WorldWideScience

Sample records for automatic vehicle monitoring

  1. A Communication Protocol and Monitoring Policy for Input/Output Vehicles in an Automatic Storage and Retrieval System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Li; LI Wenfeng; LIAO Xiaoping; SU Wengui; LIN Yizhong

    2006-01-01

    The acquisition and processing of equipment information is pivotal to control and management of the automated storage and retrieval system. The work of this paper is based on the automatic storage and retrieval experimental system of Wuhan University of Technology. First, the output/input flow and the control information of storage/retrieval vehicle are studied and the plotting finite state machine model of the stacking crane is established. Then, the communication protocol between the center control management computer and the PLC of stacking crane is designed. Finally, the stacking crane's monitoring data, which include operating time, running states and real-time position status, are gained by analyzing the communication protocol. The detailed program for the acquisition and processing of monitoring information is developed. This method is suitable for the equipment monitoring of the whole system, and provides a platform for studying the intelligent control and optimal scheduling strategies of AS/RS.

  2. Automatic personnel contamination monitor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    United Nuclear Industries, Inc. (UNI) has developed an automatic personnel contamination monitor (APCM), which uniquely combines the design features of both portal and hand and shoe monitors. In addition, this prototype system also has a number of new features, including: micro computer control and readout, nineteen large area gas flow detectors, real-time background compensation, self-checking for system failures, and card reader identification and control. UNI's experience in operating the Hanford N Reactor, located in Richland, Washington, has shown the necessity of automatically monitoring plant personnel for contamination after they have passed through the procedurally controlled radiation zones. This final check ensures that each radiation zone worker has been properly checked before leaving company controlled boundaries. Investigation of the commercially available portal and hand and shoe monitors indicated that they did not have the sensitivity or sophistication required for UNI's application, therefore, a development program was initiated, resulting in the subject monitor. Field testing shows good sensitivity to personnel contamination with the majority of alarms showing contaminants on clothing, face and head areas. In general, the APCM has sensitivity comparable to portal survey instrumentation. The inherit stand-in, walk-on feature of the APCM not only makes it easy to use, but makes it difficult to bypass. (author)

  3. 1997 update for the applications guide to vehicle SNM monitors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ten years have elapsed since the publication of the original applications guide to vehicle special nuclear material (SNM) monitors. During that interval, use of automatic vehicle monitors has become more commonplace, and formal procedures for monitor upkeep and evaluation have become available. New concepts for vehicle monitoring are being explored, as well. This update report reviews the basics of vehicle SNM monitoring, discusses what is new in vehicle SNM monitoring, and catalogs the vehicle SNM monitors that are commercial available

  4. Automatic mapping of monitoring data

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lophaven, Søren; Nielsen, Hans Bruun; Søndergaard, Jacob

    2005-01-01

    This paper presents an approach, based on universal kriging, for automatic mapping of monitoring data. The performance of the mapping approach is tested on two data-sets containing daily mean gamma dose rates in Germany reported by means of the national automatic monitoring network (IMIS......). In the second dataset an accidental release of radioactivity in the environment was simulated in the South-Western corner of the monitored area. The approach has a tendency to smooth the actual data values, and therefore it underestimates extreme values, as seen in the second dataset. However, it is capable...

  5. Automatically Identification and Classification of Moving Vehicles at Night

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Atena Khodarahmi

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Todays moving object detection plays an important role in computer vision filed. Although a lot of moving objects detection methods has been proposed but monitoring at nights is still a challenging topic. In this paper, a robust algorithm is proposed for automatic detection moving vehicles at night or in environments with low level of light which has quality problems. In this algorithm, first preprocessing steps were conducted. Then all of vehicles in frame identify and classify according their type. Finally, the moving vehicles detected. The results demonstrate that the proposed algorithm significantly outperforms existing algorithm for the detecting and classification of moving vehicles at night.

  6. Vehicle Cabin Atmosphere Monitor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chutjian, Ara; Darrach, Muray

    2007-01-01

    Vehicle Cabin Atmosphere Monitor (VCAM) identifies gases that are present in minute quantities in the International Space Station (ISS) breathing air that could harm the crew s health. If successful, instruments like VCAM could accompany crewmembers during long-duration exploration missions to the Moon or traveling to Mars.

  7. Automatic Radiation Monitoring in Slovenia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: The automatic radiation monitoring system in Slovenia started in early nineties and now it comprises measurements of: 1. External gamma radiation: For the time being there are forty-three probes with GM tubes integrated into a common automatic network, operated at the SNSA. The probes measure dose rate in 30 minute intervals. 2. Aerosol radioactivity: Three automatic aerosol stations measure the concentration of artificial alpha and beta activity in the air, gamma emitting radionuclides, radioactive iodine 131 in the air (in all chemical forms, - natural radon and thoron progeny, 3. Radon progeny concentration: Radon progeny concentration is measured hourly and results are displayed as the equilibrium equivalent concentrations (EEC), 4. Radioactive deposition measurements: As a support to gamma dose rate measurements - the SNSA developed and installed an automatic measuring station for surface contamination equipped with gamma spectrometry system (with 3x3' NaI(Tl) detector). All data are transferred through the different communication pathways to the SNSA. They are collected in 30 minute intervals. Within these intervals the central computer analyses and processes the collected data, and creates different reports. Every month QA/QC analysis of data is performed, showing the statistics of acquisition errors and availability of measuring results. All results are promptly available at the our WEB pages. The data are checked and daily sent to the EURDEP system at Ispra (Italy) and also to the Austrian, Croatian and Hungarian authorities. (author)

  8. Automatic Pipeline Surveillance Air-Vehicle

    OpenAIRE

    Alqaan, Hani

    2016-01-01

    This thesis presents the developments of a vision-based system for aerial pipeline Right-of-Way surveillance using optical/Infrared sensors mounted on Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV). The aim of research is to develop a highly automated, on-board system for detecting and following the pipelines; while simultaneously detecting any third-party interference. The proposed approach of using a UAV platform could potentially reduce the cost of monitoring and surveying pipelines when...

  9. Automatic monitoring system for ''F'' installation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The design and operation procedure of the first part of automatic radiation monitoring system of the Laboratory of Nuclear Problems, JINR, (''F'' Installation) are described. The system consists of 50 data measuring lines from which 30 are used to monitor by means of radiation de-- tectors; 12- to control the state of branch circuits, and orhers give auxiliary information on the accelerator performance. The data are handled and registered by a crate controller with built-in microcomputer once in some seconds. The monitoring results are output on a special light panel, a sound signaling and on a print

  10. Google started to build automatic driving vehicle

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2014-01-01

    <正>The car will have a stop-go button but no controls,steering wheel or pedals.Pictures of the Google vehicle show it looks like a city car with a"friendly"face,designed to make it seem non-threatening and help people accept self-driving technology.Co-founder Sergey Brin revealed the plans at a conference in California."We’re really excited about this vehicle

  11. Condition Monitoring Method for Automatic Transmission Clutches

    OpenAIRE

    Agusmian Partogi Ompusunggu; Jean-Michel Papy; Steve Vandenplas; Paul Sas; Hendrik Van Brussel

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents the development of a condition monitoring method for wet friction clutches which might be useful for automatic transmission applications. The method is developed based on quantifying the change of the relative rotational velocity signal measured between the input and output shaft of a clutch. Prior to quantifying the change, the raw velocity signal is preprocessed to capture the relative velocity signal of interest. Three dimensionless parameters, namely the normalized eng...

  12. Automatic Vehicle Speed Reduction System Using Rf Technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deepa B Chavan

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available For vehicle safety and safety for passengers in vehicle is an important parameter. Most of the vehicles get accident because no proper safety measures are taken especially at curves and hair pin bends humps and any obstacles in front of the vehicle. This system can be used for the prevention of such a problem by indicating a pre indication and also reducing the speed of vehicles by reducing the fuel rate of vehicle. As the action is in terms of fuel rate so the vehicle automatically goes to control and avoids the accidents. At curves and hair pin bends the line of sight is not possible for the drivers so the special kind of transmitter which is tuned at a frequency of 433MHZ are mounted as these transmitters continuously radiate a RF signal for some particular area. As the vehicle come within this radiation the receiver in the vehicle gets activate. The transmitter used here is a coded transmitter which is encoded with encoder. The encoder provides a 4 bit binary data which is serially transmitted to transmitter. The transmitter used here is ASK type (amplitude shift keying which emits the RF radiation.

  13. Desktop calibration of automatic transmission for passenger vehicle

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    FANG Chi; SHI Jian-peng; WANG Jun

    2014-01-01

    Desktop calibration of automatic transmission (AT) is a method which can reduce cost, enhance efficiency and shorten the development periods of a vehicle effectively. We primary introduced the principle and approach of desktop calibration of AT based on the condition of coupling characteristics between engine and torque converter and obtained right point exactly. It is shown to agree with experimental measurements reasonably well. It was used in different applications abroad based on AT technology and achieved a good performance of the vehicle compared with traditional AT technology which primary focuses on the drivability, performance and fuel consumption.

  14. Implementation of a remote computer controlled automatic guided vehicle

    OpenAIRE

    Lu, Roberto F.

    1994-01-01

    The effectiveness of a material handling system is essential to a competitive manufacturing environment. Automatic Guided Vehicles (AGVs) are an irnportant technology within today's modern manufacturing facility. Academic programs in manufacturing and industrial engineering must find ways to include this technology in their instructional and research programs to provide the students with sufficient knowledge to address material handling systems design. This project was a fir...

  15. Condition Monitoring Method for Automatic Transmission Clutches

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agusmian Partogi Ompusunggu

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the development of a condition monitoring method for wet friction clutches which might be useful for automatic transmission applications. The method is developed based on quantifying the change of the relative rotational velocity signal measured between the input and output shaft of a clutch. Prior to quantifying the change, the raw velocity signal is preprocessed to capture the relative velocity signal of interest. Three dimensionless parameters, namely the normalized engagement duration, the normalized Euclidean distance and the spectral angle mapper distance, that can be easily extracted from the signal of interest are proposed in this paper to quantify the change. In order to experimentally evaluate and verify the potential of the proposed method, clutches' life data obtained by conducting accelerated life tests on some commercial clutches with different lining friction materials using a fully instrumented SAE#2 test setup, are utilized for this purpose. The aforementioned parameters extracted from the experimental data exhibit clearly progressive changes during the clutch service life and are well correlated with the evolution of the mean coefficient of friction (COF, which can be seen as a reference feature. Hence, the quantities proposed in this paper can therefore be seen as principle features that may enable us to monitor and assess the condition of wet friction clutches.

  16. 14 CFR 171.267 - Glide path automatic monitor system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Glide path automatic monitor system. 171... Landing System (ISMLS) § 171.267 Glide path automatic monitor system. (a) The ISMLS glide path equipment... control points when any of the following occurs: (1) A shift of the mean ISMLS glide path angle...

  17. Research on Fuzzy Control for Automatic Transmission of Tracked Vehicles

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    A principle of fuzzy control for tracked vehicles is proposed to make its automatic transmission system be able to adapt complex running conditions, and a model of its power train is established to be used in simulation. Based on the fuzzy control method, a fuzzy shift control system composed of a basic shift strategy and a fuzzy modification module is developed to improve the dynamic characteristics and cross-country maneuverability. Simulation results show that the fuzzy shift strategy can improve the shift quality under manifold driving conditions and avoid cycled shift effectively. Therefore,the proposed fuzzy shift strategies are proved to be feasible and practicable.

  18. Automatic vehicle parking using an evolution-obtained neural controller

    OpenAIRE

    Ronchetti, Franco; Lanzarini, Laura Cristina

    2011-01-01

    Within the problems that can be solved with autonomous robots, automatic parking is an area of great interest, since it presents a complex scenario where the agent must go through a series of obstacles to reach its goal. Existing solutions usually require some kind of external mark for monitoring or global vision that indicates where the agent is at a given time. This article presents an evolutionary strategy to generate a robotic controller based on a neural network that successfully solves ...

  19. Automatically Collecting and Monitoring Japanese Weblogs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nanno, Tomoyuki; Suzuki, Yasuhiro; Fujiki, Toshiaki; Okumura, Manabu

    Weblogs (blogs) are now thought of as a potentially useful information source. Although the definition of blogs is not necessarily definite, it is generally understood that they are personal web pages authored by a single individual and made up of a sequence of dated entries of the author's thoughts, that are arranged chronologically. In Japan, since long before blog software became available, people have written `diaries' on the web. These web diaries are quite similar to blogs in their content, and people still write them without any blog software. As we will show, hand-edited blogs are quite numerous in Japan, though most people now think of blogs as pages usually published using one of the variants of public-domain blog software. Therefore, it is quite difficult to exhaustively collect Japanese blogs, i.e., collect blogs made with blog software and web diaries written as normal web pages. With this as the motivation for our work, we present a system that tries to automatically collect and monitor Japanese blog collections that include not only ones made with blog software but also ones written as normal web pages. Our approach is based on extraction of date expressions and analysis of HTML documents, to avoid having to depend on specific blog software, RSS, or the ping server.

  20. INTEGRATED VEHICLE PERFORMANCE AND EMISSION MONITORING SYSTEM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    OCHIENGWY; NORTHRJ; QUDDUSM; NOLANDRB; POLAKJW

    2005-01-01

    This paper discusses a vehicle performance and emission monitoring system (VPEMS) capable of interfacing with either a vehicle engine management system (EMS) or a sensor array fitted to the vehicle. It also describes the procedures used to validate the data generated by both diesel and petrol powered vehicles. These include the results of bench and field experiments using two instrumented vehicles and of experiments on a chassis dynamometer emissions test facility. The prototype VPEMS attains the specified performance levels for each of the subsystems, with aggregate mass emissions agreeing with the reference to within 11.5%, 8.1% and 17.7% for CO, CO2 and NO, respectively. The collation of these data to produce coherent spatially and temporally referenced databases of vehicle performance and the emission is demonstrated.

  1. A neutron portal monitor for vehicles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We have designed and built a portal vehicle monitoring systems for detecting neutron-emitting special nuclear material (SNM) such as plutonium. Monte Carlo calculations were used to optimize the design of the 15-cm-deep x 122-cm-high x 244-cm-long detector chambers, which utilize 3He proportional counters inside a hollow polyethylene box. Results for a variety of parametric studies, including polyethylene thickness and detector number, are described. Our experimental measurements are in good agreement with the computer calculations. The monitor's decision logic uses the Sequential Probability Ratio Test (SPRT) on Poisson distributed counting data, which is superior to other statistical tests in many applications. We performed computer simulations of the SPRT logic to determine expected false-positive decision rates. A controller unit of our design that uses this SPRT was built commercially. The cost of the complete monitoring system is similar to that of vehicle portal monitors that detect gamma rays. This new neutron monitor can serve as an addition to standard gamma-ray vehicle portals or as a stand-alone portal monitor in particular safeguards monitoring situations. The monitor is being tested at Los Alamos and is scheduled for in-plant evaluation of another DOE facility in 1987. 7 refs

  2. OPTIMAL CONTROL APPLIED IN AUTOMATIC CLUTCH ENGAGEMENTS OF VEHICLES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sun Chengshun; Zhang Jianwu

    2004-01-01

    Start-up working condition is the key to the research of optimal engagement of automatic clutch for AMT.In order to guarantee an ideal dynamic performance of the clutch engagement,an optimal controller is designed by considering throttle angle,engine speed,gear ratio,vehicle acceleration and road condition.The minimum value principle is also introduced to achieve an optimal dynamic performance of the nonlinear system compromised in friction plate wear and vehicle drive quality.The optimal trajectory of the clutch engagement can be described in the form of explicit and analytical expressions and characterized by the deterministic and accurate control strategy in stead of indeterministic and soft control techniques which need thousands of experiments.For validation of the controller,test work is carried out for the automated clutch engagements in a commercial car with an traditional mechanical transmission,a hydraulic actuator,a group of sensors and a portable computer system.It is shown through experiments that dynamic behaviors of the clutch engagement operated by the optimal control are more effective and efficient than those by fuzzy control.

  3. Efficient and automatic wireless geohazard monitoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rubin, Marc J.

    In this dissertation, we present our research contributions geared towards creating an automated and efficient wireless sensor network (WSN) for geohazard monitoring. Specifically, this dissertation addresses three overall technical research problems inherent in implementing and deploying such a WSN, i.e., 1) automated event detection from geophysical data, 2) efficient wireless transmission, and 3) low-cost wireless hardware. In addition, after presenting algorithms, experimentation, and results from these three overall problems, we take a step back and discuss how, when, and why such scientific work matters in a geohazardous risk scenario. First, in Chapter 2, we discuss automated geohazard event detection within geophysical data. In particular, we present our pattern recognition workflow that can automatically detect snow avalanche events in seismic (geophone sensor) data. This workflow includes customized signal preprocessing for feature extraction, cluster-based stratified sub-sampling for majority class reduction, and experimentation with 12 different machine learning algorithms; results show that a decision stump classifier achieved 99.8% accuracy, 88.8% recall, and 13.2% precision in detecting avalanches within seismic data collected in the mountains above Davos, Switzerland, an improvement on previous work in the field. To address the second overall research problem (i.e., efficient wireless transmission), we present and evaluate our on-mote compressive sampling algorithm called Randomized Timing Vector (RTV) in Chapter 3 and compare our approach to four other on-mote, lossy compression algorithms in Chapter 4. Results from our work show that our RTV algorithm outperforms current on-mote compressive sampling algorithms and performs comparably to (and in many cases better than) the four state-of-the-art, on-mote lossy compression techniques. The main benefit of RTV is that it can guarantee a desired level of compression performance (and thus, radio usage

  4. New automatic radiation monitoring network in Slovenia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Slovenian Nuclear Safety Administration gathers all on-line dose rate data measured by the various automatic networks operating throughout the territory of Slovenia. With the help of the PHARE financing program and in close cooperation with the Environmental agency of RS the upgrade of the existing network begun in 2005 and was finished in March 2006. The upgrade provided new measuring sites with all relevant data needed in case of a radiological accident. Even bigger improvement was made in the area of data presentation and analysis, which was the main shortcoming of the old system. (author)

  5. Shift Control System of Heavy-duty Vehicle Automatic Transmission

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yan Zhang

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Heavy-duty vehicle hydrodynamic mechanical automatic transmission shifting operation system was designed, mathematical model of its simplified hydraulic system was established and simulation model of shifting operation system was established with AMESim, the simulation experiment was carried out, then oil pressure curves of each clutch hydraulic cylinder were obtained when giving forward gear or reverse gear signals. The simulation results show that shifting operating system meets the design requirements, and verify the correctness of the model. The shift timing is correct, and there is no power interruption or gear overlap during the shift transition process. Joint oil pressure of designed system is stable, and shifting shock is small. The research results are providing the basis for further study of shifting operation system and a reasonable platform for the studying of shift schedule and quality. The theoretical design method and dynamic simulation experiment will be feasible for the real industrial applications. The research results can be used in design and optimization of hydraulic system

  6. Measuring Service Reliability Using Automatic Vehicle Location Data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhenliang Ma

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Bus service reliability has become a major concern for both operators and passengers. Buffer time measures are believed to be appropriate to approximate passengers' experienced reliability in the context of departure planning. Two issues with regard to buffer time estimation are addressed, namely, performance disaggregation and capturing passengers’ perspectives on reliability. A Gaussian mixture models based method is applied to disaggregate the performance data. Based on the mixture models distribution, a reliability buffer time (RBT measure is proposed from passengers’ perspective. A set of expected reliability buffer time measures is developed for operators by using different spatial-temporal levels combinations of RBTs. The average and the latest trip duration measures are proposed for passengers that can be used to choose a service mode and determine the departure time. Using empirical data from the automatic vehicle location system in Brisbane, Australia, the existence of mixture service states is verified and the advantage of mixture distribution model in fitting travel time profile is demonstrated. Numerical experiments validate that the proposed reliability measure is capable of quantifying service reliability consistently, while the conventional ones may provide inconsistent results. Potential applications for operators and passengers are also illustrated, including reliability improvement and trip planning.

  7. Automatic calorimetry system monitors RF power

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harness, B. W.; Heiberger, E. C.

    1969-01-01

    Calorimetry system monitors the average power dissipated in a high power RF transmitter. Sensors measure the change in temperature and the flow rate of the coolant, while a multiplier computes the power dissipated in the RF load.

  8. Precision wildlife monitoring using unmanned aerial vehicles

    OpenAIRE

    Jarrod C. Hodgson; Shane M. Baylis; Rowan Mott; Ashley Herrod; Rohan H Clarke

    2016-01-01

    Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) represent a new frontier in environmental research. Their use has the potential to revolutionise the field if they prove capable of improving data quality or the ease with which data are collected beyond traditional methods. We apply UAV technology to wildlife monitoring in tropical and polar environments and demonstrate that UAV-derived counts of colony nesting birds are an order of magnitude more precise than traditional ground counts. The increased count pre...

  9. Examination techniques of the automatics fire detection monitoring system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oh, Yon Woo [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Taejon (Korea)

    1999-04-01

    The variety of the automatic fire detection monitoring systems has been developed because the multistory buildings were constructed and the various structural materials were used. To stop the spread of the fire and minimize the damage of human life and properties of the facility, it should be informed precisely to all the members of the facility. (author). 12 refs., 28 figs.

  10. Automatic outdoor monitoring system for photovoltaic panels

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stefancich, Marco [Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerce, Istituto dei Materiali per l’Elettronica ed il Magnetismo (CNR-IMEM), Parco Area delle Scienze 37/A, 43124 Parma, Italy; Simpson, Lin [National Renewable Energy Laboratory, 15013 Denver West Parkway, Golden, Colorado 80401, USA; Chiesa, Matteo [Masdar Institute of Science and Technology, P.O. Box 54224, Masdar City, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

    2016-05-01

    Long-term acquisition of solar panel performance parameters, for panels operated at maximum power point in their real environment, is of critical importance in the photovoltaic research sector. However, few options exist for the characterization of non-standard panels such as concentrated photovoltaic systems, heavily soiled or shaded panels or those operating under non-standard spectral illumination; certainly, it is difficult to find such a measurement system that is flexible and affordable enough to be adopted by the smaller research institutes or universities. We present here an instrument aiming to fill this gap, autonomously tracking and maintaining any solar panel at maximum power point while continuously monitoring its operational parameters and dissipating the produced energy without connection to the power grid. The instrument allows periodic acquisition of current-voltage curves to verify the employed maximum power point tracking approach. At the same time, with hardware schematics and software code being provided, it provides a flexible open development environment for the monitoring of non-standard generators like concentrator photovoltaic systems and to test novel power tracking approaches. The key issues, and the corresponding solutions, encountered in the design are analyzed in detail and the relevant schematics presented.

  11. Automatic outdoor monitoring system for photovoltaic panels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stefancich, Marco; Simpson, Lin; Chiesa, Matteo

    2016-05-01

    Long-term acquisition of solar panel performance parameters, for panels operated at maximum power point in their real environment, is of critical importance in the photovoltaic research sector. However, few options exist for the characterization of non-standard panels such as concentrated photovoltaic systems, heavily soiled or shaded panels or those operating under non-standard spectral illumination; certainly, it is difficult to find such a measurement system that is flexible and affordable enough to be adopted by the smaller research institutes or universities. We present here an instrument aiming to fill this gap, autonomously tracking and maintaining any solar panel at maximum power point while continuously monitoring its operational parameters and dissipating the produced energy without connection to the power grid. The instrument allows periodic acquisition of current-voltage curves to verify the employed maximum power point tracking approach. At the same time, with hardware schematics and software code being provided, it provides a flexible open development environment for the monitoring of non-standard generators like concentrator photovoltaic systems and to test novel power tracking approaches. The key issues, and the corresponding solutions, encountered in the design are analyzed in detail and the relevant schematics presented.

  12. Development of vehicle intelligent monitoring system (VIMS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fujino, Yozo; Kitagawa, Keisuke; Furukawa, Takashi; Ishii, Hironori

    2005-05-01

    In an urban highway network system such as Tokyo Metropolitan Expressway, to detect conditions of road pavement and expansion joints is a very important issue. Although accurate surface condition can be captured by using a road profiler system, the operating cost is expensive and development of a simpler and more inexpensive system is really needed to reduce monitoring cost. "Vehicle Intelligent Monitoring System (VIMS)" developed for this purpose is described in this paper. An accelerometer and GPS are installed to an ordinary road patrol car. GPS together with a PC computer are used to measure the road surface condition and to identify the location of the vehicle, respectively. Dynamic response of the vehicle is used as a measure of the road pavements surface condition as well as the expansion joints. A prototype of VIMS is installed to a motor car and measurement is made at the actual roads. Accuracy of measuring result and effectiveness of this system are demonstrated; the outline of the system and some of the measurement results are reported herein.

  13. Real-time vehicle emission monitoring along roadsides

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stelwagen, U.; Lange, R. de; Ligterink, N.E.; Klunder, G.A.; Bigazzi, A.; Duyzer, J.H.; Baalen, J. van; Katwijk, R.T. van; Kruithof, M.C.; Ratingen, S. van; Weststrate, J.H.; Wilmink, I.R.

    2010-01-01

    In the worldwide efforts to reduce the emissions of greenhouse gasses in general and those emitted by vehicles in particular, vehicle emission monitoring is important. It provides accurate knowledge of real-world emissions of vehicles as input for vehicle emission models. Real-time emission monitori

  14. Hybrid three-dimensional and support vector machine approach for automatic vehicle tracking and classification using a single camera

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kachach, Redouane; Cañas, José María

    2016-05-01

    Using video in traffic monitoring is one of the most active research domains in the computer vision community. TrafficMonitor, a system that employs a hybrid approach for automatic vehicle tracking and classification on highways using a simple stationary calibrated camera, is presented. The proposed system consists of three modules: vehicle detection, vehicle tracking, and vehicle classification. Moving vehicles are detected by an enhanced Gaussian mixture model background estimation algorithm. The design includes a technique to resolve the occlusion problem by using a combination of two-dimensional proximity tracking algorithm and the Kanade-Lucas-Tomasi feature tracking algorithm. The last module classifies the shapes identified into five vehicle categories: motorcycle, car, van, bus, and truck by using three-dimensional templates and an algorithm based on histogram of oriented gradients and the support vector machine classifier. Several experiments have been performed using both real and simulated traffic in order to validate the system. The experiments were conducted on GRAM-RTM dataset and a proper real video dataset which is made publicly available as part of this work.

  15. Unattended vehicle detection for automatic traffic light control

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdel Hady, Aya Salama; Moustafa, Mohamed

    2013-12-01

    Machine vision based traffic light control depends mainly on measuring traffic statistics at cross roads. Most of the previous studies have not taken unattended vehicles into consideration when calculating either the traffic density or the traffic flow. In this paper, we propose incorporating unattended vehicles into a new metric for measuring the traffic congestion. In addition to the vehicle motion analysis, opening the driver's side door is an important indicator that this vehicle is going to be unattended. Therefore, we focus in this paper on presenting how to detect this event for stationary vehicles from a live camera or a video feed. Through a set of experiments, we have found out that a Scale Invariant Feature Transform (SIFT) feature-descriptor with a Support Vector Machines (SVM) classifier was able to successfully classify open-door vehicles from closed-door ones in 96.7% of our test dataset.

  16. Comparative Analysis of Automatic Vehicle Classification Techniques: A Survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kanwal Yousaf

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Vehicle classification has emerged as a significant field of study because of its importance in variety of applications like surveillance, security system, traffic congestion avoidance and accidents prevention etc. So far numerous algorithms have been implemented for classifying vehicle. Each algorithm follows different procedures for detecting vehicles from videos. By evaluating some of the commonly used techniques we highlighted most beneficial methodology for classifying vehicles. In this paper we pointed out the working of several video based vehicle classification algorithms and compare these algorithms on the basis of different performance metrics such as classifiers, classification methodology or principles and vehicle detection ratio etc. After comparing these parameters we concluded that Hybrid Dynamic Bayesian Network (HDBN Classification algorithm is far better than the other algorithms due to its nature of estimating the simplest features of vehicles from different videos. HDBN detects vehicles by following important stages of feature extraction, selection and classification. It extracts the rear view information of vehicles rather than other information such as distance between the wheels and height of wheel etc.

  17. Precision wildlife monitoring using unmanned aerial vehicles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hodgson, Jarrod C; Baylis, Shane M; Mott, Rowan; Herrod, Ashley; Clarke, Rohan H

    2016-03-17

    Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) represent a new frontier in environmental research. Their use has the potential to revolutionise the field if they prove capable of improving data quality or the ease with which data are collected beyond traditional methods. We apply UAV technology to wildlife monitoring in tropical and polar environments and demonstrate that UAV-derived counts of colony nesting birds are an order of magnitude more precise than traditional ground counts. The increased count precision afforded by UAVs, along with their ability to survey hard-to-reach populations and places, will likely drive many wildlife monitoring projects that rely on population counts to transition from traditional methods to UAV technology. Careful consideration will be required to ensure the coherence of historic data sets with new UAV-derived data and we propose a method for determining the number of duplicated (concurrent UAV and ground counts) sampling points needed to achieve data compatibility.

  18. Application of Machine Vision to Vehicle Automatic Collision Warning Algorithm

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Jiang-feng; GAO Feng; XU Guo-yan; YAO Sheng-zhuo

    2008-01-01

    Using the new technologies such as information technology, communication technology and electronic control technology, vehicle collision warning system(CWS) can acquire road condition, adjacent vehicle march condition as well as its dynamics performance continuously, then it can forecast the oncoming potential collision and give a warning. Based on the analysis of driver's driving behavior, algorithm's warning norms are determined. Based on warning norms adopting machine vision method, the cooperation collision warning algorithm(CWA) model with multi-input and multi-output is established which is used in supporting vehicle CWS. The CWA is tested using the actual data and the result shows that this algorithm can identify and carry out warning for vehicle collision efficiently, which has important meaning for improving the vehicle travel safety.

  19. Automatic continuous monitoring system for dangerous sites and cargoes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The problems of creation of automatic comprehensive continuous monitoring system for nuclear and radiation sites and cargoes of Rosatom Corporation, which carries out data collecting, processing, storage and transmission, including informational support to decision-making, as well as support to modelling and forecasting functions, are considered. The system includes components of two levels: site and industry. Currently the system is used to monitor over 8000 integrated parameters, which characterise the status of nuclear and radiation safety on Rosatom sites, environmental and fire safety

  20. Poster Abstract: Automatic Calibration of Device Attitude in Inertial Measurement Unit Based Traffic Probe Vehicles

    KAUST Repository

    Mousa, Mustafa

    2016-04-28

    Probe vehicles consist in mobile traffic sensor networks that evolve with the flow of vehicles, transmitting velocity and position measurements along their path, generated using GPSs. To address the urban positioning issues of GPSs, we propose to replace them with inertial measurement units onboard vehicles, to estimate vehicle location and attitude using inertial data only. While promising, this technology requires one to carefully calibrate the orientation of the device inside the vehicle to be able to process the acceleration and rate gyro data. In this article, we propose a scheme that can perform this calibration automatically by leveraging the kinematic constraints of ground vehicles, and that can be implemented on low-end computational platforms. Preliminary testing shows that the proposed scheme enables one to accurately estimate the actual accelerations and rotation rates in the vehicle coordinates. © 2016 IEEE.

  1. A Wireless Framework for Lecturers' Attendance System with Automatic Vehicle Identification (AVI Technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emammer Khamis Shafter

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Automatic Vehicle Identification (AVI technology is one type of Radio Frequency Identification (RFID method which can be used to significantly improve the efficiency of lecturers' attendance system. It provides the capability of automatic data capture for attendance records using mobile device equipped in users’ vehicle. The intent of this article is to propose a framework for automatic lecturers' attendance system using AVI technology. The first objective of this work involves gathering of requirements for Automatic Lecturers' Attendance System and to represent them using UML diagrams. The second objective is to put forward a framework that will provide guidelines for developing the system. A prototype has also been created as a pilot project.

  2. Automatically monitoring driftwood in large rivers: preliminary results

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piegay, H.; Lemaire, P.; MacVicar, B.; Mouquet-Noppe, C.; Tougne, L.

    2014-12-01

    Driftwood in rivers impact sediment transport, riverine habitat and human infrastructures. Quantifying it, in particular large woods on fairly large rivers where it can move easily, would allow us to improve our knowledge on fluvial transport processes. There are several means of studying this phenomenon, amongst which RFID sensors tracking, photo and video monitoring. In this abstract, we are interested in the latter, being easier and cheaper to deploy. However, video monitoring of driftwood generates a huge amount of images and manually labeling it is tedious. It is essential to automate such a monitoring process, which is a difficult task in the field of computer vision, and more specifically automatic video analysis. Detecting foreground into dynamic background remains an open problem to date. We installed a video camera at the riverside of a gauging station on the Ain River, a 3500 km² Piedmont River in France. Several floods were manually annotated by a human operator. We developed software that automatically extracts and characterizes wood blocks within a video stream. This algorithm is based upon a statistical model and combines static, dynamic and spatial data. Segmented wood objects are further described with the help of a skeleton-based approach that helps us to automatically determine its shape, diameter and length. The first detailed comparisons between manual annotations and automatically extracted data show that we can fairly well detect large wood until a given size (approximately 120 cm in length or 15 cm in diameter) whereas smaller ones are difficult to detect and tend to be missed by either the human operator, either the algorithm. Detection is fairly accurate in high flow conditions where the water channel is usually brown because of suspended sediment transport. In low flow context, our algorithm still needs improvement to reduce the number of false positive so as to better distinguish shadow or turbulence structures from wood pieces.

  3. Study on shift schedule saving energy of automatic transmission of ground vehicles

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚捷; 赵丁选; 陈鹰; 陈宁

    2004-01-01

    To improve ground vehicle efficiency,shift schedule energy saving was proposed for the ground vehicle automatic transmission by studying the function of the torque converter and transmission in the vehicular drivetrain.The shift schedule can keep the torque converter working in the high efficiency range under all the working conditions except in the low efficiency range on the left when the transmission worked at the lowest shift,and in the low efficiency range on the right when the transmission worked at the highest shift.The shift quality key factors were analysed.The automatic transmission's bench-test adopting this shift schedule was made on the automatic transmission's test-bed.The experimental results showed that the shift schedule was correct and that the shift quality was controllable.

  4. Study on shift schedule saving energy of automatic transmission of ground vehicles

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚捷; 赵丁选; 陈鹰; 陈宁

    2004-01-01

    To improve ground vehicle efficiency, shift schedule energy saving was proposed for the ground vehicle automatic transmission by studying the function of the torque converter and transmission in the vehicular drivetrain. The shift schedule can keep the torque converter working in the high efficiency range under all the working conditions except in the low efficiency range on the left when the transmission worked at the lowest shift, and in the low efficiency range on the right when the transmission worked at the highest shift. The shift quality key factors were analysed. The automatic trans-mission's bench-test adopting this shift schedule was made on the automatic transmission's test-bed. The experimental results showed that the shift schedule was correct and that the shift quality was controllable.

  5. Requirements to a Norwegian National Automatic Gamma Monitoring System

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lauritzen, B.; Hedemann Jensen, P.; Nielsen, F

    2005-04-01

    An assessment of the overall requirements to a Norwegian gamma-monitoring network is undertaken with special emphasis on the geographical distribution of automatic gamma monitoring stations, type of detectors in such stations and the sensitivity of the system in terms of ambient dose equivalent rate increments above the natural background levels. The study is based upon simplified deterministic calculations of the radiological consequences of generic nuclear accident scenarios. The density of gamma monitoring stations has been estimated from an analysis of the dispersion of radioactive materials over large distances using historical weather data; the minimum density is estimated from the requirement that a radioactive plume may not slip unnoticed in between stations of the monitoring network. The sensitivity of the gamma monitoring system is obtained from the condition that events that may require protective intervention measures should be detected by the system. Action levels for possible introduction of sheltering and precautionary foodstuff restrictions are derived in terms of ambient dose equivalent rate. For emergency situations where particulates contribute with only a small fraction of the total ambient dose equivalent rate from the plume, it is concluded that measurements of dose rate are sufficient to determine the need for sheltering; simple dose rate measurements however, are inadequate to determine the need for foodstuff restrictions and spectral measurements are required. (au)

  6. Internal combustion engine for vehicles with automatic gearbox. Brennkraftmaschine fuer Kraftfahrzeuge mit einem automatischen Getriebe

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hetmann, R.

    1982-04-19

    The invention refers to an internal combustion engine for vehicles with an automatic gearbox, where the internal combustion engine has a first group of cylinders and at least one second group of cylinders, and a device for affecting the fuel supply to the groups of cylinders, depending on the working parameters of the vehicle. The invention is characterised by the fact that the working parameters are the handbrake and footbrake of the vehicle, and that the device for affecting the fuel supply to the groups of cylinders when the footbrake or handbrake is operated makes it possible to supply fuel to only part of the groups of cylinders. The control switches of both braking systems are connected to the fuel supply control via a logic circuit. This arrangement of the system prevents damage when testing the braking speed of the automatic gearbox due to excessive loads.

  7. Automatic Vehicle License Recognition Based on Video Vehicular Detection System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG Zhaoxuan; CHEN Yang; HE Yinghua; WU Jun

    2006-01-01

    Traditional methods of license character extraction cannot meet the requirements of recognition accuracy and speed rendered by the video vehicular detection system.Therefore, a license plate localization method based on multi-scale edge detection and a character segmentation algorithm based on Markov random field model is presented.Results of experiments demonstrate that the method yields more accurate license character extraction in contrast to traditional localization method based on edge detection by difference operator and character segmentation based on threshold.The accuracy increases from 90% to 94% under preferable illumination, while under poor condition, it increases more than 5%.When the two improved algorithms are used, the accuracy and speed of automatic license recognition meet the system's requirement even under the noisy circumstance or uneven illumination.

  8. Controlling and Reducing of Speed for Vehicles Automatically By Using Rf Technology.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y. Ravindra Babu,

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available For vehicle safety and safety for passengers in vehicle is an important parameter. Most of the vehicles get accident because no proper safety measures are taken especially at curves and hair pin bends humps and any obstacles in front of the vehicle. This system can be used for the prevention of such a problem by indicating a pre indication and also reducing the speed of vehicles by reducing the fuel rate of vehicle. As the action is in terms of fuel rate so the vehicle automatically goes to control and avoids the accidents. At curves and hair pin bends the line of sight is not possible for the drivers so the special kind of transmitter which is tuned at a frequency of 433MHZ are mounted as these transmitters continuously radiate a RF signal for some particular area. As the vehicle come within this radiation the receiver in the vehicle gets activate. The transmitter used here is a coded transmitter which is encoded with encoder. The encoder provides a 4 bit binary data which is serially transmitted to transmitter. The transmitter used here is ASK type (amplitude shift keying which emits the RF radiation.

  9. Design and Implementation of a Modern Automatic Deformation Monitoring System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engel, Philipp; Schweimler, Björn

    2016-03-01

    The deformation monitoring of structures and buildings is an important task field of modern engineering surveying, ensuring the standing and reliability of supervised objects over a long period. Several commercial hardware and software solutions for the realization of such monitoring measurements are available on the market. In addition to them, a research team at the University of Applied Sciences in Neubrandenburg (NUAS) is actively developing a software package for monitoring purposes in geodesy and geotechnics, which is distributed under an open source licence and free of charge. The task of managing an open source project is well-known in computer science, but it is fairly new in a geodetic context. This paper contributes to that issue by detailing applications, frameworks, and interfaces for the design and implementation of open hardware and software solutions for sensor control, sensor networks, and data management in automatic deformation monitoring. It will be discussed how the development effort of networked applications can be reduced by using free programming tools, cloud computing technologies, and rapid prototyping methods.

  10. Vehicle Monitoring And Diagnostic Using IMS Architecture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Munir Sayyad,

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Convergence of technologies is important in this era to make progress in any field. The need to converge technologies arises from the concept of improvisation. This paper proposes a system architecture which is used to diagnose vehicle parameters and then relay the data via a feasible next generation network based on IMS architecture to a central server. Vehicles are to be equipped with a simple portable scan tool (PST device which will interface with the OBD-II port of the vehicle and record the diagnostic data and relay them to the server. Further if the vehicle owner wants real time remote updates of the vehicle then it can be done by using his/her cellular device. IMS architecture simplifies the process of user registration and help in achieving faster transmission speed. Lastly various secondary applications can be generated by this system as by using thissystem the vehicles are getting connected on a grid.

  11. Automatic Monitoring Electronic Tongue with MEAs for Environmental Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shaofang Zou; Hong Men; Yi Li; Yinping Wang; Ping Wang

    2006-01-01

    An automatic monitoring electronic tongue based on differential pulse stripping voltammetry (DPSV) was developed for heavy metals analysis. Simultaneous detections of trace Zn(Ⅱ), Cd(Ⅱ), Pb(Ⅱ), Cu(Ⅱ), Fe(Ⅲ) and Cr(Ⅲ) in water samples were performed with three electrochemical sensors. The sensor chip combined a silicon-based Hg-coated Au microelectrode array (MEA) as the working electrode on one side with an Ag/AgCl reference electrode and a Pt counter electrode on the other side. With a computer controlled multipotentiostat, pumps and valves, the electronic tongue realized in-situ real-time detection of the six metals mentioned above at parts-per-billion level without manual operation.

  12. Monitoring system for gamma radiation of porch type for vehicles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A monitoring system of gamma radiation for vehicles of the porch type developed in the ININ is presented. This system carries out the radiological monitoring of the vehicles in continuous form, detecting the bottom radiological environment and the presence of nuclear material transported in vehicles. The vehicles are monitored while they pass to low speed through the porch. The detectors are plastic scintillators of great volume that allow high sensibility detection. The arrangement of detecting is interconnected in net, and the data are concentrated on a personal computer whose interface man-machine can be accessed from any personal computer connected to Internet. The system monitoring in real time with options of sampling times from 50 ms configurable up to 500 ms. (Author)

  13. Adaptable System for Vehicle Health and Usage Monitoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woodart, Stanley E.; Woodman, Keith L.; Coffey, Neil C.; Taylor, Bryant D.

    2005-01-01

    Aircraft and other vehicles are often kept in service beyond their original design lives. As they age, they become susceptible to system malfunctions and fatigue. Unlike future aircraft that will include health-monitoring capabilities as integral parts in their designs, older aircraft have not been so equipped. The Adaptable Vehicle Health and Usage Monitoring System is designed to be retrofitted into a preexisting fleet of military and commercial aircraft, ships, or ground vehicles to provide them with state-of-the-art health- and usage-monitoring capabilities. The monitoring system is self-contained, and the integration of it into existing systems entails limited intrusion. In essence, it has bolt-on/ bolt-off simplicity that makes it easy to install on any preexisting vehicle or structure. Because the system is completely independent of the vehicle, it can be certified for airworthiness as an independent system. The purpose served by the health-monitoring system is to reduce vehicle operating costs and to increase safety and reliability. The monitoring system is a means to identify damage to, or deterioration of, vehicle subsystems, before such damage or deterioration becomes costly and/or disastrous. Frequent monitoring of a vehicle enables identification of the embryonic stages of damage or deterioration. The knowledge thus gained can be used to correct anomalies while they are still somewhat minor. Maintenance can be performed as needed, instead of having the need for maintenance identified during cyclic inspections that take vehicles off duty even when there are no maintenance problems. Measurements and analyses acquired by the health-monitoring system also can be used to analyze mishaps. Overall, vehicles can be made more reliable and kept on duty for longer times. Figure 1 schematically depicts the system as applied to a fleet of n vehicles. The system has three operational levels. All communication between system components is by use of wireless

  14. Heavy automatic guided vehicle contributing to automatic physical distribution; Butsuryu no jidoka no waku wo hirogeta juryobutsu mujin hansosha

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tanaka, H. [Meidensha Corp., Tokyo (Japan)

    1997-06-30

    The high-performance automatic guided vehicle (AGV) for heavy loads was put on the market. The AGV of 20t at maximum carrying capacity, nearly 7.2m in overall length and nearly 1.5m in overall width is the three-wheel magnetic guided vehicle of front wheel steering/driving. The AGV is also equipped with a hydraulic lifter type transfer equipment of 100mm in stroke, and allows the maximum traveling speed as high as 40m/min and continuous operation time as long as 8 hours. Main features of this AGV are as follows: (1) The energy saving platform of a load/dead load ratio as high as 3.5 and a height as low as 420mm including a lifter, (2) The small spin turn function for accurate cargo handling in limited places regardless of the large platform, (3) The all- weather outdoor type platform coated with salt damage resistant paint, maintenance/inspection work possible on the platform, and sealed grease lubrication, and (4) The wireless centralized control system for waiting control at crossings and command control of traveling routes. 7 figs., 3 tabs.

  15. Regenerative braking control strategy in mild hybrid electric vehicles equipped with automatic manual transmission

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    QIN Datong; YE Ming; LIU Zhenjun

    2007-01-01

    The actual regenerative braking force of an integrated starter/generator (ISG),which is varied with desired braking deceleration and vehicle speed,is calculated based on an analysis of the required deceleration,maximum braking force of ISG,engine braking force and state of charge (SOC) of battery.Braking force distribution strategies are presented according to the actual regenerative braking force of ISG.To recover the vehicle's kinetic energy maximally,braking shift rules for a mild hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) equipped with automatic manual transmission (AMT) are brought forward and effects of transmission ratios are considered.A test-bed is built up and regenerative braking tests are carried out.The results show that power recovered by the braking shift rules is more than that recovered by the normal braking control rules.

  16. Modern techniques for condition monitoring of railway vehicle dynamics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A modern railway system relies on sophisticated monitoring systems for maintenance and renewal activities. Some of the existing conditions monitoring techniques perform fault detection using advanced filtering, system identification and signal analysis methods. These theoretical approaches do not require complex mathematical models of the system and can overcome potential difficulties associated with nonlinearities and parameter variations in the system. Practical applications of condition monitoring tools use sensors which are mounted either on the track or rolling stock. For instance, monitoring wheelset dynamics could be done through the use of track-mounted sensors, while vehicle-based sensors are preferred for monitoring the train infrastructure. This paper attempts to collate and critically appraise the modern techniques used for condition monitoring of railway vehicle dynamics by analysing the advantages and shortcomings of these methods.

  17. Automatic guided vehicle contributing to physical distribution of automobile parts; Butsuryu no jidoka ni kokensuru jidosha buhin mujin hanso system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Inaba, E. [Meidensha Corp., Tokyo (Japan)

    1997-06-30

    This paper presents one example of the unmanned carrying systems using the small automatic guided vehicles (AGV) recently delivered by Meidensha Corp. This system carries hand trucks or buckets loaded with such small parts for automobile engines as sensor and connector by the AGVs. The following abilities were required in adoption of this system: (1) Indication of destinations to several AGVs coming from different lines, and monitoring of traveling conditions of every AGV, (2) The optimum traveling/waiting control between AGVs at crossings, and (3) Hand truck carrying in consideration of an importance of safety. This system allows integrated control of ten and several AGVs using the AGV control board through the stationary radio control station and radio equipment on AGVs. In addition, this system allows indicating communication of destinations to AGVs, and realtime control of AGV traveling conditions. Waiting control of entrance/exit by intercommunication between AGVs is also possible. 7 figs., 2 tabs.

  18. Survey of special nuclear material vehicle monitors for domestic and international safeguards

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Special nuclear materials vehicle monitors, including gateside vehicle monitors, hand-held personnel-vehicle monitors, and a new tunnel monitor concept for very large vehicles, are discussed. The results of a comparison of effectiveness of monitors for domestic application are presented. The results of calculations and small scale prototype measurements are given for a tunnel-like neutron monitor for monitoring at the perimeter of an enrichment plant subjected to International Safeguards

  19. Energy Management for Automatic Monitoring Stations in Arctic Regions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pimentel, Demian

    Automatic weather monitoring stations deployed in arctic regions are usually installed in hard to reach locations. Most of the time they run unsupervised and they face severe environmental conditions: very low temperatures, ice riming, etc. It is usual practice to use a local energy source to power the equipment. There are three main ways to achieve this: (1) a generator whose fuel has to be transported to the location at regular intervals (2) a battery and (3) an energy harvesting generator that exploits a local energy source. Hybrid systems are very common. Polar nights and long winters are typical of arctic regions. Solar radiation reaching the ground during this season is very low or non-existent, depending on the geographical location. Therefore, solar power generation is not very effective. One straightforward, but expensive and inefficient solution is the use of a large bank of batteries that is recharged during sunny months and discharged during the winter. The main purpose of the monitoring stations is to collect meteorological data at regular intervals; interruptions due to a lack of electrical energy can be prevented with the use of an energy management subsystem. Keeping a balance between incoming and outgoing energy flows, while assuring the continuous operation of the station, is the delicate task of energy management strategies. This doctoral thesis explores alternate power generation solutions and intelligent energy management techniques for equipment deployed in the arctic. For instance, harvesting energy from the wind to complement solar generation is studied. Nevertheless, harvested energy is a scarce resource and needs to be used efficiently. Genetic algorithms, fuzzy logic, and common sense are used to efficiently manage energy flows within a simulated arctic weather station.

  20. National automatic network of environmental radiological monitoring (RENAMORA)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Inside the programs of Environmental Radiological Surveillance that it carries out the National Commission of Nuclear Security and Safeguards (CNSNS), it develops an National Automatic Network of Environmental Radiological Monitoring (RENAMORA), where it is carried out a registration of speed of environmental dose in continuous and simultaneous forms with the same moment of the measurement. This net allows to account with the meticulous and opportune information that will help to characterize, in dynamics form, the radiological conditions of diverse geographical zones of the country, including the sites that by normative require bigger surveillance, like its are the Laguna Verde Nuclear power station (CNLV), the Nuclear Center of Mexico (ININ) and the Radioactive waste storage center (CADER). This net is in its first development stage; three points inside the state of Veracruz, in the surroundings of the CNLV, already its are operating; the obtained data of rapidity of environmental dose are being stored in a database inside a primary data center located in the facilities of the CNSNS in Mexico city and its will be analyzed according to the project advances. At the moment, its are installing the first ten teams corresponding to the first phase of the RENAMORA (three stages); its are carried out operation tests, transmission, reception and administration of data. The obtained data will be interpreted, analyzed and inter compared to evaluate the risk levels to that it would be hold the population and to determine thresholds that allow to integrate the alarm systems that its had considered for emergency situations. (Author)

  1. A Review of Indirect Bridge Monitoring Using Passing Vehicles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdollah Malekjafarian

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Indirect bridge monitoring methods, using the responses measured from vehicles passing over bridges, are under development for about a decade. A major advantage of these methods is that they use sensors mounted on the vehicle, no sensors or data acquisition system needs to be installed on the bridge. Most of the proposed methods are based on the identification of dynamic characteristics of the bridge from responses measured on the vehicle, such as natural frequency, mode shapes, and damping. In addition, some of the methods seek to directly detect bridge damage based on the interaction between the vehicle and bridge. This paper presents a critical review of indirect methods for bridge monitoring and provides discussion and recommendations on the challenges to be overcome for successful implementation in practice.

  2. Acoustic Monitoring for Spaceflight Vehicle Applications Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This SBIR will develop and demonstrate acoustic sensor technology enabling real-time, remotely performed measuring and monitoring of sound pressure levels and noise...

  3. Correlation analysis-based image segmentation approach for automatic agriculture vehicle

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    It is important to segment image correctly to extract guidance information for automatic agriculture vehicle. If we can make the computer know where the crops are, we can extract the guidance line easily. Images were divided into some rectangle small windows, then a pair of 1-D arrays was constructed in each small windows. The correlation coefficients of every small window constructed the features to segment images. The results showed that correlation analysis is a potential approach for processing complex farmland for guidance system, and more correlation analysis methods must be researched.

  4. OPTIMAL TORQUE CONTROL STRATEGY FOR PARALLEL HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLE WITH AUTOMATIC MECHANICAL TRANSMISSION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GU Yanchun; YIN Chengliang; ZHANG Jianwu

    2007-01-01

    In parallel hybrid electrical vehicle (PHEV) equipped with automatic mechanical transmission (AMT), the driving smoothness and the clutch abrasion are the primary considerations for powertrain control during gearshift and clutch operation. To improve these performance indexes of PHEV, a coordinated control system is proposed through the analyzing of HEV powertrain dynamic characteristics. Using the method of minimum principle, the input torque of transmission is optimized to improve the driving sinoothness of vehicle. Using the methods of fuzzy logic and fuzzy-PID, the engaging speed of clutch and the throttle opening of engine are manipulated to ensure the smoothness of clutch engagement and reduce the abrasion of clutch friction plates. The motor provides the difference between the required input torque of transmission and the torque transmitted through clutch plates. Results of simulation and experiments show that the proposed control strategy performs better than the contrastive control system, the smoothness of driving and the abrasion of clutch can be improved simultaneously.

  5. 30 CFR 77.211-1 - Continuous methane monitoring device; installation and operation; automatic deenergization of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Continuous methane monitoring device... Installations § 77.211-1 Continuous methane monitoring device; installation and operation; automatic deenergization of electric equipment. Continuous methane monitoring devices shall be set to...

  6. Surfzone monitoring using rotary wing unmanned aerial vehicles

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brouwer, R.L.; De Schipper, M.A.; Rynne, P.F.; Graham, F.J.; Reniers, A.J.H.M.; Macmahan, J.H.

    2015-01-01

    This study investigates the potential of rotary wing unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) to monitor the surfzone. This paper shows that these UAVs are extremely flexible surveying platforms that can gather nearcontinuous moderate spatial resolution and high temporal resolution imagery from a fixed posit

  7. Automatic Vehicle Extraction from Airborne LiDAR Data Using an Object-Based Point Cloud Analysis Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jixian Zhang

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Automatic vehicle extraction from an airborne laser scanning (ALS point cloud is very useful for many applications, such as digital elevation model generation and 3D building reconstruction. In this article, an object-based point cloud analysis (OBPCA method is proposed for vehicle extraction from an ALS point cloud. First, a segmentation-based progressive TIN (triangular irregular network densification is employed to detect the ground points, and the potential vehicle points are detected based on the normalized heights of the non-ground points. Second, 3D connected component analysis is performed to group the potential vehicle points into segments. At last, vehicle segments are detected based on three features, including area, rectangularity and elongatedness. Experiments suggest that the proposed method is capable of achieving higher accuracy than the exiting mean-shift-based method for vehicle extraction from an ALS point cloud. Moreover, the larger the point density is, the higher the achieved accuracy is.

  8. AGV技术发展综述%Automatic Guided Vehicles System & Its Application

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张正义

    2005-01-01

    @@ 定义 自动导引车系统AGVS(Automatic GuidedVehicles System)是指由自动导引车AGV和地面导引系统组成的、进行物料搬运作业的光机电信息技术一体化的系统.原美国物流协会对AGV的定义是:装备有电磁或光学等自动导引装置,能够沿规定的导引路径行驶,具有安全保护以及各种移载功能的运输车辆.

  9. New fully automatic transmissions for commercial vehicles from Daimler-Benz

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mueller, W.; Kraft, K.F.; Paulsen, L.

    1986-12-01

    To fulfill different demands of commercial vehicle usage, Daimler-Benz has developed a new series of fully automatic transmissions for buses, medium and heavy-duty trucks. Using proven technology, the transmission consists of a hydrodynamic torque converter with a lock up clutch, a retarder on the gearbox input side and power shifted planetary gearsets with different numbers of speeds, designed in a modular form. Compared to the earlier transmission, many improvements have been made. In particular, the powerrating of the retarder has been increased, a new cooling system developed, and a highly adaptive electronic-hydraulic shifting system realized, which enables economic operation with precisely and individually determined shift points. With regard to truck usage this series opens up new possibilities of application. Apart from the general design, the three and four speed transmissions are described in detail. Additional transmissions in this series will be dealt with at a later date.

  10. Real-time automatic interpolation of ambient gamma dose rates from the Dutch radioactivity monitoring network

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hiemstra, P.H.; Pebesma, E.J.; Twenhöfel, C.J.W.; Heuvelink, G.B.M.

    2009-01-01

    Detection of radiological accidents and monitoring the spread of the contamination is of great importance. Following the Chernobyl accident many European countries have installed monitoring networks to perform this task. Real-time availability of automatically interpolated maps showing the spread of

  11. Clutch fill control of an automatic transmission for heavy-duty vehicle applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meng, Fei; Chen, Huiyan; Zhang, Tao; Zhu, Xiaoyuan

    2015-12-01

    In this paper an integrated clutch filling phase control for gearshifts on wet clutch transmissions is developed. In a clutch-to-clutch shift of an automatic transmission, in order to obtain smooth gearshift, it should synchronize the oncoming clutch and the off-going clutch timely as well as precise pressure control for the engagement of the oncoming clutch. However, before the oncoming clutch pressure starts to increase, the initial cavity of the clutch chamber has to be filled first. The filling time and stability of the fill phase are very important for the clutch control. In order to improve the shift quality of the automatic transmission which is equipped on heavy-duty vehicles, the electro-hydraulic clutch actuation system is analysed and modelled. A new fill phase control strategy is proposed based on the system analysis as well as the control parameters are optimized according to the variation of the oil temperature and engine speed. The designed strategy is validated by a simulation work. The results demonstrate that the proposed control strategy and parameters modified method can transit the shift process from the fill phase to the torque phase effectively.

  12. Robust vehicle detection even in poor visibility conditions using infrared thermal images and its application to road traffic flow monitoring

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We propose an algorithm for detecting vehicle positions and their movements by using thermal images obtained through an infrared thermography camera. The infrared thermography camera offers high contrast images even in poor visibility conditions like snow and thick fog. The proposed algorithm specifies the area of moving vehicles based on the standard deviations of pixel values along the time direction of spatio-temporal images. It also specifies vehicle positions by applying the pattern recognition algorithm which uses Haar-like features per frame of the images. Moreover, to increase the accuracy of vehicle detection, correction procedures for misrecognition of vehicles are employed. The results of our experiments at three different temperatures show that the information about both vehicle positions and their movements can be obtained by combining those two kinds of detection, and the vehicle detection accuracy is 96.2%. Moreover, the proposed algorithm detects the vehicles robustly in the 222 continuous frames taken in poor visibility conditions like snow and thick fog. As an application of the algorithm, we also propose a method for estimating traffic flow conditions based on the results obtained by the algorithm. By using the method for estimating traffic flow conditions, automatic traffic flow monitoring can be achieved

  13. FOUR-PARAMETER AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION TECHNOLOGY FOR CONSTRUCTION VEHICLE BASED ON ELMAN RECURSIVE NEURAL NETWORK

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Hongyan; ZHAO Dingxuan; TANG Xinxing; Ding Chunfeng

    2008-01-01

    From the viewpoint of energy saving and improving transmission efficiency, the ZL50E wheel loader is taken as the study object. And the system model is analyzed based on the transmission system of the construction vehicle. A new four-parameter shift schedule is presented, which can keep the torque converter working in the high efficiency area. The control algorithm based on the Elman recursive neural network is applied, and four-parameter control system is developed which is based on industrial computer. The system is used to collect data accurately and control 4D180 power-shift gearbox of ZL50E wheel loader shift timely. An experiment is done on automatic transmission test-bed, and the result indicates that the control system could reliably and safely work and improve the efficiency of hydraulic torque converter. Four-parameter shift strategy that takes into account the power consuming of the working pump has important operating significance and reflects the actual working status of construction vehicle.

  14. Study on dynamic optimization of the double railway suspended vehicle for automatic transportation in the welding shop

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Huang Dawei; Gao Xiuhua; Xing Hao; Liu Hongxue; Han Yanhe

    2007-01-01

    The 2DOF dynamic equations of the double railway suspended vehicle for automatic transportation in the welding shop are established. The sensitivities are analyzed. The parameter design is researched in ADAMS in terms of the inner railway radius, wheelbase, gauge, girder length of the double railway suspended vehicle for automatic transportation in the welding product line. The mutual-restriction among the design variables is discussed and the selective ranges of the variables are confirmed. The result shows that the stability of the double railway suspended vehicle for automatic transportation in the welding product line depends on parameters of the inner railway radius, wheelbase, gauge, girder length. The optimal results of the optimal objective and design variables have research significance for the virtual prototype of the double suspension railway automation vehicle. The optimal results are input into the simulation model iteratively and the simulation results are fed back to the physical prototype. The veracity and reliability of performance forecast are improved so that the manufacture cost of the double suspension railway automation vehicle is reduced significantly.

  15. Automatic Detection of Childhood Absence Epilepsy Seizures: Toward a Monitoring Device

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Duun-Henriksen, Jonas; Madsen, Rasmus E.; Remvig, Line S.;

    2012-01-01

    long-term prognoses, balancing antiepileptic effects and side effects. The electroencephalographic appearance of paroxysms in childhood absence epilepsy is fairly homogeneous, making it feasible to develop patient-independent automatic detection. We implemented a state-of-the-art algorithm......Automatic detections of paroxysms in patients with childhood absence epilepsy have been neglected for several years. We acquire reliable detections using only a single-channel brainwave monitor, allowing for unobtrusive monitoring of antiepileptic drug effects. Ultimately we seek to obtain optimal...

  16. Development of an automatic remote monitoring system for nuclear facilities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to implement the recommendations for the remote monitoring of nuclear power stations a task force was organized, which had to propose singular projects and to supervise their completion technically. The crucial points of the field of activity were the technical design of the remote monitoring system, the selection of specific plant and operation parameters, the online calculation of radiation exposure as well as the processing of experimental data and providing the rms-center with the information and data. (orig./DG)

  17. Automatic fatigue monitoring based on real loads. Live demonstration

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The fatigue assessment of power plant components based on local fatigue monitoring approaches is an essential part of the integrity concept and modern lifetime management. An integral approach like the AREVA Fatigue Concept (AFC) basically consists of two essential modules: realistic determination of occurring operational thermal loads by means of a high end fatigue monitoring system and related highly qualified fatigue assessment methods and tools. The fatigue monitoring system delivers continuously realistic load data at the fatigue relevant locations. Consequently, realistic operational load sequences are available as input data for all ensuing fatigue analyses. This way, realistic load data are available and qualified fatigue usage factors can be determined. The mode of operation of the fatigue monitoring system will be explained in the framework of a live demonstration by means of the FAMOSi (i = integrated) demonstration wall. The workflow starts with the continuous online measurement of outer wall temperatures transients on a pipe. Visualization is implemented within the FAMOSi viewer software. In a second step, inner wall temperatures are directly calculated. In a third step, the resulting linearly elastic stress history will be calculated as the basis for subsequent code conforming fatigue assessment. Subsequently, the related advanced fatigue assessment methods of the three staged AFC-approach are addressed.

  18. The D0 online monitoring and automatic DAQ recovery

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    A. Haas et al.

    2004-04-06

    The DZERO experiment, located at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, has recently started the Run 2 physics program. The detector upgrade included a new Data Acquisition/Level 3 Trigger system. Part of the design for the DAQ/Trigger system was a new monitoring infrastructure. The monitoring was designed to satisfy real-time requirements with 1-second resolution as well as nonreal-time data. It was also designed to handle a large number of displays without putting undue load on the sources of monitoring information. The resulting protocol is based on XML, is easily extensible, and has spawned a large number of displays, clients, and other applications. It is also one of the few sources of detector performance available outside the Online System's security wall. A tool, based on this system, which provides for auto-recovery of DAQ errors, has been designed. This talk will include a description of the DZERO DAQ/Online monitor server, based on the ACE framework, the protocol, the auto-recovery tool, and several of the unique displays which include an ORACLE-based archiver and numerous GUIs.

  19. Feature Comparison in Structural Health Monitoring of a Vehicle Crane

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Kullaa

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Vibration-based structural health monitoring of a vehicle crane was studied. The performance of different features to detect damage was investigated after eliminating the normal operational variations using factor analysis. Using eight accelerometers, ten AR parameters from each record were identified for damage detection. Also transmissibilities between sensors were estimated. Damage was introduced with additional masses at different locations of the structure. All damage cases could be detected from either features using control charts, but transmissibilities proved to be more sensitive to damage than the AR coefficients.

