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Sample records for auto on train

  1. The Role of Cultural Context in Continuing Vocational Training: A Study on Auto Repairmen in Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akbas, Oktay

    2011-01-01

    This study analysed how auto repairmen working in micro-enterprises undertake continuing vocational training in relation to cultural context. The study was conducted in Kirikkale, a city in central Anatolia in Turkey. To this end, the descriptive research technique of structured interview was used. Interviews with 33 auto repairmen were recorded…

  2. A Study on Optimization of Pratical Training Teaching of Auto Repair & Mataintence In Technical schools%技校汽车维修专业实训教学优化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏振军

    2015-01-01

    Pratical training is the strengths of mechanic schools, Auto Maintenance and Repair is al major which is far more pratical. As for traditional practice teaching there are a lot of good teaching methods, based on which Auto Maintenance and Repair shall keep moven on , optimize and reform the teaching of Auto deeply . accelerate and improve the process of teaching reform of automobile major.%实训课是技工类学校的强项,汽车维修是实践性很强的专业。传统的实习课教学有很多好的教学方法,汽车维修要在此基础上与时俱进,深度的优化和改革汽车专业教学。加快和完善汽车专业的教学改革的进程。

  3. CONGRATULATIONS ON AUTO CHINA 2006

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ In April, China Machinery Industry Federation and Media & Press Center of CCPIT have successfully organized the China Auto International(Syria)Exhibition Tour and promoted the "walk out" strategy of Chinese independent brands.

  4. CONGRATULATIONS ON AUTO CHINA 2006

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

      In April, China Machinery Industry Federation and Media & Press Center of CCPIT have successfully organized the China Auto International(Syria)Exhibition Tour and promoted the "walk out" strategy of Chinese independent brands.……

  5. AUTO

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gammelgaard Nielsen, Anders; Aagaard, Tine; Diaz, pauline;

    2011-01-01

    AUTO is the first assignment that the students of Architecture are introduced to at the Aarhus school of Architecture. The aim is to give students an understanding of design through a generic working method. This by disassembling a car engine and staging its components through a series of castings...

  6. Esma Auto ja Mazda on loodud kestma

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Ülevaade olulisematest sündmustest Esma Auto kümne tegevusaasta jooksul. Kommenteerivad Tarmo Järvoja, Mart Laar ja Enn Sau. Diagrammid ja skeemid: AS Esma Auto müügi statistika läbi aastate; AS Esma Auto kasum ja klientide arv aastate lõikes; Esma Auto esindused Eestis ja pakutavad teenused

  7. Taking Year-end Inventory on China's Auto Market

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ From November 10 to 11, the 6th Annual China Auto Industry Development Summit, and Analysis and Survey on the China Auto Industry and Auto Parts Market for 2008, was held at the Beijing Central Garden Hotel. The event was co-sponsored by the China Machinery Industry Federation and the Liaoning Provincial Economic and Reform Commission.

  8. A New Scoring Function for Molecular Docking Based on AutoDock and AutoDock Vina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanchuk, Vsevolod Yu; Tanin, Volodymyr O; Vovk, Andriy I; Poda, Gennady

    2015-01-01

    Molecular docking of small molecules in the protein binding sites is the most widely used computational technique in modern structure-based drug discovery. Although accurate prediction of binding modes of small molecules can be achieved in most cases, estimation of their binding affinities remains mediocre at best. As an attempt to improve the correlation between the inhibitory constants, pKi, and scoring, we created a new, hybrid scoring function. The new function is a linear combination of the terms of the scoring functions of AutoDock and AutoDock Vina. It was trained on 2,412 protein-ligand complexes from the PDBbind database (www.pdbbind.org.cn, version 2012) and validated on a set of 313 complexes released in the 2013 version as a test set. The new function was included in a modified version of AutoDock. The hybrid scoring function showed a statistically significant improvement in both training and test sets in terms of correlation with and root mean square and mean absolute errors in prediction of pKi values. It was also tested on the CSAR 2014 Benchmark Exercise dataset (team T) and produced reasonably good results.

  9. A Successful Seminar on China Auto industry and International Market

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    Since January 2004, the sales of autos are slowing down. it is mature for the fast developing Chinese auto industry to go out to the international market. Meanwhile, the "early harvest" scheme is implemented in China and ASEAN Free Trade Area and the exchange visits of high-ranking officials are more frequently. After the ASEAN Business Meeting held in Malaysia this April, China-ASEAN Summit on Investment and Trade is to be held in Laos in November.In order to promote Chinese autos to go out cooperating...

  10. AutoCAD教学方法研究%Research on Teaching Method of AutoCAD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈斌

    2013-01-01

    According to some problems in teaching AutoCAD, a teaching method which can arouse the enthusiasm of students is proposed. The students are encourageed to do some learnings in real-life applications in this paper. The proposed method is proved to bring about a striking effect on teaching.%  本文针对AutoCAD教学中存在的一些问题,提出了能够调动学生积极性的教学方法。鼓励学生在实际应用中学习。实践证明,新的教学方法能够提供教学效果。

  11. A New, Improved Hybrid Scoring Function for Molecular Docking and Scoring Based on AutoDock and AutoDock Vina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanchuk, Vsevolod Yu; Tanin, Volodymyr O; Vovk, Andriy I; Poda, Gennady

    2016-04-01

    Automated docking is one of the most important tools for structure-based drug design that allows prediction of ligand binding poses and also provides an estimate of how well small molecules fit in the binding site of a protein. A new scoring function based on AutoDock and AutoDock Vina has been introduced. The new hybrid scoring function is a linear combination of the two scoring function components derived from a multiple linear regression fitting procedure. The scoring function was built on a training set of 2412 protein-ligand complexes from pdbbind database (www.pdbbind.org.cn, version 2012). A test set of 313 complexes that appeared in the 2013 version was used for validation purposes. The new hybrid scoring function performed better than the original functions, both on training and test sets of protein-ligand complexes, as measured by the non-parametric Pearson correlation coefficient, R, mean absolute error (MAE), and root-mean-square error (RMSE) between the experimental binding affinities and the docking scores. The function also gave one of the best results among more than 20 scoring functions tested on the core set of the pdbbind database. The new AutoDock hybrid scoring function will be implemented in modified version of AutoDock.

  12. All the new Styles Showing on Auto China 2006

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gao; Canhua; Ren; Lin

    2006-01-01

      On the occasion of Auto China 2006 from November 18 to 27, 2006, as the representative of China independent brands, Land Wind will take the theme of "Roads in the World, I Drive Anywhere I Like",leads all the new styles of automobiles to show on Auto China 2006, including X6, X9, Land Wind Fashion, and the economical coupe Land Wind CV7,which will be put into market next year..……

  13. All the new Styles Showing on Auto China 2006

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gao Canhua; Ren Lin

    2006-01-01

    @@ On the occasion of Auto China 2006 from November 18 to 27, 2006, as the representative of China independent brands, Land Wind will take the theme of "Roads in the World, I Drive Anywhere I Like",leads all the new styles of automobiles to show on Auto China 2006, including X6, X9, Land Wind Fashion, and the economical coupe Land Wind CV7,which will be put into market next year..

  14. Research on the Teaching Method of AutoCAD%AutoCAD教学方法研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王梅

    2012-01-01

    培养学生熟练地使用AutoCAD软件是一项重要的教学内容.结合在AutoCAD课程的教学实践,运用多种教学手段,创设合适的教学环境,激发学生对AutoCAD图形设计的兴趣,多方面结合进行AutoCAD教学.

  15. Automated distortion-invariant filter synthesis and training set selection (auto-Minace)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patnaik, Rohit; Casasent, David

    2006-04-01

    The minimum noise and correlation energy (MINACE) distortion-invariant filter (DIF) finds use in several applications such as face recognition, automatic target recognition (ATR), etc., in which one considers both true-class object classification and rejection of non-database objects (that are labeled as impostors in face recognition, and confusers in ATR). To solve the classification/rejection problem, we use at least one Minace filter per object class to be recognized. A separate Minace filter or a set of Minace filters is synthesized for each object class. The Minace parameter c trades-off distortion-tolerance (recognition) versus discrimination (impostor/confuser rejection) performance. We present our automated Minace filter-synthesis algorithm (auto-Minace) that selects the training set images to be included in the filter and selects the filter parameter c, so that the filter can achieve both good recognition and impostor/confuser and clutter rejection performance; this is achieved using a training and validation set. No impostor/confuser, clutter or test set data is present in the training or validation sets. The peak-to-correlation energy (PCE) ratio is used as the correlation plane metric in both filter synthesis and in tests, since it gives better results than use of the correlation peak value. We also address the use of the Minace filters in detection applications where the filter template is much smaller than the target scene. The use of circular versus linear correlations are addressed, circular correlations require less storage and fewer online computations.

  16. Auto-focus technology and its application based on image processing

    OpenAIRE

    YANG Tao; Zuo, Yong; Chen, Xiaomei

    2009-01-01

    Auto-focusing technique is an important method to improve the precision,intelligentization,automatization for the indentation diameter measurement.The paper introduces an auto-focus method of indentation diameter measurement based on image processing.Hard core of the auto-focusing technique is the evaluation function's selection.Based on the auto-focusing algorithms investigation,image sharpness evaluation functions are built based on vector model and DCT.Using experiments,it is found that th...

  17. 基于SaaS模式的Web AutoCAD系统实现%Implementation of web AutoCAD system based on SaaS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石震; 翁楚良; 李明禄

    2011-01-01

    针对AutoCAD的使用特点和编程接口,将软件即服务的模式应用于传统的AutoCAD软件,构建了基于Web服技术基础的Web AutoCAD系统,并阐述了系统的架构及具体实现技术.该系统将AutoCAD的功能和编程接口封装抽象为Web服务,使远程用户不需要在本地安装AutoCAD软件,通过浏览器就可以使用AutoCAD软件.原型系统测试结果表明,该系统具有较好的操作响应时间和执行效率.%The concept of "software as a service" is applied to traditional AutoCAD software to build a web AutoCAD system, which is based on the web service technology. The system structure and implementation technique is also discussed. This system combines and transfers AutoCAD' s function and application interface into a form of web service, so as to the remote users could utilize the function of AutoCAD software without a AutoCAD on their local computer but only relying on an internet browser. Experiments show that the system has a short latency and high efficiency.

  18. 医学院校AutoCAD课程教学中应用型人才的培养%TRAINING OF APPLICATIVE TALENTS IN TEACHING OF AUTOCAD CURRICULUM IN MEDICAL SCHOOLS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李方娟; 包君

    2013-01-01

    通过对医学院校AutoCAD课程教学现状分析,结合医学类院校的专业特点,从应用型人才培养方面对AutoCAD课程的教学内容设置、实验课程设计及考试方法等进行了改革和实践.%Through an analysis of current situation and specialty character on AutoCAD curriculum teaching at medical schools, the set up of teaching component of AutoCAD, the experiment course exercise, and examination methods were reformed and practiced in terms of training applicative talents.

  19. AutoCAD 2008 and AutoCAD LT 2008 Bible

    CERN Document Server

    Finkelstein, Ellen

    2011-01-01

    "Whether you're new to AutoCAD or a veteran, you will undoubtedly find this book to be an excellent resource."-- Abhi Singh, AutoCAD Product Manager, Autodesk, Inc.Here's the book that makes AutoCAD approachableEven the people at Autodesk look to Ellen Finkelstein for AutoCAD training, so who better to teach you about AutoCAD 2008? This comprehensive guide brings veterans up to speed on AutoCAD updates and takes novices from the basics to programming in AutoLISP(r) and VBA. Every feature is covered in a logical order, and with the Quick Start chapter, you'll be creating drawings on your very f

  20. Auto Alternatives

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    China counts on developing new-energy vehicles to maintain its auto-market leadership While it remains to be seen what kind of progress will be made following the UN Climate Conference in Cancun, Mexico,

  1. 2007 IFCAID:Focus on China Autos

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang Wei

    2007-01-01

    @@ Environmental protection,energyefficiency and green manufacturing,those heated topics in automobile industry nowadays exactly coincide with the 2007 theme of the International Forum on Chinese Automotive Industry Development(IFCAID).

  2. Rational Thoughts on the Development of Chinese Auto Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shao Qihui

    2004-01-01

    @@ In order to keep the steady, fast and sustainable development of auto industry, we should have an overall knowledge of the history and current situation of the world auto industry, and have a correct strategic planning and scientific measures towards the Chinese auto industry.

  3. A general technique to train language models on language models

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nederhof, MJ

    2005-01-01

    We show that under certain conditions, a language model can be trained oil the basis of a second language model. The main instance of the technique trains a finite automaton on the basis of a probabilistic context-free grammar, such that the Kullback-Leibler distance between grammar and trained auto

  4. Incomplete and incorrect epinephrine auto-injector training to food-allergic patients by pharmacists in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Saleh-Langenberg, J; de Vries, S; Bak, E; Kollen, B J; Flokstra-de Blok, B M J; Dubois, A E J

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Successful treatment of anaphylaxis in the community relies on early and correct use of epinephrine auto-injectors (EAI). In the Netherlands pharmacists supply EAIs to patients and have a crucial role in instructing patients in how and when to use EAI. However, there are currently no dat

  5. Dissection on Text Functions of AutoCAD%AutoCAD文本的剖析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张小红

    2012-01-01

    The AutoCAD Software has powerful text functions.It can "write" texts as well as symbols.Furthermore,it can "write" graphics.Through setting the styles of text,it can create different texts simultaneously;through mapping the fonts,it can show a same font with different visual effects and resolve the problem of messy code;through shape files it can generate new fonts.%AutoCAD文本的功能强大,它既能"书写"文字,也能"书写"符号,更能"书写"图形。通过文本样式的设定,可以达到不同文本的同时书写目的;通过字体的映射,可以将相同的字体显示为不相同的效果,并解决乱码现象;通过形文件可以创建字体。

  6. 75 FR 24753 - The Walker Auto Group, Inc., Miamisburg, OH; Notice of Negative Determination Regarding...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-05

    ... Employment and Training Administration The Walker Auto Group, Inc., Miamisburg, OH; Notice of Negative... TAA petition filed on behalf of workers at The Walker Auto Group, Inc., Miamisburg, Ohio, was based on... Walker Auto Group, Inc., Miamisburg, Ohio, supplies a service (sales and service of Pontiac...

  7. 75 FR 65524 - United Auto Workers Local 1999, Oklahoma City, OK; Notice of Negative Determination Regarding...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-25

    ... Employment and Training Administration United Auto Workers Local 1999, Oklahoma City, OK; Notice of Negative... Trade Adjustment Assistance (TAA), applicable to workers and former workers of United Auto Workers Local... petition filed on behalf of workers at United Auto Workers Local 1999, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, was...

  8. Workshop on coatings needs in the auto industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Courtright, E.L.

    1993-05-01

    New lightweight materials continue to be of great interest to the automotive industry. Compared to 20 years ago, the average vehicle weight has been reduced by almost a fourth, and fuel economy has nearly doubled. While continued improvements are both desirable and possible, materials choices are narrowing and the manufacturing methods needed to produce advanced materials systems are much more costly. The incentives remain high, however; particularly in view of large payoffs associated with minimizing structural weight in electric and hybrid-type vehicles. One generic solution is to develop coatings that will enable the use of lower cost materials. A workshop on coatings needs in the auto industry was held in Detroit, Michigan on October 27 and 28, 1992 with the objective of identifying research needs where coatings could enhance the use of energy efficient lightweight materials for automotive applications. Four generic areas had previously been identified auto manufacturers and industry suppliers. These were: Wear Coatings, Hard Protective Coatings for Plastics, Solar Control Coatings, and Process Manufacturing Issues. The development of coatings and coating technologies for lightweight metals and metal matrix composites emerged as the number one research needs. This need underscores the interest in making better use of existing lightweight metals, e.g. magnesium, aluminum, and their alloys. Coatings to protect plastics and reinforced plastic composites were also identified as a major area of importance. Protection from automotive liquids and gases. Coatings that will improve mar resistance, resist UV degradation, or eliminate degradation due to moisture absorption are also needed. Accordingly, manufacturability issues associated with coating light metals, e.g. aluminum, magnesium, and metal matrix composites with wear and corrosion resistant materials, were identified as a high priority research need.

  9. Training and administration of epinephrine auto-injectors for anaphylaxis treatment in US schools: results from the EpiPen4Schools® pilot survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hogue SL

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Susan L Hogue,1 Diana Goss,1 Kelly Hollis,1 Suyapa Silvia,2 Martha V White3 1Health Solutions, RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC, 2Education and Workforce Development, RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC, 3Institute for Asthma and Allergy, Wheaton, MD, USA Background: Anaphylaxis is a serious, potentially life-threatening condition. Adequate preparation for anaphylaxis management is imperative for school personnel. This descriptive pilot study assessed preparedness of US schools to manage anaphylactic reactions. Methods: An exploratory, cross-sectional, web-based, pilot survey assessed the occurrence and characteristics of anaphylactic events, as well as training provided to school personnel for the recognition and treatment of anaphylaxis. Eligible US schools were participants in the EpiPen4Schools® program during the 2013–2014 school year. EpiPen4Schools provides EpiPen® (epinephrine injection Auto-Injectors and training materials to qualifying US schools. Survey data were parsed by US Census Bureau region and state and were evaluated using descriptive statistics. Results: Schools from all 50 states and the District of Columbia participated in the survey (N=6,019. Among schools that provided information on anaphylactic events, 11% (607/5,683 reported the occurrence of one or more events, with significant variability in incidence across census regions and among states. A total of 5,613 schools provided information regarding which staff members were trained to recognize the signs and symptoms of anaphylaxis. Thirty-six percent of schools (2,022/5,613 indicated that only the school nurse and select staff were trained in anaphylaxis recognition. The proportion of schools in which most or all school staff received such training differed by region/state (range, 13%–100%. A total of 5,578 schools provided information on which staff were permitted to administer epinephrine. The majority of schools (54%; 3

  10. Auto Industry Faces Change

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    A number of indicators show that China's auto industry is facing a new round of large-scale restructuring. When the global auto industry was undergoing reorganization 10 years ago, China's auto industry was in its early stages, acting in a relatively closed market, and thus it missed out on that important event. However, the situation is different today. In the past decade, China's auto industry has grown at a rapid pace. While the world's major transnational companies are

  11. Update on CLiMRI activities and Auto 21

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jackman, J. [Natural Resources Canada, Ottawa, ON (Canada). CANMET Energy Technology Centre

    2001-07-01

    The Canadian Lightweight Materials Research Initiative (CLiMRI) program and the Auto21 Network of Centres of Excellence were created to improve energy efficiency in vehicles, reduce emissions and provide economic benefits to Canada from next generation vehicles and systems. The objective is to increase energy efficiency of vehicles using lightweight materials and efficient design components. Activities include improved engine performance of materials, improved manufacturing technologies, and improved components and vehicle systems. The program involves a comprehensive database on the mechanical properties of magnesium alloys AE42 and AM60B. Data on thermophysical properties is also available for die-cast process modeling. Potential applications of alumina-based sol-gel coatings for aluminium heat exchanger panels have been identified. The yield strength of magnesium extrusion alloys has been increased by more than 15 per cent through grain refinement techniques. The project is also designed to work on improving the corrosion performance of magnesium-based alloys, with particular focus through USAMP project for the development of a magnesium engine cradle. Test work has been carried out on two alloys and 10 coating have been chosen for trial. tabs., figs.

  12. Model Development of Ionic Nitriding Furnace Based on AutoLISP%基于AutoLISP的离子氮化炉炉体组件模块开发

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡珺; 王洪九; 王汉林

    2015-01-01

    Studies the parametric drawing development of ionic nitriding furnace body under AutoCAD environment. Presents developing and designing scheme of the furnace body module based on AutoLISP , and gives out relative program taking water inlet as concrete object. The method has reference value for CAD system of other mechanical products.%研究了AutoCAD环境下实现离子氮化炉炉体设计的参数化绘图开发。提供了基于AutoLISP技术进行炉体组件模块的开发设计方案,并以炉体下进水管座为具体对象给出相关程序。该方法对开发其他定型机械产品CAD系统具有借鉴价值。

  13. Sepsis Patient Detection and Monitor Based on Auto-BN.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Yu; Sha, Lui; Rahmaniheris, Maryam; Wan, Binhua; Hosseini, Mohammad; Tan, Pengliu; Berlin, Richard B

    2016-04-01

    Sepsis is a life-threatening condition caused by an inappropriate immune response to infection, and is a leading cause of elderly death globally. Early recognition of patients and timely antibiotic therapy based on guidelines improve survival rate. Unfortunately, for those patients, it is often detected late because it is too expensive and impractical to perform frequent monitoring for all the elderly. In this paper, we present a risk driven sepsis screening and monitoring framework to shorten the time of onset detection without frequent monitoring of all the elderly. Within this framework, the sepsis ultimate risk of onset probability and mortality is calculated based on a novel temporal probabilistic model named Auto-BN, which consists of time dependent state, state dependent property, and state dependent inference structures. Then, different stages of a patient are encoded into different states, monitoring frequency is encoded into the state dependent property, and screening content is encoded into different state dependent inference structures. In this way, the screening and monitoring frequency and content can be automatically adjusted when encoding the sepsis ultimate risk into the guard of state transition. This allows for flexible manipulation of the tradeoff between screening accuracy and frequency. We evaluate its effectiveness through empirical study, and incorporate it into existing medical guidance system to improve medical healthcare.

  14. Design of Automatic Programming System of Numerical Control Based on AutoCAD%基于AutoCAD数控自动编程系统的设计*

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高杰; 袁吉; 邵振威

    2013-01-01

    AutoCAD作为目前主流的绘图软件广泛应用于很多领域,其强大的功能为数控自动编程提供了基础。该系统的建立主要基于VBA与AutoCAD系统中ActiveX自动化对象模型两者之间的结合,从而对AutoCAD进行内部二次开发,即以ActiveX自动化对象模型为基础建立了前置处理模块;利用Access建立加工参数数据库系统和数据库检索系统,并建立了数控自动编程系统,使AutoCAD具备一定的CAM功能,达到改善现有数控车床自动编程环境的目的。%AutoCAD, as current mainstream graphics software, is widely used in many fields. Its powerful features provide basis for automatic programming of numerical control. The establishment of this system is mainly based on integration of be-tween ActiveX automation object model and VBA which belong to AutoCAD system. AutoCAD is made internal secondary development: establishing pre-processing module based on ActiveX automation object model; building processing parameter database systems and database retrieval system by using Access, and establishing NC automatic programming system, which make AutoCAD have some CAM functions and achieve objects of improving automatic programming environment of existing numerically controlled lathe.

  15. Preliminary Exploration on the Curriculum Integration of Mechanical Drawing and AutoCAD%机械制图与AutoCAD课程整合初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈霞

    2012-01-01

    Mechanical drawing with AutoCAD has a close relationship of these two subjects, mechanical drawing is the bas- is ofAutoCAD, AutoCAD Mechanical drawing based raise. This paper focuses on the integration of course content settings, improved teaching methods, assessment and evaluation methods of reform and curriculum integration of hardware ready four aspects how to integrate courses more practical results.%机械制图与AutoCAD这两门课有着密不可分的关系,机械制图是AutoCAD的基础,AutoCAD是机械制图基础的提高。本文围绕课程内容的整合设置、教学方法的改进、评价考核方式的改革以及课程整合的硬件准备四个方面阐述了如何才能让这两门课程整合更具实效。

  16. Analysis on Features and Future of Chinese Auto Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Shijin

    2004-01-01

    @@ Since large-scale production, technology and advanced management help to reduce the cost, the reduction rate of the production cost is not totally equal to the reduction rate of profits,however it is certain that the average profits of the auto industry is in a decreasing tendency.

  17. Study on optimized dispensing of F-18 FDG auto dispenser

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ji, Bong Geun; Lee, Sang Hun; Kim, Jong Eon; Kim, Won Tae; Kim, Tae Jeong [Dept. of Radiological Science, Kaya University, Kimhae (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-09-15

    This is a study on the optimized dispensing of the auto dispenser used for the purpose of reducing the exposure dose and accurate radiation dose of radioisotope with regard to the PET/CT practitioners. The research method was to find the optimized dispensing method through evaluating the results according to the syringe type, dispensing rate, and vial pressure and through the application of corrected values. As a result of this study, 9.38 mCi has been dispensed on average in the case of 5 ml syringe, and the reproducibility close to 10 mCi was shown at the dispense of 9.55 mCi in the case of 3 ml syringe. In the evaluation according to the dispensing rate, the quantity of radioisotope close to 10 mCi was dispensed at the rate of 5 mm/min when the measurement was carried out by increasing the rate by 5 mm/min units in the order of 5, 10, 15 and 20 mm/min . In the evaluation result according to the vial pressure before/after the use of Needle filter, it was measured to be 9.53 mCi before use and 9.84 mCi after use confirming that the dispensing after using Needle filter showed the optimal value. In addition, in the evaluation of radioactivity before/after the application of corrected values according to the increase in dispense frequency, it was measured 9.53 mCi before correction and 10.07 mCi after correction confirming that the value with correction applied was closer to the quantitative value. Thus, a good optimized method was confirmed to use a 3 ml syringe with dispensing rate of 5 mm/min, to use a Needle filter at dispensing, and to set the corrected value of [y = 0.097 × χ] according to the dispensing frequency of equipment.

  18. Design and Application on Auto-vending Machine for Cupped Beverage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaowei Jiang

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to design an auto-vending machine for cupped beverage, specifically studying its shape design and color design. The article elaborates that the shape design of this auto-vending machine for cupped beverage should follow the art rule of variation and unity and meanwhile the whole shape still should be simple and direct; the color design of the auto-vending machine for cupped beverage not only should satisfy the request of man-machine coordination and environment and function, but also should value the choice of tone, match the new age request of appreciation beauty and notice novelty. And then the working principle and working process of the auto-vending machine for cupped beverage is introduced, based on which the conclusion has been reached.

  19. Auto Mechanics: Auto Mechanic Service Specialist (Lubrication).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoover, Virgil

    The unit of individualized learning activities is designed to provide training in the job skill, lubrication, for the prospective auto mechanic service specialist. The materials in the unit are divided into two sections. The developmental, or preliminary phase, for use by the instructor, includes brief descriptions of the job and of the student…

  20. Training and administration of epinephrine auto-injectors for anaphylaxis treatment in US schools: results from the EpiPen4Schools® pilot survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hogue, Susan L; Goss, Diana; Hollis, Kelly; Silvia, Suyapa; White, Martha V

    2016-01-01

    Background Anaphylaxis is a serious, potentially life-threatening condition. Adequate preparation for anaphylaxis management is imperative for school personnel. This descriptive pilot study assessed preparedness of US schools to manage anaphylactic reactions. Methods An exploratory, cross-sectional, web-based, pilot survey assessed the occurrence and characteristics of anaphylactic events, as well as training provided to school personnel for the recognition and treatment of anaphylaxis. Eligible US schools were participants in the EpiPen4Schools® program during the 2013–2014 school year. EpiPen4Schools provides EpiPen® (epinephrine injection) Auto-Injectors and training materials to qualifying US schools. Survey data were parsed by US Census Bureau region and state and were evaluated using descriptive statistics. Results Schools from all 50 states and the District of Columbia participated in the survey (N=6,019). Among schools that provided information on anaphylactic events, 11% (607/5,683) reported the occurrence of one or more events, with significant variability in incidence across census regions and among states. A total of 5,613 schools provided information regarding which staff members were trained to recognize the signs and symptoms of anaphylaxis. Thirty-six percent of schools (2,022/5,613) indicated that only the school nurse and select staff were trained in anaphylaxis recognition. The proportion of schools in which most or all school staff received such training differed by region/state (range, 13%–100%). A total of 5,578 schools provided information on which staff were permitted to administer epinephrine. The majority of schools (54%; 3,024/5,578) permitted only the school nurse and select staff to administer epinephrine, although percentages varied by region/state (range, 4%–100%). Conclusion Schools differed substantially in their preparedness to manage anaphylaxis, with significant disparities in staff training and permission to treat. Given

  1. Study on the control course of ANFIS based aircraft auto-landing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    The control model in the course of an aircraft auto-landing is first proposed. Then, the common basic hypotheses in the design of a fuzzy logic controller are described. The fuzzy inference system of an aircraft auto-landing fuzzy controller in the course of automatic control on landing is investigated. The auto-landing model for controlling, membership functions of state variables, inference rules in the system, algorithms for fuzzy inference and defuzzification, etc, are analyzed and devised in detail with the emphasis on optimal analysis and design of Takagi-Sugeno ALFC based on adaptive neural fuzzy inference systems. Finally, the simulation for verification and analysis of the designed schemes is made by utilizing Simulink and fuzzy logic toolbox with MATLAB. The simulated results show that the ANFIS based T-S type ALFC scheme has excellent behavior in performance.

  2. THE EFFECTS OF TRAFFIC NOISE POLLUTION ON AUTO-DRIVER’S HEALTH IN SELECTED AUTO-ROUTES: THE CASE OF KOLKATA MUNICIPAL CORPORATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anwesha Chakraborty,

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The growing menace of noise pollution is one of the crucial environmental issues in modern era across the world. This is a silent killer of the physical as well as psychological health of human being. The existing findings in Indian context show that Kolkata is amongst the polluted city primarily because of high population base and growing surface transportation system. In the light of this, the present study addresses the main source of noise pollution viz. traffic noise pollution and its likely impact upon the occupationally exposed public auto drivers who spends more than eight hours on few selected busy traffic sites of the city. The study uses the primary data for the period 2011 to 2013 which includes busiest road intersection as well as auto depots from different parts of the city. The finding reveals that the year 2013 is the noisiest year and this also reported the highest numbers of auditory disorders on auto-drivers heath. Apart from this, during this year highest numbers of irritation and low tolerance level cases have also been registered on auto-drivers heath. Amongst all the survey sites, Ultadanga site from northern parts, Howrah Bridge Approach site from Central parts and Behala 14 no. bus stand site from southern parts have been considered as highest noisy sites in the city where highest numbers of health disordered have also been registered throughout the entire study period.

  3. Study on Dimension Chain Generation for Auto-body Tolerance Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    For auto-body product, assembly dimensional quality evaluation using tolerance analysis method is a challenging task because there are plenty of elements impacting on the variation stack-up and propagation during assembly process. Traditional method of dimension chain generation based on tolerance charting technique can not suit the case of auto-body assembly. This paper proposed a method to generate dimension chain based on developing a jot chain model of assembly, which can be integrated with important information needed for variation analysis, such as joints types and assembly sequences. The implementation of such a procedure will contribute to rapid evaluation of body dimensional quality in the design stage.

  4. Update on the usage and safety of epinephrine auto-injectors, 2017

    Science.gov (United States)

    Posner, Larry S; Camargo, Carlos A

    2017-01-01

    Anaphylaxis is a serious, potentially fatal allergic reaction. Guidelines recommend prompt intramuscular injections of epinephrine as the first-line therapy for anaphylaxis. Delayed epinephrine treatment may cause undesirable clinical outcomes, including death. In the community, epinephrine auto-injectors (EAIs) are commonly used to treat anaphylaxis. This literature review examines several recent concerns regarding the safety of EAIs that may prevent the timely administration of epinephrine. Reports of cardiovascular complications are linked with epinephrine administration, although recent studies suggest that these events are much more commonly associated with intravenous epinephrine rather than with EAIs. Recent studies have also highlighted accidental injections of EAIs in patients’ or caregivers’ fingers and lacerations associated with the use of EAI in children. However, the data suggest that both accidental injections and lacerations are rare and require limited medical intervention. In addition, patients may receive conflicting information on the safety and efficacy of using expired EAIs. Overall, it is believed that the benefits of using EAIs far outweigh the potential risks of not administering an EAI. Although legitimate safety concerns are associated with EAIs, adverse events are rare. Continued training of medical providers, caregivers, and patients may be beneficial to address these concerns and reduce EAI-associated injuries while ensuring that patients receive necessary medical care. PMID:28356773

  5. Update on the usage and safety of epinephrine auto-injectors, 2017

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Posner LS

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Larry S Posner,1 Carlos A Camargo Jr2 1North Bay Allergy and Asthma Associates, Inc., Napa, CA, 2Department of Emergency Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA Abstract: Anaphylaxis is a serious, potentially fatal allergic reaction. Guidelines recommend prompt intramuscular injections of epinephrine as the first-line therapy for anaphylaxis. Delayed epinephrine treatment may cause undesirable clinical outcomes, including death. In the community, epinephrine auto-injectors (EAIs are commonly used to treat anaphylaxis. This literature review examines several recent concerns regarding the safety of EAIs that may prevent the timely administration of epinephrine. Reports of cardiovascular complications are linked with epinephrine administration, although recent studies suggest that these events are much more commonly associated with intravenous epinephrine rather than with EAIs. Recent studies have also highlighted accidental injections of EAIs in patients’ or caregivers’ fingers and lacerations associated with the use of EAI in children. However, the data suggest that both accidental injections and lacerations are rare and require limited medical intervention. In addition, patients may receive conflicting information on the safety and efficacy of using expired EAIs. Overall, it is believed that the benefits of using EAIs far outweigh the potential risks of not administering an EAI. Although legitimate safety concerns are associated with EAIs, adverse events are rare. Continued training of medical providers, caregivers, and patients may be beneficial to address these concerns and reduce EAI-associated injuries while ensuring that patients receive necessary medical care. Keywords: allergy, anaphylaxis, asthma, pediatrics

  6. AutoCAD / AutoCAD LT 2014 fundamentals metric

    CERN Document Server

    ASCENT center for technical knowledge

    2014-01-01

    The objective of AutoCAD/AutoCAD LT 2014 Fundamentals is to enable students to create a basic 2D drawing in the AutoCAD software. Even at this fundamental level, the AutoCAD software is one of the most sophisticated computer applications that you are likely to encounter. Therefore learning to use it can be challenging. To make the process easier and provide flexibility for instructors and students, the training guide is divided into two parts that can be taken independently.

  7. The Next Auto Kingdom?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    China’s voracious desire for four wheels may well be the saving grace of beleaguered U.S. automakers, which are shutting down facto- ries in a hurry at home. That’s because China has emerged as the only major auto market still seeing growth amid the worldwide downturn. China’s auto sales have outstripped the United States and held on

  8. The Progressing Auto Parts Sector in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ The auto parts sector was not only the basis for the entire auto industry in China, but continues to be an important part of industry development. China's auto parts sector had lagged behind the world's auto industry for a long time; however, since the start of the new century, the country's auto parts sector has been put on a fast track to meet the rapid growth in the auto industry.

  9. Technology obtainment and adopting results, an empirical study based on China’s auto industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>The article focuses on a development history of China’s auto industry over the past 30 years in learning from the foreign companies and obtaining their technologies, and the relationship between the obtaining methods and the results. Riding on the

  10. Generation of chaotic oscillations in auto-oscillator based on avalanche transit-time diode

    Science.gov (United States)

    Myasin, E. A.

    2012-01-01

    Time series of chaotic oscillations have been observed for the first time in an auto-oscillator for the 8-mm wavelength range based on an avalanche transit-time diode. The noise generator based on this diode has been used as a signal source for a noise radar prototype.

  11. Discussion on the application of AutoCAD in irrigation project drawing%浅谈AutoCAD在水利工程制图中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    葛玉芹; 方诗圣

    2008-01-01

    结合AutoCAD技术的广泛应用,总结了AutoCAD在水利工程制图中的应用,包括巧借Excel在AutoCAD中绘曲线、用AutoCAD制作表格、Wrod文档中插入AutoCAD图形等,重点介绍了AutoCAD中修剪、延伸及镜像命令的巧用,同时对BAK及PURGE的应用也进行了说明,以推广AutoCAD软件的应用.

  12. Auto e hetero-avaliação no diagnóstico de necessidades de treinamento Self and hetero assessment in training needs diagnostic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mônica Lemes Magalhães

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo teve como objetivos: desenvolver uma metodologia de avaliação de necessidades de treinamento que incluísse atitudes; estudar a relação entre auto e hetero-avaliação, buscando avaliar conhecimentos, habilidades e atitudes; e avaliar a relação entre a auto-avaliação e algumas variáveis preditoras (tempo de trabalho na organização e na função, emprego anterior, gênero, estado civil, escolaridade e idade. Foram desenvolvidos questionários, de acordo com o método de análise de papel ocupacional. Esses questionários foram aplicados em 898 bancários e seus supervisores imediatos. Os resultados sugeriram que a metodologia parece ser adequada para analisar necessidades de treinamento. Mostraram também que existe relação significativa entre auto e hetero-avaliação de necessidades de treinamento, embora supervisores tendam a apontar maiores necessidades de treinamento, em seus subordinados, do que as auto-avaliações destes mesmos.The objectives of the present study were: to develop a training needs assessment methodology that included attitudes; to study the relationship between self and hetero assessment, by assessing knowledge, skills and attitudes; and to evaluate the relationship between self-assessment and some predicting variables (work experience at the organizational and occupational levels, prior job experience, gender, marital status, schooling and age. Questionnaires were developed, following the method of occupational role analysis. These questionnaires were applied in 898 bank employees and their immediate supervisors. Results have suggested that the methodology seems to be appropriate for analyzing training needs. They have also shown that there is a significant relationship between self and hetero assessments of training needs. However, supervisors tend to point higher training needs, in their subordinates, than the self-assessments made by the latter.

  13. Research on auto-centering device in surface defects evaluation system of large spherical optics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Yihui; Yang, Yongying; Wu, Fan; Chai, Huiting; Yan, Kai; Zhou, Lin; Li, Yang; Liu, Dong; Bai, Jian; Shen, Yibing; Cao, Pin

    2016-09-01

    For the Spherical Surface Defects Evaluation System (SSDES), lens centering is essential to obtain the precise scanning trace and defect features without mismatch. Based on a combination of auto-collimating microscopy and Computer-Aided Alignment (CAA), an auto-centering system that can measure the deviation of large spherical center with respect to a reference rotation axis rapidly and accurately is established in this paper. The auto-centering system allows the closedloop feedback control of spherical center according to the different images of the crosshair reticle on CCD. Image entropy algorithm is employed to evaluate image clarity determined by the auto-focus experiment of 50μm step-length. Subsequently, an improved algorithm that can search the crosshair center automatically is proposed to make the trajectory of crosshair images and the position of rotation axis more reliable based on original circle fitting algorithm by the least square method (LSM). The comparison results indicates to show the high accuracy and efficiency of the proposed fitting method with LSM.

  14. Clinical utility of anti-p53 auto-antibody: systematic review and focus on colorectal cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suppiah, Aravind; Greenman, John

    2013-08-07

    Mutation of the p53 gene is a key event in the carcinogenesis of many different types of tumours. These can occur throughout the length of the p53 gene. Anti-p53 auto-antibodies are commonly produced in response to these p53 mutations. This review firstly describes the various mechanisms of p53 dysfunction and their association with subsequent carcinogenesis. Following this, the mechanisms of induction of anti-p53 auto-antibody production are shown, with various hypotheses for the discrepancies between the presence of p53 mutation and the presence/absence of anti-p53 auto-antibodies. A systematic review was performed with a descriptive summary of key findings of each anti-p53 auto-antibody study in all cancers published in the last 30 years. Using this, the cumulative frequency of anti-p53 auto-antibody in each cancer type is calculated and then compared with the incidence of p53 mutation in each cancer to provide the largest sample calculation and correlation between mutation and anti-p53 auto-antibody published to date. Finally, the review focuses on the data of anti-p53 auto-antibody in colorectal cancer studies, and discusses future strategies including the potentially promising role using anti-p53 auto-antibody presence in screening and surveillance.

  15. AutoCAD 2014 and AutoCAD LT 2014

    CERN Document Server

    Gladfelter, Donnie

    2013-01-01

    A step-by-step tutorial introduction to AutoCAD As the only book to teach AutoCAD using a continuous tutorial which allows you to follow along sequentially or jump in at any exercise by downloading the drawing files, this Autodesk Official Press book is ideal for the AutoCAD novice. Industry expert and AutoCAD guru Donnie Gladfelter walks you through the powerful features of AutoCAD, provides you with a solid foundation of the basics, and shares the latest industry standards and techniques. The hands-on tutorial project inspired by real-world workflows that runs throughout the book

  16. Analysis of Construction Drawing Based on AutoCAD%基于AutoCAD的建筑制图应用分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    游普元

    2011-01-01

    随着科技的飞速发展,AutoCAD的建筑制图在建筑领域得到了广泛的应用,并且受到了更多的关注.文章从建筑制图中AutoCAD的教学应用;AutoCAD的初始设置应用与AutoCAD制图设置应用以及AutoCAD在建筑制图中的技巧应用方面对AutoCAD的建筑制图应用进行了分析.

  17. AutoCAD workbook

    CERN Document Server

    Metherell, Phil

    1989-01-01

    AutoCAD Workbook helps new users learn the basics of AutoCad, providing guidance on most of the commonly used functions in which the program operates.This book discusses loading AutoCad and starting a drawing; drawing and erasing lines, circles, and arcs; and setting up the drawing environment. The topics on drawing and editing polylines; entering text and text styles; and layers, linetype, and color are also considered. This publication likewise covers creating and using blocks, hatching and extracting information, dimensioning drawings, 3D visualization, and plotting a drawing. Other

  18. Up and Running with AutoCAD 2012 2D version

    CERN Document Server

    Gindis, Elliot

    2011-01-01

    Get "Up and Running" with AutoCAD using Gindis' combination of step-by-step instruction, examples, and insightful explanations. The emphasis from the beginning is on core concepts and practical application of AutoCAD in architecture, engineering and design. Equally useful in instructor-led classroom training or self-study, the book is written with the student in mind by a long-time AutoCAD user and instructor based on what works in the industry and the classroomStrips away complexities and reduces AutoCAD to easy-to-understand basic conceptsExplains "why" something is done, not just "how": the

  19. Up and running with AutoCAD 2014 2D and 3D drawing and modeling

    CERN Document Server

    Gindis, Elliot

    2013-01-01

    Get ""Up and Running"" with AutoCAD using Gindis's combination of step-by-step instruction, examples, and insightful explanations. The emphasis from the beginning is on core concepts and practical application of AutoCAD in architecture, engineering and design. Equally useful in instructor-led classroom training, self-study, or as a professional reference, the book is written with the user in mind by a long-time AutoCAD professional and instructor based on what works in the industry and the classroom. Strips away complexities, both real and perceived, and reduces AutoCAD t

  20. AutoCAD 2014 review for certification official certification preparation

    CERN Document Server

    ASCENT center for technical knowledge

    2014-01-01

    The AutoCAD® 2014 Review for Certification book is intended for users of AutoCAD® preparing to complete the AutoCAD 2014 Certified Professional exam. This book contains a collection of relevant instructional topics, practice exercises, and review questions from the Autodesk Official Training Guides (AOTG) from ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge pertaining specifically to the Certified Professional exam topics and objectives. This book is intended for experienced users of AutoCAD in preparation for certification. New users of AutoCAD should refer to the AOTG training guides from ASCENT, such as AutoCAD/AutoCAD LT 2014 Fundamentals, for more comprehensive instruction.

  1. Impact of numerical method on auto-ignition in a temporally evolving mixing layer at various initial conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosiak, A.; Tyliszczak, A.

    2016-10-01

    Numerical analysis of the auto-ignition of turbulent mixing layer between the cold fuel (hydrogen) and hot oxidizer (air) is presented. The research were performed using an Implicit-Large Eddy Simulation (ILES) method with attention on auto-ignition time, flame kernel localisation and propagation. We focused on an impact of discretization method on auto-ignition scenario and flame development. The results obtained showed that numerical approach plays an important role and to some extent may falsify the results, especially for low oxidiser temperatures.

  2. Crashworthiness simulation and improvement design of auto-body based on finite element mehtod

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓云; 金先龙; 丌文果; 孙奕; 周长英; 王仕达

    2004-01-01

    One developing commercial vehicle was simulated on crashworthiness using the nonlinear finite element method. The deformation of the auto-body, the movement of the steering wheel and the dynamic responses of the occupant at the initial velocity of 50 km/h were studied. The results show that the design of the vehicle could be improved on structure and material. The frontal longitudinal beam, the main energy-absorbing part of the auto-body, was optimized on structure. The data of the simulation predict that the hinge of the engine hood would fracture during the crash. The failure of the engine hood hinge would be a danger to both the driver and passengers. Then the problem was solved by changing the engine hood and hinge on structure and material. Simulation results also show that applying new material and new manufacture techniques could improve the crashworthiness of the vehicle greatly. These improvement methods are valuable to the virtual design of vehicles.

  3. [Nosology of inflammatory diseases: lessons learned from the auto-inflammatory syndromes--a focus on skin manifestations].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lipsker, Dan; Ramot, Yuval; Ingber, Arieh

    2012-10-01

    Auto-inflammatory diseases were first described more than 10 years ago as inherited disorders, characterized by recurrent flares of inflammation due to an abnormality in the innate immune system. The understanding of the underlying pathogenic mechanisms of these disorders, and especially the fact that they are mediated by IL-1 secretion by stimulated monocytes/macrophages, facilitated significant progress in patient management. IL-1 inhibitors are especially effective, and indeed, a brief and complete response to IL-1 inhibition is probably one of the best signs of auto-inflammation. Cutaneous manifestations are frequent in the monogenic auto-inflammatory syndromes, and a careful analysis of those findings reveals that they are almost always the consequence of neutrophilic skin infiltration. The neutrophilic dermatoses are, therefore, the cutaneous manifestations of those disorders. Even when the neutrophilic dermatoses occur outside the setting of genetically determined auto-inflammatory disorders, they probably also result from auto-inflammatory mechanisms. The distinction between auto-inflammation and autoimmunity is essential for the proper treatment of the patients. Auto-inflammation will almost always respond to IL-1 inhibition, while immunospressors will not be beneficial. The aim of the current paper is to review these two sub-groups of inflammatory diseases, focusing on their cutaneous manifestations, and highlighting the connection between these syndromes and inflammation in general.

  4. PID controller auto-tuning based on process step response and damping optimum criterion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pavković, Danijel; Polak, Siniša; Zorc, Davor

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents a novel method of PID controller tuning suitable for higher-order aperiodic processes and aimed at step response-based auto-tuning applications. The PID controller tuning is based on the identification of so-called n-th order lag (PTn) process model and application of damping optimum criterion, thus facilitating straightforward algebraic rules for the adjustment of both the closed-loop response speed and damping. The PTn model identification is based on the process step response, wherein the PTn model parameters are evaluated in a novel manner from the process step response equivalent dead-time and lag time constant. The effectiveness of the proposed PTn model parameter estimation procedure and the related damping optimum-based PID controller auto-tuning have been verified by means of extensive computer simulations.

  5. Design and Research on Auto-vending Machine for Cupped Beverage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaowei Jiang

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research is to design an auto-vending machine for cupped beverage, specifically researching its working principle, the design of beverage powder transporting mechanism, paper cups detaching mechanism and paper cups slide mechanism. The article elaborates that the design of beverage powder transporting mechanism is mainly the selection of electromagnet and the determination of electromagnet stroke, requiring that the electromagnet stroke and the maximum weight that the electromagnet could bear should have rationality, to ensure its safe operation; the design of paper cups detaching mechanism mainly includes selecting electric motor and V belt; the design of paper cups slide mechanism includes the design of slide structure and the force analysis when the paper cup slides on the slide. And then the working principle and working process of the auto-vending machine for cupped beverage is introduced, based on which the conclusion has been reached.

  6. [XPS characterization of auto-reconditioning layer on worn metal surfaces].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, He; Zhang, Zheng-ye; Li, Sheng-hua; Jin, Yuan-sheng

    2005-06-01

    An auto-reconditioner package for in situ reconditioning of worn surfaces of machinery parts under normal running was applied to diesel engines of DF locomotives. A reconditioning layer was generated on the cylinder bore after running a mileage of 300,000 km, and no wear was measured for the piston rings and cylinder bores. Evaluations with SEM, nanohardness tester and XPS indicated that the protective layer assumed a thickness of 8-10 microm, a nano-hardness twice as high as that of the cast iron substrate, and a main elemental composition of Fe, O and C corresponding to the existence of Fe3O4 and Fe3C. A possible formation mechanism of the protective layer was suggested based on the mechanochemical activation of metal surfaces and the catalytic activation of the auto-reconditioner molecules.

  7. Time Use on Trains

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjørner, Thomas

    2016-01-01

    This study explores how travel time is used and how passengers conceptualise travel time in Danish intercity trains and intercity fast trains. The new contribution to the literature this study can offer is in the inclusion of all kinds of passengers in the different compartments to understand train...... travel as a dynamic act of moving with shifts in activities. A mixed-method approach is used with self-completed questionnaires, frequency observations, shadowing observations and interviews. The findings reveal that the train passengers’ acts on the move are framed by both macro- and microstructures....... The passengers create a travel space in which they make dynamic shifts in different kinds of activities: media use, media non-use, social interactions and non-social interactions. Passengers expect the train operator to provide the travel space for different activities (including the possibility of mobile...

  8. State of the art on hydrogen passive auto-catalytic recombiner (european union Parsoar project)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arnould, F.; Bachellerie, E. [Technicatome, 13 - Aix en Provence (France); Auglaire, M. [Tractebel Energy Engineering, Brussels (Belgium); Boeck, B. de [Association Vincotte Nuclear, Brussels (Belgium); Braillard, O. [CEA Cadarache, 13 - Saint Paul lez Durance (France); Eckardt, B. [Siemens AG, Offenbach am Main (Germany); Ferroni, F. [Electrowatt Engineering Limited, Zurich (Switzerland); Moffett, R. [Atomic Energy Canada Limited, Pinawa (Canada); Van Goethem, G. [European Commission, Brussels (Belgium)

    2001-07-01

    This paper presents an overview of the European Union PARSOAR project, which consists in carrying out a state of the art on hydrogen passive auto-catalytic recombiner (PAR) and a handbook guide for implementing these devices in nuclear power plants. This work is performed in the area ''Operational Safety of Existing Installations'' of the key action ''Nuclear Fission'' of the fifth Euratom Framework Programme (1998-2002). (author)

  9. AutoSynch: An Automatic-Signal Monitor Based on Predicate Tagging

    OpenAIRE

    Hung, Wei-Lun; Vijay K Garg

    2013-01-01

    Most programming languages use monitors with explicit signals for synchronization in shared-memory programs. Requiring program- mers to signal threads explicitly results in many concurrency bugs due to missed notifications, or notifications on wrong condition variables. In this paper, we describe an implementation of an au- tomatic signaling monitor in Java called AutoSynch that eliminates such concurrency bugs by removing the burden of signaling from the programmer. We show that the belief t...

  10. New all-optical wavelength auto-router based on spatial solitons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Yaw-Dong

    2004-09-06

    We propose a novel all-optical wavelength auto-router based on spatial solitons. By using the swing effect of spatial solitons in a Kerr-type nonlinear medium, the proposed nonlinear waveguide structure could function as a self-routing wavelength division multiplexer (WDM). It could be a potential key component in the applications of ultra-high-speed and ultra-high-capacity optical communications and optical data processing systems.

