Sample records for aurothioglucose

  1. Parenteral gold preparations. Efficacy and safety of therapy after switching from aurothioglucose to aurothiomalate

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van Roon, Eric N.; Van De Laar, Mart A.F.J.; Janssen, Matthijs; Kruijsen, Marijn W.M.; Jansen, Tim L.T.A.; Brouwers, Jacobus R.B.J.

    Objective. For reasons of insufficient quality of the raw material, aurothioglucose was withdrawn from the Dutch market at the end of 2001. Aurothiomalate became available as an alternative preparation. We followed a cohort of patients during the first year after switching from aurothioglucose to

  2. Hepatic glutathione and glutathione S-transferase in selenium deficiency and toxicity in the chick

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kim, Y. S.


    First, the hepatic activity of GSH-T CDNB was increased only under conditions of severe oxidative stress produced by combined Se- and vitamin E (VE)-deficiency, indicating that VE also affects GSH metabolism. Second, the incorporation of 35 S-methionine into GSH and protein was about 4- and 2-fold higher, respectively, in Se- and VE-deficient chick hepatocytes as compared to controls. Third, chicks injected with the glutathione peroxidase (SeGSHpx) inhibitor, aurothioglucose (AuTG), showed increase hepatic GSH-T CDNB activity and plasma GSH concentration regardless of their Se status. Fourth, the effect of ascorbic acid (AA), on GSH metabolism was studied. Chicks fed 1000 ppm AA showed decreased hepatic GSH concentration compared to chicks fed no AA in a Se- and VE-deficient diet. Fifth, chicks fed excess Se showed increase hepatic activity of GSH-T CDNB and GSH concentration regardless of VE status

  3. Pemphigus foliaceus in dogs: a review of 37 cases. (United States)

    Ihrke, P J; Stannard, A A; Ardans, A A; Griffin, C E


    Thirty-seven dogs with pemphigus foliaceus were seen over a span of 9 years in a veterinary medical teaching hospital. Four breeds of dogs (Bearded Collie, Akita, Newfoundland, Schipperke) were at significant elevated risk when compared with both the dermatology canine case population and the hospital canine population. The mean age of onset was 4.2 years. The dorsal part of the muzzle was the most common site of initial involvement in over 50% of the dogs, and lesions of the head were seen first in 81% of the dogs. Disease progression was gradual (greater than 3 months) in 73% of the dogs. Somewhat bilaterally symmetric scaling, crusting, and alopecia were seen in all of the dogs. Vesicles, pustules, and bullae were not seen commonly, but target lesions with peripheral collarettes were seen frequently. Most dogs had characteristic footpad lesions, with erythematous swelling at the pad margins, cracking, and villous hypertrophy. Generalized exfoliative dermatitis was seen in dogs with widespread disease. Pruritus was noted in less than one half of the dogs. Typical histopathologic findings included subcorneal and intragranular cell layer epidermal pustules, or intrafollicular pustules with prominent acantholysis. Direct immunofluorescence in an intercellular pattern was noted in 76% of the dogs tested and indirect immunofluorescence was noted in 75% of a much smaller sample. Thirty-nine percent of the dogs responded to corticosteroid therapy alone, and 50% and 55% responded, respectively, to prednisone and cytotoxic drugs, and to prednisone with aurothioglucose. Aurothioglucose was successful alone in 27% of the dogs. One-year survival was achieved in 53% of the dogs.

  4. Radiosynovectomy of the knee joint in chronic arthritis; An easy and useful treatment. Radiosynoviectomie van de knie bij chronische artritis; Een eenvoudige en zinvolle behandeling

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boerbooms, A.M.T.; Putte, L.B.A. van de (Academisch Ziekenhuis St. Radboud, Nijmegen (Nteherlands). Afdeling Reumatologie); Corstens, F.H.M.; Buijs, W.C.A.M. (Academisch Ziekenhuis St. Radboud, Nijmegen (Netherlands). Afdeling Nucleaire Geneeskunde); Bruyn, G.A.W. (Medisch Centrum, Leeuwarden (Netherlands). Afdeling Reumatologie)


    185 MBq (5 mCi) colloidal 198-aurothioglucose ({sup 198}Au) or colloidal yttrium-90-silicate ({sup 90}Y) in 10 ml 0.9% NaCl was injected into knee joint cavity after aspiration of joint fluid. After that the patient stayed in bed for 3 days. Clinical examination, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, {sup 99m}Tc-pertechnetate uptake measurements and radiographs of the knee joints were performed at baseline and during follow-up. Main results, group 1. evaluation after 6 months and after 3 years showed significantly better results in the group of knee joints with no minimal pre-existing radiological abnormalities compared with the group of knee joints with moderate or severe radiological abnormalities (p<0.05). Group 2. 24 months (mean) after treatment with {sup 90}Y, 50% of the treated knees showed clinical improvement of the synovitis. Group 3. a significant reduction of haemarthrotic episodes of all 6 joints treated and a reduction of pain in 4 during a follow-up of 2.5 years.It is concluded that radiosynovectomy is a valuable and simple form of treatment for therapy-resistant chronic synovitis. (author). 20 refs.; 3 tabs.