  20. Automatic set-point titration for monitoring nitrification in SBRs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fiocchi, N; Ficara, E; Bonelli, S; Canziani, R; Ciappelloni, F; Mariani, S; Pirani, M; Ratini, P; Mazouni, D; Harmand, J

    2008-01-01

    Nitrification is usually the bottleneck of biological nitrogen removal processes. In SBRs systems, it is not often enough to monitor dissolved oxygen, pH and ORP to spot problems which may occur in nitrification processes. Therefore, automated supervision systems should be designed to include the possibility of monitoring the activity of nitrifying populations. Though the applicability of set-point titration for monitoring biological processes has been widely demonstrated in the literature, the possibility of an automated procedure is still at its early stage of industrial development. In this work, the use of an at-line automated titrator named TITAAN (TITrimetric Automated ANalyser) is presented. The completely automated sensor enables us to track nitrification rate trend with time in an SBR, detecting the causes leading to slower specific nitrification rates. It was also possible to perform early detection of toxic compounds in the influent by assessing their effect on the nitrifying biomass. Nitrifications rates were determined with average errors+/-10% (on 26 tests), never exceeding 20% as compared with UV-spectrophotometric determinations. PMID:18701782

  1. Automatic national network of radiation environmental monitoring in Mexico

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Direccion de Vigilancia Radiologica (DVR) of the Comision Nacional de Seguridad Nuclear y Salvaguardias (CNSNS) de Mexico, performs several function for environmental radiation monitoring. One of these functions is the permanent monitoring of the environmental gamma radiation. For this, it implemented the Red Nacional Automatica de Monitoreo Radiologico Ambiental (RENAMORA) - the National Automated Network for Environmental Radiation Monitoring,which currently comprises 60 detector probes for gamma radiation which with a programmable system that includes information technologies, data transmission and software can send the information in real time to a primary center of data located in the facilities of CNSNS. - When the data are received, the system performs the verification and extraction of the information organized in Tables and charts, and generates a report of environmental gamma radiation dose rate average for each of the probes and for each period of time determined bu CNSNS. The RENAMORA covers the main cities and allows to establish the bases of almost the entire country, as well as to warn about abnormal situations caused by incidents or natural events generated by human activities inside or outside the country which involves radioactive materials; paying special attention to main radiological sites, such as the surroundings of the Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Plants, research centers and the radioactive waste disposal sites

  2. An automatic identification and monitoring system for coral reef fish

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilder, Joseph; Tonde, Chetan; Sundar, Ganesh; Huang, Ning; Barinov, Lev; Baxi, Jigesh; Bibby, James; Rapport, Andrew; Pavoni, Edward; Tsang, Serena; Garcia, Eri; Mateo, Felix; Lubansky, Tanya M.; Russell, Gareth J.

    2012-10-01

    To help gauge the health of coral reef ecosystems, we developed a prototype of an underwater camera module to automatically census reef fish populations. Recognition challenges include pose and lighting variations, complicated backgrounds, within-species color variations and within-family similarities among species. An open frame holds two cameras, LED lights, and two `background' panels in an L-shaped configuration. High-resolution cameras send sequences of 300 synchronized image pairs at 10 fps to an on-shore PC. Approximately 200 sequences containing fish were recorded at the New York Aquarium's Glover's Reef exhibit. These contained eight `common' species with 85-672 images, and eight `rare' species with 5-27 images that were grouped into an `unknown/rare' category for classification. Image pre-processing included background modeling and subtraction, and tracking of fish across frames for depth estimation, pose correction, scaling, and disambiguation of overlapping fish. Shape features were obtained from PCA analysis of perimeter points, color features from opponent color histograms, and `banding' features from DCT of vertical projections. Images were classified to species using feedforward neural networks arranged in a three-level hierarchy in which errors remaining after each level are targeted by networks in the level below. Networks were trained and tested on independent image sets. Overall accuracy of species-specific identifications typically exceeded 96% across multiple training runs. A seaworthy version of our system will allow for population censuses with high temporal resolution, and therefore improved statistical power to detect trends. A network of such devices could provide an `early warning system' for coral ecosystem collapse.

  3. GPS AUTOMATIC MONITORING SYSTEM FOR OUTSIDE DEFORMATION OF GEHEYAN DAM ON THE QINGJIANG RIVER

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    In this paper, the background of developing GPS Automatic Monitoring System for outside deformation of Geheyan Dam is described concisely. The framework, precision and features of the system are stated in detail. Finally, the prospective application of the system is introduced.

  4. Multi-level Bayesian safety analysis with unprocessed Automatic Vehicle Identification data for an urban expressway.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shi, Qi; Abdel-Aty, Mohamed; Yu, Rongjie

    2016-03-01

    In traffic safety studies, crash frequency modeling of total crashes is the cornerstone before proceeding to more detailed safety evaluation. The relationship between crash occurrence and factors such as traffic flow and roadway geometric characteristics has been extensively explored for a better understanding of crash mechanisms. In this study, a multi-level Bayesian framework has been developed in an effort to identify the crash contributing factors on an urban expressway in the Central Florida area. Two types of traffic data from the Automatic Vehicle Identification system, which are the processed data capped at speed limit and the unprocessed data retaining the original speed were incorporated in the analysis along with road geometric information. The model framework was proposed to account for the hierarchical data structure and the heterogeneity among the traffic and roadway geometric data. Multi-level and random parameters models were constructed and compared with the Negative Binomial model under the Bayesian inference framework. Results showed that the unprocessed traffic data was superior. Both multi-level models and random parameters models outperformed the Negative Binomial model and the models with random parameters achieved the best model fitting. The contributing factors identified imply that on the urban expressway lower speed and higher speed variation could significantly increase the crash likelihood. Other geometric factors were significant including auxiliary lanes and horizontal curvature. PMID:26722989

  5. Multi-level Bayesian safety analysis with unprocessed Automatic Vehicle Identification data for an urban expressway.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shi, Qi; Abdel-Aty, Mohamed; Yu, Rongjie

    2016-03-01

    In traffic safety studies, crash frequency modeling of total crashes is the cornerstone before proceeding to more detailed safety evaluation. The relationship between crash occurrence and factors such as traffic flow and roadway geometric characteristics has been extensively explored for a better understanding of crash mechanisms. In this study, a multi-level Bayesian framework has been developed in an effort to identify the crash contributing factors on an urban expressway in the Central Florida area. Two types of traffic data from the Automatic Vehicle Identification system, which are the processed data capped at speed limit and the unprocessed data retaining the original speed were incorporated in the analysis along with road geometric information. The model framework was proposed to account for the hierarchical data structure and the heterogeneity among the traffic and roadway geometric data. Multi-level and random parameters models were constructed and compared with the Negative Binomial model under the Bayesian inference framework. Results showed that the unprocessed traffic data was superior. Both multi-level models and random parameters models outperformed the Negative Binomial model and the models with random parameters achieved the best model fitting. The contributing factors identified imply that on the urban expressway lower speed and higher speed variation could significantly increase the crash likelihood. Other geometric factors were significant including auxiliary lanes and horizontal curvature.

  6. Automatic Parameter Tuning for the Morpheus Vehicle Using Particle Swarm Optimization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Birge, B.

    2013-01-01

    A high fidelity simulation using a PC based Trick framework has been developed for Johnson Space Center's Morpheus test bed flight vehicle. There is an iterative development loop of refining and testing the hardware, refining the software, comparing the software simulation to hardware performance and adjusting either or both the hardware and the simulation to extract the best performance from the hardware as well as the most realistic representation of the hardware from the software. A Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) based technique has been developed that increases speed and accuracy of the iterative development cycle. Parameters in software can be automatically tuned to make the simulation match real world subsystem data from test flights. Special considerations for scale, linearity, discontinuities, can be all but ignored with this technique, allowing fast turnaround both for simulation tune up to match hardware changes as well as during the test and validation phase to help identify hardware issues. Software models with insufficient control authority to match hardware test data can be immediately identified and using this technique requires very little to no specialized knowledge of optimization, freeing model developers to concentrate on spacecraft engineering. Integration of the PSO into the Morpheus development cycle will be discussed as well as a case study highlighting the tool's effectiveness.

  7. A fully automatic wildlife acoustic monitor and survey system

    OpenAIRE

    Boucher, Neil; Jinnai, Michihiro; Smolders, Andrew

    2012-01-01

    International audience We describe a fully automated, PC based wildlife monitoring and survey system that is used for diverse species studies. The system uses a wide-area recorder that can record over areas of up to several square kilometres. The recorder can run, unattended for more than a month. The recordings can either be analysed in real time to produce a particular response (e.g. send an SMS if a rare parrot is detected), or can be analysed later on a PC. Any number of different spec...

  8. Unmanned Aerial Vehicles for Alien Plant Species Detection and Monitoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dvořák, P.; Müllerová, J.; Bartaloš, T.; Brůna, J.

    2015-08-01

    Invasive species spread rapidly and their eradication is difficult. New methods enabling fast and efficient monitoring are urgently needed for their successful control. Remote sensing can improve early detection of invading plants and make their management more efficient and less expensive. In an ongoing project in the Czech Republic, we aim at developing innovative methods of mapping invasive plant species (semi-automatic detection algorithms) by using purposely designed unmanned aircraft (UAV). We examine possibilities for detection of two tree and two herb invasive species. Our aim is to establish fast, repeatable and efficient computer-assisted method of timely monitoring, reducing the costs of extensive field campaigns. For finding the best detection algorithm we test various classification approaches (object-, pixel-based and hybrid). Thanks to its flexibility and low cost, UAV enables assessing the effect of phenological stage and spatial resolution, and is most suitable for monitoring the efficiency of eradication efforts. However, several challenges exist in UAV application, such as geometrical and radiometric distortions, high amount of data to be processed and legal constrains for the UAV flight missions over urban areas (often highly invaded). The newly proposed UAV approach shall serve invasive species researchers, management practitioners and policy makers.

  9. UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLES FOR ALIEN PLANT SPECIES DETECTION AND MONITORING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Dvořák

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Invasive species spread rapidly and their eradication is difficult. New methods enabling fast and efficient monitoring are urgently needed for their successful control. Remote sensing can improve early detection of invading plants and make their management more efficient and less expensive. In an ongoing project in the Czech Republic, we aim at developing innovative methods of mapping invasive plant species (semi-automatic detection algorithms by using purposely designed unmanned aircraft (UAV. We examine possibilities for detection of two tree and two herb invasive species. Our aim is to establish fast, repeatable and efficient computer-assisted method of timely monitoring, reducing the costs of extensive field campaigns. For finding the best detection algorithm we test various classification approaches (object-, pixel-based and hybrid. Thanks to its flexibility and low cost, UAV enables assessing the effect of phenological stage and spatial resolution, and is most suitable for monitoring the efficiency of eradication efforts. However, several challenges exist in UAV application, such as geometrical and radiometric distortions, high amount of data to be processed and legal constrains for the UAV flight missions over urban areas (often highly invaded. The newly proposed UAV approach shall serve invasive species researchers, management practitioners and policy makers.

  10. Monitoring and Control of the Automated Transfer Vehicle

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hugonnet, C.; D'Hoine, S.

    The objective of this paper is to present succinctly the architecture of the heart of the ATV Control Centre: the Monitoring and Control developed by CS for the French Space Agency (CNES) and the European Space Agency (ESA). At the moment, the Monitoring and Control is in the development phase, a first real time version will be delivered to CNES in July 2003, then a second version will be delivered in October including off line capabilities. The following paper introduces the high level specifications and the main driving performance criteria of the monitoring and control system in order to successfully operate these complex ATV space vehicles from the first flight planned in 2004. It presents the approach taken by CS and CNES in order to meet this challenge in a very short time. ATV-CC Monitoring and Control system is based on the reuse of flight proven components that are integrated in a software bus based architecture. The paper particularly shows the advantages of using new computer technologies in operational system: use of Object Oriented technologies from specification, design (UML) to development (C++, Java, PLSQL), use of a CORBA Object Request Broker for the exchange of messages and some centralised services, use of Java for the development of an ergonomic and standardised (for all functions of the M&C) Graphical User Interface and the extensive use of XML for data exchanges.

  11. The automatic radiation monitor distributed System SRM-256C

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Controlled and Supervised Areas (CSA) of UNK proton accelerator built in Protvino (IHEP, Russia), borrows the significant area (more than 15 sq.km). Submitted in work results of accounts show, that by major factors, influencing to a radioecological conditions in region at the expense of work UNK are: 1) the output of pulsing radiation on day-time surface; 2) the radionuclides receipts with drinking water; 3) the pollution of radioactive air from system of ventilation. At normal mode of UNK operation the equivalent dose rates on daytime surface of pulsing radiation will changes in limits from 0.5 mcSv/hours near overmines buildings up to 0.1 mcSv / hour on the CSA border. The average equivalent dose rates per year due to internal irradiation at use (intakes) of drinking water will not exceed 5 - 50 mcSv/years. The Maximum equivalent dose rates on day-time surface, caused by pollution of radioactive air does not exceed 0.01... 0.03 mcSv/hour in limits of CSA, and the average equivalent dose per year caused by internal irradiation does not exceed 0.05 mcSv/years. At emergency-free operation the maximum degree of the UNK influence in limits of CSA is estimated in terms of average equivalent dose per year at levels, not exceeding 0.05... 0.10 mSv/year. For maintenance of integral environmental monitoring of total external radiation levels in limits of CSA network of passive monitor stations will be developed

  12. Detection of engineering vehicles in high-resolution monitoring images

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xun LIU; Yin ZHANG; San-yuan ZHANG; Ying WANG; Zhong-yan LIANG; Xiu-zi YE

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents a novel formulation for detecting objects with articulated rigid bodies from high-resolution monitoring images, particularly engineering vehicles. There are many pixels in high-resolution monitoring images, and most of them represent the background. Our method fi rst detects object patches from monitoring images using a coarse detection process. In this phase, we build a descriptor based on histograms of oriented gradient, which contain color frequency information. Then we use a linear support vector machine to rapidly detect many image patches that may contain object parts, with a low false negative rate and a high false positive rate. In the second phase, we apply a refi nement classifi cation to determine the patches that actually contain objects. In this stage, we increase the size of the image patches so that they include the complete object using models of the object parts. Then an accelerated and improved salient mask is used to improve the performance of the dense scale-invariant feature transform descriptor. The detection process returns the absolute position of positive objects in the original images. We have applied our methods to three datasets to demonstrate their effectiveness.

  13. RendezVous sensor for automatic guidance of transfer vehicles to ISS concept of the operational modes depending on actual optical and geometrical-dynamical conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moebius, Bettina G.; Kolk, Karl-Hermann

    2000-10-01

    Based on an ATV RendezVous Predevelopment Program initiated by ESTEC, an automatically operating Rendez Vous Sensor has been developed. The sensor--a Scanning Tele-Goniometer--shall guide docking and retreat of the European Automatic Transfer Vehicle as well as berthing and retreat of the Japanese H-II Transfer Vehicle. The sensor performance will be strongly connected with the properties of cooperative targets, consisting of an arrangement of retro reflectors mounted on ISS each.

  14. The Role of Automatic Radiation Monitoring in Control of Illicit Trafficking of Radioactive Materials in Slovenia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Automatic radiation monitoring in Slovenia comprises monitoring of external gamma radiation, aerosol radioactivity, radon progeny concentration, and radioactive deposition measurements. The officer on duty has an important part in assuring proper and undisturbed functioning of our automatic radiation monitoring. He is the one who gets the first alert message on radiation levels when exceeded pre-set values in the territory of Slovenia. Together with continuous control over the functioning of automatic radiation monitoring, the officer on duty has been also assigned for receiving messages from users, who carry the 'Radiation pager' (it is a trade mark for Sensor Technology Engineering, inc. from USA). All valuable experiences of the officer on duty who has been accepting reports from customs officers, police officers, from Slovenian radiation and nuclear safety inspectors, are described in this article. The officer on duty with his new role contributes to prevention of the illicit trafficking and inadvertent movement of radioactive materials over the territory of Slovenia. In the last year there where many different causes of emergency calls: from many cases of patient after radioisotopes medical treatment to serious rejected shipment with exceeded radiation. This is only a beginning of responsible task how to introduce and assure the control of the inadvertent movement of radioactive materials in Slovenia. (author)

  15. Automatic identification of agricultural terraces through object-oriented analysis of very high resolution DSMs and multispectral imagery obtained from an unmanned aerial vehicle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diaz-Varela, R A; Zarco-Tejada, P J; Angileri, V; Loudjani, P

    2014-02-15

    Agricultural terraces are features that provide a number of ecosystem services. As a result, their maintenance is supported by measures established by the European Common Agricultural Policy (CAP). In the framework of CAP implementation and monitoring, there is a current and future need for the development of robust, repeatable and cost-effective methodologies for the automatic identification and monitoring of these features at farm scale. This is a complex task, particularly when terraces are associated to complex vegetation cover patterns, as happens with permanent crops (e.g. olive trees). In this study we present a novel methodology for automatic and cost-efficient identification of terraces using only imagery from commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) cameras on board unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). Using state-of-the-art computer vision techniques, we generated orthoimagery and digital surface models (DSMs) at 11 cm spatial resolution with low user intervention. In a second stage, these data were used to identify terraces using a multi-scale object-oriented classification method. Results show the potential of this method even in highly complex agricultural areas, both regarding DSM reconstruction and image classification. The UAV-derived DSM had a root mean square error (RMSE) lower than 0.5 m when the height of the terraces was assessed against field GPS data. The subsequent automated terrace classification yielded an overall accuracy of 90% based exclusively on spectral and elevation data derived from the UAV imagery.

  16. Automatic identification of agricultural terraces through object-oriented analysis of very high resolution DSMs and multispectral imagery obtained from an unmanned aerial vehicle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diaz-Varela, R A; Zarco-Tejada, P J; Angileri, V; Loudjani, P

    2014-02-15

    Agricultural terraces are features that provide a number of ecosystem services. As a result, their maintenance is supported by measures established by the European Common Agricultural Policy (CAP). In the framework of CAP implementation and monitoring, there is a current and future need for the development of robust, repeatable and cost-effective methodologies for the automatic identification and monitoring of these features at farm scale. This is a complex task, particularly when terraces are associated to complex vegetation cover patterns, as happens with permanent crops (e.g. olive trees). In this study we present a novel methodology for automatic and cost-efficient identification of terraces using only imagery from commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) cameras on board unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). Using state-of-the-art computer vision techniques, we generated orthoimagery and digital surface models (DSMs) at 11 cm spatial resolution with low user intervention. In a second stage, these data were used to identify terraces using a multi-scale object-oriented classification method. Results show the potential of this method even in highly complex agricultural areas, both regarding DSM reconstruction and image classification. The UAV-derived DSM had a root mean square error (RMSE) lower than 0.5 m when the height of the terraces was assessed against field GPS data. The subsequent automated terrace classification yielded an overall accuracy of 90% based exclusively on spectral and elevation data derived from the UAV imagery. PMID:24473345

  17. AUTOMATIC GEODETIC MONITORING SOLUTIONS EARLY WARNING SYSTEMS FOR STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING RISK'S MANAGEMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Cranenbroeck, Joël

    2008-01-01

    Since the prestigious optical theodolite Wild T3, Leica Geosystems AG Heerbrugg, has continually innovated in the high accurate geodetic instrumentation for the monitoring of the large civilian engineering structure. Mixing up single and multi-frequency, multi-constellation GNSS receivers and Automatic Total Stations as well as with the most precise inclinometers in its software suites GNSS Spider, GNSS QC and GeoMoS, Leica Geosystems is delivering solutions worldwide for all large engineerin...

  18. THE PROBLEM OF MONITORING AND BALANCING OF VEHICLE BATTERIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aleksandr Inshakov

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The use of electrochemical energy storage units is becoming more common, and they are subject to new requirements for increasing the time of electrical supply for power equipment. In some cases, batteries serve as the main electric power unit working under reserved electric load and on the electric drive of the vehicle. The article discusses the features of using batteries as a part of electrical equipment for the agricultural vehicles. When creating high-capicity batteries trhrough connecting some batteries in series and parallel circuits, there are a number of features caused by variations of the parameters of the elements. Materials and Methods The object of research is methods of monitoring and balancing touch batteries are connected in series and there is no possibility or desirability of their disconnection for individual balancing. In the development of methods and devices used in general engineering approaches to the development of technical devices. Results It is necessary to find the causes affecting the energy characteristics and service life of the battery to increase it. During research we have found a need for monitoring and control of battery status, which allow solving the problems of divergence of containers, the internal resistance and leakage of individual batteries. Temperature of the battery is an important indicator to control it. Balancing the battery system and monitoring systems are needed to provide a uniform charge of individual cells, regardless of the variation parameters. Discussion and Conclusions There are different variants of balancing systems, each of which has its own advantages and disadvantages. The article gives examples of the construction of five alignment sys¬tems stress on the individual cells of the battery. The criteria for selection for the current passive balancing method using shunt resistors, and are a diagram of an improved pas¬sive way of balancing. Considered and the basic advantages and

  19. Automatic calculation sheet on internal effective dose evaluation with environmental radiation monitoring results

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to compare the internal effective dose evaluation in past and present, an automatic calculation sheet was developed using the parameters such as the dose conversion factors and intake of foods etc. in ICRP Pub.60, Pub72, the new 'Environmental Radiation Monitoring Guide' revised on March 29, 2001. It makes possible to sum up monitoring data in each year, to evaluate dose and to compare them to the past data. The equation, parameters of ingestion and inhalation, nuclides detected, subject nuclides, dose conversion factor of committed dose equivalent by ingestion and inhalation, fundamental principles, limits, model, monitoring results, calculation for estimation and valuation and discussion are described. This article must be handled with the utmost care on parameters, model, ND of monitoring results. (S.Y.)

  20. Automatic Vehicle Detection during Nighttime Using Bright Pixel Segment with Spatial Temporal Technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.Nandhini

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper proposes an effective Traffic surveillance system for detecting and tracking moving vehicles in nighttime traffic. It identifies vehicles by detecting and locating vehicle headlights and taillights using image segmentation and pattern analysis technique. By preprocessing noise is removed using median filter. Morphological operation is used to extract candidate headlight objects and then perform shape analysis. Template matching or pattern classification to find the paired headlight of moving vehicles. Salient points are used to represent local properties of image classification. It carries information about image content. Gabor derivation is used for edge detection and feature extraction.

  1. Investigation of Matlab® as Platform in Navigation and Control of an Automatic Guided Vehicle Utilising an Omnivision Sensor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ben Kotze

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Automatic Guided Vehicles (AGVs are navigated utilising multiple types of sensors for detecting the environment. In this investigation such sensors are replaced and/or minimized by the use of a single omnidirectional camera picture stream. An area of interest is extracted, and by using image processing the vehicle is navigated on a set path. Reconfigurability is added to the route layout by signs incorporated in the navigation process. The result is the possible manipulation of a number of AGVs, each on its own designated colour-signed path. This route is reconfigurable by the operator with no programming alteration or intervention. A low resolution camera and a Matlab® software development platform are utilised. The use of Matlab® lends itself to speedy evaluation and implementation of image processing options on the AGV, but its functioning in such an environment needs to be assessed.

  2. Investigation of Matlab® as platform in navigation and control of an Automatic Guided Vehicle utilising an omnivision sensor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kotze, Ben; Jordaan, Gerrit

    2014-08-25

    Automatic Guided Vehicles (AGVs) are navigated utilising multiple types of sensors for detecting the environment. In this investigation such sensors are replaced and/or minimized by the use of a single omnidirectional camera picture stream. An area of interest is extracted, and by using image processing the vehicle is navigated on a set path. Reconfigurability is added to the route layout by signs incorporated in the navigation process. The result is the possible manipulation of a number of AGVs, each on its own designated colour-signed path. This route is reconfigurable by the operator with no programming alteration or intervention. A low resolution camera and a Matlab® software development platform are utilised. The use of Matlab® lends itself to speedy evaluation and implementation of image processing options on the AGV, but its functioning in such an environment needs to be assessed.

  3. RendezVous sensor for automatic guidance of transfer vehicles to the International Space Station

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kolk, Karl-Hermann; Moebius, Bettina G.

    2000-10-01

    Based on a Predevelopment Program, initiated by the European Space Agency, an automatically operating RendezVous Sensor (RVS) is currently developed. This paper describes in more detail the RVS concept emphasizing the electro-optical elements of the sensor.

  4. Lane Detection in Video-Based Intelligent Transportation Monitoring via Fast Extracting and Clustering of Vehicle Motion Trajectories

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jianqiang Ren

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Lane detection is a crucial process in video-based transportation monitoring system. This paper proposes a novel method to detect the lane center via rapid extraction and high accuracy clustering of vehicle motion trajectories. First, we use the activity map to realize automatically the extraction of road region, the calibration of dynamic camera, and the setting of three virtual detecting lines. Secondly, the three virtual detecting lines and a local background model with traffic flow feedback are used to extract and group vehicle feature points in unit of vehicle. Then, the feature point groups are described accurately by edge weighted dynamic graph and modified by a motion-similarity Kalman filter during the sparse feature point tracking. After obtaining the vehicle trajectories, a rough k-means incremental clustering with Hausdorff distance is designed to realize the rapid online extraction of lane center with high accuracy. The use of rough set reduces effectively the accuracy decrease, which results from the trajectories that run irregularly. Experimental results prove that the proposed method can detect lane center position efficiently, the affected time of subsequent tasks can be reduced obviously, and the safety of traffic surveillance systems can be enhanced significantly.

  5. FishCam - A semi-automatic video-based monitoring system of fish migration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kratzert, Frederik; Mader, Helmut

    2016-04-01

    One of the main objectives of the Water Framework Directive is to preserve and restore the continuum of river networks. Regarding vertebrate migration, fish passes are widely used measure to overcome anthropogenic constructions. Functionality of this measure needs to be verified by monitoring. In this study we propose a newly developed monitoring system, named FishCam, to observe fish migration especially in fish passes without contact and without imposing stress on fish. To avoid time and cost consuming field work for fish pass monitoring, this project aims to develop a semi-automatic monitoring system that enables a continuous observation of fish migration. The system consists of a detection tunnel and a high resolution camera, which is mainly based on the technology of security cameras. If changes in the image, e.g. by migrating fish or drifting particles, are detected by a motion sensor, the camera system starts recording and continues until no further motion is detectable. An ongoing key challenge in this project is the development of robust software, which counts, measures and classifies the passing fish. To achieve this goal, many different computer vision tasks and classification steps have to be combined. Moving objects have to be detected and separated from the static part of the image, objects have to be tracked throughout the entire video and fish have to be separated from non-fish objects (e.g. foliage and woody debris, shadows and light reflections). Subsequently, the length of all detected fish needs to be determined and fish should be classified into species. The object classification in fish and non-fish objects is realized through ensembles of state-of-the-art classifiers on a single image per object. The choice of the best image for classification is implemented through a newly developed "fish benchmark" value. This value compares the actual shape of the object with a schematic model of side-specific fish. To enable an automatization of the

  6. Parameter design and performance analysis of shift actuator for a two-speed automatic mechanical transmission for pure electric vehicles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jianjun Hu

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Recent developments of pure electric vehicles have shown that pure electric vehicles equipped with two-speed or multi-speed gearbox possess higher energy efficiency by ensuring the drive motor operates at its peak performance range. This article presents the design, analysis, and control of a two-speed automatic mechanical transmission for pure electric vehicles. The shift actuator is based on a motor-controlled camshaft where a special geometric groove is machined, and the camshaft realizes the axial positions of the synchronizer sleeve for gear engaging, disengaging, and speed control of the drive motor. Based on the force analysis of shift process, the parameters of shift actuator and shift motor are designed. The drive motor’s torque control strategy before shifting, speed governing control strategy before engaging, shift actuator’s control strategy during gear engaging, and drive motor’s torque recovery strategy after shift process are proposed and implemented with a prototype. To validate the performance of the two-speed gearbox, a test bed was developed based on dSPACE that emulates various operation conditions. The experimental results indicate that the shift process with the proposed shift actuator and control strategy could be accomplished within 1 s under various operation conditions, with shift smoothness up to passenger car standard.

  7. Design and development of an integrated Environmental Radiation Monitor - Automatic Weather Station (ERM-AWS)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Online monitoring of atmospheric gamma radiation and meteorological parameters is an important and useful input for handling any radiation emergency. Radiological Safety Systems Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre has been developing wide variety of radiation detectors, with continuous improvements based on the advancement in technology and user's requirements. BARC and ISRO (Indian Space Research Organization) under a collaborative program designed and integrated Environmental Radiation Monitor (ERM, developed under IERMON program by BARC) with Automatic Weather Station (AWS, developed by ISRO), as a single stand-alone ERM-AWS system. The system operates with solar powered battery backup and the data transmission is via satellite. ERM-AWS units have been produced and installed at few DAE and non-DAE facilities. A dedicated stand-alone satellite Earth Station has also been established at CTCRS, Anushaktinagar, Mumbai, to receive the data transmitted from ERM-AWS system. (author)

  8. Monitor automatic gauge control strategy with a Smith predictor for steel strip rolling

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    The simplified transfer function diagram block for a monitor automatic gauge control (Mon-AGC) system of strip steel rolling process was investigated.The new notion of strip sample length was given.In this way,the delay time varying with the rolling speed was evaded.After a Smith predictor was used to monitor the AGC system,the control laws were deduced for both proportional and integral regulators.The control strategies showed that by choosing the controller parameter P=∞ for both control algorithms each regulator could compensate the whole strip gage error in the first control step.The result shows that the integral algorithm is more controllable for the system regulating process and has a better steady-state precision than the proportional regulator.Compared with the traditional control strategy,the new control laws have a faster response speed and a higher steady-state precision.

  9. Design and construction of an automatic system for minimizing the risk of sinking of water vehicle

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sutradhar, Amit; Rashid, Md. Mahbubur; Helal-An-Nahiyan, Md.; Mandal, Manash Kumar

    2016-07-01

    This paper focuses on the reduction of the risk of water vehicle like launch, ferry, ship and boat from sinking which is a burning problem of Bangladesh now-a-days. Every year death toll is rising by leaps and bounds due to this unexpected phenomenon. The sinking mostly occurs due to overloading and lack of consciousness. That's why, an automated system is introduced here to make the travelers warned about the overloading situation through raising alarm before the vehicle starts to move on. The tolerance limit of the vehicle is determined based on the theory of buoyancy and floatation. Moreover, while moving on the water, the vehicle may get victim of sinking due to rough weather, low visibility or machineries breakdown. So water level indicator is used to determine the safe level of water. When water level rises up to the safe limit or just before crossing the safe limit, another alarm will warn the passengers which will sound quite different from the first alarm as stated before. And at once the on board GPS sensor will record the current position of the vehicle and transmit the location to the nearest rescue authority via GSM module in the form of text message which will help them to take necessary steps for the rescue of the passengers as soon as possible. Effective implementation of this method can reduce the accident as well as this research can also be a helpful tool to organize further researches in this field for the sake of humanity.

  10. Automatic Crack Detection and Classification Method for Subway Tunnel Safety Monitoring

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wenyu Zhang

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Cracks are an important indicator reflecting the safety status of infrastructures. This paper presents an automatic crack detection and classification methodology for subway tunnel safety monitoring. With the application of high-speed complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS industrial cameras, the tunnel surface can be captured and stored in digital images. In a next step, the local dark regions with potential crack defects are segmented from the original gray-scale images by utilizing morphological image processing techniques and thresholding operations. In the feature extraction process, we present a distance histogram based shape descriptor that effectively describes the spatial shape difference between cracks and other irrelevant objects. Along with other features, the classification results successfully remove over 90% misidentified objects. Also, compared with the original gray-scale images, over 90% of the crack length is preserved in the last output binary images. The proposed approach was tested on the safety monitoring for Beijing Subway Line 1. The experimental results revealed the rules of parameter settings and also proved that the proposed approach is effective and efficient for automatic crack detection and classification.

  11. 农业机械自动导航技术研究进展%Review of research on automatic guidance of agricultural vehicles

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡静涛; 高雷; 白晓平; 李逃昌; 刘晓光

    2015-01-01

    some forecasts are made on the trends of the agriculture vehicle automatic guidance. Generally, a modern agriculture vehicle automatic guidance system consists of 4 units: A detecting unit that measures the position and orientation of the vehicle; a control unit, as the core of the guidance system, which makes the plan of the path and carries out the path tracking; an executing unit that makes the turn of the wheels according to the command of the control unit; and a monitoring unit, or a field computer as it is called generally, which works as the interface between human and machine. There are 2 main problems to be solved in the agriculture vehicle guidance system. The first one is the measurement of the agriculture vehicle’s working conditions, such as its position, heading, speed and wheel angle, among which the most important is the position measurement. There are 2 kinds of position measurement methods: One is the relative method, such as measuring the vehicle’s position relative to a guidance baseline based on machine vision; the other is the absolute method, such as measuring the vehicle’s absolute position on the earth based on the Global Navigation Satellite System. As the agriculture vehicle automatic guidance system is working in the field, the complicated and non-structured environment makes none of the measurement methods working well all the time. So the multi-sensor data fusion is brought into sharp focus by researchers. By combining measuring data from different sensors with some data fusing methods, such as Kalman filter, particle filter, H∞ filter, and intelligent methods, the measurement accuracy is improved. The integrated navigation systems are mainly GPS/INS, GPS/DR and INS/CNS. The second problem is agriculture modeling and path tracking control methods. Most of the path tracking control algorithms use kinematics models. The two-wheel model is the most frequently used model, in which an agriculture vehicle is regarded as a two

  12. 基于RFID的车辆自动化智能管理系统研究%Research of vehicle automatic management system based on RFID

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张丽然; 沈胜利

    2012-01-01

    In order to solve the current residential parking problem,the residential vehicle automatic management system is designed based on ETC technology. With the analysis of the actual demand, the system includes three parts: vehicle out and in management, vehicle positioning management and vehicle parking management. The vehicle out and in management system could identify and confirm the vehicles going into the community automatically; vehicle positioning management system is responsible for tracking and positioning the vehicle in the community; vehicle parking management system would assign and unlock the parking space for the vehicle automatically. After practices, it proves that the system has good performance and practical value.%基于解决当前小区停车难问题的目的,采用ETC电子不停车收费相关技术,设计了小区车辆自动化管理系统;通过对实际需求的分析,所设计的系统主要包括3个部分:车辆出入管理、定位管理以及停车管理。其中,车辆出入管理系统对进入的车辆进行身份的自动识别和确认;车辆定位管理系统负责对在小区申行驶的车辆进行追踪定位;车辆停车管理系统则为进入的车辆自动分配车住和开启车位锁。经过实践的证明,本系统性能良好,具有较好的实用价值。

  13. Behaviour recognition of ground vehicle using airborne monitoring of unmanned aerial vehicles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oh, Hyondong; Kim, Seungkeun; Shin, Hyo-Sang; Tsourdos, Antonios; White, Brian A.

    2014-12-01

    This paper proposes a behaviour recognition methodology for ground vehicles moving within road traffic using unmanned aerial vehicles in order to identify suspicious or abnormal behaviour. With the target information acquired by unmanned aerial vehicles and estimated by filtering techniques, ground vehicle behaviour is first classified into representative driving modes, and then a string pattern matching theory is applied to detect suspicious behaviours in the driving mode history. Furthermore, a fuzzy decision-making process is developed to systematically exploit all available information obtained from a complex environment and confirm the characteristic of behaviour, while considering spatiotemporal environment factors as well as several aspects of behaviours. To verify the feasibility and benefits of the proposed approach, numerical simulations on moving ground vehicles are performed using realistic car trajectory data from an off-the-shelf traffic simulation software.

  14. Automatic control system of the radiometric system for inspection of large-scale vehicles and cargoes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The automatic control system (ACS) is intended to control the equipment of the radiometric inspection system in the normal operating modes as well as during the preventive maintenance, maintenance/repair and adjustment works; for acquisition of the data on the status of the equipment, reliable protection of the personnel and equipment, acquisition, storage and processing of the results of operation and to ensure service maintenance.

  15. Design and Implementation of WebGIS-based GPS Vehicle Monitoring System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHENG Qimin; YANG Chongjun; SHAO Zhenfeng; LIU Donglin; GAO Liang

    2004-01-01

    This paper develops a WebGIS-based GPS vehicle monitoring system with typical three-tier application architecture of B/S pattern. It provides ordinary registered users with a valid and convenient means to get access to real-time GPS location information of certain moving vehicles at any place, and further offers a powerful tool for super users to manage user information and remotely monitor those vehicles and provide corresponding services timely if necessary. The system architecture, function modules, key technologies and application interfaces are given. Finally, the validity of our system is demonstrated in practical cases.

  16. Development of AN Open-Source Automatic Deformation Monitoring System for Geodetical and Geotechnical Measurements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engel, P.; Schweimler, B.

    2016-04-01

    The deformation monitoring of structures and buildings is an important task field of modern engineering surveying, ensuring the standing and reliability of supervised objects over a long period. Several commercial hardware and software solutions for the realization of such monitoring measurements are available on the market. In addition to them, a research team at the Neubrandenburg University of Applied Sciences (NUAS) is actively developing a software package for monitoring purposes in geodesy and geotechnics, which is distributed under an open source licence and free of charge. The task of managing an open source project is well-known in computer science, but it is fairly new in a geodetic context. This paper contributes to that issue by detailing applications, frameworks, and interfaces for the design and implementation of open hardware and software solutions for sensor control, sensor networks, and data management in automatic deformation monitoring. It will be discussed how the development effort of networked applications can be reduced by using free programming tools, cloud computing technologies, and rapid prototyping methods.

  17. Design and performance of an automatic regenerating adsorption aerosol dryer for continuous operation at monitoring sites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tuch, T. M.; Haudek, A.; Müller, T.; Nowak, A.; Wex, H.; Wiedensohler, A.

    2009-04-01

    Sizes of aerosol particles depend on the relative humidity of their carrier gas. Most monitoring networks require therefore that the aerosol is dried to a relative humidity below 50% RH to ensure comparability of measurements at different sites. Commercially available aerosol dryers are often not suitable for this purpose at remote monitoring sites. Adsorption dryers need to be regenerated frequently and maintenance-free single column Nafion dryers are not designed for high aerosol flow rates. We therefore developed an automatic regenerating adsorption aerosol dryer with a design flow rate of 1 m3/h. Particle transmission efficiency of this dryer has been determined during a 3 weeks experiment. The lower 50% cut-off was found to be below 3 nm at the design flow rate of the instrument. Measured transmission efficiencies are in good agreement with theoretical calculations. One drier has been successfully deployed in the Amazonas river basin. From this monitoring site, we present data from the first 6 months of measurements (February 2008-August 2008). Apart from one unscheduled service, this dryer did not require any maintenance during this time period. The average relative humidity of the dried aerosol was 27.1+/-7.5% RH compared to an average ambient relative humidity of nearly 80% and temperatures around 30°C. This initial deployment demonstrated that these dryers are well suitable for continuous operation at remote monitoring sites under adverse ambient conditions.

  18. Video-based respiration monitoring with automatic region of interest detection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janssen, Rik; Wang, Wenjin; Moço, Andreia; de Haan, Gerard

    2016-01-01

    Vital signs monitoring is ubiquitous in clinical environments and emerging in home-based healthcare applications. Still, since current monitoring methods require uncomfortable sensors, respiration rate remains the least measured vital sign. In this paper, we propose a video-based respiration monitoring method that automatically detects a respiratory region of interest (RoI) and signal using a camera. Based on the observation that respiration induced chest/abdomen motion is an independent motion system in a video, our basic idea is to exploit the intrinsic properties of respiration to find the respiratory RoI and extract the respiratory signal via motion factorization. We created a benchmark dataset containing 148 video sequences obtained on adults under challenging conditions and also neonates in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). The measurements obtained by the proposed video respiration monitoring (VRM) method are not significantly different from the reference methods (guided breathing or contact-based ECG; p-value  =  0.6), and explain more than 99% of the variance of the reference values with low limits of agreement (-2.67 to 2.81 bpm). VRM seems to provide a valid solution to ECG in confined motion scenarios, though precision may be reduced for neonates. More studies are needed to validate VRM under challenging recording conditions, including upper-body motion types.

  19. Video-based respiration monitoring with automatic region of interest detection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janssen, Rik; Wang, Wenjin; Moço, Andreia; de Haan, Gerard

    2016-01-01

    Vital signs monitoring is ubiquitous in clinical environments and emerging in home-based healthcare applications. Still, since current monitoring methods require uncomfortable sensors, respiration rate remains the least measured vital sign. In this paper, we propose a video-based respiration monitoring method that automatically detects a respiratory region of interest (RoI) and signal using a camera. Based on the observation that respiration induced chest/abdomen motion is an independent motion system in a video, our basic idea is to exploit the intrinsic properties of respiration to find the respiratory RoI and extract the respiratory signal via motion factorization. We created a benchmark dataset containing 148 video sequences obtained on adults under challenging conditions and also neonates in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). The measurements obtained by the proposed video respiration monitoring (VRM) method are not significantly different from the reference methods (guided breathing or contact-based ECG; p-value  =  0.6), and explain more than 99% of the variance of the reference values with low limits of agreement (-2.67 to 2.81 bpm). VRM seems to provide a valid solution to ECG in confined motion scenarios, though precision may be reduced for neonates. More studies are needed to validate VRM under challenging recording conditions, including upper-body motion types. PMID:26640970

  20. Driver head displacement during (automatic) vehicle braking tests with varying levels of distraction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rooij, L. van; Pauwelussen, J.; Camp, O.M.G.C. op den; Janssen, J.M.

    2013-01-01

    Vehicle occupant behavior in emergency driving conditions has a large effect on traffic safety. Distraction is estimated to be the cause of 15-20% of all crashes. Additionally, the posture of the occupants prior to the possibly unavoidable crash is known to have a large effect on the injury reducing

  1. Environmental monitoring based on automatic change detection from remotely sensed data: kernel-based approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shah-Hosseini, Reza; Homayouni, Saeid; Safari, Abdolreza

    2015-01-01

    In the event of a natural disaster, such as a flood or earthquake, using fast and efficient methods for estimating the extent of the damage is critical. Automatic change mapping and estimating are important in order to monitor environmental changes, e.g., deforestation. Traditional change detection (CD) approaches are time consuming, user dependent, and strongly influenced by noise and/or complex spectral classes in a region. Change maps obtained by these methods usually suffer from isolated changed pixels and have low accuracy. To deal with this, an automatic CD framework-which is based on the integration of change vector analysis (CVA) technique, kernel-based C-means clustering (KCMC), and kernel-based minimum distance (KBMD) classifier-is proposed. In parallel with the proposed algorithm, a support vector machine (SVM) CD method is presented and analyzed. In the first step, a differential image is generated via two approaches in high dimensional Hilbert space. Next, by using CVA and automatically determining a threshold, the pseudo-training samples of the change and no-change classes are extracted. These training samples are used for determining the initial value of KCMC parameters and training the SVM-based CD method. Then optimizing a cost function with the nature of geometrical and spectral similarity in the kernel space is employed in order to estimate the KCMC parameters and to select the precise training samples. These training samples are used to train the KBMD classifier. Last, the class label of each unknown pixel is determined using the KBMD classifier and SVM-based CD method. In order to evaluate the efficiency of the proposed algorithm for various remote sensing images and applications, two different datasets acquired by Quickbird and Landsat TM/ETM+ are used. The results show a good flexibility and effectiveness of this automatic CD method for environmental change monitoring. In addition, the comparative analysis of results from the proposed method

  2. A new PC based semi-automatic TLD badge reader system for personnel monitoring

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kulkarni, M.S.; Pradeep, Ratna; Kannan, S. [Radiation Protection and Instrumentation Section, Radiation Safety Systems Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai (India)

    2000-05-01

    A semi-automatic TDL (thermo-luminescence dosimeter) badge reader system has been developed for large-scale personnel monitoring of the radiation workers. The BARC (Bhabha Atomic Research Centre) TLD badge consists of three dosimeters of CaSO{sub 4}: Dy embedded in Teflon, each of 0.8mm/0.4mm thickness and 13mm diameter. 50 such TLD badges loaded in a magazine are automatically processed one by one using a motor driven mechanical assembly. Except for the entry of identification numbers in the same sequence in which the badges are loaded in the magazine, the entire process is automatic. All the front-end functions in the reader assembly are controlled by an Atmel 89C51 microcontroller on command from a Personal Computer through an RS-232 serial interface. A hot gas (N{sub 2}) heating system with electronic temperature control is used for rapid and uniform heating of the dosimeters. The glow curve and temperature profile of TL dosimeter is displayed on-line on a PC monitor and stored in the memory along with the badge data at the end of each reading cycle. The other features of the reader system are reproducible time temperature profile of hot gas, software based dark current sampling and subtraction, auto ranging, built-in safeguards in both hardware and software against mechanical and electronic failures, etc. To enable a wide range of measurement with high sensitivity to lower levels of TL, the EHT is automatically switched to a lower value when high TL output is encountered. The software is developed in to two parts. The first one consists of a ROM based assembly language software for the 89C51 microcontroller, which monitors various, circuits in the reader assembly and controls the motorized movements. The second part is a password protected user friendly, menu driven software package written in 'C' language for the reader control, on-line glow curve display and storage, dose data management record keeping and printout of dose reports, etc. Elaborate

  3. Automatic braking system modification for the Advanced Transport Operating Systems (ATOPS) Transportation Systems Research Vehicle (TSRV)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coogan, J. J.

    1986-01-01

    Modifications were designed for the B-737-100 Research Aircraft autobrake system hardware of the Advanced Transport Operating Systems (ATOPS) Program at Langley Research Center. These modifications will allow the on-board flight control computer to control the aircraft deceleration after landing to a continuously variable level for the purpose of executing automatic high speed turn-offs from the runway. A bread board version of the proposed modifications was built and tested in simulated stopping conditions. Test results, for various aircraft weights, turnoff speed, winds, and runway conditions show that the turnoff speeds are achieved generally with errors less than 1 ft/sec.

  4. Automatic liver tumor segmentation on computed tomography for patient treatment planning and monitoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moghbel, Mehrdad; Mashohor, Syamsiah; Mahmud, Rozi; Saripan, M. Iqbal Bin

    2016-01-01

    Segmentation of liver tumors from Computed Tomography (CT) and tumor burden analysis play an important role in the choice of therapeutic strategies for liver diseases and treatment monitoring. In this paper, a new segmentation method for liver tumors from contrast-enhanced CT imaging is proposed. As manual segmentation of tumors for liver treatment planning is both labor intensive and time-consuming, a highly accurate automatic tumor segmentation is desired. The proposed framework is fully automatic requiring no user interaction. The proposed segmentation evaluated on real-world clinical data from patients is based on a hybrid method integrating cuckoo optimization and fuzzy c-means algorithm with random walkers algorithm. The accuracy of the proposed method was validated using a clinical liver dataset containing one of the highest numbers of tumors utilized for liver tumor segmentation containing 127 tumors in total with further validation of the results by a consultant radiologist. The proposed method was able to achieve one of the highest accuracies reported in the literature for liver tumor segmentation compared to other segmentation methods with a mean overlap error of 22.78 % and dice similarity coefficient of 0.75 in 3Dircadb dataset and a mean overlap error of 15.61 % and dice similarity coefficient of 0.81 in MIDAS dataset. The proposed method was able to outperform most other tumor segmentation methods reported in the literature while representing an overlap error improvement of 6 % compared to one of the best performing automatic methods in the literature. The proposed framework was able to provide consistently accurate results considering the number of tumors and the variations in tumor contrast enhancements and tumor appearances while the tumor burden was estimated with a mean error of 0.84 % in 3Dircadb dataset. PMID:27540353

  5. BY USING BLUETOOTH TECHNOLOGY AUTOMATIC VEHICLE ACCIDENT DETECTION & LOCALIZATION OF AUTOMOBILE

    OpenAIRE

    Nitin Thakre; Nitin Raut; Shyam Dubey; Abdulla Shaikh

    2014-01-01

    Traffic accidents are one of the leading causes of fatalities in the world. An important indicator of survival rates after an accident is the time between the accident and when emergency medical personnel are dispatched to the location. Eliminating the time between when an accident occurs and when first responders are dispatched to the location decreases mortality rates by 6%. We propose an Android based application that location of the vehicle through an positive detectio...

  6. An automatic water body area monitoring algorithm for satellite images based on Markov Random Fields

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elmi, Omid; Tourian, Mohammad J.; Sneeuw, Nico

    2016-04-01

    Our knowledge about spatial and temporal variation of hydrological parameters are surprisingly poor, because most of it is based on in situ stations and the number of stations have reduced dramatically during the past decades. On the other hand, remote sensing techniques have proven their ability to measure different parameters of Earth phenomena. Optical and SAR satellite imagery provide the opportunity to monitor the spatial change in coastline, which can serve as a way to determine the water extent repeatedly in an appropriate time interval. An appropriate classification technique to separate water and land is the backbone of each automatic water body monitoring. Due to changes in the water level, river and lake extent, atmosphere, sunlight radiation and onboard calibration of the satellite over time, most of the pixel-based classification techniques fail to determine accurate water masks. Beyond pixel intensity, spatial correlation between neighboring pixels is another source of information that should be used to decide the label of pixels. Water bodies have strong spatial correlation in satellite images. Therefore including contextual information as additional constraint into the procedure of water body monitoring improves the accuracy of the derived water masks significantly. In this study, we present an automatic algorithm for water body area monitoring based on maximum a posteriori (MAP) estimation of Markov Random Fields (MRF). First we collect all available images from selected case studies during the monitoring period. Then for each image separately we apply a k-means clustering to derive a primary water mask. After that we develop a MRF using pixel values and the primary water mask for each image. Then among the different realizations of the field we select the one that maximizes the posterior estimation. We solve this optimization problem using graph cut techniques. A graph with two terminals is constructed, after which the best labelling structure for

  7. Workflow-centred evaluation of an automatic lesion tracking software for chemotherapy monitoring by CT

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In chemotherapy monitoring, an estimation of the change in tumour size is an important criterion for the assessment of treatment success. This requires a comparison between corresponding lesions in the baseline and follow-up computed tomography (CT) examinations. We evaluate the clinical benefits of an automatic lesion tracking tool that identifies the target lesions in the follow-up CT study and pre-computes the lesion volumes. Four radiologists performed volumetric follow-up examinations for 52 patients with and without lesion tracking. In total, 139 lung nodules, liver metastases and lymph nodes were given as target lesions. We measured reading time, inter-reader variability in lesion identification and volume measurements, and the amount of manual adjustments of the segmentation results. With lesion tracking, target lesion assessment time decreased by 38 % or 22 s per lesion. Relative volume difference between readers was reduced from 0.171 to 0.1. Segmentation quality was comparable with and without lesion tracking. Our automatic lesion tracking tool can make interpretation of follow-up CT examinations quicker and provide results that are less reader-dependent. (orig.)

  8. Shifting Rule Modification Strategy of Automatic Transmission Based on Driver-vehicle-road Environment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WU Guangqiang; ZHANG Deming

    2010-01-01

    Accidental or frequent shift often occurs when the shifting rule is built based on traditional two parameters (I.e., velocity and throttle), because the speed of engine varies slower than change of throttle opening. Currently, modifying shift point velocity value or throttle by throttle change rate is one of common methods, but the results are not so satisfactory in some working condition such as uphill. The reason is that these methods merely consider throttle change rate which is not enough for a car driving in driver-vehicle-road environment system. So a novel fuzzy control modification strategy is proposed to avoid or reduce those abnormal shift actions. It can adjust shifting rule by the change rate of throttle, current gear position and road environment information, while different gear position and driving environment get corresponding modification value. In order to compare the results of shifting actions, fuel consumption and braking distance, emergent braking in level road and extra-urban driving cycle(EUDC) working conditions with fuzzy shifting schedule modification strategy are simulated digitally. Furthermore, a hardware-in-the-loop simulation platform is introduced to verify its effect in slope road condition according to the ON/OFF numbers of solenoid valve in hydraulic system. The simulation results show that the problem of unexpected shift in those working conditions may be resolved by fuzzy modification strategy. At last, it is concluded that although there is some slight decline in power performance in uphill situation, this fuzzy modification strategy could correctly identify slope of road, decrease braking distance, improve vehicle comfort and fuel economy effectively and prolong the life of clutch system. So, this fuzzy logic shifting strategy provides important References for vehicle intelligent shifting schedule.

  9. Field Tests of a NaI(Tl)-Based Vehicle Portal Monitor at Border Crossings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radiation portal monitors are commonly used at international border crossings to detect illicit transport of radioactive material. Most monitors use plastic scintillators to detect gamma rays, but next-generation monitors may contain NaI(Tl). In order to directly compare the performance of the two types of detectors, a prototype NaI(Tl) monitor was tested at two international border crossings adjacent to a comparable plastic scintillator monitor. The NaI(Tl) monitor housed four large detectors, each 10.2 cm x 10.2 cm x 41 cm. The empirical data set from the two field tests contains approximately 3800 passages with known cargo loads for each vehicle For a small subset of the vehicles, high purity germanium detector spectra were also collected. During the survey period several vehicles containing commercial products with naturally occurring radioactive material (NORM) passed through the monitor. Typical NORM cargo included pottery, large granite slabs, rock-based floor tiles, construction stone blocks, abrasive material, and fertilizer. Non-NORM sources encountered during the field tests included a large source of 60Co (200,000 GBq) and a shipment of uranium oxide, both items being legally transported. The information obtained during the tests provides a good empirical data set to compare the effectiveness of NaI(Tl) and plastic-scintillator portal monitors. The capability to be sensitive to illicit materials, but not alarm on NORM, is a key figure of merit for portal monitors

  10. Fully automatic spray-LBL machine with monitoring the real time growth of multilayer films using Quartz Crystal Microbalance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shiratori S.

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available A fully automatic spray-LBL machine with monitoring the real time growth of multilayer films using Quartz Crystal Microbalance (QCM techniques was newly developed. We established fully automatic spray layer-by-layer method by precisely controlling air pressure, solution flow, and spray pattern. The movement pattern towards the substrate during solution spraying allowed fabrication of a nano-scale, flat, thin film over a wide area. Optimization of spray conditions permitted fabrication of the flat film with high and low refractive indexes, and they were piled up alternatively to constitute a one-dimensional photonic crystal with near-infrared reflection characteristics. The heat shield effect of the near-infrared reflective film was also confirmed under natural sunlight. It was demonstrated that the fabrication using the automatic spray-LBL machine and real-time QCM monitoring allows the fabrication of optical quality thin films with precise thickness.

  11. 胶轮车监控系统在煤矿井下车辆运输管理中的应用%Application of Monitoring and Control System of Rubber-tyred Vehicle in Underground Vehicle Transportation Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王瑞峰

    2012-01-01

    介绍了胶轮车监控系统的组成及工作原理;以车辆通过两个避车硐室之间的单向区间为例说明了系统的调度控制方式;结合系统在高河煤矿的应用情况,提出了实际应用中需注意的几个问题.该系统以调度控制分站为控制核心,实现了对井下胶轮车的实时监控和自动调度功能,提高了车辆运输管理效率.%The paper introduced composition and working principle of monitoring and control system of rubber-tyred vehicle, described scheduling control mode of the system by example of a vehicle passing an one-way interval between two refuge chambers, and proposed several issues needing paying attention to in actual application combining with the application in Gaohe Coal Mine. The system takes scheduling control sub-station as control core, and realizes functions of real-time monitoring and automatic schedulling of underground rubble-tyred vehicle, so as to improve efficiency of vehicle transportation management.

  12. Automatic Generation of Overlays and Offset Values Based on Visiting Vehicle Telemetry and RWS Visuals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunne, Matthew J.

    2011-01-01

    The development of computer software as a tool to generate visual displays has led to an overall expansion of automated computer generated images in the aerospace industry. These visual overlays are generated by combining raw data with pre-existing data on the object or objects being analyzed on the screen. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) uses this computer software to generate on-screen overlays when a Visiting Vehicle (VV) is berthing with the International Space Station (ISS). In order for Mission Control Center personnel to be a contributing factor in the VV berthing process, computer software similar to that on the ISS must be readily available on the ground to be used for analysis. In addition, this software must perform engineering calculations and save data for further analysis.

  13. Studies on automatic hot gas reader used in the countrywide personnel monitoring programme

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In India, ∼58,000 radiation workers are monitored using locally made CaSO4:Dy teflon embedded thermoluminescence dosemeter (TLD) badge system. The automatic hot gas readers developed locally are also used in TL measurements. The hot gas reader system has many advantages over the manual readers used previously and has completely replaced the manual reader system in all TLD personnel monitoring units in India. In the present study, the new reader system is studied and a theoretical attempt has been made to interpret the experimentally obtained results. The glow curves are generated theoretically and are also plotted experimentally. It has been found that the heat capacity of the heating gas, which is responsible for the transfer of heat, has a role in deciding the position of peak and is verified experimentally using different gas flow rates of nitrogen and argon as heating gases in the reader. The theoretical study may also be helpful in fitting the experimentally obtained glow curves and, therefore, the elimination of unwanted non-radiation-induced contributions, such as dark current, electronic spikes, light leakage and tribo-luminescence that generally distort the glow curve shape, can be achieved. (authors)

  14. Development of portable health monitoring system for automatic self-blood glucose measurement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Huijun; Mizuno, Yoshihumi; Nakamachi, Eiji; Morita, Yusuke

    2010-02-01

    In this study, a new HMS (Health Monitoring System) device is developed for diabetic patient. This device mainly consists of I) 3D blood vessel searching unit and II) automatic blood glucose measurement (ABGM) unit. This device has features such as 1)3D blood vessel location search 2) laptop type, 3) puncturing a blood vessel by using a minimally invasive micro-needle, 4) very little blood sampling (10μl), and 5) automatic blood extraction and blood glucose measurement. In this study, ABGM unit is described in detail. It employs a syringe type's blood extraction mechanism because of its high accuracy. And it consists of the syringe component and the driving component. The syringe component consists of a syringe itself, a piston, a magnet, a ratchet and a micro-needle whose inner diameter is about 80μm. And the syringe component is disposable. The driving component consists of body parts, a linear stepping motor, a glucose enzyme sensor and a slider for accurate positioning control. The driving component has the all-in-one mechanism with a glucose enzyme sensor for compact size and stable blood transfer. On designing, required thrust force to drive the slider is designed to be greater than the value of the blood extraction force. Further, only one linear stepping motor is employed for blood extraction and transportation processes. The experimental result showed more than 80% of volume ratio under the piston speed 2.4mm/s. Further, the blood glucose was measured successfully by using the prototype unit. Finally, the availability of our ABGM unit was confirmed.

  15. Road Vehicle Monitoring System Based on Intelligent Visual Internet of Things

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qingwu Li

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, with the rapid development of video surveillance infrastructure, more and more intelligent surveillance systems have employed computer vision and pattern recognition techniques. In this paper, we present a novel intelligent surveillance system used for the management of road vehicles based on Intelligent Visual Internet of Things (IVIoT. The system has the ability to extract the vehicle visual tags on the urban roads; in other words, it can label any vehicle by means of computer vision and therefore can easily recognize vehicles with visual tags. The nodes designed in the system can be installed not only on the urban roads for providing basic information but also on the mobile sensing vehicles for providing mobility support and improving sensing coverage. Visual tags mentioned in this paper consist of license plate number, vehicle color, and vehicle type and have several additional properties, such as passing spot and passing moment. Moreover, we present a fast and efficient image haze removal method to deal with haze weather condition. The experiment results show that the designed road vehicle monitoring system achieves an average real-time tracking accuracy of 85.80% under different conditions.

  16. Nonlinear automatic landing control of unmanned aerial vehicles on moving platforms via a 3D laser radar

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hervas, Jaime Rubio; Tang, Hui [School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, 639798 (Singapore); Reyhanoglu, Mahmut [Physical Sciences Department, Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, Daytona Beach, FL 32114 (United States)

    2014-12-10

    This paper presents a motion tracking and control system for automatically landing Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) on an oscillating platform using Laser Radar (LADAR) observations. The system itself is assumed to be mounted on a ship deck. A full nonlinear mathematical model is first introduced for the UAV. The ship motion is characterized by a Fourier transform based method which includes a realistic characterization of the sea waves. LADAR observation models are introduced and an algorithm to process those observations for yielding the relative state between the vessel and the UAV is presented, from which the UAV's state relative to an inertial frame can be obtained and used for feedback purposes. A sliding mode control algorithm is derived for tracking a landing trajectory defined by a set of desired waypoints. An extended Kalman filter (EKF) is proposed to account for process and observation noises in the design of a state estimator. The effectiveness of the control algorithm is illustrated through a simulation example.

  17. Nonlinear automatic landing control of unmanned aerial vehicles on moving platforms via a 3D laser radar

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents a motion tracking and control system for automatically landing Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) on an oscillating platform using Laser Radar (LADAR) observations. The system itself is assumed to be mounted on a ship deck. A full nonlinear mathematical model is first introduced for the UAV. The ship motion is characterized by a Fourier transform based method which includes a realistic characterization of the sea waves. LADAR observation models are introduced and an algorithm to process those observations for yielding the relative state between the vessel and the UAV is presented, from which the UAV's state relative to an inertial frame can be obtained and used for feedback purposes. A sliding mode control algorithm is derived for tracking a landing trajectory defined by a set of desired waypoints. An extended Kalman filter (EKF) is proposed to account for process and observation noises in the design of a state estimator. The effectiveness of the control algorithm is illustrated through a simulation example

  18. Automatic Measurement of Radioactive Deposition: a New On-Line System in Slovenian Radiation Monitoring Network

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: The automatic radiation-monitoring network in Slovenia consists of four different on-line systems: external gamma radiation network, aerosol measuring stations, a continuous radon monitor, and a radioactive deposition measuring system (RDMS). The latest system became operational in October 1999. Since June 2000, the results have been continuously presented on the World Wide Web. The system is designed for on-line detection and evaluation of possible radioactive contamination with artificial radionuclides, such as fission products 131I , 137Cs and others. Once surface-specific activities of individual radionuclides are determined, it is possible to promptly make dose projections for the population due to ingestion of food and drinking water. The measuring system and data analysis method are the results of SNSA's own development. The RMDS is equipped with a 3'x3' NaI(Tl) scintillation detector, which is mounted in a thermostatic housing. The system collects data and performs a gamma-spectroscopic analysis every 6 hours. The measurement time interval can be easily changed. Special software enables an on-line evaluation, display and storage of the results of surface ground contamination. Natural short-lived radon decay products (gamma emitters 214Pb and 214Bi) washed-out from the atmosphere by precipitation are recorded occasionally. The decay of these gamma-emitting radionuclides considerably contributes to the natural background radiation levels. Surface-specific activities of the deposited radon daughters is in accordance with the increase in dose rate measured with gamma probes. The RMDS has proved to be a reliable and very sensitive system for measuring contamination with gamma emitters deposited on the ground. In case of a nuclear or radiological accident it gives valuable information for proper decision making. (author)

  19. Analysis on machine tool systems using spindle vibration monitoring for automatic tool changer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shang-Liang Chen

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Recently, the intelligent systems of technology have become one of the major items in the development of machine tools. One crucial technology is the machinery status monitoring function, which is required for abnormal warnings and the improvement of cutting efficiency. During processing, the mobility act of the spindle unit determines the most frequent and important part such as automatic tool changer. The vibration detection system includes the development of hardware and software, such as vibration meter, signal acquisition card, data processing platform, and machine control program. Meanwhile, based on the difference between the mechanical configuration and the desired characteristics, it is difficult for a vibration detection system to directly choose the commercially available kits. For this reason, it was also selected as an item for self-development research, along with the exploration of a significant parametric study that is sufficient to represent the machine characteristics and states. However, we also launched the development of functional parts of the system simultaneously. Finally, we entered the conditions and the parameters generated from both the states and the characteristics into the developed system to verify its feasibility.

