Graham, Robert J.
Explores the ontological status of autobiography as a literary genre. Defines the limits of what can be considered autobiography. Explores the ways in which autobiographies deal with history and consciousness, and addresses the relationship between autobiography and biography, fiction, and psychoanalysis. (DMM)
This is Yukawa's autobiography of his early years, written in Japanese when he was fifty years old. It describes his family background and the education and experience, both social and intellectual, that helped to form his character and direct his career. Especially valuable to the historian of science are his discussions of scientific relationships with his colleague Sin-Itiro Tomonaga, with his teacher Yoshio Nishina, and with his students (who later became his collaborators): Sakata, Taketani, and Kobayashi. The Story ends with the writing of his first scientific paper in English, being the
Abstract: The purpose of this article is to broaden the tradition of autobiography by using it as a way in which teachers can identify sources of inspiration in their educational experience. In the process, my aim is to make explicit the links between autobiography, learning and meta learning. Extending autobiographical inquiry to include different levels at which learning takes place serves to highlight the importance not only of the individual context of learning (the private self), but als...
Prescott, Edward C.
I was born on December 26, 1940, in Glens Falls, New York, to Mathilde Helwig Prescott and William Clyde Prescott. My mother's parents were German immigrants. My mother was forced to drop out of high school at age 16 to care for her younger brother and sister after the death of their mother. Later, she managed to complete high school, and with the help of a family friend (whose name I wish I could remember) she continued with school and became a librarian. My mother's ambition and fortitude, ...
Alvin E. Roth
I was born on December 18, 1951 in the New York City borough of Queens. My parents, Ernest and Lillian, were both public high school teachers of a subject that is probably no longer taught, called Secretarial Studies, which focused on typing and taking dictation via two methods of shorthand stenography, Pitman and Gregg. Their students were young women planning to go directly to work as secretaries after high school.
Full Text Available Abstract: The purpose of this article is to broaden the tradition of autobiography by using it as a way in which teachers can identify sources of inspiration in their educational experience. In the process, my aim is to make explicit the links between autobiography, learning and meta learning. Extending autobiographical inquiry to include different levels at which learning takes place serves to highlight the importance not only of the individual context of learning (the private self, but also the possibility of learning and constructing meaning from autobiography in dialogue with others. This article identifies four levels of learning-how-to-learn from autobiography. These levels are: 1. learning from autobiographical writing; 2. learning through intergenerational dialogues; 3. developmental learning through the career stages; and 4. whole group co-constructive learning. My ultimate goal is two fold. Firstly, to use these levels of learning to identify operational definitions of inspiration based on significant events and experiences in teacher’s personal stories. Secondly to identify a meta research orientation for linking autobiography with learning and meta-learning.
First-person narratives may have advantages as adjuncts in psychotherapy. They provide an inside view of mental disorders expressed in the person's own words, emphasize issues that the person deems important, are interesting to read with strong story lines, are less didactic than self-help books, and offer identification with a protagonist. Recent trends in published autobiographies are described. There has been an increase in the number of published autobiographies describing mood disorder relative to schizophrenia, of psychotherapists going public with personal experiences of mental disorder, and of books expressing a positive view of treatment. The article includes case vignettes and a practitioner-recommended list of autobiographies on addictive disorders, death and grieving, and mood disorders. PMID:12552628
Autobiographies are typically included along with self-help books on resource lists for mental health clients. Although first-person narratives may have advantages of reader identification with the protagonist, little research has been done on this issue. One problem is that book categories overlap, e.g., some novels are autobiographical, and some…
Scheuer, Nora; Pozo, Juan Ignacio; Neira, Silvina; Cruz, Montserrat de la
Learning conceptions may be studied as specific implicit theories based on theory of mind. Previous studies suggest that a developmental shift from a direct implicit theory of learning to an interpretative one occurs during childhood. Here we explore the development of children’s autobiographies of learning to write by adopting this framework.
Farrington, Holly Ellen Baverstock
Jazz autobiography is an area largely unexplored in current academic discourse: a scattering of articles and chapters in textbooks on jazz or African-American autobiography is all we have. Yet jazz and the literature of jazz, whether fiction, biography or autobiography, play a crucial role in American twentieth-century culture. Historically, the roots of jazz and of African- American music-making and performance culture are vitally important to American studies. This thesis draws together tex...
The pervasive influence of the Oedipus complex on world culture is a given, yet throughout the long history of motion pictures only one major filmmaker has tackled the literary source that inspired Freud. The film, Edipo Re, directed by Italian poet, novelist, and social and political activist Pier Paolo Pasolini, not only reconstructs the myth and adapts Sophocles' tragedy, but uses both as a basis of cinematic autobiography. This paper is a detailed analysis of the formal, stylistic, and thematic dimensions of this film, illustrating the complex manner in which Pasolini interweaves myth, play, and autobiography into a unique cinematic achievement. This analysis is followed by speculations on the implications of the film's structure and techniques and on what they reveal about Pasolini's character, his sexual profile, and the ignominious murder that ended his life. PMID:23865995
Ginzburg, Vitaly L
This book presents the Nobel Laureate Vitaly Ginzburg's views on the development in the field of superconductivity. It contains a selection of Ginzburg's key writings, including his amended version of the Nobel lecture in Physics 2003. Also included are an expanded autobiography, which was written for the Nobel Committee, an article entitled "A Scientific Autobiography: An Attempt," a fundamental article co-written with L.D. Landau entitled "To the theory of superconductivity," an expanded review article "Superconductivity and superfluidity (what was done and what was not done)," and some newly written short articles about superconductivity and related subjects. So, in toto, presented here are the personal contributions of Ginzburg, that resulted in the Nobel Prize, in the context of his scientific biography.
This book presents the Nobel Laureate Vitaly Ginzburg's views on the development in the field of superconductivity. It contains a selection of Ginzburg's key writings, including his amended version of the Nobel lecture in Physics 2003. Also included are an expanded autobiography, which was written for the Nobel Committee, an article entitled ''A Scientific Autobiography: An Attempt,'' a fundamental article co-written with L.D. Landau entitled ''To the theory of superconductivity,'' an expanded review article ''Superconductivity and superfluidity (what was done and what was not done),'' and some newly written short articles about superconductivity and related subjects. So, in toto, presented here are the personal contributions of Ginzburg, that resulted in the Nobel Prize, in the context of his scientific biography. (orig.)
Schwartz, Henry P
Georges Perec's book La Boutique Obscure (1973; translated into English in 2012) serves as the basis for this paper. The book is a collection of dreams that its author dreamed from May 1968 to August 1972. The present author treats these dreams as chapters in a bizarre autobiography, elaborating Perec's life through a discussion of those dreams and using them as a starting point with which to discuss his views of dream interpretation and the role of dreams in psychoanalysis. PMID:26784719
The main body of this book contains the hitherto unpublished autobiographies of both William Lawrence Bragg, an innovative scientist who won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1915, and his wife, Alice, a Mayor of Cambridge and National Chairman of Marriage Guidance. Their autobiographies give unusual insights into the lives and times of two distinguished people and the real personalities behind their public appearance.
Nikola Tesla has been called the most important man of the twentieth century. Certainly he contributed more to the field of electricity, radio, and television than any other person living or dead. Ultimately he died alone and impoverished having driven all of his friends away through his neurotic and eccentric behavior. Tesla was never able to fit into the world that he found himself in. This autobiography, originally serialized in Electrical Experimenter, is an intensely fascinating glimpse into the mind of a genius, his inventions, and the magical world in which he lived.
I argue for a perfectionist reading of Mill's account of the good life, by using the failures of development recorded in his Autobiography as a way to understand his official account of happiness in Utilitarianism. This work offers both a new perspective on Mill's thought, and a distinctive account of the role of aesthetic and emotional capacities in the most choiceworthy human life. I consider the philosophical purposes of autobiography, Mill's disagreements with Bentham, and the nature of c...
This review article examines Leonard Waks's innovative collection of essays entitled "Self-Portraiture: The Uses of Academic Autobiography: Review of Leaders in Philosophy of Education: Intellectual Self-Portraits." The book is based on invitations to leading philosophers of education to write about their own careers in the field and to offer an…
Byars, James Lee; Eleey, Peter
"I see my autobiography as an arbitrary segment of so many pages of time, of things that I have paid attention to at this point in my life," wrote James Lee Byars (1932-1997) in 1969. He was then 37, about half the average male lifespan at the time, and accordingly thought it appropriate to write his "1/2 autobiography." Byars' art ranged from highly refined objects to extremely minimal performance and events, and books, ephemera and correspondence that he distributed widely among friends and colleagues. Today, more than 15 years after his death, assessments of his art must negotiate Byars' performance of his charismatic self in his life and art. For his first major posthumous survey in the US, exhibition curators Magalí Arriola and Peter Eleey decided to produce a catalogue in two "halves," playing on his "1/2 autobiography": a catalogue of the exhibition itself, including new scholarship, and a sourcebook of primary documents. 1/2 an Autobiography, Sourcebook constitutes the latter volume--a reference guid...
Latterell, Carmen M.; Wilson, Janelle L.
This paper analyzes 16 preservice secondary mathematics education majors' mathematical autobiographies. Participants wrote about their previous experiences with mathematics. All participants discussed why they wanted to become mathematics teachers with the key factors being past experience with mathematics teachers, previous success in mathematics…
Carey, C. L.
The following paper undertakes an iconographic analysis of Robert Rauschenberg's large scale print, Autobiography (1967). The artist's interest in astronomy and astrology, visual metaphors aligning the body with the cosmos, and the cartographic representation of self are discussed. Autobiography is placed in cultural and historical context with other works by the artist, elaborated as a personal narrative-an alternative to traditional self portraiture.
Fox, Stephen L.
Despite the stereotype of today's undergraduates as having an inadequate literacy level, a teacher of English at a large midwestern university was surprised to find that students' literacy autobiographies reflect what might be called a conventional literacy success story, one that represents a strain of American autobiography dating back to…
The ways contemporary American journalists view themselves and order their experiences in their autobiographies stem from the reporter-as-celebrity phenomenon. As a result of this phenomenon, many journalists are writing their autobiographies when they are fairly young, and creating larger-than-life personas of themselves, which tends to emphasize…
Pujolràs i Noguer, Esther
An African (Auto)biography: Ama Ata Aidoo's Literary Quest és un estudi exhaustiu del que considero que configura la primera fase de l'obra d'Ama Ata Aidoo, escriptora ghanesa. El text que marca la primera fase del desenvolupament i consolidació de la veu d'Aidoo és Our Sister Killjoy or Reflections from a Black-eyed Squint, un text inclassificable genèricament i una presència indiscutible en la literatura africana anglòfona. La tasca d'escriure que envolta a escriptors/es es defineix per un...
Durán Narváez Norma Constanza; Lastra Ramírez Sandra Patricia; Morales Vasco Adriana María
Autobiographies depict with words life stories, personal experiences, and perceptions that allow researchers to deeply understand the way people see life, reflect, and construct meaning out of experiences. This article aims at describing the contributions of autobiographies as valuable resources in qualitative research when exploring people’s beliefs, personal knowledge, and changes as a result of experience and learning. This is all based on a research project carried out at a Colombian publ...
Freud was occupied with the question of truth and its verification throughout his work. He looked to archaeology for an evidence model to support his ideas on reconstruction. He also referred to literature regarding truth in reconstruction, where he saw shifts between historical fact and invention, and detected such swings in his own case histories. In his late work Freud pondered over the impossibility of truth in reconstruction by juxtaposing truth with 'probability'. Developments on the role of fantasy and myth in reconstruction and contemporary debates over objectivity have increasingly highlighted the question of 'truth' in psychoanalysis. I will argue that 'authenticity' is a helpful concept in furthering the discussion over truth in reconstruction. Authenticity denotes that which is genuine, trustworthy and emotionally accurate in a reconstruction, as observed within the immediacy of the analyst/patient interaction. As authenticity signifies genuineness in a contemporary context its origins are verifiable through the analyst's own observations of the analytic process itself. Therefore, authenticity is about the likelihood and approximation of historical truth rather than its certainty. In that respect it links with Freud's musings over 'probability'. Developments on writing 'truths' in autobiography mirror those in reconstruction, and lend corroborative support from another source. PMID:22212034
Full Text Available Madam Colette was perhaps the most controversial female writer of French literature. During her most productive years as a novelist Colette has written extensively on the themes of childhood, love, marital life. Passionate and tumultuous, her writings were largely based on her own experiences of three successive marriages. Colette attempted to find answers to the troubled life by observing the simplest of things; a spider on its web, one pussy stretching out in the lawn, perfumes of the summer wind, the first rays of the sun which she describes in a subtle and sensual way. The presence of autobiography and fiction in hers novels where 'I' and the 'she' of her successive heroines became the 'me' of Colette, expresses her freedom of existence and to define her own aesthetics. The novelist as such has succeeded in maintaining the critical uncertainty around her work. But this ambiguity may contain valuable information on the genesis, development, and training of her writing. Colette admits to the autobiographical nature of her works and acknowledges presenting fragments of her love life. Conventionally colettienne works are distinguished into two important genres; the novels written in the first person and when the author distances herself from her heroines and also blurs the boundaries between her imaginations and her collections of memories.
A discussion of the black autobiography as a unique literary genre, highlighting Gwen Brooks'"Report From Part One," as indicative of such an autobiography which goes beyond customary literary traditions in its conception of the artist as an activist. (EH)
McCulloch, Allison W.; Marshall, Patricia L.; DeCuir-Gunby, Jessica T.; Caldwell, Ticola S.
Mathematics autobiographies have the potential to help teachers reflect on their identities as mathematics learners and to understand their role in the development of their students' mathematics identities. This paper reports on a professional development project for K-2 teachers (n = 41), in which participants were asked to write mathematics…
Lindner, Rachel; Méndez Garcia, Maria del Carmen
Positioned against the background of the Council of Europe's interest in developing intercultural competence through education, the study presented in this paper investigates the impact on intercultural visual literacy of the Council of Europe's "Images of Others--An Autobiography of Intercultural Encounters through Visual…
Stephenson, Carol; Stirling, John; Wray, David
This article critically evaluates the attempt of the authors to develop a sociological imagination within first-year undergraduate students studying the discipline of sociology at a British university. Through a sociological analysis of biography and autobiography (of both teachers and students), we attempted to create a quality of mind that would…
Autobiography presently occupies a beleaguered place in education, not unlike teachers, whose lives have been diminished through the current emphasis on testing outcomes. This paper uses WG Sebald's writings as a place from which to relook at the relationship between writing and a life lived. Sebald was a German writer born in the shadow of WWII…
In this autobiography, Sir Peter Mansfield describes his life from his early childhood in war time London to his research in nuclear magnetic resonance and the development of magnetic resonance imaging. For his discoveries in MRI, Sir Peter was awarded the 2003 Nobel Prize for Medicine, shared with Paul Lauterbur.
Hunter, Karla M.
Courses: Argumentation, Public Speaking, Political Communication. Objectives: After completing this unit activity, students should be able to (1) demonstrate comprehension of Burke's (1941) concept of terministic screens; (2) apply the concept of terministic screens to write a brief political autobiography of themselves that analyzes the history…
Davis, Nancy T.
This study presents an argument for valuing subjective, reflective knowledge based on Habermas' category of cognitive interest of emancipatory knowing. Using the teachers' autobiographies and action research as data sources, the process of personal empowerment is explored. A model of change derived from analysis of teachers' writings is proposed that includes disturbance, alternatives, confidence and action.
Rock autobiographies have become increasingly popular since the 1990s. This article analyzes 31 mainstream rock autobiographies describing a wide variety of legal and illegal substances used and reckless behavior. Narrative analysis shows that books concentrate on recovering from addiction. The majority of writers have participated in some kind of treatment. Rock autobiographies use therapeutic vocabulary and borrow discursive elements from culturally familiar Alcoholics Anonymous texts recounting recovery stories. The analysis shows that drugs and alcohol are not associated with rebellion and authenticity as they once were in rock music. Surviving addiction has become a key theme of rock culture. PMID:22217068
The author of the dissertation analyses the work of a contemporary French writer Annie Ernaux at the core of which lie the autobiographical narrative and search for identity. This dissertation takes as its stating point the theoretical views articulated by Philippe Lejeune. However, in analysing Annie Ernaux, the author of the dissertation seeks to reveal modifications and divergencies from the canon of the autobiography and sets the author‘s work against the most widely known autobiograph...
This paper accompanies a multiple projection moving-image. It examines the subversive representations of unfixed queer identity in DIY (do-it-yourself) autobiography and self-portrait. In the fictional telling of a fairy who leaves home to find others like herself, the narrative references journey myths from popular culture, religion, literature, and theatre. A post-modern pastiche that plays between reality and fantasy, the artist uses herself as subject and her body as object to represent t...
Shakhova E. M.
Full Text Available This article presents an empirical research of gender identity of men and women reflected in autobiographical texts. Personality is viewed by the author through the interaction in different existential spaces. This interaction happens under the influence of significant people. Self-attitude and attitudes towards the surrounding world are reflected in a person’s autobiographical memories. Autobiography is considered in the given article as one of the mechanisms of establishing personal identity. Gender identity is seen through contents of memories of attitudes towards parents, towards members of the opposite sex and towards other characters in the person’s autobiography. Such areas of gender identity as attitudes towards parents and their image in memories, as well as attitudes towards members of the opposite sex and self-attitude as being the member of the definite sex, are dealt with. The article describes and analyzes the text evaluation criteria, which are related to gender identity, such as character frequency in the text of autobiography, comprehensiveness and complexity of character description, character role in the described events, and type of the author’s attitudes towards other characters. Based on the interpretation of the results, the structural and content properties of autobiographical texts of men and women are specified; the peculiarities of the respondents’ attitudes towards the members of different sexes are analyzed; the possible mechanisms of establishing gender identity of men and women are described. The author has found the row of peculiarities reflecting the mechanisms of a person’s gender identity
Full Text Available This 2003 essay, entitled “Latino Autobiography, the Aesthetic, and Political Criticism: The Case of Hunger of Memory,” was previously published in Nor Shall Diamond Die: American Studies in Honour of Javier Coy, edited by Carme Manuel and Paul Scott Derrick (Valencia: Biblioteca Javier Coy d’estudis nord-americans, Universitat de València. In a fierce defense of the aesthetic properties of the ethnic autobiography, Isabel Durán, “as an outsider” to the politics of “Chicano” critics working in the US (“I am Spanish, and live in Spain”, argues that certain politicized critical approaches to ethnic autobiography inside the US have insisted on an identity politics that reads ethnic or minority writing as “good” if and only if it is “obedient” to the critic’s political ideology, regardless of its aesthetic value as art. Proposing a “renewed theory of the aesthetic,” Durán offers a strong refutation of Ramón Saldívar’s critical assessment of Richard Rodriguez’s Hunger of Memory, while simultaneously demonstrating how a transnational American Studies produces very different intellectual concerns.
Full Text Available The life of the Florentine writer Ida Baccini (1850-1911 offers many insights in the history of gender, education and women’s autobiography. She was one of the first Italian who managed to live with her work as a writer, not discouraging even in two exceptional circumstances in the socio-cultural context of the second half of XIX century Italy: the annulment of her marriage to the sculptor Vincenzo Cerri and the birth of an illegitimate child. Ida had the courage to walk alone in the difficult world of publishing and journalism in Italy, a world traditionally male-dominated, and to tell her adventures in an autobiography that testifies her extraordinarystrength of character. Published in 1904, the book My life: autobiographical memories is one of the first Italian women’s autobiographies written according to standards that still now define this genre. This is an essential book if we want to investigate the beginning of the use of female writing as a claim both of identity, and moral and intellectual authority. Received: 27/05/2013 / Accepted: 20/06/2013 How to reference this article Cantatore, L. (2014. «Un’identità femminile moderna». L’autobiografia di Ida Baccini. Espacio, Tiempo y Educación, 1(1, pp. 31-54. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.14516/ete.2014.001.001.002
Full Text Available On commencera par relever la richesse vernaculaire de la voix de Miss Jane et la densité folklorique de l’écriture de Gaines qui décrit ainsi son projet : « a folk autobiography ». Une autobiographie « folklorique » ? Certes, le rythme, la grammaire de l’anglais oral noir américain jalonnent ce récit qui se place lui-même dans son prologue sous le signe stylistique des conversations informelles sur les marches d’un perron de Louisiane, ces « porch talk » dont Gaines répète s’être inspiré.Cependant, l’analyse confinerait à la couleur locale si la « folk autobiography » n’était pas lue comme autobiographie fictive d’un peuple et d’une stratégie de survie : Miss Jane incarne aussi la dimension fonctionnelle du parler vernaculaire dont la théorie de signifyin(g a montré les enjeux vitaux. La jeune Jane, tout juste libérée de son nom d’esclave, possède déjà les « armes » verbales pour attaquer une société vacillante. Elle parvient à « éliminer » un adversaire des plus symboliques, le contremaître noir, en le réduisant à néant dans une réplique emblématique du pouvoir du signifyin(g (« You ain’t nothing but Nothing » p. 11. La veille femme, sage mais non résignée, devient trickster à la fin du récit. Dans une évocation performative (on notera le jeu des « to stand », « to march » p. 257, elle fait plus que « raconter » son histoire et parvient à « créer » l’Histoire en guidant et modifiant le destin de toute une communauté.On suggérera encore que cette « folk autobiography », autobiographie d’un peuple ou d’une culture, ne se laisse pas réduire à la seule communauté noire. Le récit est ancré dans la culture de la Louisiane, une culture complexe où maîtres blancs et esclaves puis métayers noirs traversent des tragédies communes, et écrivent ensemble leur Histoire commune dans une langue vernaculaire qu’ils partagent aussi
Martin Moruno, Dolorès
This article explores André Marie Ampère's autobiography in order to analyse the dynamics of science in early 19th century French institutions. According to recent works that have emphasised the value of biographies in the history of science, this study examines Ampère's public self-representation to show the cultural transformations of a life dedicated to science in post-revolutionary French society. With this aim, I have interpreted this manuscript as an outstanding example of the scientiﬁc...
Christine A. James
Full Text Available This paper addresses the project of philosophical autobiography, using two different perspectives. On the one hand, the societal, economic, and family contexts of William James are addressed, and connected a modern academic context of business ethics research, marketing and purchasing decision making, and the continuing financial crisis. The concepts of “stream of consciousness” and “acting as-if” are connected to recent literature on William James. On the other hand, the significance of family context, and the possible connection between the William James family and the author, is addressed through shared family narratives interspersed throughout the paper.
Petree, Sandra Ailey
For visitors to the Martin's Cove historic site in Wyoming, Patience Loader has become an icon of the disastrous winter entrapment of the Martin and Willie handcart companies. Her record of those events is important, but there is much else of interest in her autobiography. In fact, it is a bit unusual that someone such as her would have left such an engaging record of her life. The daughter of an English gardener, Patience Loader became a boarding house servant, domestic maid, and seamstress...
Franklin is an earliest writer in American history and he is the most important writers during American colonial period. The most important works of him are Poor Richard's Almanac and his Autobiography. His works have a tremendous impact on American literature later. What more important is that in his Autobiography he wrote out American dream, the spirit of business and good qualities, and some others. Franklin explained that everyone can get rich by hard work and thrift, and he called on people to come to America to make money. The American dream then became an important theme in American literature. It occurred in many works of many writers in his later time. Since Franklin was such a successful person in many areas, world-renowned inventor, writer, diplomat and one of the leaders of the American war of independence, he brought a tremendous im⁃pact on American society. And because of his success, many Americans later took him as an example and his works were popular and read widely. Both Franklin and his works affected American society deeply.
Mary Beth Altier
Full Text Available Despite the growth of terrorism literature in the aftermath of the 9/11 attacks, there remain several methodological challenges to studying certain aspects of terrorism. This is perhaps most evident in attempts to uncover the attitudes, motivations, and intentions of individuals engaged in violent extremism and how they are sometimes expressed in problematic behavior. Such challenges invariably stem from the fact that terrorists and the organizations to which they belong represent clandestine populations engaged in illegal activity. Unsurprisingly, these qualities make it difficult for the researcher to identify and locate willing subjects of study—let alone a representative sample. In this research note, we suggest the systematic analysis of terrorist autobiographies offers a promising means of investigating difficult-to-study areas of terrorism-related phenomena. Investigation of autobiographical accounts not only offers additional data points for the study of individual psychological issues, but also provides valuable perspectives on the internal structures, processes, and dynamics of terrorist organizations more broadly. Moreover, given most autobiographies cover critical events and personal experiences across the life course, they provide a unique lens into how terrorists perceive their world and insight into their decision-making processes. We support our advocacy of this approach by highlighting its methodological strengths and shortcomings.
States that autobiographies such as Patricia Hampl's may be the best source of information for revealing the effects of the Cold War on the American psyche. Maintains that such works may help counteract the narrow and naive view of superpower relations youth gain from such movies as "Rocky" and "Rambo." (JDH)
Zeytounian, Radyadour Kh
Rationality - as opposed to 'ad-hoc' - and asymptotics - to emphasize the fact that perturbative methods are at the core of the theory - are the two main concepts associated with the Rational Asymptotic Modeling (RAM) approach in fluid dynamics when the goal is to specifically provide useful models accessible to numerical simulation via high-speed computing. This approach has contributed to a fresh understanding of Newtonian fluid flow problems and has opened up new avenues for tackling real fluid flow phenomena, which are known to lead to very difficult mathematical and numerical problems irrespective of turbulence. With the present scientific autobiography the author guides the reader through his somewhat non-traditional career; first discovering fluid mechanics, and then devoting more than fifty years to intense work in the field. Using both personal and general historical contexts, this account will be of benefit to anyone interested in the early and contemporary developments of an important branch of the...
Durán Narváez Norma Constanza
Full Text Available Autobiographies depict with words life stories, personal experiences, and perceptions that allow researchers to deeply understand the way people see life, reflect, and construct meaning out of experiences. This article aims at describing the contributions of autobiographies as valuable resources in qualitative research when exploring people’s beliefs, personal knowledge, and changes as a result of experience and learning. This is all based on a research project carried out at a Colombian public university, where students from the undergraduate English teaching program wrote their language learning stories which were used as an instrument to garner data. The project also aims at demonstrating how these narratives exhibit human activity and diverse events that may have a significant effect on the epistemologies and methodologies of teacher education.Las autobiografías perfilan con palabras las historias de vida, experiencias personales y percepciones que brindan a los investigadores una profunda comprensión de la manera como las personas ven la vida, reflexionan y construyen significado a partir de esas experiencias. Este artículo tiene como objetivo describir las contribuciones de las autobiografías como recursos valiosos en la investigación cualitativa por cuanto son un medio para explorar las creencias, el conocimiento personal y los cambios en los individuos como resultado de la experiencia y el aprendizaje. El presente trabajo se basa en una investigación realizada en una universidad pública colombiana, en la que estudiantes de la Licenciatura en Inglés narraron sus historias sobre el aprendizaje de la lengua; narraciones que fueron usadas como instrumentos para la recolección de información. Adicionalmente, se busca demostrar cómo dichas narrativas describen la actividad humana y diversos eventos que pudiesen tener un efecto significativo en la construcción epistemológica y metodológica en la formación de docentes.
Owens, M. A.
Climate literacy is evolving as a specific subset of science and environmental literacy. Through a longitudinal analysis of environmental autobiographies of an internationally and religiously diverse group of environmental sciences majors at a Historically Black College or University (HBCU) in the southern U.S., this presentation will explore: 1) sources and impact of religious beliefs on students' environmental worldview; 2) conflicts between religious, community and scientific values; and 3) navigating the tensions between trust in a religious deity as well as scientific methods and processes. Lester Milbrath states that "beliefs empower and deceive us." The media, as well as significant people and institutions, including religious institutions, socialize us and contribute to individual and societal worldviews. "We so thoroughly accept our culture's beliefs about how the world works that we hardly ever think about them even though they underlie everything we think and do." Beliefs, attitudes, and values comprise an important component of environmental literacy, a praxis-oriented concept from the field of environmental education, which is defined as: [T]he capacity to perceive and interpret the relative health of environmental systems and take appropriate action to maintain, restore, or improve the health of those systems . . . Environmental literacy should be defined in terms of observable behaviors. (Disinger and Roth 1992, 2). Environmental literacy draws upon six areas: environmental sensitivity; knowledge; skills; beliefs, attitudes and values; personal investment and responsibility; and active involvement. It involves particular ways of thinking, acting, and valuing (Roth 1992). Religious beliefs, or lack thereof, shape worldviews, thereby influencing individual and societal environmental and more specifically, climate literacy. For example, Western Christianity espouses a hierarchical anthropocentric worldview, putting God infinitely above human beings, and
Khalatnikov, Isaak M
The book is an expanded autobiography of the famous theoretical physicist Isaak Khalatnikov. He worked together with L.D. Landau at the Institute for Physical Problems lead by P.L. Kapitza. He is the co-author of L.D. Landau in a number of important works. They worked together in the frame of the so-called Nuclear Bomb Project. After the death of L.D. Landau, I.M. Khalatnikov initiated the establishment of the Institute for Theoretical Physics, named in honour of L.D. Landau, within the USSR Academy of Sciences. He headed this institute from the beginning as its Director. The institute inherited almost all traditions of the Landau scientific school and played a prominent role in the development of theoretical physics. So, this is a story about how the institute was created, how it worked, and about the life of the physicists in the "golden age" of the Soviet science. A separate chapter is devoted to today´s life of the institute and the young generation of physicists working now in science. It is an historic...
Full Text Available The paper investigates the question of self-translation in the work of Alexander Lenard (Lénárd Sándor. Lenard, a polyglot writer and translator, rewrote his autobiography three times, in three different languages (in German, English, and Hungarian. This process of self-translation created a fascinating web of autobiographical texts, which invite a multiscopic reading. Following in the footsteps of 18th century parodists, Lenard challenges a great number of protocols associated with life-writing. The most important among these is the authority of the proper name as a guarantee of autobiographical authenticity. To challenge the authority of the proper name Lenard purposely multiplies his own authorial identities, for example by claiming that “A. L. is only a pseudonym.” Thus, the word ‘self-plagiarism’ acquires in Lenard’s case a double meaning, implying both that the author plagiarizes his own text and that he plagiarizes his own self. The paper explains why existing theories of self-translation cannot be applied to Lenard’s texts, and why his unique case can enrich future studies of this topic.
Full Text Available Caribbean literature exposes a history of dispossession, exploitation and oppression which has been neglected and often deliberately misinterpreted. In this article the destructive effects of colonization and slavery in Jamaica Kincaid's 1996 novel The Autobiography of My Mother are scrutinized thoroughly. The main objective of this research is to examine Kincaid's novel within the framework of postcolonial studies, in the light of Albert Memmi (2013 and Frantz Fanon's (2008 theories on the psychology of colonialism. Frantz Fanon argues that colonialism had brought together two opposing social orders doomed to coexist in everlasting tension; the colonizer's and the colonized's; these tensions cause the moral and spiritual deformity of an ideological system based on racism, oppression, and exploitation. In contrast to Fanon, Kincaid regards resistance and liberation in a quite different perspective. Instead of attempting to build a "new woman", Xuela refuses to accept the colonizer's views of those like her that lead to self-destruction and self-hatred. Instead, in order to survive, she confidently chooses self-love, albeit an almost grotesque and obsessive one. Kincaid uses Xuela's relationships with various characters to categorize the social types that Fanon describes in his writings—from Philip and his wife Moira as examples of the deformation of behavior caused by colonial social hierarchies to using mask as a metaphor for her manipulative father's mimicry of the oppressors. This research finds out that colonization and slavery have negative impact on both the colonizer and the colonized.
Full Text Available Die literarischen Genres Tagebuch, Essay und Autobiographie stehen zwischen Fakt und Fiktion und spiegeln eine spezifische Art der Relation von Erfahrung und Schreiben wider. Die Frage, inwieweit die Strategien, mit denen Authentizität sowohl in den erwähnten Genres als auch im Film und Musik als Darstellungseffekt erzielt wird, genderspezifisch sind, soll im Zentrum dieses interdisziplinär angelegten Sammelbandes stehen. In den im Band versammelten fünfzehn Beiträge wird untersucht, wie in den jeweiligen Gattungen die Wechselbeziehung zwischen Fakt und Fiktion die Rezeption der Leserin bzw. des Lesers und damit die Wahrnehmung – hier als soziale und individuelle Praxis verstanden – der dargestellten Realität mit strukturiert. Nur aus einzelnen Beiträgen ergibt sich dabei ein neuer methodischer Zugang zu Problemen der Autobiographik.The journal, essay, and autobiography are literary genres that each straddle fact and fiction and reflect a specific type of relationship between experience and writing. The interdisciplinary collected volume is centrally concerned with the question as to the gender specificity of strategies with which authenticity is achieved as an effect of representation in the afore mentioned genres as well as in film and in music. The authors of the fifteen contributions collected in this volume examine how, in each genre, the interrelation between fact and fiction helps to structure the reader’s reception and thus also perception – understood here as social and individual praxis – of the depicted reality. Only a few of the contributions offer up a new methodological approach to the problem of autobiography.
Constantinesco, Thomas; Derail, Agnès
Although Henry James always maintained that “it is art that makes life,” he did start writing his autobiography in the last years of his life, telling the story of his calling as a writer under cover of paying tribute to his brother William’s genius. The tension between self and other is at the core of James’s autobiographical project, which consists paradoxically in looking for oneself the better to lose oneself. A Small Boy and Others thus repeats and compounds the small boy’s experience of...
Traise Yamamoto, a professor of English and a scholar of biographical studies, made the following remark in her book "Masking Selves, Making Subjects" (1999). She wrote, "Nisei (second-generation Japanese American) women's autobiographies are frustratingly un-autobiographical" (103). Yamamoto, who is a Japanese-American woman herself, saw the lack…
Hubbard, Philip G.
This autobiography recounts the life story of an African American educator at the University of Iowa from 1965 to 1991, as its first African American professor and then as its first African American administrator. The book recounts his childhood and family relations, his student years at the university and his graduation as an electrical engineer,…
Teperi, S. (Sanna)
This pro gradu thesis studies the characteristics of swear words and their translation. The material under analysis is drawn from Stephen Fry’s autobiography Moab is my Washpot and its Finnish translation Koppava kloppi by Titia Schuurman. The research is divided into two parts. The first part of the work concentrates on analysing the reasons for omitting so many swear words from the Finnish version. The second part of the research takes a closer look at how the unusual English swearing, whic...
Accounts of the British fertility decline have turned on the rise of the male breadwinner family, which by placing the responsibility for supporting women and children on men converted them to a preference for smaller families. This paper uses working-class autobiography of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries to develop understanding of sources of income and patterns of dependency and to illuminate the motives towards smaller families. Even before 1800 fathers` duties were to work hard to...
Full Text Available The ‘confessional’ autobiography has become a popular variant of professional football autobiography in Britain. Co-written ‘autobiographies’ by prominent former emigrant Irish or Irish descended international footballers have featured prominently in this sub-genre. Their ‘confessions’ of alcoholism, gambling, infidelity, irresponsibility towards partners or dependents, or underlying ontological insecurity might be seen as an insightful engagement with their lives as male footballers in Britain. However, focusing on two autobiographies of Paul McGrath, and reading these ‘troubled’ accounts using psychoanalytic perspectives on sport, migration and masculinity, it is argued that they are contradictory texts which embody a peculiar variation on the emigrant “fugitive state of mind” (Davar, 1996, both approximating and deferring mature, reflexive engagement with the social and cultural construction of identity, allowing them to occupy a liminal but discontent imaginary space in which adolescent masculinity can be indefinitely extended. The homosocial world of men’s professional football is a key factor in this.
Full Text Available The introductory article provides a conceptual background of the special issue of Methis focusing on the role of “life writing” (omaelulookirjutus in Estonian cultural history, examining it from the perspective of different disciplines and theoretical and critical frameworks. Functioning as an umbrella term for the issue, omaelulookirjutus is largely a synonym for the term “life writing”. While referring, in its widest usage, to a diverse body of texts that take life as its subject, the gradual adoption of the term life writing to refer both to a field of study and its subject also denotes a self-conscious turn away from a more narrow notion of autobiography. In European cultural contexts of a certain time period, autobiography conveys certain conceptions of the nature of truth and selfhood (the Enlightenment subject. Life writing, on the other hand, can be understood as a concept that facilitates a wide range of textual practises, both literary and nonliterary, that represent a diverse array of cultural contexts and categories of identity. The Estonian near equivalent of the term life writing, omaeluloolisus, is used with regard to the conceptualisation of the term by Jaan Kross, a canonical Estonian contemporary novelist in his Omaeluloolisus ja alltekst (Autobiographism and Subtext, 2003. Although mainly an attempt at constructing a systematic interpretational frame for the consideration of the trajectory of his own work, Kross’ observations have wider implications, addressing some central concerns of the development of Estonian life writing. Delineating a scale of manifestations of “the autobiographical” (omaeluloolisus in the literary work of an author and the autobiographical essence of language, Kross also makes visible its functioning and uses as a socio-politically charged entity in everyday contexts, in particular with regard to the experience of the Soviet regime. In its wide range of manifestation and application
Carlos Magno Santos Gomes
Full Text Available Este artigo defende a hipótese de que o romance As horas nuas (1989, de Lygia Fagundes Telles, apresenta um sofisticado jogo auto-referencial da obra dentro da obra. As cenas em que Rosa, a protagonista, tenta escrever suas memórias, mas é consumida peloalcoolismo, fortalecem as idéias de paródia e de descentramento estético, presentes nesse romance. Rosa narra e comenta a superficialidade de suas memórias até abandonar seu projeto de escrita, que pode ser lido como uma paródia das autobiografias. Essa hipótese será sustentada metodologicamente pelos conceitos pós-estruturalistas propostos por Jacques Derrida, que defende a escrita como jogo, remédio, veneno ou teatro, entre outrosconceitos. A partir dos suplementos estéticos da encenação de Rosa, o leitor, preocupado com o “como” a obra foi construída, descobre novos roteiros desse romance que se autoquestiona no próprio desenrolar da narrativa. Ao final, interpreta-se o silêncio de Rosa como uma crítica à superficialidade e ao narcisismo do gênero autobiográfico.This study defends the idea that the novel As horas nuas (1989, by Lygia Fagundes Telles, presents a sophisticated auto-referential game concerning the artistic production in itself. The scenes in which Rosa, the main character, tries to write her memories, but is absorbed by alcoholism, strengths the idea of parody and esthetic disorder in this novel. Rosa narrates and comments the superficiality of her memories until the moment that she abandons herwriting project, which can be read as a parody of autobiographies. This hypothesis is supported methodologically by the post-structuralism concepts proposed by Jacques Derrida, which defends the writing as a game, medicine, poison or theater, beyond other concepts. Using the esthetic supplements of Rosa’s staging, which narrates her memories to a recorder, the reader concerned about “how” the novel was built discovers new scripts of the novel that provokes
On Military Memoirs. Soldier-authors, publishers, plots and motives. : A mixed-method study into military Afghanistan autobiographies from the US, the UK, Canada, Germany and the Netherlands published between 2001 and 2010.
L.H.E. Kleinreesink (Esmeralda)
markdownabstractSummary Although there are quite a few soldiers who write autobiographies about their deployment experiences, a comprehensive profile does not exist that provides reliable, quantifiable insight into 21st century soldier-authors that exceeds the Anglo-American view, especially when
À partir de l'exemple de deux autobiographies, celles de Jacques-Louis Ménétra et d'Agricol Perdiguier, tous deux compagnons du Tour de France, il s'agit d'établir des constantes de l'écriture de soi. La perspective adoptée, le discours sur la sexualité, sert de point d'ancrage. Après avoir déterminé les sphères d'énonciation de la sexualité des deux compagnons, le ludique chez Ménétra, l'altérité chez Perdiguier, on en vient à établir, au-delà des spécificités de chacun, une permanence des f...
Full Text Available Born in Nagasaki prefecture in Japan, right after the world war two, I grew up in a country side of Fukuoka prefecture, where I had my education until high school. After graduating from the high school, I entered Hokkaido University to study the natural science. The largest turning point as a student came to me when I knocked on the office door of Prof. Arakawa in 1969, who became my thesis advisor, in order to consult my study in the graduate course. He told me enthusiastically how “water” and “aqueous solutions” are important in science, how challenging it is to understand the problems experimentally as well as theoretically, and how interesting it is in the biological connections....
The Publisher regrets that this article is an accidental duplication of an article that has already been published, doi:10.1016/j.jaut.2011.05.017 The duplicate article has therefore been withdrawn. PMID:22196922
Throughout his distinguished career, Patrick Moore has, without a doubt, done more to raise the profile of astronomy among the British public than any other figure in the scientific world. As the presenter of The Sky at Night on BBC television for nearly 50 years he was honored with an OBE in 1968 and a CBE in 1988. In 2001 he was knighted 'for services to the popularisation of science and to broadcasting'. The BBC first aired The Sky at Night in April 1957 and it is now in the record books as the world's longest running TV series with the same presenter. He is also the author of over 60
Leila Rodrigues da Silva
Full Text Available This text is linked to the aspects of power relations in the Vita Sancti Aemiliani in Vita Sancti Fructuosi and autobiography of Valério of Bierzo: Christianization and ecclesiastical reorganization of the Visigothic kingdom in the seventh century, funded by CNPq. Among other assumptions, this research recognizes that the ecclesiastical authorities at the beginning of the Middle Ages worked for the promotion of a comprehensive education program, which was associated with standardization and education of lay and clergy. In this process, the hagiographic literature has assumed a prominent place. Considering the autobiography written by Valerius of Bierzo as an expression of the hagiographic genre, it is intended in this article, based on the historiographical reflections of ecclesiastical activity in the Hispanic peninsula in the sixth and seventh centuries, discussing the role played by the devil in such a report, sometimes more sharply expression a literary topos, now speaker of the specific situation of the author.
On Military Memoirs. Soldier-authors, publishers, plots and motives.: A mixed-method study into military Afghanistan autobiographies from the US, the UK, Canada, Germany and the Netherlands published between 2001 and 2010.
markdownabstractSummary Although there are quite a few soldiers who write autobiographies about their deployment experiences, a comprehensive profile does not exist that provides reliable, quantifiable insight into 21st century soldier-authors that exceeds the Anglo-American view, especially when it comes to (self-published) books. This study makes up for these deficiencies by studying all non-fiction, autobiographical books, first published between 2001 and 2010 in Dutch, English or German i...
Full Text Available Lilli Suburg (1841-1923 is an author in Estonian literary and cultural history who is not well researched, though her literary output is sufficiently large and her manuscript heritage many-sided, casting light on the little known aspects of her work and activity. Suburg was active in very different fields: she is known as a writer, journalist, feminist and educator. Her literary work is diverse and prolific; she wrote short stories, children’s stories, journalistic texts as well as philosophical essays. In Suburg’s work the autobiographical element plays a significant role, so that we can say that throughout her whole life she wrote her own autobiography, albeit using different forms. In this article, I example specifically the autobiography written by Lilli Suburg (1841-1923 entitled Minu saatusega võitluskäik (My Fight is my Destiny (1914, with the aim of introducing the text to the modern reader and analysing its content and peculiarities. As the text was published almost a hundred years ago, it deserves to be read anew and given a fresh interpretation from a modern point of view. The text certainly adds some new aspects to understanding Lilli Suburg’s life and activity; in the article I will analyse how Suburg looks at herself and her life and the reasons why she chose to write an autobiography with a feminist emphasis. The autobiography was published in the magazine Naiste Töö ja Elu (Women’s Work and Life in 1914 and to date it is the first and only feminist autobiography in Estonia. As Suburg had been a contributor to the magazine since its foundation in 1911, it provided a forum where she was able to share her feminist ideas and worldview with the readers. The magazine’s readers were understanding and supportive of feminist ideas, and the magazine’s focus was on women’s issues and women’s interests, the contributors being the leading women of the time. In her autobiography Suburg gives an overview of her life
Full Text Available The aim of this study was to explore the meaning of suffering and relief from suffering as described in autobiographies by tourists who experienced the tsunami on 26 December 2004 and lost loved ones. A lifeworld approach, inspired by the French philosopher Merleau-Ponty's phenomenology of perception, was chosen for the theoretical framework. This catastrophe totally changed the survivors’ world within a moment. In this new world, there were three main phases: the power of remaining focused, a life of despair, and the unbearable becoming bearable. Life turns into a matter of making the unbearable bearable. Such challenging experiences are discussed in terms of the philosophy of Weil, Jaspers, and Merleau-Ponty. The survivors of the tsunami catastrophe were facing a boundary situation and “le malheur,” the unthinkable misfortune. Even at this lowest level of misfortune, joy is possible to experience. This is part of the survivors’ ambivalent experiences of their lifeworld. In this world of the uttermost despair there are also rays of hope, joy, and new life possibilities.
Cecilia Cavalieri França
Full Text Available Autobiografias musicais constituem um recurso terapêutico eloqüente a respeito de como os indivíduos definem a si mesmos, auxiliando a (reconstrução da identidade e contribuindo para a melhoria da qualidade de vida de portadores de Esclerose Múltipla. Oito pacientes adultos sob acompanhamento no Centro de Investigação em Esclerose Múltipla (CIEM - UFMG, selecionaram entre 10 a 15 músicas significativas em sua vida, a respeito das quais discorreram em entrevista aberta. Os dados foram analisados qualitativamente segundo categorias criadas pelo musicoterapeuta norueguês Even RUDD (1998, que visam revelar como o indivíduo expressa suas identidades pessoal, social, temporal e transpessoal. Submetidos a tratamento quantitativo, os dados indicaram que, através da sua história musical, os pacientes aumentaram a percepção dos sentimentos e sensações corporais, expressaram-se de maneiras alternativas e ativaram memórias afetivas, contextualizando-as e adquirindo um senso de continuidade da vida.Musical autobiographies consist a powerful therapeutic tool through which individuals define themselves, helping in the (reconstruction of their identities and in enhancing quality of life of Multiple Sclerosis patients. Eight adult patients under treatment in the Research Centre for Multiple Sclerosis (CIEM - UFMG, selected 10 to 15 significant pieces of music in their lives, after which they narrated in open interview. The data collected were submitted to the music therapist Even RUDD (1998 categories, which reveal how the person expresses his personal, social, temporal and transpersonal identities. The quantitative treatment indicate that, through their musical history, patients could better the perception of their feelings and body awareness, they could express themselves through alternative ways and activated affective memories, contextualizing them and achieving a sense of continuity of life.
