WorldWideScience

Sample records for automobile parts industry

  1. 77 FR 29922 - Guides for the Rebuilt, Reconditioned and Other Used Automobile Parts Industry, Request for Comments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-21

    ... CFR Part 20 Guides for the Rebuilt, Reconditioned and Other Used Automobile Parts Industry, Request... FTC's ``Guides for the Rebuilt, Reconditioned and Other Used Automobile Parts Industry.'' DATES... used parts (e.g., engines and transmissions). The Commission first addressed the used automobile...

  2. EVOLUTIONS IN GLOBAL AUTOMOBILES INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viorel Pop

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper is a brief overview of the evolution of the global automotive industry during the 20th century, with reference to the main manufacturers, oil crises of 1970-1980, and also the global financial and economic crisis that began in 2008. The analyzed period covers the rise of the Asian Continent, beginning with Japan, then South Korea and more recently the emerging countries: China and India. What was predicted 20-25 years ago, became reality: Asia becomes the economic centre of the world, surpassing unexpectedly fast even the Euro-Atlantic area. Regarding Romania, the revival delay of the automobiles industry, led to the loss of the trucks and bus industry, and after a much awaited rehabilitation of car production, this has stuck now at an unsatisfactory level.

  3. Lessons from China’s automobile industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘世锦

    2009-01-01

    Two controversies have emerged in the development of China’s automobile industry.The first is the role of government approval in economy of scale,industrial concentration and redundant construction.Second is the role of foreign-funded companies in the growth of China’s automobile industry.Correct understanding of these matters offers a unique"intellectual asset"for approaching the institutional and policy matters of China’s automobile industry and other sectors.It also serves as guidance in the selection of growth patterns.

  4. Other solutions for the plastic residue from the automobile industry and used as additives in the asphaltic bitumens; Alternativas de los residuos plasticos de la automocion y su empleo como aditivos de los betunes asfalticos. Parte I

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lopez-Vidriero, E.; Castillo, F. [CEDEX. Ministerio de Fomento. Madrid (Spain)

    1999-08-01

    This article forms part of an investigation which aims to achieve two adjectives. The first is to cooperate in the improvement of the environment by decreasing the amount of plastic residue from the automobile industry. The second is to improve the characteristics of asphaltic bitumens used in roofing and waterproofing in civil engineering, through the addition of plastic residue from the automobile industry. (Author) 4 refs.

  5. STRATEGY AND PROSPECTS OF UKRAINIAN AUTOMOBILE MOTOR INDUSTRY DEVELOPMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Kryvokon

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Research of strategy and prospects of Ukrainian automobile motor industry development has been done: the measures of public policy, which must be realized for the development of national automobile industry, a car production volume and expected working place in motor industry under state support have been described.

  6. Environmental practices of the auxiliary companies to the Spanish automobile industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    González-Torre, Pilar L.; González, Beatriz A.; Gupta, Surendra M.

    2005-11-01

    The automobile manufacturing industry plays a very important role in a country's economy. The importance of automobile manufacturing industry lies in its sheer size and complexity in terms of the direct and indirect influence it commands across many other industries. While millions of people are employed in the automobile manufacturing industry, it is estimated that more than two and half times that number are employed in the auxiliary companies that supply parts to the automobile manufacturing companies. The auxiliary companies represent a group of businesses of various sizes, types, and geographical locations, producing a vast variety of products ranging from the very simple to the extremely intricate. In this study, the current environmental practices of management in the core Spanish auxiliary companies that do business with the automobile manufacturing industry (and thus form a large part of the automobile manufacturing industry's supply chain) are investigated. We show that while automobile manufacturing companies are under scrutiny to become more and more environmentally friendly, not only at their manufacturing stage but also at their products' useful and EOL stages, there appears to be no such burden on the auxiliary companies. Our conclusion is based on an elaborate survey conducted during the fall of 2004 of Spanish auxiliary companies with questions about the characteristics, environmental practices and reverse logistics related activities carried out by the companies.

  7. Coatings Manufacturing Technology for China's Automobile Industry Conference

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    China's automobile industry is experiencing continued phenomenal growth with the first 11 months of 2003 seeing an output of over 4 million units.This has lead to a huge growth in the consumption of automotive coatings with a 30% growth expected in 2004,reaching 200,000 tons-compared to a 7% average growth for the coatings industry as a whole.Output is predieted to reach 300,000 tons by 2010!

  8. Application of solar flat plate collector in automobile industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wawge, P. [Peenya Alloys Pvt. Ltd., Parvati, Pune (India)

    2004-07-01

    In any industry, heating, cooling and compressed air the costliest part, which affects the production cost of any product. There are three types of indirect heat requirement or the requirement of heat can be divided in the three main categories. (1) low temp. 40 - 60 Deg. (2) Medium temp. 80 - 150 deg. (3) High Temp applications - above 150. Solar Flat Collectors have been proven for the use of solar energy for medium temp. application in hotels, boiler feed water preheating, dairy for pasteurization and some other indirect heating applications. There is another neglected area of application of Solar Flat Plate collector is heat treatment for powder coating plants where heat requirement is bet 50 Deg C - 70 Deg C. In any automobile industry the aesthetic or look of the vehicle place a very important role as far as the sale is concern (after the mechanical performance). The aesthetic means the body and colour of the vehicle. To get a long lasting good quality color, the powder coating procedure plays a major role. Before powder coating there is requirement of different chemical treatment for the removal of rust, grease and other cleaning of the specific sheet metal body parts. The time duration and chemical composition is depends on the selection of body material. A proven method of a chemical treatment is seven / eight tank process. The common system of heating chemicals is by way of electrical heaters, by diesel or other fuel fired boilers. This increases the cost of heat treatment process due the high cost of electricity (for industries rate of electricity is 1.5 to 2 times than the domestic rate) or oils. This can be replaced by Solar water heating system which can efficiently generate the temp of liquid upto 85 Deg C. (orig.)

  9. MANAGEMENT TOOLS USED IN THE AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRY IN BRAZIL

    OpenAIRE

    Beuren, Ilse Maria; Universidade Regional de Blumenau - FURB; Guth, Sérgio Cavagnoli; Universidade Regional de Blumenau - FURB

    2010-01-01

    The durability of business strategies is diminishing at the same rate as the rhythm of environmental changes is increasing, which implies the necessity for uninterrupted transformations and processes of restructuring within organizations. From this perspective, this work’s objective is to demonstrate the management tools that were, are or will be used in those automobile industries established in Brazil. To this purpose, an empirical descriptive study, in the form of a survey, was conducted e...

  10. STRATEGIC ENTREPRENEURSHIP: A CASE IN THE BRAZILIAN AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Afonso Carneiro Lima

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available This work addresses an entrepreneurial phenomenon of strategic administration within the automobile industry: the creation of the automaker Troller Veículos Especiais (TVE. The case study at hand is justified by the positioning of this company around two market niches and its relative success in an industry characterized by few and powerful players. Our aim was to analyze the entrepreneurial and strategic process of discovering opportunity, the analysis used for internal and external factors, and the adoption of its strategic positioning in exploring two automobile market niches: in the B2B market, vehicles adapted to specific operational functions; and in the B2C, off-road vehicles with a strong appeal to consumers’ life styles. This case study allowed us to visualize the challenging path of a genuinely Brazilian small company in a sector dominated by large multinational groups, besides demonstrating decision-related dilemmas and aspects related to managerial creativity.Key-words: Automobile industry. Case study. Strategic entrepreneurship. Discovery theory. Strategic positioning.

  11. Performance evaluation of effluent treatment plant for automobile industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ansari, Farid [Department of Applied Science and Humanities, PDM College of Engineering, Bahadurgarh (Haryana) (India); Pandey, Yashwant K. [School of Energy and Environmental Studies, Devi Ahilya Vishwavidyalaya, Indore (India); Kumar, P.; Pandey, Priyanka [Department of Environmental Science, Post Graduate College Ghazipur (IN

    2013-07-01

    The automobile industry’s wastewater not only contains high levels of suspended and total solids such as oil, grease, dyestuff, chromium, phosphate in washing products, and coloring, at various stages of manufacturing but also, a significant amount of dissolved organics, resulting in high BOD or COD loads. The study reveals the performance, evaluation and operational aspects of effluent treatment plant and its treatability, rather than the contamination status of the real property. The Results revealed that the treated effluent shows most of the parameters are within permissible limits of Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), India and based on the site visits, discussion with operation peoples, evaluation of process design, treatment system, existing effluent discharge, results of sample analyzed and found that effluent treatment plant of automobile industry are under performance satisfactory.

  12. Hopes in the Crisis——Chinese Automobile Market in the World Auto manufacturing Industry Shuffle

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gao Shurong

    2009-01-01

    @@ Global automobile markets shuffle against the economic crisis The economic crisis spread rapidly around the world,making automobile industry one of the victims who are shocked hardest,leading to an industrial shuffle in global automobile industry.USA,EU and Japan,the traditional top three leading countries in global automobile industry,could not have their lucks to escape from the crisis.The weak global automobile market forces these transnational auto companies to be more cautious about the future than ever.As reflected in the latest performance reports,though governments took measures to maintain the market,the sharp decline in global automobile sales volume continued in the first quarter.Automobile market bottomed out in the second quarter.US auto industrywas affected the most,with two out of the top three manufacturers getting bankrupt and regrouped.

  13. The Research of Scrapped Automobiles Recycling and Disassembling Industry Development Based on Auto Industry Chain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    linhua Pang

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The number of China’s scrapped car is on an explosively growing trend, and the development of scrapped car recycling industry has a golden prospect. The current scrapped car recycling system is not perfect in our country, because related industries driven by market develop slowly, and there are some outstanding problems such as potential safety risks, environmental pollution and resource waste. The paper analyzes and studies the existing problems and countermeasures to investigate the development strategy of scrapped car recycling industry according to the whole automobile industry chain construction, technology and equipment conditions, policy guidance, etc. and at last explore the new industrial development pattern of serving automobile reverse design.

  14. Polímeros e a indústria automobilística Polymers and the automobile industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos A. Hemais

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available Gradativamente, devido a razões econômicas e tecnológicas, nos últimos trinta anos, os plásticos passaram a ocupar um lugar de destaque como um dos materiais mais utilizados pela indústria automobilística. Este trabalho tem por objetivo identificar a intensidade do uso de polímeros pela indústria automobilística brasileira. Inicialmente é apresentada uma classificação dos polímeros, de acordo com suas características técnicas e econômicas. Em seguida, é feita uma breve explanação sobre a indústria de polímeros no Brasil, bem como sobre a indústria automobilística, com seu grande potencial de atrair inovações tecnológicas. São apresentados, também, os principais polímeros com aplicação no automóvel. Por último, é discutida a questão da inovação tecnológica na indústria brasileira de polímeros, tendo como fator catalisador a indústria automobilística.Gradually, owing to economic and technological reasons, in the last thirty years, plastics have gained an increasing presence in automobiles. This paper examines the use of plastics in the Brazilian car industry. First, polymers are classified according to their technical and economic characteristics. The paper then reports briefly on the Brazilian polymer industry, as well as on the auto industry, focusing on its great potential for attracting technological innovations. The main applications for plastics in cars are also outlined. Finally, the paper discusses the question of technological innovation in the Brazilian polymer industry, with the auto industry as a catalyst.

  15. Globalization of the automobile industry in China. Dynamics and barriers in the greening of road transportation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gan, Lin

    2001-08-01

    This article describes the state of the automobile industry and urban road transportation management in China. It reviews how the automobile industry is evolving to respond to challenges in economic development, environmental regulations, and technological change. The dynamics and barriers resulting from technological change of the automobile in response to reduction of exhaust emissions and energy-efficiency improvement are analyzed. It is argued that consideration of externality costs should be integrated in automobile industrial policy making and transport management. This paper questions the current government policy of encouraging private car ownership, and suggests that improvement in public transportation systems and stronger emissions control would be relevant to China's drive toward sustainable transportation development. (author)

  16. Empirical Analysis of Green Supply Chain Management Practices in Indian Automobile Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luthra, S.; Garg, D.; Haleem, A.

    2014-04-01

    Environmental sustainability and green environmental issues have an increasing popularity among researchers and supply chain practitioners. An attempt has been made to identify and empirically analyze green supply chain management (GSCM) practices in Indian automobile industry. Six main GSCM practices (having 37 sub practices) and four expected performance outcomes (having 16 performances) have been identified by implementing GSCM practices from literature review. Questionnaire based survey has been made to validate these practices and performance outcomes. 123 complete questionnaires were collected from Indian automobile organizations and used for empirical analysis of GSCM practices in Indian automobile industry. Descriptive statistics have been used to know current implementation status of GSCM practices in Indian automobile industry and multiple regression analysis has been carried out to know the impact on expected organizational performance outcomes by current GSCM practices adopted by Indian automobile industry. The results of study suggested that environmental, economic, social and operational performances improve with the implementation of GSCM practices. This paper may play an important role to understand various GSCM implementation issues and help practicing managers to improve their performances in the supply chain.

  17. Organizational and economic aspects of benchmarking innovative products at the automobile industry enterprises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L.M. Taraniuk

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article. The aim of the article is to determine the nature and characteristics of the use of benchmarking in the activity of domestic enterprises of automobile industry under current economic conditions. The results of the analysis. The article identified the concept of benchmarking, examining the stages of benchmarking, determination the efficiency of benchmarking in work automakers. It is considered the historical aspects of the emergence of benchmarking method in world economics. It is determined the economic aspects of the benchmarking in the work of enterprise automobile industry. The analysis on the stages of benchmarking of innovative products in the modern development of the productive forces and the impact of market factors on the economic activities of companies, including in the enterprise of automobile industry. The attention is focused on the specifics of implementing benchmarking at companies of automobile industry. It is considered statistics number of owners of electric vehicles worldwide. The authors researched market of electric vehicles in Ukraine. Also, it is considered the need of benchmarking using to improve the competitiveness of the national automobile industry especially CJSC “Zaporizhia Automobile Building Plant”. Authors suggested reasonable steps for its improvement. The authors improved methodical approach to assessing the selection of vehicles with the best technical parameters based on benchmarking, which, unlike the existing ones, based on the calculation of the integral factor of technical specifications of vehicles in order to establish better competitive products of companies automobile industry among evaluated. The main indicators of the national production of electric vehicles are shown. Attention is paid to the development of important ways of CJSC “Zaporizhia Automobile Building Plant”, where authors established the aspects that need to pay attention in the management of the

  18. Chinese automobile industry: opportunities and business; El sector automovilistico Chino: oportunidades y negocios

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhang Zhang, Y.

    2010-07-01

    The emergence of Chinese economy and its rapid recovery from global crisis have sustained a high rate of growth in Chinese automobile market. The article analyzes the industrial evolution of this particular market from the perspective of automobile manufacturers. Two concrete proposals have been suggested to explore these business opportunities exposed in the analyzed industry: investment in China to take advantage of market growth and hence gaining global competitive advantages, and being strategic partner of Chinese enterprises in European and global market. Strategic alternatives for both proposals have been discussed with suggestions and conclusions followed. (Author) 11 refs.

  19. Robot Vision System for Coordinate Measurement of Feature Points on Large Scale Automobile Part

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Pongsak Joompolpong; Pradit Mittrapiyanuruk; Pakorn Keawtrakulpong

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, we present a robot vision based system for coordinate measurement of feature points on large scale automobile parts. Our system consists of an industrial 6-DOF robot mounted with a CCD camera and a PC. The system controls the robot into the area of feature points. The images of measuring feature points are acquired by the camera mounted on the robot. 3D positions of the feature points are obtained from a model based pose estimation that applies to the images. The measured positions of all feature points are then transformed to the reference coordinate of feature points whose positions are obtained from the coordinate measuring machine (CMM). Finally, the point-to-point distances between the measured feature points and the reference feature points are calculated and reported. The results show that the root mean square error (RMSE) of measure values obtained by our system is less than 0.5mm. Our system is adequate for automobile assembly and can perform faster than conventional methods.

  20. Aging Workforce Management in the Automobile Industry : Defining the Concept and its Constituting Elements

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Streb, Christoph; Voelpel, Sven; Leibold, Marius

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents the results of a grounded theory study on the automobile industry aimed at developing a concept of aging workforce management by identifying and constructing its constituting elements. Through an in-depth research investigation, it answers the question of how the challenge of an

  1. Energy efficient--advanced oxidation process for treatment of cyanide containing automobile industry wastewater.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mudliar, R; Umare, S S; Ramteke, D S; Wate, S R

    2009-05-30

    Destruction of cyanide (CN) from an automobile industry wastewater by advance oxidation process (AOP) has been evaluated. The operating conditions (in an indigenously designed photoreactor) for three different treatment strategies have been optimized. The treatment strategies involved use of, ultra violet light (UV), hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) and ozone (O(3)) in various combinations. Treatment of automobile industry wastewater (250 mg/L CN) showed fastest CN destruction, which was significantly (Pwater bodies. The specific energy consumption by the photoreactor following this treatment was comparable to that obtained by conventional treatments, which use photocatalyst. Since the present treatment does not use catalyst, it provides an excellent energy efficient and economical option for treatment and safe disposal of CN containing industrial wastewater.

  2. The Swiss automobile industry - Situation, structure, trends, challenges and chances; Automobilindustrie Schweiz. Branchenanalyse 2008

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schulze, A.

    2008-07-01

    This paper presented at the Swiss 2008 research conference on traffic takes a look at the situation of the Swiss automobile industry in 2008. The results of the study are presented and include figures on the automobile industry, its history, structure, turn-over, employment and its position from the international point of view. Research and development in the sector, investments and challenges faced are discussed. The products and services offered are looked at and the relevant strategies examined. The sector's competitive environment and possibilities for growth are looked at and the advantages offered by strategic partnerships and geographical location are noted. Finally, interviews with important actors in the business are presented.

  3. Global Production Sharing and FDI-Trade Nexus: New Evidence from the Japanese Automobile Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Shuhei Nishitateno

    2012-01-01

    The growing importance of global production sharing makes the analysis of the nexus between outward foreign direct investment (FDI) and trade in intermediate goods ever more important. This study examines the substitution hypothesis that FDI by upstream firms replaces intermediate exports from home, using the case of the Japanese automobile industry. In analysing newly-constructed product-level data covering 37 products and 49 host countries over the period 1999 to 2008, this study finds a co...

  4. Knowledge based Supplier Quality Management System for Automobile Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. N. Teli

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available A large industrial products component manufacturer was challenged to reduce supplier quality issues in response to changing market dynamics. The manufacturer faced increased competition in their core product segments and needed to reduce their overall costs and improve product quality to stay ahead. After a detailed analysis, the manufacturer identified supplier quality as one of the three key operational improvement opportunities. Supplier quality management has emerged as one of the leading business practices in the past few years. World-class manufacturers are making significant investments in systems and processes to improve supplier quality. This paper briefly outlines some of the best practices implemented by such manufacturers in supplier quality management.

  5. Limits to leapfrogging in energy technologies? Evidence from the Chinese automobile industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gallagher, Kelly Sims [Energy Technology Innovation Project, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, 79 JFK Street, Cambridge MA (United States)

    2006-03-01

    Limits to leapfrogging in energy technologies? One of the most attractive notions in the field of sustainable energy development is the concept of energy-technology {sup l}eapfrogging{sup .} Leapfrogging through international technology transfer can be especially problematic because often developing countries do not have the technological capabilities to produce or integrate the advanced energy technologies themselves. Until they have acquired the capabilities to produce the advanced technologies themselves, most late-industrializing countries buy their new technologies from industrialized countries, usually through licensing or joint-venture arrangements. Empirical case studies of the three main Sino-US passenger-car joint ventures reveal that until the late 1990s, little energy or environmental leapfrogging occurred in the Chinese automobile industry as the result of the introduction of US automotive technology. An improvement in Chinese capabilities and more stringent Chinese energy and environmental policies are needed to induce energy leapfrogging in the Chinese automobile industry. Foreign firms also have a social responsibility to contribute to China's sustainable industrial development. In order to realize the promise of the leapfrogging, the limits to leapfrogging must be identified and acknowledged so that strategies can be devised to surmount the barriers to the introduction of advanced energy technologies in developing countries. (author)

  6. 40 CFR Appendix I to Part 600 - Highway Fuel Economy Driving Schedule (Applicable to 1978 and Later Model Year Automobiles)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 29 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Highway Fuel Economy Driving Schedule (Applicable to 1978 and Later Model Year Automobiles) I Appendix I to Part 600 Protection of Environment... to 1978 and Later Model Year Automobiles) SEC MPH SEC MPH SEC MPH SEC MPH SEC MPH SEC MPH SEC MPH...

  7. 汽车产业商业模式分析%Analysis on Business Model for Automobile Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王伟; 杨一帆; 魏云捷; 季梦晨; 乔晗; 汪寿阳

    2016-01-01

    汽车产业是我国国民经济的支柱产业。在能源日益短缺、节能环保标准日趋严格,以及“互联网+”的不断冲击和“工业4.0”方兴未艾的背景下,我国汽车产业亟需进行转型升级,因此对其商业模式的研究具有重要的意义。本文从汽车制造、销售和售后的3个环节对传统汽车产业的商业模式进行了分析,将现代汽车产业的商业模式总结为信息化、服务化和绿色化的发展趋势,并针对汽车产业商业模式创新提出相关建议。%Automobile industry is the pillar industry of our national economy. In this era of "Internet +" and "industry 4.0", when energy shortage, energy saving and environmental protection standards are becoming increasingly stringent, Chinese automobile industry is urgent for transformation and upgrading. In such circumstance, it has great importance to investigate the business model of automobile industry. This paper analyzes the business model of the traditional automobile industry from the aspects of automobile manufacturing, sales and after-sales service, and summarizes the developing trend of the modern automobile industry’s business model as informatization, servitization and greening. Finally, our paper puts forward several suggestions on the innovation of business model of automobile industry.

  8. Building Surface Science Capacity to Serve the Automobile Industry in Southeastern Michigan, final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shen, Weidian

    2013-09-27

    This project, “Building Surface Science Capacity to Serve the Automobile Industry in Southeastern Michigan” was carried out in two phases: (1) the 2009 – 2012 renovation of space in the new EMU Science Complex, which included the Surface Science Laboratory (SSL), a very vigorous research lab at EMU that carries on a variety of research projects to serve the auto and other industries in Michigan; and (2) the 2013 purchase of several pieces of equipment to further enhance the research capability of the SSL. The funding granted by the DoE was proposed to “renovate the space in the Science Complex to include SSL and purchase equipment for tribological and electrochemical impedance measurements in the lab, thus SSL will serve the auto and other industries in Michigan better.” We believe we have fully accomplished the mission.

  9. Colon cancer incidence among modelmakers and patternmakers in the automobile manufacturing industry. A continuing dilemma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swanson, G M; Belle, S H; Burrows, R W

    1985-08-01

    Modelmakers and patternmakers in an automobile manufacturing corporation located in the Detroit metropolitan area expressed concern about cancer incidence in their work group. In particular, previous studies among woodworking patternmakers and modelmakers employed in the automobile manufacturing industry found excesses in the incidence of cancers of the colon and rectum. To determine cancer incidence among the study corporation's woodworkers, a computerized record linkage study was performed. Cancer incidence data from the Michigan Cancer Foundation Division of Epidemiology's Metropolitan Detroit Cancer Surveillance System (MDCSS) were linked with corporate records for their woodworkers. In this group of 316 workers, ten cancers were found, four of which were colon cancers. A standard morbidity ratio analysis revealed a statistically significant excess of colon cancer in the woodworkers, compared with a general population group matched for race, gender and age (SMR = 487.0, p less than .01). These results are consistent with observations made in previous studies. The question raised by these findings is whether an occupational exposure contributes to this excess occurrence of colon cancers or whether these groups share some other common attributes, such as dietary habits.

  10. Virtual Collaboration Readiness Measurement a Case Study in the Automobile Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ziarati, Koorush; Khayami, Raouf; Parvinnia, Elham; Afroozi Milani, Ghazal

    In end of the last century information and communication technology caused a veritable evolution in the world of business and commerce. Globalization has changed all the commerce equations and business plans. Old companies have to change their strategies if they want to survive after this technological revolution. A new form of collaboration between the distributed and networked organizations has emerged as the "Virtual Organization" paradigm. A company can not join a virtual organization before obtaining a virtual maturity. This maturity shows the readiness of the company to begin a virtual collaboration. In this paper, based on the coherent and formal definition of virtual organizations, the criteria for measuring the readiness of companies are proposed. Our criteria are confirmed, modified or combined by using the factor analysis method on a sufficient number of virtual companies in the automobile manufacturing industry.

  11. Reducing Inbound Logistics Costs- A Case Study in the Chinese Automobile Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Feng, Mengying

    2006-01-01

    Globalization has made company competition more intense. Supply chain management has developed to enable companies to compete effectively. Logistics supports competitiveness of the supply chain as a whole by meeting customer demand both timely and at a competitive cost and inbound logistics cost management is considered to be a priority in reducing costs. As the Chinese automobile industry is ChinaÃ�Æ�Ã�Æ�Ã�â��Ã�Æ�Ã�Æ�Ã�â��Ã�â��Ã�¢Ã�Æ�Ã�Æ�Ã�â��Ã�â��Ã�Æ�Ã�â��Ã�â��Ã�â�¬Ã�Æ�Ã�Æ�Ã�â��Ã�â��Ã...

  12. Biomonitoring of exposure to N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone in workers of the automobile industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meier, Swetlana; Schindler, Birgit K; Koslitz, Stephan; Koch, Holger M; Weiss, Tobias; Käfferlein, Heiko U; Brüning, Thomas

    2013-07-01

    N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP) is an important organic solvent for varnishes in industry. NMP has been previously shown to be a developmental toxicant in rodents. This study reports current exposures to NMP in the spraying department of an automobile plant using biological monitoring. Two specific metabolites, 5-hydroxy-N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (5-HNMP) and 2-hydroxy-N-methyl-succinimide (2-HMSI), were analyzed in 69 urine samples of 14 workers exposed to NMP and 9 nonexposed controls. Three different working tasks ('loading' and 'cleaning' of the sprayer system and 'wiping/packing' of the sprayed materials) and three sampling times (preshift, postshift, and preshift of the following day) were studied in exposed workers. Median exposures of 5-HNMP and 2-HMSI in postshift urine of exposed workers were 0.91 and 0.52mg g(-1) creatinine, respectively, whereas median levels in controls were below the limit of detection. Decreased levels of 5-HNMP were observed in preshift urine samples on the following day (0.39mg g(-1) creatinine) in exposed workers, while the concentration of 2-HMSI did not change (0.49mg g(-1) creatinine). Highest exposures occurred during sprayer cleaning with a maximum level of 8.31mg g(-1) creatinine of 5-HNMP in postshift urine. In contrast to 'wipers/packers', no decrease in 5-HNMP could be observed in preshift urine samples on day 2 of the 'loaders' and 'cleaners'. Overall, exposure in terms of 5-HNMP postshift and 2-HMSI preshift of the following day were well below the current biological limit values of the European Union (70 and 20mg g(-1) creatinine). Our results provide initial data on NMP exposure in the automobile industry and suggest that the analysis of 5-HNMP in preshift samples also provides essential information, particularly in situations involving direct handling of liquid NMP-containing formulations.

  13. Applications and Developments of AHSS in Automobile Industry%汽车用先进高强钢的应用现状和发展方向

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李扬; 刘汉武; 杜云慧; 张鹏

    2011-01-01

    The advantages of the automobile parts of advanced high strength steel(AHSS) in weight loss and security are expanded on, and its applications in automobile industry are also introduced. Furthermore, it gives a review of the materials and forming methods of hot stamping press technology of the AHSS plate. The main problems of the hot stamping press process are pointed out. At last, the development trends in the applications in automobile industry are also forecasted.%阐述了先进高强钢板汽车零部件在减重、安全方面的优势,介绍了先进高强钢在汽车工业的应用现状,简单阐述了先进高强钢的成形工艺--热冲压成形工艺研究,指出了先进高强钢热冲压成形过程中遇到的主要问题,探讨了先进高强钢未来的发展趋势.

  14. Risk assessment of welders` exposure to total fume in an automobile industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Risk assessment of Toxic or hazardous chemicals enables the Industrial Hygienists to make the appropriate decision in providing healthy work place. This project was conducted in an assembling plant,(4workshop of an Automobile Industry in IRAN with 2 types of welding operations, including GMAW (CO2 welding and Spot resistance welding operations. . Method and Materials: Welders` exposures were assessed via collecting 143 breathing zone air samples based on NIOSH 0500 method. Risk assessment was carried out using Singapore recommended method. .Results: Finding showed that the mean of welders exposure in GMAW and Spot resistance welding operations 5.61 ± 5.78and 2.38± 2.15 mg/m3, respectively(p<0.05. The results showed that in GMAW welders had the highe exposure in comparison with Spot resistance welders (p<0.05. The findings also demonstrated that the risk rate of GMAW welders were high, while this rate for Spot resistance was low. .Conclusion: more hygienic attention is needed for GTAW welders. Control approaches are required including effective engineering control, conduct air monitoring, biological monitoring training, adopt respiratory protection program, develop and implement safe and correct work procedures and finally reassess the risk after all the controls have been done.

  15. Barriers to implement green supply chain management in automobile industry using interpretive structural modeling technique: An Indian perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sunil Luthra

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Green Supply Chain Management (GSCM has received growing attention in the last few years. Most of the automobile industries are setting up their own manufacturing plants in competitive Indian market. Due to public awareness, economic, environmental or legislative reasons, the requirement of GSCM has increased.  In this context, this study aims to develop a structural model of the barriers to implement GSCM in Indian automobile industry.Design/methodology/approach: We have identified various barriers and contextual relationships among the identified barriers. Classification of barriers has been carried out based upon dependence and driving power with the help of MICMAC analysis. In addition to this, a structural model of barriers to implement GSCM in Indian automobile industry has also been put forward using Interpretive Structural Modeling (ISM technique. Findings: Eleven numbers of relevant barriers have been identified from literature and subsequent discussions with experts from academia and industry. Out of which, five numbers of barriers have been identified as dependent variables; three number of barriers have been identified as the driver variables and three number of barriers have been identified as the linkage variables. No barrier has been identified as autonomous variable. Four barriers have been identified as top level barriers and one bottom level barrier. Removal of these barriers has also been discussed.Research limitations/implications: A hypothetical model of these barriers has been developed based upon experts’ opinions. The conclusions so drawn may be further modified to apply in real situation problem. Practical implications: Clear understanding of these barriers will help organizations to prioritize better and manage their resources in an efficient and effective way.Originality/value: Through this paper we contribute to identify the barriers to implement GSCM in Indian automobile industry and to prioritize them

  16. THE ISSUES OF THE DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY FORMATION OF AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRY COMPANIES IN UKRAINE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tetyana Simkova

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The purpose this study of is to consider the problems to ensure the efficiency of of automobile industry enterprise, to identify measures and areas of improvement and optimization of freight trucking companies and to prove the methods and ways to optimize cargo transportation process, which will give the opportunity to influence the technical level of the new technology and production as a whole. Methods: Monitoring and researching problems ensure, trucking companies, classification and description of components improve the management and optimization of transportation that will enable to transport enterprises to influence the design of the transportation process efficiency, reduce transportation costs and production as a whole. Correlation-regression analysis of the effectiveness determining rational route of vehicles that can improve the technical and operational performance of the rolling stock, increase productivity and reduce the cost of cars of cargo. Results: identified areas to ensure the efficiency of transportation companies automotive industry through the development and adoption of decisions on optimization of freight trucking companies through the development of rational route of vehicle design proposals from warehouse management (number vehicle fleet, improvement of dispatching service and optimization of organizational structure . Discussion: identifying areas of improvement of transport enterprises automotive industry due to the need to increase the volume of freight traffic, increase usage of rolling stock, saving material and energy resources, reduce labor costs. Decision-making to improve the management and optimization of freight is an important topic for future research, which will create an opportunity for the company to influence the technical level of the new technology and production as a whole.

  17. Cross-Border Labor Organizing in the Garment and Automobile Industries: The Phillips Van-Heusen and Ford Cuautitlan Cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ralph Armbruster

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The globalization of the world economy has created new opportunities for cross-border labor organizing. In this paper I examine two case studies of cross -border labor organizing. One case involves Phillips Van-Hernen (PVH workers in Guatemala City, and the other Ford automobile workers in Cuautitlan, Mexico. The PVH case illustrates the potential for cross-border labor organizing in the highly mobile garment industry. The PVH workers' union and their cross-border allies adopted a "strategic cross-border organizing model" that included consumer and trade pressure, an active international trade secretariat, and several other strategies, to achieve an amazing victory. However, the Ford Cuautitlan case demonstrates that corporatist state-labor relations and internal union conflicts have limited cross-border organizing in the automobile industry. These two case studies and their different outcomes have many important lessons for academics and activists interested in cross-border labor organizing.

  18. Considerations regarding tax optimization in implanted multinational enterprises through external growth for the automobile industry in Central Eastern Europe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nitu Antonie Renata

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available The business strategy of multinational enterprises (MNEs from the automobile industry implanted in Central-Eastern European (CEE countries (Poland, Czech Republic and Romania is an offensive one, global from operational perspective. Mainly it aims the extension of market share through horizontal growth, generally external type single-domain (Mergers and Acquisitions and internal type (Greenfield investments in a lower degree. These enterprises put in practice also a defending strategy for the owned market shares through increasing the efficiency of the production network at global level. This paper aims to present the less evident aspects of tax optimization of the applied business strategy by implemented MNEs in the automobile industry in CEE, and in this context, the necessity to establish transfer prices in accordance with the OECD recommendations, as an obligation assessed by the tax legislations of the considered countries, but also from the necessity of efficient run of these enterprises.

  19. Biogas and biohydrogen production potential of high strength automobile industry wastewater during anaerobic degradation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bajaj, Mini; Winter, Josef

    2013-10-15

    High strength automobile industry wastewater, collected from decanters (DECA) of the pre-treatment plant after oil, grease and sludge separation, was investigated for production of methane in the absence and presence of glucose or excess aerobic sludge (AS) from a lab scale suspension reactor as co-substrates. The highest methane production from DECA wastewater was 335.4 L CH4/kg CODsoluble removal which decreased in the presence of the co-substrates to 232.5 (with 2 g/L glucose) and to 179 (with 40% AS) L CH4/kg CODsoluble removal, respectively. Around 95% of total methane was produced within 5 days of incubation of DECA at 37 °C when no co-substrate was added. Addition of co-substrates did not improve biodegradation of DECA but overall methane production from DECA + co-substrates was increased due to co-substrate biodegradation. The anaerobic inoculum, capable of producing 2.4 mol of hydrogen/mol of glucose under zinc induced inhibitory conditions, was unable to produce hydrogen from DECA as substrate under the same conditions.

  20. Cost of Poor Quality Analysis for Automobile Industry: A Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teli, S. N.; Majali, V. S.; Bhushi, U. M.; Gaikwad, L. M.; Surange, V. G.

    2013-10-01

    The high competitiveness makes the quest for production cost reduction a constant in the market, but it is necessary to reduce costs without compromising quality. When a product is in the manufacturing and this has to be scraped, we have more cost than the raw material used, it is necessary to consider the manpower and operations, thus to calculate the cost added to the product. Continuous quality improvement is a key factor in the strategy for competitiveness. Quality cost is one tool, among many others, that can help in continuous quality improvement. Properly applying quality cost techniques is critical to these efforts. Initially, a complete quality cost study could provide awareness and guidance to a steering committee on what cross-discipline teams and improvement projects should be started. The cross discipline teams also can use quality cost special studies to help in focusing efforts. In this paper cost of poor quality analysis has been done using different techniques which are currently applying in automobile industry to assess quality cost.

  1. Simulation of press-forming for automobile part using ultra high tension steel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tanabe I.

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, ultra high tension steel has gradually been used in the automobile industry. The development of press-forming technology is now essential by reason of its high productivity and high product quality. In this study, tensile tests were performed with a view to understanding the material properties. Press-forming tests were then carried out with regard to the behaviors of spring back and deep-drawability, and manufacturing a real product. The ultra high tension steel used in the experiments had a thickness of 1 mm and a tensile strength of 1000 MPa. Finally, simulations of spring back, deep-drawability and manufacturing a real product in ultra high tension steel were conducted and evaluated in order to calculate the optimum-press-forming conditions and the optimum shape of the die. FEM with non-linear and dynamic analysis using Euler-Lagrange’s element was used for the simulations. It is concluded from the results that (1 the simulations conformed to the results of the experiments (2 the simulations proved very effective for calculating the optimum press conditions and die shape.

  2. The Role of Technical Innovation and Sustainability on Energy Consumption: A Case Study on the Taiwanese Automobile Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chao-Wu Chou

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The impact of global warming and climate change is one of the most critical challenges of the 21st century. The greenhouse effect caused by technological development and industrial pollution has accelerated the speed of global warming. The continuous improvement in automobile energy consumption is one of the most effective ways to reduce global warming. A comparative analysis is proposed to examine the various automobiles that utilize technological innovation to improve their energy consumption. Their contribution to CO2 emissions is then investigated. This study focuses on technical innovation and output power of a conventional engine. The results indicate that innovative engines (such as the Ford turbo petrol/diesel engine, the EcoBoost/TDCi have improved energy consumption and reduce CO2 emissions. In addition, the Toyota hybrid vehicles have also improved energy consumption and reduced greenhouse gases emissions.

  3. The 'Overly-Broad' Selden Patent, Henry Ford and Development in the Early US Automobile Industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Howells, John; Katznelson, Ron D

    A current policy concern is that the alleged uncertainty over the enforceability of “overly-broad” patents of “dubious validity” may retard innovation. We take the Selden patent on the automobile as a classic of this type of patent. We review the evidence of commercial development during its term...... not support the broad construction of those claims. Ford’s and the Ford Motor Co.’s confidence in their understanding was powerfully illustrated by their Company’s public offer to indemnify purchasers of Ford automobiles against the threatened suits for infringement under the Selden patent. This and other...

  4. 提高汽车从业人员法律素养%Improving Legal Literacy for Practitioners of Automobile Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏兆平

    2016-01-01

    为了实现汽车产业技术创新和品质提高的战略决策,应培育从业人员法律意识和安全环保精神;完成这个使命,科技精英应起草新能源汽车法律条文、编制技术政策和制修订试验认证技术法规;汽车人应弘扬爱国奉献、勤学苦练、忠于职守、廉洁诚信和守护宪法精神,应遵守和维护汽车法律、法规规定,以将汽车工业打造成绿色循环国民经济支柱产业。%In order to realize strategic decisions of technical innovation and improving quality for automobile industry, practitioners should be cultivated legal consciousness and spirits of safety environmental protection; to complete this mission, scientific and technological elites should draw up new energy vehicles law provisions and compile technical policy and revise technical regulations for test certifications, automobile practitioners should carry forward spirts of patriotic dedication, study and practice hard, loyal to their duties, honesty integrity and protect the constitution, should comply with and maintain provisions of vehicle legal and regulation, that automobile industry will be made as pilar industries of green circle national economy.

  5. Application of high-strength steel sheets for automobiles in Japan; Utilisation des aciers a haute resistance dans l'industrie automobile au Japon

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Takita, M.; Ohashi, H. [Nippon Steel Corporation (United Kingdom)

    2001-10-01

    In Japan, automobile and steel engineers are working together for automotive body weight reduction. They are focusing on weight reduction from the point of view of both body structure and material. In order to meet the increasingly severe requirements for weight reduction, aiming at the limitation of the fuel consumption, an expansion in the range of application of HSS is vital. To realize further reduction, joint research by steelmakers and automobile manufacturers will become increasingly important. (authors)

  6. Aspects économiques de l'industrie automobile dans le monde Economic Aspects of the Auto-Motive Industry in the World

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valais M.

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Cette étude décrit les caractéristiques et les implications économiques les plus importantes de l'industrie automobile dans le monde. Après avoir situé l'importance des grands pays constructeurs mondiaux par leurs productions, leurs parcs et leurs échanges, la situation de la France est étudiée plus particulièrement. Cette analyse plus fine montre la structure et aussi les relations de l'industrie automobile française avec son marché, ses concurrents extérieurs, l'économie nationale tout entière et celle de ses utilisateurs. This survey covers the most important features and economic implications of the automotive industry in the world. After situating the positions of the leading worldwide manufacturers with regard to their output, the number of their vehicles in use and their foreign trade, special attention is paid to the situation of France. This closer analysis shows the structure of the automotive industry as well as its relations with its market, its foreign markets, the national economy as a whole and that of its users.

  7. Pourquoi l’industrie automobile n’a pas inventé la bioéthique ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian Bonah

    2008-12-01

    ègles strictes d'évaluation et de mise sur le marché d'un médicament, réalisant ainsi une demande formulée depuis longtemps sans succès par l'industrie pharmaceutique. Ainsi, et aussi contradictoire que cela puisse paraître, certaines des positions des associations rejoignent et la rhétorique du laisser-faire de l'économie libérale en faveur d'une régulation économique des marchés et les sirènes de l'industrie pharmaceutique chantant la plainte de la sur-réglementation qui empêche l'innovation. Pour sa part, peut-être que l'industrie automobile n'avait pas besoin d'inventer la bioéthique puisqu'elle n'a jamais quitté l'espace d'une régulation par les marchés.

  8. Role of Multinational Corporations in Automobile Industries: A Comparative Study Between India and Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ganesh Babu Kumaran

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Role of Multinational Corporations ( MNC’s in developing countries is not new in the arena of International business and global macroeconomics. One of the most significant economic developments of recent decades is the economic LPG process (Liberalisation, Privatisation and Globalisation is reflected in the rapid growth in international trade and the surge in Foreign Direct Investment (FDI. This process is to a large extent driven by new investments from multinational corporations. A rapidly growing share of MNC’s in India and Mexico in last decade was evident in various sector and in particular to automobile sector. Multinational Corporations are seeking to exploit the vast but also precarious market potentials in these emerging economies. Simultaneously, India and Mexico are increasingly embarking on economic development strategies aimed at attracting MNC’s Foreign Direct Investment as a means to access technology, capital, organizational and marketing know how, etc. This study does comparative analyses on the performance of automobile sector in India and Mexico, mainly in passenger car and Utility vehicles sector. It examines the impact and the role of MNC’s in these economies since 1990’s, with derived empirical quantitative and qualitative data analysis that would illustrate and reinforce some of the contemporary status.

  9. Financial Statement as a Veritable Source of Strategic Information in Automobile and Tyre Industries in Nigeria (R T Briscoe Nigeria Plc

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mary Josiah

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available This study is derives from the concern of the users of financial statements in ability to understand, interpret and appreciate the importance of information provided in the statement as a basis for decision making and policy formulation. Due to this reason, they cannot make the best use of the information provided. This is exactly what led to this research study. This study was carried out to provide an insight into accounting information provided in the financial statements which is capable of satisfying the interest of all those who have dealings with R. T. Briscoe Nig. Plc in whatever capacity and it also tries to throw light on how to make use of accounting ratio in the evaluation of the performance automobile and tyre industries. The study also carried out an evaluation of the performance of the Automobile and tyre industries in a more relative term using accounting ratios as indicators. A thorough investigation was conducted into the efficiency performance in key areas such as liquidity, profitability, activity, and leverage ratios. The ratios computed were analyzed. After the analysis was made, the findings showed that the performance of the Automobile and tyre industries in the key areas mentioned above are well above average and that it compared favourably over the years for which the ratios were computed. The researcher however wish to stress the need for the Automobile and tyre industries to sustain, consolidate and improve on some of its profitability ratios and improving its liquidity ratio.

  10. The Linguistic Features of English Automobile Advertisements

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李琼璐

    2014-01-01

    Household cars are largely demanded today, stimulating the economic development throughout the automobile industry. To enlarge market, all automobile producers pay great efforts to advertisements which result in a large quantity of automobile advertisements. Due to the rare analysis on the linguistic features of automobile advertisements, this essay makes a specific study on this. Analysis will be done through the perspectives of the lexical level, the syntactic level and the rhetoric level. Hence, valid references could be offered to future automobile advertisers.

  11. A Comparative Research on Automobile industries of the "BRICs"%“金砖四国”汽车业发展比较研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张英

    2011-01-01

    金融危机之后,欧美等发达国家汽车业增长趋缓,而“金砖四国”汽车业发展迅速,代表着新兴市场成为世界汽车工业的发动机,全球汽车行业的重心逐步向其偏移。文章从汽车业发展总量、汽车产品国际竞争力指数以及汽车产品出口结构三个角度分别对“金砖四国”汽车业的国际竞争力状况进行比较研究。四国汽车业发展各种差异,发展潜力不可小觑。%After the global financial crisis, automotive industries in developed countries such as Europe and America undergo a slower increment. Conversely, those in "BRICs" develop quickly. Emerging markets characterized by these four countries have become the economic engine of world automobile industry. The center of global automobile industry is transferring toward the "BRICs" gradually. The paper compares automobile industries of the "BRICs" from the perspective of total automobile quantity, the international competitiveness of automotive products and the structure of automotive products. It finds that automobile industries in the "BRICs" develop differently but have a great development potential.

  12. A sustentabilidade na indústria automobilística: vantagem competitiva ou um sonho distante? Sustainability in automotive industry: competitive advantage or a distant dream?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Almir Carvalho

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available DOI: 10.5902/198346597741A introdução de aspectos relativos à sustentabilidade nos negócios faz parte do cenário empresarial nos mais diversos setores. Para a indústria automobilística, não é diferente; ao contrário, as discussões podem ser ainda mais intensas por se tratar de um setor de grande importância econômica e com impactos sociais e ambientais consideráveis. Este estudo tem por objetivo identificar como as questões relacionadas à sustentabilidade podem influenciar a decisão dos consumidores da indústria automobilística no Brasil, tendo como amostra consumidores residentes na cidade de São Paulo, a maior cidade do país. A pesquisa empírica, do tipo survey, compreendeu uma amostra de 184 consumidores da cidade de São Paulo, que responderam a um questionário enviado eletronicamente. Os resultados apontam para evidências ainda pouco expressivas em termos de influência de aspectos de sustentabilidade na percepção dos consumidores, em detrimento de fatores de ordem econômica, o que pode comprometer possíveis estratégias voltadas à sustentabilidade por parte das empresas do setor. The introduction of sustainability aspects in business has been a part of the current scenario in any industry. For automotive sector this is no different; on the contrary, discussions can be even more intense because it is a sector of great importance, regarding economic, social and environmental impacts. This study aims to identify how sustainability issues can influence Brazilian customers’ decision related to automotive industry, through a sample of consumers located in the city of São Paulo, the largest one in the country. The empirical research is of survey type and gathered a sample of 184 consumers, who answered a questionnaire sent electronically. The outcomes point out to the little significant scores in terms of the influence of sustainability aspects in the perception of consumers – rather than of economic factors

  13. Performance of Multilevel Contact Oxidation in the Treatment of Wastewater from Automobile Painting Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Tong; Zhu, Yufang; Fienko, Udo; Yuanhua, Xie; Kuo, Zhang

    2017-01-01

    A multilevel contact oxidation system was applied in a pilot-scale experiment to treat the automobile painting wastewater, which had poor biodegradability and contained high concentration of Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD). The wastewater used for this experiment study was the actual painting wastewater which had been pre-treated by the physic-chemical process, and its Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD5)/COD was less than 0.1,COD concentration was 800∼1500mg/L. The results showed that the multilevel contact oxidation system could efficiently degrade the COD of the painting wastewater. When the experimental system kept stable operation, the total removal rate of COD and suspended solid (SS) were 84% and 82.5% respectively with the Hydraulic Retention Time (HRT) of 8 hours. Meanwhile, this system had a strong ability to resist the impact of COD concentration change. The COD concentration of final treated wastewater was less than 500 mg/L, which could reach the factory discharge requirement for the paint shop. Besides, this system with simple structure was able to reduce the excess sludge production greatly, which would reduce much cost for the treatment of painting wastewater.

  14. Correlations in between EAWS and OCRA Index concerning the repetitive loads of the upper limbs in automobile manufacturing industries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lavatelli, Ivan; Schaub, Karlheinz; Caragnano, Gabriele

    2012-01-01

    Upper limbs repetitive tasks are one of the main sources of risk for the workers of the manufacturing industries and the standards ISO 11228-3 and EN 1005-5 addressed this issue since 2007. EAWS (European Assembly Worksheet) is a 1st level ergonomic risk assessment method and it provides in its 4th section a score to measure the load level for the upper limbs based on a traffic light scheme. According to the relevant ISO/CEN standards, the OCRA Index is the preferred system to refer to in the evaluation of the biomechanical stress of hand-harm-shoulder system. This correlation study is based on a 45 workstations sample coming from the automobile manufacturing industry. According to the results, EAWS4 shows an excellent correlation with OCRA index (Spearman's rho correlation index 0.95). Being EAWS based on biometric statistical data distribution, its typical application is the process design phase, but adopting a conservative approach in the interpretation of EAWS4 score for risk mapping purposes, it provides an equivalent "reaction" pattern (countermeasures to be taken in the production phase) with respect of OCRA Index with an Odds Ratio ranging from 0.89 (OR-matched) to 1.00 (OR-conservative).

  15. MUTATIONS OF AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRY IN THE EUROPEAN UNION IN THE WORLD CRISIS CONDITIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mircea Alexandru RĂDUŢEANU

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Global technical harmonization is considered a driver of international competitiveness of the European automotive industry, with improving global competitiveness of European industry and creating automotive jobs in terms of environmental protection and road safety. The global economic crisis, the European Union had to take some measures to protect the automotive sector, using the investment in innovative technologies to facilitate consumer credit, and financial incentives for people who choose to sell old car and buy a new one. Referring to the importance of the issues examined in Europe today, automotive industry become very substantial, competition is fierce and the pace of change is emphasized. Thus, we have presented in this paper the general characteristics of the motor car industry in Europe and how it was influenced by the global crisis, and then to review the evolution of this sector in Romania and how they are feeling the crisis.

  16. Analysis on the Utilization of Foreign Investment and Technology Transfer in China Automobile Industry%我国汽车工业利用外资和技术转移的分析与思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王敬武; 刘勇

    2012-01-01

    汽车工业的发展对我国事关重要.在我国的汽车工业发展过程中,外资起到重要作用.通过对汽车工业发展历程的总结,分析我国汽车工业在利用外资和技术引进中的正面和负面影响,提出我国汽车工业利用外资的相关政策性建议,包括:加强政府宏观管理,完善相关市场法规;对自主品牌给予大力扶持,尤其是对于民营自主品牌;鼓励发展外向型经济,支持汽车和零部件的出口;弘扬民族精神,给民族品牌营造良好的消费环境等.%Automobile manufacturing is a vital industry in China. Foreign investment has made huge contributions in China automobile industry development. This research sifts through the history of China automobile industry and analyzes positive as well as negative influences of the introduction of foreign investment and technologies in industry. It then discusses policy implications in this area, including enhancing governmental regulation in terms of making market rules and policies better, encouraging domestic brands - especially those owned by domestic private companies, promoting export - oriented car and car parts manufacturing and active PR campaign for domestic brands.

  17. Globalization in the pharmaceutical industry, Part II.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casadio Tarabusi, C; Vickery, G

    1998-01-01

    This is the second of a two-part report on the pharmaceutical industry. Part II begins with a discussion of foreign direct investment and inter-firm networks, which covers international mergers, acquisitions, and minority participation; market shares of foreign-controlled firms; international collaboration agreements (with a special note on agreements in biotechnology); and licensing agreements. The final section of the report covers governmental policies on health and safety regulation, price regulation, industry and technology, trade, foreign investment, protection of intellectual property, and competition.

  18. 中国汽车行业钢铁物质流代谢研究%Iron and Steel Material Flow Metabolism in China Automobile Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄宁宁; 陈定江; 王韬; 胡山鹰

    2013-01-01

    As the booming of automobile industry in China, the consumption of steel is growing rapidly.The study of iron and steel material flow metabolism in China automobile industry is of great significance to the development of resource recycling industry and remanufacturing industry.The system dynamics model and empirical model were integrated, and the change trend of passenger cars in use per 1 000 people in the world's main automobile production counties was studied by using Gompertz model, and coefficient from the model was used as an important reference in the study of China case.The system dynamic model of steel metabolism was used for analysis of critical flows and stocks of vehicle products and those, of iron and steel materials.Scenario analysis was presented by setting different cars in use and life distribution parameter in the system dynamic model, in which the change trends of scraped automobile, steel plate and parts consumption of steel output were studied, and effects of parts remanufacturing and light weight vehicles developing were also discussed.The medium scenario was chosen for analysis during 2011 to 2050, in which the cars in use were 260 per 1 000 people.Study showed that the ratio of steel in scrapped cars to automotive industry's annual consumption would keep rising and eventually reached 1.2.Re-manufacturing industry has great potential, that the number of re-manufactured parts would be nearly 800 million.If vehicle life spans increase 4 years, the number of scrapped cars would be reduced by nearly one half.The lightening of cars would reduce steel consumption by 18%, and results in the cumulative reduction of over 100 million tons, leading to great resource reduction and bringing about significant economic and environmental benefits.%汽车行业在我国发展迅速,汽车行业的钢铁物质流代谢在整个国民经济的钢铁物质流代谢系统中的影响已不可忽视.研究中国汽车行业钢铁物质流代谢对再生资源利

  19. THE ROLE OF LOGISTICS IN ENTERPRISE RESTRUCTURING IN THE AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. A. Sabadash

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Formation of a market management mechanism in the Russian economy objectively requires strengthening the role of logistics in general and in the restructuring of the automotive industry in Russia in particular. In the article the main reasons that caused such an interest in the analysis is the automotive industry.Methodology. The methodological basis of this article are comparative, economic and statistical analysis methods.The purpose of this article is to reveal the key theoretical and practical issues of the role of logistics in the restructuring of the automotive industry companies, taking into account global transformations occurring in the world economy. This has allowed to specify the main issues associated with the use of logistics in the restructuring of the automotive industry in Russia.Conclusions. The following conclusions were obtained: research in the field of restructuring of the automotive industry enterprises are considered in the most general terms as "any changes to the strategic nature of the enterprise"; The second approach – the authors in their definitions focus on the restructuring of its individual aspects – goals, directions and forms of restructuring.

