Autism narratives are not just stories or histories, describing a given reality. They are creating the language in which to describe the experience of autism, and hence helping to forge the concepts in which to think autism. This paper focuses on a series of autobiographies that began with Grandin's Emergence. These are often said to show us autism from the 'inside'. The paper proposes that instead they are developing ways to describe experience for which there is little pre-existing language. Wittgenstein has many well-known aphorisms about how we understand other people directly, without inference. They condense what he had found in Wolfgang Köhler's Gestalt Psychology. These phenomena of direct understanding what other people are doing are, Köhler wrote, 'the common property and practice of mankind'. They are not the common property and practice of people with autism. Ordinary language is rich in age-old ways to describe what others are thinking, feeling and so forth. Köhler's phenomena are the bedrock on which such language rests. There is no such discourse for autism, because Köhler's phenomena are absent. But a new discourse is being made up right now, i.e. ways of talking for which the autobiographies serve as working prototypes.
Full Text Available The article Autobiographies of philosophers is composed of three parts. The first part presents the history of philosophic autobiography since antiquity and spiritual autobiography of Saint Augustine, through “Confessions” of J.J. Rousseau – the creator of modern autobiography, Pascal, G. Berkeley and S. Kierkegaard, back to “Ecce homo” of Nietzsche. The second part presents selected autobiographies of philosophers of the 20th century like an autobiography of B. Russell (three volumes, M. Bierdiaev, K. Jaspers. The third part is an interpretation of the intellectual autobiography of P. Ricoeur, in which the author reproduces history of intellectual and philosophic development and shows the dissimilarity of “idem” to his own identity.
metropole, political legitimacy at the end of empire and settler family innocence, I argue that the writers engage with collective memories about empire in their personal recollections. Such collective narratives pattern autobiographies so that the same concerns and rhetoric recur in widely different...
Nicholas (Nick Meihuizen
Full Text Available This article argues that, unlike biographies which tend to follow patterns based on conventional expectations, salient autobiographies achieve forms unique to themselves. The article draws on ideas from contemporary formalists such as Peter McDonald and Angela Leighton but also considers ideas on significant form stemming from earlier writers and critics such as P.N. Furbank and Willa Cather. In extracting from these writers the elements of what they consider comprise achieved form, the article does not seek to provide a rigid means of objectively testing the formal attributes of a piece of writing. It rather offers qualitative reminders of the need to be alert to the importance of form, even if the precise nature of this importance is not possible to define. Form is involved in meaning, and this continuously opens up possibilities regarding the reader’s relationship with the work in question. French genetic critic Debray Genette distinguishes between ‘semantic effect’ (the direct telling involved in writing and ‘semiological effect’ (the indirect signification involved. It is the latter, the article argues in summation, which gives a work its singular nature, producing a form that is not predictable but suggestive, imaginative.
Grüter, Thomas; Grüter, Martina
Prosopagnosia is a selective impairment of the visual learning and recognition of faces. The congenital type, which is not accompanied by detectable brain damage or malformation, was recently found to be far more common than previously known. Therefore, one should expect that at least a few biographies or autobiographies would reveal a prosopagnosia. In this paper we present an autobiography and a biography describing five cases of congenital prosopagnosia. These biographic descriptions of prosopagnosia add further evidence to the assumption that the congenital type of prosopagnosia is not a rare condition, and not as socially crippling as one might expect.
Barclay-McLaughlin, Gina; Kershaw, Cheryl; Roberts, Dewey
This article describes one southern partnership's effort to create an urban learning community in which the university, schools, and local NAACP work together to improve teaching and learning. The authors describe how the partners coteach courses, engage in creating and sharing cultural autobiographies, question each other, and confront their own…
Thornton, James E
This article discusses the proposition that learning is an unexplored feature of the guided autobiography method and its developmental exchange. Learning, conceptualized and explored as the embedded and embodied processes, is essential in narrative activities of the guided autobiography method leading to psychosocial development and growth in dynamic, temporary social groups. The article is organized in four sections and summary. The first section provides a brief overview of the guided autobiography method describing the interplay of learning and experiencing in temporary social groups. The second section offers a limited review on learning and experiencing as processes that are essential for development, growth, and change. The third section reviews the small group activities and the emergence of the "developmental exchange" in the guided autobiography method. Two theoretical constructs provide a conceptual foundation for the developmental exchange: a counterpart theory of aging as development and collaborative-situated group learning theory. The summary recaps the main ideas and issues that shape the guided autobiography method as learning and social experience using the theme, "Where to go from here."
Full Text Available Abstract: The purpose of this article is to broaden the tradition of autobiography by using it as a way in which teachers can identify sources of inspiration in their educational experience. In the process, my aim is to make explicit the links between autobiography, learning and meta learning. Extending autobiographical inquiry to include different levels at which learning takes place serves to highlight the importance not only of the individual context of learning (the private self, but also the possibility of learning and constructing meaning from autobiography in dialogue with others. This article identifies four levels of learning-how-to-learn from autobiography. These levels are: 1. learning from autobiographical writing; 2. learning through intergenerational dialogues; 3. developmental learning through the career stages; and 4. whole group co-constructive learning. My ultimate goal is two fold. Firstly, to use these levels of learning to identify operational definitions of inspiration based on significant events and experiences in teacher’s personal stories. Secondly to identify a meta research orientation for linking autobiography with learning and meta-learning.
Scheuer, Nora; de la Cruz, Montserrat; Pozo, Juan Ignacio; Neira, Silvina
Background: Learning conceptions may be studied as specific implicit theories based on theory of mind. Previous studies suggest that a developmental shift from a direct implicit theory of learning to an interpretative one occurs during childhood. Here we explore the development of children's autobiographies of learning to write by adopting this…
The pervasive influence of the Oedipus complex on world culture is a given, yet throughout the long history of motion pictures only one major filmmaker has tackled the literary source that inspired Freud. The film, Edipo Re, directed by Italian poet, novelist, and social and political activist Pier Paolo Pasolini, not only reconstructs the myth and adapts Sophocles' tragedy, but uses both as a basis of cinematic autobiography. This paper is a detailed analysis of the formal, stylistic, and thematic dimensions of this film, illustrating the complex manner in which Pasolini interweaves myth, play, and autobiography into a unique cinematic achievement. This analysis is followed by speculations on the implications of the film's structure and techniques and on what they reveal about Pasolini's character, his sexual profile, and the ignominious murder that ended his life.
Schwartz, Henry P
Georges Perec's book La Boutique Obscure (1973; translated into English in 2012) serves as the basis for this paper. The book is a collection of dreams that its author dreamed from May 1968 to August 1972. The present author treats these dreams as chapters in a bizarre autobiography, elaborating Perec's life through a discussion of those dreams and using them as a starting point with which to discuss his views of dream interpretation and the role of dreams in psychoanalysis.
Full Text Available In engaging with acts of self-narration that cross species lines, creators of animal autobiographies also broach questions about genre, truth status, and the structure as well as the politics of narrative representation. To address these questions, the present article draws not just on scholarship on (animal autobiography but also on ideas from the fields of linguistic semantics, politeness theory, and discourse analysis, including the “framing and footing” approach that focuses on talk emerging in contexts of face-to-face interaction and that derives most directly from the work of Erving Goffman. On the basis of this research, and using case studies that range from animal riddles to Ceridwen Dovey’s Only the Animals (2014, a collection of life stories posthumously narrated by a variety of nonhuman tellers, I profile autobiographical acts that reach beyond the human as ways of speaking for or in behalf of animal others. Some animal autobiographies correlate with acts of telling for which humans themselves remain the principals as well as authors; their animal animators remain relegated to the role of commenting on human institutions, values, practices, and artifacts. Other examples, however, can be read as co-authored acts of narrating in behalf of equally hybrid (or “humanimal” principals. These experiments with narration beyond the human afford solidarity-building projections of other creatures’ ways of being-in-the-world—projections that enable a reassessment, in turn, of forms of human being.
The main body of this book contains the hitherto unpublished autobiographies of both William Lawrence Bragg, an innovative scientist who won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1915, and his wife, Alice, a Mayor of Cambridge and National Chairman of Marriage Guidance. Their autobiographies give unusual insights into the lives and times of two distinguished people and the real personalities behind their public appearance.
Quintero, Josefina C.; López, Margarita M.; Zuluaga, Carmen T. C.
This article discusses the final results from a research work which aimed to identify the pedagogical processes that emerge from the autobiographies that modern languages trainee teachers at the University of Caldas write. These autobiographies become a starting point to develop their teaching practicum, and are considered to be of great…
Dickens is considered to be one of the greatest English novelists of the Victorian period. David Copperfield published in 1849-1850,was written when Dickens creative power reached his height. The story is narrated in the first person through the mouth of its hero： David Copperfield. In David Copperfield. Dickens made good use of his own life experiences to expose the social evils of its own. For example, they were also born on Friday, they had wretched childhood. David＇s love for Dora modeled after Dickens＂ youthful fascination for Maria Beadnell, Dickens＂ father was the original form of Mr. Micawber in DC and Dickens＂ mother was the original form of David＇s pretty young mother. And in the book, we also can see that the immorality and the treachery were prevalent in the England realism. So the novel is not only a personal record, but also a broad picture of the society of the author＇s day. In my opinion , we could say DC is an autobiography of Dickens.
Walker, A. Marie; And Others
This study compared neurotic and depressive personality characteristics in autobiographies of creative achievers (n=30) versus eminent but noncreative achievers (n=18). California Q-Set ratings assessed the five personality factors of neuroticism, extroversion, openness to experience, agreeableness, and conscientiousness. Creative achievers were…
Elena M. Shastina
Full Text Available The article considers the problem of space mythologize in the oeuvre of Austrian writer and Nobel Prize Laureate Elias Canetti (1905–1994. Canetti’s birthplace – Bulgarian city Ruse appears in the artist's autobiography in the form of a simulated mythological space
Norcross, John C.; Sommer, Robert; Clifford, Jennifer S.
Explores six methods for incorporating into courses published autobiographies written by individuals suffering from mental disorders: (1) outside readings; (2) examples for classroom lectures; (3) primary texts for discussion sections; (4) remedial or extra-credit assignments; (5) information resources; and (6) source books for topical seminars.…
Blum, Mark E.
This paper describes the methods used to teach identity formation in a college course entitled "Identity and Society," through an exploration of the autobiographies of several prominant Americans. The three phases of an autobiographical approach to one's present identity are discussed as the search for facts according to criteria, illustrated by…
Elena Cotta Ramusino
Full Text Available Both in his prose and poetry William Butler Yeats showed a life- long interest in the shaping of the self, achieved through a careful rearrangement of experience. Autobiographies is a collection of texts written at different times intentionally arranged by the author not according to the order of composition but to the chronological growth of the subject, from early childhood to the Nobel prize award. Until the period when autobiography started to be recognized as a specific genre with its own rules, this work was resorted to as a support for the study of the author’s production or as a key to discovering his life, disregarding the fact that autobiographical writing is not the narration of a life, but rather a narrative of the self as seen from the present moment of writing. Yeats’s Autobiographies is the narrative of how he struggled to shape his own personal identity as well as the identity of the nation. Life stories flourished in the Revival and post-Revival periods in Ireland, thus testifying to a widely shared belief in the correspondence of individual and national destiny. Along with collective drives, personal reasons also compelled him to look back and write his own autobiography. The author managed to provide a text in which everything, from syntactic to linguistic choices, from his treatment of time and places to his presentation of friends and rivals, combines to give a composite portrait of himself from early expectations to final achievement.
Byars, James Lee; Eleey, Peter
"I see my autobiography as an arbitrary segment of so many pages of time, of things that I have paid attention to at this point in my life," wrote James Lee Byars (1932-1997) in 1969. He was then 37, about half the average male lifespan at the time, and accordingly thought it appropriate to write his "1/2 autobiography." Byars' art ranged from highly refined objects to extremely minimal performance and events, and books, ephemera and correspondence that he distributed widely among friends and colleagues. Today, more than 15 years after his death, assessments of his art must negotiate Byars' performance of his charismatic self in his life and art. For his first major posthumous survey in the US, exhibition curators Magalí Arriola and Peter Eleey decided to produce a catalogue in two "halves," playing on his "1/2 autobiography": a catalogue of the exhibition itself, including new scholarship, and a sourcebook of primary documents. 1/2 an Autobiography, Sourcebook constitutes the latter volume--a reference guid...
Discusses autobiography. States that the author, in writing autobiographical poems, is motivated by a desire to inscribe the memory, to fend off forgetfulness, to stake a claim for significance by shaping a story that signifies. Illustrates with various autobiographical poems. (PA)
Fleming, Margaret, Ed.; McGinnis, Jo, Ed.
Prepared by experienced classroom teachers from all levels, the articles in this book explain how to use biography and autobiography as a basis for the thorough study of a topic in literature, history, the social sciences, or other subject areas. The nine articles in the first section of the book use Maya Angelou's "I Know Why the Caged Bird…
Carey, C. L.
The following paper undertakes an iconographic analysis of Robert Rauschenberg's large scale print, Autobiography (1967). The artist's interest in astronomy and astrology, visual metaphors aligning the body with the cosmos, and the cartographic representation of self are discussed. Autobiography is placed in cultural and historical context with other works by the artist, elaborated as a personal narrative-an alternative to traditional self portraiture.
Freud was occupied with the question of truth and its verification throughout his work. He looked to archaeology for an evidence model to support his ideas on reconstruction. He also referred to literature regarding truth in reconstruction, where he saw shifts between historical fact and invention, and detected such swings in his own case histories. In his late work Freud pondered over the impossibility of truth in reconstruction by juxtaposing truth with 'probability'. Developments on the role of fantasy and myth in reconstruction and contemporary debates over objectivity have increasingly highlighted the question of 'truth' in psychoanalysis. I will argue that 'authenticity' is a helpful concept in furthering the discussion over truth in reconstruction. Authenticity denotes that which is genuine, trustworthy and emotionally accurate in a reconstruction, as observed within the immediacy of the analyst/patient interaction. As authenticity signifies genuineness in a contemporary context its origins are verifiable through the analyst's own observations of the analytic process itself. Therefore, authenticity is about the likelihood and approximation of historical truth rather than its certainty. In that respect it links with Freud's musings over 'probability'. Developments on writing 'truths' in autobiography mirror those in reconstruction, and lend corroborative support from another source.
Full Text Available One of the aspects that concerns translation scholars most is the question of the translator’s style. It was realised that little research had been undertaken investigating the individual style of literary translators in terms of what might be distinct about their language usage. Consequently, a methodological framework for such an investigation was suggested. Subsequently considerable research has been conducted on style in the European languages. However, the same cannot be said about African languages. This article proposes a corpus-driven study of translators’ style, comparing isiXhosa and isiZulu translations of Mandela’s Long Walk to Freedom by Mtuze and Ntuli, both published in 2001. The target texts are compared with each other focusing on the use of italics, loan words and expansions and contractions as features that distinguish the two translators. The source text was used not to evaluate the target texts but to understand the translators’ choices. ParaConc Multilingual Concordancer was used to align the source text and its target texts for easy examination. The results revealed that the fact that the two translators were dealing with an autobiography did not deter them from displaying their personal imprints as creative writers.
Rehfuss, Mark C.; Di Fabio, Annamaria
This study examined the validity of the Future Career Autobiography (FCA; Rehfuss, 2009), a qualitative instrument designed to capture change or stability in individuals' life and occupational narratives across time as a result of narrative career interventions. Italian female entrepreneurs (N = 82) were randomly assigned into either an…
McCulloch, Allison W.; Marshall, Patricia L.; DeCuir-Gunby, Jessica T.; Caldwell, Ticola S.
Mathematics autobiographies have the potential to help teachers reflect on their identities as mathematics learners and to understand their role in the development of their students' mathematics identities. This paper reports on a professional development project for K-2 teachers (n = 41), in which participants were asked to write mathematics…
Hunter, Karla M.
Courses: Argumentation, Public Speaking, Political Communication. Objectives: After completing this unit activity, students should be able to (1) demonstrate comprehension of Burke's (1941) concept of terministic screens; (2) apply the concept of terministic screens to write a brief political autobiography of themselves that analyzes the history…
The intercultural relation between Asian performing traditions and Western avant-garde group theatres has left traces in both training and aesthetics. Especially in performative professional autobiographies the body narrative reveals a presence that contains historiographical and artistic questions...... the performance historiography of intercultural performing archive as lab praxis meeting Asian impacts on her performance tradition....
In this autobiography, Sir Peter Mansfield describes his life from his early childhood in war time London to his research in nuclear magnetic resonance and the development of magnetic resonance imaging. For his discoveries in MRI, Sir Peter was awarded the 2003 Nobel Prize for Medicine, shared with Paul Lauterbur.
Milam, Jennifer L.; Jupp, James C.; Hoyt, Mei Wu; Kaufman, Mitzi; Grumbein, Matthew; O'Malley, Michael P.; Carpenter, B. Stephen, II; Slattery, Patrick
In this research reflection, we develop a portrait of our engaged pedagogy for teaching educational foundations classes in teacher education. Our engaged pedagogy--based on autobiography and self-disclosure traditions-- emphasizes instructors and students' self-disclosure of lived experiences as being central to practical curriculum in teaching…
Peters, U H
Nietzsche's autobiography gestates neither conflicts, nor life problems, nor matter suppressed from his subconscious, nor are the speech distortions of the schizophrenic patient to be found. In all, analysis allows with certainty the conclusion that is was written by a sick person suffering from a psycho-organic disorder of the kind Bonhoeffer referred to by the general term "symptomatic psychosis".
Stephenson, Carol; Stirling, John; Wray, David
This article critically evaluates the attempt of the authors to develop a sociological imagination within first-year undergraduate students studying the discipline of sociology at a British university. Through a sociological analysis of biography and autobiography (of both teachers and students), we attempted to create a quality of mind that would…
Many literary dictionaries still define an autobiography as a deliberate, structured retrospective of the writer’s own life, characterized by a perspective that suggests a certain unity or harmony. Many of these characteristics, however, are now taken for granted less and less. Today, the autobiogra
Seamans, Robert C., Jr.
Bob Seamans originally was inspired to write this book for his family and friends. That is a large audience. By his own count his immediate family numbers twenty-four, not counting brothers and cousins and their families. His friends are uncounted but surely run to hundreds. As one of them and as a colleague at NASA, I am pleased and honored that he asked me to write this foreword. While written in Bob's unique and informal style, this autobiography has significance for many readers beyond his large circles of family and friends. Leaders and students of large, complex technological endeavors should be able to learn much from reading how Bob faced the daunting technical and management challenges in his career. As the title of this book implies, Bob has always set high goals for himself and then kept his eyes focused on both the necessary details and the broader picture. His ability to shift smoothly among jobs that required seemingly disparate abilities and skills speaks volumes about his insight, dedication, and enthusiasm for achievement. The book spans a truly remarkable life story. Bob first takes us through his growing up, education, and early professional and family life. Next he focuses on the crucial years when he was the general manager of NASA. Then he moves on to his career in the top jobs at the Air Force, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Energy Research and Development Administration. Finally, he touches on his later leadership activities in the academic and business worlds. Aiming at Targets is a series of fascinating topical vignettes covering his professional life. Taken together, like broad brushstrokes in an impressionist painting, they give a better picture of Bob Seamans and his work than a detailed recitation of facts and dates could hope to do. This is a cheerful account of an interesting and successful career. The book is full of good stories, with many memorable characters. Like the proverbial sundial, it counts the sunny hours
Rock autobiographies have become increasingly popular since the 1990s. This article analyzes 31 mainstream rock autobiographies describing a wide variety of legal and illegal substances used and reckless behavior. Narrative analysis shows that books concentrate on recovering from addiction. The majority of writers have participated in some kind of treatment. Rock autobiographies use therapeutic vocabulary and borrow discursive elements from culturally familiar Alcoholics Anonymous texts recounting recovery stories. The analysis shows that drugs and alcohol are not associated with rebellion and authenticity as they once were in rock music. Surviving addiction has become a key theme of rock culture.
Mathibe, Lehlohonolo J
Recent studies encourage educators in nursing to use innovative and non-traditional teaching methods, such as using popular movies, posters, portfolios and surfing the internet, to stimulate students' interest, participation and interaction to enhance academic performance as well as knowledge retention. In this, descriptive cross-sectional study, we used self-administered questionnaires with statements graded on 5-points Likert scale (quantitative measures) and open-ended questions (qualitative measures), to assess the feasibility and students' perceptions regarding the use of Lance Armstrong's autobiography of surviving against cancer as a teaching tool. At the beginning of the lecture copies of selected chapters from: "It's Not About the Bike; My Journey Back to Life" [Armstrong, L., Jenkins, S. 2001. It's Not About The Bike: My Journey Back To Life. Yellow Jersey Press, Random House (Pty) Limited, Great Britain], were given to students. Willing students were requested to read for the whole class while the lecturer interjected periodically to explain and expound on certain pharmacological concepts. Eighty percent (80%) of participants felt that the use of an autobiography stimulated their interesting in cancer drugs and 84% agreed/strongly agreed that it contributed to their knowledge of pharmacology. Using Lance Armstrong's autobiography of survival to teach cytotoxic drugs is a worthwhile and rewarding exercise from the student nurses' perspective.
Full Text Available On commencera par relever la richesse vernaculaire de la voix de Miss Jane et la densité folklorique de l’écriture de Gaines qui décrit ainsi son projet : « a folk autobiography ». Une autobiographie « folklorique » ? Certes, le rythme, la grammaire de l’anglais oral noir américain jalonnent ce récit qui se place lui-même dans son prologue sous le signe stylistique des conversations informelles sur les marches d’un perron de Louisiane, ces « porch talk » dont Gaines répète s’être inspiré.Cependant, l’analyse confinerait à la couleur locale si la « folk autobiography » n’était pas lue comme autobiographie fictive d’un peuple et d’une stratégie de survie : Miss Jane incarne aussi la dimension fonctionnelle du parler vernaculaire dont la théorie de signifyin(g a montré les enjeux vitaux. La jeune Jane, tout juste libérée de son nom d’esclave, possède déjà les « armes » verbales pour attaquer une société vacillante. Elle parvient à « éliminer » un adversaire des plus symboliques, le contremaître noir, en le réduisant à néant dans une réplique emblématique du pouvoir du signifyin(g (« You ain’t nothing but Nothing » p. 11. La veille femme, sage mais non résignée, devient trickster à la fin du récit. Dans une évocation performative (on notera le jeu des « to stand », « to march » p. 257, elle fait plus que « raconter » son histoire et parvient à « créer » l’Histoire en guidant et modifiant le destin de toute une communauté.On suggérera encore que cette « folk autobiography », autobiographie d’un peuple ou d’une culture, ne se laisse pas réduire à la seule communauté noire. Le récit est ancré dans la culture de la Louisiane, une culture complexe où maîtres blancs et esclaves puis métayers noirs traversent des tragédies communes, et écrivent ensemble leur Histoire commune dans une langue vernaculaire qu’ils partagent aussi
Full Text Available Marguerite Yourcenar’s autobiography Le Labyrinthe du monde surprised readers by its lack of self-representation and by being mainly a lengthy exploration of the genealogy of her ancestors. This article pursues the hypothesis that although Yourcenar is considered an autonomous creator, uninfluenced by the Parisian avant-garde of the sixties and seventies, certain aspects of her practice of self-representation draw on a new approach to historiography of which Michel Foucault, for example, was one of the earliest practitioners.
Christine A. James
Full Text Available This paper addresses the project of philosophical autobiography, using two different perspectives. On the one hand, the societal, economic, and family contexts of William James are addressed, and connected a modern academic context of business ethics research, marketing and purchasing decision making, and the continuing financial crisis. The concepts of “stream of consciousness” and “acting as-if” are connected to recent literature on William James. On the other hand, the significance of family context, and the possible connection between the William James family and the author, is addressed through shared family narratives interspersed throughout the paper.
Power, Tamara; Jackson, Debra; Weaver, Roslyn; Wilkes, Lesley; Carter, Bernie
This paper is concerned with the use of published literary autobiographies that contain first-hand accounts of illness narratives, to explore their usefulness as a form of qualitative data to generate knowledge that can inform nursing practice. There is increasing realisation that the experiences of patients and families should be used to guide health care service delivery, and autobiographical accounts are a valuable resource, providing first-hand accounts of the ways illness, disability, and health care, are experienced by patients and their families.
Franklin is an earliest writer in American history and he is the most important writers during American colonial period. The most important works of him are Poor Richard's Almanac and his Autobiography. His works have a tremendous impact on American literature later. What more important is that in his Autobiography he wrote out American dream, the spirit of business and good qualities, and some others. Franklin explained that everyone can get rich by hard work and thrift, and he called on people to come to America to make money. The American dream then became an important theme in American literature. It occurred in many works of many writers in his later time. Since Franklin was such a successful person in many areas, world-renowned inventor, writer, diplomat and one of the leaders of the American war of independence, he brought a tremendous im⁃pact on American society. And because of his success, many Americans later took him as an example and his works were popular and read widely. Both Franklin and his works affected American society deeply.
Mary Beth Altier
Full Text Available Despite the growth of terrorism literature in the aftermath of the 9/11 attacks, there remain several methodological challenges to studying certain aspects of terrorism. This is perhaps most evident in attempts to uncover the attitudes, motivations, and intentions of individuals engaged in violent extremism and how they are sometimes expressed in problematic behavior. Such challenges invariably stem from the fact that terrorists and the organizations to which they belong represent clandestine populations engaged in illegal activity. Unsurprisingly, these qualities make it difficult for the researcher to identify and locate willing subjects of study—let alone a representative sample. In this research note, we suggest the systematic analysis of terrorist autobiographies offers a promising means of investigating difficult-to-study areas of terrorism-related phenomena. Investigation of autobiographical accounts not only offers additional data points for the study of individual psychological issues, but also provides valuable perspectives on the internal structures, processes, and dynamics of terrorist organizations more broadly. Moreover, given most autobiographies cover critical events and personal experiences across the life course, they provide a unique lens into how terrorists perceive their world and insight into their decision-making processes. We support our advocacy of this approach by highlighting its methodological strengths and shortcomings.
Johnstone, M J
Reflective topical autobiography (an autobiographical method) belongs to the genre of testimonial research and is located within the postpositivist interpretive research paradigm. Despite the (reflective) topical autobiographical method enjoying a 'rebirth' in recent years and being utilised by a range of researchers in the human and literary disciplines, it remains largely unknown and under utilised in nursing research domains. In this article it is proposed that reflective topical autobiography is an important research method in its own right, and one which promises to make a substantive contribution to the overall project of advancing nursing inquiry and knowledge. This is particularly so where nursing research shares in the affirming projects of interpretive research generally and the relatively new sociology of the emotions in particular apropos: (i) increasing understanding of subjectivity and making subjective experiences more visible and intelligible, (ii) the search for meaning and increasing understanding of the commonality of existential human experience, and (iii) decentring the detached observer and his/her privileging the objectivist illusion in the hierarchy of research discourses, paving the way for the admission of multiple realities and interpretations of lived experience. In this article, a coherent reflective topical autobiographical research method is advanced for use in nursing education and research contexts.
Full Text Available In 2004, documentary theorist Michael Renov described ‘the recent turn to filmic autobiography’ as ‘the defining trend of “post-verite” documentary practice...’ In 2008 Renov went further still, suggesting that ‘the very idea of autobiography challenges/reinvents the VERY IDEA of documentary.’ Archive based autobiographical filmmaking, meanwhile, is even more problematic for documentary theory. Indeed, a number of recent documentaries, because of their status somewhere in the spectrum between biography and autobiography, have prompted the construction of an entirely new conceptual category, deploying archival film, often in the form of home movies, to document the lives of their human subjects in Renov’s formulation ‘shared textual authority’. In this article I examine one of ‘my’ own archive based documentaries, ‘Marilyn on Marilyn’ (BBC2 2001, as a way of asking questions not just about biographical and autobiographical documentary but also - and perhaps more urgently - about attributions of authorship in archive-based documentary.
Barrington M. Marais
Full Text Available This article examines four recent collections of South African queer autobiographies. These are: Hijab: Unveiling queer Muslim lives, Yes I am! Writing by South African gay men,Reclaiming the L-word: Sappho’s daughters out in Africa and Trans: Transgender life stories from South Africa. Selected narratives from each collection have been analysed in order to exhibit the relational nature of autobiographical self-construction through an exploration of how it is specifically constructed in spiritual or religious spaces. The ubuntu theology of Archbishop Emeritus Desmond Tutu is analysed as it intersects with representations of spirituality and religion in the texts. This article seeks to highlight the socio-political value of the texts and their functioning as important tools in the struggle for equality in which the queer minority currently find themselves.
Full Text Available The present study tries to analyse The life of a single man by Adrian Marino from the perspective of the autobiographical genre. However, a close reading of the text’s Foreword reveals certain poetic and stylistic features which render difficult the assignement of genre. Starting from some of the suggestions Philippe Lejeune provides in his Autobiographical Pact, we tried to clear up these aspects through an interpretive reading of the authorial intentions Adrian Marino himself had hinted at in the beginning of the text. Determining the distinct positions of the author, the narrator and the character as related to the events narrated also provides challenging hypotheses in order to define Adrian Marino’s text. Last but not least, we intend to dwell upon the ideological type of the autobiography, which explains the peculiar nature of the text.1
Mark S. M. Scott
Full Text Available In this article, I explore a pedagogical strategy for teaching Augustine’s Confessions to undergraduate students, which involves a final essay assignment. In the assignment, students compose their own “confessions” at the end of the term that employs Augustine’s Confessions as a roadmap for rigorous self-reflection. Like Augustine, they must employ a creative literary frame, without duplicating his rhetorical technique of framing his autobiography as a prayer to God. Moreover, they must reflect on the salient questions, key people, pivotal moments that have shaped them, and analyze their shifts in worldviews. The assignment aims to demystify Augustine and to reinforce the evolving nature of the self as it moves through time and absorbs new ideas and experiences, as well as helping students begin to formulate a coherent and constructive life narrative.
Having first considered recent research into the circumstances surrounding the production and publication of the 'autobiography' of Jung, the author concludes that in spite of its being the work of several authors, it nevertheless constitutes a whole. Taken from whichever angle, they all point to Jung's particular inquiry into the unconscious, as it emerges through Jung's own words. The author goes on to suggest both a lateral and a structural reading of MDR (Memories, Dreams, Reflections) which in turn reveals, on the basis of the several dreams reported, the central 'fantasy' which inspired Jung's research and his oeuvre. Finally, he discusses the idea of the collective or impersonal unconscious and highlights the emphasis Jung places on processes which unfold according to rhythms which are associated with distinct scales, depending on whether they are those of the individual, the clan or the culture.
Zeytounian, Radyadour Kh
Rationality - as opposed to 'ad-hoc' - and asymptotics - to emphasize the fact that perturbative methods are at the core of the theory - are the two main concepts associated with the Rational Asymptotic Modeling (RAM) approach in fluid dynamics when the goal is to specifically provide useful models accessible to numerical simulation via high-speed computing. This approach has contributed to a fresh understanding of Newtonian fluid flow problems and has opened up new avenues for tackling real fluid flow phenomena, which are known to lead to very difficult mathematical and numerical problems irrespective of turbulence. With the present scientific autobiography the author guides the reader through his somewhat non-traditional career; first discovering fluid mechanics, and then devoting more than fifty years to intense work in the field. Using both personal and general historical contexts, this account will be of benefit to anyone interested in the early and contemporary developments of an important branch of the...
Full Text Available James Weldon Johnson’s novel The Autobiography of an Ex-Colored Man (1912 discusses the causes, conditions, and implications of passing in a segregated society. The essay argues that the novel’s aesthetics of ambiguity conveys and reflects an ambivalence towards the concept of race. Using theories of Geoffrey Galt Harpham and John Guillory, it elaborates an ethics of reading race and lynching in The Autobiography of an Ex-Colored Man.
Full Text Available Contra lo que reivindican tácitamente numerosas autobiografías con su "retórica del yo", a saber, la autenticidad y la verdad sobre sí mismo, los textos autobiográficos deben de ser tratados muy críticamente. Es imposible hacer de la autobiografía un objeto de estudio o un material para el estudio sin cuestionar radicalmente el mito de la autenticidad. El sociólogo, para que sea pertinente la utilización de textos autobiográficos como material interpretable, debe sacar informaciones de los contextos extra-textuales (escolares, políticos, religiosos, familiares. correspondientes a los diferentes momentos de la trayectoria narrada, y también al momento en el que el escritor habla de sí mismo, para comprender a partir de qué presupuestos culturales, de qué categorías históricas de percepción el autor se "dice" y se "pone en escena".Autobiographical texts should be treated critically given autobiographies with their "rhetoric of the self" (in other words, the idea of authenticity and truth about oneself. It becomes impossible to use an autobiography as an object of study or as data for study without a radical challenge to the myth of authenticity. In order to utilize autobiographic texs as interpretable data, the sociologist should obtain information about the extratextual contexts (scholary, political, religious, domestic ones corresponding to different moment in the narrative trajectory as well as about the moment when the writer talks about himself in order to understand which are the cultural presuppositions and historical cathegories of perception of the author in his "saying" and his "scenary setting".
Durán Narváez Norma Constanza
Full Text Available Autobiographies depict with words life stories, personal experiences, and perceptions that allow researchers to deeply understand the way people see life, reflect, and construct meaning out of experiences. This article aims at describing the contributions of autobiographies as valuable resources in qualitative research when exploring people’s beliefs, personal knowledge, and changes as a result of experience and learning. This is all based on a research project carried out at a Colombian public university, where students from the undergraduate English teaching program wrote their language learning stories which were used as an instrument to garner data. The project also aims at demonstrating how these narratives exhibit human activity and diverse events that may have a significant effect on the epistemologies and methodologies of teacher education.Las autobiografías perfilan con palabras las historias de vida, experiencias personales y percepciones que brindan a los investigadores una profunda comprensión de la manera como las personas ven la vida, reflexionan y construyen significado a partir de esas experiencias. Este artículo tiene como objetivo describir las contribuciones de las autobiografías como recursos valiosos en la investigación cualitativa por cuanto son un medio para explorar las creencias, el conocimiento personal y los cambios en los individuos como resultado de la experiencia y el aprendizaje. El presente trabajo se basa en una investigación realizada en una universidad pública colombiana, en la que estudiantes de la Licenciatura en Inglés narraron sus historias sobre el aprendizaje de la lengua; narraciones que fueron usadas como instrumentos para la recolección de información. Adicionalmente, se busca demostrar cómo dichas narrativas describen la actividad humana y diversos eventos que pudiesen tener un efecto significativo en la construcción epistemológica y metodológica en la formación de docentes.
Owens, M. A.
Climate literacy is evolving as a specific subset of science and environmental literacy. Through a longitudinal analysis of environmental autobiographies of an internationally and religiously diverse group of environmental sciences majors at a Historically Black College or University (HBCU) in the southern U.S., this presentation will explore: 1) sources and impact of religious beliefs on students' environmental worldview; 2) conflicts between religious, community and scientific values; and 3) navigating the tensions between trust in a religious deity as well as scientific methods and processes. Lester Milbrath states that "beliefs empower and deceive us." The media, as well as significant people and institutions, including religious institutions, socialize us and contribute to individual and societal worldviews. "We so thoroughly accept our culture's beliefs about how the world works that we hardly ever think about them even though they underlie everything we think and do." Beliefs, attitudes, and values comprise an important component of environmental literacy, a praxis-oriented concept from the field of environmental education, which is defined as: [T]he capacity to perceive and interpret the relative health of environmental systems and take appropriate action to maintain, restore, or improve the health of those systems . . . Environmental literacy should be defined in terms of observable behaviors. (Disinger and Roth 1992, 2). Environmental literacy draws upon six areas: environmental sensitivity; knowledge; skills; beliefs, attitudes and values; personal investment and responsibility; and active involvement. It involves particular ways of thinking, acting, and valuing (Roth 1992). Religious beliefs, or lack thereof, shape worldviews, thereby influencing individual and societal environmental and more specifically, climate literacy. For example, Western Christianity espouses a hierarchical anthropocentric worldview, putting God infinitely above human beings, and
Francisco Ramírez Santacruz
Full Text Available In addition to being one of the founding fathers of the modern novel, Mateo Alemán also wrote a stimulating treatise on spelling reform published in 1609 in Colonial Mexico. The Ortografía castellana is widely considered one of the best books on spelling reform written in Early Modern Spain and its territories due to its unparalleled display of elaborate literary artifice. But beyond its great significance for the study of the history of language, orthographies and national identity, and the rise of phoneticism in the 16th century, Alemán’s book has an autobiographical dimension unparalleled among works of its kind. This autobiographical data consists of recollections of his childhood, his time at university, his conversations with school teachers, his work for the Contaduría Real, and many other events that transform his book into a personal diary. The present study examines the role of autobiography and how it determines the structure of the treatise. Our analysis will show that behind the autobiographical allusions hides a self-fashioning project whose main purpose is to create an image for posterity of the artist called Mateo Alemán and provide him with an epic background.
Full Text Available In this article, we propose a qualitative approach to the study of the ways in which people face good and poor health issues. During the last 30 years, Prochaska and DiClemente's "trans-theoretical model" (1982, 1983, 1984, 1986, 1992 has gained relevance as a model to assess disposition for change in patients. We revise the features of the model and its common techniques to assess stages of change, underlining its methodological and conceptual problems. Particularly, we discuss the paradoxes set by "pre-contemplation" as a concept; the exogenous definition of human problems in terms of institutional and clinical criteria; and the ambiguity of the model, where the purpose of accompanying and orienting the patient contrasts with the imposition of problem definitions and solution strategies. We propose a narrative analysis of autobiographies of patients as an alternative that recasts their own notions of "change," "problem," and "vital trajectory." We illustrate this possibility with the analysis of an autobiographic interview with a woman who has a history of anorexia. URN: http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs1203209
Khalatnikov, Isaak M
The book is an expanded autobiography of the famous theoretical physicist Isaak Khalatnikov. He worked together with L.D. Landau at the Institute for Physical Problems lead by P.L. Kapitza. He is the co-author of L.D. Landau in a number of important works. They worked together in the frame of the so-called Nuclear Bomb Project. After the death of L.D. Landau, I.M. Khalatnikov initiated the establishment of the Institute for Theoretical Physics, named in honour of L.D. Landau, within the USSR Academy of Sciences. He headed this institute from the beginning as its Director. The institute inherited almost all traditions of the Landau scientific school and played a prominent role in the development of theoretical physics. So, this is a story about how the institute was created, how it worked, and about the life of the physicists in the "golden age" of the Soviet science. A separate chapter is devoted to today´s life of the institute and the young generation of physicists working now in science. It is an historic...
Shurinova Natalya Sergeevna
Full Text Available The article considers the possibility of distinct typology of theoretical approaches to autobiography represented in key works of national and foreign scientists. In particular, we are interested in the degree of formation of specific methodological associations, allowing to substantiate the autobiographical work of contemporary researchers in the works of certain authors. To highlight this issue, we have carried out a meta study, referring to the works of scholars such as G. Misch, S. A. de Saint-Beuve, J. Gyusdorf, J. Poole, G. Olney, Jean-Paul Sartre, M.M. Bakhtin, P. de Man, M. Bojur, F. Lejeune. At the end of the article, we conclude that a typology of approaches to autobiographical is possible only as conditional, it does not cover the whole variety of theoretical concepts in view of the existence of echoes between them, the need for a separate allocation of specific theories dealing with autobiographical, and interdisciplinary studies. In addition, this work considers a basic problem of theoretical research: the figure of the author’s biographical and autobiographical nature of narrative texts aggravate disputes between supporters of fiction of such works and supporters of the presence in them of the author’s subjectivity.
