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Sample records for automatic implantable cardioverter

  1. [Experience with the use of an implantable automatic cardioverter defibrillator].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dórticos, F; Zayas, R; Dorantes, M; Tain, J; Bueno, J; Carballido, J; Sainz, H

    1990-01-01

    An automatic implantable cardioverter-defibrillator with pacemaker was implanted in Cuba, in ten patients with malignant ventricular arrhythmias, sudden cardiac collapse, and ventricular tachycardia with syncope, after a previous electrophysiological study for analysis of the arrhythmia and pharmacological evaluation. The patients were 9 males, ranging in age from 23 a 70 years, with a mean of 48 years, and an ejection fraction of 32% (18-62%). The etiologies were: an old myocardial infarction (7 cases) and dilated cardiomyopathy (3 cases). During the follow-up, mean from 2 to 25 months, four patients received effective shocks for rapid palpitations and presyncope. Two patients died, one due to incessant ventricular tachycardia and one of a cause unrelated to device. We concluded that the GUARDIAN 4201 and 4202 device are useful to prevent sudden cardiac death in high risk patients who experienced a life threatening arrhythmia.

  2. Implantation of automatic cardioverter-defibrillators via median sternotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brodman, R; Fisher, J D; Furman, S; Johnston, D R; Kim, S G; Matos, J A; Waspe, L E

    1984-11-01

    15 AICD (automatic implantable cardioverter-defibrillator) Model B units were implanted in 10 patients. The median sternotomy is our preferred surgical approach using a right atrial patch electrode, a left ventricular apex patch electrode, and two closely placed epicardial sensing electrodes. Follow-up is 109 patient months and all patients are alive. AICD units discharged for ventricular tachycardia, ventricular flutter, and ventricular fibrillation. Discharges also occurred for sinus tachycardia and atrial fibrillation above the rate limit in three units. Premature pulse generator depletion has occurred in four AICD-B units 3 to 18 months postimplant and appears due to a defect in original battery design. Discharge of the AICD for supraventricular tachycardia is a problem that will remain until a better means of differentiating supraventricular tachycardia from ventricular tachyarrhythmias is found. The AICD appears to prevent sudden death from ventricular tachyarrhythmias.

  3. Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... To Health Topics / Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators Also known as What Is an Implantable Cardioverter ... pacemakers and defibrillators. Comparison of an Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator and a Pacemaker The image compares an ICD ...

  4. Survival of patients with the automatic implantable cardioverter defibrillator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mercando, A D; Furman, S; Johnston, D; Frame, R; Brodman, R; Kim, S G; Fisher, J D

    1988-11-01

    Between May 1982 and May 1988, 37 patients (28 males and 9 females, mean age 57.6, range 16-76 years) of approximately 600 evaluated for sustained ventricular tachycardia and/or fibrillation (VT/VF) were treated with an automatic implantable cardioverter defibrillator (AICD). Twenty-eight of the patients had coronary artery disease, 7 had nonischemic cardiomyopathy, 1 had amyloid heart disease, and 1 had rheumatic heart disease. The mean ejection fraction was 32.2 +/- 12.9% (range, 9-64%). Eleven patients have died at a mean of 16.7 months after implantation. The cumulative survival rate was 81% at 1 year, 77% at 2 years, 68% at 3 years, and 53% at 4, 5, and 6 years. Considering only sudden deaths, the survival was 97% at 1 and 2 years, 90% at 3 years, and 80% at 4, 5, and 6 years. Twenty-one of the 37 patients received spontaneous shocks. If the first shock marks the time to death in the absence of an AICD, the cumulative survival rate would have been 56% at 1 year, 42% at 2 years, 29% at 3 years, and 14% at 4, 5, and 6 years. The maximum amount of time to a first appropriate shock was 39.7 months. Thirty-nine devices have been explanted: 28 for battery depletion; 5 for infections; 3 for improper sensing; 2 for electronic failure; and 1 at the time of cardiac transplantation. The average time to failure of the 28 units removed for battery depletion was 19.8 +/- 6.9 months.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

  5. Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... medlineplus.gov/ency/article/007370.htm Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator To use the sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. An implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) is a device that detects any life- ...

  6. Implantable cardioverter defibrillator - discharge

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... medlineplus.gov/ency/patientinstructions/000108.htm Implantable cardioverter defibrillator - discharge To use the sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. An implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) is a device that detects a life- ...

  7. Automatic implantable cardioverter/defibrillator: inadvertent discharges during permanent pacemaker magnet tests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, S G; Furman, S; Matos, J A; Waspe, L E; Brodman, R; Fisher, J D

    1987-05-01

    A patient with an automatic implantable cardioverter defibrillator (AICD) received two inadvertent shocks when a magnet was placed over the pacer during a routine permanent pacer check. Analysis of the rhythm strip suggested that both patients' QRS complexes (133 beats/minute) and asynchronous pacer artifacts (70 beats/minute) were counted by the AICD sensing system and exceeded the rate criteria of 153 beats/minute. This resulted in shocks from the AICD during sinus rhythm at 133 beats/minute. To avoid possible inadvertent shocks, an AICD should be deactivated while a magnet is placed over the pacemaker during a permanent pacer check.

  8. Domains of nursing intervention after sudden cardiac arrest and automatic internal cardioverter defibrillator implantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dougherty, C M; Benoliel, J Q; Bellin, C

    2000-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to explore individual and family experiences after sudden cardiac arrest and automatic internal cardioverter defibrillator implantation during the first year of recovery. This report specifically addresses the domains of concern expressed and helpful strategies used by participants that are relevant to the development of future intervention programs. A grounded theory approach was used to gain an understanding of areas of concern of sudden cardiac arrest survivors and families that could be used when designing future nursing interventions. Semistructured interviews were conducted with both sudden cardiac arrest survivors and 1 family member each at 5 points during the first year of recovery (hospitalization; 1, 3, 6, and 12 months after hospitalization). Participants were asked to identify those specific areas that most concerned them and that they would like assistance with during the first year. A total of 150 interviews were conducted with 176 hours of data generated. The study focused on 10 northwest urban community medical centers and participants' homes within a 50-mile driving distance from the medical centers. The sample included 15 first-time sudden cardiac arrest survivors (13 men and 2 women) and 1 family member each between the ages of 31 and 72 years. Domains of concern identified by participants that can be used to design future nursing intervention programs included preventive care, dealing with automatic internal cardioverter defibrillator shocks, emotional challenges, physical changes, activities of daily living, partner relationships, and dealing with health care providers. Suggestions of helpful strategies used by participants during the first year are outlined. Domains of concern and helpful strategies identified by participants provide a framework for the development and testing of nursing intervention programs to enhance recovery following sudden cardiac arrest for survivors and their families.

  9. Multicenter Automatic Defibrillator Implantation Trial-Subcutaneous Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (MADIT S-ICD): Design and clinical protocol

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kutyifa, Valentina; Beck, Christopher; Brown, Mary W.; Cannom, David; Daubert, James; Estes, Mark; Greenberg, Henry; Goldenberg, Ilan; Hammes, Stephen; Huang, David; Klein, Helmut; Knops, Reinoud; Kosiborod, Mikhail; Poole, Jeanne; Schuger, Claudio; Singh, Jagmeet P.; Solomon, Scott; Wilber, David; Zareba, Wojciech; Moss, Arthur J.

    2017-01-01

    Patients with diabetes mellitus, prior myocardial infarction, older age, and a relatively preserved left ventricular ejection fraction remain at risk for sudden cardiac death that is potentially amenable by the subcutaneous implantable cardioverter defibrillator with a good risk-benefit profile. The

  10. Automatic remote monitoring utilizing daily transmissions: transmission reliability and implantable cardioverter defibrillator battery longevity in the TRUST trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varma, Niraj; Love, Charles J; Schweikert, Robert; Moll, Philip; Michalski, Justin; Epstein, Andrew E

    2017-05-10

    Benefits of automatic remote home monitoring (HM) among implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) patients may require high transmission frequency. However, transmission reliability and effects on battery longevity remain uncertain. We hypothesized that HM would have high transmission success permitting punctual guideline based follow-up, and improve battery longevity. This was tested in the prospective randomized TRUST trial. Implantable cardioverter defibrillator patients were randomized post-implant 2:1 to HM (n = 908) (transmit daily) or to Conventional in-person monitoring [conventional management (CM), n = 431 (HM disabled)]. In both groups, five evaluations were scheduled every 3 months for 15 months. Home Monitoring technology performance was assessed by transmissions received vs. total possible, and number of scheduled HM checks failing because of missed transmissions. Battery longevity was compared in HM vs. CM at 15 months, and again in HM 3 years post-implant using continuously transmitted data. Transmission success per patient was 91% (median follow-up of 434 days). Overall, daily HM transmissions were received in 315 795 of a potential 363 450 days (87%). Only 55/3759 (1.46%) of unsuccessful scheduled evaluations in HM were attributed to transmission loss. Shock frequency and pacing percentage were similar in HM vs. CM. Fifteen month battery longevity was 12% greater in HM (93.2 ± 8.8% vs. 83.5 ± 6.0% CM, P battery longevity was 50.9 ± 9.1% (median 52%) at 36 months. Automatic remote HM demonstrated robust transmission reliability. Daily transmission load may be sustained without reducing battery longevity. Home Monitoring conserves battery longevity and tracks long term device performance. ClinicalTrials.gov; NCT00336284.

  11. Morphological detection algorithms for the automatic implantable cardioverter/defibrillator (AICD).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaup, H J; Hexamer, M; Werner, J

    2004-11-01

    To prevent sudden cardiac death of patients who are at risk from long standing tachyarrhythmia the implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) is the first choice therapy. ICDs use a range of electrostimuli up to defibrillation, which is a non synchronous high energy shock, whereas cardioversion is synchronous with the ECG. In order to know when and how to react, a detection algorithm, which analyses an intracardial electrocardiogram (ECG) and classifies the heart rhythm, is implemented in every ICD. All detection algorithms use the heart rate to classify the different heart rhythms roughly. If a tachycardia is detected, it is important to discriminate between a ventricular tachycardia, which is life threatening and a supraventricular tachycardia, which is much less threatening. To be able to make this distinction the detection algorithms analyse the behaviour of the heart cycle intervals, the ECG-morphology or in addition to the ventricular ECG, an atrial ECG. In this paper morphological algorithms will be evaluated and newly developed algorithms will be presented. Recent algorithms use the mathematical wavelet theory. The evaluation shows that these get better results than all but one of the simpler classical morphological algorithms. A new wavelet based algorithm, developed by the authors, exhibits the best detection results.

  12. Living with Your Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICD)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Aortic Aneurysm More Living With Your Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICD) Updated:Dec 21,2016 The American Heart ... home without it. Download a printable Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICD) Wallet ID card . Always keep it with ...

  13. Predictors of long-term mortality in Multicenter Automatic Defibrillator Implantation Trial II (MADIT II) patients with implantable cardioverter-defibrillators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cygankiewicz, Iwona; Gillespie, John; Zareba, Wojciech; Brown, Mary W; Goldenberg, Ilan; Klein, Helmut; McNitt, Scott; Polonsky, Slava; Andrews, Mark; Dwyer, Edward M; Hall, W Jackson; Moss, Arthur J

    2009-04-01

    Data on long-term follow-up and factors influencing mortality in implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) recipients are limited. The aim of this study was to evaluate mortality during long-term follow-up and the predictive value of several risk markers in the Multicenter Automatic Defibrillator Implantation Trial II (MADIT II) patients with implanted cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs). The study involved U.S. patients from the MADIT II trial randomized to and receiving ICD treatment. Data regarding long-term mortality were retrieved from the National Death Registry. Several clinical, biochemical, and electrocardiogram variables were tested in a multivariate Cox model for predicting long-term mortality, and a score identifying high-, medium-, and lower risk patients was developed. The study population consisted of 655 patients, mean age 64 +/- 10 years. During a follow-up of up to 9 years, averaging 63 months, 294 deaths occurred. The 6-year cumulative probability of death was 40%, with evidence of a constant risk of about 8.5% per year among survivors. Median survival was estimated at 8 years. Multivariate analysis identified age >65 years, New York Heart Association class 3-4, diabetes, non-sinus rhythm, and increased levels of blood urea nitrogen as independent risk predictors of mortality. Patients with three or more of these risk factors were characterized by a 6-year mortality rate of 68%, compared with 43% in those with one to two risk factors and 19% in patients with no risk factors. A combination of a few readily available clinical variables indicating advanced disease and comorbid conditions identifies ICD patients at high risk of mortality during long-term follow-up.

  14. Predictors of severe tricuspid regurgitation in patients with permanent pacemaker or automatic implantable cardioverter-defibrillator leads.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Najib, Mohammad Q; Vittala, Satya S; Challa, Suresh; Raizada, Amol; Tondato, Fernando J; Lee, Howard R; Chaliki, Hari P

    2013-01-01

    Patients with permanent pacemaker or automatic implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (AICD) leads have an increased prevalence of tricuspid regurgitation. However, the roles of cardiac rhythm and lead-placement duration in the development of severe tricuspid regurgitation are unclear. We reviewed echocardiographic data on 26 consecutive patients who had severe tricuspid regurgitation after permanent pacemaker or AICD placement; before treatment, they had no organic tricuspid valve disease, pulmonary hypertension, left ventricular dysfunction, or severe tricuspid regurgitation. We compared the results to those of 26 control subjects who had these same devices but no more than mild tricuspid regurgitation. The patients and control subjects were similar in age (mean, 81 ±6 vs 81 ±8 yr; P = 0.83), sex (male, 42% vs 46%; P = 0.78), and left ventricular ejection fraction (0.60 ±0.06 vs 0.58 ± 0.05; P = 0.4). The patients had a higher prevalence of atrial fibrillation (92% vs 65%; P=0.01) and longer median duration of pacemaker or AICD lead placement (49.5 vs 5 mo; P < 0.001). After adjusting for age, sex, and right ventricular systolic pressure by multivariate logistic regression analysis, we found that atrial fibrillation (odds ratio=6.4; P = 0.03) and duration of lead placement (odds ratio=1.5/yr; P = 0.001) were independently associated with severe tricuspid regurgitation. Out study shows that atrial fibrillation and longer durations of lead placement might increase the risk of severe tricuspid regurgitation in patients with permanent pacemakers or AICDs.

  15. Optimal Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator Programming.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shah, Bindi K

    Optimal programming of implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) is essential to appropriately treat ventricular tachyarrhythmias and to avoid unnecessary and inappropriate shocks. There have been a series of large clinical trials evaluating tailored programming of ICDs. We reviewed the clinical trials evaluating ICD therapies and detection, and the consensus statement on ICD programming. In doing so, we found that prolonged ICD detection times, higher rate cutoffs, and antitachycardia pacing (ATP) programming decreases inappropriate and painful therapies in a primary prevention population. The use of supraventricular tachyarrhythmia discriminators can also decrease inappropriate shocks. Tailored ICD programming using the knowledge gained from recent ICD trials can decrease inappropriate and unnecessary ICD therapies and decrease mortality.

  16. Impact of carvedilol and metoprolol on inappropriate implantable cardioverter-defibrillator therapy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ruwald, Martin H; Abu-Zeitone, Abeer; Jons, Christian

    2013-01-01

    The goal of this study was to evaluate the effects of carvedilol and metoprolol on the endpoint of inappropriate implantable cardioverter-defibrillator therapy in the MADIT-CRT (Multicenter Automatic Defibrillator Implantation With Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy) study.......The goal of this study was to evaluate the effects of carvedilol and metoprolol on the endpoint of inappropriate implantable cardioverter-defibrillator therapy in the MADIT-CRT (Multicenter Automatic Defibrillator Implantation With Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy) study....

  17. Questions to Ask Your Doctor--Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICD)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Questions to Ask Your Doctor - Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICD) Updated:Dec 21,2016 Implantable cardioverter defibrillators are ... are the benefits versus the limitations of the ICD? What is the general prognosis and how might ...

  18. Implantable cardioverter defibrillator pocket infection caused by ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Like any other foreign bodies, implanted cardiac devices can become infected. Staphylococcus aureus and coagulase-negative Staphilococci are the most common causes of infections of pacemaker and defibrillator systems. In this case an implantable cardioverter defibrillator pocket infection caused by an extremely rare ...

  19. Extraction of a dual-chamber pacemaker and inserting of a new automatic implantable cardioverter defibrillator: The easy procedure almost became catastrophic: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiuchi, Márcio Galindo; Lobato, Guilherme Miglioli; Chen, Shaojie

    2017-09-01

    The cardiovascular illnesses are in the middle of the foremost reasons of death around the world. Deaths in Europe, from sudden cardiac death (SCD), reach nearby 700,000 individuals every year. In the United States, statistics point to the existence of nearly 1 million yearly deaths from cardiovascular sickness, of which 330,000 are the consequence of abrupt. The significance of automatic implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) has been proven in subjects with preceding myocardial infarction and stark systolic left ventricular dysfunction (secondary prevention). In this case, we describe a female patient, 94 years old, with a dual-chamber pacemaker since 2014, normal functioning, and controlled hypertension. The patient was in use of bisoprolol 10 mg daily, hydrochlorothiazide 25 mg daily, and candesartan cilexetil 16 mg daily. She presented 2 episodes of syncope associated with the high ventricular rate (HVR), which characterizes sustained ventricular tachycardia (SVT) due to its instability, besides 1 episode of cardiorespiratory arrest. During an attempt to position the active monocoil shock lead in the right ventricle, there was perforation of the upper posterolateral wall of the right atrium, transfixing the pericardium and constituting a pericardial-pleural fistula with hemothorax formation in the right hemithorax. We chose to remove the electrodes and suture the left pocket. There was no cardiac tamponade or pericardial effusion, verified by a pericardial puncture. Thoracic drainage was introduced into the right hemithorax, and 3 L of blood were drained acutely with volume replacement and hemotransfusion. We maintained thoracic drainage in water seal. The ICD was implanted on the right side. So, in this case, we reported a rare complication during pacemakers or ICD implantation that is the pericardial-pleural fistula with hemothorax formation in the contralateral hemithorax. Despite the patient's advanced age, we had the dexterity and luck to

  20. Living with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Susanne S; Knudsen, Charlotte; Dilling, Karen

    2017-01-01

    AIMS: The clinical management and care of patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) has shifted from face-to-face in-clinic visits to remote monitoring. Reduced interactions between patients and healthcare professionals may impede patients' transition to adapting post-implant.......AIMS: The clinical management and care of patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) has shifted from face-to-face in-clinic visits to remote monitoring. Reduced interactions between patients and healthcare professionals may impede patients' transition to adapting post......-implant. We examined patients' needs and preferences for information provision and care options and overall satisfaction with treatment. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients implanted with a first-time ICD or defibrillator with cardiac resynchronization therapy (n = 389) within the last 2 years at Odense University...

  1. Implantable cardioverter defibrillator implantation in children in The Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ten Harkel, ADJ; Blom, NA; Reimer, AG; Tukkie, R; Sreeram, N; Bink-Boelkens, MTE

    To evaluate the indications, underlying cardiac disorders, efficacy and complications involved with implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) in paediatric patients in The Netherlands, the records of all patients aged 18 years or younger who underwent ICD placement were reviewed

  2. Implantable cardioverter defibrillator implantation in children in The Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    ten Harkel, A. Derk Jan; Blom, Nico A.; Reimer, Annette G.; Tukkie, Raymond; Sreeram, Narayanswami; Bink-Boelkens, Margreet T. E.

    2005-01-01

    To evaluate the indications, underlying cardiac disorders, efficacy and complications involved with implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) in paediatric patients in The Netherlands, the records of all patients aged 18 years or younger who underwent ICD placement were reviewed

  3. Implantable cardioverter defibrillator implantation in children in The Netherlands.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Harkel, A.D. Ten; Blom, N.A.; Reimer, A.G.; Tukkie, R.; Sreeram, N.; Bink-Boelkens, M.T.

    2005-01-01

    To evaluate the indications, underlying cardiac disorders, efficacy and complications involved with implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) in paediatric patients in The Netherlands, the records of all patients aged 18 years or younger who underwent ICD placement were reviewed

  4. Influence of diabetes mellitus on inappropriate and appropriate implantable cardioverter-defibrillator therapy and mortality in the Multicenter Automatic Defibrillator Implantation Trial-Reduce Inappropriate Therapy (MADIT-RIT) Trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ruwald, Martin H.; Zareba, Wojciech; Jons, Christian

    2013-01-01

    The relationship between diabetes mellitus and risk of inappropriate or appropriate therapy in patients receiving an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) and resynchronization therapy has not been investigated thoroughly. The effect of innovative ICD programming on therapy delivery...

  5. An entirely subcutaneous implantable cardioverter-defibrillator

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    G.H. Bardy (Gust); W.M. Smith (Warren); A.M. Hood (Margaret); I.G. Crozier (Ian); I.C. Melton (Iain Craig); L.J.L.M. Jordaens (Luc); D.A.M.J. Theuns (Dominic); E. Park (Robert); D.J. Wright (David Justin); D.T. Connelly (Derek); S.P. Fynn (Simon Patrick); F.D. Murgatroyd (Francis); J. Sperzel (Johannes); J. Neuzner (Jörg); S.G. Spitzer (Stefan); A.V. Ardashev (Andrey); A. Oduro (Amo); L. Boersma (Lucas); A.H. Maass (Alexander); I.C. van Gelder (Isabelle); A.A.M. Wilde (Arthur); P.F.H.M. van Pascal; R.E. Knops (Reinoud); C.S. Barr (Craig); P. Lupo (Pierpaolo); R. Cappato (Riccardo); A.A. Grace (Andrew)

    2010-01-01

    textabstractBACKGROUND: Implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) prevent sudden death from cardiac causes in selected patients but require the use of transvenous lead systems. To eliminate the need for venous access, we designed and tested an entirely subcutaneous ICD system. METHODS: First,

  6. Examination of the effect of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators on health-related quality of life: based on results from the Multicenter Automatic Defibrillator Trial-II.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noyes, Katia; Corona, Ethan; Veazie, Peter; Dick, Andrew W; Zhao, Hongwei; Moss, Arthur J

    2009-01-01

    While implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) improve survival, their benefit in terms of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is negligible. To examine how shocks and congestive heart failure (CHF) mediate the effect of ICDs on HRQOL. The US patients from the MADIT-II (Multicenter Automatic Defibrillator Trial-II) trial (n = 983) were randomized to receive an ICD or medical treatment only. HRQOL was assessed using the Health Utility Index 3 at baseline and 3, 12, 24, and 36 months following randomization. Logistic regressions were used to test for the effect of ICDs on the CHF indicator, and linear regressions were used to examine the effect of ICD shocks and CHF on HRQOL in living patients. We used a Monte Carlo simulation and a parametric Weibull distribution survival model to test for the effect of selective attrition. Observations were clustered by patients and robust standard errors (RSEs) were used to control for the non-independence of multiple observations provided by the same patient. Patients in the ICD arm had 41% higher odds of experiencing CHF since their last assessment compared with those in the control arm (RSE = 0.19, p = 0.01). Developing CHF reduced HRQOL at the subsequent visit by 0.07 (p < 0.01). Having ICD shocks reduced overall HRQOL by 0.04 (p = 0.04) at the subsequent assessment. The negative effect of ICD firing on HRQOL was an order of magnitude greater than the effect of CHF. A higher prevalence of CHF and shocks among patients with ICDs and their negative effect on HRQOL may partially explain the lack of HRQOL benefit of ICD therapy.

  7. Concerns about the implantable cardioverter defibrillator

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Susanne S.; van Domburg, Ron T; Theuns, Dominic A M J

    2005-01-01

    Patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) are at increased risk of anxiety disorders. In turn, anxiety has been identified as a precipitant of ventricular arrhythmias. Anxiety may in part be attributed to concerns about the ICD firing, but the relationship between ICD concerns......, psychological morbidity, and shocks has not been systematically investigated. We examined the relative importance of experienced shocks versus subjective concerns about the ICD as determinants of anxiety and depressive symptoms in ICD patients....

  8. The effect of intermittent atrial tachyarrhythmia on heart failure or death in cardiac resynchronization therapy with defibrillator versus implantable cardioverter-defibrillator patients: a MADIT-CRT substudy (Multicenter Automatic Defibrillator Implantation Trial With Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruwald, Anne-Christine; Pietrasik, Grzegorz; Goldenberg, Ilan; Kutyifa, Valentina; Daubert, James P; Ruwald, Martin H; Jons, Christian; McNitt, Scott; Wang, Paul; Zareba, Wojciech; Moss, Arthur J

    2014-04-01

    This study aimed to investigate the effect of both history of intermittent atrial tachyarrhythmias (IAT) and in-trial IAT on the risk of heart failure (HF) or death comparing cardiac resynchronization therapy with defibrillator (CRT-D) to implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) treatment in mildly symptomatic HF patients with left bundle branch block (LBBB). Limited data exist regarding the benefit of CRT-D in patients with IAT. The benefit of CRT-D in reducing the risk of HF/death was evaluated using multivariate Cox models incorporating the presence of, respectively, a history of IAT at baseline and time-dependent development of in-trial IAT during follow-up in 1,264 patients with LBBB enrolled in the MADIT-CRT (Multicenter Automatic Defibrillator Implantation Trial With Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy) study. The overall beneficial effect of CRT-D versus ICD on the risk of HF/death was not significantly different between LBBB patients with or without history of IAT (HR: 0.50, p = 0.028, and HR: 0.46, p Defibrillator Implantation Trial With Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy; NCT00180271). Copyright © 2014 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Implantable cardioverter-defibrillators in children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Werner, Bozena; Przybylski, Andrzej; Kucińska, Beata; Lewandowski, Michał; Szwed, Hanna; Wróblewska-Kałuzewska, Maria

    2004-03-01

    Implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICD) have been increasingly used in adult patients for the prevention of sudden cardiac death (SCD). The usefulness and feasibility of ICD implantation in children have been less well established. To analyse indications, results and safety of ICD therapy in children. ICDs were implanted in seven children, aged from 6 to 17 years. All patients underwent cardiological evaluation which included analysis of medical history, physical examination, chest X-ray, standard ECG, 24-hour Holter ECG monitoring and echocardiography. In five children devices were implanted due to aborted sudden death (ventricular fibrillation) whereas in the remaining two - as a primary prevention of SCD. Three children had hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, one - dilated cardiomyopathy, one - mitral valve prolapse and QT prolongation, one - congenital long QT syndrome and the remaining patient - idiopathic ventricular tachycardia. Single-chamber devices were implanted in six children, and dual-chamber system - in one patient. In all patients endocardial leads were implanted and ICD pocket was formed under the greater pectoral muscle. During follow-up ranging between four months to 5.4 years, four children developed ventricular fibrillation or ventricular tachycardia which were terminated by appropriate ICD discharges. 1. ICD implantation in children is effective in the prevention of SCD. 2. In our population, the most frequent indications for device implantation were life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias occurring in patients with cardiomyopathy. 3. Cardiac arrest due to ventricular fibrillation may occur in children without a history of aborted SCD. 4. ICD implantation in children is feasible and safe.

  10. Patients, intimate partners and family experiences of implantable cardioverter defibrillators: qualitative systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palacios-Ceña, Domingo; Losa-Iglesias, Marta E; Alvarez-López, Cristina; Cachón-Pérez, Miguel; Reyes, Rosalie Ann R; Salvadores-Fuentes, Paloma; Fernández-de-Las-Peñas, César

    2011-12-01

    This paper is a report of an interpretive review of qualitative research on how an implantable cardioverter defibrillator affects adult recipients and their significant others. An implantable cardioverter defibrillator detects pathological cardiac rhythms and automatically converts the rhythm with electrical counter shocks. A systematic literature search was conducted for qualitative research papers published between January 1999 and January 2009. PubMed, Medline, ISI Web of Knowledge and CINAHL databases were searched with the following key words: internal defibrillator, implantable defibrillator and qualitative research. Twenty-two papers were included. The critical appraisal skills programme and prompts were used to appraise studies. Thematic analysis and synthesis approaches were used to interpret evidence. People with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator were found to experience physical, psychological and social changes. Shocks produce fear and anxiety, affecting relationships and sexual relations. The use of support groups and the use of the Internet are important in helping adjustment to an implantable cardioverter defibrillator. Women's responses to an implantable cardioverter defibrillator appear different than men's responses and include concerns about physical appearance and relationship issues. Postdischarge follow-up and educational programmes are still underdeveloped. Patients need additional education, support and follow-up care after hospital discharge. Patients and significant others benefit from collaboration between patient associations and healthcare professional societies. Future research is needed to identify the specific challenges that women recipients face. © 2011 The Authors. Journal of Advanced Nursing © 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

  11. Sleep disturbance in patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Habibović, M; Mudde, L; Pedersen, S S

    2018-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbances are highly prevalent in patients with cardiac diseases and associated with poor health outcomes. However, little is known about sleep disturbance in patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator. AIMS: We examined the prevalence and predictors of sleep...... disturbance and the impact on perceived health status in a Dutch cohort of implantable cardioverter defibrillator patients. METHODS: Patients ( n=195) enrolled in the Web-based distress program for implantable cardioverter defibrillator patients (WEBCARE) trial completed questionnaires at the time...... of implantable cardioverter defibrillator implantation, three, six and 12 months afterwards. Sleep disturbance was assessed with the corresponding item #3 of the Patient Health Questionnaire 9. RESULTS: At baseline, 67% ( n=130) reported sleep disturbance (cut off ≥1). One year later, the prevalence was 57% ( n...

  12. Risk stratification for implantable cardioverter defibrillator therapy: the role of the wearable cardioverter-defibrillator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klein, Helmut U; Goldenberg, Ilan; Moss, Arthur J

    2013-08-01

    The benefit of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) therapy depends upon appropriate evaluation of a persisting risk of sudden death and estimation of the patient's overall survival. Assessment of a stable and unchangeable arrhythmogenic substrate is often difficult. Structural abnormality and ventricular dysfunction, the two major risk parameters, may recover, and heart failure symptoms can improve so that ICD therapy may not be indicated. Risk stratification can take time while the patient continues to be at high risk of arrhythmic death, and patients may need temporary bridging by a defibrillator in cases of interrupted ICD therapy. The wearable cardioverter-defibrillator (WCD) combines a long-term electrocardiogram (ECG)-monitoring system with an external automatic defibrillator. The LIfeVest® (ZOLL, Pittsburgh, PA, USA) is composed of a garment, containing two defibrillation patch electrodes on the back, and an elastic belt with a front-defibrillation patch electrode and four non-adhesive ECG electrodes, connected to a monitoring and defibrillation unit. The WCD is a safe and effective tool to terminate ventricular tachycardia/ventricular fibrillation events, unless a conscious patient withholds shock delivery. It may be used in patients in the early phase after acute myocardial infarction with poor left ventricular function, after acute coronary revascularization procedures (percutaneous coronary intervention or coronary artery bypass grafting) and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (≤35%), in patients with acute heart failure in non-ischaemic cardiomyopathy of uncertain aetiology and prognosis. The WCD may be helpful in subjects with syncope of assumed tachyarrhythmia origin or in patients with inherited arrhythmia syndromes. The WCD may replace ICD implantation in patients waiting for heart transplantation or who need a ventricular-assist device. This review describes the technical details and characteristics of the WCD, discusses its

  13. Depressive symptoms in patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Susanne S; Andersen, Christina M; Denollet, Johan

    2018-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) and co-morbid depression are at greater risk of poor quality of life and premature death. We examined if treatment expectations predict depressive symptoms 12months post implant. METHODS: First-time implant patients from...

  14. Pre-implantation implantable cardioverter defibrillator concerns and Type D personality increase the risk of mortality in patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Susanne S.; van den Broek, Krista C; Erdman, Ruud A M

    2010-01-01

    Little is known about the influence of psychological factors on prognosis in implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) patients. We examined the influence of the distressed personality (Type D) and pre-implantation device concerns on short-term mortality in ICD patients.......Little is known about the influence of psychological factors on prognosis in implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) patients. We examined the influence of the distressed personality (Type D) and pre-implantation device concerns on short-term mortality in ICD patients....

  15. Pacemakers and implantable cardioverter defibrillators - general and anesthetic considerations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amy G. Rapsang

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available A pacemaking system consists of an impulse generator and lead or leads to carry the electrical impulse to the patient's heart. Pacemaker and implantable cardioverter defibrillator codes were made to describe the type of pacemaker or implantable cardioverter defibrillator implanted. Indications for pacing and implantable cardioverter defibrillator implantation were given by the American College of Cardiologists. Certain pacemakers have magnet-operated reed switches incorporated; however, magnet application can have serious adverse effects; hence, devices should be considered programmable unless known otherwise. When a device patient undergoes any procedure (with or without anesthesia, special precautions have to be observed including a focused history/physical examination, interrogation of pacemaker before and after the procedure, emergency drugs/temporary pacing and defibrillation, reprogramming of pacemaker and disabling certain pacemaker functions if required, monitoring of electrolyte and metabolic disturbance and avoiding certain drugs and equipments that can interfere with pacemaker function. If unanticipated device interactions are found, consider discontinuation of the procedure until the source of interference can be eliminated or managed and all corrective measures should be taken to ensure proper pacemaker function should be done. Post procedure, the cardiac rate and rhythm should be monitored continuously and emergency drugs and equipments should be kept ready and consultation with a cardiologist or a pacemaker-implantable cardioverter defibrillator service may be necessary.

  16. Pre implantation psychological functioning preserved in majority of implantable cardioverter defibrillator patients 12 months post implantation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Susanne S.; Hoogwegt, Madelein T; Jordaens, Luc

    2013-01-01

    The impact of ICD therapy on patient well being has typically focused on mean differences between groups, thereby neglecting changes within individuals. Using an intra-individual approach, we examined (i) the prevalence of implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) patients maintaining their pre...... implantation level of psychological functioning at 12 months, and (ii) factors associated with deterioration in functioning....

  17. Phantom shocks in patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillator

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berg, Selina Kikkenborg; Moons, Philip; Zwisler, Ann-Dorthe

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this trial was to assess a combined rehabilitation intervention including an exercise training component and a psycho-educational component in patients treated with implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD). The hypothesis was that the intervention would reduce the occurrence...

  18. Behavioral interventions in patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Habibović, Mirela; Burg, Matthew M; Pedersen, Susanne S.

    2013-01-01

    The implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) is the first-line treatment for primary and secondary prevention of sudden cardiac death. A subgroup of patients experience psychological distress postimplant, and no clear evidence base exists regarding how best to address patients' needs. The aim...

  19. Subcutaneous Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator Lead Failure due to Twiddler Syndrome

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kooiman, Kirsten M.; Brouwer, Tom F.; van Halm, Vokko P.; Knops, Reinoud E.

    2015-01-01

    We present a case of Twiddler syndrome in a patient with a subcutaneous implantable cardioverter defibrillator (S-ICD). The patient presented herself to the outpatient clinic with pain in the left chest. Chest x-ray confirmed Twiddler syndrome and ICD read-out revealed lead failure resulting in

  20. Daily remote monitoring of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hindricks, Gerhard; Varma, Niraj; Kacet, Salem

    2017-01-01

    Aims: Remote monitoring of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators may improve clinical outcome. A recent meta-analysis of three randomized controlled trials (TRUST, ECOST, IN-TIME) using a specific remote monitoring system with daily transmissions [Biotronik Home Monitoring (HM)] demonstrated...

  1. Interference of electrical dental equipment with implantable cardioverter-defibrillators

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brand, H. S.; Entjes, M. L.; Nieuw Amerongen, A. V.; van der Hoeff, E. V.; Schrama, T. A. M.

    2007-01-01

    To determine whether electromagnetic interference with implantable cardioverter-defibrilllators (ICDs) occurs during the use of electrical dental equipment. Ten different electrical dental devices were tested for their ability to interfere with the function of three types of ICDs at different

  2. Implantable cardioverter defibrillator knowledge and end-of-life device deactivation: A cross-sectional survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McEvedy, Samantha M; Cameron, Jan; Lugg, Eugene; Miller, Jennifer; Haedtke, Chris; Hammash, Muna; Biddle, Martha J; Lee, Kyoung Suk; Mariani, Justin A; Ski, Chantal F; Thompson, David R; Chung, Misook Lee; Moser, Debra K

    2018-01-01

    End-of-life implantable cardioverter defibrillator deactivation discussions should commence before device implantation and be ongoing, yet many implantable cardioverter defibrillators remain active in patients' last days. To examine associations among implantable cardioverter defibrillator knowledge, patient characteristics and attitudes to implantable cardioverter defibrillator deactivation. Cross-sectional survey using the Experiences, Attitudes and Knowledge of End-of-Life Issues in Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator Patients Questionnaire. Participants were classified as insufficient or sufficient implantable cardioverter defibrillator knowledge and the two groups were compared. Implantable cardioverter defibrillator recipients ( n = 270, mean age 61 ± 14 years; 73% male) were recruited from cardiology and implantable cardioverter defibrillator clinics attached to two tertiary hospitals in Melbourne, Australia, and two in Kentucky, the United States. Participants with insufficient implantable cardioverter defibrillator knowledge ( n = 77, 29%) were significantly older (mean age 66 vs 60 years, p = 0.001), less likely to be Caucasian (77% vs 87%, p  = 0.047), less likely to have received implantable cardioverter defibrillator shocks (26% vs 40%, p = 0.031), and more likely to have indications of mild cognitive impairment (Montreal Cognitive Assessment score defibrillator knowledge was associated with attitudes suggesting unwillingness to discuss implantable cardioverter defibrillator deactivation, even during the last days towards end of life ( p defibrillator recipients, especially those who are older or have mild cognitive impairment, often have limited knowledge about implantable cardioverter defibrillator deactivation. This study identified several potential teachable moments throughout the patients' treatment trajectory. An interdisciplinary approach is required to ensure that discussions about implantable cardioverter

  3. Patient perceptions of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator deactivation discussions: A qualitative study

    OpenAIRE

    Jane MacIver; Alana Tibbles; Filio Billia; Heather Ross

    2016-01-01

    Background: There is a class I recommendation for implantable cardioverter-defibrillator deactivation discussions to occur between physicians and heart failure patients. Few studies have reported the patient?s perspective on the timing of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator deactivation discussions. Aim: To determine patient awareness, preferences and timing of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator deactivation discussions. Design: Grounded theory was used to collect and analyze interview...

  4. [Spanish implantable cardioverter-defibrillator registry. Seventh official report of the spanish society of cardiology working group on implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (2010)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alzueta, Javier; Fernández, José Maria

    2011-11-01

    The authors summarize the findings of the Spanish Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator Registry for 2010 compiled by the Spanish Society of Cardiology Working Group on Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillators. Members of the Spanish Society of Cardiology were prospectively surveyed; data were recorded voluntarily by each implantation team on one-page questionnaires. In total, 4627 device implantations were reported, comprising 85.6% of the overall estimated number of implantations. The reported implantation rate was 100.61 per million population and the estimated total implantation rate was 117.50 per million. The proportion of first implantations was 73.87%. We collected data from 143 hospitals (9 more than in 2009). The majority of the implantable cardioverter-defibrillator implantations were performed in men (81%). The mean age was 62.5 ± 13 years. Most of the patients had severe or moderate-to-severe ventricular dysfunction and were in New York Heart Association functional class II. Ischemic heart disease was the most frequent underlying cardiac condition, followed by dilated cardiomyopathy. The number of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator implantations indicated for primary prevention increased over the previous year and now accounts for 65.6% of first implantations. In all, 76.1% of the implantable cardioverter-defibrillator implantations were performed by cardiac electrophysiologists. The 2010 Spanish Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator Registry includes data on almost 86% of all the implantable cardioverter-defibrillator implantations performed in Spain. Although the number has continued to increase, it still remains far lower than the European average. There has been a significant increase in the number of implantations indicated for primary prevention. Copyright © 2011 Sociedad Española de Cardiología. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  5. Azygos Vein Lead Implantation For High Defibrillation Thresholds In Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator Placement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naga VA Kommuri

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Evaluation of defibrillation threshold is a standard of care during implantation of implantable cardioverter defibrillator. High defibrillation thresholds are often encountered and pose a challenge to electrophysiologists to improve the defibrillation threshold. We describe a case series where defibrillation thresholds were improved after implanting a defibrillation lead in the azygos vein.

  6. Lingular pneumonia obscured by implanted cardioverter-defibrillator: Lateral thinking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sewell, Laura; Harries, Ivan; Chandrasekaran, Barinathan

    2015-01-01

    A 56-year-old female with an implanted cardioverter-defibrillator was admitted with a short history suggestive of a diagnosis of pneumonia. An AP radiograph did not identify an area of consolidation. A subsequent lateral radiograph highlighted an extensive left-lingular-lobe consolidation that had been obscured by the cardiac device. This case highlights the fact that large devices can obscure significant pathology, and that lateral or cross-sectional imaging may be helpful in reaching a diagnosis.

  7. Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator infection caused by Tsukamurella.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Almehmi, Ammar; Pfister, Alfred K; McCowan, Ronald; Matulis, Susie

    2004-01-01

    Human infections with Tsukamurella are very rare with only 13 reported cases in the literature. Certain conditions, such as immunosuppression, an indwelling foreign body, and postoperative wounds predispose humans to Tsukamurella infections. The rarity of Tsukamurella infection in humans makes its diagnosis and treatment very difficult. This article describes the first case of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) infection related to Tsukamurella in the literature.

  8. Psychosocial issues of patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunbar, Sandra B

    2005-07-01

    Use of implantable cardioverter defibrillators has become standard therapy for patients at high risk for life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias. Although acceptance of the device is generally high among patients and their families, quality of life and psychosocial issues associated with use of the defibrillators deserve greater attention to improve outcomes. Psychosocial issues, their ramifications, and theory-and evidence-based approaches to improving outcomes are described.

  9. Anxiety and risk of ventricular arrhythmias or mortality in patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Habibović, Mirela; Pedersen, Susanne S.; van den Broek, Krista C

    2013-01-01

    A subgroup of patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) experiences anxiety after device implantation. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate whether anxiety is predictive of ventricular arrhythmias and all-cause mortality 1 year post ICD implantation.......A subgroup of patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) experiences anxiety after device implantation. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate whether anxiety is predictive of ventricular arrhythmias and all-cause mortality 1 year post ICD implantation....

  10. Patient perceptions of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator deactivation discussions: A qualitative study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jane MacIver

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: There is a class I recommendation for implantable cardioverter-defibrillator deactivation discussions to occur between physicians and heart failure patients. Few studies have reported the patient’s perspective on the timing of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator deactivation discussions. Aim: To determine patient awareness, preferences and timing of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator deactivation discussions. Design: Grounded theory was used to collect and analyze interview data from 25 heart failure patients with an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator. Setting and participants: Patients with an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator, from the Heart Function Clinic at University Health Network (Toronto, Canada. Results: The sample (n = 25 was predominately male (76% with an average age of 62 years. Patients identified three stages where they felt implantable cardioverter-defibrillator deactivation should be discussed: (1 prior to implantation, (2 with any significant deterioration but while they were of sound mind to engage in and communicate their preferences and (3 at end of life, where patients wished further review of their previously established preferences and decisions about implantable cardioverter-defibrillator deactivation. Most patients (n = 17, 68% said they would consider deactivation, six (24% were undecided and two (8% were adamant they would never turn it off. Conclusion: The patient preferences identified in this study support the need to include information on implantable cardioverter-defibrillator deactivation at implant, with change in clinical status and within broader discussions about end-of-life treatment preferences. Using this process to help patients determine and communicate their implantable cardioverter-defibrillator deactivation preferences may reduce the number of patients experiencing distressing implantable cardioverter-defibrillator shocks at end of life.

  11. Patient perceptions of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator deactivation discussions: A qualitative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacIver, Jane; Tibbles, Alana; Billia, Filio; Ross, Heather

    2016-01-01

    There is a class I recommendation for implantable cardioverter-defibrillator deactivation discussions to occur between physicians and heart failure patients. Few studies have reported the patient's perspective on the timing of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator deactivation discussions. To determine patient awareness, preferences and timing of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator deactivation discussions. Grounded theory was used to collect and analyze interview data from 25 heart failure patients with an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator. Patients with an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator, from the Heart Function Clinic at University Health Network (Toronto, Canada). The sample (n = 25) was predominately male (76%) with an average age of 62 years. Patients identified three stages where they felt implantable cardioverter-defibrillator deactivation should be discussed: (1) prior to implantation, (2) with any significant deterioration but while they were of sound mind to engage in and communicate their preferences and (3) at end of life, where patients wished further review of their previously established preferences and decisions about implantable cardioverter-defibrillator deactivation. Most patients (n = 17, 68%) said they would consider deactivation, six (24%) were undecided and two (8%) were adamant they would never turn it off. The patient preferences identified in this study support the need to include information on implantable cardioverter-defibrillator deactivation at implant, with change in clinical status and within broader discussions about end-of-life treatment preferences. Using this process to help patients determine and communicate their implantable cardioverter-defibrillator deactivation preferences may reduce the number of patients experiencing distressing implantable cardioverter-defibrillator shocks at end of life.

  12. Association between myocardial substrate, implantable cardioverter defibrillator shocks and mortality in MADIT-CRT

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sood, Nitesh; Ruwald, Anne-Christine H; Solomon, Scott

    2014-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to assess a possible association between myocardial substrate, implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) shocks, and subsequent mortality.......The aim of the present study was to assess a possible association between myocardial substrate, implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) shocks, and subsequent mortality....

  13. Monitoring device acceptance in implantable cardioverter defibrillator patients using the Florida Patient Acceptance Survey

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Versteeg, Henneke; Starrenburg, Annemieke; Denollet, Johan

    2012-01-01

    Patient device acceptance might be essential in identifying patients at risk for adverse patient-reported outcomes following implantation of an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD). We examined the validity and reliability of the Florida Patient Acceptance Scale (FPAS) and identified...

  14. Lingular pneumonia obscured by implanted cardioverter-defibrillator: Lateral thinking

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Sewell, MD

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available A 56-year-old female with an implanted cardioverter-defibrillator was admitted with a short history suggestive of a diagnosis of pneumonia. An AP radiograph did not identify an area of consolidation. A subsequent lateral radiograph highlighted an extensive left-lingular-lobe consolidation that had been obscured by the cardiac device. This case highlights the fact that large devices can obscure significant pathology, and that lateral or cross-sectional imaging may be helpful in reaching a diagnosis.

  15. Implantable cardioverter defibrillator specific rehabilitation improves health cost outcomes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kikkenborg Berg, Selina; Zwisler, Ann-Dorthe; Koch, Mette Bjerrum

    2015-01-01

    of the rehabilitation group for exercise capacity, general and mental health. The aim of this paper is to explore the long-term health effects and cost implications associated with the rehabilitation programme; more specifically, (i) to compare implantable cardioverter defibrillator therapy history and mortality...... was -6,789 USD/-5,593 Euro in favour of rehabilitation. Conclusion: No long-term health outcome benefits were found for the rehabilitation programme. However, the rehabilitation programme resulted in a reduction in total attributable direct costs....

  16. Prophylactic lead extraction at implantable cardioverter-defibrillator generator change.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mendenhall, G Stuart; Saba, Samir

    2014-04-01

    Current implantable cardiac devices have a finite battery life of ≈3 to 7 years for implantable cardioverter-defibrillators. It is current practice to reuse all properly functioning intravascular leads. We tested the hypothesis that a strategy of prophylactic lead removal at the time of device change would be superior under some conditions to the current practice of lead reuse. Using currently available data and a Monte Carlo microsimulation trial, we calculated the risks of leaving an indwelling lead until extraction is indicated because of malfunction versus an aggressive management strategy of prophylactic serial extraction at time of generator change. With a serial lead exchange strategy of leads at generator change, there is reduced overall extraction-related mortality because of fewer late complications attributable to extraction of leads with high dwell time because of infection, recall, or subsequent lead failure. This finding is limited to young patients or those with high expected indwell time of lead. This trend reverses for leads with extraction performance and device longevity. In all cases, serial extraction would be expected to lead to increased adverse events related to the more complex procedure. A strategy of serial lead extraction, given best available current parameters, yields a lower procedural mortality risk in the long-term management of indwelling implantable cardioverter-defibrillator leads in young patients (>40-year estimated dwell time) driven by high aggregate anticipated risk of lifetime lead complication.

  17. AUTOMATIC IMPLANTABLE CARDIOVERTER DEFIBRILLATOR - COST-EFFECTIVENESS

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    HAUER, RNW; WEVER, EFD; CRIJNS, HJGM

    Unexpected out-of-hospital cardiac arrest is in most cases due to ventricular fibrillation or rapid ventricular tachycardia. The usual therapeutic strategy in survivors starts with drug treatment, in case of failure followed by nonpharmacological therapy, which may include catheter ablation,

  18. Reconstructing unpredictability: experiences of living with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator over time.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morken, Ingvild Margreta; Severinsson, Elisabeth; Karlsen, Bjørg

    2010-02-01

    The experience of living with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator over time is still poorly understood. Few qualitative studies have investigated this phenomenon. To explore implantable cardioverter defibrillator recipients' experiences of living with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator over time. Qualitative. Semi-structured interviews were performed with 16 persons living with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator. The constant comparative method of grounded theory was used for data collection and analysis. The core category was defined as 'Reconstructing the unpredictability of living with an ICD' and illustrated by four categories: 'losing control'; 'regaining control'; 'lacking support'; and 'seeking support'. The category 'losing control' encompassed experiences of unpredictability leading to uncertainty as a result of the triggering of the device. Reduced activity to avoid shocks played a major role. In the category 'regaining control', wellbeing increased as time elapsed after the shock and the implantable cardioverter defibrillator recipients reconstructed the unpredictability by adapting to life changes, trusting the implantable cardioverter defibrillator as a life saver and accepting uncertainty. The category labelled 'lacking support' highlighted the implantable cardioverter defibrillator recipients' experiences of lack of appropriate support and advice from health care professionals. The final category 'seeking support' illustrates the implantable cardioverter defibrillator recipients' attempts to obtain guidance and support from family members and health care professionals and the importance of these aspects for the recovery process. Living with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator over time was characterised by unpredictability and uncertainty associated with the triggering of the device. Despite coping with uncertainty by means of several strategies, a new onset of arrhythmia could reinforce the feeling of losing control. An

  19. Management of Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator Recipients: Care Beyond Guidelines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Philippon, François; Sterns, Laurence D; Nery, Pablo B; Parkash, Ratika; Birnie, David; Rinne, Claus; Mondesert, Blandine; Exner, Derek; Bennett, Matthew

    2017-08-01

    This companion article is intended to address common clinical scenarios in patients with implantable defibrillators that were not addressed in the 2016 Canadian Cardiovascular Society/Canadian Heart Rhythm Society implantable cardioverter defibrillator guidelines including recommendations for device programming to improve detection, to minimize shocks (appropriate and inappropriate), and to minimize ventricular pacing. Important issues at the time of replacement such as device prescription, technical aspects (vascular access, extraction), and management of components on advisories are also discussed. Finally, common clinical scenarios such as management of patients with terminal illnesses, recurrent ventricular tachycardia, electrical storms, catheter ablation for ventricular tachycardia, and system infection management are considered. The management of these patients requires a team approach and comprehensive knowledge surrounding these common clinical scenarios. Copyright © 2017 Canadian Cardiovascular Society. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Employment Status and Sick Leave After First-Time Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator Implantation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Anne Vinggaard; Øhlers, Anne Alexandrine; Zwisler, Ann Dorthe

    2017-01-01

    BACKGROUND:: In the Copenhagen Outpatient Programme–Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (COPE-ICD) Trial, a positive effect from a cost-saving, comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation program was found on physical and mental health in patients with ICDs. OBJECTIVE:: In the context of the COPE...

  1. Implantation of a Resynchronization Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator in a Patient with Persistent Left Superior Vena Cava

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dante Antonelli

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Implantation of resynchronization implantable cardioverter defibrillator was performed in a patient with persistent left superior vena cava. A dual coil defibrillation lead was inserted in the right ventricle apex via a small innominate vein. Left ventricular and atrial leads were implanted through persistent left superior vena cava. Left ventricular lead was easily implanted into the postero lateral vein. Pacing thresholds and sensing values were excellent and remained stable at 18 months follow-up. Presence of persistent left superior vena cava generally makes transvenous lead implantation difficult. However when a favorable coronary sinus anatomy is also present, it may facilitate left ventricular lead positioning in the coronary sinus branches.

  2. Psychological effects of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator leads under advisory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heatherly, Steven J; Simmons, Tony; Fitzgerald, David M; Mitchell, Mark

    2011-06-01

    Automatic implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) are standard therapy for patients at high risk of sudden cardiac death. Device implantation is a stressful event that has been associated with patient and anticipatory anxiety. While the psychological effects of normally functioning ICDs are known, only a dearth of literature evaluates how a warning about the potential for malfunction of an ICD lead, related to a device advisory, influences the degree of psychological distress. These effects are evaluated in a patient population with the Medtronic Sprint Fidelis defibrillation lead 6949 (Medtronic, Minneapolis, MN, USA). A sample of 413 patients were studied. Groups included 158 with an advisory Medtronic 6949 and 255 with an ICD that had no current advisories. Patients were administered a validated disease-specific metric assessing concerns over ICDs, as well as a demographics questionnaire. The primary outcome was the total score on the ICD concerns (ICDC). Analysis was with one-way Analysis of Variance with preplanned orthogonal contrasts and multivariate regression. The advisory group tended to have higher numbers of high school and college graduates. The average length of device implant in the nonadvisory group was higher at 4.29 years versus 3.99 years in the advisory group (t = 0.901, P ≤ 0.5). A higher percentage of those with an advisory experienced more shocks (39% vs 32%; z =-1.51, P ≤ 0.5). Average ICDC scores in the advisory group with previous shock were significantly higher than in the nonadvisory group with prior shock ([27.7 standard deviation (SD) ± 14.5] vs [18.5 SD ± 12.5], P = 0.0001) . Average ICDC score in the advisory group without shock was also significantly elevated compared to the nonadvisory group (18.5 SD ± 14.5 vs 10.8, SD ± 12.5, P = 0.0001). There was a significant effect of having an advisory on total ICDC scores (F = 21.32, P ≤ 0.0001). History of shock also significantly increased total ICDC scores (F = 20.07, P

  3. Trend in implantable cardioverter defibrillators and relation to need.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giammaria, Massimo; Bruna, Claudio; Gnavi, Roberto

    2010-04-01

    Rates of implantation of implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD) have increased continuously ever since they were first introduced. Notwithstanding guidelines endorsed by international scientific organizations, their use varies greatly across industrialized countries. The aim of this study was to assess whether variations in temporal trends and geographical distribution in the use of ICD devices across Piedmont, Northern Italy, are related to variations in need. We calculated ICD implantation rates in the 19 local health units of Piedmont from 1999 to 2006, and correlated their temporal trend with four proxy indicators of need: coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality, CHD hospital discharge rates, cardiac heart failure discharge rates and bisoprolol or carvedilol prescription rates. The ICD implantation rate increased five-fold between 1999-2000 and 2005-2006, mainly among the elderly. Implantation rates were five-fold higher in men compared to women for the entire duration of the study. There were significant differences between local health units, which increased over time. Among men there was only a statistically significant correlation with coronary heart disease mortality (r = 0.66) in the period from 2005 to 2006, and with the use of bisoprolol and carvedilol starting from 2001 to 2002. No significant correlation with need indicators was found in women. The use of ICD devices increased in apparent response to new research evidence, and, at least in part, in response to need. However, this process only involved men; ICD devices are largely underused in women and without apparent relation to need.

  4. Fuzzy logic-based diagnostic algorithm for implantable cardioverter defibrillators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bárdossy, András; Blinowska, Aleksandra; Kuzmicz, Wieslaw; Ollitrault, Jacky; Lewandowski, Michał; Przybylski, Andrzej; Jaworski, Zbigniew

    2014-02-01

    The paper presents a diagnostic algorithm for classifying cardiac tachyarrhythmias for implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs). The main aim was to develop an algorithm that could reduce the rate of occurrence of inappropriate therapies, which are often observed in existing ICDs. To achieve low energy consumption, which is a critical factor for implantable medical devices, very low computational complexity of the algorithm was crucial. The study describes and validates such an algorithm and estimates its clinical value. The algorithm was based on the heart rate variability (HRV) analysis. The input data for our algorithm were: RR-interval (I), as extracted from raw intracardiac electrogram (EGM), and in addition two other features of HRV called here onset (ONS) and instability (INST). 6 diagnostic categories were considered: ventricular fibrillation (VF), ventricular tachycardia (VT), sinus tachycardia (ST), detection artifacts and irregularities (including extrasystoles) (DAI), atrial tachyarrhythmias (ATF) and no tachycardia (i.e. normal sinus rhythm) (NT). The initial set of fuzzy rules based on the distributions of I, ONS and INST in the 6 categories was optimized by means of a software tool for automatic rule assessment using simulated annealing. A training data set with 74 EGM recordings was used during optimization, and the algorithm was validated with a validation data set with 58 EGM recordings. Real life recordings stored in defibrillator memories were used. Additionally the algorithm was tested on 2 sets of recordings from the PhysioBank databases: MIT-BIH Arrhythmia Database and MIT-BIH Supraventricular Arrhythmia Database. A custom CMOS integrated circuit implementing the diagnostic algorithm was designed in order to estimate the power consumption. A dedicated Web site, which provides public online access to the algorithm, has been created and is available for testing it. The total number of events in our training and validation sets was 132. In

  5. Spanish implantable cardioverter-defibrillator registry. Eighth official report of the Spanish Society of Cardiology Working Group on Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillators (2011).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alzueta, Javier; Fernández, José María

    2012-11-01

    To summarize the findings of the Spanish Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator Registry for 2011 compiled by the Electrophysiology and Arrhythmia Section of the Spanish Society of Cardiology. Each implantation team voluntarily and prospectively recorded data on a data collection form, which was then sent to the Spanish Society of Cardiology. Overall, 4481 device implantations were notified, representing 83.6% of the estimated total number of implantations. The notified implantation rate was 97 per million population and the estimated total implantation rate was 116.2 per million. First implantations accounted for 70.2% of the total notified. Data were collected from 167 hospitals (22 more than in 2010). Most implantable cardioverter-defibrillator implantations took place in men (82.1%). The mean age was 62.4 (14.1) years. Most patients had severe or moderate-to-severe ventricular dysfunction and were in New York Heart Association functional class II. The most frequent underlying cardiac condition was ischemic heart disease, followed by dilated cardiomyopathy. The number of indications for primary prevention increased over the previous year and accounted for 70.6% of first implantations. Overall, 78.4% of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators were implanted by cardiac electrophysiologists. The 2011 Spanish Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator Registry includes data on almost 84% of all implantations of these devices performed in Spain. This was the first year in which the number of implants decreased slightly from the previous year, as also occurred in the rest of Europe. The percentage of implants for primary prevention continued to increase. Full English text available from:www.revespcardiol.org. Copyright © 2012 Sociedad Española de Cardiología. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  6. Correlation of geomagnetic activity with implantable cardioverter defibrillator shocks and antitachycardia pacing

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Ebrille, E.; Konecny, T.; Konecny, D.; Špaček, R.; Jones, P.; Ambrož, Pavel; DeSimone, C.V.; Powel, B.D.; Hayes, D.L.; Friedman, P.A.; Asirvatham, S.J.

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 90, č. 2 (2015), s. 202-208 ISSN 0025-6196 Institutional support: RVO:67985815 Keywords : geomagnetic activity * implantable cardioverter defibrillator Subject RIV: FA - Cardiovascular Diseases incl. Cardiotharic Surgery Impact factor: 5.920, year: 2015

  7. Sleep disturbance in patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator : Prevalence, predictors and impact on health status

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Habibović, M; Mudde, L; Pedersen, S S; Schoormans, D.; Widdershoven, J.W.M.G.; Denollet, J.

    2018-01-01

    Background: Sleep disturbances are highly prevalent in patients with cardiac diseases and associated with poor health outcomes. However, little is known about sleep disturbance in patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator. Aims: We examined the prevalence and predictors of sleep

  8. [Spanish Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator Registry. Fourth Official Report of the Spanish Society of Cardiology Working Group on Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillators (2007)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peinado Peinado, Rafael; Torrecilla, Esteban G; Ormaetxe, José; Alvarez, Miguel

    2008-11-01

    This article presents the 2007 findings of the Spanish Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator (ICD) Registry, established by the Working Group on Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillators, Electrophysiology and Arrhythmia Section, Spanish Society of Cardiology. The Spanish Society of Cardiology received prospective data recorded on a single-page questionnaire on 96.6% of device implantations. Overall, 3,291 implantations were reported (90.1% of the estimated total). The reported implantation rate was 72.8 per million inhabitants, and 77.1% were first implantations. The majority of ICDs were implanted in males (mean age, 61 [12] years) in functional class II with severe or moderate-to-severe left ventricular dysfunction. The most frequent form of heart disease was ischemic heart disease, followed by dilated cardiomyopathy. Indications for primary prevention remained unchanged relative to the previous year and now account for half of all first implantations, with an increasing number of patients with dilated cardiomyopathy. The number of ICDs incorporating cardiac resynchronization therapy has increased slightly and now comprises 30.1% of the total. Around 70% of ICD implantations were performed in an electrophysiology laboratory by a cardiac electrophysiologist. The incidence of complications was very low. The 2007 Spanish Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator Registry contains data on more than 90% of all ICD implantations performed in Spain, thereby confirming that it has become increasingly representative in recent years. The number of implantations has continued to grow, though the proportion carried out for primary prevention has stabilized at around 50%.

  9. The Significance of Shocks in Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator Recipients

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Anthony; Kaura, Amit; Sunderland, Nicholas; Dhillon, Paramdeep S

    2016-01-01

    Large-scale implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) trials have unequivocally shown a reduction in mortality in appropriately selected patients with heart failure and depressed left ventricular function. However, there is a strong association between shocks and increased mortality in ICD recipients. It is unclear if shocks are merely a marker of a more severe cardiovascular disease or directly contribute to the increase in mortality. The aim of this review is to examine the relationship between ICD shocks and mortality, and explore possible mechanisms. Data examining the effect of shocks in the absence of spontaneous arrhythmias as well as studies of non-shock therapy and strategies to reduce shocks are analysed to try and disentangle the shocks versus substrate debate. PMID:27617089

  10. Prognostic importance of distressed (Type D) personality and shocks in patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Denollet, Johan; Tekle, Fetene B; Pedersen, Susanne S.

    2013-01-01

    Clinical trials have shown the benefit of implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) treatment. In this study, we examined the importance of chronic psychological distress and device shocks among ICD patients seen in clinical practice.......Clinical trials have shown the benefit of implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) treatment. In this study, we examined the importance of chronic psychological distress and device shocks among ICD patients seen in clinical practice....

  11. Implantation of cardioverter-defibrillator: effects on shoulder function.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diemberger, Igor; Pegreffi, Francesco; Mazzotti, Andrea; Foschi, Elia; Martignani, Cristian; Belli, Guido; Biffi, Mauro; Ziacchi, Matteo; Branzi, Angelo; Grigioni, Francesco; Maietta Latessa, Pasqualino; Porcellini, Giuseppe; Tentoni, Claudio; Boriani, Giuseppe

    2013-09-20

    Subcutaneous almost substituted subpectoral approach of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) implantation as a less invasive surgical technique. However, the impact of this change in placement site on procedure-related shoulder impairment is poorly understood. Candidates for ICD implantation were prospectively evaluated at baseline, 2-weeks and 3-months after the procedure. Assessment of shoulder function included: Constant Score, Numeric Rating Scale (NRS) for pain and the Disability of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) scoring method. The Short Form-36 (SF-36) questionnaire was adopted for quality of life. Fifty consecutive patients were enrolled (21 single-chamber, 5 dual-chamber and 24 biventricular ICD). Significant changes in the short term were observed: physical component summary (regarding SF-36) decreased from 44.5 ± 9.1 to 41.8 ± 11.4 (p=0.016), patients with NRS >1 increased from 14% to 44% (p<0.001), DASH score increased from 1.29 [interquartile range 0.00-10.34] to 30.60 [interquartile range 12.93-46.34] (p<0.001). Notably, only the shoulder ipsilateral to implantation site presented a decrease in Constant Score (76.00 [interquartile range 61.37-86.87] vs. 95.75 [interquartile range 91.37-98.00]; p<0.001). After three months most of the parameters seemed to have recovered, except for range of motion. Procedure-related increase in pain (i.e. NRS increase ≥ 1 point) was the most important independent predictor of shoulder impairment, in terms of Constant Score modification (r=0.570; p<0.001). ICD implantation is frequently associated with ipsilateral shoulder impairment which tends to recover within 3-months. These data positively compare with the subpectoral approach and should be considered for future research regarding impact of ICD implant on physical well-being and quality of life. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  12. Battery longevity in cardiac resynchronization therapy implantable cardioverter defibrillators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alam, Mian Bilal; Munir, Muhammad Bilal; Rattan, Rohit; Flanigan, Susan; Adelstein, Evan; Jain, Sandeep; Saba, Samir

    2014-02-01

    Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) deliver high burden ventricular pacing to heart failure patients, which has a significant effect on battery longevity. The aim of this study was to investigate whether battery longevity is comparable for CRT-ICDs from different manufacturers in a contemporary cohort of patients. All the CRT-ICDs implanted at our institution from 1 January 2008 to 31 December 2010 were included in this analysis. Baseline demographic and clinical data were collected on all patients using the electronic medical record. Detailed device information was collected on all patients from scanned device printouts obtained during routine follow-up. The primary endpoint was device replacement for battery reaching the elective replacement indicator (ERI). A total of 646 patients (age 69 ± 13 years), implanted with CRT-ICDs (Boston Scientific 173, Medtronic 416, and St Jude Medical 57) were included in this analysis. During 2.7 ± 1.5 years follow-up, 113 (17%) devices had reached ERI (Boston scientific 4%, Medtronic 25%, and St Jude Medical 7%, P battery was significantly worse for Medtronic devices compared with devices from other manufacturers (94% for Boston scientific, 67% for Medtronic, and 92% for St Jude Medical, P battery longevity by manufacturer was independent of pacing burden, lead parameters, and burden of ICD therapy. There are significant discrepancies in CRT-ICD battery longevity by manufacturer. These data have important implications on clinical practice and patient outcomes.

  13. Successful intermuscular implantation of subcutaneous implantable cardioverter defibrillator in a Japanese patient with pectus excavatum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yusuke Kondo, M.D., Ph.D.

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available The entirely subcutaneous implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD system was developed to provide a life-saving defibrillation therapy that does not affect the heart and vasculature. The subcutaneous ICD is preferred over the transvenous ICD for patients with a history of recurrent infection presenting major life-threatening rhythms. In this case report, we describe the first successful intermuscular implantation of a completely subcutaneous ICD in a Japanese patient with pectus excavatum. There were no associated complications with the device implantation or lead positioning. Further, the defibrillation threshold testing did not pose any problem with the abnormal anatomy of the patient.

  14. Anxiety and risk of ventricular arrhythmias or mortality in patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Habibovic, M.; Pedersen, S.S.; van den Broek, K.C.; Theuns, D.A.M.J.; Jordaens, L.; van der Voort, P.H.J.; Alings, M.; Denollet, J.

    2013-01-01

    Objective: A subgroup of patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) experiences anxiety after device implantation. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate whether anxiety is predictive of ventricular arrhythmias and all-cause mortality 1 year post ICD implantation.

  15. Intra-operative defibrillation testing and clinical shock efficacy in patients with implantable cardioverter-defibrillators

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bänsch, Dietmar; Bonnemeier, Hendrik; Brandt, Johan

    2015-01-01

    AIMS: This trial was designed to test the hypothesis that shock efficacy during follow-up is not impaired in patients implanted without defibrillation (DF) testing during first implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) implantation. METHODS AND RESULTS: Between February 2011 and July 2013, 107...