  20. Let the World to Share the Development Result of China Automobile Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yu Zhen

    2006-01-01

    @@ On the occasion of the departing of "2006 China International (Syria) Auto Exhibition Tour",which is organized by China Machinery Industry Federation and co-organized by the relevant department of CCPIT, on behalf of the organized party, I would like to express my congratulations to this Exhibition Tour.

  1. China launches experiment for remanufacturing automobile parts%中国启动汽车零部件再制造试点

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ China National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) , the top planner of the country, has recently signed a letter of commitment with 14 enterprises to formally start the trial operation of remanufacturing automobile parts, adding a new content in China's drive of the cyclic development of the economy.

  2. Supply chain in brazilian automobile industry: production organization, performance and innovations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Sacomano Neto

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available This Paper presents the main results of a recent research on Supply Chain Management within the Brazilian Automotive Industry. The research aimed to study how the different forms of configuration of the Automaker’s Supply Chain influence the organization forms of production, the performance measures and the innovations in the Supply Chain Management. The research involves an automaker, two first tier suppliers and two second tier suppliers and it has been conducted through interviews with executives of those companies involved with the logistics, purchases and production areas. The study shows mainly that the recent structural changes within the Brazilian Automotive Industry have implicated directly in the coordination forms and innovations in the Supply Chain Management.

  3. Development of Hot Dip Galvanized Steel Strip and Its Application in Automobile Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    BIAN Jun; ZHU Yun; LIU Xiang-hua; WANG Guo-dong

    2006-01-01

    Hot dip galvanized product is widely used in architecture, household electric appliance, ship vehicle, vessel, mechano-electronic device and other fields including clothing, food, housing, and travel. The history, development, market need, and technological advancement of hot dip galvanized strip, production situation, and development tendency in China are briefly introduced. The fact that it is necessary to build new and auto galvanized strip line with the development of the iron and steel industry in China.

  4. Study of the Fatigue Life and Weight Optimization of an Automobile Aluminium Alloy Part under Random Road Excitation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Saoudi

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Weight optimization of aluminium alloy automobile parts reduces their weight while maintaining their natural frequency away from the frequency range of the power spectral density (PSD that describes the roadway profile. We present our algorithm developed to optimize the weight of an aluminium alloy sample relative to its fatigue life. This new method reduces calculation time; It takes into account the multipoint excitation signal shifted in time, giving a tangle of the constraint signals of the material mesh elements; It also reduces programming costs. We model an aluminium alloy lower vehicle suspension arm under real conditions. The natural frequencies of the part are inversely proportional to the mass and proportional to flexural stiffness, and assumed to be invariable during the process of optimization. The objective function developed in this study is linked directly to the notion of fatigue. The method identifies elements that have less than 10% of the fatigue life of the part's critical element. We achieved a weight loss of 5 to 11% by removing the identified elements following the first iteration.

  5. Research on Shaanxi automobile industry development strategy from the perspective of industrial clusters%产业集群视角下的陕西汽车产业发展策略研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程书强; 张建宁

    2012-01-01

    产业集群是汽车产业发展的必然选择。在区域经济的发展中,产业集群能够产生产品结构、品牌、知识溢出、技术创新等经济效应,提升区域竞争力。陕西汽车产业集群态势已初步形成。基于陕西汽车产业集群发展现实环境,陕西汽车产业集群发展可选择路径有:营造良好产业政策环境;发挥新能源技术优势;建立产学研互动机制;健全配套服务体系。%Industry cluster is the inevitable choice of the development of the automotive auto industry. In regional economic development, industrial cluster can produce economic effects by means of product structure, brand, knowledge spiliovers and technological innovation, increase the regional competitive capacity. Shaanxi automobile industrial cluster has formed. Based on environment of Shaanxi automobile industry cluster development, paths of Shaanxi automobile industry cluster are given, which are creating a good environment of industrial policy, taking advantage of new energy technologies, establishment of interactive mechanism of production, teaching and research and structing perfect service system.

  6. A case study on implementing lean ergonomic manufacturing systems (LEMS) in an automobile industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Srinivasa Rao, P.; Niraj, Malay

    2016-09-01

    Lean manufacturing is a business strategy developed in Japan. In the present scenario, the global market is developing new techniques for getting more and more production rate with a good quality under low cost. In this context, human factors have to be given importance to their working conditions. The study demonstrates the adoption of ergonomic conditions in lean manufacturing for the improvement of organizational performance of the industry. The aim of ergonomics is to adapt the new techniques to their work in efficient and safe ways in order to optimize the human health conditions and increasing the production rate. By conducting survey on various disciplines and showed how the production rate and human ergonomic conditions is affected.

  7. 汽车维修行业现存问题与对策研究%Existing Problems and Countermeasures of Automobile Maintenance Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋开正

    2016-01-01

    There are many problems in modern automobile maintenance enterprises.Based on full research, this paper ana-lyzes main problems in domestic automobile repair industry in China,and discusses reform measures for maintenance enterprise to survive and develop.%现代汽车维修企业,存在诸多的问题。文章在充分调研研究的基础上,针对我国国内汽车维修行业现存主要问题进行了分析,并探讨了维修企业要生存和发展所必须采取的改革措施。

  8. Mutagenicity of automobile workshop soil leachate and tobacco industry wastewater using the Ames Salmonella fluctuation and the SOS chromotests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okunola, Alabi A; Babatunde, Esan E; Chinwe, Duru; Pelumi, Oyedele; Ramatu, Salihu G

    2016-06-01

    Environmental management of industrial solid wastes and wastewater is an important economic and environmental health problem globally. This study evaluated the mutagenic potential of automobile workshop soil-simulated leachate and tobacco wastewater using the SOS chromotest on Escherichia coli PQ37 and the Ames Salmonella fluctuation test on Salmonella typhimurium strains TA98 and TA100 without metabolic activation. Physicochemical parameters of the samples were also analyzed. The result of the Ames test showed mutagenicity of the test samples. However, the TA100 was the more responsive strain for both the simulated leachate and tobacco wastewater in terms of mutagenic index in the absence of metabolic activation. The SOS chromotest results were in agreement with those of the Ames Salmonella fluctuation test. Nevertheless, the E. coli PQ37 system was slightly more sensitive than the Salmonella assay for detecting genotoxins in the tested samples. Iron, cadmium, manganese, copper, nickel, chromium, arsenic, zinc, and lead contents analyzed in the samples were believed to play significant role in the observed mutagenicity in the microbial assays. The results of this study showed that the simulated leachate and tobacco wastewater showed strong indication of a genotoxic risk. Further studies would be required in the analytical field in order to identify and quantify other compounds not analyzed for in this study, some of which could be responsible for the observed genotoxicity. This will be necessary in order to identify the sources of toxicants and thus to take preventive and/or curative measures to limit the toxicity of these types of wastes.

  9. Okoliš i automobil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nada Štrumberger

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Constant increase of the number of automobiles causes demand for individual materials to get on the rise, thus giving an impulse to the development of recycling logistics. Used automobiles get disassembled and individual parts which can be used as raw materials or additives get recycled. Automobile tires can be reclaimed or vulcanized. In July 1978 the environmental-friendly "Blauer Engel" or "Blue Angel" symbol was first introduced for reclaimed tires. Later, emblems were introduced for other recycled automobile pans. The awarding of the emblem is being controlled and approved by authorized institutes, because the emblem rightfully designates traffic safety.

  10. Case study on the treatment and recycle of wastewater from automobile industry%汽车工业废水处理及回用工程实例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董建威; 司马卫平

    2015-01-01

    汽车制造企业排放的机械加工废水具有有机物成分复杂、矿物油浓度较高且具有一定毒性等特点,采用气浮—混凝沉淀—生物法—反渗透工艺进行深度处理后部分回用。工程实践表明:当进水COD为1000 mg/L左右时,在系统维持相对稳定的情况下,反渗透产水可满足企业生产工艺用水水质要求,而反渗透浓水达到了《污水综合排放标准》(GB 8978—1996)三级标准。%The wastewater discharge d from automobile industry are characterized by complicated components ,high concentration of mineral oil and toxicity. After the combined process ,air flotation-coagulation-biological process-reverse osmosis,has been used for the advanced treatment of it,this wastewater can be recycled partly. The practice results show that when the influent COD is about 1 000 mg/L and the system condition maintains relatively stable , the reverse osmosis produced water can meet the water quality requirements for the recycle in production ,and the condensed water from RO system can meet the third class criteria specified in the Integrated Wastewater Discharge Standard(GB 8978—1996).

  11. On the automobile lightweight

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ma Mingtu; Yi Hongliang; Lu Hongzhou; Wan Xinming

    2012-01-01

    The significance, description parameters, evaluation method, implement way and design for lightweight of au- tomobile are comprehensively reviewed. The relationship among the performances of auto parts & components, the prop- erties of materials and application of advanced technologies is also elaborated. According to recently related progress of lightweight and authors' research and developing work, lightweight of automobile is comprehensively and systematically overviewed.

  12. [Prevalence of breast and gynecological diseases in female workers in the administrative office and workshop of an automobile part factory].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bai, L X; Yang, L; Duan, D P; Xu, X Y; Li, Z; Liu, Y M

    2017-02-20

    Objective: To investigate the prevalence of breast and gynecological diseases in female workers in the administrative office and workshop of an automobile part factory, and to provide a basis for promoting the health of female workers. Methods: In March 2015, color ultrasound examination of the breast, uterus, and bilateral adnexa was performed for all female workers, and routine gynecological examination, routine leucorrhea examination, and thinprep liquid-based cytology test were performed for married female workers. The detection rates of breast and gynecological diseases in female workers in the administrative office and workshop were analyzed. Results: In the 314 female workers, the overall detection rate of breast and gynecological diseases was 86.31%; the detection rate of abnormal breast ultrasound results was 72.93%, mainly breast hyperplasia; the detection rate of abnormal gynecological ultrasound results was 12.14%, mainly hysteromyoma, pelvic effusion, and uterus-rectum fossa effusion. The overall detection rate of cervicitis or vaginitis in married female workers was 66.86%. The univariate analysis showed that compared with those in the administrative office, the female workers in the workshop had significantly higher detection rates of breast hyperplasia and grade 2 breast lesions on the Breast Imaging-Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) and significantly lower detection rates of hysteromyoma and grade 3 breast lesions on the BI-RADS (all P factory have high prevalence rates of breast and gynecological diseases. Night shifts for female workers in the workshop should be reduced as much as possible, and female workers, especially those in the administrative office, should be guided to release pressure and take a balanced diet.

  13. Synergic Development for New Energy Automobile Industry%新能源汽车产业协同发展研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张艳

    2014-01-01

    According to the connotation of system synergy theory , a diversified , synergy measure model was established com-bining with principal component analysis and regression analysis method .The Ford Corporation was taken as an example , the an-nual report data of 2008 ~2012 were analyzed.The empirical analysis was adopted to calculate static and dynamic synergy de-grees between the Ford automobile industry and its new energy automobile industry .Results show that although the corporate di-versification is the complexity , curves of the synergy degree reflects synergy degrees between the ford business and its new energy automobile business keep with a stable rise;its development is at the track of synergy development .%依据系统协同理论内涵,建立多元化协同度测度模型,结合主成分分析法与回归分析法,以福特公司为例,选取2008-2012年年度报表数据,实证分析了福特公司汽车产业与其所经营的新能源汽车产业之间协同发展的静态协同度和动态协同度。结果表明,虽然企业多元化经营存在较大的复杂性,协同度曲线反映了福特汽车业务与新能源汽车业务之间协同效应的协同度保持稳定上升状态,说明其发展处在协调发展的轨迹上。

  14. Al alloy and its welding technology in automobile industry%汽车工业中的铝合金及其焊接技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋玉秀; 王丽君

    2012-01-01

    铝及其合金在汽车工业的应用中具有轻量化、节能减排、改善环境、提高汽车平稳性和安全性等特点.铝及其合金熔化焊存在焊缝易产生气孔,焊接接头易软化等缺陷.讨论了激光-电弧复合焊、激光拼焊、搅拌摩擦焊在汽车用铝及其合金焊接的应用和特点.%Aluminum and its alloy in the automobile industrial application with light weight,energy saving and emission reduction, improving the environment, improve the vehicle stability and safety .Analysis of aluminum and its alloy fusion welding seam gasification are generated,weld joints are easy to soften and other defects.Discussed the application and its characteristics of lser arc hybrid welding, laser welding, FSW in automobile industry.

  15. The the presentation of the model and primary index for identification and measuring the effective factors on customer satisfaction and loyalty in the automobile industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nastaran Dehghani Samani

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Awareness of the customer satisfaction always been a scientific and practical major issue in the marketing because of it’s the cause of loyalty. This study aimed to identifying factors that influence the customer satisfaction in the automobile industry and eventually provided a model. Therefore, after reading the relevant literature, the variables were determined and 11 hypothesis assigned. For data gathering used a questionnaire which completed by the staff of the Central Bank. Data analyzed with the technique of structural equation modeling and used the LISREL and SPSS software. The results showed that the index and model for measuring customer satisfaction in the automotive industry, is appropriate. Factors affecting customer satisfaction can be expressed this way: quality, expectations, perceived value, image But service had no effect on satisfaction. In addition, satisfaction, was a factor that had the most influence on customer loyalty.

  16. The structural rationalization of post-warJapanese automobile industry and its significance for China%战后日本汽车工业的产业组织合理化及其借鉴

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾昭诚; 成志明

    2001-01-01

    本文在详细分析日本汽车工业产业组织合理化经验的基础上,分析了我国汽车工业的产业组织现状,对我国汽车工业产业组织合理化的目标、步骤及其形式作了一些探讨。%The government's Guideline for China's Automobile Industry issued in 1994 sets the target ofdeveloping China's automobile industry into one of the major industries of this country by the year 2010.Over the past five years the industry has developed to some extent and its structure has simultaneouslybeen improved; however, the achievements are far from adequate. A close analysis of the experience ofJapan's rationalization of the structure of its post-war automobile industry is beneficial for designing thetarget, steps and form of the rationalization of the structure of China's automobile industry.

  17. 长三角汽车产业集群自主创新能力研究%Study on Industrial Clusters'Independent Innovation Ability of Automobile Industry in Yangzi River Delta

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘秋生; 王之秀

    2013-01-01

    目前,汽车产业已经成为我国支柱产业,长三角是我国最具竞争优势的产业集群地区,但也同时面临着国内外的巨大挑战。要保持产业集群的持续竞争优势就必须加强自主创新。基于此,构建产业集群的自主创新能力评价指标体系,运用熵值法对长三角地区的汽车产业集群进行评价,指出其在自主创新发展中的不足并提出改进建议。%Nowadays , the automobile industry has become the pillar industry in China , and the Yangzi River Delta has the most competitive advantage in industrial clusters , but it also faces great challenges at home and abroad .To keep the sus-tainable competitive advantage , it must strengthen the independent innovation .This paper constructs an evaluation index system of the ability of independent innovation based on industrial cluster .Then, this paper uses entropy method to evaluate the automobile industry cluster of Yangtze River Delta .Finally, it points out the deficiency of the independent innovation development in order to put forward the improvement Suggestions .

  18. Hydrogen storage for automobiles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Strickland, G.

    1979-01-01

    Results of an analysis of hydrogen-fueled automobiles are presented as a part of a continuing study conducted by Lawrence Livermore Laboratory (LLL) on Energy Storage Systems for Automobile Propulsion. The hydrogen is stored either as a metal hydride at moderate pressure in TiFe/sub 0/ /sub 9/Mn/sub 0/ /sub 1/H/sub x/ and at low pressure in MgH/sub x/ catalyzed with 10 wt % Ni, or it is stored in hollow glass microspheres at pressures up to about 400 atm. Improved projections are given for the two hydrides, which are used in combination to take advantage of their complementary properties. In the dual-hydride case and in the microsphere case where Ti-based hydride is used for initial operation, hydrogen is consumed in an internal-combustion engine; whereas in the third case, hydrogen from Ti-based hydride is used with air in an alkaline fuel cell/Ni-Zn battery combination which powers an electric vehicle. Each system is briefly described; and the results of the vehicle analysis are compared with those for the conventional automobile and with electric vehicles powered by Pb-acid or Ni-Zn batteries. Comparisons are made on the basis of automobile weight, initial user cost, and life-cycle cost. In this report, the results are limited to those for the 5-passenger vehicle in the period 1985-1990, and are provided as probable and optimistic values.

  19. Comfort model for automobile seat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Silva, Lizandra da; Bortolotti, Silvana Ligia Vincenzi; Campos, Izabel Carolina Martins; Merino, Eugenio Andrés Díaz

    2012-01-01

    Comfort on automobile seats is lived daily by thousands of drivers. Epistemologically, comfort can be understood under the theory of complexity, since it emerges from a chain of interrelationships between man and several elements of the system. This interaction process can engender extreme comfort associated to the feeling of pleasure and wellbeing or, on the other hand, lead to discomfort, normally followed by pain. This article has for purpose the development of a theoretical model that favours the comfort feature on automobile seats through the identification of its facets and indicators. For such, a theoretical study is resorted to, allowing the mapping of elements that constitute the model. The results present a comfort model on automobile seats that contemplates the (physical, psychological, object, context and environment) facets. This model is expected to contribute with the automobile industry for the development of improvements of the ergonomic project of seats to increase the comfort noticed by the users.

  20. VCI材料在汽车零部件包装上的应用%Applications of VIC Materials in the Packaging of Automobile Parts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周锦

    2012-01-01

    Several antirust methods were compared and the properties of VCI (Volatile Corrosion Inhibitor, namely gas phase Corrosion Inhibitor) antirust product were introduced. The properties of VCI materials were tested and the application of the VCI in packing automobile parts was introduced.%比较了几种防锈方法,介绍了VCI(Volatile Corrosion Inhibitor,即气相腐蚀缓蚀剂)防锈产品的特点,测试了VCI材料的性能,介绍了VCI在汽车零部件包装上的应用。

  1. SIMULATION AS PART OF INDUSTRIAL PRACTICE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miriam Pekarčíková

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Article discusses the simulation as an efficient scientific method of problem solving in industrial practice. It creates an overview of the simulation program means used in industrial practice and creates an overview of tools for discrete, continuous, and combined.

  2. Situation and Countermeasure Analysis of Employed Persons Engaged in Automobile Maintenance Industry%汽车维修行业从业人员现状及对策探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    凌锐; 荀万元

    2014-01-01

    Along with the transformation and upgrading of domestic automobile maintenance industry,employed persons become a key “bottleneck” in the development of automobile maintenance industry. Based on the present situation of employed persons in Taizhou area, this paper firstly analyses the existed problems in the employed persons in the automobile maintenance industry,then proposes several feasible countermeasure,which is of great reference value for the management of employed persons in automobile maintenance industry.%随着国内汽车维修行业不断转型升级,从业人员问题成为制约汽车维修行业科学发展的瓶颈。该文立足泰州地区的维修行业从业人员现状,首先剖析了目前行业内从业人员以及相关人才培养管理中存在的主要问题,接着针对存在的问题提出了一些可行的对策,对汽车维修行业人员的管理具有较强的参考意义。

  3. 汽车零部件再制造坯料清洁工艺研究%Study on cleaning technology for automobile parts remanufacturing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱明宇; 刘诗巍; 陈铭

    2011-01-01

    在废旧汽车零部件再制造过程中,清洁是极其重要的一道工序.传统的清洁方法成本高、效率低、劳动强度大,容易造成环境污染,不适应再制造的需要.针对再制造过程中新研发的5种机械式环保清洁设备从清洁效果、清洁效率与能耗、清洁成本三个方面进行了试验分析,形成了一套优化的清洁工艺流程,对汽车零部件再制造清洁实践具有重要的指导意义.%Cleaning is a very important process in remanufacturing of waste automobile parts. Traditional cleaning methods are not available for remanufacturing because of high cost ,low efficiency, heavy labor intensity and pollution of environment. Five new environmental and mechanical cleaning equipment which suit for remanufacturing are analyzed from cleaning effect, efficiency and energy consumption, cost through experiment in it, and a set of optimal process flow for cleaning is formed, which has important directive significance to the cleaning of waste automobile parts for remanufacturing.

  4. Making Industry Part of the Climate Solution

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lapsa, Melissa Voss [ORNL; Brown, Dr. Marilyn Ann [Georgia Institute of Technology; Jackson, Roderick K [ORNL; Cox, Matthew [Georgia Institute of Technology; Cortes, Rodrigo [Georgia Institute of Technology; Deitchman, Benjamin H [ORNL

    2011-06-01

    Improving the energy efficiency of industry is essential for maintaining the viability of domestic manufacturing, especially in a world economy where production is shifting to low-cost, less regulated developing countries. Numerous studies have shown the potential for significant cost-effective energy-savings in U.S. industries, but the realization of this potential is hindered by regulatory, information, workforce, and financial obstacles. This report evaluates seven federal policy options aimed at improving the energy efficiency of industry, grounded in an understanding of industrial decision-making and the barriers to efficiency improvements. Detailed analysis employs the Georgia Institute of Technology's version of the National Energy Modeling System and spreadsheet calculations, generating a series of benefit/cost metrics spanning private and public costs and energy bill savings, as well as air pollution benefits and the social cost of carbon. Two of the policies would address regulatory hurdles (Output-Based Emissions Standards and a federal Energy Portfolio Standard with Combined Heat and Power); three would help to fill information gaps and workforce training needs (the Superior Energy Performance program, Implementation Support Services, and a Small Firm Energy Management program); and two would tackle financial barriers (Tax Lien Financing and Energy-Efficient Industrial Motor Rebates). The social benefit-cost ratios of these policies appear to be highly favorable based on a range of plausible assumptions. Each of the seven policy options has an appropriate federal role, broad applicability across industries, utilizes readily available technologies, and all are administratively feasible.

  5. DEVELOPING THEORETICAL ORDER FORECASTING TECHNIQUE FOR STEEL USED IN GENERAL PARTS OF AUTOMOBILE%汽车共用零部件钢材理论订货量预报技术的开发

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张旭昶

    2012-01-01

    近年来,随着汽车制造产业发展迅速,对汽车零部件所用钢材的需求量急剧增加.各钢铁生产企业为加大在此领域的市场份额,不仅从产品质量和技术水平等方面进行提高,同时更加注重对客户的服务质量.为此,针对当前普遍使用的理论订货量模型所存在的缺陷,在供应商管理库存思想的基础上,利用动态库存管理的相关数据,同时兼顾季节对库存的影响以及实际生产中的最新成品率变化,开发了一套新的汽车共用零部件钢材的理论订货量预报技术,并将其应用到生产实践,取得了良好的使用效果,有效地提高了企业对汽车板客户的服务质量,为企业带来较大经济效益,具有进一步推广应用的价值.%In recent years, automobile manufacturing industry has developed rapidly and the demand of steel used for auto parts has increased dramatically. To increase the market share in this area, steel enterprises not only improve their product quality and technology level, but also pay more attention to the client services quality. Therefore, in view of the defects of existing theoretical order model commonly used, and based on the thought of vendor managing the inventory, a new set of theoretical order forecasting technique for steel used in general parts of automobile has been developed and applied to the production practices. It uses related data of dynamic inventory management, takes into account both the influence of season on inventories and the latest products change rate in actual production. This new model has achieved good effect, effectively improves the service quality to the customers of automobile sheet, and also gains satisfied economic benefits for the enterprise, and therefore has the value to further promote its application.

  6. “工业4.0”下的中国汽车产业重组%On the Restructuring of China's Automobile Industry un-der"Industry 4.0"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王鸿

    2015-01-01

    In order to adapt to the global "intelligent manufac-ture" with "industry 4.0" as the leading development trend, our country has promulgated the strategic planning "Made in China 2025". To make use of favorable conditions to accelerate the re-structuring of the automobile industry, horizontal consolidation and strategic cooperation are the main means. Integrating advan-tage resources and promoting the core competitiveness to over-come the disadvantages in the enterprises will be the keys to pro-mote China's automobile to develop from "manufacture" to "in-telligent manufacture".%为适应“智能制造”为主导的“工业4.0”发展趋势,我国颁布了《中国制造2025》战略规划。如何利用有利条件,加快推进汽车产业重组,以横向并购、战略联盟为主线,整合优势资源、提升核心竞争力,克服企业发展的不利因素,将成为中国汽车由“制造”走向“智造”的关键。

  7. An Exploratory Study on Implementation of Lean Manufacturing Practices(With Special Reference to Automobile Sector Industry(Yalın İmalat Faaliyetine Yönelik Bir Uygulama (Otomobil Endüstrisi Örneği

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Er. Rajesh Kumar MEHTA

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available At present scenario, Lean Manufacturing has become a world wide phenomenon. It is quite successful in drawing the attention of companies of all sizes. A large number of organizations are following Lean technologies and experiencing vast improvements in quality, production, customer service, and profitability. Lean Manufacturing is a systematic approach to identifying and eliminating waste through continuous improvement. The manufacturing industry in India must also look to leverage its advantages, its large domestic market, good conditions in terms of raw materials and skilled labour, and the quality focus. In India at the state level, there are few companies that are implementing Lean manufacturing techniques. In Dewas city, the industrial town of Madhya Pradesh, some of the automobile companies are vigorously following the Lean manufacturing techniques to eliminate waste and downsize the cost. Hence, all these factors prompted the researchers to analyze and study the implication of Lean Manufacturing Practices in Automobile Industries.

  8. Automobile Club

    CERN Multimedia

    Automobile Club

    2010-01-01

      As the end of 2010 is approaching, it is time to think about renewing your subscription for 2011, at a cost of 50 CHF. For those of you who are regular users of our equipment and who know of all the advantages that the club is in a position to offer, it seems pointless to give details, we are sure that many of you have made use of them and are satisfied. Therefore next time you are on the CERN-Meyrin site or at the Post Office counter don’t forget to fill in the payment slip to continue to be a part of our large family. We remind you everyone who works on the CERN site can be members of our club, this includes industrial support personnel and the personnel of companies which have a contract with CERN. If you are not yet a member, come and visit us! We will be happy to welcome you and show you the installations, alternatively you can visit our web site. The use of the club’s installations is strictly reserved for members.    ******   Pour to...

  9. 我国汽车零部件企业的精益生产应用%Application of Lean Production System by Chinese Automobile Spare Parts Manufacturers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    倪呈英

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, we introduced briefly the connotation of the lean production practice as well as the current status and existing problems of the lean production system of the Chinese automobile spare parts manufacturers, and then established the lean production mode suitable for these enterprises.%简述了精益生产的内涵与我国汽车零部件企业的现状及汽车零部件企业精益生产存在的问题,从精益生产的布局与精益生产的改善两方面构建了汽车零部件企业的精益生产模式。

  10. Simulation in Wood Industry. Part II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihály Varga

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available The goal of this simulation is to introduce and realize a part of material flow of an international furniture manufacturing company. This simulation was made with a special process-simulation software, called SIMUL8. With SIMUL8 we could simulate the whole process under real circumstances, and obtain the actual values of specific parameters relevant for the company. This opportunity helped the company to develop its strategy - to maximize the production efficiency and to find out the possibble bottle-necks without making any investment, and to rearrange the workcenters effectively.

  11. Development Trend of China’s Automobile Industry and the Opportunities and Challenges of Steels for Automobiles%中国汽车发展趋势及汽车用钢面临的机遇与挑战

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    康永林; 朱国明

    2014-01-01

    首先对中国汽车发展的现状与趋势进行了分析预测,2020年中国汽车产量可能达到3600万辆。伴随汽车迅速发展的同时,汽车用钢也面临安全、环境、资源、能源及成本等方面的挑战。中国汽车的高速增长和庞大的市场为汽车用钢的发展带来重大机遇,同时冶金行业也面临来自非钢材料的激烈竞争和用户方面的挑战。就汽车用钢的发展潜力和钢铁行业可能采取的应对方案进行了讨论,分析了近年汽车用高强钢合金含量的发展、新型高强钢的组织性能精细控制及应用技术、超高强双相钢及新型淬火配分钢的精细组织、冷轧高强钢中的纳米粒子析出控制、热成形钢的工艺与组织性能以及先进高强钢的成形应用技术等。最后,举例介绍了汽车用钢供应商的先期介入(EVI)服务体系的加强与完善。%Firstly, the current situation and development trend of China's automobile industry were analyzed and predict-ed, the auto production is likely to reach around 36 million in 2020. With the rapid development of auto, automotive steels are also facing challenges such as safety, environment, resource, energy, cost, and so on. The rapid growth of auto and huge market in China bring great opportunities for the development of automotive steel, while the metallurgical industry is also facing fierce competition from the non-steel material and challenges of users. The development potential of automo-tive steels and the response options that may be taken by steel industries are discussed. The recent development of alloy content in high strength automotive steels, the fine control and application technology of microstructure and properties in new high strength steel, the fine microstructure of ultra-high strength dual phase steel and quenching-partitioning steel, the control of nanoparticle precipitation in cold rolled high strength steel, the process and microstructure and

  12. Wind energy development as a part of Poland's industrial development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stoerring, Dagmara; Hvelplund, Frede Kloster

    2003-01-01

    The paper concludes with recommendations on how to make wind energy development a part of the industrial development in Poland by introducing renewable energy support mechanisms to improve the conditions for companies to develop wind technology in Poland.......The paper concludes with recommendations on how to make wind energy development a part of the industrial development in Poland by introducing renewable energy support mechanisms to improve the conditions for companies to develop wind technology in Poland....

  13. A Study on Cluster Development of Automobile Industry in Chongqing-Based on Diamond Model%基于钻石模型的重庆市汽车产业集群发展研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆风

    2011-01-01

    运用波特的"钻石模型",从生产要素.需求条件.相关及支持产业,企业战略、结构和同业竞争,机会,政府等6个方面对重庆市汽车产业集群进行研究;分析重庆市汽车产业现状和存在的问题;最后从政府和企业两个方面提出重庆市汽车产业集群发展的对策,这对我国其它地区汽车产业集群的发展具有一定的指导意义.%Based on Porter' s diamond model, the paper analyzes the automobile industry dusters in Chongqing from six aspects: production factors, demand qualifications, relevant and supporting industries, structure and competition, opportunities and government.The paper studies the current situation and exiting problems of automobile industry in Chongqing,and propeses countermeasures accordingly from government and enterprises' point of view, which might provide reference to the development of automobile industry clusters in other regions,

  14. Effect Evaluation of Automobile Manufacturing Industry Lean Logistics in Supply Chain Environment%供应链环境下汽车制造业精益物流效果评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王浩澂

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, from the aspects of environment, safety, staff, quality, response and cost, we built the automobile manufacturing industry lean logistics effect evaluation index system under the supply chain environment and next, using grey evaluation and AHP, evaluated the effect of the lean logistics of the automobile manufacturing industry.%从环境、安全、人员、质量、响应和成本六个方面构建了相对完整的供应链环境下汽车制造业精益物流效果评价指标体系,并通过灰色评价与层次分析法相结合对汽车制造业精益物流实施效果进行评价,对促进精益物流的发展具有一定的现实意义。

  15. Construction of Internal Training System for Automobile Manufacturing Industry%汽车制造业内部培训体系的建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    甘文辉

    2016-01-01

    员工培训是企业特别是汽车制造业内企业人力资源管理的重要内容。开展员工培训是系统性的工作,企业内部实施培训体系的建设与管理,依靠企业内部力量为主,培训效果往往会更好,有利于改善员工工作质量和提高企业的业绩,也有利于员工实现自我价值。%Staff training is an imp ortant co ntent of human resource management in enterprises of automobile manufacturing industry. Staff training is a systematic work. Enterprise internal implement training system construction and management. Mainly rely on enterprise internal resource,Training effect will be better. Improve staff work quality and improving enterprise achievement, Promote staff achieve self-value.

  16. 树脂基复合材料在欧美机车汽车制造业的应用%Application of resin composite materials to railway train and automobile manufacturing industry in Europe and U.S.A

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    翁睿; 祝颖丹

    2001-01-01

    The properties of resin composite materials are introduced.Application and development of resin composite materials to railway train and automobile industry in Europe and U.S.A are summarized.%介绍了树脂基复合材料的性能特点,并对其在欧美机车、汽车制造业的应用和发展进行了综述。

  17. Recent trends in automobile recycling: An energy and economic assessment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Curlee, T.R.; Das, S.; Rizy, C.G. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Schexanyder, S.M. [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Biochemistry

    1994-03-01

    Recent and anticipated trends in the material composition of domestic and imported automobiles and the increasing cost of landfilling the non-recyclable portion of automobiles (automobile shredder residue or ASR) pose questions about the future of automobile recycling. This report documents the findings of a study sponsored by the US Department of Energy`s Office of Environmental Analysis to examine the impacts of these and other relevant trends on the life-cycle energy consumption of automobiles and on the economic viability of the domestic automobile recycling industry. More specifically, the study (1) reviewed the status of the automobile recycling industry in the United States, including the current technologies used to process scrapped automobiles and the challenges facing the automobile recycling industry; (2) examined the current status and future trends of automobile recycling in Europe and Japan, with the objectives of identifying ``lessons learned`` and pinpointing differences between those areas and the United States; (3) developed estimates of the energy system impacts of the recycling status quo and projections of the probable energy impacts of alternative technical and institutional approaches to recycling; and (4) identified the key policy questions that will determine the future economic viability of automobile shredder facilities in the United States.

  18. China's Automobile:Walk into Africa

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ The press conference and flag presentation ceremony of the 6th China Auto International fAlgeria & Egypt)Exhibition Tour was held on November 3,2008 at China Council for the Promotion of International Trade (CCPIT),Beijing.An international exhibition automobile team,which is composed of China's independent brands and represents the independent research,development and manufacturing level of Chinese automobile industry,is ready to set out for Africa.

  19. The prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders and occupational risk factors in Kashan SAIPA automobile industry workers by key indicator method (KIM, 1390

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: work related musculoskeletal disorders are the most wide spread type of occupational diseases among workers. Awkward body postures during work and manual material handling are among the most important risk factors of musculoskeletal disorders in different jobs. Due to importance of recognizing these factors prevalence and risk factor of work related musculoskeletal disorders, this research was aimed to study the among employees of Kashan City’s Saipa automobile industry in 2011. .Material and Method: This study is a descriptive-cross sectional study conducted among workers with manual material handling 37 activities and 84 work duties. To recognize musculoskeletal disorders, body map questionnaire was applied and occupational risk factors were evaluated using Key Index Method (KIM. Data was analyzed using SPSS and Excel software. .Result: Highest prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders was in low and upper back region (%92. Based on the results from KIM, workers in the installing the tire, shuttle-aided fitting of seat, and engine work station had higher risk level with the scores of 66, 52 and 52, respectively. Risk level among three individuals (%3.6 was at 1, 40 (%47.6 at 2, 38 (%45.2 risk level 3, and 3 (%3.6 at 4. .Conclusion: Awkward body posture, improper twisting and flexion of low back were major risk factor among worker doing manual material handling tasks. Regarding the high prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders, appropriate ergonomic interventions such as engineering and organization interactions can reduce this risk factors (posture, heavy load, duration, workplace conditions as much as the risk level reach to an acceptable level.

  20. Automobile Club CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    Automobile Club CERN

    2010-01-01

     L’Assemblée Générale Ordinaire de «L’Automobile Club du CERN» s’est tenue le mercredi 12 janvier 2010. Le Président, J. Pierlot, souhaite la bienvenue aux membres présents, annonce l’agenda et résume les activités et événements du club pour l’année 2009. Le Club compte environ 600 membres, une petite diminution par rapport aux précédentes années dû surtout aux départs anticipés à la retraite. La cotisation reste inchangée : 50 CHF. Notre trésorier, E. Squadrani, présente de façon détaillée la situation du compte d’exploitation pour 2009 ainsi que le bilan de l’Automobile Club. Les comptes sont équilibrés, la situation de la trés...

  1. Inovação tecnológica na indústria automobilística: características e evolução recente Technological innovation in the automotive industry: features and recent evolution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enéas Gonçalves de Carvalho

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo principal deste artigo é analisar as características básicas da evolução recente do processo de inovação tecnológica na indústria automobilística. A hipótese de trabalho é que estariam ocorrendo mudanças na intensidade do processo de inovação técnica nessa indústria. O ponto de partida é a observação de que, nos últimos anos, tem havido na indústria automotiva - provavelmente em decorrência da intensificação da concorrência setorial e de uma maior oportunidade tecnológica - tanto uma ampliação dos gastos em P&D quanto uma crescente incorporação da microeletrônica (nos produtos e nos processos produtivos. Finalmente, são feitas também algumas considerações procurando relacionar os resultados obtidos neste artigo com a discussão do processo de de-maturity (rejuvenescimento industrial, proposto por Abernathy e outros autores.The main goal of this article is to analyze the recent evolution of the technological innovation process in the automobile industry. A provisional assumption is that could be happened changes on the auto industry technical innovation process. The starting point is the observation that, in the last years, there have been both - probably as consequence of the sectorial competition intensification and the higher technological opportunity - an amplification of the expenses in R&D as well as an increasing incorporation of the microelectronics, in the products and in the productive processes, by the automobile industry. Finally, some considerations are made, aiming at relating the obtained results in this article with the discussion of the de-maturity industrial process proposed by Abernathy and other authors.

  2. Operation of industrial electrical substations. Part II: practical applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sanchez Jimenez, Juan J; Zerquera Izquierdo, Mariano D; Beltran Leon, Jose S; Garcia Martinez, Juan M; Alvarez Urena, Maria V; Meza Diaz, Guillermo [Universidad de Guadalajara (Mexico)]. E-mails: cheosj@yahoo.com; mdzi@hotmail.com; beltran5601@yahoo.com.mx; jmargarmtz@yahoo.com; victory_alvarez@telmexmail.com; depmec@cucei.udg.mx

    2013-03-15

    The practical application of the methodology explained in Part 1 in a Cuban industry is the principal objective of this paper. The calculus of the economical operation of the principal transformers of the industrial plant is shown of the one very easy form, as well as the determination of the equations of the losses when the transformers operate under a given load diagram. It is calculated the state load which will be passed to the operation in parallel. [Spanish] El objetivo principal de este trabajo es la aplicacion practica de la metodologia, en una industria cubana, que se explico en la Parte 1. El calculo de la operacion economica de los principales transformadores de la planta industrial se muestra de una forma muy facil, asi como la determinacion de las ecuaciones de las perdidas cuando los transformadores operan bajo un diagrama de carga dado. Se calcula la carga de estado que se pasa a la operacion en paralelo.

  3. "Desverticalização"/"terceirização" e as relações de subcontratação no complexo automobilístico brasileiro Vertical desintegration/outsourcing and the subcontracting relations in the Brazilian automobile industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Amato Neto

    1994-04-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo tem por objetivo básico investigar, dentro do quadro de reestruturação da indústria mundial, quais são os principais fatores que têm motivado as grandes empresas a adotarem estratégias de "desintegração vertical", com a contrapartida de "terceirização" e "subcontratação" de pequenas empresas (fornecedoras de peças, componentes, etc.. Busca, ainda, entender este fenômeno a partir das estratégias da grande empresa industrial em busca de maior flexibilidade e tendo em vista o advento do novo paradigma de produção industrial, onde as relações inter-empresas sob a "filosofia" 'just-in-time' e de qualidade assegurada (qualidade total passam a ganhar maior relevância. Inicialmente são apresentados alguns aspectos dessa problemática a nível da indústria automobilística mundial para, posteriormente, analisar-se, a partir da pesquisa de campo, o caso do complexo automobilístico brasileiro.The aim of this study is to investigate, based on the context of the global industry restructuring, the main factors which have induced the process of vertical desintegration of the larger companies in the brazilian automobile industry. It involves the consequent increase of outsourcing process by the same companies. Thirteen case studies are presented (5 automakers and 8 autoparts companies with the purpose of identifying the tendency of these fenomena (vertical desintegration / outsourcing process within the brazilian automobile complex. These case studies provide some evidence which allow us to reach some conclusions, for instance: the relationship between the automakers and the autoparts companies belonging to the first step of the "subcontracting pyramid" has become less conflicting. But the relationship between the autoparts companies ("first step" and their suppliers (second, third,...steps is still based upon the "exit strategy", representing a lot of problems to both sides (e.g. : delay in delivers, high rate of low

  4. (1) H-NMR with Multivariate Analysis for Automobile Lubricant Comparison.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Siwon; Yoon, Dahye; Lee, Dong-Kye; Yoon, Changshin; Kim, Suhkmann

    2017-02-23

    Identification of suspected automobile-related lubricants could provide valuable information in forensic cases. We examined that automobile lubricants might exhibit the chemometric characteristics to their individual usages. To compare the degree of clustering in the plots, we co-plotted general industrial oils that were highly dissimilar with automobile lubricants in additive compositions. (1) H-NMR spectroscopy was used with multivariate statistics as a tool for grouping, clustering, and identification of automobile lubricants in laboratory conditions. We analyzed automobile lubricants including automobile engine oils, automobile transmission oils, automobile gear oils, and motorcycle oils. In contrast to the general industrial oils, automobile lubricants showed relatively high tendencies of clustering to their usages. Our pilot study demonstrated that the comparison of known and questioned samples to their usages might be possible in forensic fields.

  5. Energy autonomous sensors in the automobile; Energieautarke Sensorik im Automobil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kuehne, Ingo [Hochschule Heilbronn (Germany). Studiengang Energieoekologie; Schreiter, Matthias [Siemens AG, Muenchen (Germany); Li, Xiaoming [Daimler AG, Sindelfingen (Germany); Hehn, Thorsten [Hahn-Schickard-Gesellschaft fuer angewandte Forschung e.V., Freiburg (Germany). HSG-IMIT, Inst. fuer Mikro- und Informationstechnik; Thewes, Marcell; Scholl, Gerd [Helmut-Schmidt-Univ., Univ. der Bundeswehr, Hamburg (Germany); Wagner, Dieter [Continental Automotive GmbH, Regensburg (Germany); Manoli, Yiannos [Univ. Freiburg (Germany). IMTEK; Frey, Alexander [Hochschule Augsburg (Germany). Fakultaet Elektrotechnik

    2013-04-01

    A brief outline of energy autonomous sensors in the automobile is given. For this purpose the variety of sensors in today's automotive vehicles is reported. The rationale for the deployment of energy autonomous sensors is given. In addition the potential of using environmental energy and the possibilities of their energy conversion are presented. As part of the funded project ASYMOF, two pioneer applications - a tire pressure monitoring and an anti-theft alarm system - are studied and discussed.

  6. Where have all the flowers gone? Forecasting green trends in the automobile industry with a choice-based conjoint adoption model

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Eggers, Felix; Eggers, Fabian

    2011-01-01

    With rising gas prices, global warming, and green thinking, all-electric vehicles are currently considered the automobile technology of the future. However, besides their advantages electric drive trains also exhibit several disadvantages. Moreover, history shows several failed attempts to establish

  7. Application of NURBS Mothld in Geometry Modeling of Automobile Body Part Die Surface%NURBS方法在覆盖件模具型面几何建模中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方贵盛

    2001-01-01

    This paper analyzes the characteristics of surface design by using NURBS and the application of NURBS in 3D modeling of surface of automobile body part die.Taking the top automobile surface as an example,the process,the advantage & disadvantage of surface design by using NURBS are introduced.The smoothing of primitive data points of automobile body part and fitting of NURBS curves and surfaces are also discussed.%分析NURBS方法进行曲面设计的特点,并将之应用到汽车覆盖件模具工作型面的三维设计过程中.同时以汽车顶盖模具型面设计为例,具体说明采用NURBS方法进行曲面设计的设计过程及其优缺点,并深入探讨了汽车覆盖件原始数据点的光顺处理及NURBS曲线曲面的插值拟合等内容.

  8. Cogeneration from Poultry Industry Wastes -- Part II: Economic Analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bianchi, M.; Cherubini, F.; Pascale, A. D.

    2003-01-01

    of a Indirectly Fired Gas Turbine (Part I). Moreover a Steam Turbine Plant or a simplified system for the supply of the only technological steam are investigated and compared. Thermodynamic and economic analysis have been carried out for the examined configurations in order to outline the basic differences...... an existing poultry industry as fuel. Different plant configurations have been considered in order to make use of the oil and of the meat and bone meal, which are the by-products of the chicken cooking process. In particular, the process plant can be integrated with an energy supply plant which can consist...

  9. Solar Energy Automobile

    OpenAIRE

    He, Jianhua

    2014-01-01

    The thesis was to design a solar energy automobile, which is using solar power as energy re-source. At the moment, Finland was chosen as an example place. It was necessary to calculate the related data, which are the solar angle and the day length when designing the solar energy automobile. Also the seats and dashboard to improve the performance. Actually, in Finland it is possible to use solar energy automobile in summer. But in winter, the day length is so short and the solar constant i...

  10. Midstream modulation in biotechnology industry: redefining what is 'part of the job' of researchers in industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flipse, Steven M; van der Sanden, Maarten C A; Osseweijer, Patricia

    2013-09-01

    In response to an increasing amount of policy papers stressing the need for integrating social and ethical aspects in Research and Development (R&D) practices, science studies scholars have conducted integrative research and experiments with science and innovation actors. One widely employed integration method is Midstream Modulation (MM), in which an 'embedded humanist' interacts in regular meetings with researchers to engage them with the social and ethical aspects of their work. While the possibility of using MM to enhance critical reflection has been demonstrated in academic settings, few attempts have been made to examine its appropriateness in industry. This paper describes the outcomes of a case study aiming to find out firstly whether MM can effectively be deployed to encourage and facilitate researchers to actively include social and ethical aspects in their daily R&D practice, and secondly to what extent the integration activities could form an integral part of the engaged industrial researchers' professional activities. Our data show that after MM, researchers display increased reflexive awareness on the social and ethical aspects of their work and acknowledge the relevance and utility of such aspects on their daily practice. Also, all participants considered actively reflecting on social and ethical aspects to be part of their work. Future research on the role of MM in industrial settings could focus on how to embed social and ethical integration as a regular part of innovation practice. We suggest that one possibility would be through aligning social and ethical aspects with innovation Key Performance Indicators.

  11. 汽车行业“微增长”下的发展策略分析%Analysis of Automobile Industry Development Strategy in the Case of Slight Growth

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董文波; 秦芬

    2012-01-01

    This paper analyzes the operating characteristics of automobile industry during the first half of 2012, and points out that automobile enterprises, in the case of slight growth, should pay more attention to the opportunities brought by poli cy changes, emphasize brand construction, further enhance the innovation capability, innovate business model, optimize bus iness and product structure, and improve the marketing.%该文分析了2012年上半年汽车行业运行特点,提出了在微增长常态发展环境下,汽车企业需要积极关注政策变化带来的机会、注重产品品牌建设、进一步提升创新能力、创新商业模式、优化业务与产品结构、精耕细作改善营销的策略。

  12. The challenges of automobile-dependent urban transport strategy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jovanović Miomir

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The fundamental aims of sustainable urban development and the pro-automobile oriented economic development are on a collision course. It is obvious that automobile-dependent urban development is under heavy/powerful influence of the automobile lobby (automobile and oil industries, along with construction. In this domain famous land-use-transportation studies (or ‘grand transportation studies’ are, unfortunately, still prevailing - a vicious circle of self-fulfilling prophecy of congestion, road building, sprawl, congestion and more road building. Until recently, it was commonly thought that investment in public transport was not economically sustainable and that focusing on the development of the automobile industry and financing the construction of roadways stimulated economic growth. In this paper we clearly show that automobile industry is now overcapitalized, less profitable than many other industries (and may become even less profitable in the future, that transport market is characterized with huge distortions (more than a third of motor-vehicle use can be explained by underpriced driving, while new road investment does not have a major impact on economic growth (especially in a region with an already well-developed infrastructure, and that pro-automobile transport strategy inexorably incurs harmful global, regional and local ecological consequences. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 37010

  13. Study on Green Lean-agile Supply Chain Paradigm of Automobile Industry in Economic Transformation%经济转型背景下汽车产业绿色精敏供应链范式的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王斌义

    2012-01-01

    分析了中国经济第二次转型的特征,揭示了中国汽车产业供应链的发展趋势:供应链向精敏供应链转变,投资驱动供应链模式向价值驱动供应链模式转变,绿色供应链成为发展趋势,指明了中国汽车产业供应链转型的方向,提出了汽车产业供应链转型的范式-绿色精敏供应链范式,以满足消费者的利益和经济可持续发展为目的,以绿色供应链为前提,全方位节能减排;以敏捷供应链为核心,提高市场响应度;集成精益供应链减少消耗、降低成本.%In this paper we analyzed the characteristics of the second transformation of the Chinese economy and revealed the trend of the development of the supply chain of the Chinese automobile industry, which includes turning lean of the industrial supply chain, transformation of the investment-driven supply chain into the value-driven supply chain and the finalization of green supply chain as the direction of future development. Then we pointed out the direction for the transformation of the supply chain of the automobile industry of China, proposed the green lean—agile supply chain paradigm which can realize overall reduction of cost, energy consumption and emissions.

  14. Recycling industrial waste in brick manufacture. Part 1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreola, F.

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available The ongoing accumulation of industrial waste speaks to the need to seek cost-effective disposal methods. Brick manufacture would appear to be particularly promising in this regard. The present study analyzes the possibility of recycling the sludge generated in porcelain tile polishing, as well as coal, steel and municipal incinerator ash to make a special type of facing brick whose properties readily accommodate a full analysis of all the problems deriving from the incorporation of residue in its manufacture. Physical-chemical, mechanical and structural analyses were performed on bricks made with varying percentages of the different types of waste considered. This first paper reports the results of the physical arid technological characterization of the products; the second part of the research will address their chemical, mechanical and structural properties.

    El continuo aumento de la cantidad de residuos (desechos que se generan en los procesos industriales induce a buscar nuevos métodos alternativos a la disposición final que sean altamente eficientes y a bajo costo. La industria manufac turera de ladrillos resulta muy prometedora desde este punto de vista. En este trabajo ha sido investigada la posibilidad de usar distintos residuos industriales, entre ellos barros de pulido del gres porcelánico. cenizas de carbón, cenizas de acerías y de incinerador municipal para la fabricación de ladrillos de exteriores. Fueron analizados los problemas que podrían derivar al introducir estos residuos en la pasta. En particular, en esta primera parte del trabajo se muestran los resultados derivados de la introducción de los residuos considerados, en distintos porcentajes, sobre las propiedades físicas y tecnológicas del producto final. En la segunda parte se desarrollarán los efectos causados sobre las propiedades químicas, mecánicas y microestructurales.

  15. 76 FR 31467 - Guide Concerning Fuel Economy Advertising for New Automobiles

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-01

    ... CFR Part 259 Guide Concerning Fuel Economy Advertising for New Automobiles AGENCY: Federal Trade... Advertising for New Automobiles (``Fuel Economy Guide'' or ``Guide'') pending completion of ongoing review by... prevent deceptive fuel economy advertising for new automobiles and to facilitate the use of fuel...

  16. The Development of Auto Parts Industry and Countermeasure in Huizhou City%大力发展惠州市汽车零部件产业的对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林宽; 黄慧清

    2012-01-01

    目前,惠州市已初步形成汽车零部件生产基地,汽车产业集群优势初步显现,并拥有汽车产业发展的良好环境。但是,仍然存在跨行业缺乏统一协调、企业缺乏规模、资金投入不足、人才与低成本竞争模式的制约等问题。因此,应加强宏观协调与指导,构建"政产学研"合作研发体系,积极推进资源整合,重视人才队伍的建设,优化产业链结构,打造汽车整车和关键部件生产基地等,以推动惠州汽车产业的健康可持续发展。%At present,Huizhou city is preliminary forming a auto parts production base,showing the advantage of automobile industry cluster,and having a favorable environment for the development of automobile industry.However,there still exist some problems like,lack of coordination among multi-industry,small size of enterprise,inadequate capital throws,lack of talent and low cost competitive pattern.The argument of this article is to focuse on strengthening macroscopic coordination and guidance,constructing the cooperative R D system of " politics-production-study-research",actively promoting the integration of resources,talent team construction,optimizing industrial chain structure,building up vehicles and key parts production base,so as to promote the healthy and sustainable development of Huizhou automobile industry.

  17. 基于改进Shapley值法的汽车零部件循环取货收益分配研究%Research on income distribution of automobile parts Milk-Run based on improved Shapley value

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄炜; 龚本刚

    2012-01-01

    The Shapley value method was employed,to solve the problem of automobile parts Milk-Run of income distribution,and were taken into account comprehensively to the cooperative enterprise risks,the effect of investment and logistics capability on income or calculate the integrated correction factor and to improve the traditional Shapley value model.With examples and comparative analysis on the improved Shapley value model and traditional Shapley value model,the improved Shapley value model of automobile parts Milk-Run of income distribution was proved more reasonable.%运用Shapley值法模型,来解决汽车零部件循环取货收益分配问题,并综合考虑各合作企业的风险,投资和物流能力对收益的影响,计算出综合修正因子,改进传统的Shapley值法模型.结合实例,对改进的Shap-ley值法模型和传统的Shapley值法模型进行比较分析,得出改进Shapley值法模型的汽车零部件循环取货收益分配结果的更加合理.

  18. China Textile Industry Report 2009/10 (Part B)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Domestic demands will serve the major factor stimulating development of the textile industry in 2010. Although the textile industry has seen a recovery, international trade environment does not clear up and risks still exist.

