WorldWideScience

Sample records for aura retracting particle-like

  1. Retraction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-11-01

    This article has been retracted at the request of: Editor-in-Chief and Author 'TW-37, a small-molecule inhibitor of Bcl-2, inhibits cell growth and invasion in pancreatic cancer' by Wang, Z., Song, W., Aboukameel, A., Mohammad, M., Wang, G., Banerjee, S., Kong, D., Wang, S., Sarkar, F. H. and Mohammad, R. M. The above article, published online on 4 June 2008, in Wiley Online Library (wileyonlinelibrary.com), has been retracted by agreement between the authors, the journal Editor-in-Chief, Professor Peter Lichter, and Wiley Periodicals, Inc. A university investigation involving the first and the second-to-last author determined that several figures from another published paper were manipulated or duplicated and re-used in this paper. Therefore, the authors are retracting the paper in its entirety although they maintain that these issues did not affect the major conclusions. They apologize for any inconvenience this may have caused. Reference Wang, Z., Song, W., Aboukameel, A., Mohammad, M., Wang, G., Banerjee, S., Kong, D., Wang, S., Sarkar, F. H. and Mohammad, R. M. (2008), TW-37, a small-molecule inhibitor of Bcl-2, inhibits cell growth and invasion in pancreatic cancer. Int. J. Cancer, 123: 958-966. doi: 10.1002/ijc.23610. PMID:27534921

  2. Migraine aura

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Charles, Andrew; Hansen, Jakob Møller

    2015-01-01

    PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The migraine aura is a dramatic spontaneous change in brain activity resulting in a variety of transient neurological symptoms. The purpose of this review is to address recent advances in the understanding of aura and its role in migraine. RECENT FINDINGS: The formal...... classification of migraine aura is becoming both broader and more detailed. Traditionally viewed as a primary event that triggers a migraine attack, studies regarding the timing of aura relative to other symptoms of migraine indicate that it may not in fact play a primary role in initiating an attack. Careful...... recording and analysis of visual aura symptoms provides new insight into the initiation and propagation of the underlying brain phenomenon, and the different regions of visual cortex that produce different visual perceptions. Migraine with aura may have different responses to acute and preventive therapies...

  3. AURA 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dassi, Erik; Re, Angela; Leo, Sara; Tebaldi, Toma; Pasini, Luigi; Peroni, Daniele; Quattrone, Alessandro

    2014-01-01

    Post-transcriptional regulation (PTR) of gene expression is now recognized as a major determinant of cell phenotypes. The recent availability of methods to map protein-RNA interactions in entire transcriptomes such as RIP, CLIP and their variants, together with global polysomal and ribosome profiling techniques, are driving the exponential accumulation of vast amounts of data on mRNA contacts in cells, and of corresponding predictions of PTR events. However, this exceptional quantity of information cannot be exploited at its best to reconstruct potential PTR networks, as it still lies scattered throughout several databases and in isolated reports of single interactions. To address this issue, we developed the second and vastly enhanced version of the Atlas of UTR Regulatory Activity (AURA 2), a meta-database centered on mapping interaction of trans-factors with human and mouse UTRs. AURA 2 includes experimentally demonstrated binding sites for RBPs, ncRNAs, thousands of cis-elements, variations, RNA epigenetics data and more. Its user-friendly interface offers various data-mining features including co-regulation search, network generation and regulatory enrichment testing. Gene expression profiles for many tissues and cell lines can be also combined with these analyses to display only the interactions possible in the system under study. AURA 2 aims at becoming a valuable toolbox for PTR studies and at tracing the road for how PTR network-building tools should be designed. AURA 2 is available at http://aura.science.unitn.it. PMID:26779400

  4. Retraction Notice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    <正>Retraction:"Which lamp will be optimum to eye?Incandescent,fluorescent or LED etc"by Liang Chen and Xiao-Wei Zhang published on International Journal of Ophthalmology 2014;7(1):163-168.Authors of the above article failed to declare conflicts of interest,which violates the research ethics and moral norms.After a thorough investigation,we regret to announce that we must retract this article.We regret any adverse effects this article may have caused.

  5. Cluster headache with aura

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez-Fernández, Eva; Alberca, Roman; Mir, Pablo; Franco, Emilio; Montes, Enrique; Lozano, Pilar

    2002-01-01

    The objective of our study is to report the frequency and characteristics of cluster headache with aura among the population of patients with cluster headache treated in our outpatient neurology clinic. 254 patients were submitted to semi-structured interviews to identify the presence of symptoms similar to the migraine aura. 5 patients who suffered from a cluster headache with aura filled a diary with the characteristics of the pain attacks and the aura. All the patients with either episodic...

  6. Retraction notice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-12-01

    The following articles have been retracted at the request of the Editors and the Publisher.After conducting a thorough investigation, SAGE found that the submitting authors of a number of papers published in the Journal of the Renin-Angiotensin Aldosterone System (JRAAS) (listed below) had supplied fabricated contact details for their nominated reviewers. The Editors accepted these papers based on the reports supplied by the individuals using these fake reviewer email accounts. After concluding that the peer review process was therefore seriously compromised, SAGE and the journal Editors have decided to retract all affected articles. ONLINE FIRST ARTICLES THESE ARTICLES WILL NOT BE PUBLISHED IN AN ISSUE: Wenzhuang Tang, Tian-Biao Zhou, and Zongpei Jiang Association of the angiotensinogen M235T gene polymorphism with risk of diabetes mellitus developing into diabetic nephropathy Journal of Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System 1470320314563426, first published on December 18, 2014 doi:10.1177/1470320314563426 Tian-Biao Zhou, Hong-Yan Li, Zong-Pei Jiang, Jia-Fan Zhou, Miao-Fang Huang, and Zhi-Yang Zhou Role of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitors in radiation nephropathy Journal of Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System 1470320314563424, first published on December 18, 2014 doi:10.1177/1470320314563424 Weiqiang Zhong, Zongpei Jiang, and Tian-Biao Zhou Association between the ACE I/D gene polymorphism and T2DN susceptibility: The risk of T2DM developing into T2DN in the Asian population Journal of Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System 1470320314566019, first published on January 26, 2015 doi:10.1177/1470320314566019 Tian-Biao Zhou, Xue-Feng Guo, Zongpei Jiang, and Hong-Yan Li Relationship between the ACE I/D gene polymorphism and T1DN susceptibility/risk of T1DM developing into T1DN in the Caucasian population Journal of Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System 1470320314563425, first published on February 1, 2015 doi:10.1177/1470320314563425 Chun-Hua Yang and Tian

  7. Retractions in orthopaedic research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yan, J.; MacDonald, A.; Baisi, L-P.; Evaniew, N.; Bhandari, M.

    2016-01-01

    Objectives Despite the fact that research fraud and misconduct are under scrutiny in the field of orthopaedic research, little systematic work has been done to uncover and characterise the underlying reasons for academic retractions in this field. The purpose of this study was to determine the rate of retractions and identify the reasons for retracted publications in the orthopaedic literature. Methods Two reviewers independently searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library (1995 to current) using MeSH keyword headings and the ‘retracted’ filter. We also searched an independent website that reports and archives retracted scientific publications (www.retractionwatch.com). Two reviewers independently extracted data including reason for retraction, study type, journal impact factor, and country of origin. Results One hundred and ten retracted studies were included for data extraction. The retracted studies were published in journals with impact factors ranging from 0.000 (discontinued journals) to 13.262. In the 20-year search window, only 25 papers were retracted in the first ten years, with the remaining 85 papers retracted in the most recent decade. The most common reasons for retraction were fraudulent data (29), plagiarism (25) and duplicate publication (20). Retracted articles have been cited up to 165 times (median 6; interquartile range 2 to 19). Conclusion The rate of retractions in the orthopaedic literature is increasing, with the majority of retractions attributed to academic misconduct and fraud. Orthopaedic retractions originate from numerous journals and countries, indicating that misconduct issues are widespread. The results of this study highlight the need to address academic integrity when training the next generation of orthopaedic investigators. Cite this article: J. Yan, A. MacDonald, L-P. Baisi, N. Evaniew, M. Bhandari, M. Ghert. Retractions in orthopaedic research: A systematic review. Bone Joint Res 2016;5:263–268. DOI: 10

  8. Preputial retraction in children

    OpenAIRE

    Agarwal Abhinav; Mohta Anup; Anand Ritesh

    2005-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess preputial retractability in children at various ages. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nine hundred and sixty boys attending the hospital were included in the study. Children with hypospadias or history of preputial manipulation were excluded. Preputial anatomy was studied and subjects were classified into five groups as described by Kayaba et al . RESULTS: The prepuce could not be retracted at all so as to make even the external urethral meatus visib...

  9. [Migraine with visual aura].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bidot, S; Biotti, D

    2016-06-01

    Migraine with visual aura is marked by recurrent episodes of transient visual disturbance, often followed by headaches. Its pathophysiology has not been fully understood, but visual auras might be related to a self-propagating wave of cortical depolarization called "cortical spreading depression", triggering a trigemino-vascular "storm" ultimately leading to headaches. The most specific visual symptom is the "fortification spectrum" consisting of glimmering jagged lines spreading from the center to the periphery, and leaving a transient scotoma in its wake. Other visual symptoms are numerous, ranging from elementary positive or negative visual phenomena to complex and elaborate hallucinations. The diagnosis can be made according to the International Classification of Headache Disorders revised in 2013. The main goal of the treatment is to relieve the patient's pain quickly and to decrease the frequency of the episodes. PMID:27324232

  10. Preputial retraction in children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agarwal Abhinav

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess preputial retractability in children at various ages. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nine hundred and sixty boys attending the hospital were included in the study. Children with hypospadias or history of preputial manipulation were excluded. Preputial anatomy was studied and subjects were classified into five groups as described by Kayaba et al . RESULTS: The prepuce could not be retracted at all so as to make even the external urethral meatus visible in 61.4% children aged 0-6 months while this decreased to only 0.9% in children aged 10-12 years. At the other end of the spectrum, while prepuce could not be fully retracted in any child below 6 months, it could be done in about 60% in the age group of 10-12 years. CONCLUSION Preputial nonseparation is the major cause of preputial nonretraction in the pediatric age group. Prepuce spontaneously separates from the glans as age increases and true phimosis is rare in children. Surgical intervention should be avoided for nonseparation of prepuce.

  11. The Tie retraction syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geerling, Gerd; Neppert, Birte; Hemmant, Bridget

    2012-12-01

    Tissue retraction is implicated in the pathogenesis of various ophthalmic disorders. Here we describe the clinical characteristics, epidemiology and pathophysiology of a form of retraction syndrome which - to the best of our knowledge - has not been reported in the ophthalmic literature so far. We have termed this condition - consisting of a slowly progressive pseudovertical shortening of tie length due to a horizontal extension of girth length - the "Tie retraction syndrome" (TRS). Other pathognomonic features include an increased tie tip to belt buckle distance and a prolapse of the subumbilical fat pad (SUFP). The syndrome has a clear male to female preponderance and shows an increasing incidence with age and income before tax. Based on a newly proposed grading scheme we discuss and illustrate the diagnosis as well as the medical and surgical management options of this abundant, but often undiagnosed condition. The authors have no explanation for the apparent lack of awareness for this widely preponderant syndrome and its severe cosmetically disfiguring potential. We thus would like to invite all fellow colleagues with expertise in the field to comment or present their views. PMID:23088329

  12. Occipital seizures imitating migraine aura.

    OpenAIRE

    Panayiotopoulos, C P; Sharoqi, I A; Agathonikou, A

    1997-01-01

    Three cases are reported in which symptoms of occipital seizures resembled the visual aura of migraine. Careful recording of the characteristics and timing of such visual effects will often resolve the diagnostic dilemma.

  13. NASA 3D Models: Aura

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Aura observes the chemical content of the atmosphere to track the state of the ozone layer and the dispersion of airborne pollution. Polygons: 6 Vertices: 4

  14. Improved description of the migraine aura by a diagnostic aura diary

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Russell, M B; Iversen, Helle Klingenberg; Olesen, J

    1994-01-01

    We present a diagnostic aura diary for prospective recordings of migraine with aura. Three questionnaires are supplemented with sheets for drawings and plottings of visual and sensory auras. Twenty patients recorded 54 attacks of migraine with aura and 2 attacks of migraine aura without headache...... typical of migraine. The visual and sensory auras always preceded typical migraine headache, and headache occurring before aura symptoms was always of the tension type. The migraine headache was milder than in attacks of migraine without aura and often did not have migraine characteristics. In attacks...

  15. Aesthetic aura of meaning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    حسین آقا حسینی

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Denying lexical dogmatism and announcing free presence of lexical items in poetry deluded the minds that the mere presence of any lexical item in a poem rends it aesthetic value! Consequently, an enormous number of words, regardless of their poetical value, rushed into the world of poetry. Of course, no one can deny the fact that any lexical item can freely enter the poetical context of any literary work; however, it must be clarified from the very beginning that this presence would never guarantee the worth and cost of any such word. This aesthetic value could just be extracted from both words and the context surrounding any given word. This, in itself, means that the richness of any given word appeals to the linguistic environment in which it has been used. This environment is both linear and spatial; accordingly, we need a comprehensive model which is adaptable to paradigmatic and syntagmatic axes. This model, therefore, is based on Jacobsen linguistic model, through which we have come to a better understanding of this question, that is, where in the word does the aesthetic value lie? Key words: Lexical dogmatism, paradigmatic axis, syntagmatic axis, lexical items, context, aesthetic aura of meaning

  16. Fingertip aura and interpersonal attraction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murstein, B I; Hadjolian, S E

    1977-06-01

    Concluding from our survey of the literature that fingertip auras (Kirlian effect) might be associated with interpersonal attraction, four hypotheses were advanced to test this assertion. It was hypothesized that individuals would respond with bigger auras to (1) opposite-sex photographers as compared to same-sex photographers, (2) to seductive opposite-sex photographers as opposed to normally behaving opposite-sex photographers, (3) to opposite-sex unknown peers as opposed to same-sex unknown peers, and (4) to liked as opposed to disliked same-sex persons. All hypotheses except (2) were supported. The second hypothesis was significant in a direction contrary to hypothesis. Fingertip auras are seen as a promising measurement device in the study of interpersonal attraction. PMID:16367230

  17. Retractable storage lug

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Inspecting and refueling a nuclear reactor requires the removal and storage of various reactor components until the job is completed. In particular, current practice calls for an indexing fixture to be stored separately from a previously withdrawn plenum assembly. In the present invention the indexing fixture may be stacked directly upon the plenum assembly, thereby resulting in a savings in both floor storage space and downtime. The indexing fixture is equipped with a plurality of rotatable and retractable storage lugs, each equipped with a rotatable and slidable weight-cylinder assembly in coaxial relationship with a pivoted support beam. The weight-cylinder assembly and support beam are connected together by a lockable channel, groove and pin arrangement. Provision is allowed for remote activation of the lug

  18. Notice of retraction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tunali S

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Dear Colleagues,It has recently been brought to my attention that the following case report by Padeyappanavar et al., which was published online in the International Journal of Anatomical Variations (IJAV on February 23rd, 2010 (Padeyappanavar KV, Kazi AK, Nagaleekar A, Kulkarni D, Kulkarni U, Hukkeri V. Elongated styloid process – report of three cases. International Journal of Anatomical Variations. 2010; 3: 30–32. [1], has already been published in the Journal of the Anatomical Society of India in June 2008 [2], and in the Al Ameen Journal of Medical Sciences in January 2010 [3]. The manuscript has been submitted to IJAV in July 30th, 2009, and accepted for publication in January 22nd, 2010. It is obvious that the manuscript has been submitted to IJAV one year later to its initial publication in the Journal of the Anatomical Society of India. The editorial office of IJAV has confirmed that this case report by Padeyappanavar et al. was a duplicate publication, violating the publication agreement of IJAV. The most important condition of submission of a manuscript for publication is explicit declaration of the authors that the paper has not been published or is not under consideration for publication in any other journal. As such this manuscript represents a severe abuse of the scientific publishing system.We immediately contacted the corresponding author (Dr. Kiran V. Padeyappanavar, Department of Anatomy, Belgaum Institute of Medical Sciences, India. E-mail: dr.kiranvp@gmail.com. Unfortunately, we could not get a satisfactory or logical explanation. Therefore, we hereby notice our readers that the paper by Padeyappanavar et al. [1] has been retracted.The institutions of the authors will also be advised via this notice of retraction.We deeply apologize to our readers and the international scientific community for this inconvenience that was totally occurred out of IJAV, and respectfully announce to the scientific world

  19. Mission Status at Aura Science Team MOWG Meeting: EOS Aura

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fisher, Dominic

    2016-01-01

    Presentation at the 24797-16 Earth Observing System (EOS) Aura Science Team Meeting (Mission Operations Work Group (MOWG)) at Rotterdam, Netherlands August 29, 2016. Presentation topics include mission summary, spacecraft subsystems summary, recent and planned activities, spacecraft anomalies, data capture, propellant usage and lifetime estimates, spacecraft maneuvers and ground track history, mission highlights and past spacecraft anomalies and reliability estimates.

  20. Some problems of existence of particle-like solutions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The problem of particle-like solutions of wide class nonlinear differential equations in different field theory models is discussed. The existence and uniqueness of the solutions are investigated. (author)

  1. Features of migraine aura in teenagers

    OpenAIRE

    Petrusic, Igor; Pavlovski, Vera; Vucinic, Dragana; Jancic, Jasna

    2014-01-01

    Background Complex migraine aura in teenagers can be complicated to diagnose. The aim of this study was to present detailed features of migraine aura in teenage migraineurs. Methods This cross-sectional study was conducted in the period from 2008 till 2013. A total number of 40 teenage migraineurs (20 females and 20 males) met criteria for this study. The patients were interviewed using a specially designed questionnaire for collecting data about migraine aura features. Main outcome measures ...

  2. Transient global amnesia occurring as migraine aura

    OpenAIRE

    Montagna, Pasquale; Cerullo, Angelina; Cortelli, Pietero

    2000-01-01

    We describe a case of transient global amnesia (TGA) occurring as migraine aura. TGA prevalence is higher among migraineurs and has been ascribed to spreading depression in the hippocampus. Our patient, a 38-year-old physician, developed migraine without aura in early adolescence and from age 20 years, had experienced rare attacks of migraine with aura,. At ages 36 and 38 years, he suffered two attacks of sudden-onset anterograde amnesia, which lasted 5 hours and were immediately followed by ...

  3. Reduced efficacy of sumatriptan in migraine with aura vs without aura

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Jakob Møller; Goadsby, Peter J; Charles, Andrew

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To determine whether acute migraine treatment outcome is different in migraine with aura compared with migraine without aura. METHODS: We examined pooled outcome data for sumatriptan treatment of migraine with and without aura from the sumatriptan/naratriptan aggregate patient database...

  4. Clinical image: MRI during migraine with aura

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McNeal, A.C. [Brooklyn VA Medical Center, NY (United States)

    1996-03-01

    Migraine refers to severe headaches that are usually unilateral, throbbing, and associated with nausea, vomiting, photophobia, and phonophobia. Migraine with aura (formerly called {open_quotes}classic migraine{close_quotes}) consists of the headache preceded or accompanied by neurological dysfunction. This dysfunction (aura) usually involves visual and sensory symptoms. The patient described herein experienced migraine with aura. MRI during and after the attack showed a reversible abnormality of the right posterior cerebral artery, with no parenchymal lesions. This appears to be the first report of abnormal MR vascular imaging during migraine with aura. 10 refs., 2 figs.

  5. Persistent migraine aura in an adolescent girl.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruen, Robin; Peng, Si Liang; Perreault, Sebastien; Major, Philippe; Ospina, Luis H

    2013-08-01

    A 14-year-old girl presented with a prolonged migraine visual aura of several weeks' duration. Symptoms gradually resolved over a 6-week period, with no recurrence of visual aura over a 20-month follow-up period. Although there is significant overlap between the features of stereotypical and persistent migraine auras, or "visual snow," the latter tend to be unformed and can occupy the entire visual field of both eyes. To our knowledge, this phenomenon has been reported only twice before in children. Recognition of its features will allow the pediatric ophthalmologist to differentiate persistent visual aura from visual hallucinations. PMID:23871134

  6. On Retractable S-Acts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    R.KHOSRAVI

    2012-01-01

    In this paper we introduce a class of right S-acts called retractable S-acts which are right S-acts with homomorphisms into their all subacts.We also give some classifications of monoids by comparing such acts with flatness properties.

  7. Hemiplegic migraine aura begins with cerebral hypoperfusion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Jakob M; Schytz, Henrik W; Larsen, Vibeke A;

    2011-01-01

    Imaging studies of spontaneous migraine aura have proved challenging because of the episodic and unpredictable nature of migraine attacks. Two patients with signs of acute ischemic stroke were evaluated for thrombolysis and turned out to suffer from familial hemiplegic migraine. It was possible to...... record the early phase of the hemiplegic aura with computed tomography with perfusion sequences and magnetic resonance imaging. We found cerebral hypoperfusion in the relevant cortical areas within the first hour after onset of aura symptoms. This report supports the concept that migraine aura across the...... migraine spectrum is caused by similar mechanisms. In a setting with efficient cooperation between headache and stroke neurologists, thrombolysis centers provide the set-up and opportunity to record aura symptoms at an early phase. Furthermore, in the time of ready access to acute systemic thrombolysis...

  8. Corticotomy-assisted retraction: An outcome assessment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S Vijayashri Sakthi

    2014-01-01

    Conclusion: The rate of retraction with study group was twice as faster when compared to the control group, accelerating during the first 2 months of retraction. There was better anchorage control with the undecorticated molar segment during the retraction period but was found to increase as time advanced.

  9. Lightweight extendable and retractable pole

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A lightweight extendable and retractable telescopic pole is disclosed comprising a plurality of non-metallic telescoping cylinders with sliding and sealing surfaces between the cylinders, a first plug member on the upper end of the smallest cylinder, and a second plug member on the lower end of the largest cylinder, whereby fluid pressure admitted to the largest cylinder will cause the telescoping cylinders to slide relative to one another causing the pole to extend. An elastomeric member connects the first plug member with one of the intermediate cylinders to urge the cylinders back into a collapsed position when the fluid pressure in the cylinders is vented. Annular elastomer members are provided which seal one cylinder to another when the pole is fully extended and further serve to provide a cushion to prevent damage to the cylinders when the pole is urged back into its retractable position by the elastomeric members and the venting of the pressure. A value mechanism associated with the pole is provided to admit a fluid under pressure to the interior of the telescoping cylinders of the pole while pressurizing a pressure relief port having an opening larger than the inlet port in a closed position whereby removal of the pressure on the relief port will cause the relief port to open to quickly lower the pressure in the interior of the telescoping cylinders to thereby assist in the rapid retraction of the extended pole. 18 figs

  10. Clinical characteristics of the eardrum retraction pocket

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ješić Snežana

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Development of the eardrum retraction pocket, as pathologic finding, depends on Eustachian tube dysfunction, onset of the middle ear infection and site of development of retraction on the eardrum. The study is aimed at: 1. Determining the incidence of eardrum retraction pocket and cholesteatoma within it, as well as at the degree of eardrum retraction; 2. Determining of association between eardrum retraction pocket and changes of the eardrum mucosaand parstensa of the tympanic membrane; 3. Determining of onset and intensity of the bone destruction in eardrum retraction pocket; 4. Examining of Eustachian tube function based on time of mucocilliary transport according to the type of the eardrum retraction pocket. The study is based on the retrospective analysis of the results obtained from the patients treated at the Institute of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinical Centre of Serbia in Belgrade for the diagnosis of the chronic suppurative otitis who underwent otosurgical procedures during the six-year period, from 1996-2001. In our series of 540 patients subjected to otosurgical treatment, the incidence of the retraction pocket of the eardrum was 11.23%. Onset of more severe degree of eardrum retraction was most frequent in the attic. Cholesteatoma was detected in 82.2% of patients of the group with the attic-retraction pocket of the eardrum, as well as in 25% of patients of the group of tensa-sinus retraction pocket of the eardrum. Atrophic changes of the tympanic membrane pars tensa were detected in almost all tensa-sinus retraction pockets of the eardrum. Approximately one half of the attic-retraction pockets of the eardrum were accompanied by eardrum atrophy. Bone destruction of the auditory ossicles was limited to the long process of incus and superior structures of stapes. Time of the mucocilliary transport was significantly longer (p<0.01 in attic-retraction pocket of the eardrum than in tensa-sinus retraction pocket of

  11. [Recurrent dreams as migraine aura symptoms].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Podoll, K; Töpper, R; Robinson, D; Sass, H

    2000-04-01

    Elementary geometric imagery seen in the visual aura of migraine can be experienced as incorporated into the content of a dream which precedes the awakening with a migraine headache. Furthermore, recurrent dreams featuring complex visual imagery, often terrifying nightmares, can occur as migraine aura symptoms. The said phenomena are illustrated by two original case reports and discussed against the background of a review of the literature. PMID:10803382

  12. Retraction

    OpenAIRE

    Hill, Tim

    2016-01-01

    Gu J, Sun R, Shen S, Yu Z. The influence of TLR4 agonist lipopolysaccharides on hepatocellular carcinoma cells and the feasibility of its application in treating liver cancer. Onco Targets Ther. 2015;8:2215–2225.The first author (Junsheng Gu) created an email address for Dr Yu without permission and used figures from a previously published paper: Lin A, Wang G, Zhao H, et al. TLR4 signaling promotes a COX-2/PGE2/STAT3 positive feedback loop in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells. O...

  13. Particle-like wave packets in complex scattering systems

    CERN Document Server

    Gérardin, Benoît; Ambichl, Philipp; Prada, Claire; Rotter, Stefan; Aubry, Alexandre

    2016-01-01

    A wave packet undergoes a strong spatial and temporal dispersion while propagating through a complex medium. This wave scattering is often seen as a nightmare in wave physics whether it be for focusing, imaging or communication purposes. Controlling wave propagation through complex systems is thus of fundamental interest in many areas, ranging from optics or acoustics to medical imaging or telecommunications. Here, we study the propagation of elastic waves in a cavity and a disordered waveguide by means of laser interferometry. We demonstrate how the direct experimental access to the information stored in the scattering matrix of these systems allows us to selectively excite scattering states and wave packets that travel along individual classical trajectories. Due to their limited dispersion, these particle-like scattering states will be crucially relevant for all applications involving selective wave focusing and efficient information transfer through complex media.

  14. Frobenius groups and retract rationality

    CERN Document Server

    Kang, Ming-chang

    2012-01-01

    Let $k$ be any field, $G$ be a finite group acting on the rational function field $k(x_g:g\\in G)$ by $h\\cdot x_g=x_{hg}$ for any $h,g\\in G$. Define $k(G)=k(x_g:g\\in G)^G$. Noether's problem asks whether $k(G)$ is rational (= purely transcendental) over $k$. A weaker notion, retract rationality introduced by Saltman, is also very useful for the study of Noether's problem. We prove that, if $G$ is a Frobenius group with abelian Frobenius kernel, then $k(G)$ is retract $k$-rational for any field $k$ satisfying some mild conditions. As an application, we show that, for any algebraic number field $k$, for any Frobenius group $G$ with Frobenius complement isomorphic to $SL_2(\\bm{F}_5)$, there is a Galois extension field $K$ over $k$ whose Galois group is isomorphic to $G$, i.e. the inverse Galois problem is valid for the pair $(G,k)$. The same result is true for any non-solvable Frobenius group if $k(\\zeta_8)$ is a cyclic extension of $k$.

  15. The Problem of Retraction in Critical Discussion

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Krabbe, Erik C. W.

    2001-01-01

    In many contexts a retraction of commitment is frowned upon. For instance, it is not appreciated, generally, if one withdraws a promise or denies an earlier statement. Critical discussion, too, can easily be disrupted by retractions, if these occur too frequently and at critical points. But on the o

  16. Trigger factors in migraine with aura

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hauge, A W; Hauge, Anne Werner; Kirchmann, M;

    2010-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to identify trigger factors in migraine with aura (MA). A total of 629 MA patients representative of the Danish population were sent a questionnaire listing 16 trigger factors thought to be relevant as well as space for free text. Distinction was made between...... attacks with or without aura within each patient. The questionnaire was returned by 522 patients of whom 347 had current MA attacks. In total 80% with current attacks (278/347) indicated that at least one factor triggered their migraine, and 67% (187/278) in this group indicated that they were aware of at...... least one factor often or always giving rise to an attack of MA. Forty-one per cent (113/278) had co-occurring attacks of migraine without aura (MO). Stress (following stress), bright light, intense emotional influences, stress (during stress) and sleeping too much or too little were the trigger factors...

  17. Hemiplegic migraine aura begins with cerebral hypoperfusion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Jakob M; Schytz, Henrik W; Larsen, Vibeke A;

    2011-01-01

    Imaging studies of spontaneous migraine aura have proved challenging because of the episodic and unpredictable nature of migraine attacks. Two patients with signs of acute ischemic stroke were evaluated for thrombolysis and turned out to suffer from familial hemiplegic migraine. It was possible to...... migraine spectrum is caused by similar mechanisms. In a setting with efficient cooperation between headache and stroke neurologists, thrombolysis centers provide the set-up and opportunity to record aura symptoms at an early phase. Furthermore, in the time of ready access to acute systemic thrombolysis...... treatment, these cases underscore the importance of an accurate headache history, especially in younger patients....

  18. Corticotomy-assisted retraction: An outcome assessment

    OpenAIRE

    S Vijayashri Sakthi; Vikraman, B; V R Shobana; S Kavitha Iyer; N R Krishnaswamy

    2014-01-01

    Background: To assess the efficiency and treatment outcome of patients treated with corticotomy-assisted en-masse orthodontic retraction as compared with the en-masse retraction without corticotomy. Materials and Methods: Forty adult patients with bimaxillary protrusion requiring correction of bidental proclination constituted the sample. The study group consisted of 22 patients (male 11, female 11) willing to undergo surgery to reduce the duration of their orthodontic treatment and 18 pa...

  19. A retractable barb needle for drug darts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G.L. van Rooyen

    1973-07-01

    Full Text Available The mechanism and action of a new retractable barbneedle for drug darts are described. This dart needle is particularly successful in obviating unnecessary flight reactions andtrauma in darted animals, and facilitates the complete injection of the drug dose before the barb is retracted and the dart is dislogded from the animal. The whole process is completed within a few seconds and the expended dart can usually be retrieved in the immediate vicinity where the animal was darted.

  20. A Comprehensive Survey of Retracted Articles from the Scholarly Literature

    OpenAIRE

    Grieneisen, Michael L.; Zhang, Minghua

    2012-01-01

    Background The number of retracted scholarly articles has risen precipitously in recent years. Past surveys of the retracted literature each limited their scope to articles in PubMed, though many retracted articles are not indexed in PubMed. To understand the scope and characteristics of retracted articles across the full spectrum of scholarly disciplines, we surveyed 42 of the largest bibliographic databases for major scholarly fields and publisher websites to identify retracted articles. Th...

  1. Achromatopsia in the aura of migraine.

    OpenAIRE

    Lawden, M C; Cleland, P. G.

    1993-01-01

    A 49 year old woman reported an attack of transient neurological dysfunction associated with unilateral headache. A prominent feature of the aura was a period of complete achromatopsia, so that the visual scene was experienced in monochrome. The episode developed to include features of prosopagnosia and spatial agnosia before resolving completely. Other episodes of transient neurological dysfunction followed at regular intervals until prophylactic antimigrainous therapy was initiated. Four ve...

  2. Child Neurology: Migraine with aura in children

    OpenAIRE

    Amy A. Gelfand; Fullerton, Heather J.; Goadsby, Peter J.

    2010-01-01

    The differential diagnosis for an acute hemiparesis in a child includes stroke, Todd paralysis, and hemiplegic migraine. In the context of an illustrative case, this review highlights the differences in clinical presentation among these entities and an approach to the diagnostic workup. Migraine with aura in children is reviewed, including migraine equivalents such as abdominal migraine and the particular presentation of hemiplegic migraine. An approach to the prophylactic and acute treatment...

  3. Visual aura in ice cream headache

    OpenAIRE

    Álvaro, Luis-C.; Sádaba, Fernando; Cortina, Carlos

    2004-01-01

    We present a case of cold-induced visual symptoms in a 74-year-old woman with a history of migraine headaches. Migraine without aura was the starting symptom. It coexisted later with a typical pain of ice cream or cold stimulus headache that persisted after the migraine vanished. Finally the headache disappeared and the course was characterised by episodes of pure visual symptoms, always after swallowing cold material. The vasodynamic effects underlying migraine are invoked to understand this...

  4. Aura-like features and photophobia in sightless migraine patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Greice Cardoso de Carvalho Silva

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Migraine is a central nervous system disorder frequently expressed with paroxysmal visual dysfunctions. Objective To test the hypothesis that normal visual input is vital for the migrainous aura and photophobia. Method We studied the migraine-related visual disturbances in 8 sightless migraineurs identified among 200 visually impaired subjects. Results The main findings were the visual aura and photophobia disappearance along with blindness development, the oddness of aura – too short, colourful (e.g. blue or fire-like, auditory in nature or different in shape (round forms – and the lack of photophobia. Conclusion We propose that the aura duration should be accepted as shorter in visually impaired subjects. The changes in aura phenotype observed in our patients may be the result of both cerebral plasticity induced by the visual impairment and/or the lack of visual input per se. Integrity of visual pathways plays a key role in migraine visual aura and photophobia.

  5. Topological stability through extremely tame retractions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Feragen, Aasa

    2012-01-01

    Suppose that F : (Rn ×Rd, 0)¿(Rp ×Rd, 0) is a smoothly stable, Rd-level preserving germ which unfolds f : (Rn, 0)¿(Rp, 0); then f is smoothly stable if and only if we can find a pair of smooth retractions r : (Rn+d, 0)¿(Rn, 0) and s : (Rp+d, 0)¿(Rp, 0) such that f ¿ r = s ¿ F . Unfortunately, we do...... not know whether f will be topologically stable if we can find a pair of continuous retractions r and s. The class of extremely tame (E-tame) retractions, introduced by du Plessis and Wall, are defined by their nice geometric properties, which are sufficient to ensure that f is topologically stable....... In this article, we present the E-tame retractions and their relation with topological stability, survey recent results by the author concerning their construction, and illustrate the use of our techniques by constructing E-tame retractions for certain germs belonging to the E- and Z-series of...

  6. Aura-like features and photophobia in sightless migraine patients

    OpenAIRE

    Greice Cardoso de Carvalho Silva; Cristiana Pessoa de Queiroz Faria Góes; Maurice Borges Vincent

    2014-01-01

    Migraine is a central nervous system disorder frequently expressed with paroxysmal visual dysfunctions. Objective To test the hypothesis that normal visual input is vital for the migrainous aura and photophobia. Method We studied the migraine-related visual disturbances in 8 sightless migraineurs identified among 200 visually impaired subjects. Results The main findings were the visual aura and photophobia disappearance along with blindness development, the oddness of aura – too shor...

  7. Neurophysiology of visual aura in migraine

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Visual processing in migraine has been targeted because the visual symptoms that are commonly associated with attack, either in the form of aura or other more subtle symptoms, indicate that the visual pathways are involved in migrainous pathophysiology. The visual aura of the migraine attack has been explained by the cortical spreading depression (CSD) of Leao, neuroelectric event beginning in the occipital cortex and propagating into contiguous brain region. Clinical observations suggest that hyperexcitability occurs not only during the attack, typically in the form of photophobia, but also between attacks. Numerous human neuroimaging, neurophysiological and psychophysical studies have identified differences in cortical visual processing in migraine. The possibility of imaging the typical visual aura with BOLD functional MRI has revealed multiple neurovascular events in the occipital cortex within a single attack that closely resemble CSD. As transient synchronized neuronal excitation precedes CSD, changes in cortical excitability underlie the migraine attack. Independent evidence for altered neuronal excitability in migraineurs between attacks emerges from visual evoked potentials (VEPs) and transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), recordings of cortical potentials and psychophysics. Recently, both TMS and psychophysical studies measuring visual performance in migraineurs have used measures which presumably measure primary visual (V1) and visual association cortex. Our VEP and blink reflex study showed that migraine patients exhibiting allodynia might show central sensitization of braistem trigeminal neuron and had contrast modulation dysfunction during the cortical visual processing of V1 and visual association cortex in-between attacks. In pathophysiology of migraine, these neurophysiological and psychophysical studies indicate that abnormal visual and trigeminal hyperexcitability might persist between migraine attacks. The influence of migraine on cortical

  8. Proof Systems for Retracts in Simply Typed Lambda Calculus

    OpenAIRE

    Stirling, Colin,

    2013-01-01

    This paper concerns retracts in simply typed lambda calculus assuming βη-equality. We provide a simple tableau proof system which characterises when a type is a retract of another type and which leads to an exponential decision procedure.

  9. Stochastic description of pilus retraction dynamics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindén, Martin; Johansson, Emil; Jonsson, Ann-Beth

    2005-03-01

    Motility of certain gram-negative bacteria is mediated by retraction of type IV pili surface filaments, which are essential for infectivity. Type IV pili are helical filaments with 4 nm periodicity and 5 subunits per turn. The retraction is powered by a strong molecular motor protein, PilT, producing very high forces in excess of 100 pN[1]. One possible explanation for the high forces are that several ATP are hydrolyzed to retract each subunit.We consider a widely used class of discrete hopping models, which has been used to describe well-known motor proteins such as kinesin[2] and myosin[3]. The model describes recent experimental measurements[1] on Neisseria gonorrhoeae well, and makes several interesting predictions for the randomness of the retraction dynamics.1. Maier et al, PNAS 101:10961 (2004)2. M. E. Fisher and A. B. Kolomeisky, PNAS 98:7748 (2001)3. A. B. Kolomeisky and M. E. Fisher, Biophys. J. 84:1650 (2003)

  10. Radiation therapy apparatus having retractable beam stopper

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This invention relates to a radiation therapy apparatus which utilized a linear translation mechanism for positioning a beam stopper. An apparatus is described wherein the beam stopper is pivotally attached to the therapy machine with an associated drive motor in such a way that the beam stopper retracts linearly

  11. On the methodology of drug trials in migraine with aura

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hauge, Anne Werner; Hougaard, Anders; Olesen, Jes

    2010-01-01

    future inquiry. We make recommendations about subject selection; the choice, definition and assessment of outcome measures; optimal treatments in relation to aura and headache; and we provide samples of study report forms used to record occurrence of aura and headache in this population....

  12. Migraine with Prolonged Aura: Correlation of Clinical and EEG Features

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. O. Ogunyemi

    1995-01-01

    Full Text Available Migraine with prolonged aura has rarely been examined with regard to the sequence of the neurological symptoms and the associated EEG changes. This report describes five patients who underwent clinical assessment and EEG recordings during attacks of migraine with prolonged aura. CT scan of the brain was obtained in four of them. Follow-up EEG was also obtained. The aura symptoms either preceded the headache or were coincident with it. The aura symptoms evolved in a manner consistent with posterior-to-anterior dysfunction of the cerebral cortex. The EEG abnormalities were non-epileptiform and consisted of focal delta slow waves or theta slow waves. The EEG abnormalities showed good correlation with the patients' aura symptoms and resolved when the patients became symptom free. The posterior-to-anterior sequence of the aura symptoms is in accord with the findings during cerebral blood flow studies in patients having migraine with aura. Also the symptoms and EEG changes in our patients indicate dysfunction of the cerebral cortex, consistent with the notion that spreading cortical depression may be the underlying pathophysiological event in migraine with aura.

  13. Fuzzy Retractions of Fuzzy Open Flat Robertson-Walker Space

    OpenAIRE

    A. E. El-Ahmady; A. S. Al-Luhaybi

    2013-01-01

    Our aim in the present paper is to introduce and study new types of fuzzy retractions of fuzzy open flat Robertson-Walker model. New types of the fuzzy deformation retracts of model are obtained. The relations between the fuzzy foldings and the fuzzy deformation retracts of model are deduced. Types of fuzzy minimal retractions are also presented. New types of homotopy maps are deduced. New types of conditional fuzzy folding are presented. Some commutative diagrams are obtained.

  14. Effect of retraction materials on gingival health: A histopathological study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Phatale Sushma

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Gingival retraction methods are used in dentistry for impressions of subgingival crown margins, such as, mechanical, chemical, chemicomechanical, and surgical. These methods may injure the gingival sulcular epithelium. Hence, the present study is carried out to evaluate the effect of different retraction materials, such as, Expasyl, Magic Foam Cord, and impregnated retraction cord on the gingival sulcular epithelium. Materials and Methods: This study included 30 cases of bilateral premolar extraction patients with Loe and Silness gingival index zero. Retraction materials were kept in the dry, isolated labial gingival sulcus for the required time. The retraction materials were removed by rinsing with water. Retracted gingiva of 2 - 3 mm from the gingival margin along with the tooth was extracted and the decalcified sections were microscopically studied. Data analysis: Data were analyzed by applying the chi-square test. Results: This study showed better results with retraction paste as compared to the retraction cord, and there was a significant association between retraction materials and the relative degree of injury to the sulcular epithelium. Conclusion: There is a significant association between retraction materials and gingival sulcular epithelium. It can be stated that impregnated retraction cord, may be used commonly but it needs proper tissue manipulation and is technique sensitive. Newly advanced material in the form of retraction paste like Expasyl or Magic Foam Cord was found to be better than cord as assessed histologically, it respects periodontium.

  15. A comprehensive survey of retracted articles from the scholarly literature.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael L Grieneisen

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The number of retracted scholarly articles has risen precipitously in recent years. Past surveys of the retracted literature each limited their scope to articles in PubMed, though many retracted articles are not indexed in PubMed. To understand the scope and characteristics of retracted articles across the full spectrum of scholarly disciplines, we surveyed 42 of the largest bibliographic databases for major scholarly fields and publisher websites to identify retracted articles. This study examines various trends among them. RESULTS: We found, 4,449 scholarly publications retracted from 1928-2011. Unlike Math, Physics, Engineering and Social Sciences, the percentages of retractions in Medicine, Life Science and Chemistry exceeded their percentages among Web of Science (WoS records. Retractions due to alleged publishing misconduct (47% outnumbered those due to alleged research misconduct (20% or questionable data/interpretations (42%. This total exceeds 100% since multiple justifications were listed in some retraction notices. Retraction/WoS record ratios vary among author affiliation countries. Though widespread, only miniscule percentages of publications for individual years, countries, journals, or disciplines have been retracted. Fifteen prolific individuals accounted for more than half of all retractions due to alleged research misconduct, and strongly influenced all retraction characteristics. The number of articles retracted per year increased by a factor of 19.06 from 2001 to 2010, though excluding repeat offenders and adjusting for growth of the published literature decreases it to a factor of 11.36. CONCLUSIONS: Retracted articles occur across the full spectrum of scholarly disciplines. Most retracted articles do not contain flawed data; and the authors of most retracted articles have not been accused of research misconduct. Despite recent increases, the proportion of published scholarly literature affected by retraction

  16. Lower incisor retraction with a modified corticotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Germeç, Derya; Giray, Bahadir; Kocadereli, Ilken; Enacar, Ayhan

    2006-09-01

    This case report demonstrates the orthodontic treatment facilitated with a new conservative corticotomy technique to shorten the treatment time during lower incisor retraction. The patient was a 22-year-old woman with protrusive profile, severe anterior crowding, an anterior crossbite, and Class III dental relationship. Orthodontic treatment consisted of the extraction of four first premolars with maximum anchorage. A modified corticotomy technique, in which the lingual vertical and subapical horizontal cuts were eliminated, was combined with orthodontic therapy for the retraction of the lower anterior teeth. Corticotomy-facilitated orthodontics dramatically reduced the treatment time without any adverse effects on the periodontium and the vitality of the teeth. The main advantages of this modified corticotomy technique were the elimination of the lingual cuts and flap, the reduction of surgery time, and minimum discomfort to the patient. At the end of active orthodontic therapy, balanced occlusion and facial esthetics were achieved. PMID:17029527

  17. Ratchet model for type IV pilus retraction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindén, Martin; Tuohimaa, Tomi; Jonsson, Ann-Beth; Wallin, Mats

    2004-03-01

    Type IV pilus rectraction is required for twitching motility in a wide range of bacteriae, including Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Myxococcus xanthus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The mechanism of retraction is believed to be filament disassembly mediated by PilT, a member of the AAA family of motor proteins. Recent laser tweezer measurements of the force-velocity relation of PilT in N. gonorrhoeae, reveal that single PilT complexes generate forces of over 100 pN. We assume that PilT forms a cyclic ATPase surrounding the base of the pilus and formulate a model of retraction in terms of coupled flashing ratchets. We obtain a force-velocity relation by numerical simulation of the model which is in qualitative agreement with the experimental results.

  18. Fluctuations in type IV pilus retraction

    CERN Document Server

    Linden, M; Jonsson, A B; Wallin, M; Linden, Martin; Johansson, Emil; Jonsson, Ann-Beth; Wallin, Mats

    2005-01-01

    The type IV pilus retraction motor is found in many important bacterial pathogens. It is the strongest known linear motor protein and is required for bacterial infectivity. We characterize the dynamics of type IV pilus retraction in terms of a stochastic chemical reaction model. We find that a two state model can describe the experimental force velocity relation and qualitative dependence of ATP concentration. The results indicate that the dynamics is limited by an ATP-dependent step at low load and a force-dependent step at high load, and that at least one step is effectively irreversible in the measured range of forces. The irreversible nature of the sub-step(s) lead to interesting predictions for future experiments: We find different parameterizations with mathematically identical force velocity relations but different fluctuations (diffusion constant). We also find a longer elementary step compared to an earlier analysis, which agrees better with known facts about the structure of the pilus filament and e...

  19. Noninvasive measurement of eye retraction during blinking

    OpenAIRE

    Mas Candela, David; Doménech Amigot, Begoña; Espinosa Tomás, Julián; Pérez Rodríguez, Jorge; Hernández Poveda, Consuelo; Illueca Contri, Carlos

    2010-01-01

    We present a noninvasive technique for high-speed measuring of eye retraction and eyelid position during blinking. The anterior chamber of the eye is illuminated by the slit lamp of a biomicroscope and eye dynamics during a blinking sequence are captured with a high-speed camera working at 500 frames per second. Digital image processing allows quantitative analysis of cornea and eyelid positions during the closing and opening phases of the blinking process. Our method allows simultaneous meas...

  20. Platelets and fibrin strands during clot retraction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morgenstern, E; Korell, U; Richter, J

    1984-03-15

    The ultrastructure of platelet fibrin contacts (PFC) and the course of the strands was investigated in serial sections of retracted clots with the help of specimen tilting. We found after retraction in a test tube as well as under isometric conditions in the resonance thrombograph, after HARTERT, an uniform type of PFC. The side to side contact between platelet surface and fibrin strands displayed a 15 nm wide space which was bridged of 10 - 30 nm by filamentary structure. In each case the direction of the fibrin strands changed on contact with the platelet surface (bend). These bends recurred if the adhering strands ran over a longer distance on the platelet surface. The bends can be explained by non-directional movement of the platelets or of their pseudopodia. Microfilaments (actomyosin) which run straight in pseudopodia and often also twisted in the platelet body support this assumption. The described mechanism - contact of the thrombin activated platelets with fibrin strands and simultaneous nondirectional movement of the platelets which bind further sections of the adhering strands to their surface - would provide a more satisfactory explanation for the retraction of the clot to 1/10 of its original volume. PMID:6539004

  1. Auras in mysticism and synaesthesia: a comparison.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milán, E G; Iborra, O; Hochel, M; Rodríguez Artacho, M A; Delgado-Pastor, L C; Salazar, E; González-Hernández, A

    2012-03-01

    In a variety of synaesthesia, photisms result from affect-laden stimuli as emotional words, or faces of familiar people. For R, who participated in this study, the sight of a familiar person triggers a mental image of "a human silhouette filled with colour". Subjective descriptions of synaesthetic experiences induced by the visual perception of people's figures and faces show similarities with the reports of those who claim to possess the ability to see the aura. It has been proposed that the purported auric perception may be easily explained by the presence of a specific subtype of cross-modal perception. We analyse the subjective reports of four synaesthetes who experience colours in response to human faces and figures. These reports are compared with descriptions of alleged auric phenomena found in the literature and with claims made by experts in esoteric spheres. The discrepancies found suggest that both phenomena are phenomenologically and behaviourally dissimilar. PMID:22197149

  2. 强可收缩半群%Strongly Retractable Semigroups

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    喻秉钧

    2000-01-01

    A semigroup S is called strongly retractable, if each of its subsemigroups is aretract of S. In this paper, strongly retractable groups, strongly retractable completelysimple semigroups, strongly retractable semilattices and strongly retractable regularsemigroups are successively characterized and finally a structure theorem for generalstrongly retractable semigroups is given.%称半群S强可收缩,若S的每个子半群都是它的一个缩回.本文逐次刻划了强可收缩的群、完全单半群、强可收缩的半格及正则半群的结构,在此基础上给出了任意强可收缩半群的结构定理.

  3. CORRECTION OF ALAR RETRACTION USING VARIOUS TECHNIQUES: A CASE SERIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dinesh

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Alar retraction is one of the common problems seen in both primary and secondary rhinoplasty. Multiple techniques of varying complexity have been described to treat this common and challenging problem.(1,4 The presently used techniques are associated with scar and potential formation of crust. Thus, we attempted to overcome these shortcomings by using new grafting techniques to correct alar retraction. In this article, we describe the simplest way of correcting alar retraction by using an alar projection graft.

  4. Fixed Simplex Property for Retractable Complexes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zapart Anna

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Retractable complexes are defined in this paper. It is proved that they have the fixed simplex property for simplicial maps. This implies the theorem of Wallace and the theorem of Rival and Nowakowski for finite trees: every simplicial map transforming vertices of a tree into itself has a fixed vertex or a fixed edge. This also implies the Hell and Nešetřil theorem: any endomorphism of a dismantlable graph fixes some clique. Properties of recursively contractible complexes are examined.

  5. Study of Semi-projective Retractable Modules

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    A.Haghany; M.R.Vedadi

    2007-01-01

    For a semi-projective retractable module MR with endomorphism ring S,we prove u.dim MR = u.dim Ss,and find necessary and sufficient conditions on M in order that S be respectively semiprime,right nonsingular,finitely cogenerated,cocyclic,or weakly co-Hopfian.Precise descriptions of the right singular ideal of S and the socle of M are given,and in addition if S is a semiprime ring,it is shown that MR is FI-extending if and only if Ss is FI-extending.

  6. An adjunctive minor surgical procedure for increased rate of retraction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prabhakar Krishnan

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Orthodontic treatment is based on the principle that if prolonged pressure is applied to the tooth, tooth movement will occur as the bone around the tooth re-models. In this study osteotomy of buccal alveolar plate and undermining of interseptal bone was performed at premolar extraction site and rate of en-masse retraction and canine retraction was evaluated. Materials and Methods: Patients between the age of 18 and 25 years, requiring retraction of anterior teeth are selected for the study. Osteotomy with undermining of interseptal bone at the extraction site was performed. The procedure was performed on all four quadrants. Results: The average retraction in the maxillary arch was 0.98 mm/quadrant in 3 weeks, i.e., a total retraction of 5.89 mm in a span of 9 weeks. The average retraction in the mandibular arch was 0.96 mm/quadrant in 3 weeks, i.e., a total retraction of 5.75 mm in a span of 9 weeks. Conclusion: This method of achieving faster en masse retraction immediately after extraction definitely reduced the initial retraction time. We recommend that such procedure must be carried out with appropriate anchorage conservation methods.

