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Sample records for autologous platelet-rich fibrin

  1. A Novel Method for Iatrogenic Vesicovaginal Fistula Treatment: Autologous Platelet Rich Plasma Injection and Platelet Rich Fibrin Glue Interposition

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: Vesicovaginal fistula remains a challenge in surgical therapy. In this study autologous platelet rich plasma and platelet rich fibrin glue were used as a minimally invasive approach for vesicovaginal fistula closure. Materials and Methods: Data including age, parity, ICIQ-UI (International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-urinary incontinence), ICIQ-QOL (International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-quality of life), duration of leakage, fistula d...

  2. Platelet-Rich Fibrin: An Autologous Fibrin Matrix in Surgical Procedures: A Case Report and Review of Literature

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    Amir Hossein Nejat

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The healing process after surgery is a challenging issue for surgeons. Various materials and techniques have been developed to facilitate this process and reduce its period. Fibrin adhesives are often used in cardiothoracic and vascular surgery to seal diffuse microvascular bleeding and in general and plastic surgery to seal wound borders. This Case report and literature review will introduce the various usages of platelet-rich fibrin in different surgical procedures and the method of producing the matrix. Case Report: A 24-year old man with periorbital skin avulsion treated with PRF membrane has been reported and discussed in this paper.  Conclusion: Platelet-rich fibrin is a natural autologous fibrin matrix, which can be produced with a simple blood sample and a table centrifuge. The material has been used in a wide range of surgical procedures to shorten the healing period and reduce post-surgical complications.

  3. Characteristics of an autologous leukocyte and platelet-rich fibrin patch intended for the treatment of recalcitrant wounds

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lundquist, Rasmus; Holmstrøm, Kim; Clausen, Christian

    2012-01-01

    of chronic wound fluid. By comparison with traditional platelet-rich plasma, differences in immune components were found. The relevance of these findings was assessed by showing a mitogenic and migratory effect on cultured human dermal fibroblasts. Further, we showed that fibrocytes, a cell type important......We have investigated the physical, biochemical, and cellular properties of an autologous leukocyte and platelet-rich fibrin patch. This was generated in an automated device from a sample of a patient's blood at the point of care. Using microscopy, cell counting, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...

  4. Examining the effects of platelet-rich plasma and platelet-rich fibrin on autologous full thickness skin graft survival in rats

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    Noorahmad Latifi

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: Graft survival has been considered the major problem in reconstructive surgery. Clinical studies have helped us to understand the role of PRP in increasing skin survival. Our goal in this study was to examine the treatment effects of platelet-rich plasma (PRP and platelet-rich fibrin (PRF on autologous full thickness skin graft survival in male rats. Methods: This experimental study was performed on 36 rats of Sprague-Dawley race with weighing approximately 250 to 300 gr on May 2015 in animal laboratory of Hazrat Fatima Hospital. After anesthesia, rats were divided into 3 groups. We injected platelet-rich plasma (PRP in the first group, platelet-rich fibrin (PRF in the second and saline in the third group after removing the skin. Microscopic analysis was performed with camera (Canon powershot SX200, Tokyo, Japan on days 7, 14, 21 and 28 after surgery. We used image analysis system (ImageJ, ver. 1.45 to examine necrosis and survival rate. Samples were studied with H&E staining on day 28 microscopically for histological analysis of vascular density and angiogenesis. Results: Our findings showed the area of necrosis in animals injected with PRP on days 7 and 14, was meaningfully less than control group (P= 0.0001. There was no meaningful difference between control and PRP groups (P> 0.05. The area of necrosis in animals injected with PRF did not have any significant difference with control group from beginning to 21st day (P< 0.0001. there was no meaningful difference in vascular density between control and PRP group, whereas in animals injected with PRF the vascular density was significantly less than control group (P= 0.002. Conclusion: According to our results in this study, we can conclude that using autologous PRP can enhance the process of healing soft tissue injury and be affective at increasing graft survival. This method is suggested to be conducted for patients highly at risk of graft loss and also for those who are in need of

  5. Effect of topical autologous platelet-rich fibrin versus no intervention on epithelialization of donor sites and meshed split-thickness skin autografts: a randomized clinical trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Danielsen, P.; Jorgensen, B.; Jorgensen, L.N.;

    2008-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Autologous platelet-rich fibrin contains multiple growth factors. The aim of this randomized clinical trial was to study the effect of topical platelet-rich fibrin on epithelialization of donor sites and meshed split-thickness skin autografts. METHODS: Twenty consecutive leg ulcer...... surgically revised leg ulcer were randomized by concealed allocation to platelet-rich fibrin, and the other donor wound and autografted half were not (control). Biopsy specimens (4 mm) from donor wounds were evaluated for percentage neoepidermal coverage in tissue sections immunostained for keratin on days 5...... and 8. Epithelial barrier function, macroscopic healing, microbiology, and pain at dressing removal were assessed. Epithelialization of meshed autografts was assessed macroscopically. RESULTS: Epithelial coverage of donor wounds did not differ significantly between platelet-rich fibrin and control...

  6. Characteristics of an autologous leukocyte and platelet-rich fibrin patch intended for the treatment of recalcitrant wounds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lundquist, Rasmus; Holmstrøm, Kim; Clausen, Christian; Jørgensen, Bo; Karlsmark, Tonny

    2013-01-01

    We have investigated the physical, biochemical, and cellular properties of an autologous leukocyte and platelet-rich fibrin patch. This was generated in an automated device from a sample of a patient's blood at the point of care. Using microscopy, cell counting, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, antibody arrays, and cell culture assays, we show that the patch is a three-layered membrane comprising a fibrin sheet, a layer of platelets, and a layer of leukocytes. Mean recovery of platelets from the donated blood was 98% (±95%CI 0.8%). Mean levels of platelet-derived growth factor AB, human transforming growth factor beta 1, and vascular endothelial growth factor extracted from the patch were determined as 127 ng (±95% CI 20), 92 ng (±95%CI 17), and 1.35 ng (±95%CI 0.37), respectively. We showed a continued release of PDGF-AB over several days, the rate of which was increased by the addition of chronic wound fluid. By comparison with traditional platelet-rich plasma, differences in immune components were found. The relevance of these findings was assessed by showing a mitogenic and migratory effect on cultured human dermal fibroblasts. Further, we showed that fibrocytes, a cell type important for acute wound healing, could be grown from the patch. The relevance of these findings in relation to the use of the patch for treating recalcitrant wounds is discussed.

  7. A pilot study to evaluate the safety and clinical performance of Leucopatch, an autologous, additive-free, platelet-rich fibrin for the treatment of recalcitrant chronic wounds

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Bo; Karlsmark, Tonny; Vogensen, Hanne;

    2011-01-01

    This prospective, uncontrolled pilot study evaluated the safety and clinical performance of Leucopatch an additive-free, autologous platelet-rich fibrin in the treatment of recalcitrant chronic wounds. Fifteen patients, with 16 lower extremity chronic wounds of varying etiologies were treated...

  8. Management of an endo-perio lesion in an immature tooth using autologous platelet-rich fibrin: A case report

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    N B Nagaveni

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Treatment of an endo-perio lesion involving a non-vital young permanent tooth is a highly challenging task to Pediatric Dentists. There is a quest for the newer biological approach to management of these lesions as traditional methods have various disadvantages. Recently, platelet-rich fibrin (PRF, a second-generation platelet concentrate, is rich in growth factors have been used in the periodontal regeneration procedure. The purpose of this paper is to describe the efficacy of PRF in the treatment of a deep intra bony defect associated with an endo-perio lesion in an immature right mandibular first premolar of 12-year-old female patient. A freshly prepared autologous PRF membrane was placed in the bony defect following debridement. Clinical and radiographic follow-up were performed at regular intervals that revealed absence of pain, gain in clinical attachment level, reduction in probing depth, and excellent bone regeneration indicating successful outcome.

  9. Management of an endo-perio lesion in an immature tooth using autologous platelet-rich fibrin: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagaveni, N B; Kumari, K Nandini; Poornima, P; Reddy, V V Subba

    2015-01-01

    Treatment of an endo-perio lesion involving a non-vital young permanent tooth is a highly challenging task to Pediatric Dentists. There is a quest for the newer biological approach to management of these lesions as traditional methods have various disadvantages. Recently, platelet-rich fibrin (PRF), a second-generation platelet concentrate, is rich in growth factors have been used in the periodontal regeneration procedure. The purpose of this paper is to describe the efficacy of PRF in the treatment of a deep intra bony defect associated with an endo-perio lesion in an immature right mandibular first premolar of 12-year-old female patient. A freshly prepared autologous PRF membrane was placed in the bony defect following debridement. Clinical and radiographic follow-up were performed at regular intervals that revealed absence of pain, gain in clinical attachment level, reduction in probing depth, and excellent bone regeneration indicating successful outcome.

  10. Use of an autologous leucocyte and platelet-rich fibrin patch on hard-to-heal DFUs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Löndahl, M; Tarnow, L.; Karlsmark, T;

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Leucopatch is a leukocyte and platelet-rich fibrin patch that provides concentrated blood cells and signal substances to the surface of an ulcer. It is produced by centrifugation of the patient's own venous blood. The aim of this pilot multicentre cohort study was to evaluate effects...

  11. The adjuvant use of stromal vascular fraction and platelet-rich fibrin for autologous adipose tissue transplantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Bin; Tan, Xin-Ying; Liu, Yan-Pu; Xu, Xiao-Fang; Li, Long; Xu, Hai-Yan; An, Ran; Chen, Fa-Ming

    2013-01-01

    Autologous adipose transplantation is rapidly gaining popularity for the restoration of soft tissue defects and lipoatrophy as well as for aesthetic improvements (e.g., facial reconstruction and rejuvenation). However, the current technique is crude that suffers from serious demerits, particularly the long-term unpredictability of volume maintenance due to resorption of the grafted adipose tissue and limited adipogenesis. We hypothesized that the adjuvant use of patient-derived adipose stromal vascular fraction (SVF) and platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) may enhance the overall outcome of autologous fat grafting in plastic and reconstructive surgery. Autologous SVF, with a mean cell number of (4.8±3.79)×10⁷ cells/mL and a mean cell viability of 71.8%, and autologous PRF, with sustained release of multiple angiogenic growth factors, were created before surgical use. The following adipose tissue implants were injected subcutaneously into a rabbit ear's auricula according to the following study design: 2 mL adipose granules and 0.2 mL normal saline solution (AG+NS group), 2 mL adipose granules and 0.2 mL SVF (AG+SVF group), 2 mL adipose granules and 0.2 mL PRF (AG+PRF group), or 2 mL adipose granules combined with 0.1 mL SVF and 0.1 mL PRF (AG+SVF+PRF group). Histological examinations showed that the implanted adipose granules were well engrafted in the AG+SVF+PRF group, with a higher microvessel density 4 weeks postimplantation compared with the other three groups (p<0.01). Twenty-four weeks postimplantation, the resorption rates of implanted tissue in each group were 49.39%±9.47%, 27.25%±4.37%, 36.41%±8.47%, and 17.37%±6.22%, respectively, and were significantly different (p<0.01). The results demonstrated that the efficacy of adipose tissue implantation can be enhanced by using autologous PRF and SVF as therapeutic adjuvants, offering a clinically translatable strategy for soft tissue augmentation and reconstruction.

  12. A pilot study to evaluate the safety and clinical performance of Leucopatch, an autologous, additive-free, platelet-rich fibrin for the treatment of recalcitrant chronic wounds

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Bo; Karlsmark, Tonny; Vogensen, Hanne;

    2011-01-01

    This prospective, uncontrolled pilot study evaluated the safety and clinical performance of Leucopatch an additive-free, autologous platelet-rich fibrin in the treatment of recalcitrant chronic wounds. Fifteen patients, with 16 lower extremity chronic wounds of varying etiologies were treated...... events. Two adverse events, one of noncompliance and one infection, were observed; neither was considered to be related to treatment. The results indicate that Leucopatch is easy to prepare and apply in the clinic, is safe, and may be a clinically effective treatment of recalcitrant chronic wounds....

  13. Enzymatically induced mineralization of platelet-rich fibrin.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Douglas, T.E.L.; Gassling, V.; Declercq, H.A.; Purcz, N.; Pamula, E.; Haugen, H.J.; Chasan, S.; Mulder, E.L.W. de; Jansen, J.A.; Leeuwenburgh, S.C.G.

    2012-01-01

    Membranes of the autologous blood-derived biomaterial platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) were functionalized by incorporation of alkaline phosphatase (ALP), an enzyme involved in mineralization of bone, and subsequently incubated in calcium glycerophosphate (CaGP) solution to induce PRFs mineralization with

  14. Platelet-rich fibrin: the benefits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Yuvika Raj; Mohanty, Sujata; Verma, Mahesh; Kaur, Raunaq Reet; Bhatia, Priyanka; Kumar, Varun Raj; Chaudhary, Zainab

    2016-01-01

    Current published data presents confusing results about the effects of platelet-rich fibrin on bone, and there is a need for studies that throw light on its effect. Our main objective therefore was to evaluate (by fractal analysis) osseous regeneration in extraction sockets with and without platelet-rich fibrin in a study with a substantial sample and a reliable technique to calibrate its effects on bone cells. We also assessed the soft tissue response. Thirty-four patients had their bilaterally impacted third molars (68 surgical sites) extracted in this split-mouth study, following which platelet-rich fibrin was placed in one of the sockets. Patients were followed up clinically and radiographically, and a pain score and fractal analysis were used to evaluate healing of soft tissue and bone, respectively. We conclude that platelet-rich fibrin improves healing of both soft and hard tissues. Although osseous healing did not differ significantly between the groups, healing of soft tissue as judged by the pain score was significantly better in the experimental group.

  15. Platelet rich fibrin in jaw defects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nica, Diana; Ianes, Emilia; Pricop, Marius

    2016-03-01

    Platelet rich fibrin (PRF) is a tissue product of autologous origin abundant in growth factors, widely used in regenerative procedures. Aim of the study: Evaluation of the regenerative effect of PRF added in the bony defects (after tooth removal or after cystectomy) Material and methods: The comparative nonrandomized study included 22 patients divided into 2 groups. The first group (the test group) included 10 patients where the bony defects were treated without any harvesting material. The second group included 12 patients where the bony defects were filled with PRF. The bony defect design was not critical, with one to two walls missing. After the surgeries, a close clinically monitoring was carried out. The selected cases were investigated using both cone beam computer tomography (CBCT) and radiographic techniques after 10 weeks postoperatively. Results: Faster bone regeneration was observed in the bony defects filled with PRF comparing with the not grafted bony defects. Conclusions: PRF added in the bony defects accelerates the bone regeneration. This simplifies the surgical procedures and decreases the economic costs.

  16. Characterization of Leukocyte-platelet Rich Fibrin, A Novel Biomaterial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madurantakam, Parthasarathy; Yoganarasimha, Suyog; Hasan, Fadi K

    2015-09-29

    Autologous platelet concentrates represent promising innovative tools in the field of regenerative medicine and have been extensively used in oral surgery. Unlike platelet rich plasma (PRP) that is a gel or a suspension, Leukocyte-Platelet Rich Fibrin (L-PRF) is a solid 3D fibrin membrane generated chair-side from whole blood containing no anti-coagulant. The membrane has a dense three dimensional fibrin matrix with enriched platelets and abundant growth factors. L-PRF is a popular adjunct in surgeries because of its superior handling characteristics as well as its suturability to the wound bed. The goal of the study is to demonstrate generation as well as provide detailed characterization of relevant properties of L-PRF that underlie its clinical success.

  17. Platelet-rich fibrin versus albumin in surgical wound repair: a randomized trial with paired design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Danielsen, Patricia L; Ågren, Sven Per Magnus; Jørgensen, Lars Nannestad

    2010-01-01

    To study the effects of autologous platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) versus human albumin on incisional wound breaking strength and subcutaneous collagen deposition in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy in a randomized trial....

  18. Platelet-rich fibrin versus albumin in surgical wound repair: a randomized trial with paired design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Danielsen, Patricia L; Ågren, Sven Per Magnus; Jørgensen, Lars Nannestad

    2010-01-01

    To study the effects of autologous platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) versus human albumin on incisional wound breaking strength and subcutaneous collagen deposition in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy in a randomized trial.......To study the effects of autologous platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) versus human albumin on incisional wound breaking strength and subcutaneous collagen deposition in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy in a randomized trial....

  19. A Novel Approach for Treatment of an Unusual Presentation of Radicular Cysts Using Autologous Periosteum and Platelet-Rich Fibrin in Combination with Demineralized Freeze-Dried Bone Allograft

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Veena A. Patil

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Radicular cysts are the most common cystic lesions affecting the jaws. They are most commonly found at the apices of the involved teeth. This condition is usually asymptomatic but can result in a slow-growth tumefaction in the affected region. The following case report presents the successful treatment of radicular cysts using autologous periosteum and platelet-rich fibrin with demineralized freeze-dried bone allograft.

  20. PLATELET RICH FIBRIN: A PROMISING INNOVATION IN REGENERATIVE THERAPY

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    Arun

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Platelets can play a crucial role in regenerative therapy as they are reservoirs of growth factors and cytokines which are the key factors for regeneration of the bone and maturation of the soft tissue. Platelet - rich fibr in (PRF was first described by Choukroun et al. in France. It has been referred to as a second - generation platelet concentrate, which has been shown to have several advantages over traditionally prepared PRP. Platelet - rich fibrin (PRF is autologous plate let concentrates prepared from patient’s own blood. It is a natural fibrin - based biomaterial prepared from an anticoagulant - free blood harvest without any artificial biochemical modification that allows obtaining fibrin membranes enriched with platelets a nd growth factors. Evidence from the literature suggests the potential role of PRF in regeneration and tissue engineering. The slow polymerisation during centrifugation and fibrin - based structure makes PRF a better healing biomaterial than PRP and other fi brin adhesives. The purpose of this review article is to describe the novel second - generation platelet concentrate PRF, which is an improvement over the traditionally prepared PRP for use in regenerative dentistry.

  1. Bioactivity and stability of endogenous fibrogenic factors in platelet-rich fibrin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lundquist, R.; Dziegiel, M.H.; Agren, M.S.

    2008-01-01

    Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) is an autologous fibrin sealant (FS) enriched with a platelet concentrate (> 1,000,000 platelets/microL) produced by the automated Vivostat system and used to enhance wound healing. The effects of PRF were compared with supernatant from thrombin-activated platelet...

  2. Revascularization of Immature Necrotic Teeth: Platelet rich Fibrin an Edge over Platelet rich Plasma

    OpenAIRE

    Neelam Mittal; Isha Narang

    2012-01-01

    Introduction: Revascularization is one such entity that has found its clinical application in the field of endodontics for the manage-ment of immature permanent necrotic teeth. The protocols for revascularization of such teeth focus especially on delivery of stem cells and scaffolds in a nonsurgical manner rather than concentrated growth micro molecules.The hypothesis: This article proposes the role of platelet concentrates such as platelet rich fibrin (PRF) and platelet rich plasma (PRP) in ...

  3. Platelet-rich fibrin matrix for facial plastic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sclafani, Anthony P; Saman, Masoud

    2012-05-01

    Platelets are known primarily for their role in hemostasis, but there is increasing interest in the effect of platelets on wound healing. Platelet isolates such as platelet-rich plasma have been advocated to enhance and accelerate wound healing. This article describes the use of a novel preparation, platelet-rich fibrin matrix (PRFM), for facial plastic surgery applications such as volume augmentation, fat transfer supplementation, and as an adjunct to open surgical procedures.

  4. Clinical evaluation of autologous platelet-rich fibrin in the treatment of multiple adjacent gingival recession defects: a 12-month study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tunalι, Mustafa; Özdemir, Hakan; Arabacι, Taner; Gürbüzer, Bahadir; Pikdöken, Levent; Firatli, Erhan

    2015-01-01

    Leukocyte- and platelet-rich fibrin (L-PRF) belongs to a new generation of platelet concentrates. There are limited numbers of studies focused on the use of L-PRF in gingival recession defects. This study evaluated the safety and effectiveness of using L-PRF membranes as a substitute for free connective tissue grafts (CTGs) as a treatment method for gingival recession defects. A total of 44 Miller Class I/II gingival recessions that were bilateral, adjacent, and greater than 3 mm in size were selected. Each recession site was randomly assigned to the test group (L-PRF) or the control group (CTG). After 12 months, root coverage was 76.63% and 77.36% in the L-PRF and CTG groups, respectively. It is suggested that L-PRF membrane may be an alternative graft material for treating multiple adjacent recessions greater than 3 mm in size without a requirement for additional surgery.

  5. Platelet rich fibrin and xenograft in treatment of intrabony defect

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    Saurav Panda

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available For complete periodontal regeneration, delivery of growth factors in the local environment holds a great deal in adjunct to bone grafts. Platelet rich fibrin (PRF is considered as second generation platelet concentrate, consisting of viable platelets, releasing various growth factors such as platelet-derived growth factor, vascular endothelial growth factor, transforming growth factor, insulin-like growth factor, epidermal growth factor and basic fibroblast growth factor. Hence, this case report aims to investigate the clinical and radiological (bone fill effectiveness of autologous PRF along with the use of xenogenic bone mineral in the treatment of intra bony defects. Intrabony defect was treated with autologous PRF along with the use of xenogenic bone mineral. A decrease in probing pocket depth, gain in clinical attachment level and significant bone fill was observed at end of 6 months. The result obtained with the use of PRF may be attributed to the sustained and simultaneous release of various growth factors over a period of 7 days. In this case report, the positive clinical impact of additional application of PRF with xenogenic graft material in the treatment of periodontal intrabony defect was seen.

  6. Simultaneous sinus lift and implantation using platelet-rich fibrin as sole grafting material.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeong, Seung-Mi; Lee, Chun-Ui; Son, Jeong-Seog; Oh, Ji-Hyeon; Fang, Yiqin; Choi, Byung-Ho

    2014-09-01

    Recently, several authors have shown that simultaneous sinus lift and implantation using autologous platelet-rich fibrin as the sole filling material is a reliable procedure promoting bone augmentation in the maxillary sinus. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of simultaneous sinus lift and implantation using platelet-rich fibrin as the sole grafting material on bone formation in a canine sinus model. An implant was placed after sinus membrane elevation in the maxillary sinus of six adult female mongrel dogs. The resulting space between the membrane and sinus floor was filled with autologous platelet-rich fibrin retrieved from each dog. The implants were left in place for six months. Bone tissue was seen at the lower part of the implants introduced into the sinus cavity. The height of the newly formed bone around the implants ranged from 0 mm to 4.9 mm (mean; 2.6 ± 2.0 mm) on the buccal side and from 0 mm to 4.2 mm (mean; 1.3 ± 1.8 mm) on the palatal side. The findings from this study suggest that simultaneous sinus lift and implantation using platelet-rich fibrin as sole grafting material is not a predictable and reproducible procedure, especially with respect to the bone formation around the implants in the sinus cavity.

  7. Platelet-rich fibrin: Evolution of a second-generation platelet concentrate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sunitha Raja V

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Platelet-rich plasma (PRP is a platelet concentrate that has been used widely to accelerate soft-tissue and hard-tissue healing. The preparation of PRP has been described by several authors. Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF was first described by Choukroun et al. in France. It has been referred to as a second-generation platelet concentrate, which has been shown to have several advantages over traditionally prepared PRP. Its chief advantages include ease of preparation and lack of biochemical handling of blood, which makes this preparation strictly autologous. This article describes the evolution of this novel platelet concentrate, referred to as PRF.

  8. One-step apexification using platelet rich fibrin matrix and mineral trioxide aggregate apical barrier

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    Anisha Kumar

    2014-01-01

    In one-step apexification using MTA, the technical problem encountered is controlling the overfill or underfill of MTA. The use of a matrix material helps to overcome this shortcoming. Platelet rich fibrin (PRF is an immune platelet concentrate, which can be used as a matrix, it also promotes wound healing and repair. This case report presents a case of one step apexification using MTA as an apical barrier and autologous PRF as an internal matrix.

  9. Platelet-rich-fibrin: A novel root coverage approach

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    Anilkumar K

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Treatment of gingival recession has become an important therapeutic issue due to increasing cosmetic demand. Multiple surgical procedures have been developed to obtain predictable esthetic root coverage. More specifically, after periodontal regenerative surgery, the aim is to achieve complete wound healing and regeneration of the periodontal unit. A recent innovation in dentistry is the preparation and use of platelet-rich plasma (PRP, a concentrated suspension of the growth factors, found in platelets. These growth factors are involved in wound healing and postulated as promoters of tissue regeneration. This paper reports the use of PRF membrane for root coverage on the labial surfaces of the mandibular anterior teeth. This was accomplished using laterally displaced flap technique with platelet rich fibrin (PRF membrane at the recipient site.

  10. Revascularization of Immature Necrotic Teeth: Platelet rich Fibrin an Edge over Platelet rich Plasma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neelam Mittal

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Revascularization is one such entity that has found its clinical application in the field of endodontics for the manage-ment of immature permanent necrotic teeth. The protocols for revascularization of such teeth focus especially on delivery of stem cells and scaffolds in a nonsurgical manner rather than concentrated growth micro molecules.The hypothesis: This article proposes the role of platelet concentrates such as platelet rich fibrin (PRF and platelet rich plasma (PRP in accelerating the regenerative process in such teeth. PRF unlike PRP is associated with slow, continuous and substantial re-lease of morphogens. It is hypothesized further if PRF instead of PRP when placed through immature apices in an orthograde manner can open newer gates for fast and controlled growth in young, ne-crotic, non-infected teeth.Evaluation of the hypothesis: Enhancement of the healing kinetics can be evaluated by change in size of periapical radiolucency, thickness of the dentinal walls, root elongation and apical closure compared between preoperative and postoperative standardized two dimensional/three dimensional radiographs taken on regular follow ups.

  11. Platelet rich fibrin: a new paradigm in periodontal regeneration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, R Vinaya; Shubhashini, N

    2013-09-01

    Among the great challenges facing clinical research is the development of bioactive surgical additives regulating inflammation and increasing healing. Although the use of fibrin adhesives and platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is well documented, they have their own limitations. Hence, reconstructive dental surgeons are looking for an "edge" that jump starts the healing process to maximize predictability as well as the volume of regenerated bone. Overcoming the restrictions related to the reimplantation of blood-derived products, a new family of platelet concentrate, which is neither a fibrin glue nor a classical platelet concentrate, was developed in France. This second generation platelet concentrate called platelet-rich fibrin (PRF), has been widely used to accelerate soft and hard tissue healing. Its advantages over the better known PRP include ease of preparation/application, minimal expense, and lack of biochemical modification (no bovine thrombin or anticoagulant is required). This article serves as an introduction to the PRF "concept" and its potential clinical applications with emphasis on periodontal regeneration.

  12. Platelet-rich fibrin application in dentistry: a literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borie, Eduardo; Oliví, Daniel García; Orsi, Iara Augusta; Garlet, Katia; Weber, Benjamín; Beltrán, Víctor; Fuentes, Ramón

    2015-01-01

    The development of bioactive surgical additives to regulate the inflammation and increase the speed of healing process is one of the great challenges in clinical research. In this sense, platelet rich fibrin (PRF) appears as a natural and satisfactory alternative with favorable results and low risks. The following review attempts to summarize the relevant literature regarding the technique of using PRF, focusing on its preparation, advantages, and disadvantages of using it in clinical applications. PRF alone or in combination with other biomaterials seems to have several advantages and indications both for medicine and dentistry, due it is a minimally invasive technique with low risks and satisfactory clinical results.

  13. Revitalization of traumatized immature tooth with platelet-rich fibrin

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    Umrana Faizuddin

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Endodontic treatment options for immature, nonvital teeth conventionally include surgical endodontics, apexification with calcium hydroxide, or single visit mineral trioxide aggregate plug. Regeneration is a new concept which is been introduced in the treatment of traumatized open apex tooth. Regeneration of pulp-dentin complex in an infected necrotic tooth with an open apex is possible if the canal is effectively disinfected. The purpose of this case report is to add a new vista in regenerative, endodontic therapy by using platelet-rich fibrin for revitalization of immature nonvital tooth.

  14. Platelet-rich fibrin is a Bioscaffold and reservoir of growth factors for tissue regeneration.

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    Kang, Young-Ho; Jeon, Soung Hoo; Park, Joo-Young; Chung, Jong-Hoon; Choung, Yun-Hoon; Choung, Han-Wool; Kim, Eun-Suk; Choung, Pill-Hoon

    2011-02-01

    The platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) is known as a rich source of autologous cytokines and growth factors and universally used for tissue regeneration in current clinical medicine. However, the microstructure of PRF has not been fully investigated nor have been studied the key molecules that differ PRF from platelet-rich plasma. We fabricated PRF under Choukroun's protocol and produced its extract (PRFe) by freezing at -80°C. The conventional histological, immunohistological staining, and scanning electron microscopy images showed the microstructure of PRF, appearing as two zones, the zone of platelets and the zone of fibrin, which resembled a mesh containing blood cells. The PRFe increased proliferation, migration, and promoted differentiation of the human alveolar bone marrow stem cells (hABMSCs) at 0.5% concentration in vitro. From the results of proteome array, matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9) and Serpin E1 were detected especially in PRFe but not in concentrated platelet-rich plasma. Simultaneous elevation of MMP9, CD44, and transforming growth factor β-1 receptor was shown at 0.5% PRFe treatment to the hABMSC in immunoblot. Mineralization assay showed that MMP9 directly regulated mineralization differentiation of hABMSC. Transplantation of the fresh PRF into the mouse calvarias enhanced regeneration of the critical-sized defect. Our results strongly support the new characteristics of PRF as a bioscaffold and reservoir of growth factors for tissue regeneration.

  15. Effect of Platelet Rich Plasma and Platelet Rich Fibrin on sciatic nerve regeneration in a rat model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lichtenfels, Martina; Colomé, Lucas; Sebben, Alessandra Deise; Braga-Silva, Jefferson

    2013-07-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) and Platelet Rich Fibrin (PRF) on peripheral nerve repair. Thirty-two Wistar rats were randomly divided into four equal treatments groups: autologous nerve grafts (ANG), silicon tube plus saline solution (SS), silicon tube plus PRP, and silicon tube plus PRF. In ANG group, 10 mm segment from sciatic nerve was excised and reimplanted between the nerve stumps. In the SS, PRP, and PRF groups, 5 mm segment from sciatic nerve was excised and bridged with a 12 mm silicone conduit to create a 10 mm nerve gap. The conduit was filled in accordance with the different treatments. Walking track analysis was performed periodically and on the 90th post-operative day histomorphometric analysis was performed. The ANG, PRF, and PRP groups presented a significant functional improvement in relation to the SS group (P = 0.001) on 90 days after surgery. Histomorphometric analysis demonstrated that the ANG group achieved a larger nerve fiber diameter in proximal stump while comparing with the SS group (P =0.037) and showed larger fiber diameter in median stump in comparison to the PRP group (P = 0.002) and PRF group (P = 0.001). Axonal diameter and myelin sheath thickness showed no statistical significant difference between the groups in the three stumps (P ≥ 0.05). This study suggests that PRP and PRF have positive effects on the functional nerve recovery; however, these groups don't achieve a significant improvement on the histomorphometric analysis.

  16. Obtention of injectable platelets rich-fibrin (i-PRF) and its polymerization with bone graft: technical note.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mourão, Carlos Fernando de Almeida Barros; Valiense, Helder; Melo, Elias Rodrigues; Mourão, Natália Belmock Mascarenhas Freitas; Maia, Mônica Diuana-Calasans

    2015-01-01

    The use of autologous platelet concentrates, represent a promising and innovator tools in the medicine and dentistry today. The goal is to accelerate hard and soft tissue healing. Among them, the platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is the main alternative for use in liquid form (injectable). These injectable form of platelet concentrates are often used in regenerative procedures and demonstrate good results. The aim of this study is to present an alternative to these platelet concentrates using the platelet-rich fibrin in liquid form (injectable) and its use with particulated bone graft materials in the polymerized form.

  17. Obtention of injectable platelets rich-fibrin (i-PRF and its polymerization with bone graft: technical note

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Fernando de Almeida Barros Mourão

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The use of autologous platelet concentrates, represent a promising and innovator tools in the medicine and dentistry today. The goal is to accelerate hard and soft tissue healing. Among them, the platelet-rich plasma (PRP is the main alternative for use in liquid form (injectable. These injectable form ofplatelet concentrates are often used in regenerative procedures and demonstrate good results. The aim of this study is to present an alternative to these platelet concentrates using the platelet-rich fibrin in liquid form (injectable and its use with particulated bone graft materials in the polymerized form.

  18. A recently developed bifacial platelet-rich fibrin matrix

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E Lucarelli

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Platelet-rich plasma (PRP is used clinically in liquid or gel form to promote tissue repair. Because of the poor mechanical properties, conventional PRP is often difficult to handle when used in clinical settings and requires secure implantation in a specific site, otherwise when released growth factors could be washed out during an operation. In this study, we analyzed the end product of a recently developed commercially available system (FIBRINET®, which is a dense pliable, platelet-rich fibrin matrix (PRFM. We characterized the mechanical properties of PRFM and tested whether PRFM releases growth factors and whether released factors induce the proliferation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC. Mechanical properties as well as platelet distribution were evaluated in PRFM. PRFM demonstrated robust mechanical properties, with a tear elastic modulus of 937.3 + 314.6 kPa, stress at a break of 1476.0 + 526.3 kPa, and an elongation at break of 146.3 + 33.8 %. PRFM maintained its mechanical properties throughout the testing process. Microscopic observations showed that the platelets were localized on one side of the matrix. Elevated levels of PDGF-AA, PDGF-AB, EGF, VEGF, bFGF and TGF-β1 were measured in the day 1-conditioned media (CM of PRFM and growth factor levels decreased thereafter. BMP2 and BMP7 were not detectable. MSC culture media supplemented with 20% PRFM-CM stimulated MSC cell proliferation; at 24 and 48 hours the induction of the proliferation was significantly greater than the induction obtained with media supplemented with 20% foetal bovine serum. The present study shows that the production of a dense, physically robust PRFM made through high-speed centrifugation of intact platelets and fibrin in the absence of exogenous thrombin yields a potential tool for accelerating tissue repair.

  19. A recently developed bifacial platelet-rich fibrin matrix.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lucarelli, E; Beretta, R; Dozza, B; Tazzari, P L; O'Connel, S M; Ricci, F; Pierini, M; Squarzoni, S; Pagliaro, P P; Oprita, E I; Donati, D

    2010-07-01

    Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is used clinically in liquid or gel form to promote tissue repair. Because of the poor mechanical properties, conventional PRP is often difficult to handle when used in clinical settings and requires secure implantation in a specific site, otherwise when released growth factors could be washed out during an operation. In this study, we analyzed the end product of a recently developed commercially available system (FIBRINET), which is a dense pliable, platelet-rich fibrin matrix (PRFM). We characterized the mechanical properties of PRFM and tested whether PRFM releases growth factors and whether released factors induce the proliferation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC). Mechanical properties as well as platelet distribution were evaluated in PRFM. PRFM demonstrated robust mechanical properties, with a tear elastic modulus of 937.3 +/- 314.6 kPa, stress at a break of 1476.0 +/- 526.3 kPa, and an elongation at break of 146.3 +/- 33.8 %. PRFM maintained its mechanical properties throughout the testing process. Microscopic observations showed that the platelets were localized on one side of the matrix. Elevated levels of PDGF-AA, PDGF-AB, EGF, VEGF, bFGF and TGF-beta1 were measured in the day 1-conditioned media (CM) of PRFM and growth factor levels decreased thereafter. BMP2 and BMP7 were not detectable. MSC culture media supplemented with 20% PRFM-CM stimulated MSC cell proliferation; at 24 and 48 hours the induction of the proliferation was significantly greater than the induction obtained with media supplemented with 20% foetal bovine serum. The present study shows that the production of a dense, physically robust PRFM made through high-speed centrifugation of intact platelets and fibrin in the absence of exogenous thrombin yields a potential tool for accelerating tissue repair.

  20. 自体富血小板纤维蛋白用于延迟牙再植1例%Using platelet-rich fibrin as an autologous media for delayed teeth replantation:a cases report

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王伟; 黄超; 刘艳丽; 赵寅华; 张旻; 陈永进

    2016-01-01

    PRF ( platelet rich fibrin) is a kind of second generation platelet concentrate with a three dimensional reticular structure which can regulate inflammation, accelerate tissue healing, and release a variety of growth factors slowly and continuously. However, no clinical study has used PRF for the treatment of avulsed tooth. In this study, a delayed and dry-reserved avulsion tooth was replanted with autologous PRF. 12-month follow-up showed that the tooth recovered well, the peridental membrane was healed, no root resorption occurred, and the height of alveolar bone was restored.%富血小板纤维蛋白( PRF)是一种立体三维网状结构的第二代血小板浓缩物,它能够调节炎症,促进组织愈合。并且能够缓慢持续释放多种生长因子。大量文献报道PRF可以促进口腔软硬组织的愈合,但尚未将其应用于临床牙再植的治疗中。本文联合自体PRF颗粒对1例撕脱2 h且干燥保存的离体牙进行延迟再植、复位固定及后续牙髓治疗。随访1年,脱位牙恢复良好,达到牙周膜性愈合,没有出现牙根吸收,且牙槽骨高度得到恢复。

  1. Bioactivity and stability of endogenous fibrogenic factors in platelet-rich fibrin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lundquist, Rasmus; Dziegiel, Morten H; Agren, Magnus S

    2008-01-01

    Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) is an autologous fibrin sealant (FS) enriched with a platelet concentrate (> 1,000,000 platelets/microL) produced by the automated Vivostat system and used to enhance wound healing. The effects of PRF were compared with supernatant from thrombin-activated platelet...... concentrate, recombinant human platelet-derived growth factor (rhPDGF) isoforms, and a homologous FS in cultured normal human dermal fibroblasts. Also, the release of selected endogenous growth factors from PRF and their stability against proteolytic degradation were studied. The proliferative effect of PRF...... exceeded that of FS and rhPDGF-BB, although it was lower than thrombin-activated platelet concentrate possibly due to sustained growth factor release from platelets in PRF. Anti-PDGF antibody blocked the mitogenic effect of rhPDGF-BB but not that of PRF in growth-arrested fibroblasts. PRF promoted...

  2. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and Platelet-Rich Fibrin (PRF): surgical adjuvants, preparations for in situ regenerative medicine and tools for tissue engineering.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bielecki, Tomasz; Dohan Ehrenfest, David M

    2012-06-01

    The recent developement of platelet concentrate for surgical use is an evolution of the fibrin glue technologies used since many years. The initial concept of these autologous preparations was to concentrate platelets and their growth factors in a plasma solution, and to activate it into a fibrin gel on a surgical site, in order to improve local healing. These platelet suspensions were often called Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) like the platelet concentrate used in transfusion medicine, but many different technologies have in fact been developed; some of them are even no more platelet suspensions, but solid fibrin-based biomaterials called Platelet-Rich Fibrin (PRF). These various technologies were tested in many different clinical fields, particularly oral and maxillofacial surgery, Ear-Nose-Throat surgery, plastic surgery, orthopaedic surgery, sports medicine, gynecologic and cardiovascular surgery and ophthalmology. This field of research unfortunately suffers from the lack of a proper accurate terminology and the associated misunderstandings, and the literature on the topic is quite contradictory. Indeed, the effects of these preparations cannot be limited to their growth factor content: these products associate many actors of healing in synergy, such as leukocytes, fibrin matrix, and circulating progenitor cells, and are in fact as complex as blood itself. If platelet concentrates were first used as surgical adjuvants for the stimulation of healing (as fibrin glues enriched with growth factors), many applications for in situ regenerative medicine and tissue engineering were developed and offer a great potential. However, the future of this field is first dependent on his coherence and scientific clarity. The objectives of this article is to introduce the main definitions, problematics and perspectives that are described in this special issue of Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology about platelet concentrates.

  3. Platelet rich fibrin matrix effects on skeletal muscle lesions: an experimental study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gigante, A; Del Torto, M; Manzotti, S; Cianforlini, M; Busilacchi, A; Davidson, P A; Greco, F; Mattioli-Belmonte, M

    2012-01-01

    Even though muscle injuries are very common, few scientific data on their effective treatment exist. Growth Factors (GFs) may have a role in accelerating muscle repair processes and a currently available strategy for their delivery into the lesion site is the use of autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP). The present study is focused on the use of Platelet Rich Fibrin Matrix (PRFM), as a source of GFs. Bilateral muscular lesions were created on the longissimus dorsi muscle of Wistar rats. One side of the lesion was filled with a PRFM while the contralateral was left untreated (controls). Animals were sacrificed at 5, 10, 40 and 60 days from surgery. Histological, immunohistochemical and histomorphometric analyses were performed to evaluate muscle regeneration, neovascularization, fibrosis and inflammation. The presence of metaplasia zones, calcifications and heterotopic ossification were also assessed. PRFM treated muscles exhibited an improved muscular regeneration, an increase in neovascularization, and a slight reduction of fibrosis compared with controls. No differences were detected for inflammation. Metaplasia, ossification and heterotopic calcification were not detected. This preliminary morphological experimental study shows that PRFM use can improve muscle regeneration and long-term vascularization. Since autologous blood products are safe, PRFM may be a useful and handy product in clinical treatment of muscle injuries.

  4. Role of platelet-rich-fibrin in enhancing palatal wound healing after free graft

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Platelet-rich fibrin has long been used as a wound healing therapy in skin wounds and recently evidence has suggested its usage in oral cavity for different treatment procedures. This article proposes an overview of use of platelet-rich fibrin in management of complicated oral wounds. Excessive hemorrhage of the donor area, necrosis of epithelium, and morbidity associated with donor site have been described as the possible complications after harvesting subepithelial connective tissue graft, ...

  5. Fibrin network architectures in pure platelet-rich plasma as characterized by fiber radius and correlated with clotting time.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perez, Amanda G M; Rodrigues, Ana A; Luzo, Angela C M; Lana, José F S D; Belangero, William D; Santana, Maria H A

    2014-08-01

    Fibrin networks are obtained through activation of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) for use in tissue regeneration. The importance of fibrin networks relies on mediation of release of growth factors, proliferation of tissue cells and rheological properties of the fibrin gels. Activation of PRP usually involves the decomposition of fibrinogen by agonists, in a wide range of concentrations. Therefore fibrin networks with a large structural diversity are formed, making comparative evaluations difficult. In order to standardize the fibrin networks, we used the statistical techniques central composite rotatable design and response-surface analysis, to correlate the radius of the fibers with the ratios between the agonists (autologous serum/calcium chloride) and agonist/PRP. From an individual and interactive analysis of the variables, architectures characterized by thick, medium and thin fibers were delineated on the response-surface. Furthermore, the architectures were correlated with coagulation time. This approach is valuable for standardizing the PRP preparation for clinical applications.

  6. Role of platelet-rich-fibrin in enhancing palatal wound healing after free graft

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vinita Jain

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Platelet-rich fibrin has long been used as a wound healing therapy in skin wounds and recently evidence has suggested its usage in oral cavity for different treatment procedures. This article proposes an overview of use of platelet-rich fibrin in management of complicated oral wounds. Excessive hemorrhage of the donor area, necrosis of epithelium, and morbidity associated with donor site have been described as the possible complications after harvesting subepithelial connective tissue graft, but little has been mentioned about their management. The article includes a case report of a 45-year-old male patient who showed a delayed wound healing after subepithelial connective tissue graft harvestation, which was treated with platelet-rich fibrin.

  7. [The use of platelet concentrates: platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) in bone reconstruction prior to dental implant surgery].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baeyens, W; Glineur, R; Evrard, L

    2010-01-01

    The autologous platelet concentrates--Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) and Platelet-Rich Fibrin (PRF)--are used in various medical fields, particularly in oral and maxillofacial surgery. These concentrates contain high levels of growth factors, including the 3 isomers of PDGF (platelet-derived growth factor), 2 of the numerous transforming growth factors (TGF-beta), the insulinlike growth factor (IGF), the epithelial growth factor (EGF) and the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), which are the key elements in wound healing, particularly in bone regeneration. Platelet concentrates are easy to apply in clinical practice and offer potential benefits including rapid wound healing and bone regeneration, and can therefore be considered to be new therapeutic adjuvants. In dental implant surgery they are used in bone reconstruction prior or concomitant to implant procedures, and also for dental extraction socket preservation. Their use result in enhanced bone graft density and maturation. A literature review on the use of PRP/PRF in maxillofacial and dental implant surgery is proposed.

  8. Local administration of autologous platelet-rich plasma in a female patient with skin ulcer defect

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S M Noskov

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper describes a clinical observation of the efficiency of local therapy with autologous platelet-rich plasma for .skin ulcer defect in a female with chronic lymphocytic leukemia

  9. Growth factor and proteinase profile of Vivostat® platelet-rich fibrin linked to tissue repair

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ågren, Sven Per Magnus; Rasmussen, Karina; Pakkenberg, Bente

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Autologous platelet-rich fibrin (PRF(®)) is prepared by the automatic Vivostat(®) system. Conflicting results with Vivostat PRF in acute wound healing prompted us to examine its cellular and biomolecular composition. Specifically, platelets, selected growth factors...... and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 were quantified using novel analytical methods. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten healthy non-thrombocytopenic volunteers donated blood for generation of intermediate fibrin-I and final PRF. Anticoagulated whole blood and serum procured in parallel served as baseline controls....... Leucocyte, erythrocyte and platelet counts in whole blood and fibrin-I were determined by automated haematology analyser. Platelet concentration in PRF was quantified manually by stereologic analysis of Giemsa-stained tissue sections, and the total content of five growth factors and MMP-9 by enzyme...

  10. Application of platelet-rich plasma and platelet-rich fibrin in fat grafting: basic science and literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liao, Han-Tsung; Marra, Kacey G; Rubin, J Peter

    2014-08-01

    Due to the natural properties of fat, fat grafting remains a popular procedure for soft tissue volume augmentation and reconstruction. However, clinical outcome varies and is technique dependent. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) contains α-granules, from which multiple growth factors such as platelet-derived growth factor, transforming growth factor-β, vascular endothelial growth factor, and epidermal growth factor can be released after activation. In recent years, the scope of PRP therapies has extended from bone regeneration, wound healing, and healing of musculoskeletal injuries, to enhancement of fat graft survival. In this review, we focus on the definition of PRP, the different PRP preparation and activation methods, and growth factor concentrations. In addition, we discuss possible mechanisms for the role of PRP in fat grafting by reviewing in vitro studies with adipose-derived stem cells, preadipocytes, and adipocytes, and preclinical and clinical research. We also review platelet-rich fibrin, a so-called second generation PRP, and its slow-releasing biology and effects on fat grafts compared to PRP in both animal and clinical research. Finally, we provide a general foundation on which to critically evaluate earlier studies, discuss the limitations of previous research, and direct plans for future experiments to improve the optimal effects of PRP in fat grafting.

  11. Treatment of experimental furcation perforations with mineral trioxide aggregate, platelet rich plasma or platelet rich fibrin in dogs' teeth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tawfik, Hosam E; Abu-Seida, Ashraf M; Hashem, Ahmed A; El-Khawlani, Mohammed M

    2016-06-01

    This work evaluates the effect of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), platelet rich plasma (PRP) or platelet rich fibrin (PRF) on healing of non-contaminated and contaminated furcation perforations. A total of 192 teeth of 12 dogs was divided into three equal groups according to evaluation period. Each group was further subdivided into MTA, PRP, PRF, negative and positive control subgroups. Each experimental subgroup was further subdivided according to perforation status into non-contaminated and contaminated subdivisions. Root canal therapy was carried out and furcation perforation was made in all teeth except in negative control subgroup. The furcation perforation was repaired immediately in subdivision (1) and after 4 weeks in subdivision (2). The change in vertical bone loss was measured by radiography. Inflammatory cell count, cemental deposition, new bone formation, bone resorption and epithelial proliferation were assessed. Both PRP and PRF demonstrated statistically significant reduction in vertical bone loss and inflammatory cell count than MTA. No significant difference was found between MTA, PRP and PRF in cemental deposition, new bone formation, bone resorption and epithelial proliferation. The non-contaminated teeth demonstrated better treatment outcomes than the contaminated teeth. In conclusion, PRP and PRF are successful treatment options for repairing of furcation perforation in both non-contaminated and contaminated teeth in dogs with superior outcomes in non contaminated teeth.

  12. Platelet-rich fibrin membranes as scaffolds for periosteal tissue engineering.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gassling, V.; Douglas, T.E.L.; Warnke, P.H.; Acil, Y.; Wiltfang, J.; Becker, S.T.

    2010-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF)-based membranes have been used for covering alveolar ridge augmentation side in several in vivo studies. Few in vitro studies on PRF and no studies using human periosteal cells for tissue engineering have been published. The aim is a comparison of PRF with the

  13. Canine articular cartilage regeneration using mesenchymal stem cells seeded on platelet rich fibrin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shams Asenjan, K.; Dehdilani, N.; Parsa, H.

    2017-01-01

    Objectives Mesenchymal stem cells have the ability to differentiate into various cell types, and thus have emerged as promising alternatives to chondrocytes in cell-based cartilage repair methods. The aim of this experimental study was to investigate the effect of bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells combined with platelet rich fibrin on osteochondral defect repair and articular cartilage regeneration in a canine model. Methods Osteochondral defects were created on the medial femoral condyles of 12 adult male mixed breed dogs. They were either treated with stem cells seeded on platelet rich fibrin or left empty. Macroscopic and histological evaluation of the repair tissue was conducted after four, 16 and 24 weeks using the International Cartilage Repair Society macroscopic and the O’Driscoll histological grading systems. Results were reported as mean and standard deviation (sd) and compared at different time points between the two groups using the Mann-Whitney U test, with a value regeneration. It is postulated that platelet rich fibrin creates a suitable environment for proliferation and differentiation of stem cells by releasing endogenous growth factors resulting in creation of a hyaline-like reparative tissue. Cite this article: D. Kazemi, K. Shams Asenjan, N. Dehdilani, H. Parsa. Canine articular cartilage regeneration using mesenchymal stem cells seeded on platelet rich fibrin: Macroscopic and histological assessments. Bone Joint Res 2017;6:98–107. DOI: 10.1302/2046-3758.62.BJR-2016-0188.R1. PMID:28235767

  14. Classification of platelet concentrates: from pure platelet-rich plasma (P-PRP) to leucocyte- and platelet-rich fibrin (L-PRF).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dohan Ehrenfest, David M; Rasmusson, Lars; Albrektsson, Tomas

    2009-03-01

    The topical use of platelet concentrates is recent and its efficiency remains controversial. Several techniques for platelet concentrates are available; however, their applications have been confusing because each method leads to a different product with different biology and potential uses. Here, we present classification of the different platelet concentrates into four categories, depending on their leucocyte and fibrin content: pure platelet-rich plasma (P-PRP), such as cell separator PRP, Vivostat PRF or Anitua's PRGF; leucocyte- and platelet-rich plasma (L-PRP), such as Curasan, Regen, Plateltex, SmartPReP, PCCS, Magellan or GPS PRP; pure plaletet-rich fibrin (P-PRF), such as Fibrinet; and leucocyte- and platelet-rich fibrin (L-PRF), such as Choukroun's PRF. This classification should help to elucidate successes and failures that have occurred so far, as well as providing an objective approach for the further development of these techniques.

  15. A Novel Platelet Concentrate: Titanium-Prepared Platelet-Rich Fibrin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa Tunalı

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available We developed a new product called titanium-prepared platelet-rich fibrin (T-PRF. The T-PRF method is based on the hypothesis that titanium may be more effective in activating platelets than the silica activators used with glass tubes in Chouckroun’s leukocyte- and platelet-rich fibrin (L-PRF method. In this study, we aimed to define the structural characteristics of T-PRF and compare it with L-PRF. Blood samples were collected from 10 healthy male volunteers. The blood samples were drawn using a syringe. Nine milliliters was transferred to a dry glass tube, and 9 mL was transferred to a titanium tube. Half of each clot (i.e., the blood that was clotted using T-PRF or L-PRF was processed with a scanning electron microscope (SEM. The other half of each clot was processed for fluorescence microscopy analysis and light microscopy analysis. The T-PRF samples seemed to have a highly organized network with continuous integrity compared to the other L-PRF samples. Histomorphometric analysis showed that T-PRF fibrin network covers larger area than L-PRF fibrin network; also fibrin seemed thicker in the T-PRF samples. This is the first human study to define T-PRF as an autogenous leukocyte- and platelet-rich fibrin product. The platelet activation by titanium seems to offer some high characteristics to T-PRF.

  16. A novel platelet concentrate: titanium-prepared platelet-rich fibrin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tunalı, Mustafa; Özdemir, Hakan; Küçükodacı, Zafer; Akman, Serhan; Yaprak, Emre; Toker, Hülya; Fıratlı, Erhan

    2014-01-01

    We developed a new product called titanium-prepared platelet-rich fibrin (T-PRF). The T-PRF method is based on the hypothesis that titanium may be more effective in activating platelets than the silica activators used with glass tubes in Chouckroun's leukocyte- and platelet-rich fibrin (L-PRF) method. In this study, we aimed to define the structural characteristics of T-PRF and compare it with L-PRF. Blood samples were collected from 10 healthy male volunteers. The blood samples were drawn using a syringe. Nine milliliters was transferred to a dry glass tube, and 9 mL was transferred to a titanium tube. Half of each clot (i.e., the blood that was clotted using T-PRF or L-PRF) was processed with a scanning electron microscope (SEM). The other half of each clot was processed for fluorescence microscopy analysis and light microscopy analysis. The T-PRF samples seemed to have a highly organized network with continuous integrity compared to the other L-PRF samples. Histomorphometric analysis showed that T-PRF fibrin network covers larger area than L-PRF fibrin network; also fibrin seemed thicker in the T-PRF samples. This is the first human study to define T-PRF as an autogenous leukocyte- and platelet-rich fibrin product. The platelet activation by titanium seems to offer some high characteristics to T-PRF.

  17. In vivo evaluation of titanium-prepared platelet-rich fibrin (T-PRF): a new platelet concentrate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tunalı, Mustafa; Özdemir, Hakan; Küçükodacı, Zafer; Akman, Serhan; Fıratlı, Erhan

    2013-07-01

    We have developed a new, titanium-prepared, platelet-rich fibrin (T-PRF) together with the protocol for forming it, which is based on the hypothesis that titanium tubes may be more effective at activating platelets than the glass tubes used by Chouckroun in his platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) method. The aim of this study was to find a suitable animal model in which to evaluate the method and to investigate the efficacy of T-PRF for wound healing. Blood samples from 6 rabbits were used to confirm the protocol for formation of T-PRF. We evaluated T-PRF or T-PRF-like clots morphologically using scanning electron microscopy (EM). Blood samples from 5 rabbits were used to develop an experiment in which to evaluate the effects of T-PRF on wound healing. The mucoperiosteal flaps were filled with autologous T-PRF membranes from the vestibule in the anterior mandibular regions. Samples collected from the surgical sites were stained with haematoxylin and eosin. We found a mature fibrin network in T-PRF clots that had been centrifuged for 15 min at 3500 rpm and, 15 days after placement of the membrane, we found newly-forming connective tissue and islets of bony tissue in the T-PRF membrane. These results show that T-PRF could induce the formation of new bone with new connective tissue in a rabbit model of wound healing within 30 days of treatment.

  18. A Novel Technique for Conjunctivoplasty in a Rabbit Model: Platelet-Rich Fibrin Membrane Grafting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Çakmak, Hasan Basri; Dereli Can, Gamze; Ünverdi, Hatice; Toklu, Yasin; Hücemenoğlu, Sema

    2016-01-01

    Purpose. To investigate the effect of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) membrane on wound healing. Methods. Twenty-four right eyes of 24 New Zealand rabbits equally divided into 2 groups for the study design. After the creation of 5 × 5 mm conjunctival damage, it was secured with PRF membrane, which was generated from the rabbit's whole blood samples in PRF membrane group, whereas damage was left unsutured in the control group. Three animals were sacrificed in each group on the 1st, 3rd, 7th, and 28th postoperative days. Immunohistochemical (IHC) stainings and biomicroscopic evaluation were performed and compared between groups. Results. PRF membrane generated significant expressions of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β), and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) in the early postoperative period. However, the IHC evaluation allowed showing the excessive staining at day 28, in control group. Biomicroscopic evaluation revealed complete epithelialization in PRF membrane group, but none of the cases showed complete healing in the control group. Conclusions. This experimental study showed us the beneficial effects of the PRF membrane on conjunctival healing. Besides its chemical effects, it provides mechanical support as a scaffold for the migrating cells that are important for ocular surface regeneration. These overall results encourage us to apply autologous PRF membrane as a growth factor-enriched endogenous scaffold for ocular surface reconstruction. PMID:27747098

  19. A Novel Technique for Conjunctivoplasty in a Rabbit Model: Platelet-Rich Fibrin Membrane Grafting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Erol Can

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. To investigate the effect of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF membrane on wound healing. Methods. Twenty-four right eyes of 24 New Zealand rabbits equally divided into 2 groups for the study design. After the creation of 5 × 5 mm conjunctival damage, it was secured with PRF membrane, which was generated from the rabbit’s whole blood samples in PRF membrane group, whereas damage was left unsutured in the control group. Three animals were sacrificed in each group on the 1st, 3rd, 7th, and 28th postoperative days. Immunohistochemical (IHC stainings and biomicroscopic evaluation were performed and compared between groups. Results. PRF membrane generated significant expressions of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF, transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β, and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF in the early postoperative period. However, the IHC evaluation allowed showing the excessive staining at day 28, in control group. Biomicroscopic evaluation revealed complete epithelialization in PRF membrane group, but none of the cases showed complete healing in the control group. Conclusions. This experimental study showed us the beneficial effects of the PRF membrane on conjunctival healing. Besides its chemical effects, it provides mechanical support as a scaffold for the migrating cells that are important for ocular surface regeneration. These overall results encourage us to apply autologous PRF membrane as a growth factor-enriched endogenous scaffold for ocular surface reconstruction.

  20. Effect of platelet-rich plasma and platelet-rich fibrin on peri-implant bone defects in dogs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeong, Kyung-In; Kim, Su-Gwan; Oh, Ji-Su; Lee, Sung-Yong; Cho, Young-Seung; Yang, Sung-Soo; Park, Seung-Cheol; You, Jae-Seek; Lim, Sung-Chul; Jeong, Mi-Ae; Kim, Jae-Sung; Lee, Sook-Young

    2013-03-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of tooth ash and platelet-rich plasma (PRP), and platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) grafts into bone defects around implants on bone formation. Six adult dogs were used as experimental subjects. Graft materials were used to create a particulate material. Forty-eight tapered-type implants, 3.7 mm in diameter, 10 mm in length, and with surface treated with hydroxyapatite (HA) coating, were used as implant fixtures. Using a trephine bur, four bone defects were formed and implants were placed in the femurs of the adult dogs. Bone grafts were not performed in the control group. Tooth ash was grafted into the defects in group 1. In group 2, a mixture of tooth ash and PRP (1:1 ratio by volume) was grafted into the defects. In group 3, a mixture of tooth ash and PRF (ratio of 1:1) was grafted in the defect area. Animals were sacrificed after 4 or 8 weeks. Based on histopathological examination, the amount and rate of new bone formation were evaluated. Histomorphometric examination revealed that the rate of new bone formation in group 3 of the 4-week group was significantly higher than that in the control group. In addition, in the 8-week group, a significant increase in new bone formation was confirmed in group 3. In this study, a bone graft method using a mixture of tooth ash and PRF was found to increase new bone formation compared to the method using PRP. In addition, it was confirmed that this effect was more prominent in the initial stage of the bone graft.

  1. Platelet-rich fibrin-induced bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell differentiation into osteoblast-like cells and neural cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qi Li; Yajun Geng; Lei Lu; Tingting Yang; Mingrui Zhang; Yanmin Zhou

    2011-01-01

    Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells were allowed to develop for 14 days in a platelet-rich fibrin environment. Results demonstrated that platelet-rich fibrin significantly promoted bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell proliferation. In addition, there was a dose-dependent increase in Runt-related transcription factor-2 and bone morphogenetic protein-2 mRNA expression, as well as neuron-specific enolase and glial acidic protein. Results showed that platelet-rich fibrin promoted bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell proliferation and differentiation of osteoblastlike cells and neural cells in a dose-dependent manner.

  2. Bone neoformation in defects treated with platelet-rich fibrin membrane versus collagen membrane: a histomorphometric study in rabbit femurs.

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    Edwin Meza

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the present research was to compare bone neoformation in bone defects treated with platelet-rich fibrin (PRF and collagen membrane (CM at 3 and 5 weeks. For this purpose, two bone defects with a width of 4 mm and depth of 6 mm were created in the left distal femur diaphysis of New Zealand rabbits (n=12. The subjects were randomly allocated into two groups. One of the defects was covered with a platelet-rich fibrin membrane (Centrifuged resorbable autologous blood biopolymer without biochemical modification or a collagen membrane (gold standard - Neo Mem. The second defect was left uncovered (NC. The rabbits were sacrificed after 3 and 5 weeks (3 rabbits per period. The femur was completely removed and processed histomophometrically. The bone neformation analysis was performed using a differential point-counting method. Data was statistically analyzed (ANOVA, Tukey. The histomorphometric results showed that bone neformation in the defects treated with PRF at 3 weeks was equivalent to the CM (p<0.05. After 5 weeks, bone neformation obtained with PRF was higher than the control group and lower compared with the CM (p<0.05. The conclusion of the present study is that bone neformation in defects treated with PRF showed lower histomorphometric results compared with the one obtained with the collagen membrane and higher when compared with the control defects.

  3. Use of platelet-rich fibrin over skin wounds: Modified secondary intention healing

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    Chirag B Desai

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The healing process after any surgical intervention has always posed a challenge for the surgeons. In spite of the advances in wound closure techniques and devices, there is a crucial need for newer methods of enhancing the healing process to achieve optimal outcomes. Fibrin adhesives and platelet concentrates have proven useful in various treatment modalities in the fields of microvascular and plastic surgery. This case report shows its unique use in the field of maxillofacial and cutaneous surgery. It shows an innovative technique of enhancement of skin wound healing by local application of platelet-rich fibrin.

  4. Magnesium-enhanced enzymatically mineralized platelet-rich fibrin for bone regeneration applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gassling, Volker; Douglas, Timothy E L; Purcz, Nicolai; Schaubroeck, David; Balcaen, Lieve; Bliznuk, Vitaliy; Declercq, Heidi A; Vanhaecke, Frank; Dubruel, Peter

    2013-10-01

    Membranes of the autologous blood-derived biomaterial platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) were mineralized enzymatically with calcium phosphate (CaP) by the incorporation of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) followed by incubation for 3 days in solutions of either 0.1 M calcium glycerophosphate (CaGP) or a combination of CaGP and magnesium glycerophosphate (CaGP:MgGP; both 0.05 M), resulting in the formation of two different PRF-mineral composites. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy and selected area electron diffraction examinations showed that the CaP formed was amorphous. Inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy analysis revealed similar amounts of Ca and P in both composite types, while a smaller amount of Mg (Ca:Mg molar ratio = 10) was detected in the composites formed in the CaGP:MgGP solution, which was supported by the results of energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy-based elemental mapping. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) imaging showed that the mineral deposits in PRF incubated in the CaGP:MgGP solution were markedly smaller. The mass percentage attributable to the mineral phase was similar in both composite types. MTT and WST tests with SAOS-2 cells revealed that incubation in the CaGP:MgGP solution had no negative effect on cytocompatibility and cell proliferation compared to the CaGP solution. Cells on all samples displayed a well-spread morphology as revealed by SEM imaging. In conclusion, the incorporation of Mg reduces mineral deposit dimensions and promotes cell proliferation.

  5. Management of pulpal floor perforation and grade II Furcation involvement using mineral trioxide aggregate and platelet rich fibrin: A clinical report

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    Rhythm Bains

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available To report the management of an iatrogenic perforation of pulpal floor in the furcation of mandibular first molar, using Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA and platelet rich fibrin (PRF. Unpredictable endodontic root/pulp chamber floor perforations resulting in unacceptable high rate of clinical failure has now been a lesser threat with the advent of new technologies and biocompatible materials that utilize the applications of basic research along with tissue engineering concept in clinical practice. Present case report illustrates the use of MTA and platelet rich fibrin (PRF for the repair of the perforation defect and regeneration of the lost periodontium in furcation area. Although, histologic events and reaction of MTA with PRF is not studied so far, however, the autologous and biocompatible nature of the components used for present treatment modalities seems to be beneficial for the long term clinical results obtained in our case.

  6. Influence of platelet-derived growth factor-AB on tissue development in autologous platelet-rich plasma gels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wirz, Simone; Dietrich, Maren; Flanagan, Thomas C; Bokermann, Gudrun; Wagner, Wolfgang; Schmitz-Rode, Thomas; Jockenhoevel, Stefan

    2011-07-01

    Fibrin-based scaffolds are widely used in tissue engineering. We postulated that the use of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in contrast to platelet-poor plasma and pure fibrinogen as the basic material leads to an increased release of autologous platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-AB, which may have a consequent positive effect on tissue development. Therefore, we evaluated the release of PDGF-AB during the production process and the course of PDGF release during cultivation of plasma gels with and w/o platelets. The influence of PDGF-AB on the proliferation rate of human umbilical cord artery smooth muscle cells (HUASMCs) was studied using XTT assay. The synthesis of extracellular matrix by HUASMCs in plasma- and fibrin gels was measured using hydroxyproline assay. The use of PRP led to an increase in autologous PDGF-AB release. Further, the platelet-containing plasma gels showed a prolonged release of growth factor during cultivation. Both PRP and platelet-poor plasma gels had a positive effect on the production of collagen. However, PDGF-AB as a supplement in medium and in pure fibrin gel had neither an effect on cell proliferation nor on the collagen synthesis rate. This observation may be due to an absence of PDGF receptors in HUASMCs as determined by flow cytometry. In conclusion, although the prolonged autologous production of PDGF-AB in PRP gels is possible, the enhanced tissue development by HUASMCs within such gels is not PDGF related.

  7. Revascularization Induced Maturogenesis of Non-Vital Immature Permanent Tooth Using Platelet-Rich-Fibrin: A Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagaveni, N B; Pathak, Sidhant; Poornima, P; Joshi, Jooie S

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this report is to describe a novel method of revascularization therapy done in a non-vital, immature permanent tooth using Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF),in a recently developed scaffold material to overcome limitations associated with the traditional method of revascularization using natural blood clot. PRF prepared from autologous blood was placed in the root canal and patient was followed up regularly at one, three, six, nine and 12 months for detailed clinical and radiographic evaluation. At 12 months, radiographic examination revealed root elongation, root end closure, continued thickening of the root dentinal walls, obliteration of root canal space, and normal periradicular anatomy. However, more long term prospective trials and histological studies are highly needed before to testify PRF a panacea for the regenerative endodontic therapy in children.

  8. Laterally positioned flap-revised technique along with platelet rich fibrin in the management of Miller class II gingival recession

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    Jagmohan Singh

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Gingival recession is a complex phenomenon that may present numerous therapeutic challenges to the clinician. The laterally positioned flap is commonly used to cover isolated, denuded roots that have adequate donor tissue laterally and vestibular depth. Various modifications in laterally sliding flap have been proposed in order to avoid the reported undesirable results on the donor teeth. Recently, use of growth factors has been proposed in combination with surgical techniques. This article highlights the use of laterally positioned pedicle flap-revised technique as a modification of laterally sliding flap technique along with autologous suspension of growth factors, platelet rich fibrin membrane (PRF for the management of localized Miller class-II gingival recession. After 6 months of follow-up, the clinical condition was stable with 80% root coverage and satisfactory gingival tissue healing at both donor and recipient site with no signs of inflammation. An excellent esthetical outcome was achieved and the patient was satisfied with case resolution.

  9. Use of photoactivated disinfection and platelet-rich fibrin in regenerative Endodontics

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    Dexton Antony Johns

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: Photoactivated disinfection has been used as an adjunct to conventional endodontic treatment. Its use in regenerative endodontics is not reported in literature. The aim of this case report was to describe a new proposal for pulp revascularization with disinfection of pulp canal space using a unique combination of a photosensitizer solution and low-power laser light. Materials and Methods: A 9-year-old boy came with the chief complaint of discolored upper central incisors (#8, #9. A diagnosis of pulp necrosis was made on the basis of clinical and radiographic findings. The canal was irrigated with 5.25% sodium hypochlorite solution and dried with paper points. Photodynamic therapy was used to disinfect the root canal and platelet-rich fibrin was used to revitalize the pulp. Three millimeters of gray mineral trioxide aggregate was placed directly over the platelet-rich plasma clot. Three days later, the tooth was double-sealed with permanent filling materials. Results: Clinical examination revealed no sensitivity to percussion or palpation tests. Radiograph revealed continued thickening of the dentinal walls, root lengthening, regression of the peri-apical lesion and apical closure. Both the roots showed complete apical closure at the 10-month follow-up. However, the teeth were not responsive to electric pulp test. Conclusion: This report of pulp revascularization shows that disinfection with photodynamic therapy combined with platelet-rich fibrin leads to satisfactory root development in necrotic immature teeth.

  10. Effect of intraoperative platelet-rich plasma and fibrin glue application on skin flap survival.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Findikcioglu, Fulya; Findikcioglu, Kemal; Yavuzer, Reha; Lortlar, Nese; Atabay, Kenan

    2012-09-01

    The experiment was designed to compare the effect of intraoperative platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and fibrin glue application on skin flap survival. In this study, bilateral epigastric flaps were elevated in 24 rats. The right-side flaps were used as the control of the left-side flaps. Platelet-rich plasma, fibrin glue, and thrombin had been applied under the flap sites in groups 1, 2, and 3, respectively. Five days later, all flap pedicles were ligated. Necrotic area measurements, microangiography, and histologic and immunohistochemical evaluations were performed to compare the groups. Platelet-rich plasma reduced necrotic area percentages as compared with other groups. Histologically and microangiographically increased number of arterioles were observed in PRP groups. Thrombin when used alone increased flap necrosis. Vascular endothelial growth factor, platelet-derived growth factor, and transforming growth factor β3 primary antibody staining showed increased neovascularization and reepithelialization in all PRP-applied flaps. This study demonstrated that PRP, when applied intraoperatively under the skin flap, may enhance flap survival. Thrombin used alone was found to be unsuitable in flap surgery.

  11. A STUDY ON EFFICACY OF AUTOLOGOUS PLATELET RICH PLASMA IN MYRINGOPLASTY

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    Sankaranarayanan Gopalakrishnan

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To study the efficacy and advantage in using autologus platelet rich plasma during myringoplasty in closure of tympanic membrane perforation preventing the graft displacement, promoting quicker healing & improving overall outcome.Methods : Platelet rich plasma(PRP is an autologus platelet rich concentrate prepared from patients own blood with growth factors up to 8 times that of normal serum and its efficacy when used during myringoplasty is studied.50 patients with chronic otitis media inactive mucosal disease were randomly chosen and 25 of them was the study group and other 25 were the control group. Both group patients underwent myringoplasty and PRP was used in the study group and the results were evaluated.Results: In our study among 25 cases that underwent myringoplasty with use of platelet rich fibrin, 24 had complete tympanic membrane closure and only one failure has been noticed. In controls 5 out of 25 cases had failure. The graft take up rate in our study is comparable with the reference studies. Use of PRP accelerates graft uptake.Conclusion: Platelet rich plasma is a cheap and cost effective platelet concentrate with enriched growth factors. It accelerates the tympanic membrane closure following myringoplasty.

  12. Lyophilized Platelet-Rich Fibrin (PRF Promotes Craniofacial Bone Regeneration through Runx2

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    Qi Li

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Freeze-drying is an effective means to control scaffold pore size and preserve its composition. The purpose of the present study was to determine the applicability of lyophilized Platelet-rich fibrin (LPRF as a scaffold for craniofacial tissue regeneration and to compare its biological effects with commonly used fresh Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF. LPRF caused a 4.8-fold ± 0.4-fold elevation in Runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2 expression in alveolar bone cells, compared to a 3.6-fold ± 0.2-fold increase when using fresh PRF, and a more than 10-fold rise of alkaline phosphatase levels and mineralization markers. LPRF-induced Runx2 expression only occurred in alveolar bone and not in periodontal or dental follicle cells. LPRF also caused a 1.6-fold increase in osteoblast proliferation (p < 0.001 when compared to fresh PRF. When applied in a rat craniofacial defect model for six weeks, LPRF resulted in 97% bony coverage of the defect, compared to 84% for fresh PRF, 64% for fibrin, and 16% without scaffold. Moreover, LPRF thickened the trabecular diameter by 25% when compared to fresh PRF and fibrin, and only LPRF and fresh PRF resulted in the formation of interconnected trabeculae across the defect. Together, these studies support the application of lyophilized PRF as a biomimetic scaffold for craniofacial bone regeneration and mineralized tissue engineering.

  13. Platelet-rich fibrin matrix improves wound angiogenesis via inducing endothelial cell proliferation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roy, Sashwati; Driggs, Jason; Elgharably, Haytham; Biswas, Sabyasachi; Findley, Muna; Khanna, Savita; Gnyawali, Urmila; Bergdall, Valerie K; Sen, Chandan K

    2011-11-01

    The economic, social, and public health burden of chronic ulcers and other compromised wounds is enormous and rapidly increasing with the aging population. The growth factors derived from platelets play an important role in tissue remodeling including neovascularization. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has been utilized and studied for the last four decades. Platelet gel and fibrin sealant, derived from PRP mixed with thrombin and calcium chloride, have been exogenously applied to tissues to promote wound healing, bone growth, hemostasis, and tissue sealing. In this study, we first characterized recovery and viability of as well as growth factor release from platelets in a novel preparation of platelet gel and fibrin matrix, namely platelet-rich fibrin matrix (PRFM). Next, the effect of PRFM application in a delayed model of ischemic wound angiogenesis was investigated. The study, for the first time, shows the kinetics of the viability of platelet-embedded fibrin matrix. A slow and steady release of growth factors from PRFM was observed. The vascular endothelial growth factor released from PRFM was primarily responsible for endothelial mitogenic response via extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase activation pathway. Finally, this preparation of PRFM effectively induced endothelial cell proliferation and improved wound angiogenesis in chronic wounds, providing evidence of probable mechanisms of action of PRFM in healing of chronic ulcers.

  14. Lyophilized platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) promotes craniofacial bone regeneration through Runx2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Qi; Reed, David A; Min, Liu; Gopinathan, Gokul; Li, Steve; Dangaria, Smit J; Li, Leo; Geng, Yajun; Galang, Maria-Therese; Gajendrareddy, Praveen; Zhou, Yanmin; Luan, Xianghong; Diekwisch, Thomas G H

    2014-05-14

    Freeze-drying is an effective means to control scaffold pore size and preserve its composition. The purpose of the present study was to determine the applicability of lyophilized Platelet-rich fibrin (LPRF) as a scaffold for craniofacial tissue regeneration and to compare its biological effects with commonly used fresh Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF). LPRF caused a 4.8-fold±0.4-fold elevation in Runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2) expression in alveolar bone cells, compared to a 3.6-fold±0.2-fold increase when using fresh PRF, and a more than 10-fold rise of alkaline phosphatase levels and mineralization markers. LPRF-induced Runx2 expression only occurred in alveolar bone and not in periodontal or dental follicle cells. LPRF also caused a 1.6-fold increase in osteoblast proliferation (pfibrin, and 16% without scaffold. Moreover, LPRF thickened the trabecular diameter by 25% when compared to fresh PRF and fibrin, and only LPRF and fresh PRF resulted in the formation of interconnected trabeculae across the defect. Together, these studies support the application of lyophilized PRF as a biomimetic scaffold for craniofacial bone regeneration and mineralized tissue engineering.

