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Sample records for auto on train

  1. The Role of Cultural Context in Continuing Vocational Training: A Study on Auto Repairmen in Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akbas, Oktay

    2011-01-01

    This study analysed how auto repairmen working in micro-enterprises undertake continuing vocational training in relation to cultural context. The study was conducted in Kirikkale, a city in central Anatolia in Turkey. To this end, the descriptive research technique of structured interview was used. Interviews with 33 auto repairmen were recorded…

  2. Study on the Auto-control Loop for Train Auto-loading System%火车自动装车系统自控回路探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王志芳; 谢文奋; 卢圣峰

    2012-01-01

    The present status, composition and functions of the auto-loading system for train trestle facility in oil refinery (old plant area) of Du Shan Zi Petrochemical Corporation are introduced, and the measurement accuracy of the loading system is calculated. Aiming at the current status that the whole auto processing of the field loading system has not been implemented, the positioning between crane tube and the tank as well as the lifting operation of crane tube have to be completed manually, the auto-positioning system of crane tube and auto-loading system are studied, and the feasible solution is proposed. In addition, the measures of rectifying and reforming the trip valve of materials pipeline in loading site are contributed. The practice verifies that the improved loading system trends to be more perfect.%在介绍独山子石化公司炼油厂老厂区火车栈桥装置的基础上,分析了自动装车系统的现状、组成及功能,并对装车系统的计量准确度进行了计算.针对现场自动装车系统需要人工到现场进行鹤管与罐车的定位以及鹤管升降操作的现状,对鹤管自动定位系统和自动装车系统进行了研究,提出了切实可行的解决方案以及具体的装车现场物料管线切断阀整改措施.实践证明,整改后的装车系统性能更趋于完善.

  3. CONGRATULATIONS ON AUTO CHINA 2006

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ In April, China Machinery Industry Federation and Media & Press Center of CCPIT have successfully organized the China Auto International(Syria)Exhibition Tour and promoted the "walk out" strategy of Chinese independent brands.

  4. CONGRATULATIONS ON AUTO CHINA 2006

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

      In April, China Machinery Industry Federation and Media & Press Center of CCPIT have successfully organized the China Auto International(Syria)Exhibition Tour and promoted the "walk out" strategy of Chinese independent brands.……

  5. Esma Auto ja Mazda on loodud kestma

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Ülevaade olulisematest sündmustest Esma Auto kümne tegevusaasta jooksul. Kommenteerivad Tarmo Järvoja, Mart Laar ja Enn Sau. Diagrammid ja skeemid: AS Esma Auto müügi statistika läbi aastate; AS Esma Auto kasum ja klientide arv aastate lõikes; Esma Auto esindused Eestis ja pakutavad teenused

  6. Taking Year-end Inventory on China's Auto Market

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ From November 10 to 11, the 6th Annual China Auto Industry Development Summit, and Analysis and Survey on the China Auto Industry and Auto Parts Market for 2008, was held at the Beijing Central Garden Hotel. The event was co-sponsored by the China Machinery Industry Federation and the Liaoning Provincial Economic and Reform Commission.

  7. A New Scoring Function for Molecular Docking Based on AutoDock and AutoDock Vina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanchuk, Vsevolod Yu; Tanin, Volodymyr O; Vovk, Andriy I; Poda, Gennady

    2015-01-01

    Molecular docking of small molecules in the protein binding sites is the most widely used computational technique in modern structure-based drug discovery. Although accurate prediction of binding modes of small molecules can be achieved in most cases, estimation of their binding affinities remains mediocre at best. As an attempt to improve the correlation between the inhibitory constants, pKi, and scoring, we created a new, hybrid scoring function. The new function is a linear combination of the terms of the scoring functions of AutoDock and AutoDock Vina. It was trained on 2,412 protein-ligand complexes from the PDBbind database (www.pdbbind.org.cn, version 2012) and validated on a set of 313 complexes released in the 2013 version as a test set. The new function was included in a modified version of AutoDock. The hybrid scoring function showed a statistically significant improvement in both training and test sets in terms of correlation with and root mean square and mean absolute errors in prediction of pKi values. It was also tested on the CSAR 2014 Benchmark Exercise dataset (team T) and produced reasonably good results.

  8. A Successful Seminar on China Auto industry and International Market

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    Since January 2004, the sales of autos are slowing down. it is mature for the fast developing Chinese auto industry to go out to the international market. Meanwhile, the "early harvest" scheme is implemented in China and ASEAN Free Trade Area and the exchange visits of high-ranking officials are more frequently. After the ASEAN Business Meeting held in Malaysia this April, China-ASEAN Summit on Investment and Trade is to be held in Laos in November.In order to promote Chinese autos to go out cooperating...

  9. AutoCAD教学方法研究%Research on Teaching Method of AutoCAD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈斌

    2013-01-01

    According to some problems in teaching AutoCAD, a teaching method which can arouse the enthusiasm of students is proposed. The students are encourageed to do some learnings in real-life applications in this paper. The proposed method is proved to bring about a striking effect on teaching.%  本文针对AutoCAD教学中存在的一些问题,提出了能够调动学生积极性的教学方法。鼓励学生在实际应用中学习。实践证明,新的教学方法能够提供教学效果。

  10. A New, Improved Hybrid Scoring Function for Molecular Docking and Scoring Based on AutoDock and AutoDock Vina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanchuk, Vsevolod Yu; Tanin, Volodymyr O; Vovk, Andriy I; Poda, Gennady

    2016-04-01

    Automated docking is one of the most important tools for structure-based drug design that allows prediction of ligand binding poses and also provides an estimate of how well small molecules fit in the binding site of a protein. A new scoring function based on AutoDock and AutoDock Vina has been introduced. The new hybrid scoring function is a linear combination of the two scoring function components derived from a multiple linear regression fitting procedure. The scoring function was built on a training set of 2412 protein-ligand complexes from pdbbind database (www.pdbbind.org.cn, version 2012). A test set of 313 complexes that appeared in the 2013 version was used for validation purposes. The new hybrid scoring function performed better than the original functions, both on training and test sets of protein-ligand complexes, as measured by the non-parametric Pearson correlation coefficient, R, mean absolute error (MAE), and root-mean-square error (RMSE) between the experimental binding affinities and the docking scores. The function also gave one of the best results among more than 20 scoring functions tested on the core set of the pdbbind database. The new AutoDock hybrid scoring function will be implemented in modified version of AutoDock.

  11. Research on the Teaching Method of AutoCAD%AutoCAD教学方法研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王梅

    2012-01-01

    培养学生熟练地使用AutoCAD软件是一项重要的教学内容.结合在AutoCAD课程的教学实践,运用多种教学手段,创设合适的教学环境,激发学生对AutoCAD图形设计的兴趣,多方面结合进行AutoCAD教学.

  12. Scoring and Classifying with Gated Auto-encoders

    OpenAIRE

    Im, Daniel Jiwoong; Taylor, Graham W.

    2014-01-01

    Auto-encoders are perhaps the best-known non-probabilistic methods for representation learning. They are conceptually simple and easy to train. Recent theoretical work has shed light on their ability to capture manifold structure, and drawn connections to density modelling. This has motivated researchers to seek ways of auto-encoder scoring, which has furthered their use in classification. Gated auto-encoders (GAEs) are an interesting and flexible extension of auto-encoders which can learn tr...

  13. 基于SaaS模式的Web AutoCAD系统实现%Implementation of web AutoCAD system based on SaaS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石震; 翁楚良; 李明禄

    2011-01-01

    针对AutoCAD的使用特点和编程接口,将软件即服务的模式应用于传统的AutoCAD软件,构建了基于Web服技术基础的Web AutoCAD系统,并阐述了系统的架构及具体实现技术.该系统将AutoCAD的功能和编程接口封装抽象为Web服务,使远程用户不需要在本地安装AutoCAD软件,通过浏览器就可以使用AutoCAD软件.原型系统测试结果表明,该系统具有较好的操作响应时间和执行效率.%The concept of "software as a service" is applied to traditional AutoCAD software to build a web AutoCAD system, which is based on the web service technology. The system structure and implementation technique is also discussed. This system combines and transfers AutoCAD' s function and application interface into a form of web service, so as to the remote users could utilize the function of AutoCAD software without a AutoCAD on their local computer but only relying on an internet browser. Experiments show that the system has a short latency and high efficiency.

  14. 医学院校AutoCAD课程教学中应用型人才的培养%TRAINING OF APPLICATIVE TALENTS IN TEACHING OF AUTOCAD CURRICULUM IN MEDICAL SCHOOLS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李方娟; 包君

    2013-01-01

    通过对医学院校AutoCAD课程教学现状分析,结合医学类院校的专业特点,从应用型人才培养方面对AutoCAD课程的教学内容设置、实验课程设计及考试方法等进行了改革和实践.%Through an analysis of current situation and specialty character on AutoCAD curriculum teaching at medical schools, the set up of teaching component of AutoCAD, the experiment course exercise, and examination methods were reformed and practiced in terms of training applicative talents.

  15. AutoCAD 2008 and AutoCAD LT 2008 Bible

    CERN Document Server

    Finkelstein, Ellen

    2011-01-01

    "Whether you're new to AutoCAD or a veteran, you will undoubtedly find this book to be an excellent resource."-- Abhi Singh, AutoCAD Product Manager, Autodesk, Inc.Here's the book that makes AutoCAD approachableEven the people at Autodesk look to Ellen Finkelstein for AutoCAD training, so who better to teach you about AutoCAD 2008? This comprehensive guide brings veterans up to speed on AutoCAD updates and takes novices from the basics to programming in AutoLISP(r) and VBA. Every feature is covered in a logical order, and with the Quick Start chapter, you'll be creating drawings on your very f

  16. Influence of the plasma environment on auto-ionization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belkhiri, Madeny; Fontes, Christopher J.

    2016-09-01

    In this work, we show the influence of the plasma environment on the auto-ionization rate using an ion-sphere model. We consider transitions from the He-like to the H-like ion stage of aluminum for illustrative purposes, but the approach is completely general and can be applied to arbitrary, highly charged ions. A detailed numerical investigation and comparison is made between two independent computational schemes, using the relativistic configuration-average, distorted-wave approach. We show that the decreasing behavior of the auto-ionization rates as a function of free-electron density is due to a change in the quantum interference between the bound and free electrons, and also provide a qualitative explanation of this trend.

  17. Rate-Distortion Auto-Encoders

    OpenAIRE

    Giraldo, Luis G. Sanchez; Principe, Jose C.

    2013-01-01

    A rekindled the interest in auto-encoder algorithms has been spurred by recent work on deep learning. Current efforts have been directed towards effective training of auto-encoder architectures with a large number of coding units. Here, we propose a learning algorithm for auto-encoders based on a rate-distortion objective that minimizes the mutual information between the inputs and the outputs of the auto-encoder subject to a fidelity constraint. The goal is to learn a representation that is ...

  18. Auto Alternatives

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    China counts on developing new-energy vehicles to maintain its auto-market leadership While it remains to be seen what kind of progress will be made following the UN Climate Conference in Cancun, Mexico,

  19. Rational Thoughts on the Development of Chinese Auto Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shao Qihui

    2004-01-01

    @@ In order to keep the steady, fast and sustainable development of auto industry, we should have an overall knowledge of the history and current situation of the world auto industry, and have a correct strategic planning and scientific measures towards the Chinese auto industry.

  20. 2007 IFCAID:Focus on China Autos

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang Wei

    2007-01-01

    @@ Environmental protection,energyefficiency and green manufacturing,those heated topics in automobile industry nowadays exactly coincide with the 2007 theme of the International Forum on Chinese Automotive Industry Development(IFCAID).

  1. Detecting the Auto-configuration Attacks on IPv4 and IPv6 Networks

    OpenAIRE

    Li, He

    2015-01-01

    Auto-configuration is a mechanism, which assigns IP address, default gateway address and DNS server address to a node for accessing to the network. On IPv4 network, auto-configuration is done by using DHCP protocol, but IPv6 network has two ways to assign auto-configuration information to a node, which are stateless address configuration by routers and stateful address configuration by DHCPv6 servers. On the auto-configuration phrase, some attackers may be able to inject a counterfeit informa...

  2. Regulations on the Management of Re- call of Defective Auto Products to be Implemented Next Year

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    On October 10, Regulations on the Manage- ment of Recall of Defective Auto Products was ap- proved to implement on January l, 2013 by No. 219 Executive Meeting of the State Council. The product quality supervision departments of the State Council are responsible for supervising and managing the recall of the national defective auto products.

  3. Image Auto-annotation using 'Easy' and 'More Challenging' Training Sets

    OpenAIRE

    Tang, Jiayu; Lewis, Paul H.

    2006-01-01

    The Corel Image set is widely used for image annotation performance evaluation although it has been claimed that the set is easy to annotate. The aim of this paper is to demonstrate some of the disadvantages of sets like the Corel set for effective auto-annotation evaluation. We first compare the performanace of several annoatation algorithms using the Corel set and find that simple near neighbour propagation techniques perform almost as well as the best of the more sophisticated algorithms. ...

  4. Auto-balancing transformer based on power electronics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Dan [Electric Power Security and High Efficiency Lab, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074 (China); Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States); Mao, Chengxiong; Lu, Jiming; He, Jinping; Liu, Haibo [Electric Power Security and High Efficiency Lab, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074 (China)

    2010-01-15

    An auto-balancing transformer based on power electronics is designed and proposed to prevent voltage or/and current unbalances arising on the primary side system from infecting the secondary side system, or in reverse. The multilevel converters and interleaving parallel connection technology are adopted in the transformer design to match the demand of power automatically balancing and high-voltage and high-power application. The operating principle is analyzed in detail and an effective control scheme is developed. To verify the new features of the proposed design, a detailed computer simulation model is established using Matlab Simulink and typical simulations are carried out. And the experimental verification is also presented. All show satisfactory results. (author)

  5. Training and administration of epinephrine auto-injectors for anaphylaxis treatment in US schools: results from the EpiPen4Schools® pilot survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hogue SL

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Susan L Hogue,1 Diana Goss,1 Kelly Hollis,1 Suyapa Silvia,2 Martha V White3 1Health Solutions, RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC, 2Education and Workforce Development, RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC, 3Institute for Asthma and Allergy, Wheaton, MD, USA Background: Anaphylaxis is a serious, potentially life-threatening condition. Adequate preparation for anaphylaxis management is imperative for school personnel. This descriptive pilot study assessed preparedness of US schools to manage anaphylactic reactions. Methods: An exploratory, cross-sectional, web-based, pilot survey assessed the occurrence and characteristics of anaphylactic events, as well as training provided to school personnel for the recognition and treatment of anaphylaxis. Eligible US schools were participants in the EpiPen4Schools® program during the 2013–2014 school year. EpiPen4Schools provides EpiPen® (epinephrine injection Auto-Injectors and training materials to qualifying US schools. Survey data were parsed by US Census Bureau region and state and were evaluated using descriptive statistics. Results: Schools from all 50 states and the District of Columbia participated in the survey (N=6,019. Among schools that provided information on anaphylactic events, 11% (607/5,683 reported the occurrence of one or more events, with significant variability in incidence across census regions and among states. A total of 5,613 schools provided information regarding which staff members were trained to recognize the signs and symptoms of anaphylaxis. Thirty-six percent of schools (2,022/5,613 indicated that only the school nurse and select staff were trained in anaphylaxis recognition. The proportion of schools in which most or all school staff received such training differed by region/state (range, 13%–100%. A total of 5,578 schools provided information on which staff were permitted to administer epinephrine. The majority of schools (54%; 3

  6. Auto Industry Faces Change

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    A number of indicators show that China's auto industry is facing a new round of large-scale restructuring. When the global auto industry was undergoing reorganization 10 years ago, China's auto industry was in its early stages, acting in a relatively closed market, and thus it missed out on that important event. However, the situation is different today. In the past decade, China's auto industry has grown at a rapid pace. While the world's major transnational companies are

  7. Update on CLiMRI activities and Auto 21

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jackman, J. [Natural Resources Canada, Ottawa, ON (Canada). CANMET Energy Technology Centre

    2001-07-01

    The Canadian Lightweight Materials Research Initiative (CLiMRI) program and the Auto21 Network of Centres of Excellence were created to improve energy efficiency in vehicles, reduce emissions and provide economic benefits to Canada from next generation vehicles and systems. The objective is to increase energy efficiency of vehicles using lightweight materials and efficient design components. Activities include improved engine performance of materials, improved manufacturing technologies, and improved components and vehicle systems. The program involves a comprehensive database on the mechanical properties of magnesium alloys AE42 and AM60B. Data on thermophysical properties is also available for die-cast process modeling. Potential applications of alumina-based sol-gel coatings for aluminium heat exchanger panels have been identified. The yield strength of magnesium extrusion alloys has been increased by more than 15 per cent through grain refinement techniques. The project is also designed to work on improving the corrosion performance of magnesium-based alloys, with particular focus through USAMP project for the development of a magnesium engine cradle. Test work has been carried out on two alloys and 10 coating have been chosen for trial. tabs., figs.

  8. Model Development of Ionic Nitriding Furnace Based on AutoLISP%基于AutoLISP的离子氮化炉炉体组件模块开发

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡珺; 王洪九; 王汉林

    2015-01-01

    Studies the parametric drawing development of ionic nitriding furnace body under AutoCAD environment. Presents developing and designing scheme of the furnace body module based on AutoLISP , and gives out relative program taking water inlet as concrete object. The method has reference value for CAD system of other mechanical products.%研究了AutoCAD环境下实现离子氮化炉炉体设计的参数化绘图开发。提供了基于AutoLISP技术进行炉体组件模块的开发设计方案,并以炉体下进水管座为具体对象给出相关程序。该方法对开发其他定型机械产品CAD系统具有借鉴价值。

  9. Auto-focus algorithm based on statistical blur estimation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kulkarni, Prajit

    2013-03-01

    Conventional auto-focus techniques in movable-lens camera systems use a measure of image sharpness to determine the lens position that brings the scene into focus. This paper presents a novel wavelet-domain approach to determine the position of best focus. In contrast to current techniques, the proposed algorithm estimates the level of blur in the captured image at each lens position. Image blur is quantified by fitting a Generalized Gaussian Density (GGD) curve to a high-pass version of the image using second-order statistics. The system then moves the lens to the position that yields the least measure of image blur. The algorithm overcomes shortcomings of sharpness-based approaches, namely, the application of large band-pass filters, sensitivity to image noise and need for calibration under different imaging conditions. Since noise has no effect on the proposed blur metric, the algorithm works with a short filter and is devoid of parameter tuning. Furthermore, the algorithm could be simplified to use a single high-pass filter to reduce complexity. These advantages, along with the optimization presented in the paper, make the proposed algorithm very attractive for hardware implementation on cell phones. Experiments prove that the algorithm performs well in the presence of noise as well as resolution and data scaling.

  10. Sepsis Patient Detection and Monitor Based on Auto-BN.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Yu; Sha, Lui; Rahmaniheris, Maryam; Wan, Binhua; Hosseini, Mohammad; Tan, Pengliu; Berlin, Richard B

    2016-04-01

    Sepsis is a life-threatening condition caused by an inappropriate immune response to infection, and is a leading cause of elderly death globally. Early recognition of patients and timely antibiotic therapy based on guidelines improve survival rate. Unfortunately, for those patients, it is often detected late because it is too expensive and impractical to perform frequent monitoring for all the elderly. In this paper, we present a risk driven sepsis screening and monitoring framework to shorten the time of onset detection without frequent monitoring of all the elderly. Within this framework, the sepsis ultimate risk of onset probability and mortality is calculated based on a novel temporal probabilistic model named Auto-BN, which consists of time dependent state, state dependent property, and state dependent inference structures. Then, different stages of a patient are encoded into different states, monitoring frequency is encoded into the state dependent property, and screening content is encoded into different state dependent inference structures. In this way, the screening and monitoring frequency and content can be automatically adjusted when encoding the sepsis ultimate risk into the guard of state transition. This allows for flexible manipulation of the tradeoff between screening accuracy and frequency. We evaluate its effectiveness through empirical study, and incorporate it into existing medical guidance system to improve medical healthcare. PMID:26940673

  11. Design of Automatic Programming System of Numerical Control Based on AutoCAD%基于AutoCAD数控自动编程系统的设计*

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高杰; 袁吉; 邵振威

    2013-01-01

    AutoCAD作为目前主流的绘图软件广泛应用于很多领域,其强大的功能为数控自动编程提供了基础。该系统的建立主要基于VBA与AutoCAD系统中ActiveX自动化对象模型两者之间的结合,从而对AutoCAD进行内部二次开发,即以ActiveX自动化对象模型为基础建立了前置处理模块;利用Access建立加工参数数据库系统和数据库检索系统,并建立了数控自动编程系统,使AutoCAD具备一定的CAM功能,达到改善现有数控车床自动编程环境的目的。%AutoCAD, as current mainstream graphics software, is widely used in many fields. Its powerful features provide basis for automatic programming of numerical control. The establishment of this system is mainly based on integration of be-tween ActiveX automation object model and VBA which belong to AutoCAD system. AutoCAD is made internal secondary development: establishing pre-processing module based on ActiveX automation object model; building processing parameter database systems and database retrieval system by using Access, and establishing NC automatic programming system, which make AutoCAD have some CAM functions and achieve objects of improving automatic programming environment of existing numerically controlled lathe.

  12. Auto MOC-A 2D neutron transport code for arbitrary geometry based on the method of characteristics and customization of AutoCAD

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A new 2D neutron transport code AutoMOC for arbitrary geometry has been developed. This code is based on the method of characteristics (MOCs) and the customization of AutoCAD. The MOC solves the neutron transport equation along characteristic lines. It is independent of the geometric shape of boundaries and regions. So theoretically, this method can be used to solve the neutron transport equation in highly complex geometries. However, it is important to describe the geometry and calculate intersection points of each characteristic line with every boundary and region in advance. In complex geometries, due to the complications of treating the arbitrary domain, the selection of geometric shapes and efficiency of ray tracing are generally limited. The geometry treatment through the customization of AutoCAD, a widely used computer-aided design software package, is given in this paper. Thanks to the powerful capability of AutoCAD, the description of arbitrary geometry becomes quite convenient. Moreover, with the language Visual Basic for Applications (VBAs), AutoCAD can be customized to carry out the ray tracing procedure with a high flexibility in geometry. The numerical results show that AutoMOC can solve 2D neutron transport problems in a complex geometry accurately and effectively

  13. 城轨交通运行图自动编制及优化系统的研究%Research on the train graph auto generating and optimizing system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高发琪; 陈永生

    2012-01-01

    地铁列车运行图是地铁运输中十分重要的组成部分,它是地铁行车组织的工作计划和工作基础。将列车运行图自动编制及优化系统分为数据库子系统和运行图调图予系统两部分,阐述了整个系统的框架结构及其优化算法,给出了开发结果。%Underground train graph is a very important part of underground transport. It is the plan and basis of underground transport organization. This system is divided into two parts including train graph calling subsystem and database subsystem. Initially described the framework structure of the entire system and the Optimization algorithm, and given the results of the development.

  14. Analysis on Features and Future of Chinese Auto Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Shijin

    2004-01-01

    @@ Since large-scale production, technology and advanced management help to reduce the cost, the reduction rate of the production cost is not totally equal to the reduction rate of profits,however it is certain that the average profits of the auto industry is in a decreasing tendency.

  15. Adaptive endpoint detection of seismic signal based on auto-correlated function

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    There are certain shortcomings for the endpoint detection by time-waveform envelope and/or by checking the travel table (both labelled as the artificial detection method). Based on the analysis of the auto-correlation function, the notion of the distance between auto-correlation functions was quoted, and the characterizations of the noise and the signal with noise were discussed by using the distance. Then, the method of auto-adaptable endpoint detection of seismic signal based on auto-correlated similarity was summed up. The steps of implementation and determining of the thresholds were presented in detail. The experimental results that were compared with the methods based on artificial detecting show that this method has higher sensitivity even in a low SNR circumstance

  16. Research on Training Mode of Auto After-sales Service Based on School-Enterprise Cooperation:Taking School-Enterprise Cooperation between Dongfeng Citroen and Shaanxi College of Communication Technology%基于校企合作的汽车售后服务培训模式研究——以我院与东风雪铁龙的校企合作为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄晓鹏; 蔺宏良

    2012-01-01

    介绍了中国汽车业近十年的发展概况,结合东风雪铁龙校企合作对中国汽车售后服务维修行业培训现状及解决方案进行探讨.%General situation of development of Chinese auto industry nearly 10 years is introduced, training status of China's auto after-sales service maintenance industry as well as solutions are discussed combined with the Dongfeng Citroen school-enterprise cooperation.

  17. Design and Application on Auto-vending Machine for Cupped Beverage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaowei Jiang

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to design an auto-vending machine for cupped beverage, specifically studying its shape design and color design. The article elaborates that the shape design of this auto-vending machine for cupped beverage should follow the art rule of variation and unity and meanwhile the whole shape still should be simple and direct; the color design of the auto-vending machine for cupped beverage not only should satisfy the request of man-machine coordination and environment and function, but also should value the choice of tone, match the new age request of appreciation beauty and notice novelty. And then the working principle and working process of the auto-vending machine for cupped beverage is introduced, based on which the conclusion has been reached.

  18. Auto Safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... 5 Things to Know About Zika & Pregnancy Auto Safety KidsHealth > For Parents > Auto Safety Print A A ... by teaching some basic rules. Importance of Child Safety Seats Using a child safety seat (car seat) ...

  19. Training and administration of epinephrine auto-injectors for anaphylaxis treatment in US schools: results from the EpiPen4Schools® pilot survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hogue, Susan L; Goss, Diana; Hollis, Kelly; Silvia, Suyapa; White, Martha V

    2016-01-01

    Background Anaphylaxis is a serious, potentially life-threatening condition. Adequate preparation for anaphylaxis management is imperative for school personnel. This descriptive pilot study assessed preparedness of US schools to manage anaphylactic reactions. Methods An exploratory, cross-sectional, web-based, pilot survey assessed the occurrence and characteristics of anaphylactic events, as well as training provided to school personnel for the recognition and treatment of anaphylaxis. Eligible US schools were participants in the EpiPen4Schools® program during the 2013–2014 school year. EpiPen4Schools provides EpiPen® (epinephrine injection) Auto-Injectors and training materials to qualifying US schools. Survey data were parsed by US Census Bureau region and state and were evaluated using descriptive statistics. Results Schools from all 50 states and the District of Columbia participated in the survey (N=6,019). Among schools that provided information on anaphylactic events, 11% (607/5,683) reported the occurrence of one or more events, with significant variability in incidence across census regions and among states. A total of 5,613 schools provided information regarding which staff members were trained to recognize the signs and symptoms of anaphylaxis. Thirty-six percent of schools (2,022/5,613) indicated that only the school nurse and select staff were trained in anaphylaxis recognition. The proportion of schools in which most or all school staff received such training differed by region/state (range, 13%–100%). A total of 5,578 schools provided information on which staff were permitted to administer epinephrine. The majority of schools (54%; 3,024/5,578) permitted only the school nurse and select staff to administer epinephrine, although percentages varied by region/state (range, 4%–100%). Conclusion Schools differed substantially in their preparedness to manage anaphylaxis, with significant disparities in staff training and permission to treat. Given

  20. Training and administration of epinephrine auto-injectors for anaphylaxis treatment in US schools: results from the EpiPen4Schools® pilot survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hogue, Susan L; Goss, Diana; Hollis, Kelly; Silvia, Suyapa; White, Martha V

    2016-01-01

    Background Anaphylaxis is a serious, potentially life-threatening condition. Adequate preparation for anaphylaxis management is imperative for school personnel. This descriptive pilot study assessed preparedness of US schools to manage anaphylactic reactions. Methods An exploratory, cross-sectional, web-based, pilot survey assessed the occurrence and characteristics of anaphylactic events, as well as training provided to school personnel for the recognition and treatment of anaphylaxis. Eligible US schools were participants in the EpiPen4Schools® program during the 2013–2014 school year. EpiPen4Schools provides EpiPen® (epinephrine injection) Auto-Injectors and training materials to qualifying US schools. Survey data were parsed by US Census Bureau region and state and were evaluated using descriptive statistics. Results Schools from all 50 states and the District of Columbia participated in the survey (N=6,019). Among schools that provided information on anaphylactic events, 11% (607/5,683) reported the occurrence of one or more events, with significant variability in incidence across census regions and among states. A total of 5,613 schools provided information regarding which staff members were trained to recognize the signs and symptoms of anaphylaxis. Thirty-six percent of schools (2,022/5,613) indicated that only the school nurse and select staff were trained in anaphylaxis recognition. The proportion of schools in which most or all school staff received such training differed by region/state (range, 13%–100%). A total of 5,578 schools provided information on which staff were permitted to administer epinephrine. The majority of schools (54%; 3,024/5,578) permitted only the school nurse and select staff to administer epinephrine, although percentages varied by region/state (range, 4%–100%). Conclusion Schools differed substantially in their preparedness to manage anaphylaxis, with significant disparities in staff training and permission to treat. Given

  1. Study on the control course of ANFIS based aircraft auto-landing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    The control model in the course of an aircraft auto-landing is first proposed. Then, the common basic hypotheses in the design of a fuzzy logic controller are described. The fuzzy inference system of an aircraft auto-landing fuzzy controller in the course of automatic control on landing is investigated. The auto-landing model for controlling, membership functions of state variables, inference rules in the system, algorithms for fuzzy inference and defuzzification, etc, are analyzed and devised in detail with the emphasis on optimal analysis and design of Takagi-Sugeno ALFC based on adaptive neural fuzzy inference systems. Finally, the simulation for verification and analysis of the designed schemes is made by utilizing Simulink and fuzzy logic toolbox with MATLAB. The simulated results show that the ANFIS based T-S type ALFC scheme has excellent behavior in performance.

  2. THE EFFECTS OF TRAFFIC NOISE POLLUTION ON AUTO-DRIVER’S HEALTH IN SELECTED AUTO-ROUTES: THE CASE OF KOLKATA MUNICIPAL CORPORATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anwesha Chakraborty,

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The growing menace of noise pollution is one of the crucial environmental issues in modern era across the world. This is a silent killer of the physical as well as psychological health of human being. The existing findings in Indian context show that Kolkata is amongst the polluted city primarily because of high population base and growing surface transportation system. In the light of this, the present study addresses the main source of noise pollution viz. traffic noise pollution and its likely impact upon the occupationally exposed public auto drivers who spends more than eight hours on few selected busy traffic sites of the city. The study uses the primary data for the period 2011 to 2013 which includes busiest road intersection as well as auto depots from different parts of the city. The finding reveals that the year 2013 is the noisiest year and this also reported the highest numbers of auditory disorders on auto-drivers heath. Apart from this, during this year highest numbers of irritation and low tolerance level cases have also been registered on auto-drivers heath. Amongst all the survey sites, Ultadanga site from northern parts, Howrah Bridge Approach site from Central parts and Behala 14 no. bus stand site from southern parts have been considered as highest noisy sites in the city where highest numbers of health disordered have also been registered throughout the entire study period.

  3. AutoCAD / AutoCAD LT 2014 fundamentals metric

    CERN Document Server

    ASCENT center for technical knowledge

    2014-01-01

    The objective of AutoCAD/AutoCAD LT 2014 Fundamentals is to enable students to create a basic 2D drawing in the AutoCAD software. Even at this fundamental level, the AutoCAD software is one of the most sophisticated computer applications that you are likely to encounter. Therefore learning to use it can be challenging. To make the process easier and provide flexibility for instructors and students, the training guide is divided into two parts that can be taken independently.

  4. Realization of method of characteristics based on customization of AutoCAD

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The method of characteristics (MOC) solves the neutron transport equation along each characteristics line. Theoretically, it is independent of the geometry shape of boundary and region. However, the geometry should be described, and ray tracing should be carried out firstly. In most of the existing MOC codes, the geometry description and ray tracing still have more or less limitation. To wipe off these geometry limitations for using MOC in more complex fuel assembly calculation, a new MOC code AutoMOC based on the customization of AutoCAD was developed. The numerical results show that AutoMOC not only has high flexibility in geometry but also gives accurate solutions in comparison with state-of-the-art methodologies. (authors)

  5. A voxel visualization and analysis system based on AutoCAD

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marschallinger, Robert

    1996-05-01

    A collection of AutoLISP programs is presented which enable the visualization and analysis of voxel models by AutoCAD rel. 12/rel. 13. The programs serve as an interactive, graphical front end for manipulating the results of three-dimensional modeling software producing block estimation data. ASCII data files describing geometry and attributes per estimation block are imported and stored as a voxel array. Each voxel may contain multiple attributes, therefore different parameters may be incorporated in one voxel array. Voxel classification is implemented on a layer basis providing flexible treatment of voxel classes such as recoloring, peeling, or volumetry. A versatile clipping tool enables slicing voxel arrays according to combinations of three perpendicular clipping planes. The programs feature an up-to-date, graphical user interface for user-friendly operation by non AutoCAD specialists.

  6. Engineering Dimensioning Based on AutoCAD Block Operation%基于AutoCAD块操作的工程标注

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王春升

    2001-01-01

    AutoCAD系统绘制机械零件图时,可以利用AutoCAD的块操作创建表面粗糙度调用图块。%The block operation of AutoCAD can be used in creating surfaceroughness calling segment when AutoCAD is applied in designing mechanica l part-diagram.

  7. Flow Forecasting in Drainage Systems with Extrapolated Radar Rainfall Data and Auto Calibration on Flow Observations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thorndahl, Søren Liedtke; Grum, M.; Rasmussen, Michael R.;

    2011-01-01

    in a small urban catchment has been developed. The forecast is based on application of radar rainfall data, which by a correlation based technique, is extrapolated with a lead time up to two hours. The runoff forecast in the drainage system is based on a fully distributed MOUSE model which is auto...

  8. Technology obtainment and adopting results, an empirical study based on China’s auto industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>The article focuses on a development history of China’s auto industry over the past 30 years in learning from the foreign companies and obtaining their technologies, and the relationship between the obtaining methods and the results. Riding on the

  9. Discussion on the application of AutoCAD in irrigation project drawing%浅谈AutoCAD在水利工程制图中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    葛玉芹; 方诗圣

    2008-01-01

    结合AutoCAD技术的广泛应用,总结了AutoCAD在水利工程制图中的应用,包括巧借Excel在AutoCAD中绘曲线、用AutoCAD制作表格、Wrod文档中插入AutoCAD图形等,重点介绍了AutoCAD中修剪、延伸及镜像命令的巧用,同时对BAK及PURGE的应用也进行了说明,以推广AutoCAD软件的应用.

  10. Implementation of Automation of Topology Surface Creation based on AutoCAD and its Application Example%基于AutoCAD拓扑构面自动化的实现与应用实例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡玉臣; 刘达; 王文明; 齐中华

    2011-01-01

    This paper implemented the topology surface creation based on AutoCAD through programming, and changed the traditional edit pattern of normal surface feature in AutoCAD, which greatly improved the data production efficiency and data quality related to topology.%通过编程实现AutoCAD下拓扑构面,改变基于AutoCAD的常规面状要素数据的编辑模式,可以有效地提高与拓扑关系有关的测绘数据生产效率和数据质量.

  11. Auto e hetero-avaliação no diagnóstico de necessidades de treinamento Self and hetero assessment in training needs diagnostic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mônica Lemes Magalhães

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo teve como objetivos: desenvolver uma metodologia de avaliação de necessidades de treinamento que incluísse atitudes; estudar a relação entre auto e hetero-avaliação, buscando avaliar conhecimentos, habilidades e atitudes; e avaliar a relação entre a auto-avaliação e algumas variáveis preditoras (tempo de trabalho na organização e na função, emprego anterior, gênero, estado civil, escolaridade e idade. Foram desenvolvidos questionários, de acordo com o método de análise de papel ocupacional. Esses questionários foram aplicados em 898 bancários e seus supervisores imediatos. Os resultados sugeriram que a metodologia parece ser adequada para analisar necessidades de treinamento. Mostraram também que existe relação significativa entre auto e hetero-avaliação de necessidades de treinamento, embora supervisores tendam a apontar maiores necessidades de treinamento, em seus subordinados, do que as auto-avaliações destes mesmos.The objectives of the present study were: to develop a training needs assessment methodology that included attitudes; to study the relationship between self and hetero assessment, by assessing knowledge, skills and attitudes; and to evaluate the relationship between self-assessment and some predicting variables (work experience at the organizational and occupational levels, prior job experience, gender, marital status, schooling and age. Questionnaires were developed, following the method of occupational role analysis. These questionnaires were applied in 898 bank employees and their immediate supervisors. Results have suggested that the methodology seems to be appropriate for analyzing training needs. They have also shown that there is a significant relationship between self and hetero assessments of training needs. However, supervisors tend to point higher training needs, in their subordinates, than the self-assessments made by the latter.

  12. Desarrollo y empleo de juegos educativos on-line destinados al auto-entrenamiento y auto-evaluación

    OpenAIRE

    Espinilla, M.; Palomares, I.; L. Martínez; Pagola, M.; Bustince Sola, Humberto Nicanor

    2010-01-01

    La implantación del EEES, está originando cambios en el modelo docente, cada vez más orientado al trabajo autónomo del alumno. Los contenidos electrónicos que apoyan el proceso de aprendizaje también deben, por tanto, orientarse a facilitar el aprendizaje autónomo, como por ejemplo los procesos de autoevaluación y auto-entrenamiento por parte del estudiante. Por ello, parece adecuado desarrollar contenidos electrónicos que motiven y a la vez entretengan de forma ame...

  13. AutoCAD 2014 and AutoCAD LT 2014

    CERN Document Server

    Gladfelter, Donnie

    2013-01-01

    A step-by-step tutorial introduction to AutoCAD As the only book to teach AutoCAD using a continuous tutorial which allows you to follow along sequentially or jump in at any exercise by downloading the drawing files, this Autodesk Official Press book is ideal for the AutoCAD novice. Industry expert and AutoCAD guru Donnie Gladfelter walks you through the powerful features of AutoCAD, provides you with a solid foundation of the basics, and shares the latest industry standards and techniques. The hands-on tutorial project inspired by real-world workflows that runs throughout the book

  14. Analysis of Construction Drawing Based on AutoCAD%基于AutoCAD的建筑制图应用分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    游普元

    2011-01-01

    随着科技的飞速发展,AutoCAD的建筑制图在建筑领域得到了广泛的应用,并且受到了更多的关注.文章从建筑制图中AutoCAD的教学应用;AutoCAD的初始设置应用与AutoCAD制图设置应用以及AutoCAD在建筑制图中的技巧应用方面对AutoCAD的建筑制图应用进行了分析.

  15. AutoCAD workbook

    CERN Document Server

    Metherell, Phil

    1989-01-01

    AutoCAD Workbook helps new users learn the basics of AutoCad, providing guidance on most of the commonly used functions in which the program operates.This book discusses loading AutoCad and starting a drawing; drawing and erasing lines, circles, and arcs; and setting up the drawing environment. The topics on drawing and editing polylines; entering text and text styles; and layers, linetype, and color are also considered. This publication likewise covers creating and using blocks, hatching and extracting information, dimensioning drawings, 3D visualization, and plotting a drawing. Other

  16. Up and running with AutoCAD 2014 2D and 3D drawing and modeling

    CERN Document Server

    Gindis, Elliot

    2013-01-01

    Get ""Up and Running"" with AutoCAD using Gindis's combination of step-by-step instruction, examples, and insightful explanations. The emphasis from the beginning is on core concepts and practical application of AutoCAD in architecture, engineering and design. Equally useful in instructor-led classroom training, self-study, or as a professional reference, the book is written with the user in mind by a long-time AutoCAD professional and instructor based on what works in the industry and the classroom. Strips away complexities, both real and perceived, and reduces AutoCAD t

  17. Up and Running with AutoCAD 2012 2D version

    CERN Document Server

    Gindis, Elliot

    2011-01-01

    Get "Up and Running" with AutoCAD using Gindis' combination of step-by-step instruction, examples, and insightful explanations. The emphasis from the beginning is on core concepts and practical application of AutoCAD in architecture, engineering and design. Equally useful in instructor-led classroom training or self-study, the book is written with the student in mind by a long-time AutoCAD user and instructor based on what works in the industry and the classroomStrips away complexities and reduces AutoCAD to easy-to-understand basic conceptsExplains "why" something is done, not just "how": the

  18. AutoCAD 2014 review for certification official certification preparation

    CERN Document Server

    ASCENT center for technical knowledge

    2014-01-01

    The AutoCAD® 2014 Review for Certification book is intended for users of AutoCAD® preparing to complete the AutoCAD 2014 Certified Professional exam. This book contains a collection of relevant instructional topics, practice exercises, and review questions from the Autodesk Official Training Guides (AOTG) from ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge pertaining specifically to the Certified Professional exam topics and objectives. This book is intended for experienced users of AutoCAD in preparation for certification. New users of AutoCAD should refer to the AOTG training guides from ASCENT, such as AutoCAD/AutoCAD LT 2014 Fundamentals, for more comprehensive instruction.

  19. Crashworthiness simulation and improvement design of auto-body based on finite element mehtod

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓云; 金先龙; 丌文果; 孙奕; 周长英; 王仕达

    2004-01-01

    One developing commercial vehicle was simulated on crashworthiness using the nonlinear finite element method. The deformation of the auto-body, the movement of the steering wheel and the dynamic responses of the occupant at the initial velocity of 50 km/h were studied. The results show that the design of the vehicle could be improved on structure and material. The frontal longitudinal beam, the main energy-absorbing part of the auto-body, was optimized on structure. The data of the simulation predict that the hinge of the engine hood would fracture during the crash. The failure of the engine hood hinge would be a danger to both the driver and passengers. Then the problem was solved by changing the engine hood and hinge on structure and material. Simulation results also show that applying new material and new manufacture techniques could improve the crashworthiness of the vehicle greatly. These improvement methods are valuable to the virtual design of vehicles.

  20. Auto-encoders: reconstruction versus compression

    OpenAIRE

    Ollivier, Yann

    2014-01-01

    We discuss the similarities and differences between training an auto-encoder to minimize the reconstruction error, and training the same auto-encoder to compress the data via a generative model. Minimizing a codelength for the data using an auto-encoder is equivalent to minimizing the reconstruction error plus some correcting terms which have an interpretation as either a denoising or contractive property of the decoding function. These terms are related but not identical to those used in den...

  1. [XPS characterization of auto-reconditioning layer on worn metal surfaces].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, He; Zhang, Zheng-ye; Li, Sheng-hua; Jin, Yuan-sheng

    2005-06-01

    An auto-reconditioner package for in situ reconditioning of worn surfaces of machinery parts under normal running was applied to diesel engines of DF locomotives. A reconditioning layer was generated on the cylinder bore after running a mileage of 300,000 km, and no wear was measured for the piston rings and cylinder bores. Evaluations with SEM, nanohardness tester and XPS indicated that the protective layer assumed a thickness of 8-10 microm, a nano-hardness twice as high as that of the cast iron substrate, and a main elemental composition of Fe, O and C corresponding to the existence of Fe3O4 and Fe3C. A possible formation mechanism of the protective layer was suggested based on the mechanochemical activation of metal surfaces and the catalytic activation of the auto-reconditioner molecules.

  2. Design and Research on Auto-vending Machine for Cupped Beverage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaowei Jiang

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research is to design an auto-vending machine for cupped beverage, specifically researching its working principle, the design of beverage powder transporting mechanism, paper cups detaching mechanism and paper cups slide mechanism. The article elaborates that the design of beverage powder transporting mechanism is mainly the selection of electromagnet and the determination of electromagnet stroke, requiring that the electromagnet stroke and the maximum weight that the electromagnet could bear should have rationality, to ensure its safe operation; the design of paper cups detaching mechanism mainly includes selecting electric motor and V belt; the design of paper cups slide mechanism includes the design of slide structure and the force analysis when the paper cup slides on the slide. And then the working principle and working process of the auto-vending machine for cupped beverage is introduced, based on which the conclusion has been reached.

  3. The influence of platinum washing-out time on its recovery from used auto catalytic converters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Fornalczyk

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The used catalytic converters contain small amounts of precious metals. Recovery of these metals is essential for environmental and economic reasons. This work presents a method of Platinum Group Metals (PGM recovery from auto catalytic converters in which they are washed out by a liquid metal. The magneto-hydro-dynamic pump was used to force circulation of liquid metal under the influence of electromagnetic fields The influence of process time on platinum recovery was also carried out.

  4. Shared Representation of SAR Target and Shadow Based on Multilayer Auto-encoder

    OpenAIRE

    Sun Zhi-jun; Xue Lei; Xu Yang-ming; Sun Zhi-yong

    2013-01-01

    Automatic Target Recognition (ATR) of Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) image is investigated. A SAR feature extraction algorithm based on multilayer auto-encoder is proposed. The method makes use of a probabilistic neural network, Restricted Boltzmann Machine (RBM) modeling probability distribution of environment. Through the formation of more expressive multilayer neural network, the deep learning model learns shared representation of the target and its shadow outline reflecting the target sha...

  5. Theoretical Study on Auto-Oscillating Combustion in Self-propagating High Temperature Synthesis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Jin-yong; FU Zheng-yi; WANG Wei-min; ZHANG Qing-jie

    2003-01-01

    Oscillating combustion is one of classic phenomenon in SHS. But the cause of its formation in a set of complex processes is unclear yet. With a two-step chemical reaction assumption and effects of other thermal dynamic factors, an auto- oscillating combustion hes been gained in a solid SHS process on the macro- humogenous and micro- heterogonous model. Numerical solution shows that the change of chemical reaction is the main cause of the oscillating combustion.

  6. State of the art on hydrogen passive auto-catalytic recombiner (european union Parsoar project)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arnould, F.; Bachellerie, E. [Technicatome, 13 - Aix en Provence (France); Auglaire, M. [Tractebel Energy Engineering, Brussels (Belgium); Boeck, B. de [Association Vincotte Nuclear, Brussels (Belgium); Braillard, O. [CEA Cadarache, 13 - Saint Paul lez Durance (France); Eckardt, B. [Siemens AG, Offenbach am Main (Germany); Ferroni, F. [Electrowatt Engineering Limited, Zurich (Switzerland); Moffett, R. [Atomic Energy Canada Limited, Pinawa (Canada); Van Goethem, G. [European Commission, Brussels (Belgium)

    2001-07-01

    This paper presents an overview of the European Union PARSOAR project, which consists in carrying out a state of the art on hydrogen passive auto-catalytic recombiner (PAR) and a handbook guide for implementing these devices in nuclear power plants. This work is performed in the area ''Operational Safety of Existing Installations'' of the key action ''Nuclear Fission'' of the fifth Euratom Framework Programme (1998-2002). (author)

  7. State of the art on hydrogen passive auto-catalytic recombiner (european union Parsoar project)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents an overview of the European Union PARSOAR project, which consists in carrying out a state of the art on hydrogen passive auto-catalytic recombiner (PAR) and a handbook guide for implementing these devices in nuclear power plants. This work is performed in the area ''Operational Safety of Existing Installations'' of the key action ''Nuclear Fission'' of the fifth Euratom Framework Programme (1998-2002). (author)

  8. Slow motion replay detection of tennis video based on color auto-correlogram

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Xiaoli; Zhi, Min

    2012-04-01

    In this paper, an effective slow motion replay detection method for tennis videos which contains logo transition is proposed. This method is based on the theory of color auto-correlogram and achieved by fowllowing steps: First,detect the candidate logo transition areas from the video frame sequence. Second, generate logo template. Then use color auto-correlogram for similarity matching between video frames and logo template in the candidate logo transition areas. Finally, select logo frames according to the matching results and locate the borders of slow motion accurately by using the brightness change during logo transition process. Experiment shows that, unlike previous approaches, this method has a great improvement in border locating accuracy rate, and can be used for other sports videos which have logo transition, too. In addition, as the algorithm only calculate the contents in the central area of the video frames, speed of the algorithm has been improved greatly.

  9. Stencil Computation Optimization and Auto-tuning on State-of-the-Art Multicore Architectures

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Datta, Kaushik; Murphy, Mark; Volkov, Vasily; Williams, Samuel; Carter, Jonathan; Oliker, Leonid; Patterson, David; Shalf, John; Yelick, Katherine

    2008-08-22

    Understanding the most efficient design and utilization of emerging multicore systems is one of the most challenging questions faced by the mainstream and scientific computing industries in several decades. Our work explores multicore stencil (nearest-neighbor) computations -- a class of algorithms at the heart of many structured grid codes, including PDE solvers. We develop a number of effective optimization strategies, and build an auto-tuning environment that searches over our optimizations and their parameters to minimize runtime, while maximizing performance portability. To evaluate the effectiveness of these strategies we explore the broadest set of multicore architectures in the current HPC literature, including the Intel Clovertown, AMD Barcelona, Sun Victoria Falls, IBM QS22 PowerXCell 8i, and NVIDIA GTX280. Overall, our auto-tuning optimization methodology results in the fastest multicore stencil performance to date. Finally, we present several key insights into the architectural trade-offs of emerging multicore designs and their implications on scientific algorithm development.

  10. Settlement Prediction for Buildings Surrounding Foundation Pits Based on a Stationary Auto-regression Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TIAN Lin-ya; HUA Xi-sheng

    2007-01-01

    To ensure the safety of buildings surrounding foundation pits, a study was made on a settlement monitoring and trend prediction method. A statistical testing method for analyzing the stability of a settlement monitoring datum has been discussed. According to a comprehensive survey, data of 16 stages at operating control point, were verified by a standard t test to determine the stability of the operating control point. A stationary auto-regression model, AR(p), used for the observation point settlement prediction has been investigated. Given the 16 stages of the settlement data at an observation point, the applicability of this model was analyzed. Settlement of last four stages was predicted using the stationary auto-regression model AR (1); the maximum difference between predicted and measured values was 0.6 mm,indicating good prediction results of the model. Hence, this model can be applied to settlement predictions for buildings surrounding foundation pits.

