WorldWideScience

Sample records for authority decisional memorandum

  1. 77 FR 43127 - Further Amendment to Memorandum Describing Authority and Assigned Responsibilities of the General...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-23

    ... BOARD Further Amendment to Memorandum Describing Authority and Assigned Responsibilities of the General... Relations Board is amending the memorandum describing the authority and assigned responsibilities of the... amendment to Board memorandum describing the authority and assigned responsibilities of the General...

  2. On risk and decisional capacity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Checkland, D

    2001-02-01

    Limits to paternalism are, in the liberal democracies, partially defined by the concepts of decision-making capacity/incapacity (mental competence/incompetence). The paper is a response to Ian Wilks's (1997) recent attempt to defend the idea that the standards for decisional capacity ought to vary with the degree of risk incurred by certain choices. Wilks's defense is based on a direct appeal to the logical features of examples and analogies, thus attempting to by-pass earlier criticisms (e.g., Culver & Gert, 1990) of risk-based standards. Wilks's argument is found wanting on the grounds that he misconstrues the logic of such capacity, especially in accounting for conceptual and pragmatic ties with issues of decisional authority. A diagnosis is offered as to the source of Wilks's error (the assumption that mental competence is a species of wider genus of "competence"), and an alternative way of accounting for risk within the predominant contemporary legal framework is sketched. PMID:11262640

  3. THE DECISIONAL TRANSPARENCY IN PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION

    OpenAIRE

    OCTAVIA MARIA CILIBIU

    2011-01-01

    The principle of decisional transparency is one of the principles of good administration, fundamental principles of public administration and it is enshrined in the law of many European Union member states, including our country. In their work the public authorities must show transparency reflected by the active involvement of citizens in administrative decision as its primary beneficiary. The citizen information, consultation and his stimulation to participate actively in the elaboration of ...

  4. Climatological Services Memorandums

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Climatological Services Memorandums were a series of memoranda issued by the Weather Bureau for the purpose of keeping all stations informed on the status and...

  5. THE DECISIONAL TRANSPARENCY IN PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    OCTAVIA MARIA CILIBIU

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The principle of decisional transparency is one of the principles of good administration, fundamental principles of public administration and it is enshrined in the law of many European Union member states, including our country. In their work the public authorities must show transparency reflected by the active involvement of citizens in administrative decision as its primary beneficiary. The citizen information, consultation and his stimulation to participate actively in the elaboration of draft normative acts for their preparation and before that by bringing them to public knowledge, are tasks of the public authorities which exceed the limit of the obligations imposed by internal rules and are significant efforts to modernize the public administration and rallying to the administrative structures.

  6. The Modeling of the Decisional Process A Case of Study for the Portfolio Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available In the architecture of the management functionality and performance, its decisional component has a privileged position. No other element has a more stressed managerial specificity and a greater impact in all the plans of its activities and results. There are the main reasons which determined the authors to do a detailed analyze of the elements which intervene in decisional process. To have as a result a well founded and opportune decision any decisional model had to acquire, process, interpret a larger volume of information, in a shorter period. These demands have directed the whole structure of this paper.

  7. Impaired decisional impulsivity in pathological videogamers

    OpenAIRE

    Irvine, Michael A.; Worbe, Yulia; Bolton, Sorcha; Harrison, Neil A.; Bullmore, Edward T.; Voon, Valerie

    2013-01-01

    Abstract Background Pathological gaming is an emerging and poorly understood problem. Impulsivity is commonly impaired in disorders of behavioural and substance addiction, hence we sought to systematically investigate the different subtypes of decisional and motor impulsivity in a well-defined pathological gaming cohort. Methods Fifty-two pathological gaming subjects and age-, gender- and IQ-matched healthy volunteers were tested on decisional impulsivity (Information Sampling ...

  8. Differences between Australian and Japanese Students in Decisional Self-Esteem, Decisional Stress, and Coping Styles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Radford, Mark H. B.; And Others

    1993-01-01

    Examines effects of culture on decisional self-esteem, decisional stress, and self-reported decision coping style for 743 Japanese and 309 Australian college students. Findings on coping styles in decision making are related to cross-cultural differences between the individualistic culture of Australia and the collectivistic culture of Japan. (SLD)

  9. Las decisiones de los hogares en Venezuela

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marakah Mancini

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo analiza quién toma las decisiones en los hogares y los factores que afectan la decisión. Esta investigación se condujo en Venezuela, donde se preguntó a las mujeres sobre las decisiones de los hogares en cuatro áreas. Los resultados indican que la mayoría de los hogares toman decisiones conjuntamente. Excluyendo esta categoría, la mayoría de las mujeres toman decisiones concernientes a la compra de bienes y la educación de los hijos, mientras que los hombres dominan las decisiones acerca de las finanzas del hogar y el cambio de residencia. También se encontró que la mayoría de las parejas que trabajan comparten los gastos del hogar. Además, se identifican factores que afectan el poder de decisión de las mujeres como la participación femenina en el mercado laboral y la edad, no obstante, el nivel de educación no afecta su poder decisión.

  10. Impaired decisional impulsivity in pathological videogamers.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael A Irvine

    Full Text Available Pathological gaming is an emerging and poorly understood problem. Impulsivity is commonly impaired in disorders of behavioural and substance addiction, hence we sought to systematically investigate the different subtypes of decisional and motor impulsivity in a well-defined pathological gaming cohort.Fifty-two pathological gaming subjects and age-, gender- and IQ-matched healthy volunteers were tested on decisional impulsivity (Information Sampling Task testing reflection impulsivity and delay discounting questionnaire testing impulsive choice, and motor impulsivity (Stop Signal Task testing motor response inhibition, and the premature responding task. We used stringent diagnostic criteria highlighting functional impairment.In the Information Sampling Task, pathological gaming participants sampled less evidence prior to making a decision and scored fewer points compared with healthy volunteers. Gaming severity was also negatively correlated with evidence gathered and positively correlated with sampling error and points acquired. In the delay discounting task, pathological gamers made more impulsive choices, preferring smaller immediate over larger delayed rewards. Pathological gamers made more premature responses related to comorbid nicotine use. Greater number of hours played also correlated with a Motivational Index. Greater frequency of role playing games was associated with impaired motor response inhibition and strategy games with faster Go reaction time.We show that pathological gaming is associated with impaired decisional impulsivity with negative consequences in task performance. Decisional impulsivity may be a potential target in therapeutic management.

  11. 32 CFR 724.806 - Decisional issues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... the applicant. (1) Partial change. When the decision changes a discharge, but does not provide the... National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY PERSONNEL NAVAL DISCHARGE REVIEW BOARD Procedures of Naval Discharge Review Board § 724.806 Decisional issues. (a) General. Under...

  12. Impaired Decisional Impulsivity in Pathological Videogamers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Irvine, Michael A.; Worbe, Yulia; Bolton, Sorcha; Harrison, Neil A.; Bullmore, Edward T.; Voon, Valerie

    2013-01-01

    Background Pathological gaming is an emerging and poorly understood problem. Impulsivity is commonly impaired in disorders of behavioural and substance addiction, hence we sought to systematically investigate the different subtypes of decisional and motor impulsivity in a well-defined pathological gaming cohort. Methods Fifty-two pathological gaming subjects and age-, gender- and IQ-matched healthy volunteers were tested on decisional impulsivity (Information Sampling Task testing reflection impulsivity and delay discounting questionnaire testing impulsive choice), and motor impulsivity (Stop Signal Task testing motor response inhibition, and the premature responding task). We used stringent diagnostic criteria highlighting functional impairment. Results In the Information Sampling Task, pathological gaming participants sampled less evidence prior to making a decision and scored fewer points compared with healthy volunteers. Gaming severity was also negatively correlated with evidence gathered and positively correlated with sampling error and points acquired. In the delay discounting task, pathological gamers made more impulsive choices, preferring smaller immediate over larger delayed rewards. Pathological gamers made more premature responses related to comorbid nicotine use. Greater number of hours played also correlated with a Motivational Index. Greater frequency of role playing games was associated with impaired motor response inhibition and strategy games with faster Go reaction time. Conclusions We show that pathological gaming is associated with impaired decisional impulsivity with negative consequences in task performance. Decisional impulsivity may be a potential target in therapeutic management. PMID:24146789

  13. Toma de decisiones médicas

    Science.gov (United States)

    El Instituto Nacional del Cáncer (NCI) lleva a cabo y facilita la realización de investigaciones básicas y aplicadas que pueden servir de base para la adopción de prácticas clínicas estándar y la toma de decisiones médicas.

  14. y confianza en las propias decisiones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Carlos Mejía Ceballos

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Con el objetivo de disponer en lengua española de un instrumento para evaluar la preferencia de los sujetos por el uso de diferentes estilos de mensajes en situaciones de conflicto, se tradujo al español el Conflict Management Message Style. Realizada una recogida de datos exploratoria y otra confirmatoria con muestras de jóvenes universitarios de ambos sexos, se encontró mediante análisis factoriales que la traducción reproducía fielmente el instrumento original, por lo que puede ser utilizada para los mismos propósitos. Desde una perspectiva cognitiva que relaciona el afrontamiento de los conflictos con los procesos de toma de decisiones, se evaluó la autoestima de los sujetos como tomadores de decisiones mediante una escala. Se describen las diversas relaciones entre las variables y se realiza una comparación intercultural de este último constructo.

  15. Cognitive performance predicts treatment decisional abilities in mild to moderate dementia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gurrera, R.J.; Moye, J.; Karel, M.J.; Azar, A.R.; Armesto, J.C.

    2016-01-01

    Objective To examine the contribution of neuropsychological test performance to treatment decision-making capacity in community volunteers with mild to moderate dementia. Methods The authors recruited volunteers (44 men, 44 women) with mild to moderate dementia from the community. Subjects completed a battery of 11 neuropsychological tests that assessed auditory and visual attention, logical memory, language, and executive function. To measure decision making capacity, the authors administered the Capacity to Consent to Treatment Interview, the Hopemont Capacity Assessment Interview, and the MacCarthur Competence Assessment Tool—Treatment. Each of these instruments individually scores four decisional abilities serving capacity: understanding, appreciation, reasoning, and expression of choice. The authors used principal components analysis to generate component scores for each ability across instruments, and to extract principal components for neuropsychological performance. Results Multiple linear regression analyses demonstrated that neuropsychological performance significantly predicted all four abilities. Specifically, it predicted 77.8% of the common variance for understanding, 39.4% for reasoning, 24.6% for appreciation, and 10.2% for expression of choice. Except for reasoning and appreciation, neuropsychological predictor (β) profiles were unique for each ability. Conclusions Neuropsychological performance substantially and differentially predicted capacity for treatment decisions in individuals with mild to moderate dementia. Relationships between elemental cognitive function and decisional capacity may differ in individuals whose decisional capacity is impaired by other disorders, such as mental illness. PMID:16682669

  16. Memorandum

    CERN Multimedia

    Mauro Nonis

    2006-01-01

    Over the coming weeks, thorough floor cleaning work will get underway in the buildings on all the CERN sites on Swiss territory. The work will take place on Saturdays, with polishing operations being performed on a monthly basis and waxing operations on an annual basis. Please note the following points: Notices announcing cleaning operations will be placed on the doors of buildings on the Monday preceding the Saturday on which the work is scheduled. Office floors must be cleared as much as possible to allow the work to go ahead. Cluttered offices cannot be cleaned. The cleaning service will be provided with the keys required to open all offices, including those for which only a single key has been provided (sensitive premises and those not included in the standard CERN locking plan). Those responsible for the above-mentioned offices who do not wish keys to be given to the cleaning service are kindly requested to be present on the day on which the work is scheduled to provide access to the premises, or t...

  17. MEMORANDUM

    CERN Multimedia

    Mauro Nonis

    2006-01-01

    Over the coming weeks, thorough floor cleaning work will get underway in the buildings on all the CERN sites on Swiss territory. The work will take place on Saturdays, with polishing operations being performed on a monthly basis and waxing operations on an annual basis.P lease note the following points: Notices announcing cleaning operations will be placed on the doors of buildings on the Monday preceding the Saturday on which the work is scheduled. Office floors must be cleared as much as possible to allow the work to go ahead. Cluttered offices cannot be cleaned. The cleaning service will be provided with the keys required to open all offices, including those for which only a single key has been provided (sensitive premises and those not included in the standard CERN locking plan). Those responsible for the above-mentioned offices who do not wish keys to be given to the cleaning service are kindly requested to be present on the day on which the work is scheduled to provide access to the premises, or t...

  18. Turkey - Country Economic Memorandum : Sustaining High Growth, Selected Issues, Volume 1. Main Report

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2008-01-01

    This Country Economic Memorandum (CEM), prepared in collaboration with the Turkish authorities, summarizes recent accomplishments in achieving high growth and analyzes remaining public policy challenges and options available to the authorities to meet these challenges. The country seeks to double the nominal per capita income of its population by 2013. It wants this rapid growth to be incl...

  19. Turkey - Country Economic Memorandum : Volume 2. Sustaining High Growth, Selected Issues

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2008-01-01

    This Country Economic Memorandum (CEM), prepared in collaboration with the Turkish authorities, summarizes recent accomplishments in achieving high growth and analyzes remaining public policy challenges and options available to the authorities to meet these challenges. The country seeks to double the nominal per capita income of its population by 2013. It wants this rapid growth to be incl...

  20. Emotional vulnerability and coping styles for resolving decisional conflict.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Umeh, Kanayo; Omari-Asor, Lorraine

    2011-01-01

    This investigation supplements the study by D. Bouckenooghe, K. Vanderheyden, S. Mestdagh, and S. van Laethem (2007) on the role of cognitive dispositions in coping patterns for resolving decisional conflict. Literature suggests emotional vulnerabilities may significantly affect decision making. Thus, the present authors assessed the role of trait anxiety and depression in decision coping styles as specified by I. L. Janis and L. Mann's (1977) conflict-theory model. The participants--100 young adults--completed the Taylor Manifest Anxiety Scale (J. A. Taylor, 1953), Beck's Depression Inventory (A. T. Beck, R. A. Steer, & G. M. Garbin, 1988), and the Melbourne Decision-Making Questionnaire (L. Mann et al., 1998), which measures 4 coping strategies: vigilance, buck-passing, procrastination, and hypervigilance. Hierarchical multiple regression analysis, controlling for demographic and lifestyle factors, revealed trait anxiety and depression as significant predictors of procrastination and hypervigilance. Depression failed to predict buck-passing but functioned as an important moderator variable whereby trait anxiety better predicted hypervigilance in nondepressed participants. Consistent with past research, emotional dispositions failed to predict vigilance. Overall, these findings implicate emotional vulnerabilities in the quality of decision making but raise important questions about their unique and conditional effects. PMID:21834323

  1. Toma de decisiones en robótica

    OpenAIRE

    Salichs, Miguel A.; Malfaz, María; Fernández de Gorostiza Luengo, Javier

    2010-01-01

    En este artículo se presenta, en forma de tutorial, una visión de conjunto de la situación actual del problema de la toma de decisiones en robótica. El estudio se plantea de forma amplia e integradora y, por tanto, intentando no entrar en detallar soluciones concretas para problemas también concretos. El artículo está centrado sobre todo en las decisiones de alto nivel que debe tomar un robot, y no en problemas de más bajo nivel, que se solucionan empleando técnicas tradicionales de con...

  2. Toma de decisiones en el programa de bin packing

    OpenAIRE

    Guerendiain Moreno, Juan

    2016-01-01

    La toma de decisiones es una de las grandes problemáticas en el mundo empresarial. La elección en cuestiones como la cantidad a producir, el número de operarios a contratar, la necesidad de operar en otros países, etc. Afectan al beneficio que se obtiene y al futuro de la empresa. El objetivo de este trabajo de investigación, consiste en facilitar la toma de decisiones en el ámbito de la carga del producto para el transporte. Comenzaremos fijando algunos parámetros para li...

  3. Arquitectura distribuida para un sistema soporte de decisiones globales

    OpenAIRE

    Nagel, Juan J.; Rossi, Pablo; Toffolo, Alejandro; Villarreal, Pablo David; Chiotti, Omar Juan Alfredo

    1998-01-01

    En este trabajo presentamos el diseño de una arquitectura distribuida para un Sistema Soporte de Decisiones global prototipo en desarrollo en el GIDSATD (Grupo de Investigación y desarrollo de Sistemas de Ayuda a la Toma de Decisiones). El prototipo del SSD consta de doce módulos diseñados para operar en forma “autónoma”. En este trabajo presentamos la arquitectura distribuida propuesta para el SSD, describiendo la partición del sistema, los requerimientos de cada módulo y un esquema de inter...

  4. [Memorandum - research funding of prevention].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walter, U; Gold, C; Hoffmann, W; Jahn, I; Töppich, J; Wildner, M; Dubben, S; Franze, M; John, J; Kliche, T; Lehmann, H; Naegele, G; Nöcker, G; Plaumann, M; Pott, E; Robra, B-P

    2012-08-01

    The memorandum of the research funding of prevention has been devised within the framework of the Prevention Research Funding Programme of the Federal Ministry of Education and Research. It consists not only of the obtained findings of the research-practice co-operation but also of recommendations for the implementation of prospective, innovational, effective, practice-oriented and sustainable research. The respective knowledge has been acquired from quantitative surveys on the experiences of scientists and practice partners within the prevention research funding project as well as from extensive qualitative methods of structured group evaluation. A participatory co-operation between research and practice based on mutual respect, trust and recognition is seen as mandatory for the further development of both prevention and health promotion research. Research and practice partners are required to engage in an ab initio collaboration starting from the conception phase, whereby it is advisable to encourage and fortify the communication between research, practice and funding partners by systematic surveillance in form of a meta-project. In addition, the inclusion of the target population from the outset and on a collaborative basis is considered as beneficial in order to ensure the practical application of the research findings. Furthermore, innovatory research designs which are able to provide a framework for internal flexibility, continuous re-assessment and adjustment are fundamental for the implementation of practice-oriented research. Moreover, a dynamic co-operation between different groups of interest not only depends on sharing responsibility but also on sufficient funding for both research and practice, which is particularly important for the transfer and communication of the attained findings. With regard to the evaluation of both effectiveness and sustainability of interventions, a research funding project is required which makes long-term results possible

  5. Ethnic Differences in Decisional Balance and Stages of Mammography Adoption

    Science.gov (United States)

    Otero-Sabogal, Regina; Stewart, Susan; Shema, Sarah J.; Pasick, Rena J.

    2007-01-01

    Behavioral theories developed through research with mainstream, English-speaking populations have been applied to ethnically diverse and underserved communities in the effort to eliminate disparities in early breast cancer detection. This study tests the validity of the transtheoretical model (TTM) decisional balance measure and the application of…

  6. TOMA DE DECISIONES BASADAS EN EL ALGORITMO DE DIJKSTRA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Méndez Martínez

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Una de las funciones que realiza un ‘Radio Cognitivo’ es la toma de decisiones sobre el espectro radioeléctrico, esto a partir del análisis que realiza de su entorno. En este trabajo de investigación, se propone un método para la toma de decisiones para la selección de una banda en el espectro radioeléctrico que cumpla con ciertos criterios requeridos para una aplicación. Esta toma de decisiones se basa en un algoritmo de búsqueda del camino más corto similar al Algoritmo de Dijkstra. Para encontrar el camino más corto, el cual representa a la banda de frecuencia requerida, se especifican los atributos o parámetros a considerar para cada una de las bandas de acuerdo a una aplicación en particular o servicio requerido. A estos atributos o parámetros se les asignan valores es decir, pesos que determinan la prioridad e importancia para cada servicio. El algoritmo propuesto basado en Dijkstra, evalúa los parámetros del conjunto de bandas disponibles considerando el peso asignado, e indica la banda a seleccionar y que cubre con los criterios de la toma de decisiones. Se realizaron simulaciones por computadora para caracterizar los servicios identificados como mejor esfuerzo ‘Best Effort’ y tiempo real ‘Real Time’, obteniendo como resultado una latencia reducida que representa un tiempo práctico para ser implementado en un Radio Cognitivo en su toma de decisiones. Se observó también que los tiempos mostraron una mejora al ser comparados con los resultados obtenidos al implementar el Algoritmo de AHP.

  7. Improving The Decisional Process By Using UML Diagrams

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Udrica Mioara

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available In the last years, the world has moved from predominantly industrial society to information society, governed by a new set of rules, which allows access to digital technologies, processing, storage and transmission of information. Organizations include in their decisional process Business Intelligence components, which help the decision-makers to establish the conditions of financial equilibrium, to highlight weaknesses and strengths, to make predictions.Particularly, Unified Modelling Language (UML, as a formal and standardized language, allows the control of the system’s complexity, shows different but complementary views of the organization and ensures independence towards the implementation language and the domain of application. This article aims to show the way UML diagrams are used as support in a decisional process for a hotel company. UML diagrams designed help decisionmakers to analysis and discover the causes, to design and simulation of possible scenarios, to implement and measuring the results.

  8. IAEA, Fukushima Prefecture Sign Cooperation Memorandum

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: IAEA Director General Yukiya Amano and the Governor of Fukushima Prefecture, Yuhei Sato, today signed a Memorandum of Cooperation confirming their willingness to implement concrete projects to help alleviate the consequences of the accident at TEPCO's Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station. The Memorandum, signed on the sidelines of the three-day Fukushima Ministerial Conference on Nuclear Safety, includes arrangements to promote cooperation in two key areas: one on radiation monitoring and remediation between the IAEA and Fukushima Prefecture, and the other on human health between the IAEA and Fukushima Medical University. The Memorandum also highlights plans for a training centre in Fukushima Prefecture to help reinforce emergency preparedness and response activities, supported by the Government of Japan and Fukushima Prefecture. An IAEA Response and Assistance Network (RANET) Capacity Building Centre will be designated, with IAEA radiation monitoring equipment to be deployed in case of need, and to provide training in emergency preparedness and response in Japan and the Asia Pacific region. 'With this framework, the wisdom of the international community as well as the IAEA will be utilised in the process of reconstruction in Fukushima', said Japan's Minister of Foreign Affairs, Koichiro Gemba, who attended the signing ceremony. 'I'm very much encouraged by the conclusion of this Memorandum and I believe this will serve to promote reconstruction in Fukushima', said Governor Sato. 'We will also be able to disseminate to the rest of the world the knowledge and experience to be gained from the activities that we are conducting, and we hope this will be a symbol of Fukushima'. 'The IAEA has expertise in the areas of remediation and decontamination, as well as environmental monitoring and human health'. said Director General Amano. 'It is our hope that we will support Fukushima and at the same time serve as a bridge connecting the Prefecture and the world

  9. Bosnia and Herzegovina : Country Economic Memorandum

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2005-01-01

    This Country Economic Memorandum (CEM) takes stock of economic developments in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BH) since the end of the 1995 war, and, discusses potential sources of high, sustained growth that BH could exploit, as European Union integration advances. The report formulates policy recommendations that would help maximize the potential of the country's economy to achieve higher real GDP growth, and increased job generation. In doing so, the CEM focuses on four priority policy areas: mac...

  10. Fishery Publication Index, 1980-85 and Technical Memorandum Index, 1972-85

    OpenAIRE

    Martin, Cynthia S.; Arenas, Shelley E.; Guffey, Jacki A.; Packard, Joni M.

    1987-01-01

    The following series of fishery publications produced in calendar years 1980-85 by the Scientific Publications OffIce of the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), are listed numerically and indexed by author and subject: Circular, Fishery BuUetin, Marine Fisheries Review, Special Scientific Report-Fisheries, and Technical Report NMFS. Also included is an alphanumeric listing of the NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS series published i...

  11. Decisional Processes with Boolean Neural Network: The Emergence of Mental Schemes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Human decisional processes result from the employment of selected quantities of relevant information, generally synthesized from environmental incoming data and stored memories. Their main goal is the production of an appropriate and adaptive response to a cognitive or behavioral task. Different strategies of response production can be adopted, among which haphazard trials, formation of mental schemes and heuristics. In this paper, we propose a model of Boolean neural network that incorporates these strategies by recurring to global optimization strategies during the learning session. The model characterizes as well the passage from an unstructured/chaotic attractor neural network typical of data-driven processes to a faster one, forward-only and representative of schema-driven processes. Moreover, a simplified version of the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) is introduced in order to test the model. Our results match with experimental data and point out some relevant knowledge coming from psychological domain. (authors)

  12. 77 FR 11369 - Delegation of Certain Function Under Section 308(a) of the Intelligence Authorization Act for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-24

    ....) THE WHITE HOUSE, Washington, January 27, 2012 [FR Doc. 2012-4598 Filed 2-23-12; 11:15 am] Billing code... Section 308(a) of the Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 Memorandum of January 30, 2012... Function Under Section 308(a) of the Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 Memorandum for...

  13. LA TOMA DE DECISIONES EN EL FINANCIAMIENTO Y LA HME

    OpenAIRE

    Roberto León Drimer

    2012-01-01

    En las decisiones de financiamiento, el modelo generalmente aceptado en ámbitos académicos es el de las Proposiciones de Modigliani-Miller, que se basa en la Hipótesis del Mercado Eficiente (HME). Se señala que ciertas inferencias se ven refutadas empíricamente y que esas anomalías no pueden salvarse mediante una hipótesis ad hoc, sino que proviene de las limitaciones de la HME, sugiriendo la conveniencia de otros esquemas teóricos. Después de reseñar ciertas características, se sugiere aband...

  14. Empresarios exitosos: cómo toman decisiones

    OpenAIRE

    María Elizabeth Castillo de Matheus

    2010-01-01

    En el ámbito empresarial se destacan empresarios que han garantizado un crecimiento sostenido en cuanto a oferta de productos, incremento en el número de clientes, ampliación de las zonas geográficas y en general, crecimiento empresarial. El objetivo clave de la investigación, busca interpretar hasta comprender, la estructura que subyace en el proceso de toma de decisiones de empresarios exitosos sin estudios universitarios, y de manera particular el objetivo de este artículo, es determinar l...

  15. La inteligencia emocional en la toma de decisiones

    OpenAIRE

    Uribe Chinkovsky, Sebastián; Henao Cadavid, Natalia

    2015-01-01

    El objetivo del presente artículo es revisar en un principio el concepto de toma de decisiones a partir de los estudios realizados por Antonio Damasio (1994/2010), los cuales nos permiten comprender que este es un proceso que está altamente influenciado por las emociones y los sentimientos -- Más adelante, y siguiendo esta línea de argumentación, se realiza una revisión del concepto de inteligencia emocional a partir de Daniel Goleman (1996) -- La inteligencia emocional nos permite comprender...

  16. MODELO DE TOMA DE DECISIONES BASADO EN MICROSOFT SOLVER

    OpenAIRE

    Felipe García López; Antonio Trejo Romo

    2008-01-01

    En esta investigación se presenta un Modelo de toma de decisiones basado en Microsoft© Excel Solver©. En las ciencias administrativas se busca siempre llegar a la eficiencia, pero sólo la investigación de operaciones enseña cómo obtener el número de unidades que han de producirse y venderse para que los ingresos sean los máximos que una empresa puede alcanzar, con esto habrá mayor reinversión, empleos, impuestos y bienestar. Se propone a Microsoft© Excel Solver© como un programa adecuado y al...

  17. Sistemas de soporte a las decisiones clínicas

    OpenAIRE

    Silva Layes, María Elisabeth; Falappa, Marcelo Alejandro; Simari, Guillermo Ricardo

    2011-01-01

    Un CDSS es un sistema informático diseñado para servir de apoyo en la toma de decisiones médicas, colaborando con los profesionales médicos en el proceso diagnóstico, así como también en las diferentes instancias asociadas al cuidado del paciente, como por ejemplo, la definición de planes terapéuticos, suministro de medicamentos, procedimientos, alertas, etc. El uso de estas herramientas informáticas tiene el objetivo principal de prevenir errores médicos en las instancias dónde se necesitan ...

  18. Decisional equipoise is not decisional conflict: avoiding the false clarity bias in the evaluation of decision aids and Shared Decision Making processes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kaltoft, Mette Kjer; Salkeld, Glenn; Cunich, Michelle;

    Purposes: To question the use of criteria related to decisional ‘sureness’ in evaluating decision aids and Shared Decision Making processes,- as occurs in the Decisional Conflict Scale (items 10-12) and its reduced form SURE (item 1) - on the ground that decisional equipoise is a legitimate outcome...... not include such ‘sureness’ criteria. Methods: In the fixed criteria arm of an Australian trial of decision aids relating to PSA testing for prostate cancer 727 respondents supplied their importance weights for 5 criteria (loss of lifetime, needless biopsy, and bowel, urinary and sexual problems). Combining...... not reward unwarranted ‘sureness’ or ‘decisional conflict reduction’, which potentially lead to a ‘false clarity’ bias....

  19. A Proxy Signature Scheme as Secure as Decisional Diffie- Hellman Problem

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LU Rong-xing; CAO Zhen-fu

    2005-01-01

    Based on decisional Diffie-Hellman problem, we propose a simple proxy-protected signature scheme. In the random oracle model, we also carry out the strict security proof for the proposed scheme. The security of the proposed scheme is not loosely related to the discrete logarithm assumption but tightly related to the decisional Diffie-Hellman assumption in the random oracle model.

  20. [Memorandum prevention research - research areas and methods].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walter, U; Nöcker, G; Plaumann, M; Linden, S; Pott, E; Koch, U; Pawils, S; Altgeld, T; Dierks, M L; Frahsa, A; Jahn, I; Krauth, C; Pomp, M; Rehaag, R; Robra, B P; Süß, W; Töppich, J; Trojan, A; von Unger, H; Wildner, M; Wright, M

    2012-10-01

    From 2004 to 2012, the German Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) established its first funding programme for the promotion of prevention research. 60 projects on primary prevention and health promotion and the meta-project entitled "Cooperation for Sustainable Prevention Research" (KNP) received BMBF grants under this programme during this period. The experience and knowledge gained and recommendations arising from the research funded under this programme are compiled in memorandum format. The "Memorandum on Prevention Research - Research Areas and Methods" highlights 5 research areas that are considered to be especially relevant from the perspective of the involved scientists and practice partners.The promotion of structural development and sustainability enhancement in disease prevention and health promotion are central areas that should branch out from existing nuclei of crystallization. Improving the health competence of the population and of specific subpopulations is another major area. Research in these areas should contribute to the development of theoretical concepts and to the empirical testing of these concepts. The transfer of knowledge for effective use of developed disease prevention and health promotion programmes and measures is still a scarcely researched area. Among other things, studies of the transfer of programmes from one context to another, analyses of the coop-eration between politics and science, and the continued theoretical and conceptual development of transfer research are needed. Long-term data on the effects of intervention studies are also needed for proper evaluation of sustainability. The latter dem-onstrates the importance of method development in disease prevention and health promotion research as an area that should receive separate funding and support. This research should include, in particular, studies of the efficacy of complex interventions, health economic analyses, and participative health research. PMID:23165608

  1. Sport Fishing Plan : Meredosia National Wildlife Refuge : Environmental Action Memorandum

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This Environmental Action Memorandum states that the Meredosia NWR Sport Fishing Plan is found not to have significant environmental effects.

  2. Desarrollo de Sistemas de Apoyo para la toma de decisiones en Procesos Productivos

    OpenAIRE

    Enrique E. Tarifa; Martínez, Sergio; Chalabe, Susana

    2013-01-01

    La complejidad creciente de los escenarios planteados por la globalización, la competencia, los avances tecnológicos, los problemas ambientales y sociales, entre otros, requieren de herramientas especializadas que ayuden a tomar decisiones. Los procesos tecnológicos y productivos requieren tomar decisiones inmediatas y efectivas. Independientemente del área particular de aplicación, las decisiones se toman ejecutando las siguientes etapas: 1) Identificación y análisis del problema; 2) Iden...

  3. 78 FR 76100 - Newspapers Used for Publication of Legal Notices for Pre-Decisional Administrative Review...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-16

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Forest Service Newspapers Used for Publication of Legal Notices for Pre- Decisional Administrative Review Processes and Decisions Subject to Notice, Comment and Appeal Procedures AGENCY: Forest Service,...

  4. Intelligent Decisional Assistant that Facilitate the Choice of a Proper Computer System Applied in Busines

    OpenAIRE

    Nicolae MARGINEAN

    2009-01-01

    The choice of a proper computer system is not an easy task for a decider. One reason could be the present market development of computer systems applied in business. The big number of the Romanian market players determines a big number of computerized products, with a multitude of various properties. Our proposal tries to optimize and facilitate this decisional process within an e-shop where are sold IT packets applied in business, building an online decisional assistant, a special component ...

  5. Contribuciones al análisis de problemas supercomplejos de toma de decisiones

    OpenAIRE

    Bielza Lozoya, Maria Concepcion

    1996-01-01

    Los fundamentos de la Teoría de la Decisión Bayesiana proporcionan un marco coherente en el que se pueden resolver los problemas de toma de decisiones. La creciente disponibilidad de ordenadores potentes está llevando a tratar problemas cada vez más complejos con numerosas fuentes de incertidumbre multidimensionales; varios objetivos conflictivos; preferencias, metas y creencias cambiantes en el tiempo y distintos grupos afectados por las decisiones. Estos factores, a su ...

  6. Fall prevention modulates decisional saccadic behaviour in aging

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olivier A. Coubard

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available As society ages and frequency of falls increases in older adults, counteracting motor decline is a challenging issue for developed countries. Physical activity based on aerobic and strength training as well as motor activity based on skill learning both help benefit balance and reduce the risk of falls, as assessed by clinical or laboratory measures. However, how such programs influence motor control is a neglected issue. This study examined the effects of fall prevention (FP training on saccadic control in older adults. Saccades were recorded in twelve participants aged 64-91 years before and after 2.5-month training in FP. Traditional analysis of saccade timing and dynamics was performed together with a quantitative analysis using the LATER model, enabling us to examine the underlying motor control processes. Results indicated that FP reduced the rate of anticipatory and express saccades in inappropriate directions and enhanced that of express saccades in the appropriate direction, resulting in decreased latency and higher left-right symmetry of motor responses. FP reduced within-participant variability of saccade duration, amplitude, and peak velocity. LATER analysis suggested that FP modulates decisional thresholds, extending our knowledge of motor training influence on central motor control. We introduce the TIMER-RIDER model to account for the results.

  7. Empresarios exitosos: cómo toman decisiones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Elizabeth Castillo de Matheus

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available En el ámbito empresarial se destacan empresarios que han garantizado un crecimiento sostenido en cuanto a oferta de productos, incremento en el número de clientes, ampliación de las zonas geográficas y en general, crecimiento empresarial. El objetivo clave de la investigación, busca interpretar hasta comprender, la estructura que subyace en el proceso de toma de decisiones de empresarios exitosos sin estudios universitarios, y de manera particular el objetivo de este artículo, es determinar las características claves de esta estructura desde el contexto empresarial, las cuales fueron obtenidas a través de un estudio cualitativo apoyado en una trama metodológica que tuvo como protagonistas a la hermenéutica, la etnometodología y las historias de vida, dando como resultado o conclusión las implicaciones que tienen la experiencia y el aprendizaje en la conformación de habilidades de tipo analítica, práctica y creativa que asociadas a los tipos de pensamiento racional, sistémico, creativo y la inteligencia emocional, conforman un decisor que con visión prospectiva, maximiza resultados en pro de organizaciones exitosas.

  8. Juggling reveals a decisional component to tactile suppression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Juravle, Georgiana; Spence, Charles

    2011-08-01

    Goal-directed movements are characterized by sensory suppression, that is, by decreased sensitivity to tactile stimuli. In the present study, we investigated tactile suppression during movement using a complex motor task: basic 3-ball juggling. It was hypothesized that a decrease in tactile sensitivity would be observed, together with a shift in participants' response bias while juggling. In a first experiment, participants had to detect a short gap in an otherwise continuous vibratory stimulus, which was delivered to their wrist under conditions of rest or else while juggling. In a second experiment, participants detected a short time gap in a continuous auditory signal, under the same conditions. In a final control experiment performed at rest, participants detected a short time gap in an auditory or tactile signal. In an additional condition, the detection of a gap in tactile stimulation was required under conditions of intramodal tactile interference. Participants were significantly less sensitive to detect a gap in tactile stimulation whilst juggling. Most importantly, these results were paired with a significant shift toward participants adopting a more conservative criterion when responding to the presence of the gap (i.e. they were more likely to say that a gap was not present). Taken together, these results demonstrate movement-related tactile sensory suppression and point to a decisional component in tactile suppression, thus suggesting that tactile suppression could already be triggered in the brain ahead of the motor command. PMID:21717097

  9. LA TOMA DE DECISIONES EN EL FINANCIAMIENTO Y LA HME

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto León Drimer

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available En las decisiones de financiamiento, el modelo generalmente aceptado en ámbitos académicos es el de las Proposiciones de Modigliani-Miller, que se basa en la Hipótesis del Mercado Eficiente (HME. Se señala que ciertas inferencias se ven refutadas empíricamente y que esas anomalías no pueden salvarse mediante una hipótesis ad hoc, sino que proviene de las limitaciones de la HME, sugiriendo la conveniencia de otros esquemas teóricos. Después de reseñar ciertas características, se sugiere abandonar su versión tradicional a favor del empleo de nuevas herramientas estadísticas que permitan considerar, además del componente aleatorio, diversos atributos de cambiante incidencia que reflejen diversos factores. Vale decir que de la proposición "existen algunos procesos financieros que son aleatorios" no se sigue que "todos los procesos financieros son nada más que aleatorios".

  10. 76 FR 60114 - Section 306 Monitoring of Paraguay: Memorandum of Understanding on Intellectual Property Rights...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-28

    ... successfully entered into a Memorandum of Understanding on Intellectual Property Rights. USTR subsequently... enforcement of intellectual property rights. Dates: Submissions from the general public and foreign... ``Paraguay Memorandum of Understanding on Intellectual Property Rights'' in the ``Type comment'' field...

  11. Pharmacovigilance in Europe: Place of the Pharmacovigilance Risk Assessment Committee (PRAC) in organisation and decisional processes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laroche, Marie-Laure; Batz, Arnaud; Géniaux, Hélène; Féchant, Corinne; Merle, Louis; Maison, Patrick

    2016-04-01

    The new European legislation that came into force in July 2012 reinforced the organisation of pharmacovigilance by setting up a committee in charge of risk assessment for medicines, the Pharmacovigilance Risk Assessment Committee (PRAC). The PRAC has a remit covering the assessment of all aspects of the safety and the risk management of medicinal products for human use in the European Union. It deals with issues regarding pharmacovigilance signals, the periodic evaluation of benefit/risk reports from marketing authorization holders (MAH), risk management plans, post-marketing studies, variations or renewals of marketing authorisations, management of under surveillance drugs lists, inspections for pharmacovigilance reasons and audits of pharmacovigilance systems. The PRAC works with the pharmacovigilance systems of the European Member States, which draw up evaluation reports. These evaluations are circulated and discussed by Member States so as to issue recommendations, which serve as a basis for other European medicines committees, the Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP) or the Coordination Group for Mutual Recognition and Decentralised Procedures-Human (CMDh) which then give their opinion. The final decision, which applies to all Member States and to the concerned MAH, lies with the European Commission (EC). This decisional procedure thus rests on coordination involving the PRAC, the CHMP, the CMDh, the EC, the Member States and the pharmaceutical companies. In the 3 years from July 2012, the PRAC has processed nearly 4500 procedures and is still facing an increasing workload. PMID:27080834

  12. Climate change and the federal budget. CBO memorandum

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Congressional Budget Office (CBO) memorandum was prepared at the request of the Senate Committee on the Budget to document current US efforts in the area of global climate change and to review current federal spending programs and tax policies that relate to climate change. The memorandum also describes proposals contained in the President's 1999 budget for funding for those programs and several new tax policies. It should be helpful to policymakers as they consider options to respond to international proposals for reducing the threat of climate change

  13. Quantifying the decisional satisfaction to accept or reject the Human Papillomavirus (HPV vaccine: a preference for cervical cancer prevention.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diane M Harper

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Only a portion of the US population is willing to consider HPV vaccination to date. The primary aim of this study is to determine the decisional satisfaction associated with HPV vaccination. STUDY DESIGN: This is a prospective survey conducted at an urban college where women 18-26 years old completed a decisional satisfaction survey about their HPV vaccine experience. RESULTS: Regardless of the decision to accept or reject HPV vaccination, the decisional satisfaction was very high (mean 5-item score = 21.2 (SD 3.8. Women without HPV vaccination were decisionally neutral significantly more often than those already vaccinated; 22% were decisionally neutral for the option to accept HPV vaccination at that visit. Cervical cancer prevention was preferred significantly more often than genital wart prevention in all analyses. CONCLUSIONS: Targeting those who are decisionally neutral about HPV vaccination may result in a higher uptake of HPV vaccination.

  14. Lack of Effect for Decisional Balance as a Brief Motivational Intervention for At-Risk College Drinkers

    OpenAIRE

    Collins, Susan E.; Carey, Kate B.

    2005-01-01

    This study examined the effects of written and in-person decisional balance exercises on measures of risky drinking. College students determined to be at-risk for alcohol-related problems (N = 131) were randomly assigned to an in-person decisional balance (IDB), a written decisional balance (WDB), or an assessment-only control (C) group. IDB participants met with an interventionist for individual 30-minute discussions of the pros and cons of maintaining versus changing their drinking behavior...

  15. Sesgos presentes en la toma de decisiones de los gerentes y equipos gerenciales en Lima, Perú

    OpenAIRE

    Galdós Jiménez, Walter Gonzalo

    2010-01-01

    El ambiente actual de negocios en el Perú, las empresas, frente a la complejidad de las decisiones, promueven en forma creciente decisiones individuales más rigurosas y decisiones en equipo, sobre la premisa que en conjunto, los seres humanos alcanzan un nivel más alto de racionalidad. Se han identificado una serie de fallas en la forma en que pensamos al tomar decisiones. Algunas, como la heurística por claridad, son concepciones sensoriales erradas. Otras toman la forma de se...

  16. Aporte de enfermería a la toma de decisiones en salud

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angélica Mosqueda-Díaz

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available En el ámbito sanitario tomar decisiones es una situación frecuente, aunque potencialmente difícil, ya sea por las características del(la usuario(a, del contexto o de la situación de salud. Esto provoca conflicto decisional en los(as usuarios(as. El presente artículo se propone analizar conceptualmente la toma de decisiones en salud y los aportes realizados desde enfermería para comprender y enfrentar el fenómeno. Así, el Modelo de Toma de Decisiones en Salud de Ottawa, propuesto por la enfermera Annette O'Connor, surge como una herramienta útil para que las(os enfermeras(os realicen intervenciones efectivas con personas que se enfrentan a problemas decisionales, donde además el(la usuario(a puede asumir una participación más activa en las decisiones sobre su propia salud.

  17. FY2015 Analysis of the Teamwork USA Program. Memorandum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howard, Mark

    2015-01-01

    The Department of Research and Evaluation (DRE) has completed an analysis of the performance of students who participated in the Teamwork USA Program, administered in FY2014 at three District schools. Teamwork USA hopes to improve student achievement at select Title I elementary schools via its Instrumental Music Program grant. This memorandum to…

  18. 24 CFR 901.135 - Memorandum of Agreement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... DEVELOPMENT PUBLIC HOUSING MANAGEMENT ASSESSMENT PROGRAM § 901.135 Memorandum of Agreement. (a) After..., the training of PHA employees in specific management areas or assistance in the resolution of.../Area Office. (c) The Department encourages the inclusion of the resident leadership in MOA...

  19. EC-CERN Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) signature

    CERN Multimedia

    EC audiovisual service

    2009-01-01

    Signature of the Memorandum of Understanding EC-CERN at Brussels with Mr. José Manuel Silva Rodriguez, European Commission Director General for Research , Rolf Heuer, CERN’s Director-General and Torsten Akesson, President of the CERN Council

  20. Emerging infectious diseases: Memorandum from a WHO meeting*

    OpenAIRE

    1998-01-01

    A meeting of international experts exchanged information on recent activities dealing with new, emerging and re-emerging diseases, discussed ways of responding to this problem and to other communicable disease threats, and reviewed WHO's activities and role in this area. This Memorandum summarizes the various presentations and concludes with the recommendations and specific tasks for action at every level.

  1. Reduction-in-Force (RIF). A Legal Memorandum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zirkel, Perry A.; Bargerstock, Charles T.

    This legal memorandum provides an overview of the growing body of legislation and litigation concerning reduction in force (RIF). The focus of the article is the suspension or dismissal of teachers for reasons unrelated to their competence or behavior. Cases concerning other professional personnel such as principals, or other staffing strategies…

  2. QUALITY OF ACCOUNTING INFORMATION TO OPTIMIZE THE DECISIONAL PROCESS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miculescu Marius Nicolae

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This article provides information on business and therefore need managers to obtain information relevant accounting, reliable, clear, accurate and lowest costs to optimize decision making. This need derives from the current economic environment. The survival of organizations in a competitive environment, to which they must adapt, is conditioned by obtaining accounting information which should be qualitative, opportune, vital, and in a short time. This information is related to patrimony, analytical results, the market (dynamics, dimensions, and structure, and relationships with business partners, competitors, suppliers. Therefore focus more intensely on the quality of accounting information. Definition of quality of accounting information but leave the boundaries and features of accounting communication process and aims to determine \\\\\\"quality criteria\\\\\\" or \\\\\\"qualitative characteristics\\\\\\" to develop a measurement tool. Note that the reviewliterature was found that the normalization and accounting dotrine, criteria for definition of quality of accounting infornation are not identical, their selection and ranking is different. Theory and practice also identifies the fact that information itself is worthless. Instead it is valuable once it is used in a decisional process. Thus, the economic value of the accounting information depends on the earnings obtained after making a decision, diminished by information cost. To be more specific, it depends on the table or on the implemented decision tree, on the informational cost and on the optimal condition established by the decision maker (due to the fact that producing accounting information implies costs which are often considerable and profits arise only form shares. The problem of convergence between content and interpretation of information sent by users also take, and the quality of information to be intelligible. In this case, those who use, say users should have sufficient

  3. El proceso de toma de decisiones estratégicas en las universidades públicas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emilio Rodríguez

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo tiene como objetivo proporcionar un conjunto de propuestas prácticas para favorecer el proceso de toma de decisiones estratégicas en las universidades públicas. Empleando los resultados de investigaciones previas, se delinean los imperativos estratégicos para lograr éxito tanto en el diseño como en la implantación de las decisiones estratégicas. El trabajo concluye con la construcción de un modelo sistémico sustentado en la diversidad del equipo directivo, en su congruencia de valores y el estilo de liderazgo, variables que actúan como determinantes de la racionalidad, la politización, el conflicto, la justicia procesal y la flexibilidad de la toma de decisiones estratégicas.