  15. Concentrated red bone marrow/platelet-rich fibrin compound with an autologous periosteum debris scaffold for repair of mandibular defects%浓缩红骨髓/富血小板纤维蛋白复合载自体骨膜碎片修复下颌骨缺损★

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭灵雨; 刘凯; 刘树发

    2013-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The platelet-rich fibrin scaffold structure is conducive to the growth of red bone marrow mesenchymal stem cel s and various growth factors, promoting final osteogenesis. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility of the concentrated red bone marrow/platelet-rich fibrin compound with the autologous periosteum debris scaffold for repair of rabbit mandibular defects. METHODS: Bilateral mandibular bone defect models were prepared in New Zealand white rabbits using self-control method. The left side was the experimental side, and implanted with the concentrated red bone marrow/platelet-rich fibrin compound with the autologous periosteum debris scaffolds; the right side was the control side, and implanted with periosteum fragments and nano-hydroxyapatite composite scaffolds. Al experimental animals were sacrificed after 2, 4, 8, 12 weeks to prepare tissue samples for general observation, imaging analysis, hematoxylin-eosin staining and scanning electron microscope detection. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The imaging examination and histological staining showed that the experimental side was superior to the control side in the aspects of bone healing, osteogenesis speed and quality. Under the scanning electron microscope, the experimental side had better compatibility with surrounding tissues and no inflammation reaction. The data of the tooth CT and evidence of new bone formation showed the bone density and new bone area of the experimental side were significantly higher than that of the control side (P < 0.05). These data indicate that concentrated red bone marrow/platelet-rich fibrin compound with the autologous periosteum debris scaffolds has an obvious osteoinductive role, which is expected to be a new-type material for clinical repair of mandibular defects.%  背景:富血小板纤维蛋白支架结构有利于红骨髓中间充质干细胞及各种生长因子的生长,促进最终成骨。目的:探讨浓缩红骨髓/富血小板纤维蛋白复合

  16. A novel surgical procedure for papilla reconstruction using platelet rich fibrin

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    Lalitha Tanjore Arunachalam

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Loss of interdental papilla predisposes to phonetic, functional, and esthetic problem. Surgical techniques are manifold, but are challenging and very unpredictable. The purpose of this case report is to present the use of platelet rich fibrin (PRF in the reconstruction of papilla in the maxiallry anterior region of a forty year old woman who presented with loss of interdental papillae in 11, 12 and 11, 21 region. PRF was tucked in to the pouch created with a semilunar pedicle flap and the entire gingivopapillary unit was displaced coronally. Optimal fill was noted at 3 and 6 months postoperatively. Use of PRF may thus be the panacea for interdental papilla augmentation.

  17. Use of platelet rich fibrin in a fenestration defect around an implant

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    R Vijayalakshmi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Guided bone regeneration (GBR in implant therapy is especially useful for implant placement with dehiscence defects or fenestration defects. In alveolar ridges with marked facial/buccal depressions or in knifeedge alveolar crests, the position and direction of fixture placement is restricted. Improvement of alveolar ridge morphology becomes possible with GBR. This article describes a case in which the fenestration defect around an implant was treated by the application of platelet rich fibrin, a second generation platelet concentrate along with bone graft, and guided tissue regeneration membrane.

  18. Postextraction socket grafting using calcium phosphate cement and platelet rich fibrin

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    Nihal Devkar

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This clinical case report describes and demonstrates the successful use of calcium phosphate cement (CPC in conjunction with platelet-rich fibrin (PRF for postextraction socket grafting in maxillary right first premolar area. CPC can be molded to form a scaffold. It has been used previously for regeneration in intrabony defects, but very few clinical studies in humans have reported its use for socket grafting. In this report, we have presented a novel use of CPC in conjunction with PRF for ridge preservation after tooth extraction.

  19. Management of radicular cysts using platelet-rich fibrin and bioactive glass: a report of two cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Jiing-Huei; Tsai, Chung-Hung; Chang, Yu-Chao

    2014-07-01

    Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) created by Choukroun's protocol concentrates most platelets and leukocytes from a blood harvest into a single autologous fibrin biomaterial. However, no current data is available concerning the use of PRF for the treatment of periapical lesions. Two cases of radicular cysts were reported using an interdisciplinary approach, including regular endodontic therapy followed by surgical management with PRF and bioactive glass. Two cases of radicular cysts presented as an incidental radiographic finding, appearing as an apical radiolucency with well-circumscribed sclerotic borders. After regular endodontic retreatment, cystic lining/granulation tissues were enucleated and the periradicular bony defect was grafted using PRF and bioactive glass. Then, PRF was applied to serve as a membrane over the grafted defects. Recall periapical radiographs of Case 1 and cone beam computer tomography of Case 2 showed satisfactory healing of the periapical pathosis. In Case 2, the bony defect appeared completely healed at 4 months surgical reentry and the new bone was clinically very dense and mature. The results of these case reports show that the combination of PRF and bioactive glass is an effective modality of regenerative treatment for radicular cysts.

  20. Fibrin glue mixed with platelet-rich fibrin as a scaffold seeded with dental bud cells for tooth regeneration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Kai-Chiang; Wang, Chun-Hao; Chang, Hao-Hueng; Chan, Wing P; Chi, Chau-Hwa; Kuo, Tzong-Fu

    2012-11-01

    Odontogenesis is a complex process with a series of epithelial-mesenchymal interactions and odontogenic molecular cascades. In tissue engineering of teeth from stem cells, platelet-rich fibrin (PRF), which is rich in growth factors and cytokines, may improve regeneration. Accordingly, PRF was added into fibrin glue to enrich the microenvironment with growth factors. Unerupted second molar tooth buds were harvested from miniature swine and cultured in vitro for 3 weeks to obtain dental bud cells (DBCs). Whole blood was collected for the preparation of PRF and fibrin glue before surgery. DBCs were suspended in fibrin glue and then enclosed with PRF, and the DBC-fibrin glue-PRF composite was autografted back into the original alveolar sockets. Radiographic and histological examinations were used to identify the regenerated tooth structure 36 weeks after implantation. Immunohistochemical staining was used to detect proteins specific to tooth regeneration. One pig developed a complete tooth with crown, root, pulp, enamel, dentin, odontoblast, cementum, blood vessels, and periodontal ligaments in indiscriminate shape. Another animal had an unerupted tooth that expressed cytokeratin 14, dentin matrix protein-1, vascular endothelial growth factor, and osteopontin. This study demonstrated, using autogenic cell transplantation in a porcine model, that DBCs seeded into fibrin glue-PRF could regenerate a complete tooth.

  1. Platelet-Rich Fibrin Promotes Periodontal Regeneration and Enhances Alveolar Bone Augmentation

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    Qi Li

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In the present study we have determined the suitability of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF as a complex scaffold for periodontal tissue regeneration. Replacing PRF with its major component fibrin increased mineralization in alveolar bone progenitors when compared to periodontal progenitors, suggesting that fibrin played a substantial role in PRF-induced osteogenic lineage differentiation. Moreover, there was a 3.6-fold increase in the early osteoblast transcription factor RUNX2 and a 3.1-fold reduction of the mineralization inhibitor MGP as a result of PRF application in alveolar bone progenitors, a trend not observed in periodontal progenitors. Subcutaneous implantation studies revealed that PRF readily integrated with surrounding tissues and was partially replaced with collagen fibers 2 weeks after implantation. Finally, clinical pilot studies in human patients documented an approximately 5 mm elevation of alveolar bone height in tandem with oral mucosal wound healing. Together, these studies suggest that PRF enhances osteogenic lineage differentiation of alveolar bone progenitors more than of periodontal progenitors by augmenting osteoblast differentiation, RUNX2 expression, and mineralized nodule formation via its principal component fibrin. They also document that PRF functions as a complex regenerative scaffold promoting both tissue-specific alveolar bone augmentation and surrounding periodontal soft tissue regeneration via progenitor-specific mechanisms.

  2. Platelet-rich fibrin promotes periodontal regeneration and enhances alveolar bone augmentation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Qi; Pan, Shuang; Dangaria, Smit J; Gopinathan, Gokul; Kolokythas, Antonia; Chu, Shunli; Geng, Yajun; Zhou, Yanmin; Luan, Xianghong

    2013-01-01

    In the present study we have determined the suitability of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) as a complex scaffold for periodontal tissue regeneration. Replacing PRF with its major component fibrin increased mineralization in alveolar bone progenitors when compared to periodontal progenitors, suggesting that fibrin played a substantial role in PRF-induced osteogenic lineage differentiation. Moreover, there was a 3.6-fold increase in the early osteoblast transcription factor RUNX2 and a 3.1-fold reduction of the mineralization inhibitor MGP as a result of PRF application in alveolar bone progenitors, a trend not observed in periodontal progenitors. Subcutaneous implantation studies revealed that PRF readily integrated with surrounding tissues and was partially replaced with collagen fibers 2 weeks after implantation. Finally, clinical pilot studies in human patients documented an approximately 5 mm elevation of alveolar bone height in tandem with oral mucosal wound healing. Together, these studies suggest that PRF enhances osteogenic lineage differentiation of alveolar bone progenitors more than of periodontal progenitors by augmenting osteoblast differentiation, RUNX2 expression, and mineralized nodule formation via its principal component fibrin. They also document that PRF functions as a complex regenerative scaffold promoting both tissue-specific alveolar bone augmentation and surrounding periodontal soft tissue regeneration via progenitor-specific mechanisms.

  3. Treatment of a Refractory Skin Ulcer Using Punch Graft and Autologous Platelet-Rich Plasma

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    Mauro Carducci

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Chronic ulceration of the lower legs is a relatively common condition amongst adults: one that causes pain and social distress and results in considerable healthcare and personal costs. The technique of punch grafting offers an alternative approach to the treatment of ulcers of the lower limbs. Objective. Combining platelet-rich plasma and skin graft enhances the efficacy of treating chronic diabetic wounds by enhancing healing rate and decreasing recurrence rate. Platelet-rich plasma could, by stimulating dermal regeneration, increase the take rate after skin grafting or speed up reepithelialization. Methods and Materials. The ulcer was prepared by removing fibrin with a curette and the edges of the ulcer were freshened. The platelet-rich plasma has been infiltrated on the bottom and edges of the ulcer. The punch grafts were placed in 5 mm holes arranged. The ulcer was medicated with hydrogel and a pressure dressing was removed after 8 days. Results. After a few days the patient did not report more pain. Granulation tissue appeared quickly between implants. Most of the grafts were viable in 2-3 weeks. The grafts gradually came together to close the ulcer and were completed in four months.

  4. Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF): a second-generation platelet concentrate. Part II: platelet-related biologic features.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dohan, David M; Choukroun, Joseph; Diss, Antoine; Dohan, Steve L; Dohan, Anthony J J; Mouhyi, Jaafar; Gogly, Bruno

    2006-03-01

    Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) belongs to a new generation of platelet concentrates, with simplified processing and without biochemical blood handling. In this second article, we investigate the platelet-associated features of this biomaterial. During PRF processing by centrifugation, platelets are activated and their massive degranulation implies a very significant cytokine release. Concentrated platelet-rich plasma platelet cytokines have already been quantified in many technologic configurations. To carry out a comparative study, we therefore undertook to quantify PDGF-BB, TGFbeta-1, and IGF-I within PPP (platelet-poor plasma) supernatant and PRF clot exudate serum. These initial analyses revealed that slow fibrin polymerization during PRF processing leads to the intrinsic incorporation of platelet cytokines and glycanic chains in the fibrin meshes. This result would imply that PRF, unlike the other platelet concentrates, would be able to progressively release cytokines during fibrin matrix remodeling; such a mechanism might explain the clinically observed healing properties of PRF.

  5. Revascularization of immature, nonvital permanent tooth using platelet-rich fibrin in children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagaveni, N B; Poornima, P; Joshi, Jooie S; Pathak, Sidhant; Nandini, D B

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this paper was to present a new approach wherein revascularization of the immature, nonvital permanent tooth was performed using platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) as a novel scaffold material. This was performed after disinfection of the root canal space using triple antibiotic paste followed by placing a PRF membrane in the root canal. The patient was followed up regularly at three-, six-, nine-, and 12-month intervals for review. After 12 months, clinical examination showed negative response to percussion and palpation tests but positive response to cold and electric pulp tests. Radiographic examination revealed continued thickening of the root dentinal walls, narrowing of root canal space, root lengthening, and closure of the root apex with normal periradicular architecture. However, more clinical research using large samples is necessary to prove it advantageous for regenerative endodontic therapy in children.

  6. Treatment of infrabony defects with platelet-rich fibrin along with bone graft: Case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Surekha Y Bhedasgaonkar

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Although periodontitis is an infectious disease of periodontal tissues, changes that occur in the bone are crucial, because destruction of bone is responsible for tooth loss. Although horizontal bone loss is most common, vertical bone loss is more amenable to regenerative periodontal therapy. Recently, importance has been given to use of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF for predictably obtaining periodontal regeneration. PRF is a concentrated suspension of growth factors found in platelets. These growth factors moderate the wound healing and promote tissue regeneration. This article includes case reports of two patients who showed infrabony defects that were treated with combining PRF with allograft. This case report tried to compare the clinical and radiographical outcome obtained by combination of PRF and allograft.

  7. Platelet-rich fibrin-mediated revitalization of immature necrotic tooth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Navin Mishra

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Contemporary studies have shown that the regeneration of tissues and root elongation is possible in necrotic immature permanent teeth. The purpose of this case report is to add a new vista in regenerative endodontic therapy by using platelet rich fibrin for revitalization of immature non vital tooth. An 11year old boy with the history of trauma was diagnosed with the pulpal necrosis and symptomatic apical periodontitis in tooth #21. Intra oral periapical radiograph showed open apex and associated immature supernumerary tooth with respect to tooth #21. Access preparation and minimal instrumentation was done to remove necrotic debris under copious irrigation with 2.5% sodium hypochlorite. Triple antibiotic paste was packed in the canal for four weeks. During second visit, 5 mL of whole blood was drawn from the medial cubital vein of the patient and blood was then subjected to centrifugation at 2400 rpm for 12 minutes for the preparation of Platelet rich fibrin (PRF utilizing Choukroun′s method. Triple antibiotic paste was removed and canal was dried. PRF clot was pushed to the apical region of tooth #21 using hand pluggers. Three milimetres of Mineral trioxide (MTA was placed in cervical part of the root canal and permanent restoration was done three days later. Clinical examination at 6 and 12 months revealed no sensitivity to percussion and palpation in tooth #21and it responded positively to both electric pulp and cold tests. Radiographic examination showed resolution of periapical rarefaction, further root development and apical closure of the tooth #21 and its associated supernumerary tooth. On the basis of successful outcome of the present case it can be stated that PRF clot may serve as a scaffold for regeneration of necrotic immature teeth.

  8. Posıtıve effect of platelet rich fibrin on osseointegration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bayram, Burak; Kantarcı, Alpdoğan; Gülsever, Serap; Alaaddinoğlu, Emine-Elif

    2016-01-01

    Background Leukocyte-platelet rich fibrin (L-PRF) is a second generation platelet concentrate clinically used to accelerate tissue healing and bone regeneration. Achieving reduced implant osseointegration time could provide immediate or early loading of implants. The aim of this study was to evaluate the L-PRF-induced osseointegration and bone-implant contact (BIC) in an experimental animal model. Material and Methods Twelve 4-month-old New Zealand white rabbits were used. Following general anesthesia, 3-5 mL of blood was obtained from the central artery in rabbit ear and L-PRF was prepared. Two implant cavities (5 mm long and 3 mm in diameter) were created in each tibia with a total of four cavities in each animal. Two of these cavities were selected and covered with PRF (test group). The remaining L-PRF was used to soak the implants placed into the L-PRF covered sockets. Other cavities were left as controls. In total, 48 implants were placed. Animals were sacrificed after two, three, or four weeks. Histological samples were obtained and peri-implant tissues were histomorphometrically evaluated for bone-to-implant contact and new bone formation. Results Histomorphometric analyses of the defects revealed that the L-PRF was detectable up to the second week. Application of L-PRF increased the rate and amount of new bone formation in the experimental group compared to the control group. Bone-to-implant contact was enhanced when the surface was pre-wetted with L-PRF (p<0.01). Conclusions The results of this study demonstrated that L-PRF application may increases amount and rate of new bone formation during the early healing period and provides a faster osseointegration around implants. Key words:Dental implants, platelet rich fibrin, osseointegration, bone regeneration, matrix for growth factors. PMID:27475686

  9. In search of a consensus terminology in the field of platelet concentrates for surgical use: platelet-rich plasma (PRP), platelet-rich fibrin (PRF), fibrin gel polymerization and leukocytes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dohan Ehrenfest, David M; Bielecki, Tomasz; Mishra, Allan; Borzini, Piero; Inchingolo, Francesco; Sammartino, Gilberto; Rasmusson, Lars; Evert, Peter A

    2012-06-01

    In the field of platelet concentrates for surgical use, most products are termed Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP). Unfortunately, this term is very general and incomplete, leading to many confusions in the scientific database. In this article, a panel of experts discusses this issue and proposes an accurate and simple terminology system for platelet concentrates for surgical use. Four main categories of products can be easily defined, depending on their leukocyte content and fibrin architecture: Pure Platelet-Rich Plasma (P-PRP), such as cell separator PRP, Vivostat PRF or Anitua's PRGF; Leukocyteand Platelet-Rich Plasma (L-PRP), such as Curasan, Regen, Plateltex, SmartPReP, PCCS, Magellan, Angel or GPS PRP; Pure Plaletet-Rich Fibrin (P-PRF), such as Fibrinet; and Leukocyte- and Platelet-Rich Fibrin (L-PRF), such as Choukroun's PRF. P-PRP and L-PRP refer to the unactivated liquid form of these products, their activated versions being respectively named P-PRP gels and L-PRP gels. The purpose of this search for a terminology consensus is to plead for a more serious characterization of these products. Researchers have to be aware of the complex nature of these living biomaterials, in order to avoid misunderstandings and erroneous conclusions. Understanding the biomaterials or believing in the magic of growth factors ? From this choice depends the future of the field.

  10. Antibacterial Effect of Autologous Platelet-Rich Gel Derived from Subjects with Diabetic Dermal Ulcers In Vitro

    OpenAIRE

    Lihong Chen; Chun Wang; Hengchuan Liu; Guanjian Liu; Xingwu Ran

    2013-01-01

    Background. Autologous platelet-rich gel (APG) is an effective method to improve ulcer healing. However, the mechanisms are not clear. This study aimed to investigate the antibacterial effect of APG in vitro. Methods. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP), platelet-poor plasma (PPP) and APG were prepared from whole blood of sixteen diabetic patients with dermal ulcers. Antibacterial effects against Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa were evaluated by bacteriostasis assay...

  11. Autologus Platelet Rich Fibrin aided Revascularization of an immature, non-vital permanent tooth with apical periodontitis: A case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jadhav, Ganesh Ranganath; Shah, Dipali; Raghvendra, Srinidhi Surya

    2015-01-01

    Caries or trauma induced non-vital immature permanent tooth with blunderbuss, thin root which are very common among childrens are corrected using regenerative endodontic (revascularization) procedures. In the presented case, a 16-year-old boy reported with chief complaint of pain in maxillary left central incisor (Tooth #21). Tooth #21 showed grade III mobility, draining labial sinus, and short blunderbuss root with diffuse periapical radiolucency. Patient was explained the treatment plan and written informed consent was taken. Platelet rich fibrin (PRF) was prepared according to standard protocol. Autologous PRF was carried to the apical portion of the root canal after inducing revascularization. Access opening was double sealed with MTA and resin modified glass ionomer cement (RMGI). Baseline, 12 month and 18 month follow-up intraoral radiographs were taken. Clinically case was asymptomatic with complete resolution of intraoral sinus. Periapical healing, apical closure, root lengthening and dentinal wall thickening were uneventful. Thus PRF supplementation hastens the predictability and rate of revascularization in non-vital immature permanent teeth.

  12. Surgical Re-entry of an Intentionally Replanted Periodontally Compromised Tooth Treated with Platelet Rich Fibrin (PRF): Hopeless to Hopeful.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryana, Haneet Kour; Srinath, Rashmi; Prakash, Shobha

    2016-06-01

    Intentional replantation is generally contraindicated in periodontally compromised teeth however, there are reports suggesting that it can be a successful treatment alternative for periodontally involved hopeless teeth. Currently there is dearth of evidence regarding the success of this therapy, especially evidence for the effectiveness of autologous platelet rich fibrin is lacking. We present a case report of a 23-year-old male patient with periodontally hopeless left maxillary central incisor having bone loss extending beyond root apex. The tooth was gently extracted and replanted utilizing root conditioning and combined regenerative therapy (Xenograft, PRF and Type I Collagen Membrane). Surgical re-entry at nine months revealed bone formation in the apical third of the tooth. At one year, 87% radiographic bone gain was accomplished. The improvement in the clinical and radiographic parameters reinforced by the re-entry surgery findings strongly suggest that intentional replantation may be a cost-effective substitute to implants and tooth supported prosthesis in situations where conventional periodontal therapy would yield compromised outcomes.

  13. Surgical Re-entry of an Intentionally Replanted Periodontally Compromised Tooth Treated with Platelet Rich Fibrin (PRF): Hopeless to Hopeful

    Science.gov (United States)

    Srinath, Rashmi; Prakash, Shobha

    2016-01-01

    Intentional replantation is generally contraindicated in periodontally compromised teeth however, there are reports suggesting that it can be a successful treatment alternative for periodontally involved hopeless teeth. Currently there is dearth of evidence regarding the success of this therapy, especially evidence for the effectiveness of autologous platelet rich fibrin is lacking. We present a case report of a 23-year-old male patient with periodontally hopeless left maxillary central incisor having bone loss extending beyond root apex. The tooth was gently extracted and replanted utilizing root conditioning and combined regenerative therapy (Xenograft, PRF and Type I Collagen Membrane). Surgical re-entry at nine months revealed bone formation in the apical third of the tooth. At one year, 87% radiographic bone gain was accomplished. The improvement in the clinical and radiographic parameters reinforced by the re-entry surgery findings strongly suggest that intentional replantation may be a cost-effective substitute to implants and tooth supported prosthesis in situations where conventional periodontal therapy would yield compromised outcomes. PMID:27504421

  14. Microbicidal properties of Leukocyte- and Platelet-Rich Plasma/Fibrin (L-PRP/L-PRF): new perspectives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cieslik-Bielecka, A; Dohan Ehrenfest, D M; Lubkowska, A; Bielecki, T

    2012-01-01

    Platelets, as main actors of the first stage of the healing process, play an important role in tissue repair. Their granules contain many active substances, particularly over 30 growth factors with significant effects on the resident cells at the site of injury, such as mesenchymal stem cells, chondrocytes, fibroblasts, osteoblasts. This potential may be increased by the concentration of the platelets, using platelet-rich plasma/fibrin products. In the four families of platelet concentrates, 2 families contain also significant concentrations of leukocytes: L-PRP (Leukocyte- and Platelet-Rich Plasma) and L-PRF (Leukocyte- and Platelet-Rich Fibrin). Inductive properties of platelet concentrates were widely described. However, they present also antimicrobial effects. The antibacterial effects of L-PRP were highlighted in only a few in vitro studies. Strong activity comparable to gentamicin and oxacillin for L-PRP against methicillin susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) was already demonstrated. L-PRP also inhibited the growth of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and Escherichia coli. Some authors also reported clinical observations about the reduction of infections and the induction of healing processes after the use of platelet concentrates in cardiac, orthopaedic, oral and maxillofacial surgery. However, very little is yet known about the antibacterial effects of these concentrates. In this manuscript, the current data about the antimicrobial agents and cells present in the platelet-rich plasma/fibrin are highlighted and discussed, in order to introduce this new key chapter of the platelet concentrate technology history.

  15. Treatment of Peri-implant Bone Defects with Platelet-Rich Fibrin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamzacebi, Burak; Oduncuoglu, Bahar; Alaaddinoglu, Emine Elif

    2015-01-01

    The objective of this study was to investigate and compare the clinical effectiveness of the application of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) and conventional flap surgery for the treatment of peri-implant bone loss. Nineteen patients (8 women, 11 men) with peri-implant bone loss were randomly allocated to two groups, with the PRF group comprising patients who received fibrin scaffold and the control group made up of those who received only the access flap. At 3 and 6 months after surgery, respectively, the PRF group demonstrated higher mean probing depth reductions (2.41 ± 1.06 and 2.82 ± 1.03 mm versus 1.65 ± 1.02 and 2.05 ± 0.77 mm) and more gains in clinical attachment level (2.89 ± 1.01 and 3.31 ± 1.08 mm versus 1.43 ± 1.08 and 1.84 ± 0.81 mm) compared with the control group. In addition, the increase in the amount of keratinized mucosa from baseline to 6 months postoperatively was statistically significant for the PRF group (P < .001). Hence, the data from the current study led to the conclusion that PRF application in periimplant bone loss provided better clinical results than conventional flap surgery.

  16. Clinical evaluation and comparison of the efficacy of coronally advanced flap alone and in combination with platelet rich fibrin membrane in the treatment of Miller Class I and II gingival recessions

    OpenAIRE

    Santosh Gupta; Ruchi Banthia; Pallavi Singh; Priyank Banthia; Sapna Raje; Neha Aggarwal

    2015-01-01

    Background: The aim of this study was to compare the clinical efficacy of coronally advanced flap (CAF) alone and in combination with autologous platelet rich fibrin membrane (PRF) in Miller′s class I and II gingival recessions. Materials and Method: Thirty isolated Miller class I or II sites in 26 subjects were randomly divided into test (15 sites- CAF+PRF) and control (15 sites- CAF alone). Parameters probing pocket depth (PPD), Recession depth (RD), Clinical attachment loss (CAL), Keratini...

  17. Evaluation of the efficacy of platelet-rich plasma and platelet-rich fibrin in alveolar defects after removal of impacted bilateral mandibular third molars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doiphode, Amol M.; Hegde, Prashanth; Mahindra, Uma; Santhosh Kumar, S. M.; Tenglikar, Pavan D.; Tripathi, Vivek

    2016-01-01

    Aim and Objectives: This study attempted the evaluation of the efficacy of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) in alveolar defects after removal of bilateral mandibular third molars. Materials and Methods: A total of 30 patients reporting to Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and having bilateral mandibular third molar impaction in both male and female aged between 18 and 30 years were included in this study. PRF and PRP were placed in extraction site and recalled at 2nd, 4th, and 6th month postoperatively. Data were statistically analyzed using IBM SPSS software for Windows, version 19.0. IBM Corp., Armonk, NY, USA. Results: This study showed decreased probing depth in PRF group compared to PRP and control one. This signifies a better soft tissue healing of extraction sockets with PRF as compared to the PRP and the control group and increase in the bone density highlights the use of PRP and PRF certainly as a valid method in inducing hard tissue regeneration. Conclusion: This study indicates a definite improvement in the periodontal health distal to second molar after third molar surgery in cases treated with PRF as compared to the PRP group and control group. Hence, PRP and PRF can be incorporated as an adjunct to promote wound healing and osseous regeneration in mandibular third molar extraction sites. PMID:27195227

  18. Effects of platelet-poor plasma, platelet-rich plasma, and platelet-rich fibrin on healing of extraction sockets with buccal dehiscence in dogs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hatakeyama, Ichiro; Marukawa, Eriko; Takahashi, Yukinobu; Omura, Ken

    2014-02-01

    Alveolar bone resorption generally occurs during healing after tooth extraction. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of platelet-poor plasma (PPP), platelet-rich plasma (PRP), and platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) on healing in a ridge-augmentation model of the canine socket with dehiscence of the buccal wall. The third mandibular premolars of 12 beagle dogs were extracted and a 3 mm buccal dehiscence from the alveolar crest to the buccal wall of the extraction socket was created. These sockets were then divided into four groups on the basis of the material used to fill the sockets: PPP, PRP, PRF, and control (no graft material) groups. Results were evaluated at 4 and 8 weeks after surgery. The ultrastructural morphology and constructs of each blood product were studied by a scanning electron microscope (SEM) or calculating concentrations of platelets, fibrinogen, platelet-derived growth factor, and transforming growth factor-β. A total of five microcomputed tomography images of specimens were selected for measurement, and the area occupied by the newly formed bone as well as the horizontal bone width were measured. Moreover, decalcified tissue specimens from each defect were analyzed histologically. The median area of new bone at 4 and 8 weeks and median horizontal bone width at 8 weeks were the highest in the PPP group. However, bone maturation in the PRF and the PRP groups was more progressed than that in the PPP and control groups. By SEM findings, the PRF group showed a more highly condensed fibrin fiber network that was regularly arranged when compared with the PPP and PRP groups. The growth factors released from platelets in PRP indicated higher concentrations than that in PRF. Under more severe conditions for bone formation, as in this experiment, the growth factors released from platelets had a negative effect on bone formation. This study showed that PPP is an effective material for the preservation of sockets with buccal dehiscence.

  19. Classification of platelet concentrates (Platelet-Rich Plasma-PRP, Platelet-Rich Fibrin-PRF) for topical and infiltrative use in orthopedic and sports medicine: current consensus, clinical implications and perspectives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dohan Ehrenfest, David M; Andia, Isabel; Zumstein, Matthias A; Zhang, Chang-Qing; Pinto, Nelson R; Bielecki, Tomasz

    2014-01-01

    Platelet concentrates for topical and infiltrative use - commonly termed Platetet-Rich Plasma (PRP) or Platelet-Rich Fibrin (PRF) - are used or tested as surgical adjuvants or regenerative medicine preparations in most medical fields, particularly in sports medicine and orthopaedic surgery. Even if these products offer interesting therapeutic perspectives, their clinical relevance is largely debated, as the literature on the topic is often confused and contradictory. The long history of these products was always associated with confusions, mostly related to the lack of consensual terminology, characterization and classification of the many products that were tested in the last 40 years. The current consensus is based on a simple classification system dividing the many products in 4 main families, based on their fibrin architecture and cell content: Pure Platelet-Rich Plasma (P-PRP), such as the PRGF-Endoret technique; Leukocyte- and Platelet-Rich Plasma (LPRP), such as Biomet GPS system; Pure Platelet-Rich Fibrin (P-PRF), such as Fibrinet; Leukocyte- and Platelet-Rich Fibrin (L-PRF), such as Intra-Spin L-PRF. The 4 main families of products present different biological signatures and mechanisms, and obvious differences for clinical applications. This classification serves as a basis for further investigations of the effects of these products. Perspectives of evolutions of this classification and terminology are also discussed, particularly concerning the impact of the cell content, preservation and activation on these products in sports medicine and orthopaedics.

  20. Clinical and Histologic Evaluation of Platelet-Rich Fibrin Accelerated Epithelization of Gingival Wound

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bansal, Mansi; Kumar, Ashish; Puri, Komal; Khatri, Manish; Gupta, Geeti; Vij, Hitesh

    2016-01-01

    The foremost indication for gingival depigmentation is patient demand for improved aesthetics. In most cases after the removal of pigmented layer, the area is covered with periodontal packs. These dressings have no curative properties. They only minimise the likelihood of surface trauma during mastication. However, platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) accelerates wound healing by effective neovascularisation and promoting fast cicatricial tissue remodelling. In the present split mouth study, PRF membrane was applied in the first quadrant and non-eugenol dressing (Coe-Pack) in the second quadrant after depigmentation. Clinical evaluation of epithelization with toluidine blue revealed that PRF treated sites stained substantially less indicating better wound healing as compared to Coe-Pack sites, which appeared more erythematous after 5 days. The histologic evaluation also revealed greater inflammatory cell infiltrate on Coe-Pack sites as compared to PRF. Thus, PRF membrane as a periodontal dressing is a successful approach to protect the raw wound area of the depigmented site to reduce healing time and patient discomfort.

  1. Platelet-Rich Fibrin Lysate Can Ameliorate Dysfunction of Chronically UVA-Irradiated Human Dermal Fibroblasts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Budiyanto, Arief; Soebono, Hardyanto

    2016-01-01

    To determine whether platelet-rich fibrin lysate (PRF-L) could restore the function of chronically ultraviolet-A (UVA)-irradiated human dermal fibroblasts (HDFs), we isolated and sub-cultured HDFs from six different human foreskins. HDFs were divided into two groups: those that received chronic UVA irradiation (total dosages of 10 J cm-2) and those that were not irradiated. We compared the proliferation rates, collagen deposition, and migration rates between the groups and between chronically UVA-irradiated HDFs in control and PRF-L-treated media. Our experiment showed that chronic UVA irradiation significantly decreased (p<0.05) the proliferation rates, migration rates, and collagen deposition of HDFs, compared to controls. Compared to control media, chronically UVA-irradiated HDFs in 50% PRF-L had significantly increased proliferation rates, migration rates, and collagen deposition (p<0.05), and the migration rates and collagen deposition of chronically UVA-irradiated HDFs in 50% PRF-L were equal to those of normal fibroblasts. Based on this experiment, we concluded that PRF-L is a good candidate material for treating UVA-induced photoaging of skin, although the best method for its clinical application remains to be determined. PMID:27401663

  2. Sinus Augmentation by Platelet-Rich Fibrin Alone: A Report of Two Cases with Histological Examinations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanayama, Takeo; Maeda, Michinori; Horii, Koichiro; Miyamoto, Hironori; Wada, Keinoshin; Ojima, Yasutaka; Tsuchimochi, Tsukasa; Shibuya, Yasuyuki

    2016-01-01

    In sinus floor augmentation of an atrophic posterior maxilla, platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) has been used as a graft material. We herein report two cases with histological evaluations of PRF after the surgery. The first case was a 28-year-old female with an atrophic right posterior maxilla who was treated with sinus floor augmentation and simultaneous implant placement using PRF as the sole graft material in our hospital. Twenty-four months after surgery, the implant was unfortunately removed because of occlusal overloading by parafunctional habits. During implant replacement, a tissue sample was obtained from the site of augmentation with PRF and was evaluated histologically. The second case was a 58-year-old man with severe alveolar atrophy of the right maxilla who underwent lateral sinus augmentation using only PRF in a two-stage procedure in our hospital. Samples were obtained at the second-stage surgery and histological examinations were performed. As a result, new bone formation was confirmed histologically in both cases. Our findings show that the use of PRF as a graft material during sinus floor augmentation induces natural bone regeneration. PMID:27795860

  3. Platelet-Rich Fibrin Lysate Can Ameliorate Dysfunction of Chronically UVA-Irradiated Human Dermal Fibroblasts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wirohadidjojo, Yohanes Widodo; Budiyanto, Arief; Soebono, Hardyanto

    2016-09-01

    To determine whether platelet-rich fibrin lysate (PRF-L) could restore the function of chronically ultraviolet-A (UVA)-irradiated human dermal fibroblasts (HDFs), we isolated and sub-cultured HDFs from six different human foreskins. HDFs were divided into two groups: those that received chronic UVA irradiation (total dosages of 10 J cm⁻²) and those that were not irradiated. We compared the proliferation rates, collagen deposition, and migration rates between the groups and between chronically UVA-irradiated HDFs in control and PRF-L-treated media. Our experiment showed that chronic UVA irradiation significantly decreased (p<0.05) the proliferation rates, migration rates, and collagen deposition of HDFs, compared to controls. Compared to control media, chronically UVA-irradiated HDFs in 50% PRF-L had significantly increased proliferation rates, migration rates, and collagen deposition (p<0.05), and the migration rates and collagen deposition of chronically UVA-irradiated HDFs in 50% PRF-L were equal to those of normal fibroblasts. Based on this experiment, we concluded that PRF-L is a good candidate material for treating UVA-induced photoaging of skin, although the best method for its clinical application remains to be determined.

  4. Clinical and histologic evaluation of platelet-rich fibrin accelerated epithelization of gingival wound

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mansi Bansal

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The foremost indication for gingival depigmentation is patient demand for improved aesthetics. In most cases after the removal of pigmented layer, the area is covered with periodontal packs. These dressings have no curative properties. They only minimise the likelihood of surface trauma during mastication. However, platelet-rich fibrin (PRF accelerates wound healing by effective neovascularisation and promoting fast cicatricial tissue remodelling. In the present split mouth study, PRF membrane was applied in the first quadrant and non-eugenol dressing (Coe-Pack in the second quadrant after depigmentation. Clinical evaluation of epithelization with toluidine blue revealed that PRF treated sites stained substantially less indicating better wound healing as compared to Coe-Pack sites, which appeared more erythematous after 5 days. The histologic evaluation also revealed greater inflammatory cell infiltrate on Coe-Pack sites as compared to PRF. Thus, PRF membrane as a periodontal dressing is a successful approach to protect the raw wound area of the depigmented site to reduce healing time and patient discomfort.

  5. The Effect of Platelet-rich Fibrin Matrix on Rotator Cuff Healing in a Rat Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hasan, S; Weinberg, M; Khatib, O; Jazrawi, L; Strauss, E J

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of the current study was to determine if the application of platelet-rich fibrin matrix could improve regeneration of the tendon-bone insertion site in a rat rotator cuff repair model. 25 Lewis syngeneic rats underwent bilateral tenotomy and repair of the supraspinatus tendon. 10 separate rats were used for PRFM harvest. All left (control) shoulders underwent transosseous rotator cuff repair, while all right (treatment) shoulders were repaired similarly with PRFM augmentation. 9 rats were sacrificed at 2-weeks and ten at 4-weeks for biomechanical testing. 3 separate rats were sacrificed at 2-weeks and 4-weeks each for histologic analysis of the insertion site. At 2 weeks, the experimental group repairs were significantly stronger in ultimate load to failure (P=0.01), stress (P=0.03), and stiffness (P=0.03). Differences in biomechanical testing were not found between the groups at 4 weeks. Histological analysis revealed less collagen organization and cartilage formation at the insertion site in the experimental group. Semiquantitative histologic analysis confirmed our qualitative assessment of the specimens. PRFM does not recapitulate the native enthesis, but rather induces an exuberant and disordered healing response that is characterized by fibrovascular scar tissue.

  6. Sinus Augmentation by Platelet-Rich Fibrin Alone: A Report of Two Cases with Histological Examinations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naofumi Aoki

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In sinus floor augmentation of an atrophic posterior maxilla, platelet-rich fibrin (PRF has been used as a graft material. We herein report two cases with histological evaluations of PRF after the surgery. The first case was a 28-year-old female with an atrophic right posterior maxilla who was treated with sinus floor augmentation and simultaneous implant placement using PRF as the sole graft material in our hospital. Twenty-four months after surgery, the implant was unfortunately removed because of occlusal overloading by parafunctional habits. During implant replacement, a tissue sample was obtained from the site of augmentation with PRF and was evaluated histologically. The second case was a 58-year-old man with severe alveolar atrophy of the right maxilla who underwent lateral sinus augmentation using only PRF in a two-stage procedure in our hospital. Samples were obtained at the second-stage surgery and histological examinations were performed. As a result, new bone formation was confirmed histologically in both cases. Our findings show that the use of PRF as a graft material during sinus floor augmentation induces natural bone regeneration.

  7. Lateral sliding bridge flap technique along with platelet rich fibrin and guided tissue regeneration for root coverage

    OpenAIRE

    Agarwal, Kriti; Chandra, Chetan; Agarwal, Kanika; Kumar, Nishant

    2013-01-01

    Gingival recession is defined as the apical migration of the gingival margin with exposure of root surfaces. The etiology of the condition is multifactorial. Given the high rate of gingival recession defects among the general population, it is imperative that dental practitioners have an understanding of the etiology, complications and management of the condition. A recent innovation in dentistry is the preparation and use of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) for recession defects. The article prese...

  8. Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF in implant dentistry in combination with new bone regenerative technique in elderly patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Cortese, MD, DDS

    2016-01-01

    Conclusions: The main advantages in using the platelet-rich fibrin are healing and bone regenerative properties in combination with its complete resorption after surgery, thus avoiding a second surgery time, important factor in the elderly patients. Currently, it is a minimally invasive technique with low risks and satisfactory clinical results such preventing complications or implant failure particularly in elderly patients for age related conditions.

  9. Does platelet-rich plasma promote remodeling of autologous bone grafts used for augmentation of the maxillary sinus floor?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Raghoebar, GM; Schortinghuis, J; Liem, RSB; Ruben, JL; van der Wal, JE; Vissink, A

    2005-01-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) on remodeling of autologous bone grafts used for augmentation of the floor of the maxillary sinus. In five edentulous patients suffering from insufficient retention of their upper denture related to a severely resorbed ma

  10. 自体富血小板纤维蛋白复合脂肪干细胞对自体脂肪组织移植存活的影响%The effect of autologous platelet rich blood fibrin composite adipose-derived stem cells on the survival of autologous fat grafts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄敏红; 黎洪棉; 梁至洁; 黄海; 张同韩; 黎宁; 池刚毅

    2015-01-01

    目的 观察自体富血小板纤维蛋白(PRF)复合脂肪干细胞(ASCs)对自体脂肪组织移植存活率影响.方法 取健康成年人下腹部脂肪组织颗粒进行体外分离培养扩增提取脂肪干细胞;同时抽取其静脉血20 ml,一次离心法提取白体PRF;制成4组混合物:实验组A: 100 g/L的PRF200μl+ASCs+脂肪组织(Fat) 500 mg;实验组B:生理盐水200μl+ASCs+ Fat 500 mg;实验组C:100 g/L PRF 200μl+Fat 500 mg混合而成;实验组D:生理盐水200 μl+ Fat 500 mg混合而成.在裸鼠背部中线两侧各分离2个皮下腔隙,将以上4组复合移植物各自随机注射入裸鼠的任一腔隙深筋膜下.移植3个月后将移植物取出,检测并对比各组脂肪移植物的微血管密度、脂肪成活率及脂肪细胞纤维化坏死率等.结果 统计学分析显示:各组脂肪细胞存活率分别为A组(78.5±6.2)%,B组(66.3±5.1)%,C组(63.8±5.5)%,D组(32.4±3.9)%.吸光率为A组(5.1±0.8)%,B组(3.5±0.4)%,C组(3.2±0.6)%,D组(1.3±0.3)%.脂肪细胞密度为A组(51.7 ±6.6)/mm2,B组(39.8 ±5.2)/mm2,C组(37.5 ±5.7)/mm2,D组(20.3 ±3.1)/mm2.脂肪组织微血管密度为A组(42.7 ±3.8)/mm2,B组(31.5±2.9)/mm2,C组(29.2 ±3.3)/mm2,D组(11.4 ±2.5)/mm2.A组的脂肪成活率(细胞存活率、脂滴量及细胞密度等)及微血管密度显著高于其他三组(P<0.05),而D组的脂肪成活率及微血管密度则显著低于其他三组(P<0.05).结论 早期应用PRF复合脂肪干细胞可促进移植脂肪组织局部的血管再生,增加脂肪组织的质量保持率,减少脂肪移植后的纤维坏死程度.%Objective To observe the improvement effect of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) combine with adipose derived stem cells (ASCs) applied in autotransplantation on the survival rate of fat tissue transplantation.Methods ASCs were extracted from the lower abdominal adipose tissue particles of healthy adults and cultured in vitro, extracted the venous blood 20 ml from the same patient

  11. A comparative evaluation of the blood clot, platelet-rich plasma, and platelet-rich fibrin in regeneration of necrotic immature permanent teeth: A clinical study

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    Isha Narang

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: This study was designed as a clinical trial to evaluate and compare the regenerative potential of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF, platelet-rich plasma (PRP, and blood clot in immature necrotic permanent teeth with or without associated apical periodontitis. Methods: Access preparation was done under rubber dam isolation. Copious irrigation was done with 2.5% NaOCl and triple antibiotic paste was placed as an intracanal medicament. After 4 weeks, the cases were divided into four groups with five patients in each group. The study design had three test arms and one control arm. Group I in which mineral trioxide aggregate apexification was carried out and it was kept as control group to evaluate the regenerative potential of blood clot and platelet concentrates, Group II in which blood clot was used as scaffold in the canal, Group III in PRF was used as scaffold, and Group IV in which PRP carried on collagen was used as a scaffold. Results: The clinical and radiographic evaluation after 6 and 18 months was done by two independent observers who were blinded from the groups. The scoring was done as: None score was denoted by, Fair by 1, Good by 2, and Excellent by 3. The data were then analyzed statistically by Fisher′s exact test using Statistics and Data 11.1(PRP Using harvest Smart PReP2 which showed statistically significant values in Group III as compared to other Groups. Conclusion: PRF has huge potential to accelerate the growth characteristics in immature necrotic permanent teeth as compared to PRP and blood clot.

  12. Biocompatibility, biodegradation, and neovascularization of human single-unit platelet-rich fibrin glue: an in vivo analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wu Xiuwen; Ren Jianan; Yao Genhong; Zhou Bo; Wang Gefei; Gu Guosheng; Luan Jianfeng

    2014-01-01

    Background The clinical applications of fibrin glue span over several surgical modalities.The aim of this study was to evaluate the biocompatibility and biodegradation of different formulations of platelet-rich fibrin glue in vivo and examine its effects on the neovascularization of wound sites.Methods Human-derived single-unit fibrin glue was prepared.Incisions were made on the backs of rats,and these were coated with homemade glues containing different concentrations of aminomethylbenzoic acid (Groups A-F) or commercial adhesives (Group G).A sham control group was included (Group H).The wounds were examined by histological analysis and immunohistochemistry at several time points.Results Successful wound closure was achieved in all groups by day 12.Acute inflammation occurred during the first six days,but gradually disappeared.The longest sealant duration was achieved using the lowest concentration of antifibrinolytic agent in a 1:10 volume ratio with cryoprecipitate.Expression levels of the platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 were significantly higher in Groups A and C compared to the control groups (Groups G and H) on day 3 (P <0.05).Conclusions Single-unit platelet-rich fibrin glue has excellent biocompatibility and is associated with the upregulation of neovascularization.The addition of aminomethylbenzoic acid could prevent the degradation of fibrin glue.

  13. The combination use of platelet-rich fibrin and treated dentin matrix for tooth root regeneration by cell homing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ji, Baohui; Sheng, Lei; Chen, Gang; Guo, Shujuan; Xie, Li; Yang, Bo; Guo, Weihua; Tian, Weidong

    2015-01-01

    Endogenous regeneration through cell homing provides an alternative approach for tissue regeneration, except cell transplantation, especially considering clinical translation. However, tooth root regeneration through cell homing remains a provocative approach in need of intensive study. Both platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) and treated dentin matrix (TDM) are warehouses of various growth factors, which can promote cell homing. We hypothesized that endogenous stem cells are able to sense biological cues from PRF membrane and TDM, and contribute to the regeneration of tooth root, including soft and hard periodontal tissues. Therefore, the biological effects of canine PRF and TDM on periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs) and bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) were evaluated respectively in vitro. Beagle dogs were used as orthotopic transplantation model. It was found that PRF significantly recruited and stimulated the proliferation of PDLSCs and BMSCs in vitro. Together, PRF and TDM induced cell differentiation by upregulating the mineralization-related gene expression of bone sialoprotein (BSP) and osteopotin (OPN) after 7 days coculture. In vivo, transplantation of autologous PRF and allogeneic TDM into fresh tooth extraction socket achieved successful root regeneration 3 months postsurgery, characterized by the regeneration of cementum and periodontal ligament (PDL)-like tissues with orientated fibers, indicative of functional restoration. The results suggest that tooth root connected to the alveolar bone by cementum-PDL complex can be regenerated through the implantation of PRF and TDM in a tooth socket microenvironment, probably by homing of BMSCs and PDLSCs. Furthermore, bioactive cues and inductive microenvironment are key factors for endogenous regeneration. This approach provides a tangible pathway toward clinical translation.

  14. Platelet Rich Fibrin in the revitalization of tooth with necrotic pulp and open apex

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    Vasundara Yayathi Shivashankar

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Regeneration of pulp-dentin complex in an infected necrotic tooth with an open apex is possible if the canal is effectively disinfected. The purpose of this case report is to add a regenerative endodontic case to the existing literature about using Platelet Rich Fibrin (PRF. A nine year old boy who accidently broke his immature maxillary central incisor tooth, developed pulpal necrosis with apical periodontitis. After the access cavity preparation, the canal was effectively irrigated with 20 ml of 5.25% sodium hypochlorite solution and 10ml of 0.2% chlorhexidine solution and dried with paper points. Triple antibiotic paste was placed inside the canal and left for 21 days. 12 ml of whole blood was drawn from the patient′s right antecubital vein and centrifuged for 10 minutes to obtain the Choukroun′s PRF. After the removal of the triple antibiotic paste, the PRF was placed into the canal till the level of cementoenamel junction and 3mm of grey MTA was placed directly over the PRF clot. The setting of MTA was confirmed 3 days later and the tooth was double sealed with GIC and Composite restoration.After 1 year the clinical examination revealed negative responses to percussion and palpation tests. The tooth responded positively to cold and electric pulp tests. Radiographic examination revealed continued thickening of the dentinal walls, root lengthening, regression of the periapical lesion and apical closure. On the basis of the results obtained in our case report we conclude that revitalization of necrotic infected immature tooth is possible under conditions of total canal disinfection and PRF is an ideal biomaterial for pulp-dentin complex regeneration.

  15. Prevention of Localized Osteitis in Mandibular Third-Molar Sites Using Platelet-Rich Fibrin

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    Donald R. Hoaglin

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. To review our experience utilizing platelet rich fibrin (PRF, which is reported to aid in wound healing of extraction sites, for the prevention of localized osteitis following lower third-molar removal. Materials and Methods. PRF was placed in the mandibular third-molar extraction sites, 200 sites total, on 100 consecutive patients treated in our practice, by the authors. The patients were managed with standard surgical techniques, intraoperative IV antibiotic/steroid coverage, and routine postoperative narcotic analgesics/short-term steroid coverage. All patients were reevaluated for localized osteitis within 7–10 days of the surgery. A comparison group consisted of 100 consecutive patients who underwent bilateral removal of indicated mandibular wisdom teeth and did not receive PRF placement within the lower third molar surgical sites. Results. The incidence of localized osteitis (LO following removal of 200 lower third molars with simultaneous PRF placement within the extraction site was 1% (2 sites out of 200. The group of patients whose mandibular 3rd molar sockets were not treated with PRF demonstrated a 9.5% (19 sites out of 200 incidence of localized osteitis. The latter group also required 6.5 hours of additional clinical time to manage LO than the study group who received PRF. Conclusions. This retrospective review demonstrated that preventative treatment of localized osteitis can be accomplished using a low cost, autogenous, soluble, biologic material, PRF, that PRF enhanced third-molar socket healing/clot retention and greatly decreased the clinical time required for postoperative management of LO.

  16. The contrastive research on the osteogenesis effects of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2, platelet-rich fibrin and autologous bone compositeding with coralline hydroxyapatite respectively%rhBMP-2、PRF和自体骨分别复合珊瑚羟基磷灰石成骨效能的比较研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋亚平; 徐世同; 杨淑娟; 张彩美; 黄丞蔚; 刘虎

    2014-01-01

    目的:通过建立动物骨缺损模型,比较重组人骨形成蛋白-2(rhBMP-2)与珊瑚羟基磷灰石(CHA)复合物、富血小板纤维蛋白(PRF)与珊瑚羟基磷灰石复合物、自体骨与珊瑚羟基磷灰石复合物以及单纯珊瑚羟基磷灰石这四种骨移植材料在骨缺损中的成骨效能。方法:在比格犬双侧胫骨干骺端制备四个相同的骨缺损区,在缺损区分别植入rhBMP-2/CHA、 PRF/CHA、自体骨/CHA及CHA (对照);3个月后处死动物,行大体标本观察;拍牙科CT,观察各植骨区骨密度情况;制作石蜡切片、 HE染色,比较各植骨区骨组织学特点及新骨形成量。结果:大体标本见四组骨缺损间隙均完全关闭。 X线示自体骨/CHA组和PRF/CHA组骨密度较致密, rhBMP-2/CHA组致密性低于前两者, CHA组未见明显骨致密影。 HE切片见四组新生骨与宿主骨连接紧密,新生骨小梁不规则,粗细不一,排列无序;复合型骨移植材料的新生骨小梁比对照组更密集、粗大,连续性更好;四组植骨区成骨量比较:自体骨/CHA组>PRF/CHA组>rhBMP-2/CHA组>CHA组。结论:复合型骨移植材料成骨效应明显优于单纯珊瑚羟基磷灰石;三种复合型材料中自体骨/CHA成骨效应最好,其次为PRF/CHA, rhBMP-2/CHA最差。%Objective: By establishing bone defects animal model, the osteogenesis effects of four groups bone transplantation materials that they are compound of reco mbinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP -2), coralline hydroxyapatite (CHA), compound of platelet -rich fibrin and coralline hydroxyapatite, compound of autologous bone and coralline hydroxyapatite and pure coralline hydroxyapatite were compared by repairing bone defects. Methods: Four same bone defects were prepared on each side of tibial metaphyseal of Beagles , rhBMP-2/CHA, PRF/CHA, autologous bone/CHA and pure CHA were respectively implanted into the bone defects. The Beagles

  17. The effect of autologous platelet rich plasma in treatment lateral epicondylitis

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    İsmail Ağır

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Lateral epicondylitis (tennis elbow is the most commonly diagnosed cause of lateral elbow pain. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of single dose corticosteroid and autologous platelet rich plasma (PRP injection in the treatment of tennis elbow.Materials and methods: The 15 elbow of 15 patients (6 male and 9 female was included in the study, who applied to our clinic with lateral elbow pain and diagnosed as lateral epicondylitis. A single dose of 0,5 ml Bethametasone and 0,5 ml Prilocaine mixture was applied to first group and single dose 1 ml autologous PRP was locally applied to the second group.Results: In the early follow-ups the results of corticosteroid group were better than latter follow-ups, however in PRP group the results were worst in early follow-ups but better results were obtained in later follow-ups according to Verhaar scoring system.Conclusion: According to our results, the beneficial effects of PRP injection in lateral epicondylitis increases over time but further studies with more patients and longer follow up durations should done in order to more clarified this subject.

  18. The use of platelet-rich fibrin membrane in gingival recession treatment

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    Aleksić Zoran

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Fibrin, fibronectin, platelet derived growth factor, and transforming growth factors from platelet concetrate are crucial for tissue reparation and regeneration. Objective. This study was designed to evaluate clinical effectiveness of activated platelet-rich fibrin (PRF membrane in treatment of gingival recession. Methods. 19 gingival recessions Miller class I or II were treated with a coronally advanced flap and the PRF membrane (PRF group. Following the elevation of the flap, bone and root surfaces were covered with the PRF membrane. After suturing, the PRF membrane was covered with a coronally advanced flap. In the same patients, 19 other gingival recessions were treated with CTG in combination with the coronally advanced flap (the CTG group. Clinical recordings were made of vertical recession depth (VRD, probing depth (PD, clinical attachment level (CAL and keratinized tissue width (KTW before and 12 months after mucogingival surgical treatment. Clinical evaluation of healing events was estimated with recordings of the healing index (HI. Recordings of HI were performed in the 1st, 2nd and 3rd week post-surgically. Results. Mean root coverage was significant in both groups (the PRF group 79.94% and the CTG group 88.56% %; p<0.01. The difference between the two tested groups was not statistically significant. Results of the keratinized tissue width showed significant increase (p<0.05 12 months after the surgery in both, the PRF and CTG groups. Results of KTW showed statistical significance of recorded differences obtained in the two evaluated groups (p<0.05. There was no statistical significance in reduction of PD and CAL recorded in the PRF and CTG groups. The values of HI recorded in the 1st and 2nd week postoperatively were significantly enhanced in the PRF group (p<0.05. Conclusion. Results of this study confirm both procedures as effective with equivalence of clinical results in solving gingival recession problems. The

  19. Advanced platelet-rich fibrin: a new concept for cell-based tissue engineering by means of inflammatory cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghanaati, Shahram; Booms, Patrick; Orlowska, Anna; Kubesch, Alica; Lorenz, Jonas; Rutkowski, Jim; Landes, Constantin; Sader, Robert; Kirkpatrick, Cj; Choukroun, Joseph

    2014-12-01

    Choukroun's platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) is obtained from blood without adding anticoagulants. In this study, protocols for standard platelet-rich fibrin (S-PRF) (2700 rpm, 12 minutes) and advanced platelet-rich fibrin (A-PRF) (1500 rpm, 14 minutes) were compared to establish by histological cell detection and histomorphometrical measurement of cell distribution the effects of the centrifugal force (speed and time) on the distribution of cells relevant for wound healing and tissue regeneration. Immunohistochemistry for monocytes, T and B -lymphocytes, neutrophilic granulocytes, CD34-positive stem cells, and platelets was performed on clots produced from four different human donors. Platelets were detected throughout the clot in both groups, although in the A-PRF group, more platelets were found in the distal part, away from the buffy coat (BC). T- and B-lymphocytes, stem cells, and monocytes were detected in the surroundings of the BC in both groups. Decreasing the rpm while increasing the centrifugation time in the A-PRF group gave an enhanced presence of neutrophilic granulocytes in the distal part of the clot. In the S-PRF group, neutrophils were found mostly at the red blood cell (RBC)-BC interface. Neutrophilic granulocytes contribute to monocyte differentiation into macrophages. Accordingly, a higher presence of these cells might be able to influence the differentiation of host macrophages and macrophages within the clot after implantation. Thus, A-PRF might influence bone and soft tissue regeneration, especially through the presence of monocytes/macrophages and their growth factors. The relevance and feasibility of this tissue-engineering concept have to be proven through in vivo studies.

  20. Revitalization of an Immature Permanent Mandibular Molar with a Necrotic Pulp Using Platelet-Rich Fibrin: A Case Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shoba, Krishnamma; Aman, Shibu; Bharkavi, Srinivasan Kumar Indu

    2016-01-01

    Any insult to the pulp during its development causes cessation of dentin formation and root growth. Pulpal status and degree of root development are the decisive factors in the treatment approach. Various treatment options have been tried like surgery with root-end sealing, calcium hydroxide–apexification, placement of apical plug and regenerative endodontic procedures to induce apexogenesis. An ideal scenario for a necrosed tooth with immature root would be continued root development coupled with regeneration of pulp tissue. We report a case, where revitalization was done using Platelet-Rich Fibrin (PRF) as a scaffold in immature mandibular molar tooth. PMID:28050518

  1. An innovative approach in the management of palatogingival groove using Biodentine™ and platelet-rich fibrin membrane.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johns, Dexton Antony; Shivashankar, Vasundhara Yayathi; Shobha, K; Johns, Manu

    2014-01-01

    Palatogingival groove is an anatomical malformation that often causes severe periodontal defects. Treatments of such an anomaly present a clinical challenge to the operator. Careful endodontic and periodontal procedures may restore the form and function. In the present case; root canal therapy, apicectomy, and sealing of the groove with Biodentine™ were done. Bone graft was placed followed by platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) membrane. This treatment modality resulted in gain in attachment, reduction in pocket depth, and deposition of bone in the osseous defect. A 24 month follow-up is included.

  2. Effect of autologous platelet-rich plasma application on cutaneous wound healing in dogs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jee, Cho-Hee; Eom, Na-Young; Jang, Hyo-Mi; Jung, Hae-Won; Choi, Eul-Soo; Won, Jin-Hee; Hong, Il-Hwa; Kang, Byeong-Teck; Jeong, Dong Wook; Jung, Dong-In

    2016-03-01

    This study was conducted to identify the effectiveness of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and efficacy of intralesional injection as a method of application to acute cutaneous wounds in dogs. Healthy adult beagles (n = 3) were used in this study. Autologous PRP was separated from anticoagulant treated whole blood in three dogs. Cutaneous wounds were created and then treated by intralesional injection of PRP in the experimental group, while they were treated with saline in the control group on days 0, 2 and 4. The healing process was evaluated by gross examination throughout the experimental period and histologic examination on day 7, 14 and 21. In PRP treated wounds, the mean diameter was smaller and the wound closure rate was higher than in the control. Histological study revealed that PRP treated wounds showed more granulation formation and angiogenesis on day 7, and faster epithelialization, more granulation formation and collagen deposition were observed on day 14 than in control wounds. On day 21, collagen deposition and epithelialization were enhanced in PRP treated groups. Overall, PRP application showed beneficial effects in wound healing, and intralesional injection was useful for application of PRP and could be a good therapeutic option for wound management in dogs.

  3. The bone integration effects of platelet-rich fibrin by removal torque of titanium screw in rabbit tibia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cho, Sung-Am; Lee, Byung-Kil; Park, Sang-Hun; Ahn, Jae-Jin

    2014-01-01

    Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) is nowadays often used in various fields, but no removal torque studies have yet been done to evaluate the effects of the platelet-rich fibrin on the bone integration at the initial healing period. An experimental study have been performed in rabbits to evaluate whether the complete PRF clots can accelerate the bone integration of implants at the initial healing period after creating bone defects in tibias. The effect of the complete PRF clots on bone integration was studied in two rabbit groups, 4-week group (group A) and 6-week group (group B) after preparing bony defects. Artificial bony defects were prepared in the tibias of rabbits. The complete PRF clots was applied to the defects in the experimental group, whereas the defects were unfilled in the control group. Four weeks later, machined implants were installed into the rabbit tibias (group A). Six weeks after installation, the removal torque from nine rabbits was measured to examine the bone healing effect of PRF. In another rabbits (group B), 6 weeks after preparing bony defects, installation was performed, and another 6 weeks after installation, the removal torque from nine rabbits was measured. The authors found a positive significant effect of the complete PRF clots on bone integration (higher bone density) in group A installed at 4 weeks after preparing bony defects (p = 0.008; t-test), but not in group B installed at 6 weeks after preparing bony defects (p = 0.677).

  4. Retreatment of endodontically failed tooth with wide-open apex using platelet rich fibrin membrane as matrix and an apical plug of Biodentine™

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    Ajinkya Mansing Pawar

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The primary reason for an endodontic failure is the persistence or regrowth of bacteria within the root canal system, and such cases require retreatment. The tooth root development and closure of its apex occurs till 3 years after the eruption. Traumatic injuries during this development period result in endodontic complications. While dealing with a tooth, with an open apex the prime objective was eliminating bacteria from the root canal system with minimum irritation to the periapical tissues and induction of apical closure to produce favorable conditions and to confine the root canal filling within the canal space. Traditionally as supported by literature multiple dressings of calcium hydroxide medicament were advocated to induce apical barrier formation followed by an evolution of the apical artificial barrier technique where the mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA was used. Recently introduced Biodentine™ is similar to MTA with its basic composition, which can be used as its substitute. The main difficulty associated while treating teeth with wide-open apices are preventing the overfilling of the restorative materials that serve as an artificial barrier. Use of a matrix overcomes this challenge. Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF a matrix of autologous fibrin, embedded with a large quantity of platelet and leukocyte cytokines during centrifugation can be successfully used as an apical membrane. The present case, reports a novel procedure of apexification of endodontically failed central incisor with open apex using PRF as apical membrane and Biodentine™.

  5. Platelet-rich plasma-induced bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells versus autologous nerve grafting for sciatic nerve repair

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Changsuo Xia; Yajuan Li; Wen Cao; Zhaohua Yu

    2010-01-01

    Autologous nerve grafting is the gold standard of peripheral nerve repair.We previously showed that autologous platelet-rich plasma(PRP)contains high concentrations of growth factors and can induce in vitro cultured bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells(BMSCs)to differentiate into Schwann cells.Here we used PRP-induced BMSCs combined with chemically extracted acellular nerves to repair sciatic nerve defects and compared the effect with autologous nerve grafting.The BMSCs and chemically extracted acellular nerve promoted target muscle wet weight restoration,motor nerve conduction velocity,and axonal and myelin sheath regeneration,with similar effectiveness to autologous nerve grafting.This finding suggests that PRP induced BMSCs can be used to repair peripheral nerve defects.

  6. Current knowledge and perspectives for the use of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) in oral and maxillofacial surgery part 1: Periodontal and dentoalveolar surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Del Corso, Marco; Vervelle, Alain; Simonpieri, Alain; Jimbo, Ryo; Inchingolo, Francesco; Sammartino, Gilberto; Dohan Ehrenfest, David M

    2012-06-01

    Platelet concentrates for surgical use are innovative tools of regenerative medicine, and were widely tested in oral and maxillofacial surgery. Unfortunately, the literature on the topic is contradictory and the published data are difficult to sort and interpret. In periodontology and dentoalveolar surgery, the literature is particularly dense about the use of the various forms of Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) - Pure Platelet-Rich Plasma (P-PRP) or Leukocyte- and Platelet-Rich Plasma (L-PRP) - but still limited about Platelet-Rich Fibrin (PRF) subfamilies. In this first article, we describe and discuss the current published knowledge about the use of PRP and PRF during tooth avulsion or extraction, mucogingival surgery, Guided Tissue Regeneration (GTR) or bone filling of periodontal intrabony defects, and regeneration of alveolar ridges using Guided Bone Regeneration (GBR), in a comprehensive way and in order to avoid the traps of a confusing literature and to highlight the underlying universal mechanisms of these products. Finally, we particularly insist on the perspectives in this field, through the description and illustration of the systematic use of L-PRF (Leukocyte- and Platelet- Rich Fibrin) clots and membranes during tooth avulsion, cyst exeresis or the treatment of gingival recessions by root coverage. The use of L-PRF also allowed to define new therapeutic principles: NTR (Natural Tissue Regeneration) for the treatment of periodontal intrabony lesions and Natural Bone Regeneration (NBR) for the reconstruction of the alveolar ridges. In periodontology, this field of research will soon find his golden age by the development of user-friendly platelet concentrate procedures, and the definition of new efficient concepts and clinical protocols.

  7. Leukocyte inclusion within a platelet rich plasma-derived fibrin scaffold stimulates a more pro-inflammatory environment and alters fibrin properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anitua, Eduardo; Zalduendo, Mar; Troya, María; Padilla, Sabino; Orive, Gorka

    2015-01-01

    One of the main differences among platelet-rich plasma (PRP) products is the inclusion of leukocytes that may affect the biological efficacy of these autologous preparations. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether the addition of leukocytes modified the morphological, biomechanical and biological properties of PRP under normal and inflammatory conditions. The release of pro-inflammatory cytokines from plasma rich in growth factors (PRGF) and leukocyte-platelet rich plasma (L-PRP) scaffolds was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and was significantly increased under an inflammatory condition when leukocytes were included in the PRP. Fibroblasts and osteoblasts treated with L-PRP, under an inflammatory situation, underwent a greater activation of NFĸB pathway, proliferated significantly less and secreted a higher concentration of pro-inflammatory cytokines. These cellular events were assessed through Western blot and fluorimetric and ELISA methods, respectively. Therefore, the inclusion of leukocytes induced significantly higher pro-inflammatory conditions.

  8. Guided bone regeneration (GBR) using cortical bone pins in combination with leukocyte- and platelet-rich fibrin (L-PRF).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toffler, Michael

    2014-03-01

    Two of the fundamental requisites for guided bone regeneration (GBR) are space maintenance and primary soft-tissue closure. Allogeneic cortical bone pins measuring 2 mm in diameter in customized lengths can protect surrounding graft materials, support bioresorbable membrane barriers, and resist wound compression from the overlying soft tissues. In addition, a second-generation platelet concentrate, leukocyte- and platelet-rich fibrin (L-PRF), may be incorporated into the augmentation procedure to provide multiple growth factors, accelerate wound healing, and aid in the maintenance of primary closure over the grafted materials. Highlighting two case reports, this article features a GBR technique that uses bone pins in combination with L-PRF membranes to provide both horizontal and vertical ridge augmentation at severely compromised implant sites.

  9. Management of bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw with a platelet-rich fibrin membrane: technical report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soydan, Sıdıka Sinem; Uckan, Sina

    2014-02-01

    Bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ) is a challenging complication resulting from the long-term application of bisphosphonates. In most cases, BRONJ occurs after a surgical procedure involving the jawbone. Currently, the management of BRONJ remains controversial, and there is no definitive treatment other than palliative methods. Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) represents a relatively new biotechnology for the stimulation and acceleration of tissue healing and bone regeneration. This technical note describes the total closure of moderate bone exposure in persistent BRONJ in 2 weeks with a double-layer PRF membrane. PRF may stimulate gingival healing and act as a barrier membrane between the alveolar bone and the oral cavity. PRF may offer a fast, easy, and effective alternative method for the closure of bone exposure in BRONJ.

  10. Platelet-rich fibrin, "a faster healing aid" in the treatment of combined lesions: A report of two cases

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    Parupalli Karunakar

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Anatomically the pulp and periodontium are connected through apical foramen, and the lateral, accessory, and furcal canals. Diseases of one tissue may affect the other. In the present case report with two cases, a primary periodontal lesion with secondary endodontic involvement is described. In both cases, root canal treatment was done followed by periodontal therapy with the use of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF as the regenerative material of choice. PRF has been a breakthrough in the stimulation and acceleration of tissue healing. It is used to achieve faster healing of the intrabony defects. Absence of an intraradicular lesion, pain, and swelling, along with tooth stability and adequate radiographic bone fill at 9 months of follow-up indicated a successful outcome.

  11. Platelet factor XIII increases the fibrinolytic resistance of platelet-rich clots by accelerating the crosslinking of alpha 2-antiplasmin to fibrin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reed, G. L.; Matsueda, G. R.; Haber, E.

    1992-01-01

    Platelet clots resist fibrinolysis by plasminogen activators. We hypothesized that platelet factor XIII may enhance the fibrinolytic resistance of platelet-rich clots by catalyzing the crosslinking of alpha 2-antiplasmin (alpha 2AP) to fibrin. Analysis of plasma clot structure by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and immunoblotting revealed accelerated alpha 2AP-fibrin crosslinking in platelet-rich compared with platelet-depleted plasma clots. A similar study of clots formed with purified fibrinogen (depleted of factor XIII activity), isolated platelets, and specific factor XIII inhibitors indicated that this accelerated crosslinking was due to the catalytic activity of platelet factor XIII. Moreover, when washed platelets were aggregated by thrombin, there was evidence of platelet factor XIII-mediated crosslinking between platelet alpha 2AP and platelet fibrin(ogen). Specific inhibition (by a monoclonal antibody) of the alpha 2AP associated with washed platelet aggregates accelerated the fibrinolysis of the platelet aggregate. Thus in platelet-rich plasma clots, and in thrombin-induced platelet aggregates, platelet factor XIII actively formed alpha 2AP-fibrin crosslinks, which appeared to enhance the resistance of platelet-rich clots to fibrinolysis.

  12. Using autologous platelet-rich plasma for the treatment of complex fistulas

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    Almudena Moreno-Serrano

    Full Text Available Objective: This study aims to demonstrate the effectiveness and safety of autologous fibrin gel rich in platelet growth factors for the treatment of complex perianal fistulas. Material and methods: Prospective epidemiological study. Patients with complex perianal fistula or perianal fistula mere alteration of continence are included. identification of both holes and the journey, curettage of it and instillation of Vivostat PRF® in the way it is done to observe excess material by OFE. The variables analyzed were: age, sex, use of prior Seton clinic prevalent type of fistula, postoperative complications, fistula closure and impaired quality of life using the SF-36 test (v2. Results: From January 2011 to May 2013 have involved 23 patients, 12 men and 11 women, with an average age of 49 years and a minimum follow-up of 12 months. Two dropped out. 17 patients had low transsphincteric fistulas, 2 and 2 high transsphincteric intersphincteric with impaired continence. The most common symptom is the discharge. Twelve patients had a loose seton (62%, of which nine cured. Of all the patients we have operated the success rate is 62%. No patient developed incontinence after treatment. Only two reported a worse quality of life after surgery. Conclusion: This study demonstrates that there is a clear benefit to the use of Vivostat PRF® as a treatment for complex perianal fistulas. It is a highly reproducible technique with acceptable results and does not produce impairment of continence.

  13. Comparative clinical evaluation of coronally advanced flap with or without platelet rich fibrin membrane in the treatment of isolated gingival recession

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    Murugan Thamaraiselvan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: The aim of this study was to determine whether the addition of an autologous platelet rich fibrin (PRF membrane to a coronally advanced flap (CAF would improve the clinical outcome in terms of root coverage, in the treatment of isolated gingival recession. Materials and Methods: Systemically healthy 20 subjects each with single Miller′s class I or II buccal recession defect were randomly assigned to control (CAF or test (CAF + PRF group. Clinical outcome was determined by measuring the following clinical parameters such as recession depth (RD, recession width (RW, probing depth (PD, clinical attachment level (CAL, width of keratinized tissue (WKT, gingival thickness (GTH, plaque index (PI, and gingival index (GI at baseline, 3 rd , and 6 th month postsurgery. Results: The root coverage was 65.00 ΁ 44.47% in the control group and 74.16 ΁ 28.98% in the test group at 6 th month, with no statistically significant difference between them. Similarly, CAL, PD, and WKT between the groups were not statistically significant. Conversely, there was statistically significant increase in GTH in the test group. Conclusion: CAF is a predictable treatment for isolated Miller′s class I and II recession defects. The addition of PRF to CAF provided no added advantage in terms of root coverage except for an increase in GTH.

  14. Comparison of Achilles tendon repair techniques in a sheep model using a cross-linked acellular porcine dermal patch and platelet-rich plasma fibrin matrix for augmentation.

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    Sarrafian, Tiffany L; Wang, Hali; Hackett, Eileen S; Yao, Jian Q; Shih, Mei-Shu; Ramsay, Heather L; Turner, A Simon

    2010-01-01

    The primary goal of this study was to evaluate a cross-linked acellular porcine dermal patch (APD), as well as platelet-rich plasma fibrin matrix (PRPFM), for repair of acute Achilles tendon rupture in a sheep model. The 2 surgically transected tendon ends were reapproximated in groups 1 and 2, whereas a gap was left between the tendon ends in group 3. APD was used to reinforce the repair in group 2, and autologous PRPFM was used to fill the gap, which was also reinforced with APD, in group 3. All sheep were humanely euthanized at 24 weeks after the repair, and biomechanical and histological testing were performed. Tensile strength testing showed a statistically significant difference in elongation between the operated limb and the unoperated contralateral limb in groups 1 and 3, but not in group 2. All operated tendons appeared healed with no apparent fibrosis under light and polarized microscopy. In group 1, all surgical separation sites were identifiable, and healing occurred via increasing tendon thickness. In group 2, healing occurred with new tendon fibers across the separation, without increasing tendon thickness in 2 out of 6 animals. Group 3 showed complete bridging of the gap, with no change in tendon thickness in 2 out of 6 animals. In groups 2 and 3, peripheral integration of the APD to tendon fibers was observed. These findings support the use of APD, alone or with PRPFM, to augment Achilles tendon repair in a sheep model.

  15. Platelet-Rich Fibrin-PRF in Dental Implant%富血小板纤维蛋白-PRF在口腔种植中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王少华; 董卫华

    2016-01-01

    Tissue regeneration need growth factors, osteogenic cells, scaffolds and good blood supply. Wherein platelet rich fibrin (platelet-rich fibrin, PRF) platelet rich and various cytokines, with soft and hard tissue regeneration capacity of good promotion. Oral Implantology in patients with clinical situations many alveolar bone defect or lack of, PRF can promote alveolar bone defects, increased alveolar bone, soft tissue implants promote healing, inflammation around the implant treatment.%组织再生需要生长因子﹑成骨相关细胞﹑支架材料和良好的血供。其中富血小板纤维蛋白(platelet-rich fibrin,PRF)富含血小板及各种细胞因子,具有良好的促进软﹑硬组织再生的能力。临床口腔种植患者中有很多牙槽骨缺损或不足的情况﹐PRF可促进牙槽骨缺损修复﹐增高牙槽骨﹐促进种植体周围软组织愈合﹐治疗种植体周围炎。

  16. [Preliminary clinical observation for platelet-rich fibrin in site preservation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Binping; Xu, Pu; Wang, Xiuli; Lu, Liying; Yu, Dou; Wang, Yawen; Cheng, Ya'nan; Zheng, Tongwen

    2015-07-01

    目的:观察后牙区拔牙同期在拔牙窝内充填自体富血小板纤维蛋白(platelet-rich fibrin,PRF)行位点保存,预防牙槽嵴吸收的临床效果。方法:对30例要求拔除后牙区患牙后作牙种植修复的病例,拔牙后即刻在牙槽窝内充填PRF进行位点保存,4~6个月拍摄锥形束CT(cone beam computer tomography,CBCT)观察牙槽骨宽度和高度的变化。结果:后牙区拔牙同期行PRF位点保存术后牙槽骨的宽度和高度与拔牙前比较,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。结论:PRF位点保存技术可以很好地维持后牙区牙槽嵴骨量,为后期的种植提供良好的牙槽骨条件。.