  19. Thermal valorisation of automobile shredder residue: injection in blast furnace.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mirabile, Daphne; Pistelli, Maria Ilaria; Marchesini, Marina; Falciani, Roberta; Chiappelli, Lisa

    2002-01-01

    Wastes with residual heating value, according to the trend of the world legislation, could be thermally reused. The present study is conducted to verify the possibility of thermal valorisation of a waste, denominated fluff, by injection in blast furnace. The fluff, arising from the automobile shredder operations, is a waste characterised by a high organic matrix and is potentially dangerous due to the heavy metals, oils filter and halogenated plastics content. The first step of the work is the chemical, physical and toxicological characterisation of this material. Then the fluff injection in a blast furnace tuyere is theoretically analysed with a mathematical model. Finally, experimental trials are conducted in a pilot plant, simulating the most important part of the blast furnace: the raceway, in order to analyse process and industrial aspects. In view of an industrial application a first economical evaluation is carried out on the basis of model and experimental results.

  20. 新常态下工业4.0对我国汽车产业转型升级的启示%Revelation of Industrie 4.0 to Transformation and Upgrade of China,s Automobile Industry under New Normal

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖俊涛

    2015-01-01

    The connotation and purpose of Industrie 4.0 were expounded, and the major challenge facing the automobile industry development in China was analyzed, and some suggestions on speeding up the transformation and upgrade of the auto industry by referencing Industrie 4.0 were put forward.%阐述了工业4.0的内涵和目的,分析了当前我国汽车产业发展面临的重大挑战,提出了新常态下借鉴工业4.0,加快我国汽车产业转型升级的几点启示。

  1. Future possibilities for energy-storage automobiles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    O' Connell, L.G.

    1981-04-23

    Because of the potential threat of a future petroleum shortage, there is increased interest in developing alternative propulsion systems for automobiles, systems that will allow the nation to reduce its demand for petroleum by this part of the transportation sector. A four-year study which assessed the future of energy storage devices for use in automobile propulsion systems has been completed. Results of the energy storage device evaluation are presented. This includes projections of future device characteristics. In addition, the results of the propulsion system analysis are given. Future energy storage automobiles were conceptually designed and they are compared to each other and the baseline internal combustion engine vehicle for several levels of performance.

  2. The ergonomics simulation and evaluation architecture for the automobile

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Jianfeng; Yang, Ying; Sun, Shouqian; Liu, Tao

    2005-12-01

    The architecture of ergonomics simulation and evaluation for the automobile was described. Ergonomics analysis and evaluation is one of the most important processes in product design at present. This ergonomics simulation system based on the elements of ergonomics analysis and evaluation can provide an excellent solution to take human element into account earlier in the design phase and make proactive choices in automobile design than those traditional methods. Thinking of the characteristics of the automobile industry, this system adopted the anatomy-based and parameterized human model for Chinese, the simulation technique using motion editing and the mathematical models of ergonomics to solve real ergonomic design problems in the design phases.

  3. Analysis of Cost Leading Strategy in the Automobile Industry - From the Perspective of General Motors Overseas Corporation%汽车行业成本领先战略分析--基于通用公司视角

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    颜晓燕; 蒋少颜

    2015-01-01

    With the maturity of the automobile market, the decline in the price of the car and the impact of the global economy, the automobile industry has shifted from the era of excessive profit to the era of low profit. En-hancing its competitiveness in the fierce market competition and promoting its development are the concerns of the enterprise. The author analyzes specific financial data about General Motors Overseas Corporation and its industry competitors and points out the need to implement the cost leading strategy. Then, the paper analyzes cost leader-ship strategy from four aspects including the market segmentation and target cost design, the internal cost control, the fixed cost control, and the relatively low cost than that of its competitors. This paper aims to highlight the im-portant role of the cost leadership strategy for the automotive industry, and provides unique insights into the devel-opment of automotive enterprises.%随着汽车市场的成熟、汽车价格的下降、全球经济的影响,汽车行业已从暴利时代转向微利时代。如何在这激烈的市场中提高竞争力、促进企业的发展,是每个企业所关注的问题。本文以整个汽车行业为背景,对美国通用公司、同行业竞争对手具体财务数据进行分析,指出实施成本领先战略的必要性。然后,从市场细分及目标成本设计、内部加强成本控制、注重固定成本控制、确定比竞争对手相对低的成本四个方面具体分析成本领先战略目标。本文旨在突出成本领先战略对汽车行业的重要作用,为汽车企业的发展提供独到的见解。

  4. 40 CFR Table 1 to Subpart B of... - Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) Content Limits for Automobile Refinish Coatings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Limits for Automobile Refinish Coatings 1 Table 1 to Subpart B of Part 59 Protection of Environment... Automobile Refinish Coatings Pt. 59, Subpt. B, Table 1 Table 1 to Subpart B of Part 59—Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) Content Limits for Automobile Refinish Coatings Coating category Grams VOC per liter...

  5. Information, complexity and efficiency: The automobile model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Allenby, B. [Lucent Technologies (United States)]|[Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

    1996-08-08

    The new, rapidly evolving field of industrial ecology - the objective, multidisciplinary study of industrial and economic systems and their linkages with fundamental natural systems - provides strong ground for believing that a more environmentally and economically efficient economy will be more information intensive and complex. Information and intellectual capital will be substituted for the more traditional inputs of materials and energy in producing a desirable, yet sustainable, quality of life. While at this point this remains a strong hypothesis, the evolution of the automobile industry can be used to illustrate how such substitution may, in fact, already be occurring in an environmentally and economically critical sector.

  6. Gestão de informações de custos para a atividade de importação em uma indústria automobilística Management of cost information for importation in an automotive industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josmária Lima Ribeiro de Oliveira

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta os resultados de um estudo de caso desenvolvido em uma indústria automobilística no Brasil. A pesquisa teve como objetivo descrever o sistema de estimação de custos utilizado pela empresa para as atividades de importação de peças, componentes e equipamentos. No setor automobilístico, a atividade de importação é constante e, portanto, requer um processo ágil e preciso, para que as atividades operacionais não sejam comprometidas pela falta de insumos. A coleta de dados foi realizada por meio de entrevistas não estruturadas, questionários semi-estruturados e análise documental das planilhas utilizadas para a estimação dos custos. Com o estudo foi possível descrever todas as etapas do processo de importação da indústria automobilística e analisar o sistema de estimação de custos utilizado. Este artigo apresenta uma contribuição para a compreensão da atividade de importação e da respectiva estimação de custos em uma empresa de produção automotiva, e revela a complexidade da ação de compra organizacional no mercado internacional. Conclui-se que, apesar da relevância da importação, a empresa não utiliza sistemas formais e depende apenas de planilhas.A case study was made of the cost estimation system used in an automotive company in Brazil for importation of parts, components and equipment for vehicle assembly. Importation is an important and ongoing activity here requiring an agile and effective process to avoid shortages that cripple activity. A description of the importation sequence and an analysis of the system for cost estimation were carried out. Data were obtained by non-structured interviews and questionnaires as well as an analysis of cost estimation spreadsheets. Despite the complexity of organizational purchasing in the international market and the relevance of this activity, the company has no formal systems and depends only on spreadsheets to estimate and control all the costs

  7. 北京汽车产业“集团化发展”二次创业探索%An exploration on grouping development of Beijing automobile industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐和谊

    2012-01-01

    以北汽集团为依托的北京汽车产业,在过去十年跨越式发展的基础上,面对国际、国内汽车产业发展的新形势,以建设成为具有自主创新能力,拥有自主核心技术,形成有国际影响力的自主品牌,具备持续发展潜力和国际竞争力的大型汽车企业集团为目标,以打造自主品牌乘用车为突破口,全面建立北汽集团自主创新体系,探索"集团化发展"二次创业的新路子。%After 10 years leap-forward development,Beijing automotive industry backed on Beijing Automotive Group now faced new domestic and international situation.Aiming at growth as a large scale automobile enterprise group with independent innovation capability,independent core technology,independent brand,sustainable growth potential and international competitiveness,breaking through building an independent passenger car brand,Beijing automotive industry has explored the new path for second venture—grouping development,and established independent innovation system.

  8. Protective Clothing Part 4. Industrial Environments (A Bibliography with Abstracts)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1976-04-01

    Heat pipes NTIS/PS-75/316/OGSB NTIS/PS-75/317/8GSB Heliostats , Solar energy concentrators NTIS/PS-75/690/8GSB Hematuria NTIS/PS-75/260/OGSB...8217 working operat determined that the wear personal clothing of the heat stress problem. Rec regulations set forth by industrial hygiene practi any...Criteria, Inspection, Standards, Recommendations, Industrial hygiene, Oil refineries. Insulation, Heat stress. Protective clothing IDENTIFIERS

  9. Study on Milk-run Routing of Automobile Parts Based on 3PL%基于3PL的汽车零部件循环取货路径研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴瑶

    2014-01-01

    对汽车零部件入厂物流循环取货特点分析的基础上,建立了有硬时间窗和容量约束的车辆路径优化模型,并采用改进节约算法对该问题进行求解。通过算例验证,算法能获得满意解,且简明、操作性强。%Based on surveys about the characteristics of milk-run for automobile parts inbound logistics, a capacitated vehicle routing optimization model with hard time windows is built and solved by an improved Clark-Wright algorithm. Through the verification of an example, the satisfactory answer is got and shows the algorithm is concise and operable.

  10. Industry Wage Surveys: Banking and Life Insurance, December 1976. Part I--Banking. Part II--Life Insurance. Bulletin 1988.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barsky, Carl

    This report presents the results of a survey conducted by the Bureau of Labor Statistics to determine wages and related benefits in (1) the banking industry and (2) for employees in home offices and regional head offices of life insurance carriers. Part 1 discusses banking industry characteristics and presents data for tellers and selected…

  11. A Modeling Method of Agent Based on Milk-run in Automobile Parts%基于Agent的汽车零部件循环取货模型

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    屈新怀; 盛敏; 丁必荣

    2013-01-01

    Milk-Run,as a new method in supply system management in automobile pasts inbound logistic,can be considered as a kind of complex adaptive system.It is composed of suppliers,3PL,and automobile firm.According to its conceptual model,the agent-based model method has been used.After define the research purpose,the abstract lever of these agents focus on the corporate sector in the milk-run system,such as the product Agent,purchase Agent,schedule Agent etc.First to analysis the internal model of all agents,then to adopt the formalization description method to describe the agent behaviors.At last interactive processing between these agents are been explained in Agent UML.Apparently,the agent-based modeling method has a strong performer on the principle of milk-run system.It will be easy to achieve the simulation about the milk-run based on the agent model.%汽车零部件的循环取货模式作为一种新型物料供应体系,是由供应商、3PL、主机厂多个主体组成,属于复杂适应性系统.根据循环取货的概念模型,采用多Agent建模理论对循环取货进行建模.将目标系统的Agent粒度抽象为企业级以下的职能部门,设计生产Agent、采购Agent、调度Agent等几类主体.分析Agent内部模型,并采用形式化方法对主体行为进行描述,应用Agent UML分析主体之间的动态交互行为.基于Agent的建模描述了循环取货的运行机制,从而为后续的计算机仿真实现提供基础.

  12. Environmentally Benign Automobiles

    OpenAIRE

    Sperling, Daniel; Schipper, Lee; Deluchi, Mark; Wang, Quanlu

    1992-01-01

    His dream has come true. There's now more than one vehicle for every licensed driver in the United States, and other developed countries are not far behind. But has the car's success created the conditions for its own demise? Conventional wisdom of market researchers, consultants, and other experts is that the automobile and its petroleum-powered internal combustion engine will be with us for a long time and that any energy and environmental problems can be readily solved. T...

  13. Auto Parts Market Potential Coming into Surface

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Guo Yan

    2008-01-01

    @@ Looking at the increasingly fierce competition in the world auto market,global automobile manufacturing industry,taking Europe,the U.S.and Japan as representatives,is gradually forming a new type of relationship,mutual cooperation between whole vehicle and parts manufacturers.

  14. 改进的雷达图理论在汽车行业综合竞争力评价中的应用%The Application of Advanced Radar Chart Theory on Assessment for Synthetic Competition of Automobile Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李杰; 张甫仁

    2011-01-01

    通过对汽车行业的深入分析,确立了以企业经济效益和企业管理水平两个方面共计20个基础指标的综合评价指标体系。改进了传统雷达图理论存在的问题,并建立了企业综合竞争力评价的评价模型和方法。其分析结果能直观、合理地反映出汽车行业的综合状况,反映出其在同行企业中的竞争力排行。将为汽车行业的自我完善和提高提供科学合理的参考,也为不同的工业企业进行综合比较与评价提供了一种新的方法。%Through analyzing for automobile industry, the synthetic assessment system with 20 indexes based on the economic benefit and management level, have been established in this paper. Based on the advanced radar chart theory, the synthetic assessment model and the method of grey synthetic assessment are established. This method can reflect the synthetic situation of the industry, distinctly and rationally. This will provide scientific and reasonable references for self perfecting and advancing, and this will offer a new method for compartment and assessment for different industries and corporations.

  15. China's Auto Parts Industry Has Experienced 3 Periods Over The Past 30 Years

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    The following was a keynote speech of the CAAM at an annual conference on the auto parts industry. 1.The first stage:to introduce the advanced technologies to localize car parts. In the mid 1980's,the auto industry began introducing the car and truck

  16. 49 CFR 523.4 - Passenger automobile.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Passenger automobile. 523.4 Section 523.4... ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION VEHICLE CLASSIFICATION § 523.4 Passenger automobile. A passenger automobile is any automobile (other than an automobile capable of off-highway operation)...

  17. Space Industrialization: Manufacturing and Construction Activities. Part 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Story, Charles H.

    1983-01-01

    Discusses how space industrialization will provide direct benefits for our nation and will transfer technology to the many diverse areas of human activity. Examples are the development of the Space Shuttle, the Space Studies Institute, and the LS Society (advocates for colonizing space). (NRJ)

  18. The Research on Integrated Strategy of Supply Chain Information Systems in the Automobile Industry Based on Order-To-Delivery Mode

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Ming; Gan, Lianzhen; He, Xuefeng

    The automotive industry there are different degrees of impairment of many companies supply chain IT strategy. In this paper, in which the automotive industry supply chain management business cooperation between enterprises loose, poor exchange of information leading to the presence or delays in product customization, supply of raw materials, material control, production planning and control, sales and service and a fast response propose a series of typical problems of scientific and rational supply chain information integration strategy. The strategy through the development system integration platform, improve internal ERP system, implementation of supply chain management and other methods. Put some protection principles in the information process, to ensure the correct implementation of supply chain IT strategy, and ultimately achieve collaborative business development concept and enhance the automotive industry as a whole level of information.

  19. Seleção de projetos Seis Sigma: aplicação em uma indústria do setor automobilístico Six Sigma project selection: an application in an automotive industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Machado Fernandes

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available O Seis Sigma vem ganhando, cada vez mais, espaço nas empresas como uma metodologia bastante eficaz à solução de problemas estruturais através da diminuição da variação de processos e fornecimento de produtos e serviços dentro das necessidades dos clientes. A principal forma com que se busca atingir tal objetivo é através do desenvolvimento de projetos de melhorias. Sendo assim, um tema bastante importante a ser discutido é o processo de seleção de tais projetos, que serão gerenciados através desta metodologia. Neste artigo é apresentada uma análise em uma indústria do setor automobilístico, quanto ao seu processo de seleção de projetos Seis Sigma. Deste trabalho foi possível constatar influência positiva do referido processo no desenvolvimento dos projetos, por exemplo, quanto ao tempo médio de desenvolvimento e ganhos financeiros obtidos, o que vem de encontro ao que a literatura tem sinalizado.Six Sigma Methodology has been growing, each day, in the industrial environment as a very efficient tool to solve structural problems through the reduction of process variation and through the supply of service and product in compliance with customer requirements. The main way to achieve this goal is through improvement projects. This way, a very important topic to be discussed is the selection of those projects that will be managed by this methodology. This article presents an application in an automotive industry, regarding its process of Six Sigma project selection. From this study it was possible to prove the existence of a positive influence in the referred process, in project development, for example, regarding the average development time and financial improvements, as the literature reviewed here has shown.

  20. The automobile after tomorrow

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guzzella, L. [Swiss Federal Inst. of Technology (ETH), Zurich (Switzerland)

    1996-11-01

    This talk discusses the technical options available for automobiles within the next 5 to 10 years. With the objective to reduce consumption and pollution, several alternative approaches are presented and analyzed using simplified but realistic calculations. Main emphasis is laid on CO{sub 2} emission of the complete energy transformation path from the primary energy carrier to the energy dissipated in test cycles. It is shown that no single optimal solution exist but that a trade-off between consumption, pollution and cost must be made for each specific situation. (author) 17 figs., 2 tabs.

  1. 废旧汽车回收再利用产业发展环境分析与对策思考——以铜陵市为例%Industry Development Environment and Strategy Analysis on Scrapped Automobile Retrieval and Reuse——Case Study of Tongling

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李国威; 江志斌; 杨雷; 汪国春; 隆惠君

    2013-01-01

    Developing scrapped automobile retrieval and reuse industry is one important measure for energy saving and e-mission reduction. However, there is no uniform model for automobile retrieval and reuse industry development. The paper uses Tongling city as a case to analyze and evaluate industry development environment from the perspectives of policy environment, industry opportunity and correlative industry status. Based on the above analysis and evaluation, three pieces of advices are given for industry development which are fetching in leader enterprises, founding industry park and realizing value - added high resource management through internet of things.%发展废旧汽车回收再利用产业是我国节能减排的一项重要措施,但是,发展废旧汽车回收再利用产业无一统一模式.以铜陵市为例,从政策环境、产业机遇、地区关联产业基础等角度分析评价产业发展环境,并在此基础上从引进龙头企业、构建产业园区以及通过物联网实现价值增值的高精度管理三方面探讨其产业发展对策.

  2. 中国汽车产业技术学习模式研究%A STUDY ON TECHNOLOGY LEARNING MODES OF CHINESE AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    艾少伟; 苗长虹

    2011-01-01

    Technological learning of China's auto industry is one of the most important components to build the Chinese national innovation system. From the basic pattern of point of view, the new landscape of technological learning of China's auto industry is the result that the late-development advantage of domestic company and technological advantage of foreign invested enterprise shape together, but the foreign invested enterprise plays the leading role. The auto industry clusters increasingly agglomerate in the metropolitans of Yangtze River Delta,Pearl River Delta and Bohai Rim. The whole and individual differences exist in learning efficiency of the auto industry. The technical level and self-development capacity ascend steadily in general. There are two consistent strategic orientations, that is, joint orientation and restructuring orientation, in joint venture mode, private enterprise mode, reorganization mode and merger and acquisition mode. However, the policies play the decisive role in the nature of these modes. The strategy of "exchange market for technology" leads to the dependence, but "going out" strategy promotes self-development of China's auto industry. In learning performance, joint venture mode greatly differs fiom private enterprise mode. The former focuses on "exploit" with "joint + independence",the latter more focuses on "explore" with "independence + cooperation" and it is more positive for long-term development of China's auto industry.%中国汽车产业技术学习是构建国家创新体系的重要组成部分.通过文献分析、基本统计分析和定性分析后发现:在基本格局上,内资后发优势与外资技术优势共同塑造的中国汽车产业技术学习新景观导致了外 资在竞争格局中具有主导地位,汽车产业日益向三大都市圈集聚,但学习效率上存在行业整体和个体差异,其技术水平和自主开发能力在总体上逐渐提升;在模式选择上,中国汽车

  3. 建筑创作的情与理--汽摩配检测公共服务平台暨国家质检中心方案设计%Sentiment and Rationality of Architectural Creation--Design of Public Service Platform and National Quality Inspection Center on Detection of Automobile and Motorcycle Parts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑朝灿; 陈重东

    2014-01-01

    The marketization of the construction industry, to a certain extent, led to the randomization of the building functions, homogenization of the facade and the architectural space. Taking the design of public service platform and national quality inspection center on detection of automobile and motorcycle parts as an example, the paper analyzed the basic principles of harmonization of ideal and scientific nature, simplicity and complexity, randomness and texture of architectural creation, reveals the lack of the subject status of the building design, proposing sentiment and rationality of the architectural creation.%建筑的市场化,一定程度上导致了建筑功能的随意化、立面造型的同质化及建筑空间的匀质化。本文以“汽摩配检测公共服务平台暨国家质检中心”方案设计为例,分析了理想性与科学性、矛盾性与统一性、简单性与复杂性、随机性与肌理性等建筑创作的基本原则,反思建筑设计主体地位的缺失,呼唤建筑师创作的情与理。

  4. Nanotechnology patents in the automotive industry (a quantitative & qualitative analysis).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prasad, Raghavendra; Bandyopadhyay, Tapas K

    2014-01-01

    The aim of the article is to present a trend in patent filings for application of nanotechnology to the automobile sector across the world, using the keyword-based patent search. Overviews of the patents related to nano technology in the automobile industry have been provided. The current work has started from the worldwide patent search to find the patents on nanotechnology in the automobile industry and classify the patents according to the various parts of an automobile to which they are related and the solutions which they are providing. In the next step various graphs have been produced to get an insight into various trends. In next step, analysis of patents in various classifications, have been performed. The trends shown in graphs provide the quantitative analysis whereas; the qualitative analysis has been done in another section. The classifications of patents based on the solution they provide have been performed by reading the claims, titles, abstract and full texts separately. Patentability of nano technology inventions have been discussed in a view to give an idea of requirements and statutory bars to the patentability of nanotechnology inventions. Another objective of the current work is to suggest appropriate framework for the companies regarding use of nano technology in the automobile industry and a suggestive strategy for patenting of the inventions related to the same. For example, US Patent, with patent number US2008-019426A1 discusses the invention related to Lubricant composition. This patent has been studied and classified to fall under classification of automobile parts. After studying this patent, it is deduced that, the problem of friction in engine is being solved by this patent. One classification is the "automobile part" based while other is the basis of "problem being solved". Hence, two classifications, namely reduction in friction and engine were created. Similarly, after studying all the patents, a similar matrix has been created.

  5. 汽车维修业发展现状及对策研究%Status and Countermeasures for the Development of Automobile Maintenance Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    寇照; 樊梦欣

    2012-01-01

    随着我国经济的持续发展,汽车市场也呈现出一片繁荣景象.繁荣的汽车市场给汽车维修业的发展带来了机遇.本文阐述了我国汽车维修业发展的现状,分析了我国汽车维修业发展过程中普遍存在且亟待解决的问题,并研究出了相应的解决方法.%With China's sustained economic development, the automotive market is also showing a prosperity situation. The prosperity of the automotive market has brought opportunities for the development of the automotive maintenance industry. This paper describes the status of the development of China's automotive maintenance industry, analyzes the problems to be solved in the development process, and comes up with related solutions.

  6. Pozzolanic properties of residues of sugar industries (first part

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martirena-Hernández, J. F.

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available Non altered straw and sugar cane bagasse ash (CPC, CBC collected directly from the boilers in the sugar industry and from non-controlled burning in the open fields turned up to be a reasonably good pozzolana, which can be utilized for the manufacture of lime-pozzolana binders. This paper presents a detailed survey of this material with the aim to use it as raw material in the manufacture of binders.

    Las cenizas de bagazo y paja de caña de azúcar (CPC, CBC, obtenidas en forma inalterada directamente de las calderas de la fábrica de azúcar, y de la quema incontrolada en el campo, representan una interesante fuente de puzolana reactiva, con potencialidad de ser usada en la preparación de aglomerantes del tipo cal/puzolana. El trabajo que se presenta realizó una evaluación integral de estas puzolanas, con el interés de utilizarlas como materia prima en la producción de aglomerantes.

  7. 77 FR 63917 - WTO Dispute Settlement Proceeding Regarding China-Certain Measures Affecting the Automobile and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-17

    ... Subsidies and Countervailing Measures (``SCM Agreement''). In addition, it appears that China has failed to... Measures for the Administration of National Export Bases of Automobiles and Parts and Components (for Trial... Administration of National Export Bases of Automobiles and Parts and Components (Revised Draft); MOFCOM,...

  8. Process Integration Design Methods for Water Conservation and Wastewater Reduction in Industry. Part 3: Experience of Industrial Application

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wenzel, Henrik; Dunn, Russell; Gottrup, Lene

    2002-01-01

    This paper is Part 3 in a three part series of papers addressing operational techniques for applying mass integration principles to design in industry with special focus on water conservation and wastewater reduction. The presented techniques derive from merging US and Danish experience with indu......This paper is Part 3 in a three part series of papers addressing operational techniques for applying mass integration principles to design in industry with special focus on water conservation and wastewater reduction. The presented techniques derive from merging US and Danish experience...... with industrial applications of process integration, as a result of a recently established co-operation between the US companies Solutia Inc., Cleaner Process Technologies Inc., and McSwain Engineering Inc. and the Technical University of Denmark. Parts 1 and 2 covered design techniques for any number......’s experience with defining the scope of the system and with identifying water flow constraints and water quality constraints is discussed. It is shown, how physical constraints for the system design often set a limit for the sophistication of the water recycle network and thereby also a limit for how...

  9. Automobile active suspension system with fuzzy control

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘少军; 黄中华; 陈毅章

    2004-01-01

    A quarter-automobile active suspension model was proposed. High speed on/off solenoid valves were used as control valves and fuzzy control was chosen as control method . Based on force analyses of system parts, a mathematical model of the active suspension system was established and simplified by linearization method. Simulation study was conducted with Matlab and three scale coefficients of fuzzy controller (ke, kec, ku) were acquired. And an experimental device was designed and produced. The results indicate that the active suspension system can achieve better vibration isolation performance than passive suspension system, the displacement amplitude of automobile body can be reduced to 55%. Fuzzy control is an effective control method for active suspension system.

  10. Características estruturais, relacionais e gerenciais na cadeia de suprimentos de um condomínio industrial na indústria automobilística Structural, relational and managerial characteristics in supply chain of a condominium in the automotive industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sílvio Roberto Ignácio Pires

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Nas últimas décadas, a contribuição da indústria automobilística tem sido muito representativa em termos de inovações na gestão da cadeia de suprimentos, tais como aquelas contempladas nos modelos de consórcio modular e de condomínio industrial. Este artigo apresenta os resultados de uma pesquisa envolvendo diferentes configurações na estrutura de relacionamento entre uma montadora de automóveis e alguns de seus fornecedores, em uma cadeia de suprimentos da indústria automobilística que utiliza o modelo de condomínio industrial. O propósito principal foi verificar, empiricamente, algumas das implicações que a configuração da cadeia de suprimentos exerce sobre elementos importantes na sua gestão, tais como: tipos de relacionamentos, processos logísticos, planejamento de produtos, gestão da produção e medição de desempenho. Os resultados corroboram que a configuração da cadeia é fator determinante na forma como se conduz o relacionamento da montadora com seus fornecedores, influenciando, significativamente, os elementos considerados na análise.In the last decades the contribution of the automotive industry has been very representative in terms of innovations in supply chain management, such as those of the modular consortium and industrial condominium models. In this context, this article presents the findings of a research involving distinct configurations in the relationship structure of an automaker and some of its suppliers in an automotive industry supply chain which uses the industrial condominium model. The main objective was to empirically ascertain some of the implications of the supply chain configuration in important elements of its management, such as the types of relationships, logistic processes, product planning, production management, and performance assessment. The findings confirm that the supply chain configuration is a determining factor in how the automaker's relationship with its suppliers is

  11. Alternative propulsion for automobiles

    CERN Document Server

    Stan, Cornel

    2017-01-01

    The book presents – based on the most recent research and development results worldwide - the perspectives of new propulsion concepts such as electric cars with batteries and fuel cells, and furthermore plug in hybrids with conventional and alternative fuels. The propulsion concepts are evaluated based on specific power, torque characteristic, acceleration behaviour, specific fuel consumption and pollutant emissions. The alternative fuels are discussed in terms of availability, production, technical complexity of the storage on board, costs, safety and infrastructure. The book presents summarized data about vehicles with electric and hybrid propulsion. The propulsion of future cars will be marked by diversity – from compact electric city cars and range extender vehicles for suburban and rural areas up to hybrid or plug in SUV´s, Pick up´s and luxury class automobiles.

  12. 49 CFR 523.3 - Automobile.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Automobile. 523.3 Section 523.3 Transportation..., DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION VEHICLE CLASSIFICATION § 523.3 Automobile. (a) An automobile is any 4-wheeled... pounds and less than 10,000 pounds gross vehicle weight are determined to be automobiles: (1)...

  13. 19 CFR 148.39 - Rented automobiles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Rented automobiles. 148.39 Section 148.39 Customs... automobiles. (a) Importation for temporary period. An automobile rented by a resident of the United States... (HTSUS) (19 U.S.C. 1202), without payment of duty. The automobile shall be used for the transportation...

  14. Vehicles motors and environment; Moteurs automobiles et environnement

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dionnet, F.

    2005-07-01

    This paper presents the problem of the pollutants emission by the motors of automobiles. The european regulations lead the automotive industry to develop research programs to decrease the emission level more and more difficult to raise. He discusses the new catalysts, the diesel engines, the direct injection and the natural gas fuels. (A.L.B.)

  15. Technology Demonstration of General Black box Standard for Automobiles (GBSA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kishor R

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available GBSA is an upcoming proposal towards Automobile industry and to the federal governing bodies around the world. Here we are intent to create a disciplinary system to save city sons from accident death and to abolish insurance piracy. The proposal is actually developed from the loss of mankind in society but pulled by technology and humanity facts..

  16. High oil price compel automobile to 'slim',Light metal castings enjoy great popularity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ The fuel consumption of automobiles has a close relationship with their weight, and due to short supply and high prices of energy sources, numerous automakers are trying every means to make the automobile "slim" (or less heavy).According to available data, every 100-kg reduction in automobile weight will result in a 0.3-liter gasoline saving for every hundred kilometers of driving. Therefore, automobile parts with light weight, thin wall, excellent dimensional accuracy and high strength and toughness become the development trend.

  17. Medição de desempenho em cadeias de suprimentos: um estudo na indústria automobilística Performance measurement in supply chains: a study in the automotive industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mário Sacomano Neto

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Muito da base conceitual sobre medição de desempenho nas empresas industriais foi construído sob a perspectiva interna, ou seja, empresas tratadas individualmente. Com o advento e expansão do conceito de gestão da cadeia de suprimentos, cresceu a demanda por uma revisão do conhecimento e dos sistemas de medição à luz da cadeia como um todo. Por sua vez, a introdução dos novos arranjos produtivos na indústria automobilística, como os condomínios industriais, estimulou o desenvolvimento de novos padrões de relacionamento nas cadeias de suprimentos, trazendo consigo novas formas de se conduzir a gestão de desempenho entre empresas. Nesse contexto, a pesquisa realizada teve como propósito principal identificar a ocorrência e analisar as principais características da medição de desempenho em uma representativa cadeia de suprimentos da indústria automobilística brasileira, a qual utiliza um sistema de montagem do tipo condomínio industrial. A pesquisa teve um caráter exploratório, descritivo, e a coleta de dados foi realizada principalmente por meio de entrevistas (seguindo um questionário semiestruturado com executivos envolvidos com o tema de estudo nas referidas empresas. Como principal resultado, a pesquisa não identificou a ocorrência de um sistema único de medição de desempenho da cadeia de suprimentos estudada. O constatado é que o sistema de medição de desempenho interno da montadora desdobra-se a montante e a jusante, com claras implicações nos sistemas de medição de desempenho dos quatro fornecedores e da concessionária estudados. A partir dos indicadores de desempenho das empresas, pode-se constatar que as medidas a montante são fortemente direcionadas para os aspectos operacionais relacionados à qualidade, produção e desempenho das entregas e as medidas a jusante apresentam um caráter mais estratégico e mercadológico. Também, tem-se que a medição de desempenho na cadeia tende a ser mais

  18. HIDDEN MARKOV MODELS WITH COVARIATES FOR ANALYSIS OF DEFECTIVE INDUSTRIAL MACHINE PARTS

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Monthly counts of industrial machine part errors are modeled using a two-state Hidden Markov Model (HMM) in order to describe the effect of machine part error correction and the amount of time spent on the error correction on the likelihood of the machine part to be in a “defective” or “non-defective” state. The number of machine parts errors were collected from a thermo plastic injection molding machine in a car bumper auto parts manufacturer in Liberec city, Czech Re...

  19. An Innovative Approach to Enhancing the Sustainable Development of Japanese Automobile Suppliers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chia-Nan Wang

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The Japanese automobile industry has been hit sharply by the economic downturn of recent decades. The rise in costs and decline in sales have led to serious problems in the auto industry. In order to address these issues, most companies engage in downsizing and redesigning production operations. It is crucial to investigate the time wasted by replacing assembly boards occurring in manufacturing lines. Therefore, the aim of this study was to provide an integrated approach, Teoriya Resheniya Izobreatatelskih Zadatch (TRIZ, to providing efficient solutions for the automobile industry. The first step of this methodology is to detail the technical problems using the Function and Attribute Analysis (FAA model. Secondly, a contradiction matrix and the inventive principle were applied to find the solutions. In this study, an auto part supplier named Sumi-Hanel located in Hanoi, Vietnam, was taken as a case study; the empirical results showed that waste time had been reduced to 67%, nearly 8400 square meters was saved, and a 20% cost reduction was achieved by reusing old frames. The research proves that the combination of TRIZ and lean manufacturing successfully increases production performance and reduces waste due to technological advancements.

  20. DEVELOPMENT OF INTEGRATED OPTIMISATION METHOD FOR SAFETY INVENTORY OF GENERAL PARTS OF AUTOMOBILES%汽车共用零部件安全库存综合优化技术的开发

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马苏; 张海峰

    2012-01-01

    To achieve lowest comprehensive cost of the integrated supply-chain, steel enterprises need to improve related inventory management abilities along with the implementation of differentiated service policy improvement to automobile sheet users. Therefore, we present a set of integrated optimisation methods for car' s general parts safety inventory, which gives full consideration to the particularity of the general parts, proceeds from the optimised selection of safety factor, and also takes into account the scale advantages of integrated entity and the flexibility of individuals. The method can rationally select the basic safety coefficient according to the proportion of the specific part used in cars of different types to the total amount of general parts. Related technology has been adopted on-site, and it achieves the reduction of safety inventory to the maximum extent in precondition of ensuring the inventory secure, this effectively cuts down the cost in inventory management and brings about preferable large economic benefits for enterprise, therefore is worth further promotion.%随着各钢铁企业提升对汽车板用户差异化服务方针的实施,为实现整体供应链的综合成本最低,需要提高相应的库存管理能力.为此,充分考虑到共用零部件的特殊性,从对安全系数的优化选择入手,同时兼顾整体的规模优势与个体灵活性,提出一套新的汽车共用零部件安全库存综合优化方法,可根据各车型中该零件占共用件总量的比例对基础安全系数进行合理选择.相关技术已被现场所采用,实现在保证库存安全前提下最大程度地降低安全库存量,有效地减少了库存管理方面的支出,为企业带来较大经济效益,具有进一步推广的价值.

  1. Is “Market for Technology” Strategy Successful? Empirical Study Based on China' s Automobile Industry%“市场换技术”成功了吗?——基于中国汽车产业的经验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄乃文; 杨永聪

    2012-01-01

    Although the "market for technology" strategy can promote the expansion of the scale of Chinas automobile industry , it has failed to promote the upgrade of the technical capacity. Large gap of independent innovation capability still exists between the domestic and foreign auto companies. The empirical results also show that Chinas automobile industry is still in the extensive growth mode. The correlation between operating performance and capability of independent innovation is low. Meanwhile, the adjustment of Chinese industrial policy can do help to promote the auto companies to engage in innovation activities.%研究发现,“市场换技术”的策略虽然促进了中国汽车产业规模的扩张,但是并未能推动技术能力的升级.本土汽车企业仍以模仿创新为主,自主创新能力与国外汽车企业之间仍然存在着较大的差距.实证检验的结果也表明,中国汽车产业仍处于粗放型的增长模式,经营绩效和自主创新能力之间的关联度较低.同时,中国产业政策的调整有利于推动汽车企业进行自主创新活动.

  2. Automobile Driver Fingerprinting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enev Miro

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Today’s automobiles leverage powerful sensors and embedded computers to optimize efficiency, safety, and driver engagement. However the complexity of possible inferences using in-car sensor data is not well understood. While we do not know of attempts by automotive manufacturers or makers of after-market components (like insurance dongles to violate privacy, a key question we ask is: could they (or their collection and later accidental leaks of data violate a driver’s privacy? In the present study, we experimentally investigate the potential to identify individuals using sensor data snippets of their natural driving behavior. More specifically we record the in-vehicle sensor data on the controllerarea- network (CAN of a typical modern vehicle (popular 2009 sedan as each of 15 participants (a performed a series of maneuvers in an isolated parking lot, and (b drove the vehicle in traffic along a defined ~ 50 mile loop through the Seattle metropolitan area. We then split the data into training and testing sets, train an ensemble of classifiers, and evaluate identification accuracy of test data queries by looking at the highest voted candidate when considering all possible one-vs-one comparisons. Our results indicate that, at least among small sets, drivers are indeed distinguishable using only incar sensors. In particular, we find that it is possible to differentiate our 15 drivers with 100% accuracy when training with all of the available sensors using 90% of driving data from each person. Furthermore, it is possible to reach high identification rates using less than 8 minutes of training data. When more training data is available it is possible to reach very high identification using only a single sensor (e.g., the brake pedal. As an extension, we also demonstrate the feasibility of performing driver identification across multiple days of data collection

  3. 长春市汽车产业开发区妊娠期糖尿病的流行病学调查%Epidemiological investigation on gestational diabetes mellitus in development area of automobile industry in Changchun

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丽萍; 李杰; 王晓梅; 单秀娟; 李晓波; 寇长贵; 刘雅文

    2011-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the incidence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in development area of automobile industry in Changchun, analyze the related risk factors of GDM, provide a theoretical basis for early recognition, diagnosis and intervention. Methods:The general conditions and clinical data of 857 pregnant women receiving prenatal examination were collected, glucose screening was carried out at 24 ~28 gestational weeks, the cases with positive results or high risk factors of GDM received 75g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), all the data investigated were input into SPSS12. 0 software and analyzed. Results: The abnormal rate of glucose screening during pregnancy was 20. 37% ( 174/854), the incidence of gestational impaired glucose tolerance (GIGT) was 1.75% ; the incidence of GDM was 1.28%, the total incidence of GDM was 3.03%. Single factor analysis showed that age, body mass index (BMI) and the history of GDM were related to GDM; multifactor logistic analysis also showed that the history of GDM, age and BMI were the high risk factors of GDM. Conclusion:The prevalence rate of GDM in development area of automobile industry in Changchun is sinilar to the data reported in other areas in China; BMI, the history of GDM and age are the high risk effect factors of GDM; the screening of GDM should be enhanced, the women with high risk factors of GDM should be paid more attention to; early diagnosis, early intervention and systematical management may improve the pregnancy outcomes and the quality of birth population obviously.%目的:调查长春市汽车产业开发区妊娠期糖尿病的发病情况,分析导致妊娠期糖尿病的相关危险因素,为临床早期识别、诊断和干预提供理论依据.方法:收集接受产前检查的857例孕妇的一般情况和临床资料,并于孕24~28周进行糖筛查,对筛查阳性者或具有GDM高危因素者行75g口服葡萄糖耐量试验(OGTT),将调查到的信息录入SPSS 12.0进行分

  4. HIDDEN MARKOV MODELS WITH COVARIATES FOR ANALYSIS OF DEFECTIVE INDUSTRIAL MACHINE PARTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pornpit Sirima

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Monthly counts of industrial machine part errors are modeled using a two-state Hidden Markov Model (HMM in order to describe the effect of machine part error correction and the amount of time spent on the error correction on the likelihood of the machine part to be in a “defective” or “non-defective” state. The number of machine parts errors were collected from a thermo plastic injection molding machine in a car bumper auto parts manufacturer in Liberec city, Czech Republic from January 2012 to November 2012. A Bayesian method is used for parameter estimation. The results of this study indicate that the machine part error correction and the amount of time spent on the error correction do not improve the machine part status of the individual part, but there is a very strong month-to-month dependence of the machine part states. Using the Mean Absolute Error (MAE criterion, the performance of the proposed model (MAE = 1.62 and the HMM including machine part error correction only (MAE = 1.68, from our previous study, is not significantly different. However, the proposed model has more advantage in the fact that the machine part state can be explained by both the machine part error correction and the amount of time spent on the error correction.

  5. Pressupostos da gestão da cadeia de suprimentos: evidências de estudos sobre a indústria automobilística Main assumptions of supply chain management: evidence from studies of the automotive industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alceu Gomes Alves Filho

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available O desenvolvimento de abordagens para estudo de cadeias de suprimentos é relativamente recente e vem sendo tratado em periódicos científicos, de modo sistemático, apenas a partir do final dos anos 80. Neste artigo, são apresentados, inicialmente, os principais pressupostos da abordagem que ficou conhecida como Gestão da Cadeia de Suprimentos (GCS. Em seguida, procura-se ilustrar, a partir de uma revisão parcial de trabalhos realizados sobre a indústria automobilística, em que medida tais pressupostos podem, ou não, ser verificados. Constatando que apenas em alguns casos o conjunto de pressupostos tende a se tornar realidade, sugere-se que seja desenvolvida uma etapa metodológica inicial para a verificação de tais pressupostos ou para a avaliação das características estruturais e relacionais da cadeia de suprimentos a ser estudada. Procurando contribuir para o desenvolvimento dessa primeira etapa metodológica, faz-se uma breve síntese de algumas correntes teóricas que podem oferecer subsídios para a análise das características estruturais e relacionais principais da cadeia de suprimentos. Tal análise auxilia a avaliar o contexto em que princípios e técnicas da GCS poderão ser propostos e implementados e, também, pelo menos parcialmente, os resultados que poderão ser alcançados.The development of approaches for research on supply chains is fairly recent, since they only began to be studied systematically in the late 1980's. This paper begins with an overview of the main assumptions of the Supply Chain Management (SCM approach. Based on a partial review of the empirical literature on the automotive industry, the paper then examines whether these assumptions can be confirmed in practice. Since the reviewed literature does not indicate that the aforementioned SCM assumptions have been concretized in the automotive industry, we propose that an initial methodological step be developed to help researchers identify the

  6. The organization of the automotive industry in an international context: a cost functions frontiers approach; L'organisation de la production automobile dans un contexte international: une approche par les fonctions frontieres de cout

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pompeigne, J

    2003-07-15

    The international automotive industry is under pinned by a dual recurrent movement of concentration and internationalization of the production. Its recent scale was the consequence of a set of strategies developed by the major auto-makers to cope with two exogenous phenomenon affecting the automotive industry. On one hand, we are talking about the saturation of the traditional automotive markets (North America, Western Europe and Japan). On the other hand, the increasing severity of the major regulations concerning the industry, notably the ones about environmental protection, is involved. The first part of the dissertation is first devoted to underline these two exogenous phenomenon, then the major strategies adopted by the auto-makers to face them are defined. Finally, the analysis turns on the resulting increase of the concentration and of the internationalization of the production. We focus on this last point and on the problem of international location of industrial activities faced by the auto-makers because of it. The second part is about providing an empirical framework to help solving these problems through parametric stochastic cost production frontiers and cost-efficiency levels. For this purpose, the analytical foundations of both of these notions are introduced, then several empirical estimation methods of a cost frontier are exposed. Finally, these methods are used to treat two real examples illustrating some of the problems about the international location of the productive activities of a major auto-maker. The point for him is to choose the most favorable configuration of its industrial system, by comparing the competing solutions through their respective cost-efficiency levels. The benefit of using additional data analysis methods to draw these comparisons is shown. (author)

  7. 40 CFR 600.315-82 - Classes of comparable automobiles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 29 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Classes of comparable automobiles. 600... 1977 and Later Model Year Automobiles-Labeling § 600.315-82 Classes of comparable automobiles. (a) The Secretary will classify automobiles as passenger automobiles or light trucks (nonpassenger automobiles)...

  8. 40 CFR 600.315-08 - Classes of comparable automobiles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 29 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Classes of comparable automobiles. 600... 1977 and Later Model Year Automobiles-Labeling § 600.315-08 Classes of comparable automobiles. (a) The Secretary will classify automobiles as passenger automobiles or light trucks (nonpassenger automobiles)...

  9. The Hybrid Automobile and the Atkinson Cycle

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feldman, Bernard J.

    2008-01-01

    The hybrid automobile is a strikingly new automobile technology with a number of new technological features that dramatically improve energy efficiency. This paper will briefly describe how hybrid automobiles work; what are these new technological features; why the Toyota Prius hybrid internal combustion engine operates on the Atkinson cycle…

  10. 49 CFR 176.90 - Private automobiles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Private automobiles. 176.90 Section 176.90 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation PIPELINE AND HAZARDOUS MATERIALS SAFETY... § 176.90 Private automobiles. A private automobile which is carrying any Class 1 (explosive)...

  11. 日系车萎缩对我国自主品牌汽车的影响效应评估%Opportunities and Challenges of Chinese Brands from the Share Decline of Japanese Brands in the Automobile Manufacturing Industry of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高锡荣; 何洁

    2015-01-01

    This paper analyzes the influence of the share decline of Japanese brands on Chinese brands using the month data of the automobile manufacturing industry of China from July 2010 to December 2013.The regression analysis showed that the regressive coefficients of Japanese brands to Chinese brands are negative in all levels of cars,which demonstrated that the share decline of Japanese brands was objectively favorable for Chinese brands in the automobile manufacturing in-dustry of China although the effects being stronger for the low-end cars.In fact,the opportunities from the share decline of Japanese brands had been grabbed by Chinese brands only in the low-end automobile market but not in the middle and top grade ones,which suggested that the technical capacity of Chinese brands had been very low in the middle and top grade automobile market,and a new national innovation system must be set up to promote the upgrade of the native brand cars in China.%运用2010年7月以来的42个月月度数据,分析了日系车萎缩对我国自主品牌汽车的市场影响。回归分析显示,日系车对自主品牌的回归系数在各级别车型上都是显著为负,这说明日系车的萎缩在客观上是有利于自主品牌的,但这种效应主要体现在低档车型上。实际的情况亦表明,在日系车萎缩所产生的市场机会当中,自主品牌主要抓住了低档车型的机会,而基本无力抓住中、高档车型的机会。研究暗示,自主品牌在中、高档轿车市场上的技术能力严重不足。为促进自主品牌的提档升级,需整体设计我国的创新制度,全方位改善我国的创新环境。

  12. Bundled automobile insurance coverage and accidents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Chu-Shiu; Liu, Chwen-Chi; Peng, Sheng-Chang

    2013-01-01

    This paper investigates the characteristics of automobile accidents by taking into account two types of automobile insurance coverage: comprehensive vehicle physical damage insurance and voluntary third-party liability insurance. By using a unique data set in the Taiwanese automobile insurance market, we explore the bundled automobile insurance coverage and the occurrence of claims. It is shown that vehicle physical damage insurance is the major automobile coverage and affects the decision to purchase voluntary liability insurance coverage as a complement. Moreover, policyholders with high vehicle physical damage insurance coverage have a significantly higher probability of filing vehicle damage claims, and if they additionally purchase low voluntary liability insurance coverage, their accident claims probability is higher than those who purchase high voluntary liability insurance coverage. Our empirical results reveal that additional automobile insurance coverage information can capture more driver characteristics and driving behaviors to provide useful information for insurers' underwriting policies and to help analyze the occurrence of automobile accidents.

  13. High efficient ammonia heat pump system for industrial process water using the ISEC concept. Part 2

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olesen, Martin F.; Madsen, Claus; Olsen, Lars

    2014-01-01

    The Isolated System Energy Charging (ISEC) concept allows for a high efficiency of a heat pump system for hot water production. The ISEC concept consists of two water storage tanks, one charged and one discharged. The charged tank is used for the industrial process, while the discharged tank...... modelling of the heat pump and tank system is performed (in continuation of Part I). The modelling is extended to include the system performance with different natural refrigerants and the influence of different types of compressors....... is charging. The charging of the tank is done by recirculating water through the condenser and thereby gradually heating the water. The modelling of the system is described in Part I [1]. In this part, Part II, an experimental test setup of the tank system is reported, the results are presented and further...

  14. Computed tomography as a tool for tolerance verification of industrial parts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Müller, Pavel; Cantatore, Angela; Andreasen, J.L.;

    2013-01-01

    results of tolerance verification of a plastic housing for an insulin pen manufactured by Novo Nordisk A/S. Calculation of measuring uncertainties was taken into account in decision making regarding the specified tolerance limits. Variables in terms of CT systems, data sets, and evaluation software......Computed tomography (CT) is becoming an important technology for industrial applications, enabling fast and accurate control of manufactured parts. In only a few minutes, a complete 3D model of a part may be obtained, allowing measurements of external and internal features. This paper presents...

  15. Relação entre montadoras e fornecedores: modelos teóricos e estudos de caso na indústria automobilística Brasileira Relationship between assemblers and suppliers: theoretical models and case studies in the Brazilian auto industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosangela Maria Vanalle

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Novas formas de relacionamento e de operação entre empresas participantes de uma mesma cadeia de suprimentos vêm sendo praticadas com o intuito de melhorar as condições competitivas da cadeia. A indústria automobilística é um exemplo marcante de uma indústria na qual as relações entre as empresas têm se renovado profundamente, motivadas principalmente pela influência das montadoras nos fornecedores primários, que por sua vez atuam junto a seus próprios fornecedores, formando uma aliança competitiva a partir das visões de negócio das montadoras. Este artigo tem como objetivo estudar as relações entre montadoras e fornecedores do parque industrial automobilístico brasileiro, por meio de estudos de caso, com a finalidade de se constatar a possibilidade de haver uma tendência à formação de uma nova tipologia relacional entre esses atores. Foram realizadas visitas técnicas em 14 empresas fornecedoras de montadoras, para levantamento de informações acerca das principais características estruturais e da relação entre montadora e fornecedor na indústria automobilística brasileira. As entrevistas foram realizadas com profissionais em nível gerencial ou de diretoria das áreas de produção, logística e suprimentos, desenvolvimento de produto e processo, compras e recursos humanos. Os resultados obtidos revelaram que as relações dependem de características institucionais do fornecedor, da complexidade da tecnologia dos componentes, da capacidade produtiva e da história das relações entre cliente e fornecedor. Foi possível concluir também que as relações entre cliente e fornecedor nas empresas pesquisadas estão mais próximas das características de um modelo associativo, com relações contratuais de longo prazo e grande interdependência, mas o preço ainda é utilizado como o principal critério ganhador de pedido na seleção de fornecedores pelas montadoras.New forms of relationship and transaction between

  16. 数控机床产业强势增长%Robust growth of NC machine tool industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ The machine tool industry is an industry which provides production equipment for the equipment manufacturing industry, and the machine tool is the parent machine for equipment manufacturing, playing a key part in the industry.The equipment manufacturing industry, for example, the automobile industry, uses more than 60% of its fixed asset investment in the purchase of machine tools.The numerical control (NC)machine tool, as a mainstream product of the machine tool sector, has become a key piece of equipment for achieving modernisation of equipment manufacturing.It is the realistic requirement to speed up development of NC machine production for the development of China's equipment manufacturing industry.

  17. Automobile accessories: Assessment and improvement

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jackson, M. [Univ. of Nevada, Las Vegas, NV (United States)

    1995-11-01

    With mandates and regulatory policies to meet both the California Air Resources Board (CARB) and the Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles (PNGV), designing vehicles of the future will become a difficult task. As we look into the use of electric and hybrid vehicles, reduction of the required power demand by influential automobile components is necessary in order to obtain performance and range goals. Among those automobile components are accessories. Accessories have a profound impact on the range and mileage of future vehicles with limited amounts of energy or without power generating capabilities such as conventional vehicles. Careful assessment of major power consuming accessories helps us focus on those that need improvement and contributes to attainment of mileage and range goals for electric and hybrid vehicles.

  18. Divorce your car: ending the love affair with the automobile

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alvord, K.

    2000-07-01

    This book is a guide for people wishing to liberate themselves from their addiction to cars and the automobile culture. It is a repository of examples and actions that individuals and communities can take to reduce dependence on the automobile. The range of possibilities run from using cars less to not owning one at all. The book provides a humorous yet clear-headed approach to a greener world and maps out the road to how people can live happily ever after by breaking free of 'auto-cracy', without insisting on people in car-dependent countries quit their automotive addiction instantly. Nevertheless, it clearly articulates the connection between automobiles, their arteries (i.e. highways) and effluents (i.e. greenhouse gases and particulate emissions), and the increasing number and severity of natural disasters between the urban renewal and freeway construction that, in the author's view, helped ignite the riots in Watts, Newark and Detroit. The disastrous societal and geophysical effects of the automobile are demonstrated in great abundance, and the mountain of evidence of the systematic abuse of the planet that the book provides is a stunning refutation of the notion that technology is neutral. The automobile is accused of being not only the linchpin of Western and primarily American industrialism and resource extraction, it is also accused of being the chief suspect in a century-long theft of time, conviviality and beauty. How to bring about a change in people's love affair with their cars is difficult to comprehend but this author has a multitude of useful suggestions which seem to suggest that it is possible. There is a list of 104 'selected references' and an extensive list of 'other resources'.