  11. Perceptions and attitudes of car owners on innovative automobiles; Percepties en attitudes van autobezitters over innovatieve auto's

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pol, M.; Brunsting, S. [ECN Beleidsstudies, Amsterdam (Netherlands)

    2012-01-15

    To abate the detrimental effects of transport a transition is foreseen from the conventional fossil cars to energy-sustainable cars. A successful transition requires a major behavioral change of car consumers who need to make choices about new options for transport with uncertain costs and benefits compared to their current car. This paper examines consumers' perceptions about innovative cars and considerations for buying or not buying innovative cars (hybrid, electric, plug-in electric, hydrogen, flexifuel). In this study an on-line questionnaire on attitudes, interests and social norms regarding innovative cars was conducted among 339 Dutch respondents who recently bought a new car. To obtain in-depth understanding of the answers, a follow-up study was conducted consisting of two focus groups with a sample of survey participants. These focus groups respectively concentrated on respondents' perceptions of innovative cars, and on the personality traits of the 'typical' innovative car driver. The results of the survey shows that the attitude towards innovative cars are strongly influenced by affective aspects (such as comfort and pleasant) and to a (much) smaller extent by environmental considerations. The results of the focus groups confirm these findings. According to the participants the price of the car is decisive whereby environmental concerns play no role. The design and image of the car are important. In addition, it appears that the familiarity with (and thus the knowledge about) the innovative cars is still very limited (with the exception of the hybrid car). This point of view stresses the importance of the way in which innovative cars are positioned thereby affecting the image (social norms) people will have regarding these cars. [Dutch] Om de nadelige effecten van vervoer (automobiliteit in het bijzonder) te beperken, wordt een transitie voorzien van conventionele auto's, rijdend op fossiele brandstoffen, naar duurzame

  12. A compact wideband precision impedance measurement system based on digital auto-balancing bridge

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The ac impedance spectroscopy measurements are predominantly taken by using impedance analyzers based on analog auto-balancing bridge. However, those bench-top analyzers are generally complicated, bulky and expensive, thus limiting their usage in industrial field applications. This paper presents the development of a compact wideband precision measurement system based on digital auto-balancing bridge. The methods of digital auto-balancing bridge and digital lock-in amplifier are analyzed theoretically. The overall design and several key sections including null detector, direct digital synthesizer-based sampling clock, and digital control unit are introduced in detail. The results show that the system achieves a basic measurement accuracy of 0.05% with a frequency range of 20 Hz–2 MHz. The advantages of versatile measurement capacity, fast measurement speed, small size and low cost make it quite suitable for industrial field applications. It is demonstrated that this system is practical and effective by applying in determining the impedance-temperature characteristic of a motor starter PTC thermistor. (paper)

  13. A dedicated on-line detecting system for auto air dryers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shi, Chao-yu; Luo, Zai

    2013-10-01

    According to the correlative automobile industry standard and the requirements of manufacturer, this dedicated on-line detecting system is designed against the shortage of low degree automatic efficiency and detection precision of auto air dryer in the domestic. Fast automatic detection is achieved by combining the technology of computer control, mechatronics and pneumatics. This system can detect the speciality performance of pressure regulating valve and sealability of auto air dryer, in which online analytical processing of test data is available, at the same time, saving and inquiring data is achieved. Through some experimental analysis, it is indicated that efficient and accurate detection of the performance of auto air dryer is realized, and the test errors are less than 3%. Moreover, we carry out the type A evaluation of uncertainty in test data based on Bayesian theory, and the results show that the test uncertainties of all performance parameters are less than 0.5kPa, which can meet the requirements of operating industrial site absolutely.

  14. A compact wideband precision impedance measurement system based on digital auto-balancing bridge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Binxin; Wang, Jinyu; Song, Guangdong; Zhang, Faxiang

    2016-05-01

    The ac impedance spectroscopy measurements are predominantly taken by using impedance analyzers based on analog auto-balancing bridge. However, those bench-top analyzers are generally complicated, bulky and expensive, thus limiting their usage in industrial field applications. This paper presents the development of a compact wideband precision measurement system based on digital auto-balancing bridge. The methods of digital auto-balancing bridge and digital lock-in amplifier are analyzed theoretically. The overall design and several key sections including null detector, direct digital synthesizer-based sampling clock, and digital control unit are introduced in detail. The results show that the system achieves a basic measurement accuracy of 0.05% with a frequency range of 20 Hz-2 MHz. The advantages of versatile measurement capacity, fast measurement speed, small size and low cost make it quite suitable for industrial field applications. It is demonstrated that this system is practical and effective by applying in determining the impedance-temperature characteristic of a motor starter PTC thermistor.

  15. Effects of methyl substitution on the auto-ignition of C16 alkanes

    KAUST Repository

    Lapuerta, Magín

    2015-12-18

    The auto-ignition quality of diesel fuels, quantified by their cetane number or derived cetane number (DCN), is a critical design property to consider when producing and upgrading synthetic paraffinic fuels. It is well known that auto-ignition characteristics of paraffinic fuels depend on their degree of methyl substitution. However, there remains a need to study the governing chemical functionalities contributing to such ignition characteristics, especially in the case of methyl substitutions, which have not been studied in detail. In this work, the auto-ignition of 2,6,10-trimethyltridecane has been compared with the reference hydrocarbons used for cetane number determination, i.e. n-hexadecane and heptamethylnonane, all of them being C16 isomers. Results from a constant-volume combustion chamber under different pressure and temperature initial conditions showed that the ignition delay time for both cool flame and main combustion events increased less from n-hexadecane to trimethyltridecane than from trimethyltridecane to heptamethylnonane. Additional experimental results from blends of these hydrocarbons, together with kinetic modelling, showed that auto-ignition times and combustion rates were correlated to the concentration of the functional groups indicative of methyl substitution, although not in a linear manner. When the concentration of these functional groups decreased, the first stage OH radical concentration increased and ignition delay times decreased, whereas when their concentration increased, H2O2 production was slower and ignition was retarded. Contrary to the ignition delay times, DCN was correlated linearly with functional groups, thus homogenizing the range of values and clarifying the differences between fuels.

  16. Auto-modulation of neuroactive steroids on GABA A receptors: a novel pharmacological effect.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wegner, Florian; Rassler, Cornelia; Allgaier, Clemens; Strecker, Karl; Wohlfarth, Kai

    2007-02-01

    GABA(A) receptor function is modulated by various important drugs including neuroactive steroids that act on allosteric modulatory sites and can directly activate GABA(A) receptor channels at high concentrations. We used whole cell patch-clamp recordings and rapid applications of the neuroactive steroid alphaxalone to investigate repetitive steroid effects. Alphaxalone potentiation of submaximal GABA-evoked currents was enhanced significantly by repetitive coapplications at all investigated recombinant isoforms (alpha1beta3delta, alpha1beta3gamma2L, alpha6beta3delta, alpha6beta3gamma2L) and at GABA(A) receptors of differentiated human NT2 neurons. A similar increase of current amplitudes was induced by repetitive applications of a high steroid concentration without GABA. We refer to these reversible effects as auto-modulation because repeated interactions of steroids enhanced their own pharmacological impact at the receptor sites in a time and concentration dependent manner without affecting GABA controls. Pronounced auto-modulatory actions were also measured using the neurosteroid 5alpha-THDOC in contrast to indiplon, THIP, and pentobarbital indicating a steroid specificity. Protein kinase A inhibition significantly reduced alphaxalone auto-modulation at alpha1beta3gamma2L, alpha6beta3gamma2L, and alpha6beta3delta subtypes while it enhanced potentiation at alpha1beta3delta isoforms suggesting a crucial influence of receptor subunit composition and phosphorylation for steroid actions. Especially at extrasynaptic GABA(A) receptor sites containing the delta subunit steroid auto-modulation may have a critical role in enhancing potentiation of GABA-induced currents.

  17. Method for auto-alignment of digital optical phase conjugation systems based on digital propagation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jang, Mooseok; Ruan, Haowen; Zhou, Haojiang; Judkewitz, Benjamin; Yang, Changhuei

    2014-06-16

    Optical phase conjugation (OPC) has enabled many optical applications such as aberration correction and image transmission through fiber. In recent years, implementation of digital optical phase conjugation (DOPC) has opened up the possibility of its use in biomedical optics (e.g. deep-tissue optical focusing) due to its ability to provide greater-than-unity OPC reflectivity (the power ratio of the phase conjugated beam and input beam to the OPC system) and its flexibility to accommodate additional wavefront manipulations. However, the requirement for precise (pixel-to-pixel matching) alignment of the wavefront sensor and the spatial light modulator (SLM) limits the practical usability of DOPC systems. Here, we report a method for auto-alignment of a DOPC system by which the misalignment between the sensor and the SLM is auto-corrected through digital light propagation. With this method, we were able to accomplish OPC playback with a DOPC system with gross sensor-SLM misalignment by an axial displacement of up to~1.5 cm, rotation and tip/tilt of ~5° and in-plane displacement of ~5 mm (dependent on the physical size of the sensor and the SLM). Our auto-alignment method robustly achieved a DOPC playback peak-to-background ratio (PBR) corresponding to more than ~30 % of the theoretical maximum. As an additional advantage, the auto-alignment procedure can be easily performed at will and, as such, allows us to correct for small mechanical drifts within the DOPC systems, thus overcoming a previously major DOPC system vulnerability. We believe that this reported method for implementing robust DOPC systems will broaden the practical utility of DOPC systems.

  18. 基于AutoCAD的建筑制图应用分析%Analysis of construction drawing based on AutoCAD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨小玉

    2014-01-01

    Because of the rapid development of science and technology,AutoCAD construction drawings are widely used in the construction field,and more and more social attention.This paper briefly introduces theapplication of AutoCAD in the construction of teaching in the drawing,and then introduced the set AutoCAD initialapplication and set the application of AutoCAD drawing,finally has made the comprehensive analysis of the skills used in architectural drawing in AutoCAD.%由于科学技术的迅猛发展,AutoCAD的建筑制图也广泛运用于建筑领域,而且越来越受社会所重视。文章首先简要介绍了AutoCAD在建筑制图中的教学应用,然后介绍了AutoCAD的初始设置应用以及AutoCAD制图的设置应用,最后对AutoCAD在建筑制图中的技巧应用做出了全面的分析。

  19. 基于AutoCAD的建筑制图应用分析%Analysis of construction drawing based on AutoCAD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨小玉

    2014-01-01

    由于科学技术的迅猛发展,AutoCAD的建筑制图也广泛运用于建筑领域,而且越来越受社会所重视。文章首先简要介绍了AutoCAD在建筑制图中的教学应用,然后介绍了AutoCAD的初始设置应用以及AutoCAD制图的设置应用,最后对AutoCAD在建筑制图中的技巧应用做出了全面的分析。%Because of the rapid development of science and technology,AutoCAD construction drawings are widely used in the construction field,and more and more social attention.This paper briefly introduces theapplication of AutoCAD in the construction of teaching in the drawing,and then introduced the set AutoCAD initialapplication and set the application of AutoCAD drawing,finally has made the comprehensive analysis of the skills used in architectural drawing in AutoCAD.

  20. Research on remote sensing image pixel attribute data acquisition method in AutoCAD

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Xiaoyang; Sun, Guangtong; Liu, Jun; Liu, Hui

    2013-07-01

    The remote sensing image has been widely used in AutoCAD, but AutoCAD lack of the function of remote sensing image processing. In the paper, ObjectARX was used for the secondary development tool, combined with the Image Engine SDK to realize remote sensing image pixel attribute data acquisition in AutoCAD, which provides critical technical support for AutoCAD environment remote sensing image processing algorithms.

  1. Beginning AutoCAD 2005

    CERN Document Server

    McFarlane, Bob

    2005-01-01

    Beginning AutoCAD 2005 is a course based on learning and practising the essentials of 2D drawing using AutoCAD. Bob McFarlane's hands-on approach is uniquely suited to independent learning and use on courses. The focus on 2D drawing in one book, ensures the reader gets a thorough grounding in the subject, with a greater depth of coverage than tends to be available from general introductions to AutoCAD. As a result, this book provides a true, step-by-step, detailed exploration of the AutoCAD functions required at each stage of producing a 2D drawing - an approach often

  2. On the design of artificial auto-associative neuronal networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reimann, Stefan

    1998-06-01

    In this paper, we consider the problem of how to construct an artificial neuronal network such that it reproduces a given set of patterns in an exact manner. It turns out that the structure of the weight matrix of the network represents the structure of the set of patterns it is acting on, not the patterns themselves. Conditions are discussed under which the associative network memorizes a certain subset of these patterns. Our formal approach is based on the simple observation that neural networks are structured sets of neurons. By regarding recurrent neural networks as dynamical systems with symmetry, the category of G-sets and G-morphisms appears as a natural framework for evaluating their structure and functioning analytically.

  3. Auto Target Tracking Robot Design Based on Smartphone

    OpenAIRE

    Shuen De Wu; Kei-Siang You

    2016-01-01

    This paper describes a robot tracking control design based on a smartphone using a commercial microprocessor. The system hardware consists of four major parts: an Android smartphone with an embedded camera, a Microchip microprocessor, a motor driver circuit and an Attacknid robot. First, an image of the surrounding environment is captured by the high definition camera embedded in the smartphone. The target is then recognized from the image using an algorithm developed in Android OS and OpenCV...

  4. Internet与AutoCAD%Internet and AutoCAD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李岩; 修立刚

    2009-01-01

    从Internet是国际上交流信息最重要的方法出发,介绍了AutoCAD的网络功能.即如何在Web上发布图形和在AutoCAD中进行网上的图形操作.%Is internationally exchanges the information most important method from Intemet to embark, introduced the AutoCAD network function, how namely on Web to issue that the graph and carries in-line graph operation in AutoCAD.

  5. Study on Sparse De-noising Auto-Encoder Neural Network%一种稀疏降噪自编码神经网络研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张成刚; 姜静清

    2016-01-01

    近年来,基于深度学习的自编码神经网络是数据降维问题研究的热点,数据降维能够有效地消除无关和冗余信息,提高学习数据内在特征的效率.研究了在原始数据预处理时加入噪声,可训练出对输入信息更加鲁棒的表达,从而提升自编码神经网络模型对输入数据的泛化能力.提出了一种稀疏降噪自编码神经网络(Sparse De-noising Auto-Encoder, SDAE),基于稀疏性的思想,对降噪自编码神经网络加以改进,使得抽象出的特征稀疏表示,更有效的用于数据分类.实验结果表明稀疏降噪自编码神经网络(SDAE)分类准确率要优于传统的自编码神经网络及降噪自编码神经网络.%In recent years, the study about auto-encoder neural network based on deep learning has been a hot topic in research of data dimension reduction, which can eliminate irrelevant and redundant information effectively and im-prove the efficiency of the inherent characteristics of the learning data. More robust expression for input data can be trained through adding noise at the raw data preprocessing, which thereby enhances the generalization of auto-encod-er neural network model for input data. Sparse De-noising Auto-Encoder(SDAE)was proposed. De-noising au-to-encoder neural networks were enhanced based on the idea of sparsity which enables abstract features of sparse representation to become more effective for data classification. Experimental results show that classification accuracy of SDAE is better than that of traditional auto-encoder neural network and de-noising auto-encoder neural network.

  6. Auto Target Tracking Robot Design Based on Smartphone

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shuen De Wu

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes a robot tracking control design based on a smartphone using a commercial microprocessor. The system hardware consists of four major parts: an Android smartphone with an embedded camera, a Microchip microprocessor, a motor driver circuit and an Attacknid robot. First, an image of the surrounding environment is captured by the high definition camera embedded in the smartphone. The target is then recognized from the image using an algorithm developed in Android OS and OpenCV library. Third, motion control and laser activation strategies are achieved using the proposed algorithm implemented in Java. Fourth, the motion commands are delivered to the microchip processor through a USB interface. Finally, the processor produces a pulse width modulation (PWM voltage to control the robot’s motion and activate the laser diode according commands sent from the smart phone. Experimental results demonstrate the feasibility of this proposed architecture.

  7. Program Development in CAD Environment Based on AutoLISP Language%CAD 环境下基于 AutoLISP 语言的程序开发

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李洁; 秦岩宾; 解益辰; 胡紫豪

    2013-01-01

    On the basis of introducing the Auto LISP language , this article makes program process design for coordinate extraction and point marking, and then uses Auto LISP language to realize these functions .The operation may be easy.Meanwhile, we make an a-nalysis and introduction to the program and its main functions and advantages .%论述了在AutoLISP语言基础上进行坐标提取和展点程序流程设计,并用AutoLISP语言实现这些功能,操作简单易行。同时,对所编程序进行分析介绍,并提出其主要功能及优点。

  8. Shared Representation of SAR Target and Shadow Based on Multilayer Auto-encoder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sun Zhi-jun

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Automatic Target Recognition (ATR of Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR image is investigated. A SAR feature extraction algorithm based on multilayer auto-encoder is proposed. The method makes use of a probabilistic neural network, Restricted Boltzmann Machine (RBM modeling probability distribution of environment. Through the formation of more expressive multilayer neural network, the deep learning model learns shared representation of the target and its shadow outline reflecting the target shape characteristics. Targets are classified automatically through two recognition models. The experiment results based on the MSTAR verify the effectiveness of proposed algorithm.

  9. Research on Auto-detection for Remainder Particles of Aerospace Relay Based on Wavelet Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GAO Hong-liang; ZHANG Hui; WANG Shu-juan

    2007-01-01

    Aerospace relay is one kind of electronic components which is used widely in national defense system and aerospace system. The existence of remainder particles induces the reliability declining, which has become a severe problem in the development of aerospace relay. Traditional particle impact noise detection (PIND) method for remainder detection is ineffective for small particles, due to its low precision and involvement of subjective factors. An auto-detection method for PIND output signals is proposed in this paper, which is based on direct wavelet de-noising (DWD), cross-correlation analysis (CCA) and homo-filtering (HF), the method enhances the affectivity of PIND test about the small particles. In the end, some practical PIND output signals are analysed, and the validity of this new method is proved.

  10. Study on an auto-correlation-function-based damage index: Sensitivity analysis and structural damage detection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Muyu; Schmidt, Rüdiger

    2015-12-01

    The damage index based on the auto correlation function to detect the damage of the structure under white noise excitation is studied in detail in this paper. The maximum values of the auto correlation function of the vibration response signals (displacement, velocity and acceleration) from different measurement points of the structure are collected and formulated as a vector called Auto Correlation Function at Maximum Point Value Vector (AMV), which is expressed as a weighted combination of the Hadamard product of two mode shapes. AMV is normalized by its root mean square value so that the influence of the excitation can be eliminated. Sensitivity analysis for the different parts of the normalized AMV shows that the sensitivity of the normalized AMV to the local stiffness is dependent most on the sensitivity of the Hadamard product of the two lower order mode shapes to the local stiffness, which has a sudden change of the value around the local stiffness change position. The sensitivity of the normalized AMV has the similar shape and same trend that shows it is a very good damage indicator even for the very small damage. The relative change of the normalized AMV before and after damage occurs in the structure is adopted as the damage index to show the damage location. Several examples of the stiffness reduction detection of a 12-story shear frame structure are utilized to validate the results in sensitivity analysis, illustrate the effectiveness and anti-noise ability of the AMV-based damage detection method and compare the effect of the response type on the detectability of the normalized AMV.

  11. AutoCAD 2010 For Dummies

    CERN Document Server

    Byrnes, David

    2009-01-01

    AutoCAD is the hot computer-aided design software known for both its powerful tools and its complexity. AutoCAD 2010 for Dummies is the bestselling guide that walks you through this complicated program so you can build complex 3D technical drawings, edit like a pro, enter new dimensions, and plot with style. AutoCAD 2010 for Dummies helps you navigate the program, use the AutoCAD Design Center, create a basic layout and work with dimension, and put your drawings on the Internet. You'll soon be setting up the AutoCAD environment, using the AutoCAD Ribbon, creating annotation and dimension drawi

  12. Study on optimal design to improve auto-body structural crashworthiness

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Hai-liang; LIN Zhong-qin

    2005-01-01

    In this paper the optimal model of the main energy absorbed structure in an auto-body "front rail",based on structural crashworthiness is built. For an optimal design on structure crashworthiness, the new method is based on a response surface model and Pareto GA, which improves the efficiency and flexibility of an optimal design, that is brought forward. The traditional optimal method can not be applied in the design of an impact structure due to the high nonlinearity and large time cost of crashworthiness FE analysis. So the method of an optimal design based on crashworthiness is brought forward. After constructing the response surface model of auto-body crashworthiness, the Pareto GA can be applied to find the multi-objective globally. The optimal solution set can then be used to provide many scheme combinations for choice structural parameters.To acquire the optimized structure parameters on front rail crashworthiness, this simplified model of an original design is built. After studying various ways of reinforcing the cross-section to control the structural failure mode, a better method has been found. On the precondition of not increasing the mass of the structure, an optimal design of the front rail is performed further. Finally, the optimized scheme is implemented in the full-car impact analysis and crashworthiness is studied. With proper measures to control deformation of the front rail structure the crashworthiness can be improved with minor structural modifications.

  13. Impact of Formaldehyde Addition on Auto-Ignition in Internal-Combustion Engines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuwahara, Kazunari; Ando, Hiromitsu; Furutani, Masahiro; Ohta, Yasuhiko

    By employing a direct-injection diesel engine equipped with a common-rail type of injection system, by adding formaldehyde (CH2O) to the intake air, and by changing the fuel-injection timing, the compression ratio and the intake-air temperature, a mechanism for CH2O as a fuel additive to affect auto-ignition was discussed. Unlike an HCCI type of engine, the diesel engine can expose an air-fuel mixture only to a limited range of the in-cylinder temperature before the ignition, and can separate low- and high-temperature parts of the mechanism. When low-temperature oxidation starts at a temperature above 900K, there are cases that the CH2O advances the ignition timing. Below 900K, to the contrary, it always retards the timing. It is because, above 900K, a part of the CH2O changes into CO together with H2O2 as an ignition promoter. Below 900K, on the other hand, the CH2O itself acts as an OH radical scavenger against cool-flame reaction, from the beginning of low-temperature oxidation. Then, the engine was modified for its extraordinary function as a gasoline-knocking generator, in order that an effect of CH2O on knocking could be discussed. The CH2O retards the onset of auto-ignition of an end gas. Judging from a large degree of the retardation, the ignition is probably triggered below 900K.

  14. Study on intelligent welding mobile robot with the function of auto-searching weld line

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Ke; Lü Xueqin; Sun Guang; Wu Yixiong

    2006-01-01

    The development of welding robots suitable for specially unstructured working enviroments has been become an important development direction of industrial robot application because large-scale welding structures have been used more and more widely in modern industry. In this paper, an intelligent mobile robot for welding of ship deck with the function of autosearching weld line was presented. A wheeled motion mechanism and a cross adjustment slider are used for the welding robot body. A sensing system based on laser-PSD (position sensitive detector) displacement sensor was developed to obtain two dimensional deviation signals during seam tracking. A full-digital control system based on DSP and CPLD has also been realized to implement complex and high-performance control algorithm s. Furthermore, the system has still the function of auto-searching weld line according to the characteristics information of weld groove and adjusting posture itself to the desired status preparing for welding. The experiment of auto-searching welding line shows that the robot has high tracing accuracy,and can satisfy the requirement of practical welding project.

  15. AutoCAD技术在公路施工中的运用%On application of AutoCAD technique in road construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘田俊

    2013-01-01

    AutoCAD技术在公路施工中的运用进行了详细的阐述,分别列举了AutoCAD技术在施工现场规划布置、公路施工测量放样、路基土石方测算、公路施工资料中的应用,并详细介绍了应用方法,指出AutoCAD技术在公路施工中具有广阔应用前景.

  16. 2006 Chinese Government Auto Purchase Forum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Sponsored by Economic Daily and the China Machinery Enterprises Management Association, the 2006 Chinese Government Auto Purchase Forum will be held in Tianjin on July 11-13. This represents another high-level dialogue and exchange between the government and the auto industry hot on the heels of the 2005 Chinese Government Auto Purchase Forum. This event is launched to promote

  17. Auto-calibration of capacitive MEMS accelerometers based on pull-in voltage

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rocha, L.A.; Dias, R.A.; Cretu, E.; Mol, L.; Wolffenbuttel, R.F.

    2011-01-01

    This paper describes an electro-mechanical auto-calibration technique for use in capacitive MEMS accelerometers. Auto-calibration is achieved using the combined information derived from an initial measurement of the resonance frequency and the measurement of the pull-in voltages during device operat

  18. Data Transfer between AutoCAD and Compass Based on VBA%基于VBA的AutoCAD 和Compass的数据传递

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尤炜呈; 陈顺怀

    2008-01-01

    利用VBA编程,对AutoCAD进行二次开发.实现了从AutoCAD到Compass的数据传递,避免了在使用Compass进行性能计算时,手动输入型线的型值.自动生成船体模型,可提高图形生成效率和准确性.

  19. 基于AutoCAD的PLC梯形图的绘制%The protraction of the PLC ladder-shaped chart base on AutoCAD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈营

    2002-01-01

    本文介绍了利用AutoCAD的图块技术和形文件建立PLC元器件图形符号库的方法,阐述了利用AutoCAD快速绘制梯形图的过程,为PLC梯形图的自动绘制与编程提供基础控件.

  20. AutoGPA-Based 3D-QSAR Modeling and Molecular Docking Study on Factor Xa Inhibitors as Anticoagulant Agents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guo Fang Yuan

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The three-dimensional-quantitative structure activity relationship (3D-QSAR studies were performed on a series of direct factor Xa (FXa inhibitors using AutoGPA-based modeling method in this paper. A training set of 38 molecules and a test set containing 10 molecules were used to build the 3D-QSAR model and validate the derived model, respectively. The developed model with correlation coefficients (r2 of 0.8564 and cross-validated correlation coefficients (q2 of 0.6721 were validated by an external test set of 10 molecules with predicted correlation coefficient (rpred2 of 0.6077. Docking study of FXa inhibitors and FXa active site was performed to check the induced pharmacophore query and comparative molecular field analysis (CoMFA contour maps using MOE2012.10. It was proved to be coincidence with the interaction information between ligand and FXa active site and was rendered to provide a useful tool to improve FXa inhibitors.

  1. The second development of AutoCAD dimension mark system based on the ObjectARX%基于ObjectARX的AutoCAD尺寸标注测试系统二次开发

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王传俊

    2013-01-01

    Analysis of the Windows operating system and the operating environment based on VisualC++, the basic method of program design and the advantages of AutoCAD second development using ObjectARX application program. Give out the methods of three view dimension testing system for developing portfolio , and deeply verify the feasibility of using ObjectARX to develop AutoCAD for the second time in the Visual C++environment.%  分析了在Windows操作系统下,基于Visual C++运行环境,利用ObjectARX应用程序对AutoCAD进行二次开发的优点和基本方法。以AutoCAD尺寸标注测试系统为实例,给出开发组合体三视图尺寸标注测试系统的方法,进一步验证了在Visual C++环境下用ObjectARX对AutoCAD二次开发的可行性。

  2. Auto-measurement system of aerial camera lens' resolution based on orthogonal linear CCD

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Yu-liang; Zhang, Yu-ye; Ding, Hong-yi

    2010-10-01

    The resolution of aerial camera lens is one of the most important camera's performance indexes. The measurement and calibration of resolution are important test items in in maintenance of camera. The traditional method that is observing resolution panel of collimator rely on human's eyes using microscope and doing some computing. The method is of low efficiency and susceptible to artificial factors. The measurement results are unstable, too. An auto-measurement system of aerial camera lens' resolution, which uses orthogonal linear CCD sensor as the detector to replace reading microscope, is introduced. The system can measure automatically and show result real-timely. In order to measure the smallest diameter of resolution panel which could be identified, two orthogonal linear CCD is laid on the imaging plane of measured lens and four intersection points are formed on the orthogonal linear CCD. A coordinate system is determined by origin point of the linear CCD. And a circle is determined by four intersection points. In order to obtain the circle's radius, firstly, the image of resolution panel is transformed to pulse width of electric signal which is send to computer through amplifying circuit and threshold comparator and counter. Secondly, the smallest circle would be extracted to do measurement. The circle extraction made using of wavelet transform which has character of localization in the domain of time and frequency and has capability of multi-scale analysis. Lastly, according to the solution formula of lens' resolution, we could obtain the resolution of measured lens. The measuring precision on practical measurement is analyzed, and the result indicated that the precision will be improved when using linear CCD instead of reading microscope. Moreover, the improvement of system error is determined by the pixel's size of CCD. With the technique of CCD developed, the pixel's size will smaller, the system error will be reduced greatly too. So the auto

  3. Time Use on Trains

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjørner, Thomas

    2016-01-01

    This study explores how travel time is used and how passengers conceptualise travel time in Danish intercity trains and intercity fast trains. The new contribution to the literature this study can offer is in the inclusion of all kinds of passengers in the different compartments to understand train...

  4. AutoCAD platform customization user interface, AutoLISP, VBA, and beyond

    CERN Document Server

    Ambrosius, Lee

    2015-01-01

    Take control of AutoCAD to boost the speed, quality, and precision of your work Senior drafters and savvy users are increasingly taking AutoCAD customization out of the hands of system administrators, and taking control of their own workflow. In AutoCAD Platform Customization, Autodesk customization guru Lee Ambrosius walks you through a multitude of customization options using detailed tutorials and real-world examples applicable to AutoCAD, AutoCAD LT, Civil 3D, Plant 3D, and other programs built on the AutoCAD platform. By unleashing the full power of the software, you'll simplify and str

  5. An Efficient Algorithm for Auto Upload and Chi - Square Test on Application Software

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sampada Kembhavi

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available In this paper weproposed a novel algorithm for autouploading the data in the cloud environment withoutanylicense considerationand suggest a novelframework where data is auto upload after a properauthentication and processing their task (gatheringand sharing inthe cloudenvironment.Here wepresent the authenticationprocess with autouploading process.We also use the traditionalmethod of data uploading, data gathering andsharing.So that we compare our statistics. We useobject orientedprograming (OOP programsas adata which is used for data sharing and gathering.We use java programs for comparison.Thenweapply Chi-Square test, to test the hypothesis forcorrectness. Then we check the program capabilityunder three parameters; first is F-measure (FM,second is odds ratio (OR and third is power (PO.Based on the three parameters we can find the betterapplication software as a service approach. Basedon the above phenomena we can compare theexecutiontimein different operating applicationwith the help of software quality metrics

  6. A Big Network Traffic Data Fusion Approach Based on Fisher and Deep Auto-Encoder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaoling Tao

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Data fusion is usually performed prior to classification in order to reduce the input space. These dimensionality reduction techniques help to decline the complexity of the classification model and thus improve the classification performance. The traditional supervised methods demand labeled samples, and the current network traffic data mostly is not labeled. Thereby, better learners will be built by using both labeled and unlabeled data, than using each one alone. In this paper, a novel network traffic data fusion approach based on Fisher and deep auto-encoder (DFA-F-DAE is proposed to reduce the data dimensions and the complexity of computation. The experimental results show that the DFA-F-DAE improves the generalization ability of the three classification algorithms (J48, back propagation neural network (BPNN, and support vector machine (SVM by data dimensionality reduction. We found that the DFA-F-DAE remarkably improves the efficiency of big network traffic classification.

  7. Decreasing Beam Auto Tuning Interruption Events with In-Situ Chemical Cleaning on Axcelis GSD

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ion beam auto tuning time and success rate are often major factors in the utilization and productivity of ion implanters. Tuning software frequently fails to meet specified setup times or recipe parameters, causing production stoppages and requiring manual intervention. Build-up of conductive deposits in the arc chamber and extraction gap can be one of the main causes of auto tuning problems. The deposits cause glitching and ion beam instabilities, which lead to errors in the software optimization routines. Infineon Regensburg has been testing use of XeF2, an in-situ chemical cleaning reagent, with positive results in reducing auto tuning interruption events.

  8. Design and Application on Auto-vending Machine for Cupped Beverage

    OpenAIRE

    Xiaowei Jiang; Yonghong Sun

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to design an auto-vending machine for cupped beverage, specifically studying its shape design and color design. The article elaborates that the shape design of this auto-vending machine for cupped beverage should follow the art rule of variation and unity and meanwhile the whole shape still should be simple and direct; the color design of the auto-vending machine for cupped beverage not only should satisfy the request of man-machine coordination and environment an...

  9. AutoCAD 2014 essentials

    CERN Document Server

    Onstott, Scott

    2013-01-01

    Learn crucial AutoCAD tools and techniques with this Autodesk Official Press Book Quickly become productive using AutoCAD 2014 and AutoCAD LT 2014 with this full color Autodesk Official Press guide. This unique learning resource features concise, straightforward explanations and real-world, hands-on exercises and tutorials. Following a quick discussion of concepts and goals, each chapter moves on to an approachable hands-on exercise designed to reinforce real-world tactics and techniques. Compelling, full-color screenshots illustrate tutorial steps, and chapters conclude with relat

  10. A high-speed bioelectrical impedance spectroscopy system based on the digital auto-balancing bridge method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Nan; Xu, Hui; Wang, Wei; Zhou, Zhou; Qiao, Guofeng; D-U Li, David

    2013-06-01

    A novel bioelectrical impedance spectroscopy system based on the digital auto-balancing bridge method improved from the conventional analogue auto-balancing method is presented for bioelectrical impedance measurements. The hardware of the proposed system consists of a reference source, a null detector, a variable source, a field programmable gate array, a clock generator, a flash and a USB controller. Software implemented in the field programmable gate array includes three major blocks: clock management, peripheral control and digital signal processing. The principle and realization of the least-mean-squares-based digital auto-balancing algorithm is introduced in detail. The performances of our system were examined by comparing with a commercial impedance analyzer. The results reveal that the proposed system has high speed (less than 3.5 ms per measurement) and high accuracy in the frequency range of 1 kHz-10 MHz. Compared with the commercial instrument based on the traditional analogue auto-balancing method, our system shows advantages in measurement speed, compactness and flexibility, making it suitable for various bioelectrical impedance measurement applications.

  11. A high-speed bioelectrical impedance spectroscopy system based on the digital auto-balancing bridge method

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A novel bioelectrical impedance spectroscopy system based on the digital auto-balancing bridge method improved from the conventional analogue auto-balancing method is presented for bioelectrical impedance measurements. The hardware of the proposed system consists of a reference source, a null detector, a variable source, a field programmable gate array, a clock generator, a flash and a USB controller. Software implemented in the field programmable gate array includes three major blocks: clock management, peripheral control and digital signal processing. The principle and realization of the least-mean-squares-based digital auto-balancing algorithm is introduced in detail. The performances of our system were examined by comparing with a commercial impedance analyzer. The results reveal that the proposed system has high speed (less than 3.5 ms per measurement) and high accuracy in the frequency range of 1 kHz–10 MHz. Compared with the commercial instrument based on the traditional analogue auto-balancing method, our system shows advantages in measurement speed, compactness and flexibility, making it suitable for various bioelectrical impedance measurement applications. (paper)

  12. AutoCAD 2014 for dummies

    CERN Document Server

    Fane, Bill

    2013-01-01

    Find your way around AutoCAD 2014 with this full-color, For Dummies guide!Put away that pencil and paper and start putting the power of AutoCAD 2014 to work in your CAD projects and designs. From setting up your drawing environment to using text, dimensions, hatching, and more, this guide walks you through AutoCAD basics and provides you with a solid understanding of the latest CAD tools and techniques. You'll also benefit from the full-color illustrations that mirror exactly what you'll see on your AutoCAD 2014 screen and highlight the importance of AutoCAD's Mode

  13. AutoCAD platform customization autolisp

    CERN Document Server

    Ambrosius, Lee

    2014-01-01

    Customize and personalize programs built on the AutoCAD platform AutoLISP is the key to unlocking the secrets of a more streamlined experience using industry leading software programs like AutoCAD, Civil 3D, Plant 3D, and more. AutoCAD Platform Customization: AutoLISP provides real-world examples that show you how to do everything from modifying graphical objects and reading and setting system variables to communicating with external programs. It also features a resources appendix and downloadable datasets and customization examples-tools that ensure swift and easy adoption. Find out how to r

  14. AutoCAD 2008 for dummies

    CERN Document Server

    Byrnes, David

    2007-01-01

    A gentle, humorous introduction to this fearsomely complex software that helps new users start creating 2D and 3D technical drawings right awayCovers the new features and enhancements in the latest AutoCAD version and provides coverage of AutoCAD LT, AutoCAD''s lower-cost siblingTopics covered include creating a basic layout, using AutoCAD DesignCenter, drawing and editing, working with dimensions, plotting, using blocks, adding text to drawings, and drawing on the InternetAutoCAD is the leading CAD software for architects, engineers, and draftspeople who need to create detailed 2D and 3D tech

  15. Contractive De-noising Auto-encoder

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, Fu-qiang; Wu, Yan; Zhao, Guo-dong; Zhang, Jun-Ming; Zhu, Ming; Bai, Jing

    2013-01-01

    Auto-encoder is a special kind of neural network based on reconstruction. De-noising auto-encoder (DAE) is an improved auto-encoder which is robust to the input by corrupting the original data first and then reconstructing the original input by minimizing the reconstruction error function. And contractive auto-encoder (CAE) is another kind of improved auto-encoder to learn robust feature by introducing the Frobenius norm of the Jacobean matrix of the learned feature with respect to the origin...

  16. AutoCAD platform customization VBA

    CERN Document Server

    Ambrosius, Lee

    2015-01-01

    Boost productivity and streamline your workflow with expert AutoCAD: VBA programming instruction AutoCAD Platform Customization: VBA is the definitive guide to personalizing AutoCAD and the various programs that run on the AutoCAD platform, including AutoCAD Architecture, Civil 3D, Plant 3D, and more. Written by an Autodesk insider with years of customization and programming experience, this book features detailed discussions backed by real-world examples and easy-to-follow tutorials that illustrate each step in the personalization process. Readers gain expert guidance toward managing layout

  17. An application of ANP for ranking different factors influencing on demand for auto parts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Zarepour

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents an empirical investigation to study different factors influencing auto parts in different regions of Iran. The study has asked some experts who worked for the biggest auto parts supplier named SaipaYadak to express their insights about important factors influencing demand for auto parts in different region and their insights have grouped into four categories of parts related issues, weather conditions, regional as well as cultural factors. The study has been applied in five different regions of country including central, south, north, west and east. The study has used analytical network process (ANP to rank different factors and the results indicate that regional factors is the most important item followed by cultural issues, auto parts and weather conditions.

  18. Auto recognition of carbonate microfacies based on an improved back propagation neural network

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王玉玺; 刘波; 高计县; 张学丰; 李顺利; 刘建强; 田泽普

    2015-01-01

    Though traditional methods could recognize some facies, e.g. lagoon facies, backshoal facies and foreshoal facies, they couldn’t recognize reef facies and shoal facies well. To solve this problem, back propagation neural network (BP-ANN) and an improved BP-ANN with better stability and suitability, optimized by a particle swarm optimizer (PSO) algorithm (PSO-BP-ANN) were proposed to solve the microfacies’ auto discrimination of M formation from the R oil field in Iraq. Fourteen wells with complete core, borehole and log data were chosen as the standard wells and 120 microfacies samples were inferred from these 14 wells. Besides, the average value of gamma, neutron and density logs as well as the sum of squares of deviations of gamma were extracted as key parameters to build log facies (facies from log measurements)−microfacies transforming model. The total 120 log facies samples were divided into 12 kinds of log facies and 6 kinds of microfacies, e.g. lagoon bioclasts micrite limestone microfacies, shoal bioclasts grainstone microfacies, backshoal bioclasts packstone microfacies, foreshoal bioclasts micrite limestone microfacies, shallow continental micrite limestone microfacies and reef limestone microfacies. Furthermore, 68 samples of these 120 log facies samples were chosen as training samples and another 52 samples were gotten as testing samples to test the predicting ability of the discrimination template. Compared with conventional methods, like Bayes stepwise discrimination, both the BP-ANN and PSO-BP-ANN can integrate more log details with a correct rate higher than 85%. Furthermore, PSO-BP-ANN has more simple structure, smaller amount of weight and threshold and less iteration time.

  19. An asymmetric MOSFET-C band-pass filter with on-chip charge pump auto-tuning

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An asymmetric MOSFET-C band-pass filter (BPF) with on chip charge pump auto-tuning is presented. It is implemented in UMC (United Manufacturing Corporation) 0.18 μm CMOS process technology. The filter system with auto-tuning uses a master-slave technique for continuous tuning in which the charge pump outputs 2.663 V, much higher than the power supply voltage, to improve the linearity of the filter. The main filter with third order low-pass and second order high-pass properties is an asymmetric band-pass filter with bandwidth of 2.730-5.340 MHz. The in-band third order harmonic input intercept point (IIP3) is 16.621 dBm, with 50 Ω as the source impedance. The input referred noise is about 47.455 μVrms. The main filter dissipates 3.528 mW while the auto-tuning system dissipates 2.412 mW from a 1.8 V power supply. The filter with the auto-tuning system occupies 0.592 mm2 and it can be utilized in GPS (global positioning system) and Bluetooth systems. (semiconductor integrated circuits)

  20. An asymmetric MOSFET-C band-pass filter with on-chip charge pump auto-tuning

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chen Fangxiong; Ma Heping; Jia Hailong; Shi Yin [Institute of Semiconductors, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100083 (China); Lin Min [Suzhou-CAS Semiconductors Integrated Technology Research Center, Suzhou 215021 (China); Dai, Forster, E-mail: fxchen@semi.ac.c [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Auburn University, AL 36849 (United States)

    2009-08-15

    An asymmetric MOSFET-C band-pass filter (BPF) with on chip charge pump auto-tuning is presented. It is implemented in UMC (United Manufacturing Corporation) 0.18 {mu}m CMOS process technology. The filter system with auto-tuning uses a master-slave technique for continuous tuning in which the charge pump outputs 2.663 V, much higher than the power supply voltage, to improve the linearity of the filter. The main filter with third order low-pass and second order high-pass properties is an asymmetric band-pass filter with bandwidth of 2.730-5.340 MHz. The in-band third order harmonic input intercept point (IIP3) is 16.621 dBm, with 50 {Omega} as the source impedance. The input referred noise is about 47.455 {mu}V{sub rms}. The main filter dissipates 3.528 mW while the auto-tuning system dissipates 2.412 mW from a 1.8 V power supply. The filter with the auto-tuning system occupies 0.592 mm{sup 2} and it can be utilized in GPS (global positioning system) and Bluetooth systems. (semiconductor integrated circuits)

  1. Methods of In-Process On-Machine Auto-Inspection of Dimensional Error and Auto-Compensation of Tool Wear for Precision Turning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shih-Ming Wang

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is mainly to develop an information and communication technology (ICT-based intelligent dimension inspection and tool wear compensation method for precision tuning. With the use of vibration signal processing/characteristics analysis technology combined with ICT, statistical analysis, and diagnosis algorithms, the method can be used to proceed with an on-line dimension inspection and on-machine tool wear auto-compensation for the turning process. Meanwhile, the method can also monitor critical tool life to identify the appropriate time for cutter replacement to reduce machining costs and improve the production efficiency of the turning process. Compared to the traditional ways, the method offers the advantages of requiring less manpower, and having better production efficiency, high tool life, fewer scrap parts, and low costs for inspection instruments. Algorithms and diagnosis threshold values for the detection, cutter wear compensation, and cutter life monitoring were developed. In addition, a bilateral communication module utilizing FANUC Open CNC (computer numerical control Application Programming Interface (API Spec was developed for the on-line extraction of instant NC (numerical control codes for monitoring and transmit commands to CNC controllers for cutter wear compensation. With use of local area networks (LAN to deliver the detection and correction information, the proposed method was able to remotely control the on-machine monitoring process and upload the machining and inspection data to a remote central platform for further production optimization. The verification experiments were conducted on a turning production line. The results showed that the system provided 93% correction for size inspection and 100% correction for cutter wear compensation.

  2. PERFORMING [AUTO] ETHNOGRAPHY POLITICALLY

    OpenAIRE

    Denzin, Norman K.

    2015-01-01

    Building on earlier arguments, I propose a civic, publicly responsable [auto] ethnography that addresses the central issues of self, race, gender, class, society, and democracy.  I begin with pedagogies of hope and the sociological and ethnographic imaginations.  I turn then to the ethnographer and cultural studies, reviewing several models of critical ethnography. I next examine critical performance pedagogy, politics, and critical race theory, and conclude with a brief discussion of the pra...

  3. SPEECH ENHANCEMENT BASED ON DYNAMIC NOISE ESTIMATION WITHIN AUTO-CORRELATION DOMAIN

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴亚栋; 吴旭辉

    2002-01-01

    Most noise suppression algorithms of single channel use the mean of noisy segments to estimate the characteristics of noise spectrum, ignoring the estimation of noise in speech segments. Therefore, when the energy level of noise varies with the time, the performance of removing noise will be degraded. To solve this problem, a speech enhancement approach based on dynamic noise estimation within correlation domain was proposed. This method exploits the characteristics that noise energy mainly concentrates on 0 th-order correlation coefficients, signal is auto-correlated but signal and noise, noise and noise are uncorrelated, then estimates and decomposes the noise, thus helps to solve the above-mentioned problem. The results of recognition experiments on speech signals of 15 Chinese cities' names corrupted by noise of exhibition hall shows, this approach is better than SS (Spectral Subtraction) method, adapts better to the variances of energy levels of speech signal corrupted by noise, has some practicability to improve the robustness of recognition systems under noisy environment.

  4. 3D cavity detection technique and its application based on cavity auto scanning laser system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Xi-ling; LI Xi-bing; LI Fa-ben; ZHAO Guo-yan; QIN Yu-hui

    2008-01-01

    Ground constructions and mines are severely threatened by underground cavities especially those unsafe or inaccessible ones. Safe and precise cavity detection is vital for reasonable cavity evaluation and disposal. The conventional cavity detection methods and their limitation were analyzed. Those methods cannot form 3D model of underground cavity which is used for instructing the cavity disposal; and their precisions in detection are always greatly affected by the geological circumstance. The importance of 3D cavity detection in metal mine for safe exploitation was pointed out; and the 3D cavity laser detection method and its principle were introduced. A cavity auto scanning laser system was recommended to actualize the cavity 3D detection after comparing with the other laser detection systems. Four boreholes were chosen to verify the validity of the cavity auto scanning laser system. The results show that the cavity auto scanning laser system is very suitable for underground 3D cavity detection, especially for those inaccessible ones.

  5. Radiation reaction effect on laser driven auto-resonant particle acceleration

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The effects of radiation reaction force on laser driven auto-resonant particle acceleration scheme are studied using Landau-Lifshitz equation of motion. These studies are carried out for both linear and circularly polarized laser fields in the presence of static axial magnetic field. From the parametric study, a radiation reaction dominated region has been identified in which the particle dynamics is greatly effected by this force. In the radiation reaction dominated region, the two significant effects on particle dynamics are seen, viz., (1) saturation in energy gain by the initially resonant particle and (2) net energy gain by an initially non-resonant particle which is caused due to resonance broadening. It has been further shown that with the relaxation of resonance condition and with optimum choice of parameters, this scheme may become competitive with the other present-day laser driven particle acceleration schemes. The quantum corrections to the Landau-Lifshitz equation of motion have also been taken into account. The difference in the energy gain estimates of the particle by the quantum corrected and classical Landau-Lifshitz equation is found to be insignificant for the present day as well as upcoming laser facilities

  6. Radiation reaction effect on laser driven auto-resonant particle acceleration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sagar, Vikram; Sengupta, Sudip; Kaw, P. K. [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar 382428 (India)

    2015-12-15

    The effects of radiation reaction force on laser driven auto-resonant particle acceleration scheme are studied using Landau-Lifshitz equation of motion. These studies are carried out for both linear and circularly polarized laser fields in the presence of static axial magnetic field. From the parametric study, a radiation reaction dominated region has been identified in which the particle dynamics is greatly effected by this force. In the radiation reaction dominated region, the two significant effects on particle dynamics are seen, viz., (1) saturation in energy gain by the initially resonant particle and (2) net energy gain by an initially non-resonant particle which is caused due to resonance broadening. It has been further shown that with the relaxation of resonance condition and with optimum choice of parameters, this scheme may become competitive with the other present-day laser driven particle acceleration schemes. The quantum corrections to the Landau-Lifshitz equation of motion have also been taken into account. The difference in the energy gain estimates of the particle by the quantum corrected and classical Landau-Lifshitz equation is found to be insignificant for the present day as well as upcoming laser facilities.

  7. An analysis on the strategic allies of auto makers in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    More than 20 years have passed since 1984 when Beiqi and AMC (became part of Chrysler in 1987) established China's first joint venture in the auto industry to produce the Jeep. The history can be divided into two phases. The 1980 witnessed a lot of technology being introduced from abroad and since the late 1990's the joint ventures have been engaged in "market for technology". The mass joint ventures have improved the entire auto industry through introducing funds, technology and management, and given im...

  8. Menu Design of Ship's Application Prograe on AutoCAD VBA%基于AutoCAD VBA船舶应用程序的菜单设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张远双; 熊绪

    2005-01-01

    本文介绍了基于AutoCAD VBA船舶应用程序下拉菜单的程序设计方法,包括主菜单、次菜单、菜单项及其快捷键、分隔符的设计,以及菜单宏的自动加载与运行,列举了用VBA编写的相关程序.

  9. Based on the AutoPlay Menu Builder physical courseware design%基于AutoPlay Menu Builder的物理课件设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾敏; 周明东; 李照鑫

    2011-01-01

    随着现代教育技术的发展,利用多媒体技术辅助教学已被广泛地应用,运AutoPlay Menu Builder制作的物理课件可脱离开发环境独立运行,不需要安装多种复杂的软件,运行简单、方便,实用性和适应性强.

  10. 基于AutoCAD的建筑信息管理工具开发%Building Information Management Tools Development Based on AutoCAD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王保国

    2013-01-01

    主要阐述基于AutoCAD的扩展数据与VBA二次开发技术,将建筑图形数据与建筑属性数据结合起来,实现基于DWG图形的建筑物属性管理,并对属性信息进行一些简单的统计工作.

  11. Implementation of Data Conversion from Dwg to Shapefile Based on AutoCAD.NET%基于AutoCAD.NET的DWG与SHAPEFILE数据转换实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李宾; 师晶; 丁文利

    2011-01-01

    在测绘工作中,绘图数据一般为DWG格式,而GIS建库项目一般采用Shapefile格式.本文基于AutoCAD.NET,实现了从DWG到Shapefile数据文件的快捷无损转换,在项目生产中具有实际意义与推广价值.

  12. The Methods of Generating Technical Documents Based on AutoCAD%AutoCAD图样的技术文档生成方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯申; 冯云飞

    2010-01-01

    工程技术文档大多是由文本和工程图样组成的.论述了如何在Word技术文档中导入AutoCAD工程图样的具体方法,以及在工程图样中如何加入文字的方法.所述方法有较强的实用价值.