  11. The influence of platinum washing-out time on its recovery from used auto catalytic converters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Fornalczyk

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The used catalytic converters contain small amounts of precious metals. Recovery of these metals is essential for environmental and economic reasons. This work presents a method of Platinum Group Metals (PGM recovery from auto catalytic converters in which they are washed out by a liquid metal. The magneto-hydro-dynamic pump was used to force circulation of liquid metal under the influence of electromagnetic fields The influence of process time on platinum recovery was also carried out.

  12. Theoretical Study on Auto-Oscillating Combustion in Self-propagating High Temperature Synthesis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Jin-yong; FU Zheng-yi; WANG Wei-min; ZHANG Qing-jie

    2003-01-01

    Oscillating combustion is one of classic phenomenon in SHS. But the cause of its formation in a set of complex processes is unclear yet. With a two-step chemical reaction assumption and effects of other thermal dynamic factors, an auto- oscillating combustion hes been gained in a solid SHS process on the macro- humogenous and micro- heterogonous model. Numerical solution shows that the change of chemical reaction is the main cause of the oscillating combustion.

  13. Stencil Computation Optimization and Auto-tuning on State-of-the-Art Multicore Architectures

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Datta, Kaushik; Murphy, Mark; Volkov, Vasily; Williams, Samuel; Carter, Jonathan; Oliker, Leonid; Patterson, David; Shalf, John; Yelick, Katherine

    2008-08-22

    Understanding the most efficient design and utilization of emerging multicore systems is one of the most challenging questions faced by the mainstream and scientific computing industries in several decades. Our work explores multicore stencil (nearest-neighbor) computations -- a class of algorithms at the heart of many structured grid codes, including PDE solvers. We develop a number of effective optimization strategies, and build an auto-tuning environment that searches over our optimizations and their parameters to minimize runtime, while maximizing performance portability. To evaluate the effectiveness of these strategies we explore the broadest set of multicore architectures in the current HPC literature, including the Intel Clovertown, AMD Barcelona, Sun Victoria Falls, IBM QS22 PowerXCell 8i, and NVIDIA GTX280. Overall, our auto-tuning optimization methodology results in the fastest multicore stencil performance to date. Finally, we present several key insights into the architectural trade-offs of emerging multicore designs and their implications on scientific algorithm development.

  14. Slow motion replay detection of tennis video based on color auto-correlogram

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Xiaoli; Zhi, Min

    2012-04-01

    In this paper, an effective slow motion replay detection method for tennis videos which contains logo transition is proposed. This method is based on the theory of color auto-correlogram and achieved by fowllowing steps: First,detect the candidate logo transition areas from the video frame sequence. Second, generate logo template. Then use color auto-correlogram for similarity matching between video frames and logo template in the candidate logo transition areas. Finally, select logo frames according to the matching results and locate the borders of slow motion accurately by using the brightness change during logo transition process. Experiment shows that, unlike previous approaches, this method has a great improvement in border locating accuracy rate, and can be used for other sports videos which have logo transition, too. In addition, as the algorithm only calculate the contents in the central area of the video frames, speed of the algorithm has been improved greatly.

  15. Perceptions and attitudes of car owners on innovative automobiles; Percepties en attitudes van autobezitters over innovatieve auto's

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pol, M.; Brunsting, S. [ECN Beleidsstudies, Amsterdam (Netherlands)

    2012-01-15

    To abate the detrimental effects of transport a transition is foreseen from the conventional fossil cars to energy-sustainable cars. A successful transition requires a major behavioral change of car consumers who need to make choices about new options for transport with uncertain costs and benefits compared to their current car. This paper examines consumers' perceptions about innovative cars and considerations for buying or not buying innovative cars (hybrid, electric, plug-in electric, hydrogen, flexifuel). In this study an on-line questionnaire on attitudes, interests and social norms regarding innovative cars was conducted among 339 Dutch respondents who recently bought a new car. To obtain in-depth understanding of the answers, a follow-up study was conducted consisting of two focus groups with a sample of survey participants. These focus groups respectively concentrated on respondents' perceptions of innovative cars, and on the personality traits of the 'typical' innovative car driver. The results of the survey shows that the attitude towards innovative cars are strongly influenced by affective aspects (such as comfort and pleasant) and to a (much) smaller extent by environmental considerations. The results of the focus groups confirm these findings. According to the participants the price of the car is decisive whereby environmental concerns play no role. The design and image of the car are important. In addition, it appears that the familiarity with (and thus the knowledge about) the innovative cars is still very limited (with the exception of the hybrid car). This point of view stresses the importance of the way in which innovative cars are positioned thereby affecting the image (social norms) people will have regarding these cars. [Dutch] Om de nadelige effecten van vervoer (automobiliteit in het bijzonder) te beperken, wordt een transitie voorzien van conventionele auto's, rijdend op fossiele brandstoffen, naar duurzame

  16. A compact wideband precision impedance measurement system based on digital auto-balancing bridge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Binxin; Wang, Jinyu; Song, Guangdong; Zhang, Faxiang

    2016-05-01

    The ac impedance spectroscopy measurements are predominantly taken by using impedance analyzers based on analog auto-balancing bridge. However, those bench-top analyzers are generally complicated, bulky and expensive, thus limiting their usage in industrial field applications. This paper presents the development of a compact wideband precision measurement system based on digital auto-balancing bridge. The methods of digital auto-balancing bridge and digital lock-in amplifier are analyzed theoretically. The overall design and several key sections including null detector, direct digital synthesizer-based sampling clock, and digital control unit are introduced in detail. The results show that the system achieves a basic measurement accuracy of 0.05% with a frequency range of 20 Hz-2 MHz. The advantages of versatile measurement capacity, fast measurement speed, small size and low cost make it quite suitable for industrial field applications. It is demonstrated that this system is practical and effective by applying in determining the impedance-temperature characteristic of a motor starter PTC thermistor.

  17. Effects of methyl substitution on the auto-ignition of C16 alkanes

    KAUST Repository

    Lapuerta, Magín

    2015-12-18

    The auto-ignition quality of diesel fuels, quantified by their cetane number or derived cetane number (DCN), is a critical design property to consider when producing and upgrading synthetic paraffinic fuels. It is well known that auto-ignition characteristics of paraffinic fuels depend on their degree of methyl substitution. However, there remains a need to study the governing chemical functionalities contributing to such ignition characteristics, especially in the case of methyl substitutions, which have not been studied in detail. In this work, the auto-ignition of 2,6,10-trimethyltridecane has been compared with the reference hydrocarbons used for cetane number determination, i.e. n-hexadecane and heptamethylnonane, all of them being C16 isomers. Results from a constant-volume combustion chamber under different pressure and temperature initial conditions showed that the ignition delay time for both cool flame and main combustion events increased less from n-hexadecane to trimethyltridecane than from trimethyltridecane to heptamethylnonane. Additional experimental results from blends of these hydrocarbons, together with kinetic modelling, showed that auto-ignition times and combustion rates were correlated to the concentration of the functional groups indicative of methyl substitution, although not in a linear manner. When the concentration of these functional groups decreased, the first stage OH radical concentration increased and ignition delay times decreased, whereas when their concentration increased, H2O2 production was slower and ignition was retarded. Contrary to the ignition delay times, DCN was correlated linearly with functional groups, thus homogenizing the range of values and clarifying the differences between fuels.

  18. Method for auto-alignment of digital optical phase conjugation systems based on digital propagation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jang, Mooseok; Ruan, Haowen; Zhou, Haojiang; Judkewitz, Benjamin; Yang, Changhuei

    2014-06-16

    Optical phase conjugation (OPC) has enabled many optical applications such as aberration correction and image transmission through fiber. In recent years, implementation of digital optical phase conjugation (DOPC) has opened up the possibility of its use in biomedical optics (e.g. deep-tissue optical focusing) due to its ability to provide greater-than-unity OPC reflectivity (the power ratio of the phase conjugated beam and input beam to the OPC system) and its flexibility to accommodate additional wavefront manipulations. However, the requirement for precise (pixel-to-pixel matching) alignment of the wavefront sensor and the spatial light modulator (SLM) limits the practical usability of DOPC systems. Here, we report a method for auto-alignment of a DOPC system by which the misalignment between the sensor and the SLM is auto-corrected through digital light propagation. With this method, we were able to accomplish OPC playback with a DOPC system with gross sensor-SLM misalignment by an axial displacement of up to~1.5 cm, rotation and tip/tilt of ~5° and in-plane displacement of ~5 mm (dependent on the physical size of the sensor and the SLM). Our auto-alignment method robustly achieved a DOPC playback peak-to-background ratio (PBR) corresponding to more than ~30 % of the theoretical maximum. As an additional advantage, the auto-alignment procedure can be easily performed at will and, as such, allows us to correct for small mechanical drifts within the DOPC systems, thus overcoming a previously major DOPC system vulnerability. We believe that this reported method for implementing robust DOPC systems will broaden the practical utility of DOPC systems.

  19. Auto-modulation of neuroactive steroids on GABA A receptors: a novel pharmacological effect.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wegner, Florian; Rassler, Cornelia; Allgaier, Clemens; Strecker, Karl; Wohlfarth, Kai

    2007-02-01

    GABA(A) receptor function is modulated by various important drugs including neuroactive steroids that act on allosteric modulatory sites and can directly activate GABA(A) receptor channels at high concentrations. We used whole cell patch-clamp recordings and rapid applications of the neuroactive steroid alphaxalone to investigate repetitive steroid effects. Alphaxalone potentiation of submaximal GABA-evoked currents was enhanced significantly by repetitive coapplications at all investigated recombinant isoforms (alpha1beta3delta, alpha1beta3gamma2L, alpha6beta3delta, alpha6beta3gamma2L) and at GABA(A) receptors of differentiated human NT2 neurons. A similar increase of current amplitudes was induced by repetitive applications of a high steroid concentration without GABA. We refer to these reversible effects as auto-modulation because repeated interactions of steroids enhanced their own pharmacological impact at the receptor sites in a time and concentration dependent manner without affecting GABA controls. Pronounced auto-modulatory actions were also measured using the neurosteroid 5alpha-THDOC in contrast to indiplon, THIP, and pentobarbital indicating a steroid specificity. Protein kinase A inhibition significantly reduced alphaxalone auto-modulation at alpha1beta3gamma2L, alpha6beta3gamma2L, and alpha6beta3delta subtypes while it enhanced potentiation at alpha1beta3delta isoforms suggesting a crucial influence of receptor subunit composition and phosphorylation for steroid actions. Especially at extrasynaptic GABA(A) receptor sites containing the delta subunit steroid auto-modulation may have a critical role in enhancing potentiation of GABA-induced currents.

  20. 基于AutoCAD的建筑制图应用分析%Analysis of construction drawing based on AutoCAD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨小玉

    2014-01-01

    Because of the rapid development of science and technology,AutoCAD construction drawings are widely used in the construction field,and more and more social attention.This paper briefly introduces theapplication of AutoCAD in the construction of teaching in the drawing,and then introduced the set AutoCAD initialapplication and set the application of AutoCAD drawing,finally has made the comprehensive analysis of the skills used in architectural drawing in AutoCAD.%由于科学技术的迅猛发展,AutoCAD的建筑制图也广泛运用于建筑领域,而且越来越受社会所重视。文章首先简要介绍了AutoCAD在建筑制图中的教学应用,然后介绍了AutoCAD的初始设置应用以及AutoCAD制图的设置应用,最后对AutoCAD在建筑制图中的技巧应用做出了全面的分析。

  1. Research on remote sensing image pixel attribute data acquisition method in AutoCAD

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Xiaoyang; Sun, Guangtong; Liu, Jun; Liu, Hui

    2013-07-01

    The remote sensing image has been widely used in AutoCAD, but AutoCAD lack of the function of remote sensing image processing. In the paper, ObjectARX was used for the secondary development tool, combined with the Image Engine SDK to realize remote sensing image pixel attribute data acquisition in AutoCAD, which provides critical technical support for AutoCAD environment remote sensing image processing algorithms.

  2. On the design of artificial auto-associative neuronal networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reimann, Stefan

    1998-06-01

    In this paper, we consider the problem of how to construct an artificial neuronal network such that it reproduces a given set of patterns in an exact manner. It turns out that the structure of the weight matrix of the network represents the structure of the set of patterns it is acting on, not the patterns themselves. Conditions are discussed under which the associative network memorizes a certain subset of these patterns. Our formal approach is based on the simple observation that neural networks are structured sets of neurons. By regarding recurrent neural networks as dynamical systems with symmetry, the category of G-sets and G-morphisms appears as a natural framework for evaluating their structure and functioning analytically.

  3. Study on auto discrimination technology of AutoCAD three-dimensional graphics based on unit test mode%单元测试模式的AutoCAD三维图形自动判别技术研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐金鑫; 杨松林; 张钢

    2011-01-01

    Through studying the automatic discrimination technology of AutoCAD three-dimensionalgraphics based on the unit test mode,the problems of automatic batch opening of the DWG graphics aresolvedAnd automatic conversion of data format from DWG to SAT is achieved by utilizing traversal search-ing the SAT files ^extracting the data information of the three -dimensional solid and storing it in thedatabase with the programming language VisualBbasic and Visuallisp language as well as graphic formatconversion technology and the traversal search method with graphic data information.Tnus the automatic e-valuation,re suit display and data output on three-dimensional CAD graphics is realized combining with the comparison method of the feature data, which lay an important foundation for the three-dimensional CAD test to achieve networked,automation and paperless.%通过对单元测试模式的AutoCAD三维图形自动判别技术研究,利用Visual Basic、Visuallisp编程语言以及图形格式转换、图形数据信息遍历搜索方法,解决了三维DWG图形批量自动打开并完成DWG至SAT数据文件格式的自动转换,并对SAT数据文件进行遍历搜索提取三维实体图形数据信息自动存储到Access数据库中,结合特征数据比对法实现CAD三维图形的自动评判、结果显示、数据输出等功能,为三维CAD测试实现网络化、自动化、无纸化奠定重要的基础.

  4. Beginning AutoCAD 2005

    CERN Document Server

    McFarlane, Bob

    2005-01-01

    Beginning AutoCAD 2005 is a course based on learning and practising the essentials of 2D drawing using AutoCAD. Bob McFarlane's hands-on approach is uniquely suited to independent learning and use on courses. The focus on 2D drawing in one book, ensures the reader gets a thorough grounding in the subject, with a greater depth of coverage than tends to be available from general introductions to AutoCAD. As a result, this book provides a true, step-by-step, detailed exploration of the AutoCAD functions required at each stage of producing a 2D drawing - an approach often

  5. Auto Target Tracking Robot Design Based on Smartphone

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shuen De Wu

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes a robot tracking control design based on a smartphone using a commercial microprocessor. The system hardware consists of four major parts: an Android smartphone with an embedded camera, a Microchip microprocessor, a motor driver circuit and an Attacknid robot. First, an image of the surrounding environment is captured by the high definition camera embedded in the smartphone. The target is then recognized from the image using an algorithm developed in Android OS and OpenCV library. Third, motion control and laser activation strategies are achieved using the proposed algorithm implemented in Java. Fourth, the motion commands are delivered to the microchip processor through a USB interface. Finally, the processor produces a pulse width modulation (PWM voltage to control the robot’s motion and activate the laser diode according commands sent from the smart phone. Experimental results demonstrate the feasibility of this proposed architecture.

  6. Internet与AutoCAD%Internet and AutoCAD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李岩; 修立刚

    2009-01-01

    从Internet是国际上交流信息最重要的方法出发,介绍了AutoCAD的网络功能.即如何在Web上发布图形和在AutoCAD中进行网上的图形操作.%Is internationally exchanges the information most important method from Intemet to embark, introduced the AutoCAD network function, how namely on Web to issue that the graph and carries in-line graph operation in AutoCAD.

  7. 基于AutoCAD和Photoshop的林业制图%Forestry Mapping Design Based on Software of Auto CAD and Adobe Photoshop

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗超; 肖泽鑫; 彭剑华; 邹桂逢; 赖焕武

    2012-01-01

    介绍AutoCAD和Photoshop软件的特点,从绘图空间设置、底图录入调整、底图矢量化、数据库建立、各类专题图绘制、绘图比例设置及后期效果处理及出图等方面论述了其在林业制图上的应用方法及技巧并就2种制图软件的优缺点以及2种软件综合应用的优势进行了讨论.%Software features of Auto CAD and Photoshop were introduced in this paper, and application technique methods also been elaborated from aspects of drawing space setting, hase. map entry adjustments, base maps vectorization, database creation, various thematic mapping, drawing scale settings and late effects processing and so on. The advantages and disadvantages of the two mapping software in applications were discussed.

  8. Solid Modeling of Non- circular Gear based on AutoCAD VBA%基于AutoCAD VBA的非圆齿轮实体建模

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄忠超; 蓝兆辉

    2011-01-01

    根据非圆齿轮齿廓的形成原理,建立了齿廓在形成过程中齿条刀具的运动模型.并用Auto-CAD的二次开发工具VBA,通过模拟非圆齿轮齿廓的形成过程,用实体的布尔运算生成非圆齿轮的实体模型.该模型可直接导入CAM软件中得到非圆齿轮的数控加工程序.%Based on the non - circular gear tooth profile forming principle, the motion model of tool rack is established . Using the secondary development tool VBA of AutoCAD, the non - circular gear solid model is gotten by simulating the process of non - circular gear tooth profile formation and using Boolean operation. The model can be directly imported in CAM software to obtain the NC machining program of non - circular gear.

  9. Research on Auto-detection for Remainder Particles of Aerospace Relay Based on Wavelet Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GAO Hong-liang; ZHANG Hui; WANG Shu-juan

    2007-01-01

    Aerospace relay is one kind of electronic components which is used widely in national defense system and aerospace system. The existence of remainder particles induces the reliability declining, which has become a severe problem in the development of aerospace relay. Traditional particle impact noise detection (PIND) method for remainder detection is ineffective for small particles, due to its low precision and involvement of subjective factors. An auto-detection method for PIND output signals is proposed in this paper, which is based on direct wavelet de-noising (DWD), cross-correlation analysis (CCA) and homo-filtering (HF), the method enhances the affectivity of PIND test about the small particles. In the end, some practical PIND output signals are analysed, and the validity of this new method is proved.

  10. Study on optimal design to improve auto-body structural crashworthiness

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Hai-liang; LIN Zhong-qin

    2005-01-01

    In this paper the optimal model of the main energy absorbed structure in an auto-body "front rail",based on structural crashworthiness is built. For an optimal design on structure crashworthiness, the new method is based on a response surface model and Pareto GA, which improves the efficiency and flexibility of an optimal design, that is brought forward. The traditional optimal method can not be applied in the design of an impact structure due to the high nonlinearity and large time cost of crashworthiness FE analysis. So the method of an optimal design based on crashworthiness is brought forward. After constructing the response surface model of auto-body crashworthiness, the Pareto GA can be applied to find the multi-objective globally. The optimal solution set can then be used to provide many scheme combinations for choice structural parameters.To acquire the optimized structure parameters on front rail crashworthiness, this simplified model of an original design is built. After studying various ways of reinforcing the cross-section to control the structural failure mode, a better method has been found. On the precondition of not increasing the mass of the structure, an optimal design of the front rail is performed further. Finally, the optimized scheme is implemented in the full-car impact analysis and crashworthiness is studied. With proper measures to control deformation of the front rail structure the crashworthiness can be improved with minor structural modifications.

  11. AutoCAD 2010 For Dummies

    CERN Document Server

    Byrnes, David

    2009-01-01

    AutoCAD is the hot computer-aided design software known for both its powerful tools and its complexity. AutoCAD 2010 for Dummies is the bestselling guide that walks you through this complicated program so you can build complex 3D technical drawings, edit like a pro, enter new dimensions, and plot with style. AutoCAD 2010 for Dummies helps you navigate the program, use the AutoCAD Design Center, create a basic layout and work with dimension, and put your drawings on the Internet. You'll soon be setting up the AutoCAD environment, using the AutoCAD Ribbon, creating annotation and dimension drawi

  12. The AutoProof Verifier: Usability by Non-Experts and on Standard Code

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlo A. Furia

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Formal verification tools are often developed by experts for experts; as a result, their usability by programmers with little formal methods experience may be severely limited. In this paper, we discuss this general phenomenon with reference to AutoProof: a tool that can verify the full functional correctness of object-oriented software. In particular, we present our experiences of using AutoProof in two contrasting contexts representative of non-expert usage. First, we discuss its usability by students in a graduate course on software verification, who were tasked with verifying implementations of various sorting algorithms. Second, we evaluate its usability in verifying code developed for programming assignments of an undergraduate course. The first scenario represents usability by serious non-experts; the second represents usability on "standard code", developed without full functional verification in mind. We report our experiences and lessons learnt, from which we derive some general suggestions for furthering the development of verification tools with respect to improving their usability.

  13. Impact of Formaldehyde Addition on Auto-Ignition in Internal-Combustion Engines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuwahara, Kazunari; Ando, Hiromitsu; Furutani, Masahiro; Ohta, Yasuhiko

    By employing a direct-injection diesel engine equipped with a common-rail type of injection system, by adding formaldehyde (CH2O) to the intake air, and by changing the fuel-injection timing, the compression ratio and the intake-air temperature, a mechanism for CH2O as a fuel additive to affect auto-ignition was discussed. Unlike an HCCI type of engine, the diesel engine can expose an air-fuel mixture only to a limited range of the in-cylinder temperature before the ignition, and can separate low- and high-temperature parts of the mechanism. When low-temperature oxidation starts at a temperature above 900K, there are cases that the CH2O advances the ignition timing. Below 900K, to the contrary, it always retards the timing. It is because, above 900K, a part of the CH2O changes into CO together with H2O2 as an ignition promoter. Below 900K, on the other hand, the CH2O itself acts as an OH radical scavenger against cool-flame reaction, from the beginning of low-temperature oxidation. Then, the engine was modified for its extraordinary function as a gasoline-knocking generator, in order that an effect of CH2O on knocking could be discussed. The CH2O retards the onset of auto-ignition of an end gas. Judging from a large degree of the retardation, the ignition is probably triggered below 900K.

  14. Study on intelligent welding mobile robot with the function of auto-searching weld line

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Ke; Lü Xueqin; Sun Guang; Wu Yixiong

    2006-01-01

    The development of welding robots suitable for specially unstructured working enviroments has been become an important development direction of industrial robot application because large-scale welding structures have been used more and more widely in modern industry. In this paper, an intelligent mobile robot for welding of ship deck with the function of autosearching weld line was presented. A wheeled motion mechanism and a cross adjustment slider are used for the welding robot body. A sensing system based on laser-PSD (position sensitive detector) displacement sensor was developed to obtain two dimensional deviation signals during seam tracking. A full-digital control system based on DSP and CPLD has also been realized to implement complex and high-performance control algorithm s. Furthermore, the system has still the function of auto-searching weld line according to the characteristics information of weld groove and adjusting posture itself to the desired status preparing for welding. The experiment of auto-searching welding line shows that the robot has high tracing accuracy,and can satisfy the requirement of practical welding project.

  15. AutoCAD技术在公路施工中的运用%On application of AutoCAD technique in road construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘田俊

    2013-01-01

    AutoCAD技术在公路施工中的运用进行了详细的阐述,分别列举了AutoCAD技术在施工现场规划布置、公路施工测量放样、路基土石方测算、公路施工资料中的应用,并详细介绍了应用方法,指出AutoCAD技术在公路施工中具有广阔应用前景.

  16. Rapidly FEM Modeling Technique Based on AutoCAD VBA%基于AutoCAD VBA的有限元快速建模技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    翟利军; 张燎军; 陈文龙

    2003-01-01

    采用VBA技术对AutoCAD进行二次开发,通过ActiveX技术操作AutoCAD暴露的对象,充分利用AutoCAD的图形功能,实现有限元快速可视化建模技术.介绍了开发过程中的关键技术和程序的实现,工程实例证明,VBA是一种快速、高效的开发工具.

  17. Strangers on a Train

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davidson, Cathy N.

    2011-01-01

    Early on in her first tenure-track job at Michigan State University, in the late 1970s, the author happened to be riding the same train from Lansing, Michigan, to Chicago as the department chair who hired her, Alan Hollingsworth, who had since become dean of the College of Arts and Sciences. It had taken her three years to land a tenure-track…

  18. 2006 Chinese Government Auto Purchase Forum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Sponsored by Economic Daily and the China Machinery Enterprises Management Association, the 2006 Chinese Government Auto Purchase Forum will be held in Tianjin on July 11-13. This represents another high-level dialogue and exchange between the government and the auto industry hot on the heels of the 2005 Chinese Government Auto Purchase Forum. This event is launched to promote

  19. Data Transfer between AutoCAD and Compass Based on VBA%基于VBA的AutoCAD 和Compass的数据传递

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尤炜呈; 陈顺怀

    2008-01-01

    利用VBA编程,对AutoCAD进行二次开发.实现了从AutoCAD到Compass的数据传递,避免了在使用Compass进行性能计算时,手动输入型线的型值.自动生成船体模型,可提高图形生成效率和准确性.

  20. Structure of BOM Model Based on AutoCAD2000%基于AutoCAD2000 BOM结构模块建立

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李惠林

    2003-01-01

    应用VBA技术、数据库相关技术,开发基于AutoCAD2000产品设计BOM结构模块的方法.实现了在AutoCAD图纸中自动生成BOM,及时存储和更新数据,保持图纸数据与数据库数据的一致性.

  1. 基于AutoCAD的PLC梯形图的绘制%The protraction of the PLC ladder-shaped chart base on AutoCAD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈营

    2002-01-01

    本文介绍了利用AutoCAD的图块技术和形文件建立PLC元器件图形符号库的方法,阐述了利用AutoCAD快速绘制梯形图的过程,为PLC梯形图的自动绘制与编程提供基础控件.

  2. AutoGPA-Based 3D-QSAR Modeling and Molecular Docking Study on Factor Xa Inhibitors as Anticoagulant Agents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guo Fang Yuan

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The three-dimensional-quantitative structure activity relationship (3D-QSAR studies were performed on a series of direct factor Xa (FXa inhibitors using AutoGPA-based modeling method in this paper. A training set of 38 molecules and a test set containing 10 molecules were used to build the 3D-QSAR model and validate the derived model, respectively. The developed model with correlation coefficients (r2 of 0.8564 and cross-validated correlation coefficients (q2 of 0.6721 were validated by an external test set of 10 molecules with predicted correlation coefficient (rpred2 of 0.6077. Docking study of FXa inhibitors and FXa active site was performed to check the induced pharmacophore query and comparative molecular field analysis (CoMFA contour maps using MOE2012.10. It was proved to be coincidence with the interaction information between ligand and FXa active site and was rendered to provide a useful tool to improve FXa inhibitors.

  3. Resource-Efficient, Hierarchical Auto-Tuning of a Hybrid Lattice Boltzmann Computation on the Cray XT4

    OpenAIRE

    Williams, Samuel; Computational Research Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, One Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA; NERSC, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory; Computer Science Department, University of California, Irvine, CA

    2009-01-01

    We apply auto-tuning to a hybrid MPI-pthreads lattice Boltzmann computation running on the Cray XT4 at National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC). Previous work showed that multicore-specific auto-tuning can improve the performance of lattice Boltzmann magnetohydrodynamics (LBMHD) by a factor of 4x when running on dual- and quad-core Opteron dual-socket SMPs. We extend these studies to the distributed memory arena via a hybrid MPI/pthreads implementation. In addition to con...

  4. On-line Auto-Tuning of PI Control of the Superheat for a Supermarket Refrigeration System

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Yang, Zhenyu; Andersen, Casper; Izadi-Zamanabadi, Roozbeh

    2011-01-01

    An online PI auto-tuning method is proposed for superheat control for a type of supermarket refrigeration systems. The proposed procedure consists of three serial steps: Step-One uses one of the two proposed empirical methods, namely multi-step method and relay method, for modeling initialization...... controller is auto-tuned based on the obtained FOPDT model and the SIMC method in Step-Three. The proposed method is implemented on a real-sized physical system and the experimental results showed a promising potential to apply the proposed method into commercial development....

  5. Auto-calibration of capacitive MEMS accelerometers based on pull-in voltage

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rocha, L.A.; Dias, R.A.; Cretu, E.; Mol, L.; Wolffenbuttel, R.F.

    2011-01-01

    This paper describes an electro-mechanical auto-calibration technique for use in capacitive MEMS accelerometers. Auto-calibration is achieved using the combined information derived from an initial measurement of the resonance frequency and the measurement of the pull-in voltages during device operat

  6. LASER INDUCED SELECTIVE ACTIVATION UTILIZING AUTO-CATALYTIC ELECTROLESS PLATING ON POLYMER SURFACE

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhang, Yang; Nielsen, Jakob Skov; Tang, Peter Torben

    2009-01-01

    . Characterization of the deposited copper layer was used to select and improve laser parameters. Several types of polymers with different melting points were used as substrate. Using the above mentioned laser treatment, standard grades of thermoplastic materials such as ABS, SAN, PE, PC and others have been......This paper presents a new method for selective micro metallization of polymers induced by laser. An Nd: YAG laser was employed to draw patterns on polymer surfaces using a special set-up. After subsequent activation and auto-catalytic electroless plating, copper only deposited on the laser tracks....... Induced by the laser, porous and rough structures are formed on the surface, which favours the palladium attachment during the activation step prior to the metallization. Laser focus detection, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and other instruments were used to analyze the topography of the laser track...

  7. Flow Forecasting in Drainage Systems with Extrapolated Radar Rainfall Data and Auto Calibration on Flow Observations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thorndahl, Søren Liedtke; Grum, M.; Rasmussen, Michael R.;

    2011-01-01

    in a small urban catchment has been developed. The forecast is based on application of radar rainfall data, which by a correlation based technique, is extrapolated with a lead time up to two hours. The runoff forecast in the drainage system is based on a fully distributed MOUSE model which is auto......Forecasting of flows, overflow volumes, water levels, etc. in drainage systems can be applied in real time control of drainage systems in the future climate in order to fully utilize system capacity and thus save possible construction costs. An online system for forecasting flows and water levels......-calibrated on flow measurements in order to produce the best possible forecast for the drainage system at all times. The system shows great potential for the implementation of real time control in drainage systems and forecasting flows and water levels....

  8. The second development of AutoCAD dimension mark system based on the ObjectARX%基于ObjectARX的AutoCAD尺寸标注测试系统二次开发

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王传俊

    2013-01-01

    Analysis of the Windows operating system and the operating environment based on VisualC++, the basic method of program design and the advantages of AutoCAD second development using ObjectARX application program. Give out the methods of three view dimension testing system for developing portfolio , and deeply verify the feasibility of using ObjectARX to develop AutoCAD for the second time in the Visual C++environment.%  分析了在Windows操作系统下,基于Visual C++运行环境,利用ObjectARX应用程序对AutoCAD进行二次开发的优点和基本方法。以AutoCAD尺寸标注测试系统为实例,给出开发组合体三视图尺寸标注测试系统的方法,进一步验证了在Visual C++环境下用ObjectARX对AutoCAD二次开发的可行性。

  9. An Efficient Algorithm for Auto Upload and Chi - Square Test on Application Software

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sampada Kembhavi

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available In this paper weproposed a novel algorithm for autouploading the data in the cloud environment withoutanylicense considerationand suggest a novelframework where data is auto upload after a properauthentication and processing their task (gatheringand sharing inthe cloudenvironment.Here wepresent the authenticationprocess with autouploading process.We also use the traditionalmethod of data uploading, data gathering andsharing.So that we compare our statistics. We useobject orientedprograming (OOP programsas adata which is used for data sharing and gathering.We use java programs for comparison.Thenweapply Chi-Square test, to test the hypothesis forcorrectness. Then we check the program capabilityunder three parameters; first is F-measure (FM,second is odds ratio (OR and third is power (PO.Based on the three parameters we can find the betterapplication software as a service approach. Basedon the above phenomena we can compare theexecutiontimein different operating applicationwith the help of software quality metrics

  10. A Big Network Traffic Data Fusion Approach Based on Fisher and Deep Auto-Encoder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaoling Tao

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Data fusion is usually performed prior to classification in order to reduce the input space. These dimensionality reduction techniques help to decline the complexity of the classification model and thus improve the classification performance. The traditional supervised methods demand labeled samples, and the current network traffic data mostly is not labeled. Thereby, better learners will be built by using both labeled and unlabeled data, than using each one alone. In this paper, a novel network traffic data fusion approach based on Fisher and deep auto-encoder (DFA-F-DAE is proposed to reduce the data dimensions and the complexity of computation. The experimental results show that the DFA-F-DAE improves the generalization ability of the three classification algorithms (J48, back propagation neural network (BPNN, and support vector machine (SVM by data dimensionality reduction. We found that the DFA-F-DAE remarkably improves the efficiency of big network traffic classification.

  11. 3D geological modeling of surface coal mine based on AutoCAD%基于AutoCAD的露天煤矿三维地质建模

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王金金; 白润才; 刘光伟; 赵浩

    2011-01-01

    3D geological modeling of surface coal mine is a core component of Digital Mine. The establishment of 3D geological model provides decisions for the estimation and design of Open Pit Coal Mine, and the models have an important guiding significance during the mine' s production and provide more important information for the designers. This paper, by taking specific surface coal mine for example, introduces the technique of 3D geological modeling of surface coal mine based on AutoCAD, builds 3D 3D geological model, displays the 3D geological updates 3D geological model, simulation mining, geological modeling of the mine, applies it in engineering, establishes model in any direction, builds the drilling database, modifies and and so on. The establishment of 3D geological model enables mining engineers in a real three - dimensional environment and in the approach of "human - computer interaction", so as to realize the mining design and mining plan, and so on.%露天煤矿三维地质模型的建立是矿山数字化的核心组成部分.三维地质模型的建立,对矿山的经济评价、采矿设计和生产管理都具有重要的指导意义.以具体露天煤矿为例,介绍了基于AutoCAD的三维地质建模技术,建立了该矿的三维地质模型并将其应用于工程实际,实现了该矿的三维地质模型建立和可视化显示,以及钻孔数据库的建立、模型的修改与实时动态更新、模拟开采等功能,使矿山工程技术人员在一个真三维环境中,利用三维可视化模拟开采技术,以“人机交互”的方式进行露天矿开采设计、生产计划编制等.

  12. AutoCAD platform customization user interface, AutoLISP, VBA, and beyond

    CERN Document Server

    Ambrosius, Lee

    2015-01-01

    Take control of AutoCAD to boost the speed, quality, and precision of your work Senior drafters and savvy users are increasingly taking AutoCAD customization out of the hands of system administrators, and taking control of their own workflow. In AutoCAD Platform Customization, Autodesk customization guru Lee Ambrosius walks you through a multitude of customization options using detailed tutorials and real-world examples applicable to AutoCAD, AutoCAD LT, Civil 3D, Plant 3D, and other programs built on the AutoCAD platform. By unleashing the full power of the software, you'll simplify and str

  13. 基于AutoCAD的轴零件参数化建模研究%The study on shaft of parameters' modeling based on auto CAD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡进; 程晓勇

    2006-01-01

    本文以AutoCAD为软件平台,以参数化建模为向导,利用VBA工具对其进行二次开发.设计的轴生成器软件有设置中心孔、倒角、键槽(花键)、生成齿轮等功能,进一步充实、完善了AutoCAD,并以设置中心孔为例,简单说明了利用VBA进行二次开发的一般方法.本文从用户的角度,充分考虑到软件界面的可操作性,以提高三维造型效率.

  14. AutoCAD 2014 essentials

    CERN Document Server

    Onstott, Scott

    2013-01-01

    Learn crucial AutoCAD tools and techniques with this Autodesk Official Press Book Quickly become productive using AutoCAD 2014 and AutoCAD LT 2014 with this full color Autodesk Official Press guide. This unique learning resource features concise, straightforward explanations and real-world, hands-on exercises and tutorials. Following a quick discussion of concepts and goals, each chapter moves on to an approachable hands-on exercise designed to reinforce real-world tactics and techniques. Compelling, full-color screenshots illustrate tutorial steps, and chapters conclude with relat

  15. Auto recognition of carbonate microfacies based on an improved back propagation neural network

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王玉玺; 刘波; 高计县; 张学丰; 李顺利; 刘建强; 田泽普

    2015-01-01

    Though traditional methods could recognize some facies, e.g. lagoon facies, backshoal facies and foreshoal facies, they couldn’t recognize reef facies and shoal facies well. To solve this problem, back propagation neural network (BP-ANN) and an improved BP-ANN with better stability and suitability, optimized by a particle swarm optimizer (PSO) algorithm (PSO-BP-ANN) were proposed to solve the microfacies’ auto discrimination of M formation from the R oil field in Iraq. Fourteen wells with complete core, borehole and log data were chosen as the standard wells and 120 microfacies samples were inferred from these 14 wells. Besides, the average value of gamma, neutron and density logs as well as the sum of squares of deviations of gamma were extracted as key parameters to build log facies (facies from log measurements)−microfacies transforming model. The total 120 log facies samples were divided into 12 kinds of log facies and 6 kinds of microfacies, e.g. lagoon bioclasts micrite limestone microfacies, shoal bioclasts grainstone microfacies, backshoal bioclasts packstone microfacies, foreshoal bioclasts micrite limestone microfacies, shallow continental micrite limestone microfacies and reef limestone microfacies. Furthermore, 68 samples of these 120 log facies samples were chosen as training samples and another 52 samples were gotten as testing samples to test the predicting ability of the discrimination template. Compared with conventional methods, like Bayes stepwise discrimination, both the BP-ANN and PSO-BP-ANN can integrate more log details with a correct rate higher than 85%. Furthermore, PSO-BP-ANN has more simple structure, smaller amount of weight and threshold and less iteration time.

  16. An application of ANP for ranking different factors influencing on demand for auto parts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Zarepour

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents an empirical investigation to study different factors influencing auto parts in different regions of Iran. The study has asked some experts who worked for the biggest auto parts supplier named SaipaYadak to express their insights about important factors influencing demand for auto parts in different region and their insights have grouped into four categories of parts related issues, weather conditions, regional as well as cultural factors. The study has been applied in five different regions of country including central, south, north, west and east. The study has used analytical network process (ANP to rank different factors and the results indicate that regional factors is the most important item followed by cultural issues, auto parts and weather conditions.

  17. 浅谈“比例”在AutoCAD绘图中的应用%Discussion on Application of Ratio in AutoCAD Drawin~

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓锐; 佟立丰

    2012-01-01

    AutoCAD软件绘图时,熟练、灵活的运用"比例",将会使绘图变得更简单、准确、快捷;图纸的布局更美观;图纸的显示效果更优异。%when drawing with AutoCAD, we can make the drawing easier, more accurate and quicker, make the distribution of drawing more beautiful, and make the display of drawing better if we know how to use ratio in a skillful way.

  18. 基于AutoCAD VBA实体模型参数化设计%Parameters designing for solid model based on AutoCAD VBA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王志刚; 吴术路

    2011-01-01

    AutoCAD were re-developed with VB language.parameter calculation for standard straight spur gear was presented and window-based designing methods were also provided.%给出了标准直齿圆柱齿轮相关参数计算,利用VB语言对AutoCAD软件进行二次开发的方法,建立了窗体驱动标准直齿圆柱齿轮参数化设计实体的生成经过。

  19. AutoCAD platform customization autolisp

    CERN Document Server

    Ambrosius, Lee

    2014-01-01

    Customize and personalize programs built on the AutoCAD platform AutoLISP is the key to unlocking the secrets of a more streamlined experience using industry leading software programs like AutoCAD, Civil 3D, Plant 3D, and more. AutoCAD Platform Customization: AutoLISP provides real-world examples that show you how to do everything from modifying graphical objects and reading and setting system variables to communicating with external programs. It also features a resources appendix and downloadable datasets and customization examples-tools that ensure swift and easy adoption. Find out how to r

  20. AutoCAD 2008 for dummies

    CERN Document Server

    Byrnes, David

    2007-01-01

    A gentle, humorous introduction to this fearsomely complex software that helps new users start creating 2D and 3D technical drawings right awayCovers the new features and enhancements in the latest AutoCAD version and provides coverage of AutoCAD LT, AutoCAD''s lower-cost siblingTopics covered include creating a basic layout, using AutoCAD DesignCenter, drawing and editing, working with dimensions, plotting, using blocks, adding text to drawings, and drawing on the InternetAutoCAD is the leading CAD software for architects, engineers, and draftspeople who need to create detailed 2D and 3D tech

  1. AutoCAD platform customization VBA

    CERN Document Server

    Ambrosius, Lee

    2015-01-01

    Boost productivity and streamline your workflow with expert AutoCAD: VBA programming instruction AutoCAD Platform Customization: VBA is the definitive guide to personalizing AutoCAD and the various programs that run on the AutoCAD platform, including AutoCAD Architecture, Civil 3D, Plant 3D, and more. Written by an Autodesk insider with years of customization and programming experience, this book features detailed discussions backed by real-world examples and easy-to-follow tutorials that illustrate each step in the personalization process. Readers gain expert guidance toward managing layout

  2. AutoCAD 2014 for dummies

    CERN Document Server

    Fane, Bill

    2013-01-01

    Find your way around AutoCAD 2014 with this full-color, For Dummies guide!Put away that pencil and paper and start putting the power of AutoCAD 2014 to work in your CAD projects and designs. From setting up your drawing environment to using text, dimensions, hatching, and more, this guide walks you through AutoCAD basics and provides you with a solid understanding of the latest CAD tools and techniques. You'll also benefit from the full-color illustrations that mirror exactly what you'll see on your AutoCAD 2014 screen and highlight the importance of AutoCAD's Mode

  3. Auto CAD在陶瓷产品设计三视图中的应用研究%Research on application of Auto CAD in three-view drawings for ceramic product design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨岚

    2015-01-01

    计算机辅助设计Auto CAD制图的规范化和科学化为陶瓷产品设计提供了规范化设计方案,从而提高了设计的成功率和效率.陶瓷产品设计需要同时达到产品的实用性和美观性,针对这一目的,从Auto CAD与陶瓷设计图相结合的原理入手,围绕陶瓷产品的主视图、俯视图、侧视图来展示该款计算机辅助设计软件的功能,从实践应用的角度说明了Auto CAD在陶瓷产品三视图处理过程中的实用性和高效性.%A standardized design scheme for ceramic product design is provided by standardization and scientization of the computer-aided design software Auto CAD,so as to improve the success rate and efficiency of the design. The aim of ceramics product design is to achieve product′s practicality and aesthetic property at the same time. Based on this purpose,beginning with the principles of combining Auto CAD with ceramic design drawings,the functions of the computer aided design software are exhibited by main view,overlooking and side view of ceramic products. Auto CAD′s practicability and high efficiency in the process of dealing with three-view drawings of ceramic products is illuminated from the view point of practical application.

  4. Methods of In-Process On-Machine Auto-Inspection of Dimensional Error and Auto-Compensation of Tool Wear for Precision Turning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shih-Ming Wang

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is mainly to develop an information and communication technology (ICT-based intelligent dimension inspection and tool wear compensation method for precision tuning. With the use of vibration signal processing/characteristics analysis technology combined with ICT, statistical analysis, and diagnosis algorithms, the method can be used to proceed with an on-line dimension inspection and on-machine tool wear auto-compensation for the turning process. Meanwhile, the method can also monitor critical tool life to identify the appropriate time for cutter replacement to reduce machining costs and improve the production efficiency of the turning process. Compared to the traditional ways, the method offers the advantages of requiring less manpower, and having better production efficiency, high tool life, fewer scrap parts, and low costs for inspection instruments. Algorithms and diagnosis threshold values for the detection, cutter wear compensation, and cutter life monitoring were developed. In addition, a bilateral communication module utilizing FANUC Open CNC (computer numerical control Application Programming Interface (API Spec was developed for the on-line extraction of instant NC (numerical control codes for monitoring and transmit commands to CNC controllers for cutter wear compensation. With use of local area networks (LAN to deliver the detection and correction information, the proposed method was able to remotely control the on-machine monitoring process and upload the machining and inspection data to a remote central platform for further production optimization. The verification experiments were conducted on a turning production line. The results showed that the system provided 93% correction for size inspection and 100% correction for cutter wear compensation.

  5. [Sexuality and auto-immunity].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abraham, Georges; Vlatkovic, Dejan

    2010-03-24

    The idea that it might be a link between auto-immune affections and sexual disturbances could appear a vain purpose at a first glance. Nevertheless, as we start from a new point of view, it is understandable that we focus on a possible common tendency to develop self-aggression and self-destruction. Similarities which could play a role in the development of an auto-immune disease and of a sexual dixturbance as well.

  6. SPEECH ENHANCEMENT BASED ON DYNAMIC NOISE ESTIMATION WITHIN AUTO-CORRELATION DOMAIN

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴亚栋; 吴旭辉

    2002-01-01

    Most noise suppression algorithms of single channel use the mean of noisy segments to estimate the characteristics of noise spectrum, ignoring the estimation of noise in speech segments. Therefore, when the energy level of noise varies with the time, the performance of removing noise will be degraded. To solve this problem, a speech enhancement approach based on dynamic noise estimation within correlation domain was proposed. This method exploits the characteristics that noise energy mainly concentrates on 0 th-order correlation coefficients, signal is auto-correlated but signal and noise, noise and noise are uncorrelated, then estimates and decomposes the noise, thus helps to solve the above-mentioned problem. The results of recognition experiments on speech signals of 15 Chinese cities' names corrupted by noise of exhibition hall shows, this approach is better than SS (Spectral Subtraction) method, adapts better to the variances of energy levels of speech signal corrupted by noise, has some practicability to improve the robustness of recognition systems under noisy environment.

  7. Spring 3D Entity Auto-modeling Based on AutoCAD VBA%基于AutoCAD VBA平台的弹簧三维实体自动建模

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵小东; 周惠群; 孙文

    2006-01-01

    AutoCAD2005提供的集成开发平台VBA上,利用截面拉伸法,通过界面和程序设计,得到三维弹簧的建模程序.运行程序后,在界面中输入要求的参数,便能实现弹簧三维实体的自动建模.

  8. Radiation reaction effect on laser driven auto-resonant particle acceleration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sagar, Vikram; Sengupta, Sudip; Kaw, P. K.

    2015-12-01

    The effects of radiation reaction force on laser driven auto-resonant particle acceleration scheme are studied using Landau-Lifshitz equation of motion. These studies are carried out for both linear and circularly polarized laser fields in the presence of static axial magnetic field. From the parametric study, a radiation reaction dominated region has been identified in which the particle dynamics is greatly effected by this force. In the radiation reaction dominated region, the two significant effects on particle dynamics are seen, viz., (1) saturation in energy gain by the initially resonant particle and (2) net energy gain by an initially non-resonant particle which is caused due to resonance broadening. It has been further shown that with the relaxation of resonance condition and with optimum choice of parameters, this scheme may become competitive with the other present-day laser driven particle acceleration schemes. The quantum corrections to the Landau-Lifshitz equation of motion have also been taken into account. The difference in the energy gain estimates of the particle by the quantum corrected and classical Landau-Lifshitz equation is found to be insignificant for the present day as well as upcoming laser facilities.

  9. Radiation reaction effect on laser driven auto-resonant particle acceleration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sagar, Vikram; Sengupta, Sudip; Kaw, P. K. [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar 382428 (India)

    2015-12-15

    The effects of radiation reaction force on laser driven auto-resonant particle acceleration scheme are studied using Landau-Lifshitz equation of motion. These studies are carried out for both linear and circularly polarized laser fields in the presence of static axial magnetic field. From the parametric study, a radiation reaction dominated region has been identified in which the particle dynamics is greatly effected by this force. In the radiation reaction dominated region, the two significant effects on particle dynamics are seen, viz., (1) saturation in energy gain by the initially resonant particle and (2) net energy gain by an initially non-resonant particle which is caused due to resonance broadening. It has been further shown that with the relaxation of resonance condition and with optimum choice of parameters, this scheme may become competitive with the other present-day laser driven particle acceleration schemes. The quantum corrections to the Landau-Lifshitz equation of motion have also been taken into account. The difference in the energy gain estimates of the particle by the quantum corrected and classical Landau-Lifshitz equation is found to be insignificant for the present day as well as upcoming laser facilities.

  10. Radiation Reaction Effect on Laser Driven Auto-Resonant Particle Acceleration

    CERN Document Server

    Sagar, Vikram; Kaw, P K

    2015-01-01

    The effects of radiation reaction force on laser driven auto-resonant particle acceleration scheme are studied using Landau-Lifshitz equation of motion. These studies are carried out for both linear as well as circularly polarized laser fields in the presence of static axial magnetic field. From the parametric study, a radiation reaction dominated region has been identified in which the particle dynamics is greatly effected by this force. In the radiation reaction dominated region the two significant effects on particle dynamics are seen viz., (1) saturation in energy gain by the initially resonant particle, (2) net energy gain by a initially non-resonant particle which is caused due to resonance broadening. It has been further shown that with the optimum choice of parameters this scheme can be efficiently used to produce electrons with energies in the range of hundreds of TeV. The quantum corrections to the Landu-Lifshitz equation of motion have also been taken into account. The difference in the energy gain...

  11. 3D cavity detection technique and its application based on cavity auto scanning laser system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Xi-ling; LI Xi-bing; LI Fa-ben; ZHAO Guo-yan; QIN Yu-hui

    2008-01-01

    Ground constructions and mines are severely threatened by underground cavities especially those unsafe or inaccessible ones. Safe and precise cavity detection is vital for reasonable cavity evaluation and disposal. The conventional cavity detection methods and their limitation were analyzed. Those methods cannot form 3D model of underground cavity which is used for instructing the cavity disposal; and their precisions in detection are always greatly affected by the geological circumstance. The importance of 3D cavity detection in metal mine for safe exploitation was pointed out; and the 3D cavity laser detection method and its principle were introduced. A cavity auto scanning laser system was recommended to actualize the cavity 3D detection after comparing with the other laser detection systems. Four boreholes were chosen to verify the validity of the cavity auto scanning laser system. The results show that the cavity auto scanning laser system is very suitable for underground 3D cavity detection, especially for those inaccessible ones.

  12. Pave the Way for Chinese Autos "Going Out

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    On behalf of the Organizing Committee of China International Auto Exhibition Tour, I would like to report and present our work of the exhibition.First, I would like to review and summarize the past China Famous Brand Auto Vietnam Show. Participants in Vietnam Show included 15 main enterprises in auto industry: China FAW Group Corporation, Yuejin Light-duty Vehicle Co., Ltd., Dongfeng Liuzhou Auto Co., Ltd., Mudan Automobiles Co., Ltd, Jiangling Auto Corporation, Hunan Changfeng Automobile Manufacturing ...

  13. An analysis on the strategic allies of auto makers in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    More than 20 years have passed since 1984 when Beiqi and AMC (became part of Chrysler in 1987) established China's first joint venture in the auto industry to produce the Jeep. The history can be divided into two phases. The 1980 witnessed a lot of technology being introduced from abroad and since the late 1990's the joint ventures have been engaged in "market for technology". The mass joint ventures have improved the entire auto industry through introducing funds, technology and management, and given im...