  16. Risk of pacemaker or implantable cardioverter defibrillator after radiotherapy for early-stage breast cancer in Denmark, 1982-2005

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rehammar, Jens Christian; Johansen, Jens Brock; Jensen, Maj-Britt

    2017-01-01

    BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To examine the risk of cardiac conduction abnormalities or severe ventricular arrhythmias requiring implantation of a cardiac implantable electronic device (CIED), either a pacemaker or an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator, subsequent to breast cancer (BC) radiotherapy...

  17. Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator oversensing due to electric shock

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jurčević Ružica

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. We described the first case of oversensing due to electric shock in Serbia, in a 54-year-old man who had implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD. Case Outline. In July 2002, the patient had acute anteroseptal myocardial infarction and ventricular fibrillation (VF which was terminated with six defibrillation shocks of 360 J. Coronary angiography revealed 30% stenosis of circumflex artery, the left anterior descending coronary artery was recanalized and the right coronary artery was without stenosis. Left ventricular ejection fraction was 20%. In December 2003, an electrophysiology study was performed and ventricular tachycardia (VT was induced and terminated with 200 J defibrillation shock. Single chamber ICD Medtronic Gem III VR was implanted in January 2004 and defibrillation threshold was 12 J. The patient was followed up during three years every three months and there were no VT/VF episodes and VT/VF therapies. In December 2007, the patient experienced electric shock through the fork while he was making barbecue on the electric grill. ICD recognized this event in VF zone (oversensing and delivered defibrillation shock of 18 J. The electrogram of the episode showed ventricular sensing - intrinsic sinus rhythm with electric shock potentials which were misidentified as VF. After charge time of 3.16 seconds, ICD delivered defibrillation shock and sinus rhythm was still present. Conclusion. Oversensing of ICD has different aetiology and the most common cause is supraventricular tachyarrhythmia.

  18. [Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator and Perioperative Magnet Application: A Case Report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inoue, Miho; Tokuhira, Natsuko; Sawa, Teiji; Ibuki, Takae

    2015-02-01

    An implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) can falsely recognize noise by monopolar electrocautery as tachyarrhythmia and deliver inappropriate antitachycardia therapy. Application of a clinical magnet on an ICD suspends antitachycardia therapy, but it has not been widely used for this purpose. A 67-year-old male underwent laryngopharyngectomy, cervical esophagectomy, right neck dissection, tracheostomy and reconstruction with free jejunal transplant for recurrent hypopharyngeal cancer. He had an ICD (PARADYM DR8550, Sorin) implanted below the left clavicle for ventricular tachycardia and prolonged QT syndrome. During the operation, a clinical magnet was left on the ICD to disable antitachycardia therapy. The magnet mode of the ICD provided asynchronous AAI pacing at 96 beats x min(-1). The surgery proceeded uneventfully. No episode of ventricular tachyarrythmia or pacing inhibition by electromagnetic interference was observed on electrocardiogram. This case illustrated the potential role of a clinical magnet as an alternative to reprogramming of an ICD by a programmer in the perioperative management of a patient with an ICD when a technical expert to operate a programmer is not available.

  19. Spanish implantable cardioverter-defibrillator registry. 5th official report of the spanish society of cardiology working group on implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (2008).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peinado, Rafael; Torrecilla, Esteban G; Ormaetxe, José; Alvarez, Miguel; Cózar, Rocío; Alzueta, Javier

    2009-12-01

    To summarize the findings of the Spanish Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator (ICD) Registry for 2008 compiled by the Spanish Society of Cardiology Working Group on Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillators. Prospective data recorded voluntarily on single-page questionnaires were sent to the Spanish Society of Cardiology by each implantation team. Overall, 3486 device implantations were reported, which is 84.7% of the estimated total number of implantations. The reported implantation rate was 76 per million population and the estimated total implantation rate was 90 per million. The proportion of first implantations was 78.1%. There continued to be substantial regional variations within Spain. The majority of ICD implantations took place in men (mean age 62+/-12 years) who had severe or moderate-to-severe ventricular dysfunction and were in New York Heart Association functional class II. Ischemic heart disease was the most frequent underlying cardiac condition, followed by dilated cardiomyopathy. The number of indications for primary prevention increased relative to the previous year, especially in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy, and now account for 57% of first implantations. The types of ICD implanted were unchanged from 2007. Overall, 73.6% of ICDs were implanted by cardiac electrophysiologists. The 2008 Spanish ICD Registry includes data on almost 85% of all ICD implantations performed in Spain. Although the number has continued to increase, it still remains far from the European average. There was a significant increase in indications for primary prevention. Substantial regional variations continue to exist within Spain.

  20. Venous Obstruction Following Pacemaker or Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator Implantation, Mini Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Ali Akbarzadeh

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Venous obstruction is relatively frequent following permanent pacemaker or implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD implantation. However, most of them are asymptomatic. Although the exact risk factor for this complication is not known, number of leads, heart failure and infection may prone the patient to this complication. The goal standard for detection of vein stenosis is venography; however, ultrasound sonography has an acceptable accuracy. Anticoagulant therapy may be considered for symptomatic patients. For device upgrading, non-functional leads removal, venoplasty and rarely surgical treatment may be indicated.

  1. Implantable cardioverter defibrillators. Prophylactic use: an evidence-based analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    evidence, applicability, and the certainty of the baseline risks are considered in judgments about the strength of recommendations. Overall, ICDs are effective for the primary prevention of SCD. Three studies - the Multicentre Automatic Defibrillator Implantation Trial I (MADIT I), the Multicentre Automatic Defibrillator Implantation Trial II (MADIT II), and SCD-HeFT - showed there was a statistically significant decrease in total mortality for patients who prophylactically received an ICD compared with those who received conventional therapy (Table 1). Table 1:Results of Key Studies on the Use of Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators for the Primary Prevention of Sudden Cardiac Death - All-Cause MortalityStudy, * YearPopulationNFollow-up, MonthsMortality, ICD† Group, %Mortality, Control Group, %Hazard Ratio (95% CI)PNNT†MADIT, 1996 (2)Ischemic1962715.838.60.46 (0.26-0.82).0094PriormyocardialinfarctionConventional therapy54% relative reductionEjection fraction ≤ 0.35NSVT†EP† +MADIT II, 2002 (3)Ischemic12322014.219.80.69(0.51-0.93).01618PriormyocardialinfarctionConventional therapy31% relative reductionEjection fraction ≤ 0.30SCD-HeFT, 2005 (4)Ischemic & Nonischemic25216022290.77 (0.62-0.96).00713Optimal therapyEjection fraction effect across studies. If there is important unexplained inconsistency in the results, our confidence in the estimate of effect for that outcome decreases. Differences in the direction of effect, the size of the differences in effect, and the significance of the differences guide the decision about whether important inconsistency exists. Directness refers to the extent to which the people interventions and outcome measures are similar to those of interest. For example, there may be uncertainty about the directness of the evidence if the people of interest are older, sicker or have more comorbidity than those in the studies. As stated by the GRADE Working Group, the following definitions were used to grade the quality of the evidence

  2. Beam Profile Disturbances from Implantable Pacemakers or Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator Interactions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gossman, Michael S., E-mail: mgossman@tsrcc.com [Tri-State Regional Cancer Center, Medical Physics Section, Ashland, KY (United States); Comprehensive Heart and Vascular Associates, Heart and Vascular Center, Ashland, KY (United States); Medtronic, Inc., External Research Program, Mounds View, MN (United States); Nagra, Bipinpreet; Graves-Calhoun, Alison; Wilkinson, Jeffrey [Tri-State Regional Cancer Center, Medical Physics Section, Ashland, KY (United States); Comprehensive Heart and Vascular Associates, Heart and Vascular Center, Ashland, KY (United States); Medtronic, Inc., External Research Program, Mounds View, MN (United States)

    2011-01-01

    The medical community is advocating for progressive improvement in the design of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators and implantable pacemakers to accommodate elevations in dose limitation criteria. With advancement already made for magnetic resonance imaging compatibility in some, a greater need is present to inform the radiation oncologist and medical physicist regarding treatment planning beam profile changes when such devices are in the field of a therapeutic radiation beam. Treatment plan modeling was conducted to simulate effects induced by Medtronic, Inc.-manufactured devices on therapeutic radiation beams. As a continuation of grant-supported research, we show that radial and transverse open beam profiles of a medical accelerator were altered when compared with profiles resulting when implantable pacemakers and cardioverter-defibrillators are placed directly in the beam. Results are markedly different between the 2 devices in the axial plane and the sagittal planes. Vast differences are also presented for the therapeutic beams at 6-MV and 18-MV x-ray energies. Maximum changes in percentage depth dose are observed for the implantable cardioverter-defibrillator as 9.3% at 6 MV and 10.1% at 18 MV, with worst distance to agreement of isodose lines at 2.3 cm and 1.3 cm, respectively. For the implantable pacemaker, the maximum changes in percentage depth dose were observed as 10.7% at 6 MV and 6.9% at 18 MV, with worst distance to agreement of isodose lines at 2.5 cm and 1.9 cm, respectively. No differences were discernible for the defibrillation leads and the pacing lead.

  3. Antitachycardia pacing programming in implantable cardioverter defibrillator: A systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Maria, Elia; Giacopelli, Daniele; Borghi, Ambra; Modonesi, Letizia; Cappelli, Stefano

    2017-05-26

    Implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) programming involves several parameters. In recent years antitachycardia pacing (ATP) has gained an increasing importance in the treatment of ventricular arrhythmias, whether slow or fast. It reduces the number of unnecessary and inappropriate shocks and improves both patient's quality of life and device longevity. There is no clear indication regarding the type of ATP to be used, except for the treatment of fast ventricular tachycardias (188 bpm-250 bpm) where it has been shown a greater efficacy and safety of burst compared to ramp; 8 impulses in each sequence of ATP appears to be the best programming option in this setting. Beyond ATP use, excellent clinical results were obtained with programming standardization following these principles: extended detection time in ventricular fibrillation (VF) zone; supraventricular discrimination criteria up to 200 bpm; first shock in VF zone at the maximum energy in order to reduce the risk of multiple shocks. The MADIT-RIT trial and some observational registries have also recently demonstrated that programming with a widespread use of ATP, higher cut-off rates or delayed intervention reduces the number of inappropriate and unnecessary therapies and improves the survival of patients during mid-term follow-up.

  4. Radiation tolerance of contemporary implantable cardioverter-defibrillators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mollerus, Michael; Naslund, Leslee; Lipinski, Margaret; Meyer, Anne; Libey, Bruce; Dornfeld, Ken

    2014-03-01

    Implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) are complex instruments using integrated circuit technology. Previous studies suggested risk to the device when exposed to a radiation environment. Little data is available on contemporary ICD systems. The purpose of the present study was to assess the ability of contemporary ICD designs to resist the damaging effects of direct exposure to therapeutic doses of radiation. Four contemporary ICDs and four legacy ICDs devices were exposed to escalating doses of photon irradiation (XRT) from a 6-MV linear accelerator. Escalating doses were administered over 8 days to a maximum cumulative dose of 131.11 Gy or catastrophic failure. Each legacy device had catastrophic failure following the 6th XRT session, characterized by failure to deliver shock therapy. All four contemporary devices remained fully functional following the 8th and final XRT session (P = 0.03). The cumulative, survived radiation dose was significantly different between the contemporary and legacy groups (131.11 vs. 41.11 Gy, P = 0.01). Changes seen in the legacy devices were sudden and not anticipated by trends in prior sessions. The results of this study suggest that contemporary ICD designs may be more robust than earlier designs in a radiation environment.

  5. Psychometric analysis of the Patient Health Questionnaire in Danish patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Susanne S.; Mathiasen, Kim; Christensen, Karl Bang

    2016-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To assess the psychometric properties of the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), a measure of depressive symptoms, in a large Danish national cohort of patients with heart disease, implanted with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD), using item response theory. METHODS...

  6. Cost-Effectiveness of Adding Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy to an Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator Among Patients With Mild Heart Failure

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Woo, Christopher Y; Strandberg, Erika J; Schmiegelow, Michelle D

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) reduces mortality and heart failure hospitalizations in patients with mild heart failure. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the cost-effectiveness of adding CRT to an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (CRT-D) compared with implantable cardioverter-def...

  7. Complications of third-generation implantable cardioverter defibrillator therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grimm, W; Menz, V; Hoffmann, J; Timmann, U; Funck, R; Moosdorf, R; Maisch, B

    1999-01-01

    To determine the incidence of complications of third-generation implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) therapy, 144 patients were prospectively studied who underwent first implant of third-generation devices (i.e., ICD systems with biphasic shocks, ECG storage capability, and nonthoracotomy lead systems). During 21 +/- 15 months of follow-up, 41 (28%) patients had one or more complications. No patient died perioperatively (30 days) and no ICD infection was observed during follow-up. Complications included bleeding or pocket hematoma (hemoglobin drop > 2 g/dL) in 5 (3%) patients, prolonged reversible ischemic neurological deficit in 1 (1%) patient, postoperative deep venous thrombosis of leg in 1 (1%) patient, pneumothorax in 2 (1%) patients, difficulty to defibrillate ventricular fibrillation intraoperatively in 2 (1%) patients, generator malfunction in 1 (1%) patient, arthritis of the shoulder in 3 (2%) patients, and allergic reaction to prophylactic antibiotics in 2 (1%) patients. A total of seven lead related complications were observed in six (4%) patients including endocardial lead migration in four (3%) patients. Twenty-three (16%) patients received inappropriate shocks for supraventricular tachyarrhythmias (n = 13), non-sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT) (n = 7), or myopotential oversensing (n = 3). We conclude that serious complications such as perioperative death or ICD infection are rare in patients with third-generation ICDs. Lead-related problems and inappropriate shocks during follow-up are the most frequent complications of third-generation ICD therapy. Recognition of these complications should promote advances in ICD technology and management strategies to avoid their recurrence.

  8. Patients' perception of implantable cardioverter defibrillator deactivation at the end of life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hill, Loreena; McIlfatrick, Sonja; Taylor, Brian; Dixon, Lana; Harbinson, Mark; Fitzsimons, Donna

    2015-04-01

    Individualised care at the end of life requires professional understanding of the patient's perception of implantable cardioverter defibrillator deactivation. The aim was to evaluate the evidence on patients' perception of implantable cardioverter defibrillator deactivation at end of life. Systematic narrative review of empirical studies was published during 2008-2014. Data were collected from six databases, citations from relevant articles and expert recommendations. In all, 18 studies included with collective population of n = 5810. Concept mapping highlighted three themes: (1) Diverse preferences regarding discussion and deactivation. Deactivation was rarely discussed pre-implantation, with some studies demonstrating patients' reluctance to discuss implantable cardioverter defibrillator deactivation at any stage. Two studies found the majority of patients valued such discussions. Diversity was reflected in patients' willingness to deactivate, ranging from 12% (n = 9) in Irish cohort to 79% (n = 195) in Dutch study. (2) Ethical and legal considerations were predominant in Canadian and American literature as patients wanted to contribute but felt the decision should be a doctor's responsibility. Advance directives were uncommon in Europe, and where they existed the implantable cardioverter defibrillator was not mentioned. (3) 'Living in the now' was evident as despite deteriorating symptoms many patients maintained a positive outlook and anticipated surviving more than 10 years. Several studies asserted living longer was more important than quality of life. Patients regard the implantable cardioverter defibrillator as a complex and solely beneficial device, with little insight regarding its potential impact on a peaceful death. This review confirms the need for professionals to discuss with patients and families implantable cardioverter defibrillator functionality and deactivation at appropriate opportunities. © The Author(s) 2014.

  9. Intensity of primary emotions in patients after implantation of an implantable cardioverter defibrillator

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stoier, Louise; Pedersen, Preben Ulrich; Berg, Selina Kikkenborg

    2013-01-01

    Background: Experienced emotions can affect the outcome of, and adherence to a cardiac rehabilitation program, and patients coping with an illness. With more awareness of the expressed emotions, health professionals might be better able to understand the reactions of patients and to improve...... the support needed for coping. Living with an Implantable Cardi- overter Defibrillator can lead to anxiety and depression. Focus on the intensity of the primary emotions might be a potential to prevent development of these psychological states. Objectives: The aim of this paper are 1) to describe...... the intensity of primary emotions in patients after implantation of an Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator and 2) to compare them with both the intensity of primary emotions in patients with a recent Myocardial Infarction and with a healthy population. Method: The intensity of primary emotions in patients...

  10. Experiences of patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillator in Turkey: A qualitative study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Özgür Aslan

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. There has been an increase in the number of patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD. It isimportant to understand ICD patients’ experiences with it.Aim. The aim of this study was to describe experiences of patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD.Methodology. A qualitative approach was used. Focus group interviews were used to obtain data from 19 patients whowere implanted cardioverter defibrillator at two centers in Izmir, Turkey. The patients were assigned into four groups. Thedata was analyzed using qualitative content analysis.Results. The analysis revealed six main themes: activities of daily living, social life, familial relationships, emotionalchanges, implantable cardioverter defibrillator shocks and experiences with receiving information and counselling fromhealth care providers.Conclusions. It can be concluded that patients with ICD experience physical and psychological problems and are not offeredthe education they need. To reduce the fears of the patients and their families and to prepare them for possible life stylechanges, comprehensive training programs that start in the pre-implantation period and continue into the post-implantationperiod should be organized.

  11. Sleep disturbance in patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator: Prevalence, predictors and impact on health status.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Habibović, M; Mudde, L; Pedersen, S S; Schoormans, D; Widdershoven, J; Denollet, J

    2017-12-01

    Sleep disturbances are highly prevalent in patients with cardiac diseases and associated with poor health outcomes. However, little is known about sleep disturbance in patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator. We examined the prevalence and predictors of sleep disturbance and the impact on perceived health status in a Dutch cohort of implantable cardioverter defibrillator patients. Patients ( n=195) enrolled in the Web-based distress program for implantable cardioverter defibrillator patients (WEBCARE) trial completed questionnaires at the time of implantable cardioverter defibrillator implantation, three, six and 12 months afterwards. Sleep disturbance was assessed with the corresponding item #3 of the Patient Health Questionnaire 9. At baseline, 67% ( n=130) reported sleep disturbance (cut off ≥1). One year later, the prevalence was 57% ( n=112). Younger age (odds ratio=0.96, 95% confidence interval 0.92-0.99; p=0.012) and high negative affectivity/low social inhibition (odds ratio=4.47, 95% confidence interval 1.52-13.17; p=0.007) were associated with sleep disturbance at 12 months in adjusted analyses. Sleep disturbance was not associated with health status at 12 months. Charlson Comorbidity Index, anxiety, Type D personality and high negative affectivity/low social inhibition were associated with impaired health status at follow-up. Sleep disturbance was highly prevalent in patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator. Younger age and high negative affectivity predicted sleep disturbance 12 months post-implantation independent of other demographic, clinical, intervention and psychological covariates. Sleep disturbance was not associated with impaired health status at the 12-month follow-up.

  12. Spanish Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator Registry. Sixth official report of the Spanish Society Of Cardiology Working Group on Implantable Cardioverter-defibrillators (2009).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alzueta, Javier; Linde, Antonio; Barrera, Alberto; Peña, Jose; Peinado, Rafael

    2010-12-01

    This article describes the findings of the 2009 Spanish Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator (ICD) Registry compiled by the Working Group on Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillators of the Spanish Society of Cardiology's Electrophysiology and Arrhythmias Section. Each implantation team voluntarily sent prospective data recorded on a single-page document to the Spanish Society of Cardiology. In total, 4108 device implantations were reported, which comprised 88.6% of the estimated total number of implantations carried out. The number of implants reported corresponded to 89 per million population and the estimated total number was 100.2 per million. The proportion of first implantations among those reported was 71.3%. Data were received from 134 centers, 17 more than in 2008. There continued to be significant regional variations between the various Spanish autonomous regions. The highest implantation rate (81%) was in men (mean age 62 years) who had severe or moderate-to-severe ventricular dysfunction and were in New York Heart Association functional class II. The most common heart condition was ischemic heart disease, followed by dilated cardiomyopathy. Indications for primary prevention accounted for 55.9% of first implantations; this figure was lower than the previous year's for the first time since 2003. The most significant increase observed was in patients with ischemic heart disease. The 2009 Spanish ICD registry included data on almost 89% of all ICD implantations performed in the country. Although the number of implantations has continued to increase, it still remains far from the European average. The percentage of implantations performed for primary prevention was observed to have stabilized.

  13. Decreased Defibrillation Threshold and Minimized Myocardial Damage With Left Axilla Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator Implantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noro, Mahito; Zhu, Xin; Enomoto, Yoshinari; Oikawa, Yasuhiro; Tatsunami, Hiroyuki; Ishii, Rina; Toyoda, Yasutake; Asami, Masako; Sahara, Naohiko; Takagi, Takahito; Narabayashi, Yuriko; Hashimoto, Hikari; Ito, Naoshi; Kujime, Shingo; Sakai, Tsuyoshi; Nakamura, Keijirou; Sakata, Takao; Abe, Haruhiko; Sugi, Kaoru

    2016-01-01

    To reduce myocardial damage caused by implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) shock, the left axilla was studied as an alternative pulse generator implantation site, and compared with the traditional implantation site, the left anterior chest. Computer simulation was used to study the defibrillation conduction pattern and estimate the simulated defibrillation threshold (DFT) and myocardial damage when pulse generators were placed in the left axilla and left anterior chest, respectively; pulse generators were also newly implanted in the left axilla (n=30) and anterior chest (n=40) to compare the corresponding DFT. On simulation, when ICD generators were implanted in the left axilla, compared with the left anterior chest, the whole heart may be defibrillated with a lower defibrillation energy (left axilla 6.4 J vs. left anterior chest 12.0 J) and thus the proportion of cardiac myocardial damage may be reduced (2.1 vs. 4.2%). Clinically, ventricular fibrillation was successfully terminated with a defibrillation output ≤5 J in 86.7% (26/30) of the left axillary group, and in 27.5% (11/40) of the left anterior group (P<0.001). Clinically and theoretically, the left axilla was shown to be an improved ICD implantation site that may reduce DFT and lessen myocardial damage due to shock. Lower DFT also facilitates less myocardial damage, as a result of the lower shock required.

  14. Implantable cardioverter defibrillator therapy for prevention of sudden cardiac death in children in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Heersche, Jogien H. M.; Blom, Nico A.; van de Heuvel, Freek; Blank, Christiaan; Reimer, Annette G.; Clur, Sally-Ann; Witsenburg, Maarten; ten Harkel, A. Derk Jan

    2010-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) therapy is increasingly used in children. The purpose of this multicenter study is to evaluate mid-term clinical outcome and to identify predictors for device discharge in pediatric ICD recipients. METHODS AND RESULTS: From 1995 to 2006, 45

  15. SUDDEN CARDIAC DEATH AND THE USE OF IMPLANTABLE CARDIOVERTER-DEFIBRILLATORS IN PEDIATRIC-PATIENTS

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    SILKA, MJ; KRON, J; DUNNIGAN, A; DICK, M; BINKBOELKENS, M; ERICKSON, CC; JEDEIKIN, R; WETZEL, GT; VANHARE, GF; CAMPBELL, R; WALSH, E; SAUL, JP; SCHAFFER, MS; KARPAWICH, P; VOGEL, RL; BENSON, DW; DEAL, B; SCAGLIOTTI, D; STERBA, R; HORDOF, AJ; KRONGRAD, E; KANTER, RJ; EPSTEIN, M; COHEN, M; BEDER, S; HAMILTON, R; FOURNIER, A; HUBBARD, J; CHRISTIANSEN, JL; JENNINGS, J; VILLAFANE, J; PORTER, CBJ; CASE, C; GILLETTE, PC; BELAND, M; KUGLER, JD; OCONNOR, BK; ALLENDER, H; HERNDON, SP; SMITH, RT; BURTON, D; KURER, CC; BYRUM, C; GUAM, WE; FRIEDMAN, R; PERRY, JC; SCOTT, W; MEHTA, AV; PICKHOFF, AS; FISH, F; YEAGER, S; KAWABORI, [No Value; TRIPPLE, M; ROSENFELD, LE

    Background. During the past decade. the implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) has emerged as the primary therapeutic option for survivors of sudden cardiac death (SCD). Investigation of the clinical efficacy of these devices has primarily assessed outcome in adults with coronary artery

  16. Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator Therapy for Prevention of Sudden Cardiac Death in Children in The Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Heersche, Jogien H. M.; Blom, Nico A.; Van De Heuvel, Freek; Blank, Christiaan; Reimer, Annette G.; Clur, Sally-Ann; Witsenburg, Maarten; Ten Harkel, A. Derk Jan

    Introduction: Implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) therapy is increasingly used in children. The purpose of this multicenter study is to evaluate mid-term clinical outcome and to identify predictors for device discharge in pediatric ICD recipients. Methods and Results: From 1995 to 2006, 45

  17. Sex differences in outcomes of primary prevention implantable cardioverter defibrillator therapy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sticherling, Christian; Arendacka, Barbora; Svendsen, Jesper Hastrup

    2018-01-01

    Aims: Therapy with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) is established for the prevention of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in high risk patients. We aimed to determine the effectiveness of primary prevention ICD therapy by analysing registry data from 14 centres in 11 European countries...

  18. Illness perceptions in patients with heart failure and an implantable cardioverter defibrillator

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Timmermans, I.; Versteeg, H.; Meine, Mathias M

    2017-01-01

    and clinical and psychological correlates of the B-IPQ in Dutch, French and German patients with heart failure and an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD). Method European heart failure patients (n=585) participating in the REMOTE-CIED study completed a set of questionnaires 1–2weeks post ICD...

  19. Emotional distress in partners of patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Van Den Broek, Krista C; Habibović, Mirela; Pedersen, Susanne S.

    2010-01-01

    Both patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) and their partners face challenges when adapting to the ICD. Distress is a burden on its own for partners but may also affect well being and health of patients. This review provides a systematic overview of the literature on psych...

  20. Undertreatment of anxiety and depression in patients with an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hoogwegt, Madelein T; Kupper, Nina; Theuns, Dominic A M J

    2012-01-01

    Twenty-five to 33% of patients with an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) experience anxiety and depression, but it is not known whether their symptoms are adequately treated. We investigated (a) whether patients with clinically relevant symptoms of distress received appropriate treatment...

  1. Gender disparities in anxiety and quality of life in patients with an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Habibović, Mirela; van den Broek, Krista C; Theuns, Dominic A M J

    2011-01-01

    A paucity of studies in implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) patients has examined gender disparities in patient-reported outcomes, such as anxiety and quality of life (QoL). We investigated (i) gender disparities in anxiety and QoL and (ii) the magnitude of the effect of gender vs. New...

  2. Emotional distress, positive affect, and mortality in patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van den Broek, K.C.; Tekle, F.B.; Habibovic, M.; Alings, M.; van der Voort, P.H.; Denollet, J.

    2013-01-01

    Background Little is known about the relationship between emotional distress and mortality in patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD). Our aim was to examine the predictive value of general negative and positive affect, and depressive symptoms (including its components somatic

  3. Clinical effects and implications of cardiac rehabilitation for implantable cardioverter defibrillator patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berg, Selina Kikkenborg; Moons, Philip; Christensen, Anne Vingaard

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND:: The Copenhagen Outpatient ProgrammE-Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator trial was a randomized clinical trial that compared a complex rehabilitation intervention including exercise training and psychoeducational interventions with usual care. A significant difference between rehab...... and death and regain trust in their bodies. CONCLUSION:: The program has a clinical effect and is perceived as beneficial through supportive coping....

  4. An unusual etiological agent of implantable cardioverter device endocarditis: Corynebacterium mucifaciens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adnan Kaya

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Cardiac pacing devices and implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD are becoming the mainstay of therapy in cardiology and infective endocarditis (IE and pocket infection; however, these devices require careful monitoring. Here, we describe a case of a 68-year-old female with an ICD presenting with a previously unknown etiological agent of IE, Corynebacterium mucifaciens.

  5. Implantation of looped epicardial cardioverter defibrillator coil on the surface of the right ventricular outflow tract.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozyuksel, Arda; Ersoy, Cihangir; Akdeniz, Celal; Akcevin, Atif; Turkoglu, Halil; Tuzcu, Volkan

    2015-04-01

    We present the early results of looped epicardial cardioverter defibrillator coil implantation on the anterior surface of right ventricular outflow tract in infants and children. Patients with a surgical history of an epicardial implantable cardioverter defibrillator system between 2013 and 2014 were included in the study. Patient age, gender, body weight, indications for a cardioverter defibrillator system implantation, defibrillation threshold values, and defibrillation therapies were retrospectively evaluated. There were eight patients with a mean age of 4.4 ± 2.9 years and a mean body weight of 19.5 ± 11.7 kg. Five of the patients had been diagnosed with long QT syndrome, one patient had been diagnosed with genetic channelopathy and noncompaction of the left ventricle, and two patients had been diagnosed with univentricle physiology. The implantable cardioverter defibrillator system was composed of pace-sense leads, an abdominal active can, and a defibrillation coil placed below the pulmonary valve annulus on the anterior surface of the heart. The mean defibrillation threshold was 6.6 ± 2.3 joules. There were four appropriate therapies in two patients in a mean follow-up of 9 ± 6.5 months. The significantly low defibrillation thresholds with the defibrillation coils located below the pulmonary valve annulus are encouraging. However, a larger patient series will be necessary to evaluate the safety and reliability of this technique. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  6. Psychosocial impact of implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD) in young adults with Tetralogy of Fallot

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Opic, Petra; Utens, Elisabeth M. W. J.; Moons, Philip; Theuns, Dominic A. M. J.; van Dijk, Arie P. J.; Hoendermis, Elke S.; Vliegen, Hubert W.; de Groot, Natasja M. S.; Witsenburg, Maarten; Schalij, Martin; Roos-Hesselink, Jolien W.

    To investigate the psychosocial impact of having an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) in adults with Tetralogy of Fallot (ToF). Included were 26 ToF-patients with an ICD (age 44 +/- A 12 years), and two control groups consisting of 28 ToF-patients without an ICD (age 40 +/- A 10 years)

  7. Psychosocial impact of implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD) in young adults with Tetralogy of Fallot.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Opic, P.; Utens, E.M.; Moons, P.; Theuns, D.A.; Dijk, A.P.J. van; Hoendermis, E.S.; Vliegen, H.W.; Groot, N.M. de; Witsenburg, M.; Schalij, M.; Roos-Hesselink, J.W.

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To investigate the psychosocial impact of having an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) in adults with Tetralogy of Fallot (ToF). METHODS: Included were 26 ToF-patients with an ICD (age 44 +/- 12 years), and two control groups consisting of 28 ToF-patients without an ICD (age 40

  8. Psychosocial impact of implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD) in young adults with Tetralogy of Fallot

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    P. Opic (Petra); E.M.W.J. Utens (Elisabeth); P. Moons (Philip); D.A.M.J. Theuns (Dominic); A.P.J. van Dijk (Arie); E.S. Hoendermis (Elke); H.W. Vliegen (Hubert); N.M.S. de Groot (Natasja); M. Witsenburg (Maarten); M.J. Schalij (Martin Jan); J.W. Roos-Hesselink (Jolien)

    2012-01-01

    textabstractObjective To investigate the psychosocial impact of having an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) in adults with Tetralogy of Fallot (ToF). Methods Included were 26 ToF-patients with an ICD (age 44 ± 12 years), and two control groups consisting of 28 ToF-patients without an ICD

  9. Implantable cardioverter defibrillator treatment : benefits and pitfalls in the currently indicated population

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Borleffs, Carel Jan Willem

    2010-01-01

    On one hand, clinicians have expressed concern that the number-needed-to-treat for primary prevention implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) might be too high and that the population eligible for primary prevention ICD treatment is of such magnitude that ICD therapy will strain financial

  10. Right ventricular pacing and the risk of heart failure in implantable cardioverter-defibrillator patients

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Smit, Marcelle D.; Van Dessel, Pascal F. H. M.; Nieuwland, Wybe; Wiesfeld, Ans C. P.; Tan, Eng S.; Anthonio, Rutger L.; Van Erven, Lieselot; Van Veldhuisen, Dirk J.; Van Gelder, Isabelle C.

    2006-01-01

    BACKGROUND Right ventricular (RV) pacing in implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) patients may have detrimental effects on morbidity and mortality, in particular by inducing heart failure (HF). OBJECTIVE We investigated whether RV pacing increases the risk of HF in an asymptomatic ICD

  11. Psychological Indices as Predictors for Phantom Shocks in Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator Recipients

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Starrenburg, Annemieke H.; Kraaier, Karin; Pedersen, Susanne S.; Scholten, Marcoen; van der Palen, Jacobus Adrianus Maria

    2014-01-01

    Background A phantom shock—the sensation of an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) discharge in the absence of an actual discharge—is a phenomenon that can occur in ICD patients. Little is known about the influence of psychological factors on the incidence of phantom shocks. We evaluated

  12. Incidence and predictors of phantom shocks in implantable cardioverter defibrilator recipients

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kraaier, K.; Starrenburg, A.H.; Verheggen, R.M.; van der Palen, Jacobus Adrianus Maria; Scholten, M.F.

    2013-01-01

    Background Implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) are designed to deliver shocks or antitachycardia pacing (ATP) in the event of ventricular arrhythmias. During follow-up, some ICD recipients experience the sensation of ICD discharge in the absence of an actual discharge (phantom shock). The

  13. Psychological indices as predictors for phantom shocks in implantable cardioverter defibrillator recipients

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Starrenburg, A.; Kraaier, K.; Pedersen, S.S.; Scholten, M.; van der Palen, J.

    2014-01-01

    Background A phantom shock—the sensation of an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) discharge in the absence of an actual discharge—is a phenomenon that can occur in ICD patients. Little is known about the influence of psychological factors on the incidence of phantom shocks. We evaluated

  14. Posttraumatic stress and anxiety in patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Habibović, Mirela; Denollet, J; Pedersen, S S

    2017-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) therapy is first-line treatment for the primary and secondary prevention of sudden cardiac death. Despite the unequivocal medical benefits, living with an ICD may affect patients' psychological functioning and general well-being. We examined...... CARdioverter dEfibrillator patients (WEBCARE) study. Data were analyzed using Latent class analyses, with trajectories of PTSD symptomatology and anxiety examined between baseline and 12 months follow-up. RESULTS: The mean age of the sample was 58.9±9.8, with the majority being male (82%). Latent Class...

  15. Outcomes of Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator Use in Patients With Comorbidities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steinberg, Benjamin A.; Al-Khatib, Sana M.; Edwards, Rex; Han, JooYoon; Bardy, Gust H.; Bigger, Thomas J.; Buxton, Alfred E.; Moss, Arthur J.; Lee, Kerry L.; Steinman, Richard; Dorian, Paul; Hallstrom, Alfred; Cappato, Riccardo; Kadish, Alan H.; Kudenchuk, Peter J.; Mark, Daniel B.; Inoue, Lurdes Y.T.; Sanders, Gillian D.

    2014-01-01

    Objectives The aim of this study was to determine if the benefit of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) is modulated by medical comorbidity. Background Primary prevention ICDs improve survival in patients at risk for sudden cardiac death. Their benefit in patients with significant comorbid illness has not been demonstrated. Methods Original, patient-level datasets from MADIT I (Multicenter Automatic Defibrillator Implantation Trial I), MADIT II, DEFINITE (Defibrillators in Non-Ischemic Cardiomyopathy Treatment Evaluation), and SCD-HeFT (Sudden Cardiac Death in Heart Failure Trial) were combined. Patients in the combined population (N = 3,348) were assessed with respect to the following comorbidities: smoking, pulmonary disease, diabetes, peripheral vascular disease, atrial fibrillation, ischemic heart disease, and chronic kidney disease. The primary outcome was overall mortality, using the hazard ratio (HR) of time to death for patients receiving an ICD versus no ICD by extent of medical comorbidity, and adjusted for age, sex, race, left ventricular ejection fraction, use of antiarrhythmic drugs, beta-blockers, and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors. Results Overall, 25% of patients (n = 830) had <2 comorbid conditions versus 75% (n = 2,518) with significant comorbidity (≥2). The unadjusted hazard of death for patients with an ICD versus no ICD was significantly lower, but this effect was less for patients with ≥2 comorbidities (unadjusted HR: 0.71; 95% confidence interval: 0.61 to 0.84) compared with those with <2 comorbidities (unadjusted HR: 0.59; 95% confidence interval: 0.40 to 0.87). After adjustment, the benefit of an ICD decreased with increasing number of comorbidities (p = 0.004). Conclusions Patients with extensive comorbid medical illnesses may experience less benefit from primary prevention ICDs than those with less comorbidity; implantation should be carefully considered in sick patients. Further study of ICDs in medically complex

  16. Monitoring treatment expectations in patients with an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator using the EXPECT-ICD scale

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Habibovic, M.; Pedersen, S.S.; van den Broek, K.C.; Denollet, J.

    2014-01-01

    Aims Patient treatment expectations may affect cardiac outcomes; however, till date, no validated instruments have been developed to monitor treatment expectations in patients with an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD). This study evaluates the predictive value of the newly developed

  17. Classic conditioning and dysfunctional cognitions in patients with panic disorder and agoraphobia treated with an implantable cardioverter/defibrillator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Godemann, F; Ahrens, B; Behrens, S; Berthold, R; Gandor, C; Lampe, F; Linden, M

    2001-01-01

    A model for the development of anxiety disorders (panic disorder with or without agoraphobia) is needed. Patients with an implantable cardioverter/defibrillator (ICD) are exposed to repeated electric shocks. If the theory of anxiety development by aversive classic conditioning processes is valid, these repeated shocks should lead to an increased risk of anxiety disorders. To study this hypothesis, we retrospectively studied 72 patients after implantation of an automatic ICD. Patients were assessed with the semistructured Diagnostic Interview of Psychiatric Disease 1 to 6 years after implantation of an automatic ICD. Panic disorder and/or agoraphobia was diagnosed in patients who fulfilled all DSM-III-R criteria for those conditions. Anxiety disorder developed in 15.9% of patients after ICD implantation. This was significantly related to the frequency of repeated defibrillation (shocks) to stop malignant ventricular arrhythmias. Dysfunctional cognitions are an additional vulnerability factor. The data support both the conditioning hypothesis and the cognitive model of anxiety development. These findings suggest that ICD patients are an appropriate risk population for a prospective study of the development of anxiety disorders.

  18. Impact of programming strategies aimed at reducing nonessential implantable cardioverter defibrillator therapies on mortality: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, Vern Hsen; Wilton, Stephen B; Kuriachan, Vikas; Sumner, Glen L; Exner, Derek V

    2014-02-01

    Patients who receive implantable cardioverter defibrillator therapies are at higher risk of death versus those who do not. Programmed settings to reduce nonessential implantable cardioverter defibrillator therapies (therapy reduction programming) have been developed but may have adverse effects. This systematic review and meta-analysis assessed the relationship between therapy reduction programming with the risks of death from any cause, implantable cardioverter defibrillator shocks, and syncope. MEDLINE, EMBASE, and clinicaltrials.gov databases were searched to identify relevant studies. Those that followed patients for ≥6 months and reported mortality were included. Six met the inclusion criteria; 4 randomized (Comparison of Empiric to Physician-Tailored Programming of ICDs [EMPIRIC], Multicenter Automatic Defibrillator Implantation Trial-Reduce Inappropriate Therapy [MADIT-RIT], Avoid Delivering Therapies for Non-sustained Arrhythmias in ICD Patients III [ADVANCE III], and Programming Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillators in Patients with Primary Prevention Indication to Prolong Time to First Shock [PROVIDE]) and 2 prospective studies (Role of Long Detection Window Programming in Patients With Left Ventricular Dysfunction, Non-ischemic Etiology in Primary Prevention Treated with a Biventricular ICD [RELEVANT] and Primary Prevention Parameters Evaluation [PREPARE]). These 6 studies included 7687 (3598 conventional and 4089 therapy reduction programming) patients. Most (77%) participants were men, had a history of ischemic heart disease (56%), and were prescribed β-blockers (84%). Therapy reduction programming was associated with a 30% relative reduction in mortality (95% confidence interval, 16%-41%; Pprogramming (P=0.5). Therapy reduction programming results in a large, significant, and consistent reduction in mortality, with no apparent increase in the risk of syncope.

  19. Spanish Implantable Cardioverter-defibrillator Registry. Ninth official report of the Spanish Society of Cardiology Electrophysiology and Arrhythmias Section (2012).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alzueta, Javier; Fernández, José María

    2013-11-01

    To summarize the findings of the Spanish Implantable Cardioverter-defibrillator Registry for 2012 compiled by the Electrophysiology and Arrhythmias Section of the Spanish Society of Cardiology. Prospective data recorded voluntarily on single-page questionnaires were sent to the Spanish Society of Cardiology by each implantation team. Overall, 4216 device implantations were reported, representing 80.8% of the estimated total number of implantations. The reported implantation rate was 91.2 per million population and the estimated total implantation rate was 113 per million. The proportion of first implantations was 69.4%. We collected data from 161 hospitals (6 fewer than in 2011). The majority of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator recipients were men (83.4%). Mean age was 61.8 (13.4) years. Most patients had severe or moderate-to-severe ventricular dysfunction and were in New York Heart Association functional class II. Ischemic heart disease was the most frequent underlying cardiac condition, followed by dilated cardiomyopathy. The number of indications for primary prevention decreased over the previous year and now account for 58.1% of first implantations. Overall, 81% of the implantable cardioverter-defibrillator were implanted by cardiac electrophysiologists. The 2012 Spanish Implantable Cardioverter-defibrillator Registry includes data on 80.8% of all implantable cardioverter-defibrillators implantations performed in Spain. This is the second consecutive year in which the number of implantations has slightly decreased compared to the previous year. This year, the percentage of implantations for primary prevention indications also decreased. Copyright © 2013 Sociedad Española de Cardiología. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  20. Overview of implantable cardioverter defibrillator and cardiac resynchronisation therapy in heart failure management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chia, Pow-Li; Foo, David

    2016-01-01

    Clinical trials have established the benefits of implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) and cardiac resynchronisation therapy (CRT) in the treatment of heart failure patients. As adjuncts to guideline-directed medical therapy, ICDs confer mortality benefits from sudden cardiac arrest, while CRT reduces mortality, hospitalisation rates and improves functional capacity. This review discusses the use of ICDs and CRT devices in heart failure management, outlining the evidence supporting their use, indications and contraindications. PMID:27440409

  1. Athletic participation in the young patient with an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lampert, Rachel; Law, Ian

    2017-01-01

    The decision of whether to allow a young patient with an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator to continue to participate in sports is complex and multi-factorial. The positive physical and psychosocial impact of sports participation must be weighed against the potential adverse events associated with implantable cardioverter-defibrillators. Arrhythmias appear to be more prevalent in athletes and occur more frequently during physical activity or competition/practice, but there is growing evidence that device therapy is effective in athletes across a wide range of competitive sports. Failure of a device to convert a life-threatening arrhythmia, major injury from a shock, and increased lead failure have thus far not been reported in the prospective Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator Sports Registry, but follow-up remains relatively short. Thoughtful consideration of disease state, arrhythmia risk, and the potential dangers of device therapy during the desired sports is imperative before allowing participation. Frank discussion with children and families regarding the possibility of shocks during sports, as well as at other times, is imperative. Ongoing and future studies will help guide these decisions.

  2. Avoiding Untimely Implantable Cardioverter/Defibrillator Implantation by Intensified Heart Failure Therapy Optimization Supported by the Wearable Cardioverter/Defibrillator-The PROLONG Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duncker, David; König, Thorben; Hohmann, Stephan; Bauersachs, Johann; Veltmann, Christian

    2017-01-17

    Optimal timing of implantation of an implantable cardioverter/defibrillator (ICD) after newly diagnosed heart failure is unclear given that late reverse remodelling may occur. We aimed to analyze left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) after diagnosis of an LVEF ≤35% during optimization of heart failure drug therapy. One hundred fifty-six patients with newly diagnosed LVEF ≤35% receiving a wearable cardioverter/defibrillator (WCD) were analyzed. WCD was prescribed for 3 months until first re-evaluation. Indications for prolongation of WCD wearing period instead of ICD implantation were: (1) LVEF at 3-month visit 30% to 35%; (2) increase in LVEF of ≥5% compared to the last visit; and (3) nonoptimized heart failure medication. Mean LVEF was 24±7% at diagnosis and 39±11% at last follow-up (mean, 12±10 months). Whereas 88 patients presented a primary preventive ICD indication (LVEF ≤35%) at 3-month follow-up, only 58 showed a persistent primary preventive ICD indication at last follow-up. This delayed improvement in LVEF was related to nonischemic origin of cardiomyopathy, New York Heart Association functional class at baseline, heart rate, better LVEF after 3 months, and higher dosages of mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist. Twelve appropriate WCD shocks for ventricular tachycardia/ventricular fibrillation occurred in 11 patients. Two patients suffered from ventricular tachycardia/ventricular fibrillation beyond 3 months after diagnosis. A relevant proportion of patients with newly diagnosed heart failure shows recovery of LVEF >35% beyond 3 months after initiation of heart failure therapy. To avoid untimely ICD implantation, prolongation of WCD period should be considered in these patients to prevent sudden cardiac death while allowing left ventricular reverse remodeling during intensified drug therapy. © 2017 The Authors. Published on behalf of the American Heart Association, Inc., by Wiley Blackwell.

  3. Minimally invasive, pericardial implantable cardioverter-defibrillator placement in a young child

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wakana Maki

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available We report the successful minimally invasive placement of a pericardial implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD in a 16-kg child. A transvenous ICD dual coil was advanced through a small subxiphoid incision and screwed into the oblique sinus pericardium under fluoroscopic guidance. An additional sense-pace lead was sutured onto the right ventricular apex, and the generator was placed in the upper abdominal wall through the same incision. Threshold testing demonstrated successful defibrillation at 15 J. After implantation, the patient had two episodes of appropriate shock for ventricular fibrillation. The ICD system continues to show stable impedance at 6 months of follow-up.

  4. Shock and patient preimplantation type D personality are associated with poor health status in patients with implantable cardioverter-defibrillator

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Susanne S.; Tekle, Fetene B; Hoogwegt, Madelein T

    2012-01-01

    Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) shock is a critical event to patients associated with well-being after implantation, although other factors may play an equally important role. We compared the association of shock and the patient's preimplantation personality with health status, using...

  5. Psychometric analysis of the Patient Health Questionnaire in Danish patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (The DEFIB-WOMEN study)

    OpenAIRE

    Pedersen, Susanne S; Mathiasen, Kim; Christensen, Karl Bang; Makransky, Guido

    2016-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To assess the psychometric properties of the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), a measure of depressive symptoms, in a large Danish national cohort of patients with heart disease, implanted with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD), using item response theory.METHODS: A prospective cohort of patients implanted with an ICD (n=1531; 80.4% men) completed the PHQ-9 at the time of implant. Data were analyzed using two item response theory models, the partial credit model a...

  6. Symptomatic heart failure is the most important clinical correlate of impaired quality of life, anxiety, and depression in implantable cardioverter-defibrillator patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johansen, Jens B; Pedersen, Susanne S.; Spindler, Helle

    2008-01-01

    To identify correlates of impaired quality of life (QOL), anxiety, and depression in patients with an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD).......To identify correlates of impaired quality of life (QOL), anxiety, and depression in patients with an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD)....

  7. The Medtronic Sprint Fidelis Lead Advisory Notification Has No Adverse Impact on Patient Reported Outcomes in Danish Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator Patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Susanne Møller; Versteeg, Henneke; Nielsen, Jens C.

    The Medtronic Sprint Fidelis Lead Advisory Notification Has No Adverse Impact on Patient Reported Outcomes in Danish Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator Patients.......The Medtronic Sprint Fidelis Lead Advisory Notification Has No Adverse Impact on Patient Reported Outcomes in Danish Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator Patients....

  8. The Medtronic Sprint Fidelis Lead Advisory Notification has no adverse impact on patient reported outcomes in Danish implantable cardioverter defibrillator patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Susanne Møller; Versteeg, Henneke; Nielsen, Jens C.

    The Medtronic Sprint Fidelis Lead Advisory Notification has no adverse impact on patient reported outcomes in Danish implantable cardioverter defibrillator patients.......The Medtronic Sprint Fidelis Lead Advisory Notification has no adverse impact on patient reported outcomes in Danish implantable cardioverter defibrillator patients....

  9. The Subcutaneous Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator: A Practical Review and Real-World Use and Application

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark E. Panna Jr, MD, FACC, FHRS

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The subcutaneous implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD is a novel technology using a subcutaneous (extrathoracic system for treatment of potential lethal ventricular arrhythmias. It avoids many of the risks of transvenous ICD implantation. It may be considered in patients having an ICD indication who do not have a pacing and/or cardiac resynchronization therapy indication, and who are unlikely to benefit from antitachycardia pacing therapy. We review patient selection, system components, the implantation technique, and screening considerations for subcutaneous ICD implantation. Its uses in specific patient populations, including children, patients with congenital heart disease, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, or end-stage renal disease, and patients with preexisting pacemakers, are highlighted. Areas of future investigation are reviewed, including potential use with leadless pacing and magnetic resonance imaging.

  10. Description of a nursing intervention program after an implantable cardioverter defibrillator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dougherty, Cynthia M; Pyper, Gail P; Frasz, Heather A

    2004-01-01

    Although implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) therapy has been found to be effective in preventing and treating life-threatening arrhythmias, adjusting to the ICD and resuming a normal lifestyle are often difficult. There are few intervention trials reported in the literature to aid in adjustment after receiving a primary ICD. This article describes the content and structure of a nursing intervention program designed to improve physical functioning and psychologic adjustment after ICD implantation. The nursing intervention program was based on social cognitive theory and the data from a previous investigation covering 7 areas of concern after ICD implantation. Hospital-based education programs begin the process of recovery after ICD implantation, but they must be supplemented with further interventions to return the patient to baseline physical and psychologic functioning. This is a beginning effort in deriving and testing evidence-based intervention programs for patients with an ICD.

  11. The Australian and New Zealand cardiac pacemaker and implantable cardioverter-defibrillator survey: calendar year 2013.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mond, Harry G; Crozier, Ian

    2015-03-01

    A pacemaker (PM) and implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) survey was undertaken in Australia and New Zealand for calendar year 2013. For 2013, PMs sold as new implants in Australia was 15,203 (12,523 in 2009) and implanted in New Zealand were 1,641 (1,277 in 2009). The number of new PM implants per million population 652 for Australia (565 were in 2009) and 367 for New Zealand (299 in 2009). Although PM replacements rose in New Zealand, there was a fall in Australia as a result of improved power source service life. Pulse generator types sold in Australia were predominantly dual chamber 74% (71% in 2009) and implanted in New Zealand 59% (54% in 2009). There were 661 biventricular PMs implanted in Australia (446 in 2009) and 83 in New Zealand (45 in 2009). Transvenous pacing leads were overwhelmingly bipolar with preferences for active fixation leads, although, since 2009, there has been a minor resurgence in Australia of passive fixation lead usage in the atrium from 20 to ∼24%. There was also a marked increase in the ICD implants with 3904 new implants in Australia (3555 in 2009) and 423 in New Zealand (329 in 2009). The new ICD implants per million population were 167 for Australia (160 in 2009) and 95 for New Zealand (77 in 2009). Biventricular ICD implants increased significantly in both Australia (2211) and New Zealand (118). Published by Elsevier B.V.

  12. Factors associated with anxiety and depression among patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Mei Fung Florence

    2017-05-01

    To identify factors associated with anxiety and depression of patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators. Implantable cardioverter defibrillator is effective to increase survival from life-threatening arrhythmias, but it lowers health-related quality of life. Anxiety and depression had significant negative association with health-related quality of life. However, knowledge about factors associated with these two negative emotions in this specific population is inadequate. A cross-sectional descriptive design was conducted. Secondary analysis was performed to address the aim. A convenience sampling of patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators was performed. Anxiety and depression were measured by the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale through face-to-face interview. Stepwise multivariable regression results showed that older age (aged 60-69 and ≥70: B = 2·08 and 3·31, p = 0·039 and defibrillator are identified. Older age (aged ≥60) and more self-care dependence have positive, but being married and having ischaemic heart disease have negative association with depression. Strategies to reduce psychological distress are highlighted. The study findings direct the care to improve health-related quality of life by reducing and controlling vulnerabilities arising from depression. Patients who are older people (≥aged 60) and more self-care dependent perceive higher depression. Nursing strategies are suggested to reduce depression especially for those who are older people and more self-care dependent. Early screening is essential to provide immediate care for reducing vulnerabilities arising from depression. Performing comprehensive assessment for self-care ability and providing adequate assistance are crucial. Family involvement may reduce depression through providing physical and psychosocial support. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  13. [Chronic transvenous pacemaker/implantable cardioverter defibrillator leads implantation induced pathological changes].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yanhui; Dykoski, Richard; Li, Jianming

    2015-05-01

    Widely pacemaker/implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) implantation is also related to an increasing need for transvenous lead extraction. Understanding the location and extent of pathological changes, including adhesions and fibrous tissue formation along the course of chronic pacemaker/ICD leads, are essential for operators performing lead extraction operations in order to reduce the potential life threatening complications. Three parts are included in the research, pathological examination on 83 extracted pacemaker/ICD leads using excimer laser technique from March 2008 to March 2011, autopsy examination of one died patient during lead extraction for lead-related infective endocarditis, and anatomical analysis on pacemaker/ICD leads from 10 patients died of other non-cardiac causes. Extensive encapsulated fibrous tissue around the leads and extensive adhesion/fibrosis along the course of the leads from venous entry site to the lead/myocardial interface could be detected on transvenous pacemaker/ICD leads. Since the tissue at the junction between superior vena cava (SVC) and right atrium (RA) is very thin, free of pericardium, thus, this is a common place for extensive adhesion/fibrosis and myocardial perforation/tear during lead extraction, which accounted for one death during extraction in our cohort. Extensive adhesion and fibrosis were also observed at the tricuspid valve and subvalvular structures. Leads implanted to the right ventricular apex were close to the epicardial surface and prone to perforation through myocardium. It is common to observe thrombus on the leads or at the interface between leads and myocardial tissue, especially at right atrial appendage (RAA) at the site of lead insertion. Extensive adhesions and fibrosis can be commonly seen along the course of pacemaker/ICD leads, and at SVC to RA junction, the tricuspid valve/subvalvular structures, and RA/RV lead interface. The tissue at SVC to RA junction is very thin, making it

  14. Is it safe to allow patients with implantable cardioverter-defibrillators to drive? Learnings from a single center experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curnis, Antonio; Mascioli, Giosue; Bontempi, Luca; Cerini, Manuel; Bignotti, Tommaso; Bonetti, Gabriele; Dei Cas, Livio

    2008-12-01

    Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) implant indications have widened in recent years after the publication of the Multicenter Automatic Defibrillator Implantation Trial 2 and the Sudden Cardiac Death in Heart Failure Trial. On the contrary, guidelines on resumption of driving after ICD implant were published almost 10 years ago when the ICD implant rate was much lower and candidates were generally older. The overall objective of our study was to evaluate whether patients implanted with ICDs have higher risk than the general driving population. The specific aim of the study was to verify the rate of car accidents in patients implanted with an ICD, both for primary and secondary indication, and compare this with the rate of accidents in the general population. The primary end point of the study was the annual car accident rate; the secondary end point was to determine if there were subgroups of patients with a higher risk of car accidents. All patients (612) followed up in our outpatient clinic were sent a questionnaire in which they were asked five questions regarding their driving habits before and after ICD implant and, specifically, whether they had been involved in a car accident after the implant. Two hundred eighty-six patients (47%) responded to the questionnaire. Seventy-one patients had never driven; two patients were forbidden to drive for professional reasons (one bus and one truck driver). Two hundred thirteen (74.5% of all responding) patients (201 men, mean age 62 +/- 11 years) continued to drive after ICD implant. During the follow-up (1430 +/- 920 days) 11 patients had been involved in car accidents and, importantly 10 out of 11 were innocent bystanders. Thus, in 996 patient-years, 11 events happened, yielding an annual event rate of 1.1% per patient-years (and only 0.1% in which the driver could had been responsible). Car accidents are infrequent in patients implanted with an ICD, and - in any case - not more frequent than in the general

  15. Effects of an alert system on implantable cardioverter defibrillator-related anxiety

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Duru, Firat; Dorian, Paul; Favale, Stefano

    2010-01-01

    Implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD) can prevent sudden cardiac death by delivering high-energy shocks in patients at risk of life-threatening ventricular tachyarrhythmias. Patients may be anxious about receiving inappropriate shocks in case of device or lead system malfunction, or about...... failing to receive needed therapy for the same reason. New devices include programmable vibrating patient notifiers (PN), which, by warning patients of a possible device dysfunction, might lower device-related anxiety. PAtient NOtifier feature for Reduction of Anxiety: a Multicentre ICD study (PANORAMIC...

  16. Should Single-Coil Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator Leads Be Used in all Patients?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Almehmadi, Fahad; Manlucu, Jaimie

    2018-03-01

    The historical preference for dual-coil implantable cardioverter defibrillator leads stems from high defibrillation thresholds associated with old device platforms. The high safety margins generated by contemporary devices have rendered the modest difference in defibrillation efficacy between single- and dual-coil leads clinically insignificant. Cohort data demonstrating worse lead extraction outcomes and higher all-cause mortality have brought the incremental utility of an superior vena cava coil into question. This article summarizes the current literature and re-evaluates the utility of dual-coil leads in the context of modern device technology. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Shock as a determinant of poor patient-centered outcomes in implantable cardioverter defibrillator patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Susanne S.; Van Den Broek, Krista C; Van Den Berg, Martha

    2010-01-01

    The medical benefits of the implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) are well established, but ICD shocks are known to influence patient-centered outcomes. In this viewpoint, we examine the strength of the evidence as found in primary and secondary prevention trials that used quality of life...... as an outcome, and compare the influence of ICD shock with other factors (e.g., heart failure and psychological factors) as determinants of outcomes, with a view to providing recommendations for clinical practice and future research. Based on the large-scale primary and secondary prevention trials (i.e., CABG...

  18. [Clinical development of the automatic implantable defibrillator over 35 years: A success story].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steinbeck, G

    2015-06-01

    After 12 years of development and experimental evaluation, the first automatic implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) was implanted in man on February 4, 1980. This overview describes the technical and functional developments over 35 years from a simple shock-box, weighing 292 g, to the sophisticated 80 g device of today, delivering graded therapy to sustained ventricular arrhythmias and biventricular stimulation to treat heart failure. Finally, a special tribute is given to Michel Mirowski, one of the inventors of the ICD, as scientist and physician dedicated to patient care.

  19. Psychometric properties of HeartQoL, a core heart disease-specific health-related quality of life questionnaire, in Danish implantable cardioverter defibrillator recipients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zangger, Graziella; Zwisler, Ann-Dorthe; Kikkenborg Berg, Selina

    2018-01-01

    disease-specific health-related quality of life questionnaire, in implantable cardioverter defibrillator recipients. Design This study involved cross-sectional and test-retest study designs. Method Implantable cardioverter defibrillator recipients in the cross-sectional study completed the Heart...... cardioverter defibrillator recipients. Results Mokken scale analysis supported the bi-dimensional structure of HeartQoL among 358 implantable cardioverter defibrillator recipients. Convergent ( r > 0.72) and discriminative validity were confirmed. The HeartQoL scales demonstrated satisfactory internal...... consistency (Cronbach's alpha > 0.90). Test-retest reliability (two weeks interval) was assessed in 89 implantable cardioverter defibrillator recipients and found to be acceptable for each scale (intra-class correlation > 0.90). Conclusion The Danish HeartQoL questionnaire demonstrated satisfactory key...

  20. Tricuspid Valve Dysfunction Following Pacemaker or Cardioverter-Defibrillator Implantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, James D; Manning, Warren J; Ebrille, Elisa; Zimetbaum, Peter J

    2017-05-09

    The potential for cardiac implantable electronic device leads to interfere with tricuspid valve (TV) function has gained increasing recognition as having hemodynamic and clinical consequences associated with incremental morbidity and death. The diagnosis and treatment of lead-related (as distinct from functional) tricuspid regurgitation pose unique challenges. Because of pitfalls in routine diagnostic imaging, a high level of clinical suspicion must be maintained to avoid overlooking the possibility that worsening heart failure is a consequence of mechanical interference with TV leaflet mobility or coaptation and is amenable to lead extraction or valve repair or replacement. The future of cardiac implantable electronic devices includes pacing and perhaps defibrillation without a lead traversing the TV. Copyright © 2017 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. Complications Associated With Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators in Adults With Congenital Heart Disease or Left Ventricular Noncompaction Cardiomyopathy (From the NCDR®Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator Registry).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gleva, Marye J; Wang, Yongfei; Curtis, Jeptha P; Berul, Charles I; Huddleston, Charles B; Poole, Jeanne E

    2017-11-15

    Patients with childhood heart disease are living longer and entering adulthood, and may undergo implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) implantation to reduce the risk of sudden death. We evaluated the characteristics of adult patients with congenital heart disease or left ventricular noncompaction cardiomyopathy (LVNC) in the National Cardiovascular Disease Registry ICD Registry and determined ICD-related in-hospital complications. Patients with LVNC or transposition of the great arteries, tetralogy of Fallot, Ebstein's anomaly, atrial septal defect, ventricular septal defect, or common ventricle were identified in the registry. In-hospital complications were compared among different diagnoses using the chi-square test for categorical variables and the F-test in analyses of variance for continuous variables. A total of 3,077 patients were identified. The mean age was 48.0 ± 16.0 years, and 39.9% were female. Single-chamber ICDs were implanted in 25.2%, dual chamber in 41.9%, and cardiac resynchronization in 30.8%. Intraprocedural or postprocedural complications occurred in 70 patients (2.3%); there were 6 in-hospital deaths (0.2%). The most frequent complications were acute lead dislodgments, pneumothorax, and hematomas. Patients with Ebstein's anomaly had the greatest complication rate (8.3%, p = 0.03). The complication rate was 1.55% in single-chamber devices, 1.86% in dual chamber, and 3.5% in cardiac resynchronization (p < 0.001). For initial implants, the complication rate was 2.55%, 1.62% in generator replacements, and 8.77% in lead revisions (p = 0.001). In conclusion, in this large contemporary adult cohort of congenital heart disease and LVNC patients who underwent ICD implant procedures, periprocedural complication rates were low. Lead-related risks predominated. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. [Full dental rehabilitation of a patient with implantable cardioverter defibrillator].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Imre, Ildikó; Tóth, Zsuzsanna

    2012-06-01

    During dental rehabilitation of a patient with ICD, an upper telescope retained overdenture with acrylic baseplate and lower cantilever bridges were constructed. In the consultation following the anamnesis and the clinical examination, the cardiologist did not believe antibiotic profilaxis to be necessary, adding that it is advisable to avoid the use of ultrasonic depurator and electrocauter. Nowadays after saving the life the improving of patient's better quality of life is an important aspect. The risk of ICD-implantation is minimal however, not negligible, the patient can pursue a way of life free of limitation. According to the latest trends, the number of ICD-implantations will increase exponentially in the near future, due to the aging of the population, the simplification and safeness of implantation and the increase of patients who can be treated with the device. In case of arritmia or putative dysfunction, the latest ICD-s are able to send emergency alert to the arritmia centre with the help of an outer transmitter. Probably the system will completely change the follow-up of patients with ICD within the next few years, clinical researches of its efficiency are going on at present.

  3. Temporal Influence of Heart Failure Hospitalizations Prior to Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator or Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy With Defibrillator on Subsequent Outcome in Mild Heart Failure Patients (from MADIT-CRT)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lee, Andy Y; Moss, Arthur J; Ruwald, Martin H

    2015-01-01

    and effects on subsequent outcomes and benefit from cardiac resynchronization therapy with a defibrillator (CRT-D). Multivariate Cox models were used to determine the temporal influence of previous HF hospitalization on the end point of HF or death within all left bundle branch block implantable cardioverter-defibrillator...... (ICD) and CRT-D patients enrolled in the Multicenter Automatic Defibrillator Implantation Trial-Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy (MADIT-CRT) trial (n = 1,250) and to evaluate the clinical benefit of CRT-D implantation, comparing CRT-D patients with ICD patients within each previous HF hospitalization...

  4. Higher defibrillation threshold in methamphetamine cardiomyopathy patients with implantable cardioverter-defibrillator

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rakesh Malhotra

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Identification of patients with an increased risk of high defibrillation thresholds (DFTs is important in planning implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD procedures. Clinical observations have suggested that patients with methamphetamine cardiomyopathy (MACMP have significantly elevated defibrillation thresholds. We hypothesized that MACMP patients would have higher DFT thresholds than controls and would require procedural changes during ICD implantation to accommodate higher thresholds. Methods: We identified consecutive patients with MACMP undergoing ICD implantation at the academic center from 2003 to 2007. We then compared DFTs against age-and sex-matched controls. Results: The MACMP (n = 10 group showed significantly increased DFT thresholds (23.7 ± 6.7 J compared with age and sex-matched controls (14.5 ± 4.6 J, p < 0.005. Additionally, patients with MACMP had evidence of more severe congestive heart failure, with increased B-type natrieutic protein (BNP levels (1173 ± 784 vs 260 ± 349, p = 0.02 and decreased left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF (17.8 ± 9.4 vs 35.9 ± 15.2, p = 0.02. MACMP patients required high output devices than controls (50% versus 0%, p = 0.03. Differences between groups remained significant despite adjusting for LVEF. Conclusions: Planning for ICD implantation should take into consideration a history of methamphetamine abuse, mandating DFT testing and empiric consideration of high output devices for such patients. Keywords: Methamphetamine cardiomyopathy, Implantable cardioverter-defibrillatior, Defibrillation threshold testing, B-type natriuretic peptide, Ejection fraction

  5. Gender disparities in psychological distress and quality of life among patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brouwers, Corline; van den Broek, Krista C; Denollet, Johan

    2011-01-01

    A subset of patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) reports psychological distress and poor quality of life (QoL). Gender is one of the factors that has been proposed to explain individual differences in these outcomes. In this viewpoint, we (1) review the evidence for gende...... to establish the exact gender-specific effect. Due to a need to explore the complexity of this issue further, at this time, caution is warranted with respect to the clinical implications.......A subset of patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) reports psychological distress and poor quality of life (QoL). Gender is one of the factors that has been proposed to explain individual differences in these outcomes. In this viewpoint, we (1) review the evidence for gender...... disparities in psychological distress and QoL in ICD patients by means of a systematic review, and (2) provide recommendations for future research and clinical implications. A systematic search of the literature identified 18 studies with a sample size ≥ 100 that examined gender disparities in anxiety...

  6. Phantom shocks in patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillator

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berg, Selina Kikkenborg; Moons, Philip; Zwisler, Ann-Dorthe

    2013-01-01

    of phantom shocks.METHODS AND RESULTS: The design was secondary explorative analyses of data from a randomized controlled trial. One hundred and ninety-six patients with first-time ICD implantation (79% male, mean age 58 years) were randomized (1 : 1) to either combined rehabilitation or a control group...... receiving 'treatment as usual'. A total of 144 participants completed the 12-month follow-up. Intervention consisted of 12 weeks of exercise training and 1 year of psycho-educational follow-up focusing on modifiable factors associated with poor outcomes, e.g. phantom shocks. Outcome measures were ancillary...... questions regarding the experience of phantom shocks, date, time, and place. Twelve patients (9.4%) experienced a phantom shock, 7 in the intervention group and 5 in the control group (NS). Neither age, sex, quality of life nor perceived health at baseline was significantly related to the probability...