  7. Hepatic capsular retraction: spectrum of diagnosis at MRI

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hepatic capsular retraction is an imaging feature that deserves the attention of the radiologist. Hepatic capsular retraction is associated with a number of hepatic lesions, benign or malignant, treated or untreated. The purpose of this pictorial review is to discuss the most common benign and malignant hepatic lesions associated with this feature with an emphasis on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

  8. AURA 2: Empowering discovery of post-transcriptional networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dassi, Erik; Re, Angela; Leo, Sara; Tebaldi, Toma; Pasini, Luigi; Peroni, Daniele; Quattrone, Alessandro

    2014-01-01

    Post-transcriptional regulation (PTR) of gene expression is now recognized as a major determinant of cell phenotypes. The recent availability of methods to map protein-RNA interactions in entire transcriptomes such as RIP, CLIP and their variants, together with global polysomal and ribosome profiling techniques, are driving the exponential accumulation of vast amounts of data on mRNA contacts in cells, and of corresponding predictions of PTR events. However, this exceptional quantity of information cannot be exploited at its best to reconstruct potential PTR networks, as it still lies scattered throughout several databases and in isolated reports of single interactions. To address this issue, we developed the second and vastly enhanced version of the Atlas of UTR Regulatory Activity (AURA 2), a meta-database centered on mapping interaction of trans-factors with human and mouse UTRs. AURA 2 includes experimentally demonstrated binding sites for RBPs, ncRNAs, thousands of cis-elements, variations, RNA epigenetics data and more. Its user-friendly interface offers various data-mining features including co-regulation search, network generation and regulatory enrichment testing. Gene expression profiles for many tissues and cell lines can be also combined with these analyses to display only the interactions possible in the system under study. AURA 2 aims at becoming a valuable toolbox for PTR studies and at tracing the road for how PTR network-building tools should be designed. AURA 2 is available at http://aura.science.unitn.it. PMID:26779400

  9. Variability of clinical features in attacks of migraine with aura

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Jakob M; Goadsby, Peter J; Charles, Andrew C

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND: There is significant variability in the clinical presentation of migraine, both among patients, and between attacks in an individual patient. We examined clinical features of migraine with aura in a large group of patients enrolled in a clinical trial, and compared retrospective...... detailed retrospective description of the clinical features of their attacks of migraine. During the trial, clinical symptoms in migraine attacks starting with aura were recorded prospectively in 861 attacks. RESULTS: Retrospectively reported visual aura symptoms were variable and often overlapping; the...... recalling or speaking words. A significant percentage of patients also reported a change in olfaction. There were several inconsistencies between the features of prospectively recorded and retrospectively reported attacks. Headache, nausea, photophobia, and phonophobia were all less common in prospectively...

  10. Relationship between primary restless legs syndrome and migraine with aura.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Acar, Bilgehan Atılgan; Acar, Türkan; Alagöz, Aybala Neslihan; Karacan, Alper; Varım, Ceyhun; Uyanık, Mehmet Şevki; Kaya, Tezcan; Akdemir, Ramazan

    2016-08-01

    In this study, the prevalence and characteristics of definite migraine in primary restless legs syndrome (pRLS) patients and matched control patients (CPs) were investigated. We evaluated 63 consecutive adult pRLS patients and 141 age- and sex-matched controls in this case-control study. The diagnosis of migraine and its subtypes were defined based on The International Classification of Headache Disorders-II. Only those with "definite" migraine were included in the study. The mean age of 63 adult pRLS patients (15 men and 48 women) who participated in the study was 49.4 years. A total of 27 patients (42.9%) had definite migraine. Of these migraineurs, seven (11.1%) were without aura and 20 (31.8%) were with aura. The mean age of the 141 matched CPs was 48.7 years. A total of 32 CPs (22.7%) experienced migraine. Among these 32 migraineurs, 28 (19.9%) were without aura and four (2.8%) were with aura. Migraine and migraine with aura were significantly more common in pRLS patients than in CPs. pRLS patients with migraine were more anxious and experienced a shorter duration of RLS symptoms than pRLS patients without migraine. Migraineurs in the pRLS group tended to have high scores for severity of migraine headache by Visual Analog Scale score and high levels of disability by Migraine Disability Assessment grading than those in the control group. pRLS patients showed a positive association with definite migraine headaches. In contrast to results highlighted in recent studies, we found a strong link between migraine with aura and pRLS. PMID:27523456

  11. 强可收缩半群%Strongly Retractable Semigroups

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    喻秉钧

    2002-01-01

    A semigroup S is called strongly retractable, if each of its subsemigroups is a retract of S. In this paper, strongly retractable groups, strongly retractable completely simple semigroups, strongly retractable semilattices and strongly retractable regular semigroups are successively characterized and finally a structure theorem for general strongly retractable semigroups is given.%设S为半群,H为S的子半群,称H是S的一个缩回,若存在满同态φ:S→H满足φ|H=1H(H上的恒等映射),称半群S是强可收缩的,若S的每个子半群都是S的一个缩回.首先证明了群G为强可收缩半群的充要条件为G是一族初等Abel群的限制直积,接着得到完全单半群S强可收缩的充要条件是SG×(I×Λ),其中G为强可收缩群,I×Λ是矩形带.还证明了一个半格是强可收缩半群的充要条件是它为局部有限树.在这些结论的基础上最后得到一个半群是强可收缩半群的完整刻划.

  12. Computability of Homology for Compact Absolute Neighbourhood Retracts

    OpenAIRE

    Collins, Pieter; Contributed Papers

    2009-01-01

    In this note we discuss the information needed to compute the homology groups of a topological space. We argue that the natural class of spaces to consider are the compact absolute neighbourhood retracts, since for these spaces the homology groups are finite. We show that we need to specify both a function which defines a retraction from a neighbourhood of the space in the Hilbert cube to the space itself, and a sufficiently fine over-approximation of the set. However, neither the retraction ...

  13. Torque control during lingual anterior retraction without posterior appliances

    OpenAIRE

    Mo, Sung-Seo; Kim, Seong-Hun; Sung, Sang-Jin; Chung, Kyu-Rhim; Chun, Yun-Sic; Kook, Yoon-Ah; Nelson, Gerald

    2013-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the factors that affect torque control during anterior retraction when utilizing the C-retractor with a palatal miniplate as an exclusive source of anchorage without posterior appliances. Methods The C-retractor was modeled using a 3-dimensional beam element (0.9-mm-diameter stainless-steel wire) attached to mesh bonding pads. Various vertical heights and 2 attachment positions for the lingual anterior retraction hooks (LARHs) were evaluated. A force of 200 g was applied...

  14. Dipyridamole may induce migraine in patients with migraine without aura

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kruuse, C; Lassen, L H; Iversen, Helle Klingenberg;

    2006-01-01

    Dipyridamole inhibits phosphodiesterase 5 (PDE5) and adenosine re-uptake. The most prominent side-effect is headache. We examined the migraine-generating effects of dipyridamole as well as the cerebral blood velocity response in a single-blind study, including 10 patients with migraine without aura...... repeatedly. Headache was induced in all migraine patients and in eight of 10 healthy subjects (P = 0.47) with no significant difference in headache intensity (P = 0.53). However, five patients but only one healthy subject experienced the symptoms of migraine without aura, according to ICHD-2 criteria, within....... Thus, dipyridamole induces symptoms of migraine and an initial decrease in V(mca) in migraine patients, but not significantly more than in healthy subjects. This relatively low frequency of migraine induction, compared with nitric oxide donors and sildenafil, is probably due to the less specific action...

  15. Epileptic aura and perception of self-control

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lohse, Allan; Kjaer, Troels W; Sabers, Anne;

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: The health locus of control is the subjective perception of control over one's health. It has been studied for years as one of several factors that determine patient health-related behaviors. The aim of this study was to investigate how the epileptic aura is associated with the health...... locus of control, anxiety, and depression. METHODS: Patients were included retrospectively, based on patient records from the epilepsy monitoring unit of the Rigshospitalet University Hospital. Participants were asked about the presence and nature of auras in a semistructured interview....... The Multidimensional Health Locus of Control Scale, Form C was used to evaluate the health locus of control. Three domains were evaluated: internal, where health is controlled by personal action; chance, where health is controlled by fate or luck; and powerful others, where health is controlled by the actions...

  16. Validation of Aura Microwave Limb Sounder HCl measurements

    OpenAIRE

    L. Froidevaux; Jiang, Y.B.; Lambert, A.; Livesey, N.J.; Read, W. G.; Waters, J. W.; Fuller, R. A.; Marcy, T. P.; Popp, P. J.; R. S. Gao; Fahey, D. W.; Jucks, K. W.; Stachnik, R. A.; Toon, G. C.; Christensen, L. E.

    2008-01-01

    The Earth Observing System (EOS) Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS) aboard the Aura satellite has provided daily global HCl profiles since August 2004. We provide a characterization of the resolution, random and systematic uncertainties, and known issues for the version 2.2 MLS HCl data. The MLS sampling allows for comparisons with many (similar to 1500 to more than 3000) closely matched profiles from the Halogen Occultation Experiment (HALOE) and Atmospheric Chemistry Experiment Fourier Transform ...

  17. Globally shed wakes for three distinct retracting foil geometries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steele, Stephanie; Triantafyllou, Michael

    2015-11-01

    In quickly retracting foils at an angle of attack, the boundary layer vorticity along with the added mass energy is immediately and globally shed from the body into the surrounding fluid. The deposited vorticity quickly reforms into lasting vortex structures, which could be used for purposes such as manipulating or exploiting the produced flow structures by additional bodies in the fluid. The globally shed wake thus entrains the added mass energy provided by the initially moving body, reflected by the value of the circulation left in the wake. In studying experimentally as well as numerically this phenomenon, we find that the three different tested geometries leave behind distinct wakes. Retracting a square-ended foil is undesirable because the deposited wake is complicated by three-dimensional ring vorticity effects. Retracting a tapered, streamlined-tipped foil is also undesirable because the shape-changing aspect of the foil geometry actually induces energy recovery back to the retracting foil, leaving a less energetic globally shed wake. Finally, a retracting hollow foil geometry avoids both of these detrimental effects, leaving relatively simple, yet energetic, vortex structures in the wake.

  18. EOS-Aura's Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI): Validation Requirements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brinksma, E. J.; McPeters, R.; deHaan, J. F.; Levelt, P. F.; Hilsenrath, E.; Bhartia, P. K.

    2003-01-01

    OMI is an advanced hyperspectral instrument that measures backscattered radiation in the UV and visible. It will be flown as part of the EOS Aura mission and provide data on atmospheric chemistry that is highly synergistic with other Aura instruments HIRDLS, MLS, and TES. OMI is designed to measure total ozone, aerosols, cloud information, and UV irradiances, continuing the TOMS series of global mapped products but with higher spatial resolution. In addition its hyperspectral capability enables measurements of trace gases such as SO2, NO2, HCHO, BrO, and OClO. A plan for validation of the various OM1 products is now being formulated. Validation of the total column and UVB products will rely heavily on existing networks of instruments, like NDSC. NASA and its European partners are planning aircraft missions for the validation of Aura instruments. New instruments and techniques (DOAS systems for example) will need to be developed, both ground and aircraft based. Lidar systems are needed for validation of the vertical distributions of ozone, aerosols, NO2 and possibly SO2. The validation emphasis will be on the retrieval of these products under polluted conditions. This is challenging because they often depend on the tropospheric profiles of the product in question, and because of large spatial variations in the troposphere. Most existing ground stations are located in, and equipped for, pristine environments. This is also true for almost all NDSC stations. OMI validation will need ground based sites in polluted environments and specially developed instruments, complementing the existing instrumentation.

  19. A Multi-dimensional Investigation of the Effects of Publication Retraction on Scholarly Impact

    CERN Document Server

    Shuai, Xin; Rollins, Jason; Custis, Tonya; Schilder, Frank; Edmunds, Mathilda

    2016-01-01

    Over the past few decades, the rate of publication retractions has increased dramatically in academia. In this study, we investigate retractions from a quantitative perspective, aiming to answer two fundamental questions. One, how do retractions influence the scholarly impact of retracted papers, authors, and institutions? Two, does this influence propagate to the wider academic community through scholarly associations? Specifically, we analyzed a set of retracted articles indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science (WoS), and ran multiple experiments to compare changes in scholarly impact against a control set of non-retracted articles, authors, and institutions. We further applied the Granger Causality test to investigate whether different scientific topics are dynamically affected by retracted papers occurring within those topics. Our results show two key findings: first, the scholarly impact of retracted papers and authors significantly decreases after retraction, and the most severe impact decrease correla...

  20. Retractable tool bit having slider type catch mechanism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Voellmer, George M.

    1992-12-01

    A retractable tool bit assembly utilized in connection with a robotic gripper type end-effector is presented. The apparatus includes one or more spring loaded nestable or telescoping tubular sections together with a catch mechanism for capturing and holding the toll, such as an allen key, in its retracted position. The innermost tubular section includes a threshold cap and engages and holds the tool. The catch mechanism consists of a slider type mechanism located adjacent a relatively larger outer base section and includes means for engaging a conically or mushroom shaped rear end portion of the tool when the telescoping sections are moved to a retracted or parked position. The catch mechanism is released upon actuation of a rotary tool drive motor coupled to a circular mount and which holds the base section. When released all the telescoping sections including the tool extends fully outward to a use position.

  1. The Retraction Penalty: Evidence from the Web of Science

    OpenAIRE

    Susan Feng Lu; Ginger Zhe Jin; Brian Uzzi; Benjamin Jones

    2013-01-01

    Scientific articles are retracted at increasing rates, with the highest rates among top journals. Here we show that a single retraction triggers citation losses through an author's prior body of work. Compared to closely-matched control papers, citations fall by an average of 6.9% per year for each prior publication. These chain reactions are sustained on authors' papers (a) published up to a decade earlier and (b) connected within the authors' own citation network by up to 4 degrees of separ...

  2. Limits of fuzzy retractions of fuzzy hyperspheres and their foldings

    OpenAIRE

    A. E. El-Ahmady

    2006-01-01

    This article introduces the types of fuzzy retractions of fuzzy hyperspheres $ \\tilde{S}^n\\subset R^{n+1} $ and the corresponding induced fuzzy retractions of the two fuzzy systems $ \\bigcup \\overline{\\tilde{S}}^n $, $ \\bigcup \\underline{\\tilde{S}}^n $ when the fuzzification is regular or irregular. Also, the fuzzy folding of fuzzy hyperspheres $ \\tilde{S}^n $ into itself and the induces two chains of fuzzy folding of $ \\bigcup \\overline{\\tilde{S}}^n $, $ \\bigcup \\underline{\\tilde{S}}^n $. Th...

  3. Prospective study of tympanic membrane retraction, hearing loss, and multifrequency tympanometry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Y; Hunter, L L; Margolis, R H; Levine, S C; Lindgren, B; Daly, K; Giebink, G S

    1999-11-01

    Tympanic membrane retraction is a significant sequela of OME and has been linked clinically to atelectasis, ossicular erosion, and cholesteatoma. We investigated important factors for prediction of tympanic membrane retraction in a prospective study of 112 children. After 4 to 6 years of follow-up, 12% of ears had pars tensa retraction without atrophy, and 28% had various degrees of retraction with atrophy. Mild pars flaccida retraction was present in 23%, and severe pars flaccida retraction was present in 12%. Retraction severity was related to hearing level and multifrequency tympanometry. Three factors were significantly related to retraction severity: type of tube, male sex, and percent of visits in the second year with abnormal tympanograms. This study shows that type of tube was the most important factor in long-term outcome after tympanostomy tube treatment of OME. PMID:10547462

  4. Quasi-retractive representation of solution sets to stochastic inclusions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michal Kisielewicz

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available Continuous dependence and retraction properties of solution sets to stochastic inclusions xt−xs∈∫stFτ(xτdτ+∫stGτ(xτdωτ+∫st∫ℝnHτ,r(xτv˜(dτ,dr are considered.

  5. Head of Human Genome Project Retracts 5 Journal Articles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haworth, Karla

    1996-01-01

    Five published leukemia studies have been retracted by the director of the Human Genome Project because they were based on falsified data from a graduate student, although some of the conclusions are still supported. Inconsistencies were discovered by a peer reviewer and were also found in the student's other work. (MSE)

  6. Ergodic Retractions for Families of Asymptotically Nonexpansive Mappings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saeidi Shahram

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available We prove some theorems for the existence of ergodic retractions onto the set of common fixed points of a family of asymptotically nonexpansive mappings. Our results extend corresponding results of Benavides and Ramírez (2001, and Li and Sims (2002.

  7. Global Gravity Wave Variances from Aura MLS: Characteristics and Interpretation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Dong L.; Eckermann, Stephen D.

    2008-01-01

    The gravity wave (GW)-resolving capabilities of 118-GHz saturated thermal radiances acquired throughout the stratosphere by the Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS) on the Aura satellite are investigated and initial results presented. Because the saturated (optically thick) radiances resolve GW perturbations from a given altitude at different horizontal locations, variances are evaluated at 12 pressure altitudes between 21 and 51 km using the 40 saturated radiances found at the bottom of each limb scan. Forward modeling simulations show that these variances are controlled mostly by GWs with vertical wavelengths z 5 km and horizontal along-track wavelengths of y 100-200 km. The tilted cigar-shaped three-dimensional weighting functions yield highly selective responses to GWs of high intrinsic frequency that propagate toward the instrument. The latter property is used to infer the net meridional component of GW propagation by differencing the variances acquired from ascending (A) and descending (D) orbits. Because of improved vertical resolution and sensitivity, Aura MLS GW variances are 5?8 times larger than those from the Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite (UARS) MLS. Like UARS MLS variances, monthly-mean Aura MLS variances in January and July 2005 are enhanced when local background wind speeds are large, due largely to GW visibility effects. Zonal asymmetries in variance maps reveal enhanced GW activity at high latitudes due to forcing by flow over major mountain ranges and at tropical and subtropical latitudes due to enhanced deep convective generation as inferred from contemporaneous MLS cloud-ice data. At 21-28-km altitude (heights not measured by the UARS MLS), GW variance in the tropics is systematically enhanced and shows clear variations with the phase of the quasi-biennial oscillation, in general agreement with GW temperature variances derived from radiosonde, rocketsonde, and limb-scan vertical profiles.

  8. Using NASA's Aura Satellite Data for Inquiry Based Classroom Instruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carter, B. L.; Stockman, S.; Bojkov, B.

    2007-12-01

    NASA's Earth Observing Satellite Aura was launched in 2004, and since that time has been collecting a wealth of data that contributes to scientists' understanding of the complexity of air quality issues. The Aura spacecraft monitors five of the six EPA criteria pollutants (NO2, SO2, O3, aerosols, and CO). Data from one of the criteria pollutants, NO2, are now available in a format useful to educators and students. The data by itself is not enough for students to engage in the scientific reasoning process. Thus, inquiry-driven supporting material in the form of lessons, project based learning scenarios, and curricular support for online data have all been adapted as part of the scaffolding necessary to help students gain an understanding of issues pertaining to air quality. These materials are delivered online which makes them readily accessible to the education community. Currently, NO2 data are available for manipulation using tools such as GoogleEarth and MY NASA DATA (http://mynasadata.larc.nasa.gov). These tools are used to investigate common relationships between spatial distribution and variability of NO2 concentrations. Through guided investigations in the Earth Exploration Toolbook (http://serc.carleton.edu/eet/index.html) or MY NASA DATA, students gain an understanding of NO2 variability. Students are then asked to extrapolate their knowledge and understanding to investigate other air quality issues relating to NO2. Within the coming year, the lessons built around Aura data will be introduced in professional development workshops. Feedback from those attending the professional development workshops about how the data and lessons are used in the classroom will be used to help shape future lesson development on new data. Subsequent data on criteria pollutants of SO2, aerosols, and O3 will soon be made available in a similar format to the education community, helping to further student understanding of the complex nature of air quality issues.

  9. Endothelial Function in Migraine With Aura – A Systematic Review

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Butt, Jawad H; Franzmann, Ulriche; Kruuse, Christina

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: An increased risk of ischemic stroke is repeatedly reported in young subjects with migraine with aura (MA). Such may be caused by changes in endothelial function. The present review evaluates current evidence on endothelial function in MA patients. METHODS: A systematic search of...... electronic databases (Medline, Embase, Cochrane library) was performed, and a search in associated reference lists of identified studies was done. RESULTS: In total, 27 studies met inclusion criteria for this review. Six studies assessed endothelial function by flow-mediated dilation; four reported no...

  10. Validation of the Aura Microwave Limb Sounder HNO3 Measurements

    OpenAIRE

    Santee, M. L.; JPL, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, USA; Lambert, A.; JPL, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, USA; Read, W. G.; JPL, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, USA; Livesey, N. J.; JPL, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, USA; Cofield, R. E.; JPL, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, USA; Cuddy, D. T.; JPL, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, USA; Daffer, W. H.; JPL, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, USA; Drouin, B. J.; JPL, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, USA; Froidevaux, L.; JPL; Fuller, R. A.; JPL, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, USA; Jarnot, R. F.; JPL, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, USA; Knosp, B. W.; JPL, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, USA; Manney, G. L.; JPL, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, USA; Perun, V. S.; JPL, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, USA; Snyder, W. V.; JPL, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, USA

    2007-01-01

    We assess the quality of the version 2.2 (v2.2) HNO3 measurements from the Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS) on the Earth Observing System Aura satellite. The MLS HNO3 product has been greatly improved over that in the previous version (v1.5), with smoother profiles, much more realistic behavior at the lowest retrieval levels, and correction of a high bias caused by an error in one of the spectroscopy files used in v1.5 processing. The v2.2 HNO3 data are scientifically useful over t...

  11. Matrix metalloproteinases during and outside of migraine attacks without aura

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ashina, M.; Tvedskov, J.F.; Thiesen, Kerstin Lipka;

    2010-01-01

    Ashina M, Tvedskov JF, Lipka K, Bilello J, Penkowa M & Olesen J. Matrix metalloproteinases during and outside of migraine attacks without aura. Cephalalgia 2009. London. ISSN 0333-1024To test the hypothesis that permeability of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) is altered during migraine attack due to...... proteins including MMP-7, -8, -10 and TIMP-2. We used Rules-Based Medicine multi-analyte profiling and protein array technologies to study plasma concentration of MMPs. There was no difference in MMP-9 and TIMP-1 levels between ictal and interictal periods. We found significantly decreased plasma levels of...

  12. 14 CFR 23.729 - Landing gear extension and retraction system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Landing gear extension and retraction... Design and Construction Landing Gear § 23.729 Landing gear extension and retraction system. (a) General. For airplanes with retractable landing gear, the following apply: (1) Each landing gear...

  13. 77 FR 31039 - Certain Electronic Devices Having a Retractable USB Connector; Institution of Investigation...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-24

    ... COMMISSION Certain Electronic Devices Having a Retractable USB Connector; Institution of Investigation... electronic devices having a retractable USB connector by reason of infringement of certain claims of U.S... retractable USB connector that infringe one or more of claims 1-4, 7, and 8 of the `210 patent and claims...

  14. 77 FR 24513 - Certain Electronic Devices Having a Retractable USB Connector; Notice of Receipt of Complaint...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-24

    ... COMMISSION Certain Electronic Devices Having a Retractable USB Connector; Notice of Receipt of Complaint... complaint entitled Certain Electronic Devices Having a Retractable USB Connector, DN 2892; the Commission is... certain electronic devices having a retractable USB connector. The complaint names as respondents...

  15. The occurrence and characteristics of auras in a large epilepsy cohort

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nakken, K O; Solaas, M H; Kjeldsen, M J;

    2009-01-01

    Objectives - Despite several studies, estimates of the frequency with which auras occur in conjunction with epilepsy continue to be imprecise. The aim of this study was to assess the occurrence and characteristics of auras in a large population-based epilepsy cohort. Materials and methods - Subje...... is underestimated, especially in children and those with learning disabilities....

  16. Distinctive anatomical and physiological features of migraine aura revealed by 18 years of recording

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Jakob Møller; Baca, Serapio Michael; Vanvalkenburgh, Paul;

    2013-01-01

    The mechanisms underlying the initiation and propagation of the migraine aura, and the visual percept that is produces, remain uncertain. The objective of this study was to characterize and quantify a large number of visual auras recorded by a single individual over nearly two decades to gain ins...

  17. Características clínicas da enxaqueca sem aura Clinical characteristics of migraine without aura

    OpenAIRE

    LUIZ PAULO DE QUEIROZ; ALAN MARK RAPOPORT; FRED DAVID SHEFTELL

    1998-01-01

    Um estudo aprofundado das características clínicas da enxaqueca sem aura (ESA) revela alguns dados interessantes. Um questionário foi respondido por 200 pacientes que preenchiam os critérios da Sociedade Internacional de Cefaléia para ESA. O pico do início da enxaqueca foi entre 10 e 19 anos de idade. A cefaléia era restrita a um lado em 19%. Era exclusivamente bilateral em 9%. A maioria (86,2%) dos pacientes que descreveram cefaléias em um único local localizou-a na área fronto-temporal. Cer...

  18. TCDQ-TCT retraction and losses during asynchronous beam dump

    CERN Document Server

    Bracco, Chiara; Quaranta, Elena; CERN. Geneva. ATS Department

    2016-01-01

    The protection provided by the TCDQs in case of asynchronous beam dump depends strongly on their correct setup. They have to respect the strict hierarchy of the full collimation system and shield the tertiary collimators in the experimental regions. This MD aimed at performing asynchronous beam dump tests with different configurations, in order to assess the minimum allowed retraction between TCTs and TCDQs and, as a consequence, on the The protection provided by the TCDQs in case of asynchronous beam dump depends strongly on their correct setup. They have to respect the strict hierarchy of the full collimation system and shield the tertiary collimators in the experimental regions. This MD aimed at performing asynchronous beam dump tests with different configurations, in order to assess the minimum allowed retraction between TCTs and TCDQs and, as a consequence, on the β* reach.

  19. Pyrotechnic Actuator for Retracting Tubes Between MSL Subsystems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallon, John C.; Webster, Richard G.; Patterson, Keith D.; Orzewalla, Matthew A.; Roberts, Eric T.; Tuszynski, Andrew J.

    2010-01-01

    An apparatus, denoted the "retractuator" (a contraction of "retracting actuator"), was designed to help ensure clean separation between the cruise stage and the entry-vehicle subsystem of the Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) mission. The retractuator or an equivalent mechanism is needed because of tubes that (1) transport a heat-transfer fluid between the stages during flight and (2) are cut immediately prior to separation of the stages retractuator. The role of the retractuator is to retract the tubes, after they are cut and before separation of the subsystem, so that cut ends of the tubes do not damage thermal-protection coats on the entry vehicle and do not contribute to uncertainty of drag and consequent uncertainty in separation velocity.

  20. Adjustable sutures in eyelid surgery for ptosis and lid retraction.

    OpenAIRE

    Collin, J R; O'Donnell, B A

    1994-01-01

    New techniques are described and illustrated for ptosis and lid retraction surgery in which the sutures holding the upper eyelid position are adjustable postoperatively. In the anterior approach, the sutures pass from the levator muscle through the anterior surface of the tarsal plate at the position of the skin crease and are tied at the skin crease incision. In the posterior approach, the sutures pass from the levator muscle through the cut upper edge of the tarsal plate and are tied at the...

  1. Retraction With Face Saving: modelling conversational interaction through dynamic hypermedia

    OpenAIRE

    Baldry, Anthony; Piastra, Marco; Bolognesi, Roberto

    2011-01-01

    This paper describes RWFS (Retraction With Face Saving), a hypermedia application which models an interview between a lawyer and his client - a lorry driver - facing court charges of reckless driving. At one level RWFS takes the form of a sophisticated game in which different outcomes to the interview are possible according to the learner's degree of skill. At another level, RWFS is designed to encourage the language learner's awareness and understanding of the pragmatic features of conversat...

  2. Retractions of the gingival margins evaluated by holographic methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sinescu, Cosmin; Negrutiu, Meda Lavinia; Manole, Marius; de Sabata, Aldo; Rusu, Laura-Cristina; Stratul, Stefan; Dudea, Diana; Dughir, Ciprian; Duma, Virgil-Florin

    2015-05-01

    The periodontal disease is one of the most common pathological states of the teeth and gums system. The issue is that its evaluation is a subjective one, i.e. it is based on the skills of the dental medical doctor. As for any clinical condition, a quantitative evaluation and monitoring in time of the retraction of the gingival margins is desired. This phenomenon was evaluated in this study with a holographic method by using a He-Ne laser with a power of 13 mW. The holographic system we have utilized - adapted for dentistry applications - is described. Several patients were considered in a comparative study of their state of health - regarding their oral cavity. The impressions of the maxillary dental arch were taken from a patient during his/her first visit and after a period of six months. The hologram of the first model was superposed on the model cast after the second visit. The retractions of the gingival margins could be thus evaluated three-dimensionally in every point of interest. An evaluation of the retraction has thus been made. Conclusions can thus be drawn for the clinical evaluation of the health of the teeth and gums system of each patient.

  3. Optimizing Anterior En Masse Retraction with Miniscrew Anchorage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pavankumar Janardan Vibhute

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available In severely protrusive patients, skeletal anchorage from miniscrew is often used to avoid anchorage loss with preferred miniscrew location near centre of resistance (Cres of posterior teeth. Biomechanical requirement for directing retraction force towards Cres of posterior teeth demands the insertion of miniscrew in loose mucosa, where risk of infection and failure increases. In addition, undesirable biomechanical side effects on anterior and posterior segments may be possible in all three planes, when continuous arch sliding mechanics are installed with miniscrew anchorage. This paper describes technique of molar-stabilizing power arm (MSPA for simultaneous intrusion and retraction of anteriors with miniscrew placement at attached gingiva between 1st molar and 2nd premolar. Advantages of this technique include (i the need of miniscrews placement in loose mucosa apically near the Cres of the posterior teeth is eliminated, (ii the risk of infection and miniscrew failure is lowered since the miniscrew is placed in attached gingiva rather than the loose mucosa, and (iii by adjusting vertical length or replacing MSPA, alteration of the retraction force vector is possible in all three planes; thus, need of removal and repositioning of the miniscrew (e.g., in correction of occlusal cant can be eliminated.

  4. Ampullary Adenoma Treated by Endoscopic Double-Snare Retracting Papillectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soma, Hiromitsu; Miyata, Naoteru; Hozawa, Shigenari; Higuchi, Hajime; Yamagishi, Yoshiyuki; Nakamura, Yuji; Saeki, Keita; Kameyama, Kaori; Masugi, Yohei; Yahagi, Naohisa; Kanai, Takanori

    2015-09-23

    We report herein improved methods for the safe and successful completion of endoscopic papillectomy (EP). Between January 2008 and November 2011, 12 patients underwent double-snare retracting papillectomy for the treatment of lesions of the major duodenal papilla. The main outcomes were en bloc resection rates, pathological findings, and adverse events. All of the patients (mean age, 60.1 years; range, 38 to 80 years) were diagnosed with ampullary adenoma by endoscopic forceps biopsies prior to endoscopic snare papillectomy. En bloc resection by double-snare retracting papillectomy was successfully performed for all lesions (median size, 12.3 mm), comprising six tubular adenomas, one tubulovillous adenoma, three cases of epithelial atypia, one hamartomatous polyp, and one case of duodenitis with regenerative change. Significant hemorrhage and pancreatitis were observed in one case after EP. Adenoma recurrence occurred in three patients during follow-up (median, 28.5 months) at a mean interval of 2 months postoperatively (range, 1 to 3 months). No serious adverse events were observed. Double-snare retracting papillectomy is effective and feasible for treating lesions of the major duodenal papilla. Further treatment experience, including a single-arm phase II study, needs to be accumulated before conducting a randomized controlled study. PMID:26087781

  5. Optimizing anterior en masse retraction with miniscrew anchorage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vibhute, Pavankumar Janardan

    2011-01-01

    In severely protrusive patients, skeletal anchorage from miniscrew is often used to avoid anchorage loss with preferred miniscrew location near centre of resistance (Cres) of posterior teeth. Biomechanical requirement for directing retraction force towards Cres of posterior teeth demands the insertion of miniscrew in loose mucosa, where risk of infection and failure increases. In addition, undesirable biomechanical side effects on anterior and posterior segments may be possible in all three planes, when continuous arch sliding mechanics are installed with miniscrew anchorage. This paper describes technique of molar-stabilizing power arm (MSPA) for simultaneous intrusion and retraction of anteriors with miniscrew placement at attached gingiva between 1st molar and 2nd premolar. Advantages of this technique include (i) the need of miniscrews placement in loose mucosa apically near the Cres of the posterior teeth is eliminated, (ii) the risk of infection and miniscrew failure is lowered since the miniscrew is placed in attached gingiva rather than the loose mucosa, and (iii) by adjusting vertical length or replacing MSPA, alteration of the retraction force vector is possible in all three planes; thus, need of removal and repositioning of the miniscrew (e.g., in correction of occlusal cant) can be eliminated. PMID:22567438

  6. Type-IV Pilus Deformation Can Explain Retraction Behavior

    CERN Document Server

    Ghosh, Ranajay; Vaziri, Ashkan

    2014-01-01

    Polymeric filament like type IV Pilus (TFP) can transfer forces in excess of 100pN during their retraction before stalling, powering surface translocation(twitching). Single TFP level experiments have shown remarkable nonlinearity in the retraction behavior influenced by the external load as well as levels of PilT molecular motor protein. This includes reversal of motion near stall forces when the concentration of the PilT protein is lowered significantly. In order to explain this behavior, we analyze the coupling of TFP elasticity and interfacial behavior with PilT kinetics. We model retraction as reaction controlled and elongation as transport controlled process. The reaction rates vary with TFP deformation which is modeled as a compound elastic body consisting of multiple helical strands under axial load. Elongation is controlled by monomer transport which suffer entrapment due to excess PilT in the cell periplasm. Our analysis shows excellent agreement with a host of experimental observations and we prese...

  7. Magnetic resonance image abnormality in migraine with aura

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ziegler, D.K.; Batnitzky, S.; Barter, R.; McMillan, J.H. (Kansas Univ., Kansas City, KS (United States). Medical Center)

    1991-07-01

    Cerebral magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed on 18 patients with migraine characterized by aura consisting of both visual symtoms and parasthesias. 15 headache-free individuals of the same age range were used as controls. Records were radomized and read in blind fashion by two neuroradiologists. Small subcortical white matter lesions were seen in three migraine cases and two controls. In one migraine case cortical infarctions were seen. In two controls, small areas of increased density similar to those in migraine were seen. No consistent correlation of migraine or its duration with cerebral atrophy was found. It is concluded that identification of both these MRI findings (small subcortical white lesions and cerebral atrophy) as significantly associated with migraine is doubtful. 21 refs., 2 figs.

  8. Magnetic resonance image abnormality in migraine with aura

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cerebral magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed on 18 patients with migraine characterized by aura consisting of both visual symtoms and parasthesias. 15 headache-free individuals of the same age range were used as controls. Records were radomized and read in blind fashion by two neuroradiologists. Small subcortical white matter lesions were seen in three migraine cases and two controls. In one migraine case cortical infarctions were seen. In two controls, small areas of increased density similar to those in migraine were seen. No consistent correlation of migraine or its duration with cerebral atrophy was found. It is concluded that identification of both these MRI findings (small subcortical white lesions and cerebral atrophy) as significantly associated with migraine is doubtful. 21 refs., 2 figs

  9. History of migraine with aura and cortical spreading depression from 1941 and onwards

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tfelt-Hansen, P C

    2010-01-01

    visual cortex. Leão described cortical spreading depression (CSD) in rabbits in 1944 and noticed its similarity to the migraine aura. Despite these scattered pieces of evidence, the prevailing theory was that the migraine aura was caused by a vasospasm and cortical ischaemia. The advent of a technique...... crossing borders of supply of major cerebral arteries. These observations refuted the ischaemic hypothesis. The human studies showed initial hyperaemia followed by prolonged hypoperfusion. The relation between aura and CSD was known to cause short-lasting, and therefore not obvious vasodilation and it was...

  10. Cooperative retraction of bundled type IV pili enables nanonewton force generation.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolas Biais

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available The causative agent of gonorrhea, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, bears retractable filamentous appendages called type IV pili (Tfp. Tfp are used by many pathogenic and nonpathogenic bacteria to carry out a number of vital functions, including DNA uptake, twitching motility (crawling over surfaces, and attachment to host cells. In N. gonorrhoeae, Tfp binding to epithelial cells and the mechanical forces associated with this binding stimulate signaling cascades and gene expression that enhance infection. Retraction of a single Tfp filament generates forces of 50-100 piconewtons, but nothing is known, thus far, on the retraction force ability of multiple Tfp filaments, even though each bacterium expresses multiple Tfp and multiple bacteria interact during infection. We designed a micropillar assay system to measure Tfp retraction forces. This system consists of an array of force sensors made of elastic pillars that allow quantification of retraction forces from adherent N. gonorrhoeae bacteria. Electron microscopy and fluorescence microscopy were used in combination with this novel assay to assess the structures of Tfp. We show that Tfp can form bundles, which contain up to 8-10 Tfp filaments, that act as coordinated retractable units with forces up to 10 times greater than single filament retraction forces. Furthermore, single filament retraction forces are transient, whereas bundled filaments produce retraction forces that can be sustained. Alterations of noncovalent protein-protein interactions between Tfp can inhibit both bundle formation and high-amplitude retraction forces. Retraction forces build over time through the recruitment and bundling of multiple Tfp that pull cooperatively to generate forces in the nanonewton range. We propose that Tfp retraction can be synchronized through bundling, that Tfp bundle retraction can generate forces in the nanonewton range in vivo, and that such high forces could affect infection.

  11. HIRDLS/Aura Level 3 Water Vapor (H2O) Zonal Fourier Coefficients V007

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The "HIRDLS/Aura Level 3 Water Vapor (H2O) Zonal Fourier Coefficients" version 7 data product (H3ZFCH2O) contains the entire mission (~3 years) of HIRDLS data...

  12. HIRDLS/Aura Level 3 Dinitrogen Pentoxide (N2O5) Zonal Fourier Coefficients V007

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The "HIRDLS/Aura Level 3 Dinitrogen Pentoxide (N2O5) Zonal Fourier Coefficients" version 7 data product (H3ZFCN2O) contains the entire mission (~3 years) of HIRDLS...

  13. HIRDLS/Aura Level 3 Nitric Acid (HNO3) Zonal Fourier Coefficients V007

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The "HIRDLS/Aura Level 3 Nitric Acid (HNO3) Zonal Fourier Coefficients" version 7 data product (H3ZFCHNO3) contains the entire mission (~3 years) of HIRDLS data...

  14. HIRDLS/Aura Level 3 Chlorofluorocarbon-12 (CFC-12) Zonal Fourier Coefficients V007

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The "HIRDLS/Aura Level 3 Chlorofluorocarbon-12 (CFC-12) Zonal Fourier Coefficients" version 7 data product (H3ZFCCFC12) contains the entire mission (~3 years) of...

  15. HIRDLS/Aura Level 3 Chlorofluorocarbon-11 (CFC-11) Zonal Fourier Coefficients V007

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The "HIRDLS/Aura Level 3 Chlorofluorocarbon-11 (CFC-11) Zonal Fourier Coefficients" version 7 data product (H3ZFCCFC11) contains the entire mission (~3 years) of...

  16. HIRDLS/Aura Level 3 Extinction at 8.3 Microns Zonal Fourier Coefficients V007

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The "HIRDLS/Aura Level 3 Extinction at 8.3 Microns Zonal Fourier Coefficients" version 7 data product (H3ZFC8MEXT) contains the entire mission (~3 years) of HIRDLS...

  17. HIRDLS/Aura Level 3 Geopotential Height Zonal Fourier Coefficients V007

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The "HIRDLS/Aura Level 3 Geopotential Height Zonal Fourier Coefficients" version 7 data product (H3ZFCGPH) contains the entire mission (~3 years) of HIRDLS data...

  18. HIRDLS/Aura Level 3 Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2) Zonal Fourier Coefficients V007

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The "HIRDLS/Aura Level 3 Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2) Zonal Fourier Coefficients" version 7 data product (H3ZFCNO2) contains the entire mission (~3 years) of HIRDLS data...

  19. Visualization, Analysis and Subsetting Tools for EOS Aura Data Products in HDF-EOS5

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, J.; Ahmad, S.; Gopalan, A.; Smith, P.; Leptoukh, G.; Kempler, S.

    2004-01-01

    Aura data products are among the first to use the new version 5 of the Hierarchical Data Format for the Earth Observing System, or HDF-EOS5. This presentation discusses the common HDF-EOS5 file layout that is adopted for most of the EOS Aura standard data products. Details of the various tools that can be used to access, visualize and subset these data will also be provided. Aura, the NASA Earth Observing System's atmospheric chemistry mission, was successfully launched July 15, 2004. The Aura spacecraft includes four instruments: the High Resolution Dynamics Limb Sounder (HIRDLS), the Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS), the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI), and the Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer (TES). Data from the HIRDLS, MLS and OMI will be archived at the NASA Goddard Earth Sciences (GES) Distributed Active Archive Center (DAAC), while TES data will be archived at the NASA Langley Research Center DAAC. For more information see http://daac.gsfc.nasa.gov/.

  20. EOS Aura Mission Status at Earth Science Constellation MOWG Meeting @ LASP (Boulder, CO) April 13, 2016

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guit, William J.; Fisher, Dominic

    2016-01-01

    Presentation reflects EOS Aura mission status, spacecraft subsystems summary, recent and planned activities, inclination adjust maneuvers, propellant usage, orbit maintenance maneuvers, conjunction assessment events, orbital parameters trends and predictions.

  1. In Vivo Investigation of the Effectiveness of a Hyper-viscoelastic Model in Simulating Brain Retraction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Ping; Wang, Weiwei; Zhang, Chenxi; An, Yong; Song, Zhijian

    2016-01-01

    Intraoperative brain retraction leads to a misalignment between the intraoperative positions of the brain structures and their previous positions, as determined from preoperative images. In vitro swine brain sample uniaxial tests showed that the mechanical response of brain tissue to compression and extension could be described by the hyper-viscoelasticity theory. The brain retraction caused by the mechanical process is a combination of brain tissue compression and extension. In this paper, we first constructed a hyper-viscoelastic framework based on the extended finite element method (XFEM) to simulate intraoperative brain retraction. To explore its effectiveness, we then applied this framework to an in vivo brain retraction simulation. The simulation strictly followed the clinical scenario, in which seven swine were subjected to brain retraction. Our experimental results showed that the hyper-viscoelastic XFEM framework is capable of simulating intraoperative brain retraction and improving the navigation accuracy of an image-guided neurosurgery system (IGNS). PMID:27387301

  2. In Vivo Investigation of the Effectiveness of a Hyper-viscoelastic Model in Simulating Brain Retraction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Ping; Wang, Weiwei; Zhang, Chenxi; An, Yong; Song, Zhijian

    2016-07-01

    Intraoperative brain retraction leads to a misalignment between the intraoperative positions of the brain structures and their previous positions, as determined from preoperative images. In vitro swine brain sample uniaxial tests showed that the mechanical response of brain tissue to compression and extension could be described by the hyper-viscoelasticity theory. The brain retraction caused by the mechanical process is a combination of brain tissue compression and extension. In this paper, we first constructed a hyper-viscoelastic framework based on the extended finite element method (XFEM) to simulate intraoperative brain retraction. To explore its effectiveness, we then applied this framework to an in vivo brain retraction simulation. The simulation strictly followed the clinical scenario, in which seven swine were subjected to brain retraction. Our experimental results showed that the hyper-viscoelastic XFEM framework is capable of simulating intraoperative brain retraction and improving the navigation accuracy of an image-guided neurosurgery system (IGNS).

  3. Surgical management of retraction pockets of the pars tensa with cartilage and perichondrial grafts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spielmann, P; Mills, R

    2006-09-01

    Stable, self-cleansing retraction pockets of the pars tensa are common incidental findings and require no treatment. In other cases, recurrent discharge occurs and there may also be associated conductive hearing loss. In a minority of cases, cholesteatoma may develop. This paper presents the results of surgery using a graft composed of cartilage and perichondrium for retraction pockets involving the posterior half of the tympanic membrane, as well as early results using a larger graft designed to manage retraction of the entire tympanic membrane. Data on 51 patients with posterior retraction pockets are presented. Forty-two (82 per cent) patients had no aural discharge one year following surgery and the tympanic membrane was not retracted in 43 (84 per cent). The larger 'Mercedes-Benz' graft was used in four patients and the results obtained suggested that it may prove a successful technique for extensive retraction pockets. PMID:16740207

  4. Performances in cerebellar and neuromuscular transmission tests are correlated in migraine with aura

    OpenAIRE

    Ambrosini, A; Sándor, P S; De Pasqua, V; Pierelli, F; Schoenen, J.

    2008-01-01

    In previous studies, we described subclinical abnormalities of neuromuscular transmission and cerebellar functions in migraineurs. The aim of this study was to search if these two functions are correlated in the same patient. Thirteen migraineurs [five without aura (MO) and eight with aura (MA)] underwent both stimulation-SFEMG and 3D-movement analysis. Single fiber EMG (SFEMG) results were expressed as the "mean value of consecutive differences" (mean MCD). Precision of arm-reaching movement...

  5. Magnetic suppression of perceptual accuracy is not reduced in episodic migraine without aura

    OpenAIRE

    Rauschel, Veronika; Ruscheweyh, Ruth; Eggert, Thomas; Straube, Andreas

    2014-01-01

    Background: Altered cortical excitability is thought to be part of migraine pathophysiology. Reduced magnetic suppression of perceptual accuracy (MSPA) has been found in episodic migraine with aura and in chronic migraine, and has been interpreted as reduced inhibition of the occipital cortex in these migraine subtypes. Results are less clear for episodic migraine without aura. In the present study we compared MSPA between 24 healthy controls and 22 interictally measured episodic migraine pat...

  6. Biologic targeting in the treatment of inflammatory bowel diseases [Retraction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bosani M

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Bosani M, Ardizzone S, Porro GB. Biologics: Targets and Therapy. 2009;3:77–97.This paper has been retracted after we were made aware that it contains a large amount of reused, and uncited material that was not placed within quotation marks.The following statement has been supplied by Dr Sandro Ardizzone:The review entitled "Biologic targeting in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease" has been commissioned by this journal and published in 2009 (Matteo Bosani, Sandro Ardizzone, Gabriele Bianchi Porro. Biologics: Targets & Therapy 2009;3:77–97. The paper was written by our young coworker (Dr M Bosani. He has consulted many papers, including our previous reviews published years before. The not perfect knowledge of English language has greatly influenced the writing of the paper itself. So he saved in word file several parts of our previous papers (Ardizzone S, Bianchi Porro G. Inflammatory bowel disease: new insights into pathogenesis and treatment. J Intern Med 2002;252:475–496 – Ardizzone S, Bianchi Porro G. Biologic therapy for inflammatory bowel disease. Drugs 2005:2253–2286, and then transferred to the final paper. He was unaware as we are, of the fact that he could not reuse previously published material in other journals. The reuse of this material was made in good faith.Taking our responsibility for what happened, we intend to apologize for this inconvenience to the Editor (Dr Doris Benbrook and Publisher (Dr Tim Hill. Moreover, for the reasons mentioned above, I consider appropriate to retract the paper itself.This retraction relates to this paper.

  7. CASE REPORT How to Repair the Lower Eyelid Retraction, Resulting From the Primary Surgery for Epiblepharon?

    OpenAIRE

    Asamura, Shinichi; Kakizaki, Hirohiko; Matsushima, Seika; Morotomi, Tadaaki; Isogai, Noritaka

    2013-01-01

    Objective: Among the surgical procedures used to correct the positions of the eyelids or improve their cosmetic appearance, procedures for treating eyelid retraction are some of the most challenging. Lower eyelid retraction can occur iatrogenically after various surgical procedures. We performed a successful corrective procedure for lower eyelid retraction, which had occurred at some point in the 2 decades after primary surgery for epiblepharon. Method: A 23-year-old woman underwent primary s...

  8. Space-time Geodesics of the 5D Schwarzschild field and its deformation retract

    CERN Document Server

    Ahmed, Nasr

    2014-01-01

    In this article we introduce some types of the deformtion retracts of the $5D$ Schwarzchild space making use of Lagrangian equations. The retraction of this space into itself and into geodesics has been presented. The relation between folding and deformation retract of this space has been achieved. A relation for energy conservation similar to the one obtained in four dimensions has been obtained for the five dimensional case.

  9. Simultaneous Occurrence of Duane Retraction Syndrome with Marfan Syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihir Kothari

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Marfan syndrome (MFS is an autosomal dominant disorder of connective tissue, while Duane retraction syndrome (DRS is a congenital cranial dysinnervation disorder (CCDD which can be transmitted as autosomal dominant disorder in 5–10% of patients. In this paper, we present an 8-year-old girl who presented with left eye DRS and bilateral subluxation of the lens associated with MFS in absence of familial involvement. To our knowledge this is the first case report of DRS with MFS. The occurrence of these syndromes together is very rare and appears to be coincidental.

  10. Correction of Alar Retraction Based on Frontal Classification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Jae Hoon; Song, Jin Woo; Park, Sung Wan; Bartlett, Erica; Nguyen, Anh H

    2015-11-01

    Among the various types of alar deformations in Asians, alar retraction not only has the highest occurrence rate, but is also very complicated to treat because the ala is supported only by cartilage and its soft tissue envelope cannot be easily stretched. As patients' knowledge of aesthetic procedures is becoming more extensive due to increased information dissemination through various media, doctors must give more accurate, logical explanations of the procedures to be performed and their anticipated results, with an emphasis on relevant anatomical features, accurate diagnoses, detailed classifications, and various appropriate methods of surgery. PMID:26648808

  11. A Decade of Volcanic Observations from Aura and the A-Train

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carn, Simon A.; Krotkov, Nickolay Anatoly; Yang, Kai; Krueger, Arlin J.; Hughes, Eric J.; Wang, Jun; Flower, Verity; Telling, Jennifer

    2014-01-01

    Aura observations have made many seminal contributions to volcanology. Prior to the Aura launch, satellite observations of volcanic degassing (e.g., from TOMS) were mostly restricted to large eruptions. However, the vast majority of volcanic gases are released during quiescent 'passive' degassing between eruptions. The improved sensitivity of Aura OMI permitted the first daily, space-borne measurements of passive volcanic SO2 degassing, providing improved constraints on the source locations and magnitude of global SO2 emissions for input to atmospheric chemistry and climate models. As a result of this unique sensitivity to volcanic activity, OMI data were also the first satellite SO2 measurements to be routinely used for volcano monitoring at several volcano observatories worldwide. Furthermore, the Aura OMI SO2 data also offer unprecedented sensitivity to volcanic clouds in the UTLS, elucidating the transport, fate and lifetime of volcanic SO2 and providing critical input to aviation hazard mitigation efforts. Another major advance has been the improved vertical resolution of volcanic clouds made possible by synergy between Aura and other A-Train instruments (e.g., AIRS, CALIPSO, CloudSat), advanced UV SO2 altitude retrievals, and inverse trajectory modeling of detailed SO2 cloud maps. This altitude information is crucial for climate models and aviation hazards. We will review some of the highlights of a decade of Aura observations of volcanic activity and look ahead to the future of volcanic observations from space.

  12. Numerical study of the stopping of aura during migraine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moussa A.

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This work is devoted to the study of migraine with aura in the human brain. Following [6], we class migraine as a propagation of a wave of depolarization through the cells. The mathematical model used, based on a reaction-diffusion equation, is briefly presented. The equation is considered in a duct containing a bend, in order to model one of the numerous circumvolutions of the brain. For a wide set of parameters, one can establish the existence of a critical radius below which the wave stops. The approximation scheme used for the simulations is first described and then a numerical study is realized, precising the dependence of the critical radius with respect to the different parameters of the model. Ce travail est consacré à l’étude de l’évolution d’une migraine avec aura dans le cerveau humain. Suivant [6], nous assimilons la migraine à une onde de dépolarisation attaquant les cellules du cerveau. Le modèle mathématique retenu, basé sur une équation de réaction-diffusion, est brièvement rappelé. Le domaine d’espace utilisé est constitué d’un conduit présentant un coude, afin de représenter l’une des nombreuses circonvolutions cérébrales. Pour une importante classe de paramètres, il est possible de mettre en évidence l’existence d’un rayon critique au delà duquel le front d’onde n’arrive pas à dépasser le coude. Après une description du schéma d’approximation utilisé, une étude numérique a été réalisée, visant à préciser la dépendance du rayon critique en fonction des différents paramètres du modèle.