  4. Investigación en el aula: las decisiones condicionan las interacciones

    OpenAIRE

    Scaglia, Sara; Coriat, Moisés

    2002-01-01

    Este trabajo enmarca y describe algunas interacciones entre alumnos/ investigador/docente generadas durante el desarrollo de una investigación en didáctica de la matemática. Toda investigación supone la toma de decisiones que atañen a diversos aspectos relacionados con el problema, los objetivos de la investigación y los resultados que se obtienen durante su desarrollo. Se pondrá de manifiesto que estas decisiones, que definen en buena medida la coherencia de la investigación, deben tomarse e...

  5. Desarrollo de sistemas de apoyo para la toma de decisiones en procesos industriales

    OpenAIRE

    Enrique E. Tarifa; Martínez, Sergio; Domínguez, Samuel Franco; Núñez, Álvaro; Sánchez Rivero, David

    2011-01-01

    El presente proyecto tiene por objetivo general desarrollar sistemas de apoyo para la toma de decisiones en procesos industriales. Estos sistemas son cada vez más necesarios debido a la complejidad creciente de los escenarios planteados por la globalización, la competencia, los avances tecnológicos, los problemas ambientales y sociales, entre otros. La secuencia de procesos requeridos para tomar decisiones es independiente del área particular de aplicación. Esta secuencia es: 1) Identifica...

  6. La Unidad de Inteligencia Empresarial, la toma de decisiones y su impacto social

    OpenAIRE

    Silvio Curiel Lorenzo

    2010-01-01

    Se analiza el impacto social de la ciencia y la tecnología en la sociedad a través del desempeño de los productos y servicios de una unidad inteligencia empresarial (UIE) y el papel fundamental que juega en la toma de decisiones. Las unidades de inteligencia empresarial representan un eslabón importante en el proceso de toma de decisiones, y su impacto social lo podemos ver en cambios ocurridos en los diferentes sectores a los cuales van dirigidos sus productos y servicios.

  7. Toma de decisiones clínicas en atención primaria

    OpenAIRE

    Antonio Moncada; María Sofía Cuba

    2013-01-01

    El profesional del primer nivel de atención necesita estar altamente calificado en tomar decisiones médicas con el debido respaldo científico, aplicado a una metodología ordenada y eficiente a la hora de tomar una decisión. De esta manera llegamos a un diagnostico razonado, generando satisfacción en el usuario. A este método lo denominamos toma de decisiones clínicas en atención primaria. Durante el proceso de toma de decisión médica surge la incertidumbre, que en medicina gira en torno a la ...

  8. Un modello di decisione per l'eugenetica: il criterio del maximin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Camilla Colombo

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available In un ipotetico scenario tecnologicamente molto più avanzato di quello attuale, in cui sia possibile modificare alcune caratteristiche di un feto attraverso interventi di ingegneria genetica, viene illustrato un possibile problema etico circa la legittimità di tali interventi. In particolare, nell’esempio trattato ci si chiede quando e se sia legittimo per un genitore autorizzare un intervento genetico su suo figlio. Il casus fictus è analizzato utilizzando gli strumenti della Teoria della Decisione Razionale (TDR, costruendo un opportuno modello di decisione che consenta di rispettare un vincolo di razionalità e un vincolo di giustizia. Il modello proposto si caratterizza come alternativo rispetto a quelli classici della TDR, poiché il problema in analisi non può essere risolto in una matrice di decisione individuale, che non tiene conto della componente interpersonale di una scelta riguardante l’eugenetica, né come un caso di Scelta Sociale, perché le preferenze di uno degli individui coinvolti sono indefinite al momento della decisione. La soluzione prospettata è l’utilizzo del criterio di decisione del maximin, formalizzato da Von Neumann e Morgenstern, in luogo della massimizzazione dell’utilità prevista. Tale criterio, attraverso astrazioni (sul problema e idealizzazioni (sull’agente consente di rispettare i due vincoli di razionalità e giustizia, imponendo al genitore di autorizzare solo quegli interventi genetici che non diminuiscano il successo del nascituro in un piano di vita possibile. Questo criterio di decisione, a differenza dei criteri di demarcazione tra terapia e avanzamento utilizzati frequentemente in letteratura, è solo procedurale, ma non vuoto perché risponde a istanze di giustizia. Inoltre, il problema dell’autorizzazione degli interventi genetici rappresenta un caso di applicazione giustificata di un criterio di decisione generalmente non ritenuto ragionevole, perché troppo conservativo e

  9. La Unidad de Inteligencia Empresarial, la toma de decisiones y su impacto social

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvio Curiel Lorenzo

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Se analiza el impacto social de la ciencia y la tecnología en la sociedad a través del desempeño de los productos y servicios de una unidad inteligencia empresarial (UIE y el papel fundamental que juega en la toma de decisiones. Las unidades de inteligencia empresarial representan un eslabón importante en el proceso de toma de decisiones, y su impacto social lo podemos ver en cambios ocurridos en los diferentes sectores a los cuales van dirigidos sus productos y servicios.

  10. Soporte a la toma de decisiones en la gestión universitaria

    OpenAIRE

    López de Munain, Claudia; Sandoval, Anahi; Torrent, Marcela

    2015-01-01

    Un Sistema de Soporte para la Toma de Decisiones (DSS) es un sistema informático que sustenta el proceso de toma de decisiones, lo cual implica la utilización de datos y modelos para la generación, la estimación, la evaluación y/o la comparación sistemática de alternativas. En el presente trabajo se analizan los fundamentos y tendencias de este tipo de sistemas, para luego modelizar el comportamiento de los procesos decisorios en el área de gestión de la Educación Superior, tomando como ba...

  11. Sistema de apoyo a las decisiones en la Cría de Ganado Vacuno

    OpenAIRE

    Princich, Fernando L.; Mariño, Sonia Itatí; Arrua, Lumen A.

    2003-01-01

    El diseño e implementación de un sistema de Soporte a la Toma de Decisiones en la Cría de Ganado Vacuno , requiere de un análisis minucioso del problema, de los datos y de los requerimientos, ya que en muchas situaciones, y en casi todas, los problemas no se ajustan a las situaciones comunes en el campo de aplicación de los Sistemas de Soporte a la Toma de Decisiones. Se presenta un sistema que podrá implementarse como un elemento complementario para analizar, innovar, utilizar la creativida...

  12. Decisional Self-Esteem and Stress Levels of High School Students with Different Locus of Controls According to Some Personal Variables

    OpenAIRE

    Secil Ozcan Candangil; Aydogan Aykut Ceyhan

    2006-01-01

    In this research, it was investigated whether decisional self-esteem levels and decisional stress levels of high school students differ according to levels of locus of control. Moreover, it was also examined whether decisional self-esteem levels and decisional stress levels of high school students with internal and external locus of controls differ according to gender and perception of their physical appearance. This study was carried out with 1796 public high school students. Data collected ...

  13. Influencia de la estrategia "toma de decisiones" en el autoconcepto de adolescentes consumidores de alcohol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reyna Isabel Hernández Pedroza

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de esta investigación fue determinar la influencia de la estrategia "toma de decisiones" en el autoconcepto de adolescentes consumidores de alcohol. Se aplicó un estudio longitudinal, pre-experimental. Se incluyeron 30 adolescentes, previo consentimiento informado de estudiantes y padres. La recolección de datos se realizo con AUDIT, test de conflicto decisional y The Tennessee Self-Concep Scale (TSCS. Se encontró que la edad promedio fue 16.56 ± 0.85 años, 60% hombres, el 100% de los adolescentes presentaron conflicto decisional. El 100% habían consumido alcohol alguna vez en su vida. No se encontró diferencia estadísticamente significativa entre el autoconcepto pre y post intervención (p = 0.27, excepto en la dimensión Yo moral (p = 0.01. Se concluye de acuerdo a los resultados obtenidos en la pre y post intervención que la estrategia de intervención tuvo una influencia en la dimensión del autoconcepto Yo Moral del adolescente consumidor de alcohol. Es posible que esto influyera en la percepción de sí mismo al encontrarse con la realidad de que por primera vez consideraba su capacidad o incapacidad para tomar decisiones.

  14. Emociones y toma de decisiones desde la economía comportamental

    OpenAIRE

    De Mier, Susana

    2013-01-01

    Los recientes estudios de la economía comportamental sobre cómo inciden los sentimientos y las emociones en el proceso de toma de decisiones ponen en debate el principio de la racionalidad económica, sostén de la doctrina liberal.

  15. Decisional Stage Distribution for Colorectal Cancer Screening among Diverse, Low-Income Study Participants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hester, C. M.; Born, W. K.; Yeh, H. W.; Young, K. L.; James, A. S.; Daley, C. M.; Greiner, K. A.

    2015-01-01

    Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening uptake among minorities and those with lower incomes is suboptimal. Behavioral interventions specifically tailored to these populations can increase screening rates and save lives. The Precaution Adoption Process Model (PAPM) allows assignment of a decisional stage for adoption of a behavior such as CRC screening.…

  16. Colombia : Country Economic Memorandum, The Foundations for Competitiveness

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2005-01-01

    Since Colombia's last Country Economic Memorandum (CEM) (1989) the country has endured several years of slow growth, burgeoning fiscal deficits, and high levels of debt. Colombia now is seeking to join a free trade agreement (FTA) with the United States in the hope of stimulating growth and improving living conditions for the country as a whole. In response to the opportunities and challenges presented by the proposed FTA with the United States, the Colombian government has launched an "inter...

  17. [Memorandum IV: Theoretical and Normative Grounding of Health Services Research].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baumann, W; Farin, E; Menzel-Begemann, A; Meyer, T

    2016-05-01

    With Memoranda and other initiatives, the German Network for Health Service Research [Deutsches Netzwerk Versorgungsforschung e.V. (DNVF)] is fostering the methodological quality of care research studies for years. Compared to the standards of empirical research, questions concerning the role and function of theories, theoretical approaches and scientific principles have not been taken up on its own. Therefore, the DNVF e.V. has set up a working group in 2013, which was commissioned to prepare a memorandum on "theories in health care research". This now presented memorandum will primarily challenge scholars in health care services research to pay more attention to questions concerning the theoretical arsenal and the background assumptions in the research process. The foundation in the philosophy of science, the reference to normative principles and the theory-bases of the research process are addressed. Moreover, the memorandum will call on to advance the theorizing in health services research and to strengthen not empirical approaches, research on basic principles or studies with regard to normative sciences and to incorporate these relevant disciplines in health services research. Research structures and funding of health services research needs more open space for theoretical reflection and for self-observation of their own, multidisciplinary research processes. PMID:27248164

  18. Proceso de toma de decisiones y política exterior argentina hacia Gran Bretaña

    OpenAIRE

    Soukiassian, Carlos

    1994-01-01

    Un acabado conocimiento del proceso de toma de decisiones y de los actores que intervienen en la formulación de la política exterior, resulta indispensable para cualquier intento de relación con un país. Este es el objetivo principal del presente trabajo, el de analizar los factores que intervienen en la formulación de la política exterior de la Argentina hacia Gran Bretaña y a su vez mostrar los posibles canales de entrada al sistema de decisiones. El proceso de toma de decisiones en polític...

  19. Estudio sobre la toma de decisiones en el deporte en edad escolar mediante una aplicación digital

    OpenAIRE

    Vázquez Ramos, Francisco Javier

    2015-01-01

    El presente estudio aborda un tema de especial relevancia en el deporte en edad escolar, tanto en el ámbito educativo como en el deportivo: la toma de decisiones. Esta investigación tiene tres objetivos básicos que de forma resumida son: diseñar y crear un instrumento para medir la toma de decisiones basada en aspectos espaciales y temporales para niños de entre 10 y 14 años de edad; conocer el perfil decisional en función de la práctica deportiva realizada (voleibol, balonmano, atletismo y e...

  20. 75 FR 33657 - Notification of a Public Meeting and Mailbox on the Presidential Memorandum on Federal Small...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-14

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS... Mailbox on the Presidential Memorandum on Federal Small Business Contracting AGENCY: Small Business...-contracting-opportunities-sm . In furtherance of the President's Memorandum, the Small Business...

  1. 75 FR 2858 - Negotiation of a Reciprocal Defense Procurement Memorandum of Understanding With the Czech Republic

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-19

    ... Negotiation of a Reciprocal Defense Procurement Memorandum of Understanding With the Czech Republic AGENCY... Defense Procurement Memorandum of Understanding with the Czech Republic. DoD is requesting industry... components. If DoD signs an RDP MOU with the Czech Republic, the Czech Republic would be listed as one of...

  2. Intelligent Decisional Assistant that Facilitate the Choice of a Proper Computer System Applied in Busines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolae MARGINEAN

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The choice of a proper computer system is not an easy task for a decider. One reason could be the present market development of computer systems applied in business. The big number of the Romanian market players determines a big number of computerized products, with a multitude of various properties. Our proposal tries to optimize and facilitate this decisional process within an e-shop where are sold IT packets applied in business, building an online decisional assistant, a special component conceived to facilitate the decision making needed for the selection of the pertinent IT package that fits the requirements of one certain business, described by the decider. The user interacts with the system as an online buyer that visit an e-shop where are sold IT package applied in economy.

  3. TOMA DE DECISIONES, ESTILOS DE COMUNICACIÓN EN EL CONFLICTO Y COMUNICACIÓN FAMILIAR EN ADOLESCENTES BACHILLERES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Cesar A. Luna Bernal

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se analizan correlaciones significativas entre patrones de toma de decisiones, autoconfianza como tomador de determinaciones, patrones de comunicación familiar y estilos de mensajes en el manejo de conflictos con los padres en 412 adolescentes bachilleres con edades de entre 15 y 19 años, quienes respondieron una versión adaptada del Cuestionario de Estilos de Mensajes en el Manejo del Conflicto, el Cuestionario Melbourne de Toma de Decisiones y la Escala de Autoconfianza como Tomador de Decisiones, así como la Escala de Comunicación Padres-Adolescentes. Entre los resultados, se encontraron correlaciones significativas entre comunicación familiar abierta, estilos de afrontamiento del conflicto orientados hacia la cooperación, y autoconfianza y vigilancia en la toma de decisiones. Se discuten estos y otros resultados relevantes.

  4. Treatment-related decisional conflict in patients with depressive and anxious disorders

    OpenAIRE

    De las Cuevas C; Marrero R; Cabrera C

    2016-01-01

    Carlos De las Cuevas,1 Ramsés Marrero,1 Casimiro Cabrera21Department of Internal Medicine, Dermatology and Psychiatry, University of La Laguna, San Cristóbal de La Laguna, Canary Islands, Spain; 2Department of Psychiatry, Queen’s University, Kingston, ON, CanadaPurpose: To determine the level of treatment-related decisional conflict in patients with emotional disorders and to establish its relationship with sociodemographic and clinical variables.Methods: We conducted a cr...

  5. Dignidad, respeto a la vida y toma de decisiones en las unidades de cuidado neonatal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zuleta Cruz Gloria Inés

    1996-06-01

    Full Text Available

    El profesional de salud en su trabajo diario en las unidades de cuidado neonatal, a menudo se ve enfrentado a tomar decisiones que implican para ellos dilemas éticos que comprometen el respeto por la vida y la defensa de la dignidad humana. Es necesario  recordar que cada decisión involucra seres humanos y que son ellos quienes en últimas experimentarán las consecuencias.

  6. Modelos para la toma de decisiones en líneas de espera

    OpenAIRE

    Franco, Sandra, coord.; Rodríguez, María

    2004-01-01

    Un problema que se presenta con frecuencia en muchos organismos, como ser bancarios, gubernamentales, supermercados, etc., es el de intentar proporcionar los mayores niveles de servicios posibles, sin necesidad de incrementar su capacidad operativa. Nuestro trabajo consiste en analizar los fundamentos de la teoría de colas exponiendo modelos matemáticos que permiten tomar decisiones oportunas optimizando la planificación de un servicio y el uso de sus recursos disponibles. El objetivo esencia...

  7. Assessment of Breast Cancer Patients' Knowledge and Decisional Conflict Regarding Tamoxifen Use.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Se Ik; Lee, Yumi; Son, Yedong; Jun, So Yeun; Yun, Sooin; Bae, Hyo Sook; Lim, Myong Cheol; Jung, So-Youn; Joo, Jungnam; Lee, Eun Sook

    2015-11-01

    Breast cancer is the most common type of female cancer. Tamoxifen, a selective estrogen receptor modulator, is widely used to decrease breast cancer recurrence and mortality among patients. However, it also increases the risk of endometrial cancer. This study aimed to assess knowledge and decisional conflict regarding tamoxifen use. Between June and October 2014, breast cancer patients using tamoxifen were consecutively screened and requested to complete a survey including the EQ-5D, Satisfaction with Decision Scale (SWD), Decisional Conflict Scale (DCS), and a self-developed, 15-item questionnaire measuring tamoxifen-related knowledge. The study sample comprised 299 patients. The mean total knowledge score was 63.4 of a possible 100.0 (range, 13.3-93.3). While 73.9% of the participants knew that tamoxifen reduces the risk of breast cancer recurrence, only 57.9% knew that the drug increases endometrial cancer risk. A higher education level (≥ college) was associated with a higher, total knowledge score (β = 4.291; P = 0.017). A higher knowledge score was associated with a decreased DCS score (β = -0.366; P < 0.001). A higher SWD score was also associated with decreased decisional conflict (β = -0.178; P < 0.001). In conclusion, the breast cancer patients with higher levels of tamoxifen-related knowledge showed lower levels of decisional conflict regarding tamoxifen use. Clinicians should provide the exact information about tamoxifen treatment to patients, based on knowledge assessment results, so as to aid patients' decision-making with minimal conflict. PMID:26539004

  8. Decisional impairments in cocaine addiction, reward bias, and cortical oscillation “unbalance”

    OpenAIRE

    Balconi, Michela; Finocchiaro, Roberta

    2015-01-01

    A vast amount of research has suggested that subjects with substance use disorder (SUD) might have difficulty making advantageous decisions that opt in favor of a longer-term, larger reward than an immediate, smaller reward. The current research explored the impact of reward bias and cortical frontal asymmetry (left lateralization effect) in SUD in response to a decisional task (Iowa Gambling Task). Fifty SUD participants and 40 controls (CG) were tested using the Iowa Gambling Task. Electrop...

  9. Propuesta metodologica para la toma de decisiones en la comercializacion de manzana en Argentina

    OpenAIRE

    Leskovar, Mario; Gil, Jose M.; Kaabia, Monia Ben

    2007-01-01

    El objectivo de este trabajo consiste en desarrollar una metodologia util que facilite a productores y almacienistas de las variedades tradicionales de manzana del Alto Valle de Rio Negro y Neuquen la toma de decisiones de comercializacion en un contecto de creciente incertidumbre sobre la evolucion de los precios. para ello, se analizan los costes de conservacion a lo largo de la campana y se comparan con los ingresos reales obtenidos y con los que se obtendrian a partir de rediccones de pre...

  10. The influence of group decision making on indecisiveness-related decisional confidence

    OpenAIRE

    Andrea L. Patalano; Zachary LeClair

    2011-01-01

    Indecisiveness is an individual difference measure of chronic difficulty and delay in decision making. Indecisiveness is associated with low decisional confidence and distinct patterns of pre-choice information search behavior. The present study explored whether the confidence levels and search behaviors associated with individual indecisiveness also emerge in group decision making contexts. In this study, 97 decisive and indecisive participants were assigned to make a decision individually o...

  11. Social impact evaluation: Some implications of the specific decisional context approach for Anticipatory Project Assessment (ARA)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mayo, L. H.

    1975-01-01

    An anticipatory project assessment is discussed which is characterized as the capacity to perform, and the disposition to take into account in relevant decisional areas, the following operations: identification of the significant effects which will result from the introduction of a specified project configuration into alternative projected future social environments during the planning, implementation, and operational states; evaluation of such effects in terms of social impacts on affected participants and social value-institutional processes in accord with specified concepts of social justice.

  12. Validation of decisional balance inventory test in Italian: assessment of motivation in weight loss

    OpenAIRE

    Anna Giulia Falchi; Chiara Muggia; Ilaria Grecchi; Ilaria Michelini; Annalisa De Silvestri; Carmine Tinelli

    2015-01-01

    The decisional balance inventory (DBI) test is a valuable tool to assess motivation to change; we consider its application in enhancing motivation of losing weight. Our aim is the translation, cultural adaption and validation in Italian of this test originally designed and drafted in English. The questionnaire has been translated according to an English → Italian → Italian → English algorithm with reconciliation of the differences. Pilot study and retests were performed on 47 cases [body mass...

  13. Decisional procrastination of school-to-work transition: Personality correlates of career indecision

    OpenAIRE

    Bańka Augustyn; Hauziński Aleksander

    2015-01-01

    Procrastination as putting off until tomorrow what one had intended to do today is well-known tendency in everyday life. In an attempt to understand the character of procrastination in different life-domains, a large body of research has been accumulated over the last decades. This article was aimed to evaluate a specific decisional procrastination of school-to-work transition (SWT) that is treated as maturity postponement. Two studies are reported examining SWT procrastination defined as car...

  14. Árbol de decisiones para la resolución de incidencias

    OpenAIRE

    Molas Roca, Meritxell

    2016-01-01

    Análisis e implementación de un sistema de información para dar soporte al personal del grupo de soporte técnico en Everis para la resolución de incidencias del SI existente en Gas Natural (área de contratación). Se va a desarrollar basándose en la definición de un árbol de decisiones.

  15. Memorandum of Understanding for Hydropower Two-Year Progress Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2012-04-01

    On March 24, 2010, the Department of the Army (DOA) through the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE or Corps), the Department of Energy, and the Department of the Interior signed the Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) for Hydropower. The purpose of the MOU is to “help meet the nation’s needs for reliable, affordable, and environmentally sustainable hydropower by building a long-term working relationship, prioritizing similar goals, and aligning ongoing and future renewable energy development efforts.” This report documents efforts so far.

  16. Los contextos parentales y académicos y los valores laborales en la toma de decisiones en Bachillerato

    OpenAIRE

    Cortés-Pascual, P.A. (P. Alejandra); Conchado-Peiró, A. (Andrea)

    2012-01-01

    Introducción: El contexto familiar y académico, y los valores laborales son factores considerados para indagar la toma de decisiones de alumnado de 2º de Bachillerato de la Comunidad Aragonesa hacia el mundo universitario. Método: Tras un muestreo probabilístico aleatorio estratificado, 1568 discentes (60% mujeres y 40% hombres) responden al “Cuestionario Orientauni”. Resultados: Se aprecian diferencias en relación al sexo y las decisiones universitarias. Resalta la ...

  17. Regulating Emotions during Difficult Multiattribute Decision Making: The Role of Pre-Decisional Coherence Shifting.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephanie M Carpenter

    Full Text Available Almost all real-life decisions entail attribute conflict; every serious choice alternative is better than its competitors on some attribute dimensions but worse on others. In pre-decisional "coherence shifting," the decision maker gradually softens that conflict psychologically to the point where one alternative is seen as dominant over its competitors, or nearly so. Specifically, weaknesses of the eventually chosen alternative come to be perceived as less severe and less important while its strengths seem more desirable and significant. The research described here demonstrates that difficult multiattribute decision problems are aversive and that pre-decisional coherence shifting aids individuals in regulating that emotional discomfort. Across three studies, attribute conflict was confirmed to be aversive (Study 1, and skin conductance responses and ratings of decision difficulty both decreased in participants who coherence shifted (Study 2. Coherence shifting was also diminished among decision makers who were depleted of regulatory resources, known to be required for common emotion regulation mechanisms. Further, coherence shifting was shown to be relatively common among people who reported strong suppression tendencies in everyday emotion regulation (Study 3. Overall, the data suggest that, at least in part, coherence shifting serves as a tool that helps decision makers manage the pre-decisional discomfort generated by attribute conflict. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed.

  18. Regulating Emotions during Difficult Multiattribute Decision Making: The Role of Pre-Decisional Coherence Shifting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carpenter, Stephanie M; Yates, J Frank; Preston, Stephanie D; Chen, Lydia

    2016-01-01

    Almost all real-life decisions entail attribute conflict; every serious choice alternative is better than its competitors on some attribute dimensions but worse on others. In pre-decisional "coherence shifting," the decision maker gradually softens that conflict psychologically to the point where one alternative is seen as dominant over its competitors, or nearly so. Specifically, weaknesses of the eventually chosen alternative come to be perceived as less severe and less important while its strengths seem more desirable and significant. The research described here demonstrates that difficult multiattribute decision problems are aversive and that pre-decisional coherence shifting aids individuals in regulating that emotional discomfort. Across three studies, attribute conflict was confirmed to be aversive (Study 1), and skin conductance responses and ratings of decision difficulty both decreased in participants who coherence shifted (Study 2). Coherence shifting was also diminished among decision makers who were depleted of regulatory resources, known to be required for common emotion regulation mechanisms. Further, coherence shifting was shown to be relatively common among people who reported strong suppression tendencies in everyday emotion regulation (Study 3). Overall, the data suggest that, at least in part, coherence shifting serves as a tool that helps decision makers manage the pre-decisional discomfort generated by attribute conflict. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed. PMID:26986752

  19. Conocimiento de la educación, decisiones pedagógicas y decisiones de política educativa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Manuel TOURIÑÁN LÓPEZ

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available This article is engaged in upholding the appropiate place for decision in Educational Politics and Policy. All that inside the knowledge of Education. Political decision making in the educational arena has got a place between technical decisions and moral decisions. The one has increased its relevance in educational forum. On the other point of view, this kind of decision must not be understood as a result of the discipline «Politics of Education» or as a consequence of practical theories which are known like «Politica Pedagógica» (Pedagogy into Politics. Decisions in educational policy apply knowledge of Education but they are not made only with pedagogical facts and technical decisions. It's posible to think of technical decisions as the ones which come not only from the process, but from the knowledge of the process in its own. Pedagogy as a discipline of education let you make technical decisions. Upper these ones, we find the moral decision. To study the special characteristics of political decisions shows two big mistakes into the controversy «Science-Moral- Politics»: scientism and moral subsunction of Political decision in that. In the last pages, this work goes beyond the causal relation between «meansends ». The authors suggest, for the field of goals, to make subsystem levels for decision making, in stead of ubing the taylorist model in order to organize beveral stages of goals.

  20. Memorandum of Understanding Between U.S. EPA Superfund and U.S. NRC

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Office of Superfund Remediation and Technology Innovation (OSRTI) and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) are responsible for implementing the 'Memorandum of Understanding Between the Environmental Protection Agency and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission: Consultation and Finality on Decommissioning and Decontamination of Contaminated Sites'. This paper provides a brief overview of the origin of the Memorandum of Understanding (MOU), the major features of the MOU, and how the MOU has been implemented site specifically. EPA and NRC developed the MOU in response to direction from the House Committee on Appropriations to EPA and NRC to work together to address the potential for dual regulation. The MOU was signed by EPA on September 30, 2002 and NRC on October 9, 2002. The two agencies had worked on the MOU since March 2000. While both EPA and NRC have statutory authority to clean up these sites, the MOU provides consultation procedures between EPA and NRC to eliminate dual regulation. Under the MOU, EPA and NRC identified the interactions of the two agencies for the decommissioning and decontamination of NRC-licensed sites and the ways in which those responsibilities will be exercised. Except for Section VI, which addresses corrective action under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), this MOU is limited to the coordination between EPA, when acting under its CERCLA authority, and NRC, when a facility licensed by the NRC is undergoing decommissioning, or when a facility has completed decommissioning, and the NRC has terminated its license. EPA believes that implementation of the MOU between the two agencies will ensure that future confusion about dual regulation does not occur regarding the cleanup and reuse of NRC-licensed sites. NRC and EPA have so far exchanged MOU consultation letters on eight NRC-licensed sites. EPA has responded to each consultation request with a letter expressing its views on actions

  1. Criterios éticos para las decisiones sanitarias al final de la vida de personas incapaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inés Ma. Barrio Cantalejo

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Actualmente las relaciones sanitarias se apoyan en el reconocimiento del derecho de los pacientes a participar en las decisiones sobre su salud. Esta idea es el fundamento del consentimiento informado. Sin embargo, problema surge cuando el paciente no puede participar en estas decisiones porque se halla en una situación de incapacidad. Es otro, un representante, quien debe decidir por él. En España no existe claridad sobre qué criterios deben orientar las decisiones que ha de tomar el representante. El presente artículo presenta los criterios de decisión en pacientes incapaces desarrollados por la jurisprudencia norteamericana: el criterio subjetivo, el criterio del juicio sustitutivo y el criterio del mejor interés o mayor beneficio. El criterio subjetivo consiste en seguir las directrices que el paciente dictó antes de perder la capacidad. El criterio del juicio sustitutivo trata de deducir la decisión que hubiese tomado el propio paciente si pudiera, a partir de lo que conocemos de él. El criterio del mayor beneficio intenta proteger el bienestar del paciente. Tradicionalmente el «mejor interés» ha sido defender la vida a toda costa, sin atender a otro tipo de consideraciones. Quizás sea el momento de buscar un consenso sobre lo que socialmente hoy en día se considera «mejor interés». Su significado no podrá derivarse exclusivamente del derecho a la vida, sino de la conjunción entre éste –en cantidad y calidad suficientes– y la libertad, interpretados a la luz del respeto a la dignidad de la persona.

  2. Funciones de la corteza prefrontal ventromedial en la toma de decisiones emocionales

    OpenAIRE

    David Contreras; Andrés Catena; Antonio Cándido; José C. Perales; Antonio Maldonado

    2008-01-01

    La corteza prefrontal ventromedial (VMPFC) ha sido implicada en la toma de decisiones emocionales debido a su posible participación en el aprendizaje de inversión afectivo, la propensión al riesgo y la impulsividad. Su especial entramado de conexiones con otras áreas de la corteza y con estructuras subcorticales como la amígdala justifican que pueda tener un papel de interfase entre cognición y emoción, y desempeñar una función fundamental en la regulación y el control del comp...

  3. La Inteligencia Artificial aplicada a la toma de decisiones en la Empresa de Internet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mª Carmen Lozano Gutiérrez

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available En el presente documento de trabajo se presenta una aplicación de una metodología basada en distintas técnicas de Inteligencia Artificial (redes neuronales, lógica difusa, así como técnicas bio-inspiradas basadas en el comportamiento de las hormigas al proceso de toma de decisiones de la empresa en red, para la consecución de un objetivo concreto como es el de lograr la maximización de los enlaces recorridos así como el logro de una óptima usabilidad del sitio.

  4. Portabilidad de los modelos de toma de decisiones con hoja de cálculo

    OpenAIRE

    Bernal García, Juan Jesús; Martínez María Dolores, Soledad María; Sánchez García, Juan Francisco

    2002-01-01

    En múltiples ocasiones sucede que al implantar un modelo de toma de decisiones realizado con hoja de cálculo, éste no funciona adecuadamente debido a la utilización de una aplicación diferente a aquella para la que fue creado. Si bien prácticamente cualquier aplicación de hoja de cálculo permite exportar sus ficheros al formato de otra aplicación diferente, no ocurre lo mismo con la programación realizada mediante “macros” o mediante lenguajes de programación orientada a objeto...

  5. Reflexiones en torno a las emociones en la toma de decisiones éticas en medicina.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula Bedregal

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este trabajo es revisar las teorías de toma de decisiones en general y en bioética, identificando teorías normativas y descriptivas. Se argumenta sobre la necesidad de desarrollar modelos basados en el conocimiento empírico disponible y en presupuestos antropológicos claros, en el que las emociones son consideradas como un aspecto inseparable de la cognición (racionalidad. Estos modelos permitirán comprender mejor la acción moral de la persona humana.

  6. Reflexiones en torno a las emociones en la toma de decisiones éticas en medicina.

    OpenAIRE

    Paula Bedregal

    2010-01-01

    El objetivo de este trabajo es revisar las teorías de toma de decisiones en general y en bioética, identificando teorías normativas y descriptivas. Se argumenta sobre la necesidad de desarrollar modelos basados en el conocimiento empírico disponible y en presupuestos antropológicos claros, en el que las emociones son consideradas como un aspecto inseparable de la cognición (racionalidad). Estos modelos permitirán comprender mejor la acción moral de la persona humana.

  7. LA TOMA DE DECISIONES DE LA EMPRESA EN RED BAJO UN ENFOQUE SISTÉMICO DIFUSO /

    OpenAIRE

    Lozano Gutiérrez, M.C.; Fuentes Martín, F.

    2005-01-01

    En el presente estudio experimental se analiza cómo un tratamiento difuso-sistémico de los datos facilita el modelado e implementación de mecanismos de toma de decisiones en sistemas complejos afectados por un elevado número de variables, algunas de ellas con un comportamiento no claramente definido, situación que se adapta perfectamente al perfil de la empresa en red dadas las peculiaridades de su entorno extremadamente competitivo con frecuentes contradicciones entre la predicción de una de...

  8. Efectos del materialismo en las decisiones del joven consumidor : un estudio exploratorio

    OpenAIRE

    Lado, Nora; Villanueva Orbaiz, María Luisa

    1998-01-01

    En este trabajo se aborda el estudio del materialismo, explorando sus consecuencias sobre el comportamiento de consumo de los jóvenes. Para ello, en primer lugar, se ofrece evidencia empírica sobre la validez de la escala de medición del materialismo desarrollada por Richins y Dawson. En segundo término, se estudia los efectos del materialismo sobre las aspiraciones de los jóvenes y las diversas variables determinantes de sus decisiones de consumo. Los resultados obtenidos indican que los jóv...

  9. Modelo de toma de decisiones en Agentes Inteligentes, mejorando el esquema BDI

    OpenAIRE

    Medellín Moncada, Daniel Eduardo

    2015-01-01

    El presente Trabajo Final de Maestría parte de la relación que existe entre dos teorías: el modelo de Belief, Desires, Intentions (BDI) propuesto por Michael Bratman, y la Teoría Clásica de Racionalidad y sus debilidades caracterizadas por Jhon Searle. Estas proposiciones analizan el pensamiento humano y buscan caracterizar los orígenes de la racionalidad y la toma de decisiones desde una perspectiva filosófica y psicológica. El Modelo BDI ha sido llevado ampliamente a la implementación de si...

  10. Exploración sobre las decisiones estratégicas desde el pensamiento complejo.

    OpenAIRE

    Luz María Rivas Montoya

    2013-01-01

    La racionalidad, las decisiones estratégicas y el pensamiento complejo motivaron la construcción del problema de esta investigación, planteado en términos del carácter limitado y reduccionista de los criterios y referentes de decisión en la visión gerencial tradicional frente a una visión compleja de la realidad humana. La exploración de este problema se realizó desde y para el campo académico de la estrategia, con el propósito de mostrar algunas de las dificultades que se presentan en la def...

  11. El gobierno electrónico. Una herramienta estratégica de toma de decisiones.

    OpenAIRE

    Diego Fernando Cardona Madariaga

    2013-01-01

    El gobierno electrónico ha evolucionado desde la década de los noventa como herramienta de apoyo estatal para desarrollar su función de servicio a los ciudadamos. Dentro de la creciente tendencia por aplicar conceptos clásicos de la gestión privada en el ámbito público, es clave identificar las Tecnologias de la Información y las Comunicaciones (TIC) como elemento de apoyo y no como un fin, de tal manera que soporten el proceso de toma de decisiones ejecutado por los gestores públicos. Para j...

  12. La Inteligencia Artificial aplicada a la toma de decisiones en la Empresa de Internet.

    OpenAIRE

    Mª Carmen Lozano Gutiérrez; Federico Fuentes Martín

    2004-01-01

    En el presente documento de trabajo se presenta una aplicación de una metodología basada en distintas técnicas de Inteligencia Artificial (redes neuronales, lógica difusa, así como técnicas bio-inspiradas basadas en el comportamiento de las hormigas) al proceso de toma de decisiones de la empresa en red, para la consecución de un objetivo concreto como es el de lograr la maximización de los enlaces recorridos así como el logro de una óptima usabilidad del sitio.

  13. Sistema de soporte a la toma de decisiones basado en datawarehouse para pacientes

    OpenAIRE

    Llorente, Maria Eugenia; Sigura, Aldo; Hadad, Alejandro Javier; Drozdowicz, B.

    2012-01-01

    El proyecto propone el diseño y desarrollo de una Datawarehouse (DW) para el apoyo a la toma de decisiones de profesionales médicos que atienden pacientes diabéticos. Estos pacientes requieren de un control y seguimiento continuo de su estado a través de chequeos periódicos. Por otro lado también tienen una mayor probabilidad de diversas complicaciones, tales como problemas cardíacos, de cicatrización, oftalmológicos, entre otros. Como consecuencia de estas situaciones se generan una gran can...

  14. Environmental Action Memorandum : [Ottawa National Wildlife Refuge White-tailed Deer Hunting Plan

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This Environmental Action Memorandum for the proposed Ottawa NWR White-tailed Deer Hunting Plan states that the plan is found not to have significant environmental...

  15. Pierce's Memorandum Account Book Designed for Farmers, Mechanics, and All People

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This is a memorandum account book containing advertisements for medications developed by Dr. R.V. Pierce, former owner of St. Vincent Island.

  16. Decisional impairments in cocaine addiction, reward bias, and cortical oscillation "unbalance".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balconi, Michela; Finocchiaro, Roberta

    2015-01-01

    A vast amount of research has suggested that subjects with substance use disorder (SUD) might have difficulty making advantageous decisions that opt in favor of a longer-term, larger reward than an immediate, smaller reward. The current research explored the impact of reward bias and cortical frontal asymmetry (left lateralization effect) in SUD in response to a decisional task (Iowa Gambling Task). Fifty SUD participants and 40 controls (CG) were tested using the Iowa Gambling Task. Electrophysiology (electroencephalography) recording was performed during task execution. We measured left and right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex power activity. Behavioral responses (gain/loss options); frequency band modulation (asymmetry index) for delta, theta, alpha, and beta band; and cortical source localization (standardized low-resolution brain electromagnetic tomography) were considered. The SUD group opted in favor of the immediate reward option (loss) more frequently than the long-term option (gain) when compared to the CG. Secondly, SUD showed increased left-hemisphere activation in response to losing (with immediate reward) choices in comparison with the CG. The left hemispheric unbalance effect and the "reward bias" were adduced to explain the decisional impairment in SUD. PMID:25848274

  17. Decisional impairments in cocaine addiction, reward bias, and cortical oscillation “unbalance”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Balconi M

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Michela Balconi, Roberta Finocchiaro Research Unit in Affective and Social Neuroscience, Department of Psychology, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Milan, Italy Abstract: A vast amount of research has suggested that subjects with substance use disorder (SUD might have difficulty making advantageous decisions that opt in favor of a longer-term, larger reward than an immediate, smaller reward. The current research explored the impact of reward bias and cortical frontal asymmetry (left lateralization effect in SUD in response to a decisional task (Iowa Gambling Task. Fifty SUD participants and 40 controls (CG were tested using the Iowa Gambling Task. Electrophysiology (electroencephalography recording was performed during task execution. We measured left and right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex power activity. Behavioral responses (gain/loss options; frequency band modulation (asymmetry index for delta, theta, alpha, and beta band; and cortical source localization (standardized low-resolution brain electromagnetic tomography were considered. The SUD group opted in favor of the immediate reward option (loss more frequently than the long-term option (gain when compared to the CG. Secondly, SUD showed increased left-hemisphere activation in response to losing (with immediate reward choices in comparison with the CG. The left hemispheric unbalance effect and the “reward bias” were adduced to explain the decisional impairment in SUD. Keywords: drug addiction, cortical brain oscillations, left lateralization effect, reward mechanism, Iowa Gambling Task

  18. En busca de una salud más participativa: compartiendo decisiones de salud

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulina Bravo

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available El modelo de atención en salud paternalista está derivando hacia modelos más participativos, como lo es la toma de decisiones compartidas (TDC, en el que se considera al paciente como agente responsable y autónomo. La TDC representa un enfoque terapéutico en el que profesionales y pacientes comparten la mejor evidencia científica disponible para tomar una decisión, incorporando los valores y preferencias del paciente. Este intercambio de información puede facilitarse mediante el uso de herramientas de ayuda para la TDC, que han demostrado ser efectivas para mejorar el conocimiento, la satisfacción del paciente, y reducir el conflicto decisional. En este sentido, las habilidades comunicacionales ejercen un rol fundamental en el establecimiento de la relación profesional - paciente, facilitando el intercambio de información y preferencias de manera efectiva y respetuosa. Esta aproximación terapéutica podría apoyar la reducción de las disparidades en salud que prevalecen en Latinoamérica, al facilitar que las personas puedan participar informada y activamente en el cuidado de su salud.

  19. En busca de una salud más participativa: compartiendo decisiones de salud

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulina Bravo

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available El modelo de atención en salud paternalista está derivando hacia modelos más participativos, como lo es la toma de decisiones compartidas (TDC, en el que se considera al paciente como agente responsable y autónomo. La TDC representa un enfoque terapéutico en el que profesionales y pacientes comparten la mejor evidencia científica disponible para tomar una decisión, incorporando los valores y preferencias del paciente. Este intercambio de información puede facilitarse mediante el uso de herramientas de ayuda para la TDC, que han demostrado ser efectivas para mejorar el conocimiento, la satisfacción del paciente, y reducir el conflicto decisional. En este sentido, las habilidades comunicacionales ejercen un rol fundamental en el establecimiento de la relación profesional - paciente, facilitando el intercambio de información y preferencias de manera efectiva y respetuosa. Esta aproximación terapéutica podría apoyar la reducción de las disparidades en salud que prevalecen en Latinoamérica, al facilitar que las personas puedan participar informada y activamente en el cuidado de su salud.

  20. Decisional impairments in cocaine addiction, reward bias, and cortical oscillation “unbalance”

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balconi, Michela; Finocchiaro, Roberta

    2015-01-01

    A vast amount of research has suggested that subjects with substance use disorder (SUD) might have difficulty making advantageous decisions that opt in favor of a longer-term, larger reward than an immediate, smaller reward. The current research explored the impact of reward bias and cortical frontal asymmetry (left lateralization effect) in SUD in response to a decisional task (Iowa Gambling Task). Fifty SUD participants and 40 controls (CG) were tested using the Iowa Gambling Task. Electrophysiology (electroencephalography) recording was performed during task execution. We measured left and right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex power activity. Behavioral responses (gain/loss options); frequency band modulation (asymmetry index) for delta, theta, alpha, and beta band; and cortical source localization (standardized low-resolution brain electromagnetic tomography) were considered. The SUD group opted in favor of the immediate reward option (loss) more frequently than the long-term option (gain) when compared to the CG. Secondly, SUD showed increased left-hemisphere activation in response to losing (with immediate reward) choices in comparison with the CG. The left hemispheric unbalance effect and the “reward bias” were adduced to explain the decisional impairment in SUD. PMID:25848274

  1. 76 FR 22003 - Delegation of Functions and Authority Under Sections 315 and 325 of Title 32, United States Code

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-20

    ... in the Federal Register. (Presidential Sig.) THE WHITE HOUSE, Washington, April 14, 2011 [FR Doc... 325 of Title 32, United States Code Memorandum for the Secretary of Defense By the authority vested in... 301 of title 3, United States Code, I hereby delegate to you: (a) the functions and authority of...

  2. The use of a memorandum of understanding to enhance inter-agency security arrangements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper centres on the mutual benefits that can be derived from entering into agreements with other agencies. With regard to the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) and its policy, a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) is a signed or unsigned written record of understanding or agreement, other than a contract between the RCMP and any other participant, whereby the participants describe arrangements to provide or receive services or assistance or engage in joint activities. In view of the incredible speed of technological developments and the high cost associated with these new developments, no country can expect to possess all of the information relating to a particular area. Each country possesses special skills, abilities and expertise that may not be available in anther country. Countries should build upon the existing expertise and, wherever practical, share and use these resources for their mutual benefit. The RCMP Legal Service reviews all MOUs to ensure that they conform to legal principles. There are also ministerial directives which offer guidance to the RCMP when establishing agreements or MOUs. (author)

  3. Los contextos parentales y académicos y los valores laborales en la toma de decisiones en Bachillerato

    OpenAIRE

    Cortés Pascual, P. Alejandra; Conchado Peiró, Andrea

    2012-01-01

    El contexto familiar y académico, y los valores laborales son factores considerados para indagar la toma de decisiones de alumnado de 2º de Bachillerato de la Comunidad Aragonesa hacia el mundo universitario. Método: Tras un muestreo probabilístico aleatorio estratificado, 1568 discentes (60% mujeres y 40% hombres) responden al ¿Cuestionario Orientauni¿. Resultados: Se aprecian diferencias en relación al sexo y las decisiones universitarias. Resalta la autodeterminación y la influencia de los...

  4. La hoja de cálculo como herramienta de toma de decisiones: aplicación a la PYME

    OpenAIRE

    Marín Blaya, Pedro Gabriel

    2015-01-01

    La toma de decisiones es algo innato en el ser humano. Son situaciones que vivimos prácticamente a diario, a veces, hasta inconscientemente. Sin embargo, son muchos los factores que debemos de tener en cuenta cuando nos enfrentamos a decisiones difíciles, como por ejemplo, decidir hacer una carrera, o elegir un trabajo. En estos casos, deberemos analizar toda la información de la que disponemos. Tendremos que observar nuestra situación actual, nuestro nivel económico, nuestras inquietudes,...

