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Sample records for autobiography

  1. Autobiography and Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graham, Robert J.

    1989-01-01

    Explores the ontological status of autobiography as a literary genre. Defines the limits of what can be considered autobiography. Explores the ways in which autobiographies deal with history and consciousness, and addresses the relationship between autobiography and biography, fiction, and psychoanalysis. (DMM)

  2. Autistic autobiography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hacking, Ian

    2009-05-27

    Autism narratives are not just stories or histories, describing a given reality. They are creating the language in which to describe the experience of autism, and hence helping to forge the concepts in which to think autism. This paper focuses on a series of autobiographies that began with Grandin's Emergence. These are often said to show us autism from the 'inside'. The paper proposes that instead they are developing ways to describe experience for which there is little pre-existing language. Wittgenstein has many well-known aphorisms about how we understand other people directly, without inference. They condense what he had found in Wolfgang Köhler's Gestalt Psychology. These phenomena of direct understanding what other people are doing are, Köhler wrote, 'the common property and practice of mankind'. They are not the common property and practice of people with autism. Ordinary language is rich in age-old ways to describe what others are thinking, feeling and so forth. Köhler's phenomena are the bedrock on which such language rests. There is no such discourse for autism, because Köhler's phenomena are absent. But a new discourse is being made up right now, i.e. ways of talking for which the autobiographies serve as working prototypes.

  3. Tabibito The Traveler; an Autobiography

    CERN Document Server

    Yukawa, Hideki

    1982-01-01

    This is Yukawa's autobiography of his early years, written in Japanese when he was fifty years old. It describes his family background and the education and experience, both social and intellectual, that helped to form his character and direct his career. Especially valuable to the historian of science are his discussions of scientific relationships with his colleague Sin-Itiro Tomonaga, with his teacher Yoshio Nishina, and with his students (who later became his collaborators): Sakata, Taketani, and Kobayashi. The Story ends with the writing of his first scientific paper in English, being the

  4. Autobiography: Inspiring new visions of teacher learning

    OpenAIRE

    Irene Simon

    2006-01-01

    Abstract: The purpose of this article is to broaden the tradition of autobiography by using it as a way in which teachers can identify sources of inspiration in their educational experience. In the process, my aim is to make explicit the links between autobiography, learning and meta learning. Extending autobiographical inquiry to include different levels at which learning takes place serves to highlight the importance not only of the individual context of learning (the private self), but als...

  5. The guided autobiography method: a learning experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thornton, James E

    2008-01-01

    This article discusses the proposition that learning is an unexplored feature of the guided autobiography method and its developmental exchange. Learning, conceptualized and explored as the embedded and embodied processes, is essential in narrative activities of the guided autobiography method leading to psychosocial development and growth in dynamic, temporary social groups. The article is organized in four sections and summary. The first section provides a brief overview of the guided autobiography method describing the interplay of learning and experiencing in temporary social groups. The second section offers a limited review on learning and experiencing as processes that are essential for development, growth, and change. The third section reviews the small group activities and the emergence of the "developmental exchange" in the guided autobiography method. Two theoretical constructs provide a conceptual foundation for the developmental exchange: a counterpart theory of aging as development and collaborative-situated group learning theory. The summary recaps the main ideas and issues that shape the guided autobiography method as learning and social experience using the theme, "Where to go from here."

  6. Autobiography: Inspiring new visions of teacher learning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irene Simon

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: The purpose of this article is to broaden the tradition of autobiography by using it as a way in which teachers can identify sources of inspiration in their educational experience. In the process, my aim is to make explicit the links between autobiography, learning and meta learning. Extending autobiographical inquiry to include different levels at which learning takes place serves to highlight the importance not only of the individual context of learning (the private self, but also the possibility of learning and constructing meaning from autobiography in dialogue with others. This article identifies four levels of learning-how-to-learn from autobiography. These levels are: 1. learning from autobiographical writing; 2. learning through intergenerational dialogues; 3. developmental learning through the career stages; and 4. whole group co-constructive learning. My ultimate goal is two fold. Firstly, to use these levels of learning to identify operational definitions of inspiration based on significant events and experiences in teacher’s personal stories. Secondly to identify a meta research orientation for linking autobiography with learning and meta-learning.

  7. Identity as a narrative of autobiography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luba Jakubowska

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This article is a proposal of identity research through its process and narrative character. As a starting point I present a definition of identity understood as the whole life process of finding identification. Next I present my own model of auto/biography-narrative research inspired by hermeneutic and phenomenological traditions of thinking about experiencing reality. I treat auto/biography-narrative research as a means of exploratory conduct, based on the narrator’s biography data, also considering the researcher’s autobiographical thought. In the final part of the article I focus on showing the narrative structure of identity and autobiography. I emphasise this relation in definitions qualifying autobiography as written life narration and identity as a narration of autobiography.

  8. "Bringing me to where I am”: jazz autobiography in context

    OpenAIRE

    Farrington, Holly Ellen Baverstock

    2004-01-01

    Jazz autobiography is an area largely unexplored in current academic discourse: a scattering of articles and chapters in textbooks on jazz or African-American autobiography is all we have. Yet jazz and the literature of jazz, whether fiction, biography or autobiography, play a crucial role in American twentieth-century culture. Historically, the roots of jazz and of African- American music-making and performance culture are vitally important to American studies. This thesis draws together tex...

  9. THE ONEIRIC AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF GEORGES PEREC.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwartz, Henry P

    2016-01-01

    Georges Perec's book La Boutique Obscure (1973; translated into English in 2012) serves as the basis for this paper. The book is a collection of dreams that its author dreamed from May 1968 to August 1972. The present author treats these dreams as chapters in a bizarre autobiography, elaborating Perec's life through a discussion of those dreams and using them as a starting point with which to discuss his views of dream interpretation and the role of dreams in psychoanalysis. PMID:26784719

  10. Animal Autobiography; Or, Narration beyond the Human

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Herman

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available In engaging with acts of self-narration that cross species lines, creators of animal autobiographies also broach questions about genre, truth status, and the structure as well as the politics of narrative representation. To address these questions, the present article draws not just on scholarship on (animal autobiography but also on ideas from the fields of linguistic semantics, politeness theory, and discourse analysis, including the “framing and footing” approach that focuses on talk emerging in contexts of face-to-face interaction and that derives most directly from the work of Erving Goffman. On the basis of this research, and using case studies that range from animal riddles to Ceridwen Dovey’s Only the Animals (2014, a collection of life stories posthumously narrated by a variety of nonhuman tellers, I profile autobiographical acts that reach beyond the human as ways of speaking for or in behalf of animal others. Some animal autobiographies correlate with acts of telling for which humans themselves remain the principals as well as authors; their animal animators remain relegated to the role of commenting on human institutions, values, practices, and artifacts. Other examples, however, can be read as co-authored acts of narrating in behalf of equally hybrid (or “humanimal” principals. These experiments with narration beyond the human afford solidarity-building projections of other creatures’ ways of being-in-the-world—projections that enable a reassessment, in turn, of forms of human being.

  11. Crystal clear the autobiographies of Sir Lawrence and Lady Bragg

    CERN Document Server

    Thomson, Patience

    2015-01-01

    The main body of this book contains the hitherto unpublished autobiographies of both William Lawrence Bragg, an innovative scientist who won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1915, and his wife, Alice, a Mayor of Cambridge and National Chairman of Marriage Guidance. Their autobiographies give unusual insights into the lives and times of two distinguished people and the real personalities behind their public appearance.

  12. Writing Autobiographies: A Meaningful Way to Sensitize Trainee Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quintero, Josefina C.; López, Margarita M.; Zuluaga, Carmen T. C.

    2013-01-01

    This article discusses the final results from a research work which aimed to identify the pedagogical processes that emerge from the autobiographies that modern languages trainee teachers at the University of Caldas write. These autobiographies become a starting point to develop their teaching practicum, and are considered to be of great…

  13. My inventions the autobiography of Nikola Tesla

    CERN Document Server

    Tesla, Nikola

    2013-01-01

    Nikola Tesla has been called the most important man of the twentieth century. Certainly he contributed more to the field of electricity, radio, and television than any other person living or dead. Ultimately he died alone and impoverished having driven all of his friends away through his neurotic and eccentric behavior. Tesla was never able to fit into the world that he found himself in. This autobiography, originally serialized in Electrical Experimenter, is an intensely fascinating glimpse into the mind of a genius, his inventions, and the magical world in which he lived.

  14. David Gopperfield is an Autobiography of Dickens

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李倩

    2011-01-01

    Dickens is considered to be one of the greatest English novelists of the Victorian period. David Copperfield published in 1849-1850,was written when Dickens creative power reached his height. The story is narrated in the first person through the mouth of its hero: David Copperfield. In David Copperfield. Dickens made good use of his own life experiences to expose the social evils of its own. For example, they were also born on Friday, they had wretched childhood. David's love for Dora modeled after Dickens" youthful fascination for Maria Beadnell, Dickens" father was the original form of Mr. Micawber in DC and Dickens" mother was the original form of David's pretty young mother. And in the book, we also can see that the immorality and the treachery were prevalent in the England realism. So the novel is not only a personal record, but also a broad picture of the society of the author's day. In my opinion , we could say DC is an autobiography of Dickens.

  15. James Lee Byars 1/2 an autobiography, sourcebook

    CERN Document Server

    Byars, James Lee; Eleey, Peter

    2014-01-01

    "I see my autobiography as an arbitrary segment of so many pages of time, of things that I have paid attention to at this point in my life," wrote James Lee Byars (1932-1997) in 1969. He was then 37, about half the average male lifespan at the time, and accordingly thought it appropriate to write his "1/2 autobiography." Byars' art ranged from highly refined objects to extremely minimal performance and events, and books, ephemera and correspondence that he distributed widely among friends and colleagues. Today, more than 15 years after his death, assessments of his art must negotiate Byars' performance of his charismatic self in his life and art. For his first major posthumous survey in the US, exhibition curators Magalí Arriola and Peter Eleey decided to produce a catalogue in two "halves," playing on his "1/2 autobiography": a catalogue of the exhibition itself, including new scholarship, and a sourcebook of primary documents. 1/2 an Autobiography, Sourcebook constitutes the latter volume--a reference guid...

  16. Self-Portraiture: The Uses of Academic Autobiography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sockett, Hugh

    2009-01-01

    This review article examines Leonard Waks's innovative collection of essays entitled "Self-Portraiture: The Uses of Academic Autobiography: Review of Leaders in Philosophy of Education: Intellectual Self-Portraits." The book is based on invitations to leading philosophers of education to write about their own careers in the field and to offer an…

  17. Stories about Math: An Analysis of Students' Mathematical Autobiographies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Latterell, Carmen M.; Wilson, Janelle L.

    2016-01-01

    This paper analyzes 16 preservice secondary mathematics education majors' mathematical autobiographies. Participants wrote about their previous experiences with mathematics. All participants discussed why they wanted to become mathematics teachers with the key factors being past experience with mathematics teachers, previous success in mathematics…

  18. The Journalistic Autobiography: How Reporters View Themselves and Order Their Experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russell, Dennis

    The ways contemporary American journalists view themselves and order their experiences in their autobiographies stem from the reporter-as-celebrity phenomenon. As a result of this phenomenon, many journalists are writing their autobiographies when they are fairly young, and creating larger-than-life personas of themselves, which tends to emphasize…

  19. Memories of Play, Dreams of Success: Literacy Autobiographies of 101 Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fox, Stephen L.

    Despite the stereotype of today's undergraduates as having an inadequate literacy level, a teacher of English at a large midwestern university was surprised to find that students' literacy autobiographies reflect what might be called a conventional literacy success story, one that represents a strain of American autobiography dating back to…

  20. Cosmic Thing: Astrology, Space Science, and Personal Cartography in Robert Rauschenberg's Autobiography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carey, C. L.

    2011-06-01

    The following paper undertakes an iconographic analysis of Robert Rauschenberg's large scale print, Autobiography (1967). The artist's interest in astronomy and astrology, visual metaphors aligning the body with the cosmos, and the cartographic representation of self are discussed. Autobiography is placed in cultural and historical context with other works by the artist, elaborated as a personal narrative-an alternative to traditional self portraiture.

  1. Autobiographies: A Way to Explore Student-Teachers’ Beliefs in a Teacher Education Program

    OpenAIRE

    Durán Narváez Norma Constanza; Lastra Ramírez Sandra Patricia; Morales Vasco Adriana María

    2013-01-01

    Autobiographies depict with words life stories, personal experiences, and perceptions that allow researchers to deeply understand the way people see life, reflect, and construct meaning out of experiences. This article aims at describing the contributions of autobiographies as valuable resources in qualitative research when exploring people’s beliefs, personal knowledge, and changes as a result of experience and learning. This is all based on a research project carried out at a Colombian publ...

  2. On authenticity: the question of truth in construction and autobiography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collins, Sara

    2011-12-01

    Freud was occupied with the question of truth and its verification throughout his work. He looked to archaeology for an evidence model to support his ideas on reconstruction. He also referred to literature regarding truth in reconstruction, where he saw shifts between historical fact and invention, and detected such swings in his own case histories. In his late work Freud pondered over the impossibility of truth in reconstruction by juxtaposing truth with 'probability'. Developments on the role of fantasy and myth in reconstruction and contemporary debates over objectivity have increasingly highlighted the question of 'truth' in psychoanalysis. I will argue that 'authenticity' is a helpful concept in furthering the discussion over truth in reconstruction. Authenticity denotes that which is genuine, trustworthy and emotionally accurate in a reconstruction, as observed within the immediacy of the analyst/patient interaction. As authenticity signifies genuineness in a contemporary context its origins are verifiable through the analyst's own observations of the analytic process itself. Therefore, authenticity is about the likelihood and approximation of historical truth rather than its certainty. In that respect it links with Freud's musings over 'probability'. Developments on writing 'truths' in autobiography mirror those in reconstruction, and lend corroborative support from another source. PMID:22212034

  3. On authenticity: the question of truth in construction and autobiography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collins, Sara

    2011-12-01

    Freud was occupied with the question of truth and its verification throughout his work. He looked to archaeology for an evidence model to support his ideas on reconstruction. He also referred to literature regarding truth in reconstruction, where he saw shifts between historical fact and invention, and detected such swings in his own case histories. In his late work Freud pondered over the impossibility of truth in reconstruction by juxtaposing truth with 'probability'. Developments on the role of fantasy and myth in reconstruction and contemporary debates over objectivity have increasingly highlighted the question of 'truth' in psychoanalysis. I will argue that 'authenticity' is a helpful concept in furthering the discussion over truth in reconstruction. Authenticity denotes that which is genuine, trustworthy and emotionally accurate in a reconstruction, as observed within the immediacy of the analyst/patient interaction. As authenticity signifies genuineness in a contemporary context its origins are verifiable through the analyst's own observations of the analytic process itself. Therefore, authenticity is about the likelihood and approximation of historical truth rather than its certainty. In that respect it links with Freud's musings over 'probability'. Developments on writing 'truths' in autobiography mirror those in reconstruction, and lend corroborative support from another source.

  4. "Working Lives": The Use of Auto/Biography in the Development of a Sociological Imagination

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stephenson, Carol; Stirling, John; Wray, David

    2015-01-01

    This article critically evaluates the attempt of the authors to develop a sociological imagination within first-year undergraduate students studying the discipline of sociology at a British university. Through a sociological analysis of biography and autobiography (of both teachers and students), we attempted to create a quality of mind that would…

  5. "Reality" Revisited: Self-Assessment of Terministic Screens through a Political Autobiography Assignment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hunter, Karla M.

    2016-01-01

    Courses: Argumentation, Public Speaking, Political Communication. Objectives: After completing this unit activity, students should be able to (1) demonstrate comprehension of Burke's (1941) concept of terministic screens; (2) apply the concept of terministic screens to write a brief political autobiography of themselves that analyzes the history…

  6. Ancient Political Autobiography and Civil War : Anchoring Fortuna in the commentarii of Sulla, Cicero and Caesar

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Klooster, Julia

    2015-01-01

    To analyze changes in mentality during and after the Civil Wars, this paper studies a number of commentarii and hypomnemata, political autobiographies or memoirs, from the late Roman Republic. (a.o. the fragments of the works of Sulla, and Cicero, and the Bellum Civile of Caesar). Previous autobiogr

  7. Math Autobiographies: A Window into Teachers' Identities as Mathematics Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCulloch, Allison W.; Marshall, Patricia L.; DeCuir-Gunby, Jessica T.; Caldwell, Ticola S.

    2013-01-01

    Mathematics autobiographies have the potential to help teachers reflect on their identities as mathematics learners and to understand their role in the development of their students' mathematics identities. This paper reports on a professional development project for K-2 teachers (n = 41), in which participants were asked to write mathematics…

  8. The Autobiography of Intercultural Encounters through Visual Media: Exploring Images of Others in Telecollaboration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindner, Rachel; Méndez Garcia, Maria del Carmen

    2014-01-01

    Positioned against the background of the Council of Europe's interest in developing intercultural competence through education, the study presented in this paper investigates the impact on intercultural visual literacy of the Council of Europe's "Images of Others--An Autobiography of Intercultural Encounters through Visual…

  9. Authorship, Autobiography and the Archive: Marilyn on Marilyn, Television and Documentary Theory

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kerr, Paul

    2015-01-01

    abstractIn 2004, documentary theorist Michael Renov described ‘the recent turn to filmic autobiography’ as ‘the defining trend of “post-verite” documentary practice...’ In 2008 Renov went further still, suggesting that ‘the very idea of autobiography challenges/reinvents the VERY IDEA of documentary

  10. The long road to Stockholm the story of magnetic resonance imaging - an autobiography

    CERN Document Server

    Mansfield, P

    2013-01-01

    In this autobiography, Sir Peter Mansfield describes his life from his early childhood in war time London to his research in nuclear magnetic resonance and the development of magnetic resonance imaging. For his discoveries in MRI, Sir Peter was awarded the 2003 Nobel Prize for Medicine, shared with Paul Lauterbur.

  11. Aiming at Targets: The Autobiography of Robert C. Seamans, Jr.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seamans, Robert C., Jr.

    1996-01-01

    Bob Seamans originally was inspired to write this book for his family and friends. That is a large audience. By his own count his immediate family numbers twenty-four, not counting brothers and cousins and their families. His friends are uncounted but surely run to hundreds. As one of them and as a colleague at NASA, I am pleased and honored that he asked me to write this foreword. While written in Bob's unique and informal style, this autobiography has significance for many readers beyond his large circles of family and friends. Leaders and students of large, complex technological endeavors should be able to learn much from reading how Bob faced the daunting technical and management challenges in his career. As the title of this book implies, Bob has always set high goals for himself and then kept his eyes focused on both the necessary details and the broader picture. His ability to shift smoothly among jobs that required seemingly disparate abilities and skills speaks volumes about his insight, dedication, and enthusiasm for achievement. The book spans a truly remarkable life story. Bob first takes us through his growing up, education, and early professional and family life. Next he focuses on the crucial years when he was the general manager of NASA. Then he moves on to his career in the top jobs at the Air Force, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Energy Research and Development Administration. Finally, he touches on his later leadership activities in the academic and business worlds. Aiming at Targets is a series of fascinating topical vignettes covering his professional life. Taken together, like broad brushstrokes in an impressionist painting, they give a better picture of Bob Seamans and his work than a detailed recitation of facts and dates could hope to do. This is a cheerful account of an interesting and successful career. The book is full of good stories, with many memorable characters. Like the proverbial sundial, it counts the sunny hours

  12. THE REFLECTION OF GENDER IDENTITY IN AUTOBIOGRAPHIES OF MEN AND WOMEN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shakhova E. M.

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available This article presents an empirical research of gender identity of men and women reflected in autobiographical texts. Personality is viewed by the author through the interaction in different existential spaces. This interaction happens under the influence of significant people. Self-attitude and attitudes towards the surrounding world are reflected in a person’s autobiographical memories. Autobiography is considered in the given article as one of the mechanisms of establishing personal identity. Gender identity is seen through contents of memories of attitudes towards parents, towards members of the opposite sex and towards other characters in the person’s autobiography. Such areas of gender identity as attitudes towards parents and their image in memories, as well as attitudes towards members of the opposite sex and self-attitude as being the member of the definite sex, are dealt with. The article describes and analyzes the text evaluation criteria, which are related to gender identity, such as character frequency in the text of autobiography, comprehensiveness and complexity of character description, character role in the described events, and type of the author’s attitudes towards other characters. Based on the interpretation of the results, the structural and content properties of autobiographical texts of men and women are specified; the peculiarities of the respondents’ attitudes towards the members of different sexes are analyzed; the possible mechanisms of establishing gender identity of men and women are described. The author has found the row of peculiarities reflecting the mechanisms of a person’s gender identity

  13. Latino Autobiography, the Aesthetic, and Political Criticism: The Case of Hunger of Memory

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    Isabel Durán

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This 2003 essay, entitled “Latino Autobiography, the Aesthetic, and Political Criticism: The Case of Hunger of Memory,” was previously published in Nor Shall Diamond Die: American Studies in Honour of Javier Coy, edited by Carme Manuel and Paul Scott Derrick (Valencia: Biblioteca Javier Coy d’estudis nord-americans, Universitat de València. In a fierce defense of the aesthetic properties of the ethnic autobiography, Isabel Durán, “as an outsider” to the politics of “Chicano” critics working in the US (“I am Spanish, and live in Spain”, argues that certain politicized critical approaches to ethnic autobiography inside the US have insisted on an identity politics that reads ethnic or minority writing as “good” if and only if it is “obedient” to the critic’s political ideology, regardless of its aesthetic value as art. Proposing a “renewed theory of the aesthetic,” Durán offers a strong refutation of Ramón Saldívar’s critical assessment of Richard Rodriguez’s Hunger of Memory, while simultaneously demonstrating how a transnational American Studies produces very different intellectual concerns.

  14. Folklore et écriture vernaculaire dans The Autobiography of Miss Jane Pittman

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    Laurence Cossu-Beaumont

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available On commencera par relever la richesse vernaculaire de la voix de Miss Jane et la densité folklorique de l’écriture de Gaines qui décrit ainsi son projet : « a folk autobiography ». Une autobiographie « folklorique » ? Certes, le rythme, la grammaire de l’anglais oral noir américain jalonnent ce récit qui se place lui-même dans son prologue sous le signe stylistique des conversations informelles sur les marches d’un perron de Louisiane, ces « porch talk » dont Gaines répète s’être inspiré.Cependant, l’analyse confinerait à la couleur locale si la « folk autobiography » n’était pas lue comme autobiographie fictive d’un peuple et d’une stratégie de survie : Miss Jane incarne aussi la dimension fonctionnelle du parler vernaculaire dont la théorie de signifyin(g a montré les enjeux vitaux. La jeune Jane, tout juste libérée de son nom d’esclave, possède déjà les « armes » verbales pour attaquer une société vacillante. Elle parvient à « éliminer » un adversaire des plus symboliques, le contremaître noir, en le réduisant à néant dans une réplique emblématique du pouvoir du signifyin(g (« You ain’t nothing but Nothing » p. 11. La veille femme, sage mais non résignée, devient trickster à la fin du récit. Dans une évocation performative (on notera le jeu des « to stand », « to march » p. 257, elle fait plus que « raconter » son histoire et parvient à « créer » l’Histoire en guidant et modifiant le destin de toute une communauté.On suggérera encore que cette « folk autobiography », autobiographie d’un peuple ou d’une culture, ne se laisse pas réduire à la seule communauté noire. Le récit est ancré dans la culture de la Louisiane, une culture complexe où maîtres blancs et esclaves puis métayers noirs traversent des tragédies communes, et écrivent ensemble leur Histoire commune dans une langue vernaculaire qu’ils partagent aussi

  15. A Romantic life dedicated to Science: André-Marie Ampère's Autobiography

    OpenAIRE

    Martin Moruno, Dolorès

    2011-01-01

    This article explores André Marie Ampère's autobiography in order to analyse the dynamics of science in early 19th century French institutions. According to recent works that have emphasised the value of biographies in the history of science, this study examines Ampère's public self-representation to show the cultural transformations of a life dedicated to science in post-revolutionary French society. With this aim, I have interpreted this manuscript as an outstanding example of the scientific...

  16. The Economic and Family Context of Philosophical Autobiography: Acting ‘As-If’ for American Buddenbrooks

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    Christine A. James

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper addresses the project of philosophical autobiography, using two different perspectives. On the one hand, the societal, economic, and family contexts of William James are addressed, and connected a modern academic context of business ethics research, marketing and purchasing decision making, and the continuing financial crisis. The concepts of “stream of consciousness” and “acting as-if” are connected to recent literature on William James. On the other hand, the significance of family context, and the possible connection between the William James family and the author, is addressed through shared family narratives interspersed throughout the paper.

  17. Marguerite Yourcenar’s Le Labyrinthe du Monde: autobiography of an absent self?

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    E. Snyman

    2000-05-01

    Full Text Available Marguerite Yourcenar’s autobiography Le Labyrinthe du monde surprised readers by its lack of self-representation and by being mainly a lengthy exploration of the genealogy of her ancestors. This article pursues the hypothesis that although Yourcenar is considered an autonomous creator, uninfluenced by the Parisian avant-garde of the sixties and seventies, certain aspects of her practice of self-representation draw on a new approach to historiography of which Michel Foucault, for example, was one of the earliest practitioners.

  18. In Their Own Words? Methodological Considerations in the Analysis of Terrorist Autobiographies

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    Mary Beth Altier

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Despite the growth of terrorism literature in the aftermath of the 9/11 attacks, there remain several methodological challenges to studying certain aspects of terrorism. This is perhaps most evident in attempts to uncover the attitudes, motivations, and intentions of individuals engaged in violent extremism and how they are sometimes expressed in problematic behavior. Such challenges invariably stem from the fact that terrorists and the organizations to which they belong represent clandestine populations engaged in illegal activity. Unsurprisingly, these qualities make it difficult for the researcher to identify and locate willing subjects of study—let alone a representative sample. In this research note, we suggest the systematic analysis of terrorist autobiographies offers a promising means of investigating difficult-to-study areas of terrorism-related phenomena. Investigation of autobiographical accounts not only offers additional data points for the study of individual psychological issues, but also provides valuable perspectives on the internal structures, processes, and dynamics of terrorist organizations more broadly. Moreover, given most autobiographies cover critical events and personal experiences across the life course, they provide a unique lens into how terrorists perceive their world and insight into their decision-making processes. We support our advocacy of this approach by highlighting its methodological strengths and shortcomings.

  19. The Impact of The Autobiography by Benjamin Franklin on American Soci-ety and Literature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JIANG Ai-ping

    2015-01-01

    Franklin is an earliest writer in American history and he is the most important writers during American colonial period. The most important works of him are Poor Richard's Almanac and his Autobiography. His works have a tremendous impact on American literature later. What more important is that in his Autobiography he wrote out American dream, the spirit of business and good qualities, and some others. Franklin explained that everyone can get rich by hard work and thrift, and he called on people to come to America to make money. The American dream then became an important theme in American literature. It occurred in many works of many writers in his later time. Since Franklin was such a successful person in many areas, world-renowned inventor, writer, diplomat and one of the leaders of the American war of independence, he brought a tremendous im⁃pact on American society. And because of his success, many Americans later took him as an example and his works were popular and read widely. Both Franklin and his works affected American society deeply.

  20. Past to Present, St. Paul to Prague: A Cold War Autobiography. A Discussion of Patricia Hampl's "Aromantic Education."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weiland, Steven

    1986-01-01

    States that autobiographies such as Patricia Hampl's may be the best source of information for revealing the effects of the Cold War on the American psyche. Maintains that such works may help counteract the narrow and naive view of superpower relations youth gain from such movies as "Rocky" and "Rambo." (JDH)

  1. Five decades of tackling models for stiff fluid dynamics problems a scientific autobiography

    CERN Document Server

    Zeytounian, Radyadour Kh

    2014-01-01

    Rationality - as opposed to 'ad-hoc' - and asymptotics - to emphasize the fact that perturbative methods are at the core of the theory - are the two main concepts associated with the Rational Asymptotic Modeling (RAM) approach in fluid dynamics when the goal is to specifically provide useful models accessible to numerical simulation via high-speed computing. This approach has contributed to a fresh understanding of Newtonian fluid flow problems and has opened up new avenues for tackling real fluid flow phenomena, which are known to lead to very difficult mathematical and numerical problems irrespective of turbulence. With the present scientific autobiography the author guides the reader through his somewhat non-traditional career; first discovering fluid mechanics, and then devoting more than fifty years to intense work in the field. Using both personal and general historical contexts, this account will be of benefit to anyone interested in the early and contemporary developments of an important branch of the...

  2. L'autoreprésentation en bande dessinée, autoportrait ou autobiographie ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sylvain Rheault

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available L’analyse du Journal de Fabrice Neaud montre que l’autoreprésentation peut relever tout autant de l’autoportrait, puisqu’il y a des procédés classiques de regard et de pose, que de l’autobiographie, puisqu’on trouve dans les planches un « pacte autobiographique » ainsi qu’un récit. Aucune de ces théories ne donne entière satisfaction. C’est qu’il faudrait, pour ce genre d’œuvre novatrice, élaborer une méthode critique nouvelle capable d’intégrer la narration et la représentation.

  3. Sociología y autobiografía Sociology and autobiography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernard Lahire

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Contra lo que reivindican tácitamente numerosas autobiografías con su "retórica del yo", a saber, la autenticidad y la verdad sobre sí mismo, los textos autobiográficos deben de ser tratados muy críticamente. Es imposible hacer de la autobiografía un objeto de estudio o un material para el estudio sin cuestionar radicalmente el mito de la autenticidad. El sociólogo, para que sea pertinente la utilización de textos autobiográficos como material interpretable, debe sacar informaciones de los contextos extra-textuales (escolares, políticos, religiosos, familiares. correspondientes a los diferentes momentos de la trayectoria narrada, y también al momento en el que el escritor habla de sí mismo, para comprender a partir de qué presupuestos culturales, de qué categorías históricas de percepción el autor se "dice" y se "pone en escena".Autobiographical texts should be treated critically given autobiographies with their "rhetoric of the self" (in other words, the idea of authenticity and truth about oneself. It becomes impossible to use an autobiography as an object of study or as data for study without a radical challenge to the myth of authenticity. In order to utilize autobiographic texs as interpretable data, the sociologist should obtain information about the extratextual contexts (scholary, political, religious, domestic ones corresponding to different moment in the narrative trajectory as well as about the moment when the writer talks about himself in order to understand which are the cultural presuppositions and historical cathegories of perception of the author in his "saying" and his "scenary setting".

  4. Autobiographies: A Way to Explore Student-Teachers’ Beliefs in a Teacher Education Program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Durán Narváez Norma Constanza

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Autobiographies depict with words life stories, personal experiences, and perceptions that allow researchers to deeply understand the way people see life, reflect, and construct meaning out of experiences. This article aims at describing the contributions of autobiographies as valuable resources in qualitative research when exploring people’s beliefs, personal knowledge, and changes as a result of experience and learning. This is all based on a research project carried out at a Colombian public university, where students from the undergraduate English teaching program wrote their language learning stories which were used as an instrument to garner data. The project also aims at demonstrating how these narratives exhibit human activity and diverse events that may have a significant effect on the epistemologies and methodologies of teacher education.Las autobiografías perfilan con palabras las historias de vida, experiencias personales y percepciones que brindan a los investigadores una profunda comprensión de la manera como las personas ven la vida, reflexionan y construyen significado a partir de esas experiencias. Este artículo tiene como objetivo describir las contribuciones de las autobiografías como recursos valiosos en la investigación cualitativa por cuanto son un medio para explorar las creencias, el conocimiento personal y los cambios en los individuos como resultado de la experiencia y el aprendizaje. El presente trabajo se basa en una investigación realizada en una universidad pública colombiana, en la que estudiantes de la Licenciatura en Inglés narraron sus historias sobre el aprendizaje de la lengua; narraciones que fueron usadas como instrumentos para la recolección de información. Adicionalmente, se busca demostrar cómo dichas narrativas describen la actividad humana y diversos eventos que pudiesen tener un efecto significativo en la construcción epistemológica y metodológica en la formación de docentes.

  5. Connecting Knowledge, Belief, Values and Action: Informing Climate Literacy by Using Autobiographies to Articulate Environmental Worldviews

    Science.gov (United States)

    Owens, M. A.

    2011-12-01

    Climate literacy is evolving as a specific subset of science and environmental literacy. Through a longitudinal analysis of environmental autobiographies of an internationally and religiously diverse group of environmental sciences majors at a Historically Black College or University (HBCU) in the southern U.S., this presentation will explore: 1) sources and impact of religious beliefs on students' environmental worldview; 2) conflicts between religious, community and scientific values; and 3) navigating the tensions between trust in a religious deity as well as scientific methods and processes. Lester Milbrath states that "beliefs empower and deceive us." The media, as well as significant people and institutions, including religious institutions, socialize us and contribute to individual and societal worldviews. "We so thoroughly accept our culture's beliefs about how the world works that we hardly ever think about them even though they underlie everything we think and do." Beliefs, attitudes, and values comprise an important component of environmental literacy, a praxis-oriented concept from the field of environmental education, which is defined as: [T]he capacity to perceive and interpret the relative health of environmental systems and take appropriate action to maintain, restore, or improve the health of those systems . . . Environmental literacy should be defined in terms of observable behaviors. (Disinger and Roth 1992, 2). Environmental literacy draws upon six areas: environmental sensitivity; knowledge; skills; beliefs, attitudes and values; personal investment and responsibility; and active involvement. It involves particular ways of thinking, acting, and valuing (Roth 1992). Religious beliefs, or lack thereof, shape worldviews, thereby influencing individual and societal environmental and more specifically, climate literacy. For example, Western Christianity espouses a hierarchical anthropocentric worldview, putting God infinitely above human beings, and

  6. A Multilingual Monologue: Alexander Lenard’s Self-Translated Autobiography in Three Languages

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helga Lénárt-Cheng

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper investigates the question of self-translation in the work of Alexander Lenard (Lénárd Sándor. Lenard, a polyglot writer and translator, rewrote his autobiography three times, in three different languages (in German, English, and Hungarian. This process of self-translation created a fascinating web of autobiographical texts, which invite a multiscopic reading. Following in the footsteps of 18th century parodists, Lenard challenges a great number of protocols associated with life-writing. The most important among these is the authority of the proper name as a guarantee of autobiographical authenticity. To challenge the authority of the proper name Lenard purposely multiplies his own authorial identities, for example by claiming that “A. L. is only a pseudonym.” Thus, the word ‘self-plagiarism’ acquires in Lenard’s case a double meaning, implying both that the author plagiarizes his own text and that he plagiarizes his own self. The paper explains why existing theories of self-translation cannot be applied to Lenard’s texts, and why his unique case can enrich future studies of this topic.

  7. From the atomic bomb to the Landau Institute autobiography top non-secret

    CERN Document Server

    Khalatnikov, Isaak M

    2012-01-01

    The book is an expanded autobiography of the famous theoretical physicist Isaak Khalatnikov. He worked together with L.D. Landau at the Institute for Physical Problems lead by P.L. Kapitza. He is the co-author of L.D. Landau in a number of important works. They worked together in the frame of the so-called Nuclear Bomb Project. After the death of L.D. Landau, I.M. Khalatnikov initiated the establishment of the Institute for Theoretical Physics, named in honour of L.D. Landau, within the USSR Academy of Sciences. He headed this institute from the beginning as its Director. The institute inherited almost all traditions of the Landau scientific school and played a prominent role in the development of theoretical physics. So, this is a story about how the institute was created, how it worked, and about the life of the physicists in the "golden age" of the Soviet science. A separate chapter is devoted to today´s life of the institute and the young generation of physicists working now in science. It is an historic...

  8. Typology of approaches to the study of autobiography in literature study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shurinova Natalya Sergeevna

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The article considers the possibility of distinct typology of theoretical approaches to autobiography represented in key works of national and foreign scientists. In particular, we are interested in the degree of formation of specific methodological associations, allowing to substantiate the autobiographical work of contemporary researchers in the works of certain authors. To highlight this issue, we have carried out a meta study, referring to the works of scholars such as G. Misch, S. A. de Saint-Beuve, J. Gyusdorf, J. Poole, G. Olney, Jean-Paul Sartre, M.M. Bakhtin, P. de Man, M. Bojur, F. Lejeune. At the end of the article, we conclude that a typology of approaches to autobiographical is possible only as conditional, it does not cover the whole variety of theoretical concepts in view of the existence of echoes between them, the need for a separate allocation of specific theories dealing with autobiographical, and interdisciplinary studies. In addition, this work considers a basic problem of theoretical research: the figure of the author’s biographical and autobiographical nature of narrative texts aggravate disputes between supporters of fiction of such works and supporters of the presence in them of the author’s subjectivity.

  9. Renate Hof, Susanne Rohr (Hg.: Inszenierte Erfahrung. Gender und Genre in Tagebuch, Autobiographie, Essay. Tübingen: Stauffenburg Verlag 2008.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aleksandra Bednarowska

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Die literarischen Genres Tagebuch, Essay und Autobiographie stehen zwischen Fakt und Fiktion und spiegeln eine spezifische Art der Relation von Erfahrung und Schreiben wider. Die Frage, inwieweit die Strategien, mit denen Authentizität sowohl in den erwähnten Genres als auch im Film und Musik als Darstellungseffekt erzielt wird, genderspezifisch sind, soll im Zentrum dieses interdisziplinär angelegten Sammelbandes stehen. In den im Band versammelten fünfzehn Beiträge wird untersucht, wie in den jeweiligen Gattungen die Wechselbeziehung zwischen Fakt und Fiktion die Rezeption der Leserin bzw. des Lesers und damit die Wahrnehmung – hier als soziale und individuelle Praxis verstanden – der dargestellten Realität mit strukturiert. Nur aus einzelnen Beiträgen ergibt sich dabei ein neuer methodischer Zugang zu Problemen der Autobiographik.The journal, essay, and autobiography are literary genres that each straddle fact and fiction and reflect a specific type of relationship between experience and writing. The interdisciplinary collected volume is centrally concerned with the question as to the gender specificity of strategies with which authenticity is achieved as an effect of representation in the afore mentioned genres as well as in film and in music. The authors of the fifteen contributions collected in this volume examine how, in each genre, the interrelation between fact and fiction helps to structure the reader’s reception and thus also perception – understood here as social and individual praxis – of the depicted reality. Only a few of the contributions offer up a new methodological approach to the problem of autobiography.

  10. L’autobiographie ou l’art de la vie dans A Small Boy and Others de Henry James

    OpenAIRE

    Constantinesco, Thomas; Derail, Agnès

    2016-01-01

    Although Henry James always maintained that “it is art that makes life,” he did start writing his autobiography in the last years of his life, telling the story of his calling as a writer under cover of paying tribute to his brother William’s genius. The tension between self and other is at the core of James’s autobiographical project, which consists paradoxically in looking for oneself the better to lose oneself. A Small Boy and Others thus repeats and compounds the small boy’s experience of...

  11. "Because they are too menny..." Children, Mothers and Fertility Decline: The Evidence from Working-Class Autobiographies of the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries

    OpenAIRE

    Jane Humphries

    2006-01-01

    Accounts of the British fertility decline have turned on the rise of the male breadwinner family, which by placing the responsibility for supporting women and children on men converted them to a preference for smaller families. This paper uses working-class autobiography of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries to develop understanding of sources of income and patterns of dependency and to illuminate the motives towards smaller families. Even before 1800 fathers` duties were to work hard to...

  12. The Third Man: comparative analysis of a science autobiography and a cinema classic as windows into post-war life sciences research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zwart, Hub

    2015-12-01

    In 2003, biophysicist and Nobel Laureate Maurice Wilkins published his autobiography entitled The Third Man. In the preface, he diffidently points out that the title (which presents him as the 'third' man credited with the co-discovery of the structure of DNA, besides Watson and Crick) was chosen by his publisher, as a reference to the famous 1949 movie no doubt, featuring Orson Welles in his classical role as penicillin racketeer Harry Lime. In this paper I intend to show that there is much more to this title than merely its familiar ring. If subjected to a (psychoanalytically inspired) comparative analysis, multiple correspondences between movie and memoirs can be brought to the fore. Taken together, these documents shed an intriguing light on the vicissitudes of budding life sciences research during the post-war era. I will focus my comparative analysis on issues still relevant today, such as dual use, the handling of sensitive scientific information (in a moral setting defined by the tension between collaboration and competition) and, finally, on the interwovenness of science and warfare (i.e. the 'militarisation' of research and the relationship between beauty and destruction). Thus, I will explain how science autobiographies on the one hand and genres of the imagination (such as novels and movies) on the other may deepen our comprehension of tensions and dilemmas of life sciences research then and now. For that reason, science autobiographies can provide valuable input (case material) for teaching philosophy and history of science to science students. PMID:26205203

  13. The Third Man: comparative analysis of a science autobiography and a cinema classic as windows into post-war life sciences research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zwart, Hub

    2015-12-01

    In 2003, biophysicist and Nobel Laureate Maurice Wilkins published his autobiography entitled The Third Man. In the preface, he diffidently points out that the title (which presents him as the 'third' man credited with the co-discovery of the structure of DNA, besides Watson and Crick) was chosen by his publisher, as a reference to the famous 1949 movie no doubt, featuring Orson Welles in his classical role as penicillin racketeer Harry Lime. In this paper I intend to show that there is much more to this title than merely its familiar ring. If subjected to a (psychoanalytically inspired) comparative analysis, multiple correspondences between movie and memoirs can be brought to the fore. Taken together, these documents shed an intriguing light on the vicissitudes of budding life sciences research during the post-war era. I will focus my comparative analysis on issues still relevant today, such as dual use, the handling of sensitive scientific information (in a moral setting defined by the tension between collaboration and competition) and, finally, on the interwovenness of science and warfare (i.e. the 'militarisation' of research and the relationship between beauty and destruction). Thus, I will explain how science autobiographies on the one hand and genres of the imagination (such as novels and movies) on the other may deepen our comprehension of tensions and dilemmas of life sciences research then and now. For that reason, science autobiographies can provide valuable input (case material) for teaching philosophy and history of science to science students.

  14. Mõistete rägastikus: autobiograafiast omaelulookirjutuseni. In a Maze of Concepts: From Autobiography to Life Writing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leena Kurvet-Käosaar

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available The introductory article provides a conceptual background of the special issue of Methis focusing on the role of “life writing” (omaelulookirjutus in Estonian cultural history, examining it from the perspective of different disciplines and theoretical and critical frameworks. Functioning as an umbrella term for the issue, omaelulookirjutus is largely a synonym for the term “life writing”. While referring, in its widest usage, to a diverse body of texts that take life as its subject, the gradual adoption of the term life writing to refer both to a field of study and its subject also denotes a self-conscious turn away from a more narrow notion of autobiography. In European cultural contexts of a certain time period, autobiography conveys certain conceptions of the nature of truth and selfhood (the Enlightenment subject. Life writing, on the other hand, can be understood as a concept that facilitates a wide range of textual practises, both literary and nonliterary, that represent a diverse array of cultural contexts and categories of identity. The Estonian near equivalent of the term life writing, omaeluloolisus, is used with regard to the conceptualisation of the term by Jaan Kross, a canonical Estonian contemporary novelist in his Omaeluloolisus ja alltekst (Autobiographism and Subtext, 2003. Although mainly an attempt at constructing a systematic interpretational frame for the consideration of the trajectory of his own work, Kross’ observations have wider implications, addressing some central concerns of the development of Estonian life writing. Delineating a scale of manifestations of “the autobiographical” (omaeluloolisus in the literary work of an author and the autobiographical essence of language, Kross also makes visible its functioning and uses as a socio-politically charged entity in everyday contexts, in particular with regard to the experience of the Soviet regime. In its wide range of manifestation and application

  15. A paródia da autobiografia em Lygia Fagundes Telles = A parody of autobiographies in Lygia Fagundes Telles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Magno Santos Gomes

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo defende a hipótese de que o romance As horas nuas (1989, de Lygia Fagundes Telles, apresenta um sofisticado jogo auto-referencial da obra dentro da obra. As cenas em que Rosa, a protagonista, tenta escrever suas memórias, mas é consumida peloalcoolismo, fortalecem as idéias de paródia e de descentramento estético, presentes nesse romance. Rosa narra e comenta a superficialidade de suas memórias até abandonar seu projeto de escrita, que pode ser lido como uma paródia das autobiografias. Essa hipótese será sustentada metodologicamente pelos conceitos pós-estruturalistas propostos por Jacques Derrida, que defende a escrita como jogo, remédio, veneno ou teatro, entre outrosconceitos. A partir dos suplementos estéticos da encenação de Rosa, o leitor, preocupado com o “como” a obra foi construída, descobre novos roteiros desse romance que se autoquestiona no próprio desenrolar da narrativa. Ao final, interpreta-se o silêncio de Rosa como uma crítica à superficialidade e ao narcisismo do gênero autobiográfico.This study defends the idea that the novel As horas nuas (1989, by Lygia Fagundes Telles, presents a sophisticated auto-referential game concerning the artistic production in itself. The scenes in which Rosa, the main character, tries to write her memories, but is absorbed by alcoholism, strengths the idea of parody and esthetic disorder in this novel. Rosa narrates and comments the superficiality of her memories until the moment that she abandons herwriting project, which can be read as a parody of autobiographies. This hypothesis is supported methodologically by the post-structuralism concepts proposed by Jacques Derrida, which defends the writing as a game, medicine, poison or theater, beyond other concepts. Using the esthetic supplements of Rosa’s staging, which narrates her memories to a recorder, the reader concerned about “how” the novel was built discovers new scripts of the novel that provokes

  16. 《富兰克林自传》中的处世之道探析%On Benjamin Franklin’s Life Experience Drawn from his Autobiography

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪春英; 李瑞林

    2015-01-01

    《富兰克林自传》讲述了本杰明·富兰克林成长和取得成功的经历,令人深受启发。加之平时通过观察和访谈得知在校大学生存在着诸多困惑,因此对《自传》及相关文献资料进行了仔细研读,从中概括出富兰克林两方面的处世策略,值得大学生学习和借鉴:一方面,出门在外时善于结交朋友,也善待朋友,于是获得朋友的支持而取得成功,书中有许多事例可以佐证;另一方面,当在家赋闲暇时坚持自学,广泛阅读,制订计划,完善个人的道德品质,《自传》中记载了具体的训练方法。研究表明,《自传》有利于大学生克服成长中的烦恼,树立正确的人生观,从而走向成功和成才之道。%Benjamin Franklin’s Autobiography elaborates on how Franklin grew and succeeded gradually, which is inspiring. Plus, leisurely chats with students and observation show that most college students are under bewilderment. Therefore, after researching into the Autobiography and its relevant articles, we may conclude two pieces of Franklin’s life experience which are worthwhile to imitate by college students: On the one hand, he makes friends easily with good intentions towards them, obtaining support from friends in the meantime, many friends’ names are mentioned in the Autobiography as examples. On the other hand, he enriches his knowledge by reading a lot and improves his principles by carrying out his self improvement plans, the detailed processes or methods are described clearly in the Autobiography. As it turns out, the Autobiography helps students to overcome worries, have correct life expectations, and make towards success.

  17. Autobiographies: A Way to Explore Student-Teachers' Beliefs in a Teacher Education Program (Autobiografías: una forma de explorar las creencias de docentes en formación en un programa de Licenciatura en Inglés)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Durán Narváez, Norma Constanza; Lastra Ramírez, Sandra Patricia; Morales Vasco, Adriana María

    2013-01-01

    Autobiographies depict with words life stories, personal experiences, and perceptions that allow researchers to deeply understand the way people see life, reflect, and construct meaning out of experiences. This article aims at describing the contributions of autobiographies as valuable resources in qualitative research when exploring people's…

  18. On Military Memoirs. Soldier-authors, publishers, plots and motives. : A mixed-method study into military Afghanistan autobiographies from the US, the UK, Canada, Germany and the Netherlands published between 2001 and 2010.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    L.H.E. Kleinreesink (Esmeralda)

    2014-01-01

    markdownabstractSummary Although there are quite a few soldiers who write autobiographies about their deployment experiences, a comprehensive profile does not exist that provides reliable, quantifiable insight into 21st century soldier-authors that exceeds the Anglo-American view, especially when

  19. L'écriture de la sexualité : Les discours du sexe dans les autobiographies des compagnons Ménétra et Perdiguier

    OpenAIRE

    Adell, Nicolas

    2006-01-01

    À partir de l'exemple de deux autobiographies, celles de Jacques-Louis Ménétra et d'Agricol Perdiguier, tous deux compagnons du Tour de France, il s'agit d'établir des constantes de l'écriture de soi. La perspective adoptée, le discours sur la sexualité, sert de point d'ancrage. Après avoir déterminé les sphères d'énonciation de la sexualité des deux compagnons, le ludique chez Ménétra, l'altérité chez Perdiguier, on en vient à établir, au-delà des spécificités de chacun, une permanence des f...