  13. Temperamental characteristics in childhood migraine without aura: a multicenter study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esposito M

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Maria Esposito,1 Rosa Marotta,2 Beatrice Gallai,3 Lucia Parisi,4 Giuseppina Patriciello,1 Serena Marianna Lavano,2 Giovanni Mazzotta,5 Michele Roccella,4 Marco Carotenuto11Center for Childhood Headache, Clinic of Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry, Department of Mental Health, Physical and Preventive Medicine, Second University of Naples, Naples, Italy; 2Department of Psychiatry, "Magna Graecia" University of Catanzaro, Catanzaro, Italy; 3Unit of Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy; 4Child Neuropsychiatry, Department of Psychology, University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy; 5Unit of Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry, AUSL Umbria 2, Terni, ItalyBackground: Children with migraine seem to be more anxious, sensitive, deliberate, cautious, fearful, vulnerable to frustration, tidy, and less physically enduring than comparisons. To the best our knowledge no studies about the temperamental and the characterial dimension aspects in childhood migraine was conducted. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to describe the temperamental and character aspects in a sample of children affected by migraine without aura (MoA and their relationship with clinical aspects of MoA such as frequency, duration, and severity of attacks.Materials and methods: In our study, 486 children affected by MoA (239 male, 247 female aged 7–12 years, (mean 10.04 ± 2.53 years and 518 typical developing children comparable for age (P = 0.227 and sex (P = 0.892 were enrolled to assess their temperamental characteristics. The mothers of all subjects filled out the Junior Temperament and Character Inventory: Parent Version.Results: Children affected by migraine show a higher prevalence of harm avoidance and persistence temperamental domains (P < 0.001 and significantly lower prevalence of the self-directedness character trait (P = 0.023 with respect to the comparisons, according to Cloninger's model. The Spearman rank correlation analysis

  14. Effects of tonabersat on migraine with aura: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled crossover study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hauge, Anne Werner; Asghar, Mohammad Sohail; Schytz, Henrik W;

    2009-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Migraine with aura is thought likely to be caused by cortical spreading depression (CSD). Tonabersat inhibits CSD, and we therefore investigated whether tonabersat has a preventive effect in migraine with aura. METHODS: In this randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled crossover...... significantly different between placebo and tonabersat groups (3.0 days in each group; p=0.09). Tonabersat was well tolerated but overall had more side-effects than placebo. INTERPRETATION: Tonabersat showed a preventive effect on attacks of migraine aura but no efficacy on non-aura attacks, in keeping with its...... trial, 40 mg tonabersat once daily was compared with matched placebo in patients who had at least one aura attack per month during the past 3 months. Randomisation was by computer-generated list. Patients kept a detailed diary to enable objective diagnosis of each attack as migraine with aura, migraine...

  15. Retraction Assembly for Space Shuttle Extended Nose Landing Gear

    Science.gov (United States)

    Files, Bradley S.; Nicholson, Leonard S. (Technical Monitor)

    2000-01-01

    As part of a project to encourage the use of shape memory alloy actuators for space actuators, this mechanism uses a nitinol ribbon to provide the necessary motion to help retract the proposed extended nose landing gear (ENLG) for the space shuttle. Initial proof-of-concept design of the ENLG did not include the ability to retract the gear automatically. One proposed actuator for this purpose was designed at Johnson Space Center and uses resistive heating to rotate the ribbon around a cylinder. This rotation then allows the assembly to pull down a wedge that is used to hold the landing gear strut in place, thus returning the landing gear to its previous height before extension. The presentation will follow the design of this assembly from working with the nitinol ribbon to providing mechanical connections and allowing minimal friction for motion of three wraps around a cylinder. Also to be presented is preliminary work on design of a shape memory alloy gripper, a design project to demonstrate uses of NiTi.

  16. Soliton-Like Pulses in Vertical Granular Chain Under Gravity: Particle-Like or Wave-Like?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XU Ai-Guo; HONG Jongbae

    2001-01-01

    We numerically study the propagation, reflection and collision of soliton-like pulses in the vertical granular chain under gravity. For the pure granular chain system, during the propagation and reflection processes at the fixed end, it behaves like a particle. When it is reflected at the free end, it behaves as neither particle-like nor wave-like.When the strengths of the two colliding soliton-like pulses are close, they collide just like particles. When their strengths are greatly different, they collide just like waves. For the soliton behavior in the collision process, from particle-like to wave-like, there is a critical value θC for the ratio θ of the strengths of the two initial pulses. For the two-layer granular chain, if the mass of the grains in the second layeris less than that in the first layer, the soliton-like pulse in the first layer usually excites about [1/m] soliton-like pulses in the second layer.``

  17. Observations of volcanic SO2 from MLS on Aura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. C. Pumphrey

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Sulfur dioxide (SO2 is an important atmospheric constituent, particularly in the aftermath of volcanic eruptions. These events can inject large amounts of SO2 into the lower stratosphere, where it is oxidised to form sulfate aerosols; these in turn have a significant effect on the climate. The MLS instrument on the Aura satellite has observed the SO2 mixing ratio in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere from August 2004 to the present, during which time a number of volcanic eruptions have significantly affected those regions of the atmosphere. We describe the MLS SO2 data and how various volcanic events appear in the data. As the MLS SO2 data are currently not validated we take some initial steps towards their validation. First we establish the level of internal consistency between the three spectral regions in which MLS is sensitive to SO2. We compare SO2 column values calculated from MLS data to total column values reported by the OMI instrument. The agreement is good (within about 1 DU in cases where the SO2 is clearly at altitudes above 147 hPa.

  18. Observations of volcanic SO2 from MLS on Aura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. C. Pumphrey

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Sulphur dioxide (SO2 is an important atmospheric constituent, particularly in the aftermath of volcanic eruptions. These events can inject large amounts of SO2 into the lower stratosphere, where it is oxidised to form sulphate aerosols; these in turn have a significant effect on the climate. The MLS instrument on the Aura satellite has observed the SO2 mixing ratio in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere from August 2004 to the present, during which time a number of volcanic eruptions have significantly affected those regions of the atmosphere. We describe the MLS SO2 data and how various volcanic events appear in the data. As the MLS SO2 data are currently not validated we take some initial steps towards their validation. First we establish the level of internal consistency between the three spectral regions in which MLS is sensitive to SO2. We compare SO2 column values calculated from MLS data to total column values reported by the OMI instrument. The agreement is good in cases where the SO2 is clearly at altitudes above 147 hPa.

  19. The clinical presentation and diagnosis of epileptic autonomic auras

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Revditovna Kremenchugskaya

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: to refine the pattern of clinical manifestations of epileptic autonomic auras (EAA and to reveal clinical, electroencephalographic, and neuroimaging ratios. Patients and methods. Eighteen patients (8, 41% men and 10, 59% women aged 9 to 27years (mean 18±5years were examined. The examination encompassed analysis of history data, clinical and neurological studies, long-term video-assisted electroencephalographic monitoring, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI of the brain. Results. In most patients (n = 12, 67%, the symptoms of EAA corresponded to the criteria for abdominal one. In the other patients, the clinical manifestations resembled autonomic paroxysms as attacks of panic. Interictal pathological changes on an electroencephalogram (EEG were present in the frontal, temporal, and frontotemporal regions in 4 (22%, 6 (33%, and 7 (39% patients, respectively, as well as in both the left and right hemispheres without significant differences. Pathological EEG changes were not found in one case. MRI detected that 13 (72% patients had structural changes that were potentially eliptogenic. Conclusion. The clinical symptoms of EAA give information on the site of a primary pathological focus. It is necessary to differentiate EAA from non-epileptic paroxysmal states. The autonomic phenomena of epileptic genesis help study the functional organizations of the autonomic nervous system.

  20. Características clínicas da enxaqueca sem aura Clinical characteristics of migraine without aura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LUIZ PAULO DE QUEIROZ

    1998-03-01

    Full Text Available Um estudo aprofundado das características clínicas da enxaqueca sem aura (ESA revela alguns dados interessantes. Um questionário foi respondido por 200 pacientes que preenchiam os critérios da Sociedade Internacional de Cefaléia para ESA. O pico do início da enxaqueca foi entre 10 e 19 anos de idade. A cefaléia era restrita a um lado em 19%. Era exclusivamente bilateral em 9%. A maioria (86,2% dos pacientes que descreveram cefaléias em um único local localizou-a na área fronto-temporal. Cervicalgia estava associada aos ataques de enxaqueca em 70,5% e dor facial em 73,5%. O caráter latejante foi notado por 81%. Todos os pacientes descreveram a cefaléia como moderada a severa. Somente 55% disseram que a dor era agravada por atividades físicas rotineiras. Náusea ocorreu em 91%, foto e fonofobia em 77% e vômitos em 50%. Este olhar detalhado na ESA demonstra a grande complexidade dos seus sintomas.A detailed study of the clinical characteristics of migraine without aura (MOA reveals some interesting data. A questionnaire was returned by 200 patients who met the International Headache Society criteria for MOA. The peak of onset of migraine was between 10 and 19 years of age. The headache was side-locked in 19%. It was exclusively bilateral in 9%. The majority (86.2% of the patients who described headaches in only one site located them in the fronto-temporal area. Neck pain was associated with migraine attacks in 70.5% and face pain in 73.5%. A pounding quality was noted by 81%. Every patient described the headache as moderate to severe. Only 55% stated that it was aggravated by routine physical activity. Nausea occurred in 91%, photo and phonophobia in 77%, and vomiting in 50%. This close look at MOA uncovers a great complexity of symptoms.

  1. 76 FR 472 - Harmonization of Airworthiness Standards for Transport Category Airplanes-Landing Gear Retracting...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-05

    ... Airworthiness Standards for Transport Category Airplanes--Landing Gear Retracting Mechanisms and Pilot... transport category airplanes on landing gear retracting mechanisms and the pilot compartment view. This... in a stalling maneuver, and would add an additional requirement to keep the landing gear and doors...

  2. 77 FR 1614 - Harmonization of Airworthiness Standards for Transport Category Airplanes-Landing Gear Retracting...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-11

    ... Register on January 5, 2011 (76 FR 472). The NPRM proposed to amend the standards for landing gear... Transport Category Airplanes--Landing Gear Retracting Mechanisms and Pilot Compartment View AGENCY: Federal... the airworthiness standards for transport category airplanes on landing gear retracting mechanisms...

  3. Magnetic Retraction of Bowel by Intraluminal Injectable Cyanoacrylate-Based Magnetic Glue

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhigang Wang

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Magnetic retraction offers advantages over physical retraction by graspers because of reduced tissue trauma. The objectives of this study are to investigate a novel method of magnetisation of bowel segments by intraluminal injection of magnetic glue and to demonstrate the feasibility of magnetic retraction of bowel with sufficient force during minimal access surgery. Following an initial materials characterisation study, selected microparticles of stainless steel (SS410-μPs were mixed with chosen cyanoacrylate glue (Loctite 4014. During intraluminal injection of the magnetic glue using ex vivo porcine colonic segments, a magnetic probe placed at the injected site ensured that the SS410-μPs aggregated during glue polymerisation to form an intraluminal mucosally adherent coagulum. The magnetised colonic segments were retracted by magnetic probes (5 and 10 mm placed external to the bowel wall. A tensiometer was used to record the retraction force. With an injected volume of 2 mL in a particle concentration of 1 g/mL, this technique produced maximal magnetic retraction forces of 2.24 ± 0.23 N and 5.11 ± 0.34 N (, with use of 5 and 10 mm probes, respectively. The results indicate that the formation of an intraluminal coagulum based on SS410-μPs and Loctite 4014 produces sufficient magnetic retraction for bowel retraction.

  4. Acquisition of operant behavior in rats with delayed reinforcement: A retractable-lever procedure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McNamara, Andrew A; Johnson, Lyndsey E; Tate, Christopher; Chiang, Thomas; Byrne, Tom

    2015-02-01

    Experimentally naïve rats acquired lever pressing with delayed reinforcement when the immediate programmed consequence for lever pressing was the simultaneous retraction of two identical levers. Presses on one lever also produced access to sweetened condensed milk after a delay of 10s following retraction. Presses on the second lever resulted in retraction only. Lever retraction prevented the possibility of adventitious reinforcement of contacting the operanda during the reinforcement delays. Several measures indicated that the delayed reinforcers strengthened behavior. The majority of responses for all rats were on the lever that initiated reinforcer delivery. Responding for seven out of eight rats decreased during a subsequent extinction phase in which retraction was the only consequence arranged for lever pressing. Responding recovered rapidly when food reinforcement was available again. Furthermore, when contingencies on the two levers were switched, rats allocated their behavior accordingly, showing control by the delayed reinforcers. PMID:25464338

  5. Assessment of brain retraction injury from tumor operation with 99Tcm-ECD brain SPECT imaging

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To evaluate the rCBF of brain retraction injury by 99Tcm-ECD SPECT imaging. Methods: The 99Tcm-ECD SPECT brain imaging was performed in 21 patients with brain tumor before and after operation. To compare the rCBF of peripheral tumor region with that of retraction injury region by semi-quantitative analysis. The rCBF levels of the central and peripheral areas of brain retraction injury were also studied. Results: Both the peripheral tumor region before operation and retraction region after operation were ischemic, but the difference between them was significant (P99Tcm-ECD SPECT brain imaging is a useful technique in detecting retraction injury come from brain tumor operation

  6. A General Version of the Retract Method for Discrete Equations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Josef DIBL(I)K; Irena R(U)(Z)I(C)KOV(A); Miroslava R(U)(Z)I(C)KOV(A)

    2007-01-01

    We study a problem concerning the compulsory behavior of the solutions of systems of iscrete equations u(k + 1) = F(k, u(k)), k ∈ N(a) = {a, a + 1, a + 2, ...}, a ∈ N, N = {0, 1, ...} and : N(a)×Rn → Rn. A general principle for the existence of at least one solution with graph staying for very k ∈ N(a) in a previously prescribed domain is formulated. Such solutions are defined by means f the corresponding initial data and their existence is proved by means of retract type approach. For he development of this approach a notion of egress type points lying on the defined boundary of a iven domain and with respect to the system considered is utilized. Unlike previous investigations,the boundary can contain points which are not points of egress type, too. Examples are inserted to llustrate the obtained result.

  7. Attachment styles in children affected by migraine without aura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esposito M

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Maria Esposito,1 Lucia Parisi,2 Beatrice Gallai,3 Rosa Marotta,4 Anna Di Dona,1 Serena Marianna Lavano,2 Michele Roccella,4 Marco Carotenuto11Center for Childhood Headache, Clinic of Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry, Department of Mental Health, Physical and Preventive Medicine, Second University of Naples, Naples, Italy; 2Child Neuropsychiatry, Department of Psychology, University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy; 3Unit of Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy; 4Department of Psychiatry, The Magna Graecia University of Catanzaro, Catanzaro, ItalyBackground: In recent years, great attention has been given to the presence of psychological problems and psychiatric comorbidity that are also present in children affected by primary headaches. The relationship between pain and attachment has been identified, and it may be that pain perception may change in relation with specific attachment styles. The aim of the present study was to assess the prevalent attachment style and verify its putative relationship and correlation with the main characteristics of migraine attacks, in school-aged children affected by migraine without aura (MoA.Materials and methods: The study population consisted of 219 children (103 males, 116 females aged between 6 and 11 years (mean 8.96 ± 2.14 years, consecutively referred for MoA compared with 381 healthy controls (174 males, 207 females; mean age 9.01 ± 1.75 years randomly selected from schools. All the children were classified according to the attachment typologies of the Italian modified version of the Separation Anxiety Test; monthly headache frequency and mean headache duration were assessed from daily headache diaries kept by all the children. Headache intensity was assessed on a visual analogue scale. The chi-square test and t-test, where appropriate, were applied, and the Spearman rank correlation test was applied to explore the relationship between the types of attachment

  8. Exploiting Aura OMI Level 2 Data with High Resolution Visualization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, J. C.; Yang, W.; Johnson, J. E.; Zhao, P.; Gerasimov, I. V.; Pham, L.; Vicente, G. A.; Shen, S.

    2014-12-01

    Satellite data products are important for a wide variety of applications that can bring far-reaching benefits to the science community and the broader society. These benefits can best be achieved if the satellite data are well utilized and interpreted, such as model inputs from satellite, or extreme event (such as volcano eruption, dust storm, …etc) interpretation from satellite. Unfortunately, this is not always the case, despite the abundance and relative maturity of numerous satellite data products provided by NASA and other organizations. One way to help users better understand the satellite data is to provide data along with 'Images', including accurate pixel-level (Level 2) information, pixel coverage area delineation, and science team recommended quality screening for individual geophysical parameters. Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center (GES DISC) always strives to best support (i.e., Software-as-a-service, SaaS) the user-community for NASA Earth Science Data. In this case, we will present a new visualization tool that helps users exploiting Aura Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) Level 2 data. This new visualization service utilizes Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) standard-compliant Web Mapping Service (WMS) and Web Coverage Service (WCS) calls in the backend infrastructure. The functionality of the service allows users to select data sources (e.g., multiple parameters under the same measurement, like NO2 and SO2 from OMI Level 2 or same parameter with different methods of aggregation, like NO2 in OMNO2G and OMNO2D products), defining area-of-interest and temporal extents, zooming, panning, overlaying, sliding, and data subsetting and reformatting. The interface will also be able to connect to other OGC WMS and WCS servers, which will greatly enhance its expandability to integrate additional outside data/map sources (such as Global Imagery Browse Services (GIBS)).

  9. Air Quality Research and Applications Using AURA OMi Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhartia, P.K.; Gleason, J.F.; Torres, O.; Levelt, P.; Liu, X.; Ziemke, J.; Chandra, S.; Krotkov, N.

    2007-01-01

    The Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) on EOS Aura is a new generation of satellite remote sensing instrument designed to measure trace gas and aerosol absorption at the UV and blue wavelengths. These measurements are made globally at urban scale resolution with no inter-orbital gaps that make them potentially very useful for air quality research, such as the determination of the sources and processes that affect global and regional air quality, and to develop applications such as air quality forecast. However, the use of satellite data for such applications is not as straight forward as satellite data have been for stratospheric research. There is a need for close interaction between the satellite product developers, in-situ measurement programs, and the air quality research community to overcome some of the inherent difficulties in interpreting data from satellite-based remote sensing instruments. In this talk we will discuss the challenges and opportunities in using OMI products for air quality research and applications. A key conclusion of this work is that to realize the full potential of OMI measurements it will be necessary to combine OMI data with data from instruments such as MLS, MODIS, AIRS, and CALIPSO that are currently flying in the "A-train" satellite constellation. In addition similar data taken by satellites crossing the earth at different local times than the A-train (e.g., the recently MetOp satellite) would need to be processed in a consistent manner to study diurnal variability, and to capture the effects on air quality of rapidly changing events such as wild fires.

  10. Science Objectives of EOS-Aura's Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levelt, P. F.; Veefkind, J. P.; Stammes, P.; Hilsenrath, E.; Bhartia, P. K.; Chance, K. V.; Leppelmeier, G. W.; Maelkki, A.; Bhartia, Pawan (Technical Monitor)

    2002-01-01

    OMI is a UV/VIS nadir solar backscatter spectrograph, which provides near global coverage in one day with a spatial resolution of 13 x 24 sq km. OMI is a new instrument, with a heritage from the European satellite instruments GOME, GOMOS and SCIAMACHY. OMI's unique capabilities for measuring important trace gases with a small footprint and daily global coverage, in conjunction with the other Aura instruments, will make a major contribution to our understanding of stratospheric and tropospheric chemistry and climate change. OMI will measure solar irradiance and Earth radiances in the wavelength range of 270 to 500 nm with spectral resolution of about 0.5 nm and a spectral sampling of about 2-3 per FWHM. From these observations, total columns of O3, NO2, BrO and SO2 will be derived from the back-scattered solar radiance using differential absorption spectroscopy (DOAS). The TOMS total ozone record will also be continued by employing the well established TOMS algorithm. Because of the high accuracy and spatial resolution of the measurements, a good estimate of tropospheric amounts of ozone and NO2 are expected. Ozone profiles will be derived using the optimal estimation method. The spectral aerosol optical depth will be determined from measurements between 340 and 500 nm. This will provide information on aerosol concentration, aerosol size distribution and aerosol type. This wavelength range makes it possible to retrieve aerosol information over both land and sea. OMI observations will also allow retrievals of cloud coverage and cloud heights. From these products, the UV-B flux at the surface can then be derived with high spatial resolution.

  11. Retractable tube design issues in ITER CXRS UPP no. 3

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: ► The retractable tube is located in the upper port plug no. 3 of ITER core charge exchange recombination spectroscopy (cCXRS) that carries the cleaning system of the first mirror. ► Various manufacturing methods were investigated for the proper layout of the tube cooling structure. ► The tube support boundary conditions were examined. ► A flexible compensator element was developed between the floating and structural flange of the tube. -- Abstract: The retractable tube is located in the upper port plug no. 3 of ITER core charge exchange recombination spectroscopy (cCXRS), where it is surrounded by a set of mirrors, diagnostic shielding module (DSM), outer shell, cleaning device and shutter. Accordingly to the recent port plug concept the tube is an optional unit that carries the cleaning system of the first mirror. The cleaning device shall be a compact instrument at the tube head that influences the tube diameter primarily. Independently of the cleaning device the tube cooling channels and its proper support concept has to be developed. Various manufacturing methods are investigated for the proper layout of the tube cooling structure. They are the gun-drilled deep holes, the solid state bonded sheets forming cooling channels between the welded layers, ‘tube-in-tube’ approach. Most of them were analyzed in view of their thermal conditions. The tube support system design is a complex task, that has to take into account several boundary conditions and limitations. The tube must be compatible with the assumed ITER generic installation procedure, withstand the electromagnetic (EM) and thermal loads. Furthermore, the tube has to be exchanged several times during its lifetime. The paper summarizes the tube cooling layout possibilities and the assumptions on its support concepts

  12. Familial hemiplegic migraine locus on 19p13 is involved in the common forms of migraine with and without aura

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A. May (Arne); R.A. Ophoff (Roel); G.M. Terwindt (Gisela); C. Urban; R. van Eijk (Ronald); J. Haan (Joost); H.C. Diener (Hans Christoph); D. Lindhout (Dick); R.R. Frants (Rune); L.A. Sandkuijl (Lodewijk); M.D. Ferrari (Michel)

    1995-01-01

    textabstractMigraine is a common neurological disease of two main types: migraine with aura and migraine without aura. Familial clustering suggests that genetic factors are involved in the etiology of migraine. Recently, a gene for familial hemiplegic migraine, a rare autosomal dominant subtype of m

  13. Interhemispheric differences of fMRI responses to visual stimuli in patients with side-fixed migraine aura

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hougaard, Anders; Amin, Faisal Mohammad; Hoffmann, Michael B; Rostrup, Egill; Larsson, Henrik B W; Asghar, Mohammad Sohail; Larsen, Vibeke Andrée; Olesen, Jes; Ashina, Messoud

    2014-01-01

    Migraine sufferers with aura often report photosensitivity and visual discomfort outside of attacks and many consider bright or flickering light an attack-precipitating factor. The nature of this visual hypersensitivity and its relation to the underlying pathophysiology of the migraine aura is...

  14. Tools and Data Services from the GSFC Earth Sciences DAAC for Aura Science Data Users

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kempler, S.; Johnson, J.; Leptoukh, G.; Ahmad, S.; Pham, L.; Eng, E.; Berrick, S.; Teng, W.; Vollmer, B.

    2004-01-01

    In these times of rapidly increasing amounts of archived data, tools and data services that manipulate data and uncover nuggets of information that potentially lead to scientific discovery are becoming more and more essential. The Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) Earth Sciences (GES) Distributed Active Archive Center (DAAC) has made great strides in facilitating science and applications research by, in consultation with its users, developing innovative tools and data services. That is, as data users become more sophisticated in their research and more savvy with information extraction methodologies, the GES DAAC has been responsive to this evolution. This presentation addresses the tools and data services available and under study at the GES DAAC, applied to the Earth sciences atmospheric data. Now, with the data from NASA's latest Atmospheric Chemistry mission, Aura, being readied for public release, GES DAAC tools, proven successful for past atmospheric science missions such as MODIS, AIRS, TRMM, TOMS, and UARS, provide an excellent basis for similar tools updated for the data from the Aura instruments. GES DAAC resident Aura data sets are from the Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS), Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI), and High Resolution Dynamics Limb Sounder (HIRDLS). Data obtained by these instruments afford researchers the opportunity to acquire accurate and continuous visualization and analysis, customized for Aura data, will facilitate the use and increase the usefulness of the new data. The Aura data, together with other heritage data at the GES DAAC, can potentially provide a long time series of data. GES DAAC tools will be discussed, as well as the GES DAAC Near Archive Data Mining (NADM) environment, the GIOVANNI on-line analysis tool, and rich data search and order services. Information can be found at: http://daac.gsfc.nasa.gov/upperatm/aura/. Additional information is contained in the original extended abstract.

  15. Involvement of myosin light-chain kinase in endothelial cell retraction

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wysolmerski, R.B.; Lagunoff, D. (Saint Louis Univ. School of Medicine, MO (USA))

    1990-01-01

    Permeabilized bovine pulmonary artery endothelial cell monolayers were used to investigate the mechanism of endothelial cell retraction. Postconfluent endothelial cells permeabilized with saponin retracted upon exposure to ATP and Ca{sup 2+}. Retraction was accompanied by thiophosphorylation of 19,000-Da myosin light chains when adenosine 5'-(gamma-({sup 35}S)thio)triphosphate was included in the medium. Both retraction and thiophosphorylation of myosin light chains exhibited a graded quantitative dependence on Ca{sup 2+}. When permeabilized monolayers were extracted in buffer D containing 100 mM KCl and 30 mM MgCl2 for 30 min, the cells failed to retract upon exposure to ATP and Ca{sup 2+}, and no thiophosphorylation of myosin light chains occurred. The ability both to retract and to thiophosphorylate myosin light chains was restored by the addition to the permeabilized, extracted cells of myosin light-chain kinase and calmodulin together but not by either alone. These studies indicate that endothelial cell retraction, as does smooth muscle contraction, depends on myosin light-chain kinase phosphorylation of myosin light chains.

  16. Electromagnetic panel deployment and retraction using the geomagnetic field in LEO satellite missions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inamori, Takaya; Sugawara, Yoshiki; Satou, Yasutaka

    2015-12-01

    Increasingly, spacecraft are installed with large-area structures that are extended and deployed post-launch. These extensible structures have been applied in several missions for power generation, thermal radiation, and solar propulsion. Here, we propose a deployment and retraction method using the electromagnetic force generated when the geomagnetic field interacts with electric current flowing on extensible panels. The panels are installed on a satellite in low Earth orbit. Specifically, electrical wires placed on the extensible panels generate magnetic moments, which interfere with the geomagnetic field. The resulting repulsive and retraction forces enable panel deployment and retraction. In the proposed method, a satellite realizes structural deployment using simple electrical wires. Furthermore, the satellite can achieve not only deployment but also retraction for avoiding damage from space debris and for agile attitude maneuvers. Moreover, because the proposed method realizes quasi-static deployment and the retraction of panels by electromagnetic forces, low impulsive force is exerted on fragile panels. The electrical wires can also be used to detect the panel deployment and retraction and generate a large magnetic moment for attitude control. The proposed method was assessed in numerical simulations based on multibody dynamics. Simulation results shows that a small cubic satellite with a wire current of 25 AT deployed 4 panels (20 cm × 20 cm) in 500 s and retracted 4 panels in 100 s.

  17. Migraine with aura is associated with an incomplete circle of willis: results of a prospective observational study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brett Cucchiara

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence of an incomplete circle of Willis in patients with migraine with aura, migraine without aura, and control subjects, and correlate circle of Willis variations with alterations in cerebral perfusion. METHODS: Migraine with aura, migraine without aura, and control subjects were prospectively enrolled in a 1∶1∶1 ratio. Magnetic resonance angiography was performed to examine circle of Willis anatomy and arterial spin labeled perfusion magnetic resonance imaging to measure cerebral blood flow. A standardized template rating system was used to categorize circle of Willis variants. The primary pre-specified outcome measure was the frequency of an incomplete circle of Willis. The association between circle of Willis variations and cerebral blood flow was also analyzed. RESULTS: 170 subjects were enrolled (56 migraine with aura, 61 migraine without aura, 53 controls. An incomplete circle of Willis was significantly more common in the migraine with aura compared to control group (73% vs. 51%, p = 0.02, with a similar trend for the migraine without aura group (67% vs. 51%, p = 0.08. Using a quantitative score of the burden of circle of Willis variants, migraine with aura subjects had a higher burden of variants than controls (p = 0.02. Compared to those with a complete circle, subjects with an incomplete circle had greater asymmetry in hemispheric cerebral blood flow (p = 0.05. Specific posterior cerebral artery variants were associated with greater asymmetries of blood flow in the posterior cerebral artery territory. CONCLUSIONS: An incomplete circle of Willis is more common in migraine with aura subjects than controls, and is associated with alterations in cerebral blood flow.

  18. Investigation on sample thickness effect on nuclear material quantification with NRTA for particle-like debris of melted fuel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We have no established methods to quantify the amount of nuclear materials in particle-like debris of melted fuel derived from a nuclear accident such as the one occurred at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant. For this reason, neutron resonance densitometry, combining neutron resonance transmission analysis and neutron resonance capture analysis, is under development. It is expected that such debris have a wide variety of size, shape, and concentration of impurities. Experiments with the Neutron Resonance Transmission Analysis (NRTA) using three Cu metal disk standard samples with different thickness of 0.125 mm, 0.25 mm, and 0.7 mm were made at the Geel Electron LINear Accelerator (GELINA) to investigate sample thickness effect on the transmission analysis. We experimentally derived the areal density for the individual Cu samples with the resonance shape analysis code REFIT, and then compared them with the areal density calculated by mass and area of the samples. It was found that the REFIT-evaluated areal density was consistent with the calculated ones for each sample, within 2%. (author)

  19. Recent progress in research and development on the neutron resonance densitometry for particle-like debris of melted fuel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Neutron resonance densitometry (NRD) has been proposed and is under development to quantify nuclear materials in particle-like debris of melted fuel formed in severe accidents of nuclear reactors such as Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plants. NRD is a method combining neutron resonance transmission analysis (NRTA) and neutron resonance capture analysis (NRCA). It relies on neutron time-of-flight (TOF) technique using a pulsed white neutron source. NRTA is used to quantify U and Pu isotopes, and NRCA is used to identify isotopes such as B and Fe expected to be included in debris. The use of a special gamma-ray spectrometer for NRCA and an evaluation of the achievable accuracy are discussed. The discussion is based on results of Monte Carlo simulations combined experimental data from measurements carried out at the TOF facility GELINA in EU/JRC/IRMM. In this contribution, progress made in the development of NRD for the characterization of nuclear materials mixed with highly radioactive nuclides is summarized, together with the basic concept and principles. (author)

  20. MRI findings in Duane's ocular retraction syndrome

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aim: To investigate the innervation pattern of extra-ocular muscles in patients with clinically diagnosed Duane's ocular retraction syndrome (DRS) using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Materials and methods: The study population consisted of 11 patients. Six patients had type I DRS (eight eyes), four patients had type II DRS (five eyes) and one patient had inverse DRS. Images were acquired using a Siemens 3 T MRI system. The type of DRS, corresponding innervation findings, and condition of the affected muscles were evaluated by two experienced neuroradiologists in consensus. Results: All patients with clinically diagnosed DRS type I showed absence of the abducens nerve (CN6), hypoplasia of the superior oblique muscle (SOM), and aberrant innervation of lateral rectus muscle (LRM) by an extra branch of oculomotor nerve (CN3). All patients with type II DRS show dual-innervation of the LRM (by CN6 and an aberrant CN3 branch) and hypoplasia of SOM. The single patient with inverse DRS showed hypoplasia of CN3, the medial rectus muscle (MRM), the inferior rectus muscle (IRM), and the inferior oblique muscle (IOM). Conclusion: Each type of DRS has characteristic MRI appearances. Therefore, MRI is a useful diagnostic tool for the confirmation and classification of suspected cases of DRS

  1. A retractable electron emitter for the creation of unperturbed pure electron plasmas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berkery, John W.; Pedersen, Thomas Sunn; Sampedro, Luis

    2007-01-01

    A retractable electron emitter has been constructed for the creation of unperturbed pure electron plasmas on magnetic surfaces in the Columbia Non-neutral Torus stellarator. The previous method of electron emission using emitters mounted on stationary rods limited the confinement time to 20 ms. A pneumatically driven system that can retract from the magnetic axis to the last closed flux surface in less than 20 ms while filling the surfaces with electrons was designed. The motion of the retractable emitter was modeled with a system of dynamical equations. The measured position versus time of the emitter agrees well with the model and the fastest axis-to-edge retraction was measured to be 20 ms with 40 psig helium gas driving the pneumatic piston.

  2. Pars tensa retraction pockets in children: treatment by excision and ventilation tube insertion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Srinivasan, V; Banhegyi, G; O'Sullivan, G; Sherman, I W

    2000-08-01

    Tympanic membrane retraction pockets involving the pars tensa are not uncommon in clinical practice. Recurrent infections, ossicular erosion and cholesteatoma are the recognized sequelae. The management options include surveillance, medical treatment and surgery. The surgical procedures range from grommet insertion to extensive tympanoplasty procedures. We report our experience with simple excision and grommet insertion, performed in 31 ears in 26 patients as day cases. The follow-up ranged from 8 to 34 months with a mean of 16 months. The procedure was successful in 23 ears (success rate of 74%). Recurrence of retraction occurred in seven ears and in one ear there was a persistent perforation. Age, previous grommet insertion and severity of retraction did not have a statistically significant influence on the final outcome. We conclude that excision and grommet insertion is a simple, safe and efficient procedure for the management of tympanic membrane retraction pockets and can be considered in preference to extensive tympanoplasty. PMID:10971530

  3. Retraction Note: Radiation Sialadenitis Induced by High-dose Radioactive Iodine Therapy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jeong, Shin Young; Lee, Jaetae [Kyungpook National Univ. Hospital, Daegu (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-06-15

    The senior author (J. Lee) and the first author (S. Y. Jeong) have retracted this review article due to misconduct. They have discovered multiple instances of misreferencing and misquotation in the text which raise the concern of potential plagiarism.

  4. Retraction Note: Radiation Sialadenitis Induced by High-dose Radioactive Iodine Therapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The senior author (J. Lee) and the first author (S. Y. Jeong) have retracted this review article due to misconduct. They have discovered multiple instances of misreferencing and misquotation in the text which raise the concern of potential plagiarism

  5. Bilateral inverse Duane′s retraction syndrome-A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chatterjee Pranab

    1991-01-01

    Full Text Available Duane′s retraction syndrome is a well known congenital musculo-facial anomaly. Various explanations have been given for the aetiology of this syndrome. Inverse Duane′s retraction syndrome is a condition with reverse clinical features. Abduction of the affected eye is possible to some extent and is accompanied by retraction of the eyeball, narrowing of the palpebral fissure and pseudoptosis. There may be some restriction of movement on adduction. The primary lesion is suspected to be in the medial rectus muscle. Frequently the muscle is found to be entrapped following trauma to the medial wall of the orbit. A case of bilateral inverse Duane′s retraction syndrome and convergent squint along with left-sided perceptive deafness is reported. As is usually the case there was no structural abnormality or entrapment of the muscle from trauma.

  6. Time-Dependent Response of Polypropylene/Clay Nanocomposites Under Tension and Retraction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Drozdov, Aleksey; Christiansen, Jesper de Claville

    2013-01-01

    Observations are reported in relaxation tests under tension and retraction on polypropylene/clay nanocomposites with various contents of filler. A two-phase constitutive model is developed in cyclic viscoelasticity and viscoplasticity of nanocomposites. Adjustable parameters in the stress...

  7. Migraine without aura is not associated with incomplete circle of Willis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ezzatian-Ahar, Shabnam; Amin, Faisal Mohammad; Obaid, Hayder Ghani;

    2014-01-01

    the prevalence of incomplete circle of Willis in migraineurs and controls. In the present study we compared the prevalence of incomplete circle of Willis in female migraine patients without aura to female healthy non-migraine controls.Using 3-Tesla magnetic resonance angiography we recorded three...

  8. Timing and topography of cerebral blood flow, aura, and headache during migraine attacks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olesen, J; Friberg, L; Olsen, T S; Iversen, Helle Klingenberg; Lassen, N A; Andersen, A R; Karle, A

    1990-01-01

    Ten years of study has resulted in considerable but fragmented knowledge about regional cerebral blood flow in migraine with aura (classic migraine). In the present study, the number of repeatedly studied patients (n = 63) was large enough to determine statistically significant sequences of event...... nociceptors. Bilateral headache caused by a unilateral cerebral disturbance may be explained by recent neuroanatomical and neurophysiological findings....

  9. Intact neurovascular coupling during executive function in migraine without aura: interictal near-infrared spectroscopy study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schytz, H W; Ciftçi, K; Akin, A; Ashina, M; Bolay, H

    2010-01-01

    An altered neurovascular coupling has been proposed in migraine. We aimed to investigate neurovascular coupling during a mental task interictally in patients with migraine without aura (MO) by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). Twelve migraineurs and 12 healthy controls were included. Using NIRS,...

  10. Structural gray matter abnormalities in migraine relate to headache lateralization, but not aura

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hougaard, Anders; Amin, Faisal M; Hoffmann, Michael B;

    2015-01-01

    frequent side-locked MA, i.e. visual aura consistently occurring in the same hemifield. METHODS: We applied a highly sensitive within-patient design to assess anatomical differences with both voxel-based morphometry and surface-based morphometry on a whole-hemisphere level and for specific anatomical...

  11. Highlights from a Decade of OMI-TOMS Total Ozone Observations on EOS Aura

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haffner, David P.; Bhartia, Pawan K.; McPeters, Richard D.; Joiner, Joanna; Ziemke, Jerald R.; Vassilkov, Alexander; Labow, Gordon J.; Chiou, Er-Woon

    2014-01-01

    Total ozone measurements from OMI have been instrumental in meeting Aura science objectives. In the last decade, OMI has extended the length of the TOMS total ozone record to over 35 years to monitor stratospheric ozone recovery. OMI-TOMS total ozone measurements have also been combined synergistically with measurements from other Aura instruments and MLS in particular, which provides vertically resolved information that complements the total O3 mapping capability of OMI. With this combined approach, the EOS Aura platform has produced more accurate and detailed measurements of tropospheric ozone. This has led in turn to greater understanding of the sources and transport of tropospheric ozone as well as its radiative forcing effect. The combined use of OMI and MLS data was also vital to the analysis of the severe Arctic ozone depletion event of 2011. The quality of OMI-TOMS total O3 data used in these studies is the result of several factors: a mature and well-validated algorithm, the striking stability of the OMI instrument, and OMI's hyperspectral capabilities used to derive cloud pressures. The latter has changed how we think about the effects of clouds on total ozone retrievals. We will discuss the evolution of the operational V8.5 algorithm and provide an overview and motivation for V9. After reviewing results and developments of the past decade, we finally highlight how ozone observations from EOS Aura are playing an important role in new ozone mapping missions.

  12. No abnormalities of intrinsic brain connectivity in the interictal phase of migraine with aura

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hougaard, Anders; Amin, F M; Magon, S;

    2015-01-01

    were investigated. Following advanced denoising, the data were analyzed both in a hypothesis-driven fashion, testing for abnormalities involving 27 different brain areas of potential relevance to migraine with aura including the cortical visual areas, the amygdala and peri-aqueductal grey matter, and...

  13. Aura OMI observations of regional SO2 and NO2 pollution changes from 2005 to 2015

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Krotkov, Nickolay A.; McLinden, Chris A.; Li, Can; Lamsal, Lok N.; Celarier, Edward A.; Marchenko, Sergey V.; Swartz, William H.; Bucsela, Eric J.; Joiner, Joanna; Duncan, Bryan N.; Boersma, Folkert; Veefkind, J.P.; Levelt, Pieternel F.; Fioletov, Vitali E.; Dickerson, Russell R.; He, Hao; Lu, Zifeng; Streets, David G.

    2016-01-01

    The Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) onboard NASA's Aura satellite has been providing global observations of the ozone layer and key atmospheric pollutant gases, such as nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and sulfur dioxide (SO2), since October 2004. The data products from the same instrument provide consis

  14. La "visión del aura" como experiencia alucinatoria en individuos no-clinicos The aura experience as cognitive perceptual schizotypy in non-clinical population

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Parra

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Individuos que dicen ver el aura/energía en forma espontánea también tienden a tener un nivel más elevado de actividad imaginativa/fantaseosa o de propensidad a la fantasía. Hay indicadores que muestran que quienes experimentan alta capacidad de absorción, usualmente experimentan también diversas formas parasomáticas, alucinaciones táctiles, y sensaciones de energías sutiles, asi como también ideación esquizotípica, error perceptual, y mayor sinestesia. El objetivo es correlacionar puntajes de absorción psicológica, disociación, propensidad a la fantasía, intensidad de la imaginería, y tendencia a la esquizotipia en individuos que dicen ver el aura (N=83 en comparación con un grupo sin experiencias (N=503. La muestra incluyó 678 estudiantes de psicología de ambos sexos, 449 (76,5% mujeres y 139 (23,5% varones, cuya rango etario es de 17 y 57 años (Media=25,54; SD=7,22 residentes en la Ciudad de Buenos Aires y alrededores. Ningun estudiante recibió compensación económica. Respecto a la experiencia de ver el aura, se formuló la pregunta de la siguiente manera: "¿Ha tenido alguna experiencia usted es capaz de ver campos de energia o luces alrededor del cuerpo de una persona? (si duda, por favor, responda no". Si la respuesta es afirmativa, la pregunta también mapea tres dimensiones de la experiencia: frecuencia de la experiencia, explicación subjetiva (racional, desconocida y paranormal de la experiencia, y positivo o negativo impacto (emocional en una escala Likert, siendo 1 positivo y 7 negativo. Los resultados muestran mayor nivel de esquizotipia cognitivo perceptual en comparación con quienes no tienen la experiencia. Posiblemente, estas personas tienen mucha más intensa vida imaginativa. Esta experiencia no necesariamente posee un significado psicopatológico para el individuo; quienes ven el aura simplemente podrían ser sensibles a las experiencias perceptuales anómalas.Individuals who claim being able to

  15. RETRACTED: Magnetic properties of interfaces and multilayers based on thin antiferromagnetic oxide films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finazzi, Marco; Duò, Lamberto; Ciccacci, Franco

    2007-09-01

    This article has been retracted at the request of the Editor-in-Chief and Authors. Please see Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal ( http://www.elsevier.com/locate/withdrawalpolicy). Reason: This article has been retracted because of copyright infringement. The authors plan to re-write the article to comply with copyright rules as soon as possible. A link to the re-written article will be added as soon as it is published.

  16. Calculatoin and experimental study of the retracting force for magnetic spring of two types

    OpenAIRE

    Tsivilitsin, V.; Milman, Yu.; V. Goncharuk; Bondar, I

    2014-01-01

    Designs for magnetic springs of two types have been proposed, and the methods of calculation of their retracting forces have been developed. Formulas are obtained for the retracting force in the main section of spring force characteristics. Experimental data are in good agreement with the results of theoretical calculations. The force characteristics of the proposed magnetic spring constructions can be varied for a specific application. The derived formulas are verified experimentally. Ways t...

  17. RETRACTED: Test Taking Strategies Instruction and Iranian EFL Learners’ Performance on International Language Tests

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mitra Ghabelju

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This article has been retracted: please see AIAC PTY.LTD. Policy on Publication Ethics and Publication Malpractice Statement.(http://www.aiac.org.au/journals/Subtemps/PEPMS.pdfThis article has been retracted based on the editorial decision upon conducting a thorough invesitigatiosn. It came to our notice that the author has plagirised this paper from an unpblished thesis carried out in Iran in 2010.

  18. Vision Therapy for Convergence Insufficiency Co-Incident with Duane Retraction Syndrome

    OpenAIRE

    Tonya Tira, OD; Graham Erickson, OD

    2014-01-01

    Background: Duane retraction syndrome (DRS) is a congenital ocular motility disorder characterized by limited abduction and/or limited adduction, globe retraction, and narrowing of the palpebral fissure on adduction. Because of adduction limits, these patients may also exhibit convergence insufficiency (CI). Symptomatic individuals can often benefit from optometric vision therapy (OVT). Although OVT does not treat the DRS itself, these procedural interventions can alleviate sympto...

  19. In Vivo Investigation of the Effectiveness of a Hyper-viscoelastic Model in Simulating Brain Retraction

    OpenAIRE

    Ping Li; Weiwei Wang; Chenxi Zhang; Yong An; Zhijian Song

    2016-01-01

    Intraoperative brain retraction leads to a misalignment between the intraoperative positions of the brain structures and their previous positions, as determined from preoperative images. In vitro swine brain sample uniaxial tests showed that the mechanical response of brain tissue to compression and extension could be described by the hyper-viscoelasticity theory. The brain retraction caused by the mechanical process is a combination of brain tissue compression and extension. In this paper, w...

  20. RETRACTED: Effect of flux jump on temperature distributions in high temperature superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Yu-Feng; He, Tian-Hu; Wang, Ping-Bo

    2010-10-01

    This article has been retracted: please see Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal ( http://www.elsevier.com/locate/withdrawalpolicy). This article is retracted at the request of the authors, due to admitted plagiarism of unpublished work of Tian-Hu He. He wishes to state that he was not involved in the publication process and his name was used on the paper without his knowledge.

  1. Magnetic resonance imaging of unilateral vertical retraction syndrome with atypical strabismus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Cheng-yue; MAN Feng-yuan; WANG Zhen-chang; YU Gang; WU Qian; JIAO Yong-hong; ZHAO Kan-xing

    2011-01-01

    We report two patients with unilateral vertical retraction syndrome. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the orbits of the two cases showed similar size and location of the orbital structure, but with dramatically different strabismus type. MRI sagittal reconstruction of the orbits suggested that abnormal muscle tissue arised from the inferior rectus, which might be associated with retraction and narrowing of the palpebral fissure and atypical strabismus as well.

  2. Self-concept evaluation and migraine without aura in childhood

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esposito M

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Maria Esposito,1 Beatrice Gallai,2 Lucia Parisi,3 Laura Castaldo,1 Rosa Marotta,4 Serena Marianna Lavano,4 Giovanni Mazzotta,5 Michele Roccella,3 Marco Carotenuto11Center for Childhood Headache, Clinic of Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry, Department of Mental Health, Physical and Preventive Medicine, Second University of Naples, Naples, Italy; 2Unit of Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy; 3Child Neuropsychiatry, Department of Psychology, University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy; 4Department of Psychiatry, "Magna Graecia" University of Catanzaro, Catanzaro, Italy; 5Unit of Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry, AUSL Umbria 2, Terni, ItalyIntroduction: Self-esteem is related to the broadly understood concept of self-schemas and is a crucial mechanism for a correct psychological development in children and adolescents. The impact of the many psychological difficulties linked to the migraine without aura (MoA and recurrent headache attacks, such as anger and separation anxiety, on self-esteem has not yet been well investigated. The aims of the present study were to assess self-esteem levels in an objective way and to verify their possible relationship and correlation with the frequency and intensity of migraine attacks, in a population of children and adolescents affected by MoA.Methods: The study population was comprised of 185 children (88 males [M], 97 females [F] aged between 6 and 12 years (mean 9.04 ± 2.41 years referred consecutively for MoA to the Center for Childhood Headache, Clinic of Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry, Second University of Naples and of 203 healthy controls (95 M, 108 F with mean age 9.16 ± 2.37 years, recruited from schools in Campania. The monthly headache frequency and the mean headache duration were assessed from daily headache diaries kept by all the children, and MoA intensity was assessed on a VAS (visual analog scale. To further evaluate their level of self-concept, all

  3. The Surgical Management of Tympanic Membrane Retraction Pockets Using Cartilage Tympanoplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kasbekar, Anand V; Patel, Virjen; Rubasinghe, Mihiri; Srinivasan, Venkat

    2014-12-01

    Evaluate the surgical treatment of tympanic membrane (TM) retractions with modified cartilage augmentation tympanoplasty. Retrospective review of subjects with Charachon stage II and III TM retractions who underwent modified cartilage augmentation tympanoplasty following excision of the retracted TM segment. Pre and postoperative symptoms and air-bone gaps were recorded. Forty two ears were included in the study. Twenty six ears were of stage II and 16 were stage III retractions. 35 (83 %) ears had ossicular erosion and cholesteatoma was found in 13 (31 %) ears, all in stage III retractions. Follow-up ranged 12-102 months. The air-bone gap (ABG) improved in 29 (76 %) and worsened in seven (19 %). Ears without cholesteatoma had a greater improvement in ABG. The results of our modified cartilage tympanoplasty technique are comparable to the published literature and should provide a safe and acceptable result. The high rate of cholesteatoma found preoperatively in stage III retractions advocates early surgical intervention. PMID:26396960

  4. Aura Atmospheric Data Products and Their Availability from NASA Goddard Earth Sciences DAAC

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmad, S.; Johnson, J.; Gopalan, A.; Smith, P.; Leptoukh, G.; Kempler, S.

    2004-01-01

    NASA's EOS-Aura spacecraft was launched successfully on July 15, 2004. The four instruments onboard the spacecraft are the Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS), the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI), the Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer (TES), and the High Resolution Dynamics Limb Sounder (HBDLS). The Aura instruments are designed to gather earth sciences measurements across the ultraviolet, visible, infra-red, thermal and microwave regions of the electromagnetic spectrum. Aura will provide over 70 distinct standard atmospheric data products for use in ozone layer and surface UV-B monitoring, air quality forecast, and atmospheric chemistry and climate change studies (http://eosaura.gsfc.nasa.gov/). These products include earth-atmosphere radiances and solar spectral irradiances; total column, tropospheric, and profiles of ozone and other trace gases, surface W-B flux; clouds and aerosol characteristics; and temperature, geopotential height, and water vapor profiles. The MLS, OMI, and HIRDLS data products will be archived at the NASA Goddard Earth Sciences (GES) Distributed Active Archive Center (DAAC), while data from TES will be archived at NASA Langley Research Center DAAC. Some of the standard products which have gone through quick preliminary checks are already archived at the GES DAAC (http://daac.nsfc.nasa.gov/) and are available to the Aura science team and data validation team members for data validation; and to the application and visualization software developers, for testing their application modules. Once data are corrected for obvious calibration problems and partially validated using in-situ observations, they would be made available to the broader user community. This presentation will provide details of the whole suite of Aura atmospheric data products, and the time line of the availability of the rest of the preliminary products and of the partially validated provisional products. Software and took available for data access, visualization, and data

  5. Eye retraction in the giant guitarfish, Rhynchobatus djiddensis (Elasmobranchii: Batoidea): a novel mechanism for eye protection in batoid fishes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomita, Taketeru; Murakumo, Kiyomi; Miyamoto, Kei; Sato, Keiichi; Oka, Shin-ichiro; Kamisako, Haruka; Toda, Minoru

    2016-02-01

    Eye retraction behavior has evolved independently in some vertebrate linages such as mudskippers (fish), frogs and salamanders (amphibians), and cetaceans (mammals). In this paper, we report the eye retraction behavior of the giant guitarfish (Rhynchobatus djiddensis) for the first time, and discuss its mechanism and function. The eye retraction distance was nearly the same as the diameter of the eyeball itself, indicating that eye retraction in the giant guitarfish is probably one of the largest among vertebrates. Eye retraction is achieved by unique arrangement of the eye muscle: one of the anterior eye muscles (the obliquus inferior) is directed ventrally from the eyeball and attaches to the ventral surface of the neurocranium. Due to such muscle arrangement, the obliquus inferior can pull the eyeball ventrally. This mechanism was also confirmed by electrical stimulation of the obliquus inferior. The eye retraction ability of the giant guitarfish likely represents a novel eye protection behavior of elasmobranch fishes. PMID:26468088

  6. OMI/Aura Ozone (O3) Total Column 1-Orbit L2 Swath 13x24 km V003 NRT

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The OMI/Aura Level-2 Total Column Ozone Data Product OMTO3 Near Real Time data is made available from the OMI SIPS NASA for the public access. The Ozone Monitoring...