  5. Toma de decisiones en sistemas dinámicos no lineales: Una perspectiva psicosociológica.

    OpenAIRE

    Benedicto Carrillo, Emilio C.

    2016-01-01

    El estudio de la toma de decisiones ha sido abordado desde muy diversos puntos de vistas, desarrollando desde ellos distintas teorías. La psicología social también ha abordado este tema, principalmente en los estudios de la racionalidad humana. Este trabajo plantea el estudio de la toma de decisiones desde dos perspectivas, una primera desde una Psicología social crítica que cree que los fenómenos sociales tienen un carácter simbólico, dialéctico e histórico y, una segunda, la teoría de la co...

  6. Especificación e implementación de agentes inteligentes para el soporte a la toma de decisiones

    OpenAIRE

    Budán, Maximiliano; Simari, Guillermo Ricardo; Costaguta, Rosanna

    2011-01-01

    El objetivo general de esta línea de investigación es estudiar en el contexto de un sistema multi-agente (MAS), la problemática asociada con la especificación e implementación de un agente inteligente deliberativo con la capacidad de brindar apoyo a la toma de decisiones. Uno de los objetivos particulares es el diseño y la realización computacional de una arquitectura para un agente autónomo con la capacidad de contribuir a la toma de decisiones en un entorno MAS colaborativo.

  7. Memorandum of understanding for the TWRS characterization retrieval project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    During fiscal year 1999, various programs and projects will require analyses from the 222-S Laboratory. In order to prioritize and successfully meet the analytical demands of all the customers, multiple organizations across the Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS) must work together. One of the projects that will require analyses from the 222-S Laboratory is the retrieval project. Successful completion of retrieval project objectives requires cooperation among four TWRS organizations. The requirements and expectations regarding retrieval project analytical work were examined in order to define roles and responsibilities for each of these TWRS organizations. This memorandum of understanding (MOU) documents the results of this review and establishes the roles and responsibilities. This MOU is subdivided into three sections, the first of which is this introduction. Section 2 provides a summary of the overall roles and responsibilities with respect to retrieval project analytical work for the four TWRS organizations involved. The final section describes the individual interfaces involved in performing retrieval project analytical work, and discusses the roles and responsibilities with respect to each individual interface

  8. Stages of Change, Decisional Balance, and Self-Efficacy in Condom Use Among Rural African-American Stimulant Users

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, Patricia B.; Booth, Brenda M.; Feldman, Zachary; Stewart, Katharine E.

    2009-01-01

    This pilot study (a) examined the stages of change (SOC) for condom use with primary and casual partners among rural heterosexual African American stimulant users, (b) identified gender differences in variables associated with SOC, and (c) assessed the association of SOC with decisional balance and self-efficacy. Seventy-two participants completed the study. SOC with a primary partner was much lower than SOC with a casual partner, indicating more consistent condom use with casual partners. Significant gender differences existed in decisional balance for condom use for both primary (p = 0.02) and casual partners (p = 0.03), with women having higher decisional balance scores than men. Women also reported higher self-efficacy scores for condom use with casual partners than men. In regression models, age, decisional balance, and self-efficacy were significantly associated with SOC for condom use with a primary partner; however, only self-efficacy was significantly associated with SOC with casual partners. The findings provide support for the development of interventions that promote the advantages of and increase self-efficacy for condom use. PMID:19887285

  9. Aplicación de las opciones reales en la toma de decisiones en los mercados de electricidad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felipe Isaza Cuervo

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Las decisiones estratégicas en los mercados de electricidad están sujetas a un alto riesgo e incertidumbre; en consecuencia, las opciones reales aparecen como una alternativa para la toma de decisiones en dichos mercados. En el presente artículo se realiza una revisión de literatura analizando y clasificando aplicacio- nes de opciones reales sobre decisiones de inversión, operación, y de políticas y programas energéticos. Además se presenta un ejemplo sintético de aplicación teórico utilizando un modelo binomial para incor- porar energía eólica en vez de térmica de acuerdo con la volatilidad de los precios del carbón. Se concluye que las opciones reales permiten tomar mejores decisiones que los métodos tradicionales, pues capturan a través de sus múltiples modelos las diferentes incertidumbres propias de estos mercados.

  10. Sobre la toma de decisiones económicas bajo incertidumbre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aurora García Gallego

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo resumimos la evolución de la Teoría Económica sobre la toma de decisiones bajo incertidumbre. Tras una breve introducción a la teoría de la Utilidad Esperada, nos referimos a comportamientos paradójicos que obligaron a los economistas a adoptar teorías menos simplistas que permitieran explicar un mayor abanico de fenómenos. La mayor complejidad conlleva una descripción multidimensional de las actitudes humanas frente al riesgo económico. Sin embargo, las mediciones de la actitud frente al riesgo utilizadas por los economistas continúan siendo, en su mayoría, unidimensionales.

  11. Diseño de sistema experto para toma de decisiones de compra de materiales

    OpenAIRE

    Carlos A. Torres Navarro; Javier A. Córdova Neira

    2014-01-01

    El objetivo de esta investigación es verificar la factibilidad de integración entre las teorías de inventarios y de sistemas expertos a través del diseño de un sistema informático basado en el conocimiento para apoyar el proceso de toma de decisiones en el área de logística y abastecimiento de una empresa forestal líder en Latino América. La metodología utilizada consistió en una revisión de publicaciones científicas de acceso online sobre modelos de inventarios, criterios de clasificación mu...

  12. Las voluntades anticipadas y su utilización en la toma de decisiones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nuria Terribas Sala

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Enfrentar la muerte como final inevitable de todo ser humano es una cuestión que ha preocupado a la humanidad desde sus orígenes y ha motivado innumerable literatura en todos los tiempos. Quizás por esta razón, la actuación del profesional sanitario en el tramo final de la vida de sus pacientes se ha enmarado tradicionalmente en la toma de decisiones individuales o bien de forma conjunta con la familia del enfermo, debatiéndose entre su máxima aspiración de salvar esa vida y la aceptación del desenlace inevitable como consecuencia de la enfermedad.

  13. Decisional Processes with Boolean Neural Network: the Emergence of Mental Schemes

    CERN Document Server

    Barnabei, Graziano; Conversano, Ciro; Lensi, Elena

    2010-01-01

    Human decisional processes result from the employment of selected quantities of relevant information, generally synthesized from environmental incoming data and stored memories. Their main goal is the production of an appropriate and adaptive response to a cognitive or behavioral task. Different strategies of response production can be adopted, among which haphazard trials, formation of mental schemes and heuristics. In this paper, we propose a model of Boolean neural network that incorporates these strategies by recurring to global optimization strategies during the learning session. The model characterizes as well the passage from an unstructured/chaotic attractor neural network typical of data-driven processes to a faster one, forward-only and representative of schema-driven processes. Moreover, a simplified version of the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) is introduced in order to test the model. Our results match with experimental data and point out some relevant knowledge coming from psychological domain.

  14. El gobierno electrónico. Una herramienta estratégica de toma de decisiones.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diego Fernando Cardona Madariaga

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available El gobierno electrónico ha evolucionado desde la década de los noventa como herramienta de apoyo estatal para desarrollar su función de servicio a los ciudadamos. Dentro de la creciente tendencia por aplicar conceptos clásicos de la gestión privada en el ámbito público, es clave identificar las Tecnologias de la Información y las Comunicaciones (TIC como elemento de apoyo y no como un fin, de tal manera que soporten el proceso de toma de decisiones ejecutado por los gestores públicos. Para justificar esta aseveración, se presentan los conceptos básicos relacionados con gobierno electrónico y su relevancia internacional, para terminar planteando un reto a nuestros dirigentes en el sentido de aprovechar esta herramienta para acercarse a la ciudadanía.

  15. El proceso cognitivo de la toma de decisiones en la enfermedad de Alzheimer

    OpenAIRE

    María Rita Malm Morgan; Sebastián Urquijo; Fernanda López; Mariela Licitra; Ana Comesaña; Marisa Rodríguez; Ignacio Brusco

    2015-01-01

    El objetivo de este trabajo es describir, desde la neuropsicología, el proceso de Toma de Decisiones (TD) en sujetos que padecen la Enfermedad de Alzheimer (EA). Para ello, se estableció una comparación del desempeño en TD de 40 sujetos con diagnóstico de enfermedad de Alzheimer con el desempeño de un grupo control de 40 sujetos sin diagnóstico de enfermedad neurológica y /o psiquiátrica, pareados por NSEC. El desempeño en la TD se evaluó con la tarea de Game Dice Task (GDT) –Tarea del Juego ...

  16. Author guidelines

    OpenAIRE

    Chief Editor

    2014-01-01

    AUTHOR GUIDELINESIndian Journal of Community Health (IJCH) accepts only online submission of manuscript(s) by using Open Journal software (OJS) at http://www.iapsmupuk.org/journal/index.php/IJCH/loginOnline SubmissionsAlready have a Username/Password for Indian Journal of Community Health (IJCH)? GO TO LOGINNeed a Username/Password?GO TO REGISTRATIONNote: Registration and login are required to submit items online and to track the status of current submissions.Author GuidelinesIJCH strictly ad...

  17. Author Guidelines

    OpenAIRE

    Chief Editor

    2015-01-01

    Author GuidelinesIJCH strictly adheres on the recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals as per the standard universal guidelines given by International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE - Recommendations for Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts). Authors are requested to visit http://www.icmje.org/index.html before making online submission of their manuscript(s).SectionsEditorial:On issues of current public health needA...

  18. Subjective and objective knowledge and decisional role preferences in cerebrovascular patients compared to controls

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riechel, Christina; Alegiani, Anna Christina; Köpke, Sascha; Kasper, Jürgen; Rosenkranz, Michael; Thomalla, Götz; Heesen, Christoph

    2016-01-01

    Background Risk knowledge and active role preferences are important for patient involvement in treatment decision-making and adherence. Although knowledge about stroke warning signs and risk factors has received considerable attention, objective knowledge on secondary prevention and further self-esteem subjective knowledge have rarely been studied. The aim of our study was to investigate knowledge and treatment decisional role preferences in cerebrovascular patients compared to controls. Methods We performed a survey on subjective and objective stroke risk knowledge and autonomy preferences in cerebrovascular patients from our stroke outpatient clinic (n=262) and from pedestrians on the street taken as controls during a “World Stroke Day” (n=274). The questionnaire includes measures for knowledge and decisional role preferences from previously published questionnaires and newly developed measures, for example, subjective knowledge, revealed on a visual analog scale. Results The overall stroke knowledge was low to moderate, with no differences between patients and controls. Knowledge about secondary prevention was particularly low. Only 10%–15% of participants correctly estimated the stroke absolute risk reduction potential of aspirin. The medical data interpretation competence was moderate in both groups. Age and basic mathematical and statistical understanding (numeracy) were the only independent predictors of objective stroke knowledge, whereas previous stroke had no impact on stroke knowledge. However, patients were thought to be better informed than controls. Approximately 60% of both patients and controls claimed to prefer a shared decision-making approach in treatment decisions. Conclusion The level of stroke risk knowledge in patients with cerebrovascular diseases was as low as in randomly selected pedestrians, although patients felt better informed. Both groups preferred involvement in treatment decision-making. We conclude that educational concepts

  19. Estrategias para la toma de decisiones sobre costos en un proceso productivo. Toma de decisiones sobre costos en la pesca del atún

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gladys Fernández de H.

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available La contabilidad de costos ha adquirido un papel fundamental dentro de las organizaciones modernas, considerándose una herramienta valiosa en el control y la toma de decisiones estratégi- cas, utilizando para ello nuevas técnicas, tales como el costeo basado en actividades (ABC y el en- foque de la cadena de valor, a través de los cuales se controlan las actividades desempeñadas en los procesos y se logra el entendimiento del comportamiento de los costos. En este sentido se seleccio- nó el proceso de pesca del atún para identificar las actividades que intervienen en el mismo y dife- renciar aquellas que agregan o no valor al producto. Se tomó como muestra un barco atunero, por el método del muestreo aleatorio al azar simple, para garantizar la representatividad de la misma. El estudio se realizó aplicando técnicas de recolección de información, tales como la entrevista y la ob- servación directa. Con la identificación de actividades se espera que la empresa encargada del pro- ceso de pesca del atún pueda realizar un mejor control de estas y alcanzar un nivel de desempeño por actividad, a la vez que permita la planificación de las mismas. Se determinó además las actividades que no agregan valor, en las cuales se pueden lograr reducciones de costos.

  20. Action Memorandum for Decommissioning the Engineering Test Reactor Complex under the Idaho Cleanup Project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Action Memorandum documents the selected alternative for decommissioning of the Engineering Test Reactor at the Idaho National Laboratory under the Idaho Cleanup Project. Since the missions of the Engineering Test Reactor Complex have been completed, an engineering evaluation/cost analysis that evaluated alternatives to accomplish the decommissioning of the Engineering Test Reactor Complex was prepared and released for public comment. The scope of this Action Memorandum is to encompass the final end state of the Complex and disposal of the Engineering Test Reactor vessel. The selected removal action includes removing and disposing of the vessel at the Idaho CERCLA Disposal Facility and demolishing the reactor building to ground surface

  1. Action Memorandum for the Engineering Test Reactor under the Idaho Cleanup Project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    A. B. Culp

    2007-01-26

    This Action Memorandum documents the selected alternative for decommissioning of the Engineering Test Reactor at the Idaho National Laboratory under the Idaho Cleanup Project. Since the missions of the Engineering Test Reactor Complex have been completed, an engineering evaluation/cost analysis that evaluated alternatives to accomplish the decommissioning of the Engineering Test Reactor Complex was prepared adn released for public comment. The scope of this Action Memorandum is to encompass the final end state of the Complex and disposal of the Engineering Test Reactor vessol. The selected removal action includes removing and disposing of the vessel at the Idaho CERCLA Disposal Facility and demolishing the reactor building to ground surface.

  2. AUTHOR GUIDELINES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chief Editor

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available AUTHOR GUIDELINESIndian Journal of Community Health (IJCH accepts only online submission of manuscript(s by using Open Journal software (OJS at http://www.iapsmupuk.org/journal/index.php/IJCH/loginOnline SubmissionsAlready have a Username/Password for Indian Journal of Community Health (IJCH? GO TO LOGINNeed a Username/Password?GO TO REGISTRATIONNote: Registration and login are required to submit items online and to track the status of current submissions.Author GuidelinesIJCH strictly adheres on the recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals as per the standard universal guidelines given by International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE - Recommendations for Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts. Authors are requested to visit http://www.icmje.org/index.html before making online submission of their manuscript(s.SectionsEditorial:On issues of current public health needAbout 1000 – 1200 wordsReferences: 5 – 10 (PubMed - Citation preferredInvited Commentary:Brief, provocative, opinionated communicationsOn issues of current public health needMain Text: 750-1000 words excluding referencesReferences: 5 – 10 (PubMed - Citation preferredOriginal Article:Articles from Original ResearchStructured abstract: 250 wordsMain Text: 2500 - 3000 words, IMRD formatKey Words: 5 - 8References: 20 – 25 (PubMed - Citation preferredTables / Figures: 3 – 4*Certificate of clearance from respective Institutional Ethical Committee (IECReview Article:On subject of public health relevanceAbstract: 250 wordsMain Text: 2500 - 3000 wordsKey Words: 3 - 4References: 20 – 25 (PubMed - Citation preferredTables / Figures: 3 – 4Short Communication / Article:Short report of a research project / outbreakMain Text : 1000 – 1200 wordsReferences: 10 – 15 (PubMed - Citation preferredTable / Figure: 01*Certificate of clearance from respective Institutional Ethical Committee (IECReport from the field

  3. Evaluación económica y toma de decisiones en salud ambiental

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gutiérrez Zúñiga Cristina

    1994-01-01

    Full Text Available Ante el creciente deterioro ambiental y sus posibles consecuencias en la salud de la población resulta una prioridad indiscutible el diseño e instrumentación de políticas que controlen las actividades económicas bajo el criterio de protección a la salud humana y al ambiente mismo. Es preciso que dichas políticas consideren la factibilidad económica de las alternativas de protección existentes. Sin embargo, por la cantidad de intereses dentro del área ambiental, otros factores como el social y el político deben también ser considerados. La evaluación económica ha sido vista como un promisorio fundamento para la toma de decisiones en esta materia. Los autores analizan la capacidad de esta herramienta para organizar en forma sistemática y comparable los costos y los beneficios de alternativas para la solución de problemas ambientales. Se resumen las principales características de los estudios de costo-beneficio y costo-efectividad, las formas de evaluación económica del ambiente, y las particularidades de esta área para la aplicación de dichas técnicas de análisis. Se señalan los límites encontrados en estas herramientas para cuantificar los costos no monetarios de los riesgos ambientales y de los consecuentes daños a la salud, tales como el dolor, el sufrimiento ó la incapacidad de personas económicamente inactivas, constituyendo estos aspectos el reto metodológico de la evaluación económica en el área. Se reflexiona sobre la importancia de ampliar los insumos informativos para la toma de decisiones en materia de salud ambiental en aspectos como la distribución de los costos y los beneficios entre los distintos grupos sociales. Por último se señala tanto la creciente politización del tema ambiental, como la posibilidad técnica de manipulación de estas herramientas de análisis. Partiendo de estos elementos se señala la necesidad, por parte de los evaluadores, de ser conscientes sobre las implicaciones pol

  4. 78 FR 9573 - Delegation of Authority To Suspend the Provisions of Title III of the Cuban Liberty and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-08

    ... Sig.) THE WHITE HOUSE, Washington, January 31, 2013. [FR Doc. 2013-03110 Filed 2-7-13; 11:15 am... III of the Cuban Liberty and Democratic Solidarity (LIBERTAD) Act of 1996 Memorandum for the Secretary... the authority to suspend the provisions of title III of the Cuban Liberty and Democratic...

  5. 78 FR 72789 - Delegation of Authority Pursuant to Section 404(c) of the Child Soldiers Prevention Act of 2008...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-04

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office #0; #0; #0; Presidential Documents #0; #0; #0;#0;Federal Register / Vol. 78, No. 233 / Wednesday, December 4, 2013 /#0;#0; #0; #0;Title 3-- #0;The President ] Memorandum of August 2, 2013 Delegation of Authority Pursuant to Section 404(c) of the Child Soldiers Prevention Act of 2008, as...

  6. 76 FR 62597 - Fiscal Year 2012 Refugee Admissions Numbers and Authorizations of In-Country Refugee Status...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-11

    ..., Washington, September 30, 2011 [FR Doc. 2011-26331 Filed 10-7-11; 8:45 am] Billing code 4710-10-P ..., 2011 Fiscal Year 2012 Refugee Admissions Numbers and Authorizations of In-Country Refugee Status... Determination Pursuant to Section 2(b)(2) of the Migration and Refugee Assistance Act, as Amended Memorandum...

  7. 77 FR 61507 - Fiscal Year 2013 Refugee Admissions Numbers and Authorizations of In-Country Refugee Status...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-10

    .... [FR Doc. 2012-25035 Filed 10-9-12; 8:45 am] Billing code 4710-10-P ..., 2012 Fiscal Year 2013 Refugee Admissions Numbers and Authorizations of In-Country Refugee Status... Determination Pursuant to Section 2(b)(2) of the Migration and Refugee Assistance Act, as Amended Memorandum...

  8. Author Guidelines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chief Editor

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available AUTHOR GUIDELINES Indian Journal of Community Health (IJCH accepts only online submission of manuscript(s by using Open Journal software (OJS at http://www.iapsmupuk.org/journal/index.php/IJCH/login Online SubmissionsAlready have a Username/Password for Indian Journal of Community Health (IJCH? GO TO LOGINNeed a Username/Password?GO TO REGISTRATIONNote: Registration and login are required to submit items online and to track the status of current submissions.Author GuidelinesIJCH strictly adheres on the recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals as per the standard universal guidelines given by International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE - Recommendations for Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts. Authors are requested to visit http://www.icmje.org/index.html before making online submission of their manuscript(s. http://www.icmje.org/recommendations/browse/manuscript-preparation/preparing-for-submission.html Preparing for SubmissionGeneral PrinciplesReporting GuidelinesManuscript SectionsTitle PageAbstractIntroductionMethodsResultsDiscussionReferencesTablesIllustrations (FiguresUnits of MeasurementAbbreviations and Symbols 1. General PrinciplesThe text of articles reporting original research is usually divided into Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion sections. This so-called “IMRAD” structure is not an arbitrary publication format but a reflection of the process of scientific discovery. Articles often need subheadings within these sections to further organize their content. Other types of articles, such as meta-analyses, may require different formats, while case reports, narrative reviews, and editorials may have less structured or unstructured formats.Electronic formats have created opportunities for adding details or sections, layering information, cross-linking, or extracting portions of articles in electronic versions. Supplementary electronic

  9. Author Guidelines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chief Editor

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Author GuidelinesIJCH strictly adheres on the recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals as per the standard universal guidelines given by International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE - Recommendations for Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts. Authors are requested to visit http://www.icmje.org/index.html before making online submission of their manuscript(s.  http://www.icmje.org/recommendations/browse/manuscript-preparation/preparing-for-submission.html Preparing for SubmissionPAGE CONTENTSGeneral PrinciplesReporting GuidelinesManuscript SectionsTitle PageAbstractIntroductionMethodsResultsDiscussionReferencesTablesIllustrations (FiguresUnits of MeasurementAbbreviations and Symbols1. General PrinciplesThe text of articles reporting original research is usually divided into Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion sections. This so-called “IMRAD” structure is not an arbitrary publication format but a reflection of the process of scientific discovery. Articles often need subheadings within these sections to further organize their content. Other types of articles, such as meta-analyses, may require different formats, while case reports, narrative reviews, and editorials may have less structured or unstructured formats.Electronic formats have created opportunities for adding details or sections, layering information, cross-linking, or extracting portions of articles in electronic versions. Supplementary electronic-only material should be submitted and sent for peer review simultaneously with the primary manuscript.2. Reporting GuidelinesReporting guidelines have been developed for different study designs; examples include CONSORT for randomized trials, STROBE for observational studies, PRISMA for systematic reviews and meta-analyses, and STARD for studies of diagnostic accuracy. Journals are encouraged to ask authors to follow these guidelines because

  10. erfiles decisionales de jugadores y jugadoras de voleibol de diferente nivel de pericia. (Decisional profiles of volleyball players of different expertise level.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Virginia García Coll

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available ResumenLa toma de decisiones por parte de los deportistas se viene estudiando como un tipo de habilidad cognitiva. En este estudio se parte de una perspectiva motivacional y emocional de la toma de decisiones en el deporte, que ha recibido una menor atención en la literatura. Se aplica el Cuestionario de Estilos de Toma de Decisión en el Deporte-CETD (Ruiz y Graupera, 2005 que evalúa tres escalas: Competencia Decisional Percibida, Ansiedad y Agobio al Decidir y Compromiso en el Aprendizaje Decisional. Se toma una muestra de 121 jugadoras (76 y jugadores (45 de voleibol de diferente nivel de pericia deportiva: autonómico, nacional e internacional. Los resultados muestran que las escalas del cuestionario tienen una buena fiabilidad cuando se aplican a muestras mono-deportivas. Las jugadoras y jugadores de voleibol tienen un perfil decisional muy similar (no se encuentran diferencias significativas, con una moderada percepción de competencia, baja ansiedad y alto compromiso (perfil en V. Según aumenta el nivel deportivo se incrementa moderadamente el compromiso y la percepción de competencia, mientras que decrece considerablemente la ansiedad ante la toma de decisiones. Como consecuencia el perfil en V del nivel internacional es considerablemente más cerrado que el de los niveles deportivos inferiores. Palabras clave: ansiedad; competencia percibida; decisión; deporte colectivo; pericia deportiva. Abstract Decision making in sport has been studied as a kind of cognitive skill. This study has been developed from a motivacional and emotional point of view and this question has received little attention in the scientific literature. It was applied the Decision Making Style Questionnaire-CETD (Ruiz y Graupera, 2005 that assess three scales: Perceived Decisional Competence, Anxiety and Strain to Decide and Commitment for learning how to decide. One hundred and twenty one voleyball players participated (76 female and 45 male of differente level

  11. UN SISTEMA EXPERTO PARA ASISTIR DECISIONES TURÍSTICAS. DISEÑO DE UN PROTOTIPO BASADO EN WEB

    OpenAIRE

    Carlos R. Primorac; Sonia I. Mariño

    2011-01-01

    El estudio del comportamiento del consumidor del turismo es una actividad compleja en el cual intervienen numerosas variables. Los sistemas expertos actúan como asistentes y auxiliares complejos de gran utilidad, brindando ayuda efectiva en aquellos trabajos que requieren responsabilidad, competencia e intuición. Se presenta un prototipo de Sistema Experto, basado en plataforma Web, para asistir a los potenciales turistas en sus decisiones. El sistema recomienda un destino de acuerdo a las pr...

  12. Shared decision-making in mental health care—A user perspective on decisional needs in community-based services

    OpenAIRE

    Katarina Grim; David Rosenberg; Petra Svedberg; Ulla-Karin Schön

    2016-01-01

    Background: Shared decision-making (SDM) is an emergent research topic in the field of mental health care and is considered to be a central component of a recovery-oriented system. Despite the evidence suggesting the benefits of this change in the power relationship between users and practitioners, the method has not been widely implemented in clinical practice. Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate decisional and information needs among users with mental illness as a prer...

  13. Shared decision-making in mental health care - A user perspective on decisional needs in community-based services

    OpenAIRE

    Grim, Katarina; Rosenberg, David; Svedberg, Petra; Schön, Ulla-Karin

    2016-01-01

    Background: Shared decision-making (SDM) is an emergent research topic in the field of mental health care and is considered to be a central component of a recovery-oriented system. Despite the evidence suggesting the benefits of this change in the power relationship between users and practitioners, the method has not been widely implemented in clinical practice.Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate decisional and information needs among users with mental illness as a prere...

  14. Shared decision-making in mental health care—A user perspective on decisional needs in community-based services

    OpenAIRE

    Grim, Katarina; Rosenberg, David; Svedberg, Petra; Schön, Ulla-Karin

    2016-01-01

    Background Shared decision-making (SDM) is an emergent research topic in the field of mental health care and is considered to be a central component of a recovery-oriented system. Despite the evidence suggesting the benefits of this change in the power relationship between users and practitioners, the method has not been widely implemented in clinical practice. Objective The objective of this study was to investigate decisional and information needs among users with mental illness as a prereq...

  15. Shared decision-making in mental health care—A user perspective on decisional needs in community-based services

    OpenAIRE

    Grim, Katarina; Rosenberg, David; Svedberg, Petra; Schön, Ulla-Karin

    2016-01-01

    Background: Shared decision-making (SDM) is an emergent research topic in the field of mental health care and is considered to be a central component of a recovery-oriented system. Despite the evidence suggesting the benefits of this change in the power relationship between users and practitioners, the method has not been widely implemented in clinical practice.Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate decisional and information needs among users with mental illness as a prere...

  16. Testing Demographic Differences for Alcohol Use Initiation among Adolescents for the Decisional Balance and Situational Temptations Prevention Inventories

    OpenAIRE

    Sillice, Marie A.; Andrea L. Paiva; Babbin, Steven F; McGee, Heather A.; Rossi, Joseph R.; REDDING, Colleen A.; Meier, Kathryn S.; Oatley, Karin; Velicer, Wayne F

    2014-01-01

    Alcohol use by middle school-aged students is a public health concern because of the numerous adverse social, health and psychological outcomes. Prevention programs attempt to intervene before alcohol use begins. A tailored, computer-delivered program for the prevention of alcohol use and a series of new transtheoretical model measures were developed, including decisional balance (Pros and Cons) of alcohol use and Situational Temptations to Try Alcohol. This study investigated if there were a...

  17. El proceso cognitivo de la toma de decisiones en la enfermedad de Alzheimer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Rita Malm Morgan

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este trabajo es describir, desde la neuropsicología, el proceso de Toma de Decisiones (TD en sujetos que padecen la Enfermedad de Alzheimer (EA. Para ello, se estableció una comparación del desempeño en TD de 40 sujetos con diagnóstico de enfermedad de Alzheimer con el desempeño de un grupo control de 40 sujetos sin diagnóstico de enfermedad neurológica y /o psiquiátrica, pareados por NSEC. El desempeño en la TD se evaluó con la tarea de Game Dice Task (GDT –Tarea del Juego de los Dados de Brand–. También se aplicaron otras pruebas y tareas de evaluación cognitiva para determinar la relación de la TD con otras Funciones Ejecutivas (FE. Los resultados permitieron establecer que el proceso de TD se deteriora desde los comienzos de la enfermedad, evidenciando que el desempeño de los sujetos con EA es significativamente inferior al de los sujetos sanos, con un porcentaje mayor de respuestas de riesgo y aumentos significativos de los tiempos de respuesta. También se observó deterioro en todas las funciones ejecutivas evaluadas. El trabajo provee evidencia empírica que soporta la idea de que la TD se encuentra estrechamente relacionada a las demás FE.

  18. Funciones de la corteza prefrontal ventromedial en la toma de decisiones emocionales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Contreras

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available La corteza prefrontal ventromedial (VMPFC ha sido implicada en la toma de decisiones emocionales debido a su posible participación en el aprendizaje de inversión afectivo, la propensión al riesgo y la impulsividad. Su especial entramado de conexiones con otras áreas de la corteza y con estructuras subcorticales como la amígdala justifican que pueda tener un papel de interfase entre cognición y emoción, y desempeñar una función fundamental en la regulación y el control del comportamiento. En este trabajo revisamos estudios realizados con la tarea de apuestas de Iowa, tareas de aprendizaje de inversión afectivo, tareas de apuestas con diferente varianza para medir la propensión al riesgo y tareas que introducen demora temporal de la recompensa para evaluar la impulsividad. Los datos obtenidos en esos trabajos con pacientes lesionados en la VMPFC o en otras áreas prefrontales y controles no lesionados, y datos conductuales y de actividad cerebral pueden interpretarse mejor si asumimos que la VMPFC está encargada de representar la expectativa de refuerzo. La representación de un reforzador esperado incluye la demora del reforzador, y la varianza de su magnitud.

  19. Cambio social y decisiones comunitarias. Análisis de factores psicosociales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erick Roth

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo pone de manifiesto la importancia de entender el desarrollo comunitario como parte inseparable de la dinámica del cambio social, influenciada por una serie de variables psicológicas y socioculturales y que culminan en forma de decisiones de aceptación y rechazo de la innovación. En el artículo se analiza el desarrollo comunitario como un producto complejo de un impulso de naturaleza externa al que se denomina "implantación" y de un proceso de aceptación e integración de la innovación al sistema comunitario, al que se identifica como "asimilación". El análisis se centra exclusivamente en la consideración del proceso de implantación, identificando sus elementos constituyentes: la necesidad de la implantación, las relaciones para la implantación y la generalización y sostenibilidad de la innovación.

  20. Decisional procrastination of school-to-work transition: Personality correlates of career indecision

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bańka Augustyn

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Procrastination as putting off until tomorrow what one had intended to do today is well-known tendency in everyday life. In an attempt to understand the character of procrastination in different life-domains, a large body of research has been accumulated over the last decades. This article was aimed to evaluate a specific decisional procrastination of school-to-work transition (SWT that is treated as maturity postponement. Two studies are reported examining SWT procrastination defined as career indecision among Polish students graduating universities. In Study 1 (N=366, attitudinal and identity statuses were analyzed as correlates of career procrastination. A path analysis conducted for the model, which was aimed to explain the influence of career self-efficacy and occupational commitment on career indecision (dependent variable, revealed its very good fitness (RMSEA=.000. Those two independent variables explain 10% of career indecision variance. Stepwise multiple regression analyses conducted to ascertain relationship of five identity statuses (Brzezińska, Piotrowski, 2010 to procrastination measure (career indecision showed that Commitment Making and Ruminative Exploration are strongest predictor variables. In study 2 (N=157, the stepwise multiple regression analyses conducted to ascertain the independent relationship of each of Big Five personality factor revealed that Neuroticism and Extraversion accounts of the most of explained variance of school-to-work transition procrastination.

  1. Validation of decisional balance inventory test in Italian: assessment of motivation in weight loss

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Giulia Falchi

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The decisional balance inventory (DBI test is a valuable tool to assess motivation to change; we consider its application in enhancing motivation of losing weight. Our aim is the translation, cultural adaption and validation in Italian of this test originally designed and drafted in English. The questionnaire has been translated according to an English → Italian → Italian → English algorithm with reconciliation of the differences. Pilot study and retests were performed on 47 cases [body mass index (BMI ≥30 kg/m2] and 15 controls (BMI value between 18.5 and 25 kg/m2. The internal consistency of the Italian version of DBI test, was satisfied (Cronbach α 0.87 on patients; test-retest shows a good concordance in pilot [Lin’s concordance correlation coefficient (CCC 0.79; 95% confidence interval (CI 0.68-0.90] and in patient sample (Lin’s CCC 0.83; 95% CI: 0.67 0.99.Our study demonstrated the trans-cultural adaptation and validation of DBI test in Italian.

  2. THE INTERNATIONALIZATION OF SMES. A SYNTHETIC ANALYSIS OF THE DECISIONAL FACTORS AND PROCESS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Livia Oltean

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Having an increased complexity, the internationalization process of small and medium- sized enterprises (SMEs becomes, in the context of globalization and of the freedom of circulation of goods, services, and capital, a decisive factor of both the evolution of the company and the economic force distribution report on the market. The evolution of the world economic system opened a wide action field for small and medium sized companies, who had to adapt to new rules. The internationalization of SMEs is no longer an option, but it becomes a condition of their existence. A high importance in this process belongs to the way decisions are made, both regarding the target market and the entry option, the way entry barriers are overcome and the promotional techniques in this extended business environment. A synthetic analysis of the decisional factors and process is needed in order to fully and correctly understand the internationalization strategies adopted by SMEs. This paper is built around three major objectives, with the scope of determining the SMEs’ internationalization decisions, as well s the impediments met in the process. The paper contributes to the literature in the field of the internationalization of SMEs through the analysis and interpretation of the results acquired during the study regarding their behavior towards the activity expansion on international markets.

  3. Author Guidelines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yunisrina Qismullah Yusuf

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Guidelines for Article Submission SiELE journal accepts articles on research and development in the field of teaching and learning of English, linguistics, educational development, policy and cultural studies in education. To be considered for publication, the article should be presented in the following system: First page: include a title page with the full title of the paper (must not exceed 16 words, the author(s’ name(s, affiliation(s, phone number(s and e-mail address of the corresponding author. A brief bio-data of the author(s (maximum of 100 words is provided in this page. Second p age and subsequent page: Submissions should be between 4000-6000 (including abstract, table(s, figure(s and references in A4 size paper with margins as the following: top 3 cm, bottom 3 cm, right 2.5 cm and left 4 cm. The font is Times New Roman, size 12 and single spaced. The article should generally consist of the following sections: introduction, review of literature, method, findings, discussion and conclusion. Headings and subheadings should be presented as follows (provide a space between the headings and sub-headings. 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Subheading of the Content 1.1.1 Subheading of the Content For Tables, the title size is 12 and the content size is 10. Please number the tables subsequently throughout your article and the title is written above the table. For Figures, the title size is 12 and the content size (if any is 10. Please number the figures subsequently throughout your article and the title is written below the figure. The reference list should be arranged alphabetically following the guidelines of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (5th ed.. See the following examples:   Book: Ellis, R. (2003. Task-based language learning and teaching. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Internet source: Andrewes, S. (2003. Group work v. whole-class activities. Retrieved October 1, 2012 from http://www.teachingenglish.org

  4. Author Guidelines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yunisrina Qismullah Yusuf

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Guidelines for Article Submission SiELE journal accepts articles on research and development in the field of teaching and learning of English, linguistics, educational development, policy and cultural studies in education.To be considered for publication, the article should be presented in the following system:First page: include a title page with the full title of the paper (must not exceed 16 words, the author(s’ name(s, affiliation(s, phone number(s and e-mail address of the corresponding author. A brief bio-data of the author(s (maximum of 100 words is provided in this page.Second page and subsequent page: Submissions should be between 4000-6000 (including abstract, table(s, figure(s and references in A4 size paper with margins as the following: top 3 cm, bottom 3 cm, right 2.5 cm and left 4 cm. The font is Times New Roman, size 12 and single spaced. The article should generally consist of the following sections: introduction, review of literature, method, findings, discussion and conclusion.Headings and subheadings should be presented as follows (provide a space between the headings and sub-headings. 1         INTRODUCTION1.1      Subheading of the content 1.1.1   Subheading of the content  For Tables, the title size is 12 and the content size is 10. Please number the tables subsequently throughout your article and the title is written above the table.For Figures, the title size is 12 and the content size (if any is 10. Please number the figures subsequently throughout your article and the title is written below the figure.The reference list should be arranged alphabetically following the guidelines of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (5th ed.. See the following examples: Book: Ellis, R. (2003. Task-based language learning and teaching. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Internet source: Andrewes, S. (2003. Group work v. whole-class activities. Retrieved October 1, 2012 from http://www

  5. Author Guidelines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yunisrina Qismullah Yusuf

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Guidelines for Article Submission SiELE journal accepts articles on research and development in the field of teaching and learning of English, linguistics, educational development, policy and cultural studies in education.To be considered for publication, the article should be presented in the following system:First page: include a title page with the full title of the paper (must not exceed 16 words, the author(s’ name(s, affiliation(s, phone number(s and e-mail address of the corresponding author. A brief bio-data of the author(s (maximum of 100 words is provided in this page.Second page and subsequent page: Submissions should be between 4000-6000 (including abstract, table(s, figure(s and references in A4 size paper with margins as the following: top 3 cm, bottom 3 cm, right 2.5 cm and left 4 cm. The font is Times New Roman, size 12 and single spaced. The article should generally consist of the following sections: introduction, review of literature, method, findings, discussion and conclusion.Headings and subheadings should be presented as follows (provide a space between the headings and sub-headings. 1         INTRODUCTION1.1      Subheading of the Content 1.1.1   Subheading of the Content  For Tables, the title size is 12 and the content size is 10. Please number the tables subsequently throughout your article and the title is written above the table.For Figures, the title size is 12 and the content size (if any is 10. Please number the figures subsequently throughout your article and the title is written below the figure.The reference list should be arranged alphabetically following the guidelines of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (5th ed.. See the following examples: Book: Ellis, R. (2003. Task-based language learning and teaching. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Internet source: Andrewes, S. (2003. Group work v. whole-class activities. Retrieved October 1, 2012 from http://www

  6. Author Guidelines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yunisrina Qismullah Yusuf

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Guidelines for Article Submission SiELE journal accepts articles on research and development in the field of teaching and learning of English, linguistics, educational development, policy and cultural studies in education. To be considered for publication, the article should be presented in the following system: First page: include a title page with the full title of the paper (must not exceed 16 words, the author(s’ name(s, affiliation(s, phone number(s and e-mail address of the corresponding author. A brief bio-data of the author(s (maximum of 100 words is provided in this page. Second page and subsequent page: Submissions should be between 4000-6000 (including abstract, table(s, figure(s and references in A4 size paper with margins as the following: top 3 cm, bottom 3 cm, right 2.5 cm and left 4 cm. The font is Times New Roman, size 12 and single spaced. The article should generally consist of the following sections: introduction, review of literature, method, findings, discussion and conclusion. Headings and subheadings should be presented as follows (provide a space between the headings and sub-headings. 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Subheading of the content 1.1.1 Subheading of the content For Tables, the title size is 12 and the content size is 10. Please number the tables subsequently throughout your article and the title is written above the table. For Figures, the title size is 12 and the content size (if any is 10. Please number the figures subsequently throughout your article and the title is written below the figure. The reference list should be arranged alphabetically following the guidelines of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (5th ed.. See the following examples: Back Matter| 79 80 | STUDIES IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND EDUCATION, Volume 1, Number 1, March 2014 Book: Ellis, R. (2003. Task-based language learning and teaching. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Internet source: Andrewes, S. (2003. Group work v

  7. Author Guidelines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yunisrina Qismullah Yusuf

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Guidelines for Article Submission SiELE journal accepts articles on research and development in the field of teaching and learning of English, linguistics, educational development, policy and cultural studies in education.To be considered for publication, the article should be presented in the following system:First page: include a title page with the full title of the paper (must not exceed 16 words, the author(s’ name(s, affiliation(s, phone number(s and e-mail address of the corresponding author. A brief bio-data of the author(s (maximum of 100 words is provided in this page.Second page and subsequent page: Submissions should be between 4000-6000 (including abstract, table(s, figure(s and references in A4 size paper with margins as the following: top 3 cm, bottom 3 cm, right 2.5 cm and left 4 cm. The font is Times New Roman, size 12 and single spaced. The article should generally consist of the following sections: introduction, review of literature, method, findings, discussion and conclusion.Headings and subheadings should be presented as follows (provide a space between the headings and sub-headings. 1         INTRODUCTION1.1      Subheading of the content 1.1.1   Subheading of the content  For Tables, the title size is 12 and the content size is 10. Please number the tables subsequently throughout your article and the title is written above the table.For Figures, the title size is 12 and the content size (if any is 10. Please number the figures subsequently throughout your article and the title is written below the figure.The reference list should be arranged alphabetically following the guidelines of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (5th ed.. See the following examples: Book: Ellis, R. (2003. Task-based language learning and teaching. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Internet source: Andrewes, S. (2003. Group work v. whole-class activities. Retrieved October 1, 2012 from http://www

  8. Contornos negociados del "buen morir": la toma de decisiones médicas en el final de la vida

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Pedro Alonso

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available El artículo analiza la toma de decisiones médicas en el final de la vida, explorando las nociones legas y profesionales respecto al "buen morir" que estas decisiones ponen de relieve. A partir de un planteamiento etnográfico en un servicio de cuidados paliativos de la ciudad de Buenos Aires, Argentina, el artículo encara empíricamente la forma en que los significados en torno a estas nociones se negocian en contextos prácticos y situacionales. El análisis de casos concretos de toma de decisiones en el final de la vida evidencia el carácter problemático de definir estas nociones en ámbitos médicos, y que el significado y la definición de una muerte como "buena" o "digna" se sujeta a un proceso de construcción interpretativa por parte de los actores. Asimismo, se señalan las tensiones entre los proyectos de "humanización" de los cuidados en el final de la vida y la medicación de la muerte y el morir.

  9. 77 FR 10782 - Public Meeting To Solicit Comments in Response to the Presidential Memorandum, Managing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-23

    ...-records (see also 76 FR 75423, 12/1/11). This meeting is primarily focused on gathering input from the..., Managing Government Records AGENCY: National Archives and Records Administration. ACTION: Notice of meeting... public comments in response to the Presidential Memorandum on Managing Government Records, dated...

  10. Second memorandum on the flow of Aqua Caliente Spring after road construction at Palm Springs, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poland, J.F.; Dutcher, L.C.

    1953-01-01

    This memorandum was prepared at the request of Henry Harris, Acting Area Director, Bureau of Indian Affairs, Sacramento, Calif., to report on recent conditions at the Agua Caliente Spring, Palm Springs, Calif., and to suggest further possibilities for restoring the spring discharge to its pre-road-construction condition.

  11. Memorandum of Understanding Completion and Acceptance of the Spent Nuclear Fuel Project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) is written to provide clear direction with respect to roles, responsibilities, obligations, and expectations of each organization identified. It functions as an agreement between the Operations, Construction Projects and Startup Organizations within the Spent Nuclear Fuels Project

  12. Burkina Faso - Promoting Growth, Competitiveness and Diversification : Country Economic Memorandum, Volume 1. Main Report

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2010-01-01

    The main conclusion of Country Economic Memorandum is that the previous model of extensive growth has now exhausted its potential and must be renewed. Given the existing population dynamics, low environmental tolerance due to its Sahelian climate and competition forces imposed due to its open economy, Burkina Faso is heavily investing in growth based on increased productivity to overcome i...

  13. Burkina Faso - Promoting Growth, Competitiveness and Diversification : Country Economic Memorandum, Volume 3. Enhancing Growth Factors

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2010-01-01

    The main conclusion of Country Economic Memorandum is that the previous model of extensive growth has now exhausted its potential and must be renewed. Given the existing population dynamics, low environmental tolerance due to its Sahelian climate and competition forces imposed due to its open economy, Burkina Faso is heavily investing in growth based on increased productivity to overcome i...

  14. 48 CFR 1415.406-70 - Department of the Interior price negotiation memorandum (PNM).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Contract Pricing 1415.406-70 Department of the Interior price negotiation memorandum (PNM). (a) Policy. In... of competitive range (FAR 15.306); results of written or oral discussions conducted (FAR 15.306... FAR 15.308. (5) If cost or pricing data were not required, the cost or price analysis performed...

  15. 76 FR 47423 - Aviation Fuel and Oil Operating Limitations; Policy Memorandum

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-05

    ... first FEDERAL REGISTER issue of each #0;week. #0; #0; #0; #0;#0;Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 151 / Friday, August 5, 2011 / Rules and Regulations#0;#0; ] DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 33 Aviation Fuel and Oil Operating Limitations; Policy Memorandum AGENCY:...

  16. Decisiones de localización y cambios regulatorios: el caso de la acuicultura en Chile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Estay

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Se estudia la evolución de la actividad acuícola en Chile y el impacto de los cambios regulatorios sobre las decisiones de localización de los centros de cultivo. Este estudio considera un análisis descriptivo del desarrollo espacio-temporal de los centros de cultivo. Luego, utilizando un panel de datos, se estimó un modelo de elección de sitios con el objetivo de explorar los factores determinantes de la elección de ubicación de los centros acuícolas. Los resultados del análisis sugieren la existencia de un claro patrón de desarrollo espacio-temporal de la acuicultura en Chile. Este patrón está caracterizado por el desplazamiento de la actividad productiva hacia el sur de la Patagonia chilena cambiando su concentración desde los alrededores de Puerto Montt hacia el sur de la isla de Chiloé. La estimación del modelo de elección de sitios sugiere que la distancia entre los centros y la existencia de centros de la misma especie cultivada son relevantes para explicar el fenómeno de expansión de la acuicultura hacia el sur. Los cambios regulatorios parecen ser un factor que ha influido en el desarrollo del patrón espacio-temporal que caracteriza el uso del territorio por parte de la industria acuícola nacional.

