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Sample records for automatic license plate readers

  1. PC-based car license plate reader

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hwang, Chung-Mu; Shu, Shyh-Yeong; Chen, Wen-Yu; Chen, Yie-Wern; Wen, Kuang-Pu

    1992-11-01

    A car license plate reader (CLPR) using fuzzy inference and neural network algorithm has been developed in Industrial Technology Research Institute (ITRI) and installed in highway toll stations to identify stolen cars. It takes an average of 0.7 seconds to recognize a car license plate by using a PC with 80486-50 CPU. The recognition rate of the system is about 97%. The techniques of CLPR include vehicle sensing, image grab control, optic pre- processing, lighting, and optic character recognition (OCR). The CLPR can be used in vehicle flow statistics, the checking of stolen vehicles, automatic charging systems in parking lots or garage management, and so on.

  2. Image simulation for automatic license plate recognition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bala, Raja; Zhao, Yonghui; Burry, Aaron; Kozitsky, Vladimir; Fillion, Claude; Saunders, Craig; Rodríguez-Serrano, José

    2012-01-01

    Automatic license plate recognition (ALPR) is an important capability for traffic surveillance applications, including toll monitoring and detection of different types of traffic violations. ALPR is a multi-stage process comprising plate localization, character segmentation, optical character recognition (OCR), and identification of originating jurisdiction (i.e. state or province). Training of an ALPR system for a new jurisdiction typically involves gathering vast amounts of license plate images and associated ground truth data, followed by iterative tuning and optimization of the ALPR algorithms. The substantial time and effort required to train and optimize the ALPR system can result in excessive operational cost and overhead. In this paper we propose a framework to create an artificial set of license plate images for accelerated training and optimization of ALPR algorithms. The framework comprises two steps: the synthesis of license plate images according to the design and layout for a jurisdiction of interest; and the modeling of imaging transformations and distortions typically encountered in the image capture process. Distortion parameters are estimated by measurements of real plate images. The simulation methodology is successfully demonstrated for training of OCR.

  3. AUTOMATIC LICENSE PLATE LOCALISATION AND IDENTIFICATION VIA SIGNATURE ANALYSIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorita Angeline

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available A new algorithm for license plate localisation and identification is proposed on the basis of Signature analysis. Signature analysis has been used to locate license plate candidate and its properties can be further utilised in supporting and affirming the license plate character recognition. This paper presents Signature Analysis and the improved conventional Connected Component Analysis (CCA to design an automatic license plate localisation and identification. A procedure called Euclidean Distance Transform is added to the conventional CCA in order to tackle the multiple bounding boxes that occurred. The developed algorithm, SAICCA achieved 92% successful rate, with 8% failed localisation rate due to the restrictions such as insufficient light level, clarity and license plate perceptual information. The processing time for a license plate localisation and recognition is a crucial criterion that needs to be concerned. Therefore, this paper has utilised several approaches to decrease the processing time to an optimal value. The results obtained show that the proposed system is capable to be implemented in both ideal and non-ideal environments.

  4. Quality Assessment of Compressed Video for Automatic License Plate Recognition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ukhanova, Ann; Støttrup-Andersen, Jesper; Forchhammer, Søren;

    2014-01-01

    Definition of video quality requirements for video surveillance poses new questions in the area of quality assessment. This paper presents a quality assessment experiment for an automatic license plate recognition scenario. We explore the influence of the compression by H.264/AVC and H.265/HEVC...... recognition in our study has a behavior similar to human recognition, allowing the use of the same mathematical models. We furthermore propose an application of one of the models for video surveillance systems...

  5. A modular neural network classifier for the recognition of occluded characters in automatic license plate reading

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nijhuis, JAG; Broersma, A; Spaanenburg, L; Ruan, D; Dhondt, P; Kerre, EE

    2002-01-01

    Occlusion is the most common reason for lowered recognition yield in free-flow license-plate reading systems. (Non-)occluded characters can readily be learned in separate neural networks but not together. Even a small proportion of occluded characters in the training set will already significantly r

  6. Vehicle License Plate Recognition Syst

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meenakshi,R. B. Dubey

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The vehicle license plate recognition system has greater efficiency for vehicle monitoring in automatic zone access control. This Plate recognition system will avoid special tags, since all vehicles possess a unique registration number plate. A number of techniques have been used for car plate characters recognition. This system uses neural network character recognition and pattern matching of characters as two character recognition techniques. In this approach multilayer feed-forward back-propagation algorithm is used. The performance of the proposed algorithm has been tested on several car plates and provides very satisfactory results.

  7. License plate recognition using DTCNNs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    ter Brugge, M.H; Stevens, J.H; Nijhuis, J.A G; Spaanenburg, L; Tavsanonoglu, V

    1998-01-01

    Automatic license plate recognition requires a series of complex image processing steps. For practical use, the amount of data to he processed must be minimized early on. This paper shows that the computationally most intensive steps can be realized by DTCNNs. Moreover; high-level operations like fi

  8. License plate detection algorithm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Broitman, Michael; Klopovsky, Yuri; Silinskis, Normunds

    2013-12-01

    A novel algorithm for vehicle license plates localization is proposed. The algorithm is based on pixel intensity transition gradient analysis. Near to 2500 natural-scene gray-level vehicle images of different backgrounds and ambient illumination was tested. The best set of algorithm's parameters produces detection rate up to 0.94. Taking into account abnormal camera location during our tests and therefore geometrical distortion and troubles from trees this result could be considered as passable. Correlation between source data, such as license Plate dimensions and texture, cameras location and others, and parameters of algorithm were also defined.

  9. License Plate Recognition for Parking Control System by Mathematical Morphology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Javier Ortiz; Alberto Gómez

    2014-01-01

    Nowadays, license plate recognition for parking systems is a critical task to provide automatic control of customers and payment. This paper introduces a new method for automatic recognition of license plates of vehicles by mathematical morphology. The proposed method can provide the license plate number of the plates in different light conditions, colors, sizes, and inclination (angles). The algorithm can recognize the license plates of European Union vehicles quickly and correctly. The pattern learning of mathematical skeletons has high efficiency in the process. The performance of the algorithm is demonstrated well by the test in a parking control system.

  10. Benchmark for license plate character segmentation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonçalves, Gabriel Resende; da Silva, Sirlene Pio Gomes; Menotti, David; Shwartz, William Robson

    2016-09-01

    Automatic license plate recognition (ALPR) has been the focus of many researches in the past years. In general, ALPR is divided into the following problems: detection of on-track vehicles, license plate detection, segmentation of license plate characters, and optical character recognition (OCR). Even though commercial solutions are available for controlled acquisition conditions, e.g., the entrance of a parking lot, ALPR is still an open problem when dealing with data acquired from uncontrolled environments, such as roads and highways when relying only on imaging sensors. Due to the multiple orientations and scales of the license plates captured by the camera, a very challenging task of the ALPR is the license plate character segmentation (LPCS) step, because its effectiveness is required to be (near) optimal to achieve a high recognition rate by the OCR. To tackle the LPCS problem, this work proposes a benchmark composed of a dataset designed to focus specifically on the character segmentation step of the ALPR within an evaluation protocol. Furthermore, we propose the Jaccard-centroid coefficient, an evaluation measure more suitable than the Jaccard coefficient regarding the location of the bounding box within the ground-truth annotation. The dataset is composed of 2000 Brazilian license plates consisting of 14000 alphanumeric symbols and their corresponding bounding box annotations. We also present a straightforward approach to perform LPCS efficiently. Finally, we provide an experimental evaluation for the dataset based on five LPCS approaches and demonstrate the importance of character segmentation for achieving an accurate OCR.

  11. Vehicle License Plate Character Segmentation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Mei-Sen Pan; Jun-Biao Yan; Zheng-Hong Xiao

    2008-01-01

    Vehicle license plate (VLP) character segmentation is an important part of the vehicle license plate recognition system (VLPRS). This paper proposes a least square method (LSM) to treat horizontal tilt and vertical tilt in VLP images. Auxiliary lines are added into the image (or the tilt-corrected image) to make the separated parts of each Chinese character to be an interconnected region. The noise regions will be eliminated after two fusing images are merged according to the minimum principle of gray values.Then, the characters are segmented by projection method (PM) and the final character images are obtained. The experimental results show that this method features fast processing and good performance in segmentation.

  12. A Vehicle License Plate Detection and Recognition System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khalid W. Maglad

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Automatic vehicle license plate detection and recognition is a key technique in most of traffic related applications and is an active research topic in the image processing domain. Different methods, techniques and algorithms have been developed for license plate detection and recognitions. Approach: Due to the varying characteristics of the license plate from country to country like numbering system, colors, language of characters, style (font and sizes of license plate, further research is still needed in this area. Results: In most of the Middle East countries, they use the combination of Arabic and English letters, along with their countries logo. Thus, it makes the localization of plate number, the differentiation between Arabic and English letters and logo’s object and finally the recognition of those characters become a more challenging research task. The use of artificial neural network has proved itself beneficial for plate recognition, but it has not been applied for the plate detection. Radial Basis Function (RBF neural network is used both for the detection and recognition of Saudi Arabian license plates. Conclusion/Recommendations: The proposed approach has been tested on 200 front images of national license plate of Saudi Arabia. A higher percentage of accuracy has been obtained to show that the significant of this approach. The study could be further investigated in other Middle East countries.

  13. An Offline Technique for Localization of License Plates for Indian Commercial Vehicles

    CERN Document Server

    Saha, Satadal; Nasipuri, Mita; Basu, Dipak Kumar

    2010-01-01

    Automatic License Plate Recognition (ALPR) is a challenging area of research due to its importance to variety of commercial applications. The overall problem may be subdivided into two key modules, firstly, localization of license plates from vehicle images, and secondly, optical character recognition of extracted license plates. In the current work, we have concentrated on the first part of the problem, i.e., localization of license plate regions from Indian commercial vehicles as a significant step towards development of a complete ALPR system for Indian vehicles. The technique is based on color based segmentation of vehicle images and identification of potential license plate regions. True license plates are finally localized based on four spatial and horizontal contrast features. The technique successfully localizes the actual license plates in 73.4% images.

  14. Chinese license plate character segmentation using multiscale template matching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tian, Jiangmin; Wang, Guoyou; Liu, Jianguo; Xia, Yuanchun

    2016-09-01

    Character segmentation (CS) plays an important role in automatic license plate recognition and has been studied for decades. A method using multiscale template matching is proposed to settle the problem of CS for Chinese license plates. It is carried out on a binary image integrated from maximally stable extremal region detection and Otsu thresholding. Afterward, a uniform harrow-shaped template with variable length is designed, by virtue of which a three-dimensional matching space is constructed for searching of candidate segmentations. These segmentations are detected at matches with local minimum responses. Finally, the vertical boundaries of each single character are located for subsequent recognition. Experiments on a data set including 2349 license plate images of different quality levels show that the proposed method can achieve a higher accuracy at comparable time cost and is robust to images in poor conditions.

  15. Automatic Vehicle License Recognition Based on Video Vehicular Detection System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG Zhaoxuan; CHEN Yang; HE Yinghua; WU Jun

    2006-01-01

    Traditional methods of license character extraction cannot meet the requirements of recognition accuracy and speed rendered by the video vehicular detection system.Therefore, a license plate localization method based on multi-scale edge detection and a character segmentation algorithm based on Markov random field model is presented.Results of experiments demonstrate that the method yields more accurate license character extraction in contrast to traditional localization method based on edge detection by difference operator and character segmentation based on threshold.The accuracy increases from 90% to 94% under preferable illumination, while under poor condition, it increases more than 5%.When the two improved algorithms are used, the accuracy and speed of automatic license recognition meet the system's requirement even under the noisy circumstance or uneven illumination.

  16. Study on Intelligent Parking Management System for Stereo Garage Based on License Plate Automatic Recognition Technology%基于车牌自动识别立体车库智能停车管理系统研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡清明; 李西兵; 郭建华; 王世刚; 林颖

    2011-01-01

    An intelligent parking management system based on license plate automatic recognition technology was proposed to resolve the defects of current stereo garage parking management system. The master-slave structure was adopted in the system, namely the host management & control computer and the subordinate license plate automatic recognition system and car saving system. The hardware and software of the system were designed. The test between the host management software and the subordinate MCU was done. It is proved the system is reliable.%针对立体车库现有停车管理系统所存在的缺陷,提出一种基于车牌自动识别技术的智能停车管理系统.系统采用主从式结构,分别为用作管理控制的上位机和车牌识别系统与车辆存取系统的下位机,并完成了系统的软硬件设计.通过对上位机管理软件与下位机单片机显示控制之间的调试,证明了系统的实用性和可靠性.

  17. Combining Facial Recognition, Automatic License Plate Readers and Closed Circuit Television to Create an Interstate Identification System for Wanted Subjects

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-12-01

    CCTV.52 The most common uses for CCTV by police are in car videos, interrogations rooms and ingress and egress into governmental buildings. Law...Law enforcement officials have been turning to social media sites such as Google +, Facebook and Twitter to collect and compare photographs of...tracking device to track a car through public streets.”118 The Court ruled that the use of this enhanced technology, deployed in the manner it was used in

  18. A REVIEW PAPER ON RECOGNIZE AUTOMATIC NUMBER PLATE AND BLURRED NUMBER PLATES

    OpenAIRE

    Aarti Soni*, Dr.Raman Chadha, Sukhmeet Kaur

    2016-01-01

    This review paper provides a brief survey on various recognition techniques for automatic number plate recognition (ANPR) in image processing. ANPR is real –time embedded system which uses number plate to identify the vehicle. This expertise is in advance popularity in security and traffic installations. License plate recognition system is an application of computer vision. Computer vision is a method of using a computer to take out high level information from a digital image. The usele...

  19. LICENSE PLATE LOCALIZATION USING GABOR FILTERS AND NEURAL NETWORKS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sami Ktata

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Vehicle License Plate Detection (LPD is an important step for the vehicle plate recognition which can be used in the intelligent transport systems. Many methods have been proposed for the detection of license plates based on: Mathematical morphology, Discrete Wavelet Transform, Hough Transform and others. In general, an LPR system includes four main parts: Vehicle image acquisition, license plate detection, character segmentation and character recognition. In this study, we present a robust method for extracting and detecting license plates, from simple images of Tunisian vehicles, based on Gabor filters and neural networks. The proposed method is designed to perform recognition of any kind of license plates under any environmental conditions.

  20. Saudi License Plate Recognition Algorithm Based on Support Vector Machine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Khaled Suwais; Rana Al-Otaibi; Ali Alshahrani

    2013-01-01

    License plate recognition (LPR) is an image processing technology that is used to identify vehicles by their license plates. This paper presents a license plate recognition algorithm for Saudi car plates based on the support vector machine (SVM) algorithm. The new algorithm is efficient in recognizing the vehicles from the Arabic part of the plate. The performance of the system has been investigated and analyzed. The recognition accuracy of the algorithm is about 93.3%.

  1. 19 CFR 360.103 - Automatic issuance of import licenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... licenses will be issued to registered importers, customs brokers or their agents through an automatic steel... accuracy of the submitted data. (3) Upon completion of the form, the importer, customs broker or the... 19 Customs Duties 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Automatic issuance of import licenses....

  2. Determining adaptive thresholds for image segmentation for a license plate recognition system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siti Norul Huda Sheikh Abdullah

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available A vehicle license plate recognition (LPR system is useful to many applications, such as entrance admission, security, parking control, airport and cargo, traffic and speed control. This paper describe an adaptive threshold for image segmentation applied to a system for Malaysian intelligent license plate recognition (MyiLPR. Due to the different types of license plates used, the requirements of an automatic LPR system are rather different for each country. Upon receiving the input car image, this system (MyiLPR detects and segments the license plate based on proposed adaptive threshold via image and blob histogram, and blob agglomeration, and finally, it extracts geometric character features and classifies them using neural network. The use of the proposed adaptive threshold increased the detection, segmentation and recognition rate to 99%, 94.98% and 90% correspondingly, from 95%, 78.27% and 71.08% obtained with the fixed threshold used in the originally proposed system.

  3. A Novel Morphological Method for Detection and Recognition of Vehicle License Plates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. H.M. Kasaei

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: License plate detection and recognition is an image-processing technique used to identify a vehicle by its license plate. This notable technology has got multiple applications in various traffic and security cases. To name but a few, toll roads, border control, security and car tracking are same of its applications. The main stage is the isolation of the license plate, from the digital image of the car obtained by a digital camera under different circumstances such as illumination, slop, distance and angle. Approach: This study presented a novel method of identifying and recognizing license plates based on the morphology and template matching. The algorithm started with reprocessing and signal conditioning. Next license plate is localized using morphological operators. Then a template matching scheme will be used to recognize the digits and characters within the plate. Results: The system was tested on Iranian car plate images and the performance was 97.3% of correct plates identification and localization and 92% of correct recognized characters. The results regarding the complexity of the problem and diversity of the test cases showed the high accuracy and robustness of the proposed method. The method could also be applicable for other applications in the transport information systems, where automatic recognition of registration plates, shields, signs and so on is often necessary. Conclusion: This system was customized for the identification of Iranian license plates. The results showed that this algorithm performs well on different types of vehicles including Iranian car and motorcycle plates as well as diverse circumstances. We believe that this system can be redesigned and tested for multi national car license plates in the future time regarding their own attributes.

  4. A Robust and Efficient Approach to License Plate Detection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuan, Yule; Zou, Wenbin; Zhao, Yong; Wang, Xinan; Hu, Xuefeng; Komodakis, Nikos

    2017-03-01

    This paper presents a robust and efficient method for license plate detection with the purpose of accurately localizing vehicle license plates from complex scenes in real time. A simple yet effective image downscaling method is first proposed to substantially accelerate license plate localization without sacrificing detection performance compared with that achieved using the original image. Furthermore, a novel line density filter approach is proposed to extract candidate regions, thereby significantly reducing the area to be analyzed for license plate localization. Moreover, a cascaded license plate classifier based on linear support vector machines using color saliency features is introduced to identify the true license plate from among the candidate regions. For performance evaluation, a data set consisting of 3977 images captured from diverse scenes under different conditions is also presented. Extensive experiments on the widely used Caltech license plate data set and our newly introduced data set demonstrate that the proposed approach substantially outperforms state-of-the-art methods in terms of both detection accuracy and run-time efficiency, increasing the detection ratio from 91.09% to 96.62% while decreasing the run time from 672 to 42 ms for processing an image with a resolution of 1082×728 . The executable code and our collected data set are publicly available.

  5. Farsi License Plate Detection and Recognition Based on Characters Features

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sedigheh Ghofrani

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available In this paper a license plate detection and recognition system for Iranian private cars is implemented. The proposed license plate localization algorithm is based on region elements analysis which works properly independent of distance (how far a vehicle is, rotation (angle between camera and vehicle, and contrast (being dirty, reflected, or deformed. In addition, more than one car may exist in the image. The proposed method extracts edges and then determines the candidate regions by applying window movement. The region elements analysis includes binarization, character analysis, character continuity analysis and character parallelism analysis. After detecting license plates, we estimate the rotation angle and try to compensate it. In order to identify a detected plate, every character should be recognized. For this purpose, we present 25 features and use them as the input to an artificial neural network classifier. The experimental results show that our proposed method achieves appropriate performance for both detection and recognition of the Iranian license plates.

  6. Automated License Plate Recognition for Toll Booth Application

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ketan S. Shevale

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the Smart Vehicle Screening System, which can be installed into a tollbooth for automated recognition of vehicle license plate information using a photograph of a vehicle. An automated system could then be implemented to control the payment of fees, parking areas, highways, bridges or tunnels, etc. There are considered an approach to identify vehicle through recognizing of it license plate using image fusion, neural networks and threshold techniques as well as some experimental results to recognize the license plate successfully.

  7. A License Plate Locating Method Based on Tophat-bothat Changing and Line Scanning

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hou, P G; Zhao, J; Liu, M [Electrical Engineering Institute of Yanshan University, QinHuangdao, Hebei (China)

    2006-10-15

    The automatic license plate recognition is an important technique to obtain traffic information, it mixes computer vision, image processing techniques and pattern recognition techniques, it is an important technique in intelligent traffic system. In a vehicle license plate recognition system, plate region detection is the key step before the final recognition. This article introduces the whole process of plate region detection. Top - hat and bot - hat transformation are used for enhancing the image contrast in this paper, and wavelet threshold method is used as image filter, and a improved line scanning is used for plate region detection at last. This method has strong practicability. The experimental results demonstrate that the method introduced in this paper is effective.

  8. A Malaysian Vehicle License Plate Localization and Recognition System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ganapathy Velappa

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available Technological intelligence is a highly sought after commodity even in traffic-based systems. These intelligent systems do not only help in traffic monitoring but also in commuter safety, law enforcement and commercial applications. In this paper, a license plate localization and recognition system for vehicles in Malaysia is proposed. This system is developed based on digital images and can be easily applied to commercial car park systems for the use of documenting access of parking services, secure usage of parking houses and also to prevent car theft issues. The proposed license plate localization algorithm is based on a combination of morphological processes with a modified Hough Transform approach and the recognition of the license plates is achieved by the implementation of the feed-forward backpropagation artificial neural network. Experimental results show an average of 95% successful license plate localization and recognition in a total of 589 images captured from a complex outdoor environment.

  9. License Plate Recognition Based on Transform Coding and Neural Network

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李小平; 胡海生; 宋瀚涛; 朱建学; 丁俨

    2003-01-01

    A method of vehicle license plate recognition utilizing Karhunen-Loeve(K-L) transform is provided. The transform is used to extract features from a mass of image templates, to describe high-dimensional images with low-dimensional ones, and moreover, to implement data compression and play down complexity of the neural network. With the character to reduce eigenspace dimensionality of K-L transform and the ability to map data of BP network, the method does effectively in recognizing license plates.

  10. ALPRS - A New Approach for License Plate Recognition Using the SIFT Algorithm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F.A. Silva

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a new approach for the automatic license plate recognition, which includes the SIFTalgorithm in step to locate the plate in the inputimage. In this new approach, besides the comparisonof thefeatures obtained with the SIFT algorithm, the correspondence between the spatial orientations and thepositioning associated with the keypoints is also observed. Afterwards, an algorithm is used for thecharacter recognition of the plates, very fast, which makes it possible its application in real time.Theresults obtained with the proposed approach presented very good success rates, so much for locating thecharacters in the input image, as for their recognition.

  11. Robust and fast license plate detection based on the fusion of color and edge feature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cai, De; Shi, Zhonghan; Liu, Jin; Hu, Chuanping; Mei, Lin; Qi, Li

    2014-11-01

    Extracting a license plate is an important stage in automatic vehicle identification. The degradation of images and the computation intense make this task difficult. In this paper, a robust and fast license plate detection based on the fusion of color and edge feature is proposed. Based on the dichromatic reflection model, two new color ratios computed from the RGB color model are introduced and proved to be two color invariants. The global color feature extracted by the new color invariants improves the method's robustness. The local Sobel edge feature guarantees the method's accuracy. In the experiment, the detection performance is good. The detection results show that this paper's method is robust to the illumination, object geometry and the disturbance around the license plates. The method can also detect license plates when the color of the car body is the same as the color of the plates. The processing time for image size of 1000x1000 by pixels is nearly 0.2s. Based on the comparison, the performance of the new ratios is comparable to the common used HSI color model.

  12. China Cancels 23 Textile Machinery Commodities under Automatic Import Licensing Administration

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zheng Yan

    2007-01-01

    @@ In accordance with Measures for Administration on Commodities of Automatic Import Licensing, Ministry of Commerce adjusted List of Commodities under Automatic Import Licensing Administration of 2007, on March 10, canceling automatic import licensing administration of 338 tax items including 23 textile machinery commodities.

  13. A New Method for Correcting Vehicle License Plate Tilt

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Mei-Sen Pan; Qi Xiong; Jun-Biao Yan

    2009-01-01

    In the course of vehicle license plate (VLP) automatic recognition, tilt correction is a very crucial process. According to Karhunen-Loeve (K-L) transformation, the coordinates of characters in the image are arranged into a two-dimensional covariance matrix, on the basis of which the centered process is carried out. Then, the eigenvector and the rotation angle α are computed in turn. The whole image is rotated by -α. Thus, image horizontal tilt correction is performed. In the vertical tilt correction process, three correction methods, which are K-L transformation method, the line fitting method based on K-means clustering (LFMBKC), and the line fitting based on least squares (LFMBLS), are put forward to compute the vertical tilt angle θ. After shear transformation (ST) is imposed on the rotated image, the final correction image is obtained. The experimental results verify that this proposed method can be easily implemented, and can quickly and accurately get the tilt angle. It provides a new effective way for the VLP image tilt correction as well.

  14. Type Testing of Model 7200 Automatic TLD Reader.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malek Mohammadi, M; Hosseini Pooya, S M

    2016-04-15

    The type testing of measuring devices is one of the most important parts of a quality management system in a personal dosimetry services program. In this study, based upon the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) 62387 criteria, a reader-testing program was performed for a home-made personal thermoluminescent dosimetry (TLD) reader. The stability of the reader, the effects of light exposure, temperature and fluctuations of primary power supply on TLD read-outs as the main parameters were investigated in this program. Moreover, this study assesses some important criteria of dosimetry system including the non-linearity of response, reusability, after effect and overload that may include significant contribution in the performance of a reader. The results showed that the TLD reader met all requirements of the IEC for the reader tests by a large margin.

  15. Automatic brush-plating technology for component remanufacturing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WU Bin; XU Bin-shi; JING Xue-dong; LIU Cun-long; ZHANG Bin

    2005-01-01

    An automatic brush-plating system was developed for component remanufacturing. With this system, Ni/nano-alumina composite coatings from an electrolyte containing 20 g/L nano-alumina particles were prepared.Microstructure, surface morphology, microhardness and wear resistance of automatically plated coatings and manu ally plated coatings were investigated comparatively. The results show that the automatically plated coatings are relatively dense and uniform and have lower friction coefficient of 0. 089 under lubricant condition, when compared with manually plated coatings with friction coefficient of 0. 14.

  16. License plate recognition algorithm for passenger cars in Chinese residential areas.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jin, L.; Xian, H.; Bie, J.; Sun, Y.; Hou, H.; Niu, Q.

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents a solution for the license plate recognition problem in residential community administrations in China. License plate images are pre-processed through gradation, middle value filters and edge detection. In the license plate localization module the number of edge points, the lengt

  17. Research and Implementation for License Plate Recognition Based on Improved Projection Algorithm

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Xiu-juan; Yimamu’aishan.Abudoulikemu

    2013-01-01

    This paper analyzes and dissertates the discrete wavelet transform and improved projection algorithm in four kernel stages (image preprocessing, license plate localization, character segmentation, license plate recognition, i.e.) of license plate recognition system in detail. At last, it gives some conclusions and suggestions on future research.

  18. License plate recognition algorithm for passenger cars in Chinese residential areas

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jin, L.; Xian, H.; Bie, J.; Sun, Y.; Hou, H.; Niu, Q.

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents a solution for the license plate recognition problem in residential community administrations in China. License plate images are pre-processed through gradation, middle value filters and edge detection. In the license plate localization module the number of edge points, the lengt

  19. Multiclassifier fusion of an ultrasonic lip reader in automatic speech recognition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jennnings, David L.

    1994-12-01

    This thesis investigates the use of two active ultrasonic devices in collecting lip information for performing and enhancing automatic speech recognition. The two devices explored are called the 'Ultrasonic Mike' and the 'Lip Lock Loop.' The devices are tested in a speaker dependent isolated word recognition task with a vocabulary consisting of the spoken digits from zero to nine. Two automatic lip readers are designed and tested based on the output of the ultrasonic devices. The automatic lip readers use template matching and dynamic time warping to determine the best candidate for a given test utterance. The automatic lip readers alone achieve accuracies of 65-89%, depending on the number of reference templates used. Next the automatic lip reader is combined with a conventional automatic speech recognizer. Both classifier level fusion and feature level fusion are investigated. Feature fusion is based on combining the feature vectors prior to dynamic time warping. Classifier fusion is based on a pseudo probability mass function derived from the dynamic time warping distances. The combined systems are tested with various levels of acoustic noise added. In one typical test, at a signal to noise ratio of 0dB, the acoustic recognizer's accuracy alone was 78%, the automatic lip reader's accuracy was 69%, but the combined accuracy was 93%. This experiment demonstrates that a simple ultrasonic lip motion detector, that has an output data rate 12,500 times less than a typical video camera, can significantly improve the accuracy of automatic speech recognition in noise.

  20. Entrance C - New Automatic Number Plate Recognition System

    CERN Multimedia

    2013-01-01

    Entrance C (Satigny) is now equipped with a latest-generation Automatic Number Plate Recognition (ANPR) system and a fast-action road gate.   During the month of August, Entrance C will be continuously open from 7.00 a.m. to 7.00 p.m. (working days only). The security guards will open the gate as usual from 7.00 a.m. to 9.00 a.m. and from 5.00 p.m. to 7.00 p.m. For the rest of the working day (9.00 a.m. to 5.00 p.m.) the gate will operate automatically. Please observe the following points:       Stop at the STOP sign on the ground     Position yourself next to the card reader for optimal recognition     Motorcyclists must use their CERN card     Cyclists may not activate the gate and should use the bicycle turnstile     Keep a safe distance from the vehicle in front of you   If access is denied, please check that your vehicle regist...

  1. 7 CFR 868.83 - Automatic suspension of license by change in employment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Inspectors, Technicians, and Samplers § 868.83 Automatic suspension of license by change in employment. A... request of the licensee, the license will be reinstated subject to the provisions of § 868.81(a) and (b)....

  2. Improved Approach Based on SVM for License Plate Character Recognition

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Xiao-hua; WANG Xiao-guang

    2005-01-01

    An improved approach based on support vector machine (SVM) called the center distance ratio method is presented for license plate character recognition. First the support vectors are pre-extracted. A minimal set called the margin vector set, which contains all support vectors, is extracted. These margin vectors compose new training data and construct the classifier by using the general SVM optimized. The experimental results show that the improved SVM method does well at correct rate and training speed.

  3. An Automatic Number Plate Recognition System under Image Processing

    OpenAIRE

    Sarbjit Kaur

    2016-01-01

    Automatic Number Plate Recognition system is an application of computer vision and image processing technology that takes photograph of vehicles as input image and by extracting their number plate from whole vehicle image , it display the number plate information into text. Mainly the ANPR system consists of 4 phases: - Acquisition of Vehicle Image and Pre-Processing, Extraction of Number Plate Area, Character Segmentation and Character Recognition. The overall accuracy and efficiency of whol...

  4. The Location Algorithm of the Inclined License Plates Based on Mathematical Morphology and Orientation Field

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIANGDong; GAOJun; CAOWei; FUQizhong; ZHAOJing

    2003-01-01

    The license plate recognition (LPR), as an important measure of traffic controlling and information management, is being paid more and more attention. The location and detection of the inclined license plate is an important problem in the License Plate Recognition Sys-tem. But now most of the proposed location algorithms are based on the condition of the horizontal license. These methods don't work well on inclined license plate. At the same time, the method based on Hough Transform is pro-posed to detect the inclined angle of the license plate, but it has many limitations. In order to solve this problem,we propose a new method to locate the inclined plate region using Mathematical Morphology and Orientation Field. The algorithm consists of preprocessing, inclined an-gel detecting and license plate location modules. Firstly,we adopt the gray extension method to improve the ob-serving quality of the images and study the intrinsic char-acteristic of texture and shape of vehicle license, such as the size, space and height of characters, then we construct the morphologic operator to make a series of morphologicoperations and locate the plate region roughly in the pre-processed image; secondly we make the horizontal and ver-tical projection, get the coordinate of the down left corner and top right corner in the license plate, and detect the inclined angle of the license plate with Orientation Field;lastly, the results of projecting and Orientation Field cal-culating are used to locate the license plate precisely. We practise our method on images under different illumination condition, and the experimental results show that the accu-racy of inclined angel detection and license plate extraction based on Mathematical Morphology and Orientation Field is significant.

  5. Wavelet packet based feature extraction and recognition of license plate characters

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUANG Wei; LU Xiaobo; LING Xiaojing

    2005-01-01

    To study the characteristics of license plate characters recognition, this paper proposes a method for feature extraction of license plate characters based on two-dimensional wavelet packet. We decompose license plate character images with two dimensional-wavelet packet and search for the optimal wavelet packet basis. This paper presents a criterion of searching for the optimal wavelet packet basis, and a practical algorithm. The obtained optimal wavelet packet basis is used as the feature of license plate character, and a BP neural network is used to classify the character.The testing results show that the proposed method achieved higher recognition rate than the traditional methods.

  6. License plate confiscation for persistent alcohol impaired drivers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ross, H L; Simon, S; Cleary, J

    1996-01-01

    Minnesota cancels the registrations and confiscates the license plates of vehicles driven by repeat drinking drivers in a procedure which prior research has demonstrated to be effective in reducing subsequent recidivism. The research reported here concerns the problems experienced in the functioning of this law. Samples of officials and repeat driving under the influence (DUI) offenders were interviewed in Minnesota and in the neighboring state of Iowa, chosen for comparison because its laws also provide for plate confiscation, but using a judicial rather than an administrative procedure. In addition, representative samples of the driving and vehicle registration records of convicted drunk drivers and of routine traffic offenders were analyzed. The research found that evasion of plate impoundment orders by drivers, though apparently easy to accomplish, appeared to be rare. However, the orders were themselves not issued in a large proportion of cases where they were prescribed by statute, potentially weakening the effectiveness of the law. The reasons, with possible countermeasures, are explored in this report.

  7. The Location and Recognition of Chinese Vehicle License Plates under Complex Backgrounds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guangmin Sun

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the algorithms to locate license plate and recognize the characters on it. These algorithms have three advantages. First, they have strong robustness to against many noises and disturbances. Second, the methods can deal with license plates with different colors. Third, the recognition methods based on artificial neural network are suitable for Chinese characters.

  8. Design of Intelligent Parking Management System Based on License Plate Recognition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qing Tian

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available License Plate Recognition (LPR which has been extensively studied recently is becoming one important part of Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS. It is not only applied to public security monitoring, but also applied to a red light shot, speeding violation paparazzi, parking system and so on. The present paper introduces an intelligent parking management system based on LPR, recognizing license plate automatically at the parking lot access and realizing vehicle information integrated management conveniently. The software part is developed with VC++, QT and Microsoft Office Access Database. In the system, LPR is carried out through video streaming frame by frame to choose the best result with a high speed. After accurate LPR, the vehicle information, such as LP number, LP color, car type and access time, will be stored in system database. In addition, the system interface is designed very friendly and simple for administrators to operate, which can largely improve the whole performance of LPR system. Experimental results show that this parking management system can achieve high correct rate at 95%, and can be applied to real-time implementation

  9. Auditory signal design for automatic number plate recognition system

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Heydra, C.G.; Jansen, R.J.; Van Egmond, R.

    2014-01-01

    This paper focuses on the design of an auditory signal for the Automatic Number Plate Recognition system of Dutch national police. The auditory signal is designed to alert police officers of suspicious cars in their proximity, communicating priority level and location of the suspicious car and takin

  10. Multi-scaled license plate detection based on the label-moveable maximal MSER clique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gu, Qin; Yang, Jianyu; Kong, Lingjiang; Cui, Guolong

    2015-08-01

    In this paper, we consider a robust vehicle license plate detection problem for intelligent transportation systems in the presence of various illumination situations. We propose a robust and fast multi-scaled license plate detection and location algorithm, which exploits a Label-Moveable Maximal MSER clique. Specifically, first, we extract the candidate character regions using the Maximally Stable Extremal Region (MSER) features. Second, we divide each candidate character region into four types and extract the suspected initial node (the top-left character) based on its neighbor MSER distribution characteristic. Third, we label each candidate character region to accomplish license detection and location based on the detected suspected initial node and the corresponding label-moveable maximal MSER clique. The robust of license plate detection, the accuracy of character labeling for license location, and the improvement of calculation efficiency are evaluated via the real data.