  7. Investigations of functional and structural changes in migraine with aura by magnetic resonance imaging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hougaard, Anders

    2015-08-01

    Migraine sufferers with aura often report visual discomfort outside of attacks and many consider bright or flickering light an attack-precipitating factor. The nature of this visual hypersensitivity and its relation to the underlying pathophysiology of the migraine aura is unknown. A useful technology to study these features of migraine with aura (MA) is functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), which has the potential not only to detect, but also to localize hypersensitive cortex. The main objective of this thesis was to investigate the cortical responsivity of patients with MA during visual stimulation using fMRI. To optimize sensitivity, we applied a within-patient design by assessing functional interhemispheric differences in patients consistently experiencing visual aura in the same visual hemifield. To validate our data analysis methods, we initially studied healthy volunteers using single hemifield visual stimulation and compared the "stimulated" hemispheres (i.e. hemispheres contralateral to the visual stimulation) to the "non-stimulated" hemispheres. We then applied this validated method of interhemispheric comparison of fMRI-blood oxygenation level dependent (BOLD) activation to compare left versus right hemisphere responses to symmetric full-field visual stimulation in 54 healthy subjects (study I). This study concluded that, a) the applied visual stimulation is effective in activating large expanses of visual cortex, b) interhemispheric differences in fMRI-BOLD activation can be determined using the proposed method, and c) visual responses to symmetric full-field visual stimulation are asymmetrically distributed between the cerebral hemispheres. We investigated the effects of migraine aura, by including 20 patients with frequent side-fixed visual aura attacks, i.e. ≥= 90% of auras occurring in the same visual hemifield (study II). To circumvent bias relating to differences between right and left hemispheres (e.g. caused by physiological left

  8. Field-testing of the ICHD-3 beta/proposed ICD-11 diagnostic criteria for migraine with aura

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Li, Dana; Christensen, Anne F; Olesen, Jes

    2015-01-01

    migraine (SHM) and 1.2.6 basilar-type migraine according to ICHD-2 in a cross-sectional study design. A database of 2464 patients with 1.1 migraine without aura and 1.2 migraine with non-hemiplegic aura and a database of 252 hemiplegic migraine patients (1.2.4 FHM or 1.2.5 SHM) was collected. We used SPSS...

  9. Evaluation of a novel compule-based gingival retraction system in UK general dental practices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burke, F J Trevor; Crisp, Russell John

    2014-06-01

    Twelve members were selected at random from the PREP panel, a group of UK-based dentists who are prepared to carry out research in their practices. A questionnaire was designed to determine the views of the participants, who were asked to use the retraction paste capsules where clinically indicated. They were asked to return the questionnaire after 8 weeks and the information contained therein was collated and presented mainly on visual analogue scales (VAS). A total of 160 impressions were taken using the Astringent Retraction Paste (3M ESPE, Seefeld, Germany) plus use in the placement of 25 restorations. Of evaluators, 83% (n = 10) agreed that Astringent Retraction Paste was a suitable product for gingival retraction and 75% (n = 9) agreed that it had good haemostatic properties. Overall dispensing and handling of the paste was rated as 4.9 on a VAS scale where 1 = Inconvenient and 5 = Convenient. The viscosity of the paste was rated as 3.6 on a VAS where 1 = too thin and 5 = too thick. Good scores were achieved across all criteria for the product. Clinical Relevance: Practitioners may wish to be aware of a novel compule-based gingival retraction system. PMID:25073225

  10. Effect of a cordless retraction paste on titanium surface: a topographic, chemical and biocompatibility evaluation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katherine Cooper

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Good exposure of the preparation margins and haemostasis in the sulcular gingiva are necessary for accurate impressions to produce precise restorations. The use of cordless retraction paste material in implant dentistry is a relatively novel application. However, few studies have been conducted on the use of retraction pastes and their possible interaction with implant surfaces. Recent literature has described remnants on titanium implant surfaces and expressed the need for an assessment of the biocompatibility of the exposed surface (Chang et al.. This in vitro study evaluated the effect of a cordless gingival retraction paste on sterile titanium disks. Surface chemistry was determined using energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS, and further investigated using laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS. After exposure to retraction paste, surface chemistry alterations were identified. A fibroblast cell line (L929 was exposed to the disks and the live/dead viability/cytotoxicity assay was used to determine any effects on the proliferation and health of cells. The disks exposed to the retraction paste showed fewer dead cells compared to the unexposed disks. This was statistically significant.

  11. The persistence of error: a study of retracted articles on the Internet and in personal libraries*

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Philip M.

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To determine the accessibility of retracted articles residing on non-publisher websites and in personal libraries. Methods: Searches were performed to locate Internet copies of 1,779 retracted articles identified in MEDLINE, published between 1973 and 2010, excluding the publishers' website. Found copies were classified by article version and location. Mendeley (a bibliographic software) was searched for copies residing in personal libraries. Results: Non-publisher websites provided 321 publicly accessible copies for 289 retracted articles: 304 (95%) copies were the publisher' versions, and 13 (4%) were final manuscripts. PubMed Central had 138 (43%) copies; educational websites 94 (29%); commercial websites 24 (7%); advocacy websites 16 (5%); and institutional repositories 10 (3%). Just 15 (5%) full-article views included a retraction statement. Personal Mendeley libraries contained records for 1,340 (75%) retracted articles, shared by 3.4 users, on average. Conclusions: The benefits of decentralized access to scientific articles may come with the cost of promoting incorrect, invalid, or untrustworthy science. Automated methods to deliver status updates to readers may reduce the persistence of error in the scientific literature. PMID:22879807

  12. Effect of a cordless retraction paste on titanium surface: a topographic, chemical and biocompatibility evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooper, Katherine; Bennani, Vincent; Tawse-Smith, Andrew; Reid, Malcolm; Stirling, Claudine; Dias, George

    2013-01-01

    Good exposure of the preparation margins and haemostasis in the sulcular gingiva are necessary for accurate impressions to produce precise restorations. The use of cordless retraction paste material in implant dentistry is a relatively novel application. However, few studies have been conducted on the use of retraction pastes and their possible interaction with implant surfaces. Recent literature has described remnants on titanium implant surfaces and expressed the need for an assessment of the biocompatibility of the exposed surface (Chang et al.). This in vitro study evaluated the effect of a cordless gingival retraction paste on sterile titanium disks. Surface chemistry was determined using energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), and further investigated using laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS). After exposure to retraction paste, surface chemistry alterations were identified. A fibroblast cell line (L929) was exposed to the disks and the live/dead viability/cytotoxicity assay was used to determine any effects on the proliferation and health of cells. The disks exposed to the retraction paste showed fewer dead cells compared to the unexposed disks. This was statistically significant. PMID:23739788

  13. Cell-mediated retraction versus hemodynamic loading - A delicate balance in tissue-engineered heart valves.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Loosdregt, Inge A E W; Argento, Giulia; Driessen-Mol, Anita; Oomens, Cees W J; Baaijens, Frank P T

    2014-06-27

    Preclinical studies of tissue-engineered heart valves (TEHVs) showed retraction of the heart valve leaflets as major failure of function mechanism. This retraction is caused by both passive and active cell stress and passive matrix stress. Cell-mediated retraction induces leaflet shortening that may be counteracted by the hemodynamic loading of the leaflets during diastole. To get insight into this stress balance, the amount and duration of stress generation in engineered heart valve tissue and the stress imposed by physiological hemodynamic loading are quantified via an experimental and a computational approach, respectively. Stress generation by cells was measured using an earlier described in vitro model system, mimicking the culture process of TEHVs. The stress imposed by the blood pressure during diastole on a valve leaflet was determined using finite element modeling. Results show that for both pulmonary and systemic pressure, the stress imposed on the TEHV leaflets is comparable to the stress generated in the leaflets. As the stresses are of similar magnitude, it is likely that the imposed stress cannot counteract the generated stress, in particular when taking into account that hemodynamic loading is only imposed during diastole. This study provides a rational explanation for the retraction found in preclinical studies of TEHVs and represents an important step towards understanding the retraction process seen in TEHVs by a combined experimental and computational approach. PMID:24268314

  14. Performance analysis of the retractable dome for the Chinese Large Telescope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nian, Pan; Wen-Li, Ma

    2015-10-01

    In order to quantitatively assess the influence of the retractable dome on the observational performance of the 4-m Chinese Large Telescope (CLT), an integrated analysis method based on computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and sub-harmonic phase screen is proposed in this paper. The pressure, the temperature, and the speed of air surrounding the retractable dome are attained by CFD simulations, and then the fluctuation of refractive index of air is calculated. Based on sub-harmonic phase screen algorithm, three kinds of performance evaluation parameters are presented: irradiance, phase of the target, and Full Width Half Maximum (FWHM). The wind tunnel tests (WT) with a 1:120 scaled model of the retractable dome for the CLT are conducted to verify the calculated precision of the CFD. The results show that the fluctuation of air refractive index surrounding the CLT is mainly caused by the inhomogeneous distribution of temperature and speed, and with the help of pier's height the impact of inhomogeneous air temperature from the ground layer on the fluctuation of air refractive index can be effectively decreased. Furthermore, the lower of the air speed is, the better performance of the retractable dome will be, and when the speed of air is less than 5m/s, the dome seeing induced by the retractable dome on the observational wave front is less than 0.13 arcsec. PMID:26480059

  15. A Miniature Robot for Retraction Tasks under Vision Assistance in Minimally Invasive Surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuseppe Tortora

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Minimally Invasive Surgery (MIS is one of the main aims of modern medicine. It enables surgery to be performed with a lower number and severity of incisions. Medical robots have been developed worldwide to offer a robotic alternative to traditional medical procedures. New approaches aimed at a substantial decrease of visible scars have been explored, such as Natural Orifice Transluminal Endoscopic Surgery (NOTES. Simple surgical tasks such as the retraction of an organ can be a challenge when performed from narrow access ports. For this reason, there is a continuous need to develop new robotic tools for performing dedicated tasks. This article illustrates the design and testing of a new robotic tool for retraction tasks under vision assistance for NOTES. The retraction robots integrate brushless motors to enable additional degrees of freedom to that provided by magnetic anchoring, thus improving the dexterity of the overall platform. The retraction robot can be easily controlled to reach the target organ and apply a retraction force of up to 1.53 N. Additional degrees of freedom can be used for smooth manipulation and grasping of the organ.

  16. Breast Retraction Assessment: an objective evaluation of cosmetic results of patients treated conservatively for breast cancer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Breast Retraction Assessment (BRA) is an objective evaluation of the amount of cosmetic retraction of the treated breast in comparison to the untreated breast in patients who receive conservative treatment for breast cancer. A clear acrylic sheet supported vertically and marked as a grid at 1 cm intervals is employed to perform the measurements. Average BRA value in 29 control patients without breast cancer was 1.2 cm. Average BRA value in 27 patients treated conservatively for clinical Stage I or II unilateral breast cancer was 3.7 cm. BRA values in breast cancer patients ranged from 0.0 to 8.5 cm. Patients who received a local radiation boost to the primary tumor bed site had statistically significantly less retraction than those who did not receive a boost. Patients who had an extensive primary tumor resection had statistically significantly more retraction than those who underwent a more limited resection. In comparison to qualitative forms of cosmetic analysis, BRA is an objective test that can quantitatively evaluate factors which may be related to cosmetic retraction in patients treated conservatively for breast cancer

  17. Maintaining Aura's Orbit Requirements While Performing Orbit Maintenance Maneuvers Containing an Orbit Normal Delta-V Component

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Megan R.; Petersen, Jeremy D.

    2014-01-01

    The Earth Observing System (EOS) Afternoon Constellation consists of five member missions (GCOM-W1, Aqua, CALIPSO, CloudSat, and Aura), each of which maintain a frozen, sun-synchronous orbit with a 16-day repeating ground track that follows the Worldwide Reference System-2 (WRS-2). Under nominal science operations for Aura, the propulsion system is oriented such that the resultant thrust vector is aligned 13.493 degrees away from the velocity vector along the yaw axis. When performing orbit maintenance maneuvers, the spacecraft performs a yaw slew to align the thrust vector in the appropriate direction. A new Drag Make Up (DMU) maneuver operations scheme has been implemented for Aura alleviating the need for the 13.493 degree yaw slew. The focus of this investigation is to assess the impact that no-slew DMU maneuver operations will have on Aura's Mean Local Time (MLT) which drives the required along track separation between Aura and the constellation members, as well as Aura's frozen orbit properties, eccentricity and argument of perigee. Seven maneuver strategies were analyzed to determine the best operational approach. A mirror pole strategy, with maneuvers alternating at the North and South poles, was implemented operationally to minimize impact to the MLT. Additional analysis determined that the mirror pole strategy could be further modified to include frozen orbit maneuvers and thus maintain both MLT and the frozen orbit properties under noslew operations.

  18. A Response to Elvis' 2015 Critique of the AURA Report "From Cosmic Birth to Living Earths"

    CERN Document Server

    Seager, Sara; Postman, Marc; Tumlinson, Jason; Mather, John C

    2015-01-01

    To ensure progress in astronomy over the coming decades, the key questions are "what facilities will we build, and when?" Toward this end, the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA) recently commissioned a study on future space-based options for UV and optical astronomy. The resulting study - "From Cosmic Births to Living Earths" - concluded that a space telescope equipped with a 12-meter class primary mirror would make fundamental advances across virtually all of astrophysics, including finding and characterizing the atmospheres of dozens of Earth-like planets. This ambitious telescope concept is referred to as the High Definition Space Telescope (HDST). In a recent arXiv white paper, Elvis (2015) critiqued a subset of the findings of the AURA study, focusing on the detection and characterization of rocky exoplanets in the habitable zone. In this response, we clarify these issues to confirm that HDST would play a transformative role in the study of terrestrial worlds. Its capabilities f...

  19. Validation of the Aura High Resolution Dynamics Limb Sounder geopotential heights

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. L. Smith

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Global satellite observations from the EOS Aura spacecraft's High Resolution Dynamics Limb Sounder (HIRDLS of temperature and geopotential height (GPH are discussed. The accuracy, resolution and precision of the HIRDLS version 7 algorithms are assessed and data screening recommendations are made. Comparisons with GPH from observations, reanalyses and models including European Center for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts Interim Reanalysis (ERA-Interim, National Centers for Environmental Prediction/National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCEP/NCAR Reanalysis, Goddard Earth Observing System Model (GEOS version 5, and EOS Aura Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS illustrate the HIRDLS GPH have a precision ranging from 2 m to 30 m and an accuracy of ±100 m. Comparisons indicate HIRDLS GPH may have a slight low bias in the tropics and a slight high bias at high latitudes. Geostrophic winds computed with HIRDLS GPH qualitatively agree with winds from other data sources including ERA-Interim, NCEP and GEOS-5.

  20. Peri-ictal changes of cortical excitability in children suffering from migraine without aura

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Siniatchkin, Michael; Reich, Anna-Lena; Shepherd, Alex J;

    2009-01-01

    regional excitability of the occipital (phosphene threshold [PT] and suppression of visual perception) and motor (resting motor threshold and cortical silent period) cortex in ten children suffering from migraine without aura and ten healthy age-matched controls. Patients were studied 1-2 days before and...... occipital excitability. This increase in occipital excitability was attenuated 1-2 days before a migraine attack as indicated by a relative increase in PTs. The increase in PTs before the next attack was associated with a stronger TMS-induced suppression of visual perception and a prolongation of the motion...... aftereffect. Motor cortex excitability was not altered in patients and did not change during the migraine cycle. These findings show that pediatric migraine without aura is associated with a systematic shift in occipital excitability preceding the migraine attack. Similar systematic fluctuations in cortical...

  1. Volver a hablar de aura: Algunas consideraciones metodológicas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cecilia Bettoni

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo parte de la premisa de que la elaboración del concepto de aura ha dependido sustancialmente de las formulaciones expresadas por Walter Benjamin en “La obra de arte en la época de su reproductibilidad técnica”. Dado este sesgo infligido por la teoría del arte, proponemos expandir los rendimientos que este concepto puede alcanzar hoy, para lo que emprendemos una rehabilitación que busca inscribirlo en otro marco epistemológico: el de la experiencia. Con miras a este objetivo, revisamos una serie de consideraciones metodológicas referentes a la interpretación del concepto de aura, al tiempo que proponemos una lectura crítica que vincula distintos ensayos de Walter Benjamin en torno a esta noción.

  2. Investigations of functional and structural changes in migraine with aura by magnetic resonance imaging

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hougaard, Anders

    2015-01-01

    ) activation to compare left versus right hemisphere responses to symmetric full-field visual stimulation in 54 healthy subjects (study I). This study concluded that, a) the applied visual stimulation is effective in activating large expanses of visual cortex, b) interhemispheric differences in f.......e. ≥= 90% of auras occurring in the same visual hemifield (study II). To circumvent bias relating to differences between right and left hemispheres (e.g. caused by physiological left/right bias, asymmetry of the visual stimulation or magnetic field inhomogeneity of the scanner), we included an equal number...... technology to study these features of migraine with aura (MA) is functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), which has the potential not only to detect, but also to localize hypersensitive cortex. The main objective of this thesis was to investigate the cortical responsivity of patients with MA during...

  3. A neural network algorithm for cloud fraction estimation using NASA-Aura OMI VIS radiance measurements

    OpenAIRE

    Saponaro, G.; Kolmonen, P.; J. Karhunen; Tamminen, J.; De Leeuw, G.

    2013-01-01

    The discrimination of cloudy from cloud-free pixels is required in almost any estimate of a parameter retrieved from satellite data in the ultraviolet (UV), visible (VIS) or infrared (IR) parts of the electromagnetic spectrum. In this paper we report on the development of a neural network (NN) algorithm to estimate cloud fractions using radiances measured at the top of the atmosphere with the NASA-Aura Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI). We present and discuss the results obtained from the app...

  4. Migraine with aura and risk of silent brain infarcts and white matter hyperintensities: an MRI study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaist, David; Garde, Ellen; Blaabjerg, Morten; Nielsen, Helle H; Krøigård, Thomas; Østergaard, Kamilla; Møller, Harald S; Hjelmborg, Jacob; Madsen, Camilla G; Iversen, Pernille; Kyvik, Kirsten O; Siebner, Hartwig R; Ashina, Messoud

    2016-07-01

    A small number of population-based studies reported an association between migraine with aura and risk of silent brain infarcts and white matter hyperintensities in females. We investigated these relations in a population-based sample of female twins. We contacted female twins ages 30-60 years identified through the population-based Danish Twin Registry. Based on questionnaire responses, twins were invited to participate in a telephone-based interview conducted by physicians. Headache diagnoses were established according to the International Headache Society criteria. Cases with migraine with aura, their co-twins, and unrelated migraine-free twins (controls) were invited to a brain magnetic resonance imaging scan performed at a single centre. Brain scans were assessed for the presence of infarcts, and white matter hyperintensities (visual rating scales and volumetric analyses) blinded to headache diagnoses. Comparisons were based on 172 cases, 34 co-twins, and 139 control subjects. Compared with control subjects, cases did not differ with regard to frequency of silent brain infarcts (four cases versus one control), periventricular white matter hyperintensity scores [adjusted mean difference (95% confidence interval): -0.1 (-0.5 to 0.2)] or deep white matter hyperintensity scores [adjusted mean difference (95% confidence interval): 0.1 (-0.8 to 1.1)] assessed by Scheltens' scale. Cases had a slightly higher total white matter hyperintensity volume compared with controls [adjusted mean difference (95% confidence interval): 0.17 (-0.08 to 0.41) cm(3)] and a similar difference was present in analyses restricted to twin pairs discordant for migraine with aura [adjusted mean difference 0.21 (-0.20 to 0.63)], but these differences did not reach statistical significance. We found no evidence of an association between silent brain infarcts, white matter hyperintensities, and migraine with aura. PMID:27190013

  5. Study Pollution Impacts on Upper-Tropospheric Clouds with Aura, CloudSat, and CALIPSO Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Dong

    2007-01-01

    This viewgraph presentation reviews the impact of pollution on clouds in the Upper Troposphere. Using the data from the Aura Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS), CloudSat, CALIPSO the presentation shows signatures of pollution impacts on clouds in the upper troposphere. The presentation demonstrates the complementary sensitivities of MLS , CloudSat and CALIPSO to upper tropospheric clouds. It also calls for careful analysis required to sort out microphysical changes from dynamical changes.

  6. Reification, aura and innovation: A study of technological sound reproduction and artist authenticity

    OpenAIRE

    Sten, Fredrik Sven Henrik

    2015-01-01

    Today the potential for artists to retake control of artistic value of their own music may have come to a tipping point. While digital technology has provided groundbreaking opportunities for musical creativity, the relationship between the musician and the listener has become further distanced since the beginning of musical performance. Some important words relating to the core ideas of this thesis are industry, technological advancement, aura, time and distance, form...

  7. Regional Homogeneity Abnormalities Affected by Depressive Symptoms in Migraine Patients without Aura: A Resting State Study

    OpenAIRE

    Yu, Dahua; Yuan, Kai; Zhao, Ling; Liang, Fanrong; Qin, Wei

    2013-01-01

    Background Bidirectional relationship between migraine and depression suggests that there might be some etiological risk factors shared. However, few studies investigated resting state abnormalities affected by depressive symptoms in migraine patients without aura (MWoA). Materials and Methods According to their self-rating depression scale (SDS) score, MWoA were divided into twenty in the SDS (+) (SDS > 49) group and 20 in the SDS (−) (SDS ≤ 49) group. Regional homogeneity (ReHo) method were...

  8. Alleviation of Brain Hypoperfusion after Preventative Treatment with Lomerizine in an Elderly Migraineur with Aura

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aoyagi, Joe; Ikeda, Ken; Kiyozuka, Tetsuhito; Hirayama, Takehisa; Ishikawa, Yuichi; Sato, Ryuta; Yoshii, Yasuhiro; Kawabe, Kiyokazu; Iwasaki, Yasuo

    2011-01-01

    Previous studies of brain single-photon emission tomography (SPECT) showed changes of regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) in migraineurs during prodromes or headache attacks. Little is known about how successful medication of migraine prevention can reflect rCBF in migraineurs. We highlighted alternation of brain SPECT findings in a migraineur with aura before and after prophylactic treatment with lomerizine, a calcium channel blocker. A 70-year-old man with migraine developed visual disturbance frequently at walking exercise for the recent 3 months. After this visual attack, a mild-degree of throbbing headache occured occasionally. Brain SPECT using 99mTc-ethyl cysteinate dimer was performed at interictal time of migraine. Brain SPECT before lomerizine treatment revealed hypoperfusion in the frontal, parietal, and occipital regions. He was diagnosed with recurrence of migraine with aura (MA). Lomerizine (10 mg/day, po) was administered for 3 months. MA and visual aura without headache were dramatically improved. Migraine attacks and visual disturbance were not induced at exercise. At 3 months after lomerizine medication, brain SPECT showed remarkable increase of rCBF. These SPECT changes of our patient indicated that antimigraine mechanism of lomerizine could contribute to restoration of cerebral hypoperfusion. PMID:21490733

  9. Endothelial function in patients with migraine without aura during the interictal period

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kiyan Heshmat-Ghahdarijani

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: In most of the studies, the association of vascular events is limited to migraine with aura or it is stronger in this group, whereas the link between migraine without aura (MO and vascular events remained uncertain . Therefore, we decided to evaluate endothelial function by chemical and functional markers of endothelium in MO and compare with normal population. Methods: In this study, 39 patients and 25 healthy subjects were enrolled and flow-mediated dilatation (FMD, C-reactive protein (CRP, nitrite and nitrate were measured in these two groups. Results: The mean of FMD in healthy people was higher than the migraine patients (mean difference − 7.67%; 95% confidence interval [CI] −9.90-−5.44. The means of nitrite concentration in migraineurs was significantly lower than healthy subjects (mean difference − 2.0 μmol/L; 95% CI − 3.45-−0.54. But the CRP concentrations in both groups were not significantly different (mean difference 0.42 pmol/L; 95% CI − 0.13-0.98. Conclusions: This study can show the endothelial dysfunction in migraineurs without aura and suggest that MO could also be a risk for cardiovascular disease.

  10. Potential neurogenic and vascular roles of nitric oxide in migraine headache and aura.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Myers, D E

    1999-02-01

    It has long been known that nitrate and nitrite medications consistently cause significant headache as a side effect. Classical research has shown that cerebral vasodilation accompanies the use of these medications. More modern studies suggest that these vasodilators exert their action on blood vessels via nitric oxide and its second messenger, cyclic guanosine monophosphate. This paper reviews research studies and theoretical articles which address the concept that nitric oxide plays a major role in the vasodilation associated with the headache phase of migraine with aura. A brief discussion of nitric oxide biochemistry and pharmacology follows. In addition, there is a review of evidence examining the possible contributions of nitric oxide to the neurogenic and vascular events associated with spreading cortical depression, an animal model of migraine aura. The paradoxical hypotheses that nitric oxide may contribute to both the propagation of spreading cortical depression and its limitation are presented. Finally, a rationale for the experimental use of nitric oxide agonists and antagonists in the abortion of migraine aura is introduced. PMID:15613204

  11. Laser hazard analysis for airborne AURA (Big Sky variant) Proteus platform

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A laser safety and hazard analysis was performed for the airborne AURA (Big Sky Laser Technology) lidar system based on the 2000 version of the American National Standard Institute's (ANSI) Standard Z136.1, for the Safe Use of Lasers and the 2000 version of the ANSI Standard Z136.6, for the Safe Use of Lasers Outdoors. The AURA lidar system is installed in the instrument pod of a Proteus airframe and is used to perform laser interaction experiments and tests at various national test sites. The targets are located at various distances or ranges from the airborne platform. In order to protect personnel, who may be in the target area and may be subjected to exposures, it was necessary to determine the Maximum Permissible Exposure (MPE) for each laser wavelength, calculate the Nominal Ocular Hazard Distance (NOHD), and determine the maximum 'eye-safe' dwell times for various operational altitudes and conditions. It was also necessary to calculate the appropriate minimum Optical Density (ODmin) of the laser safety eyewear used by authorized personnel who may receive hazardous exposures during ground base operations of the airborne AURA laser system (system alignment and calibration)

  12. Laser hazard analysis for airborne AURA (Big Sky variant) Proteus platform.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Augustoni, Arnold L.

    2004-02-01

    A laser safety and hazard analysis was performed for the airborne AURA (Big Sky Laser Technology) lidar system based on the 2000 version of the American National Standard Institute's (ANSI) Standard Z136.1, for the Safe Use of Lasers and the 2000 version of the ANSI Standard Z136.6, for the Safe Use of Lasers Outdoors. The AURA lidar system is installed in the instrument pod of a Proteus airframe and is used to perform laser interaction experiments and tests at various national test sites. The targets are located at various distances or ranges from the airborne platform. In order to protect personnel, who may be in the target area and may be subjected to exposures, it was necessary to determine the Maximum Permissible Exposure (MPE) for each laser wavelength, calculate the Nominal Ocular Hazard Distance (NOHD), and determine the maximum 'eye-safe' dwell times for various operational altitudes and conditions. It was also necessary to calculate the appropriate minimum Optical Density (ODmin) of the laser safety eyewear used by authorized personnel who may receive hazardous exposures during ground base operations of the airborne AURA laser system (system alignment and calibration).

  13. α-FUZZY PAIRWISE RETRACT OF L-VALUED PAIRWISE STRATIFICATION SPACES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    M. H. GHANIM; F. S. MAHMOUD; M. A. FATH ALLA; M.A. HEBESHI

    2004-01-01

    The notion of a fuzzy retract was introduced by Rodabaugh (1981). The notion of a fuzzy pairwise retract was introduced in 2001. Some weak forms and some strong forms of α-continuous mappings were introduced in 1988 and 1997. The authors extend some of these forms to the L-fuzzy bitopological setting and construct various α-fuzzy pairwise retracts. The concept of weakly induced spaces in the case L = [0, 1] was introduced by Martin (1980). Lin and Luo (1987) generalized this notion to the case that L is an arbitrary F-lattice and introduced the notion of induced L-fts. Several results are obtained, especially, for L-valued pairwise stratification spaces.

  14. RETRACTED: Influence of temperature and microstructure on the mechanical properties of sintered nanosilver joints

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chen, Gang; Wang, Yi-Zhe [School of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Tianjin University, Tianjin (China); Mei, Yunhui, E-mail: yunhui@tju.edu.cn [Tianjin Key Laboratory of Advanced Joining Technology, Tianjin University, Tianjin (China); School of Material Science and Engineering, Tianjin University, Tianjin (China); Yu, Lin [School of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Tianjin University, Tianjin (China); Li, Xin [Tianjin Key Laboratory of Advanced Joining Technology, Tianjin University, Tianjin (China); School of Material Science and Engineering, Tianjin University, Tianjin (China); Chen, Xu [School of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Tianjin University, Tianjin (China)

    2015-02-25

    This article has been retracted: please see Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal ( (http://www.elsevier.com/locate/withdrawalpolicy)). This article has been retracted at the request of the Editor-in-Chief. Please note that the reason for this retraction has been updated in July 2015, as follows: The authors have plagiarized part of a paper that had already appeared in 'Electronic System-Integration Technology Conference (ESTC), 2010 3rd', 1-6, (101109/ESTC.2010.5642948). One of the conditions of submission of a paper for publication is that authors declare explicitly that their work is original and that no substantial portion has appeared in a publication elsewhere. As such this article represents an abuse of the scientific publishing system. The scientific community takes a very strong view on this matter and apologies are offered to readers of the journal that this was not detected during the submission process.

  15. RETRACTED: Influence of temperature and microstructure on the mechanical properties of sintered nanosilver joints

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This article has been retracted: please see Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal ( (http://www.elsevier.com/locate/withdrawalpolicy)). This article has been retracted at the request of the Editor-in-Chief. Please note that the reason for this retraction has been updated in July 2015, as follows: The authors have plagiarized part of a paper that had already appeared in 'Electronic System-Integration Technology Conference (ESTC), 2010 3rd', 1-6, (101109/ESTC.2010.5642948). One of the conditions of submission of a paper for publication is that authors declare explicitly that their work is original and that no substantial portion has appeared in a publication elsewhere. As such this article represents an abuse of the scientific publishing system. The scientific community takes a very strong view on this matter and apologies are offered to readers of the journal that this was not detected during the submission process

  16. Retraction note: The prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea in patients with difficult-to-treat asthma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-12-01

    This original article, published in the Asian Pacific Journal of Allergy and Immunology, has been retracted from this journal based on an error in the analysis included a patient who has not given informed consent. The authors could not be contacted to provide the explanation. Due to the nature of the error, the Editor-in-Chief and the Associate Editors have decided to retract this article although this error does not affect the validity of the study. We apologize for any adverse consequences this may have caused. PMID:26708400

  17. RETRACTED: A novel membrane-based anti-diabetic action of atorvastatin

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This article has been retracted. Please see Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal ((http://www.elsevier.com/locate/withdrawalpolicy)). Reason: The editors would like to confirm the retraction of this paper at the request of the authors. One of the authors, Emily M. Horvath, admitted to altering data in two of the figures. Specifically in Figures 2, and 4A, some of the values were incorrectly reported for the radioactive glucose uptake assays. None of the other authors associated with this publication were aware of the data manipulation. The authors sincerely regret if this has caused problems with investigators that have used this information experimentally.

  18. RETRACTED: A novel membrane-based anti-diabetic action of atorvastatin

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Horvath, Emily M.; Tackett, Lixuan [Department of Cellular and Integrative Physiology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Center for Diabetes Research, VanNuys Medical Science, Building Rm 308A, Indianapolis, IN 46202 (United States); Elmendorf, Jeffrey S., E-mail: jelmendo@iupui.edu [Department of Cellular and Integrative Physiology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Center for Diabetes Research, VanNuys Medical Science, Building Rm 308A, Indianapolis, IN 46202 (United States); Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Center for Diabetes Research, Indianapolis, IN 46202 (United States)

    2008-08-08

    This article has been retracted. Please see Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal ((http://www.elsevier.com/locate/withdrawalpolicy)). Reason: The editors would like to confirm the retraction of this paper at the request of the authors. One of the authors, Emily M. Horvath, admitted to altering data in two of the figures. Specifically in Figures 2, and 4A, some of the values were incorrectly reported for the radioactive glucose uptake assays. None of the other authors associated with this publication were aware of the data manipulation. The authors sincerely regret if this has caused problems with investigators that have used this information experimentally.

  19. RETRACTED: Translating Connotative Meaning in Literary Texts at the University of Petra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akram M. Beiruti

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available This article has been retracted: please see AIAC PTY.LTD. Policy on Publication Ethics and Publication Malpractice Statement.(http://www.aiac.org.au/journals/Subtemps/PEPMS.pdfThis article has been retracted based on the editorial decision upon conducting a thorough invesitigatiosn. It came to our notice that Akram Beirtui, supposedly the author of this paper, has plagirised the entire paper from an unpublished paper conducted by Ahmad Al-Hassan, who is the main author of the paper from the same university. Upon his proof to us, we reserve his rights and removed the paper.  

  20. Retracted article: Flexible Fourier Stationary Test in GDP per capita for Central Eastern European Countries

    OpenAIRE

    Chi-Wei Su; Meng-Nan Zhu; Hsu-Ling Chang

    2011-01-01

    Statement of Retraction (http://www.efri.uniri.hr/prikaz.asp?txt_id=7366) This is to notify our respectful reading public that the Editorial Board of the journal Zbornik radova Ekonomskog fakulteta u Rijeci, časopis za ekonomsku teoriju i praksu/ Proceedings of Rijeka Faculty of Economics, Journal of Economics and Business has retracted the following article from publication: “Flexible Fourier Stationary Test in GDP per capita for Central Eastern European Countries“, by Hsu-Ling Chang, Chi-We...

  1. Calculatoin and experimental study of the retracting force for magnetic spring of two types

    CERN Document Server

    Tsivilitsin, V; Goncharuk, V; Bondar, I

    2014-01-01

    Designs for magnetic springs of two types have been proposed, and the methods of calculation of their retracting forces have been developed. Formulas are obtained for the retracting force in the main section of spring force characteristics. Experimental data are in good agreement with the results of theoretical calculations. The force characteristics of the proposed magnetic spring constructions can be varied for a specific application. The derived formulas are verified experimentally. Ways to change the force characteristics of magnetic springs according to specific requirements are demonstrated.

  2. Traction force microscopy in rapidly moving cells reveals separate roles for ROCK and MLCK in the mechanics of retraction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morin, Timothy R; Ghassem-Zadeh, Sean A; Lee, Juliet

    2014-08-15

    Retraction is a major rate-limiting step in cell motility, particularly in slow moving cell types that form large stable adhesions. Myosin II dependent contractile forces are thought to facilitate detachment by physically pulling up the rear edge. However, retraction can occur in the absence of myosin II activity in cell types that form small labile adhesions. To investigate the role of contractile force generation in retraction, we performed traction force microscopy during the movement of fish epithelial keratocytes. By correlating changes in local traction stress at the rear with the area retracted, we identified four distinct modes of retraction. "Recoil" retractions are preceded by a rise in local traction stress, while rear edge is temporarily stuck, followed by a sharp drop in traction stress upon detachment. This retraction type was most common in cells generating high average traction stress. In "pull" type retractions local traction stress and area retracted increase concomitantly. This was the predominant type of retraction in keratocytes and was observed mostly in cells generating low average traction stress. "Continuous" type retractions occur without any detectable change in traction stress, and are seen in cells generating low average traction stress. In contrast, to many other cell types, "release" type retractions occur in keratocytes following a decrease in local traction stress. Our identification of distinct modes of retraction suggests that contractile forces may play different roles in detachment that are related to rear adhesion strength. To determine how the regulation of contractility via MLCK or Rho kinase contributes to the mechanics of detachment, inhibitors were used to block or augment these pathways. Modulation of MLCK activity led to the most rapid change in local traction stress suggesting its importance in regulating attachment strength. Surprisingly, Rho kinase was not required for detachment, but was essential for localizing

  3. Effectiveness of Mini Implants in Three-Dimensional Control During Retraction - A Clinical Study

    OpenAIRE

    Victor, Deepak; Prabhakar, Ramchandra; Karthikeyan, M.K.; R.Saravanan; Vanathi, P.; Vikram, N. Raj; Reddy, P. Adarsh; Sudeepthi, M.

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: Three-dimensional control throughout the orthodontic treatment is essential for uncompromised results. Mini screws introduced for orthodontic anchorage has given the clinician an option of absolute three dimensional control. The purpose of this study was to compare and measure the vertical control and torque control of incisors and molar during enmass retraction with titanium microimplants and conventional molar anchorage.

  4. Retraction of an intrathecal baclofen infusion catheter following suprapubic cystotomy: a case report.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Martens, F.M.J.; Somford, D.M.; Kuppevelt, D.H. van; Burg, M.J. van den; Heesakkers, J.P.F.A.

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Intrathecal baclofen, administered via a Baclofen pump, is used for patients with spasticity. We report here a case of intrathecal catheter retraction following surgery. CASE REPORT: A male patient with adrenoleukodystrophy and a baclofen pump implant was admitted to the urology depart

  5. 77 FR 75189 - Certain Electronic Devices Having a Retractable USB Connector; Termination of an Investigation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-19

    .... 77 FR 31039-40 (Aug. 12, 2011). The notice of investigation named more than forty respondents. The... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION Certain Electronic Devices Having a Retractable USB Connector; Termination of an...

  6. Serbo-Croatian accent retraction : its course and character in the dialect of Dubrovnik

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ligorio, Orsat

    2016-01-01

    Serbo-Croatian Accent Retraction: Its Course and Character in the Dialect of Dubrovnik investigates the evolution of the place of stress in the history of Serbo-Croatian accentuation. The dialect of Dubrovnik, which belongs to the Neoštokavian dialect group, is characterised, like the Serbo-Croatia

  7. Anatomical alterations of the visual motion processing network in migraine with and without aura.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Granziera

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Patients suffering from migraine with aura (MWA and migraine without aura (MWoA show abnormalities in visual motion perception during and between attacks. Whether this represents the consequences of structural changes in motion-processing networks in migraineurs is unknown. Moreover, the diagnosis of migraine relies on patient's history, and finding differences in the brain of migraineurs might help to contribute to basic research aimed at better understanding the pathophysiology of migraine. METHODS AND FINDINGS: To investigate a common potential anatomical basis for these disturbances, we used high-resolution cortical thickness measurement and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI to examine the motion-processing network in 24 migraine patients (12 with MWA and 12 MWoA and 15 age-matched healthy controls (HCs. We found increased cortical thickness of motion-processing visual areas MT+ and V3A in migraineurs compared to HCs. Cortical thickness increases were accompanied by abnormalities of the subjacent white matter. In addition, DTI revealed that migraineurs have alterations in superior colliculus and the lateral geniculate nucleus, which are also involved in visual processing. CONCLUSIONS: A structural abnormality in the network of motion-processing areas could account for, or be the result of, the cortical hyperexcitability observed in migraineurs. The finding in patients with both MWA and MWoA of thickness abnormalities in area V3A, previously described as a source in spreading changes involved in visual aura, raises the question as to whether a "silent" cortical spreading depression develops as well in MWoA. In addition, these experimental data may provide clinicians and researchers with a noninvasively acquirable migraine biomarker.

  8. Volver a hablar de aura: Algunas consideraciones metodológicas

    OpenAIRE

    Cecilia Bettoni

    2013-01-01

    Este artículo parte de la premisa de que la elaboración del concepto de aura ha dependido sustancialmente de las formulaciones expresadas por Walter Benjamin en “La obra de arte en la época de su reproductibilidad técnica”. Dado este sesgo infligido por la teoría del arte, proponemos expandir los rendimientos que este concepto puede alcanzar hoy, para lo que emprendemos una rehabilitación que busca inscribirlo en otro marco epistemológico: el de la experiencia. Con miras a este objetivo, revi...

  9. Validation of the Aura Microwave Limb Sounder Temperature and Geopotential Height Measurements

    OpenAIRE

    Schwartz, M.; Lambert, A.; Manney, G.L.; Read, W. G.; Livesey, N.J.; L. Froidevaux; C. O. Ao; Bernath, P. F.; Boone, C. D.; Cofield, R.E.; W. H. Daffer; Drouin, B.J.; E. J. Fetzer; Fuller, R. A.; Jarnot, R.F.

    2008-01-01

    Global satellite observations of temperature and geopotential height (GPH) from the Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS) on the EOS Aura spacecraft are discussed. The precision, resolution, and accuracy of the data produced by the MLS version 2.2 processing algorithms are quantified, and recommendations for data screening are made. Temperature precision is 1 K or better from 316 hPa to 3.16 hPa, degrading to ∼3 K at 0.001 hPa. The vertical resolution is 3 km at 31.6 hPa, degrading to 6 km at 316 hPa ...

  10. Validation of Aura Microwave Limb Sounder BrO observations in the stratosphere

    OpenAIRE

    J. Kovalenko, L.; L. Livesey, N.; J. Salawitch, R.; Camy-Peyret, C.; P. Chipperfield, M.; E. Cofield, R.; Dorf, M.; J. Drouin, B.; L. Froidevaux; Fuller, R. A.; Goutail, Florence; F. Jarnot, R.; Jucks, K.; W. Knosp, B.; Lambert, A.

    2007-01-01

    Validation of stratospheric BrO vertical profiles obtained by the Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS) on the Aura satellite is discussed. MLS BrO measurements are compared with expectations of its latitudinal and seasonal dependence, as well as with more localized balloon-borne measurements of BrO. We describe the expected precision and systematic errors of the version 2.2 retrieval and show that scientific studies using MLS BrO vertical profiles require extensive averaging to increase the signal-to...

  11. Plano de comunicação integrada de marketing da empresa Aura Light Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Lopes, Inês Alves dos Santos

    2013-01-01

    Mestrado em Marketing Actualmente as empresas apercebem-se que devem mudar a sua posição no mercado e a sua forma de promover os produtos e serviços, sendo a Comunicação Integrada de Marketing de extremo valor para o trabalho dos marketeers, num ambiente de comunicação caracterizado por rápidas mudanças (Belch e Belch, 2003). Este projecto tem como objectivo a elaboração de um plano de Comunicação Integrada de Marketing para a empresa Aura Light Portugal, cujos objectivos pa...

  12. Características clínicas da enxaqueca sem aura

    OpenAIRE

    QUEIROZ LUIZ PAULO DE; RAPOPORT ALAN MARK; SHEFTELL FRED DAVID

    1998-01-01

    Um estudo aprofundado das características clínicas da enxaqueca sem aura (ESA) revela alguns dados interessantes. Um questionário foi respondido por 200 pacientes que preenchiam os critérios da Sociedade Internacional de Cefaléia para ESA. O pico do início da enxaqueca foi entre 10 e 19 anos de idade. A cefaléia era restrita a um lado em 19%. Era exclusivamente bilateral em 9%. A maioria (86,2%) dos pacientes que descreveram cefaléias em um único local localizou-a na área fronto-temporal. Cer...

  13. 再论光的粒子性以及多普勒效应%Restudy Particle-like Nature of Light and Doppler Effect

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李宜和; 乔庆鹏; 樊超杰

    2012-01-01

      利用光的粒子性考查了特殊情形下的光的多普勒效应,给出了光的多普勒效应更一般的形式,结果与以光的波动性为出发点得到的结论一致%  Doppler effect is studied using particle-like nature of light under special situation. General form of Doppler effect is provided, and it is agreed with the results obtained by undulatory property of light.

  14. Clinical study of gingival retraction time on the effect of gingival retraction%排龈时间对排龈效果影响的临床研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张津京; 刘玉华

    2011-01-01

    目的 比较三种排龈时间下的排龈效果,为临床上排龈时间的选择提供参考.方法 选取10名志愿者的59颗前磨牙或尖牙,于颊侧龈沟分别进行三种时间的排龈(5、10、15分钟),两次排龈间隔至少2周.制取排龈后的印模并灌制石膏模型.根据模型上牙龈不同位置牙龈与牙面的分离情况,对排龈效果由好到差进行0~3分的评分,其中0分及1分记为满意,比较不同排龈时间下排龈效果得分及满意率间的差异.结果 三种排龈时间的排龈效果得分存在统计学差异(P<0.05),随排龈时间的延长排龈效果满意率逐渐增大,排龈10分钟即可达到较好的排龈效果满意率.结论 在本实验条件下,印模制取前使用单线机械法排龈至少需要10分钟.%Objective To compare gingival retraction effects under three different types of retraction time, so as to provide references for dentists to choose gingival retraction time in clinical works. Methods Selecting 59 premolars or canines from 10 volunteers, for which gingival retraction cords were applied on the buccal sulcus under three different types of retraction time (5, 10 and 15 minutes) , respectively. The least interval between two retraction procedures was 2 weeks. Impressions and plaster models were made after gingival retraction. Based on the separation between gingival crest and tooth surface on different gingival areas of the models, gingival retraction effects from good to bad were graded from 0 to 3 score, in which 0 and 1 scores were considered to be acceptable. The scores and accepting rates of gingival retraction effects among different retraction time were compared and analyzed. Results There are statistical differences of the scores on gingival retraction effects under three types of retraction time ( P <0.05 ). The accepting rates of gingival retraction effects increased as gingival retraction time prolonged. A good accepting rate of gingival retraction effect could be

  15. Primary intracranial angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma presenting with anaemia and migraine-like headaches and aura as early clinical features

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Jakob Møller; Larsen, Vibeke Andrée; Scheie, David;

    2015-01-01

    A 17-year-old female with migraine with aura complained of fatigue and was diagnosed with anemia. Three years later, changes in her headache pattern prompted hospital referral. Brain MRI showed a bi-lobed extra-axial intracerebral tumor encroaching both parieto-occipital regions. The resection...... specimen yielded a rare diagnosis of primary intracranial angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma (AFH). Tumor removal resulted in cessation of her migraine and anemia. AFH may cause systemic symptoms--in this case fatigue and anemia--long before focal neurological symptoms are present. This is the first report...... of an intracranial AFH presenting as migraine with visual aura and anemia....

  16. Hearing voices: does it give your patient a headache? A case of auditory hallucinations as acoustic aura in migraine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Van der Feltz-Cornelis CM

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Christina M van der Feltz-Cornelis1–3, Henk Biemans1, Jan Timmer11Clinical Centre for Body, Mind and Health, GGz Breburg, Tilburg, The Netherlands; 2Faculty of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Tilburg University, Tilburg, The Netherlands; 3Trimbos Instituut, Utrecht, The NetherlandsObjective: Auditory hallucinations are generally considered to be a psychotic symptom. However, they do occur without other psychotic symptoms in a substantive number of cases in the general population and can cause a lot of individual distress because of the supposed association with schizophrenia. We describe a case of nonpsychotic auditory hallucinations occurring in the context of migraine.Method: Case report and literature review.Results: A 40-year-old man presented with imperative auditory hallucinations that caused depressive and anxiety symptoms. He reported migraine with visual aura as well which started at the same time as the auditory hallucinations. The auditory hallucinations occurred in the context of nocturnal migraine attacks, preceding them as aura. No psychotic disorder was present. After treatment of the migraine with propranolol 40 mg twice daily, explanation of the etiology of the hallucinations, and mirtazapine 45 mg daily, the migraine subsided and no further hallucinations occurred. The patient recovered.Discussion: Visual auras have been described in migraine and occur quite often. Auditory hallucinations as aura in migraine have been described in children without psychosis, but this is the first case describing auditory hallucinations without psychosis as aura in migraine in an adult. For description of this kind of hallucination, DSM-IV lacks an appropriate category.Conclusion: Psychiatrists should consider migraine with acoustic aura as a possible etiological factor in patients without further psychotic symptoms presenting with auditory hallucinations, and they should ask for headache symptoms when they take the history. Prognosis may be

  17. Cerebral blood flow velocities are reduced during attacks of unilateral migraine without aura

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, L L; Iversen, Helle Klingenberg; Olesen, J

    1995-01-01

    It has been disputed whether or not large intracranial arteries are dilated during migraine attacks. In order to answer this question the present transcranial Doppler study focused on side-to-side differences of middle cerebral artery blood velocity during unilateral attacks of migraine without...... aura in 25 patients. Blood velocity in the middle cerebral artery was lower on the headache side (59 cm/s) than on the non-headache side (65 cm/s) during the migraine attack. No such difference was found outside of attack (65 cm/s both sides). The difference (headache side minus non-headache side) was...... on average -6.1 cm/s during attack compared to -0.4 cm/s outside of attack (p = 0.01). Assuming that rCBF is unchanged during attacks of migraine without aura, our results suggest a 9% increase in middle cerebral artery lumen (cross-sectional area) on the affected side during unilateral attacks of...

  18. Direct Microtubule-Binding by Myosin-10 Orients Centrosomes toward Retraction Fibers and Subcortical Actin Clouds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kwon, Mijung; Bagonis, Maria; Danuser, Gaudenz; Pellman, David

    2015-08-10

    Positioning of centrosomes is vital for cell division and development. In metazoan cells, spindle positioning is controlled by a dynamic pool of subcortical actin that organizes in response to the position of retraction fibers. These actin "clouds" are proposed to generate pulling forces on centrosomes and mediate spindle orientation. However, the motors that pull astral microtubules toward these actin structures are not known. Here, we report that the unconventional myosin, Myo10, couples actin-dependent forces from retraction fibers and subcortical actin clouds to centrosomes. Myo10-mediated centrosome positioning requires its direct microtubule binding. Computational image analysis of large microtubule populations reveals a direct effect of Myo10 on microtubule dynamics and microtubule-cortex interactions. Myo10's role in centrosome positioning is distinct from, but overlaps with, that of dynein. Thus, Myo10 plays a key role in integrating the actin and microtubule cytoskeletons to position centrosomes and mitotic spindles. PMID:26235048

  19. Retracted: Postoperative pain after irrigation with Vibringe versus a conventional needle: a randomized controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bilgili, D; Yilmaz, S; Dumani, A; Yoldas, O

    2016-08-01

    The following article from International Endodontic Journal, 'Postoperative pain after irrigation with Vibringe versus a conventional needle: a randomized controlled trial' by D. Bilgili, S. Yilmaz, A. Dumani & O. Yoldas, published online on 29 February 2016 in Wiley Online Library (wileyonlinelibrary.com), has been retracted by agreement between the authors, the Journal Editor in Chief, Prof. Paul Dummer, and John Wiley & Sons Ltd. The retraction has been agreed because the corresponding author did not contact the first author who carried out the work before alterations to the article were made prior to submission. This damages the integrity of the work and there are additional concerns over the number of patients and the accuracy of the results and conclusions. PMID:26855328

  20. [Retracted] Clinical, pathological and genetic characteristics of autosomal dominant inherited dynamin 2 centronuclear myopathy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Xinhong; Wu, Huamin; Gong, Jian; Wang, Tao; Yan, Chuanzhu

    2016-07-01

    We wish to retract our article entitled 'Clinical, pathological and genetic characteristics of autosomal dominant inherited dynamin 2 centronuclear myopathy' published in Molecular Medicine Reports 13: 4273-4278, 2016. The article was submitted by the first author, Xinhong Liu, without the prior knowledge of the corresponding author, Chuanzhu Yan, or the other authors included on the paper. Furthermore, the details of the paper were not discussed by the authors prior to the submission, and all are in agreement that the paper contains data therein (and interpretations thereof) which are either inaccurate or inappropriate. All the authors agree to this retraction, and we apologize for the inconvenience caused in this regard.[the original article was published in the Molecular Medicine Reports 13: 4273-4278, 2016; DOI: 10.3892/mmr.2016.5047]. PMID:27176730

  1. RETRACTED: The Application of Symmetric Key Cryptographic Algorithms in Wireless Sensor Networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Si, Lingling; Ji, Zhigang; Wang, Zhihui

    This article has been retracted: please see Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal. This article has been retracted at the request of the Publisher. The authors have plagiarized a paper that had already appeared in "Queen's 25th Biennial Symposium on Communications", page 168-172, print ISBN 978-1-4244-5709-0, http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/BSC.2010.5472979. One of the conditions of submission of a paper for publication is that authors declare explicitly that their work is original and has not appeared in a publication elsewhere. Re-use of any data should be appropriately cited. As such this article represents a severe abuse of the scientific publishing system. The scientific community takes a very strong view on this matter and apologies are offered to readers of the journal that this was not detected during the submission process.