  17. Exploración sobre las decisiones estratégicas desde el pensamiento complejo.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luz María Rivas Montoya

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available La racionalidad, las decisiones estratégicas y el pensamiento complejo motivaron la construcción del problema de esta investigación, planteado en términos del carácter limitado y reduccionista de los criterios y referentes de decisión en la visión gerencial tradicional frente a una visión compleja de la realidad humana. La exploración de este problema se realizó desde y para el campo académico de la estrategia, con el propósito de mostrar algunas de las dificultades que se presentan en la definición e implementación de una estrategia corporativa en particular. El trabajo de campo se realizó en una empresa multinegocio del sector asegurador colombiano; los datos se obtuvieron a través de entrevistas semiestructuradas realizadas adiversos actores de la organización. El pensamiento complejo desde la perspectiva de Edgar Morin (1990 se constituyó en el marco de referencia teórica.   La hermenéutica de la acción de Ricœur (2010 iluminó la interpretación de los datos cualitativos; para su análisis se utilizó el sistema de codificación abierta, axial, selectiva y de procesoque proponen Strauss y Corbin (2002. En términos generales, tres fueron las categorías que emergieron de los datos: sinergia, como decisión estratégica relevante; des-humanización,como uno de los efectos de la decisión estratégica en los individuos, y rupturas de tejidos relacionales, como uno de los impactos que deja la sinergia en la organización bajo estudio.

  18. Memorandum of understanding Between U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Malheur National Wildlife Refuge and The Desert Trail Association

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This memorandum of understanding is entered into between the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and Desert Trail Association for the purpose of outlining the specific...

  19. [Memorandum of agreement between the Bureau of Reclamation and Fish and Wildlife Service concerning Kirwin dam and reservoir

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This memorandum of agreement between the Bureau of Reclamation and Fish and Wildlife Service concerns the operation and maintenance of the Kirwin reservoir and dam,...

  20. Toma de decisiones, adicciones y adolescentes: una revisión crítica de las principales pruebas informatizadas de evaluación de toma de decisiones

    OpenAIRE

    Castillo, Daniela; Acuña, Ignacio; Godoy, Juan Carlos

    2009-01-01

    Pocos estudios han evaluado a nivel local el efecto que tiene el consumo de alcohol sobre el Sistema Nervioso Central (SNC) en población adolescente. Nuestro grupo de investigación ha evaluado sistemáticamente a adolescentes con diferentes patrones de consumo de alcohol apelando a baterías neuropsicológicas “de lápiz y papel”, analizando particularmente la función ejecutiva (toma de decisiones). Los resultados obtenidos no fueron consistentes. Las posibles explicaciones para estos resultados ...

  1. TOMA DE DECISIONES EN SALUD EN MUJERES CUIDADORAS INFORMALES HEALTH DECISION-MAKING IN WOMAN’S INFORMAL CARETAKERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viviane Jofré A.

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Estudio descriptivo y transversal que se propuso conocer las características biosociodemográficas y los determinantes de la toma de decisiones en salud de las mujeres cuidadoras informales del sector urbano de la comuna de Hualqui, Chile. Las muestra accidental fue de 55 mujeres (62% del universo, a las cuales se les aplicaron dos instrumentos: cuestionario para recolectar antecedentes biosociodemográficos y un cuestionario de valoración de necesidades de apoyo decisional a nivel poblacional basado en el Modelo de Ottawa de O’Connors. Para la tabulación de los datos y análisis descriptivo se utilizó SPSS. Los principales resultados fueron: el cuidado informal lo realizan mujeres entre 41 y 64 años, con educación básica incompleta, que sostienen en un 43% enfermedades crónicas; sus principales conflictos decisionales respecto a salud se refieren a seguir o no conductas curativas y preventivas por la necesidad de estar bien para cuidar a otrosA descriptive and cross sectional study whose aim is to determine the biosociodemographic characteristics and making health decisions variables in informal women’s caretakers in Hualqui, Chile. The purposeful sample was 55 women (62% of the universe to which two instruments were applied: a biosociodemographic questionnaire and decisional support needs of valuation questionnaire at community level, based on the Pattern of Ottawa of O’Connors. For data tabulation and descriptive analysis, SPSS was used. The main results were: care is carried out by women between 41 and 64 years, with incomplete elementary education that 43% of chronic illnesses; their main decision-making conflicts regarding health refer to have to continue or not on healing and preventive behaviours, for the need of being well to take care of others

  2. Advantages and disadvantages of college drinking in students' own words: content analysis of the decisional balance worksheet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collins, Susan E; Kirouac, Megan; Taylor, Emily; Spelman, Philip J; Grazioli, Véronique; Hoffman, Gail; Haelsig, Laura; Holttum, Jessica; Kanagawa, Ami; Nehru, Mayanka; Hicks, Jennifer

    2014-09-01

    The decisional balance worksheet (DBW), an open-ended measure of motivation to change, may be used to record the perceived advantages and disadvantages of substance use as well as alternative behaviors. Recent findings have indicated that the open-ended DBW can be quantified to validly reflect college students' level of motivation to reduce their drinking (Collins, Carey, & Otto, 2009). The goal of the current study was to enhance our understanding of college students' perceived advantages and disadvantages of drinking by qualitatively examining the content of their decisional balance. Participants were undergraduate college students at a 4-year university (N = 760) who participated in a randomized controlled trial of online brief motivational interventions. Using the DBW, participants recorded the advantages and disadvantages of their current drinking. Conventional content analysis methods were used to extract common themes. Social, enjoyment, and psychological reasons were the most commonly mentioned advantages of drinking, whereas physical side effects, expense and interference with goals were the most commonly mentioned disadvantages of drinking. These findings show that college students primarily use alcohol for enjoyment, particularly in social situations, as well as for coping with stress and social anxiety. On the other hand, many college students report having physical side effects from drinking as well as other kinds of concerns (e.g., expense, calories). Findings suggest that using the open-ended DBW may result in a more client-centered and accurate representation of what college students perceive as advantages and disadvantages to drinking than established, Likert-scale measures of decisional balance. PMID:25134033

  3. INCOME TAX IN FRANCE - Memorandum concerning the annual internal taxation certificate and the declaration of income for 2009

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Department

    2010-01-01

    You are reminded that each year the Organization levies an internal tax on the financial and family benefits it pays to the members of the personnel (see Chapter V, Section 2 of the Staff Rules and Regulations) and that members of the personnel are thus exempt from external taxation on salaries and emoluments paid by CERN. This memorandum is intended to provide members of the personnel residing in France with information on how salaries and emoluments paid by CERN should be indicated in the 2009 income declaration form. For any other specific questions, they are invited to comply with the instructions attached to the form. I\t- Annual internal taxation certificate for 2009 The annual certificate of internal taxation for 2009, issued by the FP Department, has been available since 1st March 2010 (see Bulletin No. 10-11/2010). It is intended exclusively for the French tax authorities. If you are currently a member of the CERN personnel, you will have received an e-mail containing a link to your annual ...

  4. LA PARTICIPACIÓN DE LOS TRABAJADORES EN LA TOMA DE DECISIONES DE SUS EMPRESAS. REALIDADES Y REGULACIONES

    OpenAIRE

    Rómulo Ogando Ramos; María Julia Becerra Alonso

    2010-01-01

    El trabajo aborda la participación activa y consciente de los trabajadores en la toma de decisiones como condición indispensable de su desempeño laboral y su desarrollo individual. Tiene como propósito fundamental analizar el tratamiento del tema en un grupo de documentos regulatorios de la Gestión de Recursos Humanos y de esta manera, mostrar los espacios oficiales de participación que tienen los trabajadores y las formas que puede adoptar la misma.AbstractThe paper deals with the active and...

  5. LA GESTIÓN DE INDICADORES EMPRESARIALES CON LÓGICA DIFUSA PARA LA TOMA DE DECISIONES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MARTÍN DARÍO ARANGO SERNA

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available En las organizaciones actuales la tomade decisiones está acompañada de cierto grado deincertidumbre, lo que no permite planificar sobre resultadosciertos. En algunas ocasiones medir estosresultados también implica incertidumbre asociadacon la ambigüedad o subjetividad del instrumentoutilizado. Como solución para este problema, sepropone un sistema de medición y análisis basadoen el Balance Scorecard que incorpora técnicas delógicas difusas para disminuir la incidencia de estaincertidumbre en los procesos de toma y análisis dedecisiones.

  6. Prototipo de modelo de inteligencia competitiva para la toma de decisiones y definición de estrategias

    OpenAIRE

    Figueroa Molina, Andrés

    2012-01-01

    La Universidad EAN proyecta incursionar regionalmente con nuevos programas académicos, por lo cual esta investigación busca conformar un sistema de información que se ajuste a sus necesidades, facilitando la toma de decisiones y la definición de estrategias adecuadas a este propósito. Su contenido es inspirado en las diferentes organizaciones a nivel mundial que están concentrando toda la información de sus empresas en grandes sistemas de información y han demostrado que se trata de una herra...

  7. Estados financieros tradicionales, una limitante en las decisiones gerenciales = Traditional financial reports, a limiting on managerial decisions

    OpenAIRE

    Carreño Acosta, Azucena

    2012-01-01

    Tomar decisiones gerenciales en las organizaciones, debe basarse en el estudio o análisis de las distintas herramientas de control de gestión de que se dispone, como son los Estados Financieros, según los Principios de Contabilidad Generalmente Aceptados en Colombia (PCGA) y las Normas Internacionales de Información Financiera (NIIF). Sin embargo, frente a las exigencias actuales y a los directivos de hoy, estas herramientas se perciben con cierto grado de vulnerabilidad que no permiten r...

  8. La revisión de las decisiones del contencioso administrativo por parte de las sentencias internacionales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Pablo Hinestrosa Vélez

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Teniendo en cuenta el fenómeno de la Constitucionalización del Derecho, en este caso del Derecho Administrativo y en especial la apertura y subordinación del ordenamiento jurídico colombiano al Derecho Internacional de los Derechos Humanos, se hace imperante, tal y como ya se hizo en el Derecho Penal. Permitir que las decisiones de los organismos internacionales de Derechos Humanos se conviertan en causal del recurso extraordinario de revisión del Código Contencioso Administrativo, con el fin de cumplir con lo que se conoce como reparación a las violaciones a los Derechos Humanos.

  9. Conocer las emociones a través de juegos: ayuda para los futuros docentes en la toma de decisiones

    OpenAIRE

    Lavega i Burgués, Pere; Filella Guiu, Gemma; Agulló Morera, M. Jesús; Soldevila Benet, Anna; March Llanes, Jaume

    2011-01-01

    Introducción. El objetivo de este estudio fue proporcionar orientaciones para ayudar a profesionales de la educación física a tomar decisiones en torno a las emociones que produjeron diferentes juegos deportivos clasificados en cuatro dominios de acción motriz (psicomotor, cooperación, oposición y cooperación/oposición). Método. La muestra correspondió a 284 estudiantes universitarios de educación física y de educación primaria (INEFC, Facultad de Educación, Universidades de Lleida y de Ba...

  10. Método de ayuda a la toma de decisiones sobre compratibilidad sox basado en un sistema inteligente multiagente argumentativo

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández Canelas, Jesús Ángel

    2014-01-01

    [ES]Cada vez más, nuestra sociedad está ligada a la estabilidad de los mercados financieros y esta última depende en gran medida de la actitud de los actores implicados: empresas, mercados bursátiles, inversores, organismos de control, etc. La Ley SOX (Sarbanes-Oxley Act), de obligado cumplimiento en EEUU y estándar de facto en el resto del mundo tiene como objetivo velar por dicha estabilidad. En este estudio se presenta un nuevo modelo de ayuda a la toma de decisiones sobre el cumplimiento ...

  11. Integración de decisiones de inversión en capacidad en la planificación agregada

    OpenAIRE

    Corominas Subias, Albert; Lusa García, Amaia; Martínez Costa, Carme

    2010-01-01

    En este trabajo se presenta un modelo de programación lineal mixta para un problema de planificación agregada en el que se incluyen decisiones de ampliación de la capacidad que suelen inscribirse en un nivel de planificación estratégica. Se supone que el equipo adicional (que puede adquirirse o no) y el antiguo se integran para dar lugar a una nueva configuración productiva única, con costes variables distintos de los correspondientes al equipo antiguo. El modelo, cuyo objetivo co...

  12. Sistema de toma de decisiones basado en emociones y autoaprendizaje para agentes sociales autónomos

    OpenAIRE

    Malfaz Vázquez, María de los Ángeles

    2007-01-01

    El objetivo de esta tesis es desarrollar un sistema de toma de decisiones para un robot personal social y autónomo. Este sistema consiste en varios módulos: el módulo motivacional, el módulo de los drives y el módulo de valoración y selección de comportamientos. Estos módulos están basados en motivaciones, drives y emociones, conceptos que son ampliamente desarrollados en esta tesis. Debido a las dificultades de trabajar con un robot real, como primer paso en esta investigac...

  13. ¿Qué Determina el Desempeño en la Toma de Decisiones de Hombres y Mujeres?

    OpenAIRE

    Alicia Arenas Moreno; Carmen Tabernero Urbieta; Elena Briones Pérez

    2011-01-01

    El presente trabajo pretende analizar el efecto del sexo sobre el desempeño en una tarea compleja de toma de decisiones. El rendimiento en tareas de logro está ligado a las dinámicas autorreguladoras, como la autoeficacia, las metas personales y el compromiso con la tarea, determinadas por variables disposicionales como la orientación de las metas o, estudiada más recientemente, la orientación hacia los errores. Concretamente, tratamos de comparar los procesos de autorregulación y factores di...

  14. Lógica difusa para la toma de decisiones y la selección de personal

    OpenAIRE

    Francisco Javier Ruvalcaba Coyaso (México); Anais Vermonden

    2016-01-01

    Este trabajo de investigación se enfoca en la lógica difusa. Identifica de qué manera sirve para la selección de personal y qué publicaciones relevantes existen acerca de su efectividad en el escenario empresarial. La revisión realizada se llevó a cabo a partir de una búsqueda en bases de datos especializadas. Se encuentra que la fuzzy logic puede ofrecer al proceso de selección de personal algo de certidumbre, en particular en la toma de decisiones que lo acompaña. Puede contribuir también e...

  15. Especificación e implementación de agentes inteligentes para el soporte a la toma de decisiones

    OpenAIRE

    Budán, Maximiliano; Simari, Guillermo Ricardo

    2012-01-01

    El objetivo general de esta línea de investigación es estudiar en el contexto de un sistema multi-agente (MAS), la problemática asociada con la especificación e implementación de un agente inteligente deliberativo con la capacidad de brindar apoyo a la toma de decisiones. Es importante tener en cuenta que las bases de conocimientos que manejaran los agentes podrían variar en el tiempo y ser influenciadas o afectadas por distintas fuerzas que gobiernan el mundo real, e.g. la confiabilidad d...

  16. Herramientas de apoyo a la toma de decisiones y prospectiva territorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Luna

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available En la Provincia de Santa Cruz el área cordillerana es la más postergada en términos de poblamiento y cualificación de sus territorios. En este espacio de cerca de 100.000 km2 ubicado sobre la traza de la Ruta Nacional 40 y la frontera con Chile, cinco municipios y tres comisiones de fomento reunían en 2001 menos de 25.000 habitantes. Estos espacios experimentan particularmente desde fines del Siglo pasado profundas transformaciones territoriales: penetración de nuevas actividades y capitales, acelerada inserción en mercados internacionales y modificaciones en las relaciones entre grupos sociales afectando las formas de organización de la producción y del espacio.Las dinámicas de las actividades dominantes son fundamentalmente extractivas, como la minería y la explotación de hidrocarburos, que lentamente se despliega hacia el oeste provincial, determinadas por un escenario internacional de disputa por la valoración y el acceso a recursos naturales entre grandes empresas trasnacionales y sociedades.El plan se encuadró en el Subproyecto Herramientas de apoyo a la toma de decisiones del Proyecto de Investigación UNPA 29 A/254-2 Desarrollo territorial y recursos naturales en el espacio cordillerano santacruceño. Potencialidades, vulnerabilidades y proyectos regionales dirigido por Alejandro Schweitzer y codirigido por Boris Díaz. A tal efecto se trabajó en particular en torno al estudio de indicadores de desarrollo territorial y la integración de unidades espaciales en el marco de su incorporación a los sistemas de información territorial y la captura y procesamiento de información en campo por medio de entrevistas e inventarios particularmente sobre la Micro-Región de Río Turbio.

  17. Tank waste remediation system retrieval and disposal mission readiness-to-proceed memorandum

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This memorandum provides a summary of PHMC [Project Hanford Management Contract] team work scope for the Phase 1 TWRS Retrieval and Disposal Mission, a declaration of readiness-to-proceed, a summary of the PHMC team readiness evaluation process, summary results of a structured independent appraisal and financial analysis including information associated with assumptions, risks, and recommendations and, a summary of program plans for the PHMC team's component of the Phase 1 Mission

  18. Tank waste remediation system retrieval and disposal mission readiness-to-proceed memorandum

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This memorandum provides a summary of PHMC (Project Hanford Management Contract) team work scope for the Phase 1 TWRS Retrieval and Disposal Mission, a declaration of readiness-to proceed, a summary of the PHMC readiness evaluation process, summary results of a structured independent appraisal and financial analysis including information associated with assumptions, risks, and recommendations and, a summary of program plans for the PHMC team's component of the Phase 1 Mission

  19. Moldova : Opportunities for Accelerated Growth, A Country Economic Memorandum for the Republic of Moldova

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2005-01-01

    This Country Economic Memorandum (CEM) explores how Moldova can confront its emerging challenges to growth, and position itself strategically to take advantage of opportunities, by using its strengths more effectively. The focus of the CEM, therefore, is on the identification of the critical binding constraints to growth that can be addressed through public policy. Sustained economic growth, and increased international competitiveness will require a set of policies which encourages faster gai...

  20. Role of non-human primates in malaria vaccine development: Memorandum from a WHO Meeting*

    OpenAIRE

    1988-01-01

    This Memorandum discusses the coordination and standardization of malaria vaccine research in non-human primates to encourage optimum use of the available animals in experiments that are fully justified both scientifically and ethically. The requirements for experimentation in non-human primates, the availability of suitable animals for malaria vaccine studies, and the criteria for testing candidate vaccines are considered. The policy and legislation relevant to the use of non-human primates ...

  1. Mammalian safety of microbial agents for vector control: a WHO Memorandum*

    OpenAIRE

    1981-01-01

    This Memorandum outlines recommended safety tests for application to biological agents under consideration for widespread use for pest control. The basic principles utilized in developing these recommendations were that: (i) the hazards presented by microbial pesticides are inherently different from those associated with chemical pesticides and the tests used to determine hazard potential to man should reflect this; (ii) a high proportion of negative results is likely; (iii) tiered testing sy...

  2. El programa PROTODEBA v1.0: una propuesta para la observación de la toma de decisiones en balonmano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ignacio Martín tamayo

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available La Toma de Decisiones constituye un aspecto clave en el rendimiento de cualquier deporte colectivo. En el presente artículo se presenta el programa PROTODEBA v1.0, desarrollado para el estudio y análisis de la toma de decisiones analíticas de un equipo de balonmano y de los jugadores en las distintas secuencias de ataque. El programa permite observar los comportamientos de los jugadores en tres categorías observacionales: ubicación, traslado y finalización, proporcionando índices de participación y de toma de decisiones para el equipo en su conjunto, para cada jugador y para las distintas secuencias de un partido. Además, se presenta un ejemplo de la aplicación del programa informático en un partido de balonmano de alto nivel.

  3. Las decisiones básicas de la estrategia de deslocalización: qué, dónde y cómo deslocalizar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Toral Pla, David

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Las decisiones que una empresa debe tomar a la hora de emprender una estrategia de deslocalización poseen una elevada importancia. En el presente trabajo se analizan las decisiones básicas a las que una empresa debe hacer frente para acometer con éxito una estrategia de deslocalización y mejorar su ventaja competitiva. Concretamente se examina la elección de las actividades a deslocalizar, la elección del país de destino y la elección del modo de deslocalización. Una combinación adecuada de estas tres decisiones conjuntamente facilitará el éxito de una estrategia de deslocalización.

  4. Georgia Sustaining Rapid Economic Growth : Country Economic Memorandum

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2013-01-01

    Sustaining rapid economic growth for reduced poverty and shared prosperity over the next decade and beyond in Georgia is an important goal and a key challenge for the authorities. While the record of growth over the last decade has been strong, the forces that drove this growth are unlikely to be sustained in the coming years. Sustaining strong growth in Georgia going forward will require ...

  5. Análisis de las caracterísicas psicológicas y la toma de decisiones en un grupo de nadadores

    OpenAIRE

    Hidalgo, Lorena; Martín Tamayo, Ignacio; Chirosa, Luis Javier

    2015-01-01

    [ES] La presente investigación tiene el objetivo de analizar las características psicológicas relacionadas con el rendimiento deportivo y el estilo de toma de decisiones de 70 nadadores, relacionándolos en función del sexo, nivel deportivo y categoría deportiva. Utilizando el cuestionario Características Psicológicas relacionadas con el Rendimiento Deportivo (CPRD) (Gimeno, 1999) y el Cuestionario de Estilo de Toma Decisiones (CETD) (Ruiz, Graupera, y Sánchez, 2000). [EN] This research aim...

  6. Análisis de las decisiones estratégicas de operaciones de la empresa Agrolab Analítica, S. L.

    OpenAIRE

    Burgo Gutiérrez, Beatriz del

    2014-01-01

    El objetivo del trabajo fin de grado es conocer y aplicar los términos de la Dirección de Operaciones en una empresa, definir su estrategia y analizar todas las decisiones de la dirección de operaciones que son decisiones a largo plazo y que condicionan la estrategia competitiva. Primeramente, realizaremos una introducción de la empresa y de las operaciones que realiza, después definiremos la estrategia tras haber analizado el sector y la misión corporativa. Tras la def...

  7. Toma de decisiones para la evaluación formativa: El proceso de planeación y determinación de sus mecanismos

    OpenAIRE

    Katherina Edith Gallardo Córdova; María Eugenia Gil Rendón; Baltazar Contreras Durán; Evelyn García Hernández; Roger Alberto Lázaro Hernández; Lilibeth Ocaña Jiménez

    2012-01-01

    Se presenta un estudio exploratorio sobre la toma de decisiones al determinar los procesos de evaluación formativa. Se eligió al azar el trabajo realizado por 20 equipos de trabajo (102 estudiantes) en la materia Evaluación del aprendizaje de un programa de posgrado en educación, en la modalidad en línea. Se optó por métodos mixtos; se analizaron 20 tablas de especificaciones que albergaron 60 objetivos de aprendizaje. Asimismo, se examinaron 60 justificaciones que fundamentaban las decisione...

  8. En busca de la virtud: el papel de las virtudes, los valores y las fortalezas de carácter en la toma de decisiones éticas

    OpenAIRE

    Crossan, M. (Mary); Mazutis, D. (Daina); Seijts, G. (Gerard)

    2015-01-01

    Presentamos un modelo global que integra las virtudes, los valores, las fortalezas de carácter y la toma de decisiones éticas (EDM). Describimos cómo un marco ético en gran medida consecuencialista ha dominado la mayor parte de la literatura académica sobre EDM hasta la fecha. Sugerimos que reintroducir una perspectiva ética de la virtud en las teorías EDM existentes puede ayudar a ilustrar las deficiencias de los modelos existentes de toma de decisiones, y también que las fortalezas de carác...

  9. Entre la razón y el corazón: La importancia de la emoción en la toma de decisiones

    OpenAIRE

    Fernando Gordillo; José M. Arana; Lilia Mestas; Judith Salvador

    2011-01-01

    La razón y la emoción, por separado, se convierten en procesos que pueden perjudicar nuestro futuro por medio de decisiones desacertadas. Somos capaces de valorar una decisión, a pesar de su racionalidad, como inadecuada (“matar a uno para salvar a muchos”). También somos capaces de advertir decisiones inadecuadas por lo exagerado de las razones que las motivan (“no viajar por el miedo a volar”). En definitiva, nos valemos de un equilibrio entre lo racional y lo emocional para decidir de mane...

  10. Calificación de Clientes como herramienta clave para la toma de decisiones: principales criterios aplicados en la gran empresa manufacturera de Manizales

    OpenAIRE

    Mejia Arango, Manuel

    2015-01-01

    La calificación de clientes es una herramienta clave para la toma de decisiones en las empresas y debe contemplar diversos criterios que permitan medir a los clientes de forma integral. El objetivo de este es identificar el estado de la práctica de calificación de clientes en las grandes empresas manufactureras de Manizales y su incidencia en el proceso de toma de decisiones relacionadas con éstos. A partir de la revisión teórica y de los resultados de las entrevistas realizadas a las empresa...

  11. Construcción de decisiones socialmente reponsables en contextos educativos a través de la animación a la lectura (Aprendizaje - Servicio)

    OpenAIRE

    Caminero Rodríguez, Isabel

    2012-01-01

    El Proyecto de Aprendizaje-Servicio se aplicará al ámbito escolar, ya que combina las animaciones a la lectura con la labor que podemos realizar desde la Educación Social hacia la construcción de decisiones de Responsabilidad Social en las aulas, promoviendo la resolución de conflictos desde los valores de la igualdad, el respeto por nuestros mayores, el medio ambiente y sus cuidados, derechos humanos, tomas de decisiones responsables, identidad y convivencia. Las personas destinatarias se...

  12. Sistema de gestión de gestión y ayuda a la toma de decisiones para cuerpos de bomberos

    OpenAIRE

    García González, Jesús

    2012-01-01

    El presente proyecto describe un sistema de soporte a decisiones para brigadas de emergencia. Se pretende diseñar una aplicación enmarcada dentro del contexto de ayuda a la toma de decisiones para servicios de emergencias como parte visible de una red de comunicaciones ad-hoc diseñada en colaboración con la Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid y el Parque de Bomberos de Fuenlabrada. El diseño está enfocado para uso en brigadas de bomberos, no obstante, podría extra...

  13. La educación como herramienta para desarrollar decisiones asertivas en los adolescentes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mery Luz Valderrama Sanabria

    2012-12-01

     adolescentes pueden determinar el momento de iniciar su actividad sexual con conocimiento más profundo y  actitud libre, por tanto la educación sexual debe basarse en la toma de decisiones responsables y el uso correctode métodos anticonceptivos porque conocerlosno garantiza la ausencia de embarazo.(Rev Cuid 2012;3(3:416-8.Palabras clave: Educación, Asertividad, Embarazo en Adolescencia. (Fuente: DeCS BIREME.

  14. Radiological field exercises for forensic investigators. Technical memorandum

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Larsson, C.L. [Defence R and D Canada (DRDC), Ottawa, Ontario (Canada); Clement, C.; Estan, D. [Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission, Ottawa, Ontario (Canada); McDiarmid, C.; Tessier, M. [Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP), Ottawa, Ontario (Canada)

    2006-06-15

    A series of tabletop and field exercises were designed and executed to test traditional forensic investigation procedures in a crime scene with radioactive material present. This allowed for specific training needs of forensic identification specialists to be identified and revised procedures to be drafted. Two scenarios were exercised, first as tabletop discussions with the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP), the Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission (CNSC), and DRDC Ottawa, and then as field exercises with the participation of the RCMP and Ottawa Police Services (OPS) forensic investigators. These exercises produced a number of lessons learned with regard to protocols for forensic investigators and led to the development of a one-page fact sheet on performing forensic identification tasks in a radiation environment. (author)

  15. Radiological field exercises for forensic investigators. Technical memorandum

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A series of tabletop and field exercises were designed and executed to test traditional forensic investigation procedures in a crime scene with radioactive material present. This allowed for specific training needs of forensic identification specialists to be identified and revised procedures to be drafted. Two scenarios were exercised, first as tabletop discussions with the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP), the Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission (CNSC), and DRDC Ottawa, and then as field exercises with the participation of the RCMP and Ottawa Police Services (OPS) forensic investigators. These exercises produced a number of lessons learned with regard to protocols for forensic investigators and led to the development of a one-page fact sheet on performing forensic identification tasks in a radiation environment. (author)

  16. Decisiones en reacciones adversas a medicamentos, intoxicaciones y respuestas inesperadas de productos naturales como problema de salud pública

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro P. Álvarez-Falconí

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available En esta revisión se evalúa la información relevante sobre diversas reacciones adversas severas atribuidas a medicamentos de relativa reciente introducción en el mercado mundial, intoxicaciones por medicamentos contaminados, así como respuestas inesperadas adversas de productos naturales, todo lo cual contribuyó a la toma y adopción de decisiones en el pasado y en el presente, por organismos reguladores en medicamentos en diversos países. Se exploran a grandes perfiles las acciones relacionadas con los pilares de las políticas de medicamentos, los sucesos históricos y actuales calificados como desastres o tragedias en salud pública en el uso de medicamentos en el siglo pasado y presente, a fin de ofrecer un panorama básico en este manejo. Se incluyeron efectos que afectaron la salud por el empleo de algunos productos naturales para prestar atención a su implicancia en la práctica médica. Se comentan y discuten las decisiones de los organismos reguladores internacionales, los enormes gastos en salud pública por reacciones adversas, las estrategias que han contribuido a evitar perjuicios en la sociedad por reacciones adversas de medicamentos innovadores y antiguos. Se contribuye en afianzar los conceptos de responsabilidad empresarial y gubernamental, estándares científicos, éticos y seguridad de los medicamentos, la importancia del control de calidad, bioética, buenas prácticas clínicas en la investigación científica en medicamentos, buenas prácticas de manufactura y evitar prácticas corruptas. Se reafirma que el éxito de la medicina moderna se debe en magnitud importante a los medicamentos y dentro de ellos a los innovadores. Las decisiones oportunas de los expertos se orientan a evitar tragedias, sufrimientos y gastos innecesarios por reacciones adversas a medicamentos y consecuentemente eludir problemas en salud pública.

  17. Sistema integrado para toma de decisiones en el diseño de estructuras de hormigón

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Armengou, J.

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a methodology to analyze decisions in the design of concrete structures. Specifically, we propose a multi-criteria approach to assess the value implications of precast concrete technologies versus in-situ concrete solutions. First, we emphasize the importance of careful decision-making in early stages of construction projects to enhance customer value. Second, we present a decisionmaking methodology that uses fuzzy logic to represent and synthesize information about risk-return tradeoffs in the different kinds of variables involved in the evaluation of a project’s value. To illustrate, we use our methodology to analyze precast vs. in-situ solutions in the design of drainage structures. The results of our analysis point at precast solutions as the most desirable design choice in this setting, and highlight the importance of value analysis in early stages of construction projects.

    El presente artículo hace una breve reflexión sobre las alternativas in situ y prefabricadas para estructuras de hormigón, justificando la necesidad de profundizar en métodos multicriterio como ayuda a la toma de decisiones. Manifiesta la trascendencia de la calidad en las decisiones más allá de este ámbito concreto, así como su influencia en la mayor eficiencia de las obras. Presenta luego un sistema de ayuda a la toma de decisiones basado en matemática difusa, que considera el valor de cada alternativa contemplando el riesgo inherente. Para ilustrarlo desarrolla un ejemplo aplicado a pasos inferiores que pueden resolverse mediante prefabricación o in situ. Efectuándolo por completo, llega a dos conclusiones principales: la bondad de la herramienta presentada y cómo la solución prefabricada, en este caso, aporta mayor valor. Concluye también que todo buen gestor debe plantearse su toma de decisión desde los inicios de cualquier proyecto, empleando herramientas como la presentada.

  18. Factor Structure and Measurement Invariance of a 10-Item Decisional Balance Scale: Longitudinal and Subgroup Examination within an Adult Diabetic Sample

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pickering, Michael A.; Plotnikoff, Ronald C.

    2009-01-01

    This study explores the longitudinal and subgroup measurement properties of a 10-item, physical activity decisional balance scale, previously published by Plotnikoff, Blanchard, Hotz, and Rhodes (2001), within a diabetic sample of Canadian adults. Results indicated that a three-factor measurement model consistently improved model fit compared to…

  19. Federal Sector Labor-Management Relations: A Guide to Decisional Materials Relating to Title VII of the Civil Service Reform Act of 1978.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Karen A.

    1984-01-01

    Provides overview of federal agencies administering Title VII of Civil Service Reform Act (1978) and a 22-item annotated bibliography of selected federal and commercial publications on decisional materials relating to Title VII. Sources for administrative agency rulings and arbitration awards, citators, digests, indexes, online databases, and…

  20. LA PARTICIPACIÓN DE LOS TRABAJADORES EN LA TOMA DE DECISIONES DE SUS EMPRESAS. REALIDADES Y REGULACIONES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rómulo Ogando Ramos

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available El trabajo aborda la participación activa y consciente de los trabajadores en la toma de decisiones como condición indispensable de su desempeño laboral y su desarrollo individual. Tiene como propósito fundamental analizar el tratamiento del tema en un grupo de documentos regulatorios de la Gestión de Recursos Humanos y de esta manera, mostrar los espacios oficiales de participación que tienen los trabajadores y las formas que puede adoptar la misma.AbstractThe paper deals with the active and conscious participation of the workers in the decision-making as an indispensable condition of its labor performance and its individual development. Its main purpose is to analyze the treatment of this subject in a group of regulations of Human Resource Management and thus, to show the official spaces of participation that the workers have and the ways that it can takes.

  1. Reward-system effect (BAS rating), left hemispheric "unbalance" (alpha band oscillations) and decisional impairments in drug addiction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balconi, Michela; Finocchiaro, Roberta; Canavesio, Ylenia

    2014-06-01

    The current research explored the impact of cortical frontal asymmetry (left-lateralization effect) and Behavioral Activation System (BAS) on Substance Use Disorder (SUD) in decisional processes using the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT). Forty SUD participants and forty-two controls (CG) were tested using the IGT. Behavioral responses (gain/loss options), BIS/BAS scores and lateralized alpha band modulation (LTA) were considered. The SUD group increased the tendency to opt in favor of the immediate reward (loss strategy) more than the long-term option (win strategy) compared to the CG. Secondly, higher reward-subscale scores were observed in SUD. Thirdly, SUD showed an increase in left-hemisphere activation in response to losing (with immediate reward) choices in comparison with the CG. An imbalanced left hemispheric effect related to higher BAS trait could explain this "reward bias," because these components were found to explain (through the regression analysis) the main behavioral deficits. PMID:24629323

  2. Design of equipment for microwave sterilization of food particulates. Memorandum report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Metaxas, A.C.

    1976-07-01

    The memorandum considers the design of a resonant microwave cavity, operating in the TMsub11(10) mode, for sterilization of liquid foodstuffs or particulates in gravy. The overall design and matching is considered in detail. Preliminary tests have been performed to study the uniformity of heating and optimization of the cavity design. Temperature differences within the cavity of up to 7% of the mean increment were found which may be high for some applications. The cavity utilization efficiency was of the order of 90% and very insensitive to changes in process parameters.

  3. Transport of radioactive material in Brazil: Authority and environmental protection agency

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper describes the efforts undertaken by two Brazilian Institutions involved with the transport of radioactive material (Nuclear Energy Commission and Institute for Environment and Renewable Resource) to make a single process by which both the IAEA's requirements for safe control and environmental protection can coexist. The paper includes evaluation of international practices as well as the assistance from a consultation among experts around the world. A single set of Terms of Reference with requirements from different regulations and the profile for a Memorandum of Understanding between authorities are among the results and identified future actions. (author)

  4. Ionizing radiation detection meter systems usability evaluation. Technical memorandum

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    was better, whereby 11 of the 15 questions resulted in mean scores within the borderline to barely acceptable range. System 3 rated reasonably to completely acceptable on all questions, with the exception of prevention of contact with contaminated surfaces which scored barely acceptable. Under set-up and maintenance criteria little difference was found between the 3 systems, although System I rated consistently lower than System 2 which rated consistently lower than System 3. System 1 consistently rated barely acceptable to reasonably acceptable, and System 2 barely acceptable to completely acceptable. System 3 was also consistent, whereby 15 of the 16 criteria ranged between reasonably acceptable to completely acceptable. In the training system ratings, System 1 ranged from borderline to barely acceptable, System 2 ranged from barely acceptable to reasonably acceptable and System 3 ranged from reasonably acceptable to completely acceptable. Focus group discussions indicated that System 1, with an extremely small display and function buttons was too complex, with the potential for creating performance error. Another key problem was that participants could not comfortably operate System 1 and System 2 with the extension probe for 20 minutes, a realistic requirement in an operational setting. System 3 was found to be comfortable and balanced. Although some minor changes were suggested in focus group discussions System 3 was found to be the most acceptable system operationally, with an acceptable training system. (author)

  5. La inteligencia de negocio como apoyo a la toma de decisiones en el ámbito académico (Business Intelligence as decision support system in academic environment)

    OpenAIRE

    Yusnier Reyes Dixson; Lissette Nuñez Maturel

    2015-01-01

    Spanish abstract. Las organizaciones competitivas han establecido sistemas de inteligencia de negocio para proporcionar a sus trabajadores herramientas que les ayuden en la toma de decisiones (Guitart y Conesa, 2014). El acertado flujo y gestión de datos e información es vital para un acertado proceso de toma de decisiones. Esta táctica trasladada al ámbito universitario significa proporcionar a profesores y directivos sistemas que apoyen la toma de decisiones en su actividad docente (Gui...

  6. 40 CFR Appendix B to Part 112 - Memorandum of Understanding Among the Secretary of the Interior, Secretary of Transportation, and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Environmental Protection Agency Purpose This Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) establishes the jurisdictional... responsibilities set forth below for spill prevention and control, response planning, and equipment inspection...), 2(d)(3), and 2(e)(3) of E.O. 12777 assigned to DOI spill prevention and control,...

  7. Selected Laws, Rules and State-Level Activities in Wisconsin Related to Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. Information Memorandum 87-4.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sweet, Richard

    This information memorandum describes the selected laws, rules, and state-level activities in Wisconsin related to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and tests for antibodies to the virus (HIV) that causes AIDS. A section on current state laws on AIDS and HIV antibody testing describes laws related to informed consent for testing,…

  8. SAT Participation and Performance and the Attainment of College and Career Readiness Benchmark Scores for the Class of 2013. Memorandum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanderson, Geoffrey T.

    2013-01-01

    This memorandum describes the SAT participation and performance for the Montgomery County (Maryland) Public Schools (MCPS) Class of 2013 compared with the graduating seniors in Maryland and the nation. Detailed results of SAT and ACT by high school and student group for graduates in 2011-2013 are included. MCPS students continue to outperform the…

  9. Burkina Faso - Promoting Growth, Competitiveness and Diversification : Country Economic Memorandum, Volume 2. Sources of Growth - Key Sectors for Tomorrow

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2010-01-01

    The main conclusion of Country Economic Memorandum is that the previous model of extensive growth has now exhausted its potential and must be renewed. Given the existing population dynamics, low environmental tolerance due to its Sahelian climate and competition forces imposed due to its open economy, Burkina Faso is heavily investing in growth based on increased productivity to overcome i...

  10. 7 CFR Exhibit A to Subpart A of... - Memorandum of Understanding Between Commodity Credit Corporation and Farmers Home Administration...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Corporation and Farmers Home Administration or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 A Exhibit A to Subpart A of Part 1962 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING... Liquidation of Chattel Security Pt. 1962, Subpt. A, Exh. A Exhibit A to Subpart A of Part 1962—Memorandum...

  11. 75 FR 34464 - Memorandum of Understanding Between the Food and Drug Administration and Drugs.Com; Correction of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-17

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration FDA 225-09-0012 Memorandum of Understanding Between the Food and Drug Administration and Drugs.Com; Correction of Effective Date AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice; correction. SUMMARY: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is...

  12. 41 CFR Appendix to Part 102 - 83-Memorandum of Understanding Between the Department Of Housing And Urban Development And the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...-LOCATION OF SPACE Pt. 102-83, App. Appendix to Part 102-83—Memorandum of Understanding Between the... of race, color, religion, or national origin, and to consider the need for development and... housing Federal agencies, and for acquiring leased space for Federal agency use. 4. Executive Order...

  13. Entre la razón y el corazón: La importancia de la emoción en la toma de decisiones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Gordillo

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available La razón y la emoción, por separado, se convierten en procesos que pueden perjudicar nuestro futuro por medio de decisiones desacertadas. Somos capaces de valorar una decisión, a pesar de su racionalidad, como inadecuada (“matar a uno para salvar a muchos”. También somos capaces de advertir decisiones inadecuadas por lo exagerado de las razones que las motivan (“no viajar por el miedo a volar”. En definitiva, nos valemos de un equilibrio entre lo racional y lo emocional para decidir de manera correcta, proceso éste que se ha ido conformando gracias a nuestra experiencia vital.

  14. Conveniencia de la cirugìa profiláctica del tercer molar retenido: un análisis de decisiones

    OpenAIRE

    Ramírez, Adriana; Rodríguez G., Mauricio; Sánchez Pedraza, Ricardo

    2010-01-01

    Antecedentes. La proporción de cirugías de terceros molares que se realizan de manera profiláctica es difícil de estimar de manera precisa y depende en muchos casos de la definición que se dé para éste término. Objetivo. Determinar entre pacientes y cirujanos cuál es la alternativa más útil para plantear la cirugía profiláctica de los terceros molares retenidos asintomáticos. Material y métodos. Un análisis de decisiones clínicas (modelo de árbol de decisiones) se utilizó para defini...

  15. Toma de decisiones para la evaluación formativa: el proceso de planeación y determinación de sus mecanismos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katherina Edith Gallardo Córdova

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta un estudio exploratorio sobre la toma de decisiones al determinar los procesos de evaluación formativa. Se eligió al azar el trabajo realizado por 20 equipos de trabajo (102 estudiantes en la materia Evaluación del aprendizaje de un programa de posgrado en educación, en la modalidad en línea. Se optó por métodos mixtos; se analizaron 20 tablas de especificaciones que albergaron 60 objetivos de aprendizaje. Asimismo, se examinaron 60 justificaciones que fundamentaban las decisiones sobre la elección de organizadores gráficos o productos escritos que coadyuvan a inferir el logro de los objetivos de aprendizaje. Los resultados indicaron que en el proceso de planeación existió una alta tendencia a la emisión de objetivos de aprendizaje que demandan procesos de pensamiento de baja complejidad. Además, al tomar decisiones sobre los productos, el proceso fue mayormente bien conducido. Esto puede deberse a la inclusión de elementos teóricos que contribuyeron a la comprensión del proceso de aprendizaje y las necesidades a cubrir en el marco de la evaluación formativa. Se exhorta a continuar con investigaciones relacionadas con la toma de decisiones en cuanto a la elección de organizadores gráficos, en especial sobre aquellos que presentaron resultados inesperados, como fue el caso del mapa conceptual.

  16. Policías, ladrones y gente corriente: Diferencias entre expertos y noveles en el uso de estrategias para la toma de decisiones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rocío García-Retamero

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Imagine que quiere invertir su dinero en una propiedad inmobiliaria, y el hecho de que ésta pueda ser objeto de hurto es crucial para usted... En este artículo analizamos las estimaciones que expertos y noveles en el ámbito de la delincuencia realizan sobre el poder de distintas claves para predecir el éxito en la conducta de hurto y las estrategias que utilizan en su toma de decisiones.

  17. Explanatory memorandum on European Community Document -mutual medical assistance in the case of a nuclear accident

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The report lists the Commissions proposals for further action on its suggestion of mutual health assistance in the event of a nuclear accident. These include surveys and studies, further research on the medical treatment of radiation casualties and the methodology of epidemiological investigations, the promotion of contacts between experts and the attempt to assemble a handbook listing facilities and procedures for mutual assistance. The memorandum explains some of the points further under the headings, ministerial responsibility, legal and procedural issues and policy implications. The United Kingdom position is then stated. The UK government welcomes the proposals provided there is no duplication of work already covered by the IAEA Convention on Assistance in the case of a Nuclear Accident or Radiological Emergency. (U.K.)

  18. Los sistemas de información geográfica (SIG una herramienta poderosa para la toma de decisiones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Néstor Sáenz Saavedra

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Los sistemas de información tradicionales, orientados hacia el suministro de información útil para la toma de decisiones mediante la manipulación de una base de datos numérica, estaban impedidos para combinar simultáneamente los datos espaciales o gráficos 'Con sus datos descriptivos asociados. Esta labor de análisis se convertía entonces, en un proceso bastante complejo donde los cálculos geográficos debían realizarse por separado para, posteriormente buscar la manera de que los usuarios finales pudieran visualizar gráficamente los resultados tabulados sobre esquemas y mapas, en forma manual, o con la ayuda de programas de dibujo como el AUTOCAD. Esta tecnología, conocida con el nombre genérico de SISTEMAS DE INFORMACION GEOGRAFICO (SIG, se ha convertido en una poderosa herramienta al alcance de estudiantes y profesionales como ingenieros, geógrafos, médicos, historiadores y, en general, para todos los planificadores de aquellas disciplinas que necesitan información geográfica o georreferenciada, como ayuda para la solución de sus problemas. El presente documento pretende dar algunos conceptos generales sobre los SIG, su definición, componentes, datos de entrada y algunos procedimientos de análisis que se ofrecen con los paquetes disponibles en el mercado.