  20. Patrick Moore the autobiography

    CERN Document Server

    Moore, Patrick

    2011-01-01

    Throughout his distinguished career, Patrick Moore has, without a doubt, done more to raise the profile of astronomy among the British public than any other figure in the scientific world. As the presenter of The Sky at Night on BBC television for nearly 50 years he was honored with an OBE in 1968 and a CBE in 1988. In 2001 he was knighted 'for services to the popularisation of science and to broadcasting'. The BBC first aired The Sky at Night in April 1957 and it is now in the record books as the world's longest running TV series with the same presenter. He is also the author of over 60

  1. Autobiograafia kui „tõe” diskursus: Lilli Suburgi „Minu saatusega võitluskäik”. Autobiography as the Discourse of “Truth”: Lilli Suburg’s Minu saatusega võitluskäik

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eve Annuk

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Lilli Suburg (1841-1923 is an author in Estonian literary and cultural history who is not well researched, though her literary output is sufficiently large and her manuscript heritage many-sided, casting light on the little known aspects of her work and activity. Suburg was active in very different fields: she is known as a writer, journalist, feminist and educator. Her literary work is diverse and prolific; she wrote short stories, children’s stories, journalistic texts as well as philosophical essays. In Suburg’s work the autobiographical element plays a significant role, so that we can say that throughout her whole life she wrote her own autobiography, albeit using different forms. In this article, I example specifically the autobiography written by Lilli Suburg (1841-1923 entitled Minu saatusega võitluskäik (My Fight is my Destiny (1914, with the aim of introducing the text to the modern reader and analysing its content and peculiarities. As the text was published almost a hundred years ago, it deserves to be read anew and given a fresh interpretation from a modern point of view. The text certainly adds some new aspects to understanding Lilli Suburg’s life and activity; in the article I will analyse how Suburg looks at herself and her life and the reasons why she chose to write an autobiography with a feminist emphasis. The autobiography was published in the magazine Naiste Töö ja Elu (Women’s Work and Life in 1914 and to date it is the first and only feminist autobiography in Estonia. As Suburg had been a contributor to the magazine since its foundation in 1911, it provided a forum where she was able to share her feminist ideas and worldview with the readers. The magazine’s readers were understanding and supportive of feminist ideas, and the magazine’s focus was on women’s issues and women’s interests, the contributors being the leading women of the time. In her autobiography Suburg gives an overview of her life

  2. Out of the wave: The meaning of suffering and relief from suffering as described in autobiographies by survivors of the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Åsa Roxberg

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to explore the meaning of suffering and relief from suffering as described in autobiographies by tourists who experienced the tsunami on 26 December 2004 and lost loved ones. A lifeworld approach, inspired by the French philosopher Merleau-Ponty's phenomenology of perception, was chosen for the theoretical framework. This catastrophe totally changed the survivors’ world within a moment. In this new world, there were three main phases: the power of remaining focused, a life of despair, and the unbearable becoming bearable. Life turns into a matter of making the unbearable bearable. Such challenging experiences are discussed in terms of the philosophy of Weil, Jaspers, and Merleau-Ponty. The survivors of the tsunami catastrophe were facing a boundary situation and “le malheur,” the unthinkable misfortune. Even at this lowest level of misfortune, joy is possible to experience. This is part of the survivors’ ambivalent experiences of their lifeworld. In this world of the uttermost despair there are also rays of hope, joy, and new life possibilities.

  3. The Application of the Survival Culture of "The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin"into Colleges%《富兰克林自传》生存文化在大学里的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪春英; 董茜

    2015-01-01

    《富兰克林自传》是一部优秀传记文学作品,详细叙述了富兰克林一生的成长、发展、成功以及他所做的公益事业和对社会的贡献。仔细研读《自传》中的生存文化,挖掘人生生存与发展的要义,有利于个人与社会的发展。就一个大学来说,我们能从《自传》这本书中找出大学发展的路径,因为几乎每一个人,无论是大学生、教师、还是大学领导人,都能从他身上借鉴一些生存启示。%"The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin",an excellent biographical literature book,elaborates clearly how Frank-lin grew,developed,succeeded and what public welfare services and contributions he did to the society.Reading "The Autobi-ography of Benjamin Franklin"thoroughly and gaining Benjamin Franklin's life experience or living principles helps our person-al development and social progress.As far as an ordinary college is concerned,its development secrets and problem resolutions may be found out from "The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin",as all persons,including college students,teachers and leaders,we can learn some living skills from Franklin.

  4. Música e Identidade: relatos de autobiografias musicais em pacientes com esclerose múltipla Music and identity: musical autobiographies in multiple sclerosis patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cecilia Cavalieri França

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Autobiografias musicais constituem um recurso terapêutico eloqüente a respeito de como os indivíduos definem a si mesmos, auxiliando a (reconstrução da identidade e contribuindo para a melhoria da qualidade de vida de portadores de Esclerose Múltipla. Oito pacientes adultos sob acompanhamento no Centro de Investigação em Esclerose Múltipla (CIEM - UFMG, selecionaram entre 10 a 15 músicas significativas em sua vida, a respeito das quais discorreram em entrevista aberta. Os dados foram analisados qualitativamente segundo categorias criadas pelo musicoterapeuta norueguês Even RUDD (1998, que visam revelar como o indivíduo expressa suas identidades pessoal, social, temporal e transpessoal. Submetidos a tratamento quantitativo, os dados indicaram que, através da sua história musical, os pacientes aumentaram a percepção dos sentimentos e sensações corporais, expressaram-se de maneiras alternativas e ativaram memórias afetivas, contextualizando-as e adquirindo um senso de continuidade da vida.Musical autobiographies consist a powerful therapeutic tool through which individuals define themselves, helping in the (reconstruction of their identities and in enhancing quality of life of Multiple Sclerosis patients. Eight adult patients under treatment in the Research Centre for Multiple Sclerosis (CIEM - UFMG, selected 10 to 15 significant pieces of music in their lives, after which they narrated in open interview. The data collected were submitted to the music therapist Even RUDD (1998 categories, which reveal how the person expresses his personal, social, temporal and transpersonal identities. The quantitative treatment indicate that, through their musical history, patients could better the perception of their feelings and body awareness, they could express themselves through alternative ways and activated affective memories, contextualizing them and achieving a sense of continuity of life.

  5. Autobiografia e autorretrato: cores e dores de Carolina Maria de Jesus e de Frida Kahlo Autobiography and self-portrait: colors and pains of Carolina Maria de Jesus and Frida Kahlo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandra Matias Querido

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available No artigo são discutidos conceitos de autorrepresentação e identidade e as relações entre o autorretrato e a autobiografia. A discussão é feita por meio de uma análise comparativa entre o livro Quarto de despejo, de Carolina Maria de Jesus, e os autorretratos de Frida Kahlo.The aim of this article is to discuss the concepts of self-representation and identity, as well as the relation between self-portrait and autobiography. The discussion based on the comparative analysis of the book Quarto de Despejo by Carolina Maria de Jesus and Frida Kahlo's self-portraits.

  6. Autobiografies d'infantesa i aprenentatge de la sociabilitat Children’s autobiographies and the learning of sociability Autobiografías de infancia y aprendizaje de la sociabilidad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Concepción Naval

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available En aquest article es proposa i analitza les autobiografies d’infància, subgènere emergent en la literatura, com a documents literaris, socials i culturals privilegiats per a l’estudi de la formació de la sociabilitat dels infants transculturals. Davant de les demandes educatives que comporta el fenomen de la globalització, la teoria de l’educació pot servir-se d’una metodologia qualitativa basada en l’estudi d’aquestes obres literàries per mostrar de manera més clara les preocupacions i problemes que presenten aquests infants. En aquest article s’estudien alguns indicadors de la sociabilitat, com la família, el joc, o el grup d’iguals a través de l’anàlisi de vàries autobiografies. _________________________________ Dans cet article, nous proposons et nous analysons les autobiographies d’enfance, sous-genre émergent dans la littérature, en tant que documents littéraires, sociaux et culturels privilégiés pour l’étude de la formation de la sociabilité des jeunes enfants transculturels. Face aux demandes éducatives que comporte le phénomène de la mondialisation, la théorie de l’éducation peut se servir d’une méthodologie qualitative basée sur l’étude de ces oeuvres littéraires afin de montrer de manière plus claire les préoccupations ainsi que les problèmes que présentent ces jeunes enfants. Dans cet article, nous étudions quelques indicateurs de la sociabilité, els que la famille, le jeu, ou le groupe de pairs, au travers de l’analyse de diverses autobiographies.This paper analyses children’s autobiographies, an emerging sub-genre. They are privileged literary, social and cultural documents for the study of the development of the sociability of transcultural children. As a response to the educational challenges of globalization, education theory can apply a qualitative methodology based on the study of these literary works to present clearly the concerns and problems of these children

  7. Autobiography of a Chinese City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Clausen, Søren

    2005-01-01

    This article examines the evolution of gazetteer [a peculiar Chinese genre of officially supervised local history writing] work in the Northeastern city of Harbin. It is a study of the interaction of politics, bureaucracy, and historical work at the local level in contemporary China, and it points...

  8. Miroir et mémoire. La deuxième personne et l’autobiographie : Trame d’enfance de Christa Wolf et Enfance de Nathalie Sarraute

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hélène Müller

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available L´autobiographie est a priori le règne du « Je », mais dans Trame d´enfance, la romancière allemande Christa Wolf évoque son enfance et son adolescence sans recours à la première personne. L´instance narrative se scinde en un « elle » pour désigner l´enfant-personnage et un « tu » pour le sujet écrivant. Ce dispositif narratif invite à la comparaison avec Enfance de Nathalie Sarraute. Les deux textes font entrer la démarche autobiographique dans l´« ère du soupçon » et éclater l´unité fallacieuse du « Je ».As a genre, autobiography is the natural domain of the first-person narrative, but in Patterns of childhood, the German novelist Christa Wolf relates her childhood and adolescence without ever recurring to the first person. The narrator is split into the third-person “she”, to refer to the child as a character of the narrative, and the “you” of the second person singular to refer to the writer. This narrative set-up invites a comparison with Nathalie Sarraute’s Childhood. Both texts destroy the fallacious unity of the first-person narrative, thus placing the autobiographical genre in our “age of suspicion”.La autobiografía es, a priori, el reino del "Yo", sin embargo, la escritora alemana Christa Wolf evoca en la novela Trama de infancia su infancia y su adolescencia sin recurrir a la primera persona. La instancia narrativa se escinde en un "ella" para designar al niño-personaje y un "tú" para referirse al sujeto que escribe. Este dispositivo narrativo invita a compararlo con el libro Infancia de Nathalie Sarraute. Ambos textos consiguen que este procedimiento autobiográfico entre en la “era de la sospecha” y que se fragmente la unidad falaz del "Yo".

  9. 醒客王蒙——论读三卷本王蒙自传兼及其小说%WANG Meng as a Thinker: On His Three-volume Autobiography and Novels

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王海燕

    2012-01-01

    WANG Meng and politics are closely bound together. Going deeply into the society and being fond of vatiedness, he reflects on the intelligentsia's character in the era of the May Fourth Movement, the fate of men in political distress, politics of the officialdom, and the songs of those returning in the 70s. He ponders on the responsibilities of literature, absorbed in reforming novel's forms. He challenges and enriches realism with his impure realism. His unique parallel sentences have revolutionary signifi- cance. As a thinker, WANG Meng interprets the thinking and his autobiography is the sublimation of the process.%王蒙与政治的关系如胶似漆:他入世极深,钟爱杂色,透彻反思五四时代知识分子性格、政治落难者命运、官场政治和70年代末"归来者"的歌;他思考文学的担当,热衷小说的形式变革,他以不纯粹的现代主义,挑战又丰富了现实主义,他的"王式大排比句"独具语言革命的意义。王蒙是一名"醒客"(thinker),他以作品诠释了"醒"的过程。王蒙自传是"醒"的升华。

  10. The Maturation of a Scientist: An Autobiography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roizman, Bernard

    2015-11-01

    I was shaped by World War II, years of near starvation as a war refugee, postwar chaos, life in several countries, and relative affluence in later life. The truth is that as I was growing up I wanted to be a writer. My aspirations came to an end when, in order to speed up my graduation from college, I took courses in microbiology. It was my second love at first sight-that of my wife preceded it. I view science as an opportunity to discover the designs in the mosaics of life. What initiates my search of discovery is an observation that makes no sense unless there exists a novel design. Once the design is revealed there is little interest in filling all the gaps. I was fortunate to understand that what lasts are not the scientific reports but rather the generations of scientists whose education I may have influenced. PMID:26958904

  11. Practicing Sociological Imagination through Writing Sociological Autobiography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kebede, Alem

    2009-01-01

    Sociological imagination is a quality of mind that cannot be adopted by simply teaching students its discursive assumptions. Rather, it is a disposition, in competition with other forms of sensibility, which can be acquired only when it is practiced. Adhering to this important pedagogical assumption, students were assigned to write their…

  12. Identity as a narrative of autobiography

    OpenAIRE

    Luba Jakubowska

    2010-01-01

    This article is a proposal of identity research through its process and narrative character. As a starting point I present a definition of identity understood as the whole life process of finding identification. Next I present my own model of auto/biography-narrative research inspired by hermeneutic and phenomenological traditions of thinking about experiencing reality. I treat auto/biography-narrative research as a means of exploratory conduct, based on the narrator’s biography data, also co...

  13. Richard Murphy: Autobiography and the Connemara landscape

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elsa Meihuizen

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available It could be argued that an important feature of Richard Murphy’s work, and of his identity as a poet is the relationship between the creative self and a particular place, where ‘place’ should be understood as referring not just to physical qualities of the natural environment, but in a broader sense to denote an environment in which everything is interrelated and connected, and in which there is no sharp division between the natural and the human. The landscape providing inspiration for Murphy’s poetic imagination is the landscapes and seascapes of Connemara in north-west Ireland. In 1959 he settled in this environment which was to be his base for the next 20 years and from this period and this location emanated the bulk of his poetic oeuvre. For Murphy committing to a life of writing poetry necessarily means being in the Connemara landscape. Returning to this environment in adulthood represents a quest for recovering childhood feelings, of belonging and love, as connected to particular places. Murphy’s Connemara poems could be read as an account of this process of re-placement, as a type of autobiographical text in which the artist creates a ‘double portrait’: in writing about the landscape he also writes about himself, creating a place-portrait which is, at the same time, a self-portrait.

  14. Between autobiography and reality : Popper's inductive years

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    ter Hark, M

    2002-01-01

    On the basis of his unpublished thesis 'Gewohnheit und Gesetzerlebnis in der Erziehung' (1926-7) a historical reconstruction is given of the genesis of Popper's ideas on induction and demarcation which differs radically from his own account in Unended quest. It is shown not only that he wholehearted

  15. First Person Past: American Autobiographies, Volume 2

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    American literature, biography, Tunis Campbell, Black Elk, Andrew Carnegie, Booker T. Washington, Mary Antin, Mary Jones, Frederic Howe, Anna Howard Shaw, Woody Guthrie, Monica Sone, Anne Moody, Ron Kovic......American literature, biography, Tunis Campbell, Black Elk, Andrew Carnegie, Booker T. Washington, Mary Antin, Mary Jones, Frederic Howe, Anna Howard Shaw, Woody Guthrie, Monica Sone, Anne Moody, Ron Kovic...

  16. First Person Past: American Autobiographies, volume 1

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    United States, literature, Benjamin Franklin, Olaudah Equino, Davy Crockett, Black Hawk, Harriet Robinson, Frederick Douglass, Harriet Jacobs, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Ulysses S. Grant, Tunis Gulic Campbell......United States, literature, Benjamin Franklin, Olaudah Equino, Davy Crockett, Black Hawk, Harriet Robinson, Frederick Douglass, Harriet Jacobs, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Ulysses S. Grant, Tunis Gulic Campbell...

  17. Cees Th. Smit Sibinga : An Autobiography

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sibinga, Cees Th. Smit

    2009-01-01

    Cees Smit Sibinga was born in 1939 in Makassar in the former Dutch East Indies and spent the first part of his life in a Japanese internment camp. This experience was extremely important for the development of his attitude in and philosophy of life, in which a positive fighter spirit predominates. H

  18. Biography versus Fiction or the Value of Testimony in Jacobs’s and Stowe’s Narratives about Slavery (Autobiographie contre fiction ou la valeur du témoignage dans les récits d’esclavages de Jacobs et de Stowe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne Garrait-Bourrier

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Cette étude comparée a pour projet de souligner les différences culturelles qui existent entre deux genres littéraires de la période antebellum : les récits d’esclaves et la fiction abolitionniste. Via l’approche d’extraits de textes tirés de l’autobiographie d’Harriet Jacobs Incidents in the Life of A Slave Girl, écrite sous le pseudonyme de Linda Brent et du roman de Harriet Beecher-Stowe Uncle Tom’s Cabin, nous soulignerons le témoignage historique commun qui ressort de ces deux textes. Bien que d’essence et de sources différentes, ces deux récits – celui de l’ancienne esclave et celui de l’intellectuelle blanche – offrent une image authentique de l’histoire américaine d’avant guerre civile essentielle et dénoncent le même fléau: l’esclavage.

  19. From Intelligence to Leadership: A Brief Intellectual Autobiography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sternberg, Robert J.

    2011-01-01

    "Everyone else was turning the page but I had not yet finished the first item." That is how the author remembers the beginning of his interest in intelligence. For whatever reason, he decided while in elementary school that intelligence is modifiable, and every year he authored a work book with exercises children could complete to increase their…

  20. Nietzsche, autobiography, history: mourning and Martin and John.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Champagne, J

    1998-01-01

    How might gay and lesbian literature be read not as a mimetic representation of homosexuality, but as an activity linked to problems of subjectivity and historiography? Reading Dale Peck's novel Martin and John alongside passages from Friedrich Nietzsche's "On the Uses and Disadvantages of History for Life" and Sigmund Freud's "Mourning and Melancholia," this essay argues for an understanding of Peck's text as an attempt to link two apparently different processes of import to contemporary gay male subjects in particular: the writing of what Nietzsche terms "critical history," and the mourning of those lost to HIV disease. It concludes by linking Martin and John to feminist critiques of identity and traditional historiography, as well as noting the connection between these two critiques.

  1. From Poetry & Autobiography to Poetry & “Autothanatography”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hélène AJI

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available The project for this issue started in a questioning about the possible bridges between poetry today and Romantic poetry. How to think beyond the now consensual but also constructed oppositions that helped the Modernists define themselves against their anxiety-inducing immediate predecessors? In the line of Marjorie Perloff’s 21st-Century Modernism, one is urged to this re-reading of the 19th and of the 20th and 21st centuries. Thus comes to be examined one of the major post-Romantic assessmen...

  2. On Being a Marxist Muslim: Reading Hasan Raid's Autobiography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ihsan Ali-Fauzi

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available In his recently published book, Clive Christie argues that Socialism, Marxism and Communism played a crucial role as weapons for Southeast Asian leaders in their fight against colonialism and as frameworks for them to run the newly independent nations. He also realizes that other ideologies such as those based on religion, which were older in terms of their coming into the region than the above-mentioned Western-originated ideologies, especially Islam in the Malay world and Confucianism and Buddhism in the Indo-China and Burma, also played a similarly important role. However, he provides only a dim analysis of the extremely intricate relationship between these types of ideology, especially between Marxism and Islam in the thought of leaders of movements such as the Islamic Union (Sarekat Islam or SI in the then Dutch East Indies. Most probably for reasons of space, he makes only a slight, insignificant reference to SI.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v9i1.675

  3. REMEMBERING THE GREAT WAR: AUTOBIOGRAPHY, FICTION, AND METAFICTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tom Burns

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho estuda relatos escritos da Primeira Guerra Mundial (1914-1918 através de uma análise da classificação do gênero e as estratégicas narrativas usadas por escritores clássicos e contemporâneos britânicos e canadenses. Verifica-se que as narrativas mais recentes incluem muitos temas importantes da literatura clássica bem como outros novos, de acordo com as mudanças sociais que tem ocorrido desde então. Na metodologia, os relatos contemporâneos mostram diferenças significativas da obra clássica, uma vez que aquelas tratem da questão de que como um evento que não se lembre mais possa ser recuperado ou reconstruído.

  4. Notes on a methodological discussion: autobiography, critique and time

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gunvor Løkken

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available After having tried for some time to overview the contemporary field of qualitative research to give a lecture for a professorship in that area, my idea at the outset of writing this article was to address whether changes in qualitative research should be viewed as recurrent revolutions as highlighted by Denzin and Lincoln (2000; 2005, or as a field of continuing key themes and long-standing tensions, as conceptualized by Atkinson, Coffey and Delamont (2003. However, during my writing, after one detour into the May 2009 issue of Current Sociology and a second detour into the July 2009 issue of Qualitative Research, my attention focused on to how critical debate and review are displayed in different methodological positions of qualitative research. In my reading, the discussion in Current Sociology between main stream and postmodern methodological positioning revealed an utterly one-way feminist critique; this was also the case in one of three book reviews of The Handbook of Qualitative Research (Denzin and Lincoln, 2005 in the referred issue of Qualitative Research. My puzzle over this critical stance, and my third detour, into Yvonne Lincoln’s discussion of twenty-five years of qualitative and new paradigm research in the January 2010 Issue of Qualitative Inquiry, helped evolve the following notes on a methodological discussion. The notes are partly structured by a temporal narrative over personally lived qualitative research, and partly by an epistemological narrative of a methodological discussion, interwoven with the passing of time when writing.

  5. Notes on a methodological discussion: autobiography, critique and time

    OpenAIRE

    Gunvor Løkken

    2010-01-01

    After having tried for some time to overview the contemporary field of qualitative research to give a lecture for a professorship in that area, my idea at the outset of writing this article was to address whether changes in qualitative research should be viewed as recurrent revolutions as highlighted by Denzin and Lincoln (2000; 2005), or as a field of continuing key themes and long-standing tensions, as conceptualized by Atkinson, Coffey and Delamont (2003). However, during my writing, after...

  6. Joy and flustration with organofluorine compounds - a fluorous autobiography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seebach, Dieter

    2014-01-01

    An overview is given about our work on fluoro-organic compounds, published or described in PhD theses between 1977 and 2013. After a discussion of structural F-effects and F-tagging applications the material is ordered by the various areas of our research, in which we have used and/or prepared F-derivatives: Li- and Ti-organic compounds and reagents, polylithiated hydroxy-esters and nitroalkanes, the enantiopure trifluoro-lactic, -Roche, and -3-hydroxy-butanoic acids as toolbox for the preparation of numerous F₃C-substituted compounds, including natural products and dendrimers, and fluoro-α-, -β-, and -δ-amino acids, as well as peptides with back-bond-bound fluorine. The strong influence on β-peptide folding by fluoro-substituents in the α-position of β-amino-acid residues is discussed in terms of the α-fluoro-amide conformational effect. Finally, some cases of totally unexpected effects on reactivity and structure exerted by fluoro-substitution are presented and taken as examples for our use of the terms flustrate and flustration in connection with organo-fluorine chemistry. PMID:25198744

  7. After Life Review: Autobiography as "Art of the Future"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karpiak, Irene

    2010-01-01

    When adult students write their life story, they gather selected life experiences and transform these onto the written page. In the course of this literary process they revisit sites of the past and reflect on the meaning of past events; many reconstruct these events from the point of view of the present, and most close their narrative by…

  8. Ambivalence and Ambiguity in The Autobiography of Miss Jane Pittman

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monica Michlin

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available This close reading of the text highlights how Miss Jane, in her double role as protagonist and narrator, shows considerable ambivalence towards friend and foe alike, with the result that the apparently transparent ideological meaning of entire episodes is blurred by what some critics have merely put down to “conservatism.” I examine Miss Jane’s almost constant suppression of emotion, and frequent displays of ambivalence towards other black people; her ambiguous relationship to oppressive, but familiar whites like Albert Cluveau or Robert Samson; and her conflicted relation to black heroes and heroics. Is the leading character a variation on the “mammy” who has internalized racist figures of speech, and uses contradictory images that undermine black heroics and validate white oppression? Or is Gaines’s point to undo the “retrick” of heroics and of alienation alike, and, against of backdrop of constant, ordinary destruction of black lives, to cast the adult Miss Jane as a Brer Rabbit-like figure, for whom survival and resistance are both dialectically connected and opposed? Is there a contradiction between her “progress” towards resistance shown in the last section, and her metadiscursive comments in the present, and does her literally walking out of her own story give a conclusive meaning to her narrative, or does it point to the author’s not having been able to resolve the ambivalence and ambiguities within the text?

  9. The African Diaspora: Using the Multivalent Theory to Understand Slave Autobiographies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morehouse, Maggi M.

    2007-01-01

    In simple terms, diaspora can be defined as the identity community that is formed when people move. Although the term African Diaspora seems relatively new, a number of 20th century scholars have utilized a diasporic framework to explain the commonalities among people of African descent around the world. The earliest scholars did not use the term;…

  10. Participation Cartography: Blurring the Boundaries of Space, Autobiography, and Memory by Means of Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sotelo-Castro, Luis Carlos

    2010-01-01

    In this article, I focus on the empowering potential of a participatory practice that frames walking as integral to a performative, self-mapping, and aesthetic process. By discussing my experience as a participant in "Ere Be Dragons" (2007), a work by the artists collective Active Ingredient (Rachel Jacobs and Matt Watkins), I set out some new…

  11. Review Essay: Auto/Biography as Method: Dialectical Sociology of Everyday Life

    OpenAIRE

    Roth, Wolff-Michael

    2002-01-01

    Our Lives as Databases ist das Produkt eines Forschungsprojekts, in dem die teilnehmenden Autoren das kollektive Schreiben und Analysieren ihrer Autobiographien als Medium zum Praktizieren akademischer Soziologie benutzen. In diesem Beitrag beschreibe ich die Struktur und den Inhalt dieses ungewöhnlichen und sehr interessanten Buches und stelle meine Lesart anhand der exemplarischen Analyse eines der Kapitel dar. Obwohl der Herausgeber des Sammelbandes überzeugend für das kollektive Schreiben...

  12. IT DOESN'T TAKE A HERO; GEN H. NORMAN SCHWARZKOPF - THE AUTOBIOGRAPHY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N.M. Cowling

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available The Gulf War of 1991 was possibly the most mesmerising military conflict of recent times. In a world charged with violence, this particular war somehow stood out and captured the public's imagination. This can be attributed to a number of factors, the most important being the fact that leading western powers participated in Operation Desert Storm. Along with this they deployed an enormous range of sophisticated and hi-tech weaponry in the Persian Gulf adding a new dimension to the clash which became impossible to ignore. The disproportionately high media profiles of Desert Shield and Desert Storm was due to the role played by television. For the first time audiences around the globe were able to watch the war unfolding live in their living rooms courtesy of expanding technology and 24 hour news networks.

  13. Visual Auto/biography, Hysteria, and the Pedagogical Performance of the "Real."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hesford, Wendy S.

    2000-01-01

    Discusses Mindy Faber's autobiographical video as an allegory of contradictory interpretations of female hysteria as both a theater of femininity and feminist revolt. Provides an analysis of the resonance between student responses to "Delirium" (her auto/biographical video about her mother's long battle with mental illness) and contemporary…

  14. Mario Rispoli, Jean-Charles Depaule, Italien du Caire. Une autobiographie

    OpenAIRE

    Charuty, Giordana

    2011-01-01

    « Une odeur, des sonorités, une qualité de l’air, des luminosités, qu’on m’avait “parlées”, qu’on m’avait montrées, que j’avais rêvées... » (p. 11) : telle est la matière sensible du pays des origines que retrouve Mario Rispoli à treize ans, en débarquant à Brindisi pour des vacances avec ses copains de l’école Don Bosco du Caire qui, eux, célèbrent l’Année sainte. Dans la capitale égyptienne de l’immédiat après-guerre, l’Italie est présente de bien des façons, plus ou moins antagonistes. Dan...

  15. STYLE, AUTOBIOGRAPHY AND AUTODIDACTICISM: GRACILIANO RAMOS AND THE MEANINGS OF CHILDHOOD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo da Silva Amorim

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available In this article, we intend to show how the oral compositions employed by Graciliano Ramos in his narrative Infância create effects that are both stylistic and interactive for its readers’ understanding, with meanings that are constructed from a need to update autobiographic facts in the present of the narrator as well as in his constitution as an autodidactic subject.

  16. Islands of Loneliness: Exploring Social Interaction through the Autobiographies of Individuals with Autism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Causton-Theoharis, Julie; Ashby, Christine; Cosier, Meghan

    2009-01-01

    Assumptions of difficulties with social interaction, or lack of interest in social interaction, are central to many definitions and conventional understandings of autism. However, many individuals with autism describe a strong craving social interaction. This article uses autobiographical accounts written by individuals who identified as autistic…

  17. Building a story: myths and realities in the autobiography of Laura Orvieto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caterina Del Vivo

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Laura Orvieto (Milan 1876 - Florence 1953, children’s writer, always loved telling stories. She asked everyone to tell her stories and, if she couldn’t find anyone available, she told stories to younger children. These stories were inspired by the many books she read and by the fairy tales told by old women.  As an adult, once a writer, her most successful work was inspired by classical mythology and the small adventures of her own children. But in the second half of the 1930s many things changed for a family from the Florentine Jewish middle classes, with the increasing pressure of racial marginalization. In around 1936 Laura decided to abandon her usual themes, and instead to turn to her origins and tell her own story, and that of her husband Angiolo and their respective families. The Storia di Angiolo e Laura is written in a simple and direct style, close to Orvieto’s other work. But in the final pages she allows space for statements that illustrate her painful crisis of conscience. Today we can ask to what extent these pages reflect a real biographical  journey: other sources complete, confirm or deny the events and states of mind expressed in the book. A parallel reading of a few chapters and other documents reveals less well-known aspects of the thinking and frame of mind of Laura and her family and illustrates her working methods. Received: 27/05/2013 / Accepted: 20/06/2013 How to reference this article Del Vivo, C. (2014. Costruirsi una storia: miti e realtà nell’autobiografia di Laura Orvieto. Espacio, Tiempo y Educación, 1(1, pp. 55-75. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.14516/ete.2014.001.001.003

  18. Determination Of Natural Boron Concentration In Coffee Leaves, Using de Autobiography by Neutron Capture Technique

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Determination of natural boron concentration in coffee leaves, using the autoradiography, by neutron capture technique. The boron absorption coefficient in young coffee leaves was measured using autoradiography by neutron capture. In two experiments carried out in April and November, 1996, it was found that the coefficient varies between 0.9 and 5.3 nmol/h. the concentration of natural boron in coffee leaves in regard to age, symptoms and treatment received was also studied, using the same technique. (Author)

  19. Disabling Men: Masculinity and Disability in Al Davison’s Graphic Autobiography, 'The Spiral Cage'

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    McIlvenny, Paul

    2003-01-01

    , these relations are often pervasively violent, insidious and subordinating, with the result that men dis-able other men. In order to explore the everyday assumptions of male ability in Western culture, which conceal dis/ability and the 'failures' of masculinity, I examine one example of autobiographical comics......, a 'genre' in which comics creators tell their life narratives . Autobiographical comics give insights into the cultural narratives and discourses which bound and limit the construction of the visible self. Written and oral life narratives have been used in men's studies research to document men...... on representations of men and disability in autobiographical comics adds to these growing literatures. Autobiographical comics creators use a unique graphic medium (both visual and textual) to narrate and construct a life story. Although such creators are few in number , there are several who have told...

  20. Jean-Claude Schmitt, La conversion d’Hermann le Juif. Autobiographie, histoire et fiction

    OpenAIRE

    Schwarzfuchs, Simon

    2010-01-01

    Le récit de la conversion du lévite Juda, fils de David et Sephora de Cologne, mieux connu sous le nom de Hermannus quondam Judeus, est bien connu depuis 1687, date de sa première publication. Il n’y a pratiquement pas d’historien du judaïsme médiéval européen ou de la « mission » chrétienne qui n’en ait fait état. Il a encore eu droit à une excellente édition critique en 1963 (Hermannus quondam Judaeus. Opusculum de conversione sua, hrsg. von Gerlinde Niemeyer, Weimar : Böhlau, 1963, Monumen...

  1. The musical identities of Danish music therapy students : a study based on musical autobiographies

    OpenAIRE

    Bonde, Lars Ole

    2013-01-01

    Music therapists need both advanced musical and therapeutic skills to work as ‘health musicians’ in the vast area of ‘health musicking’ (Trondalen & Bonde, 2012), which ranges from working with groups in the community to individual sessions with mental health patients in hospital clinics. The balance between musical and therapeutic skills in this training is the subject of continuous discussion in the training program at Aalborg University, as are the ways in which the musical identity of a m...

  2. Childhood, memory and autobiography in Holland : from the Golden Age to Romanticism

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    R.M. Dekker (Rudolf)

    2000-01-01

    textabstractBetween the 17th and 19th centuries, autobiographers and diarists invented new ways to write about childhood and children. At the same time, pedagogical ideas about child-rearing changed. This book looks at the connection between these developments. Childhood became more highly valued as

  3. From Entrepreneurship to Activism: Teacher Autobiography, Peace and Social Justice in Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharra, Steve

    2005-01-01

    This article argues that while social entrepreneurship shares concerns similar to those of social justice activism, the corporate and business ethos in the idea of entrepreneurship is not suited to the social concerns that teachers and other educators deal with in their everyday lives. The article points out characteristics of social…

  4. Student Multimedia Autobiographies: The Roles of Technology, Personal Narrative, and Signifying Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keane, Julie Thompson

    2010-01-01

    In 2009, the Parsons StoryCorps qualitative case study was designed to closely observe the complexity of youth engagement with digital media for self-presentation in an afterschool digital storytelling project designed to provide students with rich, varied uses of technology in a urban middle school in North Carolina. Several frameworks were…

  5. Disqualified in the Human Race: A Close Reading of the Autobiographies of Individuals Identified as Autistic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ashby, Christine E.; Causton-Theoharis, Julie N.

    2009-01-01

    Much can be learned about the experience of autism by listening to the voices of individuals so labelled. They describe their understanding of competence, living in a culture where autism is considered deviant, deficient and outside the range of 'normal' human experience. This paper utilises autobiographical accounts written by individuals who…

  6. Memories Across the Races and the Centuries: The Autobiography of Sadie and Bessie Delany Mémoires à travers les races et les siècles : L’autobiographie de Sadie et de Bessie Delany

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ineke Bockting

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Cet article traite de l’histoire de vie de deux sœurs afro-américaines, Sarah et Elizabeth Delany, telle qu’elle a été communiquée par « Sadie » et « Bessie » elles-mêmes à Amy Hill Hearth, journaliste du New York Times, plus de 100 ans après leur naissance en 1889 et 1891. Son intérêt est multiple. Tout d’abord, il y a l’aspect technique de l’écriture. Plusieurs difficultés s’annoncent. Comme les sœurs étaient de toute évidence soit incapables soit peu désireuses d’écrire leur histoire elles-mêmes, le livre fut, d’après Amy Hill Hearth, « tissé des millions d’anecdotes […] obtenues des sœurs Delany sur une période de 18 mois ». Deuxièmement, il y a l’exploration de leur ascendance inter-raciale, qui commence avec leur arrière grand-mère maternelle, née d’une maîtresse de plantation et d’un « esclave nègre », puis adoptée après par le maître de la plantation, et avec leur grand-mère paternelle d’extraction indienne et afro-américaine.Il faudra enfin essayer de dégager de cette lecture le style propre de Sadie et deBessie – et par là même le style de leur présence au monde – enfin de découvrir comment chacune séparément, et les deux ensemble, elles ont réussi, non seulement à survivre mais à fleurir dans l’Amérique raciste. Deux modes de discours s’annoncent d’emblée : l’humour et l’ironie avec lesquelles elles arrivent à créer autour d’elles une distance protectrice. S’il s’agit ici vraiment des mots des sœurs Delany, il n’y a pas de meilleure entrée en matière que le sous-titre de l’œuvre : Les sœurs Delany, leurs 100 premières années.

  7. [Psychogram of the Auschwitz commander: insight and confrontation through destruction. On the autobiography of Rudolf Höss].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeiler, J

    1991-04-01

    By reference to the personality of Rudolf Höss, the author illuminates once again the terrifying juxtaposition of criminality and apparent normality in the psychic life of a Nazi criminal. The inferno of the concentration camp is interpreted as a perverse explication and staging of split-off ideational contents in the mind of Höss.

  8. The lives of an American life - The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin and the idea of personal identity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joyce E. Chaplin

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available recorrendo aos campos da história dos impressos e da história da ciência - dois campos de importância indiscutível para entender Benjamin Franklin, o impressor da Filadélfia, e Benjamin Franklin, o famoso experimentador elétrico - este ensaio sugerirá que as memórias de Franklin são evidência de que ele pensou sobre si mesmo como encarnado em ações (como ele tinha se apresentado ao mundo, através de experimentos científicos e como identificado em relação a outras pessoas, como ele tinha sido por muito tempo, como um colaborador em diversos projetos e como um correspondente. Isso é diferente do seu sentido desencarnado e individualista que a maioria das edições de sua autobiografia, como uma simples narrativa, lhe deram. Edições mais complexas e com diversos textos podem ser ao menos igualmente válidas, sobretudo para mostrar como ideias de identidade pessoal, nesse ponto da história, eram coletivas e encarnadas.

  9. The Discovery of Anti-Matter The Autobiography of Carl David Anderson, the Youngest Man to Win the Nobel Prize

    CERN Document Server

    1999-01-01

    In 1936, at age 31, Carl David Anderson became the second youngest Nobel laureate for his discovery of antimatter when he observed positrons in a cloud chamber.He is responsible for developing rocket power weapons that were used in World War II.He was born in New York City in 1905 and was educated in Los Angeles. He served for many years as a physics professor at California Institute of Technology. Prior to Oppenheimer, Anderson was offered the job of heading the Los Alamos atomic bomb program but could not assume the role because of family obligations.He was a pioneer in studying cosmic rays

  10. Reality and fiction of an educator of the people. Study of the pedagogical mission of Federica Montseny through her autobiographies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michela Caiazzo

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In this work we intend to study, through the analysis of the autobiographical works of the anarchist thinker Federica Montseny (1905-1994, the educational context in which the writer was born and her attempt to transform the society through her own example and writings. The anti-authoritarian and freethinker background, the extended family of overtones inspired by Fourier’s ideal, the rational and secular teachings of her mother Teresa Mañé, the full immersion into the world of politics and workers struggles of the early twentieth century shapes the awareness of a child who will devote her life spreading the anarchist model. Deeply aware of the ethical and social potential of art, she puts into practice her ability to become a writer, a speaker and an educator of the people. Fiction and reality blend aiming to create a heroine. Received: 27/05/2013 / Accepted: 20/06/2013 How to reference this article Caiazzo, M. (2014. Realidad y ficción de una educadora del pueblo. Estudio de la misión pedagógica de Federica Montseny a través de sus autobiografías. Espacio, Tiempo y Educación, 1(1, pp. 77-96. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.14516/ete.2014.001.001.004

  11. Arthur Miller, Autobiography, and Holocaust%阿瑟·米勒,自传,与大屠杀

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    凯奈瑞特·梅耶; 李伟

    2007-01-01

    1987年,阿瑟·米勒出版了他的自传《转折时代》(Timebends),书中谈到二战后不久他对意大利东南部港口城市巴里的访问。在一条曾经被臭名昭著的法西斯占有的沿海马路上,他遇到了好几百个从纳粹死亡集中营里出来的犹太幸存者。他试图用依地语(一种为犹太人使用的国际语)和德语混杂的语言和他们进行交流,但对方的反应普遍冷漠。他走在他们中间时也感到了明显的敌意。用米勒的话说就是,“他们对我的问题毫无兴趣,也不能从我这里为他们自己找到任何帮助,哪怕仅仅是为了永远离开欧洲这块墓地而获得一张去巴勒斯坦的船票。”

  12. How Teachers' Autobiographies Influence Their Responses to Children's Behaviors: The Psychodynamic Concept of Transference in Classroom Life. Part II.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weiss, Stephen

    2002-01-01

    This article discusses how transference shapes relationships between teachers and students. It centers on transference as it affects teachers and teaching, as it emerges through teachers' behavior and their dreams. It also discusses and how consultation and emotional education can become vehicles for professional education and personal change.…

  13. Résister à la prison par l’autobiographie : Véra Figner et les prisons tsaristes*

    OpenAIRE

    Artières, Philippe; Dabbadie, Denis

    2010-01-01

    Emprisonnée pendant vingt ans à la forteresse de Schusselbourg, pour sa participation au mouvement La volonté du peuple, responsable de plusieurs attentats dont l’assassinat du tsar Alexandre II, la populiste russe Vera Figner mène d’abord en détention puis dès sa sortie en 1906 une entreprise singulière de résistance par l’écriture. La Venus de la Révolution entreprend en effet de constituer son récit autobiographique d’emprisonnement en un outil de lutte contre l’arbitraire du pouvoir tsari...

  14. 'From Jamaica to England Part 3: Primary sources and the autobiography of a 'Middle-Class Brown' '

    OpenAIRE

    Alison Newby (The first attached pdf is print and the second is interactive)

    2014-01-01

    The Ahmed Iqbal Ullah Race Relations Resource Centre is an open access University of Manchester facility. The blog 'Reading Race, Collecting Cultures' (www.aiucentre.wordpress.com) features on its website (www.racearchive.manchester.ac.uk). The Roving Reader Files category of blog posts is produced by Alison Newby (under the pseudonym The Roving Reader) in collaboration with Hannah Niblett (Collections Access Officer). The former provides the text and the latter provides the images. The R...

  15. From Dunce to Doctor: A Critical Autobiography of a Dyslexic Doctoral Student Pursuing a Doctorate of Clinical Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hunt, David N.

    2013-01-01

    Much is known about the phenomenon of learning disabilities, especially dyslexia in children. Only recently, however, has psychological research focused on adult learning disabilities. The bulk of research on the phenomenon of adult learning disabilities has been quantitative research, which neglected the subjective experience of those it is…

  16. Fragments of an Autobiography or Remembering in the House of Time: From London to Wisconsin, 1933–2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moira Roth

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Moira Roth visited the US in the early 1950s for the first time and decided to settle in the country because she found American universities to be places of her calling. Being deeply attracted to the wide range of ethnic and cultural differences in American society, Roth has since strived for artistic expression and established friendships in all corners of the world. Roth’s memoir pieces span seven decades. They reflect upon encounters with refugees in her mother’s outside London home in World War II, the Bohemian culture in Northern California in the 1960s, and the impact on her of various feminist-inspired art projects in the 1970s and 1980s. We, her readers, find ourselves exploring these decades in the virtual presence of Moira Roth.

  17. Coetzee's Notion of Autobiography and its Writings%库切的自传观和自传写作

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高文惠

    2009-01-01

    在库切看来,由于历史的叙述性质和意识形态色彩,历史场景不可能完全再现;同样,一切自传都是故事叙述,并为自我兴趣所控制,因而关于自我的真相在自传中不可能完全呈现.在、这两部自传中,库切采用第三人称叙述视角、一般现在时态、非连续状态的历史场景等手法,表达了自传即他传的自传观念.同时,他的自传还具有精神分析传记的特点,对自我真相的探索是精神分析的核心.对真相的质疑,恰恰表现出了库切对真实的执著追求.

  18. Autobiography and representation of self in the narrative and in chronic by António Lobo Antunes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula Renata Lucas Collares

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The present article is centered in the analytical reading of some chronicles published in the First Book of Chronicles (1998 and the novel Sôbolos rios que vão (2010, by António Lobo Antunes. This thesis shows how time, the memory, childhood and their respective events, as apparently autobiographical aspects are linked to the texture of some chronic and some novel. In fact, we can read in fiction several fictional possibilities and biographical. Structural elements of the Portuguese writer António Lobo Antunes narratives are pieces of a puzzle manipulated by an author. In the First Book of Chronicles and the novel, António Lobo Antunes revisits the past, not from a romantic view but from a critical process of self-reflection. Therefore, we will try to find meaning in the intertextual marks, in the author’s voice slips, in the contact between literary and autobiographical discourses. The analysis is based on literary theory, with support from studies of Philippe Lejeune.

  19. E.L. Doctorow’s fictional autobiography: World’s Fair (1985 as a carnivalesque Bildungsroman

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Philip van der Merwe

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available In World’s Fair (1985 E.L. (Edgar Lawrence Doctorow (1931– artistically transforms autobiographical and historical facts and memories of the actual world of his childhood into a Bildungsroman. Doctorow was in his fifties when he wrote this novel, which is widely regarded as more autobiographic than his other Bildungsromane, namely The Book of Daniel (1971, Loon Lake (1980 and Billy Bathgate (1989. This fictionalisation takes place through the use of a retrospective narrator who depicts the memories of his formative experiences as a nine-year-old boy. The novel is marked by a striking structural feature, namely that positive and sombre or serious events alternate. The question therefore arises: Why does Doctorow construct his childhood memoir in this manner? In brief, the answer is that the narrator’s Bildung depends on a carnivalesque dialectic of dangerous and/or threatening events and the relief and/or repair of these same events. This article therefore attempts to make sense of World’s Fair in terms of selected aspects of M.M. Bakhtin’s notion of ‘carnival’. It shows a clear link between, on the one hand, this novel’s status as a Bildungsroman along with the personal growth of the narrator and central character and, on the other hand, a carnivalesque dialectic of seriousness and amelioration. It thus shows that the main theme of the book is, in fact, the reliance of growth on this dialectic. The article begins with a brief analysis of the novel in terms of its semi-autobiographic character and then provides an equally brief overview of Bakhtin’s (1984, 1985 notion of carnival. The main body of the text provides examples from the novel and thus evidence for the above-mentioned dialectic.E.L. Doctorow se fiktiewe outobiografie: World’s Fair (1985, as ’n karnavaleske Bildungsroman. In World’s Fair (1985 omvorm E.L. (Edgar Lawrence Doctorow (1931– outobiografiese en geskiedkundige feite en herinneringe van die werklike wêreld van sy kindertyd op ‘n artistieke wyse in ’n Bildungsroman. Doctorow was in sy vyftigs toe hy hierdie roman geskryf het, wat oor die algemeen as meer outobiografies beskou word as sy ander Bildungsromane, naamlik The Book of Daniel (1971, Loon Lake (1980 en Billy Bathgate (1989. Hierdie fiksionalisering vind plaas deur ’n retrospektiewe verteller wat sy herinneringe aan sy lewensvormende ervaringe as ’n negejarige seun skilder. ’n Opvallende strukturele eienskap kenmerk hierdie roman, naamlik dat positiewe en somber of ernstige gebeurtenisse mekaar afwissel. Die vraag ontstaan dus: Waarom konstrueer Doctorow die memoir van sy kindertyd op hierdie wyse? Die antwoord is kortliks dat die verteller, Edgar Altschuler, se Bildung op ’n karnevalistiese dialektiek van gevaarlike en/of bedreigende gebeurtenisse en die verligting en/of herstel van dieselfde gebeurtenisse berus. Die doel van hierdie artikel is om World’s Fair in terme van geselekteerde aspekte van M.M. Bakhtin se idee van ‘karnaval’ te verstaan. Dit toon aan dat daar ʼn duidelike verband bestaan tussen, aan die een kant, die roman se posisie as ʼn Bildungroman tesame met die persoonlike ontwikkeling van die verteller en die sentrale karakter en, aan die ander kant, die karnavaleske dialektiek van erns en verbetering. Persoonlike groei wat op hierdie dialektiek gebaseer is, is dus die sentrale tema van hierdie boek. Die artikel begin met ʼn kort ontleding van die semi-outobiografiese aard van die roman en verskaf dan ʼn ewe kort oorsig van Bakhtin (1984, 1985 se konsep ‘karnaval’. Die hoofdeel van die artikel bestaan uit voorbeelde en daarmee bewyse van bogenoemde dialektiek.

  20. Reflections on Doing Research Grounded in My Experience of Perinatal Loss: From Auto/biography to Autoethnography

    OpenAIRE

    Deborah Davidson

    2011-01-01

    This article, derived from my doctoral dissertation (Davidson 2007) examining the emergence of hospital protocols for perinatal bereavement during the last half of the twentieth century in Canada, focuses on the methodological complexities – the draw, the drain, and the delight of doing qualitative research grounded in my own experience of perinatal loss. With my dissertation now a fait a complete, reflecting back on my research, my use of autoethnography at this point allows a return to a ...

  1. An Autobiography of Teaching and Teacher Evaluation in an Apartheid and Post-Apartheid South Africa -- Part One

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naidu, Sham

    2011-01-01

    Apartheid was a system of government in South Africa, abolished in 1994, which systematically separated groups on the basis of race classification. The Apartheid system of racial segregation was made law in South Africa in 1948, when the country was officially divided into four racial groups, White, Black, Indian and Coloureds (or people of mixed…

  2. "I Was My War; My War Was I": Vera Brittain, Autobiography and University Fiction during the Great War

    Science.gov (United States)

    McClellan, Ann K.

    2016-01-01

    Applying the critical lenses of feminism, autographical theory and literary analysis, this essay performs a triple reading of Vera Brittain's multi-genre writings about gender, war,and university education. Focusing specifically on "The Dark Tide" (1923), "Testament of Youth" (1933) and "The Women of Oxford" (1960),…

  3. Autobiographie de A Lai: auto-thérapie de la souffrance par l’écriture autobiographique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yue Yue

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Connu par son obtention en 2005 du prix littéraire le plus prestigieux de la Chine pour son roman Chen'ai luoding (la poussière tombe qui pourtant mit du temps à s’imposer, le romancier d’expression chinoise A Lai, né en 1959, est l’un de ces auteurs tibétains sinophones par obligation. Il puise toujours son inspiration dans une souffrance qui l’accompagne depuis son enfance. En effet deux courts romans, respectivement publiés en 1987 et en 1988, et un long poème édité en 1989 témoignent d’un parcours douloureux jusqu’à la trentaine. L’expérience de A Lai est exceptionnelle dans la littérature d’expression chinoise, peu habituée à ce type d’auto-thérapie littéraire manifeste dans son œuvre romanesque et son œuvre poétique complémentaires et dont la dimension personnelle n’exclut pas l’intérêt d’un témoignage social.

  4. Untitled

    OpenAIRE

    Dale, E.

    1987-01-01

    The Burnett Archive of Working Class Autobiographies was gathered together by John Burnett, David Vincent and David Mayall whilst compiling their three volumes annotated bibliography, "The Autobiography of the Working Class" (Harvester Press, 1984-1989). This book includes descriptions of unpublished autobiographies and indicates their locations. Excerpts from some of the autobiographies have been published in "Destiny obscure: autobiographies of childhood, education, and family from the1820s...

  5. Asphalte

    OpenAIRE

    Foley, S.

    1987-01-01

    The Burnett Archive of Working Class Autobiographies was gathered together by John Burnett, David Vincent and David Mayall whilst compiling their three volumes annotated bibliography, "The Autobiography of the Working Class" (Harvester Press, 1984-1989). This book includes descriptions of unpublished autobiographies and indicates their locations. Excerpts from some of the autobiographies have been published in "Destiny obscure: autobiographies of childhood, education, and family from the1820s...