  7. Web-Based Distress Management for Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator Patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Habibović, Mirela; Denollet, Johan; Cuijpers, Pim

    2017-01-01

    distress post-ICD implantation. The WEB-based distress management program for ICD patients (WEBCARE) was developed to mitigate anxiety and depression and enhance health-related quality of life in ICD patients. This study investigates the 6- and 12-months outcomes. METHOD: A total of 289 consecutive ICD...... patients from 6 referral hospitals in the Netherlands were randomized to either the WEBCARE (n = 146) or usual care (n = 143) group. Patients in the WEBCARE group received an online, 12-weeks fixed, 6 lesson behavioral treatment based on problem solving therapy. Patients in the usual care group receive...... care as usual. RESULTS: Current findings show no significant difference on anxiety, depression or quality of life between the WEBCARE and Usual Care group at 6- and 12-months postimplantation. CONCLUSIONS: In this clinical trial of a Web-based behavioral intervention for ICD patients, the Web...

  8. Emotions and health: findings from a randomized clinical trial on psychoeducational nursing to patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kikkenborg Berg, Selina; Støier, Louise; Moons, Philip; Zwisler, Ann-Dorthe; Winkel, Per; Ulrich Pedersen, Preben

    2015-01-01

    Serious illness will inevitably lead to a fundamental emotional reaction. Traditionally, in interventional treatment or rehabilitation trials, the psychological status of patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators has been evaluated with anxiety and depression as outcome measures. In caring for these patients, the aim of nursing is to help patients manage life with complex heart disease. The early detection and management of negative emotional response might prevent the development of pathological conditions such as depression. The aims of this study were to (a) describe the trajectory of primary emotions over time in patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators and (b) examine the potential effects of psychoeducational nursing on primary emotions. During the inclusion period (October 2007 to November 2009), 196 patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillator were randomized (1:1) to rehabilitation versus usual care. Rehabilitation consisted of a psychoeducational nursing component and an exercise training component. This article concerns phase 1, psychoeducational nursing, guided by a theory of nursing, Rosemary Rizzo Parses Human Becoming Practice Methodologies. The outcome measure is the Emotions and Health Scale. The scale consists of 8 primary emotions: joy, agreeableness, surprise, fear, sadness, disgust, anger, and anticipation. Mean (SD) age was 58 (13) years, and 79% of the participants were men. Significant improvements were found in primary emotional responses over time (P emotional intensity was found between the groups after 3 months of psychoeducational nursing intervention (P > .05). Primary emotions are affected after implantable cardioverter defibrillator implantation. Improvements over time were found. However, it was not possible to detect any effect of a short-term psychoeducational nursing intervention. Evaluating the primary emotions might be a good way for nurses to monitor patients' psychological outcomes because the

  9. E-Health to Manage Distress in Patients With an Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Habibović, Mirela; Denollet, Johan; Cuijpers, Pim

    2014-01-01

    for anxiety (β = 0.35; p = .32), depression (β = -0.01; p = .98) or health-related quality of life (Mental Component Scale: β = 0.19; p = .86; Physical Component Scale: β = 0.58; p = .60) at 3 months, with effect sizes (Cohen d) being small (range, 0.06-0.13). There were also no significant group differences......UNLABELLED: The Web-based distress management program for patients with an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD; WEBCARE) was developed to mitigate distress and enhance health-related quality of life in ICD patients. This study investigated the treatment effectiveness at 3-month follow......-up for generic and disease-specific outcome measures. METHODS: Consecutive patients implanted with a first-time ICD from six hospitals in the Netherlands were randomized to either the "WEBCARE" or the "usual care" group. Patients in the WEBCARE group received a 12-week fixed, six-lesson behavioral treatment...

  10. The impact of co-morbidity burden on appropriate implantable cardioverter defibrillator therapy and all-cause mortality

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ruwald, Anne Christine; Vinther, Michael; Gislason, Gunnar H

    2017-01-01

    Aims: In a nationwide cohort of primary (PP-ICD) and secondary prevention (SP-ICD) implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) patients, we aimed to investigate the association between co-morbidity burden and risk of appropriate ICD therapy and mortality. Methods and results: We identified all...

  11. Psychological Functioning and Disease-Related Quality of Life in Pediatric Patients With an Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koopman, H. M.; Vrijmoet-Wiersma, C. M. J.; Langius, J. N. D.; van den Heuvel, F.; Clur, S. A.; Blank, C. A.; Blom, N. A.; ten Harkel, A. D. J.

    2012-01-01

    The objective of this multicenter study was to evaluate psychological functioning and disease-related quality of life (DRQoL) in pediatric patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) in The Netherlands. Thirty patients were investigated; the mean age was 16.3 years, and the mean

  12. Psychological Functioning and Disease-Related Quality of Life in Pediatric Patients With an Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koopman, H. M.; Vrijmoet-Wiersma, C. M. J.; Langius, J. N. D.; van den Heuvel, F.; Clur, S. A.; Blank, C. A.; Blom, N. A.; ten Harkel, A. D. J.

    The objective of this multicenter study was to evaluate psychological functioning and disease-related quality of life (DRQoL) in pediatric patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) in The Netherlands. Thirty patients were investigated; the mean age was 16.3 years, and the mean

  13. Patient-reported outcomes in Danish implantable cardioverter defibrillator patients with a Sprint Fidelis lead advisory notification

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Susanne S; Versteeg, Henneke; Nielsen, Jens Cosedis

    2011-01-01

    Few studies have investigated the association between implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) and lead advisory notifications and patient-reported outcomes (PROs). We examined (i) whether the mode used to inform patients about a device advisory is associated with PROs, and (ii) whether...... patients with a lead subject to a device advisory report poorer PROs than non-advisory controls....

  14. Morphology discrimination in implantable cardioverter-defibrillators: Consistency of template match percentage during atrial tachyarrhythmias at different heart rates

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    D.A.M.J. Theuns (Dominic); M. Rivero-Ayerza (Maximo); D. Goedhart (Dick); M. Miltenburg (Max); L.J.L.M. Jordaens (Luc)

    2008-01-01

    textabstractBackground: Morphology discrimination (MD) in implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) is based on the comparison of the ventricular electrogram during tachycardia with a stored reference template obtained during baseline rhythm. However, the effect of heart rate on the template

  15. Symptomatic but not asymptomatic non-sustained ventricular tachycardia is associated with appropriate implantable cardioverter therapy in tetralogy of Fallot

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koyak, Zeliha; de Groot, Joris R.; Bouma, Berto J.; Van Gelder, Isabelle C.; Budts, Werner; Zwinderman, Aeilko H.; Mulder, Barbara J. M.

    2013-01-01

    Background: A recently developed risk score model aims to predict appropriate implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) therapy for primary prevention of sudden cardiac death in tetralogy of Fallot (TOF). We assessed the validity of the proposed risk score model. Methods: Patients included in a

  16. General anaesthesia for insertion of an automated implantable cardioverter defibrillator in a child with Brugada and autism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shwetal Goraksha

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available A 14-year-old autistic boy presented with acute gastroenteritis and hypotension. The electrocardiogram showed a ventricular fibrillation rhythm - he went into cardiorespiratory arrest and was immediately resuscitated. On investigation, the electrocardiogram showed a partial right bundle branch block with a "coved" pattern of ST elevation in leads v 1 -v 3 . A provisional diagnosis of Brugada syndrome was made, for which an automated implantable cardioverter defibrillator (AICD implantation was advised. Although the automated implantable cardioverter defibrillator implantation is usually performed under sedation, because this was an autistic child, he needed general anaesthesia. We performed the procedure uneventfully under general anaesthesia and he was discharged after a short hospital stay.

  17. Device orientation of a leadless pacemaker and subcutaneous implantable cardioverter-defibrillator in canine and human subjects and the effect on intrabody communication

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Quast, Anne-Floor B. E.; Tjong, Fleur V. Y.; Koop, Brendan E.; Wilde, Arthur A. M.; Knops, Reinoud E.; Burke, Martin C.

    2018-01-01

    The development of communicating modular cardiac rhythm management systems relies on effective intrabody communication between a subcutaneous implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (S-ICD) and a leadless pacemaker (LP), using conducted communication. Communication success is affected by the LP and

  18. Psychometric properties of HeartQoL, a core heart disease-specific health-related quality of life questionnaire, in Danish implantable cardioverter defibrillator recipients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zangger, Graziella; Zwisler, Ann-Dorthe; Kikkenborg Berg, Selina

    2017-01-01

    QoL, the Short-Form 36 Health Survey, and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. The HeartQoL structure, construct-related validity (convergent and discriminative) and reliability (internal consistency) were assessed. HeartQoL reproducibility (test-retest) was assessed in an independent sample of implantable...... disease-specific health-related quality of life questionnaire, in implantable cardioverter defibrillator recipients. Design This study involved cross-sectional and test-retest study designs. Method Implantable cardioverter defibrillator recipients in the cross-sectional study completed the Heart...... cardioverter defibrillator recipients. Results Mokken scale analysis supported the bi-dimensional structure of HeartQoL among 358 implantable cardioverter defibrillator recipients. Convergent ( r > 0.72) and discriminative validity were confirmed. The HeartQoL scales demonstrated satisfactory internal...

  19. Relation between total shock energy and mortality in patients with implantable cardioverter-defibrillator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tenma, Taro; Yokoshiki, Hisashi; Mitsuyama, Hirofumi; Watanabe, Masaya; Mizukami, Kazuya; Kamada, Rui; Takahashi, Masayuki; Sasaki, Ryo; Maeno, Motoki; Okamoto, Kaori; Chiba, Yuki; Anzai, Toshihisa

    2018-05-15

    Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator (ICD) shocks have been associated with mortality. However, no study has examined the relation between total shock energy and mortality. The aim of this study is to assess the association of total shock energy with mortality, and to determine the patients who are at risk of this association. Data from 316 consecutive patients who underwent initial ICD implantation in our hospital between 2000 and 2011 were retrospectively studied. We collected shock energy for 3 years from the ICD implantation, and determined the relation of shock energy on mortality after adjusting confounding factors. Eighty-seven ICD recipients experienced shock(s) within 3 years from ICD implantation and 43 patients had died during the follow-up. The amount of shock energy was significantly associated with all-cause death [adjusted hazard ratio (HR) 1.26 (per 100 joule increase), p energy accumulation (≥182 joule) was lower (p energy accumulation (energy accumulation and all-cause death was remarkable in the patients with low left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF ≤40%) or atrial fibrillation (AF). Increase of shock energy was related to mortality in ICD recipients. This relation was evident in patients with low LVEF or AF. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  20. Resource loss predicts depression and anxiety among patients treated with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luyster, Faith S; Hughes, Joel W; Waechter, Donna; Josephson, Richard

    2006-01-01

    Many patients treated with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) experience clinically significant depression and anxiety after ICD implantation. As ICD use continues to evolve, it is important to understand the correlates of depression and anxiety to identify patients at greatest risk of poor psychological functioning. Conservation of resources theory, a general theory of stress, states that people experience greater stress if they perceive that they are losing personal, social, and material resources. We hypothesized that perceptions of resource loss would be related to symptoms of depression and anxiety after controlling for other known predictors. One hundred patients treated with an ICD completed standardized depression and anxiety questionnaires along with questionnaires assessing social support, physical functioning, and resource loss. Clinical variables for patients were obtained from prospectively obtained medical records. Over 20% of the sample exhibited elevated symptoms of depression and anxiety. Patients' depression levels were associated with poor social support, poor physical functioning, a history of depression, and a greater length of time since ICD implantation. Having experienced one or more clinical ICD shocks was related to depression but not anxiety. Higher levels of perceived resource loss were associated with higher levels of both depression and anxiety after controlling for all other predictors. Resource loss may help to determine psychological distress after ICD implantation. Understanding how resource loss contributes to depression and anxiety may help to identify patients at greatest risk of poor psychological functioning and may suggest treatment strategies.

  1. The Italian subcutaneous implantable cardioverter-defibrillator survey: S-ICD, why not?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Botto, Giovanni Luca; Forleo, Giovanni B; Capucci, Alessandro; Solimene, Francesco; Vado, Antonello; Bertero, Giovanni; Palmisano, Pietro; Pisanò, Ennio; Rapacciuolo, Antonio; Infusino, Tommaso; Vicentini, Alessandro; Viscusi, Miguel; Ferrari, Paola; Talarico, Antonello; Russo, Giovanni; Boriani, Giuseppe; Padeletti, Luigi; Lovecchio, Mariolina; Valsecchi, Sergio; D'Onofrio, Antonio

    2017-11-01

    A recommendation for a subcutaneous-implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (S-ICD) has been added to recent European Society of Cardiology Guidelines. However, the S-ICD is not ideally suitable for patients who need pacing. The aim of this survey was to analyse the current practice of ICD implantation and to evaluate the actual suitability of S-ICD. The survey 'S-ICD Why Not?' was an independent initiative taken by the Italian Heart Rhythm Society (AIAC). Clinical characteristics, selection criteria, and factors guiding the choice of ICD type were collected in consecutive patients who underwent ICD implantation in 33 Italian centres from September to December 2015. A cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) device was implanted in 39% (369 of 947) of patients undergoing de novo ICD implantation. An S-ICD was implanted in 12% of patients with no CRT indication (62 of 510 with available data). S-ICD patients were younger than patients who received transvenous ICD, more often had channelopathies, and more frequently received their device for secondary prevention of sudden death. More frequently, the clinical reason for preferring a transvenous ICD over an S-ICD was the need for pacing (45%) or for antitachycardia pacing (36%). Nonetheless, only 7% of patients fulfilled conditions for recommending permanent pacing, and 4% of patients had a history of monomorphic ventricular tachycardia that might have been treatable with antitachycardia pacing. The vast majority of patients needing ICD therapy are suitable candidates for S-ICD implantation. Nevertheless, it currently seems to be preferentially adopted for secondary prevention of sudden death in young patients with channelopathies.

  2. Implantable cardioverter defibrillator and survival after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest due to acute myocardial infarction in Denmark in the years 2001-2012, a nationwide study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winther-Jensen, Matilde; Kjaergaard, Jesper; Lassen, Jens F; Køber, Lars; Torp-Pedersen, Christian; Hansen, Steen M; Lippert, Freddy; Kragholm, Kristian; Christensen, Erika F; Hassager, Christian

    2017-03-01

    The purpose of this study was to describe the implantation of implantable cardioverter defibrillator after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest caused by myocardial infarction in Denmark 2001-2012 and subsequent survival. The Danish Cardiac Arrest Registry was used to identify patients ⩾18 years surviving to discharge without prior implantable cardioverter defibrillator. Information on cardioverter defibrillator implantation was obtained from the National Patient Registry. We identified 974 myocardial infarction-out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients surviving to hospital discharge, 130 of these patients (13%) had a cardioverter defibrillator implanted early (⩽40 days post-out-of-hospital cardiac arrest), 58 patients (6%) had late implantable cardioverter defibrillator (41-365 days post-out-of-hospital cardiac arrest). Odds of implantable cardioverter defibrillator implantation within one year were higher in patients receiving cardiopulmonary resuscitation (odds ratio (OR) CPR : 1.99, confidence interval (CI): 1.23-3.22, p=0.01), and Charlson Comorbidity Index level 1, (OR CCI1 : 2.10, CI:1.25-3.49, pdefibrillator was higher in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) (OR PCI : 3.67, CI: 1.35-9.97, p=0. 01). An early, but not late implantable cardioverter defibrillator was associated with increased survival (event time ratio Early ICD : 1.45, CI: 1.11-1.90, p=0.01). Chronic heart failure, higher age groups, Charlson Comorbidity Index levels 1 to ⩾3 and male sex were associated with lower survival. Highest income was associated with higher survival. Cardioverter defibrillator implantation rates in patients surviving an myocardial infarction-out-of-hospital cardiac arrest increased from 14% to 19% over the period. Of the total patient population, 13% had implantation earlier than recommended by guidelines, presumably as primary prevention of sudden cardiac death. Acute PCI and arrest later in the study period (increase one year) were predictors

  3. Relation between emotional distress and heart rate variability in patients with an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hoogwegt, Madelein T; Pedersen, Susanne S.; Theuns, Dominic A M J

    2014-01-01

    We investigated the relationship between Type D personality, depression, and anxiety, and heart rate variability (HRV) in 64 patients with an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD). HRV was obtained via 24-h Holter monitoring, and 24-h, 30-min daytime rest and 30-min nighttime sleep HRV were...... analyzed. In adjusted analyses, significant associations (standard deviation of normal-to-normal [NN] intervals [SDNN]: p = .043; standard deviation of NN intervals over 5-min periods [SDANN]: p = .010) and a trend (HRV triangular index: p = .09) were found for Type D personality, and trends were found...... = .043). A Benjamini-Hochberg correction for multiple testing led to reduction of the number of significant relationships, but there was still support for lower autonomic control patients with Type D personality and depression. Future research with larger sample sizes is warranted....

  4. Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator failure unmasked by a “lucky” shock

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lim K. Eng

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available A young woman with placement of a dual-chamber implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD and a history of prior cardiac arrest due to congenital long QT syndrome presented with defibrillation caused by a ventricular fibrillation arrest. Routine device interrogation revealed significant lead dysfunction. During device revision, breaches were detected in the insulation of both leads within the pre-pectoral pocket and an “arc mark” was observed on the ICD generator casing; these findings were consistent with a high-voltage discharge through a short circuit between the denuded right ventricular lead and the casing. In this case, system failure was unmasked only by interrogation after appropriate device activation, which highlights the importance of thorough evaluation after all ICD activations.

  5. Failure to Treat Life-Threatening Ventricular Tachyarrhythmias in Contemporary Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillators

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thøgersen, Anna Margrethe; Larsen, Jacob Moesgaard; Johansen, Jens Brock

    2017-01-01

    , including strict VF episode termination rules, enhancements to minimize T-wave oversensing, and features that restrict therapy to regular rhythms in ventricular tachycardia zones. Untreated VF despite recommended programming accounted for 56% of sudden deaths and 11% of all deaths during the study period......BACKGROUND: In clinical trials, manufacturer-specific, strategic programming of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs), including faster detection rates, reduces unnecessary therapy but permits therapy for ventricular tachycardia/ventricular fibrillation (VF). Present consensus recommends...... a generic rate threshold between 185 and 200 beats per minute, which exceeds the rate tested in clinical trials for some manufacturers. In a case series, we sought to determine the relationship between programmed parameters and failure of modern ICDs to treat VF. METHODS AND RESULTS: We reviewed cases...

  6. Uncertainty is a major concern for patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flemme, Inger; Hallberg, Ulrika; Johansson, Ingela; Strömberg, Anna

    2011-01-01

    The study objective was to explore the main concern of individuals living with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) and how they handle this in daily life. For improved management and follow-up, it is important to understand how the ICD affects the recipient's daily life. A grounded theory method was used. Sixteen Swedish recipients (9 men) living with an ICD for 6 to 24 months were interviewed. The core category labeled, "Incorporating uncertainty in daily life," illuminates the main concern. To handle uncertainty, recipients used the following strategies: restricting activities, distracting oneself, accepting being an ICD recipient, and reevaluating life. Recipients were not paralyzed by uncertainty. Instead, they incorporated uncertainty in life by using strategies to handle their daily life. Questions, comments, and plans for supportive communication were provided, which can be used by healthcare professionals in cardiac rehabilitation. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Type D personality is associated with increased anxiety and depressive symptoms in patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator and their partners

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Susanne S.; van Domburg, Ron T; Theuns, Dominic A M J

    2014-01-01

    We investigated the prevalence of anxiety and depressive symptoms in patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) and their partners, and the role of personality factors and social support as determinants of distress.......We investigated the prevalence of anxiety and depressive symptoms in patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) and their partners, and the role of personality factors and social support as determinants of distress....

  8. Magnetic resonance imaging at 1.5-T in patients with implantable cardioverter-defibrillators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naehle, Claas P; Strach, Katharina; Thomas, Daniel; Meyer, Carsten; Linhart, Markus; Bitaraf, Sascha; Litt, Harold; Schwab, Jörg Otto; Schild, Hans; Sommer, Torsten

    2009-08-04

    Our aim was to establish and evaluate a strategy for safe performance of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at 1.5-T in patients with implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs). Expanding indications for ICD placement and MRI becoming the imaging modality of choice for many indications has created a growing demand for MRI in ICD patients, which is still considered an absolute contraindication. Non-pacemaker-dependent ICD patients with a clinical need for MRI were included in the study. To minimize radiofrequency-related lead heating, the specific absorption rate was limited to 2 W/kg. ICDs were reprogrammed pre-MRI to avoid competitive pacing and potential pro-arrhythmia: 1) the lower rate limit was programmed as low as reasonably achievable; and 2) arrhythmia detection was programmed on, but therapy delivery was programmed off. Patients were monitored using electrocardiography and pulse oximetry. All ICDs were interrogated before and after the MRI examination and after 3 months, including measurement of pacing capture threshold, lead impedance, battery voltage, and serum troponin I. Eighteen ICD patients underwent a total of 18 MRI examinations at 1.5-T; all examinations were completed safely. All ICDs could be interrogated and reprogrammed normally post-MRI. No significant changes of pacing capture threshold, lead impedance, and serum troponin I were observed. Battery voltage decreased significantly from pre- to post-MRI. In 2 MRI examinations, oversensing of radiofrequency noise as ventricular fibrillation occurred. However, no attempt at therapy delivery was made. MRI of non-pacemaker-dependent ICD patients can be performed with an acceptable risk/benefit ratio under controlled conditions by taking both MRI- and pacemaker-related precautions. (Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators and Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Heart at 1.5-Tesla; NCT00356239).

  9. Impact of new X-ray technology on patient dose in pacemaker and implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) implantations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Dijk, Joris D; Ottervanger, Jan Paul; Delnoy, Peter Paul H M; Lagerweij, Martine C M; Knollema, Siert; Slump, Cornelis H; Jager, Pieter L

    2017-01-01

    New X-ray technology providing new image processing techniques may reduce radiation exposure. The aim of this study was to quantify this radiation exposure reduction for patients during pacemaker and implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) implantation. In this retrospective study, 1185 consecutive patients who had undergone de novo pacemaker or ICD implantation during a 2-year period were included. All implantations in the first year were performed using the reference technology (Allura Xper), whereas in the second year, the new X-ray technology (AlluraClarity) was used. Radiation exposure, expressed as the dose area product (DAP), was compared between the two time periods to determine the radiation exposure reduction for pacemaker and ICD implantations without cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) and with CRT. Procedure duration and contrast volume were used as measures to compare complexity and image quality. The study population consisted of 591 patients who had undergone an implantation using the reference technology, and 594 patients with the new X-ray technology. The two groups did not differ in age, gender, or body mass index. The DAP decreased with 69 % from 16.4 ± 18.5 to 5.2 ± 6.6 Gy cm 2 for the non-CRT implantations (p technology (p = 0.09 and p = 0.20, respectively). Introduction of new X-ray technology resulted in a radiation exposure reduction of more than 69 % for patients during pacemaker and ICD implantation while image quality was unaffected.

  10. Management of radiation oncology patients with implanted cardiac pacemakers or implant able cardioverter defibrilators; Tratamiento de pacientes en radioterapia con marcapasos o desfibriladores automaticos implantables

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martin Martin, G.

    2012-07-01

    The increase in life expectancy along with the technological development in the last decades has resulted in an increase in the number of patients requiring pacemaker implants or implantable cardioverter defibrillators worldwide. An increase in the number of patients with implanted cardiac devices in radiotherapy is also expected due to the risk factors in common between heart disease and cancer. In 1994 the American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM) released a report about the management of radiation oncology patients with implanted cardiac pacemakers. The addition of new technologies, both in radiotherapy units and in the manufacturing process of heart devices, has shown the need for an updated protocol for the management of these patients. In this work, the most important articles published after the report of the AAPM have been compiled, in order to analyze the effects not previously studied such as dose rate, scattered radiation, electromagnetic interference or random failures produced by neutrons and protons. Additionally, the latest recommendations given by the manufacturers have been analyzed and, finally, some indications are given as an updated guide for the management of radiation oncology patients with pacemakers or cardioverter defibrillators implanted. (Author)

  11. Moderate exercise training improves functional capacity, quality of life, and endothelium-dependent vasodilation in chronic heart failure patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators and cardiac resynchronization therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belardinelli, Romualdo; Capestro, Francesco; Misiani, Agostino; Scipione, Pietro; Georgiou, Demetrios

    2006-10-01

    The objective of this study was to determine the effects of a moderate exercise training program on functional capacity, quality of life, and hospital readmission rate in chronic heart failure patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators and cardiac resynchronization therapy. We studied 52 men (mean age 55+/-10 years, ejection fraction 31+/-7%) in chronic heart failure II (n=29) and III (n=23) NYHA functional class with ischemic cardiomyopathy who received implantable cardioverter defibrillators with or without cardiac resynchronization therapy. Patients were randomized into two groups. Group T (n=30 patients, 15 implantable cardioverter defibrillator, 15 implantable cardioverter defibrillator+cardiac resynchronization therapy) underwent a supervised exercise training program at 60% of peak VO2 three times a week for 8 weeks. Group C (n=22 patients, 12 implantable cardioverter defibrillator, 10 implantable cardioverter defibrillator+cardiac resynchronization therapy) avoided physical training. At 8 weeks, only trained patients had improvements in peak VO2 (Pcardiac resynchronization therapy had greater improvements in peak VO2 and quality of life. During the follow-up (24+/-6 months), eight controls had sustained ventricular tachycardia requiring hospital readmission, while no trained patients had adverse events (log rank 8.56; Pcardiac resynchronization therapy is present. These effects are associated with improvement in quality of life and outcome.

  12. Safety of the Wearable Cardioverter Defibrillator (WCD) in Patients with Implanted Pacemakers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmitt, Joern; Abaci, Guezine; Johnson, Victoria; Erkapic, Damir; Gemein, Christopher; Chasan, Ritvan; Weipert, Kay; Hamm, Christian W; Klein, Helmut U

    2017-03-01

    The wearable cardioverter defibrillator (WCD) is an important approach for better risk stratification, applied to patients considered to be at high risk of sudden arrhythmic death. Patients with implanted pacemakers may also become candidates for use of the WCD. However, there is a potential risk that pacemaker signals may mislead the WCD detection algorithm and cause inappropriate WCD shock delivery. The aim of the study was to test the impact of different types of pacing, various right ventricular (RV) lead positions, and pacing modes for potential misleading of the WCD detection algorithm. Sixty patients with implanted pacemakers received the WCD for a short time and each pacing mode (AAI, VVI, and DDD) was tested for at least 30 seconds in unipolar and bipolar pacing configuration. In case of triggering the WCD detection algorithm and starting the sequence of arrhythmia alarms, shock delivery was prevented by pushing of the response buttons. In six of 60 patients (10%), continuous unipolar pacing in DDD mode triggered the WCD detection algorithm. In no patient, triggering occurred with bipolar DDD pacing, unipolar and bipolar AAI, and VVI pacing. Triggering was independent of pacing amplitude, RV pacing lead position, and pulse generator implantation site. Unipolar DDD pacing bears a high risk of false triggering of the WCD detection algorithm. Other types of unipolar pacing and all bipolar pacing modes do not seem to mislead the WCD detection algorithm. Therefore, patients with no reprogrammable unipolar DDD pacing should not become candidates for the WCD. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  13. Congenital short QT syndrome and implantable cardioverter defibrillator treatment: inherent risk for inappropriate shock delivery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schimpf, Rainer; Wolpert, Christian; Bianchi, Francesca; Giustetto, Carla; Gaita, Florenzo; Bauersfeld, Urs; Borggrefe, Martin

    2003-12-01

    A congenital short QT interval constitutes a new primary electrical abnormality associated with syncope and/or sudden cardiac death. We report on the initial use of implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) therapy in patients with inherited short QT interval and discuss sensing abnormalities and detection issues. In five consecutive patients from two unrelated European families who had structurally normal hearts, excessively shortened QT intervals, and a strong positive family history of sudden cardiac death, ICDs were placed for primary and secondary prevention. Mean QT intervals were 252 +/- 13 ms (QTc 287 +/- 13 ms). Despite normal sensing behavior during intraoperative and postoperative device testing, 3 of 5 patients experienced inappropriate shock therapies for T wave oversensing 30 +/- 26 days after implantation. Programming lower sensitivities and decay delays prevented further inappropriate discharges. The congenital short QT syndrome constitutes a new clinical entity with an increased risk for sudden cardiac death. Currently, ICD treatment is the only therapeutic option. In patients with short QT interval and implanted ICD, increased risk for inappropriate therapy is inherent due to the detection of short-coupled and prominent T waves. Careful testing of ICD function and adaptation of sensing levels and decay delays without sacrificing correct arrhythmia detection are essential.

  14. Time dependence of risks and benefits in pediatric primary prevention implantable cardioverter-defibrillator therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeWitt, Elizabeth S; Triedman, John K; Cecchin, Frank; Mah, Doug Y; Abrams, Dominic J; Walsh, Edward P; Gauvreau, Kimberlee; Alexander, Mark E

    2014-12-01

    Implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) used to prevent sudden cardiac arrest in children not only provide appropriate therapy in 25% of patients but also result in a significant incidence of inappropriate shocks and other device complications. ICDs placed for secondary prevention have higher rates of appropriate therapy than those placed for primary prevention. Pediatric patients with primary prevention ICDs were studied to determine time-dependent incidence of appropriate use and adverse events. A total of 140 patients aged prevention were retrospectively identified. Demographics and times to first appropriate shock; adverse events (including inappropriate shock, lead failure, reintervention, and complication); generator replacement and follow-up were noted. During mean follow-up of 4 years, appropriate shock occurred in 19% patients and first adverse event (excluding death/transplant) occurred in 36%. Risk of death or transplant was ≈1% per year and was not related to receiving appropriate therapy. Conditional survival analysis showed rates of appropriate therapy and adverse events decrease soon after implantation, but adverse events are more frequent than appropriate therapy throughout follow-up. Primary prevention ICDs were associated with appropriate therapy in 19% and adverse event in 36% in this cohort. The incidence of both first appropriate therapy and device-related adverse events decreased during longer periods of follow-up after implantation. This suggests that indications for continued device therapy in pediatric primary prevention ICD patients might be reconsidered after a period of nonuse. © 2014 American Heart Association, Inc.

  15. Securing life through technology acceptance: the first six months after transvenous internal cardioverter defibrillator implantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burke, L J

    1996-01-01

    To understand the experience of living with a transvenous internal cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) during the first 6 months after implantation. A grounded theory approach was used to gain an understanding of the antecedents, conditions, and consequences of the core process. Two midwestern community medical centers and patients' homes within a 250-mile radius from the medical centers. Ten women and 14 men between 22 and 78 years of age, who had undergone a new transvenous ICD implantation within the last week. The core process that described the experience of living with a transvenous ICD during the first 6 months after implantation was the process of "securing life through technology acceptance." This core process was characterized by three major categories: choosing life with technology, integrating technology into life, and living life through technology. Nursing interventions related to individualized assessment, education, and counseling are warranted to facilitate patient and family understanding and to plan for the cyclic process involved in integrating a transvenous ICD into their lives. Directions for further research are provided.

  16. Implantable cardioverter defibrillators and Chagas' disease: results of the ICD Registry Latin America.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muratore, Claudio A; Batista Sa, Luiz A; Chiale, Pablo A; Eloy, Ricardo; Tentori, Maria Cristina; Escudero, Jaime; Lima, Antonio Malan Cavalcanti; Medina, Luis E; Garillo, Raúl; Maloney, Jennifer

    2009-02-01

    Chagas' disease is an endemic parasitic affliction in Latin America. It is frequently associated with ventricular tachyarrhythmia and sudden death. The aim of this study is to assess the evolution of patients with Chagas' disease treated with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD). Eighty-nine chagasic patients with ICD were included for analysis from the Medtronic ICD Registry Latin America. At implant, mean age was 59 +/- 10 years, and 72% were male. Eighty-one patients (91%) had secondary prevention indications. Mean left ventricular ejection fraction was 40 +/- 11%, and mean follow-up was 12 +/- 7 months. During follow-up, six patients died (6.7%); three due to congestive heart failure, one due to sudden death, and two due to non-cardiac cause. Hospitalization occurred in seven patients. Thirty-eight patients (42%) received appropriate ICD therapies. A total of 737 episodes were detected by the ICD. The mean period between ICD implantation and the first appropriate therapy was 104 days. Electrical storms were observed in 14 of the 89 patients (15.7%). Inappropriate therapies were observed in seven patients. This registry confirms that ICD therapy provides protection by effectively terminating life-threatening arrhythmias in patients with Chagas' disease. This is especially so when patients receive the device for secondary prevention.

  17. Home monitoring report from a single lead Lumax DX implantable cardioverter defibrillator: New observations in a new system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuval Konstantino

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available A 56-year-old man underwent a single lead Lumax 640 DX implantable cardioverter defibrillator implantation for primary prevention of sudden cardiac death. A DX system consists of a single lead, which provides atrial as well as ventricular electrograms, and enhances atrial arrhythmia detection. Three months after the implantation, high-frequency episodes were detected on the far field and the atrial channels, but not on the bipolar right ventricular channel; these were classified as atrial tachycardia. In the present report, we discussed the unusual pattern of the artifacts that was related to an electromagnetic interference detected by the novel DX system.

  18. Prognosis after implantation of cardioverter-defibrillators in Korean patients with Brugada syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Son, Myoung Kyun; Byeon, Kyeongmin; Park, Seung-Jung; Kim, June Soo; Nam, Gi-Byoung; Choi, Kee-Joon; Kim, You-Ho; Park, Sang Weon; Kim, Young-Hoon; Park, Hyung Wook; Cho, Jeong Gwan; On, Young Keun

    2014-01-01

    Our study aims to analyze prognosis after implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) implantation in Korean patients with Brugada syndrome (BrS). This was a retrospective study of BrS patients implanted with an ICD at one of four centers in Korea between January 1998 and April 2012. Sixty-nine patients (68 males, 1 female) were implanted with an ICD based on aborted cardiac arrest (n=38, 55%), history of syncope (n=17, 25%), or induced ventricular tachyarrhythmia on electrophysiologic study in asymptomatic patients (n=14, 20%). A family history of sudden cardiac death and a spontaneous type 1 electrocardiography (ECG) were noted in 13 patients (19%) and 44 patients (64%), respectively. During a mean follow-up of 59±46 months, 4.6±5.5 appropriate shocks were delivered in 19 patients (28%). Fourteen patients (20%) experienced 5.2±8.0 inappropriate shocks caused by supraventricular arrhythmia, lead failure, or abnormal sensing. Six patients were admitted for cardiac causes during follow-up, but no cardiac deaths occurred. An episode of aborted cardiac arrest was a significant predictor of appropriate shock, and the composite of cardiac events in the Cox proportional hazard model [hazard ratio (95% confidence interval) was 11.34 (1.31-97.94) and 4.78 (1.41-16.22), respectively]. However, a spontaneous type 1 ECG was not a predictor of cardiac events. Appropriate shock (28%) and inappropriate shock (20%) were noted during a mean follow-up of 59±46 months in Korean BrS patients implanted with an ICD. An episode of aborted cardiac arrest was the most powerful predictor of cardiac events.

  19. Attrition and Adherence in a Web-Based Distress Management Program for Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator Patients (WEBCARE): Randomized Controlled Trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Habibovic, M.; Cuijpers, P.; Alings, M.

    2014-01-01

    Background: WEB-Based Distress Management Program for Implantable CARdioverter defibrillator Patients (WEBCARE) is a Web-based randomized controlled trial, designed to improve psychological well-being in patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD). As in other Web-based trials, we......: Consecutive first-time ICD patients from six Dutch referral hospitals were approached for participation. After signing consent and filling in baseline measures, patients were randomized to either the WEBCARE group or the Usual Care group. Results: The treatment arm of WEBCARE contained 146 patients....... Of these 146, 34 (23.3%) completed the treatment, 88 (60.3%) dropped out of treatment but completed follow-up, and 24 (16.4%) dropped out of treatment and study. Results show no systematic differences in baseline demographic, clinical, or psychological characteristics between groups. A gradual increase...

  20. Defibrillation testing in everyday medical practice during implantable cardioverter defibrillator implantation in France: analysis from the LEADER registry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sadoul, Nicolas; Defaye, Pascal; Mouton, Elisabeth; Bizeau, Olivier; Dupuis, Jean-Marc; Blangy, Hugues; Delarche, Nicolas; Blanc, Jean-Jacques; Lazarus, Arnaud

    2013-11-01

    Defibrillation testing (DT) is usually performed during implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) implantation. We conducted a multicentre prospective study to determine the DT procedures used in everyday practice, to compare the characteristics of patients with or without DT, and to compare severe adverse events in these two populations during implantation and follow-up. The LEADER registry enrolled 904 patients included for primo-implantation of a single (n=261), dual (n=230) or triple (n=429) defibrillation system in 42 French centres. Baseline characteristics of patients (62.0 ± 13.5 years; 88% men; primary indication 62%) who underwent ventricular fibrillation (VF) induction (VF induction group, n=810) and those who did not (untested group, n=94, representing 10.4% of the entire study population) revealed that the untested group were older (P<0.01), had a lower left ventricular ejection fraction, a wider QRS complex and a higher New York Heart Association class and were more often implanted for primary prevention (P<0.001 for all). The main reason given for not performing ICD testing was poor haemodynamic condition (59/94). At 1 year, the cumulative survival rate was 95% in tested patients and 85% in untested patients (P<0.001), mainly because of heart failure deaths. There was one sudden cardiac death in the VF induction group and none in the untested group (P=1.000). In this study, more than 10% of ICD patients were implanted without VF induction. Untested patients appeared to be sicker than tested patients, with a more severe long-term outcome, but without any difference in mortality due to arrhythmic events. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  1. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) in a Patient with Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICD) and Posttraumatic stress disorder(PTSD).

    OpenAIRE

    Sahar Ansari; Mohammad Arbabi

    2014-01-01

    The implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) has currently become the standard treatment for preventing sudden cardiac death. There are some psychological consequences in patients with ICD such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after the shocks induced by ICD. This report aimed to present the case of a 54-year-old man with ICD who had developed PTSD; his PTSD was treated, using cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy consisting of relaxation, mindfulness and problem solving techniques. I...

  2. Embodied Revelation: A Classic Grounded Theory of Heart Failure Patient Decision Making Surrounding Primary Prevention Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator Therapy

    OpenAIRE

    Vera Barton-Caro Ph.D.,

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this classic grounded theory study was to explain the complex decision making process of heart failure (HF) patients considering primary prevention implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) therapy. Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is the leading cause of death for people with HF as well as the primary cause of death in the United States (US). ICDs represent the standard of care as the only effective therapy for primary prevention of SCD. However, a significant proportion of quali...

  3. Complications and Mortality of Single Versus Dual Chamber Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ataallah Bagherzadeh

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: The implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs are increasingly being used as a treatment modality for life threatening tachyarrhythmia. The purpose of this study was to compare the frequency of complications and mortality between single-chamber and dual-chamber ICD implantation in Shahid Rajaie cardiovascular center. Methods and results: Between January 2000 and December 2004, 234 patients received ICD by a percutaneous transvenous approach and were followed for 33 ± 23 months. The cumulative incidence of complications was 9.4% over the follow-up period. There was no significant difference in overall complication rate between single chamber (VR and dual chamber (DR ICD groups in the follow-up period (P= 0.11. The risk of complications did not have any statistically significant difference in secondary versus primary prevention groups (P=0.06. The complications were not associated with the severity of left ventricular systolic dysfunction (P=0.16.The frequency of lead-related complications was higher in dual chamber ICDs in comparison with single chamber ICDs (P=0.02. There was no significant difference in mortality between different sex groups (P=0.37, different indications for ICD implantation (P=0.43 or between VR and DR ICD groups (P= 0.55. Predictors of mortality were NYHA class III or more (P65 years (P=0.011 and LVEF<30% (P<0.001. The mortality in patients with CAD and DCM were significantly higher than those with other structural heart diseases (P=0.001. Conclusions: Close monitoring of patients during the first 2 month after ICD implantation is recommended because the majority of complications occur early after the procedure.

  4. Sensing lead-related complications in patients with transvenous implantable cardioverter-defibrillators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawton, J S; Ellenbogen, K A; Wood, M A; Stambler, B S; Herre, J M; Nath, S; Bernstein, R C; DiMarco, J P; Haines, D E; Szentpetery, S; Baker, L D; Damiano, R J

    1996-09-15

    The widespread use of the redesigned Endotak lead (CPI, St. Paul, Minnesota), which combines transvenous pacing, sensing, and defibrillation on a single transvenous lead in patients receiving transvenous implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs), has reduced morbidity and shortened length of hospital stay after ICD implantation. We describe the incidence and management of Endotak sensing lead-related failures in a series of 348 consecutive patients from 4 institutions who underwent implantation between 1990 and 1995. We retrospectively reviewed the databases for patients receiving an ICD with an Endotak lead for the incidence of lead-related sensing abnormalities. Ten patients (2.8%) with lead-related sensing abnormalities were detected at a mean of 15 +/- 11 months after ICD implantation. Sensing abnormalities were detected in 6 patients after they received inappropriate shocks. Noise or oversensing was noted in 7 patients from interrogation of the devices' data logs. Eight patients had a new transvenous sensing lead placed, 1 patient had a new Endotak lead placed, and 1 had a chronic pacemaker sensing lead converted to function as a sensing lead. No further sensing problems were noted in 8 of 10 patients during a mean follow-up of 14 +/- 8 months. The site of the sensing lead failure was localized to the subrectus pocket in 5 patients and to the clavicle-first rib area in 3 patients; it was undetermined and presumed to be in the clavicle-first rib area in the other 2 patients. One patient had late failure of the defibrillation lead. We conclude that Endotak sensing lead failure does not require insertion of a new Endotak lead, but can be managed with close follow-up and insertion of a new transvenous sensing lead. Endotak lead fractures are frequently localized to the ICD pocket.

  5. MR Imaging in Patients with Cardiac Pacemakers and Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sommer, Torsten; Bauer, Wolfgang; Fischbach, Katharina; Kolb, Christof; Luechinger, Roger; Wiegand, Uwe; Lotz, Joachim; Eitel, Ingo; Gutberlet, Matthias; Thiele, Holger; Schild, Hans H; Kelm, Malte; Quick, Harald H; Schulz-Menger, Jeanette; Barkhausen, Jörg; Bänsch, Dietmar

    2017-03-01

    This joint consensus paper of the German Roentgen Society and the German Cardiac Society provides physical and electrophysiological background information and specific recommendations for the procedural management of patients with cardiac pacemakers (PM) and implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD) undergoing magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. The paper outlines the responsibilities of radiologists and cardiologists regarding patient education, indications, and monitoring with modification of MR sequences and PM/ICD reprogramming strategies being discussed in particular. The aim is to optimize patient safety and to improve legal clarity in order to facilitate the access of SM/ICD patients to MR imaging. Key Points:   · Conventional PM and ICD systems are no longer an absolute but rather a relative contraindication for performing an MR examination. Procedural management includes the assessment of the individual risk/benefit ratio, comprehensive patient informed consent about specific risks and "off label" use, extensive PM/ICD-related and MR-related safety precautions to reduce these risks to the greatest extent possible, as well as adequate monitoring techniques.. · MR conditional pacemaker and ICD systems have been tested and approved for MR examination under specific conditions ("in-label" use). Precise understanding of and compliance with the terms of use for the specific pacemaker system are essential for patient safety.. · The risk for an ICD patient during MR examinations is to be considered significantly higher compared to PM patients due to the higher vulnerability of the structurally damaged myocardium and the higher risk of irreversible damage to conventional ICD systems. The indication for a MR examination of an ICD patient should therefore be determined on a stricter basis and the expected risk/benefit ratio should be critically reviewed.. · This complex subject requires close collaboration between radiology and cardiology.. Citation Format

  6. Standard 12-lead electrocardiography measures predictive of increased appropriate therapy in implantable cardioverter defibrillator recipients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shi, Bijia; Harding, Scott A; Jimenez, Alejandro; Larsen, Peter D

    2013-06-01

    Identification of patients most likely to benefit from implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) implant remains a complex challenge. This study aimed to investigate the utility of measures derived from standard 10 s 12-lead electrocardiogrphy (ECG) without complex signal processing in predicting appropriate therapy in an ICD population. We examined 108 ICD patients for primary (n = 32) and secondary prevention (n = 76). Baseline clinical data and characteristics of QRS complex, T-wave, and heart rate from standard 12-lead ECG were examined and related to the occurrence of subsequent appropriate therapy. Over a mean follow-up of 29 ± 11 months, 44% of patients received appropriate therapy. Patients with depressed heart rate variability (HRV) (≤6.5%) were 2.68 [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.21-5.90, P = 0.015] times more likely to receive appropriate therapy than patients with HRV >6.5%. In patients with bundle branch block (BBB), large QRS dispersion of >39 ms was associated with 2.88 times risk (95% CI 1.24-6.71, P = 0.014) of experiencing appropriate therapy than those with QRS dispersion 0.4 mV. History of atrial arrhythmia [hazard ratio (HR) = 2.30, 95% CI 1.29-4.12, P = 0.005] and secondary prevention (HR = 2.55, 95% CI 1.14-5.71, P = 0.022) were also predictive of device therapy. Measurements from standard 12-lead ECG were predictive of appropriate therapy in a heterogeneous ICD population. Incorporation of 12-lead ECG parameters such as these into risk stratification models may improve our ability to select patients for ICD implantation.

  7. Management of patients with implantable cardioverter-defibrillators and pacemakers who require radiation therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brambatti, Michela; Mathew, Rebecca; Strang, Barbara; Dean, Joan; Goyal, Anuja; Hayward, Joseph E; Long, Laurene; DeMeis, Patty; Smoke, Marcia; Connolly, Stuart J; Morillo, Carlos A; Amit, Guy; Capucci, Alessandro; Healey, Jeff S

    2015-10-01

    Radiation therapy (RT) may pose acute and long-term risks for patients with cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs), including pacemakers (PMs) and implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs). However, the frequency of these problems has not been accurately defined. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of CIEDs among patients requiring RT and report the common CIED-related problems when patients are managed according to a standard clinical care path. In a single tertiary-care center, we prospectively screened all patients requiring RT and identified patients with ICDs or PMs. We collected clinical data about their cancer, RT treatment plan, and CIED. Radiation dose to the device was estimated in all patients, and any device malfunction during RT was documented. Of the 34,706 consecutive patients receiving RT, 261 patients (0.8%, mean age 77.9 ± 9.4 years) had an implantable cardiac device: 54 (20.7%) ICDs and 207 (79.3%) PMs. The site of RT was head and neck (27.4%), chest (30.0%), and abdomen/pelvis (32.6%). Using our care path, 63.2% of patients required continuous cardiac monitoring, 14.6% required device reprogramming, 18.8% required magnet application during RT, and 3.4% required device repositioning to the contralateral side before RT. Four patients (1.5%) had inappropriate device function during RT: 3 experienced hemodynamically tolerated ventricular pacing at the maximum sensor rate, and 1 experienced a device power-on-reset. No patient died or suffered permanent device failure. Nearly 1% of patients receiving RT in this series has a PM or ICD. However, with a systematic policy of risk assessment and patient management, significant device-related complications are rare. Copyright © 2015 Heart Rhythm Society. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Clinical impact of defibrillation testing at the time of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator insertion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hadid, Claudio; Atienza, Felipe; Strasberg, Boris; Arenal, Ángel; Codner, Pablo; González-Torrecilla, Esteban; Datino, Tomás; Percal, Tamara; Almendral, Jesús; Ortiz, Mercedes; Martins, Raphael; Martinez-Alzamora, Nieves; Fernandez Aviles, Francisco

    2015-01-01

    Ventricular fibrillation is routinely induced during implantable cardioverter-defibrillator insertion to assess defibrillator performance, but this strategy is experiencing a progressive decline. We aimed to assess the efficacy of defibrillator therapies and long-term outcome in a cohort of patients that underwent defibrillator implantation with and without defibrillation testing. Retrospective observational series of consecutive patients undergoing initial defibrillator insertion or generator replacement. We registered spontaneous ventricular arrhythmias incidence and therapy efficacy, and mortality. A total of 545 patients underwent defibrillator implantation (111 with and 434 without defibrillation testing). After 19 (range 9-31) months of follow-up, the death rate per observation year (4% vs. 4%; p = 0.91) and the rate of patients with defibrillator-treated ventricular arrhythmic events per observation year (with test: 10% vs. without test: 12%; p = 0.46) were similar. The generalized estimating equations-adjusted first shock probability of success in patients with test (95%; CI 88-100%) vs. without test (98%; CI 96-100%; p = 0.42) and the proportion of successful antitachycardia therapies (with test: 87% vs. without test: 80%; p = 0.35) were similar between groups. There was no difference in the annualized rate of failed first shock per patient and per shocked patient between groups (5% vs. 4%; p = 0.94). In this observational study, that included an unselected population of patients with a defibrillator, no difference was found in overall mortality, first shock efficacy and rate of failed shocks regardless of whether defibrillation testing was performed or not.

  9. Implante de cardio-desfibrilador em gestantes com cardiomiopatia hipertrófica Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator in pregnant women with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

    OpenAIRE

    Leonardo Jorge Cordeiro de Paula; Henrique Barbosa Ribeiro; Roberto Márcio de Oliveira Júnior; Kátia Regina da Silva

    2010-01-01

    Descrevemos os casos de duas gestantes portadoras de cardiomiopatia hipertrófica com alto risco de morte súbita arrítmica, que foram submetidas a implante de cardioversor-desfibrilador automático (CDI) no intercurso da gestação. O momento para a realização do procedimento e os cuidados necessários para o implante do CDI durante a gestação são discutidos e foram os principais objetivos deste relato.We describe the successful implantation of a cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) in two pregnant wo...

  10. Implantable cardioverter defibrillator and survival after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest due to acute myocardial infarction in Denmark in the years 2001-2012, a nationwide study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Winther-Jensen, Matilde; Kjaergaard, Jesper; Lassen, Jens F

    2017-01-01

    in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) (ORPCI: 3.67, CI: 1.35-9.97, p=0. 01). An early, but not late implantable cardioverter defibrillator was associated with increased survival (event time ratioEarly ICD: 1.45, CI: 1.11-1.90, p=0.01). Chronic heart failure, higher age groups......, Charlson Comorbidity Index levels 1 to ⩾3 and male sex were associated with lower survival. Highest income was associated with higher survival. CONCLUSION: Cardioverter defibrillator implantation rates in patients surviving an myocardial infarction-out-of-hospital cardiac arrest increased from 14% to 19......AIM: The purpose of this study was to describe the implantation of implantable cardioverter defibrillator after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest caused by myocardial infarction in Denmark 2001-2012 and subsequent survival. METHODS: The Danish Cardiac Arrest Registry was used to identify patients ⩾18...

  11. Magnetic resonance imaging safety in pacemaker and implantable cardioverter defibrillator patients: how far have we come?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nordbeck, Peter; Ertl, Georg; Ritter, Oliver

    2015-01-01

    Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has long been regarded a general contraindication in patients with cardiovascular implanted electronic devices such as cardiac pacemakers or cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) due to the risk of severe complications and even deaths caused by interactions of the magnetic resonance (MR) surrounding and the electric devices. Over the last decade, a better understanding of the underlying mechanisms responsible for such potentially life-threatening complications as well as technical advances have allowed an increasing number of pacemaker and ICD patients to safely undergo MRI. This review lists the key findings from basic research and clinical trials over the last 20 years, and discusses the impact on current day clinical practice. With ‘MR-conditional’ devices being the new standard of care, MRI in pacemaker and ICD patients has been adopted to clinical routine today. However, specific precautions and specifications of these devices should be carefully followed if possible, to avoid patient risks which might appear with new MR technology and further increasing indications and patient numbers. PMID:25796053

  12. Interference of neodymium magnets with cardiac pacemakers and implantable cardioverter-defibrillators: an in vitro study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryf, Salome; Wolber, Thomas; Duru, Firat; Luechinger, Roger

    2008-01-01

    Permanent magnets may interfere with the function of cardiac pacemakers and implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs). Neodymium-iron-boron (NdFeB) magnets have become widely available in recent years and are incorporated in various articles of daily life. We conducted an in-vitro study to evaluate the ability of NdFeB magnets for home and office use to cause interference with cardiac pacemakers and ICDs. The magnetic fields of ten NdFeB magnets of different size and shape were measured at increasing distances beginning from the surface until a field-strength (B-field) value of 0.5 mT was reached. Furthermore, for each magnet the distance was determined at which a sample pacemaker switched from magnet mode to normal mode. Depending on the size and remanence of individual magnets, a B-field value of 0.5 mT was found at distances ranging from 1.5 cm to 30 cm and a value of 1 mT at distances from 1 cm to 22 cm. The pacemaker behavior was influenced at distances from 1 cm to 24 cm. NdFeB magnets for home and office use may cause interference with cardiac pacemakers and ICDs at distances up to 24 centimeters. Patient education and product declarations should include information about the risk associated with these magnets.

  13. Potential interference of small neodymium magnets with cardiac pacemakers and implantable cardioverter-defibrillators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolber, Thomas; Ryf, Salome; Binggeli, Christian; Holzmeister, Johannes; Brunckhorst, Corinna; Luechinger, Roger; Duru, Firat

    2007-01-01

    Magnetic fields may interfere with the function of cardiac pacemakers and implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs). Neodymium-iron-boron (NdFeB) magnets, which are small in size but produce strong magnetic fields, have become widely available in recent years. Therefore, NdFeB magnets may be associated with an emerging risk of device interference. We conducted a clinical study to evaluate the potential of small NdFeB magnets to interfere with cardiac pacemakers and ICDs. The effect of four NdFeB magnets (two spherical magnets 8 and 10 mm in diameter, a necklace made of 45 spherical magnets, and a magnetic name tag) was tested in forty-one ambulatory patients with a pacemaker and 29 patients with an ICD. The maximum distance at which the magnetic switch of a device was influenced was observed. Magnetic interference was observed in all patients. The maximum distance resulting in device interference was 3 cm. No significant differences were found with respect to device manufacturer and device types. Small NdFeB magnets may cause interference with cardiac pacemakers and ICDs. Patients should be cautioned about the interference risk associated with NdFeB magnets during daily life.

  14. [Guidelines on the management of implantable cardioverter defibrillators at the end of life].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Datino, T; Rexach, L; Vidán, M T; Alonso, A; Gándara, Á; Ruiz-García, J; Fontecha, B; Martínez-Sellés, M

    2014-01-01

    This article is a joint document of the Spanish Society of Geriatrics and Gerontology, the Spanish Society of Palliative Care and the Section of Geriatric Cardiology of the Spanish Society of Cardiology. Its aim is to address the huge gap that exists in Spain with regard to the management of implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) in the final stages of life. It is increasingly common to find patients carrying these devices that are in the terminal stage of an advanced disease. This occurs in patients with advanced heart disease and subsequent heart failure refractory to treatment but also in a patient with an ICD who develops cancer disease, organ failure or other neurodegenerative diseases with poor short-term prognosis. The vast majority of these patients are over 65, so the paper focuses particularly on the elderly who are in this situation, but the decision-making process is similar in younger patients with ICDs who are in the final phase of their life. Copyright © 2013 SEGG. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  15. Guidelines on the management of implantable cardioverter defibrillators at the end of life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Datino, T; Rexach, L; Vidán, M T; Alonso, A; Gándara, Á; Ruiz-García, J; Fontecha, B; Martínez-Sellés, M

    2014-01-01

    This article is a joint document of the Spanish Society of Geriatrics and Gerontology, the Spanish Society of Palliative Care and the Section of Geriatric Cardiology of the Spanish Society of Cardiology. Its aim is to address the huge gap that exists in Spain with regard to the management of implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) in the final stages of life. It is increasingly common to find patients carrying these devices that are in the terminal stage of an advanced disease. This occurs in patients with advanced heart disease and subsequent heart failure refractory to treatment but also in a patient with an ICD who develops cancer disease, organ failure or other neurodegenerative diseases with poor short-term prognosis. The vast majority of these patients are over 65, so the paper focuses particularly on the elderly who are in this situation, but the decision-making process is similar in younger patients with ICDs who are in the final phase of their life. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier España, S.L. All rights reserved.

  16. A trial design for evaluation of empiric programming of implantable cardioverter defibrillators to improve patient management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Morgan John M

    2004-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The delivery of implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD therapy is sophisticated and requires the programming of over 100 settings. Physicians tailor these settings with the intention of optimizing ICD therapeutic efficacy, but the usefulness of this approach has not been studied and is unknown. Empiric programming of settings such as anti-tachycardia pacing (ATP has been demonstrated to be effective, but an empiric approach to programming all VT/VF detection and therapy settings has not been studied. A single standardized empiric programming regimen was developed based on key strategies with the intention of restricting shock delivery to circumstances when it is the only effective and appropriate therapy. The EMPIRIC trial is a worldwide, multi-center, prospective, one-to-one randomized comparison of empiric to physician tailored programming for VT/VF detection and therapy in a broad group of about 900 dual chamber ICD patients. The trial will provide a better understanding of how particular programming strategies impact the quantity of shocks delivered and facilitate optimization of complex ICD programming.

  17. Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator elective generator replacement: a procedure for all?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barra, Sergio; Goonewardene, Manoj; Heck, Patrick; Begley, David; Virdee, Munmohan; Fynn, Simon; Grace, Andrew; Agarwal, Sharad

    2016-03-01

    Six risk stratification scores have been developed to estimate mortality risk in patients receiving an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD). This study aims at validating and comparing these risk scores in patients having elective ICD generator replacement (GR) and assessing the outcome of patients submitted to this procedure. Two hundred twenty three consecutive patients with ischaemic or non-ischaemic dilated cardiomyopathy submitted to elective ICD GR and followed-up for 44 ± 19 months were included. We evaluated which of six previously developed risk scores could predict post-discharge all-cause mortality risk in this context with the highest efficacy. Comparisons between these scores were made using receiver-operating characteristic curves and the integrated discrimination improvement (IDI) index. We further assessed risk of appropriate ICD therapies and all-cause mortality following ICD GR. The prognostic utility of the six scores was assessed by calculating the AUC for follow-up all-cause mortality prediction: Goldenberg - 0.758 ± 0.042, p gender (OR 6.6, CI 95% 0.8-55, p = 0.082) and history of atrial fibrillation (OR 2.28, CI 95% 1.1-4.5, p = 0.019). Current prediction scores are useful in predicting mortality risk of patients considered for ICD generator replacement and can potentially help identify patients who may not benefit from continuous ICD treatment due to high mortality rates regardless of the ICD.

  18. Interference of cardiac pacemaker and implantable cardioverter-defibrillator activity during electronic dental device use.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roedig, Jason J; Shah, Jignesh; Elayi, Claude Samy; Miller, Craig S

    2010-05-01

    The authors conducted a study to determine if electromagnetic interference of cardiac pacemaker and implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) activity occurs during the operation of electronic dental devices. The authors tested nine electronic dental devices in vitro to assess their ability to interfere with the function of two pacemakers and two ICDs as determined by electrocardiographic telemetry. The pacing activity of both pacemakers and the dual-chamber ICD were inhibited during operation of the battery-operated composite curing light at between 2 and 10 centimeters from the generator or leads. The use of the ultrasonic scaler interfered with the pacing activity of the dual-chamber pacemaker at between 17 and 23 cm from the generator or leads, the single-chamber pacemaker at 15 cm from the generator or leads and both ICDs at 7 cm from the leads. The operation of the ultrasonic cleaning system interfered with the activity of the dual-chamber pacemaker at between 15 and 23 cm from the generator or leads, and of the single-chamber pacemaker at 12 cm. Operation of the electric toothbrush, electrosurgical unit, electric pulp tester, high- and low-speed handpieces, and an amalgamator did not alter pacing function. Select electronic dental devices interfere with pacemakers' and ICDs' sensing and pacing activity in vitro. Use of the ultrasonic scaler, ultrasonic cleaning system and battery-operated composite curing light may produce deleterious effects in patients who have pacemakers or ICDs.

  19. Patients' perspectives on end-of-life issues and implantable cardioverter defibrillators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strachan, Patricia H; Carroll, Sandra L; de Laat, Sonya; Schwartz, Lisa; Arthur, Heather M

    2011-01-01

    Increasing numbers of cardiovascular patients are receiving implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) for primary prevention of sudden cardiac death (SCD). This report examines patients' perspectives on related end-of-life issues. Using a grounded theory approach, audiotaped, semi-structured interviews were undertaken with 30 participants from two ICD referral centres in southwestern Ontario (24 who accepted an ICD and 6 who declined). Interview transcripts, verification with interviewees, researcher memos, published literature, and participant demographics were analyzed using NVivo7. Most participants were male, had comorbidities and an ejection fraction of less than 30 percent, and ranged in age from 26 to 87. Consensus was reached by three research team members on three main themes: quality versus quantity of life, preferred mode of death, and the technical realities of the ICD. The ICD was considered in relation to both quantity and quality of life. Most participants focused on the prevention of SCD, not the implications of the ICD for death by any other cause. Participants advocated for incorporating the ICD into advance care planning. Our findings have implications for the development of advance care plans and education of health professionals.

  20. Could implantable cardioverter defibrillators provide a human model supporting the learned helplessness theory of depression?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodman, M; Hess, B

    1999-01-01

    Affective symptoms were examined retrospectively in 25 patients following placement of implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD) which can produce intermittent shocks without warning in response to cardiac ventricular arrhythmias. The number of ICD random, uncontrollable discharge shocks and pre-ICD history of psychological distress (i.e., depression and/or anxiety) were documented in all patients using a demographics questionnaire and a standardized behavioral/psychological symptoms questionnaire (i.e., Symptom Checklist-90 Revised). ICD patients were dichotomized into two groups: those without a history of psychological distress prior to ICD (n = 18) and those with a history of psychological distress prior to ICD (n = 7). In ICD patients without a prior history, results indicated that quantity of ICD discharge shocks was significantly predictive of current reported depression (r = 0.45, p = 0.03) and current reported anxiety (r = 0.51, p = 0.02). Conversely, in patients with a reported history of psychological distress, there was no significant relationship found between quantity of discharge shocks and current reported depression or anxiety. This study may provide evidence in support of a human model of learned helplessness in that it supports the notion that exposure to an unavoidable and inescapable aversive stimulus was found to be related to patients' reported depression. Further studies may wish to prospectively consider a larger sample as well as a more comprehensive assessment of premorbid psychological symptoms.

  1. How to program pulse duration or tilt in implantable cardioverter defibrillators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Irnich, Werner

    2003-01-01

    Implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) are available with independently programmable duration and tilt of the shock pulse waveform. Manufacturers do not, however, commonly advise how these parameters can be programmed for optimal clinical benefit. From theoretical considerations, the author recommends programming both parameters based on the measured lead system resistance R into which the shock is delivered. Assuming that the defibrillation pulse decline below the defibrillation threshold rheobase is undesirable because of the possibility of refibrillation. Mathematical relationships expressing optimal pulse duration and tilt as functions of the output time constant can be derived that are valid for monophasic pulses and the first phase of biphasic pulses. Two ICD manufacturers provide for programmable tilt (Medtronic GEM III, atrial channel) or both tilt T and pulse duration PD. (St. Jude Medical newest devices). Considering its output capacitance, it is recommended that the Medtronic Gem III should be programmed for T = 50% when R defibrillation, but it is suggested that this can best be accomplished by programming these parameters with the guidance of theory as described in this discussion.

  2. Patients’ Perspectives on End-of-Life Issues and Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carroll, Sandra L.; de Laat, Sonya; Schwartz, Lisa; Arthur, Heather M.

    2011-01-01

    Increasing numbers of cardiovascular patients are receiving implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) for primary prevention of sudden cardiac death (SCD). This report examines patients’ perspectives on related end-of-life issues. Using a grounded theory approach, audiotaped, semi-structured interviews were undertaken with 30 participants from two ICD referral centres in southwestern Ontario (24 who accepted an ICD and 6 who declined). Interview transcripts, researcher memos, member checks, published literature, and participant demographics were analyzed using NVivo7. Most participants were male, had comorbidities and an ejection fraction of less than 30 percent, and ranged in age from 26 to 87. Consensus was reached by three research team members on three main themes: quality versus quantity of life, preferred mode of death, and the technical realities of the ICD. The ICD was considered in relation to both quantity and quality of life. Most participants focused on the prevention of SCD, not the implications of the ICD for death by any other cause. Participants advocated for incorporating the ICD into advance care planning. Our findings have implications for the development of advance care plans and education of health professionals. PMID:21510126

  3. Use of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators in athletes: A systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liz Almeida, Ricardo; Providência, Rui; Gonçalves, Lino

    2015-06-01

    International guidelines exclude athletes with implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) from participating in sports, except those of low intensity (category IA, such as golf, billiards or bowling). However, these guidelines are based on expert consensus, and thus the safety and risks of participating in sports in this population are still largely unknown in the medical community. We performed a systematic review of the literature in PubMed using the following search string: "((sudden cardiac death) AND (sport OR physical exercise)) AND defibrillator". After the application of pre-defined inclusion and exclusion criteria, 36 results were selected, which are explored in this paper. Preliminary results on ICD use in this population appear to demonstrate the safety and efficacy of the device in this context. Further studies, with longer follow-up and with larger samples, may provide stronger evidence to support these findings. In the meantime, disqualifying almost all ICD patients from participating in sports, without taking into consideration their individual needs and characteristics, may be prejudicial to a considerable number of patients by preventing them from exercising their profession or engaging in recreational sport, for which their risk of sudden cardiac death may be low. Copyright © 2014 Sociedade Portuguesa de Cardiologia. Published by Elsevier España. All rights reserved.