In 2000 I completed a PhD in Creative practice (painting) which had a contextualising thesis as part of the submission. My paintings at this time were based upon issues of memory and the text presented a narrative of the construction of the work but also examined how I was constructed by the work (both through the painting and writing). The tension between the past and what we make of it was central to my argument about the creative self in painting and so the title of this ...
The thesis investigates contemporary textile practice and its links to traditional forms of textile art. It focuses on the 19th century German circumcision binders (“Jewishing cloths”), ceremonial Torah scroll wrappings, which documented male births. The case study examines images on the seams of a 1836 binder, showing that the seams acted as a transitional territory, where the embroiderer consciously played around with traditional images, transposing the concern with birth and fertility into...
Leila Rodrigues da Silva
Full Text Available Este texto se vincula às questões analisadas no âmbito do projeto financiado pelo CNPq, intitulado “Aspectos das relações de poder na Vita Sancti Aemiliani, na Vita Sancti Fructuosi e na autobiografia de Valério do Bierzo: cristianização e reorganização eclesiástica no reino visigodo do século VII”. Dentre outros pressupostos, tal pesquisa se pauta no reconhecimento de que as autoridades eclesiásticas em princípios da Idade Média atuaram visando à promoção de um amplo projeto pedagógico, ao qual se associavam a normatização e a instrução de laicos e clérigos. Nesse processo, a literatura hagiográfica assumiu lugar de destaque. Considerando de natureza hagiográfica a autobiografia escrita por Valério de Bierzo, pretende-se, à luz das reflexões historiográficas sobre a atividade eclesiástica na península hispânica nos séculos VI e VII, discutir o papel assumido pelo diabo em tal relato, ora mais acentuadamente expressão de um topos literário, ora interlocutor da conjuntura específica do autor.This text is linked to the aspects of power relations in the Vita Sancti Aemiliani in Vita Sancti Fructuosi and autobiography of Valério of Bierzo: Christianization and ecclesiastical reorganization of the Visigothic kingdom in the seventh century, funded by CNPq. Among other assumptions, this research recognizes that the ecclesiastical authorities at the beginning of the Middle Ages worked for the promotion of a comprehensive education program, which was associated with standardization and education of lay and clergy. In this process, the hagiographic literature has assumed a prominent place. Considering the autobiography written by Valerius of Bierzo as an expression of the hagiographic genre, it is intended in this article, based on the historiographical reflections of ecclesiastical activity in the Hispanic peninsula in the sixth and seventh centuries, discussing the role played by the devil in such a report
Full Text Available L´autobiographie est a priori le règne du « Je », mais dans Trame d´enfance, la romancière allemande Christa Wolf évoque son enfance et son adolescence sans recours à la première personne. L´instance narrative se scinde en un « elle » pour désigner l´enfant-personnage et un « tu » pour le sujet écrivant. Ce dispositif narratif invite à la comparaison avec Enfance de Nathalie Sarraute. Les deux textes font entrer la démarche autobiographique dans l´« ère du soupçon » et éclater l´unité fallacieuse du « Je ».As a genre, autobiography is the natural domain of the first-person narrative, but in Patterns of childhood, the German novelist Christa Wolf relates her childhood and adolescence without ever recurring to the first person. The narrator is split into the third-person “she”, to refer to the child as a character of the narrative, and the “you” of the second person singular to refer to the writer. This narrative set-up invites a comparison with Nathalie Sarraute’s Childhood. Both texts destroy the fallacious unity of the first-person narrative, thus placing the autobiographical genre in our “age of suspicion”.La autobiografía es, a priori, el reino del "Yo", sin embargo, la escritora alemana Christa Wolf evoca en la novela Trama de infancia su infancia y su adolescencia sin recurrir a la primera persona. La instancia narrativa se escinde en un "ella" para designar al niño-personaje y un "tú" para referirse al sujeto que escribe. Este dispositivo narrativo invita a compararlo con el libro Infancia de Nathalie Sarraute. Ambos textos consiguen que este procedimiento autobiográfico entre en la “era de la sospecha” y que se fragmente la unidad falaz del "Yo".
Tiina Ann Kirss
Full Text Available In 1924, renowned Estonian author August Kitzberg (1855-1927, whose “village tales”, plays, and journalistic pieces had been favourite reading material among the people for some 50 years, published his autobiography, entitled Ühe vana “tuuletallaja” noorpõlve mälestused (”An Old Windhover’s Memories of Youth”. Ostensibly, as Kitzberg claims in his foreword, the text was never meant to be published, and constituted his attempt, in 1916, to write “something like a family chronicle”. Compositionally heteroclite, Kitzberg’s life story is a sampling of a wide range of narrative strategies and styles, always hovering on the borders of written and oral discourse and not pretending to achieve stringent coherence. This is by no means to deny the text its “artfulness”: its very rusticality and simplicity is an effective ruse. Skilfully manoeuvring a ”tailor’s needle,” the author threads the piecework of his own life story into the heftier canvas of “History” (recalling the subtitle of Märt Mitt’s life story from the 1870s. More importantly, Kitzberg’s text is authored by a consummate journalist who astutely and deliberately makes visible broader dynamics driving social and cultural history in Estonia in the second half of the 19th century. ”The windhover” as autobiographical persona thus complements the public figure of the author, who had made his mark in the world of Estonian letters through his journalism, literary criticism, and theatre, as well as his original prose. In this paper I argue that Kitzberg’s autobiography is a foundation text of a ”national” autobiographical canon, and explore the implications of that statement. First, Kitzberg’s “Windhover” offered a formal “sampler” for narrative techniques at the threshold of oral and written culture. Also, the text makes visible models for telling a life: behind Kitzberg’s text one senses his own reading culture, which includes
Full Text Available As research in natural sciences and humanities becomes ever more specialized and technical, and the sword of Damocles – publish or perish – hangs over the head of every scholar, academic publishing proliferates but at the cost of its public relevance. Theology is no exception here, but the consequences are potentially much more disastrous. One need not understand anything about quantum mechanics for PET scan to work, but when nobody outside of academia understands contemporary theology, it is hard to imagine how “faith seeking understanding” makes any sense in the absence of such understanding amongst the believers. In order for a work of theology to make sense, it should be accessible for a wider public and it has to be existentially relevant. The present essay offers a few suggestions how theologians might go about meeting these kriteria. Popularizace a autobiografie aneb Pokus o srozumitelnou teologii Výzkum v oblasti přírodních a humanitních věd nabývá stále specializovanějšího a techničtějšího rozměru. Damoklův meč publish or perish (publikuj anebo zmiz se vznáší nad hlavou každého vědce. Akademické publikace tedy přibývají co do počtu, ale často tomu bývá na úkor relevance pro širší okruh čtenářů. Teologie zde není výjimkou. Ve srovnání s ostatními vědami jsou v takovém případě důsledky pro teologii potenciálně mnohem katastrofálnější. K fungování a využití pozitronové emisní tomografie skutečně není potřeba, aby každý chápal základy kvantové mechaniky. Když ale nikdo mimo akademickou obec nerozumí moderní teologii, je těžké si představit, jak může známý výrok „víra hledá porozumění“ dávat smysl věřícím. Smysluplná teologická práce by měla být přístupná širší veřejnosti a měla by mít jistý existenciální rozměr, který by byl každému srozumitelný. Tento příspěvek nabízí několik doporučení, jak by se teologové mohli přiblížit k splnění těchto kritérií.
American literature, biography, Tunis Campbell, Black Elk, Andrew Carnegie, Booker T. Washington, Mary Antin, Mary Jones, Frederic Howe, Anna Howard Shaw, Woody Guthrie, Monica Sone, Anne Moody, Ron Kovic...
Full Text Available It could be argued that an important feature of Richard Murphy’s work, and of his identity as a poet is the relationship between the creative self and a particular place, where ‘place’ should be understood as referring not just to physical qualities of the natural environment, but in a broader sense to denote an environment in which everything is interrelated and connected, and in which there is no sharp division between the natural and the human. The landscape providing inspiration for Murphy’s poetic imagination is the landscapes and seascapes of Connemara in north-west Ireland. In 1959 he settled in this environment which was to be his base for the next 20 years and from this period and this location emanated the bulk of his poetic oeuvre. For Murphy committing to a life of writing poetry necessarily means being in the Connemara landscape. Returning to this environment in adulthood represents a quest for recovering childhood feelings, of belonging and love, as connected to particular places. Murphy’s Connemara poems could be read as an account of this process of re-placement, as a type of autobiographical text in which the artist creates a ‘double portrait’: in writing about the landscape he also writes about himself, creating a place-portrait which is, at the same time, a self-portrait.
I was shaped by World War II, years of near starvation as a war refugee, postwar chaos, life in several countries, and relative affluence in later life. The truth is that as I was growing up I wanted to be a writer. My aspirations came to an end when, in order to speed up my graduation from college, I took courses in microbiology. It was my second love at first sight-that of my wife preceded it. I view science as an opportunity to discover the designs in the mosaics of life. What initiates my search of discovery is an observation that makes no sense unless there exists a novel design. Once the design is revealed there is little interest in filling all the gaps. I was fortunate to understand that what lasts are not the scientific reports but rather the generations of scientists whose education I may have influenced. PMID:26958904
United States, literature, Benjamin Franklin, Olaudah Equino, Davy Crockett, Black Hawk, Harriet Robinson, Frederick Douglass, Harriet Jacobs, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Ulysses S. Grant, Tunis Gulic Campbell......United States, literature, Benjamin Franklin, Olaudah Equino, Davy Crockett, Black Hawk, Harriet Robinson, Frederick Douglass, Harriet Jacobs, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Ulysses S. Grant, Tunis Gulic Campbell...
This article is a proposal of identity research through its process and narrative character. As a starting point I present a definition of identity understood as the whole life process of finding identification. Next I present my own model of auto/biography-narrative research inspired by hermeneutic and phenomenological traditions of thinking about experiencing reality. I treat auto/biography-narrative research as a means of exploratory conduct, based on the narrator’s biography data, also co...
Sibinga, Cees Th. Smit
Cees Smit Sibinga was born in 1939 in Makassar in the former Dutch East Indies and spent the first part of his life in a Japanese internment camp. This experience was extremely important for the development of his attitude in and philosophy of life, in which a positive fighter spirit predominates. H
Biography versus Fiction or the Value of Testimony in Jacobs’s and Stowe’s Narratives about Slavery (Autobiographie contre fiction ou la valeur du témoignage dans les récits d’esclavages de Jacobs et de Stowe
Full Text Available Cette étude comparée a pour projet de souligner les différences culturelles qui existent entre deux genres littéraires de la période antebellum : les récits d’esclaves et la fiction abolitionniste. Via l’approche d’extraits de textes tirés de l’autobiographie d’Harriet Jacobs Incidents in the Life of A Slave Girl, écrite sous le pseudonyme de Linda Brent et du roman de Harriet Beecher-Stowe Uncle Tom’s Cabin, nous soulignerons le témoignage historique commun qui ressort de ces deux textes. Bien que d’essence et de sources différentes, ces deux récits – celui de l’ancienne esclave et celui de l’intellectuelle blanche – offrent une image authentique de l’histoire américaine d’avant guerre civile essentielle et dénoncent le même fléau: l’esclavage.
Full Text Available The project for this issue started in a questioning about the possible bridges between poetry today and Romantic poetry. How to think beyond the now consensual but also constructed oppositions that helped the Modernists define themselves against their anxiety-inducing immediate predecessors? In the line of Marjorie Perloff’s 21st-Century Modernism, one is urged to this re-reading of the 19th and of the 20th and 21st centuries. Thus comes to be examined one of the major post-Romantic assessmen...
Full Text Available This close reading of the text highlights how Miss Jane, in her double role as protagonist and narrator, shows considerable ambivalence towards friend and foe alike, with the result that the apparently transparent ideological meaning of entire episodes is blurred by what some critics have merely put down to “conservatism.” I examine Miss Jane’s almost constant suppression of emotion, and frequent displays of ambivalence towards other black people; her ambiguous relationship to oppressive, but familiar whites like Albert Cluveau or Robert Samson; and her conflicted relation to black heroes and heroics. Is the leading character a variation on the “mammy” who has internalized racist figures of speech, and uses contradictory images that undermine black heroics and validate white oppression? Or is Gaines’s point to undo the “retrick” of heroics and of alienation alike, and, against of backdrop of constant, ordinary destruction of black lives, to cast the adult Miss Jane as a Brer Rabbit-like figure, for whom survival and resistance are both dialectically connected and opposed? Is there a contradiction between her “progress” towards resistance shown in the last section, and her metadiscursive comments in the present, and does her literally walking out of her own story give a conclusive meaning to her narrative, or does it point to the author’s not having been able to resolve the ambivalence and ambiguities within the text?
An overview is given about our work on fluoro-organic compounds, published or described in PhD theses between 1977 and 2013. After a discussion of structural F-effects and F-tagging applications the material is ordered by the various areas of our research, in which we have used and/or prepared F-derivatives: Li- and Ti-organic compounds and reagents, polylithiated hydroxy-esters and nitroalkanes, the enantiopure trifluoro-lactic, -Roche, and -3-hydroxy-butanoic acids as toolbox for the preparation of numerous F₃C-substituted compounds, including natural products and dendrimers, and fluoro-α-, -β-, and -δ-amino acids, as well as peptides with back-bond-bound fluorine. The strong influence on β-peptide folding by fluoro-substituents in the α-position of β-amino-acid residues is discussed in terms of the α-fluoro-amide conformational effect. Finally, some cases of totally unexpected effects on reactivity and structure exerted by fluoro-substitution are presented and taken as examples for our use of the terms flustrate and flustration in connection with organo-fluorine chemistry. PMID:25198744
Madam Colette was perhaps the most controversial female writer of French literature. During her most productive years as a novelist Colette has written extensively on the themes of childhood, love, marital life. Passionate and tumultuous, her writings were largely based on her own experiences of three successive marriages. Colette attempted to find answers to the troubled life by observing the simplest of things; a spider on its web, one pussy stretching out in the lawn, perfumes of the summe...
Full Text Available After having tried for some time to overview the contemporary field of qualitative research to give a lecture for a professorship in that area, my idea at the outset of writing this article was to address whether changes in qualitative research should be viewed as recurrent revolutions as highlighted by Denzin and Lincoln (2000; 2005, or as a field of continuing key themes and long-standing tensions, as conceptualized by Atkinson, Coffey and Delamont (2003. However, during my writing, after one detour into the May 2009 issue of Current Sociology and a second detour into the July 2009 issue of Qualitative Research, my attention focused on to how critical debate and review are displayed in different methodological positions of qualitative research. In my reading, the discussion in Current Sociology between main stream and postmodern methodological positioning revealed an utterly one-way feminist critique; this was also the case in one of three book reviews of The Handbook of Qualitative Research (Denzin and Lincoln, 2005 in the referred issue of Qualitative Research. My puzzle over this critical stance, and my third detour, into Yvonne Lincoln’s discussion of twenty-five years of qualitative and new paradigm research in the January 2010 Issue of Qualitative Inquiry, helped evolve the following notes on a methodological discussion. The notes are partly structured by a temporal narrative over personally lived qualitative research, and partly by an epistemological narrative of a methodological discussion, interwoven with the passing of time when writing.
After having tried for some time to overview the contemporary field of qualitative research to give a lecture for a professorship in that area, my idea at the outset of writing this article was to address whether changes in qualitative research should be viewed as recurrent revolutions as highlighted by Denzin and Lincoln (2000; 2005), or as a field of continuing key themes and long-standing tensions, as conceptualized by Atkinson, Coffey and Delamont (2003). However, during my writing, after...
Full Text Available In his recently published book, Clive Christie argues that Socialism, Marxism and Communism played a crucial role as weapons for Southeast Asian leaders in their fight against colonialism and as frameworks for them to run the newly independent nations. He also realizes that other ideologies such as those based on religion, which were older in terms of their coming into the region than the above-mentioned Western-originated ideologies, especially Islam in the Malay world and Confucianism and Buddhism in the Indo-China and Burma, also played a similarly important role. However, he provides only a dim analysis of the extremely intricate relationship between these types of ideology, especially between Marxism and Islam in the thought of leaders of movements such as the Islamic Union (Sarekat Islam or SI in the then Dutch East Indies. Most probably for reasons of space, he makes only a slight, insignificant reference to SI.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v9i1.675
When adult students write their life story, they gather selected life experiences and transform these onto the written page. In the course of this literary process they revisit sites of the past and reflect on the meaning of past events; many reconstruct these events from the point of view of the present, and most close their narrative by…
Pandya, Jessica Zacher; Pagdilao, Kathleah Consul; Kim, Enok Aeloch
Background/Context: Prior research on multimodal, digital composition has highlighted the need for educators to bring such practices into classrooms, yet little research has been done to show what kinds of products children create and what those products can tell us as researchers about how children articulate their life experiences. We draw on…
Sternberg, Robert J.
"Everyone else was turning the page but I had not yet finished the first item." That is how the author remembers the beginning of his interest in intelligence. For whatever reason, he decided while in elementary school that intelligence is modifiable, and every year he authored a work book with exercises children could complete to increase their…
Un an à peine après avoir accédé à la gloire d’une façon fulgurante, P. Handke, le provocateur, le représentant de la littérature expérimentale, compose à vingt-cinq ans Ein autobiographischer Essay, dont le grand public ne prendra connaissance qu’en 1972 lors de sa publication dans le recueil d’essais Ich bin ein Bewohner des Elfenbeinturms. Wunschloses Unglück, récit composé après le suicide de la mère, paraît la même année, il est accueilli à la fois comme biographie maternelle et document...
« Une odeur, des sonorités, une qualité de l’air, des luminosités, qu’on m’avait “parlées”, qu’on m’avait montrées, que j’avais rêvées... » (p. 11) : telle est la matière sensible du pays des origines que retrouve Mario Rispoli à treize ans, en débarquant à Brindisi pour des vacances avec ses copains de l’école Don Bosco du Caire qui, eux, célèbrent l’Année sainte. Dans la capitale égyptienne de l’immédiat après-guerre, l’Italie est présente de bien des façons, plus ou moins antagonistes. Dan...
Morehouse, Maggi M.
In simple terms, diaspora can be defined as the identity community that is formed when people move. Although the term African Diaspora seems relatively new, a number of 20th century scholars have utilized a diasporic framework to explain the commonalities among people of African descent around the world. The earliest scholars did not use the term;…
Our Lives as Databases ist das Produkt eines Forschungsprojekts, in dem die teilnehmenden Autoren das kollektive Schreiben und Analysieren ihrer Autobiographien als Medium zum Praktizieren akademischer Soziologie benutzen. In diesem Beitrag beschreibe ich die Struktur und den Inhalt dieses ungewöhnlichen und sehr interessanten Buches und stelle meine Lesart anhand der exemplarischen Analyse eines der Kapitel dar. Obwohl der Herausgeber des Sammelbandes überzeugend für das kollektive Schreiben...
Determination of natural boron concentration in coffee leaves, using the autoradiography, by neutron capture technique. The boron absorption coefficient in young coffee leaves was measured using autoradiography by neutron capture. In two experiments carried out in April and November, 1996, it was found that the coefficient varies between 0.9 and 5.3 nmol/h. the concentration of natural boron in coffee leaves in regard to age, symptoms and treatment received was also studied, using the same technique. (Author)
Le récit de la conversion du lévite Juda, fils de David et Sephora de Cologne, mieux connu sous le nom de Hermannus quondam Judeus, est bien connu depuis 1687, date de sa première publication. Il n’y a pratiquement pas d’historien du judaïsme médiéval européen ou de la « mission » chrétienne qui n’en ait fait état. Il a encore eu droit à une excellente édition critique en 1963 (Hermannus quondam Judaeus. Opusculum de conversione sua, hrsg. von Gerlinde Niemeyer, Weimar : Böhlau, 1963, Monumen...
Hesford, Wendy S.
Discusses Mindy Faber's autobiographical video as an allegory of contradictory interpretations of female hysteria as both a theater of femininity and feminist revolt. Provides an analysis of the resonance between student responses to "Delirium" (her auto/biographical video about her mother's long battle with mental illness) and contemporary…
of normalcy continue their hegemony even in progressive areas such as cultural studies. Disabled bodies are not permitted to participate in the erotics of power nor in economies of transgression. Thus, we need to investigate how a hegemonic notion of masculinity informs and interacts with cultural notions......, these relations are often pervasively violent, insidious and subordinating, with the result that men dis-able other men. In order to explore the everyday assumptions of male ability in Western culture, which conceal dis/ability and the 'failures' of masculinity, I examine one example of autobiographical comics......, a 'genre' in which comics creators tell their life narratives . Autobiographical comics give insights into the cultural narratives and discourses which bound and limit the construction of the visible self. Written and oral life narratives have been used in men's studies research to document men...
Bonde, Lars Ole
Music therapists need both advanced musical and therapeutic skills to work as ‘health musicians’ in the vast area of ‘health musicking’ (Trondalen & Bonde, 2012), which ranges from working with groups in the community to individual sessions with mental health patients in hospital clinics. The balance between musical and therapeutic skills in this training is the subject of continuous discussion in the training program at Aalborg University, as are the ways in which the musical identity of a m...
Marcelo da Silva Amorim
Full Text Available In this article, we intend to show how the oral compositions employed by Graciliano Ramos in his narrative Infância create effects that are both stylistic and interactive for its readers’ understanding, with meanings that are constructed from a need to update autobiographic facts in the present of the narrator as well as in his constitution as an autodidactic subject.
Causton-Theoharis, Julie; Ashby, Christine; Cosier, Meghan
Assumptions of difficulties with social interaction, or lack of interest in social interaction, are central to many definitions and conventional understandings of autism. However, many individuals with autism describe a strong craving social interaction. This article uses autobiographical accounts written by individuals who identified as autistic…
R.M. Dekker (Rudolf)
textabstractBetween the 17th and 19th centuries, autobiographers and diarists invented new ways to write about childhood and children. At the same time, pedagogical ideas about child-rearing changed. This book looks at the connection between these developments. Childhood became more highly valued as
This article argues that while social entrepreneurship shares concerns similar to those of social justice activism, the corporate and business ethos in the idea of entrepreneurship is not suited to the social concerns that teachers and other educators deal with in their everyday lives. The article points out characteristics of social…
Full Text Available The Gulf War of 1991 was possibly the most mesmerising military conflict of recent times. In a world charged with violence, this particular war somehow stood out and captured the public's imagination. This can be attributed to a number of factors, the most important being the fact that leading western powers participated in Operation Desert Storm. Along with this they deployed an enormous range of sophisticated and hi-tech weaponry in the Persian Gulf adding a new dimension to the clash which became impossible to ignore. The disproportionately high media profiles of Desert Shield and Desert Storm was due to the role played by television. For the first time audiences around the globe were able to watch the war unfolding live in their living rooms courtesy of expanding technology and 24 hour news networks.
Full Text Available Moira Roth visited the US in the early 1950s for the first time and decided to settle in the country because she found American universities to be places of her calling. Being deeply attracted to the wide range of ethnic and cultural differences in American society, Roth has since strived for artistic expression and established friendships in all corners of the world. Roth’s memoir pieces span seven decades. They reflect upon encounters with refugees in her mother’s outside London home in World War II, the Bohemian culture in Northern California in the 1960s, and the impact on her of various feminist-inspired art projects in the 1970s and 1980s. We, her readers, find ourselves exploring these decades in the virtual presence of Moira Roth.
Paula Renata Lucas Collares
Full Text Available The present article is centered in the analytical reading of some chronicles published in the First Book of Chronicles (1998 and the novel Sôbolos rios que vão (2010, by António Lobo Antunes. This thesis shows how time, the memory, childhood and their respective events, as apparently autobiographical aspects are linked to the texture of some chronic and some novel. In fact, we can read in fiction several fictional possibilities and biographical. Structural elements of the Portuguese writer António Lobo Antunes narratives are pieces of a puzzle manipulated by an author. In the First Book of Chronicles and the novel, António Lobo Antunes revisits the past, not from a romantic view but from a critical process of self-reflection. Therefore, we will try to find meaning in the intertextual marks, in the author’s voice slips, in the contact between literary and autobiographical discourses. The analysis is based on literary theory, with support from studies of Philippe Lejeune.
Artières, Philippe; Dabbadie, Denis
Emprisonnée pendant vingt ans à la forteresse de Schusselbourg, pour sa participation au mouvement La volonté du peuple, responsable de plusieurs attentats dont l’assassinat du tsar Alexandre II, la populiste russe Vera Figner mène d’abord en détention puis dès sa sortie en 1906 une entreprise singulière de résistance par l’écriture. La Venus de la Révolution entreprend en effet de constituer son récit autobiographique d’emprisonnement en un outil de lutte contre l’arbitraire du pouvoir tsari...
Alison Newby (The first attached pdf is print and the second is interactive)
The Ahmed Iqbal Ullah Race Relations Resource Centre is an open access University of Manchester facility. The blog 'Reading Race, Collecting Cultures' (www.aiucentre.wordpress.com) features on its website (www.racearchive.manchester.ac.uk). The Roving Reader Files category of blog posts is produced by Alison Newby (under the pseudonym The Roving Reader) in collaboration with Hannah Niblett (Collections Access Officer). The former provides the text and the latter provides the images. The R...
This article considers how the psychoanalytic concept of transference shapes relationships between teachers and students by integrating narrative case studies with a literature review. It provides an overview of transference concepts as they emerge in the context of clinical psychoanalysis and human development with implications for classroom…
McClellan, Ann K.
Applying the critical lenses of feminism, autographical theory and literary analysis, this essay performs a triple reading of Vera Brittain's multi-genre writings about gender, war,and university education. Focusing specifically on "The Dark Tide" (1923), "Testament of Youth" (1933) and "The Women of Oxford" (1960),…
In 1936, at age 31, Carl David Anderson became the second youngest Nobel laureate for his discovery of antimatter when he observed positrons in a cloud chamber.He is responsible for developing rocket power weapons that were used in World War II.He was born in New York City in 1905 and was educated in Los Angeles. He served for many years as a physics professor at California Institute of Technology. Prior to Oppenheimer, Anderson was offered the job of heading the Los Alamos atomic bomb program but could not assume the role because of family obligations.He was a pioneer in studying cosmic rays
This article, derived from my doctoral dissertation (Davidson 2007) examining the emergence of hospital protocols for perinatal bereavement during the last half of the twentieth century in Canada, focuses on the methodological complexities â€“ the draw, the drain, and the delight of doing qualitative research grounded in my own experience of perinatal loss. With my dissertation now a fait a complete, reflecting back on my research, my use of autoethnography at this point allows a return to a ...
Hunt, David N.
Much is known about the phenomenon of learning disabilities, especially dyslexia in children. Only recently, however, has psychological research focused on adult learning disabilities. The bulk of research on the phenomenon of adult learning disabilities has been quantitative research, which neglected the subjective experience of those it is…
Full Text Available In this work we intend to study, through the analysis of the autobiographical works of the anarchist thinker Federica Montseny (1905-1994, the educational context in which the writer was born and her attempt to transform the society through her own example and writings. The anti-authoritarian and freethinker background, the extended family of overtones inspired by Fourier’s ideal, the rational and secular teachings of her mother Teresa Mañé, the full immersion into the world of politics and workers struggles of the early twentieth century shapes the awareness of a child who will devote her life spreading the anarchist model. Deeply aware of the ethical and social potential of art, she puts into practice her ability to become a writer, a speaker and an educator of the people. Fiction and reality blend aiming to create a heroine. Received: 27/05/2013 / Accepted: 20/06/2013 How to reference this article Caiazzo, M. (2014. Realidad y ficción de una educadora del pueblo. Estudio de la misión pedagógica de Federica Montseny a través de sus autobiografías. Espacio, Tiempo y Educación, 1(1, pp. 77-96. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.14516/ete.2014.001.001.004
Joyce E. Chaplin
Full Text Available recorrendo aos campos da história dos impressos e da história da ciência - dois campos de importância indiscutível para entender Benjamin Franklin, o impressor da Filadélfia, e Benjamin Franklin, o famoso experimentador elétrico - este ensaio sugerirá que as memórias de Franklin são evidência de que ele pensou sobre si mesmo como encarnado em ações (como ele tinha se apresentado ao mundo, através de experimentos científicos e como identificado em relação a outras pessoas, como ele tinha sido por muito tempo, como um colaborador em diversos projetos e como um correspondente. Isso é diferente do seu sentido desencarnado e individualista que a maioria das edições de sua autobiografia, como uma simples narrativa, lhe deram. Edições mais complexas e com diversos textos podem ser ao menos igualmente válidas, sobretudo para mostrar como ideias de identidade pessoal, nesse ponto da história, eram coletivas e encarnadas.
This article looks at the remembered experiences of children who went to school in the late colonial period and examines the extent to which these memories relate to the official literature of the time and the historiographical debates surrounding education. The precise focus is memories of formal elementary education in the Madras Presidency…
The Burnett Archive of Working Class Autobiographies was gathered together by John Burnett, David Vincent and David Mayall whilst compiling their three volumes annotated bibliography, "The Autobiography of the Working Class" (Harvester Press, 1984-1989). This book includes descriptions of unpublished autobiographies and indicates their locations. Excerpts from some of the autobiographies have been published in "Destiny obscure: autobiographies of childhood, education, and family from the1820s...
The Burnett Archive of Working Class Autobiographies was gathered together by John Burnett, David Vincent and David Mayall whilst compiling their three volumes annotated bibliography, "The Autobiography of the Working Class" (Harvester Press, 1984-1989). This book includes descriptions of unpublished autobiographies and indicates their locations. Excerpts from some of the autobiographies have been published in "Destiny obscure: autobiographies of childhood, education, and family from the1820s...
The Burnett Archive of Working Class Autobiographies was gathered together by John Burnett, David Vincent and David Mayall whilst compiling their three volumes annotated bibliography, "The Autobiography of the Working Class" (Harvester Press, 1984-1989). This book includes descriptions of unpublished autobiographies and indicates their locations. Excerpts from some of the autobiographies have been published in "Destiny obscure: autobiographies of childhood, education, and family from the1820s...
The article is devoted to analysis of description of propaganda subject in general and in the Soviet Lithuanian literature particularly. Propaganda subject doesnt depend only on the procedure of discoursive interpellation as it was in L. Althusser theories. The article shows how much important was social-body experiences and social-political body activities upon the examples of communist identity history in Soviet Union. For this reason the notions of symbolic sphere (J. Lotman), semiosis ...
Research demonstrating the importance and impact of the earliest years on long-term outcomes is now well established, and the link between effective leadership and quality provision has been clearly made. However, the nature of the best preparation for such leadership remains contested. The qualitative research reported here is related to the…
Gabrielli, Elisa; Fulle, Stefania; Fanò-Illic, Giorgio; Pietrangelo, Tiziana
The first author, Elisa Gabrielli, has been a distance runner for many years, and then at a particular point in her career, she decided to move over to the 3000-m steeplechase. She was attracted by this discipline as she believed that it would be the appropriate discipline for her, due to the challenge it provided her, and the necessary knowledge and awareness she had through her studies. For reasons that are discussed in this report, the 3000-m steeplechase is a race that is more difficult to interpret and manage biomechanically and physiologically than most others. Combining this with her PhD allowed her to use a multidisciplinary approach to review the competitive experience gained in this discipline. During this period, she indeed not only deepened the technical aspects of her training, but also those that underlie this discipline, through her knowledge of sport, with particular reference to the female athlete. Through her technical research, she was able to take 'snapshots' of what could happen from the physiological point of view. With satisfaction, she improved her performance in the 3000-m race and in the 3000-m steeplechase. How? In particular, she worked on her running technique through specific exercises. She worked on de-contraction and posture, while saving energy consumption. She worked on the control of her breathing, and she took into account her prevailing heart rate. This was all in combination with the consumption of specific nutrients, as she tried to manage the production of lactate with the training of the red muscle fibres that are rich in mitochondria. Finally, she tried to improve her perception of strenuous work, by training at high altitude. This allowed her not only to improve her physical performance, but especially to improve her mind-set, which allowed her to be more confident in herself and her abilities. PMID:26913156
Writing the history of children’experiences in exile entails exploring how children refugees have written about these experiences themselves. It is obviously a challenge to find contemporary texts by refugee children, but even when we do, we are faced with a number of methodological issues. This paper attempts to present and tackle some of those, through the study of fifteen biographical notebooks written around 1940-1941 by Spanish refugee children who lived at La Rouvière in France, in a co...
The paper is an attempt to verify the assumptions of the motivation-hygiene theory by Frederick Herzberg in the context of the values and practices of leading managers of the U.S. economy. The two-factor theory is a part of every synthesis of management science, although its assumptions raise serious controversies. The subject matter of the analysis is the biographies of the most prominent managers, such as Henry Ford, Lee Iacocca, Walter P. Chrysler and Jordan Belfort (known as the ‘Wolf of ...
Full Text Available The article is devoted to analysis of description of propaganda subject in general and in the Soviet Lithuanian literature particularly. Propaganda subject doesnt depend only on the procedure of discoursive interpellation as it was in L. Althusser theories. The article shows how much important was social-body experiences and social-political body activities upon the examples of communist identity history in Soviet Union. For this reason the notions of symbolic sphere (J. Lotman, semiosis (U. Eco, discoursive order (M. Foucault and symbolical worlds (J. Lacan are separated and compared. Contemporary theories of psychoanalytic philosophy show meta-literary origin of politically important literary works and semiosis. It means that the sense of sentences of novels and poems were red and understood in dependency of heroic biography of writer, on the correspondent to the contemporary political and material life of political party and changes of political language. Participation in the revolutionary activity, class war, buildings of Soviet reality, II World Wars battles, postwar struggles, resistance to the Post-soviet reevaluation of all values, proletarian origin, sweat and blood were non-literal signs for the trust to literary work. The article shows that literary works of trusted writers were a collective creation and they were a collective semiosis. On the example of Lithuanian poet E. Mieželaitis collective improvement of poems are discussed. The other step in the development of soviet semiosis and symbolical world goes in the modern independent Lithuania. It is developed in autobiographes of soviet writers and soviet cultural leaders. Post-soviet considerations about “Non lost generation” of one of former communist leader L. Šepetys are analyzed in the article.Post-soviet biographies and popularity of the ones are evidence of stability of soviet symbolical world with their social body practices and reading / writing experiences. Analysis of soviet heritage related to the building of soviet man not only in discoursive but also in the body sense presuppose interpretation of their symbolical worlds from sociological or even political / literary anthropology point of view. The success of soviet auto / biographies in Post-soviet period is also sign of openness of modern Lithuanian society to its memory. It opens well-affected opportunities for Post-communist studies without any repressive desovietization of memory.
Full Text Available The first author, Elisa Gabrielli, has been a distance runner for many years, and then at a particular point in her career, she decided to move over to the 3000-m steeplechase. She was attracted by this discipline as she believed that it would be the appropriate discipline for her, due to the challenge it provided her, and the necessary knowledge and awareness she had through her studies. For reasons that are discussed in this report, the 3000-m steeplechase is a race that is more difficult to interpret and manage biomechanically and physiologically than most others. Combining this with her PhD allowed her to use a multidisciplinary approach to review the competitive experience gained in this discipline. During this period, she indeed not only deepened the technical aspects of her training, but also those that underlie this discipline, through her knowledge of sport, with particular reference to the female athlete. Through her technical research, she was able to take ‘snapshots’ of what could happen from the physiological point of view. With satisfaction, she improved her performance in the 3000-m race and in the 3000-m steeplechase. How? In particular, she worked on her running technique through specific exercises. She worked on de-contraction and posture, while saving energy consumption. She worked on the control of her breathing, and she took into account her prevailing heart rate. This was all in combination with the consumption of specific nutrients, as she tried to manage the production of lactate with the training of the red muscle fibres that are rich in mitochondria. Finally, she tried to improve her perception of strenuous work, by training at high altitude. This allowed her not only to improve her physical performance, but especially to improve her mind-set, which allowed her to be more confident in herself and her abilities.
Heuer, Christopher Jon
Writers of D/deaf autobiographies or biographies face something of a dilemma when incorporating deafness into the stories they tell. This includes writers of D/deaf fiction because many such works are based on the same personal experiences from which autobiographies and biographies are derived. At heart, autobiographies and biographies are merely…
علی اکبری/ کوچکیان علی اکبری/ کوچکیان
Full Text Available Literature as an art or science is of different kinds; and these kinds can constitute new systems. Novel is one of these different kinds of literature that is also divided to many different kinds. Autobiography is also a branch of literature that has its own features and characteristics. There are also many capabilities in these variations and in their combination with the other kinds. “Autobiography-Novel” is one of these compositions in literature that benefits from both novel and autobiography. The writers of this article have chosen a novel by Ali Ashraf Darvishiyan for their analysis. This literary text is a novel that also contains some features of autobiography, and the writes of the paper have analyzed it from the point of view of “Autobiography-Novel.” Keywords: Autobiography, novel, Salhaye ‘Abri (Cloudy Years, Autobiography- Novel, Darvishiyan.
Belmira Oliveira Bueno
Full Text Available O texto apresenta uma revisão de trabalhos da área de Educação que fizeram uso das histórias de vida e dos estudos autobiográficos como metodologia de investigação científica no Brasil. Dois recortes foram efetuados, um temporal e outro temático, para focalizar o período compreendido entre 1985 e 2003 e privilegiar dois temas: formação de professores e profissão docente. O objetivo principal foi o de mapear a produção nacional, buscando identificar as temáticas que emergiram com maior força, apontando aspectos lacunares e indicando direções para futuros estudos na área. Várias fontes foram utilizadas: resumos de teses e dissertações (banco de teses da CAPES; textos completos de teses e dissertações defendidas nos programas de pós-graduação da Pontifícia Universidade Católica de São Paulo - PUC-SP - e da Faculdade de Educação da Universidade de São Paulo - FEUSP -; livros; e periódicos científicos. As análises levaram a concluir que o uso dessas abordagens cresceu significativamente no Brasil a partir dos anos de 1990, porém, de modo muito disperso, foram utilizadas muito mais como fonte de dados para o desenvolvimento de um largo espectro de pesquisas e muito timidamente como dispositivos de formação. Todavia, evidenciou-se que a intensificação de tais metodologias contribuiu para renovar as pesquisas sobre os professores, ao mesmo tempo em que fez aflorar o interesse por questões e temáticas novas, tais como as que se configuram, por exemplo, nos estudos sobre profissão, profissionalização e identidades docentes.The text offers a review within the area of Education of the works that make use of life histories and autobiographic studies as a scientific research methodology in Brazil. The period between 1985 and 2003 is focused under two different slants, one temporal, and the other thematic: teacher education and teaching profession. The main purpose here was to map out the national production, seeking to identify the themes that have emerged with greater strength, pointing out deficient aspects, and suggesting directions for future studies in this field. Several sources were utilized: abstracts of theses and dissertations from the CAPES database; complete texts of theses and dissertations presented to the graduate programs of the Pontifical Catholic University of São Paulo - PUC-SP - and of the Faculty of Education of the University of São Paulo - FEUSP; books; and scientific journals. The analyses have shown that the use of these approaches has grown significantly in Brazil since the 1990s but, in a very disperse manner, they have been used more as a source of data for the development of a wide spectrum of studies, and only timidly as formation devices. Nevertheless, it has become apparent that the rise of these methodologies has contributed to a renewal in the studies about teachers, at the same time that it has fostered the interest in new issues and themes, such as those developed, for example, in the researches about profession, professionalization and teacher identity.
Full Text Available Desde diversas disciplinas, Occidente se ha interrogado sobre las implicancias mágicas, poéticas y políticas del nombre propio. El siguiente artículo aborda desde las relaciones de analogía que en torno a él tejen la cabala y la magia, hasta conceptualizaciones modernas y contemporáneas sobre su lugar en la literatura, particularmente en lo referente a sus relaciones con el sujeto y el texto, como también a sus proyecciones en el nombre de autor y su firma, aparentemente centrales en la construcción del discurso autobiográfico.From a wide range of disciplines, the Western world has asked itself the question regarding the magic, poetic and political implications of the proper name. The following article raises issues that start with the analogies that both cabbala and magic weave around the proper name, to the modern and contemporary conceptualizations about the place of the proper name in literature. This latter is achieved particularly in reference to its connections with the subject and text, and also in reference to its projections on the name of the author and his signature, both apparently central in the construction of the autobiographical discourse.
Abrindo caminho para o futuro: redes de apoio social e resiliência em autobiografias de jovens socioeconomicamente vulneráveis Paving the way to the future: social support networks and resilience in autobiographies of socioeconomically vulnerable youth
Idilva Maria Pires Germano
Full Text Available Este trabalho discute processos de resiliência e redes de apoio social a partir de entrevistas narrativas realizadas com jovens socioeconomicamente desfavorecidos de escolas públicas de Fortaleza. O objetivo do estudo foi analisar como contavam suas histórias de vida, especialmente como enfrentavam adversidades em busca de recursos promotores de saúde e bem-estar. Os relatos foram analisados temática e narrativamente a fim de compreender como os jovens recrutam recursos pessoais, familiares, comunitários e culturais disponíveis e como esses recursos e as formas de manejo atuam de modo protetivo. Considerando que a resiliência também implica a disponibilidade dos recursos buscados pelo jovem, atenção especial foi dada à capacidade de suas comunidades em fornecê-los apropriadamente. Um resultado significativo é sua percepção do poder público como ineficaz ou ausente. Frente ao declínio da esfera pública, o jovem tende a refugiar-se na família e em seus próprios recursos pessoais para enfrentar o futuro.This work discusses resilience processes and social support networks among youth based on narrative interviews with socioeconomically disadvantaged students from public schools in Fortaleza (Brazil. The aim of the study was to analyze how they told their life stories, particularly how they dealt with adversities, navigating their way to health-sustaining resources and well-being. Thematic and narrative analysis were applied to understand the way youth achieve personal, family, community and cultural resources and how these resources and strategies have a protective effect. Considering that resilience also refers to the availability of the resources sought special attention was directed to their communities' capacity to properly provide them. A meaningful result is their perception of public politics and services as ineffective or absent. Facing the decline of the public sphere, youth tend to take refuge in the family and in their own personal resources as means to stand up to their future.
Peut-on être calviniste et vivre sa foi dans l’Alsace ravagée par la guerre de Trente Ans ? La réponse est oui. Mais à quel prix, comme nous l’apprend Augustin Güntzer ! Grâce soit rendue à Monique Debus Kehr qui a traduit avec une grande élégance l’auto-biographie de ce potier d’étain, né à Obernai en 1596, mort dans un lieu et à une date inconnus, peut-être en Suisse après 1657. Ce récit se lit comme un roman. Güntzer entreprend un premier voyage en Allemagne et en Italie, où il se frotte a...
田叔是西汉初从河北走出的官员。他廉洁奉公,严谨自律,有才干,更有操守,是一位名臣兼长者,其＂官品＂、＂人品＂都值得称道。司马迁称赞他秉守气节、忠诚耿直,崇尚道义、正直无私,尤其是在掌重权、任高官时能坚持真理、堂堂正正,不向歪风邪气屈服。在多重价值观并存的今天,此等品格很值得推重。%Tianshu was an official from Hebei. He was self-disciplined, talented with integrality. He was widely praised by colleagues. Si Maqian praised him as integrated with good personality, because he never surrendered to the power of evil. Until the day, under the multivalues of the society, such personality is still be respected.
A Linguist's life. An English translation of Otto Jespersen' autobiography with notes, photos and a bibliography. EDited by Arne Juul, Hans F. Nielsen, Jørgen Erik Nielsen. Odense university press; Odense 1995
Full Text Available È un tratto positivo della linguistica di oggi l'interesse rinnovato per la storia della linguistica e per i grandi classici della linguistica, molti dei quali sono oggetto di un vero revival scientifico. Basti ricordare ii caso di Lucien Tesnière, le cui teorie oggi sono fonte di ricca ispirazione, come testimonia ii volume Linguistica XXX IV, I . M élanges Lucien Tesnière, Ljubljana 1994.
van Oers, D.A.C.
The relationship between fact and fiction is still a key concern in contemporary research on literary autobiographies. This dissertation turns to the early stages of modern Italian autobiography in order to investigate how the authors themselves dealt with this problem. An analysis of the so-called Venetian novelistic autobiography (late-eighteenth and early-nineteenth century) shows a conflict between fact and fiction which indicates the authors’ insecurities as to the very nature of autobio...
Reviews the autobiography of Eva Hoffman, "Lost in Translation: A Life in a New Language" (Dutton, 1989). Hoffman, whose family left Poland in the 1950s, offers a consciously bicultural view of the immigrant experience, in contrast to many autobiographies of those who forsake the old world for the new. (DM)
Heglar, Charles J.
Although slave narratives have enjoyed critical attention as literature and autobiography, when presenting them to undergraduates, there is some confusion--usually centering on the dissimilarities between the narratives and traditional autobiography. The narratives are not as linear, not as focused on personal development; the narrators are not as…
Hamilton, William H., Jr.
"Dust Tracks on a Road," author Zora Neale Hurston's autobiography, is not a typical black autobiography. Hurston is a complex woman and author who addresses both black and white audiences, shifting the cadences of her voice to invoke a readership that can hear the textures of many voices and respond to an underlying call to a world where race is…
As someone who has dabbled in biography and autobiography, the author knows how difficult it is to determine what really happened and why. Even people who agree on the sequence of events, and describe them similarly, may end up creating quite different narratives of a given life. Intellectual autobiography may be somewhat less problematic, because…
van Oers, D.A.C.