  20. National automatic network of environmental radiological monitoring (RENAMORA); Red Nacional automatica de monitoreo radiologico ambiental (RENAMORA)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gonzalez M, J.L.; Sanchez H, L. [CNSNS, Dr. Barragan 779, Col. Narvarte, 03020 Mexico D.F. (Mexico)]. e-mail: jlgonzalez@cnsns.gob.mx

    2003-07-01

    Inside the programs of Environmental Radiological Surveillance that it carries out the National Commission of Nuclear Security and Safeguards (CNSNS), it develops an National Automatic Network of Environmental Radiological Monitoring (RENAMORA), where it is carried out a registration of speed of environmental dose in continuous and simultaneous forms with the same moment of the measurement. This net allows to account with the meticulous and opportune information that will help to characterize, in dynamics form, the radiological conditions of diverse geographical zones of the country, including the sites that by normative require bigger surveillance, like its are the Laguna Verde Nuclear power station (CNLV), the Nuclear Center of Mexico (ININ) and the Radioactive waste storage center (CADER). This net is in its first development stage; three points inside the state of Veracruz, in the surroundings of the CNLV, already its are operating; the obtained data of rapidity of environmental dose are being stored in a database inside a primary data center located in the facilities of the CNSNS in Mexico city and its will be analyzed according to the project advances. At the moment, its are installing the first ten teams corresponding to the first phase of the RENAMORA (three stages); its are carried out operation tests, transmission, reception and administration of data. The obtained data will be interpreted, analyzed and inter compared to evaluate the risk levels to that it would be hold the population and to determine thresholds that allow to integrate the alarm systems that its had considered for emergency situations. (Author)

  1. Gastrointestinal monitor: automatic titration of jejunal inflow to match peristaltic outflow.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moss, Gerald; Posada, Jose G

    2007-06-15

    A peristaltic gradient insures that chyme normally removed from the jejunal feeding site continues to be propelled caudad. The trigger for iatrogenic "feeding intolerance" is the inadvertently overwhelming of the jejunum's peristaltic outflow, even momentarily. Even minimum local stasis can stimulate a vagal reflex response. Motility of the sluggish gut further slows, leading to generalized abdominal distention, malaise, immobility, and impaired respiratory mechanics. Vagal vascular reflexes could explain the 1:1000 incidence of bowel necrosis for jejunally fed patients. We developed a clinical regimen that continuously "checks for residual" at the enteral feeding site, monitoring the adequacy of emptying. The jejunal inflow automatically is titrated to match peristaltic outflow if the latter cannot keep up. Intermittent suction aspirates the feeding catheter into a plastic chamber for 30 s. All swallowed air is removed efficiently within the close confines of the jejunal segment, without wasting digestive juices. The degassed aspirate is returned by gravity with the feedings during the second half of the 1-min cycle, unless incipient excess (>or=20 mL) fluid overflows. Only this relatively small volume of potentially excess fluid is discarded, forestalling the local distention. All patients tolerated immediate feeding without discomfort or abdominal distention, including three that had esophageal resection (including vagotomy) for carcinoma. Postoperative full enteral nutrition can be achieved quickly and safely with minimum attention, despite initially marginal gastrointestinal function. PMID:17509263

  2. DEVELOPMENT OF A GEOGRAPHIC VISUALIZATION AND COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS (GVCS) FOR MONITORING REMOTE VEHICLES

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    COLEMAN, P.; DUNCAN, M.; DURFEE, R.C.; GOELTZ, R; HARRISON, G.; HODGSON, M.E.; KOOK, M.; MCCLAIN, S.

    1998-03-30

    The purpose of this project is to integrate a variety of geographic information systems capabilities and telecommunication technologies for potential use in geographic network and visualization applications. The specific technical goals of the project were to design, develop, and simulate the components of an audio/visual geographic communications system to aid future real-time monitoring, mapping and managing of transport vehicles. The system components of this feasibility study are collectively referred to as a Geographic Visualization and Communications System (GVCS). State-of-the-art techniques will be used and developed to allow both the vehicle operator and network manager to monitor the location and surrounding environment of a transport vehicle during shipment.

  3. Acquisition, orthorectification, and object-based classification of unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) imagery for rangeland monitoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    In this paper, we examine the potential of using a small unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) for rangeland inventory, assessment and monitoring. Imagery with 8-cm resolution was acquired over 290 ha in southwestern Idaho. We developed a semi-automated orthorectification procedure suitable for handling lar...

  4. Monitoring system for overload vehicles%汽车超载监测系统

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江诗明; 徐伟; 吴智量; 林树雄

    2014-01-01

    This system based on the open source computer vision library(OpenCV)is used to execute the real-time iden-tification of overloading vehicles with different vehicle models. A vehicle model classifier is established according to the vehicle photo library,and then the vehicles entering the monitored area are recorded by a digital camera. The vehicle models are identi-fied in video recognition by the classifier. The rated load of a vehicle model is obtained by querying the database,and then the actual load of the vehicle running across the monitoring area is measured by the dynamic weighing technology for judging if the vehicle is overloaded immediately. This approach can avoid the demerit of the previous one that uses the unified weight to esti-mate whether vehicles with different models are overloaded or not. In addition,it can also avoid the coil measurement of speed. Testing results show that the system can quickly and accurately identify a vehicle model,and can promptly determine whether the vehicle is overloaded by means of dynamic weighing system. It has considerable practical value for road maintenance and road traffic safety.%为了实时识别各种车型的超载车辆,该系统基于开源计算机视觉库(OpenCV),先根据车辆照片库建立车型分类器,然后使用数字摄像机拍摄进入监控区域的车辆,在视频中使用分类器识别车型,根据所识别得到的车型去查询数据库获得该车型的核载,再通过动态称重技术获得车辆的实际载重,及时判别车辆是否超载。此方法可避免过去使用统一重量衡量不同车型是否超载的弊端,并可同时免线圈测量车速。测试结果表明系统能快速准确地识别出车型。配合动态称重系统,就能实时得出所通过的车辆是否超载,对公路养护和道路交通安全有相当大的实用意义。

  5. Vehicle tethered aerostat optoelectronic monitoring platform system for Shanghai World EXPO

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Weihu; Wang, Yawei; Han, Xiaoquan; Yuan, Jiang

    2010-08-01

    To monitor the whole Shanghai Expo Park, a vehicle tethered aerostat optoelectronic monitoring platform with the characteristic of time-sensitive and all-weather monitoring is described in detail in this paper, which is hung beneath the tethered balloon and equipped with a variety of payloads, including visible light monitoring system, infrared monitoring system, hyperspectral monitoring system, GPS/INS system, monitoring and control system and so on. These equipments can be used for real-time monitoring, environmental monitoring, and ground target location of Shanghai Expo Park. The output High Definition (HD) image of Shanghai Expo Park from visible light monitoring system is clear and stable, and the stabilization accuracy of visual axis is 0.07°(3δ). The optoelectronic monitoring platform system uses the target location technology based on Global Position System/Inertial Navigation System (GPS/INS) system to output real-time location data compatible with Geographic Information System (GIS). Test results show that the maximum errors between the location results (latitude and longitude) solved by the target location program and the reference target are 0.2 0/00(latitude) and 2 0/00(longitude). Now the whole system has been used for surveillance the Shanghai Expo Park since April 2010.

  6. An efficient recursive least square-based condition monitoring approach for a rail vehicle suspension system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, X. Y.; Alfi, S.; Bruni, S.

    2016-06-01

    A model-based condition monitoring strategy for the railway vehicle suspension is proposed in this paper. This approach is based on recursive least square (RLS) algorithm focusing on the deterministic 'input-output' model. RLS has Kalman filtering feature and is able to identify the unknown parameters from a noisy dynamic system by memorising the correlation properties of variables. The identification of suspension parameter is achieved by machine learning of the relationship between excitation and response in a vehicle dynamic system. A fault detection method for the vertical primary suspension is illustrated as an instance of this condition monitoring scheme. Simulation results from the rail vehicle dynamics software 'ADTreS' are utilised as 'virtual measurements' considering a trailer car of Italian ETR500 high-speed train. The field test data from an E464 locomotive are also employed to validate the feasibility of this strategy for the real application. Results of the parameter identification performed indicate that estimated suspension parameters are consistent or approximate with the reference values. These results provide the supporting evidence that this fault diagnosis technique is capable of paving the way for the future vehicle condition monitoring system.

  7. Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV for Monitoring Soil Erosion in Morocco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johannes B. Ries

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available This article presents an environmental remote sensing application using a UAV that is specifically aimed at reducing the data gap between field scale and satellite scale in soil erosion monitoring in Morocco. A fixed-wing aircraft type Sirius I (MAVinci, Germany equipped with a digital system camera (Panasonic is employed. UAV surveys are conducted over different study sites with varying extents and flying heights in order to provide both very high resolution site-specific data and lower-resolution overviews, thus fully exploiting the large potential of the chosen UAV for multi-scale mapping purposes. Depending on the scale and area coverage, two different approaches for georeferencing are used, based on high-precision GCPs or the UAV’s log file with exterior orientation values respectively. The photogrammetric image processing enables the creation of Digital Terrain Models (DTMs and ortho-image mosaics with very high resolution on a sub-decimetre level. The created data products were used for quantifying gully and badland erosion in 2D and 3D as well as for the analysis of the surrounding areas and landscape development for larger extents.

  8. Automatic polymerase chain reaction product detection system for food safety monitoring using zinc finger protein fused to luciferase

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yoshida, Wataru; Kezuka, Aki; Murakami, Yoshiyuki; Lee, Jinhee; Abe, Koichi [Department of Biotechnology and Life Science, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, 2-24-16 Naka-cho, Koganei, Tokyo 184-8588 (Japan); Motoki, Hiroaki; Matsuo, Takafumi; Shimura, Nobuaki [System Instruments Co., Ltd., 776-2 Komiya-cho, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0031 (Japan); Noda, Mamoru; Igimi, Shizunobu [Division of Biomedical Food Research, National Institute of Health Sciences, 1-18-1 Kamiyoga, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 158-8501 (Japan); Ikebukuro, Kazunori, E-mail: ikebu@cc.tuat.ac.jp [Department of Biotechnology and Life Science, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, 2-24-16 Naka-cho, Koganei, Tokyo 184-8588 (Japan)

    2013-11-01

    Graphical abstract: -- Highlights: •Zif268 fused to luciferase was used for E. coli O157, Salmonella and coliform detection. •Artificial zinc finger protein fused to luciferase was constructed for Norovirus detection. •An analyzer that automatically detects PCR products by zinc finger protein fused to luciferase was developed. •Target pathogens were specifically detected by the automatic analyzer with zinc finger protein fused to luciferase. -- Abstract: An automatic polymerase chain reaction (PCR) product detection system for food safety monitoring using zinc finger (ZF) protein fused to luciferase was developed. ZF protein fused to luciferase specifically binds to target double stranded DNA sequence and has luciferase enzymatic activity. Therefore, PCR products that comprise ZF protein recognition sequence can be detected by measuring the luciferase activity of the fusion protein. We previously reported that PCR products from Legionella pneumophila and Escherichia coli (E. coli) O157 genomic DNA were detected by Zif268, a natural ZF protein, fused to luciferase. In this study, Zif268–luciferase was applied to detect the presence of Salmonella and coliforms. Moreover, an artificial zinc finger protein (B2) fused to luciferase was constructed for a Norovirus detection system. In the luciferase activity detection assay, several bound/free separation process is required. Therefore, an analyzer that automatically performed the bound/free separation process was developed to detect PCR products using the ZF–luciferase fusion protein. By means of the automatic analyzer with ZF–luciferase fusion protein, target pathogenic genomes were specifically detected in the presence of other pathogenic genomes. Moreover, we succeeded in the detection of 10 copies of E. coli BL21 without extraction of genomic DNA by the automatic analyzer and E. coli was detected with a logarithmic dependency in the range of 1.0 × 10 to 1.0 × 10{sup 6} copies.

  9. Automatic polymerase chain reaction product detection system for food safety monitoring using zinc finger protein fused to luciferase

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Graphical abstract: -- Highlights: •Zif268 fused to luciferase was used for E. coli O157, Salmonella and coliform detection. •Artificial zinc finger protein fused to luciferase was constructed for Norovirus detection. •An analyzer that automatically detects PCR products by zinc finger protein fused to luciferase was developed. •Target pathogens were specifically detected by the automatic analyzer with zinc finger protein fused to luciferase. -- Abstract: An automatic polymerase chain reaction (PCR) product detection system for food safety monitoring using zinc finger (ZF) protein fused to luciferase was developed. ZF protein fused to luciferase specifically binds to target double stranded DNA sequence and has luciferase enzymatic activity. Therefore, PCR products that comprise ZF protein recognition sequence can be detected by measuring the luciferase activity of the fusion protein. We previously reported that PCR products from Legionella pneumophila and Escherichia coli (E. coli) O157 genomic DNA were detected by Zif268, a natural ZF protein, fused to luciferase. In this study, Zif268–luciferase was applied to detect the presence of Salmonella and coliforms. Moreover, an artificial zinc finger protein (B2) fused to luciferase was constructed for a Norovirus detection system. In the luciferase activity detection assay, several bound/free separation process is required. Therefore, an analyzer that automatically performed the bound/free separation process was developed to detect PCR products using the ZF–luciferase fusion protein. By means of the automatic analyzer with ZF–luciferase fusion protein, target pathogenic genomes were specifically detected in the presence of other pathogenic genomes. Moreover, we succeeded in the detection of 10 copies of E. coli BL21 without extraction of genomic DNA by the automatic analyzer and E. coli was detected with a logarithmic dependency in the range of 1.0 × 10 to 1.0 × 106 copies

  10. MULTI-FUNCTION VEHICLE NAVIGATION AND MONITORING SYSTEM IN URBAN AREAS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHENXue-song; LIUJian-ye; SUNYong-rong; CHENWu

    2005-01-01

    A vehicle navigation and monitoring system integrated by a high precision navigation system and a vehicle black box is studied to satisfy the demand for the intelligent transportation system (ITS). Firstly, the architecture of the system is proposed. Then the integration scheme of global positioning system/dead reckoning/bluetooth beacon/map matching (GPS/DR/BB/MM) with the hluetooth assistant positioning technology, and the algorithm of the Kalman filter for the integrated GPS/DR are investigated. Finally many field trials for principle prototypes are made. Experimental results show that the proposed integrated navigation algorithm is effective and feasible, and the function of the vehicle black-box is realized.

  11. Development and Testing of an Automatic Transmission Shift Schedule Algorithm for Vehicle Simulation (SAE Paper 2015-01-1142)

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Advanced Light-Duty Powertrain and Hybrid Analysis (ALPHA) modeling tool was created by EPA to estimate greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of light-duty vehicles. ALPHA is a physics-based, forward-looking, full vehicle computer simulation capable of analyzing various vehicle type...

  12. Automatic polymerase chain reaction product detection system for food safety monitoring using zinc finger protein fused to luciferase.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoshida, Wataru; Kezuka, Aki; Murakami, Yoshiyuki; Lee, Jinhee; Abe, Koichi; Motoki, Hiroaki; Matsuo, Takafumi; Shimura, Nobuaki; Noda, Mamoru; Igimi, Shizunobu; Ikebukuro, Kazunori

    2013-11-01

    An automatic polymerase chain reaction (PCR) product detection system for food safety monitoring using zinc finger (ZF) protein fused to luciferase was developed. ZF protein fused to luciferase specifically binds to target double stranded DNA sequence and has luciferase enzymatic activity. Therefore, PCR products that comprise ZF protein recognition sequence can be detected by measuring the luciferase activity of the fusion protein. We previously reported that PCR products from Legionella pneumophila and Escherichia coli (E. coli) O157 genomic DNA were detected by Zif268, a natural ZF protein, fused to luciferase. In this study, Zif268-luciferase was applied to detect the presence of Salmonella and coliforms. Moreover, an artificial zinc finger protein (B2) fused to luciferase was constructed for a Norovirus detection system. In the luciferase activity detection assay, several bound/free separation process is required. Therefore, an analyzer that automatically performed the bound/free separation process was developed to detect PCR products using the ZF-luciferase fusion protein. By means of the automatic analyzer with ZF-luciferase fusion protein, target pathogenic genomes were specifically detected in the presence of other pathogenic genomes. Moreover, we succeeded in the detection of 10 copies of E. coli BL21 without extraction of genomic DNA by the automatic analyzer and E. coli was detected with a logarithmic dependency in the range of 1.0×10 to 1.0×10(6) copies.

  13. Beach monitoring using Unmanned Aerial Vehicles: results of a multi-temporal study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casella, Elisa; Rovere, Alessio; Casella, Marco; Pedroncini, Andrea; Ferrari, Marco; Vacchi, Matteo; Firpo, Marco

    2015-04-01

    The application of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles and photogrammetry techniques in earth sciences is flourishing. In this study, we show how we applied small Unmanned Aerial Vehicles to the study of topographic changes of a beach in Italy, NW Mediterranean Sea. We surveyed the same stretch of coastline three times in 5 months, obtaining ortophotos and digital elevation models of the beach using a structure from motion approach. We then calculated the difference in beach topography between each time step, and we related topography changes to both human and natural modifications of the beach morphology that can be inferred from aerial photos or wave data. We conclude that small drones have the potential to open new possibilities for beach monitoring studies, and can be successfully employed for multi-temporal monitoring studies at relatively low cost.

  14. On the Design of a Robotic System Composed of an Unmanned Surface Vehicle and a Piggybacked VTOL

    OpenAIRE

    Pinto, Eduardo; Santana, Pedro; Marques, Francisco; Mendonça, Ricardo; Lourenço, André; Barata, José

    2014-01-01

    Part 8: Robotics and Mechatronics International audience This paper presents the core ideas of the RIVERWATCH experiment and describes its hardware architecture. The RIVERWATCH experiment considers the use of autonomous surface vehicles piggybacking multi-rotor unmanned aerial vehicles for the automatic monitoring of riverine environments. While the surface vehicle benefits from the aerial vehicle to extend its field of view, the aerial vehicle benefits from the surface vehicle to ensur...

  15. Wildlife Road Crossing: innovative Solution for preventing Vehicle Collision based on pervasive WSN monitoring System

    OpenAIRE

    Robol, Fabrizio

    2015-01-01

    The study, design and development of a monitoring system for wildlife road crossing problem is addressed in this thesis. Collisions between fauna and vehicles is a relevant issue in several mountain and rural regions and a valuable low-cost solution has not yet been identified. In particular, the proposed system is composed by a network of sensors installed along road margins, in order to detect wildlife events, (e.g., approaching, leaving or crossing the road), thus to promptly warn the inco...

  16. Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) and Artificial Intelligence Revolutionizing Wildlife Monitoring and Conservation

    OpenAIRE

    Gonzalez, Luis F.; Montes, Glen A.; Eduard Puig; Sandra Johnson; Kerrie Mengersen; Gaston, Kevin J

    2016-01-01

    Surveying threatened and invasive species to obtain accurate population estimates is an important but challenging task that requires a considerable investment in time and resources. Estimates using existing ground-based monitoring techniques, such as camera traps and surveys performed on foot, are known to be resource intensive, potentially inaccurate and imprecise, and difficult to validate. Recent developments in unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV), artificial intelligence and miniaturized therm...

  17. Training-Free Non-Intrusive Load Monitoring of Electric Vehicle Charging with Low Sampling Rate

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, Zhilin; Son, Jae Hyun; Ying LI; Trayer, Mark; Pi, Zhouyue; Hwang, Dong Yoon; Moon, Joong Ki

    2014-01-01

    Non-intrusive load monitoring (NILM) is an important topic in smart-grid and smart-home. Many energy disaggregation algorithms have been proposed to detect various individual appliances from one aggregated signal observation. However, few works studied the energy disaggregation of plug-in electric vehicle (EV) charging in the residential environment since EVs charging at home has emerged only recently. Recent studies showed that EV charging has a large impact on smart-grid especially in summe...

  18. Load tracking and structural health monitoring of unmanned aerial vehicles using optical fiber sensors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Handelman, A.; Botsev, Y.; Balter, J.; Gud's, P.; Kressel, I.; Tur, M.; Gali, S.; Pillai, A. C. R.; Hari Prasad, M.; Yadav, A. Kumar; Gupta, Nitesh; Sathya, Sakthi; Sundaram, Ramesh

    2011-08-01

    An airborne, high resolution, load tracking and structural health monitoring system for unmanned aerial vehicles is presented. The system is based on embedded optical fiber Bragg sensors interrogated in real time during flight at 2.5 kHz. By analyzing the recorded vibration signature it is now possible to identify and trace the dynamic response of an airborne structure and track its loads.

  19. Temperature monitoring of vehicle engine exhaust gases under vibration condition using optical fibre temperature sensor systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhao, W Z [School of Eng. and Math. Sciences, City University, Northampton Square, London EC1V 0HB (United Kingdom); Suna, T [School of Eng. and Math. Sciences, City University, Northampton Square, London EC1V 0HB (United Kingdom); Grattana, K T V [School of Eng. and Math. Sciences, City University, Northampton Square, London EC1V 0HB (United Kingdom); Shen, Y H [Department of Physics, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China, 310027 (China); Wei, C L [Department of Elec. Eng. and Electronics, University of Liverpool, Brownlow Hill, Liverpool, L69 3GJ (United Kingdom); Al-Shamma' a, A I [Department of Elec. Eng. and Electronics, University of Liverpool, Brownlow Hill, Liverpool, L69 3GJ (United Kingdom)

    2006-07-15

    Two optical approaches, comprising and contracting both the fluorescence decay lifetime and the fibre Bragg grating (FBG) methods, were developed and evaluated for temperature monitoring of exhaust gases for use on a vehicle engine. The FBGs used in the system were written into specially designed Bi-Ge co-doped photosensitive fibres, to enable them to sustain high temperatures to over 800{sup 0}C, which is far beyond that of FBGs written into most commercial photosensitive fibres. The sensors were subjected to a range of vibration tests, as a part of an optical exhaust monitoring network under development, and results from the test carried out are reported.

  20. A monitoring system based on electric vehicle three-stage wireless charging

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hei, T.; Liu, Z. Z.; Yang, Y.; Hongxing, CHEN; Zhou, B.; Zeng, H.

    2016-08-01

    An monitoring system for three-stage wireless charging was designed. The vehicle terminal contained the core board which was used for battery information collection and charging control and the power measurement and charging control core board was provided at the transmitting terminal which communicated with receiver by Bluetooth. A touch-screen display unit was designed based on MCGS (Monitor and Control Generated System) to simulate charging behavior and to debug the system conveniently. The practical application shown that the system could be stable and reliable, and had a favorable application foreground.

  1. Design and test of a situation-augmented display for an unmanned aerial vehicle monitoring task.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Jen-Li; Horng, Ruey-Yun; Chao, Chin-Jung

    2013-08-01

    In this study, a situation-augmented display for unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) monitoring was designed, and its effects on operator performance and mental workload were examined. The display design was augmented with the knowledge that there is an invariant flight trajectory (formed by the relationship between altitude and velocity) for every flight, from takeoff to landing. 56 participants were randomly assigned to the situation-augmented display or a conventional display condition to work on 4 (number of abnormalities) x 2 (noise level) UAV monitoring tasks three times. Results showed that the effects of situation-augmented display on flight completion time and time to detect abnormalities were robust under various workload conditions, but error rate and perceived mental workload were unaffected by the display type. Results suggest that the UAV monitoring task is extremely difficult, and that display devices providing high-level situation-awareness may improve operator monitoring performance.

  2. Design and Realization of Vehicle Access Monitoring System%车辆出入监控系统的设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨学昭; 陈玉国; 宋百平

    2011-01-01

    It was designed automated vehicle access control system through wireless transmission in this paper. In order to improve the convenience and safety of the vehicle that gets in/out the gate guard. The system used of AT89C55 microcontroller as monitor host,and Using a wireless transceiver chip NFR401 to send and receive information, the memory to record vehicle access time,The infrared sensors to detect vehicle position information. It has the function of recording the vehicular access time and controlling the gate automatically turn on /off by remoter. So it can reduce time of vehicle travel from gate guard,protect the safety of the vehicle,and achieve integrated management of the intelligence community.%为了提高车辆出入门岗的方便性及车辆的安全,文中设计了一种以无线传送方式实现的车辆出入的自动化监控系统.该系统使用AT89C55单片机作为监控主机,利用无线收发芯片NFR401的收发信息,通过存储器记录车辆出入时间,利用红外传感器检测车辆通过的位置信息.该系统具有车辆出入时间的记录、遥控开门和自动关门的功能,从而减少车辆出入门岗的通行时间,保障了车辆的安全,实现小区智能化的综合管理.

  3. An automatic segmentation method for building facades from vehicle-borne LiDAR point cloud data based on fundamental geographical data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yongqiang; Mao, Jie; Cai, Lailiang; Zhang, Xitong; Li, Lixue

    2016-03-01

    In this paper, the author proposed a segmentation method based on the fundamental geographic data, the algorithm describes as following: Firstly, convert the coordinate system of fundamental geographic data to that of vehicle- borne LiDAR point cloud though some data preprocessing work, and realize the coordinate system between them; Secondly, simplify the feature of fundamental geographic data, extract effective contour information of the buildings, then set a suitable buffer threshold value for building contour, and segment out point cloud data of building facades automatically; Thirdly, take a reasonable quality assessment mechanism, check and evaluate of the segmentation results, control the quality of segmentation result. Experiment shows that the proposed method is simple and effective. The method also has reference value for the automatic segmentation for surface features of other types of point cloud.

  4. Monitoring system for gamma radiation of porch type for vehicles; Sistema de monitoreo de radiacion gamma tipo portal para vehiculos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vazquez C, R.M.; Molina, G.; Gutierrez O, E.; Ramirez J, F.J.; Garcia H, J.M.; Aguilar B, M.A.; Vilchis P, A.E.; Cruz E, P.; Torres B, M.A. [ININ, 52045 Ocoyoacac, Estado de Mexico (Mexico)

    2005-07-01

    A monitoring system of gamma radiation for vehicles of the porch type developed in the ININ is presented. This system carries out the radiological monitoring of the vehicles in continuous form, detecting the bottom radiological environment and the presence of nuclear material transported in vehicles. The vehicles are monitored while they pass to low speed through the porch. The detectors are plastic scintillators of great volume that allow high sensibility detection. The arrangement of detecting is interconnected in net, and the data are concentrated on a personal computer whose interface man-machine can be accessed from any personal computer connected to Internet. The system monitoring in real time with options of sampling times from 50 ms configurable up to 500 ms. (Author)

  5. Design of Automatic Guide Vehicle Based on AT89S52%基于AT89S52的自动导引车设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何裕源; 何晓晖

    2013-01-01

    介绍一种自动导引车(Automatic Guided Vehicle)的设计方法,小车采用红外传感器为导引装置,直流电机为驱动装置,以AT89S52为主控核心,指导自动导引车自动识别正确轨迹并实现运行.该系统电气原理简单,可靠性能高,为自动导引车在工业中应用开发提供参考.

  6. On-Road Driver Monitoring System Based on a Solar-Powered In-Vehicle Embedded Platform

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yen-Lin Chen

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This study presents an on-road driver monitoring system, which is implemented on a stand-alone in-vehicle embedded system and driven by effective solar cells. The driver monitoring function is performed by an efficient eye detection technique. Through the driver’s eye movements captured from the camera, the attention states of the driver can be determined and any fatigue states can be avoided. This driver monitoring technique is implemented on a low-power embedded in-vehicle platform. Besides, this study also proposed monitoring machinery that can detect the brightness around the car to effectively determine whether this in-vehicle system is driven by the solar cells or by the vehicle battery. On sunny days, the in-vehicle system can be powered by solar cell in places without the vehicle battery. While in the evenings or on rainy days, the ambient solar brightness is insufficient, and the system is powered by the vehicle battery. The proposed system was tested under the conditions that the solar irradiance is 10 to 113 W/m2 and solar energy and brightness at 10 to 170. From the testing results, when the outside solar radiation is high, the brightness of the inside of the car is increased, and the eye detection accuracy can also increase as well. Therefore, this solar powered driver monitoring system can be efficiently applied to electric cars to save energy consumption and promote the driving safety.

  7. Automatic Condition Monitoring of Industrial Rolling-Element Bearings Using Motor’s Vibration and Current Analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Yang, Zhenyu

    2015-01-01

    An automatic condition monitoring for a class of industrial rolling-element bearings is developed based on the vibration as well as stator current analysis. The considered fault scenarios include a single-point defect, multiple-point defects, and a type of distributed defect. Motivated by the pot......An automatic condition monitoring for a class of industrial rolling-element bearings is developed based on the vibration as well as stator current analysis. The considered fault scenarios include a single-point defect, multiple-point defects, and a type of distributed defect. Motivated...... by the potential commercialization, the developed system is promoted mainly using off-the-shelf techniques, that is, the high-frequency resonance technique with envelope detection and the average of short-time Fourier transform. In order to test the flexibility and robustness, the monitoring performance...... is extensively studied under diverse operating conditions: different sensor locations, motor speeds, loading conditions, and data samples from different time segments. The experimental results showed the powerful capability of vibration analysis in the bearing point defect fault diagnosis. The current analysis...

  8. Application of remote monitoring and automatic control system using neural network for small wastewater treatment plants in Korea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, H; Lee, K M; Park, C H; Park, Y H

    2005-01-01

    For this study, an automatic control system has been developed by using a neural network and internet-based remote monitoring system for efficient operation of plants that have a serious variance of influent loading and have difficulties in appropriate maintenance, just like small wastewater treatment plants in Korea. In the control algorithm, ORP was used as the main sensor for control. At the point where the ORP value was judged to reach the "nitrate knee" of denitrification and phosphorus release, ORP indicated the state of lower saturation read by the neural network and then changed the operating condition from the reduction state to the oxidation state. For example, if ORP indicates the state of higher saturation at the point of "nitrogen breakpoint" or "ammonia valley" of nitrification, the neural network reads it and cuts off the oxygen supply and mixing. The dORP data have been used as one of the main input for the neural network. After the operation of lab-scale cyclic aeration process using an automatic control system, it has been found that regardless of loading variance, more than 95% of organic matters and more than 60% of nitrogen and phosphorus have been removed. Assuming that an internet-connected computer and a basic web browser are available, this study has developed a remote monitoring system that can monitor the operating status of small plants or any troubles with them. PMID:16104428

  9. Automatic monitoring system for high-steep slope in open-pit mine based on GPS and data analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Chunmei; Li, Xianfu; Qin, Sunwei; Qiu, Dandan; Wu, Yanlin; Xiao, Yun; Zhou, Jian

    2008-12-01

    Recently, GPS has been more and more applicative in open pit mine slope safety monitoring. Daye Iron Mine open pit high-steep slope automatic monitoring system mainly consists of three modules, namely, GPS data processing module, monitoring and warning module, emergency plans module. According to the rock mass structural feature and the side slope stability evaluation, it is arranged altogether to seven GPS distortion monitoring points on the sharp of Fault F9 at Daye iron Mine, adopted the combination of monofrequent static GPS receiver and data-transmission radio to carry on the observation, the data processing mainly uses three transect interpolation method to solve the questions of discontinuity and Effectiveness in the data succession. According to the displacement monitoring data from 1990 to 1996 of Daye Iron Mine East Open Pit Shizi mountain Landslide A2, researching the displacement criterion, rate criterion, acceleration criterion, creep curve tangent angle criterion etc of landslide failure, the result shows that the landslide A2 is the lapse type crag nature landslide whose movement in three phases, namely creep stage, accelerated phase, destruction stage. It is different of the failure criterion in different stages and different position that is at the rear, central, front margin of the landslide. It has important guiding significance to put forward the comprehensive failure criterion of seven new-settled monitoring points combining the slope deformation destruction and macroscopic evidence.

  10. Bluetooth Wireless Monitoring, Managing and Control for Inter Vehicle in Vehicular Ad-Hoc Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helia Mamdouhi

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: The car users expect more and more accessories available in their cars, but the accessories available needed manage by driver manually and not properly manage by smart system. All these accessories are able to control by user manually using different and standalone controllers. Besides, the controller itself uses RF technology which is not existed in mobile devices. So there is lack of a comprehensive and integrated system to manage, control and monitor all the accessories inside the vehicle by using a personal mobile phone. Design and development of an integrated system to manage and control all kind of inter vehicle accessories, improving the efficiency and functionality of inter vehicle communications for the car users. Approach: The proposed system was based on Microcontroller, Bluetooth and Java technology and in order to achieve the idea of an intelligence car with ability to uses personal mobile hand phone as a remote interface. Development strategies for this innovation are includes two phases: (1 java based application platform-designed and developed for smart phones and PDAs (2 hardware design and implementation of the receiver side-compatible smart system to managing and interconnection between all inside accessories based on monitoring and controlling mechanisms by Bluetooth media. Results: The designed system included hardware and software and the completed prototype had tested successfully on the real vehicles. During the testing stage, the components and devices were connected and implemented on the vehicle and the user by installing the system interface on a mobile phone is able to monitor and manage the vehicle accessories, the efficiency, adaptively and range of functionality of the system has proved with the various car accessories. Conclusion: This study involved design a new system to decrease the hot temperature inside a car that affecting the health of the car driver and the car driver is able to control

  11. Automatic data processing and analysis system for monitoring region around a planned nuclear power plant

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kortström, Jari; Tiira, Timo; Kaisko, Outi

    2016-03-01

    The Institute of Seismology of University of Helsinki is building a new local seismic network, called OBF network, around planned nuclear power plant in Northern Ostrobothnia, Finland. The network will consist of nine new stations and one existing station. The network should be dense enough to provide azimuthal coverage better than 180° and automatic detection capability down to ML -0.1 within a radius of 25 km from the site.The network construction work began in 2012 and the first four stations started operation at the end of May 2013. We applied an automatic seismic signal detection and event location system to a network of 13 stations consisting of the four new stations and the nearest stations of Finnish and Swedish national seismic networks. Between the end of May and December 2013 the network detected 214 events inside the predefined area of 50 km radius surrounding the planned nuclear power plant site. Of those detections, 120 were identified as spurious events. A total of 74 events were associated with known quarries and mining areas. The average location error, calculated as a difference between the announced location from environment authorities and companies and the automatic location, was 2.9 km. During the same time period eight earthquakes between magnitude range 0.1-1.0 occurred within the area. Of these seven could be automatically detected. The results from the phase 1 stations of the OBF network indicates that the planned network can achieve its goals.

  12. Autonomous Underwater Vehicle Survey Design for Monitoring Carbon Capture and Storage Sites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bull, J. M.; Cevatoglu, M.; Connelly, D.; Wright, I. C.; McPhail, S.; Shitashima, K.

    2013-12-01

    Long-term monitoring of sub-seabed Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) sites will require systems that are flexible, independent, and have long-endurance. In this presentation we will discuss the utility of autonomous underwater vehicles equipped with different sensor packages in monitoring storage sites. We will present data collected using Autosub AUV, as part of the ECO2 project, from the Sleipner area of the North Sea. The Autosub AUV was equipped with sidescan sonar, an EM2000 multibeam systems, a Chirp sub-bottom profiler, and a variety of chemical sensors. Our presentation will focus on survey design, and the simultaneous use of multiple sensor packages in environmental monitoring on the continental shelf.

  13. MODELING OF UNIFORM MOVING OF A VEHICLE EQUIPPED WITH AUTOMATICAL TRANSMISSION, BASED ON THE GEAR-LEVER VARIATOR

    OpenAIRE

    Ternyuk, N.; Krasnoshtan, A.

    2006-01-01

    The analyses of a uniform drive of a vehicle equipped with a continuonsly variable transmission fased on the gear-lever vibrator has been done a functional dependence of the parameters of a uniform drive (speed) on construction a vehicle have been analysed. The basic functional dependence between these parameters have been presented.

  14. Automatic classification of urban traffic noise onboard an acoustic monitoring system

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wessels, P.W.; Zon, A.T. van; Basten, T.G.H.

    2013-01-01

    Recent developments in acoustic monitoring systems make it possible to measure complex noise situations, like urban traffic noise, continuously. Monitoring provides more insight in the noise situation, from which more specific and (cost) effective measures can be taken. Monitoring also allows direct

  15. Design of overload vehicle monitoring and response system based on DSP

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Yan; Liu, Yiheng; Zhao, Xuefeng

    2014-03-01

    The overload vehicles are making much more damage to the road surface than the regular ones. Many roads and bridges are equipped with structural health monitoring system (SHM) to provide early-warning to these damage and evaluate the safety of road and bridge. However, because of the complex nature of SHM system, it's expensive to manufacture, difficult to install and not well-suited for the regular bridges and roads. Based on this application background, this paper designs a compact structural health monitoring system based on DSP, which is highly integrated, low-power, easy to install and inexpensive to manufacture. The designed system is made up of sensor arrays, the charge amplifier module, the DSP processing unit, the alarm system for overload, and the estimate for damage of the road and bridge structure. The signals coming from sensor arrays go through the charge amplifier. DSP processing unit will receive the amplified signals, estimate whether it is an overload signal or not, and convert analog variables into digital ones so that they are compatible with the back-end digital circuit for further processing. The system will also restrict certain vehicles that are overweight, by taking image of the car brand, sending the alarm, and transferring the collected pressure data to remote data center for further monitoring analysis by rain-flow counting method.

  16. Analysis of outdoor radon progeny concentration measured at the Spanish radioactive aerosol automatic monitoring network

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An analysis of 10-year radon progeny data, provided by the Spanish automatic radiological surveillance network, in relation to meteorology is presented. Results show great spatial variability depending mainly on the station location and thus, the surrounding radon exhalation rate. Hourly averages show the typical diurnal cycle with an early morning maximum and a minimum at noon, except for one mountain station, which shows an inverse behaviour. Monthly averaged values show lower concentrations during months with higher atmospheric instability.

  17. Research and implement of remote vehicle monitoring and early-warning system based on GPS/GPRS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Shiwu; Tian, Jingjing; Yang, Zhifa; Qiao, Feiyan

    2013-03-01

    Concerning the problem of road traffic safety, remote monitoring and early-warning of vehicle states was the key to prevent road traffic accidents and improve the transportation effectiveness. Through the embedded development technology, a remote vehicle monitoring and early-warning system was developed based on UNO2170 industrial computer of Advantech with WinCE operating system using Embedded Visual C++ (EVC), which combined with multisensor data acquisition technology, global positioning system (GPS) and general packet radio service (GPRS). It achieved the remote monitoring and early-warning of commercial vehicle. This system was installed in a CA1046L2 light truck. Through many road tests, test results showed that the system reacted rapidly for abnormal vehicle states and had stable performance.

  18. Integrating High-Resolution Taskable Imagery into a Sensorweb for Automatic Space-Based Monitoring of Flooding in Thailand

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chien, Steve; Mclaren, David; Doubleday, Joshua; Tran, Daniel; Tanpipat, Veerachai; Chitradon, Royol; Boonya-aroonnet, Surajate; Thanapakpawin, Porranee; Mandl, Daniel

    2012-01-01

    Several space-based assets (Terra, Aqua, Earth Observing One) have been integrated into a sensorweb to monitor flooding in Thailand. In this approach, the Moderate Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS) data from Terra and Aqua is used to perform broad-scale monitoring to track flooding at the regional level (250m/pixel) and EO-1 is autonomously tasked in response to alerts to acquire higher resolution (30m/pixel) Advanced Land Imager (ALI) data. This data is then automatically processed to derive products such as surface water extent and volumetric water estimates. These products are then automatically pushed to organizations in Thailand for use in damage estimation, relief efforts, and damage mitigation. More recently, this sensorweb structure has been used to request imagery, access imagery, and process high-resolution (several m to 30m), targetable asset imagery from commercial assets including Worldview-2, Ikonos, Radarsat-2, Landsat-7, and Geo-Eye-1. We describe the overall sensorweb framework as well as new workflows and products made possible via these extensions.

  19. Automatic topology recognition and network monitoring based on FreeBSD

    OpenAIRE

    Macek, Petr

    2013-01-01

    The goal of the Bachelor Thesis is the creation of system tool for topology recognition and following LAN monitoring. This tool will be built on OS FreeBSD and formed like bootable image suitable for running from the USB stick. Besides the lower layers protocols TCP/IP, the protocol SNMP will be used for topology recognition and network monitoring. The tool will monitor state, network transmissions and other values at active network components too. Communication with the user will be realized...

  20. A Novel Series Connected Batteries State of High Voltage Safety Monitor System for Electric Vehicle Application

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qiang Jiaxi

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Batteries, as the main or assistant power source of EV (Electric Vehicle, are usually connected in series with high voltage to improve the drivability and energy efficiency. Today, more and more batteries are connected in series with high voltage, if there is any fault in high voltage system (HVS, the consequence is serious and dangerous. Therefore, it is necessary to monitor the electric parameters of HVS to ensure the high voltage safety and protect personal safety. In this study, a high voltage safety monitor system is developed to solve this critical issue. Four key electric parameters including precharge, contact resistance, insulation resistance, and remaining capacity are monitored and analyzed based on the equivalent models presented in this study. The high voltage safety controller which integrates the equivalent models and control strategy is developed. By the help of hardware-in-loop system, the equivalent models integrated in the high voltage safety controller are validated, and the online electric parameters monitor strategy is analyzed and discussed. The test results indicate that the high voltage safety monitor system designed in this paper is suitable for EV application.

  1. Using Autonomous Underwater Vehicles as Sensor Platforms for Ice-Monitoring

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petter Norgren

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Due to the receding sea-ice extent in the Arctic, and the potentially large undiscovered petroleum resources present north of the Arctic circle, offshore activities in ice-infested waters are increasing. Due to the presence of drifting sea-ice and icebergs, ice management (IM becomes an important part of the offshore operation, and an important part of an IM system is the ability to reliably monitor the ice conditions. An autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV has a unique capability of high underwater spatial and temporal coverage, making it suitable for monitoring applications. Since the first Arctic AUV deployment in 1972, AUV technology has matured and has been used in complex under-ice operations. This paper motivates the use of AUVs as an ice-monitoring sensor platform. It discusses relevant sensor capabilities and challenges related to communication and navigation. This paper also presents experiences from a field campaign that took place in Ny-Aalesund at Svalbard in January 2014, where a REMUS 100 AUV was used for sea-floor mapping and collection of oceanographic parameters. Based on this, we discuss the experiences related to using AUVs for ice-monitoring. We conclude that AUVs are highly applicable for ice-monitoring, but further research is needed.

  2. Therapeutic concordance of two portable monitors and two routine automatic oral anticoagulant monitoring systems using as reference the manual prothrombin time technique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vacas, Marta; Lafuente, Pedro José; Unanue, Iciar; Santos, Mónica; Iriarte, Jose Antonio

    2003-01-01

    Two models of capillary blood prothrombin time (PT) monitoring systems were evaluated for analytical performance and then compared with two routine PT systems using the reference manual technique and a high-sensitivity thromboplastin. Two sets of 60 and 80 plasmas were analyzed from anticoagulated patients stabilized over 3 months in an INR range 2-3.5 for therapy. Capillary PT determination was performed in two portable monitors, CoaguChek S and CoaguChek PT (Roche Diagnostics), and plasma automatic methods were Neoplastine/STA (Diagnostics Stago) and PT-FibrinogenHsPlus/ACL7000 (Instrumental Laboratories). Thromboplastin Bilbao (TBi), an in-house high-sensitivity rabbit thromboplastin (ISI=1.08), recommended as the reference reagent by an External Spanish Oral Anticoagulant Quality Assessment, was used in the PT manual technique. The two monitors' coefficients of correlation with the reference system were 0.74 for CoaguChek S and 0.81 for CoaguChek PT. The automatic routine systems showed a correlation of 0.92 (Neoplastine/STA) and 0.91 (PT-FbHsPlus/ACL7000). Clinical agreement expressed as the percentage of simple correlation ranged between 75.0% (CoaguChek S) and 88.9% (Neoplastine/STA). The systems having the best kappa index with the manual technique were CoaguChek PT (71.9%) and the Neoplastine/STA system (73%). The routine PT management systems exhibited better correlation and percentage of concordance when using the TBi/manual technique than did the portable monitors, which moreover performed unequally in this regard.

  3. Vehicle License Plate Recognition Syst

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meenakshi,R. B. Dubey

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The vehicle license plate recognition system has greater efficiency for vehicle monitoring in automatic zone access control. This Plate recognition system will avoid special tags, since all vehicles possess a unique registration number plate. A number of techniques have been used for car plate characters recognition. This system uses neural network character recognition and pattern matching of characters as two character recognition techniques. In this approach multilayer feed-forward back-propagation algorithm is used. The performance of the proposed algorithm has been tested on several car plates and provides very satisfactory results.

  4. On-Road Driver Monitoring System Based on a Solar-Powered In-Vehicle Embedded Platform

    OpenAIRE

    Yen-Lin Chen; Chao-Wei Yu; Zi-Jie Chien; Chin-Hsuan Liu; Hsin-Han Chiang

    2014-01-01

    This study presents an on-road driver monitoring system, which is implemented on a stand-alone in-vehicle embedded system and driven by effective solar cells. The driver monitoring function is performed by an efficient eye detection technique. Through the driver’s eye movements captured from the camera, the attention states of the driver can be determined and any fatigue states can be avoided. This driver monitoring technique is implemented on a low-power embedded in-vehicle platform. Besides...

  5. Novel compact panomorph lens based vision system for monitoring around a vehicle

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thibault, Simon

    2008-04-01

    Automotive applications are one of the largest vision-sensor market segments and one of the fastest growing ones. The trend to use increasingly more sensors in cars is driven both by legislation and consumer demands for higher safety and better driving experiences. Awareness of what directly surrounds a vehicle affects safe driving and manoeuvring of a vehicle. Consequently, panoramic 360° Field of View imaging can contributes most to the perception of the world around the driver than any other sensors. However, to obtain a complete vision around the car, several sensor systems are necessary. To solve this issue, a customized imaging system based on a panomorph lens will provide the maximum information for the drivers with a reduced number of sensors. A panomorph lens is a hemispheric wide angle anamorphic lens with enhanced resolution in predefined zone of interest. Because panomorph lenses are optimized to a custom angle-to-pixel relationship, vision systems provide ideal image coverage that reduces and optimizes the processing. We present various scenarios which may benefit from the use of a custom panoramic sensor. We also discuss the technical requirements of such vision system. Finally we demonstrate how the panomorph based visual sensor is probably one of the most promising ways to fuse many sensors in one. For example, a single panoramic sensor on the front of a vehicle could provide all necessary information for assistance in crash avoidance, lane tracking, early warning, park aids, road sign detection, and various video monitoring views.

  6. ON-BOARD MONITORING OF TECHNICAL STATE FOR POWER UNITS OF WHEELED AND TRACKED VEHICLES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu. D. Karpievich

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper considers new methodologies pertaining to on-board diagnosis of wear-out rate for friction linings of a clutch driven disk and friction discs of a hydraulic press clutch of transmission gear boxes which are based on physical process that uses friction work as an integrated indicator. A new methodology in determination of life-span rate for engine oil has been developed in the paper. The paper presents block schematic diagrams for on-board monitoring of technical state for power units of wheeled and tracked vehicles. Usage of friction work as an integrated indicator for determination of wear-out rate for friction linings of clutch driven disk and friction discs of a haydraulic press clutch makes it possible timely at any operational period of wheeled and tracked vehicles to determine their residual operation life and forecast their replacement.While taking volume of the used fuel for determination of engine oil life-span rate it permits quickly and effectively at any operational period of wheeled and tracked vehicles to determine residual useful life of the engine oil and also forecast its replacement.

  7. Diagnostics monitor of the braking efficiency in the on board diagnostics system for the motor vehicles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gajek, Andrzej

    2016-09-01

    The article presents diagnostics monitor for control of the efficiency of brakes in various road conditions in cars equipped with pressure sensor in brake (ESP) system. Now the brake efficiency of the vehicles is estimated periodically in the stand conditions on the base of brake forces measurement or in the road conditions on the base of the brake deceleration. The presented method allows to complete the stand - periodical tests of the brakes by current on board diagnostics system OBD for brakes. First part of the article presents theoretical dependences between deceleration of the vehicle and brake pressure. The influence of the vehicle mass, initial speed of braking, temperature of brakes, aerodynamic drag, rolling resistance, engine resistance, state of the road surface, angle of the road sloping on the deceleration have been analysed. The manner of the appointed of these parameters has been analysed. The results of the initial investigation have been presented. At the end of the article the strategy of the estimation and signalization of the irregular value of the deceleration are presented.

  8. Automatic laser beam alignment using blob detection for an environment monitoring spectroscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khidir, Jarjees; Chen, Youhua; Anderson, Gary

    2013-05-01

    This paper describes a fully automated system to align an infra-red laser beam with a small retro-reflector over a wide range of distances. The component development and test were especially used for an open-path spectrometer gas detection system. Using blob detection under OpenCV library, an automatic alignment algorithm was designed to achieve fast and accurate target detection in a complex background environment. Test results are presented to show that the proposed algorithm has been successfully applied to various target distances and environment conditions.

  9. Analysis of Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) hyperspectral remote sensing monitoring key technology in coastal wetland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Yi; Zhang, Jie; Zhang, Jingyu

    2016-01-01

    The coastal wetland, a transitional zone between terrestrial ecosystems and marine ecosystems, is the type of great value to ecosystem services. For the recent 3 decades, area of the coastal wetland is decreasing and the ecological function is gradually degraded with the rapid development of economy, which restricts the sustainable development of economy and society in the coastal areas of China in turn. It is a major demand of the national reality to carry out the monitoring of coastal wetlands, to master the distribution and dynamic change. UAV, namely unmanned aerial vehicle, is a new platform for remote sensing. Compared with the traditional satellite and manned aerial remote sensing, it has the advantage of flexible implementation, no cloud cover, strong initiative and low cost. Image-spectrum merging is one character of high spectral remote sensing. At the same time of imaging, the spectral curve of each pixel is obtained, which is suitable for quantitative remote sensing, fine classification and target detection. Aimed at the frontier and hotspot of remote sensing monitoring technology, and faced the demand of the coastal wetland monitoring, this paper used UAV and the new remote sensor of high spectral imaging instrument to carry out the analysis of the key technologies of monitoring coastal wetlands by UAV on the basis of the current situation in overseas and domestic and the analysis of developing trend. According to the characteristic of airborne hyperspectral data on UAV, that is "three high and one many", the key technology research that should develop are promoted as follows: 1) the atmosphere correction of the UAV hyperspectral in coastal wetlands under the circumstance of complex underlying surface and variable geometry, 2) the best observation scale and scale transformation method of the UAV platform while monitoring the coastal wetland features, 3) the classification and detection method of typical features with high precision from multi scale

  10. GSM Web-Based Centralized Remote Wireless Automatic Controlling and Monitoring of Aquafeeder

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, C. L.; Idris, A.; Hasan, Z.

    2016-03-01

    This project is about producing a prototype to feed fishes at fish ponds of remote location with the use of GSM mobile phone. An automatic fish feeder is an electric device that has been designed to give out the right amount of pellets at the designed time. In this project, the automatic feeder designed consists of photovoltaic solar cells that are used to generate electricity and storing it into batteries. Solar charge controllers can be used to determine the rate of which current is drawn and added from the batteries. GSM cellular communication is used to allow user to control from a distance. Commands or instructions are sent to the operating system which in return runs the servomotor and blower by blowing certain amount of fish pallets into the pond to feed the fishes. The duration of the feeding processes is fixed by the user, hence the amount of fish food pallets released are precisely the same for each time. This technology is especially useful for fish farmers where they can remotely feed their fishes.

  11. A Pure-Python Robust Frequency Band Automatic Phase Picker for Seismic Monitoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, C.; Holland, A. A.

    2013-12-01

    We modify the FPPICK algorithm of Lomax et al. (2012) and implement an automatic phase picking algorithm implemented in Python. The algorithm takes advantage of existing seismological Python libraries, Obspy. The algorithm is designed to work on a variety of instrumentation and automatically adapts to different sampling rates. The time series signals are band-pass filtered for each band, octave, considered within the picker algorithm. The energy of the signal is calculated over an averaging window and multiplied by the instantaneous energy of the signal. This energy time-series is the statistic we can then examine for each frequency band considered. The summary statistic, which allows the identification of a trigger, is simply the maximum value of any frequency bands energy statistic at each sample time. A trigger is identified by using a control chart type statistic to identify when our statistics summary is changing rapidly and exceeds a specified number of standard deviations from the mean of the summary energy statistic. This has the advantage that the picker parameters don't necessarily need to be modified when processing data from a wide variety of instrumentation with different response characteristics. The algorithm also contains a method to determine the first motion direction associated with a pick as well as an uncertainty for the pick. As with any automatic phase identification system false picks can and do occur. A few simple algorithms are implemented to avoid false-picks, the picker can be configured not to include these checks. These algorithms remove picks that occur very close in time, and picks for which a phase has a smaller RMS than the previous time interval. The algorithm uses many techniques within Numpy to improve computation times. The algorithm effectively picks both P- and S-phase from local and regional earthquakes with only small amounts of picker parameter modifications. The picker can pick both P and S phases on local and regional

  12. Face pose estimation with automatic 3D model creation for a driver inattention monitoring application

    OpenAIRE

    Jiménez Molina, Pedro

    2011-01-01

    Texto en inglés y resumen en inglés y español Recent studies have identified inattention (including distraction and drowsiness) as the main cause of accidents, being responsible of at least 25% of them. Driving distraction has been less studied, since it is more diverse and exhibits a higher risk factor than fatigue. In addition, it is present over half of the inattention involved crashes. The increased presence of In Vehicle Information Systems (IVIS) adds to the potential distraction ris...

  13. Nitrogen dioxide monitoring with an automatic DOAS station at Terra Nova Bay, Antarctica

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ravegnani, Fabrizio; Kostadinov, Ivan K.; Giovanelli, Giorgio

    1998-08-01

    During the last few years UV-Vis spectrometers were developed at the FISBAT Institute and are used for application of differential optical absorption spectroscopy method to detect many atmospheric trace gases playing important roles in the stratospheric chemistry. After several test both in laboratory and in Antarctic region, one of the spectrometers, called GASCOD2/2, was modified in collaboration with ENEA for unattended and automatic measurement in extreme high-latitude environment. The instrument was installed in December 1995 in the Italian Station at Terra Nova Bay. The aim of this research is to study the dentrification processes during the formation of the so-called ozone hole over the Antarctic region. The preliminary results for the first year of nitrogen dioxide measurement are presented and discussed.

  14. An autonomous unmanned aerial vehicle sensing system for structural health monitoring of bridges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reagan, Daniel; Sabato, Alessandro; Niezrecki, Christopher; Yu, Tzuyang; Wilson, Richard

    2016-04-01

    As civil infrastructure (i.e. bridges, railways, and tunnels) continues to age; the frequency and need to perform inspection more quickly on a broader scale increases. Traditional inspection and monitoring techniques (e.g., visual inspection, mechanical sounding, rebound hammer, cover meter, electrical potential measurements, ultrasound, and ground penetrating radar) may produce inconsistent results, require lane closure, are labor intensive and time-consuming. Therefore, new structural health monitoring systems must be developed that are automated, highly accurate, minimally invasive, and cost effective. Three-dimensional (3D) digital image correlation (DIC) systems have the merits of extracting full-field strain, deformation, and geometry profiles. These profiles can then be stitched together to generate a complete integrity map of the area of interest. Concurrently, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) have emerged as valuable resources for positioning sensing equipment where it is either difficult to measure or poses a risk to human safety. UAVs have the capability to expedite the optical-based measurement process, offer increased accessibility, and reduce interference with local traffic. Within this work, an autonomous unmanned aerial vehicle in conjunction with 3D DIC was developed for monitoring bridges. The capabilities of the proposed system are demonstrated in both laboratory measurements and data collected from bridges currently in service. Potential measurement influences from platform instability, rotor vibration and positioning inaccuracy are also studied in a controlled environment. The results of these experiments show that the combination of autonomous flight with 3D DIC and other non-contact measurement systems provides a valuable and effective civil inspection platform.

  15. Standard Practice for Sampling Gas Blow Down Systems and Components for Particulate Contamination by Automatic Particle Monitor Method

    CERN Document Server

    American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

    2008-01-01

    1.1 This practice describes how to connect, prepare, and sample pressurized gas systems (having up to 19.1-mm (0.75-in.) diameter lines) for particulate contamination by using an automatic monitor. 1.2 The values stated in MKS units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For hazard statements, see Section 5.

  16. Cloud-Based Smart Health Monitoring System for Automatic Cardiovascular and Fall Risk Assessment in Hypertensive Patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Melillo, P; Orrico, A; Scala, P; Crispino, F; Pecchia, L

    2015-10-01

    The aim of this paper is to describe the design and the preliminary validation of a platform developed to collect and automatically analyze biomedical signals for risk assessment of vascular events and falls in hypertensive patients. This m-health platform, based on cloud computing, was designed to be flexible, extensible, and transparent, and to provide proactive remote monitoring via data-mining functionalities. A retrospective study was conducted to train and test the platform. The developed system was able to predict a future vascular event within the next 12 months with an accuracy rate of 84 % and to identify fallers with an accuracy rate of 72 %. In an ongoing prospective trial, almost all the recruited patients accepted favorably the system with a limited rate of inadherences causing data losses (risk assessment of vascular events and falls. PMID:26276015

  17. Process monitoring using automatic physical measurement based on electrical and physical variability analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shauly, Eitan N.; Levi, Shimon; Schwarzband, Ishai; Adan, Ofer; Latinsky, Sergey

    2015-04-01

    A fully automated silicon-based methodology for systematic analysis of electrical features is shown. The system was developed for process monitoring and electrical variability reduction. A mapping step was created by dedicated structures such as static-random-access-memory (SRAM) array or standard cell library, or by using a simple design rule checking run-set. The resulting database was then used as an input for choosing locations for critical dimension scanning electron microscope images and for specific layout parameter extraction then was input to SPICE compact modeling simulation. Based on the experimental data, we identified two items that must be checked and monitored using the method described here: transistor's sensitivity to the distance between the poly end cap and edge of active area (AA) due to AA rounding, and SRAM leakage due to a too close N-well to P-well. Based on this example, for process monitoring and variability analyses, we extensively used this method to analyze transistor gates having different shapes. In addition, analysis for a large area of high density standard cell library was done. Another set of monitoring focused on a high density SRAM array is also presented. These examples provided information on the poly and AA layers, using transistor parameters such as leakage current and drive current. We successfully define "robust" and "less-robust" transistor configurations included in the library and identified unsymmetrical transistors in the SRAM bit-cells. These data were compared to data extracted from the same devices at the end of the line. Another set of analyses was done to samples after Cu M1 etch. Process monitoring information on M1 enclosed contact was extracted based on contact resistance as a feedback. Guidelines for the optimal M1 space for different layout configurations were also extracted. All these data showed the successful in-field implementation of our methodology as a useful process monitoring method.

  18. Networking Multiple Autonomous Air and Ocean Vehicles for Oceanographic Research and Monitoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGillivary, P. A.; Borges de Sousa, J.; Rajan, K.

    2013-12-01

    Autonomous underwater and surface vessels (AUVs and ASVs) are coming into wider use as components of oceanographic research, including ocean observing systems. Unmanned airborne vehicles (UAVs) are now available at modest cost, allowing multiple UAVs to be deployed with multiple AUVs and ASVs. For optimal use good communication and coordination among vehicles is essential. We report on the use of multiple AUVs networked in communication with multiple UAVs. The UAVs are augmented by inferential reasoning software developed at MBARI that allows UAVs to recognize oceanographic fronts and change their navigation and control. This in turn allows UAVs to automatically to map frontal features, as well as to direct AUVs and ASVs to proceed to such features and conduct sampling via onboard sensors to provide validation for airborne mapping. ASVs can also act as data nodes for communication between UAVs and AUVs, as well as collecting data from onboard sensors, while AUVs can sample the water column vertically. This allows more accurate estimation of phytoplankton biomass and productivity, and can be used in conjunction with UAV sampling to determine air-sea flux of gases (e.g. CO2, CH4, DMS) affecting carbon budgets and atmospheric composition. In particular we describe tests in July 2013 conducted off Sesimbra, Portugal in conjunction with the Portuguese Navy by the University of Porto and MBARI with the goal of tracking large fish in the upper water column with coordinated air/surface/underwater measurements. A thermal gradient was observed in the infrared by a low flying UAV, which was used to dispatch an AUV to obtain ground truth to demonstrate the event-response capabilities using such autonomous platforms. Additional field studies in the future will facilitate integration of multiple unmanned systems into research vessel operations. The strength of hardware and software tools described in this study is to permit fundamental oceanographic measurements of both ocean

  19. Automatic semi-continuous accumulation chamber for diffuse gas emissions monitoring in volcanic and non-volcanic areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lelli, Matteo; Raco, Brunella; Norelli, Francesco; Virgili, Giorgio; Continanza, Davide

    2016-04-01

    Since various decades the accumulation chamber method is intensively used in monitoring activities of diffuse gas emissions in volcanic areas. Although some improvements have been performed in terms of sensitivity and reproducibility of the detectors, the equipment used for measurement of gas emissions temporal variation usually requires expensive and bulky equipment. The unit described in this work is a low cost, easy to install-and-manage instrument that will make possible the creation of low-cost monitoring networks. The Non-Dispersive Infrared detector used has a concentration range of 0-5% CO2, but the substitution with other detector (range 0-5000 ppm) is possible and very easy. Power supply unit has a 12V, 7Ah battery, which is recharged by a 35W solar panel (equipped with charge regulator). The control unit contains a custom programmed CPU and the remote transmission is assured by a GPRS modem. The chamber is activated by DataLogger unit, using a linear actuator between the closed position (sampling) and closed position (idle). A probe for the measure of soil temperature, soil electrical conductivity, soil volumetric water content, air pressure and air temperature is assembled on the device, which is already arranged for the connection of others external sensors, including an automatic weather station. The automatic station has been tested on the field at Lipari island (Sicily, Italy) during a period of three months, performing CO2 flux measurement (and also weather parameters), each 1 hour. The possibility to measure in semi-continuous mode, and at the same time, the gas fluxes from soil and many external parameters, helps the time series analysis aimed to the identification of gas flux anomalies due to variations in deep system (e.g. onset of volcanic crises) from those triggered by external conditions.

  20. Research of brain-computer interface automatic vehicle system based on SSVEP%基于SSVEP的脑-机接口自动车系统研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵丽; 孙永; 马彦臻; 何洋

    2011-01-01

    This paper mainly carried out proposes the research of SSVEP brain-computer interface automatic vehicle control systems,which describes the principles of the visual evoked potentials that used in brain-computer interface,and the single-chip is used to designs visual stimulation. Base on the LABVIEW platform, it also uses Hilbert Huang Transform to extract evoked potential vector continuously,which produces brain-computer interface control signals that can be applied to automatic vehicle control system to control the car around before and after exercise. According to a lot of experiments to verify,this sistem can send out the control commands that the correct rate is higher than 83% and can also send a command less than 5 seconds compared with the average time based on SSVEP,so it proves that the system is feasible and has a high application value.%阐述了视觉诱发电位用于脑-机接口的原理,系统采用单片机设计视觉刺激器,同时在LABVIEW平台上,利用希尔伯特黄变换实时提取诱发电位向量,产生脑机接口控制信号,并用于自动车控制系统,从而控制小车的前后左右运动.通过大量实验验证,设计的基于稳态视觉诱发电位的脑-机接口自动车控制系统,发送控制命令正确率高于83%,发送一个命令的平均时间低于5 s,证明该系统的方案是可行的,具有较高的应用价值.