  17. Potential dental pulp revascularization and odonto-/osteogenic capacity of a novel transplant combined with dental pulp stem cells and platelet-rich fibrin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Yong-Jin; Zhao, Yin-Hua; Zhao, Ya-Juan; Liu, Nan-Xia; Lv, Xin; Li, Qiang; Chen, Fa-Ming; Zhang, Min

    2015-08-01

    Our aim is to investigate the cytobiological effects of autologous platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) on dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) and to explore the ectopic and orthotopic possibilities of dental pulp revascularization and pulp-dentin complex regeneration along the root canal cavities of the tooth by using a novel tissue-engineered transplant composed of cell-sheet fragments of DPSCs and PRF granules. Canine DPSCs were isolated and characterized by assaying their colony-forming ability and by determining their cell surface markers and osteogenic/adipogenic differentiation potential. The biological effects of autologous PRF on DPSCs, including cell proliferation, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and odonto-/osteogenic gene expression, were then investigated and quantified. A novel transplant consisting of cell-sheet fragments of DPSCs and PRF granules was adopted to regenerate pulp-dentin-like tissues in the root canal, both subcutaneously in nude mice and in the roots of canines. PRF promoted the proliferation of DPSCs in a dose- and time-dependent manner and induced the differentiation of DPSCs to odonto-/osteoblastic fates by increasing the expression of the Alp, Dspp, Dmp1 and Bsp genes. Transplantation of the DPSC/PRF construct led both to a favorable regeneration of homogeneous and compact pulp-like tissues with abundantly distributed blood capillaries and to the deposition of regenerated dentin along the intracanal walls at 8 weeks post-operation. Thus, the application of DPSC/PRF tissue constructs might serve as a potential therapy in regenerative endodontics for pulp revitalization or revascularization.

  18. Antibacterial Effect of Autologous Platelet-Rich Gel Derived from Subjects with Diabetic Dermal Ulcers In Vitro

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    Lihong Chen

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Autologous platelet-rich gel (APG is an effective method to improve ulcer healing. However, the mechanisms are not clear. This study aimed to investigate the antibacterial effect of APG in vitro. Methods. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP, platelet-poor plasma (PPP and APG were prepared from whole blood of sixteen diabetic patients with dermal ulcers. Antibacterial effects against Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa were evaluated by bacteriostasis assay of APG, PRP, and APG-APO (APG combined with apocynin, with phosphate-buffered saline (PBS and PPP as the control group. Results. (1 Compared to the PBS and PPP, the APG and APG-APO groups showed strong antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus. There was no significant difference (P>0.05 between APG and APG-APO. (2 Compared to PBS, APG, APG-APO, and PRP showed obvious antibacterial effects against Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. No significant difference (P>0.05 was revealed among the three groups. Compared to the PPP group, they did not show antibacterial effect against Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P>0.05. Conclusions. APG has antibacterial effect against Staphylococcus aureus mediated by platelet activation in the diabetic patients with dermal ulcer, and does not present obvious antibacterial effect against Escherichia coli or Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Combination of APG and antibiotics may have synergistic antibacterial effect.

  19. 富血小板纤维蛋白新生诱导骨的组织学观察%Histological observation on new bone induced by platelet-rich fibrin

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    付冬梅; 肖琼; 杨琴秋; 董露; 陈红亮; 孙勇

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND:In previous experiments, we have confirmed that platelet rich fibrin has the ability of osteoinduction, and have conducted a preliminary study on its microstructure and biomechanics. However, little is reported on its histology research. OBJECTIVE:To compare the histological changes after implanting platelet-rich fibrin, Bio-Oss and autologous bone and to analyze the pros and cons of platelet-rich fibrin implantation for repair of bone defects. METHODS: As previously reported, animal models of critical bone defects were established respectively on the bilateral femoral condyles of 12 beagle dogs. Then, platelet-rich fibrin, Bio-Oss+colagen membrane (Bio-Oss group) and autologous bone (autologous bone group)+colagen membrane were respectively implanted. At 3, 6, 8 and 12 months, one experimental dog from each group was kiled, respectively, and histological observation was performed. Another beagle dog as blank control was enroled to establish the animal model of critical bone defects, with no implantation. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:At 3, 6, 8 and 12 months after implantation, there were significant differences in the new bone formation speed and amount between the platelet-rich fibrin group, Bio-Oss group and autologous bone group. These three kinds of bone grafts al had osteoinductive ability to different extents. In the platelet-rich fibrin group, the osteogenic effects were better at 3 and 6 months, and the new bone was similar to natural one; in the autologuos bone group, bone necrosis was noticeable at 3 and 6 months, but the osteogenic effects became better at 8 months, and the new bone was similar to natural one at 12 months; in the Bio-oss group, the osteogenic effects were similar to those in the platelet-rich fibrin group, but the residual of Bio-oss was visible at 12 months; in the blank control group, no bone formed at 3 months, indicating the animal model of critical bone defects was made successfuly. In brief, the platelet-rich fibrin has good

  20. Combination of platelet rich fibrin, hydroxyapatite and PRF membrane in the management of large inflammatory periapical lesion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shivashankar, Vasundara Yayathi; Johns, Dexton Antony; Vidyanath, S; Sam, George

    2013-05-01

    Periapical inflammatory lesion is the local response of bone around the apex of tooth that develops after the necrosis of the pulp tissue or extensive periodontal disease. The final outcome of the nature of wound healing after endodontic surgery can be repair or regeneration depending on the nature of the wound; the availability of progenitor cells; signaling molecules; and micro-environmental cues such as adhesion molecules, extracellular matrix, and associated non-collagenous protein molecules. The purpose of this case report is to add knowledge to the existing literature about the combined use of graft material [platelet rich fibrin (PRF) and hydroxyapatite (HA)] and barrier membrane in the treatment of large periapical lesion. A periapical endodontic surgery was performed on a 45 year old male patient with a swelling in the upper front teeth region and a large bony defect radiologically. The surgical defect was filled with a combination of PRF and HA bone graft crystals. The defect was covered by PRF membrane and sutured. Clinical examination revealed uneventful wound healing. Radiologically the HA crystals have been completely replaced by new bone at the end of 2 years. On the basis of the results obtained in our case report, we hypothesize that the use of PRF in conjunction with HA crystals might have accelerated the resorption of the graft crystals and would have induced the rapid rate of bone formation.

  1. Platelet-rich fibrin as an adjunct to palatal wound healing after harvesting a free gingival graft: A case series

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    Mihir Raghavendra Kulkarni

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Owing to its stimulatory effect on angiogenesis and epithelialization, platelet-rich fibrin (PRF is an excellent material for enhancing wound healing. The use of PRF dressings may be a simple and effective method of reducing the morbidity associated with donor sites of autogenous free gingival grafts (FGGs. The purpose of this case series is to document the beneficial role of PRF in the healing of FGG donor sites. Materials and Methods: A total of 18 patients treated with FGGs could be classified into two groups. PRF was prepared, compressed and used to dress the palatal wound followed by a periodontal pack in one group (10 patients and only a periodontal pack was used in the other group (8 patients. Post-operative healing was assessed clinically at 7, 14 and 21 days and the morbidity was assessed qualitatively by an interview. Results: Sites where PRF was used showed complete wound closure by 14 days and these patients reported lesser post-operative morbidity than patients in whom PRF was not used. Conclusions: PRF as a dressing is an effective method of enhancing the healing of the palatal donor site and consequently reducing the post-operative morbidity.

  2. Platelet Rich Fibrin in double lateral sliding bridge flap procedure for gingival recession coverage: An original study

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    Vijayalakshmi Rajaram

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Gingival recession is a common occurrence in periodontal disease leading to an unaesthetic appearance of the gingiva. The effect of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF, when used along with double lateral sliding bridge flap (DLSBF, remains unknown. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of PRF in conjunction with DLSBF for multiple gingival recessions. Materials and Methods: Twenty systemically healthy individuals exhibiting Grade II gingival recession on their mandibular central incisors were recruited in this study. These patients were randomly assigned into two groups: DLSBF and PRF + DLSBF. The clinical parameters that were evaluated in this study were gingiva recession height, gingiva recession width, width of keratinized gingiva, clinical attachment level, and probing depth. PRF was procured from the patient's blood at the time of the surgery and used for the procedure. The follow-up was performed at 12 and 24 weeks postsurgery. Results: Statistically significant difference was observed between the clinical parameters at baseline and 12 and 24 weeks within the groups. There was no statistically significant difference, between the groups. Mean root coverage (RC was 80% ±29.1% in the DLSBF group and 78.8% ±37.6% in the DLSBF + PRF group with no statistically significant difference. Conclusion: From the results obtained in this study, the addition of PRF to DLSBF gives no additional benefits to the clinical parameters measured in RC.

  3. Leukocyte inclusion within a platelet rich plasma-derived fibrin scaffold stimulates a more pro-inflammatory environment and alters fibrin properties.

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    Eduardo Anitua

    Full Text Available One of the main differences among platelet-rich plasma (PRP products is the inclusion of leukocytes that may affect the biological efficacy of these autologous preparations. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether the addition of leukocytes modified the morphological, biomechanical and biological properties of PRP under normal and inflammatory conditions. The release of pro-inflammatory cytokines from plasma rich in growth factors (PRGF and leukocyte-platelet rich plasma (L-PRP scaffolds was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA and was significantly increased under an inflammatory condition when leukocytes were included in the PRP. Fibroblasts and osteoblasts treated with L-PRP, under an inflammatory situation, underwent a greater activation of NFĸB pathway, proliferated significantly less and secreted a higher concentration of pro-inflammatory cytokines. These cellular events were assessed through Western blot and fluorimetric and ELISA methods, respectively. Therefore, the inclusion of leukocytes induced significantly higher pro-inflammatory conditions.

  4. 富血小板纤维蛋白的研究进展%Research Progress on Platelet-Rich Fibrin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐海燕; 刘斌; 安然

    2015-01-01

    富血小板纤维蛋白(Platelet-Rich Fibrin,PRF)是一种富含细胞因子和生长因子的自体来源的新型生物材料,被誉为新一代血小板浓缩物.本文就PRF的生物学特点及其医学研究作用作一综述.

  5. Updates of Choukroun's platelet-rich fibrin in dental implant bone defect%Choukroun富血小板纤维蛋白在口腔种植骨缺损中的研究与进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许丰伟; 柳忠豪

    2012-01-01

    背景:近年来,Choukroun富血小板纤维蛋白作为一种富含自体细胞因子和生长因子的新型生物材料,在口腔种植骨缺损的临床应用中受到了广泛关注.目的:就富血小板纤维蛋白的实验及临床研究进展进行综述.方法:由第一作者应用计算机检索PubMed数据库及中国期刊网全文数据库2000-01/2011-12有关富血小板纤维蛋白生物学特性、实验研究以及临床应用等方面的文章,英文检索词为"choukroun's platelet-rich fibrin,platelet-rich plasma,dental implant,bone defect,GBR",中文检索词为"富血小板纤维蛋白,富血小板血浆,口腔种植,骨缺损,引导骨再生".排除重复性研究,共保留30篇文献进行综述.结果与结论:富血小板纤维蛋白由纤维蛋白网、血小板及粒细胞等组成,是目前较为先进的一种富含成骨作用因子的血液制品.具有制备过程操作简单、不需要添加其他制剂的特点,同时还有效模拟生理状态下血凝块中纤维蛋白的形成,与人体正常血凝块中的纤维蛋白相似,并很好地避免了免疫排斥和交叉感染的发生.在实验研究及临床应用中均显示了很好的促进组织愈合的能力.加之其成本低廉、取材方便等优点,在今后的口腔种植领域将得到越来越多的关注.%BACKGROUND: Recently, Choukroun's platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) is known as a rich source of autologous cytokines and growth factors, and special attention is paid as a new biomaterial in dental implant bone defect application.OBJECTIVE: To review experiments and clinical researches of the PRF.METHODS: A computer-based retrieval was performed by the first author in the CNKI and PubMed databases to search papers published between January 2000 and December 2011 with the key words of “Choukroun's platelet-rich fibrin, Platelet-rich plasma,dental implant, bone defect, GBR” in Chinese and English. According to inclusion and exclusion criteria, 30 papers were

  6. Use of autologous platelet - Rich plasma in the treatment of intrabony defects

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    Sharath K Shetty

    2009-01-01

    Treatment of intrabony defects by autologous PRP gel alone caused significant soft tissue clinical improvement as well as hard tissue defect fill as evidenced by SSD view in spiral computed tomography.

  7. Role of the autologous mesenchymal stem cells compared with platelet rich plasma on cicatrization of cutaneous wounds in diabetic mice

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    Napoleão M. Argolo Neto

    Full Text Available Abstract: Chronic cutaneous lesions affect 15% of diabetic human patients and represent a risk 15 to 46 times larger of limb amputations compared to people with normal glycemia. It is assumed that half of these amputations could be prevented by early treatment of wounds, for example, with proper cell therapy. Objectives: In this study, the action of the autologous transplant of mesenchymal stem-cells (MSC was evaluated compared to the treatment with autologous platelet rich plasma (PRP in the cicatrization of cutaneous lesions induced in diabetic mice. These animals were previously treated with streptozootocin to induce diabetes mellitus and round wounds of 1.5cm in diameter were created in the posterior region. Diameters of the wounds and healing time were evaluated during 30 days and the results were submitted to variance analysis and Tukey's test average. It was noticed that the animals treated with MSC presented a more accelerated cicatrization of the cutaneous lesion than the animals treated with PRP. However, the treatment with PRP presented better results than just the daily asepsis of the lesions with saline or covering them with semi-permeable bandage. Besides, the use of semi-permeable bandage kept the cutaneous lesions of diabetic mice did not interfere negatively with cicatrization, proved to be harmless to use, but kept the cutaneous lesions more hydrated than the ones exposed to the environment.

  8. Efficacy of autologous platelet-rich plasma in the treatment of chronic nonhealing leg ulcers

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    Shwetha Suryanarayan

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Aim: The aim was to evaluate the efficacy of platelet-rich plasma (PRP in the treatment of chronic nonhealing ulcers. Methods: A nonrandomized, uncontrolled study was performed on 24 patients with 33 nonhealing ulcers of various etiologies. All patients were treated with PRP at weekly intervals for a maximum of 6 treatments. At the end of the 6-week period, reduction in size of the ulcers (area and volume was assessed. Results: The mean age of the patients was 42.5 years (standard deviation [SD] 12.48. Of 33 ulcers, there were 19 venous ulcers, 7 traumatic ulcers, 2 ulcers secondary to pyoderma gangrenosum, 2 diabetic ulcers, 2 trophic ulcers, and 1 vasculitic ulcer. The mean duration of healing of the ulcers was 5.6 weeks (SD 3.23. The mean percentage of reduction in area and volume of the ulcers was 91.7% (SD 18.4% and 95% (SD 14%, respectively. About 100% resolution in the area was seen in 25 (76% of the ulcers and 100% reduction in volume was seen in 24 (73% of the ulcers at the end of the 6th treatment. Conclusion: Conventional therapies do not provide satisfactory healing for chronic nonhealing ulcers as they are not able to provide the necessary growth factors (GFs (platelet-derived GF, epidermal GF, vascular endothelial GF, etc. which are essential for the healing process. PRP is a safe, affordable, biocompatible, and simple office-based procedure for the treatment of nonhealing ulcers.

  9. Platelet Rich Fibrin (P.R.F. in Reconstructive Surgery of Atrophied Maxillary Bones: Clinical and Histological Evaluations

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    Marco Tatullo, Massimo Marrelli, Michele Cassetta, Andrea Pacifici, Luigi Vito Stefanelli, Salvatore Scacco, Gianna Dipalma, Luciano Pacifici, Francesco Inchingolo

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Maxillary bone losses often require additional regenerative procedures: as a supplement to the procedures of tissue regeneration, a platelet concentrate called PRF (Platelet Rich Fibrin was tested for the first time in France by Dr. Choukroun.Aim of the present study is to investigate, clinically and histologically, the potential use of PRF, associated with deproteinized bovine bone (Bio-Oss, as grafting materials in pre-implantology sinus grafting of severe maxillary atrophy, in comparison with a control group, in which only deproteinized bovine bone (Bio-Oss was used as reconstructive material.Materials and Methods. 60 patients were recruited using the cluster-sampling method; inclusion criteria were maxillary atrophy with residual ridge < 5mm. The major atrophies in selected patients involved sinus-lift, with a second-look reopening for the implant insertion phase. The used grafting materials were: a Bio-Oss and b amorphous and membranous PRF together with Bio-Oss. We performed all operations by means of piezosurgery in order to reduce trauma and to optimize the design of the operculum on the cortical bone. The reopening of the surgical area was scheduled at 3 different times.Results. 72 sinus lifts were performed with subsequent implants insertions.We want to underline how the histological results proved that the samples collected after 106 days (Early protocol with the adding of PRF were constituted by lamellar bone tissue with an interposed stroma that appeared relaxed and richly vascularized.Conclusions. The use of PRF and piezosurgery reduced the healing time, compared to the 150 days described in literature, favoring optimal bone regeneration. At 106 days, it is already possible to achieve good primary stability of endosseous implants, though lacking of functional loading.

  10. Effects of Plasma Rich in Growth Factors and Platelet-Rich Fibrin on Proliferation and Viability of Human Gingival Fibroblasts

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    Surena Vahabi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: Platelet preparations are commonly used to enhance bone and soft tissue regeneration. Considering the existing controversies on the efficacy of platelet products for tissue regeneration, more in vitro studies are required. The aim of the present study was to compare the in vitro effects of plasma rich in growth factors (PRGF and platelet-rich fibrin (PRF on proliferation and viability of human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs.Materials and Methods: Anitua's PRGF and Choukran's PRF were prepared according to the standard protocols. After culture periods of 24, 48 and 72 hours, proliferation of HGFs was evaluated by the methyl thiazol tetrazolium assay. Statistical analysis was performed using one-way ANOVA followed by Tukey-Kramer’s multiple comparisons and P-values<0.05 were considered statistically significant.Results: PRGF treatment induced statistically significant (P<0.001 proliferation of HGF cells compared to the negative control (100% viability at 24, 48 and 72 hours in values of 123%±2.25%, 102%±2.8% and 101%±3.92%, respectively. The PRF membrane treatment of HGF cells had a statistically significant effect on cell proliferation (21%±1.73%, P<0.001 at 24 hours compared to the negative control. However, at 48 and 72 hours after treatment, PRF had a negative effect on HGF cell proliferation and caused 38% and 60% decrease in viability and proliferation compared to the negative control, respectively. The HGF cell proliferation was significantly higher in PRGF than in PRF group (P< 0.001.Conclusion: This study demonstrated that PRGF had a strong stimulatory effect on HGF cell viability and proliferation compared to PRF.

  11. Effect of platelet-rich plasma and fibrin glue on healing of critical-size calvarial bone defects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Findikcioglu, Kemal; Findikcioglu, Fulya; Yavuzer, Reha; Elmas, Cigdem; Atabay, Kenan

    2009-01-01

    Despite the insufficient number of experimental studies, platelet-rich plasma (PRP) including high amounts of growth factors is introduced to clinical use rapidly. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of PRP and platelet-poor plasma (PPP) on healing of critical-size bone defects.Bilateral full-thickness, critical-size bone defects were created in the parietal bones of 32 rabbits, which had been studied in 4 groups. Saline, thrombin solution, PPP, and PRP were applied to the created defects before closure. Radiologic defect area measurement results at 0, 4, and 16 weeks were compared between the groups. In addition, densities of the newly formed bones at 16th week were studied. Histologic parameters (primary and secondary bone trabecula, neovascularization, and bone marrow and connective tissue formation) were compared between 4- and 16-week groups.More rapid decrease in defect size was observed in groups 3 and 4 than in groups 1 and 2, both in the 4th and 16th weeks. Newly formed bone densities were also found to be higher in these 2 groups. New bone formation was detected to be more rapid considering histologic parameters, in groups 3 and 4 at 4th and 16th weeks.Study demonstrates that PRP and PPP might have favorable effects on bone healing. Although we cannot reveal any statistical difference between these 2 substances considering osteoinductive potential, PRP group has demonstrated superior results compared with fibrin glue group. Higher platelet concentrations may expose beneficial effects of PRP.

  12. 富血小板纤维蛋白在口腔医学中的应用%The application of platelet-rich fibrin in oral medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑友丽; 张国志

    2013-01-01

    富血小板纤维蛋白(PRF)是继富血小板血浆之后的第二代血小板浓缩制品,其制备简单,经济方便,且具有良好的促进软、硬组织再生的能力,在口腔医学基础和临床研究中有广泛应用.本文结合国内外文献,对PRF的制备方法、生物学特性及其在口腔医学中的应用作一综述.%The platelet-rich fibrin is the second-generation platelet concentrate products following the platelet-rich plasma.It has the advantage of simple preparation,economical,convenient,and it is able to promote the regeneration of soft and hard tissues.Therefore,it has been widely use in the stomatology basic and clinical research.In this paper,we reviewed the preparation methods,biological characteristics of platelet-rich fibrin and its application in oral medicine combining domestic and foreign literature.

  13. Simultaneous implant placement and bone regeneration around dental implants using tissue-engineered bone with fibrin glue, mesenchymal stem cells and platelet-rich plasma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ito, Kenji; Yamada, Yoichi; Naiki, Takahito; Ueda, Minoru

    2006-10-01

    This study was undertaken to evaluate the use of tissue-engineered bone as grafting material for alveolar augmentation with simultaneous implant placement. Twelve adult hybrid dogs were used in this study. One month after the extraction of teeth in the mandible region, bone defects on both sides of the mandible were induced using a trephine bar with a diameter of 10 mm. Dog mesenchymal stem cells (dMSCs) were obtained via iliac bone biopsy and cultured for 4 weeks before implantation. After installing the dental implants, the defects were simultaneously implanted with the following graft materials: (i) fibrin, (ii) dMSCs and fibrin (dMSCs/fibrin), (iii) dMSCs, platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and fibrin (dMSCs/PRP/fibrin) and (iv) control (defect only). The implants were assessed by histological and histomorphometric analysis, 2, 4 and 8 weeks after implantation. The implants exhibited varying degrees of bone-implant contact (BIC). The BIC was 17%, 19% and 29% (control), 20%, 22% and 25% (fibrin), 22%, 32% and 42% (dMSCs/fibrin) and 25%, 49% and 53% (dMSCs/PRP/fibrin) after 2, 4 and 8 weeks, respectively. This study suggests that tissue-engineered bone may be of sufficient quality for predictable enhancement of bone regeneration around dental implants when used simultaneous by with implant placement.

  14. Effects of Autologous Platelets Rich Plasma on Full-thickness Cutaneous Wounds Healing in Goats

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    A.H. AL-Bayati

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This investigation was designed to evaluate the role of Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP on healing of experimentally wounded skin in ten adult bucks, aged 2-3 years and weighing 25-30 kg. The animals divided randomly and equally into (control and treatment groups. Four of 3×3 cm of full-thickness square cutaneous wounds was induced on both sides of the lateral thoracic region of each animal under the effect of local anesthetic proceeding by xylazine hydrochloride as a sedative. A pair of left wounds was treated by injection with 5 mL of autonomous PRP (treatment group, 2 mm lateral to the wound edges and in the wound center. While, the right wound were injected by 5 mL of sterile saline by the same procedure (control group. Each group was divided into five subgroups (four wounds of each, for morph metrical and histopathological evaluations of wound healing process represented by percent of wound contraction, epithelialization and total healing at 3, 7, 14, 21 and 28 days post-wounding. The morphometrical appearance of the wounds which treated with PRP, showed that the contraction, re-epithelialization and healing percent were statically significant (p<0.05 in comparison with control wounds during four weeks study. Based on histopathological results, there was re-epithelialization of epidermis, with highly cellular granulation tissue, well differentiated keratinocytes of epidermis with scar formation in the dermis of the sectioned skin. We conclude that local injection of PRP leads to accelerate and improvement of wound healing in comparison to control wounds.

  15. Use of second-generation platelet concentrate (platelet-rich fibrin and hydroxyapatite in the management of large periapical inflammatory lesion: A computed tomography scan analysis

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    Hemalatha Hiremath

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Periapical surgery is required when periradicular pathosis associated with endodontically treated teeth cannot be resolved by nonsurgical root canal therapy (retreatment, or when retreatment was unsuccessful, not feasible or contraindicated. Endodontic failures can occur when irritants remain within the confines of the root canal, or when an extraradicular infection cannot be eradicated by orthograde root canal treatment. Foreign-body responses toward filling materials, toward cholesterol crystals or radicular cysts, might prevent complete periapical healing. We present here a case report wherein, combination of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF and the hydroxyapatite graft was used to achieve faster healing of the large periapical lesion. Healing was observed within 8 months, which were confirmed by computed tomography, following improved bone density. PRF has many advantages over platelet-rich plasma. It provides a physiologic architecture that is very favorable to the healing process, which is obtained due to the slow polymerization process.

  16. Use of second-generation platelet concentrate (platelet-rich fibrin) and hydroxyapatite in the management of large periapical inflammatory lesion: a computed tomography scan analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hiremath, Hemalatha; Motiwala, Tejas; Jain, Pradeep; Kulkarni, Sadanand

    2014-01-01

    Periapical surgery is required when periradicular pathosis associated with endodontically treated teeth cannot be resolved by nonsurgical root canal therapy (retreatment), or when retreatment was unsuccessful, not feasible or contraindicated. Endodontic failures can occur when irritants remain within the confines of the root canal, or when an extraradicular infection cannot be eradicated by orthograde root canal treatment. Foreign-body responses toward filling materials, toward cholesterol crystals or radicular cysts, might prevent complete periapical healing. We present here a case report wherein, combination of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) and the hydroxyapatite graft was used to achieve faster healing of the large periapical lesion. Healing was observed within 8 months, which were confirmed by computed tomography, following improved bone density. PRF has many advantages over platelet-rich plasma. It provides a physiologic architecture that is very favorable to the healing process, which is obtained due to the slow polymerization process.

  17. Current knowledge and perspectives for the use of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) in oral and maxillofacial surgery part 2: Bone graft, implant and reconstructive surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simonpieri, Alain; Del Corso, Marco; Vervelle, Alain; Jimbo, Ryo; Inchingolo, Francesco; Sammartino, Gilberto; Dohan Ehrenfest, David M

    2012-06-01

    Platelet concentrates for surgical use are innovative tools of regenerative medicine, and were widely tested in oral and maxillofacial surgery. Unfortunately, the literature on the topic is contradictory and the published data are difficult to sort and interpret. In bone graft, implant and reconstructive surgery, the literature is particularly dense about the use of the various forms of Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) - Pure Platelet-Rich Plasma (P-PRP) or Leukocyte- and Platelet-Rich Plasma (L-PRP) - but still limited about Platelet-Rich Fibrin (PRF) subfamilies. In this second article, we describe and discuss the current published knowledge about the use of PRP and PRF during implant placement (particularly as surface treatment for the stimulation of osseointegration), the treatment of peri-implant bone defects (after peri-implantitis, during implantation in an insufficient bone volume or during immediate post-extraction or post-avulsion implantation), the sinuslift procedures and various complex implant-supported treatments. Other potential applications of the platelet concentrates are also highlighted in maxillofacial reconstructive surgery, for the treatment of patients using bisphosphonates, anticoagulants or with post-tumoral irradiated maxilla. Finally, we particularly insist on the perspectives in this field, through the description and illustration of the use of L-PRF (Leukocyte- and Platelet-Rich Fibrin) clots and membranes during the regeneration of peri-implant bone defects, during the sinus-lift procedure and during complex implant-supported rehabilitations. The use of L-PRF allowed to define a new therapeutic concept called the Natural Bone Regeneration (NBR) for the reconstruction of the alveolar ridges at the gingival and bone levels. As it is illustrated in this article, the NBR principles allow to push away some technical limits of global implant-supported rehabilitations, particularly when combined with other powerful biotechnological tools

  18. An Evaluation of the Accuracy of the Subtraction Method Used for Determining Platelet Counts in Advanced Platelet-Rich Fibrin and Concentrated Growth Factor Preparations

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    Taisuke Watanabe

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Platelet concentrates should be quality-assured of purity and identity prior to clinical use. Unlike for the liquid form of platelet-rich plasma, platelet counts cannot be directly determined in solid fibrin clots and are instead calculated by subtracting the counts in other liquid or semi-clotted fractions from those in whole blood samples. Having long suspected the validity of this method, we herein examined the possible loss of platelets in the preparation process. Blood samples collected from healthy male donors were immediately centrifuged for advanced platelet-rich fibrin (A-PRF and concentrated growth factors (CGF according to recommended centrifugal protocols. Blood cells in liquid and semi-clotted fractions were directly counted. Platelets aggregated on clot surfaces were observed by scanning electron microscopy. A higher centrifugal force increased the numbers of platelets and platelet aggregates in the liquid red blood cell fraction and the semi-clotted red thrombus in the presence and absence of the anticoagulant, respectively. Nevertheless, the calculated platelet counts in A-PRF/CGF preparations were much higher than expected, rendering the currently accepted subtraction method inaccurate for determining platelet counts in fibrin clots. To ensure the quality of solid types of platelet concentrates chairside in a timely manner, a simple and accurate platelet-counting method should be developed immediately.

  19. The effect of autologous platelet-rich plasma on bronchial stump tissue granulation after pneumonectomy: experimental study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spartalis, Eleftherios; Tomos, Periklis; Konofaos, Petros; Karagkiouzis, Grigorios; Levidou, Georgia; Kavantzas, Nikolaos; Pantopoulou, Alkistis; Michail, Othon; Perrea, Despina; Kouraklis, Gregory

    2013-12-16

    Objectives. Recent advances in perioperative management, antibiotics, and surgical materials, including mechanical staplers, have decreased the operative risk of pulmonary resection. However, bronchopleural fistula can still occur in some instances, the occurrence often being lethal. This study investigated whether platelet-rich plasma (PRP) promotes granulation of the bronchial stump after pneumonectomy. Methods. Ten pigs were randomized into two groups: (A) control or non-PRP group (pneumonectomy) and (B) PRP group (pneumonectomy and PRP application). PRP was obtained by spinning down the animal's own blood and collecting the buffy coat containing platelets and white blood cells. Results. Increased platelet concentration triggered the healing process. The percentage of granulation tissue formed at the stumps was significantly higher in the PRP group of animals. This observation was confirmed when statistical analysis using Mann-Whitney U test was performed (P = 0.0268). Conclusions. PRP is easily produced with minimal basic equipment and is useful in accelerating granulation of the bronchial stump, although the timing and optimum number of applications in humans require further study. Autologous PRP is a safe, feasible, and reliable new healing promoter with potential therapeutic effects.

  20. A contemporary approach for treatment planning of horizontally resorbed alveolar ridge: Ridge split technique with simultaneous implant placement using platelet rich fibrin membrane application in mandibular anterior region.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parthiban, Prathahini S; Lakshmi, R Vijaya; Mahendra, Jaideep; Sreekumar, K; Namasivayam, Ambalavanan

    2017-01-01

    Treatment of edentulous sites with horizontal atrophy represents a clinical situation in which the positioning of endosseous implants might be complex or sometimes impossible without a staged regenerative approach. This case report presents management of horizontally deficient mandibular anterior ridge with a contemporary approach to treatment planning and application of platelet-rich fibrin membrane for ridge split technique and simultaneous implant placement. Implants in anterior mandibular area are considered to be most predictable, stable, with high success rate and patients' satisfaction with implant esthetics. In contrast to traditional ridge augmentation techniques, ridge splitting allows for immediate implant placement following surgery and eradicates the possible morbidity from a second surgical site.

  1. Clinical application of platelet-rich fibrin by the application of the Double J technique during implant placement in alveolar bone defect areas: case reports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Jin-Son; Jeong, Moon-Hwan; Jo, Ji-Ho; Kim, Su-Gwan; Oh, Ji-Su

    2013-06-01

    Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) belongs to a new generation of platelet concentrates, with simplified processing and without biochemical blood handling. PRF releases growth factors and matrix glycoproteins. In this study, the Double J technique was used. The Double J technique, which uses centrifuged venous blood that is sampled using 2 different types of DB vacutainers, is a procedure that covers the PRF matrix obtained from 1 of the DB vacutainers on transplanted osseous coagulum, which is obtained using the plasma layer and buffering layer from the second DB vacutainer. Two cases were reported because clinically valid results were obtained. Additional studies are definitely warranted.

  2. Effects of Platelet-Rich Plasma & Platelet-Rich Fibrin with and without Stromal Cell-Derived Factor-1 on Repairing Full-Thickness Cartilage Defects in Knees of Rabbits

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bahmanpour, Soghra; Ghasemi, Maryam; Sadeghi-Naini, Mohsen; Kashani, Iraj Ragerdi

    2016-01-01

    Background: The purpose of this study was to create biomaterial scaffolds like platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) containing stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF1) as a chemokine to induce hyaline cartilage regeneration of rabbit knee in a full thickness defect. Methods: We created a full thickness defect in the trochlear groove of thirty-six bilateral knees of eighteen mature male rabbits. The knees were randomly divided into six groups (group I: untreated control, group II: PRP, group III: PRF, group IV: Gelatin+SDF1, group V: PRP+SDF1, and group VI: PRF+SDF1). After four weeks, the tissue specimens were evaluated by macroscopic examination and histological grading, immunofluorescent staining for collagen type II, and analyzed for cartilage marker genes by real-time PCR. The data were compared using statistical methods (SPSS 20, Kruskal-Wallis test, Bonferroni post hoc test and P<0.05). Results: Macroscopic evaluations revealed that international cartilage repair society (ICRS) scores of the PRF+SDF1 group were higher than other groups. Microscopic analysis showed that the ICRS score of the PRP group was significantly lower than other groups. Immunofluorescent staining for collagen II demonstrated a remarkable distribution of type II collagen in the Gel+SDF1, PRP+SDF1 and PRF+SDF1 groups compared with other groups. Real-time PCR analysis revealed that mRNA expression of SOX9 and aggrecan were significantly greater in the PRF+SDF1, PRP+SDF1, Gel+SDF1 and PRF groups than the control group (P<0.05). Conclusion: Our results indicate that implantation of PRF scaffold containing SDF1 led to the greatest evaluation scores of full-thickness lesions in rabbits. PMID:27853331

  3. A split mouth randomized controlled study to evaluate the adjunctive effect of platelet-rich fibrin to coronally advanced flap in Miller′s class-I and II recession defects

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    Rajan Padma

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: There are various techniques developed to treat the exposed roots, a recent innovation in dentistry is the use of second generation platelet concentrate which is an autologous platelet-rich fibrin gel (PRF with growth factors and cicatricial properties for root coverage procedures. Therefore, the present research was undertaken to study the additional benefits of PRF when used along with coronally advanced flap (CAF. Materials and Methods: Total of 15 systemically healthy subjects presenting bilateral isolated Miller′s class I and II recession were enrolled into the study. Each patient was randomly treated with a combination of CAF along with a platelet-rich fibrin (PRF membrane on the test site and CAF alone on the control site. Recession depth, clinical attachment level (CAL, and width of keratinized gingiva (WKG were compared with baseline at 1, 3, and 6 months between test and control sites. Results: Mean percentage root coverage in the test group after 1, 3, and 6 months was 34.58, 70.73, and 100, respectively. Differences between the control and test groups were statistically significant. This study also showed a statistically significant increase in WKG in the test group (2.94 ± 0.77 at baseline to 5.38 ± 1.67 at 6 months. Conclusion: CAF is a predictable treatment for isolated Miller′s class I and II recession defects. The addition of PRF membrane with CAF provides superior root coverage with additional benefits of gain in CAL and WKG at 6 months postoperatively.

  4. Symptomatic knee osteoarthritis treatment using autologous adipose derived stem cells and platelet-rich plasma: a clinical study

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    Phuc Van Pham

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Osteoarthritis is one of the most common diseases, and it affects 12% of the population around the world. Although the disease is chronic, it significantly reduces the patient's quality of life. At present, stem cell therapy is considered to be an efficient approach for treating this condition. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs show the most potential for stem cell therapy of osteoarthritis. In fact, MSCs can differentiate into certain mesodermal tissues such as cartilage and bone. Therefore, in the present study, we applied adipose tissue-derived MSCs to osteoarthritis treatment. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical efficiency of autologous adipose tissue-derived MSC transplantation in patients with confirmed osteoarthritis at grade II and III. Adipose tissue was isolated from the belly, and used for extraction of the stromal vascular fraction (SVF. The SVF was mixed with activated platelet- rich plasma before injection. The clinical efficiencies were evaluated by the pain score (VAS, Lysholm score, and MRI findings. We performed the procedure in 21 cases from 2012 to 2013. All 21 patients showed improved joint function after 8.5 months. The pain score decreased from 7.6+/-0.5 before injection to 3.5+/-0.7 at 3 months and 1.5+/-0.5 at 6 months after injection. The Lysholm score increased from 61+/-11 before injection to 82+/-8.1 after injection. Significant improvements were noted in MRI findings, with increased thickness of the cartilage layer. Moreover, there were no side-effects or complications related to microorganism infection, graft rejection, or tumorigenesis. These results provide a new opportunity for osteoarthritis treatment. Level of evidence: IV. [Biomed Res Ther 2014; 1(1.000: 02-08

  5. 复合PRP的可注射型组织工程骨修复兔桡骨缺损的实验研究%Injectable tissue-engineered bone made of autologous platelet-rich plasma, fibrin glue and BMSCs for repairing segmental radial defect in rabbits

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄爱文; 金丹; 裴国献; 曾宪利; 胡稷杰; 林海宁

    2007-01-01

    目的 以自体富血小板血浆(platelet-rich plasma, PRP)、骨髓基质干细胞(bone marrow stromal cells, BMSCs)和纤维蛋白胶构建可注射型组织工程骨并探讨其修复骨缺损的效果.方法 36只新西兰兔分为A、B、C 3组,每组12只.A、B组动物术前4 h抽取耳背中央动脉血提取PRP. A组于术前1~2个月抽取双髂骨处骨髓并培养出BMSCs,在体外与纤维蛋白胶(FG)及自体PRP构建成可注型组织工程骨,植入自体桡骨1.5 cm节段性骨缺损,为实验组.B、C两组分别植入PRP+FG、FG于同样骨缺损处为对照组.另取4只桡骨同样部位和大小骨缺损旷置作为空白组.术后观察其一般情况并于4、8、12周取材做组织学切片,术后12周取尺桡骨做生物力学测试.分别从组织学观察、生物力学方面评估比较骨缺损的修复情况.结果 组织学观察见A、B组各时间点新骨形成均优于C组.生物力学比较:12周时A组桡骨生物力学强度与正常桡骨比较无明显差异(P>0.05),但其明显优于B组(P<0.05).结论 PRP对骨缺损愈合有明显促进作用,复合PRP的可注射型骨修复材料及构建的含种子细胞的组织工程骨均可修复节段性骨缺损,但种子细胞的添加可明显促进新骨成熟度和增强其生物力学性能.

  6. Platelet-rich plasma gel in combination with Schwann cells for repair of sciatic nerve injury

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fagang Ye; Haiyan Li; Guangxi Qiao; Feng Chen; Hao Tao; Aiyu Ji; Yanling Hu

    2012-01-01

    Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells were isolated from New Zealand white rabbits,culture-expanded and differentiated into Schwann cell-like cells.Autologous platelet-rich plasma and Schwann cell-like cells were mixed in suspension at a density of 1 × 106 cells/mL,prior to introduction into a poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) conduit.Fabricated tissue-engineered nerves were implanted into rabbits to bridge 10 mm sciatic nerve defects (platelet-rich plasma group).Controls were established using fibrin as the seeding matrix for Schwann cell-like cells at identical density to construct tissue-engineered nerves (fibrin group).Twelve weeks after implantation,toluidine blue staining and scanning electron microscopy were used to demonstrate an increase in the number of regenerating nerve fibers and thickness of the myelin sheath in the platelet-rich plasma group compared with the fibrin group.Fluoro-gold retrograde labeling revealed that the number of Fluoro-gold-positive neurons in the dorsal root ganglion and the spinal cord anterior horn was greater in the platelet-rich plasma group than in the fibrin group.Electrophysiological examination confirmed that compound muscle action potential and nerve conduction velocity were superior in the platelet-rich plasma group compared with the fibrin group.These results indicate that autologous platelet-rich plasma gel can effectively serve as a seeding matrix for Schwann cell-like cells to construct tissue-engineered nerves to promote peripheral nerve regeneration.

  7. Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF): a second-generation platelet concentrate. Part III: leucocyte activation: a new feature for platelet concentrates?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dohan, David M; Choukroun, Joseph; Diss, Antoine; Dohan, Steve L; Dohan, Anthony J J; Mouhyi, Jaafar; Gogly, Bruno

    2006-03-01

    Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) belongs to a new generation of platelet concentrates, with simplified processing and without biochemical blood handling. In this third article, we investigate the immune features of this biomaterial. During PRF processing, leucocytes could also secrete cytokines in reaction to the hemostatic and inflammatory phenomena artificially induced in the centrifuged tube. We therefore undertook to quantify 5 significant cell mediators within platelet poor plasma supernatant and PRF clot exudate serum: 3 proinflammatory cytokines (IL-1beta, IL-6, and TNF-alpha), an antiinflammatory cytokine (IL-4), and a key growth promoter of angiogenesis (VEGF). Our data are correlated with that obtained in plasma (nonactivated blood) and in sera (activated blood). These initial analyses revealed that PRF could be an immune regulation node with inflammation retrocontrol abilities. This concept could explain the reduction of postoperative infections when PRF is used as surgical additive.

  8. Amalgamation of allogenic bone graft, platelet-rich fibrin gel, and PRF membrane in auto-transplantation of an impacted central incisor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaudhary, Zainab; Kumar, Yuvika Raj; Mohanty, Sujata; Khetrapal, Ambica

    2015-01-01

    "Social six" teeth refers to the maxillary incisors and canines that play a vital role in the appearance of an individual and absence of any one of them has a significant psycho-social impact. Hence, early treatment and rehabilitation of the same are extremely important. A multitude of treatment options ranging from orthodontic extrusion, extraction followed by implant placement, fixed partial denture, and auto-transplantation have been advocated. This case report discusses the unique amalgamation of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF), demineralized freeze-dried bone graft with use of PRF membrane during auto-transplantation of an impacted central incisor. The authors have focused on maximum usage of autogenous materials in the most economic and least invasive manner. Furthermore, this amalgamation has been used to provide rehabilitation in the least span of time.

  9. Surgical re-entry evaluation of regenerative efficacy of bioactive Gengigel™ and platelet-rich fibrin in the treatment of grade II furcation: A novel approach

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    Gurkirat Kaur Sandhu

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The furcation area creates situations in which routine periodontal procedures are somewhat limited, and surgical procedures are generally required. The introduction of bioactive agents, such as platelet concentrates, enamel matrix derivatives, bone morphogenic proteins, and matrix macromolecules such as hyaluronic acid has expanded the scope for better outcomes in furcation treatment. Hyaluronic acid is a naturally occurring nonsulfated high molecular weight glycosaminoglycan that forms a critical component of the extracellular matrix and contributes significantly to tissue hydrodynamics, cell migration, and proliferation. Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF is an immune and platelet concentrate containing all the constituents of a blood sample, which are favorable for healing and immunity. The purpose of the present case report was to assess through surgical re-entry, the regenerative capacity of Gengigel™ in conjunction with PRF in a patient with grade II furcation defect. It was observed that the combined approach resulted in significant furcation defect fill on re-evaluation at 6 months.

  10. Amalgamation of allogenic bone graft, platelet-rich fibrin gel, and PRF membrane in auto-transplantation of an impacted central incisor

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    Zainab Chaudhary

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available "Social six" teeth refers to the maxillary incisors and canines that play a vital role in the appearance of an individual and absence of any one of them has a significant psycho-social impact. Hence, early treatment and rehabilitation of the same are extremely important. A multitude of treatment options ranging from orthodontic extrusion, extraction followed by implant placement, fixed partial denture, and auto-transplantation have been advocated. This case report discusses the unique amalgamation of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF, demineralized freeze-dried bone graft with use of PRF membrane during auto-transplantation of an impacted central incisor. The authors have focused on maximum usage of autogenous materials in the most economic and least invasive manner. Furthermore, this amalgamation has been used to provide rehabilitation in the least span of time.

  11. Leucocyte-rich and platelet-rich fibrin for the treatment of bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw: a prospective feasibility study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Jin-Woo; Kim, Sun-Jong; Kim, Myung-Rae

    2014-11-01

    Our aim was to assess the feasibility of using leucocyte-rich and platelet-rich fibrin (L-PRF) for the treatment of bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ) in a single group study. After treatment with L-PRF, the response of each patient was recorded 1 month and 4 months postoperatively. Further assessments were made of the site, stage, concentration of c-terminal crosslinked telopepide of type 1 collagen, and actinomycosis. Among the total of 34 patients, 26 (77%) showed complete resolution, 6 (18%) had delayed resolution, and 2 (6%) showed no resolution. There was a significant association between the response to treatment and the stage of BRONJ (p=0.002) but no other significant associations were detected. This study has shown that it is feasible to use L-PRF for the treatment of BRONJ, but the effectiveness cannot be judged with this study design. Randomised prospective trials are needed to confirm this.

  12. One-step apexification in immature tooth using grey mineral trioxide aggregate as an apical barrier and autologus platelet rich fibrin membrane as an internal matrix

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    Kavitarani B Rudagi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Immature teeth with necrotic pulp and periapical lesion are difficult to treat via conventional endodontic therapy. Numerous procedures and materials have been utilized to induce root-end barrier formation. Traditionally, calcium hydroxide has been the material of choice for the apexification of immature permanent teeth; however, Mineral Trioxide Aggregate holds significant promise as an alternative to multiple treatments with calcium hydroxide. One of the technical problems associated with the placement of the restorative materials used as artificial barrier is to prevent overfill and underfill. Using a matrix avoids the extrusion of the material into the periodontal tissues. This case report presents the successful healing and apexification with combined use of Mineral Trioxide Aggregate as an apical barrier, and autologus platelet rich fibrin membrane as an internal matrix.

  13. Chondrogenic Differentiation Capacity of Human Umbilical Cord Mesenchymal Stem Cells with Platelet Rich Fibrin Scaffold in Cartilage Regeneration (In Vitro Study

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    Ni Putu Mira Sumarta

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: Human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cell is a promising source of allogenous MSC with great chondrogenic differentiation capacity. Meanwhile, platelet rich fibrin (PRF is a natural fibrin matrix, rich in growth factors, forming a smooth and flexible fibrin network, supporting cytokines and cell migration, thus can be used as a scaffold that facilitate the differentiation of MSC. However, the differential capability of MSC cultured in PRF was still poorly understood. Method: We studied in vitro differentiation potential of MSC cultured in PRF by evaluating several markers such as FGF 18, Sox 9, type II collagen, aggrecan in 3 different culture medium. Result: The result showed that there was positive expression of FGF 18, Sox 9, type II collagen, aggrecan in all medium of in vitro culture. Conclusion: MSC cultured from human umbilical cord had the capacity of chondrogenic differentiation and able to produce cartilage extracellular matrix in vitro which means that hUCMSC is a potential allogeneic MSC for cartilage regeneration.

  14. The adjuvant use of stromal vascular fraction and platelet-rich fibrin for autologous adipose tissue transplantation%可注射自体脂肪颗粒复合PRF和S VF促进移植脂肪组织再生

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭新颖; 刘斌; 刘彦普; 李龙; 徐海燕; 安然

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨PRF和SVF对自体脂肪颗粒移植的作用,并分析这种可注射复合生物材料的移植效果.方法:健康新西兰家兔24只,分为四组:单纯脂肪组织移植组(2 mL AG+0.2 mL NS)、脂肪颗粒复合富血小板纤维蛋白(2 mL AG+0.2 mL PRF)组、脂肪颗粒复合基质血管成分(2 mL AG+0.2 mL SVF)组和脂肪颗粒复合PRF和SVF[2 mL AG+0.2 mL (SVF+PRF)]组.术后1、3、6月取材,进行大体观察、组织病理学检测、游标卡尺和B超对移植脂肪组织的体积测量.采用SPSS16.0软件,对四组移植脂肪组织的存活率及吸收率进行方差分析并采用LSD法对不同时间点组间进行比较.结果:24周后各组植入脂肪组织的吸收率分别为 AG +NS [(49.4±9.5)%],AG+SVF [(27.2±4.4)%],AG+PRF [(36.4±8.5)%]和AG+SVF+PRF [(17.4±6.2)%],并有显著差异(P<0.01).结论:实验结果表明自体脂肪组织复合PRF和SVF能够促进移植脂肪组织的再生,为临床脂肪组织移植提供一种新的策略.%AIM:This study was to explore the role of PRF and SVF on autologous adipose granule transplant,and analyze the effect of the transplantation of the injectable compound biological material.METHODS:24 healthy New Zealand rabbits were di-vided into four groups:2 ml adipose granules and 0.2 ml normal saline solution (AG+NS group),2 ml adipose granules and 0.2 ml SVF (AG+SVF group),2 ml adipose granules and 0.2 ml PRF (AG+PRF group)or 2 ml adipose granules combined with 0.1 ml SVF and 0.1 ml PRF (AG+SVF+PRF group).1,3,6 months after the operation,each group was taken gross observa-tion,histological examination,and was measured the volume of transplanted adipose tissue by Vernier caliper and B ultrasound. All data collected were expressed as means ±standard deviation (SD).Statistical analysis was performed by One-Way ANOVA and LSD method using SPSS 16

  15. Clinical evaluation and comparison of the efficacy of coronally advanced flap alone and in combination with platelet rich fibrin membrane in the treatment of Miller Class I and II gingival recessions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, Santosh; Banthia, Ruchi; Singh, Pallavi; Banthia, Priyank; Raje, Sapna; Aggarwal, Neha

    2015-01-01

    Background: The aim of this study was to compare the clinical efficacy of coronally advanced flap (CAF) alone and in combination with autologous platelet rich fibrin membrane (PRF) in Miller's class I and II gingival recessions. Materials and Method: Thirty isolated Miller class I or II sites in 26 subjects were randomly divided into test (15 sites- CAF+PRF) and control (15 sites- CAF alone). Parameters probing pocket depth (PPD), Recession depth (RD), Clinical attachment loss (CAL), Keratinised tissue width (KTW) and Gingival tissue thickness (GTH) were evaluated at baseline, 3 months and 6 months postoperatively. Data was subjected to statistical analysis. P< 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Mean percentage root coverage was 91.00±19.98% and 86.60±23.83% for test and control group respectively. Difference between the groups in all parameters at baseline, 3 months and 6 months was non significant. Complete root coverage was obtained in 12 (80%) and 11 (73.3%) subjects in test and control group respectively. The difference was found to be non-significant. Both groups showed significant differences in all parameters at 3 and 6 months respectively except difference in gingival tissue thickness which was non-significant in control group at 3 months. Conclusion: Combination of PRF to CAF procedure did not provide any added advantage in term of recession coverage in Miller class I and II recessions. Long term trials with more sample size are needed to validate these findings. PMID:26097347

  16. Endodontic management of nonvital permanent teeth having immature roots with one step apexification, using mineral trioxide aggregate apical plug and autogenous platelet-rich fibrin membrane as an internal matrix: Case series

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    Vivek Sharma

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available A tooth with blunderbuss canal and open apex can be an endodontic challenge because of difficulty in obtaining an apical seal, and existing thin radicular walls which are susceptible to fracture. To overcome the limitations of traditional long-term calcium hydroxide apexification procedures, nonsurgical one step apexification using an array of materials such as mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA has been suggested. However, adequate compaction of MTA in teeth with wide open apices can be an arduous task, and an internal matrix is required for controlled placement of MTA against which obturating material can be condensed. Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF, a second generation platelet concentrate containing several growth factors that promotes hard and soft-tissue healing, has been used as an internal matrix to create an apical plug of MTA and hence prevent extrusion of filling materials. This case series presents the endodontic management of immature permanent teeth with open apices using internal matrix of autologous PRF membrane and one step apical barrier placement of MTA.

  17. Platelet-rich fibrin for repair of oral soft tissue defects%富血小板纤维蛋白诱导口腔缺损软组织的修复与再生

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王拓; 杨琴秋; 董露; 肖琼; 陈红亮; 孙勇; 钟科

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND:Insufficient oral soft tissues in the implant zone may have a negative effect on the wound healing and the aesthetic restoration in the late stage. Platelet-rich fibrin can promote the wound healing of soft tissue defects. But there is stil a lack of in-depth studies on the promotion of oral soft tissue defects in animal experiments. OBJECTIVE: To compare the repairing effects of platelet-rich fibrin and colagen membrane on soft tissue defects of the hard palate in New Zealand rabbits. METHODS:Fifty-four New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into three groups (n=14 per group): platelet-rich fibrin group, colagen membrane group and blank control group. A 5 mm-diameter circular ful-thickness soft tissue defect was made in the front of the hard palate, 2 mm distant to the rear maxilary incisors and mucosal edge of the bilateral hard palates. Autologous platelet-rich fibrin membrane or colagen membrane were implanted into the defect in the platelet-rich fibrin group and colagen membrane group, respectively. No treatment was given in the blank control group. General observation of the wound and wound healing analysis were performed at days 3, 7, 14, 21, 28, 56 post operation. Hematoxylin-eosin staining, CD31 immunohistochemical staining and Masson staining were used to observe inflammatory reaction, angiogenesis and colagen formation in the surgical site. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:The wound healing rate was fastest in the platelet-rich fibrin group, and no obvious scar formed. At 3 days post operation, there was no difference in the wound healing rates among the three groups; at 7 days, the wound healing rate in the platelet-rich fibrin group was significantly higher than that in the colagen membrane group and blank control group (P   目的:对比观察富血小板纤维蛋白和胶原生物膜修复新西兰兔硬腭软组织缺损的效果。  方法:将54只新西兰兔随机分为3组,分别为富血小板纤维蛋白组、胶原膜

  18. The Effect of Autologous Platelet-Rich Plasma on Bronchial Stump Tissue Granulation after Pneumonectomy: Experimental Study

    OpenAIRE

    Eleftherios Spartalis; Periklis Tomos; Petros Konofaos; Grigorios Karagkiouzis; Georgia Levidou; Nikolaos Kavantzas; Alkistis Pantopoulou; Othon Michail; Despina Perrea; Gregory Kouraklis

    2013-01-01

    Objectives. Recent advances in perioperative management, antibiotics, and surgical materials, including mechanical staplers, have decreased the operative risk of pulmonary resection. However, bronchopleural fistula can still occur in some instances, the occurrence often being lethal. This study investigated whether platelet-rich plasma (PRP) promotes granulation of the bronchial stump after pneumonectomy. Methods. Ten pigs were randomized into two groups: (A) control or non-PRP group (pneumon...

  19. Effect of Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP versus Autologous Whole Blood on Pain and Function Improvement in Tennis Elbow: A Randomized Clinical Trial

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    Seyed Ahmad Raeissadat

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Autologous whole blood and platelet-rich plasma (PRP have been both suggested to treat chronic tennis elbow. The aim of the present study was to compare the effects of PRP versus autologous whole blood local injection in chronic tennis elbow. Methods. Forty patients with tennis elbow were randomly divided into 2 groups. Group 1 was treated with a single injection of 2 mL of autologous PRP and group 2 with 2 mL of autologous blood. Tennis elbow strap, stretching, and strengthening exercises were administered for both groups during a 2-month followup. Pain and functional improvements were assessed using visual analog scale (VAS, modified Mayo Clinic performance index for the elbow, and pressure pain threshold (PPT at 0, 4, and 8 weeks. Results. All pain and functional variables including VAS, PPT, and Mayo scores improved significantly in both groups 4 weeks after injection. No statistically significant difference was noted between groups regarding pain scores in 4-week follow-up examination (P>0.05. At 8-week reevaluations, VAS and Mayo scores improved only in PRP group (P<0.05. Conclusion. PRP and autologous whole blood injections are both effective to treat chronic lateral epicondylitis. PRP might be slightly superior in 8-week followup. However, further studies are suggested to get definite conclusion.

  20. The heat-compression technique for the conversion of platelet-rich fibrin preparation to a barrier membrane with a reduced rate of biodegradation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kawase, Tomoyuki; Kamiya, Mana; Kobayashi, Mito; Tanaka, Takaaki; Okuda, Kazuhiro; Wolff, Larry F; Yoshie, Hiromasa

    2015-05-01

    Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) was developed as an advanced form of platelet-rich plasma to eliminate xenofactors, such as bovine thrombin, and it is mainly used as a source of growth factor for tissue regeneration. Furthermore, although a minor application, PRF in a compressed membrane-like form has also been used as a substitute for commercially available barrier membranes in guided-tissue regeneration (GTR) treatment. However, the PRF membrane is resorbed within 2 weeks or less at implantation sites; therefore, it can barely maintain sufficient space for bone regeneration. In this study, we developed and optimized a heat-compression technique and tested the feasibility of the resulting PRF membrane. Freshly prepared human PRF was first compressed with dry gauze and subsequently with a hot iron. Biodegradability was microscopically examined in vitro by treatment with plasmin at 37°C or in vivo by subcutaneous implantation in nude mice. Compared with the control gauze-compressed PRF, the heat-compressed PRF appeared plasmin-resistant and remained stable for longer than 10 days in vitro. Additionally, in animal implantation studies, the heat-compressed PRF was observed at least for 3 weeks postimplantation in vivo whereas the control PRF was completely resorbed within 2 weeks. Therefore, these findings suggest that the heat-compression technique reduces the rate of biodegradation of the PRF membrane without sacrificing its biocompatibility and that the heat-compressed PRF membrane easily could be prepared at chair-side and applied as a barrier membrane in the GTR treatment.

  1. 富血小板血纤蛋白及其应用进展%Platelet-rich fibrin and its applications progression

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王萍; 向琳

    2011-01-01

    Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) is a new generation of platelet concentrate developed by Choukroun in 2000. Its processing is simple and without any additives, reducing the risk of infectious diseases' transmission. PRF fibrin network presents biochemical architecture of connected trimolecular or equilateral junctions. Thus, the flexible and elastic fibrin network is able to support cytokines enmeshment and cellular migration. It is rich in platelets and cytokines that can promote tissue healing and regeneration. It can also regulate inflammatory reactions. We present a review on PRF's biological characteristics, regulation mechanism and clinical applications.%富血小板血纤蛋白(PRF)是由法国科学家Choukroun于2000年提出的新一代血小板浓缩物.PRF制备简便,无任何人工或生物制剂,降低了感染性疾病传播的风险;其血纤蛋白的立体网状三分子结构柔韧而有弹性,可将细胞因子等包埋嵌合于其孔隙中缓慢释放,为迁徙细胞提供支架;富含的诸多与组织愈合和骨修复相关的细胞因子,可促进组织的愈合;其免疫细胞释放的炎症因子,具有调节炎症反应和抗感染的作用.本文就PRF的生物学特性、PRF促进组织修复的机制、PRF的临床应用等研究进展作一综述.

  2. CONTAMINATED PROBLEMATIC SKIN WOUNDS IN DIABETIC PATIENTS TREATED WITH AUTOLOGOUS PLATELET-RICH PLASMA (PRP: A case series study

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    Tsvetan Sokolov

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of platelet-rich plasma (PRP on contaminated problematic skin ulcers in patients with diabetes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 6 patients had been treated within the period from 2012 to 2014; they had various types of problematic wounds and diabetes type 2. Patients’ distribution by sex was as follows: 1 man and 5 women; mean age- 68 years. Ulcer types: acute (2 patients, hard-to-heal (2 patients and chronic (2 patients ulcers. The mean size of the skin and soft tissue defect was 9,5 cm2. Pathogenic microflora was isolated in 4 patients - S. aureus in three and Е. Coli in one. Based on a scheme developed by us, all cases were treated by administering platelet-rich plasma, derived by PRGF Endoret system. Follow-up period was within 4 – 6 months (4,5 on average. We used platelet rich plasma derived by PRGF Endoret system, applied on the wound bed on a weekly basis. RESULTS: Application of PRP allowed successful closure of all wounds. There were no complications associated with treatment of PRP. Epithelialization of the wound took 15 weeks on average for all patients. One patient presented with hyperkeratosis. Initial score of followed wounds, based on the scales are as follows: Total wound score – 10 p. Total anatomic score – 8 p. Total score – 15 p. at the initial stage. At the end of the treatment period scores were as follows - 0 p., which means excellent results CONCLUSION: We believe that the application of PRP may become optimal therapy in the treatment of contaminated problematic wounds in diabetic patients. PRP not only stimulates wound healing, but also has antimicrobial properties, which may contribute to the prevention of infections.

  3. The Chondrogenic Induction Potential for Bone Marrow-Derived Stem Cells between Autologous Platelet-Rich Plasma and Common Chondrogenic Induction Agents: A Preliminary Comparative Study

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    Shan-zheng Wang

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The interests in platelet-rich plasma (PRP and their application in stem cell therapy have contributed to a better understanding of the basic biology of the prochondrogenesis effect on bone marrow-derived stem cells (BMSCs. We aimed at comparing the effect of autologous PRP with common chondrogenic induction agents (CCIAs on the chondrogenic differentiation of BMSCs. Rabbit BMSCs were isolated and characterized by flow cytometry and differentiated towards adipocytes and osteoblasts. The chondrogenic response of BMSCs to autologous PRP and CCIAs which included transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1, dexamethasone (DEX, and vitamin C (Vc was examined by cell pellet culture. The isolated BMSCs after two passages highly expressed CD29 and CD44 but minimally expressed CD45. The osteogenic and adipogenic differentiation potentials of the isolated BMSCs were also confirmed. Compared with common CCIAs, autologous PRP significantly upregulated the chondrogenic related gene expression, including Col-2, AGC, and Sox-9. Osteogenic related gene expression, including Col-1 and OCN, was not of statistical significance between these two groups. Thus, our data shows that, compared with common chondrogenic induction agents, autologous PRP can be more effective in promoting the chondrogenesis of BMSCs.

  4. CONTAMINATED PROBLEMATIC SKIN WOUNDS IN DIABETIC PATIENTS TREATED WITH AUTOLOGOUS PLATELET-RICH PLASMA (PRP): A case series study

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) on contaminated problematic skin ulcers in patients with diabetes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 6 patients had been treated within the period from 2012 to 2014; they had various types of problematic wounds and diabetes type 2. Patients’ distribution by sex was as follows: 1 man and 5 women; mean age- 68 years. Ulcer types: acute (2 patients), hard-to-heal (2 patients) and chronic (2 patients) ulcers. The mean size of the ski...

  5. Comparative evaluation of platelet-rich fibrin with demineralized freeze-dried bone allograft in periodontal infrabony defects: A randomized controlled clinical study

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    Monali Shah

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Several bone graft materials have been used in the treatment of infrabony defects. Demineralized freeze-dried bone allograft (DFDBA has been histologically proven to be the material of choice for regeneration. However, platelet-rich fibrin (PRF has been said to have several properties that aid in healing and regeneration. Hence, this study focuses on the regenerative capacity of PRF when compared with DFDBA. Materials and Methods: A total of 40 sites with intrabony defects were selected and were assigned to the test group (open flap debridement [OFD] and PRF, n = 20 and the control group (OFD + DFDBA, n = 20. At the test sites, two PRF plugs were placed in the intrabony defect after debridement of the site and flap was sutured in place. The parameters measured were probing depth (PD, relative attachment level (RAL, and gingival marginal level (GML. These parameters were measured just before surgery (baseline and at 6 months postsurgery. The changes in PD, RAL, and GML were analyzed at baseline and postsurgically after 6 months in each group with paired t-test and between the two groups with unpaired t-test. Results: The mean reduction in PD after 6 months in the test PRF group is 3.67 ± 1.48 mm where in control DFDBA group is 3.70 ± 1.78 mm. Gain in RAL in the test PRF group is 2.97 ± 1.42 mm where in control DFDBA group, it is 2.97 ± 1.54 mm. Gingival margin migrated apically in the test PRF group by 0.43 ± 1.31 mm where in control DFDBA group by 0.72 ± 2.3 mm. It was seen that the differences in terms of PD (P = 0.96, RAL (P = 1.00 and GML (P = 0.62 were not significant. Conclusion: Platelet-rich fibrin has shown significant results after 6 months, which is comparable to DFDBA for periodontal regeneration in terms of clinical parameters. Hence, it can be used in the treatment of intrabony defects.

  6. Autologous bone grafting with platelet-rich plasma for alveolar cleft repair in patient with cleft and palate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giudice, Giuseppe; Cutrignelli, Daniela Anna; Leuzzi, Sara; Robusto, Fabio; Sportelli, Pasquale; Nacchiero, Eleonora

    2016-01-01

    L’innesto osseo è essenziale nella terapia chirurgica della labiopalatoschisi (LPS), ma i tempi di osteogenesi ed integrazione ossea nella sede ricevente possono procrastinare i successivi interventi di ortodonzia. Nel nostro studio è stata valutata la capacità della PRP (platelet-rich plasma) associata al trapianto osseo nel diminuire il tempo d’attesa e la durata del trattamento ortodontico in una coorte di 8 bambini, confrontandola con 8 controlli sottoposti a semplice innesto osseo. I risultati hanno mostrato come i soggetti sottoposti a trapianto osseo + PRP abbiano avuto la possibilità di essere sottoposti ad un trattamento ortodontico più precoce (155 giorni vs 298) e più breve (295 giorni vs 356) rispetto al gruppo di controllo. Inoltre nel gruppo di controllo si sono verificate con maggiore frequenza complicanze post-chirurgiche (quali fistole oro-nasali, disturbi periodontali, malattie dentali, perdita di spessore, massa o trabecolatura ossea) rispetto al gruppo sottoposto a PRP. Perciò l’associazione della PRP (platelet-rich plasma) al trapianto osseo è una metodica che sembra associarsi ad una diminuzione statisticamente significativa dei tempi di integrazione ossea nei pazienti affetti da LPS, con conseguente anticipazione della ortodonzia e miglioramento degli outcome chirurgici.

  7. A comparative study of the regenerative effect of sinus bone grafting with platelet-rich fibrin-mixed Bio-Oss® and commercial fibrin-mixed Bio-Oss®: an experimental study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xuan, Feng; Lee, Chun-Ui; Son, Jeong-Seog; Jeong, Seung-Mi; Choi, Byung-Ho

    2014-06-01

    Anorganic bovine bone (Bio-Oss®) particles are one of the most popular grafting materials. The particles are often mixed with platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) or a commercial fibrin (Tisseel®) to form a mouldable graft material. The objective of this study was to compare the potentials of PRF-mixed Bio-Oss® and Tisseel®-mixed Bio-Oss® to enhance bone regeneration in a canine sinus model. Six mongrel dogs were used in this study. After elevating the sinus membrane in both maxillary sinus cavities, an implant was placed into the sinus cavity. In one of the sinus cavities, the PRF/Bio-Oss® composite was grafted, and the Tisseel®/Bio-Oss® composite was grafted in the other sinus cavity. After a 6 month healing period, bone formation in the graft sites and bone-implant contact were evaluated. The mean osseointegration rate was 43.5 ± 12.4% and new bone formation rate 41.8 ± 5.9% in the PRF/Bio-Oss® composite sites. In the Tisseel®/Bio-Oss® composite sites they were 30.7 ± 7.9% and 31.3 ± 6.4%. There were statistically significant differences between the groups. The findings from this study suggest that when platelet-rich fibrin is used as an adjunct to Bio-Oss® particles for bone augmentation in the maxillary sinus, bone formation in the graft sites is significantly greater than when Tisseel® is used.

  8. Do the fibrin architecture and leukocyte content influence the growth factor release of platelet concentrates? An evidence-based answer comparing a pure platelet-rich plasma (P-PRP) gel and a leukocyte- and platelet-rich fibrin (L-PRF).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dohan Ehrenfest, David M; Bielecki, Tomasz; Jimbo, Ryo; Barbé, Giovanni; Del Corso, Marco; Inchingolo, Francesco; Sammartino, Gilberto

    2012-06-01

    Platelet concentrates for surgical use are tools of regenerative medicine designed for the local release of platelet growth factors into a surgical or wounded site, in order to stimulate tissue healing or regeneration. Leukocyte content and fibrin architecture are 2 key characteristics of all platelet concentrates and allow to classify these technologies in 4 families, but very little is known about the impact of these 2 parameters on the intrinsic biology of these products. In this demonstration, we highlight some outstanding differences in the growth factor and matrix protein release between 2 families of platelet concentrate: Pure Platelet-Rich Plasma (P-PRP, here the Anitua's PRGF - Preparation Rich in Growth Factors - technique) and Leukocyte- and Platelet-Rich Fibrin (L-PRF, here the Choukroun's method). These 2 families are the extreme opposites in terms of fibrin architecture and leukocyte content. The slow release of 3 key growth factors (Transforming Growth Factor β1 (TGFβ1), Platelet-Derived Growth Factor AB (PDGF-AB) and Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF)) and matrix proteins (fibronectin, vitronectin and thrombospondin-1) from the L-PRF and P-PRP gel membranes in culture medium is described and discussed. During 7 days, the L-PRF membranes slowly release significantly larger amounts of all these molecules than the P-PRP gel membranes, and the 2 products display different release patterns. In both platelet concentrates, vitronectin is the sole molecule to be released almost completely after only 4 hours, suggesting that this molecule is not trapped in the fibrin matrix and not produced by the leukocytes. Moreover the P-PRP gel membranes completely dissolve in the culture medium after less than 5 days only, while the L-PRF membranes are still intact after 7 days. This simple demonstration shows that the polymerization and final architecture of the fibrin matrix considerably influence the strength and the growth factor trapping/release potential

  9. A comparative evaluation of extraction socket preservation with demineralized freeze-dried bone allograft alone and along with platelet-rich fibrin: A clinical and radiographic study

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    Dhaval J Thakkar

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Aims: To investigate clinically and radiographically, the bone fill in extraction sockets using demineralized freeze-dried bone allograft alone and along with platelet-rich fibrin (PRF. Materials and Methods: A randomized controlled clinical trial was carried out on 36 nonrestorable single-rooted teeth sites. Sites were randomized into demineralized freeze-dried bone allograft (DFDBA combined with PRF - test and DFDBA - control groups using a coin toss method. After the placement of graft material, collagen membrane was used to cover it. The clinical parameters recorded were ridge width and ridge height. All the parameters were recorded at baseline and at 90 and 180 days. Statistical Analysis Used: Independent t-test and paired t-test. Results: In both groups, there is significant reduction in loss of ridge width and ridge height from baseline to 90 days (P < 0.001, baseline to 180 days (P < 0.001, and 90-180 days (P < 0.001. However, when both the groups were compared the test group favored in the reduction of ridge width while there was no statistical difference in reduction of ridge height among at different intervals. Conclusions: Although DFDBA is considered as an ideal graft material, PRF can be used as an adjunctive with DFDBA for socket preservation.

  10. Influence of the association between platelet-rich fibrin and bovine bone on bone regeneration. A histomorphometric study in the calvaria of rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliveira, M R; deC Silva, A; Ferreira, S; Avelino, C C; Garcia, I R; Mariano, R C

    2015-05-01

    This study aimed to investigate the effects of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) associated or not with Bio-Oss on bone defects in the calvaria of rats. A critical-size defect of 5-mm diameter was performed in the calvaria of 48 rats. These animals were divided into six groups of eight animals each, according to the treatment received: homogeneous clot, autogenous clot, autogenous PRF, homogeneous PRF, Bio-Oss, or Bio-Oss associated with PRF. The animals were euthanized after 30 or 60 days. Bone regeneration was evaluated by histomorphometric analysis. The highest mean percentages of new bone formation at 30 days (54.05% ± 5.78) and 60 days (63.58% ± 5.78) were observed in the Bio-Oss associated with PRF group; in particular, the percentage of new bone at 30 days was significantly higher than that of all of the other groups (P<0.01). At 60 days, the Bio-Oss associated with PRF (63.58% ± 5.78) and Bio-Oss (57.34% ± 5.78) groups had similar results, and both showed a statistical difference compared to the other groups. PRF had a positive effect on bone regeneration only when associated with Bio-Oss.

  11. Influence of Leukocyte- and Platelet-Rich Fibrin (L-PRF) in the Healing of Simple Postextraction Sockets: A Split-Mouth Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marenzi, Gaetano; Riccitiello, Francesco; Tia, Mariano; di Lauro, Alessandro; Sammartino, Gilberto

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of leukocyte- and platelet-rich fibrin (L-PRF) on the pain and soft tissue healing after tooth extractions. Twenty-six patients (9 males and 17 females) were treated with multiple extractions (2 to 8), with a total of 108 extractions. This was an exploratory single blinded randomized clinical trial with a split-mouth design. The pain after the surgery was assessed in each patient by the VAS scale (1 to 10) at intervals of 24-48-72-96 hours. The soft tissue healing was clinically evaluated at 3, 7, 14, and 21 days after surgery by the same examiner surgeon, using the modified Healing Index (4 to 12). The mean value of postextraction pain was 3.2 ± 0.3 in the experimental sides and 4.1 ± 0.1 in the control sides. After 7 days from the extractions, the values of modified Healing Index in the experimental and control groups were, respectively, 4.8 ± 0.6 and 5.1 ± 0.9. The use of L-PRF in postextraction sockets filling can be proposed as a useful procedure in order to manage the postoperative pain and to promote the soft tissue healing process, reducing the early adverse effects of the inflammation.

  12. Platelet-Rich Fibrin with β-Tricalcium Phosphate—A Noval Approach for Bone Augmentation in Chronic Periapical Lesion: A Case Report

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    K. B. Jayalakshmi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. This paper describes a case of bone augmentation with combination of Platelet-Rich Fibrin (PRF and β-TCP for treatment of chronic periapical cyst. The case was followed for 12 months. Methods. Patient presented with chronic periapical lesion in maxillary anterior teeth with history of trauma 8 years back. Radiographically, a periapical cyst was seen in relation to maxillary left central and lateral incisors. Conventional endodontic treatment was started. Since it was not successful, apical surgery was performed. Bone augmentation was done using PRF in combination with β-TCP bone graft to achieve faster healing of the periapical region. Regular followups at 3, 6, 9, and 12 months were done. Results. Healing was uneventful. Follow-up examinations revealed progressive, significant, and predictable clinical and radiographic bone regeneration/healing without any clinical symptoms. Conclusions. Combined use of PRF and β-TCP for bone augmentation in treatment of periapical defects is a potential treatment alternative for faster healing than using these biomaterials alone.

  13. Influence of Leukocyte- and Platelet-Rich Fibrin (L-PRF in the Healing of Simple Postextraction Sockets: A Split-Mouth Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gaetano Marenzi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of leukocyte- and platelet-rich fibrin (L-PRF on the pain and soft tissue healing after tooth extractions. Twenty-six patients (9 males and 17 females were treated with multiple extractions (2 to 8, with a total of 108 extractions. This was an exploratory single blinded randomized clinical trial with a split-mouth design. The pain after the surgery was assessed in each patient by the VAS scale (1 to 10 at intervals of 24-48-72-96 hours. The soft tissue healing was clinically evaluated at 3, 7, 14, and 21 days after surgery by the same examiner surgeon, using the modified Healing Index (4 to 12. The mean value of postextraction pain was 3.2 ± 0.3 in the experimental sides and 4.1 ± 0.1 in the control sides. After 7 days from the extractions, the values of modified Healing Index in the experimental and control groups were, respectively, 4.8 ± 0.6 and 5.1 ± 0.9. The use of L-PRF in postextraction sockets filling can be proposed as a useful procedure in order to manage the postoperative pain and to promote the soft tissue healing process, reducing the early adverse effects of the inflammation.