  13. AutoCAD 2015 and AutoCAD LT 2015 bible

    CERN Document Server

    Finkelstein, Ellen

    2014-01-01

    The perfect reference for all AutoCAD users AutoCAD 2015 and AutoCAD LT 2015 Bible is the book you want to have close at hand to answer those day-to-day questions about this industry-leading software. Author and Autodesk University instructor Ellen Finkelstein guides readers through AutoCAD 2015 and AutoCAD LT 2015 with clear, easy-to-understand instruction and hands-on tutorials that allow even total beginners to create a design on their very first day. Although simple and fundamental enough to be used by those new to CAD, the book is so comprehensive that even Autodesk power u

  14. Auto-associative nanoelectronic neural network

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nogueira, C. P. S. M.; Guimarães, J. G. [Departamento de Engenharia Elétrica - Laboratório de Dispositivos e Circuito Integrado, Universidade de Brasília, CP 4386, CEP 70904-970 Brasília DF (Brazil)

    2014-05-15

    In this paper, an auto-associative neural network using single-electron tunneling (SET) devices is proposed and simulated at low temperature. The nanoelectronic auto-associative network is able to converge to a stable state, previously stored during training. The recognition of the pattern involves decreasing the energy of the input state until it achieves a point of local minimum energy, which corresponds to one of the stored patterns.

  15. The Research on AutoCAD AutomaticallyL oad VBA Program%AutoCAD 自动加载 VBA 程序研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏磊; 田磊

    2015-01-01

    VBA语言是进行AutoCAD二次开发的重要手段之一。本文主要探讨了AutoCAD平台下如何自动加载VBA程序,详细介绍了当前常用的自动加载VBA程序的方法,对这些方法在使用过程中的优点和局限性进行了对比分析,最后引入了使用代码操作注册表加载VBA程序的方法。%VBA language is an important means of secondary development of CAD.The paper discussed the question about how to load VBA program Automatically in AutoCAD platform, and detailed description of several methods currently used Automatically load VBA program, compared and analyzed the advantages and limitations of these methods in the course,finally introduced how to use the registry method to load the VBA program.

  16. Preliminary study on auto-electrodeposition of copper, cadmium, nickel, and cobalt in acid and glycerol medium

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.G. Viswanath

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Electrodeposition can be carried out even without corresponding metal ions in the solution, but the respective metal electrode acts as anode. This process is called auto-electrodeposition. It occurs under similar conditions applied for electrowinning or electrodeposition. The electrochemical mechanism of electrowinning and autoelectrodeposition is suggested. Hydroxyl ions play very important role in this process. In this process, a black loss deposit is formed on the anode metal. The autoelectrodeposition is combination of electrodissolution process and electrowinning process.

  17. Strategic Alliance Decision-Making for the Auto Industry Base on an Integrate DEA and GM(1,1 Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nan Wang

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Strategic alliance promotes enterprise resources sharing and enhances the competitiveness of the marketplace. Therefore, finding a mutually beneficial partner to make a strategic alliance is an important issue for various industries. The aim of this paper is to propose a suitable method based on Grey theory and Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA. A method predicts future business and measure operation efficiency, by the use of critical input and output variables. From this, firms can find out their appropriate candidates. This research was implemented with realistic public data from four consecutive financial years (2009-2012 of twenty Auto Manufactures. The study tries to help target firm find the right alliance partners. The results show the most priori candidates in recent years. The study will be of interest for managers of Auto Manufacture in utilizing alliance strategy.

  18. Real-Time Dedispersion for Fast Radio Transient Surveys, using Auto Tuning on Many-Core Accelerators

    CERN Document Server

    Sclocco, Alessio; Bal, Henri E; van Nieuwpoort, Rob V

    2016-01-01

    Dedispersion, the removal of deleterious smearing of impulsive signals by the interstellar matter, is one of the most intensive processing steps in any radio survey for pulsars and fast transients. We here present a study of the parallelization of this algorithm on many-core accelerators, including GPUs from AMD and NVIDIA, and the Intel Xeon Phi. We find that dedispersion is inherently memory-bound. Even in a perfect scenario, hardware limitations keep the arithmetic intensity low, thus limiting performance. We next exploit auto-tuning to adapt dedispersion to different accelerators, observations, and even telescopes. We demonstrate that the optimal settings differ between observational setups, and that auto-tuning significantly improves performance. This impacts time-domain surveys from Apertif to SKA.

  19. Real-time dedispersion for fast radio transient surveys, using auto tuning on many-core accelerators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sclocco, A.; van Leeuwen, J.; Bal, H. E.; van Nieuwpoort, R. V.

    2016-01-01

    Dedispersion, the removal of deleterious smearing of impulsive signals by the interstellar matter, is one of the most intensive processing steps in any radio survey for pulsars and fast transients. We here present a study of the parallelization of this algorithm on many-core accelerators, including GPUs from AMD and NVIDIA, and the Intel Xeon Phi. We find that dedispersion is inherently memory-bound. Even in a perfect scenario, hardware limitations keep the arithmetic intensity low, thus limiting performance. We next exploit auto-tuning to adapt dedispersion to different accelerators, observations, and even telescopes. We demonstrate that the optimal settings differ between observational setups, and that auto-tuning significantly improves performance. This impacts time-domain surveys from Apertif to SKA.

  20. An Imbalanced Data Classification Algorithm of De-noising Auto-Encoder Neural Network Based on SMOTE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhang Chenggang

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Imbalanced data classification problem has always been one of the hot issues in the field of machine learning. Synthetic minority over-sampling technique (SMOTE is a classical approach to balance datasets, but it may give rise to such problem as noise. Stacked De-noising Auto-Encoder neural network (SDAE, can effectively reduce data redundancy and noise through unsupervised layer-wise greedy learning. Aiming at the shortcomings of SMOTE algorithm when synthesizing new minority class samples, the paper proposed a Stacked De-noising Auto-Encoder neural network algorithm based on SMOTE, SMOTE-SDAE, which is aimed to deal with imbalanced data classification. The proposed algorithm is not only able to synthesize new minority class samples, but it also can de-noise and classify the sampled data. Experimental results show that compared with traditional algorithms, SMOTE-SDAE significantly improves the minority class classification accuracy of the imbalanced datasets.

  1. Resource-Efficient, Hierarchical Auto-Tuning of a Hybrid Lattice Boltzmann Computation on the Cray XT4

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We apply auto-tuning to a hybrid MPI-pthreads lattice Boltzmann computation running on the Cray XT4 at National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC). Previous work showed that multicore-specific auto-tuning can improve the performance of lattice Boltzmann magnetohydrodynamics (LBMHD) by a factor of 4x when running on dual- and quad-core Opteron dual-socket SMPs. We extend these studies to the distributed memory arena via a hybrid MPI/pthreads implementation. In addition to conventional auto-tuning at the local SMP node, we tune at the message-passing level to determine the optimal aspect ratio as well as the correct balance between MPI tasks and threads per MPI task. Our study presents a detailed performance analysis when moving along an isocurve of constant hardware usage: fixed total memory, total cores, and total nodes. Overall, our work points to approaches for improving intra- and inter-node efficiency on large-scale multicore systems for demanding scientific applications

  2. 自联想记忆神经网络研究%Research on Auto-Associative Memory Neural Networks

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王传栋; 杨雁莹

    2011-01-01

    As an important artificial neural network,auto-associative memory model (AM) can be employed to mimic human thinking and machine intelligence, which has massively parallel distributed configuration and content-addressable ability. In this paper,introduce in detail the Hopficid Associative Memory (HAM) neural network which has yielded a great impact on the development of auto-associative memory model, and analyze HAM's strongpoint and drawback. Secondly, focusing on the existing relevant research literatures,present a survey of auto-nssociative memory models from the three aspects such as learning algorithm, network architecture and practical application; Finally,summarize the main question which auto-associative tnemory models are faced with at present, and forecast its future development tendency.%自联想记忆神经网络能模拟人脑思维和机器智能,具有信息分布式存储和内容可寻址访问的重要特征,是人工神经网络研究的一个重要分支.介绍了开创自联想记忆神经网络研究先河的Hopfield联想记忆神经网络模型,分析了该模型的优缺点;然后在系统分析现有自联想记忆神经网络相关研究文献的基础上,从学习算法、体系结构和应用领域三个方面对自联想记忆神经网络的研究进展进行了归纳阐述;总结了自联想记忆神经网络目前存在的主要问题,并且预测了其未来的发展趋势.

  3. Sales Training: Effects of Spaced Practice on Training Transfer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kauffeld, Simone; Lehmann-Willenbrock, Nale

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: The benefits of spaced training over massed training practice are well established in the laboratory setting. In a field study design with sales trainings, the purpose of this paper is to investigate the effects of spaced compared with massed practice on transfer quantity and quality, sales competence, and key figures.…

  4. Study on a multi-brand auto distribution network serving multiple cities to minimize the total distribution cost

    OpenAIRE

    Balaña Pedrol, Elena

    2013-01-01

    The current research project consists of minimizing the total cost of an auto dealership supply chain management system that provides two auto brands for five major industrial cities in the Great Lake Area of the United States. The two auto brands are Ford and Chrysler. The five major cities are Chicago, Detroit, Indianapolis, St. Louis, and Cincinnati. The total cost includes transportation cost from auto assembly plants to individual cities, along with warehouse cost and/or transshipment co...

  5. Chinese Auto's Production & Sales Dropped on a Month-on-month Basis in October%Chinese Auto's Production & Sales Dropped on a Month-on-month Basis in October

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ming Xuan

    2011-01-01

    In October, the production and sales of Chinese auto de- creased a little compared with that of last month, with most auto models worse than that of last month; the production and sale were over 15 million units from January to October, which dropped a little of the month-on-month growth compared with that of 9 months before. Details are as follows:

  6. 基于Moodle平台的AutoCAD绘制公共空间装饰平面图教学设计%The Teaching Design of AutoCAD Drawing Public Space Decoration Plan Based on the Moodle Platform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王艳梅

    2015-01-01

    This article sets forth the definition,function and advantages in teaching design based on the Moodle Platform. Creating informational learning environment based on the Moodle Platform provides almost all daily teaching activities that we can think of. It not only changes the traditional teaching methods ,but also lays the foundation for efficiently carrying out classroom teaching activities. The writer takes the teaching design for example , in drawing a decorative plan of public space with AutoCAD. Depending on the Moodle Platform ,the teacher focuses on four teaching modules:project resource design,project collaboration activity design,interactive project activity design and the evaluation & management for students ,to build up a practical teaching platform and to receive a better teaching effect in teaching architectural ornament AutoCAD.%文章阐述了Moodle的含义、功能以及基于Moodle平台进行教学设计的优点。基于Moodle平台的信息化学习环境创设,提供了几乎所有能够想到的日常教学活动,它改变了传统的教学方式,为课堂教学活动的高效实施奠定了基础。作者以AutoCAD绘制公共空间装饰平面图教学设计为例,依托Moodle平台,着重打造项目资源设计、项目协作式活动设计、项目交互式活动设计和学生评价与管理设计4个教学模块,建立实用的网络教学平台,期望建筑装饰AutoCAD课程教学能取得更好的教学效果。

  7. Experimental Research on the Laser Cyclotron Auto-Resonance Accelerator “LACARA”

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marshall, T C

    2008-11-11

    The Laser Cyclotron Auto-Resonant Accelerator LACARA has successfully operated this year. Results are summarized, an interpretation of operating data is provided in the body of the report, and recommendations are made how the experiment should be carried forward. The Appendix A contains a description of the LACARA apparatus, currently installed at the Accelerator Test Facility, Brookhaven National Laboratory. This report summarizes the project, extending over three grant-years.

  8. A report on European and Japanese auto-parts makers in the UK

    OpenAIRE

    青木, 克生||アオキ, カツキ||Aoki, Katsuki

    2008-01-01

    The concept of Kaizen or Continuous Improvement (CI) is considered to be the essence of Japanese automotive production and management. However, as many people suggested, it is not easy to implement Kaizen in countries outside of Japan. The main aims of this report are to show Kaizen practices by both European and Japanese auto-parts makers in the UK, and also to compare these two practices so that it leads to a richer understanding of the Kaizen implementation in the UK.

  9. Design and Research on Auto-vending Machine for Cupped Beverage

    OpenAIRE

    Xiaowei Jiang; Yonghong Sun

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this research is to design an auto-vending machine for cupped beverage, specifically researching its working principle, the design of beverage powder transporting mechanism, paper cups detaching mechanism and paper cups slide mechanism. The article elaborates that the design of beverage powder transporting mechanism is mainly the selection of electromagnet and the determination of electromagnet stroke, requiring that the electromagnet stroke and the maximum weight that the electrom...

  10. PERFORMING [AUTO] ETHNOGRAPHY POLITICALLY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Norman K. Denzin

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Building on earlier arguments, I propose a civic, publicly responsable [auto] ethnography that addresses the central issues of self, race, gender, class, society, and democracy.  I begin with pedagogies of hope and the sociological and ethnographic imaginations.  I turn then to the ethnographer and cultural studies, reviewing several models of critical ethnography. I next examine critical performance pedagogy, politics, and critical race theory, and conclude with a brief discussion of the practices of a performative cultural politics.

  11. Design of Engineering Drawing Intelligent Grouping System Based on AutoCAD%基于AutoCAD的工程制图智能组卷系统的设计∗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈英; 李守英

    2014-01-01

    针对工程制图试题的复杂性与多样性,结合工程制图的特点和 AutoCAD的优势,明确试题库的主要内容,深入分析工程制图智能组卷系统的功能需求和可行性,并合理选择开发工具,包括Visual Studio 2008开发平台和SQL Server 2005数据库,确定 AutoCAD二次开发接口。在此基础上设计开发用户管理、题库管理、组卷、排版、学生练习以及试卷管理等模块,促进工程制图试题的科学化管理。%According to the complexity and diversity of engineering drawing test questions,combined with the characteristics of engineering drawing and advantages of AutoCAD,clear the main content of test ques-tions library,the paper analyzes the functional requirements and feasibility of intelligent grouping system of engineering drawing deeply,and chooses the development tools reasonably,including Visual Studio 2008 and SQL Server 2005,determines the secondary development interface of AutoCAD.On the base of those, the paper designs and develops user management,question bank management,test paper,typesetting, students practice and test management module,and promotes the scientific management of engineering drawing test.

  12. Auto immune hepatitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Gerven, Nicole Mf; de Boer, Ynto S; Mulder, Chris Jj; van Nieuwkerk, Carin Mj; Bouma, Gerd

    2016-05-21

    To provide an update of the latest trends in epidemiology, clinical course, diagnostics, complications and treatment of auto immune hepatitis (AIH). A search of the MEDLINE database was performed using the search terms: "auto immune hepatitis", "clinical presentation", "symptoms", "signs", "diagnosis", "auto antibodies", "laboratory values", "serology", "histopathology", "histology", "genetics", "HLA genes", "non-HLA genes", "environment", "epidemiology", "prevalence", "incidence", "demographics", "complications", "HCC", "PBC", "PSC", "corticosteroid", "therapy", "treatment", "alternative treatment". English-language full-text articles and abstracts were considered. Articles included reviews, meta-analysis, prospective retrospective studies. No publication date restrictions were applied. AIH is an immune meditated progressive inflammatory liver disease that predominantly affects middle-aged females but may affect people of all ages. The clinical spectrum of AIH is wide, ranging from absent or mild symptoms to fulminant hepatic failure. The aetiology of AIH is still unknown, but is believed to occur as the consequence of an aberrant immune response towards an un-known trigger in a genetically susceptible host. In the absence of a gold standard, diagnosis is based on the combination of clinical, biochemical and histopathological criteria. Immunosuppressive treatment has been the cornerstone of treatment since the earliest description of the disease in 1950 by Waldenström. Such treatment is often successful at inducing remission and generally leads to normal life expectancy. Nevertheless, there remain significant areas of unmet aetiological a clinical needs including fundamental insight in disease pathogenesis, optimal therapy, duration of treatment and treatment alternatives in those patients unresponsive to standard treatment regimens. PMID:27217697

  13. AutoCAD 2015 and AutoCAD LT 2015

    CERN Document Server

    Gladfelter, Donnie

    2014-01-01

    Learn AutoCAD by example with this tutorial-based guide from Autodesk Official Press Whether you are just starting out or an experienced user wanting to brush up on your skills, this Autodesk Official Press book provides you with concise explanations, focused examples, and step-by-step instructions through a hands-on tutorial project that runs throughout the book. As you progress through the project, the book introduces you to the Microsoft Windows-based AutoCAD interface and then guides you through basic commands and creating drawings. A downloadable file is available from the website so that

  14. 75 FR 65524 - United Auto Workers Local 1999, Oklahoma City, OK; Notice of Negative Determination Regarding...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-25

    ... Employment and Training Administration United Auto Workers Local 1999, Oklahoma City, OK; Notice of Negative.... The Notice of determination was published in the Federal Register on January 25, 2010 (75 FR 3939... production at the General Motors sport utility vehicle (SUV), Oklahoma City, Oklahoma plant, as alleged...

  15. Training courses on radiation protection

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Many Member States are developing or already have developed their own national training programmes. The IAEA is actively involved in promoting training in radiological protection, and this report has been prepared to provide the guidance that may be required in this development. The original version of the report on this subject was published in 1964 as Technical Reports Series No. 31 entitled ''Training in Radiological Protection: Curricula and Programming''. In 1975 a second version was published entitled ''Training in Radiological Protection for Nuclear Programmes'' as Technical Reports Series No. 166. This publication is intended mainly for use by persons who are responsible for organizing training programmes in radiation protection. It also reflects the policy of the Agency to have continuing standardized training in radiation protection. In addition to a small change in the title of the report, some concepts and ideas which are no longer applicable have been omitted and new information included. An important part of this report is the list of courses now offered in many Member States

  16. Lens auto-centering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lamontagne, Frédéric; Desnoyers, Nichola; Doucet, Michel; Côté, Patrice; Gauvin, Jonny; Anctil, Geneviève; Tremblay, Mathieu

    2015-09-01

    In a typical optical system, optical elements usually need to be precisely positioned and aligned to perform the correct optical function. This positioning and alignment involves securing the optical element in a holder or mount. Proper centering of an optical element with respect to the holder is a delicate operation that generally requires tight manufacturing tolerances or active alignment, resulting in costly optical assemblies. To optimize optical performance and minimize manufacturing cost, there is a need for a lens mounting method that could relax manufacturing tolerance, reduce assembly time and provide high centering accuracy. This paper presents a patent pending lens mounting method developed at INO that can be compared to the drop-in technique for its simplicity while providing the level of accuracy close to that achievable with techniques using a centering machine (usually innovative auto-centering method is based on the use of geometrical relationship between the lens diameter, the lens radius of curvature and the thread angle of the retaining ring. The autocentering principle and centering test results performed on real optical assemblies are presented. In addition to the low assembly time, high centering accuracy, and environmental robustness, the INO auto-centering method has the advantage of relaxing lens and barrel bore diameter tolerances as well as lens wedge tolerances. The use of this novel lens mounting method significantly reduces manufacturing and assembly costs for high performance optical systems. Large volume productions would especially benefit from this advancement in precision lens mounting, potentially providing a drastic cost reduction.

  17. MOLA: a bootable, self-configuring system for virtual screening using AutoDock4/Vina on computer clusters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abreu Rui MV

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Virtual screening of small molecules using molecular docking has become an important tool in drug discovery. However, large scale virtual screening is time demanding and usually requires dedicated computer clusters. There are a number of software tools that perform virtual screening using AutoDock4 but they require access to dedicated Linux computer clusters. Also no software is available for performing virtual screening with Vina using computer clusters. In this paper we present MOLA, an easy-to-use graphical user interface tool that automates parallel virtual screening using AutoDock4 and/or Vina in bootable non-dedicated computer clusters. Implementation MOLA automates several tasks including: ligand preparation, parallel AutoDock4/Vina jobs distribution and result analysis. When the virtual screening project finishes, an open-office spreadsheet file opens with the ligands ranked by binding energy and distance to the active site. All results files can automatically be recorded on an USB-flash drive or on the hard-disk drive using VirtualBox. MOLA works inside a customized Live CD GNU/Linux operating system, developed by us, that bypass the original operating system installed on the computers used in the cluster. This operating system boots from a CD on the master node and then clusters other computers as slave nodes via ethernet connections. Conclusion MOLA is an ideal virtual screening tool for non-experienced users, with a limited number of multi-platform heterogeneous computers available and no access to dedicated Linux computer clusters. When a virtual screening project finishes, the computers can just be restarted to their original operating system. The originality of MOLA lies on the fact that, any platform-independent computer available can he added to the cluster, without ever using the computer hard-disk drive and without interfering with the installed operating system. With a cluster of 10 processors, and a

  18. Query auto completion in information retrieval

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fei Cai

    2016-01-01

    Query auto completion is an important feature embedded into today's search engines. It can help users formulate queries which other people have searched for when he/she finishes typing the query prefix. Today's most sophisticated query auto completion approaches are based on the collected query logs

  19. Statistical early-warning indicators based on Auto-Regressive Moving-Average processes

    CERN Document Server

    Faranda, Davide; Dubrulle, Bérengère

    2014-01-01

    We address the problem of defining early warning indicators of critical transition. To this purpose, we fit the relevant time series through a class of linear models, known as Auto-Regressive Moving-Average (ARMA(p,q)) models. We define two indicators representing the total order and the total persistence of the process, linked, respectively, to the shape and to the characteristic decay time of the autocorrelation function of the process. We successfully test the method to detect transitions in a Langevin model and a 2D Ising model with nearest-neighbour interaction. We then apply the method to complex systems, namely for dynamo thresholds and financial crisis detection.

  20. Contrasting cultures’ impact on international mergers/acquisitions in auto industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张鹏飞

    2012-01-01

      This research seeks to investigate the extent to which cultural differences lead to IMAs’ failures, and to identify the primary factors result in IMAs’ failures from cultural perspective. The research has critically analyzed contrasting cultures’ influence to IMAs’ failures and discovered other determinants, which pinpoints the potential problems in IMAs in auto industry. The literature review chapter allows relevant literatures like Hofstede’s framework to be selected in current research. It is proved that cultural difference; national culture in particular, is just a necessary variable to IMAs’ failures but not the only determinant.

  1. Support Vector Regression Model Based on Empirical Mode Decomposition and Auto Regression for Electric Load Forecasting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hong-Juan Li

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Electric load forecasting is an important issue for a power utility, associated with the management of daily operations such as energy transfer scheduling, unit commitment, and load dispatch. Inspired by strong non-linear learning capability of support vector regression (SVR, this paper presents a SVR model hybridized with the empirical mode decomposition (EMD method and auto regression (AR for electric load forecasting. The electric load data of the New South Wales (Australia market are employed for comparing the forecasting performances of different forecasting models. The results confirm the validity of the idea that the proposed model can simultaneously provide forecasting with good accuracy and interpretability.

  2. Auto-JacoBin: Auto-encoder Jacobian Binary Hashing

    OpenAIRE

    Fu, Xiping; McCane, Brendan; Mills, Steven; Albert, Michael; Szymanski, Lech

    2016-01-01

    Binary codes can be used to speed up nearest neighbor search tasks in large scale data sets as they are efficient for both storage and retrieval. In this paper, we propose a robust auto-encoder model that preserves the geometric relationships of high-dimensional data sets in Hamming space. This is done by considering a noise-removing function in a region surrounding the manifold where the training data points lie. This function is defined with the property that it projects the data points nea...

  3. Directly Generating the NC Machining Program from AutoCAD Graph

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    One kind of auto-programming method directly gener at ing the NC machining program by AutoCAD graph is discussed in this article. Firs tly, the article discusses the open type graphic interface of AutoCAD. Then the graphic export among the AutoCAD, the adding of process information and the data storage, as well as technology of generating NC program has been introduced . Finally, a NC auto-programming system GAPS based on AutoCAD graph is develope d. The tendency of auto-programming is graphic auto-pro...

  4. The Example to Application of the Project Teaching Method in the Course of AutoCAD%例说项目教学法在AutoCAD课程中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何国辉

    2013-01-01

    This paper, which mainly takes the teaching process of the knowledge of mechanical parts in AutoCAD drawing as an example, discusses the application of the project teaching method. Through the application effect in the course of AutoCAD, this paper focuses on the teaching principle of the project teach-ing method, which is training mainly by theory, intensive.%  本文主要以AutoCAD中机械装配图的画法这一知识点的教学过程为例,对项目教学法的应用进行探讨。通过在AutoCAD课程中的应用效果,重点阐述了项目教学法的实训为主、理论为辅、精讲多练的教学原则。

  5. An Investigation of Multipath Effects on the GPS System During Auto-Rendezvous and Capture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richie, James E.; Forest, Francis W.

    1995-01-01

    The proposed use of a Cargo Transport Vehicle (CTV) to carry hardware to the Space Station Freedom (SSF) during the construction phase of the SSF project requires remote maneuvering of the CTV. The CTV is not a manned vehicle. Obtaining the relative positions of the CTV and SSF for remote auto-rendezvous and capture (AR&C) scenarios will rely heavily on the Global Positioning System (GPS). The GPS system is expected to guide the CTV up to a distance of 100 to 300 meters from the SSF. At some point within this range, an optical docking system will take over the remote guidance for capture. During any remote guidance by GPS it is possible that significant multipath signals may be caused by large objects in the vicinity of the module being remotely guided. This could alter the position obtained by the GPS system from the actual position. Due to the nature of the GPS signals, it has been estimated that if the difference in distance between the Line of Sight (LOS) path and the multipath is greater than 300 meters, the GPS system is capable of discriminating between the direct signal and the reflected (or multipath) signal. However, if the path difference is less than 300 meters, one must be concerned. This report details the work accomplished by the Electromagnetic Simulations Laboratory at Marquette University over the period December 1993 to May 1995. This work is an investigation of the strength and phase of a multipath signal arriving at the CTV relative to the direct or line of sight (LOS) signal. The signal originates at a GPS satellite in half geo-stationary orbit and takes two paths to the CTV: (1) the direct or LOS path from the GPS satellite to the CTV; and (2) a scattered path from the GPS satellite to the SSF module and then to the CTV. The scattering from a cylinder has been computed using the physical optics approximation for the current. No other approximations or assumptions have been made including no assumptions regarding the far field or Fresnel field

  6. Training Artisans On-Site

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edoghogho Ogbeifun

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The decline in apprenticeship in both the public and private sectors, the increasing use of sub-contractors as well as the uncoordinated approach in the informal sector are contributing factors to the shortage of skilled artisans in the construction industry. Artisans training can be introduced and implemented through the adoption of progressive implementation of construction processes commencing work from areas requiring low skill demands to areas of high skill demand. The success of this principle hinges on the collaborative effort of the key project stakeholders. The client should be willing to absorb extra cost and delays in the project; the design and contract documentation should facilitate on-site training, and  the consultant actively guide the contractor and the construction processes to achieve the training objectives. The exploratory research method was adopted in this study and research revealed that this principle was used in a project in the UK and in the development of infrastructure in the tourism industry of South Africa .It is being recommended that the principle be adapted by the public sector for the development of small size infrastructures that can be repeated in many places. This will boost the quality and quantity of artisans, enhance employability, reduce rural urban migration and alleviate poverty.Keywords: Skilled artisans, on-site training, progressive construction processes, project stakeholders, contract documentation. 

  7. Research on Auto Test Management System%自动测试管理系统研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李涛; 王斌; 张强

    2012-01-01

    For the purpose of auto test management system development, electronic measurement instrument 10 interface is analyzed, and a general object-oriented encapsulation method for virtual instrument software function model is proposed . Then, instrument synchronization control solutions are described, and an auto test management system structure is presented. Lastly, based on BLOB, a method to store and retrieve unstructured data such as frequency spectrum data is proposed.%针对电子测试管理系统开发的需要,总结了电子测试仪器的IO接口驱动方法,给出了采用面向对象技术对仪器控制模型进行封装和操作的一般方法,总结了测试系统中软件同步控制的几种方法,给出了专用测试管理系统软件的通用结构,提出了采用数据库BLOB字段对频谱数据等无结构大型数据进行存储管理的方法.

  8. Acoustic analysis of lightweight auto-body based on finite element method and boundary element method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIANG Xinhua; ZHU Ping; LIN Zhongqin; ZHANG Yan

    2007-01-01

    A lightweight automotive prototype using alter- native materials and gauge thickness is studied by a numeri- cal method. The noise, vibration, and harshness (NVH) performance is the main target of this study. In the range of 1-150 Hz, the frequency response function (FRF) of the body structure is calculated by a finite element method (FEM) to get the dynamic behavior of the auto-body structure. The pressure response of the interior acoustic domain is solved by a boundary element method (BEM). To find the most contrib- uting panel to the inner sound pressure, the panel acoustic contribution analysis (PACA) is performed. Finally, the most contributing panel is located and the resulting structural optimization is found to be more efficient.

  9. Influence of fuel ratios on auto combustion synthesis of barium ferrite nano particles

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    D Bahadur; S Rajakumar; Ankit Kumar

    2006-01-01

    Single-domain barium ferrite nano particles have been synthesized with narrow particle-size distribution using an auto combustion technique. In this process, citric acid was used as a fuel. Ratios of cation to fuel were maintained variously at 1 : 1, 1 : 2 and 1 : 3. The pH was 7 in all cases. Of all three cases, a cation to citric acid ratio of 1 : 2 gives better yield in the formation of crystalline and single domain particles with a narrow range of size distribution. Most particles are in the range of 80 to 100 nm. Maximum magnetization and coercivity values are also greater for 1 : 2 ratios. These values measured at room temperature are found to be 55 emu/gram and 5000 Oe respectively. XPS and ESR studies support the results.

  10. AUTO_IDENTIFICATION OF FOREST FIRE_POINTS IN NOAA IMAGES BASED ON NEURAL NETWORK

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    Identification of forest fire_points in NOAA images is the basis of mon itoring forest fire using NOAA satellite data.Traditional visual interpretation is difficult to settle for auto_identification with computer.The artificial ne ural network technique provides a new means for solving this problem.In this pa per,the principles and method of using neural network technique to automaticall y identify fire_points in NOAA images are discussed and the test in the range of Hubei province is presented.The result of the test shows that the disciplined neural network has collected the character of fire_points and has ability to i dentify fire_points in NOAA images.Comparing neural network with visual interpr etation,the conclusion is drawn that by using neural network the purpose of aut o_identification of forest fire_points in NOAA images can be realized with the a lmost same precision.

  11. 便携式汽车雨刮器故障检测教学实训箱的设计%Design of the Portable Auto Wiper Fault Detection Teaching Practical Training Box

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶燕帅; 蒋小波; 李春青; 曾均颖; 阙家帅

    2015-01-01

    In order to improve the automotive repair training teaching efifciency and teaching quality, in-depth study of the automobile wiper fault detection and diagnosis technology and Practical teaching organization process, design and develop a lightweight portable, complete function, convenient used portable Auto wiper fault detection teaching Practical training box. From the aspects of functional design, to the practical training box structure design and teaching use is discussed, explore the design ideas and development method of the teaching aids.%为了提高汽车维修实训的教学效率和教学质量,深入研究汽车雨刮器的故障检测与诊断技术和实训教学组织过程,设计开发了轻巧便携、功能齐全、方便教学使用的汽车雨刮器故障检测教学实训箱。从实训箱的功能设计、结构设计和教学使用几个方面进行论述,探讨教学教具研究设计思路和开发方法。

  12. 基于AutoLisp齿轮参数化绘图命令的二次开发%Secondary development of gear parametric drawing commands based on AutoLisp

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡志刚; 常丰森

    2014-01-01

    In this paper,Lisp secondary development of gear parametric drawing system in machine design was analysed,developing steps for global functional design was given which comprised the self definition method of user interface of gear drawing commands,developing steps of parametric drawing commands of cylindrical,bevel and worm gear and basic dimensions & parameters input method.It was given that the dialogue box DCL definition of parametric entering interface of single gear and mesh drawing,the programme design method of secondary development of parametric drawing commands based on AutoLisp was delivered with some key program sections given,an instance application about gear parametric drawing was made to identify the programme running result.%对机械设计中常用的齿轮参数化绘图系统的Lisp二次开发进行了分析,给出了整体功能设计的开发步骤,涵盖了齿轮绘图命令用户界面的自定义方法,基于AutoLisp圆柱齿轮、圆锥齿轮和蜗轮蜗杆参数化绘图命令的设计思路和基本尺寸参数输入方式几个方面;给出了基于DCL语言的单个齿轮零件图和齿轮啮合图的对话框参数输入界面的设计和基于AutoLisp参数化绘图命令二次开发的程序设计方法及关键程序段,并给出具体的应用实例。

  13. Auto covariance computer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hepner, T. E.; Meyers, J. F. (Inventor)

    1985-01-01

    A laser velocimeter covariance processor which calculates the auto covariance and cross covariance functions for a turbulent flow field based on Poisson sampled measurements in time from a laser velocimeter is described. The device will process a block of data that is up to 4096 data points in length and return a 512 point covariance function with 48-bit resolution along with a 512 point histogram of the interarrival times which is used to normalize the covariance function. The device is designed to interface and be controlled by a minicomputer from which the data is received and the results returned. A typical 4096 point computation takes approximately 1.5 seconds to receive the data, compute the covariance function, and return the results to the computer.

  14. 基于AutoCAD的鞋类均质材料排料系统研究%Research on AutoCAD-based Layout System of Footwear Homogeneous Materials

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周素静

    2013-01-01

    at present,the enterprise in order to adapt to the current made shoes fierce competition market,improve the footwear production efficiency,reduce cost,shoemaking enterprise has gradually will computer aided technology used in the process of discharge again to foreign and domestic footwear CAD software related discharge problems on the basis of application and research,combined with the discharge theory,the effective use of the minimum envelope principle of moment,at the same time analyzed the footwear homogeneous material process computer realization method,the use of Visual LISP programming language in about Auto-CAD,realize effective tried about Auto-CAD in footwear homogeneous material discharge system,the application of this system achieve the desired results,is needed to discharge the most basic function and function.%  目前造鞋企业为了适应当前激烈的竞争市场,提高鞋品生产效率,降低成本,制鞋企业已经逐渐将计算机辅助技术使用在排料的过程中,在国外和国内鞋类CAD软件中相关的排料问题的应用及研究的基础之上,结合排料理论,有效地使用最小包络矩原理,分析了鞋类均质材料过程中计算机实现方法,使用Visual LISP编程语言在Auto-CAD中实现,有效地尝试了Auto-CAD在鞋类均质材料排料系统中的应用,此系统达到了预期效果,具有排料所需最基本的作用和功能。

  15. 城市道路交通对汽车产业的影响%The Influence of Urban Road Traffic on Auto Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏秉瑞

    2014-01-01

    This article mainly discusses the development current situation of urban road traffic, the promotion of auto industry for the development urban road traffic and the pro-motion of urban road traffic for auto industry, and compreh-ensive analyzes and forecasts the effects of urban road traffic on the auto industry.%本文围绕我国城市道路交通发展现状、汽车产业对于城市交通道路发展的促进作用、城市交通道路对汽车产业的促进作用三大方面展开讨论,对城市道路交通对汽车产业的影响进行了全面地分析和预测。

  16. AutoBin

    OpenAIRE

    Salin, Franck

    2010-01-01

    AutoBin is an Excel Macro written in Microsoft Visual Basic (VBA). It automatically analyzes raw data generated from microsatellites genotyping software such as STRand (Toonen et al., 2001) or GeneMapper (Applied Biosystems, USA). AutoBin has been developed by Franck Salin. It can deal with unlimited number of loci and samples, with no consideration of the type of SSRs motifs. AutoBin helps the user to bin his data with visual alerts and format automatically the data for downstream analysis.

  17. Study on Flexible Application of CHM Help File under AutoCAD Platform%CHM帮助文件在AutoCAD平台下灵活运用的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔博

    2013-01-01

    基于AutoCAD平台进行二次开发,将各种工程规范制作成CHM帮助文件形式,通过对AutoCAD自定义菜单的制作,将帮助文件加载入AutoCAD界面,实现在cad平台下直接调用各种规范.

  18. Tagaotsitav "Auto" / Kristiina Vaarik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaarik, Kristiina

    2001-01-01

    Chris O'Connelli "Auto" Vanemuises, lavastaja Mark Babych. Etendusele tegid muusika ansamblist Bizarre tuntud muusikud Tristan Priimägi ja Lauri Liivak, kes artiklis sellest räägivad. Esietendus 2. detsembril 2000

  19. On-Board Training for US Payloads

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murphy, Benjamin; Meacham, Steven (Technical Monitor)

    2001-01-01

    The International Space Station (ISS) crew follows a training rotation schedule that puts them in the United States about every three months for a three-month training window. While in the US, the crew receives training on both ISS systems and payloads. Crew time is limited, and system training takes priority over payload training. For most flights, there is sufficient time to train all systems and payloads. As more payloads are flown, training time becomes a more precious resource. Less training time requires payload developers (PDs) to develop alternatives to traditional ground training. To ensure their payloads have sufficient training to achieve their scientific goals, some PDs have developed on-board trainers (OBTs). These OBTs are used to train the crew when no or limited ground time is available. These lessons are also available on-orbit to refresh the crew about their ground training, if it was available. There are many types of OBT media, such as on-board computer based training (OCBT), video/photo lessons, or hardware simulators. The On-Board Training Working Group (OBTWG) and Courseware Development Working Group (CDWG) are responsible for developing the requirements for the different types of media.

  20. Inventory on cleaner production education and training

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Michael Søgaard; Pöyry, Sirkka; Huisingh, Donald;

    Analysis and presentation of the data from an international inventory on cleaner production education and training......Analysis and presentation of the data from an international inventory on cleaner production education and training...

  1. Generalizacija linija i AutoCAD Map

    OpenAIRE

    Vučetić, Nada; Lapaine, Miljenko

    2001-01-01

    The paper offers the results of original research made on the application of AutoCAD Map in line generalisation. The differences and similarities have been found out between the Douglas-Peucker method and the method of line simplification that is incorporated in AutoCAD Map. There have been also the inaccuracies found out in AutoCAD Map manual relating to the issues of buffer width and tolerance, and the line width before and after simplification. The paper gives recommendations about pseudo ...

  2. Line Generalization and AutoCAD Map

    OpenAIRE

    Nada Vučetić; Miljenko Lapaine

    2001-01-01

    The paper offers the results of original research made on the application of AutoCAD Map in line generalisation. The differences and similarities have been found out between the Douglas-Peucker method and the method of line simplification that is incorporated in AutoCAD Map. There have been also the inaccuracies found out in AutoCAD Map manual relating to the issues of buffer width and tolerance, and the line width before and after simplification. The paper gives recommendations about pseudo ...

  3. 基于AutoCAD的箱包结构设计插件的研发与应用%Research on the Box Structure Design Plug-in Based on the AutoCAD and Its Application Prospect

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王立新; 邓星亮; 周喜旺; 周意斐

    2013-01-01

    Application effect and application technology of softwares for different case and bag design were compared. The advantages of AutoCAD for case and bag structural design were analyzed. The feasibility of AutoCAD plug-in development and its application prospects in case and bag design were presented in details.%比较研究了现行箱包设计软件的应用现状和应用技术,分析了AutoCAD在箱包结构设计中运用的优势,详细论述了AutoCAD插件开发的可行性及在箱包设计中的应用前景.

  4. On an Auto-B(a)cklund Transformation for (2+1)-Dimensional Variable Coefficient Generalized KP Equations and Exact Solutions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    BAI Cheng-Jie; BAI Cheng-Lin; HAN Ji-Guang; ZHAO Hong

    2005-01-01

    By the application of the extended homogeneous balance method, we derive an auto-Backlund transformation (BT) for (2+1)-dimensional variable coefficient generalized KP equations. Based on the BT, in which there are two homogeneity equations to be solved, we obtain some exact solutions containing single solitary waves.

  5. AutoCAD 2012 and AutoCAD LT 2012 Bible

    CERN Document Server

    Finkelstein, Ellen

    2011-01-01

    The latest version of this perennial favorite, in-depth, reference-tutorial This top-selling book has been updated by AutoCAD guru and author Ellen Finkelstein to provide you with the very latest coverage of both AutoCAD 2012 and AutoCAD LT 2012. It begins with a Quick Start tutorial, so you start creating right away. From there, the book covers so much in-depth material on AutoCAD that it is said that even Autodesk employees keep this comprehensive book at their desks. A DVD is included that features before-and-after drawings of all the tutorials and plenty of great examples from AutoCAD prof

  6. EU-FP7-iMars: Analysis of Mars Multi-Resolution Images using Auto-Coregistration, Data Mining and Crowd Source Techniques: One year on with a focus on auto-DTM, auto-coregistration and citizen science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muller, Jan-Peter; Sidiropoulos, Panagiotis; Yershov, Vladimir; Gwinner, Klaus; van Gasselt, Stephan; Walter, Sebastian; Ivanov, Anton; Morley, Jeremy; Sprinks, James; Houghton, Robert; Bamford, Stephen; Kim, Jung-Rack

    2015-04-01

    series. Within the iMars project (http://i-Mars.eu), a fully automated large-scale processing ("Big Data") solution has been developed to generate the best possible multi-resolution DTM of Mars co-registered to the DLR HRSC (50-100m grid) products with those from CTX (6-20m grid, loc.cit.) and HiRISE (1-3m grids) on a large-scale linux cluster based at MSSL with 224 cores and 0.25 Pb of storage. The HRSC products are employed to provide a geographic reference for all current, future and historical NASA products using automated co-registration based on feature points. Results of this automated co-registration and subsequent automated DTM will be shown. The metadata already available for all orbital imagery acquired to date, with poor georeferencing information, has been employed to determine the "sweet spots" which have long time series of measurements with different spatial resolution ranges over the last ≈50 years of observations and these will be shown. Starting in July 2015, as much of the entire NASA and ESA record of orbital images will be co-registered and the updated georeferencing information employed to generate a time series of terrain relief corrected orthorectified images (ORIs) back to 1977. Web-GIS using OGC protocols will be employed to allow exploration visually of changes of the surface. An example of this will be shown for the latest DLR HRSC DTMs at 100m and BRDF-corrected surface reflectance at 1km. Data mining processing algorithms are being developed to search for changes in the Martian surface from 1971-2015 and the output of this data mining will be compared against the results from citizen scientists' measurements in a specialised Zooniverse implementation. The results of an analysis of existing citizen science projects and lessons learnt for iMars will be shown. Final co-registered data sets will be distributed through both European and US channels in a manner to be decided towards the end of the project. The resultant co-registered image

  7. Research on the Standardization of Logistics Distribution of Auto Parts%汽车零配件的标准化物流配送研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈晖

    2015-01-01

    汽车物流是涉及面最广、技术复杂程度最高的领域之一,而零配件物流配送又是物流系统持续优化的关键环节。优化汽车零配件物流配送是降低其生产成本和提高市场竞争力的重要砝码。文中分析了我国汽车零部件物流配送的特点及存在的问题,提出了基于3PL的汽车零部件标准化物流配送运作模式。%Motor Logistic is one of the most extensive and complicated technique fields,and auto parts is the key section to ensure continuously improvement of the motor logistic system.Optimization of logistics distribution of auto parts is the important counter to reduce the manufacturing cost and improve the market competence.In this thesis, analyzing the characteristic and existing problem for China logistics distribution of auto parts,then create the operation model for the standardization of logistics distribution of auto parts based on 3PL.

  8. NDRC Issued Opinions to Regulate Auto Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ In view of the surplus of China's auto in dustry production capacity, and the situation may get intensified, the National Development and Reform Commission(NDRC) recently issued the implementation opinions for auto industry to deal with the surplus of production capacity, and expedite the structural adjustment based on the relevant dispose of the State Council's notice about expediting the structural adjustment of the industries with surplus production capacity.

  9. Development of ATSR (Auto Thermal Steam Reformer)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    'Full text:' Auto-thermal reformers are used popularly for fuel cell vehicle because they are compact and can start up quickly. On the other hand, steam reformers are used for stationary fuel cell power plant because they are good thermal efficiency. While, there are many cases using the auto- thermal reformer for stationary use with expectation of cost reduction in USA, as well. However, they are still insufficient for its durability, compactness and cost. We have been developing the new type of fuel processing system that is auto-thermal steam reformer (ATSR), which is hybrid of a conventional steam reformer (STR) and a conventional auto-thermal reformer (ATR). In this study, some proto-type of ATSR for field test were designed, tried manufacturing and tested performance and durability. And we have tried to operate with fuel cell stack to evaluate the system interface performance, that is, operability and controllability. (author)

  10. Auto Technology Exhibition in Tianjing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    @@ The 4th International Automotive Technology Exhibition Tianjing2009,jointly hosted by the Society of Automotive Engineers of China(SAE-China),China Automotive Technology and Research Center(CATRC)and Tianjin Economic-Technological Development Area(TETD),is to be held in Tianjin Binhai International Convention and Exhibition Center from August 27 to August 30 this year.In line with China's national 11th Five-year Plan,The Automobile Industry Revitalization and Adjustments Planning and The Equipment Manufacturing Revitalization and Adjustments Planning,this Exhibition,centered on the theme of automobile and equipment manufacturing,arranges the exhibition halls respectively for private autos,commercial autos and equipment manufacturing etc.

  11. An Industry without Industrialization: the Political Economy of The Failure of Indonesia's Auto Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Tai, Wan-Ping

    2014-01-01

    The development of auto industry needs a series of related policies and conditions, including market, technology, management, basic infrastructure, etc. Several Southeast Asian countries are hoping to develop their auto industries in order to lead the development of other industries in their countries. Having the largest auto market in Southeast Asia, Indonesia is supposed to have more favorable conditions than Thailand and Malaysia on the development of auto industry. Unlike Malaysia's auto ...

  12. Influence of ribs on train aerodynamic performances

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MIAO Xiu-juan; GAO Guang-jun

    2015-01-01

    The influence of ribs on the train aerodynamic performance was computed using detached eddy simulation (DES), and the transient iteration was solved by the dual-time step lower-upper symmetric Gauss-Seidel (LU-SGS) method. The results show that the ribs installed on the roof have a great effect on the train aerodynamic performance. Compared with trains without ribs, the lift force coefficient of the train with convex ribs changes from negative to positive, while the side force coefficient increases by 110% and 88%, respectively. Due to the combined effect of the lift force and side force, the overturning moment of the train with convex ribs and cutting ribs increases by 140% and 106%, respectively. There is larger negative pressure on the roof of the train without ribs than that with ribs. The ribs on the train would disturb the flow structure and contribute to the air separation, so the separation starts from the roof, while there is no air separation on the roof of the train without ribs. The ribs can also slow down the flow speed above the roof and make the air easily sucked back to the train surface. The vortices at the leeward side of the train without ribs are small and messy compared with those of the train with convex or cutting ribs.

  13. Effects on auto-irradiation on the solubility of mineral phases enriched by actinides

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The scope of the present work is to investigate possible effects of self-irradiation damage induced by α-decay (α-recoil nucleus and α-particle) on the hydrated layer formed by aqueous corrosion of nuclear glass and on alteration phases of a granitic geological repository (calcium carbonate or iron oxides and oxihydroxide) which would be likely irradiated in the framework of high-level radioactive waste disposal, for sufficient concentration of actinides and age. Our experimental procedure relies on a bombardment with external beams of 1.5 to 1.8 MeV He ions and 200 KeV Pb ions, which respectively simulate the radiation effects of α-particles and of α-recoil nuclei. We have observed in a first step, direct irradiation effects (change of volume and refractive index, chemical modification) by means of optical microscopy, microtopographical analysis (surface profilometer) and R.B.S. and X.P.S. In a second step, corrosion tests were performed in static conditions to observe a possible indirect effect (increase of the hydratation rate, actinide release) on the later evolution as for example, a marked increase in solubility (calcium carbonate case)

  14. On train track splitting sequences

    CERN Document Server

    Masur, Howard; Schleimer, Saul

    2010-01-01

    We show that the subsurface projection of a train track splitting sequence is an unparameterized quasi-geodesic in the curve complex of the subsurface. For the proof we introduce induced tracks, efficient position, and wide curves. This result is an important step in the proof that the disk complex is Gromov hyperbolic. As another application we show that train track sliding and splitting sequences give quasi-geodesics in the train track graph, generalizing a result of Hamenstaedt [Invent. Math.].

  15. Training course on code implementation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allain, A; De Arango, R

    1992-01-01

    The International Baby Food Action Network (IBFAN) is a coalition of over 40 citizen groups in 70 countries. IBFAN monitors the progress worldwide of the implementation of the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes. The Code is intended to regulate the advertising and promotional techniques used to sell infant formula. The 1991 IBFAN report shows that 75 countries have taken some action to implement the International Code. During 1992, the IBFAN Code Documentation Center in Malaysia conducted 2 training courses to help countries draft legislation to implement and monitor compliance with the International Code. In April, government officials from 19 Asian and African countries attended the first course in Malaysia; the second course was conducted in Spanish in Guatemala and attended by officials from 15 Latin American and Caribbean countries. The resource people included representatives from NGOs in Africa, Asia, Latin America, Europe and North America with experience in Code implementation and monitoring at the national level. The main purpose of each course was to train government officials to use the International Code as a starting point for national legislation to protect breastfeeding. Participants reviewed recent information on lactation management, the advantages of breastfeeding, current trends in breastfeeding and the marketing practices of infant formula manufacturers. The participants studied the terminology contained in the International Code and terminology used by infant formula manufacturers to include breastmilk supplements such as follow-on formulas and cereal-based baby foods. Relevant World Health Assembly resolutions such as the one adopted in 1986 on the need to ban free and low-cost supplies to hospitals were examined. The legal aspects of the current Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) and the progress in the 12 BFHI test countries concerning the elimination of supplies were also examined. International Labor

  16. World Auto Parts Market Thriving

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ In a global market with increased competition, the global auto industrial chain in some regions of Europe, the U.S. and Japan is transforming into a new relationship between the auto parts producers and complete vehicle producers.

  17. 基于辅助线滞生法的Auto CAD R12参数化设计系统%Auto CAD R12 Parametric Design System Based on the Detained Auxiliary Line

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭启全; 周克绳

    1996-01-01

    本文提出了一种在Auto CAD R12环境下,用C语言(基于ADS)开发二维图形参数化设计的新方法辅助线滞生法.解决了辅助线滞生法与ADS具体结合中的技术难题;阐述了实元素悬挂到辅助元素上的新思想,实现了尺寸驱动;为用户众多的Auto CAD R12增加了新功能.基于该方法的Auto CAD R12参数化设计系统(Auto CAD R12 Parametric Design System--APDS)已用于悬挂输送机、管道油阀及半挂自卸车的设计绘图.