  19. MERCURY IN ATMOSPHERE OVER RURAL, URBAN AND INDUSTRIAL PARTS OF ZAGREB CITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ladislav A. Palinkaš

    1990-12-01

    Full Text Available In recent years Zagreb city encounters severe pollution problems in aquatic, terrrestrial and atmospheric environment. A random or permanent monitoring of some inorganic gaseous pollutants in atmosphere has already been organized and published alsewhere. By means of a sophisticated mercury vapor analyser with a Zeeman effect background corrector, however, continuous registration along two traverses (monitoring routes over rural, urban and industrial parts of Zagreb has been elaborated for the first lime. Data show strong anthropogenic influence in the Žitnjak industrial area. The anomaly high 105 ngm Hg, on the 22 October moved slightly to downtown by change of wind direction on the 31 October. Intensity raised as much as 155 ngm Hg, 13 times augmented in comparison to a background value on the Medvednica mountain. Explanation should be sought in denser public traffic, change of wind direction and lowering of atmospheric pressure.

  20. 无渣免水洗有机膜前处理剂在汽车零部件中的应用%Application of dreg- and rinse-free organic film pretreatment agent to automobile parts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾云梅; 叶法军

    2014-01-01

    介绍了一种不含磷、无渣、免水洗的有机膜前处理剂。这种产品由脂肪酸皂胺、复合耐高温缓蚀剂、活性成膜剂、多聚螯合剂和齐聚物经特殊工艺配制而成,产品中含有极性强大的─O─、─NHn、═C═O、─CO─O─等基团,能与金属表面发生牢固的配位。与磷化、锆盐硅烷陶化处理相比,该有机膜前处理剂的处理温度为0~40°C,处理时间30~60 s,可省去加温设备、除渣槽、污水处理等设备,综合处理成本最低,只有磷化的62%左右。以该有机膜前处理剂处理后的漆膜附着力为0级,经过264 h的中性盐雾试验后附着力为1级,冲击强度为50 kg·cm,可作为磷化的替代技术应用于喷漆或喷粉的汽车零部件的前处理。%A phosphate-, dreg- and rinse-free organic film pretreatment agent was introduced, which is prepared by a special process with fatty acid soap amine, high temperature-resistant composite corrosion inhibitor, active film-forming agent, polymeric chelating agent, and oligomer, and contains strong polar groups such as ─O─, ─NHn, ═C═O, and─CO─O─ resulting in a firm coordination with metal surface. Compared with the phosphating and zirconium salt-silane composite conversion, the treatment temperature of the organic film pretreatment agent is operated at 0-40 °C for 30-60 s, and has a lowest comprehensive cost (only 62%of the cost of phosphating) due to the unnecessity of heater, dreg removal tank, and wastewater treatment facilities. The film obtained by using the organic film pretreatment agent features an impact strength of 50 kg·cm as well as an adhesion strength grade 0 as prepared and grade 1 after neutral salt spray test for 264 h. The organic film treatment agent is an alternative to phosphating for pretreatment of automobile parts prior to spray painting or powder coating.

  1. 49 CFR 523.5 - Non-passenger automobile.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Non-passenger automobile. 523.5 Section 523.5... ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION VEHICLE CLASSIFICATION § 523.5 Non-passenger automobile. A non-passenger automobile means an automobile that is not a passenger automobile or a work truck and...

  2. Hierarchical functional model for automobile development; Jidosha kaihatsu no tame no kaisogata kino model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sumida, S. [U-shin Ltd., Tokyo (Japan); Nagamatsu, M.; Maruyama, K. [Hokkaido Institute of Technology, Sapporo (Japan); Hiramatsu, S. [Mazda Motor Corp., Hiroshima (Japan)

    1997-10-01

    A new approach on modeling is put forward in order to compose the virtual prototype which is indispensable for fully computer integrated concurrent development of automobile product. A basic concept of the hierarchical functional model is proposed as the concrete form of this new modeling technology. This model is used mainly for explaining and simulating functions and efficiencies of both the parts and the total product of automobile. All engineers who engage themselves in design and development of automobile can collaborate with one another using this model. Some application examples are shown, and usefulness of this model is demonstrated. 5 refs., 5 figs.

  3. 车主需求的部分增值服务分析%Analysis of Part of Value-added Services Based on the needs of Automobile Owners

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王飞

    2016-01-01

    The needs of automobile owners for after-sales service differ in different social classes. Based on Maslow’s Hierarchical Theory of Needs(from basic needs to high level needs in specific), this paper analyzes several kinds of familiar and popular services according to the mode and current developing situation of automobile after-sales service. At first, the author analyzes main service items of the current automobile after-sales services and in which the proportion value-added services count for; then it comes to the overview of the general present situation of value-added services; in the next place the author summarizes the items of several kinds of value-added services and the relevant group of people; In the end this paper presents some recommendations for value-added services based on the needs of automobile owners.%车主人群来自社会各个阶层,其对汽车售后服务的需求呈现多样化。文章以汽车售后服务模式及现状为背景,从车主需求出发,结合马斯洛的需要层次理论,从车主的基本需求逐渐到高级需求,分析几种常见的、最受关注的汽车增值服务。笔者首先分析了目前的汽车主要服务模式的服务内容,以及各种模式中增值服所占的比重;其次对增值服务的总体现状进行概述;再详细分析总结了几种增值服务的内容及适合的车主群;最后,提出了基于车主需求的增值服务实现建议。

  4. Opportunities for energy harvesting in automobile factories

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adegoke, E. I.; Edwards, R. M.; Whittow, Will; Bindel, Axel; Peca, Marco

    2016-04-01

    This paper investigates the opportunities of deploying distributed sensors within the manufacturing environment of a large scale automobile plant using energy harvesting techniques. Measurements were taken in three domains at the plant in order to characterize ambient energy. Due to the location of the plant, the RF power density for radio access technologies present varied between -127 dBm/cm2 and -113 dBm/cm2. The maximum temperature difference measured within accessible distance from machine parts on the production lines surveyed was 10°C. Indoor lighting was dominant at the plant via fluorescent tubes, with average irradiance of 1 W/m2. The results obtained from this measurement campaign showed that indoor lighting was the most suitable ambient source for energy harvesting.

  5. Thoughts about automotive industry in 2050 with respect to the objective of division by 4 of CO{sub 2} emissions; Reflexions sur l'automobile de 2050 face a l'objectif de division du CO{sub 2} par le facteur 4

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Douaud, A.

    2005-07-01

    The long-term strategy of the automotive industry is to minimize its CO{sub 2} emissions and to progressively abandon petroleum. Today, the diesel technology is the most efficient in terms of CO{sub 2} emissions and the hybrid technology will be the medium-term challenge with the development of biofuels and synthetic fuels from biomass. According to the author, there is no certitude that the hydrogen fuel cell will be tomorrows' automobile engine and the nuclear option would be necessary to produce huge quantities of hydrogen without CO{sub 2} emissions. The alternate strategies with interesting potentialities remain the electric-powered vehicle supplied with batteries or supplied with methanol fuel cells, methanol being obtained by biomass transformation. (J.S.)

  6. Roadway Automobile Stability. A Numerical Study

    OpenAIRE

    Nikolov, Svetoslav; Nedev, Valentin; Bachvarov, Stefan

    2008-01-01

    A mathematical model of the roadway automobile motion is numerically analyzed. This model is intended to describe the roadway automobile stability. A previous paper [6] described the model in detail and the general method of qualitative analysis. In the present paper, we continue the discussion of stability by numerical simulations and the specific question we attempted to answer is: which parameter(s) of automobile geometry and quality of the roadway can serve as a reliable predictor(s) for ...

  7. The construction of a Danish automobile culture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wagner, Michael

    The aim of this article is to discuss the way the automobile was introduced and promoted as a vehicle for modern leisure life in Denmark 1900-1970., and to demonstrate how automobilism was constructed around an ideology of consumption for leisure and recreation.......The aim of this article is to discuss the way the automobile was introduced and promoted as a vehicle for modern leisure life in Denmark 1900-1970., and to demonstrate how automobilism was constructed around an ideology of consumption for leisure and recreation....

  8. The Automobiles as Indoors.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Songul Acar Vaizoglu

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available In this review we aimed to attract attention to toxic chemicals in cars and their effect on health. People spend most of their times in indoors such as houses, workplaces, malls, sport centers, train, transportation vehicles (train, plane, cars. In US, citizens spend nearly 100 minutes in cars per day. There are safety problems in cars except than seatbelt and airbag. Some of these are seats, furnishing, cushions for arm and head, floor covering, accessories and plastic parts. In a study conducted in Japan, more than 160 volatile organic compounds (VOC had been determined in new cars and a three years old car. Some of the pollutants are formaldehyde, toluen, xylene, ethylbenzene and styrene. Also Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs, which may be degradated by sunshine in hot seasons are measured within the outomobiles. There is a big gap of studies about the pollutants in cars and researches have to be conducted. Manufacturers should use nonhazardous material or less toxic chemicals to reduce exposure of VOCs, PBDEs and phthalates. Drivers can reduce the these chemicals by using solar reflectors and avoiding to park under sunlight. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2010; 9(6.000: 665-672

  9. Research on Integrated Casting and Forging Process of Aluminum Automobile Wheel

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, Qi; Cao, Miao; ZHANG, DAWEI; Zhang, Shuai; Sun, Jue

    2014-01-01

    Integrated casting and forging process (ICFP) is a new manufacturing method combining the advantages of both casting and forging. Aluminum structure parts, such as aluminum alloy automobile wheel, with complex shape and excellent mechanical properties can be produced by this process. The effects of different process parameters on the ICFP of the automobile wheel were simulated by Forge software. Microstructure of forging region and the nonforging region were studied by experiment. The results...

  10. Factors Affecting Green Supply Chain Operational Performance of the Thai Auto Parts Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Korrakot Yaibuathet Tippayawong

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available In this work, operational performance in the green supply chain management (SCM of the Thai auto parts industry was investigated. A green supply chain performance measurement (GSPM model was developed from the combination of various concepts including an SCM logistics scorecard, a supply chain operations reference model, a balance scorecard, and green supply chain management. The GSPM has been designed for use as a self-evaluation tool focusing on five decisive areas, or factors, and 28 sub-factors. A factor analysis was conducted using the survey results of the GSPM in order to identify significant factors that represent the green supply chain operation performance. Grouped as three major factors, namely green procurement, green transportation, and green manufacturing; reverse logistics and eco-design; and reuse and recycle of manufacturing, their significance and impact on the auto parts industry in Thailand were highlighted. Specifically, the factor of green procurement, green transportation, and green manufacturing, as major factor 1, in relation with the factor of reverse logistics and eco-design, as major factor 2, were found to have a strong positive relationship with the asset turnover ratio.

  11. Anhui Jianghuai Automobile Group Co., Ltd.

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

      Anhui Jianghuai Automobile Group Co., Ltd (hereafter referred to as "Jiangqi Group"),established on May 18, 1997 with approval of Anhui provincial government, is one of 12 key provincial owned enterprises. Its predecessor was Hefei Jianghuai Automobile Factory built in 1964.……

  12. Anhui Jianghuai Automobile Group Co., Ltd.

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ Anhui Jianghuai Automobile Group Co., Ltd (hereafter referred to as "Jiangqi Group"),established on May 18, 1997 with approval of Anhui provincial government, is one of 12 key provincial owned enterprises. Its predecessor was Hefei Jianghuai Automobile Factory built in 1964.

  13. CRUISE FUZZY CONTROL FOR AUTOMOBILE WITH CVT

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    To develop cruise control system of an automobile with the metal pushing V-belt type CVT, the dynamic model of automobile travelling longitudinally is established, and the fuzzy controller of control system is designed. Considering uncertainty system parameter and exterior resistance disturbances, the stability of controller is investigated by simulating. The results of its simulation show that the fuzzy controller designed has practicability.

  14. Analysis of Contribution of Automobile Transportation Fleets to Development of Logistics Industry Based on C-D Model%基于拓展的C-D模型的汽车运输对物流产业发展的贡献分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程源

    2013-01-01

    为了对以汽车运输为主的中国物流业展开深入研究,采用态势宏观分析与计量模型分析相结合的方法进行综合研究.通过态势宏观分析,明确了以汽车运输为主的中国物流业的整体发展趋势.鉴于该分析方法无法进行量化定位的不足,通过引入C-D模型并将其适当拓展,利用拓展的C-D模型进行实证分析研究.通过对构建的基于拓展的C-D模型的深入分析,确定了汽车运输与物流产业之间的关联性.并就此模型确定了汽车运输对物流产业发展的贡献度,通过对贡献度分析,找到了提升中国物流产业发展的途径,最终通过提出对策建议,将该途径给予明确化.%In the paper,in order to have an in-depth analysis on the Chinese logistics industry which mainly utilized automobile transportation,we adopted the comprehensive research method that combined macroscopic trend analysis and econometric model analysis:through the macroscopic trend analysis,we clarified the overall trend of the development of the Chinese logistics industry and in view of the inability of the analysis in quantitative positioning,we introduced the C-D model to properly extend it.Using the extended model,we determined the correlation between automobile transportation and logistics industry as well as the contribution of the former to the latter,on the basis of which we found the path to improve the Chinese logistics industry and proposed the corresponding suggestions and countermeasures.

  15. Municipal strategies for introducing housing on industrial estates as part of compact-city policies in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Korthals Altes, W.K.; Tambach, M.

    2009-01-01

    Promoting mixed-use development is part of policies aimed at enhancing urban quality. Until recently, however, industry and housing have rarely been found together in the same development as there is a long tradition of keeping these functions separate. As part of a compact-city policy, Dutch local

  16. Automobile ride quality experiments correlated to iso-weighted criteria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Healey, A. J.; Young, R. K.; Smith, C. C.

    1975-01-01

    As part of an overall study to evaluate the usefulness of ride quality criteria for the design of improved ground transportation systems an experiment was conducted involving subjective and objective measurement of ride vibrations found in an automobile riding over roadways of various roughness. Correlation of the results led to some very significant relationships between passenger rating and ride accelerations. The latter were collapsed using a frequency-weighted root mean square measure of the random vibration. The results suggest the form of a design criterion giving the relationship between ride vibration and acceptable automobile ride quality. Further the ride criterion is expressed in terms that relate to rides with which most people are familiar. The design of the experiment, the ride vibration data acquisition, the concept of frequency weighting and the correlations found between subjective and objective measurements are presented.

  17. 汽车底盘的保养与维修方法探讨%Discussion on maintenance and repair methods of automobile chassis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李展交

    2016-01-01

    The chassis is an important part of the car,car driven mainly by the subject,strengthen the daily maintenance of the chassis and maintenance is to extend the service life of automobile is an important way,is also promoting China's automobile production and application to achieve further technology high quality development in an effective way,realize the modern means of science and technology in the automobile industry in the development of application and innovation and development.%汽车底盘是汽车车中的重要组成部分,是汽车驱动下主要受重主体,加强对汽车底盘的日常保养和维护是延长汽车寿命的重要途径,同时也是促进我国汽车生产、应用进一步实现技术高质量发展的有效途径,实现现代科学技术手段在汽车事业发展中的应用与创新发展。

  18. Automatic 3-D Optical Detection on Orientation of Randomly Oriented Industrial Parts for Rapid Robotic Manipulation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liang-Chia Chen

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposes a novel method employing a developed 3-D optical imaging and processing algorithm for accurate classification of an object’s surface characteristics in robot pick and place manipulation. In the method, 3-D geometry of industrial parts can be rapidly acquired by the developed one-shot imaging optical probe based on Fourier Transform Profilometry (FTP by using digital-fringe projection at a camera’s maximum sensing speed. Following this, the acquired range image can be effectively segmented into three surface types by classifying point clouds based on the statistical distribution of the normal surface vector of each detected 3-D point, and then the scene ground is reconstructed by applying least squares fitting and classification algorithms. Also, a recursive search process incorporating the region-growing algorithm for registering homogeneous surface regions has been developed. When the detected parts are randomly overlapped on a workbench, a group of defined 3-D surface features, such as surface areas, statistical values of the surface normal distribution and geometric distances of defined features, can be uniquely recognized for detection of the part’s orientation. Experimental testing was performed to validate the feasibility of the developed method for real robotic manipulation.

  19. Practice and Thinking of the Automotive Industry Technology Transfer:Taking 2015 China Automobile Technology Transfer Conference as an Example%汽车行业技术转移工作的实践与思考--以2015中国汽车技术转移大会为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张程; 孙新炜; 陶芸芸

    2016-01-01

    2015 China Automobile Technology Transfer Conference is sponsored by Society of Automotive Engineers of China, Jiangsu Industrial Technology Research Institute and Suzhou Automotive Research Institute, Tsinghua University. Some institutes gave us a lot of support, such as Society of Automotive Engineers of Jiangsu, Suzhou science and Technology Bureau. Taking the form of one summit forum and two special activities and one industry alliance, the conference tries to make some innovative changes on creativity, organization, content.%文章研究的2015中国汽车技术转移大会由中国汽车工程学会、江苏省产业技术研究院和清华大学苏州汽车研究院共同主办,并得到了江苏省汽车工程学会、苏州市科技局等机构的支持。大会通过“1+2+1”(1个高峰论坛、2场特色活动和1个产业联盟)的形式,力争在创意、组织和内容上有所创新。

  20. Melhoria contínua e aprendizagem organizacional: múltiplos casos em empresas do setor automobilístico Continuous improvement and organizational learning: multiple cases in automotive industry companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Valio Dominguez Gonzalez

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available A acirrada competição, ressaltada pela disputa globalizada, exige que as organizações estabeleçam inovações cada vez mais frequentes e rápidas a fim de atender às mudanças tecnológicas, econômicas e políticas que a sociedade atravessa. Neste contexto, a melhoria contínua dos produtos e processos produtivos é necessária para manter a empresa competitiva, entretanto, muitas destas iniciativas fracassam dentro das organizações. Com o objetivo de analisar como os mecanismos de aprendizagem sustentam as atividades de melhoria, é realizada uma pesquisa de campo, baseada no estudo de caso em três empresas do setor automobilístico. O artigo conclui que, além de implantar programas e ferramentas para resolução de problemas, as organizações precisam desenvolver ambientes que estimulem a aprendizagem e a cooperação entre seus indivíduos, trabalhando no desenvolvimento dos recursos humanos para que as iniciativas de melhoria sejam, de fato, contínuas.Fierce competition, highlighted by global competition has increasingly required organizations to adopt frequent and quick innovations to meet the current technological, economic, and political changes in society. Accordingly , the continuous improvement of products and production processes is necessary to keep the company competitive. However, many of these initiatives fail in organizations. In order to analyze how the mechanisms of learning support improvement activities, a field research based on case study of three companies in the automotive sector was carried out. The article concludes that in addition to programs and tools for solving problems, organizations need to develop environments that encourage learning and cooperation among its individuals working in human resources development to achieve continuous improvement.

  1. 10 CFR 611.207 - Small automobile and component manufacturers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Small automobile and component manufacturers. 611.207... VEHICLES MANUFACTURER ASSISTANCE PROGRAM Facility/Funding Awards § 611.207 Small automobile and component... individuals; and (2) Manufactures automobiles or components of automobiles. (b) Set Aside—Of the amount...

  2. 20 CFR 416.1218 - Exclusion of the automobile.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Exclusion of the automobile. 416.1218 Section..., BLIND, AND DISABLED Resources and Exclusions § 416.1218 Exclusion of the automobile. (a) Automobile; defined. As used in this section, the term automobile includes, in addition to passenger cars,...

  3. 49 CFR 529.4 - Requirements for incomplete automobile manufacturers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Requirements for incomplete automobile... AUTOMOBILES § 529.4 Requirements for incomplete automobile manufacturers. (a) Except as provided in paragraph (c) of this section, §§ 529.5 and 529.6, each incomplete automobile manufacturer is considered,...

  4. Random torsional vibration in automobile transmissions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    The action of a road profile to the torsional vibrations in automobile transmissions is studied. The model to calculate the random torsional vibrations in the transmissions is proposed and the values of the model parameters are determined by both computation and experiment. Furthermore, the dynamic characteristics and the responses of automobile transmissions to the random excitation of road profile are calculated. The results of road experiment demonstrate that the theoretic analyses and the calculation are correct, which imply that the low frequency torsional vibrations in automobile transmissions are caused by the random excitation of a road profile.

  5. Connection with Automobile Industry and Cultivation of Automobile Specialty Groups---Taking Hunan Automotive Engineering Vocational College for Example%对接汽车产业培育汽车专业群--以湖南汽车工程职业学院为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯建军

    2015-01-01

    Connection with industrial chain and cultivation of professional groups is of great significance for vocation -al colleges to integrate with industries deeply ,optimize allocation of resources ,build characteristic brands and realize intensive management .This thesis takes Hunan Automotive Engineering Vocational College for example ,elaborated the construction of connection with industrial chain and cultivation of professional groups from five aspects ,such as the construction of core professional groups , curriculum system , training conditions , teaching staff and teaching re-sources,and puts forward some suggestions for establishment principles ,implementation steps and basic thoughts of professional groups .%对接产业链、培育专业群,对于职业院校深度融入产业、优化资源配置、打造特色品牌、实现集约化经营等具有重要意义。湖南汽车工程职业学院从核心专业群建设、课程体系构建、实训条件共建、教学团队打造、教学资源共享五个方面紧密对接汽车产业,培育汽车专业群,实现了较好发展。

  6. ABOUT CERTIFICATION IN THE AUTOMOBILE FIELD (in Russian

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victor NORDIN

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The transport industry development in the Russian Federation makes urgent the problem of transportation security, rendering qualitative services in the goods (passengers transportation field, checkup and repairing motor transport vehicle and etc. Certification is the basic mechanism the work of which should be directed not only at the conformity of service assessment at automobile transport to the specified requirements but also be a regulator of preventing negative developments due to implementing services quality and security improvement. Particularities and stages of conformity assessment are considered in the article also it is offered to differentiate transportation services in levels according to the value of their complex quality level.

  7. CONSUMER BEHAVIOR – REFERENCE ELEMENT FOR MARKET TRENDS OF AUTOMOBILE IN ROMANIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicoleta ISAC

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available The paper aims to form an overview of the current situation of the car market in Romania and based on this to highlight trends and directions towards which this important branch of manufacturing industry seen through the eyes of consumers. The consumer always seeks to compare the performance of the product, with certain standards and they have required to inform themselves and to reflect upon purchasing the product. In order to ensure business success and minimize the risk, entrepreneurs must pay major attention to defining and knowledge of the market or markets they want to act, as well as the segment of consumers that their it proposes to conquer the products and services offered. To a better analyze of the consumer behaviour we implemented a model based on a questionnaire that allows us to detect the main objectives: Identifying the attributes of an ideal car; Establishing the importance of these attributes for current and potential customers; The Dacia brand in comparison to major competing brands; Determining the factors influencing the choice of consumer. The reason I chose the automobile market is the fact that manufacturing (which includes engineering sector, whose part is the construction industry of cars is the main component industry in Romania, covering about 80% of the volume of activity in which are covered about 1.5 million people.

  8. Industry safety and policy proposal on China’s vehicle and parts sectors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CATARC

    2008-01-01

    <正>I. Importance of the vehicle industry safety China has become a big vehicle production country, but not yet a strong one. Therefore people of the industry need to strengthen their awareness on the situation.

  9. Information searches by consumers of miniature automobiles

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Dao-ping; LIU Wei

    2008-01-01

    We studied the information search behaviors of Chinese consumers of miniature automobiles. First, we identified the main sources where consumers acquire or seek information about miniature automobiles and discussed their extent of information search. Then, based on logistic regression and optimal scaling regression of statistics, we studied the influences of characteristics of consumers of miniature automobiles on the extent of information search and on Internet usage. The results indicate that consumers often utilize four sources to obtain information about miniature automobiles. The dominant information source for consumers is their friends/family, followed by dealers, newspapers, and TV. Age, occupation, education and income significantly affect the extent of information search, but gender and city of residence do not have significant impacts. Age, city of residence, occupation, education and income produce significant influences on Internet usage. Gender has an insignificant influence on whether a consumer uses the Internet to search for information.

  10. Topology Explains Why Automobile Sunshades Fold Oddly

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feist, Curtis; Naimi, Ramin

    2009-01-01

    Automobile sunshades always fold into an "odd" number of loops. The explanation why involves elementary topology (braid theory and linking number, both explained in detail here with definitions and examples), and an elementary fact from algebra about symmetric group.

  11. Aplicação da modularidade na indústria automobilística: análise a partir de um levantamento tipo survey Survey research on the application of modularity in the automotive industry in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Antonio Carnevalli

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Esta investigação tem como objetivo identificar empresas do setor automobilístico que utilizam a estratégia modular e analisar aspectos do seu uso. Para tanto, foi realizado um levantamento tipo survey com o envio de um questionário para cerca de 350 empresas deste segmento, com aproximadamente 14% de taxa de retorno. Verificou-se que a maioria das empresas tem certa experiência com a modularidade. As dificuldades para as montadoras estão principalmente na capacitação dos fornecedores. Já os fornecedores apresentam dificuldades para atender às exigências das montadoras de projetar e fabricar os módulos. Em relação aos benefícios do uso da modularidade para as montadoras, a maioria está relacionada com a terceirização de atividades para o fornecedor, tal como a transferência de custos fixos para os fornecedores. Para os fornecedores, os principais benefícios envolvem o aumento da parceria com o cliente, como ter exclusividade de fornecimento e desenvolver novas competências organizacionais.The purpose of this research is to identify automotive sector companies that use modular strategies and analyze aspects of its use. To this end, a survey research was carried out though a questionnaire sent to about 350 companies in the sector, with a response rate of nearly 14%. Results showed that most companies adopt the modularity strategy and have some experience in its use. Concerning the difficulties experienced, the major problems faced by assemblers are related to finding capable suppliers in order to use the strategy. With regard to suppliers, the difficulties are related to fulfilling automotive assemblers' new demands to modular design and manufacturing. Regarding automotive assemblers, the main benefit of adopting modularity is linked to the outsourcing of some activities to suppliers, transferring fixed costs to them. Concerning suppliers, the main benefit is the partnership increase with customers, such as exclusive supply

  12. Aplicação da modularidade na indústria automobilística: análise a partir de um levantamento tipo survey Survey research on the application of modularity in the automotive industry in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Antonio Carnevalli

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Esta investigação tem como objetivo identificar empresas do setor automobilístico que utilizam a estratégia modular e analisar aspectos do seu uso. Para tanto, foi realizado um levantamento tipo survey com o envio de um questionário para cerca de 350 empresas deste segmento, com aproximadamente 14% de taxa de retorno. Verificou-se que a maioria das empresas tem certa experiência com a modularidade. As dificuldades para as montadoras estão principalmente na capacitação dos fornecedores. Já os fornecedores apresentam dificuldades para atender às exigências das montadoras de projetar e fabricar os módulos. Em relação aos benefícios do uso da modularidade para as montadoras, a maioria está relacionada com a terceirização de atividades para o fornecedor, tal como a transferência de custos fixos para os fornecedores. Para os fornecedores, os principais benefícios envolvem o aumento da parceria com o cliente, como ter exclusividade de fornecimento e desenvolver novas competências organizacionais.The purpose of this research is to identify automotive sector companies that use modular strategies and analyze aspects of its use. To this end, a survey research was carried out though a questionnaire sent to about 350 companies in the sector, with a response rate of nearly 14%. Results showed that most companies adopt the modularity strategy and have some experience in its use. Concerning the difficulties experienced, the major problems faced by assemblers are related to finding capable suppliers in order to use the strategy. With regard to suppliers, the difficulties are related to fulfilling automotive assemblers' new demands to modular design and manufacturing. Regarding automotive assemblers, the main benefit of adopting modularity is linked to the outsourcing of some activities to suppliers, transferring fixed costs to them. Concerning suppliers, the main benefit is the partnership increase with customers, such as exclusive supply

  13. O controle dos processos logísticos, uma condição prévia para uma política do global sourcing: o caso da indústria automobilística e do varejista mundial Control of logistic processes as prerequisite to a policy of global sourcing: the cases of the automotive industry and the worldwide retailer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacques Colin

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available As empresas estão, atualmente, expostas a uma competição mundial que se intensifica pelos gigantescos movimentos de concentração realizados nos últimos quinze anos em todos os setores de atividade e pelo aparecimento de concorrentes oriundos dos novos países industrializados (China, Índia, Brasil, Europa Oriental, etc.. Grandes empresas ocidentais têm identificado rapidamente a oportunidade que representa o recurso a fornecedores oriundos destes novos países (o global sourcing. Nesta comunicação, analisamos as exigências e os desempenhos em termos de custo, de qualidade, de estabilidade, de reatividade e de flexibilidade dos processos logísticos ligados às compras mundiais em setores particularmente engajados na globalização: a indústria automobilística e o varejista mundial. Em seguida, nós proporemos uma generalização.Enterprises are nowadays exposed to a worldwide competition intensified by huge concentration movements ocurred in the last fifteen years in all economic sectors, as well by the appearance of competitors from new industrialized countries (China, India, Brazil, Eastern Europe, etc.. Large western companies have fastly identified opportunities that arise from suppliers installed in these new countries (global sourcing. In this paper we analyse requirements and performance regarding cost, quality, stability, responsiveness and flexibility of logistic processes associated to international procurement in industries specially engaged in globalization : the automotive industry and the global retailer. After that, we propose a generalization.

  14. OFF-ROAD CAPABILITY IMPROVEMENT OF MAZ-AUTOMOBILE HAVING AGRICULTURAL MODIFICATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. I. Bobrovnik

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper contains requirements to parameters of an automobile being designed with axle arrangement 6x4 and technically permissible mass of 25 tons with its all year round operation in agricultural industry with the purpose to ensure in-time load transportation and technological cycle in crop production of the agricultural complex in accordance with time schedule of the executed mechanized works. The future automobile should also have a power takeoff device.The paper presents operation chart flowsheets for cultivation of main crops on mineral and peat soils with indication of automobile motion modes and type of transported loads. Specific properties of peat-bog soils are given in the paper. The paper considers off-road capability of mobile machines when they are moving on soils with low bearing capacity. The paper indicates field applications of automobiles with limited and high off-road capability. Description of wheel interaction with bearing surface area, values of soil resistivity after multiple automobile passages have been given in the paper.The paper specifies values of rolling resistance coefficient and adhesion coefficient of the automobile undercarriage systems in spring and autumn for wheeled and crawler units. Schemes of the automobile front axle drives (electric, hydraulic, mechanical and their characteristics have been analyzed in the paper. An elastic flexible drive with separation of flow power has been proposed for reduction of dynamic loads in a power transmission drive. The paper describes a drive system of auto-analogue steering wheels with hydraulic hydrostatic drive which is located within a front wheel hub that ensure additional thrust. Recommendations for MAZ-automobile modernization with axle arrangement 6x4 have been given with the purpose to improve its off- road capability.Metallic anti-skid chain, segment and small link, track and crawler chains, wideners have obtained a wide application for improvement of automobile

  15. Automobile Industry Listing Corporation Governance Structure and Company Performance Relation Study%汽车行业上市公司治理结构与公司绩效关系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩道琴; 王储

    2012-01-01

    公司治理结构是现代企业制度的核心,是企业经营管理的关键因素,有效的公司治理结构已经成为提高公司绩效的必要条件。汽车行业作为我国工业的重要组成部门,通过研究我国汽车行业30余家上市公司治理结构与公司绩效之间的关系,采用描述性统计的方法,在公司治理理论的基础上,以股权结构、高管激励方式、董事会结构三个层面为基础来研究汽车行业上市公司治理结构与公司绩效之间的关系,最后得出结论,并以此作为依据,给汽车行业公司治理结构提出建议,以促进汽车行业公司绩效的提高。%Corporate governance structure is the core of modern corporate institution,and it is the key factor of corporate operating management.Recently,the corporate governance of China listed company need to be improved urgently.This problem has been paid great attention by the researchers.Effective corporate governance structure is the requirement of improving corporate performance.The automotive industry is an important component of China's industrial sector,and it is making great contribution to developing the economy.Doing research on the corporate governance structure of automotive industry will help perfecting the performance of Chinese automotive industry,and will help improving the corporate governance structure of other industrial sectors. By using descriptive statistics method to research the relationship between corporate governance structure and corporate performance of more than 30 listed companies in automotive industry from ownership structure,CEO compensation and board committee structure three aspects will draw a conclusion,which will be the foundation of suggesting automotive industry corporate governance structure and even other sectors of industry.

  16. Substance flow analysis and environmental releases of PBDEs in life cycle of automobiles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, Jonghyun; Jang, Yong-Chul; Kim, Jong-Guk

    2017-01-01

    Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), a class of brominated flame retardants, have been widely used in many applications in industry such as automobiles, textiles, and electronics. This study focused on a quantitative substance flow analysis (SFA) of PBDEs in automobiles in order to identify their flow by life cycle and treatment pathways of PBDEs-containing materials in end-of-life vehicles (ELVs) in Korea. In addition, this study has estimated environmental releases of PBDEs in automobiles by life cycle in Korea. During this study, PBDEs were analyzed for the samples collected from several ELVs treatment facilities using X-ray fluorescence and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) methods. The system boundary for SFA of PBDEs ranged from manufacturing/trade to disposal stage of automobiles by life cycle. Based on the result of the SFA, it was found that the amount of PBDEs in automobiles were the highest in use stage (7748ton/year), followed by production stage (1743ton/year) in 2014. In disposal stage, automobile shredded residues (ASR) and seat fabrics were the main components with relatively high levels of PBDEs in ELVs. The major treatment methods of such components included incineration (84%), energy recovery (9%), and landfilling (6%). This research indicates that PBDEs were emitted the highest amount from interior components during the use stage of automobiles, followed by recycling processes such as dismantling and shredding. This study suggests that PBDEs in ASR and seat fabrics should be properly managed to prevent the widespread dispersion in the environment.

  17. Industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bernstein, Lenny; Roy, Joyashree; Delhotal, K. Casey; Harnisch, Jochen; Matsuhashi, Ryuji; Price, Lynn; Tanaka, Kanako; Worrell, Ernst; Yamba, Francis; Fengqi, Zhou; de la Rue du Can, Stephane; Gielen, Dolf; Joosen, Suzanne; Konar, Manaswita; Matysek, Anna; Miner, Reid; Okazaki, Teruo; Sanders, Johan; Sheinbaum Parado, Claudia

    2007-12-01

    This chapter addresses past, ongoing, and short (to 2010) and medium-term (to 2030) future actions that can be taken to mitigate GHG emissions from the manufacturing and process industries. Globally, and in most countries, CO{sub 2} accounts for more than 90% of CO{sub 2}-eq GHG emissions from the industrial sector (Price et al., 2006; US EPA, 2006b). These CO{sub 2} emissions arise from three sources: (1) the use of fossil fuels for energy, either directly by industry for heat and power generation or indirectly in the generation of purchased electricity and steam; (2) non-energy uses of fossil fuels in chemical processing and metal smelting; and (3) non-fossil fuel sources, for example cement and lime manufacture. Industrial processes also emit other GHGs, e.g.: (1) Nitrous oxide (N{sub 2}O) is emitted as a byproduct of adipic acid, nitric acid and caprolactam production; (2) HFC-23 is emitted as a byproduct of HCFC-22 production, a refrigerant, and also used in fluoroplastics manufacture; (3) Perfluorocarbons (PFCs) are emitted as byproducts of aluminium smelting and in semiconductor manufacture; (4) Sulphur hexafluoride (SF{sub 6}) is emitted in the manufacture, use and, decommissioning of gas insulated electrical switchgear, during the production of flat screen panels and semiconductors, from magnesium die casting and other industrial applications; (5) Methane (CH{sub 4}) is emitted as a byproduct of some chemical processes; and (6) CH{sub 4} and N{sub 2}O can be emitted by food industry waste streams. Many GHG emission mitigation options have been developed for the industrial sector. They fall into three categories: operating procedures, sector-wide technologies and process-specific technologies. A sampling of these options is discussed in Sections 7.2-7.4. The short- and medium-term potential for and cost of all classes of options are discussed in Section 7.5, barriers to the application of these options are addressed in Section 7.6 and the implication of

  18. Post internship student-industry collaborative projects - as vehicle for the realization of challenging parts of the CDIO syllabus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Lotte Bjerregaard

    2014-01-01

    the trouble because the post internship curriculum is provided with pedagogical means to address parts of the syllabus that are on an advanced level in the learning taxonomy. The interface between the internship period and post internship student-industry collaborative projects is an important point of focus....... Inquiries into this difficult transition are presented with emphasis on the parts of the CDIO syllabus addressing System Design....

  19. Switching off and exchanging of electricity guzzlers. The automotive and suppliers industrie reduce the consumption of energy and materials by means of smart conservation technologies; Stromfresser abschalten und auswechseln. Mit cleveren Spartechniken reduziert die Automobil- und Zulieferindustrie Energie- und Materialverbraeuche

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schroeter, Stefan

    2013-05-21

    New manufacturing methods and manufacturing techniques can reduce the energy consumption and material consumption in the automotive industry and its suppliers clearly. An optimization of established manufacturing processes may be useful. However, the biggest conservations are possible if the production process is completely rethought.

  20. Technology Development Road for Chemical Fiber Industry in Ghina [Part Two

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ Ⅲ.Technology development direction for China's chemical fiber industry in the"11th Five-year Plan" period and the longer run Presently,China's chemical fiber industry is in a critical period for development,or important transition period.Fully implement and fulfill the "'scientific development concept"put forward by the nation,and take a sustainable development road.The growth model of chemical fiber industry must undergo fundamental transformation from "quantitative"development into "qualitative" development.

  1. 供应链环境下广西汽车制造业精益物流管理现状分析及应用研究%Study on Current Status and Application of Lean Logistics Management in Automobile Manufacturing Industry in Guangxi under Supply Chain Environment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王浩澂

    2015-01-01

    调查了供应链环境下广西汽车制造业在供应物流、生产物流、销售物流和回收物流各环节精益物流管理存在的问题,分析其原因,并运用精益物流管理思想和工具对整条汽车供应链进行优化和流程的完善,从而消除浪费、降低成本,为客户提供满意的物流服务。%In this paper, we investigated the problems existing in the lean practice of the supply logistics, production logistics, sales logistics and recycling logistics of the manufacturing industry in Guangxi under the supply chain environment, analyzed the underlying causes, and then used the principle and methodology of the lean management to optimize the whole process of the automobile supply chain.

  2. 13 CFR 127.500 - In what industries is a contracting officer authorized to restrict competition under this part?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false In what industries is a contracting officer authorized to restrict competition under this part? 127.500 Section 127.500 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION WOMEN-OWNED SMALL BUSINESS FEDERAL...

  3. Automotive Industry in Malaysia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wad, Peter; Govindaraju, V.G.R. Chandran

    2011-01-01

    expanded in terms of sales, production, employment and local content, but failed in industrial upgrading and international competitiveness. The failures can be attributed to (a) lack of political promotion for high challenge-high support environment, (b) low technological and marketing capabilities and (c......This paper explains the evolution and assesses the development of the Malaysian automotive industry within the premise of infant industry and trade protection framework as well as extended arguments of infant industry using a global value chain perspective. The Malaysian automotive industry......) limited participation in the global value chain. Although the Malaysian infant industry protection policy comprised many promising initiatives, the national and the overall domestic automobile industry ended up as a captive of the regionalised Japanese keiretsu system in automobile manufacturing. A new...

  4. Summary of semi-initiative and initiative control automobile engine vibration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qu, Wei; Qu, Zhou

    2009-07-01

    Engine vibration accounts for around 55% of automobile vibration, separating the engine vibration from transmitting to automobile to the utmost extent is significant for improving NVH performance. Semi-initiative and initiative control of engine vibration is one of the hot spots of technical research in domestic and foreign automobile industry, especially luxury automobiles which adopt this technology to improve amenity and competitiveness. This article refers to a large amount of domestic and foreign related materials, fully introduces the research status of semi-initiative and initiative control suspension of engine vibration suspension and many kinds of structural style, and provides control policy and method of semi-initiative and initiative control suspension system. Compare and analyze the structural style of semi-initiative and initiative control and merits and demerits of current structures of semi-initiative and initiative control of mechanic electrorheological, magnetorheological, electromagnetic actuator, piezoelectric ceramics, electrostriction material, pneumatic actuator etc. Models of power assembly mounting system was classified.Calculation example indicated that reasonable selection of engine mounting system parameters is useful to reduce engine vibration transmission and to increase ride comfort. Finally we brought forward semi-initiative and initiative suspension which might be applied for automobiles, and which has a promising future.

  5. Impact of the industrial freezing process on selected vegetables -Part II. Colour and bioactive compounds

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mazzeo, Teresa; Paciulli, Maria; Chiavaro, Emma; Visconti, Attilio; Fogliano, Vincenzo; Ganino, Tommaso; Pellegrini, Nicoletta

    2015-01-01

    In the present study, the impact of the different steps (i.e. blanching, freezing, storage following the industrial freezing process and the final cooking prior to consumption) of the industrial freezing process was evaluated on colour, chlorophylls, lutein, polyphenols and ascorbic acid content

  6. Tough & Long "Going-Out" Road——Review on the Internationalization of China's Auto Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhou Mi

    2009-01-01

    @@ In 2008,the momentum of the outward investment of Chinese enterprises was strong.The amount of outward investment continued to grow rapidly,and has for the first time exceeded US$50 billion,reaching US$55.91 billion.China's automobile industry has undergone decades of development and has formed a huge production capacity,with part of its pioneering enterprises having conducted a number of useful attempts in internationalization.

  7. Automated Sequencing and Subassembly Detection in Automobile Body Assembly Planning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    The choice of the sequence in which parts or subass em blies are put together in the mechanical assembly of a product can drastical ly affect the efficiency of the assembly process. Unlike metal cutting operation s where computer aided system have been available for some 15 to 25 years to hel p manufacturing engineers in generating cutting sequences and NC programs, the m ajority of assembly planning tasks in automobile body design is still manually p erformed by assembly designers according to their pa...

  8. Industrial wastes and public health: some historical notes, Part I, 1876-1932.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tarr, J A

    1985-09-01

    This article has focused on the relatively low priority accorded industrial wastes compared to human wastes by the public health community in the period from 1876 through 1932. The critical reason for this prioritization was the potential for acute health effects from human wastes as compared with the belief that industrial wastes had only indirect effects. State departments of health normally only responded to industrial wastes when they endangered the potable nature of water supplies or interfered with water and sewage treatment processes. Within the public health community, however, a relatively small group of interdisciplinary professionals argued for attention to the indirect health effects of industrial wastes and their impacts on the total stream environment. In conjunction with other groups interested in clean streams--such as sportsmen and manufacturers who required high quality process water--they pushed for a broader state legislative mandate in regard to pollution control. Some states created new bureaus or boards with responsibility for industrial wastes and the larger stream environment but the attack on industrial pollution remained limited in this period. The final significant development regarding industrial pollution and public health concerned the formulation by Streeter-Phelps of the Public Health Service of a theory of stream purification with a set of general quantitative indicators. This application was of particular importance in regard to the high-oxygen consuming nature of organic industrial wastes and the wide variety of effluents that existed. Industrial wastes constituted what Harvey Brooks, in his essay "Science Indicators and Science Priorities" calls a very "messy" research problem--one that does "not lend itself to elegant and widely applicable generalizations."(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

  9. Application of fuzzy analytic network process for barrier evaluation in automotive parts remanufacturing towards cleaner production

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Govindan, Kannan; Shankar, Madan; Kannan, Devika

    2016-01-01

    to hidden facts. Many researchers have explored such hidden facts in auto parts remanufacturing in developing nations and their emerging economies. However, there is a huge gap in the state-of-the-art remanufacturing practices in India, despite India's strong advancements in the automobile industry. In fact......, India's automobile industry is rapidly approaching that of China's in recent years. Although some studies are available regarding remanufacturing implementation, current research has generally failed to offer a deep analysis of the factors and barriers that exist as hurdles to such implementation...... that higher cost and lack of customer acceptance are the essential and most influential barriers in auto parts remanufacturing in an Indian scenario. This study contributes to society by assisting closed loop supply chain players to identify and eliminate the barriers to remanufacturing within the scope...

  10. RESEARCH ON MODEL AND METHOD OF NETWORK-BASED COOPERATIVE COMMERCE CHAIN IN AUTOMOBOLE INDUSTRY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiong Li; Chen Zichen; Zhang Fei; Gu Xinjian

    2003-01-01

    Based on the analysis on the development of the cooperative commerce in automobile industry, the systematic model of the cooperative commerce chain in automobile industry is illustrated,the flow of agent-based NCCC (network-based cooperative commerce chain) system is described, and the method and NCCC system in automobile industry are developed, and so the correctness and the feasibility of the theory and the method are confirmed.

  11. Outlet of Local Brand on the Context of the Introducing Foreign Investment Strategy:Analysis on the Automobile Manufacturing and Pharmaceutical Industry%“进口替代型”引资战略背景的本土品牌出路:剖析汽车制造业与制药业

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹昭晞

    2012-01-01

    东道国的引资战略可分为"出口导向型"和"进口替代型"。对我国两个"进口替代型"引资战略代表产业汽车制造与制药产业的研究发现,"进口替代型"引资战略促进了本土品牌的崛起。进一步运用迈克尔.波特的钻石模型分析我国"进口替代型"引资战略中本土品牌得以生存发展的基础条件后认为,我国本土品牌的发展应从提高安全高效地利用两个市场、两种资源的能力;整合"大产业链",构筑新的竞争优势;增强企业与外资品牌进行竞争的能力等方面着手。%The introducing foreign investment strategy of the developing in Host countries can be divided into Export-oriented and Import-substitution.After analyzing on the automobile manufacturing and pharmaceutical industry,which represents industries of China's Import-substitution introducing foreign investment strategy,the introducing foreign investment strategy has promote the rising of national brand.Using the Porter Diamond Model framework,this paper analyzes the basic conditions for survival and development of China's local brands in the Import-substitution introducing foreign investment strategy.After the analysis of the changes of the above basic conditions in recent years,this paper further proposes some recommendations on the direction of development of China's local brands,for example,enhancing their ability to using the global and national market,and global and national resources;integrating industrial chain and establishing new competition advantages;strengthen their industrial competition to foreign brands.

  12. The competitive strategies of the automobile construction enterprises: european experience and ukrainian realities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Okhrimenko Oksana Onufriivna

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The article provides a comparative evaluation of the strategic doctrines of Ukraine and the EU. On the basis of the development of the automotive industry trends tracked achievement and identifies problem areas. Factors that have a positive and a negative impact on the performance of automobile construction companies have disclosed. Components of success automobile construction industry of the EU countries analyzed. The role of national regulators in the protection and development of car manufacturers is considered. The attention focuses on the imperfect strategic goals of the domestic automotive industry. Suggestions on current strategies of Ukrainian enterprises are provided. The expediency of creation strategic alliances between Ukrainian and European automotive companies in order to attract innovative technology and promotion of products on the international markets has substantiated.

  13. The 2C Operation Scheme Based on Automobile Big Data Analysis for Road and Bridge Industry%基于大数据的路桥汽车用户线上2C运营方案研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张恒; 张磊; 程新洲; 陈崴嵬

    2016-01-01

    通过分析汽车行业的大数据现状,结合目前路桥汽车用户收费模式,提出基于大数据的汽车用户线上运营方案。该方案包括了大数据平台建设和APP业务运营全链条,通过运营商和汽车本身数据分析,形成完善的汽车用户标签,通过APP向用户提供精准的车主、广告和金融等服务,提升车主服务体验,形成基于大数据的运营服务。最后在高端车主画像和挖掘方面进行了研究,通过大数据分析,形成一套高端车主的挖掘算法,为后期精准运营提供了技术参考。%It proposes a novel online business solution for car users based on the big data analysis of automotive industry and the existing charging model of car owners. The scheme is composed of construction of big data analysis platform and APP service operat-ing application. The car owners are labeled by the analysis of user profile based on the massive data provided by telecom oper-ators and car industry. The basic operational services,such as precision advertising and financial service,are developed to en-hance the service experience of car owners. Then,a comprehensive car owner profile is analyzed based on the multi-dimen-sional big data. Final y,a novel precision marketing model is designed to improve marketing efficiency of high-end car industry.

  14. Invited Review Article: Review of post-process optical form metrology for industrial-grade metal additive manufactured parts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stavroulakis, P. I.; Leach, R. K.

    2016-04-01

    The scope of this review is to investigate the main post-process optical form measurement technologies available in industry today and to determine whether they are applicable to industrial-grade metal additive manufactured parts. An in-depth review of the operation of optical three-dimensional form measurement technologies applicable to metal additive manufacturing is presented, with a focus on their fundamental limitations. Looking into the future, some alternative candidate measurement technologies potentially applicable to metal additive manufacturing will be discussed, which either provide higher accuracy than currently available techniques but lack measurement volume, or inversely, which operate in the appropriate measurement volume but are not currently accurate enough to be used for industrial measurement.

  15. Invited Review Article: Review of post-process optical form metrology for industrial-grade metal additive manufactured parts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stavroulakis, P I; Leach, R K

    2016-04-01

    The scope of this review is to investigate the main post-process optical form measurement technologies available in industry today and to determine whether they are applicable to industrial-grade metal additive manufactured parts. An in-depth review of the operation of optical three-dimensional form measurement technologies applicable to metal additive manufacturing is presented, with a focus on their fundamental limitations. Looking into the future, some alternative candidate measurement technologies potentially applicable to metal additive manufacturing will be discussed, which either provide higher accuracy than currently available techniques but lack measurement volume, or inversely, which operate in the appropriate measurement volume but are not currently accurate enough to be used for industrial measurement.

  16. Computer simulations and experimental study on crash box of automobile in low speed collision

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Yanjie; Ding, Lin; Yan, Shengyuan; Yang, Yongsheng

    2008-11-01

    Based on the problems of energy-absorbing components in the automobile low speed collision process, according to crash box frontal crash test in low speed as the example, the simulation analysis of crash box impact process was carried out by Hyper Mesh and LS-DYNA. Each parameter on the influence modeling was analyzed by mathematics analytical solution and test comparison, which guaranteed that the model was accurate. Combination of experiment and simulation result had determined the weakness part of crash box structure crashworthiness aspect, and improvement method of crash box crashworthiness was discussed. Through numerical simulation of the impact process of automobile crash box, the obtained analysis result was used to optimize the design of crash box. It was helpful to improve the vehicles structure and decrease the collision accident loss at most. And it was also provided a useful method for the further research on the automobile collision.

  17. High repetition ration solid state switched CO2 TEA laser employed in industrial ultrasonic testing of aircraft parts

    Science.gov (United States)

    von Bergmann, Hubertus; Morkel, Francois; Stehmann, Timo

    2015-02-01

    Laser Ultrasonic Testing (UT) is an important technique for the non-destructive inspection of composite parts in the aerospace industry. In laser UT a high power, short pulse probe laser is scanned across the material surface, generating ultrasound waves which can be detected by a second low power laser system and are used to draw a defect map of the part. We report on the design and testing of a transversely excited atmospheric pressure (TEA) CO2 laser system specifically optimised for laser UT. The laser is excited by a novel solid-state switched pulsing system and utilises either spark or corona preionisation. It provides short output pulses of less than 100 ns at repetition rates of up to 1 kHz, optimised for efficient ultrasonic wave generation. The system has been designed for highly reliable operation under industrial conditions and a long term test with total pulse counts in excess of 5 billion laser pulses is reported.

  18. Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) part 6-2 : generic standards : immunity for industrial environments

    CERN Document Server

    International Electrotechnical Commission. Geneva

    2005-01-01

    Applies to electrical and electronic apparatus intended for use in industrial environments, for which no designed product or product-family immunity standard exists. Immunity requirements in the frequency range 0 Hz to 400 GHz are covered, in relation to continuous and transient, conducted and radiated disturbances, including electrostatic discharges. Test requirements are specified for each port considered. Apparatus intended to be used in industrial locations are characterized by the existence of one or more of the following: - a power network exists powered by a high or medium voltage power transformer for the supply of an installation feeding manufacturing or similar plant; - industrial, scientific and medical (ISM) apparatus; - heavy inductive or capacitive loads are frequently switched; - currents and associated magnetic fields are high.

  19. ASSES SMENT OF PREVALENCE OF HEALTH PROBLEMS AMONG AUTOMOBILE WORKERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pradeep P.

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The global automotive repair and maintenance service industries are expected to be worth almost $306 billion by 2015. The automotive service sectors currently are having employees an estimated 787 , 77702 and increasing at rate of 12% per annum. AIMS & OBJECTIVES: ( 1 To assess the prevalence morbidities among automobile workers (2 To increase the awareness about safety (PPE at work place (3 To motivate about social security schemes coverage. MATERIAL & METHODS: A cross - sectional study was carried out in the territory area of IMSR M edical C ollage of Satara districts. The total no of 117 participants were included for the study. A pretested , predesigned Prof o rma was used to collect the Information’s under supervisi on & analyzed & interpreted with help of percentages & chi square test. RESULT: About 32.76% were only having less than 10 years of service. 68.41% of subjects have dropped their study before high school. Only 25.74% have their own garage , along with 29.25 % of subjects were having specialized training. PPE was available with 29.25% of subjects. Stress , Muscle/bony pain & dyspepsia along with bowl disorders were significant morbidities observed. CONCLUSION: P revalence of morbidities is significant in this st udy & need more medical attention towards automobile workers.

  20. 38 CFR 17.156 - Eligibility for automobile adaptive equipment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... automobile adaptive equipment. 17.156 Section 17.156 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL Automotive Equipment and Driver Training § 17.156 Eligibility for automobile adaptive equipment. Automobile adaptive equipment may be authorized if the Under Secretary for Health...

  1. 38 CFR 3.808 - Automobiles or other conveyances; certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Automobiles or other....808 Automobiles or other conveyances; certification. (a) Entitlement. A certificate of eligibility for financial assistance in the purchase of one automobile or other conveyance in an amount not exceeding...