Full Text Available Caribbean literature exposes a history of dispossession, exploitation and oppression which has been neglected and often deliberately misinterpreted. In this article the destructive effects of colonization and slavery in Jamaica Kincaid's 1996 novel The Autobiography of My Mother are scrutinized thoroughly. The main objective of this research is to examine Kincaid's novel within the framework of postcolonial studies, in the light of Albert Memmi (2013 and Frantz Fanon's (2008 theories on the psychology of colonialism. Frantz Fanon argues that colonialism had brought together two opposing social orders doomed to coexist in everlasting tension; the colonizer's and the colonized's; these tensions cause the moral and spiritual deformity of an ideological system based on racism, oppression, and exploitation. In contrast to Fanon, Kincaid regards resistance and liberation in a quite different perspective. Instead of attempting to build a "new woman", Xuela refuses to accept the colonizer's views of those like her that lead to self-destruction and self-hatred. Instead, in order to survive, she confidently chooses self-love, albeit an almost grotesque and obsessive one. Kincaid uses Xuela's relationships with various characters to categorize the social types that Fanon describes in his writings—from Philip and his wife Moira as examples of the deformation of behavior caused by colonial social hierarchies to using mask as a metaphor for her manipulative father's mimicry of the oppressors. This research finds out that colonization and slavery have negative impact on both the colonizer and the colonized.
Full Text Available Die literarischen Genres Tagebuch, Essay und Autobiographie stehen zwischen Fakt und Fiktion und spiegeln eine spezifische Art der Relation von Erfahrung und Schreiben wider. Die Frage, inwieweit die Strategien, mit denen Authentizität sowohl in den erwähnten Genres als auch im Film und Musik als Darstellungseffekt erzielt wird, genderspezifisch sind, soll im Zentrum dieses interdisziplinär angelegten Sammelbandes stehen. In den im Band versammelten fünfzehn Beiträge wird untersucht, wie in den jeweiligen Gattungen die Wechselbeziehung zwischen Fakt und Fiktion die Rezeption der Leserin bzw. des Lesers und damit die Wahrnehmung – hier als soziale und individuelle Praxis verstanden – der dargestellten Realität mit strukturiert. Nur aus einzelnen Beiträgen ergibt sich dabei ein neuer methodischer Zugang zu Problemen der Autobiographik.The journal, essay, and autobiography are literary genres that each straddle fact and fiction and reflect a specific type of relationship between experience and writing. The interdisciplinary collected volume is centrally concerned with the question as to the gender specificity of strategies with which authenticity is achieved as an effect of representation in the afore mentioned genres as well as in film and in music. The authors of the fifteen contributions collected in this volume examine how, in each genre, the interrelation between fact and fiction helps to structure the reader’s reception and thus also perception – understood here as social and individual praxis – of the depicted reality. Only a few of the contributions offer up a new methodological approach to the problem of autobiography.
The beginnings of the autobiography and autoergography written by physicians are to be placed for the 16th and 17th century. An early example for this genre of literature which is always actual but in its valency also disputed is the self-evidence of the Halle surgeon Johann Dietz. Into the descriptions of his professional life many details of the events of his era were included. In his description chronicles of the speciality and witness of the time united themselves in a report which remained worth reading up to the present time.
Traise Yamamoto, a professor of English and a scholar of biographical studies, made the following remark in her book "Masking Selves, Making Subjects" (1999). She wrote, "Nisei (second-generation Japanese American) women's autobiographies are frustratingly un-autobiographical" (103). Yamamoto, who is a Japanese-American woman herself, saw the lack…
Woerkum, C.C.M. van
In writing her autobiographic trilogy "Le Labyrinthe du Monde" the French author Marguerite Yourcenar (1903-1987) constantly postpone writing about her own life. In stead of autobiography, she uses other genres such as family chronics, biography, essay or novel. Yourcenar refuses to reveal essential
Full Text Available The ‘confessional’ autobiography has become a popular variant of professional football autobiography in Britain. Co-written ‘autobiographies’ by prominent former emigrant Irish or Irish descended international footballers have featured prominently in this sub-genre. Their ‘confessions’ of alcoholism, gambling, infidelity, irresponsibility towards partners or dependents, or underlying ontological insecurity might be seen as an insightful engagement with their lives as male footballers in Britain. However, focusing on two autobiographies of Paul McGrath, and reading these ‘troubled’ accounts using psychoanalytic perspectives on sport, migration and masculinity, it is argued that they are contradictory texts which embody a peculiar variation on the emigrant “fugitive state of mind” (Davar, 1996, both approximating and deferring mature, reflexive engagement with the social and cultural construction of identity, allowing them to occupy a liminal but discontent imaginary space in which adolescent masculinity can be indefinitely extended. The homosocial world of men’s professional football is a key factor in this.
In 2003, biophysicist and Nobel Laureate Maurice Wilkins published his autobiography entitled The Third Man. In the preface, he diffidently points out that the title (which presents him as the 'third' man credited with the co-discovery of the structure of DNA, besides Watson and Crick) was chosen by his publisher, as a reference to the famous 1949 movie no doubt, featuring Orson Welles in his classical role as penicillin racketeer Harry Lime. In this paper I intend to show that there is much more to this title than merely its familiar ring. If subjected to a (psychoanalytically inspired) comparative analysis, multiple correspondences between movie and memoirs can be brought to the fore. Taken together, these documents shed an intriguing light on the vicissitudes of budding life sciences research during the post-war era. I will focus my comparative analysis on issues still relevant today, such as dual use, the handling of sensitive scientific information (in a moral setting defined by the tension between collaboration and competition) and, finally, on the interwovenness of science and warfare (i.e. the 'militarisation' of research and the relationship between beauty and destruction). Thus, I will explain how science autobiographies on the one hand and genres of the imagination (such as novels and movies) on the other may deepen our comprehension of tensions and dilemmas of life sciences research then and now. For that reason, science autobiographies can provide valuable input (case material) for teaching philosophy and history of science to science students.
Full Text Available The introductory article provides a conceptual background of the special issue of Methis focusing on the role of “life writing” (omaelulookirjutus in Estonian cultural history, examining it from the perspective of different disciplines and theoretical and critical frameworks. Functioning as an umbrella term for the issue, omaelulookirjutus is largely a synonym for the term “life writing”. While referring, in its widest usage, to a diverse body of texts that take life as its subject, the gradual adoption of the term life writing to refer both to a field of study and its subject also denotes a self-conscious turn away from a more narrow notion of autobiography. In European cultural contexts of a certain time period, autobiography conveys certain conceptions of the nature of truth and selfhood (the Enlightenment subject. Life writing, on the other hand, can be understood as a concept that facilitates a wide range of textual practises, both literary and nonliterary, that represent a diverse array of cultural contexts and categories of identity. The Estonian near equivalent of the term life writing, omaeluloolisus, is used with regard to the conceptualisation of the term by Jaan Kross, a canonical Estonian contemporary novelist in his Omaeluloolisus ja alltekst (Autobiographism and Subtext, 2003. Although mainly an attempt at constructing a systematic interpretational frame for the consideration of the trajectory of his own work, Kross’ observations have wider implications, addressing some central concerns of the development of Estonian life writing. Delineating a scale of manifestations of “the autobiographical” (omaeluloolisus in the literary work of an author and the autobiographical essence of language, Kross also makes visible its functioning and uses as a socio-politically charged entity in everyday contexts, in particular with regard to the experience of the Soviet regime. In its wide range of manifestation and application
Carlos Magno Santos Gomes
Full Text Available Este artigo defende a hipótese de que o romance As horas nuas (1989, de Lygia Fagundes Telles, apresenta um sofisticado jogo auto-referencial da obra dentro da obra. As cenas em que Rosa, a protagonista, tenta escrever suas memórias, mas é consumida peloalcoolismo, fortalecem as idéias de paródia e de descentramento estético, presentes nesse romance. Rosa narra e comenta a superficialidade de suas memórias até abandonar seu projeto de escrita, que pode ser lido como uma paródia das autobiografias. Essa hipótese será sustentada metodologicamente pelos conceitos pós-estruturalistas propostos por Jacques Derrida, que defende a escrita como jogo, remédio, veneno ou teatro, entre outrosconceitos. A partir dos suplementos estéticos da encenação de Rosa, o leitor, preocupado com o “como” a obra foi construída, descobre novos roteiros desse romance que se autoquestiona no próprio desenrolar da narrativa. Ao final, interpreta-se o silêncio de Rosa como uma crítica à superficialidade e ao narcisismo do gênero autobiográfico.This study defends the idea that the novel As horas nuas (1989, by Lygia Fagundes Telles, presents a sophisticated auto-referential game concerning the artistic production in itself. The scenes in which Rosa, the main character, tries to write her memories, but is absorbed by alcoholism, strengths the idea of parody and esthetic disorder in this novel. Rosa narrates and comments the superficiality of her memories until the moment that she abandons herwriting project, which can be read as a parody of autobiographies. This hypothesis is supported methodologically by the post-structuralism concepts proposed by Jacques Derrida, which defends the writing as a game, medicine, poison or theater, beyond other concepts. Using the esthetic supplements of Rosa’s staging, which narrates her memories to a recorder, the reader concerned about “how” the novel was built discovers new scripts of the novel that provokes
《富兰克林自传》讲述了本杰明·富兰克林成长和取得成功的经历，令人深受启发。加之平时通过观察和访谈得知在校大学生存在着诸多困惑，因此对《自传》及相关文献资料进行了仔细研读，从中概括出富兰克林两方面的处世策略，值得大学生学习和借鉴：一方面，出门在外时善于结交朋友，也善待朋友，于是获得朋友的支持而取得成功，书中有许多事例可以佐证；另一方面，当在家赋闲暇时坚持自学，广泛阅读，制订计划，完善个人的道德品质，《自传》中记载了具体的训练方法。研究表明，《自传》有利于大学生克服成长中的烦恼，树立正确的人生观，从而走向成功和成才之道。%Benjamin Franklin’s Autobiography elaborates on how Franklin grew and succeeded gradually, which is inspiring. Plus, leisurely chats with students and observation show that most college students are under bewilderment. Therefore, after researching into the Autobiography and its relevant articles, we may conclude two pieces of Franklin’s life experience which are worthwhile to imitate by college students: On the one hand, he makes friends easily with good intentions towards them, obtaining support from friends in the meantime, many friends’ names are mentioned in the Autobiography as examples. On the other hand, he enriches his knowledge by reading a lot and improves his principles by carrying out his self improvement plans, the detailed processes or methods are described clearly in the Autobiography. As it turns out, the Autobiography helps students to overcome worries, have correct life expectations, and make towards success.
Autobiographies: A Way to Explore Student-Teachers' Beliefs in a Teacher Education Program (Autobiografías: una forma de explorar las creencias de docentes en formación en un programa de Licenciatura en Inglés)
Durán Narváez, Norma Constanza; Lastra Ramírez, Sandra Patricia; Morales Vasco, Adriana María
Autobiographies depict with words life stories, personal experiences, and perceptions that allow researchers to deeply understand the way people see life, reflect, and construct meaning out of experiences. This article aims at describing the contributions of autobiographies as valuable resources in qualitative research when exploring people's…
Shannon, Mary T
Based on Lucy Grealy's memoir, Autobiography of a Face, this article explores the relationship between gender and illness in our culture, as well as the paradox of "intimacy without intimacy" in the clinical encounter. Included is a brief review of how authenticity, vulnerability, and mutual recognition of suffering can foster the kind of empathic doctor-patient relationship that Lucy Grealy sorely needed, but never received. As she says at the end of her memoir, "All those years I'd handed my ugliness over to people, and seen only the different ways it was reflected back to me."
On Military Memoirs. Soldier-authors, publishers, plots and motives. : A mixed-method study into military Afghanistan autobiographies from the US, the UK, Canada, Germany and the Netherlands published between 2001 and 2010.
L.H.E. Kleinreesink (Esmeralda)
markdownabstractSummary Although there are quite a few soldiers who write autobiographies about their deployment experiences, a comprehensive profile does not exist that provides reliable, quantifiable insight into 21st century soldier-authors that exceeds the Anglo-American view, especially when
Full Text Available In the late 16th century two interesting individuals made substantial contributions to the relatively new genre of the autobiography. In 1595 Bartholomäus Sastrow (1520–1603, a north German burgher, notary, diplomat, and eventually burgomeister of the Hanseatic City of Stralsund, penned his life story. Benvenuto Cellini (1500–1571, goldsmith, soldier, musician and famous Renaissance artist from Florence, wrote his memoir between 1558 and 1563. Though they were born twenty years apart, both men had similar backgrounds. Both were from the lower-middle strata of society but rose to high status, both were widely traveled and directly acquainted with the most powerful individuals of their time (as well as some of the most lowly and both experienced firsthand some of the most dramatic and important political and military events of the mid-16th century.
Anderson Bastos Martins
Full Text Available This essay looks into two different approaches to autobiography as aninstrument of critical reading of literary texts. Firstly, one will examine how the typology of autofiction established by Vincent Colonna may be of use in an analysis of the way Salman Rushdie has brought his own biography into his novel Midnight’s Children in an attempt to address both his Indian-based readers and the community of diasporic Indians and postcolonial critics living overseas. Secondly, the concept of the literary self-portrait, developed by Michel Beaujour, will be employed as a reading tool in an analysis of how V.S. Naipaul’s autobiography has served the writer as a starting point in his metafictionalization of his own writing career.Este ensaio investiga duas abordagens diferentes de autobiografia, enquanto instrumento para leitura crítica de textos literários. Em primeiro lugar, será examinado como a tipologia da autoficção estabelecida por Vincent Colonna pode ser útil à análise daforma com que Salman Rushdie carreou sua própria biografia para o interior de seu romance Midnight’s Children numa tentativa de dirigir-se tanto a seus leitores, em território indiano, como à comunidade de indianos diaspóricos e críticos pós-coloniais que vivem no exterior. Em segundo lugar, o conceito de auto-retrato literário, desenvolvido por Michel Beaujour, será empregado como instrumento de leitura numa análise de como a autobiografia de V. S. Naipaul serviu a este escritor como ponto de partida para a metaficcionalização de sua própria carreira literária.
Throughout his distinguished career, Patrick Moore has, without a doubt, done more to raise the profile of astronomy among the British public than any other figure in the scientific world. As the presenter of The Sky at Night on BBC television for nearly 50 years he was honored with an OBE in 1968 and a CBE in 1988. In 2001 he was knighted 'for services to the popularisation of science and to broadcasting'. The BBC first aired The Sky at Night in April 1957 and it is now in the record books as the world's longest running TV series with the same presenter. He is also the author of over 60
Students will work in groups to read and analyze fairy tales, brainstorm for events in their lives that could be changed into fairy tales, develop setting, characters, and plot for their fairy tale, write, illustrate, and compile their fairy tales into group books. During ten 45-minute lessons, students will: choose three fairy tales and read them…
Full Text Available Lilli Suburg (1841-1923 is an author in Estonian literary and cultural history who is not well researched, though her literary output is sufficiently large and her manuscript heritage many-sided, casting light on the little known aspects of her work and activity. Suburg was active in very different fields: she is known as a writer, journalist, feminist and educator. Her literary work is diverse and prolific; she wrote short stories, children’s stories, journalistic texts as well as philosophical essays. In Suburg’s work the autobiographical element plays a significant role, so that we can say that throughout her whole life she wrote her own autobiography, albeit using different forms. In this article, I example specifically the autobiography written by Lilli Suburg (1841-1923 entitled Minu saatusega võitluskäik (My Fight is my Destiny (1914, with the aim of introducing the text to the modern reader and analysing its content and peculiarities. As the text was published almost a hundred years ago, it deserves to be read anew and given a fresh interpretation from a modern point of view. The text certainly adds some new aspects to understanding Lilli Suburg’s life and activity; in the article I will analyse how Suburg looks at herself and her life and the reasons why she chose to write an autobiography with a feminist emphasis. The autobiography was published in the magazine Naiste Töö ja Elu (Women’s Work and Life in 1914 and to date it is the first and only feminist autobiography in Estonia. As Suburg had been a contributor to the magazine since its foundation in 1911, it provided a forum where she was able to share her feminist ideas and worldview with the readers. The magazine’s readers were understanding and supportive of feminist ideas, and the magazine’s focus was on women’s issues and women’s interests, the contributors being the leading women of the time. In her autobiography Suburg gives an overview of her life
Full Text Available Comme c’est le cas dans l’ensemble du monde arabe, les autobiographies politiques yéménites contemporaines ont connu un véritable essor depuis les années 1980, et peuvent constituer des sources documentaires que l’historien ne saurait négliger. S’insérant dans le cadre d’une étude plus large sur la façon dont la présence ottomane (1872-1918 a été perçue au Yémen avant et après le retrait ottoman, cet article montre cependant combien cette partie de l’histoire yéménite est encombrante dans la mémoire des acteurs de la révolution républicaine de 1962. Le credo de l’indépendance acquise contre la vilénie turque, thème que l’imamat contemporain (1904-1962 a su habilement partager avec l’idéologie nationaliste arabe dont se sont réclamés les révolutionnaires, aura sans doute créé un paradoxe insurmontable. Les quelques neuf auteurs d’autobiographie ici recensés, tous anciens révolutionnaires, font en effet preuve d’une amnésie particulière lorsqu’ils relatent leur parcours et celui de leur père, limitant la présence ottomane à un simple élément du décor historique. L’article interroge donc les non dits et les oublis des auteurs, et explore les mécanismes du récit autobiographique pour montrer que les indices d’une autre histoire peuvent apparaître dans ses marges, lorsque la cohérence de l’histoire familiale et de l’expérience individuelle n’est pas en jeu : la mémoire se heurte à l’histoire, où le modèle ottoman a permis, au Yémen, d’imaginer un autre avenir.As is the case all over the Arab World, contemporary Yemeni political autobiographies have been booming ever since the 80's, and can be used as a source for material which no historian should overlook. Part of a broader study on how the Ottoman presence (1872-1918 was perceived, both before and after pulling out of Yemen, this article however shows how "cumbersome" this part of Yemen's history can be in the
Full Text Available The aim of this study was to explore the meaning of suffering and relief from suffering as described in autobiographies by tourists who experienced the tsunami on 26 December 2004 and lost loved ones. A lifeworld approach, inspired by the French philosopher Merleau-Ponty's phenomenology of perception, was chosen for the theoretical framework. This catastrophe totally changed the survivors’ world within a moment. In this new world, there were three main phases: the power of remaining focused, a life of despair, and the unbearable becoming bearable. Life turns into a matter of making the unbearable bearable. Such challenging experiences are discussed in terms of the philosophy of Weil, Jaspers, and Merleau-Ponty. The survivors of the tsunami catastrophe were facing a boundary situation and “le malheur,” the unthinkable misfortune. Even at this lowest level of misfortune, joy is possible to experience. This is part of the survivors’ ambivalent experiences of their lifeworld. In this world of the uttermost despair there are also rays of hope, joy, and new life possibilities.
Roxberg, Asa; Sameby, Jessica; Brodin, Sandra; Fridlund, Bengt; da Silva, António Barbosa
The aim of this study was to explore the meaning of suffering and relief from suffering as described in autobiographies by tourists who experienced the tsunami on 26 December 2004 and lost loved ones. A lifeworld approach, inspired by the French philosopher Merleau-Ponty's phenomenology of perception, was chosen for the theoretical framework. This catastrophe totally changed the survivors' world within a moment. In this new world, there were three main phases: the power of remaining focused, a life of despair, and the unbearable becoming bearable. Life turns into a matter of making the unbearable bearable. Such challenging experiences are discussed in terms of the philosophy of Weil, Jaspers, and Merleau-Ponty. The survivors of the tsunami catastrophe were facing a boundary situation and "le malheur," the unthinkable misfortune. Even at this lowest level of misfortune, joy is possible to experience. This is part of the survivors' ambivalent experiences of their lifeworld. In this world of the uttermost despair there are also rays of hope, joy, and new life possibilities.
《富兰克林自传》是一部优秀传记文学作品，详细叙述了富兰克林一生的成长、发展、成功以及他所做的公益事业和对社会的贡献。仔细研读《自传》中的生存文化，挖掘人生生存与发展的要义，有利于个人与社会的发展。就一个大学来说，我们能从《自传》这本书中找出大学发展的路径，因为几乎每一个人，无论是大学生、教师、还是大学领导人，都能从他身上借鉴一些生存启示。%"The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin",an excellent biographical literature book,elaborates clearly how Frank-lin grew,developed,succeeded and what public welfare services and contributions he did to the society.Reading "The Autobi-ography of Benjamin Franklin"thoroughly and gaining Benjamin Franklin's life experience or living principles helps our person-al development and social progress.As far as an ordinary college is concerned,its development secrets and problem resolutions may be found out from "The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin",as all persons,including college students,teachers and leaders,we can learn some living skills from Franklin.
Cecilia Cavalieri França
Full Text Available Autobiografias musicais constituem um recurso terapêutico eloqüente a respeito de como os indivíduos definem a si mesmos, auxiliando a (reconstrução da identidade e contribuindo para a melhoria da qualidade de vida de portadores de Esclerose Múltipla. Oito pacientes adultos sob acompanhamento no Centro de Investigação em Esclerose Múltipla (CIEM - UFMG, selecionaram entre 10 a 15 músicas significativas em sua vida, a respeito das quais discorreram em entrevista aberta. Os dados foram analisados qualitativamente segundo categorias criadas pelo musicoterapeuta norueguês Even RUDD (1998, que visam revelar como o indivíduo expressa suas identidades pessoal, social, temporal e transpessoal. Submetidos a tratamento quantitativo, os dados indicaram que, através da sua história musical, os pacientes aumentaram a percepção dos sentimentos e sensações corporais, expressaram-se de maneiras alternativas e ativaram memórias afetivas, contextualizando-as e adquirindo um senso de continuidade da vida.Musical autobiographies consist a powerful therapeutic tool through which individuals define themselves, helping in the (reconstruction of their identities and in enhancing quality of life of Multiple Sclerosis patients. Eight adult patients under treatment in the Research Centre for Multiple Sclerosis (CIEM - UFMG, selected 10 to 15 significant pieces of music in their lives, after which they narrated in open interview. The data collected were submitted to the music therapist Even RUDD (1998 categories, which reveal how the person expresses his personal, social, temporal and transpersonal identities. The quantitative treatment indicate that, through their musical history, patients could better the perception of their feelings and body awareness, they could express themselves through alternative ways and activated affective memories, contextualizing them and achieving a sense of continuity of life.
Alessandra Matias Querido
Full Text Available No artigo são discutidos conceitos de autorrepresentação e identidade e as relações entre o autorretrato e a autobiografia. A discussão é feita por meio de uma análise comparativa entre o livro Quarto de despejo, de Carolina Maria de Jesus, e os autorretratos de Frida Kahlo.The aim of this article is to discuss the concepts of self-representation and identity, as well as the relation between self-portrait and autobiography. The discussion based on the comparative analysis of the book Quarto de Despejo by Carolina Maria de Jesus and Frida Kahlo's self-portraits.
Full Text Available En aquest article es proposa i analitza les autobiografies d’infància, subgènere emergent en la literatura, com a documents literaris, socials i culturals privilegiats per a l’estudi de la formació de la sociabilitat dels infants transculturals. Davant de les demandes educatives que comporta el fenomen de la globalització, la teoria de l’educació pot servir-se d’una metodologia qualitativa basada en l’estudi d’aquestes obres literàries per mostrar de manera més clara les preocupacions i problemes que presenten aquests infants. En aquest article s’estudien alguns indicadors de la sociabilitat, com la família, el joc, o el grup d’iguals a través de l’anàlisi de vàries autobiografies. _________________________________ Dans cet article, nous proposons et nous analysons les autobiographies d’enfance, sous-genre émergent dans la littérature, en tant que documents littéraires, sociaux et culturels privilégiés pour l’étude de la formation de la sociabilité des jeunes enfants transculturels. Face aux demandes éducatives que comporte le phénomène de la mondialisation, la théorie de l’éducation peut se servir d’une méthodologie qualitative basée sur l’étude de ces oeuvres littéraires afin de montrer de manière plus claire les préoccupations ainsi que les problèmes que présentent ces jeunes enfants. Dans cet article, nous étudions quelques indicateurs de la sociabilité, els que la famille, le jeu, ou le groupe de pairs, au travers de l’analyse de diverses autobiographies.This paper analyses children’s autobiographies, an emerging sub-genre. They are privileged literary, social and cultural documents for the study of the development of the sociability of transcultural children. As a response to the educational challenges of globalization, education theory can apply a qualitative methodology based on the study of these literary works to present clearly the concerns and problems of these children
Reports a teachers' conversation group that was part of a course in a Japanese as a second language teacher education program. Explains the rationale for using this format and quotes part of a story one student wrote and two stories told by other students on a theme in the written story. Relates these two stories to histories of students'…
This article examines the evolution of gazetteer [a peculiar Chinese genre of officially supervised local history writing] work in the Northeastern city of Harbin. It is a study of the interaction of politics, bureaucracy, and historical work at the local level in contemporary China, and it points...
作者署名为“洛桑然巴”的作品《第三只眼睛》曾被西方人视为了解西藏的权威性著作。但是这部“西藏喇嘛的自传”因作者虚构的藏人身份导致其“事实的真实”基础被拆解，但在另一方面，这部作品“叙述的真实”却往往使读者落入“事实的真实”的陷阱，其深层原因就在于这部作品虚构的神秘的西藏形象切合了西方社会对西藏的集体想象。%The Third Eye signed by Lobsang Ramba has ever been an authoritative autobiography for the West to un- derstand the Tibet. But this "Tibetan Lama' s autobiography" was deconstructed by the fictitious Tibetan identity of the author. On the one hand the reader queries the authenticity of this autobiography, but on the other hand, "the authenticity of narration" of the work traps the reader into "the authenticity of fact". The underlying reason is that the fictional mysterious image of Tibet in this work fits the Western social collective imagination of Tibet in many ways.
Full Text Available L´autobiographie est a priori le règne du « Je », mais dans Trame d´enfance, la romancière allemande Christa Wolf évoque son enfance et son adolescence sans recours à la première personne. L´instance narrative se scinde en un « elle » pour désigner l´enfant-personnage et un « tu » pour le sujet écrivant. Ce dispositif narratif invite à la comparaison avec Enfance de Nathalie Sarraute. Les deux textes font entrer la démarche autobiographique dans l´« ère du soupçon » et éclater l´unité fallacieuse du « Je ».As a genre, autobiography is the natural domain of the first-person narrative, but in Patterns of childhood, the German novelist Christa Wolf relates her childhood and adolescence without ever recurring to the first person. The narrator is split into the third-person “she”, to refer to the child as a character of the narrative, and the “you” of the second person singular to refer to the writer. This narrative set-up invites a comparison with Nathalie Sarraute’s Childhood. Both texts destroy the fallacious unity of the first-person narrative, thus placing the autobiographical genre in our “age of suspicion”.La autobiografía es, a priori, el reino del "Yo", sin embargo, la escritora alemana Christa Wolf evoca en la novela Trama de infancia su infancia y su adolescencia sin recurrir a la primera persona. La instancia narrativa se escinde en un "ella" para designar al niño-personaje y un "tú" para referirse al sujeto que escribe. Este dispositivo narrativo invita a compararlo con el libro Infancia de Nathalie Sarraute. Ambos textos consiguen que este procedimiento autobiográfico entre en la “era de la sospecha” y que se fragmente la unidad falaz del "Yo".
Tiina Ann Kirss
Full Text Available In 1924, renowned Estonian author August Kitzberg (1855-1927, whose “village tales”, plays, and journalistic pieces had been favourite reading material among the people for some 50 years, published his autobiography, entitled Ühe vana “tuuletallaja” noorpõlve mälestused (”An Old Windhover’s Memories of Youth”. Ostensibly, as Kitzberg claims in his foreword, the text was never meant to be published, and constituted his attempt, in 1916, to write “something like a family chronicle”. Compositionally heteroclite, Kitzberg’s life story is a sampling of a wide range of narrative strategies and styles, always hovering on the borders of written and oral discourse and not pretending to achieve stringent coherence. This is by no means to deny the text its “artfulness”: its very rusticality and simplicity is an effective ruse. Skilfully manoeuvring a ”tailor’s needle,” the author threads the piecework of his own life story into the heftier canvas of “History” (recalling the subtitle of Märt Mitt’s life story from the 1870s. More importantly, Kitzberg’s text is authored by a consummate journalist who astutely and deliberately makes visible broader dynamics driving social and cultural history in Estonia in the second half of the 19th century. ”The windhover” as autobiographical persona thus complements the public figure of the author, who had made his mark in the world of Estonian letters through his journalism, literary criticism, and theatre, as well as his original prose. In this paper I argue that Kitzberg’s autobiography is a foundation text of a ”national” autobiographical canon, and explore the implications of that statement. First, Kitzberg’s “Windhover” offered a formal “sampler” for narrative techniques at the threshold of oral and written culture. Also, the text makes visible models for telling a life: behind Kitzberg’s text one senses his own reading culture, which includes
沃尔特·迪安·迈尔斯是美国非裔青少年、儿童文学的重要作家。其小说《我死去兄弟的自传》用现实主义的手法描绘了美国非裔青少年的现实生存景象。小说主角从成长道路的选择到生与死的洗礼、从成长的迷惘到走向坚定的生存信念的过程，深刻地揭示了美国非裔青少年的生存之道。小说略显残酷的情节，体现了美国非裔青少年小说的共性，建构了青少年群体主体性。%Walter Dean Myers is one of the key authors of African-American adolescent and children′s literature.The realistic survival of the African-American adolescents were described with realism in his fiction Autobiography of My Dead Brother.The survival of the hero in the fiction is fully disclosed in the process from the choices and confusion in the growth to the firm belief of survival.The some-what cruel plot shows the commonality in African-American adolescence fictions and the adolescent subjectivity is constructed.
WANG Meng and politics are closely bound together. Going deeply into the society and being fond of vatiedness, he reflects on the intelligentsia＇s character in the era of the May Fourth Movement, the fate of men in political distress, politics of the officialdom, and the songs of those returning in the 70s. He ponders on the responsibilities of literature, absorbed in reforming novel＇s forms. He challenges and enriches realism with his impure realism. His unique parallel sentences have revolutionary signifi- cance. As a thinker, WANG Meng interprets the thinking and his autobiography is the sublimation of the process.%王蒙与政治的关系如胶似漆：他入世极深,钟爱杂色,透彻反思五四时代知识分子性格、政治落难者命运、官场政治和70年代末＂归来者＂的歌;他思考文学的担当,热衷小说的形式变革,他以不纯粹的现代主义,挑战又丰富了现实主义,他的＂王式大排比句＂独具语言革命的意义。王蒙是一名＂醒客＂（thinker）,他以作品诠释了＂醒＂的过程。王蒙自传是＂醒＂的升华。
This paper used the method of descriptive linguistics and mainly discusses about the number category of nouns in the Autobiography of the Khojas, the number category of nouns the Chagatay Uighur a manuscript written in 18th century. The author describes language in that period of time.%用描写语言学的方法,对于18世纪的察哈台维吾尔文文献《和卓传》（Tzkir-zizn）中出现的名词的数范畴进行语法分析,以便展现出同时代察哈台维吾尔语文献语言名词的数范畴及其特征。
马克.吐温的自传与其创作的小说之间存在着纪实与虚构的互应关系。他的不少小说都具有明显的黑色幽默元素,从自传《马克.吐温回忆录》来看,吐温小说黑色幽默特点形成的原因主要包括四个方面：既充满欢乐又存在隐忧的童年生活,使其形成了独特的个性和思想;几位亲人的相继离去,逐渐改变了吐温对世事人生的看法,形成其幽默创作中的悲剧潜流;晚年生活的不幸,强化了他的悲观主义世界观;喜爱阅读自然科学书籍,也对形成其创作中的黑色幽默产生影响。%Mark Twain＇s autobiography and fiction echo each other.Some of his novels and stories possess black humor features.Deducing from The Autobiography of Mark Twain,we could find almost four contributing factors.Firstly,Twain＇s childhood is very happy and also has latent misery,which helps to form his peculiar personality and thought.Secondly,the deaths of several family members change his views on world and people step by step,and force him to add the tragic ingredient into his humor fiction.Thirdly,the misfortunes in his old age strengthen his pessimistic world outlook.Fourthly,he likes reading natural science books,which helps the formation of black humor features in his writing.
along the Chao Phraya River . Just after I was born, my father took me and my mother to live with my aunt and her family. Unfortunately, the mill...at the Wat Nuan Noradit School. But I took the entrance test to attend secondary school at the Ban Somdet Chao Phraya School. Others attended that...went out of business when the owner, Phraya Choduk, died. After that, we each went our separate ways. My aunt moved to Manorom, and our family moved
Full Text Available It could be argued that an important feature of Richard Murphy’s work, and of his identity as a poet is the relationship between the creative self and a particular place, where ‘place’ should be understood as referring not just to physical qualities of the natural environment, but in a broader sense to denote an environment in which everything is interrelated and connected, and in which there is no sharp division between the natural and the human. The landscape providing inspiration for Murphy’s poetic imagination is the landscapes and seascapes of Connemara in north-west Ireland. In 1959 he settled in this environment which was to be his base for the next 20 years and from this period and this location emanated the bulk of his poetic oeuvre. For Murphy committing to a life of writing poetry necessarily means being in the Connemara landscape. Returning to this environment in adulthood represents a quest for recovering childhood feelings, of belonging and love, as connected to particular places. Murphy’s Connemara poems could be read as an account of this process of re-placement, as a type of autobiographical text in which the artist creates a ‘double portrait’: in writing about the landscape he also writes about himself, creating a place-portrait which is, at the same time, a self-portrait.
United States, literature, Benjamin Franklin, Olaudah Equino, Davy Crockett, Black Hawk, Harriet Robinson, Frederick Douglass, Harriet Jacobs, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Ulysses S. Grant, Tunis Gulic Campbell......United States, literature, Benjamin Franklin, Olaudah Equino, Davy Crockett, Black Hawk, Harriet Robinson, Frederick Douglass, Harriet Jacobs, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Ulysses S. Grant, Tunis Gulic Campbell...
American literature, biography, Tunis Campbell, Black Elk, Andrew Carnegie, Booker T. Washington, Mary Antin, Mary Jones, Frederic Howe, Anna Howard Shaw, Woody Guthrie, Monica Sone, Anne Moody, Ron Kovic......American literature, biography, Tunis Campbell, Black Elk, Andrew Carnegie, Booker T. Washington, Mary Antin, Mary Jones, Frederic Howe, Anna Howard Shaw, Woody Guthrie, Monica Sone, Anne Moody, Ron Kovic...
Biography versus Fiction or the Value of Testimony in Jacobs’s and Stowe’s Narratives about Slavery (Autobiographie contre fiction ou la valeur du témoignage dans les récits d’esclavages de Jacobs et de Stowe
Full Text Available Cette étude comparée a pour projet de souligner les différences culturelles qui existent entre deux genres littéraires de la période antebellum : les récits d’esclaves et la fiction abolitionniste. Via l’approche d’extraits de textes tirés de l’autobiographie d’Harriet Jacobs Incidents in the Life of A Slave Girl, écrite sous le pseudonyme de Linda Brent et du roman de Harriet Beecher-Stowe Uncle Tom’s Cabin, nous soulignerons le témoignage historique commun qui ressort de ces deux textes. Bien que d’essence et de sources différentes, ces deux récits – celui de l’ancienne esclave et celui de l’intellectuelle blanche – offrent une image authentique de l’histoire américaine d’avant guerre civile essentielle et dénoncent le même fléau: l’esclavage.
Vincent, Daniel E.
This qualitative study explores the experiences of a science teacher as he seeks to understand the foundations of his pedagogy, his view of learning, and his role as a teacher. By using the autobiographical style of currere, the author investigates the significant events of his educational journey and describes the transformation that occurred while teaching science in secondary schools. The author discovers how his instructional methods were intimately linked to his perception of the content and nature of science, how his interactions with others within a learning community challenged him to grow professionally, and how his educational metaphors helped him make sense of teaching, learning, and life. By telling his story, the author/researcher was able to use his transformed notions of how people learn to construct personal meaning about his own educational foundations and pedagogical perspectives, and in turn, give others a story within which they might find their own personal meaning.
Full Text Available This close reading of the text highlights how Miss Jane, in her double role as protagonist and narrator, shows considerable ambivalence towards friend and foe alike, with the result that the apparently transparent ideological meaning of entire episodes is blurred by what some critics have merely put down to “conservatism.” I examine Miss Jane’s almost constant suppression of emotion, and frequent displays of ambivalence towards other black people; her ambiguous relationship to oppressive, but familiar whites like Albert Cluveau or Robert Samson; and her conflicted relation to black heroes and heroics. Is the leading character a variation on the “mammy” who has internalized racist figures of speech, and uses contradictory images that undermine black heroics and validate white oppression? Or is Gaines’s point to undo the “retrick” of heroics and of alienation alike, and, against of backdrop of constant, ordinary destruction of black lives, to cast the adult Miss Jane as a Brer Rabbit-like figure, for whom survival and resistance are both dialectically connected and opposed? Is there a contradiction between her “progress” towards resistance shown in the last section, and her metadiscursive comments in the present, and does her literally walking out of her own story give a conclusive meaning to her narrative, or does it point to the author’s not having been able to resolve the ambivalence and ambiguities within the text?
Full Text Available After having tried for some time to overview the contemporary field of qualitative research to give a lecture for a professorship in that area, my idea at the outset of writing this article was to address whether changes in qualitative research should be viewed as recurrent revolutions as highlighted by Denzin and Lincoln (2000; 2005, or as a field of continuing key themes and long-standing tensions, as conceptualized by Atkinson, Coffey and Delamont (2003. However, during my writing, after one detour into the May 2009 issue of Current Sociology and a second detour into the July 2009 issue of Qualitative Research, my attention focused on to how critical debate and review are displayed in different methodological positions of qualitative research. In my reading, the discussion in Current Sociology between main stream and postmodern methodological positioning revealed an utterly one-way feminist critique; this was also the case in one of three book reviews of The Handbook of Qualitative Research (Denzin and Lincoln, 2005 in the referred issue of Qualitative Research. My puzzle over this critical stance, and my third detour, into Yvonne Lincoln’s discussion of twenty-five years of qualitative and new paradigm research in the January 2010 Issue of Qualitative Inquiry, helped evolve the following notes on a methodological discussion. The notes are partly structured by a temporal narrative over personally lived qualitative research, and partly by an epistemological narrative of a methodological discussion, interwoven with the passing of time when writing.
This paper introduces "rhizocurrere", a curriculum autobiographical concept I created to chart my efforts to develop place-responsive outdoor environmental education. "Rhizocurrere" brings together "rhizome", a Deleuze and Guattari concept, with currere, Pinar's autobiographical method for curriculum inquiry.…
How might gay and lesbian literature be read not as a mimetic representation of homosexuality, but as an activity linked to problems of subjectivity and historiography? Reading Dale Peck's novel Martin and John alongside passages from Friedrich Nietzsche's "On the Uses and Disadvantages of History for Life" and Sigmund Freud's "Mourning and Melancholia," this essay argues for an understanding of Peck's text as an attempt to link two apparently different processes of import to contemporary gay male subjects in particular: the writing of what Nietzsche terms "critical history," and the mourning of those lost to HIV disease. It concludes by linking Martin and John to feminist critiques of identity and traditional historiography, as well as noting the connection between these two critiques.