  14. Influence of different manipulation methods on surface roughness of auto polymerized acrylic resin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciana Borges Retamoso

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the surface roughness of acrylic resin according to the manipulation method.Methods: Sixty specimens were randomly divided into four groups (n=15 according to the manipulation method: G1 - addition with pressure, G2 - addition without pressure, G3 - mass with pressure and G4 - mass without pressure. After resin polymerization, all specimens were submitted to finishing with abrasive paper and mechanical polishing. Topographical surface analysis surfaces was performed twice on each sample using the rugosimeter. Results: The results were statistically analyzed and means were: G1 - 0,130μm; G2 - 0,120μm, G3 - 0,218μm e G4 - 0,192μm. ANOVA for one criterion and the Tukey test showed significant difference between G1 and G3, G2 and G3, G2 and G4. Conclusion: The manipulation method seems to affect the physical characteristics of auto polymerized acrylic resin. The addition manipulation method decreased the surface roughness.

  15. 基于AutoCAD的建筑信息管理工具开发%Building Information Management Tools Development Based on AutoCAD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王保国

    2013-01-01

    主要阐述基于AutoCAD的扩展数据与VBA二次开发技术,将建筑图形数据与建筑属性数据结合起来,实现基于DWG图形的建筑物属性管理,并对属性信息进行一些简单的统计工作.

  16. Implementation of Data Conversion from Dwg to Shapefile Based on AutoCAD.NET%基于AutoCAD.NET的DWG与SHAPEFILE数据转换实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李宾; 师晶; 丁文利

    2011-01-01

    在测绘工作中,绘图数据一般为DWG格式,而GIS建库项目一般采用Shapefile格式.本文基于AutoCAD.NET,实现了从DWG到Shapefile数据文件的快捷无损转换,在项目生产中具有实际意义与推广价值.

  17. 基于Auto CAD VBA的带传动应用模块开发%Application model development of the belt drive based on Auto CAD VBA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡珺; 万宇杰; 刘志刚

    2007-01-01

    研究了Auto CAD环境下实现带轮绘制以及绘图环境自动设定的详细过程,提供了一种基于VBA及ActiveX技术进行标准件的设计方法,其方法对开发其它定型机械产品CAD系统具有借鉴价值.

  18. 基于AutoLISP语言的机器人动力学仿真系统%System of Robot Dynamics Simulation Based on AutoLISP

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    易军; 丁瑜

    2013-01-01

    动力学仿真是设计机器人的关键.文章着力于开发基于AutoCAD的机器人动力学仿真系统.通过嵌套在AutoCAD内部的AutoLISP语言来构建和驱动机器人仿真模型,并能获取解决动力学问题的参数.该系统能够检测出仿真模型各个部件之间是否出现干涉,并将干涉部分立刻显示出来.当驱动的程序加载到机器人并转换成机器人的程序命令,系统将立刻成为离线程序系统.通过该系统,可以分析特定的机器人并能获得满意的效果.

  19. Auto-associative nanoelectronic neural network

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nogueira, C. P. S. M.; Guimarães, J. G. [Departamento de Engenharia Elétrica - Laboratório de Dispositivos e Circuito Integrado, Universidade de Brasília, CP 4386, CEP 70904-970 Brasília DF (Brazil)

    2014-05-15

    In this paper, an auto-associative neural network using single-electron tunneling (SET) devices is proposed and simulated at low temperature. The nanoelectronic auto-associative network is able to converge to a stable state, previously stored during training. The recognition of the pattern involves decreasing the energy of the input state until it achieves a point of local minimum energy, which corresponds to one of the stored patterns.

  20. Preliminary study on auto-electrodeposition of copper, cadmium, nickel, and cobalt in acid and glycerol medium

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.G. Viswanath

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Electrodeposition can be carried out even without corresponding metal ions in the solution, but the respective metal electrode acts as anode. This process is called auto-electrodeposition. It occurs under similar conditions applied for electrowinning or electrodeposition. The electrochemical mechanism of electrowinning and autoelectrodeposition is suggested. Hydroxyl ions play very important role in this process. In this process, a black loss deposit is formed on the anode metal. The autoelectrodeposition is combination of electrodissolution process and electrowinning process.

  1. AutoCAD 2015 and AutoCAD LT 2015 bible

    CERN Document Server

    Finkelstein, Ellen

    2014-01-01

    The perfect reference for all AutoCAD users AutoCAD 2015 and AutoCAD LT 2015 Bible is the book you want to have close at hand to answer those day-to-day questions about this industry-leading software. Author and Autodesk University instructor Ellen Finkelstein guides readers through AutoCAD 2015 and AutoCAD LT 2015 with clear, easy-to-understand instruction and hands-on tutorials that allow even total beginners to create a design on their very first day. Although simple and fundamental enough to be used by those new to CAD, the book is so comprehensive that even Autodesk power u

  2. Real-Time Dedispersion for Fast Radio Transient Surveys, using Auto Tuning on Many-Core Accelerators

    CERN Document Server

    Sclocco, Alessio; Bal, Henri E; van Nieuwpoort, Rob V

    2016-01-01

    Dedispersion, the removal of deleterious smearing of impulsive signals by the interstellar matter, is one of the most intensive processing steps in any radio survey for pulsars and fast transients. We here present a study of the parallelization of this algorithm on many-core accelerators, including GPUs from AMD and NVIDIA, and the Intel Xeon Phi. We find that dedispersion is inherently memory-bound. Even in a perfect scenario, hardware limitations keep the arithmetic intensity low, thus limiting performance. We next exploit auto-tuning to adapt dedispersion to different accelerators, observations, and even telescopes. We demonstrate that the optimal settings differ between observational setups, and that auto-tuning significantly improves performance. This impacts time-domain surveys from Apertif to SKA.

  3. Real-time dedispersion for fast radio transient surveys, using auto tuning on many-core accelerators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sclocco, A.; van Leeuwen, J.; Bal, H. E.; van Nieuwpoort, R. V.

    2016-01-01

    Dedispersion, the removal of deleterious smearing of impulsive signals by the interstellar matter, is one of the most intensive processing steps in any radio survey for pulsars and fast transients. We here present a study of the parallelization of this algorithm on many-core accelerators, including GPUs from AMD and NVIDIA, and the Intel Xeon Phi. We find that dedispersion is inherently memory-bound. Even in a perfect scenario, hardware limitations keep the arithmetic intensity low, thus limiting performance. We next exploit auto-tuning to adapt dedispersion to different accelerators, observations, and even telescopes. We demonstrate that the optimal settings differ between observational setups, and that auto-tuning significantly improves performance. This impacts time-domain surveys from Apertif to SKA.

  4. Strategic Alliance Decision-Making for the Auto Industry Base on an Integrate DEA and GM(1,1 Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nan Wang

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Strategic alliance promotes enterprise resources sharing and enhances the competitiveness of the marketplace. Therefore, finding a mutually beneficial partner to make a strategic alliance is an important issue for various industries. The aim of this paper is to propose a suitable method based on Grey theory and Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA. A method predicts future business and measure operation efficiency, by the use of critical input and output variables. From this, firms can find out their appropriate candidates. This research was implemented with realistic public data from four consecutive financial years (2009-2012 of twenty Auto Manufactures. The study tries to help target firm find the right alliance partners. The results show the most priori candidates in recent years. The study will be of interest for managers of Auto Manufacture in utilizing alliance strategy.

  5. Resource-Efficient, Hierarchical Auto-Tuning of a Hybrid Lattice Boltzmann Computation on the Cray XT4

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Computational Research Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory; NERSC, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory; Computer Science Department, University of California, Berkeley; Williams, Samuel; Carter, Jonathan; Oliker, Leonid; Shalf, John; Yelick, Katherine

    2009-05-04

    We apply auto-tuning to a hybrid MPI-pthreads lattice Boltzmann computation running on the Cray XT4 at National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC). Previous work showed that multicore-specific auto-tuning can improve the performance of lattice Boltzmann magnetohydrodynamics (LBMHD) by a factor of 4x when running on dual- and quad-core Opteron dual-socket SMPs. We extend these studies to the distributed memory arena via a hybrid MPI/pthreads implementation. In addition to conventional auto-tuning at the local SMP node, we tune at the message-passing level to determine the optimal aspect ratio as well as the correct balance between MPI tasks and threads per MPI task. Our study presents a detailed performance analysis when moving along an isocurve of constant hardware usage: fixed total memory, total cores, and total nodes. Overall, our work points to approaches for improving intra- and inter-node efficiency on large-scale multicore systems for demanding scientific applications.

  6. Effect of surface treatment methods on the shear bond strength of auto-polymerized resin to thermoplastic denture base polymer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koodaryan, Roodabeh

    2016-01-01

    PURPOSE Polyamide polymers do not provide sufficient bond strength to auto-polymerized resins for repairing fractured denture or replacing dislodged denture teeth. Limited treatment methods have been developed to improve the bond strength between auto-polymerized reline resins and polyamide denture base materials. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effect of surface modification by acetic acid on surface characteristics and bond strength of reline resin to polyamide denture base. MATERIALS AND METHODS 84 polyamide specimens were divided into three surface treatment groups (n=28): control (N), silica-coated (S), and acid-treated (A). Two different auto-polymerized reline resins GC and Triplex resins were bonded to the samples (subgroups T and G, respectively, n=14). The specimens were subjected to shear bond strength test after they were stored in distilled water for 1 week and thermo-cycled for 5000 cycles. Data were analyzed with independent t-test, two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), and Tukey's post hoc multiple comparison test (α=.05). RESULTS The bond strength values of A and S were significantly higher than those of N (P<.001 for both). However, statistically significant difference was not observed between group A and group S. According to the independent Student's t-test, the shear bond strength values of AT were significantly higher than those of AG (P<.001). CONCLUSION The surface treatment of polyamide denture base materials with acetic acid may be an efficient and cost-effective method for increasing the shear bond strength to auto-polymerized reline resin. PMID:28018569

  7. Regulation of muscle contraction by Ca2+ and ADP: focusing on the auto-oscillation (SPOC).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ishiwata, Shin'ichi; Shimamoto, Yuta; Suzuki, Madoka; Sasaki, Daisuke

    2007-01-01

    A molecular motor in striated muscle, myosin II, is a non-processive motor that is unable to perform physiological functions as a single molecule and acts as an assembly of molecules. It is widely accepted that a myosin II motor is an independent force generator; the force generated at a steady state is usually considered to be a simple sum of those generated by each motor. This is the case at full activation (pCa SPOC (SPontaneous Oscillatory Contraction), when the activation level is intermediate between those of contraction and relaxation (that is, at the intermediate level of pCa, 5-6, for cardiac muscle, or at the coexistence of MgATP, MgADP and inorganic phosphate (Pi) at higher pCa (> 7) for both skeletal and cardiac muscles). Here, we summarize the characteristics of SPOC phenomena, especially focusing on the physiological significance of SPOC in cardiac muscle. We propose a new concept that the auto-oscillatory property, which is inherent to the contractile system of cardiac muscle, underlies the molecular mechanism of heartbeat. Additionally, we briefly describe the dynamic properties of the thin filaments, i.e., the Ca(2+)-dependent flexibility change of the thin filaments, which may be the basis for the SPOC phenomena. We also describe a newly developed experimental system named "bio-nanomuscle," in which tension is asserted on a single reconstituted thin filament by interacting with crossbridges in the A-band composed of the thick filament lattice. This newly devised hybrid system is expected to fill the gap between the single-molecule level and the muscle system.

  8. 38 CFR 21.4265 - Practical training approved as institutional training or on-job training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...) The clinical training is; (a) An integral part of the course; (b) A prerequisite to the successful... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Practical training approved as institutional training or on-job training. 21.4265 Section 21.4265 Pensions, Bonuses,...

  9. Chinese Auto's Production & Sales Dropped on a Month-on-month Basis in October%Chinese Auto's Production & Sales Dropped on a Month-on-month Basis in October

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ming Xuan

    2011-01-01

    In October, the production and sales of Chinese auto de- creased a little compared with that of last month, with most auto models worse than that of last month; the production and sale were over 15 million units from January to October, which dropped a little of the month-on-month growth compared with that of 9 months before. Details are as follows:

  10. 基于AutoCAD的计算机辅助人机工程软件%Computer Aided Ergonomic Design Softeware Based on AutoCAD Platform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    常宗瑜; 徐长密; 谭登山; 朱春涛; 潘同庆

    2009-01-01

    采用计算机模型来进行人-机器-环境系统的模拟,不仅可以直观地显示它们之间的三维位置,而且可以大大降低人机系统的研发时间.文章简要介绍了以AutoCAD为基础开发了计算机辅助人机工程系统的过程,本系统通过从Access数据库中读入人体的主要尺寸,在AutoCAD中建立人体模型,并利用程序语言Visual Basic对模型进行修改和运动仿真,集成了数据库、计算机辅助设计软件、程序设计软件的功能.本系统能在一定程度上实现人体测量、人的行为分析、作业任务、姿态分析、碰撞探测等工作.

  11. Experimental Research on the Laser Cyclotron Auto-Resonance Accelerator “LACARA”

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marshall, T C

    2008-11-11

    The Laser Cyclotron Auto-Resonant Accelerator LACARA has successfully operated this year. Results are summarized, an interpretation of operating data is provided in the body of the report, and recommendations are made how the experiment should be carried forward. The Appendix A contains a description of the LACARA apparatus, currently installed at the Accelerator Test Facility, Brookhaven National Laboratory. This report summarizes the project, extending over three grant-years.

  12. PERFORMING [AUTO] ETHNOGRAPHY POLITICALLY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Norman K. Denzin

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Building on earlier arguments, I propose a civic, publicly responsable [auto] ethnography that addresses the central issues of self, race, gender, class, society, and democracy.  I begin with pedagogies of hope and the sociological and ethnographic imaginations.  I turn then to the ethnographer and cultural studies, reviewing several models of critical ethnography. I next examine critical performance pedagogy, politics, and critical race theory, and conclude with a brief discussion of the practices of a performative cultural politics.

  13. Development of AutoCAD Intermediate Circular Arc Command Based on VBA%基于 VBA 的 AutoCAD 中间圆弧命令开发

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毕亚东

    2015-01-01

    The paper uses the strong secondary development function of AutoCAD software to study the common issue of drawing inter-mediate circular arc in engineering drawing,and deduces a mathematical model to solve the problem.It designs the process diagram u-sing VBA programming language,and writes command procedures and user interface.Based on examples,it is indicated that the com-mand is easy to use and could draw intermediate arc conveniently.Compared with the conventional method using auxiliary lines,draw-ing efficiency is greatly improved,the workload of drawing staff is reduced and their work efficiency is improved.The order also extends the function of AutoCAD drawing circles.%利用 AutoCAD 软件强大的二次开发功能,对在工程制图中常见的中间圆弧绘制问题进行研究,推导出解决绘制该圆问题的数学模型。并设计了程序框图,使用 VBA 编程语言,编写出命令程序和用户界面。通过实例验证,得出该命令使用方便,并能快捷地绘制中间圆弧。与常规辅助线绘制方法相比,绘图效率大大提高,减轻绘图人员的工作负担,提高了工作效率。该命令也扩充了 AutoCAD 绘圆功能。

  14. AutoCAD 2015 and AutoCAD LT 2015

    CERN Document Server

    Gladfelter, Donnie

    2014-01-01

    Learn AutoCAD by example with this tutorial-based guide from Autodesk Official Press Whether you are just starting out or an experienced user wanting to brush up on your skills, this Autodesk Official Press book provides you with concise explanations, focused examples, and step-by-step instructions through a hands-on tutorial project that runs throughout the book. As you progress through the project, the book introduces you to the Microsoft Windows-based AutoCAD interface and then guides you through basic commands and creating drawings. A downloadable file is available from the website so that

  15. Auto Safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... placed in different positions depending on a child's age: They face toward the rear until a baby is ready ... child's shoulder, staying clear of the neck and face. Shoulder and lap belts should always lie flat, never twisted. Kids this age can begin to understand the importance of buckling ...

  16. 使用VBA方法在AutoCAD上实现有限元网格划分%Developing CAE Software Using VBA on AutoCAD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史桂蓉; 田晓东; 张永清

    2001-01-01

    提出了使用VBA和面向对象的思想,在AutoCAD上开发有限元网格划分程序的方法。本程序通过平铺法实现自动三角形网格划分,并可以用两种方法把三角形网格转化为四边形网格:合并法和分割法。文中详细分析了VBA面向对象的数据组织方法。实践证明VBA是一种方便、快捷、实用的二次开发工具。

  17. Educating for Vocational Excellence: The Auto/Biographical Exploration of Enacted Craft Pedagogy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tyson, Ruhi

    2015-01-01

    The focus of this article is on education for vocational excellence (the combination of virtue and good judgment or phronesis/practical wisdom) through an examination of episodes from the auto/biographical study of master craftsman Wolfgang B. Vocational excellence is an issue sometimes discussed with regard to teacher training for schools and…

  18. MOLA: a bootable, self-configuring system for virtual screening using AutoDock4/Vina on computer clusters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abreu Rui MV

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Virtual screening of small molecules using molecular docking has become an important tool in drug discovery. However, large scale virtual screening is time demanding and usually requires dedicated computer clusters. There are a number of software tools that perform virtual screening using AutoDock4 but they require access to dedicated Linux computer clusters. Also no software is available for performing virtual screening with Vina using computer clusters. In this paper we present MOLA, an easy-to-use graphical user interface tool that automates parallel virtual screening using AutoDock4 and/or Vina in bootable non-dedicated computer clusters. Implementation MOLA automates several tasks including: ligand preparation, parallel AutoDock4/Vina jobs distribution and result analysis. When the virtual screening project finishes, an open-office spreadsheet file opens with the ligands ranked by binding energy and distance to the active site. All results files can automatically be recorded on an USB-flash drive or on the hard-disk drive using VirtualBox. MOLA works inside a customized Live CD GNU/Linux operating system, developed by us, that bypass the original operating system installed on the computers used in the cluster. This operating system boots from a CD on the master node and then clusters other computers as slave nodes via ethernet connections. Conclusion MOLA is an ideal virtual screening tool for non-experienced users, with a limited number of multi-platform heterogeneous computers available and no access to dedicated Linux computer clusters. When a virtual screening project finishes, the computers can just be restarted to their original operating system. The originality of MOLA lies on the fact that, any platform-independent computer available can he added to the cluster, without ever using the computer hard-disk drive and without interfering with the installed operating system. With a cluster of 10 processors, and a

  19. Statistical early-warning indicators based on Auto-Regressive Moving-Average processes

    CERN Document Server

    Faranda, Davide; Dubrulle, Bérengère

    2014-01-01

    We address the problem of defining early warning indicators of critical transition. To this purpose, we fit the relevant time series through a class of linear models, known as Auto-Regressive Moving-Average (ARMA(p,q)) models. We define two indicators representing the total order and the total persistence of the process, linked, respectively, to the shape and to the characteristic decay time of the autocorrelation function of the process. We successfully test the method to detect transitions in a Langevin model and a 2D Ising model with nearest-neighbour interaction. We then apply the method to complex systems, namely for dynamo thresholds and financial crisis detection.

  20. Support Vector Regression Model Based on Empirical Mode Decomposition and Auto Regression for Electric Load Forecasting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hong-Juan Li

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Electric load forecasting is an important issue for a power utility, associated with the management of daily operations such as energy transfer scheduling, unit commitment, and load dispatch. Inspired by strong non-linear learning capability of support vector regression (SVR, this paper presents a SVR model hybridized with the empirical mode decomposition (EMD method and auto regression (AR for electric load forecasting. The electric load data of the New South Wales (Australia market are employed for comparing the forecasting performances of different forecasting models. The results confirm the validity of the idea that the proposed model can simultaneously provide forecasting with good accuracy and interpretability.

  1. Contrasting cultures’ impact on international mergers/acquisitions in auto industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张鹏飞

    2012-01-01

      This research seeks to investigate the extent to which cultural differences lead to IMAs’ failures, and to identify the primary factors result in IMAs’ failures from cultural perspective. The research has critically analyzed contrasting cultures’ influence to IMAs’ failures and discovered other determinants, which pinpoints the potential problems in IMAs in auto industry. The literature review chapter allows relevant literatures like Hofstede’s framework to be selected in current research. It is proved that cultural difference; national culture in particular, is just a necessary variable to IMAs’ failures but not the only determinant.

  2. Chinese Autos at Fancy Prices

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LURUCAI

    2003-01-01

    MR. Wang waited two years to buy a car in the expectation that prices would fall on China's entering the WTO. This was not, however, the case. Cars are as costly as ever. Auto trade dealers know all too well the consumer wait-and-see approach to car purchases. One dealer at the

  3. The Example to Application of the Project Teaching Method in the Course of AutoCAD%例说项目教学法在AutoCAD课程中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何国辉

    2013-01-01

    This paper, which mainly takes the teaching process of the knowledge of mechanical parts in AutoCAD drawing as an example, discusses the application of the project teaching method. Through the application effect in the course of AutoCAD, this paper focuses on the teaching principle of the project teach-ing method, which is training mainly by theory, intensive.%  本文主要以AutoCAD中机械装配图的画法这一知识点的教学过程为例,对项目教学法的应用进行探讨。通过在AutoCAD课程中的应用效果,重点阐述了项目教学法的实训为主、理论为辅、精讲多练的教学原则。

  4. Directly Generating the NC Machining Program from AutoCAD Graph

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    One kind of auto-programming method directly gener at ing the NC machining program by AutoCAD graph is discussed in this article. Firs tly, the article discusses the open type graphic interface of AutoCAD. Then the graphic export among the AutoCAD, the adding of process information and the data storage, as well as technology of generating NC program has been introduced . Finally, a NC auto-programming system GAPS based on AutoCAD graph is develope d. The tendency of auto-programming is graphic auto-pro...

  5. Influence of fuel ratios on auto combustion synthesis of barium ferrite nano particles

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    D Bahadur; S Rajakumar; Ankit Kumar

    2006-01-01

    Single-domain barium ferrite nano particles have been synthesized with narrow particle-size distribution using an auto combustion technique. In this process, citric acid was used as a fuel. Ratios of cation to fuel were maintained variously at 1 : 1, 1 : 2 and 1 : 3. The pH was 7 in all cases. Of all three cases, a cation to citric acid ratio of 1 : 2 gives better yield in the formation of crystalline and single domain particles with a narrow range of size distribution. Most particles are in the range of 80 to 100 nm. Maximum magnetization and coercivity values are also greater for 1 : 2 ratios. These values measured at room temperature are found to be 55 emu/gram and 5000 Oe respectively. XPS and ESR studies support the results.

  6. A mobile auto-focus actuator based on a rotary VCM with the zero holding current.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Kyung-Ho; Lee, Seung-Yop; Kim, Sookyung

    2009-03-30

    In this work, an auto-focus actuator moving lens in mobile phone cameras is developed by applying a rotary VCM (voice coil motor). A novel inclined cam structure is used to convert the rotational motion by the VCM by into the linear motion of the focusing lens. The new focusing design enables the zero holding current required to maintain the lens module in the focusing position as well as the reduction of the module thickness. This paper presents the theoretical analysis and optimal design for the VCM actuator, cam structure and preload spring. We manufacture a prototype module with the size of 9.9x9.9x5.9 mm(3). The experimental results agree with the theoretical predictions and meet the required specifications for mobile camera applications.

  7. Acoustic analysis of lightweight auto-body based on finite element method and boundary element method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIANG Xinhua; ZHU Ping; LIN Zhongqin; ZHANG Yan

    2007-01-01

    A lightweight automotive prototype using alter- native materials and gauge thickness is studied by a numeri- cal method. The noise, vibration, and harshness (NVH) performance is the main target of this study. In the range of 1-150 Hz, the frequency response function (FRF) of the body structure is calculated by a finite element method (FEM) to get the dynamic behavior of the auto-body structure. The pressure response of the interior acoustic domain is solved by a boundary element method (BEM). To find the most contrib- uting panel to the inner sound pressure, the panel acoustic contribution analysis (PACA) is performed. Finally, the most contributing panel is located and the resulting structural optimization is found to be more efficient.

  8. Parametric Aided Design System of Axle Based on AutoCAD VBA%基于AutoCAD VBA的参数化辅助轴设计系统

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王鹏

    2014-01-01

    Based on the AutoCAD ActiveX and VBA technology, a kind of parametric aided design system of axle is developed through carrying out the secondary development on AutoCAD. It could complete the axle’s design checking to the theory of axle’s strength. And it would generate the drawing of the axle automatically according to the users’ inputted parameters. In order to realize the automation of the process of axle’ s aided design, structural design, data processing and inquiring, mechanical calculation, strength checking and parametric drawing modules are integrated to axle aided design system, which based on the theory of solid modeling of feature and the technology of dimension-driving. The system can reduce the workload of designers effectively, improve design quality and efficiency, and have certain applicable value.%基于AutoCAD ActiveX和VBA技术,通过对AutoCAD进行二次开发,构建了一种轴的参数化辅助设计系统。系统能按照用户输入的相关参数,根据轴的强度校核理论完成轴的设计工作,最终自动生成零件图。为了实现轴的辅助设计流程的自动化,系统集成了结构设计、数据处理与查询、力学计算、强度校核和参数化绘图等模块,同时,利用基于特征实体造型理论和参数化尺寸驱动技术进行系统的开发。该系统可有效减少设计人员的工作量、提高设计质量和设计效率,具有一定的应用价值。

  9. 基于AutoLisp齿轮参数化绘图命令的二次开发%Secondary development of gear parametric drawing commands based on AutoLisp

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡志刚; 常丰森

    2014-01-01

    In this paper,Lisp secondary development of gear parametric drawing system in machine design was analysed,developing steps for global functional design was given which comprised the self definition method of user interface of gear drawing commands,developing steps of parametric drawing commands of cylindrical,bevel and worm gear and basic dimensions & parameters input method.It was given that the dialogue box DCL definition of parametric entering interface of single gear and mesh drawing,the programme design method of secondary development of parametric drawing commands based on AutoLisp was delivered with some key program sections given,an instance application about gear parametric drawing was made to identify the programme running result.%对机械设计中常用的齿轮参数化绘图系统的Lisp二次开发进行了分析,给出了整体功能设计的开发步骤,涵盖了齿轮绘图命令用户界面的自定义方法,基于AutoLisp圆柱齿轮、圆锥齿轮和蜗轮蜗杆参数化绘图命令的设计思路和基本尺寸参数输入方式几个方面;给出了基于DCL语言的单个齿轮零件图和齿轮啮合图的对话框参数输入界面的设计和基于AutoLisp参数化绘图命令二次开发的程序设计方法及关键程序段,并给出具体的应用实例。

  10. 基于AutoCAD的鞋类均质材料排料系统研究%Research on AutoCAD-based Layout System of Footwear Homogeneous Materials

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周素静

    2013-01-01

    at present,the enterprise in order to adapt to the current made shoes fierce competition market,improve the footwear production efficiency,reduce cost,shoemaking enterprise has gradually will computer aided technology used in the process of discharge again to foreign and domestic footwear CAD software related discharge problems on the basis of application and research,combined with the discharge theory,the effective use of the minimum envelope principle of moment,at the same time analyzed the footwear homogeneous material process computer realization method,the use of Visual LISP programming language in about Auto-CAD,realize effective tried about Auto-CAD in footwear homogeneous material discharge system,the application of this system achieve the desired results,is needed to discharge the most basic function and function.%  目前造鞋企业为了适应当前激烈的竞争市场,提高鞋品生产效率,降低成本,制鞋企业已经逐渐将计算机辅助技术使用在排料的过程中,在国外和国内鞋类CAD软件中相关的排料问题的应用及研究的基础之上,结合排料理论,有效地使用最小包络矩原理,分析了鞋类均质材料过程中计算机实现方法,使用Visual LISP编程语言在Auto-CAD中实现,有效地尝试了Auto-CAD在鞋类均质材料排料系统中的应用,此系统达到了预期效果,具有排料所需最基本的作用和功能。

  11. 城市道路交通对汽车产业的影响%The Influence of Urban Road Traffic on Auto Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏秉瑞

    2014-01-01

    This article mainly discusses the development current situation of urban road traffic, the promotion of auto industry for the development urban road traffic and the pro-motion of urban road traffic for auto industry, and compreh-ensive analyzes and forecasts the effects of urban road traffic on the auto industry.%本文围绕我国城市道路交通发展现状、汽车产业对于城市交通道路发展的促进作用、城市交通道路对汽车产业的促进作用三大方面展开讨论,对城市道路交通对汽车产业的影响进行了全面地分析和预测。

  12. Study on Flexible Application of CHM Help File under AutoCAD Platform%CHM帮助文件在AutoCAD平台下灵活运用的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔博

    2013-01-01

    基于AutoCAD平台进行二次开发,将各种工程规范制作成CHM帮助文件形式,通过对AutoCAD自定义菜单的制作,将帮助文件加载入AutoCAD界面,实现在cad平台下直接调用各种规范.

  13. Impact of a computer-based auto-tutorial program on parasitology test scores of four consecutive classes of veterinary medical students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinckney, R D; Mealy, M J; Thomas, C B; MacWilliams, P S

    2001-01-01

    A "Hard and Soft Tick" auto-tutorial that integrates basic knowledge of the parasite biology with practical aspects of tick identification, clinical presentation, pathology, disease transmission, treatment, and control was developed at the University of Wisconsin-Madison School of Veterinary Medicine. The purpose of this study was to assess impact of the auto-tutorial on parasitology test scores in four classes (1999, 2000, 2001, and 2002) of veterinary students. The analysis revealed a small but significant increase (p = 0.054) in mean percentage examination scores for students who used the tutorial over those who did not.

  14. Evaluation of the behavior of ceramic powders under mechanical vibration and its effect on the mechanics of auto-granulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ku, Nicholas

    In ceramic powder processing, the correlations between the constituent particles and the product structure-property outcomes are well established. However, the influence of static powder properties on the dynamic bulk powder behavior in such advance powder processes remains elusive. A multi-scale evaluation is necessary to understand the full effects of the particle ensemble on the bulk powder behavior, ranging from the particle micro-scale to the bulk powder macro-scale. Fine powders, with particle size of 10 ?m or less, often exhibit cohesive behavior. Cohesion in powders can cause poor flowability, affect agglomerate formation, as well as induce powder caking, all of which can be detrimental to the processing of the powders and/or final product structure-property outcomes. For this reason, it is critical to correlate the causal properties of the powders to this detrimental behavior. In this study, the bulk behavior of ceramic powders is observed under a simple powder process: harmonic, mechanical vibration. Four powder samples, two titania and two alumina powders, were studied. The main difference between the two powder variants of each material is particle size. The two alumina (Al2O3) powder samples had a primary particle size at 50% less than, or d50 of, 0.5 and 2.3 microm and the titania (TiO2) powder samples had a d 50 particle size of 0.1 and 1 microm. Due to mechanical vibration, the titania powder variant with a primary particle size of 0.1 microm exhibited a clustering behavior known as auto-granulation. Auto-granulation is the growth of particle clusters within a dry, fine powder bed without the addition of any binder or liquid to the system. The amplitude and frequency of the mechanical vibration was varied to view the effect on the equilibrium granule size and density. Furthermore, imaging of cross-sections of the granules was conducted to provide insight into to the internal microstructure and measure the packing fraction of the constituent

  15. 基于AutoCAD VBA的摆线齿锥齿轮实体三维仿真的实现%3D simulation for extended epicycloids bevel gear entity based on AutoCAD VBA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王强锋; 杨勇; 李海宁; 陈玉明; 陈超锋

    2011-01-01

    AutoCAD VBA为基础对摆线齿锥齿轮实体进行了三维仿真;分析了摆线齿锥齿轮实体建模的基本原理;详细阐述了摆线齿锥齿轮建模基本过程,包括绘制锥齿轮齿坯实体刀具路径的形成、绘制产形冠轮单个轮齿实体、摆线齿锥齿轮三维实体的生成等;对实体建模过程中应考虑的问题作了分析;为摆线齿锥齿轮的研究和计算提出了一种新的思路.%In this paper, the extended epicycloids bevel gear entity is 3d simulated based on AutoCAD VBA. The basic principle of three-dimensional simulation of extended epicycloids bevel gear entity is analyzed. The basic process of extended epicycloids bevel gear modeling is described in detail, including drawing tool path of bevel gear blank, drawing single tooth of generating, generating 3d entity of extended epicycloids bevel gear and so on. The problems that should be considered in the process of modeling are analyzed. It proposed a new idea for the research and calculation of the extended epicycloids bevel gear entity.

  16. Fault tolerant control of multivariable processes using auto-tuning PID controller.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Ding-Li; Chang, T K; Yu, Ding-Wen

    2005-02-01

    Fault tolerant control of dynamic processes is investigated in this paper using an auto-tuning PID controller. A fault tolerant control scheme is proposed composing an auto-tuning PID controller based on an adaptive neural network model. The model is trained online using the extended Kalman filter (EKF) algorithm to learn system post-fault dynamics. Based on this model, the PID controller adjusts its parameters to compensate the effects of the faults, so that the control performance is recovered from degradation. The auto-tuning algorithm for the PID controller is derived with the Lyapunov method and therefore, the model predicted tracking error is guaranteed to converge asymptotically. The method is applied to a simulated two-input two-output continuous stirred tank reactor (CSTR) with various faults, which demonstrate the applicability of the developed scheme to industrial processes.

  17. Design on Auto-test System of UAV Datalink%无人机数据链自动测试系统设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁于胜; 王洪琳

    2014-01-01

    分析了目前无人机数据链系统自动测试的需求与实现方式。针对越来越复杂的数据链系统对自动测试的迫切需求,给出了一种基于自动测试软件为核心的由各个测试仪器所组成的自动测试系统。介绍了自动测试系统的工作原理和框架、工作流程以及软件设计。该自动测试系统已经在无人机数据链系统中得到可靠验证。论述了系统的低成本、高效率的特点,分析了自动测试系统的发展趋势。%This paper analyzes the auto-test requirements and implementation methods of modern UAV datalink system.Aiming at the urgent needs for auto-test of more and more complex datalink system,this paper proposes an advanced auto-test system composed of several test equipment and based on auto-test software.It introduces the operating principle,framework,work flow and software design of auto-test system.This auto-test system has been verified reliably in UAV datalink system.At last this paper summarizes such characteris-tics as low cost and high efficiency and analyzes the development trend of this system.

  18. Tagaotsitav "Auto" / Kristiina Vaarik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaarik, Kristiina

    2001-01-01

    Chris O'Connelli "Auto" Vanemuises, lavastaja Mark Babych. Etendusele tegid muusika ansamblist Bizarre tuntud muusikud Tristan Priimägi ja Lauri Liivak, kes artiklis sellest räägivad. Esietendus 2. detsembril 2000

  19. Inventory on cleaner production education and training

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Michael Søgaard; Pöyry, Sirkka; Huisingh, Donald;

    Analysis and presentation of the data from an international inventory on cleaner production education and training......Analysis and presentation of the data from an international inventory on cleaner production education and training...

  20. VC与AutoCAD下建造级进模排样图形专家系统%The Graphic Expert System of Progressive Die Strip Based on VC and Auto CAD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘占军; 陈伟

    2001-01-01

    This paper puts foward a complex strip design of progressive die based on person computer. The design method adopts VC 6.0 and AutoCAD2000, which own facing future and intellectualized easiest design environments. The graphic expert system of progressive die strip possess the expression of graphic knowledge, inference, graphic model and imput model.%在总结级进模排样图形设计方案的前提下,综合利用VC6.0与AutoCAD2000软件具有面向未来、智能化轻松设计环境的特色,提出了为广大模具设计人员借助个人电脑输入生成级进模复杂排样图形的设计方案。设计了具有图形知识表示、推理机、图形模块和输入法模块的级进模排样图形专家系统。

  1. Why trains stay on tracks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shayak, B.

    2017-03-01

    In this article, we give both qualitative and quantitative explanations of why a train stays on its track, in spite of perturbations that could cause it to derail. We show that train stability originates from the conical shape of the wheels, which gives rise to a restoring normal force in response to a lateral disturbance. We first demonstrate translational stabilization in a simple situation where the rails are assumed frictionless and the steering motion of the wheel is neglected. We then develop a more comprehensive model, taking friction and steering into account. We show that rolling friction couples the rotational motion to the translational motion, enhancing overall stability. Finally, we find approximate formulae for the parameters governing stability, and show good agreement with parameters of a real railway coach.

  2. A New Audio Steganography System Based on Auto-Key Generator

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inas Jawad Kadhim

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Stenography is the art of hiding the very presence of communication by embedding secret message into innocuous looking cover document, such as digital image, videos, sound files, and other computer files that contain perceptually irrelevant or redundant information as covers or carriers to hide secret messages.In this paper, a new Least Significant Bit (LSB nonsequential embedding technique in wave audio files is introduced. To support the immunity of proposed hiding system, and in order to recover some weak aspect inherent with the pure implementation of stego-systems, some auxiliary processes were suggested and investigated including the use of hidden text jumping process and stream ciphering algorithm. Besides, the suggested system used self crypto-hiding pseudo random key generator. The auto-key generator has purposes to investigate the encryption and embedding processes .The hiding results shows no noise in the stego-wave file after embedding process, also no difference in size is found between the original wave audio file and stego-wave file.

  3. Generalizacija linija i AutoCAD Map

    OpenAIRE

    Vučetić, Nada; Lapaine, Miljenko

    2001-01-01

    The paper offers the results of original research made on the application of AutoCAD Map in line generalisation. The differences and similarities have been found out between the Douglas-Peucker method and the method of line simplification that is incorporated in AutoCAD Map. There have been also the inaccuracies found out in AutoCAD Map manual relating to the issues of buffer width and tolerance, and the line width before and after simplification. The paper gives recommendations about pseudo ...

  4. Line Generalization and AutoCAD Map

    OpenAIRE

    Nada Vučetić; Miljenko Lapaine

    2001-01-01

    The paper offers the results of original research made on the application of AutoCAD Map in line generalisation. The differences and similarities have been found out between the Douglas-Peucker method and the method of line simplification that is incorporated in AutoCAD Map. There have been also the inaccuracies found out in AutoCAD Map manual relating to the issues of buffer width and tolerance, and the line width before and after simplification. The paper gives recommendations about pseudo ...

  5. 基于AutoCAD的箱包结构设计插件的研发与应用%Research on the Box Structure Design Plug-in Based on the AutoCAD and Its Application Prospect

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王立新; 邓星亮; 周喜旺; 周意斐

    2013-01-01

    Application effect and application technology of softwares for different case and bag design were compared. The advantages of AutoCAD for case and bag structural design were analyzed. The feasibility of AutoCAD plug-in development and its application prospects in case and bag design were presented in details.%比较研究了现行箱包设计软件的应用现状和应用技术,分析了AutoCAD在箱包结构设计中运用的优势,详细论述了AutoCAD插件开发的可行性及在箱包设计中的应用前景.

  6. 2.7-4.0 GHz PLL with dual-mode auto frequency calibration for navigation system on chip

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈志坚; 蔡敏; 贺小勇; 徐肯

    2016-01-01

    A 2.7−4.0 GHz dual-mode auto frequency calibration (AFC) fast locking PLL was designed for navigation system on chip (SoC). The SoC was composed of one radio frequency (RF) receiver, one baseband and several system control parts. In the proposed AFC block, both analog and digital modes were designed to complete the AFC process. In analog mode, the analog part sampled and detected the charge pump output tuning voltage, which would give the indicator to digital part to adjust the voltage control oscillator (VCO) capacitor bank. In digital mode, the digital part counted the phase lock loop (PLL) divided clock to judge whether VCO frequency was fast or slow. The analog and digital modes completed the auto frequency calibration function independently by internal switch. By designing a special switching algorithm, the switch of the digital and analog mode could be realized anytime during the lock and unlock detecting process for faster and more stable locking. This chip is fabricated in 0.13μm RF complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) process, and the VCO supports the frequency range from 2.7 to 4.0 GHz. Tested 3.96 GHz frequency phase noise is−90 dBc/Hz@100 kHz frequency offset and−120 dBc/Hz@1 MHz frequency offset. By using the analog mode in lock detection and digital mode in unlock detection, tested AFC time is less than 9μs and the total PLL lock time is less than 19μs. The SoC acquisition and tracking sensitivity are about−142 dBm and−155 dBm, respectively. The area of the proposed PLL is 0.35 mm2 and the total SoC area is about 9.6 mm2.

  7. On an Auto-B(a)cklund Transformation for (2+1)-Dimensional Variable Coefficient Generalized KP Equations and Exact Solutions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    BAI Cheng-Jie; BAI Cheng-Lin; HAN Ji-Guang; ZHAO Hong

    2005-01-01

    By the application of the extended homogeneous balance method, we derive an auto-Backlund transformation (BT) for (2+1)-dimensional variable coefficient generalized KP equations. Based on the BT, in which there are two homogeneity equations to be solved, we obtain some exact solutions containing single solitary waves.

  8. EU-FP7-iMars: Analysis of Mars Multi-Resolution Images using Auto-Coregistration, Data Mining and Crowd Source Techniques: One year on with a focus on auto-DTM, auto-coregistration and citizen science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muller, Jan-Peter; Sidiropoulos, Panagiotis; Yershov, Vladimir; Gwinner, Klaus; van Gasselt, Stephan; Walter, Sebastian; Ivanov, Anton; Morley, Jeremy; Sprinks, James; Houghton, Robert; Bamford, Stephen; Kim, Jung-Rack

    2015-04-01

    series. Within the iMars project (http://i-Mars.eu), a fully automated large-scale processing ("Big Data") solution has been developed to generate the best possible multi-resolution DTM of Mars co-registered to the DLR HRSC (50-100m grid) products with those from CTX (6-20m grid, loc.cit.) and HiRISE (1-3m grids) on a large-scale linux cluster based at MSSL with 224 cores and 0.25 Pb of storage. The HRSC products are employed to provide a geographic reference for all current, future and historical NASA products using automated co-registration based on feature points. Results of this automated co-registration and subsequent automated DTM will be shown. The metadata already available for all orbital imagery acquired to date, with poor georeferencing information, has been employed to determine the "sweet spots" which have long time series of measurements with different spatial resolution ranges over the last ≈50 years of observations and these will be shown. Starting in July 2015, as much of the entire NASA and ESA record of orbital images will be co-registered and the updated georeferencing information employed to generate a time series of terrain relief corrected orthorectified images (ORIs) back to 1977. Web-GIS using OGC protocols will be employed to allow exploration visually of changes of the surface. An example of this will be shown for the latest DLR HRSC DTMs at 100m and BRDF-corrected surface reflectance at 1km. Data mining processing algorithms are being developed to search for changes in the Martian surface from 1971-2015 and the output of this data mining will be compared against the results from citizen scientists' measurements in a specialised Zooniverse implementation. The results of an analysis of existing citizen science projects and lessons learnt for iMars will be shown. Final co-registered data sets will be distributed through both European and US channels in a manner to be decided towards the end of the project. The resultant co-registered image

  9. AutoCAD 2012 and AutoCAD LT 2012 Bible

    CERN Document Server

    Finkelstein, Ellen

    2011-01-01

    The latest version of this perennial favorite, in-depth, reference-tutorial This top-selling book has been updated by AutoCAD guru and author Ellen Finkelstein to provide you with the very latest coverage of both AutoCAD 2012 and AutoCAD LT 2012. It begins with a Quick Start tutorial, so you start creating right away. From there, the book covers so much in-depth material on AutoCAD that it is said that even Autodesk employees keep this comprehensive book at their desks. A DVD is included that features before-and-after drawings of all the tutorials and plenty of great examples from AutoCAD prof

  10. Research on the Standardization of Logistics Distribution of Auto Parts%汽车零配件的标准化物流配送研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈晖

    2015-01-01

    汽车物流是涉及面最广、技术复杂程度最高的领域之一,而零配件物流配送又是物流系统持续优化的关键环节。优化汽车零配件物流配送是降低其生产成本和提高市场竞争力的重要砝码。文中分析了我国汽车零部件物流配送的特点及存在的问题,提出了基于3PL的汽车零部件标准化物流配送运作模式。%Motor Logistic is one of the most extensive and complicated technique fields,and auto parts is the key section to ensure continuously improvement of the motor logistic system.Optimization of logistics distribution of auto parts is the important counter to reduce the manufacturing cost and improve the market competence.In this thesis, analyzing the characteristic and existing problem for China logistics distribution of auto parts,then create the operation model for the standardization of logistics distribution of auto parts based on 3PL.

  11. Auto Technology Exhibition in Tianjing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    @@ The 4th International Automotive Technology Exhibition Tianjing2009,jointly hosted by the Society of Automotive Engineers of China(SAE-China),China Automotive Technology and Research Center(CATRC)and Tianjin Economic-Technological Development Area(TETD),is to be held in Tianjin Binhai International Convention and Exhibition Center from August 27 to August 30 this year.In line with China's national 11th Five-year Plan,The Automobile Industry Revitalization and Adjustments Planning and The Equipment Manufacturing Revitalization and Adjustments Planning,this Exhibition,centered on the theme of automobile and equipment manufacturing,arranges the exhibition halls respectively for private autos,commercial autos and equipment manufacturing etc.

  12. NDRC Issued Opinions to Regulate Auto Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ In view of the surplus of China's auto in dustry production capacity, and the situation may get intensified, the National Development and Reform Commission(NDRC) recently issued the implementation opinions for auto industry to deal with the surplus of production capacity, and expedite the structural adjustment based on the relevant dispose of the State Council's notice about expediting the structural adjustment of the industries with surplus production capacity.

  13. Influence of ribs on train aerodynamic performances

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MIAO Xiu-juan; GAO Guang-jun

    2015-01-01

    The influence of ribs on the train aerodynamic performance was computed using detached eddy simulation (DES), and the transient iteration was solved by the dual-time step lower-upper symmetric Gauss-Seidel (LU-SGS) method. The results show that the ribs installed on the roof have a great effect on the train aerodynamic performance. Compared with trains without ribs, the lift force coefficient of the train with convex ribs changes from negative to positive, while the side force coefficient increases by 110% and 88%, respectively. Due to the combined effect of the lift force and side force, the overturning moment of the train with convex ribs and cutting ribs increases by 140% and 106%, respectively. There is larger negative pressure on the roof of the train without ribs than that with ribs. The ribs on the train would disturb the flow structure and contribute to the air separation, so the separation starts from the roof, while there is no air separation on the roof of the train without ribs. The ribs can also slow down the flow speed above the roof and make the air easily sucked back to the train surface. The vortices at the leeward side of the train without ribs are small and messy compared with those of the train with convex or cutting ribs.

  14. The effects of training reinforcement on training transfer in child welfare.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antle, Becky F; Barbee, Anita P; Sullivan, Dana J; Christensen, Dana N

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to compare the impact of different training methods on training transfer. Child welfare workers were assigned to one of three groups: classroom training only, classroom training plus reinforcement, and no training. The effect of these different training approaches on the transfer of assessment and case planning skills from the training was examined through a review of 120 child welfare case records. Results indicated that providing both training and reinforcement yielded a higher level of transfer than training alone or no training.

  15. Auto Industry Development Policy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    <正> Decree No. 8The National Development and Reform CommissionThe People’s Republic of ChinaAccording to the Document [2004] 30 of the State Council, the Auto Industry Development Policy has passed the examination of the Sitate Development and Reform Commission and been approved by the State Council. Now it is issued and shall be effective as of the date of promulgation. The Auto Industrial Policies implemented since 1994 should end as of the date of this promulgation.MAKaiDirector of the National Development and Reform CommissionMay 21, 2004

  16. AutoCAD

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Henrik

    1998-01-01

    I 1998 var AutoCAD Arkitektskolens basale CAD-tilbud til de studerende. Kursets vægt ligger på konstruktion og strukturering af 3d-modeller og med udgangspunkt i dette, 2d-tegning. Kurset er opbygget over CAD Clasic skabelonen (se min forskning). Kompendiet kan bruges til selvstudium.......I 1998 var AutoCAD Arkitektskolens basale CAD-tilbud til de studerende. Kursets vægt ligger på konstruktion og strukturering af 3d-modeller og med udgangspunkt i dette, 2d-tegning. Kurset er opbygget over CAD Clasic skabelonen (se min forskning). Kompendiet kan bruges til selvstudium....

  17. World Auto Parts Market Thriving

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ In a global market with increased competition, the global auto industrial chain in some regions of Europe, the U.S. and Japan is transforming into a new relationship between the auto parts producers and complete vehicle producers.

  18. 基于辅助线滞生法的Auto CAD R12参数化设计系统%Auto CAD R12 Parametric Design System Based on the Detained Auxiliary Line

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭启全; 周克绳

    1996-01-01

    本文提出了一种在Auto CAD R12环境下,用C语言(基于ADS)开发二维图形参数化设计的新方法辅助线滞生法.解决了辅助线滞生法与ADS具体结合中的技术难题;阐述了实元素悬挂到辅助元素上的新思想,实现了尺寸驱动;为用户众多的Auto CAD R12增加了新功能.基于该方法的Auto CAD R12参数化设计系统(Auto CAD R12 Parametric Design System--APDS)已用于悬挂输送机、管道油阀及半挂自卸车的设计绘图.

  19. IMPLICATIONS OF SPATIAL AND RELATIONAL RECONFIGURATION ON THE DYNAMICS OF THE COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE IN THE AUTO SECTOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucian-Ovidiu CINADE

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available As an impact factor of the competitive advantage dynamics, relocation is, basically, an outcome of concentration or dispersion on the location, in the business chain, of such as car-building companies, components suppliers and distributors. Proximity and low labor costs in developing countries are the basic factors considered by both the car assemblers and the components suppliers. The approach of spatial focusing needs a two relational plans analysis: on the one hand of the reports between component builders and suppliers and on the other hand of the reports amongst various automobile builders which benefit from the same productive location. This article focuses on the determination of the role of relational and spatial configuration amongst several automobile assemblers in generating the competitive advantage of the auto sector. For such purpose, we needed to observe a coenterprise which manufactures the models of different brands. The competition report amongst several builders as in case of co-enterprise TPCA from Kolín, Czech Republic has the following effect: flexibility of production, increase of feedback capacity to the dynamics of the market and the benefitting from the same workforce basin.

  20. 26 CFR 301.7516-1 - Training and training aids on request.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 18 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Training and training aids on request. 301.7516... the United States § 301.7516-1 Training and training aids on request. The Commissioner is authorized... conducted by the Internal Revenue Service, and to supply them with texts and other training aids....

  1. On application of AutoCAD in teaching of course of architectural mapping and its learning skills%AutoCAD在建筑制图课程教学中运用及学习技巧

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高志飞; 张秀丽

    2013-01-01

    介绍了采取附加式及融合式两种AutoCAD教学模式,主要阐述了AutoCAD在建筑制图课程教学中的优势,并对如何运用鼠标、空格键等提高绘图效率进行了探讨,以提高教学效果.