  11. License Plate Recognition Algorithm for Passenger Cars in Chinese Residential Areas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qingning Niu

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a solution for the license plate recognition problem in residential community administrations in China. License plate images are pre-processed through gradation, middle value filters and edge detection. In the license plate localization module the number of edge points, the length of license plate area and the number of each line of edge points are used for localization. In the recognition module, the paper applies a statistical character method combined with a structure character method to obtain the characters. In addition, more models and template library for the characters which have less difference between each other are built. A character classifier is designed and a fuzzy recognition method is proposed based on the fuzzy decision-making method. Experiments show that the recognition accuracy rate is up to 92%.

  12. Nondestructive imaging of hidden figures on license plates by X-ray radiograph.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeon, Oc-Yeub; Kim, Sang-Hyeon; Lee, Joong; Park, Jong-Taek; Kim, Tae-Hoon; Park, Hak-Soo; Huh, Il-Kwon; Kang, Hyung-Tae

    2009-07-01

    In this case, we investigated the modified license plates. The evidences had new embossing pressed serial numbers after erasing the original numbers on the license plates by hammering. The X-ray radiograph could visualize the hidden figures; those were virtually unseen by naked eyes or undetectable by ordinary photography. To reveal the erased figures, we performed image processing with computer software after X-ray radiographs. It proved to be an efficient nondestructive way to visualize the hidden original figures on metals.

  13. A Hybrid Technique for Real Time License Plate Localization with the aid of FFBPNNAPSO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reji PI

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Vehicle License Plate Recognition (VLPR is an imperative constituent in Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS, which encircles three foremost phases essentially License Plate Localization (LPL, Character Segmentation (CS, Character Recognition (CR. In this paper, we have intended to introduce a novel License Plate Localization algorithm subjected to Artificial Neural Networks (ANN. This proposed scheme involves distinct phases of pre-processing, image de-noising and enhancement, feature extraction, Neural Network training and License Plate detection. Followed by the mining of assorted statistical features, geometrical features, edge features and texture features from the vehicular image, they are given as the input to Feed Forward Back Propagation Neural Network (FFBPNN in order to localize the License Plate. During the training process, the parameters of the FFBPNN will be optimized using the eminent Adaptive Particle Swarm Optimization (APSO algorithm in order to improve the Neural Network convergence performance. The License Plate Localization of our proposed technique is analyzed with simple Feed Forward Back propagation Neural Network (FFBPNN in terms of accuracy, sensitivity and specificity. The experimental outcomes demonstrate that the proposed procedure proficiently accomplishes an extremely high localization rate with elevated specificity (91.3%.

  14. An Automatic Number Plate Recognition System under Image Processing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarbjit Kaur

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Automatic Number Plate Recognition system is an application of computer vision and image processing technology that takes photograph of vehicles as input image and by extracting their number plate from whole vehicle image , it display the number plate information into text. Mainly the ANPR system consists of 4 phases: - Acquisition of Vehicle Image and Pre-Processing, Extraction of Number Plate Area, Character Segmentation and Character Recognition. The overall accuracy and efficiency of whole ANPR system depends on number plate extraction phase as character segmentation and character recognition phases are also depend on the output of this phase. Further the accuracy of Number Plate Extraction phase depends on the quality of captured vehicle image. Higher be the quality of captured input vehicle image more will be the chances of proper extraction of vehicle number plate area. The existing methods of ANPR works well for dark and bright/light categories image but it does not work well for Low Contrast, Blurred and Noisy images and the detection of exact number plate area by using the existing ANPR approach is not successful even after applying existing filtering and enhancement technique for these types of images. Due to wrong extraction of number plate area, the character segmentation and character recognition are also not successful in this case by using the existing method. To overcome these drawbacks I proposed an efficient approach for ANPR in which the input vehicle image is pre-processed firstly by iterative bilateral filtering , adaptive histogram equalization and number plate is extracted from pre-processed vehicle image using morphological operations, image subtraction, image binarization/thresholding, sobel vertical edge detection and by boundary box analysis. Sometimes the extracted plate area also contains noise, bolts, frames etc. So the extracted plate area is enhanced by using morphological operations to improve the quality of

  15. A new PC based semi-automatic TLD badge reader system for personnel monitoring

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kulkarni, M.S.; Pradeep, Ratna; Kannan, S. [Radiation Protection and Instrumentation Section, Radiation Safety Systems Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai (India)

    2000-05-01

    A semi-automatic TDL (thermo-luminescence dosimeter) badge reader system has been developed for large-scale personnel monitoring of the radiation workers. The BARC (Bhabha Atomic Research Centre) TLD badge consists of three dosimeters of CaSO{sub 4}: Dy embedded in Teflon, each of 0.8mm/0.4mm thickness and 13mm diameter. 50 such TLD badges loaded in a magazine are automatically processed one by one using a motor driven mechanical assembly. Except for the entry of identification numbers in the same sequence in which the badges are loaded in the magazine, the entire process is automatic. All the front-end functions in the reader assembly are controlled by an Atmel 89C51 microcontroller on command from a Personal Computer through an RS-232 serial interface. A hot gas (N{sub 2}) heating system with electronic temperature control is used for rapid and uniform heating of the dosimeters. The glow curve and temperature profile of TL dosimeter is displayed on-line on a PC monitor and stored in the memory along with the badge data at the end of each reading cycle. The other features of the reader system are reproducible time temperature profile of hot gas, software based dark current sampling and subtraction, auto ranging, built-in safeguards in both hardware and software against mechanical and electronic failures, etc. To enable a wide range of measurement with high sensitivity to lower levels of TL, the EHT is automatically switched to a lower value when high TL output is encountered. The software is developed in to two parts. The first one consists of a ROM based assembly language software for the 89C51 microcontroller, which monitors various, circuits in the reader assembly and controls the motorized movements. The second part is a password protected user friendly, menu driven software package written in 'C' language for the reader control, on-line glow curve display and storage, dose data management record keeping and printout of dose reports, etc. Elaborate

  16. Development of Portable Automatic Number Plate Recognition System on Android Mobile Phone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mutholib, Abdul; Gunawan, Teddy S.; Chebil, Jalel; Kartiwi, Mira

    2013-12-01

    The Automatic Number Plate Recognition (ANPR) System has performed as the main role in various access control and security, such as: tracking of stolen vehicles, traffic violations (speed trap) and parking management system. In this paper, the portable ANPR implemented on android mobile phone is presented. The main challenges in mobile application are including higher coding efficiency, reduced computational complexity, and improved flexibility. Significance efforts are being explored to find suitable and adaptive algorithm for implementation of ANPR on mobile phone. ANPR system for mobile phone need to be optimize due to its limited CPU and memory resources, its ability for geo-tagging image captured using GPS coordinates and its ability to access online database to store the vehicle's information. In this paper, the design of portable ANPR on android mobile phone will be described as follows. First, the graphical user interface (GUI) for capturing image using built-in camera was developed to acquire vehicle plate number in Malaysia. Second, the preprocessing of raw image was done using contrast enhancement. Next, character segmentation using fixed pitch and an optical character recognition (OCR) using neural network were utilized to extract texts and numbers. Both character segmentation and OCR were using Tesseract library from Google Inc. The proposed portable ANPR algorithm was implemented and simulated using Android SDK on a computer. Based on the experimental results, the proposed system can effectively recognize the license plate number at 90.86%. The required processing time to recognize a license plate is only 2 seconds on average. The result is consider good in comparison with the results obtained from previous system that was processed in a desktop PC with the range of result from 91.59% to 98% recognition rate and 0.284 second to 1.5 seconds recognition time.

  17. RECOGNITION DESIGN OF LICENSE PLATE AND CAR TYPE USING TESSERACT OCR AND EmguCV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonius Herusutopo

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The goal of the research is to design and implement software that can recognize license plates and car types from images. The method used for the research is soft computing using library of EmguCV. There are four phases in creating the software, i.e., input image process, pre-processing, training processing and recognition. Firstly, user enters the car image. Then, the program reads and does pre-processing the image from bitmap form into vector. The next process is training process, which is learning phase in order the system to be able recognize an object (in this case license plate and car type, and in the end is the recognition process itself. The result is data about the car types and the license plates that have been entered. Using simulation, this software successfully recognized license plate by 80.223% accurate and car type 75% accurate.Keywords: Image; Pre-Processing; License plate and Car Type Recognition, Training

  18. Fluorescence lifetime plate reader: resolution and precision meet high-throughput.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petersen, Karl J; Peterson, Kurt C; Muretta, Joseph M; Higgins, Sutton E; Gillispie, Gregory D; Thomas, David D

    2014-11-01

    We describe a nanosecond time-resolved fluorescence spectrometer that acquires fluorescence decay waveforms from each well of a 384-well microplate in 3 min with signal-to-noise exceeding 400 using direct waveform recording. The instrument combines high-energy pulsed laser sources (5-10 kHz repetition rate) with a photomultiplier and high-speed digitizer (1 GHz) to record a fluorescence decay waveform after each pulse. Waveforms acquired from rhodamine or 5-((2-aminoethyl)amino) naphthalene-1-sulfonic acid dyes in a 384-well plate gave lifetime measurements 5- to 25-fold more precise than the simultaneous intensity measurements. Lifetimes as short as 0.04 ns were acquired by interleaving with an effective sample rate of 5 GHz. Lifetime measurements resolved mixtures of single-exponential dyes with better than 1% accuracy. The fluorescence lifetime plate reader enables multiple-well fluorescence lifetime measurements with an acquisition time of 0.5 s per well, suitable for high-throughput fluorescence lifetime screening applications.

  19. High-throughput and automated diagnosis of antimicrobial resistance using a cost-effective cellphone-based micro-plate reader

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feng, Steve; Tseng, Derek; di Carlo, Dino; Garner, Omai B.; Ozcan, Aydogan

    2016-12-01

    Routine antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) can prevent deaths due to bacteria and reduce the spread of multi-drug-resistance, but cannot be regularly performed in resource-limited-settings due to technological challenges, high-costs, and lack of trained professionals. We demonstrate an automated and cost-effective cellphone-based 96-well microtiter-plate (MTP) reader, capable of performing AST without the need for trained diagnosticians. Our system includes a 3D-printed smartphone attachment that holds and illuminates the MTP using a light-emitting-diode array. An inexpensive optical fiber-array enables the capture of the transmitted light of each well through the smartphone camera. A custom-designed application sends the captured image to a server to automatically determine well-turbidity, with results returned to the smartphone in ~1 minute. We tested this mobile-reader using MTPs prepared with 17 antibiotics targeting Gram-negative bacteria on clinical isolates of Klebsiella pneumoniae, containing highly-resistant antimicrobial profiles. Using 78 patient isolate test-plates, we demonstrated that our mobile-reader meets the FDA-defined AST criteria, with a well-turbidity detection accuracy of 98.21%, minimum-inhibitory-concentration accuracy of 95.12%, and a drug-susceptibility interpretation accuracy of 99.23%, with no very major errors. This mobile-reader could eliminate the need for trained diagnosticians to perform AST, reduce the cost-barrier for routine testing, and assist in spatio-temporal tracking of bacterial resistance.

  20. An Automatic System of Vehicle Number-Plate Recognition Based on Neural Networks

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    This paper presents an automatic system of vehicle number-plate recognition based on neural networks. In this system, location of number-plate and recognition of characters in number-plate can be automatically completed. Pixel colors of Number-plate area are classified using neural network, then color features are extracted by analyzing scanning lines of the cross-section of number-plate. It takes full use of number-plate color features to locate number plate. Characters in number-plate can be effectively recognized using the neural networks. Experimental results show that the correct rate of number-plate location is close to 100%, and the time of number-plate location is less than 1 second. Moreover, recognition rate of characters is improved due to the known number-plate type. It is also observed that this system is not sensitive to variations of weather, illumination and vehicle speed. In addition, and also the size of number-plate need not to be known in prior. This system is of crucial significance to apply and spread the automatic system of vehicle number-plate recognition.

  1. Discrete algebraic reconstruction technique: a new approach for superresolution reconstruction of license plates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zarei Zefreh, Karim; van Aarle, Wim; Batenburg, K. Joost; Sijbers, Jan

    2013-10-01

    A new superresolution algorithm is proposed to reconstruct a high-resolution license plate image from a set of low-resolution camera images. The reconstruction methodology is based on the discrete algebraic reconstruction technique (DART), a recently developed reconstruction method. While DART has already been successfully applied in tomographic imaging, it has not yet been transferred to the field of camera imaging. DART is introduced for camera imaging through a demonstration of how prior knowledge of the colors of the license plate can be directly exploited during the reconstruction of a high-resolution image from a set of low-resolution images. Simulation experiments show that DART can reconstruct images with superior quality compared to conventional reconstruction methods.

  2. Application of phase stretch transform to plate license identification under blur and noise conditions (Conference Presentation)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asghari, Hossein; Hadar, Ofer; Jalali, Bahram

    2016-09-01

    This paper deals with implementing a new algorithm for edge detection based on the Phase Stretch Transform (PST) for purposes of car plate license recognition. In PST edge detection algorithm, the image is first filtered with a spatial kernel followed by application of a nonlinear frequency-dependent phase. The output of the transform is the phase in the spatial domain. The main step is the 2-D phase function which is typically applied in the frequency domain. The amount of phase applied to the image is frequency dependent with higher amount of phase applied to higher frequency features of the image. Since sharp transitions, such as edges and corners, contain higher frequencies, PST emphasizes the edge information. Features can be further enhanced by applying thresholding and morphological operations. Here we investigate the influence of noise and blur on the ability to recognize the characters in the plate license, by comparison of our suggested algorithm with the well known Canny algorithm. We use several types of noise distributions among them, Gaussian noise, salt and paper noise and uniform distributed noise, with several levels of noise variances. The simulated blur is related to the car velocity and we applied several filters representing different velocities of the car. Another interesting degradation that we intend to investigate is the cases that Laser shield license plate cover is used to distort the image taken by the authorities. Our comparison results are presented in terms of True positive, False positive and False negative probabilities.

  3. Modeling and Implementing Two-Stage AdaBoost for Real-Time Vehicle License Plate Detection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moon Kyou Song

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available License plate (LP detection is the most imperative part of the automatic LP recognition system. In previous years, different methods, techniques, and algorithms have been developed for LP detection (LPD systems. This paper proposes to automatical detection of car LPs via image processing techniques based on classifier or machine learning algorithms. In this paper, we propose a real-time and robust method for LPD systems using the two-stage adaptive boosting (AdaBoost algorithm combined with different image preprocessing techniques. Haar-like features are used to compute and select features from LP images. The AdaBoost algorithm is used to classify parts of an image within a search window by a trained strong classifier as either LP or non-LP. Adaptive thresholding is used for the image preprocessing method applied to those images that are of insufficient quality for LPD. This method is of a faster speed and higher accuracy than most of the existing methods used in LPD. Experimental results demonstrate that the average LPD rate is 98.38% and the computational time is approximately 49 ms.

  4. Design of an Automated Secure Garage System Using License Plate Recognition Technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Afaz Uddin Ahmed

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Modern technologies have reached our garage to secure the cars and entrance to the residences for the demand of high security and automated infrastructure. The concept of intelligent secure garage systems in modern transport management system is a remarkable example of the computer interfaced controlling devices. License Plate Recognition (LPR process is one of the key elements of modern intelligent garage security setups. This paper presents a design of an automated secure garage system featuring LPR process. A study of templates matching approach by using Optical Character Recognition (OCR is implemented to carry out the LPR method. We also developed a prototype design of the secured garage system to verify the application for local use. The system allows only a predefined enlisted cars or vehicles to enter the garage while blocking the others along with a central-alarm feature. Moreover, the system maintains an update database of the cars that has left and entered into the garage within a particular duration. The vehicle is distinguished by the system mainly based on their registration number in the license plates. The tactics are tried on several samples of license plate’s image in both indoor and outdoor setting.

  5. Sales of Forestry-Related Specialty License Plates in the Southern United States: A County Level Empirical Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shaun M. Tanger

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, specialty license plates have become an increasingly popular way to raise awareness and show support for a myriad of issues with which the plate is linked. Several states and various organizations that provide forestry education have developed forestry license plates. Vehicle owners can purchase the plates to show their support towards forestry by buying the forestry license plates, which generates revenue for the provider organization. Using county-level data from five states in the Southeastern United States, a statistical model was developed to examine explanatory factors of forestry-based specialty license plate sales in 2014. Using linear count regression modeling, we observed that the significant predictor variables of plate sales were income per capita, population density, the percentage of acres that are forested in the county, acres of forest in the county that are privately owned, percentage of people who are 65 or older, and presence of the forest industry in the county. Plate sales were positively correlated with the presence of the forest industry in the county.

  6. 75 FR 75186 - License Plate Reader Standard Special Technical Committee Request for Proposals for Certification...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-02

    ... programs for similar types of electronic equipment. Additional preferred knowledge includes experience with... nominee's applicable experience, preferred knowledge, and affiliations with standards...

  7. RECOGNITION DESIGN OF LICENSE PLATE AND CAR TYPE USING TESSERACT OCR AND EmguCV

    OpenAIRE

    Antonius Herusutopo; Rizky Zuhrudin; Willy Wijaya; Yuka Musiko

    2012-01-01

    The goal of the research is to design and implement software that can recognize license plates and car types from images. The method used for the research is soft computing using library of EmguCV. There are four phases in creating the software, i.e., input image process, pre-processing, training processing and recognition. Firstly, user enters the car image. Then, the program reads and does pre-processing the image from bitmap form into vector. The next process is training process, which is ...

  8. Study on the automatic process of line heating for pillow shape plate

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    This paper focuses on the process for pillow shape plate by line heating technique, which is widely applied in the production of ship hull. Based on the analysis of primary parameters and experimental data in line heating process, the amount of local contraction generated by line heating has been illustrated. Then, combining with the computational result of local deformation determined by shell plate development, an optimization method for line heating parameters has been studied. This prediction system may provide rational arrangements of heating lines and technical parameters of process. By integrating the prediction system into the line heating robot for pillow shape plate, the automatic process of line heating for pillow shape plate can be achieved.

  9. Dependence of fading patterns of photo-stimulated luminescence from imaging plates on radiation, energy, and image reader

    CERN Document Server

    Ohuchi, H

    2002-01-01

    We have been investigating the fading characteristics of imaging plates (IPs) as integral type detectors. The dependence on alpha, beta, and gamma ray radiation and their energies of the fading effect was measured using three types of IPs (BAS-UR, BAS-TR, and BAS-MS). The functions to correct the fading were determined by using the method reported in a previous paper. In all types of IPs, we confirmed that the fading effect is independent of the energy of the incident particles of beta and gamma rays and also independent of radiation except for the first component, which fades out in a very short time after irradiation with alpha rays. These results are very useful in the utilization of IPs as integral detectors in practical radiation fields. Empirically, the fading pattern is known to change when the IP is scanned by different types of image readers. The differences in the fading patterns obtained with two types of image readers, the BAS-1000 and the BAS-5000 (Fuji Film Co.), is discussed. Development of an ...

  10. A Simple and Efficient Algorithm for License Plate Localization%一种简单快速的车牌定位算法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚成清

    2011-01-01

    License plate location is one of the key technologies in license plate recognition system. By preprocessing the license plate image to remove the interference noise, this paper uses the method of interlaced scanning and the mothod of rectangular window searching to location the license plate's top boder, bottom boder, left boder and right boder. So it greatly improves the speed of license plate location. This paper also proposes that the changing of location area can judge the tilt condition of the license plate and gives out a correction mothod of the tilt license plate. The experiments show that this algorithm is simple and efficient.%车牌定位是汽车牌照识别系统的关键技术之一.通过对图像进行预处理,去除干扰的噪声,然后利用隔行扫描和矩形窗口搜索法来定位车牌的上下边界和左右边界,从而提高了车牌定位的速度.提出了利用车牌定位出来的区域面积的变化情况来判断车牌的倾斜情况,并对倾斜的车牌进行了准确的校正.实验结果表明,该算法简单高效.

  11. 一种实用的基于形态学和标志法的车牌字符切分方法%A Practical Method of Car License Plate Character Segmentation Based on Morphology and Labeling

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王明祥; 莫玉龙

    2000-01-01

    In this paper, a kind of practical image segmentation algorithm for segment characters from car license plate is presented, based on morphology and labeling. First, by morphological operation, noise in the binary image of license plate can be greatly decreased. Then, by labeling, each connected pixel component is given a unique label. Finally, by the known data of license plate, each character is extracted correctly. The advantage of this method is that it can deal with plates with different sizes and connected characters plates, and inclined plates. The experiment results show that it is an effective way to extract characters from the license plate, and can be put into practical use.

  12. 一种实用的基于形态学和标志法的车牌字符切分方法%A Practical Method of Car License Plate Character Segmentation Based on Morphology and Labeling

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王明祥; 莫玉龙

    2001-01-01

    In this paper, a kind of practical image segmentation algorithm for segment characters from car license plate is presented, based on morphology and labeling. First, by morphological operation, noise in the binary image of license plate can be greatly decreased. Then, by labeling, each connected pixel component is given a unique label. Finally, by the known data of license plate, each character is extracted correctly. The advantage of this method is that it can deal with plates with different sizes and connected characters plates, and inclined plates. The experiment results show that it is an effective way to extract characters from the license plate, and can be put into practical use.

  13. Concept of automatic programming of NC machine for metal plate cutting by genetic algorithm method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Vaupotic

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: In this paper the concept of automatic programs of the NC machine for metal plate cutting by genetic algorithm method has been presented.Design/methodology/approach: The paper was limited to automatic creation of NC programs for two-dimensional cutting of material by means of adaptive heuristic search algorithms.Findings: Automatic creation of NC programs in laser cutting of materials combines the CAD concepts, the recognition of features and creation and optimization of NC programs. The proposed intelligent system is capable to recognize automatically the nesting of products in the layout, to determine the incisions and sequences of cuts forming the laid out products. Position of incisions is determined at the relevant places on the cut. The system is capable to find the shortest path between individual cuts and to record the NC program.Research limitations/implications: It would be appropriate to orient future researches towards conceiving an improved system for three-dimensional cutting with optional determination of positions of incisions, with the capability to sense collisions and with optimization of the speed and acceleration during cutting.Practical implications: The proposed system assures automatic preparation of NC program without NC programer.Originality/value: The proposed concept shows a high degree of universality, efficiency and reliability and it can be simply adapted to other NC-machines.

  14. OpenCV在车牌识别中的应用%Application of OpenCV in License Plate Recognition

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜莉莉; 蒋潇; 陈昕怡; 殷旭东

    2014-01-01

    For license plate recognition on smart phone, application of OpenCV is studied. First, OpenCV and work flow of license plate recognition are introduced. Then detailed application of OpenCV is discussed, which is in license plate location, character segmentation and character recognition. Experimental results show that the recognition is good. The foundation is laid for further developing a vehicle information management system on smart phones such as Android.%为利用智能手机进行车牌识别,研究了OpenCV在车牌识别中的应用。首先介绍了OpenCV及车牌识别的工作流程,然后论述了OpenCV在车牌定位、字符分割和字符识别中的具体应用。实验结果表明识别效果良好,为在Android等智能手机上进一步开发车辆信息管理系统奠定了基础。

  15. Design Of Advanced License Plate Recognition Algorithm%一种改进的车牌识别算法的设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于跃; 余红涛; 顾美霞

    2012-01-01

    License plate recognition system has been widely usedas intelligent traffic system (ITS) the indispensable important constituent part.The license plate recognition algorithm is mature but there are still many places needs to be improved.Based on the principle of license plate recognition, this paperputs forward some new algorithm in the license plate image preprocessing and pattern recognition, includingthe tilt correction processing.Not only reduce the license plate image quality requirements, improve the recognition accuracy, but also improve the recognition accuracy. On the basis of improved algorithm, this paper, by using OpenCV and MFC to complete the algorithm, and using this software to process a series of license plate images has made great identification results.%车牌识别系统作为智能交通管理系统(ITS)中不可缺少的重要组成部分已得到广泛应用。目前的车牌识别算法正在逐步趋于成熟但还是有很多地方有待改进。基于车牌识别的原理,本文在车牌图像预处理以及模式识别两个关键部分提出了一些新的算法,加入了倾斜校正的处理过程,不仅降低了车牌图像的质量要求,而且提高了识别精度。在改进算法的基础上,利用OpenCV结合MFC进行了该算法的软件实现,并利用该软件处理了一系列的车牌图片取得了不错的识别结果。

  16. Research of vehicle license plate recognition based on OpenCV%基于OpenCV的车牌识别系统研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜宇; 张子潮; 周富强

    2011-01-01

    车牌识别系统是以汽车牌照为特定目标的专用计算机视觉系统.是智能交通系统的重要组成部分.介绍了一种基于Visual C++平台与Intel开源计算机视觉库OpenCV的静态复杂背景下的车牌识别系统的开发方式.该方式中采用空间域滤波和形态学方法确定车牌的轮廓.采用频域、空间域分析和几何校正相结合的方法对车牌歪斜情况进行校正,最后通过字符分割和模板匹配实现车牌号码识别.经在Visual C++平台下验证,此方法适用于车牌歪斜的情况,识别速度快,准确率高.%Vehicle license plate recognition system is a specified computer vision system on license plate and an important part of the intelligent traffic system. This paper introduces a method of vehicle license plate recognition in a complex background based on Visual C+ + and a Intel open source computer vision library OpenCV. The method adopts the way of space domain filtering and morphological processing to locate the license plate, rectifies the beveled plate using a combination of frequency domain and space domain analysis and geometric rectification, and achieves license number recognition by character segmentation and matching. The method has been implemented on Visual C + + on beveled plate and turnod out to be efficient and accurate.

  17. License plate character recognition based on the MQDF%基于MQDF的车牌字符识别

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周明辉; 刘辉; 曹刚

    2013-01-01

    This paper proposed a new license plate character recognition algorithm based on MQDF,which includes K-L transformation based on the QDF,and replaces the small characteristic value with constant to improve the calculation speed and classification accuracy.The method based on the statistical model and central limit theorem,which is easy to design,implementation,and widely used in handwriting recognition,has the very good robustness and higher identification accuracy.With the experiment of the license plate image of 2142 of the day,evening blue yellow card,the results show that,average recognition rate reaches above 98% for digit,letter,Chinese characters,which has a good applied foreground.%文中提出了一种新的基于MQDF的车牌字符识别算法,该算法在QDF的基础上进行K-L变换,并且用常量代替小的特征值改善计算速度和分类的正确率.该方法基于统计模型和中心极限定理,便于设计和实现,广泛应用于手写体识别,具有很好的鲁棒性和较高的识别准确率.用2142幅白天、晚上的蓝牌、黄牌车牌图像做实验,实验结果表明,对于数字、字母、汉字字符,平均识别率达到98%以上,具有较好的应用前景.

  18. 基于纹理特征的车牌定位方法%License plate location based on texture features

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李文锋; 张红英

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, license plate location method based on texture features is presented. Firstly, picture edge is extracted, the edge points which the horizontal distance is relatively close are connected, and using mathematical morphology operation to form several candidate regions. Then, accurately locating license plate according to horizontal edge length and projection histogram. At last, the real license plate area is chosen from candidate area based on the license plate size. The experimental results demonstrate that the locating accuracy of this method can reach 94.6%, and the average locating time is 450 milliseconds.%提出了一种基于纹理的车牌定位方法。首先提取汽车图像的边缘,再连接水平方向上距离较近的边缘点,通过数学形态学操作形成若干候选区域,然后根据水平方向边缘线段长度和投影直方图进行精确定位,最后根据尺寸判断候选区是否为车牌。实验结果表明,该算法定位准确率能达到93.7%,平均定位时间为435 ms。

  19. 基于 HA LCON 的车牌识别技术研究%Research on license plate recognition technology based on HALCON

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李锦珑; 张维昭; 马宏锋; 刘馨

    2015-01-01

    For the problem of low speed and accuracy of license plate recognition , a new license plate system is designed in this paper . HALCON is used as the core of machine vision and image processing software . The major work includes image acquisition , image preprocessing and the realization of the detection algorithm . Experiments demonstrate that the accuracy of license plate recognition can reach 94.6% during the day . The speed of identification is also improved relatively ,and the average recognition time of each license plate is 40.3 ms .%针对目前车牌识别速度较慢以及识别准确率较低的问题,以 HALCON作为机器视觉和图像处理核心软件,将计算机视觉检测技术应用于车辆牌照的识别,实现了图像采集、预处理和检测.实验结果表明,白天车辆牌照识别准确率达到94.6%;相对于传统方法,识别速度也有所改进,每幅牌照的平均识别时间为40.3 ms .

  20. License Plate Recognition Based on Neural Network Ensemble%基于神经网络集成的车牌字符识别

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马宁; 李斌

    2012-01-01

    针对车牌字符在车牌图象退化时识别率较低的问题,提出一种基于神经网络集成的车牌字符识别方法。基于小生境遗传算法在提高进化的局部搜索方面的良好性能来动态构建个体网络差异性大的神经网络集成,进而提高整个集成系统的泛化能力。将该方法应用于车牌字符的识别,实验结果表明,该方法能有效地生成差异度较大的个体网络,得到的神经网络集成能有效提高车牌字符的识别率。%Aiming at the current problem that license plate character recognition is at low recognition rate when the license plate image quality degrades, this paper presents a license plate character recognition method which is based on neural network ensemble. Using niche technique's good performance in improving local search of evolution to dynamically construct individual networks with diversity, and to improve the generalization ability of the neural network ensemble. At last, the method is applied in the license plate character rec- ognition. The results show that the method can generate individual networks with greater different degrees and the neural network ensemble it generates can effectively improve the rate of license plate character recognition.

  1. 基于 H.264的车牌快速保护方案%A SCHEME FOR RAPID PROTECTION OF LICENSE PLATE BASED ON H.264

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭佳繤; 龙敏

    2015-01-01

    The monitoring videos often leak the privacy in some occasions where the secrecies are strictly demanded,which has attracted wide attention.Aiming at the encryption of licence plate area in videos we propose an H.264-based rapid license plate protection scheme. First,we use HSV colour model to search the area of license plate,and employ FMO (flexible macroblock order)technique in H.264 to map the macroblocks of license plate area and background area in one video frame into different groups.Then,we present a one-dimensional mixed chaotic sequence to generate a binary key stream.Finally,we use the key stream to encrypt license plate area in the process of context-based adaptive binary arithmetic coding (CABAC).Experimental results show that the scheme has good robustness and also protect the license plate area rapidly and effectively as well.%在一些保密要求严格的场合,监控视频泄露个人隐私,已引起了人们的广泛关注。针对视频中车牌区域加密的问题提出一种基于 H.264的车牌快速保护方案。首先使用 HSV 颜色模型搜索出车牌区域,并通过 H.264中的灵活宏块排序 FMO(Flexible Macroblock Orde)技术将一帧中车牌区域和背景区域的宏块映射到不同的组。然后提出一个一维混合混沌序列,用来生成二值密钥流。最后在参考适应性二元算术编码 CABAC(Context-based Adaptive Binary Arithmetic Coding)编码过程中使用该密钥流对车牌区域进行加密。实验结果表明,该方案不仅具有良好的鲁棒性,而且快速有效地保护了车牌区域。

  2. 受污染车牌字符分割方法的研究%Research on the Method of Contaminated License Plate Character Segmentation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈花玉; 苗艳华; 杜青; 冯芳; 韩彬彬; 赵紫鹏; 赵志刚

    2016-01-01

    为提高对受污染车牌字符分割的有效率,提出了将现有字符分割方法中的垂直投影法和固定边界法结合的方法应用于受污染车牌字符的分割,对原始图像进行灰度化、二值化、开闭运算、去除边框、去除圆点,实验结果表明,该方法可以有效进行受污染车牌字符的分割。%To improve the efficiency of contaminated license plate character segmentation,it proposed the combined method of vertical projection method and fixed boundary method is applied to the contaminated license plate character segmentation.This metod is used to deal with the original image,grayscale, binaryzation, opening and closing operation,the removal of borders, removal of dots.The experimental results show that this method can segment contaminated license plate character effectively.

  3. 基于OpenCV的车牌定位方法%Mothed of vehicle license plate location based on OpenCV

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭同德; 王三刚

    2013-01-01

    An accurate positioning license plate based on open source vision library OpenCV from complex environment is presented.Using color feature of license plate,the original image,is handled respectively,in the HSV color space and RGB color space processing to get two binary images.According to the texture features of two binary images,the upper and lower boundaries of the license plate from binary image are gotten in the HSV color space.The plate horizontal area is obtained by cutting the binary image on the RGB color space in accordance with the positioning out of the upper and lower boundary coordinates.According to the geometric features of license plate,accurate plate region from the cutting level area is obtained.The experimental results show that this method can quickly and accurately locate the plate,but also has a strong anti-interference.%提出一种基于开源视觉库OpenCV从复杂环境中准确定位车牌的方法.利用车牌的颜色特征,将原图像分别在HSV颜色空间和RGB颜色空间下处理得到两幅二值图像;根据这两幅二值图像的纹理特点,在HSV颜色空间下得到的二值图像定位出车牌的上下边界,再按照定位出的上下边界坐标从RGB颜色空间下的二值图像上水平切割出车牌区域;根据车牌的几何特征,从切割出的水平区域中得到精确的车牌区域.实验结果表明,该方法能够快速、准确定位出车牌,还具有很强的抗干扰性.

  4. Multiple damage identification and imaging in an aluminum plate using effective Lamb wave response automatic extraction technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ouyang, Qinghua; Zhou, Li; Liu, Xiaotong

    2016-04-01

    In order to identify multiple damage in the structure, a method of multiple damage identification and imaging based on the effective Lamb wave response automatic extraction algorithm is proposed. In this method, the detected key area in the structure is divided into a number of subregions, and then, the effective response signals including the structural damage information are automatically extracted from the entire Lamb wave responses which are received by the piezoelectric sensors. Further, the damage index values of every subregion based on the correlation coefficient are calculated using the effective response signals. Finally, the damage identification and imaging are performed using the reconstruction algorithm for probabilistic inspection of damage (RAPID) technique. The experimental research was conducted using an aluminum plate. The experimental results show that the method proposed in this research can quickly and effectively identify the single damage or multiple damage and image the damages clearly in detected area.

  5. 基于三值图像的车牌定位算法%License plate location algorithm based on three-valued image

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    安红新; 蒋建国; 齐美彬; 刘红海

    2012-01-01

    A new method is presented for locating license plates in complex background, such as uneven illumination. Firstly, the color image is converted into three-valued image processing. Then using the color consistency between the license plate characters, the license plate location is carried out by positioning of the character spacing line inverse area, therefore the difficult problem of positioning is solved. The experimental results show that the algorithm can accurately locate the license plate, has good robust to the impact of the body color and the color of the outside world, and can effectively exclude printing characters such as texture cluster disruption. It also shows that the method makes up for the information missing caused by license plate image binary, and provides more useful character information for the subsequent character segmentation, recognition processing.%针对复杂场景中光照不均匀情况下的车牌定位问题,提出了一种新的定位方法.该方法首先对彩色图像进行三值化,然后利用车牌字符之间颜色的一致性,通过定位字符间隔线反推字符区域进行车牌定位,解决了定位难的问题.实验结果表明,本文算法可以准确定位车牌,对车身颜色和外界颜色的影响有很好的鲁棒性,有效剔除打印字符等纹理簇照成的干扰,同时弥补了在光照不均匀等情况下车牌区域进行二值化可能导致的信息缺失,为后续字符分割、识别处理提供更有利的信息.