The relationship between fact and fiction is still a key concern in contemporary research on literary autobiographies. This dissertation turns to the early stages of modern Italian autobiography in order to investigate how the authors themselves dealt with this problem. An analysis of the so-called
Lindhout, Alexandra E.
Full Text Available In his autobiography, Hans J. Massaquoi describes the discrimination he encountered in Nazi Germany and Liberia because of his mixed racial background. Throughout his life Massaquoi had to cope with identity crises. Through the self-therapeutic discourse in the form of his autobiography, however, Massaquoi developed his hybrid transatlantic African American and African German identity.
Publishes and critiques the 1855 autobiography of Jesuit Father James Bouchard, born and raised a Delaware named Watomika. Contains information about Watomika's family, genealogy, and early years; his conversion to Christianity; and Delaware religious beliefs and practices. Examines the literary and ethnographic merits of the autobiography. (SV)
Oldis, Katherine O.
Presents a bibliography of books on anorexia nervosa that are appropriate for young adults. Includes fiction, autobiographies, informational books, and books on the related topics of bulimia, bulimarexia, and therapy. (EL)
Bernhard Wunderlich grew up in Hitler's Germany and Communist East Germany before he fled to the United States and became a leading chemistry professor. This autobiography chronicles his passionate pursuit of science during the random turbulence of his life.
Post, Eda, 1983-
1930-ndate kuulsate Tarzani-filmide ahvist staar Cheeta on praegu ilmselt maailma vanim ahv (76-aastane) ning kirjastus Fourth Estate Ltd ilmutas anonüümse autori raamatu "Me Cheeta: The Autobiography" (336 lk)
New York: Springer, 2012 - (Belzen, J.), s. 167-184 ISBN 978-1-4614-1602-9 Institutional support: RVO:68081740 Keywords : psychology of religion * autobiography * theology * spirituality Subject RIV: AN - Psychology
Revised and expanded version of an autobiographical essay contributed to the volume "I Chose Liberty: Autobiographies of Contemporary Libertarians" (ed., Walter Block, 2010), collecting autobiographical notes from classical liberal / libertarian academics within economics, political science, law...
Laure DE NERVAUX
Full Text Available In his work L’Autobiographie en France, Philippe Lejeune famously declared that autobiography could only be found in prose:L’autobiographie est un récit en prose. (… [U]ne des données fondamentales de l’autobiographie (…, c’est que son auteur a l’intention de dire “la vérité" (opposée à la fiction; nous savons bien que cette “vérité”, il la dit avec tous les moyens de la fiction. Mais il faut que le lecteur puisse avoir l’impression de vraisemblance, de témoignage, qui est le propre du réc...
Samara Fernanda A. O. de Lócio e Silva Geske
Full Text Available Since the analysis the unfinished novel Le Premier Homme, this article intends to discuss the relevance of the autobiography narrative in the work of Camus and the tensions caused by the real with the fictional. In the novel, the childhood remembrances are the start point to the autobiography and at same time, it serves to the aesthetics of the narrative: this world of miseries and the sun turns the world of creation.
Full Text Available El autor destaca la importancia de la autobiografía popular anarquista española y propone un inventario provisorio.L’auteur attire l’attention sur l’importance de l’autobiographie populaire anarchiste espagnole et en propose un inventaire provisoire.The author draws attention onto working-class anarchist Spanish autobiography and proposes a temporary inventory of it.
Domines Veliki, Martina
The article departs from an assumption that in writing The Recluse Wordsworth wanted to present a single man’s life within the conventions of the classical epic thus elevating the genre of autobiography to the highest aesthetic status. His autobiographical endeavour is the result of secularization of the seventeenth- and eighteenth-century religious autobiographies grounded in the narrative of confession and conversion based on the literary models of Rousseau’s and St. Augustin...
A study of the former Irish president Eamon de Valera's self-narrative in his official autobiography as an illustration Alistair Thomson's theory of memory as 'composure' and as reflecting generational memory........A study of the former Irish president Eamon de Valera's self-narrative in his official autobiography as an illustration Alistair Thomson's theory of memory as 'composure' and as reflecting generational memory.....
علی اکبری/ کوچکیان علی اکبری/ کوچکیان
Literature as an art or science is of different kinds; and these kinds can constitute new systems. Novel is one of these different kinds of literature that is also divided to many different kinds. Autobiography is also a branch of literature that has its own features and characteristics. There are also many capabilities in these variations and in their combination with the other kinds. “Autobiography-Novel” is one of these compositions in literature that benefits from both novel and autobiogr...
“It is hard to believe that any group of comparable size, with the possible exception of the Puritans and the Quakers, has been as relentless as the Mormons in writing diaries and autobiographies.” So wrote Davis Bitton, in the Introduction of the 1977 publication Guide to Mormon Diaries and Autobiographies, an index of nearly 3,000 published and unpublished works. Bitton, a close friend and colleague of Mormon History Scholar Leonard Arrington worked with Arrington for decades to create “a...
Although now used for a wide range of functions such as education, marketing and political commentary, blogs were originally a space for narrating personal life stories and have much in common with autobiography and diary genres. This article examines (in)fertility blogs written by women trying to...
Seemingly chaotic to Western eyes, John Lame Deer's autobiography has a meaningful structure based on Lakota numerology and oral tradition. The book explores conflicts between White and Indian conceptions of identity and property, and sees itself as an instrument in the apocalyptic triumph of Indian spirituality over White greed. (SV)
Analyzes and contrasts Mill's "Autobiography" and Adams'"The Education of Henry Adams" in order to present two approaches to the nature of education and of failure. Maintains that their perspectives may serve as catalysts and cautions for contemporary theories of education and its utility and relevance. (CAM)
Written before the successful publication of Skellig (1998), David Almond's short story collection, "Counting Stars," has attracted less critical attention than his more famous novels. Falling between fiction and autobiography, the earlier short stories are more firmly grounded in realism than the novels, which feature elements of…
Tierney, William G.
This book, written in a narrative style that combines autobiography, case studies, and fiction, presents a picture of academic life as experienced by gay men and lesbian women. The way in which research has defined gay identity is the way lesbian and gay people are identified in the daily life of the university, and it looks to the university…
Kusnerz, Peggy A., Comp.; Pollack, Ann M., Comp.
This select bibliography lists books, monographs, journals and newsletters which relate to feminism, women's studies, and other perspectives on women. Selections are organized by topic: general, bibliographies, art and literature, biography/autobiography, economics, education, family and marriage, history, politics and sex roles. Also included is…
Engaging emotions in multicultural education is an important but a relatively neglected issue in teacher education. This essay calls for pedagogical attention to the role of emotions and attempts to analyze how teaching autobiographies and films sheds light on the emotional dynamics of multicultural education. Two films, "The Color of Fear", and…
Full Text Available Article submits documents, materials and works of art unknown to the general scientific community, allowing to study E. A. Afanasyeva's creativity. On the basis of its autobiography authors of article tried to make her complete picture vital and a career.
Social Education, 1983
Written primarily for children in grades K-8, the books selected for this annotated bibliography emphasize human relations. Books on U.S. history and culture, world history and culture, contemporary interests and controversies, understanding oneself and others, and religion, as well as biographies, autobiographies, folktales, and legends are…
Johnson, Michael K.
Aboard a train heading out of Minneapolis toward frontier North Dakota, Era Bell Thompson in her autobiography "American Daughter" (1946) describes a landscape that grows steadily bleaker with each mile farther west: "Suddenly there was snow--miles and miles of dull, white snow, stretching out to meet the heavy, gray sky; deep banks of snow…
Vasilis Papageorgiou: The Art of Researching • 4 Päivi Kosonen: Creative Autobiography, from Self-Knowledge to the Teaching of Writing • 14Martin Stoll: The Precondition of Creative Work • 46Amir Or: On Editing and Feedback in the Poetry Workshop • 63Johanna Pentikäinen: Elokuvat luokka ja Freedom Writers kirjoittamisen kuvauksina ja reflection osana • 82
Roč. 24, č. 50 (2014), s. 166-185. ISSN 0862-8440 Institutional support: RVO:68378068 Keywords : Dietrich, Luc * Daumal, René * del Vasto, Lanza * The Great Game * autobiography * French literature Subject RIV: AJ - Letters, Mass-media, Audiovision
Roč. 74, č. 3 (2013), s. 211-220. ISSN 0037-7031 R&D Projects: GA ČR GAP406/12/1829 Institutional support: RVO:68378092 Keywords : multilingualism * language autobiography * biographic method * literary multilingualism * semantic and compositional text structure * text ual heterogeneity * aesthetic function * language humor Subject RIV: AI - Linguistics Impact factor: 0.133, year: 2013
This essay outlines how the book, "Paths to Discovery: Autobiographies from Chicanas with Careers in Science, Mathematics, and Engineering" (Cantu, 2008) came about. I then use "testimonio" theory to analyze the narratives in this book as the data of a qualitative study, and I describe the general themes that the analysis highlights. I scrutinize…
Wright, Michelle; Gray, Tonia
Being a woman in the outdoor learning profession can bring distinctive challenges and roadblocks. Even more difficult is sustaining a life-long career, flourishing into a woman's 50s or 60s. Based on this premise, career longevity seems elusive for some women who aspire to work in the outdoors. This paper analyses the autobiographies of three…
Ward, Daniel, Ed.
Articles are included on such issues as the following: heritage languages; the psychology of language; the Voice of America broadcasts; dual language programs; linguistic autobiography in the language classroom; pronunciation; electronic education; dialects; world languages; bilingual education; language travel; language structure; conceptual…
MacLay, G J; Milonni, P W; Fearn, Heidi; Milonni, Peter W.
In his autobiography Casimir barely mentioned the Casimir effect, but remarked that it is "of some theortical significance." We will describe some aspects of Casimir effects that appear to be of particular significance now, more than half a century after Casimir's famous paper.
Brno: Tribun EU, 2013 - (Pospíšil, I.; Zelenková, A.), s. 121-132 ISBN 978-80-263-0385-5 Institutional support: RVO:68378017 Keywords : Tatarka, Dominik * Tapings * Slovak modernism * autobiography * cultural memory Subject RIV: AJ - Letters, Mass-media, Audiovision
This paper focuses on similarities in the lives of Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky to enlighten study of their pedagogies and to provide some information for current classroom techniques. Neither man had a great deal to say about his early life, although Piaget published an autobiography. A number of primary sources were used to construct the…
The exit of approximately 2,000 Vietnamese orphans in April 1975 through Operation Babylift is a key part of Vietnam War debates. The Babylift volunteers, American women who aided with the children's evacuation, published autobiographies of their involvement and publicly commemorated the history. This article uses pedagogy, collective memory, and…
Nelson Mandela's autobiography "The Long Walk to Freedom" describes how an iconic political activist and freedom fighter reflected on, and sometimes modified, four core assumptions at the heart of his struggle to overturn the White supremacist, minority hegemony and create a free South Africa. Critical reflection's focus is on understanding the…
Smith, Louis M.
This autobiographical paper describes the teaching of an adjunct faculty member at Washington University in Saint Louis, Missouri, and the doctoral and postdoctoral students he taught. The paper discusses the author's study of the area of biography and autobiography; the use of ethnography, history, and biography in qualitative research; the…
Tran, Trang Thi Thu; Moni, Karen
This study investigated EFL students' and teachers' perspectives and experiences of managing foreign language anxiety (FLA). Data were obtained from 49 student autobiographies, 18 student interviews, 8 teacher interviews and 351 student responses to an open-ended question. Content analysis was used to analyse the data with the use of NVivo. A…
Rogers, Theresa; Tyson, Cynthia; Enciso, Patricia; Marshall, Elizabeth; Jenkins, Christine; Brown, Jacqueline; Core, Elizabeth; Cordova, Carmen; Youngsteadt-Parish, Denise; Robinson, Dwan
Presents a short dialogue on issues of representing children's literature for a wider audience, regarding "Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone." Discusses a featured book and offers brief descriptions of 5 picture books and informational texts, and 6 autobiographies, discussing them in tandem with 15 landmark children's books. (SR)
He, Ye; Cooper, Jewell E.
In an effort to combine pre-service teachers' self-reflection with their field experiences to enhance their cultural competency, this study adopted Schmidt's ABC's (Autobiography, Biography, and Cross-cultural Comparison) Model in two courses in a pre-service teacher education program. Through group comparisons, this study measured the impact that…
Siegel, Matthew Philip
Given sources such as autobiography, theory, and research, there is reason to believe that there are emotional consequences to White people's racial outlooks. White racial identity theory (Helms, 1990) describes how various emotions could be related to White people's psychological orientation to their racial group. Yet little empirical evidence…
Mendoza, Natasha S.; Bonta, Kimberly; Horn, Philip; Moore, Erin; Gibson, Allison; Simmons, David
The use of fiction and autobiography in social science course work has been shown to enhance students' learning experience. Using the novel PUSH, by Sapphire, we designed a curriculum supplement for the social work course, human behavior and the social environment (HBSE) that encourages students to integrate course content in an innovative way and…
The article analyzes the portrayal of the male perpetrator of heterosexual domestic violence in a selection of contemporary Spanish texts (novel, drama, and autobiography) that form part of a clearly discernible cultural response to the issue of intimate partner violence in Spain today. It reads the figure of the abuser in conjunction with a range…
Ridinger, Robert B.
Over 120 bibliographies and other reference sources relevant to women's studies are identified in this annotated listing. Subjects include feminist scholarship, women in management, popular culture, autobiographies, other cultures and countries, history, lesbian women, women's education, the arts, politics, and rape. In addition to author, title,…
Kim Morgan; Faye
@@ 1. Drew Barrymore How could we not include our little Drew? Though now on top as one of America's sweethearts,her lineage1 of theatrical and cinematic royalty is the quintessence2 of the live fast, die young kiddo3. Thankfully, she lived."Little Girl Lost" is the title of her autobiography and boy was she ever.
R.M. Dekker (Rudolf)
textabstractDutch historian Jacques Presser used the term “egodocuments” to describe a range of autobiographical materials, including diaries, memoirs, and wills— the stuff we have been calling “life writing”—to signal its distance from earlier notions of what constituted autobiography. “Egodocument
Discusses emerging characteristics of early adolescents from a Montessorian perspective. Considers adolescents' revelations related to cosmic education, their need to serve, their need to think and to feel, and their need to know the cosmos through finding one's place in it. Discusses samples from students' cosmic autobiographies. (KB)
Conceptualizing learners' individuality as dynamic and contextually situated, this paper reports on an inquiry that examined the genesis of a disabled learner's success in learning foreign languages on the Chinese mainland. Using source texts such as the learner's published diaries, letters and her autobiography, the inquiry revealed that language…
Zeidman, Lawrence A; Kondziella, Daniel
all, of his Nazi memberships in his autobiography, and wrote 2 books exploring the origins of Nazism and racial hygiene. The "neurologic court of opinion" must weigh in on how we should best remember Becker, and at the very least, we as neurologists must learn the dangers of career opportunism at any...
Fleming, Robben W.
This autobiography recounts personal experiences as a college professor and administrator (President of the University of Michigan) during the 1960s to the early 1980s. The 17 chapters discuss early years growing up in Illinois; college years; employment with the federal government; enlistment in the Army; the war in Germany; the end of the war,…
Griffin, Shelley M.; Beatty, Rodger J.
As two faculty members in a Canadian post-secondary teacher education context, the authors inquired into their collaborative writing process initiated through an informal faculty mentoring relationship. Situating their writing in the discourses of personal practical knowledge, social constructionism, narrative inquiry, and autobiography grounds…
Vakirtzi, Eva; Bayliss, Phil
The remarkable increase in diagnoses of autism has paralleled an increase in scientific research and turned the syndrome into a kind of a new "trend" within psychiatric and developmental conditions of childhood. At the same time, discursive technologies, such as DSM-IV, autobiographies, movies, fiction, etc., together with…
Rosteck, Thomas; Frentz, Thomas S.
Contesting interpretations of "An Inconvenient Truth" that treat it as political jeremiad, autobiography, or science documentary, we contextualize the film within Joseph Campbell's monomyth and argue that its rhetorical efficacy arises in part because Al Gore's personal transformation animates the documentary footage with jeremiad advocacy. In…
Johnston, Basil H.
This autobiography relates the experiences of a young Ojibway boy who was taken from his family in 1939 at age 10 and placed in a Jesuit boarding school in northern Ontario, Canada. St. Peter Claver (later Garnier) or "Spanish," as the Indian school was known, was home to approximately 135 boys. Most of the students, who ranged in age from 4 to…
In the past decade, language memoirs, linguistic autobiographies, and learners' journals and diaries have become a popular means of data collection in applied linguistics. It is not always clear however how one should go about analyzing these data. The aim of this paper is to offer a critical review of analytical frameworks applied to second…
Stewart, Julia Aguilar; Santiago, Karen A.
This article discusses the use of Esmeralda Santiago's autobiography "When I Was Puerto Rican" (1994b) as the foundation for an experiential learning project that brought two language communities: suburban college students studying intermediate Spanish and urban Puerto Rican students in an English-as-a-second-language (ESL) class. The researchers…
Müller, Anders Riel; Tonami, Aki
This paper ask the question of what makes Low Carbon and Green Growth and Low Carbon Society policy concepts that have not only gained foothold in their countries of origin, but also globally. Autobiography analysis is employed to discover the stories that these concepts tell about developmental ...
Vanderwal Taylor, Jolanda
Many of today's Dutch writers were children during World War II. Even today, the traumatic childhood experience of enemy occupation is still central to the work of many of them. This interest cuts across the traditional boundaries between fiction, autobiography and the literature of trauma and recov
Sarmiento-Arribalzaga, Matilde A.; Murillo, Luz A.
In this paper, we describe how language "autobiographies" are used in a teacher preparation program (TEP) as a healing pedagogy to understand the impact longstanding traditions of symbolic violence in education have had on Latino students who are in the process of becoming teachers. Writing about themselves and their education experience allows…
Describes the work of Friends of the Children of Mississippi, a Head Start program which began in the late 1960s and for which the author was hired to develop Black history materials for teacher training. Presents excerpts from the autobiographies of several Black women trainees in the program. (GC)
Full Text Available Cordula Mahr ermöglicht mit ihrer Untersuchung von 70 Autobiographien deutscher Frauen einen Blick auf die „Heimatfront“, ein Blick, der bisher in einer vornehmlich männlich besetzten Kriegsliteratur, die Krieg in erster Linie als Fronterlebnis definiert, vernachlässigt wurde. Die Autorin konzentriert sich auf die Passagen der Autobiographien, die sich direkt auf den Zweiten Weltkrieg beziehen, und berücksichtigt ausschließlich nach 1960 erschienene Texte. In den Darstellungen überwiegt in Bezug auf den Krieg und den Nationalsozialismus das Selbstverständnis als Geschädigte und Leidtragende. Nur sieben Frauen schreiben in ihren Autobiographien auch ihre „Geschichte des Mitmachens”. Mahrs Untersuchung gibt gerade durch diese Auffälligkeit Anlass, auch über formale Strukturmerkmale der Autobiographie nachzudenken, z. B. darüber, ob diese eventuell eine Selbstdarstellung als Opfer begünstigen.Cordula Mahr’s examination of 70 autobiographies of German women provides insight into the “home front,” insight that till now has been neglected in male-dominated war literature, which defines war first and foremost as an experience of the front. The author concentrates on passages in autobiographies that refer to the World War II directly and takes into account only those texts that appeared before 1960. Self-images as the marred and the suffering woman with respect to war and to National Socialism dominate the descriptions. Only seven women include their own “history of participation” in their autobiographies. Mahr’s study also incites a consideration of the formal structural features of the autobiography, for example, whether the structures may potentially aid the construction of a self-portrait as victim.
Bonde, Lars Ole
In the music therapy masters program at Aalborg University (Denmark) Music and Identity is a short, intensive course, based on a musical autobiography written by each participating student. Since 1999 almost 100 students have written a narrative of their musical life story. This article will focus...... on contributions from students participating from 2010-12 (n=21). Musical autobiographies have been analyzed (a) using the theoretical model of Even Ruud (1997, 1998), (b) as thematic analysis (Braun & Clark 2006), (c) using RepGrid, a qualitative research methodology based on George Kelly’s Personal...... Construct Theory (Abrams & Meadows 2005). Patterns of identity construction are presented, and the roles and functions of music in different stages of life discussed, including the self-reported influence of music on the students' health....
Full Text Available Narrative historians have long exhibited greater or lesser awareness of their own agency as authors, where absolute objectivity is precluded. Indeed, historians' reports of the past include their own orientations or attitudes, which can also be examined in historians' autobiographies. In this article we present a study in which a questionnaire was used to ask historians about their orientations toward their subject matter. How do historians approach their work as agents and what might this reveal about the nature of historical production? In our model, we have distinguished four criteria, sorted the answers using statistical analysis and weighed the results in the light of our expectations. Indeed, by exploring historians' presuppositions (exemplified in examining historians' autobiographies, historical production can be seen as an institutional process also steered by historians' orientations and agency with important philosophical implications for the integral relationship between historians' public and private roles.
This book is an autobiography by the 1977 Nobel Prize Winner for Physics. It spans a period of extensive development in physics, such as the beginning of quantum mechanics and its subsequent applications to solid-state physics. The author reveals his insights that have advanced microelectronics, computers and telecommunications and explains his views on issues such as the role of religion for scientists and the nuclear weapons debate
Full Text Available Autoethnography is an approach to research and writing that seeks to describe and systematically analyze personal experience in order to understand cultural experience. This approach challenges canonical ways of doing research and representing others and treats research as a political, socially-just and socially-conscious act. A researcher uses tenets of autobiography and ethnography to do and write autoethnography. Thus, as a method, autoethnography is both process and product.
Clinkman, Daniel Edward
In his autobiography, Thomas Jefferson argued that his goal in the American Revolution had been to eliminate “feudal and unnatural distinctions” in colonial American society as part of the struggle for independence. This thesis focuses on Jefferson’s years as a revolutionary legislator in the new state of Virginia, and argues that while he was correct in labelling Virginia a feudal society, his reforms were insufficient to the scale of social reformation that he identified. Materi...
Marlo Goldstein Hode
This paper explores the complexities, issues, and challenges of neurologically mixed romantic relationships; specifically focusing on relationships in which one partner is diagnosed with Asperger’s syndrome. Using a narrative approach to data drawn from online discussion boards, blogs, autobiographies, and research articles, the findings are presented in the form of a narrative reconstruction. Reconstructing data into a fictional, non-traceable format is a fruitful method of attending to the ...
Kameshwar C Wali
Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, known simply as Chandra in the scientiﬁc world, is one of the foremost scientists of the 20th century. In celebrating his birth centenary, I present a biographical portrait of an extraordinary, but a highly private individual unknown to the world at large. Drawing upon his own ``A Scientiﬁc Autobiography,” I reﬂect upon his legacy as a scientist and a great human being.
Sources primaires — Romans et AutobiographieVoir la liste des abréviations. — Essais French Ways and Their Meanings. New York, Appleton, 1919. The Writing of Fiction, New York, Scribner’s, 1924. — TraductionsLes Mœurs françaises et comment les comprendre. Traduit par Jean Pavans, Paris, Payot & Rivages, 1999. Sources secondaires — Articles et ouvrages critiques (liste sélective) Ammons (Elizabeth), «...
Debolsky M.G.; Ogor A.Y.
This article deal with a theoretical overview of the problem of early recollections and self-esteem criminals. Discussed issues are considered within the concept of Alfred Adler. A. Adler said that the earliest memories - is the starting point of an autobiography, which traced the first assessment itself, which is the basis of self-esteem and life style. Has been hypothesized about the existence correlation between the content of early recollections and self-esteem, which is a preconditio...
This article makes use of memoirs, autobiographies and oral interviews in order to consider the relations between the Catholic, Jewish and Protestant communities in the Gorbals. While there was considerable variation in individual experience, there were also particular occasions where inter-ethnic relations were all too predictable, almost following a ‘calendar of conflict’. The article shows that, while there was a degree of anti-Semitism in the area, integration between the Jewish and non-J...
Minde, Emma; Ahenakew, Freda, Ed.; Wolfart, H. C., Ed.
Emma Minde (nee Memnook)was born in 1907 in Saddle Lake, Alberta. In 1927 she was given by her father in an arranged marriage to Joe Minde, who lived in Hobbema, Alberta. In this recorded autobiography taped in 1988 when she was 81 years old, little is said about her parents and her life as a child other than that she spent 7 years at a…
This article presents the literary accomplishments of Polish nuns in the 17th and 18th centuries. These cloistered writings experienced their height of development at The Order of the Carmelite Nuns in Cracow. Literature was also a pursuit of the female Benedictines of the Chełmno congregation, the female Bernardines, Poor Clares, Sisters of St. Norbert’s Order, and Sisters of the Visitation. The nuns dealt in the writing of chronicles autobiographies, prayers, conferences, spi...
Catalina Cortés Severino
Full Text Available The name Siena/Ga (Siena-Ciénaga refers to the liminal, in-between space within which this autobiography develops. The common thread and axis of this visual work are the stories of displacement, relocation and settlement of my grandmother, mother, sisters, and me. These stories narrate how these places have been inhabited and longed for, and how the different female subjectivities and intersubjectivities have taken shape through the spiral passage of time.
Summers, W C
Hans Zinsser, president of the Society of American Bacteriologists in 1926, was known as much for his literary and textbook writing as for his scientific contributions. He was a widely known scientist and person of letters. His early interests in poetry and other forms of literature were maintained and developed during his career as a microbiologist, and his most enduring legacy is based on his writing about microbiology for a general readership as well as his reflective and philosophical autobiography. PMID:11049165
A. N. Kravtsov
The article will provide an overview of current state of international cooperation in Russian émigré ego-documentary scientific study. The conception of ego-documentary includes memories, memoirs, biographies, autobiographies, letters and diaries, and makes reference to the European philological and historical science in the beginning, and gradually accepted by the Russian scientific community. Theoretical base in studying the memoirs was developed in Soviet era. But practical study of ego-do...
Ross, Marlon B.
When Ernest Gaines chooses a woman as the individual subject for collective memorialization and the ideal medium of racial memory in his 1971 novel, The Autobiography of Miss Jane Pittman, he participates in a significant but overlooked genre of black masculine discourse, the composition of black authorship as historical/national authority through the voice and viewpoint of a female protagonist. This cross-gendering of the racial imaginary, introjecting a male vision of racial collectivity an...
In this paper the author draws on Primo Levi's problematic use of biographic narrative techniques by means of a systematic and symbolic co-ordination of a selection of 21 inorganic elements pertaining to Mendeleyev's periodic table. By exploring the mechanisms of remembrance and trauma in conjunction with chemistry and the necessities of testimony, the author argues that Primo Levi's collection of vignettes both reaffirms and challenges modern conceptions of autobiography. The author applies ...
This chapter is looking at Italian writer Primo Levi’s most original work Il sistema periodico (1975), translated in English as The Periodic Table (1995), which engages in a fascinating manner with the overlapping spheres of (auto)biography, memoir, poetical myth and fiction. This compelling literary hybrid mingles landmarks of personal pre- and post-WWII experience with significant fictitious tales, mapped around elements of Mendeleev’s periodic table.The concept that binds all twenty one st...
In this paper, we will look at two important voices in contemporary psychoanalysis, Didier Anzieu and Christopher Bollas, who from a theoretical perspective have tried to devise new genres to express their thinking. The result of this is hybrid texts that com-bine autobiography, essay, case study, fiction, comedy and poetry. In their theoretical work, Anzieu and Bollas have examined creativity and processes of thinking, predomi-nantly from the perspective of object-relations psychoanalysis, a...
Tung, Shirley Ferro
A Self-Reflexive Journey examines real-life, published accounts of populareighteenth-century travelers as a novel form of creative autobiography in which lived experience is translated as narrative experiment. As a subset of life-writing, the travelogue provides the occasion for authors to self-fashion their identities as traveling subjects and attempt to reconcile their personal and national identities with constant exposure to foreign customs and modes of thought. I argue that figurative an...
Widespread atheism in the general population is one of the defining characteristics of twentieth-century British society, yet until very recently, it has largely been unregarded by historians. This study attempts to contribute to the remedy of this omission by considering autobiographies and oral histories of non-elite atheists between 1890 and 1980. It shows that atheisation (the transition from religious belief to atheism) is principally a phenomenon of childhood and adolescence, with 80% o...
When, on 17 November 1868, Anthony Trollope came bottom of the poll at Beverley in Yorkshire, his cherished ambition to become a Liberal MP was at an end. He had advocated the key elements of the liberal program – Irish Church disestablishment and national education – but this mattered little in a notoriously corrupt borough which was shortly to be stripped of its representation (Tingay). He later explained in his Autobiography (1883) that since he was deprived of a parliamentary seat, he ins...
Theories are tools with which we critically analyze society‟s structure and understand experiences that are not our own. When theories no longer describe the narratives that they claim, we must update them. This thesis proposes to do just that. The trans theories of J. Halberstam and Jay Prosser will be analyzed using ten autobiographies written by self-identified FTM transsexuals and transmen. Prosser and Halberstam are two well-known theorists in the field of trans theory. J. Halberstam app...
This fascinating autobiography and multifaceted case history in neuroscience research is accessible to laymen and potentially instructive to working scientists. Kandel takes the reader through his thought processes as he describes experiments that led to some of the past decades' major neuroscience discoveries (some highlights of which are summarized in the review's Appendix), and eventually to his Nobel Prize. The review analyzes some of the terminological and conceptual issues that have oft...
I cover my life and career, first in Holland during World War II and then in Pasadena, California, after we emigrated in 1959. My main work concerned the rate of star formation and the discovery of quasars and their cosmological evolution. It's a great honor to write an essay for this volume of the Annual Review of Astronomy and Astrophysics. It is primarily an autobiography with an attempt to link my own career to some of the major developments in astronomy.
Álvarez Calleja, María Antonia
According to Henry James's biographers, there was a clear sibling rivalry between him and his brother. The young Henry could not compete with William because of his own mild character, nor accompany him in the boys' games, always presided by his eider brother. The novelist could yet remember, at the end of his life, William's insult: "I play with boys who curse and swear," while with a mixture of affection and praise, describes the philosopher in his autobiography as a distant and elusive ...
Gillmor, C. Stewart
Maurice Wilkes is generally known today as the first professor of computers at Cambridge University (Cambridge, U. K. ), director of the Mathematical Laboratory (later Computer Laboratory) there, and designer of the Electronic Delay Storage Automatic Calculator (EDSAC) computer, the first operational machine to utilize the concept of stored program. His autobiography, Memoirs of a Computer Pioneer, should be of interest to geophysicists for at least several reasons.
Carmina Pascual Baños
Abstract: The focus of this paper is my own Life History as teacher educator of Physical Education teachers within a postmodernist orientation. Throughout the analysis of personal and academic documents (autobiography, published papers, journal, doctoral dissertation and courses plans) I’ll try to explain my personal and professional development, their context and circunstances.Resumen: Este artículo se centra en mi propia Historia de vida como educadora de profesores de Educación Física desd...
This article takes a close look at Towards Reflective Teach-ing, by Jack C. Richards. His article first explains what reflec-tive teaching is, and then presents the various reflective ap-proaches such as peer observation, self-reports, auto-biographies, journals and collaborative diary keeping. This arti-cle then goes on and draws from actual teaching experience toconclude that these approaches are extremely useful for the im-provement of foreign language teaching.
The postmodernist writer needs to be autobiographical; but autobiography, for him, has changed its meaning. Especially the "marginal" problems of the text acquire autobiographical importance, editorial questions, publication procedures, and the intellectual and emotional feedback offered by literary reviews shape the authors life and became part of his further fictional endeavors. It is in this "autobiographical" sense, that John Hawkes can be considered a postmodern writer. Ever since he sta...
Albert Pierrepoint was Britain’s most famous 20th-century hangman. This article utilises diverse sources in order to chart his public representation, or cultural persona, as hangman from his rise to prominence in the mid-1940s to his portrayal in the biopic Pierrepoint(2005). It argues that Pierrepoint exercised agency in shaping this persona through publishing his autobiography and engagement with the media, although there were also representations that he did not influence. In particular, i...
The purpose of this paper is elucidation of narrative theory in Bruner. Bruner has made suggests to develop education and psychology from the proposed new look psychology. And, he insisted on the cultural psychology mainly composed of "Meaning" and "Culture" as a pragmatist, and emphasized the function of narrative. The achievements are evaluated as a pioneer in the times of the qualitative psychology. Various styles, such as a story, dialog, narration, autobiography, diary, and record, are i...
This study examined the formation process of the education theory of Bruner from his autobiography. In this paper, I focus on After World War Ⅱ . After the war, he began again the study of psychology. The main point of view, was the world of psychology called World Three. It is, in psychology with a focus on culture, Bruner was studied this. This paper examined the relationship between Bruner and World Three.
Uutest plaatidest Marillion "Marbles", "The Prodigy", Massive Attack "Danny The Dog", Metallica "Some Kind Of Monster", Rammstein "Reise, Reise", Ahlee Simpson "Autobiography", Robbie Williams "Greatest Hits", Freestyles "Rawas F**K", "Michael Moore: Fahrenheit 9/11", Marilyn Manson "Lest We Forget", Gregorian "the Dark Side", Kool & The Kang "The Hits", Dream Theater "Live At Budokan", Feist "Let It Die", Compay Segundo, depeche Mode "Remixes", Bryan Adams "Room Service", mark Knopfler "Shangri La", Alfie "Soundtrack", Brian Wilson "Smile"
The Petroleum History Bibliography includes a list of more than 2,000 publications that record the history of the Canadian petroleum industry. The list includes books, theses, films, audio tapes, published articles, company histories, biographies, autobiographies, fiction, poetry, humour, and an author index. It was created over a period of several years to help with projects at the Petroleum History Society. It is an ongoing piece of work, and as such, invites comments and additions.
Women were active participants in the Naxalite movement of the 1960s and 1970s in India but were made invisible in the mainstream historiography of the movement. However, memoirs and autobiographies of women Naxalites bring out their experiences of participation in the movement. This paper engages with the memoirs of two of them, K. Ajitha and Krishna Bandyopadhyay, and argues that these women demonstrate a non-sovereign agency in self-making through these autobiographical narratives.
The article Memories sung in words – singers’ autobiographies aims at identifying main topics and patterns present in autobiographical writings of classical singers. Discovering of vocal talent and musicality, desire to become a singer, role of voice teachers and mentors (conductors, stage directors etc.), highlights of the career, fears and failures, vocal crises, dealing with criticism and negative judgements, daily routines aimed on vocal fitness, balancing private and profe...
Davi F. Schreiner; Ivonete Pereira
The present research aims to analyze the social construction of subjectivity, as regarding the means of living through and interpreting social relations, and attributing meaning to individual or collective practices. The point of departure is Josef Umann’s autobiography: “Memories of a Bohemian Immigrant”. The narrative consists on the author’s experiences as a young man, his emigration from south Bohemia to south Brazil and his role on foundation of a new community: the colony of Santa Ce...
Kornai's autobiography presents an interesting perspective of the intellectual environment of a Central European country of real socialism such as Hungary, from the Stalinist after-war years to the progressively more relaxed, but still constraining, atmosphere of the sixties and later. Of specific interest for the economist is Kornai's inside witness of the actual functioning of a “real” socialist planned economy, and of the political processes related to it. In the intellectual side of the a...
This article provides a series of close readings of Barack Obama’s autobiography Dreams from My Father. It places the narrative within the history of African American literature and rhetoric and argues that Obama uses the text to create a life story that resonates with central concepts of African American selfhood and black male identity, including double consciousness, invisibility, and black nationalism. The article reads Dreams from My Father as an attempt to arrive at a state of “function...
Щербицька, Владислава Володимирівна
This article examines the expression of gender on the thematic level in the autobiographical work of the XXI century. In the course of analysis of the literary text common thematic blocks of memories and specific one to men or women were identified .Common thematic blocks of memories are of particular interest in autobiographies because they clearly manifested gender. Also, the identification of gender-based thematic division of the text gives an indication of the dominant themes in the women...
This article uses spatial analysis to explore the nature of child labour in colonial Ghana (the Gold Coast). Spatial analysis of traditional archival sources and secondary literature demonstrates that our historical knowledge of child labour is narrowly focused on the colony’s most ‘colonial’ spaces and institutions. This article uses a novel set of sources – primarily autobiographies and probation records – to begin filling in the epistemological void surrounding the use of child labour in t...
Despite the intense critical interest in the body, we remain firmly within the aesthetics that we have inherited from the nineteenth century in which only two senses, vision and hearing, are considered. In an attempt to redress the neglect of the sense of smell in criticism, the article examines the olfactory landscapes in Toni Morrison’s Sula (1973), Jamaica Kincaid’s The Autobiography of My Mother (1996), and Jeanette Winterson’s Written on the Body (1992), to show how the...
Pandita Ramabai provides an instructively complex example for a transcultural biography, a life extending over different and distant cultural spaces, times and practices. After travelling around India, from south to north, east to west, in the function of an itinerary religious story reciter, she went and lived in England, spent two years in America, returned and settled in India. In the process of living across countries, Ramabai converted to Christianity, yet her autobiography documents tha...
My dissertation uses close readings of four texts dealing with the actress, spanning the naturalist novel (Zola’s Nana, 1880, and Edmond de Goncourt’s La Faustin, 1882), autobiography (Sarah Bernhardt’s Ma double vie, 1907) and autobiographical fiction (Colette’s La Vagabonde, 1910), in order to examine late nineteenth-century representations (and self-representations) of the actress in relation to the discourse of hysteria. I argue that in late nineteenth and early twentieth-century France, ...
Full Text Available The Seventies witnessed a renewed scientific interest in the literary genre of autobiography, even by researchers in disciplinary areas not strictly philological or literary. But, if often autobiographical narrative is used as a legitimation of a personal choice – especially in ethical and political realm – in the most recent works, the resurgence of “women’s pages” and the concomitant successful researches by scholars in different fields (history, education, and literature have made their way to a reformulation of the value of the autobiography itself, not only as a meta-historical issue led to the formation of a national identity, but increasingly as a powerful key to introspection. Once women have become masters in this literary genre, autobiographies have become instruments to capture the inner self and categories have largely diverted to a more intimate life, in a space apart to better hear themselves. Interest in the autobiographies was born under this gender difference: descending into the abyss of the female autobiographical writings can illuminate parts of real life, guess censorship, look closely at the passing of everyday experience. The writer’s life is moving in this complex space, a place where desires for personal fulfillment usually fight against family responsibilities and social engagements, with traditional educational models and new projects for the future. Acting in this context is not simple, nor easy, because sometimes the strategies that women still represent are defined as coercive, more as resignations than options. The autobiographies analyzed in the essays that follow, give us examples of rebellion and revolt – more or less openly – put into action not to resign to inequality, especially when not only social rules refer to ways and times exclusively male, but when this injustice is seen in its full tragic sense. Then, rebellion in deeds and words is unavoidable and necessary. Received: 27
Abstract Hassan Najmi´s novel Gīrtrūd represents an example of the postmodern novel with its transtextual characters expressed fictionally. Hassan Najmi transforms the one-dimensional flat character, Mohammed, in Gertrude Stein´s The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas into a three-dimensional dynamic...... postmodern novel, Hassan Najmi´s Gīrtrūd, narrates the story of Moroccan fiction in its complex relation to Western literature. Keywords: novel, fiction, postmodernity, narrative game, bilingual identity...
Abstract This thesis examines the actor Ellen Terry's construction of her own female identity through analysis of critics' writings of her, her own writing in her autobiography The Story of My Life (1908) and how she is depicted in three photographs and one oil sketch. Terry's construction of self is compared to Henry James's construction of a female actor in his novel The Tragic Muse (1890) and how he writes a figure that functions as an actor at every textual level. The blurred lines be...
Adriana Virginia Bonatto
Full Text Available Visto al pasar. República, guerra y exilio is the autobiographical story of a woman from the Republican faction who was driven to permanent exile in Argentina after the Spanish Civil War. The documentary value of her book resides not only in its detailed reconstruction of life and habits during the years of the war, but also in the experiences of Carmen García Antón with world-wide known writers and artists. Moreover, the book invites a reflection on the strategies to legitimize and construct the subject's identity in contemporary Autobiography.
Siridia Fuertes Trigal
Nowadays, the genres are not as delimited as they use to be. In Javier Marias and Enrique Vila-Matas's novels, there is continuous reflection on the role of the author, as well as on life and literature (autobiography, essay and fiction). Padilla, a member of the group of ?Mexican Crack?, chooses both Spaniers as models. In both novels Amphitryon or Espiral de artillería there are commons traits with the novels of Marías and Vila-Matas. In this paper my aim is to analyse the relationship betw...
Dawes, Ian W
Retrospective articles are an excuse for a rosy tinted view of one's life. This fully expurgated version is no exception. No "what the butler saw" or the vilification of enemies that one finds in political autobiographies - merely the account of one born to a generation of those whose forebears never had the chance to go to university and enjoy the subsequent fruits of that education - and of one who by chance stumbled into the world of yeast genetics and molecular biology, who had a lot of fun on the way and who never sought to leave it. PMID:27189365
Ana Amélia Coelho
Full Text Available This article reflects on some critical attitudes adopted by the critic and theorist Philippe Lejeune in his early works, L'autobiographie en France and Le pacte autobiographique, especially in relation to one of his objects of study: the Confessions of Rousseau. I seek to perceive how the critic first identifies himself with the literary object and then distances himself from it. At the same time I try to relate Lejeune's critical attitudes to some of the theoretical reflections on his critical work. Both processes of identification and of critical distance will be studied here through the figuration of the reader.
Wendling, Cathy Anne
The current article discusses the author's study of the evolution of the subjective perception of the relationship between physicians and breast cancer patients during recent decades. The article is based on 18 testimonials, mainly autobiographies dating from 1975-2008, which provide relevant information about the psychological experience of breast cancer care. The pathographies show that many patients nowadays still have an intensely negative perception of their therapeutic interactions with health care professionals, which may have a detrimental effect on their affective states, immunity, and outcomes. PMID:26878680
Dr. Necati TONGA
Narration is one of the outstanding needs of humankind. The activity of narration is encountered in two ways in social life as oral and written narration.Novel, theater, letter, essay, travel critic, biography, autobiography, recollection… are some of the literary types appeared as the result of the need for narration. Story is one of these literary types. Story and its kinds are characterized with different word or words both in the west and east.In this study, we will try to discuss the wor...
Dr. Necati TONGA
Full Text Available Narration is one of the outstanding needs of humankind. The activity of narration is encountered in two ways in social life as oral and written narration.Novel, theater, letter, essay, travel critic, biography, autobiography, recollection… are some of the literary types appeared as the result of the need for narration. Story is one of these literary types. Story and its kinds are characterized with different word or words both in the west and east.In this study, we will try to discuss the word story which has various categories in terms of meanings with a terminological approach.
Carolina Anglada de Rezende
Full Text Available In position of the extensive discussion about the autobiography and its questioned status as a literary genre, this article aims to discuss the comparative gesture and his autobiographical traces in the works of two writers who, each in his own way, break the protocol associated with the writings of the self. In the foreground, it is the work A idade viril of Michel Leiris, in which writing, confession, memories and dreams merge, which will be compared to Photomaton & Vox, meeting of essays, reviews, poems and reports of the portuguese poet Herbert Helder.
Roy David Frankel
Full Text Available In position of the extensive discussion about the autobiography and its questioned status as a literary genre, this article aims to discuss the comparative gesture and his autobiographical traces in the works of two writers who, each in his own way, break the protocol associated with the writings of the self. In the foreground, it is the work A idade viril of Michel Leiris, in which writing, confession, memories and dreams merge, which will be compared to Photomaton & Vox, meeting of essays, reviews, poems and reports of the portuguese poet Herbert Helder.
Duran López, Fernando
Full Text Available The brief autobiography written by José Cadalso in 1773, unknown until its discovery in 1967, has driven to some interpretations in many different and contradictory ways. This work has a great importance in order to describe Cadalso's personality, and it presuposes also an unique testimonial on the Spanish autobiographical literature of the eigteenth century. This paper aims at making a critical revision of the different readings included in that little work and try to study not only its style and structure, but also its selection of the biographical information found in the memoirs and its consecuent development. The conclusion is that Cadalso's work is an early autobiography in a modern sense, introspective and full OS moral and psychological preoccupations. This autobiography takes a distance from the rest of Spanish modern autobiographies in the fact of being a work written in Cadalso's young years, in the middle of incertitudes to the future and not with the intention of making an overview of his past life.La breve autobiografía de José Cadalso, escrita en 1773 y desconocida hasta su descubrimiento en 1967, ha dado lugar a interpretaciones muy diversas y contradictorias. Es una obra que posee un gran valor para caracterizar la personalidad de Cadalso y también supone un testimonio único dentro de la literatura autobiográfica en la España del siglo XVIII. En el artículo se efectúa una revisión crítica de las distintas opiniones vertidas sobre este opúsculo, se estudia su estilo, su estructura, la selección del material biográfico incluido en estos recuerdos y su desarrollo. La conclusión de este estudio caracteriza la obra de Cadalso como una precoz autobiografía de estilo moderno, introspectiva y dominada por inquietudes morales y psicológicas, que se distingue de todas las otras autobiografías modernas españolas por su condición de escritor juvenil, presidido por la incertidumbre ante el futuro antes que por el balance
short-story prose, critically acclaimed, but marginalized by the reading public, and on the other hand, widely read biographies and autobiographies of publicly known figures, mostly written by journalists. Examining lists of especially significant literary prizes and by way of a qualitative inquiry...... or genre fields can be pertinent in the historical assessment of bestsellerism, and that a historically changing relation exists between popular bestsellers and ‘literary’ literature. Finally, the article advocates the idea of a ‘bestseller determinant’ in literary history and sociology – as a pull...