  18. IMPLICATIONS OF SPATIAL AND RELATIONAL RECONFIGURATION ON THE DYNAMICS OF THE COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE IN THE AUTO SECTOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucian-Ovidiu CINADE

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available As an impact factor of the competitive advantage dynamics, relocation is, basically, an outcome of concentration or dispersion on the location, in the business chain, of such as car-building companies, components suppliers and distributors. Proximity and low labor costs in developing countries are the basic factors considered by both the car assemblers and the components suppliers. The approach of spatial focusing needs a two relational plans analysis: on the one hand of the reports between component builders and suppliers and on the other hand of the reports amongst various automobile builders which benefit from the same productive location. This article focuses on the determination of the role of relational and spatial configuration amongst several automobile assemblers in generating the competitive advantage of the auto sector. For such purpose, we needed to observe a coenterprise which manufactures the models of different brands. The competition report amongst several builders as in case of co-enterprise TPCA from Kolín, Czech Republic has the following effect: flexibility of production, increase of feedback capacity to the dynamics of the market and the benefitting from the same workforce basin.

  19. On application of AutoCAD in teaching of course of architectural mapping and its learning skills%AutoCAD在建筑制图课程教学中运用及学习技巧

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高志飞; 张秀丽

    2013-01-01

    介绍了采取附加式及融合式两种AutoCAD教学模式,主要阐述了AutoCAD在建筑制图课程教学中的优势,并对如何运用鼠标、空格键等提高绘图效率进行了探讨,以提高教学效果.

  20. Beginning AutoCAD 2002

    CERN Document Server

    McFarlane, Bob

    2002-01-01

    New features in AutoCAD 2002 are covered in this book, making it a useful refresher course for anyone using AutoCAD at this level, and upgrading to the new software release. The material in the book is also relevant to anyone using other recent releases, including, AutoCAD 2000.

  1. Auto's te water.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    2009-01-01

    Ongevallen waarbij auto's in diep water of in een sloot of greppel belanden zijn dikwijls gecompliceerd en lopen vaak ernstig af. Gezien deze afloop en het feit dat ongeveer de helft van de overleden bij dit soort ongevallen niet omkomt door verdrinking maar door verwondingen, zijn preventieve maatr

  2. AutoCAD

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Henrik

    1998-01-01

    I 1998 var AutoCAD Arkitektskolens basale CAD-tilbud til de studerende. Kursets vægt ligger på konstruktion og strukturering af 3d-modeller og med udgangspunkt i dette, 2d-tegning. Kurset er opbygget over CAD Clasic skabelonen (se min forskning). Kompendiet kan bruges til selvstudium....

  3. Auto Part Boom

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG PEI

    2006-01-01

    @@ "Facing a very good market space at the present time,no matter domestic or overseas,we are increasing all the resources we can to expand our production capacity,"says Xu Peng,sales manager of a major Chinese private auto parts company."However,there are still many external conditions restricting the expansion."

  4. Auto Adjusting Astronomical Telescope

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rohit R. Ghalsasi

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Astronomical telescope is powerful and basic tool for star or celestial observation. Here we proposed integrated system using Raspberry Pi for auto adjusting astronomical telescope. This integrated circuit helps to control stellar monitoring, stellar targeting, and tracking functions of telescope. Astro compass gives the direction of the celestial objects.

  5. The Durban Auto Cluster

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lorentzen, Jochen; Robbins, Glen; Barnes, Justin

    2004-01-01

    The paper describes the formation of the Durban Auto Cluster in the context of trade liberalization. It argues that the improvement of operational competitiveness of firms in the cluster is prominently due to joint action. It tests this proposition by comparing the gains from cluster activities i...

  6. Grand Theft Auto IV comes to Singapore: effects of repeated exposure to violent video games on aggression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teng, Scott Kie Zin; Chong, Gabriel Yew Mun; Siew, Amy Sok Cheng; Skoric, Marko M

    2011-10-01

    Given the increasingly dominant role of video games in the mainstream entertainment industry, it is no surprise that the scholarly debate about their impact has been lively and well attended. Although >100 studies have been conducted to examine the impact of violent video games on aggression, no clear consensus has been reached, particularly in terms of their long-term impact on violent behavior and aggressive cognitions. This study employs a first-ever longitudinal laboratory-based experiment to examine longer-term effects of playing a violent video game. One hundred thirty-five participants were assigned either to the treatment condition where they played a violent video game in a controlled laboratory setting for a total of 12 hours or to the control group where they did not play a game. Participants in the treatment group played Grand Theft Auto IV over a period of 3 weeks and were compared with a control group on the posttest measures of trait aggression, attitudes toward violence, and empathy. The findings do not support the assertion that playing a violent video game for a period of 3 weeks increases aggression or reduces empathy, but they suggest a small increase in proviolence attitudes. The implications of the findings are discussed. PMID:21381967

  7. 26 CFR 301.7516-1 - Training and training aids on request.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 18 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Training and training aids on request. 301.7516... the United States § 301.7516-1 Training and training aids on request. The Commissioner is authorized... conducted by the Internal Revenue Service, and to supply them with texts and other training aids....

  8. On the use of the simple and partial Mantel tests in presence of spatial auto-correlation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Guillot, Gilles; Rousset, Francois

    2011-01-01

    The Mantel test is routinely used in many areas of biology and environmental sciences to assess the signicance of the association between two or more matrices of distances relative to the same pairs of indi- viduals. This test is a valid statistical procedure to test the auto-correlation of a...... single (possibly multivariate) variable. This includes the widely used test of isolation-by-distance in population genetics. However, we show that contrarily to a widely shared belief, the simple and partial Mantel tests are not valid statistical procedures to assess the signicance of the correlation...... between two variables structured in space. Under a fairly general model, simulations show that the Mantel tests provide an excess of Type I error whose magnitude increases with the intensity of the spatial auto-correlation. The Mantel tests should not be used in case auto-correlation is suspected in both...

  9. Technical Training: Places available

    CERN Multimedia

    Monique Duval

    2005-01-01

    The number of places available may vary. Please check our Web site to find out the current availability. Places are available on the following courses: LabVIEW Real-Time (F) : 7 - 9.6.2005 (3 jours) LabVIEW Migration 6 to 7: 14.6.2005 (1 day) IT3T/1 - Read your mail and more with Outlook 2003 : 14.6.2005 (IT Technical Training Tutorial, free of charge) IT3T/2 - Creating, managing and using distribution lists with Simba2 : 16.6.2005 (IT Technical Training Tutorial, free of charge) FrontPage 2003 - niveau 2 : 16 & 17.6.2005 (2 jours) Utilisation de fichiers PDF avec ACROBAT 6.0 : 20.6.2005 (1journée) Introduction to ANSYS: 21 - 24.6.2005 (4 days) IT3T/3 - Working remotely with Windows XP : 28.6.2005 (IT Technical Training Tutorial, free of charge) IT3T/4 - Editing Websites with Frontpage 2003 : 30.6.2005 (IT Technical Training Tutorial, free of charge) WORD 2003 (Short Course I) - HowTo... Work with repetitive tasks /AutoText, AutoFormat, AutoC...

  10. AutoCAD 2015 and AutoCAD LT 2015 essentials

    CERN Document Server

    Onstott, Scott

    2014-01-01

    Step-by-step instructions for the AutoCAD fundamentals AutoCAD 2015 Essentials contains 400 pages of full-color, comprehensive instruction on the world's top drafting and architecture software. This 2015 edition features architectural, manufacturing, and landscape architecture examples. And like previous editions, the detailed guide introduces core concepts using interactive tutorials and open-ended projects, which can be completed in any order, thanks to downloadable data sets (an especially useful feature for students and professionals studying for Autodesk AutoCAD certification). Unlike man

  11. DOVIS 2.0: an efficient and easy to use parallel virtual screening tool based on AutoDock 4.0

    OpenAIRE

    Wallqvist Anders; Hu Xin; Kumar Kamal; Jiang Xiaohui; Reifman Jaques

    2008-01-01

    Abstract Background Small-molecule docking is an important tool in studying receptor-ligand interactions and in identifying potential drug candidates. Previously, we developed a software tool (DOVIS) to perform large-scale virtual screening of small molecules in parallel on Linux clusters, using AutoDock 3.05 as the docking engine. DOVIS enables the seamless screening of millions of compounds on high-performance computing platforms. In this paper, we report significant advances in the softwar...

  12. Study on the Leaching of Pt, Pd and Rh from Spent Auto-catalysts in Various Acidities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WAN Jing; YU Jianmin; QIAN Lin; WAN Huoyin; ZHAO Yunkun

    2012-01-01

    Auto-catalysts were the largest consumers of platinum group metals and the most important secondary resources,recovery of PGMs from spent auto-catalysts by leaching with various acidities were investigated.The leaching thermodynamics of PGMs at 363 K was first discussed.At 363 K the higher the acidities of HC1,the higher the leaching recoveries of PGMs,and the sequence of leaching recovery was Pd>Pt>Rh.When H2SO4 used alone,the leaching recoveries of PGMs was low,when the acidity of H2SO4 increasing,the leaching recovery of Rh kept stable.

  13. Clinical utility of anti-p53 auto-antibody: Systematic review and focus on colorectal cancer

    OpenAIRE

    Suppiah, Aravind; Greenman, John

    2013-01-01

    Mutation of the p53 gene is a key event in the carcinogenesis of many different types of tumours. These can occur throughout the length of the p53 gene. Anti-p53 auto-antibodies are commonly produced in response to these p53 mutations. This review firstly describes the various mechanisms of p53 dysfunction and their association with subsequent carcinogenesis. Following this, the mechanisms of induction of anti-p53 auto-antibody production are shown, with various hypotheses for the discrepanci...

  14. Reaearch on the Conversion Method of AutoCAD Dwg Data into GIS Shape Data Based on FME%基于FME实现AutoCAD Dwg向Shape数据转换

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    时绿艳; 冯国庆

    2012-01-01

    Data transformation is one of the important means to realize geographic information system data interoperability. This paper discusses current methods of data transformation and existing problems, with AutoCAD DWG data format for example, introduces how to use Featrue Manipulate Engine semantic transition to realize data conversion bwteen AutoCAD DWG data and GIS shape data. Using scriptlets for batch processing, by the analysis and comparison, this method is efficient and economy, and improved the efficiency of cadastral data inventory.%数据转换是实现GIS(Geographic information system)数据间互操作的重要手段之一。详细阐述目前实现数据转换的几种方法及存在问题,并以AutoCAD dwg数据格式为例,介绍如何利用FME(FeatrueManipulate Engine)语义转换实现AutoCAD dwg数据向GIS shape数据格式转换,并利用脚本程序进行批量处理,这在很大程度上提高了地籍数据入库的效率。

  15. Short-term electricity prices forecasting based on support vector regression and Auto-regressive integrated moving average modeling

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper, we present the use of different mathematical models to forecast electricity price under deregulated power. A successful prediction tool of electricity price can help both power producers and consumers plan their bidding strategies. Inspired by that the support vector regression (SVR) model, with the ε-insensitive loss function, admits of the residual within the boundary values of ε-tube, we propose a hybrid model that combines both SVR and Auto-regressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) models to take advantage of the unique strength of SVR and ARIMA models in nonlinear and linear modeling, which is called SVRARIMA. A nonlinear analysis of the time-series indicates the convenience of nonlinear modeling, the SVR is applied to capture the nonlinear patterns. ARIMA models have been successfully applied in solving the residuals regression estimation problems. The experimental results demonstrate that the model proposed outperforms the existing neural-network approaches, the traditional ARIMA models and other hybrid models based on the root mean square error and mean absolute percentage error.

  16. THE EFFECT OF AQUATIC TRAINING; MENTAL TRAINING AND CONCURRENT TRAINING (AQUATIC AND MENTAL TRAINING) ON BALANCE IN ELDERLY MALES

    OpenAIRE

    Hamdollah Hadi; Hosein Rostamkhani; Sajjad Hoseini

    2011-01-01

    Since balance maintenance is considered one of the indices determining aged people'sindependence; so examining and identifying the effective factors on balance changes to increaseindependence background in movement; to improve the immunity of components of dailyphysical activities and exercise movement; and to prevent injuries resulted from falling areexaminable topic that researchers are interested in. The aim of this study was survey the effect ofaquatic training; mental training and concur...

  17. Creation of a Deep Convolutional Auto-Encoder in Caffe

    OpenAIRE

    Turchenko, Volodymyr; Luczak, Artur

    2015-01-01

    The development of a deep (stacked) convolutional auto-encoder in the Caffe deep learning framework is presented in this paper. We describe simple principles which we used to create this model in Caffe. The proposed model of convolutional auto-encoder does not have pooling/unpooling layers yet. The results of our experimental research show comparable accuracy of dimensionality reduction in comparison with a classic auto-encoder on the example of MNIST dataset.

  18. The Fear of Being Assessed: An Auto-Ethnographic Case Study on Attempts to Engage and Motivate an Individual Disaffected Access Student

    OpenAIRE

    Lebor, Merv

    2015-01-01

    This paper explores how a tutor engaged an individual student who was abusive to teachers and would not carry out coursework assessments which tutors had set him in the Lifelong Learning Sector. It offers strategies to overcome barriers to achievement, particularly where a student resists carrying out required assessment tasks. It is a self-reflexive, auto-ethnographic case study. The research is based on observation, interview and a narratology of the researcher’s own involvement in the situ...

  19. Effect of Pilates Training on Alpha Rhythm

    OpenAIRE

    Zhijie Bian; Hongmin Sun; Chengbiao Lu; Li Yao; Shengyong Chen; Xiaoli Li

    2013-01-01

    In this study, the effect of Pilates training on the brain function was investigated through five case studies. Alpha rhythm changes during the Pilates training over the different regions and the whole brain were mainly analyzed, including power spectral density and global synchronization index (GSI). It was found that the neural network of the brain was more active, and the synchronization strength reduced in the frontal and temporal regions due to the Pilates training. These results support...

  20. Selection - factors and influences on training

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Personnel performance is certainly the goal of training programs and the impact of personnel performance on plant performance indicators is well known. This presentation discusses the selection of personnel prior to training and emphasizes the need for selection criteria to include aptitude intelligence, mechanical ability, work ethic, and emotional stability. Selected data is presented from Point Beach that support a rigorous selection and screening program to ensure training successfully prepared these personnel for job assignments

  1. On-line Auto-Tuning of PI Control of the Superheat for a Supermarket Refrigeration System

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Yang, Zhenyu; Andersen, Casper; Izadi-Zamanabadi, Roozbeh

    2011-01-01

    An online PI auto-tuning method is proposed for superheat control for a type of supermarket refrigeration systems. The proposed procedure consists of three serial steps: Step-One uses one of the two proposed empirical methods, namely multi-step method and relay method, for modeling initialization...

  2. Consensus recommendations on rater training and certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    West, Mark D; Daniel, David G; Opler, Mark; Wise-Rankovic, Alexandria; Kalali, Amir

    2014-01-01

    There is currently no accepted standard for the clinical research industry to follow when selecting and training raters to administer rating scales in clinical neuroscience trials. This article offers guidelines, based on expert recommendations of the CNS Summit Rater Training and Certification Committee, for selecting, training, and evaluating raters. The article also defines terminology and offers recommendations for considering raters with prior training and certification. These guidelines are intended for investigators, pharmaceutical companies, contract research organizations, and other entities involved in clinical neuroscience trials.

  3. MS AutoCad

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Michael Rye; Heinicke, Hugo

    1996-01-01

    Formålet med dette notat er at give en introduktion til tegning af et generalarrangement ved anvendelse af CAD-programmet AutoCAD. Generalarrangementets formål er at skabe en overskuelig præsentation af et skibsprojekt. Det skal gøres indenfor de rammer, som ligger til grund for praktiskprojekter......Formålet med dette notat er at give en introduktion til tegning af et generalarrangement ved anvendelse af CAD-programmet AutoCAD. Generalarrangementets formål er at skabe en overskuelig præsentation af et skibsprojekt. Det skal gøres indenfor de rammer, som ligger til grund...

  4. Auto-alarm system based on telephone network%基于电话网络的自动报警系统

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪慧英; 王玉; 谢春

    2009-01-01

    A design of auto-alarm system based on telephone network is presented. Using the existed telephone network, the auto-alarm system transmits the alarm signal through telephone line, sends and receives the alarm information by double tone multi frequency (DTMF) dialing. This auto-alarm system is applied for fireproofing, guarding the theft as well as first aid for the alone elder and handicapped in uptown. Intelligent offices and Hotels can also use this auto-alarm system instead of establishing special network.%介绍了一种基于电话网络的自动报警系统的软硬件设计.本系统在充分利用现有的程控电话网络或内部小型交换机网络的基础上,以电话线为载体实现报警信号的传输,通过拨号实现报警信息的发送与接收,易于安装维护.本自动报警系统可应用于住宅小区,中小企业的防火、防盗报警、缺少照料的老弱病残的急救报警等,也可应用到企业管理、智能大厦管理、酒店等本需建立专用网络的环境中,利用已有的内部电话网络,极大程度上降低报警系统成本.

  5. Jeddah Auto Mall

    OpenAIRE

    Altahlawi, Naif

    2008-01-01

    This Project demonstrates a constructive approach in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia where the building would be a symbol of luxury. The auto mall gives a common platform to different car makers to display their cars and address their competition under one roof which would be convenient for customers to compare cars. The building has twelve show room units. Each unit has a display area, offices, and a service area. The roof structure system facilitates a large open span beneath it. A series of con...

  6. Variational Recurrent Auto-Encoders

    OpenAIRE

    Fabius, Otto; van Amersfoort, Joost R.

    2014-01-01

    In this paper we propose a model that combines the strengths of RNNs and SGVB: the Variational Recurrent Auto-Encoder (VRAE). Such a model can be used for efficient, large scale unsupervised learning on time series data, mapping the time series data to a latent vector representation. The model is generative, such that data can be generated from samples of the latent space. An important contribution of this work is that the model can make use of unlabeled data in order to facilitate supervised...

  7. Auto-triggerable HPD sensors fully readout on Ethernet, applications for high energy physics and medical imaging

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The OPERA project is dedicated to neutrino oscillation search in the CNGS neutrino beam from CERN to Gran Sasso. The experiment is designed to characterize the interaction of ντ resulted from the νμ → ντ oscillation. The main element of the detector is a brick consisting of the emulsion sheets interleaved with lead plates. These bricks are assembled in walls of about 7 m side. A total of 72 walls is foreseen for OPERA experiment with a total of fiducial mass of 2 k tons. When a neutrino interaction occurs the tracks of the charged particles are recorded in the emulsions with a high accuracy and the topology of the event is fully reconstructed with an automatic scanning of the emulsions. The role of the target tracker in OPERA is to locate the brick where the primary neutrino interaction occurs to provide triggers and to make a coarser reconstruction of the events. It consists of 2 planes of scintillator strips located after a brick wall.. The scintillation photons are collected by WLS fibers and read by a multi-pixel photodetector. The results obtained with 61 pixels HPDs readout by auto-triggerable front-end electronics of the VA-TA series. A new kind of acquisition system based on Ethernet abler to read the front-end electronics and deliver the data directly to the Ethernet network is described. The Ethernet DAQ system is based on a ORCA (Opera Readout Card) module which includes all the features to control the front-end and the time stamping of the trigger of the events. The front-end electronics and the HPD characteristics are described in Sections 2 and 3 while the PMT which validates the acquisition chain is presented in Section 4. Medical applications and the results obtained with the acquisition system used as micro pet and for characterized photodetectors in High Energy experiment are also presented

  8. Auto-acetylation on K289 is not essential for HopZ1a-mediated plant defense suppression

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jose Sebastian Rufian

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The Pseudomonas syringae type III-secreted effector HopZ1a is a member of the HopZ / YopJ superfamily of effectors that triggers immunity in Arabidopsis. We have previously shown that HopZ1a suppresses both local (effector-triggered immunity, ETI and systemic immunity (systemic acquired resistance, SAR triggered by the heterologous effector AvrRpt2. HopZ1a has been shown to possess acetyltransferase activity, and this activity is essential to trigger immunity in Arabidopsis. HopZ1a acetyltransferase activity has been reported to require the auto-acetylation of the effector on a specific lysine (K289 residue. In this paper we analyze the relevance of autoacetylation of lysine residue 289 in HopZ1a ability to suppress plant defenses, and on the light of the results obtained, we also revise its relevance for HopZ1a avirulence activity. Our results indicate that, while the HopZ1aK289R mutant is impaired to some degree in its virulence and avirulence activities, is by no means phenotypically equivalent to the catalytically inactive HopZ1aC216A, since it is still able to trigger a defense response that induces detectable macroscopic HR and effectively protects Arabidopsis from infection, reducing growth of P. syringae within the plant. We also present evidence that the HopZ1aK289R mutant still displays virulence activities, partially suppressing both ETI and SAR.

  9. Influence of variable valve timings on the gas exchange process in a controlled auto-ignition engine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Milovanovic, N.; Chen, R. [Loughborough University (United Kingdom). Aeronautical and Autumotive Dept.; Turner, J. [Lotus Engineering (United Kingdom). Powertrain Research Dept.

    2004-05-01

    The controlled auto-ignition (CAI) engine concept has the potential to be highly efficient and to produce low NO{sub x} and particulate matter emissions. However, the problem of controlling the combustion over the entire load/speed range limits its practical application. The CAI combustion is controlled by the chemical kinetics of the charge mixture, with no influence of the flame diffusion or turbulent propagation. Therefore, to achieve successful control of the CAI process, the composition, temperature and pressure of the charge mixture at the inlet valve closure (IC) point has to be controlled. The use of the variable valve timing strategy, which enables quick changes in the amount of trapped hot exhaust gases, shows the potential for control of CAI combustion. The aim of this paper is to analyse the influence of the variable valve timing strategy on the gas exchange process, the process between the first valve open event (EO) and the last valve closing event (IC), in a CAI engine fuelled with standard gasoline fuel (95RON). The gas exchange process affects the engine parameters and charge properties and therefore plays a crucial role in determining the control of the CAI process. Analysis is performed by experimental and modelling approaches. A single-cylinder research engine equipped with a fully variable valvetrain (FVVT ) system was used for the experimental study. A combined code consisting of a detailed chemical kinetics code and one-dimensional fluid dynamics code was used for the modelling study. The results obtained indicate that the variable valve timing strategy has a strong influence on the gas exchange process, which in turn influences the engine parameters and the cylinder charge properties, and hence the control of the CAI process. The EC timing has the strongest effect, followed by the 10 timing, while the EO and IC timings have minor effects. (author)

  10. A novel approach to equipment health management based on auto-regressive hidden semi-Markov model (AR-HSMM)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DONG Ming

    2008-01-01

    As a new maintenance method, CBM (condition based maintenance) is becoming more and more important for the health management of complicated and costly equipment. A prerequisite to widespread deployment of CBM technology and prac-tice in industry is effective diagnostics and prognostics. Recently, a pattern recog-nition technique called HMM (hidden Markov model) was widely used in many fields. However, due to some unrealistic assumptions, diagnositic results from HMM were not so good, and it was difficult to use HMM directly for prognosis. By relaxing the unrealistic assumptions in HMM, this paper presents a novel approach to equip-ment health management based on auto-regressive hidden semi-Markov model (AR-HSMM). Compared with HMM, AR-HSMM has three advantages: 1)It allows explicitly modeling the time duration of the hidden states and therefore is capable of prognosis. 2) It can relax observations' independence assumption by accom-modating a link between consecutive observations. 3) It does not follow the unre-alistic Markov chain's memoryless assumption and therefore provides more pow-erful modeling and analysis capability for real problems. To facilitate the computation in the proposed AR-HSMM-based diagnostics and prognostics, new forwardbackward variables are defined and a modified forward-backward algorithm is developed. The evaluation of the proposed methodology was carried out through a real world application case study: health diagnosis and prognosis of hydraulic pumps in Caterpillar Inc. The testing results show that the proposed new approach based on AR-HSMM is effective and can provide useful support for the decision-making in equipment health management.

  11. 利用PSG评估CPAP和Auto-CPAP对不同程度OSAHS的治疗%Evaluation of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure and Auto-continuous Positive Airway Pressure on Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea-hypopnea Syndrme by Polysomography

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    岳英明; 孟琨; 邱小建

    2009-01-01

    目的 探讨持续气道正压通气(CPAP)与自动调节持续气道正压通气呼吸机(Auto-CPAP)在治疗阻塞性睡眠呼吸暂停低通气综合征(OSAHS)患者时的选择性应用.方法 60例轻中度(AHI≤40)OSAHS患者和60例重度(AHI>40)OSAHS患者分别接受CPAP和Auto-CPAP治疗,观察治疗前和治疗时PSG参数变化.结果 轻中度OSAHS患者应用CPAP治疗较应用Auto-CPAP治疗睡眠结构明显改善(P<0.05);重度OSAHS患者应用Auto-CPAP治疗较应用CPAP治疗的睡眠结构明显改善(P<0.05).包括睡眠潜伏期(SL)、睡眠效率(SE)、觉醒次数(WASO)、浅睡眠(Ⅰ期+Ⅱ期)、深睡眠(Ⅲ期+Ⅳ期)及REM期睡眠各占总睡眠时间(TST)的比例、呼吸暂停低通气指数(AHI)、夜间平均血氧饱和度(M SaO2)、夜间最低血氧饱和度(L SaO2)的变化.结论 轻中度OSAHS患者选择应用CPAP治疗的效果优于应用Auto-CPAP治疗的效果.重度OSAHS患者选择应用Auto-CPAP治疗的效果优于应用CPAP治疗的效果.

  12. Modular Design and Parametric Drafting of Orthogonal Skew Bevel Gear Based on AutoLISP%基于AutoLISP的正交斜齿锥齿轮模块化设计及参数绘图

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金莹; 张小粉; 淮妮

    2011-01-01

    斜齿锥齿轮广泛应用于大型机械传动装置中,其设计是一项繁琐、重复性大的工作.本文以模块化设计思想为指导,用AutoLISP开发工具,在AutoCAD平台上开发用户友好的正交斜齿锥齿轮的设计系统,实现了正交斜齿锥齿轮设计、校核、参数化绘图,提高了设计质量和效率.

  13. Design & Application of Digital Servo Band Brake Auto Driller on Rig%钻机数字伺服带刹自动送钻系统设计与应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    齐然; 李孟辉; 杨波; 闫翀; 侯小强

    2013-01-01

    介绍了钻机常用自动送钻系统的现状,着重分析了数字伺服带刹自动送钻系统的构成原理、模糊控制理论的应用及在钻机上的应用优势.具有广阔的应用前景.%Auto driller system is a kind of control system which was developed to meet oil rig drilling technical requirements.Using auto driller system can not only reduce driller's labor intensity, but also improve drilling ROP and decrease drilling cost.After an outline of actuality in common use rig auto driller systems given, it is emphatically analyzed that structure principle and fuzzy control theory application of digital servo band brake auto driller system,and system application preponderance on rig.

  14. Katastroofi hüvitamiseks on auto jagu kindlustusraha / Kadri Bank, Sten-Aleks Pihlak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bank, Kadri

    2008-01-01

    Tallinnas on mitmeid suure katastroofiohuga ettevõtteid, mis on end raskete tagajärgedega õnnetuste vastu kindlustanud väiksema summaga kui mõni autokindlustus. Vt. samas: Kolmandate isikute kahjude hüvitamine; Kõrge riskiohuga firmad on koondunud Koplisse ja Peterburi mnt äärde

  15. Experimental and Numerical Study on Effect of Sample Orientation on Auto-Ignition and Piloted Ignition of Poly(methyl methacrylate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fei Peng

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available In this work, the effect of seven different sample orientations from 0° to 90° on pilot and non-pilot ignition of PMMA (poly(methyl methacrylate exposed to radiation has been studied with experimental and numerical methods. Some new and significant conclusions are drawn from the study, including a U-shape curve of ignition time and critical mass flux as sample angle increases for pilot ignition conditions. However, in auto-ignition, the ignition time and critical mass flux increases with sample angle α. Furthermore, a computational fluid dynamic model have been built based on the Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS6 code to investigate the mechanisms controlling the dependence on sample orientation of the ignition of PMMA under external radiant heating. The results of theoretical analysis and modeling results indicate the decrease of total incident heat flux at sample surface plays the dominant role during the ignition processes of auto-ignition, but the volatiles gas flow has greater influence for piloted ignition conditions.

  16. The simulation study on the Nuclear Heating Reactor's power auto-control system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The power automatic control system on nuclear heating reactor (NHR) is a multi-input and multi-output non-linear system. The power automatic control system on NHR is studied by modern control theory. Through the simulation experiments, it is clear that adopting μ outer-loop and LQR inner-loop feedback, the best control results are obtained

  17. 38 CFR 21.4265 - Practical training approved as institutional training or on-job training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... requirement that class attendance on at least a weekly basis be regularly scheduled to provide for interaction... completion of the course, the student remains enrolled in the school during the period, and the training is... is offered by an affiliated or cooperating hospital and the student is enrolled in and supervised...

  18. Training Artisans On-Site

    OpenAIRE

    Edoghogho Ogbeifun

    2011-01-01

    The decline in apprenticeship in both the public and private sectors, the increasing use of sub-contractors as well as the uncoordinated approach in the informal sector are contributing factors to the shortage of skilled artisans in the construction industry. Artisans training can be introduced and implemented through the adoption of progressive implementation of construction processes commencing work from areas requiring low skill demands to areas of high skill demand. The success of this pr...

  19. Effect of Pilates Training on Alpha Rhythm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhijie Bian

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In this study, the effect of Pilates training on the brain function was investigated through five case studies. Alpha rhythm changes during the Pilates training over the different regions and the whole brain were mainly analyzed, including power spectral density and global synchronization index (GSI. It was found that the neural network of the brain was more active, and the synchronization strength reduced in the frontal and temporal regions due to the Pilates training. These results supported that the Pilates training is very beneficial for improving brain function or intelligence. These findings maybe give us some line evidence to suggest that the Pilates training is very helpful for the intervention of brain degenerative diseases and cogitative dysfunction rehabilitation.

  20. "Chinese Style" Auto marketing Thrives

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ Over the past 10 years, China's auto industry has seen rapid growth.The miracle of such fast development, from a humble beginning to a strong player in the world's auto industry,can be attributed to a variety of factors.The most important factor, however, is that the auto industry has incorporated Chinese characteristics during its growth,whether facing challenges or developing new innovations.

  1. Training Effects on Immune Function in Judoists

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lee

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Background It has been reported that high intensity long term training in elite athletes may increase risk of immune function. Objectives This study is to examine training effects on immunoglobulin and changes of physiological stress and physical fitness level induced by increased cold stress during 12-week winter off-season training in elite Judoists. Patients and Methods Twenty-nine male participants (20 ± 1 years were assigned to only Judo training (CG, n = 9, resistance training combined with Judo training (RJ, n = 10, and interval training combined with Judo training (IJ, n = 10. Blood samples collected at rest, immediately after all-out exercise, and 30-minute recovery period were analyzed for testing IgA, IgG, and IgM, albumin and catecholamine levels. Results VO2max and anaerobic mean power in IJ (P < 0.05 and anaerobic power in RJ (P < 0.05 were significantly increased after 12-week training compared to CG. There was no significant interaction effect (group × period in albumin after 12-week training; however, there was a significant interaction effect (group × period in epinephrine after 12-week training (F (4, 52 = 3.216, P = 0.002 and immediately after all-out exercise and at 30-minute recovery (F (2, 26 = 14.564, P = 0.008. There was significantly higher changes in epinephrine of RJ compared to IJ at 30-minute recovery (P = 0.045. There was a significant interaction effect (group × period in norepinephrine after 12-week training (F (4, 52 = 8.141, P < 0.0001, at rest and immediately after all-out exercise (F (2, 26 = 9.570, P = 0.001, and immediately after all-out exercise and at 30-minute recovery (F (2, 26 = 8.862, P = 0.001. Conclusions Winter off-season training of IJ increased physical fitness level as well as physical stress induced by overtraining. Along with increased physical stress, all groups showed reduced trend of IgA; however, there was no group difference based on different training methods.

  2. Spatial-Spectral Classification Based on the Unsupervised Convolutional Sparse Auto-Encoder for Hyperspectral Remote Sensing Imagery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Xiaobing; Zhong, Yanfei; Zhang, Liangpei

    2016-06-01

    Current hyperspectral remote sensing imagery spatial-spectral classification methods mainly consider concatenating the spectral information vectors and spatial information vectors together. However, the combined spatial-spectral information vectors may cause information loss and concatenation deficiency for the classification task. To efficiently represent the spatial-spectral feature information around the central pixel within a neighbourhood window, the unsupervised convolutional sparse auto-encoder (UCSAE) with window-in-window selection strategy is proposed in this paper. Window-in-window selection strategy selects the sub-window spatial-spectral information for the spatial-spectral feature learning and extraction with the sparse auto-encoder (SAE). Convolution mechanism is applied after the SAE feature extraction stage with the SAE features upon the larger outer window. The UCSAE algorithm was validated by two common hyperspectral imagery (HSI) datasets - Pavia University dataset and the Kennedy Space Centre (KSC) dataset, which shows an improvement over the traditional hyperspectral spatial-spectral classification methods.

  3. Auto Landing Process for Autonomous Flying Robot by Using Image Processing Based on Edge Detection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bahram Lavi Sefidgari

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In today’s technological life, everyone is quite familiar with the importance of security measures in our lives. So in this regard, many attempts have been made by researchers and one of them is flying robots technology. One well-known usage of flying robot, perhaps, is its capability in security and care measurements which made this device extremely practical, not only for its unmanned movement, but also for the unique manoeuvre during flight over the arbitrary areas. In this research, the automatic landing of a flying robot is discussed. The system is based on the frequent interruptions that is sent from main microcontroller to camera module in order to take images; these images have been distinguished by image processing system based on edge detection, after analysing the image the system can tell whether or not to land on the ground. This method shows better performance in terms of precision as well as experimentally.

  4. On the use of the simple and partial Mantel tests in presence of spatial auto-correlation

    OpenAIRE

    Guillot, Gilles; Rousset, Francois

    2011-01-01

    The Mantel test is routinely used in many areas of biology and environmental sciences to assess the signicance of the association between two or more matrices of distances relative to the same pairs of indi- viduals. This test is a valid statistical procedure to test the auto-correlation of a single (possibly multivariate) variable. This includes the widely used test of isolation-by-distance in population genetics. However, we show that contrarily to a widely shared belief, the simple and par...

  5. An Imbalanced Data Classification Algorithm of De-noising Auto-Encoder Neural Network Based on SMOTE

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang Chenggang; Song Jiazhi; Pei Zhili; Jiang Jingqing

    2016-01-01

    Imbalanced data classification problem has always been one of the hot issues in the field of machine learning. Synthetic minority over-sampling technique (SMOTE) is a classical approach to balance datasets, but it may give rise to such problem as noise. Stacked De-noising Auto-Encoder neural network (SDAE), can effectively reduce data redundancy and noise through unsupervised layer-wise greedy learning. Aiming at the shortcomings of SMOTE algorithm when synthesizing new minority class samples...

  6. Business Perceptions of the new French regime on Auto-Entrepreneurship: a risk-taking step back from socialism.

    OpenAIRE

    Ashta, Arvind; Raimbault, Sophie

    2009-01-01

    France has a rather low rate of enterprise creation. Institutional analysis helps to explain why this is so. Nevertheless, in the last few years since 2003, France has been modernizing its legal framework to stimulate enterprise creation and this has achieved some success. A new regime of Auto-entrepreneur has recently been introduced in early 2009 as a new start up mechanism, creating a lot of buzz. This paper presents the new French regime and its accountancy and tax inputs, explaining the ...

  7. Auto-Test on Motor Temperature Rising in Electric Vehicles with Mutual MRAS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    A new method to calculate the motor temperature rising in electric vehicle (EV) is proposed based on the stator resistance identification. The measure theory of the motor temperature rising with the stator resistance is discussed at first. An enhanced magnetism motor dynamic math model is built which is the research object. Then the resistance identification system model is built on the mutual model reference adaptive system (MRAS) theory. The simulation diagram of the mutual MRAS model is constructed and the resistance identification performance is studied in different motor states. Simulation results indicate that the stator resistance identification model with the mutual MRAS is effective. At the same time, the identification of motor temperature rising is possible with the identification of the stator resistance.

  8. Brilliance Auto: Chinese, Global, Successful

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

      As the only automobile sponsor of BOAO FORUM FOR ASIA in April 2004, Brilliance Auto had a great opportunity to show her 'New Zhonghua" sedan which is an upper-medium car with completely independent intellectual property rights and repre sents the independent development philosophy of Brilliance Auto and is especially made for business personnel. The development pattern of Zhonghua sedan set a brand new model in Chinese auto industry to utilize the global resources and talents and international division of labor in the international arena, and she has become a typical sample of independent brand sedans in the contemporary Chinese auto industry.……

  9. SECURED DATA ON CLOUD ENVIRONMENT BY SAPA PROTOCOL WITH AUTO-RENEWAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Prashanthi

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Cloud computing is rising as a rife knowledge interactive paradigm to understand users’ knowledge remotely hold on in a web cloud server. Cloud services offer nice conveniences for the users to relish the on-demand cloud applications while not c Knowledge Obstrucity, Forward Security, Universal Composability onsidering the native infrastructure limitations. Throughout the information accessing, completely different users could also be in a very cooperative relationship, and so knowledge sharing becomes vital to attain productive edges. The prevailing security solutions chiefly concentrate on the authentication to understand that a user’s privative knowledge cannot be unauthorized accessed, however neglect a delicate privacy issue throughout a user.It is difficult for the cloud server to request different users for knowledge sharing. The challenged access request itself might reveal the user’s privacy in spite of whether or not it will acquire the information access permissions. During this paper, we have a tendency to propose a shared authority primarily based privacy-preserving authentication protocol (SAPA to deal with higher than privacy issue for cloud storage. Within the SAPA, 1 shared access authority is achieved by anonymous access request matching mechanism with security and privacy concerns (e.g., authentication, knowledge obscurity, user privacy, and forward security; 2 attribute primarily based access management is adopted to understand that the user will solely access its own knowledge fields; 3 proxy re-encryption is applied by the cloud server to supply knowledge sharing among the multiple users. Meanwhile, universal compos ability (UC model is established to prove that the SAPA on paper has the planning correctness. It indicates that the projected protocol realizing privacy-preserving knowledge access authority sharing is enticing for multi-user cooperative cloud applications.

  10. Qualitative and quantitative comparisons on reconditioning by welding of crankshafts from auto industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chivu (Vîrlan, O. R.; Rontescu, C.; Cicic, D. T.; Vasile, I. M.; Petriceanu, C.

    2015-11-01

    One of the goals of modern society is represented by reducing the cost for the maintenance of cars. One of the pieces that break down most often on the engine block is the crankshaft, in various areas of it. Due to the fact that the price of a crankshaft is very high, specialists seek solutions for repairing and not replacing them. In this study, it is presented a comparison in terms of hardness obtained at recovering the counterweight by welding by using two methods of welding, WIG and SMAW through various techniques: normal, WTO, lateral depositing.

  11. Study and numerical analysis on formability of quenching and partitioning steel sheets of auto-body

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Xing; Liu, Yifan; Zhu, Lin

    2013-05-01

    Advanced high strength steel is the basic structure material for lightweight design and safety enhancement for automobile industry. Quenching and partitioning steel is a recently developed kind of low carbon and low alloy material with retained Austenite for the requirements of both high strength and high ductility. This paper focuses on the formability of a hinge pillar for some car under numerical modelling analysis. The results show that QP980 has an equal elongation comparing with DP590. Moreover, the numerical modelling results of QP980 are more sensitive to the selection of yielding equation comparing with DP590.

  12. Development of an Acoustic Signal Analysis Tool “Auto-F” Based on the Temperament Scale

    Science.gov (United States)

    Modegi, Toshio

    The MIDI interface is originally designed for electronic musical instruments but we consider this music-note based coding concept can be extended for general acoustic signal description. We proposed applying the MIDI technology to coding of bio-medical auscultation sound signals such as heart sounds for retrieving medical records and performing telemedicine. Then we have tried to extend our encoding targets including vocal sounds, natural sounds and electronic bio-signals such as ECG, using Generalized Harmonic Analysis method. Currently, we are trying to separate vocal sounds included in popular songs and encode both vocal sounds and background instrumental sounds into separate MIDI channels. And also, we are trying to extract articulation parameters such as MIDI pitch-bend parameters in order to reproduce natural acoustic sounds using a GM-standard MIDI tone generator. In this paper, we present an overall algorithm of our developed acoustic signal analysis tool, based on those research works, which can analyze given time-based signals on the musical temperament scale. The prominent feature of this tool is producing high-precision MIDI codes, which reproduce the similar signals as the given source signal using a GM-standard MIDI tone generator, and also providing analyzed texts in the XML format.

  13. Fuzzy stochastic damage mechanics (FSDM based on fuzzy auto-adaptive control theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ya-jun WANG

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available In order to fully interpret and describe damage mechanics,the origin and development of fuzzy stochastic damage mechanics were introduced based on the analysis of the harmony of damage, probability, and fuzzy membership in the interval of [0,1]. In a complete normed linear space, it was proven that a generalized damage field can be simulated through probability distribution. Three kinds of fuzzy behaviors of damage variableswereformulated and explained through analysis of the generalized uncertainty of damage variables and the establishment of a fuzzy functional expression. Corresponding fuzzy mapping distributions, namely,the half-depressed distribution, swing distribution,and combined swing distribution, which can simulate varying fuzzy evolution in diverse stochastic damage situations, were set up. Furthermore, through demonstration of the generalized probabilistic characteristics of damage variables, the cumulative distribution function and probability density function of fuzzy stochastic damage variables, which show probability distribution, were modified according to the expansion principle. The three-dimensional fuzzy stochastic damage mechanical behaviors of the Longtan rolled-concrete dam were examined with the self-developed fuzzy stochastic damage finite element program. The statistical correlation and non-normality of random field parameters were considered comprehensively in the fuzzy stochastic damage model described in this paper. The results show that an initial damage field based on the comprehensive statistical evaluation helps to avoid many difficulties in the establishment of experiments and numerical algorithms for damage mechanics analysis.

  14. Local Spiral Curves Simulating Based on Hough Transformation and Center Auto-Locating of Developing Typhoon

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    In the developing phase of typhoon formation, the spiral belt partly emerges in satellite cloud images. This research starts from images and moves on to graphics and then to representation and recognition. Following this route, local spiral cloud belt is segmented from the raw images using image segmentation, the spiral information is extracted using mathematic morphology, and local spiral curves are detected using Hough transformation. The problem of center locating of developing typhoon has finally been solved through a search algorithm of spiral curve. For No.99082008 cloud image, the result produced by the algorithm in this paper is at 122.3 degree west longitude, 17.5 degree north latitude. The real typhoon center location was at 122.4 degree west longitude, 18 degree north latitude.

  15. The Research of Scrapped Automobiles Recycling and Disassembling Industry Development Based on Auto Industry Chain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    linhua Pang

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The number of China’s scrapped car is on an explosively growing trend, and the development of scrapped car recycling industry has a golden prospect. The current scrapped car recycling system is not perfect in our country, because related industries driven by market develop slowly, and there are some outstanding problems such as potential safety risks, environmental pollution and resource waste. The paper analyzes and studies the existing problems and countermeasures to investigate the development strategy of scrapped car recycling industry according to the whole automobile industry chain construction, technology and equipment conditions, policy guidance, etc. and at last explore the new industrial development pattern of serving automobile reverse design.

  16. Séminaire de l'enseignement technique : Forum AutoCAD 2006 et AutoCAD Mechanical 2006

    - French version only

    CERN Multimedia

    Davide Vitè

    2005-01-01

    Jeudi 17 novembre 2005 de 14:30 à 16:30 - Training Centre Auditorium, Bât 593 Forum AutoCAD 2006 et AutoCAD Mechanical 2006 CADSCHOOL, CH-1207 GENEVE, Suisse Ce nouveau séminaire de l'Enseignement technique, organisé en forme de forum et en collaboration avec TS-MME et notre entreprise partenaire en formation, sera consacré à la présentation de la nouvelle version d'AutoCAD, AutoCAD 2006 et AutoCAD Mechanical 2006, disponible au CERN. Au programme : Présentation d'AutoCAD Mechanical 2006 Améliorations par rapport à AutoCAD Mechanical 6 Power Pack Questions - Réponses Langue: Français. Séminaire libre, sans inscription. Organisateurs: Manfred Mayer / TS-MME / 74499 ; Davide Vitè / HR-PMD / 75141 Pour plus d'information, veuillez SVP visiter les pages des Séminaires de l'Enseignement Technique à l'adresse http://www.cern.ch/TechnicalTraining/special/TTseminars.asp . ENSEIGNEMENT TECHNIQUE TECHNICAL TRAINING technical.training@cern.ch

  17. Séminaire de l'enseignement technique : Forum AutoCAD 2006 et AutoCAD Mechanical 2006 - French version only

    CERN Multimedia

    Davide Vitè

    2005-01-01

    Jeudi 17 novembre 2005 de 14:30 à 16:30 - Training Centre Auditorium Forum AutoCAD 2006 et AutoCAD Mechanical 2006 CADSCHOOL, CH-1207 GENEVE, Suisse Ce nouveau séminaire de l'Enseignement technique, organisé en forme de forum et en collabora- tion avec TS-MME et notre entreprise partenaire en formation, sera consacré à la présentation de la nouvelle version d'AutoCAD, AutoCAD 2006 et AutoCAD Mechanical 2006, disponible au CERN. Au programme : Présentation d'AutoCAD Mechanical 2006 Améliorations par rapport à AutoCAD Mechanical 6 Power Pack Questions - Réponses Langue: Français. Séminaire libre, sans inscription. Organisateurs: Manfred Mayer / TS-MME / 74499 ; Davide Vitè / HR-PMD / 75141 Pour plus d'information, veuillez SVP visiter les pages des Séminaires de l'Enseignement Technique à l'adresse http://www.cern.ch/TechnicalTraining/special/TTseminars.asp . ENSEIGNEMENT TECHNIQUE TECHNICAL TRAINING technical.training@cern.ch

  18. Simulation and Training Package on Corex Process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    A software package has been developed for simulation on the Corex process. The simulation and training package on the process of shaft furnace using Corex off gas were introduced. The package consists of three main modules, namely the numerical simulation, the system modeling and optimization, and the training module, which are integrated with graphical interfaces. In addition, the equipment starting and stopping operation and typical trouble-shooting were also included in the package, whereby a practical environment can be established for training of operation and management stuff.

  19. The background of Chinese Autos popularity in Syria

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gu Zhongyang

    2008-01-01

    @@ At the end of April in 2006,I along with lhmous China automakers attended the murth Syria China Auto International Exhibition held by China Council for Promotion of International Trade and China Machinery Industry Fcderation,took a tour by the Cars for 10 days in Syria,and had a close feel on the auto market in Syria.

  20. Rüütmann taandub Kommest Auto juhtimisest / Kaisa Tahlfeld

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tahlfeld, Kaisa

    2007-01-01

    AS-i Kommest Auto asutaja ja omanik Toomas Rüütmann loobub ettevõtte juhtimisest, kuid jätkab juhatuse liikmena ning keskendub eksportturgudele ja koostööle edasimüüjatega. Kommest Auto uueks juhiks saab Raido Toonekurg. Lisa: Mis on mis; Taust

  1. Auto-preview camera orientation for environment perception on a mobile robot

    Science.gov (United States)

    Radovnikovich, Micho; Vempaty, Pavan K.; Cheok, Ka C.

    2010-01-01

    Using wide-angle or omnidirectional camera lenses to increase a mobile robot's field of view introduces nonlinearity in the image due to the 'fish-eye' effect. This complicates distance perception, and increases image processing overhead. Using multiple cameras avoids the fish-eye complications, but involves using more electrical and processing power to interface them to a computer. Being able to control the orientation of a single camera, both of these disadvantages are minimized while still allowing the robot to preview a wider area. In addition, controlling the orientation allows the robot to optimize its environment perception by only looking where the most useful information can be discovered. In this paper, a technique is presented that creates a two dimensional map of objects of interest surrounding a mobile robot equipped with a panning camera on a telescoping shaft. Before attempting to negotiate a difficult path planning situation, the robot takes snapshots at different camera heights and pan angles and then produces a single map of the surrounding area. Distance perception is performed by making calibration measurements of the camera and applying coordinate transformations to project the camera's findings into the vehicle's coordinate frame. To test the system, obstacles and lines were placed to form a chicane. Several snapshots were taken with different camera orientations, and the information from each were stitched together to yield a very useful map of the surrounding area for the robot to use to plan a path through the chicane.

  2. Auto-communicating micro-orientalism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ren, Carina Bregnholm; Ooi, Can-Seng

    2013-01-01

    Using the concepts of auto-communication and micro-Orientalism, this article argues that nation branding at World Expos produces and propagates notions of difference and Otherness. We examine how Denmark presents itself in China, and how the message inevitably tells how the Danish authorities view...... exhibition is performed and regulated as sustainable and authentic and how in spite of its seemingly dialogical and interactive layout, a number of auto-communicative and micro-Orientalist practices are enacted. This study is based on field participation, observations and interviews. Public sources...

  3. Auto-triggerable HPD sensors fully readout on ethernet: applications for high-energy physics and medical imaging

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The OPERA project is dedicated to neutrino oscillation search in the CNGS neutrino beam from CERN to Gran Sasso (Experimental Proposal, CERN/SPSC 2000-028, SPSC/P318, LNGS P25/2000, July 10, 2000). The experiment is designed to characterize the interactions of ντ resulting of the νμ→ντ oscillation. The main element of the detector is a brick 10.2 cmx12.8 cm cross-section consisting of 56 emulsion sheets 100 μm wide, interleaved with 1 mm lead plates. These bricks are assembled in walls of ∼7 m side. A total of 72 walls is foreseen for the OPERA experiment with a total fiducial mass of 2 ktons. When a neutrino interaction occurs, the tracks of the charged particles are recorded in the emulsions with a high accuracy and the topology of the event is fully reconstructed with an automatic scanning of the emulsions. The role of the target tracker in OPERA is to locate the brick where the primary neutrino interaction occurs, to provide triggers and to make a coarser reconstruction of the events. It consists of two planes of scintillator strips located after a brick wall. The scintillation photons are collected by WLS fibers and read by a multi-pixels photodetector. We present results obtained with 61 pixels HPD's readout by auto-triggerable front-end electronics of the VA-TA series. We have also developed a new kind of acquisition system based on Ethernet, able to read the front-end electronics and deliver the data directly to the Ethernet network. The full readout chain from the scintillator to the DAQ has been tested with cosmics and with beams from the CERN PS. The acquisition scheme is being proposed for the OPERA DAQ system and can be implemented for medical applications with various photodetectors. A prototype of micro-Positron Emission Tomograph (microPET) is being build on this scheme in collaboration with other Rho[circ ]ne-Alpes Institutes

  4. The Effects of Organizational Training on Organizational Commitment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bulut, Cagri; Culha, Osman

    2010-01-01

    This empirical study investigated the impact of organizational training on employee commitment focusing on employees' emotional and affective responses towards their organization. Organizational training is conceptualized within a multidimensional framework consisting of motivation for training, access to training, benefits from training and…

  5. The Calculation of Unbalanced Voltage on the tertiary bus of a single phase auto transformer in case of Parallel Operation with Different Manufacturer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shim, E.B.; Woo, J.W.; Kwak, J.S. [Korea Electric Power Research Institute (Korea); Joe, S.H.; Hur, Y.H. [KEPCO (Korea); Han, S.O. [Chungnam University (Korea)

    2001-07-01

    This paper described the unbalanced voltage on the tertiary bus of a single phase auto transformer in the case of parallel operation with different manufacturer at each phase. The unbalanced capacitances between primary to secondary winding, secondary to tertiary winding and primary to tertiary winding makes unbalanced bus voltage in the tertiary bus side. The unbalanced voltage let the surge arrester to operate in the power frequency range, and it causes the arrester to burn out. The failure of the arrester at one phase makes line to ground fault, which lead to the surge arrester failure of the other two phase on the tertiary bus. (author). 3 refs., 10 figs., 2 tabs.