  1. The Long-Term Settlement Deformation Automatic Monitoring System for the Chinese High-Speed Railway

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xu Wang

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The Beijing-Shanghai high-speed railway is one of the milestones of China’s high-speed railway development and its security plays a significant role in China’s economic and social development. However, the evaluation methods used for large-scale security operations and important infrastructure systems, such as the high-speed railways, are discrete and nonlinear; thus they cannot issue emergency warnings in a timely manner. The emergence of optical fiber sensing technology can solve this problem. This technology has progressed rapidly in its application to the monitoring of railway security and it has attracted much attention within the industry. This study considers the newly built passenger railway line between Shijiazhuang and Jinan as an example. The web-based, all-in-one fiber Bragg grating static level is described as well as a set of online monitoring systems, which is automated, real-time, remote, visual, and adaptable to the standards of the Beijing-Shanghai high-speed railway. According to our theoretical analysis, the planned automated monitoring of settlement deformation for the Beijing-Shanghai high-speed railway and the real-time analysis and calculation of monitoring data can ensure the operational security of this section of China’s high-speed railway system.

  2. Modularity, adaptability and evolution in the AUTOPIA architecture for control of autonomous vehicles. Updating Mechatronics of Automatic Cars

    OpenAIRE

    Pérez Rastelli, Joshué; González, Carlos; Milanés, Vicente; Onieva, Enrique; Godoy, Jorge; Pedro, Teresa de

    2009-01-01

    International audience Computer systems to carry out control algorithms on autonomous vehicles have been developed in recent years. However, the advances in peripheral devices allow connecting the actuator controllers to the control system by means of standard communication links (USB, CAN, Ethernet ... ).The goal is to permit the use of standard computers. In this paper, we present the evolution of AUTOPIA architecture and its modularity and adaptability to move the old system based on IS...

  3. Automatic data-quality monitoring for continuous GPS tracking stations in Taiwan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yeh, T. K.; Wang, C. S.; Chao, B. F.; Chen, C. S.; Lee, C. W.

    2007-10-01

    Taiwan has more than 300 Global Positioning System (GPS) tracking stations maintained by the Ministry of the Interior (MOI), Academia Sinica, the Central Weather Bureau and the Central Geological Survey. In the future, GPS tracking stations may replace the GPS control points after being given a legal status. Hence, the data quality of the tracking stations is an increasingly significant factor. This study considers the feasibility of establishing a system for monitoring GPS receivers. This investigation employs many data-quality indices and examines the relationship of these indices and the positioning precision. The frequency stability of the GPS receiver is the most important index; the cycle slip is the second index and the multipath is the third index. An auto-analytical system for analysing GPS data quality and monitoring the MOI's tracking stations can quickly find and resolve problems, or changes in station environment, to maintain high data quality for the tracking stations.

  4. Calculation of neutron die-away times in a large-vehicle portal monitor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Monte Carlo methods have been used to calculate neutron die-away times in a large-vehicle portal monitor. These calculations were performed to investigate the adequacy of using neutron die-away time measurements to detect the clandestine movement of shielded nuclear materials. The geometry consisted of a large tunnel lined with He3 proportional counters. The time behavior of the (n,p) capture reaction in these counters was calculated when the tunnel contained a number of different tractor-trailer load configurations. Neutron die-away times obtained from weighted least squares fits to these data were compared. The change in neutron die-away time due to the replacement of cargo in a fully loaded truck with a spherical shell containing 240 kg of borated polyethylene was calculated to be less than 3%. This result together with the overall behavior of neutron die-away time versus mass inside the tunnel strongly suggested that measurements of this type will not provide a reliable means of detecting shielded nuclear materials in a large vehicle. 5 figures, 4 tables

  5. Mathematical model of unmanned aerial vehicle used for endurance autonomous monitoring

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chelaru, Teodor-Viorel, E-mail: teodor.chelaru@upb.ro [University POLITEHNICA of Bucharest - Research Center for Aeronautics and Space, Str. Gheorghe Polizu, no. 1, PC 011061, Sector 1, Bucharest (Romania); Chelaru, Adrian, E-mail: achelaru@incas.ro [INCAS -National Institute for Aerospace Research Elie Carafoli, B-dul Iuliu Maniu 220, 061126, Sector 6, Bucharest (Romania)

    2014-12-10

    The paper purpose is to present some aspects regarding the control system of unmanned aerial vehicle - UAV, used to local observations, surveillance and monitoring interest area. The calculus methodology allows a numerical simulation of UAV evolution in bad atmospheric conditions by using nonlinear model, as well as a linear one for obtaining guidance command. The UAV model which will be presented has six DOF (degrees of freedom), and autonomous control system. This theoretical development allows us to build stability matrix, command matrix and control matrix and finally to analyse the stability of autonomous UAV flight. A robust guidance system, based on uncoupled state will be evaluated for different fly conditions and the results will be presented. The flight parameters and guidance will be analysed.

  6. Mathematical model of unmanned aerial vehicle used for endurance autonomous monitoring

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper purpose is to present some aspects regarding the control system of unmanned aerial vehicle - UAV, used to local observations, surveillance and monitoring interest area. The calculus methodology allows a numerical simulation of UAV evolution in bad atmospheric conditions by using nonlinear model, as well as a linear one for obtaining guidance command. The UAV model which will be presented has six DOF (degrees of freedom), and autonomous control system. This theoretical development allows us to build stability matrix, command matrix and control matrix and finally to analyse the stability of autonomous UAV flight. A robust guidance system, based on uncoupled state will be evaluated for different fly conditions and the results will be presented. The flight parameters and guidance will be analysed

  7. Automatic underwater radiotelemetry system to monitor temperature responses of fish in a freshwater environment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Prepejchal, W.; Thommes, M.M.; Spigarelli, S.A.; Haumann, J.R.; Hess, P.E.

    1980-11-01

    An automated radiotelemetry system developed to monitor body and water temperature of free-swimming fish is described. The receiving and data acquisition unit can be programmed to monitor as many as 16 transmitters (fish); each transmitter can time-multiply data from up to 9 resistive transducers. A typical transmitter with saddle-type attachment, suitable for fish weighing 1 to over 10 kg, has a submerged weight of less than 10 g. The typical range is 2700 m for fish 1 m below the surface. Complete schematics and operational logic are provided for the receiver and data processing printed circuit boards, for 3 types of fish transmitters, and for an environmental parameter monitor. Construction methods, calibration and tagging procedures, and the required computer programs are detailed. This system was in operation for 3 years at the Point Beach Nuclear Power Plant, Two Creeks, Wisconsin. Of the 89 fish tagged, 77 fish provided useable body and water temperature information with tracking times ranging from 0.5 to 505 hours. Modifications which would further improve the system's reliability are discussed.

  8. Design of Wireless Sensor Network-Based Greenhouse Environment Monitoring and Automatic Control System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yongxian Song

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available  In view of the characteristics of greenhouse environment monitoring system, a system scheme based on wireless sensor network (WSN is presented, which adopts Atmega128L chip and CC2530 that is a low power RF chip from TI to design the sink node and sensor nodes in the WSN. The monitoring and management center can control the temperature and humidity of the greenhouse, measure the carbon dioxide content, and collect the information about intensity of illumination, and so on. And the system adopts multilevel energy memory. It combines energy management with energy transfer, which makes the energy collected by solar energy batteries be used reasonably. Therefore, the self-managing energy supply system is established. In addition, the nodes deployment method and time synchronization problem are analyzed in detail. The system can solve the problem of complex cabling with the advantages of low power consumption, low cost, good robustness, extended flexible and high reliability. An effective tool is provided for monitoring and analysis decision-making of the greenhouse environment.

  9. 36 CFR 212.57 - Monitoring of effects of motor vehicle use on designated roads and trails and in designated areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... motor vehicle use on designated roads and trails and in designated areas. 212.57 Section 212.57 Parks... Roads, Trails, and Areas for Motor Vehicle Use § 212.57 Monitoring of effects of motor vehicle use on designated roads and trails and in designated areas. For each administrative unit of the National...

  10. Automatic Threshold Setting and Its Uncertainty Quantification in Wind Turbine Condition Monitoring System

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Marhadi, Kun Saptohartyadi; Skrimpas, Georgios Alexandros

    2015-01-01

    Setting optimal alarm thresholds in vibration based condition monitoring system is inherently difficult. There are no established thresholds for many vibration based measurements. Most of the time, the thresholds are set based on statistics of the collected data available. Often times...... not represent the whole operating conditions of a turbine, which results in uncertainty in the parameters of the fitted probability distribution and the thresholds calculated. In this study, Johnson, Normal, and Weibull distributions are investigated; which distribution can best fit vibration data collected...

  11. ARH_Db_Tuner: The GUI Tool to Monitor and Diagnose the SGA Parameters Automatically

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hitesh KUMAR SHARMA

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Database administrators should be aware of resource usages to maintain database system performance. As database applications become more complex and diverse, managing database systems becomes too costly and prone to error. Autonomic database tuning becomes more important than ever. One of the major issues to address in regards to ORACLE database performance is the size of the database. The bulk of the information consists of a large number of records, contained in many tables, each ranging from thousands of rows. There are many factors that can have direct effects on the performance of the database. CPU, Memory, Network, Disk I/O are among other factors. In order to make a database up and run efficiently, each factor must be addresses carefully, and the best tuning strategy must be applied for optimum performance. ORACLE performance issues are complex, and for a DBA, there is a large number of values to monitor and examine in order to decide on best tuning strategy. The aim of the work behind this paper was to design and implement a Database Performance Tuning Measurement Toolkit for ORACLE Database Servers working on MS-Windows platforms. This system is called ARH_Db_Tuner*. This system is the advance version of ORACLE Performance Monitoring Toolkit [19] (OPMT for short. Some of the future aspects of OPMT have been implemented in ARH_Db_Tuner. It is used for testing, analysis and reporting of the database performance.

  12. Fully automatic flow-based device for monitoring of drug permeation across a cell monolayer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zelená, Lucie; Marques, Sara S; Segundo, Marcela A; Miró, Manuel; Pávek, Petr; Sklenářová, Hana; Solich, Petr

    2016-01-01

    A novel flow-programming setup based on the sequential injection principle is herein proposed for on-line monitoring of temporal events in cell permeation studies. The permeation unit consists of a Franz cell with its basolateral compartment mixed under mechanical agitation and thermostated at 37 °C. The apical compartment is replaced by commercially available Transwell inserts with a precultivated cell monolayer. The transport of drug substances across epithelial cells genetically modified with the P-glycoprotein membrane transporter (MDCKII-MDR1) is monitored on-line using rhodamine 123 as a fluorescent marker. The permeation kinetics of the marker is obtained in a fully automated mode by sampling minute volumes of solution from the basolateral compartment in short intervals (10 min) up to 4 h. The effect of a P-glycoprotein transporter inhibitor, verapamil as a model drug, on the efficiency of the marker transport across the cell monolayer is thoroughly investigated. The analytical features of the proposed flow method for cell permeation studies in real time are critically compared against conventional batch-wise procedures and microfluidic devices. PMID:26615589

  13. The interplay between uncertainty monitoring and working memory: Can metacognition become automatic?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coutinho, Mariana V C; Redford, Joshua S; Church, Barbara A; Zakrzewski, Alexandria C; Couchman, Justin J; Smith, J David

    2015-10-01

    The uncertainty response has grounded the study of metacognition in nonhuman animals. Recent research has explored the processes supporting uncertainty monitoring in monkeys. It has revealed that uncertainty responding, in contrast to perceptual responding, depends on significant working memory resources. The aim of the present study was to expand this research by examining whether uncertainty monitoring is also working memory demanding in humans. To explore this issue, human participants were tested with or without a cognitive load on a psychophysical discrimination task that included either an uncertainty response (allowing the participant to decline difficult trials) or a middle-perceptual response (labeling the same intermediate trial levels). The results demonstrated that cognitive load reduced uncertainty responding, but increased middle responding. However, this dissociation between uncertainty and middle responding was only observed when participants either lacked training or had very little training with the uncertainty response. If more training was provided, the effect of load was small. These results suggest that uncertainty responding is resource demanding, but with sufficient training, human participants can respond to uncertainty either by using minimal working memory resources or by effectively sharing resources. These results are discussed in relation to the literature on animal and human metacognition.

  14. The interplay between uncertainty monitoring and working memory: Can metacognition become automatic?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coutinho, Mariana V C; Redford, Joshua S; Church, Barbara A; Zakrzewski, Alexandria C; Couchman, Justin J; Smith, J David

    2015-10-01

    The uncertainty response has grounded the study of metacognition in nonhuman animals. Recent research has explored the processes supporting uncertainty monitoring in monkeys. It has revealed that uncertainty responding, in contrast to perceptual responding, depends on significant working memory resources. The aim of the present study was to expand this research by examining whether uncertainty monitoring is also working memory demanding in humans. To explore this issue, human participants were tested with or without a cognitive load on a psychophysical discrimination task that included either an uncertainty response (allowing the participant to decline difficult trials) or a middle-perceptual response (labeling the same intermediate trial levels). The results demonstrated that cognitive load reduced uncertainty responding, but increased middle responding. However, this dissociation between uncertainty and middle responding was only observed when participants either lacked training or had very little training with the uncertainty response. If more training was provided, the effect of load was small. These results suggest that uncertainty responding is resource demanding, but with sufficient training, human participants can respond to uncertainty either by using minimal working memory resources or by effectively sharing resources. These results are discussed in relation to the literature on animal and human metacognition. PMID:25971878

  15. Development of a Real-Time Smoke Belching Monitoring System for Public Utility Vehicles (PUV via GSM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nelson C. Rodelas

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The Development of a Real-Time-Based Smoke Belching Monitoring System for Public Utility Vehicle is designed in order to monitor smoke belchers or violators among public utility vehicles (PUV that uses diesel such as jeepneys or buses. The concept of the project is to measure the opacity of the smoke being emitted by the PUV with the use of a predesigned sensor unit incorporated by Light Dependent Resistor Sensor and Light Source facing each other, 4 inches apart. By allowing the smoke to pass through the LDR and Light Source, the desired resistance is acquired and processed by the microcontroller to obtain the Light Absorption Coefficient. This value is the basis for being a smoke belcher (If it exceeds 2.5 k. The system then sends the data (Plate Number and K -value for every one (1 hour to the Database System and to the operator with the aid of GSM Microcontroller that leads to a real time monitoring. The system is possible to implement and has a potential to be used for emission testing centers since it has the features of the commercial opacity meter which is common in emission centers to measure the smoke emitted by the diesel-fueled vehicles. This project serves as an innovation in emission testing because it monitors the smoke belchers in real-time and operators or owners of the vehicle are not required anymore to go to the emission testing center every year to renew their car registration.

  16. A suite of tools for monitoring and assessing impacts of road networks and off-road vehicle activity on rangelands

    Science.gov (United States)

    Despite increasing amounts of transportation related activities on rangelands globally, few tools exist for assessing and monitoring impacts of roads, road networks and off-road vehicle traffic. This is in part due to an historical emphasis on grazing issues in rangelands and the complexity of monit...

  17. Monitoring and Automatic Control for Ship Power Plants Based Logical Algorithms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahmoud Mohammad Salem Al-suod

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Controlling power station systems with diesel engines is vital issue. Algorithms of microprocessors are developed to be used in the control unit of this type of power station systems. Such Algorithms are built in a logic form, and then the control functions are derived using logic functions. Analyzing the contents of the received logic signals allows us to overcome structural redundancy of the systems. Monitor the network parameter is very important to protect the devices used in the power station systems. In this paper automated controller is developed using microprocessor algorithms to view and control the parameters of the system devices such as generator, synchronizers, and load sharers on-line, this will help in improving the system to be fast, reliable and more accurate. This paper proposes an implementation of a subsequent optimization for structural and algorithmic blocks of microprocessor systems automation of ship power plants.

  18. The continuous automatic monitoring network installed in Tuscany (Italy) since late 2002, to study earthquake precursory phenomena

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pierotti, Lisa; Cioni, Roberto

    2010-05-01

    Since late 2002, a continuous automatic monitoring network (CAMN) was designed, built and installed in Tuscany (Italy), in order to investigate and define the geochemical response of the aquifers to the local seismic activity. The purpose of the investigation was to identify eventual earthquake precursors. The CAMN is constituted by two groups of five measurement stations each. A first group has been installed in the Serchio and Magra graben (Garfagnana and Lunigiana Valleys, Northern Tuscany), while the second one, in the area of Mt. Amiata (Southern Tuscany), an extinct volcano. Garfagnana, Lunigiana and Mt. Amiata regions belong to the inner zone of the Northern Apennine fold-and-thrust belt. This zone has been involved in the post-collision extensional tectonics since the Upper Miocene-Pliocene. Such tectonic activity has produced horst and graben structures oriented from N-S to NW-SE that are transferred by NE-SW system. Both Garfagnana (Serchio graben) and Lunigiana (Magra graben) belong to the most inner sector of the belt where the seismic sources, responsible for the strongest earthquakes of the northern Apennine, are located (e.g. the M=6.5 earthquake of September 1920). The extensional processes in southern Tuscany have been accompanied by magmatic activity since the Upper Miocene, developing effusive and intrusive products traditionally attributed to the so-called Tuscan Magmatic Province. Mt. Amiata, whose magmatic activity ceased about 0.3 M.y. ago, belongs to the extensive Tyrrhenian sector that is characterized by high heat flow and crustal thinning. The whole zone is characterized by wide-spread but moderate seismicity (the maximum recorded magnitude has been 5.1 with epicentre in Piancastagnaio, 1919). The extensional regime in both the Garfagnana-Lunigiana and Mt. Amiata area is confirmed by the focal mechanisms of recent earthquakes. An essential phase of the monitoring activities has been the selection of suitable sites for the installation of

  19. Economic comparison of two types of automatic water-quality monitors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katzenbach, Max

    1988-01-01

    A comparison of the U.S. Geological Survey's minimonitor system with a self-contained, 'package-sensor' system indicates that the package-sensor system requires less servicing time. The U.S. Geological Survey minimonitor is powered by an external battery and is housed in a weatherproof shelter. This instrument measures temperature, specific conductance, dissolved oxygen, and pH by means of sensors with extension cables having underewater connectors; data are recorder in binary coded decimal form on a 16-channel punched-paper-tape recorder that is housed in a shelter. The packaged-sensor system also measures temperature, specific conductanoe,dissolved oxygen, and pH by means of sensors housed in a package that is submerged in the stream. It has an internal power supply, no moving parts, anf does not require a weatherproof shelter; data are stored in solid-state memory. Minimonitors were installed at four sites in Ohio where U.S. Geological Survey flowthrough monitors already were in opertion. Two package-sensor systems also assigned to each site and alternated every 2 weeks. Detailed records were kept of (1) time involved in operation and maintenace of the systems, and (2) equipment problems during the test period, which lasted from October 1985 through September 1986. Equipment costs were not considered in the economic evaluation. Results of the comparisons show that the packaged-sensor system required less time to install, operate, and maintain than the minimonitor system.

  20. High-Resolution, Semi-Automatic Fault Mapping Using Umanned Aerial Vehicles and Computer Vision: Mapping from an Armchair

    Science.gov (United States)

    Micklethwaite, S.; Vasuki, Y.; Turner, D.; Kovesi, P.; Holden, E.; Lucieer, A.

    2012-12-01

    Our ability to characterise fractures depends upon the accuracy and precision of field techniques, as well as the quantity of data that can be collected. Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs; otherwise known as "drones") and photogrammetry, provide exciting new opportunities for the accurate mapping of fracture networks, over large surface areas. We use a highly stable, 8 rotor, UAV platform (Oktokopter) with a digital SLR camera and the Structure-from-Motion computer vision technique, to generate point clouds, wireframes, digital elevation models and orthorectified photo mosaics. Furthermore, new image analysis methods such as phase congruency are applied to the data to semiautomatically map fault networks. A case study is provided of intersecting fault networks and associated damage, from Piccaninny Point in Tasmania, Australia. Outcrops >1 km in length can be surveyed in a single 5-10 minute flight, with pixel resolution ~1 cm. Centimetre scale precision can be achieved when selected ground control points are measured using a total station. These techniques have the potential to provide rapid, ultra-high resolution mapping of fracture networks, from many different lithologies; enabling us to more accurately assess the "fit" of observed data relative to model predictions, over a wide range of boundary conditions.igh resolution DEM of faulted outcrop (Piccaninny Point, Tasmania) generated using the Oktokopter UAV (inset) and photogrammetric techniques.

  1. Security and Hyper-accurate Positioning Monitoring with Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast (ADS-B) Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Lightning Ridge Technologies, working in collaboration with The Innovation Laboratory, Inc., extend Automatic Dependent Surveillance Broadcast (ADS-B) into a safe,...

  2. Security and Hyper-accurate Positioning Monitoring with Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast (ADS-B) Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Lightning Ridge Technologies, LLC, working in collaboration with The Innovation Laboratory, Inc., extend Automatic Dependent Surveillance ? Broadcast (ADS-B) into a...

  3. Employing a communication payload on an unmanned underwater vehicle (UUV) for harbor monitoring and homeland defense

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wells, Jeffrey S.; Wurth, Timothy J.; Manning, Mark C.

    2004-09-01

    The Homeland Defense community is increasing its focus on port security and harbor protection. Rising to the challenge, the U.S. Coast Guard is tasked with monitoring and protecting our harbors where commercial container ships enter. Tracking of the onboard containers is of great concern to the protectors of the waterfront. A system capable of identifying the number of containers onboard the vessel, when the containers are added or removed, contents of the containers, etc., will significantly reduce the potential for a security problem by providing essential information to the Coast Guard or other port security so that they can decide whether or not pre-boarding is necessary. That is, boarding the ship and inspecting the cargo while still at a safe distance from the harbor. A conceptual pictorial of this concept is shown in Figure 1. This paper presents a system that utilizes transmitters embedded on the containers which incorporate unique ID codes identifying the container, its history, and other information. A Communication/Navigation Aid (C/NA) type vehicle/buoy concept, presently being developed by Sippican (under contract to the Office of Naval Research (ONR) as part of the Autonomous Operations -- Future Naval Capabilities (AO-FNC) program, positioned at sea, would include a payload of NuWaves" communication transceivers able to receive the cargo container"s transmitted ID and forward this information by RF link to a ground station. The Port Authority and/or the Coast Guard would then utilize the information to make an assessment of the vessel prior to port entry. Although, this paper illustrates a scenario applicable to the cargo shipping industry, it is also applicable to other homeland defense areas such as unattended open ocean force protection, drug and law enforcement, and environmental monitoring.

  4. Automatic Number Plate Recognition System

    OpenAIRE

    Rajshree Dhruw; Dharmendra Roy

    2014-01-01

    Automatic Number Plate Recognition (ANPR) is a mass surveillance system that captures the image of vehicles and recognizes their license number. The objective is to design an efficient automatic authorized vehicle identification system by using the Indian vehicle number plate. In this paper we discus different methodology for number plate localization, character segmentation & recognition of the number plate. The system is mainly applicable for non standard Indian number plates by recognizing...

  5. Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) and Artificial Intelligence Revolutionizing Wildlife Monitoring and Conservation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonzalez, Luis F; Montes, Glen A; Puig, Eduard; Johnson, Sandra; Mengersen, Kerrie; Gaston, Kevin J

    2016-01-14

    Surveying threatened and invasive species to obtain accurate population estimates is an important but challenging task that requires a considerable investment in time and resources. Estimates using existing ground-based monitoring techniques, such as camera traps and surveys performed on foot, are known to be resource intensive, potentially inaccurate and imprecise, and difficult to validate. Recent developments in unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV), artificial intelligence and miniaturized thermal imaging systems represent a new opportunity for wildlife experts to inexpensively survey relatively large areas. The system presented in this paper includes thermal image acquisition as well as a video processing pipeline to perform object detection, classification and tracking of wildlife in forest or open areas. The system is tested on thermal video data from ground based and test flight footage, and is found to be able to detect all the target wildlife located in the surveyed area. The system is flexible in that the user can readily define the types of objects to classify and the object characteristics that should be considered during classification.

  6. Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs and Artificial Intelligence Revolutionizing Wildlife Monitoring and Conservation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis F. Gonzalez

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Surveying threatened and invasive species to obtain accurate population estimates is an important but challenging task that requires a considerable investment in time and resources. Estimates using existing ground-based monitoring techniques, such as camera traps and surveys performed on foot, are known to be resource intensive, potentially inaccurate and imprecise, and difficult to validate. Recent developments in unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV, artificial intelligence and miniaturized thermal imaging systems represent a new opportunity for wildlife experts to inexpensively survey relatively large areas. The system presented in this paper includes thermal image acquisition as well as a video processing pipeline to perform object detection, classification and tracking of wildlife in forest or open areas. The system is tested on thermal video data from ground based and test flight footage, and is found to be able to detect all the target wildlife located in the surveyed area. The system is flexible in that the user can readily define the types of objects to classify and the object characteristics that should be considered during classification.

  7. Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) and Artificial Intelligence Revolutionizing Wildlife Monitoring and Conservation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonzalez, Luis F.; Montes, Glen A.; Puig, Eduard; Johnson, Sandra; Mengersen, Kerrie; Gaston, Kevin J.

    2016-01-01

    Surveying threatened and invasive species to obtain accurate population estimates is an important but challenging task that requires a considerable investment in time and resources. Estimates using existing ground-based monitoring techniques, such as camera traps and surveys performed on foot, are known to be resource intensive, potentially inaccurate and imprecise, and difficult to validate. Recent developments in unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV), artificial intelligence and miniaturized thermal imaging systems represent a new opportunity for wildlife experts to inexpensively survey relatively large areas. The system presented in this paper includes thermal image acquisition as well as a video processing pipeline to perform object detection, classification and tracking of wildlife in forest or open areas. The system is tested on thermal video data from ground based and test flight footage, and is found to be able to detect all the target wildlife located in the surveyed area. The system is flexible in that the user can readily define the types of objects to classify and the object characteristics that should be considered during classification. PMID:26784196

  8. REAL-TIME MONITORING SYSTEM USING UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE INTEGRATED WITH SENSOR OBSERVATION SERVICE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Witayangkurn

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV is an emerging technology being adapted for a wide range of applications. Real-time monitoring is essential to enhance the effectiveness of UAV applications. Sensor networks are networks constructed from various sensor nodes. International standard such as OGC's SOS (Sensor Observation Service makes it possible to share sensor data with other systems as well as to provide accessibility to globally distributed users. In this paper, we propose a system combining UAV technology and sensor network technology to use an UAV as a mobile node of sensor network so that the sensor data from UAV is published and shared real-time. A UAV can extend the observation range of a sensor network to remote areas where it is usually difficult to access such as disaster area. We constructed a UAV system using remote-controlled helicopter and various sensors such as GPS, gyrocompass, laser range finder, Digital camera and Thermometer. Furthermore, we extended the Sensor Observation Service (SOS and Sensor Service Grid (SSG to support mobile sensor nodes. Then, we conducted experiments of flying the helicopter over an area of the interest. During the flight, the system measured environmental data using its sensors and captured images of the ground. The data was sent to a SOS node as the ground station via Wi-Fi which was published using SSG to give real- time access to globally distributed users.

  9. Real-Time Monitoring System Using Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Integrated with Sensor Observation Service

    Science.gov (United States)

    Witayangkurn, A.; Nagai, M.; Honda, K.; Dailey, M.; Shibasaki, R.

    2011-09-01

    The Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) is an emerging technology being adapted for a wide range of applications. Real-time monitoring is essential to enhance the effectiveness of UAV applications. Sensor networks are networks constructed from various sensor nodes. International standard such as OGC's SOS (Sensor Observation Service) makes it possible to share sensor data with other systems as well as to provide accessibility to globally distributed users. In this paper, we propose a system combining UAV technology and sensor network technology to use an UAV as a mobile node of sensor network so that the sensor data from UAV is published and shared real-time. A UAV can extend the observation range of a sensor network to remote areas where it is usually difficult to access such as disaster area. We constructed a UAV system using remote-controlled helicopter and various sensors such as GPS, gyrocompass, laser range finder, Digital camera and Thermometer. Furthermore, we extended the Sensor Observation Service (SOS) and Sensor Service Grid (SSG) to support mobile sensor nodes. Then, we conducted experiments of flying the helicopter over an area of the interest. During the flight, the system measured environmental data using its sensors and captured images of the ground. The data was sent to a SOS node as the ground station via Wi-Fi which was published using SSG to give real- time access to globally distributed users.

  10. Review and recent advances in battery health monitoring and prognostics technologies for electric vehicle (EV) safety and mobility

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rezvanizaniani, Seyed Mohammad; Liu, Zongchang; Chen, Yan; Lee, Jay

    2014-06-01

    As hybrid and electric vehicle technologies continue to advance, car manufacturers have begun to employ lithium ion batteries as the electrical energy storage device of choice for use in existing and future vehicles. However, to ensure batteries are reliable, efficient, and capable of delivering power and energy when required, an accurate determination of battery performance, health, and life prediction is necessary. This paper provides a review of battery prognostics and health management (PHM) techniques, with a focus on major unmet needs in this area for battery manufacturers, car designers, and electric vehicle drivers. A number of approaches are presented that have been developed to monitor battery health status and performance, as well as the evolution of prognostics modeling methods. The goal of this review is to render feasible and cost effective solutions for dealing with battery life issues under dynamic operating conditions.

  11. Underground vehicle monitoring and material tracking by wireless data transmission; Untertaegige Fahrzeugueberwachung und Materialverfolgung mittels drahtloser Datenuebertragung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Huenefeld, R. [Technische Hochschule Aachen (Germany). Lehrstuhl und Inst. fuer Bergwerks- und Huettenmaschinenkunde; Kuepper, T. [XGraphic Ingenieurgesellschaft mbH, Aachen (Germany)

    2008-04-17

    Satellite-assisted navigation and position detection by GPS (Global Positioning System) are the state of the art in surface fleet management. The system cannot, of course, be used underground. With the introduction of WLAN networks, pocket PCs and WLAN Handys a technological platform, on the basis of which comparable services can be offered, has meanwhile become available also in the underground mining industry. Various applications, which were developed for the specified technological environment, are described in this contribution. They are used for communication, vehicle monitoring and position tracking, but are also suitable for complicated tasks. A typical example is the automation of monorails, in which communication with the vehicle and visualisation of the vehicle data and position are important. (orig.)

  12. Automatic chemical monitoring in the composition of functions performed by the unit level control system in the new projects of nuclear power plant units

    Science.gov (United States)

    Denisova, L. G.; Khrennikov, N. N.

    2014-08-01

    The article presents information on the state of regulatory framework and development of a subsystem for automated chemical monitoring of water chemistries in the primary and secondary coolant circuits used as part of the automatic process control system in new projects of VVER reactor-based nuclear power plant units. For the strategy of developing and putting in use the water chemistry-related part of the automated process control system within the standard AES-2006 nuclear power plant project to be implemented, it is necessary to develop regulatory documents dealing with certain requirements imposed on automatic water chemistry monitoring systems in accordance with the requirements of federal codes and regulations in the field of using atomic energy.

  13. 空客A320系列飞机APS3200型APU自动关车故障分析%Failure Analysis of APS3200 Type APU Automatic Vehicle Shutdown of the Airbus A320 Series

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张绪勤

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, by analyzing the troubleshooting process of APS3200 Type APU Automatic Vehicle Shutdown of the Airbus A320 Series occurring repeatedly, it proposed troubleshooting and maintenance tips to the APU shutdown automatic vehicle shutdown appearing in the operation of the aircraft power supply switching.%本文通过对空客A320系列飞机APS3200型APU反复出现自动关车故障的排故过程进行分析,对飞机运行中供电切换时出现APU自动关车现象提出排故建议和维护提示。

  14. Drones at the Beach - Surf Zone Monitoring Using Rotary Wing Unmanned Aerial Vehicles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rynne, P.; Brouwer, R.; de Schipper, M. A.; Graham, F.; Reniers, A.; MacMahan, J. H.

    2014-12-01

    We investigate the potential of rotary wing Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) to monitor the surf zone. In recent years, the arrival of lightweight, high-capacity batteries, low-power electronics and compact high-definition cameras has driven the development of commercially available UAVs for hobbyists. Moreover, the low operation costs have increased their potential for scientific research as these UAVs are extremely flexible surveying platforms. The UAVs can fly for ~12 min with a mean loiter radius of 1 - 3.5 m and a mean loiter error of 0.75 - 4.5 m, depending on the environmental conditions, flying style, battery type and vehicle type. Our experiments using multiple, alternating UAVs show that it is possible to have near continuous imagery data with similar Fields Of View. The images obtained from the UAVs (Fig. 1a), and in combination with surveyed Ground Control Points (GCPs) (Fig. 1b, red squares and white circles), can be geo-rectified (Fig. 1c) to pixel resolution between 0.01 - 1 m and a reprojection error, i.e. the difference between the surveyed GPS location of a GCP and the location of the GCP obtained from the geo-rectified image, of O(1 m). These geo-rectified images provide data on a variety of coastal aspects, such as beach width (Wb(x,t)), surf zone width (Wsf(x,t)), wave breaking location (rectangle B), beach usage (circle C) and location of dune vegegation (rectangle D), amongst others. Additionally, the possibility to have consecutive, high frequency (up to 2 Hz) rectified images makes the UAVs a great data instrument for spatially and temporally variable systems, such as the surf zone. Our first observations with the UAVs reveal the potential to quickly obtain surf zone and beach characteristics in response to storms or for day to day beach information, as well as the scientific pursuits of surf zone kinematics on different spatial and temporal scales, and dispersion and advection estimates of pollutants/dye. A selection of findings from

  15. Google Earth Visualizations of the Marine Automatic Identification System (AIS): Monitoring Ship Traffic in National Marine Sanctuaries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwehr, K.; Hatch, L.; Thompson, M.; Wiley, D.

    2007-12-01

    The Automatic Identification System (AIS) is a new technology that provides ship position reports with location, time, and identity information without human intervention from ships carrying the transponders to any receiver listening to the broadcasts. In collaboration with the USCG's Research and Development Center, NOAA's Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary (SBNMS) has installed 3 AIS receivers around Massachusetts Bay to monitor ship traffic transiting the sanctuary and surrounding waters. The SBNMS and the USCG also worked together propose the shifting the shipping lanes (termed the traffic separation scheme; TSS) that transit the sanctuary slightly to the north to reduce the probability of ship strikes of whales that frequent the sanctuary. Following approval by the United Nation's International Maritime Organization, AIS provided a means for NOAA to assess changes in the distribution of shipping traffic caused by formal change in the TSS effective July 1, 2007. However, there was no easy way to visualize this type of time series data. We have created a software package called noaadata-py to process the AIS ship reports and produce KML files for viewing in Google Earth. Ship tracks can be shown changing over time to allow the viewer to feel the motion of traffic through the sanctuary. The ship tracks can also be gridded to create ship traffic density reports for specified periods of time. The density is displayed as map draped on the sea surface or as vertical histogram columns. Additional visualizations such as bathymetry images, S57 nautical charts, and USCG Marine Information for Safety and Law Enforcement (MISLE) can be combined with the ship traffic visualizations to give a more complete picture of the maritime environment. AIS traffic analyses have the potential to give managers throughout NOAA's National Marine Sanctuaries an improved ability to assess the impacts of ship traffic on the marine resources they seek to protect. Viewing ship traffic

  16. Distributed multi-level supervision to effectively monitor the operations of a fleet of autonomous vehicles in agricultural tasks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conesa-Muñoz, Jesús; Gonzalez-de-Soto, Mariano; Gonzalez-de-Santos, Pablo; Ribeiro, Angela

    2015-01-01

    This paper describes a supervisor system for monitoring the operation of automated agricultural vehicles. The system analyses all of the information provided by the sensors and subsystems on the vehicles in real time and notifies the user when a failure or potentially dangerous situation is detected. In some situations, it is even able to execute a neutralising protocol to remedy the failure. The system is based on a distributed and multi-level architecture that divides the supervision into different subsystems, allowing for better management of the detection and repair of failures. The proposed supervision system was developed to perform well in several scenarios, such as spraying canopy treatments against insects and diseases and selective weed treatments, by either spraying herbicide or burning pests with a mechanical-thermal actuator. Results are presented for selective weed treatment by the spraying of herbicide. The system successfully supervised the task; it detected failures such as service disruptions, incorrect working speeds, incorrect implement states, and potential collisions. Moreover, the system was able to prevent collisions between vehicles by taking action to avoid intersecting trajectories. The results show that the proposed system is a highly useful tool for managing fleets of autonomous vehicles. In particular, it can be used to manage agricultural vehicles during treatment operations. PMID:25751079

  17. Development of a new system to control and monitor ground vehicles using heterogeneous mobile networks

    OpenAIRE

    Murilhas, Luis Carlos Margaço

    2015-01-01

    Mestrado em Engenharia de Telecomunicações e Informática The Unmanned Vehicle Systems (UVS) are growing in large proportions and are an emerging technology but there are some limitations that still need to be overcome in order to get the best effectiveness. One of the limitations is the reception area for vehicle operation. Most vehicles operate in line-of-sight (LOS). A very significant improvement would be to allow behind line-of-sight (BLOS) operation via wireless networks. This thesis ...

  18. Determination of fleet hourly emission and on-road vehicle emission factor using integrated monitoring and modeling approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim Oanh, N. T.; Martel, M.; Pongkiatkul, P.; Berkowicz, R.

    Roadside air quality and vehicle emission are important and challenging issues in urban air quality management which need to be adequately characterized. This study involves designing a monitoring program that produces suitable data to determine the on-road hourly fleet emission and emission factors of individual vehicles in a street canyon. Simultaneous hourly monitoring of roadside gaseous pollutants (both windward and leeward sides), traffic volume and speed, and wind in a busy street of Bangkok was conducted in the rainy season when traffic emission was predominant in the city. Higher pollutant concentrations often occurred at midday (11:00 to 14:00h) when higher traffic density (3700-3800vehicles h - 1, weekdays) was observed. The levels of toluene and xylenes found in this study are higher than the roadside levels reported in other Asian cities. Hourly maximum concentrations reached 258ppb for toluene, 51ppb for m, p-xylenes, 15ppb for o-xylene, 526ppb for NO x, and 10.5ppm for CO. Hourly monitoring data during the periods when the street canyon effects were pronounced were selected for determination of the fleet hourly emission and vehicle emission factors by back calculation using a street canyon model (Operational Street Pollution Model). The average fleet hourly emission at daytime of NO x (6.2kg km - 1 h - 1), CO (54kg km - 1 h - 1), toluene (2.1kg km - 1 h - 1), m, p-xylenes (0.73kg km - 1 h - 1) and o-xylene (0.27kg km - 1 h - 1) did not vary much. However, the emission rates were substantially reduced at nighttime following the traffic pattern. The obtained pollutant emission factors varied within each group of vehicles with the average values agreed reasonably with the chassis dynamometer results for NO x but somewhat higher for CO and TX. The model estimated results are, however, considered to better represent the real driving conditions in the street at the average vehicle travel speed of around 20km h - 1. A statistical sampling design is proposed

  19. Utilization of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles for Rangeland Resources Monitoring in a Changing Regulatory Environment (Invited)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rango, A.; Vivoni, E. R.; Browning, D. M.; Anderson, C.; Laliberte, A. S.

    2013-12-01

    It is taking longer than expected to realize the immense potential of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs)for civil applications due to the complexity of regulations being developed by the Federal Aviation Authority (FAA) that can be applied to both manned and unmanned flight in the National Airspace System (NAS). As a result, FAA has required that for all UAV flights in the NAS, an external pilot must maintain line-of-sight contact with the UAV. Properly trained observers must also be present to assist the external pilot in collision avoidance. Additionally, in order to fly in the NAS, formal approval must be requested from FAA through application for a Certificate of Authorization (COA for government applicants or a Special Airworthiness Certificate (SAC) in the experimental category for non-government applicants. Flight crews of UAVs must pass exams also required for manned airplane pilots. Although flight crews for UAVs are not required to become manned airplane pilots, UAV flight missions are much more efficient if one or two of the UAV flight crew are also manned aircraft pilots so they can serve as the UAV mission commander. Our group has performed numerous UAV flights within the Jornada Experimental Range in southern New Mexico. Two developments with Jornada UAVs can be recommended to other UAV operators that would increase flight time experience and study areas covered by UAV images. First, do not overlook the possibility of obtaining permission to fly in Restricted Military Airspace (RMA). At the Jornada, our airspace is approximately 50% NAS and 50% RMA. With experiments ongoing in both types of airspace, we can fly in both areas and continue to increase UAV flights. Second, we have developed an air- and-ground vehicle approach for long distance, continuous pilot transport that always maintains line-of-sight requirements. This allows flying several target areas on a single mission and increasing the number of acquired UAV images - over 90,000 UAV images have

  20. Monitoring Wildlife-Vehicle Collisions in the Information Age: How Smartphones Can Improve Data Collection

    OpenAIRE

    Olson, Daniel D.; Bissonette, John A.; Cramer, Patricia C.; Green, Ashley D.; Davis, Scott T.; Patrick J. Jackson; Coster, Daniel C.

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Currently there is a critical need for accurate and standardized wildlife-vehicle collision data, because it is the underpinning of mitigation projects that protect both drivers and wildlife. Gathering data can be challenging because wildlife-vehicle collisions occur over broad areas, during all seasons of the year, and in large numbers. Collecting data of this magnitude requires an efficient data collection system. Presently there is no widely adopted system that is both efficien...

  1. Improving Rangeland Monitoring and Assessment: Integrating Remote Sensing, GIS, and Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Robert Paul Breckenridge

    2007-05-01

    Creeping environmental changes are impacting some of the largest remaining intact parcels of sagebrush steppe ecosystems in the western United States, creating major problems for land managers. The Idaho National Laboratory (INL), located in southeastern Idaho, is part of the sagebrush steppe ecosystem, one of the largest ecosystems on the continent. Scientists at the INL and the University of Idaho have integrated existing field and remotely sensed data with geographic information systems technology to analyze how recent fires on the INL have influenced the current distribution of terrestrial vegetation. Three vegetation mapping and classification systems were used to evaluate the changes in vegetation caused by fires between 1994 and 2003. Approximately 24% of the sagebrush steppe community on the INL was altered by fire, mostly over a 5-year period. There were notable differences between methods, especially for juniper woodland and grasslands. The Anderson system (Anderson et al. 1996) was superior for representing the landscape because it includes playa/bare ground/disturbed area and sagebrush steppe on lava as vegetation categories. This study found that assessing existing data sets is useful for quantifying fire impacts and should be helpful in future fire and land use planning. The evaluation identified that data from remote sensing technologies is not currently of sufficient quality to assess the percentage of cover. To fill this need, an approach was designed using both helicopter and fixed wing unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) and image processing software to evaluate six cover types on field plots located on the INL. The helicopter UAV provided the best system compared against field sampling, but is more dangerous and has spatial coverage limitations. It was reasonably accurate for dead shrubs and was very good in assessing percentage of bare ground, litter and grasses; accuracy for litter and shrubs is questionable. The fixed wing system proved to be

  2. Hydrogen Monitoring Requirements in the Global Technical Regulation on Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Vehicles: Preprint

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Buttner, William; Rivkin, Carl; Burgess, Robert; Hartmann, Kevin; Bubar, Max; Post, Matthew; Boon-Brett, Lois; Weidner, Eveline; Moretto, Pietro

    2016-07-01

    The United Nations Global Technical Regulation (GTR) Number 13 (Global Technical Regulation on Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Vehicles) is the defining document regulating safety requirements in hydrogen vehicles, and in particular fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEV). GTR Number 13 has been formally implemented and will serve as the basis for the national regulatory standards for FCEV safety in North America (Canada, United States), Japan, Korea, and the European Union. The GTR defines safety requirement for these vehicles, including specifications on the allowable hydrogen levels in vehicle enclosures during in-use and post-crash conditions and on the allowable hydrogen emissions levels in vehicle exhaust during certain modes of normal operation. However, in order to be incorporated into national regulations, that is, in order to be binding, methods to verify compliance to the specific requirements must exist. In a collaborative program, the Sensor Laboratories at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory in the United States and the Joint Research Centre, Institute for Energy and Transport in the Netherlands have been evaluating and developing analytical methods that can be used to verify compliance to the hydrogen release requirement as specified in the GTR.

  3. 用多传感器对制造车间进行大范围监测%Monitoring a Wide Manufacture Field Automatically by Multiple Sensors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕健; 滨岛京子; 姜伟

    2006-01-01

    This research is dedicated to develop a safety measurement for human-machine cooperative system, in which the machine region and the human region cannot be separated due to the overlap and the movement both from human and from machines. Our proposal here is to automatically monitor the moving objects by image sensing/recognition method, such that the machine system can get enough information about the environment situation and about the production progress at any time, and therefore the machines can accordingly take some corresponding actions automatically to avoid hazard. For this purpose, two types of monitor systems are proposed. The first type is based on the omni directional vision sensor, and the second is based on the stereo vision sensor. Each type may be used alone or together with another type, depending on the safety system's requirements and the specific situation of the manufacture field to be monitored. In this paper, the description about these two types are given, and as for the special application of these image sensors into safety control, the construction of a hierarchy safety system is proposed.

  4. Design of automatic container terminal monitoring system%自动化集装箱码头监控系统设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈加敏; 薛士龙; 张宁; 曹金虎

    2011-01-01

    为实现集装箱码头的自动化运转,在构建轨道式港口集装箱码头物理模型的基础上,采用西门子PLC设计自动化集装箱码头监控系统,运用Step 7编写自动装卸船程序、点动控制程序、复位程序、异常处理程序以及应急程序等.同时,在Visual Basic 6.0开发环境下设计监控系统的人机界面,并通过工业以太网实现上位机与PLC的实时通信.结果表明,可以将该监控系统成功地运用于集装箱码头物理模型中.%To realize the automatic operation of container terminals, the Siemens PLC is used to design the automatic container terminal monitoring system, and the Step 7 is used to write the procedures including automatic loading and unloading procedure, the jog control procedure, the reset procedure, the abnormity handling procedure and the emergency procedure, etc, on the basis of the construction of a physical rail-mounted container terminal model. The human-machine interface of the monitoring system is designed under Visual Basic 6.0 development environment, and the real-time communication between PC and PLC is realized via industrial Ethernet. The result shows that the monitoring system can be used in the physical container terminal model successfully.

  5. Technological and operational structure of the National Automatic Network for Environmental Radiological Monitoring (RENAMORA); Estructura tecnologica y operativa de la Red Nacional Automatica de Monitoreo Radiologico Ambiental RENAMORA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martinez G, E.; Lopez G, M.; Aguirre G, J.; Fabian O, R.; Hernandez A, Y., E-mail: elias.martinez@cnsns.gob.mx [Comision Nacional de Seguridad Nuclear y Salvaguardias, Dr. Barragan 779, Col. Narvarte, 03020 Ciudad de Mexico (Mexico)

    2015-09-15

    The Comision Nacional de Seguridad Nuclear y Salvaguardias (CNSNS) in Mexico is a decentralized body, under the Secretaria de Energia whose main mission is to ensure that activities involving nuclear and radioactive materials as well as ionizing radiation sources are carried out with maximum security, considering the current technological developments. In order to monitor the levels of environmental radiation to which the population is exposed, the CNSNS has established a series of radiological monitoring programs that allow characterize the environmental radiation levels in each zone or region in the country; to identify the occurrence of natural or artificial radiological events, such as nuclear tests and accidents in radioactive or nuclear facilities. The National Automatic Network for Environmental Radiological Monitoring (RENAMORA) project was initiated with the support of the IAEA through MEX9/049 project and its purpose is to have a network of instruments that automatically and in real time, transmit information of the gamma radiological environmental status of the national territory and changes occurring in it. This network provides data such as the speed of ambient dose equivalent, temperature and humidity in different regions of the country. The network is composed of 92 stations that are distributed throughout the national territory. The structure of the stations has evolved since its inception, now allowing detection tasks, data transmission and managing them remotely from the main server, which is located in the CNSNS, which is performed a statistical dose for each monitoring station. Each monitoring station is formed in its current structure by a probe detection of gamma radiation, a communication module and associated electronics, a mini Web server DataGATE, a cellular modem and an interface converter. (Author)

  6. Sentinel-1 automatic processing chain for volcanic and seismic areas monitoring within the Geohazards Exploitation Platform (GEP)

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Luca, Claudio; Zinno, Ivana; Manunta, Michele; Lanari, Riccardo; Casu, Francesco

    2016-04-01

    The microwave remote sensing scenario is rapidly evolving through development of new sensor technology for Earth Observation (EO). In particular, Sentinel-1A (S1A) is the first of a sensors' constellation designed to provide a satellite data stream for the Copernicus European program. Sentinel-1A has been specifically designed to provide, over land, Differential Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (DInSAR) products to analyze and investigate Earth's surface displacements. S1A peculiarities include wide ground coverage (250 km of swath), C-band operational frequency and short revisit time (that will reduce from 12 to 6 days when the twin system Sentinel-1B will be placed in orbit during 2016). Such characteristics, together with the global coverage acquisition policy, make the Sentinel-1 constellation to be extremely suitable for volcanic and seismic areas studying and monitoring worldwide, thus allowing the generation of both ground displacement information with increasing rapidity and new geological understanding. The main acquisition mode over land is the so called Interferometric Wide Swath (IWS) that is based on the Terrain Observation by Progressive Scans (TOPS) technique and that guarantees the mentioned S1A large coverage characteristics at expense of a not trivial interferometric processing. Moreover, the satellite spatial coverage and the reduced revisit time will lead to an exponential increase of the data archives that, after the launch of Sentine-1B, will reach about 3TB per day. Therefore, the EO scientific community needs from the one hand automated and effective DInSAR tools able to address the S1A processing complexity, and from the other hand the computing and storage capacities to face out the expected large amount of data. Then, it is becoming more crucial to move processors and tools close to the satellite archives, being not efficient anymore the approach of downloading and processing data with in-house computing facilities. To address

  7. Automatic Web-Based, Radio-Network System To Monitor And Control Equipment For Investigating Gas Flux At Water - Air Interfaces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duc, N. T.; Silverstein, S.; Wik, M.; Beckman, P.; Crill, P. M.; Bastviken, D.; Varner, R. K.

    2015-12-01

    Aquatic ecosystems are major sources of greenhouse gases (GHG). Robust measurements of natural GHG emissions are vital for evaluating regional to global carbon budgets and for assessing climate feedbacks on natural emissions to improve climate models. Diffusive and ebullitive (bubble) transport are two major pathways of gas release from surface waters. To capture the high temporal variability of these fluxes in a well-defined footprint, we designed and built an inexpensive automatic device that includes an easily mobile diffusive flux chamber and a bubble counter, all in one. Besides a function of automatically collecting gas samples for subsequent various analyses in the laboratory, this device utilizes low cost CO2 sensor (SenseAir, Sweden) and CH4 sensor (Figaro, Japan) to measure GHG fluxes. To measure the spatial variability of emissions, each of the devices is equipped with an XBee module to enable a local radio communication DigiMesh network for time synchronization and data readout at a server-controller station on the lakeshore. Software of this server-controller is operated on a low cost Raspberry Pi computer which has a 3G connection for remote monitoring - controlling functions from anywhere in the world. From field studies in Abisko, Sweden in summer 2014 and 2015, the system has resulted in measurements of GHG fluxes comparable to manual methods. In addition, the deployments have shown the advantage of a low cost automatic network system to study GHG fluxes on lakes in remote locations.

  8. Traffic-Light-Preemption Vehicle-Transponder Software Module

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bachelder, Aaron; Foster, Conrad

    2005-01-01

    A prototype wireless data-communication and control system automatically modifies the switching of traffic lights to give priority to emergency vehicles. The system, which was reported in several NASA Tech Briefs articles at earlier stages of development, includes a transponder on each emergency vehicle, a monitoring and control unit (an intersection controller) at each intersection equipped with traffic lights, and a central monitoring subsystem. An essential component of the system is a software module executed by a microcontroller in each transponder. This module integrates and broadcasts data on the position, velocity, acceleration, and emergency status of the vehicle. The position, velocity, and acceleration data are derived partly from the Global Positioning System, partly from deductive reckoning, and partly from a diagnostic computer aboard the vehicle. The software module also monitors similar broadcasts from other vehicles and from intersection controllers, informs the driver of which intersections it controls, and generates visible and audible alerts to inform the driver of any other emergency vehicles that are close enough to create a potential hazard. The execution of the software module can be monitored remotely and the module can be upgraded remotely and, hence, automatically

  9. 浅析全自动无人驾驶对地铁车辆基地设计的影响%Analysis of the Impact of Automatic Driverless Metro Vehicle Base Design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐彪

    2015-01-01

    This paper analyzes the realization of the need for automatic driverless metro vehicle base functions to Beijing Subway Line M17 sub-canal south parking lot design, for example, described its impact on metro vehicle base design, is also recommended improve the interface between the professional coordination in the design process.%简要分析了全自动无人驾驶的实现对地铁车辆基地各项功能的需求,以北京地铁M17线次渠南停车场设计为例,阐述了其对地铁车辆基地设计的影响,同时,建议在设计过程中提高各专业间的接口协调性。

  10. Sensor Architecture and Task Classification for Agricultural Vehicles and Environments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Rovira-Más

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The long time wish of endowing agricultural vehicles with an increasing degree of autonomy is becoming a reality thanks to two crucial facts: the broad diffusion of global positioning satellite systems and the inexorable progress of computers and electronics. Agricultural vehicles are currently the only self-propelled ground machines commonly integrating commercial automatic navigation systems. Farm equipment manufacturers and satellite-based navigation system providers, in a joint effort, have pushed this technology to unprecedented heights; yet there are many unresolved issues and an unlimited potential still to uncover. The complexity inherent to intelligent vehicles is rooted in the selection and coordination of the optimum sensors, the computer reasoning techniques to process the acquired data, and the resulting control strategies for automatic actuators. The advantageous design of the network of onboard sensors is necessary for the future deployment of advanced agricultural vehicles. This article analyzes a variety of typical environments and situations encountered in agricultural fields, and proposes a sensor architecture especially adapted to cope with them. The strategy proposed groups sensors into four specific subsystems: global localization, feedback control and vehicle pose, non-visual monitoring, and local perception. The designed architecture responds to vital vehicle tasks classified within three layers devoted to safety, operative information, and automatic actuation. The success of this architecture, implemented and tested in various agricultural vehicles over the last decade, rests on its capacity to integrate redundancy and incorporate new technologies in a practical way.

  11. An Approach to Driverless Vehicles in Highways

    OpenAIRE

    Milanés, Vicente; Onieva, Enrique; Pérez Rastelli, Joshué; Godoy, Jorge; Villagra, Jorge

    2011-01-01

    International audience This paper presents AUTOPIA program results towards autonomous vehicles in highways. Based on our previous experience in automatic driving systems, a high-speed controller has been developed to perform vehicle's guidance autonomously. The map is generated in real time by the leading vehicle via vehicle-to-vehicle communications, permitting the vehicle equipped with the automatic system driving in any real circumstance in highways as can be lane-change maneuver. The s...

  12. Comparison of accuracy and completeness of data obtained from three types of automatic water-quality monitors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Katzenbach, M.S.

    1990-01-01

    A comparison of data collected by the US Geological Survey flowthrough monitor, the US Geological Survey minimonitor, and a self-contained commercial packaged-senor system indicates that the data obtained by means of the flowthrough-monitor system were the most accurate and the most complete of the three systems. Minimonitors were installed at four sites in Ohio where US Geological Survey flowthrough monitors were in operation. Two packaged-sensor systems also were assigned to each site and were alternated every two weeks. Detailed records were kept of: (1) field measurements, for comparison with monitor-system data from each instrument; and (2) equipment problems that resulted in loss of data. Results of the comparisons show that the flow-through monitor gave the most accurate and the most complete data. 2 refs., 29 figs., 6 tabs.

  13. Comparison of accuracy and completeness of data obtained from three types of automatic water-quality monitors. Water Resources Investigation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Katzenbach, M.S.

    1990-01-01

    A comparison of data (specific conductance, dissolved-oxygen concentration, temperature, and pH) collected by the U.S. Geological Survey flowthrough monitor, the U.S. Geological Survey minimonitor, and a self-contained commercial packaged-sensor system indicates that the data obtained by means of the flowthrough-monitor system were the most accurate and the most complete of the three systems. Minimonitors were installed at four sites in Ohio where U.S. Geological Survey flowthrough monitors were in operation. Two packaged-sensor systems also were assigned to each site and were alternated every two weeks. Detailed records were kept of field measurements, for comparison with monitor-system data from each instrument, and equipment problems that resulted in loss of data. Results of the comparisons show that the flow-through monitor gave the most accurate and the most complete data.

  14. 基于Modbus的供水自动化监控系统构建%Constructing water supply automatic monitoring system based on Modbus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李长华; 齐向东

    2013-01-01

    According to the application requirement of water supply monitoring control system,an effective net-work model is put forward adopting Modbus protocol to teletransmit data,monitoring application level and field level exchange data in real time to real-time online monitoring of automatic water supply system.Through the construction of the network model,descript the composition of the whole system,monitoring software design and development,as wel as the implementation of Modbus Protocol.Practice has proved that this programme is a good attempt,has been wel used.%根据供水自动化监控系统的应用需求,构建了一种有效的监控系统网络的模型,系统采用Modbus协议进行远程数据传输,监控应用层与现场层能实时的进行数据交换,进而实时在线的监控自动供水系统。通过对该网络模型的构建,说明了整个系统的构成,监控软件的相关设计和开发,以及Modbus协议的实现。实践证明,本方案是一种有益的尝试,得到了良好的应用。

  15. Data Description Exchange Services for Heterogeneous Vehicle and Spaceport Control and Monitor Systems Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — CCT has designed and prototyped, as part of the Phase-1 SBIR, a generic platform independent software capability for exchange of semantic control and monitoring...

  16. The Research and Application of GPS Monitoring System in Vehicle Management%车辆管理中GPS监控系统的应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵立军

    2015-01-01

    GPS监控系统又称为全球定位系统,对于车辆管理具有重大作用和意义.GPS监控系统在车辆管理中应用,首先要提高系统的运行稳定性和可靠性等性能.同时要采取措施,推广GPS监控系统在车管中的普及应用.%GPS monitoring system is also called the global positioning system,which has important function and meaning to vehicle management.In the application of GPS monitoring system in vehicle management,above all,the stability and reliability of the system should be improved.Meanwhile,measures should be taken to promote the wide application of GPS monitoring system in vehicle management.

  17. Ecological Assessment of Autonomy in Instrumental Activities of Daily Living in Dementia Patients by the means of an Automatic Video Monitoring System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandra eKönig

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Currently, the assessment of autonomy and functional ability involves clinical rating scales. However, scales are often limited in their ability to provide objective and sensitive information. In contrast, information and communication technologies may overcome these limitations by capturing more fully the functional, as well as cognitive disturbances associated with Alzheimer disease (AD. We investigated the quantitative assessment of the autonomy of dementia patients based not only on gait analysis but also on the participant performance on Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL automatically recognized by a video event monitoring system (EMS. Three groups of participants (healthy controls, Mild Cognitive Impairment and AD patients had to carry out a standardized scenario consisting of physical tasks (single and dual task and several IADLs such as preparing a pillbox or making a phone call while being recorded. After, video sensor data was processed by an event monitoring system that automatically extracts kinematic parameters of the participants’ gait and recognizes their carried out activities. These parameters were then used for the assessment of the participants’ performance levels, here referred as autonomy. Autonomy assessment were approached as classification task using artificial intelligence methods that takes as input the parameters extracted by the event monitoring system, here referred as behavioral data. Activities were accurately recognized by the EMS with high precision. The most accurately recognized activities were: ‘prepare medication’ with 93% and ‘using phone’ with 89% precision. The diagnostic group classifier obtained a precision of 73.46% when combining the analyses of physical tasks with IADLs. In a further analysis, the created autonomy group classifier which obtained a precision of 83.67% when combining physical tasks and IADLs. Results suggest that it is possible to quantitatively assess IADL

  18. 自动化监测技术在大型抽水试验中的应用%Application of automatic monitoring technology to large pumping test

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘慧; 吴彬; 王智

    2011-01-01

    本文通过与传统监测方法比较,介绍了地下水位及流量的自动化监测技术,即利用Mini-Diver监测水位埋深并利用TC403水位流量计结合矩形堰监测流量.而且,通过对新疆温宿县台兰河地下水库大型抽水试验地下水监测的实例研究,证明该自动化监测技术的记录准确,误差小,监测数据量大,操作方便灵活,可及时掌握地下水动态变化,具有广泛的推广利用价值.%An automatic technology of monitoring on the level and flow rate of groundwater is described herein through a comparison made with the conventional monitoring methods, I. E. The buried depth of groundwater level is monitored with Mini-Diver and the flow rate is measured with TC-403 level/flow-meter combined with rectangular weir. Furthermore, based on the case study made on the groundwater monitoring for the large pumping test of the groundwater reservoir in Tailanhe River Basin within Wensu County of Xinjiang, the technology is demonstrated to have the merits such as accurate recording, small error, large amount of monitoring data, convenient and flexible to be operated, etc. , and can monitor the dynamic variation of ground water in time, and then it has a usable value to be widely popularized as well.

  19. A Space-Time Network-Based Modeling Framework for Dynamic Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Routing in Traffic Incident Monitoring Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jisheng Zhang

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available It is essential for transportation management centers to equip and manage a network of fixed and mobile sensors in order to quickly detect traffic incidents and further monitor the related impact areas, especially for high-impact accidents with dramatic traffic congestion propagation. As emerging small Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs start to have a more flexible regulation environment, it is critically important to fully explore the potential for of using UAVs for monitoring recurring and non-recurring traffic conditions and special events on transportation networks. This paper presents a space-time network- based modeling framework for integrated fixed and mobile sensor networks, in order to provide a rapid and systematic road traffic monitoring mechanism. By constructing a discretized space-time network to characterize not only the speed for UAVs but also the time-sensitive impact areas of traffic congestion, we formulate the problem as a linear integer programming model to minimize the detection delay cost and operational cost, subject to feasible flying route constraints. A Lagrangian relaxation solution framework is developed to decompose the original complex problem into a series of computationally efficient time-dependent and least cost path finding sub-problems. Several examples are used to demonstrate the results of proposed models in UAVs’ route planning for small and medium-scale networks.

  20. A Space-Time Network-Based Modeling Framework for Dynamic Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Routing in Traffic Incident Monitoring Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Jisheng; Jia, Limin; Niu, Shuyun; Zhang, Fan; Tong, Lu; Zhou, Xuesong

    2015-01-01

    It is essential for transportation management centers to equip and manage a network of fixed and mobile sensors in order to quickly detect traffic incidents and further monitor the related impact areas, especially for high-impact accidents with dramatic traffic congestion propagation. As emerging small Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) start to have a more flexible regulation environment, it is critically important to fully explore the potential for of using UAVs for monitoring recurring and non-recurring traffic conditions and special events on transportation networks. This paper presents a space-time network- based modeling framework for integrated fixed and mobile sensor networks, in order to provide a rapid and systematic road traffic monitoring mechanism. By constructing a discretized space-time network to characterize not only the speed for UAVs but also the time-sensitive impact areas of traffic congestion, we formulate the problem as a linear integer programming model to minimize the detection delay cost and operational cost, subject to feasible flying route constraints. A Lagrangian relaxation solution framework is developed to decompose the original complex problem into a series of computationally efficient time-dependent and least cost path finding sub-problems. Several examples are used to demonstrate the results of proposed models in UAVs’ route planning for small and medium-scale networks. PMID:26076404

  1. Development and Integration of a Solar Powered Unmanned Aerial Vehicle and a Wireless Sensor Network to Monitor Greenhouse Gases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander Malaver

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Measuring gases for environmental monitoring is a demanding task that requires long periods of observation and large numbers of sensors. Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs and Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs currently represent the best alternative to monitor large, remote, and difficult access areas, as these technologies have the possibility of carrying specialized gas sensing systems. This paper presents the development and integration of a WSN and an UAV powered by solar energy in order to enhance their functionality and broader their applications. A gas sensing system implementing nanostructured metal oxide (MOX and non-dispersive infrared sensors was developed to measure concentrations of CH4 and CO2. Laboratory, bench and field testing results demonstrate the capability of UAV to capture, analyze and geo-locate a gas sample during flight operations. The field testing integrated ground sensor nodes and the UAV to measure CO2 concentration at ground and low aerial altitudes, simultaneously. Data collected during the mission was transmitted in real time to a central node for analysis and 3D mapping of the target gas. The results highlights the accomplishment of the first flight mission of a solar powered UAV equipped with a CO2 sensing system integrated with a WSN. The system provides an effective 3D monitoring and can be used in a wide range of environmental applications such as agriculture, bushfires, mining studies, zoology and botanical studies using a ubiquitous low cost technology.