  4. Sudden death mechanisms in nonischemic cardiomyopathies: Insights gleaned from clinical implantable cardioverter-defibrillator trials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steinberg, Benjamin A; Mulpuru, Siva K; Fang, James C; Gersh, Bernard J

    2017-12-01

    Sudden cardiac death (SCD) represents a major cause of death among patients with heart failure. Although scar-based, macroreentrant ventricular tachycardia/ventricular fibrillation is the primary etiology for SCD among patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy, a more diverse set of mechanisms and substrates is likely at play for the diverse group of patients characterized by nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (NICM). These causes may include scar-based reentry, but also neurohormonal stimulation (sympathetic, parasympathetic, renin-angiotensin-aldosterone), inflammation, and nonarrhythmic processes occurring in the context of a genetic predisposition. In addition to basic and translational science, observations from large randomized clinical trials of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) can also offer insight and support for specific mechanisms of SCD in these patients. This review will discuss the background of SCD in NICM, its potential mechanisms based on experimental and theoretical models, and the evidence for these mechanisms that can be derived from clinical trials of ICD therapy. Copyright © 2017 Heart Rhythm Society. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. Subcutaneous implantable cardioverter-defibrillator Post-Approval Study: Clinical characteristics and perioperative results.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gold, Michael R; Aasbo, Johan D; El-Chami, Mikhael F; Niebauer, Mark; Herre, John; Prutkin, Jordan M; Knight, Bradley P; Kutalek, Steven; Hsu, Kevin; Weiss, Raul; Bass, Eric; Husby, Michael; Stivland, Timothy M; Burke, Martin C

    2017-10-01

    The subcutaneous implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (S-ICD) was developed to reduce short- and long-term complications associated with transvenous ICD leads. Early multicenter studies included younger patients with less left ventricular systolic dysfunction and fewer comorbidities than cohorts with traditional ICD. The purpose of this study was to characterize patient selection and the acute performance of the S-ICD in a contemporary real-world setting. The S-ICD Post-Approval Study is a prospective registry involving 86 US centers. Patients were enrolled if they met criteria for S-ICD implantation, passed an electrocardiogram screening test, and had a life expectancy of >1 year. Analyses of descriptive statistics, Kaplan-Meier time to event, and multivariate logistic regression were performed. The study includes 1637 patients who underwent S-ICD implantation. The cohort included 68.6% (1123/1637) male patients, and 13.4% (220/1636) were receiving dialysis for end-stage renal disease. The mean age was 52 ± 15 years, with a mean left ventricular ejection fraction of 32.0% ± 14.6%. Electrocardiogram screening was successful for at least 1, 2, or 3 vectors in 100%, 93.8%, and 51.4% of patients, respectively. Medical imaging (65.1%, 1065/1636) and general anesthesia (64.1%, 1048/16) were used in a majority of patients, and 52.2% (855/1637) were implanted with the 2-incision technique. Induced ventricular tachycardia/ventricular tachycardia was successfully converted in 98.7% (1394/1412) of patients. The 30-day complication-free rate was 96.2%. Predictors of complications included diabetes, younger age, and higher body mass index. Contemporary US patients with S-ICD have more comorbidities than do previous cohorts with S-ICD, but they are younger with more end-stage renal disease than do patients with transvenous ICD. Implantation success is high, and short-term complication rates are acceptable. Copyright © 2017 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights

  6. Wearable cardioverter-defibrillator for prevention of sudden cardiac death after infected implantable cardioverter-defibrillator removal: A cost-effectiveness evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Healy, Christopher A; Carrillo, Roger G

    2015-07-01

    Prevention of sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) after removal of an infected implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) is a challenging clinical dilemma. The cost-effectiveness of the wearable cardioverter-defibrillator (WCD) in this setting remains uncertain. The purpose of this study was to compare the cost-effectiveness of the WCD with discharge home, discharge to a skilled nursing facility, or inpatient monitoring for the prevention of SCA after infected ICD removal. A decision model was developed to compare the cost-effectiveness of use of the WCD to several different strategies for patients who undergo ICD removal. One-way and 2-way sensitivity analyses were performed to account for uncertainties. In the base-case analysis, the incremental cost-effectiveness of the WCD strategy was $20,300 per life-year (LY) or $26,436 per quality-adjusted life-year (QALY) compared to discharge home without a WCD. Discharge to a skilled nursing facility and in-hospital monitoring resulted in higher costs and worse clinical outcomes. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio was as low as $15,392/QALY if the WCD successfully terminated 95% of SCA events and exceeded the $50,000/QALY willingness-to-pay threshold if the efficacy was <69%.The WCD strategy remained cost-effective, assuming 5.6% 2-month SCA risk, as long as the time to reimplantation was at least 2 weeks. The WCD likely is cost-effective in protecting patients against SCA after infected ICD removal while waiting for ICD reimplantation compared to keeping patients in the hospital or discharging them home or to a skilled nursing facility. Copyright © 2015 Heart Rhythm Society. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Current Indications for Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators in Non-Ischemic Cardiomyopathies and Channelopathies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    González-Torrecilla, Esteban; Arenal, Angel; Atienza, Felipe; Datino, Tomás; Bravo, Loreto; Ruiz, Pablo; Ávila, Pablo; Fernández-Avilés, Francisco

    2015-01-01

    Current indications for implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) in patients with channelopathies and cardiomyopathies of non-ischemic origin are mainly based on non-randomized evidence. In patients with nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (NIDCM), there is a tendency towards a beneficial effect on total mortality of ICD therapy in patients with significant left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. Although an important reduction in sudden cardiac death (SCD) seems to be clearly demonstrated in these patients, a net beneficial effect on total mortality is unclear mostly in cases with good functional status. Risk stratification has been changing over the last two decades in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Its risk profile has been delineated in parallel with the beneficial effect of ICD in high risk patients. Observational results based on "appropriate" ICD interventions do support its usefulness both in primary and secondary SCD prevention in these patients. Novel risk models quantify the rate of sudden cardiac death in these patients on individual basis. Less clear risk stratification is available for cases of arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) and in other uncommon familiar cardiomyopathies. Main features of risk stratification vary among the different channelopathies (long QT syndrome -LQTS-, Brugada syndrome, etc) with great debate on the management of asymptomatic patients. For most familiar cardiomyopathies, ICD therapy is the only accepted strategy in the prevention of SCD. So far, genetic testing has a limited role in risk evaluation and management of the individual patient. This review aims to summarize these criticisms and to refine the current indications of ICD implantation in patients with cardiomyopathies and major channelopathies.

  8. Outcomes with single-coil versus dual-coil implantable cardioverter defibrillators: a meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sunderland, Nicholas; Kaura, Amit; Murgatroyd, Francis; Dhillon, Para; Scott, Paul A

    2018-03-01

    Dual-coil implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) leads have traditionally been used over single-coil leads due to concerns regarding high defibrillation thresholds (DFT) and consequent poor shock efficacy. However, accumulating evidence suggests that this position may be unfounded and that dual-coil leads may also be associated with higher complication rates during lead extraction. This meta-analysis collates data comparing dual- and single-coil ICD leads. Electronic databases were systematically searched for randomized controlled trials (RCT) and non-randomized studies comparing single-coil and dual-coil leads. The mean differences in DFT and summary estimates of the odds-ratio (OR) for first-shock efficacy and the hazard-ratio (HR) for all-cause mortality were calculated using random effects models. Eighteen studies including a total of 138,124 patients were identified. Dual-coil leads were associated with a lower DFT compared to single coil leads (mean difference -0.83J; 95% confidence interval [CI] -1.39--0.27; P = 0.004). There was no difference in the first-shock success rate with dual-coil compared to single-coil leads (OR 0.74; 95%CI 0.45-1.21; P=0.22). There was a significantly lower risk of all-cause mortality associated with single-coil leads (HR 0.91; 95%CI 0.86-0.95; P dual-coil leads. The mortality benefit with single-coil leads most likely represents patient selection bias. Given the increased risk and complexity of extracting dual-coil leads, centres should strongly consider single-coil ICD leads as the lead of choice for routine new left-sided ICD implants. Published on behalf of the European Society of Cardiology. All rights reserved. © The Author 2017. For permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  9. Intraoperative Defibrillation Testing of Subcutaneous Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator Systems-A Simple Issue?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frommeyer, Gerrit; Zumhagen, Sven; Dechering, Dirk G; Larbig, Robert; Bettin, Markus; Löher, Andreas; Köbe, Julia; Reinke, Florian; Eckardt, Lars

    2016-03-15

    The results of the recently published randomized SIMPLE trial question the role of routine intraoperative defibrillation testing. However, testing is still recommended during implantation of the entirely subcutaneous implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (S-ICD) system. To address the question of whether defibrillation testing in S-ICD systems is still necessary, we analyzed the data of a large, standard-of-care prospective single-center S-ICD registry. In the present study, 102 consecutive patients received an S-ICD for primary (n=50) or secondary prevention (n=52). Defibrillation testing was performed in all except 4 patients. In 74 (75%; 95% CI 0.66-0.83) of 98 patients, ventricular fibrillation was effectively terminated by the first programmed internal shock. In 24 (25%; 95% CI 0.22-0.44) of 98 patients, the first internal shock was ineffective and further internal or external shock deliveries were required. In these patients, programming to reversed shock polarity (n=14) or repositioning of the sensing lead (n=1) or the pulse generator (n=5) led to successful defibrillation. In 4 patients, a safety margin of defibrillation testing is not necessary in transvenous ICD systems, it seems particular important for S-ICD systems, because in nearly 25% of the cases the primary intraoperative test was not successful. In most cases, a successful defibrillation could be achieved by changing shock polarity or by optimizing the shock vector caused by the pulse generator or lead repositioning. © 2016 The Authors. Published on behalf of the American Heart Association, Inc., by Wiley Blackwell.

  10. Radiation therapy in patients with implanted cardiac pacemakers and implantable cardioverter defibrillators. A prospective survey in Japan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Soejima, Toshinori; Yoden, Eisaku; Nishimura, Yasumasa

    2011-01-01

    Patients with implanted cardiac pacemakers (ICPs) or implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) are increasing in number, and the incidence of treating these patients with radiation therapy also is increasing. Thus, a prospective survey was conducted of patients with these devices receiving radiation therapy. A prospective survey of patients with ICPs or ICDs treated with radiation therapy was conducted on methods of radiation therapy, status of ICP/ICD, and management of patients before, during, and after radiation therapy. After completion of radiation therapy, study participants were registered via mail, fax, or e-mail. Sixty-two patients from 29 institutions were registered from September 2006 to December 2008. Sixty patients had an ICP and 2 had an ICD. The total dose was estimated before radiation therapy by dose-volume histogram in 26 patients (42%) and by measurement of actual doses in 9 (15%). In one patient, the maximum total dose was 2069 cGy; however, in the other patients, the ICP/ICD dose did not exceed 478 cGy. Function of ICPs and ICDs was checked before radiation therapy in 38 patients (61%), after radiation therapy in 32 (52%), and both before and after radiation therapy in 29 (47%). ICP malfunction occurred in a patient with prostate cancer treated by intensity-modulated radiation therapy to the prostate. Even when an ICP or ICD is not within the field of radiation, malfunction of the device may still occur. To minimize the risk to patients, precautions must be taken during the planning and administration of radiation therapy. (author)

  11. Implantable cardioverter defibrillator therapy in young patients with cardiomyopathies and channelopathies: a single Italian centre experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Migliore, Federico; Silvano, Maria; Zorzi, Alessandro; Bertaglia, Emanuele; Siciliano, Mariachiara; Leoni, Loira; De Franceschi, Pietro; Iliceto, Sabino; Corrado, Domenico

    2016-07-01

    This study was designed to prospectively evaluate the risk-benefit ratio of implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) therapy in young patients with cardiomyopathies and channelopathies. The study population included 96 consecutive patients [68 men, median age 27 (22-32) years] with cardiomyopathies, such as arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (n = 35), dilated cardiomyopathy (n = 17), hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (n = 15), Brugada syndrome (n = 14), idiopathic ventricular fibrillation (n = 5), left ventricular noncompaction (n = 4), long-QT syndrome (n = 4) and short-QT syndrome (n = 2), who were 18-35 years old at the time of ICD implantation. During a mean follow-up of 72.6 ± 53.3 months, one patient with end-stage hypertrophic cardiomyopathy died because of acute heart failure, and 11 patients underwent orthotopic heart transplantation. Twenty patients (20.8%) had a total of 38 appropriate ICD interventions (4%/year), and 26 patients (27.1%) experienced a total of 49 adverse ICD-related events (5.4%/year), including 23 inappropriate ICD interventions occurring in nine patients (9.4%) and 26 device-related complications requiring surgical revision occurring in 20 patients (20.8%). Lead failure/fracture requiring lead extraction was the most common complication (n = 9). A threshold for ICD therapy less than 300 ms was associated with a borderline significant lower probability of inappropriate ICD interventions (hazard ratio = 0.2; 95% confidence interval 0.02-1.2; P = 0.07), whereas underweight status was an independent predictor of device-related complications (hazard ratio = 5.4; 95% confidence interval 1.5-19.4; P = 0.01). In young patients with cardiomyopathies and channelopathies, ICD therapy provided life-saving protection by effectively terminating life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias. However, because ICD-related adverse events are common, the risk/benefit ratio should be

  12. Monitoring treatment expectations in patients with an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator using the EXPECT-ICD scale

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Habibovic, Mirela; Pedersen, Susanne S.; van den Broek, Krista C

    2014-01-01

    indicate that the EXPECT-ICD scale is a reliable, valid, and disease-specific measure of the treatment expectations in ICD patients. Future research needs to investigate whether addressing the patients' expectations might improve the outcome and the subjective well-being of ICD patients.......AIMS: Patient treatment expectations may affect cardiac outcomes; however, till date, no validated instruments have been developed to monitor treatment expectations in patients with an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD). This study evaluates the predictive value of the newly developed 10...

  13. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT in a Patient with Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICD and Posttraumatic stress disorder(PTSD.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sahar Ansari

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD has currently become the standard treatment for preventing sudden cardiac death. There are some psychological consequences in patients with ICD such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD after the shocks induced by ICD. This report aimed to present the case of a 54-year-old man with ICD who had developed PTSD; his PTSD was treated, using cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy consisting of relaxation, mindfulness and problem solving techniques. In patients with ICD who are experiencing PTSD using cognitive behavioral interventions may be helpful to reduce their psychological sufferings.

  14. Optimism as predictor of patient-reported outcomes in patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (data from the WEBCARE study)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Habibović, M; Broers, E; Heumen, D

    2018-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: The implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) is the treatment of choice for prevention of sudden cardiac death. However, a subgroup of ICD patients experiences psychological adjustment problems post implant. To date, positive psychological constructs (e.g. optimism) have been...... understudied in this population. Hence, we examined the association between optimism and anxiety, depression, and health status at 12-months post implant. METHODS: Patients (N=171) enrolled in the WEB-based distress management study for ICD patients were included in the analyses. Optimism and pessimism (LOT......), and Type D personality (DS14) were administered at baseline, while anxiety (GAD-7), depression (PHQ-9), and health status (SF-12) were assessed at 12-months. RESULTS: The mean age was 59.6±10.06 with 81% being male. After controlling for demographic, personality, and clinical variables, baseline optimism...

  15. The ethics of unilateral implantable cardioverter defibrillators and cardiac resynchronization therapy with defibrillator deactivation: patient perspectives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daeschler, Margaret; Verdino, Ralph J; Kirkpatrick, James N

    2017-08-01

    Decisions about deactivation of implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) are complicated. Unilateral do-not-resuscitate (DNR) orders (against patient/family wishes) have been ethically justified in cases of medical futility. Unilateral deactivation of ICDs may be seen as a logical extension of a unilateral DNR order. However, the ethical implications of unilateral ICD deactivation have not been explored. Sixty patients who had an ICD or cardiac resynchronization therapy with defibrillator (CRT-D) were interviewed at a quaternary medical centre outpatient electrophysiology practice. Survey questions addressed whether deactivation of defibrillator function was included in advanced directives, whether deactivation constitutes physician-assisted suicide, and whether unilateral deactivation can be ethically justified. Responses were elicited to scenarios in which defibrillation function was deactivated in different contexts (including patient request to deactivate, existing DNR, and unilateral deactivation). Only 15% of respondents had thought about device deactivation if they were to develop a serious illness from which they were not expected to recover. A majority (53%) had advance directives, but only one mentioned what to do with the device. However, a majority (78%) did not consider deactivation of an ICD shocking function against patients' wishes to be ethical or moral. Management of ICDs and CRT-Ds as patients near the end of their lives creates ethical dilemmas. Few patients consider device deactivation at end-of-life, although a large majority believes that unilateral deactivation is not ethical/moral, even in the setting of medical futility. Advance care planning for these patients should address device deactivation. Published on behalf of the European Society of Cardiology. All rights reserved. © The Author 2016. For permissions please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  16. Electromagnetic interference with implantable cardioverter-defibrillators at power frequency: an in vivo study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Napp, Andreas; Joosten, Stephan; Stunder, Dominik; Knackstedt, Christian; Zink, Matthias; Bellmann, Barbara; Marx, Nikolaus; Schauerte, Patrick; Silny, Jiri

    2014-01-28

    The number of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) for the prevention of sudden cardiac death is continuing to increase. Given the technological complexity of ICDs, it is of critical importance to identify and control possible harmful electromagnetic interferences between various sources of electromagnetic fields and ICDs in daily life and occupational environments. Interference thresholds of 110 ICD patients (1-, 2-, and 3-chamber ICDs) were evaluated in a specifically developed test site. Patients were exposed to single and combined electric and magnetic 50-Hz fields with strengths of up to 30 kV·m⁻¹ and 2.55 mT. Tests were conducted considering worst-case conditions, including maximum sensitivity of the device or full inspiration. With devices being programmed to nominal sensitivity, ICDs remained unaffected in 91 patients (83%). Five of 110 devices (5%) showed transient loss of accurate right ventricular sensing, whereas 14 of 31 (45%) of the 2- and 3-chamber devices displayed impaired right atrial sensing. No interference was detected in 71 patients (65%) within the tested limits with programming to maximum sensitivity, whereas 20 of 110 subjects (18%) exhibited right ventricular disturbances and 19 of 31 (61%) subjects exhibited right atrial disturbances. Extremely low-frequency daily-life electromagnetic fields do not disturb sensing capabilities of ICDs. However, strong 50-Hz electromagnetic fields, present in certain occupational environments, may cause inappropriate sensing, potentially leading to false detection of atrial/ventricular arrhythmic events. When the right atrial/right ventricular interferences are compared, the atrial lead is more susceptible to electromagnetic fields. http://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01626261. Unique identifier: NCT01626261.

  17. Emotional distress, positive affect, and mortality in patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van den Broek, Krista C; Tekle, Fetene B; Habibović, Mirela; Alings, Marco; van der Voort, Pepijn H; Denollet, Johan

    2013-05-10

    Little is known about the relationship between emotional distress and mortality in patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD). Our aim was to examine the predictive value of general negative and positive affect, and depressive symptoms (including its components somatic symptoms and cognitive-affective symptoms) for mortality. ICD patients (N=591, 81% male, mean age=62.7 ± 10.1 years) completed the Global Mood Scale to measure the independent dimensions negative and positive mood, and the Beck Depression Inventory to measure depressive symptoms. Covariates consisted of demographic and clinical variables. During the median follow-up of 3.2 years, 96 (16.2%) patients died. After controlling for covariates, negative affect was significantly related to all-cause mortality (HR=1.034, p=0.002), whereas positive affect was not (HR=1.007, p=0.61). Depressive symptoms were also independently associated with an increased mortality risk (HR=1.031, p=0.030) and somatic symptoms of depression in particular (HR=1.130, p=0.003), but cognitive-affective symptoms were not associated with mortality (HR=0.968, p=0.29). When entering both significant psychological predictors in a covariate-adjusted model, negative mood remained significant (HR=1.039, p=0.009), but somatic symptoms of depression did not (HR=0.988, p=0.78). Similar results were found for cardiac-related death. Of covariates, increased age, CRT, appropriate shocks were positively related to death. Negative affect in general was related to mortality, but reduced positive affect was not. Depression, particularly its somatic symptoms, was also related to mortality, while cognitive-affective symptoms were not. Future research may further focus on the differential predictive value of emotional distress factors, as well as on mechanisms that relate emotional distress factors to mortality. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  18. Sustaining cyborgs: sensing and tuning agencies of pacemakers and implantable cardioverter defibrillators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oudshoorn, Nelly

    2015-02-01

    Recently there has been a renewed interest in cyborgs, and particularly in new and emerging fusions of humans and technologies related to the development of human enhancement technologies. These studies reflect a trend to follow new and emerging technologies. In this article, I argue that it is important to study 'older' and more familiar cyborgs as well. Studying 'the old' is important because it enables us to recognize hybrids' embodied experiences. This article addresses two of these older hybrids: pacemakers and implantable cardioverter defibrillators inserted in the bodies of people suffering from heart-rhythm disturbances. My concern with hybrid bodies is that internal devices seem to present a complex and neglected case if we wish to understand human agency. Their 'users' seem to be passive because they cannot exert any direct control over the working of their devices. Technologies inside bodies challenge a longstanding tradition of theorizing human-technology relations only in terms of technologies external to the body. Cyborg theory is problematic as well because most studies tend to conceptualize the cyborg merely as a discursive entity and silence the voices of people living as cyborgs. Inspired by feminist research that foregrounds the materiality of the lived and intimate relations between bodies and technologies, I argue that creating these intimate relations requires patients' active involvement in sustaining their hybrid bodies. Based on observations of these monitoring practices in a Dutch hospital and interviews with patients and technicians, the article shows that heart cyborgs are far from passive. On the contrary, their unique experience in sensing the entangled agencies of technologies and their own heart plays a crucial role in sustaining their hybrid bodies.

  19. Influence of myopotential interference on the Wavelet discrimination algorithm in implantable cardioverter-defibrillator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mizukami, Kazuya; Yokoshiki, Hisashi; Mitsuyama, Hirofumi; Watanabe, Masaya; Tenma, Taro; Kamada, Rui; Takahashi, Masayuki; Sasaki, Ryo; Maeno, Motoki; Tsutsui, Hiroyuki

    2017-06-01

    Wavelet is a morphology-based algorithm for detecting ventricular tachycardia. The electrogram (EGM) source of the Wavelet algorithm is nominally programmed with the Can-RV coil configuration, which records a far-field ventricular potential. Therefore, it may be influenced by myopotential interference. We performed a retrospective review of 40 outpatients who had an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) with the Wavelet algorithm. The percent-match score of the Wavelet algorithm was measured during the isometric chest press by pressing the palms together. We classified patients with percent-match scores below 70% due to myopotential interference as positive morphology change, and those with 70% or more as negative morphology change. Stored episodes of tachycardia were evaluated during the follow-up. The number of patients in the positive morphology change group was 22 (55%). Amplitude of the Can-RV coil EGM was lower in the positive morphology change group compared to that in the negative group (3.9±1.3 mV vs. 7.4±1.6 mV, P =0.0015). The cut-off value of the Can-RV coil EGM was 5 mV (area under curve, 0.89). Inappropriate detections caused by myopotential interference occurred in two patients (5%) during a mean follow-up period of 49 months, and one of them received an inappropriate ICD shock. These patients had exhibited positive morphology change. The Wavelet algorithm is influenced by myopotential interference when the Can-RV coil EGM is less than 5 mV.

  20. Maximizing survival benefit with primary prevention implantable cardioverter-defibrillator therapy in a heart failure population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levy, Wayne C; Lee, Kerry L; Hellkamp, Anne S; Poole, Jeanne E; Mozaffarian, Dariush; Linker, David T; Maggioni, Aldo P; Anand, Inder; Poole-Wilson, Philip A; Fishbein, Daniel P; Johnson, George; Anderson, Jill; Mark, Daniel B; Bardy, Gust H

    2009-09-08

    Although implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) therapy reduces mortality in moderately symptomatic heart failure patients with an ejection fraction benefits of ICD treatment in the primary prevention Sudden Cardiac Death in Heart Failure Trial (SCD-HeFT). In the placebo arm, predicted 4-year mortality grouped into 5 equal-sized risk groups varied from 12% to 50% (c statistic=0.71), whereas the proportion of SCD in those same risk groups decreased from 52% to 24% of all deaths. ICD treatment decreased relative risk of SCD by 88% in the lowest-risk group versus 24% in the highest-risk group (P=0.009 for interaction) and decreased relative risk of total mortality by 54% in the lowest-risk group versus no benefit (2%) in the highest-risk group (P=0.014 for interaction). Absolute 4-year mortality reductions were 6.6%, 8.8%, 10.6%, 14.0%, and -4.9% across risk quintiles. In highest-risk patients (predicted annual mortality >20%), no benefit of ICD treatment was seen. Projected over each patient's predicted lifespan, ICD treatment added 6.3, 4.1, 3.0, 1.9, and 0.2 additional years of life in the lowest- to highest-risk groups, respectively. A clinical risk prediction model identified subsets of moderately symptomatic heart failure patients in SCD-HeFT in whom single-lead ICD therapy was of no benefit and other subsets in which benefit was substantial.

  1. Adherence to an Aerobic Exercise Intervention after an Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICD).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dougherty, Cynthia M; Luttrell, Matilda N; Burr, Robert L; Kim, Misun; Haskell, William L

    2016-02-01

    Exercise adherence is an important element in achieving important exercise outcomes. The purpose of this study was to describe adherence in a home-based aerobic exercise program following an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD), determine effects of adherence on peakVO2 , and outline reasons for nonadherence. A single-blind randomized control trial of home walking compared to usual care in 160 patients with an ICD for primary or secondary prevention was conducted. This report is on adherence in the exercise arm (N = 84). Home walking exercise consisted of 8 weeks of aerobic conditioning (60 minutes/day, 5 days/week) followed by 16 weeks of aerobic maintenance (150 minutes/week, 30 minutes/session) at 60-80% of heart rate reserve. Adherence was tracked using Polar heart rate (HR) monitors, pedometers, home exercise logs, and telephone follow-up. Adherence was defined as performing at least 80% of prescribed exercise. For aerobic conditioning, there was a mean frequency of 3.81 walks/week, duration of 1,873 minutes walked, and 17.5% of exercise was in the target HR (THR) zone. For aerobic maintenance, there was a mean frequency of 2.4 walks/week, duration of 1,872 minutes/walked, and 8.7% of exercise was in the THR zone. Those who were 80% adherent achieved a 3.4 mL/kg/min (P = 0.03) improvement in peakVO2 over those who were exercise ranged from scheduling issues to viral illness and fatigue. Adherence to aerobic exercise frequency and duration was high with few dropouts, resulting in higher peakVO2 . Exercise monitoring equipment encouraged adherence and conferred a sense of safety to exercise. ©2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  2. Patients' attitudes and perceptions of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators: potential barriers to appropriate primary prophylaxis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuhas, Jennifer; Mattocks, Kristin; Gravelin, Laura; Remetz, Michael; Foley, John; Fazio, Richard; Lampert, Rachel

    2012-10-01

    Primary prophylaxis with implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) improves mortality in patients at risk for sudden cardiac death (SCD). However, ICDs are highly underutilized. We explored patients' attitudes and perceptions of ICDs to better understand potential patient-related barriers to appropriate utilization. Records of patients visiting three outpatient cardiology clinics (June 2009-January 2010) were reviewed and 133 with ejection fractions ≤35% and without an ICD were identified. Seventy-two met criteria for ICD placement. Twenty-five consented and were interviewed by telephone using a semistructured open-ended interview guide. Twelve individuals had accepted ICD referral, and 13 had declined. We analyzed transcripts of ICD refusers and acceptors using the constant comparative method of grounded theory. Five major themes emerged: (1) Patients who refused ICD referral demonstrated a lack of insight into their own risk potential. (2) Many patients who accepted ICD referral perceived that this was strongly recommended by their physicians, although many patients refusing did not. (3) Concerns over recall, malfunction, and surgical risk were common in both. (4) Many patients demonstrated inaccurate perceptions of ICD-related risks and lifestyle changes. Acceptors often reported these perceptions being addressed by their physician. (5) Feelings regarding invasive life-prolonging interventions played an important role in ICD referral refusal for some individuals. Refusal of ICD is common among primary prevention candidates. Common themes in the decision-making process include insight into personal risk of SCD, and perceived strength of the physician recommendation. Providers may want to consider assessment of patients' individual understanding and perceptions when discussing ICD prophylaxis. ©2012, The Authors. Journal compilation ©2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  3. Inappropriate implantable cardioverter defibrillator shocks-incidence, effect, and implications for driver licensing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watanabe, Eiichi; Okajima, Katsunori; Shimane, Akira; Ozawa, Tomoya; Manaka, Tetsuyuki; Morishima, Itsuro; Asai, Toru; Takagi, Masahiko; Honda, Toshihiro; Kasai, Atsunobu; Fujii, Eitaro; Yamashiro, Kohei; Kohno, Ritsuko; Abe, Haruhiko; Noda, Takashi; Kurita, Takashi; Watanabe, Shigeyuki; Ohmori, Hiroya; Nitta, Takashi; Aizawa, Yoshifusa; Kiyono, Ken; Okumura, Ken

    2017-09-01

    Patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) have an ongoing risk of sudden incapacitation that may cause traffic accidents. However, there are limited data on the magnitude of this risk after inappropriate ICD therapies. We studied the rate of syncope associated with inappropriate ICD therapies to provide a scientific basis for formulating driving restrictions. Inappropriate ICD therapy event data between 1997 and 2014 from 50 Japanese institutions were analyzed retrospectively. The annual risk of harm (RH) to others posed by a driver with an ICD was calculated for private driving habits. We used a commonly employed annual RH to others of 5 in 100,000 (0.005%) as an acceptable risk threshold. Of the 4089 patients, 772 inappropriate ICD therapies occurred in 417 patients (age 61 ± 15 years, 74% male, and 65% secondary prevention). Patients experiencing inappropriate therapies had a mean number of 1.8 ± 1.5 therapy episodes during a median follow-up period of 3.9 years. No significant differences were found in the age, sex, or number of inappropriate therapies between patients receiving ICDs for primary or secondary prevention. Only three patients (0.7%) experienced syncope associated with inappropriate therapies. The maximum annual RH to others after the first therapy in primary and secondary prevention patients was calculated to be 0.11 in 100,000 and 0.12 in 100,000, respectively. We found that the annual RH from driving was far below the commonly cited acceptable risk threshold. Our data provide useful information to supplement current recommendations on driving restrictions in ICD patients with private driving habits.

  4. Digoxin Is Associated With Increased Shock Events and Electrical Storms in Patients With Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mina, George S; Acharya, Madan; Shepherd, Taylor; Gobrial, George; Tekeste, Michael; Watti, Hussam; Bhandari, Ruchi; Saini, Aditya; Reddy, Pratap; Dominic, Paari

    2018-03-01

    Recently, digoxin use has been found to associate with higher mortality. Yet, potential mechanisms by which digoxin use increases mortality remain unclear. Increased arrhythmogenicity from digoxin use is one possibility. Thus, we aimed to evaluate the relation between digoxin and shock events in patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs). We performed a retrospective chart review of all patients with ICDs and at least 1 device interrogation at our institution between January 1, 2012, and January 1, 2015. We aimed to cover 1 year of interrogation period. Patients with heart failure, atrial fibrillation, or both were included in the analysis. Patients were divided into 2 groups based on digoxin use, defined as use of digoxin for any period of time during ICD interrogation period. Incidence of ICD shock events and electrical storms and hospitalizations were compared between the 2 groups. The study included 202 patients. Of those, 55 patients were on digoxin and 147 were not on digoxin. Patients on digoxin were more likely to receive ICD shocks (odds ratio [OR] = 2.5, 95% confidence interval [95% CI] = 1.01-6.18, P = .04) and have increased risk of electrical storms ( P = .02). Moreover, total hospitalizations were higher in digoxin users ( P = .02). Multivariate logistic regression analysis also showed that digoxin use was an independent predictor of shock events (OR = 4.07, 95% CI = 1.43-11.58, P = .009). Digoxin is associated with increased shock events and electrical storms in patients with ICDs; however, large randomized controlled studies are needed to confirm our findings.

  5. Implantable cardioverter-defibrillators for primary prevention of sudden cardiac death in patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction: 14 years after MADIT.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Franqui-Rivera, Hilton; Sotomonte, Juan C

    2011-06-01

    Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is the most common cause of death among patients with heart failure and left ventricular systolic dysfunction. Implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) have been shown to be the single most effective therapy for primary prevention of SCD in patients with heart failure. The superiority of this therapy was clearly established for patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy by large clinical trials, such as the Multicenter Automatic Defibrillator Implantation Trial (MADIT), Multicenter Unsustained Tachycardia Trial (MUSTT), and MADIT-II studies. On the other hand, there was much debate on whether these results could be extrapolated for patients with non-ischemic cardiomyopathy until the Sudden Cardiac Death in Heart Failure Trial (SCD-HeFT) demonstrated a significant benefit of this therapy. Given the high costs of this therapy and the limited resources allocated to health care multiple studies have attempted to identify patients at higher risk of suffering SCD, who in theory will benefit the most out of this therapy. However, these studies have not established a reliable way to predict which patients will receive a direct survival benefit from ICD therapy. Until we are capable of further defining which patients will derive the absolute highest benefit from an ICD, we must rely on the information available from published trials and adhere to current clinical practice guidelines regarding this pressing issue.

  6. Presence of obesity is associated with lower mortality in elderly patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jahangir, A; Mirza, M; Shahreyar, M; Mengesha, T; Shearer, R; Sultan, S; Jahangir, A; Choudhuri, I; Nangia, V; Dhala, A; Bhatia, A; Niazi, I; Sra, J; Tajik, A J

    2018-02-01

    Higher body mass index (BMI) is associated with greater prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors, yet an inverse relationship between obesity and survival after cardiovascular events has been described. It is unclear whether a similar relationship exists for patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) at high risk for mortality. We aimed to assess the impact of BMI on mortality and cardiovascular hospitalization in patients with ICD. Patients who underwent ICD implantation in 2010-2011 were divided into normal (<25 kg m - 2 ), overweight (25-29.9 kg m - 2 ) and obese (⩾30 kg m - 2 ) groups based on BMI. Clinical parameters were compared and long-term outcomes were determined using χ 2 test, Wilcoxon's rank-sum test, logistic regression models and Kaplan-Meier curves. Of 904 patients (mean age 67±13 years), 26% had normal BMI, 32% were overweight and 42% were obese. No significant baseline differences in ventricular ejection fraction, ICD for primary or secondary prevention, history of heart failure, syncope or cardiac arrest existed. Despite a greater prevalence of diabetes, hypertension and prior myocardial infarction, the obese and overweight groups had lower mortality (10.1% and 7.9%, respectively) than the normal group (22.9%, P<0.001). On multivariate logistic regression, BMI in the obese and overweight range (odds ratio (OR): 0.35; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.21-0.58 and OR: 0.25; 95% CI: 0.13-0.40, respectively) was protective against mortality, whereas history of diabetes (OR: 2.01; 95% CI: 1.30-3.09), myocardial infarction (OR: 1.76; 95% CI: 1.11-2.80), heart failure (OR: 3.88; 95% CI: 1.56-9.66), stroke (OR: 3.19; 95% CI: 1.63-6.23) and history of cardiac arrest (OR: 2.65; 95% CI: 1.37-5.15) were independent risk factors for higher mortality. A paradoxical relationship between BMI and mortality risk is present in elderly patients with ICD at high risk of sudden death with a lower mortality in obese or overweight

  7. Comparison of clinical benefits and outcome in patients with programmable and nonprogrammable implantable cardioverter defibrillators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mehta, D; Saksena, S; Krol, R B; Makhija, V

    1992-09-01

    Technological advances in implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) have provided a variety of programmable parameters and antitachycardia therapies whose utility and impact on clinical outcome is presently unknown. ICDs have capabilities for cardioversion defibrillation alone (first generation ICDs), or in conjunction with demand ventricular pacing (second generation ICDs), or with demand pacing and antitachycardia pacing (third generation ICDs). We examined the pattern of antitachycardia therapy use and long-term survival in 110 patients with sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT) or ventricular fibrillation (VF). Group I included 62 patients with nonprogrammable first generation ICDs that delivered committed shock therapy after ventricular tachyarrhythmia detection based on electrogram rate and/or morphology was satisfied. Group II included 48 patients with multiprogrammable ICDs (including second and third generation ICDs) that had programmable tachyarrhythmia detection based on rate and tachycardia confirmation prior to delivery of electrical treatment with either programmable shocks and/or, as in the third generation ICDs, antitachycardia pacing. Incidence and patterns of antitachycardia therapy use and long-term survival were compared in the two groups. The incidence of appropriate shocks in patients who completed 1 year of follow-up was significantly greater in group I (30 of 43 patients = 70% vs 11 of 26 patients = 42%; P less than 0.05). In the total follow-up period, a significantly larger proportion of group I patients as compared to group II patients used the shock therapies (46 of 62 patients = 74% vs 25 of 48 patients = 52%; P less than 0.01), with the majority doing so within the first year of implantation (96% and 92%, respectively). Although the frequency of antitachycardia therapy activation was similar, the number of shocks delivered per patient was lower in group II, particularly in the initial 3 months of follow-up (P = 0.06). No clinical

  8. Remote monitoring and follow-up of cardiovascular implantable electronic devices in the Netherlands An expert consensus report of the Netherlands Society of Cardiology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Cock, C. C.; Elders, J.; van Hemel, N. M.; van den Broek, K.; van Erven, L.; de Mol, B.; Talmon, J.; Theuns, D. A. M. J.; de Voogt, W.

    2012-01-01

    Remote monitoring of cardiac implanted electronic devices (CIED: pacemaker, cardiac resynchronisation therapy device and implantable cardioverter defibrillator) has been developed for technical control and follow-up using transtelephonic data transmission. In addition, automatic or patient-triggered

  9. Comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation improves outcome for patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillator. Findings from the COPE-ICD randomised clinical trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kikkenborg Berg, Selina; Pedersen, Preben Ulrich; Zwisler, Ann-Dorthe

    2015-01-01

    Aims:The aim of this randomised clinical trial was to assess a comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation intervention including exercise training and psycho-education vs 'treatment as usual' in patients treated with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD).Methods:In this study 196 patients...... with first time ICD implantation (mean age 57.2 (standard deviation (SD)=13.2); 79% men) were randomised (1:1) to comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation vs 'treatment as usual'. Altogether 144 participants completed the 12 month follow-up. The intervention consisted of twelve weeks of exercise training and one...... year of psycho-educational follow-up focusing on modifiable factors associated with poor outcomes. Two primary outcomes, general health score (Short Form-36 (SF-36)) and peak oxygen uptake (VO2), were used. Post-hoc analyses included SF-36 and ICD therapy history.Results:Comprehensive cardiac...

  10. Inverse Relation between Condition of Heart Failure and Intrathoracic Impedance Measured by Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator—A case report—

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kohei Matsushita, MD

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The patient was a 78-year-old man with dilated cardiomyopathy. His cardio-thoracic ratio was 60.4% and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF was 33%. He had been repeatedly admitted for congestive heart failure. He underwent implantation of an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD for ventricular fibrillation. We compared the values of BNP and shock impedance stored by the ICD. The correlation coefficient (p-value between BNP and shock impedance was −0.700 (p < 0.0005, increase of BNP and shock impedance was −0.778 (p < 0.0001, percent increase of BNP and shock impedance was −0.767 (p < 0.0005. In conclusion, there is an inverse relation between BNP and shock impedance, and measurements of shock impedance may be useful in the management of congestive heart failure.

  11. The distressed (Type D) personality in both patients and partners enhances the risk of emotional distress in patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    van den Broek, Krista C; Versteeg, Henneke; Erdman, Ruud A M

    2011-01-01

    A subgroup of patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) experiences emotional distress. This may be related to partner factors. We examined the impact of the personality of the partner (i.e., the distressed (Type D) personality) in combination with that of the patient on anxiety...

  12. The association between biventricular pacing and cardiac resynchronization therapy-defibrillator efficacy when compared with implantable cardioverter defibrillator on outcomes and reverse remodelling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ruwald, Anne-Christine; Kutyifa, Valentina; Ruwald, Martin H

    2015-01-01

    AIMS: Previous studies on biventricular (BIV) pacing and cardiac resynchronization therapy-defibrillator (CRT-D) efficacy have used arbitrarily chosen BIV pacing percentages, and no study has employed implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) patients as a control group. METHODS AND RESULTS...

  13. Serum-Based Oxylipins Are Associated with Outcomes in Primary Prevention Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator Patients.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yiyi Zhang

    Full Text Available Individuals with systolic heart failure are at risk of ventricular arrhythmias and all-cause mortality. Little is known regarding the mechanisms underlying these events. We sought to better understand if oxylipins, a diverse class of lipid metabolites derived from the oxidation of polyunsaturated fatty acids, were associated with these outcomes in recipients of primary prevention implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs.Among 479 individuals from the PROSE-ICD study, baseline serum were analyzed and quantitatively profiled for 35 known biologically relevant oxylipin metabolites. Associations with ICD shocks for ventricular arrhythmias and all-cause mortality were evaluated using Cox proportional hazards models.Six oxylipins, 17,18-DiHETE (HR = 0.83, 95% CI 0.70 to 0.99 per SD change in oxylipin level, 19,20-DiHDPA (HR = 0.79, 95% CI 0.63 to 0.98, 5,6-DiHETrE (HR = 0.73, 95% CI 0.58 to 0.91, 8,9-DiHETrE (HR = 0.76, 95% CI 0.62 to 0.95, 9,10-DiHOME (HR = 0.81, 95% CI 0.65 to 1.00, and PGF1α (HR = 1.33, 95% CI 1.04 to 1.71 were associated with the risk of appropriate ICD shock after multivariate adjustment for clinical factors. Additionally, 4 oxylipin-to-precursor ratios, 15S-HEPE / FA (20:5-ω3, 17,18-DiHETE / FA (20:5-ω3, 19,20-DiHDPA / FA (20:5-ω3, and 5S-HEPE / FA (20:5-ω3 were positively associated with the risk of all-cause mortality.In a prospective cohort of patients with primary prevention ICDs, we identified several novel oxylipin markers that were associated with appropriate shock and mortality using metabolic profiling techniques. These findings may provide new insight into the potential biologic pathways leading to adverse events in this patient population.

  14. Electrocardiographic Markers of Appropriate Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator Therapy in Young People with Congenital Heart Diseases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benítez Ramos, Dunia Bárbara; Cabrera Ortega, Michel; Castro Hevia, Jesús; Dorantes Sánchez, Margarita; Alemán Fernández, Ailema Amelia; Castañeda Chirino, Osmin; Cruz Cardentey, Marlenis; Martínez López, Frank; Falcón Rodríguez, Roylan

    2017-12-01

    Implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) are increasingly utilized in patients with congenital heart disease (CHD). Prediction of the occurrence of shocks is important if improved patient selection is desired. The electrocardiogram (ECG) has been the first-line tool predicting the risk of sudden death, but data in CHD patients are lacking. We aim to evaluate the predictive value of electrocardiographic markers of appropriate therapy of ICD in young people with CHD. We conducted a prospective, longitudinal study, in twenty-six CHD patients (mean age 24.7 ± 5.3 years) who underwent first ICD implantation. Forty-two age- and diagnosis-matched controls were recruited. Twelve-lead ECG and 24 h Holter analysis were performed during a mean follow-up of 38.9 months. Data included heart rate, heart rate variability, QRS duration (QRSd), QTc interval and its dispersion, Tpeak-Tend (Tp-Te) interval and its dispersion, presence of fragmented QRS (fQRS), T wave alternans, atrial arrhythmias, and non-sustained ventricular tachycardia. Implant indication was primary prevention in ten cases (38.5%) and secondary prevention in 16 (61.5%). Overall, 17 subjects (65.3%) received at least one appropriate and effective ICD discharge. fQRS was present in 64.7% of cases with ICD therapy compared with patients without events or controls (p < 0.0001). Tp-e and Tp-e dispersion were significantly prolonged in patients with recurrences (113.5 and 37.2 ms) versus patients without ICD discharge (89.6 and 24.1 ms) or controls (72.4 and 19.3 ms) (p < 0.0001 and p < 0.0001, respectively). On univariate Cox regression analysis QRSd (hazard ratio: 1.19 per ms, p = 0.003), QTc dispersion (hazard ratio: 1.57 per ms, p = 0.002), fQRS (hazard ratio: 3.58 p < 0.0001), Tp-e (hazard ratio: 2.27 per ms, p < 0.0001), and Tp-e dispersion (hazard ratio: 4.15 per ms, p < 0.0001), emerged as strong predictors of outcome. On multivariate Cox analysis fQRS, Tp-e and Tp-e dispersion

  15. Factors associated with health-related quality of life among patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillator: identification of foci for nursing intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Florence Mei Fung; Sit, Janet Wing Hung; Wong, Eliza Mi Ling; Choi, Kai Chow

    2014-12-01

    To explore factors associated with health-related quality of life of patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators. Substantial evidence indicates that implantable cardioverter defibrillator is proven to increase survival rate by terminating life-threatening arrhythmia. However, this device can negatively affect health-related quality of life. Little is known about factors associated with health-related quality of life of patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators, particularly in Asian population. A transversal descriptive design was used. Data were collected from a convenience sample of 139 adult patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators from 4 January-30 April 2012 using the structured questionnaires administered by the researcher and medical record reviews. The Short Form-36 Health Survey version 2 was used to measure health-related quality of life. A total of 139 Chinese patients, including 107 (77·0%) males with a mean age of 63·0 (14·6) years, were selected. The physical component summary was relatively lower, whereas the mental component summary was relatively higher than that of the general Hong Kong Chinese population. Multivariable regression analysis revealed gender, self-care dependence, educational level, atrial fibrillation, diabetes mellitus, anxiety and depression significantly associated with physical or mental quality of life. Depression was a common factor affecting physical and mental quality of life. Self-care dependence, atrial fibrillation, diabetes mellitus, depression and anxiety could be improved. Our findings expand existing knowledge on identifying at-risk patients for having lower quality of life, thus allowing development of appropriate interventions targeting risk factors for improving health-related quality of life of patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillator. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  16. Implantable cardioverter defibrillator therapy in pediatric and congenital heart disease patients: a single tertiary center experience in Korea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bo Kyung Jin

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The use of implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs to prevent sudden cardiac death is increasing in children and adolescents. This study investigated the use of ICDs in children with congenital heart disease. Methods: This retrospective study was conducted on the clinical characteristics and effectiveness of ICD implantation at the department of pediatrics of a single tertiary center between 2007 and 2011. Results: Fifteen patients underwent ICD implantation. Their mean age at the time of implantation was 14.5±5.4 years (range, 2 to 22 years. The follow-up duration was 28.9±20.4 months. The cause of ICD implantation was cardiac arrest in 7, sustained ventricular tachycardia in 6, and syncope in 2 patients. The underlying disorders were as follows: ionic channelopathy in 6 patients (long QT type 3 in 4, catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia [CPVT] in 1, and J wave syndrome in 1, cardiomyopathy in 5 patients, and postoperative congenital heart disease in 4 patients. ICD coils were implanted in the pericardial space in 2 children (ages 2 and 6 years. Five patients received appropriate ICD shock therapy, and 2 patients received inappropriate shocks due to supraventricular tachycardia.During follow-up, 2 patients required lead dysfunction-related revision. One patient with CPVT suffered from an ICD storm that was resolved using sympathetic denervation surgery. Conclusion: The overall ICD outcome was acceptable in most pediatric patients. Early diagnosis and timely ICD implantation are recommended for preventing sudden death in high-risk children and patients with congenital heart disease.

  17. Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator Therapy in Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Dysplasia/Cardiomyopathy: Predictors of Appropriate Therapy, Outcomes, and Complications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orgeron, Gabriela M; James, Cynthia A; Te Riele, Anneline; Tichnell, Crystal; Murray, Brittney; Bhonsale, Aditya; Kamel, Ihab R; Zimmerman, Stephan L; Judge, Daniel P; Crosson, Jane; Tandri, Harikrishna; Calkins, Hugh

    2017-06-06

    Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy is characterized by ventricular arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death. Once the diagnosis is established, risk stratification to determine whether implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) placement is warranted is critical. The cohort included 312 patients (163 men, age at presentation 33.6±13.9 years) with definite arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy who received an ICD. Over 8.8±7.33 years, 186 participants (60%) had appropriate ICD therapy and 58 (19%) had an intervention for ventricular fibrillation/flutter. Ventricular tachycardia at presentation (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.86; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.38-2.49; P right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy. © 2017 The Authors. Published on behalf of the American Heart Association, Inc., by Wiley.

  18. The Screen-ICD trial. Screening for anxiety and cognitive therapy intervention for patients with implanted cardioverter defibrillator (ICD)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berg, Selina Kikkenborg; Herning, Margrethe; Svendsen, Jesper Hastrup

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Previous research shows that patients with an implanted cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) have a fourfold increased mortality risk when suffering from anxiety compared with ICD patients without anxiety. This research supports the screening of ICD patients for anxiety with the purpose...... of starting relevant intervention. Methods and analysis: Screen-ICD consists of 3 parts: (1) screening of all hospitalised and outpatient patients at two university hospitals using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), scores ≥8 are invited to participate. (2) Assessment of type of anxiety...... patients must give informed consent prior to participation and the trial is initiated after approval by the Danish Data Protection Agency (RH-2015-282) and the regional ethics committee (H-16018868). Positive, neutral and negative results of the trial will be published. Trial registration number: NCT...

  19. Embodying a New Meaning of Being At Risk: Living With an Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator for Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Cardiomyopathy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manuel, April; Brunger, Fern

    2016-01-01

    Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Cardiomyopathy/Dysplasia (ARVC/D) is a genetic condition that can cause fatal arrhythmias. The implantable cardioverter defibrillation (ICD) is a primary treatment for ARVC/D. Using a grounded theory approach, this study examines the experiences of 15 individuals living with an ICD. The ability to cope with and adjust to having an ICD is influenced by the acceptance of the ICD as something needed to survive, an understanding of the ICD's function, existing support networks, and ones' ability to manage everyday challenges. Coping well requires reshaping ideas about the meaning of being at risk and understanding how the ICD fits into that changing personal risk narrative. A thorough understanding of the unique needs of individuals with ARVC/D and of the specific factors contributing to the psychosocial distress related to having an ICD (vs. having the disease itself) is needed. Nurses must be prepared to provide ongoing support and education to this population.

  20. Embodied Revelation: A Classic Grounded Theory of Heart Failure Patient Decision Making Surrounding Primary Prevention Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator Therapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vera Barton-Caro Ph.D.,

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this classic grounded theory study was to explain the complex decision making process of heart failure (HF patients considering primary prevention implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD therapy. Sudden cardiac death (SCD is the leading cause of death for people with HF as well as the primary cause of death in the United States (US. ICDs represent the standard of care as the only effective therapy for primary prevention of SCD. However, a significant proportion of qualifying HF patients declines this invasive, yet life-saving device. The grounded theory is of Embodied revelation. The threat of SCD for ICD candidates consists of four stages: living in conscious denial, heightening of awareness, sanctioning ICD therapy, and living in new assurance. The first stage ends abruptly with the critical juncture of grasping the threat of SCD. This grounded theory has implications for research, nursing and medical practice, as well as bioethical considerations.

  1. Efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy in reducing psychiatric symptoms in patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillator: an integrative review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maia, A C C O; Braga, A A; Soares-Filho, G; Pereira, V; Nardi, A E; Silva, A C

    2014-04-01

    This article is a systematic review of the available literature on the benefits that cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) offers patients with implanted cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) and confirms its effectiveness. After receiving the device, some patients fear that it will malfunction, or they remain in a constant state of tension due to sudden electrical discharges and develop symptoms of anxiety and depression. A search with the key words "anxiety", "depression", "implantable cardioverter", "cognitive behavioral therapy" and "psychotherapy" was carried out. The search was conducted in early January 2013. Sources for the search were ISI Web of Knowledge, PubMed, and PsycINFO. A total of 224 articles were retrieved: 155 from PubMed, 69 from ISI Web of Knowledge. Of these, 16 were written in a foreign language and 47 were duplicates, leaving 161 references for analysis of the abstracts. A total of 19 articles were eliminated after analysis of the abstracts, 13 were eliminated after full-text reading, and 11 articles were selected for the review. The collection of articles for literature review covered studies conducted over a period of 13 years (1998-2011), and, according to methodological design, there were 1 cross-sectional study, 1 prospective observational study, 2 clinical trials, 4 case-control studies, and 3 case studies. The criterion used for selection of the 11 articles was the effectiveness of the intervention of CBT to decrease anxiety and depression in patients with ICD, expressed as a ratio. The research indicated that CBT has been effective in the treatment of ICD patients with depressive and anxiety symptoms. Research also showed that young women represented a risk group, for which further study is needed. Because the number of references on this theme was small, further studies should be carried out.

  2. Determining the risks of magnetic resonance imaging at 1.5 tesla for patients with pacemakers and implantable cardioverter defibrillators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, Jennifer D; Costa, Heather S; Russo, Robert J

    2012-12-01

    Conventional pacemaker and implantable cardioverter-defibrillator product labeling currently cautions against exposure to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). However, there is a growing clinical need for MRI, without an acceptable alternative imaging modality in many patients with cardiac devices. The purpose of this study was to determine the risk of MRI at 1.5 T for patients with cardiac devices by measuring the frequency of device failures and clinically relevant device parameter changes. Data from a single-center retrospective review of 109 patients with pacemakers and implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (the MRI group) who underwent 125 clinically indicated MRI studies were compared to data from a prospective cohort of 50 patients with cardiac devices who did not undergo MRI (the control group). In the MRI group, there were no deaths, device failures requiring generator or lead replacement, induced arrhythmias, losses of capture, or electrical reset episodes. Decreases in battery voltage of ≥0.04 V occurred in 4%, pacing threshold increases of ≥0.5 V in 3%, and pacing lead impedance changes of ≥50 Ω in 6%. Although there were statistically significant differences between the MRI and control groups for the mean change in pacing lead impedance (-6.2 ± 23.9 vs 3.0 ± 22.1 Ω) and left ventricular pacing threshold (-0.1 ± 0.3 vs 0.1 ± 0.2 V), these differences were not clinically important. In conclusion, MRI in patients with cardiac devices resulted in no device or lead failures. A small number of clinically relevant changes in device parameter measurements were noted. However, these changes were similar to those in a control group of patients who did not undergo MRI. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Physical Activity in Primary Versus Secondary Prevention Indication Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator Recipients 6–12 Months After Implantation – A Cross-Sectional Study With Register Follow Up

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berg, Selina Kikkenborg; Thygesen, Lau Caspar; Svendsen, Jesper Hastrup

    2015-01-01

    and biventricular ICD (N=499). INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Questions regarding physical activity and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire-Short Form were used to assess physical activity. RESULTS: The response rate was 71.7%. The mean age of participants was 65.5 years......OBJECTIVES: To describe physical activity status among patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) according to the indication for ICD implant compared with international guidelines and compared with a matched healthy reference population to detect potential for improved physical...... outcomes; to describe patients' beliefs regarding participation in physical exercise by ICD indication; to describe factors predicting low physical activity; and to describe physical activity as a predictor of mortality. DESIGN: National survey with register follow-up. Comparisons were made to a matched...

  4. Variation among hospitals in selection of higher-cost, "higher-tech," implantable cardioverter-defibrillators: data from the National Cardiovascular Data Registry (NCDR) Implantable Cardioverter/Defibrillator (ICD) Registry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lampert, Rachel; Wang, Yongfei; Curtis, Jeptha P

    2013-06-01

    New implantable cardioverter/defibrillator (ICD) models are regularly introduced, incorporating technological advantages. The purpose of this study was to determine factors associated with use of a newer, higher-tech/higher-cost device, as opposed to a previously released device, among patients undergoing ICD implantation. We analyzed the 78,494 cases receiving new ICD implants submitted by 978 hospitals to the NCDR ICD Registry between January 2005 and June 2007. Devices were categorized as "previously released" 3 months after a new model from the same manufacturer was released. A nonparsimonious model including all demographic, clinical, provider, and hospital characteristics was created using logistic regression to predict use of a previously released device. Overall, 36% of implants involved previously released devices. However, no demographic (race, gender, payor status), clinical, or provider characteristics had a meaningful impact on use of previously released devices. The model C-statistic was 0.602, suggesting that measured characteristics had a limited ability to differentiate those receiving a previously released device. However, individual hospitals varied greatly in use of "previously released" devices, from 3% in the lowest decile to 91% in the top decile. Among physicians implanting at >1 hospital, there was minimal correlation between use of previously released devices between hospitals, suggesting hospital policies or culture, rather than physician preference, drives the large interhospital variation seen. The use of "previously released" devices is influenced minimally by measured patient or provider characteristics. Rather, the main determinant of whether patients receive the newest, versus a previously released device, appears to be practice patterns at individual hospitals. Copyright © 2013 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. 12. Physicians’ knowledge and attitudes in Saudi Arabia regarding implantable cardioverter-defibrillators and cardiac resynchronization therapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Aljasser

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Information is limited regarding the knowledge and attitudes of physicians in Saudi Arabia involved in the referral of patients for implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD and cardiac resynchronization and defibrillation therapy (CRT-D devices implantation. As such knowledge is the key to provide the patient with an important treatment, we aimed for its assessment. We conducted personal interviews with physicians involved in treating patients with heart failure. We included all hospitals in Riyadh region that has no cardiac electrophysiology service. Every participant was met in person and received an oral questionnaire that aims to assess basic knowledge about ICD and CRT.63 physicians were met from 13 hospitals (14 consultants and 49 specialist. 41% of participants use ⩽35% as the LVEF criterion for ICD referral in patients with cardiomyopathy. 30% of participants use ⩽35% as the LVEF criterion for CRT referral. 24% of participants were not aware about CRT as a therapy for patients with heart failure. 50% of the consultants use ⩽35% for ICD and CRT referral. 70% of the participants think that ICD may improve heart failure symptoms. 45% of participants who were about CRT do not think that CRT-D may prevent sudden death due to arrhythmia.There is a lack of knowledge with current clinical guidelines regarding ICD and CRT implantation. This finding highlights the need to improve the dissemination of guidelines to practitioners involved in managing patients with heart failure in an effort to improve ICD and CRT utilization.

  6. Implantable cardioverter defibrillator therapy in paediatric practice: a single-centre UK experience with focus on subcutaneous defibrillation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griksaitis, Michael J; Rosengarten, James A; Gnanapragasam, James P; Haw, Marcus P; Morgan, John M

    2013-04-01

    Sudden cardiac death (SCD) risk can be managed by implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD). Defibrillation shocks can be delivered via ICD generator and/or intracardiac or subcutaneous coil configurations. We present our single-centre use of childhood ICDs. Twenty-three patients had ICD implantation, with median age and weight of 12.96 years and 41.35 kg. Indications included eight long QT; four hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; three Brugada syndrome; two idiopathic ventricular fibrillation; two post-congenital heart repair; two family history of SCD with abnormal repolarization; one catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia; and one left ventricle non-compaction. Twelve had out of hospital cardiac arrests prior to implantation. Techniques included 13 conventional ICD implants (pre-pectoral device with endocardial leads), 7 with subcutaneous defibrillation coils (sensing via epicardial or endocardial leads tunnelled to the ICD), and 3 with exclusive subcutaneous ICD (sensing and defibrillation via the same subcutaneous lead). Satisfactory defibrillation efficacy and ventricular arrhythmia sensing was confirmed at implantation. Follow-up ranged from 0.17 to 11.08 years. One child died with the ICD in situ. Ten children received appropriate shocks; five on more than one occasion. Five received inappropriate shocks (for inappropriate recognition of sinus tachycardia or supraventricular tachycardia). Five children underwent six further interventions; all had intracardiac leads. Innovative shock delivery systems can be used in children requiring an ICD. The insertion technique and device used need to accommodate the age and weight of the child, and concomitant need for pacing therapy. We have demonstrated effective defibrillation with shocks delivered via configurations employing subcutaneous coils in children.

  7. Psychometric analysis of the Patient Health Questionnaire in Danish patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (The DEFIB-WOMEN study).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pedersen, Susanne S; Mathiasen, Kim; Christensen, Karl Bang; Makransky, Guido

    2016-11-01

    To assess the psychometric properties of the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), a measure of depressive symptoms, in a large Danish national cohort of patients with heart disease, implanted with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD), using item response theory. A prospective cohort of patients implanted with an ICD (n=1531; 80.4% men) completed the PHQ-9 at the time of implant. Data were analyzed using two item response theory models, the partial credit model and the generalized partial credit model. The analysis showed disordered response thresholds in eight of nine items for the partial credit model and five of nine items for the generalized partial credit model, indicating that respondents have difficulty discriminating between response options. When collapsing response options 2 and 3, the rescored PHQ-9 had a better fit to both models. The unidimensionality and the precision of the rescored PHQ-9 were confirmed. Items did not have any differential functioning (DIF) across educational level, age, indication for ICD implantation, and severity of heart failure that influence depression outcomes in patients with an ICD. One item exhibited DIF by gender. Three items did not fit the partial credit model, but the generalized partial credit model could be fitted to the full item set. The unidimensionality and reliability of the Danish version of the PHQ-9 were confirmed. However, the associated consequences of the number of response options (3-point versus 4-point Likert scale) need to be further examined for the PHQ-9 both as a screening tool and outcome measure. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Unmappable ventricular tachycardia after an old myocardial infarction. Long-term results of substrate modification in patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator

    OpenAIRE

    Alzand, B. S. N.; Timmermans, C. C. M. M.; Wellens, H. J. J.; Dennert, R.; Philippens, S. A. M.; Portegijs, P. J. M.; Rodriguez, LM.

    2011-01-01

    Purpose The frequent occurrence of ventricular tachycardia can create a serious problem in patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator. We assessed the long-term efficacy of catheter-based substrate modification using the voltage mapping technique of infarct-related ventricular tachycardia and recurrent device therapy. Methods The study population consisted of 27 consecutive patients (age 68 ± 8 years, 25 men, mean left ventricular ejection fraction 31 ± 9%) with an old myocardial...

  9. Diabetes Mellitus and Outcomes of Cardiac Resynchronization With Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator Therapy in Older Patients With Heart Failure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Echouffo-Tcheugui, Justin B; Masoudi, Frederick A; Bao, Haikun; Spatz, Erica S; Fonarow, Gregg C

    2016-08-01

    Large-scale data on outcomes with cardiac resynchronization therapy with defibrillator in patients with diabetes mellitus are limited. We compared outcomes after cardiac resynchronization therapy with defibrillator implantation among patients with heart failure who have diabetes mellitus versus those without diabetes mellitus. Survival curves and covariate adjusted hazard ratio (HR) or odds ratio were used to assess the risks for death, readmission, and device-related complications by diabetes mellitus status among 18 428 patients at least 65 years old receiving cardiac resynchronization therapy with defibrillator from the National Cardiovascular Data Registry, implantable cardioverter-defibrillator registry between 2006 and 2009, with up to 3 years of follow-up. Accounting for differences between groups, compared with those without diabetes mellitus (n=11 345), patients with diabetes mellitus (n=7083) had a higher risk of death both at 1 year (HR, 1.16 [95% confidence interval (CI), 1.05-1.29]; P=0.0037) and 3 years (HR, 1.21 [1.14-1.29]; Pdiabetes mellitus (odds ratio: 0.90 [0.77-1.06]; P=0.37). Interactions of age, sex, ischemic cardiomyopathy, renal failure, or QRS duration were not significant. In older patients with heart failure receiving cardiac resynchronization therapy with defibrillator, diabetes mellitus was independently associated with greater risks of death and rehospitalization, but similar risks of procedural complications. © 2016 American Heart Association, Inc.

  10. Failed anti-tachycardia pacing can be used to differentiate atrial arrhythmias from ventricular tachycardia in implantable cardioverter-defibrillators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michael, Kevin A; Enriquez, Andres; Baranchuk, Adrian; Haley, Charlotte; Caldwell, Jane; Simpson, Christopher S; Abdollah, Hoshiar; Redfearn, Damian P

    2015-01-01

    Atrial fibrillation/tachycardia (AF/AT) may result in inappropriate therapies in implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs). The post-pacing interval (PPI) and tachycardia cycle length difference (PPI - TCL) has been previously demonstrated to indicate the proximity of the pacing site to a tachycardia origin. We postulated that the PPI and PPI - TCL would be greater in AT/AF vs. ventricular tachycardia (VT) after episodes of failed anti-tachycardia pacing (ATP). This was a single-centre, retrospective study evaluating consecutive patients implanted with dual (DR)/biventricular (BIV) ICDs. Stored electrograms were used to determine whether the ATP captured the arrhythmia and the arrhythmia did not present with primary or secondary termination. Measurements were done using manual calipers. A total of 155 patients were included. There were 79 BIV and 76 DR devices. In total, 39 episodes were identified in 20 patients over a 23-month follow-up period. A total of 76 sequences of ATP (burst/ramp) were delivered, 28 (37%) of them inappropriate. Fifty-one events (18 AT/AF and 33 VT) were compared. The mean PPI was 693 ± 96 vs. 512 ± 88 ms (P failed ATP differs significantly between AF/AT and VT and are therefore useful indices to discriminate between supraventricular tachycardia and VT in ICDs. Published on behalf of the European Society of Cardiology. All rights reserved. © The Author 2014. For permissions please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  11. Safety Profile of Liver FibroScan in Patients with Cardiac Pacemakers or Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yin Chan

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Emerging evidence suggests that nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD is associated with coronary artery diseases and arrhythmias. The FibroScan (Echosens, France, a widely available, noninvasive device, is able to detect liver fibrosis and steatosis within this patient population. However, the FibroScan is currently contraindicated in patients with cardiac pacemakers (PM or implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICD. Objective. To determine the safety profile of FibroScan testing in patients with PM or ICD. Methods. Consecutive outpatients undergoing routine device interrogations at a tertiary level teaching hospital underwent simultaneous liver stiffness measurements. PM or ICD performance data, device types, patient demographics, medical history, and previous laboratory and conventional liver imaging results were collected. Results. Analysis of 107 subjects with 33 different types of implanted cardiac devices, from 5 different companies (Medtronic, Sorin, ELA Medical, Boston Scientific, and St. Jude, did not demonstrate any adverse events as defined by abnormal device sensing/pacing or ICD firing. This population included high risk subjects undergoing active pacing (n=53 and with right pectoral PM placement (n=1. None of the subjects had any clinical signs of decompensated congestive heart failure or cirrhosis during the exam. Conclusion. TE with FibroScan can be safely performed in patients with PM or ICD.

  12. Relationship between right and left ventricular function in candidates for implantable cardioverter defibrillator with low left ventricular ejection fraction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jimenez-Juan, Laura; Karur, Gauri R; Connelly, Kim A; Deva, Djeven; Yan, Raymond T; Wald, Rachel M; Singh, Sheldon; Leung, General; Oikonomou, Anastasia; Dorian, Paul; Angaran, Paul; Yan, Andrew T

    2017-04-01

    Indications for the primary prevention of sudden death using an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) are based predominantly on left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). However, right ventricular ejection fraction (RVEF) is also a known prognostic factor in a variety of structural heart diseases that predispose to sudden cardiac death. We sought to investigate the relationship between right and left ventricular parameters (function and volume) measured by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) among a broad spectrum of patients considered for an ICD. In this retrospective, single tertiary-care center study, consecutive patients considered for ICD implantation who were referred for LVEF assessment by CMR were included. Right and left ventricular function and volumes were measured. In total, 102 patients (age 62±14 years; 23% women) had a mean LVEF of 28±11% and RVEF of 44±12%. The left ventricular and right ventricular end diastolic volume index was 140±42 mL/m 2 and 81±27 mL/m 2 , respectively. Eighty-six (84%) patients had a LVEF right ventricular systolic dysfunction. Although there was a significant and moderate correlation between LVEF and RVEF ( r =0.40, p right ventricular systolic dysfunction (Kappa=0.041). Among patients being considered for an ICD, there is a positive but moderate correlation between LVEF and RVEF. A considerable proportion of patients who qualify for an ICD based on low LVEF have preserved RVEF, and vice versa.