  6. Outstanding low temperature HC-SCR of NOx over platinum-group catalysts supported on mesoporous materials expecting diesel-auto emission regulation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Outstanding low temperature HC-SCR of NOx over platinum-group catalysts supported on mesoporous materials, which does not rely on the conventional NOx-absorption-reduction-catalysts, is presented for the purpose of de-NOx of diesel-auto emissions. The established catalysts basically consist of mesoporous silica or metal-substituted mesoporous silicates for supports and platinum for active species, which is operated under lean- and rich-conditions. The new catalysts are very active at 150-200oC and free from difficult problems of SOx-deactivation and hydrothermal ageing of the NOx-absorption-reduction catalyst. (author)

  7. Fouling resistance prediction using artificial neural network nonlinear auto-regressive with exogenous input model based on operating conditions and fluid properties correlations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biyanto, Totok R.

    2016-06-01

    Fouling in a heat exchanger in Crude Preheat Train (CPT) refinery is an unsolved problem that reduces the plant efficiency, increases fuel consumption and CO2 emission. The fouling resistance behavior is very complex. It is difficult to develop a model using first principle equation to predict the fouling resistance due to different operating conditions and different crude blends. In this paper, Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) MultiLayer Perceptron (MLP) with input structure using Nonlinear Auto-Regressive with eXogenous (NARX) is utilized to build the fouling resistance model in shell and tube heat exchanger (STHX). The input data of the model are flow rates and temperatures of the streams of the heat exchanger, physical properties of product and crude blend data. This model serves as a predicting tool to optimize operating conditions and preventive maintenance of STHX. The results show that the model can capture the complexity of fouling characteristics in heat exchanger due to thermodynamic conditions and variations in crude oil properties (blends). It was found that the Root Mean Square Error (RMSE) are suitable to capture the nonlinearity and complexity of the STHX fouling resistance during phases of training and validation.

  8. Marketing Research on Practical Training Abroad

    OpenAIRE

    Karsikas, Krista

    2013-01-01

    The aim of the thesis was to conduct a marketing research on the vocational school students’ interest in carrying out their practical training in Spain. The thesis was made in collaboration with a student service agency called Spain Internship SC, a company which offers internship places around Spain for students and recent graduates. The main purpose of the research made for the thesis was to find out the students’ interest in carrying out their practical training abroad and also to find ou...

  9. Effect of exercise training on leucine oxidation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Oxidation of the BCAA leucine is increased during a bout of exhaustive exercise. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of exercise training on leu oxidation during aerobic exercise. Female Sprague-Dawley rats were fed a commercial diet ad lib and divided into sedentary and two trained groups. Animals were trained to run on a treadmill with a 100 incline at 28 m/min for 5 wks for either 50 or 120 min/day. There were no differences in food intake or body weight. After a 12 hr fast, animals were run for 50 or 120 min and changes in leu catabolism determined by measurement of in vivo leu oxidation and activity of branched chain keto acid dehydrogenase (BCKAD). For measurement of leu oxidation, rats were injected IP with 4 μCi 1-14C-leu during the last 15 min of exercise, placed in glass metabolic chambers, and 14CO2 collected in 1 N NaOH for 30 min periods. Leu oxidation was increased by 40% after 50 min of exercise and by 79% after 120 min of exercise. Five weeks of training reduced the rate of leu oxidation during an exercise bout. The activity of the BCKAD was not increased in the trained animals after either 50 or 120 min of exercise. These data indicate that the rate of leu oxidation during exercises is dependent on the duration of the exercise and that training will reduce the magnitude of this effect

  10. DOVIS 2.0: an efficient and easy to use parallel virtual screening tool based on AutoDock 4.0

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wallqvist Anders

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Small-molecule docking is an important tool in studying receptor-ligand interactions and in identifying potential drug candidates. Previously, we developed a software tool (DOVIS to perform large-scale virtual screening of small molecules in parallel on Linux clusters, using AutoDock 3.05 as the docking engine. DOVIS enables the seamless screening of millions of compounds on high-performance computing platforms. In this paper, we report significant advances in the software implementation of DOVIS 2.0, including enhanced screening capability, improved file system efficiency, and extended usability. Implementation To keep DOVIS up-to-date, we upgraded the software's docking engine to the more accurate AutoDock 4.0 code. We developed a new parallelization scheme to improve runtime efficiency and modified the AutoDock code to reduce excessive file operations during large-scale virtual screening jobs. We also implemented an algorithm to output docked ligands in an industry standard format, sd-file format, which can be easily interfaced with other modeling programs. Finally, we constructed a wrapper-script interface to enable automatic rescoring of docked ligands by arbitrarily selected third-party scoring programs. Conclusion The significance of the new DOVIS 2.0 software compared with the previous version lies in its improved performance and usability. The new version makes the computation highly efficient by automating load balancing, significantly reducing excessive file operations by more than 95%, providing outputs that conform to industry standard sd-file format, and providing a general wrapper-script interface for rescoring of docked ligands. The new DOVIS 2.0 package is freely available to the public under the GNU General Public License.

  11. Study on Training Scheme for New Farmers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Farmers play an important role in agricultural modernization,and farmers’quality directly influence the agricultural modernization drive. We analyzed basic situations and existing problems of farmers,including lack of consciousness as a master,cultural awareness,market awareness,skill awareness,and democracy and legal awareness.To build new farmers,we put forward multi-channel and comprehensive training schemes,including enhancing leadership,making clear objective,and giving top priority to subjects;increasing fund input and perfecting new farmer training system;focusing on economic development and combining with new socialist countryside construction;training by classification to improve overall qualities of different level farmers;combining many cultivation ways to improve the overall training effect.

  12. Unifying Adversarial Training Algorithms with Flexible Deep Data Gradient Regularization

    OpenAIRE

    Ororbia II, Alexander G.; Giles, C. Lee; Kifer, Daniel

    2016-01-01

    We present DataGrad, a general back-propagation style training procedure for deep neural architectures that uses regularization of a deep Jacobian-based penalty. It can be viewed as a deep extension of the layerwise contractive auto-encoder penalty. More importantly, it unifies previous proposals for adversarial training of deep neural nets -- this list includes directly modifying the gradient, training on a mix of original and adversarial examples, using contractive penalties, and approximat...

  13. Finite Element Analysis of Light Steelwork Based on AutoCAD Object-oriented%基于AutoCAD面向对象的轻型钢结构有限元分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐又红

    2003-01-01

    提出了一种基于AutoCAD面向对象技术的轻型钢结构有限元分析方法.首先采用面向对象的技术建立轻型钢结构的计算机表示模型,在利用ObjectARX2000开发平台实现三维钢结构的结构自动设计的基础上,直接访问AutoCAD的数据库,提取并计算有限元的必要数据,利用面向对象的方法构建有限元分析所需要的类.最后,进行了实例化.

  14. Application Analysis of Auto-Switch-on Device in the Guangdong 110 kV Power Grid%广东110 kV电网备自投装置的应用分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高崇; 龚贤夫; 李作红

    2014-01-01

    Considering effects of the auto-switch-on device on the power quality improvement this paper examines the ope-rating conditions and action requirements of the auto-switch-on device. For a 110 kV substation connected with distributed power,the paper studies fluctuations of the system voltage and frequency when the main supply power is tripped. Based on applications of the transmission line auto-switch-on device,bus auto-switch-on device and regional power grid of auto-switch-on device in the Guangdong Power Grid,the paper explains the principles of restoring the substation power supply of the various types of auto-switch-on devices. And to improve the reliability of the auto-switch-on device,the paper proposes measures to be taken for strengthening the management and associated discon-nection of distributed power. Implementation of these measures helps to reduce the impact of distributed power on the auto-switch-on device,shorten the time of the auto-switch-on device and improve the regional power supply reliability and lessen the load loss of the substation.%结合备自投装置对提高供电可靠性的作用,分析了备自投装置的动作条件和动作要求,针对含有分布式电源接入的110 kV变电站,研究了主供电源因故障跳闸后,系统电压、频率变化情况。通过线路、母联和区域备自投装置在广东电网的应用,论述了各种类型备自投装置恢复对变电站供电的原理,同时为提高备自投装置动作可靠性,提出了应采取加强小电源接线管理和联切小电源的应对措施。通过应对措施,可减少小电源对备自投装置的影响,缩短备自投装置动作时间,提高了地区供电可靠性,减少了变电站的负荷损失。

  15. Report on the training for an intruder

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Crisis management section members of Japan Nuclear Cycle Development Institute (JNC) Tokai Works had implemented two types of trainings against terrorism in last Japanese fiscal year and improved the countermeasure against the terrorism. In this fiscal year we trained against the new type of terrorism in the period of about 1 year later of a series of attacks on America by terrorism. As a result of the training some points which need further improvements and new weak points have been availed as follows. (1) Enlightenment of workers' senses against terrorism. Few members of the Emergency Control Center, workers and guards looked tensionless in the training. The sense against terrorism needs to be enlightened. (2) Speediness of initial response. In this training the events using a car went on more rapidly than expected. The rapid response to counter terrorism needs to be examined. (3) Improvement of fundamental countermeasures. The fundamental response of the workers to the terrorism under limited condition before the guard authorities' arrival has been improved further more through the education and trainings. (4) Completeness of the prevention of terrorism. After terrorism occurs, Tokai Works is helpless until the guard authorities arrive. First of all the measure to avoid terrorism occurrence is important. (5) Strengthen the cooperation with the guard authorities. Besides completeness of the prevention of terrorism it is necessary to cope with the guard authorities at ordinary times against an emergency. (author)

  16. AutoFP: a GUI for highly automated Rietveld refinement using an expert system algorithm based on FullProf

    OpenAIRE

    Cui, Xiaopeng; Feng, Zhenjie; Jin, Yuan; Cao, Yiming; Deng, Dongmei; Chu, Hao; Cao, Shixun; Dong, Cheng; Zhang, Jincang

    2015-01-01

    AutoFP, a highly automated software toolkit, has been developed to improve the extent of automation of the widely used Rietveld refinement program FullProf [Rodríguez-Carvajal (1993). Physica B, 192, 55-69]. An expert system algorithm is used as the control layer to simulate the manual process when FullProf is used to perform Rietveld refinement. This enables the program to complete the Rietveld refinement highly automatically. It is shown that the expert system algorithm is a good choice for...

  17. 包装纸盒设计系统--Visual Basic.NET二次开发AutoCAD%A packaging carton design system-- Visual Basic. NET second development on the base of AutoCAD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    迟建; 李晓娟; 于志彬; 陈志周; 赵红梅

    2005-01-01

    AutoCAD为平台,并选择Visual Basic.NET作为二次开发语言,建立了具有平面盒坯图的参数化设计、纸盒自动折叠成型的动画演示、三维实体的渲染等功能的包装纸盒设计系统,为包装CAD提供一种新的方法.

  18. Improving the Design Process for Auto-body GD&T Based on Computer-Aided Design%车身GD&T设计流程改进

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾思铭; 沈利冰; 金隼; 储国平

    2011-01-01

    According to the needs of vehicle manufacturers'product design department, and in light to the defects in the traditional design process of GD&T, computer-aided design tools are used to optimize the design process of GD&T: analyzing and classifying the related auto-body parts feature data, positioning benchmarks, and setting up an auto-body GD&T knowledge database integrated with industry rules and expert knowledge.Based on this database, the Computer Aided Optimization Design System for auto-body GD&T is designed with UG secondary development tools.The System can reduce the reduplicated work in the design process, so as to shorten the design cycle and enhance the design efficiency.%根据汽车制造企业产品设计部门的需求,针对传统GD&T设计流程中存在的一些不足,运用计算机辅助设计工具来对其进行优化:运用数据库知识分析和归类车身零部件相关特征信息和基准信息等资料,并结合工程设计规则和专家知识搭建一个车身尺寸公差信息的知识数据库,在此基础上运用UG二次开发工具设计一个优化车身GD&T设计流程的计算机辅助设计系统,可用于减少GD&T设计流程中大量的重复性工作,以缩短设计周期,提高设计效率.

  19. Performance Assessment of Auto-mechanism Based on Improved PSO%基于改进粒子群算法的自动机性能评估

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙致远; 郑坚; 熊超; 殷军辉

    2016-01-01

    由于自行高炮自动机状态监测中缺乏行之有效的机构性能评估手段,引入了改进粒子群算法。建立了自动机动力学模型,对后坐过程进行了动力学仿真,确定了反映机构性能的浮动曲线特征量。针对粒子群算法收敛速度慢、精度低等缺陷,对其进行改进,并结合曲线特征量对自动机性能参数进行了评估。结果表明:改进后粒子群算法的算法收敛性和结果精度都有明显的改善,有效实现了自动机的性能参数评估。%For the lack of effective method in the condition monitoring of the auto-mechanism of self-propelled anti-aircraft gun system,an approach of improved Particle Swarm Optimization(PSO)is introduced. Established the dynamic model of the auto-mechanism to simulate the recoil process and determined the characteristic quantity of the gun chest back curve to reflect the mechanical performance state,an approach of improved Particle Swarm Optimization(PSO)with better convergence and precision is proposed to evaluate the state parameters based on the curve characteristic quantity. The result shows the obvious advantage of the convergence and accuracy,and it achieves the state parameters assessment of auto-mechanism.

  20. Technical Training: Places available

    CERN Multimedia

    Monique Duval

    2005-01-01

    The number of places available may vary. Please check our Web site to find out the current availability. Places are available on the following courses: Hands-on Introduction to Python Programming: 28 - 30.6.2005 (3 days) Introduction to ANSYS: 21 - 24.6.2005 (4 days) IT3T/3 - Working remotely with Windows XP: 28.6.2005 (IT Technical Training Tutorial, free of charge) IT3T/4 - Editing Websites with Frontpage 2003: 30.6.2005 (IT Technical Training Tutorial, free of charge) Utilisation des fichiers PDF avec ACROBAT 7.0 : 5.7.2005 (1 jour) FrontPage 2003 - niveau 1 : 6-7.7.2005 (2 jours) LabVIEW base 1 : 4 - 6.7.2005 (3 jours) LabVIEW Basics 2: 7 - 8.7.2005 (2 days) WORD 2003 (Short Course I) - HowTo... Work with repetitive tasks /AutoText, AutoFormat, AutoCorrect, Find/Replace) : 4.7.2005 (afternoon) WORD 2003 (Short Course II) - HowTo... Mail merge: 5.7.2005 (afternoon) WORD 2003 (Short Course III) - HowTo (4 mornings) EXCEL 2003 (Short Course I) - HowTo... Work ...

  1. Technical Training: Places available

    CERN Multimedia

    Monique Duval

    2005-01-01

    The number of places available may vary. Please check our Web site to find out the current availability. Places are available on the following courses: Hands-on Introduction to Python Programming: 28 - 30.6.2005 (3 days) Introduction to ANSYS: 28.6 - 1.7.2005 (4 days) IT3T/3 - Working remotely with Windows XP: 28.6.2005 (IT Technical Training Tutorial, free of charge) IT3T/4 - Editing Websites with Frontpage 2003: 30.6.2005 (IT Technical Training Tutorial, free of charge) LabVIEW base 1 : 4 - 6.7.2005 (3 jours) LabVIEW Basics 2: 7 - 8.7.2005 (2 days) Utilisation des fichiers PDF avec ACROBAT 7.0 : 5.7.2005 (1 jour) FrontPage 2003 - niveau 1 : 6-7.7.2005 (2 jours) WORD 2003 (Short Course I) - HowTo... Work with repetitive tasks /AutoText, AutoFormat, AutoCorrect, Find/Replace) : 4.7.2005 (afternoon) WORD 2003 (Short Course II) - HowTo... Mail merge: 5.7.2005 (afternoon) WORD 2003 (Short Course III) - HowTo... Work with long documents : 6.7.2005 (afternoon) ACCES...

  2. The Prevalence of Musculoskeletal Disorder and the Association with Risk Factors among Auto Repair Mechanics in Klang Valley, Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Faisal AHMAD NASARUDDIN

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: The primary objective of this study was to determine the association between risk factors and the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorder (MSD among auto repair mechanics in Klang Valley, Malaysia.Methods: Overall, 191 mechanics from eight auto repair centers in Klang Valley, Malaysia were stratified sampling as participants of this study. A modified version of the general Standardized Nordic Questionnaire was used for analyses of perceived MSD in nine different parts of the body. Rapid Upper Limb Assessment (RULA, vibration measurement on hand power tool, questionnaire on job content, force exertion was used in this study. Direct logistic regression was performed to assess the impact of risk factors on the MSD prevalence. The probability limits for evaluating statistical significance was P < 0.05.Results: 87.4% of auto repair mechanics suffered from MSD. Logistic regression analysis revealed that factors were associated with symptoms on MSD: RULA (7.933, 95% CI 4.637-13.573 and orceful exertion (3.173, 95% CI 1.194 – 8.432. The magnitude of vibration of power tool exceeds action level 2.5m/s2 with (Mean=3.99+S.E. 0.071 and showed significant association with MSD in this study (P<0.05.Conclusion: Auto repair mechanics at auto repair centers in Klang Valley are likely to be exposed to a variety of ergonomic hazards and risk factors. Therefore, ergonomics awareness between employer and employee with training and information sharing shall be increase to reduce the prevalence of MSDs. Keywords: Musculoskeletal disorder (MSD, Auto repair mechanics, Hand arm vibration

  3. 基于AutoCAD的钢制轮辋滚压模具参数化设计%The Design of Parameterization of Steel Rim Rolling Die Based on AutoCAD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李柏震; 王玉增; 李亚琳; 孙会

    2011-01-01

    In order to realize the rapid design of roller mould in the auto steel rim,a secondary development of AutoCAD2010 using the c # programming language has been conducted in light of reverse engineering.According to reverse engineering,the system can get the parameters of the wheel entity;or according to car steel rim model of the state standard,the system can generate steel rim rolling die drawings quickly.It can improve the car wheel production enterprise efficiency and reduce product development cycle.%为了实现汽车钢制轮辋滚压模具的快速设计,结合反求工程的思想,基于参数化设计方法,使用C#编程语言对AutoCAD2010进行了二次开发。该系统能够根据反求工程采集的车轮实体的参数或者根据国家标准中汽车钢制轮辋型号快速生成钢制轮辋滚压模具图纸,提高汽车车轮生产企业的研发效率,缩短产品开发周期。

  4. CERN hosts training event on international management

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    CERN held its first training event on international management at the Globe on 2 October, sharing its expertise with high-level Swiss managers as part of their year-long part-time executive training programme on advanced management. CERN is often talked about in terms of impressive statistics: the coldest place in the universe, the largest accelerator, the greatest volume of data. Whilst the science is undeniably remarkable, it is backed by a management infrastructure that has to be as cutting-edge as the research it supports. On 2 October, the Learning and Development section of HR organised an event for 60 delegates to come to CERN to learn about international management from those who have taken on the management challenges at the heart of this unique institution. It was the first time that CERN had prepared such an event. SKU, a non-profit organisation, approached our management training team to arrange the event as part of a wee...

  5. Study on Auto-DR and Pre-Cooling of Commercial Buildings with Thermal Mass in California

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yin, Rongxin; Xu, Peng; Piette, Mary Ann; Kiliccote, Sila

    2010-01-09

    This paper discusses how to optimize pre-cooling strategies for buildings in a hot California climate zone with the Demand Response Quick Assessment Tool (DRQAT), a building energy simulation tool. This paper outlines the procedure used to develop and calibrate DRQAT simulation models, and applies this procedure to eleven field test buildings. The results of a comparison between the measured demand savings during the peak period and the savings predicted by the simulation model indicate that the predicted demand shed match well with measured data for the corresponding auto-demand response (Auto-DR) days. The study shows that the accuracy of the simulation models is greatly improved after calibrating the initial models with measured data. These improved models can be used to predict load reductions for automated demand response events. The simulation results were compared with field test data to confirm the actual effect of demand response strategies. Results indicate that the optimal demand response strategies worked well for most of the buildings tested in this hot climate zone.

  6. SPATIAL-SPECTRAL CLASSIFICATION BASED ON THE UNSUPERVISED CONVOLUTIONAL SPARSE AUTO-ENCODER FOR HYPERSPECTRAL REMOTE SENSING IMAGERY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    X. Han

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Current hyperspectral remote sensing imagery spatial-spectral classification methods mainly consider concatenating the spectral information vectors and spatial information vectors together. However, the combined spatial-spectral information vectors may cause information loss and concatenation deficiency for the classification task. To efficiently represent the spatial-spectral feature information around the central pixel within a neighbourhood window, the unsupervised convolutional sparse auto-encoder (UCSAE with window-in-window selection strategy is proposed in this paper. Window-in-window selection strategy selects the sub-window spatial-spectral information for the spatial-spectral feature learning and extraction with the sparse auto-encoder (SAE. Convolution mechanism is applied after the SAE feature extraction stage with the SAE features upon the larger outer window. The UCSAE algorithm was validated by two common hyperspectral imagery (HSI datasets – Pavia University dataset and the Kennedy Space Centre (KSC dataset, which shows an improvement over the traditional hyperspectral spatial-spectral classification methods.

  7. Administrative Report on Training Awards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woodward, Charles E.

    1999-01-01

    During the tenure of this award, the recipient (David Harker) conducted areas of research which resulted in the award of a doctorate degree (August 1999) from the University of Wyoming. The primary science activity was investigation of silicate dust mineralogy in comets, particularly comet C/1995 O1 (Hale-Bopp). Determination of the dust mineralogy permits us to address an important astrophysical question of relevance to the origins and evolution of solar systems, "Do comets contain relic interstellar dust grains? Since, comets represent the frozen reservoirs of primitive proto-solar dust and ice, we can gain insight into the problem of understanding the formation of protoplanetesimals in the. early solar nebula. Mid-infrared spectrophotometry (7 - 14 micron, R approx. = 180 - 360) of Hale-Bopp was obtained with the NASA/Ames HIFOGS at four distinct epochs pre- and post- perihelion ion from 1996 October through 1997 June. These observations were conducted at the Wyoming Infrared Observatory and the NASA Infrared Telescope Facility, and were supported by funds from this training grant. The emission at mid-IR wavelengths in cometary comae arises from carbon grains, and small silicate grains which produce resonance features. Hale-Bopp had the strongest silicate feature observed from any comet to date. Theoretical calculations utilizing Mie Scattering Theory were employed to construct Synthetic cometary spectra to fit with the observed HIFOGS 10 microns spectral feature of Hale-Bopp. Our analysis suggests that the observed spectra can be modeled with the Hanner grain size distribution peaked at alpha((sub p) = 0.2 microns of fractal porous grains with porosity parameter D = 2.5. This model spectrum also fits photometry points in the 3 - 5 microns region. Comparison with the ISO SWS spectrum of Hale-Bopp obtained 1996 October reveals that the crystalline olivine grains must be at it temperature hotter than computed from Mie theory.

  8. Issues on training of physicians/technologists

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: With the rapid advances of technology and radiopharmaceutical development training must be constantly adapted to meet the necessary quality standards. According to a recent survey of the European Association of Nuclear Medicine (EANM) Board exams are requested for nuclear medicine physicians in 21/28 European countries, in 9 and 8 countries for physicists and radiopharmacists, respectively and 14 countries for technologists. Furthermore, the European Board of Nuclear Medicine organises each year a European Board exam that confers the title of European fellow to European specialists in Nuclear Medicine who have successfully passed the written and oral parts of these exams. In recent years this exam has been made available also to colleagues from non-European countries that by passing the exam are attested that their knowledge and ability fulfils European standards. Concerning the content of training, the revised version of the syllabus, is a condensed catalogue of training requirements, has been published in the European Journal of Nuclear Medicine (2007;34:433436). It clearly states the scopes and limits of the medical specialty of nuclear medicine on which are based the formative objectives that include basic and specific theoretical, as well as integrative objectives. Finally the requirements in basic science and clinical training are enumerated. nuclear medicine is a complex speciality, which is characterised by extensive transversality asking for broad basic, clinical and technological knowledge. Training programmes must take this diversity into consideration. The arrival of multimodality imaging, today PET and SPECT coupled to CT, tomorrow also to magnetic resonance scanners represent an additional challenge. It is the absolute right of the patient to have his/her imaging study interpreted by the most competent physician. It is, however, with the increasing workload not possible to have all PET or SPECT-CT studies interpreted by both, a specialist

  9. Automatic detection of AutoPEEP during controlled mechanical ventilation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nguyen Quang-Thang

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Dynamic hyperinflation, hereafter called AutoPEEP (auto-positive end expiratory pressure with some slight language abuse, is a frequent deleterious phenomenon in patients undergoing mechanical ventilation. Although not readily quantifiable, AutoPEEP can be recognized on the expiratory portion of the flow waveform. If expiratory flow does not return to zero before the next inspiration, AutoPEEP is present. This simple detection however requires the eye of an expert clinician at the patient’s bedside. An automatic detection of AutoPEEP should be helpful to optimize care. Methods In this paper, a platform for automatic detection of AutoPEEP based on the flow signal available on most of recent mechanical ventilators is introduced. The detection algorithms are developed on the basis of robust non-parametric hypothesis testings that require no prior information on the signal distribution. In particular, two detectors are proposed: one is based on SNT (Signal Norm Testing and the other is an extension of SNT in the sequential framework. The performance assessment was carried out on a respiratory system analog and ex-vivo on various retrospectively acquired patient curves. Results The experiment results have shown that the proposed algorithm provides relevant AutoPEEP detection on both simulated and real data. The analysis of clinical data has shown that the proposed detectors can be used to automatically detect AutoPEEP with an accuracy of 93% and a recall (sensitivity of 90%. Conclusions The proposed platform provides an automatic early detection of AutoPEEP. Such functionality can be integrated in the currently used mechanical ventilator for continuous monitoring of the patient-ventilator interface and, therefore, alleviate the clinician task.

  10. Recycling of auto shredder residue.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nourreddine, Menad

    2007-01-31

    Currently, about 75% of end-of-life vehicle's (ELV) total weight is recycled in EU countries. The remaining 25%, which is called auto shredder residues (ASR) or auto fluff, is disposed of as landfill because of its complexity. It is a major challenge to reduce this percentage of obsolete cars. The European draft directive states that by the year 2006, only 15% of the vehicle's weight can be disposed of at landfill sites and by 2015, this will be reduced to 5%. The draft directive states that a further 10% can be incinerated. The quantities of shredder fluff are likely to increase in the coming years. This is because of the growing number of cars being scrapped, coupled with the increase in the amount of plastics used in cars. In Sweden, some current projects are focusing on recycling of ASR material. In this paper some different alternatives for using this material are reported. The hypothetical injection of ASR into a blast furnace concentrating on ASR's effect to some blast furnace (BF) parameters has been completed using a blast furnace mass balance model. As a result, in principle, ASR can be used as reducing agent in the BF process if certain conditions are met. The particle size of ASR material must be controlled to ensure optimal gasification of the material in the raceway. Regarding the chemical composition of ASR, the non-ferrous content can affect the pig iron quality, which is difficult to rectify at a later point. The most attractive recycling alternative is to use the products obtained from pyrolysis of ASR in appropriate metallurgical processes. PMID:16600493

  11. High signal-to-noise ratio sensing with Shack–Hartmann wavefront sensor based on auto gain control of electron multiplying CCD

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Zhao-Yi; Li, Da-Yu; Hu, Li-Fa; Mu, Quan-Quan; Yang, Cheng-Liang; Cao, Zhao-Liang; Xuan, Li

    2016-09-01

    High signal-to-noise ratio can be achieved with the electron multiplying charge-coupled-device (EMCCD) applied in the Shack–Hartmann wavefront sensor (S–H WFS) in adaptive optics (AO). However, when the brightness of the target changes in a large scale, the fixed electron multiplying (EM) gain will not be suited to the sensing limitation. Therefore an auto-gain-control method based on the brightness of light-spots array in S–H WFS is proposed in this paper. The control value is the average of the maximum signals of every light spot in an array, which has been demonstrated to be kept stable even under the influence of some noise and turbulence, and sensitive enough to the change of target brightness. A goal value is needed in the control process and it is predetermined based on the characters of EMCCD. Simulations and experiments have demonstrated that this auto-gain-control method is valid and robust, the sensing SNR reaches the maximum for the corresponding signal level, and especially is greatly improved for those dim targets from 6 to 4 magnitude in the visual band. Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11174274, 61205021, and 61405194) and the State Key Laboratory of Applied Optics, Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics and Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences.

  12. 基于SERVQUAL的汽车4S店服务质量评价%Service Quality Evaluation of Auto 4S shop Based on SERVQUAL

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡斌祥; 严岿; 李江天

    2011-01-01

    汽车服务对于汽车厂商的市场竞争具有重要的意义,在深入分析汽车4S店服务特点的基础上,以SERVQUAL模型为基础,开发了衡量汽车4S店服务质量的量表,以实现对汽车4S店服务质量的科学评价,对于提高汽车4S店的服务质量具有一定的意义.%Car service is significant for car makers in the market competition. The characteristics of auto 4S shops' services were investigated. Based on the SERVQUAL model,service quality of automotive 4S shop was measured. Scientific evaluation on the service quality was then achieved. It is of great positive significance for the service quality improvement of the auto 4S Shops.

  13. The Impact of Product Market Competition on Training Provision

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lai, Tat-kei; Ng, Travis

    While standard models of training focus on how the structure of the input market affects training provisions of firms, this paper investigates the relationship between product market competition and training provision. Using the longitudinal and nationally representative data from Statistics Canada...... training provisions. To the extent that training is a significant source of human capital and industry competitiveness, our empirical results suggest increasing training is a significant channel through which competition raises productivity....

  14. The Effects of High Intensity Interval Training vs Steady State Training on Aerobic and Anaerobic Capacity

    OpenAIRE

    Foster, Carl; Farland, Courtney V.; Guidotti, Flavia; Harbin, Michelle; Roberts, Brianna; Schuette, Jeff; Tuuri, Andrew; Doberstein, Scott T.; Porcari, John P.

    2015-01-01

    High intensity interval training (HIIT) has become an increasingly popular form of exercise due to its potentially large effects on exercise capacity and small time requirement. This study compared the effects of two HIIT protocols vs steady-state training on aerobic and anaerobic capacity following 8-weeks of training. Fifty-five untrained college-aged subjects were randomly assigned to three training groups (3x weekly). Steady-state (n = 19) exercised (cycle ergometer) 20 minutes at 90% of ...

  15. Adaptive skin detection based on online training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Ming; Tang, Liang; Zhou, Jie; Rong, Gang

    2007-11-01

    Skin is a widely used cue for porn image classification. Most conventional methods are off-line training schemes. They usually use a fixed boundary to segment skin regions in the images and are effective only in restricted conditions: e.g. good lightness and unique human race. This paper presents an adaptive online training scheme for skin detection which can handle these tough cases. In our approach, skin detection is considered as a classification problem on Gaussian mixture model. For each image, human face is detected and the face color is used to establish a primary estimation of skin color distribution. Then an adaptive online training algorithm is used to find the real boundary between skin color and background color in current image. Experimental results on 450 images showed that the proposed method is more robust in general situations than the conventional ones.

  16. Design on Remote Auto Measurement and Control Device of Date Recorder%远程自动数据记录器测控装置设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李京蔓; 张彦军

    2013-01-01

    At present, there still are three deficiencies for the auto measurement and control device of data recorder , no monitoring function or low monitoring capacity; low reliability of instructions that are controlled by upper computer software in the monitoring process and monitoring distance is short. The three issues, describe the design of the remote auto measurement and control device of rocket data recorder in detail are focused on.%目前数据记录器自动测控装置存在无监测或监测能力低、监测过程中上位机软指令可靠性低、监测距离短等不足.围绕这三个问题详细介绍了远程自动数据记录器测控装置的设计.此系统已配合弹载数据记录器应用于某发射试验中,完成了对弹载数据记录器的记录及监测及数据回读.

  17. Influence of fuel type, dilution and equivalence ratio on the emission reduction from the auto-ignition in an Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition engine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Machrafi, Hatim [UPMC Universite Paris 06, ENSCP, 11 rue de Pierre et Marie Curie, 75005 Paris (France); UPMC Universite Paris 06, Institut Jean Le Rond D' Alembert, 4 place Jussieu, 75252 Paris cedex 05 (France); Universite Libre de Bruxelles, TIPs - Fluid Physics, CP165/67, 50 Avenue F.D. Roosevelt, 1050 Brussels (Belgium); Cavadias, Simeon [UPMC Universite Paris 06, ENSCP, 11 rue de Pierre et Marie Curie, 75005 Paris (France); UPMC Universite Paris 06, Institut Jean Le Rond D' Alembert, 4 place Jussieu, 75252 Paris cedex 05 (France); Amouroux, Jacques [UPMC Universite Paris 06, ENSCP, 11 rue de Pierre et Marie Curie, 75005 Paris (France)

    2010-04-15

    One technology that seems to be promising for automobile pollution reduction is the Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI). This technology still faces auto-ignition and emission-control problems. This paper focuses on the emission problem, since it is incumbent to realize engines that pollute less. For this purpose, this paper presents results concerning the measurement of the emissions of CO, NO{sub x}, CO{sub 2}, O{sub 2} and hydrocarbons. HCCI conditions are used, with equivalence ratios between 0.26 and 0.54, inlet temperatures of 70 C and 120 C and compression ratios of 10.2 and 13.5, with different fuel types: gasoline, gasoline surrogate, diesel, diesel surrogate and mixtures of n-heptane/toluene. The effect of dilution is considered for gasoline, while the effect of the equivalence ratio is considered for all the fuels. No significant amount of NO{sub x} has been measured. It appeared that the CO, O{sub 2} and hydrocarbon emissions were reduced by decreasing the toluene content of the fuel and by decreasing the dilution. The opposite holds for CO{sub 2}. The reduction of the hydrocarbon emission appears to compete with the reduction of the CO{sub 2} emission. Diesel seemed to produce less CO and hydrocarbons than gasoline when auto-ignited. An example of emission reduction control is presented in this paper. (author)

  18. An American on a British Train

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    大川

    2004-01-01

    A young American entered a compartment on a British train, and discovered that all seats were occupied, including one on which a small dog was seated. To his owner, a middle-aged lady who wore a large hat, he said po-

  19. Repercussões na auto-estima provocadas pela tricotomia em craniotomia Repercusiones en la auto estima provocadas por la tricotomía en craneotomía Hair removal repercussions on patient's self-esteem in craniotomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Solange Diccini

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do estudo foi avaliar a repercussão da tricotomia na autoestima do paciente no pós-operatório de craniotomia. Estudo quantitativo do tipo prospectivo. Os dados mostram que a maioria dos pacientes referiu não ter sua autoestima alterada em função da tricotomia; predomina a manutenção da autoestima entre os pacientes que receberam orientação sobre a tricotomia; a maioria fez uso de acessórios como estratégia para ocultar a área raspada, e acredita que a tricotomia não prejudica a qualidade de vida nem interfere nas relações sociais. Conclui-se que os sentimentos relacionados à diminuição da autoestima são a perda da atração, a insegurança e a vergonha; há a necessidade de uso de acessórios para melhorar a auto-imagem, e os profissionais da saúde devem trabalhar com os aspectos psicossociais dos pacientes no pré e pós-operatórios.El objetivo del estudio fue evaluar la repercusión de la tricotomía en la auto estima del paciente en el posoperatorio de craneotomía. Estudio cuantitativo del tipo prospectivo. Los datos muestran que la mayoría de los pacientes refirió no tener su auto estima alterada en función de la tricotomía; predomina el mantenimiento de la auto estima entre los pacientes que recibieron orientación sobre la tricotomía; la mayoría hizo uso de accesorios como estrategia para ocultar el área raspada y piensa que la tricotomía no perjudica la calidad de vida y no interfiere en las relaciones sociales. Se concluye que los sentimientos relacionados a la disminución de la auto estima son la pérdida de la atracción, la inseguridad y la vergüenza; hay necesidad de usar de accesorios para mejorar la auto imagen y los profesionales de la salud deben trabajar con los aspectos psicosociales de los pacientes en el pre y pos operatorio.This quantitative-based, prospective-oriented study aims to evaluate the repercussion of hair removal in post-craniotomy's patient self-esteem. Data show that

  20. Application and Implementation of the Structured Assembly Process Planning in A Auto Enterprise Based on TS16949

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sun Jiakun

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Process planning is the key link that connects the product design and manufacture. In order to continually improve the effectiveness and efficiency of process planning an auto enterprise in consistent with the process management requirements of TS16949, the requirements for assembly process planning is analysed and the main problems affecting the design and production efficiency are discussed. The infrastructure of the structured process planning and management platform is constructed combing the management technology and TS16949 quality system, then the structured PPPR (product, process, plant and resourcemodel is reintegrated to analyze the relationships among the objects with the object-oriented method. In the end, with the principles of maintaining conveniently and operating practically, the assembly process planning and management system is implemented according to the characteristics of the process in the enterprise, and the main function modules of the system are described.

  1. Sajandi Auto / Willem J. Staat

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Staat, Willem J.

    1998-01-01

    Näitus 'Car of the Century' toimus 27. juunist 5. juulini Amsterdamis, 21. augustist 7. septembrini Torontos. Edasi liigub näitus Pariisi, Melbourne'i ja Lissaboni. Võistluse korraldusest. Lõplikult selgitatakse Sajandi Auto 4. detsembril 1999.

  2. Auto-correlation Properties of Scattering Light in Ultrasound-modulated Random Media

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Xiqin; XING Da; LIU Ying; MA Shining

    2001-01-01

    In this paper, the auto-correlation properties of scattering light in random media modulated by ultrasound were studied. The expression of temporal auto-correlation function of scattering light amplitude in the ultrasound-modulated media was presented. The results show that the auto-correlation function is modulated as the ultrasound is introduced into the media and the modulation amplitude decays with correlation time. The influences of ultrasound amplitude, Brownian diffusion coefficient, scattering and absorption coefficients on auto-correlation function were discussed. The auto-correlation imaging of an object hidden in random media was also studied by the use of Monte Carlo simulations.

  3. 75 FR 78807 - Agency Information Collection (Other On-The-Job Training and Apprenticeship Training Agreement...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-16

    ... ] OMB Desk Officer, OMB Human Resources and Housing Branch, New Executive Office Building, Room 10235... AFFAIRS Agency Information Collection (Other On-The-Job Training and Apprenticeship Training Agreement and Standards and Employer's Application To Provide Job Training) Activity Under OMB Review AGENCY:...

  4. Green Project in Auto Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang Wei

    2007-01-01

    @@ Automobile industry in China is developing very fast,which brings great business opportunities.In 2006,China was ranked the third in the world only after the United States and Japan in terms of auto sales.As the vehicle population in China is rocketing,a series of related social problems are emerging.How to fast develop auto industfy,and at the same time,protect our lwing environment? A green project is in urgent need.

  5. The Impact of Product Market Competition on Training Provision

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lai, Tat-kei; Ng, Travis

    2014-01-01

    While standard models of training focus on how input market affects firms' training decisions, this paper investigates the impact of product market competition on training provision. Using the longitudinal data from Statistics Canada's Workplace and Employee Survey, we find that increased...... that increasing training is an important channel through which competition raises productivity....

  6. 38 CFR 21.134 - Limitation on flight training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Limitation on flight.... Chapter 31 Educational and Vocational Training Services § 21.134 Limitation on flight training. Flight... that include required flight training. This type of training is otherwise subject to the...

  7. Towards a Rate of Return on Training: Assessing the Research on the Benefits of Employer-provided Training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barrett, Alan; Hovels, Ben

    1998-01-01

    A research review finds that (1) return on investment in training has rarely been calculated; (2) training has positive effects on wages and productivity; (3) different types of training have different effects on productivity; and (4) individuals and employers have objectives for training other than wages and productivity. (SK)

  8. Japan on Track for Second Maanetic Train

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王全良

    1996-01-01

    Japan’s famous magnetic levitation train, Maglev,has a rival that couldbe operated sooner. A system run by a subsidiary of Japan Airlines will startrunning commercially in 1999 on a track near Yokohama. Like Maglev, theHigh Speed Surface Transport (HSST) will be supported and propelled by mag-nets, though they will be in different configuration.

  9. Effectiveness of on-the-job training

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Klink, van der Marcel R.; Streumer, Jan N.

    2002-01-01

    Investigates the effectiveness of on-the-job training (OJT). Presents a definition of OJT used for this research project which involved two studies: the first in the call centres of a large company, and the second in post offices. Gives the results of the study which indicate the OJT programs were o

  10. 基于工作过程的汽车维护课程开发和实践%Auto Maintenance Curriculum Development and Practice Based on Working Process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李穗平

    2012-01-01

    This paper analyzes the basic ideas of training objectives and curriculum design of vocational technical vehicle inspection and maintenance work on the process of professional "Auto maintenance" course, from curriculum design, cur- riculum organization and curriculum assessment programs in curriculum development described and practice of specific practices, listed in detail in the design of the curriculum development process of the seven learning scenarios.%文章分析了高职汽车检测与维修技术专业基于工作过程的汽车维护课程的培养目标和课程设计的基本思路。从课程内容的设计、课程的教学组织和课程考核方案等方面阐述了课程开发和实践的具体做法,详细列举了该课程开发过程中设计的七大学习情景。

  11. Research for Computer Aided Design based on Visual Fortran and AutoCAD%基于Visual Fortran和AutoCAD的计算机辅助设计研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白新理; 周生通; 李涛峰; 王清云

    2009-01-01

    Aimed at the fussy details of artificial design of engineering products, taking the fist - level gears transmission for example, using Visual Fortran to carry out the design calculation and the software interface design; adopting programs and database to store and retrieve design data; applying interface programs of Fortran - AutoCAD secondary development to realize the automatic drawing of engineering graphics; and finally could develop a practical CAD System. As a result, the system shows to be easy to learn and use, can greatly improve the design efficiency and quality and is valuable to use widely.%针对工程产品手工设计工作繁琐的缺点,以一级齿轮传动为例,利用Visual Fortran进行设计计算与软件界面设计,借助自编程序及数据库技术存储和管理设计数据,使用开发的Fortran-AutoCAD接口程序来实现工程图自动绘制,最终可开发出一个自动化设计的软件.结果证明,研究成果简单易学,使用方便,能大大提高设计效率和质量,值得广泛推广.

  12. 基于零序电流分布的自耦变压器电流保护分析%Analysis of Current Protection for Auto-Transformer Based on Zero-Sequence Current Distribution

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张连杰

    2011-01-01

    文中基于自耦变压器零序电流的分布特点,探讨了自耦变压器零序电流保护的构成及整定原则,重点分析了自耦变压器零序差动保护。%Based on zero-sequence current distributed characteristics of auto-transformer,the construction and setting principle of zero-sequence current protection is discussed in this paper.Particularly analyses zero-sequence current different protection of auto-transformer.

  13. An Illustrated Study on Foreign Investment --Analyzing the Auto Case in Gyeonggi-Do%外资投资案例评价——京畿道平泽市双龙汽车个案

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    边茂雄; 全优

    2011-01-01

    本文在分析韩国双龙汽车与中国上海汽车之间关系的基础上,检讨中韩双方对待双龙汽车事件各自所持的赞同和反对意见,并对其观点和论据进行概括性分析。%On the basis of the analysis of the relationship between the South Korean Ssangyong Auto and China Shanghai Auto, the arguments and evidences of both sides are analyzed together with their attitudes towards the Ssangyong Motor incidents.

  14. Flexible Training Strategy (National Task Force on Medical Staffing)

    OpenAIRE

    Department of Health

    2003-01-01

    Flexible Training Strategy (National Task Force on Medical Staffing) The Flexible Training Strategy, while endorsing flexible/part-time options recognises that the preferred option for the majority of doctors-in-training and consultants is most likely to continue to be full-time training and work. Click here to download PDF

  15. 46 CFR 310.60 - Training on subsidized vessels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Shipping MARITIME ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION TRAINING MERCHANT MARINE TRAINING Admission and Training of Midshipmen at the United States Merchant Marine Academy § 310.60 Training on...-1308, Merchant Marine Act, 1936, as amended, (46 U.S.C. 1114(b); and 1295 through 1295g); Pub. L....

  16. The Supervisor and On-the-Job Training. Fourth Edition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Broadwell, Martin M.

    This training book is designed to help supervisors give accurate and effective on-the-job training (OJT) to employees under their supervision. Chapter 1 identifies good and bad training and good and bad reasons for training. Chapter 2 examines human learning and three motivators: desire for reward, fear of punishment, and curiosity. Chapter 3…

  17. Auto-correlation Effects on the sp3-d Exchange Interaction in Cd1-xMnxTe/CdTe Multilayers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    K. Afif; A. Benyoussef; J. Diouri

    2002-01-01

    Band offsets and total energy of Wannier excitons in multilayers are affected by dimensional and auto-correlation effects, and sp3-d coupling is consequently modified. Thus, the calculation of the Zeeman splitting in the quantum wells has to take into account these effects, especially when the mismatch cannot be disregarded. In this work,the theoretical study of these combined effects has been performed for Cd1-xMnx Te/CdTe multilayers embedded by Cd1-yZny Te as the substrate (or the buffer) on one side and as a cladding layer on the other side. This sample allows us to highlight the role played by the substrate (buffer) and the growth direction on the Zeeman splitting in such multilayers.

  18. The effects of driver training on simulated driving performance

    OpenAIRE

    Dorn, Lisa; Barker, D.

    2005-01-01

    Given that the beneficial effects of driver training on accident risk may not be an appropriate criterion measure, this study investigates whether professionally trained and experienced drivers exhibit safer driving behaviour in a simulated driving task compared with drivers without professional driver training. A sample of 54 police trained drivers and a sample of 56 non-police trained drivers were required to complete two tasks. Firstly to overtake a slow-moving bus on a hazardous stretch o...

  19. A Study on Summer Pharmaceutical Industrial Training

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saurbh

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Practical exposure of industrial operation, set up and management is very crucial part in learning and to be skilled for competitive and global demand in pharmaceutical industry. To fulfill these objectives industrial training is mandatory for the award of B. Pharm. Degree. Being a student who wants to mark in industrial field, the best place to gain practical understanding of production is to do summer training in the production department of Pharmaceutical Industry which can be regarded as one of the most dynamic industry in India. The student have proud to work as an internee in pharmaceutical industry and the experience will surely help me in future assignments as a marketing professional. The absolute guidance and concern of higher management of the staff of all departments especially the marketing department facilitated in making my summer Training a wonderful learning experience in all aspects. Summer training is given for six weeks was based on industrial project. Through these projects, the trainee become able to get direct interaction with different chemists along with staff of Production, Q.A., Q.C. and Logistics, Administration and Human Resources Departments of pharmaceutical industry.

  20. The Impact of Reason for Training on the Relationship between "Best Practices" and Sexual Harassment Training Effectiveness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perry, Elissa L.; Kulik, Carol T.; Bustamante, Jennifer; Golom, Frank D.

    2010-01-01

    The current study explored the use of best training practices on human resources managers' perceptions of sexual harassment training success and frequency of sexual harassment complaints. Results revealed no main effects of best training practices on sexual harassment training success. However, effects of best training practices on sexual…

  1. 农机具自动调平控制系统设计与试验%Design and experiment on auto leveling control system of agricultural implements

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡炼; 林潮兴; 罗锡文; 杨伟伟; 许奕; 周浩; 张智刚

    2015-01-01

    To ensure agricultural implement level can improve the quality of work in agricultural machinery operation process. In order to maintain the level of agricultural implements in the field working, an agricultural implement auto leveling control system was developed. Real-time roll angle of tractor was obtained from tractor roll angle sensing system. The core algorithm of tractor roll angle sensing system was the Kalman filtering algorithm of tractor roll angle, which fused an accelerometer and gyroscope data to obtain the real-time roll angle of tractor. The leveling hydraulic cylinder elongation was measured using a straight-line displacement sensor. And the relative roll angle conversion function between agricultural implements and tractor was established. Then by controlling the electromagnetic directional valve, the agricultural implement was kept leveling. This article introduced the principle and structure of agricultural implement auto leveling control system, and the Kalman filtering algorithm of tractor roll angle and the relative roll angle conversion function were analyzed in detail. The tractor roll angle’s Kalman fusion algorithm was tested in SGT320E three-axis turntable platform, and the experiment of agricultural implement auto leveling control system was carried out in the paddy field based on a matching 1PJ-3.0 laser leveler for paddy field. The leveler featured a specially designed leveling plow connected to an ISEKI PG6 transplanter by means of a hydraulically driven three-point linkage. The auto leveling controller used the Proportional-Derivative (PD) control algorithm to calculate pulse width, modulating for driving two ordinary hydraulic solenoid valves as actuators to regulate the plow’s leveling. In order to evaluate the precision of tractor roll angle sensing system and auto leveling control system, 2 inertial reference systems (MTi-300) were installed in the transplanter and plow, respectively. Results showed that, the tractor roll

  2. Design and experiment on auto leveling control system of agricultural implements%农机具自动调平控制系统设计与试验

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡炼; 林潮兴; 罗锡文; 杨伟伟; 许奕; 周浩; 张智刚

    2015-01-01

    To ensure agricultural implement level can improve the quality of work in agricultural machinery operation process. In order to maintain the level of agricultural implements in the field working, an agricultural implement auto leveling control system was developed. Real-time roll angle of tractor was obtained from tractor roll angle sensing system. The core algorithm of tractor roll angle sensing system was the Kalman filtering algorithm of tractor roll angle, which fused an accelerometer and gyroscope data to obtain the real-time roll angle of tractor. The leveling hydraulic cylinder elongation was measured using a straight-line displacement sensor. And the relative roll angle conversion function between agricultural implements and tractor was established. Then by controlling the electromagnetic directional valve, the agricultural implement was kept leveling. This article introduced the principle and structure of agricultural implement auto leveling control system, and the Kalman filtering algorithm of tractor roll angle and the relative roll angle conversion function were analyzed in detail. The tractor roll angle’s Kalman fusion algorithm was tested in SGT320E three-axis turntable platform, and the experiment of agricultural implement auto leveling control system was carried out in the paddy field based on a matching 1PJ-3.0 laser leveler for paddy field. The leveler featured a specially designed leveling plow connected to an ISEKI PG6 transplanter by means of a hydraulically driven three-point linkage. The auto leveling controller used the Proportional-Derivative (PD) control algorithm to calculate pulse width, modulating for driving two ordinary hydraulic solenoid valves as actuators to regulate the plow’s leveling. In order to evaluate the precision of tractor roll angle sensing system and auto leveling control system, 2 inertial reference systems (MTi-300) were installed in the transplanter and plow, respectively. Results showed that, the tractor roll

  3. Five Ministries Jointly Regulates the Order of Auto Export

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ Flive Ministries including the Ministry of Commerce, the National Development and Reform Commission(NDRC), China Customs, General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine, National Certification and Accreditation Administration jointly promulgated a notice on November 31, 2006, announcing that from March 1, 2007,to conduct the license administration on the export of autos (including passenger cars, commercial cars, chassis and full set of auto parts).