  14. Improvement in the repair of defects in maxillofacial soft tissue in irradiated minipigs by a mixture of adipose-derived stem cells and platelet-rich fibrin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Yuanzheng; Niu, Zhanguo; Xue, Yan; Yuan, Fukang; Fu, Yanjie; Bai, Nan

    2014-10-01

    To find out if adipose-derived stem cells (ASC) and platelet-rich fibrin (PRF), alone or combined, had any effect on the repair of maxillofacial soft tissue defects in irradiated minipigs, ASC were isolated, characterised, and expanded. Twenty female minipigs, the right parotid glands of which had been irradiated, were randomly divided into 4 groups of 5 each: those in the first group were injected with both ASC and PRF (combined group), the second group was injected with ASC alone (ASC group), the third group with PRF alone (PRF group), and the fourth group with phosphate buffer saline (PBS) (control group). Six months after the last injection, the size and depth of each defect were assessed, and subcutaneous tissues were harvested, stained with haematoxylin and eosin, and examined immunohistologically and for apoptosis. Expanded cells were successfully isolated and identified. Six months after injection the defects in the 3 treated groups were significantly smaller (p<0.001) and shallower (p<0.001) than those in the control group. Those in the combined group were the smallest and shallowest. Haematoxylin and eosin showed that the 3 treated groups contained more subcutaneous adipose tissue than the control group, and also had significantly greater vascular density (p<0.001) and fewer apoptotic cells (p<0.001). Both ASC and PRF facilitate the repair of defects in maxillofacial soft tissue in irradiated minipigs, and their combined use is more effective than their use as single agents.

  15. Effect of osteogenic periosteal distraction by a modified Hyrax device with and without platelet-rich fibrin on bone formation in a rabbit model: a pilot study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pripatnanont, P; Balabid, F; Pongpanich, S; Vongvatcharanon, S

    2015-05-01

    This study evaluated the effect of a modified Hyrax device and platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) on osteogenic periosteal distraction (OPD). Twelve adult male New Zealand white rabbits were separated into two main groups (six in each) according to the duration of the consolidation period (4 or 8 weeks). In each main group, the animals underwent OPD of the left and right sides of the mandible and were divided into four subgroups (three animals per group): device vs. device+PRF, and PRF vs. sham. Radiographic, histological, histomorphometric, and micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) analyses were performed. New bone formation was observed on the lateral and vertical sides of the mandible of all groups. Micro-CT and histomorphometry showed that the device+PRF group presented the highest percentages of bone volume and bone area at 4 weeks (56.67 ± 12.67%, 41.37 ± 7.57%) and at 8 weeks (49.67 ± 8.33%, 55.46 ± 10.67%; significantly higher than the other groups, P<0.001), followed by the device group at 4 weeks (33.00 ± 1.73%, 33.21 ± 11.00%) and at 8 weeks (30.00 ± 3.00%, 23.25 ± 5.46%). In conclusion, the modified Hyrax device was used successfully for OPD in a rabbit model to gain vertical ridge augmentation, and greater bone maturation was achieved with the addition of PRF.

  16. Ginsenoside Rg1 and platelet-rich fibrin enhance human breast adipose-derived stem cell function for soft tissue regeneration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Fang-Tian; Liang, Zhi-Jie; Li, Hong-Mian; Peng, Qi-Liu; Huang, Min-Hong; Li, De Quan; Liang, Yi-Dan; Chi, Gang-Yi; Li, De Hui; Yu, Bing-Chao; Huang, Ji-Rong

    2016-06-01

    Adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) can be used to repair soft tissue defects, wounds, burns, and scars and to regenerate various damaged tissues. The cell differentiation capacity of ASCs is crucial for engineered adipose tissue regeneration in reconstructive and plastic surgery. We previously reported that ginsenoside Rg1 (G-Rg1 or Rg1) promotes proliferation and differentiation of ASCs in vitro and in vivio. Here we show that both G-Rg1 and platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) improve the proliferation, differentiation, and soft tissue regeneration capacity of human breast adipose-derived stem cells (HBASCs) on collagen type I sponge scaffolds in vitro and in vivo. Three months after transplantation, tissue wet weight, adipocyte number, intracellular lipid, microvessel density, and gene and protein expression of VEGF, HIF-1α, and PPARγ were higher in both G-Rg1- and PRF-treated HBASCs than in control grafts. More extensive new adipose tissue formation was evident after treatment with G-Rg1 or PRF. In summary, G-Rg1 and/or PRF co-administration improves the function of HBASCs for soft tissue regeneration engineering.

  17. 富血小板纤维蛋白的研究进展%Research progress on platelet-rich fibrin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨世茂

    2012-01-01

    Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) is a source of autogenic neotype biomaterial, which is rich in cytokine and growth factors, and is called new generation of platelet concentrates. The molecular constitution of PRF is similar to nature blood clot, and to provide location with migration, proliferation, and differentiation for rhagiocrine cell. Recently, many researchers use PRF as graft on the sinus floor elevation in dental implantation and win well results. This article reviewed PRF and its application on sinus floor elevation in dental implantation.%富血小板纤维蛋白(PRF)是一种富含细胞因子和生长因子的自体来源的新型生物材料,被誉为新一代血小板浓缩物.其分子结构类似天然血凝块,为组织细胞提供迁移、增殖和分化的场所.近来,许多学者将PRF作为移植材料应用于口腔种植前上颌窦底提升术后的骨移植中,并获得了良好的效果.本文就PRF 及其在口腔种植上颌窦底提升术中的应用进展作一综述.

  18. Clinical evaluation and comparison of the efficacy of coronally advanced flap alone and in combination with platelet rich fibrin membrane in the treatment of Miller Class I and II gingival recessions

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    Santosh Gupta

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The aim of this study was to compare the clinical efficacy of coronally advanced flap (CAF alone and in combination with autologous platelet rich fibrin membrane (PRF in Miller′s class I and II gingival recessions. Materials and Method: Thirty isolated Miller class I or II sites in 26 subjects were randomly divided into test (15 sites- CAF+PRF and control (15 sites- CAF alone. Parameters probing pocket depth (PPD, Recession depth (RD, Clinical attachment loss (CAL, Keratinised tissue width (KTW and Gingival tissue thickness (GTH were evaluated at baseline, 3 months and 6 months postoperatively. Data was subjected to statistical analysis. P< 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Mean percentage root coverage was 91.00±19.98% and 86.60±23.83% for test and control group respectively. Difference between the groups in all parameters at baseline, 3 months and 6 months was non significant. Complete root coverage was obtained in 12 (80% and 11 (73.3% subjects in test and control group respectively. The difference was found to be non-significant. Both groups showed significant differences in all parameters at 3 and 6 months respectively except difference in gingival tissue thickness which was non-significant in control group at 3 months. Conclusion: Combination of PRF to CAF procedure did not provide any added advantage in term of recession coverage in Miller class I and II recessions. Long term trials with more sample size are needed to validate these findings.

  19. Efficacy of platelet rich fibrin in the treatment of human intrabony defects with or without bone graft: A randomized controlled trial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chandradas, Nikhil D.; Ravindra, Shivamurthy; Rangaraju, Vivekananda M.; Jain, Sheetal; Dasappa, Shivaprasad

    2016-01-01

    Aim: To evaluate the efficacy of platelet rich fibrin (PRF) with or without bone graft [demineralized bone matrix (DBM) graft] in the treatment of intrabony defects based on clinical and radiographic parameters. Materials and Methods: Thirty six intrabony defects in 36 patients were randomly divided into three different groups and were treated with group A (PRF with DBM) or group B (PRF alone) or group C [open flap debridement (OFD)]. Clinical parameters such as plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI), probing depth (PD), relative attachment level (RAL), and gingival recession (GR) were assessed at baseline and 9 months postoperatively; radiographic parameters such as linear bone growth (LBG) and percentage in bone fill (%BF) were calculated by using the image analysis software. Comparisons of groups were analyzed using Kruskal–Wallis analysis of variance test. Pair-wise comparison of groups was done by Mann-Whitney U test. Results: Mean PD reduction and RAL gain were greater in group A (4.25 ± 1.48, 3.92 ± 0.90) and group B (3.82 ± 0.75, 3.27 ± 0.65) than control (3.00 ± 1.21, 2.25 ± 0.62). Furthermore, statistically significant improvement in LBG and %BF was found in group A (3.47 ± 0.53, 61.53 ± 4.54) compared to group B (2.55 ± 0.61, 49.60 ± 14.08) and group C (1.21 ± 0.80, 24.69 ± 15.59). Conclusions: The study demonstrated that PRF improves clinical and radiological parameters compared to OFD alone in intrabony defects. Addition of DBM enhances the effects of PRF in RAL gain and radiographic defect fill. PMID:27652249

  20. Comparative evaluation of platelet-rich fibrin, mineral trioxide aggregate, and calcium hydroxide as pulpotomy agents in permanent molars with irreversible pulpitis: A randomized controlled trial

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    Varun Kumar

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Pulpotomy has been proposed as an alternative for the management of irreversible pulpitis in permanent molars with closed apices. Aim: To compare the performances of calcium hydroxide (CH, mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA, and platelet-rich fibrin (PRF as pulpotomy agents in mature permanent molars with irreversible pulpitis. Materials and Methods: Fifty-four permanent mandibular molars with carious exposure and symptoms of irreversible pulpitis were randomly allocated to three groups, and full pulpotomy was performed using CH,MTA, or PRF as pulpotomy agents. Pain intensity was recorded using numeric rating scale score at baseline, 24 h, 7 days, 6 months, and 1 year. Clinical and radiographic assessments were done at 6 months and 1 year. Statistical Analysis: Kruskal–Wallis test and Friedman test were used for intergroup and intragroup comparison of pain scores, respectively. The radiographic outcomes between the three study arms were compared using Chi-square test. Results: Clinical success rate was 94.4% at 7 days, which dropped to 85.4% at 12 months. All three agents were equally effective in providing pain relief at all the intervals tested, with no significant difference between them (P > 0.05 at all intervals. However, at 6 months and 12 months, 26.2% and 52.4% teeth depicted slight widening of periodontal ligament space. No significant difference was observed between the radiographic success rates observed with the three groups (P = 0.135 at 6 months, 0.717 at 12 months. Conclusion: Pulpotomy exhibited a high clinical success rate in mature molars with irreversible pulpitis and selection of biomaterial did not affect its outcome.

  1. Comparative evaluation of platelet-rich fibrin versus beta-tri-calcium phosphate in the treatment of Grade II mandibular furcation defects using cone-beam computed tomography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siddiqui, Zeba Rahman; Jhingran, Rajesh; Bains, Vivek Kumar; Srivastava, Ruchi; Madan, Rohit; Rizvi, Iram

    2016-01-01

    Objective: The objective of the study was to evaluate clinically and radiographically the efficacy of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) versus β-tri-calcium phosphate (β-TCP) in the treatment of Grade II mandibular furcation defects. Materials and Methods: Forty-five Grade II furcation defect in mandibular molars which were assigned to open flap debridement (OFD) with PRF Group I (n = 15), to OFD with β-TCP Group II (n = 15), and to OFD alone Group III (n = 15) were analyzed for clinical parameters (probing pocket depth [PPD], vertical clinical attachment level [VCAL], horizontal clinical attachment level [HCAL], gingival recession, relative vertical height of furcation [r-VHF], and relative horizontal depth of furcation [r-HDF]) and radiographical parameters (horizontal depth of furcation [H-DOF], vertical height of furcation [V-HOF]) using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) at 6 months interval. Results: For clinical parameters, reduction in PPD and gain in VCAL and HCAL were higher in Group II as compared to Group I. Change in r-VHF and r-HDF was greater in Group II as compared to Group I. Mean percentage clinical vertical defect fill was higher in Group II as compared to Group I (58.52% ± 11.68% vs. 53.24% ± 13.22%, respectively). On CBCT, mean change at 6 months for all parameters showed nonsignificant difference between the two experimental groups. Mean change in V-HOF was higher in Group I as compared to Group II, but mean change in H-DOF and furcation width was more in Group II as compared to Group I. Conclusion: For both experimental and control groups, there was statistically significant improvement at 6 months follow-up from baseline values. PMID:28042265

  2. Comparative evaluation of platelet-rich fibrin, mineral trioxide aggregate, and calcium hydroxide as pulpotomy agents in permanent molars with irreversible pulpitis: A randomized controlled trial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Varun; Juneja, Ruchi; Duhan, Jigyasa; Sangwan, Pankaj; Tewari, Sanjay

    2016-01-01

    Background: Pulpotomy has been proposed as an alternative for the management of irreversible pulpitis in permanent molars with closed apices. Aim: To compare the performances of calcium hydroxide (CH), mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), and platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) as pulpotomy agents in mature permanent molars with irreversible pulpitis. Materials and Methods: Fifty-four permanent mandibular molars with carious exposure and symptoms of irreversible pulpitis were randomly allocated to three groups, and full pulpotomy was performed using CH, MTA, or PRF as pulpotomy agents. Pain intensity was recorded using numeric rating scale score at baseline, 24 h, 7 days, 6 months, and 1 year. Clinical and radiographic assessments were done at 6 months and 1 year. Statistical Analysis: Kruskal–Wallis test and Friedman test were used for intergroup and intragroup comparison of pain scores, respectively. The radiographic outcomes between the three study arms were compared using Chi-square test. Results: Clinical success rate was 94.4% at 7 days, which dropped to 85.4% at 12 months. All three agents were equally effective in providing pain relief at all the intervals tested, with no significant difference between them (P > 0.05 at all intervals). However, at 6 months and 12 months, 26.2% and 52.4% teeth depicted slight widening of periodontal ligament space. No significant difference was observed between the radiographic success rates observed with the three groups (P = 0.135 at 6 months, 0.717 at 12 months). Conclusion: Pulpotomy exhibited a high clinical success rate in mature molars with irreversible pulpitis and selection of biomaterial did not affect its outcome. PMID:27994420

  3. Platelet-rich plasma and fibrin glue-coated bioactive ceramics enhance growth and differentiation of goat bone marrow-derived stem cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nair, Manitha B; Varma, H K; John, Annie

    2009-07-01

    New biotechnologies such as tissue engineering require functionally active cells within supportive matrices where the physical and chemical stimulus provided by the matrix is indispensable to determine the cellular behavior. This study has investigated the influence of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and fibrin glue (FG) on the functional activity of goat bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (gBMSCs) that differentiated into the osteogenic lineage. To achieve this goal, PRP and FG were separately coated on bioactive ceramics like hydroxyapatite (HA) and silica-coated HA (HASi), on which gBMSCs were seeded and induced to differentiate into the osteogenic lineage for 28 days. The cells were then analyzed for viability (lactate dehydrogenase assay: acridine orange and ethidium bromide staining), morphology (scanning electron microscopy), proliferation (picogreen assay), cell cycle assay (propidium iodide staining), and differentiation (alkaline phosphatase [ALP] activity and real-time PCR analysis of ALP, osteocalcin, and osteopontin gene). It has been observed that PRP and FG have appreciably favored the viability, spreading, and proliferation of osteogenic-induced gBMSCs. The osteopontin and osteocalcin expression was significantly enhanced on PRP- and FG-coated HA and HASi, but PRP had effect on neither ALP expression nor ALP activity. The results of this study have depicted that FG-coated ceramics were better than PRP-coated and bare matrices. Among all, the excellent performance was shown by FG coated HASi, which may be attributed to the communal action of the stimulus emanated by Si in HASi and the temporary extracellular matrix provided by FG over HASi. Thus, we can conclude that PRP or FG in combination with bioactive ceramics could possibly enhance the functional activity of cells to a greater extent, promoting the hybrid composite as a promising candidate for bone tissue engineering applications.

  4. Leukocyte- and platelet-rich fibrin (L-PRF) for long-term delivery of growth factor in rotator cuff repair: review, preliminary results and future directions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zumstein, Matthias A; Berger, Simon; Schober, Martin; Boileau, Pascal; Nyffeler, Richard W; Horn, Michael; Dahinden, Clemens A

    2012-06-01

    Surgical repair of the rotator cuff repair is one of the most common procedures in orthopedic surgery. Despite it being the focus of much research, the physiological tendon-bone insertion is not recreated following repair and there is an anatomic non-healing rate of up to 94%. During the healing phase, several growth factors are upregulated that induce cellular proliferation and matrix deposition. Subsequently, this provisional matrix is replaced by the definitive matrix. Leukocyte- and platelet-rich fibrin (L-PRF) contain growth factors and has a stable dense fibrin matrix. Therefore, use of LPRF in rotator cuff repair is theoretically attractive. The aim of the present study was to determine 1) the optimal protocol to achieve the highest leukocyte content; 2) whether L-PRF releases growth factors in a sustained manner over 28 days; 3) whether standard/gelatinous or dry/compressed matrix preparation methods result in higher growth factor concentrations. 1) The standard L-PRF centrifugation protocol with 400 x g showed the highest concentration of platelets and leukocytes. 2) The L-PRF clots cultured in medium showed a continuous slow release with an increase in the absolute release of growth factors TGF-β1, VEGF and MPO in the first 7 days, and for IGF1, PDGF-AB and platelet activity (PF4=CXCL4) in the first 8 hours, followed by a decrease to close to zero at 28 days. Significantly higher levels of growth factor were expressed relative to the control values of normal blood at each culture time point. 3) Except for MPO and the TGFβ-1, there was always a tendency towards higher release of growth factors (i.e., CXCL4, IGF-1, PDGF-AB, and VEGF) in the standard/gelatinous- compared to the dry/compressed group. L-PRF in its optimal standard/gelatinous-type matrix can store and deliver locally specific healing growth factors for up to 28 days and may be a useful adjunct in rotator cuff repair.

  5. The Clinical Efficacy of Autologous Platelet-Rich Plasma Combined with Ultra-Pulsed Fractional CO2 Laser Therapy for Facial Rejuvenation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hui, Qiang; Chang, Peng; Guo, Bingyu; Zhang, Yu

    2017-01-01

    Abstract Ultra-pulsed fractional CO2 laser is an efficient, precise, and safe therapeutic intervention for skin refreshing, although accompanied with prolonged edema and erythema. In recent years, autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has been proven to promote wound and soft tissue healing and collagen regeneration. To investigate whether the combination of PRP and ultra-pulsed fractional CO2 laser had a synergistic effect on therapy for facial rejuvenation. Totally, 13 facial aging females were treated with ultra-pulsed fractional CO2 laser. One side of the face was randomly selected as experimental group and injected with PRP, the other side acted as the control group and was injected with physiological saline at the same dose. Comprehensive assessment of clinical efficacy was performed by satisfaction scores, dermatologists' double-blind evaluation and the VISIA skin analysis system. After treatment for 3 months, subjective scores of facial wrinkles, skin texture, and skin elasticity were higher than that in the control group. Similarly, improvement of skin wrinkles, texture, and tightness in the experimental group was better compared with the control group. Additionally, the total duration of erythema, edema, and crusting was decreased, in the experimental group compared with the control group. PRP combined with ultra-pulsed fractional CO2 laser had a synergistic effect on facial rejuvenation, shortening duration of side effects, and promoting better therapeutic effect. PMID:27222038

  6. The effect of leukocyte-reduced platelet-rich plasma on the proliferation of autologous adipose-tissue derived mesenchymal stem cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loibl, Markus; Lang, Siegmund; Brockhoff, Gero; Gueorguiev, Boyko; Hilber, Franz; Worlicek, Michael; Baumann, Florian; Grechenig, Stephan; Zellner, Johannes; Huber, Michaela; Valderrabano, Victor; Angele, Peter; Nerlich, Michael; Prantl, Lukas; Gehmert, Sebastian

    2016-01-01

    Clinical application of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and stem cells has become more and more important in regenerative medicine during the last decade. However, differences in PRP preparations may contribute to variable PRP compositions with unpredictable effects on a cellular level. In the present study, we modified the centrifugation settings in order to provide a leukocyte-reduced PRP and evaluated the interactions between PRP and adipose-tissue derived mesenchymal stem cells (ASCs).PRP was obtained after modification of three different centrifugation settings and investigated by hemogram analysis, quantification of protein content and growth factor concentration. ASCs were cultured in serum-free α-MEM supplemented with autologous 10% or 20% leukocyte-reduced PRP. Cell cycle kinetics of ASCs were analyzed using flow cytometric analyses after 48 hours.Thrombocytes in PRP were concentrated, whereas erythrocytes, and white blood cells (WBC) were reduced, independent of centrifugation settings. Disabling the brake further reduced the number of WBCs. A higher percentage of cells in the S-phase in the presence of 20% PRP in comparison to 10% PRP and 20% fetal calf serum (FCS) advocates the proliferation stimulation of ASCs.These findings clearly demonstrate considerable differences between three PRP separation settings and assist in safeguarding the combination of leukocyte-reduced PRP and stem cells for regenerative therapies.

  7. Alignment of the Fibrin Network Within an Autologous Plasma Clot.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gessmann, Jan; Seybold, Dominik; Peter, Elvira; Schildhauer, Thomas Armin; Köller, Manfred

    2016-01-01

    Autologous plasma clots with longitudinally aligned fibrin fibers could serve as a scaffold for longitudinal axonal regrowth in cases of traumatic peripheral nerve injuries. Three different techniques for assembling longitudinally oriented fibrin fibers during the fibrin polymerization process were investigated as follows: fiber alignment was induced by the application of either a magnetic field or-as a novel approach-electric field or by the induction of orientated flow. Fiber alignment was characterized by scanning electron microscopy analysis followed by image processing using fast Fourier transformation (FFT). Besides FFT output images, area xmin to xmax, as well as full width at half maximum (FWHM) of the FFT graph plot peaks, was calculated to determine the relative degree of fiber alignment. In addition, fluorescently labeled human fibrinogen and mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) were used to visualize fibrin and cell orientation in aligned and nonaligned plasma clots. Varying degrees of fiber alignment were achieved by the three different methods, with the electric field application producing the highest degree of fiber alignment. The embedded MSCs showed a longitudinal orientation in the electric field-aligned plasma clots. The key feature of this study is the ability to produce autologous plasma clots with aligned fibrin fibers using physical techniques. This orientated internal structure of an autologous biomaterial is promising for distinct therapeutic applications, such as a guiding structure for cell migration and growth dynamics.

  8. Efficacy of autologous platelet-rich plasma combined with fractional ablative carbon dioxide resurfacing laser in treatment of facial atrophic acne scars: A split-face randomized clinical trial

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    Gita Faghihi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Autologous platelet-rich plasma has recently attracted significant attention throughout the medical field for its wound-healing ability. Aims: This study was conducted to investigate the potential of platelet-rich plasma combined with fractional laser therapy in the treatment of acne scarring. Methods: Sixteen patients (12 women and 4 men who underwent split-face therapy were analyzed in this study. They received ablative fractional carbon dioxide laser combined with intradermal platelet-rich plasma treatment on one half of their face and ablative fractional carbon dioxide laser with intradermal normal saline on the other half. The injections were administered immediately after laser therapy. The treatment sessions were repeated after an interval of one month. The clinical response was assessed based on patient satisfaction and the objective evaluation of serial photographs by two blinded dermatologists at baseline, 1 month after the first treatment session and 4 months after the second. The adverse effects including erythema and edema were scored by participants on days 0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 15 and 30 after each session. Results: Overall clinical improvement of acne scars was higher on the platelet-rich plasma-fractional carbon dioxide laser treated side but the difference was not statistically significant either 1 month after the first treatment session (P = 0.15 or 4 months after the second (P = 0.23. In addition, adverse effects (erythema and edema on the platelet-rich plasma-fractional carbon dioxide laser-treated side were more severe and of longer duration. Limitations: Small sample size, absence of all skin phototypes within the study group and lack of objective methods for the evaluation of response to treatment and adverse effects were the limitations. Conclusion: This study demonstrated that adding platelet-rich plasma to fractional carbon dioxide laser treatment did not produce any statistically significant synergistic effects

  9. The application of platelet-rich plasma(PRP) and platelet-rich fibrin(PRF) in periodontal tissue regeneration%富血小板血浆与富血小板纤维蛋白在牙周组织再生中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱文慧; 徐艳; 孙颖

    2011-01-01

    富血小板血浆(platelet-rich plasma,PRP)与富血小板纤维蛋白(platelet-rich fibrin,PRF)因其促进组织再生的能力,在临床口腔创伤及缺损的修复中逐渐被重视及应用,并取得了令人较为满意的效果,鉴于PRP与PRF的制作较简便,且不易出现疾病传染及免疫排斥的不良反应,两者在口腔临床中的应用越来越广泛.牙周炎是目前造成牙周骨缺损最为常见的疾病之一,国内外的学者们为了探寻促进牙周组织再生的方法,将PRP与PRF用于牙周治疗中,本文即将近年来有关PRP与PRF在牙周组织再生中的临床应用作一综述.

  10. Method for Management of Perianal Fistula with New Device: Progressive Curettage of the Tract and Sealing with Platelet-Rich Fibrin

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    Perez Lara

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Surgical treatment of high perianal fistulas, which affect a significant proportion of the sphincter apparatus, is difficult and associated with considerable risk of impaired anal continence. The diversity of approaches proposed for the treatment of complex perianal fistulas reflects the fact that no method has yet been shown to be fully satisfactory. We believe the successful treatment of this condition is directly proportional to the amount of fibrous tissue that can be removed. We used a kit of small curettes, of different thicknesses and sizes, incorporating spicules that enable the physician to remove fibrous tissue from the fistula tract. The small size and varying thicknesses of the curettes enable them to mold to the curves of the fistula tract and to remove tissue by de-roofing from the shallowest to the deepest layers, thus excising the entire fibrous tract. The tract is then sealed using autologous fibrin, applied through a catheter, with the help of a monitor indicating the amount of product remaining at all times. Finally, the internal orifice is closed by simple suturing.

  11. Autologous platelet rich plasma repair facial nerve injury%自体富血小板血浆修复面神经损伤★

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张兴安; 吴蜀江; 卢海彬; 石修全; 王洪玲; 曹云亮; 李元秀

    2013-01-01

      背景:周围性面神经损伤治疗包括手术、理疗及药物等方法,但有些情况下治疗效果并不十分理想。目的:研究自体富血小板血浆在面神经损伤修复中的作用。方法:将健康大耳白兔10只双侧面神经上颊支横断后置入硅胶神经再生导管,一侧注入富血小板血浆为实验侧,另一侧注入生理盐水为对照侧。术后8周进行面神经大体观察、神经电生理检测、组织学观察、图像分析、评价面神经再生恢复情况。结果与结论:实验侧口轮匝肌动作电位潜伏期明显低于对照侧,复合神经肌肉动作电位振幅(M 波)明显高于对照侧(P <0.01)。实验侧再生神经更显成熟,再生轴突较多,髓鞘分化较好,髓鞘厚度较均匀,再生轴突的直径接近正常,神经轴突较密集,排列较规则,神经纤维外膜较较对照组增厚,胶原纤维、弹力纤维层较对照组增多;对照侧再生轴突数目较少,分布不均匀,轴突发育较差,并见大量纤维结缔组织,空泡变性较实验侧为多。实验侧再生神经在有髓轴突直径、面积、髓鞘厚度及轴突计数等方面均明显优于对照侧,两组差异有显著性(P <0.01)。提示富血小板血浆在面神经损伤修复再生中具有促进作用。%BACKGROUND: Therapeutic methods for of peripheral facial nerve injury include surgery, physical therapy and drug treatment, but the treatment effect is not ideal in some certain cases. OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of autologous platelet rich plasma on repair of facial nerve injury. METHODS: The bilateral destroyed buccal nerve branches of the 10 white rabbits were put in silica gel nerve regeneration chamber, one side injected with platelet rich plasma as experimental group, the other side injected with normal saline as control group. The general observation, neuroelectrophysiology detection, histological observation, image analysis and

  12. Research advances on platelet-rich fibrin in oral tissue regeneration%富血小板纤维蛋白应用于口腔组织再生研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付越; 刘尧; 陈旭

    2016-01-01

    富血小板纤维蛋白(platelet-rich fibrin,PRF)是自体来源的富含白细胞、血小板的纤维蛋白生物材料,为第二代血小板浓缩物.PRF中含有多种生长因子,可为参与组织再生的间充质干细胞提供生物性的生长环境;此外,其纤维成分也可起到生物支架作用.文章对PRF应用于口腔组织再生的研究进展做一综述.

  13. 富血小板纤维蛋白用于骨组织再生研究进展%The research advances of platelet-rich fibrin in bone regeneration

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    杨颖; 仲维剑

    2012-01-01

    富血小板纤维蛋白(platelet rich fibrin,PRF)是新一代的血小板浓缩物,它是自身静脉血经离心分层后,位于贫血小板血浆层与红细胞碎片层之间的富含血小板的纤维蛋白凝胶.PRF富含高浓度的血小板、多种生长因子、纤维蛋白原和免疫细胞,可促进骨组织和软组织的修复与再生,并且具有一定的抗感染能力.本文将对PRF作用机制的研究进展以及其在口腔颌面部组织再生中的应用现状进行综述.

  14. Long palatal connective tissue rolled pedicle graft with demineralized freeze-dried bone allograft plus platelet-rich fibrin combination: A novel technique for ridge augmentation - Three case reports

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    Pathakota Krishnajaneya Reddy

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Replacement of missing maxillary anterior tooth with localized residual alveolar ridge defect is challenging, considering the high esthetic demand. Various soft and hard tissue procedures were proposed to correct alveolar ridge deformities. Novel techniques have evolved in treating these ridge defects to improve function and esthetics. In the present case reports, a novel technique using long palatal connective tissue rolled pedicle graft with demineralized freeze-dried bone allografts (DFDBAs plus Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF combination was proposed to correct the Class III localized anterior maxillary anterior alveolar ridge defect. The present technique resulted in predictable ridge augmentation, which can be attributed to the soft and hard tissue augmentation with a connective tissue pedicle and DFDBA plus PRF combination. This technique suggests a variation in roll technique with DFDBA plus PRF and appears to promise in gaining predictable volume in the residual ridge defect and can be considered for the treatment of moderate to severe maxillary anterior ridge defects.

  15. Effect of autologous platelet-rich plasma on the wound healing of cosmetic surgery%自体富血小板血浆促进美容外科伤口愈合的临床观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程飚; 刘宏伟; 唐建兵; 肖丽玲; 张宏斌; 单桂秋

    2011-01-01

    目的 观察与评价自体富血小板血浆在美容整形外科中的应用效果.方法 选取2006年2月~2010年12月共6名在广州军区广州总医院激光整形美容中心和暨南大学第一附属医院整形烧伤外科接受美容整形手术治疗的患者,其中面部除皱2例,双颞部凹陷自体脂肪充填2例,自体脂肪隆胸1例,乳房提升术1例.术前抽取患者静脉血液20~60 ml.通过离心技术收集富血小板成分的血浆,在一侧术区外用,对侧不做其他特殊处理.结果 随访时间1~2年,使用自体富血小板血浆的一侧,创面愈合质量有显著提升,瘢痕减少.结论 自体富血小板血浆能显著提高美容整形手术的愈合能力及自体脂肪移植的成活率,且该方法 操作简单,可行性强,值得临床推广.%Objective To observe and evaluate the efficacy of autologous platelet-rich plasma on wound healing after cosmetic operation. Methods Six female patients undergoing plastic surgery were recruited from Guangzhou General Hospital of Guangzhou Military Region and the First Affiliated Hospital of Jinan University,from Feb,2006 to Dec,2010. Two cases underwent face lifting,2 autologous fat filling of double-temporal depression, 1 breast lifting with autologous fat, 1 reduction mammaplasty. Twenty to sixty milliliters of venous blood was withdrawn from each patient prior to surgery and platelet rich plasma was prepared. The wounds on one side of the body were treated with autologous platelet-rich plasma on top of standard wound care, and those on the other side were treated with standard care to serve as controls. The quality of wound healing was assessed. Results After 1 to 2 years of follow-up, the healing of the wounds treated by autologous platelet-rich plasma was significantly better with reduced scars,compared to the control wounds. The survival of the injected fat was better as compared to the control. Conclusion Autologous platelet-rich plasma can significantly

  16. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP for acute muscle injury: a systematic review.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamad Shariff A Hamid

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Acute muscle injury is one of the commonest injuries that often result in loss of training and competition time. The best management for muscle injury has not been identified. Sports medicine practitioners used several approaches in attempt to accelerate time to recovery from muscle injury. More recently growing interest focussed on autologous blood product injection. METHODS: A literature search was conducted systematically using OvidMEDLINE, PubMed, EMBASE, SPORTDiscus and CINAHL databases to retrieve articles published until December 2012. Controlled trials and controlled laboratory studies comparing different strategies to promote early recovery of muscle injury were included. The methodological quality of studies was assessed. RESULTS: There are limited studies on the effects of PRP therapy for muscle injury. Three in vivo laboratory studies and one pilot human study were reviewed. The laboratory studies reported histological evidence on significant acceleration of muscle healing in animals treated with autologous conditioned serum (ACS, platelet-rich plasma (PRP and platelet rich fibrin matrix (PRFM. A pilot human study found athletes treated with repeated ACS injection recovers significantly faster than retrospective controls. CONCLUSION: Several in vivo laboratory studies suggest beneficial effects of ACS, PRP and PRFM in accelerating muscle recovery. Evidence to suggest similar effects on humans is however limited, as valuable information from robust human controlled trials is still not available at this moment. Hence, more studies of satisfactory methodological quality with platelet-rich plasma interventions on muscle injury are justified.

  17. MORPHOGENESIS OF KNEE HYALINE CARTILAGE DURING INTRAARTICULAR INJECTION OF PLATELET-RICH AUTOLOGOUS PLASMA AND/OR HYALURONIC ACID PREPARATION IN RATS WITH EXPERIMENTAL OSTEOARTHRITIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. A. Demkin

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available According to current concepts, the influence of autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP and high molecular hyaluronates (HA on the repair of hyaline cartilage during its inflammatory and degenerative changes has been insufficiently studied yet. The objective of the work was to evaluate the morphological changes in the structure of hyaline cartilage in experimental osteoarthritis after intra-articular injection of PRP and/or HA. Material and methods. The authors used 50 adult rats of Wistar line, weighing 250±2,2 g., distributed into five groups of 10 animals (two control and three experimental groups. An experimental gonarthosis was simulated on four groups of animals. Animals of the first experimental group received intra-articular injection of PRP, the second group – HA, the third – both PRP and HA. Results. No morphological signs of degenerative and inflammatory changes in the first control group were identified. Following osteoarthritis simulation the articular cartilage thinned to 121±20,4 microns (p<0,05 and the volume fraction of chondrocyte decreased to 1,2±0,6% (p<0,05. The authors observed an uneven coloration of collagen fibers with severe tinctorial properties disorder of the articular cartilage matrix. After the RPR introduction the authors observed tickening of the articular cartilage up to 275±18,9 micron (p<0,05 and the volume fraction of chondrocytes up to 18,4±2,0% (p<0,05. The contour of the cartilage surface became smoother with the formation of a cell-free zone. Collagen fibers demonstrated a uniform distribution, tinctorial properties of cartilage matrix in all areas were preserved, no signs of inflammation were noted. After HA introduction the authors observed thickening of the cartilage plate up to 264±21,3 microns (p<0,05 and the volume fraction of chondrocytes up to 11,6±1,2% (p<0,05. The surface of the cartilage featured uneven contours due to multiple areas of pulping. Uneven tinctorial properties of cartilage

  18. Study on the effect of platelet rich fibrin on the growth, production of acid and adhesion of Streptococcus%富血小板纤维蛋白对变形链球菌影响的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    齐鹏鹏; 王景云; 孟粼; 于士洋; 李雨珊; 王红红

    2016-01-01

    目的 研究富血小板纤维蛋白(platelet-rich ibrin,PRF)对变形链球菌生长、产酸和粘附的影响.方法 选用变形链球菌标准菌株UA 159,制备PRF膜片及PRF浸出液(Platelet-rich fibrin extract,PRFe),将变形链球菌标准菌株UA159菌悬液接种于含有不同数量PRF膜片的BHI液体培养基中,培养48小时后,观察PRF对变形链球茵生长、产酸影响;用含有不同浓度PRF浸出液的BHI培养液培养变形链球菌48小时后,观察PRF对变形链球菌粘附性的影响.结果 PRF对UA159生长、产酸和粘附均有抑制作用,且随着PRF膜片数量的增加或PRF浸出液浓度的增高抑制作用逐渐增强.结论 PRF能抑制变形链球茵生长、产酸和粘附,并且随着PRF膜片量数的增加或PRF浸出液浓度的增高,抑制作用增强.

  19. Comparative study between fibrin glue and platelet rich plasma in dogs skin grafts Estudo comparativo entre a cola de fibrina e o plasma rico em plaquetas em enxertos cutâneos em cães

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Larissa Correa Hermeto

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available PURPOSE: Compare fibrin glue (Tissucol® and platelet-rich plasma in full-thickness mesh skin grafts in dogs. METHODS: Eighteen dogs were used, divided into two groups: fibrin glue (FG and platelet-rich plasma (PRP. In all the animals, a full-thickness 3x3 cm mesh skin graft was implanted. In the left limb, the biomaterial was place between the graft and the receptor bed, according to the group, while the right limb served as the control group. All the animals were evaluated clinically every 48 hours until the 14th day, using the variables of exudation, coloration, edema and cosmetic appearance. Three animals were evaluated histologically, on the third, seventh and tenth postoperative days, using the variables of fibroblasts, collagen, granulation tissue, microscopic integration-adherence and acute inflammation. RESULTS: Clinical evaluations showed that the group CF showed better scores for all variables compared to PRP group. On the histological evaluations PRP group had a higher presence of fibroblasts in the seventh and fourteenth days. CONCLUSION: The fibrin glue group was clinically superior to the platelet-rich group when used on full-thickness skin grafts in dogs.OBJETIVO: Comparar a cola de fibrina (Tissucol® e o plasma rico em plaquetas em enxertos cutâneos de espessura completa em malha em cães. MÉTODOS: Foram utilizados 18 cães, distribuídos em dois grupos, cola de fibrina (CF e plasma rico em plaquetas (PRP. Em todos os animais foi realizado um enxerto cutâneo de 3x3 cm, em malha de espessura completa. No membro esquerdo foi colocado o biomaterial entre o enxerto e o leito receptor, cada qual em seu grupo, o membro direito serviu como grupo controle. Todos os animais foram avaliados clinicamente a cada 48 horas até o décimo quarto dia, através das variáveis: exsudação, coloração, edema e aspecto cosmético; histologicamente em três animais, no terceiro, sétimo e décimo quarto dia de pós-operatório através das

  20. Investigation of production and influential factors of platelet-rich fibrin%富血小板纤维蛋白体外释放VEGF影响因素的探讨

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    李龙; 赵建辉; 刘斌; 令狐大科; 刘彦普; 梁丽华; 杨勇; 杨涛

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the influence factors of platelet -rich fibrin (PRF) releasing vascular endothelialgrowth factor (VEGF) with two different kinds of collection tubes (dry glass tubes and plastic tubes) and with differentstorage temperature (4 degree and 37degree). Methods PRF was produced with two different kinds of collection tubes(dry glass tubes and plastic tubes) from healthy rabbit's medium-sized artery of the ears, and saved in different storagetemperature (4 degree and 37degree ) to test the quantity of released VEGF,and it was tested at seven experimentaltimes: 20 min, 4 h, 24 h (day 1),72h (day 3),120 h (day 5) and 168 h (day 7),0-168h(7days) with ELISA kit. ResultsThe total quantity of VEGF with dry glass tubes was higher than that with plastic tubes, in the temperature group itshowed that the total quantity of VEGF saved in 4 degree was higher than in the 37 degree. Conclusion Different kindsof collection tubes and different storage temperatures may affect the characteristics of PRF.The production of PRFshould use dry glass tubes and PRF should be saved at 4 degree before it was used.%目的:探讨不同材质的离心管和储存温度对制备的富血小板纤维蛋白(platelet-rich fibrin,PRF)释放血管内皮生长因子(vascular endothelial growth factor,VEGF)的影响.方法:分别用玻璃离心管和塑料离心管从健康家兔耳中动脉采血制备PRF,制备成PRF膜片后,加入无菌DMEM培养液各分为两组置于37℃和4℃条件下,并分别从 20min,4h,24h,72h,120h,168h,0~168h七个时间点收集PRF样本,用ELISA试剂盒检测各时间点VEGF的含量情况.结果:4℃条件下保存的PRF膜片释放VEGF含量高于37℃,玻璃离心管制备的PRF释放的VEGF含量高于塑料离心管.结论:不同的材质离心管和不同的储藏温度对PRF的特性存在一定影响,PRF的制备宜用玻璃离心管,在使用前宜储藏于4℃条件下.

  1. 富血小板纤维蛋白体外释放TGF-β1浓度的探讨%To investigate the concentration of platelet-rich fibrin releasing transforming growth factor-β1 in vitro

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    陈诚; 张文丽; 李淑慧; 李一鸣; 周晶; 吴佩玲

    2014-01-01

    Objective:We detected the concentration of transforming growth factor-β1 in platelet-rich fibrin,to find the tendency that platelet-rich fibrin releasing TGF-β1 in vitro. Method:Blood was taken from central artery of rabbits,to preparation the film of PRF at 3000 r/min for 10 minutes.Add them to five milliliters of fresh DMEM,the time points to col-lect exudates was in day 7,14,21,28 at 37 ℃. And detect the TGF-β1 concentration by ELISA. Result:The mass concen-tration of TGF-β1 in PRF is increases with the increasing of time,at its peak to 28 days,TGF-β1 mass concentration in 21~28 days shows the tendency of a significantly higher. Conclusion:Different time have a certain influence on the mass con-centration of TGF-β1 in PRF exudates changes.With the increase of time, the concentration of TGF-β1 increased gradually.%目的:通过检测富血小板纤维蛋白(PRF)中转化生长因子-β1的浓度,了解PRF体外释放效用因子TGF-β1的趋势。方法:兔耳中央动脉抽血,离心3000 r/min×10 min,制取PRF膜,置于5 mL新鲜DMEM溶液中,分别于37℃下静置7 d、14 d、21 d、28 d收集析出液。ELISA法检测其浓度。结果:PRF析出液中TGF-β1质量浓度随着时间的递增而增大,至28 d时达到高峰,TGF-β1质量浓度在21~28 d时呈现一个显著增高的趋势。结论:不同时间对PRF析出液中TGF-β1的质量浓度变化存在一定的影响,随着时间的增加,TGF-β1的浓度逐渐增大。

  2. 微针导入自体富血小板血浆对面部年轻化的疗效研究%Effect of delivery autologous platelet rich plasma into skin with microneedle for facial rejuvenation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余晶; 冯幼平; 吴毅平

    2015-01-01

    Objective To observe the clinical effect of delivering autologous platelet rich plasma into skin with microneedles for facial rejuvenation. Methods 18 cases volunteers were treated for facial rejuvenation by delivery autologous platelet rich plasma into skin through micropores which the microneedle made.The 2ml autologous platelet rich plasma was extracted from 16ml whole blood by centrifuge.One session every 30 days,all 18 volunteers were treated 3 times.We assess its effect by questionaires for subjective evaluation,and objective evalation with digital skin analyzers to record the raw pictures and data before and after treatment. Results All 18 volunteers were obsevered significantimprovement of facial skin scores,miosture,elasticity,complexion,olein(P<0.05). Conclusion It is efficient to improve faciacal skin texture by delivering autologous Platelet Rich Plasma into skin with microneedle,it is an alternative for facial rejuvenation.%目的:探讨经微针皮肤导入自体富血小板血浆对面部年轻化的疗效与安全性.方法:对18例健康志愿者,抽取16ml静脉血,通过2次离心后得到约2.0ml自体富血小板血浆;采用电动纳米微针在面部逐点振动点刺,同时将自体富血小板血浆滴注到皮肤,通过微针制造的针孔导入皮肤组织内发挥疗效.每30d重复一次,3个月为一疗程,每次治疗前后采用MC760数字皮肤测试仪测试面部皮肤,比较皮肤水分、弹性、色斑、油脂等变化,通过皮肤状态问卷评估志愿者对治疗的满意度.结果:18例志愿者面部皮肤水分、弹性、色斑、油脂等指标和主观评分在治疗前后,自身对照有明显改善(P<0.05),无并发症发生.结论:使用微针导入自体富血小板血浆对面部年轻化治疗的疗效,为面部年轻化治疗提供了新的方法.

  3. The application of autologous platelet-rich plasma for hair loss%自体富血小板血浆在脱发治疗中的应用

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    王羿婷; 毕志刚

    2014-01-01

    自体富血小板血浆(autologous platelet-rich plasma, PRP)包含高度浓缩的血小板,其中富含多种生长因子,它可以促进细胞增生和分化。根据其促进伤口修复的特性,已被广泛应用于临床,包括整形科、口腔外科及皮肤科。近期文献显示, PRP在毛发移植术后的使用能减轻血肿及疼痛,并能帮助增加毛发密度。

  4. Comparative study on platelet-rich fibrin and platelet-rich plasma in repair of rabbit parietal bone defect%富血小板纤维蛋白与富血小板血浆修复兔颅顶骨缺损的比较研究

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    何通文; 韩耀辉; 牟兰; 徐庚池; 师爱萍; 葛振林

    2014-01-01

    目的 比较富血小板纤维蛋白(platelet-rich fibrin,PRF)与富血小板血浆(platelet-rich plasma,PRP)的成骨效果,探讨应用PRF修复骨缺损的方法. 方法 选择16只新西兰大白兔,在每只大白兔的颅顶骨上各制备4个直径为7 mm的骨缺损区,分为A、B、C、D区,然后根据填人材料的不同进行分组:A区填入PRF(PRF组)、B区填入PRF可吸收骨材料Bio-Oss骨粉(B0)(PRF+ BO组)、C区填入PRP+ BO(PRP+ BO组),D区填入PRP(PRP组),每组4只,术后2,4,8,12周分别行大体观察、X线片及组织学观察缺损区变化;并进行缺损区骨密度和新生骨小梁面积分析(均以灰度值表示). 结果 2周各缺损区已出现骨修复;4,8,12周各组缺损区骨修复效果均依次向好,其中B区最好,其次C区,A区好于D区.术后2周,A、B、C、D区骨小梁面积分别为10.95 ±0.58,15.45 ±0.79,10.22 ±0.43,6.58±0.64,任意两组比较差异均有统计学意义(F=22.869,P<0.01);术后4,8周,各组骨小梁面积均增加;12周时,A、B、C、D区骨小梁面积依次为35.09±0.58,59.44 ±0.60,50.75±1.56,30.94±1.19,任意两组比较差异均有统计学意义(F=1 002.904,P<0.01),结果显示,骨修复效果B区最好,其次C区,A区好于D区. 结论 PRF的成骨效果优于PRP,并且PRF复合BO修复骨缺损效果更好.%Objective To compare the osteogenesis effect of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) and platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and investigate the methods of repairing bone defect with PRF.Methods Four defects measuring 7 mm in diameter were made in the parietal bone of 16 New Zealand white rabbits.The defects named A,B,C,and D and were filled with PRF,PRF-mixed Bio-Oss (BO),PRP-mixed BO,and PRP separately.Every four rabbits were sacrificed at postoperative 2,4,8,and 12 weeks and defects were examined grossly,radiographically,and histologically.Besides,bone mineral density and bone trabecular area were determined and expressed as gray-scale values.Results Newly regenerated bone appeared

  5. Analysis of the rate of maturogenesis of a traumatized Cvek's stage 3 anterior tooth treated with platelet-rich fibrin as a regenerative tool using three-dimensional cone-beam computed tomography: an original case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solomon, Raji Viola; Faizuddin, Umrana; Guniganti, Sushma Shravani; Waghray, Shefali

    2015-01-01

    Regenerative endodontic procedures are biologically based procedures which deal with the regeneration of pulp-like tissue, more idealistically the pulp-dentin complex. The regeneration of this pulp-dentin complex in an infected necrotic tooth with an open apex is possible only when the canal is effectively disinfected. Though there are various procedures for treating open apex ranging from Ca(OH) 2 apexification, mineral trioxide aggregate apexification and surgical approach, regeneration of tissues has always taken superior hand over the repair of tissues. The mechanics behind the regenerative endodontic procedures is that despite the tooth being necrotic, some pulp tissue can survive apically which under favorable conditions proliferate to aid in the process of regeneration. In the past 2 decades, an increased understanding of the physiological roles of platelets in wound healing and after tissue injury has led to the idea of using platelets as therapeutic tools in the field regenerative endodontics. In the present case report with an open apex, high sterilization protocol is followed using triple antibiotic paste as intra-canal medicament, followed which platelet rich fibrin is used as the regenerative material of choice. Over an 18-month follow-up period, clinically patient is asymptomatic and radiographically there is complete regression of the periapical lesion and initiation of the root end closure.

  6. Research of platelet-rich fibrin and its application in tissue repair%富血小板纤维蛋白的研究及在组织修复中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许方方; 刘斌

    2015-01-01

    Platelet-rich fibrin(PRF)is a concentrated source similar to a natural blood clot that contains rich cytokines and growth factors. Due to its function in helping repair tissue defects,PRF has been widely accepted in experimental and clinical studies. This arti-cle reviewed the research progress of the preparation of the PRF,its physiological characteristics,and its application in tissue repair.%富血小板纤维蛋白(PRF)是含有丰富的细胞因子和生长因子等类似天然血凝块的浓缩体。因有助于修复组织缺损,在实验和临床应用研究中得到了广泛的认可。该文就PRF 的制备、生理特性、组织修复的应用等研究进展作一综述。

  7. The effect of platelet-rich fibrin on biologic characteristics of osteoblasts%富血小板纤维蛋白对体外培养的成骨细胞生物学特性的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙晓琳; 周延民; 赵静辉; 郑玲; 杨婷婷

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨富血小板纤维蛋白(platelet-rich fibrin,PRF)对成骨细胞生物学特性的影响.方法:体外培养成骨细胞MG63,实验组采用PRF,对照组为正常高糖DMEM培养液.以MTT法检测细胞增殖,碱性磷酸酶(ALP)染色法检测ALP活性,免疫组织化学法检测Ⅰ型胶原、骨保护素(OPG)及其配体(RANKL)的表达.采用SPSS17.0软件包对数据进行统计学分析.结果:PRF能够促进细胞增殖、ALP分泌、Ⅰ型胶原和骨保护素的表达,对骨保护素配体的表达影响不明显.结论:PRF能够促进成骨细胞增殖、分化及骨保护素的表达,PRF可能通过对骨保护素及其配体的调节,参与骨的重建过程.

  8. Effects of platelet-rich fibrin on osteogenic differentiation of the rabbit adipose-derived stem cells%富血小板纤维蛋白对兔脂肪干细胞成骨分化的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐炜; 王明国; 马锋; 杨世茂; 林夏莲; 于彦领; 张新新

    2013-01-01

    目的:体外分离培养兔脂肪干细胞(adipose-derived stem cells,ADSCs),鉴定其分化能力并观察富血小板纤维蛋白(platelet-rich fibrin,PRF)对ADSCs成骨分化的影响.方法:取新西兰兔腹股沟处的脂肪组织,将其分离获得脂肪干细胞,培养至第三代用于实验.分别以油红O、茜素红染色鉴定其成脂和成骨分化能力.取兔耳中央动脉血一次离心法制备PRF膜.将脂肪干细胞分为2组:对照组不含PRF膜;实验组含PRF膜.用碱性磷酸酶(ALP)试剂盒检测不同时间点PRF对ADSCs成骨分化的影响.结果:脂肪干细胞呈长梭形贴壁生长;油红O及茜素红染色均呈阳性;在不同的时间点,实验组ALP活性值均高于对照组(P<0.05).结论:ADSCs具有成骨的潜能,且PRF可以促进ADSCs向成骨细胞分化.

  9. The mechanism of tissue healing promoted by platelet-rich fibrin%富血小板纤维蛋白促进组织愈合机制的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗晓丁; 李丹; 张剑明

    2011-01-01

    目的:通过检测富血小板纤维蛋白(platelet-rich fibrin,PRF)中多种细胞因子的表达,探讨其在组织再生修复中的作用.方法:取健康志愿者肘静脉全血制备PRF标本,通过免疫组化的实验方法,检测标本中IL-1 β、IL-4、IL-6、TNF、PDGF-BB和TGF-β 1的表达.结果:免疫组化结果表明富血小板纤维蛋白标本中IL-1 β、IL-4、IL-6、TNF、PDGF-BB和TGF-β 1均为阳性表达.结论:富血小板纤维蛋白中含有多种细胞因子,这些细胞因子与纤维蛋白共同发挥作用使PRF具有减少术后反应、降低术后感染风险和促进组织愈合的作用.

  10. Preliminary clinical observation for platelet-rich fibrin in site preservation%富血小板纤维蛋白位点保存技术的初步临床观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王彬娉; 徐普; 王秀丽; 陆丽英; 郁豆; 王雅雯; 程亚楠; 郑统文

    2015-01-01

    目的:观察后牙区拔牙同期在拔牙窝内充填自体富血小板纤维蛋白(platelet-rich fibrin,PRF)行位点保存,预防牙槽嵴吸收的临床效果.方法:对30例要求拔除后牙区患牙后作牙种植修复的病例,拔牙后即刻在牙槽窝内充填PRF进行位点保存,4~6个月拍摄锥形束CT(cone beam computer tomography,CBCT)观察牙槽骨宽度和高度的变化.结果:后牙区拔牙同期行PRF位点保存术后牙槽骨的宽度和高度与拔牙前比较,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).结论:PRF位点保存技术可以很好地维持后牙区牙槽嵴骨量,为后期的种植提供良好的牙槽骨条件.

  11. To evaluate the clinical effects of PRF (Platelet-Rich-Fibrin) membranes in gingival recessions%富血小板纤维蛋白膜(PRF)治疗牙龈退缩的临床效果评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    裴延平; 林松杉; 章禾

    2015-01-01

    目的:采用Choukroun's富血小板纤维蛋白膜(PRF膜)手术治疗牙龈退缩,对治疗前后的临床效果进行评价. 方法:选取有牙龈退缩且有意愿进行PRF手术治疗的MillerⅠ~Ⅱ度患者10例,采用PRF手术,在术前、术后不同时间点(术后3、6、12个月)分别测量牙周袋深度、附着龈宽度、附着丧失,对比治疗前后的临床效果.结果:牙周袋深度术前术后无显著性差异(P>0.05);角化龈宽度增加,术前与术后各组之间有显著性差异(P0.05);The width keratinized gingival is increasing,A signifi-cant change in it after operation as compared with every group before operation (P <0.05);To cover part or all of root sur-face,A significant change after operation as compared with every group before operation(P<0.05). Conclusion:For gingival Recessions,It can be achieved a better Clinical effects by Platelet-Rich-Fibrin(PRF) Membranes.

  12. Treatment of life-threatening wounds with a combination of allogenic platelet-rich plasma, fibrin glue and collagen matrix, and a literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asadi, Mehdi; Alamdari, Daryoush Hamidi; Rahimi, Hamid Reza; Aliakbarian, Mohsen; Jangjoo, Ali; Abdollahi, Abbas; Bahar, Mostafa Mehrabi; Azadmand, Ali; Forghani, Naser; Sadegh, Mohammad Nori; Khayamy, Mohammad Esmail; Seifalian, Alexander

    2014-08-01

    Currently there is no ideal procedure for the treatment of recalcitrant ulcers that are unresponsive to the majority of common treatments. However, several novel approaches have been proposed, including bone marrow stem cells, platelets, fibrin glue and collagen matrix. For the first approach treatment of a chronic wound, a non-invasive method is highly desirable. The present study was undertaken with the aim of evaluating the effect of a combination of platelets, fibrin glue and collagen matrix (PFC) in one treatment. A total of ten patients with aggressive, refractory, life-threatening wounds were recruited for the study and their treatment effects were evaluated. Initially, the ulcers were extensively debrided, measured and photographed at weekly intervals. The PFC combination was applied topically to the wound every two days. Following treatment, the wound was completely closed in nine patients and was markedly reduced in the other patient. The mean 100% healing time for the nine patients was 11.3±5.22 weeks. There was no evidence of local or systemic complications or any abnormal tissue formation, keloid or hypertrophic scarring. Therefore, the results of the present study indicate that in the first approach, the combination of PFC components may be used safely in order to synergize the effect of chronic wound healing.

  13. 自体血小板胶中转化生长因子-β1浓度的影响因素%Influencing Factors of Transforming Growth Factor β1 Concentration in Autologous Platelet-rich Gel

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱业华; 马春会; 郭如华; 何其通; 谭瑞元; 栾晓军; 梁明

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨自体血小板胶(Autologous platelet-rich gel,APG)中转化生长因子-β1(Transforming growth factor beta 1,TGF-β1)浓度的影响因素.方法 用一体性塑料血袋分别采集40名健康人的静脉血50 ml,采用两次离心法制备富血小板血浆(Platelet-rich plasma,PRP),用血细胞分析仪检测静脉血和PRP中的血小板数目;将PRP与凝血酶和钙剂混合液按体积比10:1的比例混合,制备APG,采用ELISA法定量分析APG中的TGF-β1浓度;选择5个参数(年龄、性别、静脉血血小板计数、PRP中血小板平均计数及静脉血制备前保存温度)进行多元线性回归分析.结果 PRP中血小板平均计数[(1232.23±195.45)×109个/L]约为静脉血[(195.95±42.29)×109个/L]的6倍;APG中TGF-β1的平均浓度为(5.83±2.31)ng/ml,与制备前静脉血保存温度密切相关(P<0.000 5),而与年龄、性别、静脉血血小板计数和PRP中血小板计数无关.结论 制备前APG的静脉血样本应保存于室温(20~24℃)下.%Objective To investigate the influencing factors of transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1) concentration in autologous platelet-rich gel (APG). Methods Venous blood were collected from 40 healthy volunteers, 50 ml for each, by integrated plastic blood collection bags, with which platelet-rich plasma (PRP) was prepared by two steps of centrifugation. The platelets in venous blood and PRP were counted by blood cell analyzer. APG was prepared by mixing PRP with the mixture of thrombin and calcium, at a volume ratio of 10:1 and determined for TGF-β1 concentration by ELISA. Multiple linear regression analysis was performed on five parameters, i. e. age, sex, platelet count in venous blood, mean platelet count in PRP and temperature for storage of venous blood before preparation of PRP. Results The mean platelet count in PRP[ (1 232. 23 ± 195.45) × 109 platelets/L] was about 6 times higher than that in venous blood [( 195.95 ± 42. 29) × 109 platelets/L]. The mean

  14. Platelet-rich plasma gel composited with nondegradable porous polyurethane scaffolds as a potential auricular cartilage alternative.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Zhongshan; Qin, Haiyan; Feng, Zhihong; Zhao, Yimin

    2016-02-01

    Total auricular reconstruction is still a challenge, and autologous cartilage transplant is the main therapy so far. Tissue engineering provides a promising method for auricular cartilage reconstruction. However, although degradable framework demonstrated excellent initial cosmetic details, it is difficult to maintain the auricular contour over time and the metabolites tended to be harmful to human body. In this study, biocompatible and safe nondegradable elastic polyurethane was used to make porous scaffold in specific details by rapid prototyping technology. Platelet-rich plasma contains fibrin and abundant autologous growth factors, which was used as cell carriers for in vitro expanded cells. When crosslinking polyurethane framework, platelet-rich plasma and cells together, we successfully made polyurethane/platelet-rich plasma/cell composites, and implanted them into dorsal subcutaneous space of nude mice. The results showed that this method resulted in more even cell distribution and higher cell density, promoted chondrocyte proliferation, induced higher level expressions of aggrecan and type II collagen gene, increased content of newly developed glycosaminoglycans, and produced high-quality cartilaginous tissue. This kind of cartilage tissue engineering approach may be a potential promising alternative for external ear reconstruction.

  15. Posterolateral arthrodesis in lumbar spine surgery using autologous platelet-rich plasma and cancellous bone substitute: an osteoinductive and osteoconductive effect.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tarantino, Roberto; Donnarumma, Pasquale; Mancarella, Cristina; Rullo, Marika; Ferrazza, Giancarlo; Barrella, Gianna; Martini, Sergio; Delfini, Roberto

    2014-08-01

    Study Design Prospective cohort study. Objectives To analyze the effectiveness and practicality of using cancellous bone substitute with platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in posterolateral arthrodesis. Methods Twenty consecutive patients underwent posterolateral arthrodesis with implantation of cancellous bone substitute soaked with PRP obtained directly in the operating theater on the right hemifield and cancellous bone substitute soaked with saline solution on the right. Results Computed tomography scans at 6 and 12 months after surgery were performed in all patients. Bone density was investigated by comparative analysis of region of interest. The data were analyzed with repeated-measures variance analyses with value of density after 6 months and value of density after 12 months, using age, levels of arthrodesis, and platelet count as covariates. The data demonstrated increased bone density using PRP and heterologous cancellous block resulting in an enhanced fusion rate during the first 6 months after surgery. Conclusions PRP used with cancellous bone substitute increases the rate of fusion and bone density joining osteoinductive and osteoconductive effect.

  16. Treatment of non-healing sternum wound after open-heart surgery with allogenic platelet-rich plasma and fibrin glue-preliminary outcomes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Abbasi Tashnizi

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Non-healing wound in the sternal region after coronary arteries bypass graft surgery is a serious complication. For healing a chronic wound, several novel approaches have been proposed recently such as using bone marrow stem cells, platelets and fibrin glue (PFG; but a non-invasive method is highly desirable in the first approach for treatment. The current study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of the combination of PFG in one treatment. Materials and Methods: We report on the treatment of six patients with life-threatening chronic sternum wounds, which caused septicemia with multi-drug resistant pathogens. The ulcers were extensively debrided initially and were measured and photographed at weekly intervals. The combination of PFG was applied topically on the wound after every 2 days. Results: The wounds were completely closed in five patients and significantly reduced in size in one. There was no evidence of local or systemic complications and any abnormal tissue formation, keloid or hypertrophic scarring. Conclusions: Our study suggests, in the first approach, PFG can be used safely in order to heal a non healing sternum wound following coronary artery bypass surgery.

  17. PRF治疗牙龈退缩的对照研究%Controlled clinical study of treatment of gingival recession using Platelet-Rich-Fibrin (PRF) membranes with connective tissue graft

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    裴延平; 林松杉; 章禾

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To provide the Clinical evaluation of Choukroun's platelet-Rich-Fibrin (PRF) Membranes in treatment of gingival recessions contrasting connective tissue graft. Method:Choose 13 patients of Gingival Recessions in-tend to surgical treatment, measure periodontal pocket depth, width of attached gingival and loss of attachment level in pre-operative and postoperative 3 months. TO contrast the Clinical effect of Choukroun's PRF Membranes in Gingival Reces-sions. Result:It has no statistically significant change in Periodontal pocket depth by surgery for both groups (P>0.05);The width keratinized gingival and vertical gingival recession depth are increasing after operation, have statistically significant changes compared with pre-operation (P0.05);It was fewer for the PRF group in comparison with the control group for vertical gingival recession depth(P<0.05).Conclusion:For root coverage, it can be achieved a better clinical effects by Platelet-Rich-Fibrin (PRF) membranes ,especially for Miller ClassⅠorⅡ.%目的:通过对比观察采用Choukroun's富血小板纤维蛋白膜(PRF膜)和采用结缔组织瓣治疗牙龈退缩的临床效果。方法:临床上选取有牙龈退缩且有意愿进行手术治疗的患者13例,分为PRF膜组和对照组,分别实施手术治疗,在术前、术后3个月测量牙周袋深度(PD)、角化龈宽度(KTW)以及牙龈退缩量,并对结果进行对照分析。结果:两组数据中牙周袋深度术前术后比较均无显著性差异(P≤0.05);角化龈宽度和牙龈退缩量术前术后比较均有显著性差异(P≥0.05)。角化龈宽度术后比较两组之间无显著性差异(P≥0.05);牙龈退缩量对照组小于PRF组(P≤0.05)。结论:PRF膜(富血小板纤维蛋白)治疗牙龈退缩的根面覆盖量虽不及结缔组织瓣+冠向复位组,但对于MillerⅠ°、Ⅱ°同样可以达到很好的根面覆盖效果;且术后角化龈宽度明显增加

  18. 富血小板纤维蛋白膜片修复上颌窦瘘的临床研究%Clinical Research on the Application of Platelet-Rich Fibrin Membrane in the Repair of Oroantral Fistula

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄文生; 张先喜; 冯政武; 徐金平; 吴秋香; 易成刚

    2014-01-01

    目的:观察自体富血小板纤维蛋白(Platelet-rich fibrin,PRF)膜片修补口腔上颌窦瘘的临床疗效.方法:选取解放军第425医院疗养区眼耳鼻喉科2010年4月到2013年4月间24例上颌窦瘘患者,采用随机分组,其中A组12例患者各采静脉血20 mL制备PRF膜片修补上颌窦瘘,另外B组12例患者采用组织瓣法修补上颌窦瘘,比较两组患者的伤口一期愈合成功率以及6-12月后随访预后并进行统计学分析.结果:PRF膜片修补组手术均获得成功,而组织瓣修补组中采用带蒂颚粘膜瓣有l例失败,两组间一期愈合成功率无显著差异(P=0.755),随访发现颊侧黏骨膜瓣修补的患者术后口腔前庭沟均有不同程度变浅,而其它修补方法术后前庭沟无明显异常.结论:自体PRF膜片制备简单,用其修补上颌窦瘘效果确切,手术简单,并发症少,可应用于临床实践.

  19. Microstructure Studies on Platelet-rich Fibrin Repairing Bone Defects in the Beagle Dog%富血小板纤维蛋白修复犬股骨髁骨缺损的微观结构研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖琼; 董露; 杨琴秋; 孙勇; 陈红亮; 赵峰; 芦帅

    2016-01-01

    目的:通过建立beagle犬股骨髁的骨缺损模型,观察富血小板纤维蛋白(platelet-rich fibrin,PRF)诱导骨再生过程中新生骨的微观结构,评价PRF修复骨缺损的特点和优势,为PRF在诱导骨再生及颌骨重建的临床应用提供新的实验依据.方法:在实验犬股骨髁制备骨缺损,按Choukroun方法制备PRF膜,将PRF膜、Bio-Oss骨替代材料及自体骨骨松质随机填入3处骨缺损.12周、24周处死动物并取材,采用微焦点计算机断层摄影系统(microfocus computerizedtomography system,Micro-CT)检测分析新生骨的几何信息和结构信息.结果:PRF新生诱导骨骨小梁结构呈板状,厚度较厚,连续性和成熟度良好,数量稍少,接近自体骨组的成骨情况,优于Bio-Oss组;观察期内均数随时间延长,有向天然骨组衍变的趋势;PRF诱导成骨表现为向心性的特点.结论:PRF可诱导新生骨形成,成骨效果接近生理状态,表现为向心性成骨方式,具有良好的应用前景.

  20. The influence of centrifugal speed on biological characteristics of platelet-rich fibrin%离心速度对富血小板纤维蛋白生物学特性的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程亚楠; 徐普; 毛秋华; 廖军; 唐盛玉

    2016-01-01

    目的 探讨离心速度的不同对制备的富血小板纤维蛋白(platelet-rich fibrin,PRF)结构、白细胞与血小板回收率及生长因子释放量的影响.方法 分别采用3种离心速度(2500rpm;3000rpm;4000rpm)制备PRF,使用组织学和扫描电镜观察PRF凝胶结构;血细胞分析仪检测白细胞、血小板浓度;酶联免疫吸附实验(enzyme linkedimmunosorbent assay,ELISA)检测TGF-β1、PDGF-AB的浓度.结果 3种PRF凝胶的主体结构为纤维蛋白聚集形成的立体网状结构,血小板与白细胞主要集中在PRF凝胶的白膜层.2500rpm与3000rpm制备的PRF,血小板与白细胞回收率及TGF-β1、PDGF-AB的释放量高于4000rpm (P<0.05),2500rpm与3000rpm间的差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).结论 离心速度的不同会在一定程度上影响PRF的生物学特性,2500rpm与3000rpm是制备PRF较为理性的转速.

  1. 富血小板血纤蛋白的生物组成和功能%Biological composition and function of platelet-rich fibrin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗雯静; 赵静辉; 马珊珊; 孙千月; 郭天奇; 周延民

    2014-01-01

    富血小板血纤蛋白(PRF)制备简便,不需要加抗凝剂,无伦理道德争议及血液交叉感染。其立体三维结构使得PRF较富血小板血浆更坚实稳定。PRF为血管化的天然诱导物,其结构为免疫反应提供了天然支持,会影响上皮细胞和成纤维细胞的新陈代谢。其内的白细胞通过释放高质量分数的促炎因子白细胞介素-1β、4、6以及肿瘤坏死因子α和血管内皮生长因子,在抗感染、促组织愈合过程中起着重要的作用。PRF具有良好的骨诱导性,在即刻种植中将其用于辅助上颌窦提升,上颌窦骨密度和骨增量良好。PRF有利于骨髓间质干细胞的早期增殖和向成骨细胞的早期分化,明显促进人成骨细胞成骨相关有机基质分泌,促进成骨细胞早期成骨,抑制破骨细胞活化。本文就PRF的生物组成和功能,即诱导成骨、促软组织修复、促血管化和抗感染等研究进展作一综述。%Platelet-rich fibrin(PRF) has many advantages, such as easy preparation with no anticoagulant, no ethical controversy, and no blood cross-infection. Moreover, its three-dimensional structure makes PRF more solid and stable than platelet-rich plasma. PRF serves as a natural inducer of angiogenesis, and its structure provides natural support for immune responses. PRF can influence the metabolism of epithelial cells and fibroblasts. Leukocytes within PRF have important functions in resistance to infection and promotion of the tissue healing process by releasing high mass fractions of pro-inflammatory cytokines, including interleukin-1β, 4, 6, tumor necrosis factorα, and vascular endothelial growth factor. PRF exhibits good properties of osteoinduction, which is used to assist maxillary sinus lift

  2. Platelet-Rich Blood Derivatives for Stem Cell-Based Tissue Engineering and Regeneration

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Masoudi, E.A.; Ribas, J.; Kaushik, G.; Leijten, J.C.H.; Khademhosseini, A.

    2016-01-01

    Platelet-rich blood derivatives have been widely used in different fields of medicine and stem cell-based tissue engineering. They represent natural cocktails of autologous growth factors, which could provide an alternative for recombinant protein-based approaches. Platelet-rich blood derivatives, s

  3. The Effect of Autologous Platelet-Rich Gel on the Dynamic Changes of the Matrix Metalloproteinase-2 and Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-2 Expression in the Diabetic Chronic Refractory Cutaneous Ulcers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Lan; Chen, Dawei; Wang, Chun; Liu, Guanjian; Ran, Xingwu

    2015-01-01

    Aim. To investigate the dynamic changes on the expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) in the diabetic chronic refractory cutaneous ulcers after the autologous platelet-rich gel (APG) treatment. Methods. The study was developed at the Diabetic Foot Care Centre, West China Hospital. The granulation tissues from the target wounds were taken before and within 15 days after APG application. The expression of MMP-2 and TIMP-2 as well as transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) in the granulation tissue was detected by q TR-PCR and IHC. The relationship between the expression level of MMP-2 and TIMP-2 and their ratio and that of TGF-β1 was analyzed. Results. The expression of MMP-2 (P < 0.05) was suppressed, and the expression of TIMP-2 (P < 0.05) was promoted, while the ratio of MMP-2/TIMP-2 (P < 0.05) was decreased after APG treatments. The expression of TGF-β1 had negative correlation with the ratio of MMP-2/TIMP-2 (P < 0.05) and positive correlation with the expression of TIMP-2 (P < 0.05). Conclusions. APG treatment may suppress the expression of MMP-2, promoting that of the TIMP-2 in the diabetic chronic refractory cutaneous wounds. TGF-β1 may be related to these effects.

  4. 多孔羟基磷灰石与富血小板血浆和纤维蛋白胶复合修复骨缺损★%Compound of porous hydroxyapatite, platelet-rich plasma and fibrin glue in the treatment of bone defects

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘东光; 韦正超; 蔡道章; 郑军; 陈环球; 赖欢乐

    2013-01-01

      BACKGROUND: Autogenous bone graft is the best way to treat bone defects, but its limited sources and donor site complications restrain its clinical application. Therefore, to develop a substitute material has been a hotspot in the orthopedics. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility and effectiveness of the compound of coral ine hydroxyapatite porous, platelet-rich plasma and fibrin glue acting as a bone substitute material for repair of bone defects. METHODS: 1.5 cm radial segments from the bilateral forearms of New Zealand white rabbits were removed to prepare bone defect models. Then, bone defect models were randomly divided into a compound group (coral ine hydroxyapatite porous, platelet-rich plasma and fibrin glue), control group treated with autogenous bone graft, and blank group without implantation. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) X-ray observation: Bone defects were repaired completely in the compound group til the end of postoperative week 12, appearing with complete plasticity. The healing process in the compound group was synchronized with that in the control group. However, there were no changes in bone defects of the blank group. (2) Histopathological examination: Bone repair basical y completed in the compound and control groups at week 12 after operation, presenting with mature lamel ar bone and Haversian canals. In the blank group, only a great amount of fibroblasts proliferated, but no bone formed. (3) Biomechanical analysis: The maximum torque and torsional stiffness of the compound group were better than those of the control group at 2 weeks postoperation (P < 0.05). However, there was no significant difference between the maximum torque and torsional stiffness of the compound and control groups. These results demonstrate that the compound of coral ine hydroxyapatite porous, platelet-rich plasma and fibrin glue acting as a bone substitute is superior to autologous bone in the early repair of bone defects, which is beneficial to bone healing

  5. Study on Platelet-rich Fibrin in Promoting Rabbit's Skull Bone Regeneration.%富血小板纤维蛋白修复兔颅骨骨缺损的实验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李琦; 周延民; 翟静捷; 王宇; 张明锐

    2011-01-01

    目的:观察新一代血小板浓缩物富血小板纤维蛋白(platelet-rich fibrin,PRF)能否促进成骨,以指导临床应用.方法:3月龄大耳白兔9只,采用PRF修复标准化颅骨缺损.常规取材,进行软X线摄片及HE、改良Gomori染色光镜观察.结果:IPP 6.0图像分析软件测量兔颅骨软X线片显示之新生骨小梁面积,统计学分析结果显示,不同时间点的PRF修复组骨小梁面积均显著大于对照组(P<0.05),4周差异显著性最大(P<0.01).组织学观察表明,不同时间点实验组骨成熟程度均高于对照组.结论:PRF能够显著促进兔颅骨缺损的愈合,且早期疗效最为显著.%Objective: To study the promotive effect of second generation platelet concentrate PRF on rabbit's skull bone regeneration.Methods: Nine rabbits aged 3 months were involved.Bone defects were made on rabbit's skull and PRF was placed in defects on one side randomly.Soft X- ray films were taken after tissue blocks were made.After conventional histo-section, HE staining and modified Gomori staining were employed.Bone regeneration was imaged with light microscropy.The area of newly formed trabecula showed on soft x-ray films was measured by IPP 6.0.Results: Results showed that the new bone area was significantly larger in PRF groups than in control groups at different time points(P<0.05).Four weeks group showed the best effect (P<0.01).Histological stain showed that experimental groups got a better maturation than control groups.Conclusion: PRF can enhance the rabbit's skull bone defect regeneration significatly and act best at the early stage of the bone healing.