  2. Development and integration of a solar powered unmanned aerial vehicle and a wireless sensor network to monitor greenhouse gases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malaver, Alexander; Motta, Nunzio; Corke, Peter; Gonzalez, Felipe

    2015-01-01

    Measuring gases for environmental monitoring is a demanding task that requires long periods of observation and large numbers of sensors. Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) and Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) currently represent the best alternative to monitor large, remote, and difficult access areas, as these technologies have the possibility of carrying specialized gas sensing systems. This paper presents the development and integration of a WSN and an UAV powered by solar energy in order to enhance their functionality and broader their applications. A gas sensing system implementing nanostructured metal oxide (MOX) and non-dispersive infrared sensors was developed to measure concentrations of CH4 and CO2. Laboratory, bench and field testing results demonstrate the capability of UAV to capture, analyze and geo-locate a gas sample during flight operations. The field testing integrated ground sensor nodes and the UAV to measure CO2 concentration at ground and low aerial altitudes, simultaneously. Data collected during the mission was transmitted in real time to a central node for analysis and 3D mapping of the target gas. The results highlights the accomplishment of the first flight mission of a solar powered UAV equipped with a CO2 sensing system integrated with a WSN. The system provides an effective 3D monitoring and can be used in a wide range of environmental applications such as agriculture, bushfires, mining studies, zoology and botanical studies using a ubiquitous low cost technology. PMID:25679312

  3. Monitoring and automatique dispache vehicles; Monitorizacion y Despacho Automatico de Camiones (MODAC)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-12-31

    The project is based on the applying modern place positioning techniques on the earth surface by means of satellite G. P. S. (Global Positioning System), using these techniques to control and follow up lorries and machines in open pit mines. The information, which is continually transmitted by each machine to the control center, keeps us informed about their speed, direction and movement. Other data such as the load transported by the lorry, breakdowns and other information of interest are incorporated, being able to view the machines along their data on a digitalized drawing of the mine on the screen situated at the control centre. It has been an intelligent program which, by means of a mathematical algorhythm, processes these data, optimizing the automatic distribution of the lorries to the different loading equipment, and the computer informing each lorry driver which equipment he must load at. (Author)

  4. Proposals of cinder storage with automatic monitoring system in Jiangxiwan%江西湾灰渣库加装自动化监测系统的建议

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘国勇; 胡兴

    2012-01-01

    Automatic secuirity monitoring is held to cinder storage with automatic monitoring system to report potential security risk, propose security warning, assess reliability of existing structure, provide data for administrative decision and maintainance for tailings dam. The tailings dam automatic monitoring system is proposed to be mounted in cinder storage in Jiangxiwan.%灰渣库自动化监测系统通过对灰渣库进行自动化的安全监测,能及时发现安全隐患,并提出安全预警,评估结构的可靠性,能为尾矿库的管理决策与维护等提供数据依据,故建议在江西湾灰渣库加装大坝自动化监测系统。

  5. Automatic Monitoring System in High Formwork Monitoring of Construction Engineering%自动监测系统在建筑工程高支模监测中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赖仁纯

    2015-01-01

    High formwork system of building project has high-risk, complex, accidents unexpected features. This article describes the application example about the automatic monitoring system in high formwork system of the con-struction safety monitoring of construction engineering, specifically addressed the monitoring of content, measuring points, analysis and evaluation of monitoring results. It provides construction safety for high formwork stability mon-itoring, implementation of dynamic design, dynamic construction.%建筑物高支模工程具有高危性、复杂性、事故突发性的特点,本文介绍了自动监测系统在建筑工程高支模施工过程进行安全监控的应用实例,具体阐述了监测内容、测点布置及监测结果分析与评价,为高支模工程进行稳定性监测,实施动态设计、动态施工、安全施工提供了依据。

  6. Automatic vehicle detection using spaceborne optical remote sensing images in city area%城市街区星载光学遥感图像车辆目标自动检测方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李昭慧; 张建奇

    2014-01-01

    It is difficult to detect vehicles in city area by using paceborne optical remote sensing images, because the background in city area is too complex. In this paper, an automatic vehicle detection method was proposed to address the issue by using background segmentation method. Firstly, the physical property of the vegetation was analyzed and used to suppress the vegetation background of a scene by using the multi- spectral information of the scene. Next, the reflectance characteristics of city area cover types were analyzed. Based on the reflectance characteristics of building roofs and roads, the building background in the scene was removed by employing the binary morphological method on the panchromatic band image. Finally, the famous RX algorithm was introduced to detect the vehicles on the vegetation and building background suppressed image. The proposed method is applied to the actual Quickbird image for vehicle target detection. The results show that the proposed method has strong robustness, high efficiency, and automatic characteristics, and can be used for vehicle detection in city area.%针对星载光学遥感图像城市街区复杂背景问题,提出一种车辆目标自动检测方法。首先,利用场景中植被背景的物理属性,通过多光谱波段抑制场景中的植被背景,然后,在分析城市街区地物形态反射率特性的基础上,利用全色波段并结合二值形态学方法抑制场景中的建筑物,最后,引入著名的RX算法对抑制后的图像进行车辆目标检测。将文中提出的方法应用于实际Quickbird影像的车辆目标检测,结果表明所提出的方法具有鲁棒性强,执行效率高,不需要人工辅助等方面的特点,可用于城市街区车辆目标的自动检测。

  7. Monitoring Agent for Detecting Malicious Packet Drops for Wireless Sensor Networks in the Microgrid and Grid-enabled Vehicles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jongbin Ko

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Of the range of wireless communication technologies, wireless sensor networks (WSN will be one of the most appropriate technologies for the Microgrid and Grid‐enabled Vehicles in the Smartgrid. To ensure the security of WSN, the detection of attacks is more efficient than their prevention because of the lack of computing power. Malicious packet drops are the easiest means of attacking WSNs. Thus, the sensors used for constructing a WSN require a packet drop monitoring agent, such as Watchdog. However, Watchdog has a partial drop problem such that an attacker can manipulate the packet dropping rate below the minimum misbehaviour monitoring threshold. Furthermore, Watchdog does not consider real traffic situations, such as congestion and collision, and so it has no way of recognizing whether a packet drop is due to a real attack or network congestion. In this paper, we propose a malicious packet drop monitoring agent, which considers traffic conditions. We used the actual traffic volume on neighbouring nodes and the drop rate while monitoring a sending node for specific period. It is more effective in real network scenarios because unlike Watchdog it considers the actual traffic, which only uses the Pathrater. Moreover, our proposed method does not require authentication, packet encryption or detection packets. Thus, there is a lower likelihood of detection failure due to packet spoofing, Man‐In‐the Middle attacks or Wormhole attacks. To test the suitability of our proposed concept for a series of network scenarios, we divided the simulations into three types: one attack node, more than one attack nodes and no attack nodes. The results of the simulations meet our expectations.

  8. SU-E-I-10: Automatic Monitoring of Accumulated Dose Indices From DICOM RDSR to Improve Radiation Safety in X-Ray Angiography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: To investigate the potential benefits of automatic monitoring of accumulated patient and staff dose indicators, i.e., CAK and KAP, from DICOM Radiation Dose Structured Reports (RDSR) in x-ray angiography (XA). Methods: Recently RDSR has enabled the convenient aggregation of dose indices and technique parameters for XA procedures. The information contained in RDSR objects for three XA systems, dedicated to different types of clinical procedures, has been collected and aggregated in a database for over one year using a system developed with open-source software at the Karolinska University Hospital. Patient weight was complemented to the RDSR data via an interface with the Hospital Information System (HIS). Results: The linearly approximated trend in KAP over a time period of a year for cerebrovascular, pelvic/peripheral vascular, and cardiovascular procedures showed a decrease of 12%, 20%, and 14%, respectively. The decrease was mainly due to hardware/software upgrades and new low-dose imaging protocols, and partially due to ongoing systematic radiation safety education of the clinical staff. The CAK was in excess of 3 Gy for 15 procedures, and exceeded 5 Gy for 3 procedures. The dose indices have also shown a significant dependence on patient weight for cardiovascular and pelvic/peripheral vascular procedures; a 10 kg shift in mean patient weight can result in a dose index increase of 25%. Conclusion: Automatic monitoring of accumulated dose indices can be utilized to notify the clinical staff and medical physicists when the dose index has exceeded a predetermined action level. This allows for convenient and systematic follow-up of patients in risk of developing deterministic skin injuries. Furthermore, trend analyses of dose indices over time is a valuable resource for the identification of potential positive or negative effects (dose increase/decrease) from changes in hardware, software, and clinical work habits

  9. SU-E-I-10: Automatic Monitoring of Accumulated Dose Indices From DICOM RDSR to Improve Radiation Safety in X-Ray Angiography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Omar, A; Bujila, R; Nowik, P; Karambatsakidou, A [Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm (Sweden)

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: To investigate the potential benefits of automatic monitoring of accumulated patient and staff dose indicators, i.e., CAK and KAP, from DICOM Radiation Dose Structured Reports (RDSR) in x-ray angiography (XA). Methods: Recently RDSR has enabled the convenient aggregation of dose indices and technique parameters for XA procedures. The information contained in RDSR objects for three XA systems, dedicated to different types of clinical procedures, has been collected and aggregated in a database for over one year using a system developed with open-source software at the Karolinska University Hospital. Patient weight was complemented to the RDSR data via an interface with the Hospital Information System (HIS). Results: The linearly approximated trend in KAP over a time period of a year for cerebrovascular, pelvic/peripheral vascular, and cardiovascular procedures showed a decrease of 12%, 20%, and 14%, respectively. The decrease was mainly due to hardware/software upgrades and new low-dose imaging protocols, and partially due to ongoing systematic radiation safety education of the clinical staff. The CAK was in excess of 3 Gy for 15 procedures, and exceeded 5 Gy for 3 procedures. The dose indices have also shown a significant dependence on patient weight for cardiovascular and pelvic/peripheral vascular procedures; a 10 kg shift in mean patient weight can result in a dose index increase of 25%. Conclusion: Automatic monitoring of accumulated dose indices can be utilized to notify the clinical staff and medical physicists when the dose index has exceeded a predetermined action level. This allows for convenient and systematic follow-up of patients in risk of developing deterministic skin injuries. Furthermore, trend analyses of dose indices over time is a valuable resource for the identification of potential positive or negative effects (dose increase/decrease) from changes in hardware, software, and clinical work habits.

  10. Research and Development of Hybrid Electric Vehicles CAN-Bus Data Monitor and Diagnostic System through OBD-II and Android-Based Smartphones

    OpenAIRE

    Yalian Yang; Baolin Chen; Lin Su; Datong Qin

    2013-01-01

    With the rapid development of the smartphone market, future cars seem to have more connections with intelligent cell phone and Internet. Intelligent transportation system (ITS) and telematics system have become research focus in recent years. There is an increasing demand for remote monitoring and diagnostic system as the further research of hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) goes on. In this paper, a remote controller area network bus (CAN-Bus) data monitor and diagnostic system for HEV is presen...

  11. 无人机溢油监视监测系统方案构想%roject concept on unmanned air vehicle oil spill monitoring system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    舒迟

    2015-01-01

    The paper introduces the functions and system components of the oil spill surveillance and monitor system using unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) and analyzes its advantage of application in oil spill surveillance and monitor.%文中介绍了无人机溢油监视监测系统的功能和系统组成,并分析了其在溢油监视监测领域中的应用优势。

  12. Automatic sequences

    CERN Document Server

    Haeseler, Friedrich

    2003-01-01

    Automatic sequences are sequences which are produced by a finite automaton. Although they are not random they may look as being random. They are complicated, in the sense of not being not ultimately periodic, they may look rather complicated, in the sense that it may not be easy to name the rule by which the sequence is generated, however there exists a rule which generates the sequence. The concept automatic sequences has special applications in algebra, number theory, finite automata and formal languages, combinatorics on words. The text deals with different aspects of automatic sequences, in particular:· a general introduction to automatic sequences· the basic (combinatorial) properties of automatic sequences· the algebraic approach to automatic sequences· geometric objects related to automatic sequences.

  13. Automatic Water Sensor Window Opening System

    KAUST Repository

    Percher, Michael

    2013-12-05

    A system can automatically open at least one window of a vehicle when the vehicle is being submerged in water. The system can include a water collector and a water sensor, and when the water sensor detects water in the water collector, at least one window of the vehicle opens.

  14. 航空影像辅助下的城区机载LiDAR汽车目标检测方法%Automatic Urban Vehicle Detection from Airborne LiDAR Data with Aerial Image

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙美玲; 李永树; 陈强

    2014-01-01

    The appearance of LiDAR technology provides a new method for automatic vehicle detection.In order to detect vehicle object from LiDAR data,according to the property features of different objects,a new method of automatic urban vehicle detection from airborne LiDAR data with aerial image is proposed in this paper.Firstly,it is classified ground and non-ground points using LiDAR filtering with morphological opening by reconstruction.Secondly,with the help of aerial image and its Normalized Differential Vegetation Index (NDVI) feature,it could classify LiDAR non-ground points into vegetation and non-vegetation objects.Finally,On the basis of non-vegetation objects,it could separate vehicle objects automatically from other non-vehicle objects by shape feature and height property.Three regions has been used to verify the feasibility and reliability of this method.The experiment results show that the proposed method can effectively extract vehicle objects.The mean of correctness and completeness of this method can reach 95% and 85 % respectively,which can meet the practical requirements.%机载激光雷达(LiDAR)技术的出现为地面汽车目标检测提供了新的途径.为了从机载Li-DAR点云数据中提取汽车对象,根据不同地物的属性特征,提出了一种航空影像辅助下的城区机载LiDAR汽车目标检测方法.首先利用形态学开重建滤波完成地面和地物的分类,然后在地物点的基础上结合正射影像,通过归一化植被指数(NDVI)特征完成对植被和非植被地物的初步分类,最后在非植被地物的基础上,根据地物对象的形状特征及高程信息完成汽车和建筑物及阴影植被等非汽车对象的分类,从而完成汽车目标的提取工作.3个实验区的计算结果表明:该方法能有效从LiDAR点云中提取汽车目标,正确度和完整度的均值分别为95%和85%,满足实用性要求.

  15. Lightweight aerial vehicles for monitoring, assessment and mapping of radiation anomalies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant (FDNPP) incident released a significant mass of radioactive material into the atmosphere. An estimated 22% of this material fell out over land following the incident. Immediately following the disaster, there was a severe lack of information not only pertaining to the identity of the radioactive material released, but also its distribution as fallout in the surrounding regions. Indeed, emergency aid groups including the UN did not have sufficient location specific radiation data to accurately assign exclusion and evacuation zones surrounding the plant in the days and weeks following the incident. A newly developed instrument to provide rapid and high spatial resolution assessment of radionuclide contamination in the environment is presented. The device consists of a low cost, lightweight, unmanned aerial platform with a microcontroller and integrated gamma spectrometer, GPS and LIDAR. We demonstrate that with this instrument it is possible to rapidly and remotely detect ground-based radiation anomalies with a high spatial resolution (<1 m). Critically, as the device is remotely operated, the user is removed from any unnecessary or unforeseen exposure to elevated levels of radiation. - Highlights: • We present a new instrument for the remote detection of radiation in the environment. • The integration of sensors payload and UAV vehicle is shown. • The device is demonstrated to detect a single radiation anomalies remotely. • The device is demonstrated to map two radiation anomalies remotely and with a high spatial resolution

  16. Development of a Fixed Wing Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV for Disaster Area Monitoring and Mapping

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gesang Nugroho

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The development of remote sensing technology offers the ability to perform real-time delivery of aerial video and images. A precise disaster map allows a disaster management to be done quickly and accurately. This paper discusses how a fixed wing UAV can perform aerial monitoring and mapping of disaster area to produce a disaster map. This research was conducted using a flying wing, autopilot, digital camera, and data processing software. The research starts with determining the airframe and the avionic system then determine waypoints. The UAV flies according to the given waypoints while taking video and photo. The video is transmitted to the Ground Control Station (GCS so that an operator in the ground can monitor the area condition in real time. After obtaining data, then it is processed to obtain a disaster map. The results of this research are: a fixed wing UAV that can monitor disaster area and send real-time video and photos, a GCS equipped with image processing software, and a mosaic map. This UAV used a flying wing that has 3 kg empty weight, 2.2 m wingspan, and can fly for 12-15 minutes. This UAV was also used for a mission at Parangtritis coast in the southern part of Yogyakarta with flight altitude of 150 m, average speed of 15 m/s, and length of way point of around 5 km in around 6 minutes. A mosaic map with area of around 300 m x 1500 m was also obtained. Interpretation of the mosaic led to some conclusions including: lack of evacuation routes, residential area which faces high risk of tsunami, and lack of green zone around the shore line.

  17. Comparison of accuracy and completeness of data obtained from three types of automatic water-quality monitors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katzenbach, Max

    1990-01-01

    A comparison of data (specific conductance, dissolved-oxygen concentration, temperature, and pH) collected by the U.S. Geological Survey flowthrough monitor, the U.S. Geological Survey minimonitor, and a self-contained commercial 'packaged-sensor' system indicates that the data obtained by means of the most complete of the three systems. The U.S. Geological Survey flowthrough monitor is powered by 120-volt alternating current and in a heated weather-proof shelter. A pumping system brings water from the stream to sensors clustered in a sample clustered in a sample chamber located in the shelter. This instrument measures output from the senors; data are recorded in binary-coded decimal form on a 16-channel punched-paper tape recorder tape recorder housed in the shelter. The U.S. Geological Survey's minimonitor is powered by an external battery and is housed in a weatherproof shelter. This instrument measures output of instream sensors with extension cables having underwater connectors; data are recorded in binary-coded decimal form on a 16-channel punched-paper tape recorder housed in the shelter. The packaged-sensor system also measures output of senors housed in a packages that is submerged in the stream. It has internal power supply, no moving parts, and does not requires a weatherproof shelter; data are stored are stored in solid-state memory. Minimonitors were installed at four sites in Ohio where U.S. Geological survey flowthrough were in operation. Two package-sensor systems also were assigned to each site and were alternated every two weeks. Detailed records were kept of (1) field measurements, for comparison with monitor-system data from each instrument, and (2) equipment problems that resulted in loss of data. Results of the comparisons shows that the flow-through monitor gave the most accurate and the most complete data.

  18. Online vehicle and atmospheric pollution monitoring using GIS and wireless sensor networks

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A Geographical Information System (GIS) is a computer system designed to integrate, store, edit, analyse, share and display geographically referenced data. A wireless sensor network (WSN) is a wireless network of spatially distributed autonomous devices using sensors to monitor physical or environmental conditions. This paper presents the integration of these two technologies to create a system able to detect measure and transmit information regarding the presence and quantities of internal combustion derived pollution and the geographical location in real time with the aim of creating pollution maps in urban environments

  19. Online vehicle and atmospheric pollution monitoring using GIS and wireless sensor networks

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cordova-Lopez, L E; Mason, A; Cullen, J D; Shaw, A; Al-Shamma' a, A I [Liverpool John Moores University General Engineering Research Institute, RF and Microwave Group, Byrom Street, Liverpool, L3 3AF (United Kingdom)

    2007-07-15

    A Geographical Information System (GIS) is a computer system designed to integrate, store, edit, analyse, share and display geographically referenced data. A wireless sensor network (WSN) is a wireless network of spatially distributed autonomous devices using sensors to monitor physical or environmental conditions. This paper presents the integration of these two technologies to create a system able to detect measure and transmit information regarding the presence and quantities of internal combustion derived pollution and the geographical location in real time with the aim of creating pollution maps in urban environments.

  20. Home monitoring of within-breath respiratory mechanics by a simple and automatic forced oscillation technique device

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Spirometry is the gold standard to determine the presence of airflow obstruction, but it requires volitional participation and needs qualified supervision. The forced oscillation technique (FOT) measures respiratory input impedance (Zrs) during spontaneous breathing and it could be useful for unsupervised monitoring of airway obstruction. We developed a FOT device for home monitoring of Zrs which transmits the data through the Internet. Its accuracy, stability and reliability were evaluated in a pilot study measuring the Zrs in the unsupervised self-measurements of five healthy subjects. Finally, to explore the applicability of the concept, 36 consecutive daily home measurements were recorded from one healthy subject and one chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patient. The accuracy of the device fulfilled FOT guidelines, and the reliability test showed a mean discrepancy of resistance of 0.10 ± 0.01 cmH2O s L−1. The data from the healthy subjects demonstrated high repeatability in assessing Zrs. The measurements on the healthy subjects and the patient with COPD suggest the feasibility of unsupervised FOT measurements. The healthy subjects showed minimal daily variations in Zrs, whereas the patient with COPD had large differences in mean values and important fluctuations over day-to-day measurements. The results of the pilot study demonstrate that unsupervised home monitoring of Zrs using the FOT yields accurate and reproducible data. It could provide new insights into the dynamics of airway obstruction and improve the understanding and management of obstructive diseases. (note)

  1. Automatic classification of Google Earth images for a larger scale monitoring of bush encroachment in South Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ludwig, Annika; Meyer, Hanna; Nauss, Thomas

    2016-08-01

    Bush encroachment of savannas and grasslands is a common form of land degradation in the rangelands of South Africa. To assess the carrying capacity of the land and to understand underlaying processes of bush encroachment, continuous monitoring of this phenomenon is needed. The aim of this study is to provide training sites for satellite-based monitoring of bush encroachment in South Africa on a medium spatial resolution satellite sensor (e.g. MODIS or Landsat) scale. Since field surveys are time consuming and of limited spatial extent, the satellite based creation of training sites using Google Earth images is intended. Training pixels for woody vegetation and non-woody land cover were manually digitized from 50 sample Google Earth images. A Random Forests model was trained to delineate woody from non-woody pixels. The results indicate a high performance of the model (AUC = 0.97). The model was applied to a further 500 Google Earth images with a spatial extent of 250 m × 250 m. The classified images form the database of training sites which can be used for larger scale monitoring of bush encroachment in South Africa.

  2. Automatic national network of radiation environmental monitoring in Mexico; Red nacional automatica de monitoreo radiologico ambiental en Mexico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aguirre, Jaime; Delgado, Jose L.; Lopez, Manuel; Zertuche, Jorge V., E-mail: jaguirre@cnsns.gob.mx, E-mail: jldelgado@cnsns.gob.mx, E-mail: mlopez@cnsns.gob.mx, E-mail: jorge.zertuche@cnsns.gob.mx [Comision Nacional de Seguridad Nuclear y Salvaguardias (CNSNS), D.F. (Mexico). Direccion de Vigilancia Radiologica

    2013-07-01

    The Direccion de Vigilancia Radiologica (DVR) of the Comision Nacional de Seguridad Nuclear y Salvaguardias (CNSNS) de Mexico, performs several function for environmental radiation monitoring. One of these functions is the permanent monitoring of the environmental gamma radiation. For this, it implemented the Red Nacional Automatica de Monitoreo Radiologico Ambiental (RENAMORA) - the National Automated Network for Environmental Radiation Monitoring,which currently comprises 60 detector probes for gamma radiation which with a programmable system that includes information technologies, data transmission and software can send the information in real time to a primary center of data located in the facilities of CNSNS. - When the data are received, the system performs the verification and extraction of the information organized in Tables and charts, and generates a report of environmental gamma radiation dose rate average for each of the probes and for each period of time determined bu CNSNS. The RENAMORA covers the main cities and allows to establish the bases of almost the entire country, as well as to warn about abnormal situations caused by incidents or natural events generated by human activities inside or outside the country which involves radioactive materials; paying special attention to main radiological sites, such as the surroundings of the Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Plants, research centers and the radioactive waste disposal sites.

  3. Automatic Monitoring of Criteria Pollutants and Meteorological Parameters in Boundary Sites of Mexico City under QA/QC Standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez, A.; Ramos, R.; Sánchez, A.; Retama, A.; Fentanes, O.; Muñoz, R.; Mar, B.; Ruiz, L. G.; Torres, R.; Torres, A.; Martínez, J.

    2007-05-01

    MILAGRO, an extensive air quality monitoring campaign, was conducted in the Mexico City Metropolitan Area (MCMA) during March 2006, in order to assess the air pollutants transport and their influence at regional and global scales. In support of this campaign a number of criteria pollutants and meteorological parameters measurements were conducted in boundary sites of the MCMA in order to determine the surface conditions in these transition sites. The boundary sites were selected based on results from previous studies, information provided systematically by the Mexico City Ambient Air Monitoring Network (Sistema de Monitoreo Atmosférico, SIMAT), pollutants trends and meteorological and climatic factors that participate in the dispersion and transport under different ventilation scenarios. Seven mobile units and two fixed stations were deployed for the continuous determination of criteria pollutants and meteorological parameters. In order to warranty the pollutants concentrations measurements' quality and comparability, calibrations and verifications were implemented at the designated monitoring sites. Data had been analyzed with statistical tools and comparisons were made against nearby SIMAT stations. Several interesting conclusions were achieved.

  4. Experiments in teleoperator and autonomous control of space robotic vehicles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alexander, Harold L.

    1991-01-01

    A program of research embracing teleoperator and automatic navigational control of freely flying satellite robots is presented. Current research goals include: (1) developing visual operator interfaces for improved vehicle teleoperation; (2) determining the effects of different visual interface system designs on operator performance; and (3) achieving autonomous vision-based vehicle navigation and control. This research program combines virtual-environment teleoperation studies and neutral-buoyancy experiments using a space-robot simulator vehicle currently under development. Visual-interface design options under investigation include monoscopic versus stereoscopic displays and cameras, helmet-mounted versus panel-mounted display monitors, head-tracking versus fixed or manually steerable remote cameras, and the provision of vehicle-fixed visual cues, or markers, in the remote scene for improved sensing of vehicle position, orientation, and motion.

  5. Research on Integrated Lightning Defending Technology of Air Automatic Monitoring Station%空气自动监测站综合防雷技术研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁铁军

    2011-01-01

    The paper analyses lightning form and its damage to electronic equipment, discusses internal and external integrated lightning defending technology on the basis of integrated lightning defending system of air automatic monitoring station of DanDong Bearing Corporation Ltd. The system is useful to decrease failure rate of monitoring equipment and hurt of person.%基于建筑物雷击风险评估方法,得出本地可能遭受到的雷击形式和雷电破坏电子设备途径。以丹东轴承有限公司空气自动监测站综合防雷系统工程设计与施工为基础,对空气自动监测站外部、内部综合防雷技术体系进行阐述,通过现代防雷技术方法,有效降低监测设备因雷击而产生的故障率、最大限度预防和减少雷击所发生的人身伤亡和国家财产损失。

  6. High-Resolution Monitoring of Coastal Dune Erosion and Growth Using an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruessink, G.; Markies, H.; Van Maarseveen, M.

    2014-12-01

    Coastal foredunes lose and gain sand through marine and aeolian processes, but coastal-evolution models that can accurately predict both wave-driven dune erosion and wind-blown dune growth are non-existing. This is, together with a limited understanding of coastal aeolian process dynamics, due to the lack of adequate field data sets from which erosion and supply volumes can be studied simultaneously. Here, we quantify coastal foredune dynamics using nine topographic surveys performed near Egmond aan Zee, The Netherlands, between September 2011 and March 2014 using an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV). The approximately 0.75-km long study site comprises a 30-100 m wide sandy beach and a 20-25 m high foredune, of which the higher parts are densely vegetated with European marram grass. Using a structure-from-motion workflow, the 200-500 photographs taken during each UAV flight were processed into a point cloud, from which a geo-referenced digital surface model with a 0.25 x 0.25 m resolution was subsequently computed. Our data set contains two dune-erosion events, including that due to storm Xaver (December 2013), which caused one of the highest surge levels in the southern North Sea region for the last decades. Dune erosion during both events varied alongshore from the destruction of embryonic dunes on the upper beach to the slumping of the entire dune face. During the first storm (January 2012), erosion volumes ranged from 5 m3/m in the (former) embryonic dune field to over 40 m3/m elsewhere. During the subsequent 11 (spring - autumn) months, the foredune accreted by (on average) 8 m3/m, again with substantial alongshore variability (0 - 20 m3/m). Intriguingly, volume changes during the 2012-2013 winter were minimal. We will compare the observed aeolian supply rates with model predictions and discuss reasons for their temporal variability. Funded by the Dutch Organisation for Scientific Research NWO.

  7. Technical Note: Advances in flash flood monitoring using unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perks, Matthew T.; Russell, Andrew J.; Large, Andrew R. G.

    2016-10-01

    Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) have the potential to capture information about the earth's surface in dangerous and previously inaccessible locations. Through image acquisition of flash flood events and subsequent object-based analysis, highly dynamic and oft-immeasurable hydraulic phenomena may be quantified at previously unattainable spatial and temporal resolutions. The potential for this approach to provide valuable information about the hydraulic conditions present during dynamic, high-energy flash floods has until now not been explored. In this paper we adopt a novel approach, utilizing the Kande-Lucas-Tomasi (KLT) algorithm to track features present on the water surface which are related to the free-surface velocity. Following the successful tracking of features, a method analogous to the vector correction method has enabled accurate geometric rectification of velocity vectors. Uncertainties associated with the rectification process induced by unsteady camera movements are subsequently explored. Geo-registration errors are relatively stable and occur as a result of persistent residual distortion effects following image correction. The apparent ground movement of immobile control points between measurement intervals ranges from 0.05 to 0.13 m. The application of this approach to assess the hydraulic conditions present in the Alyth Burn, Scotland, during a 1 : 200 year flash flood resulted in the generation of an average 4.2 at a rate of 508 measurements s-1. Analysis of these vectors provides a rare insight into the complexity of channel-overbank interactions during flash floods. The uncertainty attached to the calculated velocities is relatively low, with a spatial average across the area of ±0.15 m s-1. Little difference is observed in the uncertainty attached to out-of-bank velocities (±0.15 m s-1), and within-channel velocities (±0.16 m s-1), illustrating the consistency of the approach.

  8. Automatic slope monitoring systems at As Pontes mine. Sistema de control automatizado de taludes de la mina de As Pontes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arias, G.; de Pozo, D. (ENDESA, Madrid (Spain))

    1992-04-01

    As Pontes mine belonging to ENDESA is situated in the north-west of the province of La Coruna. The deposit is brown lignite with an average annual production of 12 mt of mineral and 40 million cubic metres of dirt. The surface area is approximately 9 square kilometres and its depth 200 m at level 1. The structure and geology of the deposit means that the layout of the workings (selected according to geotechnical considerations, methods of working and profitability) calls for accurately-designed slopes which require stringent geotechnical monitoring in order to prevent deformation. 8 figs.

  9. A vehicle health monitoring system for the Space Shuttle Reaction Control System during reentry. M.S. Thesis - Massachusetts Inst. of Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosello, Anthony David

    1995-01-01

    A general two tier framework for vehicle health monitoring of Guidance Navigation and Control (GN&C) system actuators, effectors, and propulsion devices is presented. In this context, a top level monitor that estimates jet thrust is designed for the Space Shuttle Reaction Control System (RCS) during the reentry phase of flight. Issues of importance for the use of estimation technologies in vehicle health monitoring are investigated and quantified for the Shuttle RCS demonstration application. These issues include rate of convergence, robustness to unmodeled dynamics, sensor quality, sensor data rates, and information recording objectives. Closed loop simulations indicate that a Kalman filter design is sensitive to modeling error and robust estimators may reduce this sensitivity. Jet plume interaction with the aerodynamic flowfield is shown to be a significant effect adversely impacting the ability to accurately estimate thrust.

  10. Possibilities for Using LIDAR and Photogrammetric Data Obtained with AN Unmanned Aerial Vehicle for Levee Monitoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bakuła, K.; Ostrowski, W.; Szender, M.; Plutecki, W.; Salach, A.; Górski, K.

    2016-06-01

    This paper presents the possibilities for using an unmanned aerial system for evaluation of the condition of levees. The unmanned aerial system is equipped with two types of sensor. One is an ultra-light laser scanner, integrated with a GNSS receiver and an INS system; the other sensor is a digital camera that acquires data with stereoscopic coverage. Sensors have been mounted on the multirotor, unmanned platform the Hawk Moth, constructed by MSP company. LiDAR data and images of levees the length of several hundred metres were acquired during testing of the platform. Flights were performed in several variants. Control points measured with the use of the GNSS technique were considered as reference data. The obtained results are presented in this paper; the methodology of processing the acquired LiDAR data, which increase in accuracy when low accuracy of the navigation systems occurs as a result of systematic errors, is also discussed. The Iterative Closest Point (ICP) algorithm, as well as measurements of control points, were used to georeference the LiDAR data. Final accuracy in the order of centimetres was obtained for generation of the digital terrain model. The final products of the proposed UAV data processing are digital elevation models, an orthophotomap and colour point clouds. The authors conclude that such a platform offers wide possibilities for low-budget flights to deliver the data, which may compete with typical direct surveying measurements performed during monitoring of such objects. However, the biggest advantage is the density and continuity of data, which allows for detection of changes in objects being monitored.

  11. Ecological Assessment of Autonomy in Instrumental Activities of Daily Living in Dementia Patients by the Means of an Automatic Video Monitoring System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    König, Alexandra; Crispim-Junior, Carlos Fernando; Covella, Alvaro Gomez Uria; Bremond, Francois; Derreumaux, Alexandre; Bensadoun, Gregory; David, Renaud; Verhey, Frans; Aalten, Pauline; Robert, Philippe

    2015-01-01

    Currently, the assessment of autonomy and functional ability involves clinical rating scales. However, scales are often limited in their ability to provide objective and sensitive information. By contrast, information and communication technologies may overcome these limitations by capturing more fully functional as well as cognitive disturbances associated with Alzheimer disease (AD). We investigated the quantitative assessment of autonomy in dementia patients based not only on gait analysis but also on the participant performance on instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) automatically recognized by a video event monitoring system (EMS). Three groups of participants (healthy controls, mild cognitive impairment, and AD patients) had to carry out a standardized scenario consisting of physical tasks (single and dual task) and several IADL such as preparing a pillbox or making a phone call while being recorded. After, video sensor data were processed by an EMS that automatically extracts kinematic parameters of the participants' gait and recognizes their carried out activities. These parameters were then used for the assessment of the participants' performance levels, here referred as autonomy. Autonomy assessment was approached as classification task using artificial intelligence methods that takes as input the parameters extracted by the EMS, here referred as behavioral profile. Activities were accurately recognized by the EMS with high precision. The most accurately recognized activities were "prepare medication" with 93% and "using phone" with 89% precision. The diagnostic group classifier obtained a precision of 73.46% when combining the analyses of physical tasks with IADL. In a further analysis, the created autonomy group classifier which obtained a precision of 83.67% when combining physical tasks and IADL. Results suggest that it is possible to quantitatively assess IADL functioning supported by an EMS and that even based on the extracted data the

  12. Finite Element Analysis on Automatic Transmission Box of Electric Vehicle based on Solidworks Simulation%基于Solidworks Simulation纯电动汽车变速器箱体有限元分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王艳

    2012-01-01

    In early development, the transmission ratio has been designed based on the utilization rate of energy for an electric vehicle. The transmission scheme and the size of automatic transmission box have also been obtained. In this paper. Solidworks structure modeling of transmission box was constructed. Using Solidworks Simulation, the finite element analysis was gained on both the front cover and the back cover of the transmission box. The maximum stress was obtained and the location where the maximum stress took place was found. The results show that the design of the automatic transmission not only meets the optimal energy utilization rate but also meets the requirements of the static strength.%前期已经对某电动汽车进行基于能量利用率的传动比设计,设计出自动变速器传动方案及其尺寸。本文采用Solidworks软件建立箱体结构模型,并以Solidworks Simulation对箱体前盖和后盖分别进行有限元分析,得出最大应力值及出现位置。结果表明,所设计的自动变速器既满足能量利用率最优又符合静强度要求。

  13. Development and implementation of an automatic integration system for fibre optic sensors in the braiding process with the objective of online-monitoring of composite structures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hufenbach, W.; Gude, M.; Czulak, A.; Kretschmann, Martin

    2014-04-01

    Increasing economic, political and ecological pressure leads to steadily rising percentage of modern processing and manufacturing processes for fibre reinforced polymers in industrial batch production. Component weights beneath a level achievable by classic construction materials, which lead to a reduced energy and cost balance during product lifetime, justify the higher fabrication costs. However, complex quality control and failure prediction slow down the substitution by composite materials. High-resolution fibre-optic sensors (FOS), due their low diameter, high measuring point density and simple handling, show a high applicability potential for an automated sensor-integration in manufacturing processes, and therefore the online monitoring of composite products manufactured in industrial scale. Integrated sensors can be used to monitor manufacturing processes, part tests as well as the component structure during product life cycle, which simplifies allows quality control during production and the optimization of single manufacturing processes.[1;2] Furthermore, detailed failure analyses lead to a enhanced understanding of failure processes appearing in composite materials. This leads to a lower wastrel number and products of a higher value and longer product life cycle, whereby costs, material and energy are saved. This work shows an automation approach for FOS-integration in the braiding process. For that purpose a braiding wheel has been supplemented with an appliance for automatic sensor application, which has been used to manufacture preforms of high-pressure composite vessels with FOS-networks integrated between the fibre layers. All following manufacturing processes (vacuum infiltration, curing) and component tests (quasi-static pressure test, programmed delamination) were monitored with the help of the integrated sensor networks. Keywords: SHM, high-pressure composite vessel, braiding, automated sensor integration, pressure test, quality control, optic

  14. Automatic Tracking System of Vehicles Based on GPS and GSM%基于GPS和GSM的车辆自动跟踪系统

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁卫

    2011-01-01

    采用STC公司的STC12C5A60S2单片机为控制核心,在车辆被盗的情况下,利用GPS卫星定位系统确定车辆的位置,然后通过GSM网络将车辆的位置以短息的方式发送到车主指定的手机中,车主可远程控制使系统自动切断汽车内的点火电路,从而实现防盗功能。%The paper provides a system to ascertain vehicles' position by Global Position System in the case of vehicle theft, which taking STC12C5A60S2 microcomputer of STC company as control core and making use of GSM network to send position information of vehicl

  15. On the derivation of the pre-lockup feature based condition monitoring method for automatic transmission clutches

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ompusunggu, Agusmian Partogi

    2014-05-01

    This paper discusses how a qualitative understanding on the physics of failure can lead to a theoretical derivation of effective features that are useful for condition monitoring of wet friction clutches. The physical relationships between the features and the mean coefficient of friction (COF) which can be seen as the representation of the degradation level of a wet friction clutch are theoretically derived. In order to assess the accuracy of the theoretical relationships, Pearson's correlation coefficient is applied to experimental data obtained from accelerated life tests on some commercial paper-based wet friction clutches using a fully instrumented SAE#2 setup. The analyses on the experimental data reveal that the theoretical predictions are plausible.

  16. Performance evaluation and operational experience with a semi-automatic monitor for the radiological characterization of low-level wastes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chalk River Nuclear Laboratories (CRNL) have undertaken a Waste Disposal Project to co-ordinate the transition from the current practice of interim storage to permanent disposal for low-level radioactive wastes (LLW). The strategy of the project is to classify and segregate waste segments according to their hazardous radioactive lifetimes and to emplace them in disposal facilities engineered to isolate and contain them. To support this strategy, a waste characterization program was set up to estimate the volume and radioisotope inventories of the wastes managed by CRNL. A key element of the program is the demonstration of a non-invasive measurement technique for the isotope-specific characterization of solid LLW. This paper describes the approach taken at CRNL for the non-invasive assay of LLW and the field performance and early operational experience with a waste characterization monitor to be used in a waste processing facility

  17. Comparison of PVT and NaI(Tl) scintillators for vehicle portal monitor applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The demand for radiation portal monitor (RPM) systems has increased, and their capabilities are being further scrutinized as they are being applied to the task of detecting nuclear weapons, special nuclear material, and radiation dispersal device materials that could appear at borders. The requirements and constraints on RPM systems deployed at high-volume border crossings are significantly different from those at weapons facilities or steel recycling plants, where RPMs have been historically employed. In this new homeland security application, RPM systems must rapidly detect localized sources of radiation with a very high detection probability and low false-alarm rate, while screening all of the traffic without impeding the flow of commerce. In light of this new Department of Homeland Security application, the capabilities of two popular gamma-ray-detector materials as applied to these needs are re-examined. Both experimental data and computer simulations, together with practical deployment experience, are used to assess currently available polyvinyltoluene and NaI(Tl) gamma-ray detectors for border applications

  18. Research on Opinion Monitoring Method Based on Automatic Text Classification%基于自动分类的网络舆情监测方法研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵浚淇

    2016-01-01

    当前互联网快速发展,网络社会与现实社会逐渐同步,网上网下事件的关联性提高,网络舆情也越来越能够及时反映现实社会中发生的事情。因此,网络舆情监测不仅能够了解民意,为相关决策部门制定方案提供参考,而且能够通过大数据分析,对突发事件进行及时预警。以互联网上微博、贴吧、论坛、新闻评论等信息作为对象,以实用性为原则,研究一种基于文本自动分类的网络舆情监测方法。该方法通过网络爬虫抓取互联网上的信息,并采用基于KNN算法的文本自动分类方式完成网络舆情自动分类,最后通过实验验证了该方法的实用性。%With the rapid development of the Internet ,the cyber society and the real society are gradually synchronized , and incidents on the Internet have become more and more related to incidents offline .Public opinions online are also be‐coming more capable of reflecting social events in time .Therefore ,network public opinion monitoring not only helps to in‐form public opinions ,providing references for the decision -making departments in concern ,but also gives timely warning of unexpected events thanks to large data analysis .This study ,focusing on Internet information such as micro blog ,post bar ,forum and news comments ,explores ,on the principle of applicability ,an Internet public opinion monitoring method which is based on automatic text classification .A web crawler is applied to collect information on the Internet ,and the KNN algorithm is used to conduct the automatic classification of online public opinions .The applicability of this method is verified by experiments at the end of the current study .

  19. Long-term monitoring of a large landslide by using an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindner, Gerald; Schraml, Klaus; Mansberger, Reinfried; Hübl, Johannes

    2015-04-01

    Currently UAVs become more and more important in various scientific areas, including forestry, precision farming, archaeology and hydrology. Using these drones in natural hazards research enables a completely new level of data acquisition being flexible of site, invariant in time, cost-efficient and enabling arbitrary spatial resolution. In this study, a rotary-wing Mini-UAV carrying a DSLR camera was used to acquire time series of overlapping aerial images. These photographs were taken as input to extract Digital Surface Models (DSM) as well as orthophotos in the area of interest. The "Pechgraben" area in Upper Austria has a catchment area of approximately 2 km². Geology is mainly dominated by limestone and sandstone. Caused by heavy rainfalls in the late spring of 2013, an area of about 70 ha began to move towards the village in the valley. In addition to the urgent measures, the slow-moving landslide was monitored approximately every month over a time period of more than 18 months. A detailed documentation of the change process was the result. Moving velocities and height differences were quantified and validated using a dense network of Ground Control Points (GCP). For further analysis, 14 image flights with a total amount of 10.000 photographs were performed to create multi-temporal geodata in in sub-decimeter-resolution for two depicted areas of the landslide. Using a UAV for this application proved to be an excellent choice, as it allows short repetition times, low flying heights and high spatial resolution. Furthermore, the UAV acts almost weather independently as well as highly autonomously. High-quality results can be expected within a few hours after the photo flight. The UAV system performs very well in an alpine environment. Time series of the assessed geodata detect changes in topography and provide a long-term documentation of the measures taken in order to stop the landslide and to prevent infrastructure from damage.

  20. Influences of Turbidity on the Measurement of Total Phosphorus Using Different Types of Automatic Monitoring Analyzer%浊度对不同型号总磷自动监测分析仪的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏文文; 钟声; 郁建桥

    2015-01-01

    Water turbidity causes interferences with the monitoring of total phosphorus using automatic monitoring analyzers.Two automatic monitoring analyzers for total phosphorus with high market shares were selected and the analysis results of total phosphorus were compared with those obtained using the national standard laboratory method.The relationship between turbidity and the value of total phosphorus was analyzed, and the turbidity range that had influences on the monitoring of total phosphorus was determined for the two types of automatic monitoring analyzer.%水质浊度会对总磷自动分析仪的监测产生干扰,选取2种市场占有率较高的总磷自动分析仪,通过自动分析仪与实验室国标方法的比对监测,分析浊度值与总磷自动监测值的相关性,同时得出对2种不同型号总磷自动分析仪产生影响的浊度值范围。

  1. Definition, technology readiness, and development cost of the orbit transfer vehicle engine integrated control and health monitoring system elements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cannon, I.; Balcer, S.; Cochran, M.; Klop, J.; Peterson, S.

    1991-01-01

    An Integrated Control and Health Monitoring (ICHM) system was conceived for use on a 20 Klb thrust baseline Orbit Transfer Vehicle (OTV) engine. Considered for space used, the ICHM was defined for reusability requirements for an OTV engine service free life of 20 missions, with 100 starts and a total engine operational time of 4 hours. Functions were derived by flowing down requirements from NASA guidelines, previous OTV engine or ICHM documents, and related contracts. The elements of an ICHM were identified and listed, and these elements were described in sufficient detail to allow estimation of their technology readiness levels. These elements were assessed in terms of technology readiness level, and supporting rationale for these assessments presented. The remaining cost for development of a minimal ICHM system to technology readiness level 6 was estimated. The estimates are within an accuracy range of minus/plus 20 percent. The cost estimates cover what is needed to prepare an ICHM system for use on a focussed testbed for an expander cycle engine, excluding support to the actual test firings.

  2. Note on Modern Trends in Heavy Vehicle Electrical Electronic systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. S. Sastry

    1982-04-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents an overview of some of the aerospace control systems that are being successfully adopted in the field of Armoured Fighting Vehicles. An automatic electronic transmission controller for an epicyclic gear box with a torque converter to select the forward and reverse speeds in a sequential logic has been developed. Transducers developed for monitoring various engine and transmission parameters are being used for Electronic Fuel Injection (EFI, variable valve timings and electronic governing.

  3. 基于GIS的汽车燃油油量监测系统设计%Design of Vehicle Fuel Oil Monitoring System Based on GIS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈娣丽; 李新华; 陆程; 郭侠; 明五一

    2012-01-01

    采用GIS、GPRS、嵌入式、数据库等技术,设计了基于GIS的汽车燃油油量监测系统.该系统以嵌入式单片机为基础,可以对车辆的位置、油箱油量、瞬时油耗等进行实时监测、显示和上传到监控中心.此外系统采用模块化设计方法,实现了各个车载设备与监控中心的松散耦合,既具有高度集成性又可灵活搭配.该系统设计简单,可靠性好,易于安装,经济实用.%Using GIS (Geography Information System), GPS (Global Position System), embedded, database technology, GIS-based vehicle fuel oil monitoring system was designed. The system was based on the embedded microcontroller, with which the location of the vehicle, fuel tank, instantaneous fuel consumption and others could be monitored, displayed and uploaded to the monitoring center in real-time. In addition the system was designed modular in methods, this enabled that each vehicle terminal and monitoring center could be loosely coupled, highly integrated and flexibly mixed. The system is designed to be simple, reliable, easy to install, economical and practical.

  4. Automatic approach to develop driving cycles for estimation of vehicle emissions%机动车尾气排放测算行驶周期的自动建立方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张袺; 赵鸿铎; 赵队家

    2015-01-01

    In order to generate a driving cycle for evaluation of vehicles emissions,extensive emission data and driving activity data are collected by using a Portable Emission Measurement System (PEMS)and a GPS device.The collected data are preprocessed and the evaluation criterion for microtrips is proposed.Two heuristic algorithms, Genetic Algorithm (GA ) and Discrete Simultaneous Perturbation Stochastic Approximation (DSPSA)are given to search the best microtrips automatically.The prediction of vehicle emissions using generated driving cycle is validated.Research results show that both heuristic algorithms are able to solve the problem of automatic generation of driving cycles.The driving cycle developed by GA is more representable and it can predict the total vehicle emissions with a relatively small error.Therefore, GA is recommended for the generation of driving cycles in other cities.%为了建立用于机动车尾气排放测算的行驶周期,利用便携车载尾气采集装置(PEMS)系统和 GPS 装置进行了大量的机动车尾气排放和驾驶活动数据采集,并对数据进行了预处理,提出了短行程的评价标准,给出了最优短行程自动搜索的2种启发式算法(遗传算法(GA)和离散同步扰动随机逼近(DSPSA)),对建立的行驶周期进行了预测尾气排放总量的有效性验证。结果表明:2种启发式算法均能有效地解决行驶周期自动建立问题,GA 算法优化得到的行驶周期更有代表性,该行驶周期能以相对较小的误差预测尾气排放总量。建议将 GA 算法作为开发其他城市的行驶周期的算法工具。

  5. The E-PROFILE network of automatic LIDARS and ceilometers for operational monitoring of cloud base, aerosols and volcanic ash

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haefele, Alexander; Martucci, Giovanni; Haffelin, Martial; Besson, Florence; Lehmann, Volker

    2014-05-01

    During the last years it has been shown that ceilometers are cost effective instruments for vertical profiling of aerosols with proven skills for volcanic plumes detection. As a reaction to the eruptions of the Icelandic volcanoes in 2010 and 2011 and upon recommendation of the COST ES0702 action EG-CLIMET, EUMETNET created the E-PROFILE activity as part of the observation programme which is supported by 18 national meteorological services. E-PROFILE is the continuation of the operational RADAR wind-profiler network E-WINPROF. The new objective of E-PROFILE is to integrate the approximately 700 ceilometers of the E-PROFILE country members into a European network providing vertical profiles for the monitoring of cloud base, aerosols and volcanic ash. A standardized calibration procedure is being developed in collaboration with the COST Action ES1303 TOPROF to provide profile information homogeneously across the network. The information will be distributed in real time and visualized on an interactive map. We present a detailed description of the activity and report on the current status of the development.

  6. Robotic weed monitoring

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bochtis, Dionysis; Sørensen, Claus Aage Grøn; Jørgensen, R N;

    2011-01-01

    Abstract: In this paper, an integrated management system for the planning and activation of thefield monitoring task is presented. The architecture of the system is built around a mobile roboticunit. The internet based architecture of the system includes a station unit that works as a mobileon-fa...... of the weed monitoring operation.Key words: autonomous vehicles, farm management, mission planning, route planning,sampling.......Abstract: In this paper, an integrated management system for the planning and activation of thefield monitoring task is presented. The architecture of the system is built around a mobile roboticunit. The internet based architecture of the system includes a station unit that works as a mobileon......-farm operating console, the mobile robotic unit, and a field server for generating and storingmaps. The hypothesis is that it is possible to automate the planning and execution of theoperation of monitoring of the in-field weed density and species distribution. The developedplanning system includes the automatic...

  7. Using Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) for spatio-temporal monitoring of soil erosion and roughness in Chania, Crete, Greece

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alexakis, Dimitrios; Seiradakis, Kostas; Tsanis, Ioannis

    2016-04-01

    This article presents a remote sensing approach for spatio-temporal monitoring of both soil erosion and roughness using an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV). Soil erosion by water is commonly known as one of the main reasons for land degradation. Gully erosion causes considerable soil loss and soil degradation. Furthermore, quantification of soil roughness (irregularities of the soil surface due to soil texture) is important and affects surface storage and infiltration. Soil roughness is one of the most susceptible to variation in time and space characteristics and depends on different parameters such as cultivation practices and soil aggregation. A UAV equipped with a digital camera was employed to monitor soil in terms of erosion and roughness in two different study areas in Chania, Crete, Greece. The UAV followed predicted flight paths computed by the relevant flight planning software. The photogrammetric image processing enabled the development of sophisticated Digital Terrain Models (DTMs) and ortho-image mosaics with very high resolution on a sub-decimeter level. The DTMs were developed using photogrammetric processing of more than 500 images acquired with the UAV from different heights above the ground level. As the geomorphic formations can be observed from above using UAVs, shadowing effects do not generally occur and the generated point clouds have very homogeneous and high point densities. The DTMs generated from UAV were compared in terms of vertical absolute accuracies with a Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) survey. The developed data products were used for quantifying gully erosion and soil roughness in 3D as well as for the analysis of the surrounding areas. The significant elevation changes from multi-temporal UAV elevation data were used for estimating diachronically soil loss and sediment delivery without installing sediment traps. Concerning roughness, statistical indicators of surface elevation point measurements were estimated and various

  8. Use of a digital camera onboard an unmanned aerial vehicle to monitor spring phenology at individual tree level

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berra, Elias; Gaulton, Rachel; Barr, Stuart

    2016-04-01

    The monitoring of forest phenology, in a cost-effective manner, at a fine spatial scale and over relatively large areas remains a significant challenge. To address this issue, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) appear as a potential new option for forest phenology monitoring. The aim of this study is to assess the potential of imagery acquired from a UAV to track seasonal changes in leaf canopy at individual tree level. UAV flights, deploying consumer-grade standard and near-infrared modified cameras, were carried out over a deciduous woodland during the spring season of 2015, from which a temporal series of calibrated and georeferenced 5 cm spatial resolution orthophotos was generated. Initial results from a subset of trees are presented in this paper. Four trees with different observed Start of Season (SOS) dates were selected to monitor UAV-derived Green Chromatic Coordinate (GCC), as a measure of canopy greenness. Mean GCC values were extracted from within the four individual tree crowns and were plotted against the day of year (DOY) when the data were acquired. The temporal GCC trajectory of each tree was associated with the visual observations of leaf canopy phenology (SOS) and also with the development of understory vegetation. The chronological order when sudden increases of GCC values occurred matched with the chronological order of observed SOS: the first sudden increase in GCC was detected in the tree which first reached SOS; 18.5 days later (on average) the last sudden increase of GCC was detected in the tree which last reached SOS (18 days later than the first one). Trees with later observed SOS presented GCC values increasing slowly over time, which were associated with development of understory vegetation. Ongoing work is dealing with: 1) testing different indices; 2) radiometric calibration (retrieving of spectral reflectance); 3) expanding the analysis to more tree individuals, more tree species and over larger forest areas, and; 4) deriving

  9. Operation Control and Information Management System of Shandong Province Environmental Water Quality Automatic Monitoring Network%山东省环境水质自动监测网运行管理系统研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许杨; 邱晓国; 李浩; 莫红; 万黎

    2012-01-01

    文章对水质自动监测站远程监控和反控、监测数据的自动审核、现场维护行为的评判及水质自动监测网的统一管理等问题进行了研究.通过对水质自动监测站现场工控机PLC的升级改造、对各单元和部分监测仪器加装传感器,实现了对系统和仪器设备关键节点运行状态参数的全方位实时调取.根据实际需求研发了系统管理软件,实现了区域环境水质自动监测网统一的信息全方位采集与多级传输,运行状态参数的远程监控与反控,监测数据有效性的自动判别与自动审核,监测信息的在线查询发布与管理,运行维护绩效的自动评估和系统一站式管理.目前该系统在山东省得到了全面应用,保证了监测数据的准确性、可比性与时效性,为实现水质安全预警提供了技术保障,为各级政府制定环境水质改善措施提供了科学依据,收到了显著成效.%Studies and researches were done concerning issues like remote monitoring and counter-monitoring of water quality automatic monitoring station, automatic audit of monitoring data, evaluation upon onsite-maintenance behavior, as well as centralized management of water quality automatic monitoring network. The comprehensive and real-time collection of running status parameters from the system and instrument essential points can be realized through updating & rebuilding of water quality automatic monitoring station onsite public computer (PLC), and adding electrodes to each unit and part of monitoring instruments. System management software was developed based on the actual demand, which enabled the comprehensive collection and multi-level communication of unified data from regional environmental water quality automatic monitoring network, remote monitoring and counter-monitoring of the running status parameters, automatic diagnosis and audit to the effectiveness of monitoring data, online query, release and management of the

  10. MAD-MEX: Automatic Wall-to-Wall Land Cover Monitoring for the Mexican REDD-MRV Program Using All Landsat Data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Steffen Gebhardt

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Estimating forest area at a national scale within the United Nations program of Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD is primarily based on land cover information using remote sensing technologies. Timely delivery for a country of a size like Mexico can only be achieved in a standardized and cost-effective manner by automatic image classification. This paper describes the operational land cover monitoring system for Mexico. It utilizes national-scale cartographic reference data, all available Landsat satellite imagery, and field inventory data for validation. Seven annual national land cover maps between 1993 and 2008 were produced. The classification scheme defined 9 and 12 classes at two hierarchical levels. Overall accuracies achieved were up to 76%. Tropical and temperate forest was classified with accuracy up to 78% and 82%, respectively. Although specifically designed for the needs of Mexico, the general process is suitable for other participating countries in the REDD+ program to comply with guidelines on standardization and transparency of methods and to assure comparability. However, reporting of change is ill-advised based on the annual land cover products and a combination of annual land cover and change detection algorithms is suggested.

  11. A Novel Vehicle Classification Using Embedded Strain Gauge Sensors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qi Wang

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: This paper presents a new vehicle classification and develops a traffic monitoring detector to provide reliable vehicle classification to aid traffic management systems. The basic principle of this approach is based on measuring the dynamic strain caused by vehicles across pavement to obtain the corresponding vehicle parameters – wheelbase and number of axles – to then accurately classify the vehicle. A system prototype with five embedded strain sensors was developed to validate the accuracy and effectiveness of the classification method. According to the special arrangement of the sensors and the different time a vehicle arrived at the sensors one can estimate the vehicle’s speed accurately, corresponding to the estimated vehicle wheelbase and number of axles. Because of measurement errors and vehicle characteristics, there is a lot of overlap between vehicle wheelbase patterns. Therefore, directly setting up a fixed threshold for vehicle classification often leads to low-accuracy results. Using the machine learning pattern recognition method to deal with this problem is believed as one of the most effective tools. In this study, support vector machines (SVMs were used to integrate the classification features extracted from the strain sensors to automatically classify vehicles into five types, ranging from small vehicles to combination trucks, along the lines of the Federal Highway Administration vehicle classification guide. Test bench and field experiments will be introduced in this paper. Two support vector machines classification algorithms (one-against-all, one-against-one are used to classify single sensor data and multiple sensor combination data. Comparison of the two classification method results shows that the classification accuracy is very close using single data or multiple data. Our results indicate that using multiclass SVM-based fusion multiple sensor data significantly improves

  12. The Automatic Telescope Network (ATN)

    CERN Document Server

    Mattox, J R

    1999-01-01

    Because of the scheduled GLAST mission by NASA, there is strong scientific justification for preparation for very extensive blazar monitoring in the optical bands to exploit the opportunity to learn about blazars through the correlation of variability of the gamma-ray flux with flux at lower frequencies. Current optical facilities do not provide the required capability.Developments in technology have enabled astronomers to readily deploy automatic telescopes. The effort to create an Automatic Telescope Network (ATN) for blazar monitoring in the GLAST era is described. Other scientific applications of the networks of automatic telescopes are discussed. The potential of the ATN for science education is also discussed.

  13. “两客一危”车载无线视频监控系统研究%Research of wireless video monitoring vehicle system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜敏

    2013-01-01

    为全面提升“两客一危”车辆的行驶安全和客运服务质量,利用加载了3G模块的无线视频监控车载终端系统,实现对车辆行驶记录、视频取证、远程视频监控的管理.车内安装摄像机、拾音器、紧急报警按钮和车载信息显示屏,分别作为视频图像、音频数据、紧急报警信息、GPS等信息的采集设备,采集后的信息经过车载硬盘录像机的处理之后.由车载硬盘录像机自带的3G无线通信模块发送给监控中心.%To improve the safety and service performance quality of long-distance and dangerous goods vehicle,the wireless video monitoring terminal system with 3G modules is designed to realize effective vehicle position,driving recording and remote video monitoring.On-board camera,pickups,emergency button and vehicle display are used for data acquisition which is transferred to monitor center with 3G wireless module.

  14. The applications of vehicle borne and ground gamma ray spectrometry in environmental radioactivity survey and monitoring: examples from the Philippines

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the light of the nuclear development all over the world, there is an increasing global awareness on matters related to radioactivity and radioactive accidents. As such, the Philippine Nuclear Research Institute (PNRI) acquired through a technical cooperation project with the International Atomic Energy Agency the vehicle borne (car borne) and portable (ground) gamma ray, spectrometers. The objectives of this project were to establish environmental baseline information on the natural radioactivity of the entire country and to generate radioelement maps for geological mapping and mineral resource assessment. The purpose of this paper is to present the results of the different surveys including the methodologies and techniques conducted in the country using both spectrometers in effectively mapping natural and man-made sources of radiation. A pilot survey was successfully carried out over the small island of Marinduque (989 km2) using the combined car borne and ground gamma ray spectrometric survey techniques. This was in preparation of the planned nationwide survey using this approach. Highlight of this study was the production of the first natural radioactivity maps within the country. Interestingly, these maps closely reflect the local geology of Marinduque Island. Car borne gamma ray spectrometric surveys were likewise undertaken at the former US naval base in Subic and US airforce base in Clark. This was due to mounting public concern over the presence of possible radioactive contamination or materials left behind by the US military forces in these bases. Results using the gamma-ray spectrum ratio technique indicated the absence of man-made sources of radiation in areas monitored within the two bases. A sizeable part of Metro Manila, the capital of the Philippines, has also been covered by the car borne survey. Results discovered an area with high measurements of thorium. The radiation source is coming from an establishment that uses thorium nitrate in

  15. Firing Dynamics Model Updating of Automatic Gun Weapon System in Certain Infantry Combat Vehicle%步兵战车自动炮武器系统发射动力学模型修正

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张金忠; 苏忠亭; 徐达; 赵富全

    2014-01-01

    The automatic gun firing dynamics model was built up and the simulation model was updated by use of the support vector machine response surface method based on the actual firing experiment so as to analyze the influence factor of firing precision.The finite element models of the gun barrel structure and turret structure were established by means of finite element analysis method,and the rigid-flexible cou-pled firing dynamics models of the infantry combat vehicle were set up based on the restricted relationship between components and joints of the weapon system.The test system was established and the actual fir-ing experiment was carried out by use of picking up the typical structure vibration characteristics in the burst firing of automatic gun based on the same boundary conditions.Aimed at the errors between the simula-tion data and the test data,the automatic gun firing dynamics model was updated.The updating results showed that the model updating method can increase the precision of firing dynamic model and more accurately reflect the framework dynamic characteristics of infantry combat vehicle automatic gun during the course of firing.%为提高自动炮武器系统发射动力学模型精度,基于实弹射击试验建立支持向量机响应面,对仿真模型进行了修正。应用有限元分析方法建立了双炮身管结构和炮塔结构有限元模型,基于武器系统各部件间的约束关系建立了步兵战车刚柔耦合发射动力学模型;基于相同边界条件,选取自动炮连发射击中典型结构的振动特性搭建了测试系统并进行了实弹射击试验;针对仿真数据与试验数据误差,引入支持向量机响应面方法对步兵战车刚柔耦合发射动力学模型进行了修正。修正结果表明,基于支持向量机响应面的模型修正方法大幅提高了自动炮武器系统发射动力学模型的精度,更准确地反映了自动炮射击过程中的机构动态特性。

  16. Monitoring of harmful gaseous emissions from land transport vehicles using a mid-infrared optical fibre sensor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mulrooney, Jim; Clifford, John; Fitzpatrick, Colin; Lewis, Elfed

    2006-04-01

    This paper discusses the development of an optical fibre sensor suitable for the detection of gas emissions from motor vehicles based on mid-infrared spectroscopy. Initial measurements are presented for carbon dioxide emissions from a petrol engine using low-cost mid-infrared components, and a practical detection system, which could be fitted to a vehicle, is outlined.