Full Text Available The project for this issue started in a questioning about the possible bridges between poetry today and Romantic poetry. How to think beyond the now consensual but also constructed oppositions that helped the Modernists define themselves against their anxiety-inducing immediate predecessors? In the line of Marjorie Perloff’s 21st-Century Modernism, one is urged to this re-reading of the 19th and of the 20th and 21st centuries. Thus comes to be examined one of the major post-Romantic assessmen...
de Mijolla, A
Freud has a dual attitude to the biographical genre. When he places himself in the position of psychoanalyst-biographer of others, he is enthusiastic, speaking of ground to be conquered for psychoanalysis, and his works, as well as his correspondence, show that he continued to devote himself to investigations which resulted in interpretations of a number of personalities, the most detailed of which dealt with Leonardo de Vinci, Goethe, Dostoyevsky, President Wilson, and Moses. On the other hand, even though during the first years of the discovery of psychoanalysis he allowed himself, in a more or less veiled manner, confidences of an autobiographical nature, Freud remained very secretive about himself. He limited himself to making public only the routine information found on his university resume or the details of his life directly related to the discovery and the development of psychoanalysis. Hidden behind die Sache, the Cause, the man always vigorously defended himself against those who, braving the periodical destruction to which he subjected his archives, claimed to apply to him this "investigative drive" whose heuristic richness he otherwise celebrated. It is by means of fantasies of identification to the work, present in every biographical attempt, that we attempt to address here the contradictions of this dual attitude.
After having tried for some time to overview the contemporary field of qualitative research to give a lecture for a professorship in that area, my idea at the outset of writing this article was to address whether changes in qualitative research should be viewed as recurrent revolutions as highlighted by Denzin and Lincoln (2000; 2005), or as a field of continuing key themes and long-standing tensions, as conceptualized by Atkinson, Coffey and Delamont (2003). However, during my writing, after...
Full Text Available In his recently published book, Clive Christie argues that Socialism, Marxism and Communism played a crucial role as weapons for Southeast Asian leaders in their fight against colonialism and as frameworks for them to run the newly independent nations. He also realizes that other ideologies such as those based on religion, which were older in terms of their coming into the region than the above-mentioned Western-originated ideologies, especially Islam in the Malay world and Confucianism and Buddhism in the Indo-China and Burma, also played a similarly important role. However, he provides only a dim analysis of the extremely intricate relationship between these types of ideology, especially between Marxism and Islam in the thought of leaders of movements such as the Islamic Union (Sarekat Islam or SI in the then Dutch East Indies. Most probably for reasons of space, he makes only a slight, insignificant reference to SI.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v9i1.675
Full Text Available Este trabalho estuda relatos escritos da Primeira Guerra Mundial (1914-1918 através de uma análise da classificação do gênero e as estratégicas narrativas usadas por escritores clássicos e contemporâneos britânicos e canadenses. Verifica-se que as narrativas mais recentes incluem muitos temas importantes da literatura clássica bem como outros novos, de acordo com as mudanças sociais que tem ocorrido desde então. Na metodologia, os relatos contemporâneos mostram diferenças significativas da obra clássica, uma vez que aquelas tratem da questão de que como um evento que não se lembre mais possa ser recuperado ou reconstruído.
Full Text Available The article is a brief analysis of the work by Marguerite Yourcenar, the famous French woman writer, the author of Memories of Hadrien, her first international success from the early 1950s. The objective of the article is to contextualize the novel into a literary sub-genre and define its formal originality within the memoir genre in the epistolary form. The mixture of the novel, memories, correspondence and poetry creates a kind of polygraphism.
Alan R. Velie
Full Text Available Grâce aux efforts de chercheurs tels que Sally McCluskley et Michael Castro dans les années 1970, l’authenticité du récit Black Elk Speaks a commencé à être mise en doute. Bien qu’il ne s’agisse pas là d’une escroquerie, au même titre que d’autres ouvrages du même type, il s’avère que Neihardt a volontairement tronqué la vie de Black Elk de quarante années après la conversion du chaman au christianisme. La vie de Black Elk mérite un bien meilleur traitement que la vision mythique ainsi présentée par Neihardt. C’est ce que cet article entend démontrer.
L’ouverture et la constitution d’archives diverses (celles du Kommintern, de la Stasi ou encore des partis communistes occidentaux) ont permis, depuis 1991, de renouveler notre connaissance du monde communiste et, plus particulièrement, de l’usage des pratiques biographiques et autobiographiques qui caractérise le fonctionnement de l’URSS, de l’Internationale communiste et des différents partis communistes (notamment français et italien). C’est dans cette perspective que s’inscrit l’ouvrage d...
Félix Díaz; Natalia Solano Pinto; Irene Solbes
In this article, we propose a qualitative approach to the study of the ways in which people face good and poor health issues. During the last 30 years, Prochaska and DiClemente's "trans-theoretical model" (1982, 1983, 1984, 1986, 1992) has gained relevance as a model to assess disposition for change in patients. We revise the features of the model and its common techniques to assess stages of change, underlining its methodological and conceptual problems. Particularly, we discuss the paradoxe...
Full Text Available La parution de manuscrits inédits de Marguerite Duras, en 2006, Les Cahiers de la guerre et autres textes, en même temps qu’elle met en lumière le processus de la création littéraire chez cette auteure, éclaire d’un jour nouveau l’appartenance générique du texte publié en 1984 et qui lui vaudra le prix Goncourt, L’Amant. Le premier cahier, le Cahier rose marbré, permet, en outre, de réfléchir aux relations complexes qui se tissent entre le roman des origines, le ro-man autobiographique Un barrage contre le Pacifique, L’Amant, présenté par l’auteure elle-même comme autobiographique et l’œuvre fictionnelle.
Independence was a core value of the movement for disability rights. People with disabilities did not have to be dependent, advocates claimed; they were robbed of autonomy by poverty, social prejudice, and architectural barriers. Recently, critics have noted that the emphasis on independence equates personhood with autonomy, reason, and self-awareness, thereby excluding those who are incapable of self-determination. The stigma of dependency is communicated to caregivers whose work is devalued and undercompensated. These values are echoed in the life writing of people with disabilities, which tends to present a singular narrative voice, even when the author requires assistance in the physical or intellectual work of composition. The 1979 Mexican memoir-testimonio Gaby Brimmer, collaboratively authored by the acclaimed journalist Elena Poniatowska, Brimmer, her mother, and her paid caregiver is a notable exception. Consisting of interwoven dialogue among its three informants, Gaby Brimmer enacts dependency at the level of form, while exploring the challenges and opportunities of interdependence in societies that devalue the giving and receiving of care.
Grotti, Vanessa Elisa; Brightman, Marc
Shamanic knowledge is based on an ambiguous commensality with invisible others. As a result, shamans oscillate constantly between spheres of intimacy, both visible and invisible. A place of power and transformation, the spirit world is rarely described by native interlocutors in an objective, detached way; rather, they depict it in terms of events and experiences. Instead of examining the formal qualities of accounts of the spirit world through analyses of ritual performance and shamanic quests, we focus on life histories as autobiographical accounts in order to explore what they reveal about the relationship between personal history (and indigenous historicity) and the spirit world. We introduce the term 'double reflexivity' to refer to processes by which narratives about the self are produced through relationships with alterity.
Describes the drawings of an autistic 8-year-old boy and investigates the role of art in his life considering art's relationship, by style and content, to his emotional and daily experiences. Indicates his four distinct drawing styles along with what these styles suggest about art's narrative qualities and its meaning-making possibilities. (CMK)
Morehouse, Maggi M.
In simple terms, diaspora can be defined as the identity community that is formed when people move. Although the term African Diaspora seems relatively new, a number of 20th century scholars have utilized a diasporic framework to explain the commonalities among people of African descent around the world. The earliest scholars did not use the term;…
Rodríguez Mourelo, Belén
En el presente ensayo se examina la tradición autobiográfica afro-americana. Las narrativas de esclavos establecieron la forma y contenido de los escritos afro-americanos mediante una serie de caracteristicas que condujeron a la expresión de identidad racial. Estas características, tras un período de crisis literaria coincidente con el cambio de siglo, fueron recuperadas y potenciadas de distintas formas por un grupo de artistas que formaron parte de lo que ha venido en denominarse "Harlem...
Smorti, Andrea; Risaliti, Francesco; Pananti, Bianca; Cipriani, Valentina
The aim of the present study was to explore how the autobiographical process can lead to a transformation in the quality of psychiatric patients' self-narrative. Fifteen participants, with ages ranging from 25 to 40 years and affected by axis I psychiatric disorders (DSM IV), were selected to participate. A 10-question interview referring to 10 autobiographical cruxes was used to collect autobiographical data; the interview was readministered 2 weeks later. A coding system (the N.O.I.S.) was used to analyze each participant's 2 autobiographical productions. Results from the second interviews showed significant and positive transformations in the quality of patients' autobiographical representation.
In this article I explore how cosmopolitanism can be a challenge for ordinary language philosophy. I also explore cosmopolitan aspects of Stanley Cavell's ordinary language philosophy. Beginning by considering the moral aspects of cosmopolitanism and some examples of discussions of cosmopolitanism in philosophy of education, I turn to the scene of…
Caterina Del Vivo
Full Text Available Laura Orvieto (Milan 1876 - Florence 1953, children’s writer, always loved telling stories. She asked everyone to tell her stories and, if she couldn’t find anyone available, she told stories to younger children. These stories were inspired by the many books she read and by the fairy tales told by old women. As an adult, once a writer, her most successful work was inspired by classical mythology and the small adventures of her own children. But in the second half of the 1930s many things changed for a family from the Florentine Jewish middle classes, with the increasing pressure of racial marginalization. In around 1936 Laura decided to abandon her usual themes, and instead to turn to her origins and tell her own story, and that of her husband Angiolo and their respective families. The Storia di Angiolo e Laura is written in a simple and direct style, close to Orvieto’s other work. But in the final pages she allows space for statements that illustrate her painful crisis of conscience. Today we can ask to what extent these pages reflect a real biographical journey: other sources complete, confirm or deny the events and states of mind expressed in the book. A parallel reading of a few chapters and other documents reveals less well-known aspects of the thinking and frame of mind of Laura and her family and illustrates her working methods. Received: 27/05/2013 / Accepted: 20/06/2013 How to reference this article Del Vivo, C. (2014. Costruirsi una storia: miti e realtà nell’autobiografia di Laura Orvieto. Espacio, Tiempo y Educación, 1(1, pp. 55-75. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.14516/ete.2014.001.001.003
Sotelo-Castro, Luis Carlos
In this article, I focus on the empowering potential of a participatory practice that frames walking as integral to a performative, self-mapping, and aesthetic process. By discussing my experience as a participant in "Ere Be Dragons" (2007), a work by the artists collective Active Ingredient (Rachel Jacobs and Matt Watkins), I set out some new…
This article argues that while social entrepreneurship shares concerns similar to those of social justice activism, the corporate and business ethos in the idea of entrepreneurship is not suited to the social concerns that teachers and other educators deal with in their everyday lives. The article points out characteristics of social…
Selomar Claudio Borges
Full Text Available The book El escritor y el otro by the author Carlos Liscano from Uruguay, proposes a deep discussion on the games of fictional creation, and also reflects the possible limits of the authors factual life and its written form. With that starting point, this paper aims to argue how Liscano’s text suggests the problematization between the fiction that appears to be a life story and the mutual contaminations derived from that crossing. In El escritor y el otro both life and writing are fictionalized, acting as a literature that looks inwards, that is self questioning. Beyond that, the book also reveals the diversity of the “I” of a Liscano that inscribes himself as fiction, and at the same time appeals often to self-referentiality, to data recognized as being from the personal life of the public man and also from Uruguay, projecting the desire to wipe off the frontiers between factual and fictional. Therefore, we start from the hypothesis that the stories present in El escritor y el otro are not limited to a testimonial literature neither to a autobiographical literature, but are projected through a script that is assumed to be undecided in terms of gender, in a text that reinvents a life in its words, and outlines the performance of an author and his spectacular image, as a way to mock the writers life and the same speculate form of the own text that he elaborates.
Causton-Theoharis, Julie; Ashby, Christine; Cosier, Meghan
Assumptions of difficulties with social interaction, or lack of interest in social interaction, are central to many definitions and conventional understandings of autism. However, many individuals with autism describe a strong craving social interaction. This article uses autobiographical accounts written by individuals who identified as autistic…
society . Al Davison was born with severe spina bifida in 1960 in northern England, and his comic book called The Spiral Cage (SC) relates in a rich graphic style the trials and joys of growing up 'disabled' in English society. It was first published in the USA in 1988 by Renegade Press . I will mainly...
Malott, Curry Stephenson
In this essay Malott traces his journey to critical pedagogy focusing on a significant element of his family's ethnic and class background and its connection to his own educational experiences from public schooling to university. Drawing on Marx's historical discussions at the end of Volume 1 of "Capital" Malott traces his own…
Hunt, David N.
Much is known about the phenomenon of learning disabilities, especially dyslexia in children. Only recently, however, has psychological research focused on adult learning disabilities. The bulk of research on the phenomenon of adult learning disabilities has been quantitative research, which neglected the subjective experience of those it is…
McClellan, Ann K.
Applying the critical lenses of feminism, autographical theory and literary analysis, this essay performs a triple reading of Vera Brittain's multi-genre writings about gender, war,and university education. Focusing specifically on "The Dark Tide" (1923), "Testament of Youth" (1933) and "The Women of Oxford" (1960),…
Joyce E. Chaplin
Full Text Available recorrendo aos campos da história dos impressos e da história da ciência - dois campos de importância indiscutível para entender Benjamin Franklin, o impressor da Filadélfia, e Benjamin Franklin, o famoso experimentador elétrico - este ensaio sugerirá que as memórias de Franklin são evidência de que ele pensou sobre si mesmo como encarnado em ações (como ele tinha se apresentado ao mundo, através de experimentos científicos e como identificado em relação a outras pessoas, como ele tinha sido por muito tempo, como um colaborador em diversos projetos e como um correspondente. Isso é diferente do seu sentido desencarnado e individualista que a maioria das edições de sua autobiografia, como uma simples narrativa, lhe deram. Edições mais complexas e com diversos textos podem ser ao menos igualmente válidas, sobretudo para mostrar como ideias de identidade pessoal, nesse ponto da história, eram coletivas e encarnadas.
Paula Renata Lucas Collares
Full Text Available The present article is centered in the analytical reading of some chronicles published in the First Book of Chronicles (1998 and the novel Sôbolos rios que vão (2010, by António Lobo Antunes. This thesis shows how time, the memory, childhood and their respective events, as apparently autobiographical aspects are linked to the texture of some chronic and some novel. In fact, we can read in fiction several fictional possibilities and biographical. Structural elements of the Portuguese writer António Lobo Antunes narratives are pieces of a puzzle manipulated by an author. In the First Book of Chronicles and the novel, António Lobo Antunes revisits the past, not from a romantic view but from a critical process of self-reflection. Therefore, we will try to find meaning in the intertextual marks, in the author’s voice slips, in the contact between literary and autobiographical discourses. The analysis is based on literary theory, with support from studies of Philippe Lejeune.
Philip van der Merwe
Full Text Available In World’s Fair (1985 E.L. (Edgar Lawrence Doctorow (1931– artistically transforms autobiographical and historical facts and memories of the actual world of his childhood into a Bildungsroman. Doctorow was in his fifties when he wrote this novel, which is widely regarded as more autobiographic than his other Bildungsromane, namely The Book of Daniel (1971, Loon Lake (1980 and Billy Bathgate (1989. This fictionalisation takes place through the use of a retrospective narrator who depicts the memories of his formative experiences as a nine-year-old boy. The novel is marked by a striking structural feature, namely that positive and sombre or serious events alternate. The question therefore arises: Why does Doctorow construct his childhood memoir in this manner? In brief, the answer is that the narrator’s Bildung depends on a carnivalesque dialectic of dangerous and/or threatening events and the relief and/or repair of these same events. This article therefore attempts to make sense of World’s Fair in terms of selected aspects of M.M. Bakhtin’s notion of ‘carnival’. It shows a clear link between, on the one hand, this novel’s status as a Bildungsroman along with the personal growth of the narrator and central character and, on the other hand, a carnivalesque dialectic of seriousness and amelioration. It thus shows that the main theme of the book is, in fact, the reliance of growth on this dialectic. The article begins with a brief analysis of the novel in terms of its semi-autobiographic character and then provides an equally brief overview of Bakhtin’s (1984, 1985 notion of carnival. The main body of the text provides examples from the novel and thus evidence for the above-mentioned dialectic.E.L. Doctorow se fiktiewe outobiografie: World’s Fair (1985, as ’n karnavaleske Bildungsroman. In World’s Fair (1985 omvorm E.L. (Edgar Lawrence Doctorow (1931– outobiografiese en geskiedkundige feite en herinneringe van die werklike wêreld van sy kindertyd op ‘n artistieke wyse in ’n Bildungsroman. Doctorow was in sy vyftigs toe hy hierdie roman geskryf het, wat oor die algemeen as meer outobiografies beskou word as sy ander Bildungsromane, naamlik The Book of Daniel (1971, Loon Lake (1980 en Billy Bathgate (1989. Hierdie fiksionalisering vind plaas deur ’n retrospektiewe verteller wat sy herinneringe aan sy lewensvormende ervaringe as ’n negejarige seun skilder. ’n Opvallende strukturele eienskap kenmerk hierdie roman, naamlik dat positiewe en somber of ernstige gebeurtenisse mekaar afwissel. Die vraag ontstaan dus: Waarom konstrueer Doctorow die memoir van sy kindertyd op hierdie wyse? Die antwoord is kortliks dat die verteller, Edgar Altschuler, se Bildung op ’n karnevalistiese dialektiek van gevaarlike en/of bedreigende gebeurtenisse en die verligting en/of herstel van dieselfde gebeurtenisse berus. Die doel van hierdie artikel is om World’s Fair in terme van geselekteerde aspekte van M.M. Bakhtin se idee van ‘karnaval’ te verstaan. Dit toon aan dat daar ŉ duidelike verband bestaan tussen, aan die een kant, die roman se posisie as ŉ Bildungroman tesame met die persoonlike ontwikkeling van die verteller en die sentrale karakter en, aan die ander kant, die karnavaleske dialektiek van erns en verbetering. Persoonlike groei wat op hierdie dialektiek gebaseer is, is dus die sentrale tema van hierdie boek. Die artikel begin met ŉ kort ontleding van die semi-outobiografiese aard van die roman en verskaf dan ŉ ewe kort oorsig van Bakhtin (1984, 1985 se konsep ‘karnaval’. Die hoofdeel van die artikel bestaan uit voorbeelde en daarmee bewyse van bogenoemde dialektiek.
Apartheid was a system of government in South Africa, abolished in 1994, which systematically separated groups on the basis of race classification. The Apartheid system of racial segregation was made law in South Africa in 1948, when the country was officially divided into four racial groups, White, Black, Indian and Coloureds (or people of mixed…
Full Text Available In this work we intend to study, through the analysis of the autobiographical works of the anarchist thinker Federica Montseny (1905-1994, the educational context in which the writer was born and her attempt to transform the society through her own example and writings. The anti-authoritarian and freethinker background, the extended family of overtones inspired by Fourier’s ideal, the rational and secular teachings of her mother Teresa Mañé, the full immersion into the world of politics and workers struggles of the early twentieth century shapes the awareness of a child who will devote her life spreading the anarchist model. Deeply aware of the ethical and social potential of art, she puts into practice her ability to become a writer, a speaker and an educator of the people. Fiction and reality blend aiming to create a heroine. Received: 27/05/2013 / Accepted: 20/06/2013 How to reference this article Caiazzo, M. (2014. Realidad y ficción de una educadora del pueblo. Estudio de la misión pedagógica de Federica Montseny a través de sus autobiografías. Espacio, Tiempo y Educación, 1(1, pp. 77-96. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.14516/ete.2014.001.001.004
In 1936, at age 31, Carl David Anderson became the second youngest Nobel laureate for his discovery of antimatter when he observed positrons in a cloud chamber.He is responsible for developing rocket power weapons that were used in World War II.He was born in New York City in 1905 and was educated in Los Angeles. He served for many years as a physics professor at California Institute of Technology. Prior to Oppenheimer, Anderson was offered the job of heading the Los Alamos atomic bomb program but could not assume the role because of family obligations.He was a pioneer in studying cosmic rays
Social work, like other disciplines, has long used case studies as a (1) methodological approach to communicating a body of knowledge, and (2) as a tangible means to acquaint students with archetypical applications of realistic conditions. In social work, one required course sequence enhanced by case study assessments is Human Behavior and the…
Cinéaste indépendant fascinant et inclassable, Alan Berliner a consacré 25 ans à la réalisation de films qui le conduisent d’une réflexion sur la famille en général, à la mise en question de la sienne propre, puis à une interrogation sur son identité et enfin à son autoportrait en tant qu’artiste. Ces œuvres ne se conforment pas totalement aux normes habituelles des documentaires subjectifs ou autobiographiques. Historiquement parlant, Berliner ...
By reference to the personality of Rudolf Höss, the author illuminates once again the terrifying juxtaposition of criminality and apparent normality in the psychic life of a Nazi criminal. The inferno of the concentration camp is interpreted as a perverse explication and staging of split-off ideational contents in the mind of Höss.
Full Text Available In the gap between what one wants to say (or what one perceives there is to say and what one can say (what is sayable, words provide for a collaboration and a desertion. We delight in our sensuous involvement with the materials of language, we long to join words to the world- to close the gap between ourselves and things- and we suffer from doubt and anxiety because of our inability to do so. (Lyn Hejinian The Language of InquiryAnne Carson is a contemporary Canadian poet, essayist and tra...
Full Text Available The numerous parodic discrepancies which punctuate ‘Histoire exécrable d’un héros brabançon’ (1982 by Jean Muno show us, five years after the initial creation of the neologism ‘auto-fiction’ by Serge Doubrovsky, a background ensemble of questions about the autobiographical pact defined ten years earlier by Philippe Lejeune. Yet this desire, manifested by a major novelist of Belgian letters about the French language in the second half of the 20th century, to free oneself from the restrictions of the autobiographical genre is part of the empowerment process of the Belgian francophone literary field. Indeed, the very marked national anchoring of this narrative, both historically and linguistically, illustrates the identifying affirmation claimed by the francophone Belgian literature through the concept of ‘belgitude’ at the turning point of the 1980s.
Full Text Available Connu par son obtention en 2005 du prix littéraire le plus prestigieux de la Chine pour son roman Chen'ai luoding (la poussière tombe qui pourtant mit du temps à s’imposer, le romancier d’expression chinoise A Lai, né en 1959, est l’un de ces auteurs tibétains sinophones par obligation. Il puise toujours son inspiration dans une souffrance qui l’accompagne depuis son enfance. En effet deux courts romans, respectivement publiés en 1987 et en 1988, et un long poème édité en 1989 témoignent d’un parcours douloureux jusqu’à la trentaine. L’expérience de A Lai est exceptionnelle dans la littérature d’expression chinoise, peu habituée à ce type d’auto-thérapie littéraire manifeste dans son œuvre romanesque et son œuvre poétique complémentaires et dont la dimension personnelle n’exclut pas l’intérêt d’un témoignage social.
The Burnett Archive of Working Class Autobiographies was gathered together by John Burnett, David Vincent and David Mayall whilst compiling their three volumes annotated bibliography, "The Autobiography of the Working Class" (Harvester Press, 1984-1989). This book includes descriptions of unpublished autobiographies and indicates their locations. Excerpts from some of the autobiographies have been published in "Destiny obscure: autobiographies of childhood, education, and family from the1820s...
The Burnett Archive of Working Class Autobiographies was gathered together by John Burnett, David Vincent and David Mayall whilst compiling their three volumes annotated bibliography, "The Autobiography of the Working Class" (Harvester Press, 1984-1989). This book includes descriptions of unpublished autobiographies and indicates their locations. Excerpts from some of the autobiographies have been published in "Destiny obscure: autobiographies of childhood, education, and family from the1820s...
Full Text Available The first author, Elisa Gabrielli, has been a distance runner for many years, and then at a particular point in her career, she decided to move over to the 3000-m steeplechase. She was attracted by this discipline as she believed that it would be the appropriate discipline for her, due to the challenge it provided her, and the necessary knowledge and awareness she had through her studies. For reasons that are discussed in this report, the 3000-m steeplechase is a race that is more difficult to interpret and manage biomechanically and physiologically than most others. Combining this with her PhD allowed her to use a multidisciplinary approach to review the competitive experience gained in this discipline. During this period, she indeed not only deepened the technical aspects of her training, but also those that underlie this discipline, through her knowledge of sport, with particular reference to the female athlete. Through her technical research, she was able to take ‘snapshots’ of what could happen from the physiological point of view. With satisfaction, she improved her performance in the 3000-m race and in the 3000-m steeplechase. How? In particular, she worked on her running technique through specific exercises. She worked on de-contraction and posture, while saving energy consumption. She worked on the control of her breathing, and she took into account her prevailing heart rate. This was all in combination with the consumption of specific nutrients, as she tried to manage the production of lactate with the training of the red muscle fibres that are rich in mitochondria. Finally, she tried to improve her perception of strenuous work, by training at high altitude. This allowed her not only to improve her physical performance, but especially to improve her mind-set, which allowed her to be more confident in herself and her abilities.
Full Text Available The article is devoted to analysis of description of propaganda subject in general and in the Soviet Lithuanian literature particularly. Propaganda subject doesnt depend only on the procedure of discoursive interpellation as it was in L. Althusser theories. The article shows how much important was social-body experiences and social-political body activities upon the examples of communist identity history in Soviet Union. For this reason the notions of symbolic sphere (J. Lotman, semiosis (U. Eco, discoursive order (M. Foucault and symbolical worlds (J. Lacan are separated and compared. Contemporary theories of psychoanalytic philosophy show meta-literary origin of politically important literary works and semiosis. It means that the sense of sentences of novels and poems were red and understood in dependency of heroic biography of writer, on the correspondent to the contemporary political and material life of political party and changes of political language. Participation in the revolutionary activity, class war, buildings of Soviet reality, II World Wars battles, postwar struggles, resistance to the Post-soviet reevaluation of all values, proletarian origin, sweat and blood were non-literal signs for the trust to literary work. The article shows that literary works of trusted writers were a collective creation and they were a collective semiosis. On the example of Lithuanian poet E. Mieželaitis collective improvement of poems are discussed. The other step in the development of soviet semiosis and symbolical world goes in the modern independent Lithuania. It is developed in autobiographes of soviet writers and soviet cultural leaders. Post-soviet considerations about “Non lost generation” of one of former communist leader L. Šepetys are analyzed in the article.Post-soviet biographies and popularity of the ones are evidence of stability of soviet symbolical world with their social body practices and reading / writing experiences. Analysis of soviet heritage related to the building of soviet man not only in discoursive but also in the body sense presuppose interpretation of their symbolical worlds from sociological or even political / literary anthropology point of view. The success of soviet auto / biographies in Post-soviet period is also sign of openness of modern Lithuanian society to its memory. It opens well-affected opportunities for Post-communist studies without any repressive desovietization of memory.
The article is devoted to analysis of description of propaganda subject in general and in the Soviet Lithuanian literature particularly. Propaganda subject doesnt depend only on the procedure of discoursive interpellation as it was in L. Althusser theories. The article shows how much important was social-body experiences and social-political body activities upon the examples of communist identity history in Soviet Union. For this reason the notions of symbolic sphere (J. Lotman), semiosis ...
Gabrielli, Elisa; Fulle, Stefania; Fanò-Illic, Giorgio
The first author, Elisa Gabrielli, has been a distance runner for many years, and then at a particular point in her career, she decided to move over to the 3000-m steeplechase. She was attracted by this discipline as she believed that it would be the appropriate discipline for her, due to the challenge it provided her, and the necessary knowledge and awareness she had through her studies. For reasons that are discussed in this report, the 3000-m steeplechase is a race that is more difficult to interpret and manage biomechanically and physiologically than most others. Combining this with her PhD allowed her to use a multidisciplinary approach to review the competitive experience gained in this discipline. During this period, she indeed not only deepened the technical aspects of her training, but also those that underlie this discipline, through her knowledge of sport, with particular reference to the female athlete. Through her technical research, she was able to take ‘snapshots’ of what could happen from the physiological point of view. With satisfaction, she improved her performance in the 3000-m race and in the 3000-m steeplechase. How? In particular, she worked on her running technique through specific exercises. She worked on de-contraction and posture, while saving energy consumption. She worked on the control of her breathing, and she took into account her prevailing heart rate. This was all in combination with the consumption of specific nutrients, as she tried to manage the production of lactate with the training of the red muscle fibres that are rich in mitochondria. Finally, she tried to improve her perception of strenuous work, by training at high altitude. This allowed her not only to improve her physical performance, but especially to improve her mind-set, which allowed her to be more confident in herself and her abilities. PMID:26913156
Full Text Available Of the many, often tremendous, U-turns in literary theory and criticism since the infamous “death of the author”, the most challenging is perhaps the recent shift of focus from mainstream, finished, commercially successful works to memoirs, correspondence, first drafts and diaries. The result has not of course been a return to a pre-structuralist “life and times” approach to an artist and their work, but a focus on the various ways in which secondary or marginal writings can be seen to contri...
@@ 这是摇滚历史上最具有神秘色彩的感情纠葛.60年代末Eric Clapton爱上了挚友George Harrison的妻子Pattie Boyd,Clapton1970年的杰作《Layla and Other Assorted Love Songs》(和当时乐队成员一起录制完成)正是献给Pattie Boyd的.最后两人于1979年步入了婚姻的殿堂,但在相处将近十年后的1988两人又分道扬镳.
Kevin Pat Fong
Full Text Available Depuis le succès phénoménal de Maus d’Art Spiegelman, la bande dessinée a obtenu une certaine reconnaissance dans l’institution littéraire. Jung, scénariste et dessinateur belge d’origine coréenne, partage avec nous son récit autobiographique en noir et blanc intitulé Couleur de Peau : Miel – Tome 1 (1997. Son histoire débute par le récit de son enfance comme orphelin grandissant en Corée du sud, pour être ensuite adopté par une famille belge jusqu’à l’adolescence. Avec un mélange ingénieux d’humour, de sarcasme et de drame, Jung aborde des sujets sérieux et contemporains tels que la quête d’identité, le déracinement, l’abandon, l’intégration et un sujet peu exploré et méconnu du public : l’adoption des enfants coréens par les familles des pays développés.
Lady Gregory’s ‘Emigrant’s Notebook’: Autobiography, Oral Narrative, and the Anglo-Irish Book Trade Le « Carnet d’une émigrante » de Lady Gregory : autobiographie, oralité et le commerce du livre anglo-irlandais
Taura S. Napier
Full Text Available Entre son mariage en 1880 et le départ de Sir William Gregory pour Ceylan où il allait occuper le poste de gouverneur de la colonie, Lady Augusta Gregory commença à rédiger un texte auquel elle donna le titre mystérieux de « Carnet d’une émigrante ». A cette époque, elle avait environ trente ans, âge certes précoce pour entreprendre une rétrospective de sa vie : mais l’œuvre qu’elle produisit constitue un mélange remarquable de réminiscences, de portraits et de vision poétique de l’existence, qui reste cependant imprégné d’une grande sincérité et d’un désir de révéler la vérité. Bien qu’elle n’ait pas été publiée et n’ait reçu qu’une faible attention critique, l’œuvre fournit la base de ce qui devint le moyen d’expression privilégié de Lady Gregory : elle allait en tirer les œuvres dramatiques et en prose pour lesquelles elle devint célèbre.Lady Gregory intitula son récit “Carnet d’une émigrante” peut-être parce que le second volume (l’essai, écrit à la main, occupe trois cahiers raconte ses séjours en Italie, en France et en Egypte avant son mariage ; et parce qu’elle quitta l’Irlande pour l’Angleterre et l’Europe pendant un certain temps après son mariage. Mais le titre pourrait aussi faire référence à un exil permanent de l’âme, loin du lieu et de l’époque qui apparaissent dans le récit. James Pethica suggère aussi que le « Carne »t fut commencé presque immédiatement après sa liaison avec W.S. Blunt et que son titre suggère un exil psychologique et sexuel par rapport à son existence passée.
While literacy autobiographies, citizenship autobiographies, and family narratives are common first writing assignments in the freshmen composition classroom, they are usually followed by some kind of research proposal, annotated bibliography, or research essay. While there is nothing wrong with literacy and citizenship autobiographies or family…
Heuer, Christopher Jon
Writers of D/deaf autobiographies or biographies face something of a dilemma when incorporating deafness into the stories they tell. This includes writers of D/deaf fiction because many such works are based on the same personal experiences from which autobiographies and biographies are derived. At heart, autobiographies and biographies are merely…
علی اکبری/ کوچکیان علی اکبری/ کوچکیان
Full Text Available Literature as an art or science is of different kinds; and these kinds can constitute new systems. Novel is one of these different kinds of literature that is also divided to many different kinds. Autobiography is also a branch of literature that has its own features and characteristics. There are also many capabilities in these variations and in their combination with the other kinds. “Autobiography-Novel” is one of these compositions in literature that benefits from both novel and autobiography. The writers of this article have chosen a novel by Ali Ashraf Darvishiyan for their analysis. This literary text is a novel that also contains some features of autobiography, and the writes of the paper have analyzed it from the point of view of “Autobiography-Novel.” Keywords: Autobiography, novel, Salhaye ‘Abri (Cloudy Years, Autobiography- Novel, Darvishiyan.
This paper mainly discuss the grammatical analysis about the person of nouns category in the Auto -biography of the Khojas written in 18th century about the Chagatay Uygur language , and reveal its characteris-tics about the comtemporary Chagatay Uygur language documents .% 本文拟对18世纪察哈台维吾尔文代表性文献《和卓传》中出现的名词的领属性人称范畴进行语法分析来展现与其同时代的察哈台维吾尔文相关文献中名词的领属性人称范畴的特征。
Belmira Oliveira Bueno
Full Text Available O texto apresenta uma revisão de trabalhos da área de Educação que fizeram uso das histórias de vida e dos estudos autobiográficos como metodologia de investigação científica no Brasil. Dois recortes foram efetuados, um temporal e outro temático, para focalizar o período compreendido entre 1985 e 2003 e privilegiar dois temas: formação de professores e profissão docente. O objetivo principal foi o de mapear a produção nacional, buscando identificar as temáticas que emergiram com maior força, apontando aspectos lacunares e indicando direções para futuros estudos na área. Várias fontes foram utilizadas: resumos de teses e dissertações (banco de teses da CAPES; textos completos de teses e dissertações defendidas nos programas de pós-graduação da Pontifícia Universidade Católica de São Paulo - PUC-SP - e da Faculdade de Educação da Universidade de São Paulo - FEUSP -; livros; e periódicos científicos. As análises levaram a concluir que o uso dessas abordagens cresceu significativamente no Brasil a partir dos anos de 1990, porém, de modo muito disperso, foram utilizadas muito mais como fonte de dados para o desenvolvimento de um largo espectro de pesquisas e muito timidamente como dispositivos de formação. Todavia, evidenciou-se que a intensificação de tais metodologias contribuiu para renovar as pesquisas sobre os professores, ao mesmo tempo em que fez aflorar o interesse por questões e temáticas novas, tais como as que se configuram, por exemplo, nos estudos sobre profissão, profissionalização e identidades docentes.The text offers a review within the area of Education of the works that make use of life histories and autobiographic studies as a scientific research methodology in Brazil. The period between 1985 and 2003 is focused under two different slants, one temporal, and the other thematic: teacher education and teaching profession. The main purpose here was to map out the national production, seeking to identify the themes that have emerged with greater strength, pointing out deficient aspects, and suggesting directions for future studies in this field. Several sources were utilized: abstracts of theses and dissertations from the CAPES database; complete texts of theses and dissertations presented to the graduate programs of the Pontifical Catholic University of São Paulo - PUC-SP - and of the Faculty of Education of the University of São Paulo - FEUSP; books; and scientific journals. The analyses have shown that the use of these approaches has grown significantly in Brazil since the 1990s but, in a very disperse manner, they have been used more as a source of data for the development of a wide spectrum of studies, and only timidly as formation devices. Nevertheless, it has become apparent that the rise of these methodologies has contributed to a renewal in the studies about teachers, at the same time that it has fostered the interest in new issues and themes, such as those developed, for example, in the researches about profession, professionalization and teacher identity.
胡瑞恒; 崔晓文; 秦金亮
王斌; 李梅; 王娟
A Linguist's life. An English translation of Otto Jespersen' autobiography with notes, photos and a bibliography. EDited by Arne Juul, Hans F. Nielsen, Jørgen Erik Nielsen. Odense university press; Odense 1995
Full Text Available È un tratto positivo della linguistica di oggi l'interesse rinnovato per la storia della linguistica e per i grandi classici della linguistica, molti dei quali sono oggetto di un vero revival scientifico. Basti ricordare ii caso di Lucien Tesnière, le cui teorie oggi sono fonte di ricca ispirazione, come testimonia ii volume Linguistica XXX IV, I . M élanges Lucien Tesnière, Ljubljana 1994.
Full Text Available Desde diversas disciplinas, Occidente se ha interrogado sobre las implicancias mágicas, poéticas y políticas del nombre propio. El siguiente artículo aborda desde las relaciones de analogía que en torno a él tejen la cabala y la magia, hasta conceptualizaciones modernas y contemporáneas sobre su lugar en la literatura, particularmente en lo referente a sus relaciones con el sujeto y el texto, como también a sus proyecciones en el nombre de autor y su firma, aparentemente centrales en la construcción del discurso autobiográfico.From a wide range of disciplines, the Western world has asked itself the question regarding the magic, poetic and political implications of the proper name. The following article raises issues that start with the analogies that both cabbala and magic weave around the proper name, to the modern and contemporary conceptualizations about the place of the proper name in literature. This latter is achieved particularly in reference to its connections with the subject and text, and also in reference to its projections on the name of the author and his signature, both apparently central in the construction of the autobiographical discourse.
Lipovec, Alenka; Antolin, Darja
In this article we apply narrative methodology to the study of pre-service elementary teachers' school-time memories connected to mathematics education. In the first phase of our empirical study we asked 214 Slovenian pre-service teachers to write their mathematical autobiographies. On the basis of the mathematical autobiographies we constructed a…
The best writing of Benjamin Franklin is founded in his own autobiography. This essay reveals the striking logic sequence of the approaches mentioned in the prose How I Taught Myself to Write from autobiography, and concludes the enlightenment for vast teachers when they lecture English writing.
van Oers, D.A.C.
The relationship between fact and fiction is still a key concern in contemporary research on literary autobiographies. This dissertation turns to the early stages of modern Italian autobiography in order to investigate how the authors themselves dealt with this problem. An analysis of the so-called
Lindhout, Alexandra E.
Full Text Available In his autobiography, Hans J. Massaquoi describes the discrimination he encountered in Nazi Germany and Liberia because of his mixed racial background. Throughout his life Massaquoi had to cope with identity crises. Through the self-therapeutic discourse in the form of his autobiography, however, Massaquoi developed his hybrid transatlantic African American and African German identity.
Discusses several approaches that students have found helpful for analyzing "Jane Eyre," including point of view, comparison, character development, language, imagery and symbolism, and the novel's elements of autobiography. (HTH)
Post, Eda, 1983-
1930-ndate kuulsate Tarzani-filmide ahvist staar Cheeta on praegu ilmselt maailma vanim ahv (76-aastane) ning kirjastus Fourth Estate Ltd ilmutas anonüümse autori raamatu "Me Cheeta: The Autobiography" (336 lk)
Describes various types of journals: learning journals, diaries, dream logs, autobiographies, spiritual journals, professional journals, interactive reading logs, theory logs, and electronic journals. Lists benefits of journal writing and ways to overcome writing blocks. (Contains 19 references.) (SK)
Samara Fernanda A. O. de Lócio e Silva Geske
Full Text Available Since the analysis the unfinished novel Le Premier Homme, this article intends to discuss the relevance of the autobiography narrative in the work of Camus and the tensions caused by the real with the fictional. In the novel, the childhood remembrances are the start point to the autobiography and at same time, it serves to the aesthetics of the narrative: this world of miseries and the sun turns the world of creation.