Moody, Harry R
Dreams in midlife and old age can reveal a process of spiritual growth described by Tornstam as gerotranscencence. This same process of inner growth has also been described in theoretical terms as self-actualization (Maslow), ego-integrity (Erikson), and individuation (Jung). The process is illustrated through dream symbols of transpersonal development, displaying the duality of self-fulfillment and self- transcendence. In lifespan development terms this process can be studied in detail in the autobiography of Helen Luke. The interpretation of dreams has importance for what has recently come to be known as Conscious Aging. PMID:16172075
0 （Abbreviation of Osnos） ： How did you become focused on Freud？ W （Abbreviation of Wang Ning） ： I found that many of the American writers were greatly influenced by psychoanalysis, especially by Freud. So I took some time reading some of the books written by Freud, such as Introductory Lectures on Psychoanalysis, New Introductory Lectures on Psychoanalysis, Beyond the Pleasure Principles and An Autobiographi- cal Study. And in 1983, I attended a conference, a national conference on psychoanalysis in Nanjing and submitted a paper on Freudian influence on modern and contemporary Western literature.
In 1850 the magazine Household Words, which Charles Dickens edited, published three articles describing the instruments and workings of the Royal Observatory, Greenwich. These 'popular' articles are invaluable primary sources for the historian of astronomy. They convey some of the Victorian public's fascination with an Institution believed by some to be a lighthouse for night-time shipping on the river Thames; by others, a national repository of 'divining rods' and 'magic mirrors'. Dickens was clearly impressed by the pragmatic usefulness of the Observatory to a commercial and maritime nation, and by seemingly magical, self-acting and recording instruments whereby the wind wrote its own 'Aeolian Autobiography'.
As the leading figure of western countries, America has her special values. As an ideal of pursuing happiness and perfection, the American Dream becomes the motivation of them in their lives. Homeless to Harvard is a inspirational film which is based on Liz Murray’s autobiography Breaking Night. This movie tells a story about an ordinary girl suffers a hard circumstance when she grows up, but she never gives in. According to this movie, this thesis gives a brief introduction of the American Dream and explores it throughout the heroine’s touching experience, thus publicizing equality, freedom and struggle of American values and attacking abandoned attitude of life.
Écrivain prolixe, Antony Trollope (1815-1882) a publié non seulement une quarantaine de romans qui mettent en scène l’Angleterre victorienne, mais encore des nouvelles, des essais et une autobiographie. Paru en 1858, Dr Thorne est le troisième roman des Barsetshire Novels, cycle romanesque qui évoque les mœurs d’une province imaginaire. Il se lit toutefois de façon autonome par rapport aux autres volumes de la série, tout en se fondant sur une intrigue où dominent des thématiques récurrentes ...
Full Text Available Park, as the autobiography of his Creator, reflects the events of the life of S. N. Khudekov, moral and aesthetic values, impressions, affections, transmitted through literary and mythological images. The semantics of small architectural forms multivalued and includes themes of Love, Faith, Hope, Patience, Justice, Families, Ballet, Literature, Military glory, in the Morning, creating a unified ensemble. The symbolism inherent in the Romantic style, is transmitted sculptures made by the famous French firm of Antonie Durеnne. The Khudekov’s Park is great not only the organic combination of different styles of landscape, but also its ideological content, expertly crafted fine connoisseur of art Sergey Nikolaevich Khudekov.
'Der Aufsatz zu den Geschwisterbeziehungen des deutsch-jüdischen Romanistikprofessors Victor Klemperer (1881-1960) baut auf der Untersuchung seiner Autobiographie Curriculum Vitae und der Tagebücher der Jahre 1918-1933 auf. Es geht dabei um die Frage, welche Lebensbereiche mit welchen Mitteln von seinen Geschwistern beeinflusst und geprägt wurden, und zwar in der langen Zeitspanne von der Geburt bis weit in seine professorale Amtszeit an der Technischen Hochschule Dresden hinein. Darüber hina...
L’autobiographie fictive qu’est David Copperfield paraît parfois l’œuvre d’un transcripteur, tant l’écriture semble avoir pour objet la reproduction fidèle des souvenirs, ces traces laissées par l’expérience sur le substrat qu’est la mémoire. Pourtant, cette transcription obéit à une logique créatrice de la part du narrateur, ce que cet article propose d’identifier. En effet, il ne faut pas oublier que David Copperfield est le seul personnage de Dickens à se revendiquer romancier. On pourrait...
This thesis deals with the life and work of a contemporary Korean writer Eun-Ja Kang, who is writing her works in French. Up to now, Eun-Ja Kang is an author of two novels and her autobiography. The writing in the French language puts her among francophone authors in the broad sense of the word. However, this thesis aims at determining her position in the field of literature written in French from the perspective of two recent literary concepts: littérature-monde and transidentité. Furthermor...
Little Women was a family novel with the nature of autobiography. The author was Louisa May Alcott. It is one of the best loved books of al time. It has been translated into dozens of languages and sold mil ions of copies throughout the world. Base on Louisa May Alcott’s childhood, this lively portrait of nineteenth-century family life possesses vitality that has endeared it to generations of readers. The novel emphasized their individuality and the dignity. This article mainly analyzes the relationship between Jo and Laurie, which worth reconsidering to al and it reflect the writer’s main idea of the whole novel.
Life has no plot, says Isadora Zelda Wing, the protagonist and narrator of Fear of Flying, but "to help us along we create little fictions ... which clarify and shape our experience," Erica Jong, the writer, quotes Jerzy Kosinski. Fear of Flying is an attempt to create a fiction whose completion generates a novel and a novelist. It is an autobiography by a would-be novelist, or, to use Steven Kellman's phrase, a self-begetting novel. Isadora, a poet and would-be novelist, seeks a "zipless...
Life has no plot, says Isadora Zelda Wing, the protagonist and narrator of Fear of Flying, but "to help us along we create little fictions ... which clarify and shape our experience," Erica Jong, the writer, quotes Jerzy Kosinski. Fear of Flying is an attempt to create a fiction whose completion generates a novel and a novelist. It is an autobiography by a would-be novelist, or, to use Steven Kellman's phrase, a self-begetting novel.Isadora, a poet and would-be novelist, seeks a "zipless fuck...
Standing on the PRT balance are five of the six men who comprised the majority of the PRT engineering staff in 1928. From left to right: Fred Weick, Ray Windler, William H. Herrnstein, Jr., John L. Crigler, and Donald Wood. Melvin N. Gough is mising. This group conducted the cowling research work which won the NACA its first Collier Trophy. Weick became the head of the PRT section when Max Munk was fired and Elton Miller became the chief of the Aerodynamics Division. Fred Weick liked this team of engineers and later praised the group in his autobiography.
Bryan, Lynn A.; Tippins, Deborah J.
A particularly useful pedagogical strategy for beginning a dialogue with prospective teachers about the ways in which their experiences and beliefs shape their development of professional knowledge is writing impressionist tales. Impressionist tales are a form of autobiography that portrays one highly personal perspective on a significant moment in time. In this pedagogical practice article, we describe our use of impressionist tales, summarize the assumptions underpinning our use of impressionist tales in science methods courses, provide several examples of our students’ tales, and discuss the pedagogical advantages and the teacher educator’s role in using impressionist tales to promote reflective thinking among prospective elementary science teachers.
In Nabokov’s Lolita and Burgess’s A Clockwork Orange controversial situations of misbehaviour are represented: Humbert and Alex rape, kill, and fight people. While the reader might find the justifications of the characters’ misbehaviour inadequate, s/he is asked, as a result of Cohn’s double pact of fictional autobiography, to accept it as true and coherent. Not only is the reader trapped inside the narrator’s mind, but other characters’ inner selves are also made unreachable. Lolita and the ...
Full Text Available I am grateful to Ray DiPalma for his generously giving me access to copies of An August Daybook (2005, Mules at the Wake (2006 and Ascoso (2006. All other quotes from DiPalma are from a private correspondence.There is a delicate balance in iDEATH. It suits us.(Richard Brautigan In Watermelon SugarAn autobiography is about an “I” and it traces a path. But the “I” and teleology have long been called into question by poets. This interrogation continues: wanderers blaze new trails. We propose...
Chaitin, Gregory J
In this mathematical autobiography, Gregory Chaitin presents a technical survey of his work and a nontechnical discussion of its significance. The volume is an essential companion to the earlier collection of Chaitin's papers Information, Randomness and Incompleteness, also published by World Scientific.The technical survey contains many new results, including a detailed discussion of LISP program size and new versions of Chaitin's most fundamental information-theoretic incompleteness theorems. The nontechnical part includes the lecture given by Chaitin in Gšdel's classroom at the University o
Full Text Available This article constitutes the slightly modified italian version of a conference held at Trinity College in San Antonio, Texas, the text of which is being published in Lives of the Laureates - Enlarges Edition, MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass. In it, Nobel laureate Franco Modigliani offers readers an informal lesson on modern economic thought through an autobiographical essay touching on his life, career and intellectual development. JEL Codes: B31Keywords: Lives of the Laureates, Franco Modigliani, recollections, autobiography, economic thought
Full Text Available Nabokov's autobiographies in Russian and in English are indeed quite different. Based on the sentence from Speak, Memory's foreword quoted above, we can assume that some of those differences are based on the language of creation. Other factors, such as two very different readerships and a drastic change in Nabokov's reputation (Lolita appeared between Drugie berega and Speak, Memory, affect Nabokov's writing in each. The present study recognizes this, but offers a framework for identifying which differences are directly related to language.
@@ Ⅰ Historians of modern science have good reasons to be grateful to Paul Arthur Schilpp, professor of philosophy and Methodist clergyman but better known as the editor of a series of volumes on" Living Philosophers", including several on scientist-philosophers. His motto was:"The asking of questions about a philosopher's meaning while he is alive." And to his everlasting credit, he persuaded Albert Einstein to do what he had resisted all his years: to sit down to write, in 1946 at age sixty-seven, an extensive autobiography-forty-five pages long in print.
@@ Ⅰ Historians of modern science have good reasons to be grateful to Paul Arthur Schilpp, professor of philosophy and Methodist clergyman but better known as the editor of a series of volumes on "Living Philosophers," including several on scientist - philosophers. His motto was: "The asking of questions about a philosopher' s meaning while he is alive." And to his everlasting credit, he persuaded Albert Einstein to do what he had resisted all his years: to sit down to write, in 1946 at age sixty - seven, an extensive autobiography- forty - five pages long in print.
Leonard, Nelson J.
This autobiography was written originally as a test of memory, as a means of diminishing piles of stored papers and file folders, and in an effort to record events as they actually happened. It had been my experience as a child, hearing oral histories presented by adult family members, that there was great variance in their perceptions. Perhaps I could set down the "facts" of a life and leave interpretations up to any readers. Each of the chapters was distributed to my four children, Kenn...
article de 18 pages, p. 65-83 International audience The two works written by Jean de Léry, the Histoire mémorable de Sancerre and the Histoire d’un voyage en la terre de Brésil, are presented as eye-witness accounts. However, they are true literary works in which writing acts to transform being. The two works thus appear as « works of salvation, » according to the phrase used by Georges Gusdorf to describe autobiography. They reproduce the experience of survival that they depict and gi...
Casimir, himself a famous physician, studied and worked with three great physicists of the twentieth century: Niels Bohr, Wolfgang Pauli and Paul Ehrenfest. In his autobiography, the brilliant theoretician lets the reader witness the revolution that led to quantum physics, whose influence on modern society turned out to be many times larger than the first atomic physicists could have imagined. Through his involvement in the technical-scientific and the business aspects of physics, through management positions at Philips Research Laboratory and as a member of the Board of Directors of Philips,
Amalie Skram (1846-1905) was born in Norway but lived in Denmark. She published several books about gender relations and built up a reputation as a naturalistic writer. In 1894, a nervous breakdown made her seek help from the famous psychiatrist Knud Pontoppidan. He sent her to an asylum, but she returned home after spending two months in psychiatric care. In 1895, Skram published two novels about the painter Else Kant, based on her own experiences but not written as autobiographies. The book...
Munk Hansen, Sanne
In recent years, we have seen a dramatic rise in fictional as well as scholarly representations of events that took place during World War II – novels, films, autobiographies, and, not least, works of history. This thesis reflects on the circumstances that led to the advent of a transna-tional Holocaust memory culture in Denmark, which was officially introduced with a Holo-caust remembrance day, the so-called Auschwitz-dag in 2003. The thesis analyses, firstly, how this memory culture has...
Full Text Available The real action was taking place behind the scenes.Irwin Pincus, music publisherA couple of weeks ago, while researching for this paper, I decided to read again Chronicles, Bob Dylan’s autobiography. Chapter 4 deals with the recording in a rented New Orleans mansion of Oh Mercy, the 1989 album produced by Daniel Lanois, unanimously hailed as Dylan’s resurrection. Dylan insists on the significant impact Lanois had on his own artistry. Through conversations, flashes of rage and frustration, and...
Eugene F. Fama
I was invited by the editors to contribute a professional autobiography to the Annual Review of Financial Economics. I focus on what I think is my best stuff. Readers interested in the rest can download my vita from the Web site of the University of Chicago, Booth School of Business. I only briefly discuss ideas and their origins to give the flavor of context and motivation. I do not attempt to review the contributions of others, which is likely to raise feathers. Mea culpa in advance. Financ...
This special issue of Surface Science has been prepared to honor Professor Gabor A. Somorjai on the occasion of his 80th birthday. Professor Somorjai was born on May 4, 1935 in Budapest, Hungary. In 1953 he enrolled as a chemical engineering student at the Technical University of Budapest. Gabor was an active participant in the Hungarian Revolution of 1956. When the Soviet military crushed the revolution, he had to leave the country by walking across the border with his sister and his future wife. After immigrating to the USA in 1957, he applied to begin graduate studies and was accepted at the University of California, Berkeley. Gabor received a PhD in Chemistry in 1960, only three years later. Following a short sojourn at IBM, he returned to Berkeley in 1964 to take up a faculty position in the Department of Chemistry and the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, which he still holds today. For the interested reader, more can be learned about Gabor's fascinating life in his autobiography, "An American Scientist: The Autobiography of Gabor A. Somorjai.
Full Text Available Music and narrative share similar goals – the expression of thoughts, feelings, emotions, and meanings. While narrative may be employed as an oral or literary form, as a research tool, or as a therapeutic technique, music, as an art form, is most often perceived as a performance art or compositional act. Elements of both music and narrative have common ontological roots in human communication and expression. Over the past 50 years, both music and narrative have gained stature as therapeutic practices. The first two parts of this paper will focus on how music may be used to narrate events and to express personal meaning in both art and therapy. The third part will reveal the results of a pilot research study that explored the relationship between verbal narrative and music improvisation in the creation of an autobiography. The subjects (4 music therapists narrated their autobiography, then improvised on each period (Narrative Improvisation Method – NIM, or performed the tasks in reverse order (Improvisation Narrative Method – INM. Musical and verbal data were analyzed to compare what was evoked in the music and in the narrative. Subjects were interviewed about their experiences in both methods and the interview data were analyzed to gain a deeper understanding of the process. Implications for the development of clinical and research techniques that integrate both verbal and music narration are discussed.
Full Text Available Review of: An Island Called Home: Returning to Jewish Cuba. Ruth Behar, photographs by Humberto Mayol. New Brunswick NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2007. xiii + 297 pp. (Cloth US$ 29.95 Fidel Castro: My Life: A Spoken Autobiography. Fidel Castro & Ignacio Ramonet. New York: Scribner/Simon & Schuster, 2008. vii + 724 pp. (Paper US$ 22.00, e-book US$ 14.99 Cuba: What Everyone Needs to Know. Julia E. Sweig. New York: Oxford University Press, 2009. xiv + 279 pp. (Paper US$ 16.95 [First paragraph] These three ostensibly very different books tell a compelling story of each author’s approach, as much as the subject matter itself. Fidel Castro: My Life: A Spoken Autobiography is based on a series of long interviews granted by the then-president of Cuba, Fidel Castro, to Spanish-Franco journalist Ignacio Ramonet. Cuba: What Everyone Needs to Know, by U.S. political analyst Julia Sweig, is one of a set country series, and, like Ramonet’s, presented in question/answer format. An Island Called Home: Returning to Jewish Cuba, with a narrative by Cuban-American anthropologist Ruth Behar and photographs by Cuban photographer Humberto Mayol, is a retrospective/introspective account of the Jewish presence in Cuba. While from Ramonet and Sweig we learn much about the revolutionary project, Behar and Mayol convey the lived experience of the small Jewish community against that backdrop.
Full Text Available Mary Delany (1700-1788 is particularly famous for her paper-cuttings or ‘mosaicks’ based on botanical subjects. A very lively woman of fashion, she was close to Queen Charlotte and one of the Bluestocking Ladies. She left a vivid portrait of life and society in eighteenth century England and Ireland in the six volumes of her Autobiography and Letters, edited in 1861 by her descendant Lady Llanover. Her autobiography is made up of 18 letters sent to her most intimate friend, Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Portland. The first letter is dated 1740, but in this, as in the following ones, Mrs. Delany narrates her past life to her friend, starting from the early years of her life, describing her unhappy marriage, financial difficulties as a widow, and family relationships. Along with these ‘autobiographical’ letters, other letters written by her to her sister Ann are introduced, which date to the periods of life Mrs. Delany is dealing with. The aim of this paper is to focus on the textual, linguistic and content differences between the two letter types, and analyse how the identity of Mary Delany is differently constructed and perceived in the explicit autobiographical letters addressed to the Duchess of Portland, and the ones written to her sister.
Full Text Available Im Sammelband von Hilary Brown und Gillian Dow werden die Kommunikationsnetze und der kulturelle Austausch zwischen den intellektuellen und schreibenden Frauen im Europa des 18. und 19. Jahrhunderts untersucht. Insbesondere wird auf die Analyse der verzweigten Verbindungen gelehrter Frauen verschiedener Länder eingegangen, unter Berücksichtigung ihrer Briefwechsel, ihrer gegenseitigen Besuche und ihrer in literarischen Salons entstandenen Kontakte. Durch die Analyse von veröffentlichten und unveröffentlichten Quellen unterschiedlichster Gattungen (vom Roman über Poesie, Reisetagebücher und Märchen bis hin zur Autobiographie bietet der Band neue Einblicke in die literarischen Praxis und die Entwicklung der europäischen Tradition des weiblichen Schreibens.Hilary Brown and Gillian Dow’s anthology examines the networks of communication and the cultural exchange between intellectual and writing women in 18th and 19th century Europe. It elaborates particularly on the analysis of the intertwined connections between the scholarly women of different countries, considering their written correspondence, their mutual visits, and the contacts that were developed in literary salons. Through the analysis of published and unpublished sources of various genres (from novel to poetry, travel journals, and fairy tales to autobiographies, the volume offers new insights into the literary practice and the development of the European tradition of female writing.
Irena Prosenc Šegula
Full Text Available Primo Levi’s literary production is extremely varied and cannot be limited to autobiography despite the fact that the author is primarily studied for his autobiographical works. However, his texts related to autobiography show the strongest and most consistent presence of books, which is analyzed in this article. The beginnings of Levi’s writing can be traced to autobiographical motifs. Autobiography, which is present in a considerable part of the author’s work, is particularly connected to essays that often include autobiographical elements. Levi analyzes himself as an author as well as a reader, thus putting into practice the motto of “recognizing, analyzing, and weighing,” derived from his profession as a chemist. As a self-analyzing reader, he is a carrier of abstract notions deriving from previous readings as well as the owner of books intended as concrete objects displayed on his bookshelves. Books are his “soul companions” over various periods of his life and a conspicuous part of luggage on his wanderings through postwar Europe. The clearest image of Levi as a reader is found in The Search for Roots: A Personal Anthology. Levi’s selection of thirty texts by other authors combines depictions of books as concrete objects, literary works, and notions permeated with autobiographical elements. The choice of excerpts, varying from literary to scientific texts, is based mostly on autobiographical motifs. In Levi’s autobiographical texts, books and reading assume an important role in reminiscing and testifying about past events. The author also elaborates on his eclectic reading habits, inherited from his family, as well as on the way he handles books as objects. In his autobiographical narrative, books are given the same attention as other objects, people, and places, often including their titles, a physical description, the circumstances in which the author came into their possession, and the places where he read them. After
Depuis la littérature des cicatrices du début des années 1980, la fiction et l’autobiographie fictionnalisée ont largement contribué à mettre en lumière la violence de masse de la Révolution culturelle. Cependant, ces textes se sont cantonnés à un cadre bien défini, à l’intérieur duquel le système politique n’était pas remis en question en tant que tel. Ces dix dernières années, le champ littéraire chinois s’est en revanche penché plus spécifiquement sur les années 1950, avec des oeuvres tell...
Cet article se propose d’explorer l’espace hors-normes de la ville de Los Angeles grâce au genre de l’anthologie et le rapport presque homologique qui se dégage entre ce genre littéraire et le territoire de la mégalopole. Los Angeles est un motif littéraire depuis sa création et elle se donne à lire en romans, autobiographies, journaux, poèmes ou chroniques produites par des auteurs de passages, immigrés ou natifs de ce lieu devenu culturellement emblématique. Espace souvent perçu comme anti-...
Villarejo-Galende, Albero; Herrero-San Martín, Alejandro
Nikola Tesla (1856-1943) was one of the greatest inventors in history and a key player in the revolution that led to the large-scale use of electricity. He also made important contributions to such diverse fields as x-rays, remote control, radio, the theory of consciousness or electromagnetism. In his honour, the international unit of magnetic induction was named after him. Yet, his fame is scarce in comparison with that of other inventors of the time, such as Edison, with whom he had several heated arguments. He was a rather odd, reserved person who lived for his inventions, the ideas for which came to him in moments of inspiration. In his autobiography he relates these flashes with a number of neuropsychiatric manifestations, which can be seen to include migraine auras, synaesthesiae, obsessions and compulsions. PMID:23307357
Full Text Available The current paper offers a reading of the initial Saramago’s Diaries, written by the Portuguese José Saramago and published between the years of 1993 and 1997, as it rehearses drafting a possible relation between the role of the intellectual, as performed by the writer and the composition of an autobiographical literature. This latter is constituted by means of a unique acquisition and learning of memory, from his exile in the Spanish island of Lanzarote. Edward Said´s writings will guide the discussions on exile proposed in this work, as much as Philippe Lejeune´s, whose writings appear in the dialogue between autobiography and memory.
Press, Carol M
Psychoanalysis and creativity are not interchangeable enterprises; however, both creativity and psychoanalysis promise the hope of transformation. But hope may be fragile. Healthy aspects of self may hide and diminish hope to protect it against invasion from toxic pathological patterns. Hope may be rekindled by an empathically responsive environment and the reengagement of healthy forward edge strivings. Psychoanalysis illustrates creativity as a conduit for hope. Modern dance choreographer Paul Taylor's 1988 autobiography, Private Domain, describes Taylor's hope and strivings through creative engagement. Unfortunately, when Taylor's body inevitably falters after years of performing, he is unprepared psychologically to cope successfully. Taylor's sense of self begins to fragment and his forward edge strivings to decay. Eventually, Taylor collapses on stage from drug addiction and illness; his performing career crashes to an end. Taylor must search for his forward edge strivings with hope. Psychoanalysis illuminates Taylor's journey to find hope, motivation, meaningful intention, and transformation through creativity and dance-making. PMID:15953780
Eduardo Barraza J
Full Text Available Cadáver tuerto (2005 anticipa las variaciones del género novelesco en la literatura chilena, privilegiando y contemplando el proceso de la escritura. Labarca parodia en esta novela los cruces entre la ficción, la realidad y la historia, entre la vida y la autobiografía, entre el discurso televisivo, radial y del periodismo escrito, de modo tal que da un notorio giro discursivo a la narrativa chilena de filiación histórica.Cadáver tuerto (2005 anticipates the variations of the novel genre in Chilean literatura, priviledging and contemplating the writing process. Labarca parodies, in this novel, the crossings among fiction and reality, between life and autobiography, between television, radio and written newsprint discourse.
Marlo Goldstein Hode
Full Text Available This paper explores the complexities, issues, and challenges of neurologically mixed romantic relationships; specifically focusing on relationships in which one partner is diagnosed with Asperger’s syndrome. Using a narrative approach to data drawn from online discussion boards, blogs, autobiographies, and research articles, the findings are presented in the form of a narrative reconstruction. Reconstructing data into a fictional, non-traceable format is a fruitful method of attending to the ethical and privacy issues inherent in online research. Starting with a discussion of autism and Asperger’s communication and traits, identity politics, and online community building, this article articulates some of the ways that neurological differences result in real differences in emotional needs, sensory perceptions, and ways of thinking and communicating in romantic relationships.
<正>GENERAL INFORMATION World Journal of Radiology(World J Radiol,WJR,online ISSN 1949-8470,DOI:10.4329)is a peer-reviewed open access(OA)academic journal that aims to guide clinical practice and improve diagnostic and therapeutic skills of clinicians.Aim and scope WJR covers topics concerning diagnostic radiology,radiation oncology,radiologic physics,neuroradiology,nuclear radiology,pediatric radiology,vascular/interventional radiology,medical imaging achieved by various modalities and related methods analysis.The current columns of WJR include editorial,frontier,diagnostic advances,therapeutics advances,field of vision,mini-reviews,review,topic highlight,medical ethics,original articles,case report,clinical case conference(clinicopathological conference),and autobiography.We encourage authors to submit their manuscripts to WJR.We
<正>GENERAL INFORMATION World Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology(World J Gastrointest Oncol,WJGO,online ISSN 1948-5204,DOI:10.4251)is a peer-reviewed open access(OA)academic journal that aims to guide clinical practice and improve diagnostic and therapeutic skills of clinicians.Aim and scope WJGO covers topics concerning carcinogenesis,tumorigenesis,metastasis,diagnosis,prevention,prognosis,clinical manifestations,nutritional support,molecular mechanisms,and therapy of benign and malignant tumors of the digestive tract.The current columns of WJGO include editorial,frontier,diagnostic advances,therapeutics advances,field of vision,mini-reviews,review,topic highlight,medical ethics,original articles,case report,clinical case conference(Clinicopathological conference),and autobiography.Priority pub-
Zeidman, Lawrence A; Kondziella, Daniel
Peter Becker was a German neurologist who helped classify the muscular dystrophies, and described Becker muscular dystrophy and Becker myotonia. His involvement in National Socialism began in 1933, when he was compelled by his peers to join the SA (brown shirts). He later joined the Nazi party, the Nazi Doctors Association, and the Nazi Lecturers' Association. He renewed his SA membership to maintain his position at a genetics institute. Colleagues stated postwar that he was not an active Nazi, and he was de-Nazified in 1947, able to continue his career. Later, Becker admitted to most, but not all, of his Nazi memberships in his autobiography, and wrote 2 books exploring the origins of Nazism and racial hygiene. The "neurologic court of opinion" must weigh in on how we should best remember Becker, and at the very least, we as neurologists must learn the dangers of career opportunism at any cost. PMID:23576413
Reviews Book: Extended Project Student Guide Book: My Inventions Book: ASE Guide to Research in Science Education Classroom Video: The Science of Starlight Software: SPARKvue Book: The Geek Manifesto Ebook: A Big Ball of Fire Apps
WE RECOMMEND Level 3 Extended Project Student Guide A non-specialist, generally useful and nicely put together guide to project work ASE Guide to Research in Science Education Few words wasted in this handy introduction and reference The Science of Starlight Slow but steady DVD covers useful ground SPARKvue Impressive software now available as an app WORTH A LOOK My Inventions and Other Writings Science, engineering, autobiography, visions and psychic phenomena mixed in a strange but revealing concoction The Geek Manifesto: Why Science Matters More enthusiasm than science, but a good motivator and interesting A Big Ball of Fire: Your questions about the Sun answered Free iTunes download made by and for students goes down well APPS Collider visualises LHC experiments ... Science Museum app enhances school trips ... useful information for the Cambridge Science Festival
Thomas Pynchon, écrivain invisible dans le spectacle marchand, a choisi de disparaître derrière son œuvre. Il ne récuse pourtant pas les convergences entre l’autobiographie, et l’œuvre de fiction. Revenant sur ses nouvelles rassemblées après plus de vingt ans sous le titre de Slow Learner, il met au nombre de ses défauts de jeunesse « an unkind impatience with fiction I felt to be “too autobiographical“. Somewhere I had come up with the notion that one’s personal life had nothing to do with f...
Full Text Available S’il est bien un défaut que l’on ne saurait imputer à Enrique Serna, c’est celui de la monotonie et de la peur du risque. Comptant parmi la nouvelle génération d’écrivains mexicains s’étant distingués au cours des trente dernières années, son parcours littéraire se démarque en effet par un souci constant du renouvellement, tant stylistique que thématique. Du roman historique au roman noir, en passant par le récit picaresque, l’autobiographie ou encore la nouvelle futuriste, Enrique Serna n’a ...
À partir de l’exemple de deux autobiographies, celles de Jacques-Louis Ménétra et d’Agricol Perdiguier, tous deux compagnons du Tour de France, il s’agit d’établir des constantes de l’écriture de soi. La perspective adoptée, le discours sur la sexualité, sert de point d’ancrage. Après avoir déterminé les sphères d’énonciation de la sexualité des deux compagnons, le ludique chez Ménétra, l’altérité chez Perdiguier, on en vient à établir, au-delà des spécificités de chacun, une permanence des f...
L’autobiographie romancée d’Eliya Karmona publiée en 1926, Comment naquit Eliya Karmona comment il grandit et comment il devint directeur du Djugetón projette un regard critique sur les tribulations d’un jeune homme juif dans les dernières années du sultanat, entre 1884 et 1908.Sur le mode sarcastique, maniant l’auto-ironie, il construit sur ses déboires un roman picaresque qui sacrifie à la loi du genre, mais qui s’apparente par d’autres aspects aux genres cultivés par les Judéo-Espagnols : ...
L’autobiographie romancée d’Eliya Karmona publiée en 1926, Comment naquit Eliya Karmona comment il grandit et comment il devint directeur du Djugetón projette un regard critique sur les tribulations d’un jeune homme juif dans les dernières années du sultanat, entre 1884 et 1908.Sur le mode sarcastique, maniant l’auto-ironie, il construit sur ses déboires un roman picaresque qui sacrifie à la loi du genre, mais qui s’apparente par d’autres aspects aux genres cultivés par les Judéo-Espagnols : ...
Charet, F X
The tendency to associate Jung with Freud has undergone a change and both are increasingly perceived as founders of depth psychological schools whose exact relationship is unclear. The separation of the two was largely due to Jung's rejection by the psychoanalytic community because of his perceived spiritual inclinations. Recent scholarship has emphasized these spiritual inclinations in both a positive and negative way and brought to light Jung's non-Freudian sources, while other Jungian practitioners are seeking a closer association with psychoanalysis. This conflicting development is related to tendencies in Jung himself that are evident in his own life and in research conducted into the writing and publication of Memories, Dreams, Reflections. Though the status of the latter as Jung's autobiography has been called into question there remains the necessity to explain the myth of Jung's life enshrined there and the impact this has had on a public looking for meaning in a time of considerable change. PMID:14533394
Eva Soler Sasera
Full Text Available In exile's autobiographies and memories, the vindication of spanish civil war apears as a moral duty in front of the general forgetfulness inside Spain. In the same way, its became a place to construct the subject's identity determinated by a lost past. The civil war narrative in José Moreno Villa Vida en claro (1944, Francisco Ayala Recuerdos y olvidos (1988, María Teresa León Memoria de la melancolía (1970, Teresa Pàmies Quan érem capitans (1974, María Lejárraga Una mujer por los caminos de España (1952 and Concha Méndez Memorias habladas, memorias armadas (1990 gets arduous war's events back in order to link with the recovery and the placement of the self.
Simona Emilia Pruteanu
Full Text Available Le but de cet article est de s’interroger sur le syntagme « je suis un tel » dans le contexte de deux romans de Sergio Kokis, L’art du maquillage (1997 et Le fou de Bosch (2006. La possibilité d’une identité unique et indivisible est défiée dans ces romans par la défaillance du mythe du « je » narrateur unique qui devrait dominer tout le récit. Au contraire, ce qu’on trouve à la lecture c’est le mouvement inverse: la narration suit le processus d’auto-engendrement des personnages-narrateurs, qui se créent des « autobiographies » fictives dans une mise en abyme de l’autobiofiction.
Moreira, Shirlene Vianna; França, Cecília Cavalieri; Moreira, Marcos Aurélio; Lana-Peixoto, Marco Aurélio
Musical autobiographies consist of a powerful therapeutic tool by which individuals define themselves. The use of this technique may help (re)construction personal identities and improve quality of life of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). Eight adult patients on treatment at CIEM Multiple Sclerosis Investigation Center after selecting 10 to 15 pieces of music most significant in their lives were interviewed. The data collected were classified according to Even Rudd categories, which reveal how a person expresses his personal, social, temporal and transpersonal identities. We observed that recall of musical history makes MS patients get better perception both of their feelings and body awareness, as well as provide them with an alternative way to express themselves, activate and contextualize affective memories, and achieving a sense of life continuity in spite of the disease. PMID:19330210
Amin, Adnan; Khan, Muhammad Ayaz; Ehsanullah, Malik; Haroon, Uzma; Azam, Sheikh Muhammad Farooq; Hameed, Abdul
A total of 112 soil samples were taken from differents areas of district D.I.Khan and Kohat (KPK) Pakistan and screened for production of antibiotics against the Micrococcus luteus and Staphylococcus aureus. Widest zone of inhibition (18mm) was produced by microorganism isolated from saline soil. The strain was later identified as Bacillus GU057 by standard biochemical assays. Maximum activity (18mm inhibition zone) was observed against Staphylococcus aureus after 48 hours of incubation at pH 8 and 4% concentration of glucose. The antibiotic was identified by autobiography as bacitracin. The Bacillus strain GU057 was confirmed as good peptide antibiotic producer and can effectively be indulged as biocontrol agent. PMID:24031962
Cette recherche propose une analyse du rapport interculturel entre l'islam et l'Occident à travers la thématique de l'errance dans l'oeuvre d'Abdelwahab Meddeb. Nous voulons montrer la corrélation entre l'errance et l'interculturalité, en nous nous appuyant sur trois axes dégagés dans l'oeuvre de Meddeb : l'autobiographie, l'écriture et l'islam et le soufisme. L'interculturalité est portée par le personnage même de l'auteur, à travers la double généalogie, arabo-musulmane et occidentale, et d...
Watching ice floes glide by on the Hudson River from Eric Kandel's office, one gets a sense of placid reflection tempered by constant action-an apt analogy for Kandel's ability to calmly manage several ongoing projects and commitments at once. In addition to his well-lauded, ongoing research at Columbia University Medical Center's New York State Psychiatric Institute, Kandel has written several books on neurobiology, behavior, and memory. In addition to being a Nobel Laureate Scientist, he is well-known as an editor of the seminal textbook Principles of Neural Science. He and his colleagues are in the midst of working on a new edition of Principles, and he is working on a scientific autobiography. MI sat down with Dr. Kandel and discussed with him a range of topics including childhood and early career influences, intramural research at the NIH, the HHMI, ethical considerations of altering memory and, of course, Aplysia. PMID:15821153
María ANGULO EGEA
Full Text Available When Aguilar Piñal commenced the arduous task of «rescuing» Cándido María Trigueros from oblivion, he drew people’s attention to a unique figure of the 18th century. Although focused his attention on Trigueros himself, we must also bear in mind the large volume of personal correspondence, unknown to the general public, Trigueros maintained with the most well known figures of the period between 1758 and 1798.These letters spread out from two cities: Seville (Carmona and Madrid.The objective of this study is not only to explain the character of this man of the 18th century Arts, but above all, to analyse the function of letters in his daily life and their relationship with the construction of his autobiography. Therefore, these letters are a representation of the image the author projects of himself and his work in a personal, relational and subjective ambiance.
Rowena Santos Aquino
Full Text Available Despite critical reconceptualisations of reenactment in theory and practice beginning in the 1980s, such scholarship has confined reenactment to a process that rests solely on substitution, actors, and actor reenactment. This article examines reenactment in which actual persons reenact their own pasts and memories in the context of contemporary Iranian cinema to bring about an embodied historiography. This collaboration between social actors and filmmakers shifts the focus from questions of substitution to questions of presence and proximity in representations of the past and personal memory. This article explores these questions of presence, proximity, and reenactment as a distinct mode of audiovisual autobiography through a reading of Mohsen Makhmalbaf’s film Bread and Flower (1996 as a case study.
Full Text Available The globalisation and consolidation of book publishing is widely seen as having negative consequences for Australian literature. Some commentators argue that this shift is detrimental to Australian literature as a whole; others identify the growth of multinational publishing conglomerates with a specific decline in Australian literary fiction. This article explores both positions, first identifying and investigating trends in Australian novel publication and comparing these to trends in the publication of novels from other countries as well as other Australian-originated literature (specifically, poetry and auto/biography. It then considers the specific case of Australian literary fiction, before looking in detail at the output of large publishers of Australian novels. This analysis reveals a recent decline in Australian novel and poetry titles, but offers a more complex picture of this trend than dominant expressions of nostalgia and alarm about the fate of Australian literature and publishing would suggest.
In his 1987 autobiography, Major-General Kenneth Nichols, who served as the Manhattan Project's ``District Engineer'' under General Leslie Groves, related that when the Clinton Engineer Works at Oak Ridge, TN, was completed it was consuming nearly one-seventh (~ 14%) of the electric power being generated in the United States. This statement has been reiterated in several editions of a Department of Energy publication on the Manhattan Project. This remarkable claim has been checked against power generation and consumption figures available in Manhattan Engineer District documents, Tennessee Valley Authority records, and historical editions of the Statistical Abstract of the United States. The correct figure is closer to 0.9% of national generation. A speculation will be made as to the origin of Nichols' erroneous one-seventh figure.
construct by systematic readings in a limited body of works, here termed ‘Strindberg’s autobiographical prose writings’. There are several reasons for choosing the auto-biographical writings as the primary material. Next to the dramas, I see them as Strindberg’s most important innovative contribution...... on his lists of autobiographical writings. It rather sees the works treated as instructively divergent. They span genres such as the novel, short story, evolutionary autobiography, memoirs, self-portrait and epistolary novel, and they also encompass several narrative modalities. They thus allow...... movements. In Tjänstekvinnans son, instead of a synthesis the narrator refers the reader back to the raw material, i.e. the singular biographical episodes and the many pages of the book, and forward to future events. Here as elsewhere supplements and deferment counteract closure. While Han och hon...
Mikołajczyk, Iwona; Wawrzyniak, Zbigniew
It was described the case of 25-years-old person's dependent from medicines (reassuring, sleeping and analgesic)and alcohol from coexisting rare disorders happened in the detox squad. Establish that person, during the treatment metrical he is the man and possesses the characteristic genotype for the Klinefelter's syndrome, the features of the personality of type borderline and the eating disorders (bulimic side of annorexia). Her autobiography, psychical state (she underlined that he felt the woman despite the sex mentally by the whole time of the stay) her behavior are the interesting therapeutics problems. In the article was introduced the test explanation of mechanisms her psychical functioning, and the difficulty which appeared in the process of diagnosis and psychotherapy. The Klinefelter's syndrome was differentiated with transsexualism seldom in the aim of the more exact understanding of above mentioned difficulties. Medical and psychoterapeutic strategies were proposed for that person. PMID:19391512
In their landmark papers, both Kanner and Asperger employed a series of case histories to shape clinical insight into autistic disorders. This way of introducing, assessing and representing disorders has disappeared from today's psychiatric practice, yet it offers a convincing model of the way stereotypes may build up as a result of representations of autism. Considering that much of what society at large learns on disorders on the autism spectrum is produced by representations of autism in novels, TV-series, movies or autobiographies, it will be of vital importance to scrutinize these representations and to check whether or not they are, in fact, misrepresenting autism. In quite a few cases, media representations of talent and special abilities can be said to have contributed to a harmful divergence between the general image of autism and the clinical reality of the autistic condition. PMID:19528033
Full Text Available Tityrus and Galatea are found together only in Virgil, Eclogue 1. The article argues that they form a ‘significant’ pair of pastoral names, suggesting ‘cheese’ and ‘milk’. It provides evidence from Theocritus, where ‘milky’ Galatea is inserted in the semantic field of ‘milk and cheese’; Lucian, where Galatea forms a pair with the proper name Tyro; and the Alexander Romance, where Satyros is etymologized from ‘tyros’ (‘cheese’, in light of the fact that Virgil’s ‘Tityrus’ indicates a species of satyr. The article treats also proper name versions of ‘milk and cheese’ in the Aeneid. It is concluded with a discussion of the name ‘Tityros’ found in Nikos Kazantzakis’ autobiography entitled Report to Greco and in his novel KapetánMichális (Freedomor Death.
The petroleum history bibliography was created over several years as a record dedicated to preserving the history of the Canadian petroleum industry. It comprises a list of more than 5000 publications, including books, theses, films, audio tapes, published articles and stories of the many companies that have come and gone. It aims to include all publications and audio visual products from the Social Sciences and Humanities on company histories, biographies, autobiographies, fiction, poetry and humour. An author index is included. Most government documents are excluded as they are accessible through Library and Archives Canada. This bibliography is an ongoing piece of work, and welcomes any additions relating to the study and preservation of Canadian petroleum industry history.
Leonardo de Barros Sasaki
Full Text Available The question we face is how can we understand the relationship between life and poetry in a work like the one by the poet Al Berto, so permeated by so-called self-writing (autobiography, diary, memoirs, correspondence, etc.. The intention in this article is to discuss the notions of autobiography, privacy, intimacy and authenticity in his poetic universe. For that, we comment not only the literary texts stricto sensu, as well as his public statements - interviews and speeches -, understanding them also as part of the “autobiographical game” proposed by the poet. At the end, we propose, as a case study, the analysis of two somewhat unknown texts by Al Berto: “Biographical note in letter form” and “Acceptance Speech for the PEN Club Award for Poetry”, both collected by us in the poet’s estate.
The Table of Contents for the full book PDF is as follows: * Preface * Sketches at a Symposium * For Mendel Sachs * The Constancy of an Angular Point of View * Information-Theoretic Logic and Transformation-Theoretic Logic * The Invention of the Transistor and the Realization of the Hole * Mach's Principle, Newtonian Gravitation, Absolute Space, and Einstein * The Sun, Our Variable Star * The Inconstant Sun: Symbiosis of Time Variations of Sunspots, Atmospheric Radiocarbon, Aurorae, and Tree Ring Growth * Other Worlds * Super-Classical Quantum Mechanics * A Probabilistic Approach to the Phase Problem of X-Ray Crystallography * A Nonlinear Twist on Inertia Gives Unified Electroweak Gravitation * Neutrino Oscillations * On an Incompleteness in the General-Relativistic Description of Gravitation * All Truth is One * Ideas of Physics: Correspondence between Colleagues * The Influence of the Physics and Philosophy of Einstein's Relativity on My Attitudes in Science: An Autobiography
Panofsky, W K
Wolfgang K.H. Panofsky is a prominent physicist who has been an active contributor to elementary particle physics, accelerator building, and laboratory administration as well as to international security policy and arms control. This volume is a somewhat unorthodox memoir. In Panofsky’s words: "This volume contains an unsystematic account of my past work; it is not intended to be an autobiography in the conventional meaning of the term. It is not even remotely a scholarly description of the momentous developments in which I was able to participate; rather it is a recital of memorable episodes, borrowing from the compulsory preface of facetious British history: ‘History is not what you thought. It is what you can remember.’ " Pief
Luc Benoit à la Guillaume
Étoile montante sur la scène politique américaine, premier homme politique noir capable de séduire l’électorat blanc, Barack Obama est aujourd’hui candidat à l’investiture du parti démocrate pour les élections présidentielles de 2008. Bien que son autobiographie publiée en 1995, Dreams from my Father. A Story of Race and Inheritance, se soit vendue à plus d’un million d’exemplaires aux États-Unis, elle n’a toujours pas été traduite. Seul son dernier ouvrage, L’Audace d’espérer : une nouvelle ...
Alfred Felix Landon Beeston
Full Text Available AutobiographieNé le 23 février 1911, c'est au Collège de Westminter que je fis mes études secondaires, avec une formation approfondie en latin et en grec. A temps perdu j'appris tout seul l'allemand, afin de pouvoir pratiquer dans cette langue un travail d'érudition ; j'acquis de la même façon des notions d'arabe. Toujours enclin à opter pour l'insolite, l'exotique, j'avais songé, il fut un temps, à me lancer dans le sanscrit ou le chinois ; mais je ne puis aujourd'hui me rappeler ce qui, fin...
Katz, E. J.
It's the Water That Makes You Drunk is billed as “A Celebration in Geophysics and Oceanography—1982” in honor of Walter Munk's 65th birthday, October 19, 1982. It consists of 14 contributions of variable length and an entertaining autobiographic sketch by the honoree which updates and fills in some Freudian omissions in an earlier autobiography. The authors, an invited group from among the celebrants at a 2-day birthday party, are a diverse group of geophysicists selected to represent the wide spectrum of Walter's scientific interests (and occasional achievements, as Walter himself might say) over the last 4 decades. Thus, among others, Klaus Hasselman writes on surface waves, Chris Garrett on internal waves, Stanley Flatté on sound waves, Carl Wunsch on acoustic tomography, Peter Rhines on the general oceanic circulation, Dave Cartwright on ocean tides, Gordon MacDonald on atmospheric chemistry, Kurt Lambeck on the earth's rotation, and John Tukey on spectral analysis.
Bonde, Lars Ole
In August 2013 Center for Music and Health published its first anthology in English on ‘Musical Life Stories’. 17 authors from 6 countries present their research on the influence of music in a lifelong health perspective. A unique feature in the book is a collection of “personal narratives” by the...... authors. In a free form each author wrote a short narrative of music’s influence on their identity and health in a life span perspective. The present article is a thematic analysis of these 13 narratives. The themes identified are briefly related more generally to the international research literature on...... music and identity and more specifically to the author’s study of health themes in the musical autobiographies of music therapy students at Aalborg University (DK). The analysis shows that there are some specific themes in the professional’s narratives, however, the researchers are very much in line...