  19. ¿Qué Determina el Desempeño en la Toma de Decisiones de Hombres y Mujeres?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alicia Arenas Moreno

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo pretende analizar el efecto del sexo sobre el desempeño en una tarea compleja de toma de decisiones. El rendimiento en tareas de logro está ligado a las dinámicas autorreguladoras, como la autoeficacia, las metas personales y el compromiso con la tarea, determinadas por variables disposicionales como la orientación de las metas o, estudiada más recientemente, la orientación hacia los errores. Concretamente, tratamos de comparar los procesos de autorregulación y factores disposicionales entre chicos y chicas estudiantes universitarios ante la realización de una tarea que simula la implementación de la innovación y el cambio en una organización. Los resultados muestran que son las mujeres quienes manifiestan una clara tendencia a comunicar los errores y se muestran menos preocupadas por demostrar competencia ante los demás. Sin embargo, ante las dificultades mostrarían sentirse menos capaces de afrontarlas, más angustiadas y se plantearían metas más bajas para su desempeño, lo que les llevaría finalmente a alcanzar un rendimiento inferior.

  20. MODELIZACIÓN DE LA ASIGNACIÓN DE AULAS CON TÉCNICAS SIMBÓLICAS DE LA IA COMO AYUDA A LA TOMA DE DECISIONES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Badaracco, Numa

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Los Sistemas Expertos son una de las técnicas de la Inteligencia Artificial ampliamente utilizada para la resolución de problemas comprendidos en diversos dominios del conocimiento. Representan y explicitan el conocimiento obtenido de los sujetos utilizando diferentes mecanismos, como las reglas y las probabilidades. Además, proporcionan un marco para seleccionar acciones a seguir en situaciones complejas e inciertas, con miras a apoyar la toma de decisiones. En este trabajo, se sintetiza el estado del arte, se mencionan algunos desarrollos similares y la metodología aplicada, y se describe un prototipo de sistema experto basado en reglas que, modelizando el conocimiento obtenido, actúa como un agente software para la mejora en la asignación de espacios físicos y ayuda a la toma de decisiones en ámbitos de la Educación Superior. Para el logro de los objetivos y a los fines de experimentar, se modelizó una abstracción de una situación real de asignación de aulas, explicitando las reglas definidas e indicándose posibles soluciones, en respuesta a diversas consultas interactivas realizadas desde el sistema experto al usuario, contemplándose algunas de las numerosas variables que componen los requerimientos solicitados. Para finalizar se mencionan futuras líneas de trabajo que aportarán nuevas alternativas de aumento en la toma de decisiones.

  1. Decisiones estratégicas de creación de valor bajo incertidumbre y su incidencia en la competitividad y la valoración empresarial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erik Ernesto Muñoz Royo

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Este documento estudia tópicos de la literatura teórica de las decisiones estratégicas tomadas por los ejecutivos bajo condiciones de incertidumbre. De igual manera, el nivel competitivo que cada organización alcance y lo sostenga en el corto, mediano y largo plazo; mismo que debería estar relacionado e integrado a la estrategia y por ende en las decisiones bajo incertidumbre. Los resultados económicos y financieros cuantificados a través del flujo de caja libre descontado permitirán valorar la organización y situarla en una determinada posición con respecto a sus similares de su industria; análisis que será abordado desde la investigación experimental económica. Por tanto, el marco teórico del presente artículo servirá de sustento para la aplicación de una futura investigación experimental; una simulación industrial implicará el estudio integral de las diferentes decisiones y estrategias adoptadas bajo incertidumbre, y su incidencia en los indicadores de competitividad y la creación o destrucción de valor empresarial.

  2. Social impact evaluation : Some implications of the specific decisional context approach for anticipatory project assessment with special reference to available alternatives and to techniques of evaluating the social impacts of the anticipated effects of such alternatives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mayo, L. H.

    1972-01-01

    The implications are explored of the specific decision context approach to anticipatory project assessment. More specifically, it is hypothesized that with respect to any given effect of a proposed project or action (mobility, job opportunities, air pollution, population distribution, etc.) such effect will likely differ in probability and/or magnitude from one decisional context to another; that the social desirability or undesirability of a given effect is a function (will differ with) each specific decisional context; that therefore the social impact of such effect will in all likelihood differ with each specific decisional context; and that the social significance of even the dame social impact of a given effect will vary from one decisional context to another when such social impact interacts with (competes with or reinforces) the social impacts of other effects. It also follows from this analysis that the respective roles of scientific method (demonstrable data) and adversarial system will not only differ with each specific decisional context but with each alternative course of action available to the decisional entity in each specific context.

  3. Parental authority in flux

    OpenAIRE

    Reiter, Herwig; Kuhar, Metka

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this article is to investigate the workings of parental authority in Slovenian families: how is parental authority asserted and how do adolescents react to parental authority? Based on a qualitative exploration, the study shows that parental authority is accommodated in ways that comply with the general culture of intergenerational negotiations

  4. Atomic Energy Authority Bill

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    On the third reading of the Atomic Energy Authority Bill the following matters were discussed: safety research and thermal reactor work - how funded when the Authority is operating on trading fund basis; future financial framework of the Authority; capital investment; loans; effect of change on Authority employees. (U.K.)

  5. Memorandum of understanding between the Bureau of Sport Fisheries and Wildlife and the United States Atomic Energy Commission [Hawaiian Islands National Wildlife Refuge

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This document is a memorandum of an agreement between the U.S. Bureau of Sport Fisheries and Wildlife and the US Atomic Energy Commission. It states that the BSFW...

  6. Lock and Dam No. 9 : Arkansas River, Arkansas : Supplement No. 2 to Design Memorandum No. 1, General Fish and Wildlife Facilities at Holla Bend National Wildlife Refuge

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This supplement is prepared in compliance with instructions included in 2d endorsement ENGCW-EZ dated 9 June 1965 to the transmittal letter for Design Memorandum...

  7. Proposed memorandum of understanding between University of Hawaii and U.S. Bureau of Sport Fisheries and Wildlife [Hawaiian Islands National Wildlife Refuge

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This document is a proposed memorandum of an agreement between the University of Hawaii and the U.S. Bureau of Sport Fisheries and Wildlife. It states that...

  8. A Study of the Role of Decisional Balance in Exercise Status Among Yazd’s Staff Based on Transtheoretical Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mazloomy Mahmoudabad Saeid

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: According to statistical evidence put forward by WHO in 2003, lack of physical activity is the reason for 1.9 million deaths in the world. More than 60% of adults in the world and more than 80% of Iranian adults do not perform sufficient levels of physical activity. Despite the great advantages of exercise a huge portion of the population of many countries do not exercise adequately thus deprived of its benefits. Transtheoretical model is identified as a comprehensive model for behavior change and decision balance is regarded as a fundamental structure of the model which centers around positive and negative behavior change consequences. In this study decision was made to check the situation of sport change process in Yazd’s staff according to Transtheoretical Model and its relation with decision balance.Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 220 subjects were recruited. The subjects were selected through 2-stage cluster sampling-test; the instruments for data collection were a questionnaire that consisted of two parts (demographic variables and construct of TTM. Data analyzed by ANOVA and T-test through SPSS and P<0.05 was significant.Results: Results of the study on 152 males (69.1% and 68 females (30.9% with the average age of 34±8.68 indicated a significant relationship between pros and cons with stages of change (both P<0.0001 and between pros with age (P=0.004. Of 220 study group 44(20% were in pre-contemplation stage, 88 (40% in contemplation, 30(13.6% in preparation, 16(7.3% in action and 42(19.1% in maintenance stage.Conclusion: With regard to the fact that transtheoretical model has revealed a significant relationship between decisional balance and stage of change in exercise. It is proposed that accomplish educational class for employees, in order to increase pros and reduce cons of exercise.

  9. Instructions for Authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    <正>1. Items of the paper Title, author’s name and working unit,abstract, key words, text and reference.2. Author and working unit Entitled authors should be those involved in the research and would

  10. Instructions for Authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    <正>1. Items of the paper Title, author’s name and working unit,abstract, key words, text andreference.2. Author and working unitEntitled authors should be those involved in the research and wouldbe able to answer

  11. An automated Certification Authority

    CERN Document Server

    Shamardin, L V

    2002-01-01

    This note describe an approach to building an automated Certification Authority. It is compatible with basic requirements of RFC2527. It also supports Registration Authorities and Globus Toolkit grid-cert-renew automatic certificate renewal.

  12. [Memorandum on sustainable reinforcement of prevention and health promotion: challenges at the federal, state and local level].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walter, U; Nöcker, G; Pawils, S; Robra, B-P; Trojan, A; Franz, M; Grossmann, B; Schmidt, T-A; Lehmann, H; Bauer, U; Göpel, E; Janz, A; Kuhn, J; Naegele, G; Müller-Kohlenberg, H; Plaumann, M; Stender, K-P; Stolzenberg, R; Süß, W; Trenker, M; Wanek, V; Wildner, M

    2015-05-01

    Research-based evidence and practice-based experience are core requirements for the effective implementation of preventive interventions. The knowledge gained in the Prevention Research Funding Initiative of the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (2004-2013) was therefore amalgamated, reflected and consolidated in the Cooperation for Sustainable Prevention Research (KNP) meta-project. In annual strategy meetings, researchers and practitioners from the field and other experts developed 3 memoranda providing recommendations for the further development of research and practice in the field of prevention and health promotion. Memorandum III is primarily aimed at decision-makers in politics and administration at the federal, state and local level, in civil society and in the workplace. Its recommendations show that structuring efforts are urgently needed to achieve sustainable policy, particularly in the fields of health, education, employment and social affairs. Memorandum III brings together the knowledge extracted and problems identified in research projects. More so than its 2 predecessors, Memorandum III abstracts knowledge from the individual projects and attempts to derive guidance for action and decision-making, as shown by the 7 recommendations that appear to useful for consensus-building in practice and research. Value judgments are inevitable. Prevention and health promotion are an investment in the future: of social health, social capital and social peace. Improvement of the framework conditions is needed to achieve the harmonized awareness and the sustained effectiveness of these structure-building efforts in different policy areas, spheres of life, fields of action, and groups of actors. This includes the implementation of an overall national strategy as well as the expansion of sources of funding, extension of the legal framework, overarching coordination, and the establishment of a National Center of Excellence to develop and safeguard

  13. Clinical immunology--guidelines for organization, training and certification: memorandum from a WHO/IUIS/IAACI meeting.

    OpenAIRE

    1994-01-01

    This Memorandum describes the status and scope of clinical immunology, allergology, and laboratory immunology, and their involvement in the diagnosis, treatment and prophylaxis of a large number of diseases. The strengthening of these specialities within the organization of health care facilities in developed and developing countries is underlined, based on appropriate training of doctors, non-medical scientists and technicians. A common core programme for basic training in clinical immunolog...

  14. Authority in Engineering Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stephan, Karl D.

    2012-01-01

    Authority as a philosophical concept is defined both in general and as it applies to engineering education. Authority is shown to be a good and necessary part of social structures, in contrast to some cultural trends that regard it as an unnecessary and outmoded evil. Technical, educational, and organizational authority in their normal functions…

  15. Communication of authority

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holt, Else Kragelund

    2009-01-01

    The Book of Jeremiah emphasises that the prophet has his authority from God, who communicated this authority to the prophet by calling him. Being invested with divine authority, the prophet was disjuncted from the people, but conjuncted with God, in a process where the divine word is closely...

  16. Exceso de confianza y optimismo en las decisiones de presupuesto de capital: las finanzas corporativas desde un enfoque centrado en el comportamiento.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro José Useche Arévalo

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo presenta, como resultado de la revisión de literatura efectuada como un proyecto de investigación, un análisis comparativo entre el proceso de evaluación de decisiones de inversión, desde la teoría financiera tradicional, y un nuevo enfoque complementario que surge desde las finanzas corporativas basadas en el comportamiento (Behavioral Corporate Finance, un campo creciente de investigación en el cual se incorporan las influencias emocionales y cognitivas con el fin de lograr una mejor comprensión respecto a la toma de decisiones empresariales. Se analiza, en particular, la forma en la que los sesgos en el comportamiento, denominados exceso de confianza y optimismo, influyen de forma sistemática en el proceso de presupuesto de capital. La evidencia empírica demuestra que dichos sesgos conducen a sobreestimar los flujos de caja netos esperados y a subestimar sus varianzas, lo cual resulta principalmente en decisiones financieras sub-óptimas (i.e. sobreinversión y excesiva exposición al riesgo, aunque en ocasiones originan también prácticas que aportan valor a la empresa (i.e. rapidez en la ejecución de proyectos y mayor compromiso. El trabajo plantea recomendaciones para corregir las distorsiones que los sesgos psicológicos del exceso de confianza y el optimismo generan sobre el proceso de presupuesto de capital.

  17. How Workplace Managers Can Protect Against Hostile Environment Claims From Their Female And Male Employees: A Legal Review Of Decisional Law

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nina Compton

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Sexual harassment can occur in a variety of circumstances within the workplace setting.  A review of case law illuminates the circumstances that have been identified as sexual harassment.  Sexual harassment is a form of sex discrimination that violates Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of l964.  This paper reviews the decisional law which has recognized various forms of prohibited sexual harassment.  The case analysis explores numerous types of “hostile environment” sexual harassment that can occur, including persistent abusive behavior by a victim’s supervisor, an agent of the employer, and a co-worker.  Moreover, the victim as well the harasser may be a woman or a man. The victim does not have to be of the opposite sex.  Under present decisional mandate, the victim must use any employer complaint mechanism or grievance system available in order to prevail in a claim of sexual harassment.  The law also mandates that employers need to establish an effective complaint system and stated policy against sexual harassment and take immediate and appropriate action when an employee complains.  Employers are encouraged to employ procedures in their stated policies that will tend to prevent claims of sexual harassment. This paper discusses the legal regime of decisional law that governs the responsibility of both the employer and employee in a sexual harassment claim.  Methodologies that business managers can employ in order to protect themselves from liability are discussed and proposed in this treatment.

  18. A decisional space for fMRI pattern separation using the principal component analysis--a comparative study of language networks in pediatric epilepsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    You, Xiaozhen; Adjouadi, Malek; Wang, Jin; Guillen, Magno R; Bernal, Byron; Sullivan, Joseph; Donner, Elizabeth; Bjornson, Bruce; Berl, Madison; Gaillard, William D

    2013-09-01

    Atypical functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) language patterns may be identified by visual inspection or by region of interest (ROI)-based laterality indices (LI) but are constrained by a priori assumptions. We compared a data-driven novel application of principal component analysis (PCA) to conventional methods. We studied 122 fMRI data sets from control and localization-related epilepsy patients provided by five children's hospitals. Each subject performed an auditory description decision task. The data sets, acquired with different scanners but similar acquisition parameters, were processed through fMRIB software library to obtain 3D activation maps in standard space. A PCA analysis was applied to generate the decisional space and the data cluster into three distinct activation patterns. The classified activation maps were interpreted by (1) blinded reader rating based on predefined language patterns and (2) by language area ROI-based LI (i.e., fixed threshold vs. bootstrap approaches). The different classification results were compared through κ inter-rater agreement statistics. The unique decisional space classified activation maps into three clusters (a) lower intensity typical language representation, (b) higher intensity typical, as well as (c) higher intensity atypical representation. Inter-rater agreements among the three raters were excellent (Fleiss κ = 0.85, P = 0.05). There was substantial to excellent agreement between the conventional visual rating and LI methods (κ = 0.69-0.82, P = 0.05). The PCA-based method yielded excellent agreement with conventional methods (κ = 0.82, P = 0.05). The automated and data-driven PCA decisional space segregates language-related activation patterns in excellent agreement with current clinical rating and ROI-based methods. PMID:22461299

  19. Panorámica de las teorías y métodos de investigación en torno a la toma de decisiones en el tenis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Garc\\u00EDa-Gonz\\u00E1lez

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available En esta revisión teórica y metodológica sobre la toma de decisiones en el tenis, buscamos exponer distintas aproximaciones explicativas del proceso decisional, fundamentadas en dos perspectivas: la psicología cognitiva y la psicología ecológica. Dentro del planteamiento de la psicología cognitiva, en base a los modelos de procesamiento de la información, nos centramos en la importancia de los comportamientos visuales y las estrategias perceptivas como mediadores de habilidades de anticipación y de decisión en el tenis, así como otros conceptos relacionados, como la atención o la agudeza visual. Posteriormente se explican otras teorías cognitivas basadas en las representaciones mentales y el desarrollo de distintos tipos de memoria como elemento central y determinante de la toma de decisiones. El segundo enfoque aborda la toma de decisiones desde la psicología ecológica, realizando una aproximación a la toma de decisiones en tenis en torno a la dinámica ecológica, planteando la importancia del entorno y los constraints, y entendiendo el tenis como un sistema no-lineal, dinámico y auto-organizado. Abordamos igualmente distintas aproximaciones metodológicas de evaluación de la toma de decisiones en el tenis, independientemente del marco teórico que las sustenta. Exponemos distintas formas de evaluar la toma de decisiones a través de análisis de protocolos verbales y cuestionarios, análisis observacional, análisis de variables cinemáticas, y también análisis perceptivos. Por último, concluimos la necesidad de superar algunas limitaciones para estudiar la toma de decisiones de una forma global, donde la toma de decisiones se vincule directamente a las acciones de juego.

  20. Respect My Authority

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jonathan Gorman

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Some simple modifications to VuFind, an open source library resource portal, improve the retrieval of both lists of works and information about authors from Wikipedia. These modifications begin to address ways that current "next-generation" catalogs fail to fully harness all of the bibliographic tools available for indexing and presenting author information. Simple methods such as those described in this article, which make use of full headings for authors, can offer marked improvements to these systems.

  1. Conceptual model for regional radionuclide transport from a basalt repository site. Final draft, technical memorandum

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This technical memorandum was prepared to: (1) describe a typical basalt radionuclide repository site, (2) describe geologic and hydrologic processes associated with regional radionuclide transport in basalts, (3) define the parameters required to model regional radionuclide transport from a basalt repository site, and (4) develop a ''conceptual model'' of radionuclide transport from a basalt repository site. In a general hydrological sense, basalts may be described as layered sequences of aquifers and aquitards. The Columbia River Basalt, centered near the semi-arid Pasco Basin, is considered by many to be typical basalt repository host rock. Detailed description of the flow system including flow velocities with high-low hydraulic conductivity sequences are not possible with existing data. However, according to theory, waste-transport routes are ultimately towards the Columbia River and the lengths of flow paths from the repository to the biosphere may be relatively short. There are many physical, chemical, thermal, and nuclear processes with associated parameters that together determine the possible pattern of radionuclide migration in basalts and surrounding formations. Brief process descriptions and associated parameter lists are provided. Emphasis has been placed on the use of the distribution coefficient in simulating ion exchange. The use of the distribution coefficient approach is limited because it takes into account only relatively fast mass transfer processes. In general, knowledge of hydrogeochemical processes is primitive

  2. Fiscal Year 1999 memorandum of understanding for the TWRS characterization project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    During fiscal year 1999, the level of success achieved by the Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS) shall be determined by specific performance measures. These measures take the form of significant deliverables, one of which is the completion of Tank Characterization Reports (TCRS). In order to achieve success regarding the TCR performance deliverable, multiple organizations across TWRS must work together. Therefore, the requirements and expectations needed from each of these TWRS organizations were examined in order to gain an understanding of the performance necessary from each organization to achieve the end deliverable. This memorandum of understanding (MOU) documents the results of this review and establishes the performance criteria by which TWRS will assess its progress and success. These criteria have been determined based upon a TWRS Characterization Project budget of $42.1 million for fiscal year 1999; if this budget is changed or the currently identified workscope is modified, this MOU will need to be revised accordingly. This MOU is subdivided into six sections, where sections three through six each identify individual interfaces between TWRS organizations. The specific performance criteria related to each TWRS organizational interface are then delineated in the section, along with any additional goals or issues pertaining to that interface

  3. Fiscal year 1998 memorandum of understanding for the TWRS characterization project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    During fiscal year 1998, the level of success achieved by the Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS) shall be determined by specific performance measures. These measures take the form of significant deliverables, one of which is the completion of Tank Characterization Reports (TCRs). In order to achieve success regarding the TCR performance deliverable, multiple organizations across TWRS must work together. Therefore, the requirements and expectations needed from each of these TWRS organizations were examined in order to gain an understanding of the performance necessary from each organization to achieve the end deliverable. This memorandum of understanding (MOU) documents the results of this review and establishes the performance criteria by which TWRS will assess its progress and success. These criteria have been determined based upon a TWRS Characterization Project budget of $47.5 million for fiscal year 1998; if this budget is changed or the currently identified work scope is modified, this MOU will need to be revised accordingly. This MOU is subdivided into six sections, where sections three through six each identify individual interfaces between TWRS organizations. The specific performance criteria related to each TWRS organizational interface are then delineated in the section, along with any additional goals or issues pertaining to that interface

  4. Decisiones de financiamiento en pymes: ¿existen diferencias en función del tamaño y la forma legal?

    OpenAIRE

    Anahí Briozzo; Hernán Vigier; Natalia Castillo; Gabriela Pesce; M. Carolina Speronie

    2016-01-01

    Se analiza si existen características diferenciales en las pequeñas y medianas empresas en función de su tamaño y de su forma legal. Se estudian en especial las decisiones de financiamiento, tomando como marco el enfoque de jerarquía financiera, trade-off y ciclo de vida. Empleando una muestra de empresas radicadas en la ciudad de Bahía Blanca (Argentina), se realizan test no paramétricos y test de independencia sobre las variables. Los resultados muestran que las empresas de mayor tamaño se ...

  5. La otra y nosotras : La distorsión de la identidad como trastorno de la personalidad en la toma de decisiones para el consumo

    OpenAIRE

    Maceri, Sandra Beatriz

    2013-01-01

    Este trabajo investiga el problema de la distorsión de la identidad como trastorno de la personalidad en la toma de decisiones para el consumo en el caso específico de las mujeres occidentales entre 30 y 60 años de clase media-alta. El universo elegido para la investigación es el más representativo pues constituye el 80% del total de las consumidoras. (Majfud 2009) Nuestra hipótesis sostiene que la construcción de la propia imagen puede implicar la distorsión de la identidad y configurarse, e...

  6. Toma de decisiones, valores y factores contextuales, su relación con el consumo de energía eléctrica

    OpenAIRE

    García-Landa, Claudia; Montero, María

    2013-01-01

    Se sometió a prueba empírica un modelo correlacional de consumo sobre energía eléctrica en viviendas de la Ciudad de México. Se seleccionaron 224 amas de casa mediante un mues-treo polietápico por estratos, medio y bajo, utilizando como referencia de análisis el listado de unidades habitacionales (Procuraduría Social del Gobierno del Distrito Federal, 2006). Se planteó que el consumo de energía eléctrica en viviendas dependía de la toma de decisiones del ama de casa, factores contextuales y v...

  7. How Workplace Managers Can Protect Against Hostile Environment Claims From Their Female And Male Employees: A Legal Review Of Decisional Law

    OpenAIRE

    Nina Compton

    2011-01-01

    Sexual harassment can occur in a variety of circumstances within the workplace setting.  A review of case law illuminates the circumstances that have been identified as sexual harassment.  Sexual harassment is a form of sex discrimination that violates Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of l964.  This paper reviews the decisional law which has recognized various forms of prohibited sexual harassment.  The case analysis explores numerous types of “hostile environment” sexual harassment that can...

  8. DECISIONES DE PRODUCCIÓN, CAPACIDADES DE PRODUCCIÓN Y PRIORIDADES COMPETITIVAS. UN ESTUDIO APLICADO AL SECTOR DEL METAL EN ESPAÑA /

    OpenAIRE

    Urgal González, B.; García Vázquez, J. M.

    2006-01-01

    El objetivo de este trabajo es examinar la relación entre la implantación de ciertas decisiones y políticas generadoras de capacidades de producción (automatización flexible de la planta, ingeniería de diseño y de fabricación, sistemas de gestión y control de calidad, y prácticas de recursos humanos centradas en el empowerment) y la importancia otorgada a determinadas prioridades competitivas en la estrategia de negocio. La base de datos utilizada está integrada por la información obtenida me...

  9. La lógica de lo ilógico: toma de decisiones, Clausewitz y la Estrategia de Defensa de los Estados Unidos

    OpenAIRE

    Surasky, Javier

    2003-01-01

    El trabajo comienza por plantear un diseño teórico de los procesos de toma de decisiones de los Estados en materia de política exterior, para luego adentrarse en el análisis teórico de la guerra como institución, sobre las ideas de Von Clausewitz; finalmente ambos extremos se vinculan al confluir sobre en una aproximación al reciente conflicto en Irak, prestando particular consideración a la nueva doctrina de seguridad nacional de los Estados Unidos y el concepto de la legítima defensa preven...

  10. Conflictos normativos y decisiones contra legem: una explicación de la derrotabilidad normativa a partir de la distinción entre reglas y principios

    OpenAIRE

    Bustamante, Thomas

    2010-01-01

    El presente trabajo constituye un esfuerzo de explicación del fenómeno de la derrotabilidad de las normas jurídicas y de las diferentes formas de interacción entre reglas y principios jurídicos. Tras la adopción de la clasificación de las normas jurídicas propuesta por R. Alexy se espera construir un modelo para explicar la estructura de las decisiones contra legem. The present paper is an effort to explain both the phenomenon of the defeasibility of legal norms and the different forms of ...

  11. La hipótesis del Marcador Somático y su nivel de incidencia en el proceso de toma de decisiones

    OpenAIRE

    Márquez, María del Rocío; Salguero Alcañiz, María del Pilar; Alameda Bailén, José Ramón

    2013-01-01

    Las funciones ejecutivas son un conjunto integrado de habilidades implicadas en la producción, supervisión y control de conductas dirigidas a objetivos. Relacionado con las funciones ejecutivas están los procesos de toma de decisiones, estos procesos según la teoría del Marcador Somático dependen de manera fundamental de los mecanismos neurales que regulan la homeostasis, las emociones y los sentimientos. Para su evaluación se viene utilizando como instrumento la “Iowa Gambling...

  12. El Perfeccionamiento de la gestión ambiental desde el análisis de riesgo para la toma eficiente de decisiones

    OpenAIRE

    Alejandro Merayo Rodríguez; Oscar Santiago Barzaga Sablón

    2010-01-01

    Se aborda la gestión ambiental y su articulación con la gestión de riesgo y la vulnerabilidad, como herramientas para la toma efectiva de decisiones, en la que se realizó un análisis de la evolución relacionada con la percepción de los problemas ambientales y su relación con la gestión ambiental, teniendo como punto de partida los diferentes paradigmas económicos que fueron marcando los distintos momentos de su desarrollo hasta la actualidad. Se presenta como resultado del estudio, una reform...

  13. Efecto del tipo de colocación en el comportamiento visual y la toma de decisiones en bloqueadores de voleibol

    OpenAIRE

    Sara Vila-Maldonado; Nieves María Sáez Gallego; Jorge Abellán Hernández; Onofre Ricardo Contreras Jordán

    2012-01-01

    El objetivo del presente estudio ha sido analizar el comportamiento visual y de la toma de decisiones de jugadores de voleibol en la acción del bloqueo, ante dos situaciones diferentes de colocación: en apoyo y en salto. La muestra estaba compuesta por siete jugadores (25,14 ± 3,98 años de edad) de categoría absoluta, que participaban durante el juego en la acción del bloqueo. Todos los participantes competían en liga FEV. Se utilizó el sistema de registro de los movimientos oculares Mobile E...

  14. Análisis de la actuación del gestor de capital riesgo en la toma de decisiones de participación financiera

    OpenAIRE

    Ramón Llorens, María del Camino

    2011-01-01

    [ESP] Esta tesis doctoral analiza el proceso de toma de decisiones que realiza el gestor de capital riesgo, reconocido como experto en el análisis y valoración de nuevos proyectos arriesgados. Para justificar este proceso de actuación, que abarca desde la fase de contactos previos hasta la desinversión, establecemos como premisa la influencia que diferentes fuerzas institucionales ejercen sobre el comportamiento del gestor, así como la existencia de problemas de información asimétrica q...

  15. Herramienta para la enseñanza de la Teoría de las Restricciones para la Toma de Decisiones Empresariales

    OpenAIRE

    Pessacq, Raúl Adolfo; Champredonde, Raúl; Sanz, Cecilia Verónica

    1997-01-01

    Se desarrolló un software educativo de nivel universitario, tomando como base la Teoría de Restricciones para la toma de decisiones empresariales. Se realiza conjuntamente una crítica a la Contabilidad de Costos, utilizando conceptos del libro de E. Goldratt: “El Síndrome de Pajar”. El tema pertenece a uno de los nuevos movimientos de gerenciamiento y propone el estudio sistémico de un proceso productivo, optimizando el todo a partir de la detección y explotación de restricciones. Contrapone ...

  16. La información y la tecnología para la toma de decisiones: aplicación Data WareHouse en instituciones hniversitarias

    OpenAIRE

    Minnaard, Claudia; Servetto, Diego; Lobo Mirassón, Unelén; Pascal, Guadalupe

    2015-01-01

    El presente artículo se orienta a presentar algunos resultados que surgen de la aplicación de un sistema para la toma de decisiones (Data Warehouse) en la gestión académica, así como también para analizar el comportamiento del alumnado con respecto al rendimiento académico. Se propone la definición de indicadores y métricas que sean relevantes para mejorar el nivel educativo de la Institución, especialmente en el ámbito Universitario. Actualmente los Sistemas de Gestión de Alumnos carecen ...

  17. Decisiones morales y ciudadanas de adolescentes escolarizados de 16 y 17 años en contextos cotidianos de la ciudad de Bogotá

    OpenAIRE

    Rodríguez Villamil, Hernán

    2011-01-01

    La presente investigación busca identificar, el aporte de la psicología socio moral respecto a las implicaciones morales de las decisiones ciudadanas en dos grupos de jóvenes adolescentes escolarizados de 16 y 17 años. Para esto se tomó un grupo de veintitrés estudiantes de un Colegio Militar, de la localidad de Usme, de once grado. Y otro, de nueve estudiantes universitarios de primer semestre, de la localidad de Usaquén, de las facultades de Relaciones Internacionales y Medicina. Respect...

  18. El derecho humano a la información accesible : Importancia en el proceso de toma de decisiones de las personas con discapacidad intelectual

    OpenAIRE

    Espósito, Claudio Flavio Augusto

    2015-01-01

    El objetivo principal de esta investigación se centra indagar en la importancia del derecho humano a la información accesible de las personas con discapacidad intelectual y su influencia en el proceso de toma de decisiones a la luz del” Modelo Social de la Discapacidad”. El autor entiende que la información que los seres humanos obtenemos de nuestro entorno, resulta ser la base de ese proceso, que nos va a permitir la posibilidad de ejercicio de los derechos en igualdad de condiciones q...

  19. Diseño e implantación de un sistema de apoyo a las decisiones basado en el modelo de transporte.

    OpenAIRE

    Yacuzzi, Enrique; Rodríguez, Víctor M.

    2002-01-01

    Se presenta el diseño y la implantación del SPT (Sistema de Producción y Transporte), un sistema de apoyo a las decisiones (DSS) basado en el modelo de transporte. Fue construido para una empresa argentina de cemento que abastece a sus clientes desde varias plantas industriales y está estructurado sobre el Optimat, un software comercial. Se lo utiliza con éxito en la planificación operativa y en la decisión de las políticas empresariales, tanto estratégicas como tácticas. El proyecto da gran ...

  20. Dos contextos de intervención de la sociedad civil: a propósito de su participación en la toma de decisiones ambientales

    OpenAIRE

    Erli Margarita Marín Aranguren

    2009-01-01

    Cercanos a la Conferencia de Copenhague, donde debe producirse un acuerdo multilateral que aborde el cambio climático, se hace imprescindible volver la mirada a la sociedad civil que tanto en el ámbito internacional como en el nacional se intenta dejar de lado a la hora de tomar decisiones ambientales. Al estudiar a este actor social y político cabe preguntarse ¿hasta ahora las organizaciones de la sociedad civil han tenido juego en el ciclo de las políticas públicas ambientales? Y si es así,...

  1. Association of Self-efficacy and Decisional Balance with Stages of Change for Fiber Intake and Glycemic Control in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parisa Keshani

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objectives: Constructs of behavioral models such as trans-theoretical model can be associated with healthy eating behaviors like increasing fiber intake. They can also be effective in improving these behaviors in patients with diabetes. This study aimed to assess the association of self-efficacy and decisional balance with stages of change for fiber intake and glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 145 literate male and female patients with type 2 diabetes (aged 30 to 65 years they were randomly selected from the patients’ list of “Charity Foundation for Special Diseases” and ”Iranian Diabetes Society” in Tehran-Iran. Stages of change, self-efficacy, and decisional balance questionnaires were filled out, and three food records were used to assess their nutritional status. Blood samples were taken to assess fasting blood glucose, HbA1c, serum insulin, and insulin resistance. One-way ANOVA and logistic regression were used to analyze the data. The tests were done using the SPSS software (ver. 16. P<0.05 was considered significant. Results: 126 patients with type 2 diabetes completed the study. Participants’ mean age was 53.5±6.02 and 65% were men. Patients in post-action stages revealed higher self-efficacy than did those in pre-action stages (P=0.035. A relationship was observed between insulin resistance and self-efficacy (P=0.040. One unit increase in self-efficacy decreased the risk of insulin resistance by 12%, and each unit increase in decisional balance increased the chance of eating sufficient fiber by 2.2 times. There was also a significant relationship between the perceived cons (P<0.0001 and self-efficacy (P=0.037 with fiber intake after adjustment with confounders. Conclusions: This study suggests that there is a relationship between transtheoretical model constructs such as self-efficacy and decisional balance, especially cons, with

  2. Collaborative authoring workshop

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Klemke, Roland; Schmitz, Birgit

    2009-01-01

    Klemke, R., & Schmitz, B. (2009). Collaborative authoring workshop. Workshop presentation at the Joint Technology Enhanced Learning Summerschool (JTELSS 2009). May, 30-June, 6, 2009, Terchova, Slovakia.

  3. Instructions for authors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Editors Editorial Board

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available

    INSTRUCTIONS FOR AUTHORS
    Author Guidelines
    Authors must submit their papers via email to brain@edusoft.ro (please! or they can create an account and submit their papers online, at www.brain.edusoft.ro. Submited papers must be written in DOC format (Microsoft Word document, in as clear and as simple as possible English. Preferred maximum paper length for the papers is 20 pages, including figures.
    The template for the paper is at this address:
    http://www.edusoft.ro/Template_for_BRAIN.docRAIN vol. 3, issue 3, Instructions for authors

  4. The Authors Reply

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guilloteaux, Marie J.; Dornyei, Zoltan

    2009-01-01

    This article presents the authors' reply to Rod Ellis's comments on their study on motivated classroom behavior. As Ellis correctly summarizes, the three student variables selected for investigation in the authors' study were attention, participation, and volunteering for teacher-fronted activity. These three components were then summed up in a…

  5. Instructions for Authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    <正>1.Items of the paper Title,author’s name and working unit,abstract,key words,text and reference. 2.Author and working unit Entitled authors should be those involved in the research and would be able to answer relevant questions.The working units,cities and

  6. American Indian Authors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Momaday, Natachee Scott

    Twenty-six selections by 15 contemporary American Indian authors are given in this book. The selections--legends, ceremonial chants and prayers, poems, and stories--are accompanied by topics for discussion. Some of the selections deal with the supernatural, and some tell an actual story about the author. Pictures and short biographies of each…

  7. Multimedia Authoring and Annotation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bulterman, D.C.A.; Cesar Garcia, P.S.; Munson, E.; Pimentel, M.G.C.

    2014-01-01

    With the massive amount of captured multimedia, authoring is more relevant than ever. Multimedia content is available in many settings including the web, mobile devices, desktop applications, as well as games and interactive TV. The authoring and production of multimedia documents demands attention

  8. The Authors Reply

    Science.gov (United States)

    File, Kieran A.; Adams, Rebecca

    2010-01-01

    This article presents the authors' reply to Beniko Mason and Stephen Krashen's comments on their recent article published in "TESOL Quarterly." Mason and Krashen have provided an interesting reinterpretation of the authors' results and have also brought up several valid points regarding the efficiency of vocabulary learning from instruction,…

  9. Taking decision theory and its application in the medical assistance field (I. La teoría sobre la toma de decisiones y su aplicación al campo de la asistencia médica (I

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Alberto Corona Martínez

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available Decision making is a necessary element in the medical work. This article is a part of a series of articles that is aimed at divulging some theoretical aspects about decision making and their concrete application in the medical assistance. This paper analyses the classic (rational and behavioural theories in decision making.

    La toma de decisiones es un elemento necesariamente presente en la labor asistencial del médico. Este artículo forma parte de una serie que tiene como propósito la divulgación de algunos aspectos teóricos generales acerca del proceso de toma de decisiones y la aplicación concreta de estos en la asistencia médica. En este trabajo son analizadas las teorías clásica (racional y conductista de la toma de decisiones.

  10. Tecnologías de información en la toma de decisiones operativas en empresas petroleras del estado Zulia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Romero, Mildred

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Las tecnologías de información (TI han surgido como nuevas herramientas que transforman la manera tradicional de hacer las cosas, facilitando la automatización en actividades tanto operativas como administrativas en las organizaciones y mejorando el manejo de información. Atendiendo a la relevancia que han tomado las TI, el presente estudio se planteó como objetivo analizar la influencia de las tecnologías de información en la delegación de autoridad, y en la eficacia, eficiencia y efectividad de las decisiones operativas en las empresas del sector petrolero del estado Zulia. Fundamentándose para ello en los postulados de autores como Daft (2007, Domínguez et al. (1995, Fernández et al. (2003, Oz (2001, entre otros. La población objeto de estudio la conforman las empresas que prestan servicios a pozo. Llevándose a cabo una investigación de tipo descriptiva- transeccional con un diseño no experimental. Como resultado se pudo apreciar que las TI en las empresas del sector petrolero del estado Zulia han presentado mayor relevancia en la eficacia organizacional, es decir, han logrado las metas propuestas, sin embargo, los mismos resultados no son notorios en la eficiencia y efectividad. Palabras clave: Tecnologías de información, decisiones, operativo.

  11. Concepciones adultas sobre participación infantil en relación con la toma de decisiones de los niños

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana María Gallego Henao

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Con este artículo de investigación se genera reflexión sobre la concepción de participación infantil que tienen agentes educativos, cuidadores o personas significativas. La metodología se llevó a cabo mediante la realización de grupos focales y entrevistas a profundidad con 12 madres y 3 agentes educativos vinculados a un centro infantil del barrio Robledo, comuna siete de la ciudad de Medellín. Los resultados apuestan a tres aspectos básicamente: a. la participación infantil está relacionada con la posibilidad que tienen los niños y las niñas de expresar sentimientos, pensamientos y emociones, sin embargo el adulto termina siendo el centro de la participación y la toma de decisiones; b. la participación infantil se aprende en la familia, pero se potencia en el centro infantil y en el medio social; c. las personas significativas o cuidadores consideran que la participación infantil y la toma de decisiones son aspectos diferentes, lo que evidenciaría una fragmentación en ejercicio de este derecho. Se concluye que los adultos cuidadores consideran que “permitir” que los niños participen es perder la autoridad y el control sobre ellos.

  12. Efecto del tipo de colocación en el comportamiento visual y la toma de decisiones en bloqueadores de voleibol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sara Vila-Maldonado

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del presente estudio ha sido analizar el comportamiento visual y de la toma de decisiones de jugadores de voleibol en la acción del bloqueo, ante dos situaciones diferentes de colocación: en apoyo y en salto. La muestra estaba compuesta por siete jugadores (25,14 ± 3,98 años de edad de categoría absoluta, que participaban durante el juego en la acción del bloqueo. Todos los participantes competían en liga FEV. Se utilizó el sistema de registro de los movimientos oculares Mobile Eye de los laboratorios ASL para analizar el comportamiento visual, y el software Suberlab 4.0 para analizar la toma de decisiones. Los resultados muestran que los jugadores de voleibol usan diferentes estrategias visuales en los dos tipos de colocación analizadas; además la fijación balón-muñeca es la más repetida.

  13. Low Literacy Decision Aid Enhances Knowledge and Reduces Decisional Conflict among Diverse Population of Adults with Rheumatoid Arthritis: Results of a Pilot Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barton, Jennifer L.; Trupin, Laura; Schillinger, Dean; Evans-Young, Gina; Imboden, John; Montori, Victor M.; Yelin, Edward

    2016-01-01

    Objective Despite innovations in treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), adherence is poor and disparities persist. Shared decision making (SDM) promotes patient engagement and enhances adherence, however few tools support SDM in RA. Our objective was to pilot a low literacy medication guide and decision aid to facilitate patient-clinician conversations about RA medications. Methods RA patients were consecutively enrolled into one of three arms: (1) control, patients received existing medication guide prior to clinic visit; (2) adapted guide prior to visit; (3) adapted guide prior plus decision aid during visit. Outcomes were collected immediately post-visit, at 1-week, 3- and 6-month interviews. Eligible adults had to have failed at least one DMARD and fulfill one of the following: age >65, immigrant, non-English speaker, immigrants (66%), non-English speakers (54%), and had limited health literacy (71%). Adequate RA knowledge post visit in arm 3 was higher (78%) than arm 1 (53%, adjusted OR 2.7, 95% CI 1.2–6.1). Among patients with a medication change, there was lower (better) mean decisional conflict in arms 2 and 3 (p=0.03). No significant differences in acceptability. Conclusion A low literacy medication guide and decision aid was acceptable, improved knowledge, and reduced decisional conflict among vulnerable RA patients. Enhancing knowledge and patient engagement with decision support tools may lead to medication choices better aligned with patient values and preferences in RA. PMID:26605752

  14. Organization Authority File

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Archives and Records Administration — The Organization Authority Files data set contains a highly detailed presentation of the evolution of names and administrative histories of Federal and non-Federal...

  15. Copyright Authorization Statement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    正Should the article be accepted and published by Meteorological and Environmental Research,the author hereby grants exclu-sively to the editorial department of Meteorological and Environmental Research the digital reproduction

  16. Copyright Authorization Statement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Should the article be accepted and published by Meteorological and Environmental Research,the author hereby grants exclu-sively to the editorial department of Meteorological and Environmental Research the digital reproduction

  17. GUIDE TO AUTHOR

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions has no page chargesManuscript Submission.Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions operates an online submission and peer review system that allows authors to submit articles onlineand track their

  18. Distributed Authorization in Vanadium

    OpenAIRE

    Taly, Ankur; Shankar, Asim

    2016-01-01

    In this tutorial, we present an authorization model for distributed systems that operate with limited internet connectivity. Reliable internet access remains a luxury for a majority of the world's population. Even for those who can afford it, a dependence on internet connectivity may lead to sub-optimal user experiences. With a focus on decentralized deployment, we present an authorization model that is suitable for scenarios where devices right next to each other (such as a sensor or a frien...

  19. Author Identification in Dialnet

    OpenAIRE

    Bergasa, Eduardo

    2012-01-01

    26 slides.-- Presentation delivered at the Topic Session "Identifiers". The presentation introduces the Dialnet Foundation, a public non-profit organisation founded 2009 as a Spin-off from the University of La Rioja in Spain, and the Dialnet portal whose database holds nearly 4M documents, mostly in Spanish. Authority control is one of the strategic Dialnet worklines and permanent cleaning work is done on the over 2.5M author records in cooperation with universities and other institutions....

  20. Authority Control for INVENIO

    CERN Document Server

    Dickinson, Christopher Michael; Omar, Abou Khaled; Felber, Pascal

    This is the final report for a Bachelor project at the École d'Ingénieurs et d'Architectes (EIA-FR), in collaboration with the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) near Geneva. The official starting date for this project was June 30th 2011. All of the work described in this document was done at CERN during an internship in the IT-UDS-CDS team. The goal of the project was to add authority contro1 to INVENIO. Authority control provides a library management software with two main functions. 1. It allows the disambiguation between similar or identical terms, such as author names referring to different people. 2. It allows for the collocation of seemingly distinct information that logically belongs together, e.g. alternate names for an author or institution. In recent years, INVENIO users have seen the need to control standardized ways of managing the names of authors and institutions, journals and subjects. “Authority records” keep track of the standard way (e.g. “Curie, Marie”) as well as...

  1. Decisiones sobre crianza de los hijos en familias reconstituidas/ child-rearing decisions in stepfamilies/ decisões sobre a criação dos filhos em famílias reconstituídas

    OpenAIRE

    Karen Ripoll-Núñez; Karen Martínez Arrieta; Ángela María Giraldo Gallo

    2013-01-01

    Con el propósito de identificar las experiencias de padres y madres en familias reconstituidas sobre la toma de decisiones referentes a la crianza de los hijos, se entrevistó a nueve mujeres y tres hombres con segunda o tercera unión marital. El análisis de las temáticas identificadas indicó que padres y madres perciben mayor autonomía en decisiones relacionadas con la crianza de sus hijos. Sin embargo, los participantes coinciden en que su pareja actual se involucra en la crianza y participa...

  2. Condicionantes internos de la política exterior argentina : La participación del cuerpo decisional legislativo en el diseño de la agenda internacional de la política exterior argentina (1999-2003)

    OpenAIRE

    Sánchez, Leandro Enrique

    2013-01-01

    El objeto de estudio de este trabajo es la elaboración de la política exterior argentina y el objetivo es dar cuenta de la participación que el cuerpo decisional legislativo tiene en la política exterior, especialmente en la confección de la agenda de política exterior. Por ende, el problema de investigación consiste en el análisis de uno de los condicionantes internos de la política exterior argentina. Reside en el análisis de la participación del cuerpo decisional legislativo en el dis...

  3. Análisis de la toma de decisiones a nivel estratégico en las empresas de la ciudad de Manizales: Un diagnóstico basado en los principios de riesgos e incertidumbre

    OpenAIRE

    MartÍnez Buchelli, Sandra Milena; Rico Hincapié, Diana Marcela

    2003-01-01

    El presente trabajo es un diagnóstico de la toma de decisiones a nivel gerencial en las empresas de Manizales del sector manu facturero y de servicios, que se realiza con el fin de determinar qué tanto se conocen y aplican las teorías existentes en lo que respecta a la toma de decisiones en las organizaciones. Para ello se aplicó una encuesta a una muestra de 19 empresas de dicho s sectores cuyo análisis provee de unas conclusiones y recomendaciones que determinan el método o métodos empleado...