A study of the former Irish president Eamon de Valera's self-narrative in his official autobiography as an illustration Alistair Thomson's theory of memory as 'composure' and as reflecting generational memory........A study of the former Irish president Eamon de Valera's self-narrative in his official autobiography as an illustration Alistair Thomson's theory of memory as 'composure' and as reflecting generational memory.....
Almodad B. Asmani
Full Text Available Article explored the ways an identity was shaped within societies and how these might have affected the work as an EFL teacher in a workplace context. Data were collected from reflective data that was autobiography and other related research. Analysis was done by analyzing autobiography that was working environment approach and reflection analysis. It can be concluded that awareness of global context, local knowledge, and ability to listen support English teaching activities having many differences and the available condition.
Full Text Available This is an overview of the first instances of the realization of personality in Bohemia, which appear in historical literature from the 12th century and lead to the essay on medieval autobiographies. Although in the Middle Ages autobiographies were rare both in Bohemia as well as in other countries within the Latin cultural circle we are able to identify three significant autobiographies from different social environments, of different literary type and with different functions within two centuries of the late medieval period: First, the autobiography of Charles IV. This was the autobiography of a monarch written as a reflection of a Prince aimed at the author’s heirs to provide an image of the upbringing and behaviour of an exemplary monarch. The second text of this type is the autobiographical letter of former Archbishop of Prague, Jan of Jenštejn, in which the author used his own destiny to explain his political failure. At the very end of the medieval period, Christoph of Tyn, a minor nobleman who gained social success in the Emperor’s army and in diplomatic services, wrote an autobiography, where he wanted to show his descendants and future heirs how to increase the family estates legally, through honest endeavour so that they would not be ashamed of their heritage and doubt its respectable provenace. All of the authors mentioned had their own particular reasons for writing an autobiography. Naturally, all of these autobiographies are subjective, the narration is tailored to its purpose – political goals, justification of one’s failure, “substantiation” for and expression of pride in legally gained property.
Elizabeth Davis (Cadwaladur) was a Welsh woman who went to the Crimea to serve as a nurse. Her life was recorded in 1856 by Jane Williams in An Autobiography of Elizabeth Davis, Betsy Cadwaladyr: A Balaclava Nurse. The highlight of the autobiography is Elizabeth Davis's remark about Florence Nightingale which differs from Nightingale's reputation in England then. Cecil Woodham-Smith, a biographer of F. Nightingale, wrote an influential biography and accused Elizabeth of escaping from Miss Nig...
Full Text Available El autor destaca la importancia de la autobiografía popular anarquista española y propone un inventario provisorio.L’auteur attire l’attention sur l’importance de l’autobiographie populaire anarchiste espagnole et en propose un inventaire provisoire.The author draws attention onto working-class anarchist Spanish autobiography and proposes a temporary inventory of it.
Raquel D'Eboux Couto Nunes
Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to discuss the autobiography as an expression of the African-American woman in I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings, written by Maya Angelou, and published in 1969. Some reading perspectives are presented, such as female agency and violence, as well as some aspects related to the complexity of the autobiography as a genre due to its positioning on the border between fact and fiction, personal and political agendas, among others.
Kheirzadeh, Shiela; Hajiabed, Mohammadreza
The present interdisciplinary research investigates the differential emotional expression between Persian monolinguals and Persian-English bilinguals. In other words, the article was an attempt to answer the questions whether bilinguals and monolinguals differ in the expression of positive and negative emotions elicited through sad and happy autobiographies and measured through UWIST Mood Adjective Checklist. The result of this pioneering work indicated no significant difference between Persian monolinguals and Persian-English bilinguals in expressing happy memories while differences were observed on sad memories. Bilinguals expressed more negative emotions in their L2 than L1. This outcome support the dominant claim that second language is the preferred language for the expression of sad emotions since it is the language of emotional detachment and distance. Further analysis on the number of words bilinguals and monolinguals used to express both sad and happy autobiographies indicated that bilinguals used more words in expressing both sad and happy autobiographies.
Denise Chong’s The Concubine’s Children is regarded as an autobiography.As a member of the third generation of Chinese-Canadian,Denise Chong manages to sing a family saga for her immigrant family.Chinese traditions,such as patriarchal domination,Confucianism,and other traditions could be sensed throughout the autobiography.This can not only been reflected by the main characters Chan Sam(Chong’s grandpa),May-ying(Chong’s grandma),but also by some other depictions throughout the work.The thesis is to discuss those Chinese traditions in detail.
Denise Chong’s The Concubine’s Children is regarded as an autobiography.As a member of the third generation of Chinese-Canadian,Denise Chong manages to sing a family saga for her immigrant family.Chinese traditions,such as patriarchal domination,Confucianism,and other traditions could be sensed throughout the autobiography.This can not only been reflected by the main characters Chan Sam(Chong’s grandpa),May-ying(Chong’s grandma),but also by some other depictions throughout the work.The thesis is to discuss those Chinese traditions in detail.
Sandra Lila Maya Rota
Full Text Available The present study investigates the different approaches to autobiography of three writers – John M. Coetzee, Edward Said and Roland Barthes – who are divided by background and historical circumstances but share the terrain of postcolonial and postmodern theory. In particular, the focus is on the use they make of photographs – real or evoked – that accompany their personal accounts. Using photography as a counterpoint and a parallel to autobiography, they all try and come to terms with issues of subjectivity, representation and authenticity. As a result, their life-long convictions will be challenged by the power of memory, leaving way to a renewed sense of self.
Seher Tetik Isik
Full Text Available Cafer Açın was born in Ankara in 1939, as stated in his autobiography . He began his main education in 1950, registering at the Department of Instrument Manufacturing for Secondary and High School Students at the Ankara Technical Teacher Training College, and then studied at the Ankara State Conservatory, where his department was transferred in 1957. According to his autobiography, he wrote poems, painted and composed about 30 songs. He often mentioned his teacher, Mithat Arman, in his works, a man who contributed greatly to both his education and personality. In this article, the works of Cafer Açın have been examined.
Pedersen, Jesper; Mose, Christoffer; Posselt, Adam; Nielsen, Tobias; Munro, Charlotte; Nielsen, Simon; Pawrup, Isabella
This project examines the life and work of Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X in their fight for justice for the African American population in the USA in the 1950’s and 60’s. Through the project we have accounted for their lives and their different approaches to the Civil Rights Movement through two biographies, an Autobiography “The Autobiography of Malcolm X” by Malcolm X and Alex Haley and a biography about Martin Luther King Jr. “Let the Trumpet Sound” written by Stephen B. Oates. We h...
Cooper, Jewell E.; He, Ye
The purpose of this study was to document four novice secondary teachers' experiences as they progressed from the last year in their teacher education program through their first three years of teaching. Autobiographies, interviews, and focus groups were conducted to record their stories as novice teachers. In addition to the development of their…
Brown, Lee Ann
Develops a college-level writing assignment using Adrienne Kennedy's autobiography, a multisectioned list poem. Discusses why the personal list poem is appealing and how lists--a simple but generative form--work well for students. States that students wrote a succession of paragraphs about people in their lives who had influenced them. Gives…
ter Hark, M.R.M.
In the 1920s, Karl Popper wrote two large manuscripts on psychology that he never published. in his autobiography, Unended Quest, he attempts to reduce the importance of his work in psychology as much as possible, and in his philosophical work he is an antipsychologist. However, in this article, it
Bahmer, F A; Bahmer, J A
In his autobiography, Charles Bukowski (1920-1994) describes his severe acne conglobata, his experience with therapy, family conflicts and emotional tension. Despite the stigmatization by his acne scars, Bukowski became a philobatic writer and a true chronist of the American way of life in the second half of the 20th century, writing in a coarse and obscene language.
Roemer, Kenneth M.
In this essay, the author aims to further complicate the blurrings of Native poetry and autobiography and to make a plea. His general "complicating" genre claim is that an overlooked but absolutely essential form of Native identity expression--that is both preliterate and contemporary--is the traditional song, especially songs that from a…
Rogers, Theresa; Tyson, Cynthia; Enciso, Patricia; Marshall, Elizabeth; Jenkins, Christine; Brown, Jacqueline; Core, Elizabeth; Cordova, Carmen; Youngsteadt-Parish, Denise; Robinson, Dwan
Presents a short dialogue on issues of representing children's literature for a wider audience, regarding "Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone." Discusses a featured book and offers brief descriptions of 5 picture books and informational texts, and 6 autobiographies, discussing them in tandem with 15 landmark children's books. (SR)
Gurholt, Kirsti Pedersen
Autobiographies of prominent environmentalists describe that their early lives have been rich in personal experiences of nature. The early childhood experiences of philosopher and climber Arne Naess (1912-2009) inspired the development of deep ecology philosophy, which markedly influenced the emergence of Norwegian "friluftsliv"…
Gladding, Samuel T.; Cox, Elizabeth
"Family Snapshots" are 100-words-or-less descriptive memories of times in the lives of families that highlight poignant moments. They complement other exercises within a family counseling course, including the use of genograms. Modeled after the "Washington Post Magazine"'s series "Life Is Short: Autobiography as Haiku," these snapshots give…
王琳; 卢芳; 李思萌
Jack London, the famous American novelist in twentieth century, whose whole life is full of romantic color. Martin Eden is the immortal work of Jack London, which is a semi-autobiography novel. This paper will interpret Jack London’s most important work Martin Eden from the analysis of its protagonist Martin Eden’s tragedy.
Engaging emotions in multicultural education is an important but a relatively neglected issue in teacher education. This essay calls for pedagogical attention to the role of emotions and attempts to analyze how teaching autobiographies and films sheds light on the emotional dynamics of multicultural education. Two films, "The Color of Fear", and…
R.M. Dekker (Rudolf)
textabstractDutch historian Jacques Presser used the term “egodocuments” to describe a range of autobiographical materials, including diaries, memoirs, and wills— the stuff we have been calling “life writing”—to signal its distance from earlier notions of what constituted autobiography. “Egodocument
Describes the work of Friends of the Children of Mississippi, a Head Start program which began in the late 1960s and for which the author was hired to develop Black history materials for teacher training. Presents excerpts from the autobiographies of several Black women trainees in the program. (GC)
Winner, Tammy; Shields, Theodore
Details the act of writing and publishing a literacy autobiography on the World Wide Web for an English course at a college located on a small island in the Bahamas. Notes that this activity gave geographically isolated writers an opportunity to consider the intricate powers of language and their space in the larger social and cultural influences…
After a brief introduction of a cultural psychological perspective, this paper turns to the concept of self. The paper proposes to conceive of that reality to which the concepts of self refer as a narrative, employing especially autobiographies and other ego-documents in empirical exploration. After
In the past decade, language memoirs, linguistic autobiographies, and learners' journals and diaries have become a popular means of data collection in applied linguistics. It is not always clear however how one should go about analyzing these data. The aim of this paper is to offer a critical review of analytical frameworks applied to second…
Schmitt, Arnaud; Kjerkegaard, Stefan
In this study of Karl Ove Knausgaard’s My Struggle, the authors theorize what paratextual information does to one’s reading, especially in autobiography informed literature. Although My Struggle can be read both as memoir and novel, and even as autofiction, Knausgaard is aiming at a higher truth...
A process oriented technical writing course was devised at the University of Alaska to counteract the "forms" approach and to include peer critiques and student participation in class grading. Modifications to the standard syllabus included (1) student analyses of their own writing processes through literacy autobiographies, (2) student…
This paper focuses on similarities in the lives of Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky to enlighten study of their pedagogies and to provide some information for current classroom techniques. Neither man had a great deal to say about his early life, although Piaget published an autobiography. A number of primary sources were used to construct the…
Vakirtzi, Eva; Bayliss, Phil
The remarkable increase in diagnoses of autism has paralleled an increase in scientific research and turned the syndrome into a kind of a new "trend" within psychiatric and developmental conditions of childhood. At the same time, discursive technologies, such as DSM-IV, autobiographies, movies, fiction, etc., together with…
Written before the successful publication of Skellig (1998), David Almond's short story collection, "Counting Stars," has attracted less critical attention than his more famous novels. Falling between fiction and autobiography, the earlier short stories are more firmly grounded in realism than the novels, which feature elements of…
Conner, John; Tessmer, Kathleen M.
Presents a list of the 25 most popular reading choices of Iowa high school students. Provides brief summaries and publication information on books in the following categories: autobiography and personal narrative; contemporary realism; historical fiction and nonfiction; humor and satire; sports; and mystery, adventure, and the supernatural. (MM)
Tatiana Olegovna LICHMANOWA
Full Text Available The article discusses the problem of "new autobiograph-ical" contemporary russian prose, expands understand-ing of the content of this term is different literary critics, and formulated its own definition of the term "new auto-biography".
James M. Buchanan
Full Text Available Contribution to a series of recollections and reflections on professional experiences of distinguished economists. Article originally published in vol. 39 n. 159 of Banca Nazionale del Lavoro Quarterly Review. JEL Codes: B31, D71, D72Keywords: public choice, James Buchanan, autobiography
This essay explores an analogy: A well-played soccer game has much in common with a well-taught lesson or course. Aesthetic pedagogy, as conceived by Dewey, Gadamer, and contemporary theorists and practitioners, is set alongside the world's favorite sport, including events from the 2006 World Cup and the autobiography of Pele. The discussion moves…
Sutherland, Margaret B.
Considers possible links between development of empathy and some children's spontaneous creation of imaginary companions or situations, citing examples of Agatha Christie's "Autobiography." Questions if such activities show ability to "decenter emotionally." Suggests need for better methods of assessing emotional decentering…
Brady, Judith Ann
Dorothy Day's love of the poor originated from reading novels that portrayed the poor as persons worthy of respect. This article explores how Day's reading novels opened her mind and heart to the realities of poverty. The methodology is literature-based. Dorothy Day's autobiography reveals the novelists who captivated her mind and cultivated a…
This selected bibliography covers the following categories: general reference works; history, both general and specialized; biographies and autobiographies; human sciences, including sociology and anthropology; politics and government; law; education and language; culture, including art, architecture, music, popular arts, cuisine, and traditions.…
Utilizing data from the language learning autobiographies of six black college students, this pilot study investigates the experiences and motivations of blacks who do and do not achieve advanced-level second language acquisition (SLA). It hypothesizes that successful black second language (L2) learners (1) have positive formative experiences of…
Examines the contribution of storytelling to the education of young children, and reviews theoretical frameworks used to contextualize storytelling in formal education. Presents five major types of contributions of storytelling: to other language and expressive arts, to the inner world of affect, to autobiography, to narrative, and to certain…
Discusses emerging characteristics of early adolescents from a Montessorian perspective. Considers adolescents' revelations related to cosmic education, their need to serve, their need to think and to feel, and their need to know the cosmos through finding one's place in it. Discusses samples from students' cosmic autobiographies. (KB)
of Chronotope. I see the concept as useful in connection with students' self-constructions (autobiographies). The analysis shows how time and space plays into the counseling conversations, and how other contexts and dialogues play a stronger role in the students design of themselves; that is, how a fusion...
An autobiography, "Barrio Boy" is the story of Little Ernie, a boy born in the tiny mountain village of Jalcocotan in the State of Nayarit, Mexico. Divided into 5 parts, the book offers vivid descriptions of the author's early life--his family, his friends, his surroundings, as well as events in the journey from Jalcocotan that eventually ended in…
Pinar, William F., Ed.
This collection of essays is taken from a 20-year span of "The Journal of Curriculum Theorizing." The volume contains 31 articles: "Living Metaphors: The Real Curriculum in Environmental Education," F. Krall; "Dialectics and the Development of Curriculum Theory," H. Giroux; "Autobiography and Reconceptualization," M. Grumet; "Women," J. Miller;…
Connelly, R. J.
Contrasts Nietzche's view of man with B. F. Skinner's and suggests that behavioral technology be further explored in attempting to solve mankind's cultural and philosophical conflicts. Adds the note that Skinner's autobiography might help his critics see "Beyond Freedom and Dignity" in a more objective sense than when it was published in…
Azizmohammadi, Fatemeh; Kamarzade, Sepide
"A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man," written in 1916, is an autobiography and the first novel of the great Irish writer, James Joyce. It's written in Modernist style. So it can be contain of some category of realism, naturalism, and Marxism which aroused in mid-to late nineteenth century. But it mostly included realistic style…
Tran, Trang Thi Thu; Moni, Karen
This study investigated EFL students' and teachers' perspectives and experiences of managing foreign language anxiety (FLA). Data were obtained from 49 student autobiographies, 18 student interviews, 8 teacher interviews and 351 student responses to an open-ended question. Content analysis was used to analyse the data with the use of NVivo. A…
The sameness of and difference between autobiographical and biographical research methods were studied in this exploration of the researcher's work with six recent female immigrants to Canada, herself and her mother included. The self-study of autobiography and the biographical study of the researcher's mother and four other subjects were similar…
Li, Xin; Lal, Shirley
This paper describes and discusses the effect of service-learning on students' reflective thinking about their own knowledge in multicultural teacher education at a state university in Southern California (USA). Two versions of students' multicultural autobiographies, one at the beginning and the other at the end of the course, were examined to…
The paper suggests a model for linking the realisation and the articulation of both knowledge and accumulation of skills by fourth year students who have majored in visual anthropology. One central component is the integration of student-generated intellectual autobiographies into electronic demonstration portfolios, a formula and strategy that…
In this article, I present a critical discourse analysis (CDA) of two discourses in learning disabilities (LD)--the academic research literature on emotions of students labeled as LD and retrospective autobiographies from adults labeled as LD writing about their emotions as students. Drawing mainly on Foucaultian explanations of power, I…
Analyzes and contrasts Mill's "Autobiography" and Adams'"The Education of Henry Adams" in order to present two approaches to the nature of education and of failure. Maintains that their perspectives may serve as catalysts and cautions for contemporary theories of education and its utility and relevance. (CAM)
Quiroz, Pamela Anne
This paper examines the relationship between Latino students' identity formation and their interpretations of the connection between schooling and career. Autobiographies were written by 47 Mexican American and Puerto Rican students at the end of grade 8, and again by 27 of the same students during grade 11. Virtually all students were from poor…
Griffin, Shelley M.; Beatty, Rodger J.
As two faculty members in a Canadian post-secondary teacher education context, the authors inquired into their collaborative writing process initiated through an informal faculty mentoring relationship. Situating their writing in the discourses of personal practical knowledge, social constructionism, narrative inquiry, and autobiography grounds…
the Western Frontier (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2001), 17. 23Martin F. Schmitt , General George Crook His Autobiography, 2nd ed...military planning to create advantageous battlefield conditions. Crook developed what nineteenth century military theorist Carl Von Clausewitz...Small Wars: Their Principles and Practice. Lincoln: University of Nebraska, 1995. von Clausewitz, Carl . On War. Edited and translated by Paret
about the Sikh faith. He knew a lot about other religions as well. And he had a passion for poetry . Together, these avo- cations would have given...will be the stuff of stories—may be an absolutely essential, woefully under-remarked trait. 28 28. As conveyed in Lansdale’s autobiography, In the
Ridinger, Robert B.
Over 120 bibliographies and other reference sources relevant to women's studies are identified in this annotated listing. Subjects include feminist scholarship, women in management, popular culture, autobiographies, other cultures and countries, history, lesbian women, women's education, the arts, politics, and rape. In addition to author, title,…
Raina, Seemin A.
This study is based on 72 children's and young adult books that met the criteria of being about Muslims and published and circulated here in the U.S. They can be divided into the varied genres as 49 contemporary realistic fiction, 6 historical fiction, and 17 autobiographies, biographies, and memoirs. In-depth reading and coding were used to…
School Library Media Activities Monthly, 1991
Provides fully developed library media activities that are designed to be used with specific curriculum units. Highlights include elementary school activities for reading and language arts (using the "World Almanac," identifying a story's sequence of events, and using autobiographies); science (causes of wind and learning about squirrels); and…
Wright, Michelle; Gray, Tonia
Being a woman in the outdoor learning profession can bring distinctive challenges and roadblocks. Even more difficult is sustaining a life-long career, flourishing into a woman's 50s or 60s. Based on this premise, career longevity seems elusive for some women who aspire to work in the outdoors. This paper analyses the autobiographies of three…
In the last decade, the interest in the relation between author and text, author and autobiography, seems to have grown. In my article, I use the story of the author JT LeRoy as a framework to analyse what this growing interest means for our understanding of the word "author." JT LeRoy’s work was co
Kim Morgan; Faye
@@ 1. Drew Barrymore How could we not include our little Drew? Though now on top as one of America's sweethearts,her lineage1 of theatrical and cinematic royalty is the quintessence2 of the live fast, die young kiddo3. Thankfully, she lived."Little Girl Lost" is the title of her autobiography and boy was she ever.
Full Text Available This article explores the nature of temporality, entropy and negentropy, drawing contemporary fiction by Graham Swift and Fiona McGregor as well as the autobiography of Wikileaks founder Julian Assange, to ask questions about history, time and life.
Jones, Glenowyn L.
This annotated bibliography contains a list of 42 recent Chapter Books. The bibliography is divided into the following topics: Adventure-Survival (3 titles); Autobiography-Biography (3 titles); Death (1 title); Easy Readers (8 titles); Good Reading (12 titles); Historical Fiction (10 titles); Mystery (3 titles); Newbery Award Winner, 2000; and…
Conceptualizing learners' individuality as dynamic and contextually situated, this paper reports on an inquiry that examined the genesis of a disabled learner's success in learning foreign languages on the Chinese mainland. Using source texts such as the learner's published diaries, letters and her autobiography, the inquiry revealed that language…
Harkness, Shelly Sheats; D'ambrosio, Beatriz; Morrone, Anastasia S.
In this study, data in the form of (preservice teacher) "student voices" taken from mathematical autobiographies, written at the beginning of the semester, and end-of-semester reflections, were analyzed in order to examine why preservice elementary school teachers were highly motivated in a social constructivist mathematics course in which the…
IN front of me is the Floating Stone, an autobiography-like novel written by a farmer writer. With a not very eye-catching cover and a somewhat baffling name, the book is not quite interesting to me. Care-freely, I took up the book and scanned it. Unexpectedly, I was attracted and finished reading the
This article utilizes a reflexive ethnographic approach in the form of a "layered text" consisting of academic argument, literary criticism, biography, autobiography, and fiction. The dimension of academic argument involves "critical applied linguistics"; the dimension of literary criticism, Fitzgerald's "The Great Gatsby," Algren's "The Man with…
Full Text Available Article submits documents, materials and works of art unknown to the general scientific community, allowing to study E. A. Afanasyeva's creativity. On the basis of its autobiography authors of article tried to make her complete picture vital and a career.
Mendoza, Natasha S.; Bonta, Kimberly; Horn, Philip; Moore, Erin; Gibson, Allison; Simmons, David
The use of fiction and autobiography in social science course work has been shown to enhance students' learning experience. Using the novel PUSH, by Sapphire, we designed a curriculum supplement for the social work course, human behavior and the social environment (HBSE) that encourages students to integrate course content in an innovative way and…
Chinn, Phyllis Zweig, Comp.
This bibliography contains over 1,000 entries organized into seven sections. These include: (1) "Women in Science Bibliographies"; (2) "Journals and Periodicals Which Have Devoted Whole Issues or Frequent Articles to Women in Sciences"; (3) "Biographies and Autobiographies of Women Scientists"; (4) "Differences Between the Sexes--As Proposed by…
Presents the winners of the first five Abel Prizes in mathematics: 2003 - Jean-Pierre Serre; 2004 - Sir Michael Atiyah and Isadore Singer; 2005 - Peter D Lax; 2006 - Lennart Carleson; and 2007 - S R Srinivasa Varadhan. This book provides an autobiography or an interview, a curriculum vitae, and a complete bibliography of each laureate
Eric Luther Newhall
Benjamin Franklin’s religious beliefs have long been a subject of both interest andcontroversy. He has been viewed variously as an atheist, a deist, and an orthodoxChristian. He tells us in his autobiography that during his youth in Boston he was "pointedat with Horror by Good People, as an Infidel or Atheist. Leo Lemay. pointing to
Denniston, Dorothy L.
This paper examines the scope and historical significance of biographies and autobiographies of ex-slaves. The document focuses primarily on accounts of black women published from 1820-1860, but also discusses several narratives from colonial times. Exploits of famous women slaves including Harriet Tubman and Sojourner Truth are analyzed along…
van Nieukerken, A.
Miłosz’s later poetry attempts to overcome the [post]modernist gap between the author as a textual effect and the subject of autobiography. An important stage on this road was his poetry book (in fact, a long poem in its own right) Unattainable Earth. Its form is clearly dialogical. The collection m
What is second language acquisition like from the learner's perspective? I examined published autobiographies authored by those who have documented their language learning journeys. One theme that recurred across the texts was Writing; a sub-theme was Writing life 1 in language 2. Some narrativists/learners described the dissonance, while others…
Full Text Available The thematic collection entitled “Positioning the Field: STS Futures” consists of seven short articles that had their origins in a conference organized by the Science, Knowledge, and Technology Section of the American Sociological Association. These position papers blend autobiography, history, and STS analysis to advocate for specific future directions in STS scholarship.
Popkewitz, Thomas S.
This article focuses on the social formation of research by considering autobiography, biography, and institutions. The discussion covers the relation of U.S. corporate liberalism, Protestant theology, and Jewish identity, and the role of the university in the administration of the state. (TE)
This article reviews the experiences with teaching Jill Ker Conway’s autobiography The Road From Coorain (1989). The two weeks of lectures and seminars were part of a six-week introductory course to Postcolonial Studies for first year undergraduates at the English Department at the University...
Lawyer, mathematician and physician, born in Pavia, Milan, Italy. Lived a life of family and professional drama worthy of a novel and fully documented in an autobiography. Became professor of mathematics at Padua, and of medicine at Pavia and Bologna. Prolific author (200 works) of which his greatest work was Ars Magna (1545, Great Art) which gave the first algebraic solution of cubic equations. ...
In this reflective essay, Alberto Ledesma explores how being undocumented can produce a particular form of writer's block. He argues that there is a pattern of predictable silences and obfuscations inherent in all undocumented immigrant autobiographies that cannot be easily negotiated when undocumented students are asked to write about "their…
Müller, Anders Riel; Tonami, Aki
This paper ask the question of what makes Low Carbon and Green Growth and Low Carbon Society policy concepts that have not only gained foothold in their countries of origin, but also globally. Autobiography analysis is employed to discover the stories that these concepts tell about developmental ...
Ring, Rochelle; Pape, Stephen J.; Tittle, Carol Kehr
This paper investigates changes in attitude using an adapted version of the Fennema-Sherman Mathematics Attitude Scales (F-S MAS). Writing samples, such as student math autobiographies, journals, and responses to mathematical problems, were collected, and student evaluations of teaching across semesters were reviewed. Over three semesters, a…
Sylvia Plath's confessional poem, "Lady Lazarus" can be used to illustrate a connection between autobiography and social critique. "You poke and stir" among the institutions that form social relations--the educational system, the court system, the economic system--to find individuals whose lives, whose joys and pains, and struggles for survival…
This article reviews the experiences with teaching Jill Ker Conway’s autobiography The Road From Coorain (1989). The two weeks of lectures and seminars were part of a six-week introductory course to Postcolonial Studies for first year undergraduates at the English Department at the University of ...
Gunn, Evelyn, Ed.
This black American literature course for grades 10-12 is designed to introduce students to the unique contribution that the black American has made to American life. The course guide is divided into four units--Slave Narrative and Autobiography, Poetry, Short Story, Drama--with suggested activites, including class discussions, small group…
Full Text Available This essay focuses on autobiographical life-writing as a part of commemorative culture, i.e. in East and West Germany. It looks at the literary genre from a sociological point of view. Whereas in literature studies autobiography is seen as a blurred genre, it can be asserted that it functions in public discourse. Hence, autobiographies are an important medium in political and contemporary historical context and are seen to be effective within that context. This essay assumes that published autobiographies are an intentional form of social communication, within the context of and affected by the public culture of remembering. The autobiographies themselves influence these cultures of remembering from the subjective point of view. In this regard, life-writing is not an individual or autonomous act of narrating one's life but rather a social communicative act of writing and narrating life stories in public contexts. Therefore life-writing is a public form of self and contemporary history representation and is politically charged. In other words, "the private becomes political" by addressing it to the public. URN: http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs110294
This book, originally an invited lecture given at Harvard, recounts the formative experiences of Alfred Kazin, a Distinguished Professor of English, Emeritus, at Hunter College and at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York and a well-known literary critic. A blend of autobiography, history, and criticism that moves from New York in…
This article presents a list of the best audiobooks of 2008, selected by intrepid band of audio reviewers, range from tales of Bengali and Haitian immigrants to political autobiographies. There's "cake" from Sloane Crosley and emotional pyromania from David Sedaris; a biographical tribute to Maya Angelou and debut novels laced with the…
McJamerson, Nanthalia W.; And Others
A Reading-for-Empowerment project used a critical social science approach. Phase I of the project was an in-depth study of successful lives to discern the critical factors which lead to success. Four graduate counselor trainees at South Carolina State University examined the autobiographies of Maya Angelou, Zora Neal Hurston, John H. Johnson, and…
Contextes Bataillon, Marcel « La librería del estudiante Morlanes », Homenaje a Don Agustín Millares Carlo, Caja Insular de Ahorros, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, 1975, p. 329-348. Battesti Pélegrin, Jeanne « Nommer les choses : le poète cancioneril par lui-même », B. Hi., XC, 1988, p. 5-25.« La poésie “cancioneril” ou l’anti-autobiographie ? », L’autobiographie dans le monde hispanique, Aix-en-Provence, 1980, p. 95-113. Blanco Aquinaga, Carlos, Rodríguez-Puértolas, Julio y Zavala, Iris M. « Po...
Full Text Available [First paragraph] "Aunque por supuesto nuestro trabajo no es historico (Miguel Barnet" Apart from Manuel Moreno Fraginals's El ingenio, there is hardly any other book in Cuban historiography that has met with such wide circulation as Biografia de un cimarron by Miguel Barnet.1 It is, in spite of a series of contradictions, the classic in testimonio literature for contemporary studies on slavery as well as for the genre of historical slave narratives extending far beyond Cuba. In particular the various new editions and translations, such as the English versions that have been published under the titles Autobiography of a Runaway Slave (Barnet 1968, Autobiography of a Runaway Slave (Esteban Montejo & Miguel Barnet 1993 or Biography of a Runaway Slave (Barnet 1994 and the discussion that Barnet's book stimulated bear witness to this position.2
Sparkes, Andrew C; Pérez-Samaniego, Víctor; Smith, Brett
Drawing on data generated by life history interviews and fieldwork observations we illuminate the ways in which a young elite athlete named David (a pseudonym) gave meaning to his experiences of cancer that eventually led to his death. Central to this process were the ways in which David utilized both social comparisons and a narrative map provided by the published autobiography of Lance Armstrong (2000). Our analysis reveals the selective manner in which social comparison processes operated around the following key dimensions: mental attitude to treatment; the sporting body; the ageing body; and physical appearance. The manner in which different comparison targets were chosen, the ways in which these were framed by Armstrong's autobiography, and the work that the restitution narrative as an actor did in this process are also examined. Some reflections are offered regarding the experiential consequences of the social comparison processes utilized by David when these are shaped by specific forms of embodiment and selective narrative maps of cancer survival.
In 1965 the Nobel Foundation honored Sin-Itiro Tomonaga, Julian Schwinger, and Richard Feynman for their fundamental work in quantum electrodynamics and the consequences for the physics of elementary particles. In contrast to both of his colleagues only Richard Feynman appeared as a genius before the public. In his autobiographies he managed to connect his behavior, which contradicted several social and scientific norms, with the American myth of the "practical man". This connection led to the image of a common American with extraordinary scientific abilities and contributed extensively to enhance the image of Feynman as genius in the public opinion. Is this image resulting from Feynman's autobiographies in accordance with historical facts? This question is the starting point for a deeper historical analysis that tries to put Feynman and his actions back into historical context. The image of a "genius" appears then as a construct resulting from the public reception of brilliant scientific research.
As a young man, while measuring the Paris Meridian in the Balearic Islands, the French astronomer Francois Arago was caught up in events of the Peninsular and Napoleonic Wars and found himself under arrest in Algiers. Released from custody and returning from Algiers to Marseille in 1809, he was detained again, this time by the British Royal Navy warship HMS Minstrel, but let go. The Algerian ships with which he was traveling were captured and taken to Gibraltar. The incident caused an abrupt deterioration in Anglo-Algerian relations, which however recovered when Napoleon declared war on Algiers. A comparison of the account in his autobiography with the logs of Royal Navy ships confirms the outline and many details of his account of his arrest but also sheds light on the reliability of his autobiography.
Full Text Available Anania Širakacci, a scientist (mathematician, cosmologist, astronomer, etc. from the 7th century, is among the most original figures in Armenian literature. Anania Širakacci, a scientist (mathematician, cosmologist, astronomer, etc. from the 7th century, is among the most original figures in Armenian literature. His autobiography ‒ a brief text dating back to the last phase of his scholarly activity ‒ provides a description of contemporary Armenian culture, highlighting its many deficiencies. Furthermore, it details the efforts of a brilliant man ‒ Anania himself ‒ devoted to obtaining abroad (i.e. in the Byzantine world the knowledge and resources that were not available in his home country, and to spreading them among his compatriots. This article includes a translation of the Autobiography as well as a linguistic, historical, and philological commentary on it.
interact, this volume makes a major contribution to our understanding of the processes and practices through which editors and publishers affect translation. Essays examine the modalities of editing in contexts of rewriting, retranslation, autobiography, and colonialism, and publisher practices...... with respect to prefacing, book format, titling and marketing. Contributors draw on empirical research in different historical and contemporary settings involving a rich variety of languages, including Danish, English, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Swedish, and Turkish....
Helder Thiago Maia
Full Text Available In this paper, I undertake a comparative analysis of the first pieces to narrate the life of the nun-alferez Catalina Erauso, better known as Alonso de Guzman, with a special focus on issues of gender and sexuality. Here I analyze: the first text to address the character, the play of Montalbán, the first published autobiography, Ferrer’s edition, and the first film produced on the subject by director Gomez de Muriel
Relying on an audience of one for their impact, the verse letters of John Donne are closer to autobiography than anything else in his poetry. Among the most tender of these lyrics are the verse letters written to a young man named Thomas Woodward, whose older brother was one of Donne's closest friends. Using sexual metaphors, the poems reflect a homoerotic undercurrent and demonstrate affection that most readers of Donne associate only with his heterosexual love poems.
Prat i Carós, Joan
The author focuses on life stories related to processes of migration as he discusses a wide range of materials pursuant to the biographical method, such as biographies, autobiographies, life stories and accounts, whether personal, collective or intersecting; written by the migrants themselves or, more often, by anthropologists and sociologists who have lent their voices to the voiceless. By means of ethnographic descriptions or personal remembrances, or both, he attempts to reflect as much th...
In 1965 the Nobel Foundation honored Sin-Itiro Tomonaga, Julian Schwinger, and Richard Feynman for their fundamental work in quantum electrodynamics and the consequences for the physics of elementary particles. In contrast to both of his colleagues only Richard Feynman appeared as a genius before the public. In his autobiographies he managed to connect his behavior, which contradicted several social and scientific norms, with the American myth of the "practical man". This connection led to th...
This personal and professional autobiography covers the 50-yr period of 1950-2000 and includes the following topics: History of the University of Washington School of Medicine and its Department of Biochemistry (Mount Rainier and the University of Washington, recruiting faculty, biology, research programs); scientific editing (publication, Biochemistry, Protein Science, electronic publication); Europe revisited (Heidelberg, approaching retirement, the German Research Center, reunion in Vienna); and 50 yr of research on proteolytic enzymes (trypsin, carboxypeptidases, mast cell proteases, future developments).
F. X. Charet's article, 'Understanding Jung: recent biographies and scholarship', is full of errors and legends. In this article, I demonstrate the tendentiousness of his criticisms of the historical work of Eugene Taylor and myself concerning Jung's linkages with the subliminal psychology of Théodore Flournoy, William James, and F. W. H. Myers, and the fallaciousness of his criticism of my claim that Memories, Dreams, Reflections was not Jung's autobiography.
Russell and Jeannette E. Muther , A History of the United Nations h (Washington D.C.: The Brookings Institution 1958), p. 55, footnote 27. China’s UN...York: Praeger Publishers, 1992), p. 16. 12 Richard (New York: The Free Press, 1973), pp. 15-16. 13 See for example Werner J. Feld, Robert S. Jordan...unaccustomed to outsiders." Richard Pyle, ’"Desert Storm IL Saudi Commander Blasts Schwarzkopf Autobiography," Associated Press (New York: October 20
Uutest plaatidest Marillion "Marbles", "The Prodigy", Massive Attack "Danny The Dog", Metallica "Some Kind Of Monster", Rammstein "Reise, Reise", Ahlee Simpson "Autobiography", Robbie Williams "Greatest Hits", Freestyles "Rawas F**K", "Michael Moore: Fahrenheit 9/11", Marilyn Manson "Lest We Forget", Gregorian "the Dark Side", Kool & The Kang "The Hits", Dream Theater "Live At Budokan", Feist "Let It Die", Compay Segundo, depeche Mode "Remixes", Bryan Adams "Room Service", mark Knopfler "Shangri La", Alfie "Soundtrack", Brian Wilson "Smile"
This article takes a close look at Towards Reflective Teach-ing, by Jack C. Richards. His article first explains what reflec-tive teaching is, and then presents the various reflective ap-proaches such as peer observation, self-reports, auto-biographies, journals and collaborative diary keeping. This arti-cle then goes on and draws from actual teaching experience toconclude that these approaches are extremely useful for the im-provement of foreign language teaching.
Based on a corpus that includes nine Mexican novels, published between 2000 and 2010 by Guillermo Arreola, Mario Bellatin, Patricia Laurent Kullick, Guadalupe Nettel, Cristina Rivera Garza and Jorge Volpi, this work investigates the specificities and convergences of fictional writing in first person at the beginning of the 21st century. Whether the tales happen to be frankly fictional, supposedly autobiographical or autofictional, they all get away from the canonical example of autobiography ...
Abrams XMl Main Battle Tank. In May 1979 Stratford Division contracted for the first 110 XMI production engines. 2 8 Avco Lycoming also introduced the...helicopter accomplishments see his autobiography The Study of Winged-S; Moran, Aeroplanes Vought, p. 71; Norman Polmar and Floyd D. Kennedy, Jr., Military... Floyd D. Jr. Military Helicopters of the World. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1981. Concise guide to historic and contemporary helicopters
@@ 去世一百年之后,马克·吐温(1835-1910)又出新书了! 2010年11月中旬,(Autobiography of Mark Twain,加州大学出版社,定价三十五美元)在美国出版,广受读者欢迎.首印销售一空,加印六次仍不能满足读者需求.
Nabokov's autobiographies in Russian and in English are indeed quite different. Based on the sentence from Speak, Memory's foreword quoted above, we can assume that some of those differences are based on the language of creation. Other factors, such as two very different readerships and a drastic change in Nabokov's reputation (Lolita appeared between Drugie berega and Speak, Memory), affect Nabokov's writing in each. The present study recognizes this, but offers a framework for identifying w...
