Van Roon, Eric N.; Van De Laar, Mart A.F.J.; Janssen, Matthijs; Kruijsen, Marijn W.M.; Jansen, Tim L.T.A.; Brouwers, Jacobus R.B.J.
Objective. For reasons of insufficient quality of the raw material, aurothioglucose was withdrawn from the Dutch market at the end of 2001. Aurothiomalate became available as an alternative preparation. We followed a cohort of patients during the first year after switching from aurothioglucose to
Hong, Tae-Joon; Park, Kwanghyun; Choi, Eun-Wook; Hahn, Ji-Sook
Protein phosphatase 5 (PP5) is a serine/threonine phosphatase that belongs to the PPP family phosphatases. PP5 and the other phosphatases of the PPP family share significantly similar catalytic domain structure. Due to this structural similarity, natural competitive inhibitors such as okadaic acid and cantharidin exhibit broad specificity over the PPP family phosphatases. In this study, we report the identification of three PP5 inhibitors, Ro 90-7501, aurothioglucose, and N-oleoyldopamine, along with a novel inhibitory mechanism of Ro 90-7501. Unlike other inhibitors binding to the phosphatase domain, Ro 90-7501 inhibited PP5 in a TPR-dependent manner. This TPR-dependent PP5 inhibition shown by Ro 90-7501 is a unique and novel inhibitory mechanism, which might be a useful tool for studies of PP5 on both regulatory mechanism and drug discovery. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Ihrke, P J; Stannard, A A; Ardans, A A; Griffin, C E
Thirty-seven dogs with pemphigus foliaceus were seen over a span of 9 years in a veterinary medical teaching hospital. Four breeds of dogs (Bearded Collie, Akita, Newfoundland, Schipperke) were at significant elevated risk when compared with both the dermatology canine case population and the hospital canine population. The mean age of onset was 4.2 years. The dorsal part of the muzzle was the most common site of initial involvement in over 50% of the dogs, and lesions of the head were seen first in 81% of the dogs. Disease progression was gradual (greater than 3 months) in 73% of the dogs. Somewhat bilaterally symmetric scaling, crusting, and alopecia were seen in all of the dogs. Vesicles, pustules, and bullae were not seen commonly, but target lesions with peripheral collarettes were seen frequently. Most dogs had characteristic footpad lesions, with erythematous swelling at the pad margins, cracking, and villous hypertrophy. Generalized exfoliative dermatitis was seen in dogs with widespread disease. Pruritus was noted in less than one half of the dogs. Typical histopathologic findings included subcorneal and intragranular cell layer epidermal pustules, or intrafollicular pustules with prominent acantholysis. Direct immunofluorescence in an intercellular pattern was noted in 76% of the dogs tested and indirect immunofluorescence was noted in 75% of a much smaller sample. Thirty-nine percent of the dogs responded to corticosteroid therapy alone, and 50% and 55% responded, respectively, to prednisone and cytotoxic drugs, and to prednisone with aurothioglucose. Aurothioglucose was successful alone in 27% of the dogs. One-year survival was achieved in 53% of the dogs.