  6. Automatic genomics: a user-friendly program for the automatic designing and plate loading of medium-throughput qPCR experiments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Callejas, Sergio; Alvarez, Rebeca; Dopazo, Ana

    2011-01-01

    Quantitative PCR (qPCR) remains the method of choice for gene and microRNA (miRNA) expression studies. Many laboratories wish to automate some or all of the steps of medium-throughput qPCR experiments through the use of various types of liquid handling robots. However, it is not uncommon to find cases in which scripts provided by the robot supplier are too rigid for user-specific applications, do not include all the desired options, or are too complicated to be modified by a nonprofessional programmer. Here, we present Automatic Genomics, a program that allows users with a limited programming background to automate medium-throughput qPCR experiments by using commercially available liquid-handling robots. The user is able to optimize the plate design in terms of number of genes, number of samples, and controls.

  7. Two-dimensional laser servoing for precision motion control of an ODV robotic license plate recognition system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Zhen; Moore, Kevin L.; Chen, YangQuan; Bahl, Vikas

    2003-09-01

    As an outgrowth of series of projects focused on mobility of unmanned ground vehicles (UGV), an omni-directional (ODV), multi-robot, autonomous mobile parking security system has been developed. The system has two types of robots: the low-profile Omni-Directional Inspection System (ODIS), which can be used for under-vehicle inspections, and the mid-sized T4 robot, which serves as a ``marsupial mothership'' for the ODIS vehicles and performs coarse resolution inspection. A key task for the T4 robot is license plate recognition (LPR). For a successful LPR task without compromising the recognition rate, the robot must be able to identify the bumper locations of vehicles in the parking area and then precisely position the LPR camera relative to the bumper. This paper describes a 2D-laser scanner based approach to bumper identification and laser servoing for the T4 robot. The system uses a gimbal-mounted scanning laser. As the T4 robot travels down a row of parking stalls, data is collected from the laser every 100ms. For each parking stall in the range of the laser during the scan, the data is matched to a ``bumper box'' corresponding to where a car bumper is expected, resulting in a point cloud of data corresponding to a vehicle bumper for each stall. Next, recursive line-fitting algorithms are used to determine a line for the data in each stall's ``bumper box.'' The fitting technique uses Hough based transforms, which are robust against segmentation problems and fast enough for real-time line fitting. Once a bumper line is fitted with an acceptable confidence, the bumper location is passed to the T4 motion controller, which moves to position the LPR camera properly relative to the bumper. The paper includes examples and results that show the effectiveness of the technique, including its ability to work in real-time.

  8. Design of Vehicle License Plate Recognition System Based on SOPC%基于SOPC的汽车车牌识别系统设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔萌达

    2012-01-01

    介绍一种基于SOPC的车牌识别系统的设计方案,利用SOPC Builder创建和配置Nios Ⅱ软核处理器及其外围设备,实现对图像传感器输出数据的采集、存储和显示;在Nios IDE软件开发平台上设计本系统图像处理的程序流程,通过对车牌图像进行定位、字符分割、字符识别等操作,完成对车牌号的处理.这种基于SOPC技术的车牌识别系统降低系统软硬件设计的难度,缩短开发周期,并提高设计的可靠性,具有较高的实用价值和应用前景.%A design of vehicle license plate recognition system based on SOPC is introduced, use SOPC Builder to create and configure the Nios II soft core processor? And its peripheral equipment to realize the image sensor output data collection, storage and display* the program flow of image processing of the system is designed on the Nios IDE software development platform, through the positioning plate image, character segmentation, character recognition and other operations to complete the processing of license plate number. This kind of vehicle license plate recognition system based on SOPC technology has reduced the difficulty of systematic soft and hardware design, shortened development cycle, raised the reliability of design, and had higher practical value and application prospect.

  9. Rapid and automatic on-plate desalting protocol for MALDI-MS: using imprinted hydrophobic polymer template.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jia, Weitao; Wu, Huixia; Lu, Haojie; Li, Na; Zhang, Yang; Cai, Ruifang; Yang, Pengyuan

    2007-08-01

    A novel protocol of rapid and automatic on-plate desalting (OPD) and peptide concentration for 2-DE-MALDI-MS has been developed by the approach of templating the hydrophobic polymer solution over Kapton-etched mask. For the template technique, small hydrophobic polymer [linear poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA), PMMA derivatized with fullerene-C60 (PMMA-C60), linear polystyrene (PSt), or PSt derivatized with fullerene-C60 (PSt-C60)] spots (990 microm od) are patterned at the centers of stainless MALDI plate wells (1400 microm id). Tryptic-peptide solution with no predesalting was dropped onto the central hydrophobic spots, resulting in a concentration of proteolytic peptides on the hydrophobic polymer surface with a reduced spot size. The dried peptide layer was then covered subsequently with over-volume matrix solution, causing the removal of redissolved salts from the spot center to the spot edge by means of a natural "outward flow." The proposed OPD protocol exhibited a dramatic enhancement in S/N up to 850 for 14 fmol BSA digests in the coexistence of 100 mM salts, compared with barely detectable peaks in ordinary way. This analysis has shown that the success rate of identification was increased by two-fold for low abundance proteins in the human liver tissue with no need for the conventional ZipPlate desalting strategy.

  10. Development of Plate Reader and On-Line Microfluidic Screening to Identify Ligands of the 5-Hydroxytryptamine Binding Protein in Venoms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reka A. Otvos

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The 5-HT3 receptor is a ligand-gated ion channel, which is expressed in the nervous system. Its antagonists are used clinically for treatment of postoperative- and radiotherapy-induced emesis and irritable bowel syndrome. In order to better understand the structure and function of the 5-HT3 receptor, and to allow for compound screening at this receptor, recently a serotonin binding protein (5HTBP was engineered with the Acetylcholine Binding Protein as template. In this study, a fluorescence enhancement assay for 5HTBP ligands was developed in plate-reader format and subsequently used in an on-line microfluidic format. Both assay types were validated using an existing radioligand binding assay. The on-line microfluidic assay was coupled to HPLC via a post-column split which allowed parallel coupling to a mass spectrometer to collect MS data. This high-resolution screening (HRS system is well suitable for compound mixture analysis. As a proof of principle, the venoms of Dendroapsis polylepis, Pseudonaja affinis and Pseudonaja inframacula snakes were screened and the accurate masses of the found bioactives were established. To demonstrate the subsequent workflow towards structural identification of bioactive proteins and peptides, the partial amino acid sequence of one of the bioactives from the Pseudonaja affinis venom was determined using a bottom-up proteomics approach.

  11. Research of Vehicle License Plate Location Algorithm Based on Edge Detection and Gray Level Jump%基于边缘检测及灰度跳变的车牌定位算法研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李琼; 饶俊慧; 陈多瑜

    2013-01-01

    In order to accurately locate the vehicle license plate in the complicated background and different illumination conditions, this paper proposes a vehicle license plate location algorithm based on edge detection and gray level jump. Firstly, the obtaining images are preprocessed by graying and binary, improving the quality of image and highlighting the information of the vehicle license plate. And then, the plate images are detected edge of image. Based on this, the border of plate of the license plate region are determined by the gray level jump statistics of horizontal direction and the vertical direction, so as to achieve the location of vehicle license plate. The experimental results show that this method can be more accurate and quicker to realize the location of the vehicle license plate region.%为了能在复杂背景及不同光照条件下准确地定位出车牌,提出了一种基于边缘检测和灰度跳变的车牌定位算法。该算法首先对获取的图像进行灰度化、图像二值化等预处理操作,提高图像质量,突出车牌信息,接着对车牌图像进行边缘检测,在此基础上采用水平方向和垂直方向上的灰度跳变统计来确定车牌区域的上下边界和左右边界,从而实现车牌定位。实验结果表明,该方法可以比较准确、快速地实现车牌区域的定位。

  12. Tilt correction method of license plate based on Sobel operator and Radon transform%基于Sobel算子和Radon变换的车牌倾斜校正方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴丽丽; 余春艳

    2013-01-01

    The tilt license plate is bad for license plate characters segmentation.A new approach for license plate tilt correction based on Sobel operator and Radon transform was presented.The horizontal edge and vertical edge of the binary image were detected by Sobel operator.On the basis of the results of edge detection,the horizontal tilt angle and vertical tilt angle were detected by Radon transform.Combined with tilt angle,the binary image was corrected by shear transformation.Experimental results show that the method offers robustness when dealing with dirty plates and license plates in variant lighting conditions.%倾斜的车牌不利于车牌字符的分割.基于Sobel算子和Radon变换,提出了一种新的车牌倾斜校正方法.利用Sobel算子对二值化后的车牌进行水平和垂直两个方向的边缘检测,在边缘检测结果的基础上用Radon变换测出车牌在水平和垂直两个方向上的倾斜角,结合倾斜角用剪切变换对二值化后的车牌进行校正.实验结果表明,该方法简单易行,对污迹、光照不敏感.

  13. Evaluation of Private Car Owner's Willingness to Pay for License Plate Auction Price using Rank-Dependent Utility (RDU)%利用RDU评价车牌拍卖和年费方式的支付意愿

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯立文

    2012-01-01

    Legal restriction on the ownership of private can, such as license plate auction, is an important measure to control the explosive increase of the number of private cars in a city. However, an increasing number of people are casting doubt on the justifiability and rationality of current legal restrictions because of the continuing rise of license plate auction price. Many non-local markets emerge due to the great disparity among license plate auction prices. The administration cost and complexity on local transportation are elevating because of the increase of the number of private cars with non-local license plates.This paper categorizes consumers into three different types, employs the rank-dependent utility ( RDU) and probability weight function (PWF) to discuss the cost relationship and owner's willingness to pay (WTP) for local and non-local license plate price, and investigates the impact of plat auction price change on different owners' WTP. The result indicates that both the elastics of PWF and the utility of wait-and-see can determine the direction of WTP. The elastics of PWF can influence the license plate choice and identify buyer types. Specifically, increase in auction price in local market drives people to buy plates in non-local places. If supply is sufficient, competition will lower the total cost, and result in the surging of non-local plates in local places. In addition, people will prefer local plates when the utility contribution rate of local plates is no lower than that of non-local ones. Meanwhile, consumers withhold different subjective probability on the choice of local and non-local license plates, and receive different individual benefits when auction price changes, depending on the form of PWF. In summary, the elasticity of PWF plays an important role in determining license plate selection, evaluating WTP and differentiating consumer types.In addition, the paper analyzes the possible effect of annuity on market analysis as conducted by

  14. Based on the ARM of the license plate identification system%基于ARM的车牌识别系统的研制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张海霞; 杨耀权; 马高伟

    2011-01-01

    文章主要介绍了基于ARM的车牌识别(license plate recognition简称LPR)是指通过识别车辆车牌来认证车辆身份的技术,它是智能交通系统(Intelligent Transportation System简称ITS)的技术基础,是计算机视觉、图像处理技术与模式识别技术的融合,是智能交通系统(ITS)中重要的研究课题.大多数ITS项目都是建立在此基础上的.嵌入式车牌识别技术的研究和开发具有巨大的经济价值和现实意义.

  15. Rapid license plate location algorithm based on monocular vision%基于单目视觉的车牌快速定位方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨先勇; 王会岩; 周晓莉; 刘东基; 宋盼盼

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents a combination of theory and morphology of the color space. Firstly, image color space is conversed, and the required features of the color region detection to is extracted, Then, the color characteristics of the regional are tested, the gray level statistics on the edge is done, and is filtered by a certain percentage. By using characteristics of the changes of the vehicle location on the front, the coarse positioning of the possible license plate region for the next time is finished, which is benefit of a more rapid positioning for the next time. 100 license plate image are used, for positioning in this which is benefit of algorithm, the positioning accuracy rate is 90%, the speed is in 0.1 s.%提出了一种基于颜色空间理论和形态学结合的方法。首先对图像进行颜色空间转换,按要求提取出需要的特征颜色区域,再对颜色特征区域进行检测,对边缘进行灰度统计,按一定的比例进行筛选,并利用前方车辆位置变化的特点,对下一次车牌可能出现的区域进行粗定位,利于下一次更快速的定位。应用该算法对100幅车牌图像进行定位,定位准确率达90%,速度均在0.1s内。

  16. 基于暗原色先验的雾天图像车牌定位%License Plate Location Based on Dark Channel Prior in Fog-degraded Images

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鞠丽丽; 王英

    2016-01-01

    在雾天条件下,会影响到基于传统车牌识别方法的车牌识别系统的车牌识别准确率。首先根据He提出的暗原色先验原理应用IMF算法对图像去雾处理;然后进行小波边缘检测,定位车牌候选区域;最后根据车牌先验知识定位车牌区域。实验表明,该方法对雾天条件下车牌定位有良好的效果。%Fog weather conditions affect the license plate recognition system accuracy,which based on traditional license plate recognition method.Firstly,this paper employs Dark Channel Prior principle proposed by He to eliminate the influence of fog weather.Secondly uses b-spline wavelet edge detection to position license plate candidate area of restored images,final-ly locates the license plate according to the the candidate area.

  17. PLATE

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kling, Joyce; Hjulmand, Lise-Lotte

    2008-01-01

    Copenhagen Business School (CBS) finds itself needing to address the issue of English-medium instruction for its increasing number of foreign exchange and full degree students. With internationalisation as a main pillar of the institution’s agenda, there are concerns whether the teaching faculty......’s level of English is sufficient for the increasing number of courses offered in English each semester. This paper addresses these concerns and describes a pilot project initiated in 2003 at CBS to gauge the overall English language proficiency of those teaching content courses in English. Through...... the Project in Language Assessment for Teaching in English (PLATE) language professionals from CBS’s Language Center observe teachers and provide feedback using evaluation criteria from the Common European Framework for Reference (CEFR) supplemented by some additional criteria which take the LSP nature...

  18. COCHABAMBA READER.

    Science.gov (United States)

    LASTRA, YOLANDA

    INTENDED AS FOLLOWUP MATERIAL AFTER THE COMPLETION OF THE TWO-VOLUME SPOKEN COCHABAMBA COURSE, THIS READER CONSISTS OF A SINGLE LONG STORY, "JUANITO," WRITTEN BY OSCAR TERAN. IT HAS BEEN USED AS A RADIO SCRIPT FOR A SERIES OF BROADCASTS FROM A COCHABAMBA STATION WHICH SERVES THE SURROUNDING INDIGENOUS POPULATION. THE MATERIAL IS…

  19. Reader's Guide

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    @@ Dear readers: This is the last issue for year 2002. Thanks to your consistent assistance and concerns, our magazine has accordingly made much an effort to objectively and genuinely introduce and reflect new achievements and climate by port sector across the country in terms of reform, construction, operation and development.

  20. 中厚铝板表面处理及自动垛板生产线的研发%Research and development of aluminum plate surface treatment and automatic staking-plate production line

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐鸿钧; 葛延; 王廣收; 胡建华; 彭兵

    2011-01-01

    介绍了中国重型机械研究院为西南铝业有限公司中厚板车间设计成套的成品板材表面处理及真空吸附自动垛板生产线.该生产线采用了喷码机喷头防碰撞保护技术,板材运行纠偏技术,高精度的长、宽方向定位技术,高精度、高可靠性吸盘搬运装置、衬纸、覆膜技术等一系列新技术,具有对铝板表面进行自动清刷、喷码、对中、堆垛、衬纸等功能.基于PLC自动控制系统,采用集中监控管理,分散控制的多层次自动化系统,适用于实际生产中多规格的板材.生产线投产以来,运行稳定,性能指标达到设计要求.%The paper describes a complete set of finished aluminum plate surface treatment and vacuum absorption automatic plate staking-plate production line designed by China Heavy Machinery Research Institute for plate workshop of Southwest Aluminum(Group) Co. , Ltd.. This production line uses a series of new technologies such as anticollision protection for printers head, correcting a deviation in plate running, high-precision positioning for length and width, high-precision and high-reliability sucker handling device, paper backing and membrane-coveting. It has the functions of automatic cleaning, centering, stacking, and lining paper for aluminum plate surface. Based on PLC automatic control system, it uses the multi-level automation system of centralized monitoring management and decentralized control, which is suitable for plates of various sizes in the practical production. Since being put into production line, its operation is stable and all performance indexes are up to the design requirements.

  1. 基于单摆的自动平板控制系统%Automatic Plate Control System Based on the Single Pendulum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王建行; 李莉莉; 刘娟意

    2012-01-01

    According to the motion characteristics of pendulum in large angle, it is imperative to take a deeply quantitative analysis for relationship between swing angle and plate movement, as to make sure of the reliable movement stability for the plate fixed with pendulum. With the MCU MC9S12XS128 as the core and angle sensor for data collection, a automatic plate control system is designed using an advanced couple stepper motor to realize plate angle control. Performance test indicate that this system can achieve excellent precision and determination, the stability of plate motion has been greatly improved.%根据单摆大角度运动的特点,为保证单摆上固定的平板运动的稳定性,定量分析摆角与平板运动的关系,设计以MC9S12XS128为核心的自动平板控制系统,利用角度传感器采集摆角信息,采用先进的二项步进电机进行平板角度控制,系统控制精度高,经测定,平板运动稳定性大大提高。

  2. Readers respond

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Narendra N. Wig

    2005-11-01

    Full Text Available Please allow me to congratulate you on bringing out Mens Sana 8th and 9th Monographs on Medical Practice, Psychiatry and the Pharmaceutical Industry. You and Shakuntala have obviously put in an enormous effort to study dozens of documents, articles and books to bring out such a comprehensive review of this topic with focus on important areas for debate in India. You deserve congratulations of all the readers of these Monographs.

  3. Research on a phased license plate character recognition algorithm based on neural network%基于神经网络的分阶车牌字符识别算法研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李珊珊; 李一民; 郭真真

    2016-01-01

    In order to increase the license plate recognition rate and recognition speed in complex en-vironments, a phased license plate recognition algorithm based on BP neural network and convolution neural network( CNN) is proposed. This method BP neural network used to recognize license plate charac-ters, non-similar letters and numbers in the first stage;and improved CNN used to identify similar license plate letters and numbers in the second stage. Finally through the experimental results of vertical and hor-izontal comparison, the advantage of this method is obtained. Experimental results show that compared with other algorithms such as BP neural network, this method has improved the recognition rate while the recognition time is reduced.%为了提高复杂环境下车牌字符的识别率和识别速度,提出了一种基于BP神经网络和卷积神经网络( CNN)的分阶车牌字符识别算法。该算法第一阶段采用BP神经网络对车牌中的汉字、非相似字符进行识别;并在第二阶段用改进的CNN对车牌中的相似字符进行识别。最后通过实验横向、纵向对比,验证了该神经网络算法的有效性。实验结果表明,相对于传统的BP神经网络算法,明显提高了车牌字符的识别率,同时减少了车牌的识别时间。

  4. License Plate Recognition Based on Improved Neural Network Algorithm%一种改进的神经网络算法车牌识别算法研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡勇智

    2012-01-01

    针对当前车辆识别算法,由于传统的特征提取车牌识别方法,直接通过图像的灰度特征进行车牌识别,当外界光线不足时,图像灰度特征不明显而不能准确识别相似字符,造成车牌误识别的问题.提出了一种改进的神经网络算法的车牌识别系统.通过建立汉字网络、字母数字网络找出相似字符之间的差异进行识别,实验表明,这种识别算法实现简单,识别准确率高.%In view of the current vehicle recognition algorithm, because the traditional feature extraction of vehicle license plate recognition method, directly through the gray image feature recognition, when the external light is insufficient, the image gray feature is not obvious and not accurate recognition of similar character, license plate recognition problem caused by. This paper proposes an improved neural network algorithm of license plate recognition system. Through the establishment of Chinese characters, letters network digital network to find differences between similar characters recognition, experiments show that this algorithm is simple, recognition, recognition rate is high.

  5. Automatic welding for tube-plate in heat exchanger%换热器管板自动焊技术总结

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李超胜; 朱瑞锋

    2016-01-01

    This article provides an overview of the automatic impulse argon-arc welding for tube-plate and discusses the scien-tific and practical application of the technology for further promotion.%通过详尽的分析和对比,诠释管板全位置自动脉冲氩弧焊的工艺和方法;论述了现行工艺方法的科学性和实用性,以促进该项焊接技术在设备制造中的应用和推广。

  6. 复杂背景中基于纹理和颜色的车牌定位研究%ON LICENSE PLATE LOCATION IN COMPLEX BACKGROUND BASED ON TEXTURE AND COLOUR

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    万燕; 徐勤燕; 黄蒙蒙

    2013-01-01

    提出一种将车牌纹理和颜色相结合的车牌定位方法,即基于纹理粗定位得到车牌候选区域后,运用改进的自主确定聚类数和聚类中心的RGB空间k-means聚类算法,而不是定义颜色范围来分割车牌。该方法的优越性在于首先利用纹理排除了颜色干扰区域,其次利用颜色聚类去除了纹理干扰区域,又克服了量化定义颜色适应性不强、稳定性差的缺点。实验表明,该方法可以准确定位复杂背景中任意方向和不同光照下的车牌,具有很强的稳定性和鲁棒性。%In this paper we present a vehicle license plate location method which combines the texture and colour of the license plate,that is,after roughly locating based on texture the candidate region of license plate,the modified k-means clustering algorithm in RGB colour space,which allows the number of cluster and the clustering centres to be determined autonomously,is used to segment the license plate instead of defining the colour range.The advantages of this method are that first it rules out the colour interference area with texture,then it rules out the texture interference area using colour clustering,and also overcomes the instability and weak adaptability of quantified definition of colour.Experiment demonstrates that this method can accurately detect the license plates in complex background with arbitrary orientations and different illumination.It has strong stability and robustness.

  7. LOCATING VEHICLE LICENSE PLATE BASED ON CORNER DETECTION AND REGIONAL COLOUR COHERENCE%基于角点检测与颜色连贯性分析的车牌定位算法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡振邦; 蔡之华

    2012-01-01

    针对低分辨率视频图像,提出一种基于角点检测与颜色连贯性分析的快速车牌定位算法.考虑到车牌具备固定的颜色连贯性特点,首先由车牌背景颜色与车牌字体颜色得出分析掩膜;然后使用较小的阈值和最小角点间距计算得出掩膜内角点;最后对角点进行颜色加权,选择权值最大的分析区域.该方法对图像噪声具有极好的抗干扰性,适用于分辨率较低的视频图像数据.实验表明与其他方法相比,该方法的车牌定位准确率高,平均耗时短.%Considering the problems with regard to low resolution video images, a vehicle license plate locating method based on comer detection and regional colour coherence is put forward. First, taking into acount the characteristic of fixed colour coherence the vehicle license plate has, the analysis mask is obtained from background colour and fonts colour of the license plate, and then the smaller threshold and minimum corner points spacing are employed to calculate comer points within the mask. At last, the corner points are weighted with colour, and the analysis region with largest weights is chosen. This method has excellent performance for image noise in anti-jamming and is suitable for low resolution video image data. Experimental results show that, comparing with other methods, this one locates the vehicle plates with higher accuracy and less time cost.

  8. Game Analysis on Coupling Effects of Private Car License Plate Auction and Congestion Charge%私车牌照拍卖与拥挤收费的政策联动效果研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯苏苇

    2012-01-01

    As the unique city to conduct private car license plate auction in China, Shanghai gains rich experiences and great demonstration effects in regulation practice. After this policy has run for decades, the auction price climbs extremely high and more people tend to use non-local plates, which results in a decline policy performance. This paper first points out the reason for efficiency loss lies in the wide gap between relative travel rights and relative owning cost relating to local and non-local licenses. Second, with game analysis, it analyzes the coupling effects of congestion charge as a comprehensive and supplementary policy to plate auction. The result indicates that if the congestion charge objects focus on those using non-local licenses, people with high time value usually commute earlier to avoid the charge, while those with low time value remain on the road. Finally, sequential game analysis shows that under such policy coupling background of plate auction and congestion charging, the choices of local licenses will finally increase and new congestion will appear. A feasible measure should be setting up different charge rates to local and non-local licenses.%作为中国唯一实施私车牌照拍卖的城市,上海的先行实践和示范效应十分巨大.政策实施二十余年来,随着本地牌照拍卖价格不断走高,选择外地牌照的人数逐渐增加,政策绩效面临衰减的局面.本文以博弈论为工具,分析了牌照拍卖政策绩效流失的根源,研究了拥挤收费作为综合配套政策的可能效果,研究发现,如果对外地牌照拥车者征收拥挤费,高时间价值者会提前出行以规避收费,而低时间价值者留在道路上.进一步,在序贯博弈下,更多的人会选择本地牌照,道路拥挤仍旧不可避免.因此,一个可行的拥挤收费方案是,通过设置不同费率对不同牌照实施差别化收费,以弥补当前政策下相对通行权不对等问题.

  9. Readers Respond

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N.N. Wig

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available This is in response to the MSM theme monograph Academia-Industry Symposium 2007: Medical Practice and the Pharmaceutical Industry: And Ever the Duo shall Meet.I recall that it was just five years ago when you first wrote to me, informing me about the start of Mens Sana Monographs . I was excited because it was something new, something different that was happening in the field of mental health and philosophy in India.You have come a long way since then. In fact, it is amazing how rapidly MSM has progressed, as testified to by the present theme monograph. Your readers and contributors are no longer confined to India; you are now international in reach and outlook. Please allow me to wholeheartedly congratulate you. It is a remarkable achievement by any standard.The present volume is excellent in its design and contents. The two editorials by Jerome Kassirer and Joel Lexchin are outstanding and deeply thought provoking. The article by Martin Van Der Weyden is equally rewarding and has very useful information. The main monograph has been superbly, very competently, and comprehensively written by both of you.In the series "What Medicine Means To Me," I especially liked the piece by Helen Herrman. Her message of public health psychiatry is particularly relevant for developing countries.The book review of David Healy's book by Leemon McHenry is very refreshing and challenging. I congratulate you on your decision to publish it when other journals were still hesitating.And lastly, the obituary reference to my dear friend Dr. Ravi Kapur by Ajit Bhide and you were so touching; I cried all over again.So keep up your good work, dear friends. May God bless you and may you both achieve many more successes in your careers.

  10. License plates location based on block projection and semantic restrictions%基于分块投影和语义约束的车牌定位算法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周欣; 蒋欣荣; 潘薇

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents a novel algorithm for license plates location. The input image is segmented by block projec-tion to obtain potential regions with plate characters. It picks up candidate regions of plates by clustering those potential regions with semantic restrictions. False plate regions are deleted according to texture characteristic. 3000 images are pro-cessed with an accuracy of 97.1%. At the same time, the average time is less than 35 ms. The results prove that the algo-rithm is effective enough to support real-time license plate recognition.%以提高车牌定位实时性和同时搜索多个车牌为目的,研究并提出一种基于分块投影和语义约束的车牌快速定位算法,通过投影分割处理得到候选车牌字符块,根据语义约束对字符块进行聚类得到候选车牌区域,根据纹理特征过滤伪车牌。对3000幅图像进行实验,定位成功率为97.1%,平均定位时间小于35 ms。实验证明这种算法适应性强、速度快,能够满足车牌实时识别的需求。

  11. Reader Response in Perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sloan, Glenna

    2002-01-01

    Presents an overview of critical theory to show how the method of Reader Response evolved. Discusses theories of reading and the reader; variations within reader response; and implementing reader response in literacy programs. Includes a brief response by Robert E. Probst. (RS)

  12. Design of embedded license plate recognition system based on Cortex-A8%基于Cortex-A8的嵌入式车牌识别系统设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张涛; 王剑魁; 张国山; 刘丽

    2015-01-01

    车牌识别(License Plate Recognition, LPR)是智能交通系统(Intelligent Transport System, ITS)需要解决的重点问题之一,目前的车牌识别系统基本上是以PC机为平台实现的,在成本、体积、灵活性等方面有很大局限性。针对这一问题,设计了一种基于ARM嵌入式平台的车牌识别系统,并针对嵌入式平台改进和优化了车牌识别相关算法,经试验证明本系统不仅准确性好,而且成本低、体积小、功能可扩展性强。%License Plate Recognition (LPR) is one of the most important problems that need to be solved in the Intelligent Transport System (ITS). The current LPRs are mainly designed on the platform of personal computer, which have great limitations in terms of cost, volume and flexibility. Concerning this issue, a LPR is designed on the platform of embedded system based on ARM processor in this paper. And the relative algorithm about plate location and character recognition is improved. Experimental results show that this system is not only accurate, but also has these features such as low-cost, small size, height flexibility, and its function can be extended easily.

  13. 汽车拼焊板全自动激光焊接系统%Auto spell system of welding plate automatic laser welding

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李斌; 郭涟; 郭平华; 王征; 钟如涛

    2013-01-01

    Has been widely used in automobile manufacturing laser tailor-welded blanks TWBs.the technology can not only reduce the manufacturing cost,vehicle logistics cost,vehicle weight,assembly tolerance,fuel consumption and scrap rate,but also can reduce the number of external reinforcement,simplify the assembly steps,at the same time the collision capability,stamping forming rate and corrosion resistance improving vehicle.A systematic research of automatic laser welding system and welding plate cars,with high precision,fast,flexible magnetic adsorption device for clamping the workpiece and laser cutting-welding integration process,the quality of welding expert database,the integration of online inspection quality detection and tracking system.To realize the full automatic laser tailor integrated with automatic control system of welding production line,realized in a production line of high quality,high efficiency,line,curve and linear range for various types of sheet metal welding.%激光拼焊板已广泛应用于汽车制造业,采用激光拼焊板工艺不仅能够降低整车的制造成本、物流成本、整车重量、装配公差、油耗和废品率,而且可以减少外围加强件数量,简化装配步骤,同时提高车辆的碰撞能力、冲压成型率和抗腐能力.系统研究了汽车拼焊板全自动激光拼焊系统,采用高精度、快速、柔性电磁吸附装置夹紧工件以及激光切割-焊接一体化加工工艺,建立了焊接质量专家数据库,集成了在线检质量检测与焊缝跟踪系统.实现全自动激光拼焊生产线集成与自动控制系统,实现在一条生产线上高质、高效率地进行直线、折线、曲线以及不等厚板多种类型板材的拼焊.

  14. An algorithm for automatic crystal identification in pixelated scintillation detectors using thin plate splines and Gaussian mixture models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schellenberg, Graham; Stortz, Greg; Goertzen, Andrew L.

    2016-02-01

    A typical positron emission tomography detector is comprised of a scintillator crystal array coupled to a photodetector array or other position sensitive detector. Such detectors using light sharing to read out crystal elements require the creation of a crystal lookup table (CLUT) that maps the detector response to the crystal of interaction based on the x-y position of the event calculated through Anger-type logic. It is vital for system performance that these CLUTs be accurate so that the location of events can be accurately identified and so that crystal-specific corrections, such as energy windowing or time alignment, can be applied. While using manual segmentation of the flood image to create the CLUT is a simple and reliable approach, it is both tedious and time consuming for systems with large numbers of crystal elements. In this work we describe the development of an automated algorithm for CLUT generation that uses a Gaussian mixture model paired with thin plate splines (TPS) to iteratively fit a crystal layout template that includes the crystal numbering pattern. Starting from a region of stability, Gaussians are individually fit to data corresponding to crystal locations while simultaneously updating a TPS for predicting future Gaussian locations at the edge of a region of interest that grows as individual Gaussians converge to crystal locations. The algorithm was tested with flood image data collected from 16 detector modules, each consisting of a 409 crystal dual-layer offset LYSO crystal array readout by a 32 pixel SiPM array. For these detector flood images, depending on user defined input parameters, the algorithm runtime ranged between 17.5-82.5 s per detector on a single core of an Intel i7 processor. The method maintained an accuracy above 99.8% across all tests, with the majority of errors being localized to error prone corner regions. This method can be easily extended for use with other detector types through adjustment of the initial

  15. Improved Support Vector Machine Approach Based on Determining Thresholds Automatically

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Xiao-hua; YAN Xue-mei; WANG Xiao-guang

    2007-01-01

    To improve the training speed of support vector machine (SVM), a method called improved center distance ratio method (ICDRM) with determining thresholds automatically is presented here without reduce the identification rate. In this method border vectors are chosen from the given samples by comparing sample vectors with center distance ratio in advance. The number of training samples is reduced greatly and the training speed is improved. This method is used to the identification for license plate characters. Experimental results show that the improved SVM method-ICDRM does well at identification rate and training speed.

  16. 基于权系数标识符矩阵的车牌字符识别方法%License plate character recognition based on weight coefficient identifier matrix

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李志敏; 籍美苹; 薛平; 戴高; 谢仙宝

    2013-01-01

    为了提高对车牌字符的准确识别能力,提出了一种基于权系数标识符矩阵的模板匹配车牌字符识别方法。具体方法是在进行字符识别前为每一个车牌字符制定一个标准化的模板,再将每一个模板字符的像素依据像素区域、像素边缘区域和非像素及非像素边缘区域等标记成不同的区域,并依此为基准生成一个模板矩阵。根据车牌字符闭合区域个数及字符二值图像中间行、中间列黑白跳变次数,可将字符分为10类。进行字符识别时,首先判定待识别字符属于哪一类,然后与所在类的每一个字符的标准模板进行匹配,统计待识别字符落在每一个标准模板矩阵的不同区域的像素数,并根据不同区域的不同权值计算相似度值,相似度值最大的即为识别结果。该方法采用两级分类法对车牌字符图像进行分类,再采用基于权系数标识符矩阵的模板匹配法对车牌字符进行识别。实验结果表明,该方法提高了识别结果的准确度,对于存在字符断裂以及形状相似而容易混淆的字符有较好的识别效果。%In order to improve the accuracy of license plate recognition,a license plate character recognition method matching with a template based on weight coefficient identifier matrix is proposed. The specific method is to develop a standardized tem-plate for each license plate character before character recognition. Each standard template character is divided into three parts:pixel area,pixel edge region,non pixel and non-pixel edge region,which is taken as a criterion to generate a template matrix. According to the black-to-white jump times of number and character binary image in the middle row and middle line,the quanti-ty of pixles which drops down on different areas of each standardized template matrix from characters under recognition is count-ed. The similarity value depends on the weights on the area is

  17. "Readers Forum" in Shanghai

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1999-01-01

    On 23 April in Shanghai, a "Readers Forum" was held by Women of China to promote contact and exchangewith our readers and improve our work. It was a great honor that some of our foreign women readers, who areliving in Shanghai with their families on business at present, joined us, and nine of them made speeches at theforum. Moreover, two readers who couldn’t attend the forum in person, accepted a telephone interview. Shown hereare their kind comments and suggestions for our magazine.

  18. Occupational Licensing

    OpenAIRE

    Morris M. Kleiner

    2000-01-01

    The study of the regulation of occupations has a long and distinguished tradition in economics. In this paper, I present the central arguments and unresolved issues involving the costs and benefits of occupational licensing. The main benefits that are suggested for occupational licensing involve improving quality for those persons receiving the service. In contrast, the costs attributed to this labor market institution are that it restricts the supply of labor to the occupation and thereby dr...

  19. Teachers as Readers: Building Communities of Readers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cremin, Teresa; Mottram, Marilyn; Collins, Fiona; Powell, Sacha; Safford, Kimberly

    2009-01-01

    Given the narrow scope of primary teachers' knowledge and use of children's literature identified in Phase I of "Teachers as Readers" (2006-2007), the core goal of the Phase II project was to improve teachers' knowledge and experience of such literature in order to help them increase children's motivation and enthusiasm for reading,…

  20. Romancing the YA Reader.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Charles, John; Mosley, Shelley; Bouricius, Ann

    1999-01-01

    Discusses the romance genre and provides guidelines for librarians with high school aged readers. Highlights include where to find information about the romance genre; the appeal of romance fiction; levels of sex and sensuality; reference tools; subgenres; and authors and titles that may be popular with young adult romance readers. (LRW)

  1. Our Readers and Friends

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1999-01-01

    In Shanghai,a rapidly-developing modern metropolisthere are a lot of foreign women who have moved with theirfamilies to live and work there.During their leisure time theytake sightseeing trips and study Chinese culture,so theybecome readers and friends of our magazine.Recently,at ourReaders Forum in Shanghai,women from the UK,Belgium,the

  2. The StorySpinner Sculptural Reader

    OpenAIRE

    Hooper, Clare; Weal, Mark

    2005-01-01

    This demo is of a hypertext reading system called StorySpinner. It follows the sculptural hypertext methodology and has been used as a test bed for experimenting with the authoring of narrative flow in automatically generated stories. Readers are able to select and read one of two available stories. Reading a story involves selecting tarot cards which are mapped to chunks of story text based on possible interpretations of the cards and information concerning current story state.