  6. 富血小板纤维蛋白对人牙槽骨成骨细胞增殖和分化的影响%Choukroun's Platelet-Rich Fibrin Promotes Human Alveolar Osteoblasts Differentiation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张迎娣; 阮征; 张劲娥; 刘天麟; 罗光明; 郭鹏女; 黄远亮; 王磊

    2015-01-01

    目的:研究富血小板纤维蛋白(plate-rich fibrin, PRF)体外对人牙槽骨成骨细胞(human alveolar osteoblasts, HAOB)增殖分化的影响,探讨HAOB与PRF构建临床组织工程骨的可能性。方法:收集临床拔牙过程中的牙槽骨,采用改良酶消化法体外分离培养HAOB,根据成骨细胞形态学特征及成骨特性对所培养出的细胞进行鉴定,后加入志愿者的PRF分组培养;而后在不同的实验时间点进行细胞增殖CCK-8检测、碱性磷酸酶(ALP)定性检测、钙结节茜素红染色以及成骨相关基因RT-PCR检测。结果:HAOB具有典型的成骨细胞的形态;随时间的延长,细胞数目明显增加(P<0.05),实验组(PRF组)细胞数量明显高于对照组。实验组ALP染色较对照组颜色更深,ALP活性相对较高。经茜素红染色,实验组镜下观察形成的钙结节数量较对照组多。在第7和11天发现实验组成骨相关基因的表达量均高于对照组。结论:采用改良酶消化法分离培养的HAOB具有典型的成骨细胞生物学特性,且成分较为单一;PRF体外具有促进HAOB增殖分化的能力。%Objective: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the effects of Choukroun's platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) on proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of human alveolar osteoblasts (HAOB), and to explore the possibility of bone engineering constructs with PRF and HAOB. Methods: Human alveolar bone was collected during clinical wisdom tooth extraction process. Human alveolar osteoblasts were isolated and cultured in vitro by improved enzyme digestion. The cul-tured cells were identified by the morphological characteristics and osteogenic properties of osteoblasts. HAOB was cul-tured with or without PRF obtained from volunteers. Cell proliferation was measured by CCK-8 method. Qualitative detec-tion of alkaline phosphatase (ALP), alizarin red staining of calcium nodules and RT-PCR of osteogenesis related

  7. Effects of crypreservation on platelet-rich fibrin%冷冻保存对富血小板纤维蛋白组织形态与生物活性因子的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李丹; 张剑明; 罗晓丁; 韩哲

    2012-01-01

    目的 观察超低温冷冻保存方法对富血小板纤维蛋白(PRF)组织形态与生物活性因子的影响.方法 取健康志愿者的肘静脉血提取PRF标本,液氮保存1周,分别进行光镜、透射电镜观察和免疫组化分析,并与新鲜PRF对比.结果 光镜下冷冻前后的PRF无明显差异,免疫组化检测冷冻前后血小板源性生长因子(PDGF)、转化生长因子β1 (TGF-β1)、白细胞介素-1(IL-1)、IL-4、肿瘤坏死因子(TNF)均有阳性反应表达,其中PDGF、TGF-β1、IL-1、TNF表达差异无统计学意义(P>0.05),冻后PRF中IL-4表达高于新鲜PRF,差异有统计学意义[平均光密度值(0.207±0.006)比(0.125±0.015),P<0.05].透射电镜显示,冻后PRF中大部分血小板外形不规则或有膜损伤.结论 冷冻保存对PRF生物活性因子和纤维蛋白结构无明显影响,仍可保持其促进组织愈合和抗炎反应的作用.%Objective To investigate the effects of cryopreservation on the morphology and bioactive factors of platelet-rich fibrin(PRF).Methods PRF was carried out at - 196 ℃ for one week and investigated by light microscope.Transmission electron microscope (TEM) and the bioactive factors in PRF were analyzed before and after the cryopreservation.Results PRF had no significant changes in light microscope before and after cryopreservation.The immuno-histochemical results showed that Platelet derived growth factor (PDGF),transforming growth factor beta 1 ( TGF beta 1 ),interleukin 1 ( IL-1,IL-4) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) were expressed both in fresh and frozen PRF.The express of PDGF,TGF-β1,IL-1,TNF in frozen PRF was not significantly increased compared with fresh PRF( P > 0.05 ),while the express of IL-4 in frozen PRF increased significantly( P < 0.05 ).Conclusion The fibrin net-structure and bioactive factors of frozen PRF are not significantly destroyed by cryopreservation treatment.

  8. Autologous platelet-rich plasma gel used in constructing tissue-engineered bone by biphasic seeding method%自体富血小板血浆凝胶双相接种法构建组织工程骨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    扈延龄; 王向阳; 王开; 陈峰; 张升波; 金丹

    2016-01-01

    背景:使用富血小板血浆(PRP)等凝胶样物质作为接种介质的双相接种法可优化组织工程骨构建,但PRP的促成骨作用仍存在较大争议。目的:进一步探讨自体PRP凝胶用于双相接种法构建组织工程骨的可行性,及其促成骨性能。方法:实验组利用自体PRP凝胶接种骨髓间充质干细胞(MSCs)于β-磷酸三钙(β-TCP)支架构建组织工程骨,对照组采用常规的DMEM静态接种法构建。体外实验:通过MTT实验、碱性磷酸酶(ALP)活性检测、骨钙素(OC)放免测定,比较两种方法对细胞增殖和成骨分化影响。体内实验:将构建材料植入兔桡骨大段骨缺损,通过组织学观察、X线检查、单光子发射计算机断层检查比较两种方法构建材料的成骨性能。结果:体外实验表明PRP组MSCs显示良好的增殖和成骨分化能力,明显优于对照组。体内实验表明PRP组修复大段骨缺损的能力显著优于对照组。结论:自体PRP具有良好的促成骨性能,可有效构建组织工程骨。%Background:The platelet-rich plasma (PRP) gels used in the biphasic seeding can optimize the construction of tissue-engineered bone. However, osteogenic capacity of PRP is still in dispute. Objective:To explore the feasibility of con-structing tissue-engineered bone by biphasic seeding with autologous PRP gels so as to give more insight to the contradicto-ry osteogenic capacity of PRP. Methods:Autologous PRP gel was applied to inoculate mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) intoβ-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) scaffolds to construct tissue engineered bone in PRP group. In control group, tissue en-gineered bone was established by conventional static seeding using Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium (DMEM) as cell seeding vehicle. In vitro, proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of MSCs on fabricated constructs were investigated by MTT assay, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and

  9. Platelet Rich Plasma and Knee Surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mikel Sánchez

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In orthopaedic surgery and sports medicine, the knee joint has traditionally been considered the workhorse. The reconstruction of every damaged element in this joint is crucial in achieving the surgeon’s goal to restore the knee function and prevent degeneration towards osteoarthritis. In the last fifteen years, the field of regenerative medicine is witnessing a boost of autologous blood-derived platelet rich plasma products (PRPs application to effectively mimic and accelerate the tissue healing process. The scientific rationale behind PRPs is the delivery of growth factors, cytokines, and adhesive proteins present in platelets and plasma, as well as other biologically active proteins conveyed by the plasma such as fibrinogen, prothrombin, and fibronectin; with this biological engineering approach, new perspectives in knee surgery were opened. This work describes the use of PRP to construct and repair every single anatomical structure involved in knee surgery, detailing the process conducted in ligament, meniscal, and chondral surgery.

  10. Effects of platelet-rich fibrin on canine dental pulp cells in vitro%富血小板纤维蛋白对犬牙髓细胞的体外作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨盼盼; 战园; 李盛林; 刘鹤

    2013-01-01

    目的:检测比格犬静脉血制取的富血小板纤维蛋白(platelet-rich fibrin,PRF)对自体牙髓细胞(canine dental pulp cells,cDPCs)增殖和趋化的作用,探讨PRF作为自体来源生物材料在临床活髓治疗中应用的可行性.方法:用酶消化法分离培养cDPCs;用Choukroun一步离心法制取PRF,将其浸泡于纯净的最小必需培养基α(minimum essential medium alpha medium,α-MEM)中,于第7天取浸出液,即为PRF浸出液.细胞增殖作用采用细胞计数试剂盒-8(cell counting kit-8,CCK-8)检测,对照组为含2%(体积分数)胎牛血清(fetal bovine serum,FBS)的α-MEM培养基,实验组为含2% FBS的PRF浸出液,并按PRF浸出液浓度(体积分数)分为20%、40%、60%、80%、100%共5组,分别记为PRF1、PRF2、PRF3、PRF4、PRF5.趋化实验采用 Transwell模型,实验组PRF浸出液浓度选择对增殖促进作用最显著的浓度,阴性对照组为不含FBS的α-MEM培养基,阳性对照组为含30%(体积分数)FBS的α-MEM培养基,各组上室均接种1×105个细胞.结果:PRF2组的光密度值(1.45±0.06)显著高于对照组(1.21±0.11),差异具有统计学意义(P<0.001),PRF1组、PRF3组、PRF4组、PRF5组光密度值分别为1.20±0.02、1.28±0.04、1.19±0.02、1.22±0.02,与对照组差异无统计学意义(P值分别为0.902、0.084、0.726、0.779),即40%浓度的PRF浸出液对自体cDPCs的增殖具有显著的促进作用,在该浓度下,PRF组细胞迁移数目为55.89±18.42,与阴性对照组(6.52±1.97)比较差异具有统计学意义(P<0.001),而与阳性对照组(59.25±29.17)差异无统计学意义(P=0.970).结论:PRF与cDPCs有良好的生物相容性,40%浓度的PRF浸出液可促进cDPCs的增殖、趋化作用,提示PRF可作为活髓治疗中牙髓修复的盖髓材料使用.

  11. Clinical Observation of Platelet-Rich Fibrin, Bio-Oss Bone in Bone Defect Repair%富血小板纤维蛋白、Bio-Oss骨粉修复颌骨缺损的临床观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙天宇

    2016-01-01

    Objective To observe the clinical effect of platelet rich fibrin with oral Bio-Oss bone to repair bone defect .Methods Retrospective analysis of clinical data of 46 patients with jaw defects in our hospital from June 2012 to December 2015. 22 patients who were treated with Bio-Oss bone to repair were taken as control group, and 24 cases of PRF combined with Bio-Oss bone to repair patients were taken as observation group. After surgery, bone mineral density at different times in different periods and complications within 6 months after operation were compared between two groups.Results Newborn bone density of patient in observation group were higher than those of the control group at the same time(1 month, 3 months, 6 months after surgery)newborn bone mineral density, the difference was statisticaly significant(P<0.05). In the observation group, there was 1 cases had postoperative infection. In the control group, there were 2 cases of postoperative infection and 1 case asymmetry. Compared complications cases betweentwo groups , the difference was not statisticaly significant(P=0.336 4).ConclusionCombined with PRF, Bio-Oss bone in bone defect repair has a good clinical value.%目的:观察应用富血小板纤维蛋白联合Bio-Oss骨粉修复颌骨骨缺损的临床效果。方法回顾性分析2012年6月~2015年12月我院收治的颌骨缺损患者46例,将22例单纯行Bio-Oss骨粉修复的患者纳入对照组,将24例PRF联合Bio-Oss骨粉修复患者纳入观察组。比较两组术后不同时期新生骨骨密度及术后6个月内并发症。结果观察组术后1个月、3个月、6个月新生骨骨密度均高于同期对照组新生骨骨密度,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。观察组1例发生术后感染。对照组2例发生术后感染1例不对称畸形。两组并发症比较,差异无统计学意义(P=0.3364)。结论联合应用PRF、Bio-Oss骨粉修复手术后颌骨缺损具有较好的临床应用价值。

  12. 自体PRP/PRF脂肪颗粒移植面部填充的回顾性临床分析%Retrospective analysis of facial filling with autologous platelet-rich plasma or platelet-rich fibrin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高伟成; 陈小平; 林金德; 王昕; 尹康; 胡晓庆

    2015-01-01

    目的 评价自体脂肪颗粒联合富血小板血浆或富血小板纤维蛋白进行面部填充的临床疗效.方法 141例面部局部凹陷的患者,63例采用富血小板血浆脂肪颗粒移植填充,78例采用富血小板纤维蛋白脂肪颗粒移植填充.术后随访3个月至3年,对术后是否行二次填充和满意度进行评价.结果 141例患者均未出现感染、脂肪液化、血肿、纤维囊性化、色素沉着、感觉迟钝、局部凹凸不平等并发症.2例富血小板血浆脂肪颗粒移植患者注射1周后受区局部出现小片红斑,1周后好转;2例富血小板血浆脂肪颗粒移植患者和l例富血小板纤维蛋白脂肪颗粒移植患者术后受区局部出现小团块,经局部按摩或局部细针穿刺抽取后肿块消失.富血小板血浆脂肪颗粒移植患者二次填充率为26.9%,富血小板纤维蛋白脂肪颗粒移植患者二次填充率为l0.2%.结论 自体脂肪颗粒联合富血小板血浆或富血小板纤维蛋白移植是治疗面部凹陷的有效方法.与富血小板血浆相比,富血小板纤维蛋白在临床应用更方便,并发症更少,中、远期效果较好,值得推广.

  13. Fat, Stem Cells, and Platelet-Rich Plasma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    James, Isaac B; Coleman, Sydney R; Rubin, J Peter

    2016-07-01

    The ideal filler for aesthetic surgery is inexpensive and easy to obtain, natural in appearance and texture, immunologically compatible, and long lasting without risk of infection. By most metrics, autologous fat grafts meet these criteria perfectly. Although facial fat grafting is now a commonly accepted surgical procedure, there has been a wave of activity applying stem cells and platelet-rich plasma (PRP) therapies to aesthetic practice. This article addresses technical considerations in the use of autologous fat transfer for facial rejuvenation, and also explores the current evidence for these stem cell and PRP therapies in aesthetic practice.

  14. Experimental study of the effects of platelet-rich fibrin in the regeneration of bone defects%富血小板纤维蛋白在骨缺损修复中作用的实验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江建林; 叶平; 吴润发; 白彭; 段志坚; 黄忞; 康维博; 谢晨

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the effect of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) in bone regeneration in experi-mental bone defect and to explore its reasons to provide a reference for its clinical research and appli-cations. Method: Six 8-12 month healthy male goats were used for this study and three round shaped defects(5mm diameter, 2mm deep) were formed in the buccal ridge of the bilateral mandibular anterior edentulous area by using the method of self control. The three defects were divided into three groups (Group A、Group B and Group C). Group A received PRF membranes as the experimental group; Group B received Haiao collagen membranes as the standard control group; Group C did not received any grafts as the blank control group. Animals were killed at 4、8 and 12 weeks after operation. The speci-mens were examined by gross observation、X-ray、HE histologic observation to compared the osteogenic effect. HPIAS-2000H high-resolution colour pathological graph-text analytical system was used to cal-culate the percentage of new formed bone area. SPSS 13.0 for statistical analysis. Results: At 4 weeks, there were less new bone formation, fewer osteoblasts, more fibers in the blank control group than those in the experimental group and standard control group. At 8 weeks, in the experimental group and stan-dard control group, the new formed bone thickened and connected into networks, the quantities of os-teoblasts were encreased and the fibrous tissue decreased. While in the blank control group there is rel-atively thin trabeculae, more fibrous tissue. At 12 weeks, the experimental group and standard control group showed visible lamellar structure and thicker trabeculae, while the blank control group showed no lamellar structure. Bone histomorphometry analysis: the percentage of new bone area at 4 weeks, 8 weeks and 12 weeks in the experimental group (35.92±3.89,60.72±4.53,74.73±3.64 respectively)were higher than those in the blanck control group (22.56 ±4.59,52.18 ±5

  15. Differentiation within autologous fibrin scaffolds of porcine dermal cells with the mesenchymal stem cell phenotype

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Puente, Pilar de la, E-mail: pilardelapuentegarcia@gmail.com [Tissue Bank, San Francisco Clinic Foundation, Av./Facultad 51, 5°, 24004 León (Spain); Ludeña, Dolores [Pathology Service, University Hospital of Salamanca, P/San Vicente 58-182, 37007 Salamanca (Spain); López, Marta; Ramos, Jennifer; Iglesias, Javier [Tissue Bank, San Francisco Clinic Foundation, Av./Facultad 51, 5°, 24004 León (Spain)

    2013-02-01

    Porcine mesenchymal stem cells (pMSCs) are an attractive source of cells for tissue engineering because their properties are similar to those of human stem cells. pMSCs can be found in different tissues but their dermal origin has not been studied in depth. Additionally, MSCs differentiation in monolayer cultures requires subcultured cells, and these cells are at risk of dedifferentiation when implanting them into living tissue. Following this, we attempted to characterize the MSCs phenotype of porcine dermal cells and to evaluate their cellular proliferation and differentiation in autologous fibrin scaffolds (AFSs). Dermal biopsies and blood samples were obtained from 12 pigs. Dermal cells were characterized by flow cytometry. Frozen autologous plasma was used to prepare AFSs. pMSC differentiation was studied in standard structures (monolayers and pellets) and in AFSs. The pMSCs expressed the CD90 and CD29 markers of the mesenchymal lineage. AFSs afforded adipogenic, osteogenic and chondrogenic differentiation. The porcine dermis can be proposed to be a good source of MSCs with adequate proliferative capacity and a suitable expression of markers. The pMSCs also showed optimal proliferation and differentiation in AFSs, such that these might serve as a promising autologous and implantable material for use in tissue engineering. -- Highlights: ► Low fibrinogen concentration provides a suitable matrix for cell migration and differentiation. ► Autologous fibrin scaffolds is a promising technique in tissue engineering. ► Dermal cells are an easily accessible mesenchymal stem cell source. ► Fibrin scaffolds afforded adipogenic, osteogenic and chondrogenic differentiation.

  16. 富血小板纤维蛋白与富血小板血浆体外释放生长因子的比较及其对脂肪干细胞增殖分化的影响%The comparison of platelet-rich fibrin and platelet-rich plasma in releasing of growth factors and their effects on the proliferation and differentiation of adipose tissue-derived stem cells in vitro

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨世茂; 王明国; 李静; 刘金盼; 林夏莲; 徐炜

    2012-01-01

    目的 比较富血小板纤维蛋白(PRF)与富血小板血浆(PRP)体外释放生长因子的质量浓度及其对脂肪干细胞(ADSCs)增殖和成骨分化的影响.方法 抽取兔耳中央动脉血,一次离心法制备PRF,二次离心法制备PRP,分别将其置于5 mL新鲜的α-MEM培养液中,分别于37℃下静置1、7、14、21、28 d,收集PRF与PRP析出液,检测析出液中转化生长因子-β1(TGF-β1)及血小板源性生长因子-AB(PDGF-AB)的质量浓度.将收集的PRF与PRP析出液配置成条件培养液培养ADSCs,观察其对ADSCs增殖及碱性磷酸酶(ALP)活性的影响.结果 1)生长因子释放情况:不同时间点的PRF析出液中,14d时TGF-β1的质量浓度达到最高,7d时PDGF-AB的质量浓度最高;不同时间点的PRP析出液中,1d时TGF-β1与PDGF-AB的质量浓度即达最高,以后逐渐下降.2)对ADSCs增殖及ALP活性的影响:PRF析出液中,14 d时对其影响最大;PRP析出液中,1d时对其影响最大.结论 与PRP相比,PRF能够缓慢持久地释放生长因子,更有力地刺激ADSCs的增殖和分化.%Objective To compare the releasing of growth factors between platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) and platelet-rich plasma (PRP) as well as their effects on the proliferation and differentiation of adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ADSCs) in vitro. Methods Blood was taken from central artery of rabbits, acquiring PRF was acquired through one time centrifuge and PRP through two times centrifuge. Five milliliters of fresh α-MEM was added to PRF and PRP and incubated at 37 ℃. The time points to collect exudates was in day 1, 7, 14, 21, 28 and the mass concentrations of transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) and platelet derived growth faetor-AB (PDGF-AB) were quantified in PRF and PRP. Then the exudates of PRF and PRP were used to culture ADSCs and evaluate the effects of PRF and PRP on proliferation and differentiation of ADSCs. Results 1) Growth factor release: In the PRF exudates at different time points

  17. A novel approach to human cranial tissue regeneration and frontal sinus obliteration with an autogenous platelet-rich/fibrin-rich composite matrix: 10 patients with a 6-10 year follow-up.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mendonça-Caridad, Jose; Lopez, Pedro Juiz; Fayos, Francisco Vidal; Miery, Gustavo

    2013-06-01

    Advanced frontal sinus disease non-responsive to conservative therapy has been treated with fat obliteration for decades. More recently, a wide variety of autogenous, allogenic or synthetic materials have also been used. In this study we present a treatment based on totally autogenous procedures and materials that was successfully implemented in 10 patients and followed up for a period of 6-10 years, to evaluate the feasibility of a new approach for the treatment of frontal sinus disease and other related cranial osseous derangements, based on regenerative medicine as an alternative to fat or other obliterating or grafting materials. Platelet-rich and -poor plasma (PRP, PPP) are set to clot with cortical shavings from the skull surface. After surgically stimulating the sinus to encourage cell chemotaxis, migration and homing, the bioactive scaffold is placed and covered with a PPP membrane and a periosteal flap. Ten patients with pathologies ranging from devastating infection to invasive tumours or trauma were treated with this regenerative procedure in a single-stage surgery. All patients had an uneventful recovery with bone formation and no complications or recurrences over the years. The application of modern principles in tissue regeneration and wound healing has resulted in a favourable outcome, with no complications or sequelae, in a series of 10 patients with advanced frontal sinus disease over a long period of time.

  18. 富血小板纤维蛋白体外释放TGF-β和PDGF-AB影响因素的探讨%Investigation of effect factors of TGF-β and PDGF-AB levels in platelet-rich fibrin releasing in vitro

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李艳秋; 周延民; 孙晓琳; 张天首; 朱婷

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨不同方法对制备的富血小板纤维蛋白(platelet-rich fibrin,PRF)释放生长因子的影响.方法 对志愿者进行静脉采血,分别以不同离心速度(2500r/min、3000r/min、3500r/min)、离心时间(10min、15min、20min)和除水方法(快速除水和缓慢除水)制备PRF,收集PRF所释放的生长因子,通过ELISA法比较不同方法所获得的PRF释放的TGF-β和PDGF-AB的浓度差异.结果 以3000r/min的离心速度制备的PRF释放TGF-β和PDGF-AB含量显著高于其他两组;10min组和15min组制备的PRF释放TGF-β含量高于20min组,而PDGF-AB含量10min组显著高于其他两组;两种除水方法制备的PRF释放TGF-β和PDGF-AB含量无统计学差异(P>0.05).结论 不同离心速度、离心时间对PRF的特性存在一定的影响,而快速除水和缓慢除水对PRF特性的影响无显著性差异.%Objective To investigate the influence factors of platelet-rich fibrin releasing growth factors with different kinds. Methods PRF were produced by different centrifugal speed (2500r/min、3000r/min、3500r/min) , centrifugal time (10min、15min、20min) and dehydration methods (fast dehydration methods and slow dehydration methods) from volunteers.Collect the growth factors in PRF ,and Compare the TGF-β and PDGF-AB concentration by ELISA. Results TGF-pand PDGF-AB levels in the PRF prepared by 3000r/min were higher ; TGF-filevel in the PRF prepared by 10min and 15min were higher, and PDGF-AB level in the PRF prepared by 10min were higher;but the two dehydration methods showed no statistics significance (R>0.05). Conclusion Different centrifugal speed and centrifugal time may affect the characteristics of PRF, and dehydration methods may not affect the characteristics of PRF.

  19. Effect of platelet-rich fibrin on proliferation and adipogenic differentiation of adipose-derived stem cells%富血小板纤维蛋白对人脂肪干细胞增殖和成脂分化的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔冬; 张腾; 刁建升; 易成刚; 郭树忠

    2013-01-01

    目的 探讨自体富血小板纤维蛋白(platelet-rich fibrin,PRF)对体外培养人脂肪来源干细胞(adipose-derived stem cells,ADSCs)增殖及成脂分化的影响.方法 将自愿捐献由脂肪抽吸术获取的脂肪组织进行分离培养ADSCs并鉴定.将第3代ADSCs分为空白对照组和1个PRF膜片组(1PRFM组)和2个PRF膜片组(2PRFM组).倒置显微镜观察细胞生长情况,培养后1、2、3、4、5、6、7d采用四甲基偶氮噻唑蓝比色法(MTT)法检测细胞增殖活性.在第3、5、7、9、11和14天时采用油红O染色法检测细胞成脂分化情况.结果 随着PRFM剂量的增加,细胞增殖数量和成脂率增加,3组差异具有显著统计学意义.结论 PRF能明显促进ADSCs增殖和成脂分化,可以作为自体材料应用于脂肪组织工程的研究.%Objective To study the effect of autogeneic platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) on proliferation and adipogenic differentiation of human adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) in vitro.Methods ADSCs were isolated from adipose tissue obtained from donors undergoing liposuction and were cultured,and underwent identification.ADSCs at passage 3 were divided into three groups:test groups were cultured with 1PRFM and 2PRFM,and control group was cultured without PRF membrane.Then the growth of the cells was observed by inverted microscope.MTT method was used to observe cell proliferation activity at days 1,2,3,4,5,6 and 7 after culture.Adipogenic differentiation of ADSCs was observed and quantified by oil red O staining at days 3,5,7,9,11 and 14.Results Cell proliferation and adipogenic differentiation would be increased with the PRFM,There were significant differences among three groups.Conclusions PRF could significantly promote proliferation and adipogenic differentiation of ADSCs.

  20. The basic science of platelet-rich plasma (PRP): what clinicians need to know.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arnoczky, Steven P; Sheibani-Rad, Shahin; Shebani-Rad, Shahin

    2013-12-01

    Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has been advocated for the biological augmentation of tissue healing and regeneration through the local introduction of increased levels (above baseline) of platelets and their associated bioactive molecules. In theory, the increased levels of autologous growth factors and secretory proteins provided by the concentrated platelets may enhance the wound healing process, especially in degenerative tissues or biologically compromised individuals. Although PRP has been increasingly utilized in the treatment of a variety of sports-related injuries, improvements in healing and clinical outcomes have not been universally reported. One reason for this may be the fact that all PRP preparations are not the same. Variations in the volume of whole blood taken, the platelet recovery efficacy, the final volume of plasma in which the platelets are suspended, and the presence or absence of white blood cells, and the addition of exogenous thrombin to activate the platelets or calcium chloride to induce fibrin formation, can all affect the character and potential efficacy of the final PRP product. This article will review the basic principles involved in creating PRP and examine the potential basic scientific significance of the individual blood components contained in the various forms of PRP currently used in sports medicine.

  1. Effect of activated autologous platelet-rich plasma on chondrogenic differentiation of rabbit bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells in vitro%自体激活富血小板血浆干预兔骨髓间充质干细胞体外成软骨分化的研究**★

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王善正; 王宸; 芮云峰

    2013-01-01

      背景:自体富血小板血浆激活后可释放多种生长因子,可以促进骨髓间充质干细胞的增殖与分化。目的:观察自体激活富血小板血浆对体外培养的兔骨髓间充质干细胞向成软骨细胞分化的影响。方法:取兔股骨骨髓,全骨髓贴壁法分离培养骨髓间充质干细胞;取第3代骨髓间充质干细胞,分别应用体积分数10%自体激活富血小板血浆和体积分数10%胎牛血清培养液进行体外培养,观察其向成软骨细胞分化情况。结果与结论:分离培养的兔骨髓间充质干细胞呈长梭形,传代后细胞生长迅速。流式细胞仪检测发现第3代细胞高表达CD29、CD44,而低表达CD45。免疫荧光细胞化学染色显示经自体激活富血小板血浆诱导的骨髓间充质干细胞表达Ⅱ型胶原;实时荧光定量PCR 检测发现经自体激活富血小板血浆诱导的骨髓间充质干细胞Ⅱ型胶原α1链基因和聚集蛋白聚糖基因表达明显高于经胎牛血清诱导的骨髓间充质干细胞(P <0.01)。可见自体激活富血小板血浆具有促进兔骨髓间充质干细胞向软骨细胞方向分化的潜能。%BACKGROUND:Platelet-rich plasma, when activated, could secret multiple growth factors which may promote the proliferation and differentiation of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cel s. OBJECTIVE:To explore the effect of activated autologous platelet-rich plasma on the chondrogenic differentiation of rabbit bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cel s in vitro. METHODS:Rabbit bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cel s were isolated using the whole bone marrow adherence method. Passage 3 bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cel s were in vitro cultured with 10%activated autologous platelet-rich plasma and 10%fetal bovine serum separately. Chondrogenic differentiation of rabbit bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cel s in vitro was observed. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Bone marrow

  2. Effect of platelet-rich fibrin released transforming growth factor beta 1 on the proliferation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells in vitro%富血小板纤维蛋白释放转化生长因子β1对骨髓间充质干细胞体外增殖的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈诚; 李淑慧; 张文丽; 李一鸣; 周晶; 吴佩玲

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND:Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cel s are the ideal cel s for tissue repair. Whether the ability of in vitro proliferation can be enhanced is a key factor to promote tissue repair. OBJECTIVE:To observe the effect of transforming growth factorβ1 on the proliferation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cel s in vitro. METHODS:Blood samples were taken from the central artery of rabbits to prepare platelet-rich fibrin by centrifugation method which was then placed into fresh DMEM at 37℃for 7, 14, 21, 28 days to col ect exudates. The mass concentrations of transforming growth factor-β1 in the exudates of platelet-rich fibrin were detected. Rabbit bone marrow mesenchymal stem cel s were col ected and cultured in the conditioned medium made by the exudates of platelet-rich fibrin, and the proliferation of cel s was observed. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Concentration of transforming growth factorβ1 was increased with time increasing, increased fastest at 21-28 days, and peaked at 28 days. Under the same stimulus concentration, the proliferation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cel s was reduced at 0-1 day, increased obviously at 1-2 days, and entered into a steady phase at 2-3 days. Under 150 ng/L transforming growth factorβ1, bone marrow mesenchymal stem cel s proliferated fastest. Experimental findings indicate that with the increase of time, the concentration of transforming growth factorβ1 in the exudates of platelet-rich fibrin increase gradual y, and the conditioned media containing different concentrations of transforming growth factorβ1 play different roles in promoting the proliferation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cel s. Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cel s cultured in the conditioned medium containing 150 ng/L transforming growth factorβ1 for 2-3 days can proliferate fastest.%背景:骨髓间充质干细胞是组织修复的理想细胞,能否提高其体外增殖的能力是促进组织修复的关键因素。目的:观察转化生长因子β1

  3. Use of autologous fibrin glue in dermatologic surgery: application of skin graft and second intention healing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aparecida Machado de Moraes

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficiency of biological sealant, an autologous fibrin glue, in dermatological surgery. DESIGN: Randomized clinical trial. SETTING: The Dermatology Service of Hospital das Clínicas, Universidade de Campinas (UNICAMP, referral center. PATIENTS: 14 patients with malign epithelial cutaneoos tumors participated in the evaluation, each having two tumors, generally facial and symmetrical, in order to perform a comparative evaluation on the same individual. PROCEDURES: The glue was prepared beforehand with a sample of autologous blood. Surgical extirpation of the tumor was followed by grafts or second intention healing. OUTCOMES: The efficiency of the sealant was then evaluated in relation to hemostasis, adhesion, surgical time and evolution of the granulation tissue, clinically and histologically. RESULTS: Immediate hemostasis and graft adhesion, with a significant reduction of surgical time, and in the open wounds there was immediate hemostasis and a clinical increase in granulation tissue, but with no histological differences among the groups on the 7th day. CONCLUSION: It is an adjuvant resource in skin cancer surgery.

  4. [Application of platelet rich plasma (PRP) and its derivatives in dental implantologie and plastic surgery].

    Science.gov (United States)

    González, Maczy; Arteaga-Vizcaíno, Melvis; Benito, Marisol; Benito, Mariluz

    2012-12-01

    The platelet rich plasma (PRP), as its name implies, has a high concentration of thrombocytes; is a non-toxic and non-allergenic autologous preparation, obtained by blood centrifugation at low speed. Its function is directly linked to the release of growth factors (FC) by platelets. These factors have properties of induction of tissue regeneration. For the preparation of the present work, a literature search was performed in different documentary sources using the following descriptors: platelet rich plasma, PRP, growth factors, GF, dentistry and cosmetic surgery. This article is a description of some relevant aspects of the PRP and its application in the areas of dentistry and cosmetic surgery.

  5. Effects of platelet-rich plasma gel on skin healing in surgical wound in horses

    OpenAIRE

    DeRossi, Rafael; Coelho,Anna Carolina Anciliero de Oliveira; Mello,Gisele Silveira de; Frazílio,Fabrício de Oliveira; Leal,Cássia Rejane Brito; Facco,Gilberto Gonçalves; Brum,Karine Bonucielli

    2009-01-01

    PURPOSE: To establish a low-cost method to prepare platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and evaluates the potential of platelet derived factors to enhance wound healing in the surgical wounds in equine. METHODS: To obtain a PRP gel, calcium gluconate and autologous thrombin were added to platelet-rich plasma. For the tests six saddle horses were used and two surgical incisions were made in each animal. Wounds were treated with PRP gel or untreated. Sequential wound biopsies collected at Treatment 1: at...

  6. 富血小板纤维蛋白对下颌骨牵引成骨区RANKL表达的影响%Effects of Platelet-rich Fibrin on mandibular distraction osteogenesis and its RANKL expression

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付颖; 董庆文; 王稚英

    2016-01-01

    Objective To investigate the effects of PRF on mandibular distraction osteogenesis and the expression of RANKL in the period of distraction osteogenesis, in order to provide a reference for its clinical research and application. Methods unilateral mandibular osteotomies were performed in 20 mature rabbits, the mandibles of 20 rabbits were lengthened by 4 mm using a distractor , PRF were implanted in the osteotomy side of mandibles. Another side of the mature rabbit was cut and a distractor was implanted in the mandible as a control group. The animals were killed on 1, 7, 14, 21 and 8 days of consolidation period. The distracted calluses were harvested and processed for histological and immunohistochemistric study of RANKL. Results The regenerated bone was found in the distraction gap after mandibular lengthening, and RANKL were co-localized in bone marrow lining cells, osteoblasts and newly embedded osteocytes. The RANKL expression increased on 1 and 14 days. At the consolidation period of 1 and 14 days there was significant difference between the experiment group and control group(P<0.05). The comparison of positive cells rate and positive area percentage in distracted calluses on the 28th day after the distraction were performed, and the results showed weak RANKL staining in the distracted callus. Conclusion PRF could accelerate bone formation of mandibular distraction osteogenesis in rabbit. RANKL may play important roles at the early stage of mandibular distraction.%目的:通过动物实验,研究应用富血小板纤维蛋白(Platelet-rich Fibrin,PRF)对兔下颌骨牵引成骨区核因子KB受体活化因子配体(receptor activator for NF-KB ligand,RANKL)的影响,为临床研究与应用提供参考依据。方法在20只成年大耳白兔的一侧下颌骨前部行骨切开术,用牵引器延长一侧下颌骨4 mm,牵引间隙放置PRF膜;另一侧下颌骨行骨切开并安置牵引器,作为对照组,稳定期第1、7、14、21

  7. The study of orthotopic transplantation by inactivated infection bone and autologous platelet-rich plasma combined with bone marrow on chronic osteomyelitis%感染骨灭活原位移植自体富血小板血浆复合骨髓治疗慢性骨髓炎

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贝朝涌; 唐际存; 王锐英; 辛林伟; 魏凌云; 伍志海; 李强

    2012-01-01

    目的:评价感染骨灭活原位移植自体富血小板血浆复合骨髓治疗慢性骨髓炎的疗效.方法:40只新西兰大白兔,随机分成两组,制成慢性骨髓炎模型.以感染灶最严重处为中心,线锯截取出死骨及感染骨2.0 cm煮沸灭活15 min,原位移植并闭合伤口.实验组术后局部注射制备好的自体富血小板血浆复合骨髓悬液,隔周1次,连续注射3周.对照组注射生理盐水.分别于术后第4、8、12、16周处死5只动物,行X线观察、组织学观察.结果:实验组成骨修复X线评分、组织学评分均高于对照组,两组之间差异有显著性(P<0.05).结论:感染骨灭活原位移植可作为骨支架,自体富血小板血浆复合骨髓,具有抗感染及促进成骨的双重作用,治疗慢性骨髓炎效果良好.%Objective To evaluate the treatment effect of orthotopic transplantation by inactivated infection bone and autologous platelet-rich plasma combined with bone marrow on chronic osteomyelitis. Methods Forty New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into two groups. A model of chronic osteomyelitis was performed. At the center of the most serious foci, the sequestrum and infected bone (2.0 cm) were removed, which boiled for 15 minutes. Then the orthotopic transplantation was performed, the wound was closed. The treatment group was injected with autologous platelet-rich plasma combined with bone marrow suspension in local foci after the operation, once every other week, continuous 3 weeks. The control group was injected with normal saline. Five animals were sacrificed respectively after 4 , 8, 12, 16 weeks. The treatment effect was evaluated by radiographs and histological analysis. Results Compare with control group, osteoblast repaired X-ray scores, histological scores of bone repaired in the treatment group were significance increased. The result has statistical significance (P < 0.05).Conclusions Orthotopic transplantation of inactivated infection bone can be

  8. The effect of platelet-rich fibrin gel precipitate liquid on mineralization of human dental pulp cells in vitro%富血小板纤维蛋白凝胶析出液对人牙髓细胞体外矿化的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何璇; 韦维; 陈文霞

    2015-01-01

    目的:探索富血小板纤维蛋白(platelet-rich fibrin,PRF)凝胶析出液对人牙髓细胞(human dental pulp cells, hDPCs)体外矿化的影响。方法组织块法培养 hDPCs。采用 Choukroun 一步离心法制备 PRF 凝胶。将新鲜制备的PRF 凝胶浸泡于 DMEM 培养基中,于第7 d 取析出液。用 PRF 凝胶析出液孵育 hDPCs 3 d 后更换矿化诱导液。采用茜素红染色和 RT-PCR 检测人牙髓细胞矿化的潜能。结果矿化诱导21 d 后,茜素红染色观察到实验组有少量钙结节生成,而对照组无钙结节生成;RT-PCR 结果显示,实验组 hDPCs 碱性磷酸酶(ALP)的表达为对照组的1.5倍,差异具有统计学意义(P <0.05)。结论 PRF 凝胶析出液可促进人牙髓细胞矿化。%Objective This study was designed to investigate the effect of platelet-rich fibrin gel (PRF gel)precipitate liquid on the mineralization of human dental pulp cells (hDPCs)in vitro. Methods The hD-PCs were separated and cultured by using tissue block culture method.PRF gel was prepared by Choukroun's protocols.The newly prepared PRF gel was dipped in DMEM culture media,the precipitate liquid of PRF gel was collected on day 7.hDPCs were treated with mineralization induction solution 3 days after being incubated with the precipitate liquid of PRF gel.The capacity of mineralization was measured by using alizarin red stai-ning and RT-PCR. Results Twenty-one days after mineralization induction,a small amount of mineral-ized nodules on alizarin red staining were observed in experimental group while no mineralized nodule was ob-served in control group;RT-PCR revealed that the expression of alkaline phosphatase (ALP)in experimental group was 1.5 times higher than that in control group,comparison yielded statistical difference (P <0.05). Conclusion The precipitate liquid of PRF gel can accelerate the mineralization of hDPCs.

  9. The experimental study of alveolar cleft bone grafting with iliac bone and Platelet-rich fibrin%自体髂骨复合血小板纤维蛋白游离移植修复牙槽突裂的实验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马长胜; 周龙; 陆斌

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To study the effects of Platelet-rich fibrin(PRF) on alveolar cleft bone grafting. Method:We build an animal model of bilateral alveolar bone grafting,and observe the difference between experimental group(grafting bone+PRF) and control group(just grafting bone) with CT examination and volume measurement of bone absorption.After 4 months of surgery,histological examination and micro-CT examination were conducted. Result:The experimental bone resorption degree is less than the control side at 2 months after surgery and 4 months after surgery (P0.05;Tb. Sp:the experimental side (0.1840 ±0.0129)μm, contrast side (0.2063 ±0.0134)μm,P <0.01. Conclusion:Platelet rich fibrin (PRF) can promote new bone formation, reduce bone graft bone absorption rate after the operation.%目的:将富血小板纤维蛋白(Platelet-rich fibrin,PRF)与自体髂骨松质骨块混合进行骨移植手术,观察PRF能否促进骨形成,减少植骨术后的骨吸收。方法:犬8只,制备犬上颌骨双侧牙槽突裂模型,左、右侧裂隙随机分入实验组(骨块+PRF)及对照组(骨块),于术后当日、2个月、4个月行CT检查,测量植骨区骨量变化,术后4个月处死动物,植骨区取材,行组织学检查及显微CT检查。结果:术后2个月、4个月时实验组的骨量减少程度小于对照组(P<0.01);实验组在骨体积分数、骨小梁分离度方面大于对照组(P<0.01),在骨小梁厚度方面未见明显差异(P>0.05)。结论:富血小板纤维蛋白(PRF)对于碎骨块形式的植骨手术,可以促进新骨生成,减少植骨手术后的骨吸收。

  10. 富血小板纤维蛋白提取液对高糖状态下MC3T3-E1细胞的影响%The effects of platelet-rich fibrin extract(PRFe) on MC3T3-E1 cells in the environment of different concentration glucose

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈涛; 王中; 刘振华; 高攀

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨富血小板纤维蛋白提取液(Platelet-rich fibrin extract, PRFe)对不同高糖状态下MC3T3-E1细胞增殖、成骨分化的影响。方法:实验分为对照组(5.5mmol/L糖浓度培养基),高糖组(15.5mmol/L糖浓度培养基)及实验组(含PRFe的15.5mmol/L糖浓度培养基)。甲基噻唑基四唑(MTT)法测定1d,3d,5d的细胞增殖数;碱性磷酸酶(ALP)活性检测1d,3d,5d,7d的成骨分化情况;荧光实时定量PCR测定核心结合蛋白因子2(Runt-related transcription factor-2, RUNX2)和成骨细胞特异性转录因子(Osterix, OSX)基因分别在3d、7d的表达。结果:随培养时间延长,实验组细胞的增殖、分化及成骨基因的表达均高于高糖组,且差异具有统计学意义(P0.05)。结论: PRFe能有效地促进高糖状态下MC3T3-E1细胞的增殖、分化及成骨基因的表达。%Objective: To evaluate the effect of platelet-rich fibrin extract (PRFe) on proliferation and bone differentiation of MC3T3-E1 cells in different concentration glucose environment. Methods: Trials are divided into the control group (5.5mmol/L), the high glucose group (15.5mmol/L)and the experimental group (15.5mmol/L+PRFe), the experimental group use the osteogenic induction α-MEM containing PRFe, while the other two groups just use the osteogenic induction α-MEM without PRFe. MTT assay to detect the number of the osteoblasts at 1d、3d、5d; the activity of alkaline phosphatase(ALP) to detect the differentiation of osteoblast at 1d、3d、5d、7d; mean while, the level of osteogenetic biomarkers Runx2 and OSX at 3d、7d were quantified by real-time PCR. Results: The number、ALP activity and the gene expression level of MC3T3-E1 cells was higher in the experiment group than high glucose group(P0.05). Conclu-sions: Our work confirmed that PRFe is useful in stimulating the proliferation and bone differentiation of MC3T3-E1 cells in the high glucose

  11. Effect of Platelet-rich Fibrin on Chondrogenic Differentiation of Rabbit Bone Marrow Mesenchymal Stem Cells%富血小板纤维蛋白对兔骨髓间充质干细胞成软骨分化的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雍志军; 贾帅军; 韩林章; 周翔; 户刚; 郝赋; 刘建

    2014-01-01

    目的:观察自体富血小板纤维蛋白(platelet-rich fibrin,PRF)对体外培养的兔骨髓间充质干细胞(Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells,BMSCs)成软骨分化的影响.方法:兔心脏采血制备PRF,电镜观察其超微结构;分离培养兔BMSCs,取第3代细胞用于实验,分为PRF组、阳性对照组、空白对照组.诱导培养21d后,对三组细胞分别进行形态学观察,成软骨鉴定染色(甲苯胺蓝、Ⅱ型胶原免疫组化染色),软骨相关基因表达检测(Ⅱ型胶原、Aggrecan、SOX9).结果:PRF组和阳性对照组中BMSCs经诱导后,细胞由长梭形变为三角形、多角形、圆形;甲苯胺蓝、Ⅱ型胶原免疫组化染色均为阳性;Ⅱ型胶原、Aggrecan、SOX9基因表达水平均较高,两组比较无统计学差异,空白对照组未见相关分化现象.结论:PRF在体外可促进兔BMSCs成软骨分化,可作为自体生物材料,在构建组织工程软骨中发挥更好的作用.

  12. 自体骨髓间充质干细胞复合富血小板纤维蛋白促进新骨形成的研究%Research of Bone Marrow Mesenchymal Stem Cells Combined with Platelet Rich Fibrin Promoting New Bone Formation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周春梅; 李淑慧; 温齐古丽·乃库力; 于莉; 袁萍; 尼加提·吐尔逊

    2016-01-01

    目的 研究自体骨髓间充质干细胞(bone marrow stem cells,BMSCs)复合富血小板纤维蛋白(platelet-rich fibrin,PRF)对兔拔牙窝骨缺损新骨形成的促进作用.方法 将2月龄雄性新西兰兔27只,随机分3组,每组9只,建立动物模型,均在全身麻醉下微创拔除下颌左侧中切牙.A、B和C组分别为BMSCs复合PRF、单一PRF和空白对照.每组3只于3个时间点,即第4、8、12周,在骨缺损部位取材,拍摄X线片观察骨缺损区骨质的愈合及改建情况.同时制作HE染色的组织切片,进行骨计量观察.结果 观察和使用灰度值统计软件进行分析的结果表明,在4、8、12周A组缺损区骨密度明显高于B、C组(P<0.01).A组与B、C组的骨计量学比较分析显示骨小梁宽度、缺损区骨量、成骨细胞数差异均有统计学意义(P<0.01).结论 自体BMSCs复合PRF应用于兔牙槽骨缺损区能有效促进新骨形成.

  13. Experimental study on repairing of bone defect around titanium screw by heterogeneous freeze-dried bone and platelet-rich fibrin compound%异种冻干骨及与富血小板纤维蛋白的复合物修复钛螺纹钉周骨缺损的实验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾莹珍; 刘志芳; 李冰婷; 李冬雪; 侯晓薇

    2015-01-01

    目的 通过将异种冻干骨及其与富血小板纤维蛋白(platelet-rich fibrin,PRF)的复合物分别植入兔下颌骨骨缺损,即刻植入钛螺纹钉的实验研究,探讨异种冻干骨及其与PRF的复合物对钛螺纹钉周围骨缺损区修复的作用.方法 12只新西兰大耳白兔,于下颌骨造极限骨缺损,并紧贴骨缺损近中及远中边缘各植入钛螺纹钉;右侧缺损区植入异种冻干骨与PRF的复合物为实验组,左侧缺损区植入异种冻干骨作对照组;2组于术后4、8、12周处死后常规取材,行大体观察、X线观察、骨密度分析、组织学观察.结果 术后4、8、12周实验组钛螺纹钉骨缺损新生骨灰度值比对照组大(P<0.05).组织学观察显示,实验组骨成熟程度均高于对照组.结论 异种冻干骨可以作为一种骨替代材料修复钛螺纹钉周围骨缺损,与PRF联合应用后,在修复骨缺损中显示出了更好的成骨作用.

  14. Effect of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) on the proliferation and differentiation of DPSCs in vitro%富血小板纤维蛋白对牙髓干细胞体外增殖与分化特性的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘南霞; 赵寅华; 张旻; 陈永进

    2013-01-01

    目的:探讨不同浓度富血小板纤维蛋白(platelet-rich fibrin,PRF)对犬牙髓干细胞(dental pulp stem cells,DPSCs)体外增殖及成牙本质/成骨分化能力的影响.方法:酶消法分离培养犬DPSCs,经流式细胞术和多向分化鉴定后分别在含自体PRF体积比为1/8、2/8、3/8的3种浓度的培养基中进行培养;采用MTT法检测1、2、3、4、5、6、7d各时间点的细胞增殖活性;实时定量PCR检测培养7、14、21 d时ALP、DSPP、DMPl mRNA的表达水平.结果:成功分离并获得克隆化培养的犬DPSCs,DPSCs具有成骨和成脂分化能力;3种浓度PRF均能促进DPSCs的增殖,1周内促增殖作用有时间依赖性而无PRF浓度依赖性;不同浓度PRF可通过上调成牙本质/成骨早期标志基因ALP、DSPP mRNA及晚期标志基因DMP1mRNA的表达来促进犬DPSCs成牙本质/成骨向分化,该效应既具时间依赖性又具有PRF浓度依赖性.结论:自体PRF可以不同方式同时促进犬DPSCs的增殖及分化.

  15. 富血小板纤维蛋白/异种冻干骨复合物修复骨缺损及骨整合的作用%Effect of freeze-dried bone xenograft and platelet-rich fibrin compound on osteogenesis and osseointegration of alveolar bone defects

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李冰婷; 贾莹珍; 刘志芳; 宋媛; 侯晓薇

    2014-01-01

    背景:异种冻干骨具有很好的骨引导性及低抗原性,但骨诱导性相对较差;自体富血小板纤维蛋白具有很好的诱导成骨能力。  目的:观察富血小板纤维蛋白/异种冻干骨复合物在修复种植体周骨缺损及骨整合过程中的作用。  方法:取新西兰大白兔12只,于双侧下颌无牙区造极限骨缺损模型。在两侧缺损区的近中、远中端骨壁各植入1枚钛螺纹钉,使种植体临近缺损侧无骨支持,右侧缺损区填压入自体富血小板纤维蛋白/异种冻干骨复合物,作为实验组;左侧缺损区填入异种冻干骨,作为对照组。植入4,8,12周后取完整下颌骨标本进行大体形态观察、植体扭矩测试及组织学观察。  结果与结论:植入4周时,实验组可见新生血管,成骨细胞数量多,呈单层紧密排列在新生骨小梁的表面;对照组可见炎性细胞浸润,纤维组织增多,新生血管稀疏,成骨细胞及新生骨数量较实验组少。植入8周时,实验组见大量新生血管,骨小梁密集,呈网状连接,部分已逐渐融合成岛状;对照组新生血管较实验组少,骨小梁纤细,散乱。植入12周时,实验组新生骨组织成熟,骨小梁钙化程度高,可见形成板状新骨;对照组骨小梁融合成片,趋向成熟,但成熟度不及实验组。实验组不同时间点种植体-骨结合强度高于对照组(P OBJECTIVE:To observe the effect of freeze-dried bone xenograft/platelet rich fibrin compound on bone defect repairing and osseointegration around the implant. METHODS:Twelve normal New Zealand white rabbits were used to prepare the bone defect models at the edentulous area of the bilateral mandible. One titanium screw was implanted in the mesial and distal bone wal of bilateral bone defects respectively. The defects in the right side as experimental group were filed with freeze-dried bone xenograft/platelet rich

  16. Histological study on the impact of immediate implantation of Platelet Rich Fibrin on rabbit alveolarridge defect%PRF 植入兔拔牙创内的实验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王芳; 孙乐刚; 张惠芹

    2014-01-01

    Objective To explore the role of PRF to promote bone regeneration of the sockets and the role to remain alveolar bone . Methods ①Experimental animal model:24 rabbits were randomly divided into 4 groups(group A, group B, group C, group D), with one mandibular central incisors extracted .PRF was prepared by the autologous blood and implanted into the sockets .A, B,C group were respectively implanted with PRF/nano-HA, PRF,nano-HA composite graft, and D group was as control.Animals were killed respectively at 4, 12 weeks and samples were obtained for histological observation .②.Observation: Histological slides were made with decalcified , dehydrated and paraffin -embedded specimen ,and angiogenesis and osteosis were observed under microscope . Results In the 4th week after surgery , quantity and quality of new bone tissues group A >group B >group C >group D.At 12 weeks the group A was better than other groups .There is no significant difference between the group B and group C .But both of them were better than qroup D .Conclusions ①PRF can accelerate healing of the bone tissue .②PRF/nano-HA play a role on preserving the alveolar ridge after teeth extraction and may be used as a favourable material on alveolarridge defect .%目的:探讨PRF对拔牙窝的促进骨再生作用及牙槽嵴保存的影响。方法①实验动物模型:将24只新西兰大白兔随机分为4组( A、B、C、D组),每组6只,拔除一侧下颌切牙。抽取大白兔自体外周血液,离心后制成PRF。A组拔牙窝内植入PRF/nano-HA混合物;B组拔牙窝内植入PRF;C组拔牙窝内植入nano-HA;D组拔牙窝作为空白对照。分别于术后4周、12周处死动物,取材。②观察:将标本脱钙脱水石蜡包埋行组织学切片,显微镜下观察骨愈合情况。结果术后4周,拔牙窝内新生骨组织数量质量A组>B组>C组>D组(空白组)。术后12周,A组成骨质量最好,B、C组骨改建情况类似,均优

  17. 早期应用富血小板血浆凝胶对自体脂肪组织移植存活率的影响%Platelet-rich plasma fibrin glue in the early stage for survival rate of autogeneic fat graft

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黎洪棉; 柳大烈; 吴涛; 赵培冉; 梁双武

    2011-01-01

    背景:自体颗粒脂肪组织填充广泛用于修复重建领域,移植后组织大量被吸收可严重影响远期效果.目的:观察早期应用富血小板血浆对自体移植脂肪组织存活率的影响.方法:取健康成年人腹部脂肪组织颗粒进行纯化,同时抽取少量静脉血,采用离心法提取自体富血小板血浆,利用纤维蛋白胶的物理特性制备含有富血小板血浆的脂肪组织复合移植物,在裸鼠背部中线两侧各分离一个腔隙,富血小板血浆组将脂肪组织颗粒-富血小板血浆凝胶随机注射入一侧腔隙深筋膜下,对侧仅注入脂肪组织颗粒作为对照组.结果与结论:移植后1个月和3个月,与对照组比较,富血小板血浆组移植脂肪局部的血管增生均较明显(P < 0.05),脂肪质量保持率均较高(P < 0.05);移植物脂肪细胞纤维坏死率均较低(P < 0.05).提示早期应用富血小板血浆凝胶可促进移植脂肪组织局部的血管再生,增加脂肪组织的质量保持率,减少脂肪移植后的纤维坏死程度.%BACKGROUND: Autogeneic fat is the ideal filling material in aesthetic and reconstructive surgery. However, the autogeneic fat graft produces serious impact on long-term effect because much fat would be absorbed after transplantation. Accordingly,difficulties in this field are how to increase the survival rate of autogeneic fat graft.OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) on the survival rate of autogeneic free grain fat grafts.METHODS: The fat was harvested from abdominal region of healthy adults and purified. At the same time, venous blood was taken from concurrent patients and PRP was prepared by centrifugation. The grafts were made using fibrin glue combined with PRP according to the physical characteristics of fibrin glue. A subdermal pocket was created in each side of the dorsal midline,the grafts which carried fat particle and PRP fibrin glue were randomly implanted below the deep fascia of

  18. Effects of Choukroun′s Platelet-Rich Fibrin on the Osteogenic Differentiation of Dog Dental Pulp Cells in vitro%富血小板纤维蛋白对牙髓细胞增殖与分化的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于佳; 郝永明; 陆家瑜; 赵伟; 曹春花; 邹德荣

    2014-01-01

    目的:评估牙髓细胞在富血小板纤维蛋白(platelet-rich fibrin, PRF)存在下的体外增殖及成骨分化的能力,为PRF作为支架材料、牙髓细胞作为种子细胞构建组织工程骨,进行前期研究。方法:3月龄比格犬拔除乳磨牙获得乳牙牙髓细胞;恒牙牙髓细胞从16月龄成年比格犬磨牙获得。静脉取血离心10 min获得PRF。实验分4组:对照组(普通培养基不加入PRF);实验组A(普通培养基加入PRF);实验组B(成骨诱导培养基不加入PRF);实验组C(成骨诱导培养基加入PRF)。分别于1、4、7和11d测定细胞数量、MTT值、半定量碱性磷酸酶值、成骨相关基因Q-PCR值,并于21d测定钙结节吸光度值。结果:PRF是一种可以促进牙髓细胞增殖的,无毒性作用的纤维网状支架结构;细胞水平上PRF促进了两种细胞的成骨分化:钙结节以及碱性磷酸酶半定量数值都明显上调(P<0.05);基因水平上,4个时间点成骨相关基因的表达量都显著增加(P<0.05),且乳牙牙髓细胞的表现均优于恒牙牙髓细胞。结论:可使用PRF和牙髓细胞复合构建组织工程骨。%Objective:To evaluate the effects of choukroun's PRF (platelet-rich fibrin) on proliferation and differentiation of dental pulp cells in vitro and making a pre-feasibility assess hunting for the optimum scaffold. Methods:Pulp tissues of deciduous and permanent molars were harvested from 3-month and 16-month old beagle dogs respectively. Dental pulp cells were isolated and cloned. Jugular vein blood were collected from beagle dogs and centrifugation at 3 000 r/min for 10 minutes to obtain PRF. The experiments were divided into four groups:control group (ordinary medium without PRF), test group A ( ordinary medium with PRF), test group B (osteoinduction medium without PRF), test group C (added PRF in osteoinduction medium ). Cell counts and cytotoxicity tests, semi

  19. Orthotopic bone formation in titanium fiber mesh loaded with platelet-rich plasma and placed in segmental defects.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kroese-Deutman, H.C.; Vehof, J.W.M.; Spauwen, P.H.M.; Stoelinga, P.J.W.; Jansen, Jarno

    2008-01-01

    The effect of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) on bone formation was investigated in a rabbit segmental radial defect model. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the bone inductive properties of PRP with titanium fiber mesh and autologous bone chips in a 15-mm rabbit radial defect model. Eighteen New

  20. 牙齿煅烧颗粒结合富血小板纤维蛋白修复骨缺损的实验研究%Bone Regeneration Effects of Tooth Ash in Conjunction with Platelet-rich Fibrin in an Animal Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭津源; 仲维剑; 柴松岭; 梁欣; 马国武

    2015-01-01

    目的:通过动物实验评价富血小板纤维蛋白(Platelet-Rich Fibrin,PRF)促进牙齿煅烧颗粒修复骨缺损的早期效果.方法:6月龄新西兰兔10只,于颅顶部制备4个骨缺损,每个骨缺损作为1个观察组.A组为空白对照,不填材料;B组为对照组,填入牙齿煅烧颗粒;C组为实验组,填入牙齿煅烧颗粒与PRF混合物;D组为阳性对照组,填入牙齿煅烧颗粒与骨髓混合物.术后6周取材,通过大体观察、X线检查和组织学分析骨缺损的修复效果.结果:各组骨缺损内均未见炎症反应,新骨生成率分别为:A组(7.5±2.2)%;B组(17.6±2.3)%;C组(21.0±4.7)%;D组(23.4%±3.2)%.统计学分析发现,B、C、D组的新骨生成率显著高于A组(P<0.05).C组和D组的新骨生成率显著高于B组(P<0.05).C组和D组间的新骨生成率没有显著性差异.结论:牙齿煅烧颗粒具有良好生物相容性和骨传导性,与PRF混合后可以显著加快新骨再生的速度,促进骨缺损的修复.

  1. Effect of platelet rich fibrin on proliferation and differentiation of human gingival fibroblasts on rough titanium surface%富血小板纤维蛋白对粗糙钛板表面牙龈成纤维细胞增殖和分化的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    Objective To study the effect of platelet rich fibrin (PRF) on proliferation and differentiation of human gingival fibroblasts on rough titanium surface. Methods Human gingival fibroblasts were cultured in vitro, and their fourth generation was co-cultured with rough titanium. The cells were then cultured in common medium and PRF medium respectively, and detected by MTT, RT-PCR and Western blot respectively. Results MTT showed that PRF could promote the proliferation of human gingival fibroblasts(P < 0.05). RT-PCR demonstrated that the expression level of typeⅠcollagen mRNA was higher than that of bFGF mRNA in PRF medium than in common medium(P<0.05). Western blot displayed that the expression level of typeⅠcollagen was higher in PRF medium than in common medium(P<0.05). Conclusion PRF can accelerate the proliferation and differentiation of human gingival fibroblasts on rough titanium surface.%  目的探讨富血小板纤维蛋白对粗糙钛板表面人牙龈成纤维细胞增殖和分化的影响。方法体外培养人牙龈成纤维细胞,传至第4代与粗糙钛板联合培养用于实验。分别在普通培养基和含富血小板纤维蛋白的培养基中培养,MTT、RT-PCR、蛋白印迹技术进行检测。结果 MTT结果显示含加入富血小板纤维蛋白能明显促进粗糙钛板表面人牙龈成纤维细胞的增殖,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。RT-PCR提示两组均有Type(Ⅰ)collagen和bFGF的mRNA表达,含富血小板纤维蛋白组mRNA表达比普通组明显增强。WB提示,Ⅰ型胶原蛋白表达在含富血小板纤维蛋白组中明显增强。结论富血小板纤维蛋白能促进粗糙钛板表面人牙龈成纤维细胞的增殖和分化。

  2. Advantages of Pure Platelet-Rich Plasma Compared with Leukocyte- and Platelet-Rich Plasma in Treating Rabbit Knee Osteoarthritis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yin, Wen-Jing; Xu, Hai-Tao; Sheng, Jia-Gen; An, Zhi-Quan; Guo, Shang-Chun; Xie, Xue-Tao; Zhang, Chang-Qing

    2016-04-17

    BACKGROUND Concentrated leukocytes in leukocyte- and platelet-rich plasma (L-PRP) may deliver increased levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines to activate the NF-κB signaling pathway, to counter the beneficial effects of growth factors on osteoarthritic cartilage. However, to date no relevant studies have substantiated that in vivo. MATERIAL AND METHODS Autologous L-PRP and pure platelet-rich plasma (P-PRP) were prepared, measured for componential composition, and injected intra-articularly after 4, 5, and 6 weeks post-anterior cruciate ligament transection. Caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) was injected intraperitoneally to inhibit NF-κB activation. All rabbits were sacrificed after 8 weeks postoperative. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays were performed to determine interleukin 1β (IL-1β) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) concentrations in the synovial fluid, Indian ink staining was performed for gross morphological assessment, and hematoxylin and eosin staining and toluidine blue staining were performed for histological assessment. RESULTS Compared with L-PRP, P-PRP injections achieved better outcomes regarding the prevention of cartilage destruction, preservation of cartilaginous matrix, and reduction of IL-1β and PGE2 concentrations. CAPE injections reversed the increased IL-1β and PGE2 concentrations in the synovial fluid after L-PRP injections and improved the outcome of L-PRP injections to a level similar to P-PRP injections, while they had no influence on the therapeutic efficacy of P-PRP injections. CONCLUSIONS Concentrated leukocytes in L-PRP may release increased levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines to activate the NF-κB signaling pathway, to counter the beneficial effects of growth factors on osteoarthritic cartilage, and finally, result in a inferior efficacy of L-PRP to P-PRP for the treatment of osteoarthritis.

  3. Platelet-rich plasma in regenerative medicine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guhta Ra Hara and Thaha Basu

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Platelet-rich plasma (PRP contains at least seven growth factors including epidermal, plateletderived, transforming, vascular endothelial, fibroblast, insulin-like and keratinocyte growth factor. The therapeutic effect of PRP occurs because of the high concentration of these growth factors compared with those found in normal plasma. In recent years, PRP is widely used across many clinical fields, especially in regenerative medicine. This review aimed at presenting an overview of the applications of PRP in regenerative medicine. The mechanisms of PRP effects on healing are also stated in this review. [Biomed Res Ther 2014; 1(1.000: 25-31

  4. Ectopic chondrogenesis of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells combined with platelet-rich fibrin in vivo%骨髓间充质干细胞复合富血小板纤维蛋白异位成软骨的实验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李轶杰; 陈慧; 刘鹏; 张旻; 陈永进

    2013-01-01

    AIM: To explore the ectopic chondrogenesis effects of double membrane transplant constructed by homologous rabbit platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) and bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell (BMSC) sheet in cartilage microenvironment in vivo. METHODS: BMSCs was obtained from New Zealand rabbits by density gradient centrifuga-tion. The cells were identified by flow cytomety, osteogenic and adipogenic induction assays and then used to form BMSC sheet cultured by standard medium with Vitamin C. PRF membrane was prepared by centrifuging the whole blood from the rabbit auricle arterial and then squeezing out the serum from the clot. The PRF membrane was co-cultured with BMSC sheet. Afterwards, the BMSCs/PRF compound membranes enwraping auricle cartilage fragments were implanted into the dorsal subcutaneous area of 15 nude mice. Only BMSC sheets enwraping auricle cartilage fragments were implanted into another 15 nude mice as the controls. 4, 8 and 12 weeks after implantation, cartilage formation was observed by HE staining and toluidine blue staining. IPP 6.0 was used for image analysis and SPSS 13.0 was used for data analysis. RESULTS: HE staining showed chondrogenesis in ectopic sites 2, 4 and 8 weeks after implantation in experimental group. In contrast, only a few chondrocytes were observed in control group at 8 weeks. IPP data analy- sis showed the average optical density value of experimental group increased gradually and was significantly higher than that of the control at the same time points (P <0. 05). CONCLUSION: The new autotransplant constructed by the BMSC sheet and PRF can provide an effective way for chondrogenesis.%目的:探讨富血小板纤维蛋白(platelet-rich fibrin,PRF)复合兔骨髓间充质干细胞膜片在软骨微环境下异位成软骨的可行性.方法:取3~4月龄雄性新西兰兔骨髓,体外分离、培养骨髓间充质干细胞;经来源鉴定后,取第3代细胞诱导培养形成细胞膜片;抽取同一只兔动脉血制备PRF后与

  5. Release kinetics of platelet-derived and plasma-derived growth factors from autologous plasma rich in growth factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anitua, Eduardo; Zalduendo, Mari Mar; Alkhraisat, Mohammad Hamdan; Orive, Gorka

    2013-10-01

    Many studies have evaluated the biological effects of platelet rich plasma reporting the final outcomes on cell and tissues. However, few studies have dealt with the kinetics of growth factor delivery by plasma rich in growth factors. Venous blood was obtained from three healthy volunteers and processed with PRGF-Endoret technology to prepare autologous plasma rich in growth factors. The gel-like fibrin scaffolds were then incubated in triplicate, in a cell culture medium to monitor the release of PDGF-AB, VEGF, HGF and IGF-I during 8 days of incubation. A leukocyte-platelet rich plasma was prepared employing the same technology and the concentrations of growth factors and interleukin-1β were determined after 24h of incubation. After each period, the medium was collected, fibrin clot was destroyed and the supernatants were stored at -80°C until analysis. The growth factor delivery is diffusion controlled with a rapid initial release by 30% of the bioactive content after 1h of incubation and a steady state release when almost 70% of the growth factor content has been delivered. Autologous fibrin matrix retained almost 30% of the amount of the growth factors after 8 days of incubation. The addition of leukocytes to the formula of platelet rich plasma did not increase the concentration of the growth factors, while it drastically increased the presence of pro-inflammatory IL-1β. Further studies employing an in vitro inflammatory model would be interesting to study the difference in growth factors and pro-inflammatory cytokines between leukocyte-free and leukocyte-rich platelet rich plasma.

  6. Treatment results of combined platelet-rich plasma and fat injection in patients with velopharyngeal insufficiency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamid Reza Fathi

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: Velopharyngeal insufficiency causes hypernasal vocal quality and can also result in audible nasal air emission and difficulty in producing pressure consonants. The resulting speech is often socially unacceptable and can be difficult to understand. Platelet-rich plasma is an autologous derivative of whole blood. Today, the importance of clinical use of Platelet-rich plasma in the plastic surgery is considered. This study was designed to evaluate the effectiveness of combined Platelet-rich plasma and fat injection in the treatment of velopharyngeal insufficiency. Methods: In this prospective clinicaltrial study, of 15 patients including 9 males and 6 females and aged 15-20 years with mild/ moderate velopharyngeal insufficiency who were injected with 5 mL of combined Platelet-rich plasma (1 mL and fat (4 mL in the front volume in the posterior pharyngeal wall in the pre-vertebral fascia under sedation. Speech samples were recorded by nasoendoscopy before the injection, and at 6 weeks and 6 months after the injection. Assessment of pathologic speech was done by speech therapist. Results: Velar displacement showed significantly increased at 6 weeks after the injection (P=0.049. Velopharyngeal gap disappeared in 60% of patients at 6 weeks after the injection (P=0.019. Lateral pharyngeal wall movement showed significantly increased in 73.3% of the patients at 6 months after the injection (P=0.04. After the treatment, aerodynamic assessment showed significantly decreased in nasal air escape during phonation and repeat the words (P<0.05. Assessment speech therapist showed significantly improve quality of phonation in these patients (P<0.05. Conclusion: It seems that, combined Platelet-rich plasma and fat injection lead to improve voice resonance and reduce nasal air escape in all treated cases. It can be a promising alternative to major procedures, such as velopharyngoplasties, for the treatment of mild/ moderate velopharyngeal insufficiency.

  7. Platelet-rich plasma for rotator cuff repair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barber, F Alan

    2013-12-01

    Rotator cuff tears are a common cause of shoulder pain and disability. Because they combine both traumatic and degenerative elements, the surgical repair can be challenging. Even after surgical intervention, tendon residual defects or "retears" often develop. Risk factors for tendon "retears" include patient age, number of tendons involved, tear size, and smoking. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is a supraphysiological concentration of platelets, which may be able to positively augment rotator cuff tendon healing. Not all PRPs are the same and those containing higher leukocyte levels may be detrimental to tendon healing. Thrombin activation triggers an immediate release of growth factors from the PRP and may actually inhibit some parts of the healing response. As yet, the clinical data does not conclusively prove a benefit from PRP, but discernment is required in evaluating the published results. As different PRPs may act differently and the results may be dose dependent requiring more PRP to achieve a beneficial threshold. How success is measured (clinical outcomes vs. intact cuff tendons) and how long the patients are followed are also critical items. Currently, the PRP fibrin matrix version holds the greatest promise for improving clinical success after rotator cuff tendon repair.

  8. Autologous platelet gel and fibrin sealant enhance the efficacy of total knee arthroplasty : improved range of motion, decreased length of stay and a reduced incidence of arthrofibrosis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Everts, Peter A. M.; Devilee, Roger J. J.; Oosterbos, Cornelis J. M.; Mahoney, Christine Brown; Schattenkerk, Maarten Eeftinck; Knape, Johannes T. A.; van Zundert, Andre

    2007-01-01

    In this study we describe the potential role of autologous platelet gel and fibrin sealant in unilateral total knee arthroplasty to improve the postoperative range of motion and to reduce the incidence of arthrofibrosis. Total knee arthroplasty is often associated with a considerable amount of post-

  9. Effects of intra-articular injection of mesenchymal stem cells associated with platelet-rich plasma in a rabbit model of osteoarthritis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hermeto, L C; DeRossi, R; Oliveira, R J; Pesarini, J R; Antoniolli-Silva, A C M B; Jardim, P H A; Santana, A E; Deffune, E; Rinaldi, J C; Justulin, L A

    2016-09-02

    The current study aims to evaluate the macroscopic and histological effects of autologous mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) and platelet-rich plasma on knee articular cartilage regeneration in an experimental model of osteoarthritis. Twenty-four rabbits were randomly divided into four groups: control group, platelet-rich plasma group, autologous MSC undifferentiated group, and autologous MSC differentiated into chondrocyte group. Collagenase solution was used to induce osteoarthritis, and treatments were applied to each group at 6 weeks following osteoarthritis induction. After 60 days of therapy, the animals were euthanized and the articular surfaces were subjected to macroscopic and histological evaluations. The adipogenic, chondrogenic, and osteogenic differentiation potentials of MSCs were evaluated. Macroscopic and histological examinations revealed improved tissue repair in the MSC-treated groups. However, no difference was found between MSC-differentiated and undifferentiated chondrocytes. We found that MSCs derived from adipose tissue and platelet-rich plasma were associated with beneficial effects in articular cartilage regeneration during experimental osteoarthritis.

  10. 自体与同种异体富血小板血浆对骨髓基质干细胞增殖与分化效应的比较研究%A comparative study of effects of autologous versus allogeneic platelet-rich plasma on the proliferation and differentiation of bone marrow stromal stem cells in rabbits

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕敏; 裴国献; 毕龙; 邹继伟; 李亮; 王德欣; 李丹

    2013-01-01

    目的 比较自体与同种异体富血小板血浆(PRP)在体外对兔骨髓基质干细胞(BMSCs)增殖、分化效应的差异,探讨同种异体PRP促BMSCs增殖与分化的最适作用浓度. 方法 选取新西兰兔3只,常规培养BMSCs,制备PRP.实验分为4组:空白组(达尔伯克改良伊格尔培养基)、常规组(在空白组基础上加10%胎牛血清)、自体组(在常规组基础上加自体PRP萃取液)与同种异体组(在常规组基础上加同种异体PRP萃取液).同种异体组又按PRP与培养液体积百分比不同依次分为10%、20%、30%、40%、50%5种浓度亚组.获得最佳PRP浓度同种异体组后,自体组预设一组相应的PRP浓度亚组.分别于干预后的第4、8、12、16、20天检测各组BMSCs的四唑盐(M TT)值及碱性磷酸酶(ALP)活性,并用促增殖与分化的最适浓度检测各组BMSCs的凋亡率,比较自体与同种异体PRP对BMSCs增殖、分化与凋亡效应的差异. 结果 PRP对BMSCs的分化效应随着增殖效应的增强而变弱,其促BMSCs增殖的最佳浓度约为30%.干预至第4、8、12、16、20天时,30%自体组和30%同种异体组PRP对BMSCs的增殖、分化效应比较差异均无统计学意义(P>0.05).干预第20天时,空白组、常规组、30%自体组及30%同种异体组BMSCs凋亡率平均分别为38.7%±2.0%、24.1%±1.7%、9.7%±0.8%、10.3%±1.2%,30%自体组与30%同种异体组比较差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).结论 在体外实验中,干预至相同时间30%自体组与30%同种异体组对BMSCs的增殖与分化效应无明显差异,同种异体PRP可以取代自体PRP,其促BMSCs增殖与分化的最适PRP浓度约为30%.%Objective To investigate whether autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) can be replaced by allogeneic PRP to promote the in vitro proliferation and differentiation of bone marrow stromal stem cells (BMSCs) in rabbits and to find an optimal concentration at which allogeneic PRP

  11. Platelet-rich plasma: applications in dermatology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conde Montero, E; Fernández Santos, M E; Suárez Fernández, R

    2015-03-01

    In recent years, the use of platelet-rich plasma has increased notably in a range of diseases and settings. Uses of these products now go beyond skin rejuvenation therapy in patients with facial ageing. Good outcomes for other dermatological indications such as skin ulcers and, more recently, alopecia have been reported in case series and controlled studies. However, these indications are not currently included in the labeling given that stronger scientific evidence is required to support their real benefits. With the increased use of these products, dermatologists need to become familiar with the underlying biological principles and able to critically assess the quality and outcomes of the studies of these products in different skin diseases.