  2. RETRACTED: On a general class of regular rotating black holes based on a smeared mass distribution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larranaga, Alexis; Cardenas-Avendano, Alejandro; Torres, Daniel Alexdy

    2015-04-01

    This article has been retracted: please see Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal (href="http://www.elsevier.com/locate/withdrawalpolicy" This article has been retracted at the request of the Editor-in-Chief. The authors have plagiarized part of a paper that had already appeared in Adv. High Energy Physics, P. Nicolini, A. Orlandi, E. Spallucci, The Final Stage of Gravitationally Collapsed Thick Matter Layers, Vol 2013 (2013), Article ID 812084 http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/812084. One of the conditions of submission of a paper for publication is that authors declare explicitly that their work is original and has not appeared in a publication elsewhere. Re-use of any data should be appropriately cited. As such this article represents a severe abuse of the scientific publishing system. The scientific community takes a very strong view on this matter and apologies are offered to readers of the journal that this was not detected during the submission process.

  3. 不同排龈药物的排龈效果观察%The retractive effects of different gingival retraction agents

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯云枝; 曾晓华

    2011-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the retractive effects of different gingival retraction agents. Methods Thirty subjects with healthy gingival conditions were recruited to the trial, and the buccal gingival sulcns of the hibateral first max-illary premolars of each subject (n=60) were treated randomly with one of the six agents-Group A was tetrahydrozoline hydrochloride, Group B was oxymetazoline hydrochloride, Group C was epinephrine hydrochlorid, Group D was AlCl3, Group E was Fe2 (S04)3, and Group F was normal saline as control. Both pre-treated and post-treated accurate impressions of buccal gingival sulcus of the experimental teeth were made, so were the anhydrite casts. The casts of experimental teeth were sectioned into 2 mm slices bucco-lingually at the buccal eminence. Then the width of the sulcus was measured as the distance from the tooth to the crest of the gingival under a low-power microscope to compare the effect of these giagival retraction agents. Results The width of gingival sulcus became larger after the treatment in all groups(P<0.05). Either Group A or Group B had greater gingival retraction effects than Group C and Group F (P<0.05). Except Group F, both Group D and Group E had no significant differences from the other groups (P>0.05). There was no statistically signification between Group D and Group E (P>0.05), neither was there any statistically significance between Group A and Group B (P>0.05). Conclusion Tetrahydrozoline manifested excellent effect of gingival retraction.%目的 观察不同排龈药物的排龈效果.方法选择30例志愿者的双侧上颌第一前磨牙(共60颗)作为研究牙齿,随机分成A~F共6组,分别使用含不同排龈药物的排龈线进行颊侧排龈处理.A组为盐酸四氢唑啉,B组为盐酸羟甲唑啉组,C组为盐酸肾上腺素,D组为氯化铝,E组为硫酸铁,F组为生理盐水.于排龈前后分别精确取模,获得排龈牙颊侧龈沟的清晰印模,在硬石膏模型上沿牙冠长轴

  4. Gingival Retraction Methods for Fabrication of Fixed Partial Denture: Literature Review

    OpenAIRE

    Safari S; Vossoghi Sheshkalani Ma; Vossoghi Sheshkalani Mi; Hoseini Ghavam F; Hamedi M

    2016-01-01

    Fixed dental prosthesis success requires appropriate impression taking of the prepared finish line. This is critical in either tooth supported fixed prosthesis (crown and bridge) or implant supported fixed prosthesis (solid abutment). If the prepared finish line is adjacent to the gingival sulcus, gingival retraction techniques should be used to decrease the marginal discrepancy among the restoration and the prepared abutment. Accurate marginal positioning of the restoration in the prepared f...

  5. Actin turnover is required to prevent axon retraction driven by endogenous actomyosin contractility

    OpenAIRE

    Gallo, Gianluca; Yee, Hal F.; Letourneau, Paul C.

    2002-01-01

    Growth cone motility and guidance depend on the dynamic reorganization of filamentous actin (F-actin). In the growth cone, F-actin undergoes turnover, which is the exchange of actin subunits from existing filaments. However, the function of F-actin turnover is not clear. We used jasplakinolide (jasp), a cell-permeable macrocyclic peptide that inhibits F-actin turnover, to study the role of F-actin turnover in axon extension. Treatment with jasp caused axon retraction, demonstrating that axon ...

  6. Comparison of canine retraction using single and Siamese edgewise brackets: An in vivo study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zeeshan Iqbal Bhat

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: The purpose of this study was to check the rate of canine retraction with bodily mechanics using two different pre-adjusted edgewise bracket Systems. Materials and Methods: A split mouth study with twenty patients who were randomly selected and allotted to a single operator. Duration of canine retraction, angulation of canine during its retraction, degree of Rotation, anchorage Loss, distance between canine and premolar at different time intervals were then evaluated, pre- (To, 3 months- (T1 and canine tip touches the second premolar- (T2. Descriptive statistics including mean values and standard deviations were calculated. Paired and unpaired t-test was performed to evaluate the differences between the groups. Results: Rotation and angulation of the canines did not show significant difference in both the systems. There was statistically significant difference (P<0.01 in anchorage loss between single wing and Siamese bracket being 2.65 ±1.41 mm and 1.31 ± 0.93 respectively. There was statistically significant intergroup difference (P<0.01 in canine movement i.e distance between canine and premolar was recorded as 4.72mm (15.06 ± 1.69 to 10.34 ± 1.68mm in single wing bracket and 6.25mm in Siamese (15.52 ± 1.41 to 9.27 ± 1.94. Conclusion: In cases where high anchorage is required and the rate of canine retraction is a concern, Siamese brackets pose a definite advantage over Single wing brackets.

  7. "Demographic faultlines: A meta-analysis of the literature": Retraction of Thatcher and Patel (2011).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-08-01

    Reports the retraction of "Demographic faultlines: A meta-analysis of the literature" by Sherry M. B. Thatcher and Pankaj C. Patel (, 2011[Nov], Vol 96[6], 1119-1139). At the request of the editor and in consultation with the American Psychological Association, the article is being retracted. This action is a result of a review by the editor and two additional experts that determined that there are significant errors in Tables 1, 2, and 3 which may affect the overall conclusions of the article. Co-author Pankaj C. Patel led the analysis, and both authors acknowledge that inaccuracies were made. The retraction of this article does not preclude resubmission of a new article that addresses the issues noted in the retraction. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record .) We propose and test a theoretical model focusing on antecedents and consequences of demographic faultlines. We also posit contingencies that affect overall team dynamics in the context of demographic faultlines, such as the study setting and performance measurement. Using meta-analysis structural equation modeling with a final data set consisting of 311 data points (i.e., [predictor-criterion relationships]), from 39 studies that were obtained from 36 papers with a total sample size of 24,388 individuals in 4,366 teams, we found that sex and racial diversity increased demographic faultline strength more than did diversity on the attributes of functional background, educational background, age, and tenure. Demographic faultline strength was found to increase task and relationship conflict as well as decrease team cohesion. Furthermore, although demographic faultline strength decreased both team satisfaction and team performance, there was a stronger decrease in team performance than in team satisfaction. The strength of these relationships increased when the study was conducted in the lab rather than in the field. We describe the theoretical and practical implications of these

  8. Eugregarine trophozoite detachment from the host epithelium via epimerite retraction: Fiction or fact?

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Valigurová, A.; Michalková, V.; Koudela, Břetislav

    2009-01-01

    Roč. 39, č. 11 (2009), s. 1235-1242. ISSN 0020-7519 R&D Projects: GA MŠk LC522 Grant ostatní: GA MŠk(CZ) MSM0021622416 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z60220518 Keywords : Apicomplexa * epimerite retraction * trophozoite Subject RIV: GJ - Animal Vermins ; Diseases, Veterinary Medicine Impact factor: 3.819, year: 2009

  9. Two-dimensional wave patterns of spreading depolarization: retracting, re-entrant, and stationary waves

    OpenAIRE

    Dahlem, Markus A.; Graf, Rudolf; Strong, Anthony J.; Dreier, Jens P.; Dahlem, Yuliya A.; Sieber, Michaela; Hanke, Wolfgang; Podoll, Klaus; Schoell, Eckehard

    2009-01-01

    We present spatio-temporal characteristics of spreading depolarizations (SD) in two experimental systems: retracting SD wave segments observed with intrinsic optical signals in chicken retina, and spontaneously occurring re-entrant SD waves that repeatedly spread across gyrencephalic feline cortex observed by laser speckle flowmetry. A mathematical framework of reaction-diffusion systems with augmented transmission capabilities is developed to explain the emergence and transitions between the...

  10. A comparative study of frictional resistance during simulated canine retraction on typodont model

    OpenAIRE

    Sukh, Ram; Singh, Gulshan K; Tandon, Pradeep; Singh, Gyan P.; SINGH Alka

    2013-01-01

    Objectives: Frictional resistance is an important counterforce to orthodontic tooth movement during sliding mechanics. This study was carried out to evaluate the effect of different bracket-archwire-ligation combinations on “resistance to sliding” during simulated canine retraction on typodont model. Materials and Methods: the frictional resistance was tested between three modern orthodontic brackets-stainless steel, ceramic, and ceramic with metal slot (0.022-inch), and seven different archw...

  11. RETRACT OF CONSENT, UNDER THE REGULATION OF THE ROMANIAN CONSUMPTION LAW

    OpenAIRE

    JUANITA GOICOVICI

    2011-01-01

    The article encompasses the four main zones of incidence, in the Romanian legislation, of the consumer’s right to retract the prior consent, namely the contracts concluded outside commercial spaces, contracts agreed at distance, including electronic bargains, credits offered to consumers and time-sharing contracts. First, we briefly discuss the various possibilities of consent withdrawal, as described by national law and examine the discretionary character of withdrawal rights. Next, attentio...

  12. AURA 2

    OpenAIRE

    Dassi, Erik; Re, Angela; Leo, Sara; Tebaldi, Toma; Pasini, Luigi; Peroni, Daniele; Quattrone, Alessandro

    2014-01-01

    Post-transcriptional regulation (PTR) of gene expression is now recognized as a major determinant of cell phenotypes. The recent availability of methods to map protein-RNA interactions in entire transcriptomes such as RIP, CLIP and their variants, together with global polysomal and ribosome profiling techniques, are driving the exponential accumulation of vast amounts of data on mRNA contacts in cells, and of corresponding predictions of PTR events. However, this exceptional quantity of infor...

  13. Filopodial retraction force is generated by cortical actin dynamics and controlled by reversible tethering at the tip

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bornschlögl, Thomas; Romero, Stéphane; Vestergaard, Christian L.;

    2013-01-01

    Filopodia are dynamic, finger-like plasma membrane protrusions that sense the mechanical and chemical surroundings of the cell. Here, we show in epithelial cells that the dynamics of filopodial extension and retraction are determined by the difference between the actin polymerization rate at the...... tip and the retrograde flow at the base of the filopodium. Adhesion of a bead to the filopodial tip locally reduces actin polymerization and leads to retraction via retrograde flow, reminiscent of a process used by pathogens to invade cells. Using optical tweezers, we show that filopodial retraction...... occurs at a constant speed against counteracting forces up to 50 pN. Our measurements point toward retrograde flow in the cortex together with frictional coupling between the filopodial and cortical actin networks as the main retraction-force generator for filopodia. The force exerted by filopodial...

  14. Intraluminal magnetisation of bowel by ferromagnetic particles for retraction and manipulation by magnetic probes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Z; André, P; McLean, D; Brown, S I; Florence, G J; Cuschieri, A

    2014-11-01

    Feasibility studies are needed to demonstrate that safe and effective manipulation of bowel during Minimal Access Surgery (MAS) can be obtained by use of magnetic force. This paper characterises two classes of magnetic particles: stainless steel microparticles (SS-μPs) and iron oxide nanoparticles (IO-nPs) in terms of their magnetisation, chemical composition, crystallinity, morphology and size distribution. Both magnetic particles were dispersed in a high viscosity biological liquid for intraluminal injection of bowel. Ex vivo porcine bowel segments were then retracted by permanent magnetic probes of 5.0 and 10mm diameter. Strong retraction forces reaching 6N maximum were obtained by magnetic fluid based on dispersion of SS-μPs. In contrast, the IO-nP-based magnetic liquid generated less attraction force, due to both lower magnetic and solution properties of the IO-nPs. The comparison of the two particles allowed the identification of the rules to engineer the next generation of particles. The results with SS-μPs provide proof on concept that intraluminal injection of magnetic fluid can generate sufficient force for efficient bowel retraction. Thereafter we shall carry out in vivo animal studies for efficacy and safety of both types of ferrofluids. PMID:25169469

  15. One-dimensional steady continuum model of retraction of pseudopod in leukocytes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, C; Skalak, R; Schmid-Schönbein, G W

    1989-02-01

    A one-dimensional steady state continuum mechanics model of retraction of pseudopod in leukocytes is developed. The retracting pseudopod is assumed to move bodily toward the main cell body, the bulk motion of which can be represented by cytoplasmic flow within a typical stream tube through the leukocyte. The stream tube is approximated by a frictionless tube with prescribed geometry. The passive rheological properties of cytoplasm in the main cell body and in the pseudopod are modeled, respectively, by Maxwell fluid and Hookean solid. The two regions are assumed to be separated by a sharp interface at which actin gel solates and thereby changes its rheological properties as it flows from the pseudopod to the main cell body. The driving mechanism responsible for the active retraction motion is hypothesized to be a spontaneous deformation of the actin gel, analogous but not necessarily equal to the well known actin-myosin interaction. This results in an active contractile stress being developed in the pseudopod as well as in the cell cortex. The transverse traction pulls against the inclined wall of the stream tube and is transduced into an axial stress gradient, which in turn drives the flow. The tension on the tube wall is picked up by the prestressed cortical shell. Governing equations and boundary conditions are derived. A solution is obtained. Sample data are computed. Comparison of the theory with experiments shows that the model is compatible to the observations. PMID:2747236

  16. Abnormal brain processing of pain in migraine without aura: a high-density EEG brain mapping study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Egsgaard, L L; Jensen, R; Buchgreitz, L; Egsgaard, Line Lindhardt; Jensen, Rigmor Højland; Arendt-Nielsen, L; Bendtsen, L

    2010-01-01

    In the present study we used high-density EEG brain mapping to investigate spatio-temporal aspects of brain activity in response to experimentally induced muscle pain in 17 patients with migraine without aura and 15 healthy controls. Painful electrical stimuli were applied to the trapezius muscle...

  17. Increased cerebrovascular pCO2 reactivity in migraine with aura--a transcranial Doppler study during hyperventilation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, L L; Iversen, Helle Klingenberg; Olesen, J

    1995-01-01

    cerebral artery was measured with transcranial Doppler. In each subject a pCO2 reactivity index (RI) was calculated as (delta Vmean/baseline Vmean)/delta pCO2. Interictally, patients with migraine with aura showed higher RI (p < 0.05 ANOVA and multiple range test) than controls, whereas migraineurs without...

  18. Canine retraction and anchorage loss self-ligating versus conventional brackets: a systematic review and meta-analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Zhou, Qiaozhen; ul Haq, Abdul Azeem Amin; Tian, Liu; Chen, Xiaofeng; Huang, Kui; Zhou, Yu

    2015-01-01

    Background The purpose of this systematic review is to identify and review the orthodontic literature with regards to assessing possible differences in canine retraction rate and the amount of antero-posterior anchorage (AP) loss during maxillary canine retraction, using conventional brackets (CBs) and self-ligating brackets (SLBs). Methods An electronic search without time or language restrictions was undertake in September 2014 in the following electronic databases: The Cochrane Oral Health...

  19. Lever-arm and mini-implant system for anterior torque control during retraction in lingual orthodontic treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hong, Ryoon-Ki; Heo, Jung-Min; Ha, Young-Ki

    2005-01-01

    Anterior torque control during retraction is difficult to achieve with lingual orthodontic treatment. This article describes the use of a lever-arm and mini-implant system as absolute anchorage for controlled retraction of the anterior teeth during lingual orthodontic treatment and evaluates 2 protrusion cases treated with this system. Various clinical situations are discussed and analyzed from a biomechanical standpoint. Mini-implants are needed to control the point of force application in the posterior area and produce en masse retraction with no anchorage loss. When the length of the lever-arm is adjusted to the position of the mini-implant, the desired line of action of the retraction force with respect to the center of resistance of the anterior segment is selected. Controlled retraction of the anterior teeth was achieved with no loss of anchorage. The mini-implant, in conjunction with the lever-arm, is useful not only for absolute anchorage but also for anterior torque control during retraction in lingual orthodontic treatment. PMID:15747828

  20. aura (mid1ip1l) regulates the cytoskeleton at the zebrafish egg-to-embryo transition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eno, Celeste; Solanki, Bharti; Pelegri, Francisco

    2016-05-01

    Embryos from females homozygous for a recessive maternal-effect mutation in the gene aura exhibit defects including reduced cortical integrity, defective cortical granule (CG) release upon egg activation, failure to complete cytokinesis, and abnormal cell wound healing. We show that the cytokinesis defects are associated with aberrant cytoskeletal reorganization during furrow maturation, including abnormal F-actin enrichment and microtubule reorganization. Cortical F-actin prior to furrow formation fails to exhibit a normal transition into F-actin-rich arcs, and drug inhibition is consistent with aura function promoting F-actin polymerization and/or stabilization. In mutants, components of exocytic and endocytic vesicles, such as Vamp2, Clathrin and Dynamin, are sequestered in unreleased CGs, indicating a need for CG recycling in the normal redistribution of these factors. However, the exocytic targeting factor Rab11 is recruited to the furrow plane normally at the tip of bundling microtubules, suggesting an alternative anchoring mechanism independent of membrane recycling. A positional cloning approach indicates that the mutation in aura is associated with a truncation of Mid1 interacting protein 1 like (Mid1ip1l), previously identified as an interactor of the X-linked Opitz G/BBB syndrome gene product Mid1. A Cas9/CRISPR-induced mutant allele in mid1ip1l fails to complement the originally isolated aura maternal-effect mutation, confirming gene assignment. Mid1ip1l protein localizes to cortical F-actin aggregates, consistent with a direct role in cytoskeletal regulation. Our studies indicate that maternally provided aura (mid1ip1l) acts during the reorganization of the cytoskeleton at the egg-to-embryo transition and highlight the importance of cytoskeletal dynamics and membrane recycling during this developmental period. PMID:26965374

  1. Aerobic exercise and plasma beta endorphin levels in patients with migrainous headache without aura.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Köseoglu, E; Akboyraz, A; Soyuer, A; Ersoy, A O

    2003-12-01

    This study aims to evaluate the effects of plasma beta endorphin level and exercise on migrainous headache. Forty patients with migrainous headache without aura (MWOA), firstly exercised on a treadmill and afterwards were asked to continue an aerobic home exercise program for six weeks. On evaluation, basal plasma beta endorphin level was negatively correlated with total duration of attacks in the last month period (P = 0.01). Exercise was found to have beneficial effects on all migraine parameters (P endorphin levels after the treadmill practice (P exercise program except four patients not regularly attended to the program (P endorphin level. However, pre-exercise beta endorphin level was found to be negatively correlated with the changes in the number of attacks (P endorphin level due to exercise (P exercise on migrainous headache, especially in patients with lower basal beta endorphin level. PMID:14984230

  2. IMPORTANCE OF AROMAS ON MOOD PROFILE AND HUMAN AURA (Qualitative Vibrations of Prana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Srilakshmi R* and N ShakuntalaManay

    2013-06-01

    , Bangalore, India took part in the study. A pre-test was conducted to check the Aura status of all the twenty subjects. Based on pre-test health status a purposive sample was worked out. Those subjects whose health aura was in good condition were selected as Control Group, (n=10 and others whose health aura was affected were chosen as Experimental Group (n=10 and the Experimental Group were subjected to intervention programme along with Aroma Treatment. Based on the investigator’s observations, an experiment was designed to study the influence of Aroma on the subject’s physiological and psychological moods and feelings, effect on Chakras and their Human Aura. Statistical test χ2 (Chi-square was used to test the significance between Experimental and Control Groups for comparison. The aroma Nectar of Divine Joy has yielded significant results both in objective and subjective test obtained by the Experimental group. The result showed that the intervention programme helped in retaining higher emotions. This study points out that the auric field one carries depends upon one’s own thought forms that one generates through emotions and feelings.  To bathe inner organs with the highest mood profile is to experience the highest vitality in body and mind as one vibrates and radiates the well-being around them in homonymous state.  This growth is a teleotic journey in emotions and feelings towards the Divine state.

  3. NO2 Total and Tropospheric Vertical Column Densities from OMI on EOS Aura: Update

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gleason, J.F.; Bucsela, E.J.; Celarier, E.A.; Veefkind, J.P.; Kim, S.W.; Frost, G.F.

    2009-01-01

    The Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI), which is on the EOS AURA satellite, retrieves vertical column densities (VCDs) of NO2, along with those of several other trace gases. The relatively high spatial resolution and daily global coverage of the instrument make it particularly well-suited to monitoring tropospheric pollution at scales on the order of 20 km. The OMI NO2 algorithm distinguishes polluted regions from background stratospheric NO2 using a separation algorithm that relies on the smoothly varying stratospheric NO2 and estimations of both stratospheric and tropospheric air mass factors (AMFs). Version 1 of OMI NO2 data has been released for public use. An overview of OMI NO2 data, some recent results and a description of the improvements for version 2 of the algorithm will be presented.

  4. Investigations of functional and structural changes in migraine with aura by magnetic resonance imaging

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hougaard, Anders

    2015-01-01

    ) activation to compare left versus right hemisphere responses to symmetric full-field visual stimulation in 54 healthy subjects (study I). This study concluded that, a) the applied visual stimulation is effective in activating large expanses of visual cortex, b) interhemispheric differences in f.......e. ≥= 90% of auras occurring in the same visual hemifield (study II). To circumvent bias relating to differences between right and left hemispheres (e.g. caused by physiological left/right bias, asymmetry of the visual stimulation or magnetic field inhomogeneity of the scanner), we included an equal number...... of patients with right- and left-sided symptoms. Further, we included 20 individually matched healthy controls with no history (including family history) of migraine. We compared the fMRI-BOLD responses to visual stimulation between symptomatic and asymptomatic hemispheres during the interictal phase...

  5. Validation of the Aura Microwave Limb Sounder Temperature and Geopotential Height Measurements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwartz, M. J.; Lambert, A.; Manney, G. L.; Read, W. G.; Livesey, N. J.; Froidevaux, L.; Ao, C. O.; Bernath, P. F.; Boone, C. D.; Cofield, R. E.; Daffer, W. H.; Drouin, B. J.; Fetzer, E. J.; Fuller, R. A.; Jarnot, R. F.; Jiang, J. H.; Jiang, Y. B.; Knosp, B. W.; Krueger, K.; Li, J.-L. F.; Mlynczak, M. G.; Pawson, S.; Russell, J. M., III; Santee, M. L.; Snyder, W. V.

    2007-01-01

    This paper describes the retrievals algorithm used to determine temperature and height from radiance measurements by the Microwave Limb Sounder on EOS Aura. MLS is a "limbscanning" instrument, meaning that it views the atmosphere along paths that do not intersect the surface - it actually looks forwards from the Aura satellite. This means that the temperature retrievals are for a "profile" of the atmosphere somewhat ahead of the satellite. Because of the need to view a finite sample of the atmosphere, the sample spans a box about 1.5km deep and several tens of kilometers in width; the optical characteristics of the atmosphere mean that the sample is representative of a tube about 200-300km long in the direction of view. The retrievals use temperature analyses from NASA's Goddard Earth Observing System, Version 5 (GEOS-5) data assimilation system as a priori states. The temperature retrievals are somewhat deperrdezt on these a priori states, especially in the lower stratosphere. An important part of the validation of any new dataset involves comparison with other, independent datasets. A large part of this study is concerned with such comparisons, using a number of independent space-based measurements obtained using different techniques, and with meteorological analyses. The MLS temperature data are shown to have biases that vary with height, but also depend on the validation dataset. MLS data are apparently biased slightly cold relative to correlative data in the upper troposphere and slightly warm in the middle stratosphere. A warm MLS bias in the upper stratosphere may be due to a cold bias in GEOS-5 temperatures.

  6. Two-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy with modified suture retraction of the fundus: A practical approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ming G Tian

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Context: Although transumbilical single incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SILC has been demonstrated to be superior cosmetic, it is only limited to simple cases at present. In complex cases, the standard four- or three-port LC is still the treatment of choice. Aim: To summarize the clinical effect of a modified technique in two-port LC. Settings and Design: A consecutive series of patients with benign gallbladder diseases admitted to the provincial teaching hospital who underwent LC in the past 4 years were included. A modified two-port LC was the first choice except for those requiring laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (LCBDE. Materials and Methods: The operation was done with suture retraction of the fundus by a needle-like retractor. The patients′ data, including the operative time, time consumed by gallbladder retraction, operative bleeding, conversion rate, rate of adding trocars, and postoperative complications were recorded. Statistical Analysis: Data were expressed as percentage and mean with standard deviation. Results: Total 107 patients with chronic calculous cholecystitis (N = 61, acute calculous cholecystitis (N = 43, and cholecystic polyps (N = 3 received two-port LC. The procedure was successful in 99 out of 107 cases (success rate, 92.5%, and a third trocar was added in the remaining 8 cases (7.5% due to severe pathological changes. The operative time was 47.2 (±13.21 min. There was no conversion to open surgery. Conclusion: Two-port LC using a needle-like retractor for suture retraction of the gallbladder fundus is a practical approach when considering the safety, convenience, and indications as well as relatively minimal invasion.

  7. Comparative photoelastic study of dental and skeletal anchorages in the canine retraction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristiane Aparecida de Assis Claro

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To compare dental and skeletal anchorages in mandibular canine retraction by means of a stress distribution analysis. METHODS: A photoelastic model was produced from second molar to canine, without the first premolar, and mandibular canine retraction was simulated by a rubber band tied to two types of anchorage: dental anchorage, in the first molar attached to adjacent teeth, and skeletal anchorage with a hook simulating the mini-implant. The forces were applied 10 times and observed in a circular polariscope. The stresses located in the mandibular canine were recorded in 7 regions. The Mann-Whitney test was employed to compare the stress in each region and between both anchorage systems. The stresses in the mandibular canine periradicular regions were compared by the Kruskal-Wallis test. RESULTS: Stresses were similar in the cervical region and the middle third. In the apical third, the stresses associated with skeletal anchorage were higher than the stresses associated with dental anchorage. The results of the Kruskal-Wallis test showed that the highest stresses were identified in the cervical-distal, apical-distal, and apex regions with the use of dental anchorage, and in the apical-distal, apical-mesial, cervical-distal, and apex regions with the use of skeletal anchorage. CONCLUSIONS: The use of skeletal anchorage in canine retraction caused greater stress in the apical third than the use of dental anchorage, which indicates an intrusive component resulting from the direction of the force due to the position of the mini-implant and the bracket hook of the canine.

  8. OMI/Aura Cloud Pressure and Fraction (Raman Scattering) 1-Orbit L2 Swath 13x24 km V003 NRT

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The reprocessed Aura OMI Version 003 Level 2 Cloud Data Product OMCLDRR is made available (in April 2012) to the public from the NASA Goddard Earth Sciences Data...

  9. OMI/Aura Sulphur Dioxide (SO2) Total Column 1-orbit L2 Swath 13x24 km V003 NRT

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) was launched aboard the EOS-Aura satellite on July 15, 2004 (1:38 pm equator crossing time, ascending mode). OMI with its 2600...

  10. OMI/Aura Near UV Aerosol Optical Depth and Single Scattering Albedo 1-orbit L2 Swath 13x24 km V003 NRT

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The OMI/Aura level-2 near UV Aerosol data product 'OMAERUV', recently re-processed using an enhanced algorithm, is now released (April 2012) to the public. The data...

  11. Fauna helmintológica peruana: Paryphostomum huaccaci sp. n. (Echinostomotidoe parásito de Cathartes aura jota Molino, 1782

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicanor Ibáñez H.

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Es motivo de la presente nota, contribuir al conocimiento de un trematodo: Paryphostomum huaccaci sp. n. perteneciente o la Familia Echinostomatidae Poche, 1926 y que parásita a Cathartes aura jota Molina, 1782.

  12. RETRACTED: Auricular prosthesis fabrication using computer-aided design and rapid prototyping technologies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shah, Mayank

    2016-06-01

    At the request of the editorMayank Shah 'Auricular prosthesis fabrication using computer-aided design and rapid prototyping technologies' Prosthetics and Orthotics International, published online before print on October 8, 2013 as doi:10.1177/0309364613504779has been retracted. This is because it contains unattributed overlap withK. Subburaj, C. Nair, S. Rajesh, S. M. Meshram, B. Ravi 'Rapid development of auricular prosthesis using CAD and rapid prototyping technologies' International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery 2007; 36: 938-943 doi:10.1016/j.ijom.2007.07.013. PMID:24104058

  13. Buckling-induced retraction of spherical shells: A study on the shape of aperture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Sen; Xie, Yi Min; Li, Qing; Huang, Xiaodong; Zhou, Shiwei

    2015-06-01

    Buckling of soft matter is ubiquitous in nature and has attracted increasing interest recently. This paper studies the retractile behaviors of a spherical shell perforated by sophisticated apertures, attributed to the buckling-induced large deformation. The buckling patterns observed in experiments were reproduced in computational modeling by imposing velocity-controlled loads and eigenmode-affine geometric imperfection. It was found that the buckling behaviors were topologically sensitive with respect to the shape of dimple (aperture). The shell with rounded-square apertures had the maximal volume retraction ratio as well as the lowest energy consumption. An effective experimental procedure was established and the simulation results were validated in this study.

  14. Microendoscopic Removal of Deep-Seated Brain Tumors Using Tubular Retraction System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ratre, Shailendra; Yadav, Yad Ram; Parihar, Vijay Singh; Kher, Yatin

    2016-07-01

    Background Retraction of the overlying brain can be difficult without causing significant trauma when using traditional brain retractors with blades. These retractors may produce focal pressure and may result in brain contusion or infarction. Tubular retractors offer the advantage of low retracting pressure that is less likely to be traumatic. Low retraction pressure in the tubular retractor is due to the distribution of retraction force in all directions in a larger area. Material and Methods We conducted a retrospective study of 100 patients with deep-seated tumors operated on from January 2010 to December 2014. Tumor removal was accomplished with the help of a microscope and/or endoscope. Tubular brain retractors sizes 23, 18, and 15 mm were used. Folding of the tubular retractor after making a longitudinal cut allowed a small corticectomy. Larger retractor sizes were used in the earlier part of the study and in larger tumors. All the patients were evaluated postoperatively by computed tomography scan on the first postoperative day, and subsequent scans were done as and when needed. Any brain contusion or infarctions and the amount of tumor removal were recorded. Results A total of 74 patients had astrocytomas; 12, meningiomas; 4, colloid cyst of the third ventricle; 4, metastases; 4, primitive neuroectodermal tumor; 1, neurocytoma; and 1, ependymoma. Pure endoscopic excision without using a microscope was performed in 12 patients. Lesions were in the frontal (n = 34), parietal (n = 22), intraventricular (n = 16), basal ganglion or thalamic (n = 14), occipital (n = 10), and cerebellar (n = 4) areas. Total, near-total, and partial excision was achieved in 49, 29, and 22 patients, respectively. Use of a conventional retractor for excision of peripheral and superficial parts of a large tumor, small brain contusions, and technical failure were observed in 7, 4, and 1 patient, respectively. The low incidence of contusion may be partly

  15. Theoretical modelling of wakes from retractable flapping wings in forward flight.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parslew, Ben; Crowther, William J

    2013-01-01

    A free-wake method is used to simulate the wake from retractable, jointed wings. The method serves to complement existing experimental studies that visualise flying animal wakes. Simulated wakes are shown to be numerically convergent for a case study of the Rock Pigeon in minimum power cruising flight. The free-wake model is robust in simulating wakes for a range of wing geometries and dynamics without requiring changes to the numerical method. The method is found to be useful for providing low order predictions of wake geometries. However, it is not well suited to reconstructing 3d flowfields as solutions are sensitive to the numerical mesh node locations. PMID:23882442

  16. Theoretical modelling of wakes from retractable flapping wings in forward flight

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ben Parslew

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available A free-wake method is used to simulate the wake from retractable, jointed wings. The method serves to complement existing experimental studies that visualise flying animal wakes. Simulated wakes are shown to be numerically convergent for a case study of the Rock Pigeon in minimum power cruising flight. The free-wake model is robust in simulating wakes for a range of wing geometries and dynamics without requiring changes to the numerical method. The method is found to be useful for providing low order predictions of wake geometries. However, it is not well suited to reconstructing 3d flowfields as solutions are sensitive to the numerical mesh node locations.

  17. Retracted article: Flexible Fourier Stationary Test in GDP per capita for Central Eastern European Countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meng-Nan Zhu

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Statement of Retraction (http://www.efri.uniri.hr/prikaz.asp?txt_id=7366 This is to notify our respectful reading public that the Editorial Board of the journal Zbornik radova Ekonomskog fakulteta u Rijeci, časopis za ekonomsku teoriju i praksu/ Proceedings of Rijeka Faculty of Economics, Journal of Economics and Business has retracted the following article from publication: “Flexible Fourier Stationary Test in GDP per capita for Central Eastern European Countries“, by Hsu-Ling Chang, Chi-Wei Su, Meng-Nan Zhu, published in our journal Zbornik radova Ekonomskog fakulteta u Rijeci, časopis za ekonomsku teoriju i praksu/ Proceedings of Rijeka Faculty of Economics, Journal of Economics and Business, 2011, vol. 29 (1, pp. 51-63 and almost concurrently published in the journal Eastern European Economics, 2011, vol. 49 (3, pp. 54-65. Being in contact with Josef C Brada, Professor Emeritus, Editor of the journal Eastern European Economics (EEE, we realized that the paper had been sent to both journals, although first published in the EEE and then in our Journal. According to professor Brada’s and our analysis, the paper published in these two journals is exactly the same, except for minor differences in wording, most likely due to editing the text before publication. The outstanding differences are in the title and the fact that the paper published in our Journal has three authors and in EEE journal has two. Whatsoever, owing to the fact that the article had been sent to both journals almost at the same time, it had been impossible to find out the case during the review procedure. Due to this unpleasant situation, our Editorial Board would like to inform our valuable readers that all the necessary measures to retract the paper from our publication have been undertaken and according to publishing ethical principles, cooperation with the authors of the retracted paper have been stopped. Although, in this case neither EEE nor our Journal had any

  18. OPTIMAL ALGORITHM FOR NO TOOlRETRACTIONS CONTOUR-PARALLEL OFFSET TOOL-PATH LINKING

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HAO Yongtao; JIANG Lili

    2007-01-01

    A contour-parallel offset (CPO) tool-path linking algorithm is derived without toolretractions and with the largest practicability. The concept of "tool-path loop tree" (TPL-tree)providing the information on the parent/child relationships among the tool-path loops (TPLs) is presented. The direction, tool-path loop, leaf/branch, layer number, and the corresponding points of the TPL-tree are introduced. By defining TPL as a vector, and by traveling throughout the tree, a CPO tool-path without tool-retractions can be derived.

  19. Interfacial tension of PBT/SAN blends by the drop retraction method

    OpenAIRE

    Edson Noriyuki Ito; Marcelo Massayoshi Ueki; Rosario Elida Suman Bretas; Elias Hage Junior

    2008-01-01

    The aim of this work was to evaluate the interfacial tension from the poly(butylene terephtalate) and poly(styrene-co-acrylonitrile) (PBT/SAN) interface region using the drop retraction method. SAN filaments were sandwiched between two PBT films; the whole system was heated up to 240 °C, in a hot stage coupled to an optical microscope. The rheological parameters of the PBT/SAN system were obtained by parallel plates rheometry. An increase of the interfacial tension with the PBT molecular weig...

  20. Rotating and retractable lighting device for a swimming pool containing radioactive materials

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The lighting device is retractable under the action of appliances working in the swimming pool or thanks to various impacts. Each arm is assembled pivoting around a vertical axis. Return means as spring allow to bring back in a balanced angular position the arm carrying a headlight in a determined angular position after the arm and the headlight having been spread from this position in an intentional or fortuitous way. Application to lighting devices for nuclear reactor swimming pools. (Author). 4 figs., 3 refs

  1. EFFETTI DEL TOPIRAMATO SULLA VASOREATTIVITA' CEREBRALE VALUTATA MEDIANTE DOPPLER TRANSCRANICO IN PAZIENTI AFFETTI DA EMICRANIA CON E SENZ'AURA DURANTE IL PERIODO INTERICTALE

    OpenAIRE

    RICCIARDI, MARIA CHIARA

    2012-01-01

    Interictal cerebrovascular reactivity to hypercapnia and middle cerebral arteries (MCA) mean flow velocities were investigated in 20 patients with high-frequency migraine (8 with aura and 12 without aura) and 19 age and sex-matched healthy controls by means the CO2 reactivity test. Patients were started on prophylactic treatment with topiramate 100 mg per day, and measurements were repeated after 8 weeks treatment. Baseline mean blood flow velocities were not different in the controls and p...

  2. Velocity of Canine Retraction in Angle Class I Treated with First Premolar Extraction: Effect of Facial Pattern.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakamura, Yu; Toyodome, Yoriko; Ishii, Takenobu; Sakamoto, Teruo; Motegi, Etsuko; Sueishi, Kenji

    2015-01-01

    Recently, new methods have been applied to increase velocity of tooth movement. A standard mean of tooth movement velocity remains to be established, however. Moreover, to our knowledge, no studies have investigated the effect of factors affecting this velocity. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of facial pattern on the mean velocity of canine retraction in selected cases of orthodontic treatment carried out at this hospital. A total of 112 patients with Angle Class I crowding treated with extraction of the bilateral maxillary and mandibular first premolars and a conventional edgewise bracket were selected at random. The canine retraction period was defined as that between the end of leveling and the beginning of anterior retraction, and was obtained from medical records. Calipers were used to measure how far the canine cusps moved between pre- and post-surgically on superimposed cephalometric tracings. The velocity of canine retraction was significantly slower in the maxilla of male patients with a brachyofacial pattern (p<0.01). Canine retraction is the longest stage of orthodontic treatment. Here, movement was slowest in the maxilla of male patients with a brachyofacial pattern. This indicates that treatment may take longer than average in male patients with a brachyofacial pattern, and that this should be explained prior to commencing such work. PMID:26370574

  3. Drosophila motor neuron retraction during metamorphosis is mediated by inputs from TGF-β/BMP signaling and orphan nuclear receptors.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Boulanger

    Full Text Available Larval motor neurons remodel during Drosophila neuro-muscular junction dismantling at metamorphosis. In this study, we describe the motor neuron retraction as opposed to degeneration based on the early disappearance of β-Spectrin and the continuing presence of Tubulin. By blocking cell dynamics with a dominant-negative form of Dynamin, we show that phagocytes have a key role in this process. Importantly, we show the presence of peripheral glial cells close to the neuro-muscular junction that retracts before the motor neuron. We show also that in muscle, expression of EcR-B1 encoding the steroid hormone receptor required for postsynaptic dismantling, is under the control of the ftz-f1/Hr39 orphan nuclear receptor pathway but not the TGF-β signaling pathway. In the motor neuron, activation of EcR-B1 expression by the two parallel pathways (TGF-β signaling and nuclear receptor triggers axon retraction. We propose that a signal from a TGF-β family ligand is produced by the dismantling muscle (postsynapse compartment and received by the motor neuron (presynaptic compartment resulting in motor neuron retraction. The requirement of the two pathways in the motor neuron provides a molecular explanation for the instructive role of the postsynapse degradation on motor neuron retraction. This mechanism insures the temporality of the two processes and prevents motor neuron pruning before postsynaptic degradation.

  4. Effect of botulinum toxin for eyelid retraction in dysthyroid ophthalmopathy as related to hypertrophy of intraorbital muscles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study was to report the effect of botulinum toxin for eyelid retraction in dysthyroid ophthalmopathy with or without hypertrophy of intraorbital muscles. We reviewed 28 eyes of 23 cases who received injection of botulinum toxin for eyelid retraction. Eyelid retraction improved in 23 eyes (82%). The height of palpebral fissure ranged from 8 to 12 mm, average 10.8 mm, before treatment. It ranged from 5 to 12 mm, average 9.4 mm, 2 weeks after treatment. The difference was significant. By magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), hypertrophy of levator and/or superior rectus muscle was present in 19 eyes and absent in 9 eyes. Eyelid retraction improved in 2 eyes (11%) in the former group and in one eye (11%) in the latter. Dalrymple sign was present in 28 eyes before and disappeared in 14 eyes after treatment. Graefe sign was present in 28 eyes before and disappeared in one eye after treatment. Botulinum toxin is effective for eyelid retraction and not for Graefe sign in dysthyroid ophthalmopathy. (author)

  5. Gene expression microarray analysis of the spinal trigeminal nucleus in a rat model of migraine with aura

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ruozhuo Liu; Shengyuan Yu; Fengpeng Li; Enchao Qiu

    2012-01-01

    Cortical spreading depression can trigger migraine with aura and activate the trigeminal vascular system. To examine gene expression profiles in the spinal trigeminal nucleus in rats following cortical spreading depression-induced migraine with aura, a rat model was established by injection of 1 M potassium chloride, which induced cortical spreading depression. DNA microarray analysis revealed that, compared with the control group, the cortical spreading depression group showed seven upregulated genes-myosin heavy chain 1/2, myosin light chain 1, myosin light chain (phosphorylatable, fast skeletal muscle), actin alpha 1, homeobox B8, carbonic anhydrase 3 and an unknown gene. Two genes were downregulated-RGD1563441 and an unknown gene. Real-time quantitative reverse transcription-PCR and bioinformatics analysis indicated that these genes are involved in motility, cell migration, CO2 /nitric oxide homeostasis and signal transduction.

  6. Evaluation of the Oxoid Aura image system for measuring zones of inhibition with the disc diffusion technique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andrews, J M; Boswell, F J; Wise, R

    2000-10-01

    In this study the Oxoid Aura image antibiotic sensitivity test system, used as a stand-alone device, was compared with manual zone measurement and use of a template, for the determination of sensitivities. An overall correlation coefficient of 0.99 was observed for zone diameters measured using the Aura image system and zones measured manually, when the differences between zones were within 3 mm; 5.4% of zones showed a difference in zone diameter between manual and automated measurement of >3 mm. The results obtained using the template method for interpretation were less reliable than zone measurement, with cefuroxime and ampicillin tested against Enterobacteriaceae and Acinetobacter spp. When linked to a laboratory patient database, the bar code and disc identification facilities avoided errors that were associated with manual data entry. PMID:11020249

  7. Environmental drivers of variability in the movement ecology of turkey vultures (Cathartes aura) in North and South America

    OpenAIRE

    Dodge, Somayeh; Bohrer, Gil; Bildstein, Keith; Davidson, Sarah C.; Weinzierl, Rolf; Bechard, Marc J.; Barber, David; Kays, Roland; Brandes, David; Han, Jiawei; Wikelski, Martin

    2014-01-01

    Variation is key to the adaptability of species and their ability to survive changes to the Earth's climate and habitats. Plasticity in movement strategies allows a species to better track spatial dynamics of habitat quality. We describe the mechanisms that shape the movement of a long-distance migrant bird (turkey vulture, Cathartes aura) across two continents using satellite tracking coupled with remote-sensing science. Using nearly 10 years of data from 24 satellite-tracked vultures in fou...

  8. Five blind men and the elephant: what can the NASA Aura ozone measurements tell us about stratosphere-troposphere exchange?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Q. Tang

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available We examine whether the individual ozone (O3 measurements from the four Aura instruments can quantify the stratosphere-troposphere exchange (STE flux of O3, an important term of the tropospheric O3 budget. The level 2 (L2 Aura swath data and the nearly coincident ozone sondes for the years 2005–2006 are compared with the 4-D, high-resolution (1° × 1° × 40-layer × 0.5 h model simulation of atmospheric ozone for the same period from the University of California, Irvine chemistry transport model (CTM. The CTM becomes a transfer standard for comparing individual profiles from these five, not-quite-coincident measurements of atmospheric ozone. Even with obvious model discrepancies identified here, the CTM can readily quantify instrument-instrument biases in the tropical upper troposphere and mid-latitude lower stratosphere. In terms of STE processes, all four Aura datasets have some skill in identifying stratosphere-troposphere folds, and we find several cases where both model and measurements see evidence of high-O3 stratospheric air entering the troposphere. In many cases identified in the model, however, the individual Aura profile retrievals in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere show too much noise, as expected from their low sensitivity and coarse vertical resolution at and below the tropopause. These model-measurement comparisons of individual profiles do provide some level of confidence in the model-derived STE O3 flux, but it will be difficult to integrate this flux from the satellite data alone.

  9. Fully three-dimensional reconstruction for a PET camera with retractable septa

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reports on a fully 3-D reconstruction algorithm developed to reconstruct data from a sixteen-ring PET camera (a Siemens/CTI 953B) with automatically retractable septa. The tomograph is able to acquire coincidences between any pair of detector rings and septa retraction increases the total system count rate by a factor of 7.8 (including scatter) and 4.7 (scatter subtracted) for a uniform, 20 cm diameter cylinder. The reconstruction algorithm is based on 3-D filtered backprojection, expressed in a form suitable for the multi-angle sinogram data. Sinograms which are not measured due to the truncated cylindrical geometry of the tomograph, but which are required for a spatially-invariant response function, are obtained by forward projection. After filtering, the complete set of sinograms is backprojected into a 3-D volume of 128 x 128 x 31 voxels using a voxel-driven procedure. The algorithm has been validated with simulation, and tested with both phantom and clinical data from the 953B

  10. Vision Therapy for Convergence Insufficiency Co-Incident with Duane Retraction Syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tonya Tira, OD

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: Duane retraction syndrome (DRS is a congenital ocular motility disorder characterized by limited abduction and/or limited adduction, globe retraction, and narrowing of the palpebral fissure on adduction. Because of adduction limits, these patients may also exhibit convergence insufficiency (CI. Symptomatic individuals can often benefit from optometric vision therapy (OVT. Although OVT does not treat the DRS itself, these procedural interventions can alleviate symptoms by improving vergence and accommodative ability. Case: A 10-year-old girl was referred for complaints of asthenopia at near and intermittent horizontal diplopia on side gaze. She exhibited signs of intermittent alternating exotropia at near and poor pursuit eye movements. A visual skills evaluation revealed DRS and CI; with the latter being managed successfully with OVT. Symptoms were relieved entirely with a relatively short course of therapy for the CI, despite the presence of adduction limitations due to congenital miswiring of the lateral rectus. Conclusion: Optometric vision therapy is not a common treatment consideration for patients with DRS, but underlying binocular vision anomalies may cause some of these patients to be symptomatic. Appropriate testing should be performed to reveal these visual skills deficits and referrals should be made for OVT when indicated. It is important to understand that a disease or pathological state can have one or more associated functional overlays that can be successfully treated with a resultant improved quality of life.

  11. Effect of intrusive and retraction forces in labial and lingual orthodontics: A finite element study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rohan Mascarenhas

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: Lingual orthodontics differs in biomechanics as compared to labial system and has biomechanical advantages. Although theoretical approaches have explained the differences between labial and lingual orthodontics, the finite element method (FEM may be better suited to analyze these differences. This study analyzes the effect of vertical and horizontal forces together on the tooth using FEM. Materials and Methods: An extracted right maxillary central incisor was radiographed and was used to create a solid model using ANSYS. The geometric model was converted into a finite element model with the help of ANSYS software. The model consists of 27,000 elements and 30,000 nodes. Two force vectors (vertical and horizontal were applied labially and lingually at 3 different heights- 4 mm, 5 mm and 6 mm from the incisal edge. Results: In the labial system, the net force vector passes through the center of resistance (CR and brings about intrusion. The net force vector in lingual orthodontics does not pass through the center of resistance and produces lingual tipping of the incisors. Conclusion: Intrusion and retraction forces bring about tipping of incisors in lingual orthodontics. The same amount of intrusion and retraction forces brings about intrusion of incisors in labial orthodontics. Therefore, direction and amount of forces should be carefully and judiciously applied after taking into consideration the resultant biomechanical differences.

  12. Improved Geometry of Decellularized Tissue Engineered Heart Valves to Prevent Leaflet Retraction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanders, Bart; Loerakker, Sandra; Fioretta, Emanuela S; Bax, Dave J P; Driessen-Mol, Anita; Hoerstrup, Simon P; Baaijens, Frank P T

    2016-04-01

    Recent studies on decellularized tissue engineered heart valves (DTEHVs) showed rapid host cell repopulation and increased valvular insufficiency developing over time, associated with leaflet shortening. A possible explanation for this result was found using computational simulations, which revealed radial leaflet compression in the original valvular geometry when subjected to physiological pressure conditions. Therefore, an improved geometry was suggested to enable radial leaflet extension to counteract for host cell mediated retraction. In this study, we propose a solution to impose this new geometry by using a constraining bioreactor insert during culture. Human cell based DTEHVs (n = 5) were produced as such, resulting in an enlarged coaptation area and profound belly curvature. Extracellular matrix was homogeneously distributed, with circumferential collagen alignment in the coaptation region and global tissue anisotropy. Based on in vitro functionality experiments, these DTEHVs showed competent hydrodynamic functionality under physiological pulmonary conditions and were fatigue resistant, with stable functionality up to 16 weeks in vivo simulation. Based on implemented mechanical data, our computational models revealed a considerable decrease in radial tissue compression with the obtained geometrical adjustments. Therefore, these improved DTEHV are expected to be less prone to host cell mediated leaflet retraction and will remain competent after implantation. PMID:26183964

  13. Drive system for the retraction/extension of variable diameter rotor systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gmirya, Yuriy (Inventor)

    2003-01-01

    A drive system for a variable diameter rotor (VDR) system includes a plurality of rotor blade assemblies with inner and outer rotor blade segments. The outer blade segment being telescopically mounted to the inner blade segment. The VDR retraction/extension system includes a drive housing mounted at the root of each blade. The housing supports a spool assembly, a harmonic gear set and an electric motor. The spool assembly includes a pair of counter rotating spools each of which drive a respective cable which extends through the interior of the inboard rotor blade section and around a pulley mounted to the outboard rotor blade section. In operation, the electric motor drives the harmonic gear set which rotates the counter rotating spools. Rotation of the spools causes the cables to be wound onto or off their respective spool consequently effecting retraction/extension of the pulley and the attached outboard rotor blade section relative the inboard rotor blade section. As each blade drive system is independently driven by a separate electrical motor, each independent VDR blade assembly is independently positionable.