  3. Automatic system for measuring the steel plate size based on laser scanning%基于激光扫描的钢板尺寸自动测量系统

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜志华; 熊烽; 刘祥谋

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents a laser-based scanning of automatic measurement scheme in detecting the steel plate size,which uses laser scanners,data acquisition card and industrial control computer,and calculating the steel plate size by picking the boundary points.The experiments show that the scheme has high precision,low cost and good static repeatability.%提出了一种基于激光扫描的钢板尺寸自动测量方案,该方案利用激光扫描仪、数据采集卡和工控机对钢板进行自动测量,并通过拾取钢板的边界特征点来计算钢板尺寸,实验表明,该方案不仅检测精度高、成本低,且输出稳定性好。

  4. 手持显控终端的目标标牌自动布局算法%An automatic placement algorithm of label plates of targets for handheld display and control terminal

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈静波; 刘扬; 牛洁

    2012-01-01

    针对雷达手持显控终端显示屏幕小、目标标牌和点航迹相互重叠影像用户识别的问题,本文提出了一种目标标牌自动布局算法,通过旋转布局的方式可以快速实时地计算标牌位置,在保证标牌靠近目标航迹的基础上,充分避免标牌之间以及标牌和航迹点之间的重叠发生。该算法可以适应雷达不同显示模式的需求,支持雷达常用干预操作。%The screen of the display and control terminal is small, and the label plates, plots and tracks of the targets are overlapped so that the users can hardly identify them. Therefore, an automatic placement algorithm of the label plates of the targets is proposed to solve the problem above. The positions of the label plates can be calculated rapidly and real-timely through the rotating placement. Make sure that the label plates are close to the target tracks, on the basis of which the overlap among the label plates and between the label plates and the tracks is avoided to the full. The algorithm can adapt to the needs of different radar display modes, supporting the common intervention operations.

  5. Using Character Recognition for Plate Localization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lama Hamandi

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, the “character recognition” approach to recognizing a vehicle license plate is used for localizing Saudi license plates. The proposed algorithm filters out all possible objects from the license plate image and focuses on the resulting objects. The coordinates of the center point of the bounding box for these objects is calculated and then possible alignments between these objects are checked. After finding the aligned objects, the recognition algorithms are applied to differentiate the numbers from the letters in the plate.

  6. Nursing: Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Projected Employment, 2024 Change, 2014-24 Employment by Industry Percent Numeric SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment Projections program Licensed practical and licensed vocational ...

  7. To our Readers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ Contemporary International Relations, the English journal published by China Institutes of Contemporary International Relations, is now 15 years old. Since its conception as the first Chinese journal in English covering the field of international relations, it has presented to our readers numerous articles written by the research fellows of our institutes on the subjects of international affairs, international relations, and international relations theories. We have received numerous letters of encouragement and positive comments. We have also gotten letters in which our readers have given their opinions on what they would like to see in this journal. Some readers pointed out to us the mistakes in the translation. Other readers noted the occasional delay in delivery or even missing issues. We are grateful to those who have always supported us. We also feel the need to improve for those who have not been totally satisfied with our journal.

  8. To Our Readers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ Contemporary International Relations, the English journal published by China Institutes of Contemporary International Relations, is now 15 years old. Since its conception as the first Chinese journal in English covering the field of international relations, it has presented to our readers numerous articles written by the research fellows of our institutes on the subjects of international affairs, international relations, and international relations theories. We have received numerous letters of encouragement and positive comments. We have also gotten letters in which our readers have given their opinions on what they would like to see in this journal. Some readers pointed out to us the mistakes in the translation. Other readers noted the occasional delay in delivery or even missing issues. We are grateful to those who have alwayssupported us. We also feel the need to improve for those who have not been totally satisfied with our journal.

  9. To Our Readers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Editor in Ch

    2006-01-01

    @@ Contemporary International Relations, the English journal published by China Institutes of Contemporary International Relations, is now 15 years old. Since its conception as the first Chinese journal in English covering the field of international relations, it has presented to our readers numerous articles written by the research fellows of our institutes on the subjects of international affairs, international relations, and international relations theories. We have received numerous letters of encouragement and positive comments. We have also gotten letters in which our readers have given their opinions on what they would like to see in this journal. Some readers pointed out to us the mistakes in the translation. Other readers noted the occasional delay in delivery or even missing issues. We are grateful to those who have always supported us. We also feel the need to improve for those who have not been totally satisfied with our journal.

  10. PANJABI READER, LEVEL 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    VATUK, VED P.

    THIS SECOND-LEVEL READER IN THE PANJABI LANGUAGE CAN BE USED IN A SECOND- OR THIRD-YEAR COURSE AS A SUPPLEMENT TO CONVERSATIONAL MATERIALS, OR BY ITSELF IN A COURSE ON THE WRITTEN LANGUAGE. THE GRAMMAR APPENDIX INCLUDED IS IDENTICAL TO THAT FOUND IN THE FIRST-LEVEL PANJABI READER (ED 010 485). THE MAIN PORTION OF THE BOOK CONSISTS OF 23 UNITS,…

  11. Letters from Our Readers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1993-01-01

    Since the first publication of Cultural Exchang-China& World in October 1992,we have received a unmber of verykind letters from Chinese and foreign readers giving support andencouagement to this magazine.We would like to take thisopportunity to thank them all and to invite others to write in as well,especially if they have suggestions or criticisms to make.Thefollowing are letters from two of our overseas readers.

  12. Reader Response Approaches and the Growth of Readers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spiegel, Dixie Lee

    1998-01-01

    Outlines what reader response might look like in the classroom. Presents four basic assumptions of reader response theory. Discusses ways reader response approaches to literature help students grow both in the depth and breadth of their responses to literature, and as strategic readers. (SR)

  13. Optimised inductively coupled reader antennas for smart HF RFID systems.

    OpenAIRE

    Soodmand, Soheyl

    2015-01-01

    The Internet of things (IoT) refers to uniquely identifiable objects and their virtual representations in an Internet-like structure to be managed and inventoried by computers. Radio-frequency identification (RFID) - a prerequisite for the IoT - is an automatic way for data transaction in object identification and is used to improve automation, inventory control and checkout operations. An RFID system consists of a reader device and one or several tags. Smart reader systems are...

  14. The Bakhtin Reader The Bakhtin Reader

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helen Reid Thomas

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available The publication of Caryl Emerson’s book The First Hundred Years of Mikhail Bakhtin in December 1997 is an indication that interest in Bakhtin continues to flourish, among both Russian and Western scholars. Emerson’s book traces the interesting differences of attitude and emphasis between these two groups of critics and provides a broad-ranging and scholarly history of Bakhtin studies. The book I am concerned with here, The Bakhtin Reader, though of a different nature and designed for a different audience, is perhaps an even more significant testament to Bakhtin’s extraordinary and continuing influence. The publication of Caryl Emerson’s book The First Hundred Years of Mikhail Bakhtin in December 1997 is an indication that interest in Bakhtin continues to flourish, among both Russian and Western scholars. Emerson’s book traces the interesting differences of attitude and emphasis between these two groups of critics and provides a broad-ranging and scholarly history of Bakhtin studies. The book I am concerned with here, The Bakhtin Reader, though of a different nature and designed for a different audience, is perhaps an even more significant testament to Bakhtin’s extraordinary and continuing influence.

  15. Mid-frequency readers

    OpenAIRE

    Nation, Ian Stephen Paul; Anthony, Laurence

    2013-01-01

    This article describes a new free extensive reading resource for learning the mid-frequency words of English and for reading well known texts with minor vocabulary adaptation. A gap exists between the end of graded readers at around 3,000 word families and the vocabulary size needed to read unsimplified texts at around 8,000 word families. Mid-frequency readers are designed to fill this gap. They consist of texts from Project Gutenberg adapted for learners with a vocabulary size of 4,000 word...

  16. 78 FR 3437 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-16

    ... extend market coverage for companies and may also be available for licensing. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION.... [PMID 18338778] 2. Nandy K, et al. Automatic nuclei segmentation and spatial FISH analysis for...

  17. Understanding Readers' Differing Understandings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kucer, Stephen B.

    2015-01-01

    This research examines the characteristics of reader understandings that vary from those stated in the text. Eighty-seven fourth graders orally read complex academic literary and scientific texts, followed by probed retellings. Retold ideas not directly supported by, or reflective of, the texts were identified. These differing understandings…

  18. Readers of histone modifications

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Miyong Yun; Jun Wu; Jerry L Workman; Bing Li

    2011-01-01

    Histone modifications not only play important roles in regulating chromatin structure and nuclear processes but also can be passed to daughter cells as epigenetic marks.Accumulating evidence suggests that the key function of histone modifications is to signal for recruitment or activity of downstream effectors. Here, we discuss the latest discovery of histone-modification readers and how the modification language is interpreted.

  19. PANJABI READER. LEVEL 1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    VATUK, VED P.

    A FIRST-LEVEL READER IS PRESENTED, PRIMARILY FOR THOSE STUDENTS WHO HAVE A SPEAKING KNOWLEDGE OF PANJABI AND SOME KNOWLEDGE OF PANJABI GRAMMAR. THIS VOLUME CAN BE USED IN A GENERAL PANJABI LANGUAGE COURSE AS A SUPPLEMENT TO CONVERSATIONAL MATERIALS, OR BY ITSELF IN A COURSE ON THE WRITTEN LANGUAGE. A GLOSSARY AND A BRIEF GRAMMATICAL APPENDIX HAVE…

  20. The assessment of writing ability: Expert readers versus lay readers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schoonen, R.; Vergeer, M.; Eiting, M.

    1997-01-01

    This article reports on three studies about the reading reliability of lay and expert readers in rating three kinds of writing assignments. Readers had to rate the Con tent and Language Usage of students' writing performances. The studies show that expert readers are more reliable in rating Usage, w

  1. Readers' Readings: Applications of Reader-Response Theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steiner, Linda

    In the interest of applying reader response theory to journalism this paper posits that readers of newspapers, like readers of literature, take an active role in making meaning from the articles they read, rather than passively accepting news as a finished, static product. Additionally, it proposes that journalism textbooks pay little attention to…

  2. 2015 Business Licenses

    Data.gov (United States)

    City of Jackson, Mississippi — This data displays all business license information for the year of 2015. This information details license classifications and status. This information will updated...

  3. Licensed Healthcare Facilities

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Department of Resources — The Licensed Healthcare Facilities point layer represents the locations of all healthcare facilities licensed by the State of California, Department of Health...

  4. Crash course in readers' advisory

    CERN Document Server

    Orr, Cynthia

    2014-01-01

    One of the key services librarians provide is helping readers find books they'll enjoy. This ""crash course"" will furnish you with the basic, practical information you need to excel at readers' advisory (RA) for adults and teens.

  5. To Our Readers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Editor in Chief

    2006-01-01

    @@ Contemporary International Relations, the English journal published by China Institutes of Contemporary International Relations, is now 15 years old. Since its conception as the first Chinese journal in English covering the field of international relations, it has presented to our readers numerous articles written by the research fellows of our institutes on the subjects of international affairs, international relations, and international relations theories. We have received numerous letters of encouragement and positive comments.

  6. Word Processing in Dyslexics: An Automatic Decoding Deficit?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yap, Regina; Van Der Leu, Aryan

    1993-01-01

    Compares dyslexic children with normal readers on measures of phonological decoding and automatic word processing. Finds that dyslexics have a deficit in automatic phonological decoding skills. Discusses results within the framework of the phonological deficit and the automatization deficit hypotheses. (RS)

  7. VEHICLES LICENSED IN SWITZERLAND

    CERN Multimedia

    Service des Relations avec les Pays-Hôtes

    2000-01-01

    1.\tVehicle licensinga)\tTime limitsVehicles must have a Swiss registration document and Swiss number plates: -\tif the owner has been residing in Switzerland for more than one year without a break of more than three consecutive months and has been using it for more than one month on Swiss territory, or -\tif the vehicle itself has been on Swiss territory for more than one year without a break of more than three consecutive months. b)\tTechnical details Vehicles belonging to non-Swiss members of the personnel who hold a carte de légitimation issued by the Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs (hereinafter referred to as 'DFAE') and who were not permanently resident in Switzerland before taking up their appointment may be licensed in Switzerland with virtually no restrictions provided that their owner produces: -\tthe vehicle registration document and number plates of the country in which the car was previously registered, or -\ta manufacturer's certi...

  8. Chipless RFID reader architecture

    CERN Document Server

    Karmakar, Nemai Chandra; Kalansuriya, Prasanna

    2013-01-01

    In the era of information communication technology (ICT), radio frequency identification (RFID) has been going through tremendous development. RFID technology has the potential of replacing barcodes due to its large information carrying capacity, flexibility in operations, and applications. The deployment of RFID has been hindered by its cost. However, with the advent of low powered ICs, energy scavenging techniques, and low-cost chipless tags, RFID technology has achieved significant development. This book addresses the new reader architecture, presents fundamentals of chipless RFID systems,

  9. Bytes, Books and Readers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Krista Stinne Greve

    2016-01-01

    Geschichte von Editionen und der Entwicklung der Digital Humanities besonderes Augenmerk geschenkt, um zu demonstrieren, wie bedeutsam die Analyse der Überlieferung und der Textbegriff für die Geschichte von Editionen sind. Beispiele aus Alastair McKinnons erster digitaler Edition von Soren Kierkegaards......In diesem Beitrag werden Ergebnisse aus der Dissertation der Autorin Bytes, Books, and Readers. A Historical Analysis of the Transition from Printed to Digital Scholarly Editions Focusing on ‘The Writings of Søren Kierkegaard’ (2015) vorgestellt. Dabei wird dem Wechselverhältnis zwischen der...

  10. From the Chemistry Lab to Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Savino, Joseph M.; Street, Kenneth W.; Philipp, Warren H.

    1998-01-01

    This is a story of technology maturation and transfer, and licensing. It traces the history of the recently patented ion- exchange material (IEM) from the accidental discovery that this polymer, a battery separator of marginal performance, picked up copper from distilled water passing through corroded copper tubing in the laboratory, to a point where five organizations and one individual have applied for licenses to manufacture and market it or to use it in a wide variety of applications. This story discusses in detail the problems of converting an immature technology into a mature and eventually commercialized technology, without dedicated resources. Readers will develop an appreciation for how the obstacles to maturation and licensing of the technology were faced and overcome. The lessons learned will be discussed, with the hope of enhancing the technology transfer process.

  11. Narrative tension analysis: reader`s and text aspects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Анна Вениаминовна Лещенко

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available In this article narrative tension is conceptualized as a complex cognitive and affective phenomenon being analysed in two dimensions: psychological and textological. In the receptive and psychological framework narrative tension is considered as reader`s psychological response to the fictional events of the storyworld. In modern text theory narrative tension is thought as a specific narrative strategy represented by definite narrative structures inducing the particular emotional state of the reader

  12. 公物理论视角下的尾号限行*--反思与重塑%Traffic Restrictions Based on the Last Digit of License Plate Numbers Under Perspective of Public Property Theory:Reflection and Reconstruction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周许阳

    2016-01-01

    环境法上针对尾号限行的授权,并不足以支撑其正当性。因为这种“污染防治手段”事实上还具有“交通管制”与“物权限制”的效果。学界现有讨论集中于公权对私有财产权的限制问题,却忽略了尾号限行是针对“特定道路”,而非“不特定车辆”作出的事实。对此,公物理论架起了机动车价值发挥与道路使用的桥梁,并逻辑自洽地将尾号限行的行为形式、内容、效果作为公物管理权的运作过程而纳入。如将尾号限行理解为“道路管理行为”,则其合法性来自于国家对道路的所有权或《公路法》第8条第2款的概括性管理权。尽管这种正当性根据要受到“交通目的”的限制,但却是对基于“污染防治目的”作出的限行行为正当性的补充。%The authorization of the environmental law to the traffic restrictions based on the last digit of license plate numbers is not sufficient to support its legitimacy, because this restriction is not only an ‘instrument to control air pollution’, but also effect of ‘traffic control’ and ‘restriction on property right’ in fact. The existing related discussions focus on restricting private property right by public right, while neglects the fact that the restriction is for ‘specific road’ instead of ‘unspecified vehicles’. For this, the public property theory acts as a bridge between motor vehicles' value exertion and road usage, and brings the behavior form, content and effect of the restriction under public property management right operation course logically. If the restriction is made of ‘road management behavior’, its legitimacy is from the state's ownership of road or the general management right directly granted by the article 8.2 of the Law of Road. Although such legitimacy is limited to ‘traffic purpose’, it is the supplement to the legitimacy of the restriction behavior made according to

  13. To Our Readers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1992-01-01

    Golden October is a harvest month in China,bringing hope andjoy to people,so it is an appropriate time for us to dedicate,withgood wishes and deep friendship,Cultural Exchange—China World to both Chinese and foreign readers.Today the rising tide of reform and opening to the outside world inChina impels Chinese to pursue novelty and development.Looking tothe future,the Chinese are creating a beautiful life for themselves withunprecedented enthusiasm and ambition.This magazine is born at a timewhen exchanges in various fields between the Chinese people and thepeoples of the world are increasing and relationships are becoming closerand closer.The magazine will work to promote Chinese and foreigncultural exchanges.

  14. 78 FR 70589 - Biweekly Notice; Applications and Amendments to Facility Operating Licenses and Combined Licenses...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-26

    ... Oconee assumes 5 gpm back-leakage from the Reactor Building sump to the BWST. The automatic isolation... National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 805, ``Performance- Based Standard for Fire Protection for... new fire protection licensing basis which complies with the requirements in 10 CFR 50.48(a), 10 CFR...

  15. 10 CFR 72.6 - License required; types of licenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false License required; types of licenses. 72.6 Section 72.6... Provisions § 72.6 License required; types of licenses. (a) Licenses for the receipt, handling, storage, and transfer of spent fuel or high-level radioactive waste are of two types: general and specific. Licenses...

  16. State Licenses & Permits

    Data.gov (United States)

    Small Business Administration — Starting a business? Confused about whether you need a business license or permit? Virtually every business needs some form of license or permit to operate legally....

  17. Technology licensing in China

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wang, Yuandi; Li-Ying, Jason; Chen, Jin

    2015-01-01

    We explore the landscape of technology licensing among Chinese entities in the period 2000–12, using a unique database on technological licensing from the State Intellectual Property Office of China. We find that: first, among Chinese licensee organizations, firms have dominated in terms...... of the number of licensed technologies; second, the geographical distribution of licensed technologies among the provinces has gradually reached a new quantitative balance; third, utility models are the most popular technologies to be licensed and the majority of technology licensing in China has been between...... Chinese entities, and most transactions have been local within provinces; and finally, Chinese firms have gradually in-licensed newer and newer technologies, but the technologies in-licensed from foreign sources are by no means state-of-the-art. We make several suggestions for innovation policy...

  18. Shifting Perspectives on Struggling Readers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Primeaux, Joan

    2000-01-01

    Draws on social constructivist theory to present principles of reading instruction for struggling readers. Focuses on three social constructivist-based components that have been used successfully with struggling readers to enhance their reading instruction: a responsive literacy environment, explicit comprehension-strategy instruction, and time…

  19. The Routledge Applied Linguistics Reader

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Li, Ed.

    2011-01-01

    "The Routledge Applied Linguistics Reader" is an essential collection of readings for students of Applied Linguistics. Divided into five sections: Language Teaching and Learning, Second Language Acquisition, Applied Linguistics, Identity and Power and Language Use in Professional Contexts, the "Reader" takes a broad…

  20. THE E-READER BOOM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YU SHUJUN

    2010-01-01

    @@ The fire Amazon.com Inc.'s Kindle has kindled in the United States has spread to China. But it's not a buying spree of Kindle products, which aren't being sold here, but a manufacturing frenzy of Kindle-like products——electronicbook readers (e-readers).

  1. The Routledge Applied Linguistics Reader

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Li, Ed.

    2011-01-01

    "The Routledge Applied Linguistics Reader" is an essential collection of readings for students of Applied Linguistics. Divided into five sections: Language Teaching and Learning, Second Language Acquisition, Applied Linguistics, Identity and Power and Language Use in Professional Contexts, the "Reader" takes a broad interpretation of the subject…

  2. Readers Responding--And Then?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hansson, Gunnar

    1992-01-01

    Argues that recognition of the reader's role in the production of meanings in literary works has major consequences for the theory, research, and teaching of literature. Discusses the need to include the reader's role when writing the history of literature; develop new language for the description of the meanings of works; and develop new models…

  3. Automatic sequences

    CERN Document Server

    Haeseler, Friedrich

    2003-01-01

    Automatic sequences are sequences which are produced by a finite automaton. Although they are not random they may look as being random. They are complicated, in the sense of not being not ultimately periodic, they may look rather complicated, in the sense that it may not be easy to name the rule by which the sequence is generated, however there exists a rule which generates the sequence. The concept automatic sequences has special applications in algebra, number theory, finite automata and formal languages, combinatorics on words. The text deals with different aspects of automatic sequences, in particular:· a general introduction to automatic sequences· the basic (combinatorial) properties of automatic sequences· the algebraic approach to automatic sequences· geometric objects related to automatic sequences.

  4. Licensing of Practices

    CERN Document Server

    2001-01-01

    All practices are licensed by Radiation Protection Centre (RPC). RPC verifies if license seeker is prepares to work with sources in an adequate and safe manner. Types of licences defined in the Republic of Lithuania are listed. Data on the number of licensees and of licenses issued in 1999-2001 is presented.

  5. Absolute viscosity measured using instrumented parallel plate system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Broyles, H. H.

    1967-01-01

    An automatic system measures the true average shear viscosity of liquids and viscoelastic materials, using the parallel plate method and automatically displays the results on a graphic record. This eliminates apparatus setup and extensive calculations.

  6. Narrative tension analysis: reader`s and text aspects

    OpenAIRE

    Анна Вениаминовна Лещенко

    2016-01-01

    In this article narrative tension is conceptualized as a complex cognitive and affective phenomenon being analysed in two dimensions: psychological and textological. In the receptive and psychological framework narrative tension is considered as reader`s psychological response to the fictional events of the storyworld. In modern text theory narrative tension is thought as a specific narrative strategy represented by definite narrative structures inducing the particular emotional state of the ...

  7. Article Details Copyright Statement: This is an open access article licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, even commercially as long as the original work is properly cited. Automatic Approach for Word Sense Disambiguation Using Genetic Algorithms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Bushra Kh. AlSaidi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Word sense disambiguation (WSD is a significant field in computational linguistics as it is indispensable for many language understanding applications. Automatic processing of documents is made difficult because of the fact that many of the terms it contain ambiguous. Word Sense Disambiguation (WSD systems try to solve these ambiguities and find the correct meaning. Genetic algorithms can be active to resolve this problem since they have been effectively applied for many optimization problems. In this paper, genetic algorithms proposed to solve the word sense disambiguation problem that can automatically select the intended meaning of a word in context without any additional resource. The proposed algorithm is evaluated on a collection of documents and produce's a lot of sense to the ambiguities word, the system creates dynamic, and up-todate word sense in a highly automatic method.

  8. Writing for the Invisible Reader.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garden, Nancy

    2000-01-01

    Discusses the role of the lesbian writer in addressing the invisibility of teenage readers. Argues that writing about homosexuality is a matter of presenting it rather than promoting it. Includes a review of "The Year they Burned the Books." (NH)

  9. Choosing the Right Basal Reader.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robbins, Ruth H.

    1980-01-01

    Looks at factors in the textbook publishing industry, especially costs and censorship, which affect the quality of available reading series. Notes the problem of readability and content bias. Finally, presents a checklist of basal reader evaluation criteria. (SJL)

  10. Measuring with the spiral reader

    CERN Multimedia

    1974-01-01

    The spiral reader shown here was at the time, together with the Shivamatic scanning system, the basic equipment used for measuring bubble chamber pictures. Anne Anton sits at the table. (See Photo Archive 7408343.)

  11. Readers Theatre: A different approach to English for struggling readers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ion Drew

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available This article presents a study of the use of Readers Theatre in English lessons with groups of academically-challenged pupils in a Norwegian lower secondary school. The study is based on the teacher’s logs, interviews with the teacher, a questionnaire answered by the pupils, and lesson observations. Readers Theatre, a group reading activity that can be used with a wide range of texts, was successfully incorporated into the curriculum with relatively small ‘fordypning’ (specialisation groups in English. These pupils had opted for more English lessons instead of learning a second foreign language. Most of them struggled with English as their first foreign language and were struggling readers. However, the majority of the pupils experienced Readers Theatre as both enjoyable and educational. The experience had a positive effect on their confidence and motivation to read. It also helped to improve their reading fluency and accuracy, for example pronunciation, and facilitated growth in vocabulary. The experience of practising and performing as a group was especially satisfying and motivating for the pupils involved. The majority were keen to participate in other Readers Theatre projects.

  12. Aesthetics of reception, Jauss, implied reader and actual reader.

    OpenAIRE

    Jefferson Cleiton de Souza

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to discuss how Hans Robert Jauss, the creator of the aesthetics of reception, has introduced the category of the reader into the literary studies especially when it comes to the importance of the reader to the understanding of the text, and to the history of a society and its literary system or, in other words to the way the formal elements of a literary work are organized and how they are related to aesthetic, ethic and moral evaluations. To do so, it is necessary to...

  13. Readers' Theatre as a History Teaching Tool.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harmon, Sandra D.; Riney-Kehrberg, Pamela; Westbury, Susan

    1999-01-01

    Describes the production of a readers' theater version of the first women's rights convention held at Seneca Falls, New York (includes script). Discusses the benefits of readers' theater for studying women's history and encouraging female student class participation; strategies for using readers' theater; and students creating their own readers'…

  14. The Analysis of the Cost and Benefit About Government Regulation Under the Administrative Law---Taking License Plate Limit in Six Cities as the Example%行政法下政府规制成本与收益分析--以全国六个城市的限牌令为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖丽环

    2015-01-01

    限牌令的本质是政府规制工具当中的命令控制型工具,也是行政特许的一种。尽管就适当性原则的目的审查而言,限牌令的施行有合理的现实需求和考虑,但就合法性审查而言,仍然遭遇规制主体不独立、程序不合法的困境。探究限牌令是否在其他城市具有可复制性,要借助政府规制的成本与效益分析。具体而言,成本分析应考虑规制工具的选择因素以及立法、执法成本;效益分析应着重于风险和收益的平衡。据此,在中国语境下,政府规制应立足于提高规制型公共政策的可接受性、加强公私协力和自主规制在社会管理中的应用、发展公众参与型行政、完善替代性方案。%License plate limit in essence is one of the government regulation tools—command and control tool, which also belongs to the administrative franchise.Although license plate limit has reasonable practical needs from purpose review of rational principle, in terms of legality review, some problems still remain unsolved:lack of inde-pendent regulatory body and the legal procedure.As for whether or not license plate limit can be copied in other cities, the analysis of the cost and benefit about government regulation becomes vital.Specifically, the cost analysis should consider choice of a regulatory tool and the cost of legislation and enforcement while benefit analysis should focus on the balance between risks and benefits.Accordingly, under Chinese context, government regulation must be based on improving the acceptability of the public policy regulation, strengthening the application of public-private partnership and the independent regulation in social management, developing the administration with the participation of the public and perfecting the plans for alternative.

  15. Product Licenses Database Application

    CERN Document Server

    Tonkovikj, Petar

    2016-01-01

    The goal of this project is to organize and centralize the data about software tools available to CERN employees, as well as provide a system that would simplify the license management process by providing information about the available licenses and their expiry dates. The project development process is consisted of two steps: modeling the products (software tools), product licenses, legal agreements and other data related to these entities in a relational database and developing the front-end user interface so that the user can interact with the database. The result is an ASP.NET MVC web application with interactive views for displaying and managing the data in the underlying database.

  16. Allegheny County Dog Licenses

    Data.gov (United States)

    Allegheny County / City of Pittsburgh / Western PA Regional Data Center — A list of dog license dates, dog breeds, and dog name by zip code. Currently this dataset does not include City of Pittsburgh dogs.

  17. Microcomputer-Controlled Reader Systems for Archaeological and Geological TL Dating

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bøtter-Jensen, Lars; Mejdahl, V.

    1984-01-01

    and printout of glow curves is achieved. The basic design of the automated reader system incorporates a 24-position microprocessor-controlled sample changer and a beta irradiator. The system automatically provides the data for constructing the primary and secondary response curves required for determining...

  18. Differences in Text Structure and Its Implications for Assessment of Struggling Readers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deane, Paul; Sheehan, Kathleen M.; Sabatini, John; Futagi, Yoko; Kostin, Irene

    2006-01-01

    One source of potential difficulty for struggling readers is the variability of texts across grade levels. This article explores the use of automatic natural language processing techniques to identify dimensions of variation within a corpus of school-appropriate texts. Specifically, we asked: Are there identifiable dimensions of lexical and…

  19. Postmodern theories about readers in electronic environment

    OpenAIRE

    Ivanka Kuić

    2015-01-01

    Introductory part of the paper discusses theories about readers in the last decades of the 20th century. In particular, two big theoretical schools are discussed: aesthetic reception theory and reader-response-criticism movement. Readers are a subject of very different scientific disciplines: literature theory, sociology, anthropology, book history and library science. The idea that a reader is an essential subject for future life of a literary work is common to all theorists. By constructing...

  20. 38 CFR 21.150 - Reader service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... reader should have an understanding of the subject matter based upon prior training or experience which... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Reader service. 21.150... Special Rehabilitation Services § 21.150 Reader service. (a) Limitations on vision. A veteran...

  1. The Reader's Devices: The affordances of ebook readers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heather MacFadyen

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Print books and ebook devices now co-exist in a reading eco-system. The ways in which readers understand and describe their experience of reading on ebook devices is shaped by long-established cultural expectations about the abstract as well as the physical affordances of the print book. Ebook devices cannot help but challenge those expectations. A review of readers’ reactions to the emergence of ebook devices offers a glimpse into the complex cultural position of both the idea and the experience of reading.

  2. Automatic Reading

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡迪

    2007-01-01

    <正>Reading is the key to school success and,like any skill,it takes practice.A child learns to walk by practising until he no longer has to think about how to put one foot in front of the other.The great athlete practises until he can play quickly,accurately and without thinking.Ed- ucators call it automaticity.

  3. Application of Elman Recursive Neural Network to Recognition of Vehicle License Plate%Elman递归神经网络在车牌字符识别中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨晓艳; 李飞; 白艳萍

    2012-01-01

    为了提高车牌自动识别系统的速度和准确度,采用适应性较强的十三特征提取法进行车牌字符的特征提取,将提取的特征向量作为网络的输入;在对网络进行训练时,选用具有一个承接层作为一步延迟算子的动态建模性质比较好的Elman递归神经网络.此网络在权值更新时不仅考虑了当前的梯度方向,而且还考虑了前一时刻的梯度方向,从而降低了网络性能对参数调整的敏感性,有效地抑制了局部极小值的出现.最后与BP网络训练的结果进行对比,结果表明Elman递归神经网络在识别速度和准确度方面都更具优越性.%In order to improve speed and accuracy of automatic vehicle identification system, a 13-characteristic extraction process is used, and the feature vectors are inputted into network.An Elman recursion neural network is selected which including an undertaking layer as a step delay operator.This network when updating the weight value not only considers the current gradient direction, but also considers the former gradient direction, thereby reducing sensitivity of the network performance parameters and effectively suppressing the emergence of local minima.Finally by comparing with BP network training, the results show in the recognition of speed and accuracy the Elman recurrent neural network has more advantages.

  4. Software licenses: Stay honest!

    CERN Multimedia

    Computer Security Team

    2012-01-01

    Do you recall our article about copyright violation in the last issue of the CERN Bulletin, “Music, videos and the risk for CERN”? Now let’s be more precise. “Violating copyright” not only means the illegal download of music and videos, it also applies to software packages and applications.   Users must respect proprietary rights in compliance with the CERN Computing Rules (OC5). Not having legitimately obtained a program or the required licenses to run that software is not a minor offense. It violates CERN rules and puts the Organization at risk! Vendors deserve credit and compensation. Therefore, make sure that you have the right to use their software. In other words, you have bought the software via legitimate channels and use a valid and honestly obtained license. This also applies to “Shareware” and software under open licenses, which might also come with a cost. Usually, only “Freeware” is complete...

  5. 47 CFR 13.17 - Replacement license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL COMMERCIAL RADIO OPERATORS General § 13.17 Replacement... Operator License, Marine Radio Operator Permit, First Class Radiotelegraph Operator's Certificate, Second... Radio Operator's License, Restricted GMDSS Radio Operator License, GMDSS Radio Maintainer's License,...

  6. 42 CFR 431.703 - Licensing requirement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... (CONTINUED) MEDICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS STATE ORGANIZATION AND GENERAL ADMINISTRATION State Programs for Licensing Nursing Home Administrators § 431.703 Licensing requirement. The State licensing program must provide that only nursing homes supervised by an administrator licensed in accordance with...

  7. Digital Content Licensing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schwemer, Sebastian Felix

    -legislative) initiatives, which support the facilitation of multi-territorial licensing and cross-border access to content. It investigates the regulation of two online markets, which have recently been subject to scrutiny by the EU institutions: the audiovisual and the music sector, both addressed by ex ante sector...... and to enable cross-border access, and furthermore that the regulatory interventions to date may have been more driven by a competition and subsidiary a harmonisation agenda than a focus on the consumers and innovative service providers. Keywords: copyright licensing, cross-border access, sector...

  8. Plate tectonics

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Chaubey, A.K.

    Content-Type text/plain; charset=UTF-8 209 Plate Tectonics A. K. Chaubey National Institute of Oceanography, Dona Paula, Goa-403 004. chaubey@nio.org Introduction The theory of continental drift, which paved the way for discovery... of plate tectonics, was put forward by Alfred Lother Wegener - a meteorologist from Germany - in 1912. The theory states that continents are not fixed, but have been slowly wandering during the course of Earth’s geological history. Although Wegener...

  9. Featured Article: Genotation: Actionable knowledge for the scientific reader.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagahawatte, Panduka; Willis, Ethan; Sakauye, Mark; Jose, Rony; Chen, Hao; Davis, Robert L

    2016-06-01

    We present an article viewer application that allows a scientific reader to easily discover and share knowledge by linking genomics-related concepts to knowledge of disparate biomedical databases. High-throughput data streams generated by technical advancements have contributed to scientific knowledge discovery at an unprecedented rate. Biomedical Informaticists have created a diverse set of databases to store and retrieve the discovered knowledge. The diversity and abundance of such resources present biomedical researchers a challenge with knowledge discovery. These challenges highlight a need for a better informatics solution. We use a text mining algorithm, Genomine, to identify gene symbols from the text of a journal article. The identified symbols are supplemented with information from the GenoDB knowledgebase. Self-updating GenoDB contains information from NCBI Gene, Clinvar, Medgen, dbSNP, KEGG, PharmGKB, Uniprot, and Hugo Gene databases. The journal viewer is a web application accessible via a web browser. The features described herein are accessible on www.genotation.org The Genomine algorithm identifies gene symbols with an accuracy shown by .65 F-Score. GenoDB currently contains information regarding 59,905 gene symbols, 5633 drug-gene relationships, 5981 gene-disease relationships, and 713 pathways. This application provides scientific readers with actionable knowledge related to concepts of a manuscript. The reader will be able to save and share supplements to be visualized in a graphical manner. This provides convenient access to details of complex biological phenomena, enabling biomedical researchers to generate novel hypothesis to further our knowledge in human health. This manuscript presents a novel application that integrates genomic, proteomic, and pharmacogenomic information to supplement content of a biomedical manuscript and enable readers to automatically discover actionable knowledge.