  2. Auto Adjusting Astronomical Telescope

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rohit R. Ghalsasi

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Astronomical telescope is powerful and basic tool for star or celestial observation. Here we proposed integrated system using Raspberry Pi for auto adjusting astronomical telescope. This integrated circuit helps to control stellar monitoring, stellar targeting, and tracking functions of telescope. Astro compass gives the direction of the celestial objects.

  3. The Durban Auto Cluster

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lorentzen, Jochen; Robbins, Glen; Barnes, Justin

    2004-01-01

    The paper describes the formation of the Durban Auto Cluster in the context of trade liberalization. It argues that the improvement of operational competitiveness of firms in the cluster is prominently due to joint action. It tests this proposition by comparing the gains from cluster activities i...

  4. Grand Theft Auto IV comes to Singapore: effects of repeated exposure to violent video games on aggression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teng, Scott Kie Zin; Chong, Gabriel Yew Mun; Siew, Amy Sok Cheng; Skoric, Marko M

    2011-10-01

    Given the increasingly dominant role of video games in the mainstream entertainment industry, it is no surprise that the scholarly debate about their impact has been lively and well attended. Although >100 studies have been conducted to examine the impact of violent video games on aggression, no clear consensus has been reached, particularly in terms of their long-term impact on violent behavior and aggressive cognitions. This study employs a first-ever longitudinal laboratory-based experiment to examine longer-term effects of playing a violent video game. One hundred thirty-five participants were assigned either to the treatment condition where they played a violent video game in a controlled laboratory setting for a total of 12 hours or to the control group where they did not play a game. Participants in the treatment group played Grand Theft Auto IV over a period of 3 weeks and were compared with a control group on the posttest measures of trait aggression, attitudes toward violence, and empathy. The findings do not support the assertion that playing a violent video game for a period of 3 weeks increases aggression or reduces empathy, but they suggest a small increase in proviolence attitudes. The implications of the findings are discussed.

  5. Beginning AutoCAD 2002

    CERN Document Server

    McFarlane, Bob

    2002-01-01

    New features in AutoCAD 2002 are covered in this book, making it a useful refresher course for anyone using AutoCAD at this level, and upgrading to the new software release. The material in the book is also relevant to anyone using other recent releases, including, AutoCAD 2000.

  6. Solar cell auto-tracking system based on Siemens S7-200 PLC%基于S7-200 PLC的太阳能电池自动跟踪实训系统

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨晟

    2013-01-01

    According to the working principle of solar cell auto-tracking system,a solar cell auto-tracking system based on Siemens S7-200 PLC was studied for student′s training. The bi-axial tracking system is adopted in this system. The optical sen-sors are used to collect the information of the sun position to control the 2D movement mechanism,which keeps the solar panels facing the sun to gain the maximum solar power. This system meets the training requirements for students in PV new energy ma-jor of vocational colleges,and can be applied to real engineering circumstances.%根据太阳能电池自动跟踪系统的工作原理,研究了一种基于西门子S7-200可编程序控制器(PLC)的太阳能电池自动跟踪实训系统。系统采用双轴跟踪,通过光学传感器采集模拟太阳光位置信息,控制两维运动机构,使太阳能电池板始终正对着模拟太阳光源,从而获得最大的太阳能,该系统能够满足高职院校光伏新能源专业学生的实训教学,也可应用于工程实际中。

  7. Discussion on Reform The Auto Insurance Rate%我国车险费率改革探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王红

    2015-01-01

    随着车险业的发展,费率制定存在的问题显现。车险费率改革实在必行。本文从车费率模式及从人费率模式着手,介绍影响费率的因素,已经我国现行车险费率存在的问题并对我国费率制度提出建议。%With the development of the auto insurance industry, the problems appear ratemaking. It is imperative reform auto insurance rates. This article from the car rate mode and proceed from one tariff model, introduce factors affecting rates, auto insurance rates have our current problems in our tariff system and make recommendations.

  8. Technical Training: Places available

    CERN Multimedia

    Monique Duval

    2005-01-01

    The number of places available may vary. Please check our Web site to find out the current availability. Places are available on the following courses: LabVIEW Real-Time (F) : 7 - 9.6.2005 (3 jours) LabVIEW Migration 6 to 7: 14.6.2005 (1 day) IT3T/1 - Read your mail and more with Outlook 2003 : 14.6.2005 (IT Technical Training Tutorial, free of charge) IT3T/2 - Creating, managing and using distribution lists with Simba2 : 16.6.2005 (IT Technical Training Tutorial, free of charge) FrontPage 2003 - niveau 2 : 16 & 17.6.2005 (2 jours) Utilisation de fichiers PDF avec ACROBAT 6.0 : 20.6.2005 (1journée) Introduction to ANSYS: 21 - 24.6.2005 (4 days) IT3T/3 - Working remotely with Windows XP : 28.6.2005 (IT Technical Training Tutorial, free of charge) IT3T/4 - Editing Websites with Frontpage 2003 : 30.6.2005 (IT Technical Training Tutorial, free of charge) WORD 2003 (Short Course I) - HowTo... Work with repetitive tasks /AutoText, AutoFormat, AutoC...

  9. Study on the Leaching of Pt, Pd and Rh from Spent Auto-catalysts in Various Acidities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WAN Jing; YU Jianmin; QIAN Lin; WAN Huoyin; ZHAO Yunkun

    2012-01-01

    Auto-catalysts were the largest consumers of platinum group metals and the most important secondary resources,recovery of PGMs from spent auto-catalysts by leaching with various acidities were investigated.The leaching thermodynamics of PGMs at 363 K was first discussed.At 363 K the higher the acidities of HC1,the higher the leaching recoveries of PGMs,and the sequence of leaching recovery was Pd>Pt>Rh.When H2SO4 used alone,the leaching recoveries of PGMs was low,when the acidity of H2SO4 increasing,the leaching recovery of Rh kept stable.

  10. Clinical utility of anti-p53 auto-antibody: Systematic review and focus on colorectal cancer

    OpenAIRE

    Suppiah, Aravind; Greenman, John

    2013-01-01

    Mutation of the p53 gene is a key event in the carcinogenesis of many different types of tumours. These can occur throughout the length of the p53 gene. Anti-p53 auto-antibodies are commonly produced in response to these p53 mutations. This review firstly describes the various mechanisms of p53 dysfunction and their association with subsequent carcinogenesis. Following this, the mechanisms of induction of anti-p53 auto-antibody production are shown, with various hypotheses for the discrepanci...

  11. Reliability Tests of Aluminium Wedge Wire Bonding on Auto-catalytic Silver Immersion Gold (ASIG) PCB Metallization

    CERN Document Server

    Drozd, A; Kaufmann, S; Manolescu, F; McGill, I

    2011-01-01

    The Auto-catalytic Silver Immersion Gold (ASIG) PCB metallization is a new process that has clear advantages for PCB assembly especially with regard to lead-free soldering. As it may become a popular process in the future for electronics used in physics experiments, the quality of this metallization for aluminium wire bonding has been studied. Aluminium wedge wire bonding continues to be the interconnection method of choice for many physics detector sensors, for high density signal routing and for unpackaged die. Although advertised as having good quality for aluminium wire bonding, this study was performed to verify this claim as well as to test the longer term reliability of the wire bonds taking into consideration the environmental conditions and life-expectancy of devices, in particular for high energy physics detector applications. The tests were performed on PCBs made with the ASIG and ENIG (Electro-less Nickel Immersion Gold) processes at the same time in order to make a comparison with the current ind...

  12. Reaearch on the Conversion Method of AutoCAD Dwg Data into GIS Shape Data Based on FME%基于FME实现AutoCAD Dwg向Shape数据转换

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    时绿艳; 冯国庆

    2012-01-01

    Data transformation is one of the important means to realize geographic information system data interoperability. This paper discusses current methods of data transformation and existing problems, with AutoCAD DWG data format for example, introduces how to use Featrue Manipulate Engine semantic transition to realize data conversion bwteen AutoCAD DWG data and GIS shape data. Using scriptlets for batch processing, by the analysis and comparison, this method is efficient and economy, and improved the efficiency of cadastral data inventory.%数据转换是实现GIS(Geographic information system)数据间互操作的重要手段之一。详细阐述目前实现数据转换的几种方法及存在问题,并以AutoCAD dwg数据格式为例,介绍如何利用FME(FeatrueManipulate Engine)语义转换实现AutoCAD dwg数据向GIS shape数据格式转换,并利用脚本程序进行批量处理,这在很大程度上提高了地籍数据入库的效率。

  13. AutoCAD 2015 and AutoCAD LT 2015 essentials

    CERN Document Server

    Onstott, Scott

    2014-01-01

    Step-by-step instructions for the AutoCAD fundamentals AutoCAD 2015 Essentials contains 400 pages of full-color, comprehensive instruction on the world's top drafting and architecture software. This 2015 edition features architectural, manufacturing, and landscape architecture examples. And like previous editions, the detailed guide introduces core concepts using interactive tutorials and open-ended projects, which can be completed in any order, thanks to downloadable data sets (an especially useful feature for students and professionals studying for Autodesk AutoCAD certification). Unlike man

  14. A Vajrayana Buddhist perspective on ministry training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kilts, Thomas

    2008-01-01

    This article about ministry training in Clinical Pastoral Education (CPE) is written from the perspective of a Vajrayana Buddhist Association for Clinical Pastoral Education (ACPE) Supervisor. It presents basic concepts of the Vajrayana Buddhist tradition that apply to the training process of students in CPE and beyond. The author posits that like the Vajrayana spiritual path, ministry training is something that continues on in a person's ministry, and that ministers should attend to this process as long as they are helping others. The author presents the concept of mandala and the Five Buddha Families to illustrate a Vajrayana perspective on ministry training.

  15. An auto-tuning method for focusing and astigmatism correction in HAADF-STEM, based on the image contrast transfer function.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baba, N; Terayama, K; Yoshimizu, T; Ichise, N; Tanaka, N

    2001-01-01

    An auto-tuning method for high-angle annular detector dark field scanning transmission electron microscopy (HAADF-STEM) is proposed which corrects the defocus to the optimum Scherzer focus and compensates the astigmatism. Because the method is based on the image contrast transfer function formulated for the HAADF-STEM, the defocus and the astigmatism are accurately measured from input of two different defocus images. The method is designed to work independent of object function in the linear imaging model by analysing the spectral ratio between two Fourier spectra of their images, which is useful for cases where the spectrum of object function is not uniformly spread out over the reciprocal space. The method was preliminarily tested in a Hitachi HD-2000 STEM, and successful results of the auto-tunings from the viewpoint of verification of the algorithm were obtained using general specimens of Au fine particles and a thin section of a semiconductor device.

  16. Survey of the auto-focus methods based on image processing%基于图像处理的自动对焦技术综述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尤玉虎; 刘通; 刘佳文

    2013-01-01

    简述了传统和现代自动对焦技术方法并进行对比,在此基础上详细介绍了基于图像处理的自动对焦技术的原理和核心问题,提出了该技术中的关键技术是图像清晰度评价方法和搜索算法并对具体技术进行了描述.%Based on brief review and comparison between the traditional and the modern auto-focus methods, the theory and the key points of the auto-focus method based on image processing are put forward. It is figured out that the image-clarity evaluation and searching algorithm are key technologies in the study of auto-focus method based on image processing. And the approaches of these aspects are described in detail.

  17. On the performance of the Gaia auto-collimating flat mirror assembly: could it be even better?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bos, A.; Witvoet, G.; Pereboom, H.P.; Steinbuch, M.

    2016-01-01

    The Auto-collimating Flat Mirror Assembly (AFMA) simulated the rotation of the Gaia satellite around its vertical axis. As such, it was one of the most important ground support equipment tools to test the payload performance of the Gaia mission. Although the performance of TNO's design during commis

  18. Consensus recommendations on rater training and certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    West, Mark D; Daniel, David G; Opler, Mark; Wise-Rankovic, Alexandria; Kalali, Amir

    2014-01-01

    There is currently no accepted standard for the clinical research industry to follow when selecting and training raters to administer rating scales in clinical neuroscience trials. This article offers guidelines, based on expert recommendations of the CNS Summit Rater Training and Certification Committee, for selecting, training, and evaluating raters. The article also defines terminology and offers recommendations for considering raters with prior training and certification. These guidelines are intended for investigators, pharmaceutical companies, contract research organizations, and other entities involved in clinical neuroscience trials.

  19. MS AutoCad

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Michael Rye; Heinicke, Hugo

    1996-01-01

    Formålet med dette notat er at give en introduktion til tegning af et generalarrangement ved anvendelse af CAD-programmet AutoCAD. Generalarrangementets formål er at skabe en overskuelig præsentation af et skibsprojekt. Det skal gøres indenfor de rammer, som ligger til grund for praktiskprojekter......Formålet med dette notat er at give en introduktion til tegning af et generalarrangement ved anvendelse af CAD-programmet AutoCAD. Generalarrangementets formål er at skabe en overskuelig præsentation af et skibsprojekt. Det skal gøres indenfor de rammer, som ligger til grund...

  20. Effect of noise pollution on hearing in auto-rickshaw drivers: A brainstem auditory-evoked potentials study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bhupendra Marotrao Gathe

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Context: Auditory brainstem response is the most important tool in differential diagnosis and degree of hearing impairment. Many studies have been carried out to ascertain the effects of noise on human beings but very less on the transportation workers; hence, considering the need of time and use of brainstem auditory-evoked potentials (BAEP, this study was conducted to analyze the effect of noise pollution on auto-rickshaw drivers (ARDs. Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate I, II, III, IV, and V wave latencies in ARDs and comparing it with control subjects in Central India. Settings and Design: This was a case-control study done on ARDs as participants and compared it with normal healthy individual BAEP pattern. Materials and Methods: We recorded BAEP from fifty healthy control subjects and fifty ARDs from the community of same sex and geographical setup. The absolute latencies were measured and compared. Recording was done using RMS EMG EP MARK II machine manufactured by RMS recorders and Medicare system, Chandigarh. Statistical Analysis Used: All the data related with subjects were filled in Excel sheet and analyzed with the help of EPI 6.0 info software with Student′s t-test. Results: There were prolongations of all absolute wave latencies of II, III, IV, and V in the ARDs as compared to control subjects. Conclusions: The prolongation of all absolute latencies of II, III, IV, and V suggests abnormality in brainstem auditory pathway mainly affecting the retrocochlear pathways in group of ARDs (noise exposure >10 years than other group who had exposed for <10 years and is more significant on the right ear than left.

  1. 助行器起坐系统优化模型研究%Research on Optimized Models for the Auto-Lifting System of Walking Aids

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张霞; 孔玲爽

    2016-01-01

    以患者的舒适度和系统运行效率为优化目标,对起坐系统进行了优化设计。先介绍了助行器起坐系统的原理和结构,分析了其主要元器件的数学模型,基于变分法构建了助行器起坐系统的优化模型。运用MATLAB建立了系统仿真模型,仿真结果表明:该优化模型是有效的。%An optimized design has been proposed for the auto-lifting system of walking aids, with its comfortableness and operating efficiency the optimization objectives. An introduction has been made of the working principle and structure of the auto-lifting system of walking aids, followed by an analysis of the mathematical model of its main components. And then an optimized modeling, based on the variation method, has been proposed for the auto-lifting system of walking aids, with a simulation model based on MATLAB thus established for the system. The simulation result shows that the optimized model is effective for practical applications.

  2. Auto-alarm system based on telephone network%基于电话网络的自动报警系统

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪慧英; 王玉; 谢春

    2009-01-01

    A design of auto-alarm system based on telephone network is presented. Using the existed telephone network, the auto-alarm system transmits the alarm signal through telephone line, sends and receives the alarm information by double tone multi frequency (DTMF) dialing. This auto-alarm system is applied for fireproofing, guarding the theft as well as first aid for the alone elder and handicapped in uptown. Intelligent offices and Hotels can also use this auto-alarm system instead of establishing special network.%介绍了一种基于电话网络的自动报警系统的软硬件设计.本系统在充分利用现有的程控电话网络或内部小型交换机网络的基础上,以电话线为载体实现报警信号的传输,通过拨号实现报警信息的发送与接收,易于安装维护.本自动报警系统可应用于住宅小区,中小企业的防火、防盗报警、缺少照料的老弱病残的急救报警等,也可应用到企业管理、智能大厦管理、酒店等本需建立专用网络的环境中,利用已有的内部电话网络,极大程度上降低报警系统成本.

  3. The Effect of Training on Pronunciation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madden, Edith H.

    1983-01-01

    The effect of pronunciation instruction on the speech of 29 adult speakers of other languages (Japanese, Arabic, Persian, Chinese, and Korean) with previous training in English as a second language was studied. Pronunciation improvement was compared in three groups: one receiving group pronunciation training, one receiving individualized…

  4. Influence of variable valve timings on the gas exchange process in a controlled auto-ignition engine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Milovanovic, N.; Chen, R. [Loughborough University (United Kingdom). Aeronautical and Autumotive Dept.; Turner, J. [Lotus Engineering (United Kingdom). Powertrain Research Dept.

    2004-05-01

    The controlled auto-ignition (CAI) engine concept has the potential to be highly efficient and to produce low NO{sub x} and particulate matter emissions. However, the problem of controlling the combustion over the entire load/speed range limits its practical application. The CAI combustion is controlled by the chemical kinetics of the charge mixture, with no influence of the flame diffusion or turbulent propagation. Therefore, to achieve successful control of the CAI process, the composition, temperature and pressure of the charge mixture at the inlet valve closure (IC) point has to be controlled. The use of the variable valve timing strategy, which enables quick changes in the amount of trapped hot exhaust gases, shows the potential for control of CAI combustion. The aim of this paper is to analyse the influence of the variable valve timing strategy on the gas exchange process, the process between the first valve open event (EO) and the last valve closing event (IC), in a CAI engine fuelled with standard gasoline fuel (95RON). The gas exchange process affects the engine parameters and charge properties and therefore plays a crucial role in determining the control of the CAI process. Analysis is performed by experimental and modelling approaches. A single-cylinder research engine equipped with a fully variable valvetrain (FVVT ) system was used for the experimental study. A combined code consisting of a detailed chemical kinetics code and one-dimensional fluid dynamics code was used for the modelling study. The results obtained indicate that the variable valve timing strategy has a strong influence on the gas exchange process, which in turn influences the engine parameters and the cylinder charge properties, and hence the control of the CAI process. The EC timing has the strongest effect, followed by the 10 timing, while the EO and IC timings have minor effects. (author)

  5. Auto-acetylation on K289 is not essential for HopZ1a-mediated plant defense suppression

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jose Sebastian Rufian

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The Pseudomonas syringae type III-secreted effector HopZ1a is a member of the HopZ / YopJ superfamily of effectors that triggers immunity in Arabidopsis. We have previously shown that HopZ1a suppresses both local (effector-triggered immunity, ETI and systemic immunity (systemic acquired resistance, SAR triggered by the heterologous effector AvrRpt2. HopZ1a has been shown to possess acetyltransferase activity, and this activity is essential to trigger immunity in Arabidopsis. HopZ1a acetyltransferase activity has been reported to require the auto-acetylation of the effector on a specific lysine (K289 residue. In this paper we analyze the relevance of autoacetylation of lysine residue 289 in HopZ1a ability to suppress plant defenses, and on the light of the results obtained, we also revise its relevance for HopZ1a avirulence activity. Our results indicate that, while the HopZ1aK289R mutant is impaired to some degree in its virulence and avirulence activities, is by no means phenotypically equivalent to the catalytically inactive HopZ1aC216A, since it is still able to trigger a defense response that induces detectable macroscopic HR and effectively protects Arabidopsis from infection, reducing growth of P. syringae within the plant. We also present evidence that the HopZ1aK289R mutant still displays virulence activities, partially suppressing both ETI and SAR.

  6. A novel approach to equipment health management based on auto-regressive hidden semi-Markov model (AR-HSMM)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DONG Ming

    2008-01-01

    As a new maintenance method, CBM (condition based maintenance) is becoming more and more important for the health management of complicated and costly equipment. A prerequisite to widespread deployment of CBM technology and prac-tice in industry is effective diagnostics and prognostics. Recently, a pattern recog-nition technique called HMM (hidden Markov model) was widely used in many fields. However, due to some unrealistic assumptions, diagnositic results from HMM were not so good, and it was difficult to use HMM directly for prognosis. By relaxing the unrealistic assumptions in HMM, this paper presents a novel approach to equip-ment health management based on auto-regressive hidden semi-Markov model (AR-HSMM). Compared with HMM, AR-HSMM has three advantages: 1)It allows explicitly modeling the time duration of the hidden states and therefore is capable of prognosis. 2) It can relax observations' independence assumption by accom-modating a link between consecutive observations. 3) It does not follow the unre-alistic Markov chain's memoryless assumption and therefore provides more pow-erful modeling and analysis capability for real problems. To facilitate the computation in the proposed AR-HSMM-based diagnostics and prognostics, new forwardbackward variables are defined and a modified forward-backward algorithm is developed. The evaluation of the proposed methodology was carried out through a real world application case study: health diagnosis and prognosis of hydraulic pumps in Caterpillar Inc. The testing results show that the proposed new approach based on AR-HSMM is effective and can provide useful support for the decision-making in equipment health management.

  7. 利用PSG评估CPAP和Auto-CPAP对不同程度OSAHS的治疗%Evaluation of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure and Auto-continuous Positive Airway Pressure on Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea-hypopnea Syndrme by Polysomography

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    岳英明; 孟琨; 邱小建

    2009-01-01

    目的 探讨持续气道正压通气(CPAP)与自动调节持续气道正压通气呼吸机(Auto-CPAP)在治疗阻塞性睡眠呼吸暂停低通气综合征(OSAHS)患者时的选择性应用.方法 60例轻中度(AHI≤40)OSAHS患者和60例重度(AHI>40)OSAHS患者分别接受CPAP和Auto-CPAP治疗,观察治疗前和治疗时PSG参数变化.结果 轻中度OSAHS患者应用CPAP治疗较应用Auto-CPAP治疗睡眠结构明显改善(P<0.05);重度OSAHS患者应用Auto-CPAP治疗较应用CPAP治疗的睡眠结构明显改善(P<0.05).包括睡眠潜伏期(SL)、睡眠效率(SE)、觉醒次数(WASO)、浅睡眠(Ⅰ期+Ⅱ期)、深睡眠(Ⅲ期+Ⅳ期)及REM期睡眠各占总睡眠时间(TST)的比例、呼吸暂停低通气指数(AHI)、夜间平均血氧饱和度(M SaO2)、夜间最低血氧饱和度(L SaO2)的变化.结论 轻中度OSAHS患者选择应用CPAP治疗的效果优于应用Auto-CPAP治疗的效果.重度OSAHS患者选择应用Auto-CPAP治疗的效果优于应用CPAP治疗的效果.

  8. Katastroofi hüvitamiseks on auto jagu kindlustusraha / Kadri Bank, Sten-Aleks Pihlak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bank, Kadri

    2008-01-01

    Tallinnas on mitmeid suure katastroofiohuga ettevõtteid, mis on end raskete tagajärgedega õnnetuste vastu kindlustanud väiksema summaga kui mõni autokindlustus. Vt. samas: Kolmandate isikute kahjude hüvitamine; Kõrge riskiohuga firmad on koondunud Koplisse ja Peterburi mnt äärde

  9. 基于AutoCAD的千斤顶装配图绘图方法的研究%Study of Drawing Method of Jack Assembly Drawing Based on AutoCAD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张艳华

    2015-01-01

    In order to introduce the drawing method of the assembly drawing in AutoCAD, this article takes jack as an example to describe the drawing method of the layer and layout space,and it has good practicability.%介绍AutoCAD中装配图的绘制方法,以千斤顶为例讲述了采用图层和布局空间的绘图方法,具备很好的实用性。

  10. 浅谈AutoCAD与Arc/info数据属性信息互转%On Data Attribute Information Cross-Transformation of AutoCAD and Arc/info

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于慧峰; 李巍; 杨树启

    2001-01-01

    通过对AutoCAD和Arc/info内部属性结构的研究,寻找互相转换的接口,使数据共享,充分发挥各自软件的优势,使其为建立GIS数据库提供更为简便的方法. 同时,为利用原有的AutoCAD数据建立GIS,探索出一条可行性路线,对GIS生产和研究具有指导意义.

  11. Experimental and Numerical Study on Effect of Sample Orientation on Auto-Ignition and Piloted Ignition of Poly(methyl methacrylate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fei Peng

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available In this work, the effect of seven different sample orientations from 0° to 90° on pilot and non-pilot ignition of PMMA (poly(methyl methacrylate exposed to radiation has been studied with experimental and numerical methods. Some new and significant conclusions are drawn from the study, including a U-shape curve of ignition time and critical mass flux as sample angle increases for pilot ignition conditions. However, in auto-ignition, the ignition time and critical mass flux increases with sample angle α. Furthermore, a computational fluid dynamic model have been built based on the Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS6 code to investigate the mechanisms controlling the dependence on sample orientation of the ignition of PMMA under external radiant heating. The results of theoretical analysis and modeling results indicate the decrease of total incident heat flux at sample surface plays the dominant role during the ignition processes of auto-ignition, but the volatiles gas flow has greater influence for piloted ignition conditions.

  12. 基于图像处理的自动调焦技术研究%Study on Technology of Auto-focus Based on Image Processing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓娟

    2014-01-01

    随着自动调焦技术的快速发展,在成像系统中得到了广泛的应用。基于图像处理的自动调焦能够进一步满足各种成像设备的智能化自动调焦需求。基于图像处理的自动调焦的关键在于图像的清晰度评价函数,本文在对评价函数进行分析的基础上提出了梯度阈值评价函数,实现了调焦的实时性、抗噪性方面的提升。%With the rapid development of automatic focus technology, it has been widely used in the imaging system. Auto-focus technology based on image processing,which can further meet intelligent automatic focus needs of various imaging equipment.The key of Auto-focus technology based on image processing is the image clarity evaluation function. Based on the analysis of evaluation function we propose the gradient threshold evaluation function in this paper,which realized the real time and noise resistance of focusing improvements.

  13. Auto Landing Process for Autonomous Flying Robot by Using Image Processing Based on Edge Detection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bahram Lavi Sefidgari

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In today’s technological life, everyone is quite familiar with the importance of security measures in our lives. So in this regard, many attempts have been made by researchers and one of them is flying robots technology. One well-known usage of flying robot, perhaps, is its capability in security and care measurements which made this device extremely practical, not only for its unmanned movement, but also for the unique manoeuvre during flight over the arbitrary areas. In this research, the automatic landing of a flying robot is discussed. The system is based on the frequent interruptions that is sent from main microcontroller to camera module in order to take images; these images have been distinguished by image processing system based on edge detection, after analysing the image the system can tell whether or not to land on the ground. This method shows better performance in terms of precision as well as experimentally.

  14. Auto-Decontaminating Surfaces Based on Light-Activated Photoelectrochemical Diode Particles

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-04-01

    Rose, "Enhancement of the Rate cf Photooxidation of CN- on TiO2 Photoanodes," Extended Abstract #646, 166th Meeting of The Electrochemical Society...New Orleans, LA, 1984. T. L. Rose and C. NanJundiah, "Rate Enhancement of Photooxidation of CN- with TiO2 Particles," J. Phys. Chem., 89, 3765 (1985...Irradiated ZnO Surfaces, by T. L. Rose, NATO ASI-Double Jump .,jurse on New Trends and Applications of Photocatalysis and Photoelectrochemistry, Cefalu

  15. Effect of Pilates Training on Alpha Rhythm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhijie Bian

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In this study, the effect of Pilates training on the brain function was investigated through five case studies. Alpha rhythm changes during the Pilates training over the different regions and the whole brain were mainly analyzed, including power spectral density and global synchronization index (GSI. It was found that the neural network of the brain was more active, and the synchronization strength reduced in the frontal and temporal regions due to the Pilates training. These results supported that the Pilates training is very beneficial for improving brain function or intelligence. These findings maybe give us some line evidence to suggest that the Pilates training is very helpful for the intervention of brain degenerative diseases and cogitative dysfunction rehabilitation.

  16. Effect of phonetics training on lingual awareness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lohman, Patricia; Fucci, Donald

    2003-02-01

    This investigation assessed the effect of phonetics training on lingual awareness in normal adult speakers of English. The study also compared Trained subjects' scores from a study in 2000 by Lohman and Fucci to subjects' posttraining scores in this investigation. Subjects were 36 students (M age=19.7, SD=.7) enrolled in an undergraduate phonetics class. All passed a speech and hearing screening. A pretest-posttest design was used. Subjects received approximately 40 hours of phonetics training over a 10-wk. period. The lingual awareness test required subjects imitate seven syllables and respond to four multiple-choice questions about each syllable. Subjects were aided by a line drawing of the oral cavity. A significant improvement in lingual awareness was found following training. However, scores for only two phonemes (sh and k) improved significantly. No significant difference was found between posttest scores and scores from Lohman and Fucci's Trained group.

  17. On the interrelation of divergence, flutter and auto-parametric resonance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herrmann, G.; Hauger, W.

    1973-01-01

    The dependence between static instability and kinetic instability (flutter) on autoparameteric resonance is studied by taking compressibility into account in a model of a cantilever beam under the action of a follower force. It is shown that both instabilities are formally special cases of instabilities known as subharmonic and combination resonances.

  18. Research on Reverse Modeling Technology for Auto Body based on Geomagic Studio%基于 Geomagic Studio 的汽车车身逆向建模技术的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾林林; 周利平; 刘小莹

    2013-01-01

    运用三维软件和逆向建模技术相结合的方法,进行车身设计与优化,大大缩短了汽车设计制造周期。研究了汽车车身的逆向建模技术,通过光学扫描仪测量获取某国产汽车表面的云状数据,利用Geomagic软件对测量数据进行处理,并基于NURBS曲面造型对车身表面优化重构,最后在UG中完成了车身的曲面建模和分析。%Auto body, as one of the four auto assemblies, always is the difficult one in the design and manufacture of a vehicle due to the complexity and particularity of its shape and structure.Using the combination of three-dimensional software and reverse modeling method to design and optimize auto body can greatly reduce the automobile design and manufacturing cycle.Firstly, the reverse modeling technology of a auto body is studied. Secondly, surface cloud data of a car made in China are measured and obtained using an optical scanner.Then, the measured data are processed using Geomagic software, and the auto body surface is reconstructed based on NURBS surface modeling.Finally, the surface modeling and analysis of auto body are conducted in software UG.The research is prepared for the subsequent structure optimization design of the auto body.

  19. Training Effects on Immune Function in Judoists

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lee

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Background It has been reported that high intensity long term training in elite athletes may increase risk of immune function. Objectives This study is to examine training effects on immunoglobulin and changes of physiological stress and physical fitness level induced by increased cold stress during 12-week winter off-season training in elite Judoists. Patients and Methods Twenty-nine male participants (20 ± 1 years were assigned to only Judo training (CG, n = 9, resistance training combined with Judo training (RJ, n = 10, and interval training combined with Judo training (IJ, n = 10. Blood samples collected at rest, immediately after all-out exercise, and 30-minute recovery period were analyzed for testing IgA, IgG, and IgM, albumin and catecholamine levels. Results VO2max and anaerobic mean power in IJ (P < 0.05 and anaerobic power in RJ (P < 0.05 were significantly increased after 12-week training compared to CG. There was no significant interaction effect (group × period in albumin after 12-week training; however, there was a significant interaction effect (group × period in epinephrine after 12-week training (F (4, 52 = 3.216, P = 0.002 and immediately after all-out exercise and at 30-minute recovery (F (2, 26 = 14.564, P = 0.008. There was significantly higher changes in epinephrine of RJ compared to IJ at 30-minute recovery (P = 0.045. There was a significant interaction effect (group × period in norepinephrine after 12-week training (F (4, 52 = 8.141, P < 0.0001, at rest and immediately after all-out exercise (F (2, 26 = 9.570, P = 0.001, and immediately after all-out exercise and at 30-minute recovery (F (2, 26 = 8.862, P = 0.001. Conclusions Winter off-season training of IJ increased physical fitness level as well as physical stress induced by overtraining. Along with increased physical stress, all groups showed reduced trend of IgA; however, there was no group difference based on different training methods.

  20. Multiplexed multiple-{\\tau} auto- and cross- correlators on a single FPGA

    CERN Document Server

    Mocsár, Gábor; Buchholz, Jan; Krieger, Jan Wolfgang; Langowski, Jörg; Vámosi, György

    2011-01-01

    Fluorescence correlation and cross-correlation spectroscopy (FCS, FCCS) are widely used techniques to study the diffusion properties and interactions of fluorescent molecules. Autocorrelation (ACFs) and cross-correlation functions (CCFs) are typically acquired with fast hardware correlators. Here we introduce a new multiple-{\\tau} hardware correlator design for computing ACFs and CCFs in real time. A scheduling algorithm minimizes the use of hardware resources by calculating the different segments of the correlation function on a single correlator block. The program was written in LabVIEW, enabling computation of two multiple-{\\tau} ACFs and two CCFs on a National Instruments FPGA card (NI 7833R) in real time with a minimal sampling time of 400 ns. Raw data are also stored with a time resolution of 50 ns for later analysis. The design can be adapted to other FPGA cards with only minor changes and extended to evaluate more inputs and correlation functions.

  1. Auto-Test on Motor Temperature Rising in Electric Vehicles with Mutual MRAS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    A new method to calculate the motor temperature rising in electric vehicle (EV) is proposed based on the stator resistance identification. The measure theory of the motor temperature rising with the stator resistance is discussed at first. An enhanced magnetism motor dynamic math model is built which is the research object. Then the resistance identification system model is built on the mutual model reference adaptive system (MRAS) theory. The simulation diagram of the mutual MRAS model is constructed and the resistance identification performance is studied in different motor states. Simulation results indicate that the stator resistance identification model with the mutual MRAS is effective. At the same time, the identification of motor temperature rising is possible with the identification of the stator resistance.

  2. SECURED DATA ON CLOUD ENVIRONMENT BY SAPA PROTOCOL WITH AUTO-RENEWAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Prashanthi

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Cloud computing is rising as a rife knowledge interactive paradigm to understand users’ knowledge remotely hold on in a web cloud server. Cloud services offer nice conveniences for the users to relish the on-demand cloud applications while not c Knowledge Obstrucity, Forward Security, Universal Composability onsidering the native infrastructure limitations. Throughout the information accessing, completely different users could also be in a very cooperative relationship, and so knowledge sharing becomes vital to attain productive edges. The prevailing security solutions chiefly concentrate on the authentication to understand that a user’s privative knowledge cannot be unauthorized accessed, however neglect a delicate privacy issue throughout a user.It is difficult for the cloud server to request different users for knowledge sharing. The challenged access request itself might reveal the user’s privacy in spite of whether or not it will acquire the information access permissions. During this paper, we have a tendency to propose a shared authority primarily based privacy-preserving authentication protocol (SAPA to deal with higher than privacy issue for cloud storage. Within the SAPA, 1 shared access authority is achieved by anonymous access request matching mechanism with security and privacy concerns (e.g., authentication, knowledge obscurity, user privacy, and forward security; 2 attribute primarily based access management is adopted to understand that the user will solely access its own knowledge fields; 3 proxy re-encryption is applied by the cloud server to supply knowledge sharing among the multiple users. Meanwhile, universal compos ability (UC model is established to prove that the SAPA on paper has the planning correctness. It indicates that the projected protocol realizing privacy-preserving knowledge access authority sharing is enticing for multi-user cooperative cloud applications.

  3. Dilution effects on the controlled auto-ignition (CAI) combustion of hydrocarbon and alcohol fuels

    OpenAIRE

    Oakley, A.; Zhao, H.; Ma, T.; Ladommatos, N

    2001-01-01

    Copyright © 2001 SAE International. This paper is posted on this site with permission from SAE International. Further use of this paper is not permitted without permission from SAE This paper presents results from an experimental programme researching the in-cylinder conditions necessary to obtain homogenous CAI (or HCCI) combustion in a 4-stroke engine. The fuels under investigation include three blends of Unleaded Gasoline, a 95 RON Primary Reference Fuel, Methanol, and Ethanol. This wor...

  4. Spatial-Spectral Classification Based on the Unsupervised Convolutional Sparse Auto-Encoder for Hyperspectral Remote Sensing Imagery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Xiaobing; Zhong, Yanfei; Zhang, Liangpei

    2016-06-01

    Current hyperspectral remote sensing imagery spatial-spectral classification methods mainly consider concatenating the spectral information vectors and spatial information vectors together. However, the combined spatial-spectral information vectors may cause information loss and concatenation deficiency for the classification task. To efficiently represent the spatial-spectral feature information around the central pixel within a neighbourhood window, the unsupervised convolutional sparse auto-encoder (UCSAE) with window-in-window selection strategy is proposed in this paper. Window-in-window selection strategy selects the sub-window spatial-spectral information for the spatial-spectral feature learning and extraction with the sparse auto-encoder (SAE). Convolution mechanism is applied after the SAE feature extraction stage with the SAE features upon the larger outer window. The UCSAE algorithm was validated by two common hyperspectral imagery (HSI) datasets - Pavia University dataset and the Kennedy Space Centre (KSC) dataset, which shows an improvement over the traditional hyperspectral spatial-spectral classification methods.

  5. [Effect of auto-road complex in the city of Surgut on air pollution and population health].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vinokurova, M V; Vinokurov, M V; Voronin, S A

    2015-01-01

    Currently, due to the increase in motorization, the problem of environmental pollution by emissions of objects of auto-road complex is becoming more and more important not only for cities, butfor dynamically developing regional cities. The negative impact is characterized by the increase of the morbidity rate of environmentally-dependent diseases, primarily respiratory diseases, neoplasms. This exposure is most pronounced near the motorways, at the gas station, and also spreads to residential areas, which requires the optimization of protective and preventive measures. Presented article is devoted to the characterization of air pollution of various areas in the city of Surgut due to emission of sources of auto-road complex with the assessment of public health risks.

  6. Auto-Clustering using Particle Swarm Optimization and Bacterial Foraging

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rutkowski Olesen, Jakob; Cordero, Jorge; Zeng, Yifeng

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents a hybrid approach for clustering based on particle swarm optimization (PSO) and bacteria foraging algorithms (BFA). The new method AutoCPB (Auto-Clustering based on particle bacterial foraging) makes use of autonomous agents whose primary objective is to cluster chunks of data...

  7. Focus on training at CAFS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azorbo, S; Muna, C

    1993-01-01

    The training and technical assistance programs of the Center for African Family Studies (CAFS), which is part of the International Planned Parenthood Federation for the African Region, were described. Programs included service delivery, management development, family life education, family planning communication, and research monitoring and evaluation. Several courses were offered: a week-long contraceptive technology update course for trainers and supervisors of family planning programs. Management training needs were filled through a 6-week middle level management course, a 2-week senior level management course, a 4-week community based family planning program course, a 6-week financial management of family planning and reproductive health programs course, and a 5-week course in leadership skills for management of women and health programs. Family life education courses were offered under the CAFS Women and Health Program for teachers, curriculum developers, youth leaders, and those working with young people for 3 weeks. Course issues of discussion included population and development, the family in contemporary African life, and policy legislation and laws to promote young people's health and social psychological and ethical aspects of adolescent sexuality. Family planning communication training programs were directed to strengthening IEC knowledge and skills over a 4-week period for senior and middle level personnel. The 3-week press course aimed to train journalists in print and electronic media for French-speaking countries who could gain cover population and family planning issues. The family planning research and evaluation course over 4 weeks aimed to increase the knowledge and skills of health personnel in project design, implementation, monitoring, and evaluation, in order to conduct assessment of program effectiveness. The course was directed to senior and middle level manager researchers, population project directors, and personnel of women

  8. Chatbot trained on movie dialogue

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    A chatbot is a computer program that engages in written or spoken conversation with a human user. This project aims to investigate the possibility of training a chatbot in using movie dialogue in generating the response. Movie dialogue can be found in both movie scripts as well as subtitles, though using subtitles is much easier as they follow a special formatting. Using one subtitle as a response to each word found in the preceding subtitle, the implemented chatbot links together subtitles. ...

  9. Qualitative and quantitative comparisons on reconditioning by welding of crankshafts from auto industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chivu (Vîrlan, O. R.; Rontescu, C.; Cicic, D. T.; Vasile, I. M.; Petriceanu, C.

    2015-11-01

    One of the goals of modern society is represented by reducing the cost for the maintenance of cars. One of the pieces that break down most often on the engine block is the crankshaft, in various areas of it. Due to the fact that the price of a crankshaft is very high, specialists seek solutions for repairing and not replacing them. In this study, it is presented a comparison in terms of hardness obtained at recovering the counterweight by welding by using two methods of welding, WIG and SMAW through various techniques: normal, WTO, lateral depositing.

  10. Development of an Acoustic Signal Analysis Tool “Auto-F” Based on the Temperament Scale

    Science.gov (United States)

    Modegi, Toshio

    The MIDI interface is originally designed for electronic musical instruments but we consider this music-note based coding concept can be extended for general acoustic signal description. We proposed applying the MIDI technology to coding of bio-medical auscultation sound signals such as heart sounds for retrieving medical records and performing telemedicine. Then we have tried to extend our encoding targets including vocal sounds, natural sounds and electronic bio-signals such as ECG, using Generalized Harmonic Analysis method. Currently, we are trying to separate vocal sounds included in popular songs and encode both vocal sounds and background instrumental sounds into separate MIDI channels. And also, we are trying to extract articulation parameters such as MIDI pitch-bend parameters in order to reproduce natural acoustic sounds using a GM-standard MIDI tone generator. In this paper, we present an overall algorithm of our developed acoustic signal analysis tool, based on those research works, which can analyze given time-based signals on the musical temperament scale. The prominent feature of this tool is producing high-precision MIDI codes, which reproduce the similar signals as the given source signal using a GM-standard MIDI tone generator, and also providing analyzed texts in the XML format.

  11. Auto-Mapping and Configuration Method of IEC 61850 Information Model Based on OPC UA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    In-Jae Shin

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available The open-platform communication (OPC unified architecture (UA (IEC62541 is introduced as a key technology for realizing a variety of smart grid (SG use cases enabling relevant automation and control tasks. The OPC UA can expand interoperability between power systems. The top-level SG management platform needs independent middleware to transparently manage the power information technology (IT systems, including the IEC 61850. To expand interoperability between the power system for a large number of stakeholders and various standards, this paper focuses on the IEC 61850 for the digital substation. In this paper, we propose the interconnection method to integrate communication with OPC UA and convert OPC UA AddressSpace using system configuration description language (SCL of IEC 61850. We implemented the mapping process for the verification of the interconnection method. The interconnection method in this paper can expand interoperability between power systems for OPC UA integration for various data structures in the smart grid.

  12. The Research of Scrapped Automobiles Recycling and Disassembling Industry Development Based on Auto Industry Chain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    linhua Pang

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The number of China’s scrapped car is on an explosively growing trend, and the development of scrapped car recycling industry has a golden prospect. The current scrapped car recycling system is not perfect in our country, because related industries driven by market develop slowly, and there are some outstanding problems such as potential safety risks, environmental pollution and resource waste. The paper analyzes and studies the existing problems and countermeasures to investigate the development strategy of scrapped car recycling industry according to the whole automobile industry chain construction, technology and equipment conditions, policy guidance, etc. and at last explore the new industrial development pattern of serving automobile reverse design.

  13. Local Spiral Curves Simulating Based on Hough Transformation and Center Auto-Locating of Developing Typhoon

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    In the developing phase of typhoon formation, the spiral belt partly emerges in satellite cloud images. This research starts from images and moves on to graphics and then to representation and recognition. Following this route, local spiral cloud belt is segmented from the raw images using image segmentation, the spiral information is extracted using mathematic morphology, and local spiral curves are detected using Hough transformation. The problem of center locating of developing typhoon has finally been solved through a search algorithm of spiral curve. For No.99082008 cloud image, the result produced by the algorithm in this paper is at 122.3 degree west longitude, 17.5 degree north latitude. The real typhoon center location was at 122.4 degree west longitude, 18 degree north latitude.

  14. Brilliance Auto: Chinese, Global, Successful

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

      As the only automobile sponsor of BOAO FORUM FOR ASIA in April 2004, Brilliance Auto had a great opportunity to show her 'New Zhonghua" sedan which is an upper-medium car with completely independent intellectual property rights and repre sents the independent development philosophy of Brilliance Auto and is especially made for business personnel. The development pattern of Zhonghua sedan set a brand new model in Chinese auto industry to utilize the global resources and talents and international division of labor in the international arena, and she has become a typical sample of independent brand sedans in the contemporary Chinese auto industry.……

  15. Auto-preview camera orientation for environment perception on a mobile robot

    Science.gov (United States)

    Radovnikovich, Micho; Vempaty, Pavan K.; Cheok, Ka C.

    2010-01-01

    Using wide-angle or omnidirectional camera lenses to increase a mobile robot's field of view introduces nonlinearity in the image due to the 'fish-eye' effect. This complicates distance perception, and increases image processing overhead. Using multiple cameras avoids the fish-eye complications, but involves using more electrical and processing power to interface them to a computer. Being able to control the orientation of a single camera, both of these disadvantages are minimized while still allowing the robot to preview a wider area. In addition, controlling the orientation allows the robot to optimize its environment perception by only looking where the most useful information can be discovered. In this paper, a technique is presented that creates a two dimensional map of objects of interest surrounding a mobile robot equipped with a panning camera on a telescoping shaft. Before attempting to negotiate a difficult path planning situation, the robot takes snapshots at different camera heights and pan angles and then produces a single map of the surrounding area. Distance perception is performed by making calibration measurements of the camera and applying coordinate transformations to project the camera's findings into the vehicle's coordinate frame. To test the system, obstacles and lines were placed to form a chicane. Several snapshots were taken with different camera orientations, and the information from each were stitched together to yield a very useful map of the surrounding area for the robot to use to plan a path through the chicane.

  16. Simulation and Training Package on Corex Process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    A software package has been developed for simulation on the Corex process. The simulation and training package on the process of shaft furnace using Corex off gas were introduced. The package consists of three main modules, namely the numerical simulation, the system modeling and optimization, and the training module, which are integrated with graphical interfaces. In addition, the equipment starting and stopping operation and typical trouble-shooting were also included in the package, whereby a practical environment can be established for training of operation and management stuff.

  17. Séminaire de l'enseignement technique : Forum AutoCAD 2006 et AutoCAD Mechanical 2006 - French version only

    CERN Multimedia

    Davide Vitè

    2005-01-01

    Jeudi 17 novembre 2005 de 14:30 à 16:30 - Training Centre Auditorium Forum AutoCAD 2006 et AutoCAD Mechanical 2006 CADSCHOOL, CH-1207 GENEVE, Suisse Ce nouveau séminaire de l'Enseignement technique, organisé en forme de forum et en collabora- tion avec TS-MME et notre entreprise partenaire en formation, sera consacré à la présentation de la nouvelle version d'AutoCAD, AutoCAD 2006 et AutoCAD Mechanical 2006, disponible au CERN. Au programme : Présentation d'AutoCAD Mechanical 2006 Améliorations par rapport à AutoCAD Mechanical 6 Power Pack Questions - Réponses Langue: Français. Séminaire libre, sans inscription. Organisateurs: Manfred Mayer / TS-MME / 74499 ; Davide Vitè / HR-PMD / 75141 Pour plus d'information, veuillez SVP visiter les pages des Séminaires de l'Enseignement Technique à l'adresse http://www.cern.ch/TechnicalTraining/special/TTseminars.asp . ENSEIGNEMENT TECHNIQUE TECHNICAL TRAINING technical.training@cern.ch

  18. Séminaire de l'enseignement technique : Forum AutoCAD 2006 et AutoCAD Mechanical 2006

    - French version only

    CERN Multimedia

    Davide Vitè

    2005-01-01

    Jeudi 17 novembre 2005 de 14:30 à 16:30 - Training Centre Auditorium, Bât 593 Forum AutoCAD 2006 et AutoCAD Mechanical 2006 CADSCHOOL, CH-1207 GENEVE, Suisse Ce nouveau séminaire de l'Enseignement technique, organisé en forme de forum et en collaboration avec TS-MME et notre entreprise partenaire en formation, sera consacré à la présentation de la nouvelle version d'AutoCAD, AutoCAD 2006 et AutoCAD Mechanical 2006, disponible au CERN. Au programme : Présentation d'AutoCAD Mechanical 2006 Améliorations par rapport à AutoCAD Mechanical 6 Power Pack Questions - Réponses Langue: Français. Séminaire libre, sans inscription. Organisateurs: Manfred Mayer / TS-MME / 74499 ; Davide Vitè / HR-PMD / 75141 Pour plus d'information, veuillez SVP visiter les pages des Séminaires de l'Enseignement Technique à l'adresse http://www.cern.ch/TechnicalTraining/special/TTseminars.asp . ENSEIGNEMENT TECHNIQUE TECHNICAL TRAINING technical.training@cern.ch

  19. The background of Chinese Autos popularity in Syria

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gu Zhongyang

    2008-01-01

    @@ At the end of April in 2006,I along with lhmous China automakers attended the murth Syria China Auto International Exhibition held by China Council for Promotion of International Trade and China Machinery Industry Fcderation,took a tour by the Cars for 10 days in Syria,and had a close feel on the auto market in Syria.

  20. Rüütmann taandub Kommest Auto juhtimisest / Kaisa Tahlfeld

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tahlfeld, Kaisa

    2007-01-01

    AS-i Kommest Auto asutaja ja omanik Toomas Rüütmann loobub ettevõtte juhtimisest, kuid jätkab juhatuse liikmena ning keskendub eksportturgudele ja koostööle edasimüüjatega. Kommest Auto uueks juhiks saab Raido Toonekurg. Lisa: Mis on mis; Taust

  1. The Effects of Organizational Training on Organizational Commitment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bulut, Cagri; Culha, Osman

    2010-01-01

    This empirical study investigated the impact of organizational training on employee commitment focusing on employees' emotional and affective responses towards their organization. Organizational training is conceptualized within a multidimensional framework consisting of motivation for training, access to training, benefits from training and…

  2. The Calculation of Unbalanced Voltage on the tertiary bus of a single phase auto transformer in case of Parallel Operation with Different Manufacturer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shim, E.B.; Woo, J.W.; Kwak, J.S. [Korea Electric Power Research Institute (Korea); Joe, S.H.; Hur, Y.H. [KEPCO (Korea); Han, S.O. [Chungnam University (Korea)

    2001-07-01

    This paper described the unbalanced voltage on the tertiary bus of a single phase auto transformer in the case of parallel operation with different manufacturer at each phase. The unbalanced capacitances between primary to secondary winding, secondary to tertiary winding and primary to tertiary winding makes unbalanced bus voltage in the tertiary bus side. The unbalanced voltage let the surge arrester to operate in the power frequency range, and it causes the arrester to burn out. The failure of the arrester at one phase makes line to ground fault, which lead to the surge arrester failure of the other two phase on the tertiary bus. (author). 3 refs., 10 figs., 2 tabs.

  3. Fouling resistance prediction using artificial neural network nonlinear auto-regressive with exogenous input model based on operating conditions and fluid properties correlations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biyanto, Totok R.