Lina María Terranova-Zapata
Full Text Available We describe a qualitative research whose purpose is to contribute to the generation of useful contexts to devise a personal life plan for ten mothers from the west hillside in the City of Cali, Colombia, using community family therapy techniques such as interviews and video-therapy and complementing them with psycho-educational workshops. The main findings describe their personal and family resources to face adverse situations: the experience upon developing skills for life in the workshops, writing their autobiography and devising the personal life plan. The participants evaluated the experience as positive. We present the scopes and limitations of the method and its implications for future research, upon presenting a culturally competent model of resilience development in a socioeconomically deprived neighborhood in Colombia, South America.
Le Royaume de l’au-delà qu’édite Philippe Baudouin sous le nom d’Edison est une partie (la huitième et dernière) de l’autobiographie de l’inventeur, Mémoires et observations, publiée dix-sept ans après sa mort, et qui fut généralement omise des rééditions. La traduction française du livre (Flammarion, 1949) étant épuisée depuis longtemps, publier cette partie était donc judicieux d’autant plus que Baudouin fait précéder le texte d’une substantielle introduction, « Machines nécrophoniques », e...
Stilling Olesen, Jesper
In this paper I investigate the relationship between skills and identity of an elite cyclist, who during his career managed to become a big star in the professional peleton. This is Jesper Skibby. The paper is based on a reading of his autobiography "Forstå mig ret." In the book he reproduces his...... turns out that the conception of the self-reliant, performing individual does not hold. In this paper I will argue that the rider achieve his skills through the deletion of personal boundaries and re-assembly with an ever-wider range of actors in the surrounding world. To develop as a rider the...... network with a specific composition that enables the rider to perform in a certain way....
Connolly, Cynthia Anne
For more than a century, scholars have analyzed the many dimensions of Emma Goldman. Remembered as an agent of revolution, feminism, sexual freedom, anarchy, and atheism, Goldman's motives, personality, and actions have generated an entire subgenre of historical scholarship. But although Goldman practiced nursing in New York City for ten years, one facet of her life that has been neglected is her nursing identity. Goldman's autobiography, Living My Life, reveals the way her nursing experiences informed her evolving anarchist political philosophy and international activism. She valued nursing for many reasons--for the economic independence it offered, identity it provided, and sense of community and connectivity she believed it encouraged. Finally, for Goldman, nursing represented was a vehicle to understand people's struggles and as a way of translating political philosophy into meaningful, practical solutions. PMID:20067092
International audience Le compte rendu d’un ouvrage récent de Philippe Derchain traitant de la double culture des Égyptiens hellénisés est l’occasion d’évoquer le sens et la notion d’auteur dans les autobiographies et les difficultés qui se font jour quand on veut utiliser ces textes « normalisés » pour appréhender de manière tangible une possible perméabilité de la société indigène à la culture du nouveau pouvoir macédonien. On y évoque aussi quelques problèmes d’onomastique gréco-égyptie...
Albini, Theresa K
The Waves, written in 1931 by Virginia Woolf, is an astounding depiction of an internal landscape richly full of dissociative phenomena. Although applauded for its genius and considered by many to be her highest literary achievement, critics complained that the language of the characters seemed artificial and a departure from the usual interior monologue appearing in other works that utilized stream of consciousness writing at the time. Woolf believed this work to be misunderstood as she often felt herself. This paper illustrates how The Waves might metaphorically connote the internal experiences of dissociating. The narrative of the novel illuminates the mapping of Woolf's internal system as it changes across a life span. Woolf deftly submerged not only the facts of her personal life in The Waves but, more important, revealed through both her literary method and language the dissociative nature of her own mind. By extrapolating from Woolf's autobiographies, journals, and letters, the parallels between fact and fiction become apparent. PMID:18032344
Full Text Available A total of 112 soil samples were taken from differents areas of district D.I.Khan and Kohat (KPK Pakistan and screened for production of antibiotics against the Micrococcus luteus and Staphylococcus aureus. Widest zone of inhibition (18mm was produced by microorganism isolated from saline soil. The strain was later identified as Bacillus GU057 by standard biochemical assays. Maximum activity (18mm inhibition zone was observed against Staphylococcus aureus after 48 hours of incubation at pH 8 and 4% concentration of glucose. The antibiotic was identified by autobiography as bacitracin. The Bacillus strain GU057 was confirmed as good peptide antibiotic producer and can effectively be indulged as biocontrol agent.
Neįgalaus kūno asmens tapatybės kaita XX amžiaus pirmoje pusėje: Prano Daunio Vargo keliais. Atsiminimai iš kovų dėl nepriklausomybės ir aklųjų gyvenimo | Identity change of the disable body during 1st half of the 20th century: On the Roads of Misery. Memories from the Battles for Independence and the Life of the Blind by Pranas Daunys
Full Text Available The article introduces the first autobiography of the disabled in the 20th century Lithuanian literature – the memoirs of Pranas Daunys – On the Roads of Misery / Memories from the Battles for Independence and the Life of the Blind. In the context of the disability body studies, the article discusses different levels in the formation of the corporal identity of the blind person. The study emphasizes the importance of cultural space to the identity of the blind, which is related to the Braille. The article explains the integrity dimension of the blind person’s identity, which mergers different experiences of personal life (the experience of eye trauma during the war and the memories of patriotic feelings, which are equally important to the personal identity. The research deals with the corporal and sensual self-perception of the blind, which is closely related to the social and public emancipation, changing the lines of national identity.
Full Text Available This article provides a series of close readings of Barack Obama’s autobiography Dreams from My Father. It places the narrative within the history of African American literature and rhetoric and argues that Obama uses the text to create a life story that resonates with central concepts of African American selfhood and black male identity, including double consciousness, invisibility, and black nationalism. The article reads Dreams from My Father as an attempt to arrive at a state of “functional Blackness,” which moves away from questions of racial authenticity and identity politics but recognizes the narrative powers of African American literature to shape a convincing and appealing black self.
Full Text Available Under Fire is the official autobiography of Oliver North and is available in both hardcover and paperback editions. Although the former is of a considerably better quality and contains more photographs, the softcover is naturally less expensive and contains an extra chapter. From the first page, Under Fire, is a compelling read and remains so throughout, despite the substantial detail which does not lend itself to enhancing one's ability to understand the complex workings of the United States Federal Government, Rather than concentrating solely on the lran-Contra scandal, Under Fire seeks to be much more and might better be described as a personalised history of Middle America, Although the book opens with the scandal and how news of it was broken to the world in November 1986, it soon rearranges itself into a chronological pattern and reverts to the days of Oliver North's childhood in upstate New York.
Diallo, D; Marston, A; Terreaux, C; Touré, Y; Paulsen, B S; Hostettmann, K
A total of 78 different extracts from 20 medicinal plants belonging to 14 plant families from Mali were tested for their antifungal, larvicidal, molluscicidal, antioxidant and radical scavenging activities. Dichloromethane, methanol, water and ethanol extracts were used. TLC autobiography for antifungal activity was run with Cladosporium cucumerinum and Candida albicans. Extracts were also tested on the larvae of the mosquitoes Aedes aegypti, Anopheles gambiae and Culex quinquefasciatus. Molluscicidal activities were established with the snails Biomphalaria glabrata, Biomphalaria pfeifferi and Bulinus truncatus. beta-Carotene and DPPH solutions sprayed on TLC plates were used for antioxidant and radical scavenging assays. Of the extracts investigated, 20% were antioxidant and radical scavengers, 19% fungicidal, 30% were larvicidal and 11% were molluscicidal. Three of the plant extracts, from Cussonia barteri (Araliaceae), Glinus oppositifolius (Aïzoaceae) and Lannea velutina (Anacardiaceae) gave positive responses in all four tests. PMID:11507731
Full Text Available Two women's texts from postcolonial countries, Mexico and South Africa, on different continents show surprising correspondences in subject matter and style. Elena Poniatowska’s Hasta no verte Jesús mío (Till I meet you, my Jesus and Elsa Joubert's Die swerfjare van Poppie Nongena (The journey of Poppie Nongena examples of testimonial writing, both address issues of gender and politics in an innovative way. They combine autobiography and biography to render a dramatic account of social injustice despite their disparate backgrounds/cultures and subtle differences in style. In comparison, the texts not only affirm the validity of women’s writing and contribute to its enrichment, but also constitute a valuable contribution towards the formulation of a general feminist aesthetics. In fact, they illustrate conclusively that comparative literature fulfils a vital function in the exploration and interpretation of women's literature from different cultures.
Full Text Available Dans cet article on analyse la reconstruction du présent dans le roman de Marguerite Yourcenar Mémoires d’Hadrien. La définition de cette oeuvre comme une biographie imaginaire est la plus courante. Entre le II siècle et XX siècle il existe une distance énorme, néanmoins M. Yourcenar a su trouver ce qui lie ces deux époques. Quoiqu’elle s’intéresse à l’empereur Hadrien et à son ambiance, de façon paradoxale elle reconstruit le présent où elle vit, c’est–à–dire, les années qui suivent la Seconde Guerre mondiale. Hadrien présente pour M. Yourcenar l’idéal d’un homme politique. Ses anticipations reflètent les réalités de l’après-guerre. Ainsi l’empereur entrevoit la possibilité des Nations Unies, de l’OTAN, le rôle du pape dans la politique mondiale, les idées de la globalisation. Hadrien n’est pas lié avec un homme de politique concret. Cette reconstruction du présent dans Mémoires d’Hadrien est assez importante, car elle modifie le genre de cette oeuvre d’une „autobiographie imaginaire“ en „autobiographie imaginaire intellectuelle“.
Chacon, Hugo Alejandro
This qualitative study explores the journey of a Latino educator in becoming a bilingual high school science teacher and university professor. It focuses on discovering how the practice of teaching and learning is shaped through social, psychological, and cultural factors. Through the use of an autobiographical method known as currere, the researcher recounts personal and educational experiences that address important issues in education related to language, science, culture, and social class through the perspective of one doing the work. The study reviews the literature on autobiographical forms of research in the field of education and suggests how autobiography in education, an emerging genre, holds the promise for creating new meanings of the self while at the same time attempts to develop a theory of autobiography that acknowledges the importance of people of color and other marginalized groups. Data collected include 22 hours of audiotaped recordings, conversations, and educational artifacts including notes from innovative classroom projects, lesson plans, conference presentations, computer files, graduate coursework, classroom videotaping, university course evaluations, and department memos. Findings of this study revealed that: (a) the process of becoming a transformative educator involves critical self-reflection on one's cultural/ethnic identity and linguistic heritage; (b) the importance of self-reflection on one's teaching is a critical component in moving towards a more culturally and linguistically responsive curriculum; (c) the bilingual educator can achieve a greater understanding of the important role in the maintenance, implementation, and promotion of minority language education through a reflective practice; and (d) the development of the underrepresented voice in education and the awakening to one's personal and philosophical worldviews is as important as the preparation one receives in becoming a bilingual teacher.
Thiele, Henry C.
The purpose of this interpretivist, teacher research study was to describe and explain how connections to a high school classroom are created among students, parents, and the teacher through the use of my website. The questions that guided the study are: (1) How does the use of a website affect the connection between students and the classroom experience? (2) How does the use of a website affect the connection between students and their teacher? (3) How does the use of a website affect the connection between parents and their students' classroom experience? The study was centered on the framework of currere which is a process that uses the past and future to bracket an experience before synthesizing the parts together to understand the overall meaning. Data were gathered through student reflections, student autobiographies, and student and parent questionnaires. Student autobiographies collected at the beginning and end of the year served as the regressive and progressive steps of currere, which bracketed weekly student reflections. The effects of the website on the classroom experience were revealed when I synthesized the student data with the information I had collected from parents, and from my own journal. The data were then presented in the form of narratives from the interpreted views of the students, parents, and the teacher. The study found that personal relationships are important and essential to creating an environment where the teacher can adapt to the changing needs of students and parents. The website provided a vehicle for the transfer of real time information between all the parties involved in the classroom experience. The website sped up the processes that led to a belonging classroom, a community of learners. An unexpected finding was the stakeholders were empowered to use the website to shape the development of the classroom experience throughout the school year.
Full Text Available Arthur Schnitzler, écrivain et médecin, nous dit dans son autobiographie que les maladies mentales l’attirent surtout pour ce qu’elles ont de « poétique ou du moins de littéraire ». à partir d’un fait divers tragique (un individu dément tue son frère, authentique cas de paranoïa meurtrière, Schnitzler veut nous montrer par la fiction, que l’expertise de la littérature est supérieure à l’expertise médicale pour sentir et traduire la complexité des situations singulières. Il construit sa démonstration en puisant autant dans ses connaissances neurologiques et psychiatriques positives que dans la tradition de la médecine romantique et dans le conte fantastique.In his autobiography, writer and doctor Arthur Schnitzler (1862-1931 tells us that mental illnesses draw him especially by whatever may be their “poetic or at least literary” qualities. Referring to a tragedy reported in the news (a mentally ill person kills his brother – an authentic case of murderous paranoia, Schnitzler undertakes to show us, through fiction, that literary expertise is superior to medical expertise for feeling and translating the complexity of singular situations. He builds his demonstration drawing as much on his knowledge of the neurological sciences and psychiatry as he does the tradition of romantic medicine and tales of the fantastic.
Doris Lessing(1919-)is one of the most important British contemporary writers .In 2007,she won the Nobel Prize as“the epicist of the female experience who with skepticism fire and visionary power has subjected a divided civilization to scruti -ny”.Under My Skin is the first volume of Lessing’s autobiography.Lessing’s growing process is the main line of her autobiogra-phy.Based on the linear structure , Lessing flexibly uses other temporal narrative techniques , supported with unique spatial narra-tive skills, which add new meanings to her autobiography , and can make the audience understand the writer more deeply , thour-oughly, and objectively .%多丽丝·莱辛（1919-）是当代英国最重要的作家之一。2007年，她以“女性经验的史诗作者，以其怀疑的态度、激情和远见，清楚地剖析了一个分裂的文化”获得诺贝尔文学奖。《在我的皮肤下》是莱辛自传的第一卷。自传以莱辛的成长过程为主线。在线性时间结构的基础上，莱辛灵活使用时间叙事技巧，并辅以独特的空间叙事技巧，为莱辛的自传增添不少色彩；这种独特的叙事结构，也使读者能更加深入、全面、客观地看待作者。
Full Text Available Ingmar Bergman (1918–2007 wrote his autobiography The Magic Lantern (Laterna magica, 1987 5 years after he had finished his film career with Fanny and Alexander, his last feature made for the cinema screen. This arguably marked the second stage of his strictly literary career, the first being his plays for the stage in the 1940s. The Magic Lantern is of interest from an intermedial perspective in its forthright theatricalization or cinematization of the written text and the self-conscious performativity of its authorial voice. Of particular interest is the way the narrator turns into a kind of distanciated autobiographical witness, which in turn reminds the reader of the inherent narrative split in the autobiographical genre between the enunciating subject speaking from the present, and the described subject, the younger self in the past. In doing so the narrator seems to turn language itself into a performative venue: the medium of words becomes a theatrical stage or a cinematically charged mise-en-scène for memory as such.This is of course not only stylistically elegant, for what can be more natural than a film- and theater director who, as the very title of the autobiography announces, turns memories into cinematic and theatrical performances? But even more interesting is the extent to which Bergman in doing so seems to conjur forth his biographical legend, reminding the reader of who is in charge of text: the narrator becomes the director of the text, so to speak, lighting and setting the stage.Besides this artful approach, Bergman also clearly fictionalized his life in other ways, which is corroborated by the private note books and original manuscripts that the writer of this paper has gained access to.
萧红作为一位以个体生命体验创作的天才作家，她的自叙体散文对于了解萧红的创作心理与创作情感，以及个人生活，具有很高的研究价值。试以萧红的自叙体散文为研究对象，尤以《商市街》为主要分析文本，以女性主义的视角分析萧红对“乞妇”这一“身份”的自我认同，探索萧红对“乞妇”身份的接受历程，对女性“女儿”“妻子”“母亲”三重社会身份的放弃，以实现对男权主流社会的反叛和对男性主流文学的疏离。%Xiao Hong, as a talented writer with individual life experience , her autobiography also is of great value for us to understand her writing mentality and emotion and her personal life .Based on her autobiography , especially on the Commer-cial Street , the paper analyzed the identity of beggar woman and the abandon of triple identities of the daughter , the wife and the mother from the feminist perspective in order to realize the rebellion against the patriarchal society and the alienation of the mainstream literature dominated by men.
J. Sergio Leite Lopes
Full Text Available TRATA-SE da apresentação e análise de uma rara autobiografia romanceada feita por um trabalhador e entregue aos pesquisadores após entrevista realizada com o autor em trabalho de campo na vila operária da cidade de Paulista, em Pernambuco. Apesar de apresentar metáforas e fábulas comuns ao gênero de literatura para leitura em voz alta, como o cordel, o autor domina uma narrativa elaborada com três versões de uma história comum, vista por três personagens, com pequenos mistérios e surpresas: só no meio da narrativa é que o leitor percebe se tratar de uma autobiografia. Por meio de uma narrativa ficcional de sua história vivida, o autor aborda suas origens rurais, a importância de alguns membros do grupo familiar na sua infância e adolescência; aspectos não-revelados nas entrevistas que versavam sobre sua participação recente no trabalho industrial. A experiência de migração para os centros metropolitanos, a diversidade de trabalhos na indústria, a relação com a leitura e a autodidaxia desse filho caçula são fatores, como em outras autobiografias operárias de que se tem conhecimento em escala internacional, para explicar esse trabalho reflexivo por escrito sobre o passado e suas origens sociais.IN THIS article is presented and analysed a rare ficional worker's autobiography given to the anthropologists after interviews in fieldwork done in the company-town located at the city of Paulista, Pernambuco. In spite of the use of fables and metaphors that are common to the literary genre for loud voice lecture, as cordel, the author masters an elaborate narrative with three versions of the same story, seen by three characters, with some mysteries and surprises: only in the middle of the text the reader perceives that it is an autobiography. Through fictional narrative of his living history, the author describes his rural origins and the importance of some members of his family unit in his childhood and youth; all non
Anna Garcia Busquets
Full Text Available Resum: En aquest article es presenta l’autobiografia espiritual en català Rahó de l’esperit (1709-1714 de la mística d’Olot Teresa Mir i March (1681-1764 i la Relació introductòria del seu pare espiritual, Esteve Gay, conservades en un testimoni únic, el manuscrit número 6 de la Biblioteca de Reserva de la Universitat de Barcelona. Se’n detalla l’estat de la qu?estió, la descripció i estructura del còdex, així com una anàlisi sumària dels diferents elements que el componen. S’aprofundeix en les dades biogràfiques de la beata a partir de la recerca arxivística. Es detallen les lectures de Mir durant els anys de redacció de Rahó de l’esperit (devocionaris i tractats espirituals, i es fa esment de com, a vegades, les representacions pictòriques i la imatgeria que tenia al seu abast l’ajudaven a formar les visions amb el seu poder evocador.Paraules clau: Estudis de gènere, Literatura catalana moderna, Autobiografia, MísticaAbstract: The article presents the spiritual autobiography in Catalan Rahó de l’esperit (1709-1714 by Teresa Mir i March (1681-1764, the mystic from Olot, and the introductory panegyric text by Esteve Gay, her spiritual father. The source is the unique documented testimonial: the manuscript number 6, Rare Book and Manuscript Library of the University of Barcelona. Further details on the issue are a description and the codex structure as well as a summary analysis of its different elements and a further learning of the blessed young lady‘s biography through archive research. A listing of Mir’s readings at the time Rahó de l’esperit (prayer books and spiritual treatises was written and details of how sometimes the powerful evocative pictorial representations and imagery she had access to, helped her conform her visions.Keywords: Gender studies, Modern Catalan literature, Autobiography, Mysticism
Much has been written about Lise Meitner, but she remains on the periphery. Of her pioneering work in nuclear physics, little is said; she is remembered primarily for nuclear fission, a discovery in which she did not share. Especially in Germany the staging seldom varies: Otto Hahn in the spotlight, Fritz Strassmann in his shadow, Lise Meitner in the wings, dimly outlined in reflected light. Her role is open to speculation. One writer sees her work 'crowned by the Nobel Prize for Otto Hahn', another, once director of an institute that bears her name, portrays her as the physicist who obstructed the discovery from the start. Often she is cast as Hahn's Mitarbeiterin; sometimes she is completely invisible, as in one of the world's great science museums, which for 30 years displayed the fission apparatus-equipment assembled by Lise Meitner on a table in her laboratory in her physics section of the Kaiser-Wilhelm-Institut fuer Chemie - without ever mentioning her name. The principals themselves do not agree. In his memoirs, Hahn has remarkably little to say of this closest colleague and friend. From Lise Meitner herself we have no autobiography. Available, however, is the large collection of letters and documents she has left behind, and these make it possible for us to learn much more. (orig./BBR)
Schweitzer was one of the leading physicians of the last century. He overcame not only the boundaries of humanities and natural sciences, but also the boundaries of Europe and Africa. He has become a symbol of humanity. But the person of Albert Schweitzer was almost in danger of disappearing behind it. "My hair starts to turn gray. My body begins to feel the exertions I have undertaken, and the burden of the years". This is how the 56-year-old Schweitzer ended his autobiography "Out of my life and thought" in 1931. Even 50 years after Schweitzer's death in 1965, there is still no coherent scientific reappraisal of his work. Part of the posthumous manuscripts was published in recent years in a critical edition, including first biographies that are no longer considered as hagiography, as they would have been in the contemporary literature. The legacy, however, is scattered. Much of the correspondence and the library are located in Schweitzer's former house in Gunsbach in Alsace. The manuscripts are mainly stored in the Central Library Zurich, but also in the Syracuse University New York, while the personal bequest is in the hands of his family or collectors. This presentation is part of a biographical approach and depicts the last weeks in the life of Albert Schweitzer. PMID:26676475
Sofiya Viktorovna Melnikova
Full Text Available The initial thesis of my article is the unity between ecclesiastic and secular literature which Russian culture has preserved in the Modern period. The interrelation of ecclesiastic and secular traditions is shown here on the example of the Siberian regional literary process in the 19th century. We primarily focus on non-fiction written by the Orthodox clergy: memoirs, autobiographies, travel notes. Memoirs were a new phenomenon in church literature of late 18th – early 19th centuries. These compositions were of special significance for the literature of Siberia: half of all memoirs of Siberians at that time were written by priests and missionaries. We argue that memoirs of the clergy can be considered not only as sources on the history of the Russian church, but also as cultural texts and literary monuments. All major features of the 19th century Siberian regional literature are conspicuous here: a focus on Siberia proper, a combination of art and non-fiction, a special importance of prevalence of a genre of travel notes, etc. In their genre poetics and language, memoirs of the clergy also followed the practices of secular literature, which made them an integral part of the regional historical and literary process. At the same time, literary works of the clergy preserved the specific features of religious consciousness and the link with traditional church literature, primarily hagiography and pilgrim travelogues. It can be seen, for example, in the sacralization of the Siberian space and the strong emphasis on apostolic service.
Dave Eggers's memoir is an important addition to the tradition of autobiography in America, and offers significant contributions to our understanding of creativity, sublimation, and the psychology of the memoir-writing process. A Heartbreaking Work of Staggering Genius is really two books--an autobiographical narrative about unbearable suffering, and a book of psychoanalytic commentary on the challenges of writing a memoir about catastrophic loss and trauma. The main narrative suggests the psychological resilience it takes to contain unbearable suffering. The metanarrative renders transparent the mind of someone who is both remembering his losses and constantly reflecting upon the process of writing about them. Eggers's identification with authorship, rather than bereavement or traumatization, may have played an important role in containing his affect and his sense of self when the heartbreaking events were originally unfolding. But a price is paid when a son uses his art to construct a new identity as an author--unconscious conflicts, primitive affect, anxieties about failing, as well as guilt about succeeding--consequences often missed by readers. Heartbreaking is a palimpsest, a story about story-telling superimposed on tales of death and survival, but its messages will be missed unless all its parts are preserved when being read or studied. PMID:21980140
Full Text Available This essay examines the influence of Aby Warburg and the Warburg Institute, as mediated by Edgar Wind, on R.B. Kitaj from the late 1950s until his death in 2007. It is based on research in the National Portrait Gallery, the Warburg Institute Archive, the Wind archives in Oxford, Kitaj’s unpublished autobiography and correspondence between the author and the artist dating back to 1972. It explores Kitaj’s creative response to Warburg’s brand of cultural history which encouraged his early eschewal of the prevailing focus upon formal values in favour of ‘symbolic images’ and suggestive content. This tendency was enhanced by his increasing celebration of his Jewishness and aspirations towards the creation of ‘a Jewish art like the Egyptian figurative style’. Kitaj’s portrait of Ernst Gombrich (1986 was commissioned by the National Portrait Gallery at a time when he was becoming obsessed with his Jewish project while Gombrich was confirming his rejection of the category Jewish, in other than a religious context, altogether. Discussion of Jewishness and the arts in the twentieth century is supplemented by the identification of David Allan’s Origin of Painting (done in Italy in 1775 as the inspiration for Kitaj’s Los Angeles series of pictures in which his late, lamented wife is depicted as the Hebrew deity, Shekinah.
Nelson Rodríguez Arratia
Full Text Available En este artículo se reflexiona sobre el carácter biográfico de la obra de Stella Díaz; los vínculos imaginarios entre vida y poesía que dejan entrever los claroscuros de una voz y el temple de un alma femenina. La reflexión, a través de cuatro poemas, determina el sentido de una historia personal y colectiva junto al dolor, la muerte y el olvido. Aquí se sostiene que la lírica es la escritura privilegiada de la autobiografíaThis article reflects on the biographical character of the work of Stella Díaz Marin; the imaginary bonds between life and poetry that let a glimpse of the chiaroscuros of a voice and the character of a feminine soul. The reflection, through four poems, determines the sense of a personal and collective history touching pain, death and forgetfulness. At this point, she states that lyricism is the privileged writing style of the autobiography
Cohler, Bertram J
Personal literature may be written either as a life story such as an autobiography or memoir or as an autobiographical novel. Using the three volumes comprising the memoir of author Paul Monette and the three volumes comprising the autobiographical fiction trilogy of journalist and novelist Edmund White, this article explores the goal of each author for selecting a particular genre in which to write about lived experience. Each author enjoyed an elite education and came to adulthood in postwar America in the decade prior to the gay rights era beginning in the 1970s, and each writer participated in the sociosexual culture emerging over the succeeding decade. Each writer became HIV+ in the 1980s (Monette died of complications attending AIDS in 1995), and each writer experienced the loss of his lover to AIDS. While Monette and White each experienced the anti-gay prejudice of postwar American society, Monette's youth was less troubled than that of White who grew up in a complex family with a distant yet harsh father toward whom he was also sexually attracted. While Monette's goal in writing a memoir was that the suffering of his generation of gay men should be remembered, White's goal was more personal, choosing autobiographical fiction in his effort to overcome his feelings of shame about being gay founded on his desire for his father. PMID:18826166
Lars Ole Bonde
Full Text Available In August 2013, the Centre for Music and Health published its first anthology in English - ‘Musical Life Stories’. In the Anthology, 17 authors from 6 countries present their research on the influence of music in a lifelong health perspective. A unique feature of the book is a collection of “personal narratives” by the authors. 13 of the authors wrote a short, free-form narrative about the influence of music on their own identity and health from a life span perspective. This article describes a thematic analysis of the 13 narratives. I investigated the question “Do these music therapy/music psychology researchers use music for their own health in different ways than lay people?” The themes identified are related to the international research literature on music and identity, as well as being considered in relation to the author’s study of health themes in the musical autobiographies of music therapy students at Aalborg University (DK. The analysis reveals that the researchers’ appreciation and appropriation of music’s affordances are basically the same as those reported by music therapy students and lay people.
Horton, Caroline L.; Malinowski, Josie E.
In this paper we argue that autobiographical memory (AM) activity across sleep and wake can provide insight into the nature of dreaming, and vice versa. Activated memories within the sleeping brain reflect one’s personal life history (autobiography). They can appear in largely fragmentary forms and differ from conventional manifestations of episodic memory. Autobiographical memories in dreams can be sampled from non-REM as well as REM periods, which contain fewer episodic references and become more bizarre across the night. Salient fragmented memory features are activated in sleep and re-bound with fragments not necessarily emerging from the same memory, thus de-contextualizing those memories and manifesting as experiences that differ from waking conceptions. The constructive nature of autobiographical recall further encourages synthesis of these hyper-associated images into an episode via recalling and reporting dreams. We use a model of AM to account for the activation of memories in dreams as a reflection of sleep-dependent memory consolidation processes. We focus in particular on the hyperassociative nature of AM during sleep. PMID:26191010
Full Text Available Lenny Kaye has been Patti Smith’s long term guitarist, friend and collaborator, ever since they first began together in the early 1970s. He grew up between New York and New Jersey, graduating in American History from Rutgers University, where he later taught a course in the Department of American Studies on the History of American Rock, which became famous because of the large number of students who wanted to enroll in it. A very prolific writer and musician, he has produced an important number of records, as well as collaborated with numerous music magazines. He is the author of two books, Waylon Jennings: An Autobiography (1996 and You Call it Madness, The Sensuous Song of the Croon (2004. Nuggets (1972, his anthology of 60s garage music, is famous for defining the genre. This interview took place when he was visiting Spain in November 2012 with the Patti Smith Group. In it, we discussed the New York scene of the 70s, music, literature, drugs, politics, and many other things.
Alejandro Hernán Morea
Full Text Available Los sucesos de mayo iniciaron el proceso revolucionario que iba a culminar con la declaración de Independencia del Virreinato del Río de la Plata de la corona española. En este contexto, el Ejército Auxiliar del Perú, se transformó en uno de los principales instrumentos con los que contó la elite revolucionaria para consolidarse en el poder. El presente trabajo pretende abordar uno de los fenómenos más recurrentes dentro del ejército, las deserciones, a partir de las memorias y autobiografías de aquellos que se desempeñaron como oficiales en dicho ejército entre 1811 y 1820. The events of May started the revolutionary process that culminated with the independence of the River Plate Viceroyalty from the Spanish Crown. In this context, the Auxiliary Army of Peru turned into one of the most important instruments that the revolutionary elite had to consolidate their power. This work aims to analyze one of the most recurrent problems inside the Army; namely desertion, from the memories and autobiographies of the officers of this Army between 1811 and 1820.
Full Text Available Indonesian nationalist Gatot Mangkupraja (1898-1968 was politically active throughout his adult life that extended over the turbulent periods called tiga jaman ('three eras' under the Dutch, the Japanese, and the Indonesian administration but he never reached real prominence, and is remembered primarily for his role in the formation of PETA (Pembela Tanah Air, Defenders of the Homeland. Gatot's fame rests on his own statement that he presented to the Japanese occupation authorities an impassioned petition written in his own blood pleading them to allow the Indonesians to form their own defence force. He made this statement in his memoirs, which were published in the journal Indonesia under the title: 'The PETA and My Relations with the Japanese; A Correction of Sukarno's Autobiography'. Some people cast doubt about the reliability of his statement, which resulted in heated debate in Indonesia in 1975. This debate however failed to clarify the issue in part because people’s access to source materials was limited at that time. Gatot's memoirs merit re-examination because they concern some key issues in modern Indonesian history and also because his memoirs, often cited uncritically, are, as this article will show, riddled with inaccuracies, both large and small.
Full Text Available As is the case after most wars, there has been a flood of material of varying quality on the so-called “BushWar”. Much of this material is written by lay historians. The method of the historian is explained in an attempt to clarify why it is more difficult and more time-consuming for the historian to produce history, than it is for the journalist to produce popular-historical literature. The task of the historian can be facilitated by improving the accessibility of documents. However, the unauthorized destruction of documents, official papers in private possession, document security, inadequate or fragmentary primary sources, and the existance of relatively few memoirs and autobiographies can prove problematic. The writer suggests that a general amnesty for soldiers, increased flexibility with regard to security and the closer involvement on the part of the soldier on the ground, will go a long way to improving the conditions under which military historical research takes place.
Adams, Jennifer; Luitel, Bal Chandra; Afonso, Emilia; Taylor, Peter Charles
This forum constitutes a cogenerative inquiry using postcolonial theory drawn from the review paper by Zembylas and Avraamidou. Three teacher educators from African, Asian and Caribbean countries reflect on problems confronting their professional practices and consider the prospects of creating culturally inclusive science education. We learn that in Mozambique, Nepal and the Caribbean scientism patrols the borders of science education serving to exclude local epistemological beliefs and discourses and negating culturally contextualized teaching and learning. Despite the diverse cultural hybridities of these countries, science education is disconnected from the daily lives of the majority of their populations, serving inequitably the academic Western-oriented aspirations of an elite group who are "living hybridity but talking scientism." The discussants explore their autobiographies to reveal core cultural values and beliefs grounded in their non-Western traditions and worldviews but which are in conflict with the Western Modern Worldview (WMW) and thus have no legitimate role in the standard school/college science classroom. They reflect on their hybrid cultural identities and reveal the interplay of multiple selves grounded in both the WMW and non-WMWs and existing in a dialectical tension of managed contradiction in a Third Space. They argue for dialectical logic to illuminate a Third Space wherein students of science education may be empowered to challenge hegemonies of cultural reproduction and examine reflexively their own identities, coming to recognize and reconcile their core cultural beliefs with those of Western modern science, thereby dissipating otherwise strongly delineated cultural borders.
Full Text Available The Irish poet Richard Murphy published his autobiography “The kick: a life among writers” in 2003. From a slightly different perspective the subtitle of this work could be rewritten as “A life in writing” since it is an account of the agencies that moulded a life devoted to creative writing which forms the book’s essential impetus. The memoir is based on notebooks which Murphy kept throughout his life “to hold the scraps of verse, elusive images, dreams, desires and revelations” to be developed into poetry. Apart from contextualising his poetry by registering the relationships, circumstances and landscapes from which it germinated, Murphy also tells of the creative process itself and the personal poetics underlying this process. This article explores what is regarded as the central determining feature of Murphy’s identity as poet, namely the relationship between the creative self and a particular place, where the concept of “place” is seen as a cultural palimpsest which represents not only physical qualities, but also the shaping and development of the landscape through time according to a certain way of life.
Thomas Gold (1920-2004) had a curious mind that liked to solve problems. He was one of the most remarkable astrophysicists in the second half of the twentieth century, and he attracted controversy throughout his career. Based on a full-length autobiography left behind by Thomas Gold, this book was edited by the astrophysicist and historian of science, Simon Mitton (University of Cambridge). The book is a retrospective on Gold’s remarkable life. He fled from Vienna in 1933, eventually settling in England and completing an engineering degree at Trinity College in Cambridge. During the war, he worked on naval radar research alongside Fred Hoyle and Hermann Bondi – which, in an unlikely chain of events, eventually led to his working with them on steady-state cosmology. In 1968, shortly after their discovery, he provided the explanation of pulsars as rotating neutron stars. In his final position at Cornell, he and his colleagues persuaded the US Defense Department to fund the conversion of the giant radio tele...
Horton, Caroline L; Malinowski, Josie E
In this paper we argue that autobiographical memory (AM) activity across sleep and wake can provide insight into the nature of dreaming, and vice versa. Activated memories within the sleeping brain reflect one's personal life history (autobiography). They can appear in largely fragmentary forms and differ from conventional manifestations of episodic memory. Autobiographical memories in dreams can be sampled from non-REM as well as REM periods, which contain fewer episodic references and become more bizarre across the night. Salient fragmented memory features are activated in sleep and re-bound with fragments not necessarily emerging from the same memory, thus de-contextualizing those memories and manifesting as experiences that differ from waking conceptions. The constructive nature of autobiographical recall further encourages synthesis of these hyper-associated images into an episode via recalling and reporting dreams. We use a model of AM to account for the activation of memories in dreams as a reflection of sleep-dependent memory consolidation processes. We focus in particular on the hyperassociative nature of AM during sleep. PMID:26191010
Oscar Calavia Sáez
Full Text Available A autobiografia, gênero central na bibliografia escrita por ou sobre indígenas nos Estados Unidos, está ausente na bibliografia equivalente no Brasil. Este trabalho questiona as razões desse contraste, resumindo análises sobre a peculiaridade cultural do gênero autobiográfico - profundamente vinculado à formação do indivíduo ocidental -, sobre sua possível tradução ameríndia e sobre as formas pelas quais o sujeito histórico indígena tem sido construído no Brasil.Autobiography, widely present in bibliography written by or about the indigenous people in the US, is seldom found in equivalent texts produced in Brazil. This article raises and discusses reasons for this contrast. It brings to light problems involving cultural peculiarities of the autobiographic genre - profoundly connected to the formation of the occidental individual -, the possibilities of its Amerindian translation and the specific aspects by which the historical indigenous subject has been constructed in Brazil.
Richard B. Woodbury
Full Text Available There are many sources easily available to those interested in uncovering parts of archaeology's past They range from the factual chronicle (as in Glyn Daniel's A Hundred Years of Archaeology, the personal essay, reminiscing about one's colleagues (as in Gordon R. Willey's Portraits in American Archaeology, the analysis of ideas and theory (as in Bruce G. Trigger's survey of centuries in his A History ofArchaeological Thought or Paul Corbin's Binford-bashing (inter alia in What is Archaeology?, the romp through the deceptions and follies that have committed in archaeologies name (as in Stephen Williams' Fantastic Archaeology and, years ago, Robert Wauchope's Lost Tribes and Sunken Continents, to the landmark publications of archaeology's earlier years (such as Squier and Davis' Ancient Monuments of the Mississippi Valley or John Aubrey's Monumenta Britannica. For a more personal approach (archaeology is done by people, after all, there are a wealth of biographies and autobiographies. A few of my favorites among those who have written about themselves and their work are the books by O.G.S. Crawford, Max Mallowan, Samuel Noah Kramer, J. Eric S. Thompson, and Mortimer Wheeler (what a varied group of people!. There are also many excellent biographies, such as those of Max Uhle by John H. Rowe, Augustus and Alice LePlongeon by Lawrence G. Desmond, and Phyllis M. Messenger, and Pitt Rivers by Mark Bowden, to mention only a few. All of these offer views into archaeology's history that are available in no other way.
Milanović Biljana S.
Full Text Available The correspondence of the composer and writer Milenko Paunović (1889-1924 has a great role in revealing different aspects of his life, work and mind. Nearly 100 letters are preserved, most of which belong to his correspondence with his family and particularly with his sister Jelena Paunović, a pianist. One part of Jelena's correspondence with other persons gives us also diverse information about her brother. All the saved letters are kept in the holdings of the Institute of Musicology and the Serbian Archive. Paunović's correspondence is discussed from several viewpoints. In the introduction of the article is given a brief survey and description of the correspondence (according to the list enclosed at the end of the text. This is followed by analysis of some of Jelena's letters that clarify certain facts about the posthumous fate of Paunović's works. In the two central parts of the article the correspondence is observed as a source rich with information concerning Paunović's biography, dating and chronological systematization of his works as well as his (unrealized plans for performance. The concluding discussing is devoted to Paunović's personality, his ambitions, aspirations, relations to the others: it is possible to determine and explain his artistic creation like a specific autobiography and his correspondence speaks in favor of this thesis.
Hoskin, M. A.
Caroline Herschel (1750-1848) is famous as the discoverer of eight comets, and the author of an Index to Flamsteed's British Catalogue of Stars, which the Royal Society published at its own expense. She was the devoted collaborator of her brother William during the twenty years he spent 'sweeping' for nebulae; and in old age she reorganized William's 2500 nebulae into a zone catalog that enabled his son John to re-examine these objects systematically, a work for which she was awarded a Gold Medal of the RAS. Nevertheless, study of her autobiographies and other manuscripts shows that her attitude to astronomy was ambivalent. William had rescued her from drudgery in Hanover, and her primary concern was to express her gratitude to him, even when his interests turned from music to astronomy and as a result she was required to abandon her career as a singer. Yet although the decision was hers, she often resented the sacrifice she had made. She emerges as a complex and often troubled personality, very different from the serene observer of legend.
Holt, Robert R
The story of the young Freud's search for a brilliant career, familiar from his autobiography and standard sources, and of other relevant aspects of his adolescence, is reviewed in light of hypotheses about his unconscious fantasies. His plan to become a lawyer underwent a gradual change into a wish to make a great contribution to knowledge, like Darwin. But how did hearing the essay "On Nature" read tip the balance toward medicine? The author argues that an answer requires treating that text much the way an analyst interprets a dream or a set of free associations, and proceeds to do so. "On Nature" also foreshadows numerous themes in Freud's mature writings and in his professional practice. The paper concludes with reflections on activity and passivity in Freud's personality and professional work, and with a discussion of ways in which Darwin's theories and those of his followers revived interest in Nature-philosophy, themes from which, rather than the furor sanandi, drew Freud finally to medicine. PMID:23566005
Full Text Available The autobiographical process involves not just reporting on past events, reconstructing one’s life history, but replaying events in different voices and modes. It may be that the autobiographer is motivated by the desire to impose one version of her or his life and to scotch the others. Even then, however, other versions, the ones under erasure, often show through the fabric – the fabrication – and we detect their traces in the turns of the rhetoric. Thus, in autobiography, the real agenda is often underneath, either because a less official motive lurks behind the manifest ones or because what really drives the project of selfscrutiny is something only progressively revealed in the process of writing. This issue takes into consideration the structuring implications of turning points in the account of a life and the roles of the converse forces of forgetting and subjective destabilisation. There are two ways of looking at turning points: either as causative agents of order and coherence or as metaphors – as provisional, semi-fictional, forensic, cognitive instruments. In the latter case, they belong to an active, performative, conjectural, self-revising process, and they complement a version of autobiographical memory that involves a constant interplay of remembering and forgetting.
Full Text Available What is mathematics? The difficulty of having a precise, universal definition of mathematics has led prospective teachers to define the term in ways that make sense to them. This paper is part of a larger research project conducted in 2000 in an Ontarian university, Canada. The objectives were to identify and discuss conceptualizations of mathematics that prospective teachers brought to their preparation program and to explore the implications of such conceptualizations in terms of teaching and learning. It was believed that both the identification tools and understandings of prospective teachers’ conceptualizations of mathematics were significant for designing an effective pedagogy in accordance with mathematics reform-based perspectives. The research sample consisted of ten prospective teachers enrolled in a one-year bachelor of education program at an Ontarian university. The research used mathematics autobiographies of the respondents and semi-structured interviews of them as sources of data. Guided by the theory of personal construct for analysis of the data, the results showed that the respondents conceptualized mathematics in terms of metaphor, metonymy and combination of the two. The conclusion explores implications of such conceptualizations for mathematics teaching, learning and assessment.
Francisco J. Mangano Molero
Full Text Available Venezuela lived a situation of constant civil wars that prevented the consolidation of a strong centralized state that would ensure order and peace in the mid-nineteenth century. Different warlords from different regions maintained a constant struggle to find the control of central power. Many of them struggled to maintain autonomy and more ostentatious or influence in other regions of their homelands will their areas of influence, who will fight tirelessly to maintain their autonomy. This paper tries to decipher the ties of solidarity who were born between the elite of Maracaibo and Paez, one of the principal leaders of the historical period studied. To this end we will use documentary sources of the Historical Archives of Zulia, which provided key details about the assistance provided by Paez to Maracaibo, and their tenacity in the fight against Monagas, in addition, the Autobiography of José Antonio Páez, who provided his own brand of civil war in 1848 and 1849. Having as one's methodological tools of historical study will seek to recognize what were the ties that marked this process key to understanding the political development of the nation.
This final report will summarize research that relates to human behavioral health and performance of astronauts and flight controllers. Literature reviews, data archival analyses, and ground-based analog studies that center around the risk of human space flight are being used to help mitigate human behavior and performance risks from long duration space flights. A qualitative analysis of an astronaut autobiography was completed. An analysis was also conducted on exercise countermeasure publications to show the positive affects of exercise on the risks targeted in this study. The three main risks targeted in this study are risks of behavioral and psychiatric disorders, risks of performance errors due to poor team performance, cohesion, and composition, and risks of performance errors due to sleep deprivation, circadian rhythm. These three risks focus on psychological and physiological aspects of astronauts who venture out into space on long duration space missions. The purpose of this research is to target these risks in order to help quantify, identify, and mature countermeasures and technologies required in preventing or mitigating adverse outcomes from exposure to the spaceflight environment
Andrés Ríos Molina
Full Text Available El artículo analiza el caso de Alberto Nicolat Talocín: un paranoico que tuvo varios ingresos al Manicomio La Castañeda. Con base en sus autobiografías y la tesis escrita por el médico Gregorio Oneto Barenque, el autor reconstruye la forma en que el "loco" se relacionó con la institución terapéutica y con el lenguaje psiquiátrico. Además, se discute el papel del enfermo mental y el contexto cultural en la construcción del saber científico sobre las psicopatías.This article analyzes the case of Alberto Nicolat Talocín: a paranoic that was hospitalized several times in the lunatic asylum La Castañeda. On the basis of their autobiographies and the thesis written by doctor Gregorio Oneto Barenque, the author reconstruct the way "madmen" related to therapeutic institutions and psychiatric language. They also discuss the role of the mentally ill and the cultural context of the construction of scientific knowledge of psychopathies.
Anahi Rocio Pochettino
Full Text Available Este ensayo problematiza, en primer lugar, las interpelaciones entre la “ficción autobiográfica” de Severo Sarduy y el “biografema” de Roland Barthes, como una modulación en la pregunta acerca de formas de la simulación y de cómo escribir la propia autobiografía con otros. En segundo lugar, analiza la obra Teoría del Cielo de Arturo Carrera y Teresa Arijón, cuando a través de la imagen del tokonoma revisan el legado de Lezama Lima y Sarduy, e inscriben su experimentación biografemática en la tradición neobarroca. This essay problematizes, first, the interpellations between the concepts of “autobiographical fiction” from Severo Sarduy and “biografema” from Roland Barthes, as a modulation in the question of simulation and how to write the own autobiography with-others. Second, analyzes the work Theory of Heaven of Teresa Arijón and Arturo Carrera, when they review the heritage of Lezama Lima and Sarduy through the image of the tokonoma, and inscribe their biografemátical experimentation in the neo-baroque tradition.