  6. Untitled

    OpenAIRE

    Gibson, J

    1980-01-01

    The Burnett Archive of Working Class Autobiographies was gathered together by John Burnett, David Vincent and David Mayall whilst compiling their three volumes annotated bibliography, "The Autobiography of the Working Class" (Harvester Press, 1984-1989). This book includes descriptions of unpublished autobiographies and indicates their locations. Excerpts from some of the autobiographies have been published in "Destiny obscure: autobiographies of childhood, education, and family from the1820s...

  7. Didysis propagandos subjektas: pokomunistinių autobiografijų pėdsakais. Great Subject of Propaganda: by the Traces of Post-communist Autobiographies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gintautas Mažeikis

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to analysis of description of propaganda subject in general and in the Soviet Lithuanian literature particularly. Propaganda sub­ject doesnt depend only on the procedure of discour­sive interpellation as it was in L. Althusser theories. The article shows how much important was social-body experiences and social-political body activities upon the examples of communist identity history in Soviet Union. For this reason the notions of sym­bolic sphere (J. Lotman, semiosis (U. Eco, dis­coursive order (M. Foucault and symbolical worlds (J. Lacan are separated and compared. Contempo­rary theories of psychoanalytic philosophy show meta-literary origin of politically important literary works and semiosis. It means that the sense of sen­tences of novels and poems were red and understood in dependency of heroic biography of writer, on the correspondent to the contemporary political and ma­terial life of political party and changes of political language. Participation in the revolutionary activity, class war, buildings of Soviet reality, II World Wars battles, postwar struggles, resistance to the Post-soviet reevaluation of all values, proletarian origin, sweat and blood were non-literal signs for the trust to literary work. The article shows that literary works of trusted writers were a collective creation and they were a collective semiosis. On the example of Lithu­anian poet E. Mieželaitis collective improvement of poems are discussed. The other step in the develop­ment of soviet semiosis and symbolical world goes in the modern independent Lithuania. It is developed in autobiographes of soviet writers and soviet cul­tural leaders. Post-soviet considerations about “Non lost generation” of one of former communist leader L. Šepetys are analyzed in the article.Post-soviet biographies and popularity of the ones are evidence of stability of soviet symbolical world with their social body practices and reading / writing experiences. Analysis of soviet heritage related to the building of soviet man not only in discoursive but also in the body sense presuppose interpretation of their symbolical worlds from sociological or even political / literary anthropology point of view. The success of soviet auto / biographies in Post-soviet period is also sign of openness of modern Lithuanian society to its memory. It opens well-affected oppor­tunities for Post-communist studies without any re­pressive desovietization of memory.

  8. 《富兰克林自传》的新传记特征体现%The New Biography Features Reflected in "The autobiography of Benjamin Franklin"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯恩蕊

    2015-01-01

    传记文学在20世纪初注入了新的血液与希望,此时的新传记掀起了传记领域里的第一次经典化浪潮,并确立了新传记“三板斧”.事实上,19世纪的《富兰克林自传》也体现着新传记的特征,本文将从“三板斧”这一理论对这一文本进行重新解读,从而更加深刻刻画富兰克林的人格的伟大与成功秘诀,以及传记文学的经典化进程.

  9. Menedzerowie i mafiosi: etyka motywowania w autobiografich self-made manow/ Manages and Mafisi: Ethics of Motivation in the Autobiographies of Self-Made Men

    OpenAIRE

    Michal Szukala

    2015-01-01

    The paper is an attempt to verify the assumptions of the motivation-hygiene theory by Frederick Herzberg in the context of the values and practices of leading managers of the U.S. economy. The two-factor theory is a part of every synthesis of management science, although its assumptions raise serious controversies. The subject matter of the analysis is the biographies of the most prominent managers, such as Henry Ford, Lee Iacocca, Walter P. Chrysler and Jordan Belfort (known as the ‘Wolf of ...

  10. Analysis of training load and competition during the PhD course of a 3000-m steeplechase female master athlete: an autobiography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisa Gabrielli

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The first author, Elisa Gabrielli, has been a distance runner for many years, and then at a particular point in her career, she decided to move over to the 3000-m steeplechase. She was attracted by this discipline as she believed that it would be the appropriate discipline for her, due to the challenge it provided her, and the necessary knowledge and awareness she had through her studies. For reasons that are discussed in this report, the 3000-m steeplechase is a race that is more difficult to interpret and manage biomechanically and physiologically than most others. Combining this with her PhD allowed her to use a multidisciplinary approach to review the competitive experience gained in this discipline. During this period, she indeed not only deepened the technical aspects of her training, but also those that underlie this discipline, through her knowledge of sport, with particular reference to the female athlete. Through her technical research, she was able to take ‘snapshots’ of what could happen from the physiological point of view. With satisfaction, she improved her performance in the 3000-m race and in the 3000-m steeplechase. How? In particular, she worked on her running technique through specific exercises. She worked on de-contraction and posture, while saving energy consumption. She worked on the control of her breathing, and she took into account her prevailing heart rate. This was all in combination with the consumption of specific nutrients, as she tried to manage the production of lactate with the training of the red muscle fibres that are rich in mitochondria. Finally, she tried to improve her perception of strenuous work, by training at high altitude. This allowed her not only to improve her physical performance, but especially to improve her mind-set, which allowed her to be more confident in herself and her abilities.

  11. Didysis propagandos subjektas: pokomunistinių autobiografijų pėdsakais. Great Subject of Propaganda: by the Traces of Post-communist Autobiographies

    OpenAIRE

    Gintautas Mažeikis

    2008-01-01

    The article is devoted to analysis of description of propaganda subject in general and in the Soviet Lithuanian literature particularly. Propaganda sub­ject doesnt depend only on the procedure of discour­sive interpellation as it was in L. Althusser theories. The article shows how much important was social-body experiences and social-political body activities upon the examples of communist identity history in Soviet Union. For this reason the notions of sym­bolic sphere (J. Lotman), semiosis ...

  12. Do Reflections on Personal Autobiography as Captured in Narrated Life-Stories Illuminate Leadership Development in the Field of Early Childhood?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Layen, Sara

    2015-01-01

    Research demonstrating the importance and impact of the earliest years on long-term outcomes is now well established, and the link between effective leadership and quality provision has been clearly made. However, the nature of the best preparation for such leadership remains contested. The qualitative research reported here is related to the…

  13. 吉他之神的记忆、噩梦以及所有关于ERIC CLAPTON的自传[CLAPTON:THE AUTOBIOGRAPHY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ 这是摇滚历史上最具有神秘色彩的感情纠葛.60年代末Eric Clapton爱上了挚友George Harrison的妻子Pattie Boyd,Clapton1970年的杰作《Layla and Other Assorted Love Songs》(和当时乐队成员一起录制完成)正是献给Pattie Boyd的.最后两人于1979年步入了婚姻的殿堂,但在相处将近十年后的1988两人又分道扬镳.

  14. Lady Gregory’s ‘Emigrant’s Notebook’:  Autobiography, Oral Narrative, and the Anglo-Irish Book Trade Le « Carnet d’une émigrante » de Lady Gregory : autobiographie, oralité et le commerce du livre anglo-irlandais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taura S. Napier

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Entre son mariage en 1880 et le départ de Sir William Gregory pour Ceylan où il allait occuper le poste de gouverneur de la colonie, Lady Augusta Gregory commença à rédiger un texte auquel elle donna le titre mystérieux de « Carnet d’une émigrante ». A cette époque, elle avait environ trente ans, âge certes précoce pour entreprendre une rétrospective de sa vie : mais l’œuvre qu’elle produisit constitue un mélange remarquable de réminiscences, de portraits et de vision poétique de l’existence, qui reste cependant imprégné d’une grande sincérité et d’un désir de révéler la vérité. Bien qu’elle n’ait pas été publiée et n’ait reçu qu’une faible attention critique, l’œuvre fournit la base de ce qui devint le moyen d’expression privilégié de Lady Gregory : elle allait en tirer les œuvres dramatiques et en prose pour lesquelles elle devint célèbre.Lady Gregory intitula son récit “Carnet d’une émigrante” peut-être parce que le second volume (l’essai, écrit à la main, occupe trois cahiers raconte ses séjours en Italie, en France et en Egypte avant son mariage ; et parce qu’elle quitta l’Irlande pour l’Angleterre et l’Europe pendant un certain temps après son mariage. Mais le titre pourrait aussi faire référence à un exil permanent de l’âme, loin du lieu et de l’époque qui apparaissent dans le récit. James Pethica suggère aussi que le « Carne »t fut commencé presque immédiatement après sa liaison avec W.S. Blunt et que son titre suggère un exil psychologique et sexuel par rapport à son existence passée.

  15. Deafness as Conflict and Conflict Component

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heuer, Christopher Jon

    2007-01-01

    Writers of D/deaf autobiographies or biographies face something of a dilemma when incorporating deafness into the stories they tell. This includes writers of D/deaf fiction because many such works are based on the same personal experiences from which autobiographies and biographies are derived. At heart, autobiographies and biographies are merely…

  16. (Inter)Views: Engaging Freshmen in Primary Research in the Composition Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Webb, Adam

    2010-01-01

    While literacy autobiographies, citizenship autobiographies, and family narratives are common first writing assignments in the freshmen composition classroom, they are usually followed by some kind of research proposal, annotated bibliography, or research essay. While there is nothing wrong with literacy and citizenship autobiographies or family…

  17. Salha-ye ‘Abri (Cloudy Years: From a new perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    علی اکبری/ کوچکیان علی اکبری/ کوچکیان

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Literature as an art or science is of different kinds; and these kinds can constitute new systems. Novel is one of these different kinds of literature that is also divided to many different kinds. Autobiography is also a branch of literature that has its own features and characteristics. There are also many capabilities in these variations and in their combination with the other kinds. “Autobiography-Novel” is one of these compositions in literature that benefits from both novel and autobiography. The writers of this article have chosen a novel by Ali Ashraf Darvishiyan for their analysis. This literary text is a novel that also contains some features of autobiography, and the writes of the paper have analyzed it from the point of view of “Autobiography-Novel.” Keywords: Autobiography, novel, Salhaye ‘Abri (Cloudy Years, Autobiography- Novel, Darvishiyan.

  18. To Construct Reality with Fantasy: A Reading of Alain Robbe-Grillet's New Autobiographies%用虚幻建构真实--解读罗伯-格里耶的"新自传"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张唯嘉

    2001-01-01

    @@ 在文学价值重构的20世纪,罗伯-格里耶无疑是一位引人注目的大师.50年代,这位果品农艺师忽然步人文坛,开始了新小说的实验;60年代,他又闯入影坛,推出了轰动西方的"新浪潮"电影;70年代,这位视"重复前人已发现的东西"为"最严重的错误"、把"不断发现新的领域"当作"最高的责任"①的新小说派领袖又进行了构建"新自传"的工作.

  19. 叙述中的权力——论《富兰克林自传》中的男权意识%Power in Narration——an Analysis of Male Chauvinism in the Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄川

    2006-01-01

    既是一部世人所赞颂的经典自传,也是一本包含了诸种善与美的道德律令手册.但是,在中,富兰克林表现出了明显的男权意识及歧视妇女的倾向,其叙述也体现了作者的男权政治话语.

  20. A Great Textbook of Virtues: Rhetoric Devices in Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin%一部伟大的道德教科书--分析《富兰克林自传》的修辞技巧

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陶久胜

    2005-01-01

    叙述了富兰克林具有传奇色彩的一生,详尽地介绍了他创业、奋斗、成功的历程,以及他为人处世的原则.作为一部成功的自传作品,更倾向道德力量的展示和教化功能的推广,并通过使用小说修辞技巧--视点控制与时距控制等宏观技巧和反讽等微观技巧,来表现对读者进行道德教化的初衷.

  1. 《本杰明·富兰克林自传》中认知型情态的作用%The Functions of Modalization in The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    康丽霞

    2009-01-01

    情态是语法中的一个重要概念,也是一个复杂的功能领域.韩礼德将情态分为情态(认知型情态)和意态(责任型情态).试以系统功能语言学中的人际意义理论为出发点,通过对自传体中显性主观情态、隐性主观情态、显性客观情态以及隐性客观情态的分析、归类、统计,研究认知型情态在自传体文学当中的特征与功能.

  2. An Analysis of the Structure of The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin%身份的寓言--《富兰克林自传》的结构分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵白生

    2004-01-01

    《富兰克林自传》是一部身份的寓言.它主要叙述了"印刷人"和"公益人"这两个身份"四大工程"的故事,但又不限于此,还同时揭示这些身份背后的"寓意".富兰克林在自传结构上有效地运用身份认同,把个人身份渗透到民族身份之中,从而使家庭故事升华为民族寓言.

  3. On the Ethical Characters of Benjamin Franklin in his Autobiography%试析《自传》中本杰明·富兰克林的伦理品格

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡永辉; 刘晓妍

    2015-01-01

    富兰克林的代表作《自传》中所倡导的十三条美德典型地反映了韦伯所描述的资本主义精神;富兰克林伦理品格中的自利、理性和受约束性使他成为亚当·斯密笔下理想的经济人形象,道德和经济行为完美的结合使他迥异于身处资本主义文化矛盾中的“现代经济人”.

  4. An Analysis on Benjamin Franklin's Self-consciousness in The Autobiography%论《富兰克林自传》中本杰明·富兰克林的自我意识

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    游航

    2015-01-01

    本杰明·富兰克林的著作中常常流露出浓厚的清教思想,然而,他却通过自我教育、自我审视与自我完善使自己逐渐摆脱了过去的清规戒律.《富兰克林自传》不仅为后人提供了一个成功的典范,从中也可看出富兰克林自我意识里从一个英国人到美国人的转变过程.本文正是从这一点切入,采用跨学科研究的方法从文学、文化与心理学的角度分析富兰克林在《富兰克林自传》中表现出来的自我意识和客体意识,探究二者的相互影响以及由此折射出的富兰克林的“美国化”过程,并阐释伴随着富兰克林“美国化”进程的美国民族意识的构建.

  5. Abrindo caminho para o futuro: redes de apoio social e resiliência em autobiografias de jovens socioeconomicamente vulneráveis Paving the way to the future: social support networks and resilience in autobiographies of socioeconomically vulnerable youth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Idilva Maria Pires Germano

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho discute processos de resiliência e redes de apoio social a partir de entrevistas narrativas realizadas com jovens socioeconomicamente desfavorecidos de escolas públicas de Fortaleza. O objetivo do estudo foi analisar como contavam suas histórias de vida, especialmente como enfrentavam adversidades em busca de recursos promotores de saúde e bem-estar. Os relatos foram analisados temática e narrativamente a fim de compreender como os jovens recrutam recursos pessoais, familiares, comunitários e culturais disponíveis e como esses recursos e as formas de manejo atuam de modo protetivo. Considerando que a resiliência também implica a disponibilidade dos recursos buscados pelo jovem, atenção especial foi dada à capacidade de suas comunidades em fornecê-los apropriadamente. Um resultado significativo é sua percepção do poder público como ineficaz ou ausente. Frente ao declínio da esfera pública, o jovem tende a refugiar-se na família e em seus próprios recursos pessoais para enfrentar o futuro.This work discusses resilience processes and social support networks among youth based on narrative interviews with socioeconomically disadvantaged students from public schools in Fortaleza (Brazil. The aim of the study was to analyze how they told their life stories, particularly how they dealt with adversities, navigating their way to health-sustaining resources and well-being. Thematic and narrative analysis were applied to understand the way youth achieve personal, family, community and cultural resources and how these resources and strategies have a protective effect. Considering that resilience also refers to the availability of the resources sought special attention was directed to their communities' capacity to properly provide them. A meaningful result is their perception of public politics and services as ineffective or absent. Facing the decline of the public sphere, youth tend to take refuge in the family and in their own personal resources as means to stand up to their future.

  6. Writing Autobiography through"Father":An Interpretation of Franz Kafka's Letter to His Father%通过父亲写自传——卡夫卡《致父亲》解读

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵山奎

    2010-01-01

    卡夫卡的是一部以书信形式写成的"寄生性自传".卡夫卡对自我"起源"问题复杂性的认识决定了这一作品的深层叙述结构.卡夫卡的叙述在"曾有一次"和"经常"之间不断进行调整和修正,最终描摹了一幅和父亲"共生"的自我图像,这一图像也隐含着他对自己的文学作品与"父亲"之间关系的深远想象.

  7. 居住在多维世界中--第四届国际传记研讨会述评%Inhaiting Multiple Worlds - Survey of The 4th International Auto/Biography Association Conference

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李战子

    2004-01-01

    @@ 第四届国际传记研讨会于2004年3月14至18日在香港中文大学英语系召开,来自世界各地的70多位学者参加了会议.本次会议的议题是"居住在多维世界中--(反)全球化时代的传记",由于在香港这个多元文化地区召开,会议的议题似乎格外贴切,具体的议题涉及到移民的自我、散居的自我,尤其是散居的中国人;作为自传和传记的旅行写作,包括日记和书信等;电子自我和在线的全球化身份;全球化媒体--电影、录像、电视、网络和身份构建;以及多语的(multilingual)自我等等,可谓丰富多彩.

  8. Histórias de vida e autobiografias na formação de professores e profissão docente (Brasil, 1985-2003 Life histories and autobiographies in teacher education and teaching profession (Brazil, 1985-2003

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Belmira Oliveira Bueno

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available O texto apresenta uma revisão de trabalhos da área de Educação que fizeram uso das histórias de vida e dos estudos autobiográficos como metodologia de investigação científica no Brasil. Dois recortes foram efetuados, um temporal e outro temático, para focalizar o período compreendido entre 1985 e 2003 e privilegiar dois temas: formação de professores e profissão docente. O objetivo principal foi o de mapear a produção nacional, buscando identificar as temáticas que emergiram com maior força, apontando aspectos lacunares e indicando direções para futuros estudos na área. Várias fontes foram utilizadas: resumos de teses e dissertações (banco de teses da CAPES; textos completos de teses e dissertações defendidas nos programas de pós-graduação da Pontifícia Universidade Católica de São Paulo - PUC-SP - e da Faculdade de Educação da Universidade de São Paulo - FEUSP -; livros; e periódicos científicos. As análises levaram a concluir que o uso dessas abordagens cresceu significativamente no Brasil a partir dos anos de 1990, porém, de modo muito disperso, foram utilizadas muito mais como fonte de dados para o desenvolvimento de um largo espectro de pesquisas e muito timidamente como dispositivos de formação. Todavia, evidenciou-se que a intensificação de tais metodologias contribuiu para renovar as pesquisas sobre os professores, ao mesmo tempo em que fez aflorar o interesse por questões e temáticas novas, tais como as que se configuram, por exemplo, nos estudos sobre profissão, profissionalização e identidades docentes.The text offers a review within the area of Education of the works that make use of life histories and autobiographic studies as a scientific research methodology in Brazil. The period between 1985 and 2003 is focused under two different slants, one temporal, and the other thematic: teacher education and teaching profession. The main purpose here was to map out the national production, seeking to identify the themes that have emerged with greater strength, pointing out deficient aspects, and suggesting directions for future studies in this field. Several sources were utilized: abstracts of theses and dissertations from the CAPES database; complete texts of theses and dissertations presented to the graduate programs of the Pontifical Catholic University of São Paulo - PUC-SP - and of the Faculty of Education of the University of São Paulo - FEUSP; books; and scientific journals. The analyses have shown that the use of these approaches has grown significantly in Brazil since the 1990s but, in a very disperse manner, they have been used more as a source of data for the development of a wide spectrum of studies, and only timidly as formation devices. Nevertheless, it has become apparent that the rise of these methodologies has contributed to a renewal in the studies about teachers, at the same time that it has fostered the interest in new issues and themes, such as those developed, for example, in the researches about profession, professionalization and teacher identity.

  9. Intergraded, Outspoken with Mortality and Talent on Tianshu Autobiography of Tian Shaoqing%守节切直 德才兼备——论《田叔列传》之田少卿

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘玲娣

    2012-01-01

    田叔是西汉初从河北走出的官员。他廉洁奉公,严谨自律,有才干,更有操守,是一位名臣兼长者,其"官品"、"人品"都值得称道。司马迁称赞他秉守气节、忠诚耿直,崇尚道义、正直无私,尤其是在掌重权、任高官时能坚持真理、堂堂正正,不向歪风邪气屈服。在多重价值观并存的今天,此等品格很值得推重。%Tianshu was an official from Hebei. He was self-disciplined, talented with integrality. He was widely praised by colleagues. Si Maqian praised him as integrated with good personality, because he never surrendered to the power of evil. Until the day, under the multivalues of the society, such personality is still be respected.

  10. Poética, erótica y políticas del nombre propio: de la magia a la autobiografía Poetic, Erotic and Politics of the Proper Name: from Magic to Autobiography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorena Amaro

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Desde diversas disciplinas, Occidente se ha interrogado sobre las implicancias mágicas, poéticas y políticas del nombre propio. El siguiente artículo aborda desde las relaciones de analogía que en torno a él tejen la cabala y la magia, hasta conceptualizaciones modernas y contemporáneas sobre su lugar en la literatura, particularmente en lo referente a sus relaciones con el sujeto y el texto, como también a sus proyecciones en el nombre de autor y su firma, aparentemente centrales en la construcción del discurso autobiográfico.From a wide range of disciplines, the Western world has asked itself the question regarding the magic, poetic and political implications of the proper name. The following article raises issues that start with the analogies that both cabbala and magic weave around the proper name, to the modern and contemporary conceptualizations about the place of the proper name in literature. This latter is achieved particularly in reference to its connections with the subject and text, and also in reference to its projections on the name of the author and his signature, both apparently central in the construction of the autobiographical discourse.

  11. A Linguist's life. An English translation of Otto Jespersen' autobiography with notes, photos and a bibliography. EDited by Arne Juul, Hans F. Nielsen, Jørgen Erik Nielsen. Odense university press; Odense 1995

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gunver Skytte

    1997-12-01

    Full Text Available È un tratto positivo della linguistica di oggi l'interesse rinnovato per la storia della linguistica e per i grandi classici della linguistica, molti dei quali sono oggetto di un vero revival scientifico. Basti ricordare ii caso di Lucien Tesnière, le cui teorie oggi sono fonte di  ricca  ispirazione,  come testimonia  ii  volume  Linguistica XXX IV, I . M élanges Lucien Tesnière, Ljubljana 1994.

  12. La fallacia della scrittura nelle Memorie inutili (1797) di Carlo Gozzi : l’autobiografia romanzesca veneziana tra fattualità finzione

    OpenAIRE

    van Oers, D.A.C.

    2010-01-01

    The relationship between fact and fiction is still a key concern in contemporary research on literary autobiographies. This dissertation turns to the early stages of modern Italian autobiography in order to investigate how the authors themselves dealt with this problem. An analysis of the so-called Venetian novelistic autobiography (late-eighteenth and early-nineteenth century) shows a conflict between fact and fiction which indicates the authors’ insecurities as to the very nature of autobio...

  13. Logic Sequence of the Approaches in Benjamin Franklin’s How I Taught Myself to Write

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭亮

    2013-01-01

    The best writing of Benjamin Franklin is founded in his own autobiography. This essay reveals the striking logic sequence of the approaches mentioned in the prose How I Taught Myself to Write from autobiography, and concludes the enlightenment for vast teachers when they lecture English writing.

  14. The Education of Eva Hoffman.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Proefriedt, William

    1991-01-01

    Reviews the autobiography of Eva Hoffman, "Lost in Translation: A Life in a New Language" (Dutton, 1989). Hoffman, whose family left Poland in the 1950s, offers a consciously bicultural view of the immigrant experience, in contrast to many autobiographies of those who forsake the old world for the new. (DM)

  15. Dust Tracks on a Road: A View from the Audience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamilton, William H., Jr.

    "Dust Tracks on a Road," author Zora Neale Hurston's autobiography, is not a typical black autobiography. Hurston is a complex woman and author who addresses both black and white audiences, shifting the cadences of her voice to invoke a readership that can hear the textures of many voices and respond to an underlying call to a world where race is…

  16. The Early Years of Watomika (James Bouchard): Delaware and Jesuit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Jay

    1989-01-01

    Publishes and critiques the 1855 autobiography of Jesuit Father James Bouchard, born and raised a Delaware named Watomika. Contains information about Watomika's family, genealogy, and early years; his conversion to Christianity; and Delaware religious beliefs and practices. Examines the literary and ethnographic merits of the autobiography. (SV)

  17. La fallacia della scrittura nelle Memorie inutili di Carlo Gozzi : l’autobiografia romanzesca veneziana tra fattualità finzione

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Oers, D.A.C.

    2010-01-01

    The relationship between fact and fiction is still a key concern in contemporary research on literary autobiographies. This dissertation turns to the early stages of modern Italian autobiography in order to investigate how the authors themselves dealt with this problem. An analysis of the so-called

  18. Hans J. Massaquoi’s Destined to Witness as an Autobiographical Act of Identity Formation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lindhout, Alexandra E.

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available In his autobiography, Hans J. Massaquoi describes the discrimination he encountered in Nazi Germany and Liberia because of his mixed racial background. Throughout his life Massaquoi had to cope with identity crises. Through the self-therapeutic discourse in the form of his autobiography, however, Massaquoi developed his hybrid transatlantic African American and African German identity.

  19. Teaching the 'A' Level Text: Jane Eyre.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crosher, Judith

    1987-01-01

    Discusses several approaches that students have found helpful for analyzing "Jane Eyre," including point of view, comparison, character development, language, imagery and symbolism, and the novel's elements of autobiography. (HTH)

  20. The Freudian Muse: Psychoanalysis and the Problem of Self-Revelation in Sylvia Plath’s “Daddy” and “Medusa”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laure DE NERVAUX

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available In his work L’Autobiographie en France, Philippe Lejeune famously declared that autobiography could only be found in prose:L’autobiographie est un récit en prose. (… [U]ne des données fondamentales de l’autobiographie (…, c’est que son auteur a l’intention de dire “la vérité" (opposée à la fiction; nous savons bien que cette “vérité”, il la dit avec tous les moyens de la fiction. Mais il faut que le lecteur puisse avoir l’impression de vraisemblance, de témoignage, qui est le propre du réc...

  1. Šimpans Cheeta avaldas autobiograafia / Eda Post

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Post, Eda, 1983-

    2008-01-01

    1930-ndate kuulsate Tarzani-filmide ahvist staar Cheeta on praegu ilmselt maailma vanim ahv (76-aastane) ning kirjastus Fourth Estate Ltd ilmutas anonüümse autori raamatu "Me Cheeta: The Autobiography" (336 lk)

  2. Don't Let Osteoporosis Slow You Down | NIH MedlinePlus the Magazine

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... of this page please turn Javascript on. Feature: Osteoporosis Cloris Leachman Leads By Example Past Issues / Winter ... new autobiography, Cloris , you mention that you have osteoporosis and asthma. Yet, at age 82 you were ...

  3. A science career against all odds a life of survival, study, teaching and travel in the 20th century

    CERN Document Server

    Wunderlich, Bernhard

    2010-01-01

    Bernhard Wunderlich grew up in Hitler's Germany and Communist East Germany before he fled to the United States and became a leading chemistry professor. This autobiography chronicles his passionate pursuit of science during the random turbulence of his life.

  4. Anorexia Nervosa: The More It Grows, the More It Starves.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oldis, Katherine O.

    1986-01-01

    Presents a bibliography of books on anorexia nervosa that are appropriate for young adults. Includes fiction, autobiographies, informational books, and books on the related topics of bulimia, bulimarexia, and therapy. (EL)

  5. 自传课程:穿越成人生活世界的教育之旅——基于后形式思维与生活事件模型%Autobiography Curriculum: a Travel Going through Adults' Own Universe——On the Basis of the Theory of Post-Formal Thinking and Life Events Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    代琴

    2010-01-01

    派纳的自传课程作为一种教学方法,与成人学习特征和成人教育学的新理念相呼应,对成人教育教学极富建设性意义.本文基于心理学关于后形式思维与生活事件模型的研究成果,沟通自传课程与成人教育之间的意义关联,阐明自传课程对于成人教育教学的启示与价值.

  6. A Comparative Study on Moral Perfection in The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin and Destiny Reshaping in Liao Fan Si Xun%富兰克林的道德修善法与《了凡四训》的改变命运之法的比较研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡超

    2007-01-01

    简述了富兰克林的道德修善法与的改变命运之法,并就这两种修行方法进行了文化层面上的比较研究.道德修善法体现了西方文化中的个人主义的风格与实用主义的精神,以个人为本位,构成了美利坚民族的精神内核;改造命运之法渗透了东方文化的集体主义的精神与舍己为人的高尚的道德情操,以社会为本位,体现了中华民族的博大的胸怀与恢弘的气度.但两者都崇尚谦虚/谦卑、生活简朴并都有宗教的渊源.文章认为富兰克林的道德修善之法、的改变命运之法的真义与目前人类开始关注的德商(MQ)是一脉相承的.

  7. Teaching Culture in British and American Literature Courses:Taking Benjamin Franklin's Autobiography as an Example%论英美文学课程中的文化教学——以富兰克林的《自传》为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹莉群

    2013-01-01

    文章从英美文学课程的特点出发,探讨在文学课程中进行文化教学的必要性,并以富兰克林的《自传》为例来分析实际教学的层次和方法,以此提升英语专业学生的文化内涵和人文素养.

  8. 20世纪美国自传研究的新趋势——以《富兰克林自传》为例%A New Perspective of American Autobiographic Study in the 20th Century in the Case of The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁雪生

    2008-01-01

    20世纪以来,伴随着西方哲学思潮的发展和当代西方文论的兴起,美国自传研究发生了显著的变化.从在20世纪的批评与接受过程可以发现,自传研究逐渐进行着从传统到现代的转向:从外部事实走向心理真实;从个人身份走向民族神话;从解构自传走向建构自我.这种转向拓展了自传研究的广度和深度,丰富了自传研究的内容.

  9. Ladies Almanack and The Autobiography of Alice B.Toklas : Coterie Literature, Roman à Clef and Textual Production%《女士年鉴》与《艾丽丝自传》——圈子文学、影射小说与文本生产

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程汇涓

    2016-01-01

    20世纪二三十年代,巴黎左岸出现了一批现代主义艺术家的沙龙文化圈,为圈子文学和影射小说提供了生产资料.巴恩斯的《女士年鉴》和斯泰因的《艾丽丝自传》以两个不同的沙龙圈子为影射对象,分别采用了编码术和腹语术式的文本生产方式.前者以性政治观的表现为出发点,后者侧重于艺术观的表达、个人形象的营造以及对自我文学价值的宣传.不同的创作目的和文本生产方式也导致了文本营销策略上的差异.

  10. Salha-ye ‘Abri (Cloudy Years): From a new perspective

    OpenAIRE

    علی اکبری/ کوچکیان علی اکبری/ کوچکیان

    2008-01-01

    Literature as an art or science is of different kinds; and these kinds can constitute new systems. Novel is one of these different kinds of literature that is also divided to many different kinds. Autobiography is also a branch of literature that has its own features and characteristics. There are also many capabilities in these variations and in their combination with the other kinds. “Autobiography-Novel” is one of these compositions in literature that benefits from both novel and autobiogr...

  11. Self, Nation, and Generational Memory

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Böss/Bøss, Michael

    2014-01-01

    A study of the former Irish president Eamon de Valera's self-narrative in his official autobiography as an illustration Alistair Thomson's theory of memory as 'composure' and as reflecting generational memory........A study of the former Irish president Eamon de Valera's self-narrative in his official autobiography as an illustration Alistair Thomson's theory of memory as 'composure' and as reflecting generational memory.....

  12. Inventario provisorio de las memorias anarquistas y anarcosindicalistas españolas Inventaire provisoire des mémoires anarchistes et anarchosyndicalistes espagnoles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joel Delhom

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available El autor destaca la importancia de la autobiografía popular anarquista española y propone un inventario provisorio.L’auteur attire l’attention sur l’importance de l’autobiographie populaire anarchiste espagnole et en propose un inventaire provisoire.The author draws attention onto working-class anarchist Spanish autobiography and proposes a temporary inventory of it.

  13. EXPLORING AND DEALING WITH ISSUES OF ‘IDENTITY AND DIFFERENCE’ AT MY WORKPLACE CONTEXT IN SURABAYA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Almodad B. Asmani

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Article explored the ways an identity was shaped within societies and how these might have affected the work as an EFL teacher in a workplace context. Data were collected from reflective data that was autobiography and other related research. Analysis was done by analyzing autobiography that was working environment approach and reflection analysis. It can be concluded that awareness of global context, local knowledge, and ability to listen support English teaching activities having many differences and the available condition.

  14. Este mundo de miséria e sol: a narrativa autobiográfica e a relação com o real na obra de Albert Camus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samara Fernanda A. O. de Lócio e Silva Geske

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Since the analysis the unfinished novel Le Premier Homme, this article intends to discuss the relevance of the autobiography narrative in the work of Camus and the tensions caused by the real with the fictional. In the novel, the childhood remembrances are the start point to the autobiography and at same time, it serves to the aesthetics of the narrative: this world of miseries and the sun turns the world of creation.

  15. THE WORKS OF CAFER AÇIN IN TURKISH ORGANOLOGY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seher Tetik Isik

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Cafer Açın was born in Ankara in 1939, as stated in his autobiography . He began his main education in 1950, registering at the Department of Instrument Manufacturing for Secondary and High School Students at the Ankara Technical Teacher Training College, and then studied at the Ankara State Conservatory, where his department was transferred in 1957. According to his autobiography, he wrote poems, painted and composed about 30 songs. He often mentioned his teacher, Mithat Arman, in his works, a man who contributed greatly to both his education and personality. In this article, the works of Cafer Açın have been examined.

  16. From Pupa to Butterfly

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    IN front of me is the Floating Stone, an autobiography-like novel written by a farmer writer. With a not very eye-catching cover and a somewhat baffling name, the book is not quite interesting to me. Care-freely, I took up the book and scanned it. Unexpectedly, I was attracted and finished reading the

  17. Student Attitudes in a Reformed Mathematics Classroom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ring, Rochelle; Pape, Stephen J.; Tittle, Carol Kehr

    This paper investigates changes in attitude using an adapted version of the Fennema-Sherman Mathematics Attitude Scales (F-S MAS). Writing samples, such as student math autobiographies, journals, and responses to mathematical problems, were collected, and student evaluations of teaching across semesters were reviewed. Over three semesters, a…

  18. Storying the Terroir of Collaborative Writing: Like Wine and Food, a Unique Pairing of Mentoring Minds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griffin, Shelley M.; Beatty, Rodger J.

    2010-01-01

    As two faculty members in a Canadian post-secondary teacher education context, the authors inquired into their collaborative writing process initiated through an informal faculty mentoring relationship. Situating their writing in the discourses of personal practical knowledge, social constructionism, narrative inquiry, and autobiography grounds…

  19. Dorothy Day: A Love of Fiction and Her Love of the Poor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brady, Judith Ann

    2010-01-01

    Dorothy Day's love of the poor originated from reading novels that portrayed the poor as persons worthy of respect. This article explores how Day's reading novels opened her mind and heart to the realities of poverty. The methodology is literature-based. Dorothy Day's autobiography reveals the novelists who captivated her mind and cultivated a…

  20. Unfencing the Range: History, Identity, Property, and Apocalypse in "Lame Deer Seeker of Visions."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanborn, Geoff

    1990-01-01

    Seemingly chaotic to Western eyes, John Lame Deer's autobiography has a meaningful structure based on Lakota numerology and oral tradition. The book explores conflicts between White and Indian conceptions of identity and property, and sees itself as an instrument in the apocalyptic triumph of Indian spirituality over White greed. (SV)

  1. Towards a Foucauldian Methodology in the Study of Autism: Issues of Archaeology, Genealogy, and Subjectification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vakirtzi, Eva; Bayliss, Phil

    2013-01-01

    The remarkable increase in diagnoses of autism has paralleled an increase in scientific research and turned the syndrome into a kind of a new "trend" within psychiatric and developmental conditions of childhood. At the same time, discursive technologies, such as DSM-IV, autobiographies, movies, fiction, etc., together with…

  2. Contemporary Curriculum Discourses: Twenty Years of JCT. Counterpoints: Studies in the Postmodern Theory of Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinar, William F., Ed.

    This collection of essays is taken from a 20-year span of "The Journal of Curriculum Theorizing." The volume contains 31 articles: "Living Metaphors: The Real Curriculum in Environmental Education," F. Krall; "Dialectics and the Development of Curriculum Theory," H. Giroux; "Autobiography and Reconceptualization," M. Grumet; "Women," J. Miller;…

  3. Positioning the Field: STS Futures (INTRODUCTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Steven Epstein

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The thematic collection entitled “Positioning the Field: STS Futures” consists of seven short articles that had their origins in a conference organized by the Science, Knowledge, and Technology Section of the American Sociological Association. These position papers blend autobiography, history, and STS analysis to advocate for specific future directions in STS scholarship.

  4. Transformation of Tradition: Autobiographical Works by Native American Women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bataille, Gretchen

    The Indian woman has been viewed as a subservient and oppressed female; often overlooked were the economic, social and political positions women held within tribal societies. The biographies and autobiographies of Indian women that have been obtained over the last century can be used to examine this contradiction in perspectives. These accounts…

  5. Growing through Literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, Barbara J.

    "Growing through Literature" is a curriculum using Joan M. and Erik H. Erikson's theory of the Life Cycle as a structure for selecting and teaching literature to inner-city high school students at Brighton High School in Massachusetts. The program consists of four component parts: Journals, Selected Stories, Discussion, and Autobiography. By…

  6. Women: A Select Bibliography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kusnerz, Peggy A., Comp.; Pollack, Ann M., Comp.

    This select bibliography lists books, monographs, journals and newsletters which relate to feminism, women's studies, and other perspectives on women. Selections are organized by topic: general, bibliographies, art and literature, biography/autobiography, economics, education, family and marriage, history, politics and sex roles. Also included is…

  7. Writing Life 1 in Language 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steinman, Linda

    2005-01-01

    What is second language acquisition like from the learner's perspective? I examined published autobiographies authored by those who have documented their language learning journeys. One theme that recurred across the texts was Writing; a sub-theme was Writing life 1 in language 2. Some narrativists/learners described the dissonance, while others…

  8. Indian School Days.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnston, Basil H.

    This autobiography relates the experiences of a young Ojibway boy who was taken from his family in 1939 at age 10 and placed in a Jesuit boarding school in northern Ontario, Canada. St. Peter Claver (later Garnier) or "Spanish," as the Indian school was known, was home to approximately 135 boys. Most of the students, who ranged in age from 4 to…

  9. Family Snapshots: A Descriptive Classroom Exercise in Memory and Insight

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gladding, Samuel T.; Cox, Elizabeth

    2008-01-01

    "Family Snapshots" are 100-words-or-less descriptive memories of times in the lives of families that highlight poignant moments. They complement other exercises within a family counseling course, including the use of genograms. Modeled after the "Washington Post Magazine"'s series "Life Is Short: Autobiography as Haiku," these snapshots give…

  10. Can I Have a Voice in the Nation's Classroom?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sughrua, William

    2013-01-01

    This article utilizes a reflexive ethnographic approach in the form of a "layered text" consisting of academic argument, literary criticism, biography, autobiography, and fiction. The dimension of academic argument involves "critical applied linguistics"; the dimension of literary criticism, Fitzgerald's "The Great Gatsby," Algren's "The Man with…

  11. Meglio che arare

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James M. Buchanan

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Contribution to a series of recollections and reflections on professional experiences of distinguished economists. Article originally published in vol. 39 n. 159 of Banca Nazionale del Lavoro Quarterly Review.   JEL Codes: B31, D71, D72Keywords: public choice, James Buchanan, autobiography

  12. Early Imagining and the Development of Empathy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sutherland, Margaret B.

    1985-01-01

    Considers possible links between development of empathy and some children's spontaneous creation of imaginary companions or situations, citing examples of Agatha Christie's "Autobiography." Questions if such activities show ability to "decenter emotionally." Suggests need for better methods of assessing emotional decentering and role-playing and…

  13. 'But Yet and Still the Cotton Gin Kept on Working...'

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, Alice

    1983-01-01

    Describes the work of Friends of the Children of Mississippi, a Head Start program which began in the late 1960s and for which the author was hired to develop Black history materials for teacher training. Presents excerpts from the autobiographies of several Black women trainees in the program. (GC)

  14. Management of Foreign Language Anxiety: Insiders' Awareness and Experiences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tran, Trang Thi Thu; Moni, Karen

    2015-01-01

    This study investigated EFL students' and teachers' perspectives and experiences of managing foreign language anxiety (FLA). Data were obtained from 49 student autobiographies, 18 student interviews, 8 teacher interviews and 351 student responses to an open-ended question. Content analysis was used to analyse the data with the use of NVivo. A…

  15. A Biographic Comparison Tracing the Similarities in the Lives of Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pass, Susan

    This paper focuses on similarities in the lives of Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky to enlighten study of their pedagogies and to provide some information for current classroom techniques. Neither man had a great deal to say about his early life, although Piaget published an autobiography. A number of primary sources were used to construct the…

  16. Connecting with Communities of Learners and Speakers: Integrative Ideals, Experiences, and Motivations of Successful Black Second Language Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anya, Uju

    2011-01-01

    Utilizing data from the language learning autobiographies of six black college students, this pilot study investigates the experiences and motivations of blacks who do and do not achieve advanced-level second language acquisition (SLA). It hypothesizes that successful black second language (L2) learners (1) have positive formative experiences of…

  17. Breaking the Island Chains: A Case Study Exploring the Intricate Powers of Language Shared on the World Wide Web.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winner, Tammy; Shields, Theodore

    2002-01-01

    Details the act of writing and publishing a literacy autobiography on the World Wide Web for an English course at a college located on a small island in the Bahamas. Notes that this activity gave geographically isolated writers an opportunity to consider the intricate powers of language and their space in the larger social and cultural influences…

  18. Notable Children's Trade Books in the Field of Social Studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Social Education, 1983

    1983-01-01

    Written primarily for children in grades K-8, the books selected for this annotated bibliography emphasize human relations. Books on U.S. history and culture, world history and culture, contemporary interests and controversies, understanding oneself and others, and religion, as well as biographies, autobiographies, folktales, and legends are…

  19. Resisting the author: JT LeRoy's fictional authorship

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J. Loontjens

    2008-01-01

    In the last decade, the interest in the relation between author and text, author and autobiography, seems to have grown. In my article, I use the story of the author JT LeRoy as a framework to analyse what this growing interest means for our understanding of the word "author." JT LeRoy’s work was co

  20. "Neither Can They Die Any More; for They Are Equal Unto the Angels": Secular Epiphanies in David Almond's "Counting Stars"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grace, Deborah

    2014-01-01

    Written before the successful publication of Skellig (1998), David Almond's short story collection, "Counting Stars," has attracted less critical attention than his more famous novels. Falling between fiction and autobiography, the earlier short stories are more firmly grounded in realism than the novels, which feature elements of…

  1. Tempests into Rainbows. Managing Turbulence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fleming, Robben W.

    This autobiography recounts personal experiences as a college professor and administrator (President of the University of Michigan) during the 1960s to the early 1980s. The 17 chapters discuss early years growing up in Illinois; college years; employment with the federal government; enlistment in the Army; the war in Germany; the end of the war,…

  2. The Failed Educations of John Stuart Mill and Henry Adams.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crossley, Robert

    1979-01-01

    Analyzes and contrasts Mill's "Autobiography" and Adams'"The Education of Henry Adams" in order to present two approaches to the nature of education and of failure. Maintains that their perspectives may serve as catalysts and cautions for contemporary theories of education and its utility and relevance. (CAM)

  3. [Charles Bukowski's acne].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bahmer, F A; Bahmer, J A

    2012-04-01

    In his autobiography, Charles Bukowski (1920-1994) describes his severe acne conglobata, his experience with therapy, family conflicts and emotional tension. Despite the stigmatization by his acne scars, Bukowski became a philobatic writer and a true chronist of the American way of life in the second half of the 20th century, writing in a coarse and obscene language.

  4. 5位最棒的前童星%Top5 Former Child Stars

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Kim Morgan; Faye

    2003-01-01

    @@ 1. Drew Barrymore How could we not include our little Drew? Though now on top as one of America's sweethearts,her lineage1 of theatrical and cinematic royalty is the quintessence2 of the live fast, die young kiddo3. Thankfully, she lived."Little Girl Lost" is the title of her autobiography and boy was she ever.

  5. Writing the Male Abuser in Cultural Responses to Domestic Violence in Spain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Godsland, Shelley

    2012-01-01

    The article analyzes the portrayal of the male perpetrator of heterosexual domestic violence in a selection of contemporary Spanish texts (novel, drama, and autobiography) that form part of a clearly discernible cultural response to the issue of intimate partner violence in Spain today. It reads the figure of the abuser in conjunction with a range…

  6. The Aesthetic Classroom and the Beautiful Game

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baurain, Bradley

    2010-01-01

    This essay explores an analogy: A well-played soccer game has much in common with a well-taught lesson or course. Aesthetic pedagogy, as conceived by Dewey, Gadamer, and contemporary theorists and practitioners, is set alongside the world's favorite sport, including events from the 2006 World Cup and the autobiography of Pele. The discussion moves…

  7. Radical Questioning on the Long Walk to Freedom: Nelson Mandela and the Practice of Critical Reflection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brookfield, Stephen

    2008-01-01

    Nelson Mandela's autobiography "The Long Walk to Freedom" describes how an iconic political activist and freedom fighter reflected on, and sometimes modified, four core assumptions at the heart of his struggle to overturn the White supremacist, minority hegemony and create a free South Africa. Critical reflection's focus is on understanding the…

  8. Barrio Boy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galarza, Ernesto

    An autobiography, "Barrio Boy" is the story of Little Ernie, a boy born in the tiny mountain village of Jalcocotan in the State of Nayarit, Mexico. Divided into 5 parts, the book offers vivid descriptions of the author's early life--his family, his friends, his surroundings, as well as events in the journey from Jalcocotan that eventually ended in…

  9. Getting There "Cuando No Hay Camino" (When There Is No Path): Paths to Discovery "Testimonios" by Chicanas in STEM

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cantu, Norma

    2012-01-01

    This essay outlines how the book, "Paths to Discovery: Autobiographies from Chicanas with Careers in Science, Mathematics, and Engineering" (Cantu, 2008) came about. I then use "testimonio" theory to analyze the narratives in this book as the data of a qualitative study, and I describe the general themes that the analysis highlights. I scrutinize…

  10. The Hidden Turmoil: Females Achieving Longevity in the Outdoor Learning Profession

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, Michelle; Gray, Tonia

    2013-01-01

    Being a woman in the outdoor learning profession can bring distinctive challenges and roadblocks. Even more difficult is sustaining a life-long career, flourishing into a woman's 50s or 60s. Based on this premise, career longevity seems elusive for some women who aspire to work in the outdoors. This paper analyses the autobiographies of three…

  11. Religion and self: notions from a cultural psychological perspective

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J.A. Belzen

    2010-01-01

    After a brief introduction of a cultural psychological perspective, this paper turns to the concept of self. The paper proposes to conceive of that reality to which the concepts of self refer as a narrative, employing especially autobiographies and other ego-documents in empirical exploration. After

  12. Autonomous Language Learning against All Odds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Xuesong

    2010-01-01

    Conceptualizing learners' individuality as dynamic and contextually situated, this paper reports on an inquiry that examined the genesis of a disabled learner's success in learning foreign languages on the Chinese mainland. Using source texts such as the learner's published diaries, letters and her autobiography, the inquiry revealed that language…

  13. Is There a Decline In the Reading Romance?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krashen, Stephen; Von Sprecken, Debra

    2002-01-01

    Reviews research on the development of attitudes toward reading to investigate the idea that as children get older, their interest in reading declines. Highlights include research methodology; attitudes toward recreational reading; reading at home; reading autobiographies; and the need to provide interesting books to children. (LRW)

  14. Sable Queens in Bondage: Reading, Independent Study, and Research on the American Slave Narrative.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Denniston, Dorothy L.

    This paper examines the scope and historical significance of biographies and autobiographies of ex-slaves. The document focuses primarily on accounts of black women published from 1820-1860, but also discusses several narratives from colonial times. Exploits of famous women slaves including Harriet Tubman and Sojourner Truth are analyzed along…

  15. The Psychology of Thinking, Animal Psychology, and the Young Karl Popper

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    ter Hark, M.R.M.

    2004-01-01

    In the 1920s, Karl Popper wrote two large manuscripts on psychology that he never published. in his autobiography, Unended Quest, he attempts to reduce the importance of his work in psychology as much as possible, and in his philosophical work he is an antipsychologist. However, in this article, it

  16. "Red Eyes": Engaging Emotions in Multicultural Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Hongyu

    2008-01-01

    Engaging emotions in multicultural education is an important but a relatively neglected issue in teacher education. This essay calls for pedagogical attention to the role of emotions and attempts to analyze how teaching autobiographies and films sheds light on the emotional dynamics of multicultural education. Two films, "The Color of Fear", and…

  17. "This Strange White World": Race and Place in Era Bell Thompson's "American Daughter"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Michael K.

    2004-01-01

    Aboard a train heading out of Minneapolis toward frontier North Dakota, Era Bell Thompson in her autobiography "American Daughter" (1946) describes a landscape that grows steadily bleaker with each mile farther west: "Suddenly there was snow--miles and miles of dull, white snow, stretching out to meet the heavy, gray sky; deep banks of snow…

  18. Into the Curriculum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    School Library Media Activities Monthly, 1991

    1991-01-01

    Provides fully developed library media activities that are designed to be used with specific curriculum units. Highlights include elementary school activities for reading and language arts (using the "World Almanac," identifying a story's sequence of events, and using autobiographies); science (causes of wind and learning about squirrels); and…

  19. A Family Occupation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vanderwal Taylor, Jolanda

    1997-01-01

    Many of today's Dutch writers were children during World War II. Even today, the traumatic childhood experience of enemy occupation is still central to the work of many of them. This interest cuts across the traditional boundaries between fiction, autobiography and the literature of trauma and recov

  20. A Postcolonial Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasch, Astrid

    2015-01-01

    This article reviews the experiences with teaching Jill Ker Conway’s autobiography The Road From Coorain (1989). The two weeks of lectures and seminars were part of a six-week introductory course to Postcolonial Studies for first year undergraduates at the English Department at the University...