  4. Proceso metodológico para optimizar la toma de decisiones en el proyecto de envolventes arquitectónicas multicapa = Methodological process for the optimization of the decision making in multilayer building envelope projects

    OpenAIRE

    Hernández Martínez, María Carolina

    2015-01-01

    La presente tesis doctoral se enmarca dentro del concepto de la sistematización del conocimiento en arquitectura, más concretamente en el campo de las construcciones arquitectónicas y la toma de decisiones en la fase de proyecto de envolventes arquitectónicas multicapa. Por tanto, el objetivo principal es el establecimiento de las bases para una toma de decisiones informadas durante el proyecto de una envolvente multicapa con el fin de colaborar en su optimización. Del mismo modo que la histo...

  5. La toma de decisiones multicriterio eficaces en el ámbito de la pequeña y mediana empresa: el establecimiento de los objetivos y la determinación de los criterios

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández Barberis, Gabriela

    2001-01-01

    Una de las condiciones que define y caracteriza al empresario o directivo es que, en la empresa, él es la persona que toma las decisiones de importancia. Esta es una responsabilidad que ningún empresario o directivo puede eludir. Ahora bien, todo ser humano, por las propias condiciones en que se desenvuelve en la vida, se ve forzado, desde que supera el período de la primera infancia, a adoptar continuamente múltiples y variadas decisiones. No obstante, se plantean numerosos problemas y s...

  6. Contested sources of authority

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kyed, Helene Maria; Buur, Lars

    2006-01-01

    In Mozambique, the current legal framework institutionalizes a rural–urban differentiation of local governance, allowing for elected representation in thirty-three urban settings and the recognition of ‘community authorities’ in rural areas. This article deals with the latter by exploring the......, are inadequate for understanding the current situation. In formerly war-torn Sussundenga District, kin-based authorities drew on elements from ‘traditional’ and ‘state-administrative’ domains of authority in order to be recognized. Varied definitions of tradition came to justify leadership, but the...

  7. Information for Authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    Submission.All submitted manuscripts should contain original research not previously published and not under consideration for publication elsewhere.Authors are recommended to use the online submission service.To submit a manuscript,please visit http://www.climatechange.cn/,and follow the instructions to upload the paper files(in word format).Authors are encouraged to suggest the names and full contact details of potential referees on the understanding that the editor has the final decision on the selection of referees.

  8. The Reader as Author

    OpenAIRE

    Gillian Beer

    2014-01-01

    "The Reader as Author" explores how readers become co-authors of the literary experience, through the imaginative act of filling gaps or, indeed, through their resistance to authorial propositions. The “virtual witnessing” in Charles Darwin’s The Voyage of the Beagle and the companionable tone of Lewis Carroll’s Alice books—testify to the broad range of literary genres that invite readers to interact with and react to “author” texts beyond the initial writer’s control.

  9. Brief Guide for Authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2014-01-01

    <正>The Crop Journal is a bimonthly scientif ic journal co-sponsored by the Crop Science Society of China and the Institute of Crop Science, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences and China Science Publishing & Media Group Ltd. Published by Elsevier and Science Press. General Requirements Contributions submitted to The Crop Journal must be original works of the author(s) that have not been previously published or simultaneously submitted to any other journals. The experiment related to crop yield should be conducted at least two locations or growing seasons with replications. All the results should be supported by appropriate statistical analyses. Scopes ? Crop Germplasm Resources ? Crop Genetics, Genomics and Molecular Biology

  10. Instructions to authors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available This section is to be used by authors of the special issue "Social media and language learning: (revolution?" who write their text in English. Please use the model article file attached when writing your text. 1. Submission and publication principles Authors whose texts have been accepted agree to transfer the associated rights permanently to the Alsic journal. They are free to re-publish these works (in printed or electronic form subject to the following conditions: they clearly indicate t...

  11. The Author Strikes Back

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jansen, Hanne

    Many internationally published writers supply their translators with additional comments on the work to be translated. The aim of this paper is to study the kind of information that authors choose to convey to their translators, and to reflect on the degree in which, besides conveying factual and...

  12. Brief Guide for Authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    The Crop Journal is a bimonthly scientific journal co-sponsored by the Crop Science Society of China and the Institute of Crop Science,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences and China Science Publishing&Media; Group Ltd.Published by Elsevier and Science Press.General Requirements Contributions submitted to The Crop Journal must be original works of the author(s)that

  13. Instructions for authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    正Aims and scope Chinese Birds, launched from March 2010, is an international journal of ornithology jointly sponsored by Beijing Forestry University and the China Ornithological Society. The Journal intents to publish primarily peer-reviewed original articles, reviews and short communications produced by authors across the world, covering the full

  14. Instruction for authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Aims and scope Chinese Birds, launched from March 2010, is an international journal of ornithology jointly sponsored by Beijing Forestry University and the China Ornithological Society. The Journal intents to publish primarily peer-reviewed original articles, reviews and short communications produced by authors across the world, covering the full spectrum of subjects in ornithology,

  15. GUIDE TO AUTHOR

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions has no page charges Manuscript Submission. Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions operates an online submission and peer review system that allows authors to submit articles online and track their progress via a web interface.

  16. GUIDE TO AUTHOR

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions has no page charges Manuscript Submission.Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions operates an online submission and peer review system that allows authors to submit articles online and track their progress via a web interface. To submit a manuscript, please visit http://www.SCAR.ac.cn/, log on, get an account, and follow

  17. GUIDE TO AUTHOR

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions has no page charges Manuscript Scbmission.Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions operates an online submission and peer review system that allows authors to submit articles online and track their progress via a web interface.to submit a manuscript,

  18. GUIDE TO AUTHOR

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions has no page charges Manuscript Submission. Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions operates an online submission and peer review system that allows authors to submit articles onlineand track their progress via a web interface. To submit a manuscript,

  19. GUIDE TO AUTHOR

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions has no page chargesManuscript Submission. Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions operates an online submission and peer review system that allows authors to submit articles onlineand track their progress via a web interface. To submit a manuscript, please visit http://www.SCAR.ac.cn/, log on, get an account, and follow the

  20. Fish and Wildlife Service's authority on easement national wildlife refuges

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This memorandum is a response to questions asked by the Regional Director of Region 6 relating to uses and activities that are occurring on 3 easement refuges in...

  1. INFORMATION FOR AUTHORS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Revista Ciencias Biomedicas

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available REVISTA CIENCIAS BIOMEDICAS (Rev.cienc.biomed. is included in: IMBIOMED, ACADEMIC GOOGLE, ENCOLOMBIA.COM, GOOGLE SCHOLAR, DOAJ, PUBLINDEX, WORLD CAT and ACADEMIC.EDU. It receives original scientific articles about a variety of topics that keep relation with the health sciences, so much of basic as clinical application. These issues need to be inside knowledge area that could interest both undergraduate as postgraduate students, as well as professionals in the health area. The following recommendations should be considered. 1. Authorship. Each author must have contributed substantially to the successful development of the research process. According to international standards, the criteria that each author must meet are: • Substantial contributions to conception, design, data acquisition or analysis and data interpretation. • To write the article and to check it for intellectually important content. • Final approval of the version to be published. “Courtesy authors” identifications or designations will not be accepted if the researcher has not met the delineated criteria (e.g. head of school / department / research group that presents the paper. 2. Interest conflicts and funding. An author of an article to be considered may be involved in two types of interest conflicts. The first one relates directly to the work authors and the financial and personal relationships that could influence or bias the manuscript in some way. The second type of interest conflict is related to the financial backer of the research. The authors must admit and say when sending the paper if there is any interference or limitation of the financial backer with regard to the analysis and interpretation of the information, writing or manuscript submission. The existence or absence of interest conflicts must be specified at the end of the article. It must be also specified whether it has received money by way of funding, specifying the origins and codes of calls where

  2. Authors: who contributes what?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Squires, B P

    1996-10-01

    In this issue (see pages 877 to 882) Dr. H. Dele Davies and associates examine how a sample of pediatric department chairs and faculty deans' offices perceive the involvement of faculty members in medical research. Their findings point to the confusion that surrounds the question of authorship in collaborative research. Dr. Drummond Rennie, deputy editor of the Journal of the American Medical Association, has proposed that a complete and descriptive list of "contributors" replace author lists and acknowledgements. Slight modifications to the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors guidelines on authorship retain the designation "author" and the use of acknowledgements but encourage the explicit description of each investigator's contribution. Researchers and editors should continue to explore ways to ensure that contributions to published research are clearly and honestly identified. PMID:8837537

  3. Fragilidad financiera en colombia y las decisiones de política monetaria del banco de la república, 1996-2012

    OpenAIRE

    José Mauricio Gil León; Andrea Yaelt Lemus Vergara

    2016-01-01

    Este artículo evalúa cuál ha sido el papel de las decisiones de política monetaria del Banco de la República dentro de los procesos de inestabilidad financiera acaecidos en Colombia en el período 1996-2012. Según la revisión de hechos, la crisis de 1999 puso en duda el papel estabilizador del banco central, lo cual reflejó una postura contra-cíclica demasiado débil para la recuperación, y la crisis de 2008 encontró un banco más preparado, aunque con respuesta tardía a los procesos emergentes ...

  4. Toma de decisiones compartidas y medicina mínimamente impertinente en el manejo de las enfermedades crónicas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Zeballos-Palacios

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Las enfermedades crónicas son la causa más importante de morbilidad y mortalidad a nivel mundial. Estas condiciones requieren considerable inversión de tiempo y recursos por parte del sistema de salud en el Perú, así como de los pacientes y sus familiares. Paradójicamente, las estrategias médicas desarrolladas para el manejo de estas condiciones generan una carga constante y creciente para el paciente y su entorno, que repercute en la calidad de vida del paciente y en los resultados terapéuticos. En este artículo describimos el rol de la toma de decisiones compartidas y de la medicina mínimamente impertinente como estrategias para abordar estos problemas

  5. About the author

    OpenAIRE

    Olukoju, Ayodeji

    2013-01-01

    Ayodeji Olukoju is Professor and Head, Department of History, University of Lagos. A First Class Honours graduate of the University of Nigeria. Nsukka. and holder of the M.A. and Ph.D. Degrees in History of the University of Ibadan. He has authored and co-edited several books and monographs, including Maritime Trade, Port Development and Administration (Tokyo, 1996), Nigeria Peoples and Cultures (Ibadan 1997) and Positive Leadership in Colonial and Post-Colonial Africa (Ikorodu, Nigeria, 2002...

  6. Instructions for authors

    OpenAIRE

    Mostovski, Mike

    2015-01-01

    The Israel Journal of Entomology is a peer-reviewed journal that publishes original contributions in all areas of entomology and has a world-wide scope. Authors are entirely responsible for statements, whether fact or opinion. Manuscripts are considered on the understanding that they have not been submitted elsewhere for prior or simultaneous publication. Manuscripts are reviewed by at least two independent referees and approved by the Editorial Board before acceptance. ...

  7. Brief Guide for Authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2014-01-01

    <正>The Crop Journal is a bimonthly scientific journal co-sponsored by the Crop Science Society of China and the institute of Crop Science,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences and China Science Publishing&Media Group Ltd.Published by Elsevier and Science Press.General Requirements Contributions submitted to The Crop Journal must be original works of the author(s)that have not been previously published or simultaneously

  8. Brief Guide for Authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2014-01-01

    <正>The Crop Journal is a bimonthly scientific journal co-sponsored by the Crop Science Society of China and the Institute of Crop Science,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences and China Science Publishing&Media Group Ltd.Published by Elsevier and Science Press.General Requirements Contributions submitted to The Crop Journal must be original works of the author(s)that have not been previously published or simultaneously submitted to any other journals.

  9. Brief Guide for Authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    <正>The Crop Journal is a bimonthly scientific journal co-sponsored by the Crop Science Society of China and the Institute of Crop Science,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences and China Science Publishing&Media Group Ltd.Published by Elsevier and Science Press.General Requirements Contributions submitted to The Crop Journal must be original works of the author(s)that have not been previously published or simultaneously submitted to any other journals.

  10. Instructions for Authors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Editors Editorial Board

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Authors must submit their papers via email to brain@edusoft.ro or they can create an account and submit their papers online, at www.brain.edusoft.ro. Submited papers must be written in DOC format (Microsoft Word document, in as clear and as simple as possible English. Preferred maximum paper length for the papers is 20 pages, including figures. The template for the paper is at this address: http://www.edusoft.ro/Template_for_BRAIN.doc

  11. Instructions for authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    <正>Aims and scope Chinese Birds,launched from March 2010,is an international journal of ornithology jointly sponsored by Beijing Forestry University and the China Ornithological Society.The Journal intents to publish primarily peer-reviewed original articles,reviews and short communications produced by authors across the world,covering the full spectrum of subjects in ornithology,including research in fossil birds.

  12. Instructions for authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    <正>Aims and scope Chinese Birds,launched from march 2010,is an international journal of ornithology jointly sponsored by Beijing forestry University and the china ornithological Society.the Journal intents to publish primarily peer-reviewed original articles,reviews and short communications produced by authors across the world,covering the full spectrum of subjects in ornithology,including research in fossil birds.

  13. Instructions for authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    正Aims and scope Chinese Birds, launched from March 2010, is an international journal of ornithology jointly sponsored by Beijing Forestry University and the China Ornithological Society. The Journal intents to publish primarily peer-reviewed original articles, reviews and short communications produced by authors across the world, covering the full spectrum of subjects in ornithology, including research in fossil birds. Manuscript requirements Title page

  14. Instructions to Authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    Cellular & Molecular Immunology (CMI) is the official publication of the Chinese Society of Immunology. The Journal is published bimonthly in English and edited at the University of Science & Technology of China (USTC). Papers in all areas of cellular and molecular immunology are welcome including immunobiology, comparative immunology, immunogenetics, neuroimmunology, immunopathology, immunopharmacology, tumor immunology, infection immunology, clinical immunology, transplantation immunology, veterinary immunology and immunological techniques. All international immunologists and irnmunologyrelated investigators will find CMI suitable for their publications. CMI publishes articles and brief reports for original investigations. Reviews and minireviews are also accepted from authors on request by the editorial board of the journal A paper is submitted to CMI with the understanding that it has not been and will not be published elsewhere. The submission must have the approval of all of the authors. The preferred medium of final submission to the accepting editor is on computer disk with the accompanying reviewed and revised manuscript (see 'electronic manuscripts' below). Publication in CMI is taken to imply the authors' willingness to comply with reasonable requests to supply reagents such as recombinant clones and monoclonal antibodies, and sequence data in electronic form to persons lacking access to computer databases.

  15. Instructions to Authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    Cellular & Molecular Immunology (CMI) is the official publication of the Chinese Society of Immunology. The Journal is published bimonthly in English and edited at the University of Science & Technology of China (USTC). Papers in all areas of cellular and molecular immunology are welcome including immunobiology, comparative immunology, immunogenetics, neuroimmunology, immunopathology, immunopharmacology, tumor immunology, infection immunology, clinical immunology, transplantation immunology, veterinary immunology and immunological techniques. All international immunologists and immunologyrelated investigators will find CMI suitable for their publications. CMI publishes articles and brief reports for original investigations. Reviews and minireviews are also accepted from authors on request by the editorial board of the journal. A paper is submitted to CMI with the understanding that it has not been and will not be published elsewhere. The submission must have the approval of all of the authors. The preferred medium of final submission to the accepting editor is on computer disk with the accompanying reviewed and revised manuscript (see'electronic manuscripts' below). Publication in CMI is taken to imply the authors' willingness to comply with reasonable requests to supply reagents such as recombinant clones and monoclonal antibodies, and sequence data in electronic form to persons lacking access to computer databases.

  16. GUIDELINES FOR AUTHORS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    1 THE JOURNAL The Journal publishes original papers in all fields of sustainable development. Papers are peer-reviewed according to the generally accepted criteria for scientific work. 2 AUTHORS' RESPONSIBILITIES Authors are responsible for the originality of the work, permission to publish and permission to reproduce any cited figures, and proofreading. 3 MANUSCRIPT PREPARATION All papers must be in English. Papers are restricted to 5000 words in length. Papers with fewer than 1500 words will be considered as Short Notes. Manuscripts must be double-spaced, on one side of the paper only and on standard sized paper (e. g. European A4 - 21 by 29.6 cm). Each paper should consist of the following sections, in order: title, abstract, key words, text, acknowledgments, references, intemet references, figure captions, figures, table captions, tables and appendices (if any), photograph captions, photographs. Pages should be numbered. Author should provide e-mail of corresponding author. Title - The title should be brief but accurately descriptive of the contents. The title should be followed by authors' names,( as they are to appear in print) and institutional affiliations. The corresponding author's e-mail address should follow (or fax- number if no e-mail is available).

  17. Authentication and Authorization Models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    More V.N

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available In computer science distributed systems could be more secured with a distributed trust model based on either PKIor Kerberos. However, it becomes difficult to establish trust relationship across heterogeneous domains due todifferent actual trust mechanism and security policy as well as the intrinsic flaw of each trust model. Since Internethas been used commonly in information systems technologies, many applications need some security capabilitiesto protect against threats to the communication of information. Two critical procedures of these capabilities areauthentication and authorization. This report presents a strong authentication and authorization model using threestandard frameworks. They are PKI, PMI, and Directory. The trust in this approach is enabled by the use of publickey infrastructure (PKI which is applied for client two-factor authentication and secures the infrastructure. Weintroduce the preventive activity-based authorization policy for dynamic user privilege controls. It helps preventsuccessive unauthorized requests in a formal manner. At the core, we apply An Improved Trust Model to facilitatethe authentication with the different keys with work flow of model efficiently. Also describes the X.509 standard todefine the directory schemas of PKI and PMI to find the object classes and optional attributes.

  18. Guidelines for Authors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdullah Demir

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Guidelines for Authors cumhuriyet theology journal  reguires writers to use the The Chicago Manual of Style “notes and bibliography” system of referencing.First citation: author(s first name and last name, title, (if applicable first and last name of translator or editor, place of publication, publisher, date of publication, page number.Subsequent citations: author’s last name, the short title, and the page number should be indicated in all subsequent citations. Footnote citations should conform to the following examples.References: References should be placed at the end of the text in alphabetical order. If a source has more than one author, the surname and name of the first author should be written, and the other authors should be indicated by et.al. The titles of books and journals should be italicized; article titles and book chapters should be placed in quotation marks. Translator’s and editor’s names (if there are any should follow the title of the work: BOOKa One Author: 
1. Michael Pollan, The Omnivore’s Dilemma: A Natural History of Four Meals (New York: Penguin, 2006, 99–100.2. Pollan, Omnivore’s Dilemma, 3.Bibliography: Pollan, Michael. The Omnivore’s Dilemma: A Natural History of Four Meals. New York: Penguin, 2006.  b Two Authors1. Geoffrey C. Ward and Ken Burns, The War: An Intimate History 1941–1945 (New York: Knopf, 2007, 52.2. Ward and Burns, War, 59–61. Bibliography: Ward, Geoffrey C., and Ken Burns. The War: An Intimate History 1941–1945. New York: Knopf, 2007.c Three or More Authors
For three or more authors, list all of the authors in the bibliography; in the note, list only the first author, followed by et al. (“and others”:1. Mitchell L. Eisen, Jodi A. Quas, and Gail S. Goodman, eds., Memory and Suggestibility in the Forensic Interview (Mahwah, NJ: L. Erlbaum Assoicates, 2002, 65.2. Eisen and et al., Memory and Suggestibility in the Forensic Interview, 67.Bibliography: Eisen, Mitchell

  19. Más allá de los cinco grandes: disposiciones y personalidad en la predicción de decisiones deshonestas en el contexto organizacional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edgar E. Kausel

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available El presente estudio analiza el poder predictivo, del locus de control y la propensión al riesgo por sobre cinco grandes factores de personalidad en la predicción de decisiones deshonestas en contextos organizacionales. Participaron 305 estudiantes trabajadores estadounidenses, 63% mujeres, con un promedio de edad de 23,6 años (DE = 7,0. En una primera etapa, se midieron las características de personalidad de los participantes. En una segunda etapa, se les pidió que, en el marco de un hipotético viaje de trabajo pagado por su empresa, decidieran si solicitarían reembolso de gastos a la organización por consumos realizados durante el viaje, consumos que tenían razones evidentemente personales. Adicionalmente, se midieron algunas justificaciones que podrían haber influido en su decisión acerca de la ejecución o no de la conducta deshonesta. Por medio de una regresión logística, se comprobó que el factor responsabilidad, el locus de control y la propensión al riesgo explican en forma significativa el tipo de decisión tomada por los participantes. Posteriormente, se identificó que el tipo de justificación utilizada media la relación entre locus de control y la decisión. Los resultados confirman la necesidad de incluir variables de personalidad adicionales a los cinco grandes para explicar ciertos comportamientos dentro de las organizaciones, así como el efecto que tiene el contexto grupal en la toma de decisiones deshonestas.

  20. Metodología para la toma de decisiones de inversión en portafolio de acciones utilizando la técnica multicriterio AHP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Willmer Escobar

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo presenta una metodología para la toma de decisiones en el mercado accionario colombiano utilizando la técnica multicriterio Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP. La problemática está relacionada con el proceso de inversión en un mercado bursátil considerando criterios de riesgo y rentabilidad. La metodología propuesta incluye la integración de las técnicas tradicionales de decisión de inversión en portafolio de acciones junto con la técnica multicriterio AHP que permite evaluar un número finito de alternativas de manera jerárquica bajo criterios cualitativos y cuantitativos. La metodología ha sido probada en la solución del problema de selección de portafolio de acciones de alta y media bursatilidad que cotizaron en el mercado colombiano durante el periodo de diciembre de 2007 a abril de 2010. Los resultados computacionales muestran la importancia y la eficiencia de la integración exitosa de los criterios tradicionales de inversión en portafolio de acciones junto con la metodología AHP para encontrar un balance apropiado entre rentabilidad y riesgo en el proceso de toma de decisiones de inversión en acciones en el mercado bursátil colombiano. Derechos reservados © 2015 Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Facultad de Contaduría y Administración. Este es un artículo de acceso abierto distribuido bajo los términos de la Licencia Creative Commons CC BY-NC-ND 4.0.

  1. INFORMATION FOR AUTHORS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Revista Ciencias Biomedicas

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available REVISTA CIENCIAS BIOMEDICAS (Rev.cienc.biomed. is included in: IMBIOMED, ACADEMIC GOOGLE, ENCOLOMBIA.COM, GOOGLE SCHOLAR, DOAJ, PUBLINDEX, WORLD CAT and ACADEMIC.EDU. It receives original scientific articles about a variety of topics that keep relation with the health sciences, so much of basic as clinical application. These issues need to be inside knowledge area that could interest both undergraduate as postgraduate students, as well as professionals in the health area. The following recommendations should be considered. 1. Authorship. Each author must have contributed substantially to the successful development of the research process. According to international standards, the criteria that each author must meet are: • Substantial contributions to conception, design, data acquisition or analysis and data interpretation. • To write the article and to check it for intellectually important content. • Final approval of the version to be published. “Courtesy authors” identifications or designations will not be accepted if the researcher has not met the delineated criteria (e.g. head of school / department / research group that presents the paper. 2. Interest conflicts and funding. An author of an article to be considered may be involved in two types of interest conflicts. The first one relates directly to the work authors and the financial and personal relationships that could influence or bias the manuscript in some way. The second type of interest conflict is related to the financial backer of the research. The authors must admit and say when sending the paper if there is any interference or limitation of the financial backer with regard to the analysis and interpretation of the information, writing or manuscript submission. The existence or absence of interest conflicts must be specified at the end of the article. It must be also specified whether it has received money by way of funding, specifying the origins and codes of calls where

  2. ELEMENTOS PARA EL DISEÑO DE UN SISTEMA DE INFORMACIÓN PARA LA TOMA DE DECISIONES EN ACTIVIDADES RELACIONADAS CON ORGANISMOS GENÉTICAMENTE MODIFICADOS: APORTES A PARTIR DE UN CASO DE ESTUDIO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BENAVIDES-MOLINEROS JULIA

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available En Colombia, las actividades relacionadas con organismos genéticamente modificados (OGM deben estar respaldadas por evaluaciones de los riesgos que ellas puedan representar para la diversidad biológica, la salud humana y la producción agropecuaria. Con base en estas evaluaciones, las autoridades competentes toman decisiones consistentes principalmente en autorizar o negar las actividades solicitadas.En estas decisiones, la racionalidad del proceso está bastante bien determinada en lo que respecta a los efectos sobre la salud humana, en particular toxicidad y alergenicidad, pero no ocurre lo mismo con los efectos sobre la biodiversidad. Uno de los mayores problemas en este campo es la falta de definición de una metodología específica para la toma de decisiones, lo cual da como resultado que las decisiones sean tomadas de manera intuitiva y poco sistemática. Las autoridades competentes han reconocido la necesidad de contar con un sistema de información que contribuya a resolver esta situación.Este trabajo presenta una propuesta de la estructura básica de un sistema para la toma de decisiones orientado a las autoridades involucradas en el proceso. La propuesta se definió con base en una revisión de las principales metodologías para la evaluación de riesgos en materia de OGM y tomando como caso de estudio el flujo de genes desde OGM hacia parientes silvestres. La estructura está planteada como un modelo entidad-relación de carácter general a partir del cual puede desarrollarse el diseño detallado del sistema. La propuesta hace énfasis en la documentación de los protocolos de decisión y de la racionalidad de uso de los insumos de información.

  3. 2013 Advanced Placement Exam Participation and Performance for Students in Montgomery County Public Schools and Public School Students in the State of Maryland and the Nation. Memorandum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanderson, Geoffrey T.

    2013-01-01

    This memorandum provides data on the participation and performance of Advanced Placement (AP) exams taken by students in the Montgomery County (Maryland) Public Schools (MCPS) in the 2012-2013 school year as compared with those by public school students in Maryland and the nation. Generally, the number of AP exams taken by MCPS students in 2013…

  4. Detecting the Gender Dimension of the Choice of the Teaching Profession Prior to the Economic Crisis and IMF (International Monetary Fund) Memorandum in Greece--A Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asimaki, Anna; Vergidis, Dimitris K.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this research paper is the investigation of, and the sociological approach to, and interpretation of the attitudes of male and female students in the University Department of Primary Education (U.D.P.E.) at the University of Patras in Greece, before the enforcement of the IMF Memorandum, concerning the choice of the teaching…

  5. NOTICE TO AUTHORS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    @@CELL RESEARCH is an international academic journal, the only one publishes papers in En glish in all branches of animal and plant cell biology in China. It is edited by Shanghai Institute of Cell Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, published and distributed by Science Press, Beijing, China, and New York Agency, Ltd., USA, as well as by the Institute. The journal started pub lication semiannully in 1990 and changed to quarterly beginning from Volume 8, in 1998. This periodical has been accepted to be included in Index Medicus and MEDLINE on the MEDLARS system beginning from volume7(1), 1997 by National Library of Medicine, USA, and it was informed recently by Institute for Scientific Information, USA that ISI will be indexing CELL RESEARCH beginning with volume 9(1), 1999 in the following products: Science Citation Index-Expanded, available as SciSearch on Dialog or as the ISI Web of Science on the Internet-Research Alert. Manuscripts must be written in a clear and concise style. The principle criteria for acceptance are originality and scientific excelence. Papers judged by two referees and a member of the Editorial Board to be inapppropriate for the journal's scope and content will be returned to author. One original and two copies of each manuscript should be submitted. Authors are encouraged to submit text by a computer disk (3.5' disk with clearly labbled file name) in IBM compatible PC in Word, Write, under Windows prograne, Wordperfect 5.1, WPS 3.0 or Wordstar 4.0. Text sent by e mail are also welcomed. These all should be accompanied with an identical hard copy printout. Manuscripts are requested to be send to Ms. Ai Lan CHANG, Editorial office of CELL RESEARCH, Shanghai Institute of Cell Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 320 Yue-yang Road, Shanghai 200031, China. e-mail: edto@sunm.shcnc.ac.cn. Author(s) from other countries can also send their manuscript(s) to three reginal editors in UK or USA (Dr. Jing De ZHU, Cathcart Laboratory, Division of

  6. Guidelines for Authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2014-01-01

    <正>TYPES OF ARTICLES●FORMATS OF ARTICLES●HOW TO SUBMIT A MANUSCRIPT●PUBLICATION FEES●TYPES OF ARTICLES1.Research articles Research articles belong to the full length article type,and should include elements as follows:title,running title,and byline;correspondent footnote;abstract;introduction;materials and methods;results;discussion;acknowledgements;author contributions;references;figure legends and figures/tables.The article length should not exceed 6,000 words,and detailed requirements are in the

  7. Brief Guide for Authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    <正>The Crop Journal is a bimonthly scientific journal co-sponsored by the Crop Science Society of China and the Institute of Crop Science,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences and China Science Publishing&Media Group Ltd.Published by Elsevier and Science Press.General Requirements Contributions submitted to The Crop Journal must be original works of the author(s)that have not been previously published or simultaneously submitted to any other journals.The experiment related to crop yield should be conducted at

  8. INSTRUCTIONS FOR AUTHORS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    @@Chinese Medical Journal (CMJ) and its electronic version are published monthly by the Chinese Medical Association and distributed worldwide. Manuscripts are welcome from any part of the world and should be sent to the Editorial Office, Chinese Medical Journal, Chinese Medical Association, 42 Dongsi Xidajie, Beijing 100710, China. Manuscripts. Manuscripts are received with the understanding that they have not previously been published in English and are not under simultaneous consideration for another publication and electronic medium. A complete report following presentation or publication of preliminary findings elsewhere (e.g., in an abstract) can be considered. A covering letter and an introduction letter from author's institution are needed. For multicenter clinical trial, at least one person's name must accompany a group name-e.g., Zhu Wenling, for the Collaborative Study Group on Thrombolysis with China-made Recombinant Streptokinase. All persons who meet the criteria for authorship as stated in the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals are listed as authors who must make substantial contributions to: ① conception and design, or analysis and interpretation of data; ② the drafting of the article or critical revision for important intellectual content; and ③ the final approval of the version to be published. All three conditions must all be met.

  9. Reply of the authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hossein AFZALIMEHR; Jueyi SUI; Razieh MOGHBEL

    2011-01-01

    The words of "wall" and "bank" have been used interactively in our past research works.However,to our knowledge,few published studies used natural vegetation cover along the flume walls.From hydraulic point of view,the description of flow characteristics is more important than the species of wall vegetation in a preliminary research study.The authors found that,if the same vegetation cover of natural channel is used as vegetation cover on the flume walls,it will result considerable noise and anomalies in capturing data by ADV.So,for this primary research,it has been decided to use the uniform specie as wall vegetation in this experimental study.

  10. INSTRUCTIONS TO AUTHORS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    <正>GENERAL INFORMATION World Journal of Radiology(World J Radiol,WJR,online ISSN 1949-8470,DOI:10.4329)is a peer-reviewed open access(OA)academic journal that aims to guide clinical practice and improve diagnostic and therapeutic skills of clinicians.Aim and scope WJR covers topics concerning diagnostic radiology,radiation oncology,radiologic physics,neuroradiology,nuclear radiology,pediatric radiology,vascular/interventional radiology,medical imaging achieved by various modalities and related methods analysis.The current columns of WJR include editorial,frontier,diagnostic advances,therapeutics advances,field of vision,mini-reviews,review,topic highlight,medical ethics,original articles,case report,clinical case conference(clinicopathological conference),and autobiography.We encourage authors to submit their manuscripts to WJR.We

  11. Technical memorandum on data needs and sources to characterize LLW from the Midwest Compact Region (Deliverable 2A)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to make wise choices in developing a Regional Management Plan for low-level radioactive waste (LLW) from the Midwest Region, a number of key parameters of the LLW generated in the region must be determined. Estimates must be made of the overall volume of waste that is currently generated, who the generators are, and where the waste will originate. The volume of waste should be further broken down into distinct kinds of material such as trash, ion exchange resins, liquid scintillation vials, etc., and into NRC waste classes as prescribed in 10CFR61. These factors will influence the kinds of treatment and disposal facilities to be employed by the Midwest Low-Level Radioactive Waste Commission and where these facilities may be sited. This memorandum describes the needs for data on low-level wastes in the Midwest and the sources that will be tapped to gather that data

  12. INSTRUCTIONS TO AUTHORS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2014-01-01

    World Journal of Biological Chemistry(World J Biol Chem,WJBC,online ISSN 1949-8454,DOI:10.4331),is a peer-reviewed open access(OA)academic journal that aims to guide clinical practice and improve diagnostic and therapeutic skills of clinicians.Aims and scope WJBC is to rapidly report the most recent developments in the research by the close collaboration of biologists and chemists in area of biochemistry and molecular biology,including:general biochemistry,pathobiochemistry,molecular and cellular biology,molecular medicine,experimental methodologies and the diagnosis,therapy,and monitoring of human disease.We encourage authors to submit their manuscripts to WJBC.We will give priority to manuscripts that are supported by major national and international foundations and those that are of great basic and clinical significance.WJBC is edited and published by Baishideng Publishing Group(BPG).BPG has a strong professional editorial team composed of science editors,language editors and electronic editors.BPG current-

  13. Authors or signatories?

    CERN Multimedia

    James Gillies

    2012-01-01

    Over recent years, the traditional author list has been joined by a new kid on the block: a signatory list, used by projects ranging from TESLA to SuperB, and soon to be joined by CLIC. What’s the difference?   Next week, the Conceptual Design Report (CDR) for CLIC Physics and Detectors will be published, and it will be fronted by a signatory list of over 1000 people. A volume describing the CLIC accelerator will follow soon after. CLIC, the Compact Linear Collider, is an international study for a possible future particle physics research facility, and one of several options on the table for the post-LHC era. Keeping future options open has been part of the normal run of things since particle-physics-time-immemorial: several technologies are studied and developed in parallel so that when the physics results from operating facilities point the way forward, the community can choose the best option for the physics, and for the available resources. “Long-term R&D is essen...

  14. Becoming Co-Authors: Toward Sharing Authority in Religious Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Hyun-Sook

    2009-01-01

    This article offers an alternative model, the model of shared authority, to the traditional, authoritarian model for authority and obedience for Religious Education. This model moves away from the authoritarian model of a teacher as the authority and the students as obedient listeners in the direction of a shared authority model in which teachers…

  15. Factores involucrados en el proceso de toma de decisiones en bibliotecas de tamaño medio y pequeño. Resultados del Proyecto Decimal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bosch, M.

    1999-03-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the research results of the DECIMAL European project. The aim of the project is to produce an integrated decision support module for library management systems used in small and medium size libraries. The quantitative and qualitative research carried out in United Kingdom, Italy and Spain has been based on a combination of different methods: literature review, interviews, questionnaires and discussion groups during both presentation workshops held. Two basic research lines are discerned: the first one involving the real use of performance measures and indicators in management and evaluation of the library activities, and also their potential interest in the case they have not been applied to the present, and the second one involving the type of decisions most frequantly made in libraries and the issues that influence decision-making process (information sources used, organizational culture, training, satisfaction level.
    The article has been centered in the results obtained in Spanish libraries, but the general results are also mentioned in order to be compared. The conclusions of the study have resulted in the user requirement specification, as a first step in the design of the decision support module. The project has concluded with a prototype evaluation phase organised as an iterative testing of the prototypes and successive software modifications. The development of four versions of the module has resolved the problems identified earlier in the evaluation process.

    Se presentan los resultados de la investigación realizada en el marco del proyecto europeo DECIMAL, que tiene como objetivo el desarrollo de un módulo integrado de soporte de la toma de decisiones para sistemas automatizados usados en bibliotecas pequeñas y medianas. La investigación cuantitativa y cualitativa llevada a cabo en el Reino Unido, Italia y España se ha basado en una combinación de diversos métodos: revisión de la literatura

  16. Addendum No. 29 to the Memorandum of Understanding for Collaboration in the Construction, the Maintenance and Operation of the ALICE Detector Participation of National Institute of Science Education and Research, Bhubaneswar, India

    CERN Document Server

    Bertolucci, S

    2013-01-01

    Addendum No. 29 to the Memorandum of Understanding for Collaboration in the Construction, the Maintenance and Operation of the ALICE Detector Participation of National Institute of Science Education and Research, Bhubaneswar, India

  17. From the communication to participation in decision making; De la comunicacion a la participacion en la decisiones

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alonso, A. [Universidad Politecnica de Madrid (Spain)

    2004-07-01

    In the modern democratic societies there have appeared individuals and associations interested in and concerned with the risks proper to the use of ionising radiation and nuclear power. In the use of their democratic rights, they have requested and obtained from those responsible information on such activities and there has been established a fruitful communication process involving the interchange of facts and circumstances that is contributing to make the perceived risk more objective. At the moment, those societies are moving from information, through interactive communication, to participation in the decision.making processes with major social impacts or social sensitivity. This significant movement is analysed, as well as its causes and consequences. (Author)

  18. CONVENIENCIA DE LA CIRUGÍA PROFILÁCTICA DEL TERCER MOLAR RETENIDO: UN ANÁLISIS DE DECISIONES Prophylactic removal of the third molars: a clinical making decisions

    OpenAIRE

    Adriana Ramírez; Mauricio Rodríguez G; Ricardo Sánchez P

    2008-01-01

    Antecedentes . La proporción de cirugías de terceros molares que se realizan de manera profiláctica es difícil de estimar de manera precisa y depende en muchos casos de la definición que se dé para éste término. Objetivo . Determinar entre pacientes y cirujanos cuál es la alternativa más útil para plantear la cirugía profiláctica de los terceros molares retenidos asintomáticos. Material y métodos. Un análisis de decisiones clínicas (modelo de árbol de decisiones) se utilizó para definir el tr...

  19. Plataforma de simulación y visualización para el apoyo al análisis y toma de decisiones en proyectos de movilidad urbana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Camilo Ibarra

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo presenta los resultados parciales de la implementación de una plataforma de simulación y visualización para apoyar procesos de análisis y toma de decisiones en proyectos de movilidad urbana. La posibilidad de representar anomalías en la infraestructura vial y en el comportamiento de los diferentes actores, permite su potencial aplicación en escenarios de las ciudades latinoamericanas. Los resultados se presentan en los siguientes temas: modelo de simulación y visualización, aplicaciones de simulación y visualización./ This article presents the partial results obtained in the implementation of a simulation and visualization platform, to support the analysis and decision making processes in urban mobility projects. The possibility to represent pathologies in road infrastructure and the actors behaviour, allows the potential application in scenarios of Latin-American cities. These results are briefed in the following topics: simulation and visualization model, simulation and visualization applications.

  20. Decisiones de financiamiento en pymes: ¿existen diferencias en función del tamaño y la forma legal?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anahí Briozzo

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Se analiza si existen características diferenciales en las pequeñas y medianas empresas en función de su tamaño y de su forma legal. Se estudian en especial las decisiones de financiamiento, tomando como marco el enfoque de jerarquía financiera, trade-off y ciclo de vida. Empleando una muestra de empresas radicadas en la ciudad de Bahía Blanca (Argentina, se realizan test no paramétricos y test de independencia sobre las variables. Los resultados muestran que las empresas de mayor tamaño se endeudan en mayor medida, mientras que las empresas que adoptan formas legales con responsabilidad limitada se diferencian en un mayor uso de créditos con garantías reales. Estos resultados señalan la necesidad de diseñar políticas de apoyo focalizadas hacia los distintos segmentos de empresas

  1. Dos contextos de intervención de la sociedad civil: a propósito de su participación en la toma de decisiones ambientales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erli Margarita Marín Aranguren

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Cercanos a la Conferencia de Copenhague, donde debe producirse un acuerdo multilateral que aborde el cambio climático, se hace imprescindible volver la mirada a la sociedad civil que tanto en el ámbito internacional como en el nacional se intenta dejar de lado a la hora de tomar decisiones ambientales. Al estudiar a este actor social y político cabe preguntarse ¿hasta ahora las organizaciones de la sociedad civil han tenido juego en el ciclo de las políticas públicas ambientales? Y si es así, ¿cómo interactúan en cada una de las fases? Luego, se precisa comparar los comportamientos en el ámbito internacional y en el local para hallar diferencias y similitudes. En este artículo, se analiza la incidencia de las organizaciones de la sociedad civil global y de la sociedad civil colombiana, para el caso local. Finalmente, se muestra la intervención de este agente en el ciclo de política pública ambiental, y se concluye que hay asimetrías. No obstante, pueden señalarse logros en uno y otro ámbito y en ambos casos redundan en impactos ambientales positivos para la humanidad, en tanto que las acciones locales tienen repercusiones globales.

  2. Strategy for controlling rheumatic fever/rheumatic heart disease, with emphasis on primary prevention: memorandum from a joint WHO/ISFC meeting.

    OpenAIRE

    1995-01-01

    This Memorandum summarizes the report of a meeting held in Geneva on 7-9 September 1994. Experts and representatives from different countries and regions, as well as WHO, the International Society and Federation of Cardiology, UNESCO, and the International Council of Nurses evaluated the experience in controlling rheumatic fever/rheumatic heart disease (RF/RHD) and provided an update on the essential components of RF/RHD prevention, including new areas for research in primary prevention. The ...

  3. La toma de decisiones multicriterio eficaces en el ámbito de la pequeña y mediana empresa: el establecimiento de los objetivos y la determinación de los criterios

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernández Barberis, Gabriela

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Una de las condiciones que define y caracteriza al empresario o directivo es que, en la empresa, él es la persona que toma las decisiones de importancia. Esta es una responsabilidad que ningún empresario o directivo puede eludir. Ahora bien, todo ser humano, por las propias condiciones en que se desenvuelve en la vida, se ve forzado, desde que supera el período de la primera infancia, a adoptar continuamente múltiples y variadas decisiones. No obstante, se plantean numerosos problemas y se ha dedicado mucho esfuerzo y tiempo a analizar, con todo tipo de detalles, los procesos de toma de decisiones multicriterio que se producen en el ámbito empresarial. Una vez superada la primera etapa del proceso, identificada como “el planteamiento de la situación” es necesario proceder al próximo paso, de crucial y vital importancia para la eficacia y eficiencia de la empresa y se refiere a “el establecimiento de los objetivos”. Mientras el planteamiento de la situación nos indica dónde estamos, el establecimiento de los objetivos nos señala dónde queremos ir. Adicionalmente, una de las funciones principales que cumple el establecimiento de los objetivos en el proceso de toma de decisiones consiste en establecer múltiples criterios, usualmente en conflicto entre sí, que se utilizarán para evaluar las distintas alternativas de decisión. De esta forma, en el presente trabajo se estudia con cierto grado de detalle el establecimiento de los objetivos y la determinación de los criterios dentro del proceso de toma de decisiones en el ámbito de la pequeña y mediana empresa. La extensión del análisis de decisión multicriterio al ámbito empresarial permite así afrontar situaciones que son directa y perentoriamente conflictivas, y que requieren una solución en el más breve plazo posible.

  4. Authority and Pedagogy as Framing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmidt, Patrick

    2016-01-01

    This article examines the relationship between authority and music. It starts with the proposition that music--as an art or an educative enterprise in Western environs--remains a highly idealized enterprise and this idealization creates an alibi for action that is characteristically narrow and guided by authority. Schmidt claims that authority is…

  5. Atomic Energy Authority Act 1954

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Act provides for the setting up of an Atomic Energy Authority for the United Kingdom. It also makes provision for the Authority's composition, powers, duties, rights and liabilities, and may amend, as a consequence of the establishment of the Authority and in connection therewith, the Atomic Energy Act, 1946, the Radioactive Substances Act 1948 and other relevant enactments. (NEA)

  6. Enhancing Author's Voice through Scripting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Chase J.; Rasinski, Timothy V.

    2011-01-01

    The authors suggest using scripting as a strategy to mentor and enhance author's voice in writing. Through gradual release, students use authentic literature as a model for writing with voice. The authors also propose possible extensions for independent practice, integration across content areas, and tips for evaluation.

  7. Author Identifiers in Scholarly Repositories

    CERN Document Server

    Warner, Simeon

    2010-01-01

    Bibliometric and usage-based analyses and tools highlight the value of information about scholarship contained within the network of authors, articles and usage data. Less progress has been made on populating and using the author side of this network than the article side, in part because of the difficulty of unambiguously identifying authors. I briefly review a sample of author identifier schemes, and consider use in scholarly repositories. I then describe preliminary work at arXiv to implement public author identifiers, services based on them, and plans to make this information useful beyond the boundaries of arXiv.

  8. Memorandum from the HR and FI Departments and the Legal Service concerning the annual certificate of internal taxation for 2006

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    This memorandum follows on from the one published in Bulletin No. 10-11/2007 on 5 March 2007. Pursuant to the Staff Rules and Regulations in force in 2006 (Article R IV 2.04), an annual certificate of internal taxation for the 2006 financial year has been drawn up for members of the personnel. This certificate notably states the total amount of remuneration, payments and other financial benefits received by the member of the personnel concerned, as well as the amount of internal tax levied by the Organization for the same period. The annual certificate of internal taxation for 2006 is now available. If you are currently a member of the CERN personnel you will have received an e-mail containing a link to your annual certificate, which you may print, if necessary*. You can also access your annual certificate via http://hrt.cern.ch (open 'My Payslips' at the bottom of the main menu.) If you are no longer a member of the CERN personnel or are unable to access your annual certificate in the manner indicate...