Full Text Available Cet article étudie les rapports entre humains et animaux mis en scène dans l’œuvre d’Élise Turcotte, notamment dans Pourquoi faire une maison avec ses morts et Autobiographie de l’esprit. Les animaux familiers offrent aux narratrices une consolation et un accompagnement dans la souffrance, ce qui provoque chez elles une identification avec les animaux malades ou morts à qui elles sont confrontées.
Ostensibly being a semi-autobiographical travel account, The Towers of Trebizond presents a character who resurrects from the ashes of the ancient city. The novel uses autobiography to provide seriousness to the satiric comedy of the travellers and employs the ancient city in order to revive the sense of fantasy and colourful imagination. The author compares the innocent woman to the ancient Trebizond while her present state is compared to the decayed contemporary Trabzon. So, this paper argu...
The discovery of Lucy Brewer’s autobiography led the Marine Corps to acknowledge that she was perhaps the first woman Marine.5 In 1918, the...the team removed their Kevlar helmets and glasses .. This showed the Iraqi women that the Lioness members were in fact female and seemed to put...communicated ~sing the interpreter. During the engagement, the women Marines removed their Kevlar helmets allowing the Afghan women to observe that
Minde, Emma; Ahenakew, Freda, Ed.; Wolfart, H. C., Ed.
Emma Minde (nee Memnook)was born in 1907 in Saddle Lake, Alberta. In 1927 she was given by her father in an arranged marriage to Joe Minde, who lived in Hobbema, Alberta. In this recorded autobiography taped in 1988 when she was 81 years old, little is said about her parents and her life as a child other than that she spent 7 years at a…
Kameshwar C Wali
Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, known simply as Chandra in the scientiﬁc world, is one of the foremost scientists of the 20th century. In celebrating his birth centenary, I present a biographical portrait of an extraordinary, but a highly private individual unknown to the world at large. Drawing upon his own ``A Scientiﬁc Autobiography,” I reﬂect upon his legacy as a scientist and a great human being.
Motulsky, Arno G; King, Mary-Claire
It is my great pleasure to have been asked by the Editorial Committee of the Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics to write a short autobiography of my life in genetics over the past 70 years. It has been a great adventure. I came both to America and to human genetics by a circuitous and ultimately very fortunate route. I hope the next generation of geneticists will enjoy reading about it.
Full Text Available Abstract: Marguerite Duras has always refused to be seen as belonging to a particular group or movement. Nevertheless, reading her complex work (text, drama, film, we find out a feminist project and voice at the same time. This paper proposes a reading of part of the author’s corpus following the narrow links between her life (autobiography, politics (feminist project as well as her aesthetics (writing.
Full Text Available Autoethnography is an approach to research and writing that seeks to describe and systematically analyze personal experience in order to understand cultural experience. This approach challenges canonical ways of doing research and representing others and treats research as a political, socially-just and socially-conscious act. A researcher uses tenets of autobiography and ethnography to do and write autoethnography. Thus, as a method, autoethnography is both process and product.
Full Text Available The paper is a contribution to a series of recollections and reflections on the professional experiences of distinguished economists which the Banca Nazionale del Lavoro Quarterly Review started in 1979. This is the second part of Nicholas Georgescu-Roegen’s contribution to the series, the first part having appeared in the March 1988 issue. JEL Codes: B31Keywords: Nicholas Georgescu-Roegen, autobiography
ed. Elting E. Morison, John M. Blum, and Alfred D. Chan- dler (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Univ. Press, 1952–54), vol. 6, p. 791 [hereafter Letters... Elting E. Morison (New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1913; repr. New York: Da Capo, 1985), p. 563 [hereafter Autobiography]; Frederick W. Marks III...strategy for establishing and maintaining sea control in times of confl ict , Beijing’s assessment of those capabilities may be critical to uncovering the
Alberto Prieto Calixto
Full Text Available This essay deals with the captivity ordeal that Alvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca wrote in his autobiography Naufragios de Alvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca (1542- 1555. By means of the rethorical device of the anecdote, certain subversive situations to the order established by the official discourse are treated and Cabeza de Vaca is able to depict an overall positive and human image of his indigenous captors.
Bonde, Lars Ole
In the music therapy masters program at Aalborg University (Denmark) Music and Identity is a short, intensive course, based on a musical autobiography written by each participating student. Since 1999 almost 100 students have written a narrative of their musical life story. This article will focu...... Theory (Abrams & Meadows 2005). Patterns of identity construction are presented, and the roles and functions of music in different stages of life discussed, including the self-reported influence of music on the students' health.......In the music therapy masters program at Aalborg University (Denmark) Music and Identity is a short, intensive course, based on a musical autobiography written by each participating student. Since 1999 almost 100 students have written a narrative of their musical life story. This article will focus...... on contributions from students participating from 2010-12 (n=21). Musical autobiographies have been analyzed (a) using the theoretical model of Even Ruud (1997, 1998), (b) as thematic analysis (Braun & Clark 2006), (c) using RepGrid, a qualitative research methodology based on George Kelly’s Personal Construct...
Full Text Available The Seventies witnessed a renewed scientific interest in the literary genre of autobiography, even by researchers in disciplinary areas not strictly philological or literary. But, if often autobiographical narrative is used as a legitimation of a personal choice – especially in ethical and political realm – in the most recent works, the resurgence of “women’s pages” and the concomitant successful researches by scholars in different fields (history, education, and literature have made their way to a reformulation of the value of the autobiography itself, not only as a meta-historical issue led to the formation of a national identity, but increasingly as a powerful key to introspection. Once women have become masters in this literary genre, autobiographies have become instruments to capture the inner self and categories have largely diverted to a more intimate life, in a space apart to better hear themselves. Interest in the autobiographies was born under this gender difference: descending into the abyss of the female autobiographical writings can illuminate parts of real life, guess censorship, look closely at the passing of everyday experience. The writer’s life is moving in this complex space, a place where desires for personal fulfillment usually fight against family responsibilities and social engagements, with traditional educational models and new projects for the future. Acting in this context is not simple, nor easy, because sometimes the strategies that women still represent are defined as coercive, more as resignations than options. The autobiographies analyzed in the essays that follow, give us examples of rebellion and revolt – more or less openly – put into action not to resign to inequality, especially when not only social rules refer to ways and times exclusively male, but when this injustice is seen in its full tragic sense. Then, rebellion in deeds and words is unavoidable and necessary. Received: 27
Full Text Available Aristotle said that where the historian tells us what took place, the poet tells us how it came about. More recently, Gore Vidal defined ‘memoir’ as how one remembers one’s own life as distinct from an autobiography which is history, requiring research into dates and facts which must be double-checked. Memory and Myth play an important role in memoir, allowing the writer to incorporate the real underpinnings of a story that has been lived through rather than simply the account of a sequence of actual events. It might also be argued that the patina of memory that coats the ‘memoir’, as distinct from autobiography, might indeed add its own dimension, taking the account of something very real into a more surreal space. What I call my Rora stories published in Spanish under the title Todas Esas Guerras-- All Those Wars – have never appeared as a collection in English but have been published separately in literary journals. These stories, the very closest I think I will ever come to writing autobiography, grew out of a need to explore my own background – so fragmented in terms of geography, history and culture – at a time when, as a writer, I felt the desperate need to find out exactly who this multicultural person with her mixed baggage might be. The Queen of Dreams, one of the stories in the collection, uses the memory of the child Rora as she attempts to understand the drama and magic of sexuality and love in a grown-up, intolerant world at war. While the story explores the child’s personal history, it also reflects the psyche of Australia at that particular moment.
Benjamin Franklin knows clearly the significance of identity,and his autobiography is a textual allegory about identity,which reveals a metaphor of identity pursuit and construction. However,the construc-tion of Franklin’s ideal identity goes far beyond his autobiography,but is embedded in the historical and multi-textual context of his epitaph,wills and autobiography,among which Franklin has converged his profes-sional identity as a printer,artistic identity as a poetic writer and cultural identity as a metaphorical national father into an inseparable integration,thus presenting before the world a myth of“trinitarian”identity. In this way,Franklin managed subliming his personal identity pursuit in profession and art into the whole nation’s collective recognition on the cultural level.%富兰克林洞悉身份之要义，其自传更是一部有关身份的文本寓言，满含有关身份追求与建构的隐喻。然而，富兰克林理想身份的定义远远超越了单一的自传文本，而是在其墓志铭、遗嘱、自传等多重文本和历史语境中，书写了一个“三位一体”式的身份神话，即将自己作为印刷人的职业身份、作为诗意作家的艺术身份、作为隐喻国父的文化身份融为一体，从而将个人在职业和艺术层面的身份诉求升华为国家和民族在文化层面的集体认同。
Carolina Anglada de Rezende
Full Text Available In position of the extensive discussion about the autobiography and its questioned status as a literary genre, this article aims to discuss the comparative gesture and his autobiographical traces in the works of two writers who, each in his own way, break the protocol associated with the writings of the self. In the foreground, it is the work A idade viril of Michel Leiris, in which writing, confession, memories and dreams merge, which will be compared to Photomaton & Vox, meeting of essays, reviews, poems and reports of the portuguese poet Herbert Helder.
Casimir, himself a famous physician, studied and worked with three great physicists of the twentieth century: Niels Bohr, Wolfgang Pauli and Paul Ehrenfest. In his autobiography, the brilliant theoretician lets the reader witness the revolution that led to quantum physics, whose influence on modern society turned out to be many times larger than the first atomic physicists could have imagined. Through his involvement in the technical-scientific and the business aspects of physics, through management positions at Philips Research Laboratory and as a member of the Board of Directors of Philips,
Full Text Available This article constitutes the slightly modified italian version of a conference held at Trinity College in San Antonio, Texas, the text of which is being published in Lives of the Laureates - Enlarges Edition, MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass. In it, Nobel laureate Franco Modigliani offers readers an informal lesson on modern economic thought through an autobiographical essay touching on his life, career and intellectual development. JEL Codes: B31Keywords: Lives of the Laureates, Franco Modigliani, recollections, autobiography, economic thought
In 1850 the magazine Household Words, which Charles Dickens edited, published three articles describing the instruments and workings of the Royal Observatory, Greenwich. These 'popular' articles are invaluable primary sources for the historian of astronomy. They convey some of the Victorian public's fascination with an Institution believed by some to be a lighthouse for night-time shipping on the river Thames; by others, a national repository of 'divining rods' and 'magic mirrors'. Dickens was clearly impressed by the pragmatic usefulness of the Observatory to a commercial and maritime nation, and by seemingly magical, self-acting and recording instruments whereby the wind wrote its own 'Aeolian Autobiography'.
Adriana Virginia Bonatto
Full Text Available Visto al pasar. República, guerra y exilio is the autobiographical story of a woman from the Republican faction who was driven to permanent exile in Argentina after the Spanish Civil War. The documentary value of her book resides not only in its detailed reconstruction of life and habits during the years of the war, but also in the experiences of Carmen García Antón with world-wide known writers and artists. Moreover, the book invites a reflection on the strategies to legitimize and construct the subject's identity in contemporary Autobiography.
Hansen, Mie; Sommer Olsen, Jaqueline; Andersen, Trine; Madsbøll Møller, Andrea
This project focuses on the civil rights struggle of 1950s through the 1960s in America. The main data which has been used throughout our investigation are Frantz Fanon’s The Wretched on Earth, Eldridge Cleaver’s Soul on Ice, Malcolm X and Alex Haley’s The Autobiography of Malcolm X, Mark Kurlansky’s 1968 – Året, der rystede verden ,and finally David Howard-Pitney’s Martin Luther King Jr., Malcolm X, and the Civil Rights Struggle of the 1950s and 1960s. The main part of the project consist...
@@ Ⅰ Historians of modern science have good reasons to be grateful to Paul Arthur Schilpp, professor of philosophy and Methodist clergyman but better known as the editor of a series of volumes on "Living Philosophers," including several on scientist - philosophers. His motto was: "The asking of questions about a philosopher' s meaning while he is alive." And to his everlasting credit, he persuaded Albert Einstein to do what he had resisted all his years: to sit down to write, in 1946 at age sixty - seven, an extensive autobiography- forty - five pages long in print.
@@ Ⅰ Historians of modern science have good reasons to be grateful to Paul Arthur Schilpp, professor of philosophy and Methodist clergyman but better known as the editor of a series of volumes on" Living Philosophers", including several on scientist-philosophers. His motto was:"The asking of questions about a philosopher's meaning while he is alive." And to his everlasting credit, he persuaded Albert Einstein to do what he had resisted all his years: to sit down to write, in 1946 at age sixty-seven, an extensive autobiography-forty-five pages long in print.
Hershberg, Sandra G
This chapter is an exploration of the psychoanalytic aspects of biography and the biographical aspects of psychoanalysis. The narratives that emerge from biography and psychoanalytic treatment incorporate elements of empathy, ideology (theory), and transference/countertransference and are co-constructed within an intersubjective field involving the subjectivities of both participants, the biographer and her subject and the analyst and her analysand. I will provide examples that demonstrate the way in which these processes play out in the biographical realm. Correspondingly, I will illustrate the way in which the analyst's biography and analysand's autobiography change in the course of the psychoanalytic treatment. Salient differences between biographical and psychoanalytic endeavors are also discussed.
0 （Abbreviation of Osnos） ： How did you become focused on Freud？ W （Abbreviation of Wang Ning） ： I found that many of the American writers were greatly influenced by psychoanalysis, especially by Freud. So I took some time reading some of the books written by Freud, such as Introductory Lectures on Psychoanalysis, New Introductory Lectures on Psychoanalysis, Beyond the Pleasure Principles and An Autobiographi- cal Study. And in 1983, I attended a conference, a national conference on psychoanalysis in Nanjing and submitted a paper on Freudian influence on modern and contemporary Western literature.
Arthur Miller, one of the most admirable of Americans to come out of the ″American century″, died in 2005, aged 89. In the UK, at least, his work has undergone a revival and the themes of his great plays remain resonant, even though, in many respects, they are historically specific. The relationship between literature and history - whether conceived as a symbolist or allegorical relationship - together with an instance of the past invading the present, are brought out in a compelling episode in Miller's autobiography, Timebends, and offer a way of talking about those inter-connections in The Crucible.
Aristotle University of Greece
Full Text Available Ian D. Copestake’s monograph on William Carlos Williams’s poetry offers a well-informed and well-documented insight into the connection between Williams’s writing with Unitarianism and Emersonian thinking. In this very well-written and accessible book, the reader gets introduced to a number of poems in addition to excerpts from Williams’s essays, letters and autobiography which facilitate the understanding and appreciation of the poet’s attempt to promote “independent thought and action” (5....
Full Text Available The real action was taking place behind the scenes.Irwin Pincus, music publisherA couple of weeks ago, while researching for this paper, I decided to read again Chronicles, Bob Dylan’s autobiography. Chapter 4 deals with the recording in a rented New Orleans mansion of Oh Mercy, the 1989 album produced by Daniel Lanois, unanimously hailed as Dylan’s resurrection. Dylan insists on the significant impact Lanois had on his own artistry. Through conversations, flashes of rage and frustration, and...
Full Text Available In this paper, we will look at two important voices in contemporary psychoanalysis, Didier Anzieu and Christopher Bollas, who from a theoretical perspective have tried to devise new genres to express their thinking. The result of this is hybrid texts that com-bine autobiography, essay, case study, fiction, comedy and poetry. In their theoretical work, Anzieu and Bollas have examined creativity and processes of thinking, predomi-nantly from the perspective of object-relations psychoanalysis, although both are known as eclectic thinkers, who do not belong to just one school of psychoanalysis.
Kestenbaum, Clarice J
The need to create order out of chaos is a driving force, ethologicalty determined, and part of the human condition. Narrative, especially autobiography and self narrative, helps us sort out myriad fantasies, events, and images, weaving them into a cohesive whole that eventually promotes self-awareness. The narratives of Virginia Woolf, St. Augustine, and Samuel Beckett are briefly described. Attachment theory and current research demonstrates that secure attachment is a first step in the socialization process and helps put one's life in perspective. The therapeutic use of narrative is demonstrated by three clinical vignettes of patients with various psychiatric disorders who had successful therapeutic outcomes.
the concept in “Cultura política sobre inteligencia: Hacia un encuentro con la sociedad ,” in Terrorismo global: Gestión de información y servicios...Among them, for Colombia, see autobiographies by Evelio Buitrago Salazar, Zarpazo, otra cara de la violencia : Memorias de un suboficial del ejército de...security and, of course, to secure legitimacy, in the society in general. In this 49 Ulrich Beck, La Sociedad del riesgo: Hacia una nueva
This is a historical account of the first known case of stuttering therapy in Norway. In his autobiography, school administrator and politician Nils Hertzberg relates how he in 1837 as a 10-year-old boy travelled on horseback, skis and by boat across Norway from west to east and back in order to receive therapy from a travelling German speech teacher C.F. Bansmann. The article provides extracts from the exciting and dramatic journey, describes Bansmann's method and offers some comments on stuttering and stuttering therapy.
This article explores the intersection between trans identity and technology as it manifests in trans video blogs on YouTube. Taking my point of departure in eight case-study vloggers I analyse the different ways that the vlog can work as a medium of transformation. The vlogs engender the ongoing...... process of ‘becoming’ man/woman/trans by inscribing the vlogger in multiple and intersubjective reflections, being visible to themselves and others as an image. I argue that the co-production of trans identity in/through the vlog takes the shape of a mirror, a digital diary or autobiography...
Patzwald, Gari-Anne; Wildt, Sister Carol Marie
The School Sisters of Notre Dame (SSND) archives program in a cooperative system for the arrangement and preservation of the records of the SSND provinces in North America, including records of individual sisters. Archival records include autobiographies, school and college transcripts, employment histories, and family socioeconomic data. The Nun Study, a longitudinal study of Alzheimer's disease and aging in 678 SSND sisters, compares data extracted from these records with data on late-life cognitive and physical function and postmortem brain neuropathology to explore early life factor that may affect late-life cognitive function and longevity.
Full Text Available Park, as the autobiography of his Creator, reflects the events of the life of S. N. Khudekov, moral and aesthetic values, impressions, affections, transmitted through literary and mythological images. The semantics of small architectural forms multivalued and includes themes of Love, Faith, Hope, Patience, Justice, Families, Ballet, Literature, Military glory, in the Morning, creating a unified ensemble. The symbolism inherent in the Romantic style, is transmitted sculptures made by the famous French firm of Antonie Durеnne. The Khudekov’s Park is great not only the organic combination of different styles of landscape, but also its ideological content, expertly crafted fine connoisseur of art Sergey Nikolaevich Khudekov.
Full Text Available This article analizes the books of mexican writer Sergio Pitol (1933 El arte de la fuga (1997, El viaje (2000 and El mago de Viena (2005, included in Trilogía de la memoria (2007. These texts conform a literary autobiography created from a mixture of critic, road diaries and autobiographical narrative. The article analizes the way in which the writer tells his life through his readings and his creative process, the clues about his work that can be found in these texts, as well as the main characteristics and precedents of these hybrid contemporary forms.
Full Text Available This article explores Leila Ahmed’s A Border Passage, and Nawal El Saadawi’s Memoirs from the Women’s Prison, A Daughter of Isis, and Walking Through Fire. It contrasts their works and argues that location and genderawareness play an important role in the writing of autobiographies. The focus is on showing how El Saadawi’s positioning as a feminist activist in Egypt and Ahmed’s location in the USA determine the texts’ themes and shape the construction of the autobiographical “I.”
Taylor, Janette Y; Mackin, Melissa A Lehan; Oldenburg, Angela M
Racial autobiography, self-narratives on how one learned about the idea of race, has been underutilized as a tool to familiarize and orient students in the process of critical inquiry for nursing research. The aims of this article are to explore how racial autoethnography: (1) repositions students to effect an epistemological change, (2) challenges dominant ideology, and (3) functions as a link between the student and critical theories for use in nursing research. Students engage in and share reflective narrative about a variety of instructional materials used in the course. Reflective narratives are presented in a framework that addresses white racial identity development.
Although now used for a wide range of functions such as education, marketing and political commentary, blogs were originally a space for narrating personal life stories and have much in common with autobiography and diary genres. This article examines (in)fertility blogs written by women trying...... and traditional discourses concerning fertility. I show how bloggers use their blogs to 'make sense' of their (in)fertility experiences by looking at the distinctive content, style and format of their blogs. Finally, the knowledge produced in the blogs is problematized by 'situating' them within a broader...
長岡, 真吾; NAGAOKA, Shingo
Maybe it's a mere coincidence that William Gibson's Neuromancer(1984) was published only a year after Timothy Leary's autobiography Flashbacks(1983). It seems, however, that this coincidence may suggest interesting synchronicity. Neuromancer is a classic, a bible, and a forefather of the 1980s' Cyberpunks, which at once opened up new territory in not only the field of SF but the whole field of contemporary fiction. And in '90s it is still re-presenting itself as a fast-speaking yet trustworth...
Reinecke Hansen, Kenneth; Bro, Peter; Andersson, Ralf
Save ten steps a day for each of twelve thousand employees and you will have saved fifty miles of wasted motion and misspent energy. Those are the principles of which the production of my plant was built,? the founder of the Ford automobile company, Henry Ford, wrote in his autobiography My Life...... and Work (1922). Ford?s views on the optimal calibration of the production process in his plants came to inspire the workflows in companies within the car industry and many other fields. But the inspiration from what has since been termed Fordism ? and at times also termed Taylorism with reference...
Full Text Available Nabokov's autobiographies in Russian and in English are indeed quite different. Based on the sentence from Speak, Memory's foreword quoted above, we can assume that some of those differences are based on the language of creation. Other factors, such as two very different readerships and a drastic change in Nabokov's reputation (Lolita appeared between Drugie berega and Speak, Memory, affect Nabokov's writing in each. The present study recognizes this, but offers a framework for identifying which differences are directly related to language.
Krausz, Luis S.
This article draws a parallel between Jakob Wassermann's interest in the history of Kaspar Hauser, which led him to write a novel still considered as the most eloquent literary rendering of this episode, and his own situation as an outsider in German culture. Wassermann's feeling of alienation towards his own country is expressed in his autobiography, titled “Mein Weg als Deutscher und Jude” and his “Kaspar Hauser” is seen here a kind of "estrangement novel", a term which is a counterpoint to...
Duran López, Fernando
Full Text Available The brief autobiography written by José Cadalso in 1773, unknown until its discovery in 1967, has driven to some interpretations in many different and contradictory ways. This work has a great importance in order to describe Cadalso's personality, and it presuposes also an unique testimonial on the Spanish autobiographical literature of the eigteenth century. This paper aims at making a critical revision of the different readings included in that little work and try to study not only its style and structure, but also its selection of the biographical information found in the memoirs and its consecuent development. The conclusion is that Cadalso's work is an early autobiography in a modern sense, introspective and full OS moral and psychological preoccupations. This autobiography takes a distance from the rest of Spanish modern autobiographies in the fact of being a work written in Cadalso's young years, in the middle of incertitudes to the future and not with the intention of making an overview of his past life.La breve autobiografía de José Cadalso, escrita en 1773 y desconocida hasta su descubrimiento en 1967, ha dado lugar a interpretaciones muy diversas y contradictorias. Es una obra que posee un gran valor para caracterizar la personalidad de Cadalso y también supone un testimonio único dentro de la literatura autobiográfica en la España del siglo XVIII. En el artículo se efectúa una revisión crítica de las distintas opiniones vertidas sobre este opúsculo, se estudia su estilo, su estructura, la selección del material biográfico incluido en estos recuerdos y su desarrollo. La conclusión de este estudio caracteriza la obra de Cadalso como una precoz autobiografía de estilo moderno, introspectiva y dominada por inquietudes morales y psicológicas, que se distingue de todas las otras autobiografías modernas españolas por su condición de escritor juvenil, presidido por la incertidumbre ante el futuro antes que por el balance
Full Text Available By applying terminology from trauma theory and a methodological approach from comics scholarship, this essay discusses three graphic autobiographies of women. These are A Game for Swallows by Zeina Abirached (trans. Edward Gauvin, 2012, We are on our Own by Miriam Katin (2006, and Persepolis by Marjane Satrapi (trans. Anjali Singh, 2004. Two issues are at the centre of the investigation: the strategies by which these works engage in the much-debated issues of representing gendered violence, and the representation of the ways traumatized daughters and their mothers deal with the identity crises caused by war.
Suedfeld, Peter; Brcic, Jelena
Erikson (1959) proposed a theoretical basis for healthy psychosocial development. His theory posits eight critical conflict situations throughout one's lifetime, each of which can result in a favorable or unfavorable resolution. Autobiographies, memoirs, interviews, personal diaries, and oral histories of 97 international astronauts were content analyzed to assess reported resolutions of Erikson's psychosocial crises, regardless of chronological sequence. We made comparisons across flight phases (before, during, and after), gender, nationality of home space agency, and flight duration. Astronauts reported more favorable than unfavorable outcomes across flight phases and demographic variables. Differences across demographic variables and flight phases, as well as the changes as a result of the flight are discussed.
Núria Calafell Sala
Full Text Available This paper suggests an alternative reading of Alejandra Pizarnik’s Diaries, published in 2003 by Lumen. To that end, we will first consider the difficulties of the subgenre "intimate diaries" affiliated with the autobiographical discourse and, more generally, with Literature. Secondly, we will consider the importance of a female writer. Assuming that diaristic writing is a writing on the threshold, we will use Paul de Man’s and Jacques Derrida’s theories about autobiography and will generate a generic counterpoint –in both senses of the term- employing Nora Catelli’s theory.
As the leading figure of western countries, America has her special values. As an ideal of pursuing happiness and perfection, the American Dream becomes the motivation of them in their lives. Homeless to Harvard is a inspirational film which is based on Liz Murray’s autobiography Breaking Night. This movie tells a story about an ordinary girl suffers a hard circumstance when she grows up, but she never gives in. According to this movie, this thesis gives a brief introduction of the American Dream and explores it throughout the heroine’s touching experience, thus publicizing equality, freedom and struggle of American values and attacking abandoned attitude of life.
In two recent studies of the dedication formulai(?)n.f m mnw.f, Sayed Tawfik and Günther Vittmann mention very few examples in which it is employed by private individuals. Tawfik states that the rare instances of that kind are those in which the dedication is made to one’s ancestors, though the passage he cites from the autobiography of Chnumhotpe II does not conform to that pattern. Vittmann adds Cairo CG 23019, an offering table with two parallel formulae recording a dedication at the staircases of Osiris and Wepwawet at Abydos in exchange for funerary wishes and offerings, and he also includes an example from Meir.
Full Text Available Music and narrative share similar goals – the expression of thoughts, feelings, emotions, and meanings. While narrative may be employed as an oral or literary form, as a research tool, or as a therapeutic technique, music, as an art form, is most often perceived as a performance art or compositional act. Elements of both music and narrative have common ontological roots in human communication and expression. Over the past 50 years, both music and narrative have gained stature as therapeutic practices. The first two parts of this paper will focus on how music may be used to narrate events and to express personal meaning in both art and therapy. The third part will reveal the results of a pilot research study that explored the relationship between verbal narrative and music improvisation in the creation of an autobiography. The subjects (4 music therapists narrated their autobiography, then improvised on each period (Narrative Improvisation Method – NIM, or performed the tasks in reverse order (Improvisation Narrative Method – INM. Musical and verbal data were analyzed to compare what was evoked in the music and in the narrative. Subjects were interviewed about their experiences in both methods and the interview data were analyzed to gain a deeper understanding of the process. Implications for the development of clinical and research techniques that integrate both verbal and music narration are discussed.
Patricia F. Tarantello
Full Text Available While scholarship on Benjamin Franklin’s Autobiography describes his use of persona in nuanced terms, scholarship on Franklin’s earlier writings tends to characterize his use of persona as simply a device he used to eliminate personal details from his texts. This article, focused on Franklin’s Poor Richard persona, argues that he conceived of literary persona not simply as a tool to protect his anonymity, but also as a means of self-promotion and self-representation. Franklin used Poor Richard to make a space for himself in the literary marketplace, build a readership for the almanac, and create a positive public reputation for himself. Franklin’s early experiments in performing sincerity and authenticity through an invented personality prefigure the performances of identity he would deploy through his authorial persona in The Autobiography. Thus, by examining Franklin’s construction of identity in Poor Richard’s Almanack, we learn more about how he crafted a public identity for himself.
Full Text Available Im Sammelband von Hilary Brown und Gillian Dow werden die Kommunikationsnetze und der kulturelle Austausch zwischen den intellektuellen und schreibenden Frauen im Europa des 18. und 19. Jahrhunderts untersucht. Insbesondere wird auf die Analyse der verzweigten Verbindungen gelehrter Frauen verschiedener Länder eingegangen, unter Berücksichtigung ihrer Briefwechsel, ihrer gegenseitigen Besuche und ihrer in literarischen Salons entstandenen Kontakte. Durch die Analyse von veröffentlichten und unveröffentlichten Quellen unterschiedlichster Gattungen (vom Roman über Poesie, Reisetagebücher und Märchen bis hin zur Autobiographie bietet der Band neue Einblicke in die literarischen Praxis und die Entwicklung der europäischen Tradition des weiblichen Schreibens.Hilary Brown and Gillian Dow’s anthology examines the networks of communication and the cultural exchange between intellectual and writing women in 18th and 19th century Europe. It elaborates particularly on the analysis of the intertwined connections between the scholarly women of different countries, considering their written correspondence, their mutual visits, and the contacts that were developed in literary salons. Through the analysis of published and unpublished sources of various genres (from novel to poetry, travel journals, and fairy tales to autobiographies, the volume offers new insights into the literary practice and the development of the European tradition of female writing.
Anyone who seeks publication wants readers, but self-expression, self-assertion, and self-promotion have consequences, especially for those who draw on clinical material and who must honor publication standards of integrity and reliability, as well as ethical codes governing confidentiality, consent, disguise, and collaboration. This paper employs tools of literary analysis, principles of moral philosophy, and psychoanalytic theories about writing to show that writers of fiction and autobiography also struggle with these dilemmas. They worry about their responsibilities to the sources of their stories, and wonder if changing names and dates will prevent friends and family, whose lives get used as material, from feeling embarrassed, betrayed, or exploited. Because they understand that the composing process blurs boundaries between fiction and nonfiction, fantasy and memory, self and other, they recognize that an author's relationship with his or her subject (matter) can disable the capacity to recognize when self-interest has taken over a concern for the welfare of others. More important, literary authors are free to write about writing, and what they render transparent about primitive, unconscious processes suggests that what clinical writing has in common with fiction and autobiography should be included in efforts to update ethical standards and procedures regarding psychoanalytic publication.
Full Text Available L’enterrement de la sardine, dernier roman de la trilogie lisboète de Patrice Lessard, nous introduit à la fois dans le labyrinthe de la vieille ville de Lisbonne et dans celui de la narration de deux romans en train de se faire. La distinction entre fiction et autobiographie proposée dans l’avant-propos s’effondre vite devant les multiples intrusions du « réel » dans la fiction et de la fiction dans le « réel ». De plus, la facture fragmentaire de l’ensemble pose un défi au lecteur qui se trouve en plein atelier de l’écrivain, devant un portrait de l’artiste inachevé, inachevable. L’enterrement de la sardine, the final volume of Patrick Lessard’s Lisbonne trilogy, plunges the reader into the labyrinth of Lisbonne’s old city as well as into the meanders of two novels in the making. The distinction between fiction and autobiography presented in the preface quickly dissolves in the face of the multiple intrusions of the “real” world into the fictional one and vice versa. The fragmentary nature of the entire text poses a challenge to the reader, who seems to have wandered into the writer’s workshop to confront an unfinished — perhaps unfinishable — self-portrait.
Full Text Available Review of: An Island Called Home: Returning to Jewish Cuba. Ruth Behar, photographs by Humberto Mayol. New Brunswick NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2007. xiii + 297 pp. (Cloth US$ 29.95 Fidel Castro: My Life: A Spoken Autobiography. Fidel Castro & Ignacio Ramonet. New York: Scribner/Simon & Schuster, 2008. vii + 724 pp. (Paper US$ 22.00, e-book US$ 14.99 Cuba: What Everyone Needs to Know. Julia E. Sweig. New York: Oxford University Press, 2009. xiv + 279 pp. (Paper US$ 16.95 [First paragraph] These three ostensibly very different books tell a compelling story of each author’s approach, as much as the subject matter itself. Fidel Castro: My Life: A Spoken Autobiography is based on a series of long interviews granted by the then-president of Cuba, Fidel Castro, to Spanish-Franco journalist Ignacio Ramonet. Cuba: What Everyone Needs to Know, by U.S. political analyst Julia Sweig, is one of a set country series, and, like Ramonet’s, presented in question/answer format. An Island Called Home: Returning to Jewish Cuba, with a narrative by Cuban-American anthropologist Ruth Behar and photographs by Cuban photographer Humberto Mayol, is a retrospective/introspective account of the Jewish presence in Cuba. While from Ramonet and Sweig we learn much about the revolutionary project, Behar and Mayol convey the lived experience of the small Jewish community against that backdrop.
Nazaryan, L. S.
Anania Shirakatsi is one of the greatest scientists who made an important contribution to the field of exact sciences in Armenia, a brilliant scientist and philosopher of the 7th century; actually the founder of exact sciences in Armenian reality. Unfortunately, out of Shirakatsi's rich heritage only some fragments of his works in the fields of Mathematics, Cosmography, Calendarology, Metrology, which are of great value for the history of exact sciences, got to us. There is a valuable source about Anania Shirakatsi's life and work; the author has left his autobiography. From Shirakatsi's autobiography we learn that he was born in the village Aneank (Shirakavan) at the beginning of the 7th century. He got his elementary education in the local monastery school, later being eager to improve his knowledge, he went to West Armenia. He had to travel a lot about West Armenia seeking an advanced specialist in Mathematics. He was leaving for Constantinople but on his way to Signup he learns that in Trapeze a great Greek scientist, Tyukhik lives: "a wise man, popular with the kings, an expert on Armenian Language and Literature". Shirakatsi changed his way and went to Trapeze. Shirakatsi had been at Tyukhik's school for 8 years; he became proficient in exact science and came back to his native land with rich knowledge base. Here he opened a school and devoted himself to teaching and research. He wrote research works in Astronomy, Mathematics, Geography, Calendarology, Metrology and in other fields of science.
This special issue of Surface Science has been prepared to honor Professor Gabor A. Somorjai on the occasion of his 80th birthday. Professor Somorjai was born on May 4, 1935 in Budapest, Hungary. In 1953 he enrolled as a chemical engineering student at the Technical University of Budapest. Gabor was an active participant in the Hungarian Revolution of 1956. When the Soviet military crushed the revolution, he had to leave the country by walking across the border with his sister and his future wife. After immigrating to the USA in 1957, he applied to begin graduate studies and was accepted at the University of California, Berkeley. Gabor received a PhD in Chemistry in 1960, only three years later. Following a short sojourn at IBM, he returned to Berkeley in 1964 to take up a faculty position in the Department of Chemistry and the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, which he still holds today. For the interested reader, more can be learned about Gabor's fascinating life in his autobiography, "An American Scientist: The Autobiography of Gabor A. Somorjai.
Irena Prosenc Šegula
Full Text Available Primo Levi’s literary production is extremely varied and cannot be limited to autobiography despite the fact that the author is primarily studied for his autobiographical works. However, his texts related to autobiography show the strongest and most consistent presence of books, which is analyzed in this article. The beginnings of Levi’s writing can be traced to autobiographical motifs. Autobiography, which is present in a considerable part of the author’s work, is particularly connected to essays that often include autobiographical elements. Levi analyzes himself as an author as well as a reader, thus putting into practice the motto of “recognizing, analyzing, and weighing,” derived from his profession as a chemist. As a self-analyzing reader, he is a carrier of abstract notions deriving from previous readings as well as the owner of books intended as concrete objects displayed on his bookshelves. Books are his “soul companions” over various periods of his life and a conspicuous part of luggage on his wanderings through postwar Europe. The clearest image of Levi as a reader is found in The Search for Roots: A Personal Anthology. Levi’s selection of thirty texts by other authors combines depictions of books as concrete objects, literary works, and notions permeated with autobiographical elements. The choice of excerpts, varying from literary to scientific texts, is based mostly on autobiographical motifs. In Levi’s autobiographical texts, books and reading assume an important role in reminiscing and testifying about past events. The author also elaborates on his eclectic reading habits, inherited from his family, as well as on the way he handles books as objects. In his autobiographical narrative, books are given the same attention as other objects, people, and places, often including their titles, a physical description, the circumstances in which the author came into their possession, and the places where he read them. After
In the application research of management science,based on presumptions,a questionnaire survey has certain orientation,but it could not reveal all the aspects of management conducts,especially those at enterprise leaders＇ subconscious level.The research on the grounded theory shows that memoirs and autobiographies,the completely distinctive qualitative material from questionnaire survey,are a notable source of research data.Since the data obtained from autobiographies and memoirs are far apart from those acquired from qualitative data in terms of regularity and objectivity,they can not be used in empirical studies,but are suitable for the construction of theories.The significance of memoirs and autobiographies in management studies resides in the completeness,richness,authenticity,and the non-selective feature of the material.%在管理学的应用研究中,问卷调查依据先定的假设可以具有一定的导向性,但不能揭示出管理行为的所有方面,尤其是企业领导行为的潜意识层面。通过对扎根理论研究表明：回忆录和传记作为与问卷调查完全不同的定性资料,是不可忽视的研究数据来源。由于从传记和回忆录中抽取的数据从规范性、客观性等方面还是与定量数据相距甚远,其资料不适用于实证研究,而主要适用于理论的建构过程。回忆录与传记在管理学研究中的意义在于：资料的整体性、丰富性、真实性以及无可选择性。
Full Text Available This article provides a series of close readings of Barack Obama’s autobiography Dreams from My Father. It places the narrative within the history of African American literature and rhetoric and argues that Obama uses the text to create a life story that resonates with central concepts of African American selfhood and black male identity, including double consciousness, invisibility, and black nationalism. The article reads Dreams from My Father as an attempt to arrive at a state of “functional Blackness,” which moves away from questions of racial authenticity and identity politics but recognizes the narrative powers of African American literature to shape a convincing and appealing black self.
Svarstad, Lone Krogsgaard
framework is based on Critical Theory: Cultural Studies and intersectionality (Dhamoon, 2011; Grossberg, 2010; Hall, 1992; Hall, Evans, & Nixon, 2013), Critical intercultural communication and Othering (Dervin, 2014; Holliday, 2011; Martin, Nakayama, & Carbaugh, 2012) as well as critical media literacy....... (1997). Teaching and Assessing Intercultural Communicative Competence. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters. Council of Europe. Education department. Language policy unit (Producer). (2013). Images of Others -An Autobiography of Intercultural Encounters through Visual Media. Dervin, F. (2014). Discourses...... into Practice, 51(1), 4-11. Macedo, D., & Steinberg, S. R. (2007,2009). Media Literacy. A Reader. New York: Peter Lang. Martin, J. N., Nakayama, T. K., & Carbaugh, D. (2012). The History and Development of the Study of Intercultural Communication and Applied Linguistics. In J. Jackson (Ed.), The Routledge...
Coronel, Jason C; Federmeier, Kara D
There is growing recognition that some important forms of long-term memory are difficult to classify into one of the well-studied memory subtypes. One example is personal semantics. Like the episodes that are stored as part of one's autobiography, personal semantics is linked to an individual, yet, like general semantic memory, it is detached from a specific encoding context. Access to general semantics elicits an electrophysiological response known as the N400, which has been characterized across three decades of research; surprisingly, this response has not been fully examined in the context of personal semantics. In this study, we assessed responses to congruent and incongruent statements about people's own, personal preferences. We found that access to personal preferences elicited N400 responses, with congruency effects that were similar in latency and distribution to those for general semantic statements elicited from the same participants. These results suggest that the processing of personal and general semantics share important functional and neurobiological features.