  1. Emerging Adolescence: Finding One's Place in the Cosmos.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaefer, Patricia

    2000-01-01

    Discusses emerging characteristics of early adolescents from a Montessorian perspective. Considers adolescents' revelations related to cosmic education, their need to serve, their need to think and to feel, and their need to know the cosmos through finding one's place in it. Discusses samples from students' cosmic autobiographies. (KB)

  2. Benjamin Franklin:Deist,Agnostic,or Atheist?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Eric Luther Newhall

    1997-01-01

    Benjamin Franklin’s religious beliefs have long been a subject of both interest andcontroversy. He has been viewed variously as an atheist, a deist, and an orthodoxChristian. He tells us in his autobiography that during his youth in Boston he was "pointedat with Horror by Good People, as an Infidel or Atheist. Leo Lemay. pointing to

  3. On the Grammar of Silence: The Structure of My Undocumented Immigrant Writer's Block

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ledesma, Alberto

    2015-01-01

    In this reflective essay, Alberto Ledesma explores how being undocumented can produce a particular form of writer's block. He argues that there is a pattern of predictable silences and obfuscations inherent in all undocumented immigrant autobiographies that cannot be easily negotiated when undocumented students are asked to write about "their…

  4. Green Growth and Low Carbon Society

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Müller, Anders Riel; Tonami, Aki

    This paper ask the question of what makes Low Carbon and Green Growth and Low Carbon Society policy concepts that have not only gained foothold in their countries of origin, but also globally. Autobiography analysis is employed to discover the stories that these concepts tell about developmental ...

  5. Myth and Multiple Readings in Environmental Rhetoric: The Case of "An Inconvenient Truth"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosteck, Thomas; Frentz, Thomas S.

    2009-01-01

    Contesting interpretations of "An Inconvenient Truth" that treat it as political jeremiad, autobiography, or science documentary, we contextualize the film within Joseph Campbell's monomyth and argue that its rhetorical efficacy arises in part because Al Gore's personal transformation animates the documentary footage with jeremiad advocacy. In…

  6. Egodocuments and history : autobiographical writing in its social context since the Middle Ages

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    R.M. Dekker (Rudolf)

    2002-01-01

    textabstractDutch historian Jacques Presser used the term “egodocuments” to describe a range of autobiographical materials, including diaries, memoirs, and wills— the stuff we have been calling “life writing”—to signal its distance from earlier notions of what constituted autobiography. “Egodocument

  7. Resources for Women's Studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ridinger, Robert B.

    Over 120 bibliographies and other reference sources relevant to women's studies are identified in this annotated listing. Subjects include feminist scholarship, women in management, popular culture, autobiographies, other cultures and countries, history, lesbian women, women's education, the arts, politics, and rape. In addition to author, title,…

  8. The ABCs for Pre-Service Teacher Cultural Competency Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Ye; Cooper, Jewell E.

    2009-01-01

    In an effort to combine pre-service teachers' self-reflection with their field experiences to enhance their cultural competency, this study adopted Schmidt's ABC's (Autobiography, Biography, and Cross-cultural Comparison) Model in two courses in a pre-service teacher education program. Through group comparisons, this study measured the impact that…

  9. Stirring the Ashes of Public Discourse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marinara, Martha

    Sylvia Plath's confessional poem, "Lady Lazarus" can be used to illustrate a connection between autobiography and social critique. "You poke and stir" among the institutions that form social relations--the educational system, the court system, the economic system--to find individuals whose lives, whose joys and pains, and struggles for survival…

  10. The "Silencing" of the Lambs: How Latino Students Lose Their "Voice" in School. ISRI Working Paper No. 31.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quiroz, Pamela Anne

    This paper examines the relationship between Latino students' identity formation and their interpretations of the connection between schooling and career. Autobiographies were written by 47 Mexican American and Puerto Rican students at the end of grade 8, and again by 27 of the same students during grade 11. Virtually all students were from poor…

  11. The Abel Prize

    CERN Document Server

    Holden, Helge

    2010-01-01

    Presents the winners of the first five Abel Prizes in mathematics: 2003 - Jean-Pierre Serre; 2004 - Sir Michael Atiyah and Isadore Singer; 2005 - Peter D Lax; 2006 - Lennart Carleson; and 2007 - S R Srinivasa Varadhan. This book provides an autobiography or an interview, a curriculum vitae, and a complete bibliography of each laureate

  12. PUSH(ing) Limits: Using Fiction in the Classroom for Human Behavior and the Social Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mendoza, Natasha S.; Bonta, Kimberly; Horn, Philip; Moore, Erin; Gibson, Allison; Simmons, David

    2012-01-01

    The use of fiction and autobiography in social science course work has been shown to enhance students' learning experience. Using the novel PUSH, by Sapphire, we designed a curriculum supplement for the social work course, human behavior and the social environment (HBSE) that encourages students to integrate course content in an innovative way and…

  13. Truth, Memory, Selectivity: Understanding Historical Work by Writing Personal Histories

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koerber, Duncan

    2013-01-01

    This paper considers the use of a simple assignment, the personal narrative, in teaching students the discursive issues involved in doing academic history. Focusing on autobiography, I present the results of a survey of Canadian university students into their experiences with writing personal histories. Specifically, the survey asked students to…

  14. Portrait painter E.A. Afanasyeva: materials to life and creativity studying

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizaveta Vilovataya

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Article submits documents, materials and works of art unknown to the general scientific community, allowing to study E. A. Afanasyeva's creativity. On the basis of its autobiography authors of article tried to make her complete picture vital and a career.

  15. Performance through transformation of identity in road cycling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stilling Olesen, Jesper

    In this paper I investigate the relationship between skills and identity of an elite cyclist, who during his career managed to become a big star in the professional peleton. This is Jesper Skibby. The paper is based on a reading of his autobiography "Forstå mig ret." In the book he reproduces his...

  16. Karl Ove Knausgaard's My Struggle: A Real Life in a Novel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjerkegaard, Stefan; Schmitt, Arnaud

    2016-01-01

    In this study of Karl Ove Knausgaard’s My Struggle, the authors theorize what paratextual information does to one’s reading, especially in autobiography informed literature. Although My Struggle can be read both as memoir and novel, and even as autofiction, Knausgaard is aiming at a higher truth...

  17. „Geschichte des Mitmachens“ oder Opferdiskurs. Frauen als Autorinnen von Kriegsliteratur “History of Participation” or Victim Discourse: Women as Authors of War Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Astrid Gehrig

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Cordula Mahr ermöglicht mit ihrer Untersuchung von 70 Autobiographien deutscher Frauen einen Blick auf die „Heimatfront“, ein Blick, der bisher in einer vornehmlich männlich besetzten Kriegsliteratur, die Krieg in erster Linie als Fronterlebnis definiert, vernachlässigt wurde. Die Autorin konzentriert sich auf die Passagen der Autobiographien, die sich direkt auf den Zweiten Weltkrieg beziehen, und berücksichtigt ausschließlich nach 1960 erschienene Texte. In den Darstellungen überwiegt in Bezug auf den Krieg und den Nationalsozialismus das Selbstverständnis als Geschädigte und Leidtragende. Nur sieben Frauen schreiben in ihren Autobiographien auch ihre „Geschichte des Mitmachens”. Mahrs Untersuchung gibt gerade durch diese Auffälligkeit Anlass, auch über formale Strukturmerkmale der Autobiographie nachzudenken, z. B. darüber, ob diese eventuell eine Selbstdarstellung als Opfer begünstigen.Cordula Mahr’s examination of 70 autobiographies of German women provides insight into the “home front,” insight that till now has been neglected in male-dominated war literature, which defines war first and foremost as an experience of the front. The author concentrates on passages in autobiographies that refer to the World War II directly and takes into account only those texts that appeared before 1960. Self-images as the marred and the suffering woman with respect to war and to National Socialism dominate the descriptions. Only seven women include their own “history of participation” in their autobiographies. Mahr’s study also incites a consideration of the formal structural features of the autobiography, for example, whether the structures may potentially aid the construction of a self-portrait as victim.

  18. “Asincronie del femminismo”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Maldini

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This contribution offers a careful reading of the book Asincronie del femminismo, by Paola Di Cori. Articulating its thematic points, Maldini builds a “dialogue” with the Author, which is deepened by mutual evaluation of Hannah Arendt’s, Maria Zamnrano’s and Natalie Zemon Davis’ thoughts. Asincronie del femminismo appears as a sort of intellectual autobiography by a Feminist woman who considers a past where she was actively involved and participating. She tries now to investigate that past and share it with her readers/partners, in order to focus its peculiarities. Di Cori’s analysis is —together with Maldini’s reading of it— a subtle and thorough observation on Feminism, History, Biography/Autobiography, Gender e Gender History, Women and the University, Teaching of History and much more.

  19. Social comparison processes, narrative mapping and their shaping of the cancer experience: a case study of an elite athlete.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sparkes, Andrew C; Pérez-Samaniego, Víctor; Smith, Brett

    2012-09-01

    Drawing on data generated by life history interviews and fieldwork observations we illuminate the ways in which a young elite athlete named David (a pseudonym) gave meaning to his experiences of cancer that eventually led to his death. Central to this process were the ways in which David utilized both social comparisons and a narrative map provided by the published autobiography of Lance Armstrong (2000). Our analysis reveals the selective manner in which social comparison processes operated around the following key dimensions: mental attitude to treatment; the sporting body; the ageing body; and physical appearance. The manner in which different comparison targets were chosen, the ways in which these were framed by Armstrong's autobiography, and the work that the restitution narrative as an actor did in this process are also examined. Some reflections are offered regarding the experiential consequences of the social comparison processes utilized by David when these are shaped by specific forms of embodiment and selective narrative maps of cancer survival.

  20. Laborious and perilous adventures: the triumphant return of Francois Arago to France

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murdin, P.

    2005-08-01

    As a young man, while measuring the Paris Meridian in the Balearic Islands, the French astronomer Francois Arago was caught up in events of the Peninsular and Napoleonic Wars and found himself under arrest in Algiers. Released from custody and returning from Algiers to Marseille in 1809, he was detained again, this time by the British Royal Navy warship HMS Minstrel, but let go. The Algerian ships with which he was traveling were captured and taken to Gibraltar. The incident caused an abrupt deterioration in Anglo-Algerian relations, which however recovered when Napoleon declared war on Algiers. A comparison of the account in his autobiography with the logs of Royal Navy ships confirms the outline and many details of his account of his arrest but also sheds light on the reliability of his autobiography.

  1. The Making of a Genius: Richard P. Feynman

    CERN Document Server

    Forstner, Christian

    2012-01-01

    In 1965 the Nobel Foundation honored Sin-Itiro Tomonaga, Julian Schwinger, and Richard Feynman for their fundamental work in quantum electrodynamics and the consequences for the physics of elementary particles. In contrast to both of his colleagues only Richard Feynman appeared as a genius before the public. In his autobiographies he managed to connect his behavior, which contradicted several social and scientific norms, with the American myth of the "practical man". This connection led to the image of a common American with extraordinary scientific abilities and contributed extensively to enhance the image of Feynman as genius in the public opinion. Is this image resulting from Feynman's autobiographies in accordance with historical facts? This question is the starting point for a deeper historical analysis that tries to put Feynman and his actions back into historical context. The image of a "genius" appears then as a construct resulting from the public reception of brilliant scientific research.

  2. The musical identities of Danish music therapy students

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonde, Lars Ole

    2013-01-01

    on contributions from students participating from 2010-12 (n=21). Musical autobiographies have been analyzed (a) using the theoretical model of Even Ruud (1997, 1998), (b) as thematic analysis (Braun & Clark 2006), (c) using RepGrid, a qualitative research methodology based on George Kelly’s Personal Construct......In the music therapy masters program at Aalborg University (Denmark) Music and Identity is a short, intensive course, based on a musical autobiography written by each participating student. Since 1999 almost 100 students have written a narrative of their musical life story. This article will focus...... Theory (Abrams & Meadows 2005). Patterns of identity construction are presented, and the roles and functions of music in different stages of life discussed, including the self-reported influence of music on the students' health....

  3. Uro og urenhed. Studier i Strindbergs selvbiografiske prosa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stounbjerg, Per

    SummaryThe field of investigation In the dissertation Instability and Impurity: Studies in Strindberg’s Autobiographical Prose Writings, I assume that instability, impurity and lability are characteristic features of August Strindberg’s writings. Several studies have noticed these aspects...... to modern literature. They raise such radical questions concerning representation so radically that it is highly regrettable that Strindberg’s endeavours usually have remained unnoticed in the comprehensive international research on autobiography, which for several years has given the genre a privileged...... intentions, quotes from disparate sources are combined. While he tends to describe the represented life as alienated in the forms of writing, I focus on the interplay between life, self and writing as the irreducible aspects of autobiography. In the last decade, comprehensive studies appeared in some...

  4. Mapping historians: historians' orientations and historical production

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lisa Muszynski

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Narrative historians have long exhibited greater or lesser awareness of their own agency as authors, where absolute objectivity is precluded. Indeed, historians' reports of the past include their own orientations or attitudes, which can also be examined in historians' autobiographies. In this article we present a study in which a questionnaire was used to ask historians about their orientations toward their subject matter. How do historians approach their work as agents and what might this reveal about the nature of historical production? In our model, we have distinguished four criteria, sorted the answers using statistical analysis and weighed the results in the light of our expectations. Indeed, by exploring historians' presuppositions (exemplified in examining historians' autobiographies, historical production can be seen as an institutional process also steered by historians' orientations and agency with important philosophical implications for the integral relationship between historians' public and private roles.

  5. Towards an aesthetics of smell, or, the foul and the fragrant in contemporary literature

    OpenAIRE

    Fjlellestad, Danuta

    2001-01-01

    Despite the intense critical interest in the body, we remain firmly within the aesthetics that we have inherited from the nineteenth century in which only two senses, vision and hearing, are considered. In an attempt to redress the neglect of the sense of smell in criticism, the article examines the olfactory landscapes in Toni Morrison’s Sula (1973), Jamaica Kincaid’s The Autobiography of My Mother (1996), and Jeanette Winterson’s Written on the Body (1992), to show how the...

  6. Uus plaat

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Uutest plaatidest Marillion "Marbles", "The Prodigy", Massive Attack "Danny The Dog", Metallica "Some Kind Of Monster", Rammstein "Reise, Reise", Ahlee Simpson "Autobiography", Robbie Williams "Greatest Hits", Freestyles "Rawas F**K", "Michael Moore: Fahrenheit 9/11", Marilyn Manson "Lest We Forget", Gregorian "the Dark Side", Kool & The Kang "The Hits", Dream Theater "Live At Budokan", Feist "Let It Die", Compay Segundo, depeche Mode "Remixes", Bryan Adams "Room Service", mark Knopfler "Shangri La", Alfie "Soundtrack", Brian Wilson "Smile"

  7. A life in science

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This book is an autobiography by the 1977 Nobel Prize Winner for Physics. It spans a period of extensive development in physics, such as the beginning of quantum mechanics and its subsequent applications to solid-state physics. The author reveals his insights that have advanced microelectronics, computers and telecommunications and explains his views on issues such as the role of religion for scientists and the nuclear weapons debate

  8. From proteases to proteomics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neurath, H

    2001-04-01

    This personal and professional autobiography covers the 50-yr period of 1950-2000 and includes the following topics: History of the University of Washington School of Medicine and its Department of Biochemistry (Mount Rainier and the University of Washington, recruiting faculty, biology, research programs); scientific editing (publication, Biochemistry, Protein Science, electronic publication); Europe revisited (Heidelberg, approaching retirement, the German Research Center, reunion in Vienna); and 50 yr of research on proteolytic enzymes (trypsin, carboxypeptidases, mast cell proteases, future developments).

  9. Exploring the Universe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmidt, Maarten

    2015-08-01

    I cover my life and career, first in Holland during World War II and then in Pasadena, California, after we emigrated in 1959. My main work concerned the rate of star formation and the discovery of quasars and their cosmological evolution. It's a great honor to write an essay for this volume of the Annual Review of Astronomy and Astrophysics. It is primarily an autobiography with an attempt to link my own career to some of the major developments in astronomy.

  10. 马克·吐温新解——简评新出版的《马克·吐温自传》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    章燕

    2011-01-01

    @@ 去世一百年之后,马克·吐温(1835-1910)又出新书了! 2010年11月中旬,(Autobiography of Mark Twain,加州大学出版社,定价三十五美元)在美国出版,广受读者欢迎.首印销售一空,加印六次仍不能满足读者需求.

  11. The legacy of S Chandrasekhar (1910–1995)

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Kameshwar C Wali

    2011-07-01

    Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, known simply as Chandra in the scientific world, is one of the foremost scientists of the 20th century. In celebrating his birth centenary, I present a biographical portrait of an extraordinary, but a highly private individual unknown to the world at large. Drawing upon his own ``A Scientific Autobiography,” I reflect upon his legacy as a scientist and a great human being.

  12. Bibliographie

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Sources primaires — Romans et AutobiographieVoir la liste des abréviations. — Essais French Ways and Their Meanings. New York, Appleton, 1919. The Writing of Fiction, New York, Scribner’s, 1924. — TraductionsLes Mœurs françaises et comment les comprendre. Traduit par Jean Pavans, Paris, Payot & Rivages, 1999. Sources secondaires — Articles et ouvrages critiques (liste sélective) Ammons (Elizabeth), «...

  13. Działalność pisarska polskich zakonów żeńskich w dobie baroku

    OpenAIRE

    Kaczor-Scheitler, Katarzyna

    2010-01-01

    This article presents the literary accomplishments of Polish nuns in the 17th and 18th centuries. These cloistered writings experienced their height of development at The Order of the Carmelite Nuns in Cracow. Literature was also a pursuit of the female Benedictines of the Chełmno congregation, the female Bernardines, Poor Clares, Sisters of St. Norbert’s Order, and Sisters of the Visitation. The nuns dealt in the writing of chronicles autobiographies, prayers, conferences, spi...

  14. Jeffersonian moment: feudalism and reform in Virginia, 1774‐1786

    OpenAIRE

    Clinkman, Daniel Edward

    2013-01-01

    In his autobiography, Thomas Jefferson argued that his goal in the American Revolution had been to eliminate “feudal and unnatural distinctions” in colonial American society as part of the struggle for independence. This thesis focuses on Jefferson’s years as a revolutionary legislator in the new state of Virginia, and argues that while he was correct in labelling Virginia a feudal society, his reforms were insufficient to the scale of social reformation that he identified. Materi...

  15. La voie/voix féministe durassiene

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julie Beaulieu

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Marguerite Duras has always refused to be seen as belonging to a particular group or movement. Nevertheless, reading her complex work (text, drama, film, we find out a feminist project and voice at the same time. This paper proposes a reading of part of the author’s corpus following the narrow links between her life (autobiography, politics (feminist project as well as her aesthetics (writing.

  16. RETRATOS DA SEXUALIDADE: Uma Análise das Obras “La Monja Alférez” de Juan Pérez de Montalbán e “Historia de la Monja Alférez, Catalina de Erauso, escrita por ella misma” de Catalina de Erauso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helder Thiago Maia

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, I undertake a comparative analysis of the first pieces to narrate the life of the nun-alferez Catalina Erauso, better known as Alonso de Guzman, with a special focus on issues of gender and sexuality. Here I analyze: the first text to address the character, the play of Montalbán, the first published autobiography, Ferrer’s edition, and the first film produced on the subject by director Gomez de Muriel

  17. Relación Henry-William James y repercusiones en la obra del novelista

    OpenAIRE

    Álvarez Calleja, María Antonia

    1989-01-01

    According to Henry James's biographers, there was a clear sibling rivalry between him and his brother. The young Henry could not compete with William because of his own mild character, nor accompany him in the boys' games, always presided by his eider brother. The novelist could yet remember, at the end of his life, William's insult: "I play with boys who curse and swear," while with a mixture of affection and praise, describes the philosopher in his autobiography as a distant and elusive ...

  18. Performance Anxiety: Hysteria and the Actress in French Literature 1880-1910

    OpenAIRE

    Wooler, Stephanie

    2012-01-01

    My dissertation uses close readings of four texts dealing with the actress, spanning the naturalist novel (Zola’s Nana, 1880, and Edmond de Goncourt’s La Faustin, 1882), autobiography (Sarah Bernhardt’s Ma double vie, 1907) and autobiographical fiction (Colette’s La Vagabonde, 1910), in order to examine late nineteenth-century representations (and self-representations) of the actress in relation to the discourse of hysteria. I argue that in late nineteenth and early twentieth-century France, ...

  19. Memoirs of a Computer Pioneer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gillmor, C. Stewart

    Maurice Wilkes is generally known today as the first professor of computers at Cambridge University (Cambridge, U. K. ), director of the Mathematical Laboratory (later Computer Laboratory) there, and designer of the Electronic Delay Storage Automatic Calculator (EDSAC) computer, the first operational machine to utilize the concept of stored program. His autobiography, Memoirs of a Computer Pioneer, should be of interest to geophysicists for at least several reasons.

  20. ブルーナーのナラティブ論に関する一考察

    OpenAIRE

    今井, 康晴

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is elucidation of narrative theory in Bruner. Bruner has made suggests to develop education and psychology from the proposed new look psychology. And, he insisted on the cultural psychology mainly composed of "Meaning" and "Culture" as a pragmatist, and emphasized the function of narrative. The achievements are evaluated as a pioneer in the times of the qualitative psychology. Various styles, such as a story, dialog, narration, autobiography, diary, and record, are i...

  1. ブルーナーの教育論に関する一考察(5) : 第二次世界大戦後に焦点を当てて

    OpenAIRE

    今井, 康晴

    2016-01-01

    This study examined the formation process of the education theory of Bruner from his autobiography. In this paper, I focus on After World War Ⅱ . After the war, he began again the study of psychology. The main point of view, was the world of psychology called World Three. It is, in psychology with a focus on culture, Bruner was studied this. This paper examined the relationship between Bruner and World Three.

  2. SIENA’GA: Una imagen en medio de la interposición de temporalidades y espacialidades

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catalina Cortés Severino

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The name Siena/Ga (Siena-Ciénaga refers to the liminal, in-between space within which this autobiography develops. The common thread and axis of this visual work are the stories of displacement, relocation and settlement of my grandmother, mother, sisters, and me. These stories narrate how these places have been inhabited and longed for, and how the different female subjectivities and intersubjectivities have taken shape through the spiral passage of time.

  3. INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION IN THE STUDY OF THE RUSSIAN ÉMIGRÉ EGO-DOCUMENTS

    OpenAIRE

    A. N. Kravtsov

    2014-01-01

    The article will provide an overview of current state of international cooperation in Russian émigré ego-documentary scientific study. The conception of ego-documentary includes memories, memoirs, biographies, autobiographies, letters and diaries, and makes reference to the European philological and historical science in the beginning, and gradually accepted by the Russian scientific community. Theoretical base in studying the memoirs was developed in Soviet era. But practical study of ego-do...

  4. AUTOETHNOGRAPHY: AN OVERVIEW

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolyn Ellis

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Autoethnography is an approach to research and writing that seeks to describe and systematically analyze personal experience in order to understand cultural experience. This approach challenges canonical ways of doing research and representing others and treats research as a political, socially-just and socially-conscious act. A researcher uses tenets of autobiography and ethnography to do and write autoethnography. Thus, as a method, autoethnography is both process and product.

  5. Objectification of Gender in the Subject of Memories (Based on the English Autobiographical Fiction of XXI Century)

    OpenAIRE

    Щербицька, Владислава Володимирівна

    2014-01-01

    This article examines the expression of gender on the thematic level in the autobiographical work of the XXI century. In the course of analysis of the literary text common thematic blocks of memories and specific one to men or women were identified .Common thematic blocks of memories are of particular interest in autobiographies because they clearly manifested gender. Also, the identification of gender-based thematic division of the text gives an indication of the dominant themes in the women...

  6. Misunderstanding Jung: the afterlife of legends.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shamdasani, S

    2000-07-01

    F. X. Charet's article, 'Understanding Jung: recent biographies and scholarship', is full of errors and legends. In this article, I demonstrate the tendentiousness of his criticisms of the historical work of Eugene Taylor and myself concerning Jung's linkages with the subliminal psychology of Théodore Flournoy, William James, and F. W. H. Myers, and the fallaciousness of his criticism of my claim that Memories, Dreams, Reflections was not Jung's autobiography.

  7. Cross-Gendering the Racial Memory

    OpenAIRE

    Ross, Marlon B.

    2006-01-01

    When Ernest Gaines chooses a woman as the individual subject for collective memorialization and the ideal medium of racial memory in his 1971 novel, The Autobiography of Miss Jane Pittman, he participates in a significant but overlooked genre of black masculine discourse, the composition of black authorship as historical/national authority through the voice and viewpoint of a female protagonist. This cross-gendering of the racial imaginary, introjecting a male vision of racial collectivity an...

  8. A crooked path.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Long, Pamela O

    2015-04-01

    This is a printed version of Pamela O. Long's talk at the 2014 Society for the History of Technology annual meeting, on the occasion of receiving the Leonardo da Vinci award. It provides a synoptic intellectual autobiography of the author, treating the development of her work on Vitruvianism, ideas concerning contextualism, some of the scholars that have most influenced her work, and her present project on engineering in sixteenth-century Rome. PMID:26005091

  9. kwayask e-ki-pe-kiskinowapahtihicik = Their Example Showed Me the Way: A Cree Woman's Life Shaped by Two Cultures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minde, Emma; Ahenakew, Freda, Ed.; Wolfart, H. C., Ed.

    Emma Minde (nee Memnook)was born in 1907 in Saddle Lake, Alberta. In 1927 she was given by her father in an arranged marriage to Joe Minde, who lived in Hobbema, Alberta. In this recorded autobiography taped in 1988 when she was 81 years old, little is said about her parents and her life as a child other than that she spent 7 years at a…

  10. Scientific approach to the problem of early memories and self-criminals

    OpenAIRE

    Debolsky M.G.; Ogor A.Y.

    2014-01-01

    This article deal with a theoretical overview of the problem of early recollections and self-esteem criminals. Discussed issues are considered within the concept of Alfred Adler. A. Adler said that the earliest memories - is the starting point of an autobiography, which traced the first assessment itself, which is the basis of self-esteem and life style. Has been hypothesized about the existence correlation between the content of early recollections and self-esteem, which is a preconditio...

  11. The Great Adventure of an American Human Geneticist.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Motulsky, Arno G; King, Mary-Claire

    2016-08-31

    It is my great pleasure to have been asked by the Editorial Committee of the Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics to write a short autobiography of my life in genetics over the past 70 years. It has been a great adventure. I came both to America and to human genetics by a circuitous and ultimately very fortunate route. I hope the next generation of geneticists will enjoy reading about it.

  12. Wspomnienia głosem pisane. O autobiografiach śpiewaków

    OpenAIRE

    Kornatowska, Beata

    2012-01-01

    The article Memories sung in words – singers’ autobiographies aims at identifying main topics and patterns present in autobiographical writings of classical singers. Discovering of vocal talent and musicality, desire to become a singer, role of voice teachers and mentors (conductors, stage directors etc.), highlights of the career, fears and failures, vocal crises, dealing with criticism and negative judgements, daily routines aimed on vocal fitness, balancing private and profe...

  13. Canadian petroleum history bibliography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cass, D.

    2003-09-27

    The Petroleum History Bibliography includes a list of more than 2,000 publications that record the history of the Canadian petroleum industry. The list includes books, theses, films, audio tapes, published articles, company histories, biographies, autobiographies, fiction, poetry, humour, and an author index. It was created over a period of several years to help with projects at the Petroleum History Society. It is an ongoing piece of work, and as such, invites comments and additions.

  14. INTRODUCING REFLECTIVE TEACHING TO SECOND LANGUAGE CLASSROOMS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    This article takes a close look at Towards Reflective Teach-ing, by Jack C. Richards. His article first explains what reflec-tive teaching is, and then presents the various reflective ap-proaches such as peer observation, self-reports, auto-biographies, journals and collaborative diary keeping. This arti-cle then goes on and draws from actual teaching experience toconclude that these approaches are extremely useful for the im-provement of foreign language teaching.

  15. Review of: János Kornai, By Force of Thought: Irregular Memoirs of an Intellectual Journey. Cambridge (Mass.): The MIT Press, 2007

    OpenAIRE

    Chilosi, Alberto

    2007-01-01

    Kornai's autobiography presents an interesting perspective of the intellectual environment of a Central European country of real socialism such as Hungary, from the Stalinist after-war years to the progressively more relaxed, but still constraining, atmosphere of the sixties and later. Of specific interest for the economist is Kornai's inside witness of the actual functioning of a “real” socialist planned economy, and of the political processes related to it. In the intellectual side of the a...

  16. Barack Obama’s Dreams from My Father and African American Literature

    OpenAIRE

    Daniel Stein

    2011-01-01

    This article provides a series of close readings of Barack Obama’s autobiography Dreams from My Father. It places the narrative within the history of African American literature and rhetoric and argues that Obama uses the text to create a life story that resonates with central concepts of African American selfhood and black male identity, including double consciousness, invisibility, and black nationalism. The article reads Dreams from My Father as an attempt to arrive at a state of “function...

  17. Lives in the mirror. Education in women’s autobiographical writing. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonella Cagnolati

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The Seventies witnessed a renewed scientific interest in the literary genre of autobiography, even by researchers in disciplinary areas not strictly philological or literary. But, if often autobiographical narrative is used as a legitimation of a personal choice – especially in ethical and political realm – in the most recent works, the resurgence of “women’s pages” and the concomitant successful researches by scholars in different fields (history, education, and literature have made their way to a reformulation of the value of the autobiography itself, not only as a meta-historical issue led to the formation of a national identity, but increasingly as a powerful key to introspection. Once women have become masters in this literary genre, autobiographies have become instruments to capture the inner self and categories have largely diverted to a more intimate life, in a space apart to better hear themselves. Interest in the autobiographies was born under this gender difference: descending into the abyss of the female autobiographical writings can illuminate parts of real life, guess censorship, look closely at the passing of everyday experience. The writer’s life is moving in this complex space, a place where desires for personal fulfillment usually fight against family responsibilities and social engagements, with traditional educational models and new projects for the future. Acting in this context is not simple, nor easy, because sometimes the strategies that women still represent are defined as coercive, more as resignations than options. The autobiographies analyzed in the essays that follow, give us examples of rebellion and revolt – more or less openly – put into action not to resign to inequality, especially when not only social rules refer to ways and times exclusively male, but when this injustice is seen in its full tragic sense. Then, rebellion in deeds and words is unavoidable and necessary. Received: 27

  18. 文本之寓与身份之喻--多重语境下的富兰克林身份神话管窥%Textual Allegory and Identity Metaphor:The Identity Myth of Benjamin Franklin in Multi-textual Context

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘江; 许德金

    2015-01-01

    Benjamin Franklin knows clearly the significance of identity,and his autobiography is a textual allegory about identity,which reveals a metaphor of identity pursuit and construction. However,the construc-tion of Franklin’s ideal identity goes far beyond his autobiography,but is embedded in the historical and multi-textual context of his epitaph,wills and autobiography,among which Franklin has converged his profes-sional identity as a printer,artistic identity as a poetic writer and cultural identity as a metaphorical national father into an inseparable integration,thus presenting before the world a myth of“trinitarian”identity. In this way,Franklin managed subliming his personal identity pursuit in profession and art into the whole nation’s collective recognition on the cultural level.%富兰克林洞悉身份之要义,其自传更是一部有关身份的文本寓言,满含有关身份追求与建构的隐喻。然而,富兰克林理想身份的定义远远超越了单一的自传文本,而是在其墓志铭、遗嘱、自传等多重文本和历史语境中,书写了一个“三位一体”式的身份神话,即将自己作为印刷人的职业身份、作为诗意作家的艺术身份、作为隐喻国父的文化身份融为一体,从而将个人在职业和艺术层面的身份诉求升华为国家和民族在文化层面的集体认同。

  19. Myth and memory in the “queen of dreams”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gloria Montero

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Aristotle said that where the historian tells us what took place, the poet tells us how it came about. More recently, Gore Vidal defined ‘memoir’ as how one remembers one’s own life as distinct from an autobiography which is history, requiring research into dates and facts which must be double-checked. Memory and Myth play an important role in memoir, allowing the writer to incorporate the real underpinnings of a story that has been lived through rather than simply the account of a sequence of actual events. It might also be argued that the patina of memory that coats the ‘memoir’, as distinct from autobiography, might indeed add its own dimension, taking the account of something very real into a more surreal space. What I call my Rora stories published in Spanish under the title Todas Esas Guerras-- All Those Wars – have never appeared as a collection in English but have been published separately in literary journals. These stories, the very closest I think I will ever come to writing autobiography, grew out of a need to explore my own background – so fragmented in terms of geography, history and culture – at a time when, as a writer, I felt the desperate need to find out exactly who this multicultural person with her mixed baggage might be. The Queen of Dreams, one of the stories in the collection, uses the memory of the child Rora as she attempts to understand the drama and magic of sexuality and love in a grown-up, intolerant world at war. While the story explores the child’s personal history, it also reflects the psyche of Australia at that particular moment.

  20. "Do grandmas have husbands?" Generational memory and twentieth-century women's lives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alexander, Sally

    2009-01-01

    This essay uses memory in the ancient and modern sense of the "inner life of thought" to describe the formation of generational memory in a modern professional family whose twentieth-century history has been fractured by migration, war, education, and divorce. It is about the power of feeling and law, which framed the practical freedoms of twentieth-century women's lives and introduced the modern citizen in the aftermath of universal suffrage and world war. The first part of the essay emphasizes the psychic dimension of bodily feeling and drive in the formation of memory; a dimension overlooked by oral history and social movements, yet confirmed by autobiography and memoir. My granddaughter's questions provoked resistance as well as family stories, and let me observe the thought process in a child. Social history, autobiography, and personal memory confirm the common experience of everyday life reaching back through generations of London families; folklore, commerce, and family story make narratives of dreams, hopes, terrors, and events; a child's comprehension of the outside world is grasped through curiosity, imagination, and play in which bodily feeling is as powerful as speech and prohibition to make meanings that flow between inner world and external reality. The second half of the essay reflects on Joan Riviere's description of the self. Leading British psychoanalyst, translator of Freud, writing in the 1950s, Riviere's language of the inner world resonates with the liberal social ethics -- empathy, public service, common good -- which underpinned women's and human rights mid-twentieth century and the egalitarian and reproduction reforms whose universalism has been challenged since the 1970s. Negative feeling is striking in Riviere's description of the self -- fear, shame, shock, and trauma, which are confirmed in memoir and autobiography. In contrast, liberal social democratic accounts of the time idealized English character. Today, the future uncertain

  1. ″Moving inward as well as north″: The Historical Imagination in Arthur Miller's The Crucible and Timebends

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Douglas Tallack

    2005-01-01

    Arthur Miller, one of the most admirable of Americans to come out of the ″American century″, died in 2005, aged 89. In the UK, at least, his work has undergone a revival and the themes of his great plays remain resonant, even though, in many respects, they are historically specific. The relationship between literature and history - whether conceived as a symbolist or allegorical relationship - together with an instance of the past invading the present, are brought out in a compelling episode in Miller's autobiography, Timebends, and offer a way of talking about those inter-connections in The Crucible.

  2. Romanticism of Khudekov Park. To semantics of Sochi "Arboretum"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soltani Galina

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Park, as the autobiography of his Creator, reflects the events of the life of S. N. Khudekov, moral and aesthetic values, impressions, affections, transmitted through literary and mythological images. The semantics of small architectural forms multivalued and includes themes of Love, Faith, Hope, Patience, Justice, Families, Ballet, Literature, Military glory, in the Morning, creating a unified ensemble. The symbolism inherent in the Romantic style, is transmitted sculptures made by the famous French firm of Antonie Durеnne. The Khudekov’s Park is great not only the organic combination of different styles of landscape, but also its ideological content, expertly crafted fine connoisseur of art Sergey Nikolaevich Khudekov.

  3. PSYCHOANALYSTS FINDING FORM : (autofictional experiments in contemporary psychoanalysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anneleen Masschelein

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we will look at two important voices in contemporary psychoanalysis, Didier Anzieu and Christopher Bollas, who from a theoretical perspective have tried to devise new genres to express their thinking. The result of this is hybrid texts that com-bine autobiography, essay, case study, fiction, comedy and poetry. In their theoretical work, Anzieu and Bollas have examined creativity and processes of thinking, predomi-nantly from the perspective of object-relations psychoanalysis, although both are known as eclectic thinkers, who do not belong to just one school of psychoanalysis.

  4. Haphazard Reality Half a Century of Science

    CERN Document Server

    Casimir, HBG

    2010-01-01

    Casimir, himself a famous physician, studied and worked with three great physicists of the twentieth century: Niels Bohr, Wolfgang Pauli and Paul Ehrenfest. In his autobiography, the brilliant theoretician lets the reader witness the revolution that led to quantum physics, whose influence on modern society turned out to be many times larger than the first atomic physicists could have imagined. Through his involvement in the technical-scientific and the business aspects of physics, through management positions at Philips Research Laboratory and as a member of the Board of Directors of Philips,

  5. Espelho, fratura: notas sobre a crítica de Philippe Lejeune

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Amélia Coelho

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available This article reflects on some critical attitudes adopted by the critic and theorist Philippe Lejeune in his early works, L'autobiographie en France and Le pacte autobiographique, especially in relation to one of his objects of study: the Confessions of Rousseau. I seek to perceive how the critic first identifies himself with the literary object and then distances himself from it. At the same time I try to relate Lejeune's critical attitudes to some of the theoretical reflections on his critical work. Both processes of identification and of critical distance will be studied here through the figuration of the reader.

  6. Tangenciando o gesto autobiográfico em Michel Leiris e Herberto Helder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolina Anglada de Rezende

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In position of the extensive discussion about the autobiography and its questioned status as a literary genre, this article aims to discuss the comparative gesture and his autobiographical traces in the works of two writers who, each in his own way, break the protocol associated with the writings of the self. In the foreground, it is the work A idade viril of Michel Leiris, in which writing, confession, memories and dreams merge, which will be compared to Photomaton & Vox, meeting of essays, reviews, poems and reports of the portuguese poet Herbert Helder.

  7. Ian Dawes-the third Pope-lucky to be a researcher.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dawes, Ian W

    2016-06-01

    Retrospective articles are an excuse for a rosy tinted view of one's life. This fully expurgated version is no exception. No "what the butler saw" or the vilification of enemies that one finds in political autobiographies - merely the account of one born to a generation of those whose forebears never had the chance to go to university and enjoy the subsequent fruits of that education - and of one who by chance stumbled into the world of yeast genetics and molecular biology, who had a lot of fun on the way and who never sought to leave it. PMID:27189365

  8. A TERMINOLOGICAL APPROACH TO STORY / “HİKÂYE”YE TERMİNOLOJİK BİR YAKLAŞIM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Necati TONGA

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available Narration is one of the outstanding needs of humankind. The activity of narration is encountered in two ways in social life as oral and written narration.Novel, theater, letter, essay, travel critic, biography, autobiography, recollection… are some of the literary types appeared as the result of the need for narration. Story is one of these literary types. Story and its kinds are characterized with different word or words both in the west and east.In this study, we will try to discuss the word story which has various categories in terms of meanings with a terminological approach.

  9. More than a memoir

    OpenAIRE

    Leonard, Nelson J.

    2006-01-01

    This autobiography was written originally as a test of memory, as a means of diminishing piles of stored papers and file folders, and in an effort to record events as they actually happened. It had been my experience as a child, hearing oral histories presented by adult family members, that there was great variance in their perceptions. Perhaps I could set down the "facts" of a life and leave interpretations up to any readers. Each of the chapters was distributed to my four children, Kenn...

  10. Approaching the autobiographical gesture in Michel Leiris and Herberto Helder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roy David Frankel

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In position of the extensive discussion about the autobiography and its questioned status as a literary genre, this article aims to discuss the comparative gesture and his autobiographical traces in the works of two writers who, each in his own way, break the protocol associated with the writings of the self. In the foreground, it is the work A idade viril of Michel Leiris, in which writing, confession, memories and dreams merge, which will be compared to Photomaton & Vox, meeting of essays, reviews, poems and reports of the portuguese poet Herbert Helder.

  11. The Observers Observed: Charles Dickens at the Royal Observatory, Greenwich, in 1850

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chapman, A.

    2005-12-01

    In 1850 the magazine Household Words, which Charles Dickens edited, published three articles describing the instruments and workings of the Royal Observatory, Greenwich. These 'popular' articles are invaluable primary sources for the historian of astronomy. They convey some of the Victorian public's fascination with an Institution believed by some to be a lighthouse for night-time shipping on the river Thames; by others, a national repository of 'divining rods' and 'magic mirrors'. Dickens was clearly impressed by the pragmatic usefulness of the Observatory to a commercial and maritime nation, and by seemingly magical, self-acting and recording instruments whereby the wind wrote its own 'Aeolian Autobiography'.

  12. La autobiografía juvenil de José Cadalso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Duran López, Fernando

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available The brief autobiography written by José Cadalso in 1773, unknown until its discovery in 1967, has driven to some interpretations in many different and contradictory ways. This work has a great importance in order to describe Cadalso's personality, and it presuposes also an unique testimonial on the Spanish autobiographical literature of the eigteenth century. This paper aims at making a critical revision of the different readings included in that little work and try to study not only its style and structure, but also its selection of the biographical information found in the memoirs and its consecuent development. The conclusion is that Cadalso's work is an early autobiography in a modern sense, introspective and full OS moral and psychological preoccupations. This autobiography takes a distance from the rest of Spanish modern autobiographies in the fact of being a work written in Cadalso's young years, in the middle of incertitudes to the future and not with the intention of making an overview of his past life.La breve autobiografía de José Cadalso, escrita en 1773 y desconocida hasta su descubrimiento en 1967, ha dado lugar a interpretaciones muy diversas y contradictorias. Es una obra que posee un gran valor para caracterizar la personalidad de Cadalso y también supone un testimonio único dentro de la literatura autobiográfica en la España del siglo XVIII. En el artículo se efectúa una revisión crítica de las distintas opiniones vertidas sobre este opúsculo, se estudia su estilo, su estructura, la selección del material biográfico incluido en estos recuerdos y su desarrollo. La conclusión de este estudio caracteriza la obra de Cadalso como una precoz autobiografía de estilo moderno, introspectiva y dominada por inquietudes morales y psicológicas, que se distingue de todas las otras autobiografías modernas españolas por su condición de escritor juvenil, presidido por la incertidumbre ante el futuro antes que por el balance

  13. Graphic Narratives of Women in War: Identity Construction in the Works of Zeina Abirached, Miriam Katin, and Marjane Satrapi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Szép Eszter

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available By applying terminology from trauma theory and a methodological approach from comics scholarship, this essay discusses three graphic autobiographies of women. These are A Game for Swallows by Zeina Abirached (trans. Edward Gauvin, 2012, We are on our Own by Miriam Katin (2006, and Persepolis by Marjane Satrapi (trans. Anjali Singh, 2004. Two issues are at the centre of the investigation: the strategies by which these works engage in the much-debated issues of representing gendered violence, and the representation of the ways traumatized daughters and their mothers deal with the identity crises caused by war.

  14. Einstein's Third Paradise

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gerald Holton

    2005-01-01

    @@ Ⅰ Historians of modern science have good reasons to be grateful to Paul Arthur Schilpp, professor of philosophy and Methodist clergyman but better known as the editor of a series of volumes on "Living Philosophers," including several on scientist - philosophers. His motto was: "The asking of questions about a philosopher' s meaning while he is alive." And to his everlasting credit, he persuaded Albert Einstein to do what he had resisted all his years: to sit down to write, in 1946 at age sixty - seven, an extensive autobiography- forty - five pages long in print.

  15. Einstein's Third Paradise%爱因斯坦的第三乐园

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gerald Holton

    2005-01-01

    @@ Ⅰ Historians of modern science have good reasons to be grateful to Paul Arthur Schilpp, professor of philosophy and Methodist clergyman but better known as the editor of a series of volumes on" Living Philosophers", including several on scientist-philosophers. His motto was:"The asking of questions about a philosopher's meaning while he is alive." And to his everlasting credit, he persuaded Albert Einstein to do what he had resisted all his years: to sit down to write, in 1946 at age sixty-seven, an extensive autobiography-forty-five pages long in print.

  16. Rätten att benämna : Maktutövning i Amalie Skrams psykiatriromaner

    OpenAIRE

    Lönnlöv, Sebastian

    2014-01-01

    Amalie Skram (1846-1905) was born in Norway but lived in Denmark. She published several books about gender relations and built up a reputation as a naturalistic writer. In 1894, a nervous breakdown made her seek help from the famous psychiatrist Knud Pontoppidan. He sent her to an asylum, but she returned home after spending two months in psychiatric care. In 1895, Skram published two novels about the painter Else Kant, based on her own experiences but not written as autobiographies. The book...

  17. Engaging racial autoethnography as a teaching tool for womanist inquiry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Janette Y; Mackin, Melissa A Lehan; Oldenburg, Angela M

    2008-01-01

    Racial autobiography, self-narratives on how one learned about the idea of race, has been underutilized as a tool to familiarize and orient students in the process of critical inquiry for nursing research. The aims of this article are to explore how racial autoethnography: (1) repositions students to effect an epistemological change, (2) challenges dominant ideology, and (3) functions as a link between the student and critical theories for use in nursing research. Students engage in and share reflective narrative about a variety of instructional materials used in the course. Reflective narratives are presented in a framework that addresses white racial identity development. PMID:19033749

  18. An Interpretation of the American Dream in Homeless to Harvard

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏远

    2013-01-01

    As the leading figure of western countries, America has her special values. As an ideal of pursuing happiness and perfection, the American Dream becomes the motivation of them in their lives. Homeless to Harvard is a inspirational film which is based on Liz Murray’s autobiography Breaking Night. This movie tells a story about an ordinary girl suffers a hard circumstance when she grows up, but she never gives in. According to this movie, this thesis gives a brief introduction of the American Dream and explores it throughout the heroine’s touching experience, thus publicizing equality, freedom and struggle of American values and attacking abandoned attitude of life.

  19. Victor Klemperer im Kreise seiner Geschwister : Rebell und Hoffnungsträger

    OpenAIRE

    Margraf-Buhles, Claudia

    2005-01-01

    'Der Aufsatz zu den Geschwisterbeziehungen des deutsch-jüdischen Romanistikprofessors Victor Klemperer (1881-1960) baut auf der Untersuchung seiner Autobiographie Curriculum Vitae und der Tagebücher der Jahre 1918-1933 auf. Es geht dabei um die Frage, welche Lebensbereiche mit welchen Mitteln von seinen Geschwistern beeinflusst und geprägt wurden, und zwar in der langen Zeitspanne von der Geburt bis weit in seine professorale Amtszeit an der Technischen Hochschule Dresden hinein. Darüber hina...

  20. Eun-Ja Kang, femme écrivain francophone d´origine sud-coréenne

    OpenAIRE

    ČECHOVÁ, Monika

    2016-01-01

    This thesis deals with the life and work of a contemporary Korean writer Eun-Ja Kang, who is writing her works in French. Up to now, Eun-Ja Kang is an author of two novels and her autobiography. The writing in the French language puts her among francophone authors in the broad sense of the word. However, this thesis aims at determining her position in the field of literature written in French from the perspective of two recent literary concepts: littérature-monde and transidentité. Furthermor...

  1. Who calls the tune?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claude Chastagner

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The real action was taking place behind the scenes.Irwin Pincus, music publisherA couple of weeks ago, while researching for this paper, I decided to read again Chronicles, Bob Dylan’s autobiography. Chapter 4 deals with the recording in a rented New Orleans mansion of Oh Mercy, the 1989 album produced by Daniel Lanois, unanimously hailed as Dylan’s resurrection. Dylan insists on the significant impact Lanois had on his own artistry. Through conversations, flashes of rage and frustration, and...

  2. Freud in China: An Interview with Wang Ning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Evan Osnos

    2011-01-01

    0 (Abbreviation of Osnos) : How did you become focused on Freud? W (Abbreviation of Wang Ning) : I found that many of the American writers were greatly influenced by psychoanalysis, especially by Freud. So I took some time reading some of the books written by Freud, such as Introductory Lectures on Psychoanalysis, New Introductory Lectures on Psychoanalysis, Beyond the Pleasure Principles and An Autobiographi- cal Study. And in 1983, I attended a conference, a national conference on psychoanalysis in Nanjing and submitted a paper on Freudian influence on modern and contemporary Western literature.

  3. Transtextual Postmodernity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sabih, Joshua

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Hassan Najmi´s novel Gīrtrūd represents an example of the postmodern novel with its transtextual characters expressed fictionally. Hassan Najmi transforms the one-dimensional flat character, Mohammed, in Gertrude Stein´s The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas into a three-dimensional dynamic....../texts. As a postmodern novel, Hassan Najmi´s Gīrtrūd, narrates the story of Moroccan fiction in its complex relation to Western literature. Keywords: novel, fiction, postmodernity, narrative game, bilingual identity...

  4. Engaging racial autoethnography as a teaching tool for womanist inquiry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Janette Y; Mackin, Melissa A Lehan; Oldenburg, Angela M

    2008-01-01

    Racial autobiography, self-narratives on how one learned about the idea of race, has been underutilized as a tool to familiarize and orient students in the process of critical inquiry for nursing research. The aims of this article are to explore how racial autoethnography: (1) repositions students to effect an epistemological change, (2) challenges dominant ideology, and (3) functions as a link between the student and critical theories for use in nursing research. Students engage in and share reflective narrative about a variety of instructional materials used in the course. Reflective narratives are presented in a framework that addresses white racial identity development.

  5. Why Jo Refused Love From Laurie?--reflection on Little Women

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张翼

    2014-01-01

    Little Women was a family novel with the nature of autobiography. The author was Louisa May Alcott. It is one of the best loved books of al time. It has been translated into dozens of languages and sold mil ions of copies throughout the world. Base on Louisa May Alcott’s childhood, this lively portrait of nineteenth-century family life possesses vitality that has endeared it to generations of readers. The novel emphasized their individuality and the dignity. This article mainly analyzes the relationship between Jo and Laurie, which worth reconsidering to al and it reflect the writer’s main idea of the whole novel.