  13. Specific indications and clinical outcome in patients with subcutaneous implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) - A nationwide multicentre registry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sponder, Michael; Khazen, Cesar; Dichtl, Wolfgang; Fiedler, Lukas; Mörtl, Deddo; Teubl, Alexander; Steinwender, Clemens; Martinek, Martin; Nürnberg, Michael; Dalos, Daniel; Kastner, Johannes; Schukro, Christoph

    2018-02-01

    Subcutaneous implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (S-ICD) are an innovative and less invasive alternative to transvenous ICD (TV-ICD) in selected patients. We aimed to investigate the underlying diseases and the specific indications for implanting S-ICD in clinical practice, as well as the prevalence of shock delivery and complications. From December 2012, data of 236 patients (30,5% female; age 48,6±16,8years) were gathered from 12 centres in Austria. Follow-up data over a period of 1,7±1,1years were available for 231 patients (in total 359,2 patient-years). Predominant underlying diseases were ischemic cardiomyopathy (iCMP; 32,0%), idiopathic ventricular fibrillation (22,6%) and dilated cardiomyopathy (dCMP; 17,3%). The most frequent indications for implantation were sudden cardiac death survival (27,4%), primary prevention for iCMP (23,9%) and for dCMP (12,8%), and previous explantation of TV-ICD (12,4%). Appropriate shocks were documented in 16 patients (6,9%), iCMP being the predominant underlying disease. Arrhythmia conversion was successful in all patients, efficacy of the first shock was 96%. Inappropriate shock rate was 5,2%, predominantly caused by oversensing of T wave or artefacts. A device upgrade to an ICD system with pacing function was necessary in <1%. Clinical complications needing surgical revision occurred in 8 patients (3,5%). S-ICD were mostly implanted for primary prevention, one fourth of our cases were sudden death survivors. Clinical and functional complication rate was relatively low. In conclusion, S-ICD is a safe and efficient alternative in a larger population of ICD candidates, when no cardiac pacing is needed. EC-number: C-136-17. Copyright © 2017 European Federation of Internal Medicine. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  14. Use of implantable cardioverter defibrillators after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: a prospective follow-up study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parkash, Ratika; Tang, Anthony; Wells, George; Blackburn, Josée; Stiell, Ian; Simpson, Christopher; Dorian, Paul; Yee, Raymond; Cameron, Doug; Connolly, Stuart; Birnie, David; Nichol, Graham

    2004-01-01

    Background Survivors of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest are at high risk of recurrent arrests, many of which could be prevented with implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs). We sought to determine the ICD insertion rate among survivors of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest and to determine factors associated with ICD implantation. Methods The Ontario Prehospital Advanced Life Support (OPALS) study is a prospective, multiphase, before–after study assessing the effectiveness of prehospital interventions for people experiencing cardiac arrest, trauma or respiratory arrest in 19 Ontario communities. We linked OPALS data describing survivors of cardiac arrest with data from all defibrillator implantation centres in Ontario. Results From January 1997 to April 2002, 454 patients in the OPALS study survived to hospital discharge after experiencing an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. The mean age was 65 (standard deviation 14) years, 122 (26.9%) were women, 398 (87.7%) had a witnessed arrest, 372 (81.9%) had an initial rhythm of ventricular tachycardia or ventricular fibrillation (VT/VF), and 76 (16.7%) had asystole or another arrhythmia. The median cerebral performance category at discharge (range 1–5, 1 = normal) was 1. Only 58 (12.8%) of the 454 patients received an ICD. Patients with an initial rhythm of VT/VF were more likely than those with an initial rhythm of asystole or another rhythm to undergo device insertion (adjusted odds ratio [OR] 9.63, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.31–71.50). Similarly, patients with a normal cerebral performance score were more likely than those with abnormal scores to undergo ICD insertion (adjusted OR 12.52, 95% CI 1.74–92.12). Interpretation A minority of patients who survived cardiac arrest underwent ICD insertion. It is unclear whether this low usage rate reflects referral bias, selection bias by electrophysiologists, supply constraint or patient preference. PMID:15505267

  15. Psychological wellbeing and posttraumatic stress associated with implantable cardioverter defibrillator therapy in young adults with genetic heart disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ingles, Jodie; Sarina, Tanya; Kasparian, Nadine; Semsarian, Christopher

    2013-10-09

    Sudden cardiac death is a tragic complication of a number of genetic heart diseases. Implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) therapy plays an important role in prevention of sudden death. The psychological consequences of ICD therapy in young people with genetic heart disease are poorly understood. This study sought to better understand psychological wellbeing and identify symptoms of posttraumatic stress in young people who had experienced an ICD shock. Eligible patients (ICD implanted over 12 months prior) with an inherited cardiomyopathy or primary arrhythmogenic disorder, enrolled in the Australian Genetic Heart Disease Registry were included. Ninety patients completed the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Those patients who had an ICD shock (n=31) also completed the Impact of Events Scale-Revised (IES-R). While the mean HADS-Anxiety and IES-R scores were within the normal range in the total group (n=90), a significant subgroup reported symptoms of anxiety (38%), depression (17%) and posttraumatic stress (31%) indicative of the potential need for referral to clinical care. Overall, greater psychological distress in ICD patients was associated with female gender, a history of syncope, other comorbid medical conditions, and reporting of other distressing events (i.e., ICD complications). In those with an ICD shock, higher posttraumatic stress scores were associated with female gender and longer time to first shock. Patients with genetic heart diseases can experience psychological difficulties, including anxiety, depression and posttraumatic stress, related to ICD implantation and subsequent shocks. This signals the importance of offering patients access to targeted interventions, including psychological care and support. © 2013.

  16. Safety of implantable pacemakers and cardioverter defibrillators in the magnetic field of a novel remote magnetic navigation system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jilek, Clemens; Tzeis, Stylianos; Reents, Tilko; Estner, Heidi-Luise; Fichtner, Stephanie; Ammar, Sonia; Wu, Jinjin; Hessling, Gabriele; Deisenhofer, Isabel; Kolb, Christof

    2010-10-01

    Electromagnetic interference with pacemaker and implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) systems may cause temporary or permanent system malfunction of implanted devices. The aim of this study was to evaluate potential interference of a novel magnetic navigation system with implantable rhythm devices. A total of 121 devices (77 pacemakers, 44 ICDs) were exposed to an activated NIOBE II® Magnetic Navigation System (Stereotaxis, St. Louis, MO, USA) at the maximal magnetic field strength of 0.1 Tesla and evaluated in vitro with respect to changes in parameter settings of the device, changes of the battery status/detection of elective replacement indication, or alterations of data stored in the device. A total of 115 out of 121 (95%) devices were free of changes in parameter settings, battery status, and internally stored data after repeated exposition to the electromagnetic field of the remote magnetic navigation system. Interference with the magnetic navigation field was observed in 6 pacemakers, resulting in reprogramming to a power-on-reset mode with or without detection of the elective replacement indication in 5 devices and abnormal variance of battery status in one device. All pacemakers could be reprogrammed to the initial modes and the battery status proved to be normal some minutes after the pacemakers had been removed from the magnetic field. Interference of a remote magnetic navigation system (at maximal field strength) with pacemakers and ICDs not connected to leads with antitachycardic detection and therapies turned off is rare. Occurring functional abnormalities could be reprogrammed in our sample. An in vitro study will give information about interference of devices connected to leads. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  17. Outcomes in African Americans undergoing cardioverter-defibrillator implantation for primary prevention of sudden cardiac death: findings from the Prospective Observational Study of Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillators (PROSE-ICD).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Yiyi; Kennedy, Robert; Blasco-Colmenares, Elena; Butcher, Barbara; Norgard, Sanaz; Eldadah, Zayd; Dickfeld, Timm; Ellenbogen, Kenneth A; Marine, Joseph E; Guallar, Eliseo; Tomaselli, Gordon F; Cheng, Alan

    2014-08-01

    Implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) reduce the risk of death in patients with left ventricular dysfunction. Little is known regarding the benefit of this therapy in African Americans (AAs). The purpose of this study was to determine the association between AA race and outcomes in a cohort of primary prevention ICD patients. We conducted a prospective cohort study of patients with systolic heart failure who underwent ICD implantation for primary prevention of sudden cardiac death. The primary end-point was appropriate ICD shock defined as a shock for rapid ventricular tachyarrhythmias. The secondary end-point was all-cause mortality. There were 1189 patients (447 AAs and 712 non-AAs) enrolled. Over a median follow-up of 5.1 years, a total of 137 patients experienced an appropriate ICD shock, and 343 died (294 of whom died without receiving an appropriate ICD shock). The multivariate adjusted hazard ratio (95% confidence interval) comparing AAs vs non-AAs were 1.24 (0.96-1.59) for all-cause mortality, 1.33 (1.02, 1.74) for all-cause mortality without receiving appropriate ICD shock, and 0.78 (0.51, 1.19) for appropriate ICD shock. Ejection fraction, diabetes, and hypertension appeared to explain 24.1% (10.1%-69.5%), 18.7% (5.3%-58.0%), and 13.6% (3.8%-53.6%) of the excess risk of mortality in AAs, with a large proportion of the mortality difference remaining unexplained. In patients with primary prevention ICDs, AAs had an increased risk of dying without receiving an appropriate ICD shock compared to non-AAs. Copyright © 2014 Heart Rhythm Society. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. A pilot study of a mindfulness based stress reduction program in adolescents with implantable cardioverter defibrillators or pacemakers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freedenberg, Vicki A; Thomas, Sue A; Friedmann, Erika

    2015-04-01

    Adolescents with implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) or pacemakers (PMs) face unique challenges that can cause psychosocial distress. Psychosocial interventions are effective for adults with cardiac devices and could potentially impact adolescents' adjustment to these devices. Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) is a structured psycho-educational program that includes meditation, yoga, and group support and has been studied extensively among adults. This study examined the feasibility of the MBSR program for adolescents with ICDs/PMs, a population previously unexamined in the research literature. The participants completed measures of anxiety and depression (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale) and coping (Responses to Stress Questionnaire) at baseline and after the six-session MBSR intervention. Mean age of the cohort (n = 10) was 15 ± 3 years, 6 were male, 6 had a PM, and 4 had an ICD. Feasibility was demonstrated by successful recruitment of 10 participants, 100 % participation and completion. Anxiety decreased significantly following the intervention, with a large effect size, t[9] = 3.67, p depression (r = -.88, p = .001). Post-intervention, the group independently formed their own Facebook group and requested to continue meeting monthly. Although generalizability is limited due to the small sample size, this successful pilot study paves the way for larger studies to examine the efficacy of MBSR interventions in adolescents with high-risk cardiac diagnoses.

  19. Association of air pollution with increased incidence of ventricular tachyarrhythmias recorded by implantable cardioverter defibrillators: Vulnerable patients to air pollution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, In-Soo; Sohn, Jungwoo; Lee, Seung-Jun; Park, Jin-Kyu; Uhm, Jae-Sun; Pak, Hui-Nam; Lee, Moon-Hyoung; Kim, Changsoo; Joung, Boyoung

    2017-08-01

    This study investigated the acute effects of exposure to air pollution on ventricular tachyarrhythmias (VTAs) in an East Asian population. The association between air pollution and VTA has not yet been studied in an East Asian country affected by the Asian dust phenomenon, which worsens air quality. The study cohort consisted of 160patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) devices in the Seoul metropolitan area who were followed for 5.5±3.8years. We used ICD records of VTAs and matched these with hourly measurements of air pollutant concentrations and meteorological data. Fine particle mass and gaseous air pollution plus temperature and relative humidity were measured hourly during the study period. During the study period, 1064 VTA events including 204 instances of ventricular fibrillation (VF) were observed. We found a statistically significant association between overall VTA events and SO 2 (lag 24h; OR 1.49, 95%CI 1.16-1.92, p=0.002), PM 10 (lag 2h; OR 2.56, 95%CI 2.03-3.23, ppollution and VTA were observed in a metropolitan area of an East Asian country. Exposures to SO 2 , PM 10 , NO 2 , and CO were significantly associated with VTAs in ICD patients with SHD. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  20. A case of “non-compact myocardium” cardiomyopathy diagnosed and treated by means of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    И. Е. Доровских

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available The article presents a case of non-compact myocardium primary diagnosis of a woman of 45 years, who has complained of general weakness, pain in the heart and interruptions in its work, shortness of breath and dizziness from her youth. A peculiarity of this case is that the patient was initially examined locally and diagnosed with rheumatic heart disease and then with ischemic heart disease. However, the age at which the disease made its debut, the characteristics of pain in the heart, the severity of symptoms of arrhythmia and heart failure, no changes of blood lipid spectrum and other signs of atherosclerosis raised doubts about the presence of angina. Since the clinical syndromes showed a marked violation of all basic functions of the heart muscle, differential diagnostics with diffuse myocarditis was performed, which led to the latter’s exclusion. During ECHO CT followed by transesophageal ECHO at the Academy’s Cardiac Surgery Department, primary “non-compact myocardium” cardiomyopathy was diagnosed. Provided the patient’s complex arrhythmias, a cardioverter-defibrillator with a pacemaker function was implanted and her health significantly improved.Received 9 August 2016. Accepted 28 September 2016.Funding: The study has not been sponsored or awarded a grant.Conflict of interest:The authors declare no conflict of interest.

  1. Testing an exercise intervention to improve aerobic conditioning and autonomic function after an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dougherty, Cynthia M; Glenny, Robb W; Kudenchuk, Peter J; Malinick, Todd E; Flo, Gayle L

    2010-08-01

    Implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) are an increasingly common treatment for survivors of sudden cardiac arrest or others with life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias. Health-care providers are often reluctant to prescribe exercise for this group because of the belief that it will provoke ventricular arrhythmias and cardiac arrest; patients are often afraid to exercise because of concern over receiving an ICD shock. A social cognitive theory-driven exercise intervention aimed at stabilizing cardiac arrhythmias and reducing ICD shocks by increasing parasympathetic autonomic nervous system control is described. The exercise intervention has two phases that include an 8-week aerobic conditioning component followed by a 16-week exercise maintenance component. The aerobic exercise intervention is expected to have significant impact on cardiopulmonary function, ventricular arrhythmias, cardiac autonomic function, and self-efficacy in persons who have an ICD. The exercise intervention is currently being tested using a randomized clinical trial format, the results of which will be available in 2012. The exercise after ICD trial is one of the first clinical trials to test the effects of aerobic exercise on cardiopulmonary outcomes after receiving an ICD for primary or secondary prevention of sudden cardiac arrest.

  2. Failure to deliver a shock in a dual-chamber implantable cardioverter-defibrillator: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sousa, Pedro A; Candeias, Rui; Jesus, Ilídio

    2015-01-01

    Inappropriate implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) therapies due to supraventricular tachyarrhythmia (SVT) are a common problem. The authors report this case to warn of a possible detection problem and subsequent failure of deliver appropriate therapy in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and a dual-chamber ICD using the PARAD+ algorithm. To our knowledge this is the first reported case of failure to deliver a shock in a dual-chamber ICD due to the PARAD+ algorithm. The authors present a case of a 68-year-old Caucasian man with permanent AF and a dual-chamber Sorin Paradym ICD with the PARAD+ algorithm, who presented an episode of sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT). The ICD did not store the event and did not delivery a therapy, although the heart rate curve was consistent with an episode of VT. No evidence of system dysfunction was found. Due to simultaneous occurrence of VT and AF rhythms and alternation in rhythm classification by the PARAD+ algorithm the number of cycles needed to diagnose VT was not achieved and no therapy was delivered. In patients with permanent or long-term persistent AF with a dual-chamber ICD using the PARAD+ algorithm, discrimination should be based only on the ventricular channel. In patients with paroxysmal or persistent recurrent AF the risk of not delivering VT therapy must be weighed against the risk of inappropriate therapy. Copyright © 2013 Sociedade Portuguesa de Cardiologia. Published by Elsevier España. All rights reserved.

  3. Inappropriate implantable cardioverter-defibrillator shocks in Brugada syndrome: Pattern in primary and secondary prevention

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    Aimé Bonny

    2017-01-01

    Conclusion: Inappropriate shock is common in Brugada syndrome during the early periods after an ICD implantation, and seems to be more likely in asymptomatic patients. This finding may warrant a review of the indications for ICD implantation, especially in the young and apparently healthy population of patients with Brugada syndrome.

  4. Radiotherapy and risk of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator malfunctions: experimental data from direct exposure at increasing doses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zecchin, Massimo; Artico, Jessica; Morea, Gaetano; Severgnini, Mara; Bianco, Elisabetta; De Luca, Antonio; Fantasia, Anna Zorzin; Salvatore, Luca; Milan, Vittorino; Lucarelli, Matteo; Dissegna, Roberta; Cannatà, Antonio; Sinagra, Gianfranco

    2018-04-01

    During radiotherapy, in patients with implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) malfunctions are considered more likely if doses more than 2 Gy reach the ICD site; however, most malfunctions occur with high-energy (>10 MV) radiations, and the risk is less defined using 6-MV linear accelerators. The purpose of the study is to experimentally evaluate the occurrence of malfunctions in ICDs radiated with a 6-MV linear accelerator at increasing photon doses. Thirty-two ICDs from all manufacturers (31 explanted and one demo) were evaluated; all devices with a sufficient battery charge underwent multiple radiations with a 6-MV photon beam reaching a cumulative dose at ICD site of 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 5 and 10 Gy and interrogated after every session. All antitachycardia therapies were left enabled; two ICDs were connected to a rhythm simulator (one simulating a complete atrioventricular block without ventricular activity) and visually monitored by external ECG and the ICD programmer during radiation. Thirteen ICDs were excluded before radiation because of battery depletion; after radiation up to the cumulative dose at the cardiac implantable electronic device site of 10 Gy, in the remaining 19 devices, programmation and battery charge remained unchanged and no switch to safety mode was observed; oversensing, pacing inhibition or inappropriate antitachycardia therapy were neither recorded nor visually observed during radiation. With a low-energy accelerator, neither malfunctions nor electromagnetic interferences were detected radiating the ICDs at doses usually reaching the ICD pocket during radiotherapy sessions. In this context, magnet application to avoid oversensing and inappropriate therapy seems, therefore, useless.

  5. Efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy in reducing psychiatric symptoms in patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillator: an integrative review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.C.C.O. Maia

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available This article is a systematic review of the available literature on the benefits that cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT offers patients with implanted cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs and confirms its effectiveness. After receiving the device, some patients fear that it will malfunction, or they remain in a constant state of tension due to sudden electrical discharges and develop symptoms of anxiety and depression. A search with the key words “anxiety”, “depression”, “implantable cardioverter”, “cognitive behavioral therapy” and “psychotherapy” was carried out. The search was conducted in early January 2013. Sources for the search were ISI Web of Knowledge, PubMed, and PsycINFO. A total of 224 articles were retrieved: 155 from PubMed, 69 from ISI Web of Knowledge. Of these, 16 were written in a foreign language and 47 were duplicates, leaving 161 references for analysis of the abstracts. A total of 19 articles were eliminated after analysis of the abstracts, 13 were eliminated after full-text reading, and 11 articles were selected for the review. The collection of articles for literature review covered studies conducted over a period of 13 years (1998-2011, and, according to methodological design, there were 1 cross-sectional study, 1 prospective observational study, 2 clinical trials, 4 case-control studies, and 3 case studies. The criterion used for selection of the 11 articles was the effectiveness of the intervention of CBT to decrease anxiety and depression in patients with ICD, expressed as a ratio. The research indicated that CBT has been effective in the treatment of ICD patients with depressive and anxiety symptoms. Research also showed that young women represented a risk group, for which further study is needed. Because the number of references on this theme was small, further studies should be carried out.

  6. Prospective Randomized Evaluation of Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator Programming in Patients With a Left Ventricular Assist Device.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richardson, Travis D; Hale, Leslie; Arteaga, Christopher; Xu, Meng; Keebler, Mary; Schlendorf, Kelly; Danter, Matthew; Shah, Ashish; Lindenfeld, JoAnn; Ellis, Christopher R

    2018-02-23

    Ventricular arrhythmias are common in patients with left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) but are often hemodynamically tolerated. Optimal implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) tachy-programming strategies in patients with LVAD have not been determined. We sought to determine if an ultra-conservative ICD programming strategy in patients with LVAD affects ICD shocks. Adult patients with an existing ICD undergoing continuous flow LVAD implantation were randomized to standard ICD programming by their treating physician or an ultra-conservative ICD programming strategy utilizing maximal allowable intervals to detection in the ventricular fibrillation and ventricular tachycardia zones with use of ATP. Patients with cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) devices were also randomized to CRT ON or OFF. Patients were followed a minimum of 6 months. The primary outcome was time to first ICD shock. Among the 83 patients studied, we found no statistically significant difference in time to first ICD shock or total ICD shocks between groups. In the ultra-conservative group 16% of patients experienced at least one shock compared with 21% in the control group ( P =0.66). There was no difference in mortality, arrhythmic hospitalization, or hospitalization for heart failure. In the 41 patients with CRT ICDs fewer shocks were observed with CRT-ON but this was not statistically significant: 10% of patients with CRT-ON (n=21) versus 38% with CRT-OFF (n=20) received shocks ( P =0.08). An ultra-conservative programming strategy did not reduce ICD shocks. Programming restrictions on ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation zone therapy should be reconsidered for the LVAD population. The role of CRT in patients with LVAD warrants further investigation. URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT01977703. © 2018 The Authors. Published on behalf of the American Heart Association, Inc., by Wiley.

  7. A meta-analysis of mortality in end-stage renal disease patients receiving implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tien-Hsing Chen

    Full Text Available Data on the effectiveness of implantable implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs with respect to reducing mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD and end-stage renal disease (ESRD are lacking. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to compare the mortality of patients with ESRD who have received and not received an ICD. A search was conducted on January 31, 2013 of Medline, Cochrane, EMBASE, and Google Scholar. Studies were selected for inclusion based on the following criteria. 1 Randomized controlled trial. 2 ESRD patients with heart failure. 3 Device therapy (ICD, CRT-defibrillator [CRT-D] used to treat heart failure. 4 Primary outcome is survival analysis. 5 Retrospective study if survival analysis was performed. The primary outcome was overall survival (OS, and the secondary outcome was 2-year survival. Odds ratios (ORs with 95% confidence intervals (CI were calculated, and a χ2-based test of homogeneity was performed. Three studies were included in the analysis. The combined OR for OS was 2.245 (95% CI 1.871 to 2.685, P<0.001, indicating that patients with an ICD had a significantly higher OS than those without an ICD. The combined OR for 2-year survival was 2.312 (95% CI 1.921 to 2.784, P<0.001, indicating that patients with an ICD had a significantly higher 2-year survival rate than those without an ICD. The use of ICD in patients with ESRD is associated with an increase in the OS and the 2-year survival rate.

  8. Usefulness of microvolt T-wave alternans for predicting outcome in patients with Chagas disease with implantable cardioverter defibrillators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barbosa, Marco Paulo Tomaz; da Costa Rocha, Manoel Otávio; Neto, Elson Santos; Brandão, Fernando Vieira; Lombardi, Federico; Ribeiro, Antonio Luiz Pinho

    2016-11-01

    Chagas disease (ChD) may lead to life-threatening heart disease, including malignant ventricular arrhythmias. The use of implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) has become the main therapeutic strategy for secondary prevention of SCD in Chagas disease (ChD). Microvolt T-wave alternans (MTWA) is a direct measure of ventricular repolarization instability and has emerged as a potentially useful way of determining arrhythmia vulnerability. However, this methodology has not been evaluated in patients with ChD. To evaluate the predictive value of MTWA testing for appropriate therapy or death in ChD patients with ICDs. This prospective study included consecutive patients who received ICD implantations in a Brazilian tertiary referral center. Seventy-two patients were followed for a median time of 422 (range 294-642) days. Thirty-three patients had ChD. The MTWA was non-negative (positive or indeterminate) in 27 (81.8%) of ChD patients. The combined primary outcome (appropriate ICD therapy or death) occurred in 29 patients (40.3%); 17 out 33 ChD patients presented the primary outcome. There was a statistically significant difference in event-free survival between ChD patients with negative and non-negative MTWA results (p=0.02). Non-negative MTWA tests nearly triple the risk of appropriate ICD therapy or death (HR=2.7, 95% CI: 1.7-4.4, p=0.01) in patients with ChD and was the only variable associated with outcomes. The sensitivity and the negative predictive value was 100% in ChD patients. MTWA may be useful in recognizing high-risk ICD patients who may require adjunctive therapies with antiarrhythmic drugs or catheter ablation. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. Automatic Model Generation Framework for Computational Simulation of Cochlear Implantation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mangado Lopez, Nerea; Ceresa, Mario; Duchateau, Nicolas

    2016-01-01

    's CT image, an accurate model of the patient-specific cochlea anatomy is obtained. An algorithm based on the parallel transport frame is employed to perform the virtual insertion of the cochlear implant. Our automatic framework also incorporates the surrounding bone and nerve fibers and assigns....... To address such a challenge, we propose an automatic framework for the generation of patient-specific meshes for finite element modeling of the implanted cochlea. First, a statistical shape model is constructed from high-resolution anatomical μCT images. Then, by fitting the statistical model to a patient...

  10. Contemporary rates and outcomes of single- vs. dual-coil implantable cardioverter defibrillator lead implantation: data from the Israeli ICD Registry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leshem, Eran; Suleiman, Mahmoud; Laish-Farkash, Avishag; Konstantino, Yuval; Glikson, Michael; Barsheshet, Alon; Goldenberg, Ilan; Michowitz, Yoav

    2017-09-01

    Dual-coil leads were traditionally considered standard of care due to lower defibrillation thresholds (DFT). Higher complication rates during extraction with parallel progression in implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) technology raised questions on dual coil necessity. Prior substudies found no significant outcome difference between dual and single coils, although using higher rates of DFT testing then currently practiced. We evaluated the temporal trends in implantation rates of single- vs. dual-coil leads and determined the associated adverse clinical outcomes, using a contemporary nation-wide ICD registry. Between July 2010 and March 2015, 6343 consecutive ICD (n = 3998) or CRT-D (n = 2345) implantation patients were prospectively enrolled in the Israeli ICD Registry. A follow-up of at least 1 year of 2285 patients was available for outcome analysis. The primary endpoint was all-cause mortality. Single-coil leads were implanted in 32% of our cohort, 36% among ICD recipients, and 26% among CRT-D recipients. Secondary prevention indication was associated with an increased rate of dual-coil implantation. A significant decline in dual-coil leads with reciprocal incline of single coils was observed, despite low rates of DFT testing (11.6%) during implantation, which also declined from 31 to 2%. In the multivariate Cox model analysis, dual- vs. single-coil lead implantation was not associated with an increased risk of mortality [hazard ratio (HR) = 1.23; P= 0.33], heart failure hospitalization (HR = 1.34; P=0.13), appropriate (HR = 1.25; P= 0.33), or inappropriate ICD therapy (HR = 2.07; P= 0.12). Real-life rates of single-coil lead implantation are rising while adding no additional risk. These results of single-coil safety are reassuring and obtained, despite low and contemporary rates of DFT testing. Published on behalf of the European Society of Cardiology. All rights reserved. © The Author 2016. For permissions please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  11. The use of guideline recommended beta-blocker therapy in primary prevention implantable cardioverter defibrillator patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ruwald, Anne Christine H; Gislason, Gunnar Hilmar; Vinther, Michael

    2018-01-01

    and metoprolol after ICD implantation. Carvedilol treatment was a strong predictor for being on target dose of BB at time of implant, as was treatment with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and/or spironolactone, no history of myocardial infarction, younger age and less pronounced heart failure symptoms....... Conclusion: In a real-life setting of primary prevention ICD patients, 39% and 26% of patients were titrated to optimal target dose of carvedilol or metoprolol prior to implantation. A higher proportion of patients on carvedilol reached target dose, as compared with metoprolol....

  12. Clinical evaluation of defibrillation efficacy with a new single-capacitor biphasic waveform in patients undergoing implantation of an implantable cardioverter defibrillator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brugada, J; Herse, B; Sandsted, B; Michel, U; Schubert, B D; Hahn, S J

    2001-10-01

    Improvements in the size and shape of implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) might be obtained by using one capacitor instead of the series connection of two capacitors traditionally used in ICDs. The aim of this study was to determine whether a biphasic waveform delivered from a single 336 microF capacitor had the same defibrillation efficacy as a standard biphasic waveform. Randomized, paired defibrillation threshold testing was acutely performed in 54 patients undergoing ICD implantation. A standard 140 microF 80% tilt biphasic waveform (two 280 microF capacitors connected in series) was compared with an experimental biphasic waveform delivered from a single 336 microF capacitor at either 60% tilt (33 patients) or 80% tilt (21 patients). All waveforms had a 60/40 phase1/phase2 duration ratio. Compared with the standard waveform, the 60% tilt experimental waveform had a lower delivered energy (6.7 +/- 2.8 vs 7.9 +/- 3.3 joules, Pvoltage (218 +/- 43 vs 333 +/- 68 V, Pvoltage (234 +/- 44 vs 302 +/- 51 V, P<0.01) and a much longer pulse duration (25.7 +/- 2.5 vs 1.13 +/- 1 ms, P<0.01). Waveforms delivered from a large capacitance are feasible but require a lower tilt. This technique may allow smaller, thinner ICDs without jeopardizing defibrillation success.

  13. Developing a risk model for in-hospital adverse events following implantable cardioverter-defibrillator implantation: a report from the NCDR (National Cardiovascular Data Registry).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dodson, John A; Reynolds, Matthew R; Bao, Haikun; Al-Khatib, Sana M; Peterson, Eric D; Kremers, Mark S; Mirro, Michael J; Curtis, Jeptha P

    2014-03-04

    To better inform patients and physicians of the expected risk of adverse events and to assist hospitals' efforts to improve the outcomes of patients undergoing implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) implantation, we developed and validated a risk model using data from the NCDR (National Cardiovascular Data Registry) ICD Registry. ICD prolong life in selected patients, but ICD implantation carries the risk of periprocedural complications. We analyzed data from 240,632 ICD implantation procedures between April 1, 2010, and December 31, 2011 in the registry. The study group was divided into a derivation (70%) and a validation (30%) cohort. Multivariable logistic regression was used to identify factors associated with in-hospital adverse events (complications or mortality). A parsimonious risk score was developed on the basis of beta estimates derived from the logistic model. Hierarchical models were then used to calculate risk-standardized complication rates to account for differences in case mix and procedural volume. Overall, 4,388 patients (1.8%) experienced at least 1 in-hospital complication or death. Thirteen factors were independently associated with an increased risk of adverse outcomes. Model performance was similar in the derivation and validation cohorts (C-statistics = 0.724 and 0.719, respectively). The risk score characterized patients into low- and-high risk subgroups for adverse events (≤10 points, 0.3%; ≥30 points, 4.2%). The risk-standardized complication rates varied significantly across hospitals (median: 1.77, interquartile range 1.54, 2.14, 5th/95th percentiles: 1.16/3.15). We developed a simple model that predicts risk for in-hospital adverse events among patients undergoing ICD placement. This can be used for shared decision making and to benchmark hospital performance. Copyright © 2014 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Ventricular Tachyarrhythmias and Mortality in Patients With an Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mastenbroek, Mirjam H; Versteeg, Henneke; Jordaens, Luc

    2014-01-01

    .1] years) completed the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale 1 day before implantation. During follow-up, the ICD was interrogated at 3-month intervals. Cox proportional hazard regression analyses were used to examine the impact of depression on time to first appropriate ICD therapy and all-cause...... with an increased risk for all-cause mortality (unadjusted HR = 2.18, 95% CI = 1.36-3.49). Depression remained independently associated with all-cause mortality (HR = 1.94, 95% CI = 1.06-3.54, p = .031), after adjusting for demographic and clinical characteristics. Patients who remained depressed during the first 3...... months after implantation were at greatest risk for dying (HR = 2.88, 95% CI = 1.29-6.45, p = .010). Conclusions The current study showed that depression at the time of implant is not associated with time to first appropriate ICD therapy but almost doubled the risk for all-cause mortality in patients...

  15. Methodological limitations of psychosocial interventions in patients with an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD A systematic review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ockene Ira S

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Despite the potentially life-saving benefits of the implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD, a significant group of patients experiences emotional distress after ICD implantation. Different psychosocial interventions have been employed to improve this condition, but previous reviews have suggested that methodological issues may limit the validity of such interventions. Aim: To review the methodology of previously published studies of psychosocial interventions in ICD patients, according to CONSORT statement guidelines for non-pharmacological interventions, and provide recommendations for future research. Methods We electronically searched the PubMed, PsycInfo and Cochrane databases. To be included, studies needed to be published in a peer-reviewed journal between 1980 and 2008, to involve a human population aged 18+ years and to have an experimental design. Results Twelve studies met the eligibility criteria. Samples were generally small. Interventions were very heterogeneous; most studies used cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT and exercise programs either as unique interventions or as part of a multi-component program. Overall, studies showed a favourable effect on anxiety (6/9 and depression (4/8. CBT appeared to be the most effective intervention. There was no effect on the number of shocks and arrhythmic events, probably because studies were not powered to detect such an effect. Physical functioning improved in the three studies evaluating this outcome. Lack of information about the indication for ICD implantation (primary vs. secondary prevention, limited or no information regarding use of anti-arrhythmic (9/12 and psychotropic (10/12 treatment, lack of assessments of providers' treatment fidelity (12/12 and patients' adherence to the intervention (11/12 were the most common methodological limitations. Conclusions Overall, this review supports preliminary evidence of a positive effect of psychosocial interventions

  16. Development and Testing of an Intervention to Improve Outcomes for Partners Following Receipt of an Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator in the Patient

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dougherty, Cynthia M.; Thompson, Elaine A.; Kudenchuk, Peter J.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to describe 3 foundational studies and how their results were used to formulate, design, and test a novel partner intervention for implementation in the immediate post-ICD (implantable cardioverter defibrillator) period after returning home. Nursing’s expanding role into chronic illness management in the creation of evidence-based practice is highlighted. A randomized clinical trial comparing 2 intervention programs is being conducted with patients who receive an ICD for the first time and their intimate partners. Primary outcomes are physical functioning, psychological adjustment, relationship impact, and health care utilization. PMID:23107992

  17. Attitudes towards implantable cardioverter-defibrillator therapy: a national survey in Danish health-care professionals

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johansen, Jens B; Mortensen, Peter T; Videbæk, Regitze

    2011-01-01

    at the five implanting centres in Denmark. Questions pertained to gender, age, years of experience within the field, knowledge of the ongoing critical debate on ICD therapy, and personal experience with ICD treatment, and/or sudden cardiac arrest within family and/or friends. Of all participants, 185 (88...

  18. The NO Regular Defibrillation testing In Cardioverter Defibrillator Implantation (NORDIC ICD) trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bänsch, Dietmar; Bonnemeier, Hendrik; Brandt, Johan

    2015-01-01

    was the average efficacy of the first ICD shock for all true VT/VF episodes in each patient during follow-up. The secondary endpoints included the frequency of system revisions, total fluoroscopy, implantation time, procedural serious adverse events, and all-cause, cardiac, and arrhythmic mortality during follow...

  19. Quality of Life and Psychological Factors in Patients with Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akiko Suyama-Chishaki, MD PhD

    2007-01-01

    CONCLUSION: To support ICD recipients both physically and mentally, not only the cardiologists but also specialists from other fields such as psychologists and nurse specialists are needed. Ancillary care must be provided through the support team. Cardiologists who determine whether ICD implantation is required must keep in mind potential psychological sequelae.

  20. Long-term mortality risk in patients with an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hoogwegt, Madelein T; Theuns, Dominic A M J; Pedersen, Susanne S.

    2014-01-01

    risk in first-time ICD patients, adjusting also for measures of emotional distress. METHODS: Resting heart rate and QRS duration were assessed prior to ICD implantation in 448 patients. Primary study endpoint was all-cause mortality (up to 6.0 year follow-up, median follow-up of 5.6 years (IQR: 1...

  1. Role of home monitoring in children with implantable cardioverter defibrillators for Brugada syndrome

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Asmundis, C. de; Ricciardi, D.; Namdar, M.; Chierchia, G.B.; Sarkozy, A.; Brugada, P.

    2013-01-01

    AIMS: Implementation of remote home monitoring systems (HM) in clinical practice has become undoubtedly an added value for all patients with implantable cardiac devices. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of HM in a population of children with Brugada syndrome (BS) who received an

  2. Cost-effectiveness of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators in Brazil: primary prevention analysis in the public sector.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ribeiro, Rodrigo Antonini; Stella, Steffan Frosi; Camey, Suzi Alves; Zimerman, Leandro Ioschpe; Pimentel, Maurício; Rohde, Luis Eduardo; Polanczyk, Carísi Anne

    2010-01-01

    Several studies have demonstrated the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) in chronic heart failure (CHF) patients. Despite its widespread use in developing countries, limited data exist on its cost-effectiveness in these settings. To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of ICD in CHF patients under the perspective of the Brazilian Public Healthcare System (PHS). We developed a Markov model to evaluate the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) of ICD compared with conventional therapy in patients with CHF and New York Heart Association class II and III. Effectiveness was evaluated in quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) and time horizon was 20 years. We searched MEDLINE for clinical trials and cohort studies to estimate data from effectiveness, complications, mortality, and utilities. Costs from the PHS were retrieved from national administrative databases. The model's robustness was assessed through Monte Carlo simulation and one-way sensitivity analysis. Costs were expressed as international dollars, applying the purchasing power parity conversion rate (PPP US$). ICD therapy was more costly and more effective, with incremental cost-effectiveness estimates of PPP US$ 50,345/QALY. Results were more sensitive to costs related to the device, generator replacement frequency and ICD effectiveness. In a simulation resembling the MADIT-I population survival and ICD benefit, the ICER was PPP US$ 17,494/QALY and PPP US$ 15,394/life years. In a Brazilian scenario, where ICD cost is proportionally more elevated than in developed countries, ICD therapy was associated with a high cost-effectiveness ratio. The results were more favorable for a patient subgroup at increased risk of sudden death.

  3. Differences Between Access to Follow-Up Care and Inappropriate Shocks Based on Insurance Status of Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator Recipients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sager, Solomon J; Healy, Chris; Ramireddy, Archana; Rivner, Harold; Viles Gonzalez, Juan F; Coffey, James O; Rossin, Natalia; Lo, Ka M; Goldberger, Jeffrey J; Myerburg, Robert J; Mitrani, Raul D

    2017-02-15

    Differences in implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) utilization based on insurance status have been described, but little is known about postimplant follow-up patterns associated with insurance status and outcomes. We collected demographic, clinical, and device data from 119 consecutive patients presenting with ICD shocks. Insurance status was classified as uninsured/Medicaid (uninsured) or private/Health Maintenance Organization /Medicare (insured). Shock frequencies were analyzed before and after a uniform follow-up pattern was implemented regardless of insurance profile. Uninsured patients were more likely to present with an inappropriate shock (63% vs 40%, p = 0.01), and they were more likely to present with atrial fibrillation (AF) as the shock trigger (37% vs 19%, p = 0.04). Uninsured patients had a longer interval between previous physician contact and index ICD shock (147 ± 167 vs 83 ± 124 days, p = 0.04). Patients were followed for a mean of 521 ± 458 days after being enrolled in a uniform follow-up protocol, and there were no differences in the rate of recurrent shocks based on insurance status. In conclusion, among patients presenting with an ICD shock, underinsured/uninsured patients had significantly longer intervals since previous physician contact and were more likely to present with inappropriate shocks and AF, compared to those with private/Medicare coverage. After the index shock, both groups were followed uniformly, and the differences in rates of inappropriate shocks were mitigated. This observation confirms the importance of regular postimplant follow-up as part of the overall ICD management standard. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. Emotional distress in partners of patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator: a systematic review and recommendations for future research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Den Broek, Krista C; Habibović, Mirela; Pedersen, Susanne S

    2010-12-01

    Both patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) and their partners face challenges when adapting to the ICD. Distress is a burden on its own for partners but may also affect well being and health of patients. This review provides a systematic overview of the literature on psychological distress in partners of ICD patients and recommendations for future research. PubMed and PsycInfo were searched in March 2010 using a priori defined search terms. This search and the additional hand search resulted in 22 studies, of which 13 were quantitative and eight qualitative. Sample sizes in quantitative studies varied considerably from 10 to 196 partners, with only six of 13 studies including >50 partners. Partner levels of distress were at least on par with patient levels. The majority of large-scale studies suggested that partner distress levels decrease in the first year postimplantation. Most studies reported no impact of ICD shocks on distress levels or quality of life in partners. ICD indication as well as comorbid conditions, age, and the psychological profile of the partner were related to distress and quality of life. Domains of concern emerging from qualitative studies were related to care of the ICD patient, helplessness and uncertainties related to shocks, role changes, sexual activities, overprotectiveness, and driving. Partner levels of distress may be as high as that of ICD patients. Research with large samples is needed to further investigate the course and determinants of partner distress and the influence that partner distress may have on patient health outcomes. ©2010, The Authors. Journal compilation ©2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  5. Remote monitoring of implantable cardioverter defibrillators versus quarterly device interrogations in clinic: results from a randomized pilot clinical trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Khatib, Sana M; Piccini, Jonathan P; Knight, David; Stewart, Margaret; Clapp-Channing, Nancy; Sanders, Gillian D

    2010-05-01

    Remote monitoring is increasingly becoming the new standard of care for implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) follow-up. We sought to determine whether remote monitoring of ICDs improves patient outcomes compared with quarterly device interrogations in clinic. In this single-center pilot clinical trial, adult patients with an ICD were randomly assigned to remote monitoring versus quarterly device interrogations in clinic. The primary endpoint was a composite of cardiovascular hospitalization, emergency room visit for a cardiac cause, and unscheduled visit to the electrophysiology clinic for a device-related issue at 1 year. We also examined health-related quality of life, costs, and patient satisfaction with their ICD care. Of 151 patients enrolled in this trial, 76 were randomized to remote monitoring and 75 to quarterly device interrogations in clinic. There was no significant difference in the primary endpoint (32% in the remote monitoring arm vs 34% in the control arm; P = 0.8), mortality, or cost between the 2 arms. Quality of life and patient satisfaction were significantly better in the control arm than in the remote monitoring arm at 6 months (83 [25th, 75th percentiles 70, 90] vs 75 [50, 85]; P = 0.002 and 88 [75, 100] vs 75 [75, 88]; P = 0.03, respectively), but not at 12 months. We showed no significant reduction in cardiac-related resource utilization with remote monitoring of ICDs. However, given the small number of patients in our study, the real clinical and health economics impact of remote monitoring needs to be verified by a large, multicenter, randomized clinical trial.

  6. Decision-Making of Patients With Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillators at End of Life: Family Members' Experiences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Mei Ching; Sulmasy, Daniel P; Gallo, Joseph; Kub, Joan; Hughes, Mark T; Russell, Stuart; Kellogg, Anela; Owens, Sharon G; Terry, Peter; Nolan, Marie T

    2017-07-01

    Many patients with advanced heart failure (HF) experience the life-extending benefits of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICD), but at the end stage of HF, patients may experience shocks with increasing frequency and change the plan for end-of-life (EOL) care including the deactivation of the ICD. This report describes family members' experiences of patients with ICD making decisions at EOL. Understanding the decision-making of patients with ICD at EOL can promote informed decision-making and improve the quality of EOL care. This pilot study used a mixed methods approach to test the effects of a nurse-guided discussion in decision-making about ICD deactivation (turning off the defibrillation function) at the EOL. Interviews were conducted, audiotaped, and transcribed in 2012 to 2013 with 6 family members of patients with advanced HF and ICDs. Three researchers coded the data and identified themes in 2014. Three main themes described family members' experiences related to patients having HF with ICDs making health-care decision at EOL: decision-making preferences, patients' perception on ICD deactivation, and communication methods. Health-care providers need to have knowledge of patients' decision-making preferences. Preferences for decision-making include the allowing of appropriate people to involve and encourages direct conversation with family members even when advance directives is completed. Information of ICD function and the option of deactivation need to be clearly delivered to patients and family members. Education and guidelines will facilitate the communication of the preferences of EOL care.

  7. Impact of Moderate to Severe Renal Impairment on Mortality and Appropriate Shocks in Patients with Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Venkata M. Alla

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Due to underrepresentation of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD in large Implantable-Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICD clinical trials, the impact of ICD remains uncertain in this population. Methods. Consecutive patients who received ICD at Creighton university medical center between years 2000–2004 were included in a retrospective cohort after excluding those on maintenance dialysis. Based on baseline Glomerular filtration rate (GFR, patients were classified as severe CKD: GFR < 30 mL/min; moderate CKD: GFR: 30–59 mL/min; and mild or no CKD: GFR ≥ 60 mL/min. The impact of GFR on appropriate shocks and survival was assessed using Kaplan-Meier method and Generalized Linear Models (GLM with log-link function. Results. There were 509 patients with a mean follow-up of 3.0 + 1.3 years. Mortality risk was inversely proportional to the estimated GFR: 2 fold higher risk with GFR between 30–59 mL/min and 5 fold higher risk with GFR < 30 mL/min. One hundred and seventy-seven patients received appropriate shock(s; appropriate shock-free survival was lower in patients with severe CKD (GFR < 30 compared to mild or no CKD group (2.8 versus 4.2 yrs. Conclusion. Even moderate renal dysfunction increases all cause mortality in CKD patients with ICD. Severe but not moderate CKD is an independent predictor for time to first appropriate shock.

  8. Remote Monitoring of Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillators: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Clinical Outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parthiban, Nirmalatiban; Esterman, Adrian; Mahajan, Rajiv; Twomey, Darragh J; Pathak, Rajeev K; Lau, Dennis H; Roberts-Thomson, Kurt C; Young, Glenn D; Sanders, Prashanthan; Ganesan, Anand N

    2015-06-23

    Remote monitoring (RM) of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICD) is an established technology integrated into clinical practice. One recent randomized controlled trial (RCT) and several large device database studies have demonstrated a powerful survival advantage for ICD patients undergoing RM compared with those receiving conventional in-office (IO) follow-up. This study sought to conduct a systematic published data review and meta-analysis of RCTs comparing RM with IO follow-up. Electronic databases and reference lists were searched for RCTs reporting clinical outcomes in ICD patients who did or did not undergo RM. Data were extracted from 9 RCTs, including 6,469 patients, 3,496 of whom were randomized to RM and 2,973 to IO follow-up. In the RCT setting, RM demonstrated clinical outcomes comparable with office follow-up in terms of all-cause mortality (odds ratio [OR]: 0.83; p = 0.285), cardiovascular mortality (OR: 0.66; p = 0.103), and hospitalization (OR: 0.83; p = 0.196). However, a reduction in all-cause mortality was noted in the 3 trials using home monitoring (OR: 0.65; p = 0.021) with daily verification of transmission. Although the odds of receiving any ICD shock were similar in RM and IO patients (OR: 1.05; p = 0.86), the odds of inappropriate shock were reduced in RM patients (OR: 0.55; p = 0.002). Meta-analysis of RCTs demonstrates that RM and IO follow-up showed comparable overall outcomes related to patient safety and survival, with a potential survival benefit in RCTs using daily transmission verification. RM benefits include more rapid clinical event detection and a reduction in inappropriate shocks. Copyright © 2015 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Intra-operative defibrillation testing and clinical shock efficacy in patients with implantable cardioverter-defibrillators: the NORDIC ICD randomized clinical trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bänsch, Dietmar; Bonnemeier, Hendrik; Brandt, Johan; Bode, Frank; Svendsen, Jesper Hastrup; Táborský, Miloš; Kuster, Stefan; Blomström-Lundqvist, Carina; Felk, Angelika; Hauser, Tino; Suling, Anna; Wegscheider, Karl

    2015-10-01

    This trial was designed to test the hypothesis that shock efficacy during follow-up is not impaired in patients implanted without defibrillation (DF) testing during first implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) implantation. Between February 2011 and July 2013, 1077 patients were randomly assigned (1 : 1) to first time ICD implantation with (n = 540) or without (n = 537) DF testing. The intra-operative DF testing was standardized across all participating centres, and all ICD shocks were programmed to 40 J irrespective of DF test results. The primary end point was the average first shock efficacy (FSE) for all true ventricular tachycardia and fibrillation (VT/VF) episodes during follow-up. The secondary end points included procedural data, serious adverse events, and mortality. During a median follow-up of 22.8 months, the model-based FSE was found to be non-inferior in patients with an ICD implanted without a DF test, with a difference in FSE of 3.0% in favour of the no DF test [confidence interval (CI) -3.0 to 9.0%, Pnon-inferiority Defibrillation efficacy during follow-up is not inferior in patients with a 40 J ICD implanted without DF testing. Defibrillation testing during first time ICD implantation should no longer be recommended for routine left-sided ICD implantation. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Society of Cardiology.

  10. Inverse Relationship of Blood Pressure to Long-Term Outcomes and Benefit of Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy in Patients With Mild Heart Failure: A Multicenter Automatic Defibrillator Implantation Trial With Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy Long-Term Follow-Up Substudy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biton, Yitschak; Moss, Arthur J; Kutyifa, Valentina; Mathias, Andrew; Sherazi, Saadia; Zareba, Wojciech; McNitt, Scott; Polonsky, Bronislava; Barsheshet, Alon; Brown, Mary W; Goldenberg, Ilan

    2015-09-01

    Previous studies have shown that low blood pressure is associated with increased mortality and heart failure (HF) in patients with left ventricular dysfunction. Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) was shown to increase systolic blood pressure (SBP). Therefore, we hypothesized that treatment with CRT would provide incremental benefit in patients with lower SBP values. The independent contribution of SBP to outcome was analyzed in 1267 patients with left bundle brunch block enrolled in Multicenter Automatic Defibrillator Implantation Trial With Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy (MADIT-CRT). SBP was assessed as continuous measures and further categorized into approximate quintiles. The risk of long-term HF or death and CRT with defibrillator versus implantable cardioverter defibrillator benefit was assessed in multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression models. Multivariate analysis showed that in the implantable cardioverter defibrillator arm, each 10-mm Hg decrement of SBP was independently associated with a significant 21% (P2-fold risk-increase. CRT with defibrillator provided the greatest HF or mortality risk reduction in patients with SBPSBP≥136 mm Hg and hazard ratio of 0.94, P=0.808, with SBP>136 mm Hg (P for trend=0.001). In patients with mild HF, prolonged QRS, and left bundle brunch block, low SBP is related to higher risk of mortality or HF with implantable cardioverter defibrillator therapy alone. Treatment with CRT is associated with incremental clinical benefits in patients with lower baseline SBP values. URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT00180271. © 2015 American Heart Association, Inc.

  11. Trajectories of Patient-Reported Health Status in Patients With an Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mastenbroek, Mirjam H; Denollet, Johan; Versteeg, Henneke

    2015-01-01

    implantation. A combined cohort of 1,222 patients with an ICD (79% men; age = 61.4 [11.2] years) completed the 12-Item Short-Form Health Survey at baseline and 2 to 3 months and 12 to 14 months after implantation. Latent class analyses were used to identify trajectories and predictors of health status over...... failure, ICD shock, psychotropic medication, negative affectivity, and type D personality were identified as independent determinants of poorer physical health status. For mental health status, 6 trajectories were identified. Younger age, low educational level, symptomatic heart failure, renal failure......, no use of ACE inhibitors, psychotropic medication, negative affectivity, and type D personality were identified as independent determinants of poorer mental health status. In conclusion, the population with an ICD seems to be heterogeneous in terms of patient-reported physical and mental health status...

  12. Implantable Cardioverter-defibrillator Therapy for Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy: Usefulness in Primary and Secondary Prevention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarrias, Axel; Galve, Enrique; Sabaté, Xavier; Moya, Àngel; Anguera, Ignacio; Núñez, Elaine; Villuendas, Roger; Alcalde, Óscar; García-Dorado, David

    2015-06-01

    Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a frequent cause of sudden death. Clinical practice guidelines indicate defibrillator implantation for primary prevention in patients with 1 or more risk factors and for secondary prevention in patients with a history of aborted sudden death or sustained ventricular arrhythmias. The aim of the present study was to analyze the follow-up of patients who received an implantable defibrillator following the current guidelines in nonreferral centers for this disease. This retrospective observational study included all patients who underwent defibrillator implantation between January 1996 and December 2012 in 3 centers in the province of Barcelona. The study included 69 patients (mean age [standard deviation], 44.8 [17] years; 79.3% men), 48 in primary prevention and 21 in secondary prevention. The mean number of risk factors per patient was 1.8 in the primary prevention group and 0.5 in the secondary prevention group (P=.029). The median follow-up duration was 40.5 months. The appropriate therapy rate was 32.7/100 patient-years in secondary prevention and 1.7/100 patient-years in primary prevention (P<.001). Overall mortality was 10.1%. Implant-related complications were experienced by 8.7% of patients, and 13% had inappropriate defibrillator discharges. In patients with a defibrillator for primary prevention, the appropriate therapy rate is extremely low, indicating the low predictive power of the current risk stratification criteria. Copyright © 2014 Sociedad Española de Cardiología. Published by Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  13. Clinical and psychological impact of prophylactic implantable cardioverter-defibrillators in a community heart failure population.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Arnous, S

    2012-02-01

    AIMS: ICD implantation for primary prevention of sudden cardiac death in patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction (ejection fraction <\\/= 35%) has increased since the publication of the SCD-HEFT and MADIT-II data. The aim of this study is to examine the effectiveness and safety of prophylactic ICD use in a community heart failure population and to assess the impact on patient\\'s quality of life. METHODS AND RESULTS: Seventy-one ICDs were inserted between the years 2002 and 2006. The mean follow-up from time of insertion was 24 +\\/- 11 months. Eighteen patients (25%) had potentially life-saving therapy. Seven (10%) patients received inappropriate shocks. Complications were encountered in five patients (7%). CONCLUSION: In a community heart failure population, prophylactic ICD implantation is associated with a high incidence of life-saving therapy, a low complication rate and a high level of tolerability. These data indicate translation of clinical trial benefits to the general heart failure population.

  14. Proton dose perturbations caused by high-voltage leads from implanted cardioverter defibrillators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wootton, Landon S; Polf, Jerimy C; Peterson, Stephen; Wilkinson, Jeff; Rozner, Marc A; Balter, Peter A; Beddar, Sam

    2012-05-10

    An increasing number of patients undergoing proton radiotherapy have cardiac implantable electrical devices (CIEDs). We recently encountered a situation in which a high-voltage coil on a lead from an implanted cardiac defibrillator was located within the clinical treatment volume for a patient receiving proton radiotherapy for esophageal cancer. To study the effects of the lead on the dose delivery, we placed a high-Z CIED lead at both the center and the distal edge of a clinical spread-out Bragg peak (SOBP) in a water phantom, in both a stationary position and with the lead moving in a periodic pattern to simulate cardiorespiratory movement. We then calculated planned doses using a commercial proton treatment planning system (TPS), and compared them with the doses delivered in the phantom, measured using radiographic film. Dose profiles from TPS-calculated and measured dose distributions showed large pertubrations in the delivered proton dose in the vicinity of the CIED lead when it was not moving. The TPS predicted perturbations up to 20% and measurements revealed perturbations up to 35%. However, the perturbations were less than 3% when the lead was moving. Greater dose perturbations were seen when the lead was placed at the distal edge of the SOBP than when it was placed in the center of the SOBP. We conclude that although cardiorespiratory motion of the lead mitigates some of the perturbations, the effects of the leads should be considered and steps taken to reduce these effects during the treatment planning process.

  15. Performance of the 2015 International Task Force Consensus Statement Risk Stratification Algorithm for Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator Placement in Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Dysplasia/Cardiomyopathy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orgeron, Gabriela M; Te Riele, Anneline; Tichnell, Crystal; Wang, Weijia; Murray, Brittney; Bhonsale, Aditya; Judge, Daniel P; Kamel, Ihab R; Zimmerman, Stephan L; Tandri, Harikrishna; Calkins, Hugh; James, Cynthia A

    2018-02-01

    Ventricular arrhythmias are a feared complication of arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy. In 2015, an International Task Force Consensus Statement proposed a risk stratification algorithm for implantable cardioverter-defibrillator placement in arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy. To evaluate performance of the algorithm, 365 arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy patients were classified as having a Class I, IIa, IIb, or III indication per the algorithm at baseline. Survival free from sustained ventricular arrhythmia (VT/VF) in follow-up was the primary outcome. Incidence of ventricular fibrillation/flutter cycle length 10%/year Class I; 15.5 [confidence interval 11.1-21.6] versus 1% to 10%/year Class IIa). In addition, the algorithm did not differentiate survival free from ventricular fibrillation/flutter between Class I and IIa patients ( P =0.97) or for VT/VF in Class I and IIa primary prevention patients ( P =0.22). Adding Holter results (International Task Force Consensus classification differentiated risks. While the algorithm differentiates arrhythmic risk well overall, it did not distinguish ventricular fibrillation/flutter risks of patients with Class I and IIa implantable cardioverter-defibrillator indications. Limited differentiation was seen for primary prevention cases. As these are vital uncertainties in clinical decision-making, refinements to the algorithm are suggested prior to implementation. © 2018 American Heart Association, Inc.

  16. Prediction of Appropriate Shocks Using 24-Hour Holter Variables and T-Wave Alternans After First Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator Implantation in Patients With Ischemic or Nonischemic Cardiomyopathy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seegers, Joachim; Bergau, Leonard; Expósito, Pascal Muñoz; Bauer, Axel; Fischer, Thomas H; Lüthje, Lars; Hasenfuß, Gerd; Friede, Tim; Zabel, Markus

    2016-07-01

    In patients treated with implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD), prediction of both overall survival and occurrence of shocks is important if improved patient selection is desired. We prospectively studied the predictive value of biomarkers and indexes of cardiac and renal function and spectral microvolt T-wave alternans testing and 24-hour Holter variables in a population who underwent first ICD implantation. Consecutive patients in sinus rhythm with ischemic or dilated cardiomyopathy scheduled for primary or secondary prophylactic ICD implantation were enrolled. Exercise microvolt T-wave alternans and 24-hour Holter for number of ventricular premature contractions (VPCs), deceleration capacity, heart rate variability, and heart rate turbulence were done. Death of any cause and first appropriate ICD shock were defined as end points. Over 33 ± 15 months of follow-up, 36 of 253 patients (14%) received appropriate shocks and 39 of 253 patients (15%) died. Only 3 of 253 patients (1%) died after receiving at least 1 appropriate shock. In univariate analyses, New York Heart Association class, ejection fraction, N-terminal pro brain-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), renal function, ICD indication, deceleration capacity, heart rate variability, and heart rate turbulence were predictive of all-cause mortality and VPC number and deceleration capacity predicted first appropriate shock. NT-proBNP (≥1,600 pg/ml) was identified as the only independent predictor of all-cause mortality (hazard ratio 3.0, confidence interval 1.3 to 7.3, p = 0.014). In contrast, VPC number predicted appropriate shocks (hazard ratio 2.3, confidence interval 1.0 to 5.5, p = 0.047) as the only independent risk marker. In conclusion, NT-proBNP is a strong independent predictor of mortality in a typical prospective cohort of newly implanted patients with ICD, among many electrocardiographic and clinical variables studied. Number of VPCs was identified as a predictor of appropriate shocks

  17. A clinical example of extreme dose exposure for an implanted cardioverter-defibrillator. Beyond the DEGRO guidelines

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hristova, Yoana; Koehn, Janett; Preuss, Stefanie [Johann Wolfgang Goethe University Frankfurt, Department of Radiation Oncology, University Hospital, Frankfurt (Germany); Roedel, Claus; Balermpas, Panagiotis [Johann Wolfgang Goethe University Frankfurt, Department of Radiation Oncology, University Hospital, Frankfurt (Germany); German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Heidelberg (Germany); German Cancer Consortium (DKTK), Frankfurt am Main (Germany)

    2017-09-15

    Considering that the number of malignant diseases in patients over 65 years of age is increasing, it often occurs that patients who carry a cardiac implanted electronic device must undergo radiotherapy. Ionizing radiation can disturb the function of the implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD). As a result of this, an update of the DEGRO/DKG guidelines for radiotherapy of this patient group has been published. We report the case of a patient with an ICD and T-lymphoblastic lymphoma with cardiac involvement, who received i.a. a total body irradiation with 8 Gy followed by a consolidating radiotherapy of the pericardium with 14 Gy as well as additional radiotherapy courses after consecutive recurrences. For the purposes of the treatment, the antitachyarrhythmia (ATA) therapy was deactivated and temporarily replaced through a life vest. According to the current DEGRO guidelines for irradiation of patients with cardiac implanted electronic devices, a categorization of the patient in the ''high-risk'' group was made. Furthermore, regular telemetric checks of the ICD device were performed before and after treatment. Despite unavailable declaration of the manufacturer regarding the cumulative tolerable dose and DEGRO recommendation for a cumulative dose <2 Gy, the aftercare was unproblematic and normal values were assessed for all relevant ICD parameters, despite a cumulative dose >10 Gy in the device. This case shows that if the cardiac implanted electronic devices are not directly irradiated und the energy used is reduced to 6 MV, irradiation-induced damage is less likely and can possibly be prevented. (orig.) [German] Vor dem Hintergrund der steigenden Zahl von Krebserkrankungen bei Patienten ueber 65 Jahren kommt es haeufig vor, dass sich Patienten mit einem kardialen implantierten elektronischen Geraet einer Strahlentherapie unterziehen muessen. Ionisierende Strahlung kann die Funktion des implantierbaren Kardioverter-Defibrillators (ICD

  18. Relation of statin therapy to psychological functioning in patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hoogwegt, Madelein T; Theuns, Dominic A M J; Kupper, Nina

    2013-01-01

    Statin therapy is an important secondary prevention measure in cardiovascular disease. However, the side effects associated with statin use could potentially affect patients' quality of life. Little is known about the influence of statin therapy on the well-being and health status of cardiac...... multivariate analysis of variance. Of the 409 patients, 60% were prescribed statins. Statin use was independently associated with poorer role limitations-physical (p = 0.001), social functioning (p = 0.007), and role limitations-emotional (p = 0.006) during the 12 months after implantation, independent...... of statin type, dosage, and other potential confounders. The associations between statin therapy and depression (p = 0.06) and statin therapy and physical functioning (p = 0.05) were borderline significant, and no association was found with anxiety (p >0.05). In conclusion, statin therapy was associated...

  19. Pacemakers and implantable cardioverter defibrillators, unknown to chest radiography: Review, complications and systematic reading

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alandete Germán, Salvador Pascual, E-mail: salaiger@gmail.com; Isarria Vidal, Santiago, E-mail: isarria@comv.es; Domingo Montañana, María Luisa, E-mail: domingo.luimon@gmail.com; De la vía Oraá, Esperanza, E-mail: esviao82@gmail.com; Vilar Samper, José, E-mail: vilarsamper@gmail.com

    2015-03-15

    Highlights: •Radiologists have an important function in the evaluation of these devices. •We revise their radiological appearances and possible complications. •The knowledge in normal aspects and complications is important for radiologist. •To ensure an accurate reading of the chest x-ray, we present a systematic approach. -- Abstract: Chest X-ray is the imaging technique of choice for an initial study of pacemakers and implantable cardio-defibrillators (ICD). Radiologists have an important role in the evaluation of its initial placement and in the assessment during its follow-up. For this reason, it is necessary to know not only the different existing devices and its components but also the reasons of malfunction or possible complications. The purpose of this article is to do a systematic review of the different types of pacemakers and ICD. We review their usual radiological appearances, the possible complications which might take place and its causes of malfunctioning.

  20. Use of primary prevention implantable cardioverter-defibrillators in a population-based cohort is associated with a significant survival benefit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parkash, Ratika; Sapp, John L; Basta, Magdy; Doucette, Steve; Thompson, Kara; Gardner, Martin; Gray, Chris; Brownell, Brenda; Kidwai, Hena; Cox, Jafna

    2012-08-01

    Underuse of implantable defibrillators has been previously noted in patients at risk for sudden cardiac death, as well as for survivors of sudden cardiac death. We sought to determine the utilization rates in a primary prevention implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD)-eligible population and mortality in this group compared with a group that had undergone implantation of this therapy. A retrospective cohort of patients from April 1, 2006, to December 31, 2009, was used to define a primary prevention ICD-eligible population. Two groups were compared on the basis of ICD implantation (no-ICD versus ICD). The primary outcome measure was mortality. Of the 717 patients found to be potentially eligible for a primary prevention ICD, 116 (16%) were referred. The remaining cohort of 601 patients were compared with an existing cohort of primary prevention ICD patients (n=290). A significant survival benefit was associated with primary prevention ICD implantation (hazard ratio, 0.46; 95% CI [0.33-0.64]; Pbenefit was seen (hazard ratio, 0.59; 95% CI [0.40-0.87]; P=0.01). Appropriate ICD therapy occurred in 26% of those in the ICD group, during a mean follow-up of 2.7 years. A significant mortality benefit was observed for patients who underwent primary prevention ICD implantation compared with those who did not. Vigilance is required to ensure that patients eligible for primary prevention ICDs are appropriately referred and assessed to allow such patients to benefit from this life-saving therapy.

  1. Nurse- and peer-led self-management programme for patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator; a feasibility study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    van Eijk Jacques

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The prevalence of cardiovascular disease is increasing. Improved treatment options increase survival after an acute myocardial infarction or sudden cardiac arrest, although patients often have difficulty adjusting and regaining control in daily life. In particular, patients who received an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD experience physical and psychological problems. Interventions to enhance perceived control and acceptance of the device are therefore necessary. This paper describes a small-scale study to explore the feasibility and the possible benefits of a structured nurse- and peer-led self-management programme ('Chronic Disease Self-Management Program' – CDSMP among ICD patients. Methods Ten male ICD patients (mean age = 65.5 years participated in a group programme, consisting of six sessions, led by a team consisting of a nurse specialist and a patient with cardiovascular disease. Programme feasibility was evaluated among patients and leaders by measuring performance of the intervention according to protocol, attendance and adherence of the participating ICD patients, and patients' and leaders' opinions about the programme. In addition, before and directly after attending the intervention, programme benefits (e.g. perceived control, symptoms of anxiety and depression, and quality of life were assessed. Results The programme was conducted largely according to protocol. Eight patients attended at least four sessions, and adherence ranged from good to very good. On average, the patients reported to have benefited very much from the programme, which they gave an overall report mark of 8.4. The leaders considered the programme feasible as well. Furthermore, improvements were identified for general self-efficacy expectancies, symptoms of anxiety, physical functioning, social functioning, role limitations due to physical problems, and pain. Conclusion This study suggests that a self-management programme led by a

  2. The impact of technology dependency on device acceptance and quality of life in persons with implantable cardioverter defibrillators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Udlis, Kimberly A

    2013-01-01

    The impact of implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) technology on the quality of life (QOL) experienced by recipients has been a major focus of recent research. Numerous studies have found psychological distress to be important in determining QOL in persons receiving ICDs, yet the source of psychological distress is not well understood. The aim of this study was to determine the impact of technology dependency on psychological outcomes in ICD recipients. With the use of a cross-sectional design, 161 ICD recipients from 1 device clinic were mailed self-administered questionnaires, including the Dependency on Technology Scale, Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire, Florida Shock Anxiety Scale, Florida Patient Acceptance Survey, and Short Form-12 (SF-12). Hierarchical multiple regressions and analyses of variance were performed. The final sample size was 101 participants. Mean (SD) age was 68 (13) years; 72% of the participants were men, 99% were white, and 30% reported receiving a shock(s). A total of 80% reported positive attitudes toward technology dependency; 14%, neutral; and 6%, negative (Dependency on Technology Scale). Illness perceptions were positive (Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire; mean[SD], 34.5 [12.6]), shock anxiety was elevated (Florida Shock Anxiety Scale; mean [SD], 16.5 [6.7]), and device acceptance was good (Florida Patient Acceptance Survey; mean [SD], 74.9 [17.0]). Physical health QOL was low (SF-12; mean [SD], 38.6 [11.3]) and mental health QOL was moderate (SF-12; mean [SD], 50.6 [10.0]). Attitudes toward technology dependency significantly accounted for the variance seen in device acceptance and mental health QOL beyond age, gender, number of shocks, illness perceptions, and shock anxiety by 5.7% (P = .001) and 3.3% (P = .04), respectively. Significant differences were seen in device acceptance between those with negative and neutral attitudes (P = .001) and those with negative and positive attitudes (P technology dependency is

  3. Young at heart: understanding the unique psychosocial adjustment of young implantable cardioverter defibrillator recipients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sears, S F; Burns, J L; Handberg, E; Sotile, W M; Conti, J B

    2001-07-01

    This article reviews the data related to psychosocial adjustment of young ICD recipients, postulates theories to explain potential adjustment difficulties to ICD therapy experienced by younger recipients, and suggests clinical management techniques for addressing the unique psychosocial concerns of young ICD recipients. Studies of young ICD recipients suggest that a wide range of psychosocial adjustment issues are prominent in the post-ICD implantation period and that the issues may be different from older ICD recipients. The disability-stress-coping model and the transactional-stress-coping model are postulated as explanations for the unique adjustment concerns of children and adolescents with ICDs. Social comparison theory is also applied to the concerns of young adults with ICDs such that they often lack same age peers to compare experiences with cardiac difficulties. Brief, clinic-based interventions by health care providers, like a screening and referral heuristic and an "ICD Buddy" system, are suggested to increase effective coping and decrease social isolation for young ICD recipients.