Cohler, Bertram J
Identity may be understood both as a life-story, either told or written as memoir or autobiography, and also as a practice such as producing or acting in gay pornographic film, but always within the context of social and historical change. Study of the memoirs of gay men who have been actors and/or producers of gay pornographic films across three generation cohorts provides an opportunity for understanding the interplay of social change and life circumstances in making gay identity. This perspective on identity is illustrated through the study of the memoirs of three men from different cohorts who have produced and acted in gay pornographic films: Wakefield Poole, born in 1936; Scott O'Hara, born in 1961; and Aaron Lawrence, born in 1971. Differences in style and content of both memoir and practice in gay pornographic films reflect changing social expectations regarding men who have sex with men following the emergence of the gay rights movement and the AIDS epidemic. PMID:15451702
Full Text Available After Dewey (1933 and Schön (1983, 1987, education scholars began to look further at the concepts of reflection for learning. Following these concepts, there have been plenty of studies on reflection, particularly those discussing teachers’ classroom experiences and their endeavour to develop professional skills. However, educational practitioners in Indonesia (as in the rest of the world often criticise preservice teachers’ (PSTs lack of content knowledge, which they claim should be ‘prioritised’ during a teacher education course. Such pressing situations may have made it difficult to model or experience reflective practice. Against these odds, this research paper addresses issues related to the identity and professional development of thirteen English PSTs during their campus and school-based practicum in an Indonesian university. This study collected empirical data through PSTs’ reflective journals, questionnaires, individual interviews, focus group discussion, and autobiography. The study examines problems encountered by PSTs, namely their motivations to become teachers. This study signifies that teacher education needs to provide more reflective dialogues to shape PSTs’ identity and professionalism.
Full Text Available In assenza di Isoke Aikpitany, che non aveva potuto raggiungere Milano, Giuliana Nuvoli narra la sua storia e presenta il suo libro: Le ragazze di Benin- City. È un testo in cui si fondono più generi letterari: romanzo, autobiografia, confessione, documentario, testimonianza. E nel quale la protagonista/narratrice compie un percorso di formazione che la porta a una visione complessa del fenomeno della tratta delle ragazze nigeriane e alla necessità della denuncia.Un libro anomalo, diviso tra passato remoto, passato prossimo, presente, in cui la parola è sangue e carne; in cui il dolore e la rabbia si stemperano, nel finale, in accenti di speranza. Isoke: “now finally i am whole. and free” Unable to come to Milan, Giuliana Nuvoli tells Isoke Aikpitany’s story and presents her book: The girls of Benin-City. It is a text that blends multiple genres: part novel, part autobiography, part confession, part documentary, part testimonial.The protagonist/narrator completes a training course that leads to a complex vision of the phenomenon of trafficking in Nigerian women and the need for outcry.A strange book, divided between the distant past, the recent past, the present, where the word is flesh and blood. Pain and anger dissolve in the end, into a shimmer of hope.
Full Text Available Widespread atheism in the general population is one of the defining characteristics of twentieth-century British society, yet until very recently, it has largely been unregarded by historians. This study attempts to contribute to the remedy of this omission by considering autobiographies and oral histories of non-elite atheists between 1890 and 1980. It shows that atheisation (the transition from religious belief to atheism is principally a phenomenon of childhood and adolescence, with 80% of the sources becoming atheist by the age of twenty. The reasons the subjects gave for their irreligion were varied, of greatest significance were nearly two thirds who regarded religion as irrelevant to their lives, showing a lack of engagement with religion, its concepts and rituals. Many of these were from weakly religious or irreligious backgrounds who experienced ‘irreligious socialisation’, rendering religion irrelevant and contributed significantly to the progress of atheisation. Religious trauma, criticism of religion, personal trauma, radical politics, and rationalism accounted for similar proportions of reasons, and were mentioned by only 12–18% of sources. The potential influence of parental attitude to religion, other childhood experiences, religious education, reducing existential threat, historic events, and the social revolution of the 1960s are also considered as ‘unarticulated causes’ of the subjects’ irreligion.
Beginning in 1933, while working in New Guinea, Margaret Mead developed her so-called squares hypothesis. Mead never published its terms, though she made a brief comment on it in her autobiography, Blackberry Winter (1972), and the arguments found in Sex and Temperament in Three Primitive Societies (1935) and the research leading to Balinese Character (Bateson & Mead, 1942) bore its imprint. Beginning with William McDougall's distinction between temperament (innate predispositions) and character (learned organization of habit), Mead articulated a morphological approach to the interplay between biology and culture that yielded four primary and four intermediary personality types. Under specified but not inevitable circumstances, the conscious choices of a given people could render one or another of these types characteristic or predominantly stable within their population, giving each of the other types a definite relation to the dominant type and thereby the cultural ethos of its society. Persons of each type followed a developmental path specific to their type different both from that of other types and in its manifestations given the various relations of the individual's type to the dominant type. Mead's hypothesis was, therefore, a vision of the unity and diversity of a single human species as well as an approach to the differing psychological positioning of individuals in cultures. In examining Mead's hypothesis, this essay also takes up Mead's debts to several leading psychologists (McDougall, C. G. Jung, and Erik Erikson), and (provisionally) how her vision differed from that of Ruth Benedict. PMID:15048668
Winnicott signs off his celebrated review of Jung's (1963) autobiography Memories, Dreams, Reflections with the warning that translation of 'erreichten' as 'attained' (implying assimilation) rather than as 'reached to', could 'queer the pitch for further games of Jung-analysis'. This subtly underscores his view that Jung--who he described earlier as 'mentally split' and lacking 'a self with which to know'--remained essentially dissociated. However, Winnicott, whilst immersed in this work on Jung, wrote a letter to Michael Fordham describing himself as suffering 'a lifelong malady' of 'dissociation'. But this he now reported repaired through a 'splitting headache' dream of destruction, dreamt 'for Jung, and for some of my patients, as well as for myself' (Winnicott 1989, p. 228). Winnicott's recurrent concern during his last decade was with 'reaching to'--that quintessential Winnicottian term--some reparative experience that could address such difficulties in constellating a 'unit self'. This is correlated with his engagement with Jung and tracked through his contemporaneous clinical work, particularly 'Fear of Breakdown' (1963). Themes first introduced by Sedgwick (2008) and developed by the author's earlier 'Winnicott on Jung; destruction, creativity and the unrepressed unconscious' (2011) are given further consideration. PMID:25610959
Trang Thi Thu Tran
Full Text Available This study investigated EFL students’ and teachers’ perspectives and experiences of managing foreign language anxiety (FLA. Data were obtained from 49 student autobiographies, 18 student interviews, 8 teacher interviews and 351 student responses to an open-ended question. Content analysis was used to analyse the data with the use of NVivo. A dual-task approach to managing FLA (i.e. reducing its negative effects and taking advantage of its positive effects with specific strategies for students, teachers and other stakeholders was identified. The analysis also revealed important findings related to key stakeholders in FLA management, tensions in managing FLA, the extent to which students’ and teachers’ perceptions of FLA management matched, how they managed student FLA at university and the factors affecting students’ success in managing FLA. The findings of the study indicate that one should not expect a one size fits all model for FLA management, and emphasise the need to focus on working with FLA instead of only focusing on reducing it.
Reviews Book: The Quantum Story: A History in 40 Moments Resource: Down2Earth Equipment: Irwin Signal Generator/Power Amplifier Book: Laboratory Experiments in Physics for Modern Astronomy Book: Heart of Darkness Book: The Long Road to Stockholm Book: The Address Book: Our Place in the Scheme of Things Equipment: TI-Nspire Datalogger/Calculator Web Watch
WE RECOMMEND The Quantum Story: A History in 40 Moments Dip into this useful and accessible guide to quantum theory Down2Earth Astronomical-science resource enables students to pursue real, hands-on science, whatever the weather Irwin Signal Generator/Power Amplifier Students enjoy the novelty factor of versatile, affordable kit Laboratory Experiments in Physics for Modern Astronomy Book of experiments would make good supplementary material Heart of Darkness: Unravelling the Mysteries of the Invisible Universe Accessible and distinctive account of cosmology impresses The Long Road to Stockholm: The Story of MRI—An Autobiography Fascinating book tells personal and scientific stories side by side WORTH A LOOK The Address Book: Our Place in the Scheme of Things Entertaining and well-written essays offer insights and anecdotes TI-Nspire Datalogger/Calculator Challenging interface gives this kit a steep learning curve, but once overcome, results are good WEB WATCH Light-beam app game leaves little impression, while astronomy and astrophysics projects provide much-needed resources
Belinda Du Plooy
Full Text Available Fiela’s child and Sorg are two female-authored popular Afrikaans novels that entertain as subtext dynamics of female agency in the same region and historical period, namely the Little Karoo of the late 19th century. The two novels present a pertinent counter-discursive paradigm to the more mainstream master narrative representations of women of the time. The novels were written and published during the late-apartheid and early post-apartheid years, 1985 and 2006, respectively, and as a result of these dynamics of production, they also engage with the socio-politics of this time, maybe even more so than with the British imperial colonialist period in which the novels are set. As such, both novels step into the discursive streams that flow in and around the trauma work that is associated with South Africa’s contemporary engagement with its colonial and apartheid legacies and heritage. Both texts also contribute to the creation and popularisation of new national master narratives. It is then in this context that these texts can be seen as participating in the multivocal discursive project of new identity construction, specifically identity construction through the writing of a new heterogeneous national autobiography.
Full Text Available The second part of the word autobiography – bio – means life, in this instance referring to the story or account of a person’s life. But it can also be understood in the sense of being alive, of the fact of existence. Such interpretation of the concept of autobiography examines not only the construction of a life-story, but also other textual, poetic and stylistic devices that convey a personal perception of living. Such dimension of autobiography could also be referred to as self-writing. In this article, I seek to explore the meaning of the term self-writing, if it is not exactly the same as autobiographical writing: how a text as a whole might be a representation of a particular mode of “selfhood” expressed through textual figures distinct from the telling of a ”story.” The first part of the article is discussion of the concept of narrativity in the work of some philosophers such as Peter Lamarque and John Christman. According to them, narrativity is not a necessary precondition for coherent subjectivity; on the contrary, a steady and unified subjectivity is a precondition of autobiographical narrative identity. Paul Ricoeur distinguishes between identity and ipseity: identity can be changed without selfhood being lost; there is the role or contextual identification of the self, the “story” told of the self to the others. But the concept of ipseity is about the inner perception of selfhood and is not a ”story”, but expresses an idea of differentiating between self-writing and autobiography. In principle, this is a distinction where, on the one hand, the narrative identity as sameness is created in the past and, on the other hand, there is the ipseity, which is more oriented to the present and the future. While the story gives the “self” some coherence and teleology, we can, by different textual devices, observe the “gaps” in the coherence of the “self”, the ambivalence of self-perception, and the fleeing of
Full Text Available A new literary genre is theorised in the seventies in France, autofiction, which combines characteristics of autobiography (especially what is called the nominal pact, the fact the the first person narrative has the same name as the author’s and of fiction (especially what is called symbolic conversion, in that the facts are not entirely realistic. There are in fact two kinds of autofiction : one which emphasizes on fiction (for instance a novel called Truismes by Marie Darrieussecq and the other one whose interest resides on encoding the “author’s” voice. The last kind of autofiction, illustrated here by Christine Angot’s books published from early 90’s, has not been clearly defined by narratologists, because its definition requires a deeper commitment of scholars in social description that formalist literary studies are not able to give. The signification of this literature is not to be established by a post-romantic aesthetics, and one proof would be Christine Angot’s novel Inceste: a “her-story” told in direct speech, to which the reader listen more than he reads it. What is transmitted is more an emergency of talking underlining a forgotten force of literature: the “immediate” expression of a psyche, of a human energy. Is that literature or not? Is it “for real” or only a literary convention made to impress the reader and to suspend all “aesthetic judgment”?
Silverberg, Lawrence I
The term bibliotherapy has been defined by Russell and Shrodes as "a process of dynamic interaction between the personality of the reader and literature--an interaction which may be used for personality assessment, adjustment, and growth." In the clinical setting, the dynamics that promote change in a patient-reader can include identification, projection, introjection, catharsis, and insight. Clinicians may use bibliotherapy as a tool for patient treatment, medical diagnosis, and the prevention of illness related to psychosocial dysfunction, allowing for gradual and mutual insight into patient complaints over time. Bibliotherapy may display efficacy on intellectual, psychosocial, interpersonal, emotional, and behavioral levels. The author identifies two basic types of resources that are useful to clinicians administering bibliotherapy: didactic texts, which are instructive, and imaginative literature, which can be a literary text, biography, or autobiography and fosters an imaginative response from the patient-reader. The author identifies the advantages and risks of using bibliotherapy and explores its possible applications in osteopathic medical education, encouraging osteopathic medical educators to familiarize themselves with this treatment modality. PMID:12665221
Kundt, Wolfgang; Trümper, Manfred
This is an English translation of a paper by Wolfgang Kundt and Manfred Trümper, first published in 1962 in the proceedings of the Academy of Sciences and Literature in Mainz (Germany). The original paper was the last of a five-part series of articles containing the first summary of knowledge about exact solutions of Einstein's equations found until then. (All the other parts of the series have already been re-published as Golden Oldies.) This fifth contribution summarizes key points of the earlier papers and applies them, in particular results from papers II and IV in the series, in the context of the propagation of gravitational radiation when matter is present. The paper has been selected by the Editors of General Relativity and Gravitation for re-publication in the Golden Oldies series of the journal. This republication is accompanied by an editorial note written by Malcolm A.H. MacCallum and by a brief autobiography of Manfred Trümper.
Grysman, Azriel; Fivush, Robyn; Merrill, Natalie A; Graci, Matthew
Gender differences in autobiographical memory emerge in some data collection paradigms and not others. The present study included an extensive analysis of gender differences in autobiographical narratives. Data were collected from 196 participants, evenly split by gender and by age group (emerging adults, ages 18-29, and young adults, ages 30-40). Each participant reported four narratives, including an event that had occurred in the last 2 years, a high point, a low point, and a self-defining memory. Additionally, all participants completed self-report measures of masculine and feminine gender typicality. The narratives were coded along six dimensions-namely coherence, connectedness, agency, affect, factual elaboration, and interpretive elaboration. The results indicated that females expressed more affect, connection, and factual elaboration than males across all narratives, and that feminine typicality predicted increased connectedness in narratives. Masculine typicality predicted higher agency, lower connectedness, and lower affect, but only for some narratives and not others. These findings support an approach that views autobiographical reminiscing as a feminine-typed activity and that identifies gender differences as being linked to categorical gender, but also to one's feminine gender typicality, whereas the influences of masculine gender typicality were more context-dependent. We suggest that implicit gendered socialization and more explicit gender typicality each contribute to gendered autobiographies. PMID:27068433
Michelle A. Reyes
Full Text Available This article examines how Unger’s Confessions of a Beautiful Soul written by Herself creates a new model of moral acquisition. This model finds its place between religious morality and moral performance, calling for the novel’s protagonist, Mirabella, to cultivate a moral self through the spiritual practice of reading. Such a model still revolves around moral transformation, but it is no longer of her soul, but rather her thoughts; that is, Mirabella must first collect various depictions of morality from a wide scope of literature, then choose from these which ones she deems as of greatest importance to her, namely virginity and the control of the passions, and then apply these two concepts in great measure to her self. The proof of her successful cultivation is then evident in her physiognomy. This model is as new as it is radical; first, it provides an alternative to Goethe’s model in his fictional autobiography, Confessions of a Beautiful Soul; second, it contains implications for Mirabella in terms of both gender and class; finally, it allows for a new form of moral authenticity during a time of growing artifice in late eighteenth-century Germany. Foucault’s notions of self-cultivation in The Care of the Self, as well as the commentaries on physiognomy advanced in the works of Lavater and Winckelmann, provide the interpretive lens for this new model.
Davi F. Schreiner
Full Text Available The present research aims to analyze the social construction of subjectivity, as regarding the means of living through and interpreting social relations, and attributing meaning to individual or collective practices. The point of departure is Josef Umann’s autobiography: “Memories of a Bohemian Immigrant”. The narrative consists on the author’s experiences as a young man, his emigration from south Bohemia to south Brazil and his role on foundation of a new community: the colony of Santa Cecilia, situated in the state of Rio Grande do Sul. The struggle for better work conditions and wages in the factories, – as well as the contact with socialist ideologies – lead Umann to (reelaborate his own representations and meanings for social freedom- which could only be attained outside the factory. The emigration becomes, thus, the vehicle to the formation of a new setting – a novel ambience in which land, labor, freedom and even reciprocity, itself, are re-signified by the immigrant’s agency, becoming the core values of their "new" homeland’s way of life.
Marit Anne Hauan
Full Text Available A little book bites stuck. A trapper biography of Wanny Woldstad.Wanny Woldstad, who still is a well-known polar hero and made more and more famous the last decades through theater plays, songs and writings, wintered over at Svalbard as a trapper and hunter from 1932-37. She left her job as a taxi driver in Tromsø for a tiny little hut and a hunter’s life in Hornsund together with a man she just met. Nearly 20 years after returning to the civilization she wrote a book about her polar experience. Wintering as trappers and hunters seems to have also in a literary project and a lot of trappers have told them polar stories between book covers.Woldstad writes mainly about her first wintering. She is able to share that she in this first year was overwhelmed by her new surroundings; she was thrilled by the opportunity to hunt birds, foxes and polar bears. She describes enthusiastically nature and the hunting situations. Even everyday activities as making food, celebrating Christmas and writing diary are topics. In her book she gives credit to her partner as a teacher and mentor in the field of hunting and trapping. But through her writing she brings her own competence and capabilities in focus. Her book gives a profound knowledge of a year in on hunting station on Svalbard. It is written as a true story – an autobiography although retrospective, but has its elements of fiction.
本文剖析了纳博科夫的传记体小说《塞·奈特的真实生活》的叙事艺术，着重探讨了纳博科夫对小说叙述者的身份与功能的操纵。分析发现，纳博科夫通过“混淆”叙述者、次要人物和主人公三者的身份与功能为读者设置了一个没有“出路”的阅读“迷宫”，使小说读起来既像一部自传又似一部他传。%This paper deciphers the narrative art of Nabokov＇s bi- ographical novel The Real Life of Sebastian Knight and especial- ly demonstrates Nabokov＇s manipulation of the narrator＇s identi- ty and function. The study reveals that by ＂mixing＂ the identity and function of a narrator, a character and a hero Nabokov cre- ates for readers a reading labyrinth with no way out, making his novel look like a biography and an autobiography as well.
Full Text Available Die Autorinnen haben für die Beiträge eigene auto/biographische Erlebnisse ausgewählt, in denen der mediale Charakter von Technik deutlich wird. Die Geschichten erzählen also von Technik, die soziale Ordnung und Bedeutung vermittelt und auf diese Weise dazu beiträgt, Geschlechtergrenzen und andere Grenzen wie die zwischen „bekannt“ und „fremd“ oder „normal“ und „anormal“ herzustellen. Die Auto/Biographien sind durch Technik einerseits fremdbestimmt, andererseits zeigen die Autorinnen auch, wie Selbstbestimmung über diese Grenzen hinweg möglich ist. Sie benutzen Donna Haraways Cyborg Metapher (1985, um das Selbst in der Verflechtung von Sozialem und Technischem auto/biographisch zu rekonstruieren.The authors of this book have chosen examples from their individual life stories to illustrate the interpretative character of technology. These stories show how technology mediates social order and meaning and how technology thus contributes to negotiate gendered boundaries and other boundaries, for example, boundaries between “familiar” and “foreign” or “normal” and “abnormal”. The auto/biographies in this book are on the one hand influenced by technology; at the same time, the authors demonstrate that they are also able to transgress these boundaries. Using Haraway’s image of the cyborg (1985 the authors analyse the representation of the self within the interconnections of the social and the technical.
Many main-stream Harlem writers found every possible excuse to criticize Zora Hurston and her works, leading to her silence for nearly three decades. This paper attempts to dig out the truth of all those criticism----her different racial ideology. Through studying her micro-autobiography Slavery Gave Me Nothing To Lose and other works, it analyzes the different racial ideologies among Hurston, Langston Hughes and Richard Wright and uncovers the sources of those differences.%哈莱姆文艺复兴主流作家以各种为由责罚左拉·赫斯顿使之埋没了将近三十年，本文试图探讨这种责难背后的真相--赫斯顿所持的“另类”种族观。通过浓缩版自传Slavery Gave Me Nothing To Lose和其他作品研读，对比赫斯顿与兰斯顿·休斯、理查德·怀特作品中的种族观差异，并探究差异缘由。
Newman, Hannah J. H.; Howells, Karen L.; Fletcher, David
The general and sport psychology research converge to point to a complex relationship between depressive experiences and human performance. The purpose of this study was to explore the depressive experiences of top level athletes and the relationship of such experiences with sport performance. Twelve autobiographies of elite athletes representing eight sports were analyzed. The autobiographical analysis was informed by narrative tradition, using three types of narrative analysis: categorical content, categorical form, and holistic content. The analysis revealed a temporal aspect to the depressive experiences that the athletes reported. Initially, sport represented a form of escape from the depressive symptoms which had been exacerbated by both external stressors (e.g., experiencing bereavement) and internal stressors (e.g., low self-esteem). However, in time, the athletes typically reached a stage when the demands of their sport shifted from being facilitative to being debilitative in nature with an intensification of their depressive symptoms. This was accompanied by deliberations about continuing their engagement in sport and an acceptance that they could no longer escape from their symptoms, with or without sport. The findings extend the extant literature by suggesting a reciprocal relationship between depressive experiences and sport performance, and they support the general psychology literature relating to the negative impact of depression on performance. The applied implications of these findings are discussed emphasizing the importance of early identification of depressive symptoms and the adoption of a proactive approach in the prevention and management of symptoms. PMID:27375544
Luis W. Alvarez of the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), University of California, USA, won the Nobel Prize for physics of elementary particle in 1968. He was very famous physicist and concerned the World War II in some ways. He joined the radar research development at MIT Radiation Lab. in 1940, then he developed the magnetron and the ground-controlled approach (GCA) for blind landing of planes. Afterwards he joined the Manhattan Project to fabricate the atomic bombs. His career connecting to those is introduced partly based on his autobiography. In addition, introduced are two reports by two Japanese, the personal experience of Yoko Ota with radiation poisoning in Hiroshima, and the action of Takashi Nagai who assisted the victims of radiation poisoning in Nagasaki even if he had radiation poisoning himself, as well as a letter from Luis W. Alvarez to Ryokichi Sagane, which was put in the tube of atomic bomb energy measuring instruments. Nightmares of the Hiroshima view are also introduced. (S.Y.)
Amy L. Hubbell
Full Text Available For those exiled from Algeria during and after the Algerian War for Independence (1954-1962, sustaining memories of the homeland has been a consuming pastime. Food has especially played a large part in reconnecting Algeria’s former French citizens, the Pieds-Noirs, to their past. Annual gatherings feature typical dishes such as couscous, merguez, méchoui, mouna, which like the Proustian madeleine, transport the Pieds-Noirs to a preceding time of wholeness and comfort, allowing them to experience, if only fleetingly, a sense of immortality. While food has a reparative quality for the community’s memory, it is also the site of rejection and pain for some. Marie Cardinal writes about food as a site of unity with the indigenous Algerian community and rejection from her colonial French family. Similarly, in the collective autobiography Quatre soeurs: Hier, en Algérie, aujourd’hui en France, Frédérique Boblin, Eve Calo, Nelly Collet and Fabienne Rozotte explain their shared eating disorders as tied to their expulsion from Algeria. This essay demonstrates that the Pieds-Noirs can eat to remember Algeria, but the Algeria they knew can also prove to be inedible.
Fivush, Robyn; Habermas, Tilmann; Waters, Theodore E A; Zaman, Widaad
Autobiographical memory is a uniquely human form of memory that integrates individual experiences of self with cultural frames for understanding identities and lives. In this review, we present a theoretical and empirical overview of the sociocultural development of autobiographical memory, detailing the emergence of autobiographical memory during the preschool years and the formation of a life narrative during adolescence. More specifically, we present evidence that individual differences in parental reminiscing style are related to children's developing autobiographical narratives. Parents who structure more elaborated coherent personal narratives with their young children have children who, by the end of the preschool years, provide more detailed and coherent personal narratives, and show a more differentiated and coherent sense of self. Narrative structuring of autobiographical remembering follows a protracted developmental course through adolescence, as individuals develop social cognitive skills for temporal understanding and causal reasoning that allows autobiographical memories to be integrated into an overarching life narrative that defines emerging identity. In addition, adolescents begin to use culturally available canonical biographical forms, life scripts, and master narratives to construct a life story and inform their own autobiographical narrative identity. This process continues to be socially constructed in local interactions; we present exploratory evidence that parents help adolescents structure life narratives during coconstructed reminiscing and that adolescents use parents and families as a source for their own autobiographical content and structure. Ultimately, we argue that autobiography is a critical developmental skill; narrating our personal past connects us to our selves, our families, our communities, and our cultures. PMID:22044305
Maria Camino Bueno Alastuey
Full Text Available L’histoire a été écrite par les classes dominantes, vantant les mérites des colons et les démérites des colonisés. Ces deux points ont contribué à l’effacement des minorités, et plus particulièrement des femmes issues des minorités. Leurs premières apparitions dans les récits littéraires sont dues à des récits de type ethnographique puis à la naissance de mythes les intégrant. Je souhaiterais aborder ces deux éléments dans mon article: par le biais de deux autobiographies rédigées par des chicanas lors de la conquête du sud-ouest des États-Unis, usant des mots des colons; puis par l’approche des écrits d’une chicana contemporaine qui questionne la narration des événements historiques liés à sa communauté et reprend la figure de La Malinche pour étayer sa démonstration.
Gish, Jessica A; Vrkljan, Brenda
This study examines the embodied realities and sensory experience of vehicle ingress and egress from the point of view of older drivers. In-depth interviews were conducted with 15 women and three men, aged 57-81, and followed by ride-a-longs whereby the researcher observed participants in interaction with their automobile. Using the perspective of phenomenological gerontology and the concept of somatic work (Vannini, Waskul, & Gottschalk, 2012), older drivers are conceptualized as simultaneously sensing and making sense of somatic experience evoked by aging embodiment and the bodily movements required of entry and exit into an automobile. It is argued that older drivers acquire a sensory auto-biography of incorporated bodily memory regarding vehicle morphology and texture in their past and current life, which informs embodied capacities of movement, awareness, and response relative to practical knowledge about what is attainable (or unattainable) for a sensuous older body. Through reflective and reflexive engagement with the sensory realm and material world, participants report structuring their lives through the haptics of touch, adoption of somatic rules, consumerist practices, as well as, specialized bodily movements and footwork sequences to ensure safety and comfort when using their automobile. PMID:26880603
What an advantage, he, who is studying devil and witchcraft stories, would get with "Retrospective medicine" carried through the "Ecole de la Salpêtrière"? Those are collected in the Sister Jeanne des Anges autobiography plentiful annotations, printed by the "Bibliothèque Diabolique" from Bourneville (1886) and "Les démoniaques dans l'art", written by Charcot and Richer (1887). The first one is proposing to evoque the nun's symptoms as hysterical facts and to find every typical expression regarding that disease. It does not go thoroughly into the hallucinations content, that is to say the imaginative part of them, as well as contemporary people minding that hysteria remains unchanging year after year and that its cultural alterations are really uninteresting. Charcot and Richer's book asserts that the devilish is a devilish without fiend, that is why it is approving the Saint-Médard's convulsive people but, on the contrary, nothing is said about the bright witchcraft pictures. Then, despite its history, devilish contain is going hand to hand. Those historical studies are not trying to give a run down on a medical view of devilish approach but to make clear real hysterical knowledge; it means that before the medical deepening every one knows that dense disease. PMID:11640487
Full Text Available A unique quality of literature is that the text system is not just an instrument for conveying a literary message; the structure of the system is in itself meaningful. This article will closely examine the structural organisation and the functional significance of Koos Prinsloo’s short story “Die Jonkmanskas” . “Die jonkmanskas” is a story with a complex structure, written in the postmodernist idiom, and originated from three distinct stories. These embedded stories simultaneously work as commentaries, parodies and corrective devices, so that the ultimate interpretation of “Die jonkmanskas” is also determined through its structural code. An important aspect of this short story, which is highlighted by the structural code, is the interaction between the author’s text, the narrator’s text and the character’s text. In this [pseudo] autobiography the distinction between the actual author, the abstract author and the narrator is gradually erased, because time and again the narrator changes his role from character to narrator to author.
Full Text Available From Antiquity to the Enlightenment, several biographical writings from Parallel Lives of Plutarch to the Memoirs of Saint-Simon were practiced. However, the eighteenth century saw the first emergence of the autobiography of introspection in the works of Rousseau. This new literary creation, far from being a simple description of memories, contained the analytical study of Rousseau’s psychological evolution. Following the tempestuous years of composing the Confessions and the Dialogues, a period of quietude and interior consolation began with the Reveries. In this paper, through examining this final stage of Rousseau’s self-analysis, we attempt to procure the answer to the mental problems of modern man; the notions of solitude and falsehood which have been a tragedy for the man of today are herald of «Joie de vivre» in the Reveries. For this end, we examine the analysis carried out by some contemporary authors and critics while having Rousseau's perspective in mind.Keywords: Jean-Jacques Rousseau, definitive solitude, falsehood, self-sufficiency, golden age
Ferrús Antón, Beatriz
Full Text Available During the 16th and 17th centuries the convents were the best space for women’s writing. A Spanish nun, Sor María de Jesús de Ágreda, and a Latin-American nun, Sor Francisca Josefa de la Concepción del Castillo, are two of the most important writers of that time, and they serve like a example to comment the feminine writing in the convent. The autobiography, as a space for self analysis, receives a special attention.Durante los siglos XVI y XVII, los conventos se convirtieron en el espacio privilegiado para la escritura femenina. Una monja española, Sor María de Jesús de Ágreda, y otra latinoamericana Sor Francisca Josefa de la Concepción del Castillo, autoras de textos de referencia para las letras de su tiempo, nos sirven de ejemplo para analizar las claves de la escritura femenina (conventual durante estos siglos. La narración autobiográfica, como espacio de expresividad y autoanálisis femenino recibe aquí una especial atención.
While the first 30 years of new China's scientific development was a self-reliant era marked by the detonations of the atomic bomb, the hydrogen bomb, and the launch of the first artificial satellite, the second 30 years after the reform and opening up was signified by the introduction of the Internet to China. Weimin Wu is a unique legendary figure whose career spanned both periods. He not only contributed to the bomb and satellite projects, but also sent out the email from China to Switzerland in 1986, which was listed as the first event in the history of China's Internet development. The Tiananmen Square Protest in 1989 changed his life's trajectory, leading him to eventually immigrate to the US. His personal emotional life is also remarkable. With his experiences immersed in both Eastern and Western cultures, Wu came to believe in the convergence theory of social development, which provides a refreshing perspective for the readers. The autobiography records the details of his legendary life stories, from ...
The book Wu zhi fang (Prescriptions of Five Hemorrhoids), included in the Bibliography of the Song Annals was claimed by later scholars as a book written by Dingzhai, the lay Buddhist. Parts of its contents are cited in Wei Xian's Wei shi jia cang fang (Collections of Prescriptions of the Wei Family). By the preface of the latter book, the prescriptions of the Wu zhi fang were derived from Li Yong-he, whose son passed these prescriptions to Ma Xing-si, who, in turn, gave them to Wei Xian's father Wei Xiong-meng. Wei Xiong-meng was familiar with a calligrapher of the Southern Song Dynasty Shan Wei, nicknamed Dingzhai, the lay Buddhist, who wrote the autobiography for Wei Xiong-meng. In addition to those collected in the Wei shi jia cang fang, there are also "Li Fangyu's Prescriptions for Five Hemorrhoids Secretly Handed Down" collected in the Mi chuan wai ke fang (Prescriptions for External Diseases Secretly Handed Down) of the Ming Dynasty which are also Li Yong-he's prescriptions for hemorrhoids, outnumbering those collected by the Wei shi jia cang fang. PMID:24429040
This book is a set of quirky but interesting papers on how ageing is seen in fiction and other forms of creative writing. Each of the five papers has a distinct and perhaps narrow focus and because of this there may be little appeal to some readers. There is one paper on the poem about the old woman, which has been called Kate (also known as Crabbit Old Woman or Open Your Eyes). This traces the origins and impact of this poem and the poem written in response, sometimes known as The Nurse's Reply. There isa paper on fiction written about residential care and there is then a paper about images of ageing in 1920s fiction followed by one onthe novels of Stanley Middleton. The final paper, and the one I found most appealing, was an account of conversations between Jean-Paul Sartre and Simone de Beauvoir in 1974, and a later publication by de Beauvoir. This paper introduces the method of age autobiography. PMID:27315989
Full Text Available In 2012, Mary M. Talbot and Bryan Talbot joined the likes of Richard Ellmann, Gordon Bowker and Michael Hastings and in their graphic memoir Dotter of Her Father’s Eyes (2012 offered a new re-telling of James Joyce’s life, focusing, in particular, on the difficult relationship between the great Irish writer, and his daughter Lucia. However, the story of a complicated emotional bond between Joyce and Lucia was only a framework for an autobiographical coming-of age narrative about Mary M. Talbot herself and her violent relationship with James S. Atherton, a celebrated Joycean scholar and her very own “cold mad feary father”. Following Martha C. Nussbaum’s conception about cognitive and narrative structure of emotions postulated in Love’s Knowledge (1990 and Upheavals of Thoughts (2001, this article wishes to argue in favour of an organic connection between the volume’s thematic concerns and its generic affiliation. In other words, it discusses how a specific class of emotions pertaining to Lucia’s gradual mental disintegration can be adequately told only in a specific literary form, i.e. in a transdiegetised “commix”, an (autobiographical account which occupies a threshold space between a comic and a novel, fiction and non-fiction, biography and autobiography, words and pictures.
Renata Aparecida Frigeri
Full Text Available This work aims to investigate the ideological and intertextual parallels between Triumph of the Will, the movie, produced by Leni Riefenstahl and the book Mein Kampf, by Adolf Hitler. Triumph of the Will is the film registry of the National Socialist Party in 1934, at the city of Nuremberg and Mein Kampf was written by Hitler in 1924 while He was in jail; the book aims to guide the members of the Nazi party. For this, the research resumes History by the Nazi’s rise using authors like Elias Canetti (1995 and Hannah Arendt (1989; we also study German film production by Siegrief Kracauer (1988. After, this work investigates the movies made by Riefenstahl from Ray Müller’s documentary (1993, and also by the book from Steven Bach (2008 and Riefenstahl’s autobiography (1991. This research constitutes as metodology the books by Mikhail Bakhtin (2010, Robert Stam (1992 and Jacques Durand (1973, to make the movie’s découpage we use Laurent Jullier and Michel Marie (2009. We separated sixteen movie scenes and they were compared between each other to investigate if the movie was made to be seen by all of the german people, to convince them about the Nazi’s ideal – originally present and described in Mein Kampf.
Full Text Available This article proposes a re-reading of Aboriginal author Sally Morgan’s Stolen Generations narrative My Place (1987 in post-Apology Australia (2008–present. The novel tells the story of Morgan’s discovery of her maternal Aboriginal origins through the life-stories of her mother and grandmother; the object of a quest for the past that is both relational and matrilineal; incorporating elements of autobiography and as-told-to memoirs to create a form of choral autoethnography. Morgan’s text explores the intergenerational consequences of child removal in the Aboriginal context and is representative of Indigenous-authored narratives in its suggestion that the children and grand-children of victims of colonial policies and practices can work through the trauma of their ancestors. I examine the literary processes of decolonization of the Indigenous writing/written self and community; as well as strategies for individual survival and cultural survivance in the Australian settler colonial context; especially visible through the interactions between traumatic memories and literary memoirs, a genre neglected by trauma theory’s concern with narrative fragmentation and the proliferation of “themed” life-writing centered on a traumatic event. This article calls for a revision of trauma theory’s Eurocentrism through scholarly engagement with Indigenous experiences such as Morgan’s and her family in order to broaden definitions and take into account collective, historical, and inherited trauma.
Kauffman, Reviewed By George B.; Kauffman, Laurie M.
This latest volume is the 20th in Jeff Seeman's projected 22-volume series of autobiographies of 20th-century organic chemists that began publication in 1990 (Kauffman, G. B. J. Chem. Educ. 1991, 68, A21). Unfortunately, Johnson did not live to see this volume in print. Ted Bartlett and Ray Conrow reviewed the final manuscript, galleys, and page proofs; and Ted Bartlett, Paul Bartlett, John D. Roberts, and Gilbert Stork contributed an epilogue that complements Johnson's own words, adds a warm, personal final touch that he was unable to provide, and incorporates his final research into the volume. Born in New Rochelle, New York, on February 24, 1913, William Summer Johnson attended Amherst College with the aid of a scholarship and various odd jobs such as tending furnace, washing dishes, and playing saxophone in dance bands (he seriously considered becoming a professional musician). Here he became enamored with organic chemistry, which he taught as an instructor for a year after his graduation magna cum laude in 1936. He then worked with a fellowship under Louis Fieser, who sparked his interest in steroids, at Harvard University, from which he received his M.A. (1938) and Ph.D. (1940) degrees. In 1940 Johnson joined the faculty at the University of Wisconsin, where he rose through the ranks, eventually becoming Homer Adkins Professor of Chemistry (1954-60). He began the total synthesis of steroids, the main subject of his life's work, "which soon proved to be the hottest synthetic target of the time". In 1960 he accepted an invitation to become head of and to upgrade the Stanford University Chemistry Department. With faculty recruiting as his primary concern, he was able to add Carl Djerassi, Paul J. Flory, Harden M. McConnell, Henry Taube, and Eugene E. van Tamelen to the department, resulting in its spectacular rise from 15th to 5th place in the nation. He remained at Stanford for the rest of his career, serving as department head for nine years. He died at the
Full Text Available L’autobiographie romancée d’Eliya Karmona publiée en 1926, Comment naquit Eliya Karmona comment il grandit et comment il devint directeur du Djugetón projette un regard critique sur les tribulations d’un jeune homme juif dans les dernières années du sultanat, entre 1884 et 1908.Sur le mode sarcastique, maniant l’auto-ironie, il construit sur ses déboires un roman picaresque qui sacrifie à la loi du genre, mais qui s’apparente par d’autres aspects aux genres cultivés par les Judéo-Espagnols : le récit de voyage, le récit exemplaire, le traité sur les us et coutumes, les mémoires romancées, les proverbes. On y trouve aussi des éléments très ottomans comme le journal personnel, tenant compte des menus faits, des dépenses et des rentrées, dont P. Dumont et F. Georgeon (1985 ont montré qu’il s’agissait d’une habitude ottomane bien utile comme source d’information historique. L’auteur se livre dans cette œuvre à une critique acerbe et comique des pesanteurs du système ottoman, qui font obstacle à toute initiative, mais il critique aussi les raideurs communautaires qui pèsent comme un carcan sur l’initiative personnelle, l’inadaptation des structures et, partant, l’inefficacité des stratégies mises en place pour survivre par les individus. Cependant, son œuvre révèle en creux une certaine nostalgie pour le monde disparu. On perçoit l’admiration du héros et son attachement à certaines valeurs de ce monde ancien, et l’on ne peut s’empêcher de lui donner raison lorsqu’on mesure ce que les communautés juives ont perdu avec la disparition de l’Empire ottoman.The fictionalized autobiography of Eliya Karmona How Eliya Karmona was born, how he grew up and how he became the director of Djugetón casts a critical eye on the tribulations of a young Jewish man in the last years of sultanate from 1884 to 1908. In sarcastic mode, with self-irony, he builds on his disappointments a
Full Text Available Cet article s’intéresse au cheminement politique et spirituel de Douglas Hyde (1911-1996, du méthodisme au catholicisme en passant par le communisme, cheminement qui fait l’objet de son autobiographie, I Believed, publiée en 1950. Membre important du Parti communiste britannique entre 1928 et 1948, Hyde occupe une position dans l’histoire du communisme qui est à la fois typique et atypique. Son adhésion au Parti en 1928 représente une forme de « conversion » partagée par nombre de ses contemporains. Dans son propre cas, une telle démarche impliquait d’abord un rejet des valeurs non-conformistes de son milieu de naissance, à l’origine de sa décision initiale de devenir prêcheur. Malgré son implication active dans toutes les campagnes officielles, Hyde s’est cependant trouvé en décalage grandissant avec la ligne officielle du Parti. L’annonce de sa démission en 1948, consécutive à sa conversion au catholicisme, lui valut naturellement la haine de ses anciens camarades. Le triomphalisme quelque peu irritant des derniers chapitres de I Believed peut être interprété comme l’enthousiasme d’un converti tout à la joie de sa Révélation, mais aussi comme le signe que l’entreprise autobiographique de l’auteur n’était rien d’autre qu’un règlement de comptes avec le communisme.This article explores the political and spiritual journey of Douglas Hyde (1911-1996, from Methodism through communism to Roman Catholicism, as described in I Believed, his autobiography published in 1950. Hyde, a prominent member of the British Communist Party (CPGB from 1928 to 1948, occupies a position in the history of twentieth-century communism that is at once typical and unusual. His becoming a member of the Communist Party in 1928 represented a form of “going-over” shared by many young men and women of his generation. In his particular case, this meant turning his back on the middle-class nonconformist milieu he had
Full Text Available L'autobiografia linguistica è una attività particolarmente utile nell'insegnamento-apprendimento di una lingua straniera. L'apprendente immigrato è invitato a narrare in prima persona le esperienze linguistico-comunicative nella propria L1, nella L2 /LS che sta apprendendo e/o nella lingua seconda che ha acquisito come lingua di comunicazione e di studio nel suo paese di origine, le relazioni umane ed emotive che accompagnano o hanno accompagnato queste esperienze, le situazioni che ne hanno favorito o ostacolato l'apprendimento. Con l'autobiografia linguistica l'apprendente straniero costruisce, attraverso la scrittura e quindi attraverso un processo di esplicitazione e di riflessione consapevole, un ponte tra "là" e "qui", tra paese d'origine e il paese di arrivo, tra la vita "prima" e la vita "dopo" lo strappo della migrazione. Ricompone e dà senso alla propria storia, nelle due lingue, esprime affetti ed emozioni, rinomina il mondo e se ne riappropria ricostruendo insieme la propria identità, esplora se stesso e si fa conoscere ai suoi pari e all'insegnante in un rapporto di condivisione e di comprensione reciproca: si crea un contesto non di integrazione, ma di inclusione. A sua volta il docente può meglio comprendere le strategie di apprendimento dell'apprendente, la sua personalità, le sue difficoltà e progettare strategie didattiche più efficaci, perché più individuali e orientate al successo nella comunicazione e nell'apprendimento. Linguistic autobiography is especially useful in the teaching and learning of a foreign language. The foreign learner is asked to narrate, in the first person, his/her linguistic-communicative experiences in their L1 and in the L2/FL which they are learning and/or in the second language they have acquired for communication or study in their home country, focusing on the emotional and human relationships which accompanied this experience and the situations which encouraged or blocked the
Full Text Available Quelle sont les traces laissées par la guerre d’Algérie dans les textes produits par les écrivains issus de l’immigration ? Telle est la question principale que pose cet article. Cependant, loin de se contenter de répertorier les différents modes d’inscription de la guerre dans des œuvres aux statuts variés – du récit-témoignage à la fiction, en passant par l’autobiographie –, cet article analyse d’une part la façon dont l’écrivain remodèle le passé communautaire ou familial et, du même coup, forge une mémoire et la transmet à ses lecteurs. D’autre part, il questionne également la visée de ces mises en récit qui, tantôt, optent pour le quasi-effacement de la violence, tantôt au contraire, tentent d’écrire des événements demeurés longtemps enfouis, comme refoulés de la mémoire française.¿Qué huellas ha dejado la guerra de Argelia en los textos de los escritores procedentes de la immigration? Tal es la pregunta que plantea este artículo. Sin embargo, no se limita a catalogar los modos de inscripción de la guerra en obras con características formales diferentes – desde el relato testimonial hasta la ficción, pasando por la autobiografía – sino que por una parte analiza cómo el escritor recompone el pasado comunitario o familiar y, al mismo tiempo, crea una memoria y la transmite a los lectores. Por otra parte, estudia también el objetivo de estos relatos, que a veces optan por una desaparición prácticamente total de la violencia, y otras veces, intentan describir acontecimientos que han permanecido ocultados durante mucho tiempo, como si hubieran sido expulsados de la memoria francesa.What are the traces left by the war of Algeria in narratives written by second-generation immigrant authors? Such is the main question raised by this article. However, far from only listing the different modes of inscription of the war in works of various statutes (story-testimony, fiction, and
Full Text Available This article deal with a theoretical overview of the problem of early recollections and self-esteem criminals. Discussed issues are considered within the concept of Alfred Adler. A. Adler said that the earliest memories - is the starting point of an autobiography, which traced the first assessment itself, which is the basis of self-esteem and life style. Has been hypothesized about the existence correlation between the content of early recollections and self-esteem, which is a precondition for the formation of a criminal lifestyle. This hypothesis is based on the analysis of large number of theoretical studies foreign scientists (J. Bruner, C. Miner, G. Murray, J. Kramer, S. Tomkins, L. Ross and Newby-Clark, M. Singer and P. Salovey, LA Polkington and D. McAdams and some empirical studies (A. Molostvov. The article describes the main points of view on the question of the correctness of reproducible human memories. The authors share the position of A. Adler that certain childhood experiences form the self-esteem of man. If in childhood has been formed inferiority in a certain area, the man all his life to strive for superiority, and it was on the values in this field will be based his self-esteem. Important to find the fundamental mistakes made in the early period of personality development, then using particular therapy can to correct them into adulthood. Thus, the article focuses on the reader an opportunity to improve the psychotherapeutic work with early recollections of convicts to reduce the risk of re-offending.