  2. Bitter Operation in Global Steel Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Sujuan

    2009-01-01

    @@ Shrinking international demand Global economy started to decline from the second half of 2008. Along with weak real estate market and dull automobile sales, steel industry fell into stagnant operation after six-year-straight rapid development.

  3. Thermo-mechanical process modelling of industrially pultruded parts having UD and CFM layers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Baran, Ismet; Hattel, Jesper H.; Akkerman, Remko

    2014-01-01

    Numerical process simulation of an industrially pultruded rectangular hollow profile is presented. The product contains the continuous filament mat (CFM) and the uni-directional(UD) roving layers made of glass/polyester. The distortion and stress evolutions together with the temperature and degree o

  4. Newly added joint ventures in China’s auto parts industry in 2007

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>A total of 17 joint ventures on auto parts production were added in 2007, a slight increase year on year. The Chinese side partners were from FAW, SAIC, Beiqi and Sinotruk and foreigner partners were from Lear, Johnson Controls, ArvinMeritor, DEUTZ, FAURECIA and RICARDO. The planed products include car seat, interior, diesel engine, body electronics parts, transmission and bumper.

  5. 32 CFR 220.11 - Special rules for automobile liability insurance and no-fault automobile insurance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Special rules for automobile liability insurance and no-fault automobile insurance. 220.11 Section 220.11 National Defense Department of Defense... OF REASONABLE CHARGES FOR HEALTHCARE SERVICES § 220.11 Special rules for automobile...

  6. Active Engine Mount Technology for Automobiles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahman, Z.; Spanos, J.

    1996-01-01

    We present a narrow-band tracking control using a variant of the Least Mean Square (LMS) algorithm [1,2,3] for supressing automobile engine/drive-train vibration disturbances. The algorithm presented here has a simple structure and may be implemented in a low cost micro controller.

  7. American Automobile and Light Truck Statistics Update

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feldman, Bernard J.

    2014-01-01

    Given that transportation is an essential topic in any Physics and Society or Energy course, it is necessary to have useful statistics on transportation in order to have a reasoned discussion on this topic. And a major component of the transportation picture is the automobile. This paper presents updated transportation statistics for American…

  8. Projections of automobile ownership and use based on household lifestyle factors. [To year 2025

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sharp, D.P.

    1979-03-01

    This report projects to the year 2025 the total number of automobiles that would be owned by American households, (total ownership) and the total number of miles that these vehicles would be driven per day (total use) given certain assumptions about the future of U.S. society. These assumptions relate to demographic, economic, and geographical attrributes of U.S. society that are relevant to the automobile. The impacts of these assumptions were analyzed via a set of projection models which explicitly recognize the relationship between these particular attributes of society and the automobile. Part I presents an overivew of the research and Part II the results. The methodology used to generate the projections is discussed in some detail in Part III. In a base case projection the number of automobiles and average daily travel of Americans double by 2025 due to increases in populaion, headship rates (households per population), and incomes. economic variables account for about half of this increase as indicated by a no economic growth projection in which ownership and daily travel increase just over 40% and 50%, respectively. Other projections explore the effects of differing assumptions regarding rates of household formations, population growth, and income growth. Model projections suggest that changed work schedules and the re-emergence of cities as growth areas will have only slight impacts on future travel and vehicle ownership.

  9. DESIGNING OF AN AUTOMOBILE FLEET NETWORK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. B. Ivut

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Investment volume is considered as an important factor in regional development under current conditions. Logistical infrastructure which ensures a complex transport, distributive, information and other services exerts a significant influence on regional investment attractiveness. Lack of clear vision on development and execution of development strategy for logistics infrastructure from the side of regional authorities results in unwillingness of large federal and transnational companies to provide investments in infrastructure projects. Network of automotive transport terminals is one of the main elements in logistics infrastructure. The network allows to optimize a flow of material goods from the point of their origin to the point of their consumption with the lowest possible costs and the required level of service. Automobile transport is one of the main objects of transport infrastructure and it is characterized by rather high flexibility in comparison with other types of transport facilities that preconditions its widespread application. Network of automobile fleets (terminals has been formed for redistribution of goods traffic within the concerned regions. The purpose of the present research is to develop a mathematical model for formation of transport infrastructure on the territory of regions. The paper proposes an approach for formation of automobile fleet (terminal network on the territory of a large region with due account of the established network of distribution and sorting-out warehouse facilities. A model has been developed for solving the problem pertaining to minimization of aggregate costs related to maintenance of automobile fleets, delivery of goods to and from distribution and sorting-out warehouse facilities to consumers, ferry of empty trucks and goods handling. The model makes it possible to determine optimal number and location area of automobile fleets (terminals while accounting for their possible locations, capacity

  10. Reparatory and Manufacturing Hard-Facing of Working Parts Made of Stainless Steels in Confectionary Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Rakic, S.; Lazic, V.; S. Aleksandrovic; Mitrovic, S.; R. Cukic; Milosavljevic, D; R. Nikolic

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, for the sake of improving the reparatory hard-facing technology is especially analyzed reparatory hard-facing of tools for manufacturing compressed products in confectionary industry. Those products are being made of a mixture consisting of several powdery components, which is compressed under high pressure. In that way the connection between particles is realized, thus achieving certain hardness and strength of the confectionary product. The considered tool is made of high-all...

  11. China’s Approach to Technology Acquisition: Part 1. The Aircraft Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    1975-02-01

    Manchuria , the Japanese had established an air- craft engineering industry there, the Manchu Airplane Manufacturing Company, with plants in Shenyang...Kungchuling, and Harbin . The facili- ties were modern, employed a work force of close to 10,000; and pro- duced combat aircraft and engines for the...Japanese Army. At the end of World War II when Soviet forces overran the Japanese in Manchuria , the Russians systematically stripped these plants of

  12. Thermo-mechanical process modelling of industrially pultruded parts having UD and CFM layers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Baran, Ismet; Hattel, Jesper Henri; Akkerman, Remko

    2014-01-01

    Numerical process simulation of an industrially pultruded rectangular hollow profile is presented. The product contains the continuous filament mat (CFM) and the uni-directional (UD) roving layers made of glass/polyester. The distortion and stress evolutions together with the temperature and degree...... shrinkage of the resin system during curing. The process induced residual stresses are calculated in the in-plane directions which have the potential to influence the internal stress levels during the service loading conditions....

  13. Engineering Predictions in Industrial and Power Flows Using the Retrograde Condensation Curve. Part I-Methodology

    CERN Document Server

    Labinov, Mark S

    2014-01-01

    Industrial and power systems rely on engineering predictions of the flow properties of working fluids. The paper proposes a way of the utilization of the vapor quality values along the new retrograde condensation curve in the generation of the void fraction design guidelines and reliable prediction of the saturated liquid specific volumes/densities. The new procedure eliminates the involvement of semi-empirical relationships like rectilinear diameter and other similar models.

  14. Improved automobile gas turbine engine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kofskey, M. G.; Katsanis, T.; Roelke, R. J.; Mclallin, K. L.; Wong, R. Y.; Schumann, L. F.; Galvas, M. R.

    1976-01-01

    Upgraded engine delivers 100 hp in 3500 lb vehicle. Improved fuel economy is due to combined effects of reduced weight, reduced power-to-weight ratio, increased turbine inlet pressure, and improved component efficiencies at part power.

  15. Mudanças de forecast na indústria automobilística: iniciativas para a estruturação dos processos de tomada de decisão e processamento da informação Changes in automotive industry forecasting: initiatives for structuring the processes of decision-making and information processing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frederico Roldan

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo visa identificar que aspectos da literatura corrente sobre o processo de tomada de decisões, aliados à ferramenta de Mapeamento do Fluxo de Valor (MFV - derivada da abordagem de manufatura enxuta -, podem ser aplicados ao processo de mudanças de forecast de produção na indústria automobilística. Proposições teóricas e suas implicações metodológicas são discutidas do ponto de vista prático, em um caso real no mercado brasileiro. São feitas recomendações visando melhorar este processo, trazendo maior clareza, objetividade e racionalidade, além de promover o fortalecimento da competitividade desta indústria e de sua cadeia de suprimentos. Desta forma, a idéia de combinar a aplicação da ferramenta de MFV, adaptada para processos administrativos, com sugestões baseadas em teorias descritivas e normativas da engenharia de tomada de decisão, se mostra promissora, podendo contribuir para melhorar a qualidade e eficiência no processo estudado.This paper identifies the aspects of the current literature on the decision-making process and Value Stream Mapping (VSM - a tool derived from the lean thinking approach - that can be applied to improve the process of production forecast changes in the automotive industry. The theoretical propositions and their methodological implications are discussed from the practical viewpoint, focusing on the real case of an auto manufacturer in the Brazilian market. Recommendations are made to improve this process and make it clear, objective and rational, as well as to strengthen the competitiveness of this industry and its supply chain. The idea of combining the application of VSM adapted to administrative environments and processes with suggestions based on normative and descriptive theories about decision-making engineering seems promising and may contribute to improve the quality and efficiency of this process.

  16. Biomonitoring of N-ethyl-2-pyrrolidone in automobile varnishers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koslitz, Stephan; Meier, Swetlana; Schindler, Birgit Karin; Weiss, Tobias; Koch, Holger Martin; Brüning, Thomas; Käfferlein, Heiko Udo

    2014-12-01

    N-alkyl-2-pyrrolidones are important organic solvents for varnishes in industry. This study investigates exposure to N-ethyl-2-pyrrolidone (NEP) in varnishing of hard plastic components in an automobile plant. Two specific biomarkers of exposure, 5-hydroxy-N-ethyl-2-pyrrolidone (5-HNEP) and 2-hydroxy-N-ethylsuccinimide (2-HESI), were analyzed in urine samples of 14 workers. For this purpose, pre-shift, post-shift and next day pre-shift urine samples were collected midweek. Twelve workers performed regular work tasks (loading, wiping and packing), whereas two workers performed special work tasks including cleaning the sprayer system with organic solvents containing N-alkyl-2-pyrrolidones. Spot urine samples of nine non-exposed persons of the same plant served as controls. Median post-shift urinary levels of workers with regular work tasks (5-HNEP: 0.15 mg/L; 2-HESI: 0.19 mg/L) were ∼5-fold higher compared to the controls (0.03 mg/L each). Continuously increasing metabolite levels, from pre-shift via post-shift to pre-shift samples of the following day, were observed in particular for the two workers with the special working tasks. Maximum levels were 31.01 mg/L (5-HNEP) and 8.45 mg/L (2-HESI). No clear trend was evident for workers with regular working tasks. In summary, we were able to show that workers can be exposed to NEP during varnishing tasks in the automobile industry.

  17. An Industrial-Based Consortium to Develop Premium Carbon Products from Coal Final Report - Part 5

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miller, Bruce; Shea, Winton

    2010-12-31

    Since 1998, The Pennsylvania State University successfully managed the Consortium for Premium Carbon Products from Coal (CPCPC), which was a vehicle for industry-driven research on the promotion, development, and transfer of innovative technologies on premium carbon products from coal to the U.S. industry. The CPCPC was an initiative led by Penn State, its cocharter member West Virginia University (WVU), and the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), who also provided the base funding for the program, with Penn State responsible for consortium management. CPCPC began in 1998 under DOE Cooperative Agreement No. DE-FC26-98FT40350. This agreement ended November 2004 but the CPCPC activity continued under cooperative agreement No. DE-FC26-03NT41874, which started October 1, 2003 and ended December 31, 2010. The objective of the second agreement was to continue the successful operation of the CPCPC. The CPCPC enjoyed tremendous success with its organizational structure, which included Penn State and WVU as charter members, numerous industrial affiliate members, and strategic university affiliate members together with NETL, forming a vibrant and creative team for innovative research in the area of transforming coal to carbon products. The key aspect of CPCPC was its industry-led council that selected proposals submitted by CPCPC members to ensure CPCPC target areas had strong industrial support. CPCPC had 58 member companies and universities engaged over the 7-year period of this contract. Members were from 17 states and five countries outside of the U.S. During this period, the CPCPC Executive Council selected 46 projects for funding. DOE/CPCPC provided $3.9 million in funding or an average of $564,000 per year. The total project costs were $5.45 million with $1.5 million, or {approx}28% of the total, provided by the members as cost share. Total average project size was $118,000 with $85,900 provided by DOE/CPCPC. In

  18. An Industrial-Based Consortium to Develop Premium Carbon Products from Coal Final Report - Part 3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miller, Bruce; Shea, Winton

    2010-12-31

    Since 1998, The Pennsylvania State University successfully managed the Consortium for Premium Carbon Products from Coal (CPCPC), which was a vehicle for industry-driven research on the promotion, development, and transfer of innovative technologies on premium carbon products from coal to the U.S. industry. The CPCPC was an initiative led by Penn State, its cocharter member West Virginia University (WVU), and the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), who also provided the base funding for the program, with Penn State responsible for consortium management. CPCPC began in 1998 under DOE Cooperative Agreement No. DE-FC26-98FT40350. This agreement ended November 2004 but the CPCPC activity continued under cooperative agreement No. DE-FC26-03NT41874, which started October 1, 2003 and ended December 31, 2010. The objective of the second agreement was to continue the successful operation of the CPCPC. The CPCPC enjoyed tremendous success with its organizational structure, which included Penn State and WVU as charter members, numerous industrial affiliate members, and strategic university affiliate members together with NETL, forming a vibrant and creative team for innovative research in the area of transforming coal to carbon products. The key aspect of CPCPC was its industry-led council that selected proposals submitted by CPCPC members to ensure CPCPC target areas had strong industrial support. CPCPC had 58 member companies and universities engaged over the 7-year period of this contract. Members were from 17 states and five countries outside of the U.S. During this period, the CPCPC Executive Council selected 46 projects for funding. DOE/CPCPC provided $3.9 million in funding or an average of $564,000 per year. The total project costs were $5.45 million with $1.5 million, or ~28% of the total, provided by the members as cost share. Total average project size was $118,000 with $85,900 provided by DOE/CPCPC. In addition to

  19. An Industrial-Based Consortium to Develop Premium Carbon Products from Coal Final Report - Part 4

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miller, Bruce; Shea, Winton

    2010-12-31

    Since 1998, The Pennsylvania State University successfully managed the Consortium for Premium Carbon Products from Coal (CPCPC), which was a vehicle for industry-driven research on the promotion, development, and transfer of innovative technologies on premium carbon products from coal to the U.S. industry. The CPCPC was an initiative led by Penn State, its cocharter member West Virginia University (WVU), and the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), who also provided the base funding for the program, with Penn State responsible for consortium management. CPCPC began in 1998 under DOE Cooperative Agreement No. DE-FC26-98FT40350. This agreement ended November 2004 but the CPCPC activity continued under cooperative agreement No. DE-FC26-03NT41874, which started October 1, 2003 and ended December 31, 2010. The objective of the second agreement was to continue the successful operation of the CPCPC. The CPCPC enjoyed tremendous success with its organizational structure, which included Penn State and WVU as charter members, numerous industrial affiliate members, and strategic university affiliate members together with NETL, forming a vibrant and creative team for innovative research in the area of transforming coal to carbon products. The key aspect of CPCPC was its industry-led council that selected proposals submitted by CPCPC members to ensure CPCPC target areas had strong industrial support. CPCPC had 58 member companies and universities engaged over the 7-year period of this contract. Members were from 17 states and five countries outside of the U.S. During this period, the CPCPC Executive Council selected 46 projects for funding. DOE/CPCPC provided $3.9 million in funding or an average of $564,000 per year. The total project costs were $5.45 million with $1.5 million, or {approx}28% of the total, provided by the members as cost share. Total average project size was $118,000 with $85,900 provided by DOE/CPCPC. In

  20. An Industrial-Based Consortium to Develop Premium Carbon Products from Coal Final Report - Part 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miller, Bruce; Winton, Shea

    2010-12-31

    Since 1998, The Pennsylvania State University successfully managed the Consortium for Premium Carbon Products from Coal (CPCPC), which was a vehicle for industry-driven research on the promotion, development, and transfer of innovative technologies on premium carbon products from coal to the U.S. industry. The CPCPC was an initiative led by Penn State, its cocharter member West Virginia University (WVU), and the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), who also provided the base funding for the program, with Penn State responsible for consortium management. CPCPC began in 1998 under DOE Cooperative Agreement No. DE-FC26-98FT40350. This agreement ended November 2004 but the CPCPC activity continued under cooperative agreement No. DE-FC26-03NT41874, which started October 1, 2003 and ended December 31, 2010. The objective of the second agreement was to continue the successful operation of the CPCPC. The CPCPC enjoyed tremendous success with its organizational structure, which included Penn State and WVU as charter members, numerous industrial affiliate members, and strategic university affiliate members together with NETL, forming a vibrant and creative team for innovative research in the area of transforming coal to carbon products. The key aspect of CPCPC was its industry-led council that selected proposals submitted by CPCPC members to ensure CPCPC target areas had strong industrial support. CPCPC had 58 member companies and universities engaged over the 7-year period of this contract. Members were from 17 states and five countries outside of the U.S. During this period, the CPCPC Executive Council selected 46 projects for funding. DOE/CPCPC provided $3.9 million in funding or an average of $564,000 per year. The total project costs were $5.45 million with $1.5 million, or ~28% of the total, provided by the members as cost share. Total average project size was $118,000 with $85,900 provided by DOE/CPCPC. In addition to

  1. An Industrial-Based Consortium to Develop Premium Carbon Products from Coal Final Report - Part 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miller, Bruce; Winton, Shea

    2010-12-31

    Since 1998, The Pennsylvania State University successfully managed the Consortium for Premium Carbon Products from Coal (CPCPC), which was a vehicle for industry-driven research on the promotion, development, and transfer of innovative technologies on premium carbon products from coal to the U.S. industry. The CPCPC was an initiative led by Penn State, its cocharter member West Virginia University (WVU), and the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), who also provided the base funding for the program, with Penn State responsible for consortium management. CPCPC began in 1998 under DOE Cooperative Agreement No. DE-FC26-98FT40350. This agreement ended November 2004 but the CPCPC activity continued under cooperative agreement No. DE-FC26-03NT41874, which started October 1, 2003 and ended December 31, 2010. The objective of the second agreement was to continue the successful operation of the CPCPC. The CPCPC enjoyed tremendous success with its organizational structure, which included Penn State and WVU as charter members, numerous industrial affiliate members, and strategic university affiliate members together with NETL, forming a vibrant and creative team for innovative research in the area of transforming coal to carbon products. The key aspect of CPCPC was its industry-led council that selected proposals submitted by CPCPC members to ensure CPCPC target areas had strong industrial support. CPCPC had 58 member companies and universities engaged over the 7-year period of this contract. Members were from 17 states and five countries outside of the U.S. During this period, the CPCPC Executive Council selected 46 projects for funding. DOE/CPCPC provided $3.9 million in funding or an average of $564,000 per year. The total project costs were $5.45 million with $1.5 million, or ~28% of the total, provided by the members as cost share. Total average project size was $118,000 with $85,900 provided by DOE/CPCPC. In addition to

  2. THE USE OF CORRELATION ANALYSIS IN AIC SUGAR INDUSTRY (PART 2 – CROSSCORRELATE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhmurko D. Y.

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This article is devoted to the practical application of economic-mathematical methods (based on correlation analysis to control the economic parameters of the integrated production systems sugar subcomplex (IPS SS AIC oriented to meet the needs in the sugar production of the population not only of individuals, but also of the regions and the country as a whole. This article discusses and solves the following tasks: autocorrelation and partial autocorrelation functions, cross-correlation function (correlation matrix study of deciduous macroeconomics series, with appropriate verification (test Durbin - Watson. The study used Statistica, MS Excel and Xlstat add-in. The work describes experiments with various kinds of nonstationary time series of the agricultural sector and food industry sugar subcomplex, as well as the test results on the difficulty of communication between them. We have identified industry-high cycles. The article presents results of numerical experiments autocorrelation of the time series of sugar production, acreage, gross harvest and yield of sugar beet and sugar cane, by country. Systematically, we describe ideas and methods underlying the correlation analysis. We have given the evaluation of the results of correlation analysis on each type. Further, it can be assumed that the proposed techniques will greatly affect a key points when making recommendations for new models of production of sugar products, market-oriented – this will minimize the time and cost of the finished product that will make a more stable position in the sector for this integrated production system in relation to its competition

  3. Stepwise Isothermal Fast Pyrolysis (SIFP of Biomass. Part III. SIFP of Olive Oil Industry Wastes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nadia S. Luna

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Pyrolysis of olive oil industry wastes was carried out using stepwise isothermal fast pyrolysis (SIFP. SIFP consists of a succession of isothermal fast pyrolysis reactions in which the solid products obtained from the previous isothermal fast pyrolysis reaction become the substrates for subsequent reactions at higher temperatures. This article reports the results obtained from the SIFP of olive oil residue carried out between the temperatures of 300 and 500 °C using 100 °C intervals under reduced pressure (200 mm Hg. The maximum yield of liquid products occurred at 300 °C and consisted of around 35% bio-oil, which contained mainly phenols, furans, and fatty acid methyl esters (FAME. At 400 and 500 °C, FAME, which is derived from residual olive oil, was the major product.

  4. Revitalize the US silicon/ferrosilicon industry through energy-efficient technology. Part 1, Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Larson, H.R.; Welborn, J.H.

    1995-02-01

    It is concluded that silicon metal and ferrosilicon can be very effectively produced in a DC submerged arc furnace. Specific energy consumption factors measured were favorable to the technology. Significant energy savings over conventional AC practice are likely. Hollow electrode feeding of the furnace does not appear feasible. Electrode consumption was 0.144 lbs/lb so silicon while making metal, much of which occurred above the burden pile. Silicon loss to fume averaged 19.5% of the silicon charge. In this furnace, 50% FeSi was more difficult to produce than silicon metal, and the furnace could not be run with full burden; it was operated successfully about 3/4 full. In the silicon metal portion, the furnace was operated in a fully submerged mode for several 3-day test campaigns. The industry must seriously consider the identified benefits of DC plasma arc technology for retrofit or new added silicon capacity.

  5. High efficient ammonia heat pump system for industrial process water using the ISEC concept. Part 1

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rothuizen, Erasmus Damgaard; Madsen, C.; Elmegaard, Brian

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of the Isolated System Energy Charging (ISEC) is to provide a high-efficient ammonia heat pump system for hot water production. The ISEC concept uses two storage tanks for the water, one discharged and one charged. The charged tank is used for the industrial process while the discharged...... to investigate the performance of the ISEC system. The ISEC concept approaches the efficiency of a number of heat pumps in series and the COP of the system may reach 6.8, which is up to 25 % higher than a conventional heat pump heating water in one step....... tank, is charging. Charging is done by circulating the water in the tank through the condenser several times and thereby gradually heats the water. This result in a lower condensing temperature than if the water was heated in one step. A dynamic model of the system, implemented in Dymola, is used...

  6. 群体智能算法在汽车零部件优化设计中的应用%Application of Swarm Intelligence Algorithm in Optimization Design of Automobile Parts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱剑宝

    2015-01-01

    优化设计是一种有效的工程设计方法,通过介绍微粒群优化算法的基本原理以及在汽车零部件上的应用,并分析微粒群智能算法的优化流程,最后针对一汽车零部件进行了实证优化设计,该流程对于汽车设计具有一定的参考价值。%Optimal design is an effective method for engineering design .The theory of particle swarm optimization algorithm and the application of swarm intelligence algorithm in the design of automotive parts is discussed in the paper .Optimization design flow based on particle swarm algorithm is established .Finally ,automotive components are optimized by particle swarm algo‐rithm ,with some practical significance for engineering design .

  7. 汽车制造业零部件配送中心选址模型建立与Lingo求解%Formulation of Location Model for Automobile Spare Parts Distribution Center and Its Lingo Solution

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹婧华; 姜威; 冉彦中; 赵飞

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, we established the distribution cost model for the spare parts distribution center of a certain large-scale car-making enterprise and then, employing the software Lingo and considering comprehensively floating cost, fixed cost and scale coefficient, carried out a stage-based test of the model, the result of which had pointed out the optimal area for the construction of logistics consolidation center for the car—maker.%通过整合并分析某大型汽车制造厂零部件物流配送企业近年来的配送数据,建立了物流配送成本模型,然后选择LINGO软件作为测试工具,综合考虑变动成本、固定成本和规模效益系数进行阶段性测算,仿真结果表明,该企业应该建成并起用B地区作为物流集配中心.

  8. Application of Wireless Sensor Networks to Automobiles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tavares, Jorge; Velez, Fernando J.; Ferro, João M.

    2008-01-01

    Some applications of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) to the automobile are identified, and the use of Crossbow MICAz motes operating at 2.4 GHz is considered together with TinyOS support. These WSNs are conceived in order to measure, process and supply to the user diverse types of information during an automobile journey. Examples are acceleration and fuel consumption, identification of incorrect tire pressure, verification of illumination, and evaluation of the vital signals of the driver. A brief survey on WSNs concepts is presented, as well as the way the wireless sensor network itself was developed. Calibration curves were produced which allowed for obtaining luminous intensity and temperature values in the appropriate units. Aspects of the definition of the architecture and the choice/implementation of the protocols are identified. Security aspects are also addressed.

  9. Occupational injuries in automobile repair workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vyas, Heer; Das, Subir; Mehta, Shashank

    2011-01-01

    Mechanics are exposed to varied work stressors such as hot noisy environments, strenuous postures, improperly designed tools and machinery and poor psycho-social environments which may exert an influence on their health and safety. The study aimed to examine the occupational injury patterns and identify work stressors associated with injury amongst automobile mechanics. A descriptive ergonomic checklist and questionnaire on general health and psycho-social issues were administered to male workers (N=153). The relative risk factors and correlation statistics were used to identify the work stressors associated with occupational injury. 63% of the workers reported injuries. Cuts were the chief injuries being reported. Poor work environment, machinery and tool characteristics, suffering from poor health and psycho-social stressors were associated with injury occurrence amongst automobile repair workers.

  10. The Mechanism of State Support for Automobile Industry in Ukraine Механизм государственной поддержки автомобилестроения в Украине

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kolbasin Yevgeniy S.,

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available The current legislation of Ukraine concerning the support of automobile production has been analyzed. The instruments of influence within the scope of methods of direct and indirect regulation of the automobile industry and the mechanism of its state support in conditions of crisis have been suggested.Проанализировано действующее законодательство Украины относительно поддержки автомобилестроения. Предложены инструменты влияния в рамках методов прямого и косвенного регулирования отрасли автомобилестроения и механизм ее государственной поддержки в условиях кризиса.

  11. Energy from biomass. Summaries of the Biomass Projects carried out as part of the Department of Trade and Industry`s New and Renewable Energy Programme. Vol. 4: anaerobic digestion for biogas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-12-01

    These volumes of summaries provide easy access to the many projects carried out in the Energy from Biomass programme area as part of the Department of Trade and Industry`s New and Renewable Energy Programme. The summaries in this volume cover contractor reports on the subject published up to December 1997. (author)

  12. Pulmonary function in automobile repair workers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chattopadhyay O

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Background : Automobile repair shop is a place where workers are exposed to harmful chemicals and toxic substances. Objective : To study the occurrence of obstructive and restrictive pulmonary impairment among automobile garage workers. Methods : A cross sectional study involving 151 automobile garage workers from 14 randomly selected garages of urban Kolkata. The study variables were Forced Expiratory Volume in 1 second (FEV 1 , Forced Vital Capacity (FVC, Peak Expiratory Flow Rate (PE FR, age, smoking habit, duration of work, type of work, and respiratory symptoms. The study was analysed using Regression equations, and Chi-square test. Results : All the workers were male. Obstructive impairment was seen in 25.83% of the workers whereas restrictive impairment was seen in 21.19% of the workers. Mixed obstructive and restrictive impairment was seen in 10.6% of the workers. The frequency of obstructive impairment was higher in older workers. In the age group of less than 20 years, 13.6% of the workers had obstructive impairment while 42.86% of workers above 40 years of age had obstructive impairment. Obstructive impairment was more frequently observed in battery repair workers (58.33% and spray painters (37.5% while 16.67% of the body repair workers and 30.19% of the engine mechanics had obstructive impairment. Obstructive impairment was more frequently observed in smokers (53.1 % as compared to ex-smokers (33.3% and non-smokers (6.4%. Obstructive impairment was more frequently observed in workers who had been working for a longer duration. Conclusion: Nearly 36.4% of the automobile garage workers had some form of pulmonary function impairment; obstructive and/or restrictive. The use of personal protective equipment, worker education, and discontinuation of the use of paints containing toxic pigments are recommended.

  13. Automobile Industry Retail Price Equivalent and Indirect Cost Multipliers

    Science.gov (United States)

    This report develops a modified multiplier, referred to as an indirect cost (IC) multiplier, which specifically evaluates the components of indirect costs that are likely to be affected by vehicle modifications associated with environmental regulation. A range of IC multipliers a...

  14. Cogeneration from Poultry Industry Wastes -- Part I: Indirectly Fired Gas Turbine Application

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Peretto, A.; Bianchi, M.; Cherubini, F.

    2003-01-01

    (Part I). Moreover a Steam Turbine Plant or a simplified system for the supply of the only technological steam are investigated and compared. Thermodynamic and economic analysis have been carried out for the examined configurations in order to outline the basic differences in terms of energy savings....... Different plant configurations have been considered in order to make use of the oil and of the meat and bone meal, which are the by-products of the chicken cooking process. In particular, the process plant can be integrated with an energy supply plant which can consist of a Indirectly Fired Gas Turbine...

  15. Reparatory and Manufacturing Hard-Facing of Working Parts Made of Stainless Steels in Confectionary Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Rakic

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, for the sake of improving the reparatory hard-facing technology is especially analyzed reparatory hard-facing of tools for manufacturing compressed products in confectionary industry. Those products are being made of a mixture consisting of several powdery components, which is compressed under high pressure. In that way the connection between particles is realized, thus achieving certain hardness and strength of the confectionary product. The considered tool is made of high-alloyed stainless steel. The tool contains 30 identical working places. Besides the production process wear, on those tools, from time to time, appear mechanical damage on some of the products' shape punches, as cracks at the edges, where the products' final shapes are formed. Those damages are small, size wise, but they cause strong effect on the products' final shape. The aggravating circumstance is that the shape punch is extremely loaded in pressure, thus after the reparatory hard-facing, the additional heat treatment is necessary. Mechanical properties in the heat affected zone (HAZ are being leveled by annealing and what also partially reduces the residual internal stresses.

  16. Organização do trabalho na cadeia de suprimentos: os casos de uma planta modular e de uma tradicional na indústria automobilística Work organization in the supply chain: the cases of a modular and a traditional plant in the automotive industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandra Rachid

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa a influência das empresas clientes na organização do trabalho de seus fornecedores em duas cadeias de suprimentos da indústria automobilística, uma comandada por uma planta modular e outra organizada num arranjo tradicional. Na cadeia tradicional, são examinadas as formas de organização do trabalho de uma fábrica de motores e de dez de seus fornecedores diretos. No caso da planta modular, produtora de caminhões e ônibus, examina-se a organização do trabalho no sistema modular como um todo, explorando-se as peculiaridades deste tipo de arranjo. Os resultados da pesquisa apontam que, na planta modular, a influência da montadora sobre a organização do trabalho configura-se de forma mais direta com relação a salários e jornada de trabalho. Na cadeia tradicional, a influência ocorre de forma indireta, por meio de exigências voltadas para outras áreas de gestão.This paper analyzes the influence that buyer firms have on their suppliers' work organization in two supply chains in the automotive industry. One of the supply chains is controlled by a modular plant and the other is organized in the traditional way. In the traditional supply chain, the work organization of an engine manufacturer plant as well as of ten of its suppliers is examined. In the modular plant, a truck and bus manufacturer, the work organization of the whole modular system is examined, exploring the peculiarities of this kind of arrangement. The results of the research shows that in the modular plant the assembler's influence over the work organization, relating to aspects like wages and work time, is more direct. In the traditional supply chain, the influence happens in a indirect way, through requirements done to other areas of management.

  17. A Moral (Normative) Framework for the Judgment of Actions and Decisions in the Construction Industry and Engineering: Part II.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alkhatib, Omar J

    2016-12-02

    The construction industry is typically characterized as a fragmented, multi-organizational setting in which members from different technical backgrounds and moral values join together to develop a particular business or project. The most challenging obstacle in the construction process is to achieve a successful practice and to identify and apply an ethical framework to manage the behavior of involved specialists and contractors and to ensure the quality of all completed construction activities. The framework should reflect a common moral ground for myriad people involved in this process to survive and compete ethically in today's turbulent construction market. This study establishes a framework for moral judgment of behavior and actions conducted in the construction process. The moral framework provides the basis of judging actions as "moral" or "immoral" based on three levels of moral accountability: personal, professional, and social. The social aspect of the proposed framework is developed primarily from the essential attributes of normative business decision-making models identified in the literature review and subsequently incorporates additional attributes related to professional and personal moral values. The normative decision-making models reviewed are based primarily on social attributes as related to moral theories (e.g., utilitarianism, duty, rights, virtue, etc.). The professional and moral attributes are established by identifying a set of common moral values recognized by professionals in the construction industry and required to prevent common construction breaches. The moral framework presented here is the complementary part of the ethical framework developed in Part I of this article and is based primarily on the personal behavior or the moral aspect of professional responsibility. The framework can be implemented as a form of preventive personal ethics, which would help avoid ethical dilemmas and moral implications in the first place

  18. FORECASTING OF PRODUCTION OUTPUT FOR LIGHT INDUSTRY ENTERPRISES WITH PURPOSE TO DETERMINE THEIR POWER RESOURCES REQUIREMENTS. Part 1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. N. Romaniuk

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents an interest for those specialists who are involved in solution of efficiency problems in light industry of Belarus as one of the significant industries that forms an economic situation in the Republic, its export potential and social climate. It is extremely relevant for the Belarusian enterprises to reduce production costs in order to preserve and strengthen positions in the light industry market. Operating capacities for production of natural, synthetic textile and knit-wear materials and their subsequent treatment are in many respects unjustifiably energy intensive. Nowadays the only acceptable solution of the problem for reduction of production costs is to decrease its energy component. Such approach requires transition to creation of modern heat and power supply systems at heat technology enterprises.The most important sub-system of the enterprises is own combined production of energy flows of secondary electrical and heat energy, freeze. There is a complex of problems that arise during designing process of tri-generation unit. One of the most important problems presupposes determination of a base load demand and capacity of every energy flow generated by an energy source. The solution is directly related to production output, which in its turn is determined by the requirements of sales markets. Due to various reasons the markets have their own specificity for the enterprises under consideration. It is proposed to use statistical methods for searching requirements. In this connection it is necessary to take into account industry development rate (pre-determined by State Programs, Plans, Governmental solutions, including directive instructions, production volumes of competitive goods and actual goods situation on the sales market.The paper presents the first part of the executed complex investigations which are directed on the development of scientifically-substantiated proposals for higher energy efficiency of the

  19. China publishes auto industry rejuvenation plan%中国出台汽车产业振兴规划

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    @@ China's State Council recently passed in principle the auto industry rejuvenation plan. Major contents of the plan are:to foster auto consum ption market, including a 50 percent cut in the vehicle purchase tax on passenger vehicles with a displacement of 1.6 liters and below; to promote reorganization of the auto industry and support large auto enterprise groups to carry out mergers and acquisitions, and key auto spare enterprises to expand production; to support independent innovation and technical upgrading by enterprises: the central government wiU appropriate RMB 10 billion in a special fund to support technical innovation and renovation and development of new energy automobiles and spare parts by enterprises in the next three years;to implement a new energy auto strategy :subsidy from the central budget will be appropriated to support the spread of energy saving and new energy automobiles in large-and medium-sized cities; and to promote development of independent brands of automobiles, speed up construction of auto and spare parts exportbases, develop a modern auto service industry and improve auto credit.

  20. Organoclay nanocomposites of post-industrial waste poly(butylene terephthalate) from automotive parts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quispe, Noe B; Fernandes, Elizabeth G; Zanata, Fernanda; Bartoli, Julio R; Souza, Diego H S; Ito, Edson N

    2015-10-01

    Polymeric nanocomposites are novel materials of huge interest owing to their favourable cost/performance ratio with low amount of nanofillers, improved thermal resistance, flame retardancy and mechanical properties in relation to their matrices. In this work, composites based on post-industrial waste or primary recycled poly(butylene terephthalate) and 5 wt.% of organic modified montmorillonite clays were melt compounded using a twin-screw extruder. A 2(2) factorial experimental design was used to study the compounding and processing variables: Organic modified montmorillonite with one or two hydrogenated tallow (initial basal spacing) and screw speed of the extruder. X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy suggest that a partial exfoliation of the organoclay in the recycled poly(butylene terephthalate) matrix was achieved for organic modified montmorillonite with lower initial basal spacing. On the other hand, formulations containing organic modified montmorillonite with higher initial basal spacing showed only intercalated structure. The recycled poly(butylene terephthalate)-organic modified montmorillonite nanocomposites did not drip flaming material during burning tests. Storage of dynamic-mechanical, tensile and flexural moduli of the recycled poly(butylene terephthalate)-organic modified montmorillonite were improved when compared with both virgin and recycled poly(butylene terephthalate)s, mainly for nanocomposites formulated at a lower initial basal spacing organoclay. This could be related to a better diffusion of polymer into organic modified montmorillonite layers compared with the higher initial basal spacing organoclay. The improvements on the physical properties of recycled poly(butylene terephthalate) showed the feasibility to add value to primary recycled engineering thermoplastics with a very small amount of organic modified montmorillonite.

  1. Handbook on Special Works. Technological Lines of Industrial Enterprises. Part 1,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-10-16

    602 Chapter XI. Materials for Manufacture and Assembly of Technological Conduits ..................................... 643 Chapter XII ...4.49 -1,Ox2nn~ N157 I 62 Ij 20M 11.2 .A4 X 2 𔃺 21 I 47 358 258 7.00 3,5n_ ,_ 1.11 3 308 5.39 45’)XS) .147 I 48 I2)16.25 *~ XII I 263 I 5 I 1 310 13.16 4...Page 293. Tabla 24. Enumeration of tua Szaudrdized parts of conduits/aanifolds from brass on Ppw-S and 200 xg/£aa. iNU M M . sA . .. ., , AWtl M ll

  2. [Application of near infrared sensor to the technology of automobile transformation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Song-de; Han, Yun-xia; Zhu, Xiao-long; Yang, Jie-hui

    2005-07-01

    Using reflective near infrared sensor and voice record-reproducing assembly, the present article studies the voice anticollision-prompting device for backing an automobile. If there is a man or an object within a certain distance behind the backing automobile, part of the infrared signal will be reflected by the man or the object, and received by the photosensitive tube installed with a transmitting tube, and transformed to a similar frequency electric signal. The electric signal will be amplified, demodulated, and shaped by the circuit of module. After comparing and processing, the control signal will be output, which controls the work of voice record-reproducing assembly, and reminds the driver that there is a man or an object behind the backing automobile. With both the near infrared sensor and voice record-reproducing assembly being integrated, the distance-warning device has the advantages of low costs, simple wiring, strong anti-detonation ability, precise measuring, and working stability. It is suitable for being installed and used on the automobile.

  3. Mechanical behavior of plastic materials for automobile cockpit module

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woo, Changsu.; Park, Hyunsung.; Jo, Jinho.

    2013-12-01

    Engineering plastics are used in instrument panels, interior trims, and other vehicle applications, and the thermo-mechanical behaviors of plastic materials are strongly influenced by many environmental factors such as temperature, sunlight, and rain. As the material properties change, the mechanical parts create unexpected noise. In this study, the dynamic mechanical property changes of plastics used in automobiles are measured to investigate the effect of temperature. Visco-elastic properties such as the glass transition temperature and storage modulus and loss factors under temperature and frequency sweeps were measured. The data results were compared with the original ones before aging to analyze the behavioral changes. It was found that as the temperature increased, the storage modulus decreased and the loss factor increased slightly.

  4. The Tacit Knowledge Diffusion Model in the Cluster Innovation Environment-Automobile Industry Cluster in Anhui Province%集群创新环境下组织隐性知识扩散模型研究——以安徽省汽车产业集群为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢荣见; 孙剑平; 周小虎

    2012-01-01

    of information exchanged between the experience and skills within the industry cluster organizations. From an organizational perspective, tacit knowledge diffusion depends on the spatial distance proximity and face-to-face contact;from the individual point of view, it is often associated with specific knowledge of the owner (staffs). So, we need to do research from both perspectives of organization and individual to promote the tacit knowledge diffusion. It is very important to analyze the influence factors of tacit knowledge diffusion and these fac- tors come from organization and individual in cluster innovation environment. Based on the influence factors, the models are needed to be constructed, so that it can analyze the key influence factors which can increase the degree of tacit knowledge diffusion. In this paper, we do research on the influence factors from organization and individualperspectives which include cluster tacit knowledge diffusion influence factors and cluster innovation institutional fac- tors and cluster innovation staff factors. We establish the tacit knowledge diffusion framework diagram based on the three kinds of influence factors. Taking the automobile industry cluster in Anhui province for example, we build the structural equation model of tacit knowledge diffusion based on above three kinds of influence factors, and then veri- fy the model. The structural equation model is analyzed and we achieve the analytical data. Base on the analytical data,we obtain the influencing relationship of various influence factors on tacit knowledge diffusion. The path coeffi-cient of the cluster innovation staff factors is maximum,it shows that knowledge staffs are the main body of knowl- edge diffusion;knowledge staffs play a very important role in the process of tacit knowledge diffusion process. We al- so find that cluster innovation institutional factors affect more on the knowledge staffs. So, knowledge staffs and insti- tutional mechanism are two key

  5. Automobile technology in a CO{sub 2}-constrained world

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kypreos, S.; Barreto Gomez, L.; Dietrich, Ph. [Paul Scherrer Inst. (PSI), Villigen (Switzerland); Schafer, A.; Jacoby, H.D. [MIT, Cambridge (United States)

    1999-08-01

    This study identifies the environmental conditions under which less CO{sub 2}-emitting and more expensive automobile technology might enter the North American transportation sector. For that purpose, different exogenous CO{sub 2}-reduction targets are imposed and the resulting market shares of hypothetical future automobile technologies calculated. The criteria for the selection of different types of automobiles/fuels is the minimisation of discounted, cumulative transport sector costs over the scenario time horizon. (author) 1 tab., 6 refs.

  6. China’s Cotton Textile Industry Faces Growing Pressure The analysis of economic performance of China’s cotton textile industry in Jan. -Feb. (Part A)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Although the Chinese government has published a seriesof favorable policies for textile industry,the outcome of thesefiscal policies in Chinese cotton machinery industry tends to besmall at this stage,since the effects of policies is hysteresial,and the industry had extended 2009 spring holiday amid thefinancial crisis.

  7. An expert system for process planning of sheet metal parts produced on compound die for use in stamping industries

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    SACHIN SALUNKHE; DEEPAK PANGHAL; SHAILENDRA KUMAR; H M A HUSSEIN

    2016-08-01

    Process planning of sheet metal part is an important activity in the design of compound die. Traditional methods of carrying out this task are manual, tedious, time-consuming, error-prone and experiencebased. This paper describes the research work involved in the development of an expert system for process planning of sheet metal parts produced on compound die. The proposed system is organized in six modules. For development of system modules, domain knowledge acquired from various sources of knowledge acquisition is refined and then framed in form of ‘IF-Then’ variety of production rules. System modules are coded in AutoLISP language and user interface is created using visual basic (VB). The system is capable to automate various activities of process planning including blank modeling, blank nesting, determining punch force required, election of clearance between punch and die, identifying sheet metal operations, and determining proper sequence of operations for manufacturing the part. The proposed system can be implemented on a PC having VB and AutoCAD software, therefore its low cost of implementation makes it affordable even for small scale sheet metal industries.

  8. Physician Payments from Industry Are Associated with Greater Medicare Part D Prescribing Costs.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roy H Perlis

    Full Text Available The U.S. Physician Payments Sunshine Act mandates the reporting of payments or items of value received by physicians from drug, medical device, and biological agent manufacturers. The impact of these payments on physician prescribing has not been examined at large scale.We linked public Medicare Part D prescribing data and Sunshine Act data for 2013. Physician payments were examined descriptively within specialties, and then for association with prescribing costs and patterns using regression models. Models were adjusted for potential physician-level confounding features, including sex, geographic region, and practice size.Among 725,169 individuals with Medicare prescribing data, 341,644 had documented payments in the OPP data (47.1%. Among all physicians receiving funds, mean payment was $1750 (SD $28336; median was $138 (IQR $48-$394. Across the 12 specialties examined, a dose-response relationship was observed in which greater payments were associated with greater prescribing costs per patient. In adjusted regression models, being in the top quintile of payment receipt was associated with incremental prescribing cost per patient ranging from $27 (general surgery to $2931 (neurology. Similar associations were observed with proportion of branded prescriptions written.While distribution and amount of payments differed widely across medical specialties, for each of the 12 specialties examined the receipt of payments was associated with greater prescribing costs per patient, and greater proportion of branded medication prescribing. We cannot infer a causal relationship, but interventions aimed at those physicians receiving the most payments may present an opportunity to address prescribing costs in the US.

  9. Automobile sheet metal part production with incremental sheet forming

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    İsmail DURGUN

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, effect of global warming is increasing drastically so it leads to increased interest on energy efficiency and sustainable production methods. As a result of adverse conditions, national and international project platforms, OEMs (Original Equipment Manufacturers, SMEs (Small and Mid-size Manufacturers perform many studies or improve existing methodologies in scope of advanced manufacturing techniques. In this study, advanced manufacturing and sustainable production method "Incremental Sheet Metal Forming (ISF" was used for sheet metal forming process. A vehicle fender was manufactured with or without die by using different toolpath strategies and die sets. At the end of the study, Results have been investigated under the influence of method and parameters used.Keywords: Template incremental sheet metal, Metal forming

  10. Simulation of the energy-industry-environment system for limited economic regions, using the example of Baden-Wuerttemberg. Part 1. Data, model development adaptation 1960 to 1974

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hoecker, K.H.; Unger, H.

    1979-10-01

    Following some general remarks on the task and function of systems analyses in society, on the project in the overall system energy-industry-environment, and on the goals of the project, model structure and methods are described. Part I of the final report gives an analysis of the past (1960 to 1974), and in particular of the structure and development of the Baden-Wuerttemberg power industry and compares these data with the data for West Germany. On the producer side, there are especially the electric power industry and the petroleum industry; on the consumer side, there are the usual sectors of private households and small consumers, industry and transportation. The development of the past power supply structure is analyzed, and the analysis is used as a basis for a forecast. Part II of this report will include development trends, scenarios, and model assumptions in forecasting the period 1975 to 2000.

  11. 76 FR 44402 - Proposed Information Collection (Application for Automobile or Other Conveyance and Adaptive...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-25

    ... AFFAIRS Proposed Information Collection (Application for Automobile or Other Conveyance and Adaptive...' eligibility for automobile adaptation equipment or other conveyance allowance. DATES: Written comments and... techniques or the use of other forms of information technology. Title: Application for Automobile or...

  12. KEY FACTORS INFLUENCING PURCHASE INTENTIONS TOWARDS AUTOMOBILES IN PAKISTAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SYED NAVEED ALTAF

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available In this paper the authors identify and investigate the key factors which influence intentions to purchase passenger cars among consumers in Pakistan. A questionnaire was developed to check the significance of these key variables identified from previous studies, especially those conducted in the context of automobile purchasing in Asian countries. Faculty members from universities of two major cities in Pakistan were selected at random as respondents for this study. The findings of the study will be useful to both managers in the auto industry as well as policy makers. It will help managers in the auto industry to gain a better understanding of consumer intentions and identify the factors which influence them. Policy makers in Pakistan’s auto sector would benefit from the insights of this study when developing the long overdue Auto Policy. Analysis of the data collected has revealed that the three key factors identified from studies in other Asian countries are also relevant for Pakistani auto consumers.

  13. Automobile, construction and entertainment business sector influences on sedentary lifestyles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parra, Diana C; de Sá, Thiago H; Monteiro, Carlos A; Freudenberg, Nicholas

    2016-08-25

    Sedentary lifestyles contribute to premature death and health inequalities. Researchers have studied personal and community-level determinants of inactivity but few have analyzed corporate influences. To reframe the public health debate on inactivity and open new doors for public sector intervention, we conducted a scoping review of evidence from several disciplines to describe how the business and political practices of the automobile, construction, and entertainment sectors have encouraged sedentary lifestyles. In the last 50 years, these industries have found it profitable to produce motor vehicles, housing, and entertainment, which intentionally or unintentionally discourage physical activity. Ceding primary authority for policy decisions in these sectors to the market-based economy has enabled the growth of powerful lobbies that encourage and maintain sedentary lifestyles. To counteract these influences, public health and civil society need to confront more upstream economic and social determinants of sedentary lifestyles. Building on evidence from efforts to change harmful tobacco, alcohol and food industry practices, we propose the creation of research and policy agendas that contribute to public health practice that can modify corporate practices that contribute to physical, social and political environments that discourage physical activity.

  14. SLIDING MODE CONTROL FOR ACTIVE AUTOMOBILE SUSPENSIONS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1998-01-01

    Nonlinear control methods are presented based on theory of sliding mode control (SMC) or variable structure control (VSC) for application to active automobile suspensions. Requirements of reducing manufacturing cost and energy consumption of the active suspension system may be satisfiedby reasonable design of the sliding surface and hydraulic servo system. Emphasis is placed on the study of the discrete sliding mode control method (DSMC) applicable for a new sort of speed on-off solenoid valves of anti-dust capability and low price. Robustness and effectiveness of the feedback linearized controller in typical road conditions are demonstrated by numerical results fora quarter-car suspension model.

  15. WIND DRIVEN MOBILE CHARGING OF AUTOMOBILE BATTERY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SUDHIR KUMAR SINHA

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with implementation of mobile wind driven generator technology to produce electricity in charging of two wheeler (12V automobile battery. The use of PWM methodology with pulse charging method at a constant rate has been adopted for this purpose. The low speed PMSG driven by wind at speed of 15/40 km/hour has been used to eliminate gear box to achieve high efficiency. The output of three phase bridge rectifier is fed to boost converter which provides pulses of constant current to the battery.

  16. Desarrollo del diseño fluidodinámico de un filtro de mangas (tipo pulse - jet) para partículas minerales de origen industrial

    OpenAIRE

    Peralta Castillo, German; Barriga Rivera, Alfredo Nicolas

    2009-01-01

    El presente trabajo desarrolla el diseño fluidodinámico de un filtro de mangas para partículas minerales de origen industrial con su utilización en el control de la contaminación industrial del aire y como medio de recuperación de materia prima o de producto terminado, tratando de ajustar este diseño a las condiciones locales y a las necesidades de nuestro país. La primera parte versa sobre los fundamentos teóricos de la dinámica de partículas y del mecanismo de filtrado necesarios para de...

  17. Manufacturing strategy in the auto parts industry: a multicases study in companies at sorocaba’s region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Márcia Regina Neves Guimarães

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The alignment of manufacturing strategy with the business strategy is fundamental for achieving sustainable competitive advantage. In the particular case of the automotive industry, it is verified that the production strategy of suppliers is strongly influenced by the strategy of automakers. In this context, this paper aims at presenting characteristics of the content of the production strategy of four auto parts companies besides analyzing the influence of automakers in the definition of the strategy contents.This is a descriptive and exploratory research that uses  a qualitative approach and the multi-case study method. Among the main results, it was found that the prevalent competitive priority in the companies is quality followed by delivery. In the decision areas, it was noted that customers have great influence on the quality management of these companies and in the R&D activities, besides demanding frequent deliveries. Finally, it was found that auto parts companies seek to strengthen their competitive priorities by adopting criteria from suppliers  for selecting and evaluating.

  18. China's Auto Industry,Survive and Thrive in the Storm

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ The increasingly grave financial crisis has had an effect on all sectors of the economy both big and small,as such.the world's automobile industry could not have saved itself from this financial storm.

  19. VMI模式下供应链物流成本核算及利益分配模型-面向汽车零部件市场%Logistics Cost Accounting and Benefit Allocation Model of Automobile Spare Parts Supply Chain under VMI Mode

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵琨; 刘金虎

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, in view of the spare parts logistics process of the Beijing HYUNDAI Automobile Manufacture Co., Ltd., we proposed to use the integrated VMI-TPL mode to reduce the overall logistics cost of the supply chain, then built the logistics cost model of the supply chain participants both before and after the implementation of the integrated VMI-TPL mode to derive the total logistics cost change model of the supply chain. Next through screening the actual influence factors and defining the key parameters, we built the corresponding model to verify the conclusion that the implementation of the integrated VMI-TPL mode could reduce the overall logistics cost of the supply chain. At the end, we used the Shapley value method to build the benefit allocation model of the supply chain participants.%针对北京现代汽车制造有限公司零部件物流,提出应用VMI-TPL集成模式降低供应链整体物流成本的方案。结合定性分析和定量分析,构建实施VMI-TPL集成模式前后,参与供应链各方的物流成本模型,进而得出供应链物流总成本变化模型。通过对实际影响因素的筛选,设定关键参数构建模型,通过定量计算验证了实施VMI-TPL集成模式可使供应链整体物流成本降低的结论。利用Shapley值法建立了参与供应链各方的利益分配模型,得出各方都相对满意的分配方案,为VMI-TPL集成模式的实行奠定理论基础。

  20. 时间竞争策略对时间和成本的影响——基于中西部地区汽车产业的实证研究%The Influence of Time-based Competition Strategy on Time and Cost: Evidence from Mid-west Aarea Automobile Industry in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔松

    2012-01-01

    With time being the most important competition resources following price, variety and quality, the expenses that enterprises invest on time compression are increasing. Generally, time's reducing can cause cost's in- creasing. But the facts that came from time-based competition (TBC) all over world show that the quick new prod- uct development speed and delivery speed can be contribute to the reduce of cost and the increase in profit. Time- based competition company which can respond rapidly to customer demand has obtained greater profits and market share than its competitors as a result of time-based strategy (TBS). But different TBS influence the time and the cost differently. This paper takes 124 mid-west automotive companies in China as a sample, analyzes the relation- ship between 18 kinds of TBS and time and cost. The following are the main creative points. Firstly, this paper proves the theoretical discussion that at the enterprise level, time is the main factor that af- fecting cost. In China's automotive industry, time has become the main means to improve internal operational effi- ciency, reduce costs and improve financial performance with shorter time to achieve the reduction of business costs. From a theoretical point of view, this finding proves that the influence on the time to the overall financial perform- ance can be achieved by cost reduction. It also proves the theoretical discourse that time is not only the intermedi- ate variable for the TBS influence on performance, but quality and costs may also be the intermediate variables (Drog et al, 2004). The research suggests that in China's automobile industry, time has become the principal means of improving internal operational efficiency and reducing cost. Secondly, the implementation of TBC can reduce both time and cost. The research suggests that R & D con- current operations, selecting a small number of suppliers to develop long-term strategic relationship, and so five kinds

  1. Managing bottlenecks in manual automobile assembly systems using discrete event simulation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dewa, M.