  10. Understanding Licensing Behavior

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cabaleiro, Goretti; Moreira, Solon; Reichstein, Toke

    The potential for rent dissipation has been argued to be the main cause of firms? licensing out behavior being stifled.However, this aspect has been scarcely studied empirically. We draw on rent dissipation arguments, and hypothesize that firms suffering from the not-invented-here (NIH) syndrome...

  11. A License To Deal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanville, Tom

    1999-01-01

    Discusses consortium-based licensing as a means of meeting libraries' information resources needs. Topics include information needs, the need for more affordable information, requirements for libraries and for vendors, competition across disciplines, saving money, pricing and market practices, experiences at OhioLINK, and future possibilities.…

  12. A Sign Language Screen Reader for Deaf

    Science.gov (United States)

    El Ghoul, Oussama; Jemni, Mohamed

    Screen reader technology has appeared first to allow blind and people with reading difficulties to use computer and to access to the digital information. Until now, this technology is exploited mainly to help blind community. During our work with deaf people, we noticed that a screen reader can facilitate the manipulation of computers and the reading of textual information. In this paper, we propose a novel screen reader dedicated to deaf. The output of the reader is a visual translation of the text to sign language. The screen reader is composed by two essential modules: the first one is designed to capture the activities of users (mouse and keyboard events). For this purpose, we adopted Microsoft MSAA application programming interfaces. The second module, which is in classical screen readers a text to speech engine (TTS), is replaced by a novel text to sign (TTSign) engine. This module converts text into sign language animation based on avatar technology.

  13. Improving Cluster Analysis with Automatic Variable Selection Based on Trees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-12-01

    ANALYSIS WITH AUTOMATIC VARIABLE SELECTION BASED ON TREES by Anton D. Orr December 2014 Thesis Advisor: Samuel E. Buttrey Second Reader...DATES COVERED Master’s Thesis 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE IMPROVING CLUSTER ANALYSIS WITH AUTOMATIC VARIABLE SELECTION BASED ON TREES 5. FUNDING NUMBERS 6...2006 based on classification and regression trees to address problems with determining dissimilarity. Current algorithms do not simultaneously address

  14. [Readers' position against induced abortion].

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-08-25

    Replies to the request by the Journal of Nursing on readers' positions against induced abortion indicate there is a definite personal position against induced abortion and the assistance in this procedure. Some writers expressed an emotional "no" against induced abortion. Many quoted arguments from the literature, such as a medical dictionary definition as "a premeditated criminally induced abortion." The largest group of writers quoted from the Bible, the tenor always being: "God made man, he made us with his hands; we have no right to make the decision." People with other philosophies also objected. Theosophical viewpoint considers reincarnation and the law of cause and effect (karma). This philosophy holds that induced abortion impedes the appearance of a reincarnated being. The fundamental question in the abortion problem is, "can the fetus be considered a human life?" The German anatomist Professor E. Bleckschmidt points out that from conception there is human life, hence the fertilized cell can only develop into a human being and is not merely a piece of tissue. Professional nursing interpretation is that nursing action directed towards killing of a human being (unborn child) is against the nature and the essence of the nursing profession. A different opinion states that a nurse cares for patients who have decided for the operation. The nurse doesn't judge but respects the individual's decision. Some proabortion viewpoints considered the endangering of the mother's life by the unborn child, and the case of rape. With the arguments against abortion the question arises how to help the woman with unwanted pregnancy. Psychological counseling is emphasized as well as responsible and careful assistance. Referral to the Society for Protection of the Unborn Child (VBOK) is considered as well as other agencies. Further reader comments on this subject are solicited.

  15. E-book Reader Devices and Libraries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pažur, I.

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Most library studies thematically related to electronic books don't consider readers of electronic books. Only in recent years librarians conduct studies in which they want to find out readers' opinions about the possibilities, advantages and disadvantages of reading using e-readers, as well as their possible application in the libraries.User studies of e-readers have shown that their opinion is generally positive, but great attachment to traditional books is still present, e-readers are still seen only as an additional tool for reading. Sony with its e-reader (the latest Reader model Daily and Reader Store online bookstore (http://ebookstore.sony.com/is the only one who cooperate with libraries and has made lending electronic books possible. Cooperation was launched in 2009th,and the New York Public Library was the first library that offered such a service.Cooperation between Sony and libraries, indicates clearly what the near future could be if other online booksellers / publishers begin to follow the model of lending e-books through the libraries over the network. However it is possible that a large online bookstores / publishers consider that the further price reduction of e-readers and electronic books will constantly increase their sales, and in that case lending e-books will be unnecessary.Are the libraries ready for this scenario?

  16. Reader Response Theory and Classroom Practices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bush, Harold K., Jr.

    1994-01-01

    Presents annotations of nine journal articles, monographs, and "learning packages" (published between 1989 and 1993) that examine teaching approaches founded upon the insights of reader response theory. (RS)

  17. Automatic Coding of Short Text Responses via Clustering in Educational Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zehner, Fabian; Sälzer, Christine; Goldhammer, Frank

    2016-01-01

    Automatic coding of short text responses opens new doors in assessment. We implemented and integrated baseline methods of natural language processing and statistical modelling by means of software components that are available under open licenses. The accuracy of automatic text coding is demonstrated by using data collected in the "Programme…

  18. How Does a Reader Make a Poem Meaningful? Reader-Response Theory and the Poetry Portfolio.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tompkins, Sandra Lee

    1997-01-01

    Describes how a reader-response approach can help students construct a portfolio of readings that reflects their development as poetry readers. Describes using a reader-response journal, communal learning activities, and a portfolio to create a recursive process through which students develop a better understanding of how poetry works. Discusses…

  19. Reader-Centered Technical Writing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Narayanan, M.

    2012-12-01

    Technical writing is an essential part of professional communication and in recent years it has shifted from a genre-based approach. Formerly, technical writing primarily focused on generating templates of documents and sometimes it was creating or reproducing traditional forms with minor modifications and updates. Now, technical writing looks at the situations surrounding the need to write. This involves deep thinking about the goals and objectives of the project on hand. Furthermore, one observes that it is very important for any participatory process to have the full support of management. This support needs to be well understood and believed by employees. Professional writing may be very persuasive in some cases. When presented in the appropriate context, technical writing can persuade a company to improve work conditions ensuring employee safety and timely production. However, one must recognize that lot of professional writing still continues to make use of reports and instruction manuals. Normally, technical and professional writing addresses four aspects. Objective: The need for generating a given professionally written technical document and the goals the document is expected to achieve and accomplish. Clientele: The clientele who will utilize the technical document. This may include the people in the organization. This may also include "unintended readers." Customers: The population that may be affected by the content of the technical document generated. This includes the stakeholders who will be influenced. Environment: The background in which the document is created. Also, the nature of the situation that warranted the generation of the document. Swiss Psychologist Jean Piaget's view of Learning focuses on three aspects. The author likes to extend Jean Piaget's ideas to students, who are asked to prepare and submit Reader-Centered Technical Writing reports and exercises. Assimilation: Writers may benefit specifically, by assimilating a new object into

  20. License to Learn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leone, Maria Isabella; Boccardelli, Paolo; Reichstein, Toke;

    2016-01-01

    This article introduces the distinction between thin and thick contracts to the investigation of licensing-in as a mechanism for technological learning. Thick contracts include a clause specifying that the licensors are obligated to assist the licensees in assimilating and integrating....... Licensees that are more familiar with the licensed technology are in less need of assistance from the licensors to assimilate and integrate the knowledge. However, this substitution effect is neutralized once the hurdle of invention has been overcome, meaning that the licensees have succeeded to ignite...... the technology. Drawing on a sample of 133 licensees and an equal number of matched nonlicensees, we present empirical evidence that thick contracts propel the licensees' likelihood of introducing new inventions. It is also found that thick contracts act as a substitute for licensees' absorptive capacity...

  1. Planning Behaviour in Good and Poor Readers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahapatra, Shamita

    2016-01-01

    A group of 50 good readers and a group of 50 poor readers of Grade 5 matched for age and intelligence and selected on the basis of their proficiency in reading comprehension were tested for their competence in word reading and the process of planning at three different levels, namely, perceptual, memory and conceptual in order to study the…

  2. Reader responses to literary depictions of rape

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    E.M. Koopman (Emy); M. Hilscher (Michelle); G.C. Cupchik (Gerald)

    2012-01-01

    textabstractThis study explored reader responses to different literary depictions of rape. Four literary excerpts were used and divided as aesthetic versus nonaesthetic (style) and allusive versus explicit (detail). The general question was how readers would react to literary fragments depicting rap

  3. Developing Readers: Lessons from Agatha Christie.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mackey, Margaret

    1991-01-01

    Reminds readers that looking at individual authors rather than dealing in generalizations is a very meaningful approach to increasing an understanding of how reading works by making sense of the text. Discusses how Agatha Christie's writing follows very predictable patterns and may provide useful experiences for novice readers. (MG)

  4. Reader Imposed Structure and Prose Retention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grabe, Mark D.

    1979-01-01

    Two experiments investigated the impact of a reader's perspective on prose learning: (1) subjects read stories from one of two directed perspectives or with no directed perspective; or (2) readers organized and familiarized themselves with a perspective before the perspective was applied to a story. Perspective influenced recall and organization.…

  5. The active reader: what is active?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Woerkum, van C.

    2012-01-01

    How writers can adapt to their readers is an important issue in effective communication strategies, and certainly crucial in the case of functional texts. Therefore, it is necessary to look at how readers are constructed as partners in a communication co-production. This article explores the concept

  6. Advanced Hindi Reader in the Social Sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vatuk, Ved Prakash

    This reader contains 25 selections in standard Hindi by recognized authorities in the major fields of social science; namely sociology, anthropology, folklore, economics, and political science. The writings, evenly divided both in content and style, are intended to give the reader a broad perspective of Indian culture. A 128-page Hindi-English…

  7. Developing Preservice Teachers' Perspectives on Reader Response.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grisham, Dana L.

    2001-01-01

    Examines preservice teachers' developing conceptions of reader response theory, specifically focusing on the importance of aesthetic response to students' engagement with and motivation for reading. Finds that the aesthetic reader stance predominated in students' written responses and discussions; and that written response did not influence the…

  8. An Overview of Reader-Response Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高扬

    2008-01-01

    This paper aims to give a brief introduction to reader-response theory.including its origin,main concepts and general classification. with the following conclusion drawn in the end: reader-response theory. in spite of its subjectivity,has provided a broader horizon for literary criticism due to its variety and openness.

  9. Postmodern theories about readers in electronic environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivanka Kuić

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Introductory part of the paper discusses theories about readers in the last decades of the 20th century. In particular, two big theoretical schools are discussed: aesthetic reception theory and reader-response-criticism movement. Readers are a subject of very different scientific disciplines: literature theory, sociology, anthropology, book history and library science. The idea that a reader is an essential subject for future life of a literary work is common to all theorists. By constructing the theory about a reader, theorists have thought about the reader who uses the conventions of printed text. The issue whether these concepts correspond to electronic surroundings is discussed. Characteristics of the hypertext are emphasized as a new paradigm, and also the issue weather readers enjoys in hypertextual fiction. In conclusion, paper expands the virtual dimension of Isers's theory about interaction between the text and the reader, and also Fish's concept of “interpretative community” which may be constituted on the Internet as a flexible virtual community.

  10. Intermediate Amharic Cultural Reader. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leslau, Wolf

    This reader is intended to provide material for the intermediate-level student of Amharic, as well as to introduce the student to the cultural and social life of Ethiopia. The 39 texts were each prepared by a different student at Haile Selassie I University, thus providing the reader with a variety of language styles. The Amharic texts are…

  11. PressReader User Guide for Android eReader

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Представлено краткое руководство для работы с электронными газетами и журналами на платформе Library PressDisplay на английском языке с помощью Android eReader. "Библиотека ПрессДисплей" - самый большой киоск ежедневной прессы, предлагает полные цифровые копии (больше контента, чем на Google) более 2300 газет и журналов из 100 стран на 54 языках и мнгновенный перевод с 13 языков....

  12. Automatic Plating of Single-line Diagrams for Power Transmission Network Online Theoretical Line Loss Analysis Based on Ant Colony Algorithm%基于蚁群的在线理论线损分析用输电网单线图自动布局

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢志刚; 李学平

    2011-01-01

    输电网在线理论线损分析有时需要根据公共信息模型自动生成电网单线图,此时必须实现电网布局的自动生成;对于大电网,需要较短的求解时间。自动布局一般存在容易陷入局部最优解和求解时间长2种问题。文中将输电网单线图布局转化为二次分配问题,并且采用蚁群算法和3-opt优化,解决了以上问题。考虑可能的并行计算扩展,算法忽略各蚂蚁间的信息素更新,选择局部最优解和全局最优解更新信息素。仿真结果布局清晰,求解时间短,能够满足输电网在线理论线损分析要求。%To meet occasional needs for automatic generation of power network single-line diagrams from the common information model(CIM) in power transmission network online theoretical line loss analysis,it is necessary for the big power network to automatically generate its network layout and ask for rather short solving-time.In view of the problems with automatic plating,namely,local optimum and the long solving time,the plating of single-line diagrams for power transmission networks is transformed into a quadratic assignment problem using the ant colony algorithm with 3-opt optimization.By taking into consideration potential parallel computation,local optimum and global optimum are chosen to update the pheromone while ignoring pheromone updating between ants.Simulation results show that the requirement of the power transmission network online theoretical line loss analysis is met by clear layout and short solving time. This work is supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China(No.61071201) and Natural Science Foundation of Hebei Province(No.F2010001319).

  13. Legal aspects of the players’ agents licensing system in football.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MARIOS PAPALOUKAS

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Sport entities have always tried to protect their autonomy from interventions. This status has been seriously put into question by the authorities of the European Communities and especially by the Court of the European Communities. One of the most recent cases where sport authorities were confronted with European competition law, was about the area of players’ agents licenses. In the present, the reader can find a summary of the famous «Piau Case» (C-171/2005 tackling problems such as whether private organisations like F.I.F.A., whose main statutory purpose is to promote football, have a rule-making power, concerning the issuance of these licenses, taking into consideration that these rules do not have a sport-related object but regulate an economic activity that is peripheral to the sporting activity in question and touch on fundamental freedoms.

  14. Machines as readers: A solution to the copyright problem

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHAMOS Michael I.

    2005-01-01

    Copyright and its international complications have presented a significant barrier to the Universal Digital Library (UDL)'s mission to digitize all the published works of mankind and make them available throughout the world. We discuss the effect of existing copyright treaties and various proposals, such as compulsory licensing and the public lending right that would allow access to copyrighted works without requiring permission of their owners. We argue that these schemes are ineffective for purposes of the UDL. Instead, making use of the international consensus that copyright does not protect facts, information or processes, we propose to scan works digitally to extract their intellectual content, and then generate by machine synthetic works that capture this content, and then translate the generated works automatically into multiple languages and distribute them free of copyright restriction.

  15. Slab Tracking and Controlling on Hot Plate Rolling Line

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚小兰; 邓波; 梁启宏; 李保奎

    2004-01-01

    By studying the slab moving in detail in the plate rolling process, the problem of slab tracking and controlling was solved by using the distributed control system. The problems of rhythm control for the big-complex system, the exchange of manual and automatic operations, the data exchange between the levelⅠ, TCS (technology control system) and levelⅡ, PCS (process control system), are solved. By this way, the automatic level of the plate production line is improved.

  16. Technology Licensing and Firm Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moreira, Solon

    that facilitate or constrain firms' ability to deal with licensed-in technologies have received little attention. This paper starts investigating in a longitudinal setting the effect of technology licensing on the number of patents produced by the licensee within the three years subsequent to the technology...... acquisition. The findings indicate that technology licensing is positively related to the number of inventions produced by the licensee in the years subsequent to the licensing deal. Subsequently, I investigate the moderating effect that organizational slack and myopia have on this main relationship....... The findings also suggest that high levels of Organizational Slack (available financial resources) strengthen the positive effect of licensing on innovation. However, higher levels of Organizational Myopia (the extent to which a firm draws on its own knowledge) can decrease the main effect of licensing....

  17. 47 CFR 78.29 - License period.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false License period. 78.29 Section 78.29... SERVICE Applications and Licenses § 78.29 License period. Licenses for CARS stations will be issued for a period not to exceed five (5) years. On and after February 1, 1966, licenses for CARS stations...

  18. 7 CFR 6.33 - License fee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false License fee. 6.33 Section 6.33 Agriculture Office of... License fee. (a) A fee will be assessed each quota year for each license to defray the Department's costs... preceding the quota year for which the fee is assessed. (b) The license fee for each license issued is...

  19. 47 CFR 5.71 - License period.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false License period. 5.71 Section 5.71...) Applications and Licenses § 5.71 License period. (a) The regular license period for stations in the Experimental Radio Service is either 2 or 5 years. An applicant desiring to apply for a 5-year license...

  20. 47 CFR 1.945 - License grants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false License grants. 1.945 Section 1.945... Applications and Proceedings Application Requirements and Procedures § 1.945 License grants. (a) License grants—auctionable license applications. Procedures for grant of licenses that are subject to competitive...

  1. Pulse plating

    CERN Document Server

    Hansal, Wolfgang E G; Green, Todd; Leisner, Peter; Reichenbach, Andreas

    2012-01-01

    The electrodeposition of metals using pulsed current has achieved practical importance in recent years. Although it has long been known that changes in potential, with or without polarity reversal, can significantly affect the deposition process, the practical application of this has been slow to be adopted. This can largely be explained in terms of the complex relationship between the current regime and its effect on the electrodeposition process. In order to harness these effects, an understanding of the anodic and cathodic electrochemical processes is necessary, together with the effects of polarity reversal and the rate of such reversals. In this new monograph, the basics of metal electrodeposition from solution are laid out in great detail in seven distinct chapters. With this knowledge, the reader is able to predict how a given pulse train profile can be adopted to achieve a desired outcome. Equally important is the choice of a suitable rectifier and the ancillary control circuits to enable pulse platin...

  2. FCC Universal Licensing System (ULS)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Communications Commission — The Universal Licensing System allows electronic filing of applications processed by the Commission. The ULS allows you to indicate the application purpose and radio...

  3. CAV_KO: a Simple 1-D Langrangian Hydrocode for MS EXCEL™ with Automatic Generation of X-T Diagrams

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsembelis, K.; Ramsden, B.; Proud, W. G.; Borg, J.

    2007-12-01

    Hydrocodes are widely used to predict or simulate highly dynamic and transient events such as blast and impact. Codes such as GRIM, CTH or AUTODYN are well developed and involve complex numerical methods and in many cases require a large computing infrastructure. In this paper we present a simple 1-D Langrangian hydrocode developed at the University of Cambridge, called CAV_KO written in Visual Basic. The motivation being to produce a code which, while being relatively simple, is useful for both experimental planning and teaching. The code has been adapted from the original KO code written in FORTRAN by J. Borg, which, in turn, is based on the algorithm developed by Wilkins [1]. The developed GUI within MS Excel™ and the automatic generation of x-t diagrams allow CAV_KO to be a useful tool for quick calculations of plate impact events and teaching purposes. The VB code is licensed under the GNU General Public License and a MS Excel™ spreadsheet containing the code can be downloaded from www.shockphysics.com together with a copy of the user guide.

  4. 自动脱螺纹注塑模液压马达脱螺纹与推板推出动作关系的工程分析%Engineering Analysis for Relations between Actions of Hydraulic MotorUnscrewing and Ejector Plate Ejecting in Automatic Unscrewing Injection Mould

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    畅国帏; 张凤兰

    2015-01-01

    Aiming at the problems of that the hydraulic motor unscrewing speed may not match the ejecting speed of the spring-driven ejector plate in automatic unscrewing injection mould,thus the rules of the hydraulic motor unscrewing actions were discussed,and the rules of the spring-driven ejector plate ejecting actions were also analyzed through kinematics. Through the comparison of these two kinds of rules,it comes to the conclusion that under the conditions that the low speed hydraulic motor type is mainly selected in the practical engineering application,the axial unscrewing speed of the hydraulic motor always restricts the ejecting speed of the spring-driven ejector plate,so they realize restricting synchronization. According to the conclusion,in order to avoid damage to the plastic parts thread,under the mould structure allowing conditions,low stiffness coefficient springs should be chosen in the mould for the ejector plate.%针对自动脱螺纹注塑模具中液压马达脱螺纹速度与弹簧驱动的推板推出速度可能存在不同步的问题,对液压马达脱螺纹动作规律进行了论述,对弹簧驱动的推板推出动作规律进行了运动学分析,通过对这两种动作规律的比较得出了一个结论,即在实际工程应用中选用的液压马达多为低速马达的情况下,液压马达轴向脱螺纹速度总是制约弹簧驱动的推板推出速度,从而实现了一种制约同步.根据这个结论,为避免出现塑件螺纹损坏的情况,在模具结构允许的情况下,应尽量选择劲度系数较低的推板弹簧.

  5. Turning Polite Guests into Executive Readers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gates, Dale D.

    1983-01-01

    Expands the usual notion of critical reading from just the judgments readers make about the text to include judgments they make about their "reading" of the text. Describes activities to develop "executive" metacomprehension skills. (HTH)

  6. Growth Plate Injuries

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Growth Plate Injuries? Key Words Information Box The Salter-Harris Classification of Growth Plate Injuries What Is ... of Growth Plate Injuries? Since the 1960s, the Salter-Harris classification, which divides most growth plate fractures ...

  7. Towards Quranic reader controlled by speech

    CERN Document Server

    Yekache, Yacine; Kouninef, Belkacem

    2012-01-01

    In this paper we describe the process of designing a task-oriented continuous speech recognition system for Arabic, based on CMU Sphinx4, to be used in the voice interface of Quranic reader. The concept of the Quranic reader controlled by speech is presented, the collection of the corpus and creation of acoustic model are described in detail taking into account a specificities of Arabic language and the desired application.

  8. Towards Quranic reader controlled by speech

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yacine Yekache

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we describe the process of designing a task-oriented continuous speech recognition system for Arabic, based on CMU Sphinx4, to be used in the voice interface of Quranic reader. The concept of the Quranic reader controlled by speech is presented, the collection of the corpus and creation of acoustic model are described in detail taking into account a specificities of Arabic language and the desired application.

  9. A Reader-Response Criticism towards "Trifles"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王莎莉

    2007-01-01

    Susan Glaspell's Trifles is considered one of the most important feminist works in last century.This play is about a murder mystery that explores gender relationships,power between the sexes,and the nature of truth.In this article we are going to examine and explain the relationship between the text and the reader in the process of reading with the view of reader-response criticism.

  10. Managing Licensing in a Market for Technology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Arora, Ashish; Fosfuri, Andrea; Rønde, Thomas

    2013-01-01

    the technology makes licensing decisions—to centralized licensing. The business unit has superior information about licensing opportunities but may not have the appropriate incentives because its rewards depend on product market performance. If licensing is decentralized, the business unit forgoes valuable...... licensing opportunities because the rewards for licensing are (optimally) weaker than those for product market profits. This distortion is stronger when production-based incentives, especially private benefits, of business unit managers are more powerful, making centralization more attractive. Surprisingly...

  11. Managing Licensing in a Market for Technology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Arora, Ashish; Rønde, Thomas; Fosfuri, Andrea

    the technology makes licensing decisions—to centralized licensing. The business unit has superior information about licensing opportunities but may not have the appropriate incentives because its rewards depend upon product market performance. If licensing is decentralized, the business unit forgoes valuable...... licensing opportunities since the rewards for licensing are (optimally) weaker than those for product market profits. This distortion is stronger when production-based incentives are more powerful, making centralization more attractive. Growth of technology markets favors centralization and drives higher...

  12. Precision Plate Plan View Pattern Predictive Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHAO Yang; YANG Quan; HE An-rui; WANG Xiao-chen; ZHANG Yun

    2011-01-01

    According to the rolling features of plate mill, a 3D elastic-plastic FEM (finite element model) based on full restart method of ANSYS/LS-DYNA was established to study the inhomogeneous plastic deformation of multipass plate rolling. By analyzing the simulation results, the difference of head and tail ends predictive models was found and modified. According to the numerical simulation results of 120 different kinds of conditions, precision plate plan view pattern predictive model was established. Based on these models, the sizing MAS (mizushima automatic plan view pattern control system) method was designed and used on a 2 800 mm plate mill. Comparing the rolled plates with and without PVPP (plan view pattern predictive) model, the reduced width deviation indicates that the olate !olan view Dattern predictive model is preeise.

  13. 42 CFR 431.710 - Provisional licenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... (CONTINUED) MEDICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS STATE ORGANIZATION AND GENERAL ADMINISTRATION State Programs for Licensing Nursing Home Administrators § 431.710 Provisional licenses. To fill a position of nursing...

  14. Design of convex hull plate forming by pure line heating

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Xue-biao; JI Zhuo-shang; LIU Yu-jun

    2004-01-01

    This paper presents a ship-hull plate forming way by pure line heating. The heating lines forming the required bending angle is determined by curvature analysis method. Heating along the calculated heating lines results in bland plate with initial transverse curvature. Then, the plate with desired convex shape can be obtained by heating in the longitudinal edge. This is the whole forming process by pure line heating. This paper presents a method of plane development for ship-hull plate with B-spline surface representation, and provides the shrinkage heating lines in the forming process. This forming way would facilitate temperature control and make plate forming automatically easy.

  15. E-Book Readers in Higher Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arthur N. Olsen

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available This article reports on a research project at the University of Agder that has studied the use of e-readers as a tool for academic study. E-readers (Kindle DX and iPad were loaded with texts from required reading lists in five courses with 94 participating students. Initially, 87 students responded to the invitation to participate in a survey, but eventually 13 of these submissions had to be removed, as the degree of completion was not sufficient. The final response rate achieved was 79%. Students were in general positive to the use of e-readers but still show a preference for print on paper as the best medium for serious academic study. When reading books, 54% preferred print, 28% a combination of print and e-reader, and finally only 11% were satisfied solely using an e-reader. The iPad scored significantly better than the Kindle DX on tasks that required active interaction with the texts such as highlighting and note taking.

  16. Examining Readers' Evaluations of Objectivity and Bias in News Discourse

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cramer, Peter; Eisenhart, Christopher

    2014-01-01

    Readers' objectivity and bias evaluations of news texts were investigated in order to better understand the process by which readers make these kinds of judgments and the evidence on which they base them. Readers were primed to evaluate news texts for objectivity and bias, and their selections and metacommentary were analyzed. Readers detected…

  17. Reader Response Theory in the High School English Classroom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shelton, Karen Yvonne

    A study examined the theory concerning reader response and the rationale and practice of reader response in the high school English curriculum. Formal experimental studies existed that explored reader response practices in the high school setting, but no formal studies existed on the questioning practices of potential reader response teachers. A…

  18. "It's All Coming Together": An Encounter between Implied Reader and Actual Reader in the Australian Rainforest

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Sandra J.

    2008-01-01

    In this paper I discuss how taking a particular literary theory--the implied reader--serves to offer a focus for the teacher's initial reading of a text and provides a formative assessment tool. Iser's Implied Reader theory is discussed, after which a picture book, "Where the Forest Meets the Sea" by Jeannie Baker, is analysed from this…

  19. Automatic stereoscopic system for person recognition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murynin, Alexander B.; Matveev, Ivan A.; Kuznetsov, Victor D.

    1999-06-01

    A biometric access control system based on identification of human face is presented. The system developed performs remote measurements of the necessary face features. Two different scenarios of the system behavior are implemented. The first one assumes the verification of personal data entered by visitor from console using keyboard or card reader. The system functions as an automatic checkpoint, that strictly controls access of different visitors. The other scenario makes it possible to identify visitors without any person identifier or pass. Only person biometrics are used to identify the visitor. The recognition system automatically finds necessary identification information preliminary stored in the database. Two laboratory models of recognition system were developed. The models are designed to use different information types and sources. In addition to stereoscopic images inputted to computer from cameras the models can use voice data and some person physical characteristics such as person's height, measured by imaging system.

  20. 25 CFR 558.5 - License suspension.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false License suspension. 558.5 Section 558.5 Indians NATIONAL... MANAGEMENT OFFICIALS § 558.5 License suspension. (a) If, after the issuance of a gaming license, the... tribe shall suspend such license and shall notify in writing the licensee of the suspension and...

  1. 31 CFR 536.305 - General license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false General license. 536.305 Section 536.305 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF... Definitions § 536.305 General license. The term general license means any license or authorization the...

  2. 31 CFR 596.306 - License.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false License. 596.306 Section 596.306 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN... Definitions § 596.306 License. Except as otherwise specified, the term license means any license...

  3. 47 CFR 27.13 - License period.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false License period. 27.13 Section 27.13... COMMUNICATIONS SERVICES Applications and Licenses § 27.13 License period. (a) 2305-2320 MHz and 2345-2360 MHz... beyond the end of the license term if no broadcast service had been provided, whichever period is...

  4. 31 CFR 586.305 - General license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false General license. 586.305 Section 586...) KOSOVO SANCTIONS REGULATIONS General Definitions § 586.305 General license. The term general license means any license or authorization the terms of which are set forth in this part....

  5. 31 CFR 535.316 - License.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false License. 535.316 Section 535.316 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN....316 License. Except as otherwise specified, the term license shall mean any license or...

  6. 31 CFR 598.308 - License.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false License. 598.308 Section 598.308 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN... Definitions § 598.308 License. Except as otherwise specified, the term license means any license...

  7. 31 CFR 515.317 - General license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false General license. 515.317 Section 515.317 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF... § 515.317 General license. A general license is any license or authorization the terms of which are...

  8. 31 CFR 575.313 - License.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false License. 575.313 Section 575.313 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN... License. Except as otherwise specified, the term license means any license or authorization contained...

  9. 31 CFR 585.307 - General license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false General license. 585.307 Section 585.307 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF... General Definitions § 585.307 General license. The term general license means any license or...

  10. 31 CFR 560.311 - General license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false General license. 560.311 Section 560.311 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF... § 560.311 General license. The term general license means any license or authorization the terms...

  11. 27 CFR 555.42 - License fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false License fees. 555.42... EXPLOSIVES, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE EXPLOSIVES COMMERCE IN EXPLOSIVES Licenses and Permits § 555.42 License fees. (a) Each applicant shall pay a fee for obtaining a three year license, a separate fee...

  12. 31 CFR 500.317 - General license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false General license. 500.317 Section 500.317 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF... § 500.317 General license. A general license is any license or authorization the terms of which are...

  13. 31 CFR 595.308 - License.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false License. 595.308 Section 595.308 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN... License. Except as otherwise specified, the term license means any license or authorization contained...

  14. 31 CFR 596.305 - General license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false General license. 596.305 Section 596.305 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF... General Definitions § 596.305 General license. The term general license means any license or...

  15. 31 CFR 538.304 - General license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false General license. 538.304 Section 538.304 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF... § 538.304 General license. The term general license means any license or authorization the terms...

  16. 47 CFR 24.15 - License period.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false License period. 24.15 Section 24.15 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES PERSONAL COMMUNICATIONS SERVICES Applications and Licenses General Filing Requirements § 24.15 License period. Licenses for...

  17. 31 CFR 515.318 - Specific license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Specific license. 515.318 Section 515.318 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF... § 515.318 Specific license. A specific license is any license or authorization issued pursuant to...

  18. 19 CFR 112.21 - License required.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false License required. 112.21 Section 112.21 Customs... CARRIERS, CARTMEN, AND LIGHTERMEN Licensing of Cartmen and Lightermen § 112.21 License required. A customhouse cartage or lighterage license issued by the port director in accordance with this part or...

  19. 27 CFR 478.42 - License fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false License fees. 478.42... EXPLOSIVES, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION COMMERCE IN FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION Licenses § 478.42 License fees. Each applicant shall pay a fee for obtaining a firearms license or...

  20. 32 CFR 746.6 - Nonexclusive license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Nonexclusive license. 746.6 Section 746.6... Nonexclusive license. (a) Availability of licenses. Each government invention normally shall be made available for the granting of nonexclusive revocable licenses, subject to the provisions of any other...

  1. 31 CFR 535.318 - Specific license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Specific license. 535.318 Section 535.318 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF... § 535.318 Specific license. A specific license is any license or authorization issued pursuant to...

  2. 31 CFR 575.305 - General license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false General license. 575.305 Section 575.305 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF....305 General license. The term general license means any license or authorization the terms of...

  3. 31 CFR 585.308 - Specific license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Specific license. 585.308 Section 585.308 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF... General Definitions § 585.308 Specific license. The term specific license means any license...

  4. 31 CFR 500.318 - Specific license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Specific license. 500.318 Section 500.318 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF... § 500.318 Specific license. A specific license is any license or authorization issued pursuant to...

  5. 31 CFR 538.308 - License.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false License. 538.308 Section 538.308 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN... License. Except as otherwise specified, the term license means any license or authorization contained...

  6. 31 CFR 586.315 - Specific license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Specific license. 586.315 Section 586...) KOSOVO SANCTIONS REGULATIONS General Definitions § 586.315 Specific license. The term specific license means any license or authorization not set forth in this part but issued pursuant to this part....

  7. 31 CFR 585.306 - License.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false License. 585.306 Section 585.306 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN... Definitions § 585.306 License. Except as otherwise specified, the term license means any license...

  8. 10 CFR 40.3 - License requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false License requirements. 40.3 Section 40.3 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION DOMESTIC LICENSING OF SOURCE MATERIAL General Provisions § 40.3 License requirements. A..., unless authorized in a specific or general license issued by the Commission under the regulations in...

  9. 31 CFR 536.313 - Specific license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Specific license. 536.313 Section 536.313 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF... Definitions § 536.313 Specific license. The term specific license means any license or authorization not...

  10. 31 CFR 595.312 - Specific license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Specific license. 595.312 Section 595.312 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF... § 595.312 Specific license. The term specific license means any license or authorization not set...

  11. 31 CFR 560.312 - Specific license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Specific license. 560.312 Section 560.312 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF... § 560.312 Specific license. The term specific license means any license or authorization not set...

  12. 31 CFR 575.316 - Special license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Special license. 575.316 Section 575.316 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF....316 Special license. The term specific license means any license or authorization not set forth...

  13. 31 CFR 597.313 - License.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false License. 597.313 Section 597.313 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN... Definitions § 597.313 License. Except as otherwise specified, the term license means any license...

  14. 31 CFR 535.317 - General license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false General license. 535.317 Section 535.317 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF... § 535.317 General license. A general license is any license or authorization the terms of which are...

  15. 31 CFR 586.311 - License.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false License. 586.311 Section 586.311... SANCTIONS REGULATIONS General Definitions § 586.311 License. Except as otherwise specified, the term license means any license or authorization contained in or issued pursuant to this part....

  16. 31 CFR 560.310 - License.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false License. 560.310 Section 560.310 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN... License. Except as otherwise specified, the term license means any license or authorization contained...

  17. 31 CFR 515.316 - License.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false License. 515.316 Section 515.316 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN... License. Except as otherwise specified, the term license shall mean any license or authorization...

  18. 10 CFR 55.3 - License requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false License requirements. 55.3 Section 55.3 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) OPERATORS' LICENSES General Provisions § 55.3 License requirements. A person must be authorized by a license issued by the Commission to perform the function of an operator...

  19. 31 CFR 536.308 - License.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false License. 536.308 Section 536.308 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN... Definitions § 536.308 License. Except as otherwise specified, the term license means any license...

  20. 31 CFR 538.311 - Specific license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Specific license. 538.311 Section 538.311 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF... § 538.311 Specific license. The term specific license means any license or authorization not set...

  1. 32 CFR 643.72 - License.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true License. 643.72 Section 643.72 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY (CONTINUED) REAL PROPERTY REAL ESTATE Licenses § 643.72 License. A license is a bare authority to do a specified act upon the property of the...

  2. 31 CFR 500.316 - License.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false License. 500.316 Section 500.316 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN....316 License. Except as otherwise specified, the term license shall mean any license or...