    2016-06-01

    Fouling in a heat exchanger in Crude Preheat Train (CPT) refinery is an unsolved problem that reduces the plant efficiency, increases fuel consumption and CO2 emission. The fouling resistance behavior is very complex. It is difficult to develop a model using first principle equation to predict the fouling resistance due to different operating conditions and different crude blends. In this paper, Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) MultiLayer Perceptron (MLP) with input structure using Nonlinear Auto-Regressive with eXogenous (NARX) is utilized to build the fouling resistance model in shell and tube heat exchanger (STHX). The input data of the model are flow rates and temperatures of the streams of the heat exchanger, physical properties of product and crude blend data. This model serves as a predicting tool to optimize operating conditions and preventive maintenance of STHX. The results show that the model can capture the complexity of fouling characteristics in heat exchanger due to thermodynamic conditions and variations in crude oil properties (blends). It was found that the Root Mean Square Error (RMSE) are suitable to capture the nonlinearity and complexity of the STHX fouling resistance during phases of training and validation.

  4. Auto-fotografi som metode

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mogensen, Mette

    2014-01-01

    Artiklen sætter fokus på auto-fotografi som metode i arbejdsmiljøforskningen. Den organisationsæstetiske tilgang, som metoden ofte forbindes med, udfordres med afsæt i en performativ og aktørnetværks-teoretisk position. Gennem en analyse af et enkelt auto-fotografi vises hvordan en artikulation af...

  5. Study on Training Scheme for New Farmers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Farmers play an important role in agricultural modernization,and farmers’quality directly influence the agricultural modernization drive. We analyzed basic situations and existing problems of farmers,including lack of consciousness as a master,cultural awareness,market awareness,skill awareness,and democracy and legal awareness.To build new farmers,we put forward multi-channel and comprehensive training schemes,including enhancing leadership,making clear objective,and giving top priority to subjects;increasing fund input and perfecting new farmer training system;focusing on economic development and combining with new socialist countryside construction;training by classification to improve overall qualities of different level farmers;combining many cultivation ways to improve the overall training effect.

  6. The EC discourse on vocational training

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cort, Pia

    2009-01-01

    This article traces the EC vocational training policy historically and describes the discursive alignments which brought the policy from a ‘common vocational training policy' as laid down in Article 128, in the Treaty of Rome to the Lisbon Lifelong Learning strategy. The argument is that vocational...... training has served as a lever for the gradual expansion of the policy field into both general and higher education and for the establishment of a European discourse on Lifelong Learning. In the article, Ball's concept of "policy as discourse" is used to identify the changing spaces of possibility within...... EC vocational training policy (Ball, What is policy? Texts, trajectories and toolboxes. Discourse, 13(2), 1993)....

  7. DOVIS 2.0: an efficient and easy to use parallel virtual screening tool based on AutoDock 4.0

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wallqvist Anders

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Small-molecule docking is an important tool in studying receptor-ligand interactions and in identifying potential drug candidates. Previously, we developed a software tool (DOVIS to perform large-scale virtual screening of small molecules in parallel on Linux clusters, using AutoDock 3.05 as the docking engine. DOVIS enables the seamless screening of millions of compounds on high-performance computing platforms. In this paper, we report significant advances in the software implementation of DOVIS 2.0, including enhanced screening capability, improved file system efficiency, and extended usability. Implementation To keep DOVIS up-to-date, we upgraded the software's docking engine to the more accurate AutoDock 4.0 code. We developed a new parallelization scheme to improve runtime efficiency and modified the AutoDock code to reduce excessive file operations during large-scale virtual screening jobs. We also implemented an algorithm to output docked ligands in an industry standard format, sd-file format, which can be easily interfaced with other modeling programs. Finally, we constructed a wrapper-script interface to enable automatic rescoring of docked ligands by arbitrarily selected third-party scoring programs. Conclusion The significance of the new DOVIS 2.0 software compared with the previous version lies in its improved performance and usability. The new version makes the computation highly efficient by automating load balancing, significantly reducing excessive file operations by more than 95%, providing outputs that conform to industry standard sd-file format, and providing a general wrapper-script interface for rescoring of docked ligands. The new DOVIS 2.0 package is freely available to the public under the GNU General Public License.

  8. Apparatus-Program Complexes Processing and Creation of Essentially non-Format Documents on the Basis of Technology Auto-Adaptive Fonts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. G. Andrianova

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The need to translate paper documents into electronic form demanded a development of methods and algorithms for automatic processing systems and web publishing unformatted graphic documents of on-line libraries. Translation of scanned images into modern formats of electronic documents using OCR programmes faces serious difficulties. These difficulties are connected with the standardization set of fonts and design of printed documents. There is also a need to maintain the original form of electronic format of such documents. The article discusses the possibility for building an extensible adaptive dictionary of graphic objects, which constitute unformatted graphics documents. Dictionary automatically adjusted as graphics processing and accumulation of statistical information for each new document. This adaptive extensible dictionary of graphic letters, fonts, and other objects of automated particular document processing is called "auto-adaptive font", and a set of its application methods is named "auto-adaptive font technology."Based on the theory of estimation algorithms, a mathematical model is designed. It allows us to represent all objects of unformatted graphic document in a unified manner to build a feature vector for each object, and evaluate a similarity of these objects in the selected metric. The algorithm of the adaptive models of graphic images is developed and a criterion for combining similar properties in one element to build an auto-adaptive font is offered thus allowing us to build a software core of hardware-software complex for processing the unformatted graphic documents. A standard block diagram of hardware-software complex is developed to process the unformatted graphic documents. The article presents a description of all the blocks of this complex, including document processing station and its interaction with the web server of publishing electronic documents.

  9. Finite Element Analysis of Light Steelwork Based on AutoCAD Object-oriented%基于AutoCAD面向对象的轻型钢结构有限元分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐又红

    2003-01-01

    提出了一种基于AutoCAD面向对象技术的轻型钢结构有限元分析方法.首先采用面向对象的技术建立轻型钢结构的计算机表示模型,在利用ObjectARX2000开发平台实现三维钢结构的结构自动设计的基础上,直接访问AutoCAD的数据库,提取并计算有限元的必要数据,利用面向对象的方法构建有限元分析所需要的类.最后,进行了实例化.

  10. 基于AutoCAD VBA技术的回转型刀具专用CAM软件开发%Development of Dedicated CAM Software for Machining Cylindrical Tool Based on VBA for AutoCAD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏旭武

    2006-01-01

    基于AutoCAD VBA技术开发了一套用于回转型刀具刀刃加工的专用CAM软件.首先分析了通用CAM软件加工此类零件的缺点.在此基础上,研究了新的加工方法,即"先卷绕、后补偿",并用VBA开发工具在AutoCAD中编程实现了该方法.实践证明,用该软件生成的数控代码能够加工出合格的回转刀具.

  11. 包装纸盒设计系统--Visual Basic.NET二次开发AutoCAD%A packaging carton design system-- Visual Basic. NET second development on the base of AutoCAD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    迟建; 李晓娟; 于志彬; 陈志周; 赵红梅

    2005-01-01

    AutoCAD为平台,并选择Visual Basic.NET作为二次开发语言,建立了具有平面盒坯图的参数化设计、纸盒自动折叠成型的动画演示、三维实体的渲染等功能的包装纸盒设计系统,为包装CAD提供一种新的方法.

  12. 基于AutoCADVBA叶轮机械叶片模型CAM软件开发%The computer aided manufacturing program design of blade model in turbomachine based on AutoCAD visual basic for application

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩冰冰; 苏莫明

    2006-01-01

    利用AutoCADVBA开发了一种根据给定的叶轮机械叶片数据绘制叶片模型生产过程中所需要的各种投影图及叶片的三维模型的自动绘图软件.使用方便,绘图精确,简化了生产,提高了生产效率.

  13. 水土保持规划设计中AutoCAD与Word的联合应用之初探--以卧管正视图从AutoCAD向Word中的转化为例%Application of Combination of AutoCAD and Word in Water and Soil Conservation Planning and Design-case Studies on Transformation from AutoCAD to Word of Lie

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏清顺; 刘艳红

    2006-01-01

    主要对水土保持规划设计中多种软件联合应用做了初步探讨,并以卧管正视图从AutoCAD向Word中的转化为例,提出了AutoCAD图形向Word中转化的三种方法,并加以举例验证,从而解决了在水土保持规划设计中存在的难以用语言清晰、准确描述的弊端.

  14. Auto China 2008:Dream, Harmony & New View

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ The 2008 (Tenth) Beijing International Automotive Exhibition (Auto Beijing 2008), with dream. harmony.and new view as its theme, will be held on April 20-28,2008 in the new hall of China International Exhibition Center (CIEC) in Beijing.

  15. Female Infertility and Serum Auto-antibodies: a Systematic Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deroux, Alban; Dumestre-Perard, Chantal; Dunand-Faure, Camille; Bouillet, Laurence; Hoffmann, Pascale

    2016-09-14

    On average, 10 % of infertile couples have unexplained infertility. Auto-immune disease (systemic lupus erythematosus, anti-phospholipid syndrome) accounts for a part of these cases. In the last 20 years, aspecific auto-immunity, defined as positivity of auto-antibodies in blood sample without clinical or biological criteria for defined diseases, has been evoked in a subpopulation of infertile women. A systematic review was performed (PUBMED) using the MESH search terms "infertility" and "auto-immunity" or "reproductive technique" or "assisted reproduction" or "in vitro fertilization" and "auto-immunity." We retained clinical and physiopathological studies that were applicable to the clinician in assuming joint management of both infertility associated with serum auto-antibodies in women. Thyroid auto-immunity which affects thyroid function could be a cause of infertility; even in euthyroidia, the presence of anti-thyroperoxydase antibodies and/or thyroglobulin are related to infertility. The presence of anti-phospholipid (APL) and/or anti-nuclear (ANA) antibodies seems to be more frequent in the population of infertile women; serum auto-antibodies are associated with early ovarian failure, itself responsible for fertility disorders. However, there exist few publications on this topic. The methods of dosage, as well as the clinical criteria of unexplained infertility deserve to be standardized to allow a precise response to the question of the role of serum auto-antibodies in these women. The direct pathogenesis of this auto-immunity is unknown, but therapeutic immunomodulators, prescribed on a case-by-case basis, could favor pregnancy even in cases of unexplained primary or secondary infertility.

  16. Performance Assessment of Auto-mechanism Based on Improved PSO%基于改进粒子群算法的自动机性能评估

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙致远; 郑坚; 熊超; 殷军辉

    2016-01-01

    由于自行高炮自动机状态监测中缺乏行之有效的机构性能评估手段,引入了改进粒子群算法。建立了自动机动力学模型,对后坐过程进行了动力学仿真,确定了反映机构性能的浮动曲线特征量。针对粒子群算法收敛速度慢、精度低等缺陷,对其进行改进,并结合曲线特征量对自动机性能参数进行了评估。结果表明:改进后粒子群算法的算法收敛性和结果精度都有明显的改善,有效实现了自动机的性能参数评估。%For the lack of effective method in the condition monitoring of the auto-mechanism of self-propelled anti-aircraft gun system,an approach of improved Particle Swarm Optimization(PSO)is introduced. Established the dynamic model of the auto-mechanism to simulate the recoil process and determined the characteristic quantity of the gun chest back curve to reflect the mechanical performance state,an approach of improved Particle Swarm Optimization(PSO)with better convergence and precision is proposed to evaluate the state parameters based on the curve characteristic quantity. The result shows the obvious advantage of the convergence and accuracy,and it achieves the state parameters assessment of auto-mechanism.

  17. Improving the Design Process for Auto-body GD&T Based on Computer-Aided Design%车身GD&T设计流程改进

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾思铭; 沈利冰; 金隼; 储国平

    2011-01-01

    According to the needs of vehicle manufacturers'product design department, and in light to the defects in the traditional design process of GD&T, computer-aided design tools are used to optimize the design process of GD&T: analyzing and classifying the related auto-body parts feature data, positioning benchmarks, and setting up an auto-body GD&T knowledge database integrated with industry rules and expert knowledge.Based on this database, the Computer Aided Optimization Design System for auto-body GD&T is designed with UG secondary development tools.The System can reduce the reduplicated work in the design process, so as to shorten the design cycle and enhance the design efficiency.%根据汽车制造企业产品设计部门的需求,针对传统GD&T设计流程中存在的一些不足,运用计算机辅助设计工具来对其进行优化:运用数据库知识分析和归类车身零部件相关特征信息和基准信息等资料,并结合工程设计规则和专家知识搭建一个车身尺寸公差信息的知识数据库,在此基础上运用UG二次开发工具设计一个优化车身GD&T设计流程的计算机辅助设计系统,可用于减少GD&T设计流程中大量的重复性工作,以缩短设计周期,提高设计效率.

  18. Quantitative Analysis of Dental Plaque Based on Auto-fluorescence Imaging%基于自体荧光成像的牙菌斑量化分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鞠国浩; 陈庆光; 朱海华; 林斌; 陈晖

    2014-01-01

    Based on the differences between auto-fluorescence spectra of plaque and dental tissue, a quantitative analysis method of plaque using auto-fluorescence imaging was presented. Auto-fluorescence spectrum of tooth samples excited by 405 nm was measured, on the basis of analyzing the correlation between color parameters of fluorescence and dental plaque content, R/B of fluorescence image was proposed as quantitative assessment parameter of dental plaque content, meanwhile long-wavelength pass filter with central wavelength of 490 nm was used to filter fluorescence spectral bands. Finally, experimental setup was built to obtain the auto-fluorescence image. Quantitative analysis results of three different levels of plaque content and distribution was obtained by using R/B value as segmentation thresholds, which confirmed with visual examination results.%本文基于牙菌斑与牙齿组织自体荧光光谱的差异性,提出了一种利用自体荧光成像的牙菌斑量化分析方法。首先测试了牙齿样品在405 nm 激发光作用下自体荧光光谱分布,在分析荧光颜色参量与牙菌斑含量相关性的基础上,提出以荧光图像的R/B作为牙菌斑含量量化的参量,并确定使用中心波长为490 nm的长波通滤光片对荧光光谱波段进行选择性提取。最后,搭建实验装置获取了牙齿自体荧光图像,利用R/B值作为分割阈值得到了三个不同等级的牙菌斑含量与分布的量化分析结果,与视诊结果相符。

  19. Resistance training is medicine: effects of strength training on health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Westcott, Wayne L

    2012-01-01

    Inactive adults experience a 3% to 8% loss of muscle mass per decade, accompanied by resting metabolic rate reduction and fat accumulation. Ten weeks of resistance training may increase lean weight by 1.4 kg, increase resting metabolic rate by 7%, and reduce fat weight by 1.8 kg. Benefits of resistance training include improved physical performance, movement control, walking speed, functional independence, cognitive abilities, and self-esteem. Resistance training may assist prevention and management of type 2 diabetes by decreasing visceral fat, reducing HbA1c, increasing the density of glucose transporter type 4, and improving insulin sensitivity. Resistance training may enhance cardiovascular health, by reducing resting blood pressure, decreasing low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglycerides, and increasing high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Resistance training may promote bone development, with studies showing 1% to 3% increase in bone mineral density. Resistance training may be effective for reducing low back pain and easing discomfort associated with arthritis and fibromyalgia and has been shown to reverse specific aging factors in skeletal muscle.

  20. The Prevalence of Musculoskeletal Disorder and the Association with Risk Factors among Auto Repair Mechanics in Klang Valley, Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Faisal AHMAD NASARUDDIN

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: The primary objective of this study was to determine the association between risk factors and the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorder (MSD among auto repair mechanics in Klang Valley, Malaysia.Methods: Overall, 191 mechanics from eight auto repair centers in Klang Valley, Malaysia were stratified sampling as participants of this study. A modified version of the general Standardized Nordic Questionnaire was used for analyses of perceived MSD in nine different parts of the body. Rapid Upper Limb Assessment (RULA, vibration measurement on hand power tool, questionnaire on job content, force exertion was used in this study. Direct logistic regression was performed to assess the impact of risk factors on the MSD prevalence. The probability limits for evaluating statistical significance was P < 0.05.Results: 87.4% of auto repair mechanics suffered from MSD. Logistic regression analysis revealed that factors were associated with symptoms on MSD: RULA (7.933, 95% CI 4.637-13.573 and orceful exertion (3.173, 95% CI 1.194 – 8.432. The magnitude of vibration of power tool exceeds action level 2.5m/s2 with (Mean=3.99+S.E. 0.071 and showed significant association with MSD in this study (P<0.05.Conclusion: Auto repair mechanics at auto repair centers in Klang Valley are likely to be exposed to a variety of ergonomic hazards and risk factors. Therefore, ergonomics awareness between employer and employee with training and information sharing shall be increase to reduce the prevalence of MSDs. Keywords: Musculoskeletal disorder (MSD, Auto repair mechanics, Hand arm vibration

  1. Technical Training: Places available

    CERN Multimedia

    Monique Duval

    2005-01-01

    The number of places available may vary. Please check our Web site to find out the current availability. Places are available on the following courses: Hands-on Introduction to Python Programming: 28 - 30.6.2005 (3 days) Introduction to ANSYS: 21 - 24.6.2005 (4 days) IT3T/3 - Working remotely with Windows XP: 28.6.2005 (IT Technical Training Tutorial, free of charge) IT3T/4 - Editing Websites with Frontpage 2003: 30.6.2005 (IT Technical Training Tutorial, free of charge) Utilisation des fichiers PDF avec ACROBAT 7.0 : 5.7.2005 (1 jour) FrontPage 2003 - niveau 1 : 6-7.7.2005 (2 jours) LabVIEW base 1 : 4 - 6.7.2005 (3 jours) LabVIEW Basics 2: 7 - 8.7.2005 (2 days) WORD 2003 (Short Course I) - HowTo... Work with repetitive tasks /AutoText, AutoFormat, AutoCorrect, Find/Replace) : 4.7.2005 (afternoon) WORD 2003 (Short Course II) - HowTo... Mail merge: 5.7.2005 (afternoon) WORD 2003 (Short Course III) - HowTo (4 mornings) EXCEL 2003 (Short Course I) - HowTo... Work ...

  2. Technical Training: Places available

    CERN Multimedia

    Monique Duval

    2005-01-01

    The number of places available may vary. Please check our Web site to find out the current availability. Places are available on the following courses: Hands-on Introduction to Python Programming: 28 - 30.6.2005 (3 days) Introduction to ANSYS: 28.6 - 1.7.2005 (4 days) IT3T/3 - Working remotely with Windows XP: 28.6.2005 (IT Technical Training Tutorial, free of charge) IT3T/4 - Editing Websites with Frontpage 2003: 30.6.2005 (IT Technical Training Tutorial, free of charge) LabVIEW base 1 : 4 - 6.7.2005 (3 jours) LabVIEW Basics 2: 7 - 8.7.2005 (2 days) Utilisation des fichiers PDF avec ACROBAT 7.0 : 5.7.2005 (1 jour) FrontPage 2003 - niveau 1 : 6-7.7.2005 (2 jours) WORD 2003 (Short Course I) - HowTo... Work with repetitive tasks /AutoText, AutoFormat, AutoCorrect, Find/Replace) : 4.7.2005 (afternoon) WORD 2003 (Short Course II) - HowTo... Mail merge: 5.7.2005 (afternoon) WORD 2003 (Short Course III) - HowTo... Work with long documents : 6.7.2005 (afternoon) ACCES...

  3. A method for converting three-dimensional models into auto-stereoscopic images based on integral photography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katayama, Miwa; Iwadate, Yuichi

    2008-02-01

    We have been researching three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction from images captured by multiple cameras. Currently, we are investigating how to convert 3D models into stereoscopic images. We are interested in integral photography (IP), one of many stereoscopic display systems, because the IP display system reconstructs complete 3D auto-stereoscopic images in theory. This system consists of a high-resolution liquid-crystal panel and a lens array. It enables users to obtain a perspective view of 3D auto-stereoscopic images from any direction. We developed a method for converting 3D models into IP images using the OpenGL API. This method can be applied to normal CG objects because the 3D model is described in a CG format. In this paper, we outline our 3D modeling method and the performance of an IP display system. Then we discuss the method for converting 3D models into IP images and report experimental results.

  4. Study on Auto-DR and Pre-Cooling of Commercial Buildings with Thermal Mass in California

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yin, Rongxin; Xu, Peng; Piette, Mary Ann; Kiliccote, Sila

    2010-01-09

    This paper discusses how to optimize pre-cooling strategies for buildings in a hot California climate zone with the Demand Response Quick Assessment Tool (DRQAT), a building energy simulation tool. This paper outlines the procedure used to develop and calibrate DRQAT simulation models, and applies this procedure to eleven field test buildings. The results of a comparison between the measured demand savings during the peak period and the savings predicted by the simulation model indicate that the predicted demand shed match well with measured data for the corresponding auto-demand response (Auto-DR) days. The study shows that the accuracy of the simulation models is greatly improved after calibrating the initial models with measured data. These improved models can be used to predict load reductions for automated demand response events. The simulation results were compared with field test data to confirm the actual effect of demand response strategies. Results indicate that the optimal demand response strategies worked well for most of the buildings tested in this hot climate zone.

  5. SPATIAL-SPECTRAL CLASSIFICATION BASED ON THE UNSUPERVISED CONVOLUTIONAL SPARSE AUTO-ENCODER FOR HYPERSPECTRAL REMOTE SENSING IMAGERY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    X. Han

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Current hyperspectral remote sensing imagery spatial-spectral classification methods mainly consider concatenating the spectral information vectors and spatial information vectors together. However, the combined spatial-spectral information vectors may cause information loss and concatenation deficiency for the classification task. To efficiently represent the spatial-spectral feature information around the central pixel within a neighbourhood window, the unsupervised convolutional sparse auto-encoder (UCSAE with window-in-window selection strategy is proposed in this paper. Window-in-window selection strategy selects the sub-window spatial-spectral information for the spatial-spectral feature learning and extraction with the sparse auto-encoder (SAE. Convolution mechanism is applied after the SAE feature extraction stage with the SAE features upon the larger outer window. The UCSAE algorithm was validated by two common hyperspectral imagery (HSI datasets – Pavia University dataset and the Kennedy Space Centre (KSC dataset, which shows an improvement over the traditional hyperspectral spatial-spectral classification methods.

  6. CERN hosts training event on international management

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    CERN held its first training event on international management at the Globe on 2 October, sharing its expertise with high-level Swiss managers as part of their year-long part-time executive training programme on advanced management. CERN is often talked about in terms of impressive statistics: the coldest place in the universe, the largest accelerator, the greatest volume of data. Whilst the science is undeniably remarkable, it is backed by a management infrastructure that has to be as cutting-edge as the research it supports. On 2 October, the Learning and Development section of HR organised an event for 60 delegates to come to CERN to learn about international management from those who have taken on the management challenges at the heart of this unique institution. It was the first time that CERN had prepared such an event. SKU, a non-profit organisation, approached our management training team to arrange the event as part of a wee...

  7. Design of auto-scoring system based on computer vision%基于计算机视觉的自动阅卷系统的设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王杉; 丁磊

    2014-01-01

    An auto-scoring system based on computer vision is designed, the paper proposes filled sign recognition algorithm based on Perceptual Hash Algorithm (PHA) and result judged algorithm based on images compared approximation, in order to solve the problem of recognize fill sign and auto-scoring. The realization and measurement indicates that the system has faster processing speed, high accuracy and ease of use.%基于计算机视觉技术设计了一个自动阅卷系统,为解决试卷填涂信息识别问题和自动判卷问题,提出了基于感知哈希技术的试卷填涂信息识别算法和基于图像比较近似度结果的判卷算法。通过系统实现与测试,系统拥有较快的处理速度、较高的准确性和易用性。

  8. A Study on Coordinate Rransformation of Integral Graph Four-parameter Based on AutoCAD%基于AutoCAD的整图四参数坐标转换

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨勇; 李光辉; 苏莲萍; 翟亚克

    2013-01-01

    This paper discusses the methods of coordinate transformation of integral graph four-parameter. Using Computer Programming Languages to design four-parameter conversion program which is practiced in coordinate transformation.It brings convenience for reasonable and efficient use of graphic data under different coordinate system.%简述了基于AutoCAD的整图四参数法坐标转方法,使用计算机编程语言进行四参数法转换程序设计,并应用该转换程序进行坐标转换的实践,为不同坐标系下尤其是图形数据的合理、高效利用提供便利。

  9. Study on Development Technology of Production Drawing Gallery of Belt Conveyer Middle Frame Based on AutoLISP%基于AutoLISP的带式输送机中间架生产图图库的开发技术研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩素兰; 郭术义; 赵俊龙; 袁丽娟

    2015-01-01

    The DTⅡ( K) type of belt conveyer is a general series of product which should be designed by series components. Based on different terrain and transportation distance, the type of the belt conveyer middle frame which has standard length or opposite can be di-vided into three types of straight, convex arc and concave arc. AutoLISP is used to make AutoCAD secondary development to generate the production drawings for the middle frame. According to the type and length of the frame, different dialog boxes have been pro-grammed. After the belt width is determined, the corresponding parameters are input into the dialog boxes to generate production draw-ings for the middle frame with different type and length. Thus, the parametric design for the production drawing gallery of middle frame is achieved.%DTⅡ( K)型带式输送机是通用型系列产品,设计时按部件系列进行设计,根据地形和输送距离等情况的不同,机架部分的中间架有直型、凸弧型和凹弧型3种,种类有标准长度和非标准长度.为提高设计效率,针对带式输送机中间架生产图,运用AutoLISP语言对AutoCAD进行二次开发,根据不同的形式、种类,通过相应对话框,在确定带宽后,通过编制好的程序,输入相应参数,生成不同形式、不同种类的中间架等部件的生产图,实现中间架生产图的参数化设计.

  10. Effectiveness of team training on fall prevention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spiva, LeeAnna; Robertson, Bethany; Delk, Marcia L; Patrick, Sara; Kimrey, Margaret Michelle; Green, Beverly; Gallagher, Erin

    2014-01-01

    A longitudinal, repeated-measures design with intervention and comparison groups was used to evaluate the effect of a training curriculum based on TeamSTEPPS with video vignettes focusing on fall prevention. Questionnaires, behavioral observations, and fall data were collected over 9 months from both groups located at separate hospitals. The intervention group questionnaire scores improved on all measures except teamwork perception, while observations revealed an improvement in communication compared with the control group. Furthermore, a 60% fall reduction rate was reported in the intervention group. Team training may be a promising intervention to reduce falls.

  11. 基于SERVQUAL的汽车4S店服务质量评价%Service Quality Evaluation of Auto 4S shop Based on SERVQUAL

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡斌祥; 严岿; 李江天

    2011-01-01

    汽车服务对于汽车厂商的市场竞争具有重要的意义,在深入分析汽车4S店服务特点的基础上,以SERVQUAL模型为基础,开发了衡量汽车4S店服务质量的量表,以实现对汽车4S店服务质量的科学评价,对于提高汽车4S店的服务质量具有一定的意义.%Car service is significant for car makers in the market competition. The characteristics of auto 4S shops' services were investigated. Based on the SERVQUAL model,service quality of automotive 4S shop was measured. Scientific evaluation on the service quality was then achieved. It is of great positive significance for the service quality improvement of the auto 4S Shops.

  12. Organophosphate antidote auto-injectors vs. traditional administration: a time motion study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rebmann, Terri; Clements, Bruce W; Bailey, Jeffrey A; Evans, R Gregory

    2009-08-01

    Organophosphates may be used as weapons in chemical attacks on civilian or military populations. Antidotes are available to counter the effects of organophosphates, but they must be administered shortly after exposure. Timing required to administer organophosphate antidotes using traditional equipment vs. auto-injectors has not been studied. This study is intended to quantify and compare the time required to administer organophosphate antidotes using traditional equipment vs. auto-injectors in different treatment conditions. The study was a randomized, un-blinded design. There were 62 participants assigned to one of three groups: Mark I, ATNAA (antidote treatment nerve agent auto-injector), and traditional needle/syringe; however, the results from only 56 participants could be analyzed. Injection trials were videotaped. Subjects also completed a 14-item survey containing demographic questions, perceived ease of injection, receipt of prior training, and preferred training format for organophosphate treatment. Injection time differentials were compared using one-way analysis of variance; post hoc evaluation was performed using the Scheffe test with Bonferroni correction. Fifty-six subjects completed this study. The ATNAA required less time to administer than the Mark I or traditional needle/syringe devices (p antidote treatment. An ATNAA auto-injector can be administered in less than half the time it takes to administer a single injection using a needle and syringe or two injections using a Mark I. Mark I can be administered in approximately the same amount of time it takes to administer a single injection using a needle and syringe. The difference between injection time for the ATNAA and needle and syringe would have been even larger if two injections were given with the needle and syringe. The wearing or absence of personal protective equipment does not affect injection time.

  13. Educational approach on stroke training in Europe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corea, F; Gunther, A; Kwan, J; Petzold, A; Debette, S; Sessa, M; Silvestrelli, G; Parnetti, L; Tambasco, N

    2006-01-01

    According to the European Stroke Initiative (EUSI), stroke care is best delivered within a stroke unit by a specialized multidisciplinary stroke team led by stroke specialists. At present, there is no guideline or consensus regarding training requirements or clinical standards that stroke specialists should achieve. It is envisaged that stroke specialists in training would need to acquire adequate knowledge and competency across three major areas of stroke care: acute stroke, stroke rehabilitation, and stroke prevention. With an EUSI document, the European Association of Young Neurologists and Trainees Stroke Subspeciality Group aims to promote discussion on the many aspects of stroke training and the requirements to be a stroke specialist in the European community. The ultimate purpose is to agree on common standards to promote good clinical care and effective stroke prevention across Europe. In the future, this may be translated into better patient outcome and a reduction in the global burden of this condition.

  14. Adaptive skin detection based on online training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Ming; Tang, Liang; Zhou, Jie; Rong, Gang

    2007-11-01

    Skin is a widely used cue for porn image classification. Most conventional methods are off-line training schemes. They usually use a fixed boundary to segment skin regions in the images and are effective only in restricted conditions: e.g. good lightness and unique human race. This paper presents an adaptive online training scheme for skin detection which can handle these tough cases. In our approach, skin detection is considered as a classification problem on Gaussian mixture model. For each image, human face is detected and the face color is used to establish a primary estimation of skin color distribution. Then an adaptive online training algorithm is used to find the real boundary between skin color and background color in current image. Experimental results on 450 images showed that the proposed method is more robust in general situations than the conventional ones.

  15. PID design based on Maclaurin expansion and its model-free auto-tuning%基于Maclaurin展开的PID设计与无模型自整定

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨启文; 阳外玲; 薛云灿; 余福祥; 杨远慧

    2011-01-01

    针对自衡对象,提出一种基于期望模型的PID自整定方法,该方法无需被控对象的数学模型.利用Maclaurin腱开技术,给出了PID控制器的整定公式:并通过开环阶跃响应,实现了PID控制器的无模型白整定.仿真结果表明,利用该自整定方法所得的PID能有效地提高高阶被控对象的系统性能;即使在噪声环境下,该方法仍具有很好的鲁棒性.%A method of auto-tuning for PID controller based on the desired model is presented for the stable plant in this paper. No model of controlled plants is needed by using the proposed method. The tuning of PID controller is formulated by using the Maclaurin expansion. The model-free auto-tuning of PID controller is implemented during the open loop step response. Simulation results show that the resulting PID controller is capable of enhancing the control performance for high-order plant effectively, and the proposed method has a strong robustness even under noise condition.

  16. Effect of preparation conditions on Nickel Zinc Ferrite nanoparticles: A comparison between sol–gel auto combustion and co-precipitation methods

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manju Kurian

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The experimental conditions used in the preparation of nano crystalline mixed ferrite materials play an important role in the particle size of the product. In the present work a comparison is made on sol–gel auto combustion methods and co-precipitation methods by preparing Nickel Zinc Ferrite (Ni0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4 nano particles. The prepared ferrite samples were calcined at different temperatures and characterized by using standard methods. X-ray diffraction analysis indicated the formation of single phase ferrite nanoparticles for samples calcined at 500 °C. The lattice parameter range of 8.32–8.49 Å confirmed the cubic spinel structure. Average crystallite size estimated from X-ray diffractogram was found to be between 17 and 40 nm. The IR spectra showed two main absorption bands, the high frequency band ν1 around 600 cm−1 and the low frequency band ν2 around 400 cm−1 arising from tetrahedral (A and octahedral (B interstitial sites in the spinel lattice. TEM pictures showed particles in the nanometric range confirming the XRD data. The studies revealed that the sol–gel auto combustion method was superior to the co-precipitation method for producing single phase nano particles with smaller crystallite size.

  17. Influence of fuel type, dilution and equivalence ratio on the emission reduction from the auto-ignition in an Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition engine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Machrafi, Hatim [UPMC Universite Paris 06, ENSCP, 11 rue de Pierre et Marie Curie, 75005 Paris (France); UPMC Universite Paris 06, Institut Jean Le Rond D' Alembert, 4 place Jussieu, 75252 Paris cedex 05 (France); Universite Libre de Bruxelles, TIPs - Fluid Physics, CP165/67, 50 Avenue F.D. Roosevelt, 1050 Brussels (Belgium); Cavadias, Simeon [UPMC Universite Paris 06, ENSCP, 11 rue de Pierre et Marie Curie, 75005 Paris (France); UPMC Universite Paris 06, Institut Jean Le Rond D' Alembert, 4 place Jussieu, 75252 Paris cedex 05 (France); Amouroux, Jacques [UPMC Universite Paris 06, ENSCP, 11 rue de Pierre et Marie Curie, 75005 Paris (France)

    2010-04-15

    One technology that seems to be promising for automobile pollution reduction is the Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI). This technology still faces auto-ignition and emission-control problems. This paper focuses on the emission problem, since it is incumbent to realize engines that pollute less. For this purpose, this paper presents results concerning the measurement of the emissions of CO, NO{sub x}, CO{sub 2}, O{sub 2} and hydrocarbons. HCCI conditions are used, with equivalence ratios between 0.26 and 0.54, inlet temperatures of 70 C and 120 C and compression ratios of 10.2 and 13.5, with different fuel types: gasoline, gasoline surrogate, diesel, diesel surrogate and mixtures of n-heptane/toluene. The effect of dilution is considered for gasoline, while the effect of the equivalence ratio is considered for all the fuels. No significant amount of NO{sub x} has been measured. It appeared that the CO, O{sub 2} and hydrocarbon emissions were reduced by decreasing the toluene content of the fuel and by decreasing the dilution. The opposite holds for CO{sub 2}. The reduction of the hydrocarbon emission appears to compete with the reduction of the CO{sub 2} emission. Diesel seemed to produce less CO and hydrocarbons than gasoline when auto-ignited. An example of emission reduction control is presented in this paper. (author)

  18. Design on Remote Auto Measurement and Control Device of Date Recorder%远程自动数据记录器测控装置设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李京蔓; 张彦军

    2013-01-01

    At present, there still are three deficiencies for the auto measurement and control device of data recorder , no monitoring function or low monitoring capacity; low reliability of instructions that are controlled by upper computer software in the monitoring process and monitoring distance is short. The three issues, describe the design of the remote auto measurement and control device of rocket data recorder in detail are focused on.%目前数据记录器自动测控装置存在无监测或监测能力低、监测过程中上位机软指令可靠性低、监测距离短等不足.围绕这三个问题详细介绍了远程自动数据记录器测控装置的设计.此系统已配合弹载数据记录器应用于某发射试验中,完成了对弹载数据记录器的记录及监测及数据回读.

  19. Repercussões na auto-estima provocadas pela tricotomia em craniotomia Repercusiones en la auto estima provocadas por la tricotomía en craneotomía Hair removal repercussions on patient's self-esteem in craniotomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Solange Diccini

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do estudo foi avaliar a repercussão da tricotomia na autoestima do paciente no pós-operatório de craniotomia. Estudo quantitativo do tipo prospectivo. Os dados mostram que a maioria dos pacientes referiu não ter sua autoestima alterada em função da tricotomia; predomina a manutenção da autoestima entre os pacientes que receberam orientação sobre a tricotomia; a maioria fez uso de acessórios como estratégia para ocultar a área raspada, e acredita que a tricotomia não prejudica a qualidade de vida nem interfere nas relações sociais. Conclui-se que os sentimentos relacionados à diminuição da autoestima são a perda da atração, a insegurança e a vergonha; há a necessidade de uso de acessórios para melhorar a auto-imagem, e os profissionais da saúde devem trabalhar com os aspectos psicossociais dos pacientes no pré e pós-operatórios.El objetivo del estudio fue evaluar la repercusión de la tricotomía en la auto estima del paciente en el posoperatorio de craneotomía. Estudio cuantitativo del tipo prospectivo. Los datos muestran que la mayoría de los pacientes refirió no tener su auto estima alterada en función de la tricotomía; predomina el mantenimiento de la auto estima entre los pacientes que recibieron orientación sobre la tricotomía; la mayoría hizo uso de accesorios como estrategia para ocultar el área raspada y piensa que la tricotomía no perjudica la calidad de vida y no interfiere en las relaciones sociales. Se concluye que los sentimientos relacionados a la disminución de la auto estima son la pérdida de la atracción, la inseguridad y la vergüenza; hay necesidad de usar de accesorios para mejorar la auto imagen y los profesionales de la salud deben trabajar con los aspectos psicosociales de los pacientes en el pre y pos operatorio.This quantitative-based, prospective-oriented study aims to evaluate the repercussion of hair removal in post-craniotomy's patient self-esteem. Data show that

  20. Research on the CAD System of Curve Based on VBA of AutoCAD Software%直动式凸轮轮廓CAD系统的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩喜英

    2007-01-01

    介绍用VBA创建图形用户界面、编制宏代码以及在AutoCAD中设计和绘制出凸轮轮廓曲线的方法,并设计开发了基于VBA的凸轮轮CAD系统,为在AutoCAD中设计和绘制复杂平面曲线提供了例证.

  1. Reduced PM2.5 in Trujillo, Peru, on El Dia Sin Autos ("The Day Without Cars").

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cassidy, Brandon E; Aguilar-Villalobos, Manuel; Ryan, P Barry; Naeher, Luke P

    2010-01-01

    Street-level and rooftop (three-story building) concentrations of particulate matter Autos ("The Day Without Cars"). The mean 8:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. street-level PM2.5 concentration during the motor vehicle ban (21.4 microg/m3; one day) was 49% lower than when vehicles were not impeded (42.2 +/- 7.8 microg/m3--mean +/- 1 standard deviation; 20 days). The rooftop monitoring station indicated a 20% decrease in PM2.5 concentrations (24.8 +/- 2.6 microg/m3 vs. 19.9 +/- 6.0 microg/m3) when motor vehicles were not present within historic downtown Trujillo. Temperature, relative humidity, and wind speed during the motor vehicle ban and during normal traffic were not significantly different (p > .05).

  2. Application and Implementation of the Structured Assembly Process Planning in A Auto Enterprise Based on TS16949

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sun Jiakun

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Process planning is the key link that connects the product design and manufacture. In order to continually improve the effectiveness and efficiency of process planning an auto enterprise in consistent with the process management requirements of TS16949, the requirements for assembly process planning is analysed and the main problems affecting the design and production efficiency are discussed. The infrastructure of the structured process planning and management platform is constructed combing the management technology and TS16949 quality system, then the structured PPPR (product, process, plant and resourcemodel is reintegrated to analyze the relationships among the objects with the object-oriented method. In the end, with the principles of maintaining conveniently and operating practically, the assembly process planning and management system is implemented according to the characteristics of the process in the enterprise, and the main function modules of the system are described.

  3. Fast and accurate auto-focusing algorithm based on the combination of depth from focus and improved depth from defocus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Xuedian; Liu, Zhaoqing; Jiang, Minshan; Chang, Min

    2014-12-15

    An auto-focus method for digital imaging systems is proposed that combines depth from focus (DFF) and improved depth from defocus (DFD). The traditional DFD method is improved to become more rapid, which achieves a fast initial focus. The defocus distance is first calculated by the improved DFD method. The result is then used as a search step in the searching stage of the DFF method. A dynamic focusing scheme is designed for the control software, which is able to eliminate environmental disturbances and other noises so that a fast and accurate focus can be achieved. An experiment is designed to verify the proposed focusing method and the results show that the method's efficiency is at least 3-5 times higher than that of the traditional DFF method.

  4. Automatic Generation of Unfolded Drawing of Cylinder Based on AutoCAD%基于AutoCAD二维环境下柱面展开图的自动生成

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓启超; 刘涛

    2002-01-01

    在Windows9X/NT环境下,利用AutoCAD提供的Active Automation 开发工具,针对工程制图中绘制曲面展开图工作量大、精度低等缺点而开发的一种基于光线反(折)射原理的新方法.应用该方法可准确、自动地绘制柱面展开图,满足工程设计和数控加工的需要.

  5. 基于AutoCAD VBA的方圆接头建模与展开%Modeling and Development Drawing of Rectangle-Circ1e Variational Connector based on AutoCAD VBA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄华

    2012-01-01

    针对方圆接头三维软件建模精度不高、建模过程较复杂以及展开图形不能自动进行标注等问题,介绍了一种基于AutoCAD VBA技术的方圆接头钣金件的三维建模与展开技术.运行结果表明,所述方法建模准确可靠,实现了展开图的自动绘制与标注自动化.

  6. 基于AutoCAD VBA的方圆接头建模与展开研究%Modeling and development drawing of rectangle-circle variational connector based on AutoCAD VBA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邰茜

    2012-01-01

    针对方圆接头三维软件建模精度不高、建模过程较复杂以及展开图形不能自动进行标注等问题,介绍了一种基于AutoCAD VBA技术的方圆接头钣金件的三维建模与展开技术.运行结果表明,本文所述方法建模准确可靠,实现了展开图的自动绘制与标注自动化.

  7. Effect of exercise training on leucine oxidation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hendrix, M.K.; Layman, D.K.

    1986-03-01

    Oxidation of the BCAA leucine is increased during a bout of exhaustive exercise. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of exercise training on leu oxidation during aerobic exercise. Female Sprague-Dawley rats were fed a commercial diet ad lib and divided into sedentary and two trained groups. Animals were trained to run on a treadmill with a 10/sup 0/ incline at 28 m/min for 5 wks for either 50 or 120 min/day. There were no differences in food intake or body weight. After a 12 hr fast, animals were run for 50 or 120 min and changes in leu catabolism determined by measurement of in vivo leu oxidation and activity of branched chain keto acid dehydrogenase (BCKAD). For measurement of leu oxidation, rats were injected IP with 4 ..mu..Ci 1-/sup 14/C-leu during the last 15 min of exercise, placed in glass metabolic chambers, and /sup 14/CO/sub 2/ collected in 1 N NaOH for 30 min periods. Leu oxidation was increased by 40% after 50 min of exercise and by 79% after 120 min of exercise. Five weeks of training reduced the rate of leu oxidation during an exercise bout. The activity of the BCKAD was not increased in the trained animals after either 50 or 120 min of exercise. These data indicate that the rate of leu oxidation during exercises is dependent on the duration of the exercise and that training will reduce the magnitude of this effect.

  8. 75 FR 78807 - Agency Information Collection (Other On-The-Job Training and Apprenticeship Training Agreement...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-16

    ... ] OMB Desk Officer, OMB Human Resources and Housing Branch, New Executive Office Building, Room 10235... AFFAIRS Agency Information Collection (Other On-The-Job Training and Apprenticeship Training Agreement and Standards and Employer's Application To Provide Job Training) Activity Under OMB Review AGENCY:...

  9. 38 CFR 21.134 - Limitation on flight training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Limitation on flight.... Chapter 31 Educational and Vocational Training Services § 21.134 Limitation on flight training. Flight... that include required flight training. This type of training is otherwise subject to the...

  10. Green Project in Auto Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang Wei

    2007-01-01

    @@ Automobile industry in China is developing very fast,which brings great business opportunities.In 2006,China was ranked the third in the world only after the United States and Japan in terms of auto sales.As the vehicle population in China is rocketing,a series of related social problems are emerging.How to fast develop auto industfy,and at the same time,protect our lwing environment? A green project is in urgent need.

  11. Japan on Track for Second Maanetic Train

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王全良

    1996-01-01

    Japan’s famous magnetic levitation train, Maglev,has a rival that couldbe operated sooner. A system run by a subsidiary of Japan Airlines will startrunning commercially in 1999 on a track near Yokohama. Like Maglev, theHigh Speed Surface Transport (HSST) will be supported and propelled by mag-nets, though they will be in different configuration.

  12. The Effects of High Intensity Interval Training vs Steady State Training on Aerobic and Anaerobic Capacity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foster, Carl; Farland, Courtney V.; Guidotti, Flavia; Harbin, Michelle; Roberts, Brianna; Schuette, Jeff; Tuuri, Andrew; Doberstein, Scott T.; Porcari, John P.

    2015-01-01

    High intensity interval training (HIIT) has become an increasingly popular form of exercise due to its potentially large effects on exercise capacity and small time requirement. This study compared the effects of two HIIT protocols vs steady-state training on aerobic and anaerobic capacity following 8-weeks of training. Fifty-five untrained college-aged subjects were randomly assigned to three training groups (3x weekly). Steady-state (n = 19) exercised (cycle ergometer) 20 minutes at 90% of ventilatory threshold (VT). Tabata (n = 21) completed eight intervals of 20s at 170% VO2max/10s rest. Meyer (n = 15) completed 13 sets of 30s (20 min) @ 100% PVO2 max/ 60s recovery, average PO = 90% VT. Each subject did 24 training sessions during 8 weeks. Results: There were significant (p HIIT protocols are time efficient, they are not superior to conventional exercise training in sedentary young adults. Key points Steady state training equivalent to HIIT in untrained students Mild interval training presents very similar physiologic challenge compared to steady state training HIIT (particularly very high intensity variants were less enjoyable than steady state or mild interval training Enjoyment of training decreases across the course of an 8 week experimental training program PMID:26664271

  13. Auto-correlation Properties of Scattering Light in Ultrasound-modulated Random Media

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Xiqin; XING Da; LIU Ying; MA Shining

    2001-01-01

    In this paper, the auto-correlation properties of scattering light in random media modulated by ultrasound were studied. The expression of temporal auto-correlation function of scattering light amplitude in the ultrasound-modulated media was presented. The results show that the auto-correlation function is modulated as the ultrasound is introduced into the media and the modulation amplitude decays with correlation time. The influences of ultrasound amplitude, Brownian diffusion coefficient, scattering and absorption coefficients on auto-correlation function were discussed. The auto-correlation imaging of an object hidden in random media was also studied by the use of Monte Carlo simulations.

  14. 基于工作过程的汽车维护课程开发和实践%Auto Maintenance Curriculum Development and Practice Based on Working Process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李穗平

    2012-01-01

    This paper analyzes the basic ideas of training objectives and curriculum design of vocational technical vehicle inspection and maintenance work on the process of professional "Auto maintenance" course, from curriculum design, cur- riculum organization and curriculum assessment programs in curriculum development described and practice of specific practices, listed in detail in the design of the curriculum development process of the seven learning scenarios.%文章分析了高职汽车检测与维修技术专业基于工作过程的汽车维护课程的培养目标和课程设计的基本思路。从课程内容的设计、课程的教学组织和课程考核方案等方面阐述了课程开发和实践的具体做法,详细列举了该课程开发过程中设计的七大学习情景。

  15. 面向绿色供应链的汽车零部件供应商选择研究%Study on Selecting Suppliers of Auto Components and Parts Based on Green Supply Chain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李小鹏; 路忻

    2014-01-01

    Green supply chain is an important means to enhance auto manufacturers harmonious with the environment, it’s the foundation for auto manufacturers establishing green system and developing green products that choosing suppliers of auto components and parts correctly based on green supply chain. According to the feature of green supply chain, this essay establishes the evaluate index system for suppliers of auto components and parts, and builds the evaluate model applying threshold method and the gray relational analysis.%绿色供应链是提升汽车制造企业与环境友好的重要手段,面向绿色供应链正确选择零部件供应商是汽车制造企业发展绿色产品、打造绿色体系的基础。文中根据绿色供应链的特征,构建了汽车零部件供应商评价指标体系,并采用阈值法和灰色关联法建立了评价模型,通过算例具体分析了选择供应商的过程,证实了该评价模型的有效性。

  16. 基于Pro/E和AutoCAD设计机械工程图的方法研究%Design method of mechanical engineering drawings based on Pro/E and AutoCAD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丽敏; 计小辈; 曹春雷

    2012-01-01

    利用Pro/E参数驱动的三维模型设计、工程图功能和AutoCAD灵活方便、功能强大的二维图形标注与编辑功能,结合实例来分析利用此两种软件联合设计机械工程图的方法.两者的结合极大地提高设计效率与质量,在机械制图领域有一定的现实意义.%Using the function 3D model design of engineering drawing of Pro/E parameter driven, and the flexible, convenient and powerful 2D graphical annotation and editing function of AutoCAD, combined with the examples to analyze the union of the two software design methods in mechanical engineering drawing. The combination of the them can greatly improve the efficiency and quality of design in mechanical drawing domain, has the certain practical significance.

  17. Auto-focusing accelerating hyper-geometric laser beams

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kovalev, A. A.; Kotlyar, V. V.; Porfirev, A. P.

    2016-02-01

    We derive a new solution to the paraxial wave equation that defines a two-parameter family of three-dimensional structurally stable vortex annular auto-focusing hyper-geometric (AH) beams, with their complex amplitude expressed via a degenerate hyper-geometric function. The AH beams are found to carry an orbital angular momentum and be auto-focusing, propagating on an accelerating path toward a focus, where the annular intensity pattern is ‘sharply’ reduced in diameter. An explicit expression for the complex amplitude of vortex annular auto-focusing hyper-geometric-Gaussian beams is derived. The experiment has been shown to be in good agreement with theory.

  18. The Supervisor and On-the-Job Training. Fourth Edition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Broadwell, Martin M.

    This training book is designed to help supervisors give accurate and effective on-the-job training (OJT) to employees under their supervision. Chapter 1 identifies good and bad training and good and bad reasons for training. Chapter 2 examines human learning and three motivators: desire for reward, fear of punishment, and curiosity. Chapter 3…

  19. The Impact of Reason for Training on the Relationship between "Best Practices" and Sexual Harassment Training Effectiveness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perry, Elissa L.; Kulik, Carol T.; Bustamante, Jennifer; Golom, Frank D.