  12. Expression and significance of OPG and RANKL protein in repairing alveolar bone defect with bone marrow stem cells(BMSCs) compounded with platelet-rich fibrin(PRF)%BMSCs复合PRF修复牙槽骨缺损中OPG和RANKL的表达及意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张文丽; 陈诚; 李淑慧; 李一鸣; 周晶; 吴佩玲

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨骨髓间充质干细胞(BMSCs)复合富血小板纤维蛋白(PRF)修复牙槽骨缺损中骨保护素(OPG)和核因子B受体活化因子配体(RANKL)的表达及意义。方法:取健康雄性2月龄新西兰兔36只,随机分为A、B、C、D 4组,均在全麻下微创拔除下颌左侧中切牙。 A组植入BMSCs与PRF复合物,B组植入PRF,C组植入BMSCs,D组为空白对照组。按术后4,8,12周3个时间点(每个时间点9只)处死动物并立即于骨缺损部位取材,免疫组织化学方法检测OPG和RANKL的表达。结果:4,8,12周时A组、B组、C组OPG的表达高于D组(P<0.05);4,8,12周时A组、B组、C组RANKL的表达高于D组(P<0.05);析因分析显示自体BMSCs复合PRF修复牙槽骨缺损中OPG,RANKL的表达高于单独使用BMSCs或PRF(P<0.05)。结论:自体BMSCs复合PRF修复牙槽骨缺损会增加OPG,RANKL的表达,有助于牙槽骨改建。%Objective:To observe expression and significance of osteoprotegerin(OPG) and receptor activator of NF kappa B ligand(RANKL) protein in alveolar bone repair with bone marrow stem cells(BMSCs) compounded with platelet-rich fibrin(PRF) in rabbits. Method:Thirty-six male 2 months rabbits were divided into four groups(A,B,C,D) randomly. A group:BMSCs/PRF composite;B group:PRF;C group:BMSCs;D group:blank control.They were minimally invasive re-moval mandible incisor under general anesthesia on the left side.The rabbits were sacarificed at 3 time point(4,8,12 week) with nine sacarificed per time postoperatively and then the jaws were taken out immediately. Immumohistochemistry was performed at each of 3 time points respectively to detect the expression of OPG and RANKL. Result:OPG protein expres-sion in group A,B,C was significantly higher than blank control at 4,8,12 week (P <0.05) and expression of RANKL in group A,B,C was significantly higher than blank control at 4,8,12 week (P<0.05);the

  13. Osteoinductive active material complex with Platelet-rich fibrin guide the new bone formation on extraction sites by bone histomorphometry%骨诱导活性材料复合富血小板纤维蛋白在拔牙位点引导新骨形成的骨计量学研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周春梅; 温齐古丽·乃库力; 于莉; 袁萍; 尼加提·吐尔逊

    2016-01-01

    Objective:The aim of the study was to explore study the effect that osteoinductive active material(OAM) combined with platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) lead to the formation of new bone in the extraction site,and to investigate the re-sult that the composite promoted the preservation and restoration of extraction site. Method:The 12-month-old male Beagle dogs with the number of six were extracted both second maxillary and mandibular lateral incisors with the minimally extract-ed method. To establish the animal model,the four sites were randomly divided into four groups,as A,B,C and D. The for-mer three groups were filled with OAM-PRF composite,OAM and PRF respectively,and D controlled group. Three dogs were randomly sacrificed after one-month treatment,and the left three dogs were sacrificed after three-month treatment. The samples were taken from the alveolar bone and as followed stained with toluidine blue and H.E respectively for histomorpho-metric observation. Result:The trabecular width,trabeculae area and an osteoblastic number of group A are significantly higher than the other three groups(P<0.01). The factorial analysis shows the effect of the OAM-PRF complex is superior to use OAM or PRF alone,guiding the new bone formation in the extraction site area. Conclusion:The number of osteoblasts can increase significantly under the effect of OMA complex with PRF,which contribute to bone remodeling and improving the quality of alveolar bone in tooth extraction site.%目的:研究骨诱导活性材料(Osteoinduction Active Material,OAM)复合富血小板纤维蛋白(Platelet-rich Fibrin,PRF)在拔牙位点引导新骨形成的作用,考察OAM复合PRF促进拔牙位点保存修复的效果。方法:选取12月龄健康雄性Beagle犬6只,建立动物模型,微创拔除两侧上、下颌第二侧切牙。4个位点随机分为A、B、C、D 4组,分别植入PRF与OAM复合物、单一的PRF或OAM,以及空白对照。术后1个月和3

  14. The effects of platelet-rich fibrin extract (PRFe) on osteoblast MC3T3-E1 cells%富血小板纤维蛋白提取液对成骨细胞影响的实验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董凯; 柳忠豪; 张晓洁; 许丰伟

    2013-01-01

    目的:探讨富血小板纤维蛋白提取液(PRFe)对成骨细胞增殖、分化及细胞骨架的影响.方法:将培养中的小鼠成骨细胞MC3T3-E1分为2组,实验组采用50%浓度PRFe,对照组为正常αt-MEM培养液.MTr法检测细胞增殖;碱性磷酸酶(ALP)试剂盒检测ALP活性;茜素红染色观察细胞矿化功能,并用图像分析软件进行半定量分析;激光共聚焦显微镜观察细胞骨架形态.结果:MTT实验显示随时间延长,细胞数目明显增加(P<0.05),在各时间点,实验组细胞数量明显高于对照组(P<0.05);ALP检测显示随时间延长,ALP活性明显增大(P<0.05),在各时间点,实验组A值均显著大于对照组(P<0.05);茜素红染色显示随时间延长,钙结节染色的积分吸光度值逐渐增大(P<0.05),每一时间点,实验组的钙结节积分吸光度值大于对照组(P<0.05);细胞骨架观察显示在各时间点,实验组细胞骨架较对照组更加伸展.结论:PRFe能促进MC3T3-E1细胞的增殖、分化,对细胞骨架的排列和伸展有促进作用.%Objective:To evaluate the effects of platelet-rich fibrin extract (PRFe) on the proliferation and differentiation of osteoblast MC3T3-E1 cells.Methods:MC3T3-E1 cells were cultured in 50% PRFe (test group) and normal α-MEM respectively (controlgroup).The proliferation,alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and mineralization were examined by MTT assay,ALP Kit and Alizarin red dye staining respectively; the F-actin cytoskeleton was observed by confocal laser scaning microscopy (CLSM).Results:PRFe treatment increased the proliferation(P < 0.05),ALP activity(P < 0.05),and calcium nodus formation of MC3T3-E1 cells(P <0.05) in a time-dependant manner.At each time point,filaments in PRFe treated cells were more well spread than those in the untreated.Conclusion:PRFe may stimulate the proliferation and differentiation of osteoblasts and can promote the spread of F-actin cytoskeleton.

  15. Effect of platelet-rich fibrin compounded with osteoinduction active material on extraction site preservation%骨诱导活性材料复合富血小板纤维蛋白在拔牙位点保存中的作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李一鸣; 尼加提·吐尔逊; 周晶; 李淑慧; 吴佩玲

    2015-01-01

    目的 探讨骨诱导活性材料(osteoinduction active material,OAM)复合富血小板纤维蛋白(platelet-rich fibrin,PRF)进行拔牙位点保存的修复效果.方法 12个月龄雄性beagle犬6只,微创拔除其上、下颌双侧第二侧切牙,将4个位点分为4组,分别为PRF+OAM组、PRF组、OAM组和对照组,分别填入PRF+OAM、PRF、OAM和不做处理.6只犬随机分别于术后4、12周各处死3只,取牙槽骨标本行形态学测量和组织学观察,采用锥形束CT(cone beam CT,CBCT)测量骨密度评价拔牙窝的愈合情况.结果 4、12周时PRF+OAM组唇舌侧牙槽嵴宽度((-0.08±0.02)、(-0.09±0.02)mm)和高度((-0.53±0.07)、(-1.15±0.07)mm)均明显低于PRF组(牙槽嵴宽度(-0.15±0.03)、(-0.63±0.04)mm)和高度((-0.74±0.06)、(-1.51±0.05)mm)、OAM组(牙槽嵴宽度(-0.22±0.03)、(-0.08±0.05)mm和高度((-0.95±0.07)、(-1.51±0.06)mm)及对照组(牙槽嵴宽度(-0.35±0.08)、(-1.17±0.21)mm和高度((-1.27±0.12)、(-1.70±0.05)mm)(P均<0.05);析因分析结果显示,PRF组、OAM组存在交互作用,OAM与PRF混合使用效果优于分别单独使用;愈合期PRF+OAM组拔牙创CT差值(35.33±2.08)均高于PRF组(33.33±3.51)、OAM组(-80.67±2.08)和对照组(-153.33±2.88)(P<0.05);术后4、12周PRF+OAM组拔牙窝新生骨排列规则度及成骨情况明显优于PRF组、OAM组和对照组(P<0.05).结论 PRF+ OAM应用于拔牙位点保存中可减缓牙槽嵴吸收,促进组织修复,其效果明显优于单独使用PRF和OAM.

  16. Experimental study of repairing mandibular bone defect with ADSCs/β-TCP and Platelet-rich fibrin by tissue engineering%复合ADSCs/β-TCP组织工程骨与PRF修复下颌骨缺损的实验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨世茂; 王明国; 李静; 刘金盼

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To study the effects of adipose tissue-derived stem cells/β-tricalcium phophate( ADSCs/β-TCP) and Platelet-rich fibrin(PRF) in mandibular defect repair. Methods: Autogenious ADSCs were cultured and PRF was pripared from 27 New Zealand white rabbits. The animals were divided randomly into 3 groups according to a randomized controlled animal experiment; A,B and C with 9 in each group. Bone defect model was made in bilateral mandibulars of each rabbit. β-TCP, ADSCs/β-TCP and ADSCs/β-TCP/PRF were transplanted into the bilateral defects in group A,B and C respectively. 3 rabbits of each group were killed 2, 4,and 8 weeks after operation respectively, and the healing of the defects was observed by gross observation, X-ray and histological examination. Results: The osteogenesis in group C was significantly better than that in group A and B at 2, 4 and 8 weeks ( P 0. 05). Conclusion; The compound of ADSCs/p-TCP/ PRF can improve bone generation in mandibular defect.%目的:探讨脂肪干细胞/β-磷酸三钙(ADSCs/β-TCP)组织工程骨复合富血小板纤维蛋白(PRF)在修复下颌骨缺损中的作用.方法:新西兰大白兔27只,采用随机对照动物实验,随机分为3组,每组9只,培养家兔自体ADSCs,制备自体PRF.在每只兔子的双侧下颌骨制备下颌骨缺损模型.A组:将单纯的β-磷酸三钙(β-TCP)植入双侧下颌骨缺损区,B组:将ADSCs/[β-TCP植入双侧下颌骨缺损区,C组:将ADSCs/β-TCP与PRF植入双侧下颌骨缺损区.分别于术后2、4、8周分别处死9只大白兔,并通过大体观察、X线片、以及组织切片观察下颌骨缺损的修复情况.结果:C组在2、4、8周3个时间点的成骨情况明显优于其他2组(P0.05).结论:ADSCs/β-TCP复合物与PRF联合应用可促进下颌骨缺损的修复.

  17. 富血小板纤维蛋白凝胶三维结构及其对人牙髓细胞体外增殖的影响%Three-dimensional structure of platelet-rich fibrin gel and its effect on proliferation of human dental pulp cells in vitro

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何璇; 韦维; 陈文霞

    2015-01-01

    目的:分析富血小板纤维蛋白(platelet-rich fibrin,PRF)凝胶的三维结构,并探索不同浓度PRF凝胶析出液对人牙髓细胞(human dental pulp cells,hDPCs)体外增殖的影响,评价PRF凝胶作为牙髓组织再生支架的可行性.方法:采用Choukroun一步离心法,制备PRF凝胶,分别行组织学和扫描电镜(SEM)观察.将新鲜制备的PRF凝胶浸泡于DMEM培养基中,于第7天取出析出液.分别用含PRF凝胶析出液浓度(体积分数)为25%(1PRF组)和75%(3PRF组)的DMEM培养基培养hDPCs.采用细胞计数试剂盒8(CCK-8)检测24、48、72、96、120、144、168 h各时间点的细胞增殖活性.采用SPSS16.0软件包对数据进行统计学处理.结果:光镜和SEM观察结果均表明,血小板和白细胞主要分布在PRF凝胶的白膜层,此层由粗大而密集的纤维蛋白条索构成.CCK-8结果显示,在24、48、72、96 h,1PRF组和3PRF组的光密吸光度(OD)值与对照组相比,差异无显著性(P>0.05);在120、144、168 h,1PRF组和3PRF组的光密度值显著高于对照组(P<0.05);1PRF组的OD值和3PRF组相比,差异无显著性(P>0.05).结论:PRF凝胶的三维结构由纤维蛋白网构成,其白膜层聚集了大量可释放生长因子的血小板与白细胞;PRF凝胶析出液对hDPCs体外增殖的促进作用具有时间依赖性,提示PRF凝胶有望成为牙髓再生的良好支架材料.

  18. The effects of platelet-rich fibrin extract (PRFe) on Periodontal ligament cell%富血小板纤维蛋白提取液对牙周膜成纤维细胞成骨能力影响的实验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩晓鹏; 董凯; 李黛; 张晓洁; 柳忠豪

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the effect of platelet-rich fibrin extract (PRFe) on proliferation and bone differentiation of Periodontal ligament cell. Methods: Trials are divided into the experimental group(P) and the control group(D), group P use the osteogenic induction α-MEM(10% FBS, penicillin100 mg/L, streptomycin100mg/L, 10-2mol/L sodium β-glycerophosphate, 10-7mol/L dexamethasone, 5mg/L vitamin C) containing PRFe, while group D just use the osteogenic induction α-MEM. MTT assay to detect the number of the osteoblasts at 1d, 3d, 5d;the activity of alkaline phosphatase(ALP) to detect the differen-tiation of osteoblast at 1d, 3d, 5d; mean while,the level of osteogenetic biomarkers Runx2 and OCN at 3d, 7d were quantified by real-time PCR. Results: MTT assay: At 1d, 3d, 5d, a significant increase of absorbance were showed in group P(1d: 0.235±0.012, 3d: 0.270±0.014, 5d: 0.686±0.040) than group D (1d:0.201 ±0.011, 3d: 0.286 ±0.020, 5d: 0.426 ±0.024)(P<0.05). ALP activity: At 1d, 3d, 5d, the ab-sorbance of group P (1d:0.124 ±0.018,3d:0.176 ±0.013,5d:0.361 ±0.021)was significant higher than group D(1d:0.103±0.011,3d:0.123±0.012,5d:0.162±0.014)(p<0.05). Realtime PCR: As the standard-ization in the group,the gene expression level of group D at 3d were defined as 1, the Runx2 and OCN gene expression in group P (Cfba1, 3d:1.751 ±0.136, 7d: 2.287 ±0.165; OCN, 3d:1.510 ±0.129, 7d:2.103 ±0.042) are larger than group D (Cfba1, 3d:1, 7d:1.367 ±0.121; OCN, 3d:1, 7d: 1.208 ±0.051) (P<0.05). Conclusions: Our work confirmed that PRFe is useful in stimulating the proliferation and bone differentiation of Periodontal ligament cell.%目的:探讨富血小板纤维蛋白提取液(Platelet-rich fibrin extract, PRFe)对牙周膜成纤维细胞(Periodon-tal ligament cell PDLC)增殖、成骨分化的影响,以期为富血小板纤维蛋白在临床的应用提供理论基础。方法:实验分为实验组(P组)和对照组(D组), P组使用

  19. Effects of Choukroun's platelet-rich fibrin on human gingival fibroblasts proliferation, migration and type Ⅰ collagen secretion%富血小板纤维蛋白对人牙龈成纤维细胞增殖、迁移和分泌Ⅰ型胶原的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范文娟; 杨明; 张晨; 薛蕊; 张炜; 秦红霞

    2013-01-01

    目的 体外研究富血小板纤维蛋白(platelet-rich fibrin,PRF)对人牙龈成纤维细胞(human gingival fibroblasts,HGF)增殖、迁移和Ⅰ型胶原表达能力的影响.方法 采用组织块培养法原代培养人牙龈成纤维细胞,采用Choukroun的方法制备PRF,将自体PRF与HGF共培养,分为PRF1组(含1片PRF膜)、PRF2组(含2片PRF膜)和空白对照组,每组设6个复孔,共培养1、3、5d后,甲基噻唑基四唑(methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium,MTT)法检测细胞毒性及增殖水平;酶联免疫吸附测定法检测培养上清液中Ⅰ型胶原的分泌水平;制备PRF膜浸出液,分为PRF1组、PRF2组和空白对照组,每组设6个复孔,Transwell系统检测PRF膜浸出液对HGF迁移的作用.结果 细胞增殖实验显示,第1、3、5天PRF1组A值(0.615±0.036、0.686±0.006、0.693±0.004)和PRF2组A值(0.653±0.023、0.766±0.034、0.775±0.053)均显著高于空白对照组(0.514±0.020、0.544±0.006、0.545±0.009) (P <0.01),PRF1组和PRF2组A值差异无统计学意义(P>0.05);各组内不同时间点间相比,随时间递增A值均显著增高(P<0.01).细胞迁移实验显示,PRF1组和PRF2组细胞迁移数[分别为(85.67±2.94)、(85.83±1.47)]均显著高于空白对照组(54.17±2.48)(P <0.01);PRF1组和PRF2组细胞迁移数差异无统计学意义(P>0.05);细胞分泌Ⅰ型胶原实验显示,第1、3、5天PRF1组A值(0.184±0.004、0.200±0.004、0.204±0.009)和PRF 2组A值(0.213±0.008、0.226±0.005、0.229±0.006)均显著高于空白对照组(0.174±0.002、0.184±0.002、0.186±0.003) (P <0.01),PRF1组和PRF2组A值差异无统计学意义(P>0.05);各组内不同时间点间相比,随时间递增A值均显著增高(P<0.01).结论 PRF对HGF的生物学行为具有显著促进作用,PRF与种子细胞HGF相结合,在治疗牙龈退缩及牙周组织工程中具有较大的临床应用潜能.%Objective To investigate the effect of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF)on human gingival

  20. 富血小板纤维蛋白提取液对MC3T3-E1细胞影响的实验研究%Effects of platelet-rich fibrin extract on MC3T3-E1 cell

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董凯; 柳忠豪; 张晓洁; 许丰伟

    2013-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the effect of platelet-rich fibrin extract (PRFe) on proliferation and differentiation and F-actin cytoskeleton of osteoblasts.Methods The experimental group used the α-minimum essential medium(α-MEM) containing PRFe(10% fetal bovine serum),and the control group used the α-MEM (10% fetal bovine serum).The number of the osteoblasts at 1st,3rd,5th d was detected by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium(MTT) assay,and the differentiation of osteoblast at lst,3rd,5th,7 th d detected by the activity of alkaline phosphatase(ALP).The alizarin red dye was used to observe the number of calcium nodus at 14th,21st d.The F-actin cytoskeleton was evaluated by confocal laser scanning microscope (CLSM) at 3rd,6th,9th,12th h.The level of osteogenetic biomarkers osteocalcin(OCN) and core-binding factor α1 (Cbfα1) at 3rd,7th d were quantified by real-time PCR.Results A significant increase of absorbance at 1st,3rd,5th d was showed in experimental group (0.336 ± 0.011,0.571 ± 0.039,0.787 ± 0.050) compared to control group (0.300 ± 0.021,0.387 ±0.040,0.527 ±0.034) (P <0.05).The absorbance of experimental group at lst,3rd,5th,7th d(0.146 ± 0.014,0.199 ±0.017,0.390 ±0.020,0.492 ±0.019) was significantly higher than that of control group(0.115 ± 0.014,0.145 ± 0.015,0.190 ± 0.015,0.230 ± 0.026) (P < 0.05).The integrated absorbance of the calcium nodus in experimental group at 14th,21st d (22.119 ± 3.694,31.528 ± 3.162) was significantly higher than in control group(8.498 ±2.041,15.162 ±2.526) (P <0.05).The Cbfα1 and OCN gene expression in experimental group was higher than in control group (P < 0.05).Conclusions PRFe could enhance the proliferation and differentiation of osteoblasts and promote the spread of F-actin cytoskeleton.%目的 探讨富血小板纤维蛋白提取液(platelet-rich fibrin extract,PRFe)对成骨细胞增殖、分化及细胞骨架的影响,以期为富血小板纤维蛋白在临床的应用提供理论基础.方法

  1. Platelet rich plasma in dermatology and aesthetic medicine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neerja Puri

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Platelet rich plasma is a promising therapy in dermatology and aesthetic medicine. In this article we will discuss the pros and cons of platelet rich plasma (PRP and the usage of PRP in aesthetics. PRP is especially used for conditions like facial and neck rejuvenation, fine lines and wrinkles, abdominal striae and facial scarring.

  2. Platelet rich plasma in dermatology and aesthetic medicine

    OpenAIRE

    Neerja Puri

    2015-01-01

    Platelet rich plasma is a promising therapy in dermatology and aesthetic medicine. In this article we will discuss the pros and cons of platelet rich plasma (PRP) and the usage of PRP in aesthetics. PRP is especially used for conditions like facial and neck rejuvenation, fine lines and wrinkles, abdominal striae and facial scarring.

  3. Stabilization of porous chitosan improves the performance of its association with platelet-rich plasma as a composite scaffold.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shimojo, A A M; Perez, A G M; Galdames, S E M; Brissac, I C S; Santana, M H A

    2016-03-01

    This study offers innovative perspectives for optimizing of scaffolds based on correlation structure-function aimed the regenerative medicine. Thus, we evaluated in vitro performance of stabilized porous chitosan (SPCHTs) associated with activated platelet-rich plasma (aP-PRP) as a composite scaffold for the proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (h-AdMSCs). The porous structure of chitosan (PCHT) was prepared similarly to solid sponges by controlled freezing (-20 °C) and lyophilization of a 3% (w/v) chitosan solution. Stabilization was performed by treating the PCHT with sodium hydroxide (TNaOH), an ethanol series (TEtOH) or by crosslinking with tripolyphosphate (CTPP). The aP-PRP was obtained from the controlled centrifugation of whole blood and activated with autologous serum and calcium. Imaging of the structures showed fibrin networks inside and on the surface of SPCHTs as a consequence of electrostatic interactions. SPCHTs were non-cytotoxic, and the porosity, pore size and Young's modulus were approximately 96%, 145 μm and 1.5 MPa for TNaOH and TEtOH and 94%, 110 μm and 1.8 MPa for CTPP, respectively. Stabilization maintained the integrity of the SPCHTs for at least 10 days of cultivation. SPCHTs showed controlled release of the growth factors TGF-β1 and PDGF-AB. Although generating different patterns, all of the stabilization treatments improved the proliferation of seeded h-AdMSCs on the composite scaffold compared to aP-PRP alone, and differentiation of the composite scaffold treated with TEtOH was significantly higher than for non-stabilized PCHT. We conclude that the composite scaffolds improved the in vitro performance of PRP and have potential in regenerative medicine.

  4. Plasma rico en plaquetas Platelet -rich plasma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. González Lagunas

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available El Plasma Rico en Plaquetas es una suspensión concentrada de la sangre centrifugada que contiene elevadas concentraciones de trombocitos. Durante los últimos años, este producto ha aparecido de forma repetida en publicaciones científicas y en medios de comunicación generales como un producto que por sus características induce la curación y regeneración de los tejidos. La premisa de su uso es que las elevadas concentraciones de plaquetas en el PRP, liberan cantidades significativas de factores de crecimiento. En este artículo se van a recoger las evidencias científicas que se han presentado en la literatura médica con respecto al PRP y a la curación ósea, así como las diferentes aplicaciones clínicas que se han sugerido.Platelet-rich plasma is a by-product of centrifuged whole blood that contains high levels of thrombocytes. In the last decade, scientific and media interest has been generated by this product that apparently has the capacity of inducing and promoting tissue healing and regeneration. The premise of its use is that the large number of platelets in PRP release significant amounts of growth factors. In this paper, a critical review of the medical literature regarding PRP and bone healing will be presented. Also, the suggested clinical applications of the product will be addressed.

  5. Molecular, cellular and pharmaceutical aspects of autologous grafts for peri-implant hard and soft tissue defects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Jiayu; Hao, Yongming; Zhao, Wei; Lv, Chengqi; Zou, Derong

    2016-12-01

    The lack of supporting hard and soft tissues always prevents the rehabilitation with dental implants. Among various hard and soft tissue augmentation procedures, autologous grafts have been considered to be the gold standard. Autologous mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) from bone marrow, dental tissue and adipose tissue have been described as promising alternatives for bone regeneration in the field of dental implantation. Mucosal cells, gingival fibroblasts and dental progenitor cells (DPS) can enhance peri-implant soft tissue augmentation and regenerate periodontal tissues around dental implants. Obtained from patients, platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) are enriched in autologous platelets, which contain a great deal of growth factors and cytokines that are conducive to the regeneration of both hand and soft tissues around dental implants. Pharmaceutical treatments for osteoporosis and diabetes should be locally applied with implant procedures to restrict the resorption of autologous bone grafts and reduction of bone volume. Although autografts hold great potentials for dental implants, new approaches should also be explored with minimally invasion donor sites methods such as tissue engineering combined with autologous three factors and bio-3D printing involving self-assembling cell aggregates.

  6. 自体富血小板凝胶治疗糖尿病慢性难愈合皮肤溃疡的住院时间和住院费用分析%Impact of Topical Application of Autologous Platelet-rich Gel on Medical Expenditure and Length of Stay in Hospitals in Diabetic Patients with Refractory Cutaneous Ulcers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李兰; 王椿; 王艳; 何利平; 杨阎峙; 陈利鸿; 陈大伟; 李秀钧; 冉兴无

    2012-01-01

    目的 明确自体富血小板凝胶在治疗糖尿病慢性难愈合皮肤溃疡时可能存在的经济优势.方法 本研究为单中心、前瞻性、随机对照、平行开放实验.纳入2007年4月至2010年4月期间,于四川大学华西医院糖尿病足诊治中心住院治疗的患者中筛选的117例糖尿病慢性难愈合皮肤溃疡患者,并随机分配至自体富血小板凝胶(auotologous platelet-rich gel,APG)联合标准治疗组或单用标准治疗组.比较两组间的疗效结局、愈合时间以及住院费用和住院时间.结果 APG治疗组溃疡愈合率为84.75% (50/59),总有效率为98.31%;标准治疗组溃疡愈合率为68.97% (40/58),总有效率为75.86%,两组比较差异有统计学意义(P=0.026).APG治疗组中位愈合时间为36(18~60)d;标准治疗组为45(30~60)d,两组比较差异有统计学意义(P=0.012).总住院费用和住院时间在APG治疗组[38223 (23070~57398)元;57 (41-94)d]与标准治疗组[35070 (24 436~53649)元;58(31.75~58.50)d]间的差异无统计学意义(P分别为0.455和0.301).包括药物费、治疗费、材料费、放射治疗费、外科手术费、检查费、住宿费、膳食费、护理费以及创面局部清创换药的费用等的各种单项费用的比较也未发现差异有统计学意义(P>0.05).结论 自体富血小板凝胶能提高糖尿病慢性难愈合皮肤溃疡的愈合率,减少溃疡愈合时间,且不增加患者的住院费用和时间,是一种性价比较好的局部治疗技术.%Objective To evaluate the potential financial benefit of topical application of autologous platelet-rich gel (APG) in treating diabetic refractory cutaneous ulcers. Methods A single-center prospective randomized controlled trial was undertaken, with 117 patients with proven diabetic refractory cutaneous ulcers participating in the study. The patients who gave informed consents were randomly assigned into standard care group (n = 58) or standard care plus

  7. A General Aspect of Platelet Rich Plasma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Onur ORAL

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this scientific paper is to introduce Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP cure method by people who never heard about it. People can hurt their selves, thus they can have damaged tissue; for instance broken bone, a scar or a wounded area. Furthe rmore damaged tissue can be a cartilage tissue, which takes very long time to heal. Platelets, those exist in the veins as thrombus, come up to repair those damaged tissues. However, platelets would be insufficient to cure damaged area in a short time. At this point PRP cure method give a hand to the healing process. By centrifuging people’s own blood via special kits, platelets can be separated from blood cells as plasma. That plasma’s platelet density is 3 - 5 times greater than that blood’s platelet densit y. Afterwards PRP method is implemented by injection of plasma to the damaged area or tissue. After implementation of 2 - 4 sessions per week, damaged tissue can be regenerated. It is fast healing method because densified platelet plasma is used; and it is s afe because that plasma is obtained from people’s own blood. PRP can be implemented on many areas; for instance on dentistry, sports medicine, different kind of surgeries such as plastic, vascular or orthopedic and so on. When soccer players brake their le gs, their sports life come to the end, but what if their broken legs was healed better and faster than general healing process? To sum up, PRP is very safe and the future of healing process.

  8. 富血小板纤维蛋白治疗下肢术后切口感染1例报告%Use of platelet rich fibrin to treat postoperative incision infection of lower limbs:a case report

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董希杰; 赵鸿; 白祥军

    2016-01-01

    血小板浓缩制品正越来越多的用于促进软组织修复,但应用富血小板纤维蛋白(platelet rich fibrin,PRF)治疗感染伤口的相关报道目前十分罕见,笔者对1例下肢骨折内固定术后切口感染经久不愈患者应用富血小板纤维蛋白( PRF)治疗,疗效显著,现报道如下。

  9. PLATELET RICH PLASMA (PRP) APPLICATION IN TOTAL KNEE ARTHROPLASTY (TKA)

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    PURPOSE: To find out the PRP application effects in TKA on pain syndrome, wound healing, postoperative blood loss, range of motion and the knee circumference (centimetry). MATERIAL AND METHOD: The preparation of the platelet-rich plasma is based on our treatment algorithm. 20 patients have been subject to TKA within the period from October 2012 to November 2014 and underwent TKA, as platelet rich plasma was used intraoperatively. The average patient age is 72,3; 9 male and 11 female patien...

  10. INTRALESIONAL PLATELET RICH PLASMA vs INTRALESIONAL TRIAMCINOLONE IN THE TREATMENT OF ALOPECIA AREATA: A COMPARATIVE STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shumez H, Prasad PVS, Kaviarasan PK, Deepika R

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Alopecia areata (AA is a chronic non-scarring alopecia that involves the scalp and/or body, and is characterized by patchy areas of hair loss without any signs of clinical inflammation. Various therapies have been proposed for their treatment.But none have been shown to alter the course of the disease. Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP is a volume of autologous plasma that has a high platelet concentration. Growth factors released from platelets may act on stem cells in the bulge area of the follicles, stimulating the development of new follicles and promoting neovascularization. Aim: To evaluate and compare the efficacy of intralesional injection of autologous platelet rich plasma with intralesional injection of triamcinolone acetonide (10mg/ml in the treatment of alopecia areata. Methodology: 74 patients with alopecia areata were allocated into 2 groups and treated with triamcinolone and PRP injections. Treatment outcome was measured by taking into account extent and density of regrowth of hair and was expressed as a percentage of overall growth. Results: Forty eight patients were treated with triamcinolone injections and 26 patients were treated with PRP injections. Patients treated with PRP had an earlier response at the end of 6weeks than patients treated with triamcinolone. However, this difference was statistically insignificant. The overall improvement at the end of 9 weeks was 100% for all patients in both groups. Conclusion: PRP is a safe, simple, biocompatible and effective procedure for the treatment of alopecia areata with efficacy comparable with triamcinolone.

  11. Stabilization of porous chitosan improves the performance of its association with platelet-rich plasma as a composite scaffold

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shimojo, A.A.M., E-mail: lshimojo51@gmail.com; Perez, A.G.M.; Galdames, S.E.M.; Brissac, I.C.S.; Santana, M.H.A.

    2016-03-01

    This study offers innovative perspectives for optimizing of scaffolds based on correlation structure–function aimed the regenerative medicine. Thus, we evaluated in vitro performance of stabilized porous chitosan (SPCHTs) associated with activated platelet-rich plasma (aP-PRP) as a composite scaffold for the proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (h-AdMSCs). The porous structure of chitosan (PCHT) was prepared similarly to solid sponges by controlled freezing (− 20 °C) and lyophilization of a 3% (w/v) chitosan solution. Stabilization was performed by treating the PCHT with sodium hydroxide (TNaOH), an ethanol series (TEtOH) or by crosslinking with tripolyphosphate (CTPP). The aP-PRP was obtained from the controlled centrifugation of whole blood and activated with autologous serum and calcium. Imaging of the structures showed fibrin networks inside and on the surface of SPCHTs as a consequence of electrostatic interactions. SPCHTs were non-cytotoxic, and the porosity, pore size and Young's modulus were approximately 96%, 145 μm and 1.5 MPa for TNaOH and TEtOH and 94%, 110 μm and 1.8 MPa for CTPP, respectively. Stabilization maintained the integrity of the SPCHTs for at least 10 days of cultivation. SPCHTs showed controlled release of the growth factors TGF-β1 and PDGF-AB. Although generating different patterns, all of the stabilization treatments improved the proliferation of seeded h-AdMSCs on the composite scaffold compared to aP-PRP alone, and differentiation of the composite scaffold treated with TEtOH was significantly higher than for non-stabilized PCHT. We conclude that the composite scaffolds improved the in vitro performance of PRP and have potential in regenerative medicine. - Highlights: • Stabilization maintains the integrity of the chitosan scaffolds for at least 10 days. • Fibrin networks on the chitosan scaffolds were referred to electrostatic interactions. • Stabilized chitosan

  12. Analysis of Platelet-Rich Plasma Extraction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fitzpatrick, Jane; Bulsara, Max K.; McCrory, Paul Robert; Richardson, Martin D.; Zheng, Ming Hao

    2017-01-01

    Background: Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has been extensively used as a treatment in tissue healing in tendinopathy, muscle injury, and osteoarthritis. However, there is variation in methods of extraction, and this produces different types of PRP. Purpose: To determine the composition of PRP obtained from 4 commercial separation kits, which would allow assessment of current classification systems used in cross-study comparisons. Study Design: Controlled laboratory study. Methods: Three normal adults each donated 181 mL of whole blood, some of which served as a control and the remainder of which was processed through 4 PRP separation kits: GPS III (Biomet Biologics), Smart-Prep2 (Harvest Terumo), Magellan (Arteriocyte Medical Systems), and ACP (Device Technologies). The resultant PRP was tested for platelet count, red blood cell count, and white blood cell count, including differential in a commercial pathology laboratory. Glucose and pH measurements were obtained from a blood gas autoanalyzer machine. Results: Three kits taking samples from the “buffy coat layer” were found to have greater concentrations of platelets (3-6 times baseline), while 1 kit taking samples from plasma was found to have platelet concentrations of only 1.5 times baseline. The same 3 kits produced an increased concentration of white blood cells (3-6 times baseline); these consisted of neutrophils, leukocytes, and monocytes. This represents high concentrations of platelets and white blood cells. A small drop in pH was thought to relate to the citrate used in the sample preparation. Interestingly, an unexpected increase in glucose concentrations, with 3 to 6 times greater than baseline levels, was found in all samples. Conclusion: This study reveals the variation of blood components, including platelets, red blood cells, leukocytes, pH, and glucose in PRP extractions. The high concentrations of cells are important, as the white blood cell count in PRP samples has frequently been ignored

  13. Is Platelet-rich plasma superior to whole blood in the management of chronic tennis elbow: one year randomized clinical trial

    OpenAIRE

    Raeissadat, Seyed Ahmad; Rayegani, Seyed Mansoor; Hassanabadi, Hossein; Rahimi, Rosa; Sedighipour, Leyla; Rostami, Khalil

    2014-01-01

    Background Lateral humeral epicondylitis, or ‘tennis elbow’, is a common condition with a variety of treatment options. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and Autologous Whole Blood (AWB) represent new therapeutic options for chronic tendinopathies including tennis elbow. The aim of the present study was to compare the long term effects of PRP versus autologous whole blood local injection in patients with chronic tennis elbow. Methods Seventy six patients with chronic lateral humeral epicondylitis wi...

  14. 自体富血小板血浆凝胶在关节镜下肩袖修补术中的应用%Clinical study of autologous platelet rich plasma gel in arthroscopic rotator cuff repair:a randomized, controlled trial

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董佩龙; 唐晓波; 王健; 朱振安

    2015-01-01

    促进肩袖修复,提高肩关节功能,近期疗效满意。%Objective To investigate the effect of autologous platelet rich plasma (PRP) gel in arthroscopic rotator cuff re⁃pair. Methods All of 44 patients with rotator cuff tear undergent arthroscopic rotator cuff repair were randomly divided into two groups:PRP group (22 patients were received autologous PRP and hemocoagulase) and normal saline (NS) group (22 patients were received NS and hemocoagulase). All patients had the same accelerated rehabilitation protocol and were followed up in 1, 3, 12 months. Evaluation consisted of inflammatory reaction, wound healed, visual analogue scores (VAS), University of California at An⁃geles (UCLA) Shoulder Scores and American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) Scores. Results After operation, no inflam⁃matory reaction was in 20 cases of PRP group and 19 cases of NS group, mid inflammatory reaction 1 case in PRP group and 2 cas⁃es in NS group, moderate inflammatory reaction 1 case in PRP group and 1 case in NS group. Wound healed by first intention in all of PRP group and 21 patients of NS group. In PRP group, the preoperative, 3 months and 12 months postoperative VAS were 6.6±2.0, 3.4±1.8, 1.8±1.3, UCLA were 15.2±2.9, 24.3±2.7, 32.4±2.1, ASES were 35.6±12.4, 63.4±10.4, 92.3±7.5. In NS group, the preoperative, 3 months and 12 months postoperative VAS were 6.7 ± 1.9, 4.6 ± 1.9, 2.0 ± 1.2, UCLA were 14.8 ± 3.0, 21.2 ± 2.5, 31.7 ± 2.3, ASES were 32.7 ± 13.8, 55.8 ± 11.8, 90.7 ± 8.1. Three months postoperative VAS, UCLA, ASES were statistically signifi⁃cant differenece in PRP group and NS group. Twelve months postoperative VAS, UCLA, ASES were not statistically significant dif⁃ferenece in the two groups. Conclusion Using autologous PRP gel in arthroscopic rotator cuff repair can speed up the healing of operation incision with no adverse effect, reduce pain in the postoperation three months, accelerate the rotator cuff repair and re⁃covery of

  15. Treatment of Hypertrophic Scar in Human with Autologous Transplantation of Cultured Keratinocytes and Fibroblasts along with Fibrin Glue

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ehsan Taghiabadi

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Hypertrophic scar involves excessive amounts of collagen in dermal layer and may be painful. Nowadays, we can’t be sure about effectiveness of procedure for hypertrophic scar management. The application of stem cells with natural scaffold has been the best option for treatment of burn wounds and skin defect, in recent decades. Fibrin glue (FG was among the first of the natural biomaterials applied to enhance skin deformity in burn patients. This study aimed to identify an efficient, minimally invasive and economical transplantation procedure using novel FG from human cord blood for treatment of hypertrophic scar and regulation collagen synthesis. Materials and Methods: In this case series study, eight patients were selected with hypertrophic scar due to full-thickness burns. Human keratinocytes and fibroblasts derived from adult skin donors were isolated and cultured. They were tested for the expression of cytokeratin 14 and vimentin using immunocytochemistry. FG was prepared from pooled cord blood. Hypertrophic scars were extensively excised then grafted by simply placing the sheet of FG containing autologous fibroblast and keratinocytes. Histological analyses were performed using Hematoxylin and eosin (H&E and Masson’s Trichrome (MT staining of the biopsies after 8 weeks. Results: Cultured keratinocytes showed a high level of cytokeratin 14 expression and also fibroblasts showed a high level of vimentin. Histological analyses of skin biopsies after 8 weeks of transplantation revealed re-epithelialization with reduction of hypertrophic scars in 2 patients. Conclusion: These results suggest may be the use of FG from cord blood, which is not more efficient than previous biological transporters and increasing hypertrophic scar relapse, but could lead to decrease pain rate.

  16. 自体富血小板血浆联合低分子肝素对吸入性损伤大鼠治疗效果的研究%Experimental study on the therapeutic effects of autologous platelet rich plasma combined with low molecular weight heparin on inhalation pulmonary injury in rats

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗志军; 陈杏绮; 王和庚; 田举

    2016-01-01

    目的:探讨自体富血小板血浆( PRP )联合低分子肝素( LMWH )治疗吸入性损伤大鼠的治疗效果。方法选取SPF级健康雄性Wistar大鼠48只,随机分为正常组、模型组、单用组、联合组,每组12只,模型组、单用组和联合组均建立烟雾吸入性损伤大鼠模型,模型组、正常组气管内滴入0乔.9%氯化钠溶液,单用组致伤后气管内滴注PRP液、联合组致伤后气管内滴注PRP和LMWH混合液。结果模型组、单用组、联合组的肺组织含水量显著的高于正常组( P <0.05),联合组的肺组织含水量显著的低于模型组和单用组( P <0.05);模型组、单用组、联合组的血清TNF-α、IL-6、IL-1β、PDGF显著高于正常组( P <0.05),联合组的血清TNF-α、IL-6、IL-1β、PDGF显著的低于模型组和单用组( P <0.05);模型组、单用组、联合组的肺组织Brdu免疫组化阳性标记指数显著的高于正常组( P <0.05),联合组的肺组织Brdu免疫组化阳性标记指数显著的高于模型组和单用组( P <0.05)。结论 PRP联合LMWH治疗吸入性损伤大鼠能够显著的减轻肺水肿及炎性反应。%Objective To investigate the therapeutic effects of autologous platelet rich plasma ( PRP) combined with low molecular weight heparin ( LMWH) on inhalation pulmonary injury in rats.Methods Forty-eight healthy rats ( SPF grade) were randomly divided into control group, model group, with 12 rats in each group.The animal models with smoke inhalation pulmonary injury were established in rats of model group, singleu-se group and combination group,and the rats in model group and control group were given 0.9% sodium chloride solution by intratracheal instillation , however,after smoke inhalation pulmonary injury the rats in single-use group were given PRP liquor by intratracheal instillation , but the rats in combinationgroup were given mixed liquor of PRP with

  17. Influence of storage conditions on the release of growth factors in platelet-rich blood derivatives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Düregger Katharina

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Thrombocytes can be concentrated in blood derivatives and used as autologous transplants e.g. for wound treatment due to the release of growth factors such as platelet derived growth factor (PDGF. Conditions for processing and storage of these platelet-rich blood derivatives influence the release of PDGF from the platelet-bound α-granules into the plasma. In this study Platelet rich plasma (PRP and Platelet concentrate (PC were produced with a fully automated centrifugation system. Storage of PRP and PC for 1 h up to 4 months at temperatures between −20°C and +37°C was applied with the aim of evaluating the influence on the amount of released PDGF. Storage at −20°C resulted in the highest release of PDGF in PRP and a time dependency was determined: prolonged storage up to 1 month in PRP and 10 days in PC increased the release of PDGF. Regardless of the storage conditions, the release of PDGF per platelet was higher in PC than in PRP.

  18. Infiltrative treatment with Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) in gonarthrosis

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    The aim of the study is to evaluate and to quantify the effects on the quality of life and the decrease of pain in short and middle term in patients affected of gonarthrosis and treated with a series of 3 injections of Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP).

  19. Platelet-Rich Plasma for Frozen Shoulder: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamidreza Aslani

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Frozen shoulder is a glenohumeral joint disorder that perturbs movement because of adhesion and the existence of fibrosis in the shoulder capsule. Platelet-rich plasma can produce collagen and growth factors, which increases stem cells and consequently enhances the healing. To date, there is no evidence regarding the effectiveness of platelet-rich plasma in frozen shoulder. A 45-year-old man with shoulder adhesive capsulitis volunteered for this treatment. He underwent two consecutive platelet-rich plasma injections at the seventh and eighth month after initiation of symptoms. We measured pain, function, and ROM by the visual analogue scale (VAS, and scores from the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH questionnaire and goniometer; respectively. After the first injection, the patient reported 60% improvement regarding diurnal shoulder pain, and no night pains. Also, two-fold improvement for ROM and more than 70% improvement for function were reported. This study suggests the use of platelet-rich plasma in frozen shoulder to be tested in randomized trials.

  20. Platelet-rich plasma regenerative medicine sports medicine, orthopedic, and recovery of musculoskeletal injuries

    CERN Document Server

    Santana, Maria; Belangero, William; Luzo, Angela

    2014-01-01

    Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) has gained tremendous popularity in recent years as a treatment option for specialties including Orthopedics, Dentistry, Sports Medicine, Otorhinolaryngology, Neurosurgery, Ophthalmology, Urology, Vascular, Cardiothoracic and Maxillofacial Surgery, and Veterinarian Medicine. Nowadays, PRP and Stem Cell Science have added an exciting dimension to tissue repair. This book begins by giving the reader a broad overview of current progress as well as a discussion of the technical aspects of preparation and therapeutic use of autologous PRP. It is followed by a review of platelet structure, function and major growth factors in PRP (PDGF and TGFβ).The third chapter outlines the basic principles of biochemical cellular metabolism that increases the efficacy of PRP. Analogous to the preparation of soil for a garden, restoring cellular health should be the first consideration in Regenerative Medicine. Standardization of PRP preparation to clinical use still remains a challenging prospect. In ...

  1. Role of platelet-rich plasma in ischemic heart disease: An update on the latest evidence

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Eleftherios; Spartalis; Periklis; Tomos; Demetrios; Moris; Antonios; Athanasiou; Charalampos; Markakis; Michael; D; Spartalis; Theodore; Troupis; Dimitrios; Dimitroulis; Despina; Perrea

    2015-01-01

    Myocardial infarction is the most common cause of congestive heart failure. Novel strategies such as directly reprogramming cardiac fibroblasts into cardiomyocytes are an exciting area of investigation for repair of injured myocardial tissue. The ultimate goal is to rebuild functional myocardium by transplanting exogenous stem cells or by activating native stem cells to induce endogenous repair. Cell-based myocardial restoration, however, has not penetrated broad clinical practice yet. Plateletrich plasma, an autologous fractionation of whole blood containing high concentrations of growth factors, has been shown to safely and effectively enhance healing and angiogenesis primarily by reparative cell signaling. In this review, we collected all recent advances in novel therapies as well as experimental evidence demonstrating the role of platelet-rich plasma in ischemic heart disease, focusing on aspects that might be important for future successful clinical application.

  2. Applications of platelet-rich plasma in dermatology: A critical appraisal of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lynch, M D; Bashir, S

    2016-01-01

    Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is an autologous blood-derived product enriched in platelets, growth factors, chemokines and cytokines. Initial applications were predominantly in musculoskeletal and maxillofacial fields, however in recent years, it has been used for a range of dermatological indications including wound healing, fat grafting, alopecia, scar revision and dermal volume augmentation. Here, we critically appraise the literature relating to the usage of PRP within Dermatology. We have evaluated in vitro data, preclinical animal studies and human trials. We conclude that, whilst the literature may be consistent with a modest benefit for specific indications, there is not sufficient evidence supporting the efficacy of PRP to justify a role in routine dermatological practice at the present time. However, since PRP is generally well tolerated with few reported complications, further study may be justified in the context of organized trials.

  3. No effect of platelet-rich plasma with frozen or processed bone allograft around noncemented implants

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, T B; Rahbek, O; Overgaard, S

    2005-01-01

    We compared processed morselized bone allograft with fresh-frozen bone graft around noncemented titanium implants. Also, the influence of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in combination with bone allograft was evaluated. Analysis was based on implant fixation and histomorphometry. PRP was prepared...... by isolating the buffy coat from autologous blood samples. Bone allograft was used fresh-frozen or processed by defatting, freeze drying, and irradiation. Cylindrical hydroxyapatite-coated titanium implants were inserted bilaterally in the femoral condyles of eight dogs. Each implant was surrounded by a 2.5-mm...... concentric gap, which was filled randomly according to the four treatment groups--group 1: fresh-frozen bone allograft; group 2: processed bone allograft; group 3: fresh-frozen bone allograft + PRP; group 4: processed bone allograft + PRP. Histological and mechanical evaluation demonstrated no influence...

  4. Treatment of a non-healing diabetic foot ulcer with platelet-rich plasma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suresh, Deepak H; Suryanarayan, Shwetha; Sarvajnamurthy, Sacchidanand; Puvvadi, Srikanth

    2014-01-01

    Lower extremity ulcers and amputations are an increasing problem among individuals with diabetes. Among diabetes mellitus-related complications, foot ulceration is the most common, affecting approximately 15% of diabetic patients during their lifetime. The pathogenesis of diabetic ulcer is peripheral sensory neuropathy, calluses, oedema and peripheral vascular disease. Diabetic ulcer is managed by adequate control of infections and blood sugar levels, surgical debridement with various dressings and off loading of the foot from pressure. In spite of these standard measures, some recalcitrant non-healing ulcers need additional growth factors for healing. Autologous platelet-rich plasma is easy and cost-effective method in treating diabetic ulcers as it provides necessary growth factors which enhance healing.

  5. Treatment of a non-healing diabetic foot ulcer with platelet-rich plasma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deepak H Suresh

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Lower extremity ulcers and amputations are an increasing problem among individuals with diabetes. Among diabetes mellitus-related complications, foot ulceration is the most common, affecting approximately 15% of diabetic patients during their lifetime. The pathogenesis of diabetic ulcer is peripheral sensory neuropathy, calluses, oedema and peripheral vascular disease. Diabetic ulcer is managed by adequate control of infections and blood sugar levels, surgical debridement with various dressings and off loading of the foot from pressure. In spite of these standard measures, some recalcitrant non-healing ulcers need additional growth factors for healing. Autologous platelet-rich plasma is easy and cost-effective method in treating diabetic ulcers as it provides necessary growth factors which enhance healing.

  6. Platelet Rich Plasma: What should the rheumatologist expect?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sílvia Fernandes

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available In the last few decades, thousands of patients have benefited from platelet rich plasma (PRP therapies, emerging as a safe alternative in many different medical fields. Current evidence suggests that PRP may be of benefit over standard treatment in osteoarthritis patients and, in the musculoskeletal soft tissue injuries potential healing effects are waiting to be confirmed with robust evidence. Finally, in systemic rheumatic diseases PRP seems to have a role to play in the treatment of extra-articular symptoms.

  7. [Platelet-rich plasma in knee osteoarthritis treatment].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simental-Mendía, Mario Alberto; Vílchez-Cavazos, José Félix; Martínez-Rodríguez, Herminia Guadalupe

    2015-01-01

    The biological changes that commonly cause degenerative articular cartilage injuries in the knee are primarily associated to misalignment of the joint and metabolic changes related to age, as occurs in osteoarthritis. Furthermore, the capacity for cartilage self-regeneration is quite limited due to the lack of vascularity of the tissue. To date there is no ideal treatment capable to stimulate cartilage regeneration; thus there is a need to seek alternative therapies for the treatment of such conditions. The number of publications demonstrating the therapeutic and regenerative benefits of using platelet-rich plasma as a treatment for knee osteoarthritis has been increasing in recent years. In spite of encouraging results, there are still only a few randomised control studies with strong clinical evidence, lacking clarity on points such as the optimum formulation or the mechanism of action of platelet-rich plasma. Up to this point and based on the results of clinical studies, not all patients can benefit from this therapy. It is important to consider aspects such as the age and grade of cartilage degeneration. The aim of the present paper is to review the recent scientific literature on the treatment of knee osteoarthritis with platelet-rich plasma, and the biological bases of this therapy, as well as presenting the current opinion on this subject.

  8. Comparative evaluation of leukocyte- and platelet-rich plasma and pure platelet-rich plasma for cartilage regeneration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Zhengliang; Yin, Wenjing; Zhang, Yuelei; Qi, Xin; Chen, Yixuan; Xie, Xuetao; Zhang, Changqing

    2017-01-01

    Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has gained growing popularity in the treatment of articular cartilage lesions in the last decade. However, the potential harmful effects of leukocytes in PRP on cartilage regeneration have seldom been studied in vitro, and not at all in vivo yet. The objective of the present study is to compare the effects of leukocyte- and platelet-rich plasma (L-PRP) and pure platelet-rich plasma (P-PRP) on cartilage repair and NF-κB pathway, in order to explore the mechanism underlying the function of leukocytes in PRP in cartilage regeneration. The constituent analysis showed that P-PRP had significantly lower concentrations of leukocytes and pro-inflammatory cytokines compared with L-PRP. In addition, cell proliferation and differentiation assays indicated P-PRP promoted growth and chondrogenesis of rabbit bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (rBMSC) significantly compared with L-PRP. Despite similarity in macroscopic appearance, the implantation of P-PRP combining rBMSC in vivo yielded better cartilage repair results than the L-PRP group based on histological examination. Importantly, the therapeutic effects of PRP on cartilage regeneration could be enhanced by removing leukocytes to avoid the activation of the NF-κB pathway. Thus, PRP without concentrated leukocytes may be more suitable for the treatment of articular cartilage lesions. PMID:28265109

  9. A standardized research protocol for platelet- rich plasma (PRP preparation in rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michel Reis Messora

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The urgent need for studies using standardized protocols to evaluate the real biological effects of PRP has been emphasized by several authors. Objective: The purpose of this study was to standardize a methodology for autologous Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP preparation in rats. Material and methods: Twenty-four, 5 to 6-month-old, male rats, weighing 450 to 500 g were used. After general anesthesia, 3.15 ml of blood was collected from each animal, via cannulation of the jugular vein. A standardized technique of double centrifugation was used to prepare PRP. PRP samples and peripheral blood platelets were then manually counted using a Neubauer chamber. Student’s t-test was used to compare the differences between the number of platelets in peripheral blood and PRP samples (p < 0.05. In addition, PRP and peripheral blood smears were stained to see platelets’ morphology. Results: All surgical procedures were well tolerated by the animals and they were healthy during the entire experimental period. PRP samples showed higher significantly platelet concentrations than peripheral blood samples (2,677,583 and 683,680 respectively. Conclusion: Within the limits of this study, it can be concluded that the method used produced autologous PRP with appropriated platelet quantity and quality, in rats.

  10. Platelet-rich plasma as treatment for persistent ocular epithelial defects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ronci, Corrado; Ferraro, Angelo Salvatore; Lanti, Alessandro; Missiroli, Filippo; Sinopoli, Silvia; Del Proposto, Gianpaolo; Cipriani, Chiara; De Felici, Cecilia; Ricci, Federico; Ciotti, Marco; Cudillo, Laura; Arcese, William; Adorno, Gaspare

    2015-06-01

    Platelet- rich plasma (PRP) exhibits regenerative proprieties in wound healing but the biochemical mechanisms are unclear. In this study, autologous PRP with a mean value of 338 × 10(3) platelets/µL was used to treat corneal lesions of different aetiology, while homologous PRP with 1 × 10(6) platelets/µL was used to treat cornel lesions induced by a graft versus host disease. The impact of platelet count on the levels of PDGF AA and BB, VEGF, and EGF in the two PRPs was evaluated after a cycle of freezing/thawing. Treated corneal lesions healed or improved. The levels of PDGF AA and BB, VEGF, and EGF in the autologous PRP raised from 296 ± 61; 201.8 ± 24; 53 ± 14 and 8.9 ± 2 to 1017 ± 253; 924.7 ± 222; 101 ± 46.5 and 174 ± 15.5 pg/mL, while in the homologous PRP were 3.4, 4.5, 3.2 and 2 folds higher, respectively. High level of platelet counts seems not required to treat corneal lesions.

  11. 富血小板纤维蛋白的研究进展%Recent advance in research of platelet-rich plasma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴勇中; 叶平

    2011-01-01

    @@ 口腔种植的骨增量技术扩大了种植适应证,但手术复杂、术后反应重,且骨移植材料和自体组织的整合仍然存在不少问题.由于血小板富有多种生长因子,血小板浓缩物被用于改善术后反应、促进骨和软组织愈合.研究较多的血小板浓缩物是富血小板血浆(platelet-rich plasma,PRP).近年来富血小板纤维蛋白(platelet-rich fibrin,PRF)的研究和应用成为热点.

  12. PLATELET RICH PLASMA (PRP APPLICATION IN TOTAL KNEE ARTHROPLASTY (TKA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pencho Kosev

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available PURPOSE: To find out the PRP application effects in TKA on pain syndrome, wound healing, postoperative blood loss, range of motion and the knee circumference (centimetry. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The preparation of the platelet-rich plasma is based on our treatment algorithm. 20 patients have been subject to TKA within the period from October 2012 to November 2014 and underwent TKA, as platelet rich plasma was used intraoperatively. The average patient age is 72,3; 9 male and 11 female patients. Control group consisted of 17 patients, who underwent surgery in the same period but no platelet rich plasma was used during surgery. Average patient age 73,1; 8 male and 9 female patients. RESULTS: The following results have been reported for the PRP group of patients: the average amount of blood in the aspiration drainage tube in 24 hours - 285 ml.; postoperative pain on the 1st postoperative day was - 7 p., on the 5th day - 5 p., on the 10th day - 2 p., average circumference (centimetry of the knee between the 1st and the 10th postoperative day decreased on average by 1,5-2 cm., range of motion – reported average degrees per patient on the 1st postoperative day in sagittal plane: 0-10-20 degrees; on the 10th postoperative day: 0-0-55 degrees, surgical wounds of all patients healed primarily without any complications. No PRP group: average amount of blood in the aspiration drainage in 24 hours – 300 pl., postoperative pain on the 1st, 5th , and 10th postoperative day - 8 p., on the 5th day - 6 p., on the 10th day - 3 p., average knee circumference (centimetry between 1 and 10 postoperative day has decreased by 1 cm on average, range of motion - reported average degrees per patient on the 1st postoperative day in sagittal plane 0-5-20 degrees, on the 10th: 0-0-50 degrees, surgical wounds healed primarily without any complications in 10 patients, but in 7 patients we observed superficial wound edge skin necrosis. CONCLUSION: Our results unequivocally

  13. Platelet-rich plasma in dermatology: Boon or a bane?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arshdeep

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available There has been a recent spurt in application of platelet-rich plasma (PRP in dermatology and aesthetic medicine. However, the details regarding use of PRP in various dermatological indications ranging from hair restoration to chronic ulcers are dispersed in literature, herein we have tried to focus all under one heading. Overall, PRP seems to be a promising therapeutic modality but the level of evidence as of now, from the available published data is low. This review will also stimulate readers to carry out well designed, larger population based trials, so as to validate its use in dermatology practice.

  14. Alternative method to treat oroantral communication and fistula with autogenous bone graft and platelet rich firbin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niedzielska, Iwona; Borgiel-Marek, Halina; Różanowski, Bartosz

    2016-01-01

    Background Removing a tooth from the jaw results in the occurrence of oroantral communication in beneficial anatomic conditions or in the case of a iatrogenic effect. Popularized treatments of the oroantral communication have numerous faults. Large bone defect eliminates the chance to introduce an implant. Purpose of this work was assessment of the usefulness of autogenous bone graft and PRF in normal bone regeneration in the site of oroantral communication. Material and Methods Bone regeneration in the site of oroantral communication was assessed in 20 patients. Bone defects were supplemented autogenous bone graft from mental protuberance in 14 cases and from oblique line in 6 cases. The graft was covered with a PRF membrane. Results In the study group in all cases closure of the oroantral communication was observed. The average width of the alveolar was 13 mm and the average height was 12.5 mm. In 3 patients an average increase of alveolar height of 1.5 mm was observed. Conclusions This method may be the best option to prepare alveolar for new implant and prosthetic solutions. Key words:Oroantral communication, oroantral fistula, autogenous bone graft, bone regeneration, platelet rich fibrin. PMID:27475687

  15. TREATMENT OF ORAL MUCOSAL LESIONS BY SCALPEL EXCISION AND PLATELET-RICH FIBRINMEMBRANE GRAFTING: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivan Chenchev

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The treatment of oral mucosal lesions and mucosal hypertrophy in particular, is most often achieved by an excision with or without covering the surface of the wound. The platelet rich fibrin membrane (PRFm is an autogenous product containing platelets and leukocytes and their secreted growth factors and cytokines. The purpose of the presented clinical case is to describe a new, recent technique used for the covering of mucosal wounds left after the removal of pathological lesions. Material and Methods: On a single patient mucosal hypertrophy was removed by an excision with scalpel and the resulting surgical wound was covered with an autogenous PRF membrane. Postoperatively the healing process was followed on the 7th, 14th and 30th day. Results: The healing period went smoothly with minimal postoperative discomfort and no complications. Conclusion: The results of the presented clinical case demonstrate that the PRF membrane can successfully be used to cover postoperative mucosal defects.

  16. 自体来源富血小板血浆对大鼠牙髓细胞增殖作用的研究%Study on the effect of autologous platelet rich plasma (PRP) on proliferation for rat dental pulp cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈素雅; 蔡华雄

    2011-01-01

    目的:初步探讨富血小板血浆及之中生长因子对大鼠牙髓细胞增殖的作用.方法:采用Landesberg 法制备PRP,ELISA测定PRP中两种主要生长因子:转化生长因子(TGF - β1)和血小板源性生长因子(PDGF -AB)的浓度;CCK-8法观察5%、10%PRP在48h时对牙髓细胞的增殖作用;在5%PRP中加入TGF-β1抗体和PDGF-AB抗体分别拮抗TGF-β1和PDGF-AB的作用并观察对细胞增殖的影响.结果:所制备的PRP中血小板含量为1790.58±388.08×109个/L,ELISA的方法测定PRP中TGF-β1及PDGF-AB的浓度分别为3.080 ng/ml和10.706 ng/ml.CCK-8法测定5%和10%PRP对牙髓细胞均有增殖作用(P<0.05,与对照组相比);屏蔽生长因子可以明显改变5%PRP对大鼠牙髓细胞的增殖作用(P<0.05);拮抗PDGF-AB组比拮抗TGF - β1组降低增殖作用明显(P<0.05).结论:本实验制备的PRP含有高浓度的TGF - β1及PDGF-AB,不同浓度的PRP均能有效促进牙髓细胞增殖;屏蔽PDGF-AB明显降低5%PRP对大鼠牙髓细胞的增殖作用.%Objective: To discuss the effects of platelet rich plasma (PRP) and its composition on rat dental pulp cells. Methods: PRP was prepared using Landesber. TGF-fll and PDGF-AB were evaluated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Rat dental pulp cells were exposed to two concentrations of PRP (5 %, 10 %) and PRP with anti-bodies against TGF-β1 and PDGF-AB, respectively. After 48 hours, cell proliferation was evaluated using CCK-8 assay. Results: The concentration of platelet in PRP was more than 1000 × 107L. The concentrations of TGF-β1 and PDGF-AB were 3.080 ng/ ml and10.706 ng/ ml. The effect of various concentrations of PRP on cell proliferation was significantly greater than those in negative control (P< 0. 05). Screen growth factor could significantly change the effect of PRP on proliferation of rat dental pulp cells (P< 0. 05). The effect of anti-body against PDGF was more powerful than anti-body against TGF-β1 (P< 0. 05

  17. Osteogenic potential of human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stromal cells cultured with umbilical cord blood-derived fibrin: a preliminary study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baba, Kyoko; Yamazaki, Yasuharu; Ishiguro, Masashi; Kumazawa, Kenichi; Aoyagi, Kazuya; Ikemoto, Shigehiro; Takeda, Akira; Uchinuma, Eiju

    2013-12-01

    This study examined the potential for osteogenesis via regenerative medicine using autologous tissues (umbilical cord (UC) and umbilical cord blood (UCB)) in nude mice. The study was designed to provide the three elements required for regenerative medicine (cell, scaffold, and growth factor) and autoserum for culture by means of autologous tissues. Mesenchymal stromal cells were obtained from UC (UC-MSCs). Fibrin, platelet-rich-plasma, and autoserum were obtained from UCB as scaffold, growth factor and serum for culture respectively. UC-MSCs were obtained from Wharton jelly and cultured with UCB-derived fibrin (UCB-fibrin) for 3-4 weeks to induce their differentiation into osteoblasts. They were implanted subcutaneously into the dorsum of male nude mice for 6 weeks prior to undergoing assessment. The assessments performed were haematoxylin and eosin, and alizarin red staining, immunohistochemical staining of human mitochondria, scanning electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry and real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction to assess the expressions of osteoblast markers. Consequently, the differentiation of UC-MSCs into osteoblasts and the production of hydroxyapatite were verified. This study suggested the possible formation of bone tissue using biomedical materials obtained from UC and UCB.

  18. Platelet-Rich Plasma Peptides: Key for Regeneration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dolores Javier Sánchez-González

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Platelet-derived Growth Factors (GFs are biologically active peptides that enhance tissue repair mechanisms such as angiogenesis, extracellular matrix remodeling, and cellular effects as stem cells recruitment, chemotaxis, cell proliferation, and differentiation. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP is used in a variety of clinical applications, based on the premise that higher GF content should promote better healing. Platelet derivatives represent a promising therapeutic modality, offering opportunities for treatment of wounds, ulcers, soft-tissue injuries, and various other applications in cell therapy. PRP can be combined with cell-based therapies such as adipose-derived stem cells, regenerative cell therapy, and transfer factors therapy. This paper describes the biological background of the platelet-derived substances and their potential use in regenerative medicine.

  19. Platelet-rich plasma: the PAW classification system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeLong, Jeffrey M; Russell, Ryan P; Mazzocca, Augustus D

    2012-07-01

    Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has been the subject of hundreds of publications in recent years. Reports of its effects in tissue, both positive and negative, have generated great interest in the orthopaedic community. Protocols for PRP preparation vary widely between authors and are often not well documented in the literature, making results difficult to compare or replicate. A classification system is needed to more accurately compare protocols and results and effectively group studies together for meta-analysis. Although some classification systems have been proposed, no single system takes into account the multitude of variables that determine the efficacy of PRP. In this article we propose a simple method for organizing and comparing results in the literature. The PAW classification system is based on 3 components: (1) the absolute number of Platelets, (2) the manner in which platelet Activation occurs, and (3) the presence or absence of White cells. By analyzing these 3 variables, we are able to accurately compare publications.

  20. The influence of environmental variables on platelet concentration in horse platelet-rich plasma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rinnovati, Riccardo; Romagnoli, Noemi; Gentilini, Fabio; Lambertini, Carlotta; Spadari, Alessandro

    2016-07-04

    Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) commonly refers to blood products which contain a higher platelet (PLT) concentration as compared to normal plasma. Autologous PRP has been shown to be safe and effective in promoting the natural processes of soft tissue healing or reconstruction in humans and horses. Variability in PLT concentration has been observed in practice between PRP preparations from different patients or from the same individual under different conditions. A change in PLT concentration could modify PRP efficacy in routine applications. The aim of this study was to test the influence of environmental, individual and agonistic variables on the PLT concentration of PRP in horses. Six healthy Standardbred mares were exposed to six different variables with a one-week washout period between variables, and PRP was subsequently obtained from each horse. The variables were time of withdrawal during the day (morning/evening), hydration status (overhydration/dehydration) treatment with anti-inflammatory drugs and training periods on a treadmill. The platelet concentration was significantly higher in horses treated with a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (P = 0.03). The leukocyte concentration increased 2-9 fold with respect to whole blood in the PRP which was obtained after exposure to all the variable considered. Environmental variation in platelet concentration should be taken into consideration during PRP preparation.

  1. Systematic review of the use of platelet-rich plasma in aesthetic dermatology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leo, Michael S; Kumar, Alur S; Kirit, Raj; Konathan, Rajyalaxmi; Sivamani, Raja K

    2015-12-01

    Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is a highly concentrated autologous solution of plasma prepared from a patient's own blood. PRP contains platelets that are purported to release numerous growth factors that may be valuable in numerous dermatologic applications. Here, we review systematically the clinical cosmetic applications of PRP including: androgenetic alopecia, scar revision, acne scars, skin rejuvenation, dermal augmentation, and striae distensae to understand the potential and best practices for PRP use. A systematic search was conducted on three databases: Pubmed, Embase, and Web of Science. Publications were included if they were in English, investigated the clinical applications of PRP in aesthetic dermatology and reported clinical results either as case reports or clinical studies. There were a total of 22 manuscripts that fulfilled these criteria. Four evaluated hair-related applications, eight evaluated the treatment of scars and postprocedure recovery, eight evaluated skin rejuvenation and dermal augmentation, and two evaluated treatment of striae distensae. PRP is a relatively new treatment modality with studies suggesting its utility in aesthetic dermatology. The combination of PRP with other therapies is particularly interesting. Future studies should include controls, including incorporation of split-face comparisons, to reduce intersubject variability.

  2. Augmenting tendon and ligament repair with platelet-rich plasma (PRP).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuan, Ting; Zhang, Chang-Qing; Wang, James H-C

    2013-08-11

    Tendon and ligament injuries (TLI) commonly occur in athletes and non-athletes alike, and remarkably debilitate patients' athletic and personal abilities. Current clinical treatments, such as reconstruction surgeries, do not adequately heal these injuries and often result in the formation of scar tissue that is prone to re-injury. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is a widely used alternative option that is also safe because of its autologous nature. PRP contains a number of growth factors that are responsible for its potential to heal TLIs effectively. In this review, we provide a comprehensive report on PRP. While basic science studies in general indicate the potential of PRP to treat TLIs effectively, a review of existing literature on the clinical use of PRP for the treatment of TLIs indicates a lack of consensus due to varied treatment outcomes. This suggests that current PRP treatment protocols for TLIs may not be optimal, and that not all TLIs may be effectively treated with PRP. Certainly, additional basic science studies are needed to develop optimal treatment protocols and determine those TLI conditions that can be treated effectively.

  3. Platelet rich plasma for treatment of nonhealing diabetic foot ulcers: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mehrannia, Masoud; Vaezi, Mitra; Yousefshahi, Fardin; Rouhipour, Nahid

    2014-02-01

    Diabetic foot ulcers are one of the most important causes of lower limb amputations worldwide. The conventional treatments of diabetic foot ulcers are costly and often require patients to be hospitalized for long periods of time, thus representing a huge burden on any health care system. The use of autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP), which is rich in multiple growth factors, may bear some similarities to the natural wound healing process. Nonetheless, few studies on human subjects have so far addressed the efficacy of PRP as a novel and minimally invasive treatment. Today, there is only 1 approved and available system to separate PRP from a patient's own blood in order to be used in diabetic ulcers. This system incorporates bovine thrombin for activation of PRP gel and may be applied by many healthcare providers without the need for extensive special training. In this report, a patient with extensive diabetic foot ulcers, non-responsive to other treatment modalities, was successfully treated by PRP.

  4. Platelet-rich fibrinversus collagen membrane in the repair of gingival defects%富血小板纤维蛋白与胶原膜修复牙龈缺损创面的能力

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董露; 肖琼; 杨琴秋; 孙勇; 陈红亮

    2016-01-01

    背景:前期实验中发现富血小板纤维蛋白具有良好的诱导牙龈软组织修复再生的能力。  目的:观察富血小板纤维蛋白膜与胶原膜对牙龈软组织愈合的影响,评价富血小板纤维蛋白膜诱导牙龈软组织缺损修复再生的能力。  方法:选因各种原因需要拔除前磨牙或磨牙同期进行位点保存的患者22例(前磨牙2颗,磨牙20颗),随机分为2组,22个软组织缺损区域,拔牙窝内植入Bio-Oss ,表面覆盖富血小板纤维蛋白膜或海奥胶原膜。通过追踪植入Bio-Oss后牙龈创面的愈合时间和植入Bio-Oss后1,2周的创面愈合率,评价富血小板纤维蛋白促进牙龈组织愈合的能力。  结果与结论:①富血小板纤维蛋白组愈合时间为(12.17±2.25) d,胶原膜组愈合时间为(17.30±2.58) d;植入Bio-Oss后1,2周富血小板纤维蛋白组愈合率明显高于胶原膜组。②结果说明,相同时间节点时富血小板纤维蛋白促进牙龈软组织的愈合能力明显优于胶原膜,达到相同愈合状态时富血小板纤维蛋白组所需时间明显短于胶原膜组。%BACKGROUND:Previous studies have found that platelet-rich fibrin has a good ability to induce gingival soft tissue repair and regeneration. OBJECTIVE:To observe the effects of platelet-rich fibrinversus colagen membrane on gingival soft tissue healing, and to evaluate the ability of platelet-rich fibrin to repair gingival defects. METHODS:Twenty-two patients (2 premolar teeth and 20 molars) scheduled for premolar or molar removal or ridge preservation due to various reasons were selected and randomized into two groups. Bio-Oss was implanted into the extraction socket folowed by covering with platelet-rich fibrin or colagen membrane. Healing time and healing rate of gingival defects were detected to evaluate the ability of platelet-rich fibrin to promote gingival tissue healing at 1-2 weeks after Bio-Oss implantation

  5. Effectiveness of Agents Like Platelet-rich Plasma, Oxidized Regenerated Cellulose and Microfibrillar Collagen in Hard-tissue Healing: Validation of t heir Comparative Effectiveness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khalid Al Fouzan

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP can be a valid agent that is effective in inducing and accelerating bone healing for the treatment of periodontal defects and also to accelerate alveolar bone regeneration. Early healing appeared to be impaired by the presence of microfibrillar collagen (MFC and impeded by the presence of oxidized regenerated cellulose (ORC. In contrast, alkylene oxide copolymer (AOC did not inhibit bone healing and suggest that AOC may be a better bone hemo - static material for procedures where bony fusion is critical and immediate hemostasis required

  6. Effect of Topical Platelet-Rich Plasma on Burn Healing After Partial-Thickness Burn Injury.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozcelik, Umit; Ekici, Yahya; Bircan, Huseyin Yuce; Aydogan, Cem; Turkoglu, Suna; Ozen, Ozlem; Moray, Gokhan; Haberal, Mehmet

    2016-06-05

    BACKGROUND To investigate the effects of platelet-rich plasma on tissue maturation and burn healing in an experimental partial-thickness burn injury model. MATERIAL AND METHODS Thirty Wistar albino rats were divided into 3 groups of 10 rats each. Group 1 (platelet-rich plasma group) was exposed to burn injury and topical platelet-rich plasma was applied. Group 2 (control group) was exposed to burn injury only. Group 3 (blood donor group) was used as blood donors for platelet-rich plasma. The rats were killed on the seventh day after burn injury. Tissue hydroxyproline levels were measured and histopathologic changes were examined. RESULTS Hydroxyproline levels were significantly higher in the platelet-rich plasma group than in the control group (P=.03). Histopathologically, there was significantly less inflammatory cell infiltration (P=.005) and there were no statistically significant differences between groups in fibroblast development, collagen production, vessel proliferations, or epithelization. CONCLUSIONS Platelet-rich plasma seems to partially improve burn healing in this experimental burn injury model. As an initial conclusion, it appears that platelet-rich plasma can be used in humans, although further studies should be performed with this type of treatment.

  7. Platelet Rich Plasma: Efficacy in Treating Trophic Ulcers in Leprosy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anandan, V.; Jameela, W. Afthab; Saraswathy, P.

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Trophic ulcers secondary to leprosy pose a great stigma to the patients and remain a challenge to the treating dermatologists. The discovery of Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) with its favourable role in wound healing is a boon for the patients. PRP introduces the growth factors directly into the wound and aids in rapid healing. Aim To study the efficacy and safety of PRP in the healing of trophic ulcers secondary to Hansen’s disease in a tertiary care centre in Southern India. Materials and Methods Based on inclusion and exclusion criteria, 50 patients were enrolled in the study. PRP was prepared by manual double spin method. After wound bed preparation, activated PRP was sprayed over the ulcer and occlusive dressings were applied. Same procedure was repeated every week until complete re-epithelisation or up to six sittings whichever occurred earlier. Results In our study, 46 patients (92%) showed complete healing. In 4 patients (8%), there was marked reduction in wound size with partial re-epithelization. In 88%, complete healing was seen after the fourth sitting. Mean time for ulcer healing was around 4.38 weeks. Conclusion PRP therapy leads to faster rate of induction of granulation tissue with rapid healing. Healing had no direct statistical correlation with the size, site and duration of ulcer, the leprosy spectrum and associated motor deformities. It is a simple, safe and cost effective in-office procedure, albeit requiring an optimal set-up and expertise. PMID:27891436

  8. Use of photoactivated disinfection and platelet-rich fibrin in regenerative Endodontics

    OpenAIRE

    Dexton Antony Johns; Vasundara Yayathi Shivashankar; Shoba Krishnamma; Manu Johns

    2014-01-01

    Aim: Photoactivated disinfection has been used as an adjunct to conventional endodontic treatment. Its use in regenerative endodontics is not reported in literature. The aim of this case report was to describe a new proposal for pulp revascularization with disinfection of pulp canal space using a unique combination of a photosensitizer solution and low-power laser light. Materials and Methods: A 9-year-old boy came with the chief complaint of discolored upper central incisors (#8, #9). A ...

  9. Effects of the breed, sex and age on cellular content and growth factor release from equine pure-platelet rich plasma and pure-platelet rich gel

    OpenAIRE

    Giraldo Carlos E; López Catalina; Álvarez María E; Samudio Ismael J; Prades Marta; Carmona Jorge U

    2013-01-01

    Abstract Background There is no information on the effects of the breed, gender and age on the cellular content and growth factor (GF) release from equine pure-platelet rich plasma (P-PRP) and pure-platelet rich gel (P-PRG). The objectives of this study were: 1) to compare the cellular composition of P-PRP with whole blood and platelet poor plasma (PPP); 2) to compare the concentration of transforming GF beta 1 (TGF-β1) and platelet derived GF isoform BB (PDGF-BB) between P-PRP treated with n...