  6. 若き日の女性芸術家の肖像又はジップレス・ファックを求めて : 『飛ぶのが怖い』

    OpenAIRE

    Ito, Tamotsu

    1984-01-01

    Life has no plot, says Isadora Zelda Wing, the protagonist and narrator of Fear of Flying, but "to help us along we create little fictions ... which clarify and shape our experience," Erica Jong, the writer, quotes Jerzy Kosinski. Fear of Flying is an attempt to create a fiction whose completion generates a novel and a novelist. It is an autobiography by a would-be novelist, or, to use Steven Kellman's phrase, a self-begetting novel. Isadora, a poet and would-be novelist, seeks a "zipless...

  7. 若き日の女性芸術家の肖像又はジップレス・ファックを求めて : 『飛ぶのが怖い』

    OpenAIRE

    伊東, 保

    1984-01-01

    Life has no plot, says Isadora Zelda Wing, the protagonist and narrator of Fear of Flying, but "to help us along we create little fictions ... which clarify and shape our experience," Erica Jong, the writer, quotes Jerzy Kosinski. Fear of Flying is an attempt to create a fiction whose completion generates a novel and a novelist. It is an autobiography by a would-be novelist, or, to use Steven Kellman's phrase, a self-begetting novel.Isadora, a poet and would-be novelist, seeks a "zipless fuck...

  8. The Relevance of Voice for Understanding Ethical Concerns Raised by Nabokov’s 'Lolita' and Burgess’s 'A Clockwork Orange'

    OpenAIRE

    Nicolas Estournel

    2013-01-01

    In Nabokov’s Lolita and Burgess’s A Clockwork Orange controversial situations of misbehaviour are represented: Humbert and Alex rape, kill, and fight people. While the reader might find the justifications of the characters’ misbehaviour inadequate, s/he is asked, as a result of Cohn’s double pact of fictional autobiography, to accept it as true and coherent. Not only is the reader trapped inside the narrator’s mind, but other characters’ inner selves are also made unreachable. Lolita and the ...

  9. Paths to iDeath

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vincent DUSSOL

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available I am grateful to Ray DiPalma for his generously giving me access to copies of An August Daybook (2005, Mules at the Wake (2006 and Ascoso (2006. All other quotes from DiPalma are from a private correspondence.There is a delicate balance in iDEATH. It suits us.(Richard Brautigan In Watermelon SugarAn autobiography is about an “I” and it traces a path. But the “I” and teleology have long been called into question by poets. This interrogation continues: wanderers blaze new trails. We propose...

  10. Propeller Research Tunnel - staff photo

    Science.gov (United States)

    1928-01-01

    Standing on the PRT balance are five of the six men who comprised the majority of the PRT engineering staff in 1928. From left to right: Fred Weick, Ray Windler, William H. Herrnstein, Jr., John L. Crigler, and Donald Wood. Melvin N. Gough is mising. This group conducted the cowling research work which won the NACA its first Collier Trophy. Weick became the head of the PRT section when Max Munk was fired and Elton Miller became the chief of the Aerodynamics Division. Fred Weick liked this team of engineers and later praised the group in his autobiography.

  11. Escribirlo al fin: Visto al pasar. República, guerra y exilio de María del Carmen García Antón. Memoria desde el destierro en Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Virginia Bonatto

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Visto al pasar. República, guerra y exilio is the autobiographical story of a woman from the Republican faction who was driven to permanent exile in Argentina after the Spanish Civil War. The documentary value of her book resides not only in its detailed reconstruction of life and habits during the years of the war, but also in the experiences of Carmen García Antón with world-wide known writers and artists. Moreover, the book invites a reflection on the strategies to legitimize and construct the subject's identity in contemporary Autobiography.

  12. Nabokov vs. Набоков: A Literary Investigation of Linguistic Relativity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bradley Gorski

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Nabokov's autobiographies in Russian and in English are indeed quite different. Based on the sentence from Speak, Memory's foreword quoted above, we can assume that some of those differences are based on the language of creation. Other factors, such as two very different readerships and a drastic change in Nabokov's reputation (Lolita appeared between Drugie berega and Speak, Memory, affect Nabokov's writing in each. The present study recognizes this, but offers a framework for identifying which differences are directly related to language.

  13. « Au milieu d’un million de sépulcres », l’écriture comme salut chez Jean de Léry

    OpenAIRE

    Trotot, Caroline

    2006-01-01

    article de 18 pages, p. 65-83 International audience The two works written by Jean de Léry, the Histoire mémorable de Sancerre and the Histoire d’un voyage en la terre de Brésil, are presented as eye-witness accounts. However, they are true literary works in which writing acts to transform being. The two works thus appear as « works of salvation, » according to the phrase used by Georges Gusdorf to describe autobiography. They reproduce the experience of survival that they depict and gi...

  14. La transgresión genérica, emblema de la obra de Javier Marías, Enrique Vila-Matas e Ignacio Padilla

    OpenAIRE

    Siridia Fuertes Trigal

    2011-01-01

    Nowadays, the genres are not as delimited as they use to be. In Javier Marias and Enrique Vila-Matas's novels, there is continuous reflection on the role of the author, as well as on life and literature (autobiography, essay and fiction). Padilla, a member of the group of ?Mexican Crack?, chooses both Spaniers as models. In both novels Amphitryon or Espiral de artillería there are commons traits with the novels of Marías and Vila-Matas. In this paper my aim is to analyse the relationship betw...

  15. Sergio Pitol e os disfarces da autobiografia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Gutiérrez

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This article analizes the books of mexican writer Sergio Pitol (1933 El arte de la fuga (1997, El viaje (2000 and El mago de Viena (2005, included in Trilogía de la memoria (2007. These texts conform a literary autobiography created from a mixture of critic, road diaries and autobiographical narrative. The article analizes the way in which the writer tells his life through his readings and his creative process, the clues about his work that can be found in these texts, as well as the main characteristics and precedents of these hybrid contemporary forms.

  16. Evolution of the Perception of the Relationship Between Doctor and Breast Cancer Patient.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wendling, Cathy Anne

    2016-01-01

    The current article discusses the author's study of the evolution of the subjective perception of the relationship between physicians and breast cancer patients during recent decades. The article is based on 18 testimonials, mainly autobiographies dating from 1975-2008, which provide relevant information about the psychological experience of breast cancer care. The pathographies show that many patients nowadays still have an intensely negative perception of their therapeutic interactions with health care professionals, which may have a detrimental effect on their affective states, immunity, and outcomes. PMID:26878680

  17. Ian D. Copestake, The Ethics of William Carlos Williams’s Poetry.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aristotle University of Greece

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Ian D. Copestake’s monograph on William Carlos Williams’s poetry offers a well-informed and well-documented insight into the connection between Williams’s writing with Unitarianism and Emersonian thinking. In this very well-written and accessible book, the reader gets introduced to a number of poems in addition to excerpts from Williams’s essays, letters and autobiography which facilitate the understanding and appreciation of the poet’s attempt to promote “independent thought and action” (5....

  18. Dealing with multivoicedness, art products and existential matters within phenomenology of practice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Mariann B.

    In the years to come, a global challenge is to reorganize the health care systems to engaging people in health promotion and make individuals and groups co-constructors of health and well-being. In Denmark in 2012, a local challenge has come up as the National Health Board published a new program...... a variety of tools such as from novels, films, dialogues, narratives, poetry and autobiographies written by patients and relatives. How to use these tools as learning spaces for health care providers, meeting these challenges in practice? Some suggestions are: ´empowerment by discussing dilemmas´ (Jacobsen...

  19. 'Not another football hooligan story' ? learning from narratives of 'True crime' and desistance.

    OpenAIRE

    Poulton, E.

    2012-01-01

    This article discusses the value of using cultural representations of crime and criminal justice to extend mainstream criminological knowledge on desistance from crime. The article uses biographical interviews to explore the ‘true crime’ life-story of former ‘football hooligan’, Cass Pennant, as (re)presented in his autobiography (CASS) and a film of the same name. It is argued that CASS is ‘not another football hooligan story’, but a multi-dimensional narrative about identity, belonging and ...

  20. Integration Attempts Paweł Mykietyn and the Composer’s Self-Reflection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gmys Marcin

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, the author attempts to reconstruct the aesthetic views of Paweł Mykietyn, a leading Polish composer of the middle generation. Since Mykietyn has never presented his views comprehensively, the author reconstructs his opinions on the basis of published interviews with the composer, focusing on his ideas regarding musical and nonmusical inspirations, the significance of mathematical procedures in the compositional process, traditional musical forms, the role of quotations and self-quotations, experimentation with microtones and musical time, as well as the concept of music as autobiography.

  1. Riandando al mio passato

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. MODIGLIANI

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available This article constitutes the slightly modified italian version of a conference held at Trinity College in San Antonio, Texas, the text of which is being published in Lives of the Laureates - Enlarges Edition, MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass. In it, Nobel laureate Franco Modigliani offers readers an informal lesson on modern economic thought through an autobiographical essay touching on his life, career and intellectual development.   JEL Codes: B31Keywords: Lives of the Laureates, Franco Modigliani, recollections, autobiography, economic thought

  2. An Island Called Cuba

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean Stubbs

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Review of: An Island Called Home: Returning to Jewish Cuba. Ruth Behar, photographs by Humberto Mayol. New Brunswick NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2007. xiii + 297 pp. (Cloth US$ 29.95 Fidel Castro: My Life: A Spoken Autobiography. Fidel Castro & Ignacio Ramonet. New York: Scribner/Simon & Schuster, 2008. vii + 724 pp. (Paper US$ 22.00, e-book US$ 14.99 Cuba: What Everyone Needs to Know. Julia E. Sweig. New York: Oxford University Press, 2009. xiv + 279 pp. (Paper US$ 16.95 [First paragraph] These three ostensibly very different books tell a compelling story of each author’s approach, as much as the subject matter itself. Fidel Castro: My Life: A Spoken Autobiography is based on a series of long interviews granted by the then-president of Cuba, Fidel Castro, to Spanish-Franco journalist Ignacio Ramonet. Cuba: What Everyone Needs to Know, by U.S. political analyst Julia Sweig, is one of a set country series, and, like Ramonet’s, presented in question/answer format. An Island Called Home: Returning to Jewish Cuba, with a narrative by Cuban-American anthropologist Ruth Behar and photographs by Cuban photographer Humberto Mayol, is a retrospective/introspective account of the Jewish presence in Cuba. While from Ramonet and Sweig we learn much about the revolutionary project, Behar and Mayol convey the lived experience of the small Jewish community against that backdrop.

  3. The Marriage of Music and Narrative: Explorations in Art, Therapy, and Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lillian Eyre

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Music and narrative share similar goals – the expression of thoughts, feelings, emotions, and meanings. While narrative may be employed as an oral or literary form, as a research tool, or as a therapeutic technique, music, as an art form, is most often perceived as a performance art or compositional act. Elements of both music and narrative have common ontological roots in human communication and expression. Over the past 50 years, both music and narrative have gained stature as therapeutic practices. The first two parts of this paper will focus on how music may be used to narrate events and to express personal meaning in both art and therapy. The third part will reveal the results of a pilot research study that explored the relationship between verbal narrative and music improvisation in the creation of an autobiography. The subjects (4 music therapists narrated their autobiography, then improvised on each period (Narrative Improvisation Method – NIM, or performed the tasks in reverse order (Improvisation Narrative Method – INM. Musical and verbal data were analyzed to compare what was evoked in the music and in the narrative. Subjects were interviewed about their experiences in both methods and the interview data were analyzed to gain a deeper understanding of the process. Implications for the development of clinical and research techniques that integrate both verbal and music narration are discussed.

  4. Writing about patients: what clinical and literary writers share.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Elise

    2009-10-01

    Anyone who seeks publication wants readers, but self-expression, self-assertion, and self-promotion have consequences, especially for those who draw on clinical material and who must honor publication standards of integrity and reliability, as well as ethical codes governing confidentiality, consent, disguise, and collaboration. This paper employs tools of literary analysis, principles of moral philosophy, and psychoanalytic theories about writing to show that writers of fiction and autobiography also struggle with these dilemmas. They worry about their responsibilities to the sources of their stories, and wonder if changing names and dates will prevent friends and family, whose lives get used as material, from feeling embarrassed, betrayed, or exploited. Because they understand that the composing process blurs boundaries between fiction and nonfiction, fantasy and memory, self and other, they recognize that an author's relationship with his or her subject (matter) can disable the capacity to recognize when self-interest has taken over a concern for the welfare of others. More important, literary authors are free to write about writing, and what they render transparent about primitive, unconscious processes suggests that what clinical writing has in common with fiction and autobiography should be included in efforts to update ethical standards and procedures regarding psychoanalytic publication. PMID:19734448

  5. Hilary Brown, Gillian Dow (Eds.: Readers, Writers, Salonnières. Female Networks in Europe, 1700–1900. Frankfurt am Main u.a.: Peter Lang 2011.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatiana Korneeva

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Im Sammelband von Hilary Brown und Gillian Dow werden die Kommunikationsnetze und der kulturelle Austausch zwischen den intellektuellen und schreibenden Frauen im Europa des 18. und 19. Jahrhunderts untersucht. Insbesondere wird auf die Analyse der verzweigten Verbindungen gelehrter Frauen verschiedener Länder eingegangen, unter Berücksichtigung ihrer Briefwechsel, ihrer gegenseitigen Besuche und ihrer in literarischen Salons entstandenen Kontakte. Durch die Analyse von veröffentlichten und unveröffentlichten Quellen unterschiedlichster Gattungen (vom Roman über Poesie, Reisetagebücher und Märchen bis hin zur Autobiographie bietet der Band neue Einblicke in die literarischen Praxis und die Entwicklung der europäischen Tradition des weiblichen Schreibens.Hilary Brown and Gillian Dow’s anthology examines the networks of communication and the cultural exchange between intellectual and writing women in 18th and 19th century Europe. It elaborates particularly on the analysis of the intertwined connections between the scholarly women of different countries, considering their written correspondence, their mutual visits, and the contacts that were developed in literary salons. Through the analysis of published and unpublished sources of various genres (from novel to poetry, travel journals, and fairy tales to autobiographies, the volume offers new insights into the literary practice and the development of the European tradition of female writing.

  6. Editorial: Special issue dedicated to Gabor Somorjai's 80th birthday

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-01

    This special issue of Surface Science has been prepared to honor Professor Gabor A. Somorjai on the occasion of his 80th birthday. Professor Somorjai was born on May 4, 1935 in Budapest, Hungary. In 1953 he enrolled as a chemical engineering student at the Technical University of Budapest. Gabor was an active participant in the Hungarian Revolution of 1956. When the Soviet military crushed the revolution, he had to leave the country by walking across the border with his sister and his future wife. After immigrating to the USA in 1957, he applied to begin graduate studies and was accepted at the University of California, Berkeley. Gabor received a PhD in Chemistry in 1960, only three years later. Following a short sojourn at IBM, he returned to Berkeley in 1964 to take up a faculty position in the Department of Chemistry and the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, which he still holds today. For the interested reader, more can be learned about Gabor's fascinating life in his autobiography, "An American Scientist: The Autobiography of Gabor A. Somorjai.

  7. A Different Way of Saying “I”: The Presence of Books in Primo Levi’s Works

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irena Prosenc Šegula

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Primo Levi’s literary production is extremely varied and cannot be limited to autobiography despite the fact that the author is primarily studied for his autobiographical works. However, his texts related to autobiography show the strongest and most consistent presence of books, which is analyzed in this article. The beginnings of Levi’s writing can be traced to autobiographical motifs. Autobiography, which is present in a considerable part of the author’s work, is particularly connected to essays that often include autobiographical elements. Levi analyzes himself as an author as well as a reader, thus putting into practice the motto of “recognizing, analyzing, and weighing,” derived from his profession as a chemist. As a self-analyzing reader, he is a carrier of abstract notions deriving from previous readings as well as the owner of books intended as concrete objects displayed on his bookshelves. Books are his “soul companions” over various periods of his life and a conspicuous part of luggage on his wanderings through postwar Europe. The clearest image of Levi as a reader is found in The Search for Roots: A Personal Anthology. Levi’s selection of thirty texts by other authors combines depictions of books as concrete objects, literary works, and notions permeated with autobiographical elements. The choice of excerpts, varying from literary to scientific texts, is based mostly on autobiographical motifs. In Levi’s autobiographical texts, books and reading assume an important role in reminiscing and testifying about past events. The author also elaborates on his eclectic reading habits, inherited from his family, as well as on the way he handles books as objects. In his autobiographical narrative, books are given the same attention as other objects, people, and places, often including their titles, a physical description, the circumstances in which the author came into their possession, and the places where he read them. After

  8. The Application of Grounded Theory of Memoirs and Biographies in the Management Science%回忆录与传记的扎根研究在管理学中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕力

    2012-01-01

    In the application research of management science,based on presumptions,a questionnaire survey has certain orientation,but it could not reveal all the aspects of management conducts,especially those at enterprise leaders' subconscious level.The research on the grounded theory shows that memoirs and autobiographies,the completely distinctive qualitative material from questionnaire survey,are a notable source of research data.Since the data obtained from autobiographies and memoirs are far apart from those acquired from qualitative data in terms of regularity and objectivity,they can not be used in empirical studies,but are suitable for the construction of theories.The significance of memoirs and autobiographies in management studies resides in the completeness,richness,authenticity,and the non-selective feature of the material.%在管理学的应用研究中,问卷调查依据先定的假设可以具有一定的导向性,但不能揭示出管理行为的所有方面,尤其是企业领导行为的潜意识层面。通过对扎根理论研究表明:回忆录和传记作为与问卷调查完全不同的定性资料,是不可忽视的研究数据来源。由于从传记和回忆录中抽取的数据从规范性、客观性等方面还是与定量数据相距甚远,其资料不适用于实证研究,而主要适用于理论的建构过程。回忆录与传记在管理学研究中的意义在于:资料的整体性、丰富性、真实性以及无可选择性。

  9. La création d’un espace littéraire pour débattre de l’ère maoïste

    OpenAIRE

    Veg, Sebastian

    2015-01-01

    Depuis la littérature des cicatrices du début des années 1980, la fiction et l’autobiographie fictionnalisée ont largement contribué à mettre en lumière la violence de masse de la Révolution culturelle. Cependant, ces textes se sont cantonnés à un cadre bien défini, à l’intérieur duquel le système politique n’était pas remis en question en tant que tel. Ces dix dernières années, le champ littéraire chinois s’est en revanche penché plus spécifiquement sur les années 1950, avec des oeuvres tell...

  10. [Nikola Tesla: flashes of inspiration].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villarejo-Galende, Albero; Herrero-San Martín, Alejandro

    2013-01-16

    Nikola Tesla (1856-1943) was one of the greatest inventors in history and a key player in the revolution that led to the large-scale use of electricity. He also made important contributions to such diverse fields as x-rays, remote control, radio, the theory of consciousness or electromagnetism. In his honour, the international unit of magnetic induction was named after him. Yet, his fame is scarce in comparison with that of other inventors of the time, such as Edison, with whom he had several heated arguments. He was a rather odd, reserved person who lived for his inventions, the ideas for which came to him in moments of inspiration. In his autobiography he relates these flashes with a number of neuropsychiatric manifestations, which can be seen to include migraine auras, synaesthesiae, obsessions and compulsions. PMID:23307357

  11. Necessary Fictions: From Cinéma vérité to Ciné, ma vérité(s

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rowena Santos Aquino

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Despite critical reconceptualisations of reenactment in theory and practice beginning in the 1980s, such scholarship has confined reenactment to a process that rests solely on substitution, actors, and actor reenactment. This article examines reenactment in which actual persons reenact their own pasts and memories in the context of contemporary Iranian cinema to bring about an embodied historiography. This collaboration between social actors and filmmakers shifts the focus from questions of substitution to questions of presence and proximity in representations of the past and personal memory. This article explores these questions of presence, proximity, and reenactment as a distinct mode of audiovisual autobiography through a reading of Mohsen Makhmalbaf’s film Bread and Flower (1996 as a case study.

  12. INSTRUCTIONS TO AUTHORS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    <正>GENERAL INFORMATION World Journal of Radiology(World J Radiol,WJR,online ISSN 1949-8470,DOI:10.4329)is a peer-reviewed open access(OA)academic journal that aims to guide clinical practice and improve diagnostic and therapeutic skills of clinicians.Aim and scope WJR covers topics concerning diagnostic radiology,radiation oncology,radiologic physics,neuroradiology,nuclear radiology,pediatric radiology,vascular/interventional radiology,medical imaging achieved by various modalities and related methods analysis.The current columns of WJR include editorial,frontier,diagnostic advances,therapeutics advances,field of vision,mini-reviews,review,topic highlight,medical ethics,original articles,case report,clinical case conference(clinicopathological conference),and autobiography.We encourage authors to submit their manuscripts to WJR.We

  13. CADÁVER TUERTO, DE EDUARDO LABARCA EN EL MARCO DE LA "NOVELA HISTÓRICA CHILENA RECIENTE" Corpse, de Eduardo Labarca under The "Historical Novel Recent Chilean

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Barraza J

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Cadáver tuerto (2005 anticipa las variaciones del género novelesco en la literatura chilena, privilegiando y contemplando el proceso de la escritura. Labarca parodia en esta novela los cruces entre la ficción, la realidad y la historia, entre la vida y la autobiografía, entre el discurso televisivo, radial y del periodismo escrito, de modo tal que da un notorio giro discursivo a la narrativa chilena de filiación histórica.Cadáver tuerto (2005 anticipates the variations of the novel genre in Chilean literatura, priviledging and contemplating the writing process. Labarca parodies, in this novel, the crossings among fiction and reality, between life and autobiography, between television, radio and written newsprint discourse.

  14. Alfred Felix Landon Beeston (1911-1995

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfred Felix Landon Beeston

    1997-08-01

    Full Text Available AutobiographieNé le 23 février 1911, c'est au Collège de Westminter que je fis mes études secondaires, avec une formation approfondie en latin et en grec. A temps perdu j'appris tout seul l'allemand, afin de pouvoir pratiquer dans cette langue un travail d'érudition ; j'acquis de la même façon des notions d'arabe. Toujours enclin à opter pour l'insolite, l'exotique, j'avais songé, il fut un temps, à me lancer dans le sanscrit ou le chinois ; mais je ne puis aujourd'hui me rappeler ce qui, fin...

  15. Chapitre IV. Spectres du sujet démocratique chez Thomas Pynchon : de Gravity’s Rainbow et Mason & Dixon à Against the Day

    OpenAIRE

    Battesti, Anne

    2016-01-01

    Thomas Pynchon, écrivain invisible dans le spectacle marchand, a choisi de disparaître derrière son œuvre. Il ne récuse pourtant pas les convergences entre l’autobiographie, et l’œuvre de fiction. Revenant sur ses nouvelles rassemblées après plus de vingt ans sous le titre de Slow Learner, il met au nombre de ses défauts de jeunesse « an unkind impatience with fiction I felt to be “too autobiographical“. Somewhere I had come up with the notion that one’s personal life had nothing to do with f...

  16. It's the Water That Makes You Drunk

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katz, E. J.

    1984-04-01

    It's the Water That Makes You Drunk is billed as “A Celebration in Geophysics and Oceanography—1982” in honor of Walter Munk's 65th birthday, October 19, 1982. It consists of 14 contributions of variable length and an entertaining autobiographic sketch by the honoree which updates and fills in some Freudian omissions in an earlier autobiography. The authors, an invited group from among the celebrants at a 2-day birthday party, are a diverse group of geophysicists selected to represent the wide spectrum of Walter's scientific interests (and occasional achievements, as Walter himself might say) over the last 4 decades. Thus, among others, Klaus Hasselman writes on surface waves, Chris Garrett on internal waves, Stanley Flatté on sound waves, Carl Wunsch on acoustic tomography, Peter Rhines on the general oceanic circulation, Dave Cartwright on ocean tides, Gordon MacDonald on atmospheric chemistry, Kurt Lambeck on the earth's rotation, and John Tukey on spectral analysis.

  17. Marjane Satrapi. Persépolis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charbanou Jochum-Maghsoudnia

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Dans les quatre volumes de sa bande dessinée Persépolis Marjane Satrapi décrit et illustre en noir et blanc son autobiographie. Elle y superpose de manière vertigineuse et transparente les événements et les faits marquants de l’Iran contemporain qu’elle entremêle avec les vies au quotidien sous le régime des mollahs. Le récit de sa vie d’adolescente exilée fait appel à des questions universelles comme celles de l’intégration, de l’adaptation à d’autres cultures et de l’identité.Née en Iran en...

  18. Vassilis Alexakis ou le choix impossible entre le grec et le français

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernard Alavoine

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Vassilis Alexakis has the particularity of writing either in French or in Greek and following a novelist career in the two countries: his literary bilingualism, associated with a self-translation practice, is rather uncommon among foreign writers who have chosen French as a writing language. Running from the military junta that takes the power in Greece in 1967, Alexakis exiles himself to France and publishes three novels in French. At the end of the 70’s, an identity crisis leads him to come to Athens more and more regularly, and above all to learn his mother tongue again. After the publication of Talgo in Greek, Alexakis settles down in the conflicting situation of being between two languages, situation that reflects his nomadism. However, the links between the host and native languages have calmed down for the last decade, in a polyphonic work tinged with autobiography where Greek and French voices are enriching one another.

  19. South Africa's role in the Civil War in Russia 1918-1920

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W.M. Bisset

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available South Africa's role in the Civil War in Russia (1917 -1920 has never been fully researched and it is probable that relatively few people are aware that South Africans were among those who fought against the Red Army in 1918-1920. Although it has not been possible to trace a roll of members of the South African Forces who served in Russia between 1918 and 1920, their autobiographies and letters published in The Nongqai have made it possible to compile an interim report on the subject. However, it is important to note that even if the roll of members of the South African Forces who served in Russia could be traced or compiled from the personnel record cards in the SADF Archives, this would not provide a complete picture because a number of the South Africans who served in Russia had served in the British Forces throughout the Great War.

  20. Narratives and communication in health care practice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Mariann B.

    2014-01-01

    The article concerns the issue: How to deal with the increasing challenges of communication in the health care sector? On the one hand, it focuses on how to include the patient’s and relatives´ perspectives. On the other hand, it focuses on the existential/spiritual perspective which is now......, and data from published autobiographies. The analysis shows that challenges are centered on communication about existential and spiritual matters. The relationship between being professional, personal and private is focused on in the light of the concepts of empathy and epoché as well as in a discussion...... of a phenomenological approach. Finally, a teaching practice dealing with the challenges is outlined seeing education as an existential and relational activity....

  1. "Virginia Woolf's The waves: a lyrical 'sense of continuity' in a sea of dissociation".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albini, Theresa K

    2007-01-01

    The Waves, written in 1931 by Virginia Woolf, is an astounding depiction of an internal landscape richly full of dissociative phenomena. Although applauded for its genius and considered by many to be her highest literary achievement, critics complained that the language of the characters seemed artificial and a departure from the usual interior monologue appearing in other works that utilized stream of consciousness writing at the time. Woolf believed this work to be misunderstood as she often felt herself. This paper illustrates how The Waves might metaphorically connote the internal experiences of dissociating. The narrative of the novel illuminates the mapping of Woolf's internal system as it changes across a life span. Woolf deftly submerged not only the facts of her personal life in The Waves but, more important, revealed through both her literary method and language the dissociative nature of her own mind. By extrapolating from Woolf's autobiographies, journals, and letters, the parallels between fact and fiction become apparent. PMID:18032344

  2. «I am not a giant, I am just a Laplander». Cándido María Trigueros and his correspondance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María ANGULO EGEA

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available When Aguilar Piñal commenced the arduous task of «rescuing» Cándido María Trigueros from oblivion, he drew people’s attention to a unique figure of the 18th century. Although focused his attention on Trigueros himself, we must also bear in mind the large volume of personal correspondence, unknown to the general public, Trigueros maintained with the most well known figures of the period between 1758 and 1798.These letters spread out from two cities: Seville (Carmona and Madrid.The objective of this study is not only to explain the character of this man of the 18th century Arts, but above all, to analyse the function of letters in his daily life and their relationship with the construction of his autobiography. Therefore, these letters are a representation of the image the author projects of himself and his work in a personal, relational and subjective ambiance.

  3. Neue Perspektiven auf die Lehrtätigkeit von Frauen im 19. Jahrhundert New Perspectives on Women’s Teaching in the 19th Century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hans-Martin Moderow

    2002-11-01

    Full Text Available Durch eine differenzierte Auswertung von 32 Autobiographien von lehrenden Frauen aus dem Deutschland des 19. Jahrhunderts eröffnet die Verfasserin neue Perspektiven. In ihrer vergleichenden und differenzierenden Darstellung wird deutlich, dass Frauen in weit stärkerem Maße als bisher angenommen lehrend tätig waren. Dabei nimmt die Verfasserin auch die nichtschulische Arbeit in den Blick.Wedel’s differentiated evaluation of 32 autobiographies of teaching women in 19th century Germany opens new perspectives. Wedel’s comparative and differentiating description renders clear that women teachers were much more common than previously assumed. Wedel’s analysis also includes women’s teaching outside of scholarly institutes.

  4. Screening of Malian medicinal plants for antifungal, larvicidal, molluscicidal, antioxidant and radical scavenging activities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diallo, D; Marston, A; Terreaux, C; Touré, Y; Paulsen, B S; Hostettmann, K

    2001-08-01

    A total of 78 different extracts from 20 medicinal plants belonging to 14 plant families from Mali were tested for their antifungal, larvicidal, molluscicidal, antioxidant and radical scavenging activities. Dichloromethane, methanol, water and ethanol extracts were used. TLC autobiography for antifungal activity was run with Cladosporium cucumerinum and Candida albicans. Extracts were also tested on the larvae of the mosquitoes Aedes aegypti, Anopheles gambiae and Culex quinquefasciatus. Molluscicidal activities were established with the snails Biomphalaria glabrata, Biomphalaria pfeifferi and Bulinus truncatus. beta-Carotene and DPPH solutions sprayed on TLC plates were used for antioxidant and radical scavenging assays. Of the extracts investigated, 20% were antioxidant and radical scavengers, 19% fungicidal, 30% were larvicidal and 11% were molluscicidal. Three of the plant extracts, from Cussonia barteri (Araliaceae), Glinus oppositifolius (Aïzoaceae) and Lannea velutina (Anacardiaceae) gave positive responses in all four tests. PMID:11507731

  5. Selected Abstracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    GONG Xuan Nameless 'T' and Crazy Joe: Seamus Deane's Defensive Writing 3 Focusing on the characterization of the nameless narrator and Crazy Joe in Reading in the Dark, this essay points out the influence of James Mangan's Autobiography and James Joyce's A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man on Deane's autobiographical novel. It argues that being respectively a narrator-witness to the British state's violence in Derry and a parody of the stereotypical image of the Wild Irish, "I" and Joe serve as angry as well as satirical mouthpieces for the author's defense of the nationalist resistance to neo- colonial oppression.

  6. Stereotypes of autism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Draaisma, Douwe

    2009-05-27

    In their landmark papers, both Kanner and Asperger employed a series of case histories to shape clinical insight into autistic disorders. This way of introducing, assessing and representing disorders has disappeared from today's psychiatric practice, yet it offers a convincing model of the way stereotypes may build up as a result of representations of autism. Considering that much of what society at large learns on disorders on the autism spectrum is produced by representations of autism in novels, TV-series, movies or autobiographies, it will be of vital importance to scrutinize these representations and to check whether or not they are, in fact, misrepresenting autism. In quite a few cases, media representations of talent and special abilities can be said to have contributed to a harmful divergence between the general image of autism and the clinical reality of the autistic condition. PMID:19528033

  7. L’écriture de la sexualité

    OpenAIRE

    Adell-Gombert, Nicolas

    2008-01-01

    À partir de l’exemple de deux autobiographies, celles de Jacques-Louis Ménétra et d’Agricol Perdiguier, tous deux compagnons du Tour de France, il s’agit d’établir des constantes de l’écriture de soi. La perspective adoptée, le discours sur la sexualité, sert de point d’ancrage. Après avoir déterminé les sphères d’énonciation de la sexualité des deux compagnons, le ludique chez Ménétra, l’altérité chez Perdiguier, on en vient à établir, au-delà des spécificités de chacun, une permanence des f...

  8. Some autobiographical data (my life before the First World War)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fesenkov, V. G.; Fesenkova, L. V.

    The autobiography of the distinguish astronomy academician V. G. Fesenkov consists of two parts. The first one describes the period before 1914, the second one - the next period of academician life. The education in primary school, Harkov's University, his work in Tashkent and Harkov observatories, work at dissertation, work at the observatories in Paris, Medon and Nyssa are under discussion. This part of biography talks about the educational state and astronomy in Russia and Europe before the First World War. Also there are discussion of life of Russian intelligence at the beginning of XX century and intellectual atmosphere of life and work of scientists in Russia and France. The second part is devoted to the development of native astronomy in the Soviet period.

  9. L’Empire ottoman à travers la biographie picaresque d’Eliya Karmona

    OpenAIRE

    Varol, Marie-Christine

    2012-01-01

    L’autobiographie romancée d’Eliya Karmona publiée en 1926, Comment naquit Eliya Karmona comment il grandit et comment il devint directeur du Djugetón projette un regard critique sur les tribulations d’un jeune homme juif dans les dernières années du sultanat, entre 1884 et 1908.Sur le mode sarcastique, maniant l’auto-ironie, il construit sur ses déboires un roman picaresque qui sacrifie à la loi du genre, mais qui s’apparente par d’autres aspects aux genres cultivés par les Judéo-Espagnols : ...

  10. L’Empire ottoman à travers la biographie picaresque d’Eliya Karmona Ottoman empire through picaresque biography of Eliya Karmona

    OpenAIRE

    Marie-Christine Varol

    2012-01-01

    L’autobiographie romancée d’Eliya Karmona publiée en 1926, Comment naquit Eliya Karmona comment il grandit et comment il devint directeur du Djugetón projette un regard critique sur les tribulations d’un jeune homme juif dans les dernières années du sultanat, entre 1884 et 1908.Sur le mode sarcastique, maniant l’auto-ironie, il construit sur ses déboires un roman picaresque qui sacrifie à la loi du genre, mais qui s’apparente par d’autres aspects aux genres cultivés par les Judéo-Espagnols : ...

  11. Psychoanalysis, creativity, and hope: forward edge strivings in the life and work of choreographer Paul Taylor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Press, Carol M

    2005-01-01

    Psychoanalysis and creativity are not interchangeable enterprises; however, both creativity and psychoanalysis promise the hope of transformation. But hope may be fragile. Healthy aspects of self may hide and diminish hope to protect it against invasion from toxic pathological patterns. Hope may be rekindled by an empathically responsive environment and the reengagement of healthy forward edge strivings. Psychoanalysis illustrates creativity as a conduit for hope. Modern dance choreographer Paul Taylor's 1988 autobiography, Private Domain, describes Taylor's hope and strivings through creative engagement. Unfortunately, when Taylor's body inevitably falters after years of performing, he is unprepared psychologically to cope successfully. Taylor's sense of self begins to fragment and his forward edge strivings to decay. Eventually, Taylor collapses on stage from drug addiction and illness; his performing career crashes to an end. Taylor must search for his forward edge strivings with hope. Psychoanalysis illuminates Taylor's journey to find hope, motivation, meaningful intention, and transformation through creativity and dance-making. PMID:15953780

  12. Flowerman

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amanda Ravetz

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available I am engaged in a project about reverie, using poetics and storytelling as my method. Where does one person’s reverie start and another’s end? What uses might anthropology have for reverie? Taking the form of a braided narrative, Flowerman, meshes my voice with others to explore the entanglements of reverie, its fundamental inter-subjectivity. But rather than call this autobiography or autoethnography, I regard it as a form of inter-subjective practice-led research, aimed at shared understanding. To speak of practice-led research is to evoke the precepts of artistic research as much as those of anthropology. Artistic research does not imagine a separation between knowledge production, and making processes. The insights yielded here through making, and reflection on making, are folded back into the practices of storytelling.

  13. CRITICAL AUTOETHNOGRAPHY AND THE VULNERABLE SELF AS RESEARCHER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gresilda A. Tilley-Lubbs

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents critical autoethnography as an innovative approach to conducting research in marginalized, vulnerable communities. Combining autoethnography, ethnography, and critical pedagogy, the researcher becomes a participant in the study, turning inward to examine the Self and the complexities of cultural perspectives through the lens of critical pedagogy. Intense reflexivity and introspection undergird this study of Self as participant, going beyond recounting facts as objectively as possible, as occurs with autobiography, to acknowledging that the researcher is interpreting the facts through cultural perspectives formed through years of sociocultural, socio-historical, sociopolitical, and socioeconomic events and circumstances. Subsequently, the researcher, more than likely a member of the dominant culture in some categories is able to understand herself as an oppressor. 

  14. Critical Autoethnography and the Vulnerable Self as Researcher

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gresilda A. Tilley-Lubbs

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents critical autoethnography as an innovative approach to conducting research in marginalized, vulnerable communities. Combining autoethnography, ethnography, and critical pedagogy, the researcher becomes a participant in the study, turning inward to examine the Self and the complexities of cultural perspectives through the lens of critical pedagogy. Intense reflexivity and introspection undergird this study of Self as participant, going beyond recounting facts as objectively as possible, as occurs with autobiography, to acknowledging that the researcher is interpreting the facts through cultural perspectives formed through years of sociocultural, socio-historical, sociopolitical, and socioeconomic events and circumstances. Subsequently, the researcher, more than likely a member of the dominant culture in some categories is able to understand herself as an oppressor.

  15. Automethodology: Tracing a Home for Praxis-Oriented Ethnography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra L. Pensoneau-Conway

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The authors trace the development of ethnographic practices according to the methodological assumptions of ethnographers within different historical periods. As communication scholars, the authors find Calvin O. Schrag's conceptualization of the self to be informative and advantageous for navigating an ethnographic sense of ‘self in the current status of the methodological contestation. Borrowing from Schrag’ s work, which focuses on communicative praxis in understanding the self, this article explores an innovative methodological framework called automethodology. By examining the deployment and emplotment of the self within the automethods of autobiography, autoethnography, narrative co-construction, community autoethnography, critical complete-member ethnography, reflexive ethnography, autoperformance, and layered account, the authors develop epistemological foundations for praxis-oriented ethnographers. Throughout this journey, the authors end up situating themselves in a place they consider home-in the practices of automethodology.

  16. Peter Becker and his Nazi past

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zeidman, Lawrence A; Kondziella, Daniel

    2014-01-01

    Peter Becker was a German neurologist who helped classify the muscular dystrophies, and described Becker muscular dystrophy and Becker myotonia. His involvement in National Socialism began in 1933, when he was compelled by his peers to join the SA (brown shirts). He later joined the Nazi party......, the Nazi Doctors Association, and the Nazi Lecturers' Association. He renewed his SA membership to maintain his position at a genetics institute. Colleagues stated postwar that he was not an active Nazi, and he was de-Nazified in 1947, able to continue his career. Later, Becker admitted to most......, but not all, of his Nazi memberships in his autobiography, and wrote 2 books exploring the origins of Nazism and racial hygiene. The "neurologic court of opinion" must weigh in on how we should best remember Becker, and at the very least, we as neurologists must learn the dangers of career opportunism at any...

  17. Just Another Aspie/NT Love Story: A Narrative Inquiry Into Neurologically-Mixed Romantic Relationships

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marlo Goldstein Hode

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores the complexities, issues, and challenges of neurologically mixed romantic relationships; specifically focusing on relationships in which one partner is diagnosed with Asperger’s syndrome. Using a narrative approach to data drawn from online discussion boards, blogs, autobiographies, and research articles, the findings are presented in the form of a narrative reconstruction. Reconstructing data into a fictional, non-traceable format is a fruitful method of attending to the ethical and privacy issues inherent in online research. Starting with a discussion of autism and Asperger’s communication and traits, identity politics, and online community building, this article articulates some of the ways that neurological differences result in real differences in emotional needs, sensory perceptions, and ways of thinking and communicating in romantic relationships.

  18. Neįgalaus kūno asmens tapatybės kaita XX amžiaus pirmoje pusėje: Prano Daunio Vargo keliais. Atsiminimai iš kovų dėl nepriklausomybės ir aklųjų gyvenimo | Identity change of the disable body during 1st half of the 20th century: On the Roads of Misery. Memories from the Battles for Independence and the Life of the Blind by Pranas Daunys

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aistė Birgerytė

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The article introduces the first autobiography of the disabled in the 20th century Lithuanian literature – the memoirs of Pranas Daunys – On the Roads of Misery / Memories from the Battles for Independence and the Life of the Blind. In the context of the disability body studies, the article discusses different levels in the formation of the corporal identity of the blind person. The study emphasizes the importance of cultural space to the identity of the blind, which is related to the Braille. The article explains the integrity dimension of the blind person’s identity, which mergers different experiences of personal life (the experience of eye trauma during the war and the memories of patriotic feelings, which are equally important to the personal identity. The research deals with the corporal and sensual self-perception of the blind, which is closely related to the social and public emancipation, changing the lines of national identity.

  19. Barack Obama’s Dreams from My Father and African American Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Stein

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available This article provides a series of close readings of Barack Obama’s autobiography Dreams from My Father. It places the narrative within the history of African American literature and rhetoric and argues that Obama uses the text to create a life story that resonates with central concepts of African American selfhood and black male identity, including double consciousness, invisibility, and black nationalism. The article reads Dreams from My Father as an attempt to arrive at a state of “functional Blackness,” which moves away from questions of racial authenticity and identity politics but recognizes the narrative powers of African American literature to shape a convincing and appealing black self.

  20. Igor Stravinsky: The Poetics and Politics of Music

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Howard Gardner

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The most famous sentence in Igor Stravinsky’s autobiography reads: “Music is by its very nature powerless to express anything at all.” When it appeared, this sentence surprised his audience. After all, Stravinsky had composed some of the most expressive music of the twentieth century, from the lyrical Petrouchka to the dramatic Le sacre du printemps (The Rite of Spring to the elegaic Symphony of Psalms. But ever the polemicist, Stravinsky was in actuality blasting those whom he regarded as his aesthetic opponents, such as the followers of Richard Wagner; such “impurists” were always marshaling music in the service of extramusical ends, from national solidarity to religious freedom. Seeking to repair a perceived imbalance, Stravinsky portrayed the musician as a craftsman whose materials of pitch and rhythm in themselves harbor no more expression than the carpenter’s beams or the jeweler’s stone.

  1. Correcting a Persistent Manhattan Project Statistical Error

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reed, Cameron

    2011-04-01

    In his 1987 autobiography, Major-General Kenneth Nichols, who served as the Manhattan Project's ``District Engineer'' under General Leslie Groves, related that when the Clinton Engineer Works at Oak Ridge, TN, was completed it was consuming nearly one-seventh (~ 14%) of the electric power being generated in the United States. This statement has been reiterated in several editions of a Department of Energy publication on the Manhattan Project. This remarkable claim has been checked against power generation and consumption figures available in Manhattan Engineer District documents, Tennessee Valley Authority records, and historical editions of the Statistical Abstract of the United States. The correct figure is closer to 0.9% of national generation. A speculation will be made as to the origin of Nichols' erroneous one-seventh figure.

  2. Telling stories about illness and disability: the limits and lessons of narrative.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garden, Rebecca

    2010-01-01

    Autobiographical narratives of illness and disability are influential in popular and medical discourses of illness and disability, in part because these narratives represent illness and disability within a sociocultural context, intersecting with other categories of difference. Clinicians can benefit patients through a critical understanding of the formal and social conventions that shape illness and disability narratives and the effect these conventions can have on the lived experience of illness and disability. I analyze the 2003 edition of Lucy Grealy's Autobiography of a Face to illustrate these socio-narrative conventions, especially in light of an afterword that significantly revises the ending to Grealy's narrative. I explore the parallels between narrative conventions-such as the "recovery narrative"-and caregivers' expectations that shape the role of the "good patient," as well as the resistance to conventions of closure, represented by the "renegotiated ending."

  3. [Therapeutic education didactic techniques].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valverde, Maite; Vidal, Mercè; Jansa, Margarida

    2012-10-01

    This article includes an introduction to the role of Therapeutic Education for Diabetes treatment according to the recommendations of the American Diabetes Association (ADA), the Diabetes Education Study Group (DESG) of the "European Association for Study of Diabetes (EASD) and the clinical Practice Guidelines (CPG) of the Spanish Ministry of Health. We analyze theoretical models and the differences between teaching vs. learning as well as current trends (including Internet), that can facilitate meaningful learning of people with diabetes and their families and relatives. We analyze the differences, similarities, advantages and disadvantages of individual and group education. Finally, we describe different educational techniques (metaplan, case method, brainstorming, role playing, games, seminars, autobiography, forums, chats,..) applicable to individual, group or virtual education and its application depending on the learning objective.

  4. Production of peptide antibiotics by Bacillus sp. GU 057 indigenously isolated from saline soil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amin, Adnan; Khan, Muhammad Ayaz; Ehsanullah, Malik; Haroon, Uzma; Azam, Sheikh Muhammad Farooq; Hameed, Abdul

    2012-10-01

    A total of 112 soil samples were taken from differents areas of district D.I.Khan and Kohat (KPK) Pakistan and screened for production of antibiotics against the Micrococcus luteus and Staphylococcus aureus. Widest zone of inhibition (18mm) was produced by microorganism isolated from saline soil. The strain was later identified as Bacillus GU057 by standard biochemical assays. Maximum activity (18mm inhibition zone) was observed against Staphylococcus aureus after 48 hours of incubation at pH 8 and 4% concentration of glucose. The antibiotic was identified by autobiography as bacitracin. The Bacillus strain GU057 was confirmed as good peptide antibiotic producer and can effectively be indulged as biocontrol agent. PMID:24031962

  5. [Humanities as a means of survival: the testimony of a Siberian prisoner of war in the First World War].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inić, Suzana; Fatović-Ferenčić, Stella; Kujundžić, Nikola

    2015-11-01

    This article looks into the autobiography of the Croatian chemist and pharmacognosist Antun Vrgoč (1881-1949) entitled My Memories of the World War 1914-1920 and published in Zagreb in 1937. The author was captured in October 1914 and deported to Siberia, where he remained prisoner of war until 1920. Since there are few memoirs describing the life of Siberian prisoners during the First World War, this work is a precious testimony about the attitude towards the prisoners of war, human relations, and the survival of an AustroHungarian army officer. The book shows a striking lack of civilian or military hostility towards the prisoners and the respect of the Geneva Convention. Antun Vrgoč adopted the culture, customs and language of his formal enemies, took part in their civilian life, and taught at their university. His cathartic experience of survival includes a clear message about the absurdity of war.

  6. INSTRUCTIONS TO AUTHORS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    <正>GENERAL INFORMATION World Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology(World J Gastrointest Oncol,WJGO,online ISSN 1948-5204,DOI:10.4251)is a peer-reviewed open access(OA)academic journal that aims to guide clinical practice and improve diagnostic and therapeutic skills of clinicians.Aim and scope WJGO covers topics concerning carcinogenesis,tumorigenesis,metastasis,diagnosis,prevention,prognosis,clinical manifestations,nutritional support,molecular mechanisms,and therapy of benign and malignant tumors of the digestive tract.The current columns of WJGO include editorial,frontier,diagnostic advances,therapeutics advances,field of vision,mini-reviews,review,topic highlight,medical ethics,original articles,case report,clinical case conference(Clinicopathological conference),and autobiography.Priority pub-

  7. Publishing and Australian Literature: Crisis, Decline or Transformation?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katherine Bode

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available The globalisation and consolidation of book publishing is widely seen as having negative consequences for Australian literature. Some commentators argue that this shift is detrimental to Australian literature as a whole; others identify the growth of multinational publishing conglomerates with a specific decline in Australian literary fiction. This article explores both positions, first identifying and investigating trends in Australian novel publication and comparing these to trends in the publication of novels from other countries as well as other Australian-originated literature (specifically, poetry and auto/biography. It then considers the specific case of Australian literary fiction, before looking in detail at the output of large publishers of Australian novels. This analysis reveals a recent decline in Australian novel and poetry titles, but offers a more complex picture of this trend than dominant expressions of nostalgia and alarm about the fate of Australian literature and publishing would suggest.

  8. [The diagnostic and healing difficulty at "patient" with Klinefelter's syndrome, the disorders of the personality of the type borderline, the eating disorders and mixed dependence from the drugs].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mikołajczyk, Iwona; Wawrzyniak, Zbigniew

    2009-01-01

    It was described the case of 25-years-old person's dependent from medicines (reassuring, sleeping and analgesic)and alcohol from coexisting rare disorders happened in the detox squad. Establish that person, during the treatment metrical he is the man and possesses the characteristic genotype for the Klinefelter's syndrome, the features of the personality of type borderline and the eating disorders (bulimic side of annorexia). Her autobiography, psychical state (she underlined that he felt the woman despite the sex mentally by the whole time of the stay) her behavior are the interesting therapeutics problems. In the article was introduced the test explanation of mechanisms her psychical functioning, and the difficulty which appeared in the process of diagnosis and psychotherapy. The Klinefelter's syndrome was differentiated with transsexualism seldom in the aim of the more exact understanding of above mentioned difficulties. Medical and psychoterapeutic strategies were proposed for that person. PMID:19391512

  9. [Nikola Tesla: flashes of inspiration].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villarejo-Galende, Albero; Herrero-San Martín, Alejandro

    2013-01-16

    Nikola Tesla (1856-1943) was one of the greatest inventors in history and a key player in the revolution that led to the large-scale use of electricity. He also made important contributions to such diverse fields as x-rays, remote control, radio, the theory of consciousness or electromagnetism. In his honour, the international unit of magnetic induction was named after him. Yet, his fame is scarce in comparison with that of other inventors of the time, such as Edison, with whom he had several heated arguments. He was a rather odd, reserved person who lived for his inventions, the ideas for which came to him in moments of inspiration. In his autobiography he relates these flashes with a number of neuropsychiatric manifestations, which can be seen to include migraine auras, synaesthesiae, obsessions and compulsions.