    2010-01-01

    The current study explored the use of best training practices on human resources managers' perceptions of sexual harassment training success and frequency of sexual harassment complaints. Results revealed no main effects of best training practices on sexual harassment training success. However, effects of best training practices on sexual…

  20. The Effects of Behavioral Skills Training on Mand Training by Staff and Unprompted Vocal Mands by Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nigro-Bruzzi, Darlene; Sturmey, Peter

    2010-01-01

    We evaluated the effects of a training package, including instructions, modeling, rehearsal, and feedback, for training staff members to conduct mand training with children. Experimenters collected data on staff performance on each step of a task analysis of mand training and on unprompted child vocal mands. Training resulted in increases in staff…

  1. Auto-correlation Effects on the sp3-d Exchange Interaction in Cd1-xMnxTe/CdTe Multilayers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    K. Afif; A. Benyoussef; J. Diouri

    2002-01-01

    Band offsets and total energy of Wannier excitons in multilayers are affected by dimensional and auto-correlation effects, and sp3-d coupling is consequently modified. Thus, the calculation of the Zeeman splitting in the quantum wells has to take into account these effects, especially when the mismatch cannot be disregarded. In this work,the theoretical study of these combined effects has been performed for Cd1-xMnx Te/CdTe multilayers embedded by Cd1-yZny Te as the substrate (or the buffer) on one side and as a cladding layer on the other side. This sample allows us to highlight the role played by the substrate (buffer) and the growth direction on the Zeeman splitting in such multilayers.

  2. 相干光通信系统中的自动相位补偿方法实验%Experiment on auto-compensation method of phase drift in optical coherent-detection system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐盛晨; 喻松; 柯超凡; 顾畹仪

    2013-01-01

    Phase drift has always been a serious problem in the implementation process of optical coherent-detection systems . Recognizing the root causes of this problem , an auto-compensation algorithm was proposed , aiming at reducing the negativeimpact of phase drift on light pulses transmitting through optic links . Based on theoretical analysis and practical research , the auto-compensation moduleusing advanced hardware was realized , and integrate it into the optical coherent-detection system we built earlier for experiment use . Compared with the previous scenario in with the phase changed randomly , it can now be compensated completely . The experimental result shows that after adopting the proposed method that inserts synchronization and training sequences into the raw data periodically , the authors are now able to calculate the feedback signal , which is applied to the control input of phase modulator , to stabilize the phase of light pulses , thus enabling data acquisition and recovery on the receiver side .%相位漂移一直是相干光通信系统实施过程中需克服的关键问题之一。在弄清了该问题的根本原因后,给出了一个自动补偿算法,用于减轻相位漂移对光链路中传输的光脉冲所产生的不利影响。基于理论研究和实验分析,用先进的硬件技术实现了自动补偿模块,并将其集成到早起搭建的相干光通信系统中。相比于之前相位随机抖动的情况,目前相位可被完全补偿。实验结果显示,当采用了笔者提出的为原始数据周期性地添加同步和训练序列的方法后,才可计算反馈信号,该反馈信号输入到相位调制器的控制输入端来稳定光脉冲的相位,并使得接收端的数据采集和恢复成为可能。

  3. The Medical Anthropologist as the Patient: Developing Research Questions on Hospital Food in Japan through Auto-Ethnography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pamela Runestad

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available I was an inpatient at a small maternity clinic in Japan in 2012–13 and found it impossible to separate the way I experienced medical care and my training as a medical anthropologist. As I was encouraged to eat and monitor my weight so that I would “grow” a healthy baby, I recalled how interviewees from my HIV/AIDS project described nourishing their bodies so they could fight disease. Because of my experience in the healthcare system in Japan, I ended up reframing my data to add questions about the role of hospital food in patient care. Meanwhile, I developed the social networks necessary to execute a new project, which I would later undertake. In this essay I argue that medical anthropologists working from a phenomenological perspective may regard their own bodies as assets rather than hindrances in research, and that because bodies are gendered, focusing on this facet of habitus can be particularly informative. I also illustrate how systematic reflection on personal experience in the field (autoethnography aids in the development of research questions and reframing data. Finally, I discuss how highlighting these steps in research methods courses can demystify the research process for students.

  4. A fast mode decision algorithm for multiview auto-stereoscopic 3D video coding based on mode and disparity statistic analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ding, Cong; Sang, Xinzhu; Zhao, Tianqi; Yan, Binbin; Leng, Junmin; Yuan, Jinhui; Zhang, Ying

    2012-11-01

    Multiview video coding (MVC) is essential for applications of the auto-stereoscopic three-dimensional displays. However, the computational complexity of MVC encoders is tremendously huge. Fast algorithms are very desirable for the practical applications of MVC. Based on joint early termination , the selection of inter-view prediction and the optimization of the process of Inter8×8 modes by comparison, a fast macroblock(MB) mode selection algorithm is presented. Comparing with the full mode decision in MVC, the experimental results show that the proposed algorithm can reduce up to 78.13% on average and maximum 90.21% encoding time with a little increase in bit rates and loss in PSNR.

  5. A Quantitative Analysis of Auto Industry Literatures Based on SCIE%基于SCIE的汽车产业文献定量分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高淑萍

    2011-01-01

    Taking the research works on auto industry collected by SCIE database in the period from 2001 to 2010 as the research object,this paper makes analysis on age distribution of literature,languages,literature type,periodicals distribution,author,subject,cita%本文以2001-2010年SCIE数据库收录的汽车产业研究文献为研究对象,对汽车产业文献的年代分布、语种、文献类型、期刊分布、作者、学科、引文情况以及发文量前10名的国家和机构进行了分析,以期了解世界各国在这一研究领域的进展情况。

  6. Design and experiment on auto leveling control system of agricultural implements%农机具自动调平控制系统设计与试验

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡炼; 林潮兴; 罗锡文; 杨伟伟; 许奕; 周浩; 张智刚

    2015-01-01

    To ensure agricultural implement level can improve the quality of work in agricultural machinery operation process. In order to maintain the level of agricultural implements in the field working, an agricultural implement auto leveling control system was developed. Real-time roll angle of tractor was obtained from tractor roll angle sensing system. The core algorithm of tractor roll angle sensing system was the Kalman filtering algorithm of tractor roll angle, which fused an accelerometer and gyroscope data to obtain the real-time roll angle of tractor. The leveling hydraulic cylinder elongation was measured using a straight-line displacement sensor. And the relative roll angle conversion function between agricultural implements and tractor was established. Then by controlling the electromagnetic directional valve, the agricultural implement was kept leveling. This article introduced the principle and structure of agricultural implement auto leveling control system, and the Kalman filtering algorithm of tractor roll angle and the relative roll angle conversion function were analyzed in detail. The tractor roll angle’s Kalman fusion algorithm was tested in SGT320E three-axis turntable platform, and the experiment of agricultural implement auto leveling control system was carried out in the paddy field based on a matching 1PJ-3.0 laser leveler for paddy field. The leveler featured a specially designed leveling plow connected to an ISEKI PG6 transplanter by means of a hydraulically driven three-point linkage. The auto leveling controller used the Proportional-Derivative (PD) control algorithm to calculate pulse width, modulating for driving two ordinary hydraulic solenoid valves as actuators to regulate the plow’s leveling. In order to evaluate the precision of tractor roll angle sensing system and auto leveling control system, 2 inertial reference systems (MTi-300) were installed in the transplanter and plow, respectively. Results showed that, the tractor roll

  7. Five Ministries Jointly Regulates the Order of Auto Export

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ Flive Ministries including the Ministry of Commerce, the National Development and Reform Commission(NDRC), China Customs, General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine, National Certification and Accreditation Administration jointly promulgated a notice on November 31, 2006, announcing that from March 1, 2007,to conduct the license administration on the export of autos (including passenger cars, commercial cars, chassis and full set of auto parts).

  8. A Packaging Carton Design System( Ⅱ )Visual Basic. NET Secondary Development on the Base of AutoCAD%包装纸盒设计系统(Ⅱ)——Visual Basic.NET二次开发AutoCAD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    迟建; 于志彬; 陈志周; 王贞强

    2006-01-01

    AutoCAD为平台,并选择Visual Basic.NET作为二次开发语言,在前面建立了具有平面盒坯图的参数化绘制、纸盒自动折叠成型的动画演示、三维实体的渲染等功能的包装纸盒设计系统的基础上,进一步完成了图层的建立,不同线型及颜色的设定,尺寸自动标注,渲染后实体的动态旋转演示等功能,使这种纸盒CAD新方法更加完善.

  9. 基于AutoCAD的化工设备三维可视化管理及安全评定系统%3D Visual Management and Safety Assessment System for Chemical Equipment Based on AutoCAD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘清亮; 吴俊飞

    2005-01-01

    文中利用VB技术在AutoCAD平台下开发了化工设备三维可视化管理及安全评定系统,该系统集MIS和GIS等功能于一体,能实现化工设备三维模型的参数化建立、设备三维图形与设备属性数据库的交互、设备图形的定位显示、设备的管理及安全评定等功能,为化工设备管理提供了一个更直观的操作方式.

  10. Training Restricted Boltzmann Machines on Word Observations

    CERN Document Server

    Dahl, George E; Larochelle, Hugo

    2012-01-01

    The restricted Boltzmann machine (RBM) is a flexible tool for modeling complex data, however there have been significant computational difficulties in using RBMs to model high-dimensional multinomial observations. In natural language processing applications, words are naturally modeled by K-ary discrete distributions, where K is determined by the vocabulary size and can easily be in the hundred thousands. The conventional approach to training RBMs on word observations is limited because it requires sampling the states of K-way softmax visible units during block Gibbs updates, an operation that takes time linear in K. In this work, we address this issue by employing a more general class of Markov chain Monte Carlo operators on the visible units, yielding updates with computational complexity independent of K. We demonstrate the success of our approach by training RBMs on hundreds of millions of word n-grams using larger vocabularies than previously feasible with RBMs and using the learned features to improve p...

  11. Influence of cerium ions on the anatase-rutile phase transition of TiO2 prepared by sol-gel auto-igniting synthesis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YAN Qingzhi; SU Xintai; ZHOU Yanping; GE Changchun

    2005-01-01

    The anatase-rutile phase transformation of TiO2 doped cerium up to 5 mol% was studied by X-ray diffraction and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The samples were prepared by sol-gel auto-igniting synthesis process from a TiO(NO3)2-Ce(NO3)2-NH4NO3-citric acid complex compound system. The combusted amorphous powders were calcined at different temperatures. Significant structural changes were observed during the various stages of the phase transformation.It was concluded that at low dopant contents, cerium ions were incorporated into the TiO2 structure, and the anatase phase was stabilized; but at larger amounts, part of the dopant was segregated on the surface of TiO2 and the rutile formation was accelerated at elevated calcination temperature.

  12. The Fear of Being Assessed: An Auto-Ethnographic Case Study on Attempts to Engage and Motivate an Individual Disaffected Access Student

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lebor, Merv

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores how a tutor engaged an individual student who was abusive to teachers and would not carry out coursework assessments which tutors had set him in the Lifelong Learning Sector. It offers strategies to overcome barriers to achievement, particularly where a student resists carrying out required assessment tasks. It is a self-reflexive, auto-ethnographic case study. The research is based on observation, interview and a narratology of the researcher’s own involvement in the situation. It is concerned with strategies that worked with this particular student. It argues a case for personal engagement, solution-focused and cognitive behavioural strategies in the teaching/learning situation and offers an overall humanist approach. It ultimately argues for the complexity of understanding the key relationship between teacher and student. It is also concerned with ‘improving practice’ which is the central agenda of this journal.

  13. Auto-Induction Effect of Chloroxoquinoline on the Cytochrome P450 Enzymes of Rats Associated with CYP 3A and 1A.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Xin; Li, Ying; Gong, Wei; Yang, Mei Yan; Yang, Yang; Li, Zhi Ping; Wang, Yu Li; Zhang, Zhen Qing

    2015-01-01

    To investigate the auto-induction of cytochrome P450 (CYP450) by Chloroxoquinoline (CXL), a novel anticancer drug. Three experiments related to the induction of CYP450 were performed: a) In vitro use of the rat fresh hepatocytes model; b) In vivo 'cocktail' of CYP450 probe model; c) Pharmacokinetic (PK) study of the single and multiple doses. Some typical CYP enzyme probes and inducers were used in these experiments and were all determined by HPLC-MS/MS. The expression levels of CYP3A and CYP1A mRNA were analyzed by the real time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) technique. The PK studies showed that the area under the curve (AUC0-t) and the peak concentration (Cmax) of the multiple doses were approximately 2.4-fold and 1.9-fold lower than those of the single dose, respectively (p effect of CXL on CYP450 was further evaluated on rat hepatocytes with four concentrations (1, 10, 50 and 100 μmol/L). Compared with the negative control, the mRNA levels of CYP 1A2 increased significantly in rat hepatocytes after treatment with 10, 50 and 100 μmol/L CXL (p < 0.05). While significant inductions of CYP 3A1 were observed in the entire treated groups. The results of the present study demonstrate enhanced and induced expression of CYP 3A and CYP 1A in response to CXL exposure in rats, suggesting that CXL is an auto-inducer of CYP 3A and CYP 1A.

  14. Suggestions on Training MTI Translators and Interpreters

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐岩

    2013-01-01

    This article gives a brief review of the current state of training MTI translators and interpreters.After analyzing the problems that exist in course of the training,the author,as a student of MTI,puts forth some suggestions to improve the MTI training in colleges and universities to train practical translators and interpreters from the point of view of learning.

  15. Use of SWOT on SI Training

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨文寅

    2012-01-01

      SI, simultaneous interpretation, is always considered mysterious and machine-like. In daily practice, we are still puz⁃zled or even depressed when being told that the only path to success is the repetition of tedious practice. Definitely, practice makes perfect but enacting of scientific method enables a winged tiger. SWOT analysis, which stands for Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats, provides us with an effective training theory. This article would focus on materializing SWOT into our SI practice.

  16. Energy-efficient & Eco-friendly Autos Become the Focus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ In the year of 2006, China produced and sold over 7.2 million automobiles, representing a year-on-year growth of more than 25%. In this regard, China has become the second largest market only to the U.S. for new autos. By the end of last year, the total amount of autos owned by China stood around 40 million, and it was predicted that this figure would roar to 70 million 3 years later.

  17. Integrated Development of Embedded Systems with AutoFocus

    OpenAIRE

    Franz Huber; Bernhard Schaetz

    2016-01-01

    This article presents AutoFocus, a tool prototype for formally based development of distributed, embedded systems. AutoFocus supports system development offering integrated, comprehensive and mainly graphical description techniques to specify different views as well as different levels of abstraction of a system. To avoid ill-defined specifications, consistency conditions on these system descriptions can be formulated and checked. Prototypes can be generated from consistent and executable spe...

  18. Auto-measuring System of 3- Dimensional Human Body

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李勇; 尚保平; 付小莉; 尚会超

    2001-01-01

    To realize the automation of fashion industry measuring,designing and manufacturing, the auto-measurement of 3D size of human body is of great importance. The auto measurement system of 3D human body based on Charge Coupled Devices (CCD) and infrared sensors is presented in this paper. The system can measure the bare size of human body that excludes the effect of clothing quickly and accurately.

  19. Effect of intensified training on muscle ion kinetics, fatigue development and repeated short term performance in endurance trained cyclists

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gunnarsson, Thomas Gunnar Petursson; Christensen, Peter Møller; Thomassen, Martin;

    2013-01-01

    The effects of intensified training in combination with a reduced training volume on muscle ion kinetics, transporters and work capacity were examined. Eight well-trained cyclists replaced their regular training with speed-endurance training (12x30-s sprints) 2-3 times per wk and aerobic high...

  20. Characterization of an Auto-Compatible Default Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XU DaoYun(许道云); DING DeCheng(丁德成); ZHANG MingYi(张明义)

    2003-01-01

    In this paper, an equivalence condition for deciding whether a default theory isan auto-compatible default one is presented. Under the condition, the existence of extension of anauto-compatible default theory is a natural result. By introducing a well-ordering over the set D ofdefault rules, the extensions of an auto-compatible default theory (D, W) can be computed directly.The condition represents clearly the characterization of an auto-compatible default theory, andsome properties about auto-compatible default theory, such as semi-monotonicity, become naturalcorollaries. Based on the characterization, the revision of default beliefs is discussed to ensure theexistence of extension of the default theory, and the method is applied to investigate stable modelsof a general logic program.

  1. 基于距离函数的自动调焦方法研究%Auto-focusing method based on distance function

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何祯鑫; 刘春桐; 赵晓枫; 马健

    2011-01-01

    望远镜系统自动调焦功能的实现是摄像经纬仪对目标方位自动精密测量的首要条件.本文针对小视场、恶劣环境以及响应时间短的特定要求,提出了一种基于距离函数的自动调焦方法,根据被测目标的物距通过调用距离函数解算出相应的调焦距离,进而产生位置信号驱动直线步进电机使调焦透镜发生移动,达到调焦的目的.分析表明该方法具有精度高、响应速度快以及环境适应性强等优点,能够满足经纬仪全自动精密测量的实际需要.%Achievement of auto-focusing function in theodolite s telescope system is a primary condition in automatically measur ing the angels of the targets. To meet the specific requirement such as small view field, severe environment and short response time, an auto-focusing method based on distance function was presented in the paper. According to the objective distance of target by use of well designed distance function the focusing distance could be calculated and subsequently transformed into locating signal, which drives the linear stepping motor to make the pancreatic lens move to the appropriate place. The analysis results showed that this method could meet the automatically measuring requirement of theodolite system with high precision, quick response and good adaptability to environment.

  2. Effect of Zn doping on structural, magnetic and dielectric properties of LaFeO{sub 3} synthesized through sol–gel auto-combustion process

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bhat, Irshad [Department of Physics, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh 202002, UP (India); Husain, Shahid, E-mail: s.husain@lycos.com [Department of Physics, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh 202002, UP (India); Khan, Wasi [Department of Applied Physics, Z. H. College of Engineering and Technology, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligrah 202002, UP (India); Patil, S.I. [Department of Physics, University of Pune, Ganeshkhind 411007, Pune (India)

    2013-11-15

    Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • We have synthesized the samples of LaFe{sub 1−x}Zn{sub x}O{sub 3} (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.3) using sol–gel auto-combustion process. • The doping of Zn{sup 2+} hugely enhances the dielectric constant (ε′) and it shows a colossal value. • The parent compound LaFeO{sub 3} does not show any relaxation peak, but the substitution of Zn at Fe{sup 3+} site brings the relaxation in the system. • The system shows a peak behavior thereby giving the Debye like dipolar relaxation response. - Abstract: We have studied the structural and dielectric properties of nano-crystalline LaFe{sub 1−x}Zn{sub x}O{sub 3} (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.3) pervoskite samples synthesized through sol–gel auto-combustion technique. X-ray diffraction and FTIR spectroscopy are used to confirm the single phase characteristics. Microstructural features are investigated using scanning electron microscope and compositional analysis is performed through energy dispersive spectroscopy. The average grain sizes, calculated from the Scherrer formula, lie in the range below 30 nm. The hysteresis (M-H) curves display a weak magnetic order and a shift in the hysteresis loops. Dielectric response has been discussed, in the framework of “universal dielectric response” model. The value of dielectric constant (ε′) increases drastically on Zn doping. The dielectric loss factor (ε″) shows Debye like dipolar relaxation behavior. The observed peaks in loss factor (ε″) are attributed to the fact that a strong correlation between the conduction mechanism and the dielectric behavior exists in ferrites.

  3. Descriptive data on cancerous lung lesions detected by auto-fluorescence bronchoscope: A five-year study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asmitananda Thakur

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Auto-fluorescence bronchoscopy (AFB has been used for the identification and localization of intra-epithelial pre-neoplastic and neoplastic lesions within the bronchus. Objectives: To determine the applicability of AFB for the detection and localization of precancerous and cancerous lesions, in addition to analyzing the morphologic presentation, their association to histological type and the variation between genders. Methods: A five-year study involving 4983 patients, who underwent routine bronchoscopy [B] examination in a local tertiary teaching hospital, was done. The B examination was performed under intratracheal lidocaine, and samples were obtained using suitable approach. One thousand four hundred and eighty-five pathologically confirmed lung cancer patients were included in the study. The following parameters were studied: Morphological presentation, biopsy sites, histology. Differences between the groups were analyzed using Chi square test. Result: One thousand four hundred and eighty-five patients who had hyperplasia or neoplastic lesions were further confirmed as lung cancer pathologically. Lung cancer was more commonly found in the right lung (51.58% vs. 42.82%. The lesion occurred more frequently in the upper lobe than the lower lobe (44.17% vs. 22.42%. Male patients with squamous cell carcinoma showed upper lobe involvement more commonly, while the left main bronchus was more commonly involved in female patients. Adenocarcinoma mostly involved lesion of the upper lobe. Squamous cell carcinoma and small cell carcinoma were the major proliferative types (80.15% and 76.16% respectively. Conclusion: AFB is efficient in the detection of pre-invasive and invasive lung lesions. The morphological presentation is associated to the histological type. There is variation in the presentation and histology of cancerous lung lesions between genders.

  4. Instant AutoIt scripting

    CERN Document Server

    Laso, Emilio Aristides de Fez

    2013-01-01

    Filled with practical, step-by-step instructions and clear explanations for the most important and useful tasks. This is a Packt Instant How-to guide, which provides concise and clear recipes for getting started with AutoIt.Instant AutoIt Scripting Essentials How-to is for beginners who wish to know more about automation and programming, system administration developers who intent to automate/manage clusters and servers, and for computer programmers who want to control any PC to create seamless automation apps.

  5. An experimental and numerical analysis of the influence of the inlet temperature, equivalence ratio and compression ratio on the HCCI auto-ignition process of Primary Reference Fuels in an engine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Machrafi, Hatim [UPMC Universite Paris 06, LGPPTS, Ecole Nationale Superieure de Chimie de Paris, 11, rue de Pierre et Marie Curie, 75005 Paris (France); UPMC Universite Paris 06, Institut Jean Le Rond D' Alembert (France); Cavadiasa, Simeon [UPMC Universite Paris 06, Institut Jean Le Rond D' Alembert (France)

    2008-11-15

    In order to understand better the auto-ignition process in an HCCI engine, the influence of some important parameters on the auto-ignition is investigated. The inlet temperature, the equivalence ratio and the compression ratio were varied and their influence on the pressure, the heat release and the ignition delays were measured. The inlet temperature was changed from 25 to 70 C and the equivalence ratio from 0.18 to 0.41, while the compression ratio varied from 6 to 13.5. The fuels that were investigated were PRF40 and n-heptane. These three parameters appeared to decrease the ignition delays, with the inlet temperature having the least influence and the compression ratio the most. A previously experimentally validated reduced surrogate mechanism, for mixtures of n-heptane, iso-octane and toluene, has been used to explain observations of the auto-ignition process. The same kinetic mechanism is used to better understand the underlying chemical and physical phenomena that make the influence of a certain parameter change according to the operating conditions. This can be useful for the control of the auto-ignition process in an HCCI engine. (author)

  6. Development and application of stereogram software for coal mine engineering based on AutoCAD%基于AutoCAD煤矿工程立体图软件的研发与应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    庞冬冬; 马海峰; 杨应迪; 李家卓; 尹晨晨

    2014-01-01

    Taking the covering informations of planar graph in coal mine engineering as raw data, a special software for drawing stereogram of coal mine engineering was developed by secondary development of AutoCAD. Simulation of urban underground pipeline network, the software quickly generated the coal mine tunnel stereogram, the graph structure was applied to conduct data organization, and the properties database including roadways, working face pa-rameter and air route details. At the same time, the software could share the existing database resource and could be compatible with the mine map database, as well as implementing the conversion from a two dimensional mine map to the 3D stereoscopic map. The powerful information platform of three-dimensional mine map can achieve mine person-nel positioning in real time, coal-bed methane real time monitoring and all round display of mine ventilation network system, and it can realize remote intelligent management and decision coupling with network integrated.%以煤矿工程平面图涵盖信息为原始资料,基于AutoCAD平台二次开发了绘制煤矿工程立体图专用软件,该软件模拟城市地下管网模型快速生成煤矿巷道立体图,利用图结构进行数据组织,建立了包含巷道、工作面参数、通风路线等详细信息的属性式数据库。同时,该软件可与已有数据库资源共享和矿图数据库兼容,实现了二维平面矿图向三维立体矿图的转换。三维立体矿图强大的数据平台可以实现井下人员实时定位、煤层瓦斯实时监测和矿井通风网络系统的全方位展示,配合网络集成可实现远程办公的智能管理和决策。

  7. 基于少量示例的个性化Web信息自动获取系统%A Personalized Web Information Auto-retrieval System Based on Small Samples

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张春元; 康耀红; 雷景生

    2006-01-01

    Although current search engines based on keywords satisfy some users' need, they can't meet users' personalized demands for their all-purpose characteristics. The design and implementation of a novel personalized Web information auto-retrieval system based on small samples is presented. This system adopts a new algorithm of feature extraction and a new method to determine filtering threshold based on small webpage training sets and term-frequency statistics of corpus. Experimental results show that this system can long-termly and on its own initiative provide more accurate Web information-obtaining service to a user according to his interest than the search engines based on keywords.%基于关键词的搜索引擎满足了人们一定的需要,但由于其通用的性质,并不能满足用户的个性化需求,为此,设计并实现了一个基于示例的个性化Web信息自动获取系统.该系统采用了一种新的基于少量Web示例网页和语料库词频统计的特征抽取算法和过滤阈值设定方法.实验结果表明,较基于关键词的搜索引擎而言,该系统能充分考虑用户的兴趣偏好(示例),长期、主动地向用户提供更加准确的Web信息获取服务.

  8. Footprints of China Auto Internatienal Exhibition Tour

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ November 2008,the Sixth China Auto International(Algeria & Egypt)Exhibition Tour is ready.Since the first session was held in 1995,the Chinese auto enterprises have been to Vietnam,Cambodia,Syria,and Russian.

  9. AutoFACT: An Automatic Functional Annotation and Classification Tool

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lang B Franz

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Assignment of function to new molecular sequence data is an essential step in genomics projects. The usual process involves similarity searches of a given sequence against one or more databases, an arduous process for large datasets. Results We present AutoFACT, a fully automated and customizable annotation tool that assigns biologically informative functions to a sequence. Key features of this tool are that it (1 analyzes nucleotide and protein sequence data; (2 determines the most informative functional description by combining multiple BLAST reports from several user-selected databases; (3 assigns putative metabolic pathways, functional classes, enzyme classes, GeneOntology terms and locus names; and (4 generates output in HTML, text and GFF formats for the user's convenience. We have compared AutoFACT to four well-established annotation pipelines. The error rate of functional annotation is estimated to be only between 1–2%. Comparison of AutoFACT to the traditional top-BLAST-hit annotation method shows that our procedure increases the number of functionally informative annotations by approximately 50%. Conclusion AutoFACT will serve as a useful annotation tool for smaller sequencing groups lacking dedicated bioinformatics staff. It is implemented in PERL and runs on LINUX/UNIX platforms. AutoFACT is available at http://megasun.bch.umontreal.ca/Software/AutoFACT.htm.

  10. Trends in Spending on Training: An Analysis of the 1982 through 2008 Training Annual Industry Reports

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carliner, Saul; Bakir, Ingy

    2010-01-01

    This article explores long-term trends in spending using data compiled from the "Training" magazine Annual Industry Survey from 1982 through 2008. It builds on literature that proposes spending on training is an investment that yields benefits--and that offers methods for demonstrating it. After adjusting for inflation, aggregate spending on…

  11. Guide to good practices for on-the-job training

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-04-01

    Training programs at DOE facilities should prepare personnel to safely and efficiently operate and maintain the facilities in accordance with DOE requirements. This guide presents good practices for a systematic approach to on-the-job training (OJT) and OJT programs and should be used in conjunction with DOE Training Program Handbook: A Systematic Approach to Training, and with the DOE Handbook entitled Alternative Systematic Approaches to Training to develop performance-based OJT programs. DOE contractors may also use this guide to modify existing OJT programs that do not meet the systematic approach to training (SAT) objectives.

  12. 基于AutoCAD的虚声源法%AutoCAD-Based Image Method for Acoustical Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张昌佳

    2007-01-01

    In order to make it possible for an architect and an acoustical designer working together on the same platform, this paper introduces a method to calculate the first two reflections in AutoCAD. The proposed method is based on the image method, and is implemented by using Auto LISP language of AutoCAD. By using this method, the coverage of reflected walls and the time sequence of the first two reflections in a shoe-box-shaped concert hall and a gymnasium are obtained. The results verify the validity and effectiveness of the proposed method.%为实现建筑师与声学设计者在同一平台下的合作,介绍了AutoCAD软件中计算前两次反射的方法.此方法是基于虚声源法,通过利用AutoCAD软件中的Auto LISP语言来实现的.运用此方法,文中得到了一个鞋盒式音乐厅和一个体育馆的反射墙面的覆盖范围及前两次反射声到达时间序列,结果验证了此方法的正确性和有效性.

  13. The Effect of Training on the Discrimination of English Vowels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cenoz, Jasone; Lecumberri, Luisa Garcie

    1999-01-01

    Analyzes the effect of training on perception of English vowels by native speakers of Basque and Spanish. University students who took a training course in English phonetics completed questionnaires and vowel perception tests. Findings confirm that training exerts a positive effect on the perception of English vowels and that this effect is also…

  14. Development of Auto Sheets in Baosteel

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LuJiangxin; WangLi

    2005-01-01

    The development trends of auto sheets in recent years are summarized with regard to the envirorunental regulations, market demands and strategy of the steel industry. The growth of domestic auto industry and demands for auto sheets are also briefed. The current status of development of Bake hardenable steel, Isotropic steel for outer panels and Transformation induced plasticity steel, dual phase steel for structural parts in Baosteel is introduced and the future of auto sheets in Baosteel is forecasted.

  15. Clinical comparison between HeartMate VE auto-mode and HeartMate XVE auto-mode with Opti-Fill and the effect of stroke volume on blood chamber and inflow valve peak pressures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodermans, Ben F M; Lahpor, Jaap R; van Schelven, Leonard J; Nieuwenhuis, Esther; Sukkel, Eveline Y; van Schouwen-van Kranen, Else

    2007-01-01

    We determined the difference between HeartMate (HM) VE auto mode, average filling 76 mL, and HM XVE Opti-Fill, average filling 79 mL, regarding blood chamber and inflow valve peak pressure pulses (BCPP and IVPP). The relation between stroke volume (SV) and peak pressures was investigated by using a circulatory mock loop. At high SVs, 79 to 83 mL, BCPP and IVPP never exceeded 400 mm Hg. For lower SVs, down to 50 mL, the peak pressures increased to 788 mm Hg for BCPP and 416 mm Hg for IVPP. Distribution of SV was measured in 2 VE and 6 XVE patients during rest and activities of daily living (ADL). For clinical comparison, percentages of SV >78 mL were determined. At rest, 2190 (VE) and 5772 (XVE) pump beats were registered and 4511 (VE) and 8713 (XVE) during ADL. Percentages of "SV >78 mL" at rest, respectively, were 42.5 +/- 3.5 and 78.2 +/- 4.7 (p 78 mL and makes an important contribution to reducing the incidence of high peak pressures in the clinical setting.

  16. Development and Application of Budget Software for Land Development and Consolidation Based on AutoCAD%基于AutoCAD的土地开发整理预算软件开发与应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘吉; 孙俊英

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study aims at improving the design efficiency and accuracy of land development and consolidation projects.Methods of system analysis and software engineering were applied.The results indicate that the development and application of budget software for land development and consolidation is the important method to increase budgeting automation and working efficiency,and to guarantee the project quality.This software has big space to expand,which can integrate more software functions and realize the integration of cartography and budget.It is the direction of deep development and application.%本着提高土地开发整理项目设计的工作效率和准确性的研究目的,运用系统分析法和软件工程法来研究基于AutoCAD的土地开发整理预算软件的拓展空间,望其能为制图与预算一体化做出更大贡献。

  17. On-line Test for Train Communication Based System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zeng Xiaoqing; Masayuki Matsumoto; Kinji Mori; XU Fucang

    2002-01-01

    This paper gives out a new train automatic control system, which is based on train communication, and proposes a high assurance method to construct the system from current system. In current automatic train control (ATC) system, the central logic device detects position of each train and calculates permissible speed of each blocking section. Therefore, the central logic device controls speed of all trains. On the contrary, in the new system proposed in this paper, there is no central logical device and, train can communicate each other. The train detects the position and calculates the permissible speed itself according to the received position information of the preceding train. In the traditional method of changing an old system to a new one, test must be done off-line.While the integration technique proposed in this paper achieves on-line properties, and high assurance can be satisfied.

  18. Tumbling Auto Import and Export

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yantai Chen

    2009-01-01

    @@ The seemingly rebound global financial crisis has seriously eroded world economy from 2008,of which China's tumbling auto imports and exports business is a good example.At the beginning of 2008 it kicked off as an excellent year for the Chinese automotive market,but ended with the onset of a recession in last quarter both from the perspective of import and export.

  19. Environment-friendly Auto Marketing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ Domestic auto sales have developed quickly with private vehicles making up the highest proportion, but lately customers have begun to care more about environmental protection. Therefore, the last few years has seen more and more consumption disputes and civil lawsuits resulting from the pollution inside vehicles.

  20. A Primer on Transfer of Training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelly, Helen Bryman

    1982-01-01

    Unless education transfers back to the job, training is wasted and its value questioned. This article examines resistance to transfer and provides strategies for building transfer into training design. (CT)

  1. The effects of balance training and ankle training on the gait of elderly people who have fallen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, Jung-Hyun; Kim, Nyeon-Jun

    2015-01-01

    [Purpose] The aim of this study was to examine the effects of balance training and muscle training around the ankle joints on the gait of elderly people who have experienced a fall. [Subjects] Twenty-six elderly people with a risk of falling and a Berg Balance Scale score of 37 to 50 points who had experienced a fall in the last year were randomly and equally assigned to either a balance training group or an ankle training group. The balance training group received training on a hard floor, training while maintaining balance on a cushion ball in a standing position, and training while maintaining balance on an unstable platform in a standing position; the ankle training group received training to strengthen the muscles around the ankle joints and conducted stretch exercise for the muscles around the ankle joints. [Results] There were significant changes in gait velocity, step length, and stride length in the balance training group after the intervention; there were significant changes in gait velocity, cadence, step time, cycle time, step length, and stride length in the ankle training group after the intervention. In a between-group comparison, the gait velocity of the balance training group showed a significant improvement compared with the ankle training group. [Conclusion] Both balance training and ankle joint training are effective in enhancing the gait ability of elderly people with a risk of falling; in particular, balance training is effective in improving the gait velocity of elderly people who have experienced a fall compared with ankle joint training.

  2. Auto executives:Worried While Being Happy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Xu Liuping,director of the board of Chang'an Auto Group,had just come back from Japan and north America before the opening of this year's Shanghai auto show.He knew something about the financial crisis towards the overseas auto industry from reports and during this trip

  3. The New Breakthroughs of Chinese Auto Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sun Yongjian

    2006-01-01

    @@ Auto Engine Systems: A Key Part for Reform Prof. Ouyang Minggao, Tsinghua University: The road of development from a large production country to a strong technology country eyed. By 2020, China is predicted to be the largest auto manufactuer in the world.In the view of the development of the global auto market, the fastest development is taking place in developing countries.

  4. The Teachers' Views on Soroban Abacus Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Altiparmak, Kemal

    2016-01-01

    Soroban abacus training is called as mental arithmetic training in our country. It is known for mental arithmetic to increase the ability of four mode operations. Besides this, how is the situation for the students which are having Soroban abacus training in the terms of problem solving abilities, creativity, development of concepts, attraction…

  5. The effects of resistance training on road cycling performance among highly trained cyclists: a systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamamoto, Linda M; Klau, Jennifer F; Casa, Douglas J; Kraemer, William J; Armstrong, Lawrence E; Maresh, Carl M

    2010-02-01

    Highly trained cyclists may be hesitant to incorporate resistance training (RT) with their endurance training (ET) because of the mixed data regarding concurrent RT and ET (CT). The purpose of this review was to search the scientific body of literature for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of CT on road cycling performance for highly trained cyclists. Key words (including cycling and strength training) were used to search relevant databases through September 2009 for literature related to CT. Randomized controlled trials were included if they scored > or =5 on the Physiotherapy Evidence Database scale. Five studies met the inclusion criteria: highly trained road cyclists (>7 h.wk or > 150 km.wk, with at least 6 months of training), outcome measure was cycling performance (time trial or time to exhaustion), and RT performed off-bike. Two of the 5 studies found no improvement in performance with CT, but these studies added RT on top of the athletes' existing ET. The 3 studies with improved cycling performance replaced a portion of the athletes' ET with RT, and 2 of the 3 studies included high-intensity explosive-type resistance exercises. Despite the limited research on CT for highly trained cyclists, it is likely that replacing a portion of a cyclist's ET with RT will result in improved time trial performance and maximal power.

  6. Program Director Perspectives on Athletic Training Student Motivation to Complete Their Professional Athletic Training Degrees

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mazerolle, Stephanie M.; Bowman, Thomas G.; Dodge, Thomas M.

    2013-01-01

    Context: Student motivation has been linked to persistence until graduation for athletic training students. There is little research, however on ways athletic training programs (ATPs) foster student motivation. Objective: To expand upon the existing literature regarding retention of students in ATPs, specifically examining the concept of student…

  7. 论训练战略%On Training Strategy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    茅鹏

    2014-01-01

    训练战略是包括运动员培训战略、教练员培养战略、训练科研发展战略、项目生命体建设战略等的全局发展框架。%The training strategy is a comprehensive development framework including athletes training strategy ,coach training strate-gy ,training scientific research strategy ,project incubator construction strategy and so on .

  8. Effects of Skill Training on Working Memory Capacity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Yuh-shiow; Lu, Min-ju; Ko, Hsiu-ping

    2007-01-01

    In this study we examined the effects of skill training, in particular mental abacus and music training, on working memory. Two groups of participants--children who had received mental abacus training and their controls--participated in Experiment 1. All participants performed the following span tasks: forward digit span, backward digit span,…

  9. Leader Influences on Training Effectiveness: Motivation and Outcome Expectation Processes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scaduto, Anne; Lindsay, Douglas; Chiaburu, Dan S.

    2008-01-01

    Training effectiveness is a function of trainee characteristics, training design and contextual factors. Social exchanges in the work environment have received less attention compared with other training effectiveness predictors. We focus on the extent to which leaders (through their relationships and exchanges with followers) influence skill…

  10. The effect of a brief teacher training on student achievement

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sijde, van der Pieter C.

    1989-01-01

    On the basis of previously determined correlations between teacher behavior and student achievement, a training program for mathematics teachers was developed. Previous research had established that this training did change the behavior of teachers. This article reports the effects of the training p

  11. An Improved Walk Model for Train Movement on Railway Network

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Ke-Ping; MAO Bo-Hua; GAO Zi-You

    2009-01-01

    In this paper, we propose an improved walk model for simulating the train movement on railway network. In the proposed method, walkers represent trains. The improved walk model is a kind of the network-based simulation analysis model. Using some management rules for walker movement, walker can dynamically determine its departure and arrival times at stations. In order to test the proposed method, we simulate the train movement on a part of railway network. The numerical simulation and analytical results demonstrate that the improved model is an effective tool for simulating the train movement on railway network. Moreover, it can well capture the characteristic behaviors of train scheduling in railway traffic.

  12. Slow Growth of China's Auto Production and Marketing in the First Four Months

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xue Ning

    2011-01-01

    According to the statistics from China Association of Auto Manufacturers (CAAM),in the first four months of this year,our auto production and marketing grew slowly,while auto import and export grew rapidly.From January to April,the production and marketing of autos were respectively 6,431,100 units and 6,533,900 units,with year-on-year growth of 5.09% and 5.95%,and year-on-year decrease of 58.71% and 54.56% for the growth rate.In April,the production and marketing of autos were respectively 1,535,300 units and 1,552,000 units.It was the first negative growth for China since the financial crisis that our auto industry returned to growth.The overall situation is not optimistic.

  13. The Effects of High Intensity Interval Training vs Steady State Training on Aerobic and Anaerobic Capacity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carl Foster, Courtney V. Farland, Flavia Guidotti, Michelle Harbin, Brianna Roberts, Jeff Schuette, Andrew Tuuri, Scott T. Doberstein, John P. Porcari

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available High intensity interval training (HIIT has become an increasingly popular form of exercise due to its potentially large effects on exercise capacity and small time requirement. This study compared the effects of two HIIT protocols vs steady-state training on aerobic and anaerobic capacity following 8-weeks of training. Fifty-five untrained college-aged subjects were randomly assigned to three training groups (3x weekly. Steady-state (n = 19 exercised (cycle ergometer 20 minutes at 90% of ventilatory threshold (VT. Tabata (n = 21 completed eight intervals of 20s at 170% VO2max/10s rest. Meyer (n = 15 completed 13 sets of 30s (20 min @ 100% PVO2 max/ 60s recovery, average PO = 90% VT. Each subject did 24 training sessions during 8 weeks. Results: There were significant (p < 0.05 increases in VO2max (+19, +18 and +18% and PPO (+17, +24 and +14% for each training group, as well as significant increases in peak (+8, + 9 and +5% & mean (+4, +7 and +6% power during Wingate testing, but no significant differences between groups. Measures of the enjoyment of the training program indicated that the Tabata protocol was significantly less enjoyable (p < 0.05 than the steady state and Meyer protocols, and that the enjoyment of all protocols declined (p < 0.05 across the duration of the study. The results suggest that although HIIT protocols are time efficient, they are not superior to conventional exercise training in sedentary young adults.

  14. AutoCAD应用技巧

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张小平

    2010-01-01

    在长期使用AutoCAD绘图和AutoCAD教学中,发现AutoCAD中出现的问题很多,因此给我们带来困扰和使用的不便,大降低了工作的效率.为了方便AutoCAD绘图的使用和教学,笔者提出了自己的一些高效管理AutoCAD图形,提高绘图效率的方法.

  15. Effects of weight training on power performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    KAUKAB AZEEM

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Harris et al. declared that some researchers claim the use of 80% of 1RM is recommended toimprove power characteristics, while others suggest 50-60% of 1RM and below. Kawamori and Haff agreed withHarris et al., stating that there is inconsistency in the optimal load to produce the highest power. They claimedthat some studies that used untrained subjects, single joint exercises, and upper-body exercises reported 30-45%of 1RM, while others using trained subjects, multi-joint exercises, and lower-body exercises reported 30-70% of1RM.Method: The purpose of the study was to find out the effect of weight training in the developing the powerperformance among 20 students between 16 to 18 years of age enrolled for physical education course for theacademic year 2010, were selected as subjects. Pre and post test was conducted for the group on 1RM of squats,bench press and dead lift. 45 minutes weight training program, twice a week, for 12 weeks was given to thesubjects. The statistical tools used were mean, SD, and ‘t’ –test.Results & Discussion: The analysis of the data reveals that the subjects with the training have shownimprovement in the performance of squats from pre to post test with the mean and S.D being (76.00, 26.59 and(93.75, 27.19 respectively. The improvement is quite encouraging and highly significant (p<0.0001.With regard to bench press exercise of the subjects the mean and S.D in the pre and post test were (53.00, 23.14and (70.25, 23.37. The data clearly speaks of an improved performance from pre to post scores of the studentswhich is highly significant at (p<0.0001. The mean and S.D in the pre and post test were (104.00, 28.31 and(135.00, 24.97 respectively with respect to dead lift exercise. There is an increase in the power of the studentswhich is encouraging and highly significant with (p<0.0001.Conclusions: It is concluded from this study, that there was a marked improvement in the performance of thestudents in

  16. Academic training: Advanced lectures on multiprocessor programming

    CERN Multimedia

    PH Department

    2011-01-01

    Academic Training Lecture - Regular Programme 31 October 1, 2 November 2011 from 11:00 to 12:00 -  IT Auditorium, Bldg. 31   Three classes (60 mins) on Multiprocessor Programming Prof. Dr. Christoph von Praun Georg-Simon-Ohm University of Applied Sciences Nuremberg, Germany This is an advanced class on multiprocessor programming. The class gives an introduction to principles of concurrent objects and the notion of different progress guarantees that concurrent computations can have. The focus of this class is on non-blocking computations, i.e. concurrent programs that do not make use of locks. We discuss the implementation of practical non-blocking data structures in detail. 1st class: Introduction to concurrent objects 2nd class: Principles of non-blocking synchronization 3rd class: Concurrent queues Brief Bio of Christoph von Praun Christoph worked on a variety of analysis techniques and runtime platforms for parallel programs. Hist most recent research studies programming models an...

  17. The Impact of Product Market Competition on Training Provision

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lai, Tat-kei; Ng, Travis

    2014-01-01

    While standard models of training focus on how input market affects firms' training decisions, this paper investigates the impact of product market competition on training provision. Using the longitudinal data from Statistics Canada's Workplace and Employee Survey, we find that increased...... competition is strongly associated with more training provision. This association is unlikely to be driven by unobserved heterogeneity, specific measures used and other relevant factors. To the extent that training is a significant source of human capital and industry competitiveness, our results suggest...

  18. Training on Working Memory and Inhibitory Control in Young Adults

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Jesus Maraver

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Different types of interventions have focused on trying to improve Executive Functions (EF due to their essential role in human cognition and behavior regulation. Although EF are thought to be diverse, most training studies have targeted cognitive processes related to working memory (WM, and fewer have focused on training other control mechanisms, such as inhibitory control (IC. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the differential impact of training WM and IC as compared with control conditions performing non-executive control activities. Young adults were divided into two training (WM/IC and two (active/passive control conditions. Over six sessions, the training groups engaged in three different computer-based adaptive activities (WM or IC, whereas the active control group completed a program with low control-demanding activities that mainly involved processing speed. In addition, motivation and engagement were monitored through the training. The WM-training activities required maintenance, updating and memory search processes, while those from the IC group engaged response inhibition, and interference control. All participants were pre- and post-tested in criterion tasks (n-back and Stroop, near transfer measures of WM (Operation Span and IC (Stop-Signal. Non-trained far transfer outcome measures included an abstract reasoning test (Raven’s Advanced Progressive Matrices and a well-validated experimental task (AX-CPT that provides indices of cognitive flexibility considering proactive/reactive control. Training results revealed that strongly motivated participants reached higher levels of training improvements. Regarding transfer effects, results showed specific patterns of near transfer effects depending on the type of training. Interestingly, it was only the IC training group that showed far transfer to reasoning. Finally, all trained participants showed a shift towards a more proactive mode of cognitive control, highlighting a

  19. Training on Working Memory and Inhibitory Control in Young Adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maraver, Maria J.; Bajo, M. Teresa; Gomez-Ariza, Carlos J.

    2016-01-01

    Different types of interventions have focused on trying to improve Executive Functions (EFs) due to their essential role in human cognition and behavior regulation. Although EFs are thought to be diverse, most training studies have targeted cognitive processes related to working memory (WM), and fewer have focused on training other control mechanisms, such as inhibitory control (IC). In the present study, we aimed to investigate the differential impact of training WM and IC as compared with control conditions performing non-executive control activities. Young adults were divided into two training (WM/IC) and two (active/passive) control conditions. Over six sessions, the training groups engaged in three different computer-based adaptive activities (WM or IC), whereas the active control group completed a program with low control-demanding activities that mainly involved processing speed. In addition, motivation and engagement were monitored through the training. The WM-training activities required maintenance, updating and memory search processes, while those from the IC group engaged response inhibition and interference control. All participants were pre- and post-tested in criterion tasks (n-back and Stroop), near transfer measures of WM (Operation Span) and IC (Stop-Signal). Non-trained far transfer outcome measures included an abstract reasoning test (Raven’s Advanced Progressive Matrices) and a well-validated experimental task (AX-CPT) that provides indices of cognitive flexibility considering proactive/reactive control. Training results revealed that strongly motivated participants reached higher levels of training improvements. Regarding transfer effects, results showed specific patterns of near transfer effects depending on the type of training. Interestingly, it was only the IC training group that showed far transfer to reasoning. Finally, all trained participants showed a shift toward a more proactive mode of cognitive control, highlighting a general

  20. The effects of rhythm training on tennis performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Söğüt, Mustafa; Kirazci, Sadettin; Korkusuz, Feza

    2012-06-01

    Rhythm training is an integral part of sports. The purposes of the study were to analyze the effects of rhythm training on tennis performance and rhytmic competence of tennis players, to compare the improvement levels of tennis specific and general rhythm training and to examine the effects of shorter and longer tempos on rhythmic competence. Thirty university students whose mean score of International Tennis Number (ITN) was 7.3 (±0.9) were divided randomly into three sub-groups: Tennis Group, General Rhythm Training Group and Tennis-Specific Rhythm Training Group. The experimental procedure lasted 8 weeks. During this period, all groups had the same tennis training twice a week. The Tennis Group had regular tennis training sessions. In addition to regular tennis training sessions, the General Rhythm Training Group followed the general rhythm training sessions and the Tennis-Specific Rhythm Training Group had tennis-specific rhythm training. The measurement instruments were ITN, Rhythmic Competence Analysis Test and Untimed Consecutive Rally Test. The results indicated that participation in tennis-specific or general rhythm training resulted in progress in tennis playing levels, forehand consistency performance and rhythmic competence of the participants. On the other hand, attendance to the regular 8-week tennis training was enough to solely increase the tennis playing level but not sufficient to develop forehand consistency performance and rhythmic competence. Although the participants in the TRTG had better improvement scores than the ones in the GRTG, no significant difference was found between the rhythm training groups. The results also revealed that participants exhibited higher rhythmic competence scores on fast tempo compared to slow tempo.

  1. Investigating the Simulink Auto-Coding Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gualdoni, Matthew J.

    2016-01-01

    Model based program design is the most clear and direct way to develop algorithms and programs for interfacing with hardware. While coding "by hand" results in a more tailored product, the ever-growing size and complexity of modern-day applications can cause the project work load to quickly become unreasonable for one programmer. This has generally been addressed by splitting the product into separate modules to allow multiple developers to work in parallel on the same project, however this introduces new potentials for errors in the process. The fluidity, reliability and robustness of the code relies on the abilities of the programmers to communicate their methods to one another; furthermore, multiple programmers invites multiple potentially differing coding styles into the same product, which can cause a loss of readability or even module incompatibility. Fortunately, Mathworks has implemented an auto-coding feature that allows programmers to design their algorithms through the use of models and diagrams in the graphical programming environment Simulink, allowing the designer to visually determine what the hardware is to do. From here, the auto-coding feature handles converting the project into another programming language. This type of approach allows the designer to clearly see how the software will be directing the hardware without the need to try and interpret large amounts of code. In addition, it speeds up the programming process, minimizing the amount of man-hours spent on a single project, thus reducing the chance of human error as well as project turnover time. One such project that has benefited from the auto-coding procedure is Ramses, a portion of the GNC flight software on-board Orion that has been implemented primarily in Simulink. Currently, however, auto-coding Ramses into C++ requires 5 hours of code generation time. This causes issues if the tool ever needs to be debugged, as this code generation will need to occur with each edit to any part of

  2. The Temporal Effect of Training Utility Perceptions on Adopting a Trained Method: The Role of Perceived Organizational Support

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madera, Juan M.; Steele, Stacey T.; Beier, Margaret

    2011-01-01

    The current study examined the temporal effect of perceived training utility on adoption of a trained method and how perceived organizational support influences the relationship between perceived training utility perceptions and adoption of a trained method. With the use of a correlational-survey-based design, this longitudinal study required…

  3. Working memory training in children: Effectiveness depends on temperament.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Studer-Luethi, Barbara; Bauer, Catherine; Perrig, Walter J

    2016-02-01

    Studies revealing transfer effects of working memory (WM) training on non-trained cognitive performance of children hold promising implications for scholastic learning. However, the results of existing training studies are not consistent and provoke debates about the potential and limitations of cognitive enhancement. To examine the influence of individual differences on training outcomes is a promising approach for finding causes for such inconsistencies. In this study, we implemented WM training in an elementary school setting. The aim was to investigate near and far transfer effects on cognitive abilities and academic achievement and to examine the moderating effects of a dispositional and a regulative temperament factor, neuroticism and effortful control. Ninety-nine second-graders were randomly assigned to 20 sessions of computer-based adaptive WM training, computer-based reading training, or a no-contact control group. For the WM training group, our analyses reveal near transfer on a visual WM task, far transfer on a vocabulary task as a proxy for crystallized intelligence, and increased academic achievement in reading and math by trend. Considering individual differences in temperament, we found that effortful control predicts larger training mean and gain scores and that there is a moderation effect of both temperament factors on post-training improvement: WM training condition predicted higher post-training gains compared to both control conditions only in children with high effortful control or low neuroticism. Our results suggest that a short but intensive WM training program can enhance cognitive abilities in children, but that sufficient self-regulative abilities and emotional stability are necessary for WM training to be effective.