  4. Unusual cause of hypoxemia after automatic implantable cardioverter-defibrillatorleads extraction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dinesh Raju

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The indication of pacemaker/AICD removal are numerous. Serious complication can occur during their removal, severe tricuspid regurgitation is one of the complication. The occurrence of PFO is not uncommon among adult population. Shunting across PFO in most circumstance is negligible, but in some necessitates closure due to hypoxemia. We report a case of 62 year old man, while undergoing AICD removal, had an emergency sternotomy for cardiac tamponade. Postoperatively, he experienced profound hypoxemia refractory to oxygen therapy. Transthoracic Echocardiogram was performed to rule out intracardiac shunts at an early stage, but it was difficult to obtain an good imaging windows poststernotomy. A small pulmonary emboli was noted on CTPA, but was not sufficient to account for the level of hypoxemia and did not resolve with anticoagulation. Transesophageal echocardiogram showed flail septal tricuspid valve with severe TR and bidirectional shunt through large PFO. Patient was posted for surgery, tricuspid valve was replaced and PFO surgically closed. Subsequently, patient recovered well ad was discharged to home. Cause of hypoxemia might be due to respiratory or cardiac dysfunction. But for hypoxemia refractory to oxygen therapy, transoesophageal echocardiogram should be always considered and performed early as an diagnostic tool in post cardiac surgical patients.

  5. Shoulder Joint Dislocation as an Unusual Complication of Defibrillation Threshold Testing Following Subcutaneous Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator Implantation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amit Noheria, MBBS, SM

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available A 53-year-old man underwent implantation of a totally subcutaneous ICD (S-ICD; Boston Scientific. He was positioned supine, with the left arm abducted, externally rotated (i.e. palm up and strapped to the arm extender. The generator was placed in the left mid-axillary line along the 5th-6th intercostal spaces and the defibrillation coil was tunneled anterior to the sternum. Defibrillation threshold (DFT testing with 65 Jcaused a forceful pectoralis twitch. The patient woke up with a painful anteriorly dislocated left shoulder. Glenohumeral dislocation due to DFT testing has not been previously reported. It is likely that this complication is specific to the S-ICD implantation, and is related to positioning with the arm abducted, externally rotated, and immobilized, and use of greater defibrillation energy with current pathway through the bulk of the pectoralis muscle.Precautions may include extending the arm palm down, strapping the arm loosely, and adduction of the arm for DFT testing.

  6. Impact of electrocardiogram screening during drug challenge test for the prediction of T-wave oversensing by a subcutaneous implantable cardioverter defibrillator in patients with Brugada syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamakura, Tsukasa; Wada, Mitsuru; Ishibashi, Kohei; Inoue, Yuko Y; Miyamoto, Koji; Okamura, Hideo; Nagase, Satoshi; Noda, Takashi; Aiba, Takeshi; Yasuda, Satoshi; Kusano, Kengo

    2017-10-01

    Screening tests conducted at rest may be inadequate for the prediction of the T-wave oversensing (TWOS) in subcutaneous implantable cardioverter defibrillator (S-ICD) candidates with Brugada syndrome (BrS) because of the dynamic nature of electrocardiogram (ECG) morphology. We evaluated the utility of ECG screening during drug challenge (DC) for prediction of TWOS in BrS patients implanted with an S-ICD. The study enrolled 6 consecutive BrS patients implanted with an S-ICD. In addition to baseline ECG screening, pre-implant screening during DC using a sodium channel blocker was performed in all patients. All patients underwent appropriate morphological analysis on baseline ECG screening; however, 2 BrS patients (33%) showed inappropriate sensing during DC. During 243 days of follow-up after S-ICD implantation, no patient experienced an appropriate shock. TWOS was confirmed during exercise testing in one of 2 patients who showed inappropriate sensing during DC. However, one patient with appropriate sensing during DC experienced recurrent episodes of inappropriate shocks due to TWOS during exercise. The present initial experience indicates that further studies are needed to detect the risk for TWOS from an S-ICD in BrS patients.

  7. A Young Man Presenting with Pleuritic Chest Pain and Fever after Electrophysiological Study and Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator Placement: Diagnostic Difficulties and Value of Bedside Thoracic Sonography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Faraone

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available We describe the case of a 23-year-old man presenting with recurrent pleuritic chest pain and prolonged fever after electrophysiology testing and placement of an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator because of a suspected arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia. The clinical suspicion was initially directed toward pneumonia with pleural effusion and later toward an infection of the cardiac device complicated by septic pulmonary embolism. The definitive diagnosis of pulmonary embolism and infarction was suggested by a point-of-care thoracic sonography, performed at the bedside by a clinician caring for the patient, and then confirmed by contrast enhanced computed tomography, which also showed thrombosis of the left iliofemoral vein, site of percutaneous puncture for cardiac catheterization. Prolonged fever was attributable to a concomitant Epstein-Barr virus primary infection that acted as confounding factor. The present report confirms the value of bedside thoracic sonography in the diagnostic evaluation of patients with nonspecific respiratory symptoms.

  8. The effect of intermittent atrial tachyarrhythmia on heart failure or death in cardiac resynchronization therapy with defibrillator versus implantable cardioverter-defibrillator patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ruwald, Anne-Christine; Pietrasik, Grzegorz; Goldenberg, Ilan

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the effect of both history of intermittent atrial tachyarrhythmias (IAT) and in-trial IAT on the risk of heart failure (HF) or death comparing cardiac resynchronization therapy with defibrillator (CRT-D) to implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD......) treatment in mildly symptomatic HF patients with left bundle branch block (LBBB). BACKGROUND: Limited data exist regarding the benefit of CRT-D in patients with IAT. METHODS: The benefit of CRT-D in reducing the risk of HF/death was evaluated using multivariate Cox models incorporating the presence of......-D versus ICD on the risk of HF/death was not significantly different between LBBB patients with or without history of IAT (HR: 0.50, p = 0.028, and HR: 0.46, p

  9. Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator therapy in a 34-year-old patient with eating disorders and after the third sudden cardiac arrest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piotrowicz, Ewa; Orzechowski, Piotr; Bilinska, Maria; Przybylski, Andrzej; Szumowski, Lukasz; Piotrowicz, Ryszard

    2015-03-01

    Eating disorders (ED) such as anorexia nervosa and bulimia are psychiatric diseases associated with the highest mortality rate of any other psychiatric disorders. More recently, long-term outcome studies with follow-up of over 20 years report a mortality of between 15% and 18% (Casiero and Frishman, Cardiol Rev 14(5), 227, 2006). The sudden death secondary to arrhythmias is often the cause of death in these patients (Casiero and Frishman, Cardiol Rev 14(5), 227, 2006). A case of life-threatening ventricular arrhythmia (VA) in a patient with ED is presented. Clinical records (cardiologic, psychiatric), electrocardiograms, echocardiogram, coronary angiogram, cardiac magnetic resonance, and endocrine diagnostics were performed. Finally a cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) was implanted in the patient after her third cardiac arrest. An optimal approach to antiarrhythmic therapy in such patients is a real challenge for a cardiologist. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  10. Patient ECG recording control for an automatic implantable defibrillator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fountain, Glen H. (Inventor); Lee, Jr., David G. (Inventor); Kitchin, David A. (Inventor)

    1986-01-01

    An implantable automatic defibrillator includes sensors which are placed on or near the patient's heart to detect electrical signals indicative of the physiology of the heart. The signals are digitally converted and stored into a FIFO region of a RAM by operation of a direct memory access (DMA) controller. The DMA controller operates transparently with respect to the microprocessor which is part of the defibrillator. The implantable defibrillator includes a telemetry communications circuit for sending data outbound from the defibrillator to an external device (either a patient controller or a physician's console or other) and a receiver for sensing at least an externally generated patient ECG recording command signal. The patient recording command signal is generated by the hand held patient controller. Upon detection of the patient ECG recording command, DMA copies the contents of the FIFO into a specific region of the RAM.

  11. Prognostic value of cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging for life-threatening arrhythmia detected by implantable cardioverter-defibrillator in Japanese patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hen, Yasuki; Tsugu-Yagawa, Mayuko; Iguchi, Nobuo; Utanohara, Yuko; Takada, Kaori; Machida, Haruhiko; Takara, Ayako; Teraoka, Kunihiko; Inoue, Kanki; Takamisawa, Itaru; Takayama, Morimasa; Yoshikawa, Tsutomu

    2018-01-01

    Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) is effective to prevent sudden death in HCM patients. We reviewed ICD records to analyze the relation between life-threatening arrhythmia and late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) on cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) in Japanese hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) patients. In 102 consecutive patients (median age 63 years, 63 males) implanted with an ICD after CMR with gadolinium enhancement (median follow-up 2.8 years), the outcome of life-threatening arrhythmic events (appropriate ICD interventions for ventricular tachycardia or ventricular fibrillation) was examined. Appropriate interventions rate were 10.3% per year for secondary prevention and 7.4% per year for primary prevention. The annualized ICD-related complication rate was 3.7%. 43/91 patients (47%) implanted ICD for primary prevention had maximum wall thickness ≥20 mm plus LGE in ≥4 of 17 left ventricular segments (cut-off value obtained from ROC curve); the appropriate ICD intervention rate was significantly higher in this group than in other patients group (annualized event rate, 11.1 vs. 4.6%; log-rank P = 0.038). A combination of myocardial hypertrophy and LGE is a useful outcome predictive factor for life-threatening ventricular arrhythmia in Japanese HCM patients.

  12. Wearable Cardioverter Defibrillators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferrick, Aileen M; Tian, David; Vudathaneni, Vijaya; Shevchuk, Olga L; Ferrick, Neal J; Frishman, William

    The use of implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD) has favorably impacted the prevention and treatment of sudden cardiac death (SCD) associated with ventricular arrhythmias. However, there are situations where an ICD cannot be immediately implanted, even though the patient is at high risk for SCD. The wearable cardioverter defibrillator (WCD) is a unique technology that can bridge this gap for patients. The WCD has been demonstrated to terminate ventricular tachycardia/fibrillation if worn and used correctly. With proper training, it is relatively easy to put on, maintain, and use. Most patients are compliant and are able to consistently wear the device. The WCD negates the infection risk or procedural complications associated with insertion and possible extraction of leads, as with an ICD. In terms of primary prevention of ventricular tachycardia/fibrillation in patients with a left ventricular ejection fraction ≤35%, prospective, randomized studies evaluating the survival of patients utilizing the WCD will need to be performed before evidenced-based criteria for its use can be established. On the basis of current data, WCD use for those awaiting heart transplant, for those with ICD indications status post-ICD explant, and for high-risk SCD patients with possible reversible cardiomyopathy appears to be a reasonable approach on the basis of current data.

  13. Automatic post-implant needle reconstruction algorithm to characterize and improve implant robustness analyses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Archambault, Louis; Beaulieu, Luc; Tubic, Dragan

    2003-01-01

    Post-implant analysis in permanent implant brachytherapy is an important process that provides a feedback on treatment quality. Random seed movements, edema, and needle related factors contribute to deteriorate dose coverage. For a complete study of these movements, it is important to reconstruct the post-implant seeds clusters but, up to now, this task was only possible via a long and difficult manual process. To facilitate post-implant analysis a simulated annealing algorithm was developed to perform automatic reconstructions. This process is fast (30-60 s on a 1.3 GHz pentium) and has a high level of success, even with up to 5% of seed loss. Tests on 21 clinical cases show that the algorithm yields exactly the same results as manual reconstructions. A realistic simulation tool was used to generate 58 synthetic post-implant data, in which cases the exact configuration was known. Even if some errors were found, pertinent information was extracted. For medium seed density [corresponding to seeds of 0.6 mCi (0.762 U)], 97% of seeds are matched with their correct needle and 89% are matched with their correct planned position. This method provides pertinent information that can be used to understand inhomogenous dose coverage in specific prostate quadrants; to make realistic post-implant simulations or to identify seeds belonging to a needle loaded with different seed types or activity

  14. Effects of aerobic interval training on measures of anxiety, depression and quality of life in patients with ischaemic heart failure and an implantable cardioverter defibrillator: A prospective non-randomized trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isaksen, Kjetil; Munk, Peter Scott; Giske, Rune; Larsen, Alf Inge

    2016-03-01

    To evaluate the short- and long-term effects of aerobic interval training on quality of life and on symptoms of anxiety and depression among patients with ischaemic heart failure and an implantable cardioverter defibrillator. Prospective, non-randomized controlled study. Patients with ischaemic heart failure and an implantable cardioverter defibrillator, willing to undergo an aerobic interval training programme. A total of 31 patients were enrolled (19 were assigned to the aerobic interval training group and 12 to the control group). The aerobic interval training group performed a 12-week exercise training programme. All patients were evaluated with the Short Form-36 (SF-36), the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire at baseline, after 12 weeks and at 2 years. The aerobic interval training group showed significant improvements in several SF-36 subscores at 12 weeks. There was an unadjusted significant reduction in the HADS depression (HADS-D) score. At follow-up, results in the aero-bic interval training group moved towards baseline or remained stable, whereas in the control group HADS-D scores and some SF-36 subscores deteriorated. Participation in a 12-week aerobic interval training programme resulted in significant improvements in several measures of quality of life and the unadjusted HADS-D score in patients with ischaemic heart failure with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator. At follow-up there was significantly less sedentary activity in the aerobic interval training group, while psychometric measures were no longer significantly different from baseline.

  15. Role of implantable cardioverter defibrillator in non-ischemic cardiomyopathy: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective randomized clinical trials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romero, Jorge; Chaudhary, Rahul; Garg, Jalaj; Lupercio, Florentino; Shah, Neeraj; Gupta, Rahul; Nazir, Talha; Bozorgnia, Babak; Natale, Andrea; Di Biase, Luigi

    2017-09-01

    A mortality benefit in patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) in ischemic cardiomyopathy is well established. However, the benefit of ICD implantation in non-ischemic cardiomyopathy (NICM) on total mortality remains uncertain. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCT) evaluating the role of primary prevention ICD in NICM patients. We performed a systematic review on PubMed, The Cochrane Library, EMBASE, EBSCO, Web of Science, and CINAHL databases from the inception through February 2017 to identify RCT evaluating the role of ICD in NICM patients. Mantel-Haenszel risk ratio (RR) fixed effects model was used to summarize data across treatment arms. If heterogeneity (I 2 ) ≥25, random effects model was used instead. We analyzed a total of 2573 patients from five RCTs comparing ICD with medical therapy in patients with NICM. The mean follow up for the trials was 48 ± 22 months. There was a significant reduction in (a) all-cause mortality (RR 0.84, 95% CI 0.71-0.99, p = 0.03) and (b) sudden cardiac death (RR 0.47, 95% CI 0.30-0.73, p < 0.001) in ICD group versus medical therapy. Our analysis demonstrates that the use of ICD for primary prevention is associated with a reduction in all-cause mortality and SCD in patients with NICM.

  16. Lack of current implantable cardioverter defibrillator guidelines application for primary prevention of sudden cardiac death in Latin American patients with heart failure: a cross-sectional study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonzalez-Zuelgaray, Jorge; Pellizon, Oscar; Muratore, Claudio A; Oropeza, Elsa Silva; Rabinovich, Rafael; Ramos, José Luis; Tentori, Maria Cristina; Reyes, Nicolás; Aguayo, Rubén; Marin, Jorge; Peterson, Brett J

    2013-02-01

    This cross-sectional study evaluated the application of accepted international implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) guidelines for primary prevention of sudden cardiac death in patients with heart failure. The PLASMA (Probabilidad de Sufrir Muerte Arritmica) study was designed to characterize management of cardiac patients in Latin America. Twelve centres included 1958 consecutively admitted patients in cardiology units in 2008 and 2009. Discharged patients were evaluated for primary prevention, ICD indication and prescription by general cardiologists. Of 1711 discharged patients, 1525 (89%) had data available for evaluating indication status. Class I indications for ICD therapy were met for 153 (10%) patients based on collected data. Only 20 (13%, 95% confidence interval: 7.7-18.4%) patients with indication were prescribed an ICD. Patients prescribed an ICD were younger than patients who were not prescribed an ICD (62 vs. 68 years, P Latin America, international guidelines for primary prevention ICD implantation are not well followed. The main reason is that cardiologists believe that patients do not meet indication criteria, even though study data confirm that criteria are met. This poses a significant challenge and underlines the importance of continuous and improved medical education.

  17. Indication to cardioverter-defibrillator therapy and outcome in real world primary prevention. Data from the IRIDE [Italian registry of prophylactic implantation of defibrillators] study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Proclemer, Alessandro; Muser, Daniele; Campana, Andrea; Zoni-Berisso, Massimo; Zecchin, Massimo; Locatelli, Alessandro; Brieda, Marco; Gramegna, Lorena; Santarone, Mauro; Chiodi, Leandro; Mazzone, Patrizio; Rebellato, Luca; Facchin, Domenico

    2013-09-30

    Several trials demonstrated the life saving role of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICD) in primary prevention of sudden cardiac death (SCD). The aim was to evaluate the clinical characteristics and 4-year outcome of consecutive patients treated in clinical practice by prophylactic ICD implantation on the basis of class I recommendations and up-to-date ICD programming. IRIDE multi-center, prospective and observational study enrolled 604 consecutive patients (mean age: 66 ± 10 years) treated by ICD between 01/01/2006 and 30/06/2010. Main characteristics were similarly distributed among the inclusion criteria of MADIT II (24%), SCD-HeFT (24%), COMPANION (26%) and MADIT-CRT (18%) trials, while a small number of patients met the MUSTT and MADIT (7%) inclusion criteria. Single-chamber ICDs were implanted in 168 (28%) patients, dual-chamber in 167 (28%) and biventricular in 269 (43%) patients. ATP programming was activated in 546 (90%) patients. Overall survival and rate of appropriate ICD intervention by ATP and/or shock at 12-24-36-48 months of follow-up were 94%, 89%, 80%, 75% and 16%, 28%, 37% and 50%, respectively. No difference in mortality rate between the groups who received or did not receive appropriate ICD interventions was demonstrated (p=ns). The IRIDE study confirms the effectiveness in real world practice of ICD implantation in patients at risk of SCD. The life saving role of ICD therapy increases as the duration of follow-up is prolonged and the survival benefit is similar in patients who received or did not receive appropriate device treatment, thus suggesting a beneficial effect of up-to-date device programming. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  18. Primary prevention implantable cardioverter-defibrillator and cardiac resynchronization therapy-defibrillator in elderly patients: results of a Spanish multicentre study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Expósito, Víctor; Rodríguez-Mañero, Moisés; González-Enríquez, Susana; Arias, Miguel A; Sánchez-Gómez, Juan Miguel; Andrés La Huerta, Ana; Bertomeu-González, Vicente; Arce-León, Álvaro; Barrio-López, María Teresa; Arguedas-Jiménez, Hugo; Seara, Javier García; Rodriguez-Entem, Felipe

    2016-08-01

    Currently, there continues to be a lack of evidence regarding outcomes associated with device-based therapy for ventricular arrhythmias in elderly patients, even more in primary-prevention indications. We aimed to describe the follow-up in terms of efficacy and safety of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) therapy in a large cohort of elderly patients. Retrospective multicentre study performed in 15 Spanish hospitals. Consecutive patients referred for ICD implantation before 2011 were included. One hundred and sixty-two of 1174 patients (13.8%) ≥75 years were considered as 'elderly'. When compared with those patients chronic obstructive pulmonary disease , and renal failure, and more previous hospitalizations due to heart failure (HF). During a mean follow-up of 104.4 ± 3.3 months, 162 patients (14%) died, 120 in the younger age (12.4%), and 42 (24.4%) in the elderly. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed an increased probability of death with increasing age (17, 24, 28, and 69% at 12, 24, 48, and 60 months of follow-up in the elderly group). There was neither difference regarding the rate of appropriate nor inappropriate ICD intervention. In a real-world scenario, elderly patients comprise ∼15% of ICD implantations for primary prevention of sudden cardiac death (SCD). Although the rate of appropriate therapy is similar between groups, the benefit of ICD is attenuated for a major increase in mortality risk among those patients ≥75 years at the moment of device implantation. Published on behalf of the European Society of Cardiology. All rights reserved. © The Author 2015. For permissions please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  19. Impact of the Relationship between the Defibrillation Threshold (DFT) and Clinical Outcomes in Recipients of Modern Era Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICD).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Enomoto, Yoshinari; Noro, Mahito; Moroi, Masao; Nakamura, Masato; Sugi, Kaoru

    2017-12-12

    Defibrillation threshold (DFT) testing during implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) implantations is considered necessary for appropriate shock therapy and to measure the safety margin. However, the relationship between the DFT with modern era devices and the clinical outcome, including the total mortality is limited, which may lead to DFT testing itself being questioned. This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between the DFT and clinical outcome in ICD recipients.We enrolled 81 consecutive patients (66 males, aged 64.6 ± 13.8 years) who received an ICD implantation and underwent DFT testing. The DFT was measured with a step-by-step method in the patients upon implant. Further, we evaluated the relationship between the DFT and the clinical outcome, which included major cardiac adverse events and any cause of death.The mean DFT was 11.6 ± 9.24J in total. In 40 patients (49.4%), VF was terminated by a low output (5J), whereas 11 patients (13.6%) had a high DFT. The rates of atrial fibrillation were significantly higher in the high DFT group (63.6% versus 24.2%, P = 0.007). During the observational period (median 432 days; range from 151 days to 1146 days), the incidence of clinical events occurred in 22 patients (27.2%) in total. In a multivariate analysis, a high DFT was the only predictive factor for the incidence of the clinical outcome (OR 4.54, 95% CI 1.03-21.9, P = 0.045).

  20. Syncope in high-risk cardiomyopathy patients with implantable defibrillators: frequency, risk factors, mechanisms, and association with mortality: results from the multicenter automatic defibrillator implantation trial-reduce inappropriate therapy (MADIT-RIT) study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruwald, Martin H; Okumura, Ken; Kimura, Takeshi; Aonuma, Kazutaka; Shoda, Morio; Kutyifa, Valentina; Ruwald, Anne-Christine H; McNitt, Scott; Zareba, Wojciech; Moss, Arthur J

    2014-02-04

    There is a relative paucity of studies investigating the mechanisms of syncope among heart failure patients with implantable cardioverter-defibrillators, and it is controversial whether nonarrhythmogenic syncope is associated with increased mortality. The Multicenter Automatic Defibrillator Implantation Trial-Reduce Inappropriate Therapy (MADIT-RIT) randomized 1500 patients to 3 different implantable cardioverter-defibrillator programming arms: (1) Conventional programming with therapy for ventricular tachycardia ≥170 bpm; (2) high-rate cutoff with therapy for ventricular tachycardia ≥200 bpm and a monitoring zone at 170 to 199 bpm, and (3) prolonged 60-second delay with a monitoring zone before therapy. Syncope was a prespecified safety end point that was adjudicated independently. Multivariable Cox models were used to identify risk factors associated with syncope and to analyze subsequent risk of mortality. During follow-up, 64 of 1500 patients (4.3%) had syncope. The incidence of syncope was similar across the 3 treatment arms. Prognostic factors for all-cause syncope included the presence of ischemic cardiomyopathy (hazard ratio [HR], 2.48; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.42-4.34; P=0.002), previous ventricular arrhythmias (HR, 2.99; 95% CI, 1.18-7.59; P=0.021), left ventricular ejection fraction ≤25% (HR, 1.65; 95% CI, 0.98-2.77; P=0.059), and younger age (by 10 years; HR, 1.25; 95% CI, 1.00-1.52; P=0.046). Syncope was associated with increased risk of death regardless of its cause (arrhythmogenic syncope: HR, 4.51; 95% CI, 1.39-14.64, P=0.012; nonarrhythmogenic syncope: HR, 2.97; 95% CI, 1.07-8.28, P=0.038). Innovative programming of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators with therapy for ventricular tachycardia ≥200 bpm or a long delay is not associated with increased risk of arrhythmogenic or all-cause syncope, and syncope caused by slow ventricular tachycardias (<200 bpm) is a rare event. The clinical risk factors associated with syncope are

  1. Prevalence, correlates, and temporal trends in antiarrhythmic drug use at discharge after implantable cardioverter defibrillator placement (from the National Cardiovascular Data Registry [NCDR]).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dev, Sandesh; Peterson, Pamela N; Wang, Yongfei; Curtis, Jeptha P; Varosy, Paul D; Masoudi, Frederick A

    2014-01-15

    Patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) can require antiarrhythmic drugs to manage arrhythmias and prevent device shocks. We sought to determine the prevalence, clinical correlates, and institutional variation in the use of antiarrhythmic drugs over time after ICD implantation. From the ICD Registry (2006 to 2011), we analyzed the trends in the use of antiarrhythmic agents prescribed at hospital discharge for patients undergoing first-time ICD placement. The patient, provider, and facility level variables associated with antiarrhythmic use were determined using multivariate logistic regression models. A median odds ratio was calculated to assess the hospital-level variation in the use of antiarrhythmic drugs. Of the cohort (n = 500,995), 15% had received an antiarrhythmic drug at discharge. The use of class III agents increased modestly (13.9% to 14.9%, p <0.01). Amiodarone was the most commonly prescribed drug (82%) followed by sotalol (10%). Among the subgroups, the greatest increase in prescribing was for patients who had received a secondary prevention ICD (26% in 2006% and 30% in 2011, p <0.01) or with a history of ventricular tachycardia (23% to 27%, p <0.01). The median odds ratio for antiarrhythmic prescription was 1.45, indicating that 2 randomly selected hospitals would have had a 45% difference in the odds of treating identical patients with an antiarrhythmic drug. In conclusion, antiarrhythmic drug use, particularly class III antiarrhythmic drugs, is common among ICD recipients at hospital discharge and varies by hospital, suggesting an influence from local treatment patterns. The observed hospital variation suggests a role for augmentation of clinical guidelines regarding the use of antiarrhythmic drugs for patients undergoing implantation of an ICD. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  2. Mortality Implications of Appropriate Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator Therapy in Secondary Prevention Patients: Contrasting Mortality in Primary Prevention Patients From a Prospective Population-Based Registry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Almehmadi, Fahad; Porta-Sánchez, Andreu; Ha, Andrew C T; Fischer, Hadas D; Wang, Xuesong; Austin, Peter C; Lee, Douglas S; Nanthakumar, Kumaraswamy

    2017-08-19

    We sought to examine the mortality impact of appropriate implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) therapy between patients who received ICD for primary versus secondary prevention purposes. From a prospective, population-based registry, we identified 7020 patients who underwent de novo ICD implantation between February 2007 and May 2012 in Ontario, Canada. The primary outcome was all-cause mortality. We used multivariable Cox proportional hazard modeling to adjust for differences in baseline characteristics and analyzed the mortality impact of first appropriate ICD therapy (shock and antitachycardia pacing [ATP]) as a time-varying covariate. There were 1929 (27.5%) patients who received ICDs for secondary prevention purposes. The median follow-up period was 5.02 years. Compared with those with secondary prevention ICDs, patients with primary prevention ICDs had more medical comorbidities, and lower ejection fraction. Patients who experienced appropriate ICD shock or ATP had greater risk of death compared with those who did not, irrespective of implant indication. In the primary prevention group, the adjusted hazard ratios of death for appropriate shock and ATP were 2.00 (95% CI: 1.72-2.33) and 1.73 (95% CI: 1.52-1.97), respectively. In the secondary prevention group, the adjusted hazard ratios of death for appropriate ICD shock and ATP were 1.46 (95% CI: 1.20-1.77) and 1.38 (95% CI: 1.16-1.64), respectively. Despite having a more favorable clinical profile, occurrence of appropriate ICD shock or ATP in patients with secondary prevention ICDs was associated with similar magnitudes of mortality risk as those with primary prevention ICDs. A heightened degree of care is warranted for all patients who experience appropriate ICD shock or ATP therapy. © 2017 The Authors. Published on behalf of the American Heart Association, Inc., by Wiley.

  3. Entropy of cardiac repolarization predicts ventricular arrhythmias and mortality in patients receiving an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator for primary prevention of sudden death.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeMazumder, Deeptankar; Limpitikul, Worawan B; Dorante, Miguel; Dey, Swati; Mukhopadhyay, Bhasha; Zhang, Yiyi; Moorman, J Randall; Cheng, Alan; Berger, Ronald D; Guallar, Eliseo; Jones, Steven R; Tomaselli, Gordon F

    2016-12-01

    The need for a readily available, inexpensive, non-invasive method for improved risk stratification of heart failure (HF) patients is paramount. Prior studies have proposed that distinct fluctuation patterns underlying the variability of physiological signals have unique prognostic value. We tested this hypothesis in an extensively phenotyped cohort of HF patients using EntropyX QT , a novel non-linear measure of cardiac repolarization dynamics. In a prospective, multicentre, observational study of 852 patients in sinus rhythm undergoing clinically indicated primary prevention implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) implantation (2003-10), exposures included demographics, history, physical examination, medications, laboratory results, serum biomarkers, ejection fraction, conventional electrocardiographic (ECG) analyses of heart rate and QT variability, and EntropyX QT . The primary outcome was first 'appropriate' ICD shock for ventricular arrhythmias. The secondary outcome was composite events (appropriate ICD shock and all-cause mortality). After exclusions, the cohort (n = 816) had a mean age of 60 ± 13 years, 28% women, 36% African Americans, 56% ischaemic cardiomyopathy, and 29 ± 16% Seattle HF risk score (SHFS) 5-year predicted mortality. Over 45 ± 24 months, there were 134 appropriate shocks and 166 deaths. After adjusting for 30 exposures, the hazard ratios (comparing the 5th to 1st quintile of EntropyX QT ) for primary and secondary outcomes were 3.29 (95% CI 1.74-6.21) and 2.28 (1.53-3.41), respectively. Addition of EntropyX QT to a model comprised of the exposures or SHFS significantly increased net reclassification and the ROC curve area. EntropyX QT measured during ICD implantation strongly and independently predicts appropriate shock and all-cause mortality over follow-up. EntropyX QT complements conventional risk predictors and has the potential for broad clinical application. Published on behalf of the European Society of Cardiology. All

  4. Design and Methods for a Pilot Study of a Phone-Delivered, Mindfulness-Based Intervention in Patients with Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Salmoirago-Blotcher

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Meditation practices are associated with a reduction in adrenergic activity that may benefit patients with severe cardiac arrhythmias. This paper describes the design and methods of a pilot study testing the feasibility of a phone-delivered mindfulness-based intervention (MBI for treatment of anxiety in patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs. Design and Methods. Consecutive, clinically stable outpatients (n=52 will be screened for study eligibility within a month of an ICD-related procedure or ICD shock and will be randomly assigned to MBI or to usual care. MBI patients will receive eight weekly individual phone sessions based on two mindfulness practices (awareness of breath and body scan plus home practice with a CD for 20 minutes daily. Patients assigned to usual care will be offered the standard care planned by the hospital. Assessments will occur at baseline and at the completion of the intervention (between 9 and 12 weeks after randomization. The primary study outcome is feasibility; secondary outcomes include anxiety, mindfulness, and number of administered shocks during the intervention period. Conclusions. If proven feasible and effective, phone-delivered mindfulness-based interventions could improve psychological distress in ICD outpatients with serious cardiovascular conditions.

  5. Current trends in use of implantable cardioverter defibrillators and cardiac resynchronization therapy with a pacemaker or defibrillator in Japanese pediatric patients: results from a nationwide questionnaire survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suzuki, Tsugutoshi; Sumitomo, Naokata; Yoshimoto, Jun; Miyazaki, Aya; Hinokiyama, Kazuhiro; Ushinohama, Hiroya; Yasukochi, Satoshi

    2014-01-01

    In Japan, the use of implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs), cardiac resynchronization therapy with a biventricular pacemaker (CRTP) and CRT with a defibrillator (CRTD) in children has not been studied statistically, and dual-chamber (DDD) pacemakers are still used for pediatric CRT because of current government regulations. Data were obtained from 15 children's and 74 general hospitals through a questionnaire survey regarding the aforementioned therapies performed before 2012 in Japanese children (<16 years old). ICD, CRT with DDD, CRTP and CRTD were used in 64 (42%), 47 (31%), 34 (22%) and 7 (5%), respectively, of all cases reported (n=152). Among all CRTP and CRT-DDD cases (n=81), the use of DDD accounted for 41% in general hospitals vs. 89% in children's hospitals, and CRT-DDD and CRTP were effective in 67 cases (83%). Of 64 ICD cases, appropriate shocks were experienced in 28 cases (44%), and inappropriate shocks in 19 cases (29%). Additionally, data from the Japan Arrhythmia Device Industry Association obtained for overall device usage analysis revealed that CRTP was more commonly used in children than in adults. There is an increasing need for pediatric device therapy, especially CRTP. However, many children's hospitals were still using DDD pacemakers in 2012. Although the demand for device therapy in children may be small, it is indispensable in pediatric cardiology.

  6. Educational and psychological interventions to improve outcomes for recipients of implantable cardioverter defibrillators and their families: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunbar, Sandra B; Dougherty, Cynthia M; Sears, Samuel F; Carroll, Diane L; Goldstein, Nathan E; Mark, Daniel B; McDaniel, George; Pressler, Susan J; Schron, Eleanor; Wang, Paul; Zeigler, Vicki L

    2012-10-23

    Significant mortality benefits have been documented in recipients of implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs); however, the psychosocial distress created by the underlying arrhythmia and its potential treatments in patients and family members may be underappreciated by clinical care teams. The disentanglement of cardiac disease and device-related concerns is difficult. The majority of ICD patients and families successfully adjust to the ICD, but optimal care pathways may require additional psychosocial attention to all ICD patients and particularly those experiencing psychosocial distress. This state-of-the-science report was developed on the basis of an analysis and critique of existing science to (1) describe the psychological and quality-of-life outcomes after receipt of an ICD and describe related factors, such as patient characteristics; (2) describe the concerns and educational/informational needs of ICD patients and their family members; (3) outline the evidence that supports interventions for improving educational and psychological outcomes for ICD patients; (4) provide recommendations for clinical approaches for improving patient outcomes; and (5) identify priorities for future research in this area. The ultimate goal of this statement is to improve the precision of identification and care of psychosocial distress in ICD patients to maximize the derived benefit of the ICD.

  7. [Safety of cardiac pacemakers and implantable cardioverter-defibrillators in magnetic resonance imaging. Assessment of the aggregate function at 1.5 tesla].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nordbeck, P; Bauer, W R

    2008-03-01

    Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is increasingly used in patients, but it is contraindicated in those with cardiac pacemakers (CP) or implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD). This study examined circumstances in which potentially life-threatening arrhythmias may be triggered in patients with CP undergoing MRI and whether these problems can be avoided by reprogramming of these devices. Eight CP and seven ICDs were investigated in a phantom at 1.5 tesla (experimental and imaging sequences). A decrease in battery voltage was found in four CP after MRI (indication for elective replacement). Additionally, three showed changes in programming (resets). Analogous changes did not appear in the tested ICDs, but periods of tachycardia were recorded in all types of devices during MRI depending on the pulse sequence employed. MRI-related electromagnetic fields as used in routine MRI can induce severe pacemaker device malfunctions. Device programming approaches are unreliable for prevention of patient hazards, as programming changes or resets are one of the primary malfunctions during MRI.

  8. Perceptions of an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator: A qualitative study of families with a history of sudden life-threatening cardiac events and recommendations to improve care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Linder, Jarrett; Hidayatallah, Nadia; Stolerman, Marina; McDonald, Thomas V; Marion, Robert; Walsh, Christine; Dolan, Siobhan

    2013-01-01

    To identify major concerns associated with implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) and to provide recommendations to adult and pediatric physicians involved in the care of patients with ICDs. Cardiac ion channelopathies are a well-recognized cause of sudden cardiac death in infants, children, adolescents, and young adults. ICDs are effective in preventing sudden death from fatal arrhythmias in patients with known cardiac channelopathies. There is a paucity of research on the effect of ICDs on quality of life in patients with cardiac channelopathy diagnoses, especially young patients. A qualitative study interviewing patients and families affected by inherited arrhythmias was conducted. Fifty participants with personal or family histories of cardiac events or sudden death were interviewed individually or in focus groups by clinical psychologists. All interviews were transcribed verbatim and then analyzed and coded based on current qualitative research theory to identify themes related to the research question. Twenty-four participants discussed ICDs in their interviews. Participants reported concerns about ICDs, and these concerns were categorized into six themes: (1) comprehension and physician-patient communication; (2) anxiety; (3) restrictions and fallacies; (4) complications; (5) utility; and (6) alternative therapy. Participants noted communication breakdowns between providers and their colleagues, and between providers and their patients. Participants and their families experienced many different forms of anxiety, including worry about the aesthetics of the ICDs and fears of being shocked. Multiple restrictions, fallacies, and complications were also cited. Interview themes were used to formulate recommendations for counseling and educating patients with ICDs.

  9. Heart rate variability density analysis (Dyx) for identification of appropriate implantable cardioverter defibrillator recipients among elderly patients with acute myocardial infarction and left ventricular systolic dysfunction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Rikke Mørch; Levitan, Jacob; Halevi, Zohar

    2015-01-01

    to diagnose the primary endpoint of near-fatal or fatal ventricular tachyarrhythmias likely preventable by an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD), during a period of 2 years. A Dyx ≤ 1.96 was considered abnormal. The secondary endpoint was cardiovascular death. At enrolment 59 patients (24%) had...... a Dyx ≤ 1.96 and 20 experienced a primary endpoint. A Dyx ≤ 1.96 was associated with a significantly increased risk for malignant arrhythmias [hazards ratio (HR) = 4.36 (1.81-10.52), P = 0.001] and cardiovascular death [HR = 3.47 (1.38-8.74), P = 0.008]. Compared with important clinical risk parameters...... (age >70 years and QRS > 120 ms), Dyx ≤ 1.96 significantly added predictive value (P = 0.0066). CONCLUSIONS: Dyx was a better predictor of ventricular tachyarrhythmias than the traditional measures of HRV and heart rate turbulence, particularly in the elderly. Dyx might be a useful tool for better...

  10. Unmappable ventricular tachycardia after an old myocardial infarction. Long-term results of substrate modification in patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alzand, B S N; Timmermans, C C M M; Wellens, H J J; Dennert, R; Philippens, S A M; Portegijs, P J M; Rodriguez, L M

    2011-08-01

    The frequent occurrence of ventricular tachycardia can create a serious problem in patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator. We assessed the long-term efficacy of catheter-based substrate modification using the voltage mapping technique of infarct-related ventricular tachycardia and recurrent device therapy. The study population consisted of 27 consecutive patients (age 68 ± 8 years, 25 men, mean left ventricular ejection fraction 31 ± 9%) with an old myocardial infarction and multiple and/or hemodynamically not tolerated ventricular tachycardia necessitating repeated device therapy. A total of 31 substrate modification procedures were performed using the three-dimensional electroanatomical mapping system. Patients were followed up for a median of 23.5 (interquartile range 6.5-53.2) months before and 37.8 (interquartile range 11.7-71.8) months after ablation. Antiarrhythmic drugs were not changed after the procedure, and were stopped 6 to 9 months after the procedure in patients who did not show ventricular tachycardia recurrence. Median ventricular tachycardias were 1.6 (interquartile range 0.7-6.7) per month before and 0.2 (interquartile range 0.00-1.3) per month after ablation (P = 0.006). Nine ventricular fibrillation episodes were registered in seven patients before and two after ablation (P = 0.025). Median antitachycardia pacing decreased from 1.6 (interquartile range 0.01-5.5) per month before to 0.18 (interquartile range 0.00-1.6) per month after ablation (P = 0.069). Median number of shocks decreased from 0.19 (interquartile range 0.04-0.81) per month before to 0.00 (interquartile range 0.00-0.09) per month after ablation (P = 0.001). One patient had a transient ischemic attack during the procedure, and another developed pericarditis. Nine patients died during follow-up, eight patients due to heart failure and one patient during valve surgery. Catheter-based substrate modification using voltage mapping results in a long-lasting reduction

  11. Association between patient activity and long-term cardiac death in patients with implantable cardioverter-defibrillators and cardiac resynchronization therapy defibrillators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Shuang; Chen, Keping; Su, Yangang; Hua, Wei; Chen, Silin; Liang, Zhaoguang; Xu, Wei; Dai, Yan; Liu, Zhimin; Fan, Xiaohan; Hou, Cuihong; Zhang, Shu

    2017-05-01

    Background Patient activity (PA) has been demonstrated to predict all-cause mortality. However, the association between PA and cardiac death is unclear. Aims The aims of this study were to determine whether PA can predict cardiac death and what is the cut-off of PA to discriminate cardiac death, as well as the mechanism underlying the relationship between PA and survival in patients with home monitoring. Methods This study retrospectively analysed clinical and implantable cardioverter-defibrillator/cardiac resynchronization therapy defibrillator device data in 845 patients. Data regarding PA and PP variability during the first 30-60 days of home monitoring were collected, and mean values were calculated. The primary endpoint was cardiac death, and the secondary endpoint was all-cause mortality. Results The mean PA percentage was 11 ± 5.8%. Based on receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, we determined that a PA cut-off value of 7.84% (113 min) can predict cardiac death. During a mean follow-up period of 31.1 ± 12.9 months (ranging from three to 60 months), PA ≤ 7.84% was associated with increased risks of cardiac death in an unadjusted analysis; after adjusting in a multivariate Cox model, the relationship remained significant between PA≤7.84% and cardiac death (hazard ratio = 3.644, 95% confidence interval = 2.424-5.477, p defibrillator/cardiac resynchronization therapy defibrillator implantation. PA had a sizable effect on heart rate variability, reflecting autonomic function.

  12. Validity and Reliability of the Florida Patient Acceptance Survey and Florida Shock Anxiety Scale in Turkish Patients with Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oz Alkan H

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Despite its established effectiveness, living with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD is associated with ongoing psychosocial distress. Patient device acceptance and shock-related anxiety might be essential in identifying patients at risk for adverse patient-reported outcomes following implantation of an ICD. The purpose of study was to examine the validity and reliability of the Florida Patient Acceptance Survey (FPAS and the Florida Shock Anxiety Scale (FSAS of ICD patients. Methods: The sample included 180 participants (146 male, mean age=60.56 ± 13.88. Patients completed the FPAS, the FSAS, the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI, the State Anxiety Inventory (STAI-TX1 and Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI-TX2. Results: Confirmatory factor analysis (for FPAS revealed that a fourfactor structure: Return to Function, Device-Related Distress, Positive Appraisal and Body Image Concerns ( 2 84 χ =157.75, p=0.00, comparative fit index (CFI=0.91, root mean-square error of approximation (RMSEA=0.07. Confirmatory factor analysis (for FSAS revealed that a two-factor structure with items loading such that Factor 1 could be conceptualized as a Consequence Factor and Factor 2 as a Trigger Factor 2 34 χ =81.48, p=0.00, comparative fit index (CFI=0.93, root mean-square error of approximation (RMSEA=0.09. The FPAS was negatively correlated with FSAS, BAI, STAI-TX1 and STAI-TX2 (p<0.01. The FSAS was positively correlated with BAI, STAI-TX1 and STAI-TX2 (p<0.01. We found satisfactory evidence of internal consistency (Cronbach’s α was 0.81 for FPAS and Cronbach’s α was 0.87 for FSAS. Conclusion: FPAS and FSAS are valid and reliable instruments to assess device acceptance and shock-related anxiety in Turkish patients with ICD.

  13. Cardiac sympathetic innervation assessed with (123)I-MIBG retains prognostic utility in diabetic patients with severe left ventricular dysfunction evaluated for primary prevention implantable cardioverter-defibrillator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    García-González, P; Fabregat-Andrés, Ó; Cozar-Santiago, P; Sánchez-Jurado, R; Estornell-Erill, J; Valle-Muñoz, A; Quesada-Dorador, A; Payá-Serrano, R; Ferrer-Rebolleda, J; Ridocci-Soriano, F

    2016-01-01

    Scintigraphy with iodine-123-metaiodobenzylguanidine ((123)I-MIBG) is a non-invasive tool for the assessment of cardiac sympathetic innervation (CSI) that has proven to be an independent predictor of survival. Recent studies have shown that diabetic patients with heart failure (HF) have a higher deterioration in CSI. It is unknown if (123)I-MIBG has the same predictive value for diabetic and non-diabetic patients with advanced HF. An analysis is performed to determine whether CSI with (123)I-MIBG retains prognostic utility in diabetic patients with HF, evaluated for a primary prevention implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD). Seventy-eight consecutive HF patients (48 diabetic) evaluated for primary prevention ICD implantation were prospectively enrolled and underwent (123)I-MIBG to assess CSI (heart-to-mediastinum ratio - HMR). A Cox proportional hazards multivariate analysis was used to determine the influence of (123)I-MIBG images for prediction of cardiac events in both diabetic and non-diabetic patients. The primary end-point was a composite of arrhythmic event, cardiac death, or admission due to HF. During a mean follow-up of 19.5 [9.3-29.3] months, the primary end-point occurred in 24 (31%) patients. Late HMR was significantly lower in diabetic patients (1.30 vs. 1.41, p=0.014). Late HMR≤1.30 was an independent predictor of cardiac events in diabetic (hazard ratio 4.53; p=0.012) and non-diabetic patients (hazard ratio 12.31; p=0.023). Diabetic patients with HF evaluated for primary prevention ICD show a higher deterioration in CSI than non-diabetics; nevertheless (123)I-MIBG imaging retained prognostic utility for both diabetic and non-diabetic patients. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier España, S.L.U. and SEMNIM. All rights reserved.

  14. Device orientation of a leadless pacemaker and subcutaneous implantable cardioverter-defibrillator in canine and human subjects and the effect on intrabody communication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quast, Anne-Floor B E; Tjong, Fleur V Y; Koop, Brendan E; Wilde, Arthur A M; Knops, Reinoud E; Burke, Martin C

    2018-02-14

    The development of communicating modular cardiac rhythm management systems relies on effective intrabody communication between a subcutaneous implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (S-ICD) and a leadless pacemaker (LP), using conducted communication. Communication success is affected by the LP and S-ICD orientation. This study is designed to evaluate the orientation of the LP and S-ICD in canine subjects and measure success and threshold of intrabody communication. To gain more human insights, we will explore device orientation in LP and S-ICD patients. Canine subjects implanted with a prototype S-ICD and LP (both Boston Scientific, MA, USA) with anterior-posterior fluoroscopy images were included in this analysis. For comparison, a retrospective analysis of human S-ICD and LP patients was performed. The angle of the long axis of the LP towards the vertical axis of 0°, and distance between the coil and LP were measured. Twenty-three canine subjects were analysed. Median angle of the LP was 29° and median distance of the S-ICD coil to LP was 0.8 cm. All canine subjects had successful communication. The median communicating threshold was 2.5 V. In the human retrospective analysis, 72 LP patients and 100 S-ICD patients were included. The mean angle of the LP was 56° and the median distance between the S-ICD coil and LP was 4.6 cm. Despite the less favourable LP orientation in canine subjects, all communication attempts were successful. In the human subjects, we observed a greater and in theory more favourable LP angle towards the communication vector. These data suggests suitability of human anatomy for conductive intrabody communication.

  15. Epicardial Automatic Implantable Cardiac Defibrillator In A Child With Symptomatic Bugada Syndrome

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moltedo, Jose M; Abello, Mauricio; Gustavo, Sivori; Javier, Celada; Delucis, Pablo Garcia

    2011-01-01

    An 18 month old 14 kg male with symptomatic Brugada syndrome underwent placement of an epicardial automatic implantable cardiac defibrillator using a single coil transvenous lead sutured to the anterolateral aspect of the left ventricle. PMID:21760684

  16. Gender differences in anxiety and concerns about the cardioverter defibrillator

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Spindler, Helle; Johansen, Jens B; Andersen, Kirsten Krogh

    2009-01-01

    Little is known about gender differences in the response to implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) therapy. We compared female and male ICD patients on anxiety, depression, health-related quality of life (HRQL), ICD concerns, and ICD acceptance.......Little is known about gender differences in the response to implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) therapy. We compared female and male ICD patients on anxiety, depression, health-related quality of life (HRQL), ICD concerns, and ICD acceptance....

  17. Automatic Frequency Controller for Power Amplifiers Used in Bio-Implanted Applications: Issues and Challenges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahammad A. Hannan

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available With the development of communication technologies, the use of wireless systems in biomedical implanted devices has become very useful. Bio-implantable devices are electronic devices which are used for treatment and monitoring brain implants, pacemakers, cochlear implants, retinal implants and so on. The inductive coupling link is used to transmit power and data between the primary and secondary sides of the biomedical implanted system, in which efficient power amplifier is very much needed to ensure the best data transmission rates and low power losses. However, the efficiency of the implanted devices depends on the circuit design, controller, load variation, changes of radio frequency coil’s mutual displacement and coupling coefficients. This paper provides a comprehensive survey on various power amplifier classes and their characteristics, efficiency and controller techniques that have been used in bio-implants. The automatic frequency controller used in biomedical implants such as gate drive switching control, closed loop power control, voltage controlled oscillator, capacitor control and microcontroller frequency control have been explained. Most of these techniques keep the resonance frequency stable in transcutaneous power transfer between the external coil and the coil implanted inside the body. Detailed information including carrier frequency, power efficiency, coils displacement, power consumption, supplied voltage and CMOS chip for the controllers techniques are investigated and summarized in the provided tables. From the rigorous review, it is observed that the existing automatic frequency controller technologies are more or less can capable of performing well in the implant devices; however, the systems are still not up to the mark. Accordingly, current challenges and problems of the typical automatic frequency controller techniques for power amplifiers are illustrated, with a brief suggestions and discussion section concerning

  18. Development of a hybrid battery system for an implantable biomedical device, especially a defibrillator/cardioverter (ICD)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drews, Jürgen; Wolf, R.; Fehrmann, G.; Staub, R.

    An implantable defibrillator battery has to provide pulse power capabilities as well as high energy density. Low self-discharge rates are mandatory and a way to check the remaining available capacity is necessary. These requirements are accomplished by a system consisting of a lithium/manganese dioxide 6 V battery, plus a lithium/iodine-cell. The use of a high rate 6 V double-cell design in combination with a high energy density cell reduces the total volume required by the power source within an implantable defibrillator. The design features and performance data of the hybrid system are described.

  19. Development of a hybrid battery system for an implantable biomedical device, especially a defibrillator/cardioverter (ICD)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Drews, J.; Wolf, R.; Fehrmann, G.; Staub, R. [Litronik GmbH und Co., Pirna (Germany)

    1999-07-01

    An implantable defibrillator battery has to provide pulse power capabilities as well as high energy density. Low self-discharge rates are mandatory and a way to check the remaining available capacity is necessary. These requirements are accomplished by a system consisting of a lithium/manganese dioxide 6 V battery, plus a lithium/iodine-cell. The use of a high rate 6 V double-cell design in combination with a high energy density cell reduces the total volume required by the power source within an implantable defibrillator. The design features and performance data of the hybrid system are described. (orig.)

  20. Stretching Exercises Improve Vascular Endothelial Dysfunction Through Attenuation of Oxidative Stress in Chronic Heart Failure Patients With an Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kato, Michitaka; Masuda, Takashi; Ogano, Michio; Hotta, Kazuki; Takagi, Hisato; Tanaka, Shinya; Kamada, Yumi; Akiyama, Ayako; Kamekawa, Daisuke; Shimizu, Ryosuke; Tabata, Minoru; Tanabe, Jun; Umemoto, Takuya

    2017-03-01

    Endurance training improves oxidative stress and vascular endothelial dysfunction in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). However, patients with CHF and an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) or cardiac resynchronization therapy-defibrillator (CRT-D) often avoid endurance training for fear of ICD shock. Recent studies have reported that stretching exercises enhance antioxidant activity and improve vascular responses. Therefore, we aimed to assess the effects of 4 weeks of stretching exercises on oxidative stress and vascular endothelial function in patients with CHF with an ICD or CRT-D. Fifty sedentary patients with CHF (78% males; mean age = 70 ± 9 years; left ventricular ejection fraction = 26% ± 8%) with an ICD or CRT-D were randomly divided into a group that performed 4 weeks of stretching exercises (stretching group) and a group that continued a sedentary lifestyle (control group). We compared the reactive hyperemia peripheral arterial tonometry (RH-PAT) index and blood parameters, such as von Willebrand factor (vWF), malondialdehyde-modified low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (MDA-LDL), reactive oxygen species (ROS), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, pentraxin 3, and fibrinogen between the 2 groups before and after the 4-week study period. In the stretching group, a significant increase in the RH-PAT index and significant decreases in vWF, MDA-LDL, ROS, and fibrinogen concentrations were observed after the study compared with before (all P stretching exercises improved vascular endothelial dysfunction through attenuation of oxidative stress in sedentary patients with CHF with an ICD or CRT-D.

  1. Comparison of the effects of high-energy photon beam irradiation (10 and 18 MV) on 2 types of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hashii, Haruko; Hashimoto, Takayuki; Okawa, Ayako; Shida, Koichi; Isobe, Tomonori; Hanmura, Masahiro; Nishimura, Tetsuo; Aonuma, Kazutaka; Sakae, Takeji; Sakurai, Hideyuki

    2013-03-01

    Radiation therapy for cancer may be required for patients with implantable cardiac devices. However, the influence of secondary neutrons or scattered irradiation from high-energy photons (≥10 MV) on implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) is unclear. This study was performed to examine this issue in 2 ICD models. ICDs were positioned around a water phantom under conditions simulating clinical radiation therapy. The ICDs were not irradiated directly. A control ICD was positioned 140 cm from the irradiation isocenter. Fractional irradiation was performed with 18-MV and 10-MV photon beams to give cumulative in-field doses of 600 Gy and 1600 Gy, respectively. Errors were checked after each fraction. Soft errors were defined as severe (change to safety back-up mode), moderate (memory interference, no changes in device parameters), and minor (slight memory change, undetectable by computer). Hard errors were not observed. For the older ICD model, the incidences of severe, moderate, and minor soft errors at 18 MV were 0.75, 0.5, and 0.83/50 Gy at the isocenter. The corresponding data for 10 MV were 0.094, 0.063, and 0 /50 Gy. For the newer ICD model at 18 MV, these data were 0.083, 2.3, and 5.8 /50 Gy. Moderate and minor errors occurred at 18 MV in control ICDs placed 140 cm from the isocenter. The error incidences were 0, 1, and 0 /600 Gy at the isocenter for the newer model, and 0, 1, and 6 /600Gy for the older model. At 10 MV, no errors occurred in control ICDs. ICD errors occurred more frequently at 18 MV irradiation, which suggests that the errors were mainly caused by secondary neutrons. Soft errors of ICDs were observed with high energy photon beams, but most were not critical in the newer model. These errors may occur even when the device is far from the irradiation field. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. Lability of R- and T-wave peaks in three-dimensional electrocardiograms in implantable cardioverter defibrillator patients with ventricular tachyarrhythmia during follow-up.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Lichy; Tereshchenko, Larisa G

    2010-01-01

    From experiments, we know that the heterogeneity of action potential duration and morphology is an important mechanism of ventricular tachyarrhythmia. Electrocardiogram (ECG) markers of repolarization lability are known; however, lability of depolarization has not been systematically studied. We propose a novel method for the assessment of variability of both depolarization and repolarization phases of the cardiac cycle. Baseline orthogonal ECGs of 81 patients (mean ± SD age, 56 ± 13 years; 61 male [75%]) with structural heart disease and implanted single-chamber implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) were analyzed. Clean 30-beat intervals with absence of premature beats were then selected. Baseline wandering was corrected before analysis. Peaks of R wave and peaks of T wave were detected for each beat, and the axis magnitude was calculated. The peaks were plotted to show clouds of peaks and then used to construct a convex hull, and the volumes of the R peaks cloud and T peaks cloud and ratio of volumes were calculated. During a mean (SD) follow-up period of 13 (10) months, 9 of the 81 patients had sustained ventricular tachycardia or ventricular fibrillation (VT/VF) and received appropriate ICD therapies. All ICD events were adjudicated by three independent electrophysiologists. There was no statistically significant difference in the volume of T-wave peaks or R-wave peaks between patients with and without VT or VF during follow-up; however, R/T peaks cloud volume ratio was significantly lower in patients with subsequent VT/VF (22.4 ± 25.4 versus 13.1 ± 7.9, P = .024). Larger volume of T peaks cloud, measured during 30 beats of three-dimensional ECG, is associated with higher risk of sustained ventricular tachyarrhythmias and appropriate ICD therapies. New method to assess temporal variability of repolarization in three-dimensional ECGs by measuring volume of peak clouds shows potential for further exploration for VT/VF risk stratification. Copyright

  3. Patients' decision making to accept or decline an implantable cardioverter defibrillator for primary prevention of sudden cardiac death.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carroll, Sandra L; Strachan, Patricia H; de Laat, Sonya; Schwartz, Lisa; Arthur, Heather M

    2013-03-01

    Patients are offered implantable defibrillators (ICDs) for the prevention of sudden cardiac death (SCD). However, patients' decision-making process (DMP) of whether or not to accept an ICD has not been explored. We asked patients about their decision making when offered an ICD. A grounded theory methodology was employed. Patients were recruited from three ICD centres. Those who received an ICD underwent interviews the first month after implant. Declining patients had interviews at their convenience. In-depth analysis of transcripts was completed. Identified themes were placed along process pathways in a DMP model and tested. Forty-four patients consented to participate (25% women). Thirty-four accepted an ICD and 10 (23%) declined. Ages ranged from 26 to 87 (mean = 65; SD = 12.5). Participants were retired (65%), had ischaemic heart disease (64%) and some post-secondary education (52%). The DMP was triggered when patient's risk for SCD was communicated. The physician's recommendation and a new awareness SCD risk were motivators to accept the ICD. Patient's decision-making approaches fell along a continuum, from active and engaged to passive and indifferent. Patient's approaches were influenced most by the following: (i) trust; (ii) social influences and (iii) health state. Health-care providers need to recognize the DMP pathways in which ICD candidacy and SCD risk are understood. The factors that influence a patient's decision warrant discussion pre-implant. It is imperative that patients comprehend the meaning of ICD candidacy to make an informed decision. Participants did not recall alternatives to receiving ICD therapy. © 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

  4. Acute effects of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator shocks on biomarkers of myocardial injury, apoptosis, heart failure, and systemic inflammation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brewster, Jordan; Sexton, Travis; Dhaliwal, Gary; Charnigo, Richard; Morales, Gustavo; Parrott, Kevin; Darrat, Yousef; Gurley, John; Smyth, Susan; Elayi, Claude S.

    2017-01-01

    Background ICD shocks are potentially associated with myocardial injury, altered hemodynamics, apoptosis and inflammatory signaling. Their precise cellular impact can be explored after defibrillation testing (DFT) via biomarkers. We evaluated changes in biomarkers after ICD shocks during DFT. Methods We prospectively enrolled outpatients presenting for first implantation of a cardiac device. Biomarkers indicative of myocardial injury, inflammation and apoptosis were measured before and after implantation, and compared between patients receiving DFT (DFT+) to those not (DFT−). Results Sixty-three patients were enrolled, 40 in the DFT+ group and 23 in the DFT− group. Average levels of troponin I, hsCRP, Calprotectin, NTproBNP, and sFas increased by >50% after cardiac device implantation compared to baseline. Increase in troponin never exceeded 50 fold upper limit of normal (2ng/mL). Troponin trended higher in the DFT+ group at 8 hours (median 0.18 ng/mL, IQR 0.11–0.48) versus the DFT− group (0.10 ng/mL, IQR 0.06–0.28, P=0.0501); NTproBNP had a similar trend (p=0.0581). sFas significantly increased in the DFT+ group from baseline (median 4663 pg/mL, IQR 2908–5679) to 24 hours (5039 pg/mL, IQR 3274–6261; p=0.0338) but not in the DFT− group (p=0.4705). Conclusion DFT testing is associated with acutely increased plasma levels of troponin and sFas, a biomarker of apoptosis, along with a trend towards higher NTproBNP. PMID:28156007

  5. Patients’ decision making to accept or decline an implantable cardioverter defibrillator for primary prevention of sudden cardiac death

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carroll, Sandra L.; Strachan, Patricia H.; de Laat, Sonya; Schwartz, Lisa; Arthur, Heather M.

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Background  Patients are offered implantable defibrillators (ICDs) for the prevention of sudden cardiac death (SCD). However, patients’ decision‐making process (DMP) of whether or not to accept an ICD has not been explored. We asked patients about their decision making when offered an ICD. Design/Setting  A grounded theory methodology was employed. Patients were recruited from three ICD centres. Those who received an ICD underwent interviews the first month after implant. Declining patients had interviews at their convenience. In‐depth analysis of transcripts was completed. Identified themes were placed along process pathways in a DMP model and tested. Findings  Forty‐four patients consented to participate (25% women). Thirty‐four accepted an ICD and 10 (23%) declined. Ages ranged from 26 to 87 (mean = 65; SD = 12.5). Participants were retired (65%), had ischaemic heart disease (64%) and some post‐secondary education (52%). The DMP was triggered when patient’s risk for SCD was communicated. The physician’s recommendation and a new awareness SCD risk were motivators to accept the ICD. Patient’s decision‐making approaches fell along a continuum, from active and engaged to passive and indifferent. Patient’s approaches were influenced most by the following: (i) trust; (ii) social influences and (iii) health state. Conclusions  Health‐care providers need to recognize the DMP pathways in which ICD candidacy and SCD risk are understood. The factors that influence a patient’s decision warrant discussion pre‐implant. It is imperative that patients comprehend the meaning of ICD candidacy to make an informed decision. Participants did not recall alternatives to receiving ICD therapy. PMID:21645190

  6. The impact of co-morbidity burden on appropriate implantable cardioverter defibrillator therapy and all-cause mortality

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ruwald, Anne Christine; Vinther, Michael; Gislason, Gunnar H

    2017-01-01

    -ICD indication-related co-morbidities including atrial fibrillation, diabetes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, chronic renal disease, liver disease, cancer, chronic psychiatric disease, and peripheral and/or cerebrovascular disease, and divided into four groups (co-morbidity burden 0, 1, 2, and ≥3......). Through Cox models, we assessed the impact of co-morbidity burden on appropriate ICD therapy and mortality. Increasing co-morbidity burden was not associated with increased risk of appropriate therapy, irrespective of implant indication [all hazard ratios (HRs) 1.0-1.4, P = NS]. Using no co...

  7. Relation of symptomatic heart failure and psychological status to persistent depression in patients with implantable cardioverter-defibrillator

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Susanne S.; Hoogwegt, Madelein T; Jordaens, Luc

    2011-01-01

    .71), diuretics (OR 2.41; 95% CI 1.26 to 4.61), and psychotropic medication (OR 3.58; 95% CI 1.86 to 6.90) were all significant univariate correlates of persistent depression at 3 months. No effect was found for ICD shock during follow-up (OR 1.59; 95% CI 0.57 to 4.41). In adjusted analysis, New York Heart...... Association class III-IV (OR 2.95; 95% CI 1.47 to 5.89), Type D personality (OR 7.98; 95% CI 3.98 to 16.04), and the use of psychotropic medication (OR 2.73; 95% CI 1.27 to 5.84) were independent correlates of persistent depression. In conclusion, symptomatic heart failure, psychological status......, and psychotropic medication use predicted persistent depression after ICD implantation....

  8. The wearable cardioverter-defibrillator: current technology and evolving indications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reek, Sven; Burri, Haran; Roberts, Paul R; Perings, Christian; Epstein, Andrew E; Klein, Helmut U; Lip, Gregory; Gorenek, Bulent; Sticherling, Christian; Fauchier, Laurent; Goette, Andreas; Jung, Werner; Vos, Marc A; Brignole, Michele; Elsner, Christian; Dan, Gheorghe-Andrei; Marin, Francisco; Boriani, Giuseppe; Lane, Deirdre; Blomström-Lundqvist, Carina; Savelieva, Irina

    2017-03-01

    The wearable cardioverter-defibrillator has been available for over a decade and now is frequently prescribed for patients deemed at high arrhythmic risk in whom the underlying pathology is potentially reversible or who are awaiting an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator. The use of the wearable cardioverter-defibrillator is included in the new 2015 ESC guidelines for the management of ventricular arrhythmias and prevention of sudden cardiac death. The present review provides insight into the current technology and an overview of this approach. Published on behalf of the European Society of Cardiology. All rights reserved. © The Author 2016. For permissions please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  9. Estimating dose to implantable cardioverter-defibrillator outside the treatment fields using a skin QED diode, optically stimulated luminescent dosimeters, and LiF thermoluminescent dosimeters

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chan, Maria F., E-mail: chanm@mskcc.org [Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States); Song, Yulin; Dauer, Lawrence T.; Li Jingdong; Huang, David; Burman, Chandra [Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States)

    2012-10-01

    The purpose of this work was to determine the relative sensitivity of skin QED diodes, optically stimulated luminescent dosimeters (OSLDs) (microStar Trade-Mark-Sign DOT, Landauer), and LiF thermoluminescent dosimeters (TLDs) as a function of distance from a photon beam field edge when applied to measure dose at out-of-field points. These detectors have been used to estimate radiation dose to patients' implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) located outside the treatment field. The ICDs have a thin outer case made of 0.4- to 0.6-mm-thick titanium ({approx}2.4-mm tissue equivalent). A 5-mm bolus, being the equivalent depth of the devices under the patient's skin, was placed over the ICDs. Response per unit absorbed dose-to-water was measured for each of the dosimeters with and without bolus on the beam central axis (CAX) and at a distance up to 20 cm from the CAX. Doses were measured with an ionization chamber at various depths for 6- and 15-MV x-rays on a Varian Clinac-iX linear accelerator. Relative sensitivity of the detectors was determined as the ratio of the sensitivity at each off-axis distance to that at the CAX. The detector sensitivity as a function of the distance from the field edge changed by {+-} 3% (1-11%) for LiF TLD-700, decreased by 10% (5-21%) for OSLD, and increased by 16% (11-19%) for the skin QED diode (Sun Nuclear Corp.) at the equivalent depth of 5 mm for 6- or 15-MV photon energies. Our results showed that the use of bolus with proper thickness (i.e., {approx}d{sub max} of the photon energy) on the top of the ICD would reduce the scattered dose to a lower level. Dosimeters should be calibrated out-of-field and preferably with bolus equal in thickness to the depth of interest. This can be readily performed in clinic.