Svarstad, Lone Krogsgaard
. It is inspired by participatory action research and it explores how three experienced English teachers work with the intercultural dimension in their teaching and how they experiment with the intercultural dimension in two interventions over a period of nine months in the school year 2013-2014.The research focus...... of Europe’s Autobiography of Intercultural Encounters through Visual Media form the basis of the texts and media used in the interventions. All classes are audio- and videotaped, teachers are interviewed prior to and after the interventions and students are interviewed in focus groups. The teachers....... The teachers must be willing to risk and explore new ways of teaching. This paper aims to demonstrate how my empirical work bridges theory and practice pointing at challenges in terms of knowledge, competences and pedagogy. References(Maximum 5)Byram, M. (2008). From foreign language education to education...
Watching ice floes glide by on the Hudson River from Eric Kandel's office, one gets a sense of placid reflection tempered by constant action-an apt analogy for Kandel's ability to calmly manage several ongoing projects and commitments at once. In addition to his well-lauded, ongoing research at Columbia University Medical Center's New York State Psychiatric Institute, Kandel has written several books on neurobiology, behavior, and memory. In addition to being a Nobel Laureate Scientist, he is well-known as an editor of the seminal textbook Principles of Neural Science. He and his colleagues are in the midst of working on a new edition of Principles, and he is working on a scientific autobiography. MI sat down with Dr. Kandel and discussed with him a range of topics including childhood and early career influences, intramural research at the NIH, the HHMI, ethical considerations of altering memory and, of course, Aplysia.
Full Text Available The current paper offers a reading of the initial Saramago’s Diaries, written by the Portuguese José Saramago and published between the years of 1993 and 1997, as it rehearses drafting a possible relation between the role of the intellectual, as performed by the writer and the composition of an autobiographical literature. This latter is constituted by means of a unique acquisition and learning of memory, from his exile in the Spanish island of Lanzarote. Edward Said´s writings will guide the discussions on exile proposed in this work, as much as Philippe Lejeune´s, whose writings appear in the dialogue between autobiography and memory.
Panofsky, W K
Wolfgang K.H. Panofsky is a prominent physicist who has been an active contributor to elementary particle physics, accelerator building, and laboratory administration as well as to international security policy and arms control. This volume is a somewhat unorthodox memoir. In Panofsky’s words: "This volume contains an unsystematic account of my past work; it is not intended to be an autobiography in the conventional meaning of the term. It is not even remotely a scholarly description of the momentous developments in which I was able to participate; rather it is a recital of memorable episodes, borrowing from the compulsory preface of facetious British history: ‘History is not what you thought. It is what you can remember.’ " Pief
Full Text Available The globalisation and consolidation of book publishing is widely seen as having negative consequences for Australian literature. Some commentators argue that this shift is detrimental to Australian literature as a whole; others identify the growth of multinational publishing conglomerates with a specific decline in Australian literary fiction. This article explores both positions, first identifying and investigating trends in Australian novel publication and comparing these to trends in the publication of novels from other countries as well as other Australian-originated literature (specifically, poetry and auto/biography. It then considers the specific case of Australian literary fiction, before looking in detail at the output of large publishers of Australian novels. This analysis reveals a recent decline in Australian novel and poetry titles, but offers a more complex picture of this trend than dominant expressions of nostalgia and alarm about the fate of Australian literature and publishing would suggest.
Ezama Gil, Ángeles
L’actrice espagnole Maria Casarès a publié un seul livre, Résidente privilégiée (1980), une autobiographie écrite en français, qui est aussi une magnifique œuvre littéraire; dans ce récit de vie, les métamorphoses constituent pour l’auteur le moyen de reconstruire une identité perdue à la suite de la guerre et de l’exil en France, ainsi que d’autres amputations subies tout au long de sa vie, identité qu’elle finit par conquérir. La actriz española María Casares publicó un único libro, Rési...
Valverde, Maite; Vidal, Mercè; Jansa, Margarida
This article includes an introduction to the role of Therapeutic Education for Diabetes treatment according to the recommendations of the American Diabetes Association (ADA), the Diabetes Education Study Group (DESG) of the "European Association for Study of Diabetes (EASD) and the clinical Practice Guidelines (CPG) of the Spanish Ministry of Health. We analyze theoretical models and the differences between teaching vs. learning as well as current trends (including Internet), that can facilitate meaningful learning of people with diabetes and their families and relatives. We analyze the differences, similarities, advantages and disadvantages of individual and group education. Finally, we describe different educational techniques (metaplan, case method, brainstorming, role playing, games, seminars, autobiography, forums, chats,..) applicable to individual, group or virtual education and its application depending on the learning objective.
The petroleum history bibliography was created over several years as a record dedicated to preserving the history of the Canadian petroleum industry. It comprises a list of more than 5000 publications, including books, theses, films, audio tapes, published articles and stories of the many companies that have come and gone. It aims to include all publications and audio visual products from the Social Sciences and Humanities on company histories, biographies, autobiographies, fiction, poetry and humour. An author index is included. Most government documents are excluded as they are accessible through Library and Archives Canada. This bibliography is an ongoing piece of work, and welcomes any additions relating to the study and preservation of Canadian petroleum industry history.
Full Text Available Durch eine differenzierte Auswertung von 32 Autobiographien von lehrenden Frauen aus dem Deutschland des 19. Jahrhunderts eröffnet die Verfasserin neue Perspektiven. In ihrer vergleichenden und differenzierenden Darstellung wird deutlich, dass Frauen in weit stärkerem Maße als bisher angenommen lehrend tätig waren. Dabei nimmt die Verfasserin auch die nichtschulische Arbeit in den Blick.Wedel’s differentiated evaluation of 32 autobiographies of teaching women in 19th century Germany opens new perspectives. Wedel’s comparative and differentiating description renders clear that women teachers were much more common than previously assumed. Wedel’s analysis also includes women’s teaching outside of scholarly institutes.
Full Text Available The most famous sentence in Igor Stravinsky’s autobiography reads: “Music is by its very nature powerless to express anything at all.” When it appeared, this sentence surprised his audience. After all, Stravinsky had composed some of the most expressive music of the twentieth century, from the lyrical Petrouchka to the dramatic Le sacre du printemps (The Rite of Spring to the elegaic Symphony of Psalms. But ever the polemicist, Stravinsky was in actuality blasting those whom he regarded as his aesthetic opponents, such as the followers of Richard Wagner; such “impurists” were always marshaling music in the service of extramusical ends, from national solidarity to religious freedom. Seeking to repair a perceived imbalance, Stravinsky portrayed the musician as a craftsman whose materials of pitch and rhythm in themselves harbor no more expression than the carpenter’s beams or the jeweler’s stone.
Full Text Available Interest in the children’s experiences in World War One has grown substantially in the last decades. Autobiographies and private memories, documents and all kind of stories present the dimension of warfare and how the children perceived it. Affected by disruption to home life and to schooling, by absent parents, and death, these innocents tried to understand the reasons behind the events that stunned their community, restructuring attitudes towards family, fear, play, and life. This paper aims to expose how the children of the most eastern province of the Austrian Monarchy experienced the Great War, how was manifested the pervasiveness of the war to their everyday lives, and how the combatants – Russians, Austrians, Germans, and Hungarians – were seen by the youngest inhabitants of Bukovina.
《个人历史》是《华盛顿邮报》前总裁和发行人凯瑟琳·格雷厄姆的一部自传。基于积极心理学的角度，从智慧、勇敢、正义等三个方面分析了主人公凯瑟琳身上的美德和性格优势，探讨了凯瑟琳的积极人格在其成功路上所起的积极作用。%Personal History is an autobiography of Katharine Graham, the former president and publisher of The Washington Post. This paper analyzes Katharine′s virtues and strengths from wisdom, courage and justice, explores the positive roles Katharine′s personalities play in her way to success.
Kenny, Stephen C
This article examines the influence of slavery and race on medical education, practice and research in the American South. Drawing on the published autobiography, case-histories, and correspondence of American slave surgeon and 'pioneer' gynaecologist, James Marion Sims, the contribution highlights a lesser known episode from his early career, namely his surgical treatment of enslaved infants suffering from trismus nascentium (neonatal tetanus). Sims became a highly prestigious figure in his later medical career, but the foundations of his success relied on the use of slave bodies and enslaved patients. These were typically distinctive features of the life of an ambitious medical professional in the slave South, where the profession profited from the institution of slavery, and human experimentation and medical research were advanced specifically through the exploitation of the region's enslaved population.
The Autobiography of Miss Jane Pittman met en scène de manière spectaculaire deux figures de leadership noir-américain au XIXe siècle (Ned) et au XXe siècle (Jimmy). Ned, fils adoptif de Jane Pittman, se rebaptise Professor Douglass en hommage au leader abolitionniste Frederick Douglass. S’il est fondamentalement laïc (il est instituteur), le texte lui confère néanmoins une dimension religieuse, notamment dans le chapitre intitulé « The Sermon at the River » , qui renvoie à la fois à Moïse (l...
character. In Gīrtrūd, the narrator Hassan becomes Mohammed´s voice – the very incarnation of Mohammed. They become each other´s double, fiction, reality, and mask of alterity. Through a kind of narrative game, the narrative voice – local form – reads, interprets and overwrites Western material......Abstract Hassan Najmi´s novel Gīrtrūd represents an example of the postmodern novel with its transtextual characters expressed fictionally. Hassan Najmi transforms the one-dimensional flat character, Mohammed, in Gertrude Stein´s The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas into a three-dimensional dynamic....../texts. As a postmodern novel, Hassan Najmi´s Gīrtrūd, narrates the story of Moroccan fiction in its complex relation to Western literature. Keywords: novel, fiction, postmodernity, narrative game, bilingual identity...
Altmann, Ulrike; Bohrn, Isabel C.; Lubrich, Oliver; Menninghaus, Winfried; Jacobs, Arthur M.
Our life is full of stories: some of them depict real-life events and were reported, e.g. in the daily news or in autobiographies, whereas other stories, as often presented to us in movies and novels, are fictional. However, we have only little insights in the neurocognitive processes underlying the reading of factual as compared to fictional contents. We investigated the neurocognitive effects of reading short narratives, labeled to be either factual or fictional. Reading in a factual mode engaged an activation pattern suggesting an action-based reconstruction of the events depicted in a story. This process seems to be past-oriented and leads to shorter reaction times at the behavioral level. In contrast, the brain activation patterns corresponding to reading fiction seem to reflect a constructive simulation of what might have happened. This is in line with studies on imagination of possible past or future events. PMID:22956671
Altmann, Ulrike; Bohrn, Isabel C; Lubrich, Oliver; Menninghaus, Winfried; Jacobs, Arthur M
Our life is full of stories: some of them depict real-life events and were reported, e.g. in the daily news or in autobiographies, whereas other stories, as often presented to us in movies and novels, are fictional. However, we have only little insights in the neurocognitive processes underlying the reading of factual as compared to fictional contents. We investigated the neurocognitive effects of reading short narratives, labeled to be either factual or fictional. Reading in a factual mode engaged an activation pattern suggesting an action-based reconstruction of the events depicted in a story. This process seems to be past-oriented and leads to shorter reaction times at the behavioral level. In contrast, the brain activation patterns corresponding to reading fiction seem to reflect a constructive simulation of what might have happened. This is in line with studies on imagination of possible past or future events.
Fesenkov, V. G.; Fesenkova, L. V.
The autobiography of the distinguish astronomy academician V. G. Fesenkov consists of two parts. The first one describes the period before 1914, the second one - the next period of academician life. The education in primary school, Harkov's University, his work in Tashkent and Harkov observatories, work at dissertation, work at the observatories in Paris, Medon and Nyssa are under discussion. This part of biography talks about the educational state and astronomy in Russia and Europe before the First World War. Also there are discussion of life of Russian intelligence at the beginning of XX century and intellectual atmosphere of life and work of scientists in Russia and France. The second part is devoted to the development of native astronomy in the Soviet period.
Darlan Roberto Santos
Full Text Available This article aims to analyze the autobiography Feliz Ano Velho, by Marcelo Rubens Paiva. The intention is to discuss, from the work, the "truth" contained in the memorialism and some possibilities for their development, through the intimate writing. Beside that, the unraveling of the process of writing itself, we propose a revisitation of the work of Paiva, fairly representative of the historical period in question (to democracy after the dictatorship period in Brazil, that reaches 30 years in 2012. We understand that in this book, the author adopts the "strategy of openness", comprised, among other elements, by the choice of a simple language and mention of certain facts and nuances of Paiva’s life, involving drugs, sexuality and the accident that left him paraplegic, after jumping into a pond. As a result, there has, after all, the construction of a self-portrait that captivates audiences through the effect of authenticity.
Bonde, Lars Ole
In August 2013 Center for Music and Health published its first anthology in English on ‘Musical Life Stories’. 17 authors from 6 countries present their research on the influence of music in a lifelong health perspective. A unique feature in the book is a collection of “personal narratives......” by the authors. In a free form each author wrote a short narrative of music’s influence on their identity and health in a life span perspective. The present article is a thematic analysis of these 13 narratives. The themes identified are briefly related more generally to the international research literature...... on music and identity and more specifically to the author’s study of health themes in the musical autobiographies of music therapy students at Aalborg University (DK). The analysis shows that there are some specific themes in the professional’s narratives, however, the researchers are very much in line...
are motivating forces for Axel’s desire to claim his rights as the author of his own story. A lack of supremacy leads to a panic enforcement of the principle of individuation. In Strindberg’s case, the disturbances of the interpersonal relationships are vehicles of experiments with forms of self......, representation, meaning and identity. The delegitimation of traditional collective paradigms of interpretation made autobiography and the biographical novel into instruments for a modern subject trying to re-define its relationship to its own identity as well as to the social communities. Meaning was situated...... communities as false. Even intimate relationships such as marriage or friendship are mistrusted. The subject can only rely on itself, and this self seems insecure, discontinuous and labile. The destabilisation of forms, genre, tradition and self comes to a head in what I label a crisis in representation...
Full Text Available Between 1976 and 1989, about 60,000 East German citizens were in political detention in the former GDR, a fact which was disclaimed by the GDR government. In this article, I focus on the auto-biographies which were collected by the use of narrative interviews. How do people who were politically persecuted and imprisoned remember their detainment now? Are they able to integrate this event in their life history and talk about it in their social environment? On the basis of biographical case-reconstructions and global analysis, I present four types of memory and biographical work. The analysis shows that the limited reprocessing prior to 1989 as well as the political discourse after 1990 about the GDR past produced a politicization of their imprisonment by the biographers, for example, in the construction of their identity as a political opponent. URN: http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs110218
In their landmark papers, both Kanner and Asperger employed a series of case histories to shape clinical insight into autistic disorders. This way of introducing, assessing and representing disorders has disappeared from today's psychiatric practice, yet it offers a convincing model of the way stereotypes may build up as a result of representations of autism. Considering that much of what society at large learns on disorders on the autism spectrum is produced by representations of autism in novels, TV-series, movies or autobiographies, it will be of vital importance to scrutinize these representations and to check whether or not they are, in fact, misrepresenting autism. In quite a few cases, media representations of talent and special abilities can be said to have contributed to a harmful divergence between the general image of autism and the clinical reality of the autistic condition.
Warner, Cameron David
used Wencheng to index the complex relationship between Tibet and China, Eastern Tibetan historians preserved lesser-known, potentially subversive narratives of Wencheng's travels, especially regarding her possible love-affair with the Tibetan minister Gar Tongtsen and their illegitimate child. After...... briefly reviewing Central Tibetan and Chinese metanarratives, I focus on Eastern Tibetan narratives, including the apparently lost Secret Autobiography of Wencheng Gongzhu, which I argue point to the former political autonomy, and cultural hybridity of areas of Eastern Tibet, especially Minyak and Powo....... My investigation into Wencheng-narratives from Eastern Tibet demonstrates that her journey from China to Tibet should not be thought of a mere liminal period of her life, but rather central to debates among Tibetans and Chinese regarding the politics of national unity (minzu tuanjie...
Villarejo-Galende, Albero; Herrero-San Martín, Alejandro
Nikola Tesla (1856-1943) was one of the greatest inventors in history and a key player in the revolution that led to the large-scale use of electricity. He also made important contributions to such diverse fields as x-rays, remote control, radio, the theory of consciousness or electromagnetism. In his honour, the international unit of magnetic induction was named after him. Yet, his fame is scarce in comparison with that of other inventors of the time, such as Edison, with whom he had several heated arguments. He was a rather odd, reserved person who lived for his inventions, the ideas for which came to him in moments of inspiration. In his autobiography he relates these flashes with a number of neuropsychiatric manifestations, which can be seen to include migraine auras, synaesthesiae, obsessions and compulsions.
Sandra L. Pensoneau-Conway
Full Text Available The authors trace the development of ethnographic practices according to the methodological assumptions of ethnographers within different historical periods. As communication scholars, the authors find Calvin O. Schrag's conceptualization of the self to be informative and advantageous for navigating an ethnographic sense of ‘self in the current status of the methodological contestation. Borrowing from Schrag’ s work, which focuses on communicative praxis in understanding the self, this article explores an innovative methodological framework called automethodology. By examining the deployment and emplotment of the self within the automethods of autobiography, autoethnography, narrative co-construction, community autoethnography, critical complete-member ethnography, reflexive ethnography, autoperformance, and layered account, the authors develop epistemological foundations for praxis-oriented ethnographers. Throughout this journey, the authors end up situating themselves in a place they consider home-in the practices of automethodology.
Autobiographical narratives of illness and disability are influential in popular and medical discourses of illness and disability, in part because these narratives represent illness and disability within a sociocultural context, intersecting with other categories of difference. Clinicians can benefit patients through a critical understanding of the formal and social conventions that shape illness and disability narratives and the effect these conventions can have on the lived experience of illness and disability. I analyze the 2003 edition of Lucy Grealy's Autobiography of a Face to illustrate these socio-narrative conventions, especially in light of an afterword that significantly revises the ending to Grealy's narrative. I explore the parallels between narrative conventions-such as the "recovery narrative"-and caregivers' expectations that shape the role of the "good patient," as well as the resistance to conventions of closure, represented by the "renegotiated ending."
Chemins de traverse d’Ignacio Martínez de Pisón se présente comme la pseudo autobiographie d’un adolescent, Felipe, qui, à la mort de sa mère, est condamné à vivre avec un père marginal. Le texte est aussi la conversion d’un récit de type picaresque en un roman qui débouche sur la découverte mutuelle d’un père et d’un fils. L’errance des deux personnages, chemin de fuite destiné à compenser la disparition de Cecilia, conduit à une sorte d’assomption de l’amour. Caminos secundarios, de Igna...
Inić, Suzana; Fatović-Ferenčić, Stella; Kujundžić, Nikola
This article looks into the autobiography of the Croatian chemist and pharmacognosist Antun Vrgoč (1881-1949) entitled My Memories of the World War 1914-1920 and published in Zagreb in 1937. The author was captured in October 1914 and deported to Siberia, where he remained prisoner of war until 1920. Since there are few memoirs describing the life of Siberian prisoners during the First World War, this work is a precious testimony about the attitude towards the prisoners of war, human relations, and the survival of an AustroHungarian army officer. The book shows a striking lack of civilian or military hostility towards the prisoners and the respect of the Geneva Convention. Antun Vrgoč adopted the culture, customs and language of his formal enemies, took part in their civilian life, and taught at their university. His cathartic experience of survival includes a clear message about the absurdity of war.
Goldberg, S H
The author views the patient's theory of pathogenesis as a compromise formation to which both patient and analyst contribute in important ways. Unlike conventional autobiography or case histories, the patient's theory of pathogenesis is an ever-evolving product of the analytic collaboration that is subject to ongoing analysis and self-inquiry. Like any explanatory theory, it both opens and constrains interpretive possibilities. The collaborative attempt to arrive at the best possible explanatory narratives entails both uncovering and joint construction. Explanatory efforts that are anchored in consensually agreed-upon present experiences of resistances and transferences are more closely related to therapeutic action and are more likely to be verifiable than explanatory theories tied to distant past events. The open-ended nature of the life historical and explanatory narratives leads to an emphasis on continued self-analytic activities after termination.
Zeidman, Lawrence A; Kondziella, Daniel
Peter Becker was a German neurologist who helped classify the muscular dystrophies, and described Becker muscular dystrophy and Becker myotonia. His involvement in National Socialism began in 1933, when he was compelled by his peers to join the SA (brown shirts). He later joined the Nazi party, the Nazi Doctors Association, and the Nazi Lecturers' Association. He renewed his SA membership to maintain his position at a genetics institute. Colleagues stated postwar that he was not an active Nazi, and he was de-Nazified in 1947, able to continue his career. Later, Becker admitted to most, but not all, of his Nazi memberships in his autobiography, and wrote 2 books exploring the origins of Nazism and racial hygiene. The "neurologic court of opinion" must weigh in on how we should best remember Becker, and at the very least, we as neurologists must learn the dangers of career opportunism at any cost.
Eva Soler Sasera
Full Text Available In exile's autobiographies and memories, the vindication of spanish civil war apears as a moral duty in front of the general forgetfulness inside Spain. In the same way, its became a place to construct the subject's identity determinated by a lost past. The civil war narrative in José Moreno Villa Vida en claro (1944, Francisco Ayala Recuerdos y olvidos (1988, María Teresa León Memoria de la melancolía (1970, Teresa Pàmies Quan érem capitans (1974, María Lejárraga Una mujer por los caminos de España (1952 and Concha Méndez Memorias habladas, memorias armadas (1990 gets arduous war's events back in order to link with the recovery and the placement of the self.
GONG Xuan Nameless ＇T＇ and Crazy Joe： Seamus Deane＇s Defensive Writing 3 Focusing on the characterization of the nameless narrator and Crazy Joe in Reading in the Dark, this essay points out the influence of James Mangan＇s Autobiography and James Joyce＇s A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man on Deane＇s autobiographical novel. It argues that being respectively a narrator-witness to the British state＇s violence in Derry and a parody of the stereotypical image of the Wild Irish, ＂I＂ and Joe serve as angry as well as satirical mouthpieces for the author＇s defense of the nationalist resistance to neo- colonial oppression.
Cette étude, issue d’une thèse de doctorat, est consacrée aux aspects théoriques de l’œuvre de J. J. Bachofen (1815-1887). Pietro Conte, philosophe de formation, a voulu situer la pensée de l’auteur de Mutterrecht (1861) et Die Sage von Tanaquil (1870) dans une longue généalogie : de Herder et Humboldt en amont à Burckhardt, Nietzsche, Warburg, Benjamin et Thomas Mann en aval, pour mettre à mal sa « mauvaise réputation » de philologue sorti du droit chemin de l’érudition. L’autobiographie et ...
Full Text Available Jane Eyre, a fictitious autobiography published by Charlotte Brontë in 1847, starts with the description of a little girl enthralled by the reading of The History of British Birds. However the child is disturbed by John Reed’s noisy entrance and this interruption can be considered as the limit of the incipit according to the definition that Andrea Del Lungo gives of the term in L’Incipit Romanesque. In this first unit of text, what is quite striking is that the ekphrasis enables the narrator to give a thematic, poetic and aesthetic orientation to the novel that is being written. Indeed by describing the pictures of the book by Thomas Bewick, Jane Eyre not only gives an idea of her miserable existence but also heralds the quest she is about to undertake.
Albini, Theresa K
The Waves, written in 1931 by Virginia Woolf, is an astounding depiction of an internal landscape richly full of dissociative phenomena. Although applauded for its genius and considered by many to be her highest literary achievement, critics complained that the language of the characters seemed artificial and a departure from the usual interior monologue appearing in other works that utilized stream of consciousness writing at the time. Woolf believed this work to be misunderstood as she often felt herself. This paper illustrates how The Waves might metaphorically connote the internal experiences of dissociating. The narrative of the novel illuminates the mapping of Woolf's internal system as it changes across a life span. Woolf deftly submerged not only the facts of her personal life in The Waves but, more important, revealed through both her literary method and language the dissociative nature of her own mind. By extrapolating from Woolf's autobiographies, journals, and letters, the parallels between fact and fiction become apparent.
This contribution traces the conditions surrounding the emergence and development of a new field of research since the millennium. It primarily presents research initiated by the Stuttgart Institute for the History of Medicine: starting with the (re)discovery of sources and the setting up of bodies of sources for a gender-sensitive, patient-oriented history of health (autobiographies, diaries, correspondence) it moves to issues such as health lifestyles, workers' masculinity, the use of medical services, health experiences during particular stages of life such as childhood or youth, as well as prevention, healthcare, mental health and the gender gap in life expectancy. In conclusion the article discusses possible theoretical frameworks and perspectives.
Full Text Available “Feet first”. That’s how one terrorist leader told recruits was the only way out. It makes sense. Allowing members to just walk away wouldn’t be good for the group’s image. And yet – at the same time as Islamic State parades its European jihadis in shocking beheading videos and continues to recruit aggressively around the world – terrorists do disengage all the time. Some quietly disappear. Others go public, telling their stories on TV or in autobiographies. They embrace their new identity as an “ex-“ or “former” to warn others of the dangers of involvement. We have also come to know formers through the rise of so-called de-radicalization programs. For the past decade, I’ve examined how and why terrorists walk away, and I’ve also closely examined programs aimed at helping ease that transition.
Reviews Book: Extended Project Student Guide Book: My Inventions Book: ASE Guide to Research in Science Education Classroom Video: The Science of Starlight Software: SPARKvue Book: The Geek Manifesto Ebook: A Big Ball of Fire Apps
WE RECOMMEND Level 3 Extended Project Student Guide A non-specialist, generally useful and nicely put together guide to project work ASE Guide to Research in Science Education Few words wasted in this handy introduction and reference The Science of Starlight Slow but steady DVD covers useful ground SPARKvue Impressive software now available as an app WORTH A LOOK My Inventions and Other Writings Science, engineering, autobiography, visions and psychic phenomena mixed in a strange but revealing concoction The Geek Manifesto: Why Science Matters More enthusiasm than science, but a good motivator and interesting A Big Ball of Fire: Your questions about the Sun answered Free iTunes download made by and for students goes down well APPS Collider visualises LHC experiments ... Science Museum app enhances school trips ... useful information for the Cambridge Science Festival
Lina María Terranova-Zapata
Full Text Available We describe a qualitative research whose purpose is to contribute to the generation of useful contexts to devise a personal life plan for ten mothers from the west hillside in the City of Cali, Colombia, using community family therapy techniques such as interviews and video-therapy and complementing them with psycho-educational workshops. The main findings describe their personal and family resources to face adverse situations: the experience upon developing skills for life in the workshops, writing their autobiography and devising the personal life plan. The participants evaluated the experience as positive. We present the scopes and limitations of the method and its implications for future research, upon presenting a culturally competent model of resilience development in a socioeconomically deprived neighborhood in Colombia, South America.
Full Text Available Dans ce troisième volume de la collection « Le temps du genre » des Presses universitaires du Mirail, Anne-Claire Rebreyend analyse avec élégance la manière dont des hommes et des femmes « ordinaires » du XXe siècle parlaient des affaires du cœur et du corps. S’appuyant sur 247 textes inédits du fonds des Archives Pour l’Autobiographie (APA, ainsi que sur des fonds mieux connus – celui de Menie Grégoire, de Simone de Beauvoir et du Mouvement Français pour le Planning Familial – la jeune che...
Luc Benoit à la Guillaume
Full Text Available Étoile montante sur la scène politique américaine, premier homme politique noir capable de séduire l’électorat blanc, Barack Obama est aujourd’hui candidat à l’investiture du parti démocrate pour les élections présidentielles de 2008. Bien que son autobiographie publiée en 1995, Dreams from my Father. A Story of Race and Inheritance, se soit vendue à plus d’un million d’exemplaires aux États-Unis, elle n’a toujours pas été traduite. Seul son dernier ouvrage, L’Audace d’espérer : une nouvelle ...
Rees, C E; Knight, L V
The unprofessional behaviour of medics is explored through their depiction in two physician-authored books-the novel Bodies and the autobiography Bedside stories: confessions of a junior doctor. Using the Integrative Model of Behavioural Prediction, not only the range and nature of professionalism lapses outlined in these books but also the reasons behind such unprofessional behaviours are examined. The books contained examples of lapses in professionalism outlined in research investigating the unprofessional behaviour of medical students, such as communication violations, objectification of patients and causing harm to patients. More interestingly, various reasons behind lapses in professionalism were found. Most examples of unprofessional behaviour were unintentional acts and therefore due to environmental constraints and skill deficits. Seemingly intentional acts were largely influenced by normative beliefs-that is, people feeling pressurised to act unprofessionally. Further research is needed to examine the depiction of lapses in professionalism in a wider range of physician-authored prose.
A watershed moment of the twentieth century, the end of empire saw upheavals to global power structures and national identities. However, decolonisation profoundly affected individual subjectivities too. Life Writing After Empire examines how people around the globe have made sense of the post......-imperial condition through the practice of life writing in its multifarious expressions, from auto/biography through travel writing to oral history and photography. Through interdisciplinary approaches that draw on literature and history alike, the contributors explore how we might approach these genres differently...... in order to understand how individual life writing reflects broader societal changes. From far-flung corners of the former British Empire, people have turned to life writing to manage painful or nostalgic memories, as well as to think about the past and future of the nation anew through the personal...
Full Text Available I am engaged in a project about reverie, using poetics and storytelling as my method. Where does one person’s reverie start and another’s end? What uses might anthropology have for reverie? Taking the form of a braided narrative, Flowerman, meshes my voice with others to explore the entanglements of reverie, its fundamental inter-subjectivity. But rather than call this autobiography or autoethnography, I regard it as a form of inter-subjective practice-led research, aimed at shared understanding. To speak of practice-led research is to evoke the precepts of artistic research as much as those of anthropology. Artistic research does not imagine a separation between knowledge production, and making processes. The insights yielded here through making, and reflection on making, are folded back into the practices of storytelling.
Gresilda A. Tilley-Lubbs
Full Text Available This paper presents critical autoethnography as an innovative approach to conducting research in marginalized, vulnerable communities. Combining autoethnography, ethnography, and critical pedagogy, the researcher becomes a participant in the study, turning inward to examine the Self and the complexities of cultural perspectives through the lens of critical pedagogy. Intense reflexivity and introspection undergird this study of Self as participant, going beyond recounting facts as objectively as possible, as occurs with autobiography, to acknowledging that the researcher is interpreting the facts through cultural perspectives formed through years of sociocultural, socio-historical, sociopolitical, and socioeconomic events and circumstances. Subsequently, the researcher, more than likely a member of the dominant culture in some categories is able to understand herself as an oppressor.
Gresilda A. Tilley-Lubbs
Full Text Available This paper presents critical autoethnography as an innovative approach to conducting research in marginalized, vulnerable communities. Combining autoethnography, ethnography, and critical pedagogy, the researcher becomes a participant in the study, turning inward to examine the Self and the complexities of cultural perspectives through the lens of critical pedagogy. Intense reflexivity and introspection undergird this study of Self as participant, going beyond recounting facts as objectively as possible, as occurs with autobiography, to acknowledging that the researcher is interpreting the facts through cultural perspectives formed through years of sociocultural, socio-historical, sociopolitical, and socioeconomic events and circumstances. Subsequently, the researcher, more than likely a member of the dominant culture in some categories is able to understand herself as an oppressor.
Full Text Available Vassilis Alexakis has the particularity of writing either in French or in Greek and following a novelist career in the two countries: his literary bilingualism, associated with a self-translation practice, is rather uncommon among foreign writers who have chosen French as a writing language. Running from the military junta that takes the power in Greece in 1967, Alexakis exiles himself to France and publishes three novels in French. At the end of the 70’s, an identity crisis leads him to come to Athens more and more regularly, and above all to learn his mother tongue again. After the publication of Talgo in Greek, Alexakis settles down in the conflicting situation of being between two languages, situation that reflects his nomadism. However, the links between the host and native languages have calmed down for the last decade, in a polyphonic work tinged with autobiography where Greek and French voices are enriching one another.
Odeta Manuela Belei
Full Text Available The “angry young men” were a group of mostly working and middle class British playwrights and novelists who became prominent in the 1950s. The group’s leading members included John Osborne and Kingsley Amis. The phrase was originally coined by the Royal Court Theatre’s press officer to promote John Osborne’s Look Back in Anger. It is thought to be derived from the autobiography of Leslie Paul, founder of the Woodcraft Folk, whose Angry Young Men was published in 1951. Following the success of the Osborne play, the label was later applied by British newspapers to describe young British writers who were characterized by disillusionment with traditional English society. The term was always imprecise, began to have less meaning over the years as the writers to whom it was originally applied became more divergent, and many of them dismissed the label as useless.
Full Text Available South Africa's role in the Civil War in Russia (1917 -1920 has never been fully researched and it is probable that relatively few people are aware that South Africans were among those who fought against the Red Army in 1918-1920. Although it has not been possible to trace a roll of members of the South African Forces who served in Russia between 1918 and 1920, their autobiographies and letters published in The Nongqai have made it possible to compile an interim report on the subject. However, it is important to note that even if the roll of members of the South African Forces who served in Russia could be traced or compiled from the personnel record cards in the SADF Archives, this would not provide a complete picture because a number of the South Africans who served in Russia had served in the British Forces throughout the Great War.
Full Text Available This article describes Yasmina Khadra’s autobiographical work composed of two books: "L’écrivain" and "L’imposture des mots" and its reception in France. The main purpose of this study was to establish the literary genre of these books, which implies determining whether Khandra’s work represents an autobiography or an autofiction with reference to P. Lejeune’s and V. Colonna’s theoretical studies. The dividing line between two genres in Khandra’s works refl ects his inner split between being either a solder or a writer. The presentation will also help to understand the controversy resulting from Khandra’s participation in Algerian civil war. Moreover the analysis is related to modern Algerian history.
This essay surveys the present state of biographical writing in the history of neurology and neuroscience. Individual lives play a significant role in practitioner-historians' narratives, whereas academic historians tend to be more nonindividualistic and a-biographical. Autobiographies by neurologists and neuroscientists, and particularly autobiographical collections, are problematic as an historical genre. Neurobiographies proper are published with several aims in mind: some are written as literary entertainment, others as contributions to a cultural and social history of the neurosciences. Eulogy, panegyrics and commemoration play a great role in neurobiographical writing. Some biographies, finally, are written to provide role-models for young neuroscientists, thus reviving the classical, Plutarchian biographical tradition. Finally, a recent cooperative biography of Charcot is mentioned as an example of how the biographical genre can help overcome the alleged dichotomy between the historiographies of practitioner-historians and academic historians.
Anne Holden Rønning
Full Text Available Marion Halligan’s non-fiction Eat My Words, (1990, Cockles of the Heart (1996 and The Taste of Memory (2004 all have food as their main topic. Travelling round Europe on culinary journeys and staying in hotels and flats she provides us, as readers, with a wealth of recipes and reflections on the role food plays in people’s lives, socially and culturally. This article will discuss some few of the points Halligan raises as she comments on the pleasure of food; on bricolage, both in the finished product and in cookery books; and the language we use to describe food and its processes. Adopting a bicultural approach Halligan compares Australian foods of today with those of her childhood, thus turning these food books into a kind of autobiography.
S’il est bien un défaut que l’on ne saurait imputer à Enrique Serna, c’est celui de la monotonie et de la peur du risque. Comptant parmi la nouvelle génération d’écrivains mexicains s’étant distingués au cours des trente dernières années, son parcours littéraire se démarque en effet par un souci constant du renouvellement, tant stylistique que thématique. Du roman historique au roman noir, en passant par le récit picaresque, l’autobiographie ou encore la nouvelle futuriste, Enrique Serna n’a ...
Stilling Olesen, Jesper
In this paper I investigate the relationship between skills and identity of an elite cyclist, who during his career managed to become a big star in the professional peleton. This is Jesper Skibby. The paper is based on a reading of his autobiography "Forstå mig ret." In the book he reproduces his...... career chronologically progressing through a series of identities from an amateur rider, to a team rider and a captain. On the surface and in his own self-understanding these identities and the corresponding competencies belong to the individual. But on closer reading based on actor-network theory......, it turns out that the conception of the self-reliant, performing individual does not hold. In this paper I will argue that the rider achieve his skills through the deletion of personal boundaries and re-assembly with an ever-wider range of actors in the surrounding world. To develop as a rider...
Full Text Available Dans les quatre volumes de sa bande dessinée Persépolis Marjane Satrapi décrit et illustre en noir et blanc son autobiographie. Elle y superpose de manière vertigineuse et transparente les événements et les faits marquants de l’Iran contemporain qu’elle entremêle avec les vies au quotidien sous le régime des mollahs. Le récit de sa vie d’adolescente exilée fait appel à des questions universelles comme celles de l’intégration, de l’adaptation à d’autres cultures et de l’identité.Née en Iran en...
Neįgalaus kūno asmens tapatybės kaita XX amžiaus pirmoje pusėje: Prano Daunio Vargo keliais. Atsiminimai iš kovų dėl nepriklausomybės ir aklųjų gyvenimo | Identity change of the disable body during 1st half of the 20th century: On the Roads of Misery. Memories from the Battles for Independence and the Life of the Blind by Pranas Daunys
Full Text Available The article introduces the first autobiography of the disabled in the 20th century Lithuanian literature – the memoirs of Pranas Daunys – On the Roads of Misery / Memories from the Battles for Independence and the Life of the Blind. In the context of the disability body studies, the article discusses different levels in the formation of the corporal identity of the blind person. The study emphasizes the importance of cultural space to the identity of the blind, which is related to the Braille. The article explains the integrity dimension of the blind person’s identity, which mergers different experiences of personal life (the experience of eye trauma during the war and the memories of patriotic feelings, which are equally important to the personal identity. The research deals with the corporal and sensual self-perception of the blind, which is closely related to the social and public emancipation, changing the lines of national identity.
Rowena Santos Aquino
Full Text Available Despite critical reconceptualisations of reenactment in theory and practice beginning in the 1980s, such scholarship has confined reenactment to a process that rests solely on substitution, actors, and actor reenactment. This article examines reenactment in which actual persons reenact their own pasts and memories in the context of contemporary Iranian cinema to bring about an embodied historiography. This collaboration between social actors and filmmakers shifts the focus from questions of substitution to questions of presence and proximity in representations of the past and personal memory. This article explores these questions of presence, proximity, and reenactment as a distinct mode of audiovisual autobiography through a reading of Mohsen Makhmalbaf’s film Bread and Flower (1996 as a case study.
Here is the intensely personal and often humorous autobiography of one of the most distinguished theoretical physicists of his generation, Sir Rudolf Peierls. Born in Germany in 1907, Peierls was indeed a bird of passage," whose career of fifty-five years took him to leading centers of physics--including Munich, Leipzig, Zurich, Copenhagen, Cambridge, Manchester, Oxford, and J. Robert Oppenheimer''s Los Alamos. Peierls was a major participant in the revolutionary development of quantum mechanics in the 1920s and 1930s, working with some of the pioneers and, as he puts it, "some of the great characters" in this field. Originally published in 1988. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of- print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These paperback editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Libr...