  4. 基于STM32的太阳能跟踪系统设计%Design of Sun Auto-tracking System Based on STM32

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚先友; 张慧敏; 张祥丽

    2012-01-01

    Combining two motor drives with four high precision photosensitive sensors, a type of sun auto-tracking system is designed based on Cortex-M3 kernel of the microprocessor STM32. The system accurately tracks the position of the sun based on real-time,using photosensitive sensors for error correction. In order to get the maximum efficiency of solar energy,the internal superior PWM controller of STM32 is adopted to control motors. The experimental results show that the system can work steadily and reliably, with high accuracy tracking the sum basically.%基于先进Cortex-M3内核的微处理器STM32,结合双电机驱动器与高精度光敏传感器,研究并设计了一套高精度太阳能跟踪系统.该系统以实时时间为基准精确追踪太阳位置,以光敏传感器进行误差修正,利用STM32优越的PWM方式控制电机,实现太阳能接受效率的最大化.实验结果表明,系统工作稳定可靠,基本实现了对太阳的实时跟踪.

  5. A Study on System of Ammunition Auto-loading Robot%弹药自动装填机器人系统的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李郁峰; 潘玉田; 郭保全; 李科蕾

    2014-01-01

    On the basis of analysis on the merits and shortcomings of active-duty large-caliber guns automatic loading system at home and abroad ,this paper presents a flexible robot of automatic loading system ,which is used to replace conventional bomb loading system ,to meet the large-caliber guns requirements of fully-automatic loading and artillery firing rate .The overall scheme of the automatic loading system is discussed in this paper . The auto-loading system can provide a new thinking and conception for improving its automation level .%在分析和综合各国现有的大口径火炮自动装填系统的基础上,提出了一种机器人弹药自动装填系统来取代传统常规的装填方式,以适应大口径火炮全自动化装填和高射速的要求。对该自动装填机器人系统总体方案进行了分析研究,为提高大口径火炮装填系统自动化程度提出了新的思路和构想。

  6. 自适应振动筛自学习机理研究%Self-learning Mechanism Research on Auto-adapted Shale Shaker

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱晓梅; 洪黎; 田昌文; 裴广领; 裴彩霞

    2011-01-01

    In order to improve the capability of the shale shaker to adapt to the external conditions change,the adaptive control theory is applied to the shaker's examination of the dynamic property parameter;according to the research on the self-learning and adaptive process of Auto-adapted Shale Shaker,the article monitors the parameter estimation,the design on adaptive controller and self-learning control loop,and details Self-learning adaptive shale shaker with the monitoring and coordination level to comprehensively enhance the shaker's performance and promote a new vibration sieve will be born.%为更好地提高振动筛适应外界工况变化的能力,将自适应控制理论应用到振动筛动态性能参数的调整中.研究了振动筛的自学习、自适应过程,对参数估计、自适应控制器设计和自学习控制闭环进行监测.详述带有监测与协调级的自学习、自适应振动筛,全面提升振动筛性能,以推动一种新型振动筛的诞生.

  7. Shape Analysis Using the Auto Diffusion Function

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gebal, Katarzyna; Bærentzen, Jakob Andreas; Aanæs, Henrik

    2009-01-01

    Scalar functions defined on manifold triangle meshes is a starting point for many geometry processing algorithms such as mesh parametrization, skeletonization, and segmentation. In this paper, we propose the Auto Diffusion Function (ADF) which is a linear combination of the eigenfunctions......, it is controlled by a single parameter which can be interpreted as feature scale, and, finally, the ADF is invariant to rigid and isometric deformations. We describe the ADF and its properties in detail and compare it to other choices of scalar functions on manifolds. As an example of an application, we present...

  8. Evacuation of mixed populations from trains on bridges

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kindler, C.; Sørensen, J.G.; Dederichs, A.S.

    2012-01-01

    . The discussion of "equal access" is only followed slowly by the demand on "equal egress". However, the passengers on trains on bridges are rarely homogeneous mixture. At the same time equal egress is far from assured today. In this paper the evacuation of mixed populations from trains on bridges are considered...... of the people in the train affects these times. More real data on subgroups of a mixed population are needed as input and validation data for models like STEPS....

  9. Compression method based on training dataset of SVM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    The method to compress the training dataset of Support Vector Machine (SVM) based on the character of the Support Vector Machine is proposed.First,the distance between the unit in two training datasets,and then the samples that keep away from hyper-plane are discarded in order to compress the training dataset.The time spent in training SVM with the training dataset compressed by the method is shortened obviously.The result of the experiment shows that the algorithm is effective.

  10. Purchasing The American Auto Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Afalling giant is still huge There are reports that American Big Three are going to shut down 59 plants in this January to hold more cash for a supporting hand from the government. From the viewpoint of accountant practice and investment bank,it is the best time for local car producers to go abroad."Trapped American auto industry is much devalued and it is the best time for local producers

  11. Training Effectiveness at PT XYZ Using Kirkpatrick Model and Return on Investment of Training (ROI-Training

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jonny Jonny

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The goal of the research was to evaluate the effectiveness of Kirkpatrick model and Return on Investment of Training at PT XYZ. Observation was applied to this research. The result has shown several facts such as trainee’s feedback score was 4.62 above 4.10 as required by the company in terms of reaction, the average final exam score was 3.66 above 3.00 as required by the company in terms of learning, the trainees’ superiors’ feedback score was 3.53 above 3.00 as required by the company and Return on Investment of Training (ROI-Training was 58.88% above 15% as required by the company. With these results, the company can conclude that the program is effective in nurturing its supervisory leaders.

  12. Auto-generation of mine shaft engineering model based on Blender%基于Blender的矿山井巷模型自动生成研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊绵国; 朱权洁; 刘晓云; 吕垒; 盛建龙

    2012-01-01

    以开源三维软件Blender和矿山基础信息库为资源,利用Python编程语言提出矿山井巷几何模型的计算方法,并通过Blender自带Python API调用Blender建模引擎,从而实现对矿山井巷三维模型的自动生成.运行结果表明所设计的模型简单易行,完全开源后无需软件费用.%Based on the open-source 3D software Blender and mining-based information database, this paper uses the Python programming language to arrive at the calculation method of mine geometric model. By calling Blender modeling engine through Python API, it has realized the auto-generation of 3D model of the mine shaft engineering. The model is found to be simple, feasible and what's more, costless thanks to the use of completely open-source software.

  13. 基于PLC的梳理机自调匀整系统的设计%Design of Auto- leveller System for Carding Equipment Based on PLC

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周自强; 潘毅; 张伟强

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents a general technique scheme that used for carding machine of non - woven product line. An improved weighing mechanism is designed for acquiring the real time data of cotton sheet. The auto - leveller system based on the FX - PLC and GT100 touch screen as hardware. A fuzzy control algorithm is used to control the speed of roller by frequency - changing technology. Thus automatic controlling for longitudinal u-niformity of cotton sheet from carding machine is implemented.%设计了一种用于非织布生产线上梳理机自调匀整系统,采用了一种改进的棉网称重机构,利用三菱PLC和GT100触摸屏作为硬件平台,应用模糊控制方法对输棉帘的速度进行变频调速控制,从而实现了梳理机输出棉网纵向均匀度的自动控制.

  14. Design of Phoneme MIDI Codes Using the MIDI Encoding Tool “Auto-F” and Realizing Voice Synthesizing Functions Based on Musical Sounds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Modegi, Toshio

    Using our previously developed audio to MIDI code converter tool “Auto-F”, from given vocal acoustic signals we can create MIDI data, which enable to playback the voice-like signals with a standard MIDI synthesizer. Applying this tool, we are constructing a MIDI database, which consists of previously converted simple harmonic structured MIDI codes from a set of 71 Japanese male and female syllable recorded signals. And we are developing a novel voice synthesizing system based on harmonically synthesizing musical sounds, which can generate MIDI data and playback voice signals with a MIDI synthesizer by giving Japanese plain (kana) texts, referring to the syllable MIDI code database. In this paper, we propose an improved MIDI converter tool, which can produce temporally higher-resolution MIDI codes. Then we propose an algorithm separating a set of 20 consonant and vowel phoneme MIDI codes from 71 syllable MIDI converted codes in order to construct a voice synthesizing system. And, we present the evaluation results of voice synthesizing quality between these separated phoneme MIDI codes and their original syllable MIDI codes by our developed 4-syllable word listening tests.

  15. Control voltage of the generator of auto-excited induction for applications on micro/mini generation o electric power; Control de voltaje del generador de induccion auto-excitado para aplicaciones de micro/mini generacion de energia electrica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Torres Montalvo, Emmanuel

    2006-09-15

    Although only one part of the mini/micro hydraulic power has been exploited in our country, this type of electric energy generation can be considered as a visible way of electricity generation, mainly related to the ecological, economical and social aspects. The impact that these power plants can have in the regions in which they are installed is always positive: cost energy cost reduction, economical spills and mainly a social welfare. The electric energy is one of the pillars for the economical development of a country and provides a better life quality. Nowadays the research and the technology oriented to the operation and control of the micro/mini power plants has awaken the interest of many researchers in several countries of the world as China, India, Canada, and USA to mention some of them. The induction generator plays a crucial role in the uses of these technologies. The work of Basset and Potter in 1935 is the angular stone over the possibility of generating energy making use of the induction machine and a capacitors bank connected to the machine terminals. This configuration is known as induction auto-excited generator (GIAE). Several investigations have been realized that deal about the functioning principle and the dynamic behavior a GIAE, which can supply electric power in remote isolated regions. In the existing literature have been proposed control strategies to offer voltage regulations and/or frequency into the acceptable range. Some of these control strategies present problems such a demand of a reactive power, harmonics injections in the system, the control circuits are complicated, expensive and voluminous and prone to fail. This paper realizes an analysis of the necessary and sufficient conditions so that an induction machine can operate as GIAE. The corresponding curves are presented for each studied case. The dynamic behavior of the voltage and the frequency generated by the GIAE are studied in detail, which is a contribution to the existing

  16. Real-time auto-focusing technique using centroid method for space camera

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    A real-time auto-focusing system with auto-collimation method is introduced, which is used in autodetecting the focus of the space camera with long focus. Auto-focusing is the key technique to ensure high quality in space imaging. It can measure and compensate the defocus caused by the change of temperature and air pressure etc. in space. To solve the problem of auto-focusing with auto-collimation method of the camera whose axis is perpendicular to the ground, it is designed that two small caliber pentagonal prisms are placed in the area of aperture suitable to the camera's relative aperture based on the theory of auto-focusing with auto-collimation, which can replace the big caliber plane reflector used in other cameras. Using the characteristic of pentagonal prism refracting light vertically, the target slit is imaged in CCD through the two-separated lens. It transforms the detecting of the axial defocusing quantity to the landscape orientation measurement of the faculae's position in the direction of CCD pixels. The defocusing quantity is obtained by measuring the opposite position of the two faculae on the CCD. The Centroid method is adopted to measure the position of the auto-collimation faculae. The arithmetic error is analyzed especially, and the causation is given. Experiments show that this real-time auto-focusing system using centroid method is reliable and the focusing precision can reach ±0.01 mm.

  17. A Review of the Literature on Training Simulators: Translators: Transfer of Training and Simulator Fidelity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-04-01

    RD-R142 732 A REVIEW OF THERLITERATURE ON TRAINING SIMULATORS: / TRANSLATORS :TRANSFER 0 .(U) GEORGIAR INST OF TECH ATLANTA CENTER FOR MAN-MACHINE...Crawford and Crawford 1978) 6. Performance Measure : - What to measure measures of problem solving performance ( Henneman and Rouse 1984) criterion...reported to be a reasonable predictor of errors on fault diagnosis tasks ( Henneman and Rouse 1984). It is therefore reasonable to speculate that training

  18. Fruitful Achievements of Auto China 2006

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ Nine days'Auto China 2006 was closed on November 27,2006.This exhibition set many records:over 1500 domestic and overseas exhibitors attended the meeting;about 300 foreign exhibitors; catered over 600,000 audiences,among which,32,000 are foreign audiences; 6376 domestic and foreign journalists reported this exhibition.Under the prominent results,there are some more figures.Yao Rui,Vice President of China International Exhibition Center Group Corporation shows that the exhibition improved the achievements in ten industries.

  19. Auto-oscillations in complex plasmas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhdanov, Sergej K; Schwabe, Mierk; Heidemann, Ralf; Suetterlin, Robert; Thomas, Hubertus M; Rubin-Zuzic, Milenko; Rothermel, Hermann; Hagl, Tanja; Ivlev, Alexei V; Morfill, Gregor E [Max-Planck-Institut fuer extraterrestrische Physik, D-85741 Garching (Germany); Molotkov, Vladimir I; Lipaev, Andrey M; Petrov, Oleg F; Fortov, Vladimir E [Institute for High Energy Densities, Russian Academy of Sciences, 125412 Moscow (Russian Federation); Reiter, Thomas [Deutsches Zentrum fuer Luft- und Raumfahrt, Linder Hoehe, 51147 Koeln (Germany)], E-mail: zh@mpe.mpg.de

    2010-04-15

    Experimental results on an auto-oscillatory pattern observed in a complex plasma are presented. The experiments are performed with an argon plasma, which is produced under microgravity conditions using a capacitively coupled rf discharge at low power and gas pressure. The observed intense wave activity in the complex plasma cloud correlates well with the low-frequency modulation of the discharge voltage and current and is initiated by periodic void contractions. Particle migrations forced by the waves are of long-range repulsive and attractive character.

  20. Effect of specific resistance training on musculoskeletal pain symptoms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Mogens Theisen; Andersen, Lars Louis; Jørgensen, Marie Birk

    2013-01-01

    ABSTRACT: Pedersen, MT, Andersen, LL, Jørgensen, MB, Søgaard, K, and Sjøgaard, G. Effect of specific resistance training on musculoskeletal pain symptoms: Dose-response relationship. J Strength Cond Res 27(1): 229-235, 2013-The purpose of this study was to investigate the dose-response of strength...... training for relieving musculoskeletal pain in female office workers. The relation between the dose of training in terms of total training volume (sets × repetitions × load reported in training diaries) during a 16-week strength training program and changes in pain (calculated as pain index, 0-100%, from...... self-reported intensities and durations of pain in the upper body and low back) was determined by regression analysis. The women were part of a randomized controlled trial with specific strength training (SRT), all-round physical exercise (APE), and a reference group (REF). Results showed that pain...

  1. The Impact of Product Market Competition on Training Provision

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lai, Tat-kei; Ng, Travis

    While standard models of training focus on how the structure of the input market affects training provisions of firms, this paper investigates the relationship between product market competition and training provision. Using the longitudinal and nationally representative data from Statistics Canada......'s Workplace and Employee Survey, we find that increased competition is strongly associated with more training provision within workplace. We show that this association is unlikely to be driven by unobservable workplace heterogeneity, the specific measures used, and other relevant factors which can affect...... training provisions. To the extent that training is a significant source of human capital and industry competitiveness, our empirical results suggest increasing training is a significant channel through which competition raises productivity....

  2. Reflections on the Purpose of Methodology Training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kontra, Edit H.

    1997-01-01

    Examines the purpose of the methodology course for inservice teacher training. After considering the difficulties arising when trainees' and trainers' goals differ, the article broadens its focus to cover a more general training context and presents a model allowing trainers who recommend a learner-centered approach to put their ideas into…

  3. Technical Training: Places available

    CERN Multimedia

    Monique Duval

    2005-01-01

    The number of places available may vary. Please check our Web site to find out the current availability. Places are available on the following courses: PowerPoint 2003 (F) : 25.4.2005 (1 jour) WORD 2003 - niveau 1 : 2 & 3.5.2005 (2 jours) FrontPage 2003 - niveau 1 : 9 & 10.5.2005 (2 jours) ELEC-2005 - Summer Term: System electronics for physics - Issues : 10, 12, 17, 19, 24, 26 & 31.5.2005 (7 x 2h lectures) AutoCAD 2005 - niveau 1 : 11 & 12.5.2005 (2 days) Finite State Machines in the JCOP Framework: 24 - 26.5.2005 (3 days) The Joint PVSS JCOP Framework: 30.5 - 3.6.2005 (5 days) LabVIEW Migration 6 to 7: 14.6.2005 (1 day) Introduction to ANSYS: 21 - 24.6.2005 (4 days) ENSEIGNEMENT TECHNIQUE TECHNICAL TRAINING Monique Duval 74924 technical.training@cern.ch

  4. The Application of the lightweight database-Spatialite in AutoCAD%轻量数据库 Spatialite 在 AutoCAD 中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柳华桥; 王光昇

    2013-01-01

    一般的GIS软件都支持几何对象的空间分析处理,如Within、Intersect、Contain、Overlap等,而AutoCAD缺少像GIS那样的空间分析功能,但可以借助于轻量级空间数据库Spatialite实现对AutoCAD对象的空间操作。本文讨论了如何将Spatialite空间数据库模块嵌入到AutoCAD平台中以及如何实现对AutoCAD对象的空间处理和运算。%The general GIS software support geometric objects spatial analysis ,such as Within,Intersects,Contains, Overlaps and so on , while AutoCAD lacks these functions , but we can use lightweight spatial database-Spatialite to a-chieve AutoCAD object space operation .This article discusses how to embed the Spatialite space database module into AutoCAD platform,as well as how to realize the AutoCAD object spatial processing and operation .

  5. AutoCAD到AutoCAD Mechanical的平滑过渡

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄皓

    2014-01-01

    AutoCAD Mechanical是AutoCAD面向机械行业的专业版,在行业内对AutoCAD具有全面优势。在2010版的环境下,阐述了AutoCAD Mechanical的新增功能、使用优势和操作技术,可以在较短时间内实现从AutoCAD到AutoCAD Mechanical使用的平滑过渡,实现工作效率与创新能力的倍增。

  6. The Effects of Backwards Running Training on Forward Running Economy in Trained Males.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ordway, Jason D; Laubach, Lloyd L; Vanderburgh, Paul M; Jackson, Kurt J

    2016-03-01

    Backwards running (BR) results in greater cardiopulmonary response and muscle activity compared with forward running (FR). BR has traditionally been used in rehabilitation for disorders such as stroke and lower leg extremity injuries, as well as in short bursts during various athletic events. The aim of this study was to measure the effects of sustained backwards running training on forward running economy in trained male athletes. Eight highly trained, male runners (26.13 ± 6.11 years, 174.7 ± 6.4 cm, 68.4 ± 9.24 kg, 8.61 ± 3.21% body fat, 71.40 ± 7.31 ml·kg(-1)·min(-1)) trained with BR while harnessed on a treadmill at 161 m·min(-1) for 5 weeks following a 5-week BR run-in period at a lower speed (134 m·min(-1)). Subjects were tested at baseline, postfamiliarized, and post-BR training for body composition, a ramped VO2max test, and an economy test designed for trained male runners. Subjects improved forward running economy by 2.54% (1.19 ± 1.26 ml·kg(-1)·min(-1), p = 0.032) at 215 m·min(-1). VO2max, body mass, lean mass, fat mass, and % body fat did not change (p > 0.05). Five weeks of BR training improved FR economy in healthy, trained male runners without altering VO2max or body composition. The improvements observed in this study could be a beneficial form of training to an already economical population to improve running economy.

  7. Effects of combined training vs aerobic training on cognitive functions in COPD: a randomized controlled trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aquino G

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Giovanna Aquino,1 Enzo Iuliano,1 Alessandra di Cagno,2 Angela Vardaro,3 Giovanni Fiorilli,1 Stefano Moffa,1 Alfonso Di Costanzo,1 Giuseppe De Simone,3 Giuseppe Calcagno1 1Department of Medicine and Health Sciences “Vincenzo Tiberio”, University of Molise, Campobasso, 2Department of Health Science, University ForoItalico, Rome, 3“Villa Margherita”, Benevento, Italy Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of high-intensity aerobic training (AT and high-intensity aerobic training combined with resistance training (ie, combined training [CT] on cognitive function in patients with COPD. Methods: Twenty-eight Caucasian male patients (68.35±9.64 years; mean ± SD with COPD were recruited and randomized into two groups, AT and CT. Both groups performed physical reconditioning for 4 weeks, with a frequency of five training sessions per week. The CT group completed two daily sessions of 30 minutes: one aerobic session and one strength session, respectively; The AT group performed two 30-minute aerobic endurance exercise sessions on treadmill. Physical and cognitive function tests were performed before and after the training intervention performances. Results: Exercise training improved the following cognitive functions: long-term memory, verbal fluency, attentional capacity, apraxia, and reasoning skills (P<0.01. Moreover, the improvements in the CT group were significantly greater than those in the AT group in long-term memory, apraxia, and reasoning skills (P<0.05. Conclusion: CT may be a possible strategy to prevent cognitive decline and associated comorbidities in male patients with COPD. Keywords: physical training, cognition, resistance training, rehabilitation, respiratory disease

  8. AutoCAD配合 ArcGIS在建设项目使用林地现状图制作中的应用%Application of AutoCAD Combined with ArcGIS on Situation Map of Occupied Woodland Projects

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋大勇

    2014-01-01

    Application of ArcGIS software on situation map developing process of occupied woodland pro-jects is introduced .Taking nickel-iron blast furnace and sintering matching technology renovation projects of Yunnan Qujing Steel Co ., Ltd for example, a series of methods of AutoCAD vector graphics files lead-in ArcGIS, further more correction and scaling , and dwg format file converted to shp format have been e-laborated in this paper .%介绍利用ArcGIS软件制作建设项目使用林地现状图的流程。以云南曲靖呈钢钢铁有限公司镍铁高炉及烧结配套技改项目使用林地现状图为例,阐述AutoCAD矢量图形文件导入ArcGIS并校正配位、缩放,dwg格式文件转换为shp格式等一系列制作方法。

  9. Report on EURL training course 2014

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olesen, Niels Jørgen; Vendramin, Niccolò; Bruun, Morten Sichlau;

    2014-01-01

    . The overall purpose of the training course was to provide an opportunity for the NRLs to send employees for training in techniques relevant when working with fish diseases. Staff of the EURL provided this training, together with teachers from the Danish Veterinary and Food Administration and CVI......The training courses took place in Copenhagen at DTU National Veterinary Institute, Bülowsvej 27, 2700 Frederiksberg C Denmark, from September the 8th to the 17th, 2014. Two courses were prepared, the first one, with 10 trainees, was entitled “Methods for implementation of surveillance procedures...... for listed fish diseases” and took place from 8th to 12th September 2014. The second course was entitled “Real-time PCR for diagnostics and surveillance of Fish Diseases” and took place in Copenhagen 15th to 17th September 2014 with 13 participants. 3 persons participated in both training courses...

  10. Fuzzy Comprehensive Evaluation of Training Effect on Human Resource Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾建权

    2003-01-01

    On the basis of the essential connotation of the training effect on human resource development and the basic principles of setting up a index system, the evaluation index system of the training effect on human resource development in enterprises has been established. It evaluates the training effect on human resource development with the method of fuzzy comprehensive evaluation and achieves better results. It also provides a scientific, practical and quantitative method for the systematic analysis and comprehensive evaluation of the training effect on human resource development.

  11. Auto-magnetizing liners for magnetized inertial fusion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slutz, S. A.; Jennings, C. A.; Awe, T. J.; Shipley, G. A.; Hutsel, B. T.; Lamppa, D. C.

    2017-01-01

    The MagLIF (Magnetized Liner Inertial Fusion) concept [Slutz et al., Phys. Plasmas 17, 056303 (2010)] has demonstrated fusion-relevant plasma conditions [Gomez et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 155003 (2014)] on the Z accelerator using external field coils to magnetize the fuel before compression. We present a novel concept (AutoMag), which uses a composite liner with helical conduction paths separated by insulating material to provide fuel magnetization from the early part of the drive current, which by design rises slowly enough to avoid electrical breakdown of the insulators. Once the magnetization field is established, the drive current rises more quickly, which causes the insulators to break down allowing the drive current to follow an axial path and implode the liner in the conventional z-pinch manner. There are two important advantages to AutoMag over external field coils for the operation of MagLIF. Low inductance magnetically insulated power feeds can be used to increase the drive current, and AutoMag does not interfere with diagnostic access. Also, AutoMag enables a pathway to energy applications for MagLIF, since expensive field coils will not be damaged each shot. Finally, it should be possible to generate Field Reversed Configurations (FRC) by using both external field coils and AutoMag in opposite polarities. This would provide a means to studying FRC liner implosions on the 100 ns time scale.

  12. Redesigning the auto: key to alleviating the nation's energy crisis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dallaire, G.

    1979-11-01

    The automobile is a tremendous consumer of energy. The entire transport sector uses 26% of the energy and half the oil in the USA. In fact, the American auto alone consumes one-ninth of all the oil used in the world today. Since our present land use patterns lock us into intensive auto use the best approach is to redesign the auto for vastly better fuel economy. By 1985, auto makers will have to have cars that average 27.5 mpg. And beyond that, the Federal DOT wants to produce autos that average 50 mpg. Among things the auto industry is developing: cars to run on new fuels, e.g., gasohol, methanol, ethanol, and liquid fuels derived from coal and oil shale; new auto engines that are vastly more efficient and can burn a variety of fuels, e.g., the Stirling engine and the gas turbine; the electric auto and the hybrid auto (combination electric and engine powered vehicle); the flywheel as a means of storing energy normally wasted in braking; lighter cars using weight-saving materials such as high-strength steels, fiber-reinforced plastics, aluminum, etc.

  13. On Design and Analysis of Blended Learning Based on WeChat Media Platform——The Case of "AutoCAD Drawing" Course in Secodary Vocational School%基于微信公众平台的混合学习设计与分析——以中职《AutoCAD制图》课程为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐梅丹; 孟召坤; 张一春

    2015-01-01

    The paper took the course of "AutoCAD Drawing" for example, designed the process of blended learning on WeChat Media Platform and carried out corresponding teaching practice. And by using process evaluation rubric, questionnaire and interview survey, two-way specification table and bidirectional rating scale, this study counted and analyzed the learning process of students, course grade, learning attitude and learning satisfaction. The results showed that carrying out blended learning based on WeChat Media Platform can stimulate students' curiosity, promote the interaction between teachers and students and improve the learning achievement,so as to achieve a better learning effect.%以中职《AutoCAD制图》课程为例,设计基于微信公众平台的混合学习流程,并开展相应的教学实践.运用过程评价量规工具、问卷调查、访谈调查、双向细目表、双向评等量表模型等方法对学生的学习过程、课程考核成绩、学习态度与满意度以及学习反馈等进行统计与分析.研究表明,开展基于微信公众平台的混合学习能够激发学生好奇心、促进师生交互、提高学习成绩,取得了较好的学习效果.

  14. Auto-Pattern Programmable Kernel Filter (Auto-PPKF for Suppression of Bot Generated Traffic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kritika Govind

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Bots usually vary from their other malicious counter parts by periodically reporting to the botmaster through regular exchange of messages. Our experiments on bot attack generation showed a continuous exchange of packets with similar content between the botmaster and the zombie machine at various time intervals. Though there were also genuine packets with similar content being sent out of the victim machine challenge was to differentiate between the two and pass only the genuine ones. In this paper, an algorithm namely Auto-Pattern Programmable Kernel Filter (Auto-PPKF, for automatic detection of patterns from packet payload for filtering out malicious packets generated by bots is proposed. The significant feature of our proposed Auto-PPKF algorithm is that, the malicious pattern is deduced at kernel level on the fly from packet payload. Traditional algorithms such as Boyer Moore, Knuth Morris Patt, and Naive Pattern search algorithms require the pattern to be identified available a priori. Currently, Longest Common Subsequence (LCS algorithm stands as the most preferred algorithm for pattern matching. But the disadvantage is that common sequences can also exist in many genuine packets. Hence, the challenge lies in automatic detection of malicious patterns and filtering of the packets having such malicious patterns. This would not only put off the communication between the Botmaster and Zombie machine, but will also thus prevent user information from being sent to the botmaster.

  15. Effects of eccentric cycling and endurance training versus low cadence cycling and endurance training on muscle strength and cycling performance in trained individuals

    OpenAIRE

    Eidsheim, Hedda Øyeflaten

    2016-01-01

    Background: Recent studies have shown a positive effect of concurrent strength and endurance training on performance in cycling. Still, few studies have investigated the effect of eccentric cycling (ECC) and low cadence cycling (LCC) on muscle strength and determinants of cycling performance. Aim: Compare the effect of concurrent ECC and endurance training with concurrent LCC and endurance training on strength development, muscle thickness, and cycling performance in trained...

  16. Indicators of special physical training archers on the stage of special basic training

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonov S.V.

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The features of the special physical training of archers are considered from a bow on the stage of the specialized base training. To research 45 sportsmen (24 youths and a 21 girls were brought over from the anchorwomen of sporting schools of Ukraine (Lvov, Kharkov. Testing of leading physical qualities is conducted for archery. It is set that the special physical training of sportsmen is characterized prevailing of displays of power qualities. It is not discovered differences for the displays of co-ordinating capabilities (complex display, feelings of the bow and separate power qualities (force of bow, multiple traction of bow on gender features. It is set that skilled sportsmen do not show the proper level of contiguous development of co-ordinating and power qualities. Recommended for the training process of skilled sportsmen is an increase of volume of exercises with the directed development of co-ordinating capabilities.

  17. 基于造型CAS面的车门铰链及车门分缝布置的设计研究%Research of auto door hinge and parting line layout base on CAS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李文玺; 唐淳; 雷学明

    2016-01-01

    Abatract: With the rapid development of Chinese automobile industry and the upgrade of consumer spending levers, consumers require increasing high quality of auto. Be the first part consumers touch in auto, the door quality is vecy important. In the auto design,hinge arrangement on the door has enormous influence on the quality of operation.This paper mainly introduces the door hinge layout method and the evaluation index.And introduces the check method of door parting line feasibility base on the product manufacturing tolerance.%随着中国汽车工业的迅猛发展和国内消费者消费层次升级,消费者对汽车品质要求越来越高,车门作为客户接触汽车本身的第一道系统,对客户感受极其重要。而在汽车正向设计中,汽车车门铰链布置对车门操作品质影响极大。文章重点介绍了在造型设计阶段基于造型CAS面的车门铰链布置方法及其评价指标,同时基于产品制造公差进行车门铰链布置和车门分缝布置分析校核。

  18. Driving Auto Parts Sector

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DING WENLEI

    2010-01-01

    @@ Pacific Century Motor Systems Co.Ltd. (PCM), funded by Beijing E-Town International Investment and Development Co. Ltd. and Tempo International Group Ltd., announced the acquisition of General Motors' steering division, Nexteer Automotive, on November 29.The transaction, worth an estimated $420 million, took 10 months to complete and marks the single largest Chinese investment in the global automotive supplier industry.

  19. Auto's te water.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vis, A.A.

    1970-01-01

    Yearly in the Netherlands, about 1200 vehicles fall into the water, out of which 80 to 100 occupants are killed. Investigations done on this subject showed that a) a vehicle fallen into the water can already be vacated in several ways during the drifting b) the construction and equipment of the vehi

  20. Effects of Question-Generation Training on Reading Comprehension.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davey, Beth; McBride, Susan

    1986-01-01

    The study examined the effects of training in question generation on comprehension question performance, on quality and form of generated questions, and on accuracy of predicted comprehension. Sixth-grade students trained in question generation outperformed four comparison groups on several comprehension and metacomprehension measures. (Author/LMO)

  1. TECHNICAL TRAINING: Places available**

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    If you wish to participate in one of the following courses, please discuss with your supervisor and apply electronically directly from the course description pages that can be found on the Web at: http://www.cern.ch/Training/ or fill in an "application for training" form available from your Divisional Secretariat or from your DTO (Divisional Training Officer). Applications will be accepted in the order of their receipt. TECHNICAL TRAINING Monique Duval Tel. 74924 technical.training@cern.ch ** The number of places available may vary. Please check our Web site to find out the current availability. Places are available in the following courses: The EDMS-MTF in practice (free of charge) : 28 -  30.10.03 (6 half-day sessions) AutoCAD 2002 – Level 1 : 3, 4, 12, 13.11.03 (4 days) LabVIEW TestStand ver. 3 : 4 & 5.11.03 (2 days) Introduction to PSpice : 4.11.03 p.m. (half-day) Hands-on Introduction to Python Programming : 12 – 14.11.03 (3 days) ACCESS ...

  2. Technical Training: Places available

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    If you wish to participate in one of the following courses, please discuss with your supervisor and apply electronically directly from the course description pages that can be found on the Web at: http://www.cern.ch/Training/ or fill in an "application for training" form available from your Divisional Secretariat or from your DTO (Divisional Training Officer). Applications will be accepted in the order of their receipt. TECHNICAL TRAINING Monique Duval tel. 74924 technical.training@cern.ch The number of places available may vary. Please check our Web site to find out the current availability. Places are available in the following courses: AutoCAD 2002 - niveau 1 : 19, 20.4 et 3, 4.5.2004 (4 jours) Oracle 8i/9i - Develop Web-based Applications with PL/SQL : 19 & 20.4.2004 (2 days) Introduction to ANSYS : 20 - 23.4.2004 (4 days) LabVIEW Hands-on : 20.4.2004 (half-day, p.m.) FrontPage XP - niveau 2 : 26 & 27.4.2004 (2 jours) The Joint PVSS JCOP Framework : 26 -...

  3. Art of Innovation——Auto Shanghai 2009

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    @@ As one of the important global automotive industry events that are worthiest of being participated in and devoted into in 2009,The 13th International Automobile & Manufacturing Technology Exhibition ("Auto Shanghai 2009") themed on "Art of Innovation" will take place April.2228,2009 at the Shanghai New International Exhibition Centre with a brand new vision. According to latest statistics report of China Association of Automobile Manufacturers,the automotive industry keeps on the fast development track.The output and sales volume of 2007 are increased by 22.02% and 21.84%,respectively,which both achieve the new highest record in history while the output is expected to exceed 10 million in 2008.China is expected to become the second largest auto manufacturing country and second largest auto market in the world.

  4. Auto convergence for stereoscopic 3D cameras

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Buyue; Kothandaraman, Sreenivas; Batur, Aziz Umit

    2012-03-01

    Viewing comfort is an important concern for 3-D capable consumer electronics such as 3-D cameras and TVs. Consumer generated content is typically viewed at a close distance which makes the vergence-accommodation conflict particularly pronounced, causing discomfort and eye fatigue. In this paper, we present a Stereo Auto Convergence (SAC) algorithm for consumer 3-D cameras that reduces the vergence-accommodation conflict on the 3-D display by adjusting the depth of the scene automatically. Our algorithm processes stereo video in realtime and shifts each stereo frame horizontally by an appropriate amount to converge on the chosen object in that frame. The algorithm starts by estimating disparities between the left and right image pairs using correlations of the vertical projections of the image data. The estimated disparities are then analyzed by the algorithm to select a point of convergence. The current and target disparities of the chosen convergence point determines how much horizontal shift is needed. A disparity safety check is then performed to determine whether or not the maximum and minimum disparity limits would be exceeded after auto convergence. If the limits would be exceeded, further adjustments are made to satisfy the safety limits. Finally, desired convergence is achieved by shifting the left and the right frames accordingly. Our algorithm runs real-time at 30 fps on a TI OMAP4 processor. It is tested using an OMAP4 embedded prototype stereo 3-D camera. It significantly improves 3-D viewing comfort.

  5. Training on Call: The Open Learning Network.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garside, Susan

    1996-01-01

    Queensland (Australia) Open Learning Network delivered training to telephone industry workers using audiographic conferencing. Ways to overcome the lack of face-to-face interaction were devised, and the presenter used oral cues more extensively. (SK)

  6. 基于 PLC 的全自动包装机控制系统开发与实现%Development and Achievement of Auto Packaging Machinery Control System Based on PLC

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓昌奇

    2014-01-01

    A control system of auto -weighting auto-mixed packaging machine can be based on PLC according to the characteristics of fer-tilizer powdery .The system can realize automatic control of weighting ,mixing ,packing ,and auto-sealing off function .It has the charac-teristics of less waste ,convenient control and dynamics weighing function etc .It can be used in fertilizer weighing package of powdery and granular .Various performance indicators are proved to be stable and reliable by field test and run ,and measurement accuracy can meet the ideal requirements ,thus the result of auto-control in packaging machine is realized .%针对化肥粉末料的特点,提出了一种基于PLC控制器的自动计量混合包装机的控制系统,实现称量、混合、包装以及封口等工作过程的自动控制,具有浪费少、控制方便和动态称量等特点,可用于各种粉末状、颗粒状等肥料称重包装。系统在现场实验和运行中的各项性能指标稳定可靠,计量精度达到了设计的要求,实现了包装机自动控制的目的。

  7. Virtual Laparoscopic Training System Based on VCH Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Jiangzhou; Xu, Lang; He, Longjun; Guan, Songluan; Ming, Xing; Liu, Qian

    2017-04-01

    Laparoscopy has been widely used to perform abdominal surgeries, as it is advantageous in that the patients experience lower post-surgical trauma, shorter convalescence, and less pain as compared to traditional surgery. Laparoscopic surgeries require precision; therefore, it is imperative to train surgeons to reduce the risk of operation. Laparoscopic simulators offer a highly realistic surgical environment by using virtual reality technology, and it can improve the training efficiency of laparoscopic surgery. This paper presents a virtual Laparoscopic surgery system. The proposed system utilizes the Visible Chinese Human (VCH) to construct the virtual models and simulates real-time deformation with both improved special mass-spring model and morph target animation. Meanwhile, an external device that integrates two five-degrees-of-freedom (5-DOF) manipulators was designed and made to interact with the virtual system. In addition, the proposed system provides a modular tool based on Unity3D to define the functions and features of instruments and organs, which could help users to build surgical training scenarios quickly. The proposed virtual laparoscopic training system offers two kinds of training mode, skills training and surgery training. In the skills training mode, the surgeons are mainly trained for basic operations, such as laparoscopic camera, needle, grasp, electric coagulation, and suturing. In the surgery-training mode, the surgeons can practice cholecystectomy and removal of hepatic cysts by guided or non-guided teaching.

  8. Brilliance Auto:Chinese, Global, Successful

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    @@ As the only automobile sponsor of BOAO FORUM FOR ASIA in April 2004, Brilliance Auto had a great opportunity to show her 'New Zhonghua" sedan which is an upper-medium car with completely independent intellectual property rights and repre sents the independent development philosophy of Brilliance Auto and is especially made for business personnel. The development pattern of Zhonghua sedan set a brand new model in Chinese auto industry to utilize the global resources and talents and international division of labor in the international arena, and she has become a typical sample of independent brand sedans in the contemporary Chinese auto industry.

  9. Technical Training: Places available

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    If you wish to participate in one of the following courses, please discuss with your supervisor and apply electronically directly from the course description pages that can be found on the Web at: http://www.cern.ch/Training/ or fill in an "application for training" form available from your Divisional Secretariat or from your DTO (Divisional Training Officer). Applications will be accepted in the order of their receipt. TECHNICAL TRAINING Monique Duval tel. 74924 technical.training@cern.ch The number of places available may vary. Please check our Web site to find out the current availability. Places are available in the following courses: Instructor-led WBTechT study or follow-up for Microsoft applications : 1.4.2004 (morning) FrontPage XP - niveau 1 : 5 & 6.4.2004 (2 jours) AutoCAD 2002 - niveau 1 : 19, 20.4 et 3, 4.5.2004 (4 jours) Oracle 8i/9i - Develop Web-based Applications with PL/SQL : 19 & 20.4.2004 (2 days) Introduction to ANSYS : 20 - 23.4.2004 (4 day...

  10. A Generalized Framework for Auto-tuning Stencil Computations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kamil, Shoaib; Chan, Cy; Williams, Samuel; Oliker, Leonid; Shalf, John; Howison, Mark; Bethel, E. Wes; Prabhat,

    2009-05-01

    This work introduces a generalized framework for automatically tuning stencil computations to achieve superior performance on a broad range of multicore architectures. Stencil (nearest-neighbor) based kernels constitute the core of many important scientific applications involving block-structured grids. Auto-tuning systems search over optimization strategies to find the combination of tunable parameters that maximizes computational efficiency for a given algorithmic kernel. Although the auto-tuning strategy has been successfully applied to libraries, generalized stencil kernels are not amenable to packaging as libraries. Studied kernels in this work include both memory-bound kernels as well as a computation-bound bilateral filtering kernel. We introduce a generalized stencil auto-tuning framework that takes a straightforward Fortran expression of a stencil kernel and automatically generates tuned implementations of the kernel in C or Fortran to achieve performance portability across diverse computer architectures.

  11. Finite Element Meshes Auto-Generation for the Welted Bifurcation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YUANMei; LIYa-ping

    2004-01-01

    In this paper, firstly, a mathematical model for a specific kind of welted bifurcation is established, the parametric equation for the intersecting curve is resulted in. Secondly, a method for partitioning finite element meshes of the welted bifurcation is put forward, its main idea is that developing the main pipe surface and the branch pipe surface respectively, dividing meshes on each developing plane and obtaining meshes points, then transforming their plane coordinates into space coordinates. Finally, an applied program for finite element meshes auto-generation is simply introduced, which adopt ObjectARX technique and its running result can be shown in AutoCAD. The meshes generated in AutoCAD can be exported conveniently to most of finite element analysis soft wares, and the finite element computing result can satisfy the engineering precision requirement.

  12. AutoCAD自动化控制器中执行AutoCAD命令

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邬昌明

    2001-01-01

    由于AutoCAD自动化(Automation)没有提供执行AutoCAD命令的方法,因此在利用自动化接口对AutoCAD进行二次开发时,不能直接执行AutoCAD软件自身提供的各种命令,本文提出了一种解决此问题的办法。

  13. 基于AutoCAD2005环境下二次开发DWG文件加密器的研究与实现%Researches and realization on the second development of equipment add passward in DWG file, which is based on the environment of AutoCAD2005

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈宏斌; 石湘龙

    2006-01-01

    这里通过对 AutoCAD常用加密方法的分析,结合在实际工作中存在的加密问题,基于 AutoCAD2005环境下,介绍了二次开发 DWG文件加密器的方法与技术,最后得出结论,阐述其开发的重要意义.

  14. The effects of balance training and ankle training on the gait of elderly people who have fallen

    OpenAIRE

    Choi, Jung-Hyun; Kim, Nyeon-Jun

    2015-01-01

    [Purpose] The aim of this study was to examine the effects of balance training and muscle training around the ankle joints on the gait of elderly people who have experienced a fall. [Subjects] Twenty-six elderly people with a risk of falling and a Berg Balance Scale score of 37 to 50 points who had experienced a fall in the last year were randomly and equally assigned to either a balance training group or an ankle training group. The balance training group received training on a hard floor, t...

  15. A Vision Training Program's Impact on Ice Hockey Performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alison Jenerou, OD

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: This study was carried out to determine whether a preseason vision training program would improve visual skills and season success in a Division I men’s ice hockey team. Methods: A six-week vision training program was implemented with the Ferris State University Men’s Ice Hockey team during their pre-season workouts. Vision training incorporated binocular and accommodative training along with dynamic visual skills training. Results: The study showed an improvement in base out vergence ranges, binocular accommodative facility, and Wayne Saccadic Fixator (WSF scores and was viewed by players to have made a positive impact on their individual performance. The pre- and post vision training goals, shots on goal, and shooting percentage all significantly improved following training. Conclusion: The vision training program during preseason workouts had a positive impact on the players’ visual skills important for hockey. The players’ perception of their vision and how they were using their vision during competitive play also showed a significant change. The majority of the players felt that vision training was an effective use of their practice time allotted by the NCAA.

  16. Who is in charge? The impact of home-based computerized cognitive training on the Cognitive Training Alliance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wilms, Inge Linda

    2017-01-01

    Purpose: This case study observes and analyses how home-based computerized cognitive rehabilitation training impacts the relationship between the patient and home training assistants being either the spouse or paid care takers. The use of computerized cognitive training at home is fairly new...... to the emotional challenges of being a training assistant. A Cognitive Training Alliance model for a cognitive training alliance is proposed which takes into consideration the challenges of delegating training responsibility to computers and home-based assistants. Conclusion: It is important to understand how...... the use of computerized cognitive training in clinics or at home influences the training alliance to avoid or diminish frustration on the part of the patients and assistants....

  17. Return on Investment for Workplace Training: The Canadian Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Percival, Jennifer C.; Cozzarin, Brian P.; Formaneck, Steven D.

    2013-01-01

    One of the central problems in managing technological change and maintaining a competitive advantage in business is improving the skills of the workforce through investment in human capital and a variety of training practices. This paper explores the evidence on the impact of training investment on productivity in 14 Canadian industries from 1999…

  18. The Impact of Train Staff on the Customer Experience

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Mark van Hagen; Jessica Sauren

    2015-01-01

    The NS (Netherlands Railways) has developed an instrument which allows the measurement of both hard and less tangible quality aspects. This instrument, the so-called TEM (train experience monitor), monitors the quality experiences of customers with an aim to influencing key areas and underlying aspects. The TEM is a measurement instrument based on scientific evidence and questions passengers on the most important aspects of the train and train journey. These can be either functional questions on, e.g., security, cleanliness and information provision, or more emotional questions on the atmosphere and comfort of the train, e.g., whether passengers find the train pleasant and they feel welcome, including the role of the staff. The experience of a train journey can be influenced in three dimensions: process, people and place. Our focus in this study is on the importance of the people dimension, and for this purpose, the train staff experimented with a number of scripts which varied in their approach to tannoy announcements, ticket control and service provision. The findings show that the script focusing on control in combination with a warm (instead of a rational/business-like) service provision generates the highest assessment of the staff. On scrutinizing the influence of the scripts on the general assessment of the train journey, it is quite clear that the aforementioned script has a significant and positive impact.

  19. International Consultation and Training on Group Work in South Asia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ibrahim, Farah A.

    2015-01-01

    This article presents a consultation and training for faculty and graduate students in South Asia under the auspices of the United Nations' Transfer of Knowledge Through Expatriate Nationals (TOKTEN) Program. It describes the development of a consultation relationship and training on group work. Needs assessments focusing on both cultural…

  20. Three Reflections on Assessing Safety Training Needs: A Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sleezer, Catherine M.; Kelsey, Kathleen D.; Wood, Thomas E.

    2008-01-01

    Needs assessment plays an important role in training and human performance improvement efforts, but the literature contains little research on this topic. This study extended previous research on the Performance Analysis for Training (PAT) model of needs assessment by examining its implementation to determine environmental and occupational health…

  1. A Qualitative Study on Men’s Involvement in Reproductive Health of Women among Auto-rickshaw Drivers in Bangalore Rural

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vaishali S. Gaikwad

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: Men’s reproductive health directly affects the partner’s reproductive health. Men also may serve as gatekeepers to women’s access to reproductive health services. “Male involvement” in reproductive health and family planning programmes is not just promoting the use of male methods of contraception, but men’s supportive roles in their families. Objectives: 1. To know the attitudes of men regarding the family planning and women’s health. 2. To know the involvement and participation of men in maternity, delivery, post-natal care and family planning. 3. To study the treatment seeking behaviour of men for the reproductive health. problems. Methods: The study was conducted on the auto-rickshaw drivers in the Hoskote town. Total 96 married men were interviewed using a well-designed and pretested questionnaire. The aspects covered are awareness and practices related to RTIs/STIs/HIV/AIDS, family planning, antenatal care and treatment seeking behaviour for the reproductive health problems. Results: Majority (62.50% of the men did not help their wives seek antenatal care. Only few 7(7.29% were aware of parameters of antenatal care. There were 44 (45.83% men who reported the symptoms of reproductive tract infections (RTIs. Among the men suffering from RTIs, only 32(72.73% took treatment. Only 6(6.25% people were aware of the all family planning methods. There were 39 (40.63% participants having extramarital sexual relations with prostitutes or other females, of which 25(64.10% people do not use condoms while engaging in the high risk sexual encounters. There were 34 (35.42% men not aware of HIV/AIDS. Conclusion: Antenatal care and family planning are considered the primary responsibility of the women. Also majority of the men in the study group have high risk sexual behaviour. The awareness regarding HIV/AIDS is low.

  2. Research on Auto Flight Path Planning Algorithm of Multiple Unmanned Air Vehicles%多无人机飞行路径自动规划算法研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马传焱

    2015-01-01

    The path planning plays an important role in the reconnaissance task of unmanned air vehicle(UAV).Aiming at auto flight path planning algorithm of multi⁃UAV,this paper analyzes the key technologies of modeling and algorithm design.The algorithm uses Voronoi diagram for path planning. Based on the constructed battlefield environment V diagram, the Dijkstra algorithm in graph theory is used for initial path search and optimization.The simulation results show that this algorithm can be used to plan flight path for a typical multi⁃UAV flight task,and adapt to multiple constraint conditions.At last,it is shown that reasonable results of path planning are obtained.%路径规划对无人机完成其侦察作战任务具有重要意义。针对多无人机飞行路径自动规划算法,从模型建立和算法设计2个方面对规划过程中的关键技术进行了详细分析。算法采用构造Voronoi多边形图的方法来进行路径规划。基于构建的战场环境V图,采用图论中的Dijkstra 算法,对V图进行搜索得到初始航路并进行优化。经过分析仿真结果证明,该算法能对典型的多无人机飞行任务进行路径规划,并能满足多种约束条件,获取合理的规划结果。

  3. Auto-calibration of Systematic Odometry Errors in Mobile Robots

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bak, Martin; Larsen, Thomas Dall; Andersen, Nils Axel;

    1999-01-01

    This paper describes the phenomenon of systematic errors in odometry models in mobile robots and looks at various ways of avoiding it by means of auto-calibration. The systematic errors considered are incorrect knowledge of the wheel base and the gains from encoder readings to wheel displacement....... By auto-calibration we mean a standardized procedure which estimates the uncertainties using only on-board equipment such as encoders, an absolute measurement system and filters; no intervention by operator or off-line data processing is necessary. Results are illustrated by a number of simulations...