  14. Characterization of ozone profiles derived from Aura TES and OMI radiances

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Fu

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available We present satellite based ozone profile estimates derived by combining radiances measured at thermal infrared (TIR wavelengths from the Aura Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer (TES and ultraviolet (UV wavelengths measured by the Aura Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI. The advantage of using these combined wavelengths and instruments for sounding ozone over either instrument alone is improved sensitivity near the surface as well as the capability to consistently resolve the lower troposphere, upper troposphere, and lower stratosphere for scenes with varying geophysical states. For example, the vertical resolution of ozone estimates from either TES or OMI varies strongly by surface albedo and temperature. Typically, TES provides 1.6 degrees of freedom for signal (DOFS and OMI provides less than 1 DOFS in the troposphere. The combination provides 2 DOFS in the troposphere with approximately 0.4 DOFS for near surface ozone (surface to 700 hPa. We evaluated these new ozone profile estimates with ozonesonde measurements and found that calculated errors for the joint TES and OMI ozone profile estimates are in reasonable agreement with actual errors as derived by the root-mean-square (RMS difference between the ozonesondes and the joint TES/OMI ozone estimates. We also used a common a priori profile in the retrievals in order to evaluate the capability of different retrieval approaches on capturing near-surface ozone variability. We found that the vertical resolution of the joint TES/OMI ozone profile estimates shows significant improvements on quantifying variations in near-surface ozone with RMS differences of 49.9% and correlation coefficient of R = 0.58 for the TES/OMI near-surface estimates as compared to 67.2% RMS difference and R = 0.33 for TES and 115.8% RMS difference and R = 0.09 for OMI. This comparison removes the impacts of using the climatological a priori in the retrievals. However, it results in artificially large sonde

  15. Hypersomnia in children affected by migraine without aura: a questionnaire-based case-control study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esposito M

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Maria Esposito,1 Michele Roccella,2 Lucia Parisi,2 Beatrice Gallai,3 Marco Carotenuto11Center for Childhood Headache, Unit of Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry, Department of Mental Health, Physical, and Preventive Medicine, Second University of Naples, Naples, Italy; 2Child Neuropsychiatry, Department of Psychology, University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy; 3Unit of Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry, University of Perugia, Perugia, ItalyBackground: The relationship between sleep and headache is meaningful and complex. Children affected by migraines tend to show many sleep disorders, such as insufficient sleep duration and excessive daytime somnolence. Therefore, the aim of this study is to assess the rate of reported sleep habits and self-reported sleepiness in a large pediatric sample of individuals affected by migraine without aura (MoA.Methods: The study population consisted of 271 children aged between 6 and 13 years affected by MoA. The control group was composed of 305 typically developing children. To assess the sleep habits of all individuals (MoA and control, parents filled out the Sleep Disturbance Scale for Children, and to check the degree of subjective perceived daytime sleepiness, all subjects were administered the Pediatric Daytime Sleepiness Scale.Results: The two study groups were matched for age (P = 0.124, sex distribution (P = 0.775, and body mass index z-score (P = 0.107. Parents of children affected by MoA reported a higher total score of sleep disorder symptoms (P < 0.001, disorders of initiating and maintaining (P < 0.001, and disorders of arousal (P < 0.001 than did parents of controls. No significant differences were found in disorders of excessive somnolence. Conversely, in the Pediatric Daytime Sleepiness Scale, migraine children had higher scores (24.67 ± 3.19 vs 11.94 ± 4.81; P < 0.001 and a reduction in referred total sleep time mean duration (469.83 ± 98.112 vs 527.94 ± 83.02; P < 0.001 than typically

  16. “Chase Sound Boys Out of Earth”: The Aura of Dubplate Specials in Finnish Reggae Sound System Culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kim Ramstedt

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available This study seeks to expand our understanding of how dubplate specials are produced, circulated, and culturally valued in the international reggae sound system culture of the dub diaspora by analysing the production and performance of “Chase the Devil” (2005, a dubplate special commissioned by the Finnish MPV sound system from Jamaican reggae singer Max Romeo. A dubplate special is a unique recording where, typically, a reggae artist re-records the vocals to one of his or her popular songs with new lyrics that praise the sound system that commissioned the recording. Scholars have previously theorized dubplates using Walter Benjamin’s concept of aura, thereby drawing attention to the exclusivity and uniqueness of these traditionally analog recordings. However, since the advent of digital technologies in both recording and sound system performance, what Benjamin calls the “cult value” of producing and performing dubplates has become increasingly complex and multi-layered, as digital dubplates now remediate prior aesthetic forms of the analog. By turning to ethnographic accounts from the sound system’s DJ selectors, I investigate how digital dubplates are still culturally valued for their aura, even as the very concept of aura falls into question when applied to the recording and performance of digital dubplates.

  17. A Global Climatology of Tropospheric and Stratospheric Ozone Derived from Aura OMI and MLS Measurements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ziemke, J.R.; Chandra, S.; Labow, G.; Bhartia, P. K.; Froidevaux, L.; Witte, J. C.

    2011-01-01

    A global climatology of tropospheric and stratospheric column ozone is derived by combining six years of Aura Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) and Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS) ozone measurements for the period October 2004 through December 2010. The OMI/MLS tropospheric ozone climatology exhibits large temporal and spatial variability which includes ozone accumulation zones in the tropical south Atlantic year-round and in the subtropical Mediterranean! Asia region in summer months. High levels of tropospheric ozone in the northern hemisphere also persist in mid-latitudes over the eastern North American and Asian continents extending eastward over the Pacific Ocean. For stratospheric ozone climatology from MLS, largest ozone abundance lies in the northern hemisphere in the latitude range 70degN-80degN in February-April and in the southern hemisphere around 40degS-50degS during months August-October. The largest stratospheric ozone abundances in the northern hemisphere lie over North America and eastern Asia extending eastward across the Pacific Ocean and in the southern hemisphere south of Australia extending eastward across the dateline. With the advent of many newly developing 3D chemistry and transport models it is advantageous to have such a dataset for evaluating the performance of the models in relation to dynamical and photochemical processes controlling the ozone distributions in the troposphere and stratosphere.

  18. Estimate of carbonyl sulfide tropical oceanic surface fluxes using Aura Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer observations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuai, Le; Worden, John R.; Campbell, J. Elliott; Kulawik, Susan S.; Li, King-Fai; Lee, Meemong; Weidner, Richard J.; Montzka, Stephen A.; Moore, Fred L.; Berry, Joe A.; Baker, Ian; Denning, A. Scott; Bian, Huisheng; Bowman, Kevin W.; Liu, Junjie; Yung, Yuk L.

    2015-10-01

    Quantifying the carbonyl sulfide (OCS) land/ocean fluxes contributes to the understanding of both the sulfur and carbon cycles. The primary sources and sinks of OCS are very likely in a steady state because there is no significant observed trend or interannual variability in atmospheric OCS measurements. However, the magnitude and spatial distribution of the dominant ocean source are highly uncertain due to the lack of observations. In particular, estimates of the oceanic fluxes range from approximately 280 Gg S yr-1 to greater than 800 Gg S yr-1, with the larger flux needed to balance a similarly sized terrestrial sink that is inferred from NOAA continental sites. Here we estimate summer tropical oceanic fluxes of OCS in 2006 using a linear flux inversion algorithm and new OCS data acquired by the Aura Tropospheric Emissions Spectrometer (TES). Modeled OCS concentrations based on these updated fluxes are consistent with HIAPER Pole-to-Pole Observations during 4th airborne campaign and improve significantly over the a priori model concentrations. The TES tropical ocean estimate of 70 ± 16 Gg S in June, when extrapolated over the whole year (about 840 ± 192 Gg S yr-1 ), supports the hypothesis proposed by Berry et al. (2013) that the ocean flux is in the higher range of approximately 800 Gg S yr-1.

  19. Determination of uranium and polonium in Spa rus aura ta by alpha spectrometry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aim of this study was optimizing conditions for the specific activities determination of some uranium-series radionuclides present in Spa rus aura ta by alpha spectrometry. Determinations of specific activities were conducted varying the type of digestion: acid attack on hot plate, controlled microwave digestion and acid attack after calcination of the sample. The latter procedure was applied only to the case of uranium isotopes determination. The variation in the isotope extraction method consisted of applying the techniques of liquid-liquid extracting using Tributyl phosphate or chromatographic UTEVA resin. Results depending on the type of treatment given to the samples were compared based on obtained chemical yields. The results reveal a higher bioaccumulation of polonium in the liver sample, with activities of 0.809, 2.495 and 2.439 Bq kg-1 fresh wt compared with the fillet. The best chemical yields of polonium were close to 60% for samples that were digested by microwave. In the case of uranium the best chemical yields, close to 80% for fillet, were obtained with a previous calcination of the sample and using the UTEVA resin. (Author)

  20. Hot spots and labyrinths: Why cortical neuromodulation for episodic migraine with aura should be personalized

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Markus A Dahlem

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Stimulation protocols for medical devices should be rationally designed. For episodic migraine with aura we outline model-based design strategies towards preventive and acute therapies using stereotactic cortical neuromodulation. To this end, we regard a localized spreading depression (SD wave segment as a central element in migraine pathophysiology. To describe nucleation and propagation features of the SD wave segment, we define the new concepts of cortical hot spots and labyrinths, respectively. In particular, we firstly focus exclusively on curvature-induced dynamical properties by studying a generic reaction-diffusion model of SD on the folded cortical surface. This surface is described with increasing level of details, including finally personalized simulations using patient's magnetic resonance imaging (MRI scanner readings. At this stage, the only relevant factor that can modulate nucleation and propagation paths is the Gaussian curvature, which has the advantage of being rather readily accessible by MRI. We conclude with discussing further anatomical factors, such as areal, laminar, and cellular heterogeneity, that in addition to and in relation to Gaussian curvature determine the generalized concept of cortical hot spots and labyrinths as target structures for neuromodulation. Our numerical simulations suggest that these target structures are like fingerprints, they are individual features of each migraine sufferer. The goal in the future will be to provide individualized neural tissue simulations. These simulations should predict the clinical data and therefore can also serve as a test bed for exploring stereotactic cortical neuromodulation.

  1. Three Way Comparison between Two OMI/Aura and One POLDER/PARASOL Cloud Pressure Products

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sneep, M.; deHaan, J. F.; Stammes, P.; Vanbaunce, C.; Joiner, J.; Vasilkov, A. P.; Levelt, P. F.

    2007-01-01

    The cloud pressures determined by three different algorithms, operating on reflectances measured by two space-borne instruments in the "A" train, are compared with each other. The retrieval algorithms are based on absorption in the oxygen A-band near 760 nm, absorption by a collision induced absorption in oxygen near 477nm, and the filling in of Fraunhofer lines by rotational Raman scattering. The first algorithm operates on data collected by the POLDER instrument on board PARASOL, while the latter two operate on data from the OMI instrument on board Aura. The satellites sample the same air mass within about 15 minutes. Using one month of data, the cloud pressures from the three algorithms are found to show a similar behavior, with correlation coefficients larger than 0.85 between the data sets for thick clouds. The average differences in the cloud pressure are also small, between 2 and 45 hPa, for the whole data set. For optically thin to medium thick clouds, the cloud pressure the distribution found by POLDER is very similar to that found by OMI using the O2 - O2 absorption. Somewhat larger differences are found for very thick clouds, and we hypothesise that the strong absorption in the oxygen A-band causes the POLDER instrument to retrieve lower pressures for those scenes.

  2. Stratospheric and mesospheric HO2 observations from the Aura Microwave Limb Sounder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Millán

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This study introduces stratospheric and mesospheric hydroperoxyl radical (HO2 estimates from the Aura Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS using an offline retrieval (i.e. run separately from the standard MLS algorithm. This new dataset provides two daily zonal averages, one during daytime and one during nighttime, with a varying vertical resolution from about 4 km at 10 hPa to around 14 km at 0.0032 hPa. A description of the methodology and an error analysis are presented. Comparisons against the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model (WACCM, the Superconducting Submillimeter-Wave Limb-Emission Sounder (SMILES and the Far Infrared Spectrometer (FIRS-2 measurements, as well as, photochemical simulations demonstrate the robustness of the retrieval and indicate that the retrieval is sensitive enough to detect mesospheric HO2 layers during both day and night. This new dataset is the first long-term HO2 stratospheric and mesospheric satellite record and it provides needed constraints to help resolve the O3 deficit problem and the "HOx dilemma".

  3. Determination of uranium and polonium in Spa rus aura ta by alpha spectrometry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Luna P, M.; Renteria, M.; Montero C, M. E. [Centro de Investigacion en Materiales Avanzados, S. C., Miguel de Cervantes No. 120, Complejo Industrial Chihuahua, 31109 Chihuahua (Mexico); Manjon C, G.; Diaz, I., E-mail: elena.montero@cimav.edu.mx [Universidad de Sevilla, Escuela Tecnica Superior de Arquitectura, Departamento de Fisica Aplicada II, San Fernando No. 4, 41004 Sevilla (Spain)

    2012-06-15

    The aim of this study was optimizing conditions for the specific activities determination of some uranium-series radionuclides present in Spa rus aura ta by alpha spectrometry. Determinations of specific activities were conducted varying the type of digestion: acid attack on hot plate, controlled microwave digestion and acid attack after calcination of the sample. The latter procedure was applied only to the case of uranium isotopes determination. The variation in the isotope extraction method consisted of applying the techniques of liquid-liquid extracting using Tributyl phosphate or chromatographic UTEVA resin. Results depending on the type of treatment given to the samples were compared based on obtained chemical yields. The results reveal a higher bioaccumulation of polonium in the liver sample, with activities of 0.809, 2.495 and 2.439 Bq kg{sup -1} fresh wt compared with the fillet. The best chemical yields of polonium were close to 60% for samples that were digested by microwave. In the case of uranium the best chemical yields, close to 80% for fillet, were obtained with a previous calcination of the sample and using the UTEVA resin. (Author)

  4. Effects of light deprivation on visual evoked potentials in migraine without aura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pierelli Francesco

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The mechanisms underlying the interictal habituation deficit of cortical visual evoked potentials (VEP in migraine are not well understood. Abnormal long-term functional plasticity of the visual cortex may play a role and it can be assessed experimentally by light deprivation (LD. Methods We have compared the effects of LD on VEP in migraine patients without aura between attacks (MO, n = 17 and in healthy volunteers (HV, n = 17. Six sequential blocks of 100 averaged VEP at 3.1 Hz were recorded before and after 1 hour of LD. We measured VEP P100 amplitude of the 1st block of 100 sweeps and its change over 5 sequential blocks of 100 responses. Results In HV, the consequence of LD was a reduction of 1st block VEP amplitude and of the normal habituation pattern. By contrast, in MO patients, the interictal habituation deficit was not significantly modified, although 1st block VEP amplitude, already lower than in HV before LD, further decreased after LD. Conclusions Light deprivation is thought to decrease both excitatory and subsequent inhibitory processes in visual cortex, which is in line with our findings in healthy volunteers. The VEP results in migraine patients suggest that early excitation was adequately suppressed, but not the inhibitory mechanisms occurring during long term stimulation and habituation. Accordingly, deficient intracortical inhibition is unlikely to be a primary factor in migraine pathophysiology and the habituation deficit.

  5. Next Generation Aura-OMI SO2 Retrieval Algorithm: Introduction and Implementation Status

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Can; Joiner, Joanna; Krotkov, Nickolay A.; Bhartia, Pawan K.

    2014-01-01

    We introduce our next generation algorithm to retrieve SO2 using radiance measurements from the Aura Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI). We employ a principal component analysis technique to analyze OMI radiance spectral in 310.5-340 nm acquired over regions with no significant SO2. The resulting principal components (PCs) capture radiance variability caused by both physical processes (e.g., Rayleigh and Raman scattering, and ozone absorption) and measurement artifacts, enabling us to account for these various interferences in SO2 retrievals. By fitting these PCs along with SO2 Jacobians calculated with a radiative transfer model to OMI-measured radiance spectra, we directly estimate SO2 vertical column density in one step. As compared with the previous generation operational OMSO2 PBL (Planetary Boundary Layer) SO2 product, our new algorithm greatly reduces unphysical biases and decreases the noise by a factor of two, providing greater sensitivity to anthropogenic emissions. The new algorithm is fast, eliminates the need for instrument-specific radiance correction schemes, and can be easily adapted to other sensors. These attributes make it a promising technique for producing long-term, consistent SO2 records for air quality and climate research. We have operationally implemented this new algorithm on OMI SIPS for producing the new generation standard OMI SO2 products.

  6. Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, linear dose, crossover study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a green coffee bean extract in overweight subjects [Retraction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vinson JA

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Vinson JA, Burnham BR, Nagendran MV. Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy. 2012;5:21–27. The sponsors of the study cannot assure the validity of the data so we, Joe Vinson and Bryan Burnham, are retracting the paper. This retraction relates to this paper. 

  7. Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, linear dose, crossover study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a green coffee bean extract in overweight subjects [Retraction

    OpenAIRE

    Vinson JA; Burnham BR; Nagendran MV

    2014-01-01

    Vinson JA, Burnham BR, Nagendran MV. Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy. 2012;5:21–27. The sponsors of the study cannot assure the validity of the data so we, Joe Vinson and Bryan Burnham, are retracting the paper. This retraction relates to this paper. 

  8. Spatial Phosphoprotein Profiling Reveals a Compartmentalized Extracellular Signal-regulated Kinase Switch Governing Neurite Growth and Retraction

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Yingchun; Yang, Feng; Fu, Yi; Huang, Xiahe; Wang, Wei; Jiang, Xining; Gritsenko, Marina A.; Zhao, Rui; Monroe, Matthew E.; Pertz, Olivier C.; Purvine, Samuel O.; Orton, Daniel J.; Jacobs, Jon M.; Camp, David G.; Smith, Richard D.; Klemke, Richard L.

    2011-05-20

    Abstract - Brain development and spinal cord regeneration require neurite sprouting and growth cone navigation in response to extension and collapsing factors present in the extracellular environment. These external guidance cues control neurite growth cone extension and retraction processes through intracellular protein phosphorylation of numerous cytoskeletal, adhesion, and polarity complex signaling proteins. However, the complex kinase/substrate signaling networks that mediate neuritogenesis have not been investigated. Here, we compare the neurite phosphoproteome under growth and retraction conditions using neurite purification methodology combined with mass spectrometry. More than 4000 non-redundant phosphorylation sites from 1883 proteins have been annotated and mapped to signaling pathways that control kinase/phosphatase networks, cytoskeleton remodeling, and axon/dendrite specification. Comprehensive informatics and functional studies revealed a compartmentalized ERK activation/deactivation cytoskeletal switch that governs neurite growth and retraction, respectively. Our findings provide the first system-wide analysis of the phosphoprotein signaling networks that enable neurite growth and retraction and reveal an important molecular switch that governs neuritogenesis.

  9. Finite element analysis of maxillary incisor displacement during en-masse retraction according to orthodontic mini-implant position

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Jae-Won; Lim, Joong-Ki; Lee, Kee-Joon; Sung, Sang-Jin; Chun, Youn-Sic

    2016-01-01

    Objective Orthodontic mini-implants (OMI) generate various horizontal and vertical force vectors and moments according to their insertion positions. This study aimed to help select ideal biomechanics during maxillary incisor retraction by varying the length in the anterior retraction hook (ARH) and OMI position. Methods Two extraction models were constructed to analyze the three-dimentional finite element: a first premolar extraction model (Model 1, M1) and a residual 1-mm space post-extraction model (Model 2, M2). The OMI position was set at a height of 8 mm from the arch wire between the second maxillary premolar and the first molar (low OMI traction) or at a 12-mm height in the mesial second maxillary premolar (high OMI traction). Retraction force vectors of 200 g from the ARH (-1, +1, +3, and +6 mm) at low or high OMI traction were resolved into X-, Y-, and Z-axis components. Results In M1 (low and high OMI traction) and M2 (low OMI traction), the maxillary incisor tip was extruded, but the apex was intruded, and the occlusal plane was rotated clockwise. Significant intrusion and counter-clockwise rotation in the occlusal plane were observed under high OMI traction and -1 mm ARH in M2. Conclusions This study observed orthodontic tooth movement according to the OMI position and ARH height, and M2 under high OMI traction with short ARH showed retraction with maxillary incisor intrusion. PMID:27478801

  10. Real-time CARS imaging reveals a calpain-dependent pathway for paranodal myelin retraction during high-frequency stimulation.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Terry B Huff

    Full Text Available High-frequency electrical stimulation is becoming a promising therapy for neurological disorders, however the response of the central nervous system to stimulation remains poorly understood. The current work investigates the response of myelin to electrical stimulation by laser-scanning coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS imaging of myelin in live spinal tissues in real time. Paranodal myelin retraction at the nodes of Ranvier was observed during 200 Hz electrical stimulation. Retraction was seen to begin minutes after the onset of stimulation and continue for up to 10 min after stimulation was ceased, but was found to reverse after a 2 h recovery period. The myelin retraction resulted in exposure of Kv 1.2 potassium channels visualized by immunofluorescence. Accordingly, treating the stimulated tissue with a potassium channel blocker, 4-aminopyridine, led to the appearance of a shoulder peak in the compound action potential curve. Label-free CARS imaging of myelin coupled with multiphoton fluorescence imaging of immuno-labeled proteins at the nodes of Ranvier revealed that high-frequency stimulation induced paranodal myelin retraction via pathologic calcium influx into axons, calpain activation, and cytoskeleton degradation through spectrin break-down.

  11. Elastic Behavior and Platelet Retraction in Low- and High-Density Fibrin Gels

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wufsus, Adam R.; Rana, Kuldeepsinh; Brown, Andrea; Dorgan, John R.; Liberatore, Matthew W.; Neeves, Keith B.

    2015-01-01

    Fibrin is a biopolymer that gives thrombi the mechanical strength to withstand the forces imparted on them by blood flow. Importantly, fibrin is highly extensible, but strain hardens at low deformation rates. The density of fibrin in clots, especially arterial clots, is higher than that in gels made at plasma concentrations of fibrinogen (3–10 mg/mL), where most rheology studies have been conducted. Our objective in this study was to measure and characterize the elastic regimes of low (3–10 mg/mL) and high (30–100 mg/mL) density fibrin gels using shear and extensional rheology. Confocal microscopy of the gels shows that fiber density increases with fibrinogen concentration. At low strains, fibrin gels act as thermal networks independent of fibrinogen concentration. Within the low-strain regime, one can predict the mesh size of fibrin gels by the elastic modulus using semiflexible polymer theory. Significantly, this provides a link between gel mechanics and interstitial fluid flow. At moderate strains, we find that low-density fibrin gels act as nonaffine mechanical networks and transition to affine mechanical networks with increasing strains within the moderate regime, whereas high-density fibrin gels only act as affine mechanical networks. At high strains, the backbone of individual fibrin fibers stretches for all fibrin gels. Platelets can retract low-density gels by >80% of their initial volumes, but retraction is attenuated in high-density fibrin gels and with decreasing platelet density. Taken together, these results show that the nature of fibrin deformation is a strong function of fibrin fiber density, which has ramifications for the growth, embolization, and lysis of thrombi. PMID:25564864

  12. Germ band retraction as a landmark in glucose metabolism during Aedes aegypti embryogenesis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Logullo Carlos

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The mosquito A. aegypti is vector of dengue and other viruses. New methods of vector control are needed and can be achieved by a better understanding of the life cycle of this insect. Embryogenesis is a part of A. aegypty life cycle that is poorly understood. In insects in general and in mosquitoes in particular energetic metabolism is well studied during oogenesis, when the oocyte exhibits fast growth, accumulating carbohydrates, lipids and proteins that will meet the regulatory and metabolic needs of the developing embryo. On the other hand, events related with energetic metabolism during A. aegypti embryogenesis are unknown. Results Glucose metabolism was investigated throughout Aedes aegypti (Diptera embryonic development. Both cellular blastoderm formation (CBf, 5 h after egg laying - HAE and germ band retraction (GBr, 24 HAE may be considered landmarks regarding glucose 6-phosphate (G6P destination. We observed high levels of glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PDH activity at the very beginning of embryogenesis, which nevertheless decreased up to 5 HAE. This activity is correlated with the need for nucleotide precursors generated by the pentose phosphate pathway (PPP, of which G6PDH is the key enzyme. We suggest the synchronism of egg metabolism with carbohydrate distribution based on the decreasing levels of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK activity and on the elevation observed in protein content up to 24 HAE. Concomitantly, increasing levels of hexokinase (HK and pyruvate kinase (PK activity were observed, and PEPCK reached a peak around 48 HAE. Glycogen synthase kinase (GSK3 activity was also monitored and shown to be inversely correlated with glycogen distribution during embryogenesis. Conclusions The results herein support the hypothesis that glucose metabolic fate changes according to developmental embryonic stages. Germ band retraction is a moment that was characterized as a landmark in glucose

  13. The broad base columellar strut for correction of retracted columella and under rotated tip

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amr N. Rabie

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To describe the technique and to detect the efficacy of the broad base columellar strut in correcting retracted columella and under rotated nasal tip. Design: Retrospective chart review. Setting: University-affiliated medical center. Methods: The charts and photographs of patients suffering from columellar retraction with acute columellar-labial angle were reviewed. The columellar-labial angle and the nasal tip projection were measured and calculated from the photos and the columellar show was measured using a fine caliper. Results: The study included 17 patients, 12 females and 5 males with a mean age of 30.2 years ranging from 19 to 49 years, 14 patients had primary surgery while 3 were revision cases, Preoperative columellar-labial angle ranged from 75° to 86° with a mean 82.06 ± 4.08458 SD, while postoperatively it ranged from 92° to 105° with a mean 97.12° ± 3.9825 SD. Columellar show ranged preoperatively from 0.4 to 1.7 mm with a mean 0.94 mm ± 0.38739 SD while postoperatively it ranged from 2.5 to 3.5 mm with a mean of 2.65 mm ± 0.38098 SD. Nasal tip projection preoperatively ranged from 0.45 to 0.58 and postoperatively from 0.51 to 0.59. Conclusions: The broad base columellar strut technique is simple, easy, does not cause excessive tip stiffness and reduces the need to use the plumbing graft in conjunction with the columellar strut, and should help in increasing tip rotation and columellar show reliably and may add to tip projection as required.

  14. Retração rápida de caninos Rapid canine retraction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Renato Carvalho Ribeiro

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: a retração rápida de caninos por distração do ligamento periodontal é uma técnica de movimentação dentária que permite o fechamento de espaço da extração de primeiros pré-molares em um intervalo de duas ou três semanas, proporcionando uma redução significativa no tempo do tratamento ortodôntico. OBJETIVO: apresentar modificações propostas na técnica cirúrgica original e no posicionamento dos distratores. CONCLUSÕES: a retração rápida de caninos é uma técnica que proporciona uma redução significativa no tempo de tratamento ortodôntico. A modificação na técnica cirúrgica proporcionou maior velocidade e segurança ao ato cirúrgico. O distrator posicionado por palatina, no mínimo, proporcionou a preservação da tábua óssea vestibular e evitou a vestibularização dos caninos.INTRODUCTION: Rapid canine retraction through distraction of the periodontal ligament is a tooth movement technique that allows the closure of first premolar extraction space within a period of two to three weeks while providing significant reduction in orthodontic treatment time. OBJECTIVE: To propose changes in the original surgical technique and in the placement of distractors. CONCLUSIONS: Rapid canine retraction is a technique that provides significant reduction in orthodontic treatment time. Changes in the surgical technique provided greater speed and safety in surgery. As a minimum benefit, when positioned palatally, distractors helped to preserve the buccal bone plate and prevented canine proclination.

  15. SU-E-T-36: An Investigation of the Margin From CTV to PTV Using Retraction Method for Cervical Carcinoma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wu, D; Chen, J; Hao, Y; Liao, C; Huang, Y; Mo, Y; Wei, Y [The People' s Hospital of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Nanning, Guangxi (China)

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: This work employs the retraction method to compute and evaluate the margin from CTV to PTV based on the influence of target dosimetry of setup errors during cervical carcinoma patients treatment. Methods: Sixteen patients with cervical cancer were treated by Elekta synergy and received a total of 305 KV-CBCT images. The iso-center of the initial plans were changed according to the setup errors to simulate radiotherapy and then recalculated the dose distribution using leaf sequences and MUs for individual plans. The margin from CTV to PTV will be concluded both by the method of retracting (Fixed the PTV of the original plan, and retract PTV a certain distance defined as simulative organization CTVnx. The minimum distance value from PTV to CTVnx which get specified doses, namely guarantee at least 99% CTV volume can receive the dose of 95%, is the margin CTV to PTV we found) and the former formula method. Results: (1)The setup errors of 16 patients in X, Y and Z directions were(1.13±2.94) mm,(−1.63±7.13) mm,(−0.65±2.25) mm. (2) The distance between CTVx and PTV was 5, 9 and 3mm in X, Y and Z directions According to 2.5+0.7σ. (3) Transplantation plans displayed 99% of CTVx10- CTVx7 and received 95% of prescription dose, but CTVx6- CTVx3 departed from standard of clinic.In order to protect normal tissues, we selected 7mm as the minimum value of the margin from CTV to PTV. Conclusion: We have test an retraction method for the margin from CTV to PTV evaluation. The retraction method is more reliable than the formula method for calculating the margin from the CTV to the PTV, because it represented practice of treatment, and increasing a new method in this field.

  16. The methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase gene variant C677T influences susceptibility to migraine with aura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sundholm James

    2004-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The C677T variant in the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR gene is associated with increased levels of circulating homocysteine and is a mild risk factor for vascular disease. Migraine, with and without aura (MA and MO, is a prevalent and complex neurovascular disorder that may also be affected by genetically influenced hyperhomocysteinaemia. To determine whether the C677T variant in the MTHFR gene is associated with migraine susceptibility we utilised unrelated and family-based case-control study designs. Methods A total of 652 Caucasian migraine cases were investigated in this study. The MTHFR C677T variant was genotyped in 270 unrelated migraine cases and 270 controls as well as 382 affected subjects from 92 multiplex pedigrees. Results In the unrelated case-control sample we observed an over-representation of the 677T allele in migraine patients compared to controls, specifically for the MA subtype (40% vs. 33% (χ2 = 5.70, P = 0.017. The Armitage test for trend indicated a significant dosage effect of the risk allele (T for MA (χ2 = 5.72, P = 0.017. This linear trend was also present in the independent family-based sample (χ2 = 4.25, Padjusted = 0.039. Overall, our results indicate that the T/T genotype confers a modest, yet significant, increase in risk for the MA subtype (odds ratio: 2.0 – 2.5. No increased risk for the MO subtype was observed (P > 0.05. Conclusions In Caucasians, the C677T variant in the MTHFR gene influences susceptibility to MA, but not MO. Investigation into the enzyme activity of MTHFR and the role of homocysteine in the pathophysiology of migraine is warranted.

  17. Correlating tropospheric column ozone with tropopause folds: the Aura-OMI satellite data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Q. Tang

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The geographic and temporal variations in tropospheric and stratospheric ozone columns from individual swath measurements of the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI on the NASA Aura spacecraft are reasonably well simulated by the University of California, Irvine (UCI chemistry transport model (CTM using 1°×1°×40-layer meteorological fields for year 2005. From the CTM we find that high-frequency spatial variations in tropospheric column ozone (TCO, including around the jet streams, are not generally correlated with variations in stratospheric ozone column, but instead are collocated with folding events involving stratospheric-origin, high-ozone layers below the tropopause. The CTM fold events are verified in many cases with available ozone sondes. Using the OMI Level 2 profiles, and defining tropopause height from our CTM using the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF fields, we find that most of the variations in TCO near CTM folding events are also not correlated with those in stratospheric ozone column. The absolute tropospheric columns from OMI and CTM agree swath-by-swath, pixel-by-pixel within ±5 Dobson Units (DU for most cases. Notable exceptions are in the tropics where neither the high ozone from biomass burning nor the low ozone in the convergence zones over the Pacific is found in the OMI observations, likely because of OMI's insensitivity to the lower troposphere. A separate bias is identified with the OMI profiles near the southern sub-tropical jet. The CTM has a high bias in stratospheric column outside the tropics, due to problems previously identified with the stratospheric circulation in the 40-layer meteorological fields. Overall, we identify ozone folds with short-lived features in TCO that have scales of a few hundred kilometers as observed by OMI.

  18. Changes in SO2 and NO2 Pollution over the Past Decade Observed by Aura OMI

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krotkov, N. A.; Li, C.; Lamsal, L. N.; Celarier, E. A.; Marchenko, S. V.; Swartz, W.; Bucsela, E. J.; Fioletov, V.; McLinden, C. A.; Joiner, J.; Bhartia, P. K.; Duncan, B. N.; Dickerson, R. R.

    2014-12-01

    The Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI), a NASA partnership with the Netherlands and Finland, flies on the EOS Aura satellite and uses reflected sunlight to measure two critical atmospheric trace gases, nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and sulfur dioxide (SO2), characterizing daily air quality. Both gases and the secondary pollutants they produce (particulate matter, PM2.5, and tropospheric ozone) are among USEPA designated criteria pollutants, posing serious threats to human health and the environment (e.g., acid rain, plant damage, and reduced visibility). A new generation of the OMI standard SO2 and NO2 products (based on critically improved DOAS spectral fitting for NO2 and innovative Principal Component Analysis method for SO2) provides a valuable dataset for studying anthropogenic pollution on local to global scales. Here we highlight some of the OMI observed long-term changes in air quality over several regions. Over the US, average NO2 and SO2 pollution levels have decreased dramatically as a result of both technological improvements (e.g., catalytic converters on cars) and stricter regulations of emissions. We see continued decline in NO2 and SO2 pollution over Europe. Over China OMI observed a ~ 60% increase in NO2 pollution between 2005 and 2013, despite a temporary reversal of the growing trend due to both 2008 Olympic Games and the economic recession in 2009. Chinese SO2 pollution seems to have stabilized since peaking in 2007, probably due to government efforts to curb SO2 emissions from the power sector. We have also observed large increases in both SO2 and NO2 pollution particularly in Eastern India where a number of new large coal power plants have been built in recent years. We expect that further improvements in the OMI NO2 and SO2 products will allow more robust quantification of long-term trends in local to global air quality.

  19. Global Free-tropospheric NO2 Abundances Derived Using a Cloud Slicing Technique from AURA OMI

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, S.; Joiner, J.; Choi, Y.; Duncan, B.N.; Vasilkov, A.; Krotkov, N.; Bucsela, E.J.

    2014-01-01

    We derive free-tropospheric NO2 volume mixing ratios (VMRs) by applying a cloud-slicing technique to data from the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) on the Aura satellite. In the cloud-slicing approach, the slope of the above-cloud NO2 column versus the cloud scene pressure is proportional to the NO2 VMR. In this work, we use a sample of nearby OMI pixel data from a single orbit for the linear fit. The OMI data include cloud scene pressures from the rotational-Raman algorithm and above-cloud NO2 vertical column density (VCD) (defined as the NO2 column from the cloud scene pressure to the top of the atmosphere) from a differential optical absorption spectroscopy (DOAS) algorithm. We compare OMI-derived NO2 VMRs with in situ aircraft profiles measured during the NASA Intercontinental Chemical Transport Experiment Phase B (INTEX-B) campaign in 2006. The agreement is generally within the estimated uncertainties when appropriate data screening is applied. We then derive a global seasonal climatology of free-tropospheric NO2 VMR in cloudy conditions. Enhanced NO2 in the free troposphere commonly appears near polluted urban locations where NO2 produced in the boundary layer may be transported vertically out of the boundary layer and then horizontally away from the source. Signatures of lightning NO2 are also shown throughout low and middle latitude regions in summer months. A profile analysis of our cloud-slicing data indicates signatures of lightning-generated NO2 in the upper troposphere. Comparison of the climatology with simulations from the global modeling initiative (GMI) for cloudy conditions (cloud optical depth less than10) shows similarities in the spatial patterns of continental pollution outflow. However, there are also some differences in the seasonal variation of free-tropospheric NO2 VMRs near highly populated regions and in areas affected by lightning-generated NOx.

  20. The measurement of bromine monoxide from Fairbanks, AK and comparison with OMI/AURA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mount, G. H.; Spinei, E.; Herman, J. R.; Cede, A.; Abuhassan, N.; Simpson, W. R.; McPeters, R. D.; Bhartia, P. K.; Johnson, B. J.; Salawitch, R. J.; Canty, T. P.; Chance, K.; Kurosu, T. P.; Suleiman, R. M.

    2011-12-01

    Enhanced column bromine monoxide in the Arctic has been observed by satellites for some time and is related to bromine "hotspots" that result in nearly complete removal of surface ozone in springtime. Salawitch et al. (2010) have demonstrated that these enhancements show little relation, at times, to satellite-enhanced column BrO. Several recent studies have shown that closure of the budget for total column BrO is achieved by summing observed tropospheric partial column BrO with a calculated stratospheric partial column that accounts for the supply of 7 ppt of Bry from natural, short-lived biogenic bromocarbons to the lowermost stratosphere. However, the burden of Bry in the upper stratosphere in these studies, 26 ppt, is at the upper limit of Bry levels inferred from upper stratospheric BrO. A ground-based NASA-sponsored field campaign was held in Fairbanks, AK in March and April 2011 to measure bromine monoxide and other trace gases by direct sun and multi-axis scattered skylight in combination with daily ozonesondes and OMI/AURA satellite data of BrO. The tropospheric contribution to column BrO should be near zero at this time/location. The campaign was therefore focused on defining the stratospheric BrO burden and evaluating the accuracy of total column BrO reported by OMI. The comparison of the ground-based BrO data with the OMI data is reported. Additionally, the DOAS derivation of BrO is explored using various spectral fitting windows and an error budget compiled showing the sensitivity of the deduced BrO vertical column with instrument-dependent spectral window.

  1. Ventilator „Chirana Aura V“ In Two Models Of Neonatal Acute Lung Injury - A Pilot Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomclkova L.

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available In severe respiratory insufficiency, neonatal and pediatric patients should be ventilated artificially by a ventilator. Aim of this experimental study was to evaluate whether the newly developed ventilator Chirana Aura V may effectively ventilate the lungs of animals with two different models of acute lung injury: acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS induced by repetitive saline lavage and meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS induced by intratracheal instillation of neonatal meconium. The experiments were performed on 10 adult rabbits (New Zealand white. In ARDS group (n=5, the lungs were repetitively lavaged with saline (30 ml/kg until partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2 in arterial blood was under 26.7 kPa at inspiratory fraction of oxygen FiO2=1.0. In MAS group (n=5, animals were instilled 4 ml/kg of suspension of human meconium (25 mg/ml. When the model of acute lung injury was developed, animals were ventilated for additional 2 hours with pressure control ventilation (PCV regime by ventilator Chirana Aura V. Ventilatory parameters, blood gases, acid-base balance, end-tidal CO2, O2 saturation of hemoglobin, oxygenation indexes, ventilation efficiency index, dynamic lung compliance, and right-to-left pulmonary shunts were measured and calculated in regular time intervals. In both experimental groups, used ventilatory settings provided acceptable gas exchange within the period of observation. Thus, the results indicate that ventilator Chirana Aura V might be suitable for ventilation of animal models of acute lung injury. However, further pre-clinical investigation is needed before its use may be recommended in neonatal and/or pediatric patients with acute lung injury.

  2. Fases da história da fotografia e a questão da aura, segundo Walter Benjamin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Orlando José Ribeiro de Oliveira

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo aborda as fases da história da fotografia propostas por Walter Benjamin, no ensaio Pequena História da Fotografia, e discute as transformações que atingiram a obra de arte na modernidade, à luz do conceito de aura. A periodização estabelecida por Benjamin - apogeu, declínio, revitalização - é ilustrada com trabalhos dos fotógrafos referidos pelo autor no texto em que visa à “compreensão real da essência da arte fotográfica”.

  3. La transformación de la cultura de masas. Aura y comunión fática

    OpenAIRE

    Raúl Magallón Rosa

    2010-01-01

    [EN] The aim of this article is to analyze the transformation of the concept of aura through the association of new technologies with the human being. Although Walter Benjamin had associated the loss of the ‘aura’ with the Technical Reproduction era, the new popular culture found a way to retrieve it using the phatic communication. In this sense, not only is it established according to the object to contemplate but also by virtue of the subject that contemplates it. To explain this evolution,...

  4. La imaginación enfermiza: La ciudad muerta y el gótico en Aura de Carlos Fuentes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Ángel Náter

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available Este ensayo se acerca a la novela Aura, de Carlos Fuentes, para explorar la reescritura del gótico y, sobre todo, la relación de la ciudad muerta o del pueblo abandonado, desde la perspectiva del espacio apocalíptico, entendido como la paralela desintegración de los espacios, de los cuerpos y de las mentes. El deterioro de la casa, en contraste con el adelanto tecnológico, se vincula con el cuerpo decrépito de la anciana Consuelo. La oscuridad del interior del edificio es correlato del oscurantismo y de la brujería, que producirá la alienación de Felipe Montero. Sobre la base de lo grotesco como lo expone Wolfgang Kayser, y de lo siniestro como lo propone Sigmund Freud, se pretende resaltar la importancia de Aura en la tradición novelística hispanoamericana que intenta presentar una narrativa disidente en relación con la novela del progreso y del adelanto tecnológico. En esa tendencia se incluyen, además, novelas como El lugar sin límites de José Donoso, Pedro Páramo de Juan Rulfo y Casas muertas de Miguel Otero SilvaThis essay represents an approach to the novel of Carlos Fuentes' Aura, a novel which explores the re-writing of the gothic, and above all, the relation of the dead city to the abandoned town, in the perspective of the apocalyptic space understood as the parallel disintegration of the space, of the bodies and the minds. The deterioration of the house, in contrast to the technological progress, is linked to the decrepit body of the old woman, Consuelo. The dark within the building correlates to the obscurantism and witchery that will lead to the alienation of Felipe Montero. On the basis of the grotesque as expounded by Wolfgang Kaiser, and the sinister, as propounded by Freud, the idea is to emphasize the significance of Aura in the Hispanic American tradition, which proposes a dissident narrative against the novel of progress and technological advance. This tendency also includes novels like J. Donoso' El lugar sin

  5. Analyses of retraction declaration in domestic academic journals%国内学术期刊刊登撤稿声明的分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁媛媛

    2011-01-01

    Retraction declaration is an important means of fighting against counterfeit articles used by the academic journals. This article analyzes 45 retraction declarations and 55 retracted articles searched in the domestic databases, and finds out that 64 percent of the retracted articles caused by the academic misconduct; however, most of the retracted articles still could be found completely in the database. The article briefly discusses the features of the retracted research papers, and shows some issues to the academic journal editors when releasing the retraction declarations.%刊登撤稿声明是学术期刊配合学术打假的重要手段。分析从国内数据库中检索到的45篇撤稿声明和被撤的55篇论文,发现因各种学术不端引起的撤稿占64%,大多数被撤论文仍能在数据库中找到全文。初步探讨了被撤论文的特点和发布撤稿声明时应注意的问题。

  6. Aura OMI Observations of Global SO2 and NO2 Pollution from 2005 to 2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krotkov, Nickolay; Li, Can; Lamsal, Lok; Celarier, Edward; Marchenko, Sergey; Swartz, William H.; Bucsela, Eric; Fioletov, Vitali; McLinden, Chris; Joiner, Joanna; Bhartia, Pawan K.; Duncan, Bryan; Dickerson, Russ

    2014-01-01

    The Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI), a NASA partnership with the Netherlands and Finland, flies on the NASA Aura satellite and uses reflected sunlight to measure the two critical atmospheric trace gases: nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and sulfur dioxide (SO2) characterizing daily air quality. Both gases and the secondary pollutants they produce (particulate matter, PM2.5, and tropospheric ozone) are USEPA designated criteria pollutants, posing serious threats to human health and the environment (e.g., acid rain, plant damage and reduced visibility). Our group at NASA GSFC has developed and maintained OMI standard SO2 and NO2 data products. We have recently released an updated version of the standard NO2 L2 and L3 products (SP v2.1) and continue improving the algorithm. We are currently in the process of releasing next generation pollution SO2 product, based on an innovative Principal Component Analysis (PCA) algorithm, which greatly reduces the noise and biases. These new standard products provide valuable datasets for studying anthropogenic pollution on local to global scales. Here we highlight some of the OMI observed changes in air quality over several regions. Over the US average NO2 and SO2 pollution levels had decreased dramatically as a result of both technological improvements (e.g., catalytic converters on cars) and stricter regulations of emissions. We see continued decline in pollution over Europe. Over China OMI observed an increase of about 60 percent in NO2 pollution between 2005 and 2013, despite a temporal reversal of the growing trend due to both 2008 Olympic Games and the economic recession in 2009. Chinese SO2 pollution seems to have stabilized since peaking in 2007, probably due to government efforts to curb SO2 emissions from the power sector. We have also observed large increases in both SO2 and NO2 pollution particularly in Eastern India where a number of large new coal power plants had been built in recent years. We expect that further

  7. Aura OMI Observations of Regional SO2 and NO2 Pollution Changes from 2005 to 2015

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krotkov, Nickolay A.; McLinden, Chris A.; Li, Can; Lamsal, Lok N.; Celarier, Edward A.; Marchenko, Sergey V.; Swartz, William H.; Bucsela, Eric J.; Joiner, Joanna; Duncan, Bryan N.; Boersma, K. Folkert; Veefkind, J. Pepijn; Levelt, Pieternel F.; Fioletov, Vitali E.; Dickerson, Russell R.; He, Hao; Lu, Zifeng; Streets, David G.

    2016-01-01

    The Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) onboard NASA's Aura satellite has been providing global observations of the ozone layer and key atmospheric pollutant gases, such as nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and sulfur dioxide (SO2), since October 2004. The data products from the same instrument provide consistent spatial and temporal coverage and permit the study of anthropogenic and natural emissions on local-to-global scales. In this paper, we examine changes in SO2 and NO2 over some of the world's most polluted industrialized regions during the first decade of OMI observations. In terms of regional pollution changes, we see both upward and downward trends, sometimes in opposite directions for NO2 and SO2, for different study areas. The trends are, for the most part, associated with economic and/or technological changes in energy use, as well as regional regulatory policies. Over the eastern US, both NO2 and SO2 levels decreased dramatically from 2005 to 2015, by more than 40 and 80 percent, respectively, as a result of both technological improvements and stricter regulations of emissions. OMI confirmed large reductions in SO2 over eastern Europe's largest coal-fired power plants after installation of flue gas desulfurization devices. The North China Plain has the world's most severe SO2 pollution, but a decreasing trend has been observed since 2011, with about a 50 percent reduction in 2012-2015, due to an economic slowdown and government efforts to restrain emissions from the power and industrial sectors. In contrast, India's SO2 and NO2 levels from coal power plants and smelters are growing at a fast pace, increasing by more than 100 and 50 percent, respectively, from 2005 to 2015. Several SO2 hot spots observed over the Persian Gulf are probably related to oil and gas operations and indicate a possible underestimation of emissions from these sources in bottom-up emission inventories. Overall, OMI observations have proved valuable in documenting rapid changes in air

  8. Next-Generation Aura/OMI NO2 and SO2 Products

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krotkov, Nickolay; Yang, Kai; Bucsela, Eric; Lamsal, Lok; Celarier, Edward; Swartz, William; Carn, Simon; Bhartia, Pawan; Gleason, James; Pickering, Ken; Dickerson, Russ

    2011-01-01

    The measurement of both SO2 and NO2 gases are recognized as an essential component of atmospheric composition missions. We describe current capabilities and limitations of the operational Aura/OMI NO2 and SO2 data that have been used by a large number of researchers. Analyses of the data and validation studies have brought to light a number of areas in which these products can be expanded and improved. Major improvements for new NASA standard (SP) NO2 product include more accurate tropospheric and stratospheric column amounts, along with much improved error estimates and diagnostics. Our approach uses a monthly NO2 climatology based on the NASA Global Modeling Initiative (GMI) chemistry-transport model and takes advantage of OMI data from cloudy scenes to find clean areas where the contribution from the trap NO2 column is relatively small. We then use a new filtering, interpolation and smoothing techniques for separating the stratospheric and tropospheric components of NO2, minimizing the influence of a priori information. The new algorithm greatly improves the structure of stratospheric features relative to the original SP. For the next-generation OMI SO2 product we plan to implement operationally the offline iterative spectral fitting (ISF) algorithm and re-process the OMI Level-2 SO2 dataset using a priori SO2 and aerosol profiles, clouds, and surface reflectivity appropriate for observation conditions. This will improve the ability to detect and quantify weak tropospheric SO2 loadings. The new algorithm is validated using aircraft in-situ data during field campaigns in China (2005 and 2008) and in Maryland (Frostburg, 2010 and DISCOVER-AQ in July 2011). The height of the SO2 plumes will also be estimated for high SO2 loading cases (e.g., volcanic eruptions). The same SO2 algorithm will be applied to the data from OMPS sensor to be launched on NPP satellite later this year. The next-generation NO2 and SO2 products will provide critical information (e

  9. Aura OMI observations of regional SO2 and NO2 pollution changes from 2005 to 2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. A. Krotkov

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI onboard NASA's Aura satellite has been providing global observations of the ozone layer and key atmospheric pollutant gases, such as nitrogen dioxide (NO2 and sulfur dioxide (SO2, since October 2004. The data products from the same instrument provide consistent spatial and temporal coverage and permit the study of anthropogenic and natural emissions on local-to-global scales. In this paper we examine changes in SO2 and NO2 over some of the world's most polluted industrialized regions during the first decade of OMI observations. In terms of regional pollution changes, we see both upward and downward trends, sometimes in opposite directions for NO2 and SO2, for the different study areas. The trends are, for the most part, associated with economic and/or technological changes in energy use, as well as regional regulatory policies. Over the eastern US, both NO2 and SO2 levels decreased dramatically from 2005 to 2014, by more than 40 and 80 %, respectively, as a result of both technological improvements and stricter regulations of emissions. OMI confirmed large reductions in SO2 over eastern Europe's largest coal power plants after installation of flue gas desulfurization devices. The North China Plain has the world's most severe SO2 pollution, but a decreasing trend has been observed since 2011, with about a 50 % reduction in 2012–2014, due to an economic slowdown and government efforts to restrain emissions from the power and industrial sectors. In contrast, India's SO2 and NO2 levels from coal power plants and smelters are growing at a fast pace, increasing by more than 100 and 50 %, respectively, from 2005 to 2014. Several SO2 hot spots observed over the Persian Gulf are probably related to oil and gas operations and indicate a possible underestimation of emissions from these sources in bottom-up emission inventories. Overall, OMI observations have proved to be very valuable in documenting rapid changes in

  10. Aura OMI observations of regional SO2 and NO2 pollution changes from 2005 to 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krotkov, N. A.; McLinden, C. A.; Li, C.; Lamsal, L. N.; Celarier, E. A.; Marchenko, S. V.; Swartz, W. H.; Bucsela, E. J.; Joiner, J.; Duncan, B. N.; Boersma, K. F.; Veefkind, J. P.; Levelt, P. F.; Fioletov, V. E.; Dickerson, R. R.; He, H.; Lu, Z.; Streets, D. G.

    2015-10-01

    The Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) onboard NASA's Aura satellite has been providing global observations of the ozone layer and key atmospheric pollutant gases, such as nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and sulfur dioxide (SO2), since October 2004. The data products from the same instrument provide consistent spatial and temporal coverage and permit the study of anthropogenic and natural emissions on local-to-global scales. In this paper we examine changes in SO2 and NO2 over some of the world's most polluted industrialized regions during the first decade of OMI observations. In terms of regional pollution changes, we see both upward and downward trends, sometimes in opposite directions for NO2 and SO2, for the different study areas. The trends are, for the most part, associated with economic and/or technological changes in energy use, as well as regional regulatory policies. Over the eastern US, both NO2 and SO2 levels decreased dramatically from 2005 to 2014, by more than 40 and 80 %, respectively, as a result of both technological improvements and stricter regulations of emissions. OMI confirmed large reductions in SO2 over eastern Europe's largest coal power plants after installation of flue gas desulfurization devices. The North China Plain has the world's most severe SO2 pollution, but a decreasing trend has been observed since 2011, with about a 50 % reduction in 2012-2014, due to an economic slowdown and government efforts to restrain emissions from the power and industrial sectors. In contrast, India's SO2 and NO2 levels from coal power plants and smelters are growing at a fast pace, increasing by more than 100 and 50 %, respectively, from 2005 to 2014. Several SO2 hot spots observed over the Persian Gulf are probably related to oil and gas operations and indicate a possible underestimation of emissions from these sources in bottom-up emission inventories. Overall, OMI observations have proved to be very valuable in documenting rapid changes in air quality over

  11. Aura OMI observations of regional SO2 and NO2 pollution changes from 2005 to 2015

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krotkov, Nickolay A.; McLinden, Chris A.; Li, Can; Lamsal, Lok N.; Celarier, Edward A.; Marchenko, Sergey V.; Swartz, William H.; Bucsela, Eric J.; Joiner, Joanna; Duncan, Bryan N.; Folkert Boersma, K.; Pepijn Veefkind, J.; Levelt, Pieternel F.; Fioletov, Vitali E.; Dickerson, Russell R.; He, Hao; Lu, Zifeng; Streets, David G.