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Batch model lines are quite handy when the demand for each product is moderate. However, they are characterised by high work-in-progress inventories, lost production time when changing over models, and reduced flexibility when it comes to altering production rates as product demand changes. On the other hand, mixed model lines can offer reduced work-in-progress inventory and increased flexibility. The object of this paper is to illustrate that a manual automobile assembling system can be optimised through managing bottlenecks by ensuring high workstation utilisation, reducing queue lengths before stations and reducing station downtime. A case study from the automobile industry is used for data collection. A model is developed through the use of simulation software. The model is then verified and validated before a detailed bottleneck analysis is conducted. An operational strategy is then proposed for optimal bottleneck management. Although the paper focuses on improving automobile assembly systems in batch mode, the methodology can also be applied in single model manual and automated production lines.

  2. Trends in the location of the European car industry from an analysis of trade in parts and components; Tendencias en la localizacion de la industria Europea de automocion. Un analisis a partir del comercio de partes y componentes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Blazquez Gomez, L.; Diaz Mora, C.; Gandoy Juste, R.

    2010-07-01

    The object of this paper is to study the changes in location and specialization in the European automotive industry since the mid-nineties. The analysis is based on the examination of trade flows, distinguishing between final goods and parts and components, and on the delimitation of revealed comparative advantages for those countries leading the European industry. The results show the significance of the European production networks and the increasing new Eastern member countries role in them. Besides, they allow us to establish the main participant countries competitive position in those networks. As far as the Spanish industry is concerned, two aspects must be pointed out. On the one hand, the decrease in the advantages in cars assembly although the specialization in industrial motor vehicles maintains. And on the other hand, the competitive capacity showed by some auxiliary car industries. (Author) 22 refs.

  3. Research on Integrated Casting and Forging Process of Aluminum Automobile Wheel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qi Zhang

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Integrated casting and forging process (ICFP is a new manufacturing method combining the advantages of both casting and forging. Aluminum structure parts, such as aluminum alloy automobile wheel, with complex shape and excellent mechanical properties can be produced by this process. The effects of different process parameters on the ICFP of the automobile wheel were simulated by Forge software. Microstructure of forging region and the nonforging region were studied by experiment. The results show that die temperature, static pressure of the injection piston, forging speed, and material flow have significant influences on the process. Compared with nonforging region, the microstructure of forging region becomes finer, more uniform, and denser. Meanwhile, the casting defects can be removed and mechanical properties improved.

  4. 40 CFR 270.22 - Specific part B information requirements for boilers and industrial furnaces burning hazardous...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... requirements for boilers and industrial furnaces burning hazardous waste. 270.22 Section 270.22 Protection of... requirements for boilers and industrial furnaces burning hazardous waste. When an owner or operator of a cement... testing or trial or operational burns of similar boilers or industrial furnaces burning similar...

  5. FORECASTING OF PRODUCTION OUTPUT FOR LIGHT INDUSTRY ENTERPRISES WITH PURPOSE TO DETERMINE THEIR POWER RESOURCES REQUIREMENTS. Part 2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. N. Romaniuk

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The proposed paper is a continuation of the work, published in the previous issue. It is destined for specialists who are engaged in solution of problems pertaining to efficiency of light industry in Belarus which is considered as one of the branches being significantly involved in formation of national economy, its export potential and social climate. It is extremely relevant to reduce production costs in order to preserve and add strength to the branch positions in the markets. Production of natural, synthetic and knitted materials and their subsequent treatment are unreasonably power-consuming processes. Fundamental solution of the problem for reduction of production costs is to decrease its energy component and this can be achieved due to transition to modern heat and power systems in technological complexes of enterprises.The first part of the paper has considered a range of issues that served as a basis for obtaining statistical models in order to forecast the required production volume of main knitted and textile materials.  Forecasting has been prepared   for a period of more than 20 years because it has been predetermined by development horizon of comprehensive modernization of energy supply systems at enterprises of light industry. The production volumes essentially differ from those that have been stipulated in the programs of light industry.The present paper shows selection of statistical game-type for determination of  build-up rate of the production volume for every textile enterprise. The so-called “Game with Nature” has been selected as a game which is widely used for solution of analogous demand problems. The statistical forecasting models of production obtained in the first part are applied in the second part of the paper which considers strategies for development of individual enterprises. JSC :Baranovichi Industrial Cotton Association” has been taken an example in the paper. Production volumes of any enterprise are

  6. Recycling of a fine, heavy fluff automobile shredder residue by density and differential fragmentation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gent, M R; Menéndez, M; Muñiz, H; Torno, S

    2015-09-01

    A compilation of the physical properties of materials which might typically occur in automobile shredder residue and an analysis of their suitability for the separation of materials in fine (<15mm) heavy fluff ASR (fhf-ASR) is presented. Differences in density and resistance to crushing of fhf-ASR materials were identified as potentially the most suitable low cost, technologically simple means for the separating this waste into its three principal components - metals, minerals (glass/stones) and organics (plastics). Results presented of laboratory scale tests demonstrate that fhf-ASR can in large part be separated into three principal components. Tests were conducted with 0.63-2.0mm and 2-10mm fractions. Recovery of plastics by density separations were conducted with water only jigs for the 2-10mm fraction and shaker tables for the 0.63-2mm fraction. Comparisons are presented of the separations of glass and stones from metals obtained by linear screening and vibratory screening of roller mill and impact mill crushing products of the high density 2-10mm fraction. Equipment used for these tests are of a laboratory or demonstrative scale. It is reasonable to anticipate that industrial scale processing would produce significantly better results. The 2-15mm fraction was found to constitute 91.6% of the fhf-ASR sampled. The metals content of the 2-10mm portion of this fraction was upgraded from 2.5% to 31% and 76.9% with recoveries varying inversely with grade from 91.9% to 40.1%. From 63.6% to 17.1% with a recovery of 93.5% of the organic materials. A residual product of fine sand of crushed glass/stones of 99.4% purity recovered 71.3% of these.

  7. Automobile Shredder Residues in Italy: characterization and valorization opportunities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fiore, S; Ruffino, B; Zanetti, M C

    2012-08-01

    At the moment Automobile Shredder Residue (ASR) is usually landfilled worldwide, but European draft Directive 2000/53/CE forces the development of alternative solutions, stating the 95%-wt recovery of an End of Life Vehicle (ELV) weight to be fulfilled by 2015. This work describes two industrial tests, each involving 250-300 t of ELVs, in which different pre-shredding operations were performed. The produced ASR materials underwent an extended characterization and some post-shredding processes, consisting of dimensional, magnetic, electrostatic and densimetric separation phases, were tested on laboratory scale, having as main purpose the enhancement of ASR recovery/recycling and the minimization of the landfilled fraction. The gathered results show that accurate depollution and dismantling operations are mandatory to obtain a high quality ASR material which may be recycled/recovered and partially landfilled according to the actual European Union regulations, with particular concern for Lower Heating Value (LHV), heavy metals content and Dissolved Organic Carbon (DOC) as critical parameters. Moreover post-shredding technical solutions foreseeing minimum economic and engineering efforts, therefore realizable in common European ELVs shredding plants, may lead to multi-purposed (material recovery and thermal valorization) opportunities for ASR reuse/recovery.

  8. (Auto-)mobile data acquisition and measurement data management

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kneuer, E.; Schwartze, S. [Werum Datenverarbeitungssysteme GmbH, Lueneburg (Germany)

    2001-07-01

    This lecture introduces a concept of measurement technology with video integration for commercial vehicles. We would like to present DAVIS-CAR, a system for mobile data acquisition. It enables the simultaneous evaluation of video data and test data and consists of mobile as well as of stationary components in a client/server architecture. The product DAVIS-CAR is suitable not only for testing entire vehicles but for external suppliers developing vehicle components or for analysing a person's driving performance. Even for completely stationary systems DAVIS-CAR provides advantages in situations when video data are recorded to get additional information on tests. The mobile server collects the data of the driving car. The storage of these data can be triggered either manually or by events derived from signal states. The stationary system is capable of administering the measurement data and the associated Meta information from several mobile systems at the same time and of providing this information to the connected clients. The ASAM-ODS interface facilitates the integration of DAVIS-CAR in environments typically found in the automobile industry. The overall architecture also enables the integration of data provided by other measurement systems. (orig.)

  9. Stability analysis of automobile driver steering control

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allen, R. W.

    1981-01-01

    In steering an automobile, the driver must basically control the direction of the car's trajectory (heading angle) and the lateral deviation of the car relative to a delineated pathway. A previously published linear control model of driver steering behavior which is analyzed from a stability point of view is considered. A simple approximate expression for a stability parameter, phase margin, is derived in terms of various driver and vehicle control parameters, and boundaries for stability are discussed. A field test study is reviewed that includes the measurement of driver steering control parameters. Phase margins derived for a range of vehicle characteristics are found to be generally consistent with known adaptive properties of the human operator. The implications of these results are discussed in terms of driver adaptive behavior.

  10. Methemoglobinemia secondary to automobile exhaust fumes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Laney, R.F.; Hoffman, R.S. (Department of Emergency Medicine, Morristown Memorial Hospital, NJ (United States))

    1992-09-01

    Methemoglobinemia is an uncommon cause of cyanosis. A 28-year-old male presented to the emergency department cyanotic and short of breath after exposure to noxious automobile fumes. He did not improve with the administration of 100% oxygen therapy. The initial arterial blood gas with cooximetry was: pH of 7.38, PaCO2 of 43 mm Hg, PaO2 of 118 mm Hg, measured oxygen saturation of 70%, and a methemoglobin level of 24.8%. Methylene blue was given (2 mg/kg intravenously) and the patient's symptoms resolved. On the following day he was discharged home without complication. A comprehensive review of the literature revealed no reported cases of methemoglobinemia secondary to accidental exposure to exhaust fumes.17 references.

  11. PRODUCT EFFICIENCY IN THE SPANISH AUTOMOBILE MARKET

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    González, Eduardo

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper evaluates product efficiency in the Spanish automobile market. We use non parametric frontier techniques in order to estimate product efficiency scores for each model. These scores reflect the minimum price for which each car could be sold, given the bundle of tangible features it offers in comparison to the best-buy models. Unlike previous research, we use discounted prices which have been adjusted by car dealerships to meet sale targets. Therefore, we interpret the efficiency scores as indicators of the value of the intangible features of the brand. The results show that Audi, Volvo, Volkswagen and Mercedes offer the greatest intangible value, since they are heavily overpriced in terms of price/product ratios. Conversely, Seat, Kia, Renault and Dacia are the brands that can be taken as referent in terms of price/product ratios.

  12. Female identity discourse in automobile advertisements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Montserrat López Díaz

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes the way in which the modern car-advertisement defines the identity of women as potential purchasers – to whom it is designed to get through. The research includes language and iconic instruments by which this type of advertisement aims to create a feminized market of products formerly recognized as traditionally masculine. The identification of the addressee of each publicity material might be subsumed under a set of stereotypes, thus enabling advertisers to get across their message using the code of addressee’s own values. The present paper concentrates on the linguistic specifity of the ads for high-tech goods (automobiles targeting the feminine public and eventually points out their high degree of markedness according to the sex of addressees. Discourse analysis and a closer look at linguistic means appearing in French, Spanish and Polish automotive commercials both reveals a stereotyped woman’s image and shows how they happen to perpetutate it.

  13. Relacionamento cliente-fornecedor: evidências de estudos sobre a indústria automobilística

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosangela Maria Vanalle

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Companies have used new practices of relationship between customers and suppliers in order to improve their supply chains, mainly due to the changes in the global competitive market. The automobile industry, in especial, has suffered important transformations in the relationship among the companies that operate in the supply chain obtaining inputs, components, groups, modules and necessary systems to manufacture a vehicle. This paper is a theoretical research, based on a review of the literature and its objective is to study the models of relationships between customer & supplier and to present case study of these relationships in the Japanese, European, American and Brazilian automobile industries. The aim of this paper is to contribute for the theoretical development on the characterization of models of relationship between assemblers and suppliers.

  14. The beam business: Accelerators in industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hamm, Robert W.; Hamm, Marianne E. [Pleasanton, California (United States)

    2011-06-15

    Most physicists know that particle accelerators are widely used for treating cancer. But few are acquainted with the depth and breadth of their use in a myriad of applications outside of pure science and medicine. Society benefits from the use of particle beams in the areas of communications, transportation, the environment, security, health, and safety - in terms both of the global economy and quality of life. On the manufacturing level, the use of industrial accelerators has resulted in the faster and cheaper production of better parts for medical devices, automobiles, aircraft, and virtually all modern electronics. Consumers also benefit from the use of accelerators to explore for oil, gas, and minerals; sterilize food, wastewater, and medical supplies; and aid in the development of drugs and biomaterials.

  15. Reliability-based design for automobiles in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yimin ZHANG

    2008-01-01

    The level of automobile design and manufac-turing is an important sign of leadership in science and technology and economic power. The achievements of theories and methods for reliability-based design of auto-mobiles in China are reviewed. For reliability-based design, the theories and practices, optimization, sensitiv-ity, and robustness are estimated. The techniques of reli-ability-based design for automobiles are developed. The techniques service to the "hollow" phenomena of kernel technology, product innovative power, and independent development power can be solved.

  16. Standardization Boosts the Development ofCHANGAN AUTOMOBILE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    In the past two decades,CHANGAN AUTOMOBILE has been sticking to its core value of "technology innovation and consistent care" and dedicating to lead the automobile culture by technology innovation.Till now,it has a complete product range of micro vehicles,passenger cars,buses,trucks,SUV,MPV,etc.,and engineplatforms ranging from 0.8L to 2.5L.CHANGAN AUTOMOBILE brand output ranked 13th in the world and first in China in 2009.Its brand value reached 30.515 billion RMB in 2011,among most valuable brands in China.

  17. A Study of the Translation of Automobile Trademark

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘硕

    2014-01-01

    Name is an interesting thing, almost everything has its name. Nowadays along with the rising of consumption levels in China, the brand name of the car becomes an important topic. And the translation of the name of the automobile is the primary task for establishing the global image of the brand. In this paper, I summarize the translation methods for automobile trademarks and point out the importance of the translation of automobile’s trademarks. In addition, this paper explores the trend in the trans-lation of automobile names in China.

  18. 汽车制造企业零部件入场物流循环取货路径优化——以华中某汽车制造企业为例%The Optimization of Milk Run Routing about Automobile Accessory Parts Inbound Logistics——A Case Study of Automobile Industry Company in Centre of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜舒曼

    2013-01-01

    在汽车物流中,整车物流的发展程度较好,而零部件入厂物流因为难度大、技术含量高,实施起来更加困难.很多汽车制造企业都致力于在入场物流环节控制生产成本,提高经济效益.文中以位于华中地区的汽车制造企业为例,介绍了循环取货的方案,并分析了循环取货的方案中一个重要的问题:循环取货模式下车辆路径优化.文中建立循环取货路径优化的数学模型,选用粒子群算法解决这个多维寻优问题,并运用Matlab编程求得了满意解.

  19. Dynamic Analysis of Condenser Assembly of Automobile Air Conditioning System Using CAE Tools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, M.; Singh, D.; Saini, J. S.

    2013-04-01

    With the automotive air-conditioning industry aiming at higher levels of quality, cost effectiveness and a short time to market, the need for simulation is at an all time high. In the present work, the use of dynamics analysis is proposed in the simulation of the automobile air conditioning condenser assembly for the vibration loads. The condenser assembly has been analyzed using the standard testing conditions. The results revealed that the components of condenser assembly may fail due to resonance in dynamic analysis. Thereafter, the condenser assembly was optimized, resulting in a 2 % reduction in mass.

  20. The automobile steel of the third generation in B-pillar reinforced panel

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Du Huijun; Li Shuli; Yang Jie; Yang Hongxin; Bai Kebin

    2012-01-01

    The fundamental research and industry, trials of the third generation automobile steel QP980 were introduced in this paper, including chemical ingredient, mechanical properties, microstructure, forming limit and basic perform- ance parameters. The application of QP steel of the B-pillar was researched, and the QP980, DP600 and hot forming steel were compared in the aspect of formability, safety and cost. The resuhs showed that the QP980 replacing DP600 steel single piece carl reduce the weight by 2.4 kg. The security and performance is basically the same as that of hot forming steel using 22MnB5, and the cost is reduced by 30 %.

  1. Technical change in US industry: A cross-industry analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, R. R. (Editor)

    1981-01-01

    The nature of the public policies which have influenced the pace and pattern of technical progress in a number of American industries is studied with the view of assessing the broad effects of these policies. The industries studied are agriculture, pharmaceuticals, semiconductors, computers, civil aircraft, automobiles and residential construction. The policies considered include research and development funding as well as government procurement, education, information dissemination, patent protection, licensing, regulations, and anti-trust policies.

  2. Brazilian trade policies between 1994 and 2014 and its effects on productivity of the automotive industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefan Hubertus Dörner

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes protectionist measures adopted by Brazilian trade policy between 1994 and the present and possible impacts on productivity of domestic industry and welfare. To limit the scope of this paper, object is the automotive industry due to its outstanding economic importance and contribution to the development of the country. After a short presentation of the main protectionist measures in the world, aspects of productivity in general a brief summary of the automobile industry in Brazil is exposed. Thereafter, the most common protectionist measures as part of Brazilian foreign trade policy, in particular exchange rate, tariff and non-tariff policy and its possible impacts on the productivity of the automotive industry and welfare in the country are discussed

  3. History and future of the motor car. 100 years of ATZ; Geschichte und Zukunft des Automobils. 100 Jahre ATZ

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Siebenpfeiffer, W. [comp.

    1998-04-01

    This special issue published in the 100th year of the journal ``ATZ`` of the motor car industry comprises contributions on this history of car manufacturing in Germany, car producers and suppliers and, not the least, their development programmes. (AKF) [Deutsch] Das Sonderheft zum 100-jaehrigen Erscheinen der Automobil-Fachzeitschrift ``ATZ`` beinhaltet Beitraege, die sich mit den historisschen Aspekten des deutschen kraftfahrzegbas, den Kfz-Herstellern bzw. Zulieferern und nicht zuletzt mit den dazugehoerigen Entwiclungsprogrammen befassen. (AKF)

  4. INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGICAL RESEARCH «DEVELOPMENT OF RUSSIAN MARKET OF NANOTECHNOLOGICAL PRODUCTS IN CONSTRUCTION UNTIL 2020». PART 2. ANALYSIS OF THE WORLD MARKET

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    GUSEV Boris Vladimirovich

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Some results of the industrial research «Development of Russian market of nanotechnological products in construction until 2020» have been published. Authors invite all interested specialists and specialized organization to take part in the broad public discussion.

  5. Analysis for the Dynamic Characteristic of the Automobile Transmission Gearbox

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fujin Yu

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Automobile transmission gearbox, as one of the major components, which will inevitably bring about the vibration and noise of automobile vehicle. The objective of this study to reduce the noise and vibration of automobile transmission by structural optimization of the gearbox in order to better control its functional operation and improve its performance. For this purpose, based on the working characteristics of the gearbox, modal analysis of automobile transmission gearbox is formulated using 3D graphics software Pro/E together with Finite Element Method. In addition, the modal test of gearbox is conducted also. Through comparing model analysis results to test results, test results verify the correctness of the finite element analysis results, thus provide the theoretic basis to analyze its dynamic characteristics of the gearbox structure as well as its improvement to reduce vibration and noise.

  6. Strength Check Analysis for Gear Shaft of Automobile Transmission

    OpenAIRE

    Yongxiang Li; Weiqiang Xia; Liwen Nan; Youjia Zhao; Fujin Yu

    2013-01-01

    As the main drive components of the automobile transmission, the performance of gear shaft plays an important role on transmission performance. Aiming at the existing problems of the traditional strength check method of gear shaft, the objective of this study is to take a five-speed transmission as an example, to accomplish the strength analysis of gear shaft of the automobile transmission based on the MASTA software. Furthermore, the simulation modeling of the transmission is built completel...

  7. Emissions reductions as a result of automobile improvement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pokharel, Sajal S; Bishop, Gary A; Stedman, Donald H; Slott, Robert

    2003-11-15

    Remote sensing of light duty vehicle on-road tailpipe exhaust has been used to measure on-road mass emissions of automobile fleets in Denver for 13 years and in two other U.S. cities for 5 years. Analysis of these fleets shows that newer automobiles, during a period of fairly constant new car standards, have become continually less polluting independent of measurement location. Improving emissions control technology spurred by federal regulations is thought to have brought about these trends.

  8. The part of the international investments in the Russian petroleum industry; La place des investissements internationaux dans l'industrie petroliere russe

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Locatelli, C

    2004-03-01

    The ''russian risk'' is important for the international petroleum companies, in spite of the creation of the TNK-BP joint venture. The investment in the petroleum domain face different and contradictory interests in function of the economic implied actors. To analyze the situation the author discussed the russian petroleum industry as an ''unfinished model'', and how the place for the international investments is limited. (A.L.B.)

  9. Standardization Power Standard Mould Parts Industry to Create A New Future%标准化助力模具标准件行业开创未来

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李婷

    2015-01-01

    Using the standard mould parts not only can shorten the mould manufacturing cycle, and also can im⁃prove the mould quality and reduce mold manufacturing costs. Therefore, application of the standard mold parts may be increasingly widespread. Aiming at standard mould parts industry development prospects and market space, this paper expounds the promotion of mould standardization work is urgently needed, puts forward the countermeasures for the de⁃velopment of standard mold parts industry in China, and points out the development orientation of standard mold parts industry in China.%使用模具标准件不但能缩短模具制造周期,而且能提高模具质量和降低模具制造成本。因此,模具标准件的应用必将日渐广泛。针对模具标准件行业的发展前景和市场空间,阐述了推广模具标准化工作刻不容缓,提出了发展我国模具标准件工业的对策,同时指出了我国模具标准件工业的发展方向。

  10. Sludge in the pulp and paper industry in Sweden, part II[Combustion of]; Slam fraan skogsindustrin, fas II

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gyllenhammar, Marianne; Herstad Svaerd, Solvie; Kjoerk, Anders; Larsson, Sara; Wennberg, Olle [S.E.P. Scandinavian Energy Project AB, Goeteborg (Sweden); Aamand, Lars-Erik [Chalmers Univ. of Technology, Goeteborg (Sweden); Eskilsson, David [Swedish National Testing and Research Inst., Boraas (Sweden)

    2003-11-01

    During part II of this research program combustible sludge from the pulp and paper industry has been studied in detail. 560,000 tonnes of sludge per year (calculated as dry sludge) are produced in Sweden. The energy potential in the produced sludge is about 2 TWh/year. Today 1 TWh/year is produced in the pulp and paper mill's own boilers. This means that additional energy can be utilized from this material. An objective of this program has been to decide whether or not there are sludge types which are favourable respectively difficult to combust. By mixing different sludge types, or other waste products, emissions and/or problems during combustion can be minimized. These possibilities have been studied thoroughly in this program. A lot of sludge samples have been studied in laboratory scale at SP and in full-scale at Chalmers 12 MW CFB boiler. As a complement to the practical tests S.E.P. has done research regarding different aspects of sludge as a fuel; for example handling of sludge and regional drying. The results of 40 sintering tests at SP showed that the sintering temperature during combustion of sludge in a fluidised bed, with silica sand as bed material, varied between <850 deg C and >1100 deg C. The evaluation showed that the alkali content in the ash had the largest influence on the sintering temperature. Other factors were less important. During the tests at Chalmers eleven different sludge samples have been combusted together with wood pellets. Initially there were problems with the feeding to the boiler for some of the sludge samples. When the fuel feeding problems were solved the combustion took place without any problems. When sludge is co-combusted together with a 'clean' base fuel such as wood pellets the sulphur-, nitrogen- and chloride contents in the sludge have a large impact on the emissions. The normal way to reduce sulphur dioxide but also hydrogen chloride is to add lime in different positions into and after the boiler. In

  11. Direct Numerical Simulation of Automobile Cavity Tones

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurbatskii, Konstantin; Tam, Christopher K. W.

    2000-01-01

    The Navier Stokes equation is solved computationally by the Dispersion-Relation-Preserving (DRP) scheme for the flow and acoustic fields associated with a laminar boundary layer flow over an automobile door cavity. In this work, the flow Reynolds number is restricted to R(sub delta*) < 3400; the range of Reynolds number for which laminar flow may be maintained. This investigation focuses on two aspects of the problem, namely, the effect of boundary layer thickness on the cavity tone frequency and intensity and the effect of the size of the computation domain on the accuracy of the numerical simulation. It is found that the tone frequency decreases with an increase in boundary layer thickness. When the boundary layer is thicker than a certain critical value, depending on the flow speed, no tone is emitted by the cavity. Computationally, solutions of aeroacoustics problems are known to be sensitive to the size of the computation domain. Numerical experiments indicate that the use of a small domain could result in normal mode type acoustic oscillations in the entire computation domain leading to an increase in tone frequency and intensity. When the computation domain is expanded so that the boundaries are at least one wavelength away from the noise source, the computed tone frequency and intensity are found to be computation domain size independent.

  12. The Development of Nanotechnologies and Advanced Materials Industry in Science and Entrepreneurship: Socioeconomic and Technical Indicators. A Case Study of Latvia (Part One)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geipele, I.; Geipele, S.; Staube, T.; Ciemleja, G.; Zeltins, N.

    2016-08-01

    The present scientific paper is the first part of two publications, where the authors obtain results from the scientific research presented in a series of works on the development of the nanotechnologies and advanced materials industry in science and entrepreneurship in Latvia. The study has a focus on finding proper socioeconomic and technical indicators. It provides resume on a scope of the study. The paper contains the developed structure of engineering economic indicator system, determined groups of indicators for assessment of the development of nanotechnologies and advanced materials industry in Latvia and results of the evaluation of the obtained statistics on the economic indicators.

  13. The Development of Nanotechnologies and Advanced Materials Industry in Science and Entrepreneurship: Socioeconomic and Technical Indicators. A Case Study of Latvia (Part One

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geipele I.

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The present scientific paper is the first part of two publications, where the authors obtain results from the scientific research presented in a series of works on the development of the nanotechnologies and advanced materials industry in science and entrepreneurship in Latvia. The study has a focus on finding proper socioeconomic and technical indicators. It provides resume on a scope of the study. The paper contains the developed structure of engineering economic indicator system, determined groups of indicators for assessment of the development of nanotechnologies and advanced materials industry in Latvia and results of the evaluation of the obtained statistics on the economic indicators.

  14. 40 CFR Appendix D to Part 403 - Selected Industrial Subcategories Considered Dilute for Purposes of the Combined Wastestream Formula

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... pollutants of concern are present in amounts too small to be effectively reduced by technologies known to the... Plants except Rug Cleaning Industrial Laundries Laundry and Garment Services, Not Elsewhere...

  15. Respiratory morbidity due to ammonia exposure among the employees of a urea manufacturing industry located in western part of India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naman Zala

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Ammonia is produced in the fertilizer industry. The amount of ammonia inhaled by employees of a urea manufacturing industry is very high. It would be interesting to study whether such an amount has any impact on the employees working there for many years. This study explores the magnitude of respiratory morbidity among employees of a urea manufacturing industry and to establish its association with exposure to ammonia. Data was collected related to significant respiratory illnesses of all the employees over a period of 10 years using computer-based medical record system of the industry′s hospital. The results obtained from the data analysis showed that there is no cause and effect relationship between exposure to ammonia and respiratory morbidity. Thus it was advised to the medical authority at industry to go for mass treatment with anthelmintics and that all the employees should be screened for specific allergens and this information should be used while managing respiratory morbidity.

  16. 汽车电子技术的发展与应用%Development and application of automobile electronic technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡舒; 牟明朗

    2012-01-01

      In recent years, with the continuous development of the automotive industry and electronics industry, electronic technology used widely in modern cars, more automotive electronic control systems emerged constantly. Automobile electronic technology applications greatly improved the performance of the car in energy saving, safety, comfort, and other aspects. The application of electronic technology and development of automobile were introduced, the present situation of the application of electronic technology was comprehensively analyzed, and based on above, the automobile electronic technology development tendency and direction were put forward.%  近年来,随着汽车工业与电子工业的不断发展,电子技术在现代汽车上的应用越来越广泛,更多的汽车电子控制系统不断出现。汽车电子技术的应用极大地改善了汽车在节能、安全、舒适等方面的性能。文章介绍了汽车电子技术的应用与发展历程,全面分析了汽车电子技术的应用现状,并在此基础上,提出了汽车电子技术的发展趋势与方向。

  17. Failure analysis of energy storage spring in automobile composite brake chamber

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, Zai; Wei, Qing; Hu, Xiaofeng

    2015-02-01

    This paper set energy storage spring of parking brake cavity, part of automobile composite brake chamber, as the research object. And constructed the fault tree model of energy storage spring which caused parking brake failure based on the fault tree analysis method. Next, the parking brake failure model of energy storage spring was established by analyzing the working principle of composite brake chamber. Finally, the data of working load and the push rod stroke measured by comprehensive test-bed valve was used to validate the failure model above. The experimental result shows that the failure model can distinguish whether the energy storage spring is faulted.

  18. [Influence of embient air pollution by automobile transport on malignancies development in population of Kemerovo city].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larin, S A; Bykov, A A

    2015-01-01

    To reveal relationship between automobile transport emissions and oncologic morbidity among Kemerovo population, the authors selected crossroads and parts of highways with intense traffic. Two groups were observed among the residents of houses near the main crossroads and along highways. As a reference group, residents of houses distant from highways were selected. The study proved that oncologic morbidity is statistically reliably higher among the residents of houses near the crossroads and highways, if compared to that among the residents in houses distant from highways.

  19. Research of Dynamic Material Handling in an Automobile General Assembly Line Based on Real-time Information

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Nan; LI Shi-qi; WANG Jun-feng; ZHANG Zhen-li

    2012-01-01

    The status of material delivery of an automobile general assembly line is analyzed, and the technique to achieve the real-time tracking of assembly status information is proposed based on RFID( Radio Frequency Identification). Thus the consumption of line-side buffer is obtained dynamically, then the type and quantity of needed material are fed back to the subsystem of material handling; the algorithm for determining the best time departure time of delivery driver based on minimizing of total time penalty function is proposed. This approach makes the material amount of a single delivery trip maximized and improves the efficiency of delivery drivers significantly in the case of does not affect the assembly line normal throughput. Additionally, although this dynamic material handling method is developed for the automobile assembly plant, it should be pointed out that this method is also applicable to other mixed model assembly plants such as electronics, semiconductor and aerospace industry.

  20. Anyuan Automobile:Moving Steadily Towards the Global Market An Interview with Su Liqian, General Manager of Wuxi Anyuan Automobile Co., Ltd

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ Wuxi Anyuan Automobile Co., Ltd, located in Wuxi,China's Jiangsu Province,receives investment from Wuxi Anyuan Industry Joint Stock Co., Ltd as an R&D (research and development)center and as a production base for the export of luxurious passenger buses.The company's facilities cover a large area of 90,000 square meters. During the first phase of construction, factory buildings with a floor area of 15,000 square meters were erected, enabling an annual production capacity of 1,500 buses, worth of RMB 0.5 billion. During the second phase, another 20,000 square meters were allocated for use as factory buildings, which brought the company's annual production capacity to 5,000 buses, worth of RMB 1.5 billion. Among the company's 1,200 employees, 196 are working as technical or managerial personnel.

  1. A conceptual framework to explore the roles and contributions of industrial psychologists in South Africa (part 1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Graeme Barnard

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available This study was aimed at developing a conceptual framework against which the roles and contributions of industrial psychologists in South Africa could be explored. Three widely-used business frameworks – Balanced Score Card, South African Excellence Model and King II Report on Corporate Governance for South Africa – were theoretically integrated to produce a multi-dimensional framework to clarify roles and contributions in a discourse familiar to the business community. The framework was subsequently utilised in a follow-up study involving 23 registered industrial psychologists who were asked to clarify specific roles and contributions within each of the dimensions of the framework.

  2. 49 CFR 536.9 - Use of credits with regard to the domestically manufactured passenger automobile minimum standard.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... manufactured passenger automobile minimum standard. 536.9 Section 536.9 Transportation Other Regulations... domestically manufactured passenger automobile minimum standard. (a) Each manufacturer is responsible for..., the domestically manufactured passenger automobile compliance category credit excess or shortfall...

  3. Study on mechanics of bodies under the action of sound pollution in industrial halls. Part II: Analysis of sound pressure inside the hall

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arghir, M.; Lăpuşan, I. L.

    2016-08-01

    In this work, it is taking into account all these phenomena of sounds propagation in given space. Within the framework of the given research is a study in industrial park "Teraplast" from Bistriţa-Năsăud county. This is industrial products for pvc constructions. From the submissions made to the workshops of processing industrial park "Teraplast" has been found, that noise is produced mainly in the power pumps hall. The registrations were made during a normal working days. The recorders made, for one minute, with recorder (NL32, Japanese society RION) in the pump's hall 12 positions were introduced in a high- capacity computer. This second part of the paper contains a natural continuation of the study conducted in the first part. Through the composition of sound waves for each pump in part according to the construction of the hall, gives the sound field generated by sources of power pumps during simultaneous operation. Field of noise sources inside the hall of power pumps determines an acoustic pressure on the walls of the hall. Taking into consideration the frequencies that are threatening the construction of the hall, will be presented successively acoustic pressure what special expertise to the hall walls the pressures of 230Hz, 350Hz, 800Hz and 1400Hz. This study is important for the acoustic pressure made from the "Teraplast" enterprise inside, and outside the halls.

  4. Analysis of China’s Aluminum Usage in the Transport Industry in 2009—Part

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    <正>Ⅱ. Aluminum Use in Railway Transport Railway transport vehicles include railway rolling stock and urban light rail transport vehicles. In recent years, with the rapid development of domestic transport industry, aluminum usage in railway transport vehicles has made significant breakthrough.

  5. A COMPARISON OF GREEN SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT PRACTICES AMONG INDUSTRIES SECTORS IN CHINA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Ying; Miyadera, Tetsuhiko; Fujita, Tsuyoshi

    This paper aims to examine the differences of Green supply chain management (GSCM) implementation among chemical, automobile and machinery industries in China based on a questionnaire survey designed by Industrial Ecology at two industrial parks in Shenyang city. Exploratory factor analysis and one way analysis of variance (ANOVA) were used to analyze the data. The main result was that the GSCM practices of the three industries are still at a beginning stage. The level of GSCM practices of automobile industry (promoted by international market competition) was higher than those of chemical and machinery industry (promoted by domestic laws and policies).

  6. Diverging business strategies towards climate change : a USA-Europe comparison for four sectors of industry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Woerd, van der K.F.; Wit, de C.M.; Kolk, A.; Levy, D.L.; Vellinga, P.; Behlyarova, E.

    2004-01-01

    The research project has investigated what strategies specific sectors of industry develop to limit greenhouse gas emissions. In an USA-Europe co-operation, researchers have analysed emerging climate strategies in the oil industry, the automobile industry, the chemical industry and the bank and insu

  7. Automobile air-conditioning its energy and environmental impact; La climatisation automobile impact energetique et environnemental

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barbusse, St.; Gagnepain, L.

    2003-05-01

    Over the last three decades, automobile manufacturers have made a lot of progress in specific fuel consumption and engine emissions of pollutants. Yet the impact of these improvements on vehicle consumption has been limited by increased dynamic performances (maxi-mum speed, torque), increased safety (power steering and power brakes) and increased comfort (noise and vibration reduction, electric windows and thermal comfort). Because of this, the real CO{sub 2}-emission levels in vehicles is still high in a context where road transport is a major factor in the balance sheet of greenhouse gas emissions, thus in complying with the inter-national climate convention. Although European, Japanese and Korean manufacturers signed an important agreement with the European Commission for voluntarily reducing CO{sub 2} emissions from their vehicles, with a weighted average emission goal by sales of 140 grams per km on the MVEG approval cycle by 2008, it has to be noted that the European procedures for measuring fuel consumption and CO{sub 2} emissions do not take accessories into account, especially air-condition ng (A/C). The big dissemination of this equipment recognized as a big energy consumer and as using a refrigerant with a high global warming potential ed ADEME to implement a set of assessments of A/C's energy and environmental impact. In particular these assessments include studies of vehicle equipment rates, analyses of impact on fuel consumption as well as regulated pollutant emissions in the exhaust, a characterization of the refrigerant leakage levels and an estimate of greenhouse gas emissions for all air-conditioned vehicles. This leaflet summarizes the results of these actions. All of these studies and additional data are presented in greater detail in the document,-'Automobile Air-conditioning' (ADEME reference no. 4985). (author)

  8. Illustrating Newton's Second Law with the Automobile Coast-Down Test.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bryan, Ronald A.; And Others

    1988-01-01

    Describes a run test of automobiles for applying Newton's second law of motion and the concept of power. Explains some automobile thought-experiments and provides the method and data of an actual coast-down test. (YP)

  9. The External Effects of Automobile Exhaust Pollution and Regulations%汽车尾气污染的外部效应及政府规制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    葛小抱

    2013-01-01

    The great increase of the number of motor vehicles exacerbates China's urban air pollution, and will pose a huge threat to human health. To solve the negative impact of the development of the automobile industry not only is the needs of protecting environment and building a harmonious society, but also is the inevitable requirement for the sustained and healthy development of the automobile industry. This paper briefly introduces the external effects of automobile exhaust pollution and the current research situation, and focuses on the government regulations for external effects of automobile exhaust pollution.%机动车数量的猛增加剧了我国城市的空气污染,对人体健康构成巨大威胁。解决汽车产业发展带来的负面影响,既是保护环境构建和谐社会的需要,也是该产业健康持续发展的必然要求。文章简要介绍了汽车尾气污染的外部效应及当前的研究状况,重点阐述了针对汽车尾气污染外部效应的政府规制。

  10. Improving the CO2 performance of cement, part II : Framework for assessing CO2 improvement measures in cement industry

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Cement production is among the largest anthropogenic sources of carbon dioxide (CO2) and there is considerable pressure on the cement industry to reduce these emissions. In the effort to reduce CO2 emissions, there is a need for methods to systematically identify, classify and assess different improvement measures, to increase the knowledge about different options and prioritize between them. For this purpose a framework for assessment has been developed, inspired by common approaches within ...

  11. Industrial effluent costs in some Spanish regions and other parts of the EU. Canons and taxes of water treatment; El coste del vertido industrial en varias comunidades autonomas espanolas y en algunos territorios europeos. Los canones y tasas de depuracion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Grau Rahola, J.; Munoz Requena, A.; Ruaix Prat, T.

    2009-07-01

    In this article, the different systems existing in the Spanish regions for paying all the expense related to industrial effluents are examined and compared with the ones in use in other parts of the EU. Also, the degree of fulfillment of the economic objectives of the Water Framework Directives is determined. The findings are quite clear that there is a comparative disadvantage in the sense that some of the regions have not even regulated and instrument to ensure the principle of Who pollutes, pays, there is a widespread unequal treatment for the same type of effluent within Spain and there is clear evidence of a transfer of resources from the industrial use to the domestic one. (Author)

  12. Physicochemical properties of Brazilian cocoa butter and industrial blends. Part II Microstructure, polymorphic behavior and crystallization characteristics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ribeiro, A. P. B.

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The microstructural behavior of industrial standardized cocoa butter samples and cocoa butter samples from three different Brazilian states is compared. The cocoa butters were characterized by their microstructural patterns, crystallization kinetics and polymorphic habits. The evaluation of these parameters aided in establishing relationships between the chemical compositions and crystallization behavior of the samples, as well as differentiating them in terms of technological and industrial potential for use in tropical regions.

    En este trabajo se presenta el comportamiento de la microestructura y la cristalización de mantecas de cacao representativas de las mezclas industriales, y de la manteca de cacao original de tres regiones geográficas diferentes de Brasil. Las muestras se evaluaron de acuerdo a la microestructura, la cinética de cristalización y el comportamiento polimórfico. La evaluación de estos parámetros nos permite establecer relaciones entre la composición química y el comportamiento de la cristalización de las muestras, así como las diferencias sobre la adecuación del potencial tecnológico e industrial para su aplicación en las regiones tropicales.

  13. Design of a TFT-LCD Based Digital Automobile Instrument

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yunsong Xu

    2014-01-01

    instrument and gives an introduction to the sampling circuits and interfaces related to these signals. Following this is the functional categorizing of the circuit modules, such as video buffer circuit, CAN bus interface circuit, and TFT-LCD drive circuit. Additionally, the external EEPROM stores information of the vehicle for history data query, and the external FLASH enables the display of high quality figures. On the whole, the accomplished automobile instrument meets the requirements of automobile instrument markets with its characters of low cost, favorable compatibility, friendly interfaces, and easy upgrading.

  14. Adhesion coefficient of automobile tire and road surface

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘长生

    2008-01-01

    The adhesion coefficient of automobile tire and road surface was analyzed and the formula about it was derived.Some suggestions about highway construction,driving safety of the drivers and the judgment of the traffic accidents were presented.The results show that the adhesion coefficient is a function with the extreme value.If there is atmospheric pressure in the tire,the load of the vehicle and the degree of the coarse on the road surface is not selected properly,it will reach the least and affect the safety of the running automobile.

  15. Industrial Waste

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Thomas Højlund

    2011-01-01

    generation rates and material composition as well as determining factors are discussed in this chapter. Characterizing industrial waste is faced with the problem that often only a part of the waste is handled in the municipal waste system, where information is easily accessible. In addition part...... of the system industry has to inform at the planning stage and afterwards in yearly reports on their waste arising and how the waste is managed. If available such information is very helpful in obtaining information about that specific industry. However, in many countries there is very little information...... available about industrial waste – maybe also influenced by the policy of the industry as to making information publicly available. The data presented in this chapter is scarce and maybe not fully representative for the industrial sectors and hence should be used with caution only....

  16. 49 CFR 393.128 - What are the rules for securing automobiles, light trucks and vans?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false What are the rules for securing automobiles, light... automobiles, light trucks and vans? (a) Applicability. The rules in this section apply to the transportation of automobiles, light trucks, and vans which individually weigh 4,536 kg. (10,000 lb) or...

  17. 17 CFR 256.309 - Automobiles, other vehicles, and related garage equipment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Automobiles, other vehicles... § 256.309 Automobiles, other vehicles, and related garage equipment. This account shall include the delivered cost of all service company owned automobiles, vans, trucks, and other vehicles used by...

  18. 40 CFR 600.311-86 - Range of fuel economy for comparable automobiles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... automobiles. 600.311-86 Section 600.311-86 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY... Regulations for 1977 and Later Model Year Automobiles-Labeling § 600.311-86 Range of fuel economy for comparable automobiles. (a) The Administrator will determine the range of city and the range of highway...

  19. 40 CFR 600.311-08 - Range of fuel economy for comparable automobiles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... automobiles. 600.311-08 Section 600.311-08 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY... Regulations for 1977 and Later Model Year Automobiles-Labeling § 600.311-08 Range of fuel economy for comparable automobiles. (a) The Administrator will determine the range of combined fuel economy values...

  20. 76 FR 61779 - Agency Information Collection (Application for Automobile or Other Conveyance and Adaptive...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-05

    ... AFFAIRS Agency Information Collection (Application for Automobile or Other Conveyance and Adaptive... refer to ``OMB Control No. 2900-0067.'' SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: Application for Automobile or..., servicepersons and their survivors complete VA Form 21-4502 to apply for automobile or other conveyance...

  1. 26 CFR 48.4061(a)-5 - Sale of automobile truck bodies and chassis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 16 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Sale of automobile truck bodies and chassis. 48..., Tread Rubber, and Taxable Fuel Automotive and Related Items § 48.4061(a)-5 Sale of automobile truck bodies and chassis. (a) Sale of completed vehicle. An automobile truck (as defined by §...

  2. Green Project in Auto Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang Wei

    2007-01-01

    @@ Automobile industry in China is developing very fast,which brings great business opportunities.In 2006,China was ranked the third in the world only after the United States and Japan in terms of auto sales.As the vehicle population in China is rocketing,a series of related social problems are emerging.How to fast develop auto industfy,and at the same time,protect our lwing environment? A green project is in urgent need.

  3. [Part-time employment for the elderly in the North Rhine-Westphalia metal and electronics industry].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barkholdt, C; Frerichs, F; Sczesny, C; Stackelbeck, M

    2000-08-01

    A postal survey targeted at 1000 firms in the metal- and electronic working industry of Northrhine Westfalia was carried out by Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund und Institute of gerontology to analyze the implementation of the collective agreement concerning partial retirement. As the results show, firms in Northrhine Westfalia are willing to accept the collective agreement and use partial retirement though there are still problems left to solve. Firms are further using partial retirement as an instrument of early retirement. Therefore partial retirement is created as a so-called "blocked model".

  4. Textbook of Military Medicine. Part 3. Disease and the Environment. Volume 2. Occupational Health. The Soldier and the Industrial Base

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-01-01

    1963. Report 69-37-1109-83. 16. US Army Environmental Hygiene Agency. Helth Hawrd Assessment (H1L4), Notse Haznards Associate with O4weatin O the...Occupational Helth : The Soldier and the Industrial Base be adequate to eva;uate this impulse noise hazard. This would entail the analysis of the present...data base analysis. Sound ViA. 1989,23:14-18. 103. Bragdon CRI Noise Polluliom: The Unquiet Crisis . Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Pass; 197M

  5. Applying Natural Sciences to Studying History: Regarding the Example of England and the Industrial Revolution Part II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucy Badalian

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available In the previous article of this series we presented a bio-ecological approach to studying history. It was shown that societies from the first civilizations to our days are techno-ecosystems (coenoses and do not differ much from the natural ecosystems of a lake or a forest, which are also restricted by their supplies of food. Historically, a succession of distinctive nestled geo-climatic zones was domesticated as the older ones were exhausted due to growing demographic pressure. In this context, evolution is not synonymous with competition. Cooperation of mutually dependent species is crucial for domesticating a new ecosystem, while at specific moments in its lifecycle, competition intensifies leading to speciation. In this article, we use this concept for analyzing a specific society. We show that the Industrial Revolution was England’s specific adaptation to the limitations of its geo-climatic zone. Timber, the main resource of the pre-industrial age, was essential for ship building and metal smelting. It was abundant in its main rival’s, France’s, geo-climatic habitat, but scarce in deforested England. Using its abundant local resource, coal, in an innovative way, this particular society, just like an emergent biological species, gained an evolutionary edge over its neighbors by opening access to new sources of food. The “workshop of the world” started with export-oriented textile production and ended as the major colonial power of its time. At the start of its rise to supremacy, during the 1805 battle at Trafalgar, Lord Nelson smashed the combined French-Spanish navies using short and light cast-iron cannons. They were much less precise than the long bronze ones favored by Napoleon, but, in the right hands, gave the first taste of industrial might to the England’s foes. Under Britain’s dominance, the 19th century’s Oikumene was completely remade and covered with smokestacks. We show subsequent stages of England

  6. THE USE OF CORRELATION ANALYSIS IN AIC SUGAR INDUSTRY (PART 1 –AUTOCORRELATION AND PRIVATE AUTOCORRELATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhmurko D. Y.

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This article is devoted to the practical application of economic-mathematical methods (based on correlation analysis to control the economic parameters of the integrated production systems sugar subcomplex (IPS SS AIC oriented to meet the needs in the sugar production of the population not only of individuals, but also of the regions and the country as a whole. This article discusses and solves the following tasks: autocorrelation and partial autocorrelation functions, cross-correlation function (correlation matrix study of deciduous macroeconomics series, with appropriate verification (test Durbin - Watson. The study used Statistica, MS Excel and Xlstat add-in. The work describes experiments with various kinds of nonstationary time series of the agricultural sector and food industry sugar subcomplex, as well as the test results on the difficulty of communication between them. We have identified industry-high cycles. The article presents results of numerical experiments autocorrelation of the time series of sugar production, acreage, gross harvest and yield of sugar beet and sugar cane, by country. Systematically, we describe ideas and methods underlying the correlation analysis. We have given the evaluation of the results of correlation analysis on each type. Further, it can be assumed that the proposed techniques will greatly affect a key points when making recommendations for new models of production of sugar products, market-oriented – this will minimize the time and cost of the finished product that will make a more stable position in the sector for this integrated production system in relation to its competition

  7. Punching of lateral holes on automobile hub%汽车轮毂斜孔的冲制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄晓慧; 吴向红

    2001-01-01

    介绍了汽车轮毂侧孔成形新方法的工作原理、模具结构及典型零件设计。该成形方法较传统的生产工艺有效率高、精度高等优点,并大大提高了零件动平衡能力,稳定了产品合格率。%The work principle, die structure and typical part design of the new forming method of lateral holes on automobile hub have been introduced. This new method has higher efficiency and precision than the traditional technology with stability of eligibility of product and has improved the dynamic balance ability and quality of automobile hub significantly.

  8. Market Energy efficient and new fuel automobile developments

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>Tsinghua University develops mini electric car OUYANG Mingbao, dean of automotive engineering and director of the key national laboratory of automobile safety and energy efficiency, has recently delivered a speech on the development of mini electric car in the university.

  9. Magnetic properties and heavy metal contents of automobile emission particulates

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LU Sheng-gao; BAI Shi-qiang; CAI Jing-bo; XU Chuang

    2005-01-01

    Measurements of the magnetic properties and total contents of Cu, Cd, Pb and Fe in 30 automobile emission particulate samples indicated the presence of magnetic particles in them. The values of frequency dependent susceptibility (χfd)showed the absence of superparamagnetic (SP) grains in the samples. The IRM20 mT (isothermal remanent magnetization at 20 mT)being linearly proportional to SIRM (saturation isothermal remanent magnetization) (R2=0.901), suggested that ferrimagnetic minerals were responsible for the magnetic properties of automobile emission particulates. The average contents of Cu, Cd, Pb and Fe in automobile emission particulates were 95.83, 22.14, 30.58 and 34727.31 mg/kg, respectively. Significant positive correlations exist between the magnetic parameters and the contents of Pb, Cu and Fe. The magnetic parameters of automobile emission particulates reflecting concentration of magnetic particles increased linearly with increase of Pb and Cu content, showed that the magnetic measurement could be used as a preliminary index for detection of Pb and Cu pollution.

  10. Hysteretic Current Controlled Zvs Dc/Dc Converter For Automobile

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cernat, M.; Scortarul, P.; Tanase, A.

    2007-01-01

    A novel bi-directional dc-dc converter with ZVS and interleaving for dual voltage systems in automobiles is presented. A variable frequency extended band hysteretic current control method is proposed. In comparison with classical fixed frequency current control PWM, the reverse polarity peak curr...

  11. Classification of Surface Quality of Automobile Lamp—Reflector

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁旭军; 贺莉清; 等

    2002-01-01

    This paper introduces an installation for quickly classifying automobile's metal reflectors based on their roughness.The measuring principle and the mechanical structure are presented.Schematics of circuits and experimental results are given.Elimination and reduction of the effect of background lights or different bulbs on the measuring results are also described in detail.

  12. BEGA-a biaxial excitation Generator for automobiles

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Scridon, S.; Boldea, Ion; Tutelea, L.

    2005-01-01

    This paper presents the design and test results for a biaxial excitation generator/motor for automobiles (BEGA), which has a three-phase stator and a salient-pole excited heteropolar rotor with multiple flux barriers filled with low-cost permanent magnets (PMs). For this new generator, the low...

  13. Six changes with the new Regulations on Automobile Loans

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    <正> On Aug 16, 2004, the People’s Bank of China and China Banking Regulatory Commission (CBRC) jointly issued the new version of the Regulations on Automobile Loans. Due to be put into implementation on Oct 1, the new Regulations change radically compared with the previous version in terms of creditors, possible borrowers, rate of down payments, loan periods, etc.

  14. Trajectory for Industrial Upgrade

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU YUNYUN

    2010-01-01

    @@ The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) ordered the closure of outdated production lines in 18 industries as part of the country's plan to upgrade its industrial structure and move up the value chain.