Burman, Jeremy Trevelyan; Guida, Alessandro; Nicolas, Serge
Historians of psychology have traditionally focused on ideas (intellectual history), the "great men" who produced them (an older style of biography sometimes called "hagiography"), or-more recently-the influence of the contexts that shaped them (social and cultural history). A still more recent approach is to bring in those invisible subjects whose experiences have previously been ignored, most often through histories focusing on the discipline's forgotten women or minority contributors: "history from below" (subaltern history). A variation on this was popularized in the history of psychiatry (viz., "patient voices") and has since been carried into the history of psychology (e.g., "feminist voices"). The latest innovation is to focus on what Jill Morawski has referred to as "the discipline's experimental subjects." (These are the collective done-to, rather than the doers, of psychological research.) This history is one of those: an attempt to look behind Alfred Binet to find an influence that shaped his work. The purpose is thus to "give voice" to this unheard-from subject-the until-now inaudible Jacques Inaudi (including excerpts from newspaper interviews and translations from his recently discovered autobiography)-and at the same time advance Morawski's historiographical project. We then get a glimpse of what it was like to be a child prodigy in France in the 1880s, as well as what securing scientific patrons could do for one's prospects. By focusing specifically on Binet's unheard-from experimental subject, we are also afforded new perspectives of the history of late-19th century French psychology (reflecting another emerging interest, "international history"), and we gain new insights into the prehistory of contemporary Binet-style intelligence testing. PMID:25664885
Estrategias del yo: construcción del sujeto autorial en los textos de cinco autobiógrafas chilenas Strategies of the self: construction of the authorial subject in the texts of five Chilean autobiographers
Lorena Amaro Castro
Full Text Available Entre 1891 y 1925 tiene lugar en Chile la transición desde una cultura tradicional de élites a una moderna, de masas, en que nuevos actores comienzan a tener una participación importante, como lo es el caso de las clases medias y las mujeres. Ellas se incorporan al campo literario, manifestando en sus textos autobiográficos las tensiones relativas a su posición de integrantes de las escasas familias de élite que gobiernan al país, pero que, al interior del hogar, juegan un rol subordinado. Ello incide en su autopercepción como escritoras, papel en el que incursionan como interviniendo en un espacio ajeno. Estudiaremos los textos de cinco autoras en que hemos observado estas formas tensas de construcción autorial: Iris, Rita Salas, María Flora Yáñez, Delie Rouge y Marta Vergara.Between 1891 and 1925 a transition from a traditional and elitist culture to a modern and mass-oriented one takes place in Chile. New actors begin to play relevant roles, as for instance the middle-class segment of the population and women. The latter enter the literary field, portraying in their autobiographies the tensions related, on the one hand, to their position as members of the few elite families which rule the country, and, on the other hand, their subordinate role inside their homes. This affects their self-perception as writers, a role which they approach as an intrusion into a foreign space. These difficulties encountered by female writers to express themselves will be analyzed in the texts of Iris, Rita Salas, María Flora Yáñez, Delie Rouge and Marta Vergara.
Full Text Available Dans cet article seront passées en revue quelques œuvres littéraires contemporaines françaises et allemandes, écrites par les enfants de la génération de guerre dite coupable. Il s'agit pour la plupart d'enfants de nazis, de collaborateurs plus ou moins actifs, de suiveurs impliqués à des degrés différents dans la machinerie du Troisième Reich durant la Seconde Guerre Mondiale. Il sera question d'explorer la manière dont les deux nations se confrontent au passé obscur de leurs parents et grands-parents et d'étudier le discours intergénérationnel en-deçà d'une pensée purement nationale, en proposant une étude comparative qui tienne compte des ressemblances et des divergences dans le travail de mémoire sur l'histoire familiale. L'imaginaire y représente un outil primordial dans la confrontation au passé, capable de donner voix au vide, aux non-dits, à la douleur, à l'ineffable, tout en proposant un éclairage nouveau sur une époque très étudiée par l'historiographie et arrivant à un certain degré de saturation. A partir d'une étude du genre du « roman familial » et des sous-genres qui s'y rapportent il sera question de penser l'intrication, la synergie entre autobiographie, mémoire et imaginaire dans la mise en œuvre d'un véritable travail de mémoire littéraire.
Núria Calafell Sala
Full Text Available ABSTRACT: This paper suggests an alternative reading of Alejandra Pizarnik’s "Diaries", published in 2003 by Lumen. To that end, we will first consider the difficulties of the subgenre "intimate diaries" affiliated with the autobiographical discourse and, more generally, with Literature. Secondly, we will consider the importance of a female writer. Assuming that diaristic writing is a writing on the threshold, we will use Paul de Man’s and Jacques Derrida’s theories about autobiography and will generate a generic counterpoint –in both senses of the term- employing Nora Catelli’s theory. RESUMEN: Este artículo quiere proponer una lectura distinta de los "Diarios" de la escritora argentina Alejandra Pizarnik, publicados en el año 2003 por la editorial catalana Lumen. A tal fin, se tendrá en cuenta, en primer lugar, la dificultad de un subgénero (el diario íntimo adscrito al discurso de lo autobiográfico y, más ampliamente, de lo literario. En segundo lugar, la importancia de un sujeto cuya marca en femenino problematiza todavía más, si cabe, el lugar de marginalidad desde el que estos textos se escriben y se reciben. Partiendo de la hipótesis de que la escritura diarística es una escritura en el umbral, como punto de partida se empleará la teoría que sobre el discurso autobiográfico esbozaron autores como Paul de Man y Jacques Derrida para, desde las mismas, ofrecer un contrapunto genérico –en el doble sentido del término- con las consideraciones de Nora Catelli.
Shirlene Vianna Moreira
Full Text Available Musical autobiographies consist of a powerful therapeutic tool by which individuals define themselves. The use of this technique may help (reconstruction personal identities and improve quality of life of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS. Eight adult patients on treatment at CIEM Multiple Sclerosis Investigation Center after selecting 10 to 15 pieces of music most significant in their lives were interviewed. The data collected were classified according to Even Rudd categories, which reveal how a person expresses his personal, social, temporal and transpersonal identities. We observed that recall of musical history makes MS patients get better perception both of their feelings and body awareness, as well as provide them with an alternative way to express themselves, activate and contextualize affective memories, and achieving a sense of life continuity in spite of the disease.Autobiografias musicais constituem um recurso terapêutico pelo qual indivíduos definem a si mesmos, auxiliando a (reconstrução da identidade e contribuindo para a melhora da qualidade de vida de portadores de esclerose múltipla (EM. Oito pacientes adultos sob acompanhamento no Centro de Investigação em esclerose múltipla (CIEM da UFMG, selecionaram entre 10 e 15 músicas significativas em sua vida, a respeito das quais discorreram em entrevista aberta. Os dados foram analisados qualitativamente segundo categorias criadas por Even Rudd, que visam revelar como o indivíduo expressa suas identidades pessoal, social, temporal e transpessoal. Submetidos a tratamento quantitativo, os dados demonstraram que, através da sua história musical, os pacientes aumentaram a percepção dos sentimentos e sensações corporais, expressaram-se de maneiras alternativas e ativaram memórias afetivas, contextualizando-as e adquirindo um senso de continuidade da vida.
Full Text Available Se sentant piégés par la dichotomie classique (et donc ethnocentrique séparant théorie et pratique, des anthropologues contemporains se sont précipités en aval en cherchant à la fois à personnaliser leur discipline (« pas d’anthropologie sans autobiographie » et à la rendre plus pertinente à notre avenir commun (d’où une anthropologie appliquée. Mais en un amont onto-épistémologique, là où se retrouvent certains philosophes modernes avec leurs idées relatives au réel comme relationnel (Marion, à la rencontre et à la reconnaissance (Ricoeur ou au moi altéré (Levinas, il se peut que l’anthropologue, qu’il le veuille ou non, soit impliqué d’emblée et d’office.Feeling trapped by the classical and consequently ethnocentric dichotomy between theory and practice, contemporary anthropologists have hurried downstream seeking at once to personalize their discipline (“no anthropology without autobiography” and render it more relevant to our common future (hence an “applied anthropology”. But upstream, onto-epistemologically, there where several modern philosophers find themselves with such notions as the real being relational (Marion, encounter and recognition (Ricoeur or the self as replying to the Other (Levinas, it could be that whether he or she wills it or not, an anthropologist is implicated from the outset.
Overviewing the western childrenˊs literature,the development of animal stories cannot be independent from the evolving childrenˊs literature genres,such as fable,fairy tale,animal autobiography,realist wild animal stories, animal fantasy and picturebook. The so - called child/ animal bond further accounts for the legitimacy of animal stories. Based on these two inherent traits,this essay works to review the animal ethics as reflected from the rhetorical use of an-thropomorphism in the childrenˊs literature in light of contemporary emergent theoretical discourses.%纵观西方儿童文学史，动物文学的发展与不断演变的儿童文学体裁休戚相关。除了寓言和童话，动物自传、动物写实小说、动物幻想故事和绘本等文类共同展演出独具西方特色与魅力的生态智慧和伦理态度。鉴于少年儿童的精神生命具有对动物天然的亲和力一说，动物文学又与富有争议的儿童/动物关系相互渗透，彰显西方儿童文学的精彩和趣味。随着当代前沿的理论发展，拟人主义作为一种独特修辞格，成为探讨儿童/动物关系和审视动物伦理观的主要途径。
Full Text Available Alla malattia la letteratura si è sempre interessata, tanto da farne un vero e proprio topos. Tuttavia, mai come nel corso del Novecento l'esperienza del patologico sembra aver creato un connubio così stretto con l'autobiografia. Raccontare la propria vita o riscriverla alla luce della malattia è diventata una pratica letteraria – e non solo – largamente diffusa, tanto da essere identificata con un neologismo creato appositamente per definirla, ovvero «patografia». Cercheremo pertanto di individuare le origini, le influenze e i tratti distintivi di questa categoria testuale, che si ipotizza costituire un nuovo genere. Il confronto tra le opere di Annie Ernaux, Christa Wolf e Hervé Guibert permetterà infine di rilevare i contributi originali e quelli ampiamente condivisi nella concettualizzazione e nella narrazione di ciò che significa essere malati. Illness has always been easy to find in literature and indeed it has become a real topos. However, it is only in the XXth century that the illness experience has become an essential part of autobiography. Writing his own life or rewriting it after facing the disease is assumed to be nowadays a – not only - literary practice which has reached a great popularity; this is also proved by the neologism «pathography», that was coined to identify this kind of texts. Hence, we may be talking about a new genre, whose origins, influences and peculiar features will be tracked down in this paper. Finally, a comparison between the works of Annie Ernaux, Christa Wolf and Hervé Guibert will allow us to discern the original perspectives from those largely shared in the narration and conceptualization of the illness experience.
Full Text Available This article examines the affective terrain of Poland, Canada, and the US in Eva Hoffman’s autobiographical account of her migration and exile in Lost in Translation: A Life in a New Language (1989, the text that launched Hoffman’s reputation as a writer and intellectual. Hoffman’s Jewish family left Poland for Vancouver in 1959, when restrictions on emigration were lifted. Hoffman was 13 when she emigrated to Canada, where she lived until she went to college in the US and began her career. Lost in Translation represents her trajectory in terms of “Paradise,” “Exile,” and “The New World,” and the narrative explicitly thematizes nostalgia. While Hoffman’s nostalgia for post-war Poland has sometimes earned censure from critics who draw attention to Polish anti-Semitism and the failings of Communism, this article stresses how Hoffman’s nostalgia for her Polish childhood is saturated with self-consciousness and an awareness of the politics of remembering and forgetting. Thus, Hoffman’s work helps nuance the literary and critical discourse on nostalgia. Drawing on theories of nostalgia and affect developed by Svetlana Boym and Sara Ahmed, and on Adriana Margareta Dancus’s notion of “affective displacement,” this article examines Hoffman’s complex understanding of nostalgia. It argues that nostalgia in Lost in Translation is conceived as an emotion which offers the means to critique cultural practices and resist cultural assimilation. Moreover, the lyricism of Hoffman’s autobiography becomes a mode for performing the ambivalence of nostalgia and diasporic feeling.
Full Text Available Edgard Morin (Auto-critique, Annie Kriegel (Ce que j'ai cru comprendre e Claude Roy (Moi, je percorrem passo a passo, desde a infância, as trilhas que o levaram ao PCF; os três participaram da resistência anti-nazista ao lado da União Soviética, ocasião da entrada em comunismo. Seguem-se as descrições de uma lenta asfixia moral em que os depoimentos fazem perceber como a rede das necessidades internas à subjetividade. Este artigo, analisando as autobiografias de três intelectuais franceses no momento em que dão criticamente conta de seu passado comunista procura apreender a figura histórica toda negativa da relação a si nas assim chamadas "contra-sociedades comunistas" durante o período stalinista.Edgard Morin (Auto-critique, Annie Kriegel (Ce que j'ai cru comprendre and Claude Roy (Moi, je go over step by step, since childhood, the tracks that took them to the PCF; the three of them have participated in the anti-nazism resistance, on the Soviet Union's side, occasion of their entrance in communism. Descriptions of a slow moral asphyxia are given, in which the statements show how the net of internal needs of political ideology ends up echoing in the net of the internal needs of subjectivity. This article, analyzing the autobiographies of three French writers in the moment when they give a critical account of their communist past, tries to apprehend the entirely negative historical figure of the relation to oneself in the so-called "communist counter-societies" during the stalinist period.
Olson, Joanne Kay
Students frequently enter learning situations with knowledge inconsistent with scientific views. One goal of science instruction is to enable students to construct scientifically accepted ideas while rejecting inaccurate constructs. This process is called conceptual change. This study examined factors associated with students at three levels of conceptual change to elucidate possible influences on the conceptual change process. Factors studied included motivation (including utility value, interest, attainment value, mood, self efficacy, and task difficulty), prior experiences with science, perceptions of the nature of science, connections to objects or events outside the classroom, and specific activities that helped students learn. Four science classes for undergraduate preservice elementary teachers participated in the study, conducted during a three week unit on electricity. Data sources included concept maps, drawings, reflective journal entries, quizzes, a science autobiography assignment, and interviews. Concept maps, drawings, and quizzes were analyzed, and students were placed into high, moderate, and low conceptual change groups. Of the ninety-eight students in the study, fifty-seven were interviewed. Perhaps the most important finding of this study relates to the assessment of conceptual change. Interviews were conducted two months after the unit, and many items on the concept maps had decayed from students' memories. This indicates that time is an important factor. In addition, interview-derived data demonstrated conceptual change levels; concept maps were insufficient to indicate the depth of students' understanding. Factors associated with conceptual change include self efficacy and interest in topic. In addition, moderate conceptual change students cited specific activities as having helped them learn. Low and high students focused on the method of instruction rather than specific activities. Factors not found to be associated with conceptual change
Silberzahn-Jandt, G; Schmuhl, H-W
Friedrich Mauz is one of the medical perpetrators of the second tier whose biography is difficult to comprehend. Autobiographies from three different political systems exist - Weimar Republic, the Third Reich, and postwar Germany in which he constantly reinvented himself. While after 1933 he suddenly emphasized his participation in the civil war turmoil during the early period of the Weimar Republic and his patriotism, he then depicted himself after 1945 as an apolitical person characterized by Württemberg pietism who inwardly rejected the Nazi State but had found himself prepared to accept "all sorts of humiliating concessions." He claimed that he had always remained true to his scientific code of conduct and had distanced himself from psychiatric genetics. In point of fact, Mauz was among those exonerated in the denazification trial in 1946 and was able to pursue his career in the Federal Republic of Germany. However, if the sources are read against the grain, a different picture emerges. Mauz's career stalled in the 1930s, not because he had been politically offensive, but because his scientific work was flimsy and considered lacking originality, particularly since he had chosen constitution research and psychotherapy as his main fields of interest, which were overshadowed by research in genetic psychiatry in the 1930s. Mauz tendered his services to the Nazi policy of genetic health, served as a medical assessor in proceedings based on the "Law for the Prevention of Genetically Diseased Offspring," permitted himself to be recruited for the T4 program as a medical expert, even participated in the deliberations on a future "Law on Euthanasia," and as a consulting psychiatrist for the German Armed Forces contributed to military medicine. PMID:22399061
Full Text Available Considering the wide range of conversations in the autobiography, this essay will attempt to appraise the importance of these verbal exchanges in relation to the overall narrative structure of the book and to the prevalent oral tradition in Louisiana culture, as both an individual and communal expression. The variety of circumstances, the setting and staging, the interlocutors , and the complex intersection of time and place, of stories and History, will be examined; in these conversations with Miss Jane many actors participate, from the interviewer-narrator, to most characters; even the reader becomes involved.Speaking, hearing, listening, keeping silent is an elaborate ritual that performs many functions; besides conveying news or rumors, it imparts information on the times and on the life of a “representative” woman whose existence - spanning a whole century- is both singular and emblematic. Most importantly this essay will analyse the resonance of an eventful and often dramatic era on her sensibility and conversely show how her evolving sensibility informs that history and draws attention to aspects that might have passed unnoticed or be forever silenced. Jane’s desire for liberty and justice is often challenged as she faces the possibilities of life or death.Conversations build up a complex, often contradictory, but compelling portrait: torn between silence and vehemence, between memories and the urge to meet the future, Jane summons body and mind to find her way through the maze of a fast changing world; self-willed and obstinate she claims her right to speak, to express with wit and wisdom her firm belief in the word, in the ability to express deep seated convictions and faith and a whole array of feelings and emotions.
Kathleen L. Sheppard
Full Text Available William Matthew Flinders Petrie is considered the father of scientific archaeology and is credited with developing a chronology of Ancient Egypt using the nondescript artefacts that other archaeologists had ignored. He occupied the first chair of Egyptology in England, and was also well-known for the museum built around his personal collection of Egyptian artifacts at University College London. Petrie's archaeological work has been studied by scholars, from various disciplines, for its scholarly, cultural, and historical value, while Petrie's life and career outside of archaeology have been the subject of relatively little study. Petrie himself wrote two life stories: the first, 'Ten Years Digging in Egypt, 1881–1891' (1892, detailed the years before his professorship at UCL; in 1932 he published his second, more complete autobiography, 'Seventy Years in Archaeology'. After he died in 1942 there were various obituaries and memorials that outlined his life and major achievements in archaeology. There was very little written about Petrie the man until 1985, when Margaret Drower's 'Flinders Petrie: A Life in Archaeology' was published; it remains the most comprehensive work on Petrie's life. A thin volume of the correspondence of Hilda and Flinders Petrie also allows a glimpse into life on excavation. In short, much of what is known about Petrie focuses on his excavations in Egypt, his time as Professor of Egyptology at University College London, or the museum that bears his name. Subsequently, as a historical matter, Petrie's work in the discipline of eugenics has rarely been discussed as part of his career.
Full Text Available “The people I wrote about were real, for the most part, from here and there, now and then, but sometimes three real people would be braided together into one made-up person… I cut apart and stitched together events to tailor the story, gave it shape so it had a beginning, middle, and end, because real life stories rarely come to us complete. Emotions, though, can’t be invented, can’t be borrowed. All the emotions my characters feel, good or bad are mine.” (xxiii Although Sandra Cisneros draws on autobiographical elements in The House on Mango Street (1984, her novella does not stand for an autobiography, but it rather represents a collage of events, characters, and places that independently from one another constitute vignettes. These vignettes are not necessarily chronologically related, yet they make up a whole of voices, stories, colors, and movements that once reverberated along Mango Street. Through her (Cisneros’s stories, Esperanza Cordero’s stories, and Esperanza’s neighbors’ stories, Cisneros conveys the Southwestern Latino experience of the big city and the streets, of the barrios that is. Taking my cue from Cisneros’s “The House on Mango Street,” I will try to examine how personal experiences become memories and those memories transcend into stories. Is what comes from experience and memory that makes writing strong, powerful, persuasive, and to a certain extent relatable? Have Cisneros’s memories, reflected in Esperanza’s living experience and language contributed to the Latino’s collective memory of the life in the barrios coupled with racism, poverty and shame? On that note, I shall see how Maurice Halbwachs’s concept of collective memory applies to Cisneros’ story and the Latino experience, where Latinos’ memory is dependent upon the life in the barrio within which the majority were/are situated.
Full Text Available El artículo analiza problemas teóricos y críticos en relación a la escritura de la intimidad en los Diarios de Katherine Mansfield y en las crónicas del Jornal do Brasil de Clarice Lispector. En primer lugar, aborda la relación entre género literario y género sexual y entre feminismo y autobiografía. En segundo lugar, analiza la constitución de la voz en los géneros íntimos y problematiza la idea de intimidad tomando como punto de partida la teoría psicoanalítica. Luego, propone el análisis comparativo de ambas escritoras en torno a la idea de literatura periférica y a la de relación entre obra literaria e intimidad exhibida. Finalmente, se pregunta por el rol de la imagen de mujer y la comunidad femenina en su textualidad.The article deals with some of the theoretical problems of the writings of intimacy in the Journals of Katherine Mansfield and in chronicles written by Clarice Lispector in the Jornal do Brasil. Firstly, it examines the connections between literary genre and gender and between feminism and autobiography. Secondly, it considers the emergence of the self in the genres of intimacy and contends with the idea of the intimacy by making use of psychoanalytic theories. Subsequently, it analyzes both writers comparatively by considering the concept of the literature of the periphery. It also examines the bond between literary oeuvre and the intimacy exhibited in them. Finally, it judges the images of womanhood and of the feminine community in their intimate writings.
Ng, C.; Thompson, B. J.; Cline, T.; Lewis, E.; Barbier, B.; Odenwald, S.; Spadaccini, J.; James, N.; Stephenson, B.; Davis, H. B.; Major, E. R.; Space Weather Living History
The Space Weather Living History program will explore and share the breakthrough new science and captivating stories of space environments and space weather by interviewing space physics pioneers and leaders active from the International Geophysical Year (IGY) to the present. Our multi-mission project will capture, document and preserve the living history of space weather utilizing original historical materials (primary sources). The resulting products will allow us to tell the stories of those involved in interactive new media to address important STEM needs, inspire the next generation of explorers, and feature women as role models. The project is divided into several stages, and the first stage, which began in mid-2011, focuses on resource gathering. The goal is to capture not just anecdotes, but the careful analogies and insights of researchers and historians associated with the programs and events. The Space Weather Living History Program has a Scientific Advisory Board, and with the Board's input our team will determine the chronology, key researchers, events, missions and discoveries for interviews. Education activities will be designed to utilize autobiographies, newspapers, interviews, research reports, journal articles, conference proceedings, dissertations, websites, diaries, letters, and artworks. With the help of a multimedia firm, we will use some of these materials to develop an interactive timeline on the web, and as a downloadable application in a kiosk and on tablet computers. In summary, our project augments the existing historical records with education technologies, connect the pioneers, current leaders and the nature and history of space weather with K-12 classrooms and the general public, covering all areas of studies in Heliophysics. The project is supported by NASA award NNX11AJ61G.
Full Text Available In 1897, Yeats’s The Secret Rose was published in London by Lawrence & Bullen, while two years later, in 1899, the London editor Elkin Mathews published The Wind Among the Reeds. Both volumes are extremely interesting, not only for their acknowledged poetical value but also for their material worth. This is due to their elaborate designs: gold stamps on the spine and cover 1897 edition of the Secret Rose and intertwining reeds on The Wind Among the Reeds cover. Both were done by the Irish artist Althea Gyles (1867-1949. Gyles was frequently described by Yeats as a “symbolic artist” producing a “symbolic art” (Memoirs: Autobiography – A First Draft, 1972. Her paintings deeply influenced Yeats’s symbolical and imaginary system, to such a degree that they formed its perfect iconic counterpart. Following this hypothesis, Antonielli concentrates on Yeats’s main esoteric topoi, symbols and images emerging from the poems in The Secret Rose and The Wind Among the Reeds, and on their ‘translation’ into Althea Gyles’s iconic visions and artistic output. She examines how Yeats’s poems were clarified or further complicated by Gyles’s corresponding designs and how Yeats and Gyles, through their own peculiar artistic expressions, exemplified a shared symbolic vision of phenomenal reality.
Full Text Available For over half a century Gandhi has been one of the favored characters of a number of films – Nine hours to Rama (1963 to Gandhi, My Father (2007. Gandhian ethos, life and teachings are frequently represented in varied ways in different films. The portrayal of Gandhi in different films can be grouped into two broad categories: i. revolving around his life, percept and practice as one category and ii. involving his ideas, ideals and views either explicitly or implicitly. The first category of the films include three broad films—Gandhi (1982, The Making of the Mahatma (1996 and Gandhi My Father (2007 and the other category of the films include Nine Hours to Rama (1963- English, Jinnah (1998- English, Sardar (1993, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar (2000, Hey Ram (2000, Lage Raho Munnabhai, (2006 etc. Grounded in the theory of inter-textuality through moving image method, the present study is a comparative analysis of examining the portrayal of Gandhi among the first category of three films ---Gandhi (1982- English by Richard Attenborough, The Making of the Mahatma (1996 by Shyam Benegal and Gandhi, My Father (2007 by Feroz Abbas Khan with crisscross critiquing of the portrayal of Gandhi in the second category of films. Using Bingham’s (2010 discursive analysis on biopic films, the study seeks to show how Gandhi is perceived and depicted through the lenses of these three eminent directors vis-à-vis others from the point of intertextuality both ideologically and politically. Further the study would elaborate how different personal and social events in Gandhi’s life are weaved together by these directors to bring out the character of Bapu or Mahatma from Gandhi. For all the above critique, Gandhi’s autobiography-The Story of My Experiments with Truth-has been taken as a base referent
Full Text Available O ensaio toma a autobiografia de Emiliano di cavalcanti como fonte e, a partir dela, reflete sobre a construção de sua identidade social e de uma brasilidade específica. Procura-se pensar o processo específico no qual a identidade nacional é instrumentalizada como estratégia de um ator social para inserir-se em um grupo de pertencimento, considerando as relações de poder diferenciadas que se estabelecem no interior do grupo. o porta-voz do discurso biográfico, o contexto e os leitores a quem ele se dirige são levados em conta para se compreenderem as condições sociais de produção do discurso. cavalcanti manipula uma identidade social através do recurso a símbolos que, apesar de não mais prestigiosos no período, contribuíram para situá-lo em oposição ao conceito de arte pela arte, subentendido na disputa interna ao campo na época em questão.Taking the autobiography of Emiliano di cavalcanti as its source, the article examines the construction of his social identity and a particular kind of Brazilian- ness. It reflects on the specific process in which national identity is used by a social actor as a strategy for joining a group, taking into account the distinct power relations established within the latter. the voice of biographical discourse, the context and the readers being addressed provide the means for us to comprehend the social conditions in which the discourse is produced. cavalcanti manipulates a social identity through the recourse to symbols that, despite no longer being prestigious, helped situate him in opposition to the concept of art for art’s sake implicit to disputes within the field at the time.
Full Text Available Approximately 16,000 people left Estonia during 1924–1938. Among the new destinations, the most important ones were South American countries, especially Argentina and Brazil. At the time, Argentina was an attractive destination for immigrants. In the first half of the 20th century, Argentina surpassed the majority of European countries with regard to the income per capita, health care and education. The first larger group of Estonians (30–50 people arrived in Argentina in 1924. In each following year, the number of Estonian immigrants fluctuated between 40 and 60, so that by 1930, about 300–350 Estonians lived in Argentina, mostly in the capitalBuenos Aires.The current article examines, on one hand, the relationship between (externalenvironmental conditions of migration and (internal personal migration related decisions. On the other hand, the micro level of migration is analysed through a biographical narrative, particularly focusing on the impact of personal migration and the adaptation story on the retrospective autobiography. The micro level of migration is observed mainly on the basis of an autobiographical novel by Raimund Põdder. His earlier written travelogue, and the letters and surveys of other Estonian settlers in Argentinaoffer opportunities for substantial comparisons. Text examples from the writings of R. Põdder, presented in this article, are inclined to give evidence of a typical voluntary labour migrant: young, unmarried man, whose first phases of adaptation pass without obstacles. However, some background information allows the conclusion thatthe orientation phase of the adaptation was not without conflicting moments which could leave a nostalgic stamp on the retrospective analysis of his personal life.
Full Text Available Aristotle said that where the historian tells us wh at took place, the poet tells us how it came about. More recently, Gore Vidal def ined ‘memoir’ as how one remembers one’s own life as distinct from an autobi ography which is history, requiring research into dates and facts which must be double- checked. Memory and Myth play an important role in memoir, a llowing the writer to incorporate the real underpinnings of a story that has been liv ed through rather than simply the account of a sequence of actual events. It might a lso be argued that the patina of memory that coats the ‘memoir’, as distinct from au tobiography, might indeed add its own dimension, taking the account of something very real into a more surreal space. What I call my Rora stories published in Spanish un der the title Todas Esas Guerras -- All Those Wars – have never appeared as a collection in English b ut have been published separately in literary journals. These s tories, the very closest I think I will ever come to writing autobiography, grew out of a n eed to explore my own background – so fragmented in terms of geography, history and culture – at a time when, as a writer, I felt the desperate need to find out exact ly who this multicultural person with her mixed baggage might be. The Queen of Dreams , one of the stories in the collection, uses the me mory of the child Rora as she attempts to understand the drama and ma gic of sexuality and love in a grown-up, intolerant world at war. While the story explores the child’s personal history, it also reflects the psyche of Australia a t that particular moment.
'¿Qué quieren las mujeres?': Ciudadanía femenina y escrituras de la intimidad en la Argentina de inicios del siglo XX 'What do women want?': women's citizenship and private writing in Argentina's early 20th Century
Full Text Available Las llamadas 'escrituras de la intimidad' - autobiografías, cartas, relatos de viajes, diarios íntimos - permiten analizar los deslizamientos posibles entre lo público y lo privado en una coyuntura histórica en la cual los derechos para cada sexo estaban claramente predefinidos en cada uno de los espacios de acción. Es decir que, desnaturalizando el presente al narrarlo, las 'escrituras de la intimidad' permiten pensar las estrategias de las mujeres, confinadas por ley al espacio doméstico, de proyectar sus voces en la esfera pública. A partir del irresoluble enigma planteado por una de las primeras voces masculinas que defendieron los derechos de las mujeres en Argentina - el socialista Enrique Del Valle Iberlucea -, aquí analizo cómo es contada - ¿vivida, representada? - la ciudadanía por las propias mujeres. Para ello, analizo los relatos de viajes de la escritora y maestra normal Ada María Elflein (1880-1919.The so-called "private writings" - autobiographies, letters, travel journals, diaries - allow us to analyze the possible interstices between the private and the public sphere in a historical moment in which legal rights were clearly pre-defined according to gender. In this sense, "private writings" permit us to reflect upon women's strategies to speak their own minds in the public arena, in a context in which they were confined to the domestic sphere. My starting point is the insoluble conflict put forward by one of the first male voices to stand for women's rights in Argentina - the Socialist Enrique Del Valle Iberlucea - in order to analyze the ways in which women's citizenship is narrated - lived? Represented? - by women themselves. For that, I examine both the reports of female-writer's travel journals and those of a schoolteacher: Ada María Elflein (1880-1919.
Esméria de Lourdes Saveli
Full Text Available This study locates in the field of the Historiography, especially the oral history that has been embracing research about history and memory, life history, biography and autobiography. It took memorial written by teachers, one of the requirements demanded to participate in the selection process to the course of Master's degree in Education of UEPG, as specific object of analysis. The research aims to understand the process of the formation of professional identity, starting from experiences narrated by teachers along theirs personal and professional path. The theoretical support for analysis of the content of the memorial, vein of studies developed by CIAMPA (1990, HALBWACHS (1968, HUBERMANN (1992, GOODSON (1992, HOLLY (1992, DUBAR (1995. In the analysis, it was looked for not to lose of view that the narrative from the memories restored and reflected the lived experience, obeying criteria demanded by the context. The analysis evidenced, among other points, that the process of constitution of the professional identity is intimately related with the forms for the which the individuals assume and they resist front the inherent functions to the social paper of being a teacher. It is still, that the memorial narrative has as reference the groups of the individual's conviviality and the subject's University. When writing the memorial the teacher is going relating contents gradually (what reminds as well as the form (as they reminds, without losing of view to who narrates (the speaker. Is shows s that the memory is selective once it is returned so much outside (social as inside (individual. The content of the memory doesn't surface in pure state in the narrator's language that reminds. It is selected in function of the cultural and ideological point of view of the group to who the text is destined.
Full Text Available The aim of the paper is to analyse the actual status of book publishing in Croatia, envisage the trends of its future development and, by analyzing the current state of affairs and new book marketing trends, draw conclusions as to which directions the publishing companies should take in order to survive on the market. The aims stated as such result from the author’s research and review of the business operations of the ‘Naklada Ljevak’ publishing company, and from the monitoring of relevant home and foreign literature in the field of marketing in general as well as specialized book marketing literature. In the introductory part the author defines publishing and its amphibious nature that lies in the fact that publishing is at the same time the process of creation and distribution of knowledge and culture, as well as a business resulting in education, as well as in entertainment. The following chapter offers an explanation of the most important facts required to understand the current publishing marketing (globalization, huge sales chains, fierce competition, ever lower standard of living in Croatia… and lists the marketing programme elements applicable to publishing. Further on, the focus shifts on the book as a product and a part of publishing marketing. It mentions the economic and business trends that have affected the development of publishing as an industry over the past sixty years, and the book as a product. New book content trends have been elaborated as well: novels on exotic countries, current affairs issues, autobiographies and biographies, self-help manuals and titles offering ‘instant-knowledge’. There is a definition and explanation of trends that relate to the book as a material product such as cover design, format, binding, types of print paper and technical features such as layout, margins, font size and spacing.
Marcos Roberto Pirateli
Full Text Available O presente artigo teve como preocupação o estudo da conversão de Santo Agostinho, o que nos permitiu identificar as transformações dos comportamentos pagãos a partir do advento do cristianismo (séculos II ao IV. Para tanto, a pesquisa se ateve ao clássico de Santo Agostinho: Confissões (sua autobiografia; e a um apoio bibliográfico. À guisa de conclusão, é especialmente a Santo Ambrósio (que era bispo de Milão que se deve a conversão de Santo Agostinho, sendo arrebatado pela sua personalidade, sobretudo ao acompanhar as suas pregações quando foi conquistado pelo encanto de sua palavra. Em razão disso, além de Santo Agostinho ser o maior articulador do pensamento cristão em fins da Antigüidade e o elaborador da cultura medieval, sua conversão representou a conversão de uma Era, a pagã, para uma outra, a cristãThe present paper is concerned about the study of Saint Augustine conversion, which enabled us to identify the pagan behavior transformations, from Christianism advent (second and forth centuries. Thus, the research was based both on St. Augustine’s classic: Confessions (his autobiography; and a bibliographic support. As a conclusion, his conversion was specially due to Saint Ambrose (bishop of Milan. He was conquered by St. Ambrose’s personality, mainly while accompanying his preachings, because he was overcome by St. Ambrose’s delightful words. Because of this, besides being the greatest Christian thinking articulator during the ancient times, and the medieval culture creator, St. Augustine’s conversion represented the conversion of an era, the pagan, to another one, the Christian
Choudhary, Bharti; Nagpure, Anand; Gupta, Rajinder K
An Indian indigenous, Loktak Lake soil isolate Streptomyces violascens MT7 was assessed for its biocontrol potential both in vitro and in vivo against toxigenic fruit-rotting fungi. Strain MT7 exhibited broad-spectrum antifungal activity against various pathogenic postharvest fungi of citrus and papaya. In shake-flask fermentation, antagonist S. violascens MT7 highly produced extracellular antifungal metabolites in early stationary growth phase in glucose-yeast extract-malt extract (M93) broth. Both extracellular culture fluid (ECF) and its n-butanol extract showed significant broad-spectrum fungal mycelial inhibition of several tested fruit-rotting fungi. Antifungal metabolite was found to be heat stable, nonpeptidic, and polyene type antibiotic. The lowest minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of n-butanol extract against Colletotrichum gloeosporioides MTCC 9664 and Aspergillus niger MTCC 281 was 0.0312 and 0.0625 mg/ml, respectively. Purification of n-butanol extract through silica gel chromatography resulted in partial purification of bioactive metabolite and the TLC autobiography revealed the presence of single antifungal metabolite with Rf value of 0.755. In vivo bioassays demonstrated the biocontrol potential of tested biocontrol agents on fruit-rotting fungi. Use of cell suspension of S. violascens MT7, extracellular metabolite(s), and n-butanol extract significantly (p < 0.05) reduced sour-rot development on Citrus reticulata Blanco (oranges) and soft-rot development on papaya fruits. Therefore, these results strongly suggest a high potential for application of S. violascens MT7 and its extracellular metabolites as an effective eco-friendly alternative to synthetic fungicides for controlling toxigenic citrus and papaya-rotting fungi. PMID:26214840
Full Text Available Else Lansker-Schueler always tried to present her existence as a legend or a fairy tale.Her literary production is entirely based on the strong subjectivism of the german expressionism; also the Hebrew Mythology and its imagery is an important source of inspiration.The author,lying about her real life, constantly remains on the border between the Reality and the Poetry.The Lansker-Schuler's idea of a perfect identity between Life and Literature has brought as a consequence that her texts are read as a spontaneous poetization of her biography.Nonetheless, her literary production and letters are neither an ingenuous (autobiography in line or in prose, nor a sure documetary source.In this essay I will explain that this attitude is nothing but the poetic construction of the Modernity central experience: the Subject, according to Frederick Nietzsche's Philosophy, is conscious that any social, religious, moral system is fictitious. Thinking so, only an autonomous poetic world can assure the (linguistic surviving of the Ego.To demonstrate this hypothesis, I will focus on two prose texts which Else Lansker-Schuler composed,being inspired by her artistic and intellectual world (The berlin Bohème: Mein Herz (1912 and Der Malik (1919. In particular, I will deal with two elements, which are important in the representation of the Ego and in the construction of a language imagery: 1 The choice of the epistolary style; 2 the interaction between the roles played by the "Writing Ego" and by the surrounding characters.
Jaarsma, Pier; Gelhaus, Petra; Welin, Stellan
Lying is a common phenomenon amongst human beings. It seems to play a role in making social interactions run more smoothly. Too much honesty can be regarded as impolite or downright rude. Remarkably, lying is not a common phenomenon amongst normally intelligent human beings who are on the autism spectrum. They appear to be 'attractively morally innocent' and seem to have an above average moral conscientious objection against deception. In this paper, the behavior of persons with autism with regard to deception and truthfulness will be discussed in the light of two different ethical theories, illustrated by fragments from autobiographies of persons with autism. A systemizing 'Kantian' and an empathizing 'ethics of care' perspective reveal insights on high-functioning autism, truthfulness and moral behavior. Both perspectives are problematic from the point of view of a moral agent with autism. High-functioning persons with autism are, generally speaking, strong systemizes and weak empathizers. Particularly, they lack 'cognitive empathy' which would allow them to understand the position of the other person. Instead, some tend to invent a set of rules that makes their behavior compatible with the expectations of others. From a Kantian point of view, the autistic tendency to always tell the truth appears praiseworthy and should not be changed, though it creates problems in the social life of persons with autism. From a care ethics perspective, on the other hand, a way should be found to allow the high-functioning persons with autism to respect the feelings and needs of other persons as sometimes overruling the duty of truthfulness. We suggest this may even entail 'morally educating' children and adolescents with autism to become socially skilled empathic 'liars'. PMID:22065242
Egle Müller Spinelli
Full Text Available O presente trabalho pretende aplicar o conceito de cronotopia de Bakhtin à análise de narrativas audiovisuais. Para tanto, será discutido o conceito de cronotopo bakhtiniano e sua relação com os estudos de Saussure, com o intuito de mostrar como os elementos cronotópicos podem estar ligados a contextos que vão além do enunciado, remetendo a mecanismos da enunciação. No estudo são analisados filmes que apresentam determinadas características semelhantes às dos principais tipos de cronotopia estabelecidos por Bakhtin: a da aventura, a do cotidiano e a autobiográfica, respectivamente correspondentes aos filmes Corra Lola, Corra (Tom Tykwer, 1998, Boca de Ouro (Nelson Pereira dos Santos, 1962 e Rashomon (Akira Kurosawa, 1950. Palavras-chave: cronotopia; enunciação; cinema; Bakhtin Abstract Chronotopic studies in audiovisual narratives - This paper proposes to apply Bakhtin's concept of chronotopia in an analysis of audiovisual discourse. To this end, it discusses the Bakhtin's postulation of the chronotope and its relation with the studies of Saussure in order to show how chronotopic elements may be connected to contexts that go beyond simple statements, suggesting mechanisms of enunciation. The films Run Lola, Run (Tom Tykwer, 1998, Boca de Ouro (Nelson Pereira dos Santos, 1962 and Rashomon (Akira Kurosawa, 1950 are used here to illustrate the principal chronotopic types established by Bakhtin, namely, adventure, everyday life and autobiography. Key words: chronotope; enunciation; cinema; Bakhtin
Full Text Available After 1995, and especially since 2004, there has been an increase in the number of Norwegian fiction books published in Poland. The first part of the paper presents detailed statistical data for this trend and analyses it shortly. The second part is an attempt to introduce the most important trends in contemporary Norwegian literature and indicate how these are reflected in the offer in the Polish book market. The increased popularity of Norwegian fiction in Poland may be a result of the readers’ preferences, but on the other hand also of the general interest in Norway and, not less importantly, the availability of subsidies for literary translations. The books published in Poland in 1995–2010 reflect very well the most characteristic trends in contemporary Norwegian literature. One can find among them examples of both minimalism (including naivism and encyclopaedism, while the most typical subject areas include family relations, existential problems and religion. Biographies and autobiographies that recently have been a crucial and much-discussed group of literary production in Norway are less represented. The phenomenon of popular literature – the new heyday of the romantic novel series as well as the fashion for Scandinavian crime fiction – is also noteworthy. In addition, some valuable Norwegian books for children and youth were translated into Polish and published in the period. On the whole, it should be emphasised that the situation of Norwegian fiction in Poland is very good; it is undoubtedly one of the best represented minor European literatures in the Polish market.
Full Text Available Le texte autobiographique potentiel se rattache curieusement à des configurations du fragment. L’écrivain oulipien écrit par fragments. Les fragments sont alors un petit univers en miettes. L’écriture fragmentaire remonte au moment de l’entrée dans la bibliothèque. Je me souviens, Les amnésiques n’ont rien vécu d’inoubliable, Autobiographie, chapitre dix, Pas un jour sont fait de fragments ; ce choix est alors justifié à la manière oulipienne de la liste, de l’inventaire. La cohérence déforme, l’incohérence est totalisante, potentielle. Ce morcellement du moi exprime l’ambiguïté de l’écriture, la canalisation de l’être dans le livre. Seul le travail est là, comme un être universel. En réponse à cette impasse, l’autobiographe oulipien confie la charge de reconstituer son être émietté à l’autre, au lecteur. L’autre alors dévolue la tâche de faire le portrait de l’écrivain à partir des fragments multiples laissés par l’écriture, de faire un texte cohérent de ce récit abandonné à l’image et au son. Plusieurs ressemblances fondamentales se dégagent pourtant de l’écriture potentielle autobiographique : l’importance et la complexité des rapports entre le langage, l’image, et le son, la fragmentation et la cohérence du vécu, le rangement du moi dans le souvenir et la pensée, le lyrisme et la force de l’inachèvement de l’écriture potentielle.
Buis, Johann S
How is it possible for song and dance to exist in political incarceration and manifest itself later as public policy responding to apartheid atrocities? Examining the body of songs, oral history accounts, and eye-witness reports provided by fellow-prisoners of Mandela on Robben Island prison, I uncover a psychological environment mediated through music and dance--within the confines of a political prison. This source of prison music-making by political prisoners in detention, provide us with the artistic expressions of revolutionary songs, parody songs, praise songs, laments, etc. These music genres reflect ontologies embedded in Mandela's juristic imagination. My framework for explaining these ontologies is a theoretical framework I call an aesthetic of function: internal ontologies that speak to the African cultural ground against which external ontologies are expressed in the jurisprudential redress to apartheid atrocities. Examining his external (jurisprudential) ontologies through song and dance, one realizes that the best way for him to have solved the unprecedented public redress of apartheid atrocities is evident in the songs he sang in Robben Island prison. Retribution could have been a logical solution for him. Instead, he turned to truth-telling and reconciliation as public policy. The Truth and Reconciliation Commission's unprecedented breaking of social and jurisprudential boundaries, the claim of agency for both victims and perpetrators, and public policy of South Africa's first democratically elected black president, lie deeply embedded in cultural practices he testified to in his autobiography, "The Long Walk to Freedom". These cultural practices in prison were singing and dancing. This paper complements the music-as-torture trope: here music in detention carries ontological agency. Musical evidence of stylistic features, text, and contextual analyses, and related literary criticism devices, expose Mandela's embedded internal and external
菲茨杰拉德留给后世的五部长篇小说，均取材于他所生活的年代，生动地展示了20世纪初期美国的生活。《夜色温柔》的独特之处在于它是一部具有自传性质的文学作品，作家将自己的亲身经历融进了小说内容，所以能更真实、更贴切地表达出那个时代的文学主题：悲剧命运、“美国梦”的破灭、现代主义特征、女性主义以及消费异化等。阅读菲氏的长篇小说，仿佛能被书中的文字带回到那个让人纸醉金迷的“爵士时代”。%The legacy of Fitzgerald ’ s five long novels is drawn from the time of his life and vividly shows life in the United States in the early 20th century.The unique of Tender Is the Night is that it is a literary works with characteristic of autobiography and the writer integrates his own experience into the novel .Thus Tender Is the Night could express the literary theme of that era more veritably and more relevantly:the tragic fate, the bursting of the American Dream, modernistic features, feminism, and con-sumption alienation etc .It seems that reading Fitzgerald ’ s novel could bring us back to the luxurious and dissipative Jazz Age .