  10. Prescription of Guideline-Recommended Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator and Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy Among Patients Hospitalized With Heart Failure and Varying Degrees of Renal Function.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pun, Patrick H; Sheng, Shubin; Sanders, Gillian; DeVore, Adam D; Friedman, Daniel; Fonarow, Gregg C; Heidenreich, Paul A; Yancy, Clyde W; Hernandez, Adrian F; Al-Khatib, Sana M

    2017-03-15

    Implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD) and cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) reduce mortality in many patients with heart failure (HF), but the current use and effectiveness of ICD/CRT in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are uncertain. We examined associations between kidney function and guideline-recommended prescription of ICD/CRT in the Get With The Guidelines-Heart Failure registry, a performance improvement program for hospitalized patients with HF. We compared differences in ICD and CRT prescription between the following categories of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR; mL/min/1.73 m 2 ): ≥60, 59 to 30, <30, and dialysis dependent. From 2008 through 2014, 26,286 patients were eligible for ICD or CRT, and 16,123(61%) had an eGFR <60. De novo ICD and CRT prescription in this group was low at 45% and 30.5%, respectively. Compared to patients with eGFR ≥60, patients with eGFR 30 to 59 were more likely to receive an ICD (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 1.08, 95% confidence intervals [CI] 1.01 to 1.14), whereas dialysis patients were less likely (aOR 0.61, 95% CI 0.5 to 0.76). Worse kidney function was associated with a decreased likelihood of CRT prescription (aOR 0.97 per 10 ml/min eGFR decrease, p = 0.03). During the study period, the likelihood of both ICD and CRT prescription increased over time among patients with CKD (ICD aOR 1.12, 95% CI 1.07 to 1.18; CRT aOR 1.14, 95% CI 1.06 to 1.23, per year). Prescription of an ICT/CRT was associated with greater 1-year survival in all eGFR groups. In conclusion, there are significant CKD-based differences in prescription of ICD and CRT in HF. However, given the current state of evidence, it is unclear whether improved prescription of ICD and CRT in the CKD population will result in improvement in outcomes. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Manual for the psychotherapeutic treatment of acute and post-traumatic stress disorders following multiple shocks from implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jordan, Jochen; Titscher, Georg; Peregrinova, Ludmila; Kirsch, Holger

    2013-01-01

    In view of the increasing number of implanted cardioverter defibrillators (ICD), the number of people suffering from so-called "multiple ICD shocks" is also increasing. The delivery of more than five shocks (appropriate or inappropriate) in 12 months or three or more shocks (so called multiple shocks) in a short time period (24 hours) leads to an increasing number of patients suffering from severe psychological distress (anxiety disorder, panic disorder, adjustment disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder). Untreated persons show chronic disease processes and a low rate of spontaneous remission and have an increased morbidity and mortality. Few papers have been published concerning the psychotherapeutic treatment for these patients. The aim of this study is to develop a psychotherapeutic treatment for patients with a post-traumatic stress disorder or adjustment disorder after multiple ICD shocks. Explorative feasibility study: Treatment of 22 patients as a natural design without randomisation and without control group. The period of recruitment was three years, from March 2007 to March 2010. The study consisted of two phases: in the first phase (pilot study) we tested different components and dosages of psychotherapeutic treatments. The final intervention programme is presented in this paper. In the second phase (follow-up study) we assessed the residual post-traumatic stress symptoms in these ICD patients. The time between treatment and follow-up measurement was 12 to 30 months. Thirty-one patients were assigned to the Department of Psychocardiology after multiple shocks. The sample consisted of 22 patients who had a post-traumatic stress disorder or an adjustment disorder and were willing and able to participate. They were invited for psychological treatment. 18 of them could be included into the follow-up study. After the clinical assessment at the beginning and at the end of the inpatient treatment a post-treatment assessment with questionnaires followed. In

  12. A Pregnancy with Severe Hypertrophic Obstructive Cardiomyopathy after Surgery for an Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator: A Case Report and Literature Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Takashi Mitsui

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM is cardiac hypertrophy of ventricular myocardium with left ventricular outflow tract obstruction. We report a pregnancy with HOCM after defibrillator implantation surgery. The patient was a 33-year-old nulligravida and was categorized as New York Heart Association class II. Her brain natriuretic peptide (BNP level was 724.6 pg/dL at preconception. She received careful pregnancy management. However, because frequent uterine contractions were observed at 25 weeks and 6 days of pregnancy, she was hospitalized, and magnesium sulfate was started as a tocolytic agent. At 27 weeks and 5 days of pregnancy, she had respiratory discomfort and orthopnea with a sudden decrease in peripheral oxygen saturation. Cardiac ultrasonography showed a worsened condition of HOCM and her BNP level was 1418.0 pg/mL. We performed an emergent cesarean section and she delivered a boy weighing 999 g. The Apgar score was 8 and 9 points at 1 and 5 minutes, respectively. The mother’s heart failure quickly improved after birth and she was discharged at 10 days postoperatively. Fluctuations in circulatory dynamics during pregnancy may sometimes exacerbate heart disease. Therefore, the risks should be fully explained and careful assessment of cardiac function should be performed during pregnancy in patients with severe HOCM.

  13. Effect of Metoprolol Versus Carvedilol on Outcomes in MADIT-CRT (Multicenter Automatic Defibrillator Implantation Trial With Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ruwald, Martin H; Ruwald, Anne-Christine H; Jøns, Christian

    2013-01-01

    This study sought to compare the effects of metoprolol and carvedilol in the MADIT-CRT (Multicenter Automatic Defibrillator Implantation Trial With Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy) study.......This study sought to compare the effects of metoprolol and carvedilol in the MADIT-CRT (Multicenter Automatic Defibrillator Implantation Trial With Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy) study....

  14. Clinical safety of an MRI conditional implantable cardioverter defibrillator system: A prospective Monocenter ICD-Magnetic resonance Imaging feasibility study (MIMI).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kypta, Alexander; Blessberger, Hermann; Hoenig, Simon; Saleh, Karim; Lambert, Thomas; Kammler, Juergen; Fellner, Franz; Lichtenauer, Michael; Steinwender, Clemens

    2016-03-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the Lumax 740(®) Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICD) system in patients undergoing a defined 1.5 Tesla (T) MRI. Between November 2013 and April 2014, eighteen patients (age range, 41-78 years; mean age, 64 years) implanted with a Lumax 740(®) ICD system for at least 6 weeks before an MRI were enrolled into this single-center feasibility study. The local ethics committee approved the study before patients gave written informed consent. Patients underwent defined MRI 1.5T of the brain and lower lumbar spine with three safety follow-up evaluations obtained during the 3-month study period. Data were analyzed descriptively. Study endpoints were the absence of either MRI and pacing system related serious adverse device effects (SADE), or of a ventricular pacing threshold increase >0.5V, or of an R-wave amplitude attenuation battery status. Sixteen patients completed the MRI and the follow-up period. As no SADE occurred, the SADE free rate was 100%. Freedom from ventricular pacing threshold increase was 100% (16/16; 95%CI: 82.9%; 100.0%). There were no significant differences between baseline and follow-up measurements of sensing amplitudes (-0.58 ± 2.07 mV, P = 0.239, -0.41 ± 1.04 mV, P = 0.133, and -0.25 ± 1.36 mV, P = 0.724, for immediately after, 1 month and 3 months after MRI scan, respectively) and pacing thresholds (-0.047 ± 0.18 V, P = 0.317, -0.019 ± 0.11 V, P = 0.490, and 0.075 ± 0.19 V, P = 0.070, for immediately after, 1 month and 3 months after MRI scan, respectively). Lead impedances after the MRI scan were significantly lower as compared with baseline values (-22.8 ± 21.69 Ω, P = 0.001, -21.62 ± 39.71 Ω, P = 0.040, and -33.68 ± 57.73 Ω, P = 0.018, for immediately after, 1 month and 3 months after MRI scan, respectively). MRI scans in patients with MRI conditional ICD system (Lumax 740(

  15. Complications after cardiac implantable electronic device implantations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kirkfeldt, Rikke Esberg; Johansen, Jens Brock; Nohr, Ellen Aagaard

    2014-01-01

    Complications after cardiac implantable electronic device (CIED) treatment, including permanent pacemakers (PMs), cardiac resynchronization therapy devices with defibrillators (CRT-Ds) or without (CRT-Ps), and implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs), are associated with increased patient...

  16. Acompanhamento clínico de pacientes portadores de cardioversor-desfibrilador implantável Clinical follow-up of patients with implantable cardioverter-defibrillator

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Martelo Souza da Fonseca

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Relatar o perfil de terapias apropriadas (TA e inapropriadas (TI do cardioversores-desfibriladores implantáveis (CDI em portadores de cardiopatia isquêmica e não-isquêmica e as complicações precoces e tardias do procedimento. MÉTODOS: Foram analisados 155 pacientes (119 homens e 36 mulheres, idade média de 47 (21-88 anos, submetidos ao implante de CDI. Foram divididos em grupos I - pacientes pós-infarto agudo do miocárdio (IAM (n = 80, grupo II - cardiopatia não-isquêmica e fração de ejeção de ventrículo esquerdo (FEVE OBJECTIVE: To report appropriate (AT and inappropriate (IT ICD therapies in patients with ischemic and nonischemic heart disease, as well as early and late procedure-related complications. METHODS: One hundred and fifty-five patients (119 male and 36 female, mean age 47 years (21-88, who underwent ICD implantation between 1994 and March 2003 were analyzed. Patients were divided into the following groups: Group I - Post-AMI patients (n = 80; Group II - Patients with nonischemic heart disease and LV ejection fraction < 40% (n = 45, Chagas disease (n = 18, idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (n= 12, hypertensive disease (n = 8, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (n = 4 and valvular heart disease (n = 3; Group III - Patients with arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia (n = 13; and Group IV - Patients with channelopathies: Brugada Syndrome (n = 8 and idiopathic ventricular arrhythmias (n = 9. All patients underwent electrophysiological study (EPS with induction of sustained ventricular arrhythmia ICD implantation. RESULTS: During the 26-month mean follow up, a high rate of appropriate ICD therapies (antitachycardia pacing and/or shock was observed (46% in the four groups, with no statistically significant difference. The four groups did not differ in either overall (8.4% or arrhythmic mortality (1.3%. There was no correlation between appropriate ICD therapies and initial clinical presentation or inducible

  17. Subcutaneous Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Rahul Doshi , Leslie A. Saxon Download PDF https://doi.org/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.113.006645 Circulation. 2014; 129: ... e644-e646 , originally published June 9, 2014 https://doi.org/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.113.006645 Citation Manager Formats ...

  18. Automatic Supporting System for Regionalization of Ventricular Tachycardia Exit Site in Implantable Defibrillators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanromán-Junquera, Margarita; Mora-Jiménez, Inmaculada; Almendral, Jesús; García-Alberola, Arcadio; Rojo-Álvarez, José Luis

    2015-01-01

    Electrograms stored in Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators (ICD-EGM) have been proven to convey useful information for roughly determining the anatomical location of the Left Ventricular Tachycardia exit site (LVTES). Our aim here was to evaluate the possibilities from a machine learning system intended to provide an estimation of the LVTES anatomical region with the use of ICD-EGM in the situation where 12-lead electrocardiogram of ventricular tachycardia are not available. Several machine learning techniques were specifically designed and benchmarked, both from classification (such as Neural Networks (NN), and Support Vector Machines (SVM)) and regression (Kernel Ridge Regression) problem statements. Classifiers were evaluated by using accuracy rates for LVTES identification in a controlled number of anatomical regions, and the regression approach quality was studied in terms of the spatial resolution. We analyzed the ICD-EGM of 23 patients (18±10 EGM per patient) during left ventricular pacing and simultaneous recording of the spatial coordinates of the pacing electrode with a navigation system. Several feature sets extracted from ICD-EGM (consisting of times and voltages) were shown to convey more discriminative information than the raw waveform. Among classifiers, the SVM performed slightly better than NN. In accordance with previous clinical works, the average spatial resolution for the LVTES was about 3 cm, as in our system, which allows it to support the faster determination of the LVTES in ablation procedures. The proposed approach also provides with a framework suitable for driving the design of improved performance future systems. PMID:25910170

  19. Automatic supporting system for regionalization of ventricular tachycardia exit site in implantable defibrillators.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margarita Sanromán-Junquera

    Full Text Available Electrograms stored in Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators (ICD-EGM have been proven to convey useful information for roughly determining the anatomical location of the Left Ventricular Tachycardia exit site (LVTES. Our aim here was to evaluate the possibilities from a machine learning system intended to provide an estimation of the LVTES anatomical region with the use of ICD-EGM in the situation where 12-lead electrocardiogram of ventricular tachycardia are not available. Several machine learning techniques were specifically designed and benchmarked, both from classification (such as Neural Networks (NN, and Support Vector Machines (SVM and regression (Kernel Ridge Regression problem statements. Classifiers were evaluated by using accuracy rates for LVTES identification in a controlled number of anatomical regions, and the regression approach quality was studied in terms of the spatial resolution. We analyzed the ICD-EGM of 23 patients (18±10 EGM per patient during left ventricular pacing and simultaneous recording of the spatial coordinates of the pacing electrode with a navigation system. Several feature sets extracted from ICD-EGM (consisting of times and voltages were shown to convey more discriminative information than the raw waveform. Among classifiers, the SVM performed slightly better than NN. In accordance with previous clinical works, the average spatial resolution for the LVTES was about 3 cm, as in our system, which allows it to support the faster determination of the LVTES in ablation procedures. The proposed approach also provides with a framework suitable for driving the design of improved performance future systems.

  20. The role of the wearable cardioverter defibrillator in clinical practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chung, Mina K

    2014-05-01

    The wearable cardioverter defibrillator (WCD) is an option for external monitoring and defibrillation in patients at risk for sudden cardiac arrest caused by ventricular tachycardia or ventricular fibrillation and who are not candidates for or who refuse an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD). WCDs provide monitoring with backup defibrillation protection. WCDs have been used when a patient's condition delays or prohibits ICD implantation, or as a bridge when an indicated ICD must be explanted. WCDs are used for primary prevention of sudden cardiac death during high-risk gap periods early after myocardial infarction, coronary revascularization, or new diagnosis of heart failure. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. Use of the Wearable Cardioverter Defibrillator in High-Risk Populations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lamichhane, Madhab; Safadi, Abdul; Surapaneni, Phani; Salehi, Negar; Thakur, Ranjan K

    2016-08-01

    The United States Food and Drug Administration has approved the wearable cardioverter defibrillator (WCD) for use in patients who are at high risk for sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) and who do not yet have an established indication for an implantation cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) or have contraindications for device implantation for various reasons. The WCD is typically used for primary prevention in (1) high-risk patients with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤35 % after recent acute myocardial infarction (MI) during the 40-day ICD waiting period, (2) before and after coronary artery bypass graft or percutaneous coronary intervention during the 90-day ICD waiting period, (3) after recently diagnosed nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (NICM) during the 3- to 9-month medical therapy optimization period, or (4) for those with inherited proarrhythmic conditions such as long QT syndrome or hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Unlike the automatic external defibrillator, the WCD does not require assistance from bystanders for therapy and conscious patients can delay or avert therapy with the use of response buttons. The WCD exhibits a small risk of inappropriate shock, mostly due to supraventricular tachycardia and/or electrical noise. Multiple non-randomized observational studies have shown high efficacy in detection and appropriate shock therapy for sustained ventricular tachyarrhythmias. This paper discusses the use of the WCD for prevention of SCA in patients with various cardiac substrates.

  2. Automatic localization of cochlear implant electrodes in CTs with a limited intensity range

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Yiyuan; Dawant, Benoit M.; Noble, Jack H.

    2017-02-01

    Cochlear implants (CIs) are neural prosthetics for treating severe-to-profound hearing loss. Our group has developed an image-guided cochlear implant programming (IGCIP) system that uses image analysis techniques to recommend patientspecific CI processor settings to improve hearing outcomes. One crucial step in IGCIP is the localization of CI electrodes in post-implantation CTs. Manual localization of electrodes requires time and expertise. To automate this process, our group has proposed automatic techniques that have been validated on CTs acquired with scanners that produce images with an extended range of intensity values. However, there are many clinical CTs acquired with a limited intensity range. This limitation complicates the electrode localization process. In this work, we present a pre-processing step for CTs with a limited intensity range and extend the methods we proposed for full intensity range CTs to localize CI electrodes in CTs with limited intensity range. We evaluate our method on CTs of 20 subjects implanted with CI arrays produced by different manufacturers. Our method achieves a mean localization error of 0.21mm. This indicates our method is robust for automatic localization of CI electrodes in different types of CTs, which represents a crucial step for translating IGCIP from research laboratory to clinical use.

  3. Somatosensory amplification mediates sex differences in psychological distress among cardioverter-defibrillator patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Versteeg, Henneke; Baumert, Jens; Kolb, Christof

    2010-01-01

    The present study examined whether female patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) report more psychological distress than male patients, and whether somatosensory amplification mediates this relationship. Design: Consecutive ICD patients (N = 241; 33% women) participating...

  4. Impacto da parada cardíaca induzida nas funções cognitivas após o implante de cardiodesfibrilador Impacto de la parada cardíaca inducida en las funciones cognitivas después del implante de desfibrilador cardiaco Impact of induced cardiac arrest on cognitive function after implantation of a cardioverter-defibrillator

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauro Prado da Silva

    2009-02-01

    1980 y se considera el tratamiento estándar para individuos bajo el riesgo de desarrollar arritmias ventriculares fatales. Con el interés de garantizar el funcionamiento adecuado del desfibrilador cardiaco, la energía necesaria para el término de la taquicardia ventricular o de la fibrilación ventricular, debe ser determinada durante el implante, siendo este procedimiento llamado test del límite de desfibrilación. Para la realización del test es necesario que se haga la inducción de la fibrilación ventricular, para que el aparato pueda identificar el ritmo cardíaco y tratarlo. El objetivo de este estudio fue verificar la incidencia de disfunción cognitiva 24 horas después del implante del desfibrilador cardiaco. MÉTODO: Se seleccionó una muestra consecutiva de 30 pacientes con indicación de colocación de desfibrilador cardiaco implantable (DCI y 30 pacientes con indicación de implante de marca-paso (MP. Los pacientes fueron evaluados en los siguientes momentos: 24 horas antes de la colocación del DCI o MP con ficha de evaluación preanestésica, Mini-Examen del Estado Mental (MEEM y Confusion Assessment Method (CAM. Durante el implante del DCI o MP fueron medidas las variables: número de paradas cardíacas y tiempo total de parada cardíaca. Veinte y cuatro horas después de la colocación del DCI o MP, se evaluaron las variables: MEEM y CAM. RESULTADOS: El test de Fisher mostró que no había diferencia de la frecuencia de puntuaciones alteradas del MEEM y del CAM entre los grupos antes y después de los implantes. El tiempo promedio de PCR 7,06, con máximos y mínimos de 15,1 y 4,7 segundos. CONCLUSIONES: La inducción de parada cardíaca durante el test del límite de desfibrilación, no conllevó a la disfunción cognitiva veinte y cuatro horas después del implante del desfibrilador cardiaco.BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICD were introduced in clinical practice in 1980 and they are considered the standard

  5. Multicentre comparison Of shock efficacy using single-vs. Dual-coil lead systems and Anodal vs. cathodaL polarITY defibrillation in patients undergoing transvenous cardioverter-defibrillator implantation. The MODALITY study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baccillieri, Maria Stella; Gasparini, Gianni; Benacchio, Luca; Zorzi, Alessandro; Marras, Elena; Zerbo, Francesca; Tomasi, Luca; Vaccari, Diego; Pastore, Gianni; Bonanno, Carlo; Molon, Giulio; Zanotto, Gabriele; Fusco, Antonio; Carasi, Massimo; Zorzi, Andrea; Calzolari, Vittorio; Ignatiuk, Barbara; Cannas, Sergio; Vaglio, Alessandro; Al Bunni, Muhamad; Pedrini, Antonella; Olivieri, Armando; Rampazzo, Roberta; Minicuci, Nadia; Corrado, Domenico; Verlato, Roberto

    2015-06-01

    An optimal active-can lead configuration during implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) placement is important to obtain an adequate defibrillation safety margin. The purpose of this multicenter study was to evaluate the rate of the first shock success at defibrillation testing according to the type of lead implant (single vs. dual coil) and shock polarity (cathodal and anodal) in a large series of consecutive patients who received transvenous ICDs. This was a multicenter study enrolling 469 consecutive patients. Single- versus dual-coil leads and cathodal versus anodal polarity were evaluated at defibrillation testing. In all cases, the value of the energy for the first shock was set to 20 J less than the maximum energy deliverable from the device. A total of 469 patients underwent defibrillation testing: 158 (34 %) had dual-coil and 311 (66 %) had single-coil lead systems configuration, 254 (54 %) received anodal shock and 215 (46 %) received cathodal shock. In 35 (7.4 %) patients, the shock was unsuccessful. No significant differences in the outcome of defibrillation testing using single- versus dual-coil lead were observed but the multivariate analysis showed an increased risk of shock failure using cathodal shock polarity (OR 2.37, 95 % CI 1.12-5.03). Both single- and dual-coil transvenous ICD lead systems were associated with high rates of successful ICD implantation, and we found no significant differences in ventricular arrhythmias interruption between the two ICD lead systems configuration. Instead, anodal defibrillation was more likely to be successful than cathodal defibrillation.

  6. ICD implantation via thoracoscopy, "mailslot" thoracotomy, and subxiphoid incision.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brodman, R F; Furman, S; Fell, S C; Foxx, M J; Frame, R A; Fisher, J D; Kim, S G; Roth, J A; Ferrick, K J

    1994-02-01

    An improved method of thoracoscopic implantable cardioverter defibrillators implantation is described. "Mailslot" thoracotomy is more expeditious than thoracoscopic implantation via multiple ports. If required for adequate defibrillation thresholds, subxiphoid, subdiaphragmatic implantation of a defibrillator patch may be performed.

  7. Introducing ICD-resistant mortality as an end point to evaluate the clinical efficacy of an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator in ischaemic cardiomyopathy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Floré, Vincent; Vandenberk, Bert; Belmans, Ann; Garweg, Christophe; Ector, Joris; Willems, Rik

    2018-02-01

    A new end point called ICD-resistant mortality was evaluated to assess the clinical efficacy of ICD implantations. In 302 ICD patients with ischaemic cardiomyopathy, we investigated which clinical parameters predicted useful ICD implantations using cumulative incidence competing risk analysis. Implantation was deemed clinically useful when the ICD provided appropriate therapy and the patient survived implantation by 1 year and the first shock by 30 days. ICD-resistant mortality (ICDRM) was defined as death within 30 days after the first shock, within 1 year of implantation or without previous appropriate ICD therapy. After 5 years, ICDRM occurred in 23% of implantations, while 36% were clinically useful. After multivariable analysis, ICDRM was associated with LVEF <35% (HR: 2.63; p = .005), beta-blocker dose <50% (HR: 2.0; p = .01) and anterior or diffuse infarct location (HR: 3.61; p = .001 and HR: 2.89; p = .02). Useful ICD implantations were associated with beta-blocker dose <50% (HR: 1.64; p = .02) and non-anterior infarct location (HR: 3.22 vs anterior and 1.59 vs diffuse; combined p<.001). Five years after implantation, an ICD could be classified as useful in 1 out of 3, while ICDRM occurred in one out of four patients. At 10 years, up to 80% of implantations could be categorized. Lower LVEF was related with significantly higher incidence of ICDRM. Anterior infarcts were associated with more ICDRM and less useful implantations than non-anterior infarcts. Future risk stratification for ICD should focus more on the discrimination between arrhythmic risk, probably preventable by ICDs and ICD-resistant mortality risk.

  8. Nursing care to the patient with implantable automatic fibre-removing machine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Isabel García Mora

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available The primary prevention of the cardiac sudden death constitutes one of the main challenges of the present cardiology. The main reason for this interest comes dice by the little possibilities of surviving an extra-hospital cardiac shutdown, smaller of 20%.El implantable automatic fibre-removing machine (DAI is the most effective therapy to prevent the cardiac sudden death related to ventricular tachyarrhythmias. From the beginnings of the therapy by means of the DAI, besides the survival and the quality of life of the patients it has constituted an important reason for attention. The carrying patients present/display agreements that can have an excellent impact in their quality of life. The infirmary personnel must know the therapy the DAI, to be able to provide to the patients and their familiar surroundings the optimal cares to confront its daily life, a level of confidence and comfort derived from the positioning of a permanent electronics.

  9. MR Imaging in patients with cardiac pacemakers and implantable cardioverter defibrillators. Consensus paper of the German Cardiac Society and the German Roentgen Society; MR-Untersuchungen bei Patienten mit Herzschrittmachern und implantierbaren Kardioverter-Defibrillatoren. Konsensuspapier der Deutschen Gesellschaft fuer Kardiologie (DGK) und der Deutschen Roentgengesellschaft (DRG)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sommer, Torsten [DRK Krankenhaus, Neuwied (Germany). Klinik fuer Diagnostische und Interventionelle Radiologie; Bauer, Wolfgang [Deutsches Zentrum fuer Herzinsuffizienz Univ. Wuerzburg (Germany). Med. Klinik und Poliklinik I Univ. Klinikum Wuerzburg; Fischbach, Katharina [Universitaetsklinikum Magdeburg (Germany). Klinik fuer Radiologie und Nuklearmedizin; and others

    2017-03-15

    This joint consensus paper of the German Roentgen Society and the German Cardiac Society provides physical and electrophysiological background information and specific recommendations for the procedural management of patients with cardiac pacemakers (PM) and implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD) undergoing magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. The paper outlines the responsibilities of radiologists and cardiologists regarding patient education, indications, and monitoring with modification of MR sequences and PM/ICD reprogramming strategies being discussed in particular. The aim is to optimize patient safety and to improve legal clarity in order to facilitate the access of SM/ICD patients to MR imaging.

  10. Results of ENHANCED Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator Programming to Reduce Therapies and Improve Quality of Life (from the ENHANCED-ICD Study)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mastenbroek, Mirjam H.; Pedersen, Susanne S.; van der Tweel, Ingeborg

    2016-01-01

    implanted with any type of ICD with SmartShock technology and aged 18 to 80 years were eligible to participate. In all patients, a prolonged NID 60/80 was programmed. The cycle length for VT/fast VT/VF was 360/330/240 ms, respectively. Programming a NID 60/80 proved safe for ICD patients. Because of the new...

  11. Clinical impact of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator in primary prevention of total mortality in non-ischaemic cardiomyopathy: results from a meta-analysis of prospective randomized clinical trials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romero, Jorge; Díaz, Juan Carlos; Grushko, Michael; Quispe, Renato; Briceno, David; Avendano, Ricardo; Golive, Anjani; Pina, Ileana; Natale, Andrea; Garcia, Mario J; Jorde, Ulrich P; Di Biase, Luigi

    2017-11-17

    Primary prophylactic implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) have demonstrated a clear all-cause mortality benefit in patients with ischaemic cardiomyopathy, with less compelling evidence supporting its use in patients with non-ischaemic cardiomyopathy (NICM). We performed a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating the role of ICD for reduction in total mortality in NICM patients. An electronic search on PubMed, the Cochrane Library, and EMBASE databases was performed to identify the RCTs evaluating the role of prophylactic ICD placement in NICM patients. Mantel-Haenszel risk ratio (RR) fixed-effects model was used to summarize data across treatment arms. Random-effects model was used if heterogeneity (I2) ≥ 25. Patients with cardiac resynchronization therapy pacemaker (CRT-P) were included in the control group. Six RCTs, with a total of 3128 patients and a mean follow-up period of 48 ± 22 months comparing ICD with medical therapy in NICM were included in this analysis. There was a significant reduction in all-cause mortality in the ICD group compared with the medical therapy group [RR 0.79, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 0.68-0.92; P = 0.002]. No publication bias was noted. Currently available evidence demonstrates that the use of ICD provides a clear and significant reduction in all-cause mortality among patients with NICM. Published on behalf of the European Society of Cardiology. All rights reserved. © The Author 2017. For permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  12. Is modification of the VVI backup mode in implantable cardioverter-defibrillators from St Jude medical required due to increased risk of inappropriate shocks?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Philbert, Berit T; Tfelt-Hansen, Jacob; Jacobsen, Peter K

    2017-01-01

    to VVI backup mode. All four patients were implanted with a St Jude Medical ICD since 2010. The reset to VVI backup mode happens as a 'safety' response when the ICD encounters errors in the software or hardware often due to electromagnetic interference. The ICD then operates in a simple mode, with only...... during sinus rhythm. The VVI backup mode has to balance between protection from failure of ICD therapy during life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias and from inappropriate shocks. It seems the non-programmable parameters in VVI backup mode of St Jude Medical ICDs carry an unacceptable high risk...

  13. Use of the wearable cardioverter defibrillator in high-risk cardiac patients: data from the Prospective Registry of Patients Using the Wearable Cardioverter Defibrillator (WEARIT-II Registry).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kutyifa, Valentina; Moss, Arthur J; Klein, Helmut; Biton, Yitschak; McNitt, Scott; MacKecknie, Bonnie; Zareba, Wojciech; Goldenberg, Ilan

    2015-10-27

    Prospective data on the safety and efficacy of the wearable cardioverter defibrillator (WCD) in a real-world setting are lacking. The Prospective Registry of Patients Using the Wearable Defibrillator (WEARIT-II) Registry was designed to provide real-world data on the WCD as a strategy during a period of risk stratification. The WEARIT-II Registry enrolled 2000 patients with ischemic (n=805, 40%), or nonischemic cardiomyopathy (n=927, 46%), or congenital/inherited heart disease (n=268) prescribed WCD between August 2011 and February 2014. Clinical data, arrhythmia events, implantable cardioverter defibrillator implantation, and improvement in ejection fraction were captured. The median age was 62 years; the median ejection fraction was 25%. The median WCD wear time was 90 days, with median daily use of 22.5 hours. There was a total of 120 sustained ventricular tachyarrhythmias in 41 patients, of whom 54% received appropriate WCD shock. Only 10 patients (0.5%) received inappropriate WCD therapy. The rate of sustained ventricular tachyarrhythmias by 3 months was 3% among patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy and congenital/inherited heart disease, and 1% among nonischemic patients (P=0.02). At the end of WCD use, 840 patients (42%) were implanted with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator. The most frequent reason not to implant an implantable cardioverter defibrillator following WCD use was improvement in ejection fraction. The WEARIT-II Registry demonstrates a high rate of sustained ventricular tachyarrhythmias at 3 months in at-risk patients who are not eligible for an implantable cardioverter defibrillator, and suggests that the WCD can be safely used to protect patients during this period of risk assessment. © 2015 American Heart Association, Inc.

  14. Impact of in-clinic follow-up visits in patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators: demographic and socioeconomic analysis of the TARIFF study population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ricci, Renato P; Vicentini, Alfredo; D'Onofrio, Antonio; Sagone, Antonio; Vincenti, Antonio; Padeletti, Luigi; Morichelli, Loredana; Fusco, Antonio; Vecchione, Filippo; Lo Presti, Francesco; Denaro, Alessandra; Pollastrelli, Annalisa; Santini, Massimo

    2013-11-01

    Remote monitoring of cardiac implantable electronic devices has been demonstrated to safely reduce frequency of hospital visits. Limited studies are available evaluating the economic impact. The aim of this article is to highlight the social impact and costs for the patients associated with hospital visits for routine device follow-up at the enrollment visit for the TARIFF study (NCT01075516). TARIFF is a prospective, cohort, observational study designed to compare the costs and impact on quality of life between clinic-based and remote care device follow-up strategies. Two hundred nine patients (85.2 % males) were enrolled in the study; 153 patients (73.2 %) were retired, 36 (17.2 %) were active workers, 18 (8.6 %) were housewives, and 2 (1.0 %) were looking for a job. Among active workers, 63.9 % required time off from work to attend the hospital visit, while 67.0 % of all patients had to interrupt daily activities. The majority of patients spent half a day or more attending the visit. A carer accompanied 77 % of patients. Among carers, 36.6 % required time off from work, and 77.6 % had to interrupt daily activities. Median distance traveled was 36 km. The average cost of travel was 10 euros with 25 % of patients spending more than 30 euros. Data from patients enrolled in the TARIFF registry confirm that there are social and economic impacts to patients attending routine device checks in hospital which can be significantly reduced by using a remote monitoring strategy.

  15. The Significance of Dispositional Optimism and Coping in Predicting Psychological Distress, Life Satisfaction, Health Perception, and Frequency of Discharges in the Automatic Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (AICD) Patient

    OpenAIRE

    Damin, Paul B.

    1993-01-01

    Dispositional optimism, as a stable outcome expectancy, has been shown to predict health outcomes in several contexts. Research has demonstrated that health-impaired subjects with optimistic outlooks fared better than those with a pessimistic outlook. Choice of coping strategies has been theorized as the mediating factor through which optimism operates. However, the construct of dispositional optimism has been challenged as a polar opposite of neuroticism, thus contending that optimism is not...

  16. Increased anxiety in partners of patients with a cardioverter-defibrillator

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Susanne S.; VAN DEN Berg, Martha; Erdman, Ruud A M

    2009-01-01

    The partner of the implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) patient serves as an important source of support for the patient, which may be hampered if the partner experiences increased distress. We examined (1) potential differences in anxiety and depressive symptoms in ICD patients compared...

  17. Patients' knowledge and attitudes regarding living with implantable electronic devices

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haugaa, Kristina Hermann; Potpara, Tatjana S; Boveda, Serge

    2018-01-01

    The purpose of this patient survey was to analyse the knowledge, experiences, and attitudes regarding cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIED) in patients with pacemakers, implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs), or cardiac resynchronization devices. Of the 1644 patients with CIEDs fr...

  18. Aspects of an automatic system of implants of radioactive seeds and anatomic object simulator for tests in prostate brachytherapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Silva, Leonardo S.M.; Braga, Viviane V.B.; Campos, Tarcísio P. R. de

    2017-01-01

    This work presents the state of the art of the research and development of an automatic radioactive seed implantation system (PSIS). PSIS may assist in the procedure of testing permanent implants in the prostate. These tests will be important in measurements of absorbed doses in the pelvic structures, involving the organs and tissues at risk to improve planning, seed positioning and dosimetry. The automated Prostate Seed Implant System (PSIS) has been designed to meet operational needs, which offers the freedom of positioning of the brachytherapy needle within the treatment area and ensures repeatability and fidelity to the planned treatment. Both the ultrasound probe and the seed implant needle are driven by step motors, Atmega microcontroller, bearings, aluminum shafts and a GUI (Graphical User Interface). Movement of both the probe and the needle holder was performed by fixed spindle on a threaded rod rushing to the step motors by a coupling. The step motors used to move the system consist of step motors used in CNC (Computer Numeric Control) machine. The choice of these engines occurred due to the precision in the movements that can be obtained with these types of motors. The ultrasound probe serves to help, through the images acquired during the longitudinal movement, to monitor the application of the seeds. The parts that make up the system infrastructure were made of aluminum and translucent acrylic and cylindrical aluminum bars of different diameters. All these pieces were fixed and adjusted trough screws, washers, nuts and adhesive to metal, composing the final prototype of the PSIS. The project was developed and the PSIS prototype was assembled. The prototype presented acceptable operating characteristics for prostate implants. The advantage of this system is the automation of the application that provides an accurate positioning and movement of both probe and seed application. In addition to this study, seeds implantation tests will be performed, and

  19. Aspects of an automatic system of implants of radioactive seeds and anatomic object simulator for tests in prostate brachytherapy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silva, Leonardo S.M.; Braga, Viviane V.B.; Campos, Tarcísio P. R. de, E-mail: leonardosantiago.lsms@gmail.com, E-mail: vitoriabraga06@gmail.com, E-mail: tprcampos@yahoo.com.br [Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (PCTN/UFMG), Belo Horizonte (Brazil). Pós-Graduação em Ciências e Técnicas Nucleares. Departamento de Engenharia Nuclear

    2017-07-01

    This work presents the state of the art of the research and development of an automatic radioactive seed implantation system (PSIS). PSIS may assist in the procedure of testing permanent implants in the prostate. These tests will be important in measurements of absorbed doses in the pelvic structures, involving the organs and tissues at risk to improve planning, seed positioning and dosimetry. The automated Prostate Seed Implant System (PSIS) has been designed to meet operational needs, which offers the freedom of positioning of the brachytherapy needle within the treatment area and ensures repeatability and fidelity to the planned treatment. Both the ultrasound probe and the seed implant needle are driven by step motors, Atmega microcontroller, bearings, aluminum shafts and a GUI (Graphical User Interface). Movement of both the probe and the needle holder was performed by fixed spindle on a threaded rod rushing to the step motors by a coupling. The step motors used to move the system consist of step motors used in CNC (Computer Numeric Control) machine. The choice of these engines occurred due to the precision in the movements that can be obtained with these types of motors. The ultrasound probe serves to help, through the images acquired during the longitudinal movement, to monitor the application of the seeds. The parts that make up the system infrastructure were made of aluminum and translucent acrylic and cylindrical aluminum bars of different diameters. All these pieces were fixed and adjusted trough screws, washers, nuts and adhesive to metal, composing the final prototype of the PSIS. The project was developed and the PSIS prototype was assembled. The prototype presented acceptable operating characteristics for prostate implants. The advantage of this system is the automation of the application that provides an accurate positioning and movement of both probe and seed application. In addition to this study, seeds implantation tests will be performed, and

  20. Incidência de choques e qualidade de vida em jovens com cardioversor-desfibrilador implantável Incidence of shock and quality of life in young patients with implantable cardioverter-defibrillator

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Costa

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: Avaliar a incidência e a causa de choques de CDI em crianças e adolescentes e sua repercussão na qualidade de vida (QV. MÉTODOS: De março/1997 a fevereiro/2006, 29 pacientes (15,7±5,4 anos foram submetidos a implante de CDI. Parada cardiorrespiratória recuperada (41,5%, taquicardia ventricular sustentada (27,6% e profilaxia primária de morte súbita cardíaca (30,9% motivaram os implantes. O número de terapias foi avaliado por entrevista e pela telemetria dos CDI. A QV foi avaliada pela aplicação do questionário SF-36 e comparada à de indivíduos saudáveis. Empregou-se o método de Kaplan-Meier para análise da sobrevida livre de choques. RESULTADOS: Após 2,6±1,8 anos de seguimento, 8 (27,6% pacientes receberam 141 choques apropriados em razão de TV polimórfica (6 ou FV (2, e 11 (37,9% sofreram 152 choques inapropriados em razão de taquiarritmias supraventriculares (8 ou oversensing (3. A expectativa de sobrevida livre de choques apropriados foi de 74,2%±9,0 após um ano, e de 66,7%±10,7 após três anos. Observou-se diminuição da QV nos aspectos físicos (61,7±28,7, na vitalidade (64,7±19,1, na saúde mental (65,9±22,7 e nos aspectos emocionais (66,7±38,5. Medo e preocupações relacionados ao CDI foram referidos por todos os pacientes. CONCLUSÃO: A despeito da grande eficácia dessa terapêutica, a incidência elevada de choques interferiu na QV e na adaptação ao dispositivo.OBJECTIVES: To analyze the incidence and causes of ICD therapies in children and young adults and verify their impact on the quality of life (QoL. METHODS: From March/1977 to February/2006, 29 patients (15.7±5.4 years old were submitted to ICD implants. Aborted cardiac arrest (41.5%, sustained ventricular tachycardia (27.6% and primary prophylaxis of sudden cardiac death (30.9% indicated device therapy. The number of therapies was evaluated by interviewing patients and by ICD diagnostic data. The SF-36 questionnaire was used to

  1. Psychological intervention following implantation of an implantable defibrillator

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Susanne S.; van den Broek, Krista C; Sears, Samuel F

    2007-01-01

    The medical benefits of the implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) are unequivocal, but a subgroup of patients experiences emotional difficulties following implantation. For this subgroup, some form of psychological intervention may be warranted. This review provides an overview of current...... evidence on the efficacy of psychological intervention in ICD patients and recommendations for future research....

  2. Comparison of dual-time-constant and fast-acting automatic gain control (AGC) systems in cochlear implants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boyle, Patrick J; Büchner, Andreas; Stone, Michael A; Lenarz, Thomas; Moore, Brian C J

    2009-04-01

    Cochlear implants usually employ an automatic gain control (AGC) system as a first stage of processing. AGC1 was a fast-acting (syllabic) compressor. AGC2 was a dual-time-constant system; it usually performed as a slow-acting compressor, but incorporated an additional fast-acting system to provide protection from sudden increases in sound level. Six experienced cochlear-implant users were tested in a counterbalanced order, receiving one-month of experience with a given AGC type before switching to the other type. Performance was evaluated shortly after provision of a given AGC type and after one-month of experience with that AGC type. Questionnaires, mainly relating to listening in quiet situations, did not reveal significant differences between the two AGC types. However, fixed-level and roving-level tests of sentence identification in noise both revealed significantly better performance for AGC2. It is suggested that the poorer performance for AGC1 occurred because AGC1 introduced cross-modulation between the target speech and background noise, which made perceptual separation of the target and background more difficult.

  3. [The wearable cardioverter/defibrillator : Temporary protection from sudden cardiac death].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duncker, D; Bauersachs, J; Veltmann, C

    2016-09-01

    In the majority of cases sudden cardiac death (SCD) is caused by ventricular tachyarrhythmia. Implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICD) represent an evidence-based and established method for prevention of SCD. For patients who do not fulfill the criteria for guideline-conform implantation of an ICD but still have an increased, e.g. transient risk for SCD, a wearable cardioverter-defibrillator (WCD) vest was developed to temporarily prevent SCD. Numerous studies have shown the safety and efficacy of the WCD, although there is still a gap in evidence concerning a reduction in overall mortality and improvement in prognosis. This article gives an overview on the currently available literature on WCD, the indications, potential risks and complications.

  4. Wearable cardioverter defibrillator: A life vest till the life boat (ICD arrives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johnson Francis

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available It is well established that implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD is a life saving device ensuring protection against life threatening ventricular arrhythmias. But there are certain situations like a recent myocardial infarction where the standard guidelines do not recommend the implantation of an ICD while the patient can still be at a risk of demise due to a life threatening ventricular arrhythmia. There could also be a temporary indication for protection while explanting an infected ICD system. The wearable cardioverter defibrillator (WCD is a device which comes to the rescue in such situations. In this brief review, we discuss the historical aspects of the development of a WCD, technical aspects as well as the clinical trial data and real world scenario of its use.

  5. Association of psychiatric history and type D personality with symptoms of anxiety, depression, and health status prior to ICD implantation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Starrenburg, Annemieke H; Kraaier, Karin; Pedersen, Susanne S.

    2013-01-01

    Personality factors and psychiatric history may help explain individual differences in risk of psychological morbidity and poor health outcomes in patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD).......Personality factors and psychiatric history may help explain individual differences in risk of psychological morbidity and poor health outcomes in patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD)....

  6. Real world utilization and impact of the wearable cardioverter-defibrillator in a community setting

    OpenAIRE

    Naniwadekar, Aditi; Alnabelsi, Talal; Joshi, Kamal; Obasare, Edinrin; Greenspan, Allan; Mainigi, Sumeet

    2017-01-01

    Introduction: The wearable cardioverter-defibrillator (WCD) is used in patients at risk for sudden cardiac death (SCD) but not immediate candidates for intracardiac defibrillator (ICD) implantation. Methods: We performed a single center retrospective study of patients prescribed WCD upon hospital discharge from January 2002 to October 2015. Clinical characteristics were obtained from the hospital electronic database and device data from Zoll LifeVest database. Results: Of 140 patients, ...

  7. Cardiac resynchronization therapy and automatic implantable cardiac defibrillators in the treatment of heart failure: a review article.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vesty, Jill; Rasmusson, Kismet D; Hall, Jill; Schmitz, Sandy; Brush, Sally

    2004-10-01

    To review the use of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) and automatic implantable cardiac defibrillators (AICDs) in heart failure (HF) patients. Selected scientific literature. New developments in device therapy for HF patients are helping to decrease morbidity and mortality in this challenging patient population. CRT improves left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction, quality of life, 6-min walk distances, and New York Heart Association scores in select patients. AICDs can prevent sudden cardiac death in those who have LV dysfunction and are at risk for ventricular arrhythmias. Cardiac devices are now becoming a standard of care for those with HF who meet certain criteria. Despite advances in medical therapy for treating LV dysfunction, newly diagnosed patients face a 50% mortality rate in 5 years. The natural history of HF leads to continual deterioration of function unless adverse cardiac remodeling is reversed. Until recently, the only means for improving symptoms and cardiac function has been through the optimization of standard medicines that are indicated for LV dysfunction, such as angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and beta-blockers. However, not all patients benefit from medical management alone. Cardiac devices may now be considered when significant symptoms persist after standard medicines are optimized. When practitioners use a multiple-modality approach, careful patient selection based on the inclusion criteria used in the trials outlined in this article will likely lead to improved management of those with LV dysfunction.

  8. Automatic switching between the AAI and the DDD algorithm can prevent repetitive non-reentrant ventriculoatrial synchrony

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Takeshi Kitamura, MD

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available A 67-year-old man with non-obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy had received an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD for an unstable, sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT induced by programmed stimulation during an electrophysiological study 5 years earlier. An intracardiac electrogram recorded by the ICD revealed repetitive, non-reentrant ventriculoatrial synchrony (RNRVAS associated with hypotension. Electrophysiologic and hemodynamic studies indicated that RNRVAS was induced and reproducibly termed by a single ventricular extrastimulus from the right ventricular apex. Following attainment of the elective replacement indicator, we replaced the ICD with another having managed ventricular pacing, which automatically switched AAI and DDD, thereby avoiding unnecessary ventricular pacing. Thus far, the patient has not experienced further RNRVAS. Thus, we believe that automatic switching between AAI and DDD can prevent RNRVAS.

  9. To implant or not to implant: Better risk stratification in ICD candidates

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kraaier, K.

    2014-01-01

    This thesis is part of the ongoing search for better risk stratification in implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) candidates. ICD implantation is the treatment of choice to prevent sudden cardiac death (SCD) in patients with life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias (secondary prevention) and

  10. New horizon for infection prevention technology and implantable device

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yusuke Kondo, MD, PhD

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available There has been a significant increase in the number of patients receiving cardiovascular implantable electronic devices (CIED over the last two decades. CIED infection represents a serious complication after CIED implantation and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Recently, newly advanced technologies have offered attractive and suitable therapeutic alternatives. Notably, the leadless pacemaker and anti-bacterial envelope decrease the potential risk of CIED infection and the resulting mortality, when it does occur. A completely subcutaneous implantable cardioverter defibrillator is also an alternative to the transvenous implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD, as it does not require implantation of any transvenous or epicardial leads. Among the patients who require ICD removal and subsequent antibiotics secondary to infection, the wearable cardioverter defibrillator represents an alternative approach to inpatient monitoring for the prevention of sudden cardiac death. In this review paper, we aimed to introduce the advanced technologies and devices for prevention of CIED infection.

  11. Economic impact of remote monitoring on ordinary follow-up of implantable cardioverter defibrillators as compared with conventional in-hospital visits. A single-center prospective and randomized study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calò, Leonardo; Gargaro, Alessio; De Ruvo, Ermenegildo; Palozzi, Gabriele; Sciarra, Luigi; Rebecchi, Marco; Guarracini, Fabrizio; Fagagnini, Alessandro; Piroli, Enrico; Lioy, Ernesto; Chirico, Antonio

    2013-06-01

    Few data are available on actual follow-up costs of remote monitoring (RM) of implantable defibrillators (ICD). Our study aimed at assessing current direct costs of 1-year ICD follow-up based on RM compared with conventional quarterly in-hospital follow-ups. Patients (N = 233) with indications for ICD were consecutively recruited and randomized at implant to be followed up for 1 year with standard quarterly in-hospital visits or by RM with one in-hospital visit at 12 months, unless additional in-hospital visits were required due to specific patient conditions or RM alarms. Costs were calculated distinguishing between provider and patient costs, excluding RM device and service cost. The frequency of scheduled in-hospital visits was lower in the RM group than in the control arm. Follow-up required 47 min per patient/year in the RM arm versus 86 min in the control arm (p = 0.03) for involved physicians, generating cost estimates for the provider of USD 45 and USD 83 per patient/year, respectively. Costs for nurses were comparable. Overall, the costs associated with RM and standard follow-up were USD 103 ± 27 and 154 ± 21 per patient/year, respectively (p = 0.01). RM was cost-saving for the patients: USD 97 ± 121 per patient/year in the RM group versus 287 ± 160 per patient/year (p = 0.0001). The time spent by the hospital staff was significantly reduced in the RM group. If the costs for the device and service are not charged to patients or the provider, patients could save about USD 190 per patient/year while the hospital could save USD 51 per patient/year.

  12. Risk of chronic anxiety in implantable defibrillator patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Susanne S.; den Broek, Krista C van; Theuns, Dominic A M J

    2011-01-01

    Little is known about the prevalence of chronic anxiety in patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD). In a multi-center, prospective study, we examined 1) the prevalence of chronic anxiety (i.e., patients anxious at implantation and 12 months), and 2) predictors of chronic...

  13. The Wearable Cardioverter Defibrillator: an Early Single Centre Australian Experience. Some Pitfalls and Caveats for Use.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhaskaran, Abhishek; Bartlett, Monique; Kovoor, Pramesh; Davis, Lloyd M

    2016-02-01

    Wearable Cardioverter Defibrillators (WCD) have been effectively used for more than a decade in North America and Europe for prevention of sudden cardiac death (SCD) due to ventricular arrhythmias. This device has only recently been available in Australia. At Westmead hospital, WCD has been used since 2013 as a bridging therapy to an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) for those at high risk, but are temporarily not suitable for an implantable device. Indications for use were explanted infected ICD, dilated cardiomyopathy, post partum cardiomyopathy, valvular heart disease and myocarditis. The default device settings were: ventricular tachycardia (VT) and ventricular fibrillation (VF) threshold of 150 bpm and 200 bpm respectively and response times were 60 secs for VT and 25 secs for VF. WCD was used in eight patients. Duration of use ranged from five to 180 days with median of 77 days. Daily usage averaged 23.4±0.6hours. All except one were compliant with the device and none of our patients received shock or died during device usage. Four of the eight patients received ICD, two declined ICD, one was judged to no longer require ICD and one remains under assessment. WCD is easy to use, well tolerated and is effective for SCD prevention in patients who are temporarily not suitable for ICD. However patients need to be actively followed-up to reduce the duration of WCD usage and thereby be cost effective. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  14. Implantable defibrillator therapy: more than defibrillation...

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    D.A.M.J. Theuns (Dominic)

    2005-01-01

    textabstractDuring the past 25 years, the implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) has evolved from the treatment of last resort to the gold standard for patients at high risk for life­threatening ventricular tachyarrhythmias. Patients at high risk include those who survived life-threatening

  15. Sexual Health for Patients with an Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... B. Shea , Paul M. Vazquez Download PDF https://doi.org/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.110.949628 Circulation. 2010; 122: ... e465-e467 , originally published September 27, 2010 https://doi.org/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.110.949628 Citation Manager Formats ...

  16. How to Respond to an Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator Recall

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... F. Sears , Julie B. Shea Download PDF https://doi.org/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.108.810606 Circulation. 2009; 119: ... e189-e191 , originally published February 9, 2009 https://doi.org/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.108.810606 Citation Manager Formats ...

  17. The first cardioverter defibrillator implanted in Central Africa | Cabral ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Sudden cardiac deaths, which account for approximately 350 000 deaths each year, is a major health care problem. Antiarrhythmic drugs have not been reliable in preventing sudden cardiac death. Although β-blockers, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, and revascularization play a role in prevention of sudden ...

  18. Making post-mortem implantable cardioverter defibrillator explantation safe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Räder, Sune B E W; Zeijlemaker, Volkert; Pehrson, Steen

    2009-01-01

    : We investigated the insulating properties of rubber and plastic gloves (double layer) within the first 60 min exposure (mimicking the maximum time of an explantation procedure) to saline (simulating the effects of body fluids on the gloves). For latex gloves, we measured an increase in voltage up...... to 68.1 V (P double pair of intact gloves made of latex, neoprene, or plastic constituted such a large resistance...... that the resting voltage over the operating person would not exceed 50 V. CONCLUSION: The use of intact medical gloves made of latex, neoprene, or plastic eliminates the potential electrical risk during explantation of an ICD. Two gloves on each hand offer sufficient protection. We will recommend the use...

  19. Prophylactic implantable defibrillator in patients with arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy/dysplasia and no prior ventricular fibrillation or sustained ventricular tachycardia.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Corrado, Domenico

    2010-09-21

    The role of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) in patients with arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy\\/dysplasia and no prior ventricular fibrillation (VF) or sustained ventricular tachycardia is an unsolved issue.

  20. Patient benefit from seamless implant monitoring

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karsten Wallbrück

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Patients with electrostimulation devices visit the hospital regularly for follow-up. The workload of out-patient departments is ever increasing, but a less frequent check-up is unwanted, as it could impair reliability and effectiveness of the therapy. A system of remote patient monitoring might improve this situation by enabling identification of patients who benefit from a shortened time for corrective action after any undesired event. A completely automatic system for patient remote monitoring has been introduced (BIOTRONIK Home Monitoring, HM. Daily patient and device data are displayed on an internet site which allows authorized persons to follow the parameters trends. Several clinical studies are presently being conducted to investigate the benefit of HM in pacemaker and implantable cardioverter/defibrillator therapy. Preliminary results show the system’s ability to individualize implant therapy for the patients’ and the physicians’ benefits. Previous studies in heart failure (HF therapy have shown that hospital readmission rates, hospitalisation duration and also mortality can be reduced by patient monitoring programs. A recently started study investigating HM in heart failure therapy aims to define a HF-indicator that predicts a worsening of the patient’s status leading to hospitalisation. With such an indicator, the responsible physician could be alerted and the patient can be called in. Although several issues connected to Home Monitoring remain to be solved, the time has come for a more flexible patient management. The incorporation of modern information technology into cardiovascular implants offers a way to solve the conflict between limited resources and high quality medical therapy for an aging population.

  1. Capsule Endoscopy in a Patient with an Implanted CCM System and an Implantable Defibrillator

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florian Streitner

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Wireless video capsule endoscopy (CE is a modern diagnostic tool. Because of its use of digital radiofrequency, it is still relatively contraindicated in patients with implanted cardiac devices. We report the case of a patient with an Optimizer III system delivering cardiac contractility modulating signals (CCM for heart failure therapy and an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD who underwent CE. No interferences between the devices were found.

  2. Performance evaluation of a right atrial automatic capture verification algorithm using two different sensing configurations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sperzel, Johannes; Goetze, Stephan; Kennergren, Charles; Biffi, Mauro; Brooke, M Jason; Vireca, Elisa; Saha, Sunipa; Schubert, Bernd; Butter, Christian

    2009-05-01

    This acute data collection study evaluated the performance of a right atrial (RA) automatic capture verification (ACV) algorithm based on evoked response sensing from two electrode configurations during independent unipolar pacing. RA automatic threshold tests were conducted. Evoked response signals were simultaneously recorded between the RA(Ring) electrode and an empty pacemaker housing electrode (RA(Ring)-->Can) and the electrically isolated Indifferent header electrode (RA(Ring)-->Ind). The atrial evoked response (AER) and the performance of the ACV algorithm were evaluated off-line using each sensing configuration. An accurate threshold measurement was defined as within 0.2 V of the unipolar threshold measured manually. Threshold tests were designed to fail for small AER (AER signals were analyzed from 34 patients who were indicated for a pacemaker (five), implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (11), or cardiac resynchronization therapy pacemaker (six) or defibrillator (12). The minimum AER amplitude was larger (P Can (1.6+/-0.9 mV) than from RA(Ring)-->Ind (1.3+/-0.8 mV). The algorithm successfully measured the pacing threshold in 96.8% and 91.0% of tests for RA(Ring)-->Can and RA(Ring)-->Ind, respectively. No statistical difference between the unipolar and bipolar pacing threshold was observed. The RA(Ring)-->Can AER sensing configuration may provide a means of implementing an independent pacing/sensing method for ACV in the RA. RA bipolar pacing therapy based on measured RA unipolar pacing thresholds may be feasible.

  3. Implantable Devices: Issues and Challenges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohan V. Jacob

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Ageing population and a multitude of neurological and cardiovascular illnesses that cannot be mitigated by medication alone have resulted in a significant growth in the number of patients that require implantable electronic devices. These range from sensors, gastric and cardiac pacemakers, cardioverter defibrillators, to deep brain, nerve, and bone stimulators. Long-term implants present specific engineering challenges, including low energy consumption and stable performance. Resorbable electronics may offer excellent short-term performance without the need for surgical removal. However, most electronic materials have poor bio- and cytocompatibility, resulting in immune reactions and infections. This paper reviews the current situation and highlights challenges for future advancements.

  4. Association between socioeconomic factors and ICD implantation in a publicly financed health care system

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Winther-Jensen, Matilde; Hassager, Christian; Lassen, Jens Flensted

    2017-01-01

    Aims: For patients surviving out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) with a shockable rhythm, implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) is recommended for non-reversible causes of arrest. We aimed to determine factors associated with implantation of ICD and survival in patients surviving non-AMI...

  5. National experience with long-term use of the wearable cardioverter defibrillator in patients with cardiomyopathy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lamichhane, Madhab; Gardiner, Joseph C; Bianco, Nicole R; Szymkiewicz, Steven J; Thakur, Ranjan K

    2017-01-01

    The wearable cardioverter defibrillator (WCD) is generally used for short periods of sudden cardiac death (SCD) risk; circumstances may occasionally result in prolonged use (over 1 year). The aim of this study was to determine the benefits and risks of prolonged use in patients with systolic heart failure (HF). ZOLL's post-market US database included adult patients (≥18 years) with ischemic and/or non-ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM, NICM) and at least 1 year of use. Cox-regression was used to identify factors associated with survival with WCD use, and reasons for stopping use were entered as time-dependent factors. Among 220 patients, age (mean ± SD) 55.4 ± 14.8 years, WCD use 451.4 ± 289.9 days, and 67.3 % were male and their left ventricle ejection fraction (EF) averaged 20.9 ± 7.2 %. Eighty-nine (40.5 %) were continuing WCD use at the last follow-up. Thirty-six (16.4 %) and 56 (25.5 %) patients discontinued WCD use because of EF recovery and implantable cardioverter (ICD) implantation, respectively. Nine patients (4.1 %) received appropriate shock therapy for 13 episodes of sustained ventricular tachyarrhythmia with 12 (92.3 %) successful shocks. One patient died of refractory ventricular fibrillation. One patient died from sinus bradycardia transitioning to asystole. Eight patients (3.6 %) had nine episodes of non-fatal inappropriate shocks. Long-term use of the WCD is safe and effective. Recovery of EF was seen in significant number of patients even after 1 year of WCD use.

  6. Defibrillator Implantation in Patients with Nonischemic Systolic Heart Failure

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Køber, Lars; Thune, Jens J; Nielsen, Jens C

    2016-01-01

    Background The benefit of an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) in patients with symptomatic systolic heart failure caused by coronary artery disease has been well documented. However, the evidence for a benefit of prophylactic ICDs in patients with systolic heart failure that is not due...

  7. Granulomatous myocarditis in severe heart failure patients undergoing implantation of a left ventricular assist device.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Segura, Ana Maria; Radovancevic, Rajko; Demirozu, Zumrut T; Frazier, O H; Buja, L Maximilian

    2014-01-01

    Granulomatous myocarditis may develop into cardiomyopathy and severe congestive heart failure that requires implantation of a left ventricular assist device (LVAD). Left ventricular (LV) core samples were collected from 177 patients with severe heart failure at the time of LVAD implantation, and samples were histologically examined and graded for severity of hypertrophy and fibrosis. Granulomatous myocarditis incidentally seen in a subset of samples was characterized by staining and culturing for mycobacteria and fungi. Various clinical parameters in these patients were analyzed. Of the 177 LV core samples examined, 6 (3.4%) showed nonnecrotizing granulomatous inflammation in the myocardial wall. Stains and cultures for mycobacteria and fungi were negative. All six patients [three women, three men; five African American, one Asian; mean age, 52±9 years (range, 41-61 years)] had arrhythmias and required an automatic implantable cardioverter defibrillator. Before LVAD implantation, the patients' mean cardiac index was 1.8±0.4 l/min/m(2); cardiac output, 2.9±0.6 l/min; and ejection fraction, 20±2%. One year after LVAD implantation, one patient had undergone heart transplantation. At 2 years, a second patient was transplanted, and one died. At 3 years, a third patient was transplanted and died postoperatively; two patients remained on support. No clinical evidence indicated involvement of other organs or recurrence in the transplanted patients. The incidental diagnosis of granulomatous myocarditis in our patients indicates that histological study of LV core samples in patients who undergo LVAD implantation may contribute to the diagnosis and be a consideration in the management of the underlying cause of heart failure. © 2013.

  8. Protection from outpatient sudden cardiac death following ICD removal using a wearable cardioverter defibrillator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanawuttiwat, Tanyanan; Garisto, Juan D; Salow, Arturo; Glad, Joann M; Szymkiewicz, Steve; Saltzman, Heath E; Kutalek, Steven P; Carrillo, Roger G

    2014-05-01

    An implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) is effective in preventing sudden cardiac death (SCD). Once an ICD is removed and reimplantation is not feasible, a wearable cardioverter defibrillator (WCD) may be an alternative option. We determined the effectiveness of WCD for SCD prevention in patients who were discharged after ICD removal. A retrospective study was conducted on all WCD (LifeVest, ZOLL, Pittsburgh, PA, USA) patients who underwent ICD removal due to cardiac device infections (CDIs) at two referral centers between January 1, 2005 and December 31, 2009. Clinical characteristics, device information, and WCD data were analyzed. Sudden cardiac arrest was defined as all sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT) and ventricular fibrillation occurring within a single 24-hour period. Ninety-seven patients (mean age 62.8 ± 13.3, male 80.4%) were included in the study. The median duration of antibiotic use was 14.7 days (interquartile range [IQR] 10-30). The median daily WCD use was 20 hours/day and the median length of use was 21 days (IQR 5-47). A total of three patients were shocked by WCD. Two patients had four episodes of sustained VT, successfully terminated by the WCD. A third patient experienced two inappropriate treatments due to oversensitivity of the signal artifact. Three patients experienced sudden death outside the hospital while not wearing the device. Five patients died while hospitalized. WCD can prevent SCD, until ICD reimplantation is feasible in patients who underwent device removals for CDI. However, patient compliance is essential for the effective use of this device. ©2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  9. Depression, psychological distress, and quality of life in patients with cardioverter defibrillator with or without cardiac resynchronization therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knackstedt, Christian; Arndt, Marlies; Mischke, Karl; Marx, Nikolaus; Nieman, Fred; Kunert, Hanns Jürgen; Schauerte, Patrick; Norra, Christine

    2014-05-01

    Congestive heart failure is frequent and leads to reduced exercise capacity, reduced quality of life (QoL), and depression in many patients. Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) and implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD) offer therapeutic options and may have an impact on QoL and depression. This study was performed to evaluate physical and mental health in patients undergoing ICD or combined CRT/ICD-implantation (CRT-D). Echocardiography, spiroergometry, and psychometric questionnaires [Beck Depression Inventory, General World Health Organization Five Well-being Index (WHO-5), Brief Symptom Inventory and 36-item Short Form (SF-36)] were obtained in 39 patients (ICD: 17, CRT-D: 22) at baseline and 6-month follow-up (FU) after device implantation. CRT-D patients had a higher NYHA class and broader left bundle branch block than ICD patients at baseline. At FU, ejection fraction (EF), peak oxygen uptake, and NYHA class improved significantly in CRT-D patients but remained unchanged in ICD patients. Patients with CRT-D implantation showed higher levels of depressive symptoms, psychological distress, and impairment in QoL at baseline and FU compared to ICD patients. These impairments remained mostly unchanged in all patients after 6 months. Overall, these findings imply that there is a need for careful assessment and treatment of psychological distress and depression in ICD and CRT-D patients in the course of device implantation as psychological burden seems to persist irrespective of physical improvement.

  10. Safety and Efficacy of the Totally Subcutaneous Implantable Defibrillator: 2-Year Results From a Pooled Analysis of the IDE Study and EFFORTLESS Registry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Burke, Martin C.; Gold, Michael R.; Knight, Bradley P.; Barr, Craig S.; Theuns, Dominic A. M. J.; Boersma, Lucas V. A.; Knops, Reinoud E.; Weiss, Raul; Leon, Angel R.; Herre, John M.; Husby, Michael; Stein, Kenneth M.; Lambiase, Pier D.

    2015-01-01

    The entirely subcutaneous implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (S-ICD) is the first implantable defibrillator that avoids placing electrodes in or around the heart. Two large prospective studies (IDE [S-ICD System IDE Clinical Investigation] and EFFORTLESS [Boston Scientific Post Market S-ICD

  11. Frequency of inappropriate therapy in patients implanted with dual- versus single-chamber ICD devices in the ICD arm of MADIT-CRT

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ruwald, Anne-Christine H; Sood, Nitesh; Ruwald, Martin H

    2013-01-01

    The majority of implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) are dual-chamber devices, but studies on the frequency of inappropriate therapy in dual- versus single-chamber devices have shown conflicting results. The aim of this study is to determine whether implantation of dual-chamber ICD...

  12. Intensity of primary emotions in patients after implantation of an implantable cardioverter defibrillator

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stoier, Louise; Pedersen, Preben Ulrich; Berg, Selina Kikkenborg

    2013-01-01

    -November 2009. A total number of 154 patients were needed in the trial. The data collected were compared with secondary data from patients who had recently suffered a Myocardial Infarction and from a healthy population. SPSS version 18.0 was used to analyze the data using t-test, chisquare and F...

  13. Physical Activity Measured With Implanted Devices Predicts Patient Outcome in Chronic Heart Failure

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Conraads, Viviane M.; Spruit, Martijn A.; Braunschweig, Frieder; Cowie, Martin R.; Tavazzi, Luigi; Borggrefe, Martin; Hill, Michael R. S.; Jacobs, Sandra; Gerritse, Bart; van Veldhuisen, Dirk J.

    Background- Physical activity (PA) predicts cardiovascular mortality in the population at large. Less is known about its prognostic value in patients with chronic heart failure (HF). Methods and Results- Data from 836 patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillator without or with cardiac

  14. Long-Term Clinical Outcomes of Subcutaneous Versus Transvenous Implantable Defibrillator Therapy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brouwer, Tom F.; Yilmaz, Dilek; Lindeboom, Robert; Buiten, Maurits S.; Olde Nordkamp, Louise R. A.; Schalij, Martin J.; Wilde, Arthur A.; van Erven, Lieselot; Knops, Reinoud E.

    2016-01-01

    Transvenous implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (TV-ICDs) improve survival in patients at risk for sudden cardiac death, but complications remain an important drawback. The subcutaneous ICD (S-ICD) was developed to overcome lead-related complications. Comparison of clinical outcomes of both

  15. Combined leadless pacemaker and subcutaneous implantable defibrillator therapy: feasibility, safety, and performance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tjong, F. V. Y.; Brouwer, T. F.; Smeding, L.; Kooiman, K. M.; de Groot, J. R.; Ligon, D.; Sanghera, R.; Schalij, M. J.; Wilde, A. A. M.; Knops, R. E.

    2016-01-01

    The subcutaneous implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (S-ICD) and leadless pacemaker (LP) are evolving technologies that do not require intracardiac leads. However, interactions between these two devices are unexplored. We investigated the feasibility, safety, and performance of combined LP and

  16. The wearable cardioverter defibrillator as a bridge to reimplantation in patients with ICD or CRT-D-related infections

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Castro

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The approach to treat device infection in patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD or cardiac resynchronization therapy defibrillator (CRT-D is a challenging procedure. Optimal treatment is complete extraction of the infected device. To protect these patients from sudden cardiac arrest while waiting for reimplantation and to avoid recurrent infection, a wearable cardioverter defibrillator (WCD seems to be a valuable solution. Therefore, we investigated the management and outcome of patients with ICD or CRT-D infections using the WCD as a bridge to re-implantation after lead extraction procedures. Methods We conducted a retrospective study on consecutive patients who underwent ICD or CRT-D removal due to device-related local or systemic infections. All patients were prescribed a WCD at our center between 01/2012 and 10/2015. All patients returned to our outpatient clinic for regular ICD or CRT-D monitoring initially 1 and 3 months after reimplantation followed by 6-months intervals. Results Twenty-one patients (mean age 65.0 ± 8.0 years, male 76.2% were included in the study. Complete lead extraction was achieved in all patients. While waiting for reimplantation one patient experienced a symptomatic episode of sustained ventricular tachycardia. This episode was converted successfully into sinus rhythm by a single 150 J shock. Mean follow-up time 392 ± 206 days, showing survival rate of 100% and freedom from reinfection in all patients. Conclusion The WCD seems to be a valuable bridging option for patients with ICD or CRT-D infections, showing no recurrent device infection.