  10. Rehabilitation in Patients with Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Using Auxiliary Platelet-Rich Plasma Therapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Albu Daniel – Emil

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: The main target after successful AnteriorCruciate Ligament (ACL reconstruction is early rehabilitation. New options such as PRP (platelet rich plasma may improve clinical outcomes.

  11. Minimally Invasive Treatment with Platelet Rich Plasma in Patients with Knee Osteoarthritis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Albu Daniel–Emil

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: The main target of the structural damage in osteoarthritisis the hyaline cartilage. New options such as PRP (platelet rich plasma may cause structural improvement of the cartilage.

  12. Platelet-rich plasma with sodium hyaluronate in repair of rabbit knee osteoarthritis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ji Heng-dong; Huo Xiao-yan; Zhang Hou-qing; Wang Yu-shan; Shi Xuan; Huo Lei

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that sodium hyaluronate inhibits cartilage damage in osteoarthritis and accelerates regeneration of cartilage cels, to stabilize and repair the articular cartilage. OBJECTIVE:To investigate the therapeutic effect of sodium-rich plasma combined with platelet-rich plasma (PRP) on rabbit knee osteoarthritis. METHODS:Forty New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into five groups, control group, combined group, sodium hyaluronate group, PRP group and model group, and then an osteoarthritis model of the right knee was made in each rabbit. After modeling, sodium hyaluronate+PRP, sodium hyaluronate, autologous PRP and normal saline were givenviathe knee joint cavity in the latter four groups, respectively, once a week for 5 weeks. The control group received no treatment, as normal controls. At 1 week after treatment, ELISA assay was used to detect serum interleukin-1, interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor-α levels, and changes of the articular cartilage were observed under a light microscope. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Compared with the control group, the levels of interleukin-1, interleukin-6 and tumor necrosis factor-α were al increased in the other four groups (P < 0.01). Compared with the model group, the levels of interleukin-1, interleukin-6 and tumor necrosis factor-α were lowered significantly in the combined, sodium hyaluronate and PRP groups (P< 0.01 orP< 0.05), and the most significant decline was in the combined group. Articular cartilage damage was severest in the model group and mildest in the combined group. Experimental findings indicate that intra-articular injection of sodium hyaluronate+PRP can reduce inflammation and protect the articular cartilage in knee osteoarthritis, which is better than a single drug injection.

  13. [Orthobiologic treatment with platelet-rich plasma: is there sufficient evidence for its recommendation?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vizcaíno, Gilberto

    2016-03-01

    In recent years there has been a boom in the use of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) as an orthobiology (therapy based on cell biological agents) material agent. The presence of growth factors and other bioactive agents stored in alpha platelet granules and whose properties are well determined in cell proliferation, angiogenesis and extracellular matrix formation have involved the PRP containing supraphysiological concentrations of autologous platelets in tissue regeneration processes. The relative ease of preparation of PRP, its generally ambulatory application, the almost complete absence of side effects and the possibility to observe satisfactory results of clinical improvement makes the PRP a promising treatment in regenerative processes. However, there is still a lack of knowledge of the mechanism of action of the PRP, creating skepticism regarding their use and potential efficacy. Caution should be taken until the clinical evidence is stablished. On this subject some questions that should be answered in future research are listed below: What is the optimal preparation of PRP? What is the most effective method for the activation of PRP? Which is better, the use of total PRP or only the platelet growth factors? And finally, what pathological conditions should be chosen for the routine application of PRP? The answers to these questions through well-designed studies and systematic reviews by experts, would lead to the routine use of PRP as the recommended treatment. As final conclusion, the AAOS (The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons) made a consideration that today is still valid: in a Forum in 2011 concluded that "the PRP is an option that has not yet been proven."

  14. Bioactivity of freeze-dried platelet-rich plasma in an adsorbed form on a biodegradable polymer material.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakajima, Yu; Kawase, Tomoyuki; Kobayashi, Mito; Okuda, Kazuhiro; Wolff, Larry F; Yoshie, Hiromasa

    2012-01-01

    Owing to the necessity for the immediate preparation from patients' blood, autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) limits its clinical applicability. To address this concern and respond to emergency care and other unpredictable uses, we have developed a freeze-dried PRP in an adsorbed form on a biodegradable polymer material (Polyglactin 910). On the polymer filaments of PRP mesh, which was prepared by coating the polymer mesh with human fresh PRP and subsequent freeze-drying, platelets were incorporated, and related growth factors were preserved at high levels. This new PRP mesh preparation significantly and reproducibly stimulated the proliferation of human periodontal ligament cells in vitro and neovascularization in a chorioallantoic membrane assay. A full-thickness skin defect model in a diabetic mouse demonstrated the PRP mesh, although prepared from human blood, substantially facilitated angiogenesis, granulation tissue formation, and re-epithelialization without inducing severe inflammation in vivo. These data demonstrate that our new PRP mesh preparation functions as a bioactive material to facilitate tissue repair/regeneration. Therefore, we suggest that this bioactive material, composed of allogeneic PRP, could be clinically used as a promising alternative in emergency care or at times when autologous PRP is not prepared immediately before application.

  15. Utilization of Platelet-Rich Plasma for Musculoskeletal Injuries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Joanne Y.; Fabricant, Peter D.; Ishmael, Chad R.; Wang, Jeffrey C.; Petrigliano, Frank A.; Jones, Kristofer J.

    2016-01-01

    Background: Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has emerged as a popular biologic treatment for musculoskeletal injuries and conditions. Despite numerous investigations on the efficacy of PRP therapy, current utilization of this treatment within the United States is not widely known. Purpose: To investigate the national utilization of PRP, including the incidence and conditions for which it is used in the clinical setting, and to determine the current charges associated with this treatment. Study Design: Descriptive epidemiology study. Methods: Using a national database (PearlDiver) of private insurance billing records, we conducted a comprehensive search using Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) codes to identify patients who received PRP injections over a 2-year period (2010-2011). Associated International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision (ICD-9) codes were identified to determine the specific conditions the injection was used to treat. The aggregate patient data were analyzed by yearly quarter, practice setting, geographic region, and demographics. PRP therapy charges were calculated and reported as per-patient average charges (PPACs). Results: A total of 2571 patients who received PRP injections were identified; 51% were male and 75% were older than 35 years. The overall incidence ranged from 5.9 to 7.9 per 1000 patients over the study period. PRP was most commonly administered in hospitals (39%) and ambulatory surgical centers (37%) compared with in private offices (26%). The most common conditions treated were knee meniscus/plica disorders, followed by unspecified shoulder conditions, rotator cuff injuries, epicondylitis, and plantar fasciitis. Further evaluation revealed that 25% of all patients received injections for cartilage-related conditions, 25% meniscus, 25% unspecified, 12% tendon, 8% glenoid labrum, and 5% ligament. The PPAC for PRP treatment was US$1755 per injection. Conclusion: Despite a lack of consensus regarding PRP indications and efficacy

  16. Autologous cartilage fragments in a composite scaffold for one stage osteochondral repair in a goat model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A Marmotti

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available We propose a culture-free approach to osteochondral repair with minced autologous cartilage fragments loaded onto a scaffold composed of a hyaluronic acid (HA-derived membrane, platelet-rich fibrin matrix (PRFM and fibrin glue. The aim of the study was to demonstrate in vitro the outgrowth of chondrocytes from cartilage fragments onto this scaffold and, in vivo, the formation of functional repair tissue in goat osteochondral defects. Two sections were considered: 1 in vitro: minced articular cartilage from goat stifle joints was loaded onto scaffolds, cultured for 1 or 2 months, and then evaluated histologically and immunohistochemically; 2 in vivo: 2 unilateral critically-sized trochlear osteochondral defects were created in 15 adult goats; defects were treated with cartilage fragments embedded in the scaffold (Group 1, with the scaffold alone (Group 2, or untreated (Group 3. Repair processes were evaluated morphologically, histologically, immunohistochemically and biomechanically at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months. We found that in vitro, chondrocytes from cartilage fragments migrated to the scaffold and, at 2 months, matrix positive for collagen type II was observed in the constructs. In vivo, morphological and histological assessment demonstrated that cartilage fragment-loaded scaffolds led to the formation of functional hyaline-like repair tissue. Repair in Group 1 was superior to that of control groups, both histologically and mechanically. Autologous cartilage fragments loaded onto an HA/PRFM/fibrin glue scaffold provided a viable cell source and allowed for an improvement of the repair process of osteochondral defects in a goat model, representing an effective alternative for one-stage repair of osteochondral lesions.

  17. Chronic Plantar Fasciitis: Effect of Platelet-Rich Plasma, Corticosteroid, and Placebo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahindra, Pankaj; Yamin, Mohammad; Selhi, Harpal S; Singla, Sonia; Soni, Ashwani

    2016-01-01

    Plantar fasciitis is a common cause of heel pain. It is a disabling disease in its chronic form. It is a degenerative tissue condition of the plantar fascia rather than an inflammation. Various treatment options are available, including nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, corticosteroid injections, orthosis, and physiotherapy. This study compared the effects of local platelet-rich plasma, corticosteroid, and placebo injections in the treatment of chronic plantar fasciitis. In this double-blind study, patients were divided randomly into 3 groups. Local injections of platelet-rich plasma, corticosteroid, or normal saline were given. Patients were assessed with the visual analog scale for pain and with the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) Ankle and Hindfoot score before injection, at 3 weeks, and at 3-month follow-up. Mean visual analog scale score in the platelet-rich plasma and corticosteroid groups decreased from 7.44 and 7.72 preinjection to 2.52 and 3.64 at final follow-up, respectively. Mean AOFAS score in the platelet-rich plasma and corticosteroid groups improved from 51.56 and 55.72 preinjection to 88.24 and 81.32 at final follow-up, respectively. There was a significant improvement in visual analog scale score and AOFAS score in the platelet-rich plasma and corticosteroid groups at 3 weeks and at 3-month follow-up. There was no significant improvement in visual analog scale score or AOFAS score in the placebo group at any stage of the study. The authors concluded that local injection of platelet-rich plasma or corticosteroid is an effective treatment option for chronic plantar fasciitis. Platelet-rich plasma injection is as effective as or more effective than corticosteroid injection in treating chronic plantar fasciitis.

  18. Single injection of platelet-rich plasma as a novel treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Alexander Malahias

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Both in vitro and in vivo experiments have confirmed that platelet-rich plasma has therapeutic effects on many neuropathies, but its effects on carpal tunnel syndrome remain poorly understood. We aimed to investigate whether single injection of platelet-rich plasma can improve the clinical symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome. Fourteen patients presenting with median nerve injury who had suffered from mild carpal tunnel syndrome for over 3 months were included in this study. Under ultrasound guidance, 1-2 mL of platelet-rich plasma was injected into the region around the median nerve at the proximal edge of the carpal tunnel. At 1 month after single injection of platelet-rich plasma, Visual Analogue Scale results showed that pain almost disappeared in eight patients and it was obviously alleviated in three patients. Simultaneously, the disabilities of the arm, shoulder and hand questionnaire showed that upper limb function was obviously improved. In addition, no ultrasonographic manifestation of the carpal tunnel syndrome was found in five patients during ultrasonographic measurement of the width of the median nerve. During 3-month follow-up, the pain was not greatly alleviated in three patients. These findings show very encouraging mid-term outcomes regarding use of platelet-rich plasma for the treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome.

  19. The Role of Intraarticular Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) Injection in Patients with Internal Knee Derangements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Razaq, Sarah; Ejaz, Amer; Rao, Sajid Ejaz; Yasmeen, Rehana; Arshad, M Aleem

    2015-09-01

    Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) is an emerging biotechnology which uses patient's own blood components to create healing effect to their own injured tissues. This study was carried out to evaluate the clinical effects, adverse reactions and patient satisfaction after intraarticular injection of platelet rich plasma in a small group of patients with internal derangements of knee at Combined Military Hospital, Panoaqil, Pakistan. In this single center, open study, 10 patients with internal derangements of knee fulfilling the inclusion criteria received two doses of 3 ml of platelet rich plasma as intraarticular knee injection at two weeks interval. All patients were evaluated at 0, 4 and 12 weeks after treatment using IKDC, TEGNER, KOOS and VAS. Adverse events and patient's satisfaction was recorded. There was significant improvement in all scores. Intraarticular PRP injection is safe and effective method in the conservative treatment of internal knee derangements.

  20. Effects of repetitive platelet-rich plasma application on human tenocyte proliferation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mazzocca, Augustus D; O'Malley, Michael; Beitzel, Knut; McCarthy, Mary Beth R; Chowaniec, David M; Cote, Mark P; Bradley, James P; Romeo, Anthony; Arciero, Robert A

    2015-01-01

    Current clinical application of platelet-rich plasma is showing a trend toward multiple treatments. The goal of this study was to show the benefit of interval platelet-rich plasma application in the healing and recovery of human tenocytes using an in vitro cell model. Eight volunteers (6 men and 2 women) were included in this study (mean±SD age, 31.6±10.9 years). Venous blood was collected from new blood draws at 3 different times. Two blood products were prepared on each day of treatment: platelet-rich plasma derived from a single-spin process (PRPSS) and platelet-rich plasma derived from a double-spin process (PRPDS). The study had 2 limbs: 2-day and 4-day intervals. Cell proliferation, measured as disintegrations per minute, was then examined via a radioactive thymidine assay. In the 2-day-interval group, the difference in disintegrations per minute between days 0 and 2 in the PRPSS group reached statistical significance (P =.006). In the PRPDS group, statistical difference was seen between days 0 and 4 (P=.001) and between days 2 and 4 (P=.030). In the 4-day-interval group, the difference in disintegrations per minute between days 4 and 8 in the PRPSS group reached statistical significance, showing a decrease in cell proliferation (P =.013). In the PRPDS group, a statistical difference was seen between days 0 and 8 (P=.021), also showing a decrease in cell proliferation. The greatest effect of platelet-rich plasma, which has a positive effect on tenocyte proliferation and recovery, is seen on initial application. Its effect is diminished with repetitive application, and this finding leads to questioning of the efficacy of interval platelet-rich plasma dosing.

  1. Effect of platelet-rich plasma in the treatment of periodontal intrabony defects in humans

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    OUYANG Xiang-ying; QIAO Jing

    2006-01-01

    Background Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is a kind of natural source of autologous growth factors, and has been used successfully in medical community. However, the effect of PRP in periodontal regeneration is not clear yet.This study was designed to evaluate the effectiveness of PRP as an adjunct to bovine porous bone mineral (BPBM) graft in the treatment of human intrabony defects.Methods Seventeen intrabony defects in 10 periodontitis patients were randomly treated either with PRP and BPBM (test group, n=9) or with BPBM alone (control group, n=8). Clinical parameters were evaluated including changes in probing depth, relative attachment level (measured by Florida Probe and a stent), and bone probing level between baseline and 1 year postoperatively. Standardized periapical radiographs of each defect were taken at baseline, 2 weeks, and 1 year postoperatively, and analyzed by digital subtraction radiography (DSR).Results Both treatment modalities resulted in significant attachment gain, reduction of probing depth, and bone probing level at 1-year post-surgery compared to baseline. The test group exhibited statistically significant improvement compared to the control sites in probing depth reduction: (4.78 ± 0.95) mm versus (3.48±0.41) mm (P<0.01); clinical attachment gain: (4.52± 1.14) mm versus (2.85 ±0.80) mm (P<0.01);bone probing reduction:(4.56±1.04) mm versus (2.88±0.79) mm (P<0.01); and defect bone fill: (73.41±14.78)% versus (47.32±11.47)% (P<0.01). DSR analysis of baseline and 1 year postoperatively also showed greater radiographic gains in alveolar bone mass in the test group than in the control group: gray increase (580 ±50) grays versus (220 ± 32)grays (P=0.0001);area with increased gray were (5.21±1.25) mm2 versus (3.02±1.22) mm2 (P=0.0001).Conclusions The treatment with a combination of PRP and BPBM led to a significantly favorable clinical improvement in periodontal intrabony defects compared to using BPBM alone. Further studies are

  2. Mesotherapy and platelet-rich plasma for the treatment of hair loss

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gonca Gökdemir

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Hair loss often significant impact on quality of life, including loss of self-confidence and self-esteem. However, treatment of hair loss is frustrating for both patients and doctors. Mesotherapy and platelet-rich plasma have recently become advertised method for the treatment of different types of alopecia. The efficacy of these methods in hair loss is controversial in view of lack of documented evidence. It was reviewed the data about the efficacy, safety and treatment protocols of mesotherapy and platelet-rich plasma in patients with hair loss.

  3. Do autologous blood and PRP injections effectively treat tennis elbow?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Widstrom, Luke; Slattengren, Andrew

    2016-09-01

    Both approaches reduce pain, but the improvement with platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is not clinically meaningful. Autologous blood injections (ABIs) are more effective than corticosteroid injections for reducing pain and disability in patients with tennis elbow in both the short and long term.

  4. A novel hypothesis: the application of platelet-rich plasma can promote the clinical healing of white-white meniscal tears.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Li-Cheng; Gao, Shu-Guang; Xu, Mai; Jiang, Wei; Tian, Jian; Lei, Guang-Hua

    2012-08-01

    The white-white tears (meniscus lesion completely in the avascular zone) are without blood supply and theoretically cannot heal. Basal research has demonstrated that menisci are unquestionably important in load bearing, load redistribution, shock absorption, joint lubrication and the stabilization of the knee joint. It has been proven that partial or all-meniscusectomy results in an accelerated degeneration of cartilage and an increased rate of early osteoarthritis. Knee surgeons must face the difficult decision of removing or, if possible, retaining the meniscus; if it is possible to retain the meniscus, surgeons must address the difficulties of meniscal healing. Some preliminary approaches have progressed to improve meniscal healing. However, the problem of promoting meniscal healing in the avascular area has not yet been resolved. The demanding nature of the approach as well as its low utility and efficacy has impeded the progress of these enhancement techniques. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is a platelet concentration derived from autologous blood. In recent years, PRP has been used widely in preclinical and clinical applications for bone regeneration and wound healing. Therefore, we hypothesize that the application of platelet-rich plasma for white-white meniscal tears will be a simple and novel technique of high utility in knee surgery.

  5. Comparison between the efficacy and safety of platelet-rich plasma vs. microdermabrasion in the treatment of striae distensae: clinical and histopathological study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ibrahim, Zeinab Abd El-Samad; El-Tatawy, Rania Ahmed; El-Samongy, Marwa Ahmed; Ali, Dareen Abdelaziz Mohammed

    2015-12-01

    Striae distensae is a challenging cosmetic problem for which various treatment modalities have been applied. To compare between the efficacy and tolerability of intradermal injection of autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) vs. microdermabrasion in the treatment of striae distensae. Sixty-eight patients with striae distensae were randomly assigned to three groups according to therapeutic modalities. Patients of group I were treated by intradermal injection of PRP alone, patients of group II were treated with microdermabrasion alone, and patients of group III were treated with combination of intradermal PRP and microdermabrasion in the same session. Each patient underwent maximum of six sessions at 2-week interval. Skin biopsies were taken from some patients at baseline, and 3 months after the last sessions stained with hematoxylin and eosin stain, Masson trichrome, orceun, and Van Gieson stains to study of histopathological changes and efficacy of treatment. There was significant clinical improvement of striae distensae in patients treated with PRP injection and patients treated with combination of PRP and microdermabrasion when compared with patients treated with microdermabrasion. However, combination of PRP and microdermabrasion in the same session showed better results in short duration. Collagen and elastic fibers were markedly increased in the dermis at the end of treatment sessions. Platelet-rich plasma alone is more effective than microdermabrasion alone in the treatment of striae distensae, but it is better to use the combination of both for more and rapid efficacy. However, each one of them is well tolerated by the patients, safe and cost effective.

  6. 富血小板血浆在骨科领域的应用与前景%Application and Prospects of Platelet-rich Plasma in Orthopedics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许生领

    2011-01-01

    富血小板血浆(PRP)是自体血小板的浓缩体,含有丰富的血小板,其所含的多种生长因子,其比例与体内正常比例相似,有助于促进骨、软骨的缺损修复,引导软组织再生及预防感染等.现就相关文献回顾探讨富血小板血浆的分离和制备、成分和作用,以及在骨科领域中的应用、作用机制和展望等,为PRP在骨科领域中的应用提供依据.%Platelet-rich plasma ( PRP ) is the autologous platelet concentrates, rich in platelets, which contains a variety of growth factors, contributes to bone, cartilage defects repair, guides soft tissue regeneration and prevent infection, etc..Here is to review the literature on the separation and preparation of platelet-rich plasma,composition and role,and applications, functional mechanisms and prospects in the field of orthopedic, providing basis for PRP application in orthopedics.

  7. Conservative Treatment of Ankle Osteoarthritis: Can Platelet-Rich Plasma Effectively Postpone Surgery?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Repetto, Ilaria; Biti, Besmir; Cerruti, Paola; Trentini, Roberto; Felli, Lamberto

    Osteoarthritis is the most common and disabling of the orthopedic diseases. Currently, the conservative treatment of osteoarthritis is limited to symptomatic treatment, whose goal is to improve function and pain control. Ankle osteoarthritis is relatively uncommon, in contrast to osteoarthritis of the hip and knee, and the therapeutic options (both pharmacologic and surgical) are limited, with surgery providing poorer and less predictable results. The effectiveness of platelet-rich plasma injections for osteoarthritis is still controversial, especially so for ankle arthritis, owing to the lack of evidence in the present data. We retrospectively evaluated the mid- to long-term clinical results (mean follow-up of 17.7 months) for platelet-rich plasma injections in 20 patients (20 ankles) with ankle osteoarthritis. We evaluated the presence of pain using the visual analog scale, function using the Foot and Ankle Disability Index, and subjective satisfaction. The pre- and post-treatment scores, obtained from the clinical records and from telephone interviews during the follow-up period, were compared using the Student t test. We found a strong positive effect for 4 platelet-rich plasma injections (injected once a week) on pain (p = .0001) and function (p = .001), with 80% of patients very satisfied and satisfied, and only 2 patients (10%) required surgery because of early treatment failure. These results suggest that the use of platelet-rich plasma injection is a valid and safe alternative to postpone the need for surgery.

  8. Ultrasound-Guided Injection Therapy of Achilles Tendinopathy With Platelet-Rich Plasma or Saline

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krogh, Thøger P; Ellingsen, Torkell; Christensen, Robin

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Achilles tendinopathy (AT) is a common and difficult to treat musculoskeletal disorder. PURPOSE: To examine whether 1 injection of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) would improve outcomes more effectively than placebo (saline) after 3 months in patients with AT. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized...

  9. Bone regenerative properties of rat, goat and human platelet-rich plasma.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Plachokova, A.S.; Dolder, J. van den; Beucken, J.J.J.P. van den; Jansen, J.A.

    2009-01-01

    To explore the reported contradictory osteogenic capacity of platelet-rich plasma (PRP), the aim of the study was to examine and compare the bone regenerative effect of: PRPs of different species (rat, goat, human); human bone graft (HB) vs. HB combined with human PRP (HB+hPRP); and HB+hPRP vs. synt

  10. Platelet-rich plasma can replace fetal bovine serum in human meniscus cell cultures

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gonzales, V.K.; Mulder, E.L.W. de; Boer, T. den; Hannink, G.; Tienen, T.G. van; Heerde, W.L. van; Buma, P.

    2013-01-01

    Concerns over fetal bovine serum (FBS) limit the clinical application of cultured tissue-engineered constructs. Therefore, we investigated if platelet-rich plasma (PRP) can fully replace FBS for meniscus tissue engineering purposes. Human PRP and platelet-poor plasma (PPP) were isolated from three h

  11. Clinical evaluation of the effect of platelet rich plasma on the coronally advanced flap root coverage procedure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sharashchandra Madhavarao Biradar

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Coronally advanced flap (CAF has been shown to effectively treat gingival recession. Platelet rich plasma (PRP, containing autologous growth factors, has been shown to promote soft tissue healing. The aim of this clinical study was to determine whether the addition of an autologous PRP to a CAF when compared to a CAF alone would improve the clinical outcome for treatment of multiple gingival recessions. Materials and Methods: Thirty patients with Miller′s class I and class II buccal recession defect were randomly assigned to control (CAF alone or test (CAF with PRP groups. Recession depth (RD, recession width (RW, probing depth (PD, clinical attachment level (CAL, width of keratinized tissue, wound healing index, percentage of root coverage was assessed. Patients were followed at 2, 4, 12 and 16 weeks post-surgery. Statistical analysis for intra and inter group comparisons was done using Wilcoxon sign rank and Wilcoxon rank sum tests respectively. P < 0.05 denoted statistical significance. Results: The differences between the test and control groups were not significant with respect to all the clinical variables. The RD at 16 weeks was significantly reduced from 2.88 ± 0.69 to 0.76 ± 0.24 mm in control group (P < 0.05 and from 2.95 ± 0.43 to 0.76 ± 0.35 mm in the test group (P < 0.05. The mean percentage of root coverage was 73.1 ± 7.3 in the control group and 75.0 ± 8.3 in test group (P < 0.05. The CAL gain was 3.17 ± 0.84 mm within the control group and 3.17 ± 0.79 mm within test group. Conclusion: Within the limitations of this study, PRP with CAF can provide an early healing of soft tissues, but does not provide clinically measurable improvement in the final therapeutics outcome in CAF.

  12. Muscle repair: platelet-rich plasma derivates as a bridge from spontaneity to intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sánchez, Mikel; Anitua, Eduardo; Delgado, Diego; Sánchez, Pello; Orive, Gorka; Padilla, Sabino

    2014-10-01

    Muscle injuries account for between 10% and 55% of all sporting injuries. Although the skeletal muscle is a plastic organ capable of responding efficiently to environmental changes, the appropriate treatment of muscle injuries remains a daunting clinical challenge in sports medicine. There is considerable evidence to indicate that growth factors, such as transforming growth factor-β (TGFβ), hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) or insulin-like growth factor (IGF), and fibrin matrix are key in cellular events required for muscle repair and regeneration, namely myogenesis, angiogenesis and fibrogenesis. An innovative biological approach to the treatment of muscle injuries is the application of Plasma Rich in Growth Factors (PRGF) in intramuscular infiltrations. PRGF delivers growth factors, cytokines and adhesive proteins present in platelets and plasma, as well as other biologically-active proteins conveyed by the plasma, such as fibrinogen, prothrombin and fibronectin. This autologous, mimetic biomaterial embedded with a pool of growth factors acts as a smart dynamic scaffold, and should be applied taking into account a biological approach. A clinical trial is required to assess the functional repair outcome of PRGF infiltrations in muscle injuries.

  13. Platelet-Rich Plasma Increases the Levels of Catabolic Molecules and Cellular Dedifferentiation in the Meniscus of a Rabbit Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Hye-Rim; Shon, Oog-Jin; Park, Se-Il; Kim, Han-Jun; Kim, Sukyoung; Ahn, Myun-Whan; Do, Sun Hee

    2016-01-16

    Despite the susceptibility to frequent intrinsic and extrinsic injuries, especially in the inner zone, the meniscus does not heal spontaneously owing to its poor vascularity. In this study, the effect of platelet-rich plasma (PRP), containing various growth factors, on meniscal mechanisms was examined under normal and post-traumatic inflammatory conditions. Isolated primary meniscal cells of New Zealand white (NZW) rabbits were incubated for 3, 10, 14 and 21 days with PRP(-), 10% PRP (PRP(+)), IL(+) or IL(+)PRP(+). The meniscal cells were collected and examined using reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Culture media were examined by immunoblot analyses for matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) catabolic molecules. PRP containing growth factors improved the cellular viability of meniscal cells in a concentration-dependent manner at Days 1, 4 and 7. However, based on RT-PCR, meniscal cells demonstrated dedifferentiation, along with an increase in type I collagen in the PRP(+) and in IL(+)PRP(+). In PRP(+), the aggrecan expression levels were lower than in the PRP(-) until Day 21. The protein levels of MMP-1 and MMP-3 were higher in each PRP group, i.e., PRP(+) and IL(+)PRP(+), at each culture time. A reproducible 2-mm circular defect on the meniscus of NZW rabbit was used to implant fibrin glue (control) or PRP in vivo. After eight weeks, the lesions in the control and PRP groups were occupied with fibrous tissue, but not with meniscal cells. This study shows that PRP treatment of the meniscus results in an increase of catabolic molecules, especially those related to IL-1α-induced inflammation, and that PRP treatment for an in vivo meniscus injury accelerates fibrosis, instead of meniscal cartilage.

  14. Platelet-Rich Plasma Increases the Levels of Catabolic Molecules and Cellular Dedifferentiation in the Meniscus of a Rabbit Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hye-Rim Lee

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Despite the susceptibility to frequent intrinsic and extrinsic injuries, especially in the inner zone, the meniscus does not heal spontaneously owing to its poor vascularity. In this study, the effect of platelet-rich plasma (PRP, containing various growth factors, on meniscal mechanisms was examined under normal and post-traumatic inflammatory conditions. Isolated primary meniscal cells of New Zealand white (NZW rabbits were incubated for 3, 10, 14 and 21 days with PRP(−, 10% PRP (PRP(+, IL(+ or IL(+PRP(+. The meniscal cells were collected and examined using reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR. Culture media were examined by immunoblot analyses for matrix metalloproteinases (MMP catabolic molecules. PRP containing growth factors improved the cellular viability of meniscal cells in a concentration-dependent manner at Days 1, 4 and 7. However, based on RT-PCR, meniscal cells demonstrated dedifferentiation, along with an increase in type I collagen in the PRP(+ and in IL(+PRP(+. In PRP(+, the aggrecan expression levels were lower than in the PRP(− until Day 21. The protein levels of MMP-1 and MMP-3 were higher in each PRP group, i.e., PRP(+ and IL(+PRP(+, at each culture time. A reproducible 2-mm circular defect on the meniscus of NZW rabbit was used to implant fibrin glue (control or PRP in vivo. After eight weeks, the lesions in the control and PRP groups were occupied with fibrous tissue, but not with meniscal cells. This study shows that PRP treatment of the meniscus results in an increase of catabolic molecules, especially those related to IL-1α-induced inflammation, and that PRP treatment for an in vivo meniscus injury accelerates fibrosis, instead of meniscal cartilage.

  15. Modification of Pulsed Electric Field Conditions Results in Distinct Activation Profiles of Platelet-Rich Plasma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frelinger, Andrew L.; Gerrits, Anja J.; Garner, Allen L.; Torres, Andrew S.; Caiafa, Antonio; Morton, Christine A.; Berny-Lang, Michelle A.; Carmichael, Sabrina L.; Neculaes, V. Bogdan; Michelson, Alan D.

    2016-01-01

    Background Activated autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) used in therapeutic wound healing applications is poorly characterized and standardized. Using pulsed electric fields (PEF) to activate platelets may reduce variability and eliminate complications associated with the use of bovine thrombin. We previously reported that exposing PRP to sub-microsecond duration, high electric field (SMHEF) pulses generates a greater number of platelet-derived microparticles, increased expression of prothrombotic platelet surfaces, and differential release of growth factors compared to thrombin. Moreover, the platelet releasate produced by SMHEF pulses induced greater cell proliferation than plasma. Aims To determine whether sub-microsecond duration, low electric field (SMLEF) bipolar pulses results in differential activation of PRP compared to SMHEF, with respect to profiles of activation markers, growth factor release, and cell proliferation capacity. Methods PRP activation by SMLEF bipolar pulses was compared to SMHEF pulses and bovine thrombin. PRP was prepared using the Harvest SmartPreP2 System from acid citrate dextrose anticoagulated healthy donor blood. PEF activation by either SMHEF or SMLEF pulses was performed using a standard electroporation cuvette preloaded with CaCl2 and a prototype instrument designed to take into account the electrical properties of PRP. Flow cytometry was used to assess platelet surface P-selectin expression, and annexin V binding. Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), endothelial growth factor (EGF) and platelet factor 4 (PF4), and were measured by ELISA. The ability of supernatants to stimulate proliferation of human epithelial cells in culture was also evaluated. Controls included vehicle-treated, unactivated PRP and PRP with 10 mM CaCl2 activated with 1 U/mL bovine thrombin. Results PRP activated with SMLEF bipolar pulses or thrombin had similar light scatter profiles, consistent with the

  16. Platelet-rich plasma for calcific tendinitis of the shoulder: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seijas, Roberto; Ares, Oscar; Alvarez, Pedro; Cusco, Xavier; Garcia-Balletbo, Montserrat; Cugat, Ramon

    2012-04-01

    We report a 44-year-old woman with calcific tendinitis of the shoulder treated with platelet-rich plasma injection. Prior to this, she had no improvement of the symptoms after 6 weeks of ultrasound treatment, Codman exercises, and anti-inflammatory treatment. Platelet-rich plasma was injected into the subacromial area 3 times at 2-week intervals. She had progressive improvement of pain after 2 weeks, and was asymptomatic at week 6. The patient then underwent the previous protocol of rehabilitation. At the one-year follow-up, the patient was pain-free and had complete resolution of calcific tendinitis. The patient had regained full range of movement and had resumed all her activities.

  17. Platelet-rich plasma in bone repair of irradiated tibiae of Wistar rats

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gumieiro, Emne Hammoud; Abrahao, Marcio; Jahn, Ricardo Schmitutz, E-mail: gumieiro@uol.com.b [Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo (UNIFESP-EPM), SP (Brazil). Dept. of Otorhinolaringology and Head and Neck Surgery; Segretto, Helena [Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo (UNIFESP-EPM), SP (Brazil). Dept. of Oncology; Alves, Maria Tereza de Seixas [Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo (UNIFESP-EPM), SP (Brazil). Dept. of Patology; Nannmark, Ulf [The Sahlgrenska Academy of Goeteborg Univ. (Sweden). Inst. for Clinical Sciences. Dept. of Anatomy and Cell Biology; Granstroem, Goesta [Goeteborg Univ. (Sweden). Dept. of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery; Dib, Luciano Lauria [Universidade Paulista (UNIP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil). Faculty of Dentistry. Dept. of Stomatology

    2010-05-15

    Purpose: to evaluate the influence of PRP addition on bone repair of circular defects created in irradiated tibiae of rats by histometric analysis. Methods: sixty male Wistar rats had the right tibiae irradiated with 30 Gy. After 30 days monocortical defects were created and platelet-rich plasma as applied in 30 rats. In the control group defects were created but not filled. The animals were sacrificed after 4, 7, 14, 21, 56 and 84 days and the tibiae removed for histological processing. Results: there was a tendency in the PRP group to increased bone neoformation from 14-days to 84-days; in the control group increased bone neoformation was not seen after 21 days or later. Conclusion: the addition of platelet-rich plasma had a beneficial effect in the initial cellular regeneration period and enhanced bone formation in later periods when compared to control. (author)

  18. Influence of platelet-rich plasma on dental implants. Osseointegration in well-controlled diabetic patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malik, A; Shaari, R; Rahman, S A; Aljuboori, M J

    2012-12-01

    The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) on the osseointegration of dental implants in diabetic patients. A split-mouth design was employed in all 14 patients, with each patient receiving two mini implants. A PRP-coated mini implant was installed in one quadrant as a trial and a plain mini implant was added in the opposite quadrant to serve as a control. Radiographic evaluation was done at 3, 6, and 9 weeks after implant placement. Radiographic density is measured at five points around the implants, repeatedly. Results showed no statistically significant difference between the two groups of implants. The minimally invasive mini implants successfully maintained integration at the end of 9 weeks. There were no cases of implant failure. The results of this study suggest that platelet-rich plasma implant coating has no significant effect in reducing the time for mini implant osseointegration in diabetic patients.

  19. Favorable Vocal Fold Wound Healing Induced by Platelet-Rich Plasma Injection

    OpenAIRE

    Woo, Seung Hoon; Jeong, Han-Sin; Kim, Jin Pyeong; Koh, Eun-Ha; Lee, Seon Uk; Jin, Sung Min; Kim, Dong Hoon; Sohn, Jin Hee; Lee, Sang Hyuk

    2014-01-01

    Objectives To introduce a new injection material for vocal fold diseases, which could be readily translated to clinical practice, we investigated the effectiveness of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injection on the injured vocal fold in terms of histological recovery. Methods Blood samples were drawn from New Zealand White rabbits and PRP was isolated through centrifugation and separation of the samples. Using a CO2 laser, we made a linear wound in the 24 vocal fold sides of 12 rabbits and inject...

  20. Repair of Segmental Load-Bearing Bone Defect by Autologous Mesenchymal Stem Cells and Plasma-Derived Fibrin Impregnated Ceramic Block Results in Early Recovery of Limb Function

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Min Hwei Ng

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Calcium phosphate-based bone substitutes have not been used to repair load-bearing bone defects due to their weak mechanical property. In this study, we reevaluated the functional outcomes of combining ceramic block with osteogenic-induced mesenchymal stem cells and platelet-rich plasma (TEB to repair critical-sized segmental tibial defect. Comparisons were made with fresh marrow-impregnated ceramic block (MIC and partially demineralized allogeneic bone block (ALLO. Six New Zealand White female rabbits were used in each study group and three rabbits with no implants were used as negative controls. By Day 90, 4/6 rabbits in TEB group and 2/6 in ALLO and MIC groups resumed normal gait pattern. Union was achieved significantly faster in TEB group with a radiological score of 4.50 ± 0.78 versus ALLO (1.06 ± 0.32, MIC (1.28 ± 0.24, and negative controls (0. Histologically, TEB group scored the highest percentage of new bone (82% ± 5.1% compared to ALLO (5% ± 2.5% and MIC (26% ± 5.2%. Biomechanically, TEB-treated tibiae achieved the highest compressive strength (43.50 ± 12.72 MPa compared to those treated with ALLO (15.15 ± 3.57 MPa and MIC (23.28 ± 6.14 MPa. In conclusion, TEB can repair critical-sized segmental load-bearing bone defects and restore limb function.

  1. Comparison of platelet rich plasma and synthetic graft material for bone regeneration after third molar extraction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nathani, Dipesh B.; Sequeira, Joyce; Rao, B. H. Sripathi

    2015-01-01

    Aims: To compare the efficacy of Platelet rich plasma and synthetic graft material for bone regeneration after bilateral third molar extraction. Material and Methods: This study was conducted in 10 patients visiting the outpatient department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Yenepoya Dental College & Hospital. Patients requiring extraction of bilateral mandibular third molars were taken for the study. Following extraction, PRP (Platelet Rich Plasma) was placed in one extraction socket and synthetic graft material in form granules [combination of Hydroxyapatite (HA) and Bioactive glass (BG)] in another extraction socket. The patients were assessed for postoperative pain and soft tissue healing. Radiological assessment of the extraction site was done at 8, 12 and 16 weeks interval to compare the change in bone density in both the sockets. Results: Pain was less on PRP site when compared to HA site. Soft tissue evaluation done using gingival healing index given by Landry et al showed better healing on PRP site when compared to HA site. The evaluation of bone density by radiological assessment showed the grey level values calculated at 4 months at the PRP site were comparatively higher than HA site. Conclusion: The study showed that the platelet rich plasma is a better graft material than synthetic graft material in terms of soft tissue and bone healing. However a more elaborate study with a larger number of clinical cases is very much essential to be more conclusive regarding the efficacy of both the materials. PMID:26981473

  2. Complex reconstructive surgery following removal of extra-intracranial meningiomas, including the use of autologous fibrin glue and a pedicled muscle flap

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonella Giugno, M.D.

    2014-12-01

    Conclusions: Reparation of CSF fistulas that arise after meningioma surgery can require a complex reconstructive surgery of the superficial layers; when cranioplasty is not feasible or indicated, a meticulous reconstruction of the extracranial soft tissues is possible also by using vascularized autologous distal muscular tissue, with close interdisciplinary cooperation.

  3. Effects of Calcium Sulfate Combined with Platelet-rich Plasma on Restoration of Long Bone Defect in Rabbits

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hua Chen; Xin-Ran Ji; Qun Zhang; Xue-Zhong Tian; Bo-Xun Zhang; Pei-Fu Tang

    2016-01-01

    Background:The treatment for long bone defects has been a hot topic in the field of regenerative medicine.This study aimed to evaluate the therapeutic effects of calcium sulfate (CS) combined with platelet-rich plasma (PRP) on long bone defect restoration.Methods:A radial bone defect model was constructed through an osteotomy using New Zealand rabbits.The rabbits were randomly divided into four groups (n =10 in each group):a CS combined with PRP (CS-PRP) group,a CS group,a PRP group,and a positive (recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2) control group.PRP was prepared from autologous blood using a two-step centrifugation process.CS-PRP was obtained by mixing hemihydrate CS with PRP.Radiographs and histologic micrographs were generated.The percentage of bone regenerated bone area in each rabbit was calculated at 10 weeks.One-way analysis of variance was performed in this study.Results:The radiographs and histologic micrographs showed bone restoration in the CS-PRP and positive control groups,while nonunion was observed in the CS and PRP groups.The percentages of bone regenerated bone area in the CS-PRP (84.60 ± 2.87%) and positive control (52.21 ± 4.53%) groups were significantly greater than those in the CS group (12.34 ± 2.17%) and PRP group (16.52 ± 4.22%) (P < 0.001).In addition,the bone strength of CS-PRP group (43.l 0 ± 4.10%) was significantly greater than that of the CS group (20.10 ± 3.70%) or PRP group (25.10 ± 2.10%) (P < 0.001).Conclusion:CS-PRP functions as an effective treatment for long bone defects through stimulating bone regeneration and enhancing new bone strength.

  4. Histologic Evidence of New Collagen Formulation Using Platelet Rich Plasma in Skin Rejuvenation: A Prospective Controlled Clinical Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abuaf, Ozlem Karabudak; Baloglu, Hüseyin; Bilgili, Memet Ersan; Simsek, Hasan Aktug; Dogan, Bilal

    2016-01-01

    Background Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is an autologous concentration of human platelets contained in a small volume of plasma and has recently been shown to accelerate rejuvenate aging skin by various growth factors and cell adhesion molecules. Objective This study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and safety of intradermal injection of PRP in the human facial rejuvenation. Methods This study was a prospective, single-center, single-dose, open-label, non-randomized controlled clinical study. PRP injected to the upper site of this right infra-auricular area and all face. Saline was injected to the left infra-auricular area. Histopathological examinations were performed before PRP treatment, 28 days after the PRP, and saline (control) treatments. Results Twenty women ranging in age from 40 to 49 years (mean age, 43.65±2.43 years) were enrolled in the study. The mean optical densities (MODs) of collagen in the pre-treatment, control, and PRP-treated area were measured. They were 539±93.2, 787±134.15, 1,019±178, respectively. In the MOD of PRP, 89.05 percent improvement was found when MOD of PRP was compared with MOD of pre-treatment. The mean MOD of collagen fibers was clearly highest on the PRP side (p<0.001). The PRP-to-saline improvement ratio (89.05% to 46.01%) was 1.93:1. No serious side effects were detected. Conclusion PRP increases dermal collagen levels not only by growth factors, but also by skin needling (the mesotherapy technique 'point by point'). PRP application could be considered as an effective (even a single application) and safety procedure for facial skin rejuvenation. PMID:27904271

  5. Study of platelet-rich plasma injections in the treatment of androgenetic alopecia through an one-year period

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria-Angeliki Gkini

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Platelet-rich plasma (PRP is defined as an autologous concentration of plasma with a greater count of platelets than that of whole blood. Its action depends on the released growth factors from platelets. It has been investigated and used in numerous fields of medicine. Recently, PRP has received growing attention as a potential therapeutic tool for hair loss. Aims: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of PRP injections in the scalp of patients with androgenetic alopecia. Settings and Design: Prospective cohort study. Materials and Methods: 20 patients, 18 males and 2 females, with androgenetic alopecia were enrolled in the study. PRP was prepared using a single spin method (Regenlab SA. Upon activation, it was injected in the androgen-related areas of scalp. Three treatment sessions were performed with an interval of 21 days and a booster session at 6 months following the onset of therapy. Statistical Analysis: Statistical analysis of the data was performed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS, version 19.0 (IBM, NY, USA. Results: Hair loss reduced and at 3 months it reached normal levels. Hair density reached a peak at 3 months (170.70 ± 37.81, P < 0.001. At 6 months and at 1 year, it was significantly increased, 156.25 ± 37.75 (P < 0.001 and 153.70 ± 39.92 (P < 0.001 respectively, comparing to baseline. Patients were satisfied with a mean result rating of 7.1 on a scale of 1-10. No remarkable adverse effects were noted. Conclusions: Our data suggest that PRP injections may have a positive therapeutic effect on male and female pattern hair loss without remarkable major side effects. Further studies are needed to confirm its efficacy.

  6. Bone marrow aspiration concentrate and platelet rich plasma for osteochondral repair in a porcine osteochondral defect model.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcel Betsch

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Bone marrow aspiration concentrate (BMAC may possess a high potency for cartilage and osseous defect healing because it contains stem cells and multiple growth factors. Alternatively, platelet rich plasma (PRP, which contains a cocktail of multiple growth factors released from enriched activated thrombocytes may potentially stimulate the mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs in bone marrow to proliferate and differentiate. METHODS: A critical size osteochondral defect (10×6 mm in both medial femoral condyles was created in 14 Goettinger mini-pigs. All animals were randomized into the following four groups: biphasic scaffold alone (TRUFIT BGS, Smith & Nephew, USA, scaffold with PRP, scaffold with BMAC and scaffold in combination with BMAC and PRP. After 26 weeks all animals were euthanized and histological slides were cut, stained and evaluated using a histological score and immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: The thrombocyte number was significantly increased (p = 0.049 in PRP compared to whole blood. In addition the concentration of the measured growth factors in PRP such as BMP-2, BMP-7, VEGF, TGF-β1 and PDGF were significantly increased when compared to whole blood (p<0.05. In the defects of the therapy groups areas of chondrogenic tissue were present, which stained blue with toluidine blue and positively for collagen type II. Adding BMAC or PRP in a biphasic scaffold led to a significant improvement of the histological score compared to the control group, but the combination of BMAC and PRP did not further enhance the histological score. CONCLUSIONS: The clinical application of BMAC or PRP in osteochondral defect healing is attractive because of their autologous origin and cost-effectiveness. Adding either PRP or BMAC to a biphasic scaffold led to a significantly better healing of osteochondral defects compared with the control group. However, the combination of both therapies did not further enhance healing.

  7. Systemic effects of locally injected platelet rich plasma in a rat model: an analysis on muscle and bloodstream.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borrione, P; Grasso, L; Racca, S; Abbadessa, G; Carriero, V; Fagnani, F; Quaranta, F; Pigozzi, F

    2015-01-01

    Abundant evidence suggests that growth factors, contained in platelets alpha granules, may play a key role in the early stages of the muscle healing process with particular regard to the inflammatory phase. Although the contents of the platelet-rich plasma preparations have been extensively studied, the biological mechanisms involved as well as the systemic effects and the related potential doping implications of this approach are still largely unknown. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether local platelet-rich plasma administration may modify the levels of specific cytokines and growth factors both in treated muscle and bloodstream in rats. An additional aim was to investigate more deeply whether the local platelet-rich plasma administration may exert systemic effects by analyzing contralateral lesioned but untreated muscles. The results showed that platelet-rich plasma treatment induced a modification of certain cytokines and growth factor levels in muscle but not in the bloodstream, suggesting that local platelet-rich plasma treatment influenced directly or, more plausibly, indirectly the synthesis or recruitment of cytokines and growth factors at the site of injury. Moreover, the observed modifications of cytokine and growth factor levels in contralateral injured but not treated muscles, strongly suggested a systemic effect of locally injected platelet-rich plasma.

  8. Comparison between the effects of platelet-rich plasma and bone marrow concentrate on defect consolidation in the rabbit tibia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Batista, Marco Antonio; Leivas, Tomaz Puga; Rodrigues, Consuelo Junqueira; Arenas, Géssica Cantadori Funes; Belitardo, Donizeti Rodrigues; Guarniero, Roberto

    2011-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To perform a comparative analysis of the effects of platelet-rich plasma and centrifuged bone marrow aspirate on the induction of bone healing in rabbits. METHOD: Twenty adult, male New Zealand rabbits were randomly separated into two equal groups, and surgery was performed to create a bone defect (a cortical orifice 3.3 mm in diameter) in the proximal metaphysis of each rabbit's right tibia. In the first group, platelet-rich plasma was implanted in combination with β-tricalcium phosphate (platelet-rich plasma group), and in the second group, centrifuged bone marrow in combination with β-tricalcium phosphate (centrifuged bone marrow group) was implanted. After a period of four weeks, the animals were euthanized, and the tibias were evaluated using digital radiography, computed tomography, and histomorphometry. RESULTS: Seven samples from each group were evaluated. The radiographic evaluation confirmed the absence of fractures in the postoperative limb and identified whether bone consolidation had occurred. The tomographic evaluation revealed a greater amount of consolidation and the formation of a greater cortical bone thickness in the platelet-rich plasma group. The histomorphometry revealed a greater bone density in the platelet-rich plasma group compared with the centrifuged bone marrow group. CONCLUSION: After four weeks, the platelet-rich plasma promoted a greater amount of bone consolidation than the bone marrow aspirate concentrate. PMID:22012052

  9. Comparison between the effects of platelet-rich plasma and bone marrow concentrate on defect consolidation in the rabbit tibia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Antonio Batista

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To perform a comparative analysis of the effects of platelet-rich plasma and centrifuged bone marrow aspirate on the induction of bone healing in rabbits. METHOD: Twenty adult, male New Zealand rabbits were randomly separated into two equal groups, and surgery was performed to create a bone defect (a cortical orifice 3.3 mm in diameter in the proximal metaphysis of each rabbit's right tibia. In the first group, platelet-rich plasma was implanted in combination with β-tricalcium phosphate (platelet-rich plasma group, and in the second group, centrifuged bone marrow in combination with β-tricalcium phosphate (centrifuged bone marrow group was implanted. After a period of four weeks, the animals were euthanized, and the tibias were evaluated using digital radiography, computed tomography, and histomorphometry. RESULTS: Seven samples from each group were evaluated. The radiographic evaluation confirmed the absence of fractures in the postoperative limb and identified whether bone consolidation had occurred. The tomographic evaluation revealed a greater amount of consolidation and the formation of a greater cortical bone thickness in the platelet-rich plasma group. The histomorphometry revealed a greater bone density in the platelet-rich plasma group compared with the centrifuged bone marrow group. CONCLUSION: After four weeks, the platelet-rich plasma promoted a greater amount of bone consolidation than the bone marrow aspirate concentrate.

  10. Preliminary separation of the growth factors in platelet-rich plasma: effects on the proliferation of human marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUANG Qian; WANG Yun-dan; WU Tao; JIANG Shan; HU Yan-ling; PEI Guo-xian

    2009-01-01

    Background Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) as a storage vehicle of growth factors has been successfully used in clinical applications, but in most cases the platelets were autologous. However, the large volume of blood withdrawn has detrimental effects on patients with anemia or poor general health. To overcome these limitations, this study was designed to separate the growth factors in homologous platelet-rich plasma. Methods The gel chromatography with Superdex-75 column was applied to separate PRP supernatants into 4 major fractions. Then the four fractions were vacuumed freeze-dried and re-dissolved in phosphate buffered saline. Proteins concentrations in PRP and in four fractions were detected by bicinchoninic acid protein assay; platelet derived growth factor-AB (PDGF-AB) and transforming growth factor 131 (TGF-β1) levels were determined by sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. The effects of fractions on the proliferation of human marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) were determined by 3-(4, 5- dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Results PRP supernatants were separated into four major fractions by gel chromatography. The proteins recovery was 96.72%. Of the four fractions, fraction B contained the highest TGF-β1 and PDGF-AB levels, and the highest proteins concentrations. Cell proliferation curves of MSC demonstrated that fraction B and C induced a remarkable increase of MTT values compared to the untreated culture (P 0.05). Fraction A and D showed no significant difference to the negative control group (P >0.05). Conclusions The growth factors in PRP supernatants could be preliminarily separated into four fractions by gel chromatography, and the freeze-drying fractions retained the biological activity of growth factors. The growth factors were mostly presented in fraction B and C, and they promoted cell proliferation effectively.

  11. Freeze-Dried Platelet-Rich Plasma Accelerates Bone Union with Adequate Rigidity in Posterolateral Lumbar Fusion Surgery Model in Rats

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shiga, Yasuhiro; Orita, Sumihisa; Kubota, Go; Kamoda, Hiroto; Yamashita, Masaomi; Matsuura, Yusuke; Yamauchi, Kazuyo; Eguchi, Yawara; Suzuki, Miyako; Inage, Kazuhide; Sainoh, Takeshi; Sato, Jun; Fujimoto, Kazuki; Abe, Koki; Kanamoto, Hirohito; Inoue, Masahiro; Kinoshita, Hideyuki; Aoki, Yasuchika; Toyone, Tomoaki; Furuya, Takeo; Koda, Masao; Takahashi, Kazuhisa; Ohtori, Seiji

    2016-11-01

    Fresh platelet-rich plasma (PRP) accelerates bone union in rat model. However, fresh PRP has a short half-life. We suggested freeze-dried PRP (FD-PRP) prepared in advance and investigated its efficacy in vivo. Spinal posterolateral fusion was performed on 8-week-old male Sprague-Dawley rats divided into six groups based on the graft materials (n = 10 per group): sham control, artificial bone (A hydroxyapatite–collagen composite) –alone, autologous bone, artificial bone + fresh-PRP, artificial bone + FD-PRP preserved 8 weeks, and artificial bone + human recombinant bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP) as a positive control. At 4 and 8 weeks after the surgery, we investigated their bone union–related characteristics including amount of bone formation, histological characteristics of trabecular bone at remodeling site, and biomechanical strength on 3-point bending. Comparable radiological bone union was confirmed at 4 weeks after surgery in 80% of the FD-PRP groups, which was earlier than in other groups (p < 0.05). Histologically, the trabecular bone had thinner and more branches in the FD-PRP. Moreover, the biomechanical strength was comparable to that of autologous bone. FD-PRP accelerated bone union at a rate comparable to that of fresh PRP and BMP by remodeling the bone with thinner, more tangled, and rigid trabecular bone.

  12. PLATELET-RICH PLASMA (PRP FOR THE TREATMENT OF PROBLEMATIC SKIN WOUNDS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tsvetan Sokolov

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To show platelet-rich plasma (PRP application of problematic skin wounds and to evaluate the results from the treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 31 patients with problematic skin wounds had been treated at the clinic for a period of five years (from May 2010 to September 2015 with the following patient sex ratio: male patients– 13 and female patients– 18. Average age– 46,5 (22-82. Patients with Type 2 Diabetes– 10, with decubitus ulcers– 2, traumatic– 29, with infection– 12, acute– 15, chronic– 16. Based on a scheme developed by us, all cases were treated by administering platelet-rich plasma, derived by PRGF Endoret system. Follow-up period was within 4 – 6 months (4,5 on average. We used platelet rich plasma derived by PRGF Endoret system, applied on the wound bed on a weekly basis. RESULTS: The results have been evaluated based on the following functional scoring systems - Total wound score, Total anatomic score and Total score (20. The baseline values at the very beginning of the follow-up period were as follows: Total wound score – 10 p.; Total anatomic score – 8 p., Total score – 15 p. By the end of the treatment period the score was 0 p., which means excellent results, i.e. complete healing of the wounds. CONCLUSION: We believe that the application of PRP may become optimal therapy in the treatment of difficult to heal wounds around joints, bone, subject tendons, plantar surface of the foot, etc., as it opens new perspectives in the field of human tissue regeneration.

  13. Osteobiology: newest bone organ topics and the platelet-rich plasma treatment.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ananias García Cardona

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available The bone is a dynamic tissue taht provides mechanical support, physical protection, storage site for minerals, and enables genesis movement. The bone biology (osteobiology is regulated by the balance betqeen osteoblastic formation and osteoclatic resorption. the skeletal bone homeostasis is influenced by components of the bone marrow organ, neuroendocrine system and hemato-inmmune system. The purpose of this review is to describe the biodynamic of the bone organ, and actual terapeutics with platelet-rich plasma in guide bone regeneration, a co-surgical method employed to increase the quantity and quality of the bone.

  14. The Security of Platelet-rich Plasma in Sports-relatedInjuries

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Leticia Rivero Gonzalez[1; Gabriel Lupon Escobar[2; LluisTil Perez[2,3; Sara Estevez Sarmiento[4

    2014-01-01

    Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) therapy in orthopedics and sports medicine has seen an expansion in use since 2003. Theobjective of this study is to not only review evidence of clinical effectiveness but also to evaluate its security and detect any disparitybetween its use and its popularity. A prospective, descriptive study, which included 104 athletes were performed. Minor adverse effectswere recorded and these were self-limited. Although there is a lack of more detailed studies which compare other factors, PRP therapyhas been shown to have positive results in relation to certain lesions.

  15. Experimental study of the effect of platelet-rich plasma on osteogenesis in rabbit

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张长青; 袁霆; 曾炳芳

    2004-01-01

    @@ Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is produced from a patient's own blood by centrifugation, and PRP contains several kinds of growth factors in high concentration such as platelet derived growth factor (PDGF), transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), insulin-like growth factor (IGF), epidermal growth factor (EGF), and so on.1 These growth factors have proved to offer an improved quality and speed of healing for both hard and soft tissue.2 In this study, PRP compounded with porous bioceramic was used to repair a bone defect in rabbit radius. The radiographic and histological qualitative and quantitative observations were performed to evaluate osteogenesis.

  16. Platelet-rich plasma as a novel treatment for lichen planopillaris.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bolanča, Željana; Goren, Andy; Getaldić-Švarc, Biserka; Vučić, Majda; Šitum, Mirna

    2016-07-01

    Treatment of lichen planopillaris (LPP) remains a significant challenge due to the irreversible damage inflicted on hair follicles combined with the low efficacy of existing treatments. We hypothesized that growth factors released by the use of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) may arrest the development of LPP. To test our hypothesis, we treated an LPP patient that has failed previous treatments with a new PRP regimen. Following PRP treatment and six months follow-up, the patient experienced complete regression of itching and hair shedding. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of successful treatment of LPP with a PRP regimen.

  17. Is Platelet-Rich Plasma a Future Therapy in Pain Management?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knezevic, Nebojsa Nick; Candido, Kenneth D; Desai, Ravi; Kaye, Alan David

    2016-01-01

    Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has the potential to regenerate tissues and decrease pain through the effects of bioactive molecules and growth factors present in alpha granules. Several PRP preparation systems are available with varying end products, doses of growth factors, and bioactive molecules. This article presents the biology of PRP, the preparation of PRP, and the effects PRP-related growth factors have on tissue healing and repair. Based on available evidence-based literature, the success of PRP therapy depends on the method of preparation and composition of PRP, the patient's medical condition, anatomic location of the injection, and the type of tissue injected.

  18. CLINICAL RESULTS FROM THE TREATMENT OF CHRONIC SKIN WOUNDS WITH PLATELET RICH PLASMA (PRP)

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    PURPOSE: To show platelet rich plasma (PRP) application of chronic skin wounds and to evaluate the results from the treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 14 patients with problematic skin wounds had been treated at the clinic for a period of five years (from May 2009 to December 2014) with the following patient sex ratio: male patients - 5 and female patients - 9. Average age - 48,5 (30-76). Patients with Type 2 Diabetes - 4, with decubitus ulcers - 6, traumatic - 8, with infection -...

  19. PLATELET-RICH PLASMA (PRP) FOR THE TREATMENT OF PROBLEMATIC SKIN WOUNDS

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To show platelet-rich plasma (PRP) application of problematic skin wounds and to evaluate the results from the treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 31 patients with problematic skin wounds had been treated at the clinic for a period of five years (from May 2010 to September 2015) with the following patient sex ratio: male patients– 13 and female patients– 18. Average age– 46,5 (22-82). Patients with Type 2 Diabetes– 10, with decubitus ulcers– 2, traumatic– 29, with infect...

  20. Role of plasma-rich fibrin in oral surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, K. Retna; Genmorgan, K.; Abdul Rahman, S. M.; Rajan, M. Alaguvel; Kumar, T. Arul; Prasad, V. Srinivas

    2016-01-01

    Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) is a fibrin meshwork, in which platelet cytokines, growth factors, and cells are entrapped and discharged after a period and can serve as a resorbable film. PRF is the next generation of platelet concentrates equipped to improve arrangement without biochemical blood handling; PRF is an evolution of the fibrin adhesive, which is widely used in the oral surgery. The guidelines of this innovation depend on concentrating platelets and growth factors in a plasma medium, and initiating them in a fibrin gel, keeping in mind the end goal to enhance the healing of wounds. Maxillary bone loss requires numerous regenerative techniques: as a supplement to the procedures of tissue regeneration, a platelet concentrate called PRF was tested for the 1st time in France by Dr. Choukroun. This article enriches the benefits and role of plasma-rich fibrin in oral surgery. Platelet-concentrate fibrin is an evolution of the fibrin glue, which is widely used in the oral surgery. PMID:27829743

  1. Role of plasma-rich fibrin in oral surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K Retna Kumar

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF is a fibrin meshwork, in which platelet cytokines, growth factors, and cells are entrapped and discharged after a period and can serve as a resorbable film. PRF is the next generation of platelet concentrates equipped to improve arrangement without biochemical blood handling; PRF is an evolution of the fibrin adhesive, which is widely used in the oral surgery. The guidelines of this innovation depend on concentrating platelets and growth factors in a plasma medium, and initiating them in a fibrin gel, keeping in mind the end goal to enhance the healing of wounds. Maxillary bone loss requires numerous regenerative techniques: as a supplement to the procedures of tissue regeneration, a platelet concentrate called PRF was tested for the 1st time in France by Dr. Choukroun. This article enriches the benefits and role of plasma-rich fibrin in oral surgery. Platelet-concentrate fibrin is an evolution of the fibrin glue, which is widely used in the oral surgery.

  2. Combination of platelet rich fibrin, hydroxyapatite and PRF membrane in the management of large inflammatory periapical lesion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vasundara Yayathi Shivashankar

    2013-01-01

    On the basis of the results obtained in our case report, we hypothesize that the use of PRF in conjunction with HA crystals might have accelerated the resorption of the graft crystals and would have induced the rapid rate of bone formation.

  3. Effects of the breed, sex and age on cellular content and growth factor release from equine pure-platelet rich plasma and pure-platelet rich gel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giraldo Carlos E

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background There is no information on the effects of the breed, gender and age on the cellular content and growth factor (GF release from equine pure-platelet rich plasma (P-PRP and pure-platelet rich gel (P-PRG. The objectives of this study were: 1 to compare the cellular composition of P-PRP with whole blood and platelet poor plasma (PPP; 2 to compare the concentration of transforming GF beta 1 (TGF-β1 and platelet derived GF isoform BB (PDGF-BB between P-PRP treated with non-ionic detergent (P-PRP+NID, P-PRG (activated with calcium gluconate -CG-, PPP+NID, PPP gel (PPG, and plasma and; 3 to evaluate and to correlate the effect of the breed, gender and age on the cellular and GF concentration for each blood component. Forty adult horses, 20 Argentinean Creole Horses (ACH and, 20 Colombian Creole Horses (CCH were included. Data were analyzed by parametric (i.e.: t-test, one way ANOVA and non parametric (Kruskal-Wallis test, Wilcoxon test tests. Correlation analysis was also performed by using the Spearman and Pearson tests. A p ≤ 0.05 was set as significant for all tests. All the blood components were compared for platelet (PLT, leukocyte (WBC, TGF-β1 and PDGF-BB concentrations. The effect of the breed, gender and age on these variables was analyzed. A P ≤ 0.05 was accepted as significant for all the tests. Results PLT counts were 1.8 and 0.6 times higher in P-PRP than in whole blood and PPP, respectively; WBC counts were 0.5 and 0.1 times lower in P-PRP, in comparison with whole blood and PPP, respectively. TGF-β1 and PDGF-BB concentrations were 2.3 and 262 times higher, respectively, in P-PRG than in plasma, and 0.59 and 0.48 times higher, respectively, in P-PRG than in PPG. P-PRG derived from CCH females or young horses presented significantly (P Conclusions Our results indicated that P-PRP obtained by a manual method was affected by intrinsic factors such as the breed, gender and age. Equine practitioners should be

  4. Adipose-derived stem cells and platelet-rich plasma: the keys to functional periodontal tissue engineering.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tobita, Morikuni; Mizuno, Hiroshi

    2013-09-01

    Numerous different types of periodontal tissue regeneration therapies have been developed clinically with variable outcomes and serious limitations. A key goal of periodontal therapy is to regenerate the destroyed periodontal tissues including alveolar bone, cementum and periodontal ligament. The critical factors in attaining successful periodontal tissue regeneration are the correct recruitment of cells to the site and the production of a suitable extra cellular matrix consistent with the periodontal tissues. Adipose tissue, from which mesenchymal stem cells can be harvested easily and safely, is an especially attractive stem cell source, because adipose-derived stem cells have a strong potential for cell differentiation and growth factor secretion. Meanwhile, the usefulness of platelet-rich plasma in the field of dental surgery has attracted attention. Therapeutic effects of platelet-rich plasma are believed to occur through the provision of concentrated levels of platelet-derived growth factors. Further, recent reports suggested the effect of platelet-rich plasma on mesenchymal stem cell proliferation, differentiation and survival rate. Therefore, the admixture of mesenchymal stem cells and platelet-rich plasma may indicate the great potential for tissue regenerations including periodontal tissue regeneration. In this review, the potential of adipose-derived stem cells and platelet-rich plasma is introduced. Of particular interest, the usefulness in periodontal tissue regeneration and future perspective is discussed.

  5. Effect of Platelet-Rich Plasma on CCl4-Induced Chronic Liver Injury in Male Rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zahra Hesami

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Platelet-rich plasma (PRP has been of great concern to the scientists and doctors who are involved in wound healing and regenerative medicine which focuses on repairing and replacing damaged cells and tissues. Growth factors of platelet-rich plasma are cost-effective, available, and is more stable than recombinant human growth factors. Given these valuable properties, we decided to assess the effect of PRP on CCl4-induced hepatotoxicity on rats. The rats received CCl4 (1 mL/kg, i.p. 1 : 1 in olive oil twice per week for 8 weeks. Five weeks after CCl4 injection, the rats also received PRP (0.5 mL/kg, s.c. two days a week for three weeks. Twenty-four hours after last CCl4 injection, the animals bled and their livers dissected for biochemical and histopathological studies. Blood analysis was performed to evaluate enzyme activity. The results showed that PRP itself was not toxic for liver and could protect the liver from CCl4-induced histological damages and attenuated oxidative stress by increase in glutathione content and decrease in lipid peroxidative marker of liver tissue. The results of the present study lend support to our beliefs in hepatoprotective effects of PRP.

  6. CLINICAL RESULTS FROM THE TREATMENT OF CHRONIC SKIN WOUNDS WITH PLATELET RICH PLASMA (PRP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pencho Kossev

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available PURPOSE: To show platelet rich plasma (PRP application of chronic skin wounds and to evaluate the results from the treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 14 patients with problematic skin wounds had been treated at the clinic for a period of five years (from May 2009 to December 2014 with the following patient sex ratio: male patients - 5 and female patients - 9. Average age - 48,5 (30-76. Patients with Type 2 Diabetes - 4, with decubitus ulcers - 6, traumatic - 8, with infection - 5. Based on a scheme developed by us, all cases were treated by administering platelet-rich plasma, derived by PRGF Endoret system. Follow-up period was within 4 - 6 months (4,5 on average. RESULTS: The results have been evaluated based on the following functional scoring systems - Total wound score, Total anatomic score and Total score (20. The baseline values at the very beginning of the follow-up period were as follows: Total wound score - 12 p.; Total anatomic score - 10 p., Total score - 17 p. By the end of the treatment period the score was 0 p., which means excellent results, i.e. complete healing of the wounds. CONCLUSION: We believe that the application of PRP may become optimal therapy in the treatment of difficult to heal wounds around joints, bone, subject tendons, plantar surface of the foot, etc., as it opens new perspectives in the field of human tissue regeneration.

  7. Biodegradable electrospun nanofibers coated with platelet-rich plasma for cell adhesion and proliferation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Diaz-Gomez, Luis [Departamento de Farmacia y Tecnología Farmacéutica, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, 15872 Santiago de Compostela (Spain); Instituto de Ortopedia y Banco de Tejidos Musculoesqueléticos, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, 15872 Santiago de Compostela (Spain); Alvarez-Lorenzo, Carmen, E-mail: carmen.alvarez.lorenzo@usc.es [Departamento de Farmacia y Tecnología Farmacéutica, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, 15872 Santiago de Compostela (Spain); Concheiro, Angel [Departamento de Farmacia y Tecnología Farmacéutica, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, 15872 Santiago de Compostela (Spain); Silva, Maite [Instituto de Ortopedia y Banco de Tejidos Musculoesqueléticos, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, 15872 Santiago de Compostela (Spain); Dominguez, Fernando [Fundación Publica Galega de Medicina Xenómica, Santiago de Compostela (Spain); Sheikh, Faheem A.; Cantu, Travis; Desai, Raj; Garcia, Vanessa L. [Department of Chemistry, University of Texas Pan American, Edinburg, TX 78541 (United States); Macossay, Javier, E-mail: jmacossay@utpa.edu [Department of Chemistry, University of Texas Pan American, Edinburg, TX 78541 (United States)

    2014-07-01

    Biodegradable electrospun poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) scaffolds were coated with platelet-rich plasma (PRP) to improve cell adhesion and proliferation. PRP was obtained from human buffy coat, and tested on human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) to confirm cell proliferation and cytocompatibility. Then, PRP was adsorbed on the PCL scaffolds via lyophilization, which resulted in a uniform sponge-like coating of 2.85 (S.D. 0.14) mg/mg. The scaffolds were evaluated regarding mechanical properties (Young's modulus, tensile stress and tensile strain), sustained release of total protein and growth factors (PDGF-BB, TGF-β1 and VEGF), and hemocompatibility. MSC seeded on the PRP–PCL nanofibers showed an increased adhesion and proliferation compared to pristine PCL fibers. Moreover, the adsorbed PRP enabled angiogenesis features observed as neovascularization in a chicken chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) model. Overall, these results suggest that PRP–PCL scaffolds hold promise for tissue regeneration applications. - Highlights: • Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) can be adsorbed on electrospun fibers via lyophilization. • PRP coating enhanced mesenchymal stem cell adhesion and proliferation on scaffolds. • PRP-coated scaffolds showed sustained release of growth factors. • Adsorbed PRP provided angiogenic features. • PRP-poly(ε-caprolactone) scaffolds hold promise for tissue regeneration applications.

  8. Platelet-rich Preparation may serve as a Powerful Tool for Therapeutic Dental Pulp Regeneration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hai-Hua Sun

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Regeneration of dental pulp tissues presents one of the most challenging issues in regenerative dentistry due to their extremely poor intrinsic ability for self-healing and re-growth.The hypothesis: We hypothes-ize that patient-derived platelet-rich preparation can be used in clinical endodontic regenerative procedure, serving as a powerful tool for therapeutic dental pulp regeneration.Evaluation of the hypothesis: The cell transplantation does not always obtain the good result because of the low survival rate of transplanted cells. In addition, the use of ex vivo manipulated cell products faces many translational hurdles in treating non-vital disease. Recently, the body cells are focused as a potential source for therapeutics. Some researchers have demonstrated that endogenous stem cells may be recruited to a desired anatomic site pharma-cologically. This is spurring interest in developing new generation of biomaterials that incorporate and release selected powerful extracellular influences in a near-physiological fashion, and subsequently capture endogenous stem cells and influence their fates for regene-ration. The use of patient-derived products such as platelet-rich preparations that contain a multitude of endogenous growth factors and proteins is a clinically translatable biotechnology for this proposes. These simple and cost efficient procedures may have a potential impact in reducing the economic costs for standard medical treatments in regenerative endodontics.

  9. Heparin-conjugated poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) nanospheres enhance large-wound healing by delivering growth factors in platelet-rich plasma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    La, Wan-Geun; Yang, Hee Seok

    2015-04-01

    Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) contains many growth factors that are involved in tissue regeneration processes. For successful tissue regeneration, protein growth factors require a delivery vehicle for long-term and sustained release to a defect site in order to maintain their bioactivity. Previously, we showed that heparin-conjugated poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) nanospheres (HCPNs) can provide long-term delivery of growth factors with affinity for heparin. In this study, we hypothesize that treatment of a skin wound with a mixture of PRP and HCPNs would provide long-term delivery of several growth factors contained in PRP to promote the skin wound healing process with preservation of bioactivity. The release of platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB), contained in PRP, from HCPN with fibrin gel (FG) showed a prolonged release period versus a PRP mixture with FG alone (FG-PRP). Also, growth factors released from PRP with HCPN and FG showed sustained human dermal fibroblast growth for 12 days. Full-thickness skin wound treatment in mice with FG-HCPN-PRP resulted in much faster wound closure as well as dermal and epidermal regeneration at day 9 compared with treatment with FG-HCPN or FG-PRP. The enhanced wound healing using FG-HCPN-PRP may be due to the prolonged release not only of PDGF-BB but also of other growth factors in the PRP. The delivered growth factors accelerated angiogenesis at the wound site.

  10. Shoulder surgeon and autologous cellular regeneration - From bench to bed: Part one- the link between the human fibroblast, connective tissue disorders and shoulder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Du Toit Don

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The process of autologous cell regeneration (ACR is a facet of cell therapy and regenerative medicine. It is initiated when activated autologous platelet rich plasma alone (PRP, containing cytokines or growth factors, is injected into the dermis or other structure in order to initiate a regenerative or antiaging process. The recipients resident cells at the target zone are activated by biologically active growth factors, derived from the activated platelets in the PRP through a paracrine effect. The platelet gel that contains the fibrin and clumped platelets, releases growth factors that influences activation of macrophages and stem cells in the recipient site. Tissue regeneration is facilitated by stem cell proliferation and differentiation. The PRP that has sealant and wound healing properties, may shift the wound healing cascade to the left, thereby speeding up tissue regeneration and remodelling by the use of the recipients own plasma. Both the fibroblast and myofibroblast play key roles in the wound healing cascade. The fibroblast, of mesenchymal origin, plays a pivotal role in the formation of the extracellular matrix and deposition of collagen. A failure of organised fibroblast function results in important and disabling disease processes and conditions such as chronic ischaemic heart disease and remodelling of the heart, lung fibrosis, fibromatosis, solar aged-face, keloids, hypertrophic scar formation, nodular fasciitis, inguinal hernia, Dupuytren′s disease and scleroderma. More recent additions include frozen shoulder and the captured shoulder. In aesthetic medicine, one of the prime functions of fractional photothermolysis with lasers, intense pulsed light and radiofrequency devices, is to stimulate dermal fibroblast proliferation, by thermal energy thereby increasing collagen deposition which enhances facial rejuvenation. Platelet -rich plasma (REGENLAB PRP, REGENLAB-ACR possesses unique growth factors that stimulate, fibroblast

  11. Platelet-rich Plasma(PRP)在骨组织再生中的应用%Application of Platelet-rich Plasma(PRP) in bone regeneration

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘兴文

    2003-01-01

    在骨组织再生中,除了骨再生材料以外,生长因子也具有很重要的作用.目前对生长因子的研究较多,一些生长因子已经开始用于临床.但是由于外源性生长因子具有免疫原性,提取工艺复杂,价格昂贵,在临床上使用受到了一定的限制.Platelet-rich plasma(RPR)是富含多种自身性生长因子的集合体,具有多种生长因子复合,无免疫原性,不会引起交叉感染,制备、使用方便,价格低廉,易于为病人所接受,因而其研究和应用前景广阔.本文就PRP的生物学特性、制备及应用做一综述.