  17. 移动车载激光点云的道路标线自动识别与提取%Automatic Road Marking Detection and Extraction Based on LiDAR Point Clouds from Vehicle- Borne MMS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹晓亮; 缪剑; 郭锐增; 李星全; 赵桂华

    2012-01-01

    The research focuses on LiDAR point clouds of road surface acquired from vehicle - borne mobile mapping system - Land- Mark. An automatic road marking detection and extraction method is proposed. Combining LiDAR features of retro, angle and distance with the properties of traffic marking, point clouds of road marking is extracted. The road marking is best fitted in a least squares poly- nomial fitting method and CAD map is generated for automatic detection. Based on the experimental data from Sick laser scanner mounted on LandMark system, the experimental results show the method is feasible and available.%对移动车载激光测量LandMark系统获取的路面激光点云数据进行研究,结合激光点云的回波反射率、扫描角,以及量测距离等特征信息与道路标线的属性信息,提出了一种基于车载激光点云的道路标线自动识别与提取算法。从点云中提取道路标线,采用最小二乘线性最优拟合算法对提取的标线点云进行拟合,生成道路标线的CAD轮廓线,实现道路标线的自动化识别。以移动车载LandMark系统的Sick激光扫描仪获取的路面激光点云为例进行实验,实验结果表明该方法的可行性和有效性。

  18. Comment on Gebhardt et al. MAD-MEX: Automatic Wall-to-Wall Land Cover Monitoring for the Mexican REDD-MRV Program Using All Landsat Data. Remote Sens. 2014, 6, 3923–3943

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-François Mas

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Gebhardt et al. (2014 presented the Monitoring Activity Data for the Mexican REDD+ program (MAD-MEX, an automatic nation-wide land cover monitoring system for the Mexican REDD+ MRV. Though MAD-MEX represents a valuable first effort toward establishing a national reference emissions level for the implementation of REDD+ in Mexico, in this paper, we argue that this land cover system has important limitations that may prevent it from becoming operational for REDD+ MRV. Specifically, we show that (1 the accuracy assessment of MAD-MEX land cover maps is optimistically biased; (2 the ability of MAD-MEX to monitor land cover change, including deforestation and forest degradation; is poor and (3 the use of an entirely automatic classification approach, such as that followed by MAD-MEX, is highly problematic in the case of a large and heterogeneous country like Mexico. We discuss these limitations and call into question the ability of a land cover monitoring system, such as MAD-MEX, both to elaborate a national reference emissions level and to monitor future forest cover change, as part of a REDD+ MRV system. We provide some insights with the aim of improving the development of nation-wide land cover monitoring systems in Mexico and elsewhere.

  19. Application of automatic fire monitor extinguishing system in large indoor amusement park%自动消防炮灭火系统在大型室内游乐场的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毛科峰; 张连军

    2013-01-01

    以宁波市罗蒙室内游乐场为例,对适用于大空间场所的水消防自动灭火系统进行对比分析,选用了自动消防炮灭火系统.详细介绍了自动消防炮稳高压给水系统的管网水头损失、供水压力及稳压设施技术参数等的计算过程.%Taking Ningbo Romon indoor amusement park for example,the automatic fire monitoring extinguishing system was selected after comparatively analyzing water fire extinguishing system for large-space site.The calculation process of head loss of the automatic fire monitor water supply system of stable-high pressure,the fire water supply pressure and the technical parameters of stable pressure facilities were introduced in detail.

  20. Real Time Vehicle Tracking System using GSM and GPS Technology- An Anti-theft Tracking System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kunal Maurya

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available A vehicle tracking system is an electronic device installed in a vehicle to enable the owner or a third party to track the vehicle's location. This paper proposed to design a vehicle tracking system that works using GPS and GSM technology, which would be the cheapest source of vehicle tracking and it would work as anti-theft system. It is an embedded system which is used for tracking and positioning of any vehicle by using Global Positioning System (GPS and Global system for mobile communication (GSM. This design will continuously monitor a moving Vehicle and report the status of the Vehicle on demand. For doing so an AT89C51 microcontroller is interfaced serially to a GSM Modem and GPS Receiver. A GSM modem is used to send the position (Latitude and Longitude of the vehicle from a remote place. The GPS modem will continuously give the data i.e. the latitude and longitude indicating the position of the vehicle. The same data is sent to the mobile at the other end from where the position of the vehicle is demanded. When the request by user is sent to the number at the GSM modem, the system automatically sends a return reply to that mobile indicating the position of the vehicle in terms of latitude and longitude in real time.

  1. 基于船舶AIS信息的可疑船只监测研究%Monitoring of Intrusive Vessels Based on an Automatic Identification System (AIS)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭浩; 张晰; 安居白; 李冠宇

    2013-01-01

    中国海洋资源丰富,邻国船只时常非法航入中国领海或经济专属区.为了有效地保护和开发海洋资源,利用船舶自动识别系统(AIS)提供的船位、船速及航向等动态信息与船名、呼号、吃水及危险货物等静态信息,对某邻国船只于2012年4月在其专属经济区以及中国海域航行特征和船只特征进行分析.%Vessels from the neighboring countries often enter into the territorial waters and exclusive economic zone of China illegally.In order to protect our marine resources,this paper analyzes the characteristics and sailing features of ships from one neighboring country of China that entered the exclusive economic zone and the sea of China in April 2012.In particular,an automatic identification system (AIS) is used to collect the related information regarding ships,such as position,speed,heading,name,call sign,draft and dangerous goods carried,etc.Then,the geographic distribution,velocity and regular route pattern of vessels are used to develop a ship traffic information database.This paper provides an effective way for monitoring intrusive vessels,in order to protect China's marine rights.

  2. 污水处理厂污染源排放过程的自动监控%Automatic Monitoring of Discharge Process of Pollution Sources from Municipal Sewage Treatment Plant

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高晓晶; 马立学; 黄德承

    2015-01-01

    为提高污染源自动监控水平,实现由“点末端监控”向“全过程监控”的转变,我国自2012年在全国开展了污染源排放过程(工况)的自动监控系统试点的建设工作,文章简要介绍了城镇污水处理厂污染源排放过程(工况)的自动监控系统的组成与特点、发展现状等,并对运用实例情况进行了阐述分析。%In order to improve the level of automatic monitoring of polution sources, and realize the transformation from the “end monitoring” to the “whole process monitoring”, the pilot construction of automatic monitoring system for polution sources (operating mode) has been carried out in China since 2012. The paper brielfy introduces the system composition, characteristics, development status of automatic monitoring of polution sources in town sewage treatment plant.

  3. Study on Ground Automatic Identification Technology for Intelligent Vehicle Based on Vision Sensor%基于视觉传感器的自主车辆地面自动辨识技术研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔根群; 余建明; 赵娴; 赵丛琳

    2011-01-01

    The ground automatic identification technology for intelligent vehicle is iaking Leobor-Edu autonomous vehicle as a test vector and using DH-HV2003UC-T vision sensor to collect image infarmaiion of five common lane roads( cobbled road, concrete road, dirt road, grass road, tile road) , then using MATLAB image processing module to perform coding compression, recovery reconstruction, smoothing, sharpening, enhancement, feature extraction and other related processing,then using MATLAB BP neural network module to carry on pattern recognition.Through analyzing the pattern recognition result, lt shows that the objective error is 20%, the road recognition rate has reached the intended requirement in the system,and it can be universally applied in the smart vehicle or robots and other related fields.%谊自主车辆地面自动辨识技术是以Leobot-Edu自主车辆作为试验载体,并应用DH-HV2003UC-T视觉传感器对常见的5种行车路面(石子路面、水泥路面、土壤路面、草地路面、砖地路面)进行图像信息的采集,应用Matlab图像处理模块对其依次进行压缩编码、复原重建、平滑、锐化、增强、特征提取等相关处理后,再应用Matlab BP神经网络模块进行模式识别.通过对模式识别结果分析可知,网络训练目标的函数误差为20%,该系统路面识别率达到预定要求,可以在智能车辆或移动机器人等相关领域普及使用.

  4. Design of Automatic Monitoring System about Closed with Double Machine Frame Hoist%双机闭式启闭机自动化监控系统设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁军; 钱钧

    2014-01-01

    武定门节制闸工程启闭机已运行近50年,存在安全性差,控制方式简单,启闭及控制设备布置分散、零乱,设备运行维护困难等隐患,故对启闭机进行更新改造,重新设计自动监控系统控制保护方式。针对现代工程管理特点,将启闭方式改为双机闭式启闭,自动监控系统采用分层布置,自动监控保护主要设计为现地和远方电气控制2种形式,实现对闸门的自动化控制,保障工程运行的可靠性。%The hoist of Wudingmen check gate has been in operation for nearly 50 years, there are many disadvantages such as poor safety, simplely control mode. The arrangement of opening and closing equipment, and controlling equipment is dispersed and messy. And the equipment is difficult to run and maintain. All of these cause serious hidden danger. Therefore, the hoist of Wudingmen check gate has to be update. The control protection mode and the automatic monitoring system of the hoist are redesigned. According to the characteristics of the modern project management, the opening and closing mode is changed to the double machine closed. The layout of the automatic monitoring system is stratified. The automatic monitoring protection is designed to be two forms as the spot electrical control and the distant electrical control to realize the automatic control of the gate and guarantee the reliability of the engineering operation.

  5. Application Research on Vehicles Location Monitoring Based on Android in Mobile Environment%在移动环境下基于Android的车辆位置信息监控应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶红卫

    2012-01-01

    The paper proposes the vehicles location monitoring based on Android.Based on Web service,vehicles GPS information can be published.Through strong Web functions of Android platform and Google Maps,vehicles location can be monitored by vehicles location monitoring system in mobile environment.%提出基于Android的车辆位置信息监控,通过建立Web服务发布车辆的GPS信息,利用Android平台的强大的网络功能及Google Maps位置感知,解决了在移动环境下车辆GPS监控系统对车辆位置信息进行监控的问题。

  6. Vehicle Tracking for an Evasive Manoeuvres Assistant Using Low-Cost Ultrasonic Sensors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felipe Jiménez

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Many driver assistance systems require knowledge of the vehicle environment. As these systems are increasing in complexity and performance, this knowledge of the environment needs to be more complete and reliable, so sensor fusion combining long, medium and short range sensors is now being used. This paper analyzes the feasibility of using ultrasonic sensors for low cost vehicle-positioning and tracking in the lane adjacent to the host vehicle in order to identify free areas around the vehicle and provide information to an automatic avoidance collision system that can perform autonomous braking and lane change manoeuvres. A laser scanner is used for the early detection of obstacles in the direction of travel while two ultrasonic sensors monitor the blind spot of the host vehicle. The results of tests on a test track demonstrate the ability of these sensors to accurately determine the kinematic variables of the obstacles encountered, despite a clear limitation in range.

  7. Vehicle tracking for an evasive manoeuvres assistant using low-cost ultrasonic sensors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiménez, Felipe; Naranjo, José E; Gómez, Oscar; Anaya, José J

    2014-01-01

    Many driver assistance systems require knowledge of the vehicle environment. As these systems are increasing in complexity and performance, this knowledge of the environment needs to be more complete and reliable, so sensor fusion combining long, medium and short range sensors is now being used. This paper analyzes the feasibility of using ultrasonic sensors for low cost vehicle-positioning and tracking in the lane adjacent to the host vehicle in order to identify free areas around the vehicle and provide information to an automatic avoidance collision system that can perform autonomous braking and lane change manoeuvres. A laser scanner is used for the early detection of obstacles in the direction of travel while two ultrasonic sensors monitor the blind spot of the host vehicle. The results of tests on a test track demonstrate the ability of these sensors to accurately determine the kinematic variables of the obstacles encountered, despite a clear limitation in range. PMID:25460817

  8. Development of a DC propulsion system for an electric vehicle

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelledes, W. L.

    1984-01-01

    The suitability of the Eaton automatically shifted mechanical transaxle concept for use in a near-term dc powered electric vehicle is evaluated. A prototype dc propulsion system for a passenger electric vehicle was designed, fabricated, tested, installed in a modified Mercury Lynx vehicle and track tested at the contractor's site. The system consisted of a two-axis, three-speed, automatically-shifted mechanical transaxle, 15.2 Kw rated, separately excited traction motor, and a transistorized motor controller with a single chopper providing limited armature current below motor base speed and full range field control above base speed at up to twice rated motor current. The controller utilized a microprocessor to perform motor and vehicle speed monitoring and shift sequencing by means of solenoids applying hydraulic pressure to the transaxle clutches. Bench dynamometer and track testing was performed. Track testing showed best system efficiency for steady-state cruising speeds of 65-80 Km/Hz (40-50 mph). Test results include acceleration, steady speed and SAE J227A/D cycle energy consumption, braking tests and coast down to characterize the vehicle road load.

  9. Automatic Reading

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡迪

    2007-01-01

    <正>Reading is the key to school success and,like any skill,it takes practice.A child learns to walk by practising until he no longer has to think about how to put one foot in front of the other.The great athlete practises until he can play quickly,accurately and without thinking.Ed- ucators call it automaticity.

  10. ELECTROMAGNETIC BIOSPHERE POLLUTION BY MOTOR TRANSPORT (VEHICLES, ELECTRIC VEHICLES, HYBRID VEHICLES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Selivanov

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The physics of the electromagnetic field is considered. The analysis of electromagnetic radiation on the human-being, the origin of which is the vehicle the electric vehicle, the hybrid vehicle is being considered. The monitoring of electromagnetic radiation of vehicles is carried out.

  11. ELECTROMAGNETIC BIOSPHERE POLLUTION BY MOTOR TRANSPORT (VEHICLES, ELECTRIC VEHICLES, HYBRID VEHICLES)

    OpenAIRE

    S. Selivanov; V. Filenko; А. Bazhynov; E. Budianskaya

    2009-01-01

    The physics of the electromagnetic field is considered. The analysis of electromagnetic radiation on the human-being, the origin of which is the vehicle the electric vehicle, the hybrid vehicle is being considered. The monitoring of electromagnetic radiation of vehicles is carried out.

  12. Vehicle detection from high-resolution aerial images based on superpixel and color name features

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Ziyi; Cao, Liujuan; Yu, Zang; Chen, Yiping; Wang, Cheng; Li, Jonathan

    2016-03-01

    Automatic vehicle detection from aerial images is emerging due to the strong demand of large-area traffic monitoring. In this paper, we present a novel framework for automatic vehicle detection from the aerial images. Through superpixel segmentation, we first segment the aerial images into homogeneous patches, which consist of the basic units during the detection to improve efficiency. By introducing the sparse representation into our method, powerful classification ability is achieved after the dictionary training. To effectively describe a patch, the Histogram of Oriented Gradient (HOG) is used. We further propose to integrate color information to enrich the feature representation by using the color name feature. The final feature consists of both HOG and color name based histogram, by which we get a strong descriptor of a patch. Experimental results demonstrate the effectiveness and robust performance of the proposed algorithm for vehicle detection from aerial images.

  13. Research on algorithm of automatically recognizing andpositioning road manhole covers based on vehicle-mounted sensors%基于车载传感器的路面井盖自动定位识别算法研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘建华

    2011-01-01

    The fast recognizing and positioning of municipal manhole covers is an important problem needed to be addressed for promoting digital management of modern cities. In view of the above problem, this paper proposed an algorithm, to automatically recognize and position road manhole covers under complex background in natural scene based on vehicle-mounted sensors. Taking the elliptical geometrical characteristic of manhole cover in perspective image captured by vehicle-mounted sensors as criterion, the algorithm firstly extracted edge information by employing vector edge detection method. Secondly constructed a contour list with boundary through contour tracing, then imitated and quickly generated all the possible elliptical targets in the contour list by means of least square fitting method. Subsequently eliminated the elliptical targets without relationship corresponding to road manhole covers according to their shape features, and last formed accurate results of recognition and position. Experiment shows that generally the algorithm is able to achieve real-time manhole cover targets recognition rapidly and effectively for images conforming to quality standard of data capturing.%市政井盖快速定位与识别是提升现代城市部件空间数字化管理水平需要解决的重要问题,针对该问题提出基于车载传感器的复杂背景下路面井盖目标自动定位识别算法.该算法以车载传感器获取的透视图像中井盖所具有的椭圆形几何特征为判据,先利用矢量边缘检测方法提取边缘信息,再运用轮廓跟踪法将边缘构造成轮廓链表,然后通过最小二乘法拟合与快速生成轮廓链表中可能存在的椭圆目标,并根据井盖的形状特征排除透视图中与路面井盖无对应关系的虚假椭圆目标,最终形成高精度定位识别结果.实证研究表明,对达到数据采集质量标准的图像,在一般情况下该算法能较好地实现其中市政井盖的实时定位识别.

  14. 41 CFR 102-34.75 - Who is responsible for monitoring our compliance with fuel economy standards for motor vehicles...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ....75 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management Regulations System (Continued) FEDERAL MANAGEMENT REGULATION PERSONAL PROPERTY 34-MOTOR VEHICLE MANAGEMENT Obtaining Fuel Efficient Motor... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Who is responsible...

  15. Fiber Bragg Grating Sensor/Systems for In-Flight Wing Shape Monitoring of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parker, Allen; Richards, Lance; Ko, William; Piazza, Anthony; Tran, Van

    2006-01-01

    A viewgraph presentation describing an in-flight wing shape measurement system based on fiber bragg grating sensors for use in Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) is shown. The topics include: 1) MOtivation; 2) Objective; 3) Background; 4) System Design; 5) Ground Testing; 6) Future Work; and 7) Conclusions

  16. 基于 Arduino 的车载监控终端设计%The Design of Vehicle Monitoring Terminal Based on Arduino

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘群; 张建华; 邹常丰; 王磊磊

    2016-01-01

    In order to realize the real‐time position and control of the vehicle on the intelligent mobile phone ,a mobile monitoring terminal is designed . The terminal uses the Arduino which is open source hardware as the main controller ,at the same time use GPS ,GPRS ,CAN and other modules ,collect and process the positioning data and vehicle status and other information ,upload to the communication server . T he mobile terminal can obtain the data on the server and send the control command to the server to return to the main controller of the vehicle terminal .T he master controller executes the corresponding operation according to the command ,so as to realize the real‐time control of the vehicle .%为实现智能手机对车辆的实时定位、控制,设计一款车载移动监控终端。终端采用开源硬件A rduino作为主控制器,同时利用GPS、GPRS、CAN等模块,采集并处理定位数据及车辆状态等信息,并上传到通信服务器。智能手机端可获取服务器上的信息并发送控制命令至服务器后返回到车载端的主控制器,主控制器根据命令执行相应操作,从而实现对车辆的实时控制。

  17. 浅析污染源自动监控数据质量控制与应用%Analysis on Pollutant Source Automatic Monitoring and Controlling Data Quality Control and Its Application

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄梅

    2013-01-01

      As the country's economic development, industrialization and urbanization accelerated, expanded space for economic development, but the concomitant environmental pollution problems are becoming more serious and increasing pressure on resources and environment for sustainable development. The Party Central Committee and the State Council has put environmental protection on the more important strategic position, vigorously develop the pollutant source automatic monitoring system construction. This article focused on how to strengthen the quality control of pollutant source automatic monitoring data, improve data accuracy, legitimacy, in order to fully apply environmental management and full play the pollutant source automatic monitoring and controlling the effectiveness of the system.%  随着国家经济的发展,工业化和城市化加速,扩大了经济发展空间,但伴随而来的环境污染问题也日益严重,可持续发展的资源和环境压力日益加剧。党中央、国务院把环境保护摆上了更加重要的战略位置,大力发展污染源自动监控系统建设。本文主要探讨如何加强污染源自动监控数据质量控制,提高数据的准确性、合法性,以全面应用于环境管理,切实发挥污染源自动监控系统的效用。

  18. Automatic water quality monitoring system of live fish transport tank%活鱼运输箱水质自动监控系统的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    洪苑乾; 胡月来; 黄汉英; 赵思明; 王观; 熊善柏

    2013-01-01

    为保证鱼在高密度长途运输过程中的存活,需将水体的pH、DO、温度等参数控制在一个合适的范围内。为此研究了一套活鱼运输箱自动监控系统:使用检测仪器和传感器测定主要水质参数;通过过滤系统清除运输过程中鱼的排泄物以控制pH,通过增氧泵及复合增氧剂控制水的溶氧量,通过冷热水机组控制水的温度。最终确定了集装箱式冷水性鱼类活鱼运输的操作规程为:挑选、暂养、预冷、装箱、运输、复温。试验结果表明:经过挑选与暂养、预冷后,在鱼水比为1∶2的高密度活鱼运输箱中,可以将水体温度控制在7℃以下,温度变化速度<2℃/h,溶氧量8~13 mg/L,pH 6.5~8,运输时间超过72 h,鱼的存活率可达95%。%In order to ensure the survival of the fish , the pH, dissolved oxygen, temperature and other parameters should be controlled in a suitable range in the process of long-distance transportation of high density .This article describes an automatic monitoring system ,using pH meters dissolved oxygen analyzer and temperature sensor to detect related parameters respectively .During the transportation process, the fish excrement was cleared by a filter system , which helped to control the pH .The Dissolved oxygen in water was controlled by an oxygen pump and a composite oxygen-increasing agent.Also, the water temperature was controlled through the chiller water system .through tests, the operational rules of container transportation of live fish were determined as follow:appraisal, temporary culture, pre-cool, encasement, transport, re-warming.The results showed that after appraisal and temporary culture , the survival rate of fish can reach as high as 95%after 72 hour's transportation under the condition of a 1∶2 mass rate of water to fish, pH 6.5-8, the temperature controlled at 7 ℃ and the temperature change rate is less than 2 ℃/h, dissolved oxygen content

  19. Snow-cover dynamics monitored by automatic digital photography at the rooting zone of an active rock glacier in the Hinteres Lantal Cirque, Austria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kellerer-Pirklbauer, Andreas; Rieckh, Matthias; Avian, Michael

    2010-05-01

    Knowledge regarding snow-cover dynamics and climatic conditions in the rooting zone of active rock glaciers is still limited. The number of meteorological stations on the surface of or close to active rock glaciers is increasing. However, areal information on snow-cover distribution and its spatial dynamics caused by different processes on rock glaciers surfaces with a high temporal resolution from such remote alpine areas are mostly difficult to obtain. To face this problem an automatic remote digital camera (RDC) system was proprietary developed. The core parts of the RDC system are a standard hand-held digital camera, a remote control, a water proof casing with a transparent opening, a 12V/25Ah battery and solar panels with a charge controller. Three such devices were constructed and installed at different sites in the Central Alps of Austria. One RDC system is used to monitor the rooting zone of the highly active rock glacier in the Hinteres Langtal Cirque (46°59'N, 12°47'E), Central Schober Mountains, Austria. The 0.15 km² large NW-facing rock glaciers is tongue-shaped with a fast moving lower part (>1m/a) and a substantially slower upper part, ranging in elevation between 2455-2700 m a.s.l. The RDC system was set up in September 2006 and is located since than at 2770 m a.s.l. on a pronounced ridge crest that confines the Hinteres Langtal Cirque to the SW. The water proof casing was attached to a 1.5 m high metal pole which itself was fixed to the bedrock by screws and concrete glue. The viewing direction of the camera is NE. Hence, the image section of the RDC focuses on the rooting zone of the rock glacier and its headwalls up to c. 3000 m a.s.l. Photographs were taken daily at 3 pm providing the optimal lighting conditions in the relevant part of the cirque. 720 photographs were taken continuously in the period 12.09.2006 to 31.08.2008. These optical data were analysed by applying GIS and remote sensing techniques regarding snow-cover distribution

  20. Integrated Health Monitoring and Fast on-Line Actuator Reconfiguration Enhancement (IHM-FLARE) System for Air Vehicles Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — SSCI proposes to develop innovative algorithms for the integration of Health Monitoring (HM) subsystem with the existing FLARE (Fast on-Line Actuator...

  1. Logistics Company Real-time Vehicle Monitoring in Google Maps%Google Maps环境下的物流公司车辆实时监控

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯春莉; 奚砚涛; 徐慧晨

    2011-01-01

    随着社会的发展,服务行业的不断健全,物流公司作为集代理国际国内航空货运出港、物流配送、航空速递、汽车运输、铁路运输、仓储、城际配送于一体,跨区域、网络化、信息化、智能化、具有供应链管理能力的综合性行业,也发展的十分迅速.物流公司承载着如此多的服务,而车辆作为物流公司的主要工具,在其中占有着重要的地位.该网站系统是基于Google Maps API而实现的对物流公司车辆实时监控及调度,利用JSP+MuSQL对页面进行设计并同时能够对常用信息进行查询.车辆的实时查询监控调度可以在很大程度上提高车辆的利用率,从而增加公司的效益.%With the current development of society.and the service industry's constantly improving, logistics company as a integrated trade develop very quickly, and which including agent the departure of international and domestic air cargo, logistics distribution, air express, motor transport, rail transport, storage, inter-city distribution. In addition, the logistics company is also own inter-regional netwroking, information, intelligence, which also has supply chain management capabilities. Logistics company carries so many services, vehicle which plays an important role as a major tool in logistics company. The site was based on the Google Maps API to achieve the real-time monitoring of vehicle, using JSP + MySQL on page design and could also be queried the general information. Real-time vehicle monitoring and dispatching queries can greatly improve the efficiency of vehicles, thereby improving the company's efficiency.

  2. STUDY ON SHIFT SCHEDULE OF AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION TO IMPROVE ENGINEERING VEHICULAR EFFICIENCY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gong Jie; Zhao Dingxuan; Huang Haidong; Gong Wenbin; Chen Ying

    2004-01-01

    New shift schedule for automatic transmission is proposed from the point of view of saving energy.The bench-test of automatic shift adopting this shift schedule is done on automatic transmission's test-bed.The experimental results show the shift schedule is correct.This shift schedule has enriched the theory of vehicle automatic maneuvering and will improve the efficiency of hydrodynamic drive system of the vehicle.

  3. 光功率远程实时自动监测方法研究及实现%Method research and realization of optical power remote real-time automatic monitoring

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    易丛琴; 宋国强

    2011-01-01

    Remote real-time monitoring of optical power is one of the important methods of fiber transmission network remote real-time monitor, may monitor performance deterioration of fiber network which caused by the failure of fiber and optical cable.Realize the optical power remote monitoring of Agilent 86142B optical spectrum analyzer. Connect Agilent 86142B optical spectrum analyzer with the computer by GBIP interface card, using object-oriented programming method to finish the optical power remote automatic monitoring.%光功率远程实时监测对光纤光缆故障导致光纤网络性能恶化起到监控作用,是光纤传输网远程实时监控的重要手段之一.实现了安捷伦86142B光谱分析仪光功率测试的远程实时监测.安捷伦86142B光谱分析仪通过GBIP接口卡与计算机的PCI接口相连,采用面向对象的方法编程实现光功率的远程自动监测.

  4. 基于虚拟仪器的温室远程监控自动滴灌系统%Greenhouse Remote Monitoring Automatic Drip Irrigation System Based on Virtual Instrument

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺洪江; 李伟

    2013-01-01

    Based on virtual instrument technology and CAN bus technology, the greenhouse remote monitoring automatic drip irrigation system is designed. Its hardware and software are introduced, respectively. The CAN intelligent node with STM32 singlechip as the core collects the signal from soil moisture sensor and uploads it to the LabVIEW monitoring platform, then drives the electromagnetic valve to complete drip irrigation work according to the calculation result of LabVIEW monitoring system and the feedback signal from pressure sensor. Through the related experiments, the results show that the system can realize the automatic monitoring of drip irrigation process. The system has simple hardware, high reliability and can greatly reduce the cost.%基于虚拟仪器技术和CAN总线技术,设计了温室远程监控自动滴灌系统,分别对系统的硬件和软件做了说明.以STM32单片机为核心的CAN智能节点采集土壤湿度传感器的信号上传到LabVIEW监控平台,根据监控系统计算的结果和压力传感器的反馈信号驱动电磁阀完成滴灌工作.通过相关实验,结果表明系统能够实现滴灌过程的远程自动监控.系统硬件简单、可靠性高并且可以大大降低成本.

  5. Application of Automatic Water Quality Monitoring System Based on the Internet of Things in Xitang River%基于物联网技术的苏州西塘河水质自动监测系统

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    盛林华; 郭岳玲; 汪瑜

    2015-01-01

    苏州西塘河水质自动监测系统采用物联网技术,其目的是在点线面源的适当位置安装各种自动监测仪器、数据采集传输设备,通过各种有线或无线方式与监控中心的通信服务器相连,实现7×24在线的实时通讯.以水质仪器为感知节点能将水质情况实时发送到主管部门,用以实现水质监测、水质调配等应用,以及各种更大规模的信息处理和共享.%Suzhou Xitang river water quality automatic monitoring system is based on the Internet of things, with the purpose of installing a variety of automatic monitoring instruments, data acquisition and transmission e-quipment in the proper position of points, lines and plane sources. The real-time 7 * 24 communication is realized by the communication server with various cables or wireless mode and the monitoring center. In this way, the qual-ity of the instrument for the perception of the node will be able to send water quality data to the competent authori-ties, in order to achieve water quality monitoring and water quality operation, to achieve a variety of information processing and sharing.

  6. Monitor

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Agency for International Development — A custom-built, dual-language (English and Spanish) system (http://www.monitor.net.co/) developed by DevTech that debuted in January 2011. It features a central PMP...

  7. VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION TASK SOLUTION BY WINDSCREEN MARKING WITH A BARCODE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Levterov

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The vehicle identification means are considered and the present-day traffic requirements are set. The vehicle automatic identification method concerned with barcode use is proposed and described.

  8. MULTI-FUNCTION VEHICLE NAVIGATION AND MONITORING SYSTEM IN URBAN AREAS%城市多功能车辆导航监控系统

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈雪松; 刘建业; 孙永荣; 陈武

    2005-01-01

    针对智能运输系统对车辆导航定位和综合信息采集的要求,提出了一种集成高精度车辆导航系统和车载"黑匣子"的多功能车辆导航监控系统.首先分析了该多功能系统的结构和原理,进而研究融合"蓝牙"路标辅助车辆定位的GPS/DR/MM/BB组合高精度导航定位方案和GPS/DR最优卡尔曼滤波组合算法.大量的实际跑车试验结果表明该系统方案是可行的.它不仅能够进行高精度的导航定位,同时有效地实现了"黑匣子"行驶记录功能.%A vehicle navigation and monitoring system integrated by a high precision navigation system and a vehicle black-box is studied to satisfy the demand for the intelligent transportation system (ITS). Firstly, the architecture of the system is proposed. Then the integration scheme of global positioning system/dead reckoning/bluetooth beacon/map matching (GPS/DR/BB/MM) with the bluetooth assistant positioning technology, and the algorithm of the Kalman filter for the integrated GPS/DR are investigated. Finally many field trials for principle prototypes are made. Experimental results show that the proposed integrated navigation algorithm is effective and feasible, and the function of the vehicle black-box is realized.

  9. Variable load automatically tests dc power supplies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burke, H. C., Jr.; Sullivan, R. M.

    1965-01-01

    Continuously variable load automatically tests dc power supplies over an extended current range. External meters monitor current and voltage, and multipliers at the outputs facilitate plotting the power curve of the unit.

  10. Chemiluminescent methods and instruments for monitoring of the atmosphere and satellite validation on board of research aircrafts and unmanned aerial vehicles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sitnikov, Nikolay; Borisov, Yuriy; Akmulin, Dimitry; Chekulaev, Igor; Sitnikova, Vera; Ulanovsky, Alexey; Sokolov, Alexey

    The results of development of instruments based on heterophase chemiluminescence for measurements of space distribution of ozone and nitrogen oxides concentrations on board of research aircrafts and unmanned aerial vehicles carried out in Central Aerological Observatory are presented. Some results of atmospheric investigations on board of research aircrafts M55 “Geophysica” (Russia) and “Falcon” (Germany) carried out using developed instruments in frame of international projects are demonstrated. Small and low power instruments based on chemiluminescent principle for UAV are developed. The results of measurements on board of UAV are shown. The development can be used for satellite data validation, as well as operative environmental monitoring of contaminated areas in particular, chemical plants, natural and industrial disasters territories, areas and facilities for space purposes etc.

  11. Automatic License Plate Recoganization System Based on Image Processing Using LabVIEW

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rachana Chahar

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Automatic License plate recognition (ALPR system is one kind of an intelligent transport system and is of considerable interest because of its potential applications in highway electronic toll collection and traffic monitoring systems. This allows traffic fines to be automatically generated and sent to the appropriate violator without the need for human intervention. An ALPR system can be located on the side of or above a roadway, at a toll booth, or at another type of entrance way. All ALPR systems follow a basic high level process. The process starts when a sensor detects the presence of a vehicle and signals the system camera to record an image of the passing vehicle. The image is passed on to a computer where software running on the computer extracts the license plate number from the image. License plate numbers can then be recorded in a database with other information such as time vehicle past and speed of vehicle. And finally, chain code concept with different parameter is used for recognition of the characters. The performance of the proposed algorithm has been tested on real images. The Proposed system has been implemented using Vision Assistant {&} LabVIEW

  12. Automatic localization of backscattering events due to particulate in urban areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaudio, P.; Gelfusa, M.; Malizia, Andrea; Parracino, Stefano; Richetta, M.; Murari, A.; Vega, J.

    2014-10-01

    Particulate matter (PM), emitted by vehicles in urban traffic, can greatly affect environment air quality and have direct implications on both human health and infrastructure integrity. The consequences for society are relevant and can impact also on national health. Limits and thresholds of pollutants emitted by vehicles are typically regulated by government agencies. In the last few years, the interest in PM emissions has grown substantially due to both air quality issues and global warming. Lidar-Dial techniques are widely recognized as a costeffective alternative to monitor large regions of the atmosphere. To maximize the effectiveness of the measurements and to guarantee reliable, automatic monitoring of large areas, new data analysis techniques are required. In this paper, an original tool, the Universal Multi-Event Locator (UMEL), is applied to the problem of automatically indentifying the time location of peaks in Lidar measurements for the detection of particulate matter emitted by anthropogenic sources like vehicles. The method developed is based on Support Vector Regression and presents various advantages with respect to more traditional techniques. In particular, UMEL is based on the morphological properties of the signals and therefore the method is insensitive to the details of the noise present in the detection system. The approach is also fully general, purely software and can therefore be applied to a large variety of problems without any additional cost. The potential of the proposed technique is exemplified with the help of data acquired during an experimental campaign in the field in Rome.

  13. Arm7 Based Evolution in Vehicle Mobility and Automation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mr. N. S. Vaidya

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The “Arm7 Based Evolution In Vehicle Mobility And Automation”, various sensor is used to detect various parameters of the vehicle system like Temperature sensor is used to detect engine temperature, Light sensor is used to switch on head light at night automatically, proximity sensor are used for driver as well as driver side seat belt wearing information, figure print sensor are used to open the vehicle as well as start the car. Micro serial data card reader is used here to work as a black box of the vehicle, whenever accident happen it can give all the last information which is stored in to memory card to the investigator, which is easy to detect the cause of accident. The smartness of this vehicle is to tell all the information or sensor output data audibly to the vehicle owner or driver and driver side seat passenger. All the things can be controlled by one system which is ARM7 and information is also displayed on LCD monitor

  14. 水质自动监测系统的运行管理与质量控制%Operation Management and Quality Control of Water Quality Automatic Monitoring System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵利娜

    2015-01-01

    The article mainly introduces the construction situation of water quality automatic monitoring system, analyzes quality assurance system and the implementary quality assurance measure in the operation and management progress, discusses operation management and quality control of online water quality monitoring system and provides effective technical support for water quality management in Shanghai. Through the management and control before and after, it found that the monitoring system can guarantee monitoring water quality of Suzhou River, continuously and steadily.%介绍上海市苏州河干流水质自动监测系统的建设情况,分析在运行管理过程中,制定的各项质保制度及实施的质量控制措施,对水质在线监测系统的运行管理和质量控制进行探讨,为上海水体质量管理工作提供有效的技术支撑。通过管理和控制前后的比对发现,监测系统可以保证实时动态、连续稳定地监测苏州河水质。

  15. Monitoring of heavy metal levels in roadside dusts of Thessaloniki, Greece in relation to motor vehicle traffic density and flow.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ewen, Caroline; Anagnostopoulou, Maria A; Ward, Neil I

    2009-10-01

    In recent years, the level of heavy metal pollution in urban areas has been of considerable concern. The principal source has been attributed to the motor vehicle and increasing inner city congestion, which has lead to a change and enlargement of transport stop-start zones. These areas of high traffic density are associated with an increased release of heavy metals into the adjacent residential or commercial areas. Seventy-five roadside dust samples were collected throughout the inner city and by-pass motorway areas of Thessaloniki, Northern Greece. Samples were taken from arterial, major and minor roads, as well as the ring road, to compare and contrast the levels of heavy metals, namely Cu, Zn, Cd, Mn and Pb. Flame Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (FAAS) was developed to quantitatively determine concentrations of both total element and geochemical fractionation, within the two dust particulate fraction sizes congestion/stop-start traffic patterns did influence and have led to increased levels of heavy metal deposition along inner city roads compared to levels observed on the new relief ring road. Dust particulate fraction sizes were only found to show statistically significant differences in cadmium and manganese, at the probability P 0.05 or 95% confidence limit. Road type was seen to have little affect on cadmium and manganese, though lead, copper and zinc were all found to show higher levels on the inner city routes. This can be related back to the wear-and-tear of vehicle components as a result of the stop-start traffic patterns (brake pads etc). Both Pb and Zn have shown to be in chemical forms that are bio available to ecosystems.

  16. Karst show caves - how DTN technology as used in space assists automatic environmental monitoring and tourist protection - experiment in Postojna Cave

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gabrovšek, F.; Grašič, B.; Božnar, M. Z.; Mlakar, P.; Udén, M.; Davies, E.

    2014-02-01

    The paper presents an experiment demonstrating a novel and successful application of delay- and disruption-tolerant networking (DTN) technology for automatic data transfer in a karst cave early warning and measuring system. The experiment took place inside the Postojna Cave in Slovenia, which is open to tourists. Several automatic meteorological measuring stations are set up inside the cave, as an adjunct to the surveillance infrastructure; the regular data transfer provided by the DTN technology allows the surveillance system to take on the role of an early warning system (EWS). One of the stations is set up alongside the railway tracks, which allows the tourist to travel inside the cave by train. The experiment was carried out by placing a DTN "data mule" (a DTN-enabled computer with WiFi connection) on the train and by upgrading the meteorological station with a DTN-enabled WiFi transmission system. When the data mule is in the wireless drive-by mode, it collects measurement data from the station over a period of several seconds as the train without stopping passes the stationary equipment, and delivers data at the final train station by the cave entrance. This paper describes an overview of the experimental equipment and organization allowing the use of a DTN system for data collection and an EWS inside karst caves where there is regular traffic of tourists and researchers.

  17. Karst show caves – how DTN technology as used in space assists automatic environmental monitoring and tourist protection – experiment in Postojna cave

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. Gabrovšek

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents an experiment demonstrating a novel and successful application of Delay- and Disruption-Tolerant Networking (DTN technology for automatic data transfer in a karst cave Early Warning and Measuring System. The experiment took place inside the Postojna Cave in Slovenia, which is open to tourists. Several automatic meteorological measuring stations are set up inside the cave, as an adjunct to the surveillance infrastructure; the regular data transfer provided by the DTN technology allows the surveillance system to take on the role of an Early Warning System (EWS. One of the stations is set up alongside the railway tracks, which allows the tourist to travel inside the cave by train. The experiment was carried out by placing a DTN "data mule" (a DTN-enabled computer with WiFi connection on the train and by upgrading the meteorological station with a DTN-enabled WiFi transmission system. When the data mule is in the wireless drive-by mode, it collects measurement data from the station over a period of several seconds as the train passes the stationary equipment, and delivers data at the final train station by the cave entrance. This paper describes an overview of the experimental equipment and organisation allowing the use of a DTN system for data collection and an EWS inside karst caves where there is a regular traffic of tourists and researchers.

  18. Monitoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... its main source of fuel. To keep your blood sugar level on target and avoid problems with your eyes, kidneys, heart and feet, you should eat right ... better. And monitoring doesn’t stop at measuring blood sugar levels. Because ... blood testing) Eye health (eye exams) Foot health (foot exams and ...

  19. STUDY ON SHIFT SCHEDULE AND SIMULATION OF AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    From the point of view of saving energy, a new shift schedule and auto-controlling strategy for automatic transmission are proposed. In order to verify this shift schedule,a simulation program using a software package of Matlab/Simulink is developed. The simulation results show the shift schedule is correct. This shift schedule has enriched the theory of vehicle automatic maneuvering and will improve the efficiency of hydrodynanic drive system of the vehicle.

  20. 基于Google Maps的车辆监控系统关键技术研究%A Research of the Key Technique of Vehicle Monitoring System Based on Google Maps

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴晓彬; 周超

    2012-01-01

    This paper introduces the key technique of vehicle monitoring system based on WebGIS,discusses the advantages of constructing vehicle monitoring system based on Google Maps,and realizes vehicle positioning,position query,trace playback and asynchronous data communication using Google Maps and Ajax.%介绍了基于WebGIS的车辆监控系统关键技术,讨论了基于Google Maps构建车辆监控系统的优越性,利用Google Maps和Ajax实现了车辆定位,位置查询,轨迹回放,异步数据通信等关键技术。

  1. Automatic-Control Challenges in Future Urban Vehicles: A Blend of Chassis, Energy and Networking Management Les défis de la commande automatique dans les futurs véhicules urbains : un mélange de gestion de châssis, d’énergie et du réseau

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Savaresi S.M.

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The topic of this paper is the discussion of new challenges that the scientific field of automatic-control will face in the next decades, in the area of vehicles control. The focus is on urban vehicles for personal mobility, since this type of vehicles will be subject to the biggest changes in the next decades. The paper is articulated in three sections – in a top-down framework – briefly addressing and discussing the following items: the main drivers, which will force a change in urban personal mobility; the main types of vehicles, which are expected to address at best such drivers; the main automatic-control challenges on such type of vehicles. The scope of this paper is purposely non-technical. Its aim is mainly to discuss the emerging new challenges from the perspective of the automatic-control scientists and practitioners. The goal of the paper is to establish a discussion framework on the problems and opportunities, which will arise in this field, in the near future. Le sujet du présent article est une discussion sur les nouveaux défis auxquels le domaine scientifique de la commande automatique des véhicules va faire face dans les prochaines décennies. L’accent est mis sur les véhicules urbains destinés à une mobilité individuelle, puisque c’est ce type de véhicules qui va faire l’objet des plus grands changements dans les prochaines décennies. Le présent article s’articule, selon une démarche descendante, en trois sections abordant et discutant brièvement les éléments suivants : les principaux moteurs qui vont imposer un changement en matière de mobilité individuelle; les principaux types de véhicules qui sont attendus pour répondre au mieux à de tels moteurs et les principaux défis de la commande automatique sur un tel type de véhicules. À dessein, la portée du présent article est non technique. Son but est principalement de discuter les nouveaux défis émergeants, à partir de perspectives des

  2. Portal, freight and vehicle monitor performance using scintillating glass fiber detectors for the detection of plutonium in the Illicit Trafficking Radiation Assessment Program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Neutron-sensitive scintillating glass fiber sensors provide several advantages over neutron-sensitive gas-tuber for plutonium detection and surveillance. Large area detectors and higher effective neutron capture density provide significant improvements in sensitivity versus cost. The glass sensors offer a wide dynamic counting range, fast response time, no transport hazard, greater operator safety and lower micro-phonic susceptibility relative to conventional 3He and 10BF3 sensors. Testing methods used in Illicit Trafficking Radiation Assessment Program and experience in evaluating the performance of the portal, freight and vehicle monitors for customs applications employing these new sensors is reported. Results of false and real alarm tests and distribution tests are presented and compared to previous Monte Carlo and first principle calculations. These earlier calculations determined the detection limits for neutron glass panels used for continuous monitoring of special nuclear materials. Assumptions used in the model assumed a nominal background count rate for neutrons of 0.010 n x cm-2 x s-1, an intrinsic neutron efficiency of 20% and an alarm set point of 5.2 sigma representing one false alarm per month. Measured neutron data taken with 252Cf and several gamma ray sources confirm the calculated data. Calculations assume an unshielded source and are conservative because they do not include environmental improvements in neutron economy. The results demonstrate that these systems are capable of reliably detecting special nuclear materials (SNM) and other radionuclides within a few seconds. (author)

  3. Rapid, Repeat-sample Monitoring of Crustal Deformations and Environmental Phenomena with the Uninhabited Aerial Vehicle Synthetic Aperture Radar

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Robert C.

    2006-01-01

    The Uninhabited Aerial Vehicle Synthetic Aperture Radar (UAVSAR) is a precision repeat-pass Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR) mission being developed by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory and the Dryden Flight Research Center in support of NASA s Science Mission Directorate. UAVSAR's unique ability to fly a repeatable flight path, along with an electronically steerable array, allows interferometric data to be obtained with accuracies measured in millimeters. Deploying the radar on an airborne platform will also allow for radar images to be collected and compared with images from the same area taken hours or even years later - providing for long-term trending and near real-time notification of changes and deformations. UAVSAR s data processing algorithms will provide for near-real time data reduction providing disaster planning and response teams with highly accurate data to aid in the prediction of, and response to, natural phenomena. UAVSAR data can be applied to increasing our understanding of the processes behind solid earth, cryosphere, carbon cycle and other areas of interest in earth science. Technologies developed for UAVSAR may also be applicable to a future earth-orbiting InSAR mission and possibly for missions to the Moon or Mars. The UAVSAR is expected to fly on a Gulfstream III aircraft this winter, followed by a flight test program lasting until the second half of 2007. Following radar calibration and data reduction activities, the platform will be ready for science users in the summer of 2008.

  4. Monitoring the invasion of Spartina alterniflora using very high resolution unmanned aerial vehicle imagery in Beihai, Guangxi (China).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wan, Huawei; Wang, Qiao; Jiang, Dong; Fu, Jingying; Yang, Yipeng; Liu, Xiaoman

    2014-01-01

    Spartina alterniflora was introduced to Beihai, Guangxi (China), for ecological engineering purposes in 1979. However, the exceptional adaptability and reproductive ability of this species have led to its extensive dispersal into other habitats, where it has had a negative impact on native species and threatens the local mangrove and mudflat ecosystems. To obtain the distribution and spread of Spartina alterniflora, we collected HJ-1 CCD imagery from 2009 and 2011 and very high resolution (VHR) imagery from the unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV). The invasion area of Spartina alterniflora was 357.2 ha in 2011, which increased by 19.07% compared with the area in 2009. A field survey was conducted for verification and the total accuracy was 94.0%. The results of this paper show that VHR imagery can provide details on distribution, progress, and early detection of Spartina alterniflora invasion. OBIA, object based image analysis for remote sensing (RS) detection method, can enable control measures to be more effective, accurate, and less expensive than a field survey of the invasive population.

  5. High-Throughput 3-D Monitoring of Agricultural-Tree Plantations with Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) Technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torres-Sánchez, Jorge; López-Granados, Francisca; Serrano, Nicolás; Arquero, Octavio; Peña, José M

    2015-01-01

    The geometric features of agricultural trees such as canopy area, tree height and crown volume provide useful information about plantation status and crop production. However, these variables are mostly estimated after a time-consuming and hard field work and applying equations that treat the trees as geometric solids, which produce inconsistent results. As an alternative, this work presents an innovative procedure for computing the 3-dimensional geometric features of individual trees and tree-rows by applying two consecutive phases: 1) generation of Digital Surface Models with Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) technology and 2) use of object-based image analysis techniques. Our UAV-based procedure produced successful results both in single-tree and in tree-row plantations, reporting up to 97% accuracy on area quantification and minimal deviations compared to in-field estimations of tree heights and crown volumes. The maps generated could be used to understand the linkages between tree grown and field-related factors or to optimize crop management operations in the context of precision agriculture with relevant agro-environmental implications.

  6. Monitoring the Invasion of Spartina alterniflora Using Very High Resolution Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Imagery in Beihai, Guangxi (China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huawei Wan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Spartina alterniflora was introduced to Beihai, Guangxi (China, for ecological engineering purposes in 1979. However, the exceptional adaptability and reproductive ability of this species have led to its extensive dispersal into other habitats, where it has had a negative impact on native species and threatens the local mangrove and mudflat ecosystems. To obtain the distribution and spread of Spartina alterniflora, we collected HJ-1 CCD imagery from 2009 and 2011 and very high resolution (VHR imagery from the unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV. The invasion area of Spartina alterniflora was 357.2 ha in 2011, which increased by 19.07% compared with the area in 2009. A field survey was conducted for verification and the total accuracy was 94.0%. The results of this paper show that VHR imagery can provide details on distribution, progress, and early detection of Spartina alterniflora invasion. OBIA, object based image analysis for remote sensing (RS detection method, can enable control measures to be more effective, accurate, and less expensive than a field survey of the invasive population.

  7. Monitoring the invasion of Spartina alterniflora using very high resolution unmanned aerial vehicle imagery in Beihai, Guangxi (China).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wan, Huawei; Wang, Qiao; Jiang, Dong; Fu, Jingying; Yang, Yipeng; Liu, Xiaoman

    2014-01-01

    Spartina alterniflora was introduced to Beihai, Guangxi (China), for ecological engineering purposes in 1979. However, the exceptional adaptability and reproductive ability of this species have led to its extensive dispersal into other habitats, where it has had a negative impact on native species and threatens the local mangrove and mudflat ecosystems. To obtain the distribution and spread of Spartina alterniflora, we collected HJ-1 CCD imagery from 2009 and 2011 and very high resolution (VHR) imagery from the unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV). The invasion area of Spartina alterniflora was 357.2 ha in 2011, which increased by 19.07% compared with the area in 2009. A field survey was conducted for verification and the total accuracy was 94.0%. The results of this paper show that VHR imagery can provide details on distribution, progress, and early detection of Spartina alterniflora invasion. OBIA, object based image analysis for remote sensing (RS) detection method, can enable control measures to be more effective, accurate, and less expensive than a field survey of the invasive population. PMID:24892066

  8. High-Throughput 3-D Monitoring of Agricultural-Tree Plantations with Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV Technology.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Torres-Sánchez

    Full Text Available The geometric features of agricultural trees such as canopy area, tree height and crown volume provide useful information about plantation status and crop production. However, these variables are mostly estimated after a time-consuming and hard field work and applying equations that treat the trees as geometric solids, which produce inconsistent results. As an alternative, this work presents an innovative procedure for computing the 3-dimensional geometric features of individual trees and tree-rows by applying two consecutive phases: 1 generation of Digital Surface Models with Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV technology and 2 use of object-based image analysis techniques. Our UAV-based procedure produced successful results both in single-tree and in tree-row plantations, reporting up to 97% accuracy on area quantification and minimal deviations compared to in-field estimations of tree heights and crown volumes. The maps generated could be used to understand the linkages between tree grown and field-related factors or to optimize crop management operations in the context of precision agriculture with relevant agro-environmental implications.

  9. High-Throughput 3-D Monitoring of Agricultural-Tree Plantations with Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) Technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torres-Sánchez, Jorge; López-Granados, Francisca; Serrano, Nicolás; Arquero, Octavio; Peña, José M

    2015-01-01

    The geometric features of agricultural trees such as canopy area, tree height and crown volume provide useful information about plantation status and crop production. However, these variables are mostly estimated after a time-consuming and hard field work and applying equations that treat the trees as geometric solids, which produce inconsistent results. As an alternative, this work presents an innovative procedure for computing the 3-dimensional geometric features of individual trees and tree-rows by applying two consecutive phases: 1) generation of Digital Surface Models with Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) technology and 2) use of object-based image analysis techniques. Our UAV-based procedure produced successful results both in single-tree and in tree-row plantations, reporting up to 97% accuracy on area quantification and minimal deviations compared to in-field estimations of tree heights and crown volumes. The maps generated could be used to understand the linkages between tree grown and field-related factors or to optimize crop management operations in the context of precision agriculture with relevant agro-environmental implications. PMID:26107174

  10. Learning slip behavior using automatic mechanical supervision

    OpenAIRE

    Angelova, Anelia; Matthies, Larry; Helmick, Daniel; Perona, Pietro

    2007-01-01

    We address the problem of learning terrain traversability properties from visual input, using automatic mechanical supervision collected from sensors onboard an autonomous vehicle. We present a novel probabilistic framework in which the visual information and the mechanical supervision interact to learn particular terrain types and their properties. The proposed method is applied to learning of rover slippage from visual information in a completely auto...

  11. Computer systems for automatic earthquake detection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stewart, S.W.

    1974-01-01

    U.S Geological Survey seismologists in Menlo park, California, are utilizing the speed, reliability, and efficiency of minicomputers to monitor seismograph stations and to automatically detect earthquakes. An earthquake detection computer system, believed to be the only one of its kind in operation, automatically reports about 90 percent of all local earthquakes recorded by a network of over 100 central California seismograph stations. The system also monitors the stations for signs of malfunction or abnormal operation. Before the automatic system was put in operation, all of the earthquakes recorded had to be detected by manually searching the records, a time-consuming process. With the automatic detection system, the stations are efficiently monitored continuously. 

  12. The Monitoring System for the Important Technics Signals of Automatic Control System%控制系统重要工艺信号报警次数监测系统

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史翔

    2011-01-01

    主要描述了从DCS自动控制系统提取和发布重要工艺信号报警次数。控制系统重要工艺信号报警次数监测系统不仅能够对可能发生的事故进行预警,降低事故发生的概率,也为生产管理、设备检修提供了科学依据,更为企业管理提供了科学的、量化的管理手段,在煤炭和煤化工行业有着很广泛的应用前景。%The paper mainly describes how to collect and publish the alarm data of important technics signals from DCS automatic control system. The monitoring system of the important technics signals in automatic control system is not only able to warn the accidents, cut down the rate of accidents, but offer the basis for production management and equipment repairing. It also provides the scientific and quantified management means. Now it is widely applied in coal and chemical industry.

  13. 基于PLC自动灌装线监控系统设计%The Design of Automatic Filling Line Monitoring System Based on PLC

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林静; 刘美

    2014-01-01

    The automatic filling line was widely used in many industial procduction such as daily chemical, food and grease to filling all kinds of liquid and capacity products. In this paper an automatic filling line control system was designed, which is an intergrate application of PLC, touch screen, communication bus, sensors and variable frequency technology .The system can display the work status in real time, and easily to be setting the operating frequency of motor, which improved the speeding and accurate of the filling process.The filling line has advantages such as easy to be operatting,more stable and reliable,which improves the efficiency of the filling line and the product quality.%自动灌装线广泛适用于日化、食品、油脂等各行业,可灌装不同液体类、不同容量产品。对PLC实现多功能自动灌装生产线的控制系统进行了设计,设计是集PLC、触摸屏、通信总线、传感器及变频等技术为一体的综合应用,能实时显示各槽工件数;能设定传送带电机的工作频率;实时显示运行位置,快速准确的控制液位,使灌装线具有良好的可靠性和协调性,具有操作简便、运行稳定与可靠等诸多特点,提高了灌装线的工作效率和产品的质量。

  14. 浅谈空气质量自动监测系统的准确度审核%A Discussion on Accuracy Audit of Air Quality Automatic Monitoring System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁鸾; 刘俊; 师建中

    2012-01-01

    Take the regional air monitoring network of the Pearl River Delta as example, the paper introduces the accuracy audit of the air quality automatic monitoring system, which mainly includes the contents, methods, steps, data processing, effective targets and so on. The article also presents the common problems of the accuracy audit and their causes, based on the continuous 7 - year working experience of the regional monitoring network.%以粤港珠江三角洲区域空气监控网络为例,介绍了空气质量自动监测系统准确度审核的内容、方法、步骤、数据处理、成效目标等,并结合粤港空气网连续7a进行准确度审核工作的经验,对审核时常见的问题及原因进行了分析。

  15. PLC在钢坯温度自动监控系统中的应用%The Application of PLC in Automatic TemperatureMonitoring System of Steel Billet

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈昱明; 陈彦; 王红

    2001-01-01

    提出了一种以PC+PLC结构组成的钢坯温度自动监控系统,并对该系统的构成、功能作了介绍。较详细地讨论了系统中PLC的程序设计,包括对AD模块的编程技术;给出了相应的PLC梯形图程序%An automatic temperature monitoring system composed of PC+PLC is stated. The composition and the functions of the system are introduced. The program design for PLC in this system and the programming technology for the AD module is presented in detail. The ladder logic program of PLC is given.

  16. Monitoring Inflation and Emplacement During the 2014-2015 Kilauea Lava Flow With an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perroy, R. L.; Turner, N.; Hon, K. A.; Rasgado, V.

    2015-12-01

    Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) provide a powerful new tool for collecting high resolution on-demand spatial data over volcanic eruptions and other active geomorphic processes. These data can be used to improve hazard forecasts and emergency response efforts, and also allow users to economically and safely observe and quantify lava flow inflation and emplacement on spatially and temporally useful scales. We used a small fixed-wing UAV with a modified point-and-shoot camera to repeatedly map the active front of the 2014-2015 Kīlauea lava flow over a one-month period in late 2014, at times with a two-hour repeat interval. An additional subsequent flight was added in July, 2015. We used the imagery from these flights to generate a time-series of 5-cm resolution RGB and near-infrared orthoimagery mosaics and associated digital surface models using structure from motion. Survey-grade positional control was provided by ground control points with differential GPS. Two topographic transects were repeatedly surveyed across the flow surface, contemporaneously with UAV flights, to independently confirm topographic changes observed in the UAV-derived surface models. Vertical errors were generally 10 cm. Inside our 50 hectare study site, the flow advanced at a rate of 0.47 hectares/day during the first three weeks of observations before abruptly stalling out 4 m. New outbreak areas, both on the existing flow surface and along the flow margins, were readily mapped across the study area. We detected sinuous growing inflation ridges within the flow surface that correlated with subsequent outbreaks of new lava, suggesting that repeat UAV flights can provide a means of better predicting pahoehoe lava flow behavior over flat or uneven topography. Our results show that UAVs can generate accurate and digital surface models quickly and inexpensively over rapidly changing active pahoehoe lava flows.

  17. 汽车自动变速器故障诊断专家系统的研究%Research on the Fault Diagnoses Expert System of Vehicle Automatic Transmission

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋鸣雷

    2013-01-01

    Automatic transmission is a system integrating the machine, electricity and liquid. The fault diagnosis of automatic transmission is very dif icult. At present, the fault diagnosis expert system is the development direction of automatic transmission diagnostic technology. By using the production rule and the frame representation, knowledge base and the fault tree of automatic transmission is are constructed, and the expert system is designed by applying forward reasoning mechanism. The fault diagnosis expert system of automatic transmission is developed by using Visual Basic 6 and Microsoft Access 2003 as the programming language.%  汽车自动变速器是集机、电、液于一体的系统,其故障诊断难度大,故障诊断专家系统是目前汽车自动变速器故障诊断技术的发展方向。利用产生式规则和框架表示法构建知识库,建立自动变速器工作异常故障树并应用正向推理机制对专家系统进行了设计,以Visual Basic 6.0、Microsoft Access 2003为编程语言开发了自动变速器故障诊断专家系统。

  18. Intelligent behaviors through vehicle-to-vehicle and vehicle-to-infrastructure communication

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia, Richard D.; Sturgeon, Purser; Brown, Mike

    2012-06-01

    The last decade has seen a significant increase in intelligent safety devices on private automobiles. These devices have both increased and augmented the situational awareness of the driver and in some cases provided automated vehicle responses. To date almost all intelligent safety devices have relied on data directly perceived by the vehicle. This constraint has a direct impact on the types of solutions available to the vehicle. In an effort to improve the safety options available to a vehicle, numerous research laboratories and government agencies are investing time and resources into connecting vehicles to each other and to infrastructure-based devices. This work details several efforts in both the commercial vehicle and the private auto industries to increase vehicle safety and driver situational awareness through vehicle-to-vehicle and vehicle-to-infrastructure communication. It will specifically discuss intelligent behaviors being designed to automatically disable non-compliant vehicles, warn tractor trailer vehicles of unsafe lane maneuvers such as lane changes, passing, and merging, and alert drivers to non-line-of-sight emergencies.

  19. Failure of classical traffic flow theories: Stochastic highway capacity and automatic driving

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kerner, Boris S.

    2016-05-01

    In a mini-review Kerner (2013) it has been shown that classical traffic flow theories and models failed to explain empirical traffic breakdown - a phase transition from metastable free flow to synchronized flow at highway bottlenecks. The main objective of this mini-review is to study the consequence of this failure of classical traffic-flow theories for an analysis of empirical stochastic highway capacity as well as for the effect of automatic driving vehicles and cooperative driving on traffic flow. To reach this goal, we show a deep connection between the understanding of empirical stochastic highway capacity and a reliable analysis of automatic driving vehicles in traffic flow. With the use of simulations in the framework of three-phase traffic theory, a probabilistic analysis of the effect of automatic driving vehicles on a mixture traffic flow consisting of a random distribution of automatic driving and manual driving vehicles has been made. We have found that the parameters of automatic driving vehicles can either decrease or increase the probability of the breakdown. The increase in the probability of traffic breakdown, i.e., the deterioration of the performance of the traffic system can occur already at a small percentage (about 5%) of automatic driving vehicles. The increase in the probability of traffic breakdown through automatic driving vehicles can be realized, even if any platoon of automatic driving vehicles satisfies condition for string stability.

  20. Vehicle monitoring under Vehicular Ad-Hoc Networks (VANET) parameters employing illumination invariant correlation filters for the Pakistan motorway police

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gardezi, A.; Umer, T.; Butt, F.; Young, R. C. D.; Chatwin, C. R.

    2016-04-01

    A spatial domain optimal trade-off Maximum Average Correlation Height (SPOT-MACH) filter has been previously developed and shown to have advantages over frequency domain implementations in that it can be made locally adaptive to spatial variations in the input image background clutter and normalised for local intensity changes. The main concern for using the SPOT-MACH is its computationally intensive nature. However in the past enhancements techniques were proposed for the SPOT-MACH to make its execution time comparable to its frequency domain counterpart. In this paper a novel approach is discussed which uses VANET parameters coupled with the SPOT-MACH in order to minimise the extensive processing of the large video dataset acquired from the Pakistan motorways surveillance system. The use of VANET parameters gives us an estimation criterion of the flow of traffic on the Pakistan motorway network and acts as a precursor to the training algorithm. The use of VANET in this scenario would contribute heavily towards the computational complexity minimization of the proposed monitoring system.

  1. Vehicle to Vehicle Services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brønsted, Jeppe Rørbæk

    2008-01-01

    As computing devices, sensors, and actuators pervade our surroundings, new applications emerge with accompanying research challenges. In the transportation domain vehicles are being linked by wireless communication and equipped with an array of sensors and actuators that make is possible to provide...... location aware infotainment, increase safety, and lessen environmental strain. This dissertation is about service oriented architecture for pervasive computing with an emphasis on vehicle to vehicle applications. If devices are exposed as services, applications can be created by composing a set of services...... and governing the flow of data among them. In pervasive computing, composing services is, however, not the whole story. To fully realize their potential, applications must also deal with challenges such as device heterogeneity, context awareness, openendedness, and resilience to dynamism in network connectivity...

  2. Review of research on automatic monitoring techniques for the assessment of particulate matter; Overzicht van onderzoek naar automatische meetmethoden voor het vaststellen van fijn stof

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Van Arkel, F.T.; Kummu, P.J.; Van Loon, J.P.L.; Van der Meulen, A.; Severijnen, M.; Visser, J.H.