Tammiksaar, Erki; Brauckmann, Sabine
In 1828 Karl Ernst von Baer (1792-1876) published his seminal Uber Entwickelungsgeschichte der Thiere. Beobachtung und Reflexion. In the preface he announced that a second volume with one copper plate would be finished 'in a few weeks'. However, it took nine years until the unfinished second volume was released, with four copperplates. In his 'Autobiography', von Baer did not clarify the reasons why he did not finish his research program of comparative embryology. The paper attempts to elucidate them, furnished by archival documents and von Baer's unpublished embryological drawings. Our sketch of a few figures will show that (1) von Baer searched for 'analogies' (homologies) as a unifying principle and (2) explained the mechanisms of embryogenesis by physiological reasoning (electromagnetism). The main objective is to show that technical problems in illustrating and conceptual difficulties impeded von Baer's ambitious research program.
法国著名学者菲利普·勒热讷的“自传契约”理论话语模式，是一种建立在以卢梭等为代表的传统自传文本为分析前提的理论建构。他坚守自传文类不能混同于小说的红色底线，为自传文类正名，为自传文体立法。面对以罗伯-格里耶为代表的法国“新自传”对“自传契约”的挑战，勒热纳初期一度反映强烈，不无忽略了“新自传”在理念及形式上对传统自传的“新的互补”价值。我们认为，勒热讷的“自传契约”是有关传统自传秩序的原理之一，我们必须维护之。我们不能因为新的自传种类的出现，而把小说的秩序原理混同于自传的。事实上，我们应该发展勒热讷“自传契约”的内涵，用“新自传契约”来概括后现代自传的秩序原理，唯有如此，自传这一文学类型才能趋向丰富与成熟。%[Résumé]Le discours théorique de l’autopacte est le modèle inspiré par Rousseau. Philippe Lejeune tient à ce que son genre littéraire se démarque du roman pour s’élever à une écriture indépendante et légitime. Face au défi de Robbe-Grillet contre l’autopacte, Lejeune réagit au début avec énergie jusqu’à néglier la complémentarité qui existe bien entre la nouvelle autobiographie et l’aubobiographie traditionnelle. Nous pensons qu’il faut défendre l’autopacte concernant les ordres conventionnelles de l’autobiographie. Ce serait erroné de confondre les ordres du roman avec ceux de l’autobiographie. Le développement de l’autopacte servirait à résumer les dispositions de l’autobiographie postmoderne qui pourrait enrichir ce genre littéraire lui-même.
The purpose of this pilot study was to provide a quantitative content analysis of how the completion of space missions affects the value hierarchies of people in the space program. The autobiographies of two high-level NASA administrators, three female astronauts, and seven male astronauts were scored for indicators of four values: Achievement, Enjoyment, Benevolence, and Transcendence. Achievement was very high in the hierarchies of all three groups before they had mission experience, and remained high afterwards except among the female astronauts. Administrators showed essentially no pre-post mission value change; among astronauts of both sexes, Transcendence (a combination of Spirituality and Universality) rose dramatically in the hierarchy after spaceflight. The findings, if upheld after the inclusion of more subjects, have important implications for the post-NASA lives of astronauts and for their families, friends, and colleagues.
Full Text Available Almost every critical essay penned about West Indians in Western Europe describe them as residing in places where rampant ethnic discrimination and racism, institutional and every day, are part and parcel of their life. Understandable and truthful as this may be, I argue in this essay that we need to develop a language that does not unwittingly reinforce the ethno-racial divide between Aboriginal Dutch (the so-called natives and Dutch Antilleans. Employing an autoethnographic account—autobiography enriched by ethnographically based sociological analysis—I present an alternative picture where the agency of Dutch Antilleans in their quest to transform the Netherlands into a hospitable multiculture is highlighted. The richness of life that they are helping bring about, which crosscuts and continuously unravels the racialized Manichean representation of the Netherlands, needs to complement the existing writings on the secondarization of the Caribbean Diaspora in the West.
Marlo Goldstein Hode
Full Text Available This paper explores the complexities, issues, and challenges of neurologically mixed romantic relationships; specifically focusing on relationships in which one partner is diagnosed with Asperger’s syndrome. Using a narrative approach to data drawn from online discussion boards, blogs, autobiographies, and research articles, the findings are presented in the form of a narrative reconstruction. Reconstructing data into a fictional, non-traceable format is a fruitful method of attending to the ethical and privacy issues inherent in online research. Starting with a discussion of autism and Asperger’s communication and traits, identity politics, and online community building, this article articulates some of the ways that neurological differences result in real differences in emotional needs, sensory perceptions, and ways of thinking and communicating in romantic relationships.
Full Text Available Memory and literature have at least one feature in common: both are based on the collection of events and their organization in time by means of a plot. Therefore, reflecting about time in its narrative dimension may shed some light on the individual and collective experience of temporality and on its functioning in stories and in processes of historical memory. This contribution discusses two Argentine novels: Los planetas  by Sergio Chejfec and La casa de los conejos [The Rabbit House]  by Laura Alcoba. Both novels reconstruct, in the interior time of fiction, that period of terror and misery during the last dictatorship in Argentina, while at the same time offering -from the utopia of fantasy in one case and the illusory simultaneity of autobiography in the other- possible imaginaries of a past that still reaches into the present
Cielo Griselda Festino
Full Text Available Jacques Ranciere (2011, p. 53 observes that rather than create works of art, contemporary artists want to get out of the museum “[...] and induce alterations in the space of everyday life, generating new forms of relations”. In this context, the aim of this paper is to discuss the power of literature to turn experience into life-narratives that will eventually give rise to a differentiated kind of social experience (SMITH; WATSON, 2010, through the reading of the novel Sangati (1994 by the Indian Dalit writer Bama. In order to make visible the experiences of the Dalit women, Bama rewrites the genre autobiography, as understood in the West, since in her narrative the voice of the community imposes itself upon the voice of the individual. In so doing, she changes the quality and style of canonical narratives considered as literary so that they will accommodate the stories of silenced people articulated through a differentiated kind of aesthetics.
Full Text Available Tityrus and Galatea are found together only in Virgil, Eclogue 1. The article argues that they form a ‘significant’ pair of pastoral names, suggesting ‘cheese’ and ‘milk’. It provides evidence from Theocritus, where ‘milky’ Galatea is inserted in the semantic field of ‘milk and cheese’; Lucian, where Galatea forms a pair with the proper name Tyro; and the Alexander Romance, where Satyros is etymologized from ‘tyros’ (‘cheese’, in light of the fact that Virgil’s ‘Tityrus’ indicates a species of satyr. The article treats also proper name versions of ‘milk and cheese’ in the Aeneid. It is concluded with a discussion of the name ‘Tityros’ found in Nikos Kazantzakis’ autobiography entitled Report to Greco and in his novel KapetánMichális (Freedomor Death.
<正>GENERAL INFORMATION World Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology(World J Gastrointest Oncol,WJGO,online ISSN 1948-5204,DOI:10.4251)is a peer-reviewed open access(OA)academic journal that aims to guide clinical practice and improve diagnostic and therapeutic skills of clinicians.Aim and scope WJGO covers topics concerning carcinogenesis,tumorigenesis,metastasis,diagnosis,prevention,prognosis,clinical manifestations,nutritional support,molecular mechanisms,and therapy of benign and malignant tumors of the digestive tract.The current columns of WJGO include editorial,frontier,diagnostic advances,therapeutics advances,field of vision,mini-reviews,review,topic highlight,medical ethics,original articles,case report,clinical case conference(Clinicopathological conference),and autobiography.Priority pub-
<正>GENERAL INFORMATION World Journal of Radiology(World J Radiol,WJR,online ISSN 1949-8470,DOI:10.4329)is a peer-reviewed open access(OA)academic journal that aims to guide clinical practice and improve diagnostic and therapeutic skills of clinicians.Aim and scope WJR covers topics concerning diagnostic radiology,radiation oncology,radiologic physics,neuroradiology,nuclear radiology,pediatric radiology,vascular/interventional radiology,medical imaging achieved by various modalities and related methods analysis.The current columns of WJR include editorial,frontier,diagnostic advances,therapeutics advances,field of vision,mini-reviews,review,topic highlight,medical ethics,original articles,case report,clinical case conference(clinicopathological conference),and autobiography.We encourage authors to submit their manuscripts to WJR.We
Hill-Lubin, M A
Using the autobiographies of Frederick Douglass, Langston Hughes, and Maya Angelou, this article demonstrates that the portrait of the African-American grandmother is one of action, involvement, hope, and dignity. In examining the works, we observe her functioning in three areas: as the preserver and most tenacious survivor of the African extended family; second, as repository and distributor of the family history, wisdom, and black lore; this role places her at the foundation of the Black, oral and written, literary and creative traditions; and third, as the retainer and transmitter of values and ideals that support and enhance her humanity, her family, and her community. This function emphasizes her spirituality. It is suggested that the grandmother, having played an important role in the growth, development, and artistic flowering of the autobiographer, can become a model and source of empowerment for future generations.
Chacon, Hugo Alejandro
This qualitative study explores the journey of a Latino educator in becoming a bilingual high school science teacher and university professor. It focuses on discovering how the practice of teaching and learning is shaped through social, psychological, and cultural factors. Through the use of an autobiographical method known as currere, the researcher recounts personal and educational experiences that address important issues in education related to language, science, culture, and social class through the perspective of one doing the work. The study reviews the literature on autobiographical forms of research in the field of education and suggests how autobiography in education, an emerging genre, holds the promise for creating new meanings of the self while at the same time attempts to develop a theory of autobiography that acknowledges the importance of people of color and other marginalized groups. Data collected include 22 hours of audiotaped recordings, conversations, and educational artifacts including notes from innovative classroom projects, lesson plans, conference presentations, computer files, graduate coursework, classroom videotaping, university course evaluations, and department memos. Findings of this study revealed that: (a) the process of becoming a transformative educator involves critical self-reflection on one's cultural/ethnic identity and linguistic heritage; (b) the importance of self-reflection on one's teaching is a critical component in moving towards a more culturally and linguistically responsive curriculum; (c) the bilingual educator can achieve a greater understanding of the important role in the maintenance, implementation, and promotion of minority language education through a reflective practice; and (d) the development of the underrepresented voice in education and the awakening to one's personal and philosophical worldviews is as important as the preparation one receives in becoming a bilingual teacher.
Doris Lessing(1919-)is one of the most important British contemporary writers .In 2007,she won the Nobel Prize as“the epicist of the female experience who with skepticism fire and visionary power has subjected a divided civilization to scruti -ny”.Under My Skin is the first volume of Lessing’s autobiography.Lessing’s growing process is the main line of her autobiogra-phy.Based on the linear structure , Lessing flexibly uses other temporal narrative techniques , supported with unique spatial narra-tive skills, which add new meanings to her autobiography , and can make the audience understand the writer more deeply , thour-oughly, and objectively .%多丽丝·莱辛（1919-）是当代英国最重要的作家之一。2007年，她以“女性经验的史诗作者，以其怀疑的态度、激情和远见，清楚地剖析了一个分裂的文化”获得诺贝尔文学奖。《在我的皮肤下》是莱辛自传的第一卷。自传以莱辛的成长过程为主线。在线性时间结构的基础上，莱辛灵活使用时间叙事技巧，并辅以独特的空间叙事技巧，为莱辛的自传增添不少色彩；这种独特的叙事结构，也使读者能更加深入、全面、客观地看待作者。
库切的小说《夏日》创造性地运用了多角度叙述的方法，形成了多重声音的交响。在多重声音中，女性由沉默的他者变为话语的主体，男性话语沦为陪衬，真相趋向多元化。更重要的是，故事的主角已故作家“库切”以及南非社会，在多重声音的辉映下得以立体呈现，并无绝对的价值判断，体现出库切一贯的关于自传写作的观点：自传也是一种故事叙述。%In Summertime, the multiple voices refer to the narrative that various characters conduct about the leading hero or heroine in the text, and the variety of narrative perspectives manifests the pluralization of truth. Coetzee deliberately provides the reader with more than one voice instead of restricting the narration to a single narrative point of view. Coetzee takes a narrative strategy in multi- ple voices, transforming the mute other into a speaking subject. More significantly, the presentation of these women's own voices about themselves shows the objective "Coetzee" and South Africa society, which manifesting Coetzee's view on the nature of autobiography itself: autobiography is a kind of storytelling.
Full Text Available Ingmar Bergman (1918–2007 wrote his autobiography The Magic Lantern (Laterna magica, 1987 5 years after he had finished his film career with Fanny and Alexander, his last feature made for the cinema screen. This arguably marked the second stage of his strictly literary career, the first being his plays for the stage in the 1940s. The Magic Lantern is of interest from an intermedial perspective in its forthright theatricalization or cinematization of the written text and the self-conscious performativity of its authorial voice. Of particular interest is the way the narrator turns into a kind of distanciated autobiographical witness, which in turn reminds the reader of the inherent narrative split in the autobiographical genre between the enunciating subject speaking from the present, and the described subject, the younger self in the past. In doing so the narrator seems to turn language itself into a performative venue: the medium of words becomes a theatrical stage or a cinematically charged mise-en-scène for memory as such.This is of course not only stylistically elegant, for what can be more natural than a film- and theater director who, as the very title of the autobiography announces, turns memories into cinematic and theatrical performances? But even more interesting is the extent to which Bergman in doing so seems to conjur forth his biographical legend, reminding the reader of who is in charge of text: the narrator becomes the director of the text, so to speak, lighting and setting the stage.Besides this artful approach, Bergman also clearly fictionalized his life in other ways, which is corroborated by the private note books and original manuscripts that the writer of this paper has gained access to.
In his autobiographical novel Summertime, Coetzee takes a new way of expression:he put him-self shattered into the stories of different people so as to explore the many sides of himself through the debris of their evaluation. This way of writing is consistent with Coetzee’s creation concept of autobiography, and it is the deconstruction and reconstruction of the traditional theory of autobiography. Though there is fiction in con-tents, the readers can get some facts about the author under narration of the interviewees. In a sense, this work is like a multi-voice statement, which finally forms the writer Coetzee’s multivariate analysis and the under-standing of himself.%库切的自传体小说《夏日》采用了新奇的表达方式：将自我揉碎在多个人物的视域内加以评价，从而展现出多个侧面的自我主体形象。这样的写作方式是和作者的自传观相吻合的，是对传统自传观的解构与重建。借助于各个受访者独立视角的描述，虽有虚构的成分在其中，但却是力求达到真实的目的。从某种意义上而言，该作品如同一部多声部的陈述，最后形成作家库切对于自我的多元剖析及认识。
Full Text Available Arthur Schnitzler, écrivain et médecin, nous dit dans son autobiographie que les maladies mentales l’attirent surtout pour ce qu’elles ont de « poétique ou du moins de littéraire ». à partir d’un fait divers tragique (un individu dément tue son frère, authentique cas de paranoïa meurtrière, Schnitzler veut nous montrer par la fiction, que l’expertise de la littérature est supérieure à l’expertise médicale pour sentir et traduire la complexité des situations singulières. Il construit sa démonstration en puisant autant dans ses connaissances neurologiques et psychiatriques positives que dans la tradition de la médecine romantique et dans le conte fantastique.In his autobiography, writer and doctor Arthur Schnitzler (1862-1931 tells us that mental illnesses draw him especially by whatever may be their “poetic or at least literary” qualities. Referring to a tragedy reported in the news (a mentally ill person kills his brother – an authentic case of murderous paranoia, Schnitzler undertakes to show us, through fiction, that literary expertise is superior to medical expertise for feeling and translating the complexity of singular situations. He builds his demonstration drawing as much on his knowledge of the neurological sciences and psychiatry as he does the tradition of romantic medicine and tales of the fantastic.
Full Text Available Dans cet article on analyse la reconstruction du présent dans le roman de Marguerite Yourcenar Mémoires d’Hadrien. La définition de cette oeuvre comme une biographie imaginaire est la plus courante. Entre le II siècle et XX siècle il existe une distance énorme, néanmoins M. Yourcenar a su trouver ce qui lie ces deux époques. Quoiqu’elle s’intéresse à l’empereur Hadrien et à son ambiance, de façon paradoxale elle reconstruit le présent où elle vit, c’est–à–dire, les années qui suivent la Seconde Guerre mondiale. Hadrien présente pour M. Yourcenar l’idéal d’un homme politique. Ses anticipations reflètent les réalités de l’après-guerre. Ainsi l’empereur entrevoit la possibilité des Nations Unies, de l’OTAN, le rôle du pape dans la politique mondiale, les idées de la globalisation. Hadrien n’est pas lié avec un homme de politique concret. Cette reconstruction du présent dans Mémoires d’Hadrien est assez importante, car elle modifie le genre de cette oeuvre d’une „autobiographie imaginaire“ en „autobiographie imaginaire intellectuelle“.
J. Sergio Leite Lopes
Full Text Available TRATA-SE da apresentação e análise de uma rara autobiografia romanceada feita por um trabalhador e entregue aos pesquisadores após entrevista realizada com o autor em trabalho de campo na vila operária da cidade de Paulista, em Pernambuco. Apesar de apresentar metáforas e fábulas comuns ao gênero de literatura para leitura em voz alta, como o cordel, o autor domina uma narrativa elaborada com três versões de uma história comum, vista por três personagens, com pequenos mistérios e surpresas: só no meio da narrativa é que o leitor percebe se tratar de uma autobiografia. Por meio de uma narrativa ficcional de sua história vivida, o autor aborda suas origens rurais, a importância de alguns membros do grupo familiar na sua infância e adolescência; aspectos não-revelados nas entrevistas que versavam sobre sua participação recente no trabalho industrial. A experiência de migração para os centros metropolitanos, a diversidade de trabalhos na indústria, a relação com a leitura e a autodidaxia desse filho caçula são fatores, como em outras autobiografias operárias de que se tem conhecimento em escala internacional, para explicar esse trabalho reflexivo por escrito sobre o passado e suas origens sociais.IN THIS article is presented and analysed a rare ficional worker's autobiography given to the anthropologists after interviews in fieldwork done in the company-town located at the city of Paulista, Pernambuco. In spite of the use of fables and metaphors that are common to the literary genre for loud voice lecture, as cordel, the author masters an elaborate narrative with three versions of the same story, seen by three characters, with some mysteries and surprises: only in the middle of the text the reader perceives that it is an autobiography. Through fictional narrative of his living history, the author describes his rural origins and the importance of some members of his family unit in his childhood and youth; all non
Anna Garcia Busquets
Full Text Available Resum: En aquest article es presenta l’autobiografia espiritual en català Rahó de l’esperit (1709-1714 de la mística d’Olot Teresa Mir i March (1681-1764 i la Relació introductòria del seu pare espiritual, Esteve Gay, conservades en un testimoni únic, el manuscrit número 6 de la Biblioteca de Reserva de la Universitat de Barcelona. Se’n detalla l’estat de la qu?estió, la descripció i estructura del còdex, així com una anàlisi sumària dels diferents elements que el componen. S’aprofundeix en les dades biogràfiques de la beata a partir de la recerca arxivística. Es detallen les lectures de Mir durant els anys de redacció de Rahó de l’esperit (devocionaris i tractats espirituals, i es fa esment de com, a vegades, les representacions pictòriques i la imatgeria que tenia al seu abast l’ajudaven a formar les visions amb el seu poder evocador.Paraules clau: Estudis de gènere, Literatura catalana moderna, Autobiografia, MísticaAbstract: The article presents the spiritual autobiography in Catalan Rahó de l’esperit (1709-1714 by Teresa Mir i March (1681-1764, the mystic from Olot, and the introductory panegyric text by Esteve Gay, her spiritual father. The source is the unique documented testimonial: the manuscript number 6, Rare Book and Manuscript Library of the University of Barcelona. Further details on the issue are a description and the codex structure as well as a summary analysis of its different elements and a further learning of the blessed young lady‘s biography through archive research. A listing of Mir’s readings at the time Rahó de l’esperit (prayer books and spiritual treatises was written and details of how sometimes the powerful evocative pictorial representations and imagery she had access to, helped her conform her visions.Keywords: Gender studies, Modern Catalan literature, Autobiography, Mysticism
Full Text Available The modern world is interpreted and described in terms of an autobiographical society, in which the fundamental issues of human life are resolved in the process of an individual decision and being involved in a peculiar type of a dialog. This dialog is more and more often a dialog with oneself and an author’s vision of the world created in the confrontation with virtual reality. In this epoch context the biography is taken into account as a tool for perceiving, understanding and describing the change of the world and the human’s place in the world. Even though, the biography has functioned in social life forever, only now with the epoch of individualization, and then virtualization of life, its formative character has been noticed. Who is the subject of (autobiography? Who is it aimed at as a message and testimony of life? How is it created? Why is it constructed? Who is it constructed by? And then the questions which are behind the autobiography in the theoretical sense – What is life? How do we discover it? What is the link between telling about life and living the life? How is the telling (living about a life connected with culture and history? How does reading (interpreting about life connect with telling about life and the truth about life? Social development phases coupled with transformations within biographical reflection have been distinguished: life in a traditional world – the culture of telling about life; the birth of individualism (the individualization of experience – the culture of describing life; the discovery of identity – the culture of reading about life; life in the net and cyberspace – the culture of constructing life; the new communalism – the culture of seeking the meaning of life. Every stage of biographical reflection enables us to distinguish new forms of creating, understanding and using it in both the humanities and social life, but also in ordinary people’s life. The direction of changes sketched
Full Text Available The Autobiography of Miss Jane Pittman met en scène de manière spectaculaire deux figures de leadership noir-américain au XIXe siècle (Ned et au XXe siècle (Jimmy. Ned, fils adoptif de Jane Pittman, se rebaptise Professor Douglass en hommage au leader abolitionniste Frederick Douglass. S’il est fondamentalement laïc (il est instituteur, le texte lui confère néanmoins une dimension religieuse, notamment dans le chapitre intitulé « The Sermon at the River » , qui renvoie à la fois à Moïse (le fleuve et à Jésus (le sermon sur la montagne. Abattu par un tueur à gages, Ned est un martyr dont l’histoire était déjà écrite. Le personnage de Jimmy, attendu par toute une communauté comme le messie (alors que lui aussi est un laïc et un homme qui perd la foi, s’inscrit dans la même histoire. Lettré, éloquent et impliqué dans le mouvement pour les droits civils, il est assassiné comme son prédécesseur. Dans les deux cas, le texte lie donc le politique et le biblique comme s’il ne faisait qu’un : être un leader politique, c’est être un preacher et un messie qui guide le peuple. Il est possible de lire l’évocation de ces deux hommes à la lumière d’une certaine actualité. Ned et Jimmy connaissent en effet un sort proche de celui de Malcolm X et de Martin Luther King, récemment assassinés au moment de l’écriture de The Autobiography of Miss Jane Pittman. C’est l’histoire de la répression du leadership noir, au travers du portrait de deux de ses avatars, qui peut donc se lire en creux ici.
This study sought to understand how science learning experiences, and their potential influence, had on preservice elementary teachers' self-efficacy and perceptions of science teaching and learning at the beginning of their science methods course. Following an explanatory sequential mixed methods design, this study first involved the collection of quantitative data and then the collection of more in-depth qualitative data. In the first phase, the quantitative data included the Draw-a-Science-Teacher-Test Checklist (DASTT-C) and the Science Teaching Efficacy Belief Instrument (STEBI-B) of preservice elementary teachers (n = 69). Findings from this phase indicated preservice elementary teachers had a higher level of belief in their abilities to teach science (PSTE subscale) than to affect student outcomes in science (STOE subscale). However, the STOE was not found to be a reliable measure for this group of preservice elementary teachers and was not included in any further analysis. Findings from the DASTT-C images indicated the majority of these drawings could not be classified as student-centered. In the second phase of this study, the researcher explored selected science autobiographies written by these same preservice elementary teachers (n = 19), based on extremely high or low scores on the PSTE subscale and DASTT-C. Analysis of the science autobiographies revealed commonalities and differences. Commonalities included (a) the difficulty in remembering science from elementary school; (b) a mixture of positive and negative experiences in secondary school and college science classes; (c) the descriptions of good science days and good science teachers; and (d) the descriptions of bad science days and bad science teachers. Differences included (a) the people who influenced their attitudes toward science; (b) the types of experiences, when remembered, from elementary school; and (c) visions of their future classrooms. Based on these findings, these preservice
帕索里尼拍摄的《俄狄浦斯王》是影史上唯一一部以索福克勒斯的悲剧为底本改编而成的电影。但导演却没有遵照古希腊悲剧的精神内核去如实展演，而是任性地改写为自传式的构架，拿来为自己的“弗洛伊德”奠基，并希望能在第三世界中继续自己的马克思主义信仰。于是《俄狄浦斯王》就成了帕索里尼私人订制的，向世人告解自己精神分析与意识形态的影片。%K ing Oedipus made by Pasolini is the only film adapted from the tragedy of Sophocles . Although the director did not show the spiritual core of the ancient Greek tragedy truthfully ,he re‐wrote it as a framework of autobiography willfully in order to found his own“Freud” ,in hope of con‐tinuing his Marxist belief in the third World .Therefore ,King Oedipus becomes a personal tailored film for Pasolini himself through which the director confesses his psychoanalysis and ideology to the world .
Anahi Rocio Pochettino
Full Text Available Este ensayo problematiza, en primer lugar, las interpelaciones entre la “ficción autobiográfica” de Severo Sarduy y el “biografema” de Roland Barthes, como una modulación en la pregunta acerca de formas de la simulación y de cómo escribir la propia autobiografía con otros. En segundo lugar, analiza la obra Teoría del Cielo de Arturo Carrera y Teresa Arijón, cuando a través de la imagen del tokonoma revisan el legado de Lezama Lima y Sarduy, e inscriben su experimentación biografemática en la tradición neobarroca. This essay problematizes, first, the interpellations between the concepts of “autobiographical fiction” from Severo Sarduy and “biografema” from Roland Barthes, as a modulation in the question of simulation and how to write the own autobiography with-others. Second, analyzes the work Theory of Heaven of Teresa Arijón and Arturo Carrera, when they review the heritage of Lezama Lima and Sarduy through the image of the tokonoma, and inscribe their biografemátical experimentation in the neo-baroque tradition.
David J. Vázquez
Full Text Available Just as mariners use triangulation, mapping an imaginary triangle between two known positions and an unknown location, so, David J. Vázquez contends, Latino authors in late twentieth-century America employ the coordinates of familiar ideas of self to find their way to new, complex identities. Through this metaphor, Vázquez reveals how Latino autobiographical texts, written after the rise of cultural nationalism in the 1960s, challenge mainstream notions of individual identity and national belonging in the United States.In a traditional autobiographical work, the protagonist frequently opts out of his or her community. In the works that Vázquez analyzes in Triangulations, protagonists instead opt in to collective groups—often for the express political purpose of redefining that collective. Reading texts by authors such as Ernesto Galarza, Jesús Colón, Piri Thomas, Oscar “Zeta” Acosta, Judith Ortiz Cofer, John Rechy, Julia Alvarez, and Sandra Cisneros, Vázquez engages debates about the relationship between literature and social movements, the role of cultural nationalism in projects for social justice, the gender and sexual problematics of 1960s cultural nationalist groups, the possibilities for interethnic coalitions, and the interpretation of autobiography. In the process, Triangulations considers the potential for cultural nationalism as a productive force for aggrieved communities of color in their struggles for equality.
Abraham A. Fraenkel was a world-renowned mathematician in pre–Second World War Germany, whose work on set theory was fundamental to the development of modern mathematics. A friend of Albert Einstein, he knew many of the era’s acclaimed mathematicians personally. He moved to Israel (then Palestine under the British Mandate) in the early 1930s. In his autobiography Fraenkel describes his early years growing up as an Orthodox Jew in Germany and his development as a mathematician at the beginning of the twentieth century. This memoir, originally written in German in the 1960s, has now been translated into English, with an additional chapter covering the period from 1933 until his death in 1965 written by the editor, Jiska Cohen-Mansfield. Fraenkel describes the world of mathematics in Germany in the first half of the twentieth century, its origins and development, the systems influencing it, and its demise. He also paints a unique picture of the complex struggles within the world of Orthodox Jewry in Germany....
While the first 30 years of new China's scientific development was a self-reliant era marked by the detonations of the atomic bomb, the hydrogen bomb, and the launch of the first artificial satellite, the second 30 years after the reform and opening up was signified by the introduction of the Internet to China. Weimin Wu is a unique legendary figure whose career spanned both periods. He not only contributed to the bomb and satellite projects, but also sent out the email from China to Switzerland in 1986, which was listed as the first event in the history of China's Internet development. The Tiananmen Square Protest in 1989 changed his life's trajectory, leading him to eventually immigrate to the US. His personal emotional life is also remarkable. With his experiences immersed in both Eastern and Western cultures, Wu came to believe in the convergence theory of social development, which provides a refreshing perspective for the readers. The autobiography records the details of his legendary life stories, from ...
Thomas Gold (1920-2004) had a curious mind that liked to solve problems. He was one of the most remarkable astrophysicists in the second half of the twentieth century, and he attracted controversy throughout his career. Based on a full-length autobiography left behind by Thomas Gold, this book was edited by the astrophysicist and historian of science, Simon Mitton (University of Cambridge). The book is a retrospective on Gold’s remarkable life. He fled from Vienna in 1933, eventually settling in England and completing an engineering degree at Trinity College in Cambridge. During the war, he worked on naval radar research alongside Fred Hoyle and Hermann Bondi – which, in an unlikely chain of events, eventually led to his working with them on steady-state cosmology. In 1968, shortly after their discovery, he provided the explanation of pulsars as rotating neutron stars. In his final position at Cornell, he and his colleagues persuaded the US Defense Department to fund the conversion of the giant radio tele...
Renata Aparecida Frigeri
Full Text Available This work aims to investigate the ideological and intertextual parallels between Triumph of the Will, the movie, produced by Leni Riefenstahl and the book Mein Kampf, by Adolf Hitler. Triumph of the Will is the film registry of the National Socialist Party in 1934, at the city of Nuremberg and Mein Kampf was written by Hitler in 1924 while He was in jail; the book aims to guide the members of the Nazi party. For this, the research resumes History by the Nazi’s rise using authors like Elias Canetti (1995 and Hannah Arendt (1989; we also study German film production by Siegrief Kracauer (1988. After, this work investigates the movies made by Riefenstahl from Ray Müller’s documentary (1993, and also by the book from Steven Bach (2008 and Riefenstahl’s autobiography (1991. This research constitutes as metodology the books by Mikhail Bakhtin (2010, Robert Stam (1992 and Jacques Durand (1973, to make the movie’s découpage we use Laurent Jullier and Michel Marie (2009. We separated sixteen movie scenes and they were compared between each other to investigate if the movie was made to be seen by all of the german people, to convince them about the Nazi’s ideal – originally present and described in Mein Kampf.
Ter Hark, Michel
In the 1920s, Karl Popper wrote two large manuscripts on psychology that he never published. In his autobiography, Unended Quest, he attempts to reduce the importance of his work in psychology as much as possible, and in his philosophical work he is an antipsychologist. However, in this article, it is argued that Popper's early psychology has been pivotally important for the development of his philosophy. In particular, it is shown that Popper's views on psychology underwent a radical shift, one that paved the way for his characteristic deductive stance in philosophy. Popper's views shifted from an inductive and associationistic psychology toward a noninductive psychology of problem solving. Tracing the historical background of Popper's early work reveals how he integrated various parts of the psychology of Karl Groos into his analysis of the childish phenomenon of dogmatic thinking and how he shortly after appropriated various elements of the animal psychology of Hans Volkelt and Herbert Jennings in his biological approach to (dogmatic) thinking. In the monumental works of Otto Selz, however, Popper finally found the roots of a noninductive and biological approach to the growth of individual and scientific knowledge.
Michelle A. Reyes
Full Text Available This article examines how Unger’s Confessions of a Beautiful Soul written by Herself creates a new model of moral acquisition. This model finds its place between religious morality and moral performance, calling for the novel’s protagonist, Mirabella, to cultivate a moral self through the spiritual practice of reading. Such a model still revolves around moral transformation, but it is no longer of her soul, but rather her thoughts; that is, Mirabella must first collect various depictions of morality from a wide scope of literature, then choose from these which ones she deems as of greatest importance to her, namely virginity and the control of the passions, and then apply these two concepts in great measure to her self. The proof of her successful cultivation is then evident in her physiognomy. This model is as new as it is radical; first, it provides an alternative to Goethe’s model in his fictional autobiography, Confessions of a Beautiful Soul; second, it contains implications for Mirabella in terms of both gender and class; finally, it allows for a new form of moral authenticity during a time of growing artifice in late eighteenth-century Germany. Foucault’s notions of self-cultivation in The Care of the Self, as well as the commentaries on physiognomy advanced in the works of Lavater and Winckelmann, provide the interpretive lens for this new model.
Full Text Available This article is a more general "companion" to the subsequent, Brian ROBERTS (2011 "Interpreting Photographic Portraits: Autobiography, Time Perspectives and Two School Photographs". The article seeks to add to the growing awareness of the importance of visual materials and methods in qualitative social research and to give an introduction to the "photographic self image"—self-portraits and portraits. It focuses on time and memory, including the experiential associations (in consciousness and the senses that the self engenders, thus linking the "visual" (photographic and "auto/biographical". The article attempts to "map" a field—the use of portraiture within social science—drawing on narrative and biographical research, on one side, and photographic portraiture, on the other. In supporting the use of photography in qualitative research it points to the need for researchers to have a greater knowledge of photographic (and art criticism and cognisance of photographic practices. The article does not intend to give a definitive account of photographic portraiture or prescribe in detail how it may be used within social science. It is an initial overview of the development and issues within the area of photographic portraiture and an exploration of relevant methodological issues when images of individuals are employed within social science—so that "portraiture" is better understood and developed within biographical and narrative research. URN: http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs110263
Andrés Ríos Molina
Full Text Available El artículo analiza el caso de Alberto Nicolat Talocín: un paranoico que tuvo varios ingresos al Manicomio La Castañeda. Con base en sus autobiografías y la tesis escrita por el médico Gregorio Oneto Barenque, el autor reconstruye la forma en que el "loco" se relacionó con la institución terapéutica y con el lenguaje psiquiátrico. Además, se discute el papel del enfermo mental y el contexto cultural en la construcción del saber científico sobre las psicopatías.This article analyzes the case of Alberto Nicolat Talocín: a paranoic that was hospitalized several times in the lunatic asylum La Castañeda. On the basis of their autobiographies and the thesis written by doctor Gregorio Oneto Barenque, the author reconstruct the way "madmen" related to therapeutic institutions and psychiatric language. They also discuss the role of the mentally ill and the cultural context of the construction of scientific knowledge of psychopathies.
Alabrús Iglesias, Rosa María
Full Text Available The article analyzes the objective characteristics of spirituality of Hipólita de Rocabertí expressed in his Autobiography. It contrast the religiosity of the Dominican nun with the construction of her image in the Seventeenth century: the gloss of the jesuit Jaume Puig, the biography written by Antonio de Lorea and the promotion and operation of the beatification developeds for his nephew Juan Tomás Rocabertí. There are studied the reasons of his process of unsuccessful beatification.El artículo analiza las características objetivas de la espiritualidad de Hipólita de Rocabertí, manifestadas en su Autobiografía. Se contrasta la religiosidad de la monja dominica con los esfuerzos de construcción de su imagen en el siglo XVII: la glosa del jesuita Jaume Puig, la biografía escrita por Antonio de Lorea y la operación de promoción a la beatificación que desarrolló su sobrino Juan Tomás de Rocabertí. Se estudian las causas de su proceso de beatificación fallida.
Lindgrén, S.; Neumann, J.
Benvenuto Cellini (1500-71), the renowned goldsmith and sculptor of the late Renaissance in Italy, claimed in his autobiography that he directed artillery fire at rain clouds, thus stopping the rain. The occasion was the festive entrance into Rome (on 3 November 1538) of the Duchess Margaret of Austria, natural daughter of the Holy Roman Emperor, who was also King of Spain Charles V. She came to Rome to be wedded to the grandson of the reigning Pontiff, Flaul III.Since Cellini tended to be boastful, we checked three independent contemporary sources describing Margaret's reception. None of the three mentions firing at clouds; they do not even say that there was rain on that day. It must be added, however, that all three accounts are very brief, and that in the past, records of events usually put emphasis on actions of rulers and other important personages, paying little attention to environmental (and even to social) conditions. Thus, the most that we can say in regard of Cellini's claim is that we cannot corroborate his assertion of firing at clouds.Attention is drawn also to Cellini's excellent description of a phenomenon in atmospheric optics, viz. that of the "Heiligtnschein" (of the "wet" type). Cicely M. Botley points out that this phenomenon was described by Cellini 250 years before the first scientific presentation of the observation.
沈复《浮生六记》是我国古代文言小说中不可多得的自传体抒情之作，书中“余”与芸娘伉俪情笃，追求自由，却难为封建卫道士所容，终于难逃其悲剧命运。二人两次吃粥时的不同境遇令人唏嘘，书中所抒写的女性命运与人生处境值得我们深思。%Shen Fu's Six Chapters of A Floating Life is a lyric autobiographies in the history of ancient Chinese classical novel . In this book , YunNiang and I have a close and deep conjugal relationship , looking forward to the freedom;however the story is not acceptable for the feudal apologists .The characters described in the novel has inevitably gone into the tragic fate .The different sit-uations where the two characters eating their porridge were full of frustrations and misfortune and it is worthwhile for us to think a -bout the female fate presented in the novel .
Winnicott signs off his celebrated review of Jung's (1963) autobiography Memories, Dreams, Reflections with the warning that translation of 'erreichten' as 'attained' (implying assimilation) rather than as 'reached to', could 'queer the pitch for further games of Jung-analysis'. This subtly underscores his view that Jung--who he described earlier as 'mentally split' and lacking 'a self with which to know'--remained essentially dissociated. However, Winnicott, whilst immersed in this work on Jung, wrote a letter to Michael Fordham describing himself as suffering 'a lifelong malady' of 'dissociation'. But this he now reported repaired through a 'splitting headache' dream of destruction, dreamt 'for Jung, and for some of my patients, as well as for myself' (Winnicott 1989, p. 228). Winnicott's recurrent concern during his last decade was with 'reaching to'--that quintessential Winnicottian term--some reparative experience that could address such difficulties in constellating a 'unit self'. This is correlated with his engagement with Jung and tracked through his contemporaneous clinical work, particularly 'Fear of Breakdown' (1963). Themes first introduced by Sedgwick (2008) and developed by the author's earlier 'Winnicott on Jung; destruction, creativity and the unrepressed unconscious' (2011) are given further consideration.
Full Text Available This article proposes a re-reading of Aboriginal author Sally Morgan’s Stolen Generations narrative My Place (1987 in post-Apology Australia (2008–present. The novel tells the story of Morgan’s discovery of her maternal Aboriginal origins through the life-stories of her mother and grandmother; the object of a quest for the past that is both relational and matrilineal; incorporating elements of autobiography and as-told-to memoirs to create a form of choral autoethnography. Morgan’s text explores the intergenerational consequences of child removal in the Aboriginal context and is representative of Indigenous-authored narratives in its suggestion that the children and grand-children of victims of colonial policies and practices can work through the trauma of their ancestors. I examine the literary processes of decolonization of the Indigenous writing/written self and community; as well as strategies for individual survival and cultural survivance in the Australian settler colonial context; especially visible through the interactions between traumatic memories and literary memoirs, a genre neglected by trauma theory’s concern with narrative fragmentation and the proliferation of “themed” life-writing centered on a traumatic event. This article calls for a revision of trauma theory’s Eurocentrism through scholarly engagement with Indigenous experiences such as Morgan’s and her family in order to broaden definitions and take into account collective, historical, and inherited trauma.