  15. Performance Investigation of Automobile Radiator Operated with ZnFe2O4 Nano Fluid based Coolant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tripathi Ajay

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The cooling system of an Automobile plays an important role in its performance, consists of two main parts, known as radiator and fan. Improving thermal efficiency of engine leads to increase the engine's performance, decline the fuel consumption and decrease the pollution emissions. Water and ethylene glycol as conventional coolants have been widely used in radiators of an automotive industry for many years. These heat transfer fluids offer low thermal conductivity. With the advancement of nanotechnology, the new generation of heat transfer fluids called, “nanofluids” have been developed and researchers found that these fluids offer higher thermal conductivity compared to that of conventional coolants. This study focused on the preparation of Zinc based nanofluids (ZnFe2O4 using chemical co-precipitation method and its application in an automotive cooling system along with mixture of ethylene glycol and water (50:50. Relevant input data, nanofluids properties and empirical correlations were obtained from literatures to investigate the heat transfer enhancement of an automotive car radiator operated with nano fluid-based coolants. It was observed that, overall heat transfer coefficient and heat transfer rate in engine cooling system increased with the usage of nanofluids (with ethylene glycol the base-fluid compared to ethylene glycol (i.e. base-fluid alone. It is observed that, about 78% of heat transfer enhancement could be achieved with the addition of 1% ZnFe2O4 particles in a base fluid at the Reynolds number of 84.4x103 and 39.5x103 for air and coolant respectively

  16. Technical and Economic Working Domains of Industrial Heat Pumps: Part 2 - Ammonia-Water Hybrid Absorption-Compression Heat Pumps

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Jonas Kjær; Ommen, Torben Schmidt; Markussen, Wiebke Brix

    2014-01-01

    The ammonia-water hybrid absorption-compression heat pump (HACHP) is a relevant technology for industrial heat supply, especially for high sink temperatures and high temperature glides in the sink and source. This is due to the reduced vapour pressure and the non-isothermal phase change...... of the zeotropic mixture, ammonia-water. To evaluate to which extent these advantages can be translated into feasible heat pump solutions, the working domain of the HACHP is investigated based on technical and economic constraints. The HACHP working domain is compared to that of the best possible vapour...... compression heat pump with natural working fluids. This shows that the HACHP increases the temperature lifts and heat supply temperatures that are feasible to produce with a heat pump. The HACHP is shown to be capable of delivering heat supply temperatures as high as 140 XC and temperature lifts up to 60 K...

  17. Technical and economic working domains of industrial heat pumps: Part 2 - ammonia-water hybrid absorption-compression heat pumps

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Jonas Kjær; Ommen, Torben Schmidt; Markussen, Wiebke Brix

    2015-01-01

    The ammonia-water hybrid absorption-compression heat pump (HACHP) has been proposed as a relevant technology for industrial heat supply, especially for high sink temperatures and high temperature glides in the sink and source. This is due to the reduced vapour pressure and the non-isothermal phase...... change of the zeotropic mixture, ammonia-water. To evaluate to which extent these advantages can be translated into feasible heat pump solutions, the working domain of the HACHP is investigated based on technical and economic constraints. The HACHP working domain is compared to that of the best available...... vapour compression heat pump with natural working fluids. This shows that the HACHP increases the temperature lifts and heat supply temperatures that are feasible to produce with a heat pump. The HACHP is shown to be capable of delivering heat supply temperatures as high as 150 °C and temperature lifts...

  18. SUSTAINABILITY COST ACCOUNTING - PART 1: A MONETARY PROCEDURE TO EVALUATE THE SUSTAINABILITY OF TECHNOLOGIES IN THE SOUTH AFRICAN PROCESS INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. C. Brent

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available

    ENGLISH ABSTRACT: The development and management of new technologies is fundamental to the manufacturing sector as a core operational initiative. Managers of a new technology are increasingly pressurised to consider the economic, environmental, and social impacts associated with the life cycle of the technology (and product during decision-making – i.e. the overall sustainability of the technology. At present, there is no consensus on a methodology to incorporate externalities – for example, environmental and social impacts at macro-level, for which a company is (typically not held financially liable – into management practices. This paper introduces the Sustainability Cost Accounting (SCA procedure, whereby externalities (burdens and benefits are translated into financial terms to assess the overall sustainability performance of a developed technology in the process industry.

    AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: ‘n Sentrale operasionele initiatief van die vervaardigings-industrie is die ontwikkeling en bestuur van nuwe tegnologieë. Bestuurders van nuwe tegnologieë word toenemend onder druk geplaas om die ekonomiese-, omgewings-, en sosiale impakte, wat verwant is aan die lewenssiklus van ‘n tegnologie (of produk, in ag te neem tydens besluitneming ten opsigte van die globale volhoudbaarheid van die tegnologie. Op hierdie stadium is daar geen konsensus oor die metodologie wat gevolg moet word om eksterne faktore – bv. omgewings- en sosiale impakte op makrovlak, waarvoor ‘n maatskappy tipies nie aanspreeklik gehou word nie – te inkorporeer in die bestuurpraktyk. Hierdie artikel stel die Volhoudbaarheid Kosterekeningkunde (VKR prosedure voor, waarvolgens die oorgrote volhoudbare prestasie, in terme van eksterne voor- en nadele van ‘n ontwikkelde tegnologie, in die prosesindustrie ge-assesseer kan word in finansiële terme.

  19. Competence: sciences, clean engines: the automobile safety; Competences: sciences, moteurs propres: le salut de l'automobile

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Quiret, M.

    2004-05-01

    In the framework of the greenhouse gases emission reduction in the automobile sector, this paper presents the possible technological innovations for the engines: an optimization prior to the combustion hopeful the electronic of the injections, the consumption decrease and the electromagnetic valves. (A.L.B.)

  20. Mind the gap; The vicious circle of measuring automobile fuel use

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schipper, L.; Figueroa, M.J.; Price, L. (Strategic Air Command, Offutt AFB, NE (United States). Aircraft Engineering Div.); Espey, M. (California Univ., Davis, CA (United States). Dept. of Agricultural Economics)

    1993-12-01

    We review the circularity between estimates of automobile use, fuel consumption and fuel intensity. We find that major gaps exist between estimates of road gasoline, the quantity most often used to represent automobile fuel use in economic studies of transport fuel use, and the actual sales data of gasoline, diesel and other fuels used for automobiles. Significant uncertainties exist in values of both the number of automobiles in use and the distance each is driven, which together yield total automobile use. We present our own calculations for total automobile fuel use for a variety of OECD countries. We comment briefly on the impact of these gaps on econometric estimates of the price and income elasticities of automobile fuel use. (author)

  1. Forensic engineering of advanced polymeric materials. Part III - Biodegradation of thermoformed rigid PLA packaging under industrial composting conditions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Musioł, Marta; Sikorska, Wanda; Adamus, Grazyna; Janeczek, Henryk; Richert, Jozef; Malinowski, Rafal; Jiang, Guozhan; Kowalczuk, Marek

    2016-06-01

    This paper presents a forensic engineering study on the biodegradation behaviour of prototype packaging thermoformed from PLA-extruded film and plain PLA film under industrial composting conditions. Hydrolytic degradation in water was conducted for reference. The effects of composting duration on changes in molar mass, glass transition temperature and degree of crystallinity of the polymeric material were monitored using gel permeation chromatography (GPC) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The chemical structure of water soluble degradation products of the polymeric material was determined using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS). The results show that the biodegradation process is less dependent on the thermoforming process of PLA and more dependent on the composting/degradation conditions that are applied. The increase in the dispersity index, leading to the bimodal molar mass distribution profile, suggests an autocatalytic hydrolysis effect at the early stage of the composting process, during which the bulk hydrolysis mechanism dominantly operates. Both the prototype PLA-packaging and PLA rigid film samples were shown to have a gradual increase in opacity due to an increase in the degree of crystallinity.

  2. Physico-chemical properties of Brazilian cocoa butter and industrial blends. Part I Chemical composition, solid fat content and consistency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ribeiro, A. P. B.

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available A comparative study of the primary properties of six cocoa butter samples, representative of industrial blends and cocoa butter extracted from fruits cultivated in different geographical areas in Brazil is presented. The samples were evaluated according to fatty acid composition, triacylglycerol composition, regiospecific distribution, melting point, solid fat content and consistency. The results allowed for differentiating the samples according to their chemical compositions, thermal resistance properties, hardness characteristics, as well as technological adequacies and potential use in regions with tropical climates.

    En este trabajo se presenta un estudio comparativo de las propiedades primarias de mantecas de cacao, representativas de las mezclas industriales, y de la manteca de cacao original de diferentes zonas geográficas de Brasil. Las muestras fueron evaluadas de acuerdo a la composición de ácidos grasos, composición de triglicéridos, distribución de los ácidos grasos en las moléculas de triglicéridos, punto de fusión, contenido de grasa sólida y consistencia. Los resultados permitieron diferenciar las muestras por su composición química, propiedades de resistencia térmica, características de dureza, así como en materia de adecuaciones tecnológicas y los usos potenciales en las regiones de clima tropical.

  3. A BSC method for supplier selection strategy using TOPSIS and VIKOR: A case study of part maker industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adel Azar

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available In recent decades, provision-chain management has been one of the major concepts. The main reason that attracts attention to the concept is the increase in competition and struggle for the survival. There are different ways to increase the competition in organizations such as increasing productivity by acquiring information technology. In this paper, we present an integrated model with the balanced score card framework for supplier selection strategy. The proposed model of this paper gathers 161 important factors suggested in the literature and selects the six most important ones using different multi criteria techniques. We also propose a goal programming techniques with some hard constraints and implement the mathematical model for real-world case study of auto industry. The proposed model is solved in four different forms using TOPSIS, VIKOR and the combination of these 2 factors with factor analysis. The preliminary results indicate that a combination of VIKOR and factor analysis presented better results with 9% reduction in costs, 38% increase of quality, and 3.2% increase in acceptability.

  4. Non-malignant respiratory diseases and occupational exposure to wood dust. Part I. Fresh wood and mixed wood industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacobsen, Gitte; Schaumburg, Inger; Sigsgaard, Torben; Schlunssen, Vivi

    2010-01-01

    This paper reviews associations in literature between exposure to wood dust from fresh wood and non-malignant respiratory diseases. Criteria for inclusion are epidemiological studies in English language journals with an internal or external control group describing relationships between wood dust exposure and respiratory diseases or symptoms. The papers took into account smoking, and when dealing with lung function took age into consideration. A total of 25 papers concerning exposure to fresh wood and mixed wood formed the basis of this review. The results support an association between fresh wood dust exposure and asthma, asthma symptoms, coughing, bronchitis, and acute and chronic impairment of lung function. In addition, an association between fresh wood dust exposure and rhino-conjunctivitis was seen across studies. Apart from plicatic acid in western red cedar wood, no causal agent was consistently disclosed. Type 1 allergy is not suspected of being a major cause of wood dust induced asthma. Concurrent exposure to microorganisms and terpenes probably add to the inherent risk of wood dust exposure in the fresh wood industry.

  5. SYSTEM-COGNITIVE MODEL OF FORECASTING THE DEVELOPMENT OF DIVERSIFIED AGRO-INDUSTRIAL CORPORATIONS. PART II. SYNTHESIS AND MODEL VERIFICATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lutsenko Y. V.

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available In this article, in accordance with the methodology of the Automated system-cognitive analysis (ASCanalysis, we examine the implementation of the 3rd ASC-analysis: synthesis and verification of forecasting models of development of diversified agro-industrial corporations. In this step, we have synthesis and verification of 3 statistical and 7 system-cognitive models: ABS – matrix of the absolute frequencies, PRC1 and PRC2 – matrix of the conditional and unconditional distributions, INF1 and INF2 private criterion: the amount of knowledge based on A. Kharkevich, INF3 – private criterion: the Chi-square test: difference between the actual and the theoretically expected absolute frequencies INF4 and INF5 – private criterion: ROI - Return On Investment, INF6 and INF7 – private criterion: the difference between conditional and unconditional probability (coefficient of relationship. The reliability of the created models was assessed in accordance with the proposed metric is similar to the known F-test, but does not involve the performance of normal distribution, linearity of the object modeling, the independence and additivity acting factors. The accuracy of the obtained models was high enough to resolve the subsequent problems of identification, forecasting and decision making, as well as studies of the modeled object by studying its model, scheduled for consideration in future articles

  6. Research on World Automobile Lamps and Lighting Technology%世界汽车灯具及灯光技术研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    俞培锋

    2012-01-01

    文章是国内外汽车灯具的技术分析和总结。文章首先简介了汽车灯具的分类及基本结构;其次细述了如何依照国标对灯具进行配光性能检测和各类环境试验;最后揭示了世界汽车灯具的未来发展趋势。是汽车灯具行业的纲领性技术文件,是目前世界主要车灯技术的集大成者,对从事汽车灯光的工作人员具有重要指导作用.%This article is a technology analysis and summary of domestic and foreign automobile lamps. Firstly, the paper introduces the classification and basic structure of automobile lamps; secondly, how to carry out the photometric characteristics tests and the environmental tests is described in detail in accordance with national standards for lamps; finally, it reveals the developing trend of worhl automobile lamps in future. This article is a progranunatic technical document for automobile lamps industry, and it is a synthesizer of major world automotive lighting technology. It plays an important role in guiding the staff engaged in automotive lighting.

  7. 汽车整车性能检测系统的设计%Design of Detection System for Automobile Performance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高红红; 劳奇成; 卢春霞

    2011-01-01

    为了保证汽车安全行驶和减少环境污染,需要对汽车的操纵稳定性、行驶平稳性和环保性等进行检测.该检测系统以工业计算机和插入式数据采集控制板为核心,利用网络及通信技术等实现了汽车整车性能的流水线式检测.正常情况下,可以供至少三辆车同时在线检测,且检测过程不需要辅助人员(驾驶员除外),从而减少了人为误差,提高了检测效率.%The drive stability, ride stationarity, arid environmental conservation of automobile are necessary to be tested to ensure safe traffic and reduce environmental pollution of automobiles. The industrial computer, plug-in data acquisition and control boards are the core of the detection system, and the network and communication technology are used to realize pipeline the automobiles. Normally, at least three automobiles can be tested simultaneously, and the assistant personnel (except the driver) are not needed in the test process, thus the artificial errors are reduced and the detection efficiency is improved.

  8. Impact of After-Sales Performances of German Automobile Manufacturers in China in Service Satisfaction and Loyalty. With a Particular Focus on the Influences of Cultural Determinants.

    OpenAIRE

    Frass, Alexander

    2016-01-01

    [EN] After-sales services have become very important in the automobile industry. However, this area has not been sufficiently researched, particularly with regard to China, the most important car market globally. In this respect, German manufacturers play a leading role because they dominate the premium market segment. When it comes to services, the one thing that is especially important in China is culture. At the same time, this is exactly where a scientific gap exists because the cultural ...

  9. Corrosion of metals and alloys - Corrosion and fouling in industrial cooling water systems - Part 1: Guidelines for conducting pilot-scale evaluation of corrosion and fouling control additives for open recirculating cooling water systems

    CERN Document Server

    International Organization for Standardization. Geneva

    2006-01-01

    Corrosion of metals and alloys - Corrosion and fouling in industrial cooling water systems - Part 1: Guidelines for conducting pilot-scale evaluation of corrosion and fouling control additives for open recirculating cooling water systems

  10. Technical and economic working domains of industrial heat pumps: Part 1 - single stage vapour compression heat pumps

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ommen, Torben Schmidt; Jensen, Jonas Kjær; Markussen, Wiebke Brix;

    2015-01-01

    A large amount of operational and economic constraints limit the applicability of heat pumps operated with natural working fluids. The limitations are highly dependent on the integration of heat source and sink streams. An evaluation of feasible operating conditions was carried out considering...... the constraints of available refrigeration equipment and a requirement of a positive net present value of the investment. Six heat pump systems were considered, corresponding to an upper limit of the sink temperature of 120 °C. For each set of heat sink and source temperatures the best available technology...... was determined. The results showed that four different heat pump systems propose the best available technology at different parts of the complete domain. Ammonia systems presented the best available technology at low sink outlet temperature. At high temperature difference between sink in- and outlet...

  11. A life-cycle comparison of alternative automobile fuels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacLean, H L; Lave, L B; Lankey, R; Joshi, S

    2000-10-01

    We examine the life cycles of gasoline, diesel, compressed natural gas (CNG), and ethanol (C2H5OH)-fueled internal combustion engine (ICE) automobiles. Port and direct injection and spark and compression ignition engines are examined. We investigate diesel fuel from both petroleum and biosources as well as C2H5OH from corn, herbaceous bio-mass, and woody biomass. The baseline vehicle is a gasoline-fueled 1998 Ford Taurus. We optimize the other fuel/powertrain combinations for each specific fuel as a part of making the vehicles comparable to the baseline in terms of range, emissions level, and vehicle lifetime. Life-cycle calculations are done using the economic input-output life-cycle analysis (EIO-LCA) software; fuel cycles and vehicle end-of-life stages are based on published model results. We find that recent advances in gasoline vehicles, the low petroleum price, and the extensive gasoline infrastructure make it difficult for any alternative fuel to become commercially viable. The most attractive alternative fuel is compressed natural gas because it is less expensive than gasoline, has lower regulated pollutant and toxics emissions, produces less greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, and is available in North America in large quantities. However, the bulk and weight of gas storage cylinders required for the vehicle to attain a range comparable to that of gasoline vehicles necessitates a redesign of the engine and chassis. Additional natural gas transportation and distribution infrastructure is required for large-scale use of natural gas for transportation. Diesel engines are extremely attractive in terms of energy efficiency, but expert judgment is divided on whether these engines will be able to meet strict emissions standards, even with reformulated fuel. The attractiveness of direct injection engines depends on their being able to meet strict emissions standards without losing their greater efficiency. Biofuels offer lower GHG emissions, are sustainable, and

  12. Shannxi Heavy-duty Automobile Co., Ltd Launch Delong X 3000%陕汽重卡德龙X3000全系自卸车全国上市

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    窦伟杰

    2016-01-01

    Oct. 8, 2016, Shannxi Heavy-duty Automobile Co., Ltd held a grand event at Xi’an Shannqi Commercial Vehicles Industrial Park to launch Delong series of tippers, including new model of waste-collection vehicle, highway tippers and mine-tippers, which were for southwest market and Tibetan region exclusively.

  13. Industrial applications of laser diagnostics

    CERN Document Server

    Deguchi, Yoshihiro

    2011-01-01

    Tighter regulations of harmful substances such as NOx, CO, heavy metals, particles, emissions from commercial plants and automobiles reflect a growing demand for lowering the anthropogenic burdens on the environment. It is equally important to monitor controlling factors to improve the operation of industrial machinery and plants. Among the many methods for doing this, laser diagnostics stands out. Taking a practical approach, Industrial Applications of Laser Diagnostics discusses how to apply laser diagnostics to engines, gas turbines, thermal and chemical plant systems, and disposal faciliti

  14. Mass, energy and material balances of SRF production process. Part 1: SRF produced from commercial and industrial waste.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nasrullah, Muhammad; Vainikka, Pasi; Hannula, Janne; Hurme, Markku; Kärki, Janne

    2014-08-01

    This paper presents the mass, energy and material balances of a solid recovered fuel (SRF) production process. The SRF is produced from commercial and industrial waste (C&IW) through mechanical treatment (MT). In this work various streams of material produced in SRF production process are analyzed for their proximate and ultimate analysis. Based on this analysis and composition of process streams their mass, energy and material balances are established for SRF production process. Here mass balance describes the overall mass flow of input waste material in the various output streams, whereas material balance describes the mass flow of components of input waste stream (such as paper and cardboard, wood, plastic (soft), plastic (hard), textile and rubber) in the various output streams of SRF production process. A commercial scale experimental campaign was conducted on an MT waste sorting plant to produce SRF from C&IW. All the process streams (input and output) produced in this MT plant were sampled and treated according to the CEN standard methods for SRF: EN 15442 and EN 15443. The results from the mass balance of SRF production process showed that of the total input C&IW material to MT waste sorting plant, 62% was recovered in the form of SRF, 4% as ferrous metal, 1% as non-ferrous metal and 21% was sorted out as reject material, 11.6% as fine fraction, and 0.4% as heavy fraction. The energy flow balance in various process streams of this SRF production process showed that of the total input energy content of C&IW to MT plant, 75% energy was recovered in the form of SRF, 20% belonged to the reject material stream and rest 5% belonged with the streams of fine fraction and heavy fraction. In the material balances, mass fractions of plastic (soft), plastic (hard), paper and cardboard and wood recovered in the SRF stream were 88%, 70%, 72% and 60% respectively of their input masses to MT plant. A high mass fraction of plastic (PVC), rubber material and non

  15. Applying Natural Sciences to Studying History: Regarding the Example of England and the Industrial Revolution. Part I

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucy Badalian

    2011-04-01

    amount of available food supplies is restricted by a single factor only, namely, the price of oil. Below, using an example from the Industrial Revolution, we will show that the process of utilizing a newfound resource by building a society around it is essentially cyclical. Social organisms evolve in regular and recurring patterns, not unlike birth, youth, maturity and death of biological beings. Each of these steps has its own functionality and must be lived through, much like the fact that one can’t mother children until she reaches puberty. That is why this approach possesses significant predictive capabilities. 

  16. Mathematical Modeling of an Automobile Damper

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. B. Kate, T. A. Jadhav

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available - In an automotive industry, to reduce product development time and increase quality of product, it is essential to reduce the number of physical prototypes and rely more on precise & reliable design for the final design of vehicles. This paper presents a mathematical model for the damping force of the hydraulic shock absorber which is implemented to analyse the shock absorbers mounting brackets attached to the vehicle structure. Physical testing results indicate that the considered shock absorber’s mathematical model is reliable and can be used to calculate the durability target life of mounting brackets. Thus this presented methodology can be utilized as an effective way to reduce time and cost in design and development of automotive components.

  17. Analysis of the importance of drug packaging quality for end users and pharmaceutical industry as a part of the quality management system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lončar Irma M.

    2013-01-01

    's overall quality management system. For them, a big financial investment in the complete traceability chain was not feasible because of the inability to achieve competitive prices in the market. Since only three of surveyed companies were part of international chains, these findings open the path for new research that would include more multinational drug manufacturers from the region, in order to fully comprehend the importance of investing in the drug chain traceability and protection against counterfeiting, as a part of total quality management process in the pharmaceutical industry. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 179001

  18. Study on the Fuzzy COntrol Strategy of Automobile with CVT

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HuJianjun; QINDatong; 等

    2002-01-01

    In order to study the dynamic characteristics of automobile with a CVT system, a bond graph analysis model of continuously variable transmission is established.On the base of the simulation state space equations that are established with bond graph theory,a fuzzy control strategy with an expert system of starting process has been introduced.Considering uncertain system parameters and exterior resistance disturbing,the effect of the profile of membership function and the defuzzification algorthm on the capacity of the fuzzy controller has been studied.The result of simulation proves that the proposed fuzzy controller is effective and feasible,Such controller has been employed in the actual control and has proved practicable.The study lays a foundation for design of the fuzzy controller for automobile with a CVT system.

  19. AN FE ANALYSIS OF REINFORCED SUBGRADE UNDER AUTOMOBILE LOADING

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YAN Shuwang; ZHANG Xinqiang; LIU Run

    2004-01-01

    An FE analysis procedure was presented to predict the behavior of soil-geogrid interaction under automobile loading. The dynamic interactions between the transverse bars, the longitudinal ribs and the soil were simulated by a system consisting of nonlinear springs, dashpots and masses, to study the deformation properties of the reinforced soil. The equivalent stiffness and damping ratios could be determined with the shaking table. The dynamic responses of a reinforced subgrade were analyzed with the 3D finite element approach. This approach is programmed and applied to analyze the soil-geogrid interaction under dynamic loading. The comparative analysis of the response of the reinforced subgrade and that of the subgrade without reinforcement shows that the geogrid placed at the bottom of the base layer may effectively reduce the accumulative plastic deformation due to the cyclic automobile loading.

  20. The Inherited Traditional Culture of Automobile Molding DNA Design Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Song Qiang

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Design of automobile modeling DNA is the core that makes enterprises establish a good and unique brand image to win on market. This paper described the definition and meaning of production DNA, also discussed the composition of production DNA and researched the design ideas of production DNA from both macro and micro aspects. Finally, it recommended would research the traditional culture into the past, present and future of three periods, explored the idea of traditional culture that the automobile modeling DNA inherited under these three periods and analyzed with the red flag car as an example. This research provided a guideline to help automotive corporations to implement brand strategies, and helped to design autos with Chinese elements, sense of the times and fashion trends and can perform the modern mental outlook of Chinese people.

  1. Basic conditions of foundry industry of Guangxi province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ 1. Metal casting industry in Guangxi 1.1 General situation For a long time, the industrial basis of Guangxi Zhuang Nationality Autonomous Region had been weak, and the foundry industry was comparatively backward in techniques. Since 1990' s of last century, the rapid progress of Guangxi has been achieved in machinery industry, especially the automobile industry, the engineering machinery industry and so forth, have effectively promoted the development of foundry industry.Now, the total annual output of various metal castings produced in the whole autonomous region is almost up to 300 000 tons.

  2. Utilization of by-products from the tequila industry. Part 2: Potential value of Agave tequilana Weber azul leaves.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iñiguez-Covarrubias, G; Díaz-Teres, R; Sanjuan-Dueñas, R; Anzaldo-Hernández, J; Rowell, R M

    2001-04-01

    The leaves of the agave plant are left in the field after harvesting the heads for tequila production. Different types of agave leaves were isolated, classified, and their content in the total plant determined. The usable fractions were collected and their properties determined. Of the total wet weight of the agave plant, 54% corresponds to the agave head, 32% corresponds to materials which could be usable for sugar and fiber production which leaves 14% of the wet plant without apparent utility. The fractions with higher total reducing sugars (TRS) content were the fresh fraction of partially dry leaves stuck to the head and the leaf bases with a TRS content of 16.1% and 13.1%, respectively. The highest TRS concentration (16-28%) is in the agave head which is used for tequila production. The leaves are 90-120 cm long and 8-12 cm wide and contain fiber bundles that are 23-52 cm long and 0.6-13 mm wide. The ultimate fiber length is approximately 1.6 mm with an average width of 25 microns. There are several types of leaf fibers that can be utilized depending on what part of the plant they come from and what product is desired. Agave leaf fibers were pulped using a soda pulping process and the pulp was hand formed into test sheets. Test sheets made from pulped agave leaf fibers had a breaking length comparable to paper made from both pine and eucalyptus fibers, but the tear index and burst index were lower than the other two papers.

  3. Research Into Automobile Movement on a Curve Under Winter Conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kristina Kemzūraitė

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes the movement of the car on the curve on the slippery and snowy road surface with asphalted ruts. The paper reviews literature related to lateral and longitudinal vehicle acceleration and dynamics of vehicle movement. The experimental facts of vehicle lateral acceleration are given in graphical charts. The article also describes the acceleration values and stability of the automobile depending on the speed in the curve. The findings are given based on the results.Article in Lithuanian

  4. 130 Modeling of the automobile suspension by the functional model

    OpenAIRE

    桐山, 啓; 角田, 鎭男; 長松, 昭男; 御法川, 学; 岩原, 光男; Kiriyama, Akira; Sumida, Shizuo; Nagamatsu, Akio; Minorikawa, Gaku; Iwahara, Mitsuo

    2003-01-01

    Modeling for an action simulation is performed focusing on the suspension system of a car using the modeling technique called the functional model that had been developed by one of the authors. Simulation analysis of the suspension system of a car was performed in the three dimensional field. It was shown that the method based on the modeling concept of functional model can express the general dynamic characteristic of the automobile suspension.

  5. Automobile shredder residue: some recycling, resource recovery and disposal options

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Day, M. [National Research Council of Canada, Inst. for Chemical Process and Environmental Technology, Ottawa, ON (Canada)

    2001-07-01

    Obsolete automobiles are the most recycled high-volume consumer product, with a recovery rate of between 75 and 80 per cent by weight. Ferrous scrap metal from old automobiles in North America amounts to about 10 million tons per year. However, each ton of steel that is recovered, produces about 300 kg of automobile shredder residue (ASR), comprised of plastics, rubber, glass, foam, and textiles, contaminated by oil and other fluids. All combined, this represents about 0.3 million tons of waste materials from the 22 shredders in Canada. This amount is likely to increase as the amount of steel in automobiles decreases due to downsizing and weight reduction, emphasizing the need for new resource recovery and application techniques to deal with the ASR problem. This paper describes a number of new initiatives primarily in two areas: separation technologies, ranging from selective disassembly to physical/mechanical/chemical separation processes, and pyrolysis techniques for the recovery of valuable hydrocarbon resources contained in the plastics in the ASR. Recycling of the material into high performance composite materials, such as additives to concrete for increased tensile strength, shrinkage and crack resistance, without adverse effect on other properties such as durability and workability, also received attention. Energy recovery options and engineered landfilling wherein ASR is used as a landfill day cover material, are some other techniques that show considerable promise. In landfill applications the high absorption capacity of ASR for heavy metals such as lead, its high compressibility, erosion resistance, and good traction make it a highly desirable choice for use as day cover material. 25 refs.

  6. Translation of Automobile Brands from the Perspective of Skopos Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘竹林; 王俊

    2013-01-01

    With the steady growth of the Chinese economy, more and more countries are focusing on China. A great number of brands are entering the Chinese market and auto brand is one of them. Brand translation plays an important role for success of opening international market. This paper applies the Skopos theory to automobile brand translation, so as to provide a new angle to translation practice.

  7. Public health, autonomous automobiles, and the rush to market.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelley, Ben

    2017-01-23

    The USA has the worst motor vehicle safety problem among high-income countries and is pressing forward with the development of autonomous automobiles to address it. Government guidance and regulation, still inadequate, will be critical to the safety of the public. The analysis of this public health problem in the USA reveals the key factors that will determine the benefits and risks of autonomous vehicles around the world.

  8. Chang Jiang and Her "Automobiles and China" Program

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1996-01-01

    ANCHORWOMAN Chang Jiang of China Central Television (CCTV) enjoys popularity for her Automobiles and China program, which she writes and hosts. The program which started in 1994 aroused a comparatively strong response in the society because of its serious and deep thought about this absorbing topic. It took her twenty months to finish this program. Hundreds of people were interviewed and five notebooks were filled with reference materials. The script was revised seven times.

  9. Strength Check Analysis for Gear Shaft of Automobile Transmission

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yongxiang Li

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available As the main drive components of the automobile transmission, the performance of gear shaft plays an important role on transmission performance. Aiming at the existing problems of the traditional strength check method of gear shaft, the objective of this study is to take a five-speed transmission as an example, to accomplish the strength analysis of gear shaft of the automobile transmission based on the MASTA software. Furthermore, the simulation modeling of the transmission is built completely to simulate the actual load conditions and complete the process of analysis for the gear shaft. Analytical results show that all gear shafts can fully meet the strength requirements, in addition to the input shaft which has any further improvements. Hence, it is indicated that a new design concept is put forward, that is, using specialized software MASTA for transmission modeling and simulation analysis can heavily improve the design level of the gear shaft, provide the theoretic basis to analyze the dynamic characteristics of gear shaft as well. Finally, it can provide references for the development and application of gear shaft of the automobile transmission.

  10. Quartz and respirable dust in the Dutch construction industry: a baseline exposure assessment as part of a multidimensional intervention approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Deurssen, Erik; Pronk, Anjoeka; Spaan, Suzanne; Goede, Henk; Tielemans, Erik; Heederik, Dick; Meijster, Tim

    2014-07-01

    Quartz exposure can cause several respiratory health effects. Although quartz exposure has been described in several observational workplace studies, well-designed intervention studies that investigate the effect of control strategies are lacking. This article describes a baseline exposure study that is part of a multidimensional intervention program aiming to reduce quartz exposure among construction workers. In this study, personal respirable dust and quartz exposure was assessed among 116 construction workers (bricklayers, carpenters, concrete drillers, demolishers, and tuck pointers). Possible determinants of exposure, like job, tasks, and work practices, use of control measures, and organizational and psychosocial factors, were explored using exposure models for respirable dust and quartz separately. Stratified analyses by job title were performed to evaluate the effect of control measures on exposure and to explore the association between control measures and psychosocial factors. Overall, 62% of all measurements exceeded the Dutch occupational exposure limit for quartz and 11% for respirable dust. Concrete drillers and tuck pointers had the highest exposures for quartz and respirable dust (0.20 and 3.43mg m(-3), respectively). Significant predictors of elevated quartz exposure were abrasive tasks and type of material worked on. Surprisingly, in a univariate model, an increased knowledge level was associated with an increase in exposure. Although control measures were used infrequently, if used they resulted in approximately 40% reduction in quartz exposure among concrete drillers and tuck pointers. Only among concrete drillers, the use of control measures was associated with a higher score for social influence (factor 1.6); knowledge showed an inverse association with use of control measures for concrete drillers, demolishers, and tuck pointers. In conclusion, the detailed information on determinants of exposure, use of control measures, and constraints to

  11. Solar powered automobile automation for heatstroke prevention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Navtej Swaroop; Sharma, Ishan; Jangid, Santosh

    2016-03-01

    Heatstroke inside a car has been critical problem in every part of the world. Non-exertional heat stroke results from exposure to a high environmental temperature. Exertional heat stroke happens from strenuous exercise. This paper presents a solution for this fatal problem and proposes an embedded solution, which is cost effective and shows the feasibility in implementation. The proposed system consists of information sharing platform, interfacing of sensors, Global System Mobile (GSM), real time monitoring system and the system is powered by the solar panel. The system has been simulated and tested with experimental setup.

  12. Des automobiles et des hommes : les débuts de l'Automobile Club Dauphinois (1899-1904)

    OpenAIRE

    Arriola, Élodie

    2008-01-01

    Publication partielle du vol. 1 (22 p. sur 143).; Dès son invention, l'automobile passionne les hommes. Son introduction dans la société est le résultat de l'action de quelques hommes, des passionnés de modernité qui voient en ce nouveau moyen de transport une façon d'affirmer la suprématie de l'homme sur la machine et le temps. En Isère, ces hommes s'organisent autour de l'Automobile Club Dauphinois (ACD), dès la fin du XIXe siècle. L'aventure de l'ACD est remarquable. Cette association uniq...

  13. 41 CFR 301-10.310 - What will I be reimbursed if I am authorized to use a Government automobile and I use a privately...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... reimbursed if I am authorized to use a Government automobile and I use a privately owned automobile instead... automobile and I use a privately owned automobile instead? (a) Reimbursement based on Government costs—Unless you are committed to using a Government automobile as provided in paragraph (b) of this section,...

  14. Process industries - graphic arts, paint, plastics, and textiles: all cousins under the skin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simon, Frederick T.

    2002-06-01

    The origin and selection of colors in the process industries is different depending upon how the creative process is applied and what are the capabilities of the manufacturing process. The fashion industry (clothing) with its supplier of textiles is the leader of color innovation. Color may be introduced into textile products at several stages in the manufacturing process from fiber through yarn and finally into fabric. The paint industry is divided into two major applications: automotive and trades sales. Automotive colors are selected by stylists who are in the employ of the automobile manufacturers. Trade sales paint on the other hand can be decided by paint manufactureres or by invididuals who patronize custom mixing facilities. Plastics colors are for the most part decided by the industrial designers who include color as part of the design. Graphic Arts (painting) is a burgeoning industry that uses color in image reproduction and package design. Except for text, printed material in color today has become the norm rather than an exception.

  15. 汽车悬架系统建模与仿真研究%The Model Building And Simulation Of The Automobile Suspension System Reserch

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵海宾; 赵巍

    2016-01-01

    The automobile suspension is a multi-body system and the motion relationship among the parts is very complicated, so it brings many difficulties to compute the various characteristics with traditional methods. The Automobile suspension kinetics and dynamic simulation has been a very critical task in automobile design and development and it provides a rapid and effective method to design automobile suspension.%汽车悬架系统是一个比较复杂的多体系统,其构件之间的运动关系十分复杂,这就给使得传统的计算方法分析悬架的各种特性带来许多的困难。因此,悬架的运动学和动力学仿真分析在汽车悬架特性的研究中起着重要作用,并为悬架系统的设计和开发提供了一种先进高效快捷的方法。

  16. Industrial vision

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knudsen, Ole

    1998-01-01

    This dissertation is concerned with the introduction of vision-based application s in the ship building industry. The industrial research project is divided into a natural seq uence of developments, from basic theoretical projective image generation via CAD and subpixel analysis to a description...... of the experienc e achieved during the project is provided. The project is industrial oriented. An essential part of the project has been focused on the possi-bilities for immediate use of the results. A full implemented application doing vision ba sed positioning is described. It is concluded that visionbased...

  17. 汽车新技术的应用现状与发展趋势探析%The Application Status and Development Trend of New Technology of Automobile Huang Zhirong

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄志荣

    2015-01-01

    With the development of automobile technology, people put forward higher requirements on the operation, comfort and safety of automobile. Network technology, electronic technology, intelligent technology, control technology, and so on, has been applied to the automobile, the development of the automobile industry technology has brought a more safe and comfortable car. The development of various new technologies will continue to change the automotive technology. The status quo and development trend of the application of new technology of automobile.%随着汽车技术的发展,人们对汽车的操纵性、舒适性和安全性提出了更高的要求。网络技术、电子技术、智能技术、控制技术等不断被应用于汽车上,汽车行业技术的发展给消费者带来了更加安全、舒适的汽车。各种新技术的发展必将不断改变汽车技术。对汽车新技术的应用现状和发展趋势进行了探析。

  18. 关于在技工院校设立汽车装配专业问题的研究%Research about establishing automobile assemble specialty in technical school

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白雪峰

    2014-01-01

    介绍了我国汽车工业发展对汽车装配工需求的发展变化,阐释了当前技工院校汽车专业存在的问题以及在技工院校设立汽车装配专业的必要性,论述了技工院校汽车装配专业的课程结构及课程体系的开发方法以及“双师”型教师队伍建设、一体化教学、实习教学和教学质量保障体系的建设等问题。%This article introduces the development and change in demanding automobile assembly workers for development of China automobile industry, indicates problems of automobile specialty in technical school and necessity of establishing automobile assemble specialty, discusses course structure and course system development methods of establishing automobile assemble specialty in technical school, and problems about double-quality teacher faculty establishing, integrated teaching, practicum teaching and teaching quality guarantee system establishing.

  19. 基于MATLAB GUI的汽车外灯控制系统演示模型%DEMONSTRATION MODEL OF CONTROL SYSTEM FOR EXTERIOR AUTOMOBILE LIGHTING BASED ON MATLAB GUI

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭洪源; 许维胜; 余有灵

    2012-01-01

    This paper proposes a demonstration model of control system for exterior automobile lighting based on Matlab GUI after analysed the control pattern of exterior automobile lighting of existing electronic appliances in automobile industry, and which has been adopted at last. The Matlab software has the characteristic of good scalability, and has powerful computation function, the Matlab Guide development environment it integrates is convenient in establishing friendly man-machine interface. The application of this scheme makes the function management of exterior automobile lighting more intuitive; moreover, it facilitates the modification of control logic and function of exterior automobile lighting.%在分析现有汽车行业电子电器汽车外灯控制方式的基础上,提出一种基于Matlab GUI的汽车外灯控制系统演示模型,并最终得到应用.Matlab软件具有很好的拓展性,并且具有强大的计算功能,其集成的Matlab Guide开发环境方便建立良好的人机交互界面.该方案的应用使得汽车外灯功能管理变得更加直观,并且便于对汽车外灯控制逻辑以及功能进行修改.

  20. Assessment of Lateral Driving Stability of Automobiles Passing by the Pylon Zone under Cross Wind

    OpenAIRE

    Dalei Wang; Airong Chen

    2012-01-01

    In order to explore the reason of lateral instability of automobile passing by the pylon zone of cablesupported bridge under cross wind, a new evaluation method of lateral driving stability of automobile considering alternative cross wind is established based on multi-objective driving stability criteria and subjective assessment. Typical driving control process and dynamic response of automobile passing by the pylon zone is given by numerical simulation based on steering wheel fixed-control ...

  1. Effect of automobile operating condition on the subjective equivalence of steering wheel vibration and sound

    OpenAIRE

    2007-01-01

    For the manufacturers of automobiles, automobile components and fuels, subjective equivalence relationships between vibration and sound can be used as a reference against which to plot the results from simulations or tests of specific operational conditions. The research described here was performed to define curves of subjective equivalence between steering wheel rotational vibration and sound using stimuli from different automobile operating conditions. The steering wheel acceleration stimu...

  2. Research on the recycling industry development model for typical exterior plastic components of end-of-life passenger vehicle based on the SWOT method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Hongshen; Chen, Ming

    2013-11-01

    In-depth studies on the recycling of typical automotive exterior plastic parts are significant and beneficial for environmental protection, energy conservation, and sustainable development of China. In the current study, several methods were used to analyze the recycling industry model for typical exterior parts of passenger vehicles in China. The strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and challenges of the current recycling industry for typical exterior parts of passenger vehicles were analyzed comprehensively based on the SWOT method. The internal factor evaluation matrix and external factor evaluation matrix were used to evaluate the internal and external factors of the recycling industry. The recycling industry was found to respond well to all the factors and it was found to face good developing opportunities. Then, the cross-link strategies analysis for the typical exterior parts of the passenger car industry of China was conducted based on the SWOT analysis strategies and established SWOT matrix. Finally, based on the aforementioned research, the recycling industry model led by automobile manufacturers was promoted.

  3. Biotechnology. Part 1: Historical aspects. Part 2: Microbiological engineering. Part 3: Enzymatic engineering. Part 4: Genetical engineering. Part 5: Quality control in biological industry. Part 6: Bio technologies in France and in the world; Biotechnologie. Partie 1: Historique. Partie 2: Le genie microbiologique. Partie 3: Le genie enzymatique. Partie 4: Le genie genetique. Partie 5: Controle qualite en bio-industrie. Partie 6: Les biotechnologies en France et dans le monde

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bouquet, J. [Lycee de Lille, 59 (France); Arnaud, A.; Galzy, P. [Ecole Nationale Superieure Agronomie de Montpellier, 34 (France); Guiraud, J.P. [Montpellier-2 Universite, 34 (France). Institut Superieur Ingenieurs de Montpellier; Leveau, J.Y.; Bouix, M.; Berset, C.; Goursaud, J.; Cuvelier, G.F. [Ecole Nationale Superieure des Industries Agricoles et Alimentaires, 91 - Massy (France); Engasser, J.M. [Institut Polytechnique de Lorraine, 54 - Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy (France); Cerisier, Y. [CNCM Institut Pasteur, 75 - Paris (France); Richard, H. [Ecole Nationale Superieure des Industries Agricoles et Alimentaires, 91 - Massy (France). Laboratoire de Chimie des Substances Naturelles; Scriban, R. [Ecole Nationale Superieure des Industries Alimentaires, 59 - Douai (France); Teoule, E. [Paris-6 Universite, 75 (France). Laboratoire Station de Genetique et d`Amelioration des Plantes; Martal, J. [INRA, 78 - Jouy-en-Josas (France); Mawas, C. [INSERM, Cancerologie et Therapeutique experimentales, 13 - Marseille (France); Pourquie, J. [Institut National Agronomique, 75 - Paris (France); Vandecasteele, J.P. [Institut Francais du Petrole, 92 - Rueil-Malmaison (France); Iwema, A. [Agence de l`eau Rhone-Mediterranee-Corse, 69 - Pierre-Benite (France); Lebeault, J.M. [Compiegne Universite, Centre de Recherche de Royalieu, 60 (France); Steenbrugge, H. [Gaz de France, 59 - Lille (France); Pierrard, S. [Veterinaire Inspecteur, 70 - Vesoul (France); Normand-Plessier, F. [Elf Sanofi, 94 - Gentilly (France); Raugel, P.J. [Economiste International, 94 - Ivry-sur-Seine (France); Guerrini, M.; Jupin, C. [Institut National de la Propriete Industrielle, 75 - Paris (France); Thomas, D. [Compiegne Universite Technologique, 60 (France)]|[Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes URA,CNRS, 60 - Compiegne (France); Nettancourt, D. de [Commission des Communautes Europeenes, Bruxelles (Belgium)

    1993-12-31

    The fourth edition of the book ``biotechnology`` has just been published. It keeps the general frame of the previous editions while adding the analysis of new areas such as the animal world, the environment, the question of patentability, the standards and regulations, the stake of research and formation in the CEE, the importance of the scientific research for the reciprocal understanding of bio technologies and environmental problems, the respect of the biological variety.. Among the treated subjects, those particularly interesting for the ETDE database are the waste waters and industrial wastes and the natural gas. Didactic guide particularly well documented by a valuable bibliography, this work is an indispensable tool for teacher-searcher, students and engineers. (O.M.) 1113 refs.

  4. Progress on Research of Advanced High-Strength Steel for Automobile%先进高强度汽车用钢的研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑花

    2016-01-01

    随着全社会对节约能源,保护环境意识的不断提高,轻量化已成为当今汽车工业的一个重要课题。钢铁材料是目前乃至今后很长一段时间内最适合汽车制造的材料,为了满足汽车工业发展的需求,各汽车制造商和钢铁公司都加快了向高强度钢方向的发展。文中对国内外各种高强度钢的研究以及应用现状进行了简述,并对未来汽车用高强度钢的研究方向进行了预测。%With the continuous improvement of the energy and environmental requirements, lightweight has become an important topic for today's automotive industry. Steel is the most suitable material for the manufacture of automobile in the present and future. In order to meet the needs of the developing automobile industry, car manufacturers and steel companies are accelerating to develop high-strength steel. This article introduces the application of all kinds of high-strength steel at home and abroad, and points out the direction of the future high-strength steel for automobile.

  5. Study on the Automobile Insurance Damage Survey Model%汽车保险查勘定损模式的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐洪杰

    2016-01-01

    The development of auto insurance damage survey technology for auto insurance industry has a very important role,the improvement of damage survey technology can affect the development and progress of automobile insurance industry. Based on the basic concepts of the modern automobile insurance survey,patterns,and the analysis of the survey process,this paper speculates the mode of the automobile insurance damage survey.%汽车保险查勘定损技术的发展对于汽车保险行业有着非常重要的作用,查勘定损技术的提高能够影响到汽车保险业的发展和进步。通过对当代汽车保险查勘定损的基本概念、模式和查勘流程的分析,从而构思我国未来汽车保险查勘定损的模式。

  6. Cotton Spinning Industry Reports Continued Growth (Part B) Analysis of economic performance of China’s cotton spinning industry in Q1-Q3 (Continued from Nov. 15, 2010)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Manufacturing and sales According to data collected from 11,934 statistics-worthy Chinese cotton spinning enterprises surveyed by National Bureau of Statistics of China, total industrial production value of the industry increased 27.39 percent

  7. Application and Research Progress of Polyurethane Materials for Automobile%汽车用聚氨酯材料的应用与研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘文济; 涂伟萍; 王锋; 陈军

    2015-01-01

    介绍了聚氨酯( PU)材料在汽车工业上的应用现状及研究进展,重点介绍了应用最为广泛的PU泡沫塑料、弹性体、胶粘剂、涂料和PU革。指出了汽车用PU材料未来发展方向。%The present application situation and the development of some kinds of polyurethane materials for automobile industry were introduced. The polyurethane foam, polyurethane elastomer, polyurethane adhesive, poly⁃urethane coatings and polyurethane leather were introduced emphatically. The future developing direction of polyu⁃rethane materials for automobiles was pointed out.

  8. 2002 survey - energy, petroleum, natural gas, automobile, environment; Panorama 2002 - energie, petrole, gaz naturel, automobile, environnement

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Giannesini, J.F. [Institut Francais du Petrole (IFP), 92 - Rueil-Malmaison (France); Schweitzer, L.; Fayolle, J.P. [Renault, 92 - Boulogne Billancourt (France); Nejat Veziroglu, T. [Association Hydrogen Energy (Canada); Alleau, Th. [Association Francaise de l' Hydogene, 75 - Paris (France); Gueguen, C. [Totalfinaelf raffinerie de Feyzin, 69 - Lyon (France)

    2002-07-01

    The French institute of petroleum (IFP) has organized its seventh annual international 'Panorama' colloquium on the theme: fuels of the future. This document brings together the different invited talks given in Paris, Lyon and Brussels on this theme: a summary of 2001 highlights in the oil and gas industry given by J.F. Giannesini (IFP head's adviser), a prospective analysis of future automotive fuels with respect to fossil fuel reserves depletion and environmental policy constraints given by L. Schweitzer (president of Renault car making industry), a presentation of the hydrogen and synthetic fuel energy systems of the 21. century by T. Nejat Veziroglu (president of the international association for hydrogen energy), a presentation of the economical, environmental, technical and political aspects of hydrogen as a future energy vector by T. Alleau (president of the French association of hydrogen AFH2), the formulation of future automotive fuels as seen from the eye of the refinery engineer by C. Geguen (technical director of Feyzin refinery (TotalFinaElf)), and a last paper about the recent and future evolutions of diesel engines for industrial vehicles by J.P. Fayolle (director of engines R and D, Renault industrial vehicles). (J.S.)

  9. The air pollution of automobile origin among Parisian artisans taxi drivers: perception inquiry and exposure study; La pollution atmospherique d'origine automobile chez les chauffeurs de taxi artisans parisiens: enquete de perception et etude d'exposition

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zagury, E.

    1998-02-11

    The study concerns the impact of the atmospheric pollution of automobile origin in the drivers population. It includes two parts:the first part is an inquiry to 188 Parisian artisans taxi drivers, with a questionnaire. The objective is to determine the behavior about this phenomenon and what perception they have of it. The second part is an exposure study that consists in four pollutants (carbon monoxide, fine particulates in suspension, nitrogen monoxide and nitrogen dioxide). It is in order to reveal the concentrations of these pollutants inside 29 cabs during the professional activity. The taxi drivers complain of headaches, eyes and throat irritations, respiratory difficulties. The results of exposure measurements show 3.8 p.p.m. for carbon monoxide, 168 micrograms/m{sup 3} for the fine particulates in suspension, 625 micrograms for nitrogen monoxide and 139 micrograms/m{sup 3} for nitrogen dioxide. These measures are clearly higher than these ones measured in Parisian ambient air, even higher than these ones of stations that are exposed to the maximum level to automobile effluents. (N.C.)

  10. Linux in Industrial Control Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Riesco, T

    2001-01-01

    Today the Linux operating system has become a real alternative for industrial control systems. Linux supports all layers in control systems starting with Real-Time or embedded systems for data acquisition, following with treatment, storage, communication and data adaptation, and finally, with supervision and user interfaces. In the last years the Linux development has grown being incorporated in several industrial systems demonstrating high performance, availability and stability for complex processes in chemical, automobile or petrol industries. In many of these industries Linux architectures have been tested and validated successfully. The new CERN policy supporting Linux, as well as the emergence of cheap and robust Linux solutions, motivates its implementation in our safety control and supervision systems in the near future.

  11. A study on morbidity among automobile service and repair workers in an urban area of South India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mathew Philip

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Service sector in Indian industrial growth has obtained significant numbers. Automobile service industry is one of the largest in the world with a majority of the workers in unorganized sector of the industry. This study was carried out among auto service industry workers in Vellore urban area to assess possible occupation related morbidity. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional observation study was carried out among 106 automobile repair shop workers. Results: Half (47% suffered work related stress, 32 (30.2% reported exposure to dust, 81 (76% to heat, and 50 (17% to hazardous chemicals and heavy metals. More than 90% reported over exposure to petroleum products. A third reported cough for more than 2 weeks, more than a quarter reported gastrointestinal symptoms associated with work. Half of them reported musculoskeletal complaints associated with work with a quarter reporting un-intentional work place injuries. A tenth of them were found to have reduced pulmonary function on testing and nearly half had impaired sensory functions in peripheries. Reduced pulmonary function was found to be significantly associated with heavy metal exposure (P = 0.001. Peripheral neuropathy was significantly associated with years of occupation (P = 0.001, exposure to petroleum products (P = 0.03 and exposure to heavy metals (P = 0.018. Discussion: Half of the workers were unaware of health problems associated with their occupational exposures and thereby the use of personal protection is abysmally low. A very high proportion of workers had symptoms of cough, breathlessness, abdominal pain, abdominal discomfort and muscle aches. Almost a quarter of the workers had un-intentional occupational injuries in the last 6 months. Though they work in a high-risk environment with chances of fire hazard, falls and chemical exposures, none of the workshops had fire-extinguishers, first aid kits or any such safety devices.

  12. Individualized solutions to environmental problems: a case of automobile pollution

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Urmetzer, P.; Blake, D. E.; Guppy, N. [British Columbia Univ., Vancouver, BC (Canada)

    1999-09-01

    Air pollution associated with motor vehicle use is one of the prime indicators of the tension between consumerism and the environment. The use of private automobiles seems so convenient, whereas the alternatives are off-putting enough to make significant changes in personal transportation behaviour well-nigh impossible. At the same time, combating the air pollution associated with extensive use of cars has become one of the major policy objectives for cities around the world. Available policy alternatives can be divided into two categories: (1) incentives, such as improved public transportation, and (2) disincentives, such as environmental tax on gasoline. This paper attempt to directly assess links between these two alternatives, associated attitudes towards them, the level of public support for command and control (i.e. regulatory) policy approaches as well as for economic incentive/disincentive policies. Answers are sought and findings discussed relative to the link between opinions about the environment and support for different types of environmental policies, the usefulness of a rational choice perspective in explaining support for environmental policy alternatives, the role that partisan political attachments play in support of environmental policy approaches, and the roles played by environmental activism, knowledge, and action in shaping support for environmental policy alternatives. Overall results indicate that while most people living in urban environments support the ideas of environmental protection and would be willing to incur costs to confront the problem, exposure to air pollution plays an inconsequential (actually nearly non-existent) role in support of automobile-related environmental problems. Automobile users act like 'free-riders' i.e. they tend to support policies that socialize the cost of solutions rather than policies that attempt to pass the cost of pollution directly on to individual car owners. A sample of the responses to

  13. A Review of Voiture Minimum. Le Corbusier and the Automobile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christoph Schnoor

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Here is a full-on celebration of cars and someone’s addiction to cars. In its midst drives Le Corbusier. The book, Voiture Minimum. Le Corbusier and the Automobile (Cambridge, Mass. and London: MIT Press, 2011, has recently been published by Spanish architect and academic Antonio Amado. What a curious book. It is something between a detective story circling around determining the date of a single drawing (1928 or 1936 and, simultaneously, it is “Everything you always wanted to know about Le Corbusier and cars but were afraid to ask”.