  10. L’Incipit de Jane Eyre : l’annonce d’une quête The Incipit of Jane Eyre as Herald of the Heroine’s Quest

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elise Ouvrard

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Jane Eyre, a fictitious autobiography published by Charlotte Brontë in 1847, starts with the description of a little girl enthralled by the reading of The History of British Birds. However the child is disturbed by John Reed’s noisy entrance and this interruption can be considered as the limit of the incipit according to the definition that Andrea Del Lungo gives of the term in L’Incipit Romanesque. In this first unit of text, what is quite striking is that the ekphrasis enables the narrator to give a thematic, poetic and aesthetic orientation to the novel that is being written. Indeed by describing the pictures of the book by Thomas Bewick, Jane Eyre not only gives an idea of her miserable existence but also heralds the quest she is about to undertake.

  11. Enrique Serna, La sangre erguida

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Davy Desmas

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available S’il est bien un défaut que l’on ne saurait imputer à Enrique Serna, c’est celui de la monotonie et de la peur du risque. Comptant parmi la nouvelle génération d’écrivains mexicains s’étant distingués au cours des trente dernières années, son parcours littéraire se démarque en effet par un souci constant du renouvellement, tant stylistique que thématique. Du roman historique au roman noir, en passant par le récit picaresque, l’autobiographie ou encore la nouvelle futuriste, Enrique Serna n’a ...

  12. L’autobiofiction dans L’art du maquillage et Le fou de Bosch de Sergio Kokis ou deux épisodes d’une « danse macabre »

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simona Emilia Pruteanu

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Le but de cet article est de s’interroger sur le syntagme « je suis un tel » dans le contexte de deux romans de Sergio Kokis, L’art du maquillage (1997 et Le fou de Bosch (2006. La possibilité d’une identité unique et indivisible est défiée dans ces romans par la défaillance du mythe du « je » narrateur unique qui devrait dominer tout le récit. Au contraire, ce qu’on trouve à la lecture c’est le mouvement inverse: la narration suit le processus d’auto-engendrement des personnages-narrateurs, qui se créent des « autobiographies » fictives dans une mise en abyme de l’autobiofiction.

  13. Reviews Book: Extended Project Student Guide Book: My Inventions Book: ASE Guide to Research in Science Education Classroom Video: The Science of Starlight Software: SPARKvue Book: The Geek Manifesto Ebook: A Big Ball of Fire Apps

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-05-01

    WE RECOMMEND Level 3 Extended Project Student Guide A non-specialist, generally useful and nicely put together guide to project work ASE Guide to Research in Science Education Few words wasted in this handy introduction and reference The Science of Starlight Slow but steady DVD covers useful ground SPARKvue Impressive software now available as an app WORTH A LOOK My Inventions and Other Writings Science, engineering, autobiography, visions and psychic phenomena mixed in a strange but revealing concoction The Geek Manifesto: Why Science Matters More enthusiasm than science, but a good motivator and interesting A Big Ball of Fire: Your questions about the Sun answered Free iTunes download made by and for students goes down well APPS Collider visualises LHC experiments ... Science Museum app enhances school trips ... useful information for the Cambridge Science Festival

  14. "I am a trained nurse": the nursing identity of anarchist and radical Emma Goldman.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Connolly, Cynthia Anne

    2010-01-01

    For more than a century, scholars have analyzed the many dimensions of Emma Goldman. Remembered as an agent of revolution, feminism, sexual freedom, anarchy, and atheism, Goldman's motives, personality, and actions have generated an entire subgenre of historical scholarship. But although Goldman practiced nursing in New York City for ten years, one facet of her life that has been neglected is her nursing identity. Goldman's autobiography, Living My Life, reveals the way her nursing experiences informed her evolving anarchist political philosophy and international activism. She valued nursing for many reasons--for the economic independence it offered, identity it provided, and sense of community and connectivity she believed it encouraged. Finally, for Goldman, nursing represented was a vehicle to understand people's struggles and as a way of translating political philosophy into meaningful, practical solutions. PMID:20067092

  15. Compte rendu de Philippe Derchain, Les impondérables de l'hellénisation, Monographie Reine Elisabeth 6, Turnhout, 2000.

    OpenAIRE

    Guermeur, Ivan

    2003-01-01

    International audience Le compte rendu d’un ouvrage récent de Philippe Derchain traitant de la double culture des Égyptiens hellénisés est l’occasion d’évoquer le sens et la notion d’auteur dans les autobiographies et les difficultés qui se font jour quand on veut utiliser ces textes « normalisés » pour appréhender de manière tangible une possible perméabilité de la société indigène à la culture du nouveau pouvoir macédonien. On y évoque aussi quelques problèmes d’onomastique gréco-égyptie...

  16. Las voces antiguas: La Guerra Civil española en algunas memorias y autobiografías del exilio literario de 1939

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eva Soler Sasera

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available In exile's autobiographies and memories, the vindication of spanish civil war apears as a moral duty in front of the general forgetfulness inside Spain. In the same way, its became a place to construct the subject's identity determinated by a lost past. The civil war narrative in José Moreno Villa Vida en claro (1944, Francisco Ayala Recuerdos y olvidos (1988, María Teresa León Memoria de la melancolía (1970, Teresa Pàmies Quan érem capitans (1974, María Lejárraga Una mujer por los caminos de España (1952 and Concha Méndez Memorias habladas, memorias armadas (1990 gets arduous war's events back in order to link with the recovery and the placement of the self.

  17. Canadian petroleum history bibliography. Release update

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cass, D.

    2010-01-07

    The petroleum history bibliography was created over several years as a record dedicated to preserving the history of the Canadian petroleum industry. It comprises a list of more than 5000 publications, including books, theses, films, audio tapes, published articles and stories of the many companies that have come and gone. It aims to include all publications and audio visual products from the Social Sciences and Humanities on company histories, biographies, autobiographies, fiction, poetry and humour. An author index is included. Most government documents are excluded as they are accessible through Library and Archives Canada. This bibliography is an ongoing piece of work, and welcomes any additions relating to the study and preservation of Canadian petroleum industry history.

  18. Peter Becker and his Nazi past: the man behind Becker muscular dystrophy and Becker myotonia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeidman, Lawrence A; Kondziella, Daniel

    2014-04-01

    Peter Becker was a German neurologist who helped classify the muscular dystrophies, and described Becker muscular dystrophy and Becker myotonia. His involvement in National Socialism began in 1933, when he was compelled by his peers to join the SA (brown shirts). He later joined the Nazi party, the Nazi Doctors Association, and the Nazi Lecturers' Association. He renewed his SA membership to maintain his position at a genetics institute. Colleagues stated postwar that he was not an active Nazi, and he was de-Nazified in 1947, able to continue his career. Later, Becker admitted to most, but not all, of his Nazi memberships in his autobiography, and wrote 2 books exploring the origins of Nazism and racial hygiene. The "neurologic court of opinion" must weigh in on how we should best remember Becker, and at the very least, we as neurologists must learn the dangers of career opportunism at any cost.

  19. Afflictions encountered in Paris by an army officer and writer: autobiographical works of Yasmina Khadra and their reception in France

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jędrzej Pawlicki

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This article describes Yasmina Khadra’s autobiographical work composed of two books: "L’écrivain" and "L’imposture des mots" and its reception in France. The main purpose of this study was to establish the literary genre of these books, which implies determining whether Khandra’s work represents an autobiography or an autofiction with reference to P. Lejeune’s and V. Colonna’s theoretical studies. The dividing line between two genres in Khandra’s works refl ects his inner split between being either a solder or a writer. The presentation will also help to understand the controversy resulting from Khandra’s participation in Algerian civil war. Moreover the analysis is related to modern Algerian history.

  20. Music and Health Promotion - In the Life of Music Therapy and Music Psychology Researchers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonde, Lars Ole

    2014-01-01

    In August 2013 Center for Music and Health published its first anthology in English on ‘Musical Life Stories’. 17 authors from 6 countries present their research on the influence of music in a lifelong health perspective. A unique feature in the book is a collection of “personal narratives......” by the authors. In a free form each author wrote a short narrative of music’s influence on their identity and health in a life span perspective. The present article is a thematic analysis of these 13 narratives. The themes identified are briefly related more generally to the international research literature...... on music and identity and more specifically to the author’s study of health themes in the musical autobiographies of music therapy students at Aalborg University (DK). The analysis shows that there are some specific themes in the professional’s narratives, however, the researchers are very much in line...

  1. Online negotiations of infertility: Knowledge production in (in)fertility blogs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Harrison, K.

    2014-01-01

    Although now used for a wide range of functions such as education, marketing and political commentary, blogs were originally a space for narrating personal life stories and have much in common with autobiography and diary genres. This article examines (in)fertility blogs written by women trying...... to conceive, arguing that blogging helps women to renegotiate their experiences of femininity when motherhood is denied or difficult. To do this, I focus on blogs as a space for knowledge production, creating a new paradigm for fertility information which challenges both the doctor/patient power dynamic...... and traditional discourses concerning fertility. I show how bloggers use their blogs to 'make sense' of their (in)fertility experiences by looking at the distinctive content, style and format of their blogs. Finally, the knowledge produced in the blogs is problematized by 'situating' them within a broader...

  2. Fragments of Science: Festschrift for Mendel Sachs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ram, Michael

    1999-11-01

    The Table of Contents for the full book PDF is as follows: * Preface * Sketches at a Symposium * For Mendel Sachs * The Constancy of an Angular Point of View * Information-Theoretic Logic and Transformation-Theoretic Logic * The Invention of the Transistor and the Realization of the Hole * Mach's Principle, Newtonian Gravitation, Absolute Space, and Einstein * The Sun, Our Variable Star * The Inconstant Sun: Symbiosis of Time Variations of Sunspots, Atmospheric Radiocarbon, Aurorae, and Tree Ring Growth * Other Worlds * Super-Classical Quantum Mechanics * A Probabilistic Approach to the Phase Problem of X-Ray Crystallography * A Nonlinear Twist on Inertia Gives Unified Electroweak Gravitation * Neutrino Oscillations * On an Incompleteness in the General-Relativistic Description of Gravitation * All Truth is One * Ideas of Physics: Correspondence between Colleagues * The Influence of the Physics and Philosophy of Einstein's Relativity on My Attitudes in Science: An Autobiography

  3. Panofsky on Physics, Politics, and Peace Pief Remembers

    CERN Document Server

    Panofsky, W K

    2007-01-01

    Wolfgang K.H. Panofsky is a prominent physicist who has been an active contributor to elementary particle physics, accelerator building, and laboratory administration as well as to international security policy and arms control. This volume is a somewhat unorthodox memoir. In Panofsky’s words: "This volume contains an unsystematic account of my past work; it is not intended to be an autobiography in the conventional meaning of the term. It is not even remotely a scholarly description of the momentous developments in which I was able to participate; rather it is a recital of memorable episodes, borrowing from the compulsory preface of facetious British history: ‘History is not what you thought. It is what you can remember.’ " Pief

  4. Dalit women life-narratives and literature as experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cielo Griselda Festino

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Jacques Ranciere (2011, p. 53 observes that rather than create works of art, contemporary artists want to get out of the museum “[...] and induce alterations in the space of everyday life, generating new forms of relations”. In this context, the aim of this paper is to discuss the power of literature to turn experience into life-narratives that will eventually give rise to a differentiated kind of social experience (SMITH; WATSON, 2010, through the reading of the novel Sangati (1994 by the Indian Dalit writer Bama. In order to make visible the experiences of the Dalit women, Bama rewrites the genre autobiography, as understood in the West, since in her narrative the voice of the community imposes itself upon the voice of the individual. In so doing, she changes the quality and style of canonical narratives considered as literary so that they will accommodate the stories of silenced people articulated through a differentiated kind of aesthetics.

  5. Tityrus and Galatea (Virgil, Eclogue 1: An Expected Relationship

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Paschalis

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Tityrus and Galatea are found together only in Virgil, Eclogue 1. The article argues that they form a ‘significant’ pair of pastoral names, suggesting ‘cheese’ and ‘milk’. It provides evidence from Theocritus, where ‘milky’ Galatea is inserted in the semantic field of ‘milk and cheese’;  Lucian, where Galatea forms a pair with the proper name Tyro; and  the Alexander Romance, where Satyros is etymologized from ‘tyros’ (‘cheese’, in light of the fact that Virgil’s ‘Tityrus’ indicates a species of satyr. The article treats also proper name versions of ‘milk and cheese’ in the Aeneid. It is concluded with a discussion of the name ‘Tityros’ found in Nikos Kazantzakis’ autobiography entitled Report to Greco and in his novel KapetánMichális (Freedomor Death.

  6. François Durpaire, Olivier Richomme, L’Amérique de Barack Obama

    OpenAIRE

    Luc Benoit à la Guillaume

    2008-01-01

    Étoile montante sur la scène politique américaine, premier homme politique noir capable de séduire l’électorat blanc, Barack Obama est aujourd’hui candidat à l’investiture du parti démocrate pour les élections présidentielles de 2008. Bien que son autobiographie publiée en 1995, Dreams from my Father. A Story of Race and Inheritance, se soit vendue à plus d’un million d’exemplaires aux États-Unis, elle n’a toujours pas été traduite. Seul son dernier ouvrage, L’Audace d’espérer : une nouvelle ...

  7. “THE SHADOWY INTIMITY”: NOTE ON THE SELF-WRITING IN AL BERTO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonardo de Barros Sasaki

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The question we face is how can we understand the relationship between life and poetry in a work like the one by the poet Al Berto, so permeated by so-called self-writing (autobiography, diary, memoirs, correspondence, etc.. The intention in this article is to discuss the notions of autobiogra­phy, privacy, intimacy and authenticity in his poetic universe. For that, we comment not only the literary texts stricto sensu, as well as his public state­ments - interviews and speeches -, understanding them also as part of the “autobiographical game” proposed by the poet. At the end, we propose, as a case study, the analysis of two somewhat unknown texts by Al Berto: “Bio­graphical note in letter form” and “Acceptance Speech for the PEN Club Award for Poetry”, both collected by us in the poet’s estate. 

  8. Karl ernst von Baer's 'Uber Entwickelungsgeschichte der Thiere II' and its unpublished drawings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tammiksaar, Erki; Brauckmann, Sabine

    2004-01-01

    In 1828 Karl Ernst von Baer (1792-1876) published his seminal Uber Entwickelungsgeschichte der Thiere. Beobachtung und Reflexion. In the preface he announced that a second volume with one copper plate would be finished 'in a few weeks'. However, it took nine years until the unfinished second volume was released, with four copperplates. In his 'Autobiography', von Baer did not clarify the reasons why he did not finish his research program of comparative embryology. The paper attempts to elucidate them, furnished by archival documents and von Baer's unpublished embryological drawings. Our sketch of a few figures will show that (1) von Baer searched for 'analogies' (homologies) as a unifying principle and (2) explained the mechanisms of embryogenesis by physiological reasoning (electromagnetism). The main objective is to show that technical problems in illustrating and conceptual difficulties impeded von Baer's ambitious research program.

  9. The journey of an integrationist: A grounded theory analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rihacek, Tomas; Danelova, Ester

    2016-03-01

    Surveys among psychotherapists tend to show a high preference for integrationism/eclecticism. There is, however, a lack of empirical studies exploring the process by which these psychotherapists arrive at this orientation. To answer this question, 22 autobiographies published by integrative psychotherapists were analyzed using grounded theory analytic procedures. The analysis resulted in a 3-stage developmental model, consisting of (a) the Adherence Phase, (b) the Destabilization Phase, and (c) the Consolidation Phase. The results are discussed in relation to several speculative models of psychotherapist development toward integration, as well as empirical literature on psychotherapist development. The results suggest that the tendency toward integration is best regarded as a natural part of the process of psychotherapist development. PMID:26785357

  10. “乞妇”萧红的“身份”认同与女性反叛--以女性主义视角解读其自叙体散文%On the Self-identity of"Beggar Woman"XiaoHong and the Rebellion for Females

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    季艳华

    2013-01-01

      萧红作为一位以个体生命体验创作的天才作家,她的自叙体散文对于了解萧红的创作心理与创作情感,以及个人生活,具有很高的研究价值。试以萧红的自叙体散文为研究对象,尤以《商市街》为主要分析文本,以女性主义的视角分析萧红对“乞妇”这一“身份”的自我认同,探索萧红对“乞妇”身份的接受历程,对女性“女儿”“妻子”“母亲”三重社会身份的放弃,以实现对男权主流社会的反叛和对男性主流文学的疏离。%Xiao Hong, as a talented writer with individual life experience , her autobiography also is of great value for us to understand her writing mentality and emotion and her personal life .Based on her autobiography , especially on the Commer-cial Street , the paper analyzed the identity of beggar woman and the abandon of triple identities of the daughter , the wife and the mother from the feminist perspective in order to realize the rebellion against the patriarchal society and the alienation of the mainstream literature dominated by men.

  11. Sur une nouvelle d’Arthur Schnitzler (1862-1931 L’appel des ténèbres On a Novella of Arthur Schnitzler (1862-1931, Flight into Darkness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gérard Danou

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Arthur Schnitzler, écrivain et médecin, nous dit dans son autobiographie que les maladies mentales l’attirent  surtout pour ce qu’elles ont de « poétique ou du moins de littéraire ». à partir d’un fait divers tragique (un individu dément tue son frère, authentique cas de paranoïa meurtrière, Schnitzler veut nous montrer par la fiction, que l’expertise de la littérature est supérieure à l’expertise médicale pour sentir et traduire la complexité des situations singulières. Il construit sa démonstration en puisant autant dans ses connaissances neurologiques et psychiatriques positives que dans la tradition de la médecine romantique et dans le conte fantastique.In his autobiography, writer and doctor Arthur Schnitzler (1862-1931 tells us that mental illnesses draw him especially by whatever may be their “poetic or at least literary” qualities.  Referring to a tragedy reported in the news (a mentally ill person kills his brother – an authentic case of murderous paranoia, Schnitzler undertakes to show us, through fiction, that literary expertise is superior to medical expertise for feeling and translating the complexity of singular situations. He builds his demonstration drawing as much on his knowledge of the neurological sciences and psychiatry as he does the tradition of romantic medicine and tales of the fantastic.

  12. On the Structure of Under My Skin%《在我的皮肤下》结构探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    盛剑兰

    2013-01-01

    Doris Lessing(1919-)is one of the most important British contemporary writers .In 2007,she won the Nobel Prize as“the epicist of the female experience who with skepticism fire and visionary power has subjected a divided civilization to scruti -ny”.Under My Skin is the first volume of Lessing’s autobiography.Lessing’s growing process is the main line of her autobiogra-phy.Based on the linear structure , Lessing flexibly uses other temporal narrative techniques , supported with unique spatial narra-tive skills, which add new meanings to her autobiography , and can make the audience understand the writer more deeply , thour-oughly, and objectively .%多丽丝·莱辛(1919-)是当代英国最重要的作家之一。2007年,她以“女性经验的史诗作者,以其怀疑的态度、激情和远见,清楚地剖析了一个分裂的文化”获得诺贝尔文学奖。《在我的皮肤下》是莱辛自传的第一卷。自传以莱辛的成长过程为主线。在线性时间结构的基础上,莱辛灵活使用时间叙事技巧,并辅以独特的空间叙事技巧,为莱辛的自传增添不少色彩;这种独特的叙事结构,也使读者能更加深入、全面、客观地看待作者。

  13. Ingmar Bergman, the biographical legend and the intermedialities of memory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maaret Koskinen

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Ingmar Bergman (1918–2007 wrote his autobiography The Magic Lantern (Laterna magica, 1987 5 years after he had finished his film career with Fanny and Alexander, his last feature made for the cinema screen. This arguably marked the second stage of his strictly literary career, the first being his plays for the stage in the 1940s. The Magic Lantern is of interest from an intermedial perspective in its forthright theatricalization or cinematization of the written text and the self-conscious performativity of its authorial voice. Of particular interest is the way the narrator turns into a kind of distanciated autobiographical witness, which in turn reminds the reader of the inherent narrative split in the autobiographical genre between the enunciating subject speaking from the present, and the described subject, the younger self in the past. In doing so the narrator seems to turn language itself into a performative venue: the medium of words becomes a theatrical stage or a cinematically charged mise-en-scène for memory as such.This is of course not only stylistically elegant, for what can be more natural than a film- and theater director who, as the very title of the autobiography announces, turns memories into cinematic and theatrical performances? But even more interesting is the extent to which Bergman in doing so seems to conjur forth his biographical legend, reminding the reader of who is in charge of text: the narrator becomes the director of the text, so to speak, lighting and setting the stage.Besides this artful approach, Bergman also clearly fictionalized his life in other ways, which is corroborated by the private note books and original manuscripts that the writer of this paper has gained access to.

  14. The making of a bilingual science educator: An autobiographical study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chacon, Hugo Alejandro

    This qualitative study explores the journey of a Latino educator in becoming a bilingual high school science teacher and university professor. It focuses on discovering how the practice of teaching and learning is shaped through social, psychological, and cultural factors. Through the use of an autobiographical method known as currere, the researcher recounts personal and educational experiences that address important issues in education related to language, science, culture, and social class through the perspective of one doing the work. The study reviews the literature on autobiographical forms of research in the field of education and suggests how autobiography in education, an emerging genre, holds the promise for creating new meanings of the self while at the same time attempts to develop a theory of autobiography that acknowledges the importance of people of color and other marginalized groups. Data collected include 22 hours of audiotaped recordings, conversations, and educational artifacts including notes from innovative classroom projects, lesson plans, conference presentations, computer files, graduate coursework, classroom videotaping, university course evaluations, and department memos. Findings of this study revealed that: (a) the process of becoming a transformative educator involves critical self-reflection on one's cultural/ethnic identity and linguistic heritage; (b) the importance of self-reflection on one's teaching is a critical component in moving towards a more culturally and linguistically responsive curriculum; (c) the bilingual educator can achieve a greater understanding of the important role in the maintenance, implementation, and promotion of minority language education through a reflective practice; and (d) the development of the underrepresented voice in education and the awakening to one's personal and philosophical worldviews is as important as the preparation one receives in becoming a bilingual teacher.

  15. 《夏日》里的多重声音%The Multiple Voices of Summertime

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张磊

    2012-01-01

    库切的小说《夏日》创造性地运用了多角度叙述的方法,形成了多重声音的交响。在多重声音中,女性由沉默的他者变为话语的主体,男性话语沦为陪衬,真相趋向多元化。更重要的是,故事的主角已故作家“库切”以及南非社会,在多重声音的辉映下得以立体呈现,并无绝对的价值判断,体现出库切一贯的关于自传写作的观点:自传也是一种故事叙述。%In Summertime, the multiple voices refer to the narrative that various characters conduct about the leading hero or heroine in the text, and the variety of narrative perspectives manifests the pluralization of truth. Coetzee deliberately provides the reader with more than one voice instead of restricting the narration to a single narrative point of view. Coetzee takes a narrative strategy in multi- ple voices, transforming the mute other into a speaking subject. More significantly, the presentation of these women's own voices about themselves shows the objective "Coetzee" and South Africa society, which manifesting Coetzee's view on the nature of autobiography itself: autobiography is a kind of storytelling.

  16. Uma autobiografia operária: a memória entre a entrevista e o romance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Sergio Leite Lopes

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available TRATA-SE da apresentação e análise de uma rara autobiografia romanceada feita por um trabalhador e entregue aos pesquisadores após entrevista realizada com o autor em trabalho de campo na vila operária da cidade de Paulista, em Pernambuco. Apesar de apresentar metáforas e fábulas comuns ao gênero de literatura para leitura em voz alta, como o cordel, o autor domina uma narrativa elaborada com três versões de uma história comum, vista por três personagens, com pequenos mistérios e surpresas: só no meio da narrativa é que o leitor percebe se tratar de uma autobiografia. Por meio de uma narrativa ficcional de sua história vivida, o autor aborda suas origens rurais, a importância de alguns membros do grupo familiar na sua infância e adolescência; aspectos não-revelados nas entrevistas que versavam sobre sua participação recente no trabalho industrial. A experiência de migração para os centros metropolitanos, a diversidade de trabalhos na indústria, a relação com a leitura e a autodidaxia desse filho caçula são fatores, como em outras autobiografias operárias de que se tem conhecimento em escala internacional, para explicar esse trabalho reflexivo por escrito sobre o passado e suas origens sociais.IN THIS article is presented and analysed a rare ficional worker's autobiography given to the anthropologists after interviews in fieldwork done in the company-town located at the city of Paulista, Pernambuco. In spite of the use of fables and metaphors that are common to the literary genre for loud voice lecture, as cordel, the author masters an elaborate narrative with three versions of the same story, seen by three characters, with some mysteries and surprises: only in the middle of the text the reader perceives that it is an autobiography. Through fictional narrative of his living history, the author describes his rural origins and the importance of some members of his family unit in his childhood and youth; all non

  17. Social change in the perspective of biographical reflection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danuta Lalak

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The modern world is interpreted and described in terms of an autobiographical society, in which the fundamental issues of human life are resolved in the process of an individual decision and being involved in a peculiar type of a dialog. This dialog is more and more often a dialog with oneself and an author’s vision of the world created in the confrontation with virtual reality. In this epoch context the biography is taken into account as a tool for perceiving, understanding and describing the change of the world and the human’s place in the world. Even though, the biography has functioned in social life forever, only now with the epoch of individualization, and then virtualization of life, its formative character has been noticed. Who is the subject of (autobiography? Who is it aimed at as a message and testimony of life? How is it created? Why is it constructed? Who is it constructed by? And then the questions which are behind the autobiography in the theoretical sense – What is life? How do we discover it? What is the link between telling about life and living the life? How is the telling (living about a life connected with culture and history? How does reading (interpreting about life connect with telling about life and the truth about life? Social development phases coupled with transformations within biographical reflection have been distinguished: life in a traditional world – the culture of telling about life; the birth of individualism (the individualization of experience – the culture of describing life; the discovery of identity – the culture of reading about life; life in the net and cyberspace – the culture of constructing life; the new communalism – the culture of seeking the meaning of life. Every stage of biographical reflection enables us to distinguish new forms of creating, understanding and using it in both the humanities and social life, but also in ordinary people’s life. The direction of changes sketched

  18. Aux frontières du politique et du religieux

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frédéric Sylvanise

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available The Autobiography of Miss Jane Pittman met en scène de manière spectaculaire deux figures de leadership noir-américain au XIXe siècle (Ned et au XXe siècle (Jimmy. Ned, fils adoptif de Jane Pittman, se rebaptise Professor Douglass en hommage au leader abolitionniste Frederick Douglass. S’il est fondamentalement laïc (il est instituteur, le texte lui confère néanmoins une dimension religieuse, notamment dans le chapitre intitulé « The Sermon at the River » , qui renvoie à la fois à Moïse (le fleuve et à Jésus (le sermon sur la montagne. Abattu par un tueur à gages, Ned est un martyr dont l’histoire était déjà écrite. Le personnage de Jimmy, attendu par toute une communauté comme le messie (alors que lui aussi est un laïc et un homme qui perd la foi, s’inscrit dans la même histoire. Lettré, éloquent et impliqué dans le mouvement pour les droits civils, il est assassiné comme son prédécesseur. Dans les deux cas, le texte lie donc le politique et le biblique comme s’il ne faisait qu’un : être un leader politique, c’est être un preacher et un messie qui guide le peuple. Il est possible de lire l’évocation de ces deux hommes à la lumière d’une certaine actualité. Ned et Jimmy connaissent en effet un sort proche de celui de Malcolm X et de Martin Luther King, récemment assassinés au moment de l’écriture de The Autobiography of Miss Jane Pittman. C’est l’histoire de la répression du leadership noir, au travers du portrait de deux de ses avatars, qui peut donc se lire en creux ici.

  19. Las deserciones en el Ejército Auxiliar del Perú durante las Guerras de Independencia en el Río de la Plata, 1810-1820. Una aproximación cualitativa.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Hernán Morea

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Los sucesos de mayo iniciaron el proceso revolucionario que iba a culminar con la declaración de Independencia del Virreinato del Río de la Plata de la corona española. En este contexto, el Ejército Auxiliar del Perú, se transformó en uno de los principales instrumentos con los que contó la elite revolucionaria para consolidarse en el poder. El presente trabajo pretende abordar uno de los fenómenos más recurrentes dentro del ejército, las deserciones, a partir de las memorias y autobiografías de aquellos que se desempeñaron como oficiales en dicho ejército entre 1811 y 1820.   The events of May started the revolutionary process that culminated with the independence of the River Plate Viceroyalty from the Spanish Crown. In this context, the Auxiliary Army of Peru turned into one of the most important instruments that the revolutionary elite had to consolidate their power. This work aims to analyze one of the most recurrent problems inside the Army; namely desertion, from the memories and autobiographies of the officers of this Army between 1811 and 1820.

  20. Autobiografia e sujeito histórico indígena: considerações preliminares

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oscar Calavia Sáez

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available A autobiografia, gênero central na bibliografia escrita por ou sobre indígenas nos Estados Unidos, está ausente na bibliografia equivalente no Brasil. Este trabalho questiona as razões desse contraste, resumindo análises sobre a peculiaridade cultural do gênero autobiográfico - profundamente vinculado à formação do indivíduo ocidental -, sobre sua possível tradução ameríndia e sobre as formas pelas quais o sujeito histórico indígena tem sido construído no Brasil.Autobiography, widely present in bibliography written by or about the indigenous people in the US, is seldom found in equivalent texts produced in Brazil. This article raises and discusses reasons for this contrast. It brings to light problems involving cultural peculiarities of the autobiographic genre - profoundly connected to the formation of the occidental individual -, the possibilities of its Amerindian translation and the specific aspects by which the historical indigenous subject has been constructed in Brazil.

  1. STS 63: Post flight presentation

    Science.gov (United States)

    1995-02-01

    At a post flight conference, Captain Jim Wetherbee, of STS Flight 63, introduces each of the other members of the STS 63 crew (Eileen Collins, Pilot; Dr. Bernard Harris, Payload Commander; Dr. Michael Foale, Mission Specialist from England; Dr. Janice Voss, Mission Specialist; and Colonel Vladimir Titor, Mission Specialist from Russia), gave a short autobiography of each member and a brief description of their assignment during this mission. A film was shown that included the preflight suit-up, a view of the launch site, the actual night launch, a tour of the Space Shuttle and several of the experiment areas, several views of earth and the MIR Space Station and cosmonauts, the MlR-Space Shuttle rendezvous, the deployment of the Spartan Ultraviolet Telescope, Foale and Harris's EVA and space walk, the retrieval of Spartan, and the night entry home, including the landing. Several spaceborne experiments were introduced: the radiation monitoring experiment, environment monitoring experiment, solid surface combustion experiment, and protein crystal growth and plant growth experiments. This conference ended with still, color pictures, taken by the astronauts during the entire STS 63 flight, being shown.

  2. Identity, construction and memory in Joanne Leonard’s Being in pictures: An intimate photo memoir (2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heilna du Plooy

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available When Joanne Leonard’s photo collage Romanticism is ultimately fatal (1972 appeared in H.W. Janson’s History of art, the image brought her recognition as an artist. It gave her the confidence to further develop her technique of making photo collages, and the collages became a means of giving expression to her personal emotions as well as her reactions to historical events and public debates. In 2008, Leonard published an autobiographical text, ‘an intimate memoir’, in which she presents a selection of photographs and photo collages narrating her development as an artist and as a person. Written text is added to the visual images, providing information about the content and technical aspects of the photographs and collages as well as about the stages of her life as a person and an artist. This article discusses Joanne Leonard’s photo memoir by focussing on the relationship between identity and narrativity, on the constructed nature of all representions and especially represented autobiographical narratives and, finally, on the understanding and functioning of memory. The theoretical and philosophical aspects of identity, narrative identity, construction and memory are explored, and selected art works are analysed and discussed. The conclusion of the article suggests that autobiography, in all its variety, remains one of the most fascinating genres to study and that this photo memoir is an exceptional example.

  3. R.B. Kitaj (1932-2007: Warburgian Artist

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chaney, Edward

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This essay examines the influence of Aby Warburg and the Warburg Institute, as mediated by Edgar Wind, on R.B. Kitaj from the late 1950s until his death in 2007. It is based on research in the National Portrait Gallery, the Warburg Institute Archive, the Wind archives in Oxford, Kitaj’s unpublished autobiography and correspondence between the author and the artist dating back to 1972. It explores Kitaj’s creative response to Warburg’s brand of cultural history which encouraged his early eschewal of the prevailing focus upon formal values in favour of ‘symbolic images’ and suggestive content. This tendency was enhanced by his increasing celebration of his Jewishness and aspirations towards the creation of ‘a Jewish art like the Egyptian figurative style’. Kitaj’s portrait of Ernst Gombrich (1986 was commissioned by the National Portrait Gallery at a time when he was becoming obsessed with his Jewish project while Gombrich was confirming his rejection of the category Jewish, in other than a religious context, altogether. Discussion of Jewishness and the arts in the twentieth century is supplemented by the identification of David Allan’s Origin of Painting (done in Italy in 1775 as the inspiration for Kitaj’s Los Angeles series of pictures in which his late, lamented wife is depicted as the Hebrew deity, Shekinah.

  4. On Benjamin Franklin’ s Anti-intellectualism%论富兰克林的反智主义倾向

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张国庆; 曾文婧

    2013-01-01

    By interpreting Franklin’ s Autobiography and referring to relevant historical documents, this paper explores Franklin’ s thoughts on religion, education and literature. A conclusion is drawn that, though Franklin is a prestigious intellectual and a successful writer, his emphasis on utilitarianism makes him take on an anti-intellec-tual tint, which has helped to lay the foundation for anti-intellectualism in American society after him.%文章通过解读富兰克林的《自传》,并结合相关历史文献,探讨了富兰克林的宗教观、教育理念、文学观。得出结论是:虽然富兰克林本身是著名的知识分子,也是富有成就的作家,但是对实用主义的过分强调,使其具有初步的反智倾向,为后来美国社会中盛行的反智主义思想奠定了基础。

  5. The Multiplicity of Naipaul Style and its Value%论奈保尔文体风格的多样性及其价值

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董岳州

    2015-01-01

    Naipaul,a Nobel laureate, features a style of multiplicity in his writing,speciifcally represented in the following ifve areas: the autobiography characteristics and the art of reminiscence relfected in his novels; the combination of historical account with novel narration; the news report writing style; the novel-writing techniques in travel notes characterized by “writing realistically as the main technique and creating the invention as the second”; and the synthetically specious writing style. His particular personal style, in line with Naipaul's personality and identity, is unique in the history of the world literature, thus worth studying.%诺贝尔文学奖得主奈保尔作品的形式呈现出一种多样性的文体风格,具体体现在五个方面:小说中的自传色彩和回忆技巧;历史叙述与小说叙事相结合;新新闻报道式的写作方式;纪实为主,虚构为辅——游记中的小说手法;似是而非的综合性文体。这样的风格符合奈保尔的个性和身份,在世界文坛上独树一帜,有其独特的价值。

  6. The Dark Side of Top Level Sport: An Autobiographic Study of Depressive Experiences in Elite Sport Performers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newman, Hannah J H; Howells, Karen L; Fletcher, David

    2016-01-01

    The general and sport psychology research converge to point to a complex relationship between depressive experiences and human performance. The purpose of this study was to explore the depressive experiences of top level athletes and the relationship of such experiences with sport performance. Twelve autobiographies of elite athletes representing eight sports were analyzed. The autobiographical analysis was informed by narrative tradition, using three types of narrative analysis: categorical content, categorical form, and holistic content. The analysis revealed a temporal aspect to the depressive experiences that the athletes reported. Initially, sport represented a form of escape from the depressive symptoms which had been exacerbated by both external stressors (e.g., experiencing bereavement) and internal stressors (e.g., low self-esteem). However, in time, the athletes typically reached a stage when the demands of their sport shifted from being facilitative to being debilitative in nature with an intensification of their depressive symptoms. This was accompanied by deliberations about continuing their engagement in sport and an acceptance that they could no longer escape from their symptoms, with or without sport. The findings extend the extant literature by suggesting a reciprocal relationship between depressive experiences and sport performance, and they support the general psychology literature relating to the negative impact of depression on performance. The applied implications of these findings are discussed emphasizing the importance of early identification of depressive symptoms and the adoption of a proactive approach in the prevention and management of symptoms. PMID:27375544

  7. Stella Díaz Varin: la poesíacomo gesto autobiográfico(escritura y experiencia interior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nelson Rodríguez Arratia

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se reflexiona sobre el carácter biográfico de la obra de Stella Díaz; los vínculos imaginarios entre vida y poesía que dejan entrever los claroscuros de una voz y el temple de un alma femenina. La reflexión, a través de cuatro poemas, determina el sentido de una historia personal y colectiva junto al dolor, la muerte y el olvido. Aquí se sostiene que la lírica es la escritura privilegiada de la autobiografíaThis article reflects on the biographical character of the work of Stella Díaz Marin; the imaginary bonds between life and poetry that let a glimpse of the chiaroscuros of a voice and the character of a feminine soul. The reflection, through four poems, determines the sense of a personal and collective history touching pain, death and forgetfulness. At this point, she states that lyricism is the privileged writing style of the autobiography

  8. Karl Ove Knausgård’s My Struggle and the Serial Self

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    Inge van de Ven

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes Karl Ove Knausgård’s six-volume autobiography My Struggle in the frame of an emerging cross-medial aesthetics of the ‘serial self’. This aesthetics is informed by the technological potentialities of digital media, and by social media practices like taking a selfie or posting a blog every single day and accumulating these self-representations, without selection. The serial self is marked by continuity, real-time effects, open-endedness, rhythm, repetition, and a thematic attention to the mundane. It can be discerned in the daily comic strip, the daily selfie, and time-lapse cinema. The article embeds My Struggle in this larger, intermedial framework. Moreover, it refers to the work of psychologist Galen Strawson to argue that the self-representations in Knausgård’s work should be understood as episodic rather than diachronic in nature. This results in a sequential and paratactic, rather than causal and hierarchical, presentation of memorial material. It is claimed that serial self-representations of this type are increasingly central to our current media ecology. They offer a valuable medium for investigating, materializing, and mapping on the page the traces left by the passage of time, as serialization lends itself to performative and cumulative representations of a ‘self’ in flux, that dramatize and perform the struggles of the episodic personality in search for continuity.

  9. Richard Murphy: a life in writing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Meihuizen

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available The Irish poet Richard Murphy published his autobiography “The kick: a life among writers” in 2003. From a slightly different perspective the subtitle of this work could be rewritten as “A life in writing” since it is an account of the agencies that moulded a life devoted to creative writing which forms the book’s essential impetus. The memoir is based on notebooks which Murphy kept throughout his life “to hold the scraps of verse, elusive images, dreams, desires and revelations” to be developed into poetry. Apart from contextualising his poetry by registering the relationships, circumstances and landscapes from which it germinated, Murphy also tells of the creative process itself and the personal poetics underlying this process. This article explores what is regarded as the central determining feature of Murphy’s identity as poet, namely the relationship between the creative self and a particular place, where the concept of “place” is seen as a cultural palimpsest which represents not only physical qualities, but also the shaping and development of the landscape through time according to a certain way of life.

  10. Interview with Lenny Kaye

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Garrigós

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Lenny Kaye has been Patti Smith’s long term guitarist, friend and collaborator, ever since they first began together in the early 1970s. He grew up between New York and New Jersey, graduating in American History from Rutgers University, where he later taught a course in the Department of American Studies on the History of American Rock, which became famous because of the large number of students who wanted to enroll in it. A very prolific writer and musician, he has produced an important number of records, as well as collaborated with numerous music magazines. He is the author of two books, Waylon Jennings: An Autobiography (1996 and You Call it Madness, The Sensuous Song of the Croon (2004. Nuggets (1972, his anthology of 60s garage music, is famous for defining the genre. This interview took place when he was visiting Spain in November 2012 with the Patti Smith Group. In it, we discussed the New York scene of the 70s, music, literature, drugs, politics, and many other things.

  11. Friendship according to Lucius Annaeus Seneca. A handful of core defining observations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elżbieta Wesołowska

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This article attempts to examine the problem of friendship as it was understood by Seneca in his letters sent to Lucillus. The author scrutinizes the main items in the philosopher’s autobiography to investigate the influence of the events from Seneca’s biography in the shaping of the opinions of the thinker. Lucillus, the addressee of the letters, was actually Seneca’s long-time friend and confidant. The issue of friendship has a long and rich tradition of its own in the antique times. This particular relationship between human beings was of much interest to Plato, Aristotle, Epicurus, Cicero and many others. Seneca does not venture into an attempt at creating a vision for coherent science related to friendship. What he does though is to furnish a vast array of thoughts concerning such questions as: who is worthy of friendship, why is it worth having a friend and what forms the basis for friendship? Strangely enough, these establishments made by Seneca somehow seem to be more close to us than those in which the philosopher constructs the image of a superhuman wise man, a stoic.

  12. Life on the cusp

    CERN Document Server

    Wu, Weimin

    2016-01-01

    While the first 30 years of new China's scientific development was a self-reliant era marked by the detonations of the atomic bomb, the hydrogen bomb, and the launch of the first artificial satellite, the second 30 years after the reform and opening up was signified by the introduction of the Internet to China. Weimin Wu is a unique legendary figure whose career spanned both periods. He not only contributed to the bomb and satellite projects, but also sent out the email from China to Switzerland in 1986, which was listed as the first event in the history of China's Internet development. The Tiananmen Square Protest in 1989 changed his life's trajectory, leading him to eventually immigrate to the US. His personal emotional life is also remarkable. With his experiences immersed in both Eastern and Western cultures, Wu came to believe in the convergence theory of social development, which provides a refreshing perspective for the readers. The autobiography records the details of his legendary life stories, from ...

  13. A Bold New Timeless Classic: Fukunaga’s Partial Reading of Jane Eyre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Engle

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available With its first person narrator, radical tonal changes, and wild blend of genres (autobiography, romance, Gothic melodrama, Christian exemplum, etc., Brontë’s Jane Eyre is a case study in the difficulties of cinematic adaptation, as the filmmaker attempts to balance "fidelity" with contemporary relevance and entertainment value. This article examines Cary Fukunaga’s 2011 version, and in particular certain orientations animating his necessarily "partial" reading of the novel. Chief among these is the decision to begin the film when Jane leaves Thornfield; recounting much of the story in discontinuous flashback, the film manages simultaneously to admit Jane’s narrative voice while eliminating its potentially distracting nature. Fukunaga’s other choices include the toning down of the novel’s lurid Gothic quality, its overt romanticism, and—today an overly familiar romantic comedy stereotype—the teasing interplay between the two protagonists. Communicating in a compact language of visual symbol, he also uses the original’s "religious plot" as a tool for modern character analysis.

  14. A four-fold humanity: Margaret Mead and psychological types.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sullivan, Gerald

    2004-01-01

    Beginning in 1933, while working in New Guinea, Margaret Mead developed her so-called squares hypothesis. Mead never published its terms, though she made a brief comment on it in her autobiography, Blackberry Winter (1972), and the arguments found in Sex and Temperament in Three Primitive Societies (1935) and the research leading to Balinese Character (Bateson & Mead, 1942) bore its imprint. Beginning with William McDougall's distinction between temperament (innate predispositions) and character (learned organization of habit), Mead articulated a morphological approach to the interplay between biology and culture that yielded four primary and four intermediary personality types. Under specified but not inevitable circumstances, the conscious choices of a given people could render one or another of these types characteristic or predominantly stable within their population, giving each of the other types a definite relation to the dominant type and thereby the cultural ethos of its society. Persons of each type followed a developmental path specific to their type different both from that of other types and in its manifestations given the various relations of the individual's type to the dominant type. Mead's hypothesis was, therefore, a vision of the unity and diversity of a single human species as well as an approach to the differing psychological positioning of individuals in cultures. In examining Mead's hypothesis, this essay also takes up Mead's debts to several leading psychologists (McDougall, C. G. Jung, and Erik Erikson), and (provisionally) how her vision differed from that of Ruth Benedict. PMID:15048668

  15. Gatot Mangkupraja, PET A, and the origins of the Indonesian National Army

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shigeru Sato

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Indonesian nationalist Gatot Mangkupraja (1898-1968 was politically active throughout his adult life that extended over the turbulent periods called tiga jaman ('three eras' under the Dutch, the Japanese, and the Indonesian administration but he never reached real prominence, and is remembered primarily for his role in the formation of PETA (Pembela Tanah Air, Defenders of the Homeland. Gatot's fame rests on his own statement that he presented to the Japanese occupation authorities an impassioned petition written in his own blood pleading them to allow the Indonesians to form their own defence force. He made this statement in his memoirs, which were published in the journal Indonesia under the title: 'The PETA and My Relations with the Japanese; A Correction of Sukarno's Autobiography'. Some people cast doubt about the reliability of his statement, which resulted in heated debate in Indonesia in 1975. This debate however failed to clarify the issue in part because people’s access to source materials was limited at that time. Gatot's memoirs merit re-examination because they concern some key issues in modern Indonesian history and also because his memoirs, often cited uncritically, are, as this article will show, riddled with inaccuracies, both large and small.

  16. Recollections of a jewish mathematician in Germany

    CERN Document Server

    2016-01-01

    Abraham A. Fraenkel was a world-renowned mathematician in pre–Second World War Germany, whose work on set theory was fundamental to the development of modern mathematics. A friend of Albert Einstein, he knew many of the era’s acclaimed mathematicians personally. He moved to Israel (then Palestine under the British Mandate) in the early 1930s. In his autobiography Fraenkel describes his early years growing up as an Orthodox Jew in Germany and his development as a mathematician at the beginning of the twentieth century. This memoir, originally written in German in the 1960s, has now been translated into English, with an additional chapter covering the period from 1933 until his death in 1965 written by the editor, Jiska Cohen-Mansfield. Fraenkel describes the world of mathematics in Germany in the first half of the twentieth century, its origins and development, the systems influencing it, and its demise. He also paints a unique picture of the complex struggles within the world of Orthodox Jewry in Germany....

  17. How Prospective Teachers Conceptualized Mathematics: Implications for Teaching

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eric Fredua-Kwarteng

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available What is mathematics? The difficulty of having a precise, universal definition of mathematics has led prospective teachers to define the term in ways that make sense to them. This paper is part of a larger research project conducted in 2000 in an Ontarian university, Canada. The objectives were to identify and discuss conceptualizations of mathematics that prospective teachers brought to their preparation program and to explore the implications of such conceptualizations in terms of teaching and learning. It was believed that both the identification tools and understandings of prospective teachers’ conceptualizations of mathematics were significant for designing an effective pedagogy in accordance with mathematics reform-based perspectives. The research sample consisted of ten prospective teachers enrolled in a one-year bachelor of education program at an Ontarian university. The research used mathematics autobiographies of the respondents and semi-structured interviews of them as sources of data. Guided by the theory of personal construct for analysis of the data, the results showed that the respondents conceptualized mathematics in terms of metaphor, metonymy and combination of the two. The conclusion explores implications of such conceptualizations for mathematics teaching, learning and assessment.

  18. Freud's occupational choice and the unconscious: reverberations of Goethe's "On Nature".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holt, Robert R

    2013-04-01

    The story of the young Freud's search for a brilliant career, familiar from his autobiography and standard sources, and of other relevant aspects of his adolescence, is reviewed in light of hypotheses about his unconscious fantasies. His plan to become a lawyer underwent a gradual change into a wish to make a great contribution to knowledge, like Darwin. But how did hearing the essay "On Nature" read tip the balance toward medicine? The author argues that an answer requires treating that text much the way an analyst interprets a dream or a set of free associations, and proceeds to do so. "On Nature" also foreshadows numerous themes in Freud's mature writings and in his professional practice. The paper concludes with reflections on activity and passivity in Freud's personality and professional work, and with a discussion of ways in which Darwin's theories and those of his followers revived interest in Nature-philosophy, themes from which, rather than the furor sanandi, drew Freud finally to medicine. PMID:23566005

  19. Excerpt from Triangulations: Narrative Strategies for Navigating Latino Identity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David J. Vázquez

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Just as mariners use triangulation, mapping an imaginary triangle between two known positions and an unknown location, so, David J. Vázquez contends, Latino authors in late twentieth-century America employ the coordinates of familiar ideas of self to find their way to new, complex identities. Through this metaphor, Vázquez reveals how Latino autobiographical texts, written after the rise of cultural nationalism in the 1960s, challenge mainstream notions of individual identity and national belonging in the United States.In a traditional autobiographical work, the protagonist frequently opts out of his or her community. In the works that Vázquez analyzes in Triangulations, protagonists instead opt in to collective groups—often for the express political purpose of redefining that collective. Reading texts by authors such as Ernesto Galarza, Jesús Colón, Piri Thomas, Oscar “Zeta” Acosta, Judith Ortiz Cofer, John Rechy, Julia Alvarez, and Sandra Cisneros, Vázquez engages debates about the relationship between literature and social movements, the role of cultural nationalism in projects for social justice, the gender and sexual problematics of 1960s cultural nationalist groups, the possibilities for interethnic coalitions, and the interpretation of autobiography. In the process, Triangulations considers the potential for cultural nationalism as a productive force for aggrieved communities of color in their struggles for equality.