  9. Development and psychometric evaluation of the Decisional Engagement Scale (DES-10): A patient-reported psychosocial survey for quality cancer care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoerger, Michael; Chapman, Benjamin P; Mohile, Supriya G; Duberstein, Paul R

    2016-09-01

    In light of recent health care reforms, we have provided an illustrative example of new opportunities available for psychologists to develop patient-reported measures related to health care quality. Patient engagement in health care decision making has been increasingly acknowledged as a vital component of quality cancer care. We developed the 10-item Decisional Engagement Scale (DES-10), a patient-reported measure of engagement in decision making in cancer care that assesses patients' awareness of their diagnosis, sense of empowerment and involvement, and level of information seeking and planning. The National Institutes of Health's ResearchMatch recruitment tool was used to facilitate Internet-mediated data collection from 376 patients with cancer. DES-10 scores demonstrated good internal consistency reliability (α = .80), and the hypothesized unidimensional factor structure fit the data well. The reliability and factor structure were supported across subgroups based on demographic, socioeconomic, and health characteristics. Higher DES-10 scores were associated with better health-related quality of life (r = .31). In concurrent validity analyses controlling for age, socioeconomic status, and health-related quality of life, higher DES-10 scores were associated with higher scores on quality-of-care indices, including greater awareness of one's treatments, greater preferences for shared decision making, and clearer preferences about end-of-life care. A mini-measure, the DES-3, also performed well psychometrically. In conclusion, DES-10 and DES-3 scores showed evidence of reliability and validity, and these brief patient-reported measures can be used by researchers, clinicians, nonprofits, hospitals, insurers, and policymakers interested in evaluating and improving the quality of cancer care. (PsycINFO Database Record PMID:27537003

  10. APLICACIÓN DE LA TOMA DE DECISIONES MULTICRITERIO EN LA CADENA DE CORTE, ALZA Y TIRO DE LA CAÑA DE AZÚCAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Marrero Delgado

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available

    La situación actual en que se encuentra la economía cubana hace necesario que se eleve su eficacia a fin de contribuir a su recuperación. Al ser esta una de las ramas principales, es imprescindible aplicar técnicas que permitan asegurar un funcionamiento óptimo de cada una de sus etapas y áreas, siendo la cadena de corte, alza y transportación de la caña de azúcar el eslabón que vincula a la agricultura con la industria y donde se incurre en una serie de costos que afectan decisivamente el costo total del proceso de obtención de azúcar; por lo que es importante evaluar la misma con varios criterios de desempeño. Por esta razón, es imprescindible el uso de la óptica multicriterio para la toma de decisiones en esta área y precisamente aquí radica el objetivo del presente trabajo, donde se presenta un modelo multimeta para evaluar el desenvolvimiento de la transportación de la caña desde el campo hasta la industria

    .

  11. Sistemas para la preparación y toma de decisiones en la Ingeniería // Systems for preparing and making decisions under multiple criterions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Arzola Ruiz

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available En el articulo se expone una metodología de Análisis y Síntesis de Sistemas destinados a la preparación y toma de decisionesbajo criterios múltiples y su aplicación a tareas de ingeniería.Esta metodología presupone la realización de las siguientes etapas consecutivas de trabajos:Descomposición de la tarea de mayor envergadura a la que pertenece la tarea estudiadaAnálisis externo e interno.Elaboración del procedimiento general de preparación y toma de decisionesSe exponen ejemplos de aplicación de esta metodología a la solución de tareas de ingeniería de gran complejidad.Palabras claves : Optimización discreta, Análisis de Sistemas, Ingeniería de Sistemas, OptimizaciónMultiobjetivo, Descomposición de tareas complejas de optimización._________________________________________________________________________________Abstract:In the paper a methodology for Analysis and Synthesis of Systems dedicated to the preparation and making of decisions under multipleobjectives is exposed and it application to engineering tasks.This methodology presupposes the realization of the following stages of works:· Decomposition of the task of more spans which belongs the studied task· External and Internal Analysis.· Elaboration of the general procedure of preparation and making of decisionsExamples of application of this methodology to the solution of great complexity engineering tasks are exposed.Key words: discreet optimization, systems analysis, systems engineering, multiple objective optimization, decomposition,complex optimization tasks.

  12. Fragilidad financiera en colombia y las decisiones de política monetaria del banco de la república, 1996-2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Mauricio Gil León

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo evalúa cuál ha sido el papel de las decisiones de política monetaria del Banco de la República dentro de los procesos de inestabilidad financiera acaecidos en Colombia en el período 1996-2012. Según la revisión de hechos, la crisis de 1999 puso en duda el papel estabilizador del banco central, lo cual reflejó una postura contra-cíclica demasiado débil para la recuperación, y la crisis de 2008 encontró un banco más preparado, aunque con respuesta tardía a los procesos emergentes de fragilidad financiera. A través de estimaciones econométricas se evidencia que una política monetaria contractiva puede inducir una crisis financiera cuando la reacción se da en momentos de mayor estrés financiero. This paper evaluates what has been the role of the monetary policy decisions taken by the Central Bank during the financial instability processes that Colombia has gone through during 1996 – 2012. According to the fact analysis, the 1999 crisis questioned the role of the central bank, which defended a counter-cyclic posture that was not strong enough to lead the economic recovery. The 2008 crisis found a stronger stand­ing Central Bank, even though it answered late to the emerging processes regarding financial fragility. With the use of econometric studies it was proven that a contractive monetary policy can accelerate a financial crisis when the measure is implemented in moments when the financial stress is too high.

  13. 31 CFR 210.4 - Authorizations and revocations of authorizations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Authorizations and revocations of authorizations. 210.4 Section 210.4 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance... corporate action, or the appointment of a receiver, conservator, or liquidator for the RDFI. In any...

  14. PERMIS: a modular authorization infrastructure

    OpenAIRE

    Chadwick, David W; Zhao, Gansen; Otenko, Sassa; LABORDE, Romain; Su, Linying; Nguyen, Tuan Anh

    2008-01-01

    Authorization infrastructures manage privileges and render access control decisions, allowing applications to adjust their behavior according to the privileges allocated to users. This paper describes the PERMIS role-based authorization infrastructure along with its conceptual authorization, access control, and trust models. PERMIS has the novel concept of a credential validation service, which verifies a user's credentials prior to access control decision-making and enables the distributed m...

  15. INVESTIGATION AUTHORITIES OF FINANCIAL SERVICES AUTHORITY IN SYARIAH BANKING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamsir

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to explore the authority of the FSA as one of the institutions that deal with crime investigation in banking institutions, especially in Islamic Banking. Investigators FSA has great authority other than the authority to conduct investigations that are not owned by other investigators. The existence of this authority would lead to overlapping investigation with a given investigation agencies such as the police and the prosecutor. Fundamental problems are experienced by the FSA in conducting the investigation is less availability of human resources of FSA investigator. Therefore, inevitably required cooperation with the Police in effecting the FSA investigation. Effectiveness of investigations conducted by the FSA task for banking crimes that occurred in Islamic Banking is need synergy of communication and coordination with the DSN as an institution authorized by the Islamic Banking Act to provide recommendations to other agencies including the FSA if there is suspicion of a criminal offense in Islamic Banking.

  16. Local Authorities and Benefit Overpayments

    OpenAIRE

    Sainsbury, R.

    2000-01-01

    This report presents the findings of research to explore Housing Benefit (HB) and Council Tax Benefit (CTB) overpayments. The report discusses the policies, procedures and practices of Local Authorities on overpayments. The research involved depth interviews with a variety of Local Authority staff and analysis of Benefit Fraud Inspectorate reports

  17. Children's Conceptions of Parental Authority.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tisak, Marie S.

    1986-01-01

    Examines children's conceptions of parental authority. A total of 120 children were interviewed and asked to evaluate social events (stealing, family chores, friendship choice) pertaining to restraint of behavior and maintenance of parental rule systems. Results suggest that children's notions of authority are heterogeneous with respect to the…

  18. Enhancing Author Information for CERN Document Server: Creating an Author Collection and Using Author Disambiguation Methods

    CERN Document Server

    AUTHOR|(CDS)2096274; Witowski, Sebastian

    Authors are a substantial part of queries in digital libraries, where the results are reflecting the service quality and success. Ambiguous author names can confuse users and cause an inaccurate relation between authorships and individual researchers. Providing a set of disambiguated authors is challenging and related to data integration, since this is done in several ways and by different systems, both manually and automatically. Many disambiguation algorithms have been proposed in the literature, where the most solutions are solving the ambiguities by applying machine learning techniques. However, such problems cannot be solved with an accuracy of 100%. Our contributions to the CERN Document Server presented in this work consists of two parts: first, we create and deploy an author knowledge data base (collection) and second, we link authors of bibliographic records back to their authority records. For the latter, we use a library providing machine learning tools for clustering (where we use trained data fro...

  19. Metodología basada en viñetas para el estudio de toma de decisiones clínicas: validez, utilidad y aplicación en los estudios de campo de la CIE-11

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Spencer C. Evans

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Las metodologías basadas en viñetas se utilizan frecuentemente para examinar los procesos de toma de decisiones, incluyendo los de profesionales sanitarios. No obstante, existen dudas respecto a si las viñetas reflejan adecuadamente los fenómenos del “mundo real” permitiendo así resultados y conclusiones válidas. Ofrecemos una visión de las características, variaciones de diseño, fortalezas y debilidades de estos estudios para examinar cómo los profesionales forman juicios clínicos (como el diagnóstico y tratamiento. Siendo “híbridos” de las encuestas tradicionales y los métodos experimentales, estos estudios pueden ofrecer tanto la alta validez interna de los experimentos como la alta validez externa de las encuestas, al aislar múltiples factores predictivos del comportamiento de los clínicos. Un diseño adecuado para poner a prueba preguntas específicas acerca de los juicios y la toma de decisiones permite resultados altamente generalizables a la “vida real”, sin las limitaciones éticas, prácticas y científicas de los métodos alternativos (como la observación, el auto-informe, la evaluación de pacientes estandarizados, o el análisis de archivos clínicos. Concluimos con recomendaciones metodológicas que se ilustran tras una descripción del uso de las metodologías de viñetas para investigar las decisiones diagnósticas de los clínicos en los estudios de campo controlados de la clasificación de los trastornos mentales y del comportamiento en la CIE-11.

  20. Authority records for author's names in Library and Information Science

    OpenAIRE

    Baiget, Tomàs; Peset, Fernanda; Subirats-Coll, Imma; Rodríguez-Gairín, Josep-Manuel; Ferrer-Sapena, Antonia; Ontalba-Ruipérez, José-Antonio

    2007-01-01

    One of the fundamental pillars of the information retrieval is the name of the authors. And this is a reason why the standardization of authors names is an important aspect for the Web, and for the OAI archives. The problem is specially crucial for the academic individuals, who base their personal recognition on his bibliography. In Spain and the Latin American countries, unlike Anglo-Saxon, Portuguese, Nordic and Slavic countries, people sign writing first the family name of the father and t...

  1. Desarrollo de una metodología de vigilancia tecnológica para la toma de decisiones : aplicación a las tecnologías multimedia

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez Osés, Juan Andrés

    2014-01-01

    La aplicación de la vigilancia tecnología se ha mostrado como una de las herramientas más importantes para ganar competitividad y mejorar las actividades de innovación de las empresas. La vigilancia se basa en captar las informaciones, normalmente patentes y publicaciones científicas, más relevantes para un determinado campo tecnológico y valorarlas para influir en la toma de decisiones. Las fases clásicas son: búsqueda, análisis y comunicación de la información. El trabajo se sop...

  2. Biomarcadores farmacodinámicos y predictivos de respuesta en la toma de decisiones en ensayos clínicos Fase I de terapias dirigidas contra el cáncer

    OpenAIRE

    Rodón Ahnert, Jordi

    2015-01-01

    Este trabajo se centra en el papel de los biomarcadores en el desarrollo temprano de fármacos en Oncología, e introduce un concepto nuevo como es la implementación precoz de marcadores predictivos de respuesta en estudios fase I como estrategia para acelerar la toma de decisiones en el desarrollo de un fármaco experimental. Tras validar la plataforma multiplexada de MassARRAY, se usó para detectar la mutación del gen PIK3CA en nuestros de pacientes, facilitando el probar el poder predictivo ...

  3. Biomarcadores farmacodinámicos y predictivos de respuesta en la toma de decisiones en ensayos clínicos Fase I de terapias dirigidas contra el cáncer

    OpenAIRE

    Rodón Ahnert, Jordi; Bosch Gil, Josep Angel

    2015-01-01

    Este trabajo se centra en el papel de los biomarcadores en el desarrollo temprano de fármacos en Oncología, e introduce un concepto nuevo como es la implementación precoz de marcadores predictivos de respuesta en estudios fase I como estrategia para acelerar la toma de decisiones en el desarrollo de un fármaco experimental. Tras validar la plataforma multiplexada de MassARRAY, se usó para detectar la mutación del gen PIK3CA en nuestros de pacientes, facilitando el probar el poder predictivo d...

  4. LA COMUNICACIÓN DURANTE LA INTERVENCIÓN DIDÁCTICA DEL ENTRENADOR. CONSIDERACIONES PARA EL DESARROLLO DEL CONOCIMIENTO TÁCTICO Y LA MEJORA EN LA TOMA DE DECISIONES EN BALONCESTO

    OpenAIRE

    Damián Iglesias; David Cárdenas; Francisco Alarcón

    2007-01-01

    El rendimiento deportivo en baloncesto depende de múltiples factores, de diferente naturaleza: motriz, física, psicológica. Tras muchos años en los que la principal preocupación de los técnicos fue el desarrollo de las destrezas motoras, la producción científica reciente ha demostrado la importancia de los procesos cognitivos en la toma de decisiones, la necesidad de fomentar estrategias orientadas a proporcionar autonomía al jugador o la influencia decisiva de las emociones en la elección ad...

  5. Simulación como herramienta de ayuda para la toma de decisiones empresariales. Un caso práctico || Simulation as a business decision making tool. A case study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Puche Regaliza, Julio César

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available La toma de decisiones empresariales es un factor crítico para la viabilidad de las empresas. En el actual escenario más dinámico, global y competitivo, este factor crítico abre espacio a requerimientos más amplios. El modelado y la simulación tradicionalmente han formado parte sustancial del juego de herramientas utilizadas para el soporte a la toma de decisiones, especialmente en referencia a la toma de decisiones estratégicas. En este trabajo, pretendemos mostrar una perspectiva clara sobre el valor añadido que ofrece la simulación. En primer lugar, se describen las etapas que deben llevarse a cabo para completar un proceso de toma de decisiones mediante simulación. A continuación, se desarrolla un caso práctico en el que se plasman dichas etapas frente a la decisión de implantar un comportamiento PUSH o un comportamiento PULL en una determinada empresa. Los resultados obtenidos nos conducen a la decisión de implantar PULL en favor de PUSH, mostrando que el valor esperado de las técnicas de simulación justifica que una organización madura incorpore tales técnicas en su banco de talento corporativo. || Business decision making is a critical factor to the viability of companies. In the current more dynamic, global and competitive scenario, this critical factor opens space to wider requirements. Modeling and simulation have traditionally formed a substantial part of the toolkit used to support decision making, especially in the business strategy field. In this paper, our aim is to open a clear perspective on the added value offered by simulation. We first introduce an overview about the process of decision making based on simulation. Next, a case study is developed, in which such steps are reflected to decide whether to implement a PUSH behavior or a PULL behavior in a particular company. The results obtained lead us to the decision to implement PULL instead of PUSH, showing that simulation techniques are a very valuable tool to

  6. La marca-país como fuente de valor para las economías nacionales y elemento orientador en las decisiones estratégicas de las empresas

    OpenAIRE

    Montesinos Bonet, Mari Angeles

    2015-01-01

    Esta tesis se enmarca en el campo de investigación del Marketing sobre el comportamiento del consumidor. Dado el fenómeno actual de la globalización, la información relativa al país de origen y la marca de los productos han adquirido una gran relevancia para los consumidores, junto con otros atributos como la calidad, el diseño, la información sobre las características técnicas del producto. En los procesos de toma de decisiones de los individuos la búsqueda de información se convierte en det...

  7. La representación social que orienta las decisiones paternas al afrontar el consumo de drogas de sus hijos The social representation guiding parental decisions to face drug consumption of their teenage children

    OpenAIRE

    Bertha Lidia Nuño-Gutiérrez; Catalina González-Forteza

    2004-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Identificar la representación social que orientó la toma de decisiones en padres de adolescentes usuarios de drogas para afrontar el consumo de sus hijos. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Por selección aleatoria sistemática se realizó un estudio cualitativo mediante listados libres, cuestionarios de caracterización y entrevistas profundas a 60 padres de usuarios que acudían a tratamiento a Centros de Integración Juvenil en Guadalajara, Jalisco, México, durante 2002. El análisis fue mediante corr...

  8. Análisis de decisiones en el ámbito de una empresa de carácter industrial y comercial en base a diferentes sistemas de costes

    OpenAIRE

    Gómez Serra, Albert

    2014-01-01

    Este Proyecto de Fin de Carrera pretende sistematizar los aspectos cuantitativos existentes en el proceso de toma de decisiones de precios de productos, de modo que se complementen con los aspectos cualitativos del mismo. El proyecto se enmarca en un grupo con actividad productiva y comercial, centrando su negocio en el mercado de las carabinas de aire comprimido y sus productos complementarios. A raíz de la experiencia personal adquirida dentro de la empresa en el área financiera, se p...

  9. Tutorial for Authors and Referees

    Science.gov (United States)

    Editors from Physical Review Letters and Physical Review will provide information and tips for our less experienced referees and authors. This session is aimed at anyone looking to submit to or review for any of the APS journals, as well as anyone who would like to learn more about the authoring and refereeing processes. Topics for discussion will include advice on how to write good manuscripts, similarities and differences in writing referee reports for PRL and PR, and other ways in which authors, referees, and editors can work together productively. Following a short presentation from the editors, there will be a moderated discussion.

  10. Tutuorial for Authors and Referees

    Science.gov (United States)

    Am–9:30AM

    2010-03-01

    Editors from Physical Review Letters and Physical Review will provide information and tips for our less experienced referees and authors. This session is aimed at anyone looking to submit to or review for any of the APS journals, as well as anyone who would like to learn more about the authoring and refereeing processes. Topics for discussion will include advice on how to write good manuscripts, similarities and differences in writing referee reports for PRL and PR, and other ways in which authors, referees, and editors can work together productively. Following a short presentation from the editors, there will be a moderated discussion. Refreshments will be served.

  11. Computer in radiology: Physicians memorandum and administration of medical practice aided by COMRAD

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    One year after introduction of the COMRAD EDP system of text processing to the radiological practice of the author, the advantages resulting for the physician and medical staff as well as for the transferring physician and their patients are presented and the econimic efficiency is determined. The high capacity of COMRAD including the automatic text processing for a complete computer aided administration of medical practice and the accounting department, is based on the advanced technological development of microelectronics and combined with a user specific software. The hardware equipment enables multiprogram processing, data processing in on-line operation as well as short access-time of stored data, due to the rapid tracertechnology of the computer. The software equipment, with text processing and a medical practice administration system, permits the regular workload to be handled efficiently and reliable. The main issue is text processing using a text rail. An integrated part of the result output is the performance capacity enabling automatic settlement of accounts with health insurance agencies and privatly insured patients. Statistical evaluation, for instance the daily performance efficiency of the practice can be recalled any time. An accounting system accounts receivable, accounts payable, payroll and general accounting supplements the software package enabling a computer aided handling of all administrative tasks required in a radiological practice. (orig.)

  12. Memorandum from the HR Department and the Legal Service concerning taxation in SWITZERLAND

    CERN Document Server

    HR Department

    2007-01-01

    I/ 2006 income tax declaration The 2006 income tax declaration form must be completed in accordance with the instructions provided by the Swiss authorities set out below, then signed and returned to the competent tax office. You must ask your tax office for an extension of the deadline for returning the form (see Part II below) if you are not yet in possession of all the documents needed to complete it. We remind you that all members of the personnel are exempt from federal, cantonal and communal taxation on salaries and emoluments paid by CERN. Swiss members of the personnel have been exempt since the introduction of internal taxation on 1st January 2005. A - General remarks for Swiss and non-Swiss members of the personnel domiciled in Switzerland a) Swiss members of the personnel must indicate the amount of salary and emoluments paid by CERN (i.e. the total amount specified in Section A of the 2006 annual internal taxation certificate) and must attach this certificate (which will be available at th...

  13. Memorandum from the HR Department and the Legal Service concerning taxation in SWITZERLAND

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Department

    2007-01-01

    (Federal, Cantonal and Communal income taxes) The Swiss Federal Tax Authorities have recognised CERN's internal taxation system, as approved by the CERN Council in September 2005, with retroactive effect to 1 January 2005. Members of the personnel, in particular those of Swiss nationality, are thereby exempted from the payment of Federal, Cantonal and Communal taxes on salaries and emoluments paid by CERN since 1 January 2005. If, upon receiving the provisional income tax demand (bordereau provisoire) for the 2006 direct Federal income tax (impôt fédéral direct - IFD) or the Cantonal and Communal payment-on-account instalment slips (calcul des acomptes), you notice that your CERN income has ? erroneously ? been used in the calculation of the IFD or the Cantonal and Communal income taxes, you must contact your local tax office directly. In such cases, you must ask your tax office to correct your provisional income tax demand for the IFD and the provisional instalments of the Cantonal and Communal inco...

  14. 13C solution NMR spectra of poly(ether)urethanes. Technical memorandum

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The 13C solution nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectra of the 15 poly(ether)urethanes are presented. The poly(urethane)s were prepared using one of two diisocyanates, either methylene diphenyl diisocyanate (MDI) or hexamethylene diisocyanate (HDI), one of five poly(ether glycol)s, poly(tetramethylene ether glycol) of molecular weight 650, 1000, or 1400, or poly(ethylene glycol) of molecular weight 600 or 1000, and one of three chain extenders, 1,4-butanediol, 2,2-dimethyl-1,3-propanediol, or diethylene glycol. These polymers were prepared as part of a modelling study to determine if Group Contribution Theory and Group Interaction Modelling could be used to predict dynamic mechanical properties of poly(ether)urethanes on the basis of the structural fragments in the polymers. The chemical shifts of the unique carbons in each of the poly(urethane)s are assigned. They can be used to unambiguously identify the diisocyanate/diol/poly(ether glycol) used to prepare the various polyurethanes. For some compounds the spectra show resonances for terminal hydroxyl substituted carbons. These could provide a method, under the right experimental conditions, to compare molecular weights of batches of the same polymer. (author)

  15. Assessment of nuclear medicine capabilities in responding to a radiological terrorism event. Technical memorandum

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Substantial effort has been placed into enhancing federal capabilities for responding to a Chemical, Biological, Radiological, or Nuclear (CBRN) terrorist attack. However, little emphasis has been placed on including the local-level medical responders in these efforts. In effecting response to a radiological incident, potentially useful resources to access are health care professionals with training in matters of ionizing radiation, namely: nuclear medicine physicians, radiologists, radiation oncologists, medical physicists, and technologists. In this report, we focus on Nuclear Medicine expertise in Canada, and place this expertise into the context of assisting with a radiological terrorist incident. Nuclear Medicine expertise, along with its supporting infrastructure has already been deployed in proportion to the distribution of the civilian population. Given the expectations that the civilian population places in these health care professionals, their immediate access to specialized equipment, and the delay between a radiological terrorist incident and the arrival of federal expert capabilities, it is likely that these health care professionals will play important roles in emergency response. These roles will likely be: identifying the nature of the incident, triage, decontamination, coordinating with First Responders, and communicating with the media. Acknowledging the potential value of these professionals in responding to a radiological terrorist incident, steps should be taken to enlist their support and integrate them into a coherent national strategy. (author)

  16. Australian radiation protection and nuclear safety (consequential amendments) Bill 1998. Explanatory memorandum

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-12-31

    The purpose of this Bill is to make consequential changes to the Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation Act 1987 (the ANSTO Act) and to provide for transitional arrangements to cover the operation of controlled facilities and the handling of radiation sources while applications for licences to cover these facilities and activities are being made under the proposed Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Act 1998 (the ARPANS Act) For this purpose, the Bill: (a) repeals Parts VI and VII A of the ANSTO Act under which, respectively, the Safety Review Committee and the Nuclear Safety Bureau are established, as the functions of the Committee and Bureau will be transferred to the CEO of the Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency, established under the ARPANS Act; (b) makes transitional arrangements for the transfer of the assets and liabilities of the Nuclear Safety Bureau to the Commonwealth, and confers on the CEO of ARPANSA the powers of the Director of the Nuclear Safety Bureau in relation to the Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation during the transitional period before the offenses provisions commence to operate under the ARPANS Act; (c) repeals the Environment Protection (Nuclear Codes) Act 1978. That Act provides for the development and endorsement of Codes of Practice which will be undertaken under the auspices of ARPANSA; (d) provides that Commonwealth entities have a transition period of 6 months after the ARPANS Act commences to apply for a licence to authorize specified activities under that Act

  17. Action memorandum for the Waste Area Grouping 1 Tank WC-14 removal action at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This action memorandum documents approval for a Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980, as amended (CERCLA), time-critical action. The action will remove radiologically contaminated water from Tank WC-14. The water contains a polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) at a level below regulatory concern. Tank WC-14 is located in the Waste Area Grouping (WAG) 1 WC-10 Tank Farm at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Oak Ridge, Tennessee. Contaminated sludge remaining in the tank after removal of the liquid will be the subject of a future action

  18. German-Dutch memorandum of 28 October 1977 on mutual information and consultation with regard to nuclear installations close to the border

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    By the German-Dutch memorandum of October 28, 1977, the Home Minister of the Federal Republic of Germany and the Dutch Minister of Public Health, Einvironment and Social Security undertake to mutually inform on the erection of nuclear installations close to the border, i.e. within 100 km of the border. For installations within 30 km of the border, an appropriate documentation must be provided. A commission is to be established consulting on nuclear installations close to the border and meeting at least once in a year. (HP)

  19. Decisional Balance and Collegiate Drinking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morgen, Keith; Gunneson, Lauren

    2008-01-01

    The study examined the perceived benefits and costs of alcohol use among undergraduates (N=462) perceiving their drinking as normal or abnormal as well as those undergraduates who met or did not meet the DSM-IV-TR criteria for an alcohol disorder. A 2x2 MANOVA and univariate analyses on the benefits (pros) and costs (cons) scales of the Alcohol…

  20. THE DECISIONAL MOMENT AND ETHICS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Loredana TEREC-VLAD

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to analyze the ethical decisions taken by organizations both in everyday life as well as in exceptional circumstances. For this purpose, we thought it would be important to bring into account the ethical issues within organizations, such as: responsibility, morals or trust capital. In this context, we have raised the problem of unethical behaviour, given that knowing the causes of unethical behaviour can help prevent it. Throughout this paper we shall also highlight the aspects related to organizational communication, since the decision making process also involves communicating with the employees or business partners.

  1. Corporate Author Entries. Revision 5

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This reference authority has been created and is maintained to provide standard forms for recording the names of organizations consistently in bibliographic citations. This revision includes approximately 42,000 entries established since 1973

  2. Digital signature and certification authorities

    OpenAIRE

    Prouza, Marek

    2013-01-01

    This bachelor thesis deal with Public Key Infrastructure issue, certificates and certification authorities. At the beginning there is included chapter about cryptography for better understanding including historical evolution of ciphers and analysis of three important ciphers. In the next chapter are discussed possibilities and principles of certification authorities, certificates and x509 standard. Following chapter discuss practical use of certificates in business, MS Office aplications and...

  3. Belief Semantics of Authorization Logic

    OpenAIRE

    Hirsch, Andrew K.; Clarkson, Michael R.

    2013-01-01

    Authorization logics have been used in the theory of computer security to reason about access control decisions. In this work, a formal belief semantics for authorization logics is given. The belief semantics is proved to subsume a standard Kripke semantics. The belief semantics yields a direct representation of principals' beliefs, without resorting to the technical machinery used in Kripke semantics. A proof system is given for the logic; that system is proved sound with respect to the beli...

  4. Spaceport Florida Authority: Business Plan

    Science.gov (United States)

    1996-01-01

    The Spaceport Florida Authority (SFA) was established under Florida Statute by the Governor and Legislature to assist the development of our nation's space transportation industry and to generate new space-related jobs, investment and opportunities statewide. Included in the Authorities' business plan is the statement of work and list of team members involved in creating the report, SFA's current operating concept, market analysis, assessment of accomplishments, a sample operating concept and a "roadmap to success".

  5. Building a Modular Authorization Infrastructure

    OpenAIRE

    Chadwick, David W; Zhao, Gansen; Otenko, Sassa; LABORDE, Romain; Su, Linying; Nguyen, Tuan Anh

    2006-01-01

    Authorization infrastructures manage privileges and render access control decisions, allowing applications to adjust their behavior according to the privileges allocated to users. This paper describes the PERMIS role based authorization infrastructure along with its conceptual authorisation, access control, and trust models. PERMIS has the novel concept of a credential validation service, which verifies a user’s credentials prior to access control decision making and enables ...

  6. Cleaning services in local authorities

    OpenAIRE

    Klungseth, Nora Johanne

    2015-01-01

    This thesis discusses cleaning services in local authorities and is a response to calls for new knowledge on public facility management (FM). The research was financed by the Norwegian Ministry of Local Government and Regional Development (KRD). The aim is to describe and explore cleaning in order to provide new knowledge which may contribute to developing and improving FM in local authorities. The research undertaken was based on a descriptive and exploratory mixed-method approach consisting...

  7. Memorandum of understanding between the Federal Minister for the Environment, nature conservation and nuclear safety of the Federal Republic of Germany and the atomic energy control board of Canada on cooperation and exchange of information respecting nuclear safety and radiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Memorandum of Understanding on co-operation and exchange of information respecting nuclear safety and radiation protection covers the period 23 May 1991 to 1 June 1996. The Parties may exchange information on any matter concerning the civil uses of nuclear energy within the other Party's jurisdiction and, in particular information on: nuclear installations, their siting, construction, operation and decommissioning; uranium mining and milling; nuclear fuel production; radioactive waste treatment, storage and disposal; transport of nuclear fuel and radioactive waste; radiation protection; legislation, regulations, standards. All information received and the results of activities carried out under this Memorandum of Understanding will be used exclusively for peaceful purposes

  8. Regulatory authority infrastructure for Namibia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Republic of Namibia is participating in the International Atomic Energy Agency's Model Project for the Improvement of National Regulatory Authority Infrastructures in Member States. The paper illustrates our experience in solving problems and difficulties confronted in establishing an effective regulatory authority operating within the existing national infrastructure that should be supported by the Government. An effective regulatory authority is seen as part of the wider administrative scope of our Government through ministerial mandates given by the State from time to time, guaranteeing its independence when implementing legal provisions under statutes. Sections of the report illustrate our experience in the following areas: 1. National radiation protection policy 2. Structure of our national regulatory authority 3. Laws and regulations 4. Provisions for notification, authorization and registration 5. In-depth security measures for radiation sources and radioactive material 6. Systems for the inspection of radiation sources, radioactive materials, enforcement of legal provisions 7. Extent of the applications of radiation sources and radioactive materials in the country. The paper provides information regarding existing Government policy on radiation protection; structure and legal aspects of the national regulatory, including statutes and regulations; the extent of application and uses of radiation sources and security of radioactive materials; human resources: strengths and constraints; management practices and financing of regulatory authority; and plans for emergency recovery of orphan sources. National plans for management of disused sources, recovery of orphan sources, abnormal emergencies, communication of information to affected persons on exposure effects, and the safety training of persons using these applications are discussed. the paper provides a summary and some suggestions of the way forward for Namibia. (author)

  9. Political authorities of local government

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Historically the responsibility for planning, siting, constructing, and operating the generating, transmission, and distribution systems for electric utility service (as well as the end-use systems) developed within the electric utility industry itself, subject to state and local regulation. This responsibility was later sanctioned as a functional authority as both private and publicly-owned utility franchises were negotiated with states and brought under the regulatory purview of Public Service Commissions and Public Utility Commissions around the turn of the century. Since 1970 this historic framework has been substantially altered by the enactment of powerplant siting laws in approximately 23 states and by the assertion of state interests in not only the corporate regulation, but the long range planning of electric powerplants and the consideration of alternative energy systems. Thus it is instructive to consider the authorities for powerplant siting in the following context: (1) historically the reponsibility and the authority for powerplant siting has redounded to franchised utility companies; (2) since 1970 the states have begun to exercise their constitutional authority over the development of power plant siting and energy systems; (3) both local governments and electric utility companies exist as subdivisions of the state, subject to state regulation and the delegation of state authorities. However, the assertion of state authorities in this area has come at a time when changes in the technology an the institutional structure of the electric utility industry have extended the functional service areas beyond the geographic boundaries and political jurisdictions of either local or state government, thereby creating a jurisdictional hiatus between the serivce areas of electric utilities and the jurisdictional authorities of state and local government

  10. La participación del tercer sector en las decisiones de vivienda: La integración del usuario en el proceso. Barrio 1 y 2 – Autoconstructores – Ensenada – Provincia de Buenos Aires

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Lombardi

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available La experiencia desarrollada recientemente en los Seminarios de posgrado, diseñados y coordinados por la UI 3, IDEHAB, FAU, UNLP, en el marco de los correspondientes Proyectos de Investigación, sumada a las actividades de grado y de extensión universitaria, facilita la verificación del rol protagónico que desempeña el usuario en el proceso de decisiones tendientes a lograr soluciones al problema habitacional. El sostenido crecimiento del Tercer Sector, sus complejidades y limitaciones, en el cambiante contexto actual, ha favorecido la incorporación del usuario de la vivienda desde el inicio del proceso como su gestor y generador de recursos, y a continuación, integrando distintas formas organizativas, aportando desde lo personal a las decisiones referidas a diseño y producción de la vivienda. La propuesta de la vivienda implica servicios, equipamiento y comunicaciones; es la respuesta a una necesidad sentida, donde el usuario construye directamente su propio crecimiento personal, acompañado por una mejor calidad de vida de su grupo familiar y acorde a su identidad y reconocimiento de lenguaje tectónico. Esta integración del usuario en el proceso decisorio, requiere la participación de profesionales universitarios con formación consciente y comprometida con la problemática social.

  11. Ombuds’ corner: Relationship to authority

    CERN Multimedia

    Vincent Vuillemin

    2012-01-01

    In this series, the Bulletin aims to explain the role of the Ombuds at CERN by presenting practical examples of misunderstandings that could have been resolved by the Ombuds if he had been contacted earlier. Please note that, in all the situations we present, the names are fictitious and used only to improve clarity.   Among the cases brought to the Ombuds, many of them have to do with difficulties between supervisees and supervisors. In fact, they form the majority of the cases. For both parties, the source of the conflict boils down to the relationship that people entertain with what can be called "the authority". The relationship with the authority is somewhat different within the various Sectors of CERN, as are the relationships between personnel and supervisors. Generally one considers that natural authority can either come from a respected technical knowledge, or from charisma along with a good understanding of human relationships. Of course together these qualities ge...

  12. Radiopharmaceutical: options to marketing authorization

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In France, since the law 92-1279 (December 1992) the tracer used in nuclear medicine are considered as medicines, and all the regulations applicable to general medicines have to be followed for radiopharmaceuticals. The best situation in order to use radiopharmaceutical in nuclear medicine center is to use a tracer with a marketing authorization. However due to the very high cost to obtain this authorization, many tracers validated by scientific community will never been sold by pharmaceutical companies. However in respect with legal rules, it is possible to prepare these tracers in the hospital radiopharmacy, under the responsibility of the radio-pharmacist. We discuss here these different possibilities (magistral preparation...) and the conditions for these preparations. (author)

  13. Satisfacción de los pacientes con el proceso de información, consentimiento y toma de decisiones durante la hospitalización Patient satisfaction with the process of computerisation, consent and decision making during hospitalisation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P Simón

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Las organizaciones sanitarias han pasado de estar centradas en los profesionales a poner en el centro a los usuarios y sus expectativas. Las nuevas instituciones de salud quieren conocer la percepción de los pacientes sobre la calidad de la atención que reciben, en particular sobre la información recibida, el consentimiento y la toma de decisiones. Es necesario disponer de instrumentos de medida que exploren los distintos componentes del proceso de información, consentimiento y toma de decisiones. Fundamento. Identificar las dimensiones relacionadas con el proceso de información, consentimiento y toma de decisiones más importantes para los pacientes y susceptibles de ser evaluadas a través de un cuestionario. Sujetos y método. Personas mayores de edad que hayan estado hospitalizadas al menos dos días. Estudio cualitativo de entrevistas semiestructuradas. Resultados. Los participantes desean ser informados y participar en la toma de decisiones, no conocen el significado de la carta de derechos de los pacientes, desean compartir con la familia todo el proceso asistencial, la información escrita les resulta incomprensible y sienten que no se atiende convenientemente su dolor y malestar. Conclusión. Conviene incluir las siguientes dimensiones en los cuestionarios sobre satisfacción: a posibilidad de aclaración de dudas, b conocimiento real de los derechos y deberes de los pacientes, c participación de la familia en el proceso asistencial, d continuidad del mismo informador a lo largo de la hospitalización, d grado de comprensión de la información escrita, e implicación en la toma de decisiones y f atención al dolor y al malestar.The health organisations have moved from being centred on the professionals and are now centred on users and their expectations. The new health institutions want to know patients’ perception of the quality of the care received, with particular respect to the information received, consent and decision

  14. La inteligencia de negocio como apoyo a la toma de decisiones en el ámbito académico (Business Intelligence as decision support system in academic environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yusnier Reyes Dixson

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Spanish abstract. Las organizaciones competitivas han establecido sistemas de inteligencia de negocio para proporcionar a sus trabajadores herramientas que les ayuden en la toma de decisiones (Guitart y Conesa, 2014. El acertado flujo y gestión de datos e información es vital para un acertado proceso de toma de decisiones. Esta táctica trasladada al ámbito universitario significa proporcionar a profesores y directivos sistemas que apoyen la toma de decisiones en su actividad docente (Guitart y Conesa, 2014. A pesar de las ventajas que ha propiciado el uso de estos sistemas y de las dificultades detectadas con el tratamiento y la forma en que se utilizan los datos para dar soporte a las decisiones en el ámbito académico universitario, no se ha evidenciado un uso sistemático de los mismos. Debido al aumento del volumen de los datos almacenados, los profesores y directivos se enfrentan a un ambiente de incertidumbre y complejidad crecientes. Generalmente no se cuenta con las herramientas necesarias para manipular estos datos y convertirlos en información valiosa. Este trabajo tuvo como objetivo desarrollar un sistema basado en inteligencia de negocios que permita capturar, almacenar, procesar, analizar y mostrar de manera eficiente, los datos generados en el proceso de formación. La propuesta fue utilizada con datos reales del primer año de una facultad de la Universidad de las Ciencias Informáticas en los cursos 2012-2013, 2013-2014 y del primer semestre del curso 2014-2015 a partir de lo cual se obtuvo información útil para la toma de decisiones. Por último se propuso un conjunto de elementos organizativos para la correcta utilización del sistema. English abstract. Competitive organizations have established business intelligence systems to provide their workers with tools to help them in decision-making (Guitart and Conesa, 2014. The successful flow and management of data and information is vital for a successful decision

  15. Author Gender Identification from Text

    OpenAIRE

    Rezaei, Atoosa Mohammad

    2014-01-01

    ABSTRACT: The identification of an author's gender from a text has become a popular research area within the scope of text categorization. The number of users of social network applications based on text, such as Twitter, Facebook and text messaging services, has grown rapidly over the past few decades. As a result, text has become one of the most important and prevalent media types on the Internet. This thesis aims to determine the gender of an author from an arbitrary piece of text such as,...

  16. Inactive Tanks Remediation Program Batch I, Series I tanks 3001-B, 3004-B, 3013, and T-30 technical memorandum. Environmental Restoration Program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This technical memorandum provides information that can be used to make decisions concerning the disposition of four inactive tank systems that have been designated Batch 1, Series 1, by the Inactive Tanks Remediation Program team. The Batch I, Series 1, tanks are 3001-B, 3004-B, 3013, and T-30. The report offers viable alternatives for tank system disposition. The Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) requires a Federal Facility Agreement (FFA) for federal facilities placed on the National Priorities List. The Oak Ridge Reservation was placed on that list on December 21, 1989, and the agreement was signed in November 1991 by DOE's Oak Ridge Operations Office, the US Environmental Protection Agency-Region IV, and the Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation. The effective date of the FFA is January 1, 1992. One objective of the FFA is to ensure that inactive liquid low-level radioactive waste tank systems are evaluated and, if appropriate, remediated through the CERCLA process. The Inactive Tanks Remediation Program and the Gunite and Associated Tanks Project (GAAT) are the two efforts that will meet this FFA objective. This memorandum addresses tank systems within the Inactive Tanks Remediation Program. Separate CERCLA documentation addresses the tank systems within the GAAT Project

  17. Book Review Politicile Publice, Raţionalitate şi decizie în spaţiul administrativ – author Dorina Ţicu, Adenium Publishing House, 2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silviu-Petru GRECU

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The field of public administration couldn’t be explained without a rational and objective approach. In this meaning, the book Politicile Publice, Raţionalitate şi decizie în spaţiul administrativ, written by Dorina Ţicu, resumes the theoretical framework for the correlation between public policy and public administration. The book is structured in three parts (chapters in which the author expresses the main concepts and its proper theory about the rationality in public policies. At the conceptual level we can identify several normative approaches in addition with public decision and bureaucrat’s rationality. The decisional process is seen as the main behavioral value for political actors, individuals, social groups or institutional sphere. The author emphasizes the idea that the rational choice could be a kind of modus vivendi for different social actors. Starting with these premises the decisional process is the engine of the social action. Every social actor sets its social actions in accord with rational purposes or rational motivation.

  18. 1 report, 6 authors? Easy!

    CERN Multimedia

    Anaïs Schaeffer

    2015-01-01

    In 2016, the CERN E-Publishing Service will be testing three co-authoring platforms to decide which is the most suitable for CERN. Whatever type of documents you co-write – scientific papers, internal reports or proceedings – a co-authoring tool will simplify the process. To make such a service available at CERN, the E-Publishing team needs your help.   At CERN, the E-Publishing Service is responsible for copy-editing scientific texts such as CERN reports, scientific papers, school or conference proceedings, etc., and provides support to CERN people regarding the style and layout of their publications. As part of its efforts to simplify the lives of CERN authors, the E-Publishing Service has decided to evaluate the benefits of a new service: a co-authoring platform. If you write on LaTeX or Word-like software, use a messaging application for comments and a calendar for deadlines, and then distribute the file by e-mail (as many times as necessary) – then a co-au...

  19. Registering Researchers in Authority Files

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith-Yoshimura, Karen; Altman, Micah; Conlon, Michael; Cristán, Ana Lupe; Dawson, Laura; Dunham, Joanne; Hickey, Thom; Hook, Daniel; Horstmann, Wolfram; MacEwan, Andrew; Schreur, Philip; Smart, Laura; Wacker, Melanie; Woutersen, Saskia

    2014-01-01

    Written by OCLC Research Program Officer Karen Smith-Yoshimura and the 13 members of the Registering Researchers in Authority Files Task Group comprised of specialists from the US, UK, and the Netherlands, this report summarizes their research into approaches to providing authoritative researcher identifiers. Registering researchers in some type…

  20. Achieving Journalistic Authority through Narrative.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zelizer, Barbie

    1990-01-01

    Examines how journalists use three narrative strategies (synecdoche, omission, and personalization) to assert their authority in their retellings of the John F. Kennedy assassination. Finds that, by giving themselves a central position within the story, journalists make the assassination story as much about American journalists as about Kennedy's…

  1. Circulation of authorizations - Authority as a material and processuel configuration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Benjaminsen, Nana

    In 2006 I spent two months at a school observing 5 and 6 graders using the construction based learning game Lego Robolab, as part of My PhD project where I investigate the variation of authority figurations around technologies in school. Lego Robolab is an educational tool, which gives the studen...... definition in relation to the discussions of changed teacher roles within technology driven teaching.......In 2006 I spent two months at a school observing 5 and 6 graders using the construction based learning game Lego Robolab, as part of My PhD project where I investigate the variation of authority figurations around technologies in school. Lego Robolab is an educational tool, which gives the students....... Electronic devises, children, half build robots and teachers were more or less constantly moving, and circulating in the two classrooms. I argue that this is challenging what in common practise would be called the teacher's authority. Through the empirical example provided, and in line with the sociomaterial...

  2. Author Clustering on Large Bibliographies

    CERN Document Server

    Sterz, Christoph

    2014-01-01

    We analyze and design an algorithm for clustering large sets of authors in Bibliographies. Not considering a distance function for a mutual comparison, but transforming the data into a multidimensional metric space, the algorithm described is similar to locally sensitive hashing. The task lies in the field of Record-Linkage. The algorithm was designed and performed based on the data of the CERN Document Server, consisting out of more than 1.7 million metadata entries and is part of the digital assets-managing-software invenio. Meant as a prototype, the algorithm performs efficiently, clustering all authors on CDS in under 30 minutes. We will discuss extensions improving the recall rate, wich still remains inferior to the currently used clustering-approach.

  3. Towards Unified Authorization for Android

    OpenAIRE

    May, Michael J; Bhargavan, Karthikeyan

    2013-01-01

    Android applications that manage sensitive data such as email and files downloaded from cloud storage services need to protect their data from malware installed on the phone. While prior security analyses have focused on protecting system data such as GPS locations from malware, not much attention has been given to the protection of application data. We show that many popular commercial applications incorrectly use Android authorization mechanisms leading to attacks that steal sensitive data....

  4. Palestine Authorities:Trouble within

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tang Zhichao

    2004-01-01

    @@ The Palestine Authorities (PA) is now plagued with an internal crisis ever seen over the past dozen years. A string of kidnappings, gun battles, cases of arson and demonstrations resorted to by some hotheads since mid-July has thrown Gaza Strip into utter chaos, triggering off a political crisis with many high-ranking officials including Prime Minister Kurile tendering their resignations to President Yasser Arafat.

  5. Strenghening Safeguards Authorities and Institutions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goodman,M.; Lockwood, d.; Rosenthal, M.D.; Tape, J.W.