    2016-04-01

    The Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) onboard NASA's Aura satellite has been providing global observations of the ozone layer and key atmospheric pollutant gases, such as nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and sulfur dioxide (SO2), since October 2004. The data products from the same instrument provide consistent spatial and temporal coverage and permit the study of anthropogenic and natural emissions on local-to-global scales. In this paper, we examine changes in SO2 and NO2 over some of the world's most polluted industrialized regions during the first decade of OMI observations. In terms of regional pollution changes, we see both upward and downward trends, sometimes in opposite directions for NO2 and SO2, for different study areas. The trends are, for the most part, associated with economic and/or technological changes in energy use, as well as regional regulatory policies. Over the eastern US, both NO2 and SO2 levels decreased dramatically from 2005 to 2015, by more than 40 and 80 %, respectively, as a result of both technological improvements and stricter regulations of emissions. OMI confirmed large reductions in SO2 over eastern Europe's largest coal-fired power plants after installation of flue gas desulfurization devices. The North China Plain has the world's most severe SO2 pollution, but a decreasing trend has been observed since 2011, with about a 50 % reduction in 2012-2015, due to an economic slowdown and government efforts to restrain emissions from the power and industrial sectors. In contrast, India's SO2 and NO2 levels from coal power plants and smelters are growing at a fast pace, increasing by more than 100 and 50 %, respectively, from 2005 to 2015. Several SO2 hot spots observed over the Persian Gulf are probably related to oil and gas operations and indicate a possible underestimation of emissions from these sources in bottom-up emission inventories. Overall, OMI observations have proved valuable in documenting rapid changes in air quality over different

  12. Crystallization, high-resolution data collection and preliminary crystallographic analysis of Aura virus capsid protease and its complex with dioxane

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A 17 kDa capsid protease domain from Aura virus was purified, crystallized together with its complex with dioxane and characterized by the X-ray diffraction method. The C-terminal protease domain of capsid protein from Aura virus expressed in a bacterial expression system has been purified to homogeneity and crystallized. Crystals suitable for X-ray diffraction analysis were obtained by the vapour-diffusion method using 0.1 M bis-tris and polyethylene glycol monomethyl ether 2000. Crystals of the C-terminal protease domain of capsid protein in complex with dioxane were also produced and crystal data were obtained. Both crystals belonged to space group C2, with unit-cell parameters a = 79.6, b = 35.2, c = 49.5 Å. High-resolution data sets were collected to a resolution of 1.81 Å for the native protein and 1.98 Å for the complex. Preliminary crystallographic studies suggested the presence of a single molecule in the crystallographic asymmetric unit, with a solvent content of 38.5%

  13. State Administrative Legal Review on the Bill of Retraction Law of Corrupted Assets in Eradication Effort of Corruption in Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dian Puji Simatupang

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Since eradicating corruption having been continously encouraged by late governments – and until now – , there would not be less important as to retracting the corrupted assets. There are many aspects to be considered in doing such action, such as manifesting the legal aspects of administrative law, and so other applied national regulations. By these regulations, such as Law No. 7 of 2006 on Ratification of United Nations Convention against Corruption, 2003 (Konvensi Perserikatan Bangsa Bangsa Anti-Korupsi, 2003, Law Number 25 of 2003 On Amendment to Law Number 15 of 2002 on Money Laundering, Act 30 of 2002 on Corruption Eradication Commission, Law Number 20 Year 2001 regarding Amendment to Law Number 31 Year 1999 on the Eradication of Corruption, and Government Regulation Number 65 of 1999 on Implementation Procedures for Examination of State Property, retraction the corrupted assets should be define in order to get known about eradicating corruption.

  14. TREATMENT OF PRIMARY PALPEBRAL RETRACTION WITH ACUPOINT—INJECTION AND CHINESE MEDICINAL HERBS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱新民; LiPeifang

    2000-01-01

    In the present paper,the therapeutic effect of combined therapy of acupoint-injection and Chinese medicinal herbs was observed in 59cases of primary palpebral retraction patients.These 59patients were divided into treatment group(n=38,treated with acupoint-injection and Chinese medicinal herbs)and control group(n=21,treated with Chinese medicinal herbs alone).After3 courses of treatment.of the 38cases in treatment group,25(65.8%)were cured,8(21.1%)had marked improement and5(13.2%)had improement;of the 21cases in control group,8(38.1%)were cured,9(42.9%)had marked improement,2(9.5%)had improement6 and2(9.5%)were ineffective.Statistical analysis showed a si9gnificant difference between the two groups in the therapeu-tic effect.The cure rate of experimental group was apparently higher than athat of the control group,i.e.the therapeutic effect of the combined therapy of acupoint-injection and Chinese medicinal herbs was superior to that of Chinese medicinal herbs alone.

  15. Diagnosis and management of miliary tuberculosis: current state and future perspectives [Retraction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ray S

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Ray S, Talukdar A, Kundu S, Khanra D, Sonthalia N. Ther Clin Risk Mngmt. 2013;9:9–26.The editor of the Indian Journal of Medical Research has brought to our attention the unacknowledged re-use of significant portions of text in the above article. The source of much of the text appears to be from:Sharma SK, Mohan A, Sharma A. Challenges in the diagnosis and treatment of miliary tuberculosis. Indian J Med Res. 135, May 2012, pp 703–730.Dr Ray comments thus: “Regarding the similarities found we want to clarify that this apparent plagiarism is not an intentional act and likely to be factual error. In any way, we do not want to undermine scientific pursuit or vitiate the investigational spirit of hard work and creativity. Please be informed that the different portions of the review were written by different co-authors and most of them were postgraduate students at that time. It seems that they have taken materials/ideas from previously published source unaware of the issues of plagiarism.” This retraction relates to this paper

  16. RETRACTED: An overview of mathematical modeling of electrochemical supercapacitors/ultracapacitors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ike, Innocent S.; Sigalas, Iakovos; Iyuke, Sunny; Ozoemena, Kenneth I.

    2015-01-01

    This article has been retracted at the request of the Editor-in-Chief, with agreement of the authors: please see Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal. Substantial parts of this review paper are similar to the texts of existing papers in the literature. The co-authors state that the corresponding author submitted the manuscript without their approval. The following works are affected: IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 26 (2011) 3472-3480, http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2011.2161096 The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, 4 (2013) 1260-1267, http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jz4002967 The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, 4 (2013), 3367-3376, http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jz4014163 Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 16 (2014), 6519-6538, http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c3cp55186e The Authors unreservedly apologise for this violation of the publishing policies, and offer sincere apologies to the parties affected. The journal apologises to its readers and the authors that the overlap was not detected during the submission and review process.

  17. Retraction of colonies and structures of Aspergillus Spp. as a possible high dose sensor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Changes in the length of macro-and microscopic structures of irradiated Aspergillus spp. colonies were investigated in this work in search for correlations with radiation dose. Effects related to growth and morphology produced by exposure to radiation doses ranging from 0.0 up to 8.0 kGy on strains of A. flavus (CMT 00079), A. parasiticus (CMT 00064) and A ochraceus (CMT 00145) were analyzed. Fungal colonies were inoculated on fresh peanut seeds and incubated for 5 days at 25°C. On the sixth day the samples were irradiated and moved to Petri dishes containing PDA culture medium where they remained incubated for 7 days at 25°C Post irradiation growth was periodically monitored by visual inspections and measurements of mycelial diameters. In addition, microscopic analyses were performed to determine the length of the major structures of the colonies. It has been found that irradiation causes a decrease in the diameter of colonies as well as in the length of microscopic structures of the fungus. The amount of retraction has been found to be strongly correlated to radiation dose. Such findings hint at the possibility of using in situ Aspergillus spp. colonies as high-dose living dosimeters in the event of massive radiation exposures. (author)

  18. Retraction of colonies and structures of Aspergillus Spp. as a possible high dose sensor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Borges, Valeria B., E-mail: valeriabborges@hotmail.com [Coordenacao dos Programas de Pos-Graduacao em Processos Quimicos e Bioquimicos (EQ/UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Escola de Quimica; Vital, Helio C., E-mail: vital@ctex.eb.br [Centro Tecnologico do Exercito (DDQBN/CTEx), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Div. de Defesa Quimica, Biologica e Nuclear. Secao de Defesa Nuclear; Moraes, Aurea M.L., E-mail: ltbbf@ioc.fiocruz.br [Instituto Oswaldo Cruz (FIOCRUZ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Departamento de Micologia

    2013-07-01

    Changes in the length of macro-and microscopic structures of irradiated Aspergillus spp. colonies were investigated in this work in search for correlations with radiation dose. Effects related to growth and morphology produced by exposure to radiation doses ranging from 0.0 up to 8.0 kGy on strains of A. flavus (CMT 00079), A. parasiticus (CMT 00064) and A ochraceus (CMT 00145) were analyzed. Fungal colonies were inoculated on fresh peanut seeds and incubated for 5 days at 25°C. On the sixth day the samples were irradiated and moved to Petri dishes containing PDA culture medium where they remained incubated for 7 days at 25°C Post irradiation growth was periodically monitored by visual inspections and measurements of mycelial diameters. In addition, microscopic analyses were performed to determine the length of the major structures of the colonies. It has been found that irradiation causes a decrease in the diameter of colonies as well as in the length of microscopic structures of the fungus. The amount of retraction has been found to be strongly correlated to radiation dose. Such findings hint at the possibility of using in situ Aspergillus spp. colonies as high-dose living dosimeters in the event of massive radiation exposures. (author)

  19. Ergodic Retraction Theorem and Weak Convergence Theorem for Reversible Semigroups of Non-Lipschitzian Mappings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Chuan ZENG

    2006-01-01

    Let G be a semitopological semigroup. Let C be a closed convex subset of a uniformly convex Banach space E with a Frechet differentiable norm, and T = {Tt : t ∈ G} be a continuous representation of G as nearly asymptotically nonexpansive type mappings of C into itself such that the common fixed point set F(T) of T in C is nonempty. It is shown that if G is right reversible, then for each almost-orbit u(.) of T, ∩s∈G co{u(t): t ≥ s} ∩ F(T) consists of at most one point. Furthermore,∩s∈G co{Ttx: t ≥ s}∩ F(T) is nonempty for each x ∈ C if and only if there exists a nonlinear ergodic retraction P of C onto F(T) such that PTs = TsP = P for all s ∈ G and Px ∈ co{Tsx: s ∈ G} for each x ∈ C. This result is applied to study the problem of weak convergence of the net {u(t): t ∈ G}to a common fixed point of T.

  20. Lysophosphatidylinositol causes neurite retraction via GPR55, G13 and RhoA in PC12 cells.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yutaro Obara

    Full Text Available GPR55 was recently identified as a putative receptor for certain cannabinoids, and lysophosphatidylinositol (LPI. Recently, the role of cannabinoids as GPR55 agonists has been disputed by a number of reports, in part, because studies investigating GPR55 often utilized overexpression systems, such as the GPR55-overexpressing HEK293 cells, which make it difficult to deduce the physiological role of endogenous GPR55. In the present study, we found that PC12 cells, a neural model cell line, express endogenous GPR55, and by using these cells, we were able to examine the role of endogenous GPR55. Although GPR55 mRNA and protein were expressed in PC12 cells, neither CB(1 nor CB(2 mRNA was expressed in these cells. GPR55 was predominantly localized on the plasma membrane in undifferentiated PC12 cells. However, GPR55 was also localized in the growth cones or the ruffled border in differentiated PC12 cells, suggesting a potential role for GPR55 in the regulation of neurite elongation. LPI increased intracellular Ca(2+ concentration and RhoA activity, and induced ERK1/2 phosphorylation, whereas endogenous and synthetic cannabinoids did not, thereby suggesting that cannabinoids are not GPR55 agonists. LPI also caused neurite retraction in a time-dependent manner accompanied by the loss of neurofilament light chain and redistribution of actin in PC12 cells differentiated by NGF. This LPI-induced neurite retraction was found to be G(q-independent and G(13-dependent. Furthermore, inactivation of RhoA function via C3 toxin and GPR55 siRNA knockdown prevented LPI-induced neurite retraction. These results suggest that LPI, and not cannabinoids, causes neurite retraction in differentiated PC12 cells via a GPR55, G(13 and RhoA signaling pathway.

  1. Effect of the Neck Retraction Taping (NRT) on Forward Head Posture and the Upper Trapezius Muscle during Computer Work

    OpenAIRE

    Yoo, Won-gyu

    2013-01-01

    [Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of neck retraction taping on forward head posture and the upper trapezius muscle of computer workers during computer work. [Subjects] Twelve males aged 20–30 years were recruited. [Methods] We measured forward head angle and upper trapezius muscle activity during computer work before and after NRT. [Results] The FHP angle significantly decreased during computer work performed with NRT compared to without NRT. The UT muscle acti...

  2. Retraction: Aydin, B. Statistical Convergent Topological Sequence Entropy Maps of the Circle. Entropy 2004, 6, 257–261

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kevin H. Knuth

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The editors were made aware that a paper published in Entropy in 2004 [1] may have plagiarized an earlier paper by Roman Hric published in 2000 [2]. After checking with specialized plagiarism software, we found that this claim is indeed correct and almost the entire paper is a verbatim copy of the earlier one. After confirmation of this fact, the editors of Entropy have decided to retract the paper immediately. [...

  3. MD 755: Instability threshold and tune shift study with reduced retraction between primary and secondary collimators in IR7

    CERN Document Server

    Carver, Lee Robert; Mereghetti, Alessio; Bruce, Roderik; Metral, Elias; Salvant, Benoit; Nisbet, David; Redaelli, Stefano; Salvachua Ferrando, Belen Maria; CERN. Geneva. ATS Department

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this MD is to quantify in terms of stabilising octupole current threshold the impedance change when reducing the retraction between the primary and secondary collimators in IR7. This will be performed by first measuring the octupole current threshold required for stability with the tighter secondary collimator settings at 6.5 (w.r.t. to the nominal settings at 8 ), and then measuring the tune shift that occurs when the collimators are moved to the new settings.

  4. Prospective intra-patient evaluation of a shoulder retraction device for radiotherapy in head and neck cancer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Irradiation of tumors in the larynx and pharynx is often technically challenging in patients with a short neck or high shoulders. Shoulder retraction devices can sometimes resolve this problem and allow irradiation via lateral beam directions. This study aimed to measure the proportion of patients who would benefit from such an approach and to quantify the magnitude of the benefit obtained. Twenty patients were studied. Simulator images were obtained before and after intervention. The additional exposure of the cervical spine was measured. Patient comfort and acceptability were assessed with a questionnaire. Improvement of exposure of the cervical spine was observed in 80% of patients. In 20%, there was either no difference or the position was worse. Shoulder retraction exposed a mean of 8.4–10.2 mm more of the cervical spine. Patients in general reported the device as comfortable. The use of a shoulder retraction device produced clinically significant improvements in exposure of the tissues of the cervical spine and neck and should be considered in patients being irradiated for tumors arising in the larynx or hypopharynx.

  5. Retraction: Sophocleous, M. (2012). On understanding and predicting groundwater response time. Ground Water, 50: 528–540. doi: 10.1111/j.1745-6584.2011.00876.x.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    The above article, published online on October 24, 2011 on Wiley Online Library (wileyonlinelibrary.com), has been retracted by agreement between the author's sponsoring institution, the journal Editor in Chief, Franklin W. Schwartz, and Wiley Periodicals, Inc. The retraction has been agreed following an investigation by the Kansas Geological Survey (a research and service division of the University of Kansas), which identified unattributed areas of overlap with a number of other publications. PMID:24754059

  6. Retraction notice to "Antimicrobial secondary metabolites from marine gastropod egg capsules and egg masses" [APJTB Volume 2 Issue 11(2012) 916-922

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Kaviarasan; T; Siva; Sankar; R; Yogamoorthi; A

    2015-01-01

    <正>This article has been retracted:please see Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal(http://www.elsevier.com/locate/withdrawalpolicy).This article has been retracted at the request of the Editor-in-Chief and the First Author.Both the first author and the journal’s editor confirmed that Dr.A Yogamoorthi is not responsible for the plagiarism since his/her name was added without consent.

  7. Análise da camada de fibras nervosas da retina em portadores de enxaqueca com aura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Medeiros Felipe Andrade

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Avaliar as possíveis alterações na camada de fibras nervosas da retina (CFNR em pacientes com enxaqueca com aura, detectada por meio da polarimetria de varredura a laser. Métodos: Vinte pacientes com enxaqueca com aura e vinte indivíduos normais foram estudados. Os critérios de inclusão para os dois grupos compreenderam: idade de pelo menos 18 anos; ausência de história de doenças oculares, exceto erro refracional ou estrabismo; e ausência de história familiar de hipertensão ocular ou glaucoma. Foram excluídos pacientes com erro refracional maior que 5 DE e/ou 2 DC; acuidade visual corrigida menor que 20/40; pressão intra-ocular maior que 21 mmHg; discos ópticos anômalos ou com escavação maior que 0,5 ou assimetria de escavação maior que 0,2; ou com presença de doenças retinianas concomitantes. Os pacientes foram submetidos a exame de campo visual (Humphrey 30-2 e análise da CFNR com a polarimetria a laser (GDx - Nerve Fiber Analyzer. Um olho de cada paciente foi randomizado para análise estatística. Resultados: Nenhum dos pacientes do grupo controle apresentou defeitos de campo visual. Nove olhos (45% dos pacientes com enxaqueca tiveram anormalidades de campo visual além de 95% do intervalo de confiança do normal, como indicado pelos índices MD, CPSD ou GHT. Os valores de retardo no setor superior da CFNR dos pacientes com enxaqueca foram significativamente menor que no grupo controle (p=0,005. Não houve diferença significativa entre os valores de retardo dos dois grupos nas medidas globais e nos setores inferior, nasal e temporal. Conclusão: As medidas de retardo obtidas com a polarimetria a laser foram significativamente menores na porção superior da CFNR dos pacientes com enxaqueca com aura, sugerindo possível dano isquêmico às fibras nervosas, relacionadas à enxaqueca.

  8. Development of a neural network model for cloud fraction detection using NASA-Aura OMI VIS radiance measurements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saponaro, G.; Kolmonen, P.; Karhunen, J.; Tamminen, J.; de Leeuw, G.

    2013-02-01

    The discrimination of cloudy pixels is required in almost any estimate of a parameter retrieved from a satellite image in the ultraviolet (UV), visual (VIS) or infra-red (IR) parts of the electromagnetic spectrum. Also, the distincion of clouds within satellite imagery and the distribution of their micro-physical properties is essential to the understanding of radiative transfer through the atmosphere. This paper reports the development of neural network algorithms for cloud detection for the NASA-Aura Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI). We present and discuss the results obtained by training mathematical neural networks with simultaneous application to OMI and Aqua-MODerate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS) data. The neural network delivers cloud fraction estimates in a fast and automated way. The developed neural network approach performs generally well in the training. Highly reflective surfaces, such as ice, snow, sun glint and desert, or atmospheric dust mislead the neural network to a wrong predicted cloud fraction.

  9. 回缩性睾丸的临床研究%Long term follow-up results of testicular retraction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭祥; 李爽; 王军; 郭晖; 雷伟; 李刚; 马慧; 杨春雷; 程银涛

    2014-01-01

    目的:通过评价回缩性睾丸患睾临床转归时间为临床治疗回缩性睾丸提供参考。方法回顾性分析了本院40例2004年3月至2009年9月被诊断为回缩睾丸的患儿,所有的患儿在随访时评价睾丸收缩性、位置、睾丸体积,并根据随访结果分为回缩组、正常组、固定组。结果40个患儿,21例单侧回缩睾丸(52.5%),19双侧回缩睾丸(47.5%)。他们的平均年龄为(3±2.7)岁,评价随访时间为(4.1±1.6)年。59例回缩睾丸,27例(45.7%)成功降入阴囊,23例(39.0%)保持回缩,9例患者(15.3%)为睾丸未降或睾丸体积变小行睾丸固定术。40例患者中平均随访(4.4±1.7)年。正常组平均随访时间为(4.1±1.3)年,回缩组平均随访时间为(5.2±1.7)年,固定组平均随访时间为(3.7±1.6)年。正常组平均诊断年龄为(4.3±3.2)年,回缩组平均诊断年龄为(2.3±1.6)年,固定组平均诊断年龄(1.3±0.8)年。固定组与正常组相比较,固定组平均诊断年龄小于正常组的平均诊断年龄(P <0.05)。结论回缩性睾丸有需行外科睾丸固定术的干预的风险,且年龄越小被诊断为回缩性睾丸的患者有需行外科睾丸固定术干预的风险越高。%Objective To make a reference for clinical surgery operation intervention of retractile testis through long-term follow-up of testisvolume and position. Methods A retrospective analysis of 40 cases in our hospital diagnosed with testicular retraction was carried out in the study. According to the follow-up results of testicular shrinkage, position and testicular volume, the patients were divided into the retraction group, the normal group, the fixed group. Results Of 40 patients, 21 cases had unilateral testicular retraction (52.5%), 19 (47.5%) had bilateral testicular retraction. Their average age was (3±2.7)years, evaluation and follow-up was (4.1±1.6)years. Among 59 cases

  10. Comparison of the clinical effects of electrosurgical retraction and cord gingival retraction%电刀排龈法和压线排龈法的临床应用效果比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡晓聪; 常新

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨电刀排龈在前牙区、前磨牙区和磨牙区的应用效果.方法 收集需冠桥修复患者47例,共90颗基牙,其中前牙、前磨牙、磨牙各30颗.根据牙位分为前牙组、前磨牙组、磨牙组,每组又分为2个亚组,分别随机选取15颗采用电刀排龈法排龈,另外15颗采用压线排龈法排龈,比较2种排龈方法的操作时间和效果.结果 前牙组、前磨牙组、磨牙组应用电刀排龈法的排龈时间分别为(2.07 ±0.10) min、(2.05±0.09)min、(2.14±0.13)min,平均排龈时间为(2.08±0.11)min;应用压线排龈法的排龈时间分别为(8.79 ±0.25) min、(8.51±0.23) min、(8.62±0.20) min,平均排龈时间为(8.64±0.25) min;2种方法的平均排龈时间差异有统计学意义(t=91.5,P<0.05).前牙组、前磨牙组、磨牙组电刀排龈法排龈效果满意率分别为100%、100%、93%,平均满意率为97%;压线排龈法排龈效果满意率分别为80%、93%、100%,平均满意率为91%;2种排龈方法的平均满意率差异无统计学意义(x2=1.90,P>0.05).结论 电刀排龈可以取得安全、满意的排龈效果,在所有牙位区的排龈操作时间均较压线排龈法明显缩短,在前牙区使用优越性较明显.%Objective To compare the effect of electrosurgical retraction in the anterior teeth, the bicuspid teeth and the posterior teeth areas, with cord gingival retraction method. Methods Forty-seven patients and a total of 90 teeth werecollected, with 30 anterior teeth, 30 bicuspid teeth and 30 posterior teeth. They were divided into anterior group; bicuspid group and posterior group. Each group were divided into two subgroups, with 15 teeth in each subgroup, for electrosurgical retractionand gingival retraclion respectively. The time and ihe effect gingival retraction were observed. Results The time of electrosurgical retraction in anterior group, bicuspid group, posterior group was (2.07 ±0. 10) inin, (2.05 ±0.09) min, (2. 14±0. 13

  11. Mandibular molar displacement secondary to the use of forces to retract the maxilla.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ben-Bassat, Y; Baumrind, S; Korn, E L

    1986-01-01

    Using previously described computer-aided techniques, we have been able to characterize quantitatively the displacements of the lower first molar associated with the use of several different therapeutic modalities that are conventionally employed to retract the maxilla in the treatment of Class II malocclusion. The total displacement of the molar has been partitioned into two components associated respectively with displacement of the entire mandible and with local interosseous migration (dental compensation) of the molar within the mandible. A further attempt has been made to partition treatment-associated effects from nontreatment-associated effects. While considerable variability in effect was observed within each sample on a case-by-case basis, some important normative trends did emerge. Contrary to our expectations, it was found that in each of the treatment groups, the mean local intraosseous rotational effect (Table IIB.2) was of greater magnitude than the mean effect of mandibular rotation (Table IIB.1). The character of the intraosseous rotation differed significantly (P less than 0.05) between the control group and each of the treatment groups. In the control group, a mean mesial crown tipping (that is, "proclination") was noted. In each of the treatment groups, a mean distal crown tipping ("uprighting") was noted. In both the cervical and intraoral groups, the lower molar tended to displace mesially more than in the control or high-pull groups. This mesial displacement derived from the mesial displacement of the mandible (Table IIC.3), rather than from displacement of the tooth within the bone (Table IIC.4). In both the high-pull and the intraoral groups, the lower molar erupted within the mandible significantly more than in the control and cervical groups (Table IIC.6). The statistically significant supereruption/extrusion of the upper molar in the cervical group (Table IIC.2) was not accompanied by an associated inhibition of the eruption of the lower

  12. Contribución al conocimiento de la Epizootiología y Biología del Cathartes aura Lin (Contribution to the knowledge of the Epizootiology and Biology of the Cathartes aura Lin.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isacc J. Rotella

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Con el objetivo de esclarecer el papel epizoodémico del Catharthes aura Lin. (aura y el fundamento de su resistencia frente a los microorganismos y toxinas que ingiere, se realizó una investigación en 53 ejemplares, que comprendió la infección artificial de 12 animales con B. abortus, M. bovis, S. aureus y S. typhimurium y, en animales no inoculados, bacteriología, parasitología, serología (brucelosis y leptospirosis, electroforesis del suero, hematología y medición del pH de órganos del tracto digestivo. En las auras infectadas por vía oral solamente se recuperó el microorganismo en una en que se aisló M. bovis de un exudado bucal; por vía intramuscular, un animal infectado con S. aureus presentó lesiones en el punto de inoculación y otro con S. typhimurium, alteraciones macroscópicas compatibles con salmonelosis. La bacteriología general fue negativa en el 72,5% de los animales siendo el germen mas frecuentemente aislado E. coli b hemolítica (12,5%. Las pruebas serológicas fueron negativas. En los proventrículos se encontraron parásitos parecidos a los tetrámeros de las aves (7,5% y en los intestinos ooquistes de Coccidia sp. (19,4%. No se detectaron hemoparásitos en sangre ni ectoparásitos en las plumas. Según la electroforesis del suero, las fracciones alfa 1 y beta no se delimitaron nítidamente y corrieron muy unidas a la albúmina la primera y a la gamma la segunda. El pH del aparato digestivo resultó más ácido a medida que el muestreo se alejó del pico, presentando el mayor grado de acidez el estómago muscular rudimentario (2,9. El aura posee un formidable poder destructivo de los microorganismos que ingiere por lo que no representa un gran peligro epizoodémico, por el contrario, contribuye a eliminar desperdicios que pueden ser focos de enfermedades. Al parecer su resistencia es independiente de la constitución globulínica del suero y la acidez del estómago muscular rudimentario constituye su

  13. Performance Simulation of Retraction/Extension Mechanism of a Certain Aircraft%某型飞机起落架收放机构性能仿真

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吉国明; 董萌; 付珍娟

    2012-01-01

    To test the performance of the retraction/extension mechanism of a landing gear of a certain aircraft, the mathematic model of the retraction/extension mechanism is presented, and its performance simulation is based on the 3D model of the landing gear and the ID model of the deploying-and-retracting cylinder and the fall-accelerating cylinder. The result shows that this retraction/extension mechanism with theoretical values can fulfill its deploying-and-retracting task during a limited time and that the collision among components of the landing gear is inexistent. Besides, with the help of the co-simulation model, the influence of the structural parameters of the deploying-and-retracting cylinder and fall-accelerating cylinder on the retraction/extension performance is studied, and it is suggested that the cross-section areas of the piston chamber of the deploying-and-retracting cylinder and the piston-rod chamber of the fall-accelerating cylinder are prior selection during the retraction/extension mechanism optimization progress can be as reference of the optimization design.%为了验证某型飞机起落架收放机构采用理论计算值的收放性能,建立了该型飞机起落架收放机构的数学模型,采用起落架三维模型和收放作动筒、下落加速器的一维模型进行联合仿真.结果表明:采用理论计算值能够实现起落架在有限时间里的收放任务,各部件在收放运动中无干涉.此外,利用该联合仿真模型研究了收放作动筒、下落加速器结构参数对起落架收放性能的影响,指出收放作动筒活塞截面积和下落加速器活塞杆腔截面积可作为优化设计的优先选取参数,为该型飞机起落架收放机构性能的进一步优化提供参考.

  14. Retraction: Pogačnik M, Žnidarčič D, Strgar J. A school garden in biotechnical education. Arch biol sci. 2014; 66(2:785-92, DOI: 10.2298/ABS1402785P

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Editorial

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This is a notice of retraction of the article: A school garden in biotechnical education, published in the Archives of Biological Sciences in 2014, Vol. 66, Issue 2. Due to a printing error, caused by the journal, the same paper has already been published in the Archives of Biological Sciences, Vol. 66, Issue 1, 2014 (DOI: 10.2298/ABS1401393P. Therefore, the latter article is being retracted. The corresponding author has been informed of this error and retraction. We apologize to the authors and to the readers for this error. Link to the retracted article 10.2298/ABS1402785P

  15. Susceptibility to migraine with aura: an analysis of the CACNA1A gene in the population of Valle Central de Costa Rica

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aim is to assess the role of the CACNA1A gene in the pathogenesis of migraine with aura, in a population of Valle Central Costa Rica, so as to make a clinical description of patients analyzed. 174 patients (diagnosed with migraine with aura) were studied and both parents with the genetic markers D19S221, D19S1150, D19S226 located at 2.5,0 and 2.5 cM respectively of CACNA1A. The markers were amplified by PCR and examined in an automatic DNA sequencers. There was no difference between gene frequencies of patients and the control group. The results no support the hypothesis of migraine as a channelopathy analyzed gene. (author)

  16. Ten-year results of cartilage palisades versus fascia in eardrum reconstruction after surgery for sinus or tensa retraction cholesteatoma in children

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cayé-Thomasen, Per; Andersen, Janne; Uzun, Cem;

    2009-01-01

    threshold, and pure tone air-bone gap). RESULTS: All but two patients in both groups attended the 10-year follow-up examination (94% attendance). The mean overall follow-up period was 119 months (115 months in the palisade and 125 months in the fascia group). Total number of retractions during follow-up and....... METHODS: A total of 64 children underwent surgery for either sinus or tensa retraction cholesteatoma during the period 1995 to 2000 (mean age 9 years, range 5-15). The eardrum was reconstructed using cartilage palisades in 32 children (32 ears) and fascia or perichondrium in 32 children (33 ears). The...... patients were followed for at least one year postoperatively and re-evaluated 4 years after surgery, and again recently at a mean of 10 years. The main outcome measures were postoperative drum retraction and perforation, cholesteatoma recurrence, and hearing acuity (pure tone average, speech reception...

  17. 镶拼工艺回缩率在针织服装上的应用%Application of Stitching Process Retraction Rate in Knitted Clothing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李杰

    2012-01-01

    The process retraction rate of knitted fabric was tested through different stitching process using several kinds of fabrics. The test results indicated that stitching process retraction rate was related with stitching pattern, warp & weft of fabric and fabric type, and also proposed that stitching process retraction rate should be considered in design and production of knitted garments.%采用不同缝型、经纬向缝合,测定了不同针织面料的工艺回缩率。试验结果表明针织服装异料拼接工艺回缩率与缝型、面料经纬向和面料原材料密切相关,针织服装实际设计与生产中应考虑镶拼工艺回缩率因素对成衣的影响。

  18. Features of the seasonal variation of the semidiurnal, terdiurnal and 6-h components of ozone heating evaluated from Aura/MLS observations

    OpenAIRE

    Xu, J.; Smith, A K; Jiang, G.; Yuan, W.; Gao, H.

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents the thermal forcing of the semidiurnal, terdiurnal, and 6-h components of the migrating tide induced by ozone heating in stratosphere and lower mesosphere. The heating as a function of local time is determined from the global ozone observed by the Microwave Limb Sounder on the Aura satellite. The harmonic components of the heating rates of the semidiurnal, terdiurnal and the 6-h periodicities are calculated using the Strobel/Zhu parameterized model and then decomposed into...

  19. Psychological and social stressors and psychiatric comorbidity in patients with migraine without aura from headache centers in Italy: a comparison with tension-type headache patients

    OpenAIRE

    Puca, Francomichele; ,

    2000-01-01

    A multicenter study was carried out to investigate the prevalence of psychosocial stressors and psychiatric comorbidity in patients suffering from migraine without aura (MWO) according to the International Headache Society criteria. Two hundred four adult MWO outpatients underwent a structured psychiatric interview (CIDI-c) to determine the presence of anxiety, and mood and somatoform disorders according to DSM-III-R criteria. An ad hoc questionnaire was used to assess psychosocial stress eve...

  20. Assessment and Applications of NASA Ozone Data Products Derived from Aura OMI-MLS Satellite Measurements in Context of the GMI Chemical Transport Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ziemke, J. R.; Olsen, M. A.; Witte, J. C.; Douglass, A. R.; Strahan, S. E.; Wargan, K.; Liu, X.; Schoeberl, M. R.; Yang, K.; Kaplan, T. B.; Pawson, S.; Duncan, B. N.; Newman, P. A.; Bhartia, K.; Heney, M. K.

    2013-01-01

    Measurements from the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) and Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS), both onboard the Aura spacecraft, have been used to produce daily global maps of column and profile ozone since August 2004. Here we compare and evaluate three strategies to obtain daily maps of tropospheric and stratospheric ozone from OMI and MLS measurements: trajectory mapping, direct profile retrieval, and data assimilation. Evaluation is based upon an assessment that includes validation using ozonesondes and comparisons with the Global Modeling Initiative (GMI) chemical transport model (CTM). We investigate applications of the three ozone data products from near-decadal and inter-annual timescales to day-to-day case studies. Zonally averaged inter-annual changes in tropospheric ozone from all of the products in any latitude range are of the order 1-2 Dobson Units while changes (increases) over the 8-year Aura record investigated http://eospso.gsfc.nasa.gov/atbd-category/49 vary approximately 2-4 Dobson Units. It is demonstrated that all of the ozone products can measure and monitor exceptional tropospheric ozone events including major forest fire and pollution transport events. Stratospheric ozone during the Aura record has several anomalous inter-annual events including stratospheric warming split events in the Northern Hemisphere extra-tropics that are well captured using the data assimilation ozone profile product. Data assimilation with continuous daily global coverage and vertical ozone profile information is the best of the three strategies at generating a global tropospheric and stratospheric ozone product for science applications.

  1. Retraction: Open and closed conformations reveal induced fit movements in butyrate kinase 2 activation. J. Diao, Y. D. Ma, and M. S. Hasson.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-01

    The following article from Proteins: Structure, Function, and Bioinformatics, "Open and closed conformations reveal induced fit movements in butyrate kinase 2 activation," by Jiasheng Diao, Yunglin D. Ma, and Miriam S. Hasson, published online on 21 October 2010 in Wiley Online Library (onlinelibrary.wiley.com), has been retracted by agreement between the journal Editor in Chief, Bertrand Garcia-Moreno, and Wiley Periodicals. The retraction has been agreed because it was established by internal investigation performed by Purdue University that the authors of this article are not the owners of the data and have no right to publication. PMID:19847916

  2. The infience of male cone's retraction on prestress%关于锚塞回缩对预应力影响的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘冬跃; 赵军

    2001-01-01

    The paper mainly introluces the stretching method for tendon, reasons for retraction of male cone, the influence of male cone retraction on prestress value, and measures adopt in dealing with extra loss of prestress.%介绍预应力筋张拉方法、锚塞回缩产生的原因、锚塞回缩对预应力值的影响程度以及其对预应力值过大损失的处理方法和措施。

  3. Effects of double gingival retraction and gingival retraction on the quantity and components of gingival crevicular fluid%双线排龈法和单线排龈法对基牙龈沟液含量和成分的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙艳燕; 匡斌

    2013-01-01

    目的:比较双线排龈和单线排龈对基牙龈沟液含量和成分的影响.方法:对47位患者的94个牙行冠桥修复,采用同一患者的不同牙位对照,分别采取双线排龈法和单线排龈法,取印模,完成修复体.于修复后7、21d和3、6个月提取受试牙位龈沟液,称重并检测其中天冬氨酸转氨酶(AST)和碱性磷酸酶(ALP)含量.结果:修复后7d,单线排龈组龈沟液量、GCF-AST和GCF-ALP含量高于双线排龈组(P<0.05);修复后21 d、3个月,两组各项牙周指标之间无显著性差异(P>0.05);修复后6个月,单线排龈组龈沟液含量高于双线排龈组(P<0.05),GCF-AST和GCF-ALP含量有所升高但差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).结论:双线排龈法对牙周组织的影响较单线排龈法小,更有利于牙周组织的健康.%AIM: To study the effects of double gingival retraction and gingival retraction before impression on the quantity and components of gingival crevicular fluid {GCF). METHODS: 94 teeth in 47 patients were treated by fixed prosthetics. Double gingival retraction was applied on one side and gingival retraction was applied on the other side in each patient. The quantity of GCF and the content of aspartate aminotransferase( AST) and alkaline phosphatase ( ALP) in GCF were assessed at 7 and 21 d, 3 and 6 months after application of the prosthetics. RESULTS: 7 d after treatment the quantity of GCE and the content of AST and ALT in the gingival retraction group were higher than those in double gingival retraction groupe ( P 0.05). 6 months after treatment the GCF in gingival retraction groupe was more than that in double gingival retraction groupe, while AST and ALT content was not statistically different between the two groups (P>0. 05). CONCLUSION; Double gingival retraction has less effect on periodontal tissues than gingival retraction.

  4. Apparent tolerance of turkey vultures (Cathartes aura) to the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug diclofenac

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rattner, B.A.; Whitehead, M.A.; Gasper, G.; Meteyer, C.U.; Link, W.A.; Taggart, M.A.; Meharg, A.A.; Pattee, O.H.; Pain, D.J.

    2008-01-01

    The nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug diclofenac is extremely toxic to Old World Gyps vultures (median lethal dose 0.1?0.2 mg/kg), evoking visceral gout, renal necrosis, and mortality within a few days of exposure. Unintentional secondary poisoning of vultures that fed upon carcasses of diclofenac-treated livestock decimated populations in the Indian subcontinent. Because of the widespread use of diclofenac and other cyclooxygenase-2 inhibiting drugs, a toxicological study was undertaken in turkey vultures (Cathartes aura) as an initial step in examining sensitivity of New World scavenging birds. Two trials were conducted entailing oral gavage of diclofenac at doses ranging from 0.08 to 25 mg/kg body weight. Birds were observed for 7 d, blood samples were collected for plasma chemistry (predose and 12, 24, and 48 h and 7 d postdose), and select individuals were necropsied. Diclofenac failed to evoke overt signs of toxicity, visceral gout, renal necrosis, or elevate plasma uric acid at concentrations greater than 100 times the estimated median lethal dose reported for Gyps vultures. For turkey vultures receiving 8 or 25 mg/kg, the plasma half-life of diclofenac was estimated to be 6 h, and it was apparently cleared after several days as no residues were detectable in liver or kidney at necropsy. Differential sensitivity among avian species is a hallmark of cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors, and despite the tolerance of turkey vultures to diclofenac, additional studies in related scavenging species seem warranted.

  5. Satellite observations of ethylene (C2H4) from the Aura Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer: A scoping study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dolan, Wayana; Payne, Vivienne H.; Kualwik, Susan S.; Bowman, Kevin W.

    2016-09-01

    We present a study focusing on detection and initial quantitative estimates of ethylene (C2H4) in observations from the Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer (TES), a Fourier transform spectrometer aboard the Aura satellite that measures thermal infrared radiances with high spectral resolution (0.1 cm-1). We analyze observations taken in support of the 2008 Arctic Research of the Composition of the Troposphere from Aircraft and Satellites (ARCTAS) mission and demonstrate the feasibility of future development of C2H4 into a TES standard product. In the Northern Hemisphere, C2H4 is commonly associated with boreal fire plumes, motor vehicle exhaust and petrochemical emissions. It has a short lifetime (∼14-32 h) in the troposphere due to its reaction with OH and O3. Chemical destruction of C2H4 in the atmosphere leads to the production of ozone and other species such as carbon monoxide (CO) and formaldehyde. Results indicate a correlation between C2H4 and CO in boreal fire plumes. Quantitative C2H4 estimates are sensitive to assumptions about the plume height and width. We find that C2H4 greater than 2-3 ppbv can be detected in a single TES observation (for a fire plume at 3 km altitude and 1.5 km width). Spatial averaging will be needed for surface-peaking profiles where TES sensitivity is lower.

  6. Association between Ala379Val polymorphism of lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 and migraine without aura in Iranian population

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haghdoost, Faraidoon; Gharzi, Mahsa; Faez, Farough; Hosseinzadeh, Elinaz; Tajaddini, Mohamadhasan; Rafiei, Laleh; Asgari, Fatemeh; Banihashemi, Mahboobeh; Masjedi, Samaneh Sadat; Zandifar, Alireza; Haghjooy-Javanmard, Shaghayegh

    2016-01-01

    Background: Migraine is a common neurovascular disorder with multifactorial and polygenic inheritance. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of a migraine without aura and Ala379Val polymorphism of lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) gene in the Iranian population. Methods: In this study, 103 migraine patients and 100 healthy controls were enrolled. DNA samples were extracted and the Ala379Val polymorphism of Lp-PLA2 gene was investigated. To assess severity of a headache, patients filled out the headache impact test (HIT-6) and migraine severity (MIGSEV) questionnaires. Results: Allele V had significantly lower frequency in the case group than control subjects [P = 0.001, odds ratio (OR) = 0.25, confidence interval (CI): 0.15-0.40]. The frequency of migraine patients that were a carrier of V allele (V/V and A/V) was statistically significant lower than the control group (P = 0.003, OR = 2.39, CI: 1.35-4.23). There was no significant difference of alleles frequency between three grades of MIGSEV (P = 0.316). Furthermore, total HIT-6 score was not significantly different between different genotypes (P = 0.466). Conclusion: Our results showed that Ala379Val gene polymorphism of LP-PLA2 is associated with lower risk of migraine but not with severity of headaches in an Iranian population. PMID:27326362

  7. Evidence of Convective Redistribution of Carbon Monoxide in Aura Tropospheric Emission Sounder (TES) and Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS) Observations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manyin, Michael; Douglass, Anne; Schoeberl, Mark

    2010-01-01

    Vertical convective transport is a key element of the tropospheric circulation. Convection lofts air from the boundary layer into the free troposphere, allowing surface emissions to travel much further, and altering the rate of chemical processes such as ozone production. This study uses satellite observations to focus on the convective transport of CO from the boundary layer to the mid and upper troposphere. Our hypothesis is that strong convection associated with high rain rate regions leads to a correlation between mid level and upper level CO amounts. We first test this hypothesis using the Global Modeling Initiative (GMI) chemistry and transport model. We find the correlation is robust and increases as the precipitation rate (the strength of convection) increases. We next examine three years of CO profiles from the Tropospheric Emission Sounder (TES) and Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS) instruments aboard EOS Aura. Rain rates are taken from the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) 3B-42 multi-satellite product. Again we find a correlation between mid-level and upper tropospheric CO, which increases with rain rate. Our result shows the critical importance of tropical convection in coupling vertical levels of the troposphere in the transport of trace gases. The effect is seen most clearly in strong convective regions such as the Inter-tropical Convergence Zone.

  8. Aura Microwave Limb Sounder Observations of Dynamics and Transport During the Record-Breaking 2009 Arctic Stratospheric Major Warming

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manney, Gloria L.; Schwartz, Michael J.; Krueger, Kirstin; Santee, Michelle L.; Pawson, Steven; Lee, Jae N.; Daffer, William H.; Fuller, Ryan A.; Livesey, Nathaniel J.

    2009-01-01

    A major stratospheric sudden warming (SSW) in January 2009 was the strongest and most prolonged on record. Aura Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS) observations are used to provide an overview of dynamics and transport during the 2009 SSW, and to compare with the intense, long-lasting SSW in January 2006. The Arctic polar vortex split during the 2009 SSW, whereas the 2006 SSW was a vortex displacement event. Winds reversed to easterly more rapidly and reverted to westerly more slowly in 2009 than in 2006. More mixing of trace gases out of the vortex during the decay of the vortex fragments, and less before the fulfillment of major SSW criteria, was seen in 2009 than in 2006; persistent well-defined fragments of vortex and anticyclone air were more prevalent in 2009. The 2009 SSW had a more profound impact on the lower stratosphere than any previously observed SSW, with no significant recovery of the vortex in that region. The stratopause breakdown and subsequent reformation at very high altitude, accompanied by enhanced descent into a rapidly strengthening upper stratospheric vortex, were similar in 2009 and 2006. Many differences between 2006 and 2009 appear to be related to the different character of the SSWs in the two years.

  9. Environmental drivers of variability in the movement ecology of turkey vultures (Cathartes aura) in North and South America.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dodge, Somayeh; Bohrer, Gil; Bildstein, Keith; Davidson, Sarah C; Weinzierl, Rolf; Bechard, Marc J; Barber, David; Kays, Roland; Brandes, David; Han, Jiawei; Wikelski, Martin

    2014-01-01

    Variation is key to the adaptability of species and their ability to survive changes to the Earth's climate and habitats. Plasticity in movement strategies allows a species to better track spatial dynamics of habitat quality. We describe the mechanisms that shape the movement of a long-distance migrant bird (turkey vulture, Cathartes aura) across two continents using satellite tracking coupled with remote-sensing science. Using nearly 10 years of data from 24 satellite-tracked vultures in four distinct populations, we describe an enormous amount of variation in their movement patterns. We related vulture movement to environmental conditions and found important correlations explaining how far they need to move to find food (indexed by the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index) and how fast they can move based on the prevalence of thermals and temperature. We conclude that the extensive variability in the movement ecology of turkey vultures, facilitated by their energetically efficient thermal soaring, suggests that this species is likely to do well across periods of modest climate change. The large scale and sample sizes needed for such analysis in a widespread migrant emphasizes the need for integrated and collaborative efforts to obtain tracking data and for policies, tools and open datasets to encourage such collaborations and data sharing. PMID:24733950

  10. Evaluation of satellite sulphur dioxide estimates from OMI/Aura, SCIAMACHY/Envisat and GOME2/MetopA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koukouli, MariLiza; Balis, Dimitris; Theys, Nicolas; Brenot, Hugues; van Gent, Jeroen; Valks, Pieter; Hedelt, Pascal; Lichtenberg, Günter; Richter, Andreas; Krotkov, Nickolay; van der A, Ronald

    2015-04-01

    The EU FP7 Monitoring and Assessment of Regional air quality in China using space Observations, Project Of Long-term sino-european co-Operation, MarcoPolo, project focuses on deriving emission estimates from space and their refinement by spatial downscaling and by source sector apportionment. Satellite observations of suphur dioxide, SO2, over the greater China area are analyzed using novel techniques [Fioletov et al., 2011; 2013] in order to enhance the observational signal and provide a robust SO2 dataset for the region. Observations from the SCIAMACHY/Envisat, GOME2/MetopA and OMI/Aura missions are assessed in this work and their relative strengths and shortcomings discussed at length. Rigorous screening is applied to and presented for each data source, including a full length spatiotemporal statistical analysis. Furthermore, identification of point sources such as power plants and urban agglomerations, as well as the definition of their relative contribution to the general SO2 levels, form the basis of this investigation.

  11. OMI/Aura, SCIAMACHY/Envisat and GOME2/MetopA Sulphur Dioxide Estimate; The Case of Eastern Asia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koukouli, M. E.; Balis, D. S.; Theys, N.; Brenot, H.; van Gent, J.; Hendrick, F.; Wang, T.; Valks, P.; Hedelt, P.; Lichtenberg, G.; Richter, A.; Krotkov, N.; Li, C.; van der A, R.

    2015-06-01

    The EU FP7 Monitoring and Assessment of Regional air quality in China using space Observations, Project Of Long-term sino-european co-Operation, MarcoPolo, project focuses on deriving emission estimates from space, http://www.marcopolo-panda.eu. Long term satellite observations of Sulphur Dioxide, SO2, over the greater China area from the SCIAMACHY/Envisat, GOME2/MetopA and OMI/Aura missions are compared and their relative strong points and limitations are discussed. For each satellite instrument, two different datasets are being analyzed in the same manner. Rigorous spatiotemporal statistical analysis based on novel analysis techniques is performed for each data set in order to reduce noise and biases and enhance pollution signals in satellite datasets. Furthermore, identification of point sources such as power plants, smelters and urban agglomerations, as well as definition of their relative contribution to the regional SO2 levels, form the main findings of this investigation. Trend analyses and their statistical representation help locate regions of interesting SO2 loading in China.

  12. Correlation among Cirrus Ice Content, Water Vapor and Temperature in the TTL as Observed by CALIPSO and Aura-MLS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flury, T.; Wu, D. L.; Read, W. G.

    2012-01-01

    Water vapor in the tropical tropopause layer (TTL) has a local radiative cooling effect. As a source for ice in cirrus clouds, however, it can also indirectly produce infrared heating. Using NASA A-Train satellite measurements of CALIPSO and Aura/MLS we calculated the correlation of water vapor, ice water content and temperature in the TTL. We find that temperature strongly controls water vapor (correlation r =0.94) and cirrus clouds at 100 hPa (r = -0.91). Moreover we observe that the cirrus seasonal cycle is highly (r =-0.9) anticorrelated with the water vapor variation in the TTL, showing higher cloud occurrence during December-January-February. We further investigate the anticorrelation on a regional scale and find that the strong anticorrelation occurs generally in the ITCZ (Intertropical Convergence Zone). The seasonal cycle of the cirrus ice water content is also highly anticorrelated to water vapor (r = -0.91) and our results support the hypothesis that the total water at 100 hPa is roughly constant. Temperature acts as a main regulator for balancing the partition between water vapor and cirrus clouds. Thus, to a large extent, the depleting water vapor in the TTL during DJF is a manifestation of cirrus formation.

  13. RETRACTED: Modification of magadiite surface by organofunctionalization for application in removing As(V) from aqueous media: Kinetic and thermodynamic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guerra, Denis L.; Pinto, Alane A.; Viana, Rúbia R.; Airoldi, Claudio

    2009-11-01

    This article has been retracted: please see Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal ( http://www.elsevier.com/locate/withdrawalpolicy). This article has been retracted at the request of the Editors of Applied Surface Science as fraudulent results have been found in this article and other publications in Elsevier journals by the same authors, namely, J. Colloid Interface Sci., 337 (2009) 122-130, doi: 10.1016/j.jcis.2009.05.013; Inorg. Chem. Commun., 12 (2009) 1145-1149, doi: 10.1016/j.inoche.2009.08.029; J. Environ. Radioact., 101 (2010) 122-133, doi: 10.1016/j.jenvrad.2009.09.005; Process Saf. Environ. Prot., 88 (2010) 53-61, doi: 10.1016/j.psep.2009.10.002; J. Phys. Chem. Solids, 70 (2009) 1413-1421, doi: 10.1016/j.jpcs.2009.08.012; Appl. Surf. Sci., 256 (2009) 702-709, doi: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2009.08.045; Inorg. Chem. Commun., 11 (2008) 20-23, doi: 10.1016/j.inoche.2007.09.029; Inorg. Chem. Commun, 12 (2009) 1107-1111, doi: 10.1016/j.inoche.2009.08.033; J. Hazard. Mat., 172 (2009) 507-514, doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2009.07.016; J. Hazard. Mat., 171 (2009) 514-523, doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2009.06.032; J. Colloid Interface Sci., 338 (2009) 30-39, doi: 10.1016/j.jcis.2009.06.004. Publication of an article in a peer-reviewed journal is an important building-block in the development of science. Elsevier has defined policies and ethical guidelines that have to be obeyed by authors and editors and Elsevier takes its duties of guardianship over the scholarly record extremely seriously. The Editors of the Elsevier journals involved found that the allegations of fraud are conclusive and they have decided that these papers should be retracted from the journals.