  20. The Tripartite Memory of Istanbul -On the Style and Cultural Awareness of "Istanbul: Memories and the City"%三位一体的伊斯坦布尔记忆——论《伊斯坦布尔——一座城市的记忆》的文体与文化意识

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈勋

    2011-01-01

    《伊斯坦布尔——一座城市的记忆》是奥尔罕·帕慕克的代表作。论文从书中的“我”、另一个“我”、伊斯坦布尔三个主角出发探索其作为小说、自传以及散文的可能,并从中考察了作者利用不同的文体表述了三个不同的主题并最终将三者融合为“呼愁”这种文化意识的形成过程。%"Istanbul: Memories and the City" is Orhan Pamuk' s masterpiece. From the perspectives of "the author", "the narrator" and " Istanbul" , the paper explores the possibility of this book as a novel, an autobiography and an essay; besides, this paper expresses three themes by means of three genres and then discusses the process of combining them into a kind of cultural awareness "Huehou(Melaneholy-yelling)"

  1. The Beautiful Soul in the Confessional: Crafting the Moral Self in Friederike Helene Unger's Confessions of a Beautiful Soul written by Herself

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michelle A. Reyes

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This article examines how Unger’s Confessions of a Beautiful Soul written by Herself creates a new model of moral acquisition. This model finds its place between religious morality and moral performance, calling for the novel’s protagonist, Mirabella, to cultivate a moral self through the spiritual practice of reading. Such a model still revolves around moral transformation, but it is no longer of her soul, but rather her thoughts; that is, Mirabella must first collect various depictions of morality from a wide scope of literature, then choose from these which ones she deems as of greatest importance to her, namely virginity and the control of the passions, and then apply these two concepts in great measure to her self. The proof of her successful cultivation is then evident in her physiognomy. This model is as new as it is radical; first, it provides an alternative to Goethe’s model in his fictional autobiography, Confessions of a Beautiful Soul; second, it contains implications for Mirabella in terms of both gender and class; finally, it allows for a new form of moral authenticity during a time of growing artifice in late eighteenth-century Germany. Foucault’s notions of self-cultivation in The Care of the Self, as well as the commentaries on physiognomy advanced in the works of Lavater and Winckelmann, provide the interpretive lens for this new model.

  2. VOICES OF PRE-SERVICE ENGLISH TEACHERS: REFLECTING MOTIVATIONS DURING PRACTICUM LEARNING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    PAULUS KUSWANDONO

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available After Dewey (1933 and Schön (1983, 1987, education scholars began to look further at the concepts of reflection for learning. Following these concepts, there have been plenty of studies on reflection, particularly those discussing teachers’ classroom experiences and their endeavour to develop professional skills. However, educational practitioners in Indonesia (as in the rest of the world often criticise preservice teachers’ (PSTs lack of content knowledge, which they claim should be ‘prioritised’ during a teacher education course. Such pressing situations may have made it difficult to model or experience reflective practice. Against these odds, this research paper addresses issues related to the identity and professional development of thirteen English PSTs during their campus and school-based practicum in an Indonesian university. This study collected empirical data through PSTs’ reflective journals, questionnaires, individual interviews, focus group discussion, and autobiography. The study examines problems encountered by PSTs, namely their motivations to become teachers. This study signifies that teacher education needs to provide more reflective dialogues to shape PSTs’ identity and professionalism.

  3. Memoir and performance: social change and self life-writing among men who are gay pornography producers and actors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohler, Bertram J

    2004-01-01

    Identity may be understood both as a life-story, either told or written as memoir or autobiography, and also as a practice such as producing or acting in gay pornographic film, but always within the context of social and historical change. Study of the memoirs of gay men who have been actors and/or producers of gay pornographic films across three generation cohorts provides an opportunity for understanding the interplay of social change and life circumstances in making gay identity. This perspective on identity is illustrated through the study of the memoirs of three men from different cohorts who have produced and acted in gay pornographic films: Wakefield Poole, born in 1936; Scott O'Hara, born in 1961; and Aaron Lawrence, born in 1971. Differences in style and content of both memoir and practice in gay pornographic films reflect changing social expectations regarding men who have sex with men following the emergence of the gay rights movement and the AIDS epidemic. PMID:15451702

  4. La espiritualidad de Hipólita de Rocabertí y la construcción de su imagen en el siglo XVII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alabrús Iglesias, Rosa María

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes the objective characteristics of spirituality of Hipólita de Rocabertí expressed in his Autobiography. It contrast the religiosity of the Dominican nun with the construction of her image in the Seventeenth century: the gloss of the jesuit Jaume Puig, the biography written by Antonio de Lorea and the promotion and operation of the beatification developeds for his nephew Juan Tomás Rocabertí. There are studied the reasons of his process of unsuccessful beatification.El artículo analiza las características objetivas de la espiritualidad de Hipólita de Rocabertí, manifestadas en su Autobiografía. Se contrasta la religiosidad de la monja dominica con los esfuerzos de construcción de su imagen en el siglo XVII: la glosa del jesuita Jaume Puig, la biografía escrita por Antonio de Lorea y la operación de promoción a la beatificación que desarrolló su sobrino Juan Tomás de Rocabertí. Se estudian las causas de su proceso de beatificación fallida.

  5. [Textual research on the Wu zhi fang (Prescriptions of Five Hemorrhoids) of Ding Zhai, a lay Buddhist].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Hai-Peng

    2013-09-01

    The book Wu zhi fang (Prescriptions of Five Hemorrhoids), included in the Bibliography of the Song Annals was claimed by later scholars as a book written by Dingzhai, the lay Buddhist. Parts of its contents are cited in Wei Xian's Wei shi jia cang fang (Collections of Prescriptions of the Wei Family). By the preface of the latter book, the prescriptions of the Wu zhi fang were derived from Li Yong-he, whose son passed these prescriptions to Ma Xing-si, who, in turn, gave them to Wei Xian's father Wei Xiong-meng. Wei Xiong-meng was familiar with a calligrapher of the Southern Song Dynasty Shan Wei, nicknamed Dingzhai, the lay Buddhist, who wrote the autobiography for Wei Xiong-meng. In addition to those collected in the Wei shi jia cang fang, there are also "Li Fangyu's Prescriptions for Five Hemorrhoids Secretly Handed Down" collected in the Mi chuan wai ke fang (Prescriptions for External Diseases Secretly Handed Down) of the Ming Dynasty which are also Li Yong-he's prescriptions for hemorrhoids, outnumbering those collected by the Wei shi jia cang fang. PMID:24429040

  6. Christine Angot or the Autofiction as Apneic Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandru MATEI

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available A new literary genre is theorised in the seventies in France, autofiction, which combines characteristics of autobiography (especially what is called the nominal pact, the fact the the first person narrative has the same name as the author’s and of fiction (especially what is called symbolic conversion, in that the facts are not entirely realistic. There are in fact two kinds of autofiction : one which emphasizes on fiction (for instance a novel called Truismes by Marie Darrieussecq and the other one whose interest resides on encoding the “author’s” voice. The last kind of autofiction, illustrated here by Christine Angot’s books published from early 90’s, has not been clearly defined by narratologists, because its definition requires a deeper commitment of scholars in social description that formalist literary studies are not able to give. The signification of this literature is not to be established by a post-romantic aesthetics, and one proof would be Christine Angot’s novel Inceste: a “her-story” told in direct speech, to which the reader listen more than he reads it. What is transmitted is more an emergency of talking underlining a forgotten force of literature: the “immediate” expression of a psyche, of a human energy. Is that literature or not? Is it “for real” or only a literary convention made to impress the reader and to suspend all “aesthetic judgment”?

  7. The aesthetics, historic, autobiographical and publishing style of Petro Marko in the novel “One night and two daysprings” and “Interview with himself"

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    Fatjona Memi

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Autobiography is a personal literary genre. There are not only real facts from the life of an individual, but also fantasy. This paper analyses the existence of aesthetics, historic, autobiographical and publishing style at the novel “One night and two daysprings” and “Interview with himself ” from Petro Marko. The aim of this paper is to point out the similarities of these two works in several areas and to show the talent of Petro Marko in using autobiographical data that show his creative consciousness. He uses several elements like: narrative, the game with calendar time, etc., to create the link between real and imaginary facts. His novel bears conflicts, political issues, social and vital such as fascism and anti-fascist forces, imprisonment, poverty etc. “One night and two daysprings”/”Night of Ustika”, proved these facts not only for Albanians but for all peoples of Europe and the world. His realistic characters embody certain social psychology and characteristics of Albanian mentality. Such are: Gori Gjinleka (Hasta la vista, Andrea Bora (Night of Ustika/One night and two day-springs, Leka Gura (Last City, which stand for human living tempers, especially in relation to love. This peper analyses facts that show similarity in the life of the author Petro Marko and the character Andrew Bora. Some of them are: their profession as a writer, imprisonment in Ustika etc.

  8. The Irish Theme in the Writings of Bill Naughton

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Pierce

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available The student interested in cultural assimilation, hybridity, and naturalization, in masculinity, authorship, and identity, in what happened to the Irish in Britain in the twentieth century, will turn at some point to the Mayo-born, Lancashire writer Bill Naughton (1910-1992, author of a classic children’s story collection The Goalkeeper’s Revenge and Other Stories (1961, ofAlfie (1965, the film which helped define 1960s London, and of a series of autobiographies largely centering on his Irish childhood and upbringing in Bolton. It has been the historic role of Irish writers from Richard Brinsley Sheridan to Oscar Wilde, from Elizabeth Bowen to William Trevor, to give the English back to themselves in a gallery of portraits. Naughton is part of this tradition, but, unlike these other writers, his subject is the English working class, which he writes about from within, with both sympathy and knowledge. It can be readily conceded that his work is not at the forefront of modern English or Irish writing, but it does deserve to be better known and appreciated. Here in this discursive essay, with an eye on his Irish background, I move back and forth across his writing to reflect on his contribution not so to much the cultural greening of Britain as to the mass observation of the English and of the Irish in Britain.

  9. Autobiographical memory and hyperassociativity in the dreaming brain: implications for memory consolidation in sleep

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horton, Caroline L.; Malinowski, Josie E.

    2015-01-01

    In this paper we argue that autobiographical memory (AM) activity across sleep and wake can provide insight into the nature of dreaming, and vice versa. Activated memories within the sleeping brain reflect one’s personal life history (autobiography). They can appear in largely fragmentary forms and differ from conventional manifestations of episodic memory. Autobiographical memories in dreams can be sampled from non-REM as well as REM periods, which contain fewer episodic references and become more bizarre across the night. Salient fragmented memory features are activated in sleep and re-bound with fragments not necessarily emerging from the same memory, thus de-contextualizing those memories and manifesting as experiences that differ from waking conceptions. The constructive nature of autobiographical recall further encourages synthesis of these hyper-associated images into an episode via recalling and reporting dreams. We use a model of AM to account for the activation of memories in dreams as a reflection of sleep-dependent memory consolidation processes. We focus in particular on the hyperassociative nature of AM during sleep. PMID:26191010

  10. 他传抑或自传:魔法师的“迷宫”——评《塞·奈特的真实生活》的叙事艺术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张俊萍

    2012-01-01

    本文剖析了纳博科夫的传记体小说《塞·奈特的真实生活》的叙事艺术,着重探讨了纳博科夫对小说叙述者的身份与功能的操纵。分析发现,纳博科夫通过“混淆”叙述者、次要人物和主人公三者的身份与功能为读者设置了一个没有“出路”的阅读“迷宫”,使小说读起来既像一部自传又似一部他传。%This paper deciphers the narrative art of Nabokov's bi- ographical novel The Real Life of Sebastian Knight and especial- ly demonstrates Nabokov's manipulation of the narrator's identi- ty and function. The study reveals that by "mixing" the identity and function of a narrator, a character and a hero Nabokov cre- ates for readers a reading labyrinth with no way out, making his novel look like a biography and an autobiography as well.

  11. Cyborg oder Göttin: Wie Technikforscherinnen ihr Verhältnis zu Technik sehen Cyborg or Goddess: How Women Academics in Science and Technology View their Relationship to Technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ulrike Kissmann

    2001-11-01

    Full Text Available Die Autorinnen haben für die Beiträge eigene auto/biographische Erlebnisse ausgewählt, in denen der mediale Charakter von Technik deutlich wird. Die Geschichten erzählen also von Technik, die soziale Ordnung und Bedeutung vermittelt und auf diese Weise dazu beiträgt, Geschlechtergrenzen und andere Grenzen wie die zwischen „bekannt“ und „fremd“ oder „normal“ und „anormal“ herzustellen. Die Auto/Biographien sind durch Technik einerseits fremdbestimmt, andererseits zeigen die Autorinnen auch, wie Selbstbestimmung über diese Grenzen hinweg möglich ist. Sie benutzen Donna Haraways Cyborg Metapher (1985, um das Selbst in der Verflechtung von Sozialem und Technischem auto/biographisch zu rekonstruieren.The authors of this book have chosen examples from their individual life stories to illustrate the interpretative character of technology. These stories show how technology mediates social order and meaning and how technology thus contributes to negotiate gendered boundaries and other boundaries, for example, boundaries between “familiar” and “foreign” or “normal” and “abnormal”. The auto/biographies in this book are on the one hand influenced by technology; at the same time, the authors demonstrate that they are also able to transgress these boundaries. Using Haraway’s image of the cyborg (1985 the authors analyse the representation of the self within the interconnections of the social and the technical.

  12. “另类”的种族观--以Slavery Gave Me Nothing To Lose为例透视Zora Hurston%"Offbeat"racial ideologies--Slavery Gave Me Nothing To Lose as case to view of Zora Hurston

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘红秀; 汤斌

    2014-01-01

    Many main-stream Harlem writers found every possible excuse to criticize Zora Hurston and her works, leading to her silence for nearly three decades. This paper attempts to dig out the truth of all those criticism----her different racial ideology. Through studying her micro-autobiography Slavery Gave Me Nothing To Lose and other works, it analyzes the different racial ideologies among Hurston, Langston Hughes and Richard Wright and uncovers the sources of those differences.%哈莱姆文艺复兴主流作家以各种为由责罚左拉·赫斯顿使之埋没了将近三十年,本文试图探讨这种责难背后的真相--赫斯顿所持的“另类”种族观。通过浓缩版自传Slavery Gave Me Nothing To Lose和其他作品研读,对比赫斯顿与兰斯顿·休斯、理查德·怀特作品中的种族观差异,并探究差异缘由。

  13. Australian Aboriginal Memoir and Memory: A Stolen Generations Trauma Narrative

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    Justine Seran

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This article proposes a re-reading of Aboriginal author Sally Morgan’s Stolen Generations narrative My Place (1987 in post-Apology Australia (2008–present. The novel tells the story of Morgan’s discovery of her maternal Aboriginal origins through the life-stories of her mother and grandmother; the object of a quest for the past that is both relational and matrilineal; incorporating elements of autobiography and as-told-to memoirs to create a form of choral autoethnography. Morgan’s text explores the intergenerational consequences of child removal in the Aboriginal context and is representative of Indigenous-authored narratives in its suggestion that the children and grand-children of victims of colonial policies and practices can work through the trauma of their ancestors. I examine the literary processes of decolonization of the Indigenous writing/written self and community; as well as strategies for individual survival and cultural survivance in the Australian settler colonial context; especially visible through the interactions between traumatic memories and literary memoirs, a genre neglected by trauma theory’s concern with narrative fragmentation and the proliferation of “themed” life-writing centered on a traumatic event. This article calls for a revision of trauma theory’s Eurocentrism through scholarly engagement with Indigenous experiences such as Morgan’s and her family in order to broaden definitions and take into account collective, historical, and inherited trauma.

  14. ISOKE: “ADESSO FINALMENTE SONO INTERA. E LIBERA".

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuliana Nuvoli

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available In assenza di Isoke Aikpitany, che non aveva potuto raggiungere Milano, Giuliana Nuvoli narra la sua storia e presenta il suo libro: Le ragazze di Benin- City. È un testo in cui si fondono più generi letterari: romanzo, autobiografia, confessione, documentario, testimonianza. E nel quale la protagonista/narratrice compie un percorso di formazione che la porta a una visione complessa del fenomeno della tratta delle ragazze nigeriane e alla necessità della denuncia.Un libro anomalo, diviso tra passato remoto, passato prossimo,  presente, in cui la parola è sangue e carne; in cui il dolore e la rabbia si stemperano, nel finale, in accenti di speranza.  Isoke: “now finally i am whole. and free” Unable to come to Milan, Giuliana Nuvoli tells Isoke Aikpitany’s story and presents her book: The girls of Benin-City. It is a text that blends multiple genres: part novel, part autobiography, part confession, part documentary, part testimonial.The protagonist/narrator completes a training course that leads to a complex vision of the phenomenon of trafficking in Nigerian women and the need for outcry.A strange book, divided between the distant past, the recent past, the present, where the word is flesh and blood.  Pain and anger dissolve in the end, into a shimmer of hope.

  15. Un mesías, ladrón y paranoico en el Manicomio La Castañeda. A propósito de la importancia historiográfica de los locos

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    Andrés Ríos Molina

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available El artículo analiza el caso de Alberto Nicolat Talocín: un paranoico que tuvo varios ingresos al Manicomio La Castañeda. Con base en sus autobiografías y la tesis escrita por el médico Gregorio Oneto Barenque, el autor reconstruye la forma en que el "loco" se relacionó con la institución terapéutica y con el lenguaje psiquiátrico. Además, se discute el papel del enfermo mental y el contexto cultural en la construcción del saber científico sobre las psicopatías.This article analyzes the case of Alberto Nicolat Talocín: a paranoic that was hospitalized several times in the lunatic asylum La Castañeda. On the basis of their autobiographies and the thesis written by doctor Gregorio Oneto Barenque, the author reconstruct the way "madmen" related to therapeutic institutions and psychiatric language. They also discuss the role of the mentally ill and the cultural context of the construction of scientific knowledge of psychopathies.

  16. The Italian Red Brigades and the structure and dynamics of terrorist groups.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tarantelli, Carole Beebe

    2010-06-01

    One of the problems in dealing with terrorism is that we have virtually no access to individual terrorists; only their actions are visible. The founders of the Italian terrorist group, the Red Brigades, on the other hand, have written about their experiences and have exhaustively explained their motivations. The author's premise is that these autobiographies and her interviews with several of the group's members give us access to the unconscious processes involved in the formation and operation of the group. After terrorist attacks, it is natural to ask whether the terrorists' capacity for collective violence is an indication of personal pathology. This paper argues that the relevant pathology in the terrorist enterprise is not that of the individual but that of the group. Relying on the theories of groups of Freud (1921), Bion (1961), Anzieu (1984) and Kaes (2007), the author argues that psychoanalytic theory is essential to understanding the motivations and actions of violent groups which otherwise remain obscure. Although the discussion has been confined to one terrorist group, the author hopes that it can also be useful for understanding the unconscious dynamics of other groups structured around an ideology which mandates the destruction of human life.

  17. Music and Health Promotion - In the Life of Music Therapy and Music Psychology Researchers: A Pilot Study

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    Lars Ole Bonde

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available In August 2013, the Centre for Music and Health published its first anthology in English - ‘Musical Life Stories’. In the Anthology, 17 authors from 6 countries present their research on the influence of music in a lifelong health perspective. A unique feature of the book is a collection of “personal narratives” by the authors. 13 of the authors wrote a short, free-form narrative about the influence of music on their own identity and health from a life span perspective. This article describes a thematic analysis of the 13 narratives. I investigated the question “Do these music therapy/music psychology researchers use music for their own health in different ways than lay people?” The themes identified are related to the international research literature on music and identity, as well as being considered in relation to the author’s study of health themes in the musical autobiographies of music therapy students at Aalborg University (DK. The analysis reveals that the researchers’ appreciation and appropriation of music’s affordances are basically the same as those reported by music therapy students and lay people.

  18. Roberto Bolaño: the Declension of «I»

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    Zofia Grzesiak

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The relationship between autobiography and fiction, as well as the phenomenon of the double, are one of the most popular subjects among the investigators of the works of Roberto Bolaño. Many critics intend to “open” his texts with a “factual key” and discover his truth, describe his way of mixing reality with fantasy. In other words, one of the central problems in Roberto Bolaño’s ouvre is the phnomenon of the autofiction. Instead of participating in the terminological discussions surrounding the subject, in this essay I propose an approach to the different sides of Bolaño through a juxtaposition of three ideas: the dialogism of Mikhail Bakhtin, the “paralactic mode” of Hal Foster and, specifically, the “sylleptic subject” described by a Polish scholar, Ryszard Nycz. These theoretical devices facilitate the description of the process in which Bolaño effectuates the declination of his own identity. The essay consists of a metaphor drawned form the texts of Jorge Luis Boges, a response to other critical readings of Bolaño’s autofiction and an analysis of the literary investigations described by the chilean author. It is concluded by an approach to the “savagery”, Bolaño’s intrinsic condition which reveals itself in the labyrinthic paradigm of his “I”.

  19. Una teoría del cielo para el neobarroco: interpelaciones entre la “ficción autobiográfica” y el biografema

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    Anahi Rocio Pochettino

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Este ensayo problematiza, en primer lugar, las interpelaciones entre la “ficción autobiográfica” de Severo Sarduy y el “biografema” de Roland Barthes, como una modulación en la pregunta acerca de formas de la simulación y de cómo escribir la propia autobiografía con otros. En segundo lugar, analiza la obra Teoría del Cielo de Arturo Carrera y Teresa Arijón, cuando a través de la imagen del tokonoma revisan el legado de Lezama Lima y Sarduy, e inscriben su experimentación biografemática en la tradición neobarroca. This essay problematizes, first, the interpellations between the concepts of “autobiographical fiction” from Severo Sarduy and “biografema” from Roland Barthes, as a modulation in the question of simulation and how to write the own autobiography with-others. Second, analyzes the work Theory of Heaven of Teresa Arijón and Arturo Carrera, when they review the heritage of Lezama Lima and Sarduy through the image of the tokonoma, and inscribe their biografemátical experimentation in the neo-baroque tradition.

  20. Reviews Book: The Quantum Story: A History in 40 Moments Resource: Down2Earth Equipment: Irwin Signal Generator/Power Amplifier Book: Laboratory Experiments in Physics for Modern Astronomy Book: Heart of Darkness Book: The Long Road to Stockholm Book: The Address Book: Our Place in the Scheme of Things Equipment: TI-Nspire Datalogger/Calculator Web Watch

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-01

    WE RECOMMEND The Quantum Story: A History in 40 Moments Dip into this useful and accessible guide to quantum theory Down2Earth Astronomical-science resource enables students to pursue real, hands-on science, whatever the weather Irwin Signal Generator/Power Amplifier Students enjoy the novelty factor of versatile, affordable kit Laboratory Experiments in Physics for Modern Astronomy Book of experiments would make good supplementary material Heart of Darkness: Unravelling the Mysteries of the Invisible Universe Accessible and distinctive account of cosmology impresses The Long Road to Stockholm: The Story of MRI—An Autobiography Fascinating book tells personal and scientific stories side by side WORTH A LOOK The Address Book: Our Place in the Scheme of Things Entertaining and well-written essays offer insights and anecdotes TI-Nspire Datalogger/Calculator Challenging interface gives this kit a steep learning curve, but once overcome, results are good WEB WATCH Light-beam app game leaves little impression, while astronomy and astrophysics projects provide much-needed resources

  1. Comparative Study of Story of Eating Porridge Two Times Described in the Six Chapters of A Floating Life%《浮生六记》两次吃粥对比释读

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈焕庆

    2015-01-01

    沈复《浮生六记》是我国古代文言小说中不可多得的自传体抒情之作,书中“余”与芸娘伉俪情笃,追求自由,却难为封建卫道士所容,终于难逃其悲剧命运。二人两次吃粥时的不同境遇令人唏嘘,书中所抒写的女性命运与人生处境值得我们深思。%Shen Fu's Six Chapters of A Floating Life is a lyric autobiographies in the history of ancient Chinese classical novel . In this book , YunNiang and I have a close and deep conjugal relationship , looking forward to the freedom;however the story is not acceptable for the feudal apologists .The characters described in the novel has inevitably gone into the tragic fate .The different sit-uations where the two characters eating their porridge were full of frustrations and misfortune and it is worthwhile for us to think a -bout the female fate presented in the novel .

  2. (InEdible Algeria: Transmitting Pied-Noir Nostalgia Through Food

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amy L. Hubbell

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available For those exiled from Algeria during and after the Algerian War for Independence (1954-1962, sustaining memories of the homeland has been a consuming pastime. Food has especially played a large part in reconnecting Algeria’s former French citizens, the Pieds-Noirs, to their past. Annual gatherings feature typical dishes such as couscous, merguez, méchoui, mouna, which like the Proustian madeleine, transport the Pieds-Noirs to a preceding time of wholeness and comfort, allowing them to experience, if only fleetingly, a sense of immortality. While food has a reparative quality for the community’s memory, it is also the site of rejection and pain for some. Marie Cardinal writes about food as a site of unity with the indigenous Algerian community and rejection from her colonial French family. Similarly, in the collective autobiography Quatre soeurs: Hier, en Algérie, aujourd’hui en France, Frédérique Boblin, Eve Calo, Nelly Collet and Fabienne Rozotte explain their shared eating disorders as tied to their expulsion from Algeria. This essay demonstrates that the Pieds-Noirs can eat to remember Algeria, but the Algeria they knew can also prove to be inedible.

  3. Upheavals of Emotions, Madness of Form: Mary M. Talbot’s and Bryan Talbot’s Dotter of Her Father’s Eyes and a Transdiegetised (AutoBiographical Commix

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kusek Robert

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available In 2012, Mary M. Talbot and Bryan Talbot joined the likes of Richard Ellmann, Gordon Bowker and Michael Hastings and in their graphic memoir Dotter of Her Father’s Eyes (2012 offered a new re-telling of James Joyce’s life, focusing, in particular, on the difficult relationship between the great Irish writer, and his daughter Lucia. However, the story of a complicated emotional bond between Joyce and Lucia was only a framework for an autobiographical coming-of age narrative about Mary M. Talbot herself and her violent relationship with James S. Atherton, a celebrated Joycean scholar and her very own “cold mad feary father”. Following Martha C. Nussbaum’s conception about cognitive and narrative structure of emotions postulated in Love’s Knowledge (1990 and Upheavals of Thoughts (2001, this article wishes to argue in favour of an organic connection between the volume’s thematic concerns and its generic affiliation. In other words, it discusses how a specific class of emotions pertaining to Lucia’s gradual mental disintegration can be adequately told only in a specific literary form, i.e. in a transdiegetised “commix”, an (autobiographical account which occupies a threshold space between a comic and a novel, fiction and non-fiction, biography and autobiography, words and pictures.

  4. The Architecture of a Lifetime: Structures of Remembrance and Invention in Walter Benjamin and Aldo Rossi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jolien Paeleman

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available This article presents the result of research on the influence of Walter Benjamin’s thinking in the work of Italian architect Aldo Rossi (1931–1997. In present-day architectural criticism, Aldo Rossi’s oeuvre still constitutes a rich subject for discussion because of its resistance to easy pinpointing, even if Rossi himself explained his theories and methods of design on numerous occasions. In his writings, among these A Scientific Autobiography, Rossi quotes from a collection of Benjamin’s memoirs: Berlin Childhood around 1900. The architect believes that these short prose pieces express better than anything else what he himself had not been able to explain in his writing. In this paper I intend to show the poignancy of the words Rossi referred to and the implications they had on his architecture by offering close comparisons of Benjamin’s and Rossi’s autobiographical writings. In addition, this study examines how one of Rossi’s most famous architectural artefacts, the ossuary of San Cataldo cemetery at Modena, can be viewed as a coalescence of a Benjaminian thought-image, thereby fortifying the philosopher’s presence in modern architecture.

  5. We await for the F¨uhrer’s orders: the Nazi perversion in cinematography

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    Renata Aparecida Frigeri

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This work aims to investigate the ideological and intertextual parallels between Triumph of the Will, the movie, produced by Leni Riefenstahl and the book Mein Kampf, by Adolf Hitler. Triumph of the Will is the film registry of the National Socialist Party in 1934, at the city of Nuremberg and Mein Kampf was written by Hitler in 1924 while He was in jail; the book aims to guide the members of the Nazi party. For this, the research resumes History by the Nazi’s rise using authors like Elias Canetti (1995 and Hannah Arendt (1989; we also study German film production by Siegrief Kracauer (1988. After, this work investigates the movies made by Riefenstahl from Ray Müller’s documentary (1993, and also by the book from Steven Bach (2008 and Riefenstahl’s autobiography (1991. This research constitutes as metodology the books by Mikhail Bakhtin (2010, Robert Stam (1992 and Jacques Durand (1973, to make the movie’s découpage we use Laurent Jullier and Michel Marie (2009. We separated sixteen movie scenes and they were compared between each other to investigate if the movie was made to be seen by all of the german people, to convince them about the Nazi’s ideal – originally present and described in Mein Kampf.

  6. DIE PROBLEMATIEK IN DIE NAVORSING VAN KONTEMPORÊRE KRYGSGESKIEDENIS IN SUID-AFRIKA

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    C.J. Jacobs

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available As is the case after most wars, there has been a flood of material of varying quality on the so-called “BushWar”. Much of this material is written by lay historians. The method of the historian is explained in an attempt to clarify why it is more difficult and more time-consuming for the historian to produce history, than it is for the journalist to produce popular-historical literature. The task of the historian can be facilitated by improving the accessibility of documents. However, the unauthorized destruction of documents, official papers in private possession, document security, inadequate or fragmentary primary sources, and the existance of relatively few memoirs and autobiographies can prove problematic. The writer suggests that a general amnesty for soldiers, increased flexibility with regard to security and the closer involvement on the part of the soldier on the ground, will go a long way to improving the conditions under which military historical research takes place.

  7. Taking the back off the watch a personal memoir

    CERN Document Server

    2012-01-01

    Thomas Gold (1920-2004) had a curious mind that liked to solve problems. He was one of the most remarkable astrophysicists in the second half of the twentieth century, and he attracted controversy throughout his career. Based on a full-length autobiography left behind by Thomas Gold, this book was edited by the astrophysicist and historian of science, Simon Mitton (University of Cambridge). The book is a retrospective on Gold’s remarkable life. He fled from Vienna in 1933, eventually settling in England and completing an engineering degree at Trinity College in Cambridge. During the war, he worked on naval radar research alongside Fred Hoyle and Hermann Bondi – which, in an unlikely chain of events, eventually led to his working with them on steady-state cosmology. In 1968, shortly after their discovery, he provided the explanation of pulsars as rotating neutron stars. In his final position at Cornell, he and his colleagues persuaded the US Defense Department to fund the conversion of the giant radio tele...

  8. A cogenerative inquiry using postcolonial theory to envisage culturally inclusive science education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, Jennifer; Luitel, Bal Chandra; Afonso, Emilia; Taylor, Peter Charles

    2008-12-01

    This forum constitutes a cogenerative inquiry using postcolonial theory drawn from the review paper by Zembylas and Avraamidou. Three teacher educators from African, Asian and Caribbean countries reflect on problems confronting their professional practices and consider the prospects of creating culturally inclusive science education. We learn that in Mozambique, Nepal and the Caribbean scientism patrols the borders of science education serving to exclude local epistemological beliefs and discourses and negating culturally contextualized teaching and learning. Despite the diverse cultural hybridities of these countries, science education is disconnected from the daily lives of the majority of their populations, serving inequitably the academic Western-oriented aspirations of an elite group who are "living hybridity but talking scientism." The discussants explore their autobiographies to reveal core cultural values and beliefs grounded in their non-Western traditions and worldviews but which are in conflict with the Western Modern Worldview (WMW) and thus have no legitimate role in the standard school/college science classroom. They reflect on their hybrid cultural identities and reveal the interplay of multiple selves grounded in both the WMW and non-WMWs and existing in a dialectical tension of managed contradiction in a Third Space. They argue for dialectical logic to illuminate a Third Space wherein students of science education may be empowered to challenge hegemonies of cultural reproduction and examine reflexively their own identities, coming to recognize and reconcile their core cultural beliefs with those of Western modern science, thereby dissipating otherwise strongly delineated cultural borders.

  9. An Exploration into the Reveries of Rousseau

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    Samira Ahansaz

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available From Antiquity to the Enlightenment, several biographical writings from Parallel Lives of Plutarch to the Memoirs of Saint-Simon were practiced. However, the eighteenth century saw the first emergence of the autobiography of introspection in the works of Rousseau. This new literary creation, far from being a simple description of memories, contained the analytical study of Rousseau’s psychological evolution. Following the tempestuous years of composing the Confessions and the Dialogues, a period of quietude and interior consolation began with the Reveries. In this paper, through examining this final stage of Rousseau’s self-analysis, we attempt to procure the answer to the mental problems of modern man; the notions of solitude and falsehood which have been a tragedy for the man of today are herald of «Joie de vivre» in the Reveries. For this end, we examine the analysis carried out by some contemporary authors and critics while having Rousseau's perspective in mind.Keywords: Jean-Jacques Rousseau, definitive solitude, falsehood, self-sufficiency, golden age

  10. In search of "the white area": some notes on art in clinical space.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molad, Gershon J

    2004-03-01

    Would you consider looking at two paintings instead of reading a more ritualized abstract? In the first painting, the poet W. B. Yeats shows passages from his autobiography to his friend, the poet and painter George Russell. Russell is appalled to read that there is hardly a single fact accurate: "If you show me the manuscript," he tells Yeats, "I will correct the facts." Yeats airily dismisses the offer: "Oh, I do not want accuracy. I only want a picturesque sentence" (Kiberd, 2003). The second painting is an image I cherish in my mind for years: a photo of the Teatro del Mondo (the theater of the world) created by Aldo Rossi, the late Italian architect, for the 1979 Venice Biennale. Built in the Venice tradition of floating theaters, Rossi created a theater on water, a raft tugged by a boat. Within the panoramic view of Venice, there is a "huge piece of carpentry," which looks like a stageset of a child's dream memory: some big connected play-cubes made of light brown wood on a metal grid of scaffolding, and a blue pointed tower. For Rossi, this theater goes beyond the context of Venice. It is like "the Marine buildings in Maine, the wonderful tall light houses--'the houses of the light'--that observe and are observed...[in a] Venetian method of construction...that seeks fantasy only in the real" (Rossi, 1979). PMID:14993843

  11. Writing old age Julia Johnson Writing old age (Ed) The Centre for Policy on Ageing and The Open University 87 pp £10 1 90109 755 2 1901097552 [Formula: see text].

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-06-01

    This book is a set of quirky but interesting papers on how ageing is seen in fiction and other forms of creative writing. Each of the five papers has a distinct and perhaps narrow focus and because of this there may be little appeal to some readers. There is one paper on the poem about the old woman, which has been called Kate (also known as Crabbit Old Woman or Open Your Eyes). This traces the origins and impact of this poem and the poem written in response, sometimes known as The Nurse's Reply. There isa paper on fiction written about residential care and there is then a paper about images of ageing in 1920s fiction followed by one onthe novels of Stanley Middleton. The final paper, and the one I found most appealing, was an account of conversations between Jean-Paul Sartre and Simone de Beauvoir in 1974, and a later publication by de Beauvoir. This paper introduces the method of age autobiography.

  12. The forgotten voices of the militares cassados in Brazil

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    Nina Schneider

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Forcibly retired military officials whose political rights were withdrawn (militares cassados during the military regime have previously received no attention from either the military institution or civilians (the State, the general public, and scholars. It is only recently that the Brazilian Truth Commission appointed a subgroup to investigate the militares cassados and that new research projects have been initiated. This article asks why research on military repression has been neglected for so long, and discusses three hypotheses. It then introduces two militares cassados ─ Brigadier Rui Moreira Lima, whose political rights were withdrawn despite his distinguished military career in the Second World War; and Ivan Proença Cavalcanti, a military official who defied instructions from his superiors to open fire on students. Based on oral history interviews, autobiographies, military journals, and intelligence files, this article aims to kick-start a discussion about whether the neglect of the militares cassados may be symptomatic of a historiographical tendency to homogenise the Armed Forces in Brazil.

  13. Mayor gloria de Dios es que lo sea una mujer... Sor María de Jesús de Ágreda y Sor Francisca Josefa de la Concepción del Castillo (sobre la escritura conventual en los siglos XVI y XVII

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    Ferrús Antón, Beatriz

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available During the 16th and 17th centuries the convents were the best space for women’s writing. A Spanish nun, Sor María de Jesús de Ágreda, and a Latin-American nun, Sor Francisca Josefa de la Concepción del Castillo, are two of the most important writers of that time, and they serve like a example to comment the feminine writing in the convent. The autobiography, as a space for self analysis, receives a special attention.Durante los siglos XVI y XVII, los conventos se convirtieron en el espacio privilegiado para la escritura femenina. Una monja española, Sor María de Jesús de Ágreda, y otra latinoamericana Sor Francisca Josefa de la Concepción del Castillo, autoras de textos de referencia para las letras de su tiempo, nos sirven de ejemplo para analizar las claves de la escritura femenina (conventual durante estos siglos. La narración autobiográfica, como espacio de expresividad y autoanálisis femenino recibe aquí una especial atención.

  14. National trauma work and the depiction of women in two Afrikaans historical Karoo novels: Fiela’s child and Sorg

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    Belinda Du Plooy

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Fiela’s child and Sorg are two female-authored popular Afrikaans novels that entertain as subtext dynamics of female agency in the same region and historical period, namely the Little Karoo of the late 19th century. The two novels present a pertinent counter-discursive paradigm to the more mainstream master narrative representations of women of the time. The novels were written and published during the late-apartheid and early post-apartheid years, 1985 and 2006, respectively, and as a result of these dynamics of production, they also engage with the socio-politics of this time, maybe even more so than with the British imperial colonialist period in which the novels are set. As such, both novels step into the discursive streams that flow in and around the trauma work that is associated with South Africa’s contemporary engagement with its colonial and apartheid legacies and heritage. Both texts also contribute to the creation and popularisation of new national master narratives. It is then in this context that these texts can be seen as participating in the multivocal discursive project of new identity construction, specifically identity construction through the writing of a new heterogeneous national autobiography.

  15. Astronaut Biography Project for Countermeasures of Human Behavior and Performance Risks in Long Duration Space Flights

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banks, Akeem

    2012-01-01

    This final report will summarize research that relates to human behavioral health and performance of astronauts and flight controllers. Literature reviews, data archival analyses, and ground-based analog studies that center around the risk of human space flight are being used to help mitigate human behavior and performance risks from long duration space flights. A qualitative analysis of an astronaut autobiography was completed. An analysis was also conducted on exercise countermeasure publications to show the positive affects of exercise on the risks targeted in this study. The three main risks targeted in this study are risks of behavioral and psychiatric disorders, risks of performance errors due to poor team performance, cohesion, and composition, and risks of performance errors due to sleep deprivation, circadian rhythm. These three risks focus on psychological and physiological aspects of astronauts who venture out into space on long duration space missions. The purpose of this research is to target these risks in order to help quantify, identify, and mature countermeasures and technologies required in preventing or mitigating adverse outcomes from exposure to the spaceflight environment

  16. ‘I Never Held Money with my Teeth’: Constructions of Exemplarity in Abul Fazl Farooqi’s Nasheb-o-Faraz

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    Laurent Gayer

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Although life-stories have been playing a central role in the construction of exemplarity in South Asia for centuries, the autobiographical genre was a latecomer on the region’s literary scene. It only developed in the late nineteenth, early 20th century and was constrained by conventional ‘rules of reticence’, which discouraged narratives of self-aggrandizement. Nasheb-o-Faraz (Ups and Downs, the autobiography of the Delhi-based real estate entrepreneur Mohammad Abul Fazl Farooqi (born ca. 1940, which constitutes the focus of this paper, is not immune to such ‘rules of reticence.’ Nevertheless, Farooqi takes some liberty with these moral and literary codes, and his narrative is a deeply subjective one, through which he aims to project himself as a role model, and more specifically as a moral achiever. This endeavour is not free of internal tensions and, all along the text, Farooqi seems hesitant about the example he ambitions to set. The reception of the text, within his family and beyond, also points to the limits of self-constructions of exemplarity in contemporary India, where the economy of greatness is undergoing major changes in a context of economic liberalization and political democratization.

  17. The influence of gender and gender typicality on autobiographical memory across event types and age groups.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grysman, Azriel; Fivush, Robyn; Merrill, Natalie A; Graci, Matthew

    2016-08-01

    Gender differences in autobiographical memory emerge in some data collection paradigms and not others. The present study included an extensive analysis of gender differences in autobiographical narratives. Data were collected from 196 participants, evenly split by gender and by age group (emerging adults, ages 18-29, and young adults, ages 30-40). Each participant reported four narratives, including an event that had occurred in the last 2 years, a high point, a low point, and a self-defining memory. Additionally, all participants completed self-report measures of masculine and feminine gender typicality. The narratives were coded along six dimensions-namely coherence, connectedness, agency, affect, factual elaboration, and interpretive elaboration. The results indicated that females expressed more affect, connection, and factual elaboration than males across all narratives, and that feminine typicality predicted increased connectedness in narratives. Masculine typicality predicted higher agency, lower connectedness, and lower affect, but only for some narratives and not others. These findings support an approach that views autobiographical reminiscing as a feminine-typed activity and that identifies gender differences as being linked to categorical gender, but also to one's feminine gender typicality, whereas the influences of masculine gender typicality were more context-dependent. We suggest that implicit gendered socialization and more explicit gender typicality each contribute to gendered autobiographies. PMID:27068433

  18. The Dark Side of Top Level Sport: An Autobiographic Study of Depressive Experiences in Elite Sport Performers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newman, Hannah J. H.; Howells, Karen L.; Fletcher, David

    2016-01-01

    The general and sport psychology research converge to point to a complex relationship between depressive experiences and human performance. The purpose of this study was to explore the depressive experiences of top level athletes and the relationship of such experiences with sport performance. Twelve autobiographies of elite athletes representing eight sports were analyzed. The autobiographical analysis was informed by narrative tradition, using three types of narrative analysis: categorical content, categorical form, and holistic content. The analysis revealed a temporal aspect to the depressive experiences that the athletes reported. Initially, sport represented a form of escape from the depressive symptoms which had been exacerbated by both external stressors (e.g., experiencing bereavement) and internal stressors (e.g., low self-esteem). However, in time, the athletes typically reached a stage when the demands of their sport shifted from being facilitative to being debilitative in nature with an intensification of their depressive symptoms. This was accompanied by deliberations about continuing their engagement in sport and an acceptance that they could no longer escape from their symptoms, with or without sport. The findings extend the extant literature by suggesting a reciprocal relationship between depressive experiences and sport performance, and they support the general psychology literature relating to the negative impact of depression on performance. The applied implications of these findings are discussed emphasizing the importance of early identification of depressive symptoms and the adoption of a proactive approach in the prevention and management of symptoms. PMID:27375544

  19. The importance and role of correspondence in researching the personality and work of Milenko Paunović

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    Milanović Biljana S.

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available The correspondence of the composer and writer Milenko Paunović (1889-1924 has a great role in revealing different aspects of his life, work and mind. Nearly 100 letters are preserved, most of which belong to his correspondence with his family and particularly with his sister Jelena Paunović, a pianist. One part of Jelena's correspondence with other persons gives us also diverse information about her brother. All the saved letters are kept in the holdings of the Institute of Musicology and the Serbian Archive. Paunović's correspondence is discussed from several viewpoints. In the introduction of the article is given a brief survey and description of the correspondence (according to the list enclosed at the end of the text. This is followed by analysis of some of Jelena's letters that clarify certain facts about the posthumous fate of Paunović's works. In the two central parts of the article the correspondence is observed as a source rich with information concerning Paunović's biography, dating and chronological systematization of his works as well as his (unrealized plans for performance. The concluding discussing is devoted to Paunović's personality, his ambitions, aspirations, relations to the others: it is possible to determine and explain his artistic creation like a specific autobiography and his correspondence speaks in favor of this thesis.

  20. The REAL Caroline Herschel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoskin, M. A.

    2003-12-01

    Caroline Herschel (1750-1848) is famous as the discoverer of eight comets, and the author of an Index to Flamsteed's British Catalogue of Stars, which the Royal Society published at its own expense. She was the devoted collaborator of her brother William during the twenty years he spent 'sweeping' for nebulae; and in old age she reorganized William's 2500 nebulae into a zone catalog that enabled his son John to re-examine these objects systematically, a work for which she was awarded a Gold Medal of the RAS. Nevertheless, study of her autobiographies and other manuscripts shows that her attitude to astronomy was ambivalent. William had rescued her from drudgery in Hanover, and her primary concern was to express her gratitude to him, even when his interests turned from music to astronomy and as a result she was required to abandon her career as a singer. Yet although the decision was hers, she often resented the sacrifice she had made. She emerges as a complex and often troubled personality, very different from the serene observer of legend.

  1. Patients as story-tellers of healthcare journeys.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lamprell, Klay; Braithwaite, Jeffrey

    2016-09-01

    There are gaps in our comprehension of patients' subjective experiences as they engage with and transit through the healthcare environments implicated in their treatment trajectories. Patients' stories, unlike patient experience data gathered in questionnaires and surveys, express the deeply personal, narrative nature of the journeys that patients take, creating opportunities for qualitative healthcare research. Yet narrative capabilities and propensities vary with individuals, and are affected by the stresses of illness and treatment. This article extends the growing interest in narrative competence training for both practitioners and patients with the investigation of a story-telling model that could facilitate patients to narrate their experiences of healthcare systems. This model is derived from the literary arts. In fiction and autobiography, the journey arc of the central character is often one in which he or she is compelled to leave the comfort of everyday life and face a series of extraordinary events involving challenge and change which forces the character towards practical, intellectual, psychological and philosophical adjustments that define, by the end of the story, the character's 'new normal'. This pattern is known as the 'hero journey'. Its parallels with patients' experiences of healthcare and the way people narrate their stories of illness have long been recognised. We present here a new idea for applying this model as a narrative structure by which patients may construct their stories about being in and moving through the healthcare system.

  2. Reducing Math Anxiety: Findings from Incorporating Service Learning into a Quantitative Reasoning Course at Seattle University

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    Allison Henrich

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available How might one teach mathematics to math-anxious students and at the same time reduce their math anxiety? This paper describes what we found when we incorporated a service learning component into a quantitative reasoning course at Seattle University in Fall 2010 (20 students and Spring 2011 (28 students. The course is taken primarily by humanities majors, many of whom would not take a course in math if they didn’t need to satisfy the university’s core requirement. For the service learning component, each student met with and tutored children at local schools for 1-2 hours per week (total about 15 service hours, kept a weekly journal reflecting on the experience, and wrote a five-page final paper on the importance and reasonable expectations of mathematics literacy. The autobiographies, self-description at the beginning of the class, focus group interviews at the end of the term, journal entries, final essays, and student evaluations indicated that the students gained confidence in their mathematical abilities, a greater interest in mathematics, and a broader sense of the importance of math literacy in modern society. One notable finding was that students discovered that the act of manufacturing enthusiasm about math as a tool for tutoring the children made them more enthusiastic about math in their own courses.

  3. Nonlocality and exceptional experiences: a study of genius, religious epiphany, and the psychic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwartz, Stephan A

    2010-01-01

    Two hundred years of reductive materialism has failed to explain the extraordinary experiences we know as moments of genius, religious epiphany, and psychic insight. This paper proposes that these three experiences are in essence the same experience, differentiated only by intention and context. It reaches this conclusion based on well-conducted experimental research across the continuum of science--work that proposes a new interdependent model of consciousness that takes into consideration a nonlocal linkage or entanglement, as an aspect of consciousness not limited by space and time. The paper surveys some of the most important relevant research from quantum biology, physics, psychology, medicine, anthropology, and parapsychology. It proposes that more attention should be paid to the autobiographies, correspondence, and journals of men and women to whom history unequivocally accords the designation of genius, saint, or psychic, offering examples from these sources. And it presents comparisons between ethnohistorical material and spiritual traditions, suggesting they arrive at a similar worldview. Finally, it proposes that meditation research, some examples of which are cited, be seen in the context of psychophysical self-regulation, and that it offers one powerful avenue for producing these exceptional experiences.

  4. Ei lita bok biter seg fast. Wanny Woldstads fangstmannsberetning

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    Marit Anne Hauan

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available A little book bites stuck. A trapper biography of Wanny Woldstad.Wanny Woldstad, who still is a well-known polar hero and made more and more famous the last decades through theater plays, songs and writings, wintered over at Svalbard as a trapper and hunter from 1932-37. She left her job as a taxi driver in Tromsø for a tiny little hut and a hunter’s life in Hornsund together with a man she just met. Nearly 20 years after returning to the civilization she wrote a book about her polar experience. Wintering as trappers and hunters seems to have also in a literary project and a lot of trappers have told them polar stories between book covers.Woldstad writes mainly about her first wintering. She is able to share that she in this first year was overwhelmed by her new surroundings; she was thrilled by the opportunity to hunt birds, foxes and polar bears. She describes enthusiastically nature and the hunting situations. Even everyday activities as making food, celebrating Christmas and writing diary are topics. In her book she gives credit to her partner as a teacher and mentor in the field of hunting and trapping. But through her writing she brings her own competence and capabilities in focus.  Her book gives a profound knowledge of a year in on hunting station on Svalbard. It is written as a true story – an autobiography although retrospective, but has its elements of fiction.

  5. Aging embodiment and the somatic work of getting into and out of a car.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gish, Jessica A; Vrkljan, Brenda

    2016-01-01

    This study examines the embodied realities and sensory experience of vehicle ingress and egress from the point of view of older drivers. In-depth interviews were conducted with 15 women and three men, aged 57-81, and followed by ride-a-longs whereby the researcher observed participants in interaction with their automobile. Using the perspective of phenomenological gerontology and the concept of somatic work (Vannini, Waskul, & Gottschalk, 2012), older drivers are conceptualized as simultaneously sensing and making sense of somatic experience evoked by aging embodiment and the bodily movements required of entry and exit into an automobile. It is argued that older drivers acquire a sensory auto-biography of incorporated bodily memory regarding vehicle morphology and texture in their past and current life, which informs embodied capacities of movement, awareness, and response relative to practical knowledge about what is attainable (or unattainable) for a sensuous older body. Through reflective and reflexive engagement with the sensory realm and material world, participants report structuring their lives through the haptics of touch, adoption of somatic rules, consumerist practices, as well as, specialized bodily movements and footwork sequences to ensure safety and comfort when using their automobile.

  6. Does History only Belong to you? Revision through Literature À qui appartient l’Histoire ? évision par la littérature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Camino Bueno Alastuey

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available L’histoire a été écrite par les classes dominantes, vantant les mérites des colons et les démérites des colonisés. Ces deux points ont contribué à l’effacement des minorités, et plus particulièrement des femmes issues des minorités. Leurs premières apparitions dans les récits littéraires sont dues à des récits de type ethnographique puis à la naissance de mythes les intégrant. Je souhaiterais aborder ces deux éléments dans mon article: par le biais de deux autobiographies rédigées par des chicanas lors de la conquête du sud-ouest des États-Unis, usant des mots des colons; puis par l’approche des écrits d’une chicana contemporaine qui questionne la narration des événements historiques liés à sa communauté et reprend la figure de La Malinche pour étayer sa démonstration.