    2008-06-06

    The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) safeguards system has changed in major ways from the establishment of the IAEA in 1957 until the present. Changes include strengthening the legal framework of safeguards; improvements in concepts and approaches for safeguards implementation; and significant improvements in the technical tools available to inspectors. In this paper, we explore three broad areas related to strengthening safeguards authorities and institutions: integrated safeguards and State-Level Approaches; special inspections; and NPT withdrawal and the continuation of safeguards.

  6. Relaciones de poder y estructura de decisiones del gremio cafetero colombiano: La Federación Nacional de Cafeteros de Colombia, FEDERACAFE, y el Fondo Nacional del Café

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Rodríguez Vargas

    1997-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo presenta información sobre la estructura de centros de decisión de la Federación Nacional de Cafeteros de Colombia, organización que se ha destacado en la economía y la sociedad colombianas durante setenta años, así como el mecanismo institucional esencial para su desarrollo como es el Fondo Nacional del Café, cuyos ingresos provienen de las tasas parafiscales que el Estado ha impuesto a los cafeteros por su producto estratégico de exportación. La perspectiva del estudio relaciona la interacción de las instituciones constituidas por leyes, decretos, normas, tanto del gobierno como de las regiones y de los municipios en donde se lleva a cabo la producción y comercialización del café. La cogestión de los impuestos corporativos del Fondo Nacional del Café toca las fronteras entre la gestión pública que responde al interés nacional y la gestión social privada de una asociación exitosa de profesionales agrícolas que responde a los intereses particulares de los productores. La estrategia de los dirigentes cafeteros ha sido guardar su autonomía organizacional de defensa de los intereses de sus asociados frente al gobierno por la vía de influir sobre las decisiones públicas como su aliado y nunca como su contradictor. La permanencia de sus directivos, la centralización de decisiones estratégicas, la descentralización operativa y su capacidad técnica para el manejo de la información nacional e internacional sobre su socio en la cogestión del Fondo Nacional de Cafeteros, por tanto, han ganado la capacidad de manejarse a sí mismo, es decir, su autonomía y capacidad de autogestión de sus decisiones.

  7. Desarrollo de la competencia argumentativa a través de la toma de decisiones en el abordaje de la cuestión sociocientífica “uso y comercialización del PVC”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lady Carolina Achury

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Se plantea el diseño y la puesta en práctica de una estrategia de aula con la implementación de una secuencia didáctica, que se aplica a estudiantes de grado undécimo de un colegio público de la ciudad de Bogotá D.C. Dicha estrategia utiliza una metodología cualitativa a través de categorías de análisis de argumentación y toma de decisiones. Los resultados de esta experiencia de aula buscan evaluar la articulación entre la argumentación y la toma de decisiones, mediante el abordaje de la cuestión sociocientífica: uso y comercialización del Policloruro de Vinilo (PVC. En un primer momento se analizan las ideas previas de los estudiantes frente a los polímeros, específicamente el PVC, con el objetivo de establecer algunos parámetros que permitan mejorar la secuencia a implementar. Posteriormente se presentan los resultados obtenidos en las actividades planteadas de la secuencia, analizando el nivel de argumentación en la toma de decisiones que presentan los estudiantes.Development of Argumentative Competence through Decisions Making of Socio-Scientific Questions: "Use and Marketing of PVC"AbstractThis paper presents the design and implementation of a strategy of classroom with the implementation of a teaching sequence that applies to high school student’s (junior of a public school in Bogotá-Colombia. This strategy uses a qualitative methodology through categories of analysis of argumentation and decision making. The results of this classroom experience seeking to assess the relevance to articulate the argument in decision-making; by addressing the socio-scientific issue "use and marketing of Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC". At first previous ideas of students compared to polymers, specifically PVC, in order to establish some parameters to improve the sequence to implement are discussed. Subsequently, the results of the proposed activities of the sequence, analyzing the level of argumentation in the decision making of students

  8. Knowledge for a sustainable economy. Knowledge questions around the Dutch Memorandum on Environment and Economy ('Nota Milieu en Economie'); Kennis voor een duurzame economie. Kennisvragen rond de Nota Milieu en Economie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dieleman, J.P.C.; Hafkamp, W.A. [Erasmus Studiecentrum voor Milieukunde, Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam, Rotterdam (Netherlands)

    1999-05-19

    June 18, 1997, the Dutch government presented the Memorandum Environment and Economy with the aim to contribute to integration of environment and economy and to stimulation the realization of a sustainable economy. Next to a vast overview of actions, ideas, perspectives, staring points, challenges and dilemmas to take into account when forming a sustainable economy, it is indicated in that Memorandum that there is a need for research and knowledge to compile relevant data and insight to support decision making processes. The aim of this report is to develop a framework in which knowledge questions can be generated. The questions that fall outside the framework of the Memorandum concern needs, values and images and are formulated in four groups: (1) what is the role of materialism and stress in processes of conventional economic growth?; (2) What is the importance of reduction of consumption ('consuminderen') and slowing down ('onthaasting' or dehasting) to realize a process of sustainable economic development; (3) which images form the basis of the present process of economic development, where do they come from and how do they change over time; and (4) which images of progression give direction to a sustainable economic development and how do they exist? The questions that follow the Memorandum concern decoupling (of environment and economy), sustainable consumption, knowledge economy, institutions and a process of change. Central in the framework of knowledge questions are questions, related to perspectives and actions, as formulated in the Memorandum for different sectors in the Dutch society: industry and services; agriculture and rural areas; and traffic, transport and infrastructure.

  9. Kosovo : Economic Memorandum

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2004-01-01

    Prospects for economic growth depend upon the success of two overarching factors (1) mitigating risks related to political uncertainty and the maintenance of peace and security in the region; and (2) implementation of a policy program that promotes private sector- led growth, including completion of the reconstruction effort. Such a package of reforms might include the following measures: ...

  10. Kenya Country Economic Memorandum

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank Group

    2016-01-01

    The Kenya CEM has five main messages. First, Kenya has performed well in the past decade in terms of economic growth, and modern services are behind the acceleration of growth. Expansion in these services, such as financial intermediation and mobile communications have stimulated demand for other services such as trade. The CEM discusses how to maximize the potential of services, especially given that most formal, high quality jobs are created in this sector. Second, agriculture, which still ...

  11. Instructions & Forms for Authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Journal of Materials Sciences & Technology is a monthly journal for the rapid dissemination of new, impor- tant results in material and related fields. Submission Electronic files of MS Word and PDF are acceptable. Please visit http://www.jmst.org and submit online. Submission of a manuscript must be the original work of the author(s) and has not been published elsewhere or under consideration for another publication, or a substantially similar form in any language. Authors are encouraged to recommend three to five individuals (including their research fields, e-mail, phone numbers and addresses) who are qualified to serve as referees for their paper.

  12. BJPsych Bulletin author mentoring scheme - helping trainees become published authors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pimm, Jonathan; Galbraith, Niall

    2016-02-01

    The publishing world is changing rapidly. Innovations include the move to open access, the rise of social media and the transition to digitalisation. In the light of these developments and with ever-increasing pressures on early career psychiatrists and trainees to publish papers in journals with a recognised pedigree, the BJPsych Bulletin is piloting an author mentoring scheme. Mentors will help clinicians and aspiring academics develop articles from a pedestrian manuscript to one that will hopefully provoke important debate and aid changes in current practices. The scheme will run on a trial basis for approximately 12 months and will then be reviewed. Mentoring has been found to have an important effect of research output including publication and grant success; the hope is that this new initiative at the BJPsych Bulletin will result in such dividends to all involved. PMID:26958356

  13. The general theory on decision taking and it´s application in the medical assistance field (III La teoría general sobre la toma de decisiones y su aplicación al campo de la asistencia médica (III.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Alberto Corona Martínez

    Full Text Available This article deepens on other aspects related to decision making, describing the relationships that are established between the types of problems and of decisions, as well as the qualities to make decisions effectively : experience,judge and creativeness and the relative importance of these qualities Other elements that affect decision making are also analyzed such as style of decision making and level of moral development. Emphasis is made on the ethical dimension.

    Este artículo profundiza en otros aspectos relevantes de la teoría general sobre la toma de decisiones. Se describe la relación que se establece entre los tipos de problemas y los tipos de decisiones, así como las cualidades personales para la toma efectiva de decisiones: la experiencia, el juicio y la creatividad, y la importancia relativa de dichas cualidades. Son comentados otros elementos que intervienen en las diferencias individuales, como son los estilos de toma de decisión y el nivel de desarrollo moral. Se hace énfasis en la dimensión ética de las decisiones médicas.

  14. Ansiedad y satisfacción con el cuidado y toma de decisiones de la familia en las unidades de cuidados intensivos: la enfermera referente en la gestión de casos de atención familiar al paciente crítico.

    OpenAIRE

    Larrazkueta Martínez De Antoñana, Garazi

    2014-01-01

    Nivel de ansiedad estado o del momento actual, situacional. Nivel de ansiedad rasgo o ansiedad general de la personalidad de uno mismo. Satisfacción general y específica relacionada con los cuidados al paciente y la toma de decisiones de los familiares principales o cercanos de los pacientes críticos ingresados en la UCI.

  15. La argumentación abstracta en Inteligencia Artificial: problemas de interpretación y adecuación de las semánticas para la toma de decisiones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Adrián Bodanza

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available El modelo de marcos argumentativos abstractos es actualmente la herramienta más utilizada para caracterizar la justificación de argumentos derrotables en Inteligencia Artificial. Las justificciones se determinan en base a los ataques entre argumentos y se formalizan a través de semánticas de extensiones. Aquí sostenemos que, o bien algunos marcos argumentativos carecen de sentido bajo ciertas concepciones de ataque específicas, o bien las semánticas más usadas en la literatura, basadas en el concepto de defensa conocido como admisibilidad, no resultan adecuadas para justificar, en particular, argumentos para la toma de decisiones.

  16. Toma de decisiones y situación financiera en pequeños sistemas de agua potable: dos casos de estudio en El Cardonal, Hidalgo, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emmanuel Galindo Escamilla

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se presentan dos tipos de organizaciones que administran pequeños sistemas de agua potable: un comité de usuarios y un organismo operador. El objetivo es comparar la toma de decisiones y la situación financiera de los sistemas San Miguel Tlazintla y El Cardonal. El primero está a cargo de los usuarios, quienes realizan la operación y el mantenimiento, eligen un comité para la administración y establecen las cuotas que se cobran por el agua entubada. En el segundo, una junta de gobierno y un director general se encargan de contratar y dirigir al personal operativo y administrativo. Se concluye que el comité de usuarios cubre todos sus costos; por el contrario, el organismo operador recibe subsidios municipales.

  17. FUNDAMENTOS TEÓRICOS Y APLICACIÓN PRÁCTICA DE LA TOMA DE DECISIONES EN EL DEPORTE [Theoretical principles and practical applications of decision-taking in sport

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan de Dios Benítez Sillero

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available ResumenAfirmaciones como "jugar bien en los deportes de equipo, consiste en elegir la opción de juego más adecuada en cada momento y ser capaz de llevarla a cabo de forma eficiente y consciente durante todo el partido", "la peculiaridad de los juegos deportivos es el proceso de toma de decisión que precede a la ejecución en el juego" hace que en algunos deportes el proceso de toma de decisiones sea una herramienta básica en su tratamiento para optimizar el rendimiento de los deportistas. A través de este artículo pretendo analizar cuestiones relacionadas con este tema como "¿qué variables intervienen en el proceso de decisión en el deporte?", "¿cómo puedo entrenar el proceso decisional de mis deportistas?", que tantas veces nos hacemos los que trabajamos en el ámbito deportivo. AbstractStatements such as "Playing well at team sports is choosing the best option in every situation and be able to carry it out in the most efficient and conscious way along the game", "the peculiarity of sport games is the decision making process before the execution of the game", makes the decision making process a basic tool at optimizing the athlete's performance. In this article, I will try to analyze questions related to this topic: "What are the variables that interfere on the decision making process at sports?" or "How can I train my athletes in the process?". Questions that we have asked ourselves so many times. 

  18. Authorization basis requirements comparison report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brantley, W.M.

    1997-08-18

    The TWRS Authorization Basis (AB) consists of a set of documents identified by TWRS management with the concurrence of DOE-RL. Upon implementation of the TWRS Basis for Interim Operation (BIO) and Technical Safety Requirements (TSRs), the AB list will be revised to include the BIO and TSRs. Some documents that currently form part of the AB will be removed from the list. This SD identifies each - requirement from those documents, and recommends a disposition for each to ensure that necessary requirements are retained when the AB is revised to incorporate the BIO and TSRs. This SD also identifies documents that will remain part of the AB after the BIO and TSRs are implemented. This document does not change the AB, but provides guidance for the preparation of change documentation.

  19. Examining Authors, Discourse and Characters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anca MANEA

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The contemporary debate on the Canon and on how writers, texts and readers are influenced by its alleged centrality and exclusiveness is enlarged with a discussion on intertextuality as processed at the level of three novels: Wide Sargasso Sea by Jean Rhys, The Golden Notebook by Doris Lessing and Possession by Antonia Susan Byatt. By studying the intertextual references within and outside these novels, the present paper aims at revealing the perspectives their authors share (or not regarding canonical writings, concepts or techniques. The focus is placed on a comparative and contrastive analysis of the corpus in question with regard to Bakhtin’s introductory terminology on intertextuality, which at some points overlaps the views of other critics on the same matter.

  20. Authorization basis requirements comparison report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The TWRS Authorization Basis (AB) consists of a set of documents identified by TWRS management with the concurrence of DOE-RL. Upon implementation of the TWRS Basis for Interim Operation (BIO) and Technical Safety Requirements (TSRs), the AB list will be revised to include the BIO and TSRs. Some documents that currently form part of the AB will be removed from the list. This SD identifies each - requirement from those documents, and recommends a disposition for each to ensure that necessary requirements are retained when the AB is revised to incorporate the BIO and TSRs. This SD also identifies documents that will remain part of the AB after the BIO and TSRs are implemented. This document does not change the AB, but provides guidance for the preparation of change documentation

  1. Power and Authority in Adult Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alsobaie, Mohammed Fahad

    2015-01-01

    This paper covers power and authority in adult education, focusing on the modern definitions of power and authority in the educational context, then moving into past precedents of the use of power and authority of classrooms. Finally, the optimal types of power and authority to apply to adult education are examined. Power defines a relationship…

  2. 10 CFR 60.31 - Construction authorization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... authorize construction if it determines: (a) Safety. That there is reasonable assurance that the types and... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Construction authorization. 60.31 Section 60.31 Energy... REPOSITORIES Licenses Construction Authorization § 60.31 Construction authorization. Upon review...

  3. Open Access Publishing: What Authors Want

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nariani, Rajiv; Fernandez, Leila

    2012-01-01

    Campus-based open access author funds are being considered by many academic libraries as a way to support authors publishing in open access journals. Article processing fees for open access have been introduced recently by publishers and have not yet been widely accepted by authors. Few studies have surveyed authors on their reasons for publishing…

  4. Open Access Publishing: What Authors Want

    OpenAIRE

    Nariani, R.; Fernandez, L.

    2012-01-01

    Campus-based open access author funds are being considered by many academic libraries as a way to support authors publishing in open access journals. Article processing fees for open access have been introduced recently by publishers and have not yet been widely accepted by authors. Few studies have surveyed authors on their reasons for publishing open access and their perceptions of open access journals. The present study was designed to gauge the uptake of library support for author funding...

  5. Author Index, From > 1988-1992

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In 1988-1992, 824 papers were published in >. The papers were contributed by 1497 authors. The author index of the papers is annexed. The author index is divided into contained two parts: the first part is chinese author index, and the second part is foreign author index. The former is arranged according to the chinese phonetic alphabet. The latter is arranged according to the English alphabet

  6. Madagascar : Back to the Future on the Road to Sustained and Balanced Growth, Country Economic Memorandum, Volume 2, Annexes

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2008-01-01

    The objective of this study is to accompany Malagasy authorities in their transition towards economic emergence. If the contribution of foreign capital and the abundance of natural resources should help the Malagasy economy escape from the poverty trap by increasing its domestic savings and investment capacities, as well as its technological capacities. International experience reminds us ...

  7. Madagascar : Back to the Future on the Road to Sustained and Balanced Growth, Country Economic Memorandum, Volume 1, Main Report

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2008-01-01

    The objective of this study is to accompany Malagasy authorities in their transition towards economic emergence. If the contribution of foreign capital and the abundance of natural resources should help the Malagasy economy escape from the poverty trap by increasing its domestic savings and investment capacities, as well as its technological capacities. International experience reminds us ...

  8. La representación social que orienta las decisiones paternas al afrontar el consumo de drogas de sus hijos The social representation guiding parental decisions to face drug consumption of their teenage children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bertha Lidia Nuño-Gutiérrez

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Identificar la representación social que orientó la toma de decisiones en padres de adolescentes usuarios de drogas para afrontar el consumo de sus hijos. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Por selección aleatoria sistemática se realizó un estudio cualitativo mediante listados libres, cuestionarios de caracterización y entrevistas profundas a 60 padres de usuarios que acudían a tratamiento a Centros de Integración Juvenil en Guadalajara, Jalisco, México, durante 2002. El análisis fue mediante correlaciones y análisis interpretativo. RESULTADOS: Se identificaron tres etapas: 1 descubriendo la adicción, caracterizada por decepción de los padres; 2 permanencia: la más prolongada en tiempo, inversión de recursos y pérdidas, y 3 retirada: caracterizada por debut en servicios de salud. CONCLUSIONES: La representación que orientó las diferentes decisiones fue la oferta de un mundo mejor, la cual emergió del contexto social, cultural y familiar que gira alrededor del consumo, y fue mantenida por dos creencias: "aprendiendo de los errores" y "querer es poder".OBJECTIVE:. To identify the social representation guiding decisions of parents of teenage drug users to face consumption of their children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A qualitative study using free lists, characterization questionnaires, and in-depth interviews was performed among 60 systematically selected parents of young drug users who were receiving treatment in Centros de Integración Juvenil. Data analysis included correlations and interpretive analysis. RESULTS: Three stages were identified: 1 discovery of the addiction, characterized by parental disappointment; 2 permanence: The highest in duration, resource investment, and losses; and 3 withdrawal: Featured by seeking health services. CONCLUSIONS: The representation that guided parental decisions was "the offer of a better world", which stemmed from the social, cultural, and family context that revolves around consumption and that

  9. Multiobjective planning for the irrigation districts of Mexico. Execution of a decision support system; Planeacion multiobjetivo en los distritos de riego de Mexico. Aplicacion de un sistema de auxilio para la toma de decisiones

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sanchez-Cohen, Ignacio; Macias-Rodriguez, Hilario; Gonzalez-Cervantes, Guillermo; Mendoza-Moreno, Segundo F.; Inzunza, Marco A.; Estrada-Avalos, Juan [Centro Nacional de Investigacion Disciplinaria en Relaciones Agua-Suelo-Planta-Atmosfera INIFAP (Mexico); Heilman, Phil [Departamento de Agricultura de los Estados Unidos de Norteamerica (United States)

    2006-07-15

    The problem of agreement among interests in the management of natural resources is complex with interactions difficult to measure. Watershed users have several objectives that impact in the short run the environment. Multi objective decision theory considers interest, options and impacts of possible actions. Considering that the Irrigation Districts (ID) are the lower end of the gradient that defines a watershed, the ID 017 was used as study case for use of the Decision Support System called Facilitator which is a software tool to support decision making processes with the use of decision alternatives, order of hierarchy, score functions and linear programming for identifying best decision alternatives for the management of a given problem. For the Irrigation District 017, it has been concluded that to help solve the overall problem of irrigation water productivity, first water needs to be priced, to train water users and delivering water by volume. Out of the eight alternatives analyzed, all did score better than the actual management. [Spanish] El problema de conciliar los intereses en el manejo de recursos naturales es complejo y con interacciones dificiles de cuantificar. Los usuarios de las cuencas hidrologicas manifiestan multiples objetivos con el consecuente impacto en el corto plazo. La teoria de decision multi-objetivo viene a solventar parcialmente la situacion, al considerar todos los intereses, opciones e impactos de posibles acciones. Considerando que los distritos de riego (DR) constituyen la parte baja del gradiente hidrologico que definen las cuencas, se planteo como estudio de caso al DR 017 de la Comarca Lagunera para la aplicacion del Sistema de Ayuda para Toma de Decisiones (DSS), el cual es un software que apoya la toma de decisiones individuales o grupales con la utilizacion de alternativas de decision, una jerarquizacion de los rangos de los criterios de decision, funciones de escore y programacion lineal para identificar las mejores

  10. Worship of Authority and Human Nature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WangRuisheng

    2005-01-01

    Authority is a cultural phenomenon that by its nature implies social relations between individuals. At the heart of authority is power-holders' maximization of their own interests by virtue of their ruling positions. In ancient society based on the small-scale peasant economy, the concept of authority worship was unavoidable. It is rooted in the premise that man is by nature evil and hence needs the awe-inspiring powers of authority. A highly developed cult of authority exerts enormous influence on and seriously distorts human nature. But the authority cult was not the only ideology in feudal society;

  11. Need for public participation in decision-making on energy; Necesidad de la participacion publica en la toma de decisiones en materia energetica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Norte Gomez, M. D.

    2014-07-01

    This paper outlines the need to expand and improve public participation in decision-making on energy. In an advanced society like ours you can not continue using the same tools they used a century ago. Provide and transmit by the scientific community to society, information science and technology in an appropriate language that comes to them, giving them opportunities and enabling them to participate objectively in this decision making. There must be a legitimate, honest, sincere and plural debate where the participation of all the actors involved and from all strata of society. (Author)

  12. 46 CFR Sec. 2 - General Agents' authority.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... RESPONSIBILITY OF GENERAL AGENTS TO UNDERTAKE EMERGENCY REPAIRS IN FOREIGN PORTS Sec. 2 General Agents' authority. The General Agents are hereby delegated authority to undertake for the account of the...

  13. Association between competing interests and authors' conclusions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjaergard, Lise L; Als-Nielsen, Bodil

    2002-01-01

    To assess the association between competing interests and authors' conclusions in randomised clinical trials.......To assess the association between competing interests and authors' conclusions in randomised clinical trials....

  14. Uncovering Plagiarism - Author Profiling at PAN

    OpenAIRE

    Rosso, Paolo; RANGEL PARDO, FRANCISCO MANUEL

    2014-01-01

    PAN is a yearly workshop and evaluation lab on uncovering plagiarism, authorship, and social software misuse. Since 2009, PAN has been organizing benchmark activities on uncovering plagiarism, authorship, and social software misuse . An additional task - author profiling - has also recently been proposed. Author profiling, instead of focusing on individual authors, studies how language is shared by a class of people. Author profiling is a problem of growing importance in applications in foren...

  15. Accidentes, decisiones y sorpresas: Un relato acerca de cómo es posible abordar las transformaciones de urbanizaciones populares en el Área Metropolitana de Buenos Aires

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Mercedes Di Virgilio

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este artículo es presentar la trastienda de una investigación que se propuso describir y comprender cómo se han transformado las urbanizaciones de origen informal, sus viviendas y sus habitantes, en el Área Metropolitana de Buenos Aires. Esta investigación se inserta en el marco de un estudio multicéntrico, del que forman parte diferentes ciudades de América Latina, bajo el proyecto: “The rehabilitation of consolidated irregular settlements in Latin American Cities: Towards a ‘third generation’ of public policy analysis and development”, desarrollado por la Latin American Housing Network, Universidad de Texas (Austin. Aquí presentamos la estrategia metodológica adoptada, las técnicas y los pasos definidos para abordar nuestro objeto de estudio a nivel local y su articulación con un proyecto de carácter colectivo que involucra no sólo investigadores de distintas ciudades sino también de diferentes disciplinas. Nuestro propósito es mostrar la realidad de este proceso investigativo, con sus accidentes e imprevistos y las decisiones adoptadas para superarlos

  16. LA COMUNICACIÓN DURANTE LA INTERVENCIÓN DIDÁCTICA DEL ENTRENADOR. CONSIDERACIONES PARA EL DESARROLLO DEL CONOCIMIENTO TÁCTICO Y LA MEJORA EN LA TOMA DE DECISIONES EN BALONCESTO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Damián Iglesias

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available El rendimiento deportivo en baloncesto depende de múltiples factores, de diferente naturaleza: motriz, física, psicológica. Tras muchos años en los que la principal preocupación de los técnicos fue el desarrollo de las destrezas motoras, la producción científica reciente ha demostrado la importancia de los procesos cognitivos en la toma de decisiones, la necesidad de fomentar estrategias orientadas a proporcionar autonomía al jugador o la influencia decisiva de las emociones en la elección adecuada de las respuestas. Bajo este prisma se ha producido un cambio sustancial en el proceso de entrenamiento que contempla los procesos cognitivos asociados a las habilidades perceptivas y tácticas como un factor fundamental vinculado al rendimiento. En el presente artículo se aborda el rol que debe desempeñar el entrenador durante su intervención didáctica, con un especial interés en los procesos de comunicación, como medio para conducir al deportista en la construcción del conocimiento, el descubrimiento de las soluciones a los problemas de juego y, por tanto, el desarrollo de los mecanismos cognitivos necesarios para ello.

  17. 11 CFR 9032.1 - Authorized committee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... MATCHING FUND DEFINITIONS § 9032.1 Authorized committee. (a) Notwithstanding the definition at 11 CFR 100.5, authorized committee means with respect to candidates (as defined at 11 CFR 9032.2) seeking the nomination of... CFR 102.12, any political committee authorized in writing by the candidate in accordance with 11...

  18. 50 CFR 34.8 - Appropriations authorized.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Appropriations authorized. 34.8 Section 34... (CONTINUED) THE NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE SYSTEM REFUGE REVENUE SHARING WITH COUNTIES § 34.8 Appropriations authorized. The Act authorizes appropriations to the fund for any fiscal year when the aggregate amount...

  19. 7 CFR 1610.3 - Loan authorizations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 11 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Loan authorizations. 1610.3 Section 1610.3 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL TELEPHONE BANK, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LOAN POLICIES § 1610.3 Loan authorizations. The aggregate amount of loans made will not exceed the amount authorized by the Board of...

  20. 38 CFR 18b.2 - Reviewing authority.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Reviewing authority. 18b.2 Section 18b.2 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS (CONTINUED... Rules § 18b.2 Reviewing authority. The term reviewing authority means the Secretary of Veterans...

  1. Perceived Parental Authority: Reasonable and Unreasonable.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, Irving D.; Howard, Kenneth I.

    1981-01-01

    This questionnaire study investigated personality phenomena in adolescents who described their parents along two dimensions: exercise of family authority and reasonableness. The main area of analysis concerned the extent to which male and female adolescents react differently to reasonable or unreasonable paternal and maternal authority. (Author/GK)

  2. River crossings: decision making scheme for the execution of protection work; Cruces de rios: esquema de toma de decisiones para la ejecucion de obras de proteccion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silva, Fernando C.; Carnicero, Martin [TGN - Transportadora de Gas del Norte S.A. (Argentina)

    2003-07-01

    TGN operates a natural gas transportation network of 7.700 kilometers of length that comprises most of Argentina and part of Chile, intercepting a considerable amount of rivers that travel in different geographic environments. In order to protect the integrity at river crossings, the Company implemented a program that includes monitoring, maintenance, assessment, characterization, design and construction of erosion control works in rivers. This document is focused in the method of assessment and characterization of problems related to river crossings and in its technical background. The final objective is to define a decision making scheme, useful to select the scope of work needed to assure pipeline protection and to obtain maximum benefits from the associated investments. (author)

  3. Nuclear forensic field exercise no.1: work performed in support of CRTI project 04-0030TD. Technical memorandum

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    DRDC Ottawa is leading a project designed in part to develop protocols for forensic investigators working in a radiologically contaminated environment. As such, a radiological field exercise was held to review current forensic investigator methods and identify problem areas with respect to the collection of evidence from a contaminated crime scene. The Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission (CNSC), DRDC Ottawa, Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) and the Ottawa Police Service (OPS) CBRN Forensic Investigation Specialists participated in the exercise. This document provides a description of the scenario and the responder actions during the exercise, and gives lessons learned and recommendations that will feed directly into the forensic investigator protocols. (author)

  4. Utilidad y Requerimientos de la Información Contable Pública Local para la toma de Decisiones de las Entidades de Depósito

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Manuel López Hernández

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available In spite of the fact that financial reporting information has been aimed mainly at internal users and audit offices, this has changed in recent years. There are now many authors and organisations that widen the range of potential users, among which we should mention financial institutions, due to their particular importance. In that context, this paper aims to obtain evidence on the information that is shown to be useful to these users in their decision-making, by looking at the financial reports that local organisations have to draw up, as well as analysing to what extent certain financial statements, to be included in the current accounting system following its adaptation to the General Public Accounting Plan (PGCP, can also be of use to the aforementioned users. Finally, this paper studies whether other criteria need to be added, or whether the information is not exhaustive enough when making decisions In order to achieve our goals, we have interviewed credit institution risk analysts and their answers lead to the conclusion that, if their needs are to be taken into account, the compulsory accounting information provided by local bodies needs to be modified or should be more exhaustive.

  5. Developing Adaptive Elearning: An Authoring Tool Design

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Said Talhi

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Adaptive hypermedia is the answer to the lost in hyperspace syndrome, where the user has normally too many links to choose from, and little knowledge about how to proceed and select the most appropriate ones to him/her. Adaptive hypermedia thus offers a selection of links or content most appropriate to the user. Until very recently, little attention has been given to the complex task of authoring materials for Adaptive Educational Hypermedia. An author faces a multitude of problems when creating a personalized, rich learning experience for each user. The purpose of this paper is to present an authoring tool for adaptive hypermedia based courses. Designed to satisfy guidelines of accessibility of the W3C recommendation for authors and learners that present disabilities, the authoring tool allows several authors geographically dispersed to produce such courses together. It consists of a shared workspace gathering all tools necessary to the cooperative development task.

  6. The allocation of authority under limited liability

    OpenAIRE

    Puschke, Kerstin

    2005-01-01

    Authority is modelled as the right to undertake a non-contractible decision in a joint project. We show that the allocation of authority depends on bargaining power and differences in both parties cost functions. The decision-maker is assumed to exert an externality on the other parties. Overall surplus is shared according to generalized Nash bargaining. Under limited liability, the agent with the larger cost parameter receives authority if the agents' cost parameters are very different. If t...

  7. Using Authority Data in VuFind

    OpenAIRE

    Demian Katz; Ralph LeVan; Ya’aqov Ziso

    2011-01-01

    The use of keyword-oriented next-generation catalogs in libraries has diminished the perceived value of the structured authority data that played a more crucial role in earlier OPACs. However, authority data can still be combined with modern discovery in useful ways. This article examines several ways in which the open source VuFind environment provides information to its users, showing how these mechanisms can be combined with authority data to enhance discovery. Topics covered include autos...

  8. WRITTEN TEXT AUTHOR'S CHARACTERISTICS ASCERTAINMENT (PROFILING)

    OpenAIRE

    Litvinova, Tat'yana

    2012-01-01

    Nowadays it is considered to be proved that a text reflects its author's personality, the author of the article states that one of the effective ways of personal peculiarities revelation is the analysis of deixis units, especially personal pronouns, prepositions and conjunctions, and suggests applying the techniques of a text author's personality peculiarities ascertainment by deixis units analysis to the Russian language and considering the possibility of deixis analysis as the means of a wr...

  9. Authority sharing in human-robot systems

    OpenAIRE

    Mercier, Stéphane; Tessier, Catherine; Dehais, Frédéric

    2010-01-01

    In the context of missions accomplished jointly by an artifi cal agent and a human agent, we focus on a controller of the authority dynamics based on a dependence graph of resources that can be controlled by both agents. The controller is designed to adapt the behaviours of the artifi cial agent or of the human agent in case of an authority conflict occurring on these resources. The relative authority of two agents regarding the control of a resource is de fined so as the authority conflict, ...

  10. Authority management in human-robot systems.

    OpenAIRE

    Mercier, Stéphane; Tessier, Catherine; Dehais, Frédéric

    2010-01-01

    In the context of missions accomplished jointly by an artifi cal agent and a human agent, we focus on a controller of the authority dynamics based on a dependence graph of resources that can be controlled by both agents. The controller is designed to adapt the behaviours of the artifi cial agent or of the human agent in case of an authority conflict occurring on these resources. The relative authority of two agents regarding the control of a resource is defi ned so as the authority conflict, ...

  11. Using Authority Data in VuFind

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Demian Katz

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available The use of keyword-oriented next-generation catalogs in libraries has diminished the perceived value of the structured authority data that played a more crucial role in earlier OPACs. However, authority data can still be combined with modern discovery in useful ways. This article examines several ways in which the open source VuFind environment provides information to its users, showing how these mechanisms can be combined with authority data to enhance discovery. Topics covered include autosuggestion, context-sensitive recommendations, use of APIs, and means of harvesting and locally indexing authority data.

  12. Information Technology Procurement Authorization (ITPA) Tracking System

    Data.gov (United States)

    Office of Personnel Management — Information Technology Procurement Authorization (ITPA) Tracking System is used for gathering consistent data from U.S. Office of Personnel Management (OPM) program...

  13. 7 CFR 4280.104 - Exception authority.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LOANS AND GRANTS Renewable Energy Systems and Energy... any authorizing statute or applicable law, if the Administrator determines that application of...

  14. Authority and leadership in Surma society (Ethiopia)

    OpenAIRE

    Abbink, J.

    1997-01-01

    This article examines recent developments of local authority and 'leadership' among the Surma of southern Ethiopia, where the author carried out field research over the years 1990-1995. The intention is to analyse the nature of 'authority' in a non-State social formation, in which 'chiefs' in the proper sense of the word are absent. The author gives an overview of the three different political systems which have succeeded each other in Ethiopia since the late 19th century: Haile Selassie's fe...

  15. Authorization basis for the 209-E Building

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Authorization Basis document is one of three documents that constitute the Authorization Basis for the 209-E Building. Per the U.S. Department of Energy, Richland Operations Office (RL) letter 98-WSD-074, this document, the 209-E Building Preliminary Hazards Analysis (WHC-SD-WM-TI-789), and the 209-E Building Safety Evaluation Report (97-WSD-074) constitute the Authorization Basis for the 209-E Building. This Authorization Basis and the associated controls and safety programs will remain in place until safety documentation addressing deactivation of the 209-E Building is developed by the contractor and approved by RL

  16. 3 CFR - Continuation of the Exercise of Certain Authorities Under the Trading With the Enemy Act

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Under the Trading With the Enemy Act Presidential Documents Other Presidential Documents Presidential... Trading With the Enemy Act Memorandum for the Secretary of State the Secretary of the Treasury Under... the Trading With the Enemy Act is scheduled to terminate on September 14, 2009. I hereby...

  17. 40 CFR 272.501 - Florida State-administered program: Final authorization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    .../92 Recycled Used Oil Management Standards (Checklist 112) 57 FR 41566: Amendments to 40 CFR Parts 260... Corrections I (Checklist 122) 58 FR 26420: Amendments to 40 CFR Parts 261, 264, and 265 5/3/93 (5) Memorandum...; Technical Amendments II (Checklist 96) 56 FR 42504 8/27/91 Coke Ovens Administrative Stay (Checklist 98)...

  18. 40 CFR 62.5120 - Identification of plan-delegation of authority.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) that defines policies, responsibilities, and procedures pursuant to 40 CFR 62 subpart JJJ (the “Federal plan”) by which it will be administered by the MDE for existing small MWC units. On May 25, 2005, the MDE Secretary signed the MOA, thus agreeing to its terms and conditions....

  19. El respeto por la autonomía: ¿Cuánta información desean conocer los pacientes para tomar decisiones? Respect for autonomy: How much do patients want to know in order to make decisions?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Quadrelli

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available El consentimiento informado debería ser la expresión de la participación activa de los pacientes en la toma de decisiones como resultado del respeto hacia la autonomía. Sin embargo, existen temores de que la extrapolación directa de una manera de entender la autonomía desde la cultura anglosajona pueda imponer forzadamente un modelo de participación activa de los pacientes. El objetivo del presente estudio fue explorar qué cantidad y calidad de información desean recibir los pacientes que van a ser sometidos a un procedimiento quirúrgico. De los 200 pacientes en preparación para una intervención quirúrgica, más del 80% prefirieron saber todas las posibles alternativas existentes al tratamiento ofrecido y que les fueran explicadas todas las ventajas y desventajas de cada alternativa. Menos del 20% de los pacientes consideró que, conociendo los riesgos y beneficios, la persona que debería decidir cuáles riesgos son aceptables, es el mismo paciente. El 71.5% de los pacientes prefirió que el médico le comunicara la decisión a él y a su familia para que tomaran juntos la decisión. Un 17.5% de los pacientes expresaron que preferían no saber si podían morir durante la cirugía. Esos pacientes tuvieron una mayor edad pero en un análisis multivariado no fue posible predecir quiénes preferían saber si podían morir durante la cirugía. Nuestros hallazgos sugieren la necesidad de informar extensamente a los pacientes antes de un procedimiento quirúrgico, de identificar los sujetos que no querrán conocer su riesgo de morir y de incluir al paciente y su familia en la toma de decisiones.Informed consent should be the expression of active participation of patients in the decision-making process. It is an application of the ethical principle of respect for patient autonomy. However, there are some concerns about the direct extrapolation of the Anglo-saxon concept of autonomy into other societies which could impose an unwanted level

  20. Distribution electric system simulator to support decision-making for CFE (Federal Electric Commission) Distribution Control Centers; Simulador del Sistema Electrico de Distribucion para apoyo en la toma de decisiones en Centros de Control de Distribucion de la CFE

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Espinosa Reza, Alfredo; Quintero Reyes, Agustin; Garcia Mendoza, Raul; Calleros Torres, Tito Manuel [Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, Cuernavaca, Morelos (Mexico); Borjas Diaz, Jesus Fidel; Sierra Rodriguez, Benjamin; Torres Abrego, Rafael [Comision Federal de Electricidad (Mexico)

    2011-07-01

    This article presents the physical, logical and functional architecture designed to integrate the Electric Distribution System (EDS) simulator developed for the CFE and the electric energy Distribution Control Centers in Mexico. The objective of the EDS simulator is to integrate engineering distribution functions (power flow, short circuit, optimal reconfiguration and reliability, among others) and an expert system (Case-based Reasoning) to aid the process of information analysis, decision-making and the capacity-building of the CFE's Regional and Zonal Distribution Control Centers. The EDS simulator has been installed, updated and is operational in the Tampico Zone and the Gulf Division Distribution Center, as an established product that continually evolves along with the actual operating dynamics. [Spanish] Se presenta la arquitectura fisica, logica y funcional disenada para integrar el simulador del Sistema Electrico de Distribucion (SED) desarrollado para la Comision Federal de Electricidad (CFE) y los Centros de Control de Distribucion de energia electrica en Mexico. El objetivo del simulador del SED es integrar funciones de ingenieria de distribucion (flujo de potencia, corto circuito, reconfiguracion optima, confiabilidad, entre otras) y un sistema experto (Razonamiento Basado en Casos) para apoyar el proceso de analisis de informacion, la toma de decisiones y la capacitacion en los Centros de Control de Distribucion Zonales y Regionales de CFE. El Simulador del SED se encuentra instalado, actualizado y en operacion en la Zona Tampico y en la Division de Distribucion Golfo Centro como un producto consolidado y en constante evolucion a la par de la dinamica operativa real.

  1. Three Rejoinders in Search of an Author

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howley, Craig; Howley, Aimee; Yahn, Jacqueline

    2014-01-01

    The three rejoinders that follow engage ideas in Amy Azano's critique (q.v.) (see ERIC Document: EJ1048750) of the study of dissertations with a dual focus on rural education and curriculum and instruction (C&I). Considering the issues Amy raises about authors and authority, the allusion to Luigi Pirandello's great twentieth century…

  2. 10 CFR 782.3 - Authority.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Authority. 782.3 Section 782.3 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CLAIMS FOR PATENT AND COPYRIGHT INFRINGEMENT General § 782.3 Authority. The General Counsel or the... of patent and copyright infringement pursuant to 42 U.S.C. 2201(g), 2223, 5817(d) and 7261;...

  3. 5 CFR 430.101 - Authority.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Authority. 430.101 Section 430.101 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT Performance Management § 430.101 Authority. Chapter 43 of title 5, United States Code, provides for...

  4. 46 CFR 502.403 - General authority.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Alternative Dispute Resolution § 502.403 General authority. (a) The Commission intends to consider using a dispute resolution proceeding for the resolution of an issue in controversy, if the parties agree to a... fulfilling that requirement. (c) Alternative means of dispute resolution authorized under this subpart...

  5. Voice of Authority: Theorizing Creative Writing Pedagogy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kearns, Rosalie Morales

    2009-01-01

    Creative writing workshops typically feature a gag rule and emphasize purported flaws. This structure limits students' meaningful engagement with each other's work; positions the author as inherently flawed; and positions other participants as authority figures, passing judgment without articulating their aesthetic standards. I propose an…

  6. 45 CFR 50.1 - Authority.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... WAIVER OF THE TWO-YEAR FOREIGN RESIDENCE REQUIREMENT § 50.1 Authority. Under the authority of Mutual... waiver of the two-year foreign residence requirement for Exchange Visitors under the Mutual Educational... part do not relieve alien physicians seeking a waiver of the 2-year foreign residence requirement...

  7. A Curriculum on Obedience to Authority.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bushman, Brad J.

    This document is a curriculum guide on obedience to authority based on the assumption that informed, educated, thoughtful individuals are more likely to make intelligent decisions regarding obedience or disobedience to authority figures' requests than are uninformed individuals. The intent of this curriculum is to expose students to a small number…

  8. Nexus Authorization Logic (NAL): Logical Results

    OpenAIRE

    Hirsch, Andrew K.; Clarkson, Michael R.

    2012-01-01

    Nexus Authorization Logic (NAL) [Schneider et al. 2011] is a logic for reasoning about authorization in distributed systems. A revised version of NAL is given here, including revised syntax, a revised proof theory using localized hypotheses, and a new Kripke semantics. The proof theory is proved sound with respect to the semantics, and that proof is formalized in Coq.

  9. Identity Style, Parental Authority, and Identity Commitment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berzonsky, Michael D.

    2004-01-01

    The role that parental authority patterns and social-cognitive identity styles may play in establishing identity commitments was investigated. The results indicated that family authority and identity style variables combined accounted for 50% of the variation in strength of identity commitment. As hypothesized, the relationship between parental…

  10. Designing the TouchSource Authoring Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robinson, David; Franklin, Mike

    1989-01-01

    Reviews the development process of the TouchSource authoring system, which has been designed for use in developing touchscreen information directories using interactive videodisc. Topics discussed include authoring languages; the compatibility of interactive videodisc systems; hardware considerations; menu creation and design; database functions;…

  11. TUTOR User's Memo Using AUTHOR MODE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avner, R. A.

    While a PLATO station is normally used to present lessons (STUDENT MODE), a station can also be used by a teacher to produce or alter lessons or to control lesson presentation (AUTHOR MODE). This memo describes the manner in which student records and lesson material are stored in the computer memory, prescribes the method of entry to AUTHOR MODE,…

  12. 45 CFR 601.2 - Classification authority.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Classification authority. 601.2 Section 601.2 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION CLASSIFICATION AND DECLASSIFICATION OF NATIONAL SECURITY INFORMATION § 601.2 Classification authority. The Foundation does not have original...

  13. Prescriptive Authority and Psychology: A Status Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fox, Ronald E.; DeLeon, Patrick H.; Newman, Russ; Sammons, Morgan T.; Dunivin, Debra L.; Baker, Deborah C.

    2009-01-01

    The progress of psychology toward the acquisition of prescriptive authority is critically reviewed. Advances made by other nonphysician health care professions toward expanding their scopes of practice to include prescriptive authority are compared with gains made by professional psychology. Societal trends affecting attitudes toward the use of…

  14. Want to Meet Your Favorite Author?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zuger, Sascha

    2008-01-01

    Learning the best planning strategies for a memorable and successful visit from a childrens' author can make the prospect less daunting and guarantee that students get the most from the experience. This article provides tips on how to plan this type of inspirational visit: (1) Choosing the author; (2) Visiting day; (3) Go big or stay small?; (4)…

  15. 40 CFR 52.775 - Legal authority.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Legal authority. 52.775 Section 52.775 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) APPROVAL AND PROMULGATION OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS Indiana § 52.775 Legal authority. (a) The requirements of § 51.232(b)...

  16. 46 CFR 308.400 - Authority.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION EMERGENCY OPERATIONS WAR RISK INSURANCE War Risk Builder's Risk Insurance § 308.400 Authority. The Secretary of Transportation has delegated authority to the Maritime... Marine Act, 1936, as amended. The Maritime Administrator, pursuant to a finding by the Secretary...

  17. 28 CFR 31.2 - Statutory authority.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Statutory authority. The Statute establishing the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention and giving authority to make grants for juvenile justice and delinquency prevention improvement programs is the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974, as amended (42 U.S.C. 5601 et seq.)....

  18. 40 CFR 52.2333 - Legal authority.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Legal authority. 52.2333 Section 52.2333 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) APPROVAL AND PROMULGATION OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS (CONTINUED) Utah § 52.2333 Legal authority. (a)...

  19. When Organization Fails: Why Authority Matters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blaschke, Steffen

    2015-01-01

    Review of: James R. Taylor and Elizabeth J. Van Every / When Organization Fails: Why Authority Matters. (New York: Routledge, 2014. 220 pp. ISBN: 978 0415741668)......Review of: James R. Taylor and Elizabeth J. Van Every / When Organization Fails: Why Authority Matters. (New York: Routledge, 2014. 220 pp. ISBN: 978 0415741668)...

  20. 48 CFR 50.202 - Authorities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... EXTRAORDINARY CONTRACTUAL ACTIONS AND THE SAFETY ACT Support Anti-terrorism by Fostering Effective Technologies Act of 2002 50.202 Authorities. The following authorities apply: (a) Support Anti-terrorism by Fostering Effective Technologies Act of 2002 (SAFETY Act), 6 U.S.C. 441-444. (b) Executive Order 13286...