  4. How Auto-Encoders Could Provide Credit Assignment in Deep Networks via Target Propagation

    OpenAIRE

    Bengio, Yoshua

    2014-01-01

    We propose to exploit {\\em reconstruction} as a layer-local training signal for deep learning. Reconstructions can be propagated in a form of target propagation playing a role similar to back-propagation but helping to reduce the reliance on derivatives in order to perform credit assignment across many levels of possibly strong non-linearities (which is difficult for back-propagation). A regularized auto-encoder tends produce a reconstruction that is a more likely version of its input, i.e., ...

  5. The Medical Anthropologist as the Patient: Developing Research Questions on Hospital Food in Japan through Auto-Ethnography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pamela Runestad

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available I was an inpatient at a small maternity clinic in Japan in 2012–13 and found it impossible to separate the way I experienced medical care and my training as a medical anthropologist. As I was encouraged to eat and monitor my weight so that I would “grow” a healthy baby, I recalled how interviewees from my HIV/AIDS project described nourishing their bodies so they could fight disease. Because of my experience in the healthcare system in Japan, I ended up reframing my data to add questions about the role of hospital food in patient care. Meanwhile, I developed the social networks necessary to execute a new project, which I would later undertake. In this essay I argue that medical anthropologists working from a phenomenological perspective may regard their own bodies as assets rather than hindrances in research, and that because bodies are gendered, focusing on this facet of habitus can be particularly informative. I also illustrate how systematic reflection on personal experience in the field (autoethnography aids in the development of research questions and reframing data. Finally, I discuss how highlighting these steps in research methods courses can demystify the research process for students.

  6. A study on the formation of strontium hexaferrite nanopowder by a sol-gel auto-combustion method in the presence of surfactant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Strontium hexaferrite is a hard magnetic material and has been extensively used as a permanent magnet. In this work, a novel sol-gel auto-combustion method was used to synthesize ultra-fine strontium hexaferrite, and the effect of the surfactant on the crystallite size of the final product was investigated for the first time. The DTA/TGA plot exhibited the formation temperature of hexaferrite. The XRD results show that adding surfactant to the sol does not change the composition of the combustion product and the surfactant burns completely during the combustion process. The average crystallite size of hexaferrite powders was also measured by the X-ray line broadening technique employing the Scherrer formula. The results show that adding surfactant to the gel makes the particle size of the final product much smaller

  7. Influence of pH on the structural and magnetic behavior of cobalt ferrite synthesized by sol-gel auto-combustion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cobalt ferrite (CoFe2O4) shown to be promising candidate for applications such as high-density magnetic recording, enhanced memory storage, magnetic fluids and catalysts. Utility of ferrite nanoparticles depends on its size, dispersibility in solutions, and magnetic properties. We have investigated the structural properties of synthesized cobalt ferrite nanoparticles synthesized by sol gel auto combustion for uncontrolled, acidic, neutral and basic pH values. X-ray diffraction (XRD) study confirms the cubic spinel phase formation with lattice constant 8.38 Å. In this study, we have optimized the pH value to synthesize homogenous cobalt ferrite nanoparticles with enhanced magnetic behavior. The surface morphology has been investigated by employing SEM images and the confirmation of spinel ferrite was also supported by using IR spectroscopy. Magnetic measurements for CoFe2O4 compositions (with pH <1, pH = 3, 7, 10) were investigated using VSM measurements

  8. A Packaging Carton Design System( Ⅱ )Visual Basic. NET Secondary Development on the Base of AutoCAD%包装纸盒设计系统(Ⅱ)——Visual Basic.NET二次开发AutoCAD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    迟建; 于志彬; 陈志周; 王贞强

    2006-01-01

    AutoCAD为平台,并选择Visual Basic.NET作为二次开发语言,在前面建立了具有平面盒坯图的参数化绘制、纸盒自动折叠成型的动画演示、三维实体的渲染等功能的包装纸盒设计系统的基础上,进一步完成了图层的建立,不同线型及颜色的设定,尺寸自动标注,渲染后实体的动态旋转演示等功能,使这种纸盒CAD新方法更加完善.

  9. Education and Training on ISIS Research Reactor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Foulon, F.; Badeau, G.; Lescop, B.; Wohleber, X. [French Atomic Energy and Alternative Energies Commission, Paris (France)

    2013-07-01

    In the frame of academic and vocational programs the National Institute for Nuclear Science and Technology uses the ISIS research reactor as a major tool to ensure a practical and comprehensive understanding of the nuclear reactor physics, principles and operation. A large set of training courses have been developed on ISIS, optimising both the content of the courses and the pedagogical approach. Programs with duration ranging from 3 hours (introduction to reactor operation) to 24 hours (full program for the future operators of research reactors) are carried out on ISIS reactor. The reactor is operated about 350 hours/year for education and training, about 40 % of the courses being carried out in English. Thus, every year about 400 trainees attend training courses on ISIS reactor. We present here the ISIS research reactor and the practical courses that have been developed on ISIS reactor. Emphasis is given to the pedagogical method which is used to focus on the operational and safety aspects, both in normal and incidental operation. We will present the curricula of the academic and vocational courses in which the practical courses are integrated, the courses being targeted to a wide public, including operators of research reactors, engineers involved in the design and operation of nuclear reactors as well as staff of the regulatory body. We address the very positive impact of the courses on the development of the competences and skills of participants. Finally, we describe the Internet Reactor Laboratories (IRL) that are under development and will consist in broadcasting the training courses via internet to remote facilities or institutions.

  10. Education and Training on ISIS Research Reactor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the frame of academic and vocational programs the National Institute for Nuclear Science and Technology uses the ISIS research reactor as a major tool to ensure a practical and comprehensive understanding of the nuclear reactor physics, principles and operation. A large set of training courses have been developed on ISIS, optimising both the content of the courses and the pedagogical approach. Programs with duration ranging from 3 hours (introduction to reactor operation) to 24 hours (full program for the future operators of research reactors) are carried out on ISIS reactor. The reactor is operated about 350 hours/year for education and training, about 40 % of the courses being carried out in English. Thus, every year about 400 trainees attend training courses on ISIS reactor. We present here the ISIS research reactor and the practical courses that have been developed on ISIS reactor. Emphasis is given to the pedagogical method which is used to focus on the operational and safety aspects, both in normal and incidental operation. We will present the curricula of the academic and vocational courses in which the practical courses are integrated, the courses being targeted to a wide public, including operators of research reactors, engineers involved in the design and operation of nuclear reactors as well as staff of the regulatory body. We address the very positive impact of the courses on the development of the competences and skills of participants. Finally, we describe the Internet Reactor Laboratories (IRL) that are under development and will consist in broadcasting the training courses via internet to remote facilities or institutions

  11. Effect of musical training on masking paradigm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N Devi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Musicians outperform nonmusicians on brainstem and cortical level processing. However, there are limited literature comparing musicians and nonmusicians on the overall release of masking abilities and correlation across otoacoustic emissions (OAEs, masking level difference (MLD and quick speech-in-noise (Quick-SIN. Aim: To investigate the physiological differences between musicians and nonmusicians by evaluating the effect of musical training on contralateral suppression (CAS of OAE, MLD, and Quick-SIN. Materials and Methods: Distortion product OAEs (DPOAEs recording with and without noise, MLD test using continuous (CMLD and pulsating pure tones (PMLD and Quick-SIN in Kannada were carried out on 15 musicians and 15 nonmusicians. Results: Musicians outperformed nonmusicians on Quick-SIN and CAS of OAEs. However, no significant difference was observed between two groups on CMLD and PMLD. There was a significant difference observed in CMLD, PMLD as well as suppression amplitude across frequencies tested in both groups. A significant difference between PMLD and CMLD was observed only for musicians at 2 kHz. In both groups, there was a significant level of correlation for CAS of DPOAE and Quick-SIN with CMLD and with PMLD between the parameters tested. Conclusion: The results of our finding suggest that CAS of DPOAE and Quick-SIN are sensitive tools to quantify the effect of musical training, compared to MLD. Musical training helps to strengthen afferent and efferent pathways, and hence it aids in speech perception abilities in noise. Hence, for the intervention of individuals with difficulties in speech perception in noise, musical training can be a choice to be considered. As well for appropriate diagnosis and interpretation, one needs to consider the musical experience of individual tested.

  12. 自动舵电路板故障测试系统研究%Research on fault test for circuit boards of auto rudders

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李天伟; 李正友; 黄谦

    2013-01-01

    The fault test for the circuit board of auto rudders is usually made by the manufacturer factory. That costs too much. A new fault test system was developed to solve the problem. The authors use few data acquisition system hardware for all circuit boards, but special interface cables and special test software were designed for each kinds of board. Then many different boards can be tested by the same system. Auto test software based on neural network was developed to diagnosis normal faults. The Measurement Studio and Visual Studio were chosen to develop the test software to enrich the software interface. The system was characterized by low cost, small cubage and powerful function. The fault circuit boards can be tested on shipboard directly.%针对自动舵故障电路板需要返厂测试的问题,设计自动舵电路板便携式故障测试系统.在分析自动舵电路板故障测试需求的基础上,采用专用接口电缆和测试软件而复用数据采集系统的方法,仅用少数硬件就实现了多块电路板的测试;基于神经网络方法设计自动测试软件,能够定位电路板常见故障;采用Measurement Studio和Visual Studio联合编程的方法,设计了辅助信息丰富的故障诊断程序界面.实践表明:该系统具有成本低、体积小、功能强的特点,可在船上直接对电路板进行故障测试.

  13. Auto-Induction Effect of Chloroxoquinoline on the Cytochrome P450 Enzymes of Rats Associated with CYP 3A and 1A.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Xin; Li, Ying; Gong, Wei; Yang, Mei Yan; Yang, Yang; Li, Zhi Ping; Wang, Yu Li; Zhang, Zhen Qing

    2015-01-01

    To investigate the auto-induction of cytochrome P450 (CYP450) by Chloroxoquinoline (CXL), a novel anticancer drug. Three experiments related to the induction of CYP450 were performed: a) In vitro use of the rat fresh hepatocytes model; b) In vivo 'cocktail' of CYP450 probe model; c) Pharmacokinetic (PK) study of the single and multiple doses. Some typical CYP enzyme probes and inducers were used in these experiments and were all determined by HPLC-MS/MS. The expression levels of CYP3A and CYP1A mRNA were analyzed by the real time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) technique. The PK studies showed that the area under the curve (AUC0-t) and the peak concentration (Cmax) of the multiple doses were approximately 2.4-fold and 1.9-fold lower than those of the single dose, respectively (p effect of CXL on CYP450 was further evaluated on rat hepatocytes with four concentrations (1, 10, 50 and 100 μmol/L). Compared with the negative control, the mRNA levels of CYP 1A2 increased significantly in rat hepatocytes after treatment with 10, 50 and 100 μmol/L CXL (p < 0.05). While significant inductions of CYP 3A1 were observed in the entire treated groups. The results of the present study demonstrate enhanced and induced expression of CYP 3A and CYP 1A in response to CXL exposure in rats, suggesting that CXL is an auto-inducer of CYP 3A and CYP 1A.

  14. Auto-measuring System of 3- Dimensional Human Body

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李勇; 尚保平; 付小莉; 尚会超

    2001-01-01

    To realize the automation of fashion industry measuring,designing and manufacturing, the auto-measurement of 3D size of human body is of great importance. The auto measurement system of 3D human body based on Charge Coupled Devices (CCD) and infrared sensors is presented in this paper. The system can measure the bare size of human body that excludes the effect of clothing quickly and accurately.

  15. Energy-efficient & Eco-friendly Autos Become the Focus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ In the year of 2006, China produced and sold over 7.2 million automobiles, representing a year-on-year growth of more than 25%. In this regard, China has become the second largest market only to the U.S. for new autos. By the end of last year, the total amount of autos owned by China stood around 40 million, and it was predicted that this figure would roar to 70 million 3 years later.

  16. Characterization of an Auto-Compatible Default Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XU DaoYun(许道云); DING DeCheng(丁德成); ZHANG MingYi(张明义)

    2003-01-01

    In this paper, an equivalence condition for deciding whether a default theory isan auto-compatible default one is presented. Under the condition, the existence of extension of anauto-compatible default theory is a natural result. By introducing a well-ordering over the set D ofdefault rules, the extensions of an auto-compatible default theory (D, W) can be computed directly.The condition represents clearly the characterization of an auto-compatible default theory, andsome properties about auto-compatible default theory, such as semi-monotonicity, become naturalcorollaries. Based on the characterization, the revision of default beliefs is discussed to ensure theexistence of extension of the default theory, and the method is applied to investigate stable modelsof a general logic program.

  17. Suggestions on Training MTI Translators and Interpreters

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐岩

    2013-01-01

    This article gives a brief review of the current state of training MTI translators and interpreters.After analyzing the problems that exist in course of the training,the author,as a student of MTI,puts forth some suggestions to improve the MTI training in colleges and universities to train practical translators and interpreters from the point of view of learning.

  18. Use of SWOT on SI Training

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨文寅

    2012-01-01

      SI, simultaneous interpretation, is always considered mysterious and machine-like. In daily practice, we are still puz⁃zled or even depressed when being told that the only path to success is the repetition of tedious practice. Definitely, practice makes perfect but enacting of scientific method enables a winged tiger. SWOT analysis, which stands for Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats, provides us with an effective training theory. This article would focus on materializing SWOT into our SI practice.

  19. Training course on radiometric prospecting techniques

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A training course on radiometric prospecting techniques was presented by the Atomic Energy Board in collaboration with the South African Geophysical Association and the Geological Society of South Africa. Various aspects related to uranium prospecting were discussed e.g. the uranium supply and demand position, the basic physics of radioactivity, uranium geochemistry, mineralogy and mobility, the instrumentation and techniques used in uranium exploration, for example, borehole logging, radon emanometry and airborne radiometric surveys and also data processing and interpretation methods

  20. Effect of Zn doping on structural, magnetic and dielectric properties of LaFeO3 synthesized through sol–gel auto-combustion process

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • We have synthesized the samples of LaFe1−xZnxO3 (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.3) using sol–gel auto-combustion process. • The doping of Zn2+ hugely enhances the dielectric constant (ε′) and it shows a colossal value. • The parent compound LaFeO3 does not show any relaxation peak, but the substitution of Zn at Fe3+ site brings the relaxation in the system. • The system shows a peak behavior thereby giving the Debye like dipolar relaxation response. - Abstract: We have studied the structural and dielectric properties of nano-crystalline LaFe1−xZnxO3 (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.3) pervoskite samples synthesized through sol–gel auto-combustion technique. X-ray diffraction and FTIR spectroscopy are used to confirm the single phase characteristics. Microstructural features are investigated using scanning electron microscope and compositional analysis is performed through energy dispersive spectroscopy. The average grain sizes, calculated from the Scherrer formula, lie in the range below 30 nm. The hysteresis (M-H) curves display a weak magnetic order and a shift in the hysteresis loops. Dielectric response has been discussed, in the framework of “universal dielectric response” model. The value of dielectric constant (ε′) increases drastically on Zn doping. The dielectric loss factor (ε″) shows Debye like dipolar relaxation behavior. The observed peaks in loss factor (ε″) are attributed to the fact that a strong correlation between the conduction mechanism and the dielectric behavior exists in ferrites

  1. Effect of Zn doping on structural, magnetic and dielectric properties of LaFeO{sub 3} synthesized through sol–gel auto-combustion process

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bhat, Irshad [Department of Physics, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh 202002, UP (India); Husain, Shahid, E-mail: s.husain@lycos.com [Department of Physics, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh 202002, UP (India); Khan, Wasi [Department of Applied Physics, Z. H. College of Engineering and Technology, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligrah 202002, UP (India); Patil, S.I. [Department of Physics, University of Pune, Ganeshkhind 411007, Pune (India)

    2013-11-15

    Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • We have synthesized the samples of LaFe{sub 1−x}Zn{sub x}O{sub 3} (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.3) using sol–gel auto-combustion process. • The doping of Zn{sup 2+} hugely enhances the dielectric constant (ε′) and it shows a colossal value. • The parent compound LaFeO{sub 3} does not show any relaxation peak, but the substitution of Zn at Fe{sup 3+} site brings the relaxation in the system. • The system shows a peak behavior thereby giving the Debye like dipolar relaxation response. - Abstract: We have studied the structural and dielectric properties of nano-crystalline LaFe{sub 1−x}Zn{sub x}O{sub 3} (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.3) pervoskite samples synthesized through sol–gel auto-combustion technique. X-ray diffraction and FTIR spectroscopy are used to confirm the single phase characteristics. Microstructural features are investigated using scanning electron microscope and compositional analysis is performed through energy dispersive spectroscopy. The average grain sizes, calculated from the Scherrer formula, lie in the range below 30 nm. The hysteresis (M-H) curves display a weak magnetic order and a shift in the hysteresis loops. Dielectric response has been discussed, in the framework of “universal dielectric response” model. The value of dielectric constant (ε′) increases drastically on Zn doping. The dielectric loss factor (ε″) shows Debye like dipolar relaxation behavior. The observed peaks in loss factor (ε″) are attributed to the fact that a strong correlation between the conduction mechanism and the dielectric behavior exists in ferrites.

  2. A Novel Mathematical Approach to Define the Genes/SNPs Conferring Risk or Protection in Sporadic Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Based on Auto Contractive Map Neural Networks and Graph Theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buscema, Massimo; Penco, Silvana; Grossi, Enzo

    2012-01-01

    Background. Complex diseases like amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) implicate phenotypic and genetic heterogeneity. Therefore, multiple genetic traits may show differential association with the disease. The Auto Contractive Map (AutoCM), belonging to the Artificial Neural Network (ANN) architecture, "spatializes" the correlation among variables by constructing a suitable embedding space where a visually transparent and cognitively natural notion such as "closeness" among variables reflects accurately their associations. Results. In this pilot case-control study single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in several genes has been evaluated with a novel data mining approach based on an AutoCM. We have divided the ALS dataset into two dataset: Cases and Control dataset; we have applied to each one, independently, the AutoCM algorithm. Six genetic variants were identified which differently contributed to the complexity of the system: three of the above genes/SNPs represent protective factors, APOA4, NOS3, and LPL, since their contribution to the whole complexity resulted to be as high as 0.17. On the other hand ADRB3, LIPC, and MMP3, whose hub relevancies contribution resulted to be as high as 0.13, seem to represent susceptibility factors. Conclusion. The biological information available on these six polymorphisms is consistent with possible pathogenetic pathways related to ALS. PMID:22934166

  3. A Novel Mathematical Approach to Define the Genes/SNPs Conferring Risk or Protection in Sporadic Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Based on Auto Contractive Map Neural Networks and Graph Theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Massimo Buscema

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Complex diseases like amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS implicate phenotypic and genetic heterogeneity. Therefore, multiple genetic traits may show differential association with the disease. The Auto Contractive Map (AutoCM, belonging to the Artificial Neural Network (ANN architecture, “spatializes” the correlation among variables by constructing a suitable embedding space where a visually transparent and cognitively natural notion such as “closeness” among variables reflects accurately their associations. Results. In this pilot case-control study single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP in several genes has been evaluated with a novel data mining approach based on an AutoCM. We have divided the ALS dataset into two dataset: Cases and Control dataset; we have applied to each one, independently, the AutoCM algorithm. Six genetic variants were identified which differently contributed to the complexity of the system: three of the above genes/SNPs represent protective factors, APOA4, NOS3, and LPL, since their contribution to the whole complexity resulted to be as high as 0.17. On the other hand ADRB3, LIPC, and MMP3, whose hub relevancies contribution resulted to be as high as 0.13, seem to represent susceptibility factors. Conclusion. The biological information available on these six polymorphisms is consistent with possible pathogenetic pathways related to ALS.

  4. Effects of plyometric training on soccer players

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Ying-Chun; Zhang, Na

    2016-01-01

    Plyometric training (PT) is a technique used to increase strength and explosiveness. It consists of physical exercises in which muscles exert maximum force at short intervals to increase dynamic performances. In such a training, muscles undergo a rapid elongation followed by an immediate shortening (stretch-shortening contraction), utilizing the elastic energy stored during the stretching phase. There is consensus on the fact that when used, PT contributes to improvement in vertical jump performance, acceleration, leg strength, muscular power, increase of joint awareness and overall sport-specific skills. Consequently, PT which was primarily used by martial artists, sprinters and high jumpers to improve performances has gained in popularity and has been used by athletes in all types of sports. However, although PT has been shown to increase performance variables in many sports, little scientific information is currently available to determine whether PT actually enhances skill performance in soccer players, considering that soccer is an extremely demanding sport. Soccer players require dynamic muscular performance for fighting at all levels of training status, including rapid movements such as acceleration and deceleration of the body, change of direction, vertical and horizontal jumps, endurance, speed as well as power for kicking and tackling. In this review we discussed the effects of PT on soccer players by considering gender and age categories.

  5. An experimental and numerical analysis of the influence of the inlet temperature, equivalence ratio and compression ratio on the HCCI auto-ignition process of Primary Reference Fuels in an engine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Machrafi, Hatim [UPMC Universite Paris 06, LGPPTS, Ecole Nationale Superieure de Chimie de Paris, 11, rue de Pierre et Marie Curie, 75005 Paris (France); UPMC Universite Paris 06, Institut Jean Le Rond D' Alembert (France); Cavadiasa, Simeon [UPMC Universite Paris 06, Institut Jean Le Rond D' Alembert (France)

    2008-11-15

    In order to understand better the auto-ignition process in an HCCI engine, the influence of some important parameters on the auto-ignition is investigated. The inlet temperature, the equivalence ratio and the compression ratio were varied and their influence on the pressure, the heat release and the ignition delays were measured. The inlet temperature was changed from 25 to 70 C and the equivalence ratio from 0.18 to 0.41, while the compression ratio varied from 6 to 13.5. The fuels that were investigated were PRF40 and n-heptane. These three parameters appeared to decrease the ignition delays, with the inlet temperature having the least influence and the compression ratio the most. A previously experimentally validated reduced surrogate mechanism, for mixtures of n-heptane, iso-octane and toluene, has been used to explain observations of the auto-ignition process. The same kinetic mechanism is used to better understand the underlying chemical and physical phenomena that make the influence of a certain parameter change according to the operating conditions. This can be useful for the control of the auto-ignition process in an HCCI engine. (author)

  6. Descriptive data on cancerous lung lesions detected by auto-fluorescence bronchoscope: A five-year study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asmitananda Thakur

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Auto-fluorescence bronchoscopy (AFB has been used for the identification and localization of intra-epithelial pre-neoplastic and neoplastic lesions within the bronchus. Objectives: To determine the applicability of AFB for the detection and localization of precancerous and cancerous lesions, in addition to analyzing the morphologic presentation, their association to histological type and the variation between genders. Methods: A five-year study involving 4983 patients, who underwent routine bronchoscopy [B] examination in a local tertiary teaching hospital, was done. The B examination was performed under intratracheal lidocaine, and samples were obtained using suitable approach. One thousand four hundred and eighty-five pathologically confirmed lung cancer patients were included in the study. The following parameters were studied: Morphological presentation, biopsy sites, histology. Differences between the groups were analyzed using Chi square test. Result: One thousand four hundred and eighty-five patients who had hyperplasia or neoplastic lesions were further confirmed as lung cancer pathologically. Lung cancer was more commonly found in the right lung (51.58% vs. 42.82%. The lesion occurred more frequently in the upper lobe than the lower lobe (44.17% vs. 22.42%. Male patients with squamous cell carcinoma showed upper lobe involvement more commonly, while the left main bronchus was more commonly involved in female patients. Adenocarcinoma mostly involved lesion of the upper lobe. Squamous cell carcinoma and small cell carcinoma were the major proliferative types (80.15% and 76.16% respectively. Conclusion: AFB is efficient in the detection of pre-invasive and invasive lung lesions. The morphological presentation is associated to the histological type. There is variation in the presentation and histology of cancerous lung lesions between genders.

  7. Instant AutoIt scripting

    CERN Document Server

    Laso, Emilio Aristides de Fez

    2013-01-01

    Filled with practical, step-by-step instructions and clear explanations for the most important and useful tasks. This is a Packt Instant How-to guide, which provides concise and clear recipes for getting started with AutoIt.Instant AutoIt Scripting Essentials How-to is for beginners who wish to know more about automation and programming, system administration developers who intent to automate/manage clusters and servers, and for computer programmers who want to control any PC to create seamless automation apps.

  8. Continuum Theory (CT):. Its Particle-Tied Aether Yields a Continuous Auto-creation, Non-expanding Cosmology and New Light on Galaxy Evolution and Clusters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osmaston, Miles F.

    2013-09-01

    Our preceding paper "Implementing Maxwell's aether......." (Paper I) concluded:- (A) Maxwell's aether, ignored in Relativity, is a massless, quasi-superfluid continuum of extremely high negative charge density; (B) Fundamental particles are not infinitesimal singularities within the aether but develop their mass by being `made out of it' (hence the name Continuum Theory) as finite-sized vortical constructs of its motion. So reproduction (`auto-creation') of more of them requires only the addition of suitable dynamical energy, with Ampere's law providing charge-coupling in shear to get rotations. (C) In the resulting gravitational process, generating the Newtonian force simultaneously also generates a radial electric field, the Gravity-Electric (G-E) field, whose action on astronomical plasmas could explain the flat tangential velocity profiles of spiral galaxies without resort to Cold Dark Matter (CDM) if outward disc flow is present. One of the objectives here is to provide that flow by axial infall and to examine its consequences. But first, if particles are `made out of aether' the associated random aether-charge motion will generate radiation (the CMB) and impose four distance-cumulative, wavelength-independent transmission effects upon electromagnetic waves. One of these - a redshift - we see here as the cosmic redshift, plus intrinsic redshifts in stellar and galaxy `atmospheres'. Such a redshift appears to have been reliably observed with caesium clocks over long ground-level paths in 1968 but, lacking an appreciation of its mechanism, its wide significance was doubted. In fact, our extrapolation to intergalactic conditions dispenses with the BigBang. The other 3 transmission effects are:- spectral line broadening, scattering and attenuation, each of which has significant astronomical/cosmological expression. If the cosmic redshift is not a velocity, the reason for Dark Energy vanishes. In the resulting no-expansion cosmology the Universe was originally

  9. Auto-programmable impulse neural circuits

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watula, D.; Meador, J.

    1990-01-01

    Impulse neural networks use pulse trains to communicate neuron activation levels. Impulse neural circuits emulate natural neurons at a more detailed level than that typically employed by contemporary neural network implementation methods. An impulse neural circuit which realizes short term memory dynamics is presented. The operation of that circuit is then characterized in terms of pulse frequency modulated signals. Both fixed and programmable synapse circuits for realizing long term memory are also described. The implementation of a simple and useful unsupervised learning law is then presented. The implementation of a differential Hebbian learning rule for a specific mean-frequency signal interpretation is shown to have a straightforward implementation using digital combinational logic with a variation of a previously developed programmable synapse circuit. This circuit is expected to be exploited for simple and straightforward implementation of future auto-adaptive neural circuits.

  10. Research on expression method of rules in auto-identifying relational word of Chinese compound sentences%复句关系词自动识别中规则的表示方法研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡金柱; 舒江波; 胡泉; 李源; 杨进才; 谢芳

    2016-01-01

    Relational word plays the important role in modern Chinese compound sentence domain, and is the major part in the research of Chinese grammar and semantic. Auto-identifying relational word is a very difficult research problems on Chinese compound sentences. This paper with emphasis studies the expression method of rules in auto-identifying rela-tional word of Chinese compound sentences on the foundation of the research on the restrictions of rules in auto-identifying the relation word of Chinese compound sentences. The goal is to establish the foundation for research on the structure of rulebase of relational words recognizer in Chinese compound sentences, and the foundation of theory and the practice for the computer auto-identifying compound sentence and relational word, even auto-identifying Chinese sentence and paragraph.%关系词在现代汉语复句领域起着重要的作用,是汉语语法、语义研究中的重要内容,复句关系词的计算机自动识别是一个非常困难的研究课题.在汉语复句关系词自动识别中规则的约束条件研究的基础上,重点研究现代汉语复句关系词自动识别系统中规则的表示方法,为进一步研究、建设复句关系词自动识别中的规则库,深入研究规则与统计相结合自动识别复句和复句关系词的方法,为实现汉语句子和篇章的自动识别奠定基础.

  11. Sensor-Based Auto-Focusing System Using Multi-Scale Feature Extraction and Phase Correlation Matching

    OpenAIRE

    Jinbeum Jang; Yoonjong Yoo; Jongheon Kim; Joonki Paik

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents a novel auto-focusing system based on a CMOS sensor containing pixels with different phases. Robust extraction of features in a severely defocused image is the fundamental problem of a phase-difference auto-focusing system. In order to solve this problem, a multi-resolution feature extraction algorithm is proposed. Given the extracted features, the proposed auto-focusing system can provide the ideal focusing position using phase correlation matching. The proposed auto-focu...

  12. IAEA world survey on nuclear power plant personnel training

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Training of personnel is acknowledged to be essential for safe and reliable operation of nuclear power plants. The preparation of this TECDOC was recommended by the IAEA International Working group on Nuclear Power Plant Personnel Training and Qualification and represents a unique compilation of information including all aspects of NPP personnel training from 23 Member States and 129 training organizations. The basic aims of this survey are: to provide a worldwide overview of all aspects of NPP personnel training; to foster both national and international cooperation between organizations involved in nuclear training; to provide the means of exchange of experiences and practices in systematic approach to training (SAT). The survey provides information for each corresponding country on the: national system and organization of training; job positions for which SAT is used; training programmes for key operations, maintenance, instructor and other jobs; role of management and the regulatory body; training facilities; recommended training practices; availability of training personnel from organizations outside the country; and contact points. The three main parts of the publication are the summary, the analysis of training programmes for each job position and the analysis of training resources, and the country reports

  13. Footprints of China Auto Internatienal Exhibition Tour

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ November 2008,the Sixth China Auto International(Algeria & Egypt)Exhibition Tour is ready.Since the first session was held in 1995,the Chinese auto enterprises have been to Vietnam,Cambodia,Syria,and Russian.

  14. Development and application of stereogram software for coal mine engineering based on AutoCAD%基于AutoCAD煤矿工程立体图软件的研发与应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    庞冬冬; 马海峰; 杨应迪; 李家卓; 尹晨晨

    2014-01-01

    Taking the covering informations of planar graph in coal mine engineering as raw data, a special software for drawing stereogram of coal mine engineering was developed by secondary development of AutoCAD. Simulation of urban underground pipeline network, the software quickly generated the coal mine tunnel stereogram, the graph structure was applied to conduct data organization, and the properties database including roadways, working face pa-rameter and air route details. At the same time, the software could share the existing database resource and could be compatible with the mine map database, as well as implementing the conversion from a two dimensional mine map to the 3D stereoscopic map. The powerful information platform of three-dimensional mine map can achieve mine person-nel positioning in real time, coal-bed methane real time monitoring and all round display of mine ventilation network system, and it can realize remote intelligent management and decision coupling with network integrated.%以煤矿工程平面图涵盖信息为原始资料,基于AutoCAD平台二次开发了绘制煤矿工程立体图专用软件,该软件模拟城市地下管网模型快速生成煤矿巷道立体图,利用图结构进行数据组织,建立了包含巷道、工作面参数、通风路线等详细信息的属性式数据库。同时,该软件可与已有数据库资源共享和矿图数据库兼容,实现了二维平面矿图向三维立体矿图的转换。三维立体矿图强大的数据平台可以实现井下人员实时定位、煤层瓦斯实时监测和矿井通风网络系统的全方位展示,配合网络集成可实现远程办公的智能管理和决策。

  15. Deeply Coupled Auto-encoder Networks for Cross-view Classification

    OpenAIRE

    WANG, Wen; Cui, Zhen; Chang, Hong; Shan, Shiguang; Chen, Xilin

    2014-01-01

    The comparison of heterogeneous samples extensively exists in many applications, especially in the task of image classification. In this paper, we propose a simple but effective coupled neural network, called Deeply Coupled Autoencoder Networks (DCAN), which seeks to build two deep neural networks, coupled with each other in every corresponding layers. In DCAN, each deep structure is developed via stacking multiple discriminative coupled auto-encoders, a denoising auto-encoder trained with ma...

  16. The effect of a brief teacher training on student achievement

    OpenAIRE

    Sijde, van der, B Bart

    1989-01-01

    On the basis of previously determined correlations between teacher behavior and student achievement, a training program for mathematics teachers was developed. Previous research had established that this training did change the behavior of teachers. This article reports the effects of the training program on teacher behavior, student achievement, and student attitudes towards mathematics. From this study it appeared that the timing of the training was important for its effect on student achie...

  17. A case study from Turkey: Turkish auto-gas market towards sustainability

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Turkish auto-gas market grew uncontrollably trough its initial years, leading to auto-gas product, retrofit cars, auto-gas filing stations and conversion shops in compliance with standards. Moreover, standards were not even adequate for a healthy market. Auto-gas accidents occurred due to mis-applications. Consequently, real benefits of auto-gas could not come into the picture, and general public as well as auto-gas customers came to perceive auto-gas as an inferior, unsafe and low-performance fuel. Today's market is really different than the markets in its initial years and it has covered a long way towards sustainability. To exemplify, the standards and inspections are well established and more strict than before. The image of auto-gas has improved considerably and now customers know that auto-gas is not only economic but also environment-friendly safe and good performance. The critical factor, bringing the market into sustainability and healthiness, are the developments in 4 crucial areas, namely, the government, LPG distribution companies, OEMs and auto-gas conversion firms and lastly, customers. Another important key success factor is cooperation between these 4 forces. The presentation will mainly focus on developments in these areas. (author)

  18. Trends in Spending on Training: An Analysis of the 1982 through 2008 Training Annual Industry Reports

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carliner, Saul; Bakir, Ingy

    2010-01-01

    This article explores long-term trends in spending using data compiled from the "Training" magazine Annual Industry Survey from 1982 through 2008. It builds on literature that proposes spending on training is an investment that yields benefits--and that offers methods for demonstrating it. After adjusting for inflation, aggregate spending on…

  19. Guide to good practices for on-the-job training

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-04-01

    Training programs at DOE facilities should prepare personnel to safely and efficiently operate and maintain the facilities in accordance with DOE requirements. This guide presents good practices for a systematic approach to on-the-job training (OJT) and OJT programs and should be used in conjunction with DOE Training Program Handbook: A Systematic Approach to Training, and with the DOE Handbook entitled Alternative Systematic Approaches to Training to develop performance-based OJT programs. DOE contractors may also use this guide to modify existing OJT programs that do not meet the systematic approach to training (SAT) objectives.

  20. Development and Application of Budget Software for Land Development and Consolidation Based on AutoCAD%基于AutoCAD的土地开发整理预算软件开发与应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘吉; 孙俊英

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study aims at improving the design efficiency and accuracy of land development and consolidation projects.Methods of system analysis and software engineering were applied.The results indicate that the development and application of budget software for land development and consolidation is the important method to increase budgeting automation and working efficiency,and to guarantee the project quality.This software has big space to expand,which can integrate more software functions and realize the integration of cartography and budget.It is the direction of deep development and application.%本着提高土地开发整理项目设计的工作效率和准确性的研究目的,运用系统分析法和软件工程法来研究基于AutoCAD的土地开发整理预算软件的拓展空间,望其能为制图与预算一体化做出更大贡献。

  1. The New Breakthroughs of Chinese Auto Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sun Yongjian

    2006-01-01

    @@ Auto Engine Systems: A Key Part for Reform Prof. Ouyang Minggao, Tsinghua University: The road of development from a large production country to a strong technology country eyed. By 2020, China is predicted to be the largest auto manufactuer in the world.In the view of the development of the global auto market, the fastest development is taking place in developing countries.

  2. Auto executives:Worried While Being Happy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Xu Liuping,director of the board of Chang'an Auto Group,had just come back from Japan and north America before the opening of this year's Shanghai auto show.He knew something about the financial crisis towards the overseas auto industry from reports and during this trip

  3. Tumbling Auto Import and Export

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yantai Chen

    2009-01-01

    @@ The seemingly rebound global financial crisis has seriously eroded world economy from 2008,of which China's tumbling auto imports and exports business is a good example.At the beginning of 2008 it kicked off as an excellent year for the Chinese automotive market,but ended with the onset of a recession in last quarter both from the perspective of import and export.

  4. Environment-friendly Auto Marketing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ Domestic auto sales have developed quickly with private vehicles making up the highest proportion, but lately customers have begun to care more about environmental protection. Therefore, the last few years has seen more and more consumption disputes and civil lawsuits resulting from the pollution inside vehicles.

  5. International training course on uranium exploration

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: As part of its Technical Assistance Programme for developing countries, the IAEA has conducted a series of training courses in prospecting for nuclear raw materials for example, in 1974 a regional course on uranium and thorium prospecting was held in India, and an interregional training course on uranium geochemical prospecting methods was held in Austria in 1975. In September 1977, another interregional training course on uranium geochemical prospecting methods was held at Skofja Loka, Slovenia, Yugoslavia. Twenty-four delegates from Afghanistan, Algeria, Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Czechoslovakia, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Portugal, Sri Lanka, Turkey, Venezuela and Yugoslavia participated in the four-week training course. The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia acted as host for the course. The Skofja Loka area was selected because it contains sedimentary rocks with known uranium mineralization, and presented ideal conditions (soil, drainage and topography) for Uranium geochemical surveys. In addition, the participants could benefit from a technical visit to a very interesting type of uranium mineralization near the town of Gorenje Vaz. Several well-known geologists, such as Dr. A. Grimbert (France) and Prof. Ian Nichol (Canada) were present as guest lecturers. In the first week the lectures dealt with the basic concepts of geochemical exploration for uranium, as well as preparing the participants for the field work. In addition to specific topics on geochemistry and uranium behaviour in the natural environment, the lectures also covered other topics of interest, such as world uranium resources and demand, types of uranium deposits and technical advances in exploration equipment. A visit to the Zirovski Vrh uranium mine was made, where the participants saw different techniques for mining ore bodies with complex structure and rapid change in grade concentration. At the end of the mine tour, there was a lengthy discussion of

  6. On-line Test for Train Communication Based System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zeng Xiaoqing; Masayuki Matsumoto; Kinji Mori; XU Fucang

    2002-01-01

    This paper gives out a new train automatic control system, which is based on train communication, and proposes a high assurance method to construct the system from current system. In current automatic train control (ATC) system, the central logic device detects position of each train and calculates permissible speed of each blocking section. Therefore, the central logic device controls speed of all trains. On the contrary, in the new system proposed in this paper, there is no central logical device and, train can communicate each other. The train detects the position and calculates the permissible speed itself according to the received position information of the preceding train. In the traditional method of changing an old system to a new one, test must be done off-line.While the integration technique proposed in this paper achieves on-line properties, and high assurance can be satisfied.

  7. The Teachers' Views on Soroban Abacus Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Altiparmak, Kemal

    2016-01-01

    Soroban abacus training is called as mental arithmetic training in our country. It is known for mental arithmetic to increase the ability of four mode operations. Besides this, how is the situation for the students which are having Soroban abacus training in the terms of problem solving abilities, creativity, development of concepts, attraction…

  8. Program Director Perspectives on Athletic Training Student Motivation to Complete Their Professional Athletic Training Degrees

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mazerolle, Stephanie M.; Bowman, Thomas G.; Dodge, Thomas M.

    2013-01-01

    Context: Student motivation has been linked to persistence until graduation for athletic training students. There is little research, however on ways athletic training programs (ATPs) foster student motivation. Objective: To expand upon the existing literature regarding retention of students in ATPs, specifically examining the concept of student…

  9. The effects of resistance training on road cycling performance among highly trained cyclists: a systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamamoto, Linda M; Klau, Jennifer F; Casa, Douglas J; Kraemer, William J; Armstrong, Lawrence E; Maresh, Carl M

    2010-02-01

    Highly trained cyclists may be hesitant to incorporate resistance training (RT) with their endurance training (ET) because of the mixed data regarding concurrent RT and ET (CT). The purpose of this review was to search the scientific body of literature for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of CT on road cycling performance for highly trained cyclists. Key words (including cycling and strength training) were used to search relevant databases through September 2009 for literature related to CT. Randomized controlled trials were included if they scored > or =5 on the Physiotherapy Evidence Database scale. Five studies met the inclusion criteria: highly trained road cyclists (>7 h.wk or > 150 km.wk, with at least 6 months of training), outcome measure was cycling performance (time trial or time to exhaustion), and RT performed off-bike. Two of the 5 studies found no improvement in performance with CT, but these studies added RT on top of the athletes' existing ET. The 3 studies with improved cycling performance replaced a portion of the athletes' ET with RT, and 2 of the 3 studies included high-intensity explosive-type resistance exercises. Despite the limited research on CT for highly trained cyclists, it is likely that replacing a portion of a cyclist's ET with RT will result in improved time trial performance and maximal power.

  10. Ferruginous hawks on the Yakima Training Center

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mazaika, R.; Cadwell, L.L.

    1994-07-01

    Habitat quality for ferruginous hawks (Buteo regalis) is largely determined by availability of nest sites and adequate prey base. A limitation of one of these will limit the number of hawks in an area. In general, ferruginous hawks are adaptable to various nesting substrates and will nest in proximity to other closely related sympatric species (e.g., red-tailed hawk, Swainson`s hawk). This analysis focused on an assessment of prey base availability and habitat disturbance in the vicinity of historic nest sites and small mammal trap sites on the Yakima Training Center (YTC) in Washington State. The primary ground-disturbing activities on the YTC are associated with military training, fire, and grazing. In addition to the direct effect these activities can have on ferruginous hawks, indirect effects may result from changes in composition, density, and structure of vegetation that subsequently alter faunal population numbers and species diversity. A summary of results of small mammal trapping, population estimation, vegetative analysis and disturbance rating at seven trap sites during the time period of June through August of 1993 are presented.

  11. Slow Growth of China's Auto Production and Marketing in the First Four Months

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xue Ning

    2011-01-01

    According to the statistics from China Association of Auto Manufacturers (CAAM),in the first four months of this year,our auto production and marketing grew slowly,while auto import and export grew rapidly.From January to April,the production and marketing of autos were respectively 6,431,100 units and 6,533,900 units,with year-on-year growth of 5.09% and 5.95%,and year-on-year decrease of 58.71% and 54.56% for the growth rate.In April,the production and marketing of autos were respectively 1,535,300 units and 1,552,000 units.It was the first negative growth for China since the financial crisis that our auto industry returned to growth.The overall situation is not optimistic.

  12. Empirical study on purchasing decisions of family- oriented autos based on structural equation model%基于结构方程模型的家用轿车购买决策行为实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐超毅

    2011-01-01

    从当前家用轿车购买决策中存在的问题出发,针对传统研究家用轿车决策行为的不足,结合结构方程模型的原理,构建了家用轿车购买决策行为评价指标体系和评价模型,并进行了实证研究。结果表明,通过该模型可以为消费者制定家用轿车购买决策提供一种新的思路,从而使其决策更加科学和合理。%Starting from the problems existing in current purchasing decisions of family - oriented autos, aiming at the insufficiency of traditional decision -making behaviors in such purchasing, and based on the principles of structural equation model, this paper constructs evaluation index system and evaluation model of purchasing deci- sions of family - oriented autos with an empirical study. The result shows that this model can provide a new idea for consumers in making purchasing decisions of family - oriented autos, which will make their decisions more scientific and reasonable.

  13. An assessment on employees’ business intelligence and CRM on customer satisfaction: A case study of Auto industry

    OpenAIRE

    Somayeh Rezaei; Ali Alikhani

    2014-01-01

    This paper performs an empirical investigation on employees’ business intelligence and customer relationship management and their effects on customer satisfaction. The proposed study has been implemented among 625 people, 240 sales representative and 385 regular customers, who are involved with products of an Iranian automaker named Iran Khodro. The proposed study designs three questionnaires in Likert scale for business intelligence, customer relationship management and customer satisfaction...

  14. 论训练战略%On Training Strategy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    茅鹏

    2014-01-01

    训练战略是包括运动员培训战略、教练员培养战略、训练科研发展战略、项目生命体建设战略等的全局发展框架。%The training strategy is a comprehensive development framework including athletes training strategy ,coach training strate-gy ,training scientific research strategy ,project incubator construction strategy and so on .

  15. The impact of Onboard Maintenance Training on surface ship readiness.

    OpenAIRE

    Morris, Carl A.

    1987-01-01

    Analysis of shipboard equipment failure generated by merging Navy casualty report and Unified Industries Onboard Maintenance Training (OMT) data bases demonstrate a measurable positive effect on reliability in those ships which participated in the program. When comparing equipment failure rates of these trained ships before and up to three years after the training event, over 70 percent of the time there was definite net positive effect. Eleven OMT courses, comprising 1176 shipboard training ...

  16. Effects of Skill Training on Working Memory Capacity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Yuh-shiow; Lu, Min-ju; Ko, Hsiu-ping

    2007-01-01

    In this study we examined the effects of skill training, in particular mental abacus and music training, on working memory. Two groups of participants--children who had received mental abacus training and their controls--participated in Experiment 1. All participants performed the following span tasks: forward digit span, backward digit span,…

  17. Truck Safety. Information on Driver Training. Report to Congressional Requesters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Resources, Community, and Economic Development Div.

    The General Accounting Office examined the types of training available for tractor-trailer drivers, focusing on the Federal Highway Administration's (FHWA's) efforts to establish minimum federal standards for training tractor-trailer drivers, the driver training curriculum offered by various private and public schools, and the trucking industry's…

  18. The effect of a brief teacher training on student achievement

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sijde, van der Pieter C.

    1989-01-01

    On the basis of previously determined correlations between teacher behavior and student achievement, a training program for mathematics teachers was developed. Previous research had established that this training did change the behavior of teachers. This article reports the effects of the training p

  19. Self Reported Perceptions of Physical Demands on Athletic Training Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kawaguchi, Jeffrey K.; Babcock, Garth; Little, Andrew

    2008-01-01

    Context: According to the Commission on Accreditation of Athletic Training Education (CAATE) Standards for the Accreditation of Entry-Level Athletic Training Education Programs, athletic training students (ATSs) must complete clinical experiences that provide opportunities to integrate cognitive function, psychomotor skills, and affective…

  20. Effects of Kettlebell Training on Aerobic Capacity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Falatic, J Asher; Plato, Peggy A; Holder, Christopher; Finch, Daryl; Han, Kyungmo; Cisar, Craig J

    2015-07-01

    This study examined the effects of a kettlebell training program on aerobic capacity. Seventeen female National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I collegiate soccer players (age: 19.7 ± 1.0 years, height: 166.1 ± 6.4 cm, weight: 64.2 ± 8.2 kg) completed a graded exercise test to determine maximal oxygen consumption (V̇O2max). Participants were assigned to a kettlebell intervention group (KB) (n = 9) or a circuit weight-training (CWT) control group (n = 8). Participants in the KB group completed a kettlebell snatch test to determine individual snatch repetitions. Both groups trained 3 days a week for 4 weeks in addition to their off-season strength and conditioning program. The KB group performed the 15:15 MVO2 protocol (20 minutes of kettlebell snatching with 15 seconds of work and rest intervals). The CWT group performed multiple free-weight and dynamic body-weight exercises as part of a continuous circuit program for 20 minutes. The 15:15 MVO2 protocol significantly increased V̇O2max in the KB group. The average increase was 2.3 ml·kg⁻¹·min⁻¹, or approximately a 6% gain. There was no significant change in V̇O2max in the CWT control group. Thus, the 4-week 15:15 MVO2 kettlebell protocol, using high-intensity kettlebell snatches, significantly improved aerobic capacity in female intercollegiate soccer players and could be used as an alternative mode to maintain or improve cardiovascular conditioning. PMID:26102260

  1. Theory of input spike auto- and cross-correlations and their effect on the response of spiking neurons

    CERN Document Server

    Moreno-Bote, Ruben; Parga, Nestor

    2007-01-01

    Spike correlations between neurons are ubiquitous in the cortex, but their role is at present not understood. Here we describe the firing response of a leaky integrate-and-fire neuron (LIF) when it receives a temporarily correlated input generated by presynaptic correlated neuronal populations. Input correlations are characterized in terms of the firing rates, Fano factors, correlation coefficients and correlation timescale of the neurons driving the target neuron. We show that the sum of the presynaptic spike trains cannot be well described by a Poisson process. Solutions of the output firing rate are found in the limit of short and long correlation time scales.

  2. AutoCAD应用技巧

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张小平

    2010-01-01

    在长期使用AutoCAD绘图和AutoCAD教学中,发现AutoCAD中出现的问题很多,因此给我们带来困扰和使用的不便,大降低了工作的效率.为了方便AutoCAD绘图的使用和教学,笔者提出了自己的一些高效管理AutoCAD图形,提高绘图效率的方法.