  7. Republication of: Contributions to the theory of gravitational radiation fields. Exact solutions of the field equations of the general theory of relativity V

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kundt, Wolfgang; Trümper, Manfred

    2016-04-01

    This is an English translation of a paper by Wolfgang Kundt and Manfred Trümper, first published in 1962 in the proceedings of the Academy of Sciences and Literature in Mainz (Germany). The original paper was the last of a five-part series of articles containing the first summary of knowledge about exact solutions of Einstein's equations found until then. (All the other parts of the series have already been re-published as Golden Oldies.) This fifth contribution summarizes key points of the earlier papers and applies them, in particular results from papers II and IV in the series, in the context of the propagation of gravitational radiation when matter is present. The paper has been selected by the Editors of General Relativity and Gravitation for re-publication in the Golden Oldies series of the journal. This republication is accompanied by an editorial note written by Malcolm A.H. MacCallum and by a brief autobiography of Manfred Trümper.

  8. Measuring the Dash

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lynne S. Wilcox, MD, MPH

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available Individuals in the United States paradoxically long for and dread old age. The alternative to growing old is an outcome few of us would prefer. But aging seems inevitably associated with decline. Independent choices, a hallmark of adulthood, can be lost between one day and the next with a heart attack, a stroke, or a fractured hip. Senior citizen discounts notwithstanding, our culture does not offer a valued place for elders. It becomes easy to focus on what we will certainly lose rather than on any uncertain gains associated with aging. And yet, we have examples of thriving elders. Former President Jimmy Carter won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2002 at age 78. Dr Benjamin Mays, a president of Morehouse College and mentor to Martin Luther King, Jr, and Andrew Young, published his autobiography Born to Rebel at 76. Celia Cruz, the Cuban American singer called the “Queen of Salsa,” whose songs earned 22 gold records, continued performing and recording until her death at 78.

  9. Writing old age Julia Johnson Writing old age (Ed) The Centre for Policy on Ageing and The Open University 87 pp £10 1 90109 755 2 1901097552 [Formula: see text].

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-06-01

    This book is a set of quirky but interesting papers on how ageing is seen in fiction and other forms of creative writing. Each of the five papers has a distinct and perhaps narrow focus and because of this there may be little appeal to some readers. There is one paper on the poem about the old woman, which has been called Kate (also known as Crabbit Old Woman or Open Your Eyes). This traces the origins and impact of this poem and the poem written in response, sometimes known as The Nurse's Reply. There isa paper on fiction written about residential care and there is then a paper about images of ageing in 1920s fiction followed by one onthe novels of Stanley Middleton. The final paper, and the one I found most appealing, was an account of conversations between Jean-Paul Sartre and Simone de Beauvoir in 1974, and a later publication by de Beauvoir. This paper introduces the method of age autobiography. PMID:27315989

  10. 精神分析与意识形态的私人订制--帕索里尼在《俄狄浦斯王》中的自传式告解%Personal Tailoring for Psychoanalysis and Ideology---Autobiographical Confession of Pasolini in K ing Oedipus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卓雅

    2015-01-01

    帕索里尼拍摄的《俄狄浦斯王》是影史上唯一一部以索福克勒斯的悲剧为底本改编而成的电影。但导演却没有遵照古希腊悲剧的精神内核去如实展演,而是任性地改写为自传式的构架,拿来为自己的“弗洛伊德”奠基,并希望能在第三世界中继续自己的马克思主义信仰。于是《俄狄浦斯王》就成了帕索里尼私人订制的,向世人告解自己精神分析与意识形态的影片。%K ing Oedipus made by Pasolini is the only film adapted from the tragedy of Sophocles . Although the director did not show the spiritual core of the ancient Greek tragedy truthfully ,he re‐wrote it as a framework of autobiography willfully in order to found his own“Freud” ,in hope of con‐tinuing his Marxist belief in the third World .Therefore ,King Oedipus becomes a personal tailored film for Pasolini himself through which the director confesses his psychoanalysis and ideology to the world .

  11. A Fifty-Year Love Affair with Organic Chemistry (by William S. Johnson)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kauffman, Reviewed By George B.; Kauffman, Laurie M.

    1999-12-01

    This latest volume is the 20th in Jeff Seeman's projected 22-volume series of autobiographies of 20th-century organic chemists that began publication in 1990 (Kauffman, G. B. J. Chem. Educ. 1991, 68, A21). Unfortunately, Johnson did not live to see this volume in print. Ted Bartlett and Ray Conrow reviewed the final manuscript, galleys, and page proofs; and Ted Bartlett, Paul Bartlett, John D. Roberts, and Gilbert Stork contributed an epilogue that complements Johnson's own words, adds a warm, personal final touch that he was unable to provide, and incorporates his final research into the volume. Born in New Rochelle, New York, on February 24, 1913, William Summer Johnson attended Amherst College with the aid of a scholarship and various odd jobs such as tending furnace, washing dishes, and playing saxophone in dance bands (he seriously considered becoming a professional musician). Here he became enamored with organic chemistry, which he taught as an instructor for a year after his graduation magna cum laude in 1936. He then worked with a fellowship under Louis Fieser, who sparked his interest in steroids, at Harvard University, from which he received his M.A. (1938) and Ph.D. (1940) degrees. In 1940 Johnson joined the faculty at the University of Wisconsin, where he rose through the ranks, eventually becoming Homer Adkins Professor of Chemistry (1954-60). He began the total synthesis of steroids, the main subject of his life's work, "which soon proved to be the hottest synthetic target of the time". In 1960 he accepted an invitation to become head of and to upgrade the Stanford University Chemistry Department. With faculty recruiting as his primary concern, he was able to add Carl Djerassi, Paul J. Flory, Harden M. McConnell, Henry Taube, and Eugene E. van Tamelen to the department, resulting in its spectacular rise from 15th to 5th place in the nation. He remained at Stanford for the rest of his career, serving as department head for nine years. He died at the

  12. L’AUTOBIOGRAFIA LINGUISTICA NELL’INSEGNAMENTO-APPRENDIMENTO DELL’ITALIANO L2/LS

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    Andrea Groppaldi

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available L'autobiografia linguistica è una attività particolarmente utile nell'insegnamento-apprendimento di una lingua straniera. L'apprendente immigrato è invitato a narrare in prima persona le esperienze linguistico-comunicative nella propria L1, nella L2 /LS che sta apprendendo e/o nella lingua seconda che ha acquisito come lingua di comunicazione e di studio nel suo paese di origine, le relazioni umane ed emotive che accompagnano  o hanno accompagnato queste esperienze, le situazioni che ne hanno favorito o ostacolato l'apprendimento. Con l'autobiografia linguistica l'apprendente straniero costruisce, attraverso la scrittura e quindi attraverso un processo di esplicitazione e di riflessione consapevole,  un ponte tra "là" e "qui", tra paese d'origine e il paese di arrivo, tra la vita "prima" e la vita "dopo" lo strappo della migrazione. Ricompone e dà senso alla propria storia, nelle due lingue, esprime affetti ed emozioni, rinomina il mondo e se ne riappropria ricostruendo insieme la propria identità, esplora se stesso e si fa conoscere ai suoi pari e all'insegnante in un rapporto di condivisione e di comprensione reciproca: si crea un contesto non di integrazione, ma di inclusione. A sua volta il docente può meglio comprendere le strategie di apprendimento dell'apprendente, la sua personalità, le sue difficoltà e progettare strategie didattiche più efficaci, perché più individuali e orientate al successo nella comunicazione e nell'apprendimento.   Linguistic autobiography is especially useful in the teaching and learning of a foreign language. The foreign learner is asked to narrate, in the first person, his/her linguistic-communicative experiences in their L1 and in the L2/FL which they are learning and/or in the second language they have acquired for communication or study in their home country, focusing on the emotional and human relationships which accompanied this experience and the situations which encouraged or blocked the

  13. L’Empire ottoman à travers la biographie picaresque d’Eliya Karmona Ottoman empire through picaresque biography of Eliya Karmona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie-Christine Varol

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available L’autobiographie romancée d’Eliya Karmona publiée en 1926, Comment naquit Eliya Karmona comment il grandit et comment il devint directeur du Djugetón projette un regard critique sur les tribulations d’un jeune homme juif dans les dernières années du sultanat, entre 1884 et 1908.Sur le mode sarcastique, maniant l’auto-ironie, il construit sur ses déboires un roman picaresque qui sacrifie à la loi du genre, mais qui s’apparente par d’autres aspects aux genres cultivés par les Judéo-Espagnols : le récit de voyage, le récit exemplaire, le traité sur les us et coutumes, les mémoires romancées, les proverbes. On y trouve aussi des éléments très ottomans comme le journal personnel, tenant compte des menus faits, des dépenses et des rentrées, dont P. Dumont et F. Georgeon (1985 ont montré qu’il s’agissait d’une habitude ottomane bien utile comme source d’information historique. L’auteur se livre dans cette œuvre à une critique acerbe et comique des pesanteurs du système ottoman, qui font obstacle à toute initiative, mais il critique aussi les raideurs communautaires qui pèsent comme un carcan sur l’initiative personnelle, l’inadaptation des structures et, partant, l’inefficacité des stratégies mises en place pour survivre par les individus. Cependant, son œuvre révèle en creux une certaine nostalgie pour le monde disparu. On perçoit l’admiration du héros et son attachement à certaines valeurs de ce monde ancien, et l’on ne peut s’empêcher de lui donner raison lorsqu’on mesure ce que les communautés juives ont perdu avec la disparition de l’Empire ottoman.The fictionalized autobiography of Eliya Karmona How Eliya Karmona was born, how he grew up and how he became the director of Djugetón casts a critical eye on the tribulations of a young Jewish man in the last years of sultanate from 1884 to 1908. In sarcastic mode, with self-irony, he builds on his disappointments a

  14. Les écrivains issus de l’immigration face à la guerre d’Algérie : quelle mémoire pour quelles victimes ?

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    Crystel Pinçonnat

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Quelle sont les traces laissées par la guerre d’Algérie dans les textes produits par les écrivains issus de l’immigration ? Telle est la question principale que pose cet article. Cependant, loin de se contenter de répertorier les différents modes d’inscription de la guerre dans des œuvres aux statuts variés – du récit-témoignage à la fiction, en passant par l’autobiographie –, cet article analyse d’une part la façon dont l’écrivain remodèle le passé communautaire ou familial et, du même coup, forge une mémoire et la transmet à ses lecteurs. D’autre part, il questionne également la visée de ces mises en récit qui, tantôt, optent pour le quasi-effacement de la violence, tantôt au contraire, tentent d’écrire des événements demeurés longtemps enfouis, comme refoulés de la mémoire française.¿Qué huellas ha dejado la guerra de Argelia en los textos de los escritores procedentes de la immigration? Tal es la pregunta que plantea este artículo. Sin embargo, no se limita a catalogar los modos de inscripción de la guerra en obras con características formales diferentes – desde el relato testimonial hasta la ficción, pasando por la autobiografía – sino que por una parte analiza cómo el escritor recompone el pasado comunitario o familiar y, al mismo tiempo, crea una memoria y la transmite a los lectores. Por otra parte, estudia también el objetivo de estos relatos, que a veces optan por una desaparición prácticamente total de la violencia, y otras veces, intentan describir acontecimientos que han permanecido ocultados durante mucho tiempo, como si hubieran sido expulsados de la memoria francesa.What are the traces left by the war of Algeria in narratives written by second-generation immigrant authors? Such is the main question raised by this article. However, far from only listing the different modes of inscription of the war in works of various statutes (story-testimony, fiction, and

  15. El relat de formació política. Pedagogia de la memòria, bioficció i ètica del testimoni

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    Fernando Bárcena Orbe

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Este ensayo explora la literatura generada por los supervivientes de los campos de concentración como una modalidad negativa de Bildungsroman, donde lo que se narra es un verdadero viaje de deformación y la experiencia de una desubjetivación. Lo que este género, a medias entre la autobiografía y el ensayo, pone de relieve es una crisis radical de la idea de formación así como de la experiencia política. Como lectores, al acoger la palabra rota del testigo y enfrentarnos a esa écriture du désastre (Blanchot, establecemos un pacto (ético testimonial en virtud del cual acompañamos esa palabra para encontrarle un lugar en el mundo y abrirnos, entonces, a la experiencia de un verdadero acontecimiento de sentido. ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Cet essai explore la littérature dont les survivants des camps de concentration sont à l’origine comme une modalité du Bildungsroman, dans lequel ce qui est conté est un véritable voyage de déformation ainsi que l’expérience d’une désubjectivation. Ce que ce genre, à mi-chemin entre l’autobiographie et l’essai, met en évidence est une crise radicale de l’idée de formation ainsi que de l’expérience politique. En tant que lecteurs, lorsque nous recevons la parole brisée du témoin et que nous nous affrontons à cette écriture du désastre (Blanchot, nous mettons en place un pacte (éthique du témoignage en vertu duquel nous accompagnons cette parole pour lui trouver un lieu dans le monde et nous ouvrir alors à l’expérience d’un véritable fait de sens.This article explores the literature written by survivors of the concentration camps as a negative form of the Bildungsroman, in which what is narrated is a journey of de-formation and a passage of de-subjectification. What ¡ this genre

  16. O sentido das instituições escolares na profissão docente desde a perspectiva biográfica Lo sentido de las instituiciones escolares en la prefesión docente a partir de la perscpectiva biográfica The meaning of the school' institutions in the teaching profession based on biographical perspective

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    Rosa María Torres Hernandez

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available O artigo analisa, a partir das autobiografias, os significados que mobilizam os docentes de educação básica em seu encontro com as instituições escolares. Aborda como nestas instituições se estabelecem referências identificadoras substantivas para a profissão docente, para isso se interpretam as narrações autobiográficas levando em conta: 1 as constantes na "variação da velocidade" no discurso, 2 os trajetos, 3 as tensões e contradições. O estudo das autobiografias mostra que a experiência na instituição de educação primária é substantiva para a profissão docente. O normal é o lugar da identidade profissional, mas em articulação com a experiência acumulada na escola primária, não somente pelos vínculos e sim, além disso, graças às trajetórias e as contradições sustentadas no estabelecimento escolar.El artículo analiza, a partir de las autobiografías, los significados que movilizan los docentes de educación básica en su encuentro con las instituciones escolares. Aborda cómo en éstas instituciones se establecen referencias identificadoras sustantivas para la profesión docente, para ello se interpretan las narración autobiográfica tomando en cuenta: 1 las constantes en la "variación de la velocidad" en el discurso, 2 los trayectos, 3 las tensiones y contradicciones. El estudio de las autobiografías muestra que la experiencia en la institución de educación primaria es sustantiva para la profesión docente. La normal es el lugar de identidad profesional pero en articulación con la experiencia atesorada en la escuela primaria, no sólo por los vínculos sino, por lo demás, gracias a las trayectorias y las contradicciones sostenidas en el establecimiento escolar.The article discusses, on an autobiography basis, the meanings, which activate basic education teachers, in their encounters with educational institutions. It addresses how these institutions are established in identifying substantive

  17. Autobiografia, identitat i educació

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    Isabel Vilafranca i Manguán

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Después de presentar la construcción de la identidad personal a modo de un proceso resultante de una tensión dialéctica entre el olvido y el recuerdo, entre la tradición y la innovación, la autora analiza las literaturas del yo ofreciendo una clasificación tipológica: autobiografía, memoria de vida, novela personal, diario íntimo, epistolario y autorretrato o ensayo. Finalmente, se insiste en la importancia de la construcción de uno mismo a través del relato destacándose la relevancia de la experiencia en el proceso educativo a través del cual uno da forma a su propia identidad personal. ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Après avoir présenté la construction de l’identité personnelle obtenue au prix d’un processus résultant d’une tension dialectique entre l’oubli et le souvenir, entre la tradition et l’innovation, l’auteur analyse les littératures du moi en proposant une classification typologique : autobiographie, mémoire de vie, roman personnel, journal intime, recueil de lettres et autoportrait ou essai. Finalement, elle insiste sur l’importance de la construction de soi au travers du récit, en portant tout particulièrement son attention sur le rôle de l’expérience dans le processus éducatif au travers duquel chacun donne forme à sa propre identité personnelle.This article presents the idea that personal identity constructs result from the process in which memory and forgetting - tradition and innovation - are in dialectic tension. The author then analyses the literature of self, proposing the following typology: autobiography, memoirs, personal novel, intimate diary, letters and self-profiles or the essay. Finally, emphasis is placed on the importance of the construction of self through story telling, highlighting the relevance of experiences

  18. Belief and Disbelief in the Space Between, 1914-1945

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    Jean-Christophe MURAT

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Cet article s’intéresse au cheminement politique et spirituel de Douglas Hyde (1911-1996, du méthodisme au catholicisme en passant par le communisme, cheminement qui fait l’objet de son autobiographie, I Believed, publiée en 1950. Membre important du Parti communiste britannique entre 1928 et 1948, Hyde occupe une position dans l’histoire du communisme qui est à la fois typique et atypique. Son adhésion au Parti en 1928 représente une forme de « conversion » partagée par nombre de ses contemporains. Dans son propre cas, une telle démarche impliquait d’abord un rejet des valeurs non-conformistes de son milieu de naissance, à l’origine de sa décision initiale de devenir prêcheur. Malgré son implication active dans toutes les campagnes officielles, Hyde s’est cependant trouvé en décalage grandissant avec la ligne officielle du Parti. L’annonce de sa démission en 1948, consécutive à sa conversion au catholicisme, lui valut naturellement la haine de ses anciens camarades. Le triomphalisme quelque peu irritant des derniers chapitres de I Believed peut être interprété comme l’enthousiasme d’un converti tout à la joie de sa Révélation, mais aussi comme le signe que l’entreprise autobiographique de l’auteur n’était rien d’autre qu’un règlement de comptes avec le communisme.This article explores the political and spiritual journey of Douglas Hyde (1911-1996, from Methodism through communism to Roman Catholicism, as described in I Believed, his autobiography published in 1950. Hyde, a prominent member of the British Communist Party (CPGB from 1928 to 1948, occupies a position in the history of twentieth-century communism that is at once typical and unusual. His becoming a member of the Communist Party in 1928 represented a form of “going-over” shared by many young men and women of his generation. In his particular case, this meant turning his back on the middle-class nonconformist milieu he had

  19. La peregrinación autobiográfica de Anastasio-Jerónimo (Gracián de la Madre de Dios

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    Manero Sorolla, M. Pilar

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available The expulsion in 1592 of the First Provincial of the Discalced Carmelite Order, Jerónimo Gracián de la Madre de Dios (1545-1614, induced him to undertake a pilgrinage to Rome determined to seek the justicie that the new Provincial, Nicolás de Jesús María (Doria and King Philip II had denied him in Spain. The article, beginning with this specific and important event in the course of the Carmelite life and of the Order itself, gives a detailed account of their circumstances and explains Gracian's previous and future peregrination based mainly on his dialogistic autobiography and capital work. La peregrinación de Anastasio: an apology of his innocence and example of his literary value.La expulsión en 1592 del primer provincial del Carmen descalzo, Jerónimo Gracián de la Madre de Dios (1545-1614, condujo a éste a peregrinar a Roma en busca de la justicia que le negaban en España el nuevo provincial, Nicolás de Jesús María (Doria y el rey Felipe II. El artículo, partiendo de este acontecimiento determinante en el rumbo de la existencia del carmelita y de la orden, puntualiza las circunstancias del mismo y selecciona anteriores y sobre todo posteriores peregrinaciones de su existencia, basándose especialmente en su autobiografía dialogada y escrito más importante: La peregrinación de Anastasio, verdadera apología de su inocencia y ejemplo de su valía literaria.

  20. Scritture patografiche a confronto: la nascita di un nuovo genere?

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    Mariarosa Loddo

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Alla malattia la letteratura si è sempre interessata, tanto da farne un vero e proprio topos. Tuttavia, mai come nel corso del Novecento l'esperienza del patologico sembra aver creato un connubio così stretto con l'autobiografia. Raccontare la propria vita o riscriverla alla luce della malattia è diventata una pratica letteraria – e non solo – largamente diffusa, tanto da essere identificata con un neologismo creato appositamente per definirla, ovvero «patografia». Cercheremo pertanto di individuare le origini, le influenze e i tratti distintivi di questa categoria testuale, che si ipotizza costituire un nuovo genere. Il confronto tra le opere di Annie Ernaux, Christa Wolf e  Hervé Guibert permetterà infine di rilevare i contributi originali e quelli ampiamente condivisi nella concettualizzazione e nella narrazione di ciò che significa essere malati. Illness has always been easy to find in literature and indeed it has become a real topos. However, it is only in the XXth century that the illness experience has become an essential part of autobiography. Writing his own life or rewriting it after facing the disease is assumed to be nowadays a – not only -  literary practice which has reached a great popularity; this is also proved by the neologism «pathography», that was coined to identify this kind of texts. Hence, we may be talking about a new genre, whose origins, influences and peculiar features will be tracked down in this paper. Finally, a comparison between the works of Annie Ernaux, Christa Wolf and Hervé Guibert will allow us to discern the original perspectives from those largely shared in the narration and conceptualization of the illness experience.

  1. Biological control of toxigenic citrus and papaya-rotting fungi by Streptomyces violascens MT7 and its extracellular metabolites.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choudhary, Bharti; Nagpure, Anand; Gupta, Rajinder K

    2015-12-01

    An Indian indigenous, Loktak Lake soil isolate Streptomyces violascens MT7 was assessed for its biocontrol potential both in vitro and in vivo against toxigenic fruit-rotting fungi. Strain MT7 exhibited broad-spectrum antifungal activity against various pathogenic postharvest fungi of citrus and papaya. In shake-flask fermentation, antagonist S. violascens MT7 highly produced extracellular antifungal metabolites in early stationary growth phase in glucose-yeast extract-malt extract (M93) broth. Both extracellular culture fluid (ECF) and its n-butanol extract showed significant broad-spectrum fungal mycelial inhibition of several tested fruit-rotting fungi. Antifungal metabolite was found to be heat stable, nonpeptidic, and polyene type antibiotic. The lowest minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of n-butanol extract against Colletotrichum gloeosporioides MTCC 9664 and Aspergillus niger MTCC 281 was 0.0312 and 0.0625 mg/ml, respectively. Purification of n-butanol extract through silica gel chromatography resulted in partial purification of bioactive metabolite and the TLC autobiography revealed the presence of single antifungal metabolite with Rf value of 0.755. In vivo bioassays demonstrated the biocontrol potential of tested biocontrol agents on fruit-rotting fungi. Use of cell suspension of S. violascens MT7, extracellular metabolite(s), and n-butanol extract significantly (p Citrus reticulata Blanco (oranges) and soft-rot development on papaya fruits. Therefore, these results strongly suggest a high potential for application of S. violascens MT7 and its extracellular metabolites as an effective eco-friendly alternative to synthetic fungicides for controlling toxigenic citrus and papaya-rotting fungi. PMID:26214840

  2. Arrogation and Construction:Loosening Structure of Text and the Tension of Narrative—Multidimensional Interpretation of Tales of Hulan River%僭越与建构:文本散化与张力叙事——《呼兰河传》多维解读

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毛伟东

    2016-01-01

    Xiao Hong deconstructed the plot view oftraditional novel,disorganized the logos centralism in the west,and constructed the narrative tension of the novel,thus achieving the transformation of narrative mod-el. Her autobiography novel 〞Tales of Hulan River〞 was filled with loosening structure and language,as well as the continuous word repetition and distance narrating,which created the alienation effect of different fields. Mo-reover,with the primitiveness and purity of narration,the unique view of children resulted in the unreliability of narration. This narrative unreliability was precisely implied by the intervention of the author,making the dis-placement of text narrative between the adult and the child into specifications,and also making the novel tex-tarrogatethe contemporary literature text.%萧红解构了传统小说的情节观,瓦解了西方逻各斯中心主义,建构了小说文本的叙事张力,实现了叙事转型.其自传体《呼兰河传》,以散化的结构与语言,通过不断的重复话语与距离叙事,产生了不同场域的间离效果.此外,独特的儿童视角伴随着叙事的原始与纯粹,却造成了叙事的不可靠性.这种不可靠性则恰恰是通过隐含作者的干预,使得文本叙事在成人与儿童之间的流离得以规约,并使其文本完成了对于同时代文学的僭越.

  3. Amazingly resilient Indigenous people! Using transformative learning to facilitate positive student engagement with sensitive material.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackson, Debra; Power, Tamara; Sherwood, Juanita; Geia, Lynore

    2013-12-01

    If health professionals are to effectively contribute to improving the health of Indigenous people, understanding of the historical, political, and social disadvantage that has lead to health disparity is essential. This paper describes a teaching and learning experience in which four Australian Indigenous academics in collaboration with a non-Indigenous colleague delivered an intensive workshop for masters level post-graduate students. Drawing upon the paedagogy of Transformative Learning, the objectives of the day included facilitating students to explore their existing understandings of Indigenous people, the impact of ongoing colonisation, the diversity of Australia's Indigenous people, and developing respect for alternative worldviews. Drawing on a range of resources including personal stories, autobiography, film and interactive sessions, students were challenged intellectually and emotionally by the content. Students experienced the workshop as a significant educational event, and described feeling transformed by the content, better informed, more appreciative of other worldviews and Indigenous resilience and better equipped to contribute in a more meaningful way to improving the quality of health care for Indigenous people. Where this workshop differs from other Indigenous classes was in the involvement of an Indigenous teaching team. Rather than a lone academic who can often feel vulnerable teaching a large cohort of non-Indigenous students, an Indigenous teaching team reinforced Indigenous authority and created an emotionally and culturally safe space within which students were allowed to confront and explore difficult truths. Findings support the value of multiple teaching strategies underpinned by the theory of transformational learning, and the potential benefits of facilitating emotional as well as intellectual student engagement when presenting sensitive material.

  4. The history of cerebral PET scanning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Portnow, Leah H.; Vaillancourt, David E.; Okun, Michael S.

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To review the discoveries underpinning the introduction of cerebral PET scanning and highlight its modern applications. Background: Important discoveries in neurophysiology, brain metabolism, and radiotracer development in the post–World War II period provided the necessary infrastructure for the first cerebral PET scan. Methods: A complete review of the literature was undertaken to search for primary and secondary sources on the history of PET imaging. Searches were performed in PubMed, Google Scholar, and select individual journal Web sites. Written autobiographies were obtained through the Society for Neuroscience Web site at www.sfn.org. A reference book on the history of radiology, Naked to the Bone, was reviewed to corroborate facts and to locate references. The references listed in all the articles and books obtained were reviewed. Results: The neurophysiologic sciences required to build cerebral PET imaging date back to 1878. The last 60 years have produced an evolution of technological advancements in brain metabolism and radiotracer development. These advancements facilitated the development of modern cerebral PET imaging. Several key scientists were involved in critical discoveries and among them were Angelo Mosso, Charles Roy, Charles Sherrington, John Fulton, Seymour Kety, Louis Sokoloff, David E. Kuhl, Gordon L. Brownell, Michael Ter-Pogossian, Michael Phelps, and Edward Hoffman. Conclusions: Neurophysiology, metabolism, and radiotracer development in the postwar era synergized the development of the technology necessary for cerebral PET scanning. Continued use of PET in clinical trials and current developments in PET-CT/MRI hybrids has led to advancement in diagnosis, management, and treatment of neurologic disorders. PMID:23460618

  5. De l’anthropologie appliquée à l’anthropologue impliqué From an Applied Anthropology to an Implicated Anthropologist

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    Mike Singleton

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Se sentant piégés par la dichotomie classique (et donc ethnocentrique séparant théorie et pratique, des anthropologues contemporains se sont précipités en aval en cherchant à la fois à personnaliser leur discipline (« pas d’anthropologie sans autobiographie » et à la rendre plus pertinente à notre avenir commun (d’où une anthropologie appliquée. Mais en un amont onto-épistémologique, là où se retrouvent certains philosophes modernes avec leurs idées relatives au réel comme relationnel (Marion, à la rencontre et à la reconnaissance (Ricoeur ou au moi altéré (Levinas, il se peut que l’anthropologue, qu’il le veuille ou non, soit impliqué d’emblée et d’office.Feeling trapped by the classical and consequently ethnocentric dichotomy between theory and practice, contemporary anthropologists have hurried downstream seeking at once to personalize their discipline (“no anthropology without autobiography” and render it more relevant to our common future (hence an “applied anthropology”. But upstream, onto-epistemologically, there where several modern philosophers find themselves with such notions as the real being relational (Marion, encounter and recognition (Ricoeur or the self as replying to the Other (Levinas, it could be that whether he or she wills it or not, an anthropologist is implicated from the outset.

  6. A Critical Review of Animal Ethics in Western Childrenˊs Literature%西方儿童文学的动物伦理观述评

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尤呈呈

    2015-01-01

    Overviewing the western childrenˊs literature,the development of animal stories cannot be independent from the evolving childrenˊs literature genres,such as fable,fairy tale,animal autobiography,realist wild animal stories, animal fantasy and picturebook. The so - called child/ animal bond further accounts for the legitimacy of animal stories. Based on these two inherent traits,this essay works to review the animal ethics as reflected from the rhetorical use of an-thropomorphism in the childrenˊs literature in light of contemporary emergent theoretical discourses.%纵观西方儿童文学史,动物文学的发展与不断演变的儿童文学体裁休戚相关。除了寓言和童话,动物自传、动物写实小说、动物幻想故事和绘本等文类共同展演出独具西方特色与魅力的生态智慧和伦理态度。鉴于少年儿童的精神生命具有对动物天然的亲和力一说,动物文学又与富有争议的儿童/动物关系相互渗透,彰显西方儿童文学的精彩和趣味。随着当代前沿的理论发展,拟人主义作为一种独特修辞格,成为探讨儿童/动物关系和审视动物伦理观的主要途径。

  7. Connecting the Pioneers, Current Leaders and the Nature and History of Space Weather with K-12 Classrooms and the General Public

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ng, C.; Thompson, B. J.; Cline, T.; Lewis, E.; Barbier, B.; Odenwald, S.; Spadaccini, J.; James, N.; Stephenson, B.; Davis, H. B.; Major, E. R.; Space Weather Living History

    2011-12-01

    The Space Weather Living History program will explore and share the breakthrough new science and captivating stories of space environments and space weather by interviewing space physics pioneers and leaders active from the International Geophysical Year (IGY) to the present. Our multi-mission project will capture, document and preserve the living history of space weather utilizing original historical materials (primary sources). The resulting products will allow us to tell the stories of those involved in interactive new media to address important STEM needs, inspire the next generation of explorers, and feature women as role models. The project is divided into several stages, and the first stage, which began in mid-2011, focuses on resource gathering. The goal is to capture not just anecdotes, but the careful analogies and insights of researchers and historians associated with the programs and events. The Space Weather Living History Program has a Scientific Advisory Board, and with the Board's input our team will determine the chronology, key researchers, events, missions and discoveries for interviews. Education activities will be designed to utilize autobiographies, newspapers, interviews, research reports, journal articles, conference proceedings, dissertations, websites, diaries, letters, and artworks. With the help of a multimedia firm, we will use some of these materials to develop an interactive timeline on the web, and as a downloadable application in a kiosk and on tablet computers. In summary, our project augments the existing historical records with education technologies, connect the pioneers, current leaders and the nature and history of space weather with K-12 classrooms and the general public, covering all areas of studies in Heliophysics. The project is supported by NASA award NNX11AJ61G.

  8. Sandra Cisneros’s The House on Mango Street: (Collective Memory Resonating from “the Barrio”

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    Jelena Nikodinoska

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available  “The people I wrote about were real, for the most part, from here and there, now and then, but sometimes three real people would be braided together into one made-up person… I cut apart and stitched together events to tailor the story, gave it shape so it had a beginning, middle, and end, because real life stories rarely come to us complete. Emotions, though, can’t be invented, can’t be borrowed. All the emotions my characters feel, good or bad are mine.” (xxiii Although Sandra Cisneros draws on autobiographical elements in The House on Mango Street (1984, her novella does not stand for an autobiography, but it rather represents a collage of events, characters, and places that independently from one another constitute vignettes. These vignettes are not necessarily chronologically related, yet they make up a whole of voices, stories, colors, and movements that once reverberated along Mango Street. Through her (Cisneros’s stories, Esperanza Cordero’s stories, and Esperanza’s neighbors’ stories, Cisneros conveys the Southwestern Latino experience of the big city and the streets, of the barrios that is. Taking my cue from Cisneros’s “The House on Mango Street,” I will try to examine how personal experiences become memories and those memories transcend into stories. Is what comes from experience and memory that makes writing strong, powerful, persuasive, and to a certain extent relatable? Have Cisneros’s memories, reflected in Esperanza’s living experience and language contributed to the Latino’s collective memory of the life in the barrios coupled with racism, poverty and shame? On that note, I shall see how Maurice Halbwachs’s concept of collective memory applies to Cisneros’ story and the Latino experience, where Latinos’ memory is dependent upon the life in the barrio within which the majority were/are situated.

  9. Le fractionnement et la continuité du moi dans l’écriture oulipienne

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    Olga Amarie

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Le texte autobiographique potentiel se rattache curieusement à des configurations du fragment. L’écrivain oulipien écrit par fragments. Les fragments sont alors un petit univers en miettes. L’écriture fragmentaire remonte au moment de l’entrée dans la bibliothèque. Je me souviens, Les amnésiques n’ont rien vécu d’inoubliable, Autobiographie, chapitre dix, Pas un jour sont fait de fragments ; ce choix est alors justifié à la manière oulipienne de la liste, de l’inventaire. La cohérence déforme, l’incohérence est totalisante, potentielle. Ce morcellement du moi exprime l’ambiguïté de l’écriture, la canalisation de l’être dans le livre. Seul le travail est là, comme un être universel. En réponse à cette impasse, l’autobiographe oulipien confie la charge de reconstituer son être émietté à l’autre, au lecteur. L’autre alors dévolue la tâche de faire le portrait de l’écrivain à partir des fragments multiples laissés par l’écriture, de faire un texte cohérent de ce récit abandonné à l’image et au son. Plusieurs ressemblances fondamentales se dégagent pourtant de l’écriture potentielle autobiographique : l’importance et la complexité des rapports entre le langage, l’image, et le son, la fragmentation et la cohérence du vécu, le rangement du moi dans le souvenir et la pensée, le lyrisme et la force de l’inachèvement de l’écriture potentielle.

  10. 菲茨杰拉德长篇小说中的多重主题--以《夜色温柔》为例%The Multiple Themes in Fitzgerald’ s Novels---The Case of Tender Is the Night

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭佳

    2014-01-01

    菲茨杰拉德留给后世的五部长篇小说,均取材于他所生活的年代,生动地展示了20世纪初期美国的生活。《夜色温柔》的独特之处在于它是一部具有自传性质的文学作品,作家将自己的亲身经历融进了小说内容,所以能更真实、更贴切地表达出那个时代的文学主题:悲剧命运、“美国梦”的破灭、现代主义特征、女性主义以及消费异化等。阅读菲氏的长篇小说,仿佛能被书中的文字带回到那个让人纸醉金迷的“爵士时代”。%The legacy of Fitzgerald ’ s five long novels is drawn from the time of his life and vividly shows life in the United States in the early 20th century.The unique of Tender Is the Night is that it is a literary works with characteristic of autobiography and the writer integrates his own experience into the novel .Thus Tender Is the Night could express the literary theme of that era more veritably and more relevantly:the tragic fate, the bursting of the American Dream, modernistic features, feminism, and con-sumption alienation etc .It seems that reading Fitzgerald ’ s novel could bring us back to the luxurious and dissipative Jazz Age .

  11. How the 1906 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was shared between Golgi and Cajal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grant, Gunnar

    2007-10-01

    In 1906 the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was shared between Camillo Golgi and Ramón y Cajal in recognition of their work on the structure of the nervous system. Golgi's most impressive contribution was his method, described in 1873. This was applied in studies of the cerebellum, the olfactory bulb, hippocampus and the spinal cord. These studies together with his earlier work were included in his Opera Omnia, published in 1903. His method was highly praised by Cajal. His adherence to the reticular theory was opposed by Cajal, however, who had spelled out the neuron theory already in the late 1800s. Cajal's extraordinary contributions to the structure of the nervous system, based largely on the Golgi method and Ehrlich's methylene blue stain, were published in his Textura del Sistema Nerviosa de Hombre y de los Vertebrados, three volumes published from 1897 to 1904. Documents from the Nobel Archives reveal that Kölliker, Retzius and Fürst were the ones who proposed Golgi and Cajal for a shared prize. Golgi was nominated by Hertwig, as well. Cajal was proposed by Ziehen and Holmgren, and also by Retzius, as an alternative to a shared prize. Holmgren, who was commissioned to write the report to the Nobel Committee, found Cajal far superior to Golgi. Sundberg, asked for another evaluation, was more positive to Golgi's contributions than Holmgren. Gadelius supported Holmgren's views. The final vote gave a majority for a shared prize. The prize ceremony and the lectures were described in detail in Cajal's autobiography.

  12. Musical identity of patients with multiple sclerosis Identidade musical em pacientes com esclerose múltipla

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    Shirlene Vianna Moreira

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Musical autobiographies consist of a powerful therapeutic tool by which individuals define themselves. The use of this technique may help (reconstruction personal identities and improve quality of life of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS. Eight adult patients on treatment at CIEM Multiple Sclerosis Investigation Center after selecting 10 to 15 pieces of music most significant in their lives were interviewed. The data collected were classified according to Even Rudd categories, which reveal how a person expresses his personal, social, temporal and transpersonal identities. We observed that recall of musical history makes MS patients get better perception both of their feelings and body awareness, as well as provide them with an alternative way to express themselves, activate and contextualize affective memories, and achieving a sense of life continuity in spite of the disease.Autobiografias musicais constituem um recurso terapêutico pelo qual indivíduos definem a si mesmos, auxiliando a (reconstrução da identidade e contribuindo para a melhora da qualidade de vida de portadores de esclerose múltipla (EM. Oito pacientes adultos sob acompanhamento no Centro de Investigação em esclerose múltipla (CIEM da UFMG, selecionaram entre 10 e 15 músicas significativas em sua vida, a respeito das quais discorreram em entrevista aberta. Os dados foram analisados qualitativamente segundo categorias criadas por Even Rudd, que visam revelar como o indivíduo expressa suas identidades pessoal, social, temporal e transpessoal. Submetidos a tratamento quantitativo, os dados demonstraram que, através da sua história musical, os pacientes aumentaram a percepção dos sentimentos e sensações corporais, expressaram-se de maneiras alternativas e ativaram memórias afetivas, contextualizando-as e adquirindo um senso de continuidade da vida.

  13. Variable Stars and Constant Commitments: The Stellar Career of Dorrit Hoffleit

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larsen, Kristine

    2011-05-01

    Astronomer, educator, and science historian Dorrit Hoffleit (1907-2007) was widely respected by the amateur and professional astronomical community as a mentor and an ardent supporter of independent research. Her more than 600 catalogues, books, articles, book reviews, and news columns cover myriad aspects of astronomy, from variable stars and stellar properties to meteor showers, quasars, and rocketry. She also made important contributions to the history of astronomy. Hoffleit worked at the Harvard College Observatory from 1927-1956, where she discovered over 1200 variable stars. When Director Harlow Shapley retired from Harvard, Hoffleit gave up her tenured position and moved to Yale University, where she was placed in charge of the Yale Catalog of Bright Stars. At the same time, she was offered a position as director of the Maria Mitchell Observatory on Nantucket Island in Massachusetts. Hoffleit split her dual positions into six-month stints and remained director at the Mitchell Observatory for 21 years, developing a summer research program that engaged more than 100 undergraduate students (all but three of them women) in variable star research. Up until shortly before her death, she continued to work tirelessly on selected projects, and she was in high demand as a collaborator with colleagues at Yale and elsewhere. She was especially devoted to the American Association of Variable Star Observers (AAVSO) in part because it brought together amateur and professional astronomers in collaboration. She served on the organization's council for 23 years and as its president from 1961-1963. In 2002, the AAVS0 published her autobiography, Misfortunes as Blessings in Disguise, in which Hoffleit explains how she always felt blessed by the opportunities in her life, even those which initially seemed misfortunes, and above all else valued creativity, flexibility, collegiality, and intellectual freedom in her professional life.

  14. Ränne ja autobiograafia. Rändest ja väljarändaja kohanemisest Argentinas 1920. ja 1930. aastatel

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    Aivar Jürgenson

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Approximately 16,000 people left Estonia during 1924–1938. Among the new destinations, the most important ones were South American countries, especially Argentina and Brazil. At the time, Argentina was an attractive destination for immigrants. In the first half of the 20th century, Argentina surpassed the majority of European countries with regard to the income per capita, health care and education. The first larger group of Estonians (30–50 people arrived in Argentina in 1924. In each following year, the number of Estonian immigrants fluctuated between 40 and 60, so that by 1930, about 300–350 Estonians lived in Argentina, mostly in the capitalBuenos Aires.The current article examines, on one hand, the relationship between (externalenvironmental conditions of migration and (internal personal migration related decisions. On the other hand, the micro level of migration is analysed through a biographical narrative, particularly focusing on the impact of personal migration and the adaptation story on the retrospective autobiography. The micro level of migration is observed mainly on the basis of an autobiographical novel by Raimund Põdder. His earlier written travelogue, and the letters and surveys of other Estonian settlers in Argentinaoffer opportunities for substantial comparisons. Text examples from the writings of R. Põdder, presented in this article, are inclined to give evidence of a typical voluntary labour migrant: young, unmarried man, whose first phases of adaptation pass without obstacles. However, some background information allows the conclusion thatthe orientation phase of the adaptation was not without conflicting moments which could leave a nostalgic stamp on the retrospective analysis of his personal life.

  15. “There’s never any ending to Paris” Creating a Literary Myth: Geocritical Aspects of the Works of the Lost Generation

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    Krisztina Sárdi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This essay proposes to present and analyse the pictures or representations of Paris in Ernest Hemingway’s, Francis Scott Fitzgerald’s and Gertrude Stein’s different works. The theoretical framework of the piece is geocriticism by which the author attempts to discover how these works contributed to the literary construction of the French capital. The other objective of the essay is however to show the birth of a Parisian literary myth. After giving a brief overview of recent spatiality studies, the paper explains in-depth the geocritical method by the analysis of certain extracts of the different literary perceptions of Paris in the twenties, written by Francis Scott Fitzgerald (Babylon Revisited, Ernest Hemingway (A Moveable Feast and Gertrude Stein (Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas, Paris, France. The latter approach can help to shed some light on the reasons why these expatriates (American and British writers, artists came to Paris in the first place and what attracted them so much. Later on, the paper explains that the artists of the Lost Generation were disoriented and aimless after the war, so they headed to Paris to find some ‘old’ values and rebuild their lifes. These authors found there a new and very inspirational atmosphere, new friends, new goals, they started interesting publishing initiatives and searched for their proper literary voices. In the meantime, by representing the always exciting and crowded Parisian life, they created a literary myth of Paris which considers the city as safe haven for artists and writers – saying that Paris is a never resting “moveable feast”.

  16. 梅若底斯研究现状述评%Review of Current Research on George Meredith

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗昔明

    2012-01-01

    乔治·梅若底斯是一位长期被忽视的维多利亚时期的重要作家。尽管他有诗人、哲学家的气质,却因其艰涩难懂的文字而难以受当时读者欢迎。19世纪末以来,随着文学价值标准逆转后,国外学界逐渐肯定其文学地位,并开始深入探究他的创作特色。迄今为止,学界对梅若底斯的相关研究多为作品中的自传成分及作品的叙事技巧展开,本论文旨在对百年来梅若底斯的研究概况进行粗略的梳理,以全新的视角,强调从梅若底斯与维多利亚时期的新杂志Once A Week的关联,并以Once A Week为轴心,对当代梅若底斯研究新的取向予以展望。%George Meredith was a writer so neglected and so under-valued during Victorian period.Although He had the temperament of poem and philosopher,he never belonged to the main stream of his own time,considered "unreadable".So far,the studies on Meredith concentrate on his peculiar style of autobiography and narration.This paper attempt to sketch the outline of the research on Meredith since the late-nineteenth century,throw light on his relationship to new magazine Once A Week.Based on Once A Week,this paper will provide a new research perspective.

  17. Fragmentos de um periódico perdido: a Sentinela do Serro e o sentido da "republicanização" (1830-1832 Pieces of a disappeared newspaper: the Sentinela do Serro and the meanings of "republicanization" (1830-1832

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    Valdei Lopes de Araujo

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available A partir da atuação do jovem Teófilo Ottoni, no contexto das disputas que levaram à abdicação do imperador Pedro I, tentamos caracterizar certos traços da linguagem e cultura políticas vigentes no período. A Sentinela do Serro, periódico editado por Ottoni entre 1830 e 1832, e hoje desaparecido, teve destacada atuação na luta pela republicanização da vida política. Neste artigo analisamos fragmentos da Sentinela transcritos em outros jornais do período e os confrontamos com as interpretações consolidadas por Ottoni em sua autobiografia política publicada em 1860. Por fim, argumentamos pela necessidade de matizar a classificação política ternária (exaltados, moderados, conservadores geralmente utilizada para caracterizar esse momento, apontando para as limitações dessa abordagem normativa para a compreensão da especificidade da experiência republicana vivenciada por Ottoni e seus correligionários.Studying the young politician Teofilo Ottoni, this paper characterizes some aspects of Brazilian political culture and languages in the 1830's. The Sentinela do Serro, a newspaper edited by Ottoni between 1830 and 1832, and nowadays disappeared, played an important role in the disputes to republicanize Brazilian political life. Here we analysis some Sentinela's fragments published in different contemporary newspapers in order to confront them with interpretations made by Ottoni when he published his autobiography in 1860. Finally, we argue to the necessity of revise the triadic political definition (radicals, moderates, conservatives generally applied to categorize this moment. This normative approach limits the understanding of some fundamental aspects of the republican experience made by Ottoni and his supporters.

  18. Estudos cronotópicos em narrativas audiovisuais

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    Egle Müller Spinelli

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho pretende aplicar o conceito de cronotopia de Bakhtin à análise de narrativas audiovisuais. Para tanto, será discutido o conceito de cronotopo bakhtiniano e sua relação com os estudos de Saussure, com o intuito de mostrar como os elementos cronotópicos podem estar ligados a contextos que vão além do enunciado, remetendo a mecanismos da enunciação. No estudo são analisados filmes que apresentam determinadas características semelhantes às dos principais tipos de cronotopia estabelecidos por Bakhtin: a da aventura, a do cotidiano e a autobiográfica, respectivamente correspondentes aos filmes Corra Lola, Corra (Tom Tykwer, 1998, Boca de Ouro (Nelson Pereira dos Santos, 1962 e Rashomon (Akira Kurosawa, 1950. Palavras-chave: cronotopia; enunciação; cinema; Bakhtin Abstract Chronotopic studies in audiovisual narratives - This paper proposes to apply Bakhtin's concept of chronotopia in an analysis of audiovisual discourse. To this end, it discusses the Bakhtin's postulation of the chronotope and its relation with the studies of Saussure in order to show how chronotopic elements may be connected to contexts that go beyond simple statements, suggesting mechanisms of enunciation. The films Run Lola, Run (Tom Tykwer, 1998, Boca de Ouro (Nelson Pereira dos Santos, 1962 and Rashomon (Akira Kurosawa, 1950 are used here to illustrate the principal chronotopic types established by Bakhtin, namely, adventure, everyday life and autobiography. Key words: chronotope; enunciation; cinema; Bakhtin

  19. Les enfants et familles de coupables : le genre du roman familial

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    Franziska Georgii

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Dans cet article seront passées en revue quelques œuvres littéraires contemporaines françaises et allemandes, écrites par les enfants de la génération de guerre dite coupable. Il s'agit pour la plupart d'enfants de nazis, de collaborateurs plus ou moins actifs, de suiveurs impliqués à des degrés différents dans la machinerie du Troisième Reich durant la Seconde Guerre Mondiale. Il sera question d'explorer la manière dont les deux nations se confrontent au passé obscur de leurs parents et grands-parents et d'étudier le discours intergénérationnel en-deçà d'une pensée purement nationale, en proposant une étude comparative qui tienne compte des ressemblances et des divergences dans le travail de mémoire sur l'histoire familiale. L'imaginaire y représente un outil primordial dans la confrontation au passé, capable de donner voix au vide, aux non-dits, à la douleur, à l'ineffable, tout en proposant un éclairage nouveau sur une époque très étudiée par l'historiographie et arrivant à un certain degré de saturation. A partir d'une étude du genre du « roman familial » et des sous-genres qui s'y rapportent il sera question de penser l'intrication, la synergie entre autobiographie, mémoire et imaginaire dans la mise en œuvre d'un véritable travail de mémoire littéraire.

  20. Transcultural Space and the Writer

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    Inez Baranay

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available (1 As a long time writer, I always found, even before I began to publish, that my work was difficult to categorise, even while categories seemed essential for publication, reception and visibility. (2 In this personal essay, I apply the notion of the transcultural to a short writing [auto]biography. The methodology adopted for this purpose is a form of autoethnography: “a form of self-reflection and writing that explores the researcher’s personal experience and connects this autobiographical story to wider cultural, political, and social meanings and understandings”1 to explore how my immigrant background and transcultural lived experience is reflected in my creative writing, and to give an account of how my literary output has been placed in various but always restrictive pre-existing categories. I am also encouraged by Mikhail Epstein’s proposed “scriptorics”, the study of the one who writes Each section of the essay is divided into two: the first sections provide a succinct version of the issues in a developing writer’s life, framed by the need for the practice and production to “belong” somewhere; the second sections take them to a posited “Transcultural Space” where the work seems more authentically to have originated and in which it seems to be more perceptively read. (3 The result is not so much a conventional academic article as a fiction writer’s reflection on her work in the embrace of an inclusive and meaning-making realm.