    2007-07-01

    This report describes studies on current techniques for determining the concentration of the fine fraction (PM2.5) of particulate matter in the troposphere. The performance of the sampling technology for PM2.5 was investigated by means of a literature study based on a selection of publications (after 2000) comparing the automatic sampler method with the reference method. It was the wish of the concerned authorities to investigate the performance of the PM2.5 methods and to harmonize measurement methodology. A careful selection of PM2.5-samplers is important if the PM2,5 methodology is to be improved. This meant considering at least the method's principle, the range of application, the effect of different configurations, effects of varied ambient conditions and uncertainties. The study's purpose was to facilitate the assessment of both the PM2.5 measurement method performance and the process of harmonization and/or normalization. [Dutch] Dit rapport beschrijft de 'stand der techniek' van meetmethoden voor het vaststellen van de concentratie zwevende deeltjes in de troposfeer, gericht op de fijne fractie, de zogenaamde PM2,5-fractie. De beschrijving van de prestaties van de meetmethoden volgens de huidige stand van de techniek is gebaseerd op een literatuurstudie en op eigen ervaringen van de deelnemende instituten. De studie richt zich op de vergelijkbaarheid van de automatische meetmethoden met de standaardmethode (referentie). Het is de wens van de betrokken meetinstanties om de ervaringen met PM2,5-meetmethoden te inventariseren en om onderling de meetstrategie af te stemmen. Een zorgvuldige selectie van een PM2,5-meetmethode is daarbij van belang. Doel van het rapport is de betrokken meetinstanties te ondersteunen met een overzicht van de prestaties van verschillende meetmethoden. Daarnaast draagt het rapport bij tot het proces van normaliseren en/of harmoniseren van meetmethoden.

  3. Automatic safety monitoring system and warning modes for artificial islands in coastal areas%滩海人工岛工程安全监测自动化系统与预警模式研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    焦志斌; 李运辉; 娄炎; 何宁

    2012-01-01

    系统分析了滩海人工岛工程运营期安全监测的特点,确定了安全监测内容,开发建立了国内首个滩海人工岛工程安全监测自动化系统,首次分析提出了滩海人工岛运行期监测的预警模式和预警指标。运行期滩海人工岛的安全预警包括两方面的内容:设计环境因素预警和岛体安全监测预警。岛体安全监测预警指标为围堤水平位移和围堤沉降;预警模式为根据监测数据变化,结合海域冲淤、断面浅剖,以及边坡安全稳定分析,分级提出预警,并给出了工程应对措施,为滩海人工岛工程运行期阶段的安全建设和管理提供了技术依据和保障。%The characteristics of safety monitoring for artificial islands in coastal areas during the operation stage are systematically analyzed. The relevant monitoring items are determined. The first automatic safety monitoring system for the artificial islands in coastal areas in China has been developed. The warning indices and modes for the safety monitoring of the artificial islands in coastal areas during the operation stage are put forward. The warning for the safety of the artificial islands in coastal areas during the operation stage includes the following two aspects: warning of design environment and waming of safety monitoring of islands. The warning indices include the horizontal displacement and settlement of embankments. The warning modes are hierarchical ones according to the variation of monitoring data, deposition and erosion in sea areas, shallow cutting of sections and stability analysis of slopes. The relevant countermeasures for the engineering safety are put forward so as to provide the technical basis and support for the safe construction and management of the artificial islands in coastal areas during the operation stage.

  4. A REVIEW OF COMPUTER VISION SYSTEM FOR THE VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION AND CLASSIFICATION FROM ONLINE AND OFFLINE VIDEOS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Baljit Singh Mokha

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The traffic on the roads is increasing day by day. There is dire need of developing an automation system that can effectively manage and control the traffic on roads. The traffic data of multiple vehicle types on roads is also important for taking various decisions related to traffic. A video based traffic data collection system for multiple vehicle types is helpful for monitoring vehicles under homogenous and heterogeneous traffic conditions. In this paper, we have studied different methods for the identification, classification and counting vehicles from online and offline videos in India as well as other countries. The paper also discusses the various applications of video based automatic traffic control system. The various challenges faced by the researchers for developing such systems are also discussed.

  5. Implementation of an Automatic System for the Monitoring of Start-up and Operating Regimes of the Cooling Water Installations of a Hydro Generator

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ioan Pădureanu

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The safe operation of a hydro generator depends on its thermal regime, the basic conditions being that the temperature in the stator winding fall within the limits of the insulation class. As the losses in copper depend on the square current in the stator winding, it is necessary that the cooling water debit should be adapted to the values of these losses, so that the winding temperature falls within the range of the values prescribed in the specifications. This paper presents an efficient solution of commanding and monitoring the water cooling installations of two high-power hydro generators.

  6. Application of Two Class Data Auditing System on Ambient Air Automatic Monitoring in Shanghai%市和区县两级环境空气自动监测数据审核系统在上海的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    包权

    2015-01-01

    由上海市环境监测中心和软件公司共同开发的市和区县两级环境空气自动监测数据审核系统,主要由区县监测站负责辖区自动监测数据的一级审核,市级监测站承担二级审核的责任。作为环境空气质量保证/质量控制体系的重要一环,新系统的建立极大地提高了上海市环境空气自动监测数据的有效性和数据质量。%The two class data auditing system on ambient air automatic monitoring is developed by Shanghai Environmental Monito-ring Center (SEMC)and software company.The first class auditing of automatic monitoring data is implemented by district monito-ring stations,and the second class is by SEMC.As an important part of QA /QC system on ambient air monitoring,the quality and validity of automatic monitoring data has been greatly enhanced after the establishment of new auditing system in Shanghai.

  7. Design of Automatic Monitoring System for Underground Coal Mine Drainage%煤矿主扇风机在线监控系统设计研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李立晶

    2013-01-01

    By taken ventilator of the mine as an example, the paper select the S7-300 processor and the other module to establish the PLC PC hardware system, and then analyzes the measurement methods of each parameter in fan, and determines the sensor selection. Finally, it estab-lishes communication mechanism of data resource configuration and the software structure of the computer monitoring software design. the main fan monitoring and control system based on OPC communication protocol is established.%本文将某矿主通风机作为实例进行分析,首先选择S7-300处理器以及其他模块,建立了PLC上位机硬件系统,接着分析了风机运行各参数的测量方法,并确定了传感器的选型,最后从通信机制建立、数据资源配置及软件结构三方面进行了上位机监控软件设计,最终建立了基于OPC通信协议的主扇风机监测控制系统。

  8. Design and Implementation of Wireless Vehicle Monitoring Terminal Based on the STM32%基于STM32的无线车载监控终端的设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方菁

    2012-01-01

      This paper designed a vehicle monitoring terminal based on STM32 and wireless communication.This monitoring system using GPRS as communication protocol between vehicle terminal and monitor center,using GPS for automobile current position real-time positioning,using the camera to take pictures of the designated area by timer mode or trigger mode based on G-sensor.Photographs sent to the monitor center by GPRS,at the same time saved to local memory as backup storage and USB acquisition.This monitoring system can be applied to taxi and other vehicle monitoring for supervision.%  本文设计了一种以STM32单片机为核心的无线车载监控终端,该监控系统采用GPRS无线通讯方式和监控中心通讯,使用GPS对汽车当前位置实时定位,使用摄像头以定时拍照和加速度传感器触发拍照的模式对指定区域拍照,拍摄的照片以无线方式发送到控制中心,同时支持本地存储器备份存储和USB采集。该监控系统可以应用于出租车等营运车辆的监控监管。

  9. Design and Realization of Mechanized Mining Automatic Monitoring System%综采自动化监控系统设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫孝姮; 付华; 刘南; 陈伟华

    2011-01-01

    Aimed at the coal mine underground mining control system existing control little quantity, lower communication rate,poor stability problem,this paper designed a general monitoring system on mine underground mechanized mining which the object is load logic control, environmental parameters monitoring and fault handling of mechanized mining process. It realized several control mode of scraper conveyor, crusher, transshipment machine and control functions of along atresia. The practical operation shows that the system has excellent performance, high reliability, good stability. It plays an important role in mechanized mining.%针对目前国内煤矿井下综采控制系统存在的控制量少、通信速率低,稳定性差等问题,以煤矿井下综采工作面工艺流程为研究对象,以实现负载逻辑控制、环境参数监测与故障处理为目的,研究设计一套通用于煤矿井下综采工作面的监控系统,实现了对刮板运输机、破碎机、转载机等负载的多种控制模式以及沿线闭锁控制功能.实际运行表明该控制系统性能优良、可靠性高、稳定性好,在综采工作面发挥了重要作用.

  10. Feasible Path Planning for Autonomous Vehicles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vu Trieu Minh

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this paper is to find feasible path planning algorithms for nonholonomic vehicles including flatness, polynomial, and symmetric polynomial trajectories subject to the real vehicle dynamical constraints. Performances of these path planning methods are simulated and compared to evaluate the more realistic and smoother generated trajectories. Results show that the symmetric polynomial algorithm provides the smoothest trajectory. Therefore, this algorithm is recommended for the development of an automatic control for autonomous vehicles.

  11. Design of the Monitoring and Management System for Automatic Load Reduction in the Power Grid%电网自动减载监控管理系统设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏珍; 周骥飞; 翟晓磊

    2013-01-01

    The under frequency load shedding is one of the most effective measures to ensure the safe and stable operation of the power system.To address the existing problems such as slow response,a large quantity of work needed,lack of the systematic management in making the under frequency load shedding program,this paper presents a rational and reasonable design of the monitoring and management system for the automatic under frequency load reduction to improve the protection of the province-level,city-level and county-level power dispatching and control.This paper uses "an on-line evaluation method based on the network topology of power demand and supply balance" to realize the UFLS dynamic monitoring.Through studying the online and offline program strategies,dynamic simulation of the program execution and automatic generation of simulation analysis reports and statements are realized to enable smoother workflow,increase the work efficiency and enhance the professional management.%为确保电力系统安全稳定运行,低频减载是低频紧急控制最为有效的一种措施,针对低频减载方案制定响应速度慢、编制工作量大、缺乏系统管理的状况,对电网自动低频减载监控管理系统进行了合理设计,以提高省、地、县级调度第三道防线管理水平.采用“基于全网拓扑的电力需求平衡能力在线评估方法”,实现低频减载动态监控,通过在线和离线方案策略研究,动态模拟方案执行过程,自动生成模拟分析报告及各种报表,规范专业管理,使工作流程更加顺畅,提高了工作效率,实现电力平衡评估决策的标准化、系统化、条理化和高效化.

  12. Vision systems for manned and robotic ground vehicles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanders-Reed, John N.; Koon, Phillip L.

    2010-04-01

    A Distributed Aperture Vision System for ground vehicles is described. An overview of the hardware including sensor pod, processor, video compression, and displays is provided. This includes a discussion of the choice between an integrated sensor pod and individually mounted sensors, open architecture design, and latency issues as well as flat panel versus head mounted displays. This technology is applied to various ground vehicle scenarios, including closed-hatch operations (operator in the vehicle), remote operator tele-operation, and supervised autonomy for multi-vehicle unmanned convoys. In addition, remote vision for automatic perimeter surveillance using autonomous vehicles and automatic detection algorithms is demonstrated.

  13. Intelligent Vehicle Health Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paris, Deidre E.; Trevino, Luis; Watson, Michael D.

    2005-01-01

    As a part of the overall goal of developing Integrated Vehicle Health Management systems for aerospace vehicles, the NASA Faculty Fellowship Program (NFFP) at Marshall Space Flight Center has performed a pilot study on IVHM principals which integrates researched IVHM technologies in support of Integrated Intelligent Vehicle Management (IIVM). IVHM is the process of assessing, preserving, and restoring system functionality across flight and ground systems (NASA NGLT 2004). The framework presented in this paper integrates advanced computational techniques with sensor and communication technologies for spacecraft that can generate responses through detection, diagnosis, reasoning, and adapt to system faults in support of INM. These real-time responses allow the IIVM to modify the affected vehicle subsystem(s) prior to a catastrophic event. Furthermore, the objective of this pilot program is to develop and integrate technologies which can provide a continuous, intelligent, and adaptive health state of a vehicle and use this information to improve safety and reduce costs of operations. Recent investments in avionics, health management, and controls have been directed towards IIVM. As this concept has matured, it has become clear the INM requires the same sensors and processing capabilities as the real-time avionics functions to support diagnosis of subsystem problems. New sensors have been proposed, in addition, to augment the avionics sensors to support better system monitoring and diagnostics. As the designs have been considered, a synergy has been realized where the real-time avionics can utilize sensors proposed for diagnostics and prognostics to make better real-time decisions in response to detected failures. IIVM provides for a single system allowing modularity of functions and hardware across the vehicle. The framework that supports IIVM consists of 11 major on-board functions necessary to fully manage a space vehicle maintaining crew safety and mission

  14. 基于单片机温湿度监控系统的设计%Design of Automatic Temperature and Humidity Monitoring System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    This paper introduces the design of an real-time temperature and humidity monitoring system ,which uses a humidity sensor HS1100/HS1101 to collecte humidity data ,and applies a digital temperature sensor DS18B20 to acquire temperature data . The PC and the lower machine are connected by USB serial port ,the SCM AT89C52 processes the collected data and shows the temperature and humidity on LCD real-timely .When the temperature achieved the set value , the buzzer will go off . The SCM AT89C52 can also transmit the collected data to PC through the USB port in real time .%  设计了一个实时温湿度监控系统,通过USB转串口连接上位机与下位机,利用HS1100/HS1101湿度传感器采集环境湿度,利用数字温度传感器DS18B20采集环境温度,由单片机8051处理采集到的数据,控制1602LCD显示出实时温湿度。当温度超到系统设置的报警值时蜂鸣器报警,单片机同时能将采集的温湿度通过USB串口实时传给上位机。

  15. H-ADCP在望亭流量自动监测系统中的应用%Application of H-ADCP in Wangting Flow Automatic Monitoring Station

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏广

    2011-01-01

    The article introduces the online flow measuring principle and application of H-ADCP in Wangting.Contrastive analysis is made between H-ADCP date and manual monitoring data during water diversion and drainage period in 2010.The analysis shows that discharge measurement data using H-ADCP is credible and accurate.It strongly supports for the flood prevention work and Yangtze River to Taihu Lake water diversion project.%介绍了H-ADCP在线测流系统原理以及H-ADCP在望亭流量自动监测站中的应用。将2010年引江济太期间H-ADCP数据与人工缆道测流数据进行对比分析,结果表明H-ADCP测流数据合理准确,有力地支撑了太湖流域防汛防台和引江济太水资源调度管理工作。

  16. Small Whiskbroom Imager for atmospheric compositioN monitorinG (SWING) from an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV): Results from the 2014 AROMAT campaign

    Science.gov (United States)

    Merlaud, Alexis; Tack, Frederik; Constantin, Daniel; Fayt, Caroline; Maes, Jeroen; Mingireanu, Florin; Mocanu, Ionut; Georgescu, Lucian; Van Roozendael, Michel

    2015-04-01

    The Small Whiskbroom Imager for atmospheric compositioN monitorinG (SWING) is an instrument dedicated to atmospheric trace gas retrieval from an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV). The payload is based on a compact visible spectrometer and a scanning mirror to collect scattered sunlight. Its weight, size, and power consumption are respectively 920 g, 27x12x12 cm3, and 6 W. The custom-built 2.5 m flying wing UAV is electrically powered, has a typical airspeed of 100 km/h, and can operate at a maximum altitude of 3 km. Both the payload and the UAV were developed in the framework of a collaboration between the Belgian Institute for Space Aeronomy (BIRA-IASB) and the Dunarea de Jos University of Galati, Romania. We present here SWING-UAV test flights dedicated to NO2 measurements and performed in Romania on 10 and 11 September 2014, during the Airborne ROmanian Measurements of Aerosols and Trace gases (AROMAT) campaign. The UAV performed 5 flights in the vicinity of the large thermal power station of Turceni (44.67° N, 23.4° E). The UAV was operated in visual range during the campaign, up to 900 m AGL , downwind of the plant and crossing its exhaust plume. The spectra recorded on flight are analyzed with the Differential Optical Absorption Spectroscopy (DOAS) method. The retrieved NO2 Differential Slant Column Densities (DSCDs) are up to 1.5e17 molec/cm2 and reveal the horizontal gradients around the plant. The DSCDs are converted to vertical columns and compared with coincident car-based DOAS measurements. We also present the near-future perspective of the SWING-UAV observation system, which includes flights in 2015 above the Black Sea to quantify ship emissions, the addition of SO2 as a target species, and autopilot flights at higher altitudes to cover a typical satellite pixel extent (10x10 km2).

  17. Ultrafine-Particle Emission Factors as a Function of Vehicle Mode of Operation for LDVs Based on Near-Roadway Monitoring.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhai, Wenjuan; Wen, Dongqi; Xiang, Sheng; Hu, Zhice; Noll, Kenneth E

    2016-01-19

    This paper presents ultrafine-particle (UFP) emission factors (EFs) as a function of vehicle mode of operation (free flow and congestion) using (1) concurrent 5 min measurements of UFPs and carbon monoxide (CO) concentration, wind speed and direction, traffic volume and speed near a roadway that is restricted to light-duty vehicles (LDVs) and (2) inverse dispersion model calculations. Short-term measurements are required to characterize the highly variable and rapidly changing UFP concentration generated by vehicles. Under congestion conditions, the UFP vehicle EFs increased from 0.5 × 10(13) to 2 × 10(13) (particles km(-1) vehicle(-1)) when vehicle flow increased from 5500 to 7500 vehicles/h. For free-flow conditions, the EF is constant at 1.5 × 10(13) (particles km(-1) vehicle(-1)). The analysis is based on the assumption that air-quality models adequately describe the dilution process due to both traffic and atmospheric turbulence. The approach used to verify this assumption was to use an emission factor model to determine EFs for CO and then estimate dilution factors using measured CO concentrations. This procedure eliminates the need to rely only on air quality models to generate dilution factors. The EFs are suitable for fleet emissions under real-world traffic conditions. PMID:26674658

  18. Master-Slave Control Scheme in Electric Vehicle Smart Charging Infrastructure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ching-Yen Chung

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available WINSmartEV is a software based plug-in electric vehicle (PEV monitoring, control, and management system. It not only incorporates intelligence at every level so that charge scheduling can avoid grid bottlenecks, but it also multiplies the number of PEVs that can be plugged into a single circuit. This paper proposes, designs, and executes many upgrades to WINSmartEV. These upgrades include new hardware that makes the level 1 and level 2 chargers faster, more robust, and more scalable. It includes algorithms that provide a more optimal charge scheduling for the level 2 (EVSE and an enhanced vehicle monitoring/identification module (VMM system that can automatically identify PEVs and authorize charging.

  19. Master-slave control scheme in electric vehicle smart charging infrastructure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chung, Ching-Yen; Chynoweth, Joshua; Chu, Chi-Cheng; Gadh, Rajit

    2014-01-01

    WINSmartEV is a software based plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) monitoring, control, and management system. It not only incorporates intelligence at every level so that charge scheduling can avoid grid bottlenecks, but it also multiplies the number of PEVs that can be plugged into a single circuit. This paper proposes, designs, and executes many upgrades to WINSmartEV. These upgrades include new hardware that makes the level 1 and level 2 chargers faster, more robust, and more scalable. It includes algorithms that provide a more optimal charge scheduling for the level 2 (EVSE) and an enhanced vehicle monitoring/identification module (VMM) system that can automatically identify PEVs and authorize charging.

  20. AUTOMATICALLY OPERATING RADARS FOR MONITORING INSECT PEST MIGRATIONS%监测害虫迁飞的全自动雷达

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    V.A.Drake

    2002-01-01

    在过去30年里,专用昆虫雷达大大深化了我们对昆虫迁飞、尤其是在高达1km高度夜间迁飞的认识.早期的昆虫雷达无法开展长期监测,这种缺陷现已被一种新型的全自动雷达所克服.这种"昆虫监测雷达"(IMR)造价低廉,可自动采集并通过电话网远程传输观测数据,其ZLC制式使其能够获得高质量的迁飞个体的飞行参数从而提高目标鉴别能力.目前,在澳大利亚东部的半干旱内陆地区,即迁飞性鳞翅目害虫和澳大利亚疫蝗(Chortoicetes terminifera)的虫源区,装置了两部IMR并连续监测其迁飞活动,本文报告了这两部雷达的部分监测结果.IMR能提供构成昆虫迁飞系统所需的若干参数,即估测迁飞事件在特定季节、特定方向响应于特定环境条件和信号而发生的概率,为害虫治理机构和测报人员提供对主要迁入事件及其目标害虫可能的迁入区的预警.而且,IMR还可用于更为广泛的生态监测,特别是空中生物流量年际变化的定量监测.%Over the last three decades, special-purpose "entomological" radars have contributed much to the development of our understanding of insect migration, especially of the nocturnal migrations at altitudes of up to~1 km that are regularly undertaken by many important pest species. One of the limitations of early radar studies, the difficulty of maintaining observations over long periods, has recently been overcome by the development of automated units that operate autonomously and transmit summaries of their observations to a base laboratory over the public telephone network. These relatively low-cost Insect Monitoring Radars (IMRs) employ a novel "ZLC" configuration that allows high quality data on the migrants' flight parameters and identity to be acquired. Two IMRs are currently operating in the semi-arid inland of eastern Australia, in a region where populations of migrant moths (Lepidoptera) and Australian plague locusts

  1. Design of STM32-based automatic monitor for dust on air conditioning heat sink%基于STM32的空调散热片粉尘自动监测仪的设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾芳; 付洋; 张仙玲; 曹骏; 杨娟; 陈子煊; 管靓; 张加宏

    2014-01-01

    An ultra-low-power high-precision automatic dust monitor was designed and implemented to accurately detect dust on the air conditioning heat sink. The system is composed of ARM processor,photoelectric sensor array module,weak sig-nal processing circuit,analog-digital conversion circuits,LCD touch screen display and input module,sound and light alarm system,relay switch control circuit,clock module and serial communication module. Taking STM32 microprocessor as a master controller,the differential detection for dust on the air conditioning heat sink is executed by the pulse-driving photoelectric sen-sor array. The low-noise AD7195 ADC excited by AD is used to convert the amplified and filtered voltage signals into digital sig-nals. The microprocessor is employed to analyze and process the received digital signals,which can generate the monitoring re-sults displayed by LCD and the sound-light alarm,forcibly close air conditioning,and remind the user promptly that they have to clean the air conditioning heat sink. The practical application shows that the intelligent automatic dust monitor for air condi-tioning heat sink can effectively and precisely achieve real-time display,optoelectronic alarm,PC communications and other functions. It can be used to monitor various types of air conditioning heat sink,and has a strong practical value.%为了对空调散热片上的粉尘进行准确检测,设计并实现了一种超低功耗高精度粉尘自动监测仪。该系统由ARM处理器、阵列式光电传感器模块、微弱信号调理电路、模/数转换电路、触摸屏液晶显示及输入模块、声光报警系统、继电器开关控制电路、时钟模块以及串口通信模块构成。以STM32微处理器为主控,通过脉冲驱动阵列式光电传感器对空调散热片粉尘进行差分检测,并利用交流激励低噪声AD7195模数转换器将经过放大滤波处理后的电压信号转换成数字量。微处理器接受数字量后进行

  2. Design and implementation of automatic monitoring system for tailings safety%尾矿库安全自动化监测系统的设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    代洪涛; 李如仁

    2012-01-01

    In order to realize the automation of the tailings management, reduce tailings accident frequency and improve tailings production efficiency. This paper analyzed the present situation of the development of the tailings in our country, and introduced the basic theory of the tailings system, moreover, it designed and realized the automatic monitoring system for tailings safety by Visual Studio 2010 and C# language. This system fulfills the management of resources in tailings, besides, it can also realize the functions such as: monitor data, output the graphs, output the statements and make the grading alarm if necessary. In addition, this system also provides the GPS control points early warning function in the X, Y, Z three directions, and intuitively reflects the real-time space status in every direction of the control points.%为了实现尾矿库的自动化管理,降低尾矿事故发生频率,提高尾矿生产效率,分析了我国尾矿库开发的现状,介绍了尾矿库系统的基本理论,并设计实现了在Visual Studio 2010下用C#语言的尾矿库安全自动化监测系统.该系统可对尾矿库相关数据进行实时监测,同时利用获取的各种数据完成图形输出、报表输出和分级报警功能,此外,系统还提供了GPS控制点在X、Y、Z三个方向上是否超限的预警功能,直观地反映出控制点在空间方向的实时状态.

  3. 厦门同安湾海域血红哈卡藻赤潮前的自动监测研究%Automatic monitoring of Akashiwo sanguinea HAB Tong'an Bay,Xiamen

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈国斌

    2012-01-01

    使用2008 -2010年厦门同安湾海域血红哈卡藻赤潮前的水质在线自动监测系统数据,共计2160组,同时以人工监测数据为辅助,对该海域血红哈卡藻赤潮的诱因进行分析.研究结果表明:在同安湾海域生物、化学条件已具备的情况下,pH、溶解氧、叶绿素、营养盐并非赤潮诱因,清淤及盐度明显上升应是该海域血红哈卡藻赤潮的诱因.%According to the automatic monitoring2 160 data of Akashiwo sanguined HAB in Tong'an Bay,Xiamen from 2008 to 2010, analyse the inducement of red tide. The results of obvious clean out that pHNDO and Chl-a aren't the inducement of this red tide, sul-lage and evidence move up of salinity are the inducement of this red tide.

  4. Simplified Monitoring System

    CERN Document Server

    Jelinskas, Adomas

    2013-01-01

    This project can be considered as a model for a simplified grid monitoring. In particular, I was creating a specific monitoring instance, which can be easily set up on a machine and, depending on an input information, automatically start monitoring services using Nagios software application. I had to automate the set up process and configuration of the monitoring system in order for the user to use it easily. I developed a script which automatically sets up the monitoring system, configures it and starts monitoring. I put the script, files and instructions in the repository 'https://git.cern.ch/web/?p=cosmic.git;a=summary' under the sub-directory called SNCG.

  5. Intelligent Transport Systems 80211-based Roadside-to-Vehicle Communications

    CERN Document Server

    Hasan, Syed Faraz; Chakraborty, Shyam

    2013-01-01

    Focusing on the nuts and bolts of wireless network access for computers on-board vehicles, this volume shows how in-car computerization now does much more than merely act as a glorified map-reader. Wireless communication is transforming road travel in ways previously undreamt of, allowing vehicles to “talk” to a wider network and monitor road conditions, potential delays and traffic congestion, all automatically. Toll payments can be made without opening the driver’s window on a cold day, while vehicles might themselves take active steps to avoid collisions. It is the connection between on-board computers and wireless access points, ubiquitous in most cities now, that is a key area of research. Moving vehicles transfer their communications to new points as they progress, and this causes delays, known as “handover latency.” In this book, new stochastic models are developed to map the disruption when connecting to 802.11 WLAN points. It details the application of stochastic tools to analyzing communic...

  6. Applications of unmanned aerial vehicle images on agricultural remote sensing monitoring%基于无人机影像的农情遥感监测应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王利民; 刘佳; 杨玲波; 陈仲新; 王小龙; 欧阳斌

    2013-01-01

    By taking Agricultural High-tech Industrial Park of Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (Wan Zhuang) and its peripheral regions with a total area of 4.2 × 3.1 km as the study area, this paper carried out an aerial photogrammetry experiment by using the RICOH GXR A12 camera carried on an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), and the experiment mainly tested the precisions of planar positioning under a POS (positioning and orientation system) supported bundle block adjustment method and of area measurement, as well as the precision of the crop area identification of an UAV orthophoto map obtained from an aerial triangulation correction. We use an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) to obtain 690 images which covered the whole study area. After a series of processes such as image screen, POS-supported aerial triangulation correction, digital elevation model making, image fusion, and digital differential rectification, we have obtained the ortho-photo map of the whole study area. Since the deployment of high precision ground control point wastes time and energy, POS-supported aerial triangulation employs a non-control point model. Therefore, its absolute positioning precision may be affected by the error of the GPS carried on an UAV. In order to eliminate this error, the project team used a high precision wordview image to rectify the ortho-photo map. In this way, we could improve the image positioning precision, and meanwhile unify the study sample areas with the overall larger scope image coordinate system, so as to provide high precision samples for large-scale agriculture remote sensing statistics and monitoring. The result shows that, under the condition of no control point and after direct POS data bundle block adjustment, the mean square error of plane positioning precision of the X axis direction is 2.29 m, Y direction is 2.78 m, and overall plane error is 3.61 m. If a three order general polynomial model is adopted to conduct a geometric precision correction, then

  7. Research and Development in the Vehicle Fuel Consumption Information Extraction and Remote Monitoring System%车辆油耗信息提取与远程监控系统研发

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙国凯; 褚林涛; 刘应吉

    2012-01-01

    In order to improve the level of the vehicle's energy consumption statistics,a vehicle fuel on a local extraction and remote monitoring system has been designed.This system is based on vehicles which use the CAN-bus,and Integrates GPS,GPRS and SD card module.This system can collect and store the vehicle fuel consumption information through the CAN-bus,and feedback this information to the business' monitoring center by GPRS.The system allows managers to remotely understand the vehicle's fuel consumption information and to make appropriate management measures.Hence,the vehicle's fuel economical efficiency could be improved by this system.%为提高车辆的能源消耗统计水平,提出并设计了车辆油耗本地提取与远程监控系统。该系统以带CAN总线的车辆为基础,整合GPS、GPRS以及SD卡模块,可通过CAN总线采集并存储车辆的油耗信息,并通过GPRS无线传输网络传至监控中心。该系统可使管理人员远程了解车辆的油耗信息,并做出相应的经营管理对策,提高车辆的燃油经济性。

  8. Indoor Surveillance Security Robot with a Self-Propelled Patrolling Vehicle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hou-Tsan Lee

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Self-propelled patrolling vehicles can patrol periodically in the designed area to ensure the safety like men do. The proposed vehicle cannot only save manpower, but also ensure the performance without mistakes caused by man. It is different from the traditional patrolling system which is limited by the manpower and the fixed camera positions. To improve such situation, this paper proposes a self-propelled patrolling vehicle which can move automatically to a wider range and record the monitored image by IPCAM within a predefined patrolling route. Besides, the user can use the mobile device or website to connect to the vehicle at anytime and anywhere and control it to move to the position to get the indoor image user wants. The position of self-propelled vehicles can be detected by the RFID reader as a feedback and be shown on the PC screen and smart phone. The recorded images can be also transmitted back to the server via WiFi system for face tracking and discriminating analysis. On the other hand, the self-propelled vehicle patrolling routes can be modified by the Android smart-phone remote-control module. When some defined events occur, the build-in MSN module will notice users by sending messages to PC and smart phone. Experimental results are given in the paper to validate its performance.

  9. Automatic Fiscal Stabilizers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Narcis Eduard Mitu

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Policies or institutions (built into an economic system that automatically tend to dampen economic cycle fluctuations in income, employment, etc., without direct government intervention. For example, in boom times, progressive income tax automatically reduces money supply as incomes and spendings rise. Similarly, in recessionary times, payment of unemployment benefits injects more money in the system and stimulates demand. Also called automatic stabilizers or built-in stabilizers.

  10. Automatic input rectification

    OpenAIRE

    Long, Fan; Ganesh, Vijay; Carbin, Michael James; Sidiroglou, Stelios; Rinard, Martin

    2012-01-01

    We present a novel technique, automatic input rectification, and a prototype implementation, SOAP. SOAP learns a set of constraints characterizing typical inputs that an application is highly likely to process correctly. When given an atypical input that does not satisfy these constraints, SOAP automatically rectifies the input (i.e., changes the input so that it satisfies the learned constraints). The goal is to automatically convert potentially dangerous inputs into typical inputs that the ...

  11. Automatic differentiation bibliography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Corliss, G.F. (comp.)

    1992-07-01

    This is a bibliography of work related to automatic differentiation. Automatic differentiation is a technique for the fast, accurate propagation of derivative values using the chain rule. It is neither symbolic nor numeric. Automatic differentiation is a fundamental tool for scientific computation, with applications in optimization, nonlinear equations, nonlinear least squares approximation, stiff ordinary differential equation, partial differential equations, continuation methods, and sensitivity analysis. This report is an updated version of the bibliography which originally appeared in Automatic Differentiation of Algorithms: Theory, Implementation, and Application.

  12. A head-up display system for monitoring lateral of vehicle%一种车辆侧后方监控信息抬头显示系统

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于善义; 曹凯; 张仁永

    2014-01-01

    为了减轻驾驶员的驾驶负担,减少和避免车辆转弯、换道过程中发生交通事故,构建了基于DM 642的车辆侧/后方监控抬头显示系统。系统采用CCD与激光测距组合技术,提取车辆位置、底部阴影和边缘特征识别目标车辆。为了跟踪目标车辆,采用 HSI色彩空间下的改进Camshift算法,并控制伺服设备。通过构建车载抬头显示模块,在车辆换道或转弯时,将侧后方道路上的车辆识别与跟踪信息显示在车辆风挡玻璃上,给驾驶员信息提示,避免驾驶员分散对前方道路的注意力。实际道路实验验证,本系统识别正确率在96%以上,测距正确率在98%以上,耗时在350ms以下。%To reduce the driving loads of driver and avoiding the accidents during turning and lane changing of vehicle ,a head-up display system for monitoring rear side of vehicle based on DM 642 was developed .The system adopted a combined technology of CCD and laser ranging to recognize target vehicles by extracting the vehicle location ,the shadows under the vehicle bottom and edge feature .In order to track target vehicles ,the improved Camshift algorithm under the HSI color space was used ,and a developed servo device was controlled .The identified and tracked informa-tion on the rear side of vehicle was displayed on the windshield via the head-up display module when vehicle turning and lane changing to avoid the distraction from the driving direction .The results of actual road experiment show s that the recognizing correct rate of the system is over 96% ,the ranging correct rate is over 98% and the time-consuming is less than 350 milliseconds .

  13. 无人机遥感在红树林资源调查中的应用%Application of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles to Mangrove Resources Monitoring

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯家莉; 刘凯; 朱远辉; 李勇; 柳林; 蒙琳

    2015-01-01

    The emerging unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) remote sensing is an important supplement to traditional aerial and satellite remote sensing due to its flexible, fast and cost-effective capability for acquiring very high spatial resolution imagery. In this study, we explored the application of UAV to monitoring mangrove forests. The study area is located in the Yingluo Bay, on the borders between Guangdong and Guangxi Provinces. Using the UAV, we collected aerial photos of the coastal zones of Yingluo Bay, covering an area of 25.29 km2 with three flight missions totaling 2.5 hours. The high-resolution aerial images were first mosaicked and then used for interpretation and classification of mangrove forests. A typical sample plot of the study area was selected to conduct classification of mangrove species using object-oriented classification method with the nearest neighbor classifier. The classification accuracy of visual interpretation of mangrove forests extraction and that of object-oriented nearest neighbor analysis for mangrove species classification were both higher than 90%. We also compared our approach to conventional technology of aerial and satellite remote sensing for monitoring mangrove wetlands. Results suggested that UAV would be a good choice for mangrove research. It is promised that UAV would become a popular and useful tool for researchers and government agencies to contribute to mangrove reservation and management.%低空无人机(UAV,Unmanned Aerial Vehicles)遥感系统具有数据采集灵活、低成本且可快速获取超高分辨率影像的特色,是传统航空遥感和卫星遥感的重要补充。以广东省和广西壮族自治区交界处的英罗港港湾两侧为研究区域,将无人机遥感系统用于红树林资源的遥感调查,通过无人机航拍获取高分辨率影像,并且使用拼接的影像和目视解译方法提取红树林空间分布信息,进一步选择典型研究样地,

  14. Automatic Extraction of Metadata from Scientific Publications for CRIS Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kovacevic, Aleksandar; Ivanovic, Dragan; Milosavljevic, Branko; Konjovic, Zora; Surla, Dusan

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: The aim of this paper is to develop a system for automatic extraction of metadata from scientific papers in PDF format for the information system for monitoring the scientific research activity of the University of Novi Sad (CRIS UNS). Design/methodology/approach: The system is based on machine learning and performs automatic extraction…

  15. Determination of lead in water sample by automatic on-line analysis monitor%水质铅自动在线监测仪测定水样中铅的含量

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    洪陵成; 朱金伟; 张红艳; 刘超; 马小茹

    2013-01-01

    首先,构建了基于聚苯乙烯-双硫腙纳米纤维的铅离子富集前处理装置,可以有效地降低铅的检出限并提高检测灵敏度和选择性。其次,研发了水质铅自动在线分析监测仪,以预镀汞膜的玻碳电极为工作电极,采用阳极溶出伏安法,对实验参数进行了优化,例如预镀汞膜的条件、缓冲液的种类和浓度、铅富集时间和电压等。在最优化条件下,铅的溶出峰面积与其浓度在0~2000μg/L 范围内呈现良好的线性关系,其回归方程为 y1=-0.07843+0.00269 x (相关系数为0.998,浓度范围为5~2000μg/L ),y2=-0.0035+0.00178 x (相关系数为0.998,浓度范围为5~100μg/L ),检出限为0.38μg/L。在此基础上,采用标准加入法对水样中铅的含量进行了测定,并与原子吸收法的测定结果进行了比较。结果显示,该水质铅自动在线监测仪具有快速、准确、简便、灵敏等优点。%First ,the pre-treatment device based on polystyrene-dithizone nanofibers for lead enrich-ment was constructed ,which could reduce detection limit and improve sensitivity and selectivity effective-ly. Next ,with glassy carbon electrode pre-coated by mercury film as working electrode ,an automatic on-line analysis monitor of lead was developed by anodic stripping voltammetry ,and various experimental conditions were investigated ,i.e. ,the condition of pre-coated mercury film ,the kind and concentration of buffer solutions ,the enrichment time and voltage of lead etc.Under the optimized conditions ,the stripping peak area of lead showed a good linearity of wide range between 0-2000 μg/L. The linear regression equa-tion was y1 = -0.07843+0.00269x(R=0.998 ,with the wide range between 5-2000 μg/L) ,y2 = -0.0035+0.00178 x(R=0.998 ,with the wide range between 5-100 μg/L) ,LOD (limit of detection) = 0.38 μg/L (at a signal-to-noise ratio of 3). Then ,the water samples were determined by standard

  16. 4G网络在无人驾驶智能车远程监控系统上的应用%4G network in unmanned intelligent vehicle the application of remote monitoring system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭宝成; 曹国浩

    2015-01-01

    近年来,随着电子技术和通信技术的快速发展,制造无人驾驶智能车已成为一大热潮。3G网络的普及以及人们对网络的要求越来越高,4G就是在这种背景下应运而生的。本文运用4G网络在无人驾驶智能车远程监控系统上,通过4G网络把无人驾驶智能车的信息以数字和图像形式传送到远程监控端,远程监控端的操作人员便可以看到无人驾驶智能车的信息并进行控制。%In recent years, with the rapid development of electronic technology and communication technology, manufacturing unmanned intelligent car has a big boom. The popularity of 3G network and the demand is higher and higher. 4G is came into being in this context, this paper on the unmanned remote monitoring system of intelligent vehicles, unmanned intelligent cars through the 4G network information in the form of numbers and pictures sent to the remote monitoring, remote monitor and control the operating personnel, can see unmanned intelligent vehicle information and control.

  17. 基于大数据分析的铁路自动售检票监控系统研究%Railway Automatic Ticketing and Gate Monitoring System based on big data analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王成; 史天运

    2015-01-01

    This article proposed the general frame of Railway Automatic Ticketing and Gate Monitoring System(RATGS). The System was consisted of 4 layers, which were the infrastructure layer, the management layer, the analysis layer and application layer. The System was introduced technologies such as multidimensional data analysis, the distributed ifle system storage MapReduce, Complex Event Processing(CEP), data mining and etc., to implement the value added services based on passenger behavior analysis, such as fault early warning, analysis of failure rate, the utilization rate analysis of equipments, business optimization analysis, OD hotspot analysis, abnormal passenger recognition, usability analysis of equipment. All of these pointed out a new method for the future development of RATGS.%本文提出铁路自动售检票监控系统总体框架由基础层、管理层、分析层和应用层组成。利用多维数据分析、分布式文件系统存储和MapReduce计算、复杂事件处理、数据挖掘等技术,实现对铁路自动售检票系统的故障预警和故障率分析、设备利用率分析、业务优化分析以及OD热点分析、异常旅客识别、设备易用性分析等以旅客行为分析为基础的增值业务,为铁路自动售检票系统的未来发展提供一种新思路。

  18. Practical automatic Arabic license plate recognition system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohammad, Khader; Agaian, Sos; Saleh, Hani

    2011-02-01

    Since 1970's, the need of an automatic license plate recognition system, sometimes referred as Automatic License Plate Recognition system, has been increasing. A license plate recognition system is an automatic system that is able to recognize a license plate number, extracted from image sensors. In specific, Automatic License Plate Recognition systems are being used in conjunction with various transportation systems in application areas such as law enforcement (e.g. speed limit enforcement) and commercial usages such as parking enforcement and automatic toll payment private and public entrances, border control, theft and vandalism control. Vehicle license plate recognition has been intensively studied in many countries. Due to the different types of license plates being used, the requirement of an automatic license plate recognition system is different for each country. [License plate detection using cluster run length smoothing algorithm ].Generally, an automatic license plate localization and recognition system is made up of three modules; license plate localization, character segmentation and optical character recognition modules. This paper presents an Arabic license plate recognition system that is insensitive to character size, font, shape and orientation with extremely high accuracy rate. The proposed system is based on a combination of enhancement, license plate localization, morphological processing, and feature vector extraction using the Haar transform. The performance of the system is fast due to classification of alphabet and numerals based on the license plate organization. Experimental results for license plates of two different Arab countries show an average of 99 % successful license plate localization and recognition in a total of more than 20 different images captured from a complex outdoor environment. The results run times takes less time compared to conventional and many states of art methods.

  19. Application of Automatic Monitoring System with Multi-antenna GPS on the Northern Slope of the Beigushan of Zhenjiang, Jiangsu Province%GPS-机多天线技术在镇江北固山北侧斜坡监测中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁宪军

    2012-01-01

    本文介绍了GPS-机多天线技术无人值守的自动化监测系统的应用,解决了在滑坡监测中GPS形变监测成本高、自动化程度差的难题。%This paper introduces the application of GPS multi-antenna technology, which can automatically monitor the landslides. So, it solves two problems in the past: for the GPS deformation monitoring, the costs are high, and the automation is at low degree.

  20. 基于无线传感器网络的智能物流车辆监控系统的设计%DESIGNING WSN-BASED INTELLIGENT LOGISTICS VEHICLE MONITORING SYSTEM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓华; 李萍

    2014-01-01

    In order to solve many safety risks of in-transit logistics transportation such as goods safety monitoring difficulty and constrained human factors, as well as to realise the functions of positioning, timely detecting and tracking the logistics vehicles, we introduce the application of a WSN-based intelligent monitoring system in logistics vehicle scheduling and regulatory services.We design the wireless sensor networks nodes constructed with S3C6410 microprocessor, WiFi module and GPRS, etc., and implement the collection, processing and display of goods information in transit.Once the abnormal situation occurs, the cameras installed in vehicles will work to carry out real-time monitoring and send back the information of the vehicles working condition and position to monitoring centre.In VMware and Ubuntu11.10 development environment, the sensor-nodes programs have been programmed and compiled, which realise the data transmission function between WSN nodes.Test results show that the system works stable and reliable, its structure is simple, and its function is easy to be expanded, thus has the popularised and applied value.%为了解决物流运输途中物资安全监控难、受限人为因素等诸多安全隐患问题,并能实现对物流车辆定位、实时监测和跟踪功能,介绍一种基于无线传感器网络的智能监控系统在物流车辆调度监管中的应用。设计以S3C6410微处理器和WiFi模块及GPRS等构建的无线传感器网络节点,实现对物流车厢内物资信息的采集、处理和显示,异常时启动摄像头进行实时监控,并可将车辆的工作状态与位置等信息传输至监控中心。在VMware和Ubuntu11.10开发环境下编写和编译传感器节点程序,实现无线传感器网络节点之间的数据传输功能。结果表明:系统工作稳定可靠,结构简单,功能易扩展,具有推广和应用价值。

  1. DESIGNING WSN-BASED INTELLIGENT LOGISTICS VEHICLE MONITORING SYSTEM%基于无线传感器网络的智能物流车辆监控系统的设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓华; 李萍

    2014-01-01

    为了解决物流运输途中物资安全监控难、受限人为因素等诸多安全隐患问题,并能实现对物流车辆定位、实时监测和跟踪功能,介绍一种基于无线传感器网络的智能监控系统在物流车辆调度监管中的应用。设计以S3C6410微处理器和WiFi模块及GPRS等构建的无线传感器网络节点,实现对物流车厢内物资信息的采集、处理和显示,异常时启动摄像头进行实时监控,并可将车辆的工作状态与位置等信息传输至监控中心。在VMware和Ubuntu11.10开发环境下编写和编译传感器节点程序,实现无线传感器网络节点之间的数据传输功能。结果表明:系统工作稳定可靠,结构简单,功能易扩展,具有推广和应用价值。%In order to solve many safety risks of in-transit logistics transportation such as goods safety monitoring difficulty and constrained human factors, as well as to realise the functions of positioning, timely detecting and tracking the logistics vehicles, we introduce the application of a WSN-based intelligent monitoring system in logistics vehicle scheduling and regulatory services.We design the wireless sensor networks nodes constructed with S3C6410 microprocessor, WiFi module and GPRS, etc., and implement the collection, processing and display of goods information in transit.Once the abnormal situation occurs, the cameras installed in vehicles will work to carry out real-time monitoring and send back the information of the vehicles working condition and position to monitoring centre.In VMware and Ubuntu11.10 development environment, the sensor-nodes programs have been programmed and compiled, which realise the data transmission function between WSN nodes.Test results show that the system works stable and reliable, its structure is simple, and its function is easy to be expanded, thus has the popularised and applied value.

  2. 电动汽车充电设施监控系统实例研究%Case Study of Electric Vehicle Charging Facilities Monitoring System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭龙锋

    2015-01-01

    电动汽车产业要想实现市场化,电动汽车充电站是最重要的配套设施,它能够为电动汽车提供所需的能源。因此,为了推动电动汽车产业不断向好发展,必须不断完善电动汽车的充电设施,加大充电站的建设力度。%The electric car industry in order to achieve market-oriented, electric vehicle charging station is the most important facilities, it can provide the energy needed for electric vehicles. Therefore, in order to promote the electric car industry continued to improve development, we must continue to improve electric vehicle charging facilities, increase efforts in building charging stations.

  3. Motor Vehicles Air Pollution in Nairobi, Kenya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    George Odhiambo

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Air quality monitoring in most developing countries is not routinely conducted, and in some urban areas such information does not even exist, though signs of deteriorating air quality and health problems related to air pollution are visible. By measuring air pollutants (i.e., Nitrogen Oxides, ozone, suspended particulates matter (PM10, and trace elements e.g. lead, this study investigated air quality in Nairobi, one of the largest cities in eastern Africa and the capital of Kenya. Sampling was done once a week from February to April 2003. Hourly average concentrations of NOx and O3 were measured using a technique that is based on "chemilumiscent" reaction at a site connecting two main highways in Nairobi (University and Uhuru from 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. PM10 was collected using “Gent” Stacked Filter Unit (SFU air sampler fitted with nucleopore filters (0.4 and 8.0 mm pore size for fine and coarse filters, respectively that were analyzed for trace elements by Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescent (EDXRF technique. An automatic vehicle counter was used for determining the vehicle density at the sampling site. Results show that most pollutants, for example, lead (0.05 1 to 1.106 µg/m3, bromine (LLD to 0.43 µg/m3, NO2 (0.011-0.976 ppm, NO (0.001-0.2628 ppm and O3 (LLD-0.1258 ppm are within the WHO guidelines. PM10 levels (66.66 - 444.45 µg/m3 were above the WHO guidelines for most of the days, with coarse particulate accounting for more than 70%. Strong correlation (r = 0.966 between fine (0.4 µm particulates, NOx, and motor vehicle density, indicate the importance of traffic as a common source for both fine particulates and NOx.

  4. Development of automatic laser welding system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Laser are a new production tool for high speed and low distortion welding and applications to automatic welding lines are increasing. IHI has long experience of laser processing for the preservation of nuclear power plants, welding of airplane engines and so on. Moreover, YAG laser oscillators and various kinds of hardware have been developed for laser welding and automation. Combining these welding technologies and laser hardware technologies produce the automatic laser welding system. In this paper, the component technologies are described, including combined optics intended to improve welding stability, laser oscillators, monitoring system, seam tracking system and so on. (author)

  5. Automatic Licenses Plate Recognition

    OpenAIRE

    Ronak P Patel; Narendra M Patel; Keyur Brahmbhatt

    2013-01-01

    This paper describes the Smart Vehicle Screening System, which can be installed into a tollboothfor automated recognition of vehicle license plate information using a photograph of a vehicle. An automatedsystem could then be implemented to control the payment of fees, parking areas, highways, bridges ortunnels, etc. This paper contains new algorithm for recognition number plate using Morphological operation,Thresholding operation, Edge detection, Bounding box analysis for number plate extract...

  6. 园地植被覆盖度的无人机遥感监测研究%Study on Monitoring Fractional Vegetation Cover of Garden Plots by Unmanned Aerial Vehicles

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘峰; 刘素红; 向阳

    2014-01-01

    设计构建了基于无人直升机平台的遥感系统,以北京地区园地的板栗为研究对象,对其主要生育期进行监测.基于植被、土壤自身光谱特征差异,提出了一种无人机遥感影像植被覆盖度快速计算方法,利用多时相无人机遥感影像实现了板栗植被覆盖度年变化监测.采用计算机模拟的方式构建模拟场景,对板栗植被覆盖度统计尺度特征进行分析,进一步验证了无人机遥感影像植被覆盖度计算结果的有效性.%A remote sensing system based on the unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) was designed and established.The garden plot in Beijing was selected as a research object and the major growing period of Chinese chestnut was monitored.Based on this system,the experiment monitoring for the major growing period of Chinese chestnut was achieved and a large number of high resolution images was obtained.The preprocessing including selecting,band separation and calibration and so on was made and finally three main band (red,green,near infrared) reflectance data of Chinese chestnut in the major growing period was generated.According to the analysis of difference for spectral signature between vegetation and soil in the band range of 400 ~ 1 200 nm,the ratio of total number of vegetation pixels was counted for the imaging range,that was fractional vegetation cover (FVC).The fractional vegetation cover of unmanned aerial vehicles images could be computed rapidly.The annual variation of fractional vegetation coverfor Chinese chestnut was monitored using multi-temporal unmanned aerial vehicles remote sensing images.The simulation scenes were formed by computer simulation method and the characteristic of statisticsscalefor Chinese chestnut fraction vegetation cover was analysed.The availability and effectiveness of the fractional vegetation cover computed from remote sensing images of unmanned aerial vehicles were validated.

  7. Image-Based Vehicle Identification Technology for Homeland Security Applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Clark, G A

    2002-10-08

    The threat of terrorist attacks against US civilian populations is a very real, near-term problem that must be addressed, especially in response to possible use of Weapons of Mass Destruction. Several programs are now being funded by the US Government to put into place means by which the effects of a terrorist attack could be averted or limited through the use of sensors and monitoring technology. Specialized systems that detect certain threat materials, while effective within certain performance limits, cannot generally be used efficiently to track a mobile threat such as a vehicle over a large urban area. The key elements of an effective system are an image feature-based vehicle identification technique and a networked sensor system. We have briefly examined current uses of image and feature recognition techniques to the urban tracking problem and set forth the outlines of a proposal for application of LLNL technologies to this critical problem. The primary contributions of the proposed work lie in filling important needs not addressed by the current program: (1) The ability to create vehicle ''fingerprints,'' or feature information from images to allow automatic identification of vehicles. Currently, the analysis task is done entirely by humans. The goal is to aid the analyst by reducing the amount of data he/she must analyze and reduce errors caused by inattention or lack of training. This capability has broad application to problems associated with extraction of useful features from large data sets. (2) Improvements in the effectiveness of LLNL's WATS (Wide Area Tracking System) by providing it accurate threat vehicle location and velocity. Model predictability is likely to be enhanced by use of more information related to different data sets. We believe that the LLNL can accomplish the proposed tasks and enhance the effectiveness of the system now under development.

  8. Design of Vehicle Intelligent Remote Anti-theft and Monitoring System Based on Mobile Communication%基于移动通信的车辆智能远程防盗监控系统的研制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张泽秾; 李成; 杨浩

    2013-01-01

    A vehicle intelligent remote anti-theft and monitoring system based on mobile communi-cation is designed in this paper.Microcontroller is the core of the system.The system can send a-larm messages to the car owner if the car is in an abnormal condition,and then the car owner can control the subsystem of door lock and ignition remotely.It can also extract the information of latitude and longitude.Its software and hardware are debugged successfully.It could provide va-rious functions,including vehicle location,tracking,monitoring,and anti-theft alarm.%以单片机为核心设计了一款基于移动网络的车辆智能远程防盗监控系统。该系统实现了当车辆出现异常情况时向车主远程报警、车主可远程控制车辆的点火系统和门锁系统、提取车辆实时经纬度。该系统已成功通过了软硬联调测试,能提供车辆的定位、跟踪、监控、防盗报警等功能。

  9. Research and Development on Universal Monitor & Calibration System for Electric Vehicles%电动汽车通用型监控及标定系统的研发

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周能辉; 杜森; 李磊; 赵春明

    2013-01-01

    This article develops a universal monitor & calibration system for electrical vehicles based on the CCP protocol and ASAP2 data Specification of the ASAM-MCD standard. The overall architecture of the system and design of corresponding modules are presented in this article. Simulation and vehicle test results show that the system, with relatively excellent universal accessibility and portability, is stable, reliable and able to meet international standards. Meanwhile, seamless integration of various file-based functions such as parameter monitoring, measurement, calibration, saving and offline review is realized, which greatly shortens the development cycle of vehicle and control system and cuts the development cost.%  利用ASAM-MCD标准中的CCP协议和ASAP2数据接口规范,开发了适用于电动汽车的通用型监控及标定系统,介绍了该系统的总体架构及相应模块的设计。仿真测试和实车测试结果表明,该系统运行稳定可靠,符合国标通用标准,具有较好的通用性和可移植性,实现了基于文件的参数监控、测量、标定、保存及离线回放等功能的无缝融合,极大地缩短了整车及其控制系统的开发周期,降低了开发成本。

  10. Automatic Payroll Deposit System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davidson, D. B.

    1979-01-01

    The Automatic Payroll Deposit System in Yakima, Washington's Public School District No. 7, directly transmits each employee's salary amount for each pay period to a bank or other financial institution. (Author/MLF)

  11. Study on traffic accidents mechanism with automatic recording systems. Part 2. Application of data from ADR and DMR for practical driver education; Jidosha kiroku sochi ni yoru kotsu jiko hassei mechanism no kenkyu. 2. Jiko data kirokukei (ADR) to unko kirokukei (DMR) no untensha kyoiku eno katsuyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ueyama, M.; Ogawa, S. [National Research Inst. of Police Science, Tokyo (Japan); Chikasue, H.; Muramatsu, K. [Yazaki Meter Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    1997-10-01

    A field trial are carried out using automatic receding system; ADR (Accident Data Recorder) and DMR (Driving Monitoring Recorder) installed on 20 commercial vehicles, in order to assess the implications for driver behavior and accidents. The data suggest that the accident mechanism can be explained in terms of situation-specific factor and behavior of drivers just before accident that is, their attitude to the handing and control of vehicles. The data might offer a new information for practical driver education. 3 refs., 9 figs., 1 tab.

  12. 基于以太网通信的水下航行器远程监控系统设计%Remote Monitoring and Control System of Underwater Vehicle Based on Ethernet Network

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵蕊; 余琨; 郑文成; 向先波

    2015-01-01

    讨论以太网Socket通信基本原理和航行器监控系统通信协议的确定,介绍便携式水面监控台和水下控制系统的功能及设计方法,完成水池试验联调,试验结果表明,基于TCP/IP的通信协议,水面监控台可以实时地完成对水下航行器的数据监视、远程遥控和半自主控制。%The fundamental principle of Socket and determination of the communication protocol are introduced.The func-tions and design methods of surface monitoring station and underwater monitoring system are discussed to build the two-stage sys-tem and design the software.The system is tested in the water tank.Test results show that surface monitoring station can complete the real-time data monitoring of underwater vehicles, remote operation and semi-autonomous control.

  13. 四轴车辆全轮转向之自动模式研究%A Research on the Automatic Mode of All-wheel Steering for Four-axle Vehicle

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈思忠; 郑凯锋

    2015-01-01

    在第2轴转角比例于第1轴转角,第3轴转角比例于第4轴转角的条件下,从理论上分析了全轮转向与双前桥转向之间的差异。接着以质心侧偏角为零,设计了控制器一和控制器二两种控制器,并再次分析了双前桥转向、带控制器一的全轮转向和带控制器二的全轮转向三者之间的区别与联系,为四轴车辆的全轮转向技术的研究提供了理论参考。%Under the condition of that the wheel turning angles in second and third axles are respectively proportional to those of first and fourth axles, the differences between all wheel steering and double-front-axle steer-ing are analyzed theoretically. Then with the sideslip angle of mass center set to zero, controller 1 and controller 2 are designed, and the differences and connections between double-front-axle steering, all wheel steering with con-troller 1 and all wheel steering with controller 2 are analyzed again, providing theoretical references for the research on the all wheel steering technique for four-axle vehicle.

  14. Calibration and study of the measurement capabilities of real-time gamma spectrometry equipment developed for the renewal of the network of stations automatic monitoring environmental radiation of the Generalitat of Catalunya; Calibracion y estudio de las capacidades de medida de los equipos de espectrometria gamma en tiempo real desarrollados para la renovacion de la Red de Estaciones Automaticas de vigilancia radiologia ambiental de la Generalitat de Catalunya

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Casanovas, R.; Prieto, E.; Salvado, M.

    2014-10-01

    The renewal of the automatic environmental radiation surveillance network of the Generalitat of Catalunya has been carried out through the development and implementation of gamma-spectrometry-based equipment. the monitors use scintillation crystals, either Na(TI) or LaBr{sub 3}(Ce) and currently, there are 3 types of equipment water radioactivity monitors, aerosols on a particulate filter monitors and direct measurement monitors. In this paper, we expose the basic features of its operation, the details of their calibration and the minimum detectable activity concentration for some isotopes. (Author)

  15. Depth Level Control System using Peripheral Interface Controller for Underwater Vehicle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhamad Fadli Ghani

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This research explained on a design and development of an Automatic Depth Control System for underwater vehicle. Definition of underwater vehicle is a robotic sub-sea that is a part of the emerging field of autonomous and unmanned vehicles. This project shows the implementation’s development of an Automatic Depth Control System on a test prototyping vehicle especially involved small-scale and low cost sub-sea robots. The Automatic Depth Control System assembled with mechanical system and module of electronic system for development of a controller.

  16. 全自动阵列离子迁移谱仪连续监测挥发性有机化合物%Automatic Continuous Monitoring of Volatile Organic Compounds Using Ion Mobility Spectrometer Array

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周庆华; 李海洋; 仓怀文; 鞠帮玉; 李林; 杜永斋; 陈创; 侯可勇; 李京华; 王卫国

    2011-01-01

    An ion mobility spectrometer array was designed,in order to broaden the detection range of ion mobility spectrometer and improve the accuracy of compound identification.This instrument was based on the combination of ionization sources of 63Ni positive ion mode,63Ni negative ion mode and photoionization mode with vacuum UV lamp,and it can continuously monitor the volatile organic compounds in air.With the automatic system of sampling and injection of this instrument,the positive ion of dimethyl sulfoxide and negative ion of dichloromethane were detected simultaneously.By comprehensive analysis of spectra with ion mobility spectrometer array,acrylonitrile,m-xylene and acetone were identified,which were difficult to be distinguished under the63Ni positive ion mode.Acetone samples were determined quantitatively within four days continuously,and the results indicated that the linear range of acetone in this instrument was 2 orders of magnitude.The linear correlation coefficient R was higher than 0.995,and the relative standard deviations were controlled in the range of 4.0%-18.3%.Methacrylate leaked in simulation was monitored on-line for 24 h continuously,using the method of dynamic tracking,and the result showed the leaking time and the concentration of methacrylate directly.%为了拓宽离子迁移谱仪的检测范围、提高化合物的识别准确度,研制了一套阵列离子迁移谱仪,该仪器基于63 Ni源正离子模式、63Ni源负离子模式和真空紫外灯光电离模式的组合电离源,可以连续监测空气中挥发性有机化合物.仪器采用全自动的采样进样系统,同时检测了二甲基亚砜的正离子和二氯甲烷的负离子,实现了正负离子的同时检测.通过对阵列离子迁移谱图的综合解析,识别了63Ni源正离子模式下难以鉴别的丙烯腈、间二甲苯和丙酮.连续4 d定量测定丙酮样品,结果表明仪器对丙酮的线性检测范围为2个数量级,线性相关系数R优于0.995,

  17. Design and realization of vehicle monitoring terminal based on ARM-Linux system%基于ARM-Linux的车载监控终端设计及实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戚微苏; 赵宇; 潘勇

    2012-01-01

    A kind of the vehicle real-time monitoring remote terminal implementation scheme based on ARM-Linux system is proposed. The terminal, which is making use the Linux, Samsung S3C6410 Microprocessor as platform of software and hardware,and expanding the image acquisition,satellite positioning,radio frequency identification, wireless communication and other functional modules on the platform. It can realize the function of monitoring cargo security, providing the current position and image information of the car, achieving real-time communication. This paper focuses on the system hardware design and software design, the composition of the module and its functions in vehicle monitoring system. The experiments show that the terminal system has stable performance and meets the design requirements of function. In practical applications it has a certain value.%提出了一种基于ARM-Linux的车载实时监控远程终端实现方案.该车载监控终端系统以Linux、Samsung S3C6410微处理器作为软硬件平台,并在此硬件平台上扩展了图像采集、GPS定位、射频识别以及GPRS无线传输等功能模块.它可实现监控货物安全、提供车载位置和图像信息,达到实时监控的功能.重点阐述了终端系统的硬件设计及软件设计,各功能模块及其在车载监控终端系统中的功能.经多次实验表明,该终端系统性能稳定,满足设计的功能要求.在实际应用中具有一定的参考价值.

  18. Control of Multiple Robotic Sentry Vehicles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Feddema, J.; Klarer, P.; Lewis, C.

    1999-04-01

    As part of a project for the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Sandia National Laboratories is developing and testing the feasibility of using of a cooperative team of robotic sentry vehicles to guard a perimeter and to perform surround and diversion tasks. This paper describes on-going activities in the development of these robotic sentry vehicles. To date, we have developed a robotic perimeter detection system which consists of eight ''Roving All Terrain Lunar Explorer Rover'' (RATLER{trademark}) vehicles, a laptop-based base-station, and several Miniature Intrusion Detection Sensors (MIDS). A radio frequency receiver on each of the RATLER vehicles alerts the sentry vehicles of alarms from the hidden MIDS. When an alarm is received, each vehicle decides whether it should investigate the alarm based on the proximity of itself and the other vehicles to the alarm. As one vehicle attends an alarm, the other vehicles adjust their position around the perimeter to better prepare for another alarm. We have also demonstrated the ability to drive multiple vehicles in formation via tele-operation or by waypoint GPS navigation. This is currently being extended to include mission planning capabilities. At the base-station, the operator can draw on an aerial map the goal regions to be surrounded and the repulsive regions to be avoided. A potential field path planner automatically generates a path from the vehicles' current position to the goal regions while avoiding the repulsive regions and the other vehicles. This path is previewed to the operator before the regions are downloaded to the vehicles. The same potential field path planner resides on the vehicle, except additional repulsive forces from on-board proximity sensors guide the vehicle away from unplanned obstacles.