Astronomer, educator, and science historian Dorrit Hoffleit (1907-2007) was widely respected by the amateur and professional astronomical community as a mentor and an ardent supporter of independent research. Her more than 600 catalogues, books, articles, book reviews, and news columns cover myriad aspects of astronomy, from variable stars and stellar properties to meteor showers, quasars, and rocketry. She also made important contributions to the history of astronomy. Hoffleit worked at the Harvard College Observatory from 1927-1956, where she discovered over 1200 variable stars. When Director Harlow Shapley retired from Harvard, Hoffleit gave up her tenured position and moved to Yale University, where she was placed in charge of the Yale Catalog of Bright Stars. At the same time, she was offered a position as director of the Maria Mitchell Observatory on Nantucket Island in Massachusetts. Hoffleit split her dual positions into six-month stints and remained director at the Mitchell Observatory for 21 years, developing a summer research program that engaged more than 100 undergraduate students (all but three of them women) in variable star research. Up until shortly before her death, she continued to work tirelessly on selected projects, and she was in high demand as a collaborator with colleagues at Yale and elsewhere. She was especially devoted to the American Association of Variable Star Observers (AAVSO) in part because it brought together amateur and professional astronomers in collaboration. She served on the organization's council for 23 years and as its president from 1961-1963. In 2002, the AAVS0 published her autobiography, Misfortunes as Blessings in Disguise, in which Hoffleit explains how she always felt blessed by the opportunities in her life, even those which initially seemed misfortunes, and above all else valued creativity, flexibility, collegiality, and intellectual freedom in her professional life.
Manero Sorolla, M. Pilar
Full Text Available The expulsion in 1592 of the First Provincial of the Discalced Carmelite Order, Jerónimo Gracián de la Madre de Dios (1545-1614, induced him to undertake a pilgrinage to Rome determined to seek the justicie that the new Provincial, Nicolás de Jesús María (Doria and King Philip II had denied him in Spain. The article, beginning with this specific and important event in the course of the Carmelite life and of the Order itself, gives a detailed account of their circumstances and explains Gracian's previous and future peregrination based mainly on his dialogistic autobiography and capital work. La peregrinación de Anastasio: an apology of his innocence and example of his literary value.La expulsión en 1592 del primer provincial del Carmen descalzo, Jerónimo Gracián de la Madre de Dios (1545-1614, condujo a éste a peregrinar a Roma en busca de la justicia que le negaban en España el nuevo provincial, Nicolás de Jesús María (Doria y el rey Felipe II. El artículo, partiendo de este acontecimiento determinante en el rumbo de la existencia del carmelita y de la orden, puntualiza las circunstancias del mismo y selecciona anteriores y sobre todo posteriores peregrinaciones de su existencia, basándose especialmente en su autobiografía dialogada y escrito más importante: La peregrinación de Anastasio, verdadera apología de su inocencia y ejemplo de su valía literaria.
Full Text Available From Exodus to the American Dream, from Terra Nullius to the Yellow Peril to multicultural harmony, migration has provided a rich source of myth throughout human history. It engenders dreams, fears and memories in both migrant and resident populations; giving rise to hope for a new start and a bright future, feelings of exile and alienation, nostalgia for lost homelands, dreams of belonging and entitlement, fears of invasion, dispossession and cultural extinction. It has inspired artists and writers from the time of the Ancient Testament to the contemporary age of globalisation and mass migration and it has exercised the minds of politicians from Greek and Roman times to our era of detention centres and temporary visas. This reading of Asian-Australian picture books will focus on immigrants’ perception of the ‘new worlds’ of America and Australia. The Peasant Prince, a picture-book version of Li Cunxin’s best-selling autobiography Mao’s Last Dancer, sets up tensions between individual ambition and belonging, illustrated by contrasts between the Chinese story ‘The Frog in the Well’ and the Western fairy-tale of Cinderella, to which Li Cunxin’s own trajectory from poor peasant boy in a Chinese village to international ballet star is explicitly related. Shaun Tan’s The Lost Thing and The Arrival trace the journey from alienation to belonging by means of fantasy worlds encompassing both utopic and dystopic visions. By way of a conclusion, the paper considers the nature of myth as evoked and dramatised in these texts, contrasting the idea of myth as eternal truth with Roland Barthes’ insistence that myth is a mechanism which transforms history into nature.
Full Text Available This paper explores the ways in which Ernest J. Gaines uses fiction in The Autobiography of Miss Jane Pittman to write a history of the African American from 1861 to 1961. The “Introduction” sets the novel going, but its direction has already been given in the unusual dedication to his grandmother, stepfather and aunt “who did not walk a day in her life but who taught me the importance of standing” (Gaines iv. The significance for Gaines is that what happened a hundred years ago is part of his present-day lived life.The nineteenth-century novel was possessed by history, and white nineteenth-century novelists found their great subject in the war of European nations that was fought between 1799 and 1815. But that was not an American war nor was it an African American war. For Gaines, the war that makes the great turning point of a nation and a people is the American Civil War, fought from 1861 to 1865. It resulted in a moment of history after which life would not be the same. However, one of the main points that Gaines makes about that great turning point in history is that everything changed and nothing changed. And his main fictional device to establish that truth is to tell the history of the hundred years since Emancipation as the story of one woman. Her autobiography becomes an ethno-biography.The continuity forwards from 1861 is given through the life of one woman, but Gaines’s uses another device to provide a continuity backwards from 1861. The young man who wants to get Miss Jane Pittman’s story upsets her with his persistence: “What you want know about Miss Jane for?’ Mary said. ‘I teach history,’ I said. ‘I’m sure her life’s story can help me explain things to my students.’ ‘What’s wrong with them books you already got?’ Mary said. ‘Miss Jane is not in them,’ I said” (Gaines v. Ernest J. Gaines wrote at a time when historians finally began to recognize that they could get no true history of the
Novak, Josef; Ohska, Tokio; Nemec, Vaclav
away one third of the original libretto and - keeping it in secret - changed the opera to have a flavour of his personal confession/autobiography. New points of view have united all three colleagues for a new common project how to present this beautiful work under a completely new light. What an interesting example of a highly effective mix of cultural and scientific activities!
Siridia Fuertes Trigal
Full Text Available Nowadays, the genres are not as delimited as they use to be. In Javier Marias and Enrique Vila-Matas's novels, there is continuous reflection on the role of the author, as well as on life and literature (autobiography, essay and fiction. Padilla, a member of the group of ?Mexican Crack?, chooses both Spaniers as models. In both novels Amphitryon or Espiral de artillería there are commons traits with the novels of Marías and Vila-Matas. In this paper my aim is to analyse the relationship between Padilla and these Spanish writers workEn la época actual, los límites en la literatura han desaparecido, lo que se traduce en la ruptura de las fronteras genéricas y en la composición de obras híbridas que participan de todos los géneros. Tanto la obra de Vila-Matas como la de Javier Marías se nos presentan como una continua y trabada reflexión acerca del papel del autor en la creación literaria o, lo que en parte viene a ser lo mismo, acerca de las relaciones entre vida y literatura, entre autobiografía, ensayo y ficción. El mexicano Ignacio Padilla, miembro del autodenominado grupo del Crack mexicano, ha tomado como maestros del hibridismo genérico a estos dos autores españoles, y muestra de ello es la presencia en novelas como Amphitryon o Espiral de artillería de rasgos inspirados en las novelas policíacas, ensayísticas, históricas e incluso sociales. En este trabajo analizaré los rasgos que identifican de forma clara la obra de Padilla con Javier Marías y el prolífico Enrique Vila-Matas en un continuo diálogo entre las dos orillas
跨文化交际时通常有四大障碍：民族优越感、刻板印象、言语及非言语因素、压力。如果能建立一个模式，选择一些技巧和练习来帮助学生克服跨文化交际障碍，让他们勇于和外国人交谈，对外语教师是大有益处的。此模式涉及一个定量和定性的教学实验研究。教学实验证明：实验组在经过克服跨文化交际障碍培训之后，在与外国人交流时表现得更好。一些经历性的练习，比如听读目标文化者的自传，是有利于减小民族优越感的；模拟角色扮演，比如像目标文化者那样表现自己，对克服刻板印象有益；做一些因为非言语因素引起的跨文化冲突对话会让学生了解更多的非言语因素；而压力是一个情感因素，只能通过更多的跨文化交际来减小了。%This paper seeks to describe a model for selecting techniques and exercises by experimenting both quantitatively and qualitatively to help students break barriers to intercultural communication.The results indicate that Exercises such as listening to or reading autobiography of people from the target culture contribute to reducing ethnocentrism;simulation role-play, i.e.to behave like a native of the target culture, is useful to the breakthrough of stereotype;dialogues about intercultural conflicts caused by non-verbal language can be made to acquaint students with some non-verbal language.
Felix Toteu, Sadrack; Malcolm Anderson, John; de Wit, Maarten
' Africa Alive Corridors' (AAC) addresses major stewardship goals in Africa through a selection of 20 heritage Corridors (varying from 1000 to 4000 km in length and 50 to 100 km wide). These include more than 400 heritage nodes (World Heritage Sites, Biosphere Reserves, biodiversity hotspots, Geoparks, etc.). AAC tracks Africa's journey from around 4 billion years ago to the present day through these chronologically sequenced Corridors. And so, the 4-billion-year autobiography of the continent is told. It encompasses the geological, biological and anthropological/cultural history of Africa's 54 nations - a (hi-) story without borders. The wealth of scientific and biographical knowledge archived in this network of Corridors tells the story of continental drift, mega-geohazards, climate variability and change, and the origin and extinction of biodiversity; and includes our human roots, culture and spirituality, our impact on the Earth and our potential to influence its future. In telling this story of Africa, new research avenues will be discovered and new learning methodologies will be experienced and developed and shared. In this way, the AAC provide loci along which the eight UN-Millennium Development Goals may be readily and realistically achieved. In concert, they can form the basis for a new collective endeavour - of Pan African Earth Stewardship Science. In this, the final - 2010 - phase of IYPE (the International Year of Planet Earth), we aim to make a start at bringing the ' Africa Alive Corridors' into real-life context. Whilst the concept of the Corridors has been formulated and presented at various international forums—most recently in Africa at the launch of IYPE in Arusha, Tanzania, in May 2008—here we present in brief their conceptual framework, and summarize the rationale behind the selection of the 20 African Corridors. Then, we describe, for the first time, how the AAC concept might evolve. To achieve the latter, we focus on an exploratory
Full Text Available The article springs from the discussion on the depiction of Estonian history in autobiographical writing, in which researchers have pointed out either the cultural continuity or cultural rupture. The author deals with ‘rupture’ and ‘continuity’ as interrelated, mutually conditioning phenomena, asking how this relation is disclosed in life writing. For research the author selected autobiographies narrated in the period from 1989 to 1998 from the life writing collection of the Estonian Cultural History Archives. The 18 analysed stories depict life in Stalinist prison camps. It is assumed that in the life narratives that are concerned with prison experiences, the cultural, everyday and political disruptions are particularly clearly outlined. The thematic analysis of the stories reveals that narrators concentrate on prison experiences related to food, work and death. The axis supporting the narratives comes to the fore through linguistic images: the narrators, former prisoners of the Stalinist camps, perceive themselves as being outside the borders of civilisation, deprived of human treatment. It is significant that the stories do not present much information about the development of the authors’ relationships with their families after the prison camp. How the prison camp period influenced later personal lives was told by only one of the authors of the studied narratives. The stories were narrated at the end of the Soviet period (during Perestroika, or in Estonia after the restitution of independence. By that time, approximately 40 years had passed since the events, and aspects of personal life had been solved and discussed. On the public level, an open discussion on these topics started namely at the end of the 1980s. Then, at the end of the Soviet period, also the rehabilitation of the repressed people started, opening a dialogue between the individual and the state institutions on the topic of repression. The studied life stories also
kind of collective and individual stories does migration create? In which ways does retroperspection work as a technique for creating autobiographies in oral transmission?
Puig-Samper, Miguel Ángel
Full Text Available The study of Alejandro de Humboldt's transit through Spain and particularly Madrid, has been one of the forgotten aspects of his historiography. The reasons that would explain the approval by king Charles IV of his trip, involving the minister Mariano de Urquijo and the embassador of Sajonia, baron of Forell, are not sufficiently documented due to the scarce data that Humboldt himself offered in his work and to the absence of any other supporting documents. This work studies the preparation of his American trip and its approval by the Spanish court. It incorporates the Memorandum presented —which was «lost» until now—, the autobiography submitted to the authorities and the references given by Philippe de Forrell. Furthermore, it analyses his relationships with the Spanish scientific community in Madrid and the profile of the team that supported him to achieve his targets.
El estudio del paso de Alejandro de Humboldt por España y especialmente por Madrid ha sido tradicionalmente uno de los aspectos más olvidados en la historiografía humboldtiana. La repetición de los pocos datos que él mismo ofreció en su obra y la falta de documentos ha hecho insuficiente la explicación de cómo fue aprobado su viaje por el rey Carlos IV, con la intervención del ministro Mariano Luis de Urquijo y del embajador de Sajonia, barón de Forell. En el presente trabajo se estudia la preparación de su viaje americano y su aprobación en la Corte española, aportando la Memoria presentada —abasta ahora «perdida»—, la autobiografía que elevó a las autoridades y el aval de Philippe de Forell. Asimismo se analizan sus relaciones con los científicos españoles en Madrid y el perfil del grupo que le ayudó a conseguir sus objetivos.
Full Text Available The aim of this work is to design a map of apocryphal manifestations about Max Aub’s figure, writer who has constructed a universe of fake from his first works, including different genres. From the contrast with some of French texts that Aub read, and that supposed his particular cultural inheritance, it will be found a panorama that it includes so much the teachers and predecessors in the apocryphal practice maxaubiana, André Gide y Valéry Larbaud, as his more representative successors: the creative novelists of the fictitious one Sabino Ordás. On the one hand, between some and others, there will be traced the peninsular cases of major transcendency, in order to analyze the relevancy of this corpus and its function with regard to the canon. On the other hand, we are interested in valuing the will of subversion of the conventional mechanisms of the art and of the autobiography.En este trabajo se realiza una lectura del mapa de manifestaciones apócrifas alrededor de la figura de Max Aub, escritor que construye un universo de superchería literaria desde sus obras iniciales, abarcando y fusionando diferentes géneros. A partir del contraste con algunos de los textos franceses que leyó, y que supusieron una herencia cultural de gran valor, se esbozará un panorama que incluya tanto a los maestros y predecesores en la práctica apócrifa aubiana, André Gide y Valéry Larbaud fundamentalmente, como a sus sucesores más representativos: los narradores leoneses creadores de Sabino Ordás. Entre unos y otros, se rastrearán los casos peninsulares de mayor trascendencia, con el fin de llamar la atención, por una parte, sobre la relevancia de este corpus y su función con respecto al canon. Por otra parte, se analizará su voluntad de subversión de los mecanismos convencionales del arte y de la autobiografía.
Lobna Ben Salem
Full Text Available If in Edward Said’s words, “everyone lives life in a given language; everyone’s experiences therefore are had, absorbed, and recalled in that language” (Out of Place, 1999: 217, a writer who chooses to write in a language other than the mother-language is inevitably a victim of displacement. In a geography-decentred world, being linguistically out of place is usually accompanied with a physical displacement, issuing into a problematic interplay between language, self and identity. In Assia Djebar’s autobiographic narratives, the role of the written word is made more complex, not only because Djebar is a Muslim woman, but also due to the conflict between her oral ‘maternal’ Arabic/Berber language, and the written ‘paternal’ language which is French. Djebar has a complex relationship with these two languages in and between which she lived; two languages that worked in tandem, but also Othered each other in a shifting myriad of experiences and forms of being and becoming. This paper aims at discussing the intersectionality of language, identity and displacement. It starts with the view that the written word separates the writer from her maternal language, and her expression in French has become a source of anxiety. Knowing that her association of language and home underlies her double displacement both linguistically and geographically, how does Djebar come to terms with the anxiety of a double exile? At what point was she able to proclaim that writing in “the enemy’s language” heralds the self’s plurality, positionality, alterity and uniqueness. What role has the autobiographic genre played in this self-fulfilment? The paper postulates that linguistic hybridity is the only possible venue for Djebar when it comes to escaping the alienation inherent in her expression in the enemy's language. The integration of orality in Djebar’s (written autobiographies allows the author to surmount her linguistic exile, to properly
Full Text Available Being able to recognize, understand and narrate one’s own biography, in its incipit, ruit and exit, which define everybody’s existential path, has become a dramatically difficult social emergency that must be addressed. In current times, in fact, it is possible to observe both a need/right to narrate one’s own autobiography and a civil right/duty of being educated at doing it. Being capable of narrating one’s own life history is not a spontaneous act anymore, because contemporary life swallows up all histories in addition to History itself. Understanding and elaborating the past, making oneself capable of narrating it and letting oneself be inspired by it to deepen the knowledge of the present as its possible outcome, is considered superfluous and useless. Why did this happen? We will try to list a series of complex, and often dramatic, factors behind it, even though we know well that they depend on endless reasons and on the perspective chosen to interpret them. Contemporary life needs new parameters to define identity and social rooting, which nowadays can neither be simply inherited, nor offered by a single territory or place. This rooting has become more like a dimension that must be “trained” inside oneself to turn into the ability of moving simultaneously in the various places of life and into the ability of opposing, in a dynamical way, one’s own inner firmness to the constant external movement: in other words, the ability of “linking” the events in one’s own life along a time continuum, while space is always changing.All this implies cultivating what we have defined as the inner citizenship, a proposal of secular ethics based on some “pieces of consciousness” (the consciousness of the complementary difference between male and female, the consciousness of the presence of History inside an individual’s biography, the consciousness of the need of an education to democracy, etc. that make the person ready to
Full Text Available The Qur’ânic Studies have long recognized the conceptual dichotomy of Makkîyah and Madaniyah where verses are classified as either belonging to the period of Makkah or Madinah. This paper suggests that this conceptual dichotomy may also be applied in the study of the science of the prophetic saying (hadîth. We propose that paradigm of the Qur’ânic Studies concerning the periodical distinction may be borrowed to understand and classify the prophetic sayings along the line of Makkîyah and Madanîyah. The paper however acknowledges this effort is not without methodological difficulties. There are hadîth that may –in terms of their characteristics and substance- be regarded as Makkî, but may also be considered as Madani because they are narrated by the people of Madinah (the Ansâr. To tackle this problem, we propose double-way strategy. We will first find out which hadîths are regarded as Makkî in terms of their characteristics and substance, and then examine the idea of what many have called the “argumentation of the prophetic term”. The first is about the thematic study, while the second is about the analysis of the term of a hadîth. The first will involve the consultation of mainly the hadîth authoritative book called Miftâh Kunûz al-Sunnah, while the second will consult those books that employ the personal-encyclopedic approach including books of hadîth, the sciences of the Qur’ân (tafsîr, the reason of revelation (asbâb al-nuzûl, the reason of decreeing (asbâb al-wurûd, and the autobiography of the prophet (sîrah. The meaning of a hadîth and its appropriation in these books will be analyzed in the light of the science of hadîth. The paper will examine how different scientists of tafsir, hadîth and so on would understand and interpret the same hadîth.
Doerr, Marilyn Noble
This classroom research is a case study of a high school ecology curriculum based on William Pinar's currere. The author, both the practitioner in the classroom and the curriculum developer, uses the dissertation to analyze the success of the ecology course. A successful course, she feels, not only teaches the students the rudiments of ecology but also introduces them to the political and moral issues surrounding ecological principles. Currere is curriculum as autobiographical text. It is phenomenological, exploring students' lived experiences and their interpretations of those experiences. With the focus on introspection and hermeneutics, curriculum becomes something to be encountered and the student immerses her/himself in trying to understand that encounter. In this study, currere is adapted for use in an ecology classroom through what the author terms "the Environmental Autobiography," or EA. The paper explores qualitative data collected from the researcher and 50 students, mostly high school seniors, who took the class over a two-year period. The researcher analyzes and interprets a generous selection of excerpts from these EAs when considering the efficacy of using the currere process in this course. The researcher then examines five frequently-appearing themes in the writings: caring, insecurities and gender issues, egocentrism, politicization, and definitions of success. The researcher finds that the use of currere in this way brought a postmodern approach to the teaching of this most holistic of the sciences---ecology. This non-traditional method allowed students to begin to see ecological problems in context and to realize that knowledge is always partial. For many students this currere-based ecology curriculum moved them from "I know" to "I care," and on to "I want to do something about this." Finally, the researcher concludes that the EA gave a richness and energy to the class that was unlike any of her past teaching experiences. The paper explores
Full Text Available L’oeuvre d’Annie Ernaux, basée sur l’autobiographique, dépasse pourtant le cadre de l’écriture intimiste et exploite librement la matière autobiographique. On y découvre la subjectivité se projetant dans l’objectivité afin de percer plus profondément dans la réalité du monde et universaliser l’expérience.Ainsi les anti-journaux de cet écrivain, Journal du dehors et La vie extérieure, représentent le type du journal intime tourné vers l’extérieur, vers les inconnus, rencontrés dans les rues de Paris, les supermarchés, les services sociaux. L’intérêt majeur de l’écrivain est porté sur les marginaux qui sont « catalogués » faisant découvrir la vision panoramique de la marginalité. La description du social apparaît comme une des formes de l’objectivité.Dans cet article on met également l’accent sur les différentes manifestations du « moi » autobiographique qui peut être « impersonnel », « personnel », « transpersonnel » et participer, à divers degrés, dans la réalité décrite. Tournée vers l’extérieur, vers les autres, l’écriture ernausienne privilégie l’approche d’objectivation où « le moi » personnel est presque anéanti. Néamoins cette approche s’avère aussi propice à la quête personnelle qui désormais prend le caractère autosocioanalysant, liant l’être historique avec sa vision intime du monde.
Wang Shuhe is considered to be Zhang Zhongjing's disciple according to four reasons:A. the acquaintance of Yu Jiaxi and Fan Xingzhun and others. B. the close relation of Wang Shuhe and Wei Xun. C. Zhang Zhongjing's complete works kept by Wang Shuhe and Wang Shuhe's autobiography.D. the record in Maijing and that Wang Shuhe called Zhang Zhongjing master. It was speculated that Wang Shuhe was the minister of imperial medical affairs of the Wu Kingdom from the title of the emperor's reign recorded by Huang Fumi and Jingzhou's attribution. He contributed to Traditional Chinese Medicine in three aspects-preserving and classifying Zhang Zhongjng's complete works; preserving literature on pulse diagnosis, writing Maijing and standardizing methods for pulse-taking; and advancing the concept of syndrome and Bianzheng (变蒸 transmutation with steaming in infant feverish perspiration), probing the theory of feverish diseases, and people's well-being, demonstrating the spirit of Bianzhenglunzhi(辨证论治).%根据余嘉锡与范行准等人的初识、王叔和与卫讯之密切、王叔和保留仲景遗著及、王叔和撰著中始称仲景为师及中有随师医事的记载等,指认王叔和为仲景亲炙弟子.从皇甫谧记载王叔和医事的年号及当时荆州的归属,考辨王叔和为吴太医令.王叔和对中医学的发展有三大贡献:保存并整理仲景遗著;保存以前的脉诊文献并撰著和规范切脉法式;提出证候、变蒸等概念,探索温病和养生,显扬了辨证论治.
Full Text Available For his friends and for himself, Winckelmann likes to divide his life in two quite distinct periods: the German one at first, which unfolds in dark libraries, and then the Italian one, lived in the light of Rome’s art collections. In this construct, the Italian phase stands in contrast to the German one as sensible knowledge does to bookish learning. This dichotomy, which was stylized by Winckelmann himself, then picked up again by his biographers and interpreters, is doubly beneficial for him. It allows him first, in the order of autobiography, to set himself up as the hero of a dynamic tale marked by a strong existential split. In moving from Germany to Rome, Winckelmann could be seen to have lifted himself from the dead universe of books to the tangible reality of stone statues. But it allows him too to position himself as the founder of a new field of study: art history. With his Geschichte der Kunst des Altherthums (1764, written in Rome, the historical discourse about art, which — according to Winckelmann — up to then has rested on ancient texts, begins to rely on the sensible observation of works of art.An attentive reader, however, shouldn’t be content with such a construct. The use of books plays a much more complex role in Winckelmann’s life than what the Roman Winckelmann cares to admit. What, then, is the role of reading in Winckelmann’s work? What is the role of the book in the German and Italian phase of its development? An unusually rich archival collection is available to answer these questions: his notebooks of excerpts. Starting in his student years, Winckelmann developed the habit of recording entire text passages he read and thus constituting a portable handwritten library, which never left him. The result of this meticulous compilation work appears on approximately 7500 pages covered with fine, narrow handwriting, mostly preserved at the manuscript department of the Bibliothèque Nationale de France, in Paris
Alberto ROMERO FERRER
Full Text Available RESUMEN: El objetivo de este trabajo es llevar a cabo una clasificación y primer estudio de los distintos materiales literarios que generaron las Cortes de Cádiz y que, además de un corpus de fuentes muy importantes para el conocimiento de este episodio histórico, constituyen una parte ciertamente relevante de esa misma historia, como protagonista de los acontecimientos y de la propia historia literaria, a la que aportan una nueva concepción pública y política del texto. El elevado volumen de prensa, folletos, panfletos y dramas políticos generados o alusivos al episodio gaditano, de un lado, y de otro, la numerosa literatura de autobiografía y memoria, que lo recrean desde la voz de algunos de sus protagonistas o testigos más directos, necesitan de un inventario y clasificación que ordene todo este material para su posterior estudio y edición. Esta aproximación se considera, pues, el paso previo de un programa de investigación mucho más amplio que, desde el Grupo de Estudios del Siglo XVIII de la Universidad de Cádiz, se quiere afrontar ante la proximidad del segundo centenario de las Cortes de 1812.ABSTRACT: The aim of this work is to classify and to carry out the first analysis on the literature produced under the Courts of Cádiz. This material conforms both an essential part of history itself and a crucial element in the understanding of the literary history to which it provides with a new public and political concept of the text. The extensive amount of writings in the press, leaflets, pamphlets and political dramas related to this episode in Cadiz, as well as the copious information reflected in the memoirs and autobiographies of some of the main leaders and witnesses in this historical event give an account of the need to classify and systematize all these writings to edit and analyse them in the near future. Thus, this project could be understood as a first step in a more comprehensive research to be done by the
《红楼梦》研究面临着路径、方法的重新考量的问题。新旧“红学”试图以影射、自传阐释文本的途径矛盾丛生，愈走愈窄。而通过广义的互文视角，却可以揭示出这部小说生成的文化、文学血脉---林黛玉的精神气质、林黛玉与薛宝钗二元对待的描写方式，都不是索隐或考证能解决的；无论“林下风气”与“闺房之秀”的“兼美”向往，还是“红楼”、“梦”、“葬花”等意象透露的忏悔心态，以及“太虚幻境”展现的女性天国等，都是那个时代常见的言说。%Currently, it is really necessary to rethink the ways and the means in studying A Dre am of Red Mansions. New and traditional redology have attempted to elucidate A Dream of Red Mansions based on the theories of “fact-searching”(“Suoyin”) and autobiography, but they begin to find that the study falls into a dilemma and conundrum. However, intertextuality in the broad sense reveals the cultural and literary vein and root of A Dream of Red Mansions. By contrast, it is difficult to expound the ethos and charisma of Lin Daiyu and the description of duality about Lin Daiyu and Xue Baochai. But in fact, both the aesthetic ideal that combining unconventional presence of scholars (Lin Xia Zhi Feng, which means refined elegance) with traditional female elegance (appeal generated by the heritage boudoir) or the repentance revealed by the imageries of the“red mansion”,“dream”,“burying flowers sentimentally”, and so on, even the “women’s paradise”hinted in the dreamland tour (Tai Xu Huanjing), are all the familiar social consciousness in the time of A Dream of Red Mansions.
William K. Carroll
Full Text Available Sunera Thobani is a formidable activist and scholar. Through decades of activism and scholarship, spanning the globe from East Africa to Canada, via England and the United States, she has developed and applied a critical race feminist and anti-imperialist analysis of world capitalism and colonialism. As an activist, she is probably best known as the former President of the National Action Committee on the Status of Woman, Canada’s then largest feminist organization. During her tenure she sought to make anti-racism central to feminist struggles. In her academic work, she has developed critical race theory to cast new light on the dynamics around globalization, violence against women, reproductive technologies, social programmes, immigration and nation-building, and colonialism and war. In her research and teaching, she consistently combines her scholarship with community activism, including through her work at the Centre for Race, Autobiography, Gender and Age (RAGA, which she directs and which features active collaboration among community activists and university scholars and students. She is a founding member of the Canada-wide alliance, Researchers and Academics of Colour for Equity.Sunera Thobani was educated at universities in England, the United States and received her PhD from Simon Fraser University in Canada. She is the author of numerous articles, both scholarly and for a more general public. Arguably her most well-known intervention is “War Frenzy,” a 2001 speech calling on women across Canada to oppose the Canadian support of the American-led invasion into Afghanistan. This intervention is now reproduced in a book of Great Canadian Speeches (2004. A frequently invited speaker in both her academic and activist capacities, she has addressed audiences across Canada, as well as in Austria, China, Denmark, England, India, Malaysia, Mexico, the Palestine Occupied Territories, the Philippines, and the United States. Sunera Thobani has
Miranda Garnier Ximena
Full Text Available Resumen:Los 200 años del nacimiento de Charles R. Darwin y los 150 años de la publicación de su libro “El origen de las especies” recuerdan la importancia de la creatividad y de comprender cómo se desarrolla. En este ensayo, analizo la autobiografía de Charles Darwin y concluyo que la creatividad en su vida surgió por interacción entre cualidades personales y una serie de circunstancias. En el análisis, sobresalen elementos que incluyen curiosidad, crecer cerca de la naturaleza, gusto por la lectura y el aprendizaje autónomo, la presencia de buenos mentores, disciplina, experiencia en los métodos de trabajo científico, disposición para establecer una red de científicos, y pasión por lo que se hace. Estos fueron elementos clave para su impacto en biología, geología, psicología, filosofía e incluso en nuestra percepción general del mundo. Se hacen reflexiones para educadores con la intención de promover el desarrollo de la creatividad en nuestros niños, niñas y jóvenes.Abstract:The 200th anniversary of Charles R. Darwin´s birth and the 150th of the publication of his “Origin of Species” remind us of the importance of creativity, and of understanding its development. In this essay, I analyze the autobiography of Charles Darwin and conclude that his creativity resulted from a series of personal qualities and circumstances. The key elements I found include curiosity, growing near nature, passion for reading and for autonomous learning, the role of good mentors, discipline, a disposition to establish a network with other scientists, experience with scientific methods, and passion for what he did. The presence of these elements in his life resulted in his transforming biology, geology, psychology, philosophy, and even our general perception of the world. Reflections for educators are presented with the intention of promoting the development of creativity in our children and youth.
Garces, María Antonia
Full Text Available Saavedra was not Cervantes's last name, nor one that his direct ancestors bore. The writer assumed this surname after his return from Barbary, where he was a captive from 1575 to 1580. This surname acquires an extraordinary significance in the light of the Cervantine literary production, because Saavedra is also the name granted by Cervantes to the protagonists of his dramas El trato de Argel and El gallardo español, and to a character in La historia del cautivo, interpolated in Don Quijote Part I. This essay examines the adoption of the patronymic Saavedra by Miguel de Cervantes from interdisciplinary perspectives, such as literary history, psychoanalytic theory, and a study of the frontiers between autobiography and fiction in the Spanish author. Saavedra represents a testimony of the limit experience of captivity and, simultaneously, a response to this experience emerging from artistic creation.Saavedra no era el apellido de Cervantes, ni tampoco un patronímico que llevaran sus antepasados directos. El escritor asumió este apellido algunos años después de su retomo de Argel, donde estuvo cautivo desde 1575 hasta 1580. Este apelativo adquiere una significación extraordinaria a la luz de la creación literaria cervantina, porque Saavedra es también el nombre otorgado por el autor a los protagonistas de sus dramas El trato de Argel y El gallardo español, así como a otro personaje en La historia del cautivo, interpolada en El Quijote de 1605. Este ensayo examina la adopción del apellido Saavedra por parte de Miguel de Cervantes desde perspectivas interdisciplinarias, como la historia literaria, la teoría psicoanalítica y el estudio de las fronteras entre la autobiografía y la ficción en el autor alcalaíno. Saavedra representa un testimonio de la experiencia limítrofe del cautiverio y, simultáneamente, una respuesta a la misma, que se erige a partir de la creación.
By doing a comparative analysis on autobiographies LI Yuan Wei’s Basketball World and Loyalty without Regrets:Me and Chinese Football written respectively by LI Yuan Wei (head of Chinese Basketball Association) and YAN Shi Duo (former head of Chinese Football Association) in such 4 aspects as taking and leaving office, dealing with the media, foreign coaches and coaching environments as well as crisis handling, the author drew the following conclu-sions:1) such an appointment mechanism as“folk rumors+private information disclosure+official appointment”is provided with too many subjective factors, not conducive to basketball and football development in the long run;2)“in-discrete management and execution”has hindered the progress of basketball and football professionalization reform to a certain extent;3) basketball and football management is still mainly based on“people management”, lacking of a“legal system”foundation. Different tracks of football and basketball development in China indicate that seeking development during reform and boosting reform during development is the inevitable way to sports system reform in China.%通过对中国篮坛和足坛前掌门人李元伟与阎世铎的传记(《李元伟篮坛风云路》和《忠诚无悔：我与中国足球》)从上任与卸任、与媒体打交道、外教及执教环境以及危机处理4个方面的对比分析，得出以下结论：1)“民间传言+私露口风+正式委任”的任命机制，存在太多主观因素，从长远看不利于篮球、足球发展；2)“管办不分”一定程度上阻碍了篮、足球职业化改革进程；3)篮、足球管理仍以“人治”为主，缺乏“法制”根基。我国足球、篮球运动发展的不同轨迹表明，在改革中谋求发展，在发展中推进改革，是中国体育体制改革必由之路。
Katia Gomes da Silva
realidade pós-colonial. Abstract: The task of writing about a reflexive analysis of yourself is always subjective, because the individual does not live in isolation. He is part of a historical and geographical context, so data will reflect the society in which he is inserted. The internal confusion for the construction of the narrative "I", with the multiplicity of "selves" who live within the subject, find themselves even more complex with the position that "I" face the situations of the influences of people who formed the nation post -colonial, mainly political situations of the historical relations between these peoples. So if configures the post-colonial context of today, in which the story was driven by the centrality of certain individuals over others, who were marginalized, subordinate, and which were only highlighted in condition represented by others. This representation of the banks that were set, considered the Other, was conducted without the subject's voice in building its own representation. Moreover, this Other, here portrayed as being black, was compelled to follow the cultural pattern and imagery than was posited as the universal, that is, the white European. This environment influenced the development of identities and political position adopted this Other, resulting in new subjectivities and possibilities of dialogue between people who have gone through historical condition of colonization, where Brazil and Africa. Thus, the autobiography of the Other ultimately bring elements of the group which it is integrated, living under the same condition marginalized. Therefore, this autobiography is an important tool for understanding this Other, a different situation now, recovering a subject of its own representation. Causing then a subjectivity of writing that explores new directions and brings new insights to the understanding of post-colonial reality.
Antonio MEDINA RIVILLA
Full Text Available RESUMEN: La formación y actualización permanente es un deber y un derecho de los formadores, y un compromiso de las administraciones e instituciones educativas. Los modelos y estrategias de formación del formador se han ido adaptando a las situaciones en las que actúan los formadores. Entre los modelos que más hemos desarrollado con los formadores destacamos:El proceso de autoconocimiento e identidad profesional desde la narrativa justificada de la propia autobiografía formativa.La construcción del saber práctico.El proceso de desarrollo profesional en equipo, con apoyo entre colegas.La creación de una cultura de colaboración. Estas amplias perspectivas se complementan con la transformación de la práctica reflexiva individualizada, que facilita el avance del conocimiento profesional y la madurez formativa de los formadores.Estas perspectivas se integran en un modelo pensativo-colaborativo, fundamentado en un proceso de indagación continua y de avance del saber profesional en coherencia con las teorías implícitas de los formadores/as. El formador/a ha de encontrar las claves para diseñar su itinerario de profesionalización y vivirlo en continua mejora y diálogo con colegas, abierto a las demandas de la comunidad y a los retos -sociolaborales, necesitados de un aprendizaje a lo largo de la vida.ABSTRACT: The formation and permanent update is a duty and a right of the forming ones, and a commitment of the administrations and educational institutions. The models and strategies of formation of the forming one have been adapting to situations in which they actuate the forming ones. Among the models that more we have developed with the forming ones we stand out:The process of self-knowledge and identity professional from the narrative of the own formative autobiography.The construction of to know practically.The process of professional development in equipment, with support between colleagues.The creation of a culture of collaboration
Full Text Available The aim of this article is to explore how a sense of place informs the autobiographical in the work of Bernard Kangro. In order to establish a wider context for the relationship between the writer in exile, writing, and a sense of place there is a reference to the work and literary views of the German-speaking Jewish poet Paul Celan. The common basis for the comparison of the work of the two writers is their exile status, but they also share an understanding of the interrelationship between language and reality, a distinctive relationship with places and a sense of place as well as religiousness in their work. The current article focuses on the depiction of places and a sense of place, and its associations with exile as a state of mind that heightens the sensitivity to the real places experienced in the past as well as the imaginary places experienced in the present. In the description of places and a sense of place the autobiographical element occurs on two levels. Firstly, an autobiographical reading is made possible by the proper names in the text that signify real geographical places, which allow for a positivist interpretation with regard to the author’s biography. Secondly, the autobiographical may be revealed through certain figures in Kangro’s work, which are repeated from work to work but whose meaning might be diametrically opposite. Such recurrent figures are, for example, those of the island, the sea, the land, the tree, fog, snow, the wind, the bog, the sky, and the star. The present article addresses the figure of the island and the shifting scale of meanings it creates in Kangro’s work. An approach to the autobiographical via textual tropes is based on Paul de Man’s consideration of autobiography, who was against defining autobiography as a genre or a mode but viewed it instead as “a figure of reading or of understanding that can occur in all texts”. In Kangro’s texts three kinds of islands are found: islands
Full Text Available En 1983, les féministes britanniques Sara Maitland et Jo Garcia ont publié Walking on the Water (London : Virago, une collection d’essais, de récits, de poèmes et de photos produits par des femmes sur le thème de la spiritualité. Les contributrices ont été en particulier invitées à explorer la relation entre leur identité féministe et leurs croyances religieuses. Le ton de ces contributions varie fortement, allant de l’envie passionnée de concilier les objectifs du féminisme avec le christianisme à un rejet total de l’Eglise comme institution patriarcale suprême. Cet article met en dialogue des récits diamétralement opposés du rapport entre christianisme et féminisme en s’intéressante plus particulièrement à deux des contributrices, Sara Maitland (1950 - et Michèle Roberts (1949 - . Ces deux écrivaines, qui se sont activement impliquées dans les mouvements féministes des années 1970, ont toutes deux lutté pour se réconcilier avec leur héritage chrétien. Néanmoins, alors que Maitland tente essentiellement de revisiter le christianisme en y incorporant les points essentiels d’une idéologie féministe, Roberts sent le besoin impérieux de se défaire de son identité religieuse afin de devenir indépendante ; en effet, dans son autobiographie Paper Houses (2007 elle décrit son éducation catholique comme “autoritaire et misogyne” (16. Cet article explore les façons dont l’identité spirituelle se construit dans le jeu complexe des interactions entre féminisme et foi. Il se propose, dans une perspective comparatiste, d’analyser d’une part le recueil de nouvelles de Sara Maitland intitulé A Book of Spells, et d’autre part, le roman acclamé de Michèle Roberts, Daughters of the House. Dans ces écrits, Maitland et Roberts ont un objectif commun qui est de renégocier la place des femmes dans l’histoire chrétienne dont elles reconnaissent – il est vrai à partir de perspectives diff
Full Text Available In this article I examine the development of Estonian autobiographical writing from its first manifestations to published memoirs, and the development of life writing and its diversification. The beginnings of life writing can be traced back to Estonian folk song and Estonian incidental poetry. The Moravian Brethren movement in Estonia in the 18th century promoted the spread of canonical autobiography. The Moravian Brethren offered alternative opportunities for self-realisation for Estonians who were serfs, and were therefore popular with the people. The practice of the Moravian Brethren made use of retelling and writing about the life of the congregation members, which sometimes became suitable biographies in print, especially stories of awakening. Several manuscript biographies have survived from the Brethren times, such as the biographies of Mäletu Jaan and Mihkel Sarapuu. In addition to the history of the Moravian Brethren movement, these biographies give information about the educational situation and living conditions of the people of the time. The Estonian life writing tradition emerged within the reigning Baltic German cultural space thanks to the Estophiles among the Baltic Germans (J. H. Rosenplänter and the first Estonian men of letters; from the early 19th century we have the diary by Rosenplänter, an estophile pastor from Pärnu, and the diary by the Estonian poet, the then-student Kristjan Jaak Peterson, both in the Estonian language. Johann Voldemar Jannsen, the founder of Estonian-language journalism, kept a diary in the German language for a longer period of time; it was usual that the first Estonian intellectuals (Lilli Suburg, and others in the late 19th century wrote in German. Admittedly, the first Estonian-language life history was written by a forward-looking 19th century peasant named Märt Mitt (1833-1912, who was conscious of himself as a historical subject and gave his memoirs, begun in the 1880s, a memorable title
Del hecho al dicho hay un poético trecho.Prolegómenos para una investigación social literaria(The poetics of the gap between facts and writings. Preambles for literary social research(Du fait au dire il y a un écart poétique. Prolégomènes pour une recherche sociale littéraire(Do fato ao dito há um poético trecho. Prolegômenos para uma investigação social literária
Jairo Hernando Gómez-Esteban
Full Text Available ResumenEste artículo constituye uno de los núcleos teóricos y metodo- lógicos de mi tesis doctoral Testigos de sí mismos: narrativas políticas de jóvenes bogotanos. En él se proporcionan los argumentos teóricos y epistemológicos para transitar de una escritura teórica a una escritura literaria como estrate- gia para acceder a los pliegues más ocultos de la subjetividad tanto del investigador como de los informantes y, sobre todo, para desvanecer las fronteras de dos tipos de escritura (o, si se quiere, de dos géneros discursivos: el científico y el literario. El texto está dividido en cinco partes. En la primera se discute la relación entre metáfora y concepto; en la segunda, el lugar que ocupan la autobiografía y el testimonio en esta discusión; en la tercera, se debate el agotamiento de las categorías socia- les y el papel que eventualmente juega aquí la escritura literaria; en la cuarta se describen y establecen las limitaciones del pa- pel de la antropología poética chilena como precursora de este planteamiento; y finalmente, se discuten las implicacio- nes metodológicas de la propuesta.AbstractThis paper contains one of the theoretical and methodological cores of the author's disserta- tion: Witnesses of themselves: political narratives of young people in Bogotá, providing theoretical and epistemological arguments for the transition of theoretical writing to literary writing as a stra- tegy to explore the hidden aspects of subjectivity of both scholars and informers, and to erase the borders between two types of writing (or discourse genres: scientific and literary. The text is organized in five parts. First, the relation between metaphor and concept is discussed; second, the place of the autobiography and the testimonial in this discus- sion; third, the exhaustion of social categories and the possible role of literary writing; fourth, the limi- tations of the Chilean Poetical Anthropology as a pioneer tendency; and
Maria do Socorro Veloso de Albuquerque
Full Text Available O objetivo deste texto é promover um diálogo com a autobiografia intelectual de Edgar Morin, com os três temas de maior relevância na sua obra "Meus demônios": a epistemologia, a ética e a política; e destacar a importância do pensamento complexo no processo de produzir saúde. A postura de indagação contínua faz Morin refletir sobre a provisoriedade das "verdades" e "conclusões". Sobretudo, que o conhecimento nunca é total, mas multidimensional. Propõe-se a construir um conhecimento que religa, que é inacabado e inacabável. Trabalha com o conceito de auto-ética, com a urgência de "constituição" de uma identidade humanitária, de uma consciência planetária, da idéia de terra pátria. Na política assinala a necessidade de uma consciência de resistência entre os homens, em todos os tempos e áreas, a forças mentais, ideológicas, culturais e históricas que possam suscitar erros e desta forma reforça a crença na necessidade imperiosa de repensar a política. A lógica do pensamento complexo de Morin tem iluminado muitas das discussões no campo da saúde, uma vez que nesse campo os fenômenos envolvendo o processo saúde e doença apresentam múltiplas dimensões, o que nos faz refletir sobre a complexidade do conceito de necessidades de saúde.This paper aims to promote a dialogue with the Edgar Morin's intellectual autobiography, with the three greatest relevant subjects in his work "My demons": the epistemology, the ethics and the politics; and to enhance the importance of the complex thought in the process of producing health. The continuous investigating attitude makes Morin reflect on the provisionment of the "truths" and "conclusions". Mainly that the knowledge is never total, but multidimensional. The knowledge is proposed to be constructed which re-links, which is unaccomplished and unaccomplishable. It works with the concept of auto-ethics, the urgency of "constitution" of a humanitarian identity, a planetary
Christian Dennys Monteiro de Oliveira
in presenting and discussing specific approaches to this kind of classes. However, this cultivation does not happen continuously, and is not at the heart of the planning of school geography. It shows up as an exception, a situation decried by these authors, who characterize limitations and potentialities and point to solutions. For that, they propose the revival of this idea within the various forms that activities external to the school take: excursions, visits, environmental studies, tourism. The pedagogical strength of the class in the field resides, however, in the potential of the teacher-student interaction for apprehending with the world, and for planning itself as it goes, resulting, in the conclusion to this article, in a defense of a strategic posture towards the management of the return to the classroom. Under the title of collective autobiography of the previous class, this text proposes to extend the relevance of the discussions about the field experience to fertilize contents and learning methods, recalling that the class in the field is, like an artistic inspiration, an irreplaceable element in the understanding of the space at the level of the school.