  14. CUSTOMER IMPORTANCE RATING OF SERVICE QUALITY DIMENSIONS FOR AUTOMOBILE SERVICE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SATYENDRA SHARMA

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Customers are the center of an organization’s universe: they define quality. They expect performance, reliability, responsiveness, competitive prices, on-time delivery, service, clear and correct transaction processing and more. Customer satisfaction/Service quality management has become a strategic imperative for most firms. In the present circumstances, it is vital to measure customer perceptions and how well the company delivers on the critical factors/dimensions of the business. The main objective of this paper is to be acquainted with customer importance rating of service quality dimensions or Voice of Customers for an Automobile service centre. A questionnaire has been used for the purpose.

  15. Wireless Monitoring of Automobile Tires for Intelligent Tires.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matsuzaki, Ryosuke; Todoroki, Akira

    2008-12-09

    This review discusses key technologies of intelligent tires focusing on sensors and wireless data transmission. Intelligent automobile tires, which monitor their pressure, deformation, wheel loading, friction, or tread wear, are expected to improve the reliability of tires and tire control systems. However, in installing sensors in a tire, many problems have to be considered, such as compatibility of the sensors with tire rubber, wireless transmission, and battery installments. As regards sensing, this review discusses indirect methods using existing sensors, such as that for wheel speed, and direct methods, such as surface acoustic wave sensors and piezoelectric sensors. For wireless transmission, passive wireless methods and energy harvesting are also discussed.

  16. Automobile Transmission Shift Control Based on MMAS and BP Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jianxue Chen

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The neural network control model of automobile automatic transmission has been developed, which make the optimum shift decision based on the vehicle velocity, the vehicle acceleration and the throttle opening. The MAX-MIN ant syste (MMAS is introduced to train the neural network weights and thresholds. The basic theory and steps of MMAS algorithm are given, and applied in the automatic transmission shift control. Experimental results show that the automatic transmission shift control system based on MMAS, comparing to the system based on ACO-BP, has better capability of gear recognition, and can make shift decision promptly and effectively.

  17. Community Essay: Sustainable approach to automobile society in Japan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jun Fujimoto

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available What is the difference between electric vehicles (EVs in society and an EV society? “EVs in society” means simply the replacement of gasoline-powered cars with EVs without taking into consideration pervasive social issues. By contrast, an “EV society” is a concept whereby EVs are more fundamentally woven into the fabric of society with the aim of solving a range of social problems, while at the same time questioning the meaning of what an automobile “is” and “can be.” It is this “game-changing” principle of integration that drives our research.

  18. Wireless Monitoring of Automobile Tires for Intelligent Tires

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akira Todoroki

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available This review discusses key technologies of intelligent tires focusing on sensors and wireless data transmission. Intelligent automobile tires, which monitor their pressure, deformation, wheel loading, friction, or tread wear, are expected to improve the reliability of tires and tire control systems. However, in installing sensors in a tire, many problems have to be considered, such as compatibility of the sensors with tire rubber, wireless transmission, and battery installments. As regards sensing, this review discusses indirect methods using existing sensors, such as that for wheel speed, and direct methods, such as surface acoustic wave sensors and piezoelectric sensors. For wireless transmission, passive wireless methods and energy harvesting are also discussed.

  19. Measuring the environmental impacts and sustainability of automobiles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lave, L.B.; Cobas Flores, E.; McMichael, F.C.; Hendrickson, C.T.; Horvath, A.; Joshi, S. [Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA (United States)

    1996-11-01

    In the paper the following topics are discussed: - the need for public education and involvement in the decision process, - the difficulty of defining sustainability, - the occasional difference between the goals of sustainability and environmental quality, - the need for life cycle analysis to analyze the sustainability and environmental quality implications of a product, process, or material. The importance of environmental input-output analysis is stressed. This new tool can provide the life cycle information cheaply, quickly, and with much less uncertainty. Examples are presented for making an automobile, a seat out of plastic or aluminium, and an electric vehicle. (author) 4 tabs., refs.

  20. Photorealistic ray tracing to visualize automobile side mirror reflective scenes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Hocheol; Kim, Kyuman; Lee, Gang; Lee, Sungkoo; Kim, Jingu

    2014-10-20

    We describe an interactive visualization procedure for determining the optimal surface of a special automobile side mirror, thereby removing the blind spot, without the need for feedback from the error-prone manufacturing process. If the horizontally progressive curvature distributions are set to the semi-mathematical expression for a free-form surface, the surface point set can then be derived through numerical integration. This is then converted to a NURBS surface while retaining the surface curvature. Then, reflective scenes from the driving environment can be virtually realized using photorealistic ray tracing, in order to evaluate how these reflected images would appear to drivers.

  1. The Accommodation of Rural and Urban Workers to Industrial Discipline and Urban Living: A Four-Nation Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Form, William H.

    1971-01-01

    Hypotheses related to migrants' adaptation to occupational and social systems of industrial society were tested using data on automobile workers from rural and urban backgrounds in countries at different levels of industrialization: India, Argentina, Italy, and United States. Hypotheses were the industrial man hypothesis and the developmental…

  2. Analysis of Natural Gas Vehicle Industry : none

    OpenAIRE

    Li, Zhen

    2014-01-01

    A vehicle powered by natural gas is becoming a prevalent trend and direction in automobile manufacturing. The thesis is aiming at analyzing the natural gas vehicle industry from its environmental effectiveness, economic effectiveness, recent status and its development in the near future with statistical data. And also it will find out the potential problems and relevant technologies. Investigation and literature research method are mainly used to fully collect the correct information and d...

  3. Designing Logistic Information Platform to Fostering Development Trend in China Automobile Manufacturing Group

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Yue

    2009-01-01

    The logistics resource in China's automobile group can't be optimized and allocated because of the "information island" problem in the group's logistics information platform in the whole group. In addition, it is the development trend of China's automobile group LIN to build a logistics e - market in the range of the group.

  4. 25 CFR 11.419 - Unauthorized use of automobiles and other vehicles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Unauthorized use of automobiles and other vehicles. 11... OF INDIAN OFFENSES AND LAW AND ORDER CODE Criminal Offenses § 11.419 Unauthorized use of automobiles and other vehicles. A person commits a misdemeanor if he or she operates another person's...

  5. 41 CFR 102-34.45 - How are passenger automobiles classified?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... MANAGEMENT Obtaining Fuel Efficient Motor Vehicles § 102-34.45 How are passenger automobiles classified... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false How are passenger automobiles classified? 102-34.45 Section 102-34.45 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal...

  6. 75 FR 80350 - Federal Travel Regulation; Removal of Privately Owned Vehicle Rates; Privately Owned Automobile...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-22

    ... date for the final rule published on November 29, 2010 at 75 FR 72965 remains November 29, 2010. The...-AJ09 Federal Travel Regulation; Removal of Privately Owned Vehicle Rates; Privately Owned Automobile Mileage Reimbursement When Government Owned Automobiles Are Authorized; Miscellaneous...

  7. 29 CFR 785.40 - When private automobile is used in travel away from home community.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false When private automobile is used in travel away from home community. 785.40 Section 785.40 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION... WORKED Application of Principles Traveltime § 785.40 When private automobile is used in travel away...

  8. 32 CFR 552.73 - Minimum requirements for automobile insurance policies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Minimum requirements for automobile insurance policies. 552.73 Section 552.73 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY... Military Reservations § 552.73 Minimum requirements for automobile insurance policies. Policies sold...

  9. Deadly dialing : as cell-related accidents climb, Canada's oil industry does its part to make our roads a little safer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stastny, P.

    2008-04-15

    Cellphone use while driving is having a noticeable impact on driver safety. Driving is the leading cause of death in the petroleum industry. Traffic collisions have increased by nearly 15 per cent since 2005. Driver error is considered to be a contributing factor in 9 out of 10 traffic collisions. The media has desensitized and conditioned most people to accept road deaths as inevitable. However, a number of people are now expressing deep concerns over the carelessness of drivers who use their cellphones while on the road. This paper described a campaign recently launched by Alberta's safety training company Enform to develop a policy about cellphone use. The awareness program has been developed to inform the public of the dangers of cellphone use. A team of people have also been hired to conduct safety initiatives in local communities in Alberta. The program is part of the The Alberta Traffic Safety Plan (TSP), which was formed in order to consider methods of increasing public education and awareness, sustained enforcement, legislation, best practices, and safety-based engineering. 3 figs.

  10. Rethinking the Cultivating System of the Automobile Talents form the Perspective of Market Demand%面向需求的汽车类专业应用型人才培养体系再思考——以重庆理工大学汽车学院人才培养为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周康渠

    2013-01-01

    汽车产业链长,关联度高,发展迅猛,我国汽车人才需求缺口巨大.作为规模性汽车人才培养的主阵地的高等院校,其人才培养体系应随着社会需求的变化而调整.以重庆理工大学汽车学院人才培养为例,探讨了在汽车产业新的发展形势下,汽车类专业的人才培养目标、人才培养方案及教学质量保证体系等问题.%Automobile industrial chain is long and high relevant to other industries, and the gap of employee is very huge with its rapid development. The cultivation system of automobile talents must be readjusted along with the change of social needs in institutions of higher learning where the mass automobile employee is trained. Take CQUT for example, the training objectives, schemes and quality control systems of the relevant specialties to automobile have been discussed according to the new situation of automobile Industry.

  11. Automobile shredder residue : a waste or a resource

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Day, M. [National Research Council of Canada, Ottawa, ON (Canada). Inst. for Chemical Process and Environmental Technology

    2000-07-01

    In recent years several recycling and resource recovery technologies have been tested for the challenging task of recycling automobile shredder residues (ASR) with varying degrees of success. ASR is the nonrecyclable residue that remains after recyclable metals are extracted from old automobiles. The use of ASR as a landfill day cover seems to be a viable alternative for this material. Scientific evidence suggests that ASR is capable of acting as a sponge for heavy metals. The absorption capacity of ASR for heavy metal lead was presented along with evaluations for both standard leaching test protocols and dynamic column testing. Compared to soil, ASR has a greater absorption capacity for heavy metals such as lead. ASR also has other desirable features that make it an ideal choice for landfill day cover. For example, ASR provides a stable mat for vehicle traffic, minimizes erosion due to rainfall run off and is less prone to dusting. ASR is also capable of compression to less than 5 cm when overfilled. This conserves landfill volume and allows excavated soil to be used for other purposes. In addition, the use of ASR could prevent contamination of groundwater by preventing the leaching of heavy metals from landfills. 12 refs., 5 tabs., 2 figs.

  12. Automobile shredded residue valorisation by hydrometallurgical metal recovery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Granata, Giuseppe; Moscardini, Emanuela; Furlani, Giuliana; Pagnanelli, Francesca; Toro, Luigi

    2011-01-15

    The aim of this work was developing a hydrometallurgical process to recover metals from automobile shredded residue (or car fluff). Automobile shredded residue (ASR) was characterised by particle size distribution, total metal content and metal speciation in order to guide the choice of target metals and the operating conditions of leaching. Characterisation results showed that Fe is the most abundant metal in the waste, while Zn was the second abundant metal in the fraction with diameter lower than 500 μm. Sequential extractions denoted that Zn was easily extractable by weak acid attack, while Fe and Al required a strong acid attack to be removed. In order to recover zinc from leaching tests were operated using acetic acid, sulphuric acid and sodium hydroxide at different concentrations. Sulphuric acid determined the highest zinc extraction yield, while acetic acid determined the highest zinc extractive selectivity. Sodium hydroxide promoted an intermediate situation between sulphuric and acetic acid. Zn recovery by electro winning using acetic leach liquor determined 95% of Zn electro deposition yield in 1h, while using sulphuric leach liquor 40% yield in 1h and 50% yield in 2h were obtained. Simulation results showed that the sulphuric leaching process was more attractive than acetic leaching process.

  13. Development of automobile brake lining using pulverized cow hooves

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katsina C. BALA

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Asbestos has been used for so long as automobile brake lining material because of its good physical and chemical properties. However, due to the health hazard associated with its handling, it has lost favour and several alternative materials are being increasingly used. Asbestos-free brake lining was developed in this work using pulverized cow hooves along with epoxy resin, barium sulphate, graphite and aluminium oxide. This was with a view to exploiting the characteristics of cow hooves, which are largely discarded as waste materials to replace asbestos which has been found to be carcinogenic. Samples of brake linings were produced using compressive moulding in which the physical and mechanical properties of the samples were studied. The results obtained showed that proper bonding was achieved as the percentage by weight of epoxy resin increased and percentage by weight of pulverized cow hooves decreased. The hardness, compressive strength, coefficient of friction, water and oil absorption, relative density and wear rate of the brake linings were determined and compared with existing brake lining properties. The result indicates that pulverized cow hooves can be used as brake lining material for automobiles.

  14. Ergonomic and usability analysis on a sample of automobile dashboards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carvalho, Raíssa; Soares, Marcelo

    2012-01-01

    This is a research study based on an analysis which sets out to identify and pinpoint ergonomic and usability problems found in a sample of automobile dashboards. The sample consisted of three dashboards, of three different makes and characterized as being a popular model, an average model and a luxury model. The examination was conducted by observation, with the aid of photography, notes and open interview, questionnaires and performing tasks with users, the bases of which are on the principles laid down by methodologies. From this it was possible to point to the existence of problems such as: complaints about the layout, lighting, colors, available area, difficult access to points of interaction, such as buttons, and the difficult nomenclature of dials. Later, the findings and recommendations presented show the need for a further, deeper study, using more accurate tools, a larger sample of users, and an anthropometric study focused on the dashboard, since reading and understanding it have to be done quickly and accurately, and that more attention be given to the study of automobile dashboards, particularly in the most popular vehicles in order to maintain the standards of usability, and drivers' comfort and safety.

  15. BODY PRESSURE DISTRIBUTION OF AUTOMOBILE DRIVING HUMAN MACHINE CONTACT INTERFACE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Juan; HONG Jun; ZHANG E; LIANG Jian; LU Bingheng

    2007-01-01

    Aiming at the fatigue and comfort issues of human-machine contact Interface in automobile driving and based on physiological and anatomical principle, the physiological and biochemical process of muscles and nerves in the formation and development of fatigue is analyzed systematically. The fatigue-causing physiological characteristic Indexes are mapped to biomechanical Indexes like muscle stress-strain, the compression deformation of Wood vessels and nerves etc.from the perspective of formation mechanism. The geometrical model of skeleton and parenchyma is established by applying CT-scanned body data and MRI images. The general rule of comfort body pressure distribution is acquired through the analysis of anatomical structure of buttocks and femoral region. The comprehensive lest platform for sitting comfort of 3D adjustable contact Interface is constructed. The lest of body pressure distribution of human-machine contact interface and its comparison with subjective evaluation indicates that the biomechanical Indexes of automobile driving human-machine contact interface and body pressure distribution rule studied can effectively evaluate the fatigue and comfort issues of human-machine contact interface and provide theoretical basis for the optimal design of human-machine contact interface.

  16. Delegating to the automobile: experimenting with automotive restraints in the 1970s.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wetmore, Jameson M

    2015-04-01

    This article explores the attempts in the United States in the 1970s to implement a new paradigm for automobile safety-crashworthiness, the idea that automobile passengers should be protected in the event of a crash. A large number of strategies were proposed, including air bags, seatbelt modifications, mandatory belt-use laws, and ignition interlocks. Many of these did not initially come to fruition, but they did give the automobile safety community a chance to experiment with different ways of distributing responsibilities between automobile occupants, automobile manufacturers, and, to a lesser extent, government agencies. These experiments helped pave the way for the successful implementation of a number of new strategies in the 1980s, 1990s, and 2000s.

  17. A comparative study among the three wheeler automobile drivers on pulmonary function tests in adult males of Gulbarga city

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Afshan Afroz, Salgar Veeresh B, Sugoor Manjushree, Swati I Amrutha

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Development of our country has led to rapid urbanization and there is increasing use of automobiles that is aggravating environmental pollution. Occupational exposure to automobile exhaustand industrial smokes has been shown to affect functioning of different systems of the body. The present study was taken up to assess the Pulmonary Function Tests (PFT in auto rickshaw drivers of Gulbargacity. Methods: Fifty non –smoker male auto drivers in the age group of 20–50 years for more than 5 years of auto driving experience formed the study group. Age and sex matched individuals not exposed to auto rickshaw driving [administrative staff] formed the control group. Pulmonary function parametersFVC, FEV1, FEV1%, PEFR, PIFR, FEF25-75, FEF50 and MVV were assessed using a computerized Spiro meter during their working hours and were statistically analyzed. Results: There was a highly significant decrease in FVC and FEV1 in the study group compared to control group. The decrease in FEV1%, PIFR, FEF25-75 and FEF50 were statistically significant but the decrease in PEFR and MVV were statistically nonsignificant. Conclusion: Our findings point towards the adverse effects of vehicle exhaust on lung functions, mainly on lower airways with restrictive pattern of disease.

  18. Axiomatic Design and Fabrication of Composite Structures - Applications in Robots, Machine Tools, and Automobiles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Dai Gil; Suh, Nam Pyo

    2005-11-01

    The idea that materials can be designed to satisfy specific performance requirements is relatively new. With high-performance composites, however, the entire process of designing and fabricating a part can be worked out before manufacturing. The purpose of this book is to present an integrated approach to the design and manufacturing of products from advanced composites. It shows how the basic behavior of composites and their constitutive relationships can be used during the design stage, which minimizes the complexity of manufacturing composite parts and reduces the repetitive "design-build-test" cycle. Designing it right the first time is going to determine the competitiveness of a company, the reliability of the part, the robustness of fabrication processes, and ultimately, the cost and development time of composite parts. Most of all, it should expand the use of advanced composite parts in fields that use composites only to a limited extent at this time. To achieve these goals, this book presents the design and fabrication of novel composite parts made for machine tools and other applications like robots and automobiles. This book is suitable as a textbook for graduate courses in the design and fabrication of composites. It will also be of interest to practicing engineers learning about composites and axiomatic design. A CD-ROM is included in every copy of the book, containing Axiomatic CLPT software. This program, developed by the authors, will assist readers in calculating material properties from the microstructure of the composite. This book is part of the Oxford Series on Advanced Manufacturing.

  19. 29 CFR 779.371 - Some automobile, truck, and farm implement establishments may qualify for exemption under section...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Some automobile, truck, and farm implement establishments... OR SERVICES Exemptions for Certain Retail or Service Establishments Automobile, Truck, Farm Implement, Trailer, and Aircraft Sales and Services § 779.371 Some automobile, truck, and farm...

  20. 40 CFR 52.2301 - Federal compliance date for automobile and light-duty truck coating. Texas Air Control Board...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Federal compliance date for automobile... PROMULGATION OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS (CONTINUED) Texas § 52.2301 Federal compliance date for automobile and..., automobile and light-duty truck coating operations were to have complied with final control limits of §...

  1. 19 CFR 123.51 - Commercial samples transported by automobile through Canada between ports in the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Commercial samples transported by automobile... Commercial samples transported by automobile through Canada between ports in the United States. (a) General... samples by automobile through Canada to another place in the United States without displaying the...

  2. 19 CFR 123.52 - Commercial samples transported by automobile through the United States between ports in Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Commercial samples transported by automobile... Commercial samples transported by automobile through the United States between ports in Canada. (a) General... sealed samples in his automobile without further sealing in the United States, upon compliance with...

  3. 41 CFR 301-10.220 - What requirements must I meet to operate a Government automobile for official travel?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... meet to operate a Government automobile for official travel? 301-10.220 Section 301-10.220 Public... ALLOWABLE TRAVEL EXPENSES 10-TRANSPORTATION EXPENSES Government Vehicle Government Automobiles § 301-10.220 What requirements must I meet to operate a Government automobile for official travel? You must...

  4. Posicionamento estrutural e relacional em redes de empresas: uma análise do consórcio modular da indústria automobilística Structural and relational network position: analysis of a modular consortium in the automotive industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mário Sacomano Neto

    2009-12-01

    nodes (activities or companies, position in the network structure, linking and flows between the actors. Starting from both morphological and properties analysis it is possible to understand how privileged positions in the network are reflected in the access to resources, information, norms and legitimacy. This paper analyzes how the structural and relational positioning in the network of auto parts companies affects the levels of knowledge diffusion, control mechanisms and power relations between assembly plant and suppliers. The nature of the research is an exploratory and descriptive study carried out using multi-cases, involving an assembly plant (modular consortium and two auto parts suppliers (modulists. The primary data collection occurred in loco through in-depth interviews with production directors of the mentioned companies, participant comments and internal document analysis. The conclusions of the research show that dense and cohesive networks have greater possibilities to promote diffusion channels of management and technical knowledge between assembly plants and car spares suppliers in the cases studied. On the other hand, the dense networks generate distinct, highly institutionalized control structures, and redistributes the power to auto parts companies.

  5. Green supplier selection: a new genetic/immune strategy with industrial application

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Amit; Jain, Vipul; Kumar, Sameer; Chandra, Charu

    2016-10-01

    With the onset of the 'climate change movement', organisations are striving to include environmental criteria into the supplier selection process. This article hybridises a Green Data Envelopment Analysis (GDEA)-based approach with a new Genetic/Immune Strategy for Data Envelopment Analysis (GIS-DEA). A GIS-DEA approach provides a different view to solving multi-criteria decision making problems using data envelopment analysis (DEA) by considering DEA as a multi-objective optimisation problem with efficiency as one objective and proximity of solution to decision makers' preferences as the other objective. The hybrid approach called GIS-GDEA is applied here to a well-known automobile spare parts manufacturer in India and the results presented. User validation developed based on specific set of criteria suggests that the supplier selection process with GIS-GDEA is more practical than other approaches in a current industrial scenario with multiple decision makers.

  6. 浅析我国汽车消费贷款保险%Analysis of automobile consumption loan insurance in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱彦林

    2016-01-01

    In recent years, with the improvement of people's consumption level, automobile consumption loan business gradually increased, to promote the automobile consumption loan guarantee insurance business rapid development. This paper describes the concept of car loan insurance, and detailed analysis of the problems faced by the car loan insurance, and finaly put forward the development of car loan insurance related countermeasures, to promote the rapid development of the automobile industry.%近年来,随着人们消费水平的提高,汽车消费贷款业务逐渐增多,推动汽车消费贷款保证保险业务快速发展起来。本文讲述了车贷险的概念,并详细分析了车贷险面临的问题,最后提出发展车贷险的相关对策,推动汽车产业的快速发展。

  7. 快速成型技术在汽车制造中的应用%Application of Rapid Prototyping Technology in Automobile Manufacturing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭红长

    2015-01-01

    With the development of science and technology,modern advanced science and technology is more and more used in automobile manufacturing.People have higher and higher requirements in the safety and comfortableness of the car, which has sped up the rapid development of the automobile manufacturing industry.The application of rapid prototyping tech-nology in automobile manufacturing can effectively shorten the manufacturing cycle,save manufacturing cost,improve the quality of the car.This paper briefly introduces the application of rapid prototyping technology in automotive manufacturing.%随着科技的发展,现代先进的科学技术被越来越多的应用于汽车制造中,人们对汽车在安全、舒适等方面的要求逐渐提高,这些都加快了汽车制造业的快速发展。将快速成型技术应用到汽车制造中,可以有效缩短制造周期、节约制造成本、提高汽车质量,文章简要介绍了快速成型技术在汽车制造中的应用。

  8. 全球化中基于企业家创新的市场势力构建研究——以中国汽车产业为例%Study of Market Power Building during Globalization Based on Entrepreneurial Innovation -Examples from Chinese Automobile Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张小蒂; 贾钰哲

    2011-01-01

    This paper tries to explore the operative mechanism of entrepreneurial innovation, which is characterized by factor optimal allocation, in market power building process by establishing a 'triangle' framework on the basis of technology and market, as well as the collaborative interaction between these two dimensions, and employs statistics of auto industry for empirical analysis. The research finds out that acquirement of intellectual property rights and improvements of market channel control (especially the intermediate product market) are two important ways in market power building, and that enhancement of managing performance and market share can be achieved through the trail-and-error of different elements' new combinations in the entrepreneurial innovation process, thus exceeding what can be done by technological innovation alone. Entrepreneurs could take advantage of macroeconomic cycle in their elements allocation adjustment and optimization. When economy is down, technology- seeking and market-developing oriented mergers and acquisitions could improve the temporal efficacy of newly developed products. What is also advised include: greater R&D investment on the core technology of intermediate product with high additional value, market-demand oriented remaking of technological innovation process by choosing advanced technology that are suitable for both their own element endowment and market demand preference, flexible talent introduction, paying attention to the complementary and collaborative interaction between technology and market specialists, applying, methods such as stock ownership incentive to realize 'incentive compatibility' between these two kinds of talents and the entrepreneur.%本文从技术、市场两个维度及其协同互动建立一个“三角形”的分析框架来探索以要素配置优化为特征的企业家创新在市场势力构建中的作用机理与途径,并运用汽车产业的相关数据对其进行

  9. Energy from biomass. Summaries of the Biomass Projects carried out as part of the Department of Trade and Industry's New and Renewable Energy Programme. Vol. 3: converting wood fuel to energy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-12-01

    These volumes of summaries provide easy access to the many projects carried out in the Energy from Biomass programme area as part of the Department of Trade and Industry's New and Renewable Energy Programme. The summaries in this volume cover contractor reports on the subject published up to December 1997. (author)

  10. Energy from biomass. Summaries of the Biomass Projects carried out as part of the Department of Trade and Industry's New and Renewable Energy Programme. Vol. 5: straw, poultry litter and energy crops as energy sources

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-01-01

    These volumes of summaries provide easy access to the many projects carried out in the Energy from Biomass programme area as part of the Department of Trade and Industry's New and Renewable Energy Programme. The summaries in this volume cover contractor reports on the subject published up to December 1997. (author)

  11. Life cycle models of conventional and alternative-fueled automobiles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maclean, Heather Louise

    This thesis reports life cycle inventories of internal combustion engine automobiles with feasible near term fuel/engine combinations. These combinations include unleaded gasoline, California Phase 2 Reformulated Gasoline, alcohol and gasoline blends (85 percent methanol or ethanol combined with 15 percent gasoline), and compressed natural gas in spark ignition direct and indirect injection engines. Additionally, I consider neat methanol and neat ethanol in spark ignition direct injection engines and diesel fuel in compression ignition direct and indirect injection engines. I investigate the potential of the above options to have a lower environmental impact than conventional gasoline-fueled automobiles, while still retaining comparable pricing and consumer benefits. More broadly, the objective is to assess whether the use of any of the alternative systems will help to lead to the goal of a more sustainable personal transportation system. The principal tool is the Economic Input-Output Life Cycle Analysis model which includes inventories of economic data, environmental discharges, and resource use. I develop a life cycle assessment framework to assemble the array of data generated by the model into three aggregate assessment parameters; economics, externalities, and vehicle attributes. The first step is to develop a set of 'comparable cars' with the alternative fuel/engine combinations, based on characteristics of a conventional 1998 gasoline-fueled Ford Taurus sedan, the baseline vehicle for the analyses. I calculate the assessment parameters assuming that these comparable cars can attain the potential thermal efficiencies estimated by experts for each fuel/engine combination. To a first approximation, there are no significant differences in the assessment parameters for the vehicle manufacture, service, fixed costs, and the end-of-life for any of the options. However, there are differences in the vehicle operation life cycle components and the state of technology

  12. The 12th Five Yeor Progrom for Textite Industry (2011-2015)--Editoriat Edition (Part II)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Yi; Wanzy

    2012-01-01

    Improve scientific innovation mechanism of the whole textile and apparel industry In the coming five years, it will accelerate the establishment of scientific innovation mechanism of the whole textile and apparel industry based on market-oriented enterprises as the main forces supported by scientific research institutes and universities;

  13. Regulation on power efficiency in the automobile; Regulacion sobre eficiencia energetica en el automovil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maldonado Susano, Armando; Romero de Vivar Uvaldo, Pascual [Comision Nacional para el Ahorro de Energia, Mexico, D.F. (Mexico)

    2001-07-01

    In this article it is presented a brief analysis of one of the regulations on the yield of fuel consumption of the light vehicles that promoted substantial changes in the Mexican automotive industry, the decree denominated PREMCE (Average of minimum fuel yield by company), as well as some international experiences relative to the subject. It is also indicated the evolution, in the last years, of the average yields of fuel consumption (Km/L) in Mexico in the new automobiles and the more important technological factors that affect their energy efficiency. [Spanish] En este articulo se presenta un breve analisis de una de las regulaciones sobre el rendimiento de consumo de combustible de los vehiculos ligeros que promovio cambios sustanciales en la industria automotriz mexicana, el decreto denominado Premce (Promedio de rendimiento minimo de combustible por empresa), asi como algunas experiencias internacionales relativas al tema. Se senala tambien la evolucion, en los ultimos anos, de los rendimientos promedio de consumo de combustible (Km/L) en Mexico en los automoviles nuevos y los factores tecnologicos mas importantes que influyen en su eficiencia energetica.

  14. ALGORITHM OF PRETREATMENT ON AUTOMOBILE BODY POINT CLOUD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GAO Feng; ZHOU Yu; DU Farong; QU Weiwei; XIONG Yonghua

    2007-01-01

    As point cloud of one whole vehicle body has the traits of large geometric dimension, huge data and rigorous reverse precision, one pretreatment algorithm on automobile body point cloud is put forward. The basic idea of the registration algorithm based on the skeleton points is to construct the skeleton points of the whole vehicle model and the mark points of the separate point cloud, to search the mapped relationship between skeleton points and mark points using congruence triangle method and to match the whole vehicle point cloud using the improved iterative closed point (ICP) algorithm. The data reduction algorithm, based on average square root of distance, condenses data by three steps, Computing datasets' average square root of distance in sampling cube grid, sorting order according to the value computed from the first step, choosing sampling percentage. The accuracy of the two algorithms above is proved by a registration and reduction example of whole vehicle point cloud of a certain light truck.

  15. Catalytically and noncatalytically treated automobile exhaust: biological effects in rats

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cooper, G.P. (Univ. of Cincinnati); Lewkowski, J.P.; Hastings, L.; Malanchuk, M.

    1977-12-01

    Chronic exposure to catalytically treated or noncatalytically treated automobile exhaust significantly depressed the spontaneous locomotor activity (SLA) of rats. Exposure to H/sub 2/SO/sub 4/ alone or CO at comparable levels did not alter the SLA. Exposure to noncatalytically treated exhaust resulted in significant reductions in growth rate and food and water intake. However, these effects were not evident in the exposure to catalytically treated exhaust or in the control H/sub 2/SO/sub 4/ and CO exposures. Blood acid-base analyses indicated that exposure to either catalytically treated exhaust or H/sub 2/SO/sub 4/ elicits a metabolic alkalosis, while exposure to CO alone results in a metabolic acidosis. All acid-base parameters were within the normal range several weeks after the termination of exposure.

  16. PRIORITY DISPATCH SCHEDULING IN AN AUTOMOBILE REPAIR AND MAINTENANCE WORKSHOP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    KOYEJO OYEBOLA T.

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available This research work applied a simulation model in determining the optimal number of artisans to employ to carry out routine checks on vehicles on a waiting line. The waiting line under consideration is that of an automobile repair and maintenance workshop in South- Western Nigeria. The data collection was based on arrival pattern of vehicles and service pattern of artisans in the maintenance workshop. A discrete distribution was assumed for both the inter–arrival and service time patterns. An optimal number of 7 servers serving one queue were obtained as against 4 servers and 1 queue in the system in use. There was also a savings in cost of N2.45 Million per month when compared to the system in use. The results of this research work will be significant and important for decision making.

  17. Dynamic modelling of household automobile transactions within a microsimulation framework

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mohammadian, A.

    2002-07-01

    This thesis presents a newly developed dynamic model of household automobile transactions within an integrated land-use transportation and environment (ILUTE) modeling system framework. It is a market-based decision-making tool for use by individuals who have to choose between adding new vehicles to a fleet, disposing of vehicles, trading one of the vehicles of a fleet, or do-nothing. Different approaches were used within the model, including an artificial neural network, hedonic price, regression, and vehicle class and vintage choices. The model can also predict the complex activity of individuals' behaviour to become active in the market. An estimation approach was used to incorporate the vehicle type choice model into the main dynamic transaction choice model.

  18. Thermal energy storage for the Stirling engine powered automobile

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morgan, D. T. (Editor)

    1979-01-01

    A thermal energy storage (TES) system developed for use with the Stirling engine as an automotive power system has gravimetric and volumetric storage densities which are competitive with electric battery storage systems, meets all operational requirements for a practical vehicle, and can be packaged in compact sized automobiles with minimum impact on passenger and freight volume. The TES/Stirling system is the only storage approach for direct use of combustion heat from fuel sources not suitable for direct transport and use on the vehicle. The particular concept described is also useful for a dual mode TES/liquid fuel system in which the TES (recharged from an external energy source) is used for short duration trips (approximately 10 miles or less) and liquid fuel carried on board the vehicle used for long duration trips. The dual mode approach offers the potential of 50 percent savings in the consumption of premium liquid fuels for automotive propulsion in the United States.

  19. A knowledge-based system for controlling automobile traffic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maravas, Alexander; Stengel, Robert F.

    1994-01-01

    Transportation network capacity variations arising from accidents, roadway maintenance activity, and special events as well as fluctuations in commuters' travel demands complicate traffic management. Artificial intelligence concepts and expert systems can be useful in framing policies for incident detection, congestion anticipation, and optimal traffic management. This paper examines the applicability of intelligent route guidance and control as decision aids for traffic management. Basic requirements for managing traffic are reviewed, concepts for studying traffic flow are introduced, and mathematical models for modeling traffic flow are examined. Measures for quantifying transportation network performance levels are chosen, and surveillance and control strategies are evaluated. It can be concluded that automated decision support holds great promise for aiding the efficient flow of automobile traffic over limited-access roadways, bridges, and tunnels.

  20. Development of High-Temperature Superconducting DC Motor for Automobiles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oyama, Hitoshi; Shinzato, Tsuyoshi

    In recent years, electrification of automobiles is in progress. Following the advent of passenger electric vehicles, large size commercial vehicles with electric drive are also being developed. One of the problems in the development of large electric vehicles is the heavy weight which leads to short driving distances. Energy saving by the use of high-efficiency motors will be a solution. The authors have developed a prototype electric vehicle equipped with a high-temperature superconducting (HTS) motor and a refrigerator. The test results showed that the motor has torque of 136 Nm and an output of 30 kW, and the prototype vehicle obtains the maximum speed of 80 km/h.

  1. Life cycle optimization of automobile replacement: model and application.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Hyung Chul; Keoleian, Gregory A; Grande, Darby E; Bean, James C

    2003-12-01

    Although recent progress in automotive technology has reduced exhaust emissions per mile for new cars, the continuing use of inefficient, higher-polluting old cars as well as increasing vehicle miles driven are undermining the benefits of this progress. As a way to address the "inefficient old vehicle" contribution to this problem, a novel life cycle optimization (LCO) model is introduced and applied to the automobile replacement policy question. The LCO model determines optimal vehicle lifetimes, accounting for technology improvements of new models while considering deteriorating efficiencies of existing models. Life cycle inventories for different vehicle models that represent materials production, manufacturing, use, maintenance, and end-of-life environmental burdens are required as inputs to the LCO model. As a demonstration, the LCO model was applied to mid-sized passenger car models between 1985 and 2020. An optimization was conducted to minimize cumulative carbon monoxide (CO), non-methane hydrocarbon (NMHC), oxides of nitrogen (NOx), carbon dioxide (CO2), and energy use over the time horizon (1985-2020). For CO, NMHC, and NOx pollutants with 12000 mi of annual mileage, automobile lifetimes ranging from 3 to 6 yr are optimal for the 1980s and early 1990s model years while the optimal lifetimes are expected to be 7-14 yr for model year 2000s and beyond. On the other hand, a lifetime of 18 yr minimizes cumulative energy and CO2 based on driving 12000 miles annually. Optimal lifetimes are inversely correlated to annual vehicle mileage, especially for CO, NMHC, and NOx emissions. On the basis of the optimization results, policies improving durability of emission controls, retiring high-emitting vehicles, and improving fuel economies are discussed.

  2. Design of Nonwoven Carpets to Upgrade Sound Isolation Features in Automobiles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Atakan Raziye

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available With the increases of the expected properties of textile products, better and advanced new designs are being created. Textiles used in vehicles are increasing, and the current performance of the expectations bar is determined by automobile manufacturers. While meeting the expectations of users in the vehicle mechanically, but also disturbing the user during operation of the mechanical properties of this ratio should be minimized. This study was intended to minimize sound transmission of nonwoven textile components, which are used in cars as silencer parts. For that purpose, four different models were developed in this study. First model consists of three designs for baggage carpets. Second model has six designs for floor coverings. Third model comprises two designs inner dash felt and finally fourth model includes two designs of hood liners. The acoustical absorption coefficients and transmission loss of these carpets were tested and evaluated in the frequency range of 16-6300 Hz. The measurements demonstrated that nonwoven layer is a very significant and effective part of a carpet due to its contribution in the sound isolation. With this study, it has been determined which layer has better performance on sound absorption and transmission loss among different carpet types. A combination of heavy layer and nonwoven layer carpets is found to be benefit for noise and sound insulation.

  3. Magnesium - future material for automotive industry?; Magnesium - der Zukunftswerkstoff fuer die Automobilindustrie?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dieringa, H.; Kainer, K.U. [GKSS Forschungszentrum GmbH, MagIC - Magnesium Innovation Center, Geesthacht (Germany)

    2007-02-15

    Magnesium alloys show a very high potential in automotive applications as constructive metal, whereas the main focus lies on die cast parts. Electronic industry is the major commercial consumer for die castings besides the automobile industry. Room temperature applications like steering wheels and frame components in cars as well as mobile phone- or notebook housings are well established. These castings are produced with AZ- or AM-magnesium alloys, which show good room temperature properties and a good castability. The great alloy development challenge in extending the use of magnesium cast alloys are application for higher temperatures. The application in powertrain components is considered to be the benchmark here. Besides alloy development there are also further research activities in development of casting processes. Semi-solid processes like New-Rheocasting (NRC), Thoxomolding trademark or Thixocasting (TC) are adapted to the requirements of newly developed alloys. Not only cast alloys but also magnesium wrought alloys have moved to the centre of interest in the last decade. Alloy development for improving the formability on the one hand as well as process development in extrusion or rolling has to be done in order to find optimum parameters for deforming magnesium alloys properly. (Abstract Copyright [2007], Wiley Periodicals, Inc.) [German] Magnesiumlegierungen weisen ein sehr hohes Potential fuer den Einsatz als metallischen Konstruktionswerkstoff fuer die Automobilindustrie auf, wobei der Anwendungsschwerpunkt bei Druckgussbauteilen liegt. Neben der Automobilindustrie ist die Elektroniksparte der wichtigste Abnehmer fuer Druckgussteile aus Magnesiumlegierungen. Raumtemperaturanwendungen wie z. B. Lenkraeder und Rahmenteile im Automobil oder Handy- und Notebookgehaeuse sind industriell gut eingefuehrt. Sie werden aus Magnesiumlegierungen der AZ- oder AM-Familie gegossen, die mit ihren guten Raumtemperatureigenschaften und der guten Giessbarkeit die

  4. Obtaining Material Data for Heat Treatment Simulation of Casr Alloy Parts with Unified Models

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bellini, Anna; Thorborg, Jesper; Hattel, Jesper

    2004-01-01

    The objective of this work, which is part of the IDEAL (Integrated Development Routes for Optimized Cast Aluminium Components) project, financed by the EU in frame work 6 and born in collaboration with the automobile and foundry industries, is to simulate creep behavior of aluminum cast samples...... subjected to high temperature. In this paper a two-state variables unified model is applied in order to simulate creep behavior and time-dependent metallurgical changes. The fundamental assumption of the unified theory is that creep and viscoplasticity, which are both irreversible strains developed because...... of dislocations motion in the material structure, can be modelled through the implementation of a similar plastic strain velocity law, generally called flow rule. The paper shows how to obtain the material data needed for the simulation of the stress-strain behavior of aluminum at high temperature. As an example...

  5. Edge determination algorithm of game road for intelligent automobile based on plane array CCD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Zhi-kun; WANG Fu-bin; PAN Xiao-di; LIU Jie; HUANG Chang-fa

    2009-01-01

    The contribution factor of automobile movement stability on the structure feature of seek road intelligent automobile chassis was analyzed. The kinematic model of linear two-degree freedom for intelligent automobile was established. The noise influence to the image of game road on the image rebuilding of different acquisition data of game road was analyzed. The threshold for image division was determined by the statistical analysis to grey histogram of game road image. This method indicates its adaption to CCD image of low distinguish ability.

  6. Industrial emerging chemicals in the environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vojinović-Miloradov Mirjana B.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In the recent time, considerable interest has grown concerning the presence of the emerging industrial chemicals, EmIC. They are contaminants that have possible pathway to enter to the environment and they are dominantly released by industrial and anthropogenic activities. EmIC are applied in different fields using as industrial chemicals (new and recently recognized, global organic contaminants (flame retardant chemicals, pharmaceuticals (for both human and animal uses, endocrine-modulating compounds, biological metabolites, personal care products, household chemicals, nanomaterial (energy storage products, lubricants, anticorrosive and agriculture chemicals and others that are applied to a wide variety of everyday items such as clothing, upholstery, electronics and automobile interiors. NORMAN (Network of reference laboratories for monitoring of emerging environmental pollutants has established an open, dynamic, list of emerging substances and pollutants. EmIC have been recently detected in the environment due to their long-term presence, pseudo-persistence and increased use. Improvements in sophisticated analytical methods and time integrative passive sampling have enabled the identification and quantification of EmIC, in very low concentrations (ppb, ppt and lower, which likely have been present in all environmental mediums for decades. Passive technology is an innovative technique for the time-integrated measurement of emerging contaminants in water, sediment, soil and air. Passive samplers are simple handling cost-effective tool that could be used in environmental monitoring programmes. These devices are now being considered as a part of an emerging strategy for monitoring a range of emerging industrial chemicals and priority pollutants in the aquatic environment. EmIC are substances that are not included in the routine monitoring programmes and whose fate, behaviour and (ecotoxicological effects are still not well understood. Emerging

  7. Infrastructure and automobile shifts: positioning transit to reduce life-cycle environmental impacts for urban sustainability goals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chester, Mikhail; Pincetl, Stephanie; Elizabeth, Zoe; Eisenstein, William; Matute, Juan

    2013-03-01

    Public transportation systems are often part of strategies to reduce urban environmental impacts from passenger transportation, yet comprehensive energy and environmental life-cycle measures, including upfront infrastructure effects and indirect and supply chain processes, are rarely considered. Using the new bus rapid transit and light rail lines in Los Angeles, near-term and long-term life-cycle impact assessments are developed, including consideration of reduced automobile travel. Energy consumption and emissions of greenhouse gases and criteria pollutants are assessed, as well the potential for smog and respiratory impacts. Results show that life-cycle infrastructure, vehicle, and energy production components significantly increase the footprint of each mode (by 48-100% for energy and greenhouse gases, and up to 6200% for environmental impacts), and emerging technologies and renewable electricity standards will significantly reduce impacts. Life-cycle results are identified as either local (in Los Angeles) or remote, and show how the decision to build and operate a transit system in a city produces environmental impacts far outside of geopolitical boundaries. Ensuring shifts of between 20-30% of transit riders from automobiles will result in passenger transportation greenhouse gas reductions for the city, and the larger the shift, the quicker the payback, which should be considered for time-specific environmental goals.

  8. Automobile Tire Use Safety Normative Analysis%汽车轮胎使用安全规范分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    皮文刚

    2014-01-01

    轮胎是汽车与路面直接接触的主要部件,同时,在汽车行驶的过程中,它还起到了缓冲撞击的作用,能保证汽车的安全性和舒适性,增强汽车与路面的黏着力,所以,要安全使用汽车轮胎。列举了影响轮胎寿命的因素,指出了安全使用汽车轮胎的方法和延长轮胎寿命的措施,并且还指出了提高轮胎使用安全性的方法。%The tyre is a major part of the direct contact with the road car, at the same time, in the process of the car, it also have the effect of the cushion the impact, can guarantee the safety of the car and the comfort, enhance the adhesion of automobile and road surface, so to safe use of automobile tires. Lists the factors affecting the service life of tires, points out the safety car tyres methods and measures to extend the service life of tires, and also improve the safety of using tire method are pointed out.

  9. Strategic Corporate Social Responsibility in the Container Shipping Industry: A Case Study of the Triple E as part of Maersk's Sustainability Strategy

    OpenAIRE

    Mauricio Andrés Latapí Agudelo 1986

    2017-01-01

    The oversupply within the Container Shipping Industry in combination with a global trade slowdown of the last decade has set an unprecedented financial pressure on Container Shipping Liners over the world. This expressed itself in the record low shipping rates in 2016 for the Asia-Europe route and ultimately the bankruptcy of Hanjin Shipping in August 2016. Given this context, the present study analyses the relevance of Strategic Corporate Social Responsibility (SCSR) to improve the industry´...

  10. Demande de sécurité des véhicules et normes automobiles depuis les années 1960

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marine Moguen-Toursel

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Ce papier met l’accent sur l’émergence de la sécurité routière au plan communautaire comme un enjeu important de société, en réponse au problème criant du nombre des morts sur la route (qui connaît un pic au début des années 1970. Ce moment de prise de conscience correspond à une irruption des pouvoirs publics sur ces questions tant au plan national qu’au plan communautaire. Toutefois, les traductions en termes de réglementations sont lentes à apparaître. La Commission européenne doit inventer de nouvelles procédures pour obtenir des avancées en la matière. Depuis que des gains importants ont été chiffrés en termes de pénétration des innovations de sécurité des véhicules sur les marchés automobiles européens (impliquant une amélioration de compétitivité pour cette industrie, les pressions pour adopter une réglementation uniforme (notamment entre les standards communautaires et internationaux se font plus fortes et les investissements dans la R&D se font plus lourds (même s’ils restent loin des niveaux américains. L’obstacle réside surtout à présent dans l’absence de demande de la part des consommateurs européens pour ces technologies et la méconnaissance par les utilisateurs des outils de sécurité présents à bord des véhicules.Au plan de la gouvernance, ces thématiques sont prises en charge par un nombre croissant d’acteurs (il est intéressant de noter que les premiers intervenants sur ces dossiers sont les constructeurs, puis les pouvoirs publics et enfin les associations de consommateurs. Les travaux évoluent vers une approche intégrée faisant intervenir les différents acteurs bien en amont de la décision finale au sein de forums de discussion.This paper focuses on the emergence of road safety at the Community level as an important societal stake, answering the very urgent problem of number of deaths on the roads (which was particularly high at the beginning of the 1970s. This

  11. Energy conservation: policy issues and end-use scenarios of savings potential. Part 3. Policy barriers and investment decisions in industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1978-09-01

    This work is based on previous research reported in Construction of Energy Conservation Scenarios: Interim Report of Work in Progress, LBL 7834, June 1978. Several guidelines were selected for subsequent work. In addition, five subjects were chosen to be investigated--recycling, industrial decision making, recreational travel, residential and commercial buildings, and end-use energy conservation data base. This report concerns industrial decision making. The industrial sector consumes about forty percent of the energy used both in California and in the nation. Opportunities for conserving substantial amounts of energy exist in industry, and decisions are made each year regarding investment in conservation. Government policy (1) could be formulated to encourage conservation investments, but government intervention should be limited to those situations where it is both necessary and likely to be effective. To assist policy makers in understanding the industrial decision making process and recognizing the factors which prevent a measure's being adopted, a methodology is developed that can be applied to most conservation measures in all industrial subsectors. The methodology is summarized in two flow charts and a matrix that are described in Sections I and II respectively.

  12. An Account for Implementing Just-in-time: A Case Study of the Automotive Industry in China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bo Hou

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Just-in-time (JIT has been a popular operation strategy partly because of its success in the japanese automobile industry. Various benefits such as inventory reduction, improved operations efficiency, and faster response, have been studied widely in previous studies. Therefore, successful implementation of JIT is vital to many companies. This research makes use of a case study to explore five key research themes, which are information system, production planning, inventory management, quality management, and suppliers management, and the success factors surrounding implementation of JIT for an automotive company. This case study also provides evidences for supporting the benefits of employing JIT. Semi-structured interviews were conducted to collect relevant data. The research finding indicates that JIT system is crucial for the success of automobile companies, and operates JIT system can lead to many advantages to the case company. The major contribution of this paper lies in the discussions of the successful factors as a practical guide to implement JIT systems.

  13. Use of powered electric vehicles in automobile fleets. Help elements for decision; Utilisation de vehicules electriques dans les flottes automobiles. Elements d`aide a la decision

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-11-01

    One of the primary causes of degradation in the quality of urban life is automobile transportation. The introduction of electric vehicles within automobile fleets can help mitigate some of the associated impacts. This guide has assembled a set of technical tools vital to all fleet managers, whether they be with public-sector agencies or companies, who are involved in vehicle-purchasing decisions. It deals with the specific issues related to the use, maintenance and acquisition of electric vehicles. Besides those elements intended to convince both decision-makers and users alike, the automobile fleet manager will find herein, as a conclusion, some examples of comparative economic assessments. These serve to highlight the opportunities available for using electric vehicles in a wide variety of situations. (authors) 18 refs.

  14. Designing Knowledge Applying & Creating Organizational Culture Model (Case study: Automobile Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saeid Abdolmanafi

    2014-05-01

    The results indicate communication quality, individual creativity, integration, organizational identity, power distance and responsibility are factors that clarifying organizational culture in Iran and knowledge creating and applying organizational culture influence knowledge management.

  15. DETECTION RELEVANCY OF SOME FACTORS INFLUENCING ON AIR POLLUTION FROM AUTOMOBILE AND ROAD COMPLEX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radkevich, M.

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The dependence between the pavement evenness and the emissions of air pollutants from automobile – road sector is detected. It is proposed to take the pavement evenness for the assessment criterion of greenhouse and other gases emissions.

  16. DETECTION RELEVANCY OF SOME FACTORS INFLUENCING ON AIR POLLUTION FROM AUTOMOBILE AND ROAD COMPLEX

    OpenAIRE

    Radkevich, M.

    2013-01-01

    The dependence between the pavement evenness and the emissions of air pollutants from automobile – road sector is detected. It is proposed to take the pavement evenness for the assessment criterion of greenhouse and other gases emissions.

  17. Main factors influencing the fall of sales in the Russian automobile market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anastasiya A. Kurilova

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective to identify the negative factors affecting the development of the Russian automobile market. Methods systemic approach generalization and comparison of results method of induction. The findings are based on the research results and observations obtained with the comparativehistorical dialecticalsynthetic and abstractlogical methods. Results basing on data of the International organization of motor vehicle manufacturers OICA the rate of vehicles overproduction worldwide was determined the analysis of motorization index in various countries allowed to form the forecast for the development of automotive fleet in Russia basing on the analysis of macroeconomic data the main factors influencing the development of the Russian automobile market were determined. Scientific novelty the regularities of dynamics of development of the global and Russian automobile markets were revealed. The factors influencing the Russian car market were identified. Practical significance the Russian car manufacturers can use information about the development of the global and Russian automobile markets to create plans for their activities. nbsp

  18. ESTIMATED RATE OF FATAL AUTOMOBILE ACCIDENTS ATTRIBUTABLE TO ACUTE SOLVENT EXPOSURE AT LOW INHALED CONCENTRATIONS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Acute solvent exposures may contribute to automobile accidents because they increase reaction time and decrease attention, in addition to impairing other behaviors. These effects resemble those of ethanol consumption, both with respect to behavioral effects and neurological mecha...

  19. Testing system of automobile synchronizer based on PLC and computer%基于PLC和计算机的汽车同步器测试系统

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王欣

    2012-01-01

    Because the synchronizers are the core part of automobile gearbox,it has important significance for the performance of both automobile and automobile gearbox.To evaluate the performance and longevity of automobile synchronizer,a PLC and computer based testing system is developed.The computer is used to complete the task of man-machine interface interaction,analysis and storage related data.The PLC is use to real-time gather data and real-time control,according to orders coming from the computer.The testing system can achieve three types of long-time and high-repeated tests and keep its operation stable and reliable.This paper presents its structure,control system design,application of PLC and control program design.%同步器是汽车变速箱的核心部件,其性能对汽车变速箱以及汽车性能的提高有着重要意义。为了评价汽车变速器中同步器的性能与寿命,相应设计了基于PLC和计算机共同控制的测试系统;计算机主要完成人机界面交互任务以及相关数据的分析与存储,PLC根据计算机命令实现数据实时采集和对整个系统的实时控制;测试系统能够进行三类长时间、高重复性的主要测试,运行稳定可靠。本文主要介绍了测试系统的组成结构、系统设计、PLC在测试系统中的应用和控制程序设计。

  20. Industrial communication technology handbook

    CERN Document Server

    Zurawski, Richard

    2005-01-01

    The Industrial Communication Technology Handbook focuses on current and newly emerging communication technologies and systems that are evolving in response to the needs of industry and the demands of industry-led consortia and organizations.Organized into two parts, the text first summarizes the basics of data communications and IP networks, then presents a comprehensive overview of the field of industrial communications. This book extensively covers the areas of fieldbus technology, industrial Ethernet and real-time extensions, wireless and mobile technologies in industrial applications, the