  17. The wearable cardioverter defibrillator as a bridge to reimplantation in patients with ICD or CRT-D-related infections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castro, L; Pecha, S; Linder, M; Vogler, J; Gosau, N; Meyer, C; Willems, S; Reichenspurner, H; Hakmi, S

    2017-11-25

    The approach to treat device infection in patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) or cardiac resynchronization therapy defibrillator (CRT-D) is a challenging procedure. Optimal treatment is complete extraction of the infected device. To protect these patients from sudden cardiac arrest while waiting for reimplantation and to avoid recurrent infection, a wearable cardioverter defibrillator (WCD) seems to be a valuable solution. Therefore, we investigated the management and outcome of patients with ICD or CRT-D infections using the WCD as a bridge to re-implantation after lead extraction procedures. We conducted a retrospective study on consecutive patients who underwent ICD or CRT-D removal due to device-related local or systemic infections. All patients were prescribed a WCD at our center between 01/2012 and 10/2015. All patients returned to our outpatient clinic for regular ICD or CRT-D monitoring initially 1 and 3 months after reimplantation followed by 6-months intervals. Twenty-one patients (mean age 65.0 ± 8.0 years, male 76.2%) were included in the study. Complete lead extraction was achieved in all patients. While waiting for reimplantation one patient experienced a symptomatic episode of sustained ventricular tachycardia. This episode was converted successfully into sinus rhythm by a single 150 J shock. Mean follow-up time 392 ± 206 days, showing survival rate of 100% and freedom from reinfection in all patients. The WCD seems to be a valuable bridging option for patients with ICD or CRT-D infections, showing no recurrent device infection.

  18. Automatic sequences

    CERN Document Server

    Haeseler, Friedrich

    2003-01-01

    Automatic sequences are sequences which are produced by a finite automaton. Although they are not random they may look as being random. They are complicated, in the sense of not being not ultimately periodic, they may look rather complicated, in the sense that it may not be easy to name the rule by which the sequence is generated, however there exists a rule which generates the sequence. The concept automatic sequences has special applications in algebra, number theory, finite automata and formal languages, combinatorics on words. The text deals with different aspects of automatic sequences, in particular:· a general introduction to automatic sequences· the basic (combinatorial) properties of automatic sequences· the algebraic approach to automatic sequences· geometric objects related to automatic sequences.

  19. Potential roles of the wearable cardioverter-defibrillator in acute phase care of patients at high risk of sudden cardiac death: A single-center Japanese experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sasaki, Shingo; Shoji, Yoshihiro; Ishida, Yuji; Kinjo, Takahiko; Tsushima, Yuichi; Seno, Maiko; Nishizaki, Fumie; Itoh, Taihei; Izumiyama, Kei; Yokota, Takashi; Yokoyama, Hiroaki; Yamada, Masahiro; Horiuchi, Daisuke; Kimura, Masaomi; Higuma, Takumi; Tomita, Hirofumi; Okumura, Ken

    2017-01-01

    The wearable cardioverter-defibrillator (WCD) has been expected to play a role as an effective bridge therapy to implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) implantation in patients at high risk of ventricular tachyarrhythmias (VA). Although WCD has been available since April 2014 in Japan, its usefulness remains unclear. During the early period after hospitalization, patients at high risk of VA after excluding some elderly patients were prescribed WCD. The consecutive 50 patients with WCD use (median age 56 years, 38 for secondary prevention) were studied. We analyzed clinical efficacy and safety of WCD, and examined its potential roles. Of the 50 patients, 38 used WCD only during hospitalization. During WCD use [median 16 (IQR 8-33) days], all patients wore WCD for 98% of a day regardless of in or out-of-hospital use. Sustained VA was detected in 4 patients (8%; for primary prevention in 1) with 7 episodes, and 6 of 7 episodes required shock therapy. Of the 6 shock therapies, 4 were for sustained ventricular tachycardia with the median rate of 236beats/min (IQR 203-250), and the other 2 for ventricular fibrillation. Subsequently, only 27 patients (54%) of all underwent ICD implantation following the WCD use, because of reduced risk of VA after optimal pharmacological therapy or improvement in the left ventricular function. The WCD use for the acute phase care of patients at high risk of VA can be safe and effective, and may be useful for evaluating indication of ICD implantation. Copyright © 2016 Japanese College of Cardiology. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  20. ICD-implantation guidelines versus clinical practice: a prospective study of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest survivors

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sterk, B.; van Alem, A. P.; Tukkie, R.; Simmers, T. A.; Koster, R. W.

    2004-01-01

    Aims The aim of this study was prospectively to compare clinical practice of implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) use with current guidelines in out-of-hospitat cardiac arrest (OHCA) survivors. Methods and results From January 2000 till March 2002, 70 consecutive patients (pts) discharged

  1. Utilization of YouTube as a Tool to Assess Patient Perception Regarding Implanted Cardiac Devices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayes, Kevin; Mainali, Prajeena; Deshmukh, Abhishek; Pant, Sadip; Badheka, Apurva O; Paydak, Hakan

    2014-07-01

    The outreach of YouTube may have a dramatic role in the widespread dissemination of knowledge on implantable cardioverter devices (ICD). This study was designed to review and analyze the information available on YouTube pertaining to implantable cardiac devices such as implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) and pacemakers. YouTube was queried for the terms "ICD", "Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator", and "Pacemaker". The videos were reviewed and categorized as according to content; number of views and "likes" or "dislikes" was recorded by two separate observers. Of the 55 videos reviewed, 18 of the videos were categorized as patient education, 12 were advertisements, 8 were intraoperative videos documenting the device implantation procedures, 7 of the videos were produced to document personal patient experiences, and 4 were categorized as documentation of a public event. 3 were intended to educate health care workers. The remaining 3 were intended to raise public awareness about sudden cardiac death. The videos portraying intraoperative procedures generated the most "likes" or "dislikes" per view. While YouTube provides a logical platform for delivery of health information, the information on this platform is not regulated. Initiative by reputed authorities and posting accurate information in such platform can be a great aid in public education regarding device therapy.

  2. The wearable cardioverter-defibrillator in a real-world clinical setting: experience in 102 consecutive patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erath, Julia W; Vamos, Mate; Sirat, Abdul Sami; Hohnloser, Stefan H

    2017-04-01

    The wearable cardioverter-defibrillator (WCD) is used for temporary protection of patients deemed to be at high risk for sudden death (SCD) not yet meeting indications for the implantable defibrillator (ICD). To evaluate the efficacy, safety, and compliance of/to WCD use and subsequent medium-term outcome of patients in a single-center observational study. A total of 102 consecutive patients were fitted with the WCD from 2012 to 2015 and followed for a mean of 11 months (±8 months). The most common clinical indication for WCD-prescription (63%) was a new diagnosis of severely impaired LV function (LVEF ≤35%). The median wear time of the WCD was 54 days with a daily use of 23 h. Appropriate WCD therapy occurred in four patients (seven shocks for VF, one shock for VT). An ICD was finally implanted in 56 patients (55%). Improvement in LV function was the most common reason not to implant an ICD (HR 0.37; 95% CI 0.19-0.73; p = 0.004). Two patients had inappropriate shocks from their WCD due to atrial fibrillation/flutter. Five patients fitted with an ICD after the end of WCD therapy suffered VT/VF episodes. After wearing the WCD, six patients died (five ICD recipients and one non-ICD recipient). WCD therapy was well accepted by patients and provided temporary protection against ventricular tachyarrhythmias in patients at risk for SCD. The WCD may help to avoid unnecessary ICD implantations in a significant proportion of patients.

  3. Breast Implants

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Medical Procedures Implants and Prosthetics Breast Implants Breast Implants Share Tweet Linkedin Pin it More sharing options Linkedin Pin it Email Print Breast implants are medical devices that are implanted under the ...

  4. Implantable defibrillator early after primary percutaneous intervention for ST-elevation myocardial infarction: rationale and design of the Defibrillator After Primary Angioplasty (DAPA) trial

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ottervanger, Jan Paul; Ramdat Misier, Anand R.; Zijlstra, Felix; Schalij, Martin J.; Wever, Eric; Jordaens, Luc J. L. M.; Henriques, Jose P. S.; de Boer, Menko-Jan; Robbe, Hindrik W. J.; Wellens, Hein J. J.

    2006-01-01

    It has been shown that an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) may be beneficial when added to optimal drug treatment in patients with reduced left ventricular function who survive a myocardial infarction (MI). However, it is not known whether patients with increased risk of death after

  5. Healthcare Utilization and Expenditures Associated With Appropriate and Inappropriate Implantable Defibrillator Shocks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turakhia, Mintu P; Zweibel, Steven; Swain, Andrea L; Mollenkopf, Sarah A; Reynolds, Matthew R

    2017-02-01

    In patients with implantable cardioverter-defibrillators, healthcare utilization (HCU) and expenditures related to shocks have not been quantified. We performed a retrospective cohort study of patients with implantable cardioverter-defibrillators identified from commercial and Medicare supplemental claims databases linked to adjudicated shock events from remote monitoring data. A shock event was defined as ≥1 spontaneous shocks delivered by an implanted device. Shock-related HCU was ascertained from inpatient and outpatient claims within 7 days following a shock event. Shock events were adjudicated and classified as inappropriate or appropriate, and HCU and expenditures, stratified by shock type, were quantified. Of 10 266 linked patients, 963 (9.4%) patients (61.3±13.6 years; 81% male) had 1885 shock events (56% appropriate, 38% inappropriate, and 6% indeterminate). Of these events, 867 (46%) had shock-related HCU (14% inpatient and 32% outpatient). After shocks, inpatient cardiovascular procedures were common, including echocardiography (59%), electrophysiology study or ablation (34%), stress testing (16%), and lead revision (11%). Cardiac catheterization was common (71% and 51%), but percutaneous coronary intervention was low (6.5% and 5.0%) after appropriate and inappropriate shocks. Expenditures related to appropriate and inappropriate shocks were not significantly different. After implantable cardioverter-defibrillator shock, related HCU was common, with 1 in 3 shock events followed by outpatient HCU and 1 in 7 followed by hospitalization. Use of invasive cardiovascular procedures was substantial, even after inappropriate shocks, which comprised 38% of all shocks. Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator shocks seem to trigger a cascade of health care. Strategies to reduce shocks could result in cost savings. © 2017 American Heart Association, Inc.

  6. Penile Implants

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... the discussion with your doctor. Types of penile implants There are two main types of penile implants: ... might help reduce the risk of infection. Comparing implant types When choosing which type of penile implant ...

  7. Electromagnetic Interference in Implantable Rhythm Devices - The Indian Scenario

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johnson Francis

    2002-07-01

    Full Text Available Implantable rhythm device (IRD is the generic name for the group of implantable devices used for diagnosis and treatment of cardiac arrhythmias. Devices in this category include cardiac pacemakers, implantable cardioverter defibrillators and implantable loop recorders. Since these devices have complex microelectronic circuitry and use electromagnetic waves for communication, they are susceptible to interference from extraneous sources of electromagnetic radiation and magnetic energy. Electromagnetic interference (EMI is generally not a major problem outside of the hospital environment. The most important interactions occur when a patient is subjected to medical procedures such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI, electrocautery and radiation therapy. Two articles in this issue of the journal discusses various aspects of EMI on IRD1,2 . Together these articles provide a good review of the various sources of EMI and their interaction with IRD for the treating physician.

  8. Automaticity: design of a registry to assess long-term acceptance and clinical impact of Automatic Algorithms in Insignia pacemakers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alings, Marco; Vorstenbosch, Jan-Mark; Reeve, Helen

    2009-03-01

    Worldwide, the number of implants of pacemakers is steadily increasing and this poses an incremental burden on outpatient clinics. While device manufacturers have developed safe and effective automatic algorithms to lighten this workload, the clinical utilization of these algorithms has not been well studied. The Automaticity study is the first large-scale, worldwide registry to evaluate physician's acceptance of automatic algorithms for ventricular capture, automatic sensing, and automatic optimization of sensor settings. The primary objective of the registry is to determine the percentage of patients who have any of the 'Automaticity Algorithms' reprogrammed within 12 months of pacemaker implant. Patients will be implanted with a commercially available pacemaker (Insignia I/Nexus I Ultra or Insignia I/Nexus I AVT, Boston Scientific CRM, St Paul, MN, USA). At discharge, all the 'Automaticity Algorithms' are to be programmed to 'Auto/On'. Data collection on changes in device programming, physician's perception of algorithm function, and adverse events will occur for 12 months following device implant. The Automaticity study is the first large-scale, prospective, multi-site, international registry designed to assess the long-term acceptance of automatic pacemaker algorithms for adjustment of the ventricular output, atrial and ventricular sensitivity, and optimization of minute ventilation and accelerometer settings.

  9. Low disease prevalence and inappropriate implantable cardioverter defibrillator shock rate in Brugada syndrome

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holst, Anders Gaarsdal; Jensen, Henrik Kjærulf; Eschen, Ole

    2012-01-01

    Brugada syndrome (BrS) is an inherited channelopathy that predisposes to malignant ventricular arrhythmias and thereby syncope and sudden cardiac death. Prior studies characterizing BrS patients have used highly selected referral populations from tertiary centres and prevalence estimates have been...

  10. Coping with Trauma and Stressful Events As a Patient with an Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Julie B. Shea , John Cahill Download PDF https://doi.org/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.112.127563 Circulation. 2013; 127: ... e426-e430 , originally published January 28, 2013 https://doi.org/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.112.127563 Citation Manager Formats ...

  11. Extended charge banking model of dual path shocks for implantable cardioverter defibrillators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dosdall, Derek J; Sweeney, James D

    2008-08-01

    Single path defibrillation shock methods have been improved through the use of the Charge Banking Model of defibrillation, which predicts the response of the heart to shocks as a simple resistor-capacitor (RC) circuit. While dual path defibrillation configurations have significantly reduced defibrillation thresholds, improvements to dual path defibrillation techniques have been limited to experimental observations without a practical model to aid in improving dual path defibrillation techniques. The Charge Banking Model has been extended into a new Extended Charge Banking Model of defibrillation that represents small sections of the heart as separate RC circuits, uses a weighting factor based on published defibrillation shock field gradient measures, and implements a critical mass criteria to predict the relative efficacy of single and dual path defibrillation shocks. The new model reproduced the results from several published experimental protocols that demonstrated the relative efficacy of dual path defibrillation shocks. The model predicts that time between phases or pulses of dual path defibrillation shock configurations should be minimized to maximize shock efficacy. Through this approach the Extended Charge Banking Model predictions may be used to improve dual path and multi-pulse defibrillation techniques, which have been shown experimentally to lower defibrillation thresholds substantially. The new model may be a useful tool to help in further improving dual path and multiple pulse defibrillation techniques by predicting optimal pulse durations and shock timing parameters.

  12. Sustaining cyborgs: Sensing and tuning agencies of pacemakers and implantable cardioverter defibrillators

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oudshoorn, Nelly E.J.

    2014-01-01

    Recently there has been a renewed interest in cyborgs, and particularly in new and emerging fusions of humans and technologies related to the development of human enhancement technologies. These studies reflect a trend to follow new and emerging technologies. In this article, I argue that it is

  13. My Child Needs or Has an Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator: What Should I Do?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... al. 7 How Can We Boost My Child's Self-Esteem? No matter what the age, a fun way ... Follow Circulation on Google Plus Follow Circulation on Instagram Follow Circulation on Pinterest Follow Circulation on YouTube ...

  14. Patients' perspective on deactivation of the implantable cardioverter-defibrillator near the end of life

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Susanne S.; Chaitsing, Rismy; Szili-Torok, Tamas

    2013-01-01

    (67%) completed the survey. Most patients (68%) were aware that it is possible to turn the ICD off, and 95% believed it is important to inform patients about the possibility. Of the patients completing the survey, 84% indicated a choice for or against deactivation. Psychological morbidity...... was not associated with a response in favor or against deactivation (p >0.05 for all). The wish for a worthy death near the end of life was an independent associate of a favorable attitude toward deactivation (odds ratio 2.14, 95% confidence interval 1.49 to 3.06, p...

  15. Relation of statin therapy to psychological functioning in patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoogwegt, M.T.; Theuns, D.A.M.J.; Kupper, N.; Jordaens, L.; Pedersen, S.S.

    2013-01-01

    Statin therapy is an important secondary prevention measure in cardiovascular disease. However, the side effects associated with statin use could potentially affect patients' quality of life. Little is known about the influence of statin therapy on the well-being and health status of cardiac

  16. Possible Triggers and Temporal Patterns of Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator Discharges: A Preliminary Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-01-20

    carefully studied cardiac parameters in response to snow shoveling in the cold in 10 sedentary men and found the subjects attained hean rate...e.g. sprinting . fast running. fast jogging, or jogging uphill. pushing and pulling with all your might. usually extreme work) Heavy exertion, with...in: time interval : exact time and date: Extreme o r peak exertion (e.g. sprinting , fast running, fast time: joggi ng, o r jogging uphill. pushing

  17. 77 FR 20873 - Qualification of Drivers; Application for Exemptions; Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-06

    ... variety known to be accompanied by syncope, dyspnea, collapse, or congestive cardiac failure. FMCSA... clinical diagnosis of a cardiovascular disease (1) which is accompanied by symptoms of syncope, dyspnea, collapse or congestive cardiac failure; and/or (2) which is likely to cause syncope, dyspnea, collapse, or...

  18. Psychological vulnerability, ventricular tachyarrhythmias and mortality in implantable cardioverter defibrillator patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Susanne S.; Brouwers, Corline; Versteeg, Henneke

    2012-01-01

    factors have not been considered as potential risk markers that might enhance the prediction of sudden cardiac death. This article evaluates the evidence for a link between psychological vulnerability, ventricular tachyarrhythmias and mortality and the pathways that might explain such a link. This review...... demonstrates that there is cumulative evidence supporting a link between psychological vulnerability and risk of ventricular tachyarrhythmias and mortality in ICD patients independent of disease severity and other biomedical risk factors. It may be premature to include psychological factors in risk algorithms...

  19. Long-term survival of implantable cardioverter defibrillator recipients with end-stage renal disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mikhael F. El-Chami, MD, FACC, FHRS

    2017-10-01

    Conclusion: ESRD patients are at significantly increased risk of mortality as compared with a non-dialysis cohort. While the majority of these patients survive more than one year post-diagnosis, the three-year mortality is high (43%. Randomized studies addressing the benefits of ICDs in ESRD patients are needed to better define their value for primary prevention of SCD.

  20. Pacemaker, implanted cardiac defibrillator and irradiation: Management proposal in 2010 depending on the type of cardiac stimulator and prognosis and location of cancer; Pacemaker, defibrillateur et radiotherapie: propositions de conduite a tenir en 2010 en fonction du type de stimulateur cardiaque, du pronostic et du site du cancer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lambert, P. [Service d' anesthesie reanimation, hopital Nord, centre hospitalier universitaire de Saint-etienne, 42055 Saint-etienne cedex 2 (France); Da Costa, A. [Service de cardiologie, hopital Nord, centre hospitalier universitaire de Saint-etienne, 42055 Saint-etienne cedex 2 (France); Marcy, P.Y. [Departement de radiologie, centre Antoine-Lacassagne, 33, avenue de Valombrose, 06189 Nice cedex 2 (France); Universite Nice Sophia-Antipolis, 33, avenue de Valombrose, 06189 Nice cedex 2 (France); Kreps, S. [Service de radiotherapie Corad, centre regional universitaire de cancerologie Henry-S.-Kaplan, hopital Bretonneau-2, CHU de Tours, boulevard Tonnelle, 37000 Tours (France); Angellier, G.; Marcie, S.; Bondiau, P.Y. [Universite Nice Sophia-Antipolis, 33, avenue de Valombrose, 06189 Nice cedex 2 (France); Departement de radiotherapie oncologie, centre CyberKnife, centre Antoine-Lacassagne, 33, avenue de Valombrose, 06189 Nice cedex 2 (France); Briand-Amoros, C. [Service de radiotherapie, hopital europeen Georges-Pompidou, 20, rue Leblanc, 75015 Paris (France); Thariat, J. [Universite Nice Sophia-Antipolis, 33, avenue de Valombrose, 06189 Nice cedex 2 (France); Departement de radiotherapie oncologie, centre CyberKnife, centre Antoine-Lacassagne, 33, avenue de Valombrose, 06189 Nice cedex 2 (France); IBDC CNRS UMR 6543, centre Antoine-Lacassagne, universite Sophia-Antipolis, 33, avenue de Valombrose, 06189 Nice cedex 2 (France)

    2011-06-15

    Ionizing radiation may interfere with electric components of pacemakers or implantable cardioverter defibrillators. The type, severity and extent of radiation damage to pacemakers, have previously been shown to depend on the total dose and dose rate. Over 300,000 new cancer cases are treated yearly in France, among which 60% are irradiated in the course of their disease. One among 400 of these patients has an implanted pacemaker or defibrillator. The incidence of pacemaker and implanted cardioverter defibrillator increases in an ageing population. The oncologic prognosis must be weighted against the cardiologic prognosis in a multidisciplinary and transversal setting. Innovative irradiation techniques and technological sophistications of pacemakers and implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (with the introduction of more radiosensitive complementary metal-oxide-semiconductors since 1970) have potentially changed the tolerance profiles. This review of the literature studied the geometric, dosimetric and radiobiological characteristics of the radiation beams for high energy photons, stereotactic irradiation, proton-therapy. Standardized protocols and radiotherapy optimization (particle, treatment fields, energy) are advisable in order to improve patient management during radiotherapy and prolonged monitoring is necessary following radiation therapy. The dose received at the pacemaker/heart should be calculated. The threshold for the cumulated dose to the pacemaker/implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (2 to 5 Gy depending on the brand), the necessity to remove/displace the device based on the dose-volume histogram on dosimetry, as well as the use of lead shielding and magnet are discussed. (authors)

  1. Patient perspective on remote monitoring of cardiovascular implantable electronic devices

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Versteeg, H; Pedersen, Susanne S.; Mastenbroek, M H

    2014-01-01

    -effectiveness of remote monitoring. METHODS: The REMOTE-CIED study is an international randomised controlled study that will include 900 consecutive heart failure patients implanted with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) compatible with the Boston Scientific LATITUDE® Remote Patient Management system......BACKGROUND: Remote patient monitoring is a safe and effective alternative for the in-clinic follow-up of patients with cardiovascular implantable electronic devices (CIEDs). However, evidence on the patient perspective on remote monitoring is scarce and inconsistent. OBJECTIVES: The primary...... objective of the REMOTE-CIED study is to evaluate the influence of remote patient monitoring versus in-clinic follow-up on patient-reported outcomes. Secondary objectives are to: 1) identify subgroups of patients who may not be satisfied with remote monitoring; and 2) investigate the cost...

  2. Implantable Medical Devices; Networking Security Survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siamak Aram

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The industry of implantable medical devices (IMDs is constantly evolving, which is dictated by the pressing need to comprehensively address new challenges in the healthcare field. Accordingly, IMDs are becoming more and more sophisticated. Not long ago, the range of IMDs’ technical capacities was expanded, making it possible to establish Internet connection in case of necessity and/or emergency situation for the patient. At the same time, while the web connectivity of today’s implantable devices is rather advanced, the issue of equipping the IMDs with sufficiently strong security system remains unresolved. In fact, IMDs have relatively weak security mechanisms which render them vulnerable to cyber-attacks that compromise the quality of IMDs’ functionalities. This study revolves around the security deficiencies inherent to three types of sensor-based medical devices; biosensors, insulin pump systems and implantable cardioverter defibrillators. Manufacturers of these devices should take into consideration that security and effectiveness of the functionality of implants is highly dependent on the design. In this paper, we present a comprehensive study of IMDs’ architecture and specifically investigate their vulnerabilities at networking interface.

  3. Sexual concerns and practices after ICD implantation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kikkenborg Berg, Selina; Elleman-Jensen, Line; Zwisler, Ann-Dorthe

    2013-01-01

    given about sexual activity, (b) the areas of patient concerns related to sexual function and the ICD, and (c) changes in sexual behavior.Methods:A randomized controlled trial including 196 patients (1:1) was designed, including 12 weeks of exercise training and 1 year of psycho-educational follow......Background:Studies show that patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD) frequently experience sexual dysfunction. These experiences are often linked to exercise intolerance, side-effects of medication, and psychological problems.Objective:To describe (a) the level of information......-up focusing on modifiable factors associated with poor outcomes, including sexual functioning. The Sex After ICD Survey was administered 6 months after the randomization as part of the planned explorative outcomes. 141 patients responded.Results:The analyses showed that 37 of the 69 (55.2%) patients...

  4. Cochlear Implants

    Science.gov (United States)

    A cochlear implant is a small, complex electronic device that can help to provide a sense of sound. People who are ... of-hearing can get help from them. The implant consists of two parts. One part sits on ...

  5. Goserelin Implant

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goserelin implant is used in combination with radiation therapy and other medications to treat localized prostate cancer and is ... treatment of abnormal bleeding of the uterus. Goserelin implant is in a class of medications called gonadotropin- ...

  6. Imaging of patients with implanted devices and arrhythmia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nam Ju Lee

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Expanding implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD indications and significant morbidity and mortality reduction benefits have resulted in a large number of routine ICD implants with appropriate ICD shocks for ventricular arrhythmias. The side-effects and lack of long-term efficacy of antiarrhythmics have made ventricular tachycardia (VT ablation an increasingly attractive treatment option. Although cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR is considered the gold standard technique for imaging of myocardial fibrosis to diagnose and guide VT ablation targets in patients with cardiac arrhythmia, safety concerns and significant artifacts from the devices significantly limit the application of CMR. We discuss how to decrease artifact from cardiac devices and the role of a modified inversion pulse late gadolinium enhancement (LGE CMR sequence as a useful tool in this setting, and we review techniques, safety protocols and limitations from the perspective of our institution’s experience.

  7. Perioperative management of patients with cardiac implantable electronic devices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poveda-Jaramillo, R; Castro-Arias, H D; Vallejo-Zarate, C; Ramos-Hurtado, L F

    2017-05-01

    The use of implantable cardiac devices in people of all ages is increasing, especially in the elderly population: patients with pacemakers, cardioverter-defibrillators or cardiac resynchronization therapy devices regularly present for surgery for non-cardiac causes. This review was made in order to collect and analyze the latest evidence for the proper management of implantable cardiac devices in the perioperative period. Through a detailed exploration of PubMed, Academic Search Complete (EBSCO), ClinicalKey, Cochrane (Ovid), the search software UpToDate, textbooks and patents freely available to the public on Google, we selected 33 monographs, which matched the objectives of this publication. Copyright © 2016 Sociedad Española de Anestesiología, Reanimación y Terapéutica del Dolor. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  8. Dental Implant Surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... here to find out more. Dental Implant Surgery Dental Implant Surgery Dental implant surgery is, of course, surgery, ... here to find out more. Dental Implant Surgery Dental Implant Surgery Dental implant surgery is, of course, surgery, ...

  9. Potential role of telemedical service centers in managing remote monitoring data transmitted daily by cardiac implantable electronic devices: results of the early detection of cardiovascular events in device patients with heart failure (detecT-Pilot) study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Müller, Axel; Goette, Andreas; Perings, Christian; Nägele, Herbert; Konorza, Thomas; Spitzer, Wilhelm; Schulz, Sabine-Susan; von Bary, Christian; Hoffmann, Matthias; Albani, Marco; Sack, Stefan; Niederlöhner, Annegret; Lewalter, Thorsten

    2013-06-01

    Implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) alone or combined with cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT-Ds) featuring automatic home monitoring (HM) function can be monitored remotely on a daily basis. Different ways of implementing HM into clinical routines are possible, with efficient patient management being the main objective. In this study, a concept using a telemedical service center (TmSC) to manage HM data was developed and investigated regarding patients' satisfaction, physicians' satisfaction, and alert filtering. Fifty-five ICD or CRT-D patients with symptomatic heart failure were enrolled. The TmSC received HM data, identified "actionable parameters" (APs) by following protocol-defined procedures, conducted structured patient interviews, and forwarded selected APs to the respective follow-up clinic. Satisfaction of patients and physicians with the TmSC was evaluated at the end of the study by purpose-designed questionnaires. During a mean follow-up of 402±200 days, 3,831 APs were identified and analyzed at the TmSC (5.28 per patient-month). Most APs were triggered by a pilot detection algorithm for worsening heart failure (2.80 per patient-month), followed by atrial tachyarrhythmia episodes (1.10 per patient-month) and ventricular pacing issues (0.87 per patient-month). The TmSC forwarded 682 APs (18% of all APs) to 10 study sites. Approximately 65% of physicians and patients deemed the TmSC improved patient care. The TmSC-based management concept was well accepted and appreciated by the majority of physicians and patients. It may be helpful in gaining symptomatic information on top of automatic HM data and in supporting smaller clinics in the follow-up of their device patients.

  10. Automatic fluid dispenser

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sakellaris, P. C. (Inventor)

    1977-01-01

    Fluid automatically flows to individual dispensing units at predetermined times from a fluid supply and is available only for a predetermined interval of time after which an automatic control causes the fluid to drain from the individual dispensing units. Fluid deprivation continues until the beginning of a new cycle when the fluid is once again automatically made available at the individual dispensing units.

  11. Serum markers of deranged myocardial collagen turnover: their relation to malignant ventricular arrhythmias in cardioverter-defibrillator recipients with heart failure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flevari, Panayota; Theodorakis, George; Leftheriotis, Dionyssios; Kroupis, Christos; Kolokathis, Fotis; Dima, Kleanthi; Anastasiou-Nana, Maria; Kremastinos, Dimitrios

    2012-10-01

    Pathologic collagen remodeling has been involved in the occurrence of ventricular arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death in heart failure. The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between malignant ventricular arrhythmias and cardiac collagen turnover indexes, expressing specific types of derangement in collagen physiology, in stable patients with an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD). Seventy-four patients with an ICD and heart failure were studied. They had coronary artery disease (n = 42) or dilated cardiomyopathy, New York Heart Association classes I and II, and left ventricular ejection fraction 29% ± 1%. An ICD had been implanted for secondary (n = 36) or primary prevention of sudden cardiac death. We assessed (1) markers of collagen types I and III synthesis and their ratio: procollagen type I carboxyterminal peptide (PICP), procollagen type III aminoterminal peptide (PIIINP), and PICP/PIIINP; (2) markers of collagen degradation, degradation inhibition, and their ratio: matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9), tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase (TIMP) 1 (TIMP-1), and MMP-9/TIMP-1. Patients were prospectively followed up for 1 year. The number of episodes necessitating appropriate interventions for ventricular tachyarrhythmias (>170 beat/min) was related to the assessed parameters. Multivariate analysis revealed a significant relation between the number of tachyarrhythmic episodes and MMP-9/TIMP-1 (P = .007), PICP/PIIINP (P = .007), and ejection fraction (P = .04). No other significant relation was observed between arrhythmias and the remaining parameters. In heart failure, biochemical markers indicative of a deranged equilirium in myocardial collagen deposition/degradation and collagen I/III synthesis are related to ventricular arrhythmogenesis. Further studies are needed to investigate their predictive ability. Copyright © 2012 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. Reliability and Validity of the Self Efficacy Expectations and Outcome Expectations After ICD Implantation Scales

    OpenAIRE

    Dougherty, Cynthia M.; Johnston, Sandra K.; Thompson, Elaine Adams

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to assess the reliability and validity characteristics of two new scales that measure self-efficacy expectations (SE-ICD) and outcome expectations (OE-ICD) in survivors (n=168) of sudden cardiac arrest (SCA), all of whom received an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD). Cronbach's alpha reliability demonstrated good internal consistency (SE-ICD α = 0.93 and OE-ICD α = 0.81). Correlations with other self-efficacy instruments (general self-efficacy and soci...

  13. Are patients with cardiac implants protected against electromagnetic interference in daily life and occupational environment?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Napp, Andreas; Stunder, Dominik; Maytin, Melanie; Kraus, Thomas; Marx, Nikolaus; Driessen, Sarah

    2015-07-21

    Utilization of cardiac implants such as pacemakers and implantable cardioverter defibrillators is now commonplace among heart disease patients. The ever-increasing technological complexity of these devices is matched by the near omnipresent exposure to electric, magnetic, and electromagnetic fields (EMFs), both in everyday life and the occupational environment. Given that electromagnetic interferences (EMIs) are associated with potential risk in device patients, physicians are increasingly confronted with managing device patients with intermittent EMI and chronic occupational exposure. The current review aims to provide a contemporary overview of cardiovascular implantable electronic devices, their function and susceptibility of non-medical EMFs and provide recommendations for physicians caring for cardiac device patients presenting with EMI. Published on behalf of the European Society of Cardiology. All rights reserved. © The Author 2015. For permissions please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  14. Critical appraisal of cardiac implantable electronic devices: complications and management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Padeletti L

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Luigi Padeletti1, Giosuè Mascioli2, Alessandro Paoletti Perini1, Gino Grifoni1, Laura Perrotta1, Procolo Marchese3, Luca Bontempi3, Antonio Curnis31Istituto di Clinica Medica e Cardiologia, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Italia; 2Elettrofisiologia, Istituto Humanitas Gavazzeni, Bergamo, Italia; 3Elettrofisiologia, Spedali Civili, Brescia, ItaliaAbstract: Population aging and broader indications for the implant of cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs are the main reasons for the continuous increase in the use of pacemakers (PMs, implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs and devices for cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT-P, CRT-D. The growing burden of comorbidities in CIED patients, the greater complexity of the devices, and the increased duration of procedures have led to an augmented risk of infections, which is out of proportion to the increase in implantation rate. CIED infections are an ominous condition, which often implies the necessity of hospitalization and carries an augmented risk of in-hospital death. Their clinical presentation may be either at pocket or at endocardial level, but they can also manifest themselves with lone bacteremia. The management of these infections requires the complete removal of the device and subsequent, specific, antibiotic therapy. CIED failures are monitored by competent public authorities, that require physicians to alert them to any failures, and that suggest the opportune strategies for their management. Although the replacement of all potentially affected devices is often suggested, common practice indicates the replacement of only a minority of devices, as close follow-up of the patients involved may be a safer strategy. Implantation of a PM or an ICD may cause problems in the patients' psychosocial adaptation and quality of life, and may contribute to the development of affective disorders. Clinicians are usually unaware of the psychosocial impact of implanted PMs and ICDs. The

  15. Automatic Fiscal Stabilizers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Narcis Eduard Mitu

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Policies or institutions (built into an economic system that automatically tend to dampen economic cycle fluctuations in income, employment, etc., without direct government intervention. For example, in boom times, progressive income tax automatically reduces money supply as incomes and spendings rise. Similarly, in recessionary times, payment of unemployment benefits injects more money in the system and stimulates demand. Also called automatic stabilizers or built-in stabilizers.

  16. Automatic differentiation bibliography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Corliss, G.F. (comp.)

    1992-07-01

    This is a bibliography of work related to automatic differentiation. Automatic differentiation is a technique for the fast, accurate propagation of derivative values using the chain rule. It is neither symbolic nor numeric. Automatic differentiation is a fundamental tool for scientific computation, with applications in optimization, nonlinear equations, nonlinear least squares approximation, stiff ordinary differential equation, partial differential equations, continuation methods, and sensitivity analysis. This report is an updated version of the bibliography which originally appeared in Automatic Differentiation of Algorithms: Theory, Implementation, and Application.

  17. Residual neural processing of musical sound features in adult cochlear implant users

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Timm, Lydia; Vuust, Peter; Brattico, Evira

    2014-01-01

    Auditory processing in general and music perception in particular are hampered in adult cochlear implant (CI) users. To examine the residual music perception skills and their underlying neural correlates in CI users implanted in adolescence or adulthood, we conducted an electrophysiological...... neural skills for music processing even in CI users who have been implanted in adolescence or adulthood. HIGHLIGHTS: -Automatic brain responses to musical feature changes reflect the limitations of central auditory processing in adult Cochlear Implant users.-The brains of adult CI users automatically......: auditory evoked potentials; cochlear implant; mismatch negativity; music multi-feature paradigm; music perception...

  18. Implantation metallurgy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Picraux, S.T.

    1975-01-01

    Important changes in the near-surface physical properties of metals were obtained by high-fluence ion implantation. Recently there have been an increasing number of studies of the behavior of implanted species with the aim of understanding the detailed physical processes that occur in an implanted metal layer. A key aspect of these implantation metallurgy studies has been the ability to form uniquely controlled systems in the near-surface regions of metals that can be studied with accurate depth resolution. Metallurgical parameters that may be difficult or impossible to obtain by other means can be measured. Also, parameters that depend on the implantation process, due to the athermal introduction of atoms and defects can be determined. Thus the dual objective of implantation metallurgy is to obtain information to improve understanding of the microscopic aspects of metallurgy and to understand how to form controlled new metallurgical systems. Examples of parameters studied include implanted impurity location, diffusion, enhanced diffusion, solubility, precipitation, and dissolution. (auth)

  19. Cochlear implant

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... made up of a microphone/receiver, a speech processor, and an antenna. This part of the implant ... ear. This sound is sent to a speech processor, which is most often connected to the microphone ...

  20. Automatic control systems engineering

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Shin, Yun Gi

    2004-01-01

    This book gives descriptions of automatic control for electrical electronics, which indicates history of automatic control, Laplace transform, block diagram and signal flow diagram, electrometer, linearization of system, space of situation, state space analysis of electric system, sensor, hydro controlling system, stability, time response of linear dynamic system, conception of root locus, procedure to draw root locus, frequency response, and design of control system.

  1. Neural Bases of Automaticity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Servant, Mathieu; Cassey, Peter; Woodman, Geoffrey F.; Logan, Gordon D.

    2018-01-01

    Automaticity allows us to perform tasks in a fast, efficient, and effortless manner after sufficient practice. Theories of automaticity propose that across practice processing transitions from being controlled by working memory to being controlled by long-term memory retrieval. Recent event-related potential (ERP) studies have sought to test this…

  2. Focusing Automatic Code Inspections

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boogerd, C.J.

    2010-01-01

    Automatic Code Inspection tools help developers in early detection of defects in software. A well-known drawback of many automatic inspection approaches is that they yield too many warnings and require a clearer focus. In this thesis, we provide such focus by proposing two methods to prioritize

  3. Automatic differentiation of functions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Douglas, S.R.

    1990-06-01

    Automatic differentiation is a method of computing derivatives of functions to any order in any number of variables. The functions must be expressible as combinations of elementary functions. When evaluated at specific numerical points, the derivatives have no truncation error and are automatically found. The method is illustrated by simple examples. Source code in FORTRAN is provided

  4. AUTOMATIC INTRAVENOUS DRIP CONTROLLER*

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Both the nursing staff shortage and the need for precise control in the administration of dangerous drugs intra- venously have led to the development of various devices to achieve an automatic system. The continuous automatic control of the drip rate eliminates errors due to any physical effect such as movement of the ...

  5. Automatic Camera Control

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Burelli, Paolo; Preuss, Mike

    2014-01-01

    Automatically generating computer animations is a challenging and complex problem with applications in games and film production. In this paper, we investigate howto translate a shot list for a virtual scene into a series of virtual camera configurations — i.e automatically controlling the virtual...

  6. Breast reconstruction - implants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Breast implants surgery; Mastectomy - breast reconstruction with implants; Breast cancer - breast reconstruction with implants ... to close the skin flaps. Breast reconstruction with implants is usually done in two stages, or surgeries. ...

  7. Desfibrilador automático implantado en pacientes con miocardiopatía hipertrófica: criterios de selección, evolución y predictores de terapia apropiada Automatic defibrillator implanted in patients with hypertrophic myocardiopathy: selection criteria, evolution and appropriate therapy predictors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillermo Mora

    Full Text Available Introducción y objetivos: la miocardiopatía hipertrófica es una enfermedad de origen genético con prevalencia de 1% al 2%. La mitad de los pacientes fallecen por muerte súbita cardiaca, la mayoría por arritmias ventriculares. Todavía no está claro a qué pacientes se les debe implantar un desfibrilador automático. El objetivo de este trabajo es describir una serie de pacientes con implante, los criterios empleados y los resultados obtenidos, así como analizar los predictores de terapia apropiada por el desfibrilador. Métodos: se incluyeron 20 pacientes que recibieron un desfibrilador de tercera generación. En todos se realizó estudio electrofisiológico y seguimiento prospectivo con registro de eventos. En 18 (90% se hizo estudio genético. Resultados: el 55% eran hombres con edad promedio de 40 [11-78] años. Seis (30% recibieron implantante por prevención secundaria y 14 (70% por prevención primaria; los últimos por presentar varios factores de riesgo. Se indujo una arritmia sostenida en 15 (75% y en 3 (15% taquicardia ventricular monomórfica sostenida. A 22 meses de seguimiento 4 (20% sufrieron terapia apropiada y 2 (10% fallecieron. La taquicardia ventricular monomórfica clínica (p=0,03 y la inducida (pIntroduction and objectives: hypertrophic myocardiopathy is a genetic entity with 1% to 2% prevalence. Half patients die of sudden cardiac death, most due to ventricular arrhythmias. There is still no clarity with regard to the patients to whom an automatic defibrillator has to be implanted. The objective of this work is to describe a series of patients with implant, the criteria used and the results obtained, as well as to analyze the predictors of appropriate therapy with the defibrillator. Methods: 20 patients that received a third generation defibrillator were included. Electrophysiological study and prospective follow-up with register of events was performed in all. Genetic study was done in 18 (90%. Results: 55% were

  8. Inappropriate Shock Delivered By Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator - Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy (ICD-CRT Due To Myopotential Oversensing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamid Barakpour

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The clinical efficacy of ICD-CRT therapy depends on accurate sensing of intracardiac signals and sensing algorithms. We report the occurrence of sensing abnormality in a patient with ICD-CRT. In this patient, oversensing of myopotentials during strenuous muscular activity resulted in an inappropriate ICD-CRT discharge. Although modern ICDs are highly effective in detecting and terminating malignant tachyarrhythmias, their detection specificity must be improved. It is possible to find the mechanism of arrhythmia by EGM. Simple device reprogramming make it possible to avoid the oversensing of myopotentials.

  9. Association between implantable cardioverter-defibrillator therapy and different lead positions in patients with cardiac resynchronization therapy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kronborg, Mads Brix; Johansen, Jens Brock; Haarbo, Jens

    2018-01-01

    ratios (aHR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI). Following variables were included in the analysis: gender, age, heart failure aetiology, New York heart association class, left ventricular ejection fraction, QRS duration, indication (secondary or primary prophylactic), RV-LP, LV-LP, and antiarrhythmic......Aims: To evaluate the impact of different right and left ventricular lead positions (RV-LP and LV-LP) on the risk of therapy for ventricular tachycardia/ventricular fibrillation in patients with a cardiac resynchronization therapy device (CRT-D). Methods and results: We performed a large nationwide...... with an apical. We observed no significant association between appropriate therapy and LV-LP in left anterior oblique or right anterior oblique views or inappropriate therapy between any lead positions. Conclusion: An apical RV-LP is associated with an increased risk of appropriate therapy for ventricular...

  10. Automatic Test Systems Aquisition

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    1994-01-01

    We are providing this final memorandum report for your information and use. This report discusses the efforts to achieve commonality in standards among the Military Departments as part of the DoD policy for automatic test systems (ATS...

  11. Automatic requirements traceability

    OpenAIRE

    Andžiulytė, Justė

    2017-01-01

    This paper focuses on automatic requirements traceability and algorithms that automatically find recommendation links for requirements. The main objective of this paper is the evaluation of these algorithms and preparation of the method defining algorithms to be used in different cases. This paper presents and examines probabilistic, vector space and latent semantic indexing models of information retrieval and association rule mining using authors own implementations of these algorithms and o...

  12. Position automatic determination technology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1985-10-01

    This book tells of method of position determination and characteristic, control method of position determination and point of design, point of sensor choice for position detector, position determination of digital control system, application of clutch break in high frequency position determination, automation technique of position determination, position determination by electromagnetic clutch and break, air cylinder, cam and solenoid, stop position control of automatic guide vehicle, stacker crane and automatic transfer control.

  13. Totally Leadless Dual-Device Implantation for Combined Spontaneous Ventricular Tachycardia Defibrillation and Pacemaker Function: A First Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmed, Fozia Zahir; Cunnington, Colin; Motwani, Manish; Zaidi, Amir Masood

    2017-08-01

    Subcutaneous implantable cardioverter defibrillators (S-ICDs) provide effective defibrillation, while also reducing the risk of long-term lead problems. However, S-ICDs do not offer bradycardia or antitachycardia pacing and therefore use has been limited. Combined implantation of an S-ICD with a leadless pacemaker (LP) has been proposed to overcome this limitation. Although a handful of combined S-ICD/LP implantations have been reported for Nanostim (St Jude Medical, St Paul, MN) as well as Micra LP (Medtronic, Minneapolis, MN) systems, none have documented delivery of appropriate shock therapies for spontaneous ventricular tachycardia. We report the first case of effective defibrillation for spontaneous ventricular tachycardia in a patient with combined Micra LP and S-ICD. Copyright © 2017 Canadian Cardiovascular Society. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Treating cardiac arrhythmias detected with an implantable cardiac monitor in patients after an acute myocardial infarction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jøns, Christian; Thomsen, Poul Erik Bloch

    2012-01-01

    was the first to use the ICM in post-MI patients with moderate to severe left ventricular systolic dysfunction. Atrial fibrillation (AF) events lasting longer than 30 s were associated with an almost threefold increase in the risk of major cardiac events. This confirms the current definition of clinically......, and in the case of left ventricular dysfunction (LVEF ≤ 35%), an implantable cardioverter defibrillator/cardiac resynchronization therapy defibrillator (ICD/CRT-D) may be indicated. Nonsustained ventricular tachycardia (VT) is very frequent in post-MI patients, and in the CARISMA study, high-risk patients...... with nonsustained VT were implanted with an ICD. Furthermore, in 10% of the patients, the ICM recorded nonsustained VT episodes of ≥ 16 beats per minute, resulting in a twofold increase in the risk for cardiac death. Thus, patients with nonsustained VT should undergo careful investigation, and we recommend a repeat...

  15. Electromagnetic interference of implantable cardiac devices from a shoulder massage machine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoshida, Saeko; Fujiwara, Kousaku; Kohira, Satoshi; Hirose, Minoru

    2014-09-01

    Shoulder massage machines have two pads that are driven by solenoid coils to perform a per cussive massage on the shoulders. There have been concerns that such machines might create electromagnetic interference (EMI) in implantable cardiac devices because of the time-varying magnetic fields produced by the alternating current in the solenoid coils. The objective of this study was to investigate the potential EMI from one such shoulder massage machine on implantable cardiac devices. We measured the distribution profile of the magnetic field intensity around the massage machine. Furthermore, we performed an inhibition test and an asynchronous test on an implantable cardiac pacemaker using the standardized Irnich human body model. We examined the events on an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) using a pacemaker programmer while the massage machine was in operation. The magnetic field distribution profile exhibited a peak intensity of 212 (A/m) in one of the solenoid coils. The maximal interference distance between the massage machine and the implantable cardiac pacemaker was 28 cm. Ventricular fibrillation was induced when the massage machine was brought near the electrode of the ICD and touched the Irnich human body model. It is necessary to provide a "don't use" warning on the box or the exterior of the massage machines or in the user manuals and to caution patients with implanted pacemakers about the dangers and appropriate usage of massage machines.

  16. Cochlear Implants

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... For young children who are deaf or severely hard-of-hearing, using a cochlear implant while they are young exposes them to sounds during an optimal period to develop speech and language skills. Research has shown that when these children receive ...

  17. Posttraumatic stress and quality of life with the totally subcutaneous compared to conventional cardioverter-defibrillator systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Köbe, Julia; Hucklenbroich, Katharina; Geisendörfer, Nils; Bettin, Markus; Frommeyer, Gerrit; Reinke, Florian; Dechering, Dirk; Burgmer, Markus; Eckardt, Lars

    2017-05-01

    For prevention of sudden cardiac death, the transvenously implantable cardioverter-defibrillator therapy (tv-ICD) is well accepted. The subcutaneous system (S-ICD ® ) is promising in terms of reducing ICD complications. Nevertheless, the impact of the novel generator position on patients' quality of life (QoL) is yet unknown. This study aimed at comparing QoL and posttraumatic stress with both systems. 60 S-ICD ® and 60 case-controlled tv single-chamber ICD patients were asked to respond to three standardized questionnaires. PDS [screening for posttraumatic stress disorders (PTSD)] and PHQ-D (detection of the most predominant psychological disorders) were used to screen for potential mental comorbidities. The SF-12 questionnaire was used to evaluate physical and mental well-being. Groups were compared in terms of QoL and PTSD. n = 42 (70%) pairs were analyzed (n = 30 male, mean age 44.6 ± 12.2 years). Prior appropriate (p = 0.06) or inappropriate episodes (p = 0.24), ejection fraction (p = 0.28), or underlying cardiac disease did not differ significantly between groups. PDS revealed a PTSD in n = 6 tv-ICD and n = 6 S-ICD ® patients (14.3%) equally. In the PHQ-D questionnaire, n = 4 tv-ICD and n = 2 S-ICD ® patients fulfilled criteria for a major depression (p = 0.68). Panic disorders (n = 2 tv, n = 0 S-ICD ® , p = 0.5), and anxiety disorders (n = 3 S-ICD ® , n = 0 tv-ICD, p = 0.24) did not differ between groups. The physical well-being score was 39.9 ± 12.5 in patients with a tv-ICD compared to 46.6 ± 9.9 in S-ICD ® patients (p = 0.01). The mental well-being score was comparable in both groups (tv-ICD 51.8 ± 10.8 vs. S-ICD ® 51.9 ± 10.4, p = 0.95). Our case-control study revealed equal or even better physical well-being of patients with the S-ICD ® . PTSD occurred in almost 15% of ICD patients irrespective of the type of system.

  18. Automatic text summarization

    CERN Document Server

    Torres Moreno, Juan Manuel

    2014-01-01

    This new textbook examines the motivations and the different algorithms for automatic document summarization (ADS). We performed a recent state of the art. The book shows the main problems of ADS, difficulties and the solutions provided by the community. It presents recent advances in ADS, as well as current applications and trends. The approaches are statistical, linguistic and symbolic. Several exemples are included in order to clarify the theoretical concepts.  The books currently available in the area of Automatic Document Summarization are not recent. Powerful algorithms have been develop

  19. Automatic Ultrasound Scanning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moshavegh, Ramin

    on the scanners, and to improve the computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) in ultrasound by introducing new quantitative measures. Thus, four major issues concerning automation of the medical ultrasound are addressed in this PhD project. They touch upon gain adjustments in ultrasound, automatic synthetic aperture image...... on the user adjustments on the scanner interface to optimize the scan settings. This explains the huge interest in the subject of this PhD project entitled “AUTOMATIC ULTRASOUND SCANNING”. The key goals of the project have been to develop automated techniques to minimize the unnecessary settings...

  20. Short Implants: New Horizon in Implant Dentistry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gulati, Manisha; Garg, Meenu; Pathak, Chetan

    2016-01-01

    The choice of implant length is an essential factor in deciding the survival rates of these implants and the overall success of the prosthesis. Placing an implant in the posterior part of the maxilla and mandible has always been very critical due to poor bone quality and quantity. Long implants can be placed in association with complex surgical procedures such as sinus lift and bone augmentation. These techniques are associated with higher cost, increased treatment time and greater morbidity. Hence, there is need for a less invasive treatment option in areas of poor bone quantity and quality. Data related to survival rates of short implants, their design and prosthetic considerations has been compiled and structured in this manuscript with emphasis on the indications, advantages of short implants and critical biomechanical factors to be taken into consideration when choosing to place them. Studies have shown that comparable success rates can be achieved with short implants as those with long implants by decreasing the lateral forces to the prosthesis, eliminating cantilevers, increasing implant surface area and improving implant to abutment connection. Short implants can be considered as an effective treatment alternative in resorbed ridges. Short implants can be considered as a viable treatment option in atrophic ridge cases in order to avoid complex surgical procedures required to place long implants. With improvement in the implant surface geometry and surface texture, there is an increase in the bone implant contact area which provides a good primary stability during osseo-integration. PMID:27790598

  1. Short Implants: New Horizon in Implant Dentistry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jain, Neha; Gulati, Manisha; Garg, Meenu; Pathak, Chetan

    2016-09-01

    The choice of implant length is an essential factor in deciding the survival rates of these implants and the overall success of the prosthesis. Placing an implant in the posterior part of the maxilla and mandible has always been very critical due to poor bone quality and quantity. Long implants can be placed in association with complex surgical procedures such as sinus lift and bone augmentation. These techniques are associated with higher cost, increased treatment time and greater morbidity. Hence, there is need for a less invasive treatment option in areas of poor bone quantity and quality. Data related to survival rates of short implants, their design and prosthetic considerations has been compiled and structured in this manuscript with emphasis on the indications, advantages of short implants and critical biomechanical factors to be taken into consideration when choosing to place them. Studies have shown that comparable success rates can be achieved with short implants as those with long implants by decreasing the lateral forces to the prosthesis, eliminating cantilevers, increasing implant surface area and improving implant to abutment connection. Short implants can be considered as an effective treatment alternative in resorbed ridges. Short implants can be considered as a viable treatment option in atrophic ridge cases in order to avoid complex surgical procedures required to place long implants. With improvement in the implant surface geometry and surface texture, there is an increase in the bone implant contact area which provides a good primary stability during osseo-integration.

  2. Radiographic implications of procedures involving cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs – Selected aspects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roman Steckiewicz

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Some cardiac implantable electronic device (CIED implantation procedures require the use of X-rays, which is reflected by such parameters as total fluoroscopy time (TFT and dose-area product (DAP – defined as the absorbed dose multiplied by the area irradiated. Material and Methods: This retrospective study evaluated 522 CIED implantation (424 de novo and 98 device upgrade and new lead placement procedures in 176 women and 346 men (mean age 75±11 years over the period 2012–2015. The recorded procedure-related parameters TFT and DAP were evaluated in the subgroups specified below. The group of 424 de novo procedures included 203 pacemaker (PM and 171 implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD implantation procedures, separately stratified by single-chamber and dual-chamber systems. Another subgroup of de novo procedures involved 50 cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT devices. The evaluated parameters in the group of 98 upgrade procedures were compared between 2 subgroups: CRT only and combined PM and ICD implantation procedures. Results: We observed differences in TFT and DAP values between procedure types, with PM-related procedures showing the lowest, ICD – intermediate (with values for single-chamber considerably lower than those for dual-chamber systems and CRT implantation procedures – highest X-ray exposure. Upgrades to CRT were associated with 4 times higher TFT and DAP values in comparison to those during other upgrade procedures. Cardiac resynchronization therapy de novo implantation procedures and upgrades to CRT showed similar mean values of these evaluated parameters. Conclusions: Total fluoroscopy time and DAP values correlated progressively with CIED implantation procedure complexity, with CRT-related procedures showing the highest values of both parameters. Med Pr 2017;68(3:363–374

  3. Reactor component automatic grapple

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Greenaway, P.R.

    1982-01-01

    A grapple for handling nuclear reactor components in a medium such as liquid sodium which, upon proper seating and alignment of the grapple with the component as sensed by a mechanical logic integral to the grapple, automatically seizes the component. The mechanical logic system also precludes seizure in the absence of proper seating and alignment. (author)

  4. Automatic Commercial Permit Sets

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Grana, Paul [Folsom Labs, Inc., San Francisco, CA (United States)

    2017-12-21

    Final report for Folsom Labs’ Solar Permit Generator project, which has successfully completed, resulting in the development and commercialization of a software toolkit within the cloud-based HelioScope software environment that enables solar engineers to automatically generate and manage draft documents for permit submission.

  5. Automatic Complexity Analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rosendahl, Mads

    1989-01-01

    One way to analyse programs is to to derive expressions for their computational behaviour. A time bound function (or worst-case complexity) gives an upper bound for the computation time as a function of the size of input. We describe a system to derive such time bounds automatically using abstrac...

  6. Wireless microsensor network solutions for neurological implantable devices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abraham, Jose K.; Whitchurch, Ashwin; Varadan, Vijay K.

    2005-05-01

    trigger the feed back system or contact a point-of-care office that can remotely control the implantable system. The remote monitoring technology can be adaptable to EEG monitoring of children with epilepsy, implantable cardioverters/defibrillators, pacemakers, chronic pain management systems, treatment for sleep disorders, patients with implantable devices for diabetes. In addition, the development of a wireless neural electronics interface to detect, transmit and analyze neural signals could help patients with spinal injuries to regain some semblance of mobile activity.

  7. Implantation, recoil implantation, and sputtering

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kelly, R.

    1984-01-01

    Underlying ion-beam modification of surfaces is the more basic subject of particle-surface interaction. The ideas can be grouped into forward and backward features, i.e. those affecting the interior of the target and those leading to particle expulsion. Forward effects include the stopping of the incident particles and the deposition of energy, both governed by integral equations which are easily set up but difficult to solve. Closely related is recoil implantation where emphasis is placed not on the stopping of the incident particles but on their interaction with target atoms with resulting implantation of these atoms. Backward effects, all of which are denoted as sputtering, are in general either of collisional, thermal, electronic, or exfoliational origin. (Auth.)

  8. Influence of body position on defibrillation thresholds of nonthoracotomy implantable defibrillators: a prospective randomized evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schauerte, P; Diem, B; Ziegert, K; Franke, A; Hanrath, P; Stellbrink, C

    1998-07-01

    Defibrillation thresholds (DFTs) usually are determined with the patient in the supine position. However, patients may be in the upright position when a shock is delivered during follow-up, which may explain some first shock failures observed clinically. This study investigated whether body posture affects defibrillation energy requirements of nonthoracotomy implantable cardioverter defibrillators with biphasic shocks. Using a step up-down protocol, DFTs were compared intraindividually in 52 patients ("active-can" sytems in 41 patients, two-lead systems in 11 patients) for the supine and upright positions as achieved by a tilt table. The mean DFT was 7.3 +/- 4.2 J in the supine versus 9.2 +/- 4.8 J in the upright position (P = 0.002). Repeated comparison in reversed order 3 months after implantation in 22 patients revealed thresholds of 6.2 +/- 2.5 J (supine) versus 8.4 +/- 3.7 J (upright; P body positions from 1 week to 3 months after implantation (P body position. (2) Differences remain significant 3 months after implantation. For both body positions, DFT decreases significantly from 1 week to 3 months after implantation. These findings have important implications for programming first shock energy to lower than maximal values or for development of devices with lower maximal stored energy.

  9. Cochlear Implant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehrnaz Karimi

    1993-03-01

    Full Text Available People with profound hearing loss are not able to use some kinds of conventional amplifiers due to the nature of their loss. In these people, hearing sense is stimulated only when the auditory nerve is activated via electrical stimulation. This stimulation is possible through cochlear implant. In fact, for the deaf people who have good mental health and can not use surgical and medical treatment and also can not benefit from air and bone conduction hearing aids, this device is used if they have normal central auditory system. The basic parts of the device included: Microphone, speech processor, transmitter, stimulator and receiver, and electrode array.

  10. Cochlear Implant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehrnaz Karimi

    1992-04-01

    Full Text Available People with profound hearing loss are not able to use some kinds of conventional amplifiers due to the nature of their loss . In these people, hearing sense is stimulated only when the auditory nerve is activated via electrical stimulation. This stimulation is possible through cochlear implant. In fact, for the deaf people who have good mental health and can not use surgical and medical treatment and also can not benefit from air and bone conduction hearing aids, this device is used if they have normal central auditory system. The basic parts of the device included: Microphone, speech processor, transmitter, stimulator and receiver, and electrode array.

  11. [The absence of interference between GSM mobile telephones and implantable defibrillators: an in-vivo study. Groupe Systèmes Mobiles].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanmartín, M; Fernández Lozano, I; Márquez, J; Antorrena, I; Bautista, A; Silva, L; Ortigosa, J; de Artaza, M

    1997-10-01

    The electromagnetic field created by mobile telephones can cause pacemaker dysfunction. Although implantable cardioverter defibrillators are also susceptible to electromagnetic interference, few studies have addressed this issue and compatibility with the GSM mode has not been tested. This study was developed to detect possible "in vivo" interference between GSM mobile telephones and implantable cardioverter defibrillators. The study group is composed of 30 patients with 8 different models of defibrillators. Twenty six had endocardial leads and 4 epicardial. Three GSM mobile phones were used: Siemens S3 COM and Motorola 6200 in all cases and Ericsson GA 318 in one. The tests were performed under continuous electrocardiographic monitoring. All therapies were deactivated and sensitivities were set to maximal parameters. The telephones were positioned in close contact to the defibrillator can and precordium, in two different angles. Three situations were evaluated: calling, established contact for 15 seconds and ringing. The protocol was repeated during pacing to assess the possibility of pacemaker mode inhibition. No cases of electromagnetic interference were observed. One patient presented non-sustained ventricular tachycardia episodes during the tests that were detected by the defibrillator. These results suggest that electromagnetic interference by GSM mobile phones are not a probable cause of implantable defibrillators dysfunction.

  12. Automatic trend estimation

    CERN Document Server

    Vamos¸, C˘alin

    2013-01-01

    Our book introduces a method to evaluate the accuracy of trend estimation algorithms under conditions similar to those encountered in real time series processing. This method is based on Monte Carlo experiments with artificial time series numerically generated by an original algorithm. The second part of the book contains several automatic algorithms for trend estimation and time series partitioning. The source codes of the computer programs implementing these original automatic algorithms are given in the appendix and will be freely available on the web. The book contains clear statement of the conditions and the approximations under which the algorithms work, as well as the proper interpretation of their results. We illustrate the functioning of the analyzed algorithms by processing time series from astrophysics, finance, biophysics, and paleoclimatology. The numerical experiment method extensively used in our book is already in common use in computational and statistical physics.

  13. Automatic Program Development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Automatic Program Development is a tribute to Robert Paige (1947-1999), our accomplished and respected colleague, and moreover our good friend, whose untimely passing was a loss to our academic and research community. We have collected the revised, updated versions of the papers published in his ...... a renewed stimulus for continuing and deepening Bob's research visions. A familiar touch is given to the book by some pictures kindly provided to us by his wife Nieba, the personal recollections of his brother Gary and some of his colleagues and friends....... honor in the Higher-Order and Symbolic Computation Journal in the years 2003 and 2005. Among them there are two papers by Bob: (i) a retrospective view of his research lines, and (ii) a proposal for future studies in the area of the automatic program derivation. The book also includes some papers...

  14. Automaticity or active control

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tudoran, Ana Alina; Olsen, Svein Ottar

    This study addresses the quasi-moderating role of habit strength in explaining action loyalty. A model of loyalty behaviour is proposed that extends the traditional satisfaction–intention–action loyalty network. Habit strength is conceptualised as a cognitive construct to refer to the psychological...... aspects of the construct, such as routine, inertia, automaticity, or very little conscious deliberation. The data consist of 2962 consumers participating in a large European survey. The results show that habit strength significantly moderates the association between satisfaction and action loyalty, and......, respectively, between intended loyalty and action loyalty. At high levels of habit strength, consumers are more likely to free up cognitive resources and incline the balance from controlled to routine and automatic-like responses....

  15. Automatic measuring of quality criteria for heart valves

    Science.gov (United States)

    Condurache, Alexandru Paul; Hahn, Tobias; Hofmann, Ulrich G.; Scharfschwerdt, Michael; Misfeld, Martin; Aach, Til

    2007-03-01

    Patients suffering from a heart valve deficiency are often treated by replacing the valve with an artificial or biological implant. In case of biological implants, the use of porcine heart valves is common. Quality assessment and inspection methods are mandatory to supply the patients (and also medical research) with only the best such xenograft implants thus reducing the number of follow-up surgeries to replace worn-up valves. We describe an approach for automatic in-vitro evaluation of prosthetic heart valves in an artificial circulation system. We show how to measure the orifice area during a heart cycle to obtain an orifice curve. Different quality parameters are then estimated on such curves.

  16. Automatic food decisions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mueller Loose, Simone

    Consumers' food decisions are to a large extent shaped by automatic processes, which are either internally directed through learned habits and routines or externally influenced by context factors and visual information triggers. Innovative research methods such as eye tracking, choice experiments...... and food diaries allow us to better understand the impact of unconscious processes on consumers' food choices. Simone Mueller Loose will provide an overview of recent research insights into the effects of habit and context on consumers' food choices....

  17. Automatic Language Identification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-08-01

    hundreds guish one language from another. The reader is referred of input languages would need to be supported , the cost of to the linguistics literature...eventually obtained bet- 108 TRAINING FRENCH GERMAN ITRAIING FRENCH M- ALGORITHM - __ GERMAN NHSPANISH TRAINING SPEECH SET OF MODELS: UTTERANCES ONE MODEL...i.e. vowels ) for each speech utterance are located malized to be insensitive to overall amplitude, pitch and automatically. Next, feature vectors

  18. Cochlear implant electrode localization in post-operative CT using a spherical measure

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Braithwaite, Benjamin Michael; Kjer, Hans Martin; Fagertun, Jens

    2016-01-01

    When implanting cochlear implants the positions of electrodes have a large impact on the quality of the restored hearing. Due to metal artifacts it is difficult to estimate the precise location in post-operative scans. In this paper we present a method for automatically locating and determining t...

  19. Arrhythmic death and ICD implantation after myocardial infarction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Federico Lombardi

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available Arrhythmic death remains one of the most important causes of mortality after an acute myocardial infarction also in the revascularization era. As a consequence, identification of patients at risk should be performed before discharge. Unfortunately, in the clinical practice, this evaluation is mainly based on detection of a depressed left ventricular ejection. This approach, however, cannot adequately distinguish arrhythmic versus non-arrhythmic risk. This issue is of critical relevance when considering that arrhythmic death can be significantly reduced by appropriate interventions of implantable cardioverter defibrillator. Available evidence, however, indicates that in the first month after myocardial infarction, device implantation does not significantly reduce cardiac mortality: it seems that the reduction of arrhythmic death is counterbalanced by an increase in rate of death from non arrhythmic cause. It is therefore to be hoped that, in the future, arrhythmic risk evaluation will be based not only on the extent of left ventricular dysfunction but also on the analysis of other risk markers such as those reflecting autonomic dysfunction, cardiac electrical instability and presence of subclinical inflammation.

  20. The cardiac implantable electronic device power source: evolution and revolution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mond, Harry G; Freitag, Gary

    2014-12-01

    Although the first power source for an implantable pacemaker was a rechargeable nickel-cadmium battery, it was rapidly replaced by an unreliable short-life zinc-mercury cell. This sustained the small pacemaker industry until the early 1970s, when the lithium-iodine cell became the dominant power source for low voltage, microampere current, single- and dual-chamber pacemakers. By the early 2000s, a number of significant advances were occurring with pacemaker technology which necessitated that the power source should now provide milliampere current for data logging, telemetric communication, and programming, as well as powering more complicated pacing devices such as biventricular pacemakers, treatment or prevention of atrial tachyarrhythmias, and the integration of innovative physiologic sensors. Because the current delivery of the lithium-iodine battery was inadequate for these functions, other lithium anode chemistries that can provide medium power were introduced. These include lithium-carbon monofluoride, lithium-manganese dioxide, and lithium-silver vanadium oxide/carbon mono-fluoride hybrids. In the early 1980s, the first implantable defibrillators for high voltage therapy used a lithium-vanadium pentoxide battery. With the introduction of the implantable cardioverter defibrillator, the reliable lithium-silver vanadium oxide became the power source. More recently, because of the demands of biventricular pacing, data logging, and telemetry, lithium-manganese dioxide and the hybrid lithium-silver vanadium oxide/carbon mono-fluoride laminate have also been used. Today all cardiac implantable electronic devices are powered by lithium anode batteries. ©2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.