Daniel Padilha Pacheco da Costa
Full Text Available The poetic corpus attributed to François Villon was composed in the second half of the fifteenth century, around the beginning of the reign of Louis XI. Since the nineteenth century, his editors considered this traditional attribution of authorship as self-evident, in light of the modern conception of the author as the creator of the work of art and the guarantee of its authenticity. At the end of the nineteensixties, the debate on the author’s death questioned the prevailing method at the time of critical explanation of the work based on biography. The choice of a poet particularly studied by the biographical tradition aims at highlightinf some of the effects of that debate on literary criticism. Until then, concerned mostly with the context of enunciation, the criticism of Villon turned to the analysis of the linguistic construction of his poetic character in the text. But the new criticism is also based on the prerequisite of biographical criticism, according to which the empirical author of the work would be the famous outlaw François des Loges. Thus, the poetry of Villon is considered a fictional autobiography of that historical individual . Then, in this article, the new criticism of Villon is presented not as a break with the biographical criticism (as it intends to be, but as a recasting of analysis on common ground.
Full Text Available With its first person narrator, radical tonal changes, and wild blend of genres (autobiography, romance, Gothic melodrama, Christian exemplum, etc., Brontë’s Jane Eyre is a case study in the difficulties of cinematic adaptation, as the filmmaker attempts to balance "fidelity" with contemporary relevance and entertainment value. This article examines Cary Fukunaga’s 2011 version, and in particular certain orientations animating his necessarily "partial" reading of the novel. Chief among these is the decision to begin the film when Jane leaves Thornfield; recounting much of the story in discontinuous flashback, the film manages simultaneously to admit Jane’s narrative voice while eliminating its potentially distracting nature. Fukunaga’s other choices include the toning down of the novel’s lurid Gothic quality, its overt romanticism, and—today an overly familiar romantic comedy stereotype—the teasing interplay between the two protagonists. Communicating in a compact language of visual symbol, he also uses the original’s "religious plot" as a tool for modern character analysis.
Full Text Available Ellen Ross (1816?–1892 emigrated from Scotland to Montreal at mid-century and wrote two Gothic novels, in one of which – Violet Keith, An Autobiography (1868 – she used the Canadian setting as a fantastic Gothic locale in which to explore areas of social and sexual transgression. Drawing on earlier traditions of European Gothic, including Sir Walter Scott’s mythologized Scottish landscape, and on an emerging North American genre of convent exposes, Ross’s writing accommodates female protest, distances it from reality and allows its dissipation in conventional denouements. If female Gothic can be read as an analogue of realistic women’s problems, then perhaps this analogy can be extended to encompass emigration and immigrant life. The paper analyzes Ross’s motifs of loss, imprisonment, solitude, surveillance and deliverance and considers the possibility that Gothic motifs in her work both conceal and express features of the immigrant’s psychic battle with the transition to the New World.
Ahi Community as an Educational Institution and “Marks of Ahi Community Culture on Today’s Bursa Craftsman” by Hülya Taş / Kitap Tanıtım ve Değerlendirme: Bir Eğitim Kurumu Olarak Ahilik ve Hülya Taş’ın “Günümüz Bursa Esnafında Ahilik Kültüründen İzler”Adlı Eseri
Full Text Available This article is about Ahi community comprising of moral, religious, social and cultural values; the relationship between Ahi community and education; the presentation of the study named“Marks of Ahi Community on Today’s Bursa Craftsman”written by Hülya TAŞ in essence. In addition, the article gives publicity to the autobiography of Hülya TAŞ who has done successful studies aboutTurkish folklore and Ahi community and her academic studies. Bu makale esas itibariyle ahlaki, dinî, sosyal ve kültürel değerler bütünü olan ahilik teşkilatını, ahilik teşkilatının eğitim ile ilişkisini ve Hülya TAŞ tarafından hazırlanan “Günümüz Bursa Esnafında Ahilik Kültüründen İzler” adlı eserin tanıtımını konu almaktadır. Makalede ayrıca Türk halk bilimi ve ahilikle ilgili başarılı çalışmalar yapan Hülya TAŞ’ın öz geçmişine ve akademik çalışmalarına da yer verilmektedir.
Lenz, Michele Ann
This study examined how women in the field of science craft a science life. Within a historical and cultural framework, the study analyzed the autobiographies, biographies, and other written works of five noted women scientists who lived during the time period of 1878 through 1992. The women scientists chosen for the study were Lise Meitner, Florence Seibert, Barbara McClintock, Rita Levi-Montalcini, and Rosalind Franklin. Together they represented the three major science disciplines of biology, chemistry and physics. I attempted to make sense of my own science life using the stories of the women scientists as a framework. Situating my experiences within the context of the lives of the women scientists allowed me to use a phenomenological approach to discern commonalities within their lives and my own. The results indicated that the women scientists and myself encountered multiple obstacles in terms of access and equity. However, it was also indicated that all of the women in the study developed a variety of techniques, including resistance and accommodation, in order to navigate these obstacles while still being able to pursue their chosen career path. These women did, however, make great sacrifices that cost them personally, emotionally, financially, and even in terms of their career advancement. Their success was closely tied to their ability to forge their own path, to create their own way of living, and to accept themselves as nonconformists.
被誉为“华裔美国文学的开山作品之一”的《华女阿五》是美国华裔文学之母黄玉雪的一部自传。基于积极心理学的角度，文章从情感体验、人格特质和社会环境等三个层面分析了主人公阿五的优点和美德，探讨了阿五从默默无闻走向成功的原因。%“Fifth Chinese Daughter” which is evaluated as “one of the pioneer works of Chinese American Litera-ture” is an autobiography of Jade Snow Wong ,the mother of Chinese American literature .Based on the perspective of positive psychology ,this paper analyzes fifth daughter ’ s virtues and goodness from subjective experience ,personal traits and social institutions ,explores reasons for fifth daughter ’ s success ,and reminds women to keep a positive at-titude to pursuit their dreams bravely under the guidance of positive psychology .
Molad, Gershon J
Would you consider looking at two paintings instead of reading a more ritualized abstract? In the first painting, the poet W. B. Yeats shows passages from his autobiography to his friend, the poet and painter George Russell. Russell is appalled to read that there is hardly a single fact accurate: "If you show me the manuscript," he tells Yeats, "I will correct the facts." Yeats airily dismisses the offer: "Oh, I do not want accuracy. I only want a picturesque sentence" (Kiberd, 2003). The second painting is an image I cherish in my mind for years: a photo of the Teatro del Mondo (the theater of the world) created by Aldo Rossi, the late Italian architect, for the 1979 Venice Biennale. Built in the Venice tradition of floating theaters, Rossi created a theater on water, a raft tugged by a boat. Within the panoramic view of Venice, there is a "huge piece of carpentry," which looks like a stageset of a child's dream memory: some big connected play-cubes made of light brown wood on a metal grid of scaffolding, and a blue pointed tower. For Rossi, this theater goes beyond the context of Venice. It is like "the Marine buildings in Maine, the wonderful tall light houses--'the houses of the light'--that observe and are observed...[in a] Venetian method of construction...that seeks fantasy only in the real" (Rossi, 1979).
Full Text Available The Irish poet Richard Murphy published his autobiography “The kick: a life among writers” in 2003. From a slightly different perspective the subtitle of this work could be rewritten as “A life in writing” since it is an account of the agencies that moulded a life devoted to creative writing which forms the book’s essential impetus. The memoir is based on notebooks which Murphy kept throughout his life “to hold the scraps of verse, elusive images, dreams, desires and revelations” to be developed into poetry. Apart from contextualising his poetry by registering the relationships, circumstances and landscapes from which it germinated, Murphy also tells of the creative process itself and the personal poetics underlying this process. This article explores what is regarded as the central determining feature of Murphy’s identity as poet, namely the relationship between the creative self and a particular place, where the concept of “place” is seen as a cultural palimpsest which represents not only physical qualities, but also the shaping and development of the landscape through time according to a certain way of life.
侯清麟《脚步声声》是一本具有自传体色彩的长篇小说，作者用纪实的手法、农家子弟的主观视角，还原了1978年高考恢复前后中国乡村社会的时代特征；以“青春记忆”为叙事脉络，完成了对角色主体性成长的描写与心路历程的刻画，生动呈现了78级大学生这一特殊群体的早期记忆。%Hou Qingling’s works Jiao Bu Sheng Sheng is a long novel with autobiography features.The writer’s documentary literary form and the plain subjective views from the husbandman restored the characteristics of China's rural areas in 1978 when the policy of college entrance examination resumed.Taking “the memories of youth”as the main thread of narrative,the author completed the depiction of the protagonist's journey which lead to his maturity and inward process which vividly presented the early memory of one generation who own the privilege to access university.
This final report will summarize research that relates to human behavioral health and performance of astronauts and flight controllers. Literature reviews, data archival analyses, and ground-based analog studies that center around the risk of human space flight are being used to help mitigate human behavior and performance risks from long duration space flights. A qualitative analysis of an astronaut autobiography was completed. An analysis was also conducted on exercise countermeasure publications to show the positive affects of exercise on the risks targeted in this study. The three main risks targeted in this study are risks of behavioral and psychiatric disorders, risks of performance errors due to poor team performance, cohesion, and composition, and risks of performance errors due to sleep deprivation, circadian rhythm. These three risks focus on psychological and physiological aspects of astronauts who venture out into space on long duration space missions. The purpose of this research is to target these risks in order to help quantify, identify, and mature countermeasures and technologies required in preventing or mitigating adverse outcomes from exposure to the spaceflight environment
Oscar Calavia Sáez
Full Text Available A autobiografia, gênero central na bibliografia escrita por ou sobre indígenas nos Estados Unidos, está ausente na bibliografia equivalente no Brasil. Este trabalho questiona as razões desse contraste, resumindo análises sobre a peculiaridade cultural do gênero autobiográfico - profundamente vinculado à formação do indivíduo ocidental -, sobre sua possível tradução ameríndia e sobre as formas pelas quais o sujeito histórico indígena tem sido construído no Brasil.Autobiography, widely present in bibliography written by or about the indigenous people in the US, is seldom found in equivalent texts produced in Brazil. This article raises and discusses reasons for this contrast. It brings to light problems involving cultural peculiarities of the autobiographic genre - profoundly connected to the formation of the occidental individual -, the possibilities of its Amerindian translation and the specific aspects by which the historical indigenous subject has been constructed in Brazil.
Ataiena V. da L. Miguel Sobrinho
Full Text Available In this paper, we discuss a childhood autobiography, L’Odeur du café, of Dany Laferrière, French language writer usually associated with what is known as “migrant literature”. In the first item, we discuss essential theoretical issues in order to define the autobiographical narrative of childhood, taking into consideration the notion of life history and specific elements of the biographic unit, in particular, childhood memories. Next, we present the writer Dany Laferrière and we discuss the context of his cultural and artistic production, characterized by a hybrid type of poetics written in reinvented French. Finally, we present some of the characteristics of L'Odeur du café, such as the predominance of present tense — an unusual fact in the French narrative — the use of a rhetoric of sincerity, some traits of Creole and, finally, some of the associations between the book and elements of Naïf painting.
Lars Ole Bonde
Full Text Available In August 2013, the Centre for Music and Health published its first anthology in English - ‘Musical Life Stories’. In the Anthology, 17 authors from 6 countries present their research on the influence of music in a lifelong health perspective. A unique feature of the book is a collection of “personal narratives” by the authors. 13 of the authors wrote a short, free-form narrative about the influence of music on their own identity and health from a life span perspective. This article describes a thematic analysis of the 13 narratives. I investigated the question “Do these music therapy/music psychology researchers use music for their own health in different ways than lay people?” The themes identified are related to the international research literature on music and identity, as well as being considered in relation to the author’s study of health themes in the musical autobiographies of music therapy students at Aalborg University (DK. The analysis reveals that the researchers’ appreciation and appropriation of music’s affordances are basically the same as those reported by music therapy students and lay people.
Full Text Available The student interested in cultural assimilation, hybridity, and naturalization, in masculinity, authorship, and identity, in what happened to the Irish in Britain in the twentieth century, will turn at some point to the Mayo-born, Lancashire writer Bill Naughton (1910-1992, author of a classic children’s story collection The Goalkeeper’s Revenge and Other Stories (1961, ofAlfie (1965, the film which helped define 1960s London, and of a series of autobiographies largely centering on his Irish childhood and upbringing in Bolton. It has been the historic role of Irish writers from Richard Brinsley Sheridan to Oscar Wilde, from Elizabeth Bowen to William Trevor, to give the English back to themselves in a gallery of portraits. Naughton is part of this tradition, but, unlike these other writers, his subject is the English working class, which he writes about from within, with both sympathy and knowledge. It can be readily conceded that his work is not at the forefront of modern English or Irish writing, but it does deserve to be better known and appreciated. Here in this discursive essay, with an eye on his Irish background, I move back and forth across his writing to reflect on his contribution not so to much the cultural greening of Britain as to the mass observation of the English and of the Irish in Britain.
Full Text Available Eight male youth in conflict with the law were interviewed by using Schütze's Narrative Interview (1992a; 1992b. Thematic and textual regularities in their autobiographies were studied through indexed and non-indexed propositions. This research was conducted in a discursive-narrative psychology perspective which integrates contributions of Jerome Bruner, Kenneth Gergen and Mary Gergen and other authors who posit the narrative construction of the self. The youth focused peer pressure, the drive for consuming goods and immaturity as reasons for initiating illicit activities and the fear of precocious and violent death as a reason for changing a delinquent life course. Their autobiographical histories constructed a meaning of "conversion" by means of a regressive-progressive skeleton plot which articulated the narrator's most significant experiences. Passive or active voices and realist or subjunctive styles were used in order to obtain certain effects of meaning about transgression practices. We conclude the image each narrator claims for himself is a result of narrative and discursive reconstruction work bound to the interaction between interviewer and interviewee.
Lana Beth Araujo
Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-8026.2014n67p63 As the title itself suggests, the present article aims at tracing a parallel between history and fiction in the novel Face of an Angel, a fictional autobiography by Mexican-American writer Denise Chávez. Therefore, it is the focus of the current paper to analyse how the intertextuality between Chávez’s plot and the historical periods that work as backdrops to the narrative operate. In order to set the boundaries of this research, three phases were selected for their relevance to the development of the narrator/protagonist, Soveida Dosamantes and also to the Chicanos’ historical process: the period that followed the Mexican-American War, the boiling 1960’s and the supposedly promising 1980’s. For the purpose of carrying out this paper, the works by Stuart Hall, María Antonia Oliver-Rotger, Ellen McCracken, among others, were used as its theoretical support
Schwartz, Stephan A
Two hundred years of reductive materialism has failed to explain the extraordinary experiences we know as moments of genius, religious epiphany, and psychic insight. This paper proposes that these three experiences are in essence the same experience, differentiated only by intention and context. It reaches this conclusion based on well-conducted experimental research across the continuum of science--work that proposes a new interdependent model of consciousness that takes into consideration a nonlocal linkage or entanglement, as an aspect of consciousness not limited by space and time. The paper surveys some of the most important relevant research from quantum biology, physics, psychology, medicine, anthropology, and parapsychology. It proposes that more attention should be paid to the autobiographies, correspondence, and journals of men and women to whom history unequivocally accords the designation of genius, saint, or psychic, offering examples from these sources. And it presents comparisons between ethnohistorical material and spiritual traditions, suggesting they arrive at a similar worldview. Finally, it proposes that meditation research, some examples of which are cited, be seen in the context of psychophysical self-regulation, and that it offers one powerful avenue for producing these exceptional experiences.
Alejandro Hernán Morea
Full Text Available Los sucesos de mayo iniciaron el proceso revolucionario que iba a culminar con la declaración de Independencia del Virreinato del Río de la Plata de la corona española. En este contexto, el Ejército Auxiliar del Perú, se transformó en uno de los principales instrumentos con los que contó la elite revolucionaria para consolidarse en el poder. El presente trabajo pretende abordar uno de los fenómenos más recurrentes dentro del ejército, las deserciones, a partir de las memorias y autobiografías de aquellos que se desempeñaron como oficiales en dicho ejército entre 1811 y 1820. The events of May started the revolutionary process that culminated with the independence of the River Plate Viceroyalty from the Spanish Crown. In this context, the Auxiliary Army of Peru turned into one of the most important instruments that the revolutionary elite had to consolidate their power. This work aims to analyze one of the most recurrent problems inside the Army; namely desertion, from the memories and autobiographies of the officers of this Army between 1811 and 1820.
Full Text Available From Antiquity to the Enlightenment, several biographical writings from Parallel Lives of Plutarch to the Memoirs of Saint-Simon were practiced. However, the eighteenth century saw the first emergence of the autobiography of introspection in the works of Rousseau. This new literary creation, far from being a simple description of memories, contained the analytical study of Rousseau’s psychological evolution. Following the tempestuous years of composing the Confessions and the Dialogues, a period of quietude and interior consolation began with the Reveries. In this paper, through examining this final stage of Rousseau’s self-analysis, we attempt to procure the answer to the mental problems of modern man; the notions of solitude and falsehood which have been a tragedy for the man of today are herald of «Joie de vivre» in the Reveries. For this end, we examine the analysis carried out by some contemporary authors and critics while having Rousseau's perspective in mind. Keywords: Jean-Jacques Rousseau, definitive solitude, falsehood, self-sufficiency, golden age
Biographical historical theory wasn't well developed in modern China , while biographical history was thriving .Liu Yizheng made great achievements in Chinese cultural history as well as in biographical history .He produced many biographies of other famous people and also autobiography of himself .The characteristics of his bi-ographies of attaching importance to enlightenment , academic values and facts manifested the special aspect of mod-ern biographical history of China .%传记史学理论在中国近代虽然不甚发达，但传记史学却颇为兴盛。柳诒徵不仅在中国文化史、史学理论等方面成就显著，在传记史学方面也颇有建树，他传、自传多有行世，而其传记的注重教化、学术性、真实性等特点，也昭示了中国近代传记史学的特有面向。
Biographical literature has actractted the attention of Lin Yu-tang. He not only wrote a few autobiographies and celebrity biographies,but also introduced many excellent works. Studying ancient literature, Lin Yu-tang found natural humanity and happy life. He expressed the idea about the development of Chinese modern biographical literature.%林语堂特别关注传记文学的创作,在不同时期都写有自传,并创作了几部重要的人物传记,且对中外优秀的传记作品大加推介. 在考察中国古代传记文学时,林语堂从现代个体意识出发,发现了自然人性的流露和生命愉悦的存在. 在这样的发现里,他表达了对中国现代传记文学发展的构想:尊重人性的自然流露,在日常俗世中追求超越性,实现审美文化人格的建构.
Full Text Available Coetzee’s scholarly interest in Beckett, and his aesthetic interest in the same (which carries a strong measure of readily acknowledged influence, diverge in the case Coetzee presents in a recent mini-biography cum autobiography, “Samuel Beckett in Cape Town – an imaginary history” (Coetzee, 2006:74-77, where both he and Beckett are imagined as having experienced alternative pasts in South Africa. Considering this acknowledged influence, which Coetzee (1992b mentions in an interview with David Attwell in “Doubling the point”, one might assume that it followed an initial scholarly interest in Beckett(Coetzee’s Ph.D. was on Beckett, and was completed years before he himself became a creative writer. However, in the case at hand this causal sequence is broken, because the doubled Coetzee, though under the spell of Beckett’s prose, does not wish to do scholarly work on the doubled Beckett. What is it about Coetzee’s imagined Beckett that has this effect on him? And why is it that Coetzee engages in such metafictional blurred doubling when it comes to himself and Beckett? This article attempts to shed light on the problems that surround Coetzee’s crafted interaction between authors who are also (in this rather odd context characters.
Janet Tipton Hindman
Full Text Available The article uses contextual biography to examine the psychological and existential dimensions of “an internal environment that interacts with the other contexts in which the [author] evolves (Vidal, F., 2003, p. 73. Through a network of enterprises (Gruber, 1980 as a key aspect of that internal environment, this contextual autobiography conceptualizes a slice of the author’s life through the integration of particular literary and life contexts and her position within these background experiences. By using a unique and creative narrative of personal experiences, the author posits the universal or ontological problem of understanding the “all” of readiness for one of Shakespeare’s central characters with the juxtaposition of her own life as undertaken through the literary contexts examined. A catastrophic spinal injury coupled with the loss of her beloved father serve as prime catalysts for extreme life changes for the author creating questions of self-doubt and self-awareness, and whether the readiness for her was indeed, all. The article purposively adds to our understanding of how the internal environment and network of enterprises within an individual’s life experiences juxtaposed with literary contexts may profoundly inspire others to live unique lives of action and readiness. Findings of the study present the participant’s joyful journey of discovery and personal renewal with the most important lesson learned being that education is the ticket to a life of freedom and personal success.
By interpreting Franklin’ s Autobiography and referring to relevant historical documents, this paper explores Franklin’ s thoughts on religion, education and literature. A conclusion is drawn that, though Franklin is a prestigious intellectual and a successful writer, his emphasis on utilitarianism makes him take on an anti-intellec-tual tint, which has helped to lay the foundation for anti-intellectualism in American society after him.%文章通过解读富兰克林的《自传》，并结合相关历史文献，探讨了富兰克林的宗教观、教育理念、文学观。得出结论是：虽然富兰克林本身是著名的知识分子，也是富有成就的作家，但是对实用主义的过分强调，使其具有初步的反智倾向，为后来美国社会中盛行的反智主义思想奠定了基础。
Full Text Available The relationship between autobiography and fiction, as well as the phenomenon of the double, are one of the most popular subjects among the investigators of the works of Roberto Bolaño. Many critics intend to “open” his texts with a “factual key” and discover his truth, describe his way of mixing reality with fantasy. In other words, one of the central problems in Roberto Bolaño’s ouvre is the phnomenon of the autofiction. Instead of participating in the terminological discussions surrounding the subject, in this essay I propose an approach to the different sides of Bolaño through a juxtaposition of three ideas: the dialogism of Mikhail Bakhtin, the “paralactic mode” of Hal Foster and, specifically, the “sylleptic subject” described by a Polish scholar, Ryszard Nycz. These theoretical devices facilitate the description of the process in which Bolaño effectuates the declination of his own identity. The essay consists of a metaphor drawned form the texts of Jorge Luis Boges, a response to other critical readings of Bolaño’s autofiction and an analysis of the literary investigations described by the chilean author. It is concluded by an approach to the “savagery”, Bolaño’s intrinsic condition which reveals itself in the labyrinthic paradigm of his “I”.
Trang Thi Thu Tran
Full Text Available This study investigated EFL students’ and teachers’ perspectives and experiences of managing foreign language anxiety (FLA. Data were obtained from 49 student autobiographies, 18 student interviews, 8 teacher interviews and 351 student responses to an open-ended question. Content analysis was used to analyse the data with the use of NVivo. A dual-task approach to managing FLA (i.e. reducing its negative effects and taking advantage of its positive effects with specific strategies for students, teachers and other stakeholders was identified. The analysis also revealed important findings related to key stakeholders in FLA management, tensions in managing FLA, the extent to which students’ and teachers’ perceptions of FLA management matched, how they managed student FLA at university and the factors affecting students’ success in managing FLA. The findings of the study indicate that one should not expect a one size fits all model for FLA management, and emphasise the need to focus on working with FLA instead of only focusing on reducing it.
Full Text Available This article attempts to examine the problem of friendship as it was understood by Seneca in his letters sent to Lucillus. The author scrutinizes the main items in the philosopher’s autobiography to investigate the influence of the events from Seneca’s biography in the shaping of the opinions of the thinker. Lucillus, the addressee of the letters, was actually Seneca’s long-time friend and confidant. The issue of friendship has a long and rich tradition of its own in the antique times. This particular relationship between human beings was of much interest to Plato, Aristotle, Epicurus, Cicero and many others. Seneca does not venture into an attempt at creating a vision for coherent science related to friendship. What he does though is to furnish a vast array of thoughts concerning such questions as: who is worthy of friendship, why is it worth having a friend and what forms the basis for friendship? Strangely enough, these establishments made by Seneca somehow seem to be more close to us than those in which the philosopher constructs the image of a superhuman wise man, a stoic.
Heilna du Plooy
Full Text Available When Joanne Leonard’s photo collage Romanticism is ultimately fatal (1972 appeared in H.W. Janson’s History of art, the image brought her recognition as an artist. It gave her the confidence to further develop her technique of making photo collages, and the collages became a means of giving expression to her personal emotions as well as her reactions to historical events and public debates. In 2008, Leonard published an autobiographical text, ‘an intimate memoir’, in which she presents a selection of photographs and photo collages narrating her development as an artist and as a person. Written text is added to the visual images, providing information about the content and technical aspects of the photographs and collages as well as about the stages of her life as a person and an artist. This article discusses Joanne Leonard’s photo memoir by focussing on the relationship between identity and narrativity, on the constructed nature of all representions and especially represented autobiographical narratives and, finally, on the understanding and functioning of memory. The theoretical and philosophical aspects of identity, narrative identity, construction and memory are explored, and selected art works are analysed and discussed. The conclusion of the article suggests that autobiography, in all its variety, remains one of the most fascinating genres to study and that this photo memoir is an exceptional example.
Stoller, R J
Sexual excitement depends on a scenario the person to be aroused has been writing since childhood. The story is an adventure, an autobiography disguised as fiction, in which the hero/heroine hides crucial intrapsychic conflicts, mysteries, screen memories of actual traumatic events and the resolution of these elements into a happy ending, best celebrated by orgasm. The function of the fantasy is to take these painful experiences and convert them to pleasure-triumph. In order to sharpen excitement-the vibration between the fear of original traumas repeating and the hope of a pleasurable conclusion this time-one introduces into the story elements of risk (approximations of the trauma) meant to prevent boredom and safety factors (sub-limnal signals to the storyteller that the risk are not truly dangerous). Sexual fantasy can be studied by means of a person's daydreams (including those chosen in magazines, books, plays, television, movies, and outright pornography), masturbatory behavior, object choice, foreplay, techniques of intercourse, or postcoital behavior.
Fivush, Robyn; Habermas, Tilmann; Waters, Theodore E A; Zaman, Widaad
Autobiographical memory is a uniquely human form of memory that integrates individual experiences of self with cultural frames for understanding identities and lives. In this review, we present a theoretical and empirical overview of the sociocultural development of autobiographical memory, detailing the emergence of autobiographical memory during the preschool years and the formation of a life narrative during adolescence. More specifically, we present evidence that individual differences in parental reminiscing style are related to children's developing autobiographical narratives. Parents who structure more elaborated coherent personal narratives with their young children have children who, by the end of the preschool years, provide more detailed and coherent personal narratives, and show a more differentiated and coherent sense of self. Narrative structuring of autobiographical remembering follows a protracted developmental course through adolescence, as individuals develop social cognitive skills for temporal understanding and causal reasoning that allows autobiographical memories to be integrated into an overarching life narrative that defines emerging identity. In addition, adolescents begin to use culturally available canonical biographical forms, life scripts, and master narratives to construct a life story and inform their own autobiographical narrative identity. This process continues to be socially constructed in local interactions; we present exploratory evidence that parents help adolescents structure life narratives during coconstructed reminiscing and that adolescents use parents and families as a source for their own autobiographical content and structure. Ultimately, we argue that autobiography is a critical developmental skill; narrating our personal past connects us to our selves, our families, our communities, and our cultures.
Smallbone, Stephen W; McCabe, Billee-Anne
Written autobiographies of 48 incarcerated adult male sexual offenders (22 rapists, 13 intrafamilial child molesters, and 13 extrafamilial child molesters) were used to generate retrospective self-report measures of their childhood maternal and paternal attachment, childhood sexual abuse experiences, and onset of masturbation. Contrary to expectation, the offenders as a combined group more often reported secure than they did insecure childhood maternal and paternal attachment. There were no differences between the three offender subgroups with respect to maternal attachment; however the rapists and the intrafamilial child molesters were more likely to report insecure paternal attachment than were the extrafamilial child molesters. There were no differences between these offender subgroups in the frequency with which childhood sexual abuse was reported. However, offenders with insecure paternal attachment were more likely to report having been sexually abused than were those with secure paternal attachment. Sexually abused offenders in turn reported earlier onset of masturbation than did those who were not sexually abused. These results are consistent with contemporary attachment models linking insecure childhood attachment to childhood sexual abuse, and with traditional conditioning models linking childhood sexual abuse, early masturbation, and sexual offending.
Beginning in 1933, while working in New Guinea, Margaret Mead developed her so-called squares hypothesis. Mead never published its terms, though she made a brief comment on it in her autobiography, Blackberry Winter (1972), and the arguments found in Sex and Temperament in Three Primitive Societies (1935) and the research leading to Balinese Character (Bateson & Mead, 1942) bore its imprint. Beginning with William McDougall's distinction between temperament (innate predispositions) and character (learned organization of habit), Mead articulated a morphological approach to the interplay between biology and culture that yielded four primary and four intermediary personality types. Under specified but not inevitable circumstances, the conscious choices of a given people could render one or another of these types characteristic or predominantly stable within their population, giving each of the other types a definite relation to the dominant type and thereby the cultural ethos of its society. Persons of each type followed a developmental path specific to their type different both from that of other types and in its manifestations given the various relations of the individual's type to the dominant type. Mead's hypothesis was, therefore, a vision of the unity and diversity of a single human species as well as an approach to the differing psychological positioning of individuals in cultures. In examining Mead's hypothesis, this essay also takes up Mead's debts to several leading psychologists (McDougall, C. G. Jung, and Erik Erikson), and (provisionally) how her vision differed from that of Ruth Benedict.
Adams, Jennifer; Luitel, Bal Chandra; Afonso, Emilia; Taylor, Peter Charles
This forum constitutes a cogenerative inquiry using postcolonial theory drawn from the review paper by Zembylas and Avraamidou. Three teacher educators from African, Asian and Caribbean countries reflect on problems confronting their professional practices and consider the prospects of creating culturally inclusive science education. We learn that in Mozambique, Nepal and the Caribbean scientism patrols the borders of science education serving to exclude local epistemological beliefs and discourses and negating culturally contextualized teaching and learning. Despite the diverse cultural hybridities of these countries, science education is disconnected from the daily lives of the majority of their populations, serving inequitably the academic Western-oriented aspirations of an elite group who are "living hybridity but talking scientism." The discussants explore their autobiographies to reveal core cultural values and beliefs grounded in their non-Western traditions and worldviews but which are in conflict with the Western Modern Worldview (WMW) and thus have no legitimate role in the standard school/college science classroom. They reflect on their hybrid cultural identities and reveal the interplay of multiple selves grounded in both the WMW and non-WMWs and existing in a dialectical tension of managed contradiction in a Third Space. They argue for dialectical logic to illuminate a Third Space wherein students of science education may be empowered to challenge hegemonies of cultural reproduction and examine reflexively their own identities, coming to recognize and reconcile their core cultural beliefs with those of Western modern science, thereby dissipating otherwise strongly delineated cultural borders.
Richard B. Woodbury
Full Text Available There are many sources easily available to those interested in uncovering parts of archaeology's past They range from the factual chronicle (as in Glyn Daniel's A Hundred Years of Archaeology, the personal essay, reminiscing about one's colleagues (as in Gordon R. Willey's Portraits in American Archaeology, the analysis of ideas and theory (as in Bruce G. Trigger's survey of centuries in his A History ofArchaeological Thought or Paul Corbin's Binford-bashing (inter alia in What is Archaeology?, the romp through the deceptions and follies that have committed in archaeologies name (as in Stephen Williams' Fantastic Archaeology and, years ago, Robert Wauchope's Lost Tribes and Sunken Continents, to the landmark publications of archaeology's earlier years (such as Squier and Davis' Ancient Monuments of the Mississippi Valley or John Aubrey's Monumenta Britannica. For a more personal approach (archaeology is done by people, after all, there are a wealth of biographies and autobiographies. A few of my favorites among those who have written about themselves and their work are the books by O.G.S. Crawford, Max Mallowan, Samuel Noah Kramer, J. Eric S. Thompson, and Mortimer Wheeler (what a varied group of people!. There are also many excellent biographies, such as those of Max Uhle by John H. Rowe, Augustus and Alice LePlongeon by Lawrence G. Desmond, and Phyllis M. Messenger, and Pitt Rivers by Mark Bowden, to mention only a few. All of these offer views into archaeology's history that are available in no other way.
Ferrús Antón, Beatriz
Full Text Available During the 16th and 17th centuries the convents were the best space for women’s writing. A Spanish nun, Sor María de Jesús de Ágreda, and a Latin-American nun, Sor Francisca Josefa de la Concepción del Castillo, are two of the most important writers of that time, and they serve like a example to comment the feminine writing in the convent. The autobiography, as a space for self analysis, receives a special attention.Durante los siglos XVI y XVII, los conventos se convirtieron en el espacio privilegiado para la escritura femenina. Una monja española, Sor María de Jesús de Ágreda, y otra latinoamericana Sor Francisca Josefa de la Concepción del Castillo, autoras de textos de referencia para las letras de su tiempo, nos sirven de ejemplo para analizar las claves de la escritura femenina (conventual durante estos siglos. La narración autobiográfica, como espacio de expresividad y autoanálisis femenino recibe aquí una especial atención.
Full Text Available The objective of this article is to show the contribution that the autobiography os the Aymara leader, Luciano Tapia has made to the official Bolivian history and at the same time to expose the foundations of his indianista thought. The characteristics of his thought deal with the recognition of his own culture, the transposition of Andean notions to an urban context, the imbalance of political praxis with the notion of complementarity of theory and praxis, thought as an event, and ethinicity as a process instead of identity. I have done research in the Archives of the Cámara de Diputados in La Paz and I have consulted academic articles on Andean culture and history.
El objetivo de este trabajo es mostrar la aportación de la microhistoria, principalmente a través de la autobiografía del líder político aimara Luciano Tapia, a la historia oficial boliviana y exponer su pensamiento indianista. En éste destacan la revaloración cultural, el replanteamiento de nociones andinas en la urbe, los desajustes entre la práctica política y el principio de complementariedad, el pensar como evento, y la etnicidad en tanto proceso y no como identidad. He consultado los Archivos de la Cámara de Diputados en La Paz y textos académicos sobre la cultura e historia andina.
Full Text Available In 2012, Mary M. Talbot and Bryan Talbot joined the likes of Richard Ellmann, Gordon Bowker and Michael Hastings and in their graphic memoir Dotter of Her Father’s Eyes (2012 offered a new re-telling of James Joyce’s life, focusing, in particular, on the difficult relationship between the great Irish writer, and his daughter Lucia. However, the story of a complicated emotional bond between Joyce and Lucia was only a framework for an autobiographical coming-of age narrative about Mary M. Talbot herself and her violent relationship with James S. Atherton, a celebrated Joycean scholar and her very own “cold mad feary father”. Following Martha C. Nussbaum’s conception about cognitive and narrative structure of emotions postulated in Love’s Knowledge (1990 and Upheavals of Thoughts (2001, this article wishes to argue in favour of an organic connection between the volume’s thematic concerns and its generic affiliation. In other words, it discusses how a specific class of emotions pertaining to Lucia’s gradual mental disintegration can be adequately told only in a specific literary form, i.e. in a transdiegetised “commix”, an (autobiographical account which occupies a threshold space between a comic and a novel, fiction and non-fiction, biography and autobiography, words and pictures.
Full Text Available After Dewey (1933 and Schön (1983, 1987, education scholars began to look further at the concepts of reflection for learning. Following these concepts, there have been plenty of studies on reflection, particularly those discussing teachers’ classroom experiences and their endeavour to develop professional skills. However, educational practitioners in Indonesia (as in the rest of the world often criticise preservice teachers’ (PSTs lack of content knowledge, which they claim should be ‘prioritised’ during a teacher education course. Such pressing situations may have made it difficult to model or experience reflective practice. Against these odds, this research paper addresses issues related to the identity and professional development of thirteen English PSTs during their campus and school-based practicum in an Indonesian university. This study collected empirical data through PSTs’ reflective journals, questionnaires, individual interviews, focus group discussion, and autobiography. The study examines problems encountered by PSTs, namely their motivations to become teachers. This study signifies that teacher education needs to provide more reflective dialogues to shape PSTs’ identity and professionalism.
Belinda Du Plooy
Full Text Available Fiela’s child and Sorg are two female-authored popular Afrikaans novels that entertain as subtext dynamics of female agency in the same region and historical period, namely the Little Karoo of the late 19th century. The two novels present a pertinent counter-discursive paradigm to the more mainstream master narrative representations of women of the time. The novels were written and published during the late-apartheid and early post-apartheid years, 1985 and 2006, respectively, and as a result of these dynamics of production, they also engage with the socio-politics of this time, maybe even more so than with the British imperial colonialist period in which the novels are set. As such, both novels step into the discursive streams that flow in and around the trauma work that is associated with South Africa’s contemporary engagement with its colonial and apartheid legacies and heritage. Both texts also contribute to the creation and popularisation of new national master narratives. It is then in this context that these texts can be seen as participating in the multivocal discursive project of new identity construction, specifically identity construction through the writing of a new heterogeneous national autobiography.
Full Text Available In assenza di Isoke Aikpitany, che non aveva potuto raggiungere Milano, Giuliana Nuvoli narra la sua storia e presenta il suo libro: Le ragazze di Benin- City. È un testo in cui si fondono più generi letterari: romanzo, autobiografia, confessione, documentario, testimonianza. E nel quale la protagonista/narratrice compie un percorso di formazione che la porta a una visione complessa del fenomeno della tratta delle ragazze nigeriane e alla necessità della denuncia.Un libro anomalo, diviso tra passato remoto, passato prossimo, presente, in cui la parola è sangue e carne; in cui il dolore e la rabbia si stemperano, nel finale, in accenti di speranza. Isoke: “now finally i am whole. and free” Unable to come to Milan, Giuliana Nuvoli tells Isoke Aikpitany’s story and presents her book: The girls of Benin-City. It is a text that blends multiple genres: part novel, part autobiography, part confession, part documentary, part testimonial.The protagonist/narrator completes a training course that leads to a complex vision of the phenomenon of trafficking in Nigerian women and the need for outcry.A strange book, divided between the distant past, the recent past, the present, where the word is flesh and blood. Pain and anger dissolve in the end, into a shimmer of hope.
Full Text Available Chemins de traverse d’Ignacio Martínez de Pisón se présente comme la pseudo autobiographie d’un adolescent, Felipe, qui, à la mort de sa mère, est condamné à vivre avec un père marginal. Le texte est aussi la conversion d’un récit de type picaresque en un roman qui débouche sur la découverte mutuelle d’un père et d’un fils. L’errance des deux personnages, chemin de fuite destiné à compenser la disparition de Cecilia, conduit à une sorte d’assomption de l’amour.Caminos secundarios, de Ignacio Martínez de Pisón, se presenta como la supuesta autobiografía de un adolescente, Felipe, quien, a la muerte de su madre, se ve forzado a vivir con un padre marginal. El texto es también la evolución de una narración de carácter picaresco hacia una novela que desemboca en el descubrimiento mutuo entre padre e hijo. El vagabundeo de ambos personajes, escape y consuelo por la desaparición de Cecilia, lleva a una forma de exaltación amorosa.
Full Text Available L’auteur analyse le rapport entre le scénario du Casanova de Federico Fellini, écrit par le réalisateur en collaboration avec Zapponi, et l’Histoire de ma vie, l’autobiographie de Giacomo Casanova. La sélection des épisodes ainsi que les choix narratologiques opérées par les scénaristes montrent que le film vise, à travers un bouleversement parodique du texte original, à une démolition progressive du « mythe » du séducteur et de l’homme de lettre. Cette mécanisme déformant – qui trouve des correspondances dans les éléments propre au langage filmique – touche à son apogée dans la représentation caricaturale du rituel amoureux, jusqu’à la réduction de Casanova à un homme-machine : prodigieux athlète du sexe mais amant et intellectuel frustré.