  4. 基于引力模型的中国汽车零部件出口影响因素研究%Influential Factors on Export of China Auto Parts Based on Gravity Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张玉佳; 段元萍; 朱丽娜

    2011-01-01

    通过实证检验,发现改进后的引力檬型对中国汽车零部件出口的影响十分明显;运输成本是影响中国汽车零部件出口的重要因素;人民币升值会对中国汽车零部件的出口产生较大的负面影响;传统的贸易壁垒对中国汽车零部件出口依然产生较大的负面影响。中国应注重自主创新,提高汽车零部件产业发展水平;拓展新兴市场,推动区域经贸合作;有效规避汇率风险,适度调整贸易产业政策。同时,汽车零部件企业也应转变营销理念,充分了解出口市场,提高企业及其产品的知名度,提升国际交流能力,培养全球化战略眼光。%The empirical test shows dlat modified gravity model has obvious effect on export of China auto parts, transportation cost is an important factor, RMB appreciation has negative effect, and traditional trade barrier still has greater negative effect. China should value independent innovation to develop its industry of auto parts, expand nascent markets to promote regional cooperation, effectively avoid exchange risks to adjust trade policy. Furthermore, the enterprises of auto parts should change marketing concept to know export market, increase their popularity and ability of international communication, and develop a strategic vision of globalizatian.

  5. Training based on mirror visual feedback influences transcallosal communication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avanzino, Laura; Raffo, Alessia; Pelosin, Elisa; Ogliastro, Carla; Marchese, Roberta; Ruggeri, Piero; Abbruzzese, Giovanni

    2014-08-01

    Mirror visual feedback (MVF) therapy has been demonstrated to be successful in neurorehabilitation, probably inducing neuroplasticity changes in the primary motor cortex (M1). However, it is not known whether MVF training influences the hemispheric balance between the M1s. This topic is of extreme relevance when MVF training is applied to stroke rehabilitation, as the competitive interaction between the two hemispheres induces abnormal interhemispheric inhibition (IHI) that weakens motor function in stroke patients. In the present study, we evaluated, in a group of healthy subjects, the effect of motor training and MVF training on the excitability of the two M1s and the IHI between M1s. The IHI from the 'active' M1 to the opposite M1 (where 'active' means the M1 contralateral to the moving hand in the motor training and the M1 of the seen hand in the MVF training) increased, after training, in both the experimental conditions. Only after motor training did we observe an increase in the excitability of the active M1. Our findings show that training based on MVF may influence the excitability of the transcallosal pathway and support its use in disorders where abnormal IHI is a potential target, such as stroke, where an imbalance between the affected and unaffected M1s has been documented.

  6. China's Auto Parts Industry Has Experienced 3 Periods Over The Past 30 Years

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    The following was a keynote speech of the CAAM at an annual conference on the auto parts industry. 1.The first stage:to introduce the advanced technologies to localize car parts. In the mid 1980's,the auto industry began introducing the car and truck

  7. A comparison of the auto industry competition edge between India and China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>Both India and China have been viewed as the mostpotential countries in the 21st century.Up to now,thetwo governments have set up the auto industry as apillar to lead their national economies.There havebeen disputes on the competition edge of the auto

  8. Europe's Auto/Oil 2 program, understanding the cost-benefits of NGV's

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Weide, J. van der

    2000-01-01

    In the mid-nineties in Europe, the so-called Auto/Oil 1 Program was carried out. The aim was to improve air quality in urban areas by setting new emissions standards based on improved vehicle and fuel technology. The program was carried out by the auto and oil industry under leadership of the Europe

  9. Estimating Auto Demand Diversion to Transit Caused by Bike-Sharing Using Optimization Based on Value of Time

    OpenAIRE

    Rosenthal, Dock S.

    2015-01-01

    In 2015 bike-sharing has become a viable transportation mode in the urban core of many large cities worldwide. Notably lacking is research on the bike-sharing/transit connection. Bike-sharing provides an excellent solution to the “first-last mile” problem experienced by transit networks but data is difficult to collect due to the independent operation of each network. This thesis proposes an optimization algorithm of user mode choice based on minimizing cost. Required system characteristics f...

  10. Digital control systems training on a distance learning platform

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jan PIECHA

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals with new training technologies development based on approach to distance learning website, implemented in the laboratory of a Traffic Engineering study branch at Faculty of Transport. The discussed computing interface allows students complete knowledge of traffic controllers’ architecture and machine language programming fundamentals. These training facilities are available at home; at their remote terminal. The training resources consist of electronic / computer based training; guidebooks and software units. The laboratory provides the students with an interface entering into simulation packages and programming interfaces, supporting the web training facilities. The courseware complexity selection is one of the most difficult factors in intelligent training unit’s development. The dynamically configured application provides the user with his individually set structure of the training resources. The trainee controls the application structure and complexity, from the time he started. For simplifying the training process and studying activities, several unifications were provided. The introduced ideas need various standardisations, simplifying the e-learning units’ development and application control processes [8], [9]. Further training facilities development concerns virtual laboratory environment organisation in laboratories of Transport Faculty.

  11. Effects of kayak ergometer training on motor performance in paraplegics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bjerkefors, A; Thorstensson, A

    2006-10-01

    The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of kayak ergometer training on functional tests performed in wheelchair by persons with spinal cord injury. Ten post-rehabilitated persons with thoracic spinal cord injury volunteered for the study and performed 30 sessions of kayak ergometer training during a 10-week period. The ergometer was modified with an additional balance demand in the medio-lateral direction. Before and after the training period the subjects performed functional tests in the wheelchair: Sit-and-reach tests (distance), mounting a platform, transfer to a bench (height), propelling the wheelchair: 5 m on the rear wheels; in a figure-8; 15 m on a level surface and 50 m on a 3 degrees inclined surface (time). Test-retests were performed for all tests before the training began. A written questionnaire was distributed to evaluate the subjective experiences of the training. The test-retest resulted in coefficient of variation of 1.3 - 4.6 %. There were significant improvements in sit-and-reach (14 %), mounting a platform (7 %), transfer to a bench (10 %), propelling on level (3 %), and inclined surface (6 %). Furthermore, the training, did not cause any shoulder pain or other problems. This, and the positive subjective experience expressed by the subjects after the training indicate that this type of training is a suitable activity for persons with thoracic spinal cord injury.

  12. Self-assembling protein arrays on DNA chips by auto-labeling fusion proteins with a single DNA address

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jongsma, M.A.; Litjens, R.H.G.M.

    2006-01-01

    The high-throughput deposition of recombinant proteins on chips, beads or biosensor devices would be greatly facilitated by the implementation of self-assembly concepts. DNA-directed immobilization via conjugation of proteins to an oligonucleotide would be preeminently suited for this purpose. Here,

  13. Effect of particle size on the experimental dissolution and auto-aluminization processes of K-vermiculite

    Science.gov (United States)

    Viennet, Jean-Christophe; Hubert, Fabien; Tertre, Emmanuel; Ferrage, Eric; Robin, Valentin; Dzene, Liva; Cochet, Carine; Turpault, Marie-Pierre

    2016-05-01

    In acidic soils, the fixation of Al in the interlayer spaces of 2:1 clay minerals and the subsequent formation of hydroxyl interlayer minerals (HIMs) are known to reduce soil fertility. The resulting crystal structure of HIMs consist of complex mixed-layer minerals (MLMs) with contrasting relative proportions of expandable, hydroxy-interlayers (HI) and illite layers. The present study aims to experimentally assess the influence of particle size on the formation of such complex HIMs for vermiculite saturated with potassium (K). Based on chemical and structural data, this study reports the dissolution and Al-interlayer occupancy of three size fractions (0.1-0.2, 1-2 and 10-20 μm) of K-vermiculite, which were obtained at pH = 3 by using stirred flow-through reactors. The Al-interlayer occupancies were ordered 0.1-0.2 μm soils.

  14. Follicular Viability and Histological Alterations after nAuto-transplantation of Dog Ovaries by Experimentally Inducing Blood Sinus on Stomach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hazhir Khoram

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Background:Currently, chemotherapy and radiotherapy are considered most effective methods forcancer treatment, however these strategies often result in fertility problems. A favorable alternativeto prevent fertility loss in cancer patients is the cryopreservation and transplantation of sexualtissues (ovaries and/or testes. There is a low rate of fertilization following cryopreservation ofovaries prior to implantation. Therefore, in our opinion, this low rate is caused by instable bloodflow during organ transplantation. Thus, this study researches a canine ovarian model that focuses ondirect exposure of ovaries with blood in an experimentally induced sinus-like cavity. We implantedthis tissue on the muscular layer of the stomach, which is its most vascularized region.Materials and Methods: Ovarian transplantation was conducted on T1 animals (n=5, bilateralovariectomy was performed on T2 animals (n=5, unilateral ovariectomy was conducted on T3 casesand animals in the control-sham group (n=5 did not undergo ovariectomy or transplantation.Results: All isotransplanted ovaries survived. Ovaries resumed follicular growth andrevascularization. Transplanted ovaries contained 75%-76% of survived small follicles (pre antralafter 60 days. The ovarian granulosa cells showed considerable resistance against ischemia. Afterday 30 no statistically significant differences in the level of estradiol and progesterone were observedbetween T1 animals and the T3 group. T1 animals showed considerably high levels of progesteroneand estradiol in comparison to T2 cases.Conclusion: This study showed that using blood sinus method for ovarian isotransplantation helpsovarian tissue to survive from post implantation ischemia which confirms with normal folliclespresentation and intact endocrine function of the implanted ovaries.

  15. Impact of fuel molecular structure on auto-ignition behavior – Design rules for future high performance gasolines

    KAUST Repository

    Boot, Michael D.

    2016-12-29

    At a first glance, ethanol, toluene and methyl tert-butyl ether look nothing alike with respect to their molecular structures. Nevertheless, all share a similarly high octane number. A comprehensive review of the inner workings of such octane boosters has been long overdue, particularly at a time when feedstocks for transport fuels other than crude oil, such as natural gas and biomass, are enjoying a rapidly growing market share. As high octane fuels sell at a considerable premium over gasoline, diesel and jet fuel, new entrants into the refining business should take note and gear their processes towards knock resistant compounds if they are to maximize their respective bottom lines. Starting from crude oil, the route towards this goal is well established. Starting from biomass or natural gas, however, it is less clear what dots on the horizon to aim for. The goal of this paper is to offer insight into the chemistry behind octane boosters and to subsequently distill from this knowledge, taking into account recent advances in engine technology, multiple generic design rules that guarantee good anti-knock performance. Careful analysis of the literature suggests that highly unsaturated (cyclic) compounds are the preferred octane boosters for modern spark-ignition engines. Additional side chains of any variety will dilute this strong performance. Multi-branched paraffins come in distant second place, owing to their negligible sensitivity. Depending on the type and location of functional oxygen groups, oxygenates can have a beneficial, neutral or detrimental impact on anti-knock quality.

  16. School Board Training: Its Effect on Southern California Governance Teams

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turley, Kristina

    2013-01-01

    This study examines the impact the California School Boards Association's (CSBA) Masters in Governance (MIG) training program has on effective school board governance practice. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a relationship exists between effective school boards and a commitment to seek and attend school board training. This…

  17. Effectiveness of Mobile Learning on Athletic Training Psychomotor Skill Acquisition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davie, Emily; Martin, Malissa; Cuppett, Micki; Lebsack, Denise

    2015-01-01

    Context: Instruction of psychomotor skills is an important component of athletic training education. Accommodating the varied learning abilities and preferences of athletic training students can be challenging for an instructor initiating skill acquisition in a traditional face-to-face (F2F) environment. Video instruction available on mobile…

  18. Main Idea Comprehension: Training Teachers and Effects on Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carriedo, N.; Alonso-Tapia, J.

    1996-01-01

    Investigates the effectiveness of main idea identification training by teachers who had been successfully trained in such identification. Finds that the experimental group of students (in grades six, seven, and eight) performed better than the control group on main idea identification and knowledge of strategies related to that process. Discusses…

  19. Impact of Teacher Use of Time Training on Student Achievement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thieme-Busch, Carolyn A.; Prom, Sukai E.

    A study evaluated an adaption of the Stallings Process of Teaching Reading in Secondary Schools in a large urban public school system. This inservice training program is designed to increase teachers' effective use of time. The program is composed of pre-training observations and resulting feedback on needed improvements in classroom behavior,…

  20. Training Insight Problem Solving through Focus on Barriers and Assumptions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walinga, Jennifer; Cunningham, J. Barton; MacGregor, James N.

    2011-01-01

    Recent research has reported successful training interventions that improve insight problem solving. In some ways this is surprising, because the processes involved in insight solutions are often assumed to be unconscious, whereas the training interventions focus on conscious cognitive strategies. We propose one mechanism that may help to explain…

  1. Implementing on-the-job training: critical success factors

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zolingen, van Simone J.; Streumer, Jan N.; Jong, de Rolinda; Klink, van der Marcel R.

    2000-01-01

    Post Offices Inc. in The Netherlands has developed and implemented a new instruction model for the training of desk employees. The quality of the new instruction model was assessed by means of the evaluation model of Jacobs and Jones for on-the-job training. It is concluded that the implementation o

  2. Effectiveness of accommodation and constant resistance training on maximal strength and power in trained athletes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jalil Ataee

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Accommodation resistance is a training technique that may improve strength and power gains beyond those achieved by traditional free weights. In this method, chains are either added on a free-weight bar and combined with traditional plates or added to the bar as the entire load. Purpose. The aim of the current study was to compare the effectiveness of accommodation and constant resistance training methods during a four-week period on maximal strength and power in trained athletes. Methods. This study was comprised of 24 trained athletes, including 16 trained males [8 Wushu athletes (Kung-Fu and 8 wrestlers, age: 20.5 ± 2.00 yrs. old]. Participants were initially tested on weight, body circumference, fat percent, upper and lower body maximal strength, determined by the 1-repetition maximum (1RM test, which determines the greatest amount of weight a person can successfully lift, and upper and lower body power. Participants were equally randomized to either accommodation or constant resistance training groups. Both groups underwent resistance training for a four-week period that consisted of three sessions per week. Multivariate repeated-measures analyses of variance of the data were used to verify significant differences in strength and power between groups. The modified Bonferroni post hoc test was used to compare the obtained results in pre-, mid-, and post test. Results. In the accommodation resistance group, there was a significant difference in lower body maximal strength compared to the constant group (163.12 ± 18.82 kg in the accommodation group vs. 142.25 ± 20.04 kg in the constant group, P = 0.04. No significant differences were found in upper body power, lower body power, and upper body maximal strength between the two groups (P > 0.05. Conclusion. Although there was only a significant difference in lower body maximal strength between groups, accommodation resistance training may induce a physiological training response by improving

  3. The Auto control System Based on InTouch Configuration software for High-gravity Oil Railway Tank Feeding

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xu De-Kai

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper provides automatic design for high-gravity oil railway tank feeding system of some refinery uses distributive control system. The system adopts the automatic system of Modicon TSX Quantum or PLC as monitor and control level and uses a PC-based plat form as principal computer running on the Microsoft Windows2000. An automatic control system is developed in the environment of InTouch configuration software. This system implements automatic high-gravity oil tank feeding with pump controlling function. And it combines automatic oil feeding controlling, pump controlling and tank monitoring function to implement the automation of oil feeding with rations and automatic control.

  4. Effect of hydroxyapatite, octacalcium phosphate and calcium phosphate on the auto-flocculation of the microalgae in a high-rate algal pond.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baya, D T; Effebi, K R; Tangou, T T; Keffala, C; Vasel, J L

    2013-01-01

    Recovering microalgae is one of the main technological and economic concerns in a high-rate algal pond (HRAP) because of their small size and their low density. This paper emphasizes the characterization (identification and assessment of potential flocculation) of chemical compounds involved in microalgae auto-flocculation in a HRAP. First, thermodynamic simulations were performed, using two models (i.e. Visual Minteq and a simplified thermodynamic model) in order to determine the chemical compounds of interest. Experimental tests were then carried out with these compounds for assessing their flocculation ability. Both models revealed that precipitates of calcium phosphates and their substituted forms were the compounds involved in the auto-flocculation. Moreover, experimental tests showed that the stoichiometric neutralization of algal charges by calcium phosphates (i.e. hydroxyapatite (Ca5(PO4)3OH), octacalcium phosphate (Ca4H(PO4)3) and amorphous calcium phosphate (Ca3(PO4)2)), at a pH within the range 7-10 yields 70-82% recovered algal biomass. The optimum ratio required for algae auto-flocculation was 0.33 Ca5(PO4)3OH/g DM(algae) at pH 10, 0.11 Ca4H(PO4)3/g DM(algae) at pH 7 and 0.23 g Ca3(PO4)2/g DM(algae) at pH 9. Auto-flocculation appears as a simple, sustainable and promising method for efficient harvesting of microalgae in a HRAP.

  5. Air cushion furnace technology for heat treatment of high quality aluminum alloy auto body sheet

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Yong; Wang Zhaodong; Ma Mingtu; Wang Guodong; Fu Tianliang; Li Jiadong; Liang Xiong

    2014-01-01

    The process characteristics of heat treatment of aluminum alloy auto body sheet and the working prin-ciple of air cushion furnace were introduced. The process position and irreplaceable role of air cushion furnace in the aluminum alloy auto body sheet production was pointed out after the difficulty and key points in the whole production process of auto body sheet were studied. Then the development process of air cushion furnace line of aluminum alloy sheet was reviewed,summarized and divided to two stages. Based on the research of air cushion furnace,the key technology of it was analyzed,then the key points on process,equipment and control models of air cushion furnace for aluminum alloy auto body sheet in future were put forward. With the rapid de-velopment of automotive industry,there will be certainly a new upsurge of research and application of air cush-ion furnace for heat treatment of aluminum alloy auto body sheet.

  6. China-Auto Parts Dispute-China's First Legal Censure from the WTO

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Guo Liqin

    2008-01-01

    @@ WTO ruies against China in auto parts case On July 18, a panel from the World Trade rganization (WTO) concluded that China violated trade rules with its auto part import tariffs. The ruling marks China's first legal censure from the WTO since joining the global trade body in 2001. In April 2005, China issued rules to levy a 28% tariff on imported auto partsChina considers auto parts as a complete vehicle if they account for 60% or more of the value of a final vehicle, meaning that imports will be charged the same tariff as a complete vehicle, which is double the tariff ceiling for auto parts permitted under China's WTO commitment.

  7. Retrospect of China International Auto Exhibition Tours

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ "Fengfan Cup" the Frist China International Auto Exhibition Tour In 1995, the first session gathered 28 national motorcycles and autos from four big groups---China North Industries Group Corporation, China Aviation Industry Corporation, China Aerospace Science and Industry Cooperation and PLA General Logistics Department.

  8. Ensuring the Visibility and Traceability of Items through Logistics Chain of Automotive Industry Based on AutoEPCNet Using

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pavel Stasa

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Traceability in logistics is the capability of the participants to trace the products throughout the supply chain by means of either the product and/or container identifiers in a forward and/or backward direction. In today's competitive economic environment, traceability is a key concept related to all products and all types of supply chains. The goal of this paper is to describe development of application that enables to create and share information about the physical movement and status of products as they travel throughout the supply chain. The main purpose of this paper is to describe the development of RFID based track and trace system for ensuring the visibility and traceability of items in logistics chain especially in automotive industry. The proposed solution is based on EPCglobal Network Architecture.

  9. On your time: online training for the public health workforce.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kenefick, Hope Worden; Ravid, Sharon; MacVarish, Kathleen; Tsoi, Jennifer; Weill, Kenny; Faye, Elizabeth; Fidler, Anne

    2014-03-01

    The need for competency-based training for the public health workforce is well documented. However, human and financial resource limitations within public health agencies often make it difficult for public health practitioners to attend classroom-based training programs. The Internet is an increasingly popular way of extending training beyond the workforce. Although research describes attributes of effective online learning modules, much of the available training delivered via the Internet does not incorporate such attributes. The authors describe the On Your Time training series, an effective distance education program and training model for public health practitioners, which includes a standardized process for development, review, evaluation, and continuous quality improvement. On Your Time is a series of awareness-level (i.e., addressing what practitioners should know), competency-based training modules that address topics related to regulatory responsibilities of public health practitioners (e.g., assuring compliance with codes and regulations governing housing, retail food safety, private water supplies, hazardous and solid waste, on-site wastewater systems, etc.), public health surveillance, case investigation, disease prevention, health promotion, and emergency preparedness. The replicable model incorporates what is known about best practices for online training and maximizes available resources in the interests of sustainability.

  10. Report on Federal Individual Training Accounts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    President's Task Force on Federal Training Technology, Washington, DC.

    To explore options to establish Federal Individual Training Accounts (ITAs), a study reviewed Pennsylvania's Individual Learning Accounts, Cedar Company's Individual Learning Accounts, ITAs under the Workforce Investment Act, and the United Kingdom's Individual Learning Accounts. ITAs were defined as a base amount of resources--dollars or…

  11. Influence of Resistance Training Frequency on Muscular Adaptations in Well-Trained Men.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schoenfeld, Brad J; Ratamess, Nicholas A; Peterson, Mark D; Contreras, Bret; Tiryaki-Sonmez, Gul

    2015-07-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of training muscle groups 1 day per week using a split-body routine (SPLIT) vs. 3 days per week using a total-body routine (TOTAL) on muscular adaptations in well-trained men. Subjects were 20 male volunteers (height = 1.76 ± 0.05 m; body mass = 78.0 ± 10.7 kg; age = 23.5 ± 2.9 years) recruited from a university population. Participants were pair matched according to baseline strength and then randomly assigned to 1 of the 2 experimental groups: a SPLIT, where multiple exercises were performed for a specific muscle group in a session with 2-3 muscle groups trained per session (n = 10) or a TOTAL, where 1 exercise was performed per muscle group in a session with all muscle groups trained in each session (n = 10). Subjects were tested pre- and poststudy for 1 repetition maximum strength in the bench press and squat, and muscle thickness (MT) of forearm flexors, forearm extensors, and vastus lateralis. Results showed significantly greater increases in forearm flexor MT for TOTAL compared with SPLIT. No significant differences were noted in maximal strength measures. The findings suggest a potentially superior hypertrophic benefit to higher weekly resistance training frequencies.

  12. Efficacy of virtual reality-based balance training versus the Biodex balance system training on the body balance of adults

    OpenAIRE

    Ibrahim, Manal S.; Mattar, Ayman G.; Elhafez, Salam M.

    2016-01-01

    [Purpose] This study investigated efficacy of virtual reality (VR)-based balance training on enhancing balance and postural reactions of adults as a low-cost new modality compared to the established Biodex Balance System (BBS). [Subjects] Thirty normal adults of both genders were divided randomly into two equal-sized experimental groups of 15: BBS balance training and VR balance training. [Methods] The training programmes were conducted in 12 sessions, three 15-min sessions per week. The Nint...

  13. The effect of biofeedback training on patients with functional constipation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ding, Meihong; Lin, Zheng; Lin, Lin; Zhang, Hongjie; Wang, Meihfeng

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this prospective quasi-experimental study was to explore the influence of biofeedback training on patients with functional constipation (FC). Changes in clinical symptoms, psychological status, quality of life, and autonomic nervous function in 21 FC patients before and after biofeedback training were investigated. The psychological status and quality of life were evaluated with the Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS), Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS), and a Chinese version of the MOS 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey. Autonomic nervous function was assessed on the basis of heart rate variability recorded with a HANS-1000 autonomic nervous biofeedback apparatus. After a complete course of training (10 sessions), clinical symptoms were greatly improved (p biofeedback (p .05). We conclude that biofeedback training can improve clinical symptoms, psychological status, and quality of life in FC patients, but further research is needed to determine whether biofeedback training can improve the autonomic nervous function in FC patients.

  14. Ergonomic factors on task performance in laparoscopic surgery training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiao, D J; Jakimowicz, Jack J; Albayrak, A; Goossens, R H M

    2012-05-01

    This paper evaluates the effect of ergonomic factors on task performance and trainee posture during laparoscopic surgery training. Twenty subjects without laparoscopic experience were allotted into 2 groups. Group 1 was trained under the optimal ergonomic simulation setting according to current ergonomic guidelines (Condition A). Group 2 was trained under non-optimal ergonomic simulation setting that can often be observed during training in a skills lab (Condition B). Posture analysis showed that the subjects held a much more neutral posture under Condition A than under Condition B (poptimal ergonomic simulation setting leads to better task performance. In addition, no significant differences of task performance, for Groups 1 and 2 using the same test setting were found. However, better performance was observed for Group 1. It can be concluded that the optimal and non-optimal training setting have different learning effects on trainees' skill learning.

  15. The role of brand image congruity in Iranian consumers’ demand for auto parts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naser Azad

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available One of the primary issues in handling demands for auto parts in the world is to build a mutual trust between consumers and vendors. When people trust a brand, they purchase more easily and it is possible to develop market. In Iran, there is a growing interest in demand for auto parts and each year, tens of millions of auto parts are getting sold. This paper presents an empirical investigation to detect the effects of brand image on demand for auto parts. Using a sample of 202 randomly selected people who buy/sell auto parts in city of Tehran, Iran, the study determines three variables including brand strength, brand attributes and consumer trust through the implementation of structural equation modeling.

  16. Technical Training: Places available

    CERN Multimedia

    Monique Duval

    2005-01-01

    The number of places available may vary. Please check our Web site to find out the current availability. Places are available on the following courses: LabVIEW Migration 6 to 7: 14.6.2005 (1 day) IT3T/1 - Read your mail and more with Outlook 2003 : 14.6.2005 (IT Technical Training Tutorial, free of charge) IT3T/2 - Creating, managing and using distribution lists with Simba2 : 16.6.2005 (IT Technical Training Tutorial, free of charge) FrontPage 2003 - niveau 2 : 16 & 17.6.2005 (2 jours) size="2">(1journée) Hands-on Introduction to Python Programming: 28 - 30.6.2005 (3 days) Introduction to ANSYS: 21 - 24.6.2005 (4 days) IT3T/3 - Working remotely with Windows XP: 28.6.2005 (IT Technical Training Tutorial, free of charge) IT3T/4 - Editing Websites with Frontpage 2003: 30.6.2005 (IT Technical Training Tutorial, free of charge) LabVIEW base 1 : 4 - 6.7.2005 (3 jours) LabVIEW Basics 2: AutoCorrect, Find/Replace) : 4.7.2005 (afternoon) WORD 2003 (Shor...

  17. RANCANGAN SISTEM INFORMASI BENGKEL FAST AUTO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suparto Darudiato

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available A car workshop requires an integrated information system to support business processes. The purpose of this study is to analyze the system information on the Fast Auto Car Workshop in order to identify the problem and to propose a new system. In analyzing and designing new systems, object-oriented methodology is applied through the collection of data based on direct observation in the field. Analysis results were used on designing the proposed information system that capable to support the operational activities of the workshop. As the result it will be a good information system and can be fully achieved the effectiveness and efficiency in the operational activities, therefore the executive can have the information that needed to make up a right decision.

  18. The 4th China International (Syria) Auto Exhibiton Tour

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Jinliang; Bai Yifeng

    2006-01-01

    @@ On April 23, 2006,the Opening Cer emony of "Foton Cup" the Fourth China International (Syria) Auto Exhibition Tour (CIAET) was held in Damascus. Syrian Minister of Economy and Trade, Director of Syrian Chamber of Commerce, Iraqi Ambassador to Syria, Chinese Ambassador to Syria, Counsellor of the Economic and Commercial Counsellor's Office of the Embassy of P. R. China in Syria attended the ceremony.

  19. Auto-Tutorial Instruction in Entomology: Principles of Entomology (Orders).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minnick, D. R.; Steele, K. L.

    Auto-tutorial instruction was compared to traditional lecture instruction in a university entomology course. In seven consecutive terms, undergraduate students enrolled in an introductory entomology course were divided into two groups: Group I received only lecture instruction on insect orders, while Group II was dismissed for three consecutive…

  20. Controlled auto ignition of gasoline engines; Steuerung der ottomotorischen Selbstzuendung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sauer, Christina

    2011-07-01

    Controlled Auto Ignition allows for significant efficiency gains in combination with extremely low NO{sub x} emissions and particulate matters when compared to conventional spark ignited combustion concepts. The limiting factors for controlled auto ignition are the temperature at very low loads and the pressure gradient at higher loads. Based on experiments on a single cylinder engine with fully variable valve actuators and gasoline direct injection, the contribution under consideration reports on main parameters to control the controlled auto ignition. Detailed analyses demonstrate the impact of each parameter on self-ignition and combustion. Additionally, different methods to expand the operating range of controlled auto ignition are discussed with regard to the achievable efficiency and the required effort. One important result of this contribution is a feed-forward control which coordinates the main actuating parameters and ensures the desired combustion phasing even in dynamic mode. A regression model is developed which uses the input variables air/fuel ratio, start of injection, engine speed and fuel mass to predict the combustion phasing and the indicated mean effective pressure. Inverting this model leads to the final feed-forward control which allows to separate the effects of start of injection and exhaust valve closing. In that case exhaust valve closing controls the air/fuel ratio, while start of injection corrects the lasting deviation in combustion phasing. Using the actual air/fuel ratio as an additional input parameter ensures the required combustion phasing even in dynamic mode.

  1. A New Technique for CCD Camera Auto-Calibration

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiaodong Zhang; Changku Sun; Zhixiong Wang; Wei Wei

    2003-01-01

    A novel feature-round-based coplanar drone for the CCD camera auto-calibration is designed. Based on the ellipse similarity, an ellipse recognition algorithm is proposed. The experiment indicates the calibration error is less than 0.4 pixel.

  2. IUGS Commission on Geoscience Education, Training and Technology Transfer (COGE)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gary Lewis; Wesley Hill

    2006-01-01

    @@ Background and history on the Commission on Geoscience Education Our history In previous years, IUGS conducted a programme in the area of Geoscience Education and Training. The programme was organised under the status of a Working Group or a Commission.

  3. EFFECT OF TRAINING IN WRESTLING AND SAUNA ON TSH AND FT4 HORMONES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mergül

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to determine the effects of acute sauna and highly intense wrestling exercise on TSH (Thyroid Stimulating Hormone and FT4 (Free Thyroxin hormones. Fourteen healthy voluntary male wrestlers who had no hormonal disorder and were not using any drug participated in this study. Blood measurement was taken three times from wrestlers’ antecubital vein –10 ml at a time- when they rested before exercise, after wrestling exercise and after the sauna program which took place after a two-day rest. Hormone analyses were done via IMMULITE 2000 auto analyzer. For statistical analysis, in comparing groups, Friedman test was conducted while Wilcoxon test was administered in order to determine the differences between the groups. Within the group, significant increase was found in TSH (P=0.003 and FT4 (P=0.016 levels after the acute wrestling exercise. While it was observed that TSH levels have no important differences after sauna practice and FT4 levels have important increase (P=0.03. When TSH values were compared after the wrestling exercise and sauna, it was determined that the values of exercise group were significantly high (P=0.041 but FT4 values did not have a significant difference. Acute wrestling training applied to the wrestlers caused significant increase in TSH and FT4 values, however, sauna application just enhanced FT4 values significantly. Consequently; it can be deduced that in wrestling in which anaerobic energy metabolism is dominant, acute wrestling training is more effective in increasing TSH and FT4 values than sauna application.

  4. Performance Optimization and Auto-Tuning

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Howison, Mark

    2012-10-01

    In the broader computational research community, one subject of recent research is the problem of adapting algorithms to make effective use of multi- and many-core processors. Effective use of these architectures, which have complex memory hierarchies with many layers of cache, typically involves a careful examination of how an algorithm moves data through the memory hierarchy. Unfortunately, there is often a non-obvious relationship between algorithmic parameters like blocking strategies, and their impact on memory utilization, and, in turn, the relationship with runtime performance. Auto-tuning is an empirical method used to discover optimal values for tunable algorithmic parameters under such circumstances. The challenge is compounded by the fact that the settings that produce the best performance for a given problem and a given platform may not be the best for a different problem on the same platform, or the same problem on a different platform. The high performance visualization research community has begun to explore and adapt the principles of auto-tuning for the purpose of optimizing codes on modern multi- and many-core processors. This report focuses on how performance optimization studies reveal a dramatic variation in performance for two fundamental visualization algorithms: one based on a stencil operation having structured, uniform memory access, and the other is ray casting volume rendering, which uses unstructured memory access patterns. The two case studies highlighted in this report show the extra effort required to optimize such codes by adjusting the tunable algorithmic parameters can return substantial gains in performance. Additionally, these case studies also explore the potential impact of and the interaction between algorithmic optimizations and tunable algorithmic parameters, along with the potential performance gains resulting from leveraging architecture-specific features.

  5. Effects of Oral Health Training on Dental Plaque Index

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M amiri

    2016-02-01

    3- oral health training (control group . Two weeks and two months after the intervention, plaque index was measured. Positive and negative changes were recorded over time, and then, the study data were analyzed using Chi-square (bonferroni adjustment, McNemar, Kruskal-Wallis  and Paired t-Test. Results: The study results revealed no significant differences between the  halitosis group and the traditional group, though both had a significant difference with the control group. Positive changes in halitosis group especially within girls were held to be more durable compared to the other groups. Conclusion: Oral health training accompanging training of oral malodor, tooth decay and periodontal disease seems to be more effective on health promotion of senior high school students in Yazd. Furthermore, oral malodor training produces more durable effects. As a result, this training style is recommended in regard with eductional programs of schools.

  6. Geometric design of the best performing auto-rotating wing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Yucen; Vincent, Lionel; Kanso, Eva

    2016-11-01

    Many plants use gravity and aerodynamics to disperse their seeds away from the parent plant. Various seed designs result in different dispersal modes from gliding to auto-rotating. Here, we are interested in understanding the effect of geometric design of auto-rotating seedpods on their aerodynamic performance. As an experimentally tractable surrogate to real seedpods, we investigate auto-rotating paper wings of various shape designs. We compare these designs to a control case consisting of the canonical rectangular wing. Inspired by aerodynamics, we begin by considering the benefit of an elliptical planform, and test the effect of aspect ratio on flight range and descent angle. We find the elliptical planform improves the tumbling rate and the aspect ratio has a positive effect on the flight performance of the wings. We then test two families of more complex shapes: one of tapered planform and one of a planform with sharp tips. We look for an optimal flight performance while constraining either the mass or the maximum length and width of the wing. We find that wings with sharper tips and larger length have higher auto-rotation rates and improved performance. The results imply that both the planform and length of the wing contribute to the wing's flight performance.

  7. Effect of Tb{sup 3+} substitution on the structural and magnetic properties of M-type hexaferrites synthesized by sol-gel auto-combustion technique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ali, Ihsan, E-mail: muislampk@yahoo.com [Department of Physics, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan 60800 (Pakistan); Islam, M.U. [Department of Physics, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan 60800 (Pakistan); Awan, M.S. [Center for Micro and Nano Devices, Department of Physics, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Islamabad (Pakistan); Ahmad, Mukhtar [Department of Physics, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan 60800 (Pakistan); Ashiq, Muhammad Naeem [Institute of Chemical Sciences, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan 60800 (Pakistan); Naseem, Shahzad [Centre for Solid State Physics, University of the Punjab, Lahore 54560 (Pakistan)

    2013-02-15

    M-type hexaferrites with new substitution of rare-earth element Tb{sup 3+} having nominal composition Ba{sub 0.5}Sr{sub 0.5-x}Tb{sub x}AlFe{sub 11}O{sub 19} (x = 0.0, 0.05, 0.1, 0.15, 0.2, and 0.25) were synthesized by the sol-gel auto-combustion technique. The main aim of study is to investigate the effect of terbium (Tb{sup 3+}) ions substitution at Sr{sup 2+} site on the structural and magnetic properties. The materials were characterized by Differential Scanning Calorimetry, Thermogravimetry, Fourier Transform Infra-Red spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and vibrating sample magnetometery analyses. The XRD patterns confirm the formation of M-type hexaferrite phase. The crystallite size was found to be in the range of 17-45 nm which is good enough to obtain the suitable signal-to-noise ratio in the high density recording media. The magnetic properties such as saturation magnetization (M{sub s}), retentivity (M{sub r}), squareness ratio (M{sub r}/M{sub s}) and coercivity (H{sub c}) were calculated from the MH-loops. The saturation magnetization (M{sub s}) and retentivity (M{sub r}) decreased from 48.9-26.9 and 36.8-18.1 emu/g, respectively which may be due to spin canting and hence reduction in the super-exchange interactions. The enhancement of coercivity (H{sub c}) from 1825 to 4440 G may be due to higher magnetocrystalline anisotropy, which is due to the Fe{sup 2+} ions located on a 2a site. The magnetic properties such as retentivity (M{sub r}) and coercivity (H{sub c}) make the synthesized materials useful for high density recording media and permanent magnets.

  8. AutoPyFactory and the Cloud

    CERN Document Server

    Caballero, J; The ATLAS collaboration; Love, P

    2013-01-01

    AutoPyFactory (APF) is a next-generation pilot submission framework that has been used as part of the ATLAS workload management system (PANDA) for two years. APF is reliable, scalable, and offers easy and flexible configuration. Using a plugin-based architecture, APF polls for information from configured information and batch systems (including grid sites), decides how many additional pilot jobs are needed, and submits them. With the advent of cloud computing, providing resources goes beyond submitting pilots to grid sites. Now, the resources on which the pilot will run also need to be managed. Handling both pilot submission and controlling the virtual machine life cycle (creation, retirement, and termination) from the same framework allows robust and efficient management of the process. In this paper we describe the design and implementation of these virtual machine management capabilities of APF. Expanding on our plugin-based approach, we allow cascades of virtual resources associated with a job queue. A si...

  9. Training in Socio-Emotional Skills through On-Site Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Talavera, Elvira Repetto; Perez-Gonzalez, Juan Carlos

    2007-01-01

    Socio-emotional skills are highly prized on the labour market these days; many writers say that competencies of this type help to increase individuals' employability, but educational institutions consistently forget their responsibility for providing training in them. Most jobs call not only for knowledge and specific technical competencies, but…

  10. On-the-Job Training in Africa. Training Discussion Paper No. 27.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bas, Daniel

    Asking how to enrich on-the-job-training and, in particular, the traditional apprenticeship system in Africa without unduly burdening employers or smothering this system that is firmly rooted in African culture and is particularly well-suited to the conditions of African life, this document concludes that it is necessary to improve the skills of…

  11. Train repathing in emergencies based on fuzzy linear programming.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meng, Xuelei; Cui, Bingmou

    2014-01-01

    Train pathing is a typical problem which is to assign the train trips on the sets of rail segments, such as rail tracks and links. This paper focuses on the train pathing problem, determining the paths of the train trips in emergencies. We analyze the influencing factors of train pathing, such as transferring cost, running cost, and social adverse effect cost. With the overall consideration of the segment and station capability constraints, we build the fuzzy linear programming model to solve the train pathing problem. We design the fuzzy membership function to describe the fuzzy coefficients. Furthermore, the contraction-expansion factors are introduced to contract or expand the value ranges of the fuzzy coefficients, coping with the uncertainty of the value range of the fuzzy coefficients. We propose a method based on triangular fuzzy coefficient and transfer the train pathing (fuzzy linear programming model) to a determinate linear model to solve the fuzzy linear programming problem. An emergency is supposed based on the real data of the Beijing-Shanghai Railway. The model in this paper was solved and the computation results prove the availability of the model and efficiency of the algorithm.

  12. Technical Training: Places available

    CERN Multimedia

    Monique Duval

    2004-01-01

    If you wish to participate in one of the following courses, please discuss with your supervisor and apply electronically directly from the course description pages that can be found on the Web at: http://www.cern.ch/Training/ or fill in an 'application for training' form available from your Divisional Secretariat or from your DTO (Divisional Training Officer). Applications will be accepted in the order of their receipt. The number of places available may vary. Please check our Web site to find out the current availability. Places are available in the following courses: AutoCAD 2002 - niveau 1 : 13, 14, 23, 24.09.2004 (4 jours) Introduction to the CERN EDMS : 22.6.2004 (1 day) The CERN EDMS for local administrators : 23 & 24.6.2004 (2 days) MAGNE-04 : Magnétisme pour l'électrotechnique : 6 - 8.7.2004 (3 jours) Introduction au VHDL et utilisation du simulateur NCVHDL de CADENCE : 7 & 8.9.2004 (2 jours) ENSEIGNEMENT TECHNIQUE TECHNICAL TRAINING...

  13. 五孔探针校准与测量系统的研究*%Study on Auto-calibration and Measurement System of Five-hole Probe

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宫武旗; 张晓红; 刘丛丛

    2013-01-01

      The paper has introduced the new developed auto-calibration and measurement system of five-hole probe. It adopts high accuracy worm gear and stepper motor, and can get high measurement accuracy and efficiency. In software development of the system, many measurement details are considered to improve the usage and accuracy, such as probe alignment and so on. The system can be remote-operated, effectively help the experimenters prevent from noise nuisance in field. Through a real test, it was verified that the flow angle error in measurement is in the range of 0.5°, the total pressure error is in 2%, the static pressure error is in 0.08%, and the velocity error is in 1.6%. The developed system can be used to measure various flow fields in fan, turbo-compressor, turbines and pump.%  研制的五孔探针自动校准与测量系统,由于采用高精度的涡轮蜗杆机构,由精密的步进电机控制其运动,有利于高效的实现高精度的流场测量。系统软件研发中充分考虑了探针对中等问题,确保了测量精度。系统稳定性好,测试效率高。试验人员可以远程操作,摆脱了现场高噪声的恶劣环境困扰。系统气流角误差为±0.5°,总压误差为±2%,静压误差为±0.08%,速度误差为±1.6%,精度高,可以应用于各种风机、透平压缩机、涡轮机和泵等流体机械设备的气动试验研究。

  14. Part 2: effect of training surface on acute physiological responses after sport-specific training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Binnie, Martyn J; Dawson, Brian; Pinnington, Hugh; Landers, Grant; Peeling, Peter

    2013-04-01

    This study compared the effect of sand and grass training surfaces during a sport-specific conditioning session in well-trained team sport athletes (n = 10). The participants initially completed a preliminary testing session to gather baseline (BASE) performance data for vertical jump, repeated sprint ability, and 3-km running time trial. Three days subsequent to BASE, all the athletes completed the first sport-specific conditioning session, which was followed by a repeat of the BASE performance tests the following day (24 hours postexercise). Seven days later, the same training session was completed on the opposing surface and was again followed 24 hours later by the BASE performance tests. During each session, blood lactate, ratings of perceived exertion (RPE), and heart rate (HR) were recorded, with player movement patterns also monitored via global positioning system units. Additionally, venous blood was collected preexercise, postexercise, and 24 hours postexercise, and analyzed for serum concentrations of Myoglobin, Haptoglobin, and C-Reactive Protein. Results showed significantly higher HR and RPE responses on SAND (p > 0.05), despite significantly lower distance and velocity outputs for the training session (p > 0.05). There were no differences in 24 hours postexercise performance (p > 0.05), and blood markers of muscle damage, inflammation and hemolysis were also similar between the surfaces (p > 0.05). These results suggest that performing a sport-specific conditioning session on a sand (vs. grass) surface can result in a greater physiological response, without any additional decrement to next-day performance.

  15. Administration of the adrenaline auto-injector at the nursery/kindergarten/school in Western Japan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fujitaka, Michiko; Ogata, Mika; Zaitsu, Masafumi; Motomura, Chikako; Kuzume, Kazuyo; Toku, Yuchiro; Ikeda, Masanori; Odajima, Hiroshi

    2017-01-01

    Background In view of the increasing prevalence of food allergies, there has been an associated increase in frequency of situations requiring an emergency response for anaphylaxis at the home, childcare facilities and educational institutions. Objective To clarify the situation of adrenaline auto-injector administration in nursery/kindergarten/school, we carried out a questionnaire survey on pediatric physicians in Western Japan. Methods In 2015, self-reported questionnaires were mailed to 421 physicians who are members of the West Japan Research Society Pediatric Clinical Allergy and Shikoku Research Society Pediatric Clinical Allergy. Results The response rate was 44% (185 physicians) where 160 physicians had a prescription registration for the adrenaline auto-injector. In the past year, 1,330 patients were prescribed the adrenaline auto-injector where 83 patients (6% of the prescribed patients) actually administered the adrenaline auto-injector, of which 14 patients (17% of the administered patients) self-administered the adrenaline auto-injector. “Guardians” at the nursery/kindergarten and elementary school were found to have administered the adrenaline auto-injector the most. Among 117 adrenaline auto-injector prescription-registered physicians, 79% had experienced nonadministration of adrenaline auto-injector at nursery/kindergarten/school when anaphylaxis has occurred. The most frequent reason cited for not administering the adrenaline auto-injector was “hesitation about the timing of administration.” Conclusion If the adrenaline auto-injector was administered after the guardian arrived at the nursery/kindergarten/school, it may lead to delayed treatment of anaphylaxis in which symptoms develop in minutes. Education and cooperation among physicians and nursery/kindergarten/school staff will reduce the number of children suffering unfortunate outcomes due to anaphylaxis. PMID:28154804

  16. Effects of different strength training methods on postexercise energetic expenditure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Da Silva, Rodrigo Lavinas; Brentano, Michel Arias; Kruel, Luiz Fernando Martins

    2010-08-01

    Although many studies have demonstrated the efficacy of strength training in increasing energetic expenditure (EE) both during and after training sessions, there are no studies available that analyze the influence on EE of the order in which exercises are performed. Accordingly, the objective of this study was to verify whether the order in which exercises are performed, represented by 2 different methods of strength training (circuit [CT] and pre-exhaustion [PE]), influences the magnitude of the excess postexercise oxygen consumption (EPOC) as well as the EE. Eight nonstrength-trained women participated in the study. Two strength training sessions, with different orders of execution, were held with 7 exercises performed with loads of between 50% and 55% of 1 repetition maximum (1RM). The oxygen uptake was measured before the training sessions, and the difference between the values found was taken as the EPOC of each training session and used in later analysis. No significant differences were found in either the EPOC (CT: 7.19 L +/- 6.17 an. PE: 7.22 +/- 5.84 L) or the postexercise EE (CT: 34.67 +/- 29.76 Kcal, PE: 34.77 +/- 28.15 Kcal) of the 2 training methodologies. Our results indicate that, in strength training, the magnitude of the EPOC is not linked to the order in which the exercises are performed. However, the absence of recovery periods between the sets and the exercises promotes an increase in the magnitude of the EPOC to the levels found in training sessions with higher percentages of 1RM.

  17. Research on Aerodynamic Noise Reduction for High-Speed Trains

    OpenAIRE

    Yadong Zhang; Jiye Zhang; Tian Li; Liang Zhang; Weihua Zhang

    2016-01-01

    A broadband noise source model based on Lighthill’s acoustic theory was used to perform numerical simulations of the aerodynamic noise sources for a high-speed train. The near-field unsteady flow around a high-speed train was analysed based on a delayed detached-eddy simulation (DDES) using the finite volume method with high-order difference schemes. The far-field aerodynamic noise from a high-speed train was predicted using a computational fluid dynamics (CFD)/Ffowcs Williams-Hawkings (FW-H)...

  18. Effect of core training on inspiratory muscle strength in well-trained men

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MUSTAFA ÖZDAL

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to examine the effects of core strength training program (Ct on inspiratory muscle strength (IMs in well-trained men. twenty four well-trained male athletes participated in the present study as subject, and they divided randomly two groups as the experimental (Ex, and control (Con. ten-weeks Ct program was administered on the Ex. the subjects were recruited to perform 2 times maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP pre- (t1 and post- (t2 10-weeks program. significant increase was found in the MIP (10.92 cmH2O of the Ex group after 10-weeks Ct program (p 0.05. Percent change in the MIP of the Ex was by 6.13%, and in the MIP of the Con was by 1.38%. When compared percent change in the MIP of groups, the increment of the Ex was found significantly higher than the Con (p < 0.05. In summary, respiratory muscle strength significantly increased after 10-weeks Ct program. as a conclusion, it could be said that core strength training causes improvement of respiratory muscle strength.

  19. Effects of action video game training on visual working memory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blacker, Kara J; Curby, Kim M; Klobusicky, Elizabeth; Chein, Jason M

    2014-10-01

    The ability to hold visual information in mind over a brief delay is critical for acquiring information and navigating a complex visual world. Despite the ubiquitous nature of visual working memory (VWM) in our everyday lives, this system is fundamentally limited in capacity. Therefore, the potential to improve VWM through training is a growing area of research. An emerging body of literature suggests that extensive experience playing action video games yields a myriad of perceptual and attentional benefits. Several lines of converging work suggest that action video game play may influence VWM as well. The current study utilized a training paradigm to examine whether action video games cause improvements to the quantity and/or the quality of information stored in VWM. The results suggest that VWM capacity, as measured by a change detection task, is increased after action video game training, as compared with training on a control game, and that some improvement to VWM precision occurs with action game training as well. However, these findings do not appear to extend to a complex span measure of VWM, which is often thought to tap into higher-order executive skills. The VWM improvements seen in individuals trained on an action video game cannot be accounted for by differences in motivation or engagement, differential expectations, or baseline differences in demographics as compared with the control group used. In sum, action video game training represents a potentially unique and engaging platform by which this severely capacity-limited VWM system might be enhanced.

  20. Computer-assisted auto-frame navigation system for distal locking of tibial intramedullary nails: a preliminary report on clinical application

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Jun-qiang; GAO Yi-fei; WANG Tian-miao; ZHAO Chun-peng; WANG Man-yi; SU Yong-gong; HU Lei; SUN Lei; ZHANG Li-dan; LIU Wen-yong; ZHANG Hui

    2006-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the clinical feasibility and effect of the computer-assisted auto-frame navigation system for distal locking of tibial intrameduilary nails.Methods: The hardware components of the system included a PC computer with a monitor, auto mechanical stereotactical locating cubic frame, foot holder and localization operative apparatus. Special navigation software can be used for registration of X-ray fluoroscopic images and real-time controlling navigation of tools.Twenty-one cases of close tibial and fibular fractures were treated with closed intramedullary nailing, 6 of which involved in middle third, 12 in middle and lower third, 3 in lower third. C-arm alignment and registration time,fluoroscopic time and drilling time involved in the locking procedure were recorded. The size of unreamed or reamed tibial nails ranged from 8/300-11/330.Results: All distal holes except 1 were locked successfully. In 9 of 41 locked holes (21.95%), the drill bit touched the canal of locking hole without damage of the nail and clinical consequences. The fluoroscopy time per pair of screws was 2.23 s ± 0.31 s.Conclusions: The computer-assisted auto-frame navigation system for distal locking is well designed, easy to operate and do not need additional instruments during the procedure. The developed system enables the physician to precisely navigate surgical instruments throughout the anatomy using just a few computer-calibrated radiographic images. The total time of x-ray exposure per procedure can be significantly reduced.