  3. Simulation of earthworks based on EON, 3ds max and AutoCAD%基于EON,3ds max和AutoCAD的土方工程施工仿真

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    来炳恒; 李昌华; 侯筱婷

    2014-01-01

    针对土方工程的施工具有工期长、劳动繁重和施工条件复杂等特点,以及土方工程的不可验证性,采用虚拟现实技术对其施工过程进行模拟。以某水电工程为例,地形模型采用AutoCAD和3ds max相结合的方式构建,设备模型在3ds max中采用实体模型构建。在运输场景部分,将3ds max中建立的关键帧连同模型一起导入EON并在EON中设置animation节点的参数;在挖土场景,采用多个place节点的方法来实现对挖土机的挖土操作控制;在场景交互部分,采用EON自带的鼠标节点(ClickSensor)和键盘节点(KeyboardSensor)实现场景和用户的交互。研究表明,通过优秀的虚拟现实软件EON将虚拟现实技术应用在土方工程的施工模拟阶段,发现工程中可能出现的质量问题和安全隐患,通过模拟能够更加完善土方工程的施工。经验证,土方工程的虚拟施工能够对真实的土方工程具有一定的指导和借鉴价值。%In view of the earthwork construction with long duration, heavy and complicated construction conditions, and earthworks that cannot be verified, virtual reality technology is used to simulate the process of its construction. As a hydropower project for an example, AutoCAD and 3ds max combination of building is used in the terrain model and entity model building is used in 3ds max. In the transporting section, 3ds max key frame is built together with the model of import in the EON and the parameters of the ani-mation node is set up;In digging scene, multiple place nodes is used to control the excavator digging operation. In interaction part of the scene, the built-in mouse node (ClickSensor) and keyboard nodes (KeyboardSensor) implementation scenarios and user interac-tion are used. Research shows that through excellent virtual reality software EON virtual reality technology is applied in earthwork construction simulation stage, and possible quality problems

  4. An Improved Walk Model for Train Movement on Railway Network

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper, we propose an improved walk model for simulating the train movement on railway network. In the proposed method, walkers represent trains. The improved walk model is a kind of the network-based simulation analysis model. Using some management rules for walker movement, walker can dynamically determine its departure and arrival times at stations. In order to test the proposed method, we simulate the train movement on a part of railway network. The numerical simulation and analytical results demonstrate that the improved model is an effective tool for simulating the train movement on railway network. Moreover, it can well capture the characteristic behaviors of train scheduling in railway traffic. (general)

  5. An Improved Walk Model for Train Movement on Railway Network

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Ke-Ping; MAO Bo-Hua; GAO Zi-You

    2009-01-01

    In this paper, we propose an improved walk model for simulating the train movement on railway network. In the proposed method, walkers represent trains. The improved walk model is a kind of the network-based simulation analysis model. Using some management rules for walker movement, walker can dynamically determine its departure and arrival times at stations. In order to test the proposed method, we simulate the train movement on a part of railway network. The numerical simulation and analytical results demonstrate that the improved model is an effective tool for simulating the train movement on railway network. Moreover, it can well capture the characteristic behaviors of train scheduling in railway traffic.

  6. AutoCAD 扩展属性在地形图更新中的应用%Application of AutoCAD Extended Attribute on Topographic Map Updating

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张玉方

    2015-01-01

    This paper introduces the storage format of extended data of CAD entity ,and put forwards to adopt VBA to store object properties in topographic maps .It combines graphic data and attribute data integration ,so it is easy to add or query the extended information which has nothing to do with the graphics visibility , such as topographic revision date , workers,file storage path.This paper proposes a new way in management of topographic map updating .Through a period of application ,it is proved that this method can effectively improve the work efficiency ,better avoid the repeated revision and surveying of topographic map .%主要介绍了AutoCAD实体的扩展数据的存储格式,并提出采用VBA编程技术对地形图中的对象属性进行存储,实现了地形图图形数据与属性数据一体化结合,从而方便添加或查询与图形可视性无关的扩展信息,如地形图修测日期、内外业人员、文件存放路径等,对地形图更新日常管理提出了一种新的处理思路。通过一段时间的应用,证明此方法有效地提高了工作效率,更好地避免了地形图重复修测。

  7. The Effects of High Intensity Interval Training vs Steady State Training on Aerobic and Anaerobic Capacity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carl Foster, Courtney V. Farland, Flavia Guidotti, Michelle Harbin, Brianna Roberts, Jeff Schuette, Andrew Tuuri, Scott T. Doberstein, John P. Porcari

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available High intensity interval training (HIIT has become an increasingly popular form of exercise due to its potentially large effects on exercise capacity and small time requirement. This study compared the effects of two HIIT protocols vs steady-state training on aerobic and anaerobic capacity following 8-weeks of training. Fifty-five untrained college-aged subjects were randomly assigned to three training groups (3x weekly. Steady-state (n = 19 exercised (cycle ergometer 20 minutes at 90% of ventilatory threshold (VT. Tabata (n = 21 completed eight intervals of 20s at 170% VO2max/10s rest. Meyer (n = 15 completed 13 sets of 30s (20 min @ 100% PVO2 max/ 60s recovery, average PO = 90% VT. Each subject did 24 training sessions during 8 weeks. Results: There were significant (p < 0.05 increases in VO2max (+19, +18 and +18% and PPO (+17, +24 and +14% for each training group, as well as significant increases in peak (+8, + 9 and +5% & mean (+4, +7 and +6% power during Wingate testing, but no significant differences between groups. Measures of the enjoyment of the training program indicated that the Tabata protocol was significantly less enjoyable (p < 0.05 than the steady state and Meyer protocols, and that the enjoyment of all protocols declined (p < 0.05 across the duration of the study. The results suggest that although HIIT protocols are time efficient, they are not superior to conventional exercise training in sedentary young adults.

  8. Academic training: Advanced lectures on multiprocessor programming

    CERN Multimedia

    PH Department

    2011-01-01

    Academic Training Lecture - Regular Programme 31 October 1, 2 November 2011 from 11:00 to 12:00 -  IT Auditorium, Bldg. 31   Three classes (60 mins) on Multiprocessor Programming Prof. Dr. Christoph von Praun Georg-Simon-Ohm University of Applied Sciences Nuremberg, Germany This is an advanced class on multiprocessor programming. The class gives an introduction to principles of concurrent objects and the notion of different progress guarantees that concurrent computations can have. The focus of this class is on non-blocking computations, i.e. concurrent programs that do not make use of locks. We discuss the implementation of practical non-blocking data structures in detail. 1st class: Introduction to concurrent objects 2nd class: Principles of non-blocking synchronization 3rd class: Concurrent queues Brief Bio of Christoph von Praun Christoph worked on a variety of analysis techniques and runtime platforms for parallel programs. Hist most recent research studies programming models an...

  9. Stacking denoising auto-encoders in a deep network to segment the brainstem on MRI in brain cancer patients: A clinical study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dolz, Jose; Betrouni, Nacim; Quidet, Mathilde; Kharroubi, Dris; Leroy, Henri A; Reyns, Nicolas; Massoptier, Laurent; Vermandel, Maximilien

    2016-09-01

    Delineation of organs at risk (OARs) is a crucial step in surgical and treatment planning in brain cancer, where precise OARs volume delineation is required. However, this task is still often manually performed, which is time-consuming and prone to observer variability. To tackle these issues a deep learning approach based on stacking denoising auto-encoders has been proposed to segment the brainstem on magnetic resonance images in brain cancer context. Additionally to classical features used in machine learning to segment brain structures, two new features are suggested. Four experts participated in this study by segmenting the brainstem on 9 patients who underwent radiosurgery. Analysis of variance on shape and volume similarity metrics indicated that there were significant differences (p<0.05) between the groups of manual annotations and automatic segmentations. Experimental evaluation also showed an overlapping higher than 90% with respect to the ground truth. These results are comparable, and often higher, to those of the state of the art segmentation methods but with a considerably reduction of the segmentation time. PMID:27236370

  10. Investigating the Simulink Auto-Coding Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gualdoni, Matthew J.

    2016-01-01

    Model based program design is the most clear and direct way to develop algorithms and programs for interfacing with hardware. While coding "by hand" results in a more tailored product, the ever-growing size and complexity of modern-day applications can cause the project work load to quickly become unreasonable for one programmer. This has generally been addressed by splitting the product into separate modules to allow multiple developers to work in parallel on the same project, however this introduces new potentials for errors in the process. The fluidity, reliability and robustness of the code relies on the abilities of the programmers to communicate their methods to one another; furthermore, multiple programmers invites multiple potentially differing coding styles into the same product, which can cause a loss of readability or even module incompatibility. Fortunately, Mathworks has implemented an auto-coding feature that allows programmers to design their algorithms through the use of models and diagrams in the graphical programming environment Simulink, allowing the designer to visually determine what the hardware is to do. From here, the auto-coding feature handles converting the project into another programming language. This type of approach allows the designer to clearly see how the software will be directing the hardware without the need to try and interpret large amounts of code. In addition, it speeds up the programming process, minimizing the amount of man-hours spent on a single project, thus reducing the chance of human error as well as project turnover time. One such project that has benefited from the auto-coding procedure is Ramses, a portion of the GNC flight software on-board Orion that has been implemented primarily in Simulink. Currently, however, auto-coding Ramses into C++ requires 5 hours of code generation time. This causes issues if the tool ever needs to be debugged, as this code generation will need to occur with each edit to any part of

  11. Research on Specification of New Generation Auto Test%新一代综合自动测试标准体系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王石记; 潘安君

    2011-01-01

    以体系作战条件下多军兵种武器装备综合测试与保障的迫切需求为背景,提出了新一代综合自动测试系统技术体系联合架构; 通过建立具有自主知识产权的、具有国际先进水平的新一代开放式综合自动测试体系,将成为我国测试与试验技术发展的新的里程碑;能够提高我军各个军兵种武器平台的测试保障的整体水平,满足我国武器装备适应未来联合作战环境及引用高新技术升级换代的需求;以该体系构建出的综合测试系统平台,可直接应用于多兵种联合作战体系下的装备保障,成为未来信息化战争环境下主战武器系统装备中不可分割的一部分,对整个国家未来军事战略发展具有至关重要的意义.%Technical system architecture of new generation synthetic auto test system is proposed in the enviroment of the imperious demand of multi-army corps weapon equipment’synthetic testing and guarantee on the condition of system campaign.By building self-property, international advanced new generation open synthetic auto test system, it will be a new landmark in the testing and experiment area of our country.New generation test system can improve the total level o{ testing and guarantee of our army weapon platform, and satisfy the demand of weapon equipment enviroment adaptability in the future associated compaign and new technology ugrade.Synthetic testing sytem platform is built by this architecture, and it can be used in equipment guarantee of multi-army corps associated compaign system, and it can be an important part of the main weapon equipment in the future informational war, and thus it can be very important to the military stratagem development of our country.

  12. Improvement of MongoDB Auto-sharding Based on FODO%基于FODO算法MongoDB自动分片的改进

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何杭锋

    2013-01-01

    随着Web2.0技术的高速发展,云计算中的大规模分布式服务和数据存储技术对传统的关系型数据库带来了巨大的挑战.NoSQL数据库打破了关系型数据的束缚,正在成为人们关注的焦点.NoSQL是一种非关系型数据库管理系统,松散的数据存储机制,不支持多表查询,有高效的查询功能.文中首先介绍了MongoDB数据库自动分片的原理和实现机制,然后为了解决在自动分片中数据负载不均衡,提出了基于数据操作频率的改进算法.这个改进的平衡策略可以有效地均衡分片中的数据,提高集群的并发读写性能.%With the rapid development of the Internct Web2.0 technology,the demands of large-scale distributed service and storage in cloud computing have brought great challenges to shackles of RDBMS is becoming the focus of attention.NoSQL is non-relational database management system with format loose data storage,not supporting the join operation,the effective query capability etc.In this paper,the principles and implementation mechanisms of auto-sharding in MongoDB databases are firstly presented,then an improved algorithm based on the frequency of data operation is proposed in order to solve the problem of uneven distribution of data in auto-sharding.The improved balancing strategy can efficiently balance the data among shards,and improve the cluster's concurrent reading and writing performance.

  13. Shape Analysis Using the Auto Diffusion Function

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gebal, Katarzyna; Bærentzen, Jakob Andreas; Aanæs, Henrik;

    2009-01-01

    Scalar functions defined on manifold triangle meshes is a starting point for many geometry processing algorithms such as mesh parametrization, skeletonization, and segmentation. In this paper, we propose the Auto Diffusion Function (ADF) which is a linear combination of the eigenfunctions......, it is controlled by a single parameter which can be interpreted as feature scale, and, finally, the ADF is invariant to rigid and isometric deformations. We describe the ADF and its properties in detail and compare it to other choices of scalar functions on manifolds. As an example of an application, we present...

  14. 基于STM32的太阳能跟踪系统设计%Design of Sun Auto-tracking System Based on STM32

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚先友; 张慧敏; 张祥丽

    2012-01-01

    Combining two motor drives with four high precision photosensitive sensors, a type of sun auto-tracking system is designed based on Cortex-M3 kernel of the microprocessor STM32. The system accurately tracks the position of the sun based on real-time,using photosensitive sensors for error correction. In order to get the maximum efficiency of solar energy,the internal superior PWM controller of STM32 is adopted to control motors. The experimental results show that the system can work steadily and reliably, with high accuracy tracking the sum basically.%基于先进Cortex-M3内核的微处理器STM32,结合双电机驱动器与高精度光敏传感器,研究并设计了一套高精度太阳能跟踪系统.该系统以实时时间为基准精确追踪太阳位置,以光敏传感器进行误差修正,利用STM32优越的PWM方式控制电机,实现太阳能接受效率的最大化.实验结果表明,系统工作稳定可靠,基本实现了对太阳的实时跟踪.

  15. Simulation of Arc Rotation and Its Effects on Pressure of Expansion Volume in an Auto-Expansion SF6 Circuit Breaker

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Junmin; Chi, Chengbin; Guan, Yonggang; Liu, Weidong; Wu, Junhui

    2016-03-01

    A 3D Magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) arc model in conjunction with an arc movement model is applied to simulate the arc rotation as well as to solve its effect on the pressure in an auto-expansion circuit breaker. The rotation of the arc driven by an external electromagnetic force is simulated in the case with 200 kA of the short circuit current and 16 ms of arc duration. The arc rotating process and the speed of arc rotation have been obtained in the simulation. A comparison of the pressure in the expansion volume with and without an external magnetic field has been carried out based on the calculation results of two cases. The results of the simulation reveal that the arc rotation, which causes more energy exchange between the arc and its surrounding gas, can evidently bring about the pressurization in the expansion volume, which would contribute to more effective arc quenching at current zero and further reducing operation power. supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 51177005 and 51477004)

  16. Working memory training in children: Effectiveness depends on temperament.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Studer-Luethi, Barbara; Bauer, Catherine; Perrig, Walter J

    2016-02-01

    Studies revealing transfer effects of working memory (WM) training on non-trained cognitive performance of children hold promising implications for scholastic learning. However, the results of existing training studies are not consistent and provoke debates about the potential and limitations of cognitive enhancement. To examine the influence of individual differences on training outcomes is a promising approach for finding causes for such inconsistencies. In this study, we implemented WM training in an elementary school setting. The aim was to investigate near and far transfer effects on cognitive abilities and academic achievement and to examine the moderating effects of a dispositional and a regulative temperament factor, neuroticism and effortful control. Ninety-nine second-graders were randomly assigned to 20 sessions of computer-based adaptive WM training, computer-based reading training, or a no-contact control group. For the WM training group, our analyses reveal near transfer on a visual WM task, far transfer on a vocabulary task as a proxy for crystallized intelligence, and increased academic achievement in reading and math by trend. Considering individual differences in temperament, we found that effortful control predicts larger training mean and gain scores and that there is a moderation effect of both temperament factors on post-training improvement: WM training condition predicted higher post-training gains compared to both control conditions only in children with high effortful control or low neuroticism. Our results suggest that a short but intensive WM training program can enhance cognitive abilities in children, but that sufficient self-regulative abilities and emotional stability are necessary for WM training to be effective. PMID:26353877

  17. Working memory training in children: Effectiveness depends on temperament.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Studer-Luethi, Barbara; Bauer, Catherine; Perrig, Walter J

    2016-02-01

    Studies revealing transfer effects of working memory (WM) training on non-trained cognitive performance of children hold promising implications for scholastic learning. However, the results of existing training studies are not consistent and provoke debates about the potential and limitations of cognitive enhancement. To examine the influence of individual differences on training outcomes is a promising approach for finding causes for such inconsistencies. In this study, we implemented WM training in an elementary school setting. The aim was to investigate near and far transfer effects on cognitive abilities and academic achievement and to examine the moderating effects of a dispositional and a regulative temperament factor, neuroticism and effortful control. Ninety-nine second-graders were randomly assigned to 20 sessions of computer-based adaptive WM training, computer-based reading training, or a no-contact control group. For the WM training group, our analyses reveal near transfer on a visual WM task, far transfer on a vocabulary task as a proxy for crystallized intelligence, and increased academic achievement in reading and math by trend. Considering individual differences in temperament, we found that effortful control predicts larger training mean and gain scores and that there is a moderation effect of both temperament factors on post-training improvement: WM training condition predicted higher post-training gains compared to both control conditions only in children with high effortful control or low neuroticism. Our results suggest that a short but intensive WM training program can enhance cognitive abilities in children, but that sufficient self-regulative abilities and emotional stability are necessary for WM training to be effective.

  18. The Temporal Effect of Training Utility Perceptions on Adopting a Trained Method: The Role of Perceived Organizational Support

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madera, Juan M.; Steele, Stacey T.; Beier, Margaret

    2011-01-01

    The current study examined the temporal effect of perceived training utility on adoption of a trained method and how perceived organizational support influences the relationship between perceived training utility perceptions and adoption of a trained method. With the use of a correlational-survey-based design, this longitudinal study required…

  19. Compression method based on training dataset of SVM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    The method to compress the training dataset of Support Vector Machine (SVM) based on the character of the Support Vector Machine is proposed.First,the distance between the unit in two training datasets,and then the samples that keep away from hyper-plane are discarded in order to compress the training dataset.The time spent in training SVM with the training dataset compressed by the method is shortened obviously.The result of the experiment shows that the algorithm is effective.

  20. Purchasing The American Auto Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Afalling giant is still huge There are reports that American Big Three are going to shut down 59 plants in this January to hold more cash for a supporting hand from the government. From the viewpoint of accountant practice and investment bank,it is the best time for local car producers to go abroad."Trapped American auto industry is much devalued and it is the best time for local producers

  1. Training Effectiveness at PT XYZ Using Kirkpatrick Model and Return on Investment of Training (ROI-Training

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jonny Jonny

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The goal of the research was to evaluate the effectiveness of Kirkpatrick model and Return on Investment of Training at PT XYZ. Observation was applied to this research. The result has shown several facts such as trainee’s feedback score was 4.62 above 4.10 as required by the company in terms of reaction, the average final exam score was 3.66 above 3.00 as required by the company in terms of learning, the trainees’ superiors’ feedback score was 3.53 above 3.00 as required by the company and Return on Investment of Training (ROI-Training was 58.88% above 15% as required by the company. With these results, the company can conclude that the program is effective in nurturing its supervisory leaders.

  2. Dynamic interaction analysis of trains moving on embankments during earthquakes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ju, S. H.; Li, H. C.

    2011-10-01

    This study developed a time-domain finite element method to simulate the derailment of trains moving on embankments under seismic loading. The finite element mesh included trains, rails, embankment foundation, soil, and the absorbing boundary condition, where the seismic displacements were applied at the bottom of the mesh. For the cases of a perfectly smooth rail with or without seismic loading, the train derailment coefficients are almost independent of train speeds. However, with minor rail irregularities, they are highly dependent on train speeds. This study also shows that the resonance between the train and earthquake plays an important role in train derailment. The maximum derailment coefficients are quite linear in proportion to the peak ground acceleration (PGA) of the earthquake, if the structural behaviors and dynamic soil properties are not nonlinear.

  3. The Application of the lightweight database-Spatialite in AutoCAD%轻量数据库 Spatialite 在 AutoCAD 中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柳华桥; 王光昇

    2013-01-01

    一般的GIS软件都支持几何对象的空间分析处理,如Within、Intersect、Contain、Overlap等,而AutoCAD缺少像GIS那样的空间分析功能,但可以借助于轻量级空间数据库Spatialite实现对AutoCAD对象的空间操作。本文讨论了如何将Spatialite空间数据库模块嵌入到AutoCAD平台中以及如何实现对AutoCAD对象的空间处理和运算。%The general GIS software support geometric objects spatial analysis ,such as Within,Intersects,Contains, Overlaps and so on , while AutoCAD lacks these functions , but we can use lightweight spatial database-Spatialite to a-chieve AutoCAD object space operation .This article discusses how to embed the Spatialite space database module into AutoCAD platform,as well as how to realize the AutoCAD object spatial processing and operation .

  4. Auto-control system for artificial rainfall simulation based on LabVIEW%基于LabVIEW的人工模拟降雨自动控制系统

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周奇; 岑国平; 张亮; 敦晓; 郭明威

    2011-01-01

    介绍一种基于LabVIEW语言开发的针对道路水分运移研究的人工模拟降雨自动控制系统.该系统采用闭环控制算法,通过涡轮流量计、电动执行器和PPC(可编程计算机控制器)来控制各种雨型.试验结果显示:设计雨强和检测雨强的相对误差在5%以下;全套系统的重现性、稳定性和降雨空间分布的均匀性在97%以上;渐变降雨的线性率在85%以上.%An auto-control system for artificial rainfall simulation based on LabVIEW to study water migration in road structures was introduced. The closed-loop control algorithm was adopted in the system, and the rain types were controlled by a turboflowmeter, electrical regulated valve and programmable computer controller. The test results indicate that the relative deviation between the design and practical rain intensities is below 5%. Tne fidelity and stability of the whole set of system as well as the uniformity of spatial distribution of the rainfall are all above 97%. The linearity rate of the shadowed rainfall is above 85%.

  5. Design of Phoneme MIDI Codes Using the MIDI Encoding Tool “Auto-F” and Realizing Voice Synthesizing Functions Based on Musical Sounds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Modegi, Toshio

    Using our previously developed audio to MIDI code converter tool “Auto-F”, from given vocal acoustic signals we can create MIDI data, which enable to playback the voice-like signals with a standard MIDI synthesizer. Applying this tool, we are constructing a MIDI database, which consists of previously converted simple harmonic structured MIDI codes from a set of 71 Japanese male and female syllable recorded signals. And we are developing a novel voice synthesizing system based on harmonically synthesizing musical sounds, which can generate MIDI data and playback voice signals with a MIDI synthesizer by giving Japanese plain (kana) texts, referring to the syllable MIDI code database. In this paper, we propose an improved MIDI converter tool, which can produce temporally higher-resolution MIDI codes. Then we propose an algorithm separating a set of 20 consonant and vowel phoneme MIDI codes from 71 syllable MIDI converted codes in order to construct a voice synthesizing system. And, we present the evaluation results of voice synthesizing quality between these separated phoneme MIDI codes and their original syllable MIDI codes by our developed 4-syllable word listening tests.

  6. Auto-generation of mine shaft engineering model based on Blender%基于Blender的矿山井巷模型自动生成研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊绵国; 朱权洁; 刘晓云; 吕垒; 盛建龙

    2012-01-01

    以开源三维软件Blender和矿山基础信息库为资源,利用Python编程语言提出矿山井巷几何模型的计算方法,并通过Blender自带Python API调用Blender建模引擎,从而实现对矿山井巷三维模型的自动生成.运行结果表明所设计的模型简单易行,完全开源后无需软件费用.%Based on the open-source 3D software Blender and mining-based information database, this paper uses the Python programming language to arrive at the calculation method of mine geometric model. By calling Blender modeling engine through Python API, it has realized the auto-generation of 3D model of the mine shaft engineering. The model is found to be simple, feasible and what's more, costless thanks to the use of completely open-source software.

  7. Board Members' Views on Training and Development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weaver, Liz; Inglis, Sue

    1999-01-01

    A survey of 22 agency directors and 219 volunteer board members showed that 40% of members received 1-5 hours of training in the last 6 months, 47% none. Training needs included board roles and responsibilities, strategic planning, understanding the agency, and fundraising. Preferred methods were facilitated workshop/retreat or board-led training…

  8. The EC discourse on vocational training

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cort, Pia

    2009-01-01

    This article traces the EC vocational training policy historically and describes the discursive alignments which brought the policy from a ‘common vocational training policy' as laid down in Article 128, in the Treaty of Rome to the Lisbon Lifelong Learning strategy. The argument is that vocational...

  9. AutoCAD到AutoCAD Mechanical的平滑过渡

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄皓

    2014-01-01

    AutoCAD Mechanical是AutoCAD面向机械行业的专业版,在行业内对AutoCAD具有全面优势。在2010版的环境下,阐述了AutoCAD Mechanical的新增功能、使用优势和操作技术,可以在较短时间内实现从AutoCAD到AutoCAD Mechanical使用的平滑过渡,实现工作效率与创新能力的倍增。

  10. Auto-oscillations in complex plasmas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhdanov, Sergej K; Schwabe, Mierk; Heidemann, Ralf; Suetterlin, Robert; Thomas, Hubertus M; Rubin-Zuzic, Milenko; Rothermel, Hermann; Hagl, Tanja; Ivlev, Alexei V; Morfill, Gregor E [Max-Planck-Institut fuer extraterrestrische Physik, D-85741 Garching (Germany); Molotkov, Vladimir I; Lipaev, Andrey M; Petrov, Oleg F; Fortov, Vladimir E [Institute for High Energy Densities, Russian Academy of Sciences, 125412 Moscow (Russian Federation); Reiter, Thomas [Deutsches Zentrum fuer Luft- und Raumfahrt, Linder Hoehe, 51147 Koeln (Germany)], E-mail: zh@mpe.mpg.de

    2010-04-15

    Experimental results on an auto-oscillatory pattern observed in a complex plasma are presented. The experiments are performed with an argon plasma, which is produced under microgravity conditions using a capacitively coupled rf discharge at low power and gas pressure. The observed intense wave activity in the complex plasma cloud correlates well with the low-frequency modulation of the discharge voltage and current and is initiated by periodic void contractions. Particle migrations forced by the waves are of long-range repulsive and attractive character.

  11. Control voltage of the generator of auto-excited induction for applications on micro/mini generation o electric power; Control de voltaje del generador de induccion auto-excitado para aplicaciones de micro/mini generacion de energia electrica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Torres Montalvo, Emmanuel

    2006-09-15

    Although only one part of the mini/micro hydraulic power has been exploited in our country, this type of electric energy generation can be considered as a visible way of electricity generation, mainly related to the ecological, economical and social aspects. The impact that these power plants can have in the regions in which they are installed is always positive: cost energy cost reduction, economical spills and mainly a social welfare. The electric energy is one of the pillars for the economical development of a country and provides a better life quality. Nowadays the research and the technology oriented to the operation and control of the micro/mini power plants has awaken the interest of many researchers in several countries of the world as China, India, Canada, and USA to mention some of them. The induction generator plays a crucial role in the uses of these technologies. The work of Basset and Potter in 1935 is the angular stone over the possibility of generating energy making use of the induction machine and a capacitors bank connected to the machine terminals. This configuration is known as induction auto-excited generator (GIAE). Several investigations have been realized that deal about the functioning principle and the dynamic behavior a GIAE, which can supply electric power in remote isolated regions. In the existing literature have been proposed control strategies to offer voltage regulations and/or frequency into the acceptable range. Some of these control strategies present problems such a demand of a reactive power, harmonics injections in the system, the control circuits are complicated, expensive and voluminous and prone to fail. This paper realizes an analysis of the necessary and sufficient conditions so that an induction machine can operate as GIAE. The corresponding curves are presented for each studied case. The dynamic behavior of the voltage and the frequency generated by the GIAE are studied in detail, which is a contribution to the existing

  12. Report on EURL training course 2014

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olesen, Niels Jørgen; Vendramin, Niccolò; Bruun, Morten Sichlau;

    2014-01-01

    . The overall purpose of the training course was to provide an opportunity for the NRLs to send employees for training in techniques relevant when working with fish diseases. Staff of the EURL provided this training, together with teachers from the Danish Veterinary and Food Administration and CVI......The training courses took place in Copenhagen at DTU National Veterinary Institute, Bülowsvej 27, 2700 Frederiksberg C Denmark, from September the 8th to the 17th, 2014. Two courses were prepared, the first one, with 10 trainees, was entitled “Methods for implementation of surveillance procedures...... for listed fish diseases” and took place from 8th to 12th September 2014. The second course was entitled “Real-time PCR for diagnostics and surveillance of Fish Diseases” and took place in Copenhagen 15th to 17th September 2014 with 13 participants. 3 persons participated in both training courses...

  13. The Effects of Backwards Running Training on Forward Running Economy in Trained Males.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ordway, Jason D; Laubach, Lloyd L; Vanderburgh, Paul M; Jackson, Kurt J

    2016-03-01

    Backwards running (BR) results in greater cardiopulmonary response and muscle activity compared with forward running (FR). BR has traditionally been used in rehabilitation for disorders such as stroke and lower leg extremity injuries, as well as in short bursts during various athletic events. The aim of this study was to measure the effects of sustained backwards running training on forward running economy in trained male athletes. Eight highly trained, male runners (26.13 ± 6.11 years, 174.7 ± 6.4 cm, 68.4 ± 9.24 kg, 8.61 ± 3.21% body fat, 71.40 ± 7.31 ml·kg(-1)·min(-1)) trained with BR while harnessed on a treadmill at 161 m·min(-1) for 5 weeks following a 5-week BR run-in period at a lower speed (134 m·min(-1)). Subjects were tested at baseline, postfamiliarized, and post-BR training for body composition, a ramped VO2max test, and an economy test designed for trained male runners. Subjects improved forward running economy by 2.54% (1.19 ± 1.26 ml·kg(-1)·min(-1), p = 0.032) at 215 m·min(-1). VO2max, body mass, lean mass, fat mass, and % body fat did not change (p > 0.05). Five weeks of BR training improved FR economy in healthy, trained male runners without altering VO2max or body composition. The improvements observed in this study could be a beneficial form of training to an already economical population to improve running economy. PMID:26332781

  14. Effects of combined training vs aerobic training on cognitive functions in COPD: a randomized controlled trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aquino G

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Giovanna Aquino,1 Enzo Iuliano,1 Alessandra di Cagno,2 Angela Vardaro,3 Giovanni Fiorilli,1 Stefano Moffa,1 Alfonso Di Costanzo,1 Giuseppe De Simone,3 Giuseppe Calcagno1 1Department of Medicine and Health Sciences “Vincenzo Tiberio”, University of Molise, Campobasso, 2Department of Health Science, University ForoItalico, Rome, 3“Villa Margherita”, Benevento, Italy Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of high-intensity aerobic training (AT and high-intensity aerobic training combined with resistance training (ie, combined training [CT] on cognitive function in patients with COPD. Methods: Twenty-eight Caucasian male patients (68.35±9.64 years; mean ± SD with COPD were recruited and randomized into two groups, AT and CT. Both groups performed physical reconditioning for 4 weeks, with a frequency of five training sessions per week. The CT group completed two daily sessions of 30 minutes: one aerobic session and one strength session, respectively; The AT group performed two 30-minute aerobic endurance exercise sessions on treadmill. Physical and cognitive function tests were performed before and after the training intervention performances. Results: Exercise training improved the following cognitive functions: long-term memory, verbal fluency, attentional capacity, apraxia, and reasoning skills (P<0.01. Moreover, the improvements in the CT group were significantly greater than those in the AT group in long-term memory, apraxia, and reasoning skills (P<0.05. Conclusion: CT may be a possible strategy to prevent cognitive decline and associated comorbidities in male patients with COPD. Keywords: physical training, cognition, resistance training, rehabilitation, respiratory disease

  15. The Construction of Vocational School Specialized Cours-es Based on Moodle Platform:A Case Study on "Engi-neering Drawing AutoCAD"%基于Moodle平台的职业学校专业课建设--以“工程制图AutoCAD”课程为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张鑫; 冯清

    2014-01-01

    高职教育中,学生不再是学习的被动者,而是自己学习的主人,这就需要教师顺应时代的发展,提高自己的教学能力,探索适合新时代教学的新模式。 Moodle平台作为一个基于建构主义教育理论进行设计开发的开源式课程管理系统,具有强大的教学功能,越来越多的职业教育者将其引入课堂。本文以“工程制图AutoCAD”课程建设为例,小结了Moodle平台的教学功能,探讨了Moodle平台下的职业学校专业课教学模式。%In vocational education, students become masters of their own learning instead of passive learning, which requires teachers to conform to the times, to improve their teaching ability, and to explore a new model suitable for the new era of teaching. Moodle platform, as an open source course management system, which is designed and exploited based on constructivism educa-tion theory,has a powerful teaching function. Now, a growing number of vocational educators are introducing Moodle into classroom. In light of this, this thesis takes"Engineering Drawing AutoCAD" as an example, focuses on the teaching function of Moodle, and probes into specialized course teaching mode in vo-cational schools under Moodle platform.

  16. Fuzzy Comprehensive Evaluation of Training Effect on Human Resource Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾建权

    2003-01-01

    On the basis of the essential connotation of the training effect on human resource development and the basic principles of setting up a index system, the evaluation index system of the training effect on human resource development in enterprises has been established. It evaluates the training effect on human resource development with the method of fuzzy comprehensive evaluation and achieves better results. It also provides a scientific, practical and quantitative method for the systematic analysis and comprehensive evaluation of the training effect on human resource development.

  17. Auto-Pattern Programmable Kernel Filter (Auto-PPKF for Suppression of Bot Generated Traffic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kritika Govind

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Bots usually vary from their other malicious counter parts by periodically reporting to the botmaster through regular exchange of messages. Our experiments on bot attack generation showed a continuous exchange of packets with similar content between the botmaster and the zombie machine at various time intervals. Though there were also genuine packets with similar content being sent out of the victim machine challenge was to differentiate between the two and pass only the genuine ones. In this paper, an algorithm namely Auto-Pattern Programmable Kernel Filter (Auto-PPKF, for automatic detection of patterns from packet payload for filtering out malicious packets generated by bots is proposed. The significant feature of our proposed Auto-PPKF algorithm is that, the malicious pattern is deduced at kernel level on the fly from packet payload. Traditional algorithms such as Boyer Moore, Knuth Morris Patt, and Naive Pattern search algorithms require the pattern to be identified available a priori. Currently, Longest Common Subsequence (LCS algorithm stands as the most preferred algorithm for pattern matching. But the disadvantage is that common sequences can also exist in many genuine packets. Hence, the challenge lies in automatic detection of malicious patterns and filtering of the packets having such malicious patterns. This would not only put off the communication between the Botmaster and Zombie machine, but will also thus prevent user information from being sent to the botmaster.

  18. Streamlining EPID-based IMRT quality assurance: auto-analysis and auto-report generation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Using an EPID for patient specific IMRT QA is an efficient way to verify patient plans prior to the treatment. Our centres' current EPID dosimetry method is based on a water equivalent depth approach, where EPID images of each IMRT field are converted to dose images and compared to Treatment planning system calculated dose images using a commercial software tool. Two physicists across two sites perform the analysis for an average of 12 new IMRT patients per week. To speed up this process, an in-house program called AutoEPIDIMRTQA was developed. The program automatically performs the following tasks sequentially: reading and converting raw EPID images acquired on either a Siemens Oncor or Elekta Synergy linear accelerator, registering them with planar dose images calculated by Pinnacle (Philips) or CMS XiO (Elekta) treatment planning systems, analyzing the profiles for registered images and calculating the Gamma map. Finally an IMRT QA report is automatically generated. AutoEPIDIMRTQA was validated against commercial software. The analysis time for a typical 9-beam IMRT head-neck patient decreases from 30 minutes to 4 minutes. The total QA time was reduced by 40% using AutoEPIDIMRTQA. Thus we have demonstrated a significant reduction in the time burden for physics staff performing IMRT QA.

  19. Streamlining EPID-based IMRT quality assurance: auto-analysis and auto-report generation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xing, Aitang; Arumugam, Sankar; Deshpande, Shrikant; Armia; George; Holloway, Lois; Goozee, Gary; Gray, Alison; Vial, Philip

    2014-03-01

    Using an EPID for patient specific IMRT QA is an efficient way to verify patient plans prior to the treatment. Our centres' current EPID dosimetry method is based on a water equivalent depth approach, where EPID images of each IMRT field are converted to dose images and compared to Treatment planning system calculated dose images using a commercial software tool. Two physicists across two sites perform the analysis for an average of 12 new IMRT patients per week. To speed up this process, an in-house program called AutoEPIDIMRTQA was developed. The program automatically performs the following tasks sequentially: reading and converting raw EPID images acquired on either a Siemens Oncor or Elekta Synergy linear accelerator, registering them with planar dose images calculated by Pinnacle (Philips) or CMS XiO (Elekta) treatment planning systems, analyzing the profiles for registered images and calculating the Gamma map. Finally an IMRT QA report is automatically generated. AutoEPIDIMRTQA was validated against commercial software. The analysis time for a typical 9-beam IMRT head-neck patient decreases from 30 minutes to 4 minutes. The total QA time was reduced by 40% using AutoEPIDIMRTQA. Thus we have demonstrated a significant reduction in the time burden for physics staff performing IMRT QA.

  20. Effect of Vitamin D Supplementation on Training Adaptation in Well-Trained Soccer Players.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jastrzębska, Maria; Kaczmarczyk, Mariusz; Jastrzębski, Zbigniew

    2016-09-01

    Jastrzębska, M, Kaczmarczyk, M, and Jastrzębski, Z. Effect of vitamin D supplementation on training adaptation in well-trained soccer players. J Strength Cond Res 30(9): 2648-2655, 2016-There is growing body of evidence implying that vitamin D may be associated with athletic performance, however, studies examining the effects of vitamin D on athletic performance are inconsistent. Moreover, very little literature exists about the vitamin D and training efficiency or adaptation, especially in high-level, well-trained athletes. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the effect of vitamin D supplementation on training adaptation in well-trained football players. The subjects were divided into 2 groups: the placebo group (PG) and the experimental group (SG, supplemented with vitamin D, 5,000 IU per day). Both groups were subjected to High Intensity Interval Training Program. The selection to the groups was based on peak power results attained before the experiment and position on the field. Blood samples for vitamin D level were taken from the players. In addition, total work, 5, 10, 20, and 30 m running speed, squat jump, and countermovement jump height were determined. There were no significant differences between SG and PG groups for any power-related characteristics at baseline. All power-related variables, except the 30 m sprint running time, improved significantly in response to interval training. However, the mean change scores (the differences between posttraining and pretraining values) did not differ significantly between SG and PG groups. In conclusion, an 8-week vitamin D supplementation in highly trained football players was not beneficial in terms of response to High Intensity Interval Training. Given the current level of evidence, the recommendation to use vitamin D supplements in all athletes to improve performance or training gains would be premature. To avoid a seasonal decrease in 25(OH)D level or to obtain optimal vitamin D levels, the

  1. Art of Innovation——Auto Shanghai 2009

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    @@ As one of the important global automotive industry events that are worthiest of being participated in and devoted into in 2009,The 13th International Automobile & Manufacturing Technology Exhibition ("Auto Shanghai 2009") themed on "Art of Innovation" will take place April.2228,2009 at the Shanghai New International Exhibition Centre with a brand new vision. According to latest statistics report of China Association of Automobile Manufacturers,the automotive industry keeps on the fast development track.The output and sales volume of 2007 are increased by 22.02% and 21.84%,respectively,which both achieve the new highest record in history while the output is expected to exceed 10 million in 2008.China is expected to become the second largest auto manufacturing country and second largest auto market in the world.

  2. Technical Training: Places available

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    If you wish to participate in one of the following courses, please discuss with your supervisor and apply electronically directly from the course description pages that can be found on the Web at: http://www.cern.ch/Training/ or fill in an "application for training" form available from your Divisional Secretariat or from your DTO (Divisional Training Officer). Applications will be accepted in the order of their receipt. TECHNICAL TRAINING Monique Duval tel. 74924 technical.training@cern.ch The number of places available may vary. Please check our Web site to find out the current availability. Places are available in the following courses: AutoCAD 2002 - niveau 1 : 19, 20.4 et 3, 4.5.2004 (4 jours) Oracle 8i/9i - Develop Web-based Applications with PL/SQL : 19 & 20.4.2004 (2 days) Introduction to ANSYS : 20 - 23.4.2004 (4 days) LabVIEW Hands-on : 20.4.2004 (half-day, p.m.) FrontPage XP - niveau 2 : 26 & 27.4.2004 (2 jours) The Joint PVSS JCOP Framework : 26 -...

  3. TECHNICAL TRAINING: Places available**

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    If you wish to participate in one of the following courses, please discuss with your supervisor and apply electronically directly from the course description pages that can be found on the Web at: http://www.cern.ch/Training/ or fill in an "application for training" form available from your Divisional Secretariat or from your DTO (Divisional Training Officer). Applications will be accepted in the order of their receipt. TECHNICAL TRAINING Monique Duval Tel. 74924 technical.training@cern.ch ** The number of places available may vary. Please check our Web site to find out the current availability. Places are available in the following courses: The EDMS-MTF in practice (free of charge) : 28 -  30.10.03 (6 half-day sessions) AutoCAD 2002 – Level 1 : 3, 4, 12, 13.11.03 (4 days) LabVIEW TestStand ver. 3 : 4 & 5.11.03 (2 days) Introduction to PSpice : 4.11.03 p.m. (half-day) Hands-on Introduction to Python Programming : 12 – 14.11.03 (3 days) ACCESS ...

  4. On-the-Job Training, Firing Costs and Employment

    OpenAIRE

    Díaz-Vázquez, Pilar; Snower, Dennis J.

    2004-01-01

    This paper explores the influence of on-the-job training on the employment effect of firing costs. It shows that on-the-job training (generating firm specific skills) causes firing costs to have a contractionary influence on average employment (over the booms and recessions of the business cycle).

  5. Driving Auto Parts Sector

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DING WENLEI

    2010-01-01

    @@ Pacific Century Motor Systems Co.Ltd. (PCM), funded by Beijing E-Town International Investment and Development Co. Ltd. and Tempo International Group Ltd., announced the acquisition of General Motors' steering division, Nexteer Automotive, on November 29.The transaction, worth an estimated $420 million, took 10 months to complete and marks the single largest Chinese investment in the global automotive supplier industry.

  6. 基于 PLC 的全自动包装机控制系统开发与实现%Development and Achievement of Auto Packaging Machinery Control System Based on PLC

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓昌奇

    2014-01-01

    A control system of auto -weighting auto-mixed packaging machine can be based on PLC according to the characteristics of fer-tilizer powdery .The system can realize automatic control of weighting ,mixing ,packing ,and auto-sealing off function .It has the charac-teristics of less waste ,convenient control and dynamics weighing function etc .It can be used in fertilizer weighing package of powdery and granular .Various performance indicators are proved to be stable and reliable by field test and run ,and measurement accuracy can meet the ideal requirements ,thus the result of auto-control in packaging machine is realized .%针对化肥粉末料的特点,提出了一种基于PLC控制器的自动计量混合包装机的控制系统,实现称量、混合、包装以及封口等工作过程的自动控制,具有浪费少、控制方便和动态称量等特点,可用于各种粉末状、颗粒状等肥料称重包装。系统在现场实验和运行中的各项性能指标稳定可靠,计量精度达到了设计的要求,实现了包装机自动控制的目的。

  7. Training on Call: The Open Learning Network.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garside, Susan

    1996-01-01

    Queensland (Australia) Open Learning Network delivered training to telephone industry workers using audiographic conferencing. Ways to overcome the lack of face-to-face interaction were devised, and the presenter used oral cues more extensively. (SK)

  8. Auto-Clustering using Particle Swarm Optimization and Bacterial Foraging

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rutkowski Olesen, Jakob; Cordero, Jorge; Zeng, Yifeng

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents a hybrid approach for clustering based on particle swarm optimization (PSO) and bacteria foraging algorithms (BFA). The new method AutoCPB (Auto-Clustering based on particle bacterial foraging) makes use of autonomous agents whose primary objective is to cluster chunks of data...... by using simplistic collaboration. Inspired by the advances in clustering using particle swarm optimization, we suggest further improvements. Moreover, we gathered standard benchmark datasets and compared our new approach against the standard K-means algorithm, obtaining promising results. Our hybrid...

  9. Organizational (auto)-ethnography

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bager, Ann

    . The aspiration in present article is precisely to scrutinize local practices in a dialogue based leadership development forum in university settings. This provides insights into the lived lives and identity work in Aalborg University representing a temporary, polyphonic and cross-disciplinary research project...... in a modern corporation. The project was an example of a loose-coupled and temporary arrangement/organization that invited a diverse group of participants to engage in the co-production of knowledge in/on leadership communicative practices. The participants involved professional leaders from diverse...

  10. Finite Element Meshes Auto-Generation for the Welted Bifurcation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YUANMei; LIYa-ping

    2004-01-01

    In this paper, firstly, a mathematical model for a specific kind of welted bifurcation is established, the parametric equation for the intersecting curve is resulted in. Secondly, a method for partitioning finite element meshes of the welted bifurcation is put forward, its main idea is that developing the main pipe surface and the branch pipe surface respectively, dividing meshes on each developing plane and obtaining meshes points, then transforming their plane coordinates into space coordinates. Finally, an applied program for finite element meshes auto-generation is simply introduced, which adopt ObjectARX technique and its running result can be shown in AutoCAD. The meshes generated in AutoCAD can be exported conveniently to most of finite element analysis soft wares, and the finite element computing result can satisfy the engineering precision requirement.

  11. A Generalized Framework for Auto-tuning Stencil Computations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kamil, Shoaib; Chan, Cy; Williams, Samuel; Oliker, Leonid; Shalf, John; Howison, Mark; Bethel, E. Wes; Prabhat,

    2009-05-01

    This work introduces a generalized framework for automatically tuning stencil computations to achieve superior performance on a broad range of multicore architectures. Stencil (nearest-neighbor) based kernels constitute the core of many important scientific applications involving block-structured grids. Auto-tuning systems search over optimization strategies to find the combination of tunable parameters that maximizes computational efficiency for a given algorithmic kernel. Although the auto-tuning strategy has been successfully applied to libraries, generalized stencil kernels are not amenable to packaging as libraries. Studied kernels in this work include both memory-bound kernels as well as a computation-bound bilateral filtering kernel. We introduce a generalized stencil auto-tuning framework that takes a straightforward Fortran expression of a stencil kernel and automatically generates tuned implementations of the kernel in C or Fortran to achieve performance portability across diverse computer architectures.

  12. Brilliance Auto:Chinese, Global, Successful

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    @@ As the only automobile sponsor of BOAO FORUM FOR ASIA in April 2004, Brilliance Auto had a great opportunity to show her 'New Zhonghua" sedan which is an upper-medium car with completely independent intellectual property rights and repre sents the independent development philosophy of Brilliance Auto and is especially made for business personnel. The development pattern of Zhonghua sedan set a brand new model in Chinese auto industry to utilize the global resources and talents and international division of labor in the international arena, and she has become a typical sample of independent brand sedans in the contemporary Chinese auto industry.

  13. AutoCAD自动化控制器中执行AutoCAD命令

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邬昌明

    2001-01-01

    由于AutoCAD自动化(Automation)没有提供执行AutoCAD命令的方法,因此在利用自动化接口对AutoCAD进行二次开发时,不能直接执行AutoCAD软件自身提供的各种命令,本文提出了一种解决此问题的办法。

  14. The Impact of Fair Employment Laws on Training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gordon, Steven R.

    1978-01-01

    Focuses on the effect of Title VII (Civil Rights Act of 1964) on applicant selection for training. Trainee selection procedures adversely affecting minorities must be job related. Examines court cases, Equal Employment Opportunity Commission decisions, and impact of fair employment laws on training. (CSS)

  15. Technical Training: Places available

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    If you wish to participate in one of the following courses, please discuss with your supervisor and apply electronically directly from the course description pages that can be found on the Web at: http://www.cern.ch/Training/ or fill in an "application for training" form available from your Divisional Secretariat or from your DTO (Divisional Training Officer). Applications will be accepted in the order of their receipt. TECHNICAL TRAINING Monique Duval tel. 74924 technical.training@cern.ch The number of places available may vary. Please check our Web site to find out the current availability. Places are available in the following courses: Instructor-led WBTechT study or follow-up for Microsoft applications : 1.4.2004 (morning) FrontPage XP - niveau 1 : 5 & 6.4.2004 (2 jours) AutoCAD 2002 - niveau 1 : 19, 20.4 et 3, 4.5.2004 (4 jours) Oracle 8i/9i - Develop Web-based Applications with PL/SQL : 19 & 20.4.2004 (2 days) Introduction to ANSYS : 20 - 23.4.2004 (4 day...

  16. 基于AutoCAD2005环境下二次开发DWG文件加密器的研究与实现%Researches and realization on the second development of equipment add passward in DWG file, which is based on the environment of AutoCAD2005

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈宏斌; 石湘龙

    2006-01-01

    这里通过对 AutoCAD常用加密方法的分析,结合在实际工作中存在的加密问题,基于 AutoCAD2005环境下,介绍了二次开发 DWG文件加密器的方法与技术,最后得出结论,阐述其开发的重要意义.

  17. 基于稀疏自动编码深度神经网络的感应电动机故障诊断%Induction Motor Fault Diagnosis Based on Deep Neural Network of Sparse Auto-encoder

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙文珺; 邵思羽; 严如强

    2016-01-01

    To overcome the drawback of using supervised learning to extract fault features for classification in most of current induction motor fault diagnosis approaches, adeep neural network algorithm is presented, which is realized by the sparse auto-encoder combined with the denoising auto-encoder, to achieve unsupervised feature learning for fault diagnosis of induction motors. Sparse auto-encoder can learn the inherent features and extract the succinct expressions from complex data automatically. In addition, the method of denoising auto-encoder can increase the robustness of feature expression, thus improving the performance of the sparse auto-encoder. The extracted features can then be used to train a neural network classifier and complete the deep neural network construction. The back-propagation algorithm is used for fine-tuning the deep neural network with the purpose of improving the accuracy of fault classification. The “dropout” technique is also introduced into to the entire training process to reduce the prediction error caused by “overfitting”. Experimental results have shown that, compared with the traditional back propagation (BP) neural network, the presented deep neural network can realize induction motor fault diagnosis more effectively.%针对目前感应电动机故障诊断大多采用监督学习提取故障特征的现状,提出一种将去噪编码融入稀疏自动编码器的深度神经网络,实现非监督学习的特征提取并用于感应电动机的故障诊断。稀疏自动编码器通过自动学习复杂数据的内在特征来提取简明的数据特征表达。为提高特征表达的鲁棒性,在稀疏编码器的基础上融入去噪编码,提取更有效的特征表达用来训练神经网络分类器进而完成整个深度神经网络的构建,并结合反向传播算法对深度神经网络进行整体微调,提升故障分类的准确度。整个训练过程引入“dropout”训练技巧,减少因过

  18. Neural Plastic Effects of Cognitive Training on Aging Brain

    OpenAIRE

    Leung, Natalie T. Y.; Tam, Helena M. K.; Leung W. Chu; Kwok, Timothy C. Y.; Felix Chan; Lam, Linda C. W.; Jean Woo; Lee, Tatia M. C.