  3. 9 CFR 102.3 - License applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false License applications. 102.3 Section... AGRICULTURE VIRUSES, SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS LICENSES FOR BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS § 102.3 License applications. (a) U.S. Veterinary Biologics Establishment License. (1)...

  4. 31 CFR 595.305 - General license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false General license. 595.305 Section 595.305 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF... § 595.305 General license. The term general license means any license or authorization the terms...

  5. Processing Polarity Items: Contrastive Licensing Costs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saddy, Douglas; Drenhaus, Heiner; Frisch, Stefan

    2004-01-01

    We describe an experiment that investigated the failure to license polarity items in German using event-related brain potentials (ERPs). The results reveal distinct processing reflexes associated with failure to license positive polarity items in comparison to failure to license negative polarity items. Failure to license both negative and…

  6. 42 CFR 431.705 - Licensing authority.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ...) MEDICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS STATE ORGANIZATION AND GENERAL ADMINISTRATION State Programs for Licensing Nursing Home Administrators § 431.705 Licensing authority. (a) The State licensing program must provide for licensing of nursing home administrators by— (1) The agency designated under the healing arts...

  7. Contrast Study of structuralism and reader- response criticism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴建晓; 郑灵珍

    2012-01-01

    In literary criticism, both structuralism and reader-response criticism enjoy their positions. They share similarities in some ways, but obviously they are two different ways of literary criticism, with structuralism focusing on text and reader-response criti- cism focusing on readers. This essay attempts to contrast structuralism with reader-response criticism in their assumption on text's meaning and the reader's role in the process of reading a text.

  8. Introducing “Business Source”: The Future of Corporate Open Source Licensing?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael (Monty Widenius

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The benefits of the open source development model have been proven by the test of time; however, making this development model economically feasible can be challenging. In this article, Monty Widenius puts forth a suggestion for a new type of license, which is the result of the lessons learned from decades of work on open source, both as programmer and entrepreneur. The result, “business source”, is a license that seeks to enable a business model that can both harness the benefits of open source while generating sufficient income for the program’s continued development. The business source license automatically changes terms after a given period: an initial non-open source license with specific usage restrictions that transforms to a fully open source license on a specific future date. In this article, we contribute a proposal for a novel license, a set of recommendations for managers, and a sample text of a business source license. This work will be of relevance to four main groups: i those developing or managing a closed source program but who are interested in the benefits open source offers; ii those managing open core programs; iii projects in development; and iv investors interested in funding open source projects.

  9. License restrictions at Barnwell

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Autry, V.R. [S.C. Dept. of Health and Environmental Control, Columbia, SC (United States). Bureau of Radiological Health

    1991-12-31

    The State of South Carolina was delegated the authority by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission to regulate the receipt, possession, use and disposal of radioactive material as an Agreement State. Since 1970, the state has been the principal regulatory authority for the Barnwell Low-Level Waste Disposal Facility operated by Chem-Nuclear Systems, Inc. The radioactive material license issued authorizing the receipt and disposal of low-level waste contains numerous restrictions to ensure environmental protection and compliance with shallow land disposal performance criteria. Low-level waste has evolved from minimally contaminated items to complex waste streams containing high concentrations of radionuclides and processing chemicals which necessitated these restrictions. Additionally, some waste with their specific radionuclides and concentration levels, many classified as low-level radioactive waste, are not appropriate for shallow land disposal unless additional precautions are taken. This paper will represent a number of these restrictions, the rationale for them, and how they are being dealt with at the Barnwell disposal facility.

  10. Shakespeare and Reader's Theatre: Fellow Traveling Companions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ratliff, Gerald Lee

    2010-01-01

    Whether constructed on literary analysis models or inspired by conventional acting theories, Reader's Theatre performance techniques are an invaluable instructional tool available to teachers who want their students to see, hear and feel Shakespeare texts in classroom discussion and performance. These exercises are designed to promote both a…

  11. Revisiting the Reader's Rudder: A Comprehension Strategy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fischer, Cynthia

    2003-01-01

    Presents the structured comprehension method, a strategy that facilitates literal, inferential, and critical reading comprehension for passive readers who can decode but not comprehend. Uses the method to illustrate how other areas of students' instruction (e.g., vocabulary enhancement through morphemic analysis, use of a phonogram approach to…

  12. Towards a Culturally Situated Reader Response Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brooks, Wanda; Browne, Susan

    2012-01-01

    This article describes a theory of how culture enables literary interpretations of texts. We begin with a brief overview of the reader response field. From there, we introduce the theory and provide illustrative participant data examples. These data examples illustrate the four cultural positions middle grade students in our research assumed when…

  13. Print Readers' Perceptions of Various Advertising Formats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lamb, Charles W., Jr.; And Others

    1979-01-01

    The findings of a study of print readers' perceptions of the believability and interest of various advertising formats fail to support increasing either the frequency or specificity of comparative messages. The findings suggest that advertisers should consider the dimensions of intensity and directionality in their message development. (GT)

  14. Vocabulary Instruction for Second Language Readers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nisbet, Deanna L.

    2010-01-01

    Over the past 20 years, research has consistently affirmed the importance of explicit vocabulary instruction for adult learners of English as a second language (ESL). Given the significant vocabulary demands faced by adult second language readers, ESL teachers must carefully target their instruction for maximum impact and to foster meaningful…

  15. Understanding Deaf Readers: An Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelstone, Aaron Weir

    2013-01-01

    The development of reading skills, beyond a functional level, is difficult for most deaf readers. Standardized testing demonstrates a median 4th grade reading level that remains consistent even after national norming of the Stanford Achievement test on the population of deaf school children. Deaf education continues to generate various educational…

  16. Author and reader in Instructions for use

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Steehouder, Michael F.

    1997-01-01

    Instructions for use should not be seen as merely instrumental-they should also persuade the reader to read the text and to act accordingly. Moreover, they should establish a positive image of the product and the manufacturer. In this paper, a collection of instructions for use is used to identify s

  17. The Emergent Reader's Working Kit of Stereotypes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mackey, Margaret

    2013-01-01

    This article draws on a careful study of series fiction read in the 1950s to explore how stereotypes feature in the development of a young reader's competence in learning to process stories in print. Five categories of stereotype are teased out: "embodied stereotypes," understood through physical experience; "working stereotypes," discerned…

  18. Readerly and Writerly "Letters from the Park."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conde, Susana

    1993-01-01

    Discusses in depth the film "Cartas del parque" ("Letters from the Park"), the first of six films in the "Amores Dificiles" series. Notes that the film is pervaded by the traditional overdetermination of gender roles. Suggests that an intrusive and authoritative narrator makes of this both a "readerly" and a…

  19. Transcending Bias through Reader-Response Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soublis, Theoni; Winkler, Erik

    2004-01-01

    The preservice teachers from all disciplines will be benefited if they incorporate reading in their classes according to Dr. Louise Rosenblatt's reader-response theory. A teacher's experience with her students while reading Chris Crutcher's "Staying Fat for Sarah Byanes" in the Secondary Content Area and a student's response on the novel are…

  20. Japanese-American Internment. A Historical Reader.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000

    This Historical Reader on "Japanese American Internment" in World War II introduces students to key events and issues during the period through the voices of people with firsthand experienced. Source documents and illustrations are arranged in chronological order and/or thematic units that establish context. Each selection is followed by…

  1. Understanding readers' understanding theory to practice

    CERN Document Server

    Tierney, Robert J; Mitchell, Judy Nichols

    2013-01-01

    This collection features papers addressing current issues in reading comprehension from cognitive and linguistic perspectives. Organized into three sections, the volume investigates text considerations and reader-text interactions. Each paper presents a substantial and comprehensive review of theory and research related to cognition and reading comprehension.

  2. Advanced Vietnamese: A Reader in Culture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liem, Nguyen Dang

    This fourth-year reader in Vietnamese presents a broad picture of Vietnamese culture through a selection of scholarly texts written by Vietnamese. The book seeks to introduce students to the culture of the Vietnamese and facilitate a transition from general reading matter to a more literary and technical style of writing. General chapter…

  3. Reader Response: Young Children Can Do That!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lowe, Kaye; Johnston, Cammie

    2000-01-01

    Describes "reader response" teaching techniques to enhance young children's critical thinking skills, build a sound literacy foundation, and clarify the relationship between reading and writing. Provides examples of response logs/journal entries, aesthetic responses such as drawings and dramatic reenactments, and student discussions…

  4. Critical Literacy as Comprehension: Expanding Reader Response

    Science.gov (United States)

    McLaughlin, Maureen; De Voogd, Glenn

    2004-01-01

    This article presents the theoretical underpinnings of critical literacy and related principles. It also provides ideas for creating environments to promote reading from a critical stance, teaching strategies, sample classroom applications, and annotated lists of theme-related texts. When engaging in critical literacy, readers move beyond…

  5. Reader-Response and the Pathos Principle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Nan

    1988-01-01

    Reviews and equates theories of reader-response and rhetorical theories on audience response (the pathos principle). Concludes that the fundamental synonymity between them represents a significant bridge between analysis of literary texts and the dynamics of formal and social discourse and provides a theoretical foundation for teaching reading and…

  6. Automatic methods for the refinement of system models from the specification to the implementation

    CERN Document Server

    Seiter, Julia; Drechsler, Rolf

    2017-01-01

    This book provides a comprehensive overview of automatic model refinement, which helps readers close the gap between initial textual specification and its desired implementation. The authors enable readers to follow two “directions” for refinement: Vertical refinement, for adding detail and precision to single description for a given model and Horizontal refinement, which considers several views on one level of abstraction, refining the system specification by dedicated descriptions for structure or behavior. The discussion includes several methods which support designers of electronic systems in this refinement process, including verification methods to check automatically whether a refinement has been conducted as intended.

  7. Logic for computer science foundations of automatic theorem proving

    CERN Document Server

    Gallier, Jean H

    2015-01-01

    This advanced text for undergraduate and graduate students introduces mathematical logic with an emphasis on proof theory and procedures for algorithmic construction of formal proofs. The self-contained treatment is also useful for computer scientists and mathematically inclined readers interested in the formalization of proofs and basics of automatic theorem proving. Topics include propositional logic and its resolution, first-order logic, Gentzen's cut elimination theorem and applications, and Gentzen's sharpened Hauptsatz and Herbrand's theorem. Additional subjects include resolution in fir

  8. Metacognition and reading: Comparing three forms of metacognition in normally developing readers and readers with dyslexia

    OpenAIRE

    Furnes, Bjarte Reidar; Norman, Elisabeth

    2015-01-01

    Metacognition refers to ‘cognition about cognition’ and includes metacognitive knowledge, strategies and experiences (Efklides, 2008; Flavell, 1979). Research on reading has shown that better readers demonstrate more metacognitive knowledge than poor readers (Baker & Beall, 2009), and that reading ability improves through strategy instruction (Gersten, Fuchs, Williams, & Baker, 2001). The current study is the first to specifically compare the three forms of metacognition in dyslexic (N = 22) ...

  9. Automatic Fiscal Stabilizers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Narcis Eduard Mitu

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Policies or institutions (built into an economic system that automatically tend to dampen economic cycle fluctuations in income, employment, etc., without direct government intervention. For example, in boom times, progressive income tax automatically reduces money supply as incomes and spendings rise. Similarly, in recessionary times, payment of unemployment benefits injects more money in the system and stimulates demand. Also called automatic stabilizers or built-in stabilizers.

  10. Design and Improvement of Automatic Nitrogen Protective Sliding Plate Kiln in Mn-Zn Soft Magnetic Ferrite Main Sintering Device%锰锌软磁铁氧体主要烧结设备全自动氮气保护推板窑设计改进

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐仲达

    2016-01-01

    在我国锰锌软磁铁氧体主要烧结设备的规模化生产中,全自动氮气保护推板窑系统不能满足烧成工艺制度的严格要求,问题出在结构设计方面。作者通过多年的实践总结,分析了自动氮气保护推板窑工艺,并以此为基础提出了结构性的改进措施,改善了烧成工艺的可控性和精确度。实践证明:新系统可满足大件和高性能锰锌软磁铁氧体产品的规模化生产。研究能够为我国软磁铁氧体行业的升级换代提供重要思路。%In the existing scale production of Mn-Zn soft magnetic ferrite main sintering device, structure design of automatic Nitrogen protective sliding plate kiln cannot meet the actual requirements of sintering process system. Based on author’s practical experiments in many years, corresponding measures of design and improvement are put forward, improving the controllability and accuracy of sintering process system, and also satisfying scale production of Mn-Zn soft magnetic ferrite with large size and high performance. The research can provide essential ideas for upgrade and update of Mn-Zn soft magnetic ferrite field in China.

  11. Automatic differentiation bibliography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Corliss, G.F. (comp.)

    1992-07-01

    This is a bibliography of work related to automatic differentiation. Automatic differentiation is a technique for the fast, accurate propagation of derivative values using the chain rule. It is neither symbolic nor numeric. Automatic differentiation is a fundamental tool for scientific computation, with applications in optimization, nonlinear equations, nonlinear least squares approximation, stiff ordinary differential equation, partial differential equations, continuation methods, and sensitivity analysis. This report is an updated version of the bibliography which originally appeared in Automatic Differentiation of Algorithms: Theory, Implementation, and Application.

  12. A portable eBook reader for the blind.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Velazquez, Ramiro; Hernandez, Hermes; Preza, Enrique

    2010-01-01

    This paper presents the design and first prototype of the TactoBook system, a novel concept of reading assistive device that aims to make eBooks accessible to the blind. The TactoBook consists of a computer-based software translator that converts fast and automatically any eBook into Braille. The Braille version of the eBook is then encrypted as a file and stored in a USB memory drive which is later inserted and reproduced in a compact, lightweight, and highly-portable tactile terminal. Braille readers can store multiple eBooks in the same USB and access/reproduce them in the tactile terminal without this being plugged to a computer. The first Braille terminal developed is a 10-cell prototype based on a piezoelectric ultrasonic actuation approach. Its overall performance is quite similar to the one obtained with traditional Braille terminals. However, unlike them, the full device is only 1 kg mass and its compact dimensions (20 × 15 × 10 cm) make it easily carried by the user. A technical overview of all subsystems is presented and discussed.

  13. NRC licensing requirements: DOD options

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pike, W.J.; O' Reilly, P.D.

    1982-09-01

    This report describes the licensing process (both safety and environmental) that would apply if the Department of Defense (DOD) chooses to obtain licenses from the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) for using nuclear energy for power and luminous sources. The specific nuclear energy sources being considered include: small or medium-size nuclear power reactors; radioisotopic thermoelectric generators with /sup 90/Sr or /sup 238/Pu; radioisotopic dynamic electric generators with /sup 90/Sr or /sup 238/Pu; and applications of radioisotopes for luminous sources (lights) with /sup 3/H, /sup 85/Kr, or /sup 147/Pm. The steps of the licensing process are summarized in the following sections, with particular attention given to the schedule and level of effort necessary to support the process.

  14. Developing the Reader Self-Efficacy Scale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hakan ÜLPER

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Reading comprehension has affective and social dimensions as well as its cognitive dimension. Thus, to understand and improve reading instruction, affective and social dimensions should be well understood. Perceived self-efficacy is one of affective issues influencing learning and it should be taken into consideration in reading instruction. With this in mind, this study aims at developing the Reader Self-Efficacy Scale with a group of 518 students as participants. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses revealed a 6-item scale with one factor. The Cronbach Alpha coefficient was determined to be 0.948. This new Reader Self-Efficacy Scale could easily be used for training and research purposes depending on its high validity and reliability.

  15. RFID reader immunity test against electrostatic discharge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pospisilik Martin

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper provides a description of an immunity test against the electrostatic discharge according to the standard EN 61000-4-2 that was applied to an RFID reader. The RFID reader was primarily developed for access systems, employing the on-board recognition of the RFID tags. The results obtained by the test are described hereby as well as the discussion on the security of this solution. The results of this experiment are beneficial for the developers of RFID devices, as these devices are endangered by the electrostatic discharge brought by their users. The hereby described results also shown a security hole in a simple access system based on the RFID technology. Details can be found in the paper.

  16. Blind Braille readers mislocate tactile stimuli.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sterr, Annette; Green, Lisa; Elbert, Thomas

    2003-05-01

    In a previous experiment, we observed that blind Braille readers produce errors when asked to identify on which finger of one hand a light tactile stimulus had occurred. With the present study, we aimed to specify the characteristics of this perceptual error in blind and sighted participants. The experiment confirmed that blind Braille readers mislocalised tactile stimuli more often than sighted controls, and that the localisation errors occurred significantly more often at the right reading hand than at the non-reading hand. Most importantly, we discovered that the reading fingers showed the smallest error frequency, but the highest rate of stimulus attribution. The dissociation of perceiving and locating tactile stimuli in the blind suggests altered tactile information processing. Neuroplasticity, changes in tactile attention mechanisms as well as the idea that blind persons may employ different strategies for tactile exploration and object localisation are discussed as possible explanations for the results obtained.

  17. Processless offset printing plates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanja Mahović Poljaček

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available With the implementation of platesetters in the offset printing plate making process, imaging of the printing plate became more stable and ensured increase of the printing plate quality. But as the chemical processing of the printing plates still highly influences the plate making process and the graphic reproduction workflow, development of printing plates that do not require chemical processing for offset printing technique has been one of the top interests in graphic technology in the last few years. The main reason for that came from the user experience, where majority of the problems with plate making process could be connected with the chemical processing of the printing plate. Furthermore, increased environmental standards lead to reducing of the chemicals used in the industrial processes. Considering these facts, different types of offset printing plates have been introduced to the market today. This paper presents some of the processless printing plates.

  18. 21 CFR 866.2850 - Automated zone reader.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...) MEDICAL DEVICES IMMUNOLOGY AND MICROBIOLOGY DEVICES Microbiology Devices § 866.2850 Automated zone reader. (a) Identification. An automated zone reader is a mechanical device intended for medical purposes...

  19. A Problem Solving Framework for Managing Poor Readers in Classrooms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beck, Judith S.

    1988-01-01

    Points out that poor readers may exhibit behavioral, cognitive, and emotional problems. Offers a problem-solving framework for intervention in poor readers' nonacademic problems, and describes several possible types of intervention. (ARH)

  20. Using Reader Response in a College Literature Class.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soles, Derek

    1995-01-01

    Claims that the insights of reader response theory can be brought into the teaching of poetry in college literature courses. Outlines methods for utilizing reader response techniques to help students enjoy and understand poetry. (HB)

  1. Plastic Logic quits e-reader market

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perks, Simon

    2012-07-01

    A UK firm spun out from the University of Cambridge that sought to be a world leader in flexible organic electronic circuits and displays has pulled out of the competitive e-reader market as it struggles to find a commercial outlet for its technology. Plastic Logic announced in May that it is to close its development facility in Mountain View, California, with the loss of around 40 jobs.

  2. Formalist criticism and reader-response theory

    OpenAIRE

    MOHAMMAD AL FUADI

    2014-01-01

    The article deals with the interaction of formalism as a trend in language and literature studies, on the one hand, and a teaching method, a technique of teaching to understand and investigate literary text proceeding from its structure and content, on the other hand. One of the main principles is dialogism (M. Bakhtin) that creates the coeducation between the writer and reader. Thus the process becomes bilateral, or even multilateral and it includes criticism on both parts a teacher and a st...

  3. Wikipedia Reader's Guide: The Missing Manual

    CERN Document Server

    Broughton, John

    2008-01-01

    Wikipedia Reader's Guide: The Missing Manual gives you the essential tools for getting the most out of Wikipedia. As a supplement to Wikipedia: The Missing Manual, this handbook provides a basic road map to the largest online collaborative encyclopedia. You'll learn the best ways to search Wikipedia for the information you need, how to navigate the encyclopedia by category, and what to do if you spot an error in an article.

  4. 76 FR 62408 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-07

    ... COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been reissued by the Federal Maritime Commission... Commission pertaining to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR part 515. License...

  5. List of Nuclear Materials Licensing Actions Received

    Data.gov (United States)

    Nuclear Regulatory Commission — A catalog of all Materials Licensing Actions received for review. The catalog lists the name of the entity submitting the license application, their city and state,...

  6. Scallop License Limitation Program (SLLP) Permit Program

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — A federal Scallop License Limitation Program (SLLP) license is required onboard any vessel deployed in scallop fisheries in Federal waters off Alaska (except for...

  7. Mediation and Automatization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hutchins, Edwin

    This paper discusses the relationship between the mediation of task performance by some structure that is not inherent in the task domain itself and the phenomenon of automatization, in which skilled performance becomes effortless or phenomenologically "automatic" after extensive practice. The use of a common simple explicit mediating…

  8. Digital automatic gain control

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uzdy, Z.

    1980-01-01

    Performance analysis, used to evaluated fitness of several circuits to digital automatic gain control (AGC), indicates that digital integrator employing coherent amplitude detector (CAD) is best device suited for application. Circuit reduces gain error to half that of conventional analog AGC while making it possible to automatically modify response of receiver to match incoming signal conditions.

  9. Automatic Differentiation Package

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2007-03-01

    Sacado is an automatic differentiation package for C++ codes using operator overloading and C++ templating. Sacado provide forward, reverse, and Taylor polynomial automatic differentiation classes and utilities for incorporating these classes into C++ codes. Users can compute derivatives of computations arising in engineering and scientific applications, including nonlinear equation solving, time integration, sensitivity analysis, stability analysis, optimization and uncertainity quantification.

  10. Reader Engagement in English and Persian Applied Linguistics Articles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ansarin, Ali Akbar; Tarlani-Aliabdi, Hassan

    2011-01-01

    There is an increasing interest in the way academic writers establish the presence of their readers over the past few years. Establishing the presence of readers or what Kroll (1984, p.181) calls imagining "a second voice" is accomplished when a writer refers "explicitly" to their readers using explicit linguistic resources…

  11. Gifted Male Readers: Current Understandings and Suggestions for Future Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pagnani, Alexander R.

    2013-01-01

    Research literature concerning gifted male readers relies primarily on more extensive bodies of work regarding gifted males and male readers. Studied as a whole, the two halves portray a worrisome state of affairs for gifted male readers, who lag behind their female counterparts in the same patterns found across the ability spectrum. This literacy…

  12. A Comparison of Laterality Between Normal and Dyslexic Readers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keefe, Barbara

    Examined with 38 right-handed boys who were either dyslexic or normal readers and matched for age and IQ (mean age both groups=10.6, mean IQ normal readers=106, mean IQ dyslexic readers=105) were the weak, strong, and equal lateralization theories of dyslexia. Cerebral lateralization was measured for linguistic material (digits) using the dichotic…

  13. 25 CFR 11.601 - Marriage licenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Marriage licenses. 11.601 Section 11.601 Indians BUREAU... ORDER CODE Domestic Relations § 11.601 Marriage licenses. A marriage license shall be issued by the clerk of the court in the absence of any showing that the proposed marriage would be invalid under...

  14. 14 CFR 1274.942 - Export licenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Export licenses. 1274.942 Section 1274.942... FIRMS Other Provisions and Special Conditions § 1274.942 Export licenses. Export Licenses July 2002 (a) The Recipient shall comply with all U.S. export control laws and regulations, including...

  15. 9 CFR 102.6 - Conditional licenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE VIRUSES, SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS LICENSES FOR BIOLOGICAL...) of this part, issue a conditional U.S. Veterinary Biological Product License to an establishment... available, the Administrator shall either reissue the U.S. Veterinary Biological Product License or allow...

  16. 7 CFR 1530.103 - License eligibility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... license held by an affiliated person. (c) Notwithstanding paragraph (b) of this section, a person who owns one or more wholly-owned subsidiary corporations manufacturing sugar containing products or producing... license. The sum total of license limits for the parent corporation and its wholly-owned...

  17. 47 CFR 13.15 - License term.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false License term. 13.15 Section 13.15 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL COMMERCIAL RADIO OPERATORS General § 13.15 License term... years from the date of issuance. (b) General Radiotelephone Operator Licenses, Restricted...

  18. 10 CFR 61.3 - License required.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false License required. 61.3 Section 61.3 Energy NUCLEAR... Provisions § 61.3 License required. (a) No person may receive, possess, and dispose of radioactive waste... license issued by the Commission pursuant to this part, or unless exemption has been granted by...

  19. 10 CFR 60.3 - License required.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false License required. 60.3 Section 60.3 Energy NUCLEAR... Provisions § 60.3 License required. (a) DOE shall not receive or possess source, special nuclear, or byproduct material at a geologic repository operations area except as authorized by a license issued by...

  20. 10 CFR 70.3 - License requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false License requirements. 70.3 Section 70.3 Energy NUCLEAR... License requirements. No person subject to the regulations in this part shall receive title to, own... license issued by the Commission pursuant to these regulations....

  1. 10 CFR 35.11 - License required.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false License required. 35.11 Section 35.11 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION MEDICAL USE OF BYPRODUCT MATERIAL General Information § 35.11 License required. (a) A... for medical use only in accordance with a specific license issued by the Commission or an...

  2. 10 CFR 35.18 - License issuance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false License issuance. 35.18 Section 35.18 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION MEDICAL USE OF BYPRODUCT MATERIAL General Information § 35.18 License issuance. (a) The Commission shall issue a license for the medical use of byproduct material if— (1) The applicant has...

  3. 47 CFR 27.1212 - License term.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false License term. 27.1212 Section 27.1212... COMMUNICATIONS SERVICES Broadband Radio Service and Educational Broadband Service § 27.1212 License term. (a) BRS/EBS licenses shall be issued for a period of 10 years beginning with the date of grant. (b) An...

  4. 10 CFR 63.3 - License required.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false License required. 63.3 Section 63.3 Energy NUCLEAR... MOUNTAIN, NEVADA General Provisions § 63.3 License required. (a) DOE may not receive nor possess source... except as authorized by a license issued by the Commission under this part. (b) DOE may not...

  5. 22 CFR 120.20 - License.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false License. 120.20 Section 120.20 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE INTERNATIONAL TRAFFIC IN ARMS REGULATIONS PURPOSE AND DEFINITIONS § 120.20 License. License means a document bearing the word “license” issued by the Directorate of Defense...

  6. 27 CFR 478.44 - Original license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Original license. 478.44... EXPLOSIVES, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION COMMERCE IN FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION Licenses § 478.44 Original license. (a)(1) Any person who intends to engage in business as a firearms or...

  7. Natural analog studies: Licensing perspective

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bradbury, J.W. [Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC (United States)

    1995-09-01

    This report describes the licensing perspective of the term {open_quotes}natural analog studies{close_quotes} as used in CFR Part 60. It describes the misunderstandings related to its definition which has become evident during discussions at the U.S Nuclear Regulatory Commission meetings and tries to clarify the appropriate applications of natural analog studies to aspects of repository site characterization.

  8. Automatic Segmentation of Abdominal Adipose Tissue in MRI

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mosbech, Thomas Hammershaimb; Pilgaard, Kasper; Vaag, Allan;

    2011-01-01

    of intensity in-homogeneities. This effect is estimated by a thin plate spline extended to fit two classes of automatically sampled intensity points in 3D. Adipose tissue pixels are labelled with fuzzy c-means clustering and locally determined thresholds. The visceral and subcutaneous adipose tissue...

  9. Automatic counting and classification of bacterial colonies using hyperspectral imaging

    Science.gov (United States)

    Detection and counting of bacterial colonies on agar plates is a routine microbiology practice to get a rough estimate of the number of viable cells in a sample. There have been a variety of different automatic colony counting systems and software algorithms mainly based on color or gray-scale pictu...

  10. Naming fluency in dyslexic and nondyslexic readers: differential effects of visual crowding in foveal, parafoveal, and peripheral vision.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moll, Kristina; Jones, Manon

    2013-01-01

    Reading fluency is often indexed by performance on rapid automatized naming (RAN) tasks, which are known to reflect speed of access to lexical codes. We used eye tracking to investigate visual influences on naming fluency. Specifically, we examined how visual crowding affects fluency in a RAN-letters task on an item-by-item basis, by systematically manipulating the interletter spacing of items, such that upcoming letters in the array were viewed in the fovea, parafovea, or periphery relative to a given fixated letter. All lexical information was kept constant. Nondyslexic readers' gaze durations were longer in foveal than in parafoveal and peripheral trials, indicating that visual crowding slows processing even for fluent readers. Dyslexics' gaze durations were longer in foveal and parafoveal trials than in peripheral trials. Our results suggest that for dyslexic readers, influences of crowding on naming speed extend to a broader visual span (to parafoveal vision) than that for nondyslexic readers, but do not extend as far as peripheral vision. The findings extend previous research by elucidating the different visual spans within which crowding operates for dyslexic and nondyslexic readers in an online fluency task.

  11. Enhanced TDMA Based Anti-Collision Algorithm with a Dynamic Frame Size Adjustment Strategy for Mobile RFID Readers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kwang Cheol Shin

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available In the fields of production, manufacturing and supply chain management, Radio Frequency Identification (RFID is regarded as one of the most important technologies. Nowadays, Mobile RFID, which is often installed in carts or forklift trucks, is increasingly being applied to the search for and checkout of items in warehouses, supermarkets, libraries and other industrial fields. In using Mobile RFID, since the readers are continuously moving, they can interfere with each other when they attempt to read the tags. In this study, we suggest a Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA based anti-collision algorithm for Mobile RFID readers. Our algorithm automatically adjusts the frame size of each reader without using manual parameters by adopting the dynamic frame size adjustment strategy when collisions occur at a reader. Through experiments on a simulated environment for Mobile RFID readers, we show that the proposed method improves the number of successful transmissions by about 228% on average, compared with Colorwave, a representative TDMA based anti-collision algorithm.

  12. Enhanced TDMA Based Anti-Collision Algorithm with a Dynamic Frame Size Adjustment Strategy for Mobile RFID Readers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shin, Kwang Cheol; Park, Seung Bo; Jo, Geun Sik

    2009-01-01

    In the fields of production, manufacturing and supply chain management, Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) is regarded as one of the most important technologies. Nowadays, Mobile RFID, which is often installed in carts or forklift trucks, is increasingly being applied to the search for and checkout of items in warehouses, supermarkets, libraries and other industrial fields. In using Mobile RFID, since the readers are continuously moving, they can interfere with each other when they attempt to read the tags. In this study, we suggest a Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA) based anti-collision algorithm for Mobile RFID readers. Our algorithm automatically adjusts the frame size of each reader without using manual parameters by adopting the dynamic frame size adjustment strategy when collisions occur at a reader. Through experiments on a simulated environment for Mobile RFID readers, we show that the proposed method improves the number of successful transmissions by about 228% on average, compared with Colorwave, a representative TDMA based anti-collision algorithm. PMID:22399942

  13. How to diagnose any type of TLD Reader?; Como diagnosticar cualquier tipo de TLD Reader?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rodriguez, Manuel Lopez; Garcia, Jose A. Tamayo; Gil, Alex Vergara; Lores, Stefan Gutierrez; Acosta, Andry Romero; Villanueva, Gilberto Alonso, E-mail: manolo@cphr.edu.cu, E-mail: jotag@cphr.edu.cu, E-mail: alex@cphr.edu.cu, E-mail: stefan@cphr.edu.cu, E-mail: andy@cphr.edu.cu, E-mail: gilberto@cphr.edu.cu [Centro de Proteccion e Higiene de las Radiaciones (CPHR), La Habana (Cuba)

    2013-07-01

    The acquisition of know how of practical experiences obtained in the repair and maintenance of readers TLD RADOS for five years of work and the request by the International Atomic Energy for signing new Research Contracts (CRP), made possible the CRP 13328, in which the specialist is committed in the course of a year, to deliver educational software in order to train personnel associated with the operation of the TLD readers RADOS. Due to the importance of continuous transfer of knowledge for new generations of technicians and specialists who join our laboratories, the idea came when the first interactive CD that grouped 19 videos, divided into three blocks was ready: learning, repair and maintenance; it was suggested to expand the training for any TLD reader. Thus a much more complete than the first version package emerged. 7 cases were subsequently published in an IAEA TECDOC, 1599 were included.

  14. Create Your Plate

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Children and Type 2 Diabetes Know Your Rights Employment Discrimination Health Care Professionals Law Enforcement Driver's License ... Find Your Local Office Find your local diabetes education program Calendar of Events Wellness Lives Here Drive ...

  15. Create Your Plate

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... You At Risk? Diabetes Basics Living with Diabetes Food & Fitness In My Community Advocacy Research & Practice Ways ... Care Professionals Law Enforcement Driver's License For Lawyers Food & Fitness Home Food MyFoodAdvisor Recipes Association Cookbook Recipes ...

  16. Techno-Literacy Practices of Emergent Readers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Razeale G. Fernandez

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available – This research explored the techno-literacy practices of emergent readers. The study found that young children experienced a multi-literate practices in their homes that comprised not only print and paper-based literacies but also techno-literacies. That television, games on tablets and phones are the sources of textual pleasure of young children.Families reported that children watched television and play games on tablets/phones regularly. This is due to the limited options of leisure activities available to younger children. Emergent readers are highly focused to televisual text as they demonstrate meaningmaking practices when they constantly ask questions and talk about what they are watching,hence they are active meaning-makers. The learning opportunities which include hand eye coordination, parallel processing, and problem solving skills young children acquired through playing computer games and games on tablet/iPad . Aside from these, they also developed a number of literacy skills as well as how to behave as players.It can be concluded thatexposure to imagery in electronic technologies contributed to the children’s literacy development. The literate identities of emergent readers can be further enhanced as they begin formal schooling. Data indicated that young children are developing techno-literacy practices and this concurs to the findings of Marsh (2010. Therefore, technology serves as a tool for the literacy development of young children. That techno-literacy practices of young children should be valued in school. Future research should also consider attitude, behavior and practices of parents towards the use of technology by children.

  17. Alternative Text Types to Improve Reading Fluency for Competent to Struggling Readers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Timothy V. Rasinski

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This article offers instructional suggestions and strategies based on research and theoretical literature for developing reading fluency through the use of rhyming poetry and other texts beyond the narrative and informational texts that have been traditionally used for reading instruction. Readers’ lack of fluency in reading can be a monumental impediment to proficiency in good comprehension and overall reading competency. For all readers it is well established that as they progress in reading competence their reading ability grows (Stanovich, 1993/1994. This continued reading success begets continued reading growth; however, many struggling readers have difficulty in moving to a level of automaticity and fluency in their reading that enables them to engage in a successful practice. Lack of practice inhibits their reading comprehension. Readers’ abilities to effectively comprehend texts are significantly affected by their proficiency in accurate and automatic word recognition and prosody (May, 1998; Stanovich, 1993/1994; LaBerge & Samuels, 1974; Schreiber, 1991. Repeated reading practice has been shown to be a powerful way to improve these important fluency competencies. Certain texts are particularly well suited for repeated reading that improves both aspects of fluency

  18. Glycan Reader: automated sugar identification and simulation preparation for carbohydrates and glycoproteins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jo, Sunhwan; Song, Kevin C; Desaire, Heather; MacKerell, Alexander D; Im, Wonpil

    2011-11-15

    Understanding how glycosylation affects protein structure, dynamics, and function is an emerging and challenging problem in biology. As a first step toward glycan modeling in the context of structural glycobiology, we have developed Glycan Reader and integrated it into the CHARMM-GUI, http://www.charmm-gui.org/input/glycan. Glycan Reader greatly simplifies the reading of PDB structure files containing glycans through (i) detection of carbohydrate molecules, (ii) automatic annotation of carbohydrates based on their three-dimensional structures, (iii) recognition of glycosidic linkages between carbohydrates as well as N-/O-glycosidic linkages to proteins, and (iv) generation of inputs for the biomolecular simulation program CHARMM with the proper glycosidic linkage setup. In addition, Glycan Reader is linked to other functional modules in CHARMM-GUI, allowing users to easily generate carbohydrate or glycoprotein molecular simulation systems in solution or membrane environments and visualize the electrostatic potential on glycoprotein surfaces. These tools are useful for studying the impact of glycosylation on protein structure and dynamics.