  19. Control of multiple robotic sentry vehicles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feddema, John T.; Lewis, Christopher L.; Klarer, Paul

    1999-07-01

    As part of a project for the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Sandia National Laboratories is developing and testing the feasibility of using of a cooperative team of robotic sentry vehicles to guard a perimeter and to perform surround and diversion tasks. This paper describes on-going activities in the development of these robotic sentry vehicles. To date, we have developed a robotic perimeter detection system which consists of eight 'Roving All Terrain Lunar Explorer Rover' (RATLERTM) vehicles, a laptop-based base-station, and several Miniature Intrusion Detection Sensors (MIDS). A radio frequency receiver on each of the RATLER vehicles alerts the sentry vehicles of alarms from the hidden MIDS. When an alarm is received, each vehicle decides whether it should investigate the alarm based on the proximity of itself and the other vehicles to the alarm. As one vehicle attends an alarm, the other vehicles adjust their position around the perimeter to better prepare for another alarm. We have also demonstrated the ability to drive multiple vehicles in formation via tele-operation or by waypoint GPS navigation. This is currently being extended to include mission planning capabilities. At the base-station, the operator can draw on an aerial map the goal regions to be surrounded and the repulsive regions to be avoided. A potential field path planner automatically generates a path from the vehicles' current position to the goal regions while avoiding the repulsive regions and the other vehicles. This path is previewed to the operator before the regions are downloaded to the vehicles. The same potential field path planner resides on the vehicle, expect additional repulsive forces from on-board proximity sensors guide the vehicle away from unplanned obstacles.

  20. 无人机多光谱影像辐射一致性自动校正%Automatic radiation uniformity correction of multispectral imagery acquired with unmanned aerial vehicle

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨贵军; 万鹏; 于海洋; 徐波; 冯海宽

    2015-01-01

    针对一个架次内无人机影像由于光照度变化、拍摄角度等原因引起的相同地物点在不同影像上的辐射信息不一致的问题,验证了利用SIFT(scale invariant feature transform)算法匹配同名点,然后利用同名点灰度值的相关关系建立校正模型,再用该校正模型校正整幅影像的辐射一致性校正方法。对比评价了基于直方图匹配的色彩一致性校正方法、原始色彩空间辐射一致性校正、针对三波段影像的 HSV(hue,saturation,value)色彩空间亮度一致性校正以及双边滤波去噪的效果。试验结果表明:基于直方图匹配的色彩一致性校正能在视觉上达到很好的效果,但是会造成校正后影像的灰度级严重缺失;基于同名点灰度值相关关系的校正模型能够很好地恢复待校正影像与基准影像的辐射一致性;HSV色彩空间亮度一致性校正能够在色彩上和辐射信息上与基准影像均达到很好的一致性,但只适用于三波段影像;双边滤波在去除噪声的同时,能够保持甚至提高校正后影像与基准影像的辐射一致性。%Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) are an exciting new remote sensing tool capable of acquiring high resolution spatial data. In a data acquisition task, hundreds of images are acquired in a sortie due to the very small footprint of each image. The gray-scale value of homonymous points in adjacent-image pairs which is gathered by unmanned aerial vehicle in a sortie should be consistent on an -idealized condition. Actually, the gray-scale value of homonymous points always yields different results due to changes in illuminance, different shooting angle etc. In this study, we described a methodology for radiation uniformity correction among different images. The first step of the methodology was matching the images by scale invariant feature transform (SIFT) feature detector to extract homonymous points from which its gray

  1. Line matching for automatic change detection algorithm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dhollande, Jérôme; Monnin, David; Gond, Laetitia; Cudel, Christophe; Kohler, Sophie; Dieterlen, Alain

    2012-06-01

    During foreign operations, Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) are one of major threats that soldiers may unfortunately encounter along itineraries. Based on a vehicle-mounted camera, we propose an original approach by image comparison to detect signicant changes on these roads. The classic 2D-image registration techniques do not take into account parallax phenomena. The consequence is that the misregistration errors could be detected as changes. According to stereovision principles, our automatic method compares intensity proles along corresponding epipolar lines by extrema matching. An adaptive space warping compensates scale dierence in 3D-scene. When the signals are matched, the signal dierence highlights changes which are marked in current video.

  2. Abandoned vehicles

    CERN Multimedia

    Relations with the Host States Service

    2004-01-01

    The services in charge of managing the CERN site have recently noted an increase in the number of abandoned vehicles. This poses a risk from the point of view of safety and security and, on the eve of several important events in honour of CERN's fiftieth anniversary, is detrimental to the Organization's image. Owners of vehicles that have been left immobile for some time on the CERN site, including on the external car park by the flags, are therefore invited to contact the Reception and Access Control Service (service-parking-longterm@cern.ch) before 1st October 2004 and, where appropriate, move their vehicle to a designated long-term parking area. After this date, any vehicle whose owner has failed to respond to this request and which is without a number plate, has been stationary for several weeks or is out of service, may be impounded at the owner's risk and expense. Relations with the Host States Service Tel. 72848

  3. Design and implementation of automatic monitoring system for layers production parameters%蛋鸡生产参数自动监测系统设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王春山; 李久熙; 黄仁录; 吕继兴; 李丽华

    2014-01-01

    为了在蛋鸡自然状态下,实现对其采食量、饮水量、排泄量、产蛋时间、蛋质量等生产参数的长期自动采集,克服人工采集工作量大,鸡应激反应造成误差大等问题,设计并实现了基于传感器网络的蛋鸡生产参数自动监测系统。该装置运用人机工程学的设计方法,将传统鸡笼与传感器有机结合,实现了对蛋鸡生产参数无干扰远程监测。该文重点分析了鸡笼的机械结构设计、传感器通信原理、数据采集与分析利用问题。试验结果表明,系统运行稳定,采食量、饮水量、排泄量、蛋质量平均相对误差均小于0.2%。该研究提高了监测数据的精确性,为蛋鸡养殖中科研数据收集、分析和利用提供了新方法和手段,为进一步研究蛋鸡生长过程中生产参数的无干扰自动采集技术提供了参考。%In order to identify and avoid risks during the breeding process of laying hens, it is necessary to acquire real-time and continuous data of laying hens’ physiology and production parameters. At present, data acquisition and processing is mainly dependent on the manual mode, which is a very costly and time consuming process. Meanwhile, the data obtained from human observation involves strong subjectivity, which could be disadvantageous for carrying out accurate, stable, and continuous recording. In addition, the manual mode of data measurement will affect the living environment and physiological state of laying hens, and even cause stress reactions. This will, in turn, affect the accuracy of data monitoring. Therefore, if there is an approach to collect all kinds of physiology and production parameters of laying hens in the natural state, the acquired data will be more accurate and closer to the actual situation of the testing objects. On the basis of previous studies, this paper proposes an automatic data monitoring system for laying hens’ production parameters based on

  4. ANPS - AUTOMATIC NETWORK PROGRAMMING SYSTEM

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schroer, B. J.

    1994-01-01

    Development of some of the space program's large simulation projects -- like the project which involves simulating the countdown sequence prior to spacecraft liftoff -- requires the support of automated tools and techniques. The number of preconditions which must be met for a successful spacecraft launch and the complexity of their interrelationship account for the difficulty of creating an accurate model of the countdown sequence. Researchers developed ANPS for the Nasa Marshall Space Flight Center to assist programmers attempting to model the pre-launch countdown sequence. Incorporating the elements of automatic programming as its foundation, ANPS aids the user in defining the problem and then automatically writes the appropriate simulation program in GPSS/PC code. The program's interactive user dialogue interface creates an internal problem specification file from user responses which includes the time line for the countdown sequence, the attributes for the individual activities which are part of a launch, and the dependent relationships between the activities. The program's automatic simulation code generator receives the file as input and selects appropriate macros from the library of software modules to generate the simulation code in the target language GPSS/PC. The user can recall the problem specification file for modification to effect any desired changes in the source code. ANPS is designed to write simulations for problems concerning the pre-launch activities of space vehicles and the operation of ground support equipment and has potential for use in developing network reliability models for hardware systems and subsystems. ANPS was developed in 1988 for use on IBM PC or compatible machines. The program requires at least 640 KB memory and one 360 KB disk drive, PC DOS Version 2.0 or above, and GPSS/PC System Version 2.0 from Minuteman Software. The program is written in Turbo Prolog Version 2.0. GPSS/PC is a trademark of Minuteman Software. Turbo Prolog

  5. Automatic Classification of Attacks on IP Telephony

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jakub Safarik

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This article proposes an algorithm for automatic analysis of attack data in IP telephony network with a neural network. Data for the analysis is gathered from variable monitoring application running in the network. These monitoring systems are a typical part of nowadays network. Information from them is usually used after attack. It is possible to use an automatic classification of IP telephony attacks for nearly real-time classification and counter attack or mitigation of potential attacks. The classification use proposed neural network, and the article covers design of a neural network and its practical implementation. It contains also methods for neural network learning and data gathering functions from honeypot application.

  6. 基于 FBG 传感的水下潜器结构健康监测系统研究%Health Monitoring of Underwater Vehicle Using Fiber Bragg Grating Sensing Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邱磊; 吴梵; 吕岩松

    2014-01-01

    依据水下潜器深潜期间耐压壳结构的强度保障需求,以光纤光栅( FBG)原理为基础,针对水下潜器耐压壳结构特点,对光纤光栅应变传感监测系统的基本构成和工作原理进行分析,具体给出各监测子系统功能作用和监测系统流程。通过理论计算及复杂应力区的有限元数值仿真模拟,为实现光纤光栅测点优化布设提供力学基础。%On the basis of security demand of servicing underwater vehicle when deep diving , the fiber Bragg grating sensing technology was used to analyze the basic composition and working principle of structural health monitoring system .The functions and monitoring flow of the subsystem were put forward .By theoretical calculation and finite element simulation , the mechanics foundation of the health monitoring system was investigated to optimize the layout .

  7. All-optical automatic pollen identification: Towards an operational system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crouzy, Benoît; Stella, Michelle; Konzelmann, Thomas; Calpini, Bertrand; Clot, Bernard

    2016-09-01

    We present results from the development and validation campaign of an optical pollen monitoring method based on time-resolved scattering and fluorescence. Focus is first set on supervised learning algorithms for pollen-taxa identification and on the determination of aerosol properties (particle size and shape). The identification capability provides a basis for a pre-operational automatic pollen season monitoring performed in parallel to manual reference measurements (Hirst-type volumetric samplers). Airborne concentrations obtained from the automatic system are compatible with those from the manual method regarding total pollen and the automatic device provides real-time data reliably (one week interruption over five months). In addition, although the calibration dataset still needs to be completed, we are able to follow the grass pollen season. The high sampling from the automatic device allows to go beyond the commonly-presented daily values and we obtain statistically significant hourly concentrations. Finally, we discuss remaining challenges for obtaining an operational automatic monitoring system and how the generic validation environment developed for the present campaign could be used for further tests of automatic pollen monitoring devices.

  8. Vehicle speed control transition module and method

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mangan, E.L.; Conklin, B.

    1986-12-16

    An apparatus is described for automatically controlling the speed of a driverless vehicle comprising a stationary frame supporting first, second and third aligned drive tubes between tracks on the frame and which are adapted to support a driverless vehicle. A means is included for independently driving the first, second and third drive tubes such that each tube, when driven, rotates about its longitudinal axis, sensor means disposed along the frame for actuation by a driverless vehicle. The means for independently driving the drive tubes includes variable speed drive means responsive to the sensor means fro driving the second tube between first and second speeds. A method is described of automatically controlling the speed of a driverless vehicle which travels along first, second and third aligned drive tubes by frictional contact therewith. It maintains the first, second, and third drive tubes out of mechanical engagement with each other at all times, sensing the location of the driverless vehicle, driving the first drive tube at a first speed, driving the third drive tube at a second at a second speed. It also varies the speed of the second drive tube from the first speed to the second speed based on the sensed location of the driverless vehicle while the vehicle is driven by contact with the second drive tube.

  9. Automatic targeting of plasma spray gun

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A means for monitoring the material portion in the flame of a plasma spray gun during spraying operations is described. A collimated detector, sensitive to certain wavelengths of light emission, is used to locate the centroid of the material with each pass of the gun. The response from the detector is then relayed to the gun controller to be used to automatically realign the gun

  10. Automotive Control Systems: For Engine, Driveline, and Vehicle

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiencke, Uwe; Nielsen, Lars

    Advances in automotive control systems continue to enhance safety and comfort and to reduce fuel consumption and emissions. Reflecting the trend to optimization through integrative approaches for engine, driveline, and vehicle control, this valuable book enables control engineers to understand engine and vehicle models necessary for controller design, and also introduces mechanical engineers to vehicle-specific signal processing and automatic control. The emphasis on measurement, comparisons between performance and modeling, and realistic examples derive from the authors' unique industrial experience

  11. Automatic text summarization

    CERN Document Server

    Torres Moreno, Juan Manuel

    2014-01-01

    This new textbook examines the motivations and the different algorithms for automatic document summarization (ADS). We performed a recent state of the art. The book shows the main problems of ADS, difficulties and the solutions provided by the community. It presents recent advances in ADS, as well as current applications and trends. The approaches are statistical, linguistic and symbolic. Several exemples are included in order to clarify the theoretical concepts.  The books currently available in the area of Automatic Document Summarization are not recent. Powerful algorithms have been develop

  12. Automatic utilities auditing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Smith, Colin Boughton [Energy Metering Technology (United Kingdom)

    2000-08-01

    At present, energy audits represent only snapshot situations of the flow of energy. The normal pattern of energy audits as seen through the eyes of an experienced energy auditor is described. A brief history of energy auditing is given. It is claimed that the future of energy auditing lies in automatic meter reading with expert data analysis providing continuous automatic auditing thereby reducing the skill element. Ultimately, it will be feasible to carry out auditing at intervals of say 30 minutes rather than five years.

  13. Automatic Camera Control

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Burelli, Paolo; Preuss, Mike

    2014-01-01

    Automatically generating computer animations is a challenging and complex problem with applications in games and film production. In this paper, we investigate howto translate a shot list for a virtual scene into a series of virtual camera configurations — i.e automatically controlling the virtual...... camera. We approach this problem by modelling it as a dynamic multi-objective optimisation problem and show how this metaphor allows a much richer expressiveness than a classical single objective approach. Finally, we showcase the application of a multi-objective evolutionary algorithm to generate a shot...

  14. Plume-based analysis of vehicle fleet air pollutant emissions and the contribution from high emitters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. M. Wang

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available An automated identification and integration method has been developed to investigate in-use vehicle emissions under real-world conditions. This technique was applied to high time resolution air pollutant measurements of in-use vehicle emissions performed under real-world conditions at a near-road monitoring station in Toronto, Canada during four seasons, through month-long campaigns in 2013–2014. Based on carbon dioxide measurements, over 100 000 vehicle-related plumes were automatically identified and fuel-based emission factors for nitrogen oxides; carbon monoxide; particle number, black carbon; benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylenes (BTEX; and methanol were determined for each plume. Thus the automated identification enabled the measurement of an unprecedented number of plumes and pollutants over an extended duration. Emission factors for volatile organic compounds were also measured roadside for the first time using a proton transfer reaction time-of-flight mass spectrometer; this instrument provided the time resolution required for the plume capture technique. Mean emission factors were characteristic of the light-duty gasoline dominated vehicle fleet present at the measurement site, with mean black carbon and particle number emission factors of 35 mg kg−1 and 7.7 × 1014 kg−1, respectively. The use of the plume-by-plume analysis enabled isolation of vehicle emissions, and the elucidation of co-emitted pollutants from similar vehicle types, variability of emissions across the fleet, and the relative contribution from heavy emitters. It was found that a small proportion of the fleet (< 25% contributed significantly to total fleet emissions; 95, 93, 76, and 75% for black carbon, carbon monoxide, BTEX, and particle number, respectively. Emission factors of a single pollutant may help classify a vehicle as a high emitter. However, regulatory strategies to more efficiently target multi-pollutants mixtures may be better developed by

  15. Battery control system for hybrid vehicle and method for controlling a hybrid vehicle battery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bockelmann, Thomas R.; Hope, Mark E.; Zou, Zhanjiang; Kang, Xiaosong

    2009-02-10

    A battery control system for hybrid vehicle includes a hybrid powertrain battery, a vehicle accessory battery, and a prime mover driven generator adapted to charge the vehicle accessory battery. A detecting arrangement is configured to monitor the vehicle accessory battery's state of charge. A controller is configured to activate the prime mover to drive the generator and recharge the vehicle accessory battery in response to the vehicle accessory battery's state of charge falling below a first predetermined level, or transfer electrical power from the hybrid powertrain battery to the vehicle accessory battery in response to the vehicle accessory battery's state of charge falling below a second predetermined level. The invention further includes a method for controlling a hybrid vehicle powertrain system.

  16. Automatic removal of outliers in hydrologic time series and quality control of rainfall data: processing a real-time database of the Local System for Flood Monitoring in Klodzko County, Poland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mizinski, Bartlomiej; Niedzielski, Tomasz; Kryza, Maciej; Szymanowski, Mariusz

    2013-04-01

    Real-time hydrological forecasting requires the highest quality of both hydrologic and meteorological data collected in a given river basin. Large outliers may lead to inaccurate predictions, with substantial departures between observations and prognoses considered even in short term. Although we need the correctness of both riverflow and rainfall data, they cannot be processed in the same way to produce a filtered output. Indeed, hydrologic time series at a given gauge can be interpolated in time domain after having detected suspicious values, however if no outlier has been detected at the upstream sites. In the case of rainfall data, interpolation is not suitable as we cannot verify the potential outliers at a given site against data from other sites especially in the complex terrain. This is due to the fact that very local convective events may occur, leading to large rainfall peaks at a limited space. Hence, instead of interpolating data, we rather perform a flagging procedure that only ranks outliers according to the likelihood of occurrence. Following the aforementioned assumptions, we have developed a few modules that serve a purpose of a fully automated correction of a database that is updated in real-time every 15 minutes, and the main objective of the work was to produce a high-quality database for a purpose of hydrologic rainfall-runoff modeling and ensemble prediction. The database in question is available courtesy of the County Office in Kłodzko (SW Poland), the institution which owns and maintains the Local System for Flood Monitoring in Kłodzko County. The dedicated prediction system, known as HydroProg, is now being built at the University of Wrocław (Poland). As the entire prediction system, the correction modules work automatically in real time and are developed in R language. They are plugged in to a larger IT infrastructure. Hydrologic time series, which are water levels recorded every 15 minutes at 22 gauges located in Kłodzko County, are

  17. Annual Variation Characteristics of Water Quality in Qinzhou Bay through Automatic Monitoring%钦州湾水质自动监测的周年变化特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李天深; 蓝文陆

    2014-01-01

    [Objective]The annual variation characteristics of water quality in Qinzhou bay(Mao-wei Sea and outside of Qinzhou bay)were studied,and the causes of usually exceeding standard of the water quality were investigated.[Methods]Diurnal and quarterly changes of water pH, temperature,salinity,dissolved oxygen and chlorophyll were analyzed,using the automatic monitoring data during 2012.[Results]The values of water pH,salinity and dissolved oxygen showed a high level in the first and fourth seasons,and low in the second and third seasons. Their maximum value occurred in the first season,and the minimum in the third season.The maximum value of chlorophyll of Maowei Sea occurred in the third season,while that of the outside of the Qinzhou bay revealed in the first season.The main factor of exceed standard was pH,of which 243 days exceed the standard in Maowei sea and 42 days in the outside of the Qinzhou bay.[Conclusion]The pH usually exceeds the standard,of which the main reason was that the sea water standard is used to evaluate the water quality of estuary,which significantly affected by surface water.It should be soon to determine the scope of the estuary and draft estuarine water quality assessment methods and standards that could reasonably evaluate and su-pervise the water quality of estuary.%【目的】研究钦州湾(茅尾海和钦州湾外湾)周年水质变化特征,探讨海湾水质经常性超标的原因。【方法】利用2012年在线自动监测数据,分析海域水温、盐度、pH值、溶解氧以及叶绿素的周年日、季变化。【结果】两个海区盐度、pH值、溶解氧均呈现一、四季度高,二、三季度低的特征,其中最高值出现在第一季度,最低值出现在第三季度。茅尾海叶绿素最高值出现在第三季度,而钦州湾外湾出现在第一季度。茅尾海和钦州湾外湾水质超标主要为 pH值,超标天数分别为243d和42d。【结论】茅尾海和钦州湾外湾

  18. Automatic water quality monitoring system of live fish transport tank%基于安卓智能手机的鱼类体长、体重及肥满度的测定研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈柏松; 孙英泽; 胡婧; 欧阳海鹰; 闫雪; 付卓

    2013-01-01

    提出了一种基于手机拍照测量技术的黄鳝( Monopterus albus)体长测定方法:只要用手机的手写笔作为尺寸参照物放在黄鳝旁边,即可通过拍照测定其体长;得到体长后可通过黄鳝体长-体重的回归模型进行体重估算。研究发现:体长-体重回归模型在估算较大的黄鳝时存在较大的误差,因此提出一种基于杠杆原理的利用手机手写笔作为秤杆来准确测量黄鳝体重的方法,最后将上述方法及模型集成到安卓手机软件中,构建了一个基于安卓手机的黄鳝体长、体重及肥满度的测定系统。结果表明:该系统测定体长、体重及肥满度的相对误差分别为1%、4.9%及5%;该系统可准确、方便、无损地测量黄鳝体长、体重及肥满度等参数。%In order to ensure the survival of the fish , the pH, dissolved oxygen, temperature and other parameters should be controlled in a suitable range in the process of long-distance transportation of high density .This article describes an automatic monitoring system ,using pH meters dissolved oxygen analyzer and temperature sensor to detect related parameters respectively .During the transportation process, the fish excrement was cleared by a filter system , which helped to control the pH .The Dissolved oxygen in water was controlled by an oxygen pump and a composite oxygen-increasing agent.Also, the water temperature was controlled through the chiller water system .through tests, the operational rules of container transportation of live fish were determined as follow:appraisal, temporary culture, pre-cool, encasement, transport, re-warming.The results showed that after appraisal and temporary culture , the survival rate of fish can reach as high as 95%after 72 hour's transportation under the condition of a 1∶2 mass rate of water to fish, pH 6.5-8, the temperature controlled at 7 ℃ and the temperature change rate is less than 2 ℃/h, dissolved

  19. Think City Electric Vehicle Demonstration Program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ford Motor Company

    2005-03-01

    The THINK city Electric Vehicle (EV) Demonstration Program Project, initiated late 2001, has been successfully completed as of April 2005. US. Partners include Federal, State and Municipal agencies as well as commercial partners. Phase I, consisting of placement of the vehicles in demonstration programs, was completed in 2002. Phase II, the monitoring of these programs was completed in 2004. Phase III, the decommissioning and/or exporting of vehicles concluded in 2005. Phase I--the Program successfully assigned 192 EV's with customers (including Hertz) in the state of California, 109 in New York (including loaner and demo vehicles), 16 in Georgia, 7 to customers outside of the US and 52 in Ford's internal operations in Dearborn Michigan for a total of 376 vehicles. The Program was the largest operating Urban EV Demonstration Project in the United States. Phase II--the monitoring of the operational fleet was ongoing and completed in 2004, and all vehicles were returned throughout 2004 and 2005. The Department of Energy (DOE) was involved with the monitoring of the New York Power Authority/THINK Clean Commute Program units through partnership with Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation (ETEC), which filed separate reports to DOE. The remainder of the field fleet was monitored through Ford's internal operations. Vehicles were retired from lease operation throughout the program for various operator reasons. Some of the vehicles were involved in re-leasing operations. At the end of the program, 376 vehicles had been involved, 372 of which were available for customer use while 4 were engineering prototype and study vehicles. Phase III--decommissioning and/or export of vehicles. In accordance with the NHTSA requirement, City vehicles could not remain in the United States past their three-year allowed program timeframe. At the end of leases, City vehicles have been decommissioned and/or exported to KamKorp in Norway.

  20. Development of Mobile Radiological Monitor

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>Mobile radiological monitor is used to detect gamma rays and neutron for personal and vehicle. It can be installed on a microbus as a mobile monitoring system. One large plastic scintillation detector is

  1. 基于无线传感器网络的物流运输车远程监控系统研究%Study on Logistics Transportation Vehicle Remote Monitoring System Based on Wireless Sensor Network

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴学军

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, we proposed a remote monitoring system for logistics transportation vehicles based on wireless sensor network and CPRS communication system which could satisfy the specified requirement of the realtime collection and transmission of the information concerning logistics vehicle and cargo—in-transit.%根据物流发展领域对物流运输监控的要求,综合无线传感器网络和无线通信技术的特点,提出了一种基于无线传感器网络与GPRS通信的物流运输车的远程监控系统.该系统适用性较高,在对物流运输车及货物的信息进行实时地采集和信息传送方面达到设计的要求,实现远程监控的功能.

  2. 井下人员定位及胶轮车监控系统的研究%Research on Personnel Positioning in the Pit and Rubber-tyred Vehicle Monitoring System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王堃

    2013-01-01

    In order to improve the safety of coal production, this paper expounds the application of personnel positioning in the pit and rubber-tyred vehicle monitoring system in mine production, describes the working principle and function of this system, and provides a reference for the mine safety production in a certain extent.%为了提高煤矿生产的安全性,本文通过阐述井下人员定位及胶轮车监控系统在矿井生产中的应用,介绍该系统的工作原理和功能,在一定程度上为矿井的安全生产提供参考依据。

  3. Automatic checking system of radioactivity in motor-cars 'AKKORD'

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A monitoring device has been developed for an automated checking of all vehicles leaving or entering a nuclear installation against uncontrolled lost of radioactive material. This device is an excellent tool for radioactive material flow control. (orig.)

  4. Design of Vehicle Remote Positioning and Monitoring System Based on GPS and Google Earth%基于GPS和Google Earth的车辆远程定位监测系统的设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜娟; 尹文庆; 钱燕; 张美娜

    2013-01-01

    In recent years,the problems of vehicle safety and management are increasingly prominent.On the basis of analysis on the disadvantage of two-dimensional electronic map,a remote positioning and monitoring system is developed which integrates GPS,Google Earth and 3 G technology.Serial communication between GPS receiver and on-board computer is realized in the Visual C + + environment,and then the GPS data are transferred to the remote monitoring center through 3G network.The location of the mobile vehicle will be traced through Google Earth after secondary development of the GPS data.The experiments prove that by comparing with two-dimensional electronic map,Google Earth can more accurately realize dynamic,real-time,real positioning display.%针对近年来日益凸显的车辆安全和管理问题,在分析传统的二维电子地图不足的基础上,运用GPS技术、Google Earth与3G技术相结合,开发了远程定位监测系统.在Visual C++环境下编程实现了GPS接收机与车载计算机之间的串口通信,通过3G网络将GPS数据传输到远程监测中心,在监测中心将GPS数据提取后利用Google Earth二次开发对移动车辆进行定位跟踪.实验表明,相对传统的二维电子地图,利用Google Earth可以更精确地实现动态、实时、实景定位显示.

  5. Software architecture of biomimetic underwater vehicle

    Science.gov (United States)

    Praczyk, Tomasz; Szymak, Piotr

    2016-05-01

    Autonomous underwater vehicles are vehicles that are entirely or partly independent of human decisions. In order to obtain operational independence, the vehicles have to be equipped with a specialized software. The main task of the software is to move the vehicle along a trajectory with collision avoidance. Moreover, the software has also to manage different devices installed on the vehicle board, e.g. to start and stop cameras, sonars etc. In addition to the software embedded on the vehicle board, the software responsible for managing the vehicle by the operator is also necessary. Its task is to define mission of the vehicle, to start, to stop the mission, to send emergency commands, to monitor vehicle parameters, and to control the vehicle in remotely operated mode. An important objective of the software is also to support development and tests of other software components. To this end, a simulation environment is necessary, i.e. simulation model of the vehicle and all its key devices, the model of the sea environment, and the software to visualize behavior of the vehicle. The paper presents architecture of the software designed for biomimetic autonomous underwater vehicle (BAUV) that is being constructed within the framework of the scientific project financed by Polish National Center of Research and Development.

  6. Experience of the ARGO autonomous vehicle

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bertozzi, Massimo; Broggi, Alberto; Conte, Gianni; Fascioli, Alessandra

    1998-07-01

    This paper presents and discusses the first results obtained by the GOLD (Generic Obstacle and Lane Detection) system as an automatic driver of ARGO. ARGO is a Lancia Thema passenger car equipped with a vision-based system that allows to extract road and environmental information from the acquired scene. By means of stereo vision, obstacles on the road are detected and localized, while the processing of a single monocular image allows to extract the road geometry in front of the vehicle. The generality of the underlying approach allows to detect generic obstacles (without constraints on shape, color, or symmetry) and to detect lane markings even in dark and in strong shadow conditions. The hardware system consists of a PC Pentium 200 Mhz with MMX technology and a frame-grabber board able to acquire 3 b/w images simultaneously; the result of the processing (position of obstacles and geometry of the road) is used to drive an actuator on the steering wheel, while debug information are presented to the user on an on-board monitor and a led-based control panel.

  7. Automatic Complexity Analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rosendahl, Mads

    1989-01-01

    One way to analyse programs is to to derive expressions for their computational behaviour. A time bound function (or worst-case complexity) gives an upper bound for the computation time as a function of the size of input. We describe a system to derive such time bounds automatically using abstract...

  8. An automatic evaluation system for NTA film neutron dosimeters

    CERN Document Server

    Müller, R

    1999-01-01

    At CERN, neutron personal monitoring for over 4000 collaborators is performed with Kodak NTA films, which have been shown to be the most suitable neutron dosimeter in the radiation environment around high-energy accelerators. To overcome the lengthy and strenuous manual scanning process with an optical microscope, an automatic analysis system has been developed. We report on the successful automatic scanning of NTA films irradiated with sup 2 sup 3 sup 8 Pu-Be source neutrons, which results in densely ionised recoil tracks, as well as on the extension of the method to higher energy neutrons causing sparse and fragmentary tracks. The application of the method in routine personal monitoring is discussed. $9 overcome the lengthy and strenuous manual scanning process with an optical microscope, an automatic analysis system has been developed. We report on the successful automatic scanning of NTA films irradiated with /sup 238/Pu-Be source $9 discussed. (10 refs).

  9. Design of Bridge-Detection Vehicle Monitoring System Based on Android%基于Android的桥梁检测车安全监控系统的设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张麒; 王秀敏; 任建新

    2012-01-01

    为解决国内桥梁检测车全局监控设备以及碰撞警报设备缺乏的问题,设计并实现了基于Android平台的一套智能监控系统.该系统通过倾角传感器采集的数据,用3D模型实时模拟机械臂的姿态,以达到全局监控的目的.同时可以根据实际情况构建虚拟障碍物,实现机械臂与障碍物碰撞的逼真模拟与警报.结果表明,该系统性能可靠、实用性强,不但解决了传统视频监控无法达到全局监控的问题,还对人工规避障碍物提供了可靠的参考.%To solve the problem of lacking of global monitoring device and collision warning device for domestic bridge-detection vehicle,we design and implement an intelligent monitoring system based on Android. The system uses real-time 3D model to simulate robot arm posture in realtime from tilt sensor, a-chieving global monitoring. The system can also build virtual obstacles based on actual situation,to simulate the collision between robot arm and obstacles vividly. If collision was detected,the system will trigger the alarm. Result shows that the system has reliable performance as well as strong practicability, it not only solve the problems of the traditional video surveillance can not reach the global monitoring, and also provides a reliable reference for avoiding obstacles by labour.

  10. Automatic guided wave PPM communication system for potential SHM of flooding members in sub-sea oilrigs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An automatic guided wave pulse position modulation system, using steel tubes as the communication channel, for detecting flooding in the hollow sub-sea structures of newly built offshore oilrigs is presented. Underwater close visual inspections (CVI) are normally conducted during swim-round surveys in pre-selected areas or areas suspected of damage. An acceptable alternative to CVI is a non-destructive testing (NDT) technique called flood member detection (FMD). Usually, this NDT technique employs ultrasound or x-rays to detect the presence of seawater in the tubular structures, requiring divers or remote operating vehicles (ROVs). The field-proven FMD technique, integrated within the concept of structural health monitoring, offers an alternative to these traditional inspection methods. The system employs two smart sensors and modulators, which transmit 40 kHz guided wave pulses, and a digital signal processing demodulator, which performs automatic detection of guided wave energy packets. Experiments were performed in dry conditions, inside and outside the laboratory; in the former using a steel tube 1.5 m×0.27 m×2 mm, and in the latter using a tubular steel heliport structure approximately 15 m×15 m in area and the base deck of an oilrig under construction. Results confirm that, although there was significant dispersion of the transmitted pulses, the system successfully distinguished automatically guided wave encoded information that could potentially be used in sub-sea oilrigs. (paper)

  11. Semi-automatic knee cartilage segmentation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dam, Erik B.; Folkesson, Jenny; Pettersen, Paola C.; Christiansen, Claus

    2006-03-01

    Osteo-Arthritis (OA) is a very common age-related cause of pain and reduced range of motion. A central effect of OA is wear-down of the articular cartilage that otherwise ensures smooth joint motion. Quantification of the cartilage breakdown is central in monitoring disease progression and therefore cartilage segmentation is required. Recent advances allow automatic cartilage segmentation with high accuracy in most cases. However, the automatic methods still fail in some problematic cases. For clinical studies, even if a few failing cases will be averaged out in the overall results, this reduces the mean accuracy and precision and thereby necessitates larger/longer studies. Since the severe OA cases are often most problematic for the automatic methods, there is even a risk that the quantification will introduce a bias in the results. Therefore, interactive inspection and correction of these problematic cases is desirable. For diagnosis on individuals, this is even more crucial since the diagnosis will otherwise simply fail. We introduce and evaluate a semi-automatic cartilage segmentation method combining an automatic pre-segmentation with an interactive step that allows inspection and correction. The automatic step consists of voxel classification based on supervised learning. The interactive step combines a watershed transformation of the original scan with the posterior probability map from the classification step at sub-voxel precision. We evaluate the method for the task of segmenting the tibial cartilage sheet from low-field magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of knees. The evaluation shows that the combined method allows accurate and highly reproducible correction of the segmentation of even the worst cases in approximately ten minutes of interaction.

  12. Development of advanced automatic control system for nuclear ship. 2. Perfect automatic operation after reactor scram events

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yabuuchi, Noriaki; Nakazawa, Toshio; Takahashi, Hiroki; Shimazaki, Junya; Hoshi, Tsutao [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan). Tokai Research Establishment

    1997-11-01

    An automatic operation system has been developed for the purpose of realizing a perfect automatic plant operation after reactor scram events. The goal of the automatic operation after a reactor scram event is to bring the reactor hot stand-by condition automatically. The basic functions of this system are as follows; to monitor actions of the equipments of safety actions after a reactor scram, to control necessary control equipments to bring a reactor to a hot stand-by condition automatically, and to energize a decay heat removal system. The performance evaluation on this system was carried out by comparing the results using to Nuclear Ship Engineering Simulation System (NESSY) and the those measured in the scram test of the nuclear ship `Mutsu`. As the result, it was showed that this system had the sufficient performance to bring a reactor to a hot syand-by condition quickly and safety. (author)

  13. Changqing Oilfield GPS Vehicle Monitoring System Design and Application of Trace Data%长庆油田GPS车辆监控系统轨迹数据设计与应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵立峰; 庾凌

    2014-01-01

    With the rapid development of computer technology, global positioning system (GPS) to get attention and widely used in various industries to achieve a GPS navigation information on a GIS visualization, integration and integration. The tech⁃nology also has been deeply Changqing Oilfield applications, building into a unified coverage of the whole field, with multi-function, support a variety of end products vehicle monitoring and management scheduling systems, platforms, users can rely on GPS nationwide satellite network operators, Changqing Oilfield enterprise network to achieve accurate positioning of vehicles, speed control, monitoring, scheduling, query and other functions, make full use of network resources and database technology, the formation of a new vehicle management and operation mode, the entire sharing oil company vehicles resource information. Achieve a mileage statistics, self-built roads and oil region gathering information points and draw maps, remote coordination of road traffic safety management, traffic safety decision making and risk assessment analysis from the macro to make Changqing Oil⁃field safety management approach, content, form occurs a fundamental change to improve the efficiency of the vehicle safety.%随着计算机技术的飞速发展,全球定位系统(GPS)在各行各业中得到广泛的重视和应用,实现了GPS导航信息在GIS上的可视化、一体化和集成化。该技术也在长庆油田得到了深入的应用,建设成了一个统一的覆盖全油田范围的、具备多功能、支持多种终端产品的车辆监控管理调度系统,平台用户可在全国范围内依靠GPS卫星、运营商网络、长庆油田企业网来实现车辆的精确定位、速度控制、监控、调度、查询等功能,充分利用网络资源和数据库技术,形成了全新的车辆管理模式和运行方式,实现整个油田公司车辆资源信息的共享。实现了里程统计、油区

  14. Automatic Classification of Marine Mammals with Speaker Classification Methods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kreimeyer, Roman; Ludwig, Stefan

    2016-01-01

    We present an automatic acoustic classifier for marine mammals based on human speaker classification methods as an element of a passive acoustic monitoring (PAM) tool. This work is part of the Protection of Marine Mammals (PoMM) project under the framework of the European Defense Agency (EDA) and joined by the Research Department for Underwater Acoustics and Geophysics (FWG), Bundeswehr Technical Centre (WTD 71) and Kiel University. The automatic classification should support sonar operators in the risk mitigation process before and during sonar exercises with a reliable automatic classification result.

  15. Validation of Vehicle Candidate Areas in Aerial Images Using Color Co-Occurrence Histograms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leister, W.; Tuermer, S.; Reinartz, P.; Hoffmann, K. H.; Stilla, U.

    2013-10-01

    Traffic monitoring plays an important role in transportation management. In addition, airborne acquisition enables a flexible and realtime mapping for special traffic situations e.g. mass events and disasters. Also the automatic extraction of vehicles from aerial imagery is a common application. However, many approaches focus on the target object only. As an extension to previously developed car detection techniques, a validation scheme is presented. The focus is on exploiting the background of the vehicle candidates as well as their color properties in the HSV color space. Therefore, texture of the vehicle background is described by color co-occurrence histograms. From all resulting histograms a likelihood function is calculated giving a quantity value to indicate whether the vehicle candidate is correctly classified. Only a few robust parameters have to be determined. Finally, the strategy is tested with a dataset of dense urban areas from the inner city of Munich, Germany. First results show that certain regions which are often responsible for false positive detections, such as vegetation or road markings, can be excluded successfully.

  16. 基于四旋翼无人机的人员体征监测系统%Vital Signs Monitoring System Based on Four Rotor Unmanned Aerial Vehicle

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡爱民; 汤爱武; 徐升

    2014-01-01

    This paper studies a new kind of vital signs monitoring system that provides fast rescue for field personnel, which integrates four rotor UAV, camera, wireless base station, monitoring and control station, monitoring terminal and vital signs detection equipment.By installing wireless base station on the four rotor UAV,the system realizes wireless monitoring of vital signs of all the mem-bers and site environment. Because the base station is installed on UAV and not affected by the topography, the limitation of ground mounted wireless base station can be overcome and the coverage of wireless signal can be improved.%研究了一种全新的生命体征监测系统,为野外活动人员提供快速的救援保障。系统整合四旋翼无人机、摄像头、无线基站、测控站、监控终端和生命体征检测设备,在四旋翼无人机上安装无线基站,实现无线监测所有队员的生命体征信息和现场情况。基站安装在无人机上,不受地形的影响,解决了传统地面安装基站的局限性,并提高了无线信号的覆盖范围。

  17. Electronics in vehicle systems. Control, regulation and communication systems; 2. new rev. and enl. ed.; Elektronik im Kraftfahrzeugwesen. Steuerungs-, Regelungs- und Kommunikationssysteme

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Walliser, G.; Oberhauser, M.; Vetter, H. [Fachhochschule fuer Technik, Esslingen (Germany). Fachbereich Fahrzeugbau; Abroell, M. [Honda Deutschland GmbH, Offenbach am Main (Germany); Acker, B. [Daimler Benz AG, Esslingen (Germany); Darenberg, W.; Diesner, K.; Fruehauf, F.; Kuehner, T.; Leiber, H.; Neumann, H.; Noecker, G.; Paulsen, L.; Widmann, H.G. [Daimler-Benz AG, Stuttgart (Germany); Gall, H. [Berufsakademie Stuttgart, Horb (Germany); Gloeckler, O.; Huber, W.; Loehr, D.; Mathony, H.J.; Suchowerskyj, W. [Bosch (R.) GmbH, Schwieberdingen (Germany); Gruener, R.; Waldeyer, F.; Zuckmantel, E. [Hella KG Hueck und Co., Lippstadt (Germany); Guenther, U. [Bosch (R.) GmbH, Reutlingen (Germany); Kaesser, J. [Blaupunkt-Werke GmbH, Hildesheim (Germany); Kirschner, M.; Koch-Duecker, H.J. [Bosch (R.) GmbH, Stuttgart (Germany); Maurer, G.; Mausner, E.; Schneider, E. [VDO Adolf Schindling AG, Schwalbach (Germany); Meyer-Staufenbiel, H. [Bosch (R.) GmbH, Karlsruhe (Germany); Nemec, D. [Bosch (R.) GmbH, Plochingen (Germany); Rist, G.P. [Deutscher Kraftfahrzeug-Ueberwachungsverein e.V. (DEKRA), Stuttgart (Germany); Schaefer, P. [Porsche (F.) AG Entwicklungszentrum Weissach (Germany); Scheid, G. [Siemens AG, Regensburg (Germany); Thomson, B. [Bayerische Motoren Werke AG (BMW), Muenchen (Germany); Wallentowitz, H. [Technische Hochschule Aachen (Germany). Lehrstuhl und Inst. fuer Kraftfahrwesen (IKA); Weible, R.; Zeiss, M. [VDO Adolf Schindling AG, Babenhausen (Germany)

    1997-12-31

    The book gives a comprehensive picture of the present state of development and gives a survey of vehicle electronics of the future and controllable and regulable vehicle components and possible electronic solutions. The book is divided into the following groups of subjects: 1. Control and regulation in vehicles - integrated circuits specific to vehicles - communication between control equipments - CADROC, computer-aided design and production of controllers - the build-up of electronic control equipment for vehicles. Drive unit: Control for petrol engines - diesel engine regulation - drive unit control for commercial vehicles - electronic controls of commercial vehicle automatic gearboxes. 2. Safety: Active vehicle safety systems - commercial vehicle braking plants - airbag initiation - tyre pressure control - the regulation of lamp beam width - spacing warning/spacing regulated - security systems against theft on vehicles - servicing concept for own diagnosis evaluation - sensors for monitoring vehicle functioning. 3. Comfort: Regulated drive systems - no load regulation with adaptive behaviour - driving speed regulation - heating and air conditioning regulation - modern central locking systems - active springing for private cars - inductive tracking control - automatic gearboxes as mechatronic systems - electronic gearbox control - mechanical load transmission and actuators. 4. Communication: Guide and information systems - display techniques for showing information in the vehicle - the car radio - mobile communication, trends in technology and process changes. (orig./AKF) 571 figs., 256 refs. [Deutsch] Das Buch vermittelt umfassend den aktuellen Entwicklungstand, gibt einen Ausblick in die KFZ-Elektronik der Zukunft und Fahrzeugkomponenten und dem Nichtelektroniker elektronische Loesungsmoeglichkeiten vor. Das Buch ist in folgenden Themen-Bloecke aufgeteilt: 1. Steuern und Regeln im Kraftfahrzeug - KFZ-spezifische integrierte Schaltungen - Kommunikation zwischen

  18. Automatically operated maglev public transport line in Nagoya

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hibi, Osamu [Aichi Rapid Transit Co., Aichi Prefecture (Japan). Engineering Dept.

    2006-07-01

    Tobu-Kyuryo-Line in Nagoya (Japan) is a mid-size automatically operated passenger line which adopts the HSST (high-speed surface transport) system. The vehicles are levitated with normal conducting electromagnets and propelled by a linear induction motor. Low noise by levitation and stable acceleration by the linear induction motor improve the riding comfort and ensure a faster transportation. Automatic operation is indispensable for stable operation and reduction of running costs. In the opening year, the Tobu-Kyuryo-Line played an important role as an access to EXPO2005 by carrying 20 million passengers. So far it had no serious trouble and has been operated safely. (orig.)

  19. Automatic trend estimation

    CERN Document Server

    Vamos¸, C˘alin

    2013-01-01

    Our book introduces a method to evaluate the accuracy of trend estimation algorithms under conditions similar to those encountered in real time series processing. This method is based on Monte Carlo experiments with artificial time series numerically generated by an original algorithm. The second part of the book contains several automatic algorithms for trend estimation and time series partitioning. The source codes of the computer programs implementing these original automatic algorithms are given in the appendix and will be freely available on the web. The book contains clear statement of the conditions and the approximations under which the algorithms work, as well as the proper interpretation of their results. We illustrate the functioning of the analyzed algorithms by processing time series from astrophysics, finance, biophysics, and paleoclimatology. The numerical experiment method extensively used in our book is already in common use in computational and statistical physics.

  20. Stability Control of Vehicle Emergency Braking with Tire Blowout

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qingzhang Chen

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available For the stability control and slowing down the vehicle to a safe speed after tire failure, an emergency automatic braking system with independent intellectual property is developed. After the system has received a signal of tire blowout, the automatic braking mode of the vehicle is determined according to the position of the failure tire and the motion state of vehicle, and a control strategy for resisting tire blowout additional yaw torque and deceleration is designed to slow down vehicle to a safe speed in an expected trajectory. The simulating test system is also designed, and the testing results show that the vehicle can be quickly stabilized and kept in the original track after tire blowout with the emergency braking system described in the paper.

  1. Non-cable vehicle guidance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Daugela, G.C.; Willott, A.M.; Chopiuk, R.G.; Thornton, S.E.

    1988-06-01

    The purpose is to determine the most promising driverless mine vehicle guidance systems that are not dependent on buried cables, and to plan their development. The project is presented in two phases: a preliminary study and literature review to determine whether suitable technologies exist to justify further work; and an in-depth assessment and selection of technologies for vehicle guidance. A large number of guidance elements are involved in a completely automated vehicle. The technologies that hold the best potential for development of guidance systems for mine vehicles are ultrasonics, radar, lasers, dead reckoning, and guidance algorithms. The best approach to adaptation of these technologies is on a step by step basis. Guidance modules that are complete in themselves and are designed to be integrated with other modules can provide short term benefits. Two modules are selected for development: the dragline operations monitor and automated machine control for optimized mining (AMCOM). 99 refs., 20 figs., 40 tabs.

  2. Automatic Program Reports

    OpenAIRE

    Lígia Maria da Silva Ribeiro; Gabriel de Sousa Torcato David

    2007-01-01

    To profit from the data collected by the SIGARRA academic IS, a systematic setof graphs and statistics has been added to it and are available on-line. Thisanalytic information can be automatically included in a flexible yearly report foreach program as well as in a synthesis report for the whole school. Somedifficulties in the interpretation of some graphs led to the definition of new keyindicators and the development of a data warehouse across the university whereeffective data consolidation...

  3. Automatic food decisions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mueller Loose, Simone

    Consumers' food decisions are to a large extent shaped by automatic processes, which are either internally directed through learned habits and routines or externally influenced by context factors and visual information triggers. Innovative research methods such as eye tracking, choice experiments...... and food diaries allow us to better understand the impact of unconscious processes on consumers' food choices. Simone Mueller Loose will provide an overview of recent research insights into the effects of habit and context on consumers' food choices....

  4. Automatic Differentiation Variational Inference

    OpenAIRE

    Kucukelbir, Alp; Tran, Dustin; Ranganath, Rajesh; Gelman, Andrew; Blei, David M.

    2016-01-01

    Probabilistic modeling is iterative. A scientist posits a simple model, fits it to her data, refines it according to her analysis, and repeats. However, fitting complex models to large data is a bottleneck in this process. Deriving algorithms for new models can be both mathematically and computationally challenging, which makes it difficult to efficiently cycle through the steps. To this end, we develop automatic differentiation variational inference (ADVI). Using our method, the scientist on...

  5. 基于物联网技术的汽车智能监测系统的实现%THE IMPLEMENTATION OF INTELLIGENT MONITORING SYSTEM FOR VEHICLES ORIENTED THE INTERNET OF THINGS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段升娟; 卢洪武; 高天雷; 高曦光

    2015-01-01

    Summer car spontaneous combustion accident,baby forgotten car choking phenomenon tragedy,car unattended theft of unnecessary loss of life and property to the people.To analyze the safety of the car use,inconjunction with the development status and social demands of the Internet of things,a set of oriented IOTintelligent vehicle monitoring system is designed.The system uses wireless sensor technology,Zigbee transmissiontechnology,GSMcommunication technology and data mining technology,composed of wireless monitoring sensorcluster,information acquisition gateway,mobile intelligent terminal and the server,The temperature and humiditydata measurement, infrared moving object perception, environmental image acquisition, data wireless datatransmission,storage,intelligent risk early warning function,convenient and reliable,high sensitivity,areachieved to monitor the car environment.The occurrence of accidents is prevented.%针对当前汽车使用的安全隐患,利用Zigbee传输技术、GSM通讯技术、WebService技术,设计了一套汽车智能监测系统,该系统由无线传感器集群、信息采集网关、移动智能终端和服务器组成,可以实现温湿度数据测量、红外移动物体感知、环境图像采集、无线数据传输、历史数据保存、智能风险预警等功能,轻便可靠,灵敏度高,能够有效地对车内环境进行监测,预防事故的发生。

  6. Car monitoring information systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alica KALAŠOVÁ

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this contribution is to characterize alternatives of information systems used for managing, processing and evaluation of information related to company vehicles. Especially we focus on logging, transferring and processing of on-road vehicle movement information in inland and international transportation. This segment of company information system has to monitor the car movement – actively or passively – according to demand of the company and after the processing it has to evaluate and give the complex monitoring of a situation of all the company vehicles to the controller.

  7. Feasibility study of an automatic vehicle for planetary exploration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerli, C.; Murolo, A.; Mugnuolo, R.; Gallo, E.; Cantatore, F.; Giardino, L.

    1993-01-01

    A study with the following objectives is reported: definition of the scientific objectives of a planetary exploration using a rover; definition of the planetary rover requirements; identification and characterization of the main subsystems of the rover; definition and critical areas and technological risks; and verification of the possibility on international cooperation on a planetary mission. The use of such a rover to investigate the Moon and Mars is focused upon.

  8. Energy-efficient automatic monitoring system of aquaculture based on WSN%基于无线传感器网络的节能型水产养殖自动监控系统

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋建明; 史国栋※; 李正明; 史兵; 宦娟

    2013-01-01

      Because of the expanding scale of aquaculture and rising labor costs, it is urgent to establish an automatic monitoring and control system of water quality. The optimized protocol of centralized low-power hierarchical clustering (LEACH-C) for a wireless sensor network communication and frequency control aeration system based on a programmable logic controller (PLC) was adopted. In a LEACH-C communication protocol, cluster heads were selected according to the residual energy of each node by the base station with fixed power supply. The aim of balancing the residual energy of each node was reached. From the actual control accuracy of the system, the changes in dissolved oxygen concentration was less than 0.02 mg/L than the value last time, and the corresponding node sent no data to its cluster head for saving energy. The test proved that the lifetime of a network adopted optimized LEACH-C protocol was 33.33%longer than that of a network adopted conventional LEACH protocol. The concentration of dissolved oxygen in water which was suitable for the perch growth was no less than 4.5 mg/L. As the concentration increased, the aeration efficiency will be gradually reduced. Therefore, the range of emergency oxygen was set from 4.5 to 5.5 mg/L. Based on measured value of dissolved oxygen content from the wireless sensor networks, a PI-PID algorithm was used in controlling the concentration of dissolved oxygen in the water body. When the error was large, the use of a set of PI parameters could quickly narrow the error; while error-hour, using a set of PID parameters could remain stable. In order to ensure the smooth switching of the two sets of parameters, a hysteresis switching area was set. This would ensure the timeliness and efficiency in oxygen supply when the dissolved oxygen concentration in water was less than 4.5 mg/L, or more than 5.5 mg/L. The dissolved oxygen in water was always suitable for the growth of fish. It is verified by experiment that compared with

  9. Beoordeling van het Automatic Rear Fog Flashlight ARFF-systeem (knipperende mistachterlampen) : een notitie ten behoeve van het Verbond van Verzekeraars.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schoon, C.C.

    1996-01-01

    The Automatic Rear Fog Flashlight (ARFF) system is an electronic circuit for activating the rear fog flashlights when braking a vehicle with the rear foglights switched on. The system aims to warn drivers of following vehicles for braking vehicles that are in front of them, in circumstances of bad v

  10. 新形势下江苏省地表水自动监测站运行管理模式对策建议%Suggestions and Counter Measures of Management Modes of Automatic Monitoring Sta-tions for Surface Water in Jiangsu Province in the New Situation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐亮; 钟声; 曹军; 郭蓉; 魏宏农; 汪晓燕

    2015-01-01

    This paper analyzed the development process and current status of operation and management models of automatic monito-ring stations for surface water in Jiangsu Province, as well as needs and the problems during the operation and management.The ad-vantages and disadvantages of the operation and management models in other areas of the nation were analyzed.It was proposed to decentralize the management authority for part of the stations in order to achieve authority and responsibility equitably.It was also suggested to start social quality control management in pilot stations for the sake of strengthening provincial monitoring and manage-ment capability, and in addition, to further improve the construction of the system in order to raise the management level.Finally, it was proposed to explore novel management models in order to improve the efficiency of automatic monitoring and management.%简述了江苏省地表水自动监测站运行管理模式发展历程和现状,以及运行管理需求和存在的问题。分析了国内其他地区地表水自动监测站运行管理模式的优缺点。提出,下放部分站点管理权限,实现权责相对统一;试点社会化质控管理,强化省级监督管理能力;进一步完善制度建设,提高水站管理水平;探索新型管理模式,提高自动监测管理效能。

  11. Development and Evaluation of Sensor Concepts for Ageless Aerospace Vehicles: Report 6 - Development and Demonstration of a Self-Organizing Diagnostic System for Structural Health Monitoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Batten, Adam; Edwards, Graeme; Gerasimov, Vadim; Hoschke, Nigel; Isaacs, Peter; Lewis, Chris; Moore, Richard; Oppolzer, Florien; Price, Don; Prokopenko, Mikhail; Scott, Andrew; Wang, Peter

    2010-01-01

    This report describes a significant advance in the capability of the CSIRO/NASA structural health monitoring Concept Demonstrator (CD). The main thrust of the work has been the development of a mobile robotic agent, and the hardware and software modifications and developments required to enable the demonstrator to operate as a single, self-organizing, multi-agent system. This single-robot system is seen as the forerunner of a system in which larger numbers of small robots perform inspection and repair tasks cooperatively, by self-organization. While the goal of demonstrating self-organized damage diagnosis was not fully achieved in the time available, much of the work required for the final element that enables the robot to point the video camera and transmit an image has been completed. A demonstration video of the CD and robotic systems operating will be made and forwarded to NASA.

  12. Vehicle Real-time Location Based on Visual Perception Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    Vehicle recognition system (VRS) plays a very important role in the field of intelligent transportation systems.A novel and intuitive method is proposed for vehicle location.The method we provide for vehicle location is based on human visual perception model technique. The perception color space HSI in this algorithm is adopted.Three color components of a color image and more potential edge patterns are integrated for solving the feature extraction problem.A fast and automatic threshold technique based on human visual perception model is also developed.The vertical edge projection and horizontal edge projection are adopted for locating left-right boundary of vehicle and top-bottom boundary of vehicle, respectively. Very promising experimental results are obtained using real-time vehicle image sequences, which have confirmed that this proposed location vehicle method is efficient and reliable, and its calculation speed meets the needs of the VRS.

  13. 自动跟踪式独立光伏发电计算机监控系统设计%Design of automatic tracking stand-alone photovoltaic generation computer monitoring system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    安伦; 郭献崇; 谢芳

    2013-01-01

    Compared with the fixed solar power installations, the energy receiving rate of tracking solar power installations can be increased by 35%. Therefore, it is significant to research the sun automatic tracking system. The principle of solar tracker was studied, and the ray tracing the statistical elevation and azimuth was adopted to control the sun automatic tracking. Combined with computer technology, the sun position detection, data processing of photoelectric detection and drive control of tracking device were realized.%跟踪式太阳能发电装置的能量接收率比固定式的可提高35%.因此,研制技术经济性能良好的太阳自动跟踪系统具有积极的生产实践意义.在研究太阳能跟踪器原理的基础上,采用光线跟踪和按方位角控制调节太阳自动跟踪方法,并结合计算机技术,实现了对太阳方位检测、光强检测的数据处理及跟踪机构的驱动控制.

  14. Study on Automatic Monitor and Control of Water-saving Irrigation on Urban Greenbelt%城市绿地节水灌溉自动控制研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋秀瑜; 张小侠; 王秀茹; 杨健; 王红雷

    2011-01-01

    That Increasingly scarce water resource has posed a serious threat to urban greenbelt in China's economic and social development. And water-saving irrigation been carried out has become an inevitable choice for the further development of the city, the precision irrigation as an important part of which has been of great importance to all parties. This article analyzed the theoretical basis to achieve automatic control of irrigation previously. Subsequently, the principle and form of urban greenbelt automatic water-saving irrigation systems were been introduced. Eventually, that the typical design for water-saving irrigation of urban greenbelt and the design of different plant configuration mode was completed.%水资源日益紧缺已经对中国经济社会发展构成了严重的威胁,开展城市绿地节水灌溉已成为城市进一步发展的必然选择,精准灌溉作为其中的重要一环得到了各方人士的重视.笔者首先分析自动控制灌溉实现的理论基础,然后介绍城市绿地自动节水灌溉系统的原理及组成,最后完成城市绿地节水灌溉的典型设计和不同植物配置模式的设计.

  15. HUMAN-SIMULATING VEHICLE STEERING CONTROL ALGORITHM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XU Youchun; LI Keqiang; CHANG Ming; CHEN Jun

    2006-01-01

    A new vehicle steering control algorithm is presented. Unlike the traditional methods do,the algorithm uses a sigmoid function to describe the principle of the human driver's steering strategy.Based on this function, a human simulating vehicle steering model, human-simulating steering control(HS) algorithm is designed. In order to improve the adaptability to different environments, a parameter adaptive adjustment algorithm is presented. This algorithm can online modify the value of the key parameters of the HS real time. HS controller is used on a vehicle equipped with computer vision system and computer controlled steering actuator system, the result from the automatic vehicle steering experiment shows that the HS algorithm gives good performance at different speed, even at the maximum speed of 172 km/h.

  16. 基于车联网的3G远程车载尾气监测系统的设计与实现%Design and implementation of 3 G remote vehicle exhaust monitoring system based on IOV

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马英

    2014-01-01

    Aiming at the problem of the long cycle,complex manipulation,and low accuracy of the tradition-al automobile exhaust detection method,3G remote vehicle exhaust detection system based on IOV was pro-posed.In order to obtain a signal value corresponding to the electrode-gas concentration,electrochemical sensors were introduced for a chemical reaction with the exhaust gas;CAN bus was used for the real-time acquisition of the electrical signal of the sensor node to calculate the corresponding gas concentration through the control software;the 3 G remote communication system was designed to detect the vehicle ex-haust concentration within certain area,which could provide effective reference data for prevention and con-trol of air pollution.The result showed that the system improved the inteligent,real-time and accuracy of the traditional monitoring,and solved the development bottleneck of traditional exhaust gas monitoring system.%针对汽车尾气传统检测方法周期长、操控繁杂、精确度低的问题,构建了基于车联网的3G远程车载尾气监测系统。该系统引入电化学传感器与尾气进行化学反应,以获取相应气体浓度的电极信号值;采用CAN总线实时采集传感器节点的电信号值,进而通过中控软件计算相应气体浓度值;设计3G远程通信系统实时监测区域内相关车辆的尾气浓度值,为大气污染的防控提供有效参考数据。实验结果表明,该系统提升了传统监测系统的智能性、实时性和精确性,解决了传统尾气监测系统发展的瓶颈问题。

  17. A Critical Review on Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Remote Sensing Technology in the Field of Environmental Monitoring%基于无人机遥感技术的环境监测研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢涛; 刘锐; 胡秋红; 姚新

    2013-01-01

    As the third-generation of remote sensing technology after aviation remote sensing and space remote sensing,unmanned aerial vehicle remote sensing technology has become an emerging subject in the field of remote sensing because of its advantage of mobility,speediness,economy et al.Presented in this paper was a critical review on research and application of this technology especially in the field of environmental monitoring.Two threads were centered on,e.g.new development of unmanned aerial vehicle remote sensing technology and its application in the environmental monitoring.Technology includes sensor,image mosaicing and real-time data transmission technique.Their application includes in the field of water environment,atmospheric environment and ecological environment.In addition,some proposals were made with regard to direction of their development based on analysis of present situation.%无人机的遥感技术作为继传统航空、航天遥感之后的第3代遥感技术,以其机动、快速、经济等优势,成为国内外学者争相研究的热点课题.研究以围绕技术发展和环境应用2条主线,系统梳理多年来遥感传感器、航空图像拼接和数据传输3项无人机遥感关键技术及其在水环境、大气环境和生态环境等环境监测领域的应用进展,并结合技术应用现状及其需求状况,提出该技术的发展方向,为未来无人机遥感技术的发展提供一定的参考.

  18. MALLS - Mobile Automatic Launch and Landing Station for VTOL UAVs

    OpenAIRE

    Gising, Andreas

    2008-01-01

    The market for vertical takeoff and landing unmanned aerial vehicles, VTOL UAVs, is growing rapidly. To reciprocate the demand of VTOL UAVs in offshore applications, CybAero has developed a novel concept for landing on moving objects called MALLS, Mobile Automatic Launch and Landing Station. MALLS can tilt its helipad and is supposed to align to either the horizontal plane with an operator adjusted offset or to the helicopter skids. Doing so, eliminates the gyroscopic forces otherwise induced...

  19. Automatic Configuration in NTP

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jiang Zongli(蒋宗礼); Xu Binbin

    2003-01-01

    NTP is nowadays the most widely used distributed network time protocol, which aims at synchronizing the clocks of computers in a network and keeping the accuracy and validation of the time information which is transmitted in the network. Without automatic configuration mechanism, the stability and flexibility of the synchronization network built upon NTP protocol are not satisfying. P2P's resource discovery mechanism is used to look for time sources in a synchronization network, and according to the network environment and node's quality, the synchronization network is constructed dynamically.

  20. Vision-Based Leader Vehicle Trajectory Tracking for Multiple Agricultural Vehicles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Linhuan; Ahamed, Tofael; Zhang, Yan; Gao, Pengbo; Takigawa, Tomohiro

    2016-04-22

    The aim of this study was to design a navigation system composed of a human-controlled leader vehicle and a follower vehicle. The follower vehicle automatically tracks the leader vehicle. With such a system, a human driver can control two vehicles efficiently in agricultural operations. The tracking system was developed for the leader and the follower vehicle, and control of the follower was performed using a camera vision system. A stable and accurate monocular vision-based sensing system was designed, consisting of a camera and rectangular markers. Noise in the data acquisition was reduced by using the least-squares method. A feedback control algorithm was used to allow the follower vehicle to track the trajectory of the leader vehicle. A proportional-integral-derivative (PID) controller was introduced to maintain the required distance between the leader and the follower vehicle. Field experiments were conducted to evaluate the sensing and tracking performances of the leader-follower system while the leader vehicle was driven at an average speed of 0.3 m/s. In the case of linear trajectory tracking, the RMS errors were 6.5 cm, 8.9 cm and 16.4 cm for straight, turning and zigzag paths, respectively. Again, for parallel trajectory tracking, the root mean square (RMS) errors were found to be 7.1 cm, 14.6 cm and 14.0 cm for straight, turning and zigzag paths, respectively. The navigation performances indicated that the autonomous follower vehicle was able to follow the leader vehicle, and the tracking accuracy was found to be satisfactory. Therefore, the developed leader-follower system can be implemented for the harvesting of grains, using a combine as the leader and an unloader as the autonomous follower vehicle.