  12. Influence factors on application of platelet - rich plasma in promoting oral tissue regeneration%富血小板血浆促进口腔组织再生的影响因素

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任明明; 柳忠豪

    2011-01-01

    富血小板血浆(platelet—rich plasma,PRP)是通过离心自体全血而得到的含高浓度血小板的血浆,激活后能释放多种生长因子,不仅具有加速止血、封闭创面的特点,还能促进骨再生的速度,缩短治疗疗程,广泛应用于口腔颌面外科、骨科、烧伤整形科等的治疗.PRP体内最佳作用浓度、制取设备、凝血酶、各生长因子释放的顺序及相互作用等因素均制约着PRP作用的发挥.本文就目前有关PRP促进口腔组织再生的研究及其影响因素进行综述.%Platelet rich plasma (Platelet - rich plasma, PRP), which obtained by centrifugation of autologous whole blood, contains high concentration platelets. As could be activated to release a variety of growth factors, platelet rich plasma has not only the capacity of accelerating hemostasis and closure of wound characteristics, but also promoting bone regeneration speed and shortening the course of treatment. Therefore it has been widely used in oral and maxillofacial surgery, orthopaedics, department of burn and plastic surgery and other treatments. Some factors such as the best working concentration of PRP in vivo, extraction equipment,thrombin, and the releasing order as well as the interaction of growth factors in PRP have restricted the application of this biological material. We reviewed the disputes of the role of PRP in promoting oral tissue regeneration as well as the related factors influencing this process.

  13. Anti-aggregation action of ultraviolet irradiation on platelet-rich plasma in the presence of antioxidants

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roshchupkin, D.I.; Anosov, A.K.; Potapenko, A.Ya. (2nd Moscow Medical Institute, Moscow (USSR). Dept. of Biophysics)

    1983-05-01

    UV irradiation of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) results in the inhibition of ADP-induced platelet aggregation. This is accounted for by the long-living photoproducts formed in plasma. Platelets destroy these photoproducts in the dark after irradiation. Lipid antioxidants ..cap alpha..-tocopherol and BHT administered in PRP before irradiation reduce the anti-aggregation effect of UV light. Lipid photo-peroxidation is supposed to be responsible for the anti-aggregation effect of UV irradiation on platelet-rich plasma.

  14. Anti-aggregation action of ultraviolet irradiation on platelet-rich plasma in the presence of antioxidants

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roshchupkin, D.I.; Anosov, A.K.; Potapenko, A.Ya. (2nd Moscow Medical Institute, Moscow (USSR). Dept. of Biophysics)

    1983-05-01

    UV irradiation of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) results in the inhibition of ADP-induced platelets aggregation. This is accounted for by the long-living photoproducts formed in plasma. Platelets destruct these photoproducts in the dark after irradiation. Lipid antioxidants ..cap alpha..-tocopherol and BHT administered in PRP before irradiation reduce the anti-aggregation effect of UV light. Lipid photo-peroxidation is supposed to be responsible for the anti-aggregation effect of UV irradiation on platelet-rich plasma.

  15. European definitions, current use, and EMA stance of platelet-rich plasma in sports medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fiorentino, Stefano; Roffi, Alice; Filardo, Giuseppe; Marcacci, Maurilio; Kon, Elizaveta

    2015-02-01

    Platelet-rich plasma has been the focus of much attention over the last few years as an appealing biological approach to favor the healing of tissues otherwise doomed by a low healing potential. In Europe, the regulatory framework concerning the blood system is currently disciplined by Directive 2002/98/EC of the European Parliament and Council of January 27, 2003, which sets out quality and safety rules for collecting, controlling, processing, preserving, and distributing human blood and its components, acknowledged in the various States of the Union with internal regulations. This lack of homogeneity in the European legal landscape will probably lead the Community legislature to intervene in the near future, to even out the "rules of engagement" of this peculiar class of biomaterials.

  16. Safety and efficient ex vivo expansion of stem cells using platelet-rich plasma technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anitua, Eduardo; Prado, Roberto; Orive, Gorka

    2013-09-01

    The goal of this Review is to provide an overview of the cell culture media supplements used in the ex vivo expansion of stem cells intended for cell therapy. Currently, the gold standard is the culture supplemented with fetal bovine serum, however, their use in cell therapy raises many concerns. The alternatives to its use are presented, ranging from the use of human serum to platelet-rich plasma (PRP), to serum-free media or extracellular matrix components. Finally, various growth factors present in PRP are described, which make it a safe and effective stem cell expansion supplement. These growth factors could be responsible for their efficiency, as they increase both stem cell proliferation and survival. The different PRP formulations are also discussed, as well as the need for protocol standardization.

  17. Effectiveness of platelet-rich plasma in healing necrobiosis lipoidica diabeticorum ulcers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Motolese, A; Vignati, F; Antelmi, A; Saturni, V

    2015-01-01

    Necrobiosis lipoidica diabeticorum (NLD) is a chronic condition, which is characterized by single or multiple lesions on the legs, and occurs in 0.3% of patients with diabetes. Recently, platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has been used in several clinical settings to promote sustained healing and better outcome. We propose the use of PRP for the treatment of NLD-associated recalcitrant wounds. In this study, 15 patients were treated with homologous PRP; all showed marked enhancement in wound healing without any adverse effects. After PRP application, advanced dressings were used until closure of the lesion was obtained, which was complete for all our patients. We therefore propose the use of PRP for recalcitrant wounds in patients with NLD.

  18. Tendinopathies and platelet-rich plasma (PRP: from pre-clinical experiments to therapeutic use

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kaux JF

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: The restorative properties of platelets, through the local release of growth factors, are used in various medical areas. This article reviews fundamental and clinical research relating to platelet-rich plasma applied to tendinous lesions. Materials and method: Articles in French and English, published between 1 January 2012 and 31 December 2014. dealing with PRP and tendons were searched for using the Medline and Scopus data bases. Results: Forty-seven articles were identified which addressed pre-clinical and clinical studies: 27 relating to in vitro and in vivo animal studies and 20 relating to human studies. Of these, five addressed lateral epicondylitis, two addressed rotator cuff tendinopathies, ten dealt with patellar tendinopathies and three looked at Achilles tendinopathies. Conclusions: The majority of pre-clinical studies show that PRP stimulates the tendon's healing process. However, clinical series remain more controversial and level 1, controlled, randomised studies are still needed.

  19. Platelet-rich plasma for resistant oral erosions of pemphigus vulgaris: A pilot study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    EL-Komy, Mohamed Hussein Medhat; Hassan, Akmal Saad; Abdel Raheem, Heba Mohammed; Doss, Sally Sameh; EL-Kaliouby, Mona; Saleh, Noha Adly; Saleh, Marwah Adly

    2015-01-01

    Oral erosions and ulcers of pemphigus vulgaris (PV) are a debilitating condition that is usually difficult to treat. The wound healing properties of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) encouraged us to evaluate its usefulness in treatment of non-healing oral PV lesions. Seven patients with chronic oral PV, resistant to conventional therapy, were treated with weekly to monthly injections of PRP of affected mucosal membranes. All recruits reported improvement in pain and mastication and 6 of 7 patients had an improvement in pemphigus disease area index scores with PRP treatment. PRP injections seems to accelerate the healing process and decrease the pain and eating discomfort associated with the oral erosions and ulcers induced by PV.

  20. Does platelet-rich plasma deserve a role in the treatment of tendinopathy?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nourissat, Geoffroy; Ornetti, Paul; Berenbaum, Francis; Sellam, Jérémie; Richette, Pascal; Chevalier, Xavier

    2015-07-01

    Although tendinopathies constitute a heterogeneous group of conditions, they are often treated by similar combinations of local and systemic symptomatic interventions. The vast number of causes, pathophysiological mechanisms, and histological changes that characterizes tendinopathies may explain that the standard treatment fails in some patients. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP), which contains a host of soluble mediators including growth factors, has been suggested as a second-line treatment for refractory tendinopathy, with the goal of expediting tendon healing or remodeling. Here, we report a systematic literature review of basic research data from humans and animals that support the clinical use of PRP in tendinopathies and of clinical studies in the most common tendinopathies (elbow, knee, shoulder, and Achilles tendon). Our objective is to clarify the role for this new injectable treatment, which is garnering increasing attention. The level of evidence remains low, as few well-designed randomized controlled trials have been published. The available scientific evidence does not warrant the use of PRP for the first-line treatment of tendinopathy. PRP therapy may deserve consideration in specific tendinopathy subtypes, after failure of ultrasound-guided corticosteroid injections. Nevertheless, further studies are needed to define these potential indications and the optimal treatment protocols. A key point is that the complexity of the tendon healing process cannot be replicated simply by injecting a subset of growth factors, whose effects may occur in opposite directions over time. Topics not discussed in this review are the regulatory framework for PRP therapy, PRP nomenclature, and precautions for use, which are described in a previous article (Does platelet-rich plasma have a role in the treatment of osteoarthritis, Ornetti P, et al. [1]).

  1. Classical scrapie prions in ovine blood are associated with B lymphocytes and platelet-rich plasma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dassanayake Rohana P

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Classical scrapie is a naturally occurring transmissible spongiform encephalopathy of sheep and goats characterized by cellular accumulation of abnormal isoforms of prion protein (PrPSc in the central nervous system and the follicles of peripheral lymphoid tissues. Previous studies have shown that the whole blood and buffy coat blood fraction of scrapie infected sheep harbor prion infectivity. Although PrPSc has been detected in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs, plasma, and more recently within a subpopulation of B lymphocytes, the infectivity status of these cells and plasma in sheep remains unknown. Therefore, the objective of this study was to determine whether circulating PBMCs, B lymphocytes and platelets from classical scrapie infected sheep harbor prion infectivity using a sheep bioassay. Results Serial rectal mucosal biopsy and immunohistochemistry were used to detect preclinical infection in lambs transfused with whole blood or blood cell fractions from preclinical or clinical scrapie infected sheep. PrPSc immunolabeling was detected in antemortem rectal and postmortem lymphoid tissues from recipient lambs receiving PBMCs (15/15, CD72+ B lymphocytes (3/3, CD21+ B lymphocytes (3/3 or platelet-rich plasma (2/3 fractions. As expected, whole blood (11/13 and buffy coat (5/5 recipients showed positive PrPSc labeling in lymphoid follicles. However, at 549 days post-transfusion, PrPSc was not detected in rectal or other lymphoid tissues in three sheep receiving platelet-poor plasma fraction. Conclusions Prion infectivity was detected in circulating PBMCs, CD72+ pan B lymphocytes, the CD21+ subpopulation of B lymphocytes and platelet-rich plasma of classical scrapie infected sheep using a sheep bioassay. Combining platelets with B lymphocytes might enhance PrPSc detection levels in blood samples.

  2. Effects of platelet-rich plasma, adipose-derived stem cells, and stromal vascular fraction on the survival of human transplanted adipose tissue.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Deok-Yeol; Ji, Yi-Hwa; Kim, Deok-Woo; Dhong, Eun-Sang; Yoon, Eul-Sik

    2014-11-01

    Traditional adipose tissue transplantation has unpredictable viability and poor absorption rates. Recent studies have reported that treatment with platelet-rich plasma (PRP), adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs), and stromal vascular fraction (SVF) are related to increased survival of grafted adipose tissue. This study was the first simultaneous comparison of graft survival in combination with PRP, ASCs, and SVF. Adipose tissues were mixed with each other, injected subcutaneously into the back of nude mice, and evaluated at 4, 8, and 12 weeks. Human adipocytes were grossly maintained in the ASCs and SVF mixtures. Survival of the adipose tissues with PRP was observed at 4 weeks and with SVF at 8 and 12 weeks. At 12 weeks, volume reduction in the ASCs and SVF mixtures were 36.9% and 32.1%, respectively, which were significantly different from that of the control group without adjuvant treatment, 51.0%. Neovascular structures were rarely observed in any of the groups. Our results suggest that the technique of adding ASCs or SVF to transplanted adipose tissue might be more effective than the conventional grafting method. An autologous adipose tissue graft in combination with ASCs or SVF may potentially contribute to stabilization of engraftment.

  3. Topical allogeneic platelet-rich plasma treatment for a massive cutaneous lesion induced by disseminated intravascular coagulation in a toy breed dog.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chung, Tae-Ho; Baek, Dae-Seung; Kim, Namjung; Park, Jin-Ho; Park, Chul

    2015-01-01

    A 2-year-old intact female miniature Pinscher weighing 1.7 kg with a body condition score of 2/5 was presented for acute vomiting, lethargy for 2 days, and large petechial skin lesions on the hip region including the tail. Acute pancreatitis was diagnosed by clinical signs, strong positive cPLI test, laboratory test and ultrasound appearance. While the clinical signs associated with acute pancreatitis had improved in 3-5 days, lesion of petechial appeared on the left hip region 7 days after the presentation, with a fast progression into a necrotic tissue along the left side hip. Allogenic platelet rich plasma (PRP) with Weibrich and Kleis method was administered to promote skin healing and regeneration. Gradual and complete improvement in the dog's wound lesions was noted approximately 1 month after applying allogeneic topical PRP. In this case report, allogeneic PRP was applied to a large regional cutaneous defect caused by coagulopathy induced by acute pancreatitis. Topical application of PRP in this case was unique in that allogeneic PRP was used instead of autologous PRP for the first time in cutaneous soft-tissue wound management in the veterinary medical field.

  4. Acceleration of Lung Regeneration by Platelet-Rich Plasma Extract through the Low-Density Lipoprotein Receptor-Related Protein 5-Tie2 Pathway.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mammoto, Tadanori; Chen, Zhao; Jiang, Amanda; Jiang, Elisabeth; Ingber, Donald E; Mammoto, Akiko

    2016-01-01

    Angiogenesis, the growth of new blood vessels, plays a key role in organ development, homeostasis, and regeneration. The cooperation of multiple angiogenic factors, rather than a single factor, is required for physiological angiogenesis. Recently, we have reported that soluble platelet-rich plasma (PRP) extract, which contains abundant angiopoietin-1 and multiple other angiogenic factors, stimulates angiogenesis and maintains vascular integrity in vitro and in vivo. In this report, we have demonstrated that mouse PRP extract increases phosphorylation levels of the Wnt coreceptor low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 5 (LRP5) and thereby activates angiogenic factor receptor Tie2 in endothelial cells (ECs) and accelerates EC sprouting and lung epithelial cell budding in vitro. PRP extract also increases phosphorylation levels of Tie2 in the mouse lungs and accelerates compensatory lung growth and recovery of exercise capacity after unilateral pneumonectomy in mice, whereas soluble Tie2 receptor or Lrp5 knockdown attenuates the effects of PRP extract. Because human PRP extract is generated from autologous peripheral blood and can be stored at -80°C, our findings may lead to the development of novel therapeutic interventions for various angiogenesis-related lung diseases and to the improvement of strategies for lung regeneration.

  5. Effect of platelet-rich plasma on the healing of mandibular defects treated with fresh frozen bone allograft: a radiographic study in dogs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Messora, Michel R; Nagata, Maria J H; Fucini, Stephen E; Pola, Natália M; Campos, Natália; de Oliveira, Guillermo C V; Bosco, Alvaro F; Garcia, Valdir G; Furlaneto, Flávia A C

    2014-10-01

    The purpose of this study was to radiographically analyze the effect of autologous platelet rich plasma (PRP) on the healing of fresh frozen bone allograft (FFBA) placed in surgically created resection defects in mandibles of dogs. Bilateral resection defects measuring 1.5 cm × 1 cm were surgically created on the inferior border of the mandible in 10 adult male dogs. The defects were randomly divided into three groups: C, FFBA, and FFBA/PRP. In Group C, the defect was filled by blood clot only. In Group FFBA, the defect was filled with particulate fresh frozen bone allograft. In Group FFBA/PRP, it was filled with particulate fresh frozen bone allograft combined with PRP. At 90 days postoperative, standardized radiographs of the mandibles were obtained and results were quantitatively evaluated. Analysis of digitized radiographs indicated that non-PRP grafts were significantly less dense than the PRP grafts. Group FFBA/PRP also presented a statistically greater mineralized tissue area than Groups C and FFBA. Within the limits of this study, it can be concluded that PRP enhanced the healing of FFBA in resection defects in mandibles of dogs.

  6. Reduction of pain via platelet-rich plasma in split-thickness skin graft donor sites: a series of matched pairs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John D. Miller

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In the past decade, autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP therapy has seen increasingly widespread integration into medical specialties. PRP application is known to accelerate wound epithelialization rates, and may also reduce postoperative wound site pain. Recently, we observed an increase in patient satisfaction following PRP gel (Angel, Cytomedix, Rockville, MD application to split-thickness skin graft (STSG donor sites. We assessed all patients known to our university-based hospital service who underwent multiple STSGs up to the year 2014, with at least one treated with topical PRP. Based on these criteria, five patients aged 48.4±17.6 (80% male were identified who could serve as their own control, with mean time of 4.4±5.1 years between operations. In both therapies, initial dressing changes occurred on postoperative day (POD 7, with donor site pain measured by Likert visual pain scale. Paired t-tests compared the size and thickness of harvested skin graft and patient pain level, and STSG thickness and surface area were comparable between control and PRP interventions (p>0.05 for all. Donor site pain was reduced from an average of 7.2 (±2.6 to 3 (±3.7, an average reduction in pain of 4.2 (standard error 1.1, p=0.0098 following PRP use. Based on these results, the authors suggest PRP as a beneficial adjunct for reducing donor site pain following STSG harvest.

  7. Autologous platelet-rich plasma compared with whole blood for the treatment of chronic plantar fasciitis; a comparative clinical trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Babak Vahdatpour

    2016-01-01

    Conclusions: Significant improvement in pain and function, as well as decrease in plantar fascia thickness, was observed by intralesional injection of the PRP and WB in patients with chronic PF. The study results indicate similar effectiveness between PRP and WB for the treatment of chronic PF in short-term.

  8. An exercise-based physical therapy program for patients with patellar tendinopathy after platelet-rich plasma injection

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Ark, Mathijs; van den Akker-Scheek, Inge; Meijer, L.T.B.; Zwerver, Hans

    2013-01-01

    Objectives: To describe a post platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injection, exercise-based physical therapy program, investigate feasibility and report the first results of patellar tendinopathy patients treated with PRP injection combined with the physical therapy program. Study Design: Case-series. Setti

  9. Platelet-rich plasma preparation using three devices : Implications for platelet activation and platelet growth factor release

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Everts, Peter A. M.; Mahoney, Christine Brown; Hoffmann, Johannes J. M. L.; Schonberger, Jacques P. A. M.; Box, Henk A. M.; Van Zundert, Andre; Knape, Johannes T. A.

    2006-01-01

    Background: In this study, three commercial systems for the preparation of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) were compared and platelet growth factors release was measured. Methods: Ten healthy volunteers donated whole blood that was fractionated by a blood cell separator, and a table-top centrifuge to pre

  10. The effect of platelet-rich plasma on early and late bone healing: an experimental study in goats.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mooren, R.E.C.M.; Merkx, M.A.W.; Bronkhorst, E.M.; Jansen, J.A.; Stoelinga, P.J.W.

    2007-01-01

    Four round critical-size defects were made in the foreheads of 20 goats. The defects were filled with autogenous particulate cancellous bone, in which 1 ml of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) was added in two of the four defects of each goat. The goats were divided into four subgroups of five goats each,

  11. The effects of platelet-rich plasma on recovery time and aesthetic outcome in facial rejuvenation : preliminary retrospective observations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Willemsen, Joep C N; van der Lei, Berend; Vermeulen, Karin M; Stevens, Hieronymus P J D

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: This study focused on the possible effect of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) on recovery time and aesthetic outcome after facial rejuvenation. We conducted a retrospective analysis with regard to recovery time and the aesthetic improvement after treatment among four groups of patients: those

  12. The bone regenerative effect of platelet-rich plasma in combination with an osteoconductive material in rat cranial defects.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Plachokova, A.S.; Dolder, J. van den; Stoelinga, P.J.W.; Jansen, J.A.

    2006-01-01

    The effect of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) on bone regeneration, in combination with an osteoconductive material, was evaluated in a rat model. Cranial defects, 6.2 mm in diameter, were filled with HA/beta-TCP particles, HA/beta-TCP particles combined with PRP and HA/beta-TCP particles combined with P

  13. 富血小板血浆(PRP)治疗技术及应用%Platelet Rich Plasma Therapy:Principles and Clinical Evaluation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕汝举; 刘美静

    2013-01-01

    富血小板血浆(platelet-rich plasma,PRP)是自体生长因子的来源,利用自体愈合机制治疗创面,用于组织修复,是外科领域一个全新的课题。PRP来源于自体血液,无免疫排斥和疾病传播风险,安全可靠。血小板内蕴含丰富的生长因子,可诱导和调节细胞分裂,分化和增殖,从而加速骨组织和软组织的自然愈合过程。本文主要综述了富血小板血浆的主要组成成分、作用机制、临床应用及富血小板血浆的最新研究进展。%PRP includes many sorts of growth factors and has been proved to be beneifcial to the maturation of both bone tissue and soft tissues, which is a new theapy in surgical ifeld. PRP is autologous and can be produced easily and safely from autologous blood, without the concerns of transmissions and immunological rejection of various diseases. Growth factors, from platelet, as natural biological mediator, mediate cellular proliferation, chemotaxis, differentiation and matrix synthesis, in which PRP enhanced both bone healing and soft tissue healing. This paper mainly reviewed the development and composition of PRP and mechanism so as to provide reference for the clinical application of PRP.

  14. A Review of Bioceramics and Fibrin Sealant

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    Le Guéhennec L.

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available This review focuses on bone substitute composites made by mixing ceramic biomaterials with fibrin sealants. Different biomaterials such as coral, bone-derived materials, bioactive glass ceramics, and synthetic calcium phosphate have been mixed with fibrin sealant, resulting in a combination of the biological properties of the two components. This type of association has not produced identical results in all studies. In the past for some, the addition of fibrin sealant to the biomaterial failed to produce any significant, positive effect on osteointegration, whereas others found a positive impact on bone colonization. Despite the negative biological effects reported previously, bioceramic-fibrin composites have been widely used in various types of bone surgery because they are easy to manipulate. In particular, the intra-operative preparation of these composites makes it possible to add bone growth factors or autologous osteoprogenitor cells prior to bone reconstruction. The bone growth factors and autologous osteoprogenitor cells associated with the bioceramic-fibrin composites should provide surgeons with tissue engineered grafts with enhanced osteointegrative properties. This review discusses both the advantages and disadvantages, as well as the future perspectives, of using bioceramic-fibrin composites in various clinical indications.

  15. An inside-out vein graft iflled with platelet-rich plasma for repair of a short sciatic nerve defect in rats

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ji Yeong Kim; Woo Joo Jeon; Dong Hwee Kim; Im Joo Rhyu; Young Hwan Kim; Inchan Youn; Jong Woong Park

    2014-01-01

    Platelet-rich plasma containing various growth factors can promote nerve regeneration. An in-side-out vein graft can substitute nerve autograft to repair short nerve defects. It is hypothesized that an inside-out vein graft iflled with platelet-rich plasma shows better effects in the repair of short sciatic nerve defects. In this study, an inside-out vein autograft iflled with platelet-rich plasma was used to bridge a 10 mm-long sciatic nerve defect in rats. The sciatic nerve function of rats with an inside-out vein autograft iflled with platelet-rich plasma was better improved than that of rats with a simple inside-out vein autograft. At 6 and 8 weeks, the sciatic nerve function of rats with an inside-out vein autograft filled with platelet-rich plasma was better than that of rats undergoing nerve autografting. Compared with the sciatic nerve repaired with a simple inside-out vein autograft, the number of myelinated axons was higher, axon diameter and myelin sheath were greater in the sciatic nerve repaired with an inside-out vein autograft iflled with platelet-rich plasma and they were similar to those in the sciatic nerve repaired with nerve autograft. These findings suggest that an inside-out vein graft filled with platelet-rich plasma can substitute nerve autograft to repair short sciatic nerve defects.

  16. Delayed animal aging through the recovery of stem cell senescence by platelet rich plasma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Hen-Yu; Huang, Chiung-Fang; Lin, Tzu-Chieh; Tsai, Ching-Yu; Tina Chen, Szu-Yu; Liu, Alice; Chen, Wei-Hong; Wei, Hong-Jian; Wang, Ming-Fu; Williams, David F; Deng, Win-Ping

    2014-12-01

    Aging is related to loss of functional stem cell accompanying loss of tissue and organ regeneration potentials. Previously, we demonstrated that the life span of ovariectomy-senescence accelerated mice (OVX-SAMP8) was significantly prolonged and similar to that of the congenic senescence-resistant strain of mice after platelet rich plasma (PRP)/embryonic fibroblast transplantation. The aim of this study is to investigate the potential of PRP for recovering cellular potential from senescence and then delaying animal aging. We first examined whether stem cells would be senescent in aged mice compared to young mice. Primary adipose derived stem cells (ADSCs) and bone marrow derived stem cells (BMSCs) were harvested from young and aged mice, and found that cell senescence was strongly correlated to animal aging. Subsequently, we demonstrated that PRP could recover cell potential from senescence, such as promote cell growth (cell proliferation and colony formation), increase osteogenesis, decrease adipogenesis, restore cell senescence related markers and resist the oxidative stress in stem cells from aged mice. The results also showed that PRP treatment in aged mice could delay mice aging as indicated by survival, body weight and aging phenotypes (behavior and gross morphology) in term of recovering the cellular potential of their stem cells compared to the results on aged control mice. In conclusion these findings showed that PRP has potential to delay aging through the recovery of stem cell senescence and could be used as an alternative medicine for tissue regeneration and future rejuvenation.

  17. Role of platelet-rich plasma in chronic alopecia areata: Our centre experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sukhbir Singh

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of platelet-rich plasma (PRP in the treatment of chronic alopecia areata (AA. Material and Methods: This is a prospective study that was conducted at Kamal Hospital, Kaushambi in which 20 patients who attended the outpatient department were enrolled for the study. All the patients had h/o patches and taken various line of treatments for a duration of 2 years. All the patients were biopsy-proven positive for AA disease. There was no randomisation done since all of them were healthy young adults. The patients′age ranged from 25 to 35 years, and none of them had any co-morbidities. Results: Of 20 patients, only one patient had a relapse. None of the patients had any side effects, and all of them tolerated the procedure well. Conclusion: We wish to conclude that PRP has a definite role in treating AA infections. However, still more long-term follow-up, studies are required for further validation of results and labelling it as a 100% cure for people suffering from AA with recurrences which are so common.

  18. Use of platelet-rich plasma in deep second- and third-degree burns.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Venter, Neil Grant; Marques, Ruy Garcia; Santos, Jeanine Salles Dos; Monte-Alto-Costa, Andréa

    2016-06-01

    Unfortunately burns are a common occurrence, leading to scarring or death. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) contains many growth factors that can accelerate wound healing. We analyzed the use of PRP in deep second-degree (dSD), deep second-degree associated with diabetes mellitus (dSDD), and third-degree (TD) burns in rats. Sixty syngeneic rats divided into three groups (dSD, dSDD, and TD) were burned, half receiving topical PRP and half being used as control; 10 additional rats per group were used for PRP preparation. On day 21, the animals were sacrificed and skin biopsies were collected. dSD and dSDD wounds treated with PRP showed faster wound closure, reduction in CD31-, CD68-, CD163-, MPO-, and in TGF-β-positive cells, and an increase in MMP2-positive cells. The neo-epidermis was thinner in the control of both the dSD and dSDD groups and granulation tissue was less reduced in the control of both the dSDD and TD groups. These results indicate that PRP can accelerate the healing process in dSD and dSDD, but not in TD burns.

  19. The Effects of Platelet-Rich Plasma on Halting the Progression in Porcine Intervertebral Disc Degeneration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cho, Hongsik; Holt, David C; Smith, Richard; Kim, Song-Ja; Gardocki, Raymond J; Hasty, Karen A

    2016-02-01

    Disc degeneration and the subsequent herniation and/or rupture of the intervertebral disc (IVD) are due to a failure of the extracellular matrix of the annulus to contain the contents of the nucleus. This results from inadequate maintenance of the matrix components as well as the proteolytic activity of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) that degrade matrix molecules. Arresting progression of disc degeneration in the annulus holds greater clinical potential at this point than prevention of its onset in the nucleus. Therefore, in this study, we have therapeutic aims that would decrease levels of the cytokines and growth factors that indirectly lead to disc degeneration via stimulating MMP and increase levels of several beneficial growth factors, such as transforming growth factor-β, with the addition of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) that would stimulate cell growth and matrix synthesis. For this study, we attempted to address these imbalances of metabolism by using tumor necrosis factor-α treated annulus fibrosus cells isolated from porcine IVD tissue and incubating the cells in a growth factor rich environment with PRP. These results indicate that the PRP in vitro increased the production of the major matrix components (type II collagen and aggrecan) and decreased the inhibitory collagenase MMP-1. This application will address a therapeutic approach for intervening early in the degenerative process.

  20. Prediction and optimization of the recovery rate in centrifugal separation of platelet-rich plasma (PRP)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piao, Linfeng; Park, Hyungmin; Jo, Chris

    2016-11-01

    We present a theoretical model of the recovery rate of platelet and white blood cell in the process of centrifugal separation of platelet-rich plasma (PRP). For the practically used conditions in the field, the separation process is modeled as a one-dimensional particle sedimentation; a quasi-linear partial differential equation is derived based on the kinematic-wave theory. This is solved to determine the interface positions between supernatant-suspension and suspension-sediment, used to estimate the recovery rate of the plasma. While correcting the Brown's hypothesis (1989) claiming that the platelet recovery is linearly proportional to that of plasma, we propose a new correlation model for prediction of the platelet recovery, which is a function of the volume of whole blood, centrifugal acceleration and time. For a range of practical parameters, such as hematocrit, volume of whole blood and centrifugation (time and acceleration), the predicted recovery rate shows a good agreement with available clinical data. We propose that this model is further used to optimize the preparation method of PRP that satisfies the customized case. Supported by a Grant (MPSS-CG-2016-02) through the Disaster and Safety Management Institute funded by Ministry of Public Safety and Security of Korean government.

  1. A high-throughput microfluidic approach for 1000-fold leukocyte reduction of platelet-rich plasma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xia, Hui; Strachan, Briony C.; Gifford, Sean C.; Shevkoplyas, Sergey S.

    2016-10-01

    Leukocyte reduction of donated blood products substantially reduces the risk of a number of transfusion-related complications. Current ‘leukoreduction’ filters operate by trapping leukocytes within specialized filtration material, while allowing desired blood components to pass through. However, the continuous release of inflammatory cytokines from the retained leukocytes, as well as the potential for platelet activation and clogging, are significant drawbacks of conventional ‘dead end’ filtration. To address these limitations, here we demonstrate our newly-developed ‘controlled incremental filtration’ (CIF) approach to perform high-throughput microfluidic removal of leukocytes from platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in a continuous flow regime. Leukocytes are separated from platelets within the PRP by progressively syphoning clarified PRP away from the concentrated leukocyte flowstream. Filtrate PRP collected from an optimally-designed CIF device typically showed a ~1000-fold (i.e. 99.9%) reduction in leukocyte concentration, while recovering >80% of the original platelets, at volumetric throughputs of ~1 mL/min. These results suggest that the CIF approach will enable users in many fields to now apply the advantages of microfluidic devices to particle separation, even for applications requiring macroscale flowrates.

  2. Does platelet-rich plasma have a role in the treatment of osteoarthritis?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ornetti, Paul; Nourissat, Geoffroy; Berenbaum, Francis; Sellam, Jérémie; Richette, Pascal; Chevalier, Xavier

    2016-01-01

    Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has been generating considerable attention as an intra-articular treatment to alleviate the symptoms of osteoarthritis. Activated platelets release a host of soluble mediators such as growth factors and cytokines, thereby inducing complex interactions that vary across tissues within the joint. In vivo, PRP may promote chondrocyte proliferation and differentiation. The available data are somewhat conflicting regarding potential effects on synovial cells and angiogenesis modulation. PRP probably exerts an early anti-inflammatory effect, which may be chiefly mediated by inhibition of the NF-κB pathway, a hypothesis that requires confirmation by proof-of-concept studies. It is far too early to draw conclusions about the efficacy of PRP as a treatment for hip osteoarthritis. The only randomized trial versus hyaluronic acid showed no significant difference in effects, and no placebo-controlled trials are available. Most of the randomized trials in knee osteoarthritis support a slightly greater effect in alleviating the symptoms compared to visco-supplementation, most notably at the early stages of the disease, although only medium-term data are available. Many uncertainties remain, however, regarding the best administration regimen. Serious adverse effects, including infections and allergies, seem rare, although post-injection pain is more common than with other intra-articular treatments for osteoarthritis.

  3. Platelet-rich plasma extract prevents pulmonary edema through angiopoietin-Tie2 signaling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mammoto, Tadanori; Jiang, Amanda; Jiang, Elisabeth; Mammoto, Akiko

    2015-01-01

    Increased vascular permeability contributes to life-threatening pathological conditions, such as acute respiratory distress syndrome. Current treatments for sepsis-induced pulmonary edema rely on low-tidal volume mechanical ventilation, fluid management, and pharmacological use of a single angiogenic or chemical factor with antipermeability activity. However, it is becoming clear that a combination of multiple angiogenic/chemical factors rather than a single factor is required for maintaining stable and functional blood vessels. We have demonstrated that mouse platelet-rich plasma (PRP) extract contains abundant angiopoietin (Ang) 1 and multiple other factors (e.g., platelet-derived growth factor), which potentially stabilize vascular integrity. Here, we show that PRP extract increases tyrosine phosphorylation levels of Tunica internal endothelial cell kinase (Tie2) and attenuates disruption of cell-cell junctional integrity induced by inflammatory cytokine in cultured human microvascular endothelial cells. Systemic injection of PRP extract also increases Tie2 phosphorylation in mouse lung and prevents endotoxin-induced pulmonary edema and the consequent decreases in lung compliance and exercise intolerance resulting from endotoxin challenge. Soluble Tie2 receptor, which inhibits Ang-Tie2 signaling, suppresses the ability of PRP extract to inhibit pulmonary edema in mouse lung. These results suggest that PRP extract prevents endotoxin-induced pulmonary edema mainly through Ang-Tie2 signaling, and PRP extract could be a potential therapeutic strategy for sepsis-induced pulmonary edema and various lung diseases caused by abnormal vascular permeability.

  4. Freeze-dried platelet-rich plasma shows beneficial healing properties in chronic wounds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pietramaggiori, Giorgio; Kaipainen, Arja; Czeczuga, Joshua M; Wagner, Christopher T; Orgill, Dennis P

    2006-01-01

    Fresh platelet concentrates are used in many centers to treat recalcitrant wounds. To extend the therapeutic shelf-life of platelets, we analyzed the wound-healing effects of fresh-frozen and freeze-dried (FD) platelet-rich plasma (PRP) using a diabetic mouse model. Db/db mice with 1.0 cm2 dorsal excisional wounds (n = 15/group) were treated with a single application of FD PRP (1.2 x 10(6) platelets/microL) with or without a stabilization solution, and compared with wounds treated with fresh-frozen, sonicated PRP, and untreated wounds. Granulation tissue area, thickness, and wound size were analyzed 9 days posttreatment. Immunostained sections were quantified for vascularity and proliferation using antiplatelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule I and antiproliferating cell nuclear antigen antibodies. The results showed that all PRP preparations increased granulation tissue formation as assessed by surface coverage, thickness, and angiogenic response, when compared with untreated wounds. In addition, wounds treated with FD PRP, and biochemically stabilized FD PRP, exhibited higher proliferative levels. The possibility to deliver growth factors using platelets, and the potential to extend the shelf-life of platelet concentrates makes freeze-drying methods particularly suitable for enhanced wound care.

  5. Diabetic foot ulcer treatment by activated platelet rich plasma: a clinical study

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    Tung Dang-Xuan Tran

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Diabetic foot ulcer is a major complication of diabetes mellitus. It occurred in about 15% of all diabetic patients. To date, the outcome of management of diabetic foot ulcer is poor and low sufficient. Some new therapies were suggested to manage and treat this disease. In almost therapies, management of diabetic foot ulcer relates to debridement of the wound, revascularization, off-loading of the ulcer, antibacterial actions, stimulating granulation, epidermization and angiogenesis. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of activated platelet rich plasma (aPRP on diabetic foot ulcer healing on volunteer patients. There were 6 patients enrolled in this study. All patients have non-healing foot ulcers. aPRP was isolated from peripheral blood and activated with calcium chloride. Patients were injected with aPRP two times with 14-day interval. All patients were monitored during 12 weeks. The results showed that 100% (6/6 ulcers completely closed after about 7 weeks. This result initially suggests that aPRP injection is efficient method to treat the non-healing foot ulcers. Level of evidence: IV [Biomed Res Ther 2014; 1(2.000: 37-42

  6. Application of platelet-rich plasma with stem cells in bone and periodontal tissue engineering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernandes, Gabriela; Yang, Shuying

    2016-01-01

    Presently, there is a high paucity of bone grafts in the United States and worldwide. Regenerating bone is of prime concern due to the current demand of bone grafts and the increasing number of diseases causing bone loss. Autogenous bone is the present gold standard of bone regeneration. However, disadvantages like donor site morbidity and its decreased availability limit its use. Even allografts and synthetic grafting materials have their own limitations. As certain specific stem cells can be directed to differentiate into an osteoblastic lineage in the presence of growth factors (GFs), it makes stem cells the ideal agents for bone regeneration. Furthermore, platelet-rich plasma (PRP), which can be easily isolated from whole blood, is often used for bone regeneration, wound healing and bone defect repair. When stem cells are combined with PRP in the presence of GFs, they are able to promote osteogenesis. This review provides in-depth knowledge regarding the use of stem cells and PRP in vitro, in vivo and their application in clinical studies in the future. PMID:28018706

  7. Histological evaluation of platelet rich plasma and hydroxiapatite in apexogenesis: Study on experimental animals

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    Danilović Vesna

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aim. There are very few data about the effects of endogenous growth factors in vital pulp therapy, and still they are often controversial. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of platelet rich plasma (PRP in conjugation with hydroxyapatite (HAP, as pulp capping materials, to root and periodontium formation. Methods. Eight young monkeys (Cercopithecus Aethiops with permanent dentition and incomplete root formation were involved in this study. After pulpotomy, the pulp lesion was capped with calcium hydroxide (control, hydroxyapatite (experimental group I or hydroxyapatite in conjugation with PRP (experimental group II. Six months later, the animals were sacrificed, the tissue was removed en block, and prepared for the histological analysis in a routine way. Results. The results of the histological analysis revealed that healing process was characterised by dentin bridge formation, maintained morphological and functional integrity of dental pulp and complete formation of dental root and surrounding periodontium. The inflammatory reaction was scored as mild to moderate, in almost all the samples in all groups, suggesting the biocompatibility of the used materials. Conclusion. Materials used in this study are convenient as capping agents, contributing maintaining the integrity of the pulp tissue and facilitating root and periodontium formation. According to histological data it could be suggested that hydroxyapatite in conjugation with endogenous growth factors, represents superior alternative to other materials used in this study.

  8. Safety assessment of bone marrow derived MSC grown in platelet-rich plasma

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    Shoji Fukuda

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The injection of endothelial progenitor cells and mononuclear cells derived from bone marrow at the ischemic region of peripheral artery disease patients is reported to be effective for therapeutic angiogenesis; however, these cell therapies require large amounts of bone marrow to obtain sufficient numbers of cells. To solve this problem, we attempted to culture bone-marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSC, which are supposed to secrete several cytokines that promote angiogenesis. We also focused on using platelet-rich plasma (PRP as a supplement for cell culture instead of fetal bovine serum. Human BM-MSC obtained from healthy volunteers expanded rapidly when cultured with 10% PRP prepared from their own blood. FACS analysis revealed that these cultured human MSC were homogeneous populations, and chromosomal analysis showed a normal karyotype. Moreover, the angiogenetic effect was apparent two weeks after human BM-MSC were injected into the ischemic muscle in SCID mice. Tumor formation was not detected three months after injection into SCID mice either subcutaneously or intramuscularly. To simulate clinical settings, canine BM-MSC were grown with canine PRP and injected into their ischemic muscles. We confirmed that donor cells existed in situ two and six weeks after operation without any side effects. These results suggest that cultured human BM-MSC can be a promising cell source for therapeutic angiogenesis.

  9. Bilateral quadriceps rupture: results with and without platelet-rich plasma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lanzetti, Riccardo Maria; Vadalà, Antonio; Morelli, Federico; Iorio, Raffaele; Ciompi, Alessandro; Vetrano, Mario; Argento, Giuseppe; Vulpiani, Maria Chiara; Di Sanzo, Vincenzo; Ferretti, Andrea

    2013-11-01

    This article presents a 46-year-old man with bilateral atraumatic quadriceps rupture that occurred while he was descending stairs. The patient underwent surgery the day after the accident. In the left knee, quadriceps reinsertion was performed using a conventional technique. In the right knee, platelet-rich plasma (PRP), both in its liquid and semisolid patterns, was added intraoperatively. Ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging evaluations were performed 1, 6, and 24 months postoperatively. At 6 and 24 months postoperatively, clinical and functional evaluations also were performed. Clinical examination showed no differences between the knees, and functional scores were the same for both knees. Ultrasonographic evaluation showed bilateral persistent tendon thickening and gross echotexture abnormalities, with no side-to-side differences. Magnetic resonance imaging showed signals of vascularized granulation tissue in both knees, which was more evident in the right (PRP) knee at 1 month postoperatively, along with a better signal of scar tissue in the right knee at 6 and 24 months postoperatively. The use of PRP yielded no better clinical or functional results than the lack of its use. However, a more intense and significant reparative healing process occurred where the PRP was used, thus suggesting a more rapid completion of the healing process, although this effect seems to remain only a radiographic finding with no clinical correlation.

  10. The effect of platelet rich plasma on angiogenesis in ischemic flaps in VEGFR2-luc mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sönmez, Tolga Taha; Vinogradov, Alexandra; Zor, Fatih; Kweider, Nisreen; Lippross, Sebastian; Liehn, Elisa Anamaria; Naziroglu, Mustafa; Hölzle, Frank; Wruck, Christoph; Pufe, Thomas; Tohidnezhad, Mersedeh

    2013-04-01

    To improve skin flap healing, one promising strategy in reconstructive surgery might be to optimize platelet rich plasma (PRP) bioactivity and the ischemia-altered expression of genes. We studied both the effect of PRP on ischemic flaps, and whether in vivo bioluminescence imaging (BLI) is a suitable method for the longitudinal monitoring of angiogenesis in surgical wounds. Axial murine skin flaps were created in four experimental groups. In vivo measurements of VEGFR2 expression levels were made every other day until the 14th day. The local VEGF level and microvessel density were quantified on the 14th day via ELISA and immunohistochemistry, and flap survival rates were measured. We demonstrated that PRP and induced ischemia have a beneficial influence on angiogenesis and flap healing. Combining the two resulted in a significantly robust increase in angiogenesis and flap survival rate that was corroborated by bioluminescence imaging of VEGFR2 activity. This study shows that angiogenic effects of PRP may be potentialized by the stimulus of induced ischemia during free flap harvesting, and thus the two procedures appear to have a synergistic effect on flap healing. This study further demonstrates that BLI of modulated genes in reconstructive surgery is a valuable model for longitudinal in vivo evaluation of angiogenesis.

  11. A high-throughput microfluidic approach for 1000-fold leukocyte reduction of platelet-rich plasma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xia, Hui; Strachan, Briony C; Gifford, Sean C; Shevkoplyas, Sergey S

    2016-10-24

    Leukocyte reduction of donated blood products substantially reduces the risk of a number of transfusion-related complications. Current 'leukoreduction' filters operate by trapping leukocytes within specialized filtration material, while allowing desired blood components to pass through. However, the continuous release of inflammatory cytokines from the retained leukocytes, as well as the potential for platelet activation and clogging, are significant drawbacks of conventional 'dead end' filtration. To address these limitations, here we demonstrate our newly-developed 'controlled incremental filtration' (CIF) approach to perform high-throughput microfluidic removal of leukocytes from platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in a continuous flow regime. Leukocytes are separated from platelets within the PRP by progressively syphoning clarified PRP away from the concentrated leukocyte flowstream. Filtrate PRP collected from an optimally-designed CIF device typically showed a ~1000-fold (i.e. 99.9%) reduction in leukocyte concentration, while recovering >80% of the original platelets, at volumetric throughputs of ~1 mL/min. These results suggest that the CIF approach will enable users in many fields to now apply the advantages of microfluidic devices to particle separation, even for applications requiring macroscale flowrates.

  12. Effects of platelet-rich plasma on lateral epicondylitis of the elbow: prospective randomized controlled trial

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    Evandro Pereira Palacio

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of platelet-rich plasma (PRP infiltration in patients with lateral epicondylitis of the elbow, through analysis of the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH and Patient-Rated Tennis Elbow Evaluation (PRTEE questionnaires. METHODS: Sixty patients with lateral epicondylitis of the elbow were prospectively randomized and evaluated after receiving infiltration of three milliliters of PRP, or 0.5% neocaine, or dexamethasone. For the scoring process, the patients were asked to fill out the DASH and PRTEE questionnaires on three occasions: on the day of infiltration and 90 and 180 days afterwards. RESULTS: Around 81.7% of the patients who underwent the treatment presented some improvement of the symptoms. The statistical tests showed that there was evidence that the cure rate was unrelated to the substance applied (p = 0.62. There was also intersection between the confidence intervals of each group, thus demonstrating that the proportions of patients whose symptoms improved were similar in all the groups. CONCLUSION: At a significance level of 5%, there was no evidence that one treatment was more effective than another, when assessed using the DASH and PRTEE questionnaires.

  13. Management of knee osteoarthritis by combined stromal vascular fraction cell therapy, platelet-rich plasma, and musculoskeletal exercises: a case series

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    Gibbs N

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Nathan Gibbs,1 Rod Diamond,2 Eric O Sekyere,3 Wayne D Thomas4 1South Sydney Sports Medicine, Kensington, 2Diamond Health Care, Kensington, 3Endeavour College of Natural Health, Sydney, 4Cell-Innovations Pty Ltd, Liverpool, NSW, Australia Introduction: Knee osteoarthritis is associated with persistent joint pain, stiffness, joint deformities, ligament damage, and surrounding muscle atrophy. The complexity of the disease makes treatment difficult. There are no therapeutic drugs available to halt the disease progression, leaving patients dependent on pain medication, anti-inflammatory drugs, or invasive joint replacement surgery. Case presentations: Four patients with a history of unresolved symptomatic knee osteoarthritis were investigated for the therapeutic outcome of combining an exercise rehabilitation program with intra-articular injections of autologous StroMed (ie, stromal vascular fraction cells concentrated by ultrasonic cavitation from lipoaspirate and platelet-rich plasma (PRP. The Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score questionnaire (KOOS was administered along with physical function tests over a 12-month period. The first patient achieved a maximum therapeutic outcome of 100 in all five KOOS subscales (left knee, and 100 for four subscales (right knee. The second patient scored 100 in all five KOOS subscales (left knee, and greater than 84 in all subscales (right knee. Treatment of the third patient resulted in improved outcomes in both knees of >93 for four KOOS subscales, and 60 for the Function in Sport and Recreation subscale. The fourth patient improved to 100 in all five KOOS subscales. In all patients, the physical function “Get-up and Go” test and “Stair Climbing Test” returned to normal (a value of zero. Conclusion: This case series indicates that improved outcomes may be obtained when autologous stromal vascular fraction (StroMed cell therapy is combined with traditional exercise practices and PRP for

  14. Effects of local application of platelet-rich plasma and guided tissue regeneration on stability of implants

    OpenAIRE

    Duka Miloš; Lazić Z.; Bubalo Marija; Tatić Z.; Đurđević D.; Matić Smiljana

    2010-01-01

    Osseointegration is a result of cellular migration, differentiation, bone formation, and bone remodelling on the surface of an implant. Each of these processes depends on platelets and blood coagulum. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is used to improve osseointegration and stability of implants. It is a blood fraction produced in a centrifuge which contains a high concentration of platelets. Platelets contain numerous growth factors which influence tissue reactions. The aim of the research is to te...

  15. Neotendon infilling of a full thickness rotator cuff foot print tear following ultrasound guided liquid platelet rich plasma injection and percutaneous tenotomy: favourable outcome up to one year

    OpenAIRE

    Arockia Doss

    2013-01-01

    This is a case report on excellent clinical outcome and neotendon infilling at one year follow up in a degenerative rotator cuff full thickness tear following percutaneous tenotomy and platelet rich plasma injection.

  16. Cytokine, chemokine, and growth factor profile of platelet-rich plasma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mussano, F; Genova, T; Munaron, L; Petrillo, S; Erovigni, F; Carossa, S

    2016-07-01

    During wound healing, biologically active molecules are released from platelets. The rationale of using platelet-rich plasma (PRP) relies on the concentration of bioactive molecules and subsequent delivery to healing sites. These bioactive molecules have been seldom simultaneously quantified within the same PRP preparation. In the present study, the flexible Bio-Plex system was employed to assess the concentration of a large range of cytokines, chemokines, and growth factors in 16 healthy volunteers so as to determine whether significant baseline differences may be found. Besides IL-1b, IL-1ra, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-12, IL-13, IL-17, INF-γ, TNF-α, MCP-1, MIP-1a, RANTES, bFGF, PDGF, and VEGF that were already quantified elsewhere, the authors reported also on the presence of IL-2, IL-5, IL-7, IL-9, IL-10, IL-15 G-CSF, GM-CSF, Eotaxin, CXCL10 chemokine (IP-10), and MIP 1b. Among the most interesting results, it is convenient to mention the high concentrations of the HIV-suppressive and inflammatory cytokine RANTES and a statistically significant difference between males and females in the content of PDGF-BB. These data are consistent with previous reports pointing out that gender, diet, and test system affect the results of platelet function in healthy subjects, but seem contradictory when compared to other quantification assays in serum and plasma. The inconsistencies affecting the experimental results found in literature, along with the variability found in the content of bioactive molecules, urge further research, hopefully in form of randomized controlled clinical trials, in order to find definitive evidence of the efficacy of PRP treatment in various pathologic and regenerative conditions.

  17. Effects of platelet-rich plasma on liver regeneration in CCl4-induced hepatotoxicity model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mafi, Afsaneh; Dehghani, Farzaneh; Moghadam, Abbas; Noorafshan, Ali; Vojdani, Zahra; Talaei-Khozani, Tahereh

    2016-12-01

    Numerous bioactive growth factors and cytokines in platelet-rich plasma (PRP) have recently made it an attractive biomaterial for therapeutic purposes. These growth factors have the potential to regenerate the injured tissues. The aim of this study was to investigate the therapeutic effects of PRP in hepatotoxic animal model. Hepatotoxicity was induced in rats by oral administration of 4 mL/kg/week of CCl4 diluted 1:1 in corn oil for 10 weeks. To confirm the hepatotoxicity, 24 h after the last CCl4 administration, blood samples were collected via cardiac puncture to assess the serum levels of alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase, albumin, total protein, and total bilirubin. Twenty-four hours after blood collection, the experimental animals received a single injection of PRP (1 mL) via the anterior mesenteric vein. One week later, all biochemical tests were performed again, and the rats were scarified and their livers were removed, prepared histologically, and stained. The stereological analyses were performed to evaluate the effects of PRP on histopathological features of CCl4-treated livers. The results were compared statistically with the corresponding control and CCl4+normal saline (NS)-treated animals. A significant decrease in the number and volume of hepatocytes (p = 0.01), and also a reduction in the volume of sinusoids (p = 0.001) and connective tissue (p = 0.04), were observed in the PRP-treated animals compared with the CCl4+NS-treated ones. Our findings demonstrated that application of PRP had beneficial effects on CCl4-induced fibrosis; however, it had detrimental effects on the total number of hepatocytes and the volume of hepatocytes and sinusoidal spaces.

  18. Distribution of Platelet-rich Plasma after Ultrasound-Guided Injection for Chronic Elbow Tendinopathies

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    Gi-Young Park, Dong Rak Kwon, Hee Kyung Cho, Jinyoung Park, Jung Hyun Park

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Characteristics of the spreads of platelet-rich plasma (PRP are not widely known despite commonly use. This study aims to evaluate whether PRP stays within the injected area by using ultrasonography, to improve understanding of the spreads of intratendinous injected PRP. Thirty-nine patients (15 males, 24 females; mean age, 49.3 years, who had symptoms on their elbows (> 6 months and diagnosed as lateral (25 elbows or medial (14 elbows tendinopathies of elbow, were included. The severity of tendon pathology was assessed by ultrasonography as tear or no tear. Immediately after ultrasound-guided PRP injection, ultrasound images were evaluated to assess the area of PRP distribution, which was defined as the presence of fluid or microbubbles. Ultrasound revealed that 13 elbows had tendon tear and 26 had no tear, respectively. Post-injection ultrasound confirmed the injected PRP was within the tendon in all cases. The mean distance of distribution from the injection site was 12.6 mm (5.0–26.0 mm. There was no difference in the distance of PRP distribution between tendon tear and no tear. Injected PRP spread to soft tissue outside the tendon in 20 of 39 cases. Intra-articular extension of PRP was observed in 5 cases. Although PRP remained intratendinous after the injection in all cases, some portion tended to spread outside from the injection site in a short space of time. Postinjection ultrasonographic imaging has a value for observing the spreading patterns of intratendinous PRP injection.

  19. Calcium Sulfate and Platelet-Rich Plasma make a novel osteoinductive biomaterial for bone regeneration

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    Intini Francesco E

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background With the present study we introduce a novel and simple biomaterial able to induce regeneration of bone. We theorized that nourishing a bone defect with calcium and with a large amount of activated platelets may initiate a series of biological processes that culminate in bone regeneration. Thus, we engineered CS-Platelet, a biomaterial based on the combination of Calcium Sulfate and Platelet-Rich Plasma in which Calcium Sulfate also acts as an activator of the platelets, therefore avoiding the need to activate the platelets with an agonist. Methods First, we tested CS-Platelet in heterotopic (muscle and orthotopic (bone bone regeneration bioassays. We then utilized CS-Platelet in a variety of dental and craniofacial clinical cases, where regeneration of bone was needed. Results The heterotopic bioassay showed formation of bone within the muscular tissue at the site of the implantation of CS-Platelet. Results of a quantitative orthotopic bioassay based on the rat calvaria critical size defect showed that only CS-Platelet and recombinant human BMP2 were able to induce a significant regeneration of bone. A non-human primate orthotopic bioassay also showed that CS-Platelet is completely resorbable. In all human clinical cases where CS-Platelet was used, a complete bone repair was achieved. Conclusion This study showed that CS-Platelet is a novel biomaterial able to induce formation of bone in heterotopic and orthotopic sites, in orthotopic critical size bone defects, and in various clinical situations. The discovery of CS-Platelet may represent a cost-effective breakthrough in bone regenerative therapy and an alternative or an adjuvant to the current treatments.

  20. Adult Cells Combined With Platelet-Rich Plasma for Tendon Healing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rubio-Azpeitia, Eva; Sánchez, Pello; Delgado, Diego; Andia, Isabel

    2017-01-01

    Background: The combination of cells with platelet-rich plasma (PRP) may fulfill tendon deficits and help overcome the limited ability of tendons to heal. Purpose: To examine the suitability of 3 human cell types in combination with PRP and the potential impact of the tenocyte-conditioned media (CM) to enhance tendon healing. Study Design: Controlled laboratory study. Methods: Tenocytes, bone marrow–derived mesenchymal stem cells, and skin fibroblasts were cultured in 3-dimensional PRP hydrogels supplemented or not with CM, and cell proliferation and migration were examined. The effect of tendon-derived CM on matrix-forming phenotype and secretion of inflammatory proteins was determined through their administration to mesenchymal stem cells, tendon, and skin fibroblasts by reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, respectively. Results: Differences were found in the matrix-forming phenotype between each of the cell types. The ratio of collagen I:collagen III was greater in bone marrow–derived mesenchymal stem cells than in skin fibroblasts and tenocytes. The bone marrow–derived mesenchymal stem cells expressed increased levels of cartilage-related genes than tenocytes or skin fibroblasts. The presence of the tenocyte-CM stimulated basic healing mechanisms including proliferation and chemotaxis in all cell types. In addition, the tenocyte-CM modified the matrix-forming phenotype of every cell type when cultured in PRP hydrogels. Each cell type secreted interleukin-6, interleukin-8, and monocyte chemotactic protein-1 in PRP hydrogels, but mesenchymal stem cells secreted less interleukin-8 and monocyte chemotactic protein-1 than tenocytes or skin fibroblasts. Conclusion: The tenocyte-CM combined with PRP stimulated tenogenesis in mesenchymal stem cells and in skin fibroblasts and reduced the secretion of inflammatory proteins. Clinical Relevance: Modifying the target tissue with PRP prior to cell

  1. Distribution of Platelet-rich Plasma after Ultrasound-Guided Injection for Chronic Elbow Tendinopathies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Gi-Young; Kwon, Dong Rak; Cho, Hee Kyung; Park, Jinyoung; Park, Jung Hyun

    2017-01-01

    Characteristics of the spreads of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) are not widely known despite commonly use. This study aims to evaluate whether PRP stays within the injected area by using ultrasonography, to improve understanding of the spreads of intratendinous injected PRP. Thirty-nine patients (15 males, 24 females; mean age, 49.3 years), who had symptoms on their elbows (> 6 months) and diagnosed as lateral (25 elbows) or medial (14 elbows) tendinopathies of elbow, were included. The severity of tendon pathology was assessed by ultrasonography as tear or no tear. Immediately after ultrasound-guided PRP injection, ultrasound images were evaluated to assess the area of PRP distribution, which was defined as the presence of fluid or microbubbles. Ultrasound revealed that 13 elbows had tendon tear and 26 had no tear, respectively. Post-injection ultrasound confirmed the injected PRP was within the tendon in all cases. The mean distance of distribution from the injection site was 12.6 mm (5.0–26.0 mm). There was no difference in the distance of PRP distribution between tendon tear and no tear. Injected PRP spread to soft tissue outside the tendon in 20 of 39 cases. Intra-articular extension of PRP was observed in 5 cases. Although PRP remained intratendinous after the injection in all cases, some portion tended to spread outside from the injection site in a short space of time. Postinjection ultrasonographic imaging has a value for observing the spreading patterns of intratendinous PRP injection. Key points This study aims to evaluate whether PRP stays within the injected area by using ultrasonography, to improve understanding of the spreads of intratendinous injected PRP. Although PRP remained intratendinous after the injection in all cases, some portion tended to spread outside from the injection site in a short space of time. PMID:28344444

  2. Inflammatory response in chronic degenerative endometritis mares treated with platelet-rich plasma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reghini, Maria Fernanda S; Ramires Neto, Carlos; Segabinazzi, Lorenzo G; Castro Chaves, Maria Manoela B; Dell'Aqua, Camila de Paula F; Bussiere, Maria Clara C; Dell'Aqua, José Antonio; Papa, Frederico O; Alvarenga, Marco Antonio

    2016-07-15

    Degenerative changes of the endometrium are directly related to age and fertility in mares. Chronic degenerative endometritis (CDE) is correlated with uterine fluid retention and reduced ability to clear uterine inflammation. Recent research in the areas of equine surgery and sports medicine has shown that platelet-rich plasma (PRP) treatment acts as an immunomodulator of the inflammatory response. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine if the uterine infusion of PRP could modulate the local inflammatory response and modify the intrauterine NO concentrations after artificial insemination (AI) in both normal mares and those with CDE. Thirteen mares with endometrium classified as grade III on the histology (mares with CDE) and eight mares with endometrial histological classification I or II-a normal mares were selected to investigate the effect of PRP therapy. The mares were inseminated with fresh semen in two consecutive cycles in a crossover study design. Thereby, each mare served as its own control and the treatment was performed with intrauterine PRP infusion four hours after AI. The percentage of neutrophils in uterine cytology (CIT, %), uterine fluid accumulation observed on ultrasonography (FLU, mm) and nitric oxide concentration of uterine fluid (NO, μM) were analyzed before and 24 hours after AI. The results reported that mares with CDE (CIT, 68.3 ± 3.27, FLU, 10.7 ± 1.61) have a higher (P inflammatory response after AI than normal mares (CIT, 24.4 ± 3.56, FLU, 0), but NO concentrations did not differ (P > 0.05) between categories of mares. In treated cycles with PRP, the intrauterine inflammatory response decrease (P inflammatory response to semen in mares with CDE but did not reduce NO concentrations in intrauterine fluid.

  3. Histological response to platelet-rich plasma added to polypropylene mesh implemented in rabbits

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    Oscar Rubini Ávila

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Introduction: The platelet-rich plasma (PRP is part of a set of biotechnologies, providing some growth factors that promote repair of different tissues. The polypropylene meshes (PPM are applied in the correction of abdominal defects, pelvic floor and urinary incontinence, however, they induce many significant complications, as a result of an inappropriate inflammatory response. Purpose: To investigate the changes caused by PRP associated with the implantation of PPM in the abdomen of female rabbits, in the production of collagen I and III and the inflammatory infiltrate (ININ. Materials and Methods: We performed implant meshes with and without PRP in adult rabbits (n=30 and euthanasia at 7, 30 and 90 days. Two plates were prepared from each animal and analyzed in five different fields. The ININ was evaluated by quantification of inflammatory cells using hematoxylin-eosin and the collagen by Sirius red method. The results were analyzed applying the Wilcoxon, Kruskal-Wallis, Junckheere and Friedmann tests. Results: There was a significant difference in the number of inflammatory cells between the groups with and without PRP (p=0.01 at 90 days. There was increased production of collagen I, III and total with the use of PRP, at seven days. Conclusion: The PPM coating with PRP was associated with increased ININ at the implant area, and an increasing trend during the process of tissue repair. The PPM coated with PRP was related to increased concentration of collagen I, collagen III and the concentration of total collagen increased after seven days of implantation.

  4. Partial cranial cruciate ligament tears treated with stem cell and platelet rich plasma combination therapy in 36 dogs: a retrospective study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sherman Canapp

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To evaluate outcomes in 36 dogs with a partial CCL tear treated with autologous bone marrow aspirate concentrate (BMAC or adipose derived progenitor cells (ADPC with platelet rich plasma (PRP combination.Materials and Methods: Medical records of client-owned dogs diagnosed with an early partial (≤50% tear of the craniomedial band of the CCL that were treated with BMAC-PRP or ADPC-PRP were reviewed from 2010-2015. Signalment, medical history, physical and orthopedic examination, objective temporospatial gait analyses, radiographs, day 0 and day 90 diagnostic arthroscopy findings, treatment, and outcome were among the data collected. A functional owner questionnaire, including the validated Helsinki chronic pain index (HCPI, was sent to owners whose dog was known to not have had a TPLO. Statistical analysis was performed on data, where significance was established at p50% CCL tear and a TPLO was performed. Four additional dogs were known to have had a TPLO performed elsewhere. Baseline and day 90 post treatment objective gait analyses were available on 11 of the 36 dogs. A significant difference was found between the treated limb TPI% at day 0 and day 90 (p=0.0124, and between the treated limb and contralateral limb TPI% at day 0 (p=0.0003. No significant difference was found between the treated limb and contralateral limb TPI% at day 90 (p=0.7466. Twelve questionnaires were returned, of which 8 were performance/sporting dogs. Seven of the 8 had returned to sport; the remaining dog had just begun a return to sport conditioning program 6 months post treatment. All 12 respondents believed their dog had an excellent or very good quality of life, and rated their dog’s procedural outcome as excellent or good.Conclusion: The use of BMAC-PRP and ADPC-PRP shows promise for the treatment of early partial CCL tears in dogs.

  5. Effects of administration of adipose-derived stromal vascular fraction and platelet-rich plasma to dogs with osteoarthritis of the hip joints.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Upchurch, David A; Renberg, Walter C; Roush, James K; Milliken, George A; Weiss, Mark L

    2016-09-01

    OBJECTIVE To evaluate effects of simultaneous intra-articular and IV injection of autologous adipose-derived stromal vascular fraction (SVF) and platelet-rich plasma (PRP) to dogs with osteoarthritis of the hip joints. ANIMALS 22 client-owned dogs (12 placebo-treated [control] dogs and 10 treated dogs). PROCEDURES Dogs with osteoarthritis of the hip joints that caused signs of lameness or discomfort were characterized on the basis of results of orthopedic examination, goniometry, lameness score, the Canine Brief Pain Inventory (CBPI), a visual analogue scale, and results obtained by use of a pressure-sensing walkway at week 0 (baseline). Dogs received a simultaneous intraarticular and IV injection of SVF and PRP or a placebo. Dogs were examined again 4, 8, 12, and 24 weeks after injection. RESULTS CBPI scores were significantly lower for the treatment group at week 24, compared with scores for the control group. Mean visual analogue scale score for the treatment group was significantly higher at week 0 than at weeks 4, 8, or 24. Dogs with baseline peak vertical force (PVF) in the lowest 25th percentile were compared, and the treatment group had a significantly higher PVF than did the control group. After the SVF-PRP injection, fewer dogs in the treated group than in the control group had lameness confirmed during examination. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE For dogs with osteoarthritis of the hip joints treated with SVF and PRP, improvements in CBPI and PVF were evident at some time points, compared with results for the control group.

  6. Experimental study on autologous of rabbit adipose - derived stem cells transplantation%兔脂肪干细胞增强脂肪移植效果的实验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨涛; 杨勇; 王艳; 胡晓光

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To establish an animal model for the injectable transPlantation fat tissue transPlantation and to investigate the morPhological changes of rejection after ear transPlantation in rabbit. Methods:All 24 healthy New Zealand white rabbits were divided into four grouPs randomly. The autologous adiPose granule(AG)were imPlanted in the ears of the rabbits as the exPeriment grouP A(n = 6). The autologous adiPose granule(AG)combined with Platelet - rich fibrin(PRF)were imPlanted in ears as the exPeriment grouP B(n = 6). The autologous adiPose gran-ule(AG)combined with autologous adiPose - derived stem cells(ADSCs)were imPlanted in ears as the exPeriment grouP C(n = 6). The autologous adiPose granule(AG)combined with Platelet - rich fibrin(PRF)and autologous adiPose - derived stem cells(ADSCs)were imPlanted in the ears were the control grouP D(n = 6). At month 1,3 and 6 after transPlantation,the survival rates of transPlanted ears,eE staining,rabbit ears light transmission exPeri-ments were Performed. Results:At month 1,3 and 6 after transPlantation,the survival rates of transPlanted ears,eE staining,rabbit ears light transmission exPeriments,the differences of the grouP D and grouP A,B,C were statistical significant(P ﹤ 0. 05). Conclusion:The adiPose granule(AG)combined with Platelet - rich fibrin(PRF)and adi-Pose - derived stem cells(ADSCs)can imProve the survival rate of transPlanted fat tissue and Provide exPerimental basis for clinical fat transPlantation.%目的:建立兔耳脂肪移植模型,观察兔脂肪干细胞( adiPose - derived stem cells,ADSCs)复合脂肪颗粒(adiPose granule,AG)和富血小板纤维蛋白(Platelet - rich fibrin,PRF)移植后的形态学变化,为临床脂肪干细胞移植提供实验依据。方法:以健康新西兰家兔为实验动物,共取24只,随机分成4组(n =6):A 组移植物为 AG;B 组 AG + PRF;C 组 AG + ADSCs;D 组 AG + PRF + ADSCs。在术后1、3、6个月,用 B

  7. Full-facial rejuvenation with autologous platelet-derived growth factors

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    The platelets used in oral, maxillofacial and plastic surgery are generally grouped as concentrated platelet rich plasma. The general principle of production consists of a centrifugation, making it possible to eliminate red blood cells, then acellular plasma, to preserve only the concentrated platelets. Aim to evaluate the efficacy of a three session of injections of autologous platelet-derived growth factors for full-face rejuvenation including the perioral and periorbital regions; 16 patien...

  8. Aulogous fibrin sealant (Vivostat ® in the neurosurgical practice: Part II: Vertebro-spinal procedures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesca Graziano

    2016-01-01

    Conclusions: In this preliminary study, the application of autologous fibrin sealant with Vivostat ® resulted in rapid hemostasis and/or acted as an effective dural sealant. Although this product appears to be safe and effective, further investigations are warranted.

  9. Platelet-Rich Plasma Injections With Needle Tenotomy for Gluteus Medius Tendinopathy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, James J.; Harrison, Julian R.; Boachie-Adjei, Kwadwo; Vargas, Elizabeth; Moley, Peter J.

    2016-01-01

    Background: Gluteal tendinopathy is a prevalent condition that can be associated with significant pain and disability. To date, no studies have prospectively assessed the efficacy of intratendinous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injections as a minimally invasive treatment for gluteus medius tendinopathy. Purpose: To prospectively assess the efficacy of intratendinous PRP injections as treatment for chronic recalcitrant gluteus medius tendinopathy. Study Design: Case series; Level of evidence, 4. Methods: During the study period between July 2011 and November 2015, data were collected from the Hospital for Special Surgery Center for Hip Preservation Outcomes Registry on participants who underwent ultrasound-guided intratendinous PRP injections for recalcitrant gluteus medius tendinosis and/or partial tears of the tendon associated with moderate to severe lateral hip pain for longer than 3 months. All participants were assessed pre- and postinjection with 4 outcome measures: modified Harris Hip Score (mHHS), Hip Outcome Score–Activities of Daily Living subscale (HOS-ADL), Hip Outcome Score–Sport-Specific subscale (HOS-Sport), and the International Hip Outcome Tool–33 (iHOT-33). Demographic data, including age, sex, height, weight, body mass index, and smoking status, were also collected. Results: A total of 21 patients were included in the study, with a mean follow-up of 19.7 months (range, 12.1-32.3 months). The mean improvements from preinjection to postinjection follow-up were 56.73 to 74.17 for mHHS, 68.93 to 84.14 for HOS-ADL, 45.54 to 66.72 for HOS-Sport, and 34.06 to 66.33 for iHOT-33. All mean outcome measure improvements were clinically and statistically significant (P < .001). Length of follow-up was positively correlated with improvements in HOS-ADL (P = .021) and HOS-Sport (P = .004) scores. No adverse events were observed during or after the procedure. Conclusion: In this registry study with prospective follow-up, we found ultrasound

  10. 富血小板血浆临床应用及其生物材料性能%Clinical application and biomaterial properties of platelet-rich plasma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李明; 张长青

    2011-01-01

    BACKGROUND:The preparation methods, equipment and application means of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) have been considerably developed, but PRP is still a relatively new biotechnology for the domestic workers.OBJECTIVE:To illustrate and discuss the concepts and existed problems of PRP, to clearly explicit the preparation and application technology of PRP.METHODS:A search across the databases of Pubmed and VIP (from September 1995 to September 2010) was performed, with key words of "platelet rich plasma, preparation" in English and in Chinese.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:According to the number of white blood cells contained in PRP, PRP can be divided into pure PRP and leukocyte-rich PRP; PRP can also be divided into non-activated PRP and activated PRP depending on the application form. Activated PRP mainly includes PRP gel and releasates. Platelet-rich fibrin, which is regarded as second-generation platelet concentrate, and PRP both contain high concentrations of platelets, but they are fundamentally different in the preparation method and gel formation method. Because of its safety and easy preparation, PRP will be more and more applied in clinical medicine. However, clinical application should be cautious, because many aspects of PRP are still lack of related research.%背景:富血小板血浆的制备方法、设备及应用手段等方面有了长足发展,但是相对于国内临床工作者而言富血小板血浆技术仍是一项相对较新的生物技术.目的:对富血小板血浆分类等相关概念和存在问题加以说明和论述,使其制备和应用技术等更加清晰和明确.方法:以"platelet rich plasma,preparation,富血小板血浆,制备"为检索词,检索PubMed数据库及维普数据库1995-09/ 2010-09相关文章.结果与结论:根据所含白细胞的多少可以将富血小板血浆分为贫白细胞的富血小板血浆和富白细胞的富血小板血浆;根据应用形式又可以分为未激活富血小板血

  11. Combination of Intra-Articular and Intraosseous Injections of Platelet Rich Plasma for Severe Knee Osteoarthritis: A Pilot Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mikel Sánchez

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to assess a novel approach to treating severe knee osteoarthritis by targeting synovial membrane, superficial articular cartilage, synovial fluid, and subchondral bone by combining intra-articular injections and intraosseous infiltrations of platelet rich plasma. We explored a new strategy consisting of intraosseous infiltrations of platelet rich plasma into the subchondral bone in combination with the conventional intra-articular injection in order to tackle several knee joint tissues simultaneously. We assessed the clinical outcomes through osteoarthritis outcome score (KOOS and the inflammatory response by quantifying mesenchymal stem cells in synovial fluid. There was a significant pain reduction in the KOOS from baseline (61.55±14.11 to week 24 (74.60±19.19, after treatment (p=0.008, in the secondary outcomes (symptoms, p=0.004; ADL, p=0.022; sport/rec., p=0.017; QOL, p=0.012, as well as VAS score (p<0.001 and Lequesne Index (p=0.008. The presence of mesenchymal stem cells in synovial fluid and colony-forming cells one week after treatment decreased substantially from 7.98±8.21 MSC/μL to 4.04±5.36 MSC/μL (p=0.019 and from 601.75±312.30 to 139.19±123.61  (p=0.012, respectively. Intra-articular injections combined with intraosseous infiltrations of platelet rich plasma reduce pain and mesenchymal stem cells in synovial fluid, besides significantly improving knee joint function in patients with severe knee osteoarthritis. This trial is registered on EudraCT with the number 2013-003982-32.

  12. Platelet-rich plasma and periodontal regeneration%富血小板血浆与牙周再生

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周金敏; 张莉; 马宁

    2009-01-01

    牙周组织再生中生长因子促使牙周膜细胞向损伤部位的趋化、黏附并诱导牙周膜成体干细胞增殖和分化.很多学者将富血小板血浆(platelet rich plasma,PRP)应用于牙周组织再生,有研究显示PRP能有效促进牙周组织再生,也有报道无明显作用.

  13. 富含血小板血浆凝胶的超微结构%Microstructure of Platelet-rich Plasma Gel

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马健; 李放; 任大江; 叶超群

    2011-01-01

    目的 观察富含血小板血浆(PRP)凝胶的超微结构.方法 采用二次离心法制备PRP,分别计数全血和PRP血小板,用酶联免疫吸附法测定全血和PRP凝胶中转移生长因子(TGF)-β1及血小板源性生长因子(PDGF)-AB的浓度;同时,对PRP凝胶行大体观察、HE染色、透射及扫描电镜观察.结果 PRP中的血小板浓度达到全血的4.58倍;PRP凝胶中含有高浓度的TGF-β1、PDGF-AB;扫描电镜及透射电镜观察均显示PRP凝胶主要由大量纤维蛋白网和血小板构成.结论 PRP可能是构建可注射组织工程髓核的理想支架材料.%Objective To observe the microstructure and ultrastructure of platelet-rich plasma gel. Methods PRP gel samples were obtained by two-step centrifugation. The platelets were counted before and after centrifugation. TGF-β1, PDGF-AB were measured in the PRP gel and the whole blood using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. PRP gel samples were observed with macroscopic observation, HE staining, transmission (TEM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Results The platelet concentration of PRP was 458% of whole blood. TGF-β1, PDGF-AB were found in high concentrations in PRP gel samples. Both SEM and TEM showed that PRP gel mainly contained fibrillar material with striated band similar to fibrin filaments, and platelet. Conclusion PRP gel may be an ideal injectable scaffold material for constructing tissue engineering nucleus pulposus.

  14. Platelet Rich Plasma and Hyaluronic Acid Blend for the Treatment of Osteoarthritis: Rheological and Biological Evaluation.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabrizio Russo

    Full Text Available Osteoarthritis (OA is the most common musculoskeletal disease. Current treatments for OA are mainly symptomatic and inadequate since none results in restoration of fully functional cartilage. Hyaluronic Acid (HA intra-articular injections are widely accepted for the treatment of pain ass