  19. Growth Plate Fractures

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... the most widely used by doctors is the Salter-Harris system, described below. Type I Fractures These ... incidence of growth plate fractures peaks in adolescence. Salter-Harris classification of growth plate fractures. AAOS does ...

  20. Create Your Plate

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Planning Meals Diabetes Meal Plans Create Your Plate Gluten Free Diets Meal Planning for Vegetarian Diets Cook ... Create Your Plate Meal Planning for Vegetarian Diets Gluten Free Diets Holiday Meal Planning Cook with Heart- ...

  1. Create Your Plate

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... steps to get started: Using your dinner plate, put a line down the middle of the plate. ... vegetables . Now in one of the small sections, put grains and starchy foods. See this list of ...

  2. Accelerated plate tectonics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, D L

    1975-03-21

    The concept of a stressed elastic lithospheric plate riding on a viscous asthenosphere is used to calculate the recurrence interval of great earthquakes at convergent plate boundaries, the separation of decoupling and lithospheric earthquakes, and the migration pattern of large earthquakes along an arc. It is proposed that plate motions accelerate after great decoupling earthquakes and that most of the observed plate motions occur during short periods of time, separated by periods of relative quiescence.

  3. Obliquity along plate boundaries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Philippon, Mélody; Corti, Giacomo

    2016-12-01

    Most of the plate boundaries are activated obliquely with respect to the direction of far field stresses, as roughly only 8% of the plate boundaries total length shows a very low obliquity (ranging from 0 to 10°, sub-orthogonal to the plate displacement). The obliquity along plate boundaries is controlled by (i) lateral rheological variations within the lithosphere and (ii) consistency with the global plate circuit. Indeed, plate tectonics and magmatism drive rheological changes within the lithosphere and consequently influence strain localization. Geodynamical evolution controls large-scale mantle convection and plate formation, consumption, and re-organization, thus triggering plate kinematics variations, and the adjustment and re-orientation of far field stresses. These geological processes may thus result in plate boundaries that are not perpendicular but oblique to the direction of far field stresses. This paper reviews the global patterns of obliquity along plate boundaries. Using GPlate, we provide a statistical analysis of present-day obliquity along plate boundaries. Within this framework, by comparing natural examples and geological models, we discuss deformation patterns and kinematics recorded along oblique plate boundaries.

  4. Comparison and Revelation of License Plate“Lottery”Policy and the Auction Mechanism%车牌“摇号”政策与拍卖机制的比较与启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李松有; 兰秋蓬

    2013-01-01

    Recently distribution of license plate has become one of the hot issues,the government started to license-plate lottery or license plate auction,but not achieve the ideal effect,and in monopoly market conditions could not buy the license plate and a series of complex problems. This article carried on the analysis and comparison of two kinds of policies,pointed out the advantages and disadvantages of various policy the improvement of license plates issued,and put forward the effective suggestions of supply of license plate,so as to achieve the optimal allocation of public resources.%近日,车牌发放问题被推到舆论的风口浪尖,无论政府采取车牌“摇号”或者车牌拍卖政策,都没有达到车牌有效配置的理想效果,反而出现买不到车牌“、天价车牌”等一系列问题。本文对两种车牌发放政策进行比较和剖析,指出各自政策的优缺点,试图为改良车牌发放政策,进而实现公共资源的优化配置提供合理化建议。

  5. Word Automaticity of Tree Automatic Scattered Linear Orderings Is Decidable

    CERN Document Server

    Huschenbett, Martin

    2012-01-01

    A tree automatic structure is a structure whose domain can be encoded by a regular tree language such that each relation is recognisable by a finite automaton processing tuples of trees synchronously. Words can be regarded as specific simple trees and a structure is word automatic if it is encodable using only these trees. The question naturally arises whether a given tree automatic structure is already word automatic. We prove that this problem is decidable for tree automatic scattered linear orderings. Moreover, we show that in case of a positive answer a word automatic presentation is computable from the tree automatic presentation.

  6. Semi-automatic analysis of standard uptake values in serial PET/CT studies in patients with lung cancer and lymphoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ly John

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Changes in maximum standardised uptake values (SUVmax between serial PET/CT studies are used to determine disease progression or regression in oncologic patients. To measure these changes manually can be time consuming in a clinical routine. A semi-automatic method for calculation of SUVmax in serial PET/CT studies was developed and compared to a conventional manual method. The semi-automatic method first aligns the serial PET/CT studies based on the CT images. Thereafter, the reader selects an abnormal lesion in one of the PET studies. After this manual step, the program automatically detects the corresponding lesion in the other PET study, segments the two lesions and calculates the SUVmax in both studies as well as the difference between the SUVmax values. The results of the semi-automatic analysis were compared to that of a manual SUVmax analysis using a Philips PET/CT workstation. Three readers did the SUVmax readings in both methods. Sixteen patients with lung cancer or lymphoma who had undergone two PET/CT studies were included. There were a total of 26 lesions. Results Linear regression analysis of changes in SUVmax show that intercepts and slopes are close to the line of identity for all readers (reader 1: intercept = 1.02, R2 = 0.96; reader 2: intercept = 0.97, R2 = 0.98; reader 3: intercept = 0.99, R2 = 0.98. Manual and semi-automatic method agreed in all cases whether SUVmax had increased or decreased between the serial studies. The average time to measure SUVmax changes in two serial PET/CT examinations was four to five times longer for the manual method compared to the semi-automatic method for all readers (reader 1: 53.7 vs. 10.5 s; reader 2: 27.3 vs. 6.9 s; reader 3: 47.5 vs. 9.5 s; p Conclusions Good agreement was shown in assessment of SUVmax changes between manual and semi-automatic method. The semi-automatic analysis was four to five times faster to perform than the manual analysis. These findings show the

  7. Are Avid Readers Lurking in Your Language Arts Classroom? Myths of the Avid Adolescent Reader

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Nance S.; Kelley, Michelle J.

    2010-01-01

    This article describes a pilot study conducted with 10 identified avid adolescent readers who completed the Adolescent Motivation to Read Profile (AMRP) (Pitcher, Albright, DeLaney, Walker, Seunarienesingh, & Moggie, 2007) that includes both a survey to determine students' self-concept and value of reading and an interview that sheds light on what…

  8. Error Detection Mechanism for Words and Sentences: A Comparison between Readers with Dyslexia and Skilled Readers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horowitz-Kraus, Tzipi; Breznitz, Zvia

    2011-01-01

    The activity level of the error monitoring system for processing isolated versus contextual words in Hebrew was studied in adults with dyslexia and skilled readers while committing reading errors. Behavioural measures and event-related potentials were measured during a lexical decision task using words in a list and sentences. Error-related…

  9. Metacognition and Reading: Comparing Three Forms of Metacognition in Normally Developing Readers and Readers with Dyslexia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Furnes, Bjarte; Norman, Elisabeth

    2015-08-01

    Metacognition refers to 'cognition about cognition' and includes metacognitive knowledge, strategies and experiences (Efklides, 2008; Flavell, 1979). Research on reading has shown that better readers demonstrate more metacognitive knowledge than poor readers (Baker & Beall, 2009), and that reading ability improves through strategy instruction (Gersten, Fuchs, Williams, & Baker, 2001). The current study is the first to specifically compare the three forms of metacognition in dyslexic (N = 22) versus normally developing readers (N = 22). Participants read two factual texts, with learning outcome measured by a memory task. Metacognitive knowledge and skills were assessed by self-report. Metacognitive experiences were measured by predictions of performance and judgments of learning. Individuals with dyslexia showed insight into their reading problems, but less general knowledge of how to approach text reading. They more often reported lack of available reading strategies, but groups did not differ in the use of deep and surface strategies. Learning outcome and mean ratings of predictions of performance and judgments of learning were lower in dyslexic readers, but not the accuracy with which metacognitive experiences predicted learning. Overall, the results indicate that dyslexic reading and spelling problems are not generally associated with lower levels of metacognitive knowledge, metacognitive strategies or sensitivity to metacognitive experiences in reading situations.

  10. Proficient Readers' Reading Behavior in Taiwan: The Study of Young Chinese Readers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Li-Chun

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the reading behavior of young proficient Chinese readers at preschool age. Especially, the roles of phonetic skill and Chinese Character recognition in reading comprehension were explored. 10 kindergartens were recruited to participate in the study. Subjects were 72-98 kindergarten children. Instruments…

  11. Usefulness of semi-automatic volumetry compared to established linear measurements in predicting lymph node metastases in MSCT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Buerke, Boris; Puesken, Michael; Heindel, Walter; Wessling, Johannes (Dept. of Clinical Radiology, Univ. of Muenster (Germany)), email: buerkeb@uni-muenster.de; Gerss, Joachim (Dept. of Medical Informatics and Biomathematics, Univ. of Muenster (Germany)); Weckesser, Matthias (Dept. of Nuclear Medicine, Univ. of Muenster (Germany))

    2011-06-15

    Background Volumetry of lymph nodes potentially better reflect asymmetric size alterations independently of lymph node orientation in comparison to metric parameters (e.g. long-axis diameter). Purpose To distinguish between benign and malignant lymph nodes by comparing 2D and semi-automatic 3D measurements in MSCT. Material and Methods FDG-18 PET-CT was performed in 33 patients prior to therapy for malignant melanoma at stage III/IV. One hundred and eighty-six cervico-axillary, abdominal and inguinal lymph nodes were evaluated independently by two radiologists, both manually and with the use of semi-automatic segmentation software. Long axis (LAD), short axis (SAD), maximal 3D diameter, volume and elongation were obtained. PET-CT, PET-CT follow-up and/or histology served as a combined reference standard. Statistics encompassed intra-class correlation coefficients and ROC curves. Results Compared to manual assessment, semi-automatic inter-observer variability was found to be lower, e.g. at 2.4% (95% CI 0.05-4.8) for LAD. The standard of reference revealed metastases in 90 (48%) of 186 lymph nodes. Semi-automatic prediction of lymph node metastases revealed highest areas under the ROC curves for volume (reader 1 0.77, 95%CI 0.64-0.90; reader 2 0.76, 95%CI 0.59-0.86) and SAD (reader 1 0.76, 95%CI 0.64-0.88; reader 2 0.75, 95%CI 0.62-0.89). The findings for LAD (reader 1 0.73, 95%CI 0.60-0.86; reader 2 0.71, 95%CI 0.71, 95%CI 0.57-0.85) and maximal 3D diameter (reader 1 0.70, 95%CI 0.53-0.86; reader 2 0.76, 95%CI 0.50-0.80) were found substantially lower and for elongation (reader 1 0.65, 95%CI 0.50-0.79; reader 2 0.66, 95%CI 0.52-0.81) significantly lower (p < 0.05). Conclusion Semi-automatic analysis of lymph nodes in malignant melanoma is supported by high segmentation quality and reproducibility. As compared to established SAD, semi-automatic lymph node volumetry does not have an additive role for categorizing lymph nodes as normal or metastatic in malignant

  12. Automatic analog IC sizing and optimization constrained with PVT corners and layout effects

    CERN Document Server

    Lourenço, Nuno; Horta, Nuno

    2017-01-01

    This book introduces readers to a variety of tools for automatic analog integrated circuit (IC) sizing and optimization. The authors provide a historical perspective on the early methods proposed to tackle automatic analog circuit sizing, with emphasis on the methodologies to size and optimize the circuit, and on the methodologies to estimate the circuit’s performance. The discussion also includes robust circuit design and optimization and the most recent advances in layout-aware analog sizing approaches. The authors describe a methodology for an automatic flow for analog IC design, including details of the inputs and interfaces, multi-objective optimization techniques, and the enhancements made in the base implementation by using machine leaning techniques. The Gradient model is discussed in detail, along with the methods to include layout effects in the circuit sizing. The concepts and algorithms of all the modules are thoroughly described, enabling readers to reproduce the methodologies, improve the qual...

  13. Document Exploration and Automatic Knowledge Extraction for Unstructured Biomedical Text

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chu, S.; Totaro, G.; Doshi, N.; Thapar, S.; Mattmann, C. A.; Ramirez, P.

    2015-12-01

    We describe our work on building a web-browser based document reader with built-in exploration tool and automatic concept extraction of medical entities for biomedical text. Vast amounts of biomedical information are offered in unstructured text form through scientific publications and R&D reports. Utilizing text mining can help us to mine information and extract relevant knowledge from a plethora of biomedical text. The ability to employ such technologies to aid researchers in coping with information overload is greatly desirable. In recent years, there has been an increased interest in automatic biomedical concept extraction [1, 2] and intelligent PDF reader tools with the ability to search on content and find related articles [3]. Such reader tools are typically desktop applications and are limited to specific platforms. Our goal is to provide researchers with a simple tool to aid them in finding, reading, and exploring documents. Thus, we propose a web-based document explorer, which we called Shangri-Docs, which combines a document reader with automatic concept extraction and highlighting of relevant terms. Shangri-Docsalso provides the ability to evaluate a wide variety of document formats (e.g. PDF, Words, PPT, text, etc.) and to exploit the linked nature of the Web and personal content by performing searches on content from public sites (e.g. Wikipedia, PubMed) and private cataloged databases simultaneously. Shangri-Docsutilizes Apache cTAKES (clinical Text Analysis and Knowledge Extraction System) [4] and Unified Medical Language System (UMLS) to automatically identify and highlight terms and concepts, such as specific symptoms, diseases, drugs, and anatomical sites, mentioned in the text. cTAKES was originally designed specially to extract information from clinical medical records. Our investigation leads us to extend the automatic knowledge extraction process of cTAKES for biomedical research domain by improving the ontology guided information extraction

  14. Chinese deaf readers have early access to parafoveal semantics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yan, Ming; Pan, Jinger; Bélanger, Nathalie N; Shu, Hua

    2015-01-01

    In the present study, we manipulated different types of information available in the parafovea during the reading of Chinese sentences and examined how deaf readers make use of the parafoveal information. Results clearly indicate that although the reading-level matched hearing readers make greater use of orthographic information in the parafovea, parafoveal semantic information is obtained earlier among the deaf readers. In addition, a phonological preview benefit effect was found for the better deaf readers (relative to less-skilled deaf readers), although we also provide an alternative explanation for this effect. Providing evidence that Chinese deaf readers have higher efficiency when processing parafoveal semantics, the study indicates flexibility across individuals in the mechanisms underlying word recognition adapting to the inputs available in the linguistic environment.

  15. Fluorescence-PCR Assays and Isolation of Luminescent Bacterial Clones Using an Automated Plate Reader

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crowley, Thomas E.

    2011-01-01

    The genes responsible for luminescence in various species of the marine microorganism "Photobacterium", have been used for many years as a tool by researchers and instructors. In particular, the "lux" operon of "Photobacterium fischeri" has been used by many instructors to teach recombinant DNA techniques. Two methods using an automated plate…

  16. A plate reader-based method for cell water permeability measurement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fenton, Robert A.; Moeller, H B; Nielsen, S

    2010-01-01

    Cell volume and water permeability measurements in cultured mammalian cells are typically conducted under a light microscope. Many of the employed approaches are time consuming and not applicable to a study of confluent epithelial cell monolayers. We present here an adaptation of a calcein-quenching-based......-mannitol concentrations. Similarly, according average cell volumes have been measured in suspension in a Coulter counter (particle-sizing device). Based on these measurements, we have derived an equation that facilitates the modeling of cell volume changes based on fluorescence intensity changes. We have utilized...

  17. Reception theory and the Christian reader: A preliminary perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. L. Comhrink

    1983-03-01

    Full Text Available In recent years there has been a significant shift in emphasis from text- centred criticism in literature to reader-centred criticism. This new field of criticism, called Reception Theory or Reader Response Criticism, denies the immutable nature of the "text” and regards as its object of study the work of literature that is created through the co-constituent creative and interpre­tive acts o f both writer and reader.

  18. Reception theory and the Christian reader: A preliminary perspective

    OpenAIRE

    A. L. Comhrink

    1983-01-01

    In recent years there has been a significant shift in emphasis from text- centred criticism in literature to reader-centred criticism. This new field of criticism, called Reception Theory or Reader Response Criticism, denies the immutable nature of the "text” and regards as its object of study the work of literature that is created through the co-constituent creative and interpre­tive acts o f both writer and reader.

  19. The Reader Response Approach to Teaching of English Literature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐芳

    2008-01-01

    During interview with English majors, it was found that a majority of students expressed disappointment with their experience of English literature classes. Students' dislike of learning English literature appears to be the major problem of teaching English literature in China. Reader response approach is a good way to solve this problem. In this paper, I explain the rationale behind the reader response approach, such as its origin, definition, features, assumptions, and strategies. Then I illustrate how reader response approach works as a teaching strategy by presenting several teaching models. At last I evaluate its usefuiness for teachers and present the advantages of reader response approach in Chinese context.

  20. Improved reader for magnetically-encoded ID cards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, T. T.

    1979-01-01

    Hybrid demodulator in electronic card reader for magnetically encoded identification cards, accommodates variations in insertion speeds, yet is simpler and less expensive than equivalent all-digital circuits.

  1. 10 CFR 52.173 - Duration of manufacturing license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Duration of manufacturing license. 52.173 Section 52.173... POWER PLANTS Manufacturing Licenses § 52.173 Duration of manufacturing license. A manufacturing license... issuance. A holder of a manufacturing license may not initiate the manufacture of a reactor less than...

  2. 10 CFR 39.13 - Specific licenses for well logging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Specific licenses for well logging. 39.13 Section 39.13 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION LICENSES AND RADIATION SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR WELL LOGGING Specific Licensing Requirements § 39.13 Specific licenses for well logging. The Commission will approve an application for a specific license for the...

  3. 48 CFR 227.7203-4 - License rights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false License rights. 227.7203-4... Software and Computer Software Documentation 227.7203-4 License rights. (a) Grant of license. The... license, under an irrevocable license granted or obtained by the contractor which developed the...

  4. 48 CFR 227.7103-4 - License rights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false License rights. 227.7103-4... 227.7103-4 License rights. (a) Grant of license. The Government obtains rights in technical data, including a copyright license, under and irrevocable license granted or obtained for the Government by...

  5. The e-Reader — an Educational or an Entertainment Tool? e-Readers in an Academic Setting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Ahlroos

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper the authors will discuss a pilot project conducted at the Tritonia Academic Library, Vaasa, in Finland, from September 2010 until May 2011. The project was designed to investigate the application of e-readers in academic settings and to learn how teachers and students experience the use of e-readers in academic education. Four groups of students and one group of teachers used Kindle readers for varied periods of time in different courses. The course material and the textbooks were downloaded on the e-readers. The feedback from the participants was collected through questionnaires and teacher interviews. The results suggest that the e-reader is a future tool for learning, though some features need to be improved before e-readers can really enable efficient learning and researching.

  6. Establishment of licensing process for development reactors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jo, Jong Chull; Yune, Young Gill; Kim, Woong Sik (and others)

    2006-02-15

    A study on licensing processes for development reactors has been performed to prepare the licensing of development reactors developed in Korea. The contents and results of the study are summarized as follows. The licensing processes for nuclear reactors in Korea, U.S.A., Japan, France, U.K., Canada, and IAEA were surveyed and analyzed to obtain technical bases necessary for establishing licensing processes applicable to development reactors in Korea. Based on the technical bases obtained the above analysis, the purpose, power output, and design characteristics of development reactors were analyzed in detail. The analysis results suggested that development reactors should be classified as a new reactor category (called as 'development reactor') separated from the current reactor categories such as the research reactor and the power reactor. Therefore, it is proposed to establish a new reactor category classified as 'development reactor' for the development reactors. And licensing processes, including licensing technical requirements, licensing document requirements, and other regulatory requirements, were also proposed for the development reactors. In order to institutionalize the licensing processes developed in this study, it is necessary to revise the current laws. Therefore, draft provisions of Atomic Energy Act, Enforcement Decree of the Atomic Energy Act, and Enforcement Regulation of the Atomic Energy Act have been developed for the preparation of the future legalization of the licensing processes proposed for the development reactors. Conclusively, a proposal of licensing processes and draft provisions of laws have been developed for the development reactors. The results proposed in this study can be applied directly to the licensing of the future development reactors. Furthermore, they will also contribute to establishing successfully the licensing processes of the development reactors.

  7. Technology Spillover and Licensing Strategy of Patentee

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    The optimal license proportions with and without technology spillover are analyzed with a game-theoretical approach when a patent-holding firm licensed non-drastic process innovation to his incumbent rivals by means of a first price sealed bid auction. The optimal strategy is obtained through solving the game by backward induction. It is found that the range of optimal license proportion is narrower when there is spillover compared to the no spillover case.

  8. Automatic Program Development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    by members of the IFIP Working Group 2.1 of which Bob was an active member. All papers are related to some of the research interests of Bob and, in particular, to the transformational development of programs and their algorithmic derivation from formal specifications. Automatic Program Development offers......Automatic Program Development is a tribute to Robert Paige (1947-1999), our accomplished and respected colleague, and moreover our good friend, whose untimely passing was a loss to our academic and research community. We have collected the revised, updated versions of the papers published in his...... honor in the Higher-Order and Symbolic Computation Journal in the years 2003 and 2005. Among them there are two papers by Bob: (i) a retrospective view of his research lines, and (ii) a proposal for future studies in the area of the automatic program derivation. The book also includes some papers...

  9. Licensing-In Fosters Rapid Invention!

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leone, Maria Isabella; Reichstein, Toke

    2012-01-01

    Drawing on contractual economics and innovation management, licensing-in is hypothesized to accelerate licensees' invention process. Studying a matched dataset of licensees and non-licensees, licensees are shown to be faster at inventing, but the effect is negated if the license includes a grant......-back clause, shifting incentives from licensee to licensor. Also, the effect is significantly reduced if the licensee is unfamiliar with the licensed technology. The effect of the grant-back clause is offset if the licensee is unfamiliar with the licensed technology, suggesting that the licensee retains...

  10. Texas site selection and licensing status

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Avant, R.V. Jr.

    1989-11-01

    Texas has identified a potential site in Hudspeth County in far West Texas near the town of Fort Hancock. Over the past year the Texas Low-Level Radioactive Waste Disposal Authority has been conducting detailed geology, hydrology, meteorology, soils, and flora and fauna evaluations. An authorization by the Board of Directors of the Authority to proceed with a license application, assuming that the detailed evaluation indicates that the site is suitable, is expected by September. A prototype license has been prepared in anticipation of the order to proceed with licensing, and the formal license application is expected to be submitted to the Texas Department of Health-Bureau of Radiation Control in December, meeting the license application milestone. Although site selection processes in all siting areas across the country have experienced organized opposition, El Paso County has funded a particularly well-organized, well-financed program to legally and technically stop consideration of the Fort Hancock site prior to the licensing process. Many procedural, regulatory, and technical issues have been raised which have required responses from the Authority in order to proceed with licensing. This has provided a unique perspective of what to expect from well-organized opposition at the licensing stage. This paper presents an update on the Texas siting activity with detailed information on the site evaluation and license application. Experience of dealing with issues raised by opposition relating to NRC guidelines and rules is also discussed.

  11. Licensing to Market with Logit Demand Functions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YAN Qing-you; ZHU Li-li

    2009-01-01

    This paper studies the licensing of a brand innovation to a monopoly in an uncovered market characterized by a logit demand framework. The innovator is an outsider to the market and sells the license via fixed-fee, royalty or their combinations. It is shown that the license occurs irrespective of whether the utility of the new brand is improved or not, and that the optimal licensing policy for the innovator is fixed-fee only. Ultimately, the monopoly produces both the old and the new brand products, even in the case of utility-improving brand innovation. In addition, the incentive for the innovator was examined.

  12. Compulsory licensing of patents in India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaudhry, Rahul

    2016-09-01

    This article deals with compulsory licensing scenarios in India, provides a background of relevant provisions in the Patents Act and examines how these provisions are Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights compliant. This article further discusses the procedure followed by India in granting a compulsory license, provides an overview of compulsory license applications filed in India to date and judicial precedence regarding the same. This article also highlights how compulsory licensing is a great safeguard that balances the interests of the innovators and the public at large.

  13. What do mind readers know and what do we know about mind readers?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woolley, Jacqueline D

    2014-11-01

    In this commentary, I raise various questions about Kim and Harris's fascinating findings. I ask what kind of knowledge children expect telepathic individuals to have, who children might consider to be good mind readers, why children value telepathy, and how puzzled children are by telepathy. I suggest potential ways to address some of these questions and end by reiterating the importance of probing individual differences in scepticism and credulity.

  14. Automatic text summarization

    CERN Document Server

    Torres Moreno, Juan Manuel

    2014-01-01

    This new textbook examines the motivations and the different algorithms for automatic document summarization (ADS). We performed a recent state of the art. The book shows the main problems of ADS, difficulties and the solutions provided by the community. It presents recent advances in ADS, as well as current applications and trends. The approaches are statistical, linguistic and symbolic. Several exemples are included in order to clarify the theoretical concepts.  The books currently available in the area of Automatic Document Summarization are not recent. Powerful algorithms have been develop

  15. Automatic Camera Control

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Burelli, Paolo; Preuss, Mike

    2014-01-01

    Automatically generating computer animations is a challenging and complex problem with applications in games and film production. In this paper, we investigate howto translate a shot list for a virtual scene into a series of virtual camera configurations — i.e automatically controlling the virtual...... camera. We approach this problem by modelling it as a dynamic multi-objective optimisation problem and show how this metaphor allows a much richer expressiveness than a classical single objective approach. Finally, we showcase the application of a multi-objective evolutionary algorithm to generate a shot...

  16. Generalized Fibonacci zone plates

    CERN Document Server

    Ke, Jie; Zhu, Jianqiang

    2015-01-01

    We propose a family of zone plates which are produced by the generalized Fibonacci sequences and their axial focusing properties are analyzed in detail. Compared with traditional Fresnel zone plates, the generalized Fibonacci zone plates present two axial foci with equal intensity. Besides, we propose an approach to adjust the axial locations of the two foci by means of different optical path difference, and further give the deterministic ratio of the two focal distances which attributes to their own generalized Fibonacci sequences. The generalized Fibonacci zone plates may allow for new applications in micro and nanophotonics.

  17. 78 FR 78956 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-27

    ...), Xiqian (aka Steven) Wei, President, Application Type: New NVO & OFF License Blue Ocean Logistics... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants The Commission gives notice that the following applicants have filed an application for an Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI) license as a...

  18. 75 FR 66104 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-27

    ... Toxicity''. Licensing Status: Available for licensing. Licensing Contact: David A. Lambertson, PhD; 301-435... responses. Blood. 2006 Jun 15;107(12):4597-4605. . 4. Biragyn A, Ruffini PA, Coscia M, Harvey LK, Neelapu...

  19. 76 FR 50216 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-12

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to... corresponding date shown below: License Number: 002364F. Name: Reiko Soejima Gibbs and James Thomas Gibbs...

  20. 76 FR 78007 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-15

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary license has been revoked pursuant to section... corresponding date shown below: License Number: 018407N. Name: Pacific Atlantic Lines, Inc. Address:...

  1. 76 FR 7210 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-09

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to... corresponding date shown below: License Number: 2226F. Name: Foley, III, William Cody dba Cody...

  2. 76 FR 62408 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-07

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to... corresponding date shown below: License Number: 3105F. Name: CJG International, Inc. Address: 40397 Big Oak...

  3. 76 FR 79682 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-22

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to... corresponding date shown below: License Number: 4365N. Name: Logistics Management International, Inc....

  4. 76 FR 28780 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-18

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to... corresponding date shown below: License Number: 2813F. Name: Vital International Freight Services, Inc....

  5. 77 FR 35386 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-13

    ... COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to... corresponding date shown below: License Number: 018547N. Name: Pallets in Motion. Address: 1140 E....

  6. 77 FR 1937 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-12

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to... corresponding date shown below: License Number: 018906NF. Name: Tri-Net Logistics Management, Inc. Address:...

  7. 77 FR 42312 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-18

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocations The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to... bond. LICENSE NUMBER: 023327N. NAME: G & F West Indies Shipping, Inc. ADDRESS: 1416 Blue Hill...

  8. 75 FR 41501 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-16

    .... Inventors: Shyamasundaran Kottilil (NIAID), Howard Young (NCI), Michael Polis (NIAID), Anthony Suffredini... automation. Inventors: David W. Dorward, Vinod Nair, Elizabeth R. Fischer, Bryan Hansen (NIAID). Patent...-2008/2-PCT-01). Licensing Status: Available for licensing. ] Licensing Contact: Michael Shmilovich,...

  9. Infographics for Educational Purposes: Their Structure, Properties and Reader Approaches

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yildirim, Serkan

    2016-01-01

    Infographics are one of the new educational environments used to provide information to their readers in a visual way. Infographics are designed to provide information to their readers using various visuals such as texts, pictures, drawings, diagrams, graphs, etc. The use of infographics becomes increasingly widespread both in advertising…

  10. Sexism Springs Eternal--in the Reader's Digest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zimbardo, Philip G.; Meadow, Wendy

    This document reports on an empirical investigation of anti-women humor appearing in the Reader's Digest over three decades, revealing the operation of an unconscious sexist ideology. A systematic analysis was made of 1,069 jokes appearing in two featured columns of the Reader's Digest for the two-year periods 1947-48, 1957-58, and 1967-68.…

  11. Accelerated Reader/Reading Renaissance. What Works Clearinghouse Intervention Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    What Works Clearinghouse, 2007

    2007-01-01

    The Accelerated Reader/Reading Renaissance program (now called Accelerated Reader Best Classroom Practices) is a guided reading intervention in which teachers direct student reading of text. It involves two components. Reading Renaissance, the first component, is a set of recommended principles on guided reading (or teachers' direction of…

  12. Comparing Reading Processing Strategies of Second Language Readers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parilah M. Shah

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: The message that a writer tries to convey in a text would be subjected to several interpretations by readers. Apparently, reading is a complex process of getting input. A well-known researcher offers two views of reading: (i reading is a process of decoding written symbols and (ii reading is a process of reconstructing meaning. It has also been proposed that readers used reading processing strategies in the process of understanding text. Most language educators are not aware of the specific reading strategies that second language readers utilize. Therefore, it is deemed necessary to conduct a study that could explore the specific types of strategies used and to compare the strategies utilized by readers of differing abilities. Approach: A study is conducted to examine the second language readers use of reading strategies at the Malaysian secondary schools. They read a piece of reading material, and then respond to questionnaires concerning reading strategies such as supervising strategies, support strategies and paraphrase strategies. Results: The findings indicate that there are differences in reading strategies used by second language readers of differing abilities for some of the question items. The results suggest the need to address the incorporation of reading strategy instruction in the language curriculum in order to produce more efficient readers. Conclusion: This investigation is another useful contribution to the applied linguistics research since second language educators would gain better insight into the readers comprehension process.

  13. Investigating the Relationship between Connectives and Readers' Reading Comprehension Level

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gençer, Yusuf; ÇetiInkaya, Gökhan

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between connectives in Turkish texts and readers' reading comprehension. Research was conducted with a total of 50 teachers. In the study group, readers' reading comprehension was determined through 10 descriptive texts by using open-ended questions. The results of the analysis revealed…

  14. Designating Reader Perspective to Increase Comprehension and Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramsay, Crystal M.; Sperling, Rayne A.

    2010-01-01

    In three experiments we examined whether reader perspective on a long expository text could be manipulated such that increased text interest and enhancement of two comprehension outcomes would result. In Experiment 1 we verified the viability of a new text for experimental purposes. We then assigned readers a perspective before reading in…

  15. Teaching Materials for German. G3: Readers. Teaching Materials Lists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Centre for Information on Language Teaching, London (England).

    This publication, part of a bibliography of language teaching materials, lists 91 readers. It contains a contents list, annotated entries, an index of authors, editors, compilers and adapters, and a title index. In addition to basic bibliographical details, the following are provided for each entry: an annotation describing the reader, a statement…

  16. Homophone Effects in Deaf Readers: Evidence from Lexical Decision

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friesen, Deanna C.; Joanisse, Marc F.

    2012-01-01

    The current study examined the nature of deaf readers' phonological processing during online word recognition, and how this compares to similar effects in hearing individuals. Unlike many previous studies on phonological activation, we examined whether deaf readers activated phonological representations for words as opposed to pseudohomophones.…

  17. Chinese Deaf Readers Have Early Access to Parafoveal Semantics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yan, Ming; Pan, Jinger; Bélanger, Nathalie N.; Shu, Hua

    2015-01-01

    In the present study, we manipulated different types of information available in the parafovea during the reading of Chinese sentences and examined how deaf readers make use of the parafoveal information. Results clearly indicate that although the reading-level matched hearing readers make greater use of orthographic information in the parafovea,…

  18. Helping the Slow-Reader in the Primary School Classroom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burke, Edmund V.

    1988-01-01

    A strategy is proposed for primary teachers to use with children who have reading difficulties. It includes developing a profile of each slow reader, testing each slow reader to determine reading level and specific weaknesses, and using certain practical methods to help solve the problem. (two references) (LB)

  19. Can Bold Typeface Improve Readers' Comprehension and Metacomprehension of Negation?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Margolin, Sara J.

    2013-01-01

    Recent research on negation has demonstrated that while readers are aware that this text construction is difficult, they seem to be able to do little to improve their comprehension. The present research evaluated whether a change in typeface could improve comprehension and metacomprehension of negation. Results indicated that while readers were…

  20. A Comparative Review of Stratification Texts and Readers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peoples, Clayton D.

    2012-01-01

    Social stratification is a core substantive area within sociology. There are a number of textbooks and readers available on the market that deal with this central topic. In this article, I conduct a comparative review of (a) four stratification textbooks and (b) four stratification readers. (Contains 2 tables.)

  1. Chinese Mandarin Advanced Course: Newspaper and Periodicals Reader.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lipsett, Dale F.; Poelman, James S.

    This reader provides supplementary materials for improvement of reading fluency and expansion of vocabulary for advanced students of Chinese. It familiarizes students with terminology used in mainland China publications. Twenty articles, taken from several newspapers, are compiled in this reader. Vocabulary lists are provided for each selection.…

  2. Miscue Analysis: A Transformative Tool for Researchers, Teachers, and Readers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodman, Yetta M.

    2015-01-01

    When a reader produces a response to a written text (the observed response) that is not expected by the listener, the result is called a miscue. Using psychosociolingustic analyses of miscues in the context of an authentic text, miscue analysis provides evidence to discover how readers read. I present miscue analysis history and development and…

  3. Stance, Navigation, and Reader Response in Expository Hypertext

    Science.gov (United States)

    McEneaney, John E.; Li, Ledong; Allen, Kris; Guzniczak, Lizabeth

    2009-01-01

    This article reports on two studies investigating reader stance, navigation, and response in expository hypertext. Subjects in the studies included 69 and 147 adult readers prompted to adopt either an efferent or aesthetic stance when reading a 36-node expository hypertext. Reading was followed by recall and essay writing tasks. Results of the…

  4. How Think-and-Feel-Aloud Instruction Influences Poetry Readers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eva-Wood, Amy L.

    2004-01-01

    Assuming readers' emotional responses can inform literary analysis, this study of poetry readers featured an instructional intervention that involved modeling both cognitive and affective reading processes through a think-and-feel-aloud pedagogy. Eleventh-grade students in 2 conditions participated in a 4-week unit on reading poetry. Control group…

  5. Automatic Complexity Analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rosendahl, Mads

    1989-01-01

    One way to analyse programs is to to derive expressions for their computational behaviour. A time bound function (or worst-case complexity) gives an upper bound for the computation time as a function of the size of input. We describe a system to derive such time bounds automatically using abstract...