  14. RETRACTED: Sodium alginate films modified by raw and functionalized attapulgite for use of thorium(IV) adsorption: A thermodynamic approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guerra, Denis L.; Viana, Rúbia R.; da Costa, Luiz P.; Airoldi, Claudio

    2009-11-01

    This article has been retracted: please see Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal (http://www.elsevier.com/locate/withdrawalpolicy). This article has been retracted at the request of the Editors of the Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids as fraudulent results have been found in this article and other publications in Elsevier journals by the same authors, namely: J. Colloid Interface Sci., 337 (2009) 122-130, doi:10.1016/j.jcis.2009.05.013. Inorg. Chem. Commun., 12 (2009) 1145-1149, doi:10.1016/j.inoche.2009.08.029. J. Environ. Radioact., 101 (2010) 122-133, doi:10.1016/j.jenvrad.2009.09.005. Process Safety Environ. Prot., 88 (2010) 53-61, doi:10.1016/j.psep.2009.10.002. J. Phys. Chem. Solids, 70 (2009) 1413-1421, doi:10.1016/j.jpcs.2009.08.012. Appl. Surf. Sci., 256 (2009) 702-709, doi:10.1016/j.apsusc.2009.08.045. Inorg. Chem. Commun., 11 (2008) 20-23, doi:10.1016/j.inoche.2007.09.029. Inorg. Chem. Commun., 12 (2009) 1107-1111, doi:10.1016/j.inoche.2009.08.033. J. Hazard. Mat., 172 (2009) 507-514, doi:10.1016/j.jhazmat.2009.07.016. J. Hazard. Mat., 171 (2009) 514-523, doi:10.1016/j.jhazmat.2009.06.032. J. Colloid Interface Sci., 338 (2009) 30-39, doi:10.1016/j.jcis.2009.06.004. Publication of an article in a peer-reviewed journal is an important building-block in the development of science. Elsevier has defined policies and ethical guidelines and takes its duties of guardianship over the scholarly record extremely seriously. The Editors of the Elsevier journals involved found that the allegations of fraud are conclusive and they have decided that these papers should be retracted from the journals.

  15. Anterior maxillary intrusion and retraction with corticotomy-facilitated orthodontic treatment and burstone three piece intrusive arch.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prabhakar, Ramachandra; Karthikeyan, M K; Saravanan, R; Kannan, K S; Arun Raj, M R

    2013-12-01

    An adult patient with proclination and spacing was performed orthodontic treatment combined with corticotomy and the burstone three piece intrusive arch who desired a shortened treatment period. The patient had Angle's Class I malocclusion with flaring of the maxillary and mandibular incisors. Pre adjusted edgewise appliance (MBT prescription) was fixed to the maxillary and mandibular teeth. Then corticotomy was performed on the cortical bone of the buccal sides in the maxillary anterior regions. Intrusion and retraction initiated immediately after the corticotomy. The intrusive arch was adjusted once in every 2 weeks. The total treatment time for intrusion was 5 months. Cephalometric superimpositions showed no anchorage loss, and panoramic radiographs showed neither significant reduction in the crestal bone height nor marked apical root resorption. A corticotomy-facilitated orthodontic treatment shortened treatment period without any anchorage loss or adverse effects. PMID:24551742

  16. Retraction Note: Effects of Bariatric Surgery on Incidence of Obesity-Related Cancers: A Meta-Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Xiang-Wu; Li, Peng-Zhou; Zhu, Li-Yong; Zhu, Shaihong

    2016-01-01

    In the article entitled, "Effects of Bariatric Surgery on Incidence of Obesity-Related Cancers: A Meta-Analysis" which was published in Medical Science Monitor 2015;21: 1350-1357, sections in the text have been directly copied from a previously published article, entitled, "The Effects of Bariatric Surgery on Colorectal Cancer Risk: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis", Sorena Afshar, Seamus B. Kelly, Keith Seymour, Jose Lara, Sean Woodcock, John C. Mathers  in Obesity Surgery 2014; 24(10):1793-1799. Thus owing to duplicity of text, the article is being retracted. Reference: 1. Xiang-wu Yang, Peng-zhou Li, Li-yong Zhu, Shaihong Zhu Effects of Bariatric Surgery on Incidence of Obesity-Related Cancers: A Meta-Analysis Medical Science Monitor 2015;21: 1350-1357 DOI: 10.12659/MSM.893553. PMID:27215479

  17. Longitudinal stent elongation during retraction of entrapped jailed guidewire in a side branch with balloon catheter support: a case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Taniguchi, Norimasa; Mizuguchi, Yukio; Takahashi, Akihiko, E-mail: a-takahashi@wine.ocn.ne.jp

    2015-01-15

    A 72-year-old man underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention for a subtotal occlusion in the mid-portion of the left anterior descending artery involving a large diagonal branch. After successful stenting with a 3.0/24 mm bare metal stent, during which, the diagonal branch was protected with a coronary guidewire, conventional retrieval of the jailed guide wire was impossible. Subsequently, several attempts at a strong retraction of the wire with the support of a balloon catheter enabled retrieval of the trapped wire. Optical coherence tomography performed after post-dilatation, revealed that the stent was elongated to the left main coronary artery, and the structure of the strut had become coarse in the proximal portion. The stent was believed to have become entangled with the balloon catheter when the guidewire was being pulled. This case suggests that retrieving the jailed guidewire with a balloon catheter carries a potential risk of entrapment in the deformed stent.

  18. Retraction notice to: Artificial intelligence in pharmaceutical product formulation: Neural computing [Chem. Ind. Chem. Eng. Q. 15(4 (2009 227-236

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ibrić Svetlana

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This article has been retracted at the request of the authors. The retraction has been made because the authors admitted that they took the text and rawings from the review article written by R. Rowe and E. Colbourn, Future Medicinal Chemistry 1(4 (2009 713-726, without their permission and even did not include this article in the list of references. One of the conditions of submission of a paper for publication are that authors confirm that their work is entirely originally written, someone else’s data and/or text are appropriately cited or quoted and permission has been obtained for use of copyrighted material from other sources. Therefore, the retracted article represents a severe improperly usage of the scientific publishing system. Apologies are offered to readers of the Chem. Ind. Chem. Eng. Q. that this abuse was not detected during the submission process.

    Link to the retracted article 10.2298/CICEQ0904227I

  19. Retraction of publication in medical journals: current situation and principle%医学期刊撤稿:现象与理论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郝秀原; 陈立敏

    2013-01-01

    The incidence of retraction of publication seems to be increasing in medical journals.The aim of this study is to find out the main reasons leading to retraction by investigating the domestic and abroad retractions.Based on the investigation of the principles and practice guidelines,a retraction protocol suitable for China is proposed and the roles that journals and their editors play is suggested.%通过对国内外医学期刊撤稿现象的调查,探讨撤稿的主要原因,并通过对国内外相关的理论及实践操作规范的考察,对我国医学期刊撤稿的操作流程提出建议.还探讨撤稿过程中期刊和编辑的作用,为今后相关的理论研究及实际操作提供参考.

  20. Effect of conventional and experimental gingival retraction solutions on the tensile strength and inhibition of polymerization of four types of impression materials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sérgio Sábio

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available In the present study, two types of tests (tensile strength test and polymerization inhibition test were performed to evaluate the physical and chemical properties of four impression materials [a polysulfide (Permlastic, a polyether (Impregum, a condensation silicone (Xantopren and a polyvinylsiloxane (Aquasil ,3; when polymerized in contact with of one conventional (Hemostop and two experimental (Vislin and Afrin gingival retraction solutions. For the tensile strength test, the impression materials were mixed and packed into a steel plate with perforations that had residues of the gingival retraction solutions. After polymerization, the specimens were tested in tensile strength in a universal testing machine. For the polymerization inhibition test, specimens were obtained after taking impressions from a matrix with perforations that contained 1 drop of the gingival retraction solutions. Two independent examiners decided on whether or not impression material remnants remained unpolymerized, indicating interference of the chemical solutions. Based on the analysis of the results of both tests, the following conclusions were reached: 1. The tensile strength of the polysulfide decreased after contact with Hemostop and Afrin. 2. None of the chemical solutions inhibited the polymerization of the polysulfide; 3. The polyether presented lower tensile strength after polymerization in contact with the three gingival retraction agents; 4. The polyether had its polymerization inhibited only by Hemostop; 5. None of the chemical solutions affected the tensile strength of the condensation silicone; 6. Only Hemostop inhibited the polymerization of the condensation silicone; 7. The polyvinylsiloxane specimens polymerized in contact with Hemostop had significantly lower tensile strength; 8. Neither of the chemical solutions (Afrin and Vislin affected the tensile strength of the polyvinylsiloxane and the condensation silicone; 9. Results of the tensile strength

  1. Effectiveness and safety of Nintendo Wii Fit PlusTM training in children with migraine without aura: a preliminary study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esposito M

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Maria Esposito,1 Maria Ruberto,2 Francesca Gimigliano,1,2 Rosa Marotta,3 Beatrice Gallai,4 Lucia Parisi,5 Serena Marianna Lavano,3 Michele Roccella,5 Marco Carotenuto11Center for Childhood Headache, Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry Clinic, Department of Mental Health, Physical and Preventive Medicine, 2Department of Odonto-Stomathologic Disciplines, Pathology – Orthopedic Sciences, Second University of Naples, Naples, Italy; 3Department of Psychiatry, “Magna Graecia” University of Catanzaro, Catanzaro, Italy; 4Unit of Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy; 5Child Neuropsychiatry, Department of Psychology, University of Palermo, Palermo, ItalyBackground: Migraine without aura (MoA is a painful syndrome, particularly in childhood; it is often accompanied by severe impairments, including emotional dysfunction, absenteeism from school, and poor academic performance, as well as issues relating to poor cognitive function, sleep habits, and motor coordination.Materials and methods: The study population consisted of 71 patients affected by MoA (32 females, 39 males (mean age: 9.13±1.94 years; the control group consisted of 93 normally developing children (44 females, 49 males (mean age: 8.97±2.03 years recruited in the Campania school region. The entire population underwent a clinical evaluation to assess total intelligence quotient level, visual-motor integration (VMI skills, and motor coordination performance, the later using the Movement Assessment Battery for Children (M-ABC. Children underwent training using the Wii-balance board and Nintendo Wii Fit Plus™ software (Nintendo Co, Ltd, Kyoto, Japan; training lasted for 12 weeks and consisted of three 30-minute sessions per week at their home.Results: The two starting populations (MoA and controls were not significantly different for age (P=0.899 and sex (P=0.611. M-ABC and VMI performances at baseline (T0 were significantly different in dexterity

  2. Evaluation of UTLS carbon monoxide simulations in GMI and GEOS-Chem chemical transport models using Aura MLS observations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Lei; Jiang, Jonathan H.; Murray, Lee T.; Damon, Megan R.; Su, Hui; Livesey, Nathaniel J.

    2016-05-01

    This study evaluates the distribution and variation of carbon monoxide (CO) in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere (UTLS) during 2004-2012 as simulated by two chemical transport models, using the latest version of Aura Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS) observations. The simulated spatial distributions, temporal variations and vertical transport of CO in the UTLS region are compared with those observed by MLS. We also investigate the impact of surface emissions and deep convection on CO concentrations in the UTLS over different regions, using both model simulations and MLS observations. Global Modeling Initiative (GMI) and GEOS-Chem simulations of UTLS CO both show similar spatial distributions to observations. The global mean CO values simulated by both models agree with MLS observations at 215 and 147 hPa, but are significantly underestimated by more than 40 % at 100 hPa. In addition, the models underestimate the peak CO values by up to 70 % at 100 hPa, 60 % at 147 hPa and 40 % at 215 hPa, with GEOS-Chem generally simulating more CO at 100 hPa and less CO at 215 hPa than GMI. The seasonal distributions of CO simulated by both models are in better agreement with MLS in the Southern Hemisphere (SH) than in the Northern Hemisphere (NH), with disagreements between model and observations over enhanced CO regions such as southern Africa. The simulated vertical transport of CO shows better agreement with MLS in the tropics and the SH subtropics than the NH subtropics. We also examine regional variations in the relationships among surface CO emission, convection and UTLS CO concentrations. The two models exhibit emission-convection-CO relationships similar to those observed by MLS over the tropics and some regions with enhanced UTLS CO.

  3. Evaluation of UTLS Carbon Monoxide Simulations in GMI and GEOS-Chem Chemical Transport Models using Aura MLS Observations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Lei; Jiang, Jonathan H.; Murray, Lee T.; Damon, Megan R.; Su, Hui; Livesey, Nathaniel J.

    2016-01-01

    This study evaluates the distribution and variation of carbon monoxide (CO) in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere (UTLS) during 2004-2012 as simulated by two chemical transport models, using the latest version of Aura Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS) observations. The simulated spatial distributions, temporal variations and vertical transport of CO in the UTLS region are compared with those observed by MLS. We also investigate the impact of surface emissions and deep convection on CO concentrations in the UTLS over different regions, using both model simulations and MLS observations. Global Modeling Initiative (GMI) and GEOS-Chem simulations of UTLS CO both show similar spatial distributions to observations. The global mean CO values simulated by both models agree with MLS observations at 215 and 147 hPa, but are significantly underestimated by more than 40% at 100 hPa. In addition, the models underestimate the peak CO values by up to 70% at 100 hPa, 60% at 147 hPa and 40% at 215 hPa, with GEOS-Chem generally simulating more CO at 100 hPa and less CO at 215 hPa than GMI. The seasonal distributions of CO simulated by both models are in better agreement with MLS in the Southern Hemisphere (SH) than in the Northern Hemisphere (NH), with disagreements between model and observations over enhanced CO regions such as southern Africa. The simulated vertical transport of CO shows better agreement with MLS in the tropics and the SH subtropics than the NH subtropics. We also examine regional variations in the relationships among surface CO emission, convection and UTLS CO concentrations. The two models exhibit emission-convection- CO relationships similar to those observed by MLS over the tropics and some regions with enhanced UTLS CO.

  4. Global Assimilation of EOS-Aura Data as a Means of Mapping Ozone Distribution in the Lower Stratosphere and Troposphere

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wargan, Krzysztof; Olsen, M.; Douglass, A.; Witte, J.; Strahan, S.; Livesey, N.

    2012-01-01

    Ozone in the lower stratosphere and the troposphere plays an important role in forcing the climate. However, the global ozone distribution in this region is not well known because of the sparse distribution of in-situ data and the poor sensitivity of satellite based observations to the lowermost of the atmosphere. The Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) and Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS) instruments on EOS-Aura provide information on the total ozone column and the stratospheric ozone profile. This data has been assimilated into NASA s Global Earth Observing System, Version 5 (GEOS-5) data assimilation system (DAS). We will discuss the results of assimilating three years of OMI and MLS data into GEOS-5. This data was assimilated alongside meteorological observations from both conventional sources and satellite instruments. Previous studies have shown that combining observations from these instruments through the Trajectory Tropospheric Ozone Residual methodology (TTOR) or using data assimilation can yield useful, yet low biased, estimates of the tropospheric ozone budget. We show that the assimilated ozone fields in this updated version of GEOS-5 exhibit an excellent agreement with ozone sonde and High Resolution Dynamics Limb Sounder (HIRDLS) data in the lower stratosphere in terms of spatial and temporal variability as well as integrated ozone abundances. Good representation of small-scale vertical features follows from combining the MLS data with the assimilated meteorological fields. We then demonstrate how this information can be used to calculate the Stratosphere - Troposphere Exchange of ozone and its contribution to the tropospheric ozone column in GEOS-5. Evaluations of tropospheric ozone distributions from the assimilation will be made by comparisons with sonde and other in-situ observations.

  5. Comparison Between IASI/Metop-A and OMI/Aura Ozone Column Amounts with EUBREWNET Ground-Based Measurements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez-Baeza, Ernesto

    2016-07-01

    This work addresses the comparison of {bf IASI (Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer)} on board Metop-A and {bf OMI (Ozone Monitoring Instrument)} on board Aura to several ground-based Brewer spectrophotometers belonging to the {bf European Brewer Network (EUBREWNET)} for the period September 2010 to December 2015. The focus of this study is to examine how well the satellite retrieval products capture the total ozone column amounts (TOC) at different latitudes and evaluate the different levels of Brewer spectrophotometer data. On this comparison Level 1, 1.5 and 2 Brewer data will be used to evaluate satellite data, where: 1) Level 1 Brewer data are the TOC calculated with the standard Brewer algorithm from the direct sun measurements; 2) Level 1.5 Brewer data are Level 1.0 observations filtered and corrected from instrumental issues: and 3) Level 2.0 Brewer data are 1.5 observations, but validated with a posteriori calibration. The IASI retrievals examined are operational IASI Level 2 products, version 5 from September 2010 to October 2014, and version 6 from October 2014 to December 2015, from {it EUMETSAT Data Centre}, while OMI retrievals are OMI-DOAS TOC products extracted from the {it NASA Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center (GES DISC)}. The differences and their implications for the retrieved products will be discussed and, in order to evaluate the quality and sensitivity of each product, special attention will be put on analyzing the instrumental errors from these different measurement techniques. Furthermore, those parameters that could affect the comparison of the different datasets such as the different viewing geometry, the satellite data vertical sensitivity, cloudiness conditions, spectral region used for retrievals, and so on, will be analyzed in detail.

  6. A invenção da (cibercultura: virtualização, aura e práticas etnográficas pós-tradicionais no ciberespaço = The invention of (cyberculture: virtualization, aura and post-traditional etnographic pratices in the cyberspace

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lewgoy, Bernardo

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available O artigo levanta algumas questões sobre a epistemologia e a ontologia do ciberespaço, relacionando-as com a realização de etnografias pós-tradicionais em mundos virtuais. O autor sustenta que o conceito de aura, de Walter Benjamin, é ainda útil para pensar os nexos entre virtualização e velhas tecnologias como um exemplo dos problemas gerais discutidos.

  7. A invenção da (ciber)cultura: virtualização, aura e práticas etnográficas pós-tradicionais no ciberespaço = The invention of (cyber)culture: virtualization, aura and post-traditional etnographic pratices in the cyberspace

    OpenAIRE

    Lewgoy, Bernardo

    2009-01-01

    O artigo levanta algumas questões sobre a epistemologia e a ontologia do ciberespaço, relacionando-as com a realização de etnografias pós-tradicionais em mundos virtuais. O autor sustenta que o conceito de aura, de Walter Benjamin, é ainda útil para pensar os nexos entre virtualização e velhas tecnologias como um exemplo dos problemas gerais discutidos.

  8. Intercomparisons of Aura MLS, ACE, and HALOE Observations of Long-Lived Trace Species Using the Langley Lagrangian Chemistry and Transport Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Considine, David B.; Natarajan, Murali; Fairlie, T. D.; Lingenfelser, Gretchen S.; Bernath, Peter

    2007-01-01

    We use the LaRC Lagrangian Chemistry and Transport Model (LCTM) [Considine et al., 2007; Pierce et al., 2003] to intercompare ACE, Aura, and HALOE observations of long-lived trace species. The LCTM calculates the transport, mixing, and photochemical evolution of an ensemble of parcels that have been initialized from ACE-FTS measurements. Here we focus on late November, 2004 comparisons, due to the previous 3-week period of continuous HALOE observations and MLS v2.2 data on November 29, 2004.

  9. Angiotensin-converting enzyme gene deletion polymorphism determines an increase in frequency of migraine attacks in patients suffering from migraine without aura.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paterna, S; Di Pasquale, P; D'Angelo, A; Seidita, G; Tuttolomondo, A; Cardinale, A; Maniscalchi, T; Follone, G; Giubilato, A; Tarantello, M; Licata, G

    2000-01-01

    Many authors have reported an association between the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE)-D allele and coronary heart disease and other cardiovascular diseases. The mechanism underlying the positive associations between the ACE-D alleles and diseases are not yet clear. Previous reports showed an association between migraine without aura and ACE-D allele polymorphism. The study is aimed to evaluate if the DD genotype could also be associated with the frequency and duration of migraine without aura. In 302 patients suffering from migraine without aura (at least for 1 year), with no history of cardiovascular diseases and major risk factors for ischemic events, the genotypes of the ACE gene, plasma ACE activity, and the frequency (weekly) and duration of migraine attacks were evaluated. No drugs were given before (4 weeks) and during the study. The same evaluations were performed in 201 subjects without migraine. The molecular biologist and the physician evaluating the patient data were blinded to the clinical history and ACE-DD gene determination. Genotypes were determined by polymerase chain reaction amplification. Plasma ACE activity was performed by the HPLC method. The groups were similar for sex, age and smoking habit (migraines: 302 patients (200 F/102 M), mean age 37.8 +/- 8.2 years; control: 201 subjects (127 F/74 M), mean age 37.5 +/- 9.3 years). Patients with migraine without aura showed higher incidence of the ACE-DD gene (48.34%) than control subjects (37.32%), p < 0.05. The frequency of migraine (average attacks per week) was higher in patients with DD (2.11 +/- 1.9) than in patients with ID (1.54 +/- 1. 44), p < 0.05. No difference in duration of migraine attacks (hours per week) was observed. Plasma ACE activity was increased in patients with the ACE-DD gene. Our data suggest that ACE-DD gene polymorphism could have an important role in determining migraine attacks and the frequency of these attacks. Further data are needed through further studies

  10. Aura MLS observations of the westward-propagating s=1, 16-day planetary wave in the stratosphere, mesosphere and lower thermosphere

    OpenAIRE

    K. A. Day; Hibbins, R. E.; Mitchell, N J

    2011-01-01

    The Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS) on the Aura satellite has been used to measure temperatures in the stratosphere, mesosphere and lower thermosphere. The data used here are from August 2004 to December 2010 and latitudes 75 degrees N to 75 degrees S. The temperature data reveal the regular presence of a westward-propagating 16-day planetary wave with zonal wavenumber 1. The wave amplitudes maximise in winter at middle to high latitudes, where monthly-mean amplitudes can be as large as similar ...

  11. Tropospheric column ozone: matching individual profiles from Aura OMI and TES with a chemistry-transport model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Q. Tang

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Of all satellite measurements of ozone, only two instruments have coincident, spatially overlapping measurements to allow direct comparison of tropospheric column ozone (TCO: the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI and Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer (TES on the NASA Aura spacecraft. For two years (2005–2006, we collect all observations between 60° S and 60° N from nadir (~65 000 from OMI and TES and cross-track swaths (~30 000 000 from OMI and compare with a chemistry-transport model (CTM simulating each observation with corresponding spatial and temporal coincidence. High-frequency TCO variations are indicative of stratospheric intrusions of ozone-rich air, and the individual, level 2 data provide access to these short-lived phenomena. Although we can identify some seasonal and large-scale biases in the model, the CTM as a transfer standard identifies weaknesses in the observations and further helps quantify the measurement noise of individual profiles. The relatively noise-free CTM bridges these two satellite measurements and improves their cross-validation to better precision than a simple direct comparison. Previous validation studies of TES TCO versus ozonesondes found a bias of about +4 Dobson Units (DU for large regions. The three-way comparison, with a far greater number of coincidences, indicates that monthly mean OMI-TES TCO biases fall within a few percent, and thus quantifies the OMI TCO bias at a few DU. For small regions (i.e., 5 × 5°, however, the monthly mean OMI-TES differences can exceed ±10 DU at many places (e.g., tropics due to different tropospheric sensitivities of the two instruments at these locations. In addition, the CTM-TES comparison split into day versus night observations shows no apparent bias in TES at very low levels, ±1 DU. These OMI-TES-CTM comparisons highlighted the importance of the a priori ozone profiles that went into each satellite retrieval, including a false agreement due to CTM-a priori

  12. Tropospheric column ozone: matching individual profiles from Aura OMI and TES with a chemistry-transport model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Q. Tang

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Of all satellite measurements of ozone, only two instruments have coincident, spatially overlapping measurements to allow direct comparison of tropospheric column ozone (TCO: the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI and the Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer (TES on the NASA Aura spacecraft. For two years (2005–2006, we collect all observations between 60° S and 60° N from nadir (~65 000 from OMI and TES and cross-track swaths (~30 000 000 from OMI and compare with a chemistry-transport model (CTM simulating each observation with corresponding spatial and temporal coincidence. High-frequency TCO variations are indicative of stratospheric intrusions of ozone-rich air, and the individual, level 2 data provide access to these short-lived phenomena. Although we can identify some seasonal and large-scale biases in the model, the CTM as a transfer standard identifies weaknesses in the observations and further helps quantify the measurement noise of individual profiles. The relatively noise-free CTM bridges these two satellite measurements and improves their cross-validation to better precision than a simple direct comparison. Previous validation studies of TES TCO versus ozonesondes found a bias of about +4 Dobson Units (DU for large regions. The three-way comparison and the CTM transfer method that use a far greater number of coincidences, indicate that monthly zonal mean OMI-TES TCO biases fall within 5–10%, and thus quantifies the zonal mean OMI TCO bias at a few DU. For small regions (i.e., 5 × 5°, however, the monthly mean OMI-TES differences can exceed ±10 DU at many places (e.g., tropics for the direct OMI-TES comparison due to different tropospheric sensitivities of the two instruments at these locations. Partly removing the influence of different sensitivities by applying the CTM as the transfer standard, the OMI-TES differences generally decrease, especially over the tropics. In addition, the CTM-TES comparison split into day versus

  13. Retraction notice to "On a general class of regular rotating black holes based on a smeared mass distribution" [Phys. Lett. B 743 (2015) 492-502

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larranaga, Alexis; Cardenas-Avendano, Alejandro; Torres, Daniel Alexdy

    2015-07-01

    This article has been retracted: please see Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal. This article has been retracted at the request of the Editor-in-Chief. The authors have plagiarized part of a paper that had already appeared in Adv. High Energy Physics, P. Nicolini, A. Orlandi, E. Spallucci, The Final Stage of Gravitationally Collapsed Thick Matter Layers, Vol 2013 (2013), Article ID 812084 http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/812084. One of the conditions of submission of a paper for publication is that authors declare explicitly that their work is original and has not appeared in a publication elsewhere. Re-use of any data should be appropriately cited. As such this article represents a severe abuse of the scientific publishing system. The scientific community takes a very strong view on this matter and apologies are offered to readers of the journal that this was not detected during the submission process.

  14. Notice of Retraction: Enhanced Link based Congestion Control (ELCC in Peer-to-Peer (P2P based Video on Demand (VoD System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arockia Xavier Annie. Rayan

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The following article has been retracted by the Editorial Board and the Publisher of Journal of Networks: “Enhanced Link based Congestion Control (ELCC in Peer-to-Peer (P2P based Video on Demand (VoD System” by Arockia Xavier Annie Rayan and Yogesh Palanichamy Journal of Networks Volume 7, Number 10, October 2012, Pages: 1515-1522 doi:10.4304/jnw.7.10.1515-1522 The retraction is based on the determination of redundant publication. The same article has been published as follows: “Enhanced Link based Congestion Control (ELCC in Peer-to-Peer (P2P based Video on Demand (VoD System” by Arockia Xavier Annie R., Vanitha Sheba M. and Yogesh P. International Journal of Computer Applications 36(1:18-26, December 2011. Published by Foundation of Computer Science, New York, USA URL: http://www.ijcaonline.org/archives/volume36/number1/4455-6238

  15. Retraction: "Over-expression of FoxM1 leads to epithelial-mesenchymal transition and cancer stem cell phenotype in pancreatic cancer cells" by Bao et al.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-08-01

    The above article, published online on April 18, 2011 in Wiley Online Library (wileyonlinelibrary.com), has been retracted by agreement between the journal Editor in Chief, Gary S. Stein, and Wiley Periodicals, Inc. The retraction has been agreed following an investigation from Wayne State University involving the second author that found Figures 1C and 4C to be inappropriately re-used and re-labeled. REFERENCE Bao B, Wang Z, Ali S, Kong D, Banerjee S, Ahmad A, Li Y, Azmi AS, Miele L, Sarkar FH. 2011. Over-expression of FoxM1 leads to epithelial-mesenchymal transition and cancer stem cell phenotype in pancreatic cancer cells. J Cell Biochem 112:2296-2306; doi: 10.1002/jcb.23150. PMID:27301890

  16. Retracted: Impact of Type 2 diabetes prevention programmes based on risk identification and lifestyle intervention intensity strategies: a cost-effectiveness analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-08-01

    The following article, published online on 17 November 2015 in Wiley Online Library (wileyonlinelibrary.com), has been retracted by agreement between the authors, the journal Editor in Chief, Richard Holt and John Wiley & Sons Ltd. The retraction has been agreed due the fact the authors have made Wiley aware that there was an error in the way the diabetes prevention intervention effect was implemented in this version of the model. The underlying model is not affected by this error. However, the magnitude of the cost savings and health benefits are substantially lower than stated. Reference 1 Breeze R, Thomas C, Squires H, Brennan A, Greaves C, Diggle PJ, Brunner E, Tabak A, Preston L, Chilcott J. Impact of Type 2 diabetes prevention programmes based on risk identification and lifestyle intervention intensity strategies: a cost-effectiveness analysis. Diabet Med 2015; doi: 10.1111/dme.12981. PMID:26435275

  17. Deformation Retraction of Groups and Toeplitz Algebras%群的形变收缩及Toeplitz代数

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许庆祥

    2006-01-01

    设G为一个离散群,(G,G+)为一个拟偏序群使得G0+=G+∩G0-1为G的非平凡子群.令[G]为G关于G0+的左倍集全体,|G+|为|G|的正部.记TG+和T[G+]为相应的Toeplitz代数.当存在一个从G到G0+上的形变收缩映照时,我们证明了TG+酉同构于T[G+]( ) Cr*(G0+)的一个C*-子代数.若进一步,G0+还为G的一个正规子群,则TG+与T[G+]( )Cr*(G0+)酉同构.%Let (G, G+) be a quasi-partial ordered group such that G0+ = G+ ∩ G+-1 is a non-trivial subgroup of G. Let [G] be the collection of left cosets and [G+] be its positive.Denote by TG+ and T[G+] the associated Toeplitz algebras. We prove that TG+ is unitarily isomorphic to a C*-subalgebra of T[G+]( ) Cr* (G0+) if there exists a deformation retraction from G onto G0+. Suppose further that G0+ is normal, then TG+ and T[G+] ( )Cr*(G0+) are unitarily equivalent.

  18. Expandable and retractable self-rolled structures based on metal/polymer thin film for flow sensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Jianzhong; White, Carl; Saadat, Mehdi; Bart-Smith, Hilary

    2015-11-01

    Most aquatic animals such as fish rely heavily on their ability of detect and respond to ambient flows in order to explore and inhabit various habitats or survive predator-prey encounters. Fish utilize neuromasts in their skin surface and lateral lines in their bodies to align themselves while swimming upstream for migration, avoid obstacles, reduce locomotion cost, and detect flow variations caused by potential predators. In this study, a thin film MEMS sensor analogous to a fish neuromast has been designed for flow sensing. Residual stress arises in many thin film materials during processing. Metal and polymer thin film materials with a significant difference in elastic modular were chosen to form a multiple-layer structure. Upon releasing, the structure rolls into a tube due to mechanical property mismatch. The self-rolled tube can expand or retract, depending on the existence of external force such as flow. An embedded strain sensor detects the deformation of the tube and hence senses the ambient flow. Numerical simulations were conducted to optimize the structural design. Experiments were performed in a flow tank to quantify the performance of the sensor. This research is supported by the Office of Naval Research under the MURI Grant N00014-14-1-0533.

  19. EFFECT OF CONVENTIONAL AND EXPERIMENTAL GINGIVAL RETRACTION SOLUTIONS ON THE TENSILE STRENGTH AND INHIBITION OF POLYMERIZATION OF FOUR TYPES OF IMPRESSION MATERIALS

    OpenAIRE

    Sérgio Sábio; Paulo Afonso Franciscone; José Mondelli

    2008-01-01

    In the present study, two types of tests (tensile strength test and polymerization inhibition test) were performed to evaluate the physical and chemical properties of four impression materials [a polysulfide (Permlastic), a polyether (Impregum), a condensation silicone (Xantopren) and a polyvinylsiloxane (Aquasil) ,3; when polymerized in contact with of one conventional (Hemostop) and two experimental (Vislin and Afrin) gingival retraction solutions. For the tensile strength test, the i...

  20. Retraction: On the origin of power-law distributions in systems with constrained phase space [Condens. Matter Phys., 2013, vol. 16, 43802

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Editorial Board

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The article Condens. Matter Phys., 2013, vol. 16, 43802 ( DOI:10.5488/CMP.16.43802 has been retracted by the decision of the Editorial Board. There is a significant overlap with an article: Phys. Rev. E, 2006, vol. 74, 036120 ( DOI:10.1103/PhysRevE.74.036120. Appologies are offered to readers of the journal that this was not detected during the submission process.

  1. A clinical and radiographic study to evaluate the rate of retraction of maxillary canine using nickel-titanium closed coil spring with two different bracket systems

    OpenAIRE

    P Adarsh Reddy; Ramachandra Prabhakar; Swati Saraswata Acharya; Karthikeyan, M.K

    2014-01-01

    Objectives: This study compares the efficiency of self-ligating brackets with the conventional preadjusted edgewise (PEA) brackets during maxillary canine retraction using nickel-titanium closed coil springs. Materials and Methods: The sample comprised of 20 healthy patients (10 males and 10 females), within age groups 16-26 years (mean, 20 years) having Class I malocclusion with bimaxillary protrusion. All patients underwent bilateral extraction of the maxillary first bicuspids and retractio...

  2. Three-dimensional evaluation of upper anterior alveolar bone dehiscence after incisor retraction and intrusion in adult patients with bimaxillary protrusion malocclusion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qing-yuan GUO; Shi-jie ZHANG; Hong LIU; Chun-ling WANG; Fu-lan WEI; Tao LV; Na-na WANG; Dong-xu LIU

    2011-01-01

    Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate three-dimensional (3D) dehiscence of upper anterior alveolar bone during incisor retraction and intrusion in adult patients with maximum anchorage.Methods: Twenty adult patients with bimaxillary dentoalveolar protrusion had the four first premolars extracted.Miniscrews were placed to provide maximum anchorage for upper incisor retraction and intrusion.A computed tomography (CT) scan was performed after placement of the miniscrews and treatment.The 3D reconstructions of pre- and post-CT data were used to assess the dehiscence of upper anterior alveolar bone.Results: The amounts of upper incisor retraction at the edge and apex were (7.64±1.68) and (3.91±2.10) mm,respectively,and (1.34±0.74) mm of upper central incisor intrusion.Upper alveolar bone height losses at labial alveolar ridge crest (LAC) and palatal alveolar ridge crest (PAC) were 0.543 and 2.612 mm,respectively,and the percentages were (6.49±3.54)% and (27.42±9.77)%,respectively.The shape deformations of LAC-labial cortex bending point (LBP) and PAC-palatal cortex bending point (PBP) were (15.37±5.20)° and (6.43±3.27)°,respectively.Conclusions: Thus,for adult patients with bimaxillary protrusion,mechanobiological response of anterior alveolus should be taken into account during incisor retraction and intrusion.Pursuit of maximum anchorage might lead to upper anterior alveolar bone loss.

  3. Comparison of damage degree of gingival retraction materials with different dosage forms on the gingival tissues%不同剂型排龈材料对牙龈组织损伤程度的比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨春江; 刘璇; 吴文慧

    2012-01-01

    背景:排龈有利于印模准确记录预备体边缘的位置和形态,从而提高固定修复体牙龈边缘的适合性,以确保修复体的成功和长期稳定性.目的:观察应用排龈线和排龈膏后大鼠牙龈组织的损伤程度.方法:实验纳入65 只Wistar 大鼠,分别应用排龈线或排龈膏对大鼠进行排龈处理,以不进行排龈处理的大鼠作为对照.分别在排龈后30 min,1,2,4,7,12 d 采集大鼠牙龈组织进行观察.结果与结论:病理学观察发现,排龈线与排龈膏均导致牙龈组织损伤,并产生炎症反应.排龈线组牙龈炎症反应较排龈膏组重,但排龈12 d 后两组牙龈均恢复正常的组织学形态.说明两种排龈剂型都是安全可靠的,但排龈膏对牙龈组织的损伤程度要轻于排龈线,生物学效应更佳.%BACKGROUND: Gingival retraction contributes to the accurate records of the position and morphology of the tooth prepare edge, thereby enhance the suitability of the gingival margin in the fixed restoration, to ensure the success and long- term stability of the restoration. OBJECTIVE: To observe the damage degree of gingival tissues in rats treated with gingival retraction cord and gingival retraction paste gum. METHODS: A total of 65 Wistar rats were involved in this experiment. Experimental rats were treated with gingival retraction cord and gingival retraction paste gum; control rats did not receive gingival retraction treatment. Rat gingival tissues were collected at 30 minutes, 1, 2, 4, 7 and 12 days after gingival retraction for observation. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Pathology observation showed that both gingival retraction cord and gingival retraction paste gum can lead to gingival tissue damage and inflammatory reaction. The inflammatory reaction in the gingival retraction cord group was severe than that in the gingival retraction paste gum group; however, the histology manifestation of gingival tissues in both groups returned to normal on 12 day after

  4. OMI/Aura UV product validation using NILU-UV ground-based measurements in Thessaloniki, Greece

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zempila, Melina-Maria; Koukouli, Maria-Elissavet; Bais, Alkiviadis; Fountoulakis, Ilias; Arola, Antti; Kouremeti, Natalia; Balis, Dimitris

    2016-09-01

    The main aim of this work is to evaluate the NASA EOS AURA Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) UV irradiance estimates through ground-based measurements performed by a NILU-UV multichannel radiometer (NILU-UV) operating in Thessaloniki, Greece, for the time period between January 2005 and December 2014. NILU-UV multi-filter radiometers can provide measurements at 5 UV wavelength bands with full width at half maximum (FWHM) of 10 nm approximately and a time analysis of 1 min. An additional channel measuring the Photosynthetically Active Radiation (PAR) is also incorporated to the instrument and is used for the stringent characterization of the cloud free instances. The OMI instrument estimates solar UV irradiances at four wavelengths close to those of the NILU-UV in Thessaloniki. Clear and all-sky overpass-time, as well as solar local-noon time, UV estimates are provided by the NASA Aura Data Validation Center. Spectra measured from a collocated MKIII Brewer spectrophotometer with serial number 086 (Brewer #086) were utilized for the whole period (2005-2014) in order to estimate the NILU-UV irradiances at the OMI wavelength irradiances and therefore provide a direct comparison and validation to the NILU UV measurements provided by OMI. For the nominal comparisons, using un-flagged OMI data within a 50 km radius from Thessaloniki, the linear determination coefficient, R2, ranges between 0.91 and 0.97 for the 305 nm and between 0.75 and 0.92 for 380 nm depending on the choice of overpass or local-noon time data and the cloudiness flags. The best agreement is found for the clear-sky overpass-time comparisons as well as the both PAR- and satellite algorithm-deduced clear-sky overpass and local-noon comparisons for all wavelengths. The OMI irradiances were found to overestimate the NILU-UV observations in Thessaloniki between ∼4.5% and 13.5% for the 305 nm and between ∼1.5% and ∼10.0% for the 310 nm wavelength depending on the choice of time [overpass vs local noon

  5. Retraction notice to "Increased Risk of Stomach and Esophageal Malignancies in People With AIDS": Gastroenterology 2012;143:943-950.e2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Persson, E Christina; Shiels, Meredith S; Dawsey, Sanford M; Bhatia, Kishor; Anderson, Lesley A; Engels, Eric A

    2016-04-01

    This article has been retracted: please see Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal (http://www.elsevier.com/locate/withdrawalpolicy). This article has been retracted at the request of the Editor-in-Chief and Authors. The authors recently discovered two programming errors that affected the results in their article on the epidemiology of esophageal and stomach cancers in human immunodeficiency virus infected people. As a result of these errors, the standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) were too high. The corrected SIRs are all lower than the authors reported, and the corrected SIR for stomach cancer is no longer significantly elevated. These errors affect Tables 2-5 in the paper. Because the new findings alter the conclusions, the editors and authors have jointly made the decision to retract the paper. The authors would like to express their sincere regret at the errors in their initial report and any inconvenience or confusion that they created. The corrected results may be obtained by contacting the corresponding author, Dr. Eric A. Engels, by email at engelse@exchange.nih.gov. PMID:27015731

  6. Hands-up positioning during asymmetric sternal retraction for internal mammary artery harvest: a possible method to reduce brachial plexus injury.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jellish, W S; Blakeman, B; Warf, P; Slogoff, S

    1997-02-01

    This study compares the hands-up (HU) with the arms at side (AAS) position to determine whether one is beneficial in reducing brachial plexus stress during asymmetric sternal retraction. Eighty patients undergoing cardiac surgery were assigned to either Group 1 (AAS) or Group 2 (HU). Perioperative neurologic evaluations of the brachial plexus were performed and somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEPs) were collected during internal mammary artery harvest using asymmetric sternal retraction. Demographic data, SSEP changes, and postoperative brachial plexus symptoms were compared between groups. SSEP amplitude decreased in 95% of all patients during retractor placement with substantial decreases (> 50%) observed on the left side in 50% of the AAS and 35% of the HU patients. Amplitude recovery was normally seen in both groups after asymmetric retractor removal. Similar changes were noted, to a lesser degree, on the right side. During asymmetric sternal retraction, HU positioning offered minimal benefit in reducing brachial plexus stress as measured by SSEP. Three of the seven AAS patients who reported brachial plexus symptoms had an ulnar nerve distribution of injury. However, none of the four patients with plexus symptoms in the HU group had ulnar nerve problems, suggesting that the higher incidence of postoperative symptoms observed with AAS positioning may occur from ulnar nerve compression. PMID:9024012

  7. Aesthetic aura of meaning

    OpenAIRE

    حسین آقا حسینی; مسعود آلگونه جونقانی

    2013-01-01

    Denying lexical dogmatism and announcing free presence of lexical items in poetry deluded the minds that the mere presence of any lexical item in a poem rends it aesthetic value! Consequently, an enormous number of words, regardless of their poetical value, rushed into the world of poetry. Of course, no one can deny the fact that any lexical item can freely enter the poetical context of any literary work; however, it must be clarified from the very beginning that this presence would never gua...

  8. Retraction of dental unit waterlines in Tianjin City%天津市口腔综合治疗台水路回吸调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    纪学悦; 费春楠; 沈芃; 刘军; 刘贺; 宋佳

    2015-01-01

    Objective To survey the retraction of dental unit waterlines (DUWLs)in medical institutions,and evaluate the influencing factors for retraction of DUWLs.Methods In May-November 2014,dental chair units (DCUs)in medical institutions in Tianjin City were sampled through systematic random sampling method,retrac-tion volume of DUWLs was detected by independently made detector,the relevant influencing factors were investi-gated.Results A total of 58 DCUs in 30 medical institutions in 10 districts(counties)of Tianjin were investigated, the average retraction volume of DUWLs was (103.60 ±117.85 )mm3 ,the qualified rate of retraction volume of DUWLs was 48.28 %(28/58);length of utilization of DCUs was positively correlated with DUWLs retraction (r=0.52,P 0.05 ).Conclusion The qualified rate of retraction volume of DUWLs is low,routine maintenance of DUCs needs to be intensified,especially the long-term used DUCs,contaminatin of DUWLs due to the invalidity of retraction valve should be prevented.%目的:调查医疗机构口腔综合治疗台水路(DUWLs)回吸量,探讨影响 DUWLs 回吸的因素。方法采用系统随机抽样的方法对2014年5—11月天津市口腔综合治疗台(DCU)进行抽样,应用自行研制的回吸检测器对 DUWLs 回吸量进行检测,同时调查相关影响因素。结果共调查天津市10个区(县)30所医疗机构中58台 DCU,平均 DUWLs 回吸量为(103.60±117.85)mm3,DUWLs 回吸量合格率为48.28%(28/58);DCU已使用时间与 DUWLs 回吸量呈正相关(r =0.52,P <0.001)。不同医疗机构所属区县、医疗机构级别与类别、DCU 品牌、DCU 供水方式的 DUWLs 回吸量比较,差异均无统计学意义(均 P >0.05)。结论DUWLs 回吸量检测合格率低,应加强 DCU 的日常维护与保养,尤其是使用时间长的 DCU,应防止因防回吸阀门失效导致的DUWLs出水污染。

  9. Application of braided retraction cord in dentistry%编织排龈线在牙体修复中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张衍军

    2013-01-01

      背景:排龈是标准牙体制备和精确印模制取的重要环节,对于患牙修复成功具有重要的意义。目的:评价编织排龈线在牙体修复中的应用效果。方法:对应用编织排龈线修复缺损牙体的患者进行随访观察,通过评估牙体修复的满意度以及龈缘出血、牙龈炎、牙周炎等相关并发症的发生情况评价排龈线在牙体修复中的作用,同时比较不同结构特征的排龈线在牙体修复中的效果。结果与结论:应用编织排龈线修复牙体缺损的367颗前牙和64颗后牙,降低了患牙修复后牙龈变色、龈缘出血、牙龈炎和牙周炎等牙周并发症的发生率。国产排龈线因内含明矾,具有良好的止血功能,能够获得满意的修复效果,而进口排龈线因网状编织结构同样具有较好的止血功能以及获得满意的修复效果,二者在牙体修复过程中的满意率无明显差异。%  BACKGROUND: Gingival is the important part in the preparation of standard dental body and accurate impression, which has great significance in the repairing of diseased teeth. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the application effect of braided retraction cord in dentistry. METHODS: The patients who received braided retraction cord for repairing of dental defects were fol owed-up, and the effect of retraction cord on dentistry through assessing the satisfaction of dentistry and the related complications of gingival bleeding, gingivitis and periodontitis. The effect of retraction cord with different structural characteristics in dentistry was compared. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The braided retraction cord for the repairing of 367 anterior and 64 posterior dental defects could reduce the incidence of periodontal complications of gum discoloration, gingival bleeding, gingivitis and periodontitis. Domestic retraction cord as it contains alum has a good hemostatic function and can obtain satisfactory restoration effect. The

  10. Evaluation of periosteal fixation of lateral rectus and partial VRT for cases of exotropic Duane retraction syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pradeep Sharma

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the lateral rectus periosteal fixation and partial vertical rectus transpositioning (VRT as treatment modalities to correct exotropic Duane retraction syndrome (Exo-DRS. Materials and Methods: Prospective interventional case study of cases of Exo-DRS with limitation of adduction. A total of 13 patients were subdivided into two groups. Six patients underwent only lateral rectus periosteal fixation (group A and seven patients also underwent partial VRT (group B. Assessment involved prism bar cover test, abduction and adduction range, extent of binocular single visual field and exophthalmometry. These tests were repeated at 1 week, 1 month and 3 months post-operatively and data analyzed. Results: The pre-operative mean values and ranges were 26.2 Δ (22-35 exotropia for group A and −21.3 Δ (14-30 exotropia for group B. The post-operative mean and range was +0.6 Δ esotropia (+20 to −8 for group A and 8 Δ (−2 to −20 exotropia for group B. Mean grade of limitation of abduction changed from −3.8 to −3.6 versus −3.6 to −2.8 and mean grade of limitation of adduction changed from −1.9 to −0.7 versus −1.5 to −0.5 in the groups A and B respectively. Mean binocular single visual field changed from 14.7° to 23.3° in group A and 11.8° to 26.4° in the group B respectively. Conclusion: Lateral rectus periosteal fixation is an effective surgery to correct the exodeviation, anomalous head posture and improving adduction in Exo-DRS and partial VRT in addition is effective in improving abduction and binocular single visual fields.

  11. Mudança no padrão biológico da migrânea com aura após a utilização da tetrabenazina: relato de caso Change in the biologic pattern of the migraine with aura after the use of tetrabenazine: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ELCIO JULIATO PIOVESAN

    2000-06-01

    Full Text Available A participação do sistema dopaminérgico na fisiopatologia da migrânea tem sido proposta a partir de recentes conquistas genéticas. Uma possível hipereatividade dos receptores dopaminérgicos DRD2 tornou as evidências mais contundentes neste sentido. Descrevemos paciente masculino, 31 anos, portador de distonia generalizada, secundária a hipóxia perinatal. Aos 16 anos, começou a ter crises de cefaléia que preenchiam os critérios para migrânea com aura. Três anos após tratamento da distônia com tetrabenazina, observou-se nítida redução da frequência, intensidade e duração das crises. Durante dois períodos, superiores a dois meses, a interrupção do tratamento com tetrabenazina induziu piora nas crises de migrânea. Apresentamos este relato como sendo a primeira descrição na literatura mostrando efeitos benéficos da tetrabenazina, um bloqueador dos receptores dopaminérgicos, sobre o comportamento da migrânea com aura.The influence of the dopaminergic system on the pathophysiology of migraine has been suggested as a result of recent genetic discoveries. A possible hyper-reactivity of the dopaminergic receptors DRD2 reinforced the evidence regarding this. We describe a 31 years-old male patient affected by a generalized dystonia secondary to perinatal hypoxia. At age 16, the patient started having headache crises that met the criteria for migraine with aura. After three years of treatment for dystonia with tetrabenazine, a clear reduction in the frequency, intensity and duration of the crises was perceived. During two periods longer than two months, the interruption of the treatment with tetrabenazine brought about an aggravation of the migraine crises. We present this case as being the first description in the literature showing the beneficial effects of tetrabenazine, a blocker of dopaminergic receptors, on the behavior of migraine with aura.

  12. 三维模型分析法评价不同排龈时间下的龈沟宽度%Three-dimensional model analysis of the gingival sulcus width from different retraction time

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张津京; 刘玉华; 吕培军; 赵一姣

    2011-01-01

    Objective :To explore the effect of gingival retraction time on the gingival sulcus width in different gingival areas, using three-dimensional ( 3D) model analysis. Methods: Forty-six premolars from 10 volunteers were included, gingival retraction cords were applied on the buccal sulcus for three times, and the retraction time was 5, 10 and 15 minutes respectively. The least interval between two retraction procedures was 2 weeks. Impressions and stone models were made before and after gingival retraction. 3D data of the models were acquired by a 3D line laser scanner. Models were superimposed and tooth coordinate was set up with special software. Sulcus widths from different retraction time and different gingival areas were measured and compared. Results: Sulcus widths between retraction of 5 and 10 minutes were significantly different at midbuccal and transitional line angle ( TLA) gingival areas. At TLA areas, sulcus widths between retraction of 10 and 15 minutes were also statistically different, but the difference was not significant when compared with that of 5 and 10 minutes. Sulcus widths at midbuccal areas were significantly greater than that at TLA areas for all three retraction time. Conclusion: Before making impressions, gingival retraction time of single-cord mechanical technique should be at least 10 minutes. For different gingival areas, the enlargement of gingival sulcus from gingival retraction and the optimal retraction time were different. 3D model analysis could be used as a new objective method to evaluate gingival retraction effect from different retraction time.%目的:利用三维数字化模型分析法,研究排龈时间对牙龈不同部位龈沟宽度的影响.方法:选取10名志愿者的46颗前磨牙,对其颊侧龈沟共进行3次排龈,时间分别为5、10、15 min,两次排龈至少间隔2周,制取排龈前、后的印模并灌制石膏模型.用三维线激光扫描仪获取模型三维数据,通过专业软件进行模型重

  13. RETRACTION: Publishers' Note

    Science.gov (United States)

    post="(Executive Editor">Graeme Watt,

    2010-06-01

    Withdrawal of the paper "Was the fine-structure constant variable over cosmological time?" by L. D. Thong, N. M. Giao, N. T. Hung and T. V. Hung (EPL, 87 (2009) 69002) This paper has been formally withdrawn on ethical grounds because the article contains extensive and repeated instances of plagiarism. EPL treats all identified evidence of plagiarism in the published articles most seriously. Such unethical behaviour will not be tolerated under any circumstance. It is unfortunate that this misconduct was not detected before going to press. My thanks to Editor colleagues from other journals for bringing this fact to my attention.

  14. 起落架多冗余度收放控制器设计%Design of Multi-Redundant Controller for Landing Gear Retraction and Extension

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王韬; 杨楠; 魏之暄; 钱雄文; 张存访

    2012-01-01

    起落架收放系统对大型客机的安全性至关重要,其中起落架收放控制和指示子系统的安全性以及指示的正确性,对减少故障的发生和提高维修性具有重要意义.文中设计了一种采用双-双余度结构的起落架收放控制器,将有中心裁决冗余与无中心裁决冗余相结合,并同时采用了非相似余度设计以及各种软硬件错误检测,极大地提高了