    2015-01-01

    Increasing research has evidenced that our brain retains a capacity to change in response to experience until late adulthood. This implies that cognitive training can possibly ameliorate age-associated cognitive decline by inducing training-specific neural plastic changes at both neural and behavioral levels. This longitudinal study examined the behavioral effects of a systematic thirteen-week cognitive training program on attention and working memory of older adults who were at risk of cogni...

  19. Digital control systems training on a distance learning platform

    OpenAIRE

    Jan PIECHA; Marcin BERNAŚ

    2009-01-01

    The paper deals with new training technologies development based on approach to distance learning website, implemented in the laboratory of a Traffic Engineering study branch at Faculty of Transport. The discussed computing interface allows students complete knowledge of traffic controllers’ architecture and machine language programming fundamentals. These training facilities are available at home; at their remote terminal. The training resources consist of electronic / computer based trainin...

  20. Effect of Tb3+ substitution on the structural and magnetic properties of M-type hexaferrites synthesized by sol–gel auto-combustion technique

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    M-type hexaferrites with new substitution of rare-earth element Tb3+ having nominal composition Ba0.5Sr0.5−xTbxAlFe11O19 (x = 0.0, 0.05, 0.1, 0.15, 0.2, and 0.25) were synthesized by the sol–gel auto-combustion technique. The main aim of study is to investigate the effect of terbium (Tb3+) ions substitution at Sr2+ site on the structural and magnetic properties. The materials were characterized by Differential Scanning Calorimetry, Thermogravimetry, Fourier Transform Infra-Red spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and vibrating sample magnetometery analyses. The XRD patterns confirm the formation of M-type hexaferrite phase. The crystallite size was found to be in the range of 17–45 nm which is good enough to obtain the suitable signal-to-noise ratio in the high density recording media. The magnetic properties such as saturation magnetization (Ms), retentivity (Mr), squareness ratio (Mr/Ms) and coercivity (Hc) were calculated from the MH-loops. The saturation magnetization (Ms) and retentivity (Mr) decreased from 48.9–26.9 and 36.8–18.1 emu/g, respectively which may be due to spin canting and hence reduction in the super-exchange interactions. The enhancement of coercivity (Hc) from 1825 to 4440 G may be due to higher magnetocrystalline anisotropy, which is due to the Fe2+ ions located on a 2a site. The magnetic properties such as retentivity (Mr) and coercivity (Hc) make the synthesized materials useful for high density recording media and permanent magnets.

  1. A comparison of the auto industry competition edge between India and China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>Both India and China have been viewed as the mostpotential countries in the 21st century.Up to now,thetwo governments have set up the auto industry as apillar to lead their national economies.There havebeen disputes on the competition edge of the auto

  2. Implementing Results-Oriented Trade Policies: The Case of the US-Japanese Auto Parts Dispute

    OpenAIRE

    Kala Krishna; John Morgan

    1996-01-01

    Why would the US threaten punitive tariffs on luxury autos to implement a market share target in auto parts? We show that by making threats to a linked market, a market share may be implemented with fairly weak informa- tional and administrative requirements. Moreover, such policies can be both pro-competitive and advatageous to US firms.

  3. Europe's Auto/Oil 2 program, understanding the cost-benefits of NGV's

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Weide, J. van der

    2000-01-01

    In the mid-nineties in Europe, the so-called Auto/Oil 1 Program was carried out. The aim was to improve air quality in urban areas by setting new emissions standards based on improved vehicle and fuel technology. The program was carried out by the auto and oil industry under leadership of the Europe

  4. China's Auto Parts Industry Has Experienced 3 Periods Over The Past 30 Years

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    The following was a keynote speech of the CAAM at an annual conference on the auto parts industry. 1.The first stage:to introduce the advanced technologies to localize car parts. In the mid 1980's,the auto industry began introducing the car and truck

  5. Innovation lab ŠKODA AUTO a.s.

    OpenAIRE

    Prchal, Vojtěch

    2016-01-01

    This bachelor thesis introduces innovation lab issues, mentions actual information about innovation, innovation labs and the process of its realization in co-operation with ŠKODA AUTO a. s. Innovation labs are often a discussed topic in the business world lately and some prestigious companies have been running innovation labs already. According to the position of ŠKODA AUTO a. s. on the market and the absence of realised innovation labs in companies, this bachelor thesis might be benefitial f...

  6. A Vision Training Program's Impact on Ice Hockey Performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alison Jenerou, OD

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: This study was carried out to determine whether a preseason vision training program would improve visual skills and season success in a Division I men’s ice hockey team. Methods: A six-week vision training program was implemented with the Ferris State University Men’s Ice Hockey team during their pre-season workouts. Vision training incorporated binocular and accommodative training along with dynamic visual skills training. Results: The study showed an improvement in base out vergence ranges, binocular accommodative facility, and Wayne Saccadic Fixator (WSF scores and was viewed by players to have made a positive impact on their individual performance. The pre- and post vision training goals, shots on goal, and shooting percentage all significantly improved following training. Conclusion: The vision training program during preseason workouts had a positive impact on the players’ visual skills important for hockey. The players’ perception of their vision and how they were using their vision during competitive play also showed a significant change. The majority of the players felt that vision training was an effective use of their practice time allotted by the NCAA.

  7. Training on a vascular interventional simulator: an observational study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radiology registrars were observed performing a left renal artery angioplasty using a proprietary training simulator up to five times during their first year of training. Total procedure time, fluoroscopy times, and metric information from the machine were recorded. Each step of the procedure was judged by an observer and a mistake profile was generated. Fifty-two runs were completed by 12 trainees. The mean procedure time decreased from 16.6 min to 9.8 min over the five runs. The number of mistakes ranged from zero to ten and the mean number of mistakes made varied from 0.7 to 2.6 per procedure without any particular trend. Our study demonstrates that training on the simulator does improve performance. The mistakes made throughout training indicates the potential benefit from further simulator training. It remains unclear how to integrate this form of training in current educational programs. (orig.)

  8. 基于引力模型的中国汽车零部件出口影响因素研究%Influential Factors on Export of China Auto Parts Based on Gravity Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张玉佳; 段元萍; 朱丽娜

    2011-01-01

    通过实证检验,发现改进后的引力檬型对中国汽车零部件出口的影响十分明显;运输成本是影响中国汽车零部件出口的重要因素;人民币升值会对中国汽车零部件的出口产生较大的负面影响;传统的贸易壁垒对中国汽车零部件出口依然产生较大的负面影响。中国应注重自主创新,提高汽车零部件产业发展水平;拓展新兴市场,推动区域经贸合作;有效规避汇率风险,适度调整贸易产业政策。同时,汽车零部件企业也应转变营销理念,充分了解出口市场,提高企业及其产品的知名度,提升国际交流能力,培养全球化战略眼光。%The empirical test shows dlat modified gravity model has obvious effect on export of China auto parts, transportation cost is an important factor, RMB appreciation has negative effect, and traditional trade barrier still has greater negative effect. China should value independent innovation to develop its industry of auto parts, expand nascent markets to promote regional cooperation, effectively avoid exchange risks to adjust trade policy. Furthermore, the enterprises of auto parts should change marketing concept to know export market, increase their popularity and ability of international communication, and develop a strategic vision of globalizatian.

  9. Design of seeker auto gain control system based on multi-source information%导引头多源信息AGC系统设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘刚亮; 肖吉阳; 范红旗; 卢再奇

    2012-01-01

    针对雷达导引头AGC控制处理中传统低通滤波法在输入信号饱和时无法正常工作以及不能直接反映信号幅度的缺陷,通过分析信号幅度与饱和度及功率检波的相互关系,分别提出了基于饱和度的幅度估计方法和平方和功率检波的幅度估计方法,利用这两种方法的特点结合弹载处理机应用,设计了导引头多源信息自动增益控制算法,并给出了实现流程.利用Matlab仿真引入算例,证明其具有响应时间短、控制精度高、系统性能稳定的特点.%Traditional low pass filtering method (LPF) cannot work properly when the input signal is saturated and cannot reflect signal's amplitude directly in radar seeker digital auto gain Control (DAGC). And thus this paper presents an estimation method based on the magnitude of the saturation and sum of squares power detector by analyzing the relationship between signal amplitude, saturation and power detector. AGC algorithm is given by using the characteristics of these two methods with the combination of the application of missile-borne processor, and the implementation process is presented. The Matlab simulation results show that the AGC algorithm has the characteristics of short responsing time, high control accuracy and stable system performance.

  10. Research on Auto Flight Path Planning Algorithm of Multiple Unmanned Air Vehicles%多无人机飞行路径自动规划算法研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马传焱

    2015-01-01

    The path planning plays an important role in the reconnaissance task of unmanned air vehicle(UAV).Aiming at auto flight path planning algorithm of multi⁃UAV,this paper analyzes the key technologies of modeling and algorithm design.The algorithm uses Voronoi diagram for path planning. Based on the constructed battlefield environment V diagram, the Dijkstra algorithm in graph theory is used for initial path search and optimization.The simulation results show that this algorithm can be used to plan flight path for a typical multi⁃UAV flight task,and adapt to multiple constraint conditions.At last,it is shown that reasonable results of path planning are obtained.%路径规划对无人机完成其侦察作战任务具有重要意义。针对多无人机飞行路径自动规划算法,从模型建立和算法设计2个方面对规划过程中的关键技术进行了详细分析。算法采用构造Voronoi多边形图的方法来进行路径规划。基于构建的战场环境V图,采用图论中的Dijkstra 算法,对V图进行搜索得到初始航路并进行优化。经过分析仿真结果证明,该算法能对典型的多无人机飞行任务进行路径规划,并能满足多种约束条件,获取合理的规划结果。

  11. Return on Investment for Workplace Training: The Canadian Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Percival, Jennifer C.; Cozzarin, Brian P.; Formaneck, Steven D.

    2013-01-01

    One of the central problems in managing technological change and maintaining a competitive advantage in business is improving the skills of the workforce through investment in human capital and a variety of training practices. This paper explores the evidence on the impact of training investment on productivity in 14 Canadian industries from 1999…

  12. The Impact of Train Staff on the Customer Experience

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Mark van Hagen; Jessica Sauren

    2015-01-01

    The NS (Netherlands Railways) has developed an instrument which allows the measurement of both hard and less tangible quality aspects. This instrument, the so-called TEM (train experience monitor), monitors the quality experiences of customers with an aim to influencing key areas and underlying aspects. The TEM is a measurement instrument based on scientific evidence and questions passengers on the most important aspects of the train and train journey. These can be either functional questions on, e.g., security, cleanliness and information provision, or more emotional questions on the atmosphere and comfort of the train, e.g., whether passengers find the train pleasant and they feel welcome, including the role of the staff. The experience of a train journey can be influenced in three dimensions: process, people and place. Our focus in this study is on the importance of the people dimension, and for this purpose, the train staff experimented with a number of scripts which varied in their approach to tannoy announcements, ticket control and service provision. The findings show that the script focusing on control in combination with a warm (instead of a rational/business-like) service provision generates the highest assessment of the staff. On scrutinizing the influence of the scripts on the general assessment of the train journey, it is quite clear that the aforementioned script has a significant and positive impact.

  13. 19 CFR 123.11 - Supplies on international trains.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Supplies on international trains. 123.11 Section... OF THE TREASURY CUSTOMS RELATIONS WITH CANADA AND MEXICO International Traffic § 123.11 Supplies on international trains. (a) Articles acquired abroad. Articles subject to internal revenue tax and...

  14. Three Reflections on Assessing Safety Training Needs: A Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sleezer, Catherine M.; Kelsey, Kathleen D.; Wood, Thomas E.

    2008-01-01

    Needs assessment plays an important role in training and human performance improvement efforts, but the literature contains little research on this topic. This study extended previous research on the Performance Analysis for Training (PAT) model of needs assessment by examining its implementation to determine environmental and occupational health…

  15. Training based on mirror visual feedback influences transcallosal communication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avanzino, Laura; Raffo, Alessia; Pelosin, Elisa; Ogliastro, Carla; Marchese, Roberta; Ruggeri, Piero; Abbruzzese, Giovanni

    2014-08-01

    Mirror visual feedback (MVF) therapy has been demonstrated to be successful in neurorehabilitation, probably inducing neuroplasticity changes in the primary motor cortex (M1). However, it is not known whether MVF training influences the hemispheric balance between the M1s. This topic is of extreme relevance when MVF training is applied to stroke rehabilitation, as the competitive interaction between the two hemispheres induces abnormal interhemispheric inhibition (IHI) that weakens motor function in stroke patients. In the present study, we evaluated, in a group of healthy subjects, the effect of motor training and MVF training on the excitability of the two M1s and the IHI between M1s. The IHI from the 'active' M1 to the opposite M1 (where 'active' means the M1 contralateral to the moving hand in the motor training and the M1 of the seen hand in the MVF training) increased, after training, in both the experimental conditions. Only after motor training did we observe an increase in the excitability of the active M1. Our findings show that training based on MVF may influence the excitability of the transcallosal pathway and support its use in disorders where abnormal IHI is a potential target, such as stroke, where an imbalance between the affected and unaffected M1s has been documented.

  16. Proceedings of the ninth symposium on the training of nuclear facility personel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document provides reports presented on training of nuclear facility personnel. The papers were presented in the following categories: engineering technical staff; specialty training; customer perspective/plant side; human factors/soft science; maintenance; simulator centered training; hands-on training devices; management training; and reduced O ampersand M costs through training. Individual papers have been cataloged separately. (FI)

  17. Family factors associated with auto-aggressiveness in adolescents in Croatia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tripković, Mara; Francisković, Tanja; Grgić, Neda; Ercegović, Nela; Graovac, Mirjana; Zecević, Iva

    2013-12-01

    The aim of this research is to look into the roles of families' social situation and cohesion in adolescent auto-aggressiveness in Croatia. The research was conducted on a sample of Zagreb high school students which encompassed 701 pupils of both genders aged 14-19. The basic demographic data were obtained using the Structured Demographic and Family Data Questionnaire. Auto-aggressiveness was tested using a section of the Report on Youth Aged 11-18 and the Scale of Auto-destructiveness--SAD, whereas the family cohesion was tested with the Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scales FACES III. The obtained results show differences according to the gender: girls are more prone to auto-aggressiveness than boys (t = -3.385, df = 565, p = 0.001) and girls more often show symptoms of destructiveness (t = -3.809, df = 637, p corporal punishment by mother (F(2.542) = 8.132, p < 0.001) or father (F(2.530) = 5.341, p = 0.005). Adolescents from split families show more auto-aggressiveness. Family cohesion appears to be considerably associated with auto-aggressiveness and the adolescents that see their families as less cohesive have more mental problems (chi2 = 29.98, df = 2, p < 0.001). There is a connection between auto-destructive behavior in adolescents and family factors. Knowledge of family's social situation and cohesion may help understand, prevent and treat auto-aggressiveness in adolescents. PMID:24611318

  18. A Novel Train-to-Train Communication Model Design Based on Multihop in High-Speed Railway

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pengyu Liu

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Railway telematics applications are currently attracting attention and are under intense research. Reliable railway telematics applications increasingly tend to require a subsidiary means to help existent control system make train operation safer and more efficient. Since 2006, train-to-train communication has been studied to respond to such requirements. A key characteristic of train-to-train communication is that operation control to avoid possible accidents is conducted among trains without help of a base station. This paper proposes a novel train-to-train communication model in a physical layer based on multihop and cooperation, taking a high-speed railway propagation channel into account. The mechanism of this model lies in the idea that a source train uses trains on other tracks as relays to transmit signals to destination train on the same track. Based on occurrence of these potential relays, such mechanism can be divided into three cases. In each case, BER is applied to evaluate properties of the proposed communication model. Simulation results show that BER of the train-to-train communication model decreases to 10−6 when SNR is 10 dB and that the minimum receiving voltage of this model is −84 dBm, which is 8 dBm lower than the standards established by the International Union of Railways (UIC in a high-speed railway scenario.

  19. Effects of arachidonic acid supplementation on training adaptations in resistance-trained males

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Greenwood Mike

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background To determine the impact of AA supplementation during resistance training on body composition, training adaptations, and markers of muscle hypertrophy in resistance-trained males. Methods In a randomized and double blind manner, 31 resistance-trained male subjects (22.1 ± 5.0 years, 180 ± 0.1 cm, 86.1 ± 13.0 kg, 18.1 ± 6.4% body fat ingested either a placebo (PLA: 1 g·day-1 corn oil, n = 16 or AA (AA: 1 g·day-1 AA, n = 15 while participating in a standardized 4 day·week-1 resistance training regimen. Fasting blood samples, body composition, bench press one-repetition maximum (1RM, leg press 1RM and Wingate anaerobic capacity sprint tests were completed after 0, 25, and 50 days of supplementation. Percutaneous muscle biopsies were taken from the vastus lateralis on days 0 and 50. Results Wingate relative peak power was significantly greater after 50 days of supplementation while the inflammatory cytokine IL-6 was significantly lower after 25 days of supplementation in the AA group. PGE2 levels tended to be greater in the AA group. However, no statistically significant differences were observed between groups in body composition, strength, anabolic and catabolic hormones, or markers of muscle hypertrophy (i.e. total protein content or MHC type I, IIa, and IIx protein content and other intramuscular markers (i.e. FP and EP3 receptor density or MHC type I, IIa, and IIx mRNA expression. Conclusion AA supplementation during resistance-training may enhance anaerobic capacity and lessen the inflammatory response to training. However, AA supplementation did not promote statistically greater gains in strength, muscle mass, or influence markers of muscle hypertrophy.

  20. China-Auto Parts Dispute-China's First Legal Censure from the WTO

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Guo Liqin

    2008-01-01

    @@ WTO ruies against China in auto parts case On July 18, a panel from the World Trade rganization (WTO) concluded that China violated trade rules with its auto part import tariffs. The ruling marks China's first legal censure from the WTO since joining the global trade body in 2001. In April 2005, China issued rules to levy a 28% tariff on imported auto partsChina considers auto parts as a complete vehicle if they account for 60% or more of the value of a final vehicle, meaning that imports will be charged the same tariff as a complete vehicle, which is double the tariff ceiling for auto parts permitted under China's WTO commitment.

  1. Air cushion furnace technology for heat treatment of high quality aluminum alloy auto body sheet

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Yong; Wang Zhaodong; Ma Mingtu; Wang Guodong; Fu Tianliang; Li Jiadong; Liang Xiong

    2014-01-01

    The process characteristics of heat treatment of aluminum alloy auto body sheet and the working prin-ciple of air cushion furnace were introduced. The process position and irreplaceable role of air cushion furnace in the aluminum alloy auto body sheet production was pointed out after the difficulty and key points in the whole production process of auto body sheet were studied. Then the development process of air cushion furnace line of aluminum alloy sheet was reviewed,summarized and divided to two stages. Based on the research of air cushion furnace,the key technology of it was analyzed,then the key points on process,equipment and control models of air cushion furnace for aluminum alloy auto body sheet in future were put forward. With the rapid de-velopment of automotive industry,there will be certainly a new upsurge of research and application of air cush-ion furnace for heat treatment of aluminum alloy auto body sheet.

  2. Reflections on Doing Research Grounded in My Experience of Perinatal Loss: From Auto/biography to Autoethnography

    OpenAIRE

    Deborah Davidson

    2011-01-01

    This article, derived from my doctoral dissertation (Davidson 2007) examining the emergence of hospital protocols for perinatal bereavement during the last half of the twentieth century in Canada, focuses on the methodological complexities – the draw, the drain, and the delight of doing qualitative research grounded in my own experience of perinatal loss. With my dissertation now a fait a complete, reflecting back on my research, my use of autoethnography at this point allows a return to a ...

  3. Digital control systems training on a distance learning platform

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jan PIECHA

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals with new training technologies development based on approach to distance learning website, implemented in the laboratory of a Traffic Engineering study branch at Faculty of Transport. The discussed computing interface allows students complete knowledge of traffic controllers’ architecture and machine language programming fundamentals. These training facilities are available at home; at their remote terminal. The training resources consist of electronic / computer based training; guidebooks and software units. The laboratory provides the students with an interface entering into simulation packages and programming interfaces, supporting the web training facilities. The courseware complexity selection is one of the most difficult factors in intelligent training unit’s development. The dynamically configured application provides the user with his individually set structure of the training resources. The trainee controls the application structure and complexity, from the time he started. For simplifying the training process and studying activities, several unifications were provided. The introduced ideas need various standardisations, simplifying the e-learning units’ development and application control processes [8], [9]. Further training facilities development concerns virtual laboratory environment organisation in laboratories of Transport Faculty.

  4. Protein intake during training sessions has no effect on performance and recovery during a strenuous training camp for elite cyclists

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Mette; Bangsbo, Jens; Jensen, Jørgen;

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Training camps for top-class endurance athletes place high physiological demands on the body. Focus on optimizing recovery between training sessions is necessary to minimize the risk of injuries and improve adaptations to the training stimuli. Carbohydrate supplementation during...

  5. Effectiveness of accommodation and constant resistance training on maximal strength and power in trained athletes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jalil Ataee

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Accommodation resistance is a training technique that may improve strength and power gains beyond those achieved by traditional free weights. In this method, chains are either added on a free-weight bar and combined with traditional plates or added to the bar as the entire load. Purpose. The aim of the current study was to compare the effectiveness of accommodation and constant resistance training methods during a four-week period on maximal strength and power in trained athletes. Methods. This study was comprised of 24 trained athletes, including 16 trained males [8 Wushu athletes (Kung-Fu and 8 wrestlers, age: 20.5 ± 2.00 yrs. old]. Participants were initially tested on weight, body circumference, fat percent, upper and lower body maximal strength, determined by the 1-repetition maximum (1RM test, which determines the greatest amount of weight a person can successfully lift, and upper and lower body power. Participants were equally randomized to either accommodation or constant resistance training groups. Both groups underwent resistance training for a four-week period that consisted of three sessions per week. Multivariate repeated-measures analyses of variance of the data were used to verify significant differences in strength and power between groups. The modified Bonferroni post hoc test was used to compare the obtained results in pre-, mid-, and post test. Results. In the accommodation resistance group, there was a significant difference in lower body maximal strength compared to the constant group (163.12 ± 18.82 kg in the accommodation group vs. 142.25 ± 20.04 kg in the constant group, P = 0.04. No significant differences were found in upper body power, lower body power, and upper body maximal strength between the two groups (P > 0.05. Conclusion. Although there was only a significant difference in lower body maximal strength between groups, accommodation resistance training may induce a physiological training response by improving

  6. Retrospect of China International Auto Exhibition Tours

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ "Fengfan Cup" the Frist China International Auto Exhibition Tour In 1995, the first session gathered 28 national motorcycles and autos from four big groups---China North Industries Group Corporation, China Aviation Industry Corporation, China Aerospace Science and Industry Cooperation and PLA General Logistics Department.

  7. Effect of hydroxyapatite, octacalcium phosphate and calcium phosphate on the auto-flocculation of the microalgae in a high-rate algal pond.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baya, D T; Effebi, K R; Tangou, T T; Keffala, C; Vasel, J L

    2013-01-01

    Recovering microalgae is one of the main technological and economic concerns in a high-rate algal pond (HRAP) because of their small size and their low density. This paper emphasizes the characterization (identification and assessment of potential flocculation) of chemical compounds involved in microalgae auto-flocculation in a HRAP. First, thermodynamic simulations were performed, using two models (i.e. Visual Minteq and a simplified thermodynamic model) in order to determine the chemical compounds of interest. Experimental tests were then carried out with these compounds for assessing their flocculation ability. Both models revealed that precipitates of calcium phosphates and their substituted forms were the compounds involved in the auto-flocculation. Moreover, experimental tests showed that the stoichiometric neutralization of algal charges by calcium phosphates (i.e. hydroxyapatite (Ca5(PO4)3OH), octacalcium phosphate (Ca4H(PO4)3) and amorphous calcium phosphate (Ca3(PO4)2)), at a pH within the range 7-10 yields 70-82% recovered algal biomass. The optimum ratio required for algae auto-flocculation was 0.33 Ca5(PO4)3OH/g DM(algae) at pH 10, 0.11 Ca4H(PO4)3/g DM(algae) at pH 7 and 0.23 g Ca3(PO4)2/g DM(algae) at pH 9. Auto-flocculation appears as a simple, sustainable and promising method for efficient harvesting of microalgae in a HRAP. PMID:24350497

  8. Business Education and Training Partnership Report on the Second Forum

    OpenAIRE

    1999-01-01

    The Business Education and Training Partnership was established by the Government in November 1997 to develop national strategies to tackle the issues of skill needs, manpower forecasting and education and training. This report describes how the recommendations, arising from the First Report by the Expert Group on Future Skills Needs, have been implemented in the IT sector

  9. Training Insight Problem Solving through Focus on Barriers and Assumptions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walinga, Jennifer; Cunningham, J. Barton; MacGregor, James N.

    2011-01-01

    Recent research has reported successful training interventions that improve insight problem solving. In some ways this is surprising, because the processes involved in insight solutions are often assumed to be unconscious, whereas the training interventions focus on conscious cognitive strategies. We propose one mechanism that may help to explain…

  10. School Board Training: Its Effect on Southern California Governance Teams

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turley, Kristina

    2013-01-01

    This study examines the impact the California School Boards Association's (CSBA) Masters in Governance (MIG) training program has on effective school board governance practice. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a relationship exists between effective school boards and a commitment to seek and attend school board training.…

  11. Impact of Teacher Use of Time Training on Student Achievement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thieme-Busch, Carolyn A.; Prom, Sukai E.

    A study evaluated an adaption of the Stallings Process of Teaching Reading in Secondary Schools in a large urban public school system. This inservice training program is designed to increase teachers' effective use of time. The program is composed of pre-training observations and resulting feedback on needed improvements in classroom behavior,…

  12. Main Idea Comprehension: Training Teachers and Effects on Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carriedo, N.; Alonso-Tapia, J.

    1996-01-01

    Investigates the effectiveness of main idea identification training by teachers who had been successfully trained in such identification. Finds that the experimental group of students (in grades six, seven, and eight) performed better than the control group on main idea identification and knowledge of strategies related to that process. Discusses…

  13. The effects of driver training on simulated driving performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dorn, Lisa; Barker, David

    2005-01-01

    Given that the beneficial effects of driver training on accident risk may not be an appropriate criterion measure, this study investigates whether professionally trained and experienced drivers exhibit safer driving behaviour in a simulated driving task compared with drivers without professional driver training. A sample of 54 police trained drivers and a sample of 56 non-police trained drivers were required to complete two tasks. Firstly to overtake a slow-moving bus on a hazardous stretch of single-lane road with bends and hills and secondly to follow a lead vehicle travelling at 55mph in a built-up section with a speed limit of 30mph. Results showed that in comparison with non-police trained drivers, police drivers were significantly less likely to cross the central division of the road at unsafe locations during the overtaking task and reduced their speed on approach to pedestrians at the roadside in the following task to a greater extent. Police drivers also adopted a more central lane position compared with non-police trained drivers on urban roads and at traffic lights during the following task. Driver group differences in simulated driving performance are discussed with reference to the implications for driver training assessment and skill development. PMID:15607276

  14. Effectiveness of Mobile Learning on Athletic Training Psychomotor Skill Acquisition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davie, Emily; Martin, Malissa; Cuppett, Micki; Lebsack, Denise

    2015-01-01

    Context: Instruction of psychomotor skills is an important component of athletic training education. Accommodating the varied learning abilities and preferences of athletic training students can be challenging for an instructor initiating skill acquisition in a traditional face-to-face (F2F) environment. Video instruction available on mobile…

  15. On-Line Training in Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rossouw, S. F.

    The background of online information retrieval at the Institute for Medical Literature (IML), South Africa's center for providing such services to the country's biomedical community, is briefly sketched as an introduction to this description of IML's program to train medical librarians in online searching techniques. Materials used in the training…

  16. Follicular Viability and Histological Alterations after nAuto-transplantation of Dog Ovaries by Experimentally Inducing Blood Sinus on Stomach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hazhir Khoram

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Background:Currently, chemotherapy and radiotherapy are considered most effective methods forcancer treatment, however these strategies often result in fertility problems. A favorable alternativeto prevent fertility loss in cancer patients is the cryopreservation and transplantation of sexualtissues (ovaries and/or testes. There is a low rate of fertilization following cryopreservation ofovaries prior to implantation. Therefore, in our opinion, this low rate is caused by instable bloodflow during organ transplantation. Thus, this study researches a canine ovarian model that focuses ondirect exposure of ovaries with blood in an experimentally induced sinus-like cavity. We implantedthis tissue on the muscular layer of the stomach, which is its most vascularized region.Materials and Methods: Ovarian transplantation was conducted on T1 animals (n=5, bilateralovariectomy was performed on T2 animals (n=5, unilateral ovariectomy was conducted on T3 casesand animals in the control-sham group (n=5 did not undergo ovariectomy or transplantation.Results: All isotransplanted ovaries survived. Ovaries resumed follicular growth andrevascularization. Transplanted ovaries contained 75%-76% of survived small follicles (pre antralafter 60 days. The ovarian granulosa cells showed considerable resistance against ischemia. Afterday 30 no statistically significant differences in the level of estradiol and progesterone were observedbetween T1 animals and the T3 group. T1 animals showed considerably high levels of progesteroneand estradiol in comparison to T2 cases.Conclusion: This study showed that using blood sinus method for ovarian isotransplantation helpsovarian tissue to survive from post implantation ischemia which confirms with normal folliclespresentation and intact endocrine function of the implanted ovaries.

  17. Mask pattern recovery by level set method based inverse inspection technology (IIT) and its application on defect auto disposition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Jin-Hyung; Chung, Paul D. H.; Jeon, Chan-Uk; Cho, Han Ku; Pang, Linyong; Peng, Danping; Tolani, Vikram; Cecil, Tom; Kim, David; Baik, KiHo

    2009-10-01

    At the most advanced technology nodes, such as 32nm and 22nm, aggressive OPC and Sub-Resolution Assist Features (SRAFs) are required. However, their use results in significantly increased mask complexity, making mask defect disposition more challenging than ever. This paper describes how mask patterns can first be recovered from the inspection images by applying patented algorithms using Level Set Methods. The mask pattern recovery step is then followed by aerial/wafer image simulation, the results of which can be plugged into an automated mask defect disposition system based on aerial/wafer image. The disposition criteria are primarily based on wafer-plane CD variance. The system also connects to a post-OPC lithography verification tool that can provide gauges and CD specs, thereby enabling them to be used in mask defect disposition as well. Results on both programmed defects and production defects collected at Samsung mask shop are presented to show the accuracy and consistency of using the Level Set Methods and aerial/wafer image based automated mask disposition.

  18. Effects of aerobic training on heart rate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos B. Almeida

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available Regular physical exercise is an important factor to reduce the indexes of cardiovascular and all causes morbimortality. However, there is, apparently, additional and independent benefits of the regular practice of physical exercise and the improvement of the level of aerobic condition. Heart rate (HR is mediated primarily by the direct activity of the autonomic nervous system (ANS, specifically through the sympathetic and parasympathetic branches activities over the sinus node autorhythmicity, with predominance of the vagal activity (parasympathetic at rest, that is progressively inhibited since the onset of the exercise. The HR behavior has been widely studied during different conditions and protocols associated to the exercise. A reduction of the cardiac vagal tone (parasympathetic function and consequently a diminished HR variability in rest, independently of the protocol of measurement used, is related to an autonomic dysfunction, chronic-degenerative diseases and increased mortality risk. Individuals with high levels of aerobic condition have a lower resting HR, along with a larger parasympathetic activity or smaller sympathetic activity, but it is not necessarily a direct consequence of the exercise training, as long as other inherent adaptations to the aerobic conditioning can influence the resting HR. The HR response in the onset of the exercise represents the integrity of the vagus nerve, and the HR recovery on the post-exercise transient also denotes important prognostic information; by the way, individuals that have a slow HR recovery in the first minute post-exercise have increased mortality risk. In conclusion, the physiological mechanisms modulating HR during or after an exercise program are not totally clear, and further studies are needed.

  19. Proceedings of the seventh symposium on training of nuclear facility personnel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Separate abstracts were prepared for 45 papers in this conference proceedings. Topics covered include influences on nuclear training, the relationship between human factors and training, factors affecting job performance, current training methods, the relationship between training and education, emerging training techniques, evaluation to improve performance, and measurement of the impact of training

  20. The role of brand image congruity in Iranian consumers’ demand for auto parts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naser Azad

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available One of the primary issues in handling demands for auto parts in the world is to build a mutual trust between consumers and vendors. When people trust a brand, they purchase more easily and it is possible to develop market. In Iran, there is a growing interest in demand for auto parts and each year, tens of millions of auto parts are getting sold. This paper presents an empirical investigation to detect the effects of brand image on demand for auto parts. Using a sample of 202 randomly selected people who buy/sell auto parts in city of Tehran, Iran, the study determines three variables including brand strength, brand attributes and consumer trust through the implementation of structural equation modeling.

  1. Effect of particle size on the experimental dissolution and auto-aluminization processes of K-vermiculite

    Science.gov (United States)

    Viennet, Jean-Christophe; Hubert, Fabien; Tertre, Emmanuel; Ferrage, Eric; Robin, Valentin; Dzene, Liva; Cochet, Carine; Turpault, Marie-Pierre

    2016-05-01

    In acidic soils, the fixation of Al in the interlayer spaces of 2:1 clay minerals and the subsequent formation of hydroxyl interlayer minerals (HIMs) are known to reduce soil fertility. The resulting crystal structure of HIMs consist of complex mixed-layer minerals (MLMs) with contrasting relative proportions of expandable, hydroxy-interlayers (HI) and illite layers. The present study aims to experimentally assess the influence of particle size on the formation of such complex HIMs for vermiculite saturated with potassium (K). Based on chemical and structural data, this study reports the dissolution and Al-interlayer occupancy of three size fractions (0.1-0.2, 1-2 and 10-20 μm) of K-vermiculite, which were obtained at pH = 3 by using stirred flow-through reactors. The Al-interlayer occupancies were ordered 0.1-0.2 μm kinetics of ion-exchange reactions and that of mineral dissolution is responsible for the above Al-interlayer occupancy order among the particle sizes (i.e., 0.1-0.2 μm < 10-20 μm < 1-2 μm). Moreover, this mechanism may be the cause of complex mineralogical structures such as mixed-layer minerals, which are commonly found in the clay-size fraction of acidic soils.

  2. On your time: online training for the public health workforce.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kenefick, Hope Worden; Ravid, Sharon; MacVarish, Kathleen; Tsoi, Jennifer; Weill, Kenny; Faye, Elizabeth; Fidler, Anne

    2014-03-01

    The need for competency-based training for the public health workforce is well documented. However, human and financial resource limitations within public health agencies often make it difficult for public health practitioners to attend classroom-based training programs. The Internet is an increasingly popular way of extending training beyond the workforce. Although research describes attributes of effective online learning modules, much of the available training delivered via the Internet does not incorporate such attributes. The authors describe the On Your Time training series, an effective distance education program and training model for public health practitioners, which includes a standardized process for development, review, evaluation, and continuous quality improvement. On Your Time is a series of awareness-level (i.e., addressing what practitioners should know), competency-based training modules that address topics related to regulatory responsibilities of public health practitioners (e.g., assuring compliance with codes and regulations governing housing, retail food safety, private water supplies, hazardous and solid waste, on-site wastewater systems, etc.), public health surveillance, case investigation, disease prevention, health promotion, and emergency preparedness. The replicable model incorporates what is known about best practices for online training and maximizes available resources in the interests of sustainability.

  3. 76 FR 35474 - UAW-Chrysler Technical Training Center, Technology Training Joint Programs Staff, Including On...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-17

    ... (TA-W-71,047A). The workers supply technical training services such as applied industrial technology, industrial automation, industrial maintenance and welding. The Department's Notice was published in the Federal Register on January 12, 2011 (76 FR 2147-2148). The certification was amended on May 18,...

  4. Effect of thyroid auto-antibodies on hypothyroidism of adolescents with graves disease after 131I treatment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To investigate the effect of TSH receptor antibody (TRAb) and thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPOAb) levels in adolescents with Graves disease (GD) before 131I treatment on the incidence of hypothyroidism after 131I therapy. The total 264 adolescent with GD were treated with 131I. All patients before the treatment were divided into A, B, C, D, E and F groups in accordance with the levels of TRAb and TPOAb in various combinations. The serum TSH, FT3, FT4, TRAb and TPOAb levels in all patients were measured after 131I treatment. The incidence of hypothyroidism within three years were observed in each group. The results showed that the incidence of hypothyroidism in TRAb negative group was higher than that of positive group (χ2=4.67, P2=4.10, 4.34, 5.66, P131I therapy. It could be cautious in treatment of GD adolescents of TRAb negative and TPOAb positive with 131I. (authors)

  5. The effect of biofeedback training on patients with functional constipation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ding, Meihong; Lin, Zheng; Lin, Lin; Zhang, Hongjie; Wang, Meihfeng

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this prospective quasi-experimental study was to explore the influence of biofeedback training on patients with functional constipation (FC). Changes in clinical symptoms, psychological status, quality of life, and autonomic nervous function in 21 FC patients before and after biofeedback training were investigated. The psychological status and quality of life were evaluated with the Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS), Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS), and a Chinese version of the MOS 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey. Autonomic nervous function was assessed on the basis of heart rate variability recorded with a HANS-1000 autonomic nervous biofeedback apparatus. After a complete course of training (10 sessions), clinical symptoms were greatly improved (p biofeedback (p .05). We conclude that biofeedback training can improve clinical symptoms, psychological status, and quality of life in FC patients, but further research is needed to determine whether biofeedback training can improve the autonomic nervous function in FC patients. PMID:22472667

  6. A statistical analysis of the auto thermal fast pyrolysis of elephant grass in fluidized bed reactor based on produced charcoal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This research presents and discusses the results of product yields, higher heating value, proximate and ultimate analyses of the charcoal obtained in the Fast Pyrolysis Plant – PPR-200. It is a fast pyrolysis plant with a biomass feed capacity of 200 kg per hour, owned by Unicamp. Elephant grass with an average particle diameter of 2 mm and 12% of moisture was used as raw material. The PPR-200 facility operated under different conditions. Air was used as fluidization agent. This study tries to increase the knowledge of the PPR-200 plant operation in fast pyrolysis regimen. Experimental tests were carried out considering two independent factors: fluidization air and stoichiometric air ratio and the height of the fixed bed. In the pyrolysis process, a charcoal with a high carbon content is obtained as well as the release of oxygen from the biomass. Experimental results showed that the favorable operating conditions for oxygen release from elephant grass and carbon concentration in the charcoal are a fixed fluidized bed of 207 mm height and 8% of supplied air to the stoichiometric air ratio. Under these optimized conditions, the fluidized bed temperature resulted to be 650 °C on average and the yield production of charcoal in relation to the biomass fed (dry and ash free, d.a.f.) was of 14 wt.%. The charcoal produced under such conditions presented 92.4% of elemental carbon, and 2.85% of elemental oxygen. - Highlights: •Pyrolysis of elephant grass was studied in a fluidized bed reactor. •The product yields were evaluated. •The composition of the solid products obtained was analyzed. •The influence of three variables was studied statistically

  7. The 4th China International (Syria) Auto Exhibiton Tour

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Jinliang; Bai Yifeng

    2006-01-01

    @@ On April 23, 2006,the Opening Cer emony of "Foton Cup" the Fourth China International (Syria) Auto Exhibition Tour (CIAET) was held in Damascus. Syrian Minister of Economy and Trade, Director of Syrian Chamber of Commerce, Iraqi Ambassador to Syria, Chinese Ambassador to Syria, Counsellor of the Economic and Commercial Counsellor's Office of the Embassy of P. R. China in Syria attended the ceremony.

  8. A New Technique for CCD Camera Auto-Calibration

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiaodong Zhang; Changku Sun; Zhixiong Wang; Wei Wei

    2003-01-01

    A novel feature-round-based coplanar drone for the CCD camera auto-calibration is designed. Based on the ellipse similarity, an ellipse recognition algorithm is proposed. The experiment indicates the calibration error is less than 0.4 pixel.

  9. Auto-Tutorial Instruction in Entomology: Principles of Entomology (Orders).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minnick, D. R.; Steele, K. L.

    Auto-tutorial instruction was compared to traditional lecture instruction in a university entomology course. In seven consecutive terms, undergraduate students enrolled in an introductory entomology course were divided into two groups: Group I received only lecture instruction on insect orders, while Group II was dismissed for three consecutive…

  10. Auto-calibration of Systematic Odometry Errors in Mobile Robots

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bak, Martin; Larsen, Thomas Dall; Andersen, Nils Axel;

    1999-01-01

    This paper describes the phenomenon of systematic errors in odometry models in mobile robots and looks at various ways of avoiding it by means of auto-calibration. The systematic errors considered are incorrect knowledge of the wheel base and the gains from encoder readings to wheel displacement...... and experiments on a mobile robot....

  11. Efficacy of virtual reality-based balance training versus the Biodex balance system training on the body balance of adults

    OpenAIRE

    Ibrahim, Manal S.; Mattar, Ayman G.; Elhafez, Salam M.

    2016-01-01

    [Purpose] This study investigated efficacy of virtual reality (VR)-based balance training on enhancing balance and postural reactions of adults as a low-cost new modality compared to the established Biodex Balance System (BBS). [Subjects] Thirty normal adults of both genders were divided randomly into two equal-sized experimental groups of 15: BBS balance training and VR balance training. [Methods] The training programmes were conducted in 12 sessions, three 15-min sessions per week. The Nint...

  12. Technical Training: Places available

    CERN Multimedia

    Monique Duval

    2005-01-01

    The number of places available may vary. Please check our Web site to find out the current availability. Places are available on the following courses: LabVIEW Migration 6 to 7: 14.6.2005 (1 day) IT3T/1 - Read your mail and more with Outlook 2003 : 14.6.2005 (IT Technical Training Tutorial, free of charge) IT3T/2 - Creating, managing and using distribution lists with Simba2 : 16.6.2005 (IT Technical Training Tutorial, free of charge) FrontPage 2003 - niveau 2 : 16 & 17.6.2005 (2 jours) size="2">(1journée) Hands-on Introduction to Python Programming: 28 - 30.6.2005 (3 days) Introduction to ANSYS: 21 - 24.6.2005 (4 days) IT3T/3 - Working remotely with Windows XP: 28.6.2005 (IT Technical Training Tutorial, free of charge) IT3T/4 - Editing Websites with Frontpage 2003: 30.6.2005 (IT Technical Training Tutorial, free of charge) LabVIEW base 1 : 4 - 6.7.2005 (3 jours) LabVIEW Basics 2: AutoCorrect, Find/Replace) : 4.7.2005 (afternoon) WORD 2003 (Shor...

  13. Altitude training and its influence on physical endurance in swimmers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strzała, Marek; Ostrowski, Andrzej; Szyguła, Zbigniew

    2011-06-01

    It is possible to plan an altitude training (AT) period in such a way that the enhanced physical endurance obtained as a result of adaptation to hypoxia will appear and can be used to improve performance in competition. Yet finding rationales for usage of AT in highly trained swimmers is problematic. In practice AT, in its various forms, is still controversial, and an objective review of research concentrating on the advantages and disadvantages of AT has been presented in several scientific publications, including in no small part the observations of swimmers. The aim of this article is to review the various methods and present both the advantageous and unfavourable physiological changes that occur in athletes as a result of AT. Moreover, AT results in the sport of swimming have been collected. They include an approach towards primary models of altitude/hypoxic training: live high + train high, live high + train low, live low + train high, as well as subsequent methods: Intermittent Hypoxic Exposure (IHE) and Intermittent Hypoxic Training (IHT). Apnoea training, which is descended from freediving, is also mentioned, and which can be used with, or as a substitute for, the well-known IHE or IHT methods. In conclusion, swimmers who train using hypoxia may be among the best-trained athletes, and that even a slight improvement in physical endurance might result in the shortening of a swimming time in a given competition, and the achievement of a personal best, which is hard to obtain by normal training methods, when the personal results of the swimmer have reached a plateau. PMID:23486564

  14. EFFECT OF TRAINING IN WRESTLING AND SAUNA ON TSH AND FT4 HORMONES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mergül

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to determine the effects of acute sauna and highly intense wrestling exercise on TSH (Thyroid Stimulating Hormone and FT4 (Free Thyroxin hormones. Fourteen healthy voluntary male wrestlers who had no hormonal disorder and were not using any drug participated in this study. Blood measurement was taken three times from wrestlers’ antecubital vein –10 ml at a time- when they rested before exercise, after wrestling exercise and after the sauna program which took place after a two-day rest. Hormone analyses were done via IMMULITE 2000 auto analyzer. For statistical analysis, in comparing groups, Friedman test was conducted while Wilcoxon test was administered in order to determine the differences between the groups. Within the group, significant increase was found in TSH (P=0.003 and FT4 (P=0.016 levels after the acute wrestling exercise. While it was observed that TSH levels have no important differences after sauna practice and FT4 levels have important increase (P=0.03. When TSH values were compared after the wrestling exercise and sauna, it was determined that the values of exercise group were significantly high (P=0.041 but FT4 values did not have a significant difference. Acute wrestling training applied to the wrestlers caused significant increase in TSH and FT4 values, however, sauna application just enhanced FT4 values significantly. Consequently; it can be deduced that in wrestling in which anaerobic energy metabolism is dominant, acute wrestling training is more effective in increasing TSH and FT4 values than sauna application.

  15. Performance Optimization and Auto-Tuning

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Howison, Mark

    2012-10-01

    In the broader computational research community, one subject of recent research is the problem of adapting algorithms to make effective use of multi- and many-core processors. Effective use of these architectures, which have complex memory hierarchies with many layers of cache, typically involves a careful examination of how an algorithm moves data through the memory hierarchy. Unfortunately, there is often a non-obvious relationship between algorithmic parameters like blocking strategies, and their impact on memory utilization, and, in turn, the relationship with runtime performance. Auto-tuning is an empirical method used to discover optimal values for tunable algorithmic parameters under such circumstances. The challenge is compounded by the fact that the settings that produce the best performance for a given problem and a given platform may not be the best for a different problem on the same platform, or the same problem on a different platform. The high performance visualization research community has begun to explore and adapt the principles of auto-tuning for the purpose of optimizing codes on modern multi- and many-core processors. This report focuses on how performance optimization studies reveal a dramatic variation in performance for two fundamental visualization algorithms: one based on a stencil operation having structured, uniform memory access, and the other is ray casting volume rendering, which uses unstructured memory access patterns. The two case studies highlighted in this report show the extra effort required to optimize such codes by adjusting the tunable algorithmic parameters can return substantial gains in performance. Additionally, these case studies also explore the potential impact of and the interaction between algorithmic optimizations and tunable algorithmic parameters, along with the potential performance gains resulting from leveraging architecture-specific features.

  16. IUGS Commission on Geoscience Education, Training and Technology Transfer (COGE)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gary Lewis; Wesley Hill

    2006-01-01

    @@ Background and history on the Commission on Geoscience Education Our history In previous years, IUGS conducted a programme in the area of Geoscience Education and Training. The programme was organised under the status of a Working Group or a Commission.

  17. Effects of Oral Health Training on Dental Plaque Index

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M amiri

    2016-02-01

    3- oral health training (control group . Two weeks and two months after the intervention, plaque index was measured. Positive and negative changes were recorded over time, and then, the study data were analyzed using Chi-square (bonferroni adjustment, McNemar, Kruskal-Wallis  and Paired t-Test. Results: The study results revealed no significant differences between the  halitosis group and the traditional group, though both had a significant difference with the control group. Positive changes in halitosis group especially within girls were held to be more durable compared to the other groups. Conclusion: Oral health training accompanging training of oral malodor, tooth decay and periodontal disease seems to be more effective on health promotion of senior high school students in Yazd. Furthermore, oral malodor training produces more durable effects. As a result, this training style is recommended in regard with eductional programs of schools.

  18. Effects of strength training on mechanomyographic amplitude

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aim of the present study was to determine if the patterns of mechanomyographic (MMG) amplitude across force would change with strength training. Twenty-two healthy men completed an 8-week strength training program. During three separate testing visits (pre-test, week 4, and week 8), the MMG signal was detected from the vastus lateralis as the subjects performed isometric step muscle actions of the leg extensors from 10–100% of maximal voluntary contraction (MVC). During pre-testing, the MMG amplitude increased linearly with force to 66% MVC and then plateaued. Conversely, weeks 4 and 8 demonstrated an increase in MMG amplitude up to ∼85% of the subject's original MVC before plateauing. Furthermore, seven of the ten force levels (30–60% and 80–100%) showed a significant decrease in mean MMG amplitude values after training, which consequently led to a decrease in the slope of the MMG amplitude/force relationship. The decreases in MMG amplitude at lower force levels are indicative of hypertrophy, since fewer motor units would be required to produce the same absolute force if the motor units increased in size. However, despite the clear changes in the mean values, analyses of individual subjects revealed that only 55% of the subjects demonstrated a significant decrease in the slope of the MMG amplitude/force relationship. (paper)

  19. AutoPyFactory and the Cloud

    CERN Document Server

    Caballero, J; The ATLAS collaboration; Love, P

    2013-01-01

    AutoPyFactory (APF) is a next-generation pilot submission framework that has been used as part of the ATLAS workload management system (PANDA) for two years. APF is reliable, scalable, and offers easy and flexible configuration. Using a plugin-based architecture, APF polls for information from configured information and batch systems (including grid sites), decides how many additional pilot jobs are needed, and submits them. With the advent of cloud computing, providing resources goes beyond submitting pilots to grid sites. Now, the resources on which the pilot will run also need to be managed. Handling both pilot submission and controlling the virtual machine life cycle (creation, retirement, and termination) from the same framework allows robust and efficient management of the process. In this paper we describe the design and implementation of these virtual machine management capabilities of APF. Expanding on our plugin-based approach, we allow cascades of virtual resources associated with a job queue. A si...

  20. Signature Region of Interest using Auto cropping

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bassam Al-Mahadeen

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available A new approach for signature region of interest pre-processing was presented. It used new auto cropping preparation on the basis of the image content, where the intensity value of pixel is the source of cropping. This approach provides both the possibility of improving the performance of security systems based on signature images, and also the ability to use only the region of interest of the used image to suit layout design of biometric systems. Underlying the approach is a novel segmentation method which identifies the exact region of foreground of signature for feature extraction usage. Evaluation results of this approach shows encouraging prospects by eliminating the need for false region isolating, reduces the time cost associated with signature false points detection, and addresses enhancement issues. A further contribution of this paper is an automated cropping stage in bio-secure based systems.