  6. Exploring Automatization Processes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeKeyser, Robert M.

    1996-01-01

    Presents the rationale for and the results of a pilot study attempting to document in detail how automatization takes place as the result of different kinds of intensive practice. Results show that reaction times and error rates gradually decline with practice, and the practice effect is skill-specific. (36 references) (CK)

  7. Making bulk-conductive glass microchannel plates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yi, Jay J. L.; Niu, Lihong

    2008-02-01

    The fabrication of microchannel plate (MCP) with bulk-conductive characteristics has been studied. Semiconducting clad glass and leachable core glass were used for drawing fibers and making MCP. Co-axial single fiber was drawn from a platinum double-crucible in an automatic fiberizing system, and the fibers were stacked and redrawn into multifiber by a special gripping mechanism. The multifibers were stacked again and the boule was made and sliced into discs. New MCPs were made after chemically leaching process without the traditional hydrogen firing. It was shown that bulk-conductive glass MCP can operate at higher voltage with lower noise.

  8. Automaticity and Reading: Perspectives from the Instance Theory of Automatization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Logan, Gordon D.

    1997-01-01

    Reviews recent literature on automaticity, defining the criteria that distinguish automatic processing from non-automatic processing, and describing modern theories of the underlying mechanisms. Focuses on evidence from studies of reading and draws implications from theory and data for practical issues in teaching reading. Suggests that…

  9. 32 CFR 643.126 - Transportation licenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Transportation licenses. 643.126 Section 643.126... ESTATE Additional Authority of Commanders § 643.126 Transportation licenses. Installation commanders are... free competitive proposals of all available companies or individuals. (b) DD Form 694...

  10. 76 FR 32866 - Cable Landing Licenses; Correction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-07

    ... Systems Agency in the regulations that we published in the Federal Register of January 14, 2002, 67 FR... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 1 Cable Landing Licenses; Correction AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION... streamlined processing of cable landing license applications. Need for Correction As published, the...

  11. 9 CFR 102.2 - Licenses required.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VIRUSES, SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS LICENSES FOR BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS § 102.2 Licenses required. (a) Every person who prepares biological products subject to the Virus-Serum-Toxin...

  12. Licensing failure in the European decentralised procedure

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Langedijk, Joris; Ebbers, Hans C; Mantel-Teeuwisse, Aukje K; Kruger-Peters, Alexandra G; Leufkens, Hubert G M

    2016-01-01

    The majority of the licensing applications in the European Union are submitted via the decentralised procedure. Little is known about licensing failure (i.e. refusal or withdrawal of a marketing authorisation application) in the EU decentralised procedure compared to the EU centralised procedure and

  13. 24 CFR 244.2 - License.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false License. 244.2 Section 244.2 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE OF... FOR GROUP PRACTICE FACILITIES Eligibility Requirements § 244.2 License. The Commissioner shall...

  14. Overdragelse af immaterielle licenser ved virksomhedsoverdragelser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Liin, Birgit; Bülow, Christian

    2012-01-01

    Artiklen belyser mulighederhne for at overdrage immaterielle licenser i forbindelse med virksomhedsoverdragelser i og uden for konkurs, herunder med hjemmel i konkuslovens § 14 c, stk. 2, fra virksomheder under rekonstruktionsbehandling.......Artiklen belyser mulighederhne for at overdrage immaterielle licenser i forbindelse med virksomhedsoverdragelser i og uden for konkurs, herunder med hjemmel i konkuslovens § 14 c, stk. 2, fra virksomheder under rekonstruktionsbehandling....

  15. China Unicom obtained Macao 3G license

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ Macao Telecommunications Administration announced the competitive tender result of 3G license yesterday. There had 5 telecom operators bidding 3 licenses, China Unicom (Macao), Hutchison Telephone (Macao) and CTM won their bids. The other two tender are DIGI and Kong Seng.

  16. 36 CFR 271.4 - Commercial license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Commercial license. 271.4 Section 271.4 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE USE OF âSMOKEY BEARâ SYMBOL § 271.4 Commercial license. (a) The Chief may authorize the commercial...

  17. Your EHR license agreement: critical issues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shay, Daniel F

    2014-01-01

    This article discusses several key provisions and concepts in software license agreements for electronic health records. It offers insight into what physician practices can expect to find in their license agreements, as well as practical advice on beneficial provisions. The article examines contractual language relating to term and termination, technical specifications and support, and compliance with governmental programs.

  18. 24 CFR 232.2 - License.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false License. 232.2 Section 232.2... Eligibility Requirements § 232.2 License. The Commissioner shall not insure any mortgage under this part... facility is or is to be located, and the appropriate agency for such jurisdiction provides a...

  19. NEG-shift, Licensing, and Repair Strategies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Ken Ramshøj

    2008-01-01

    I entertain the idea that the cross-linguistic variation in the licensing of NEG-shift, the movement of negative objects to spec-NegP, can be accounted for by a few representational constraints that are not directly related to case licensing or feature checking, and which potentially conflict wit...

  20. Learning-by-Licensing: How Chinese Firms Benefit From Licensing-In Technologies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wang, Yuandi; Roijakkers, N.; Vanhaverbeke, W.

    2012-01-01

    performance lies in differences of absorptive capacity. In this study, we intend to relax this assumption and use data about 186 Chinese indigenous firms to investigate how differences in in-licensing portfolios lead to different effects on innovation performance. We find that firms benefit from prior in......This paper explores how interfirm variations in their in-licensed technology portfolios influence subsequent innovation performance. Existing studies mainly assume licensed technologies are homogeneously accessible to firms, and a prevailing explanation as to why firms vary in their innovation......-licensing technologies and the result is related to four dimensions of their licensing portfolios. We find that 1) the scale of firms' technology in-licensing has an inverted-U relationship with their subsequent innovation performance; 2) firms that license-in foreign technologies tend to outperform those...

  1. Blue Willow Story Plates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fontes, Kris

    2009-01-01

    In the December 1997 issue of "SchoolArts" is a lesson titled "Blue Willow Story Plates" by Susan Striker. In this article, the author shares how she used this lesson with her middle-school students many times over the years. Here, she describes a Blue Willow plate painting project that her students made.

  2. License - DMPD | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available [ Credits ] BLAST Search Image Search Home About Archive Update History Contact us DMPD Lice... terms and conditions of the Standard License and the Additional License described below. The Standard License specifies the lice...ments you must follow in using this database. The Additional License specifies those items that are exceptio...nally permitted even though they are generally prohibited in the Standard License. Standard License The Standard Lice...nse for this database is the license specified in the Creative Commons A

  3. 42 CFR 431.709 - Issuance and revocation of license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS STATE ORGANIZATION AND GENERAL ADMINISTRATION State Programs for Licensing Nursing Home Administrators § 431.709 Issuance and revocation of license. Except...

  4. Handheld E-Book Readers and Scholarship Report and Reader Survey: ACLS Humanities E-Book. White Paper No. 3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gielen, Nina

    2010-01-01

    This report describes a conversion experiment and subsequent reader survey conducted by the American Council of Learned Societies (ACLS) Humanities E-Book (HEB) in late 2009 and early 2010 to assess the viability of using scholarly monographs with handheld e-readers. As sample content, HEB selected six titles from its own online collection, three…

  5. Readers' Responses When Characters Act on Completed Goals: Impact of Characters' Mental States and Readers' Task Focus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foy, Jeffrey E.; Gerrig, Richard J.

    2014-01-01

    Research has demonstrated that readers track the objective status of characters' goals (i.e., whether the goals have been completed). We suggest that readers also use characters' subjective representations--characters' mental states with respect to goals--to comprehend actions. We explored circumstances in which local information about characters'…

  6. Characteristics of a new automatic hail recorder

    Science.gov (United States)

    Löffler-Mang, Martin; Schön, Dominik; Landry, Markus

    2011-06-01

    An automatic hail sensor was developed, based on signal production with microphones, a quick signal analysis and recording possibility. For this hail recorder (HARE) small piezo-electric microphones inside a Makrolon body are used to detect hailstones. The prototype has an octagonal shape, two microphones on the top and bottom plates situated in the middle of the device, and an electronic board. A hailstone striking the surface produces waves on the sensor body and a voltage in the piezo-electric microphones. Each hail event is stored in the internal memory including the time and date. The memory can be read out via a USB port at any time after one or more hail events. HARE was tested and calibrated with the help of a newly constructed pneumatic hail gun. The voltage signal at the top plate microphone of HARE increases linearly proportional to hailstone momentum, whereas at the bottom plate it increases linearly proportional to hailstone kinetic energy. For large hailstones the accuracy of HARE is in the order of 10%. Calibration of HARE is still in progress and it has not been tested in real hailfalls as yet. An online device as well as an autonomous one is available for a large number of possible applications. Lately there has been interest to use HARE at solar power plants in Southern Europe to prevent the expensive modules from becoming damaged. Perhaps HARE could also participate in new and existing hail observing networks.

  7. Randomized algorithms in automatic control and data mining

    CERN Document Server

    Granichin, Oleg; Toledano-Kitai, Dvora

    2015-01-01

    In the fields of data mining and control, the huge amount of unstructured data and the presence of uncertainty in system descriptions have always been critical issues. The book Randomized Algorithms in Automatic Control and Data Mining introduces the readers to the fundamentals of randomized algorithm applications in data mining (especially clustering) and in automatic control synthesis. The methods proposed in this book guarantee that the computational complexity of classical algorithms and the conservativeness of standard robust control techniques will be reduced. It is shown that when a problem requires "brute force" in selecting among options, algorithms based on random selection of alternatives offer good results with certain probability for a restricted time and significantly reduce the volume of operations.

  8. Automatic Activation of Phonological Code during Visual Word Recognition in Children: A Masked Priming Study in Grades 3 and 5

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sauval, Karinne; Perre, Laetitia; Casalis, Séverine

    2017-01-01

    The present study aimed to investigate the development of automatic phonological processes involved in visual word recognition during reading acquisition in French. A visual masked priming lexical decision experiment was carried out with third, fifth graders and adult skilled readers. Three different types of partial overlap between the prime and…

  9. Examining College Students’ Reading Behaviors and Needs for Ebook Readers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei-Jane Lin

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This study investigates college students’ reading behaviors and attitudes toward print and electronic carriers of books. With the prosperity and variety of ebook readers currently, it is important to understand the genuine needs of the users to better leverage the features and functions of the ebook readers. The methodology of survey research is conducted to explore 76 undergraduate students’ experiences, preferences and appraisals toward reading via the print books and ebook readers. Generally the college students possess positive attitudes toward and are willing to take advantage of the ebook and ebook reader services provided by libraries, but the current rate of use is low. The results suggested that student adoption of ebook readers are affected by their goals of reading. The college students prefer ebook readers significantly for leisure reading, and highly demand the functionality of multimedia presentations and file management. When reading academic contexts, the college students preferred hardcovers and online ebooks via the Web browser, and they value the functions of searching, marking and file management on ebook readers especially. [Article content in Chinese

  10. Automaticity or active control

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tudoran, Ana Alina; Olsen, Svein Ottar

    aspects of the construct, such as routine, inertia, automaticity, or very little conscious deliberation. The data consist of 2962 consumers participating in a large European survey. The results show that habit strength significantly moderates the association between satisfaction and action loyalty, and......This study addresses the quasi-moderating role of habit strength in explaining action loyalty. A model of loyalty behaviour is proposed that extends the traditional satisfaction–intention–action loyalty network. Habit strength is conceptualised as a cognitive construct to refer to the psychological......, respectively, between intended loyalty and action loyalty. At high levels of habit strength, consumers are more likely to free up cognitive resources and incline the balance from controlled to routine and automatic-like responses....

  11. Automatic Ultrasound Scanning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moshavegh, Ramin

    Medical ultrasound has been a widely used imaging modality in healthcare platforms for examination, diagnostic purposes, and for real-time guidance during surgery. However, despite the recent advances, medical ultrasound remains the most operator-dependent imaging modality, as it heavily relies...... on the user adjustments on the scanner interface to optimize the scan settings. This explains the huge interest in the subject of this PhD project entitled “AUTOMATIC ULTRASOUND SCANNING”. The key goals of the project have been to develop automated techniques to minimize the unnecessary settings...... on the scanners, and to improve the computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) in ultrasound by introducing new quantitative measures. Thus, four major issues concerning automation of the medical ultrasound are addressed in this PhD project. They touch upon gain adjustments in ultrasound, automatic synthetic aperture image...

  12. Automatic trend estimation

    CERN Document Server

    Vamos¸, C˘alin

    2013-01-01

    Our book introduces a method to evaluate the accuracy of trend estimation algorithms under conditions similar to those encountered in real time series processing. This method is based on Monte Carlo experiments with artificial time series numerically generated by an original algorithm. The second part of the book contains several automatic algorithms for trend estimation and time series partitioning. The source codes of the computer programs implementing these original automatic algorithms are given in the appendix and will be freely available on the web. The book contains clear statement of the conditions and the approximations under which the algorithms work, as well as the proper interpretation of their results. We illustrate the functioning of the analyzed algorithms by processing time series from astrophysics, finance, biophysics, and paleoclimatology. The numerical experiment method extensively used in our book is already in common use in computational and statistical physics.

  13. Automatic food decisions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mueller Loose, Simone

    Consumers' food decisions are to a large extent shaped by automatic processes, which are either internally directed through learned habits and routines or externally influenced by context factors and visual information triggers. Innovative research methods such as eye tracking, choice experiments...... and food diaries allow us to better understand the impact of unconscious processes on consumers' food choices. Simone Mueller Loose will provide an overview of recent research insights into the effects of habit and context on consumers' food choices....

  14. Automatization of lexicographic work

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iztok Kosem

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available A new approach to lexicographic work, in which the lexicographer is seen more as a validator of the choices made by computer, was recently envisaged by Rundell and Kilgarriff (2011. In this paper, we describe an experiment using such an approach during the creation of Slovene Lexical Database (Gantar, Krek, 2011. The corpus data, i.e. grammatical relations, collocations, examples, and grammatical labels, were automatically extracted from 1,18-billion-word Gigafida corpus of Slovene. The evaluation of the extracted data consisted of making a comparison between the time spent writing a manual entry and a (semi-automatic entry, and identifying potential improvements in the extraction algorithm and in the presentation of data. An important finding was that the automatic approach was far more effective than the manual approach, without any significant loss of information. Based on our experience, we would propose a slightly revised version of the approach envisaged by Rundell and Kilgarriff in which the validation of data is left to lower-level linguists or crowd-sourcing, whereas high-level tasks such as meaning description remain the domain of lexicographers. Such an approach indeed reduces the scope of lexicographer’s work, however it also results in the ability of bringing the content to the users more quickly.

  15. VarifocalReader--In-Depth Visual Analysis of Large Text Documents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koch, Steffen; John, Markus; Wörner, Michael; Müller, Andreas; Ertl, Thomas

    2014-12-01

    Interactive visualization provides valuable support for exploring, analyzing, and understanding textual documents. Certain tasks, however, require that insights derived from visual abstractions are verified by a human expert perusing the source text. So far, this problem is typically solved by offering overview-detail techniques, which present different views with different levels of abstractions. This often leads to problems with visual continuity. Focus-context techniques, on the other hand, succeed in accentuating interesting subsections of large text documents but are normally not suited for integrating visual abstractions. With VarifocalReader we present a technique that helps to solve some of these approaches' problems by combining characteristics from both. In particular, our method simplifies working with large and potentially complex text documents by simultaneously offering abstract representations of varying detail, based on the inherent structure of the document, and access to the text itself. In addition, VarifocalReader supports intra-document exploration through advanced navigation concepts and facilitates visual analysis tasks. The approach enables users to apply machine learning techniques and search mechanisms as well as to assess and adapt these techniques. This helps to extract entities, concepts and other artifacts from texts. In combination with the automatic generation of intermediate text levels through topic segmentation for thematic orientation, users can test hypotheses or develop interesting new research questions. To illustrate the advantages of our approach, we provide usage examples from literature studies.

  16. Pixelated neutron image plates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schlapp, M.; Conrad, H.; von Seggern, H.

    2004-09-01

    Neutron image plates (NIPs) have found widespread application as neutron detectors for single-crystal and powder diffraction, small-angle scattering and tomography. After neutron exposure, the image plate can be read out by scanning with a laser. Commercially available NIPs consist of a powder mixture of BaFBr : Eu2+ and Gd2O3 dispersed in a polymer matrix and supported by a flexible polymer sheet. Since BaFBr : Eu2+ is an excellent x-ray storage phosphor, these NIPs are particularly sensitive to ggr-radiation, which is always present as a background radiation in neutron experiments. In this work we present results on NIPs consisting of KCl : Eu2+ and LiF that were fabricated into ceramic image plates in which the alkali halides act as a self-supporting matrix without the necessity for using a polymeric binder. An advantage of this type of NIP is the significantly reduced ggr-sensitivity. However, the much lower neutron absorption cross section of LiF compared with Gd2O3 demands a thicker image plate for obtaining comparable neutron absorption. The greater thickness of the NIP inevitably leads to a loss in spatial resolution of the image plate. However, this reduction in resolution can be restricted by a novel image plate concept in which a ceramic structure with square cells (referred to as a 'honeycomb') is embedded in the NIP, resulting in a pixelated image plate. In such a NIP the read-out light is confined to the particular illuminated pixel, decoupling the spatial resolution from the optical properties of the image plate material and morphology. In this work, a comparison of experimentally determined and simulated spatial resolutions of pixelated and unstructured image plates for a fixed read-out laser intensity is presented, as well as simulations of the properties of these NIPs at higher laser powers.

  17. Usability and Accessibility of eBay by Screen Reader

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buzzi, Maria Claudia; Buzzi, Marina; Leporini, Barbara; Akhter, Fahim

    The evolution of Information and Communication Technology and the rapid growth of the Internet have fuelled a great diffusion of eCommerce websites. Usually these sites have complex layouts crowded with active elements, and thus are difficult to navigate via screen reader. Interactive environments should be properly designed and delivered to everyone, including the blind, who usually use screen readers to interact with their computers. In this paper we investigate the interaction of blind users with eBay, a popular eCommerce website, and discuss how using the W3C Accessible Rich Internet Applications (WAI-ARIA) suite could improve the user experience when navigating via screen reader.

  18. RFID reader design for identification of industrial metallic objects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szczurkowski, M.; Jankowski, H.; Worek, C.; Maksymowicz, L. J.

    2006-10-01

    An electronic circuit design of the RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) reader was the aim of our research. This device is designed for identification of transponders, which are present on the surface of metal elements or inside machine elements made of metal. In order to achieve that, we optimized the antenna reader circuit, that works in near field (magnetic coupling), by means of field flux lines analysis (using finite elements method) and experimental data collecting. Finally, one obtaines a specific shaped magnetic field around the reader.

  19. Teenagers Poor Readers: Evaluation of Basic Cognitive Process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosa del Carmen Flores Macías

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The present study aims to investigate the cognitive processes associated with reading difficulties of teenage poor readers. Several studies suggest that this population presents a poor comprehension, despite reading the words properly and have good phonological skills (which distinguishes them from a population with dyslexia. With a comparative cross-sectional design the Sicole-R multimedia battery, which assesses basic cognitive processes related to reading, was applied to participants. Results indicate that poor reader students exhibit a lower performance than normal readers in phonological awareness, orthographic processing and processing syntax, although only the latter comparison was statistically significant.

  20. E-Books on the Mobile E-Reader

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chulyun Kim

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The market for e-books has been established during the past several years. Many e-book readers are commercially available, and millions of e-book titles are available for purchase or free download. E-paper technology has matured enough to be used as the screen for dedicated e-book readers which make reading possible with the familiar feel of reading printed books. In this paper, we provide a comprehensive review of the status of the e-book, including the architecture and features of e-book readers, market adoption and e-book industry ecosystem.

  1. ChooseMyPlate.gov

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Topics Eating on a Budget Create a Grocery Game Plan Shop Smart to Fill Your Cart Prepare ... Eating on a Budget MyPlate Tip Sheets MyPlate Quiz Supertracker What's Cooking Tips Twitter What's New? MyPlate, ...

  2. Plate removal following orthognathic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Little, Mhairi; Langford, Richard Julian; Bhanji, Adam; Farr, David

    2015-11-01

    The objectives of this study are to determine the removal rates of orthognathic plates used during orthognathic surgery at James Cook University Hospital and describe the reasons for plate removal. 202 consecutive orthognathic cases were identified between July 2004 and July 2012. Demographics and procedure details were collected for these patients. Patients from this group who returned to theatre for plate removal between July 2004 and November 2012 were identified and their notes were analysed for data including reason for plate removal, age, smoking status, sex and time to plate removal. 3.2% of plates were removed with proportionally more plates removed from the mandible than the maxilla. 10.4% of patients required removal of one or more plate. Most plates were removed within the first post-operative year. The commonest reasons for plate removal were plate exposure and infection. The plate removal rates in our study are comparable to those seen in the literature.

  3. Plating in Top Agar

    OpenAIRE

    sprotocols

    2014-01-01

    1. Warm plates to room temperature before use. Cold plates causes the top agar to solidify irregularly. DO not warm plates to 37° as the top agar will take forever to solidify. - Prepare top agar as the appropriate liquid medium with 0.7% agar. Keeping 100 mL bottles is convenient. For phages, use λ top agar, which is less rich and yields bigger plaques. - Melt top agar in the microwave completely. Allow the agar to boil after liquification; incompletely melted agar looks liquid, but is...

  4. Anisotropic elastic plates

    CERN Document Server

    Hwu, Chyanbin

    2010-01-01

    As structural elements, anisotropic elastic plates find wide applications in modern technology. The plates here are considered to be subjected to not only in plane load but also transverse load. In other words, both plane and plate bending problems as well as the stretching-bending coupling problems are all explained in this book. In addition to the introduction of the theory of anisotropic elasticity, several important subjects have are discussed in this book such as interfaces, cracks, holes, inclusions, contact problems, piezoelectric materials, thermoelastic problems and boundary element a

  5. Designing Assemblies Of Plates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, F. W.; Kennedy, D.; Butler, R.; Aston, G.; Anderson, M. S.

    1992-01-01

    VICONOPT calculates vibrations and instabilities of assemblies of prismatic plates. Designed for efficient, accurate analysis of buckling and vibration, and for optimum design of panels of composite materials. Written in FORTRAN 77.

  6. Tectonic Plate Movement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Landalf, Helen

    1998-01-01

    Presents an activity that employs movement to enable students to understand concepts related to plate tectonics. Argues that movement brings topics to life in a concrete way and helps children retain knowledge. (DDR)

  7. Create Your Plate

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... blood glucose levels and lose weight. With this method, you fill your plate with more non-starchy ... you have an easy portion control solution that works. Last Reviewed: October 8, 2015 Last Edited: September ...

  8. Automatic Chloroplast Movement Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johansson, Henrik; Zeidler, Mathias

    2016-01-01

    In response to low or high intensities of light, the chloroplasts in the mesophyll cells of the leaf are able to increase or decrease their exposure to light by accumulating at the upper and lower sides or along the side walls of the cell respectively. This movement, regulated by the phototropin blue light photoreceptors phot1 and phot2, results in a decreased or increased transmission of light through the leaf. This way the plant is able to optimize harvesting of the incoming light or avoid damage caused by excess light. Here we describe a method that indirectly measures the movement of chloroplasts by taking advantage of the resulting change in leaf transmittance. By using a microplate reader, quantitative measurements of chloroplast accumulation or avoidance can be monitored over time, for multiple samples with relatively little hands-on time.

  9. Fractal multifiber microchannel plates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cook, Lee M.; Feller, W. B.; Kenter, Almus T.; Chappell, Jon H.

    1992-01-01

    The construction and performance of microchannel plates (MCPs) made using fractal tiling mehtods are reviewed. MCPs with 40 mm active areas having near-perfect channel ordering were produced. These plates demonstrated electrical performance characteristics equivalent to conventionally constructed MCPs. These apparently are the first MCPs which have a sufficiently high degree of order to permit single channel addressability. Potential applications for these devices and the prospects for further development are discussed.

  10. Origami - Folded Plate Structures

    OpenAIRE

    Buri, Hans Ulrich

    2010-01-01

    This research investigates new methods of designing folded plate structures that can be built with cross-laminated timber panels. Folded plate structures are attractive to both architects and engineers for their structural, spatial, and plastic qualities. Thin surfaces can be stiffened by a series of folds, and thus not only cover space, but also act as load bearing elements. The variation of light and shadow along the folded faces emphasizes the plas...

  11. Are e-readers suitable tools for scholarly work?

    CERN Document Server

    Schomisch, Siegfried; Mayr, Philipp

    2012-01-01

    This paper aims to offer insights into the usability, acceptance and limitations of e-readers with regard to the specific requirements of scholarly text work. To fit into the academic workflow non-linear reading, bookmarking, commenting, extracting text or the integration of non-textual elements must be supported. A group of social science students were questioned about their experiences with electronic publications for study purposes. This same group executed several text-related tasks with the digitized material presented to them in two different file formats on four different e-readers. Their performances were subsequently evaluated by means of frequency analyses in detail. Findings - e-Publications have made advances in the academic world; however e-readers do not yet fit seamlessly into the established chain of scholarly text-processing focusing on how readers use material during and after reading. Our tests revealed major deficiencies in these techniques. With a small number of participants (n=26) quali...

  12. Students Explore Text, Themselves, and Life through Reader Response.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moutray, Carol L.; Pollard, Jean Ann; McGinley, Jill

    2001-01-01

    Examines the benefits of reader response by means of student letters to authors. Notes that students involved in response writing become more interested in reading, are more reflective individuals, and more responsible for monitoring and resolving their own questions. (SD)

  13. 'Reading' bubble chamber pictures with the Spiral Reader eyes.

    CERN Multimedia

    1974-01-01

    Interactive techniques were widely used to study bubble chamber pictures. After a visual scanning of the pictures and a vertex measurement on a Shivamatic, the Spiral Reader allowed the track polar coordinates to be easily measured. See photo 7408137X

  14. "Pro Patria": Young Readers and the "Great War."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fox, Geoff

    1985-01-01

    Provides a thematic presentation of poems written for young readers during the First World War. Draws heavily upon the poems and articles that appeared in "The Boy's Own Paper," a British popular magazine of the period. (HOD)

  15. The Reading-Writing Connection for Struggling Readers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aihara, Kathleen; Au, Kathryn; Carroll, Jacquelin; Nakanishi, Patricia; Scheu, Judith; Wong-Kam, Jo Ann

    1999-01-01

    Describes and discusses six recent books for teachers that illuminate, from different perspectives, aspects of the reading-writing connection for struggling readers, and how to teach reading and writing effectively. (SR)

  16. ERIC/RCS: Reader Response in the Classroom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holbrook, Hilary Taylor

    1987-01-01

    Explores briefly the New Criticism that dominated literature instruction until recently and then provides an overview of reader response theory and how response approaches can be used in the classroom to enhance reading. (NKA)

  17. What Is That Lapping the Miles?: Responding to Reader Response.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seib, Kenneth

    1995-01-01

    Responds to an article in an earlier issue of this journal about using reading response in a college literature classroom. Argues that the use of reader-response theory with two-year college students requires some caution. (SR)

  18. 10 CFR 52.109 - Continuation of combined license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) LICENSES, CERTIFICATIONS, AND APPROVALS FOR NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS Combined Licenses § 52.109 Continuation of combined license. Each combined license for a... continue to maintain the facility, including, where applicable, the storage, control and maintenance of...

  19. 10 CFR 51.54 - Environmental report-manufacturing license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Environmental report-manufacturing license. 51.54 Section... report—manufacturing license. (a) Each applicant for a manufacturing license under subpart F of part 52... Environmental Report—Manufacturing License.” The environmental report must address the costs and benefits...

  20. 10 CFR 52.175 - Transfer of manufacturing license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Transfer of manufacturing license. 52.175 Section 52.175 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) LICENSES, CERTIFICATIONS, AND APPROVALS FOR NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS Manufacturing Licenses § 52.175 Transfer of manufacturing license. A manufacturing...

  1. 10 CFR 52.167 - Issuance of manufacturing license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Issuance of manufacturing license. 52.167 Section 52.167... POWER PLANTS Manufacturing Licenses § 52.167 Issuance of manufacturing license. (a) After completing any... manufacturing license if the Commission finds that: (1) Applicable standards and requirements of the Act and...

  2. 75 FR 60124 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-29

    .... LICENSE NUMBER: 019206NF. NAME: Fun N Stuff International USA, Inc. dba Air Ocean Land Transport Logistics...: Surrendered license voluntarily. LICENSE NUMBER: 020934N. NAME: D.L. International Logistics Inc. ADDRESS... corresponding date shown below: LICENSE NUMBER: 003555F. NAME: Thomas Griffin International, Inc. ADDRESS:...

  3. 78 FR 79018 - Request for a License To Export Deuterium

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-27

    ... COMMISSION Request for a License To Export Deuterium Pursuant to 10 CFR 110.70 (b) ``Public Notice of Receipt... received the following request for an export license. Copies of the request are available electronically.... The information concerning this export license application follows. ] NRC Export License...

  4. 7 CFR 6.32 - Globalization of licenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Globalization of licenses. 6.32 Section 6.32 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture IMPORT QUOTAS AND FEES Dairy Tariff-Rate Import Quota Licensing § 6.32 Globalization of licenses. If the Licensing Authority determines that entries of an...

  5. 76 FR 7210 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-09

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary license has been reissued by the Federal Maritime Commission pursuant to section 19... to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR part 515. License No....

  6. 77 FR 13605 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-07

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been reissued by the Federal Maritime Commission pursuant to section 19... to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR Part 515. License no....

  7. 48 CFR 252.227-7004 - License grant.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false License grant. 252.227... Clauses 252.227-7004 License grant. As prescribed at 227.7009-3(a), insert the following clause in patent releases, license agreements, and assignments: License Grant (AUG 1984) (a) The Contractor hereby grants...

  8. 76 FR 30360 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-25

    ...] [FR Doc No: 2011-12969] FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License... Commission an application for a license as a Non-Vessel-Operating Common Carrier (NVO) and/or Ocean Freight... applications to amend an existing OTI license or the Qualifying Individual (QI) for a license....

  9. 76 FR 16421 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-23

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been reissued by the Federal Maritime Commission pursuant to section 19... to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR part 515. License No....

  10. 48 CFR 252.227-7005 - License term.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false License term. 252.227-7005... Clauses 252.227-7005 License term. As prescribed at 227.7009-3(b), insert one of the following clauses in patent releases, license agreements, and assignments: License Term (OCT 2001) Alternate I (AUG 1984)....

  11. 77 FR 1937 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-12

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been reissued by the Federal Maritime Commission pursuant to section 19... to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR part 515. License No....

  12. 76 FR 28779 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-18

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been reissued by the Federal Maritime Commission pursuant to section 19... to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR part 515. License No....

  13. 76 FR 50216 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-12

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been reissued by the Federal Maritime Commission pursuant to section 19... to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR part 515. License No....

  14. 76 FR 76411 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-07

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been reissued by the Federal Maritime Commission pursuant to section 19... to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR part 515. ] License No....

  15. 7 CFR 51.35 - Surrender of license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Surrender of license. 51.35 Section 51.35 Agriculture... Licensing of Inspectors § 51.35 Surrender of license. Upon termination of his services as a licensed... the office of inspection serving the area in which he is located. These same provisions shall apply...

  16. Automatic Weissenberg data collection system for time-resolved protein crystallography

    CERN Document Server

    Sakabe, N; Higashi, T; Igarashi, N; Suzuki, M; Watanabe, N; Sasaki, K

    2001-01-01

    A totally new type of fully automatic Weissenberg data-collection system called 'Galaxy' was developed and was installed at the Photon Factory. This automatic data collection system consists of a rotated-inclined focusing monochromator, a screenless Weissenberg type camera, an image reader, an eraser, a cassette transportation mechanism, a control console and a safety and high-speed computer network system linking a control console, data processing computers and data servers. The special characteristics of this system are a Weissenberg camera with a fully cylindrical cassette which can be rotated to exchange a frame, a maximum number of 36 images to be recorded in an IP cassette, and a very high speed IP reader with five reading heads. Since the frame exchange time is only a few seconds, this system is applicable for time-resolved protein crystallography at seconds or minutes of time-scale.

  17. Making a Commitment to Strategic-Reader Training

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    FREDRICKA L. STOLLER; REIKO KOMIYAMA

    2013-01-01

    Skilled readers by definition are strategic; they are able to use a repertoire of reading strategies , flexibly and in meaningful combinations , to achieve their reading comprehension goals . Thus , one of the aims of foreign and second language (L2) reading curricula should be to move students toward becoming more strategic readers . This curricular orientation can be best achieved when a strong commitment is made to strategic-reader training as a regular and consistent component of instruction across the curriculum . To explore this stance , we examine the reading strategies used by skilled readers , contrast teaching strategies with training strategic readers ( i .e . , strategic-reader training) , and examine five strategic-reader training approaches from first language contexts that can be adapted by L2 professionals to enhance the reading instruction offered in their L 2 classes . The five approaches targeted for exploration include Directed Reading-Thinking Activity , Reciprocal Teaching , Transactional Strategies Instruction , Questioning the Author , and Concept-Oriented Reading Instruction . Though distinct from one another , they all acknowledge the importance of explicit explanations about strategies (or reminders about the use of select strategies) , teacher modeling , scaffolded tasks , active student engagement , student practice , classroom discussions of strategy use , and the gradual release of responsibility to students who eventually decide for themselves (and/or with peers) when , where , and why to use which strategies to achieve their comprehension goals . We conclude with a discussion of the challenges , and suggestions for overcoming them , that L 2 teachers and students often face in making a commitment to strategic-reader training .

  18. Microplate-reader method for the rapid analysis of copper in natural waters with chemiluminescence detection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Axel eDurand

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available We have developed a method for the determination of copper in natural waters at nanomolar levels. The use of a microplate-reader minimises sample processing time (~ 25 sec per sample, reagent consumption (~ 120 μL per sample and sample volume (~ 700 μL. Copper is detected by chemiluminescence. This technique is based on the formation of a complex between copper and 1,10-phenanthroline and the subsequent emission of light during the oxidation of the complex by hydrogen peroxide. Samples are acidified to pH 1.7 and then introduced directly into a 24-well plate. Reagents are added during data acquisition via two reagent injectors. When trace metal clean protocols are employed, the reproducibility is generally less then 7% on blanks and the detection limit is 0.7 nM for seawater and 0.4 nM for freshwater. More than 100 samples per hour can be analyzed with this technique, which is simple, robust, and amenable to at-sea analysis. Seawater samples from Storm Bay in Tasmania illustrate the utility of the method for environmental science. Indeed other trace metals for which optical detection methods exist (e.g. chemiluminescence, fluorescence and absorbance could be adapted to the microplate-reader.

  19. Vibration and Buckling of Web Plate of the Plate Girder

    OpenAIRE

    高橋, 和雄; 呉, 明強; 中澤, 聡志; 筑紫, 宏之

    1998-01-01

    The vibration and buckling of the web of the plate girder are studied in this paper. The small deflection theory of the thin plate is used. The finite strip method is employed to solve vibration and buckling of the plate girder. Natural frequenies of buckling properties are shown for various plate girder bridges.

  20. RFID Reader Anticollision Protocols for Dense and Mobile Deployments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdoul Aziz Mbacke

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available The rapid development of RFID (Radio Frequency IDentification technology has allowed its large adoption and led to increasing deployments of RFID solutions in diverse environments under varying scenarios and constraints. The nature of these constraints ranges from the amount to the mobility of the readers deployed, which in turn highly affects the quality of the RFID system, causing reading collisions. Although several solutions were proposed to engage the issue of reading collision, few were ever concerned with the densification and/or mobility of readers. This paper proposes two distributed TDMA (Time Division Multiple Access approaches designed to reduce these collisions through local coordination between neighboring devices for different scenarios tested here. The first proposal is based on a reservation phase organized between readers with different priority levels given to readers depending on their previous success. The second one takes advantage of the particular case of RFID collisions, allowing a local and mutual decision of each reader to access or not tags in their vicinity. Simulations were run over different stressful environments in terms of tag/reader density and mobility, proving that our proposals achieved the best performance in terms of throughput, collision avoidance and coverage delay when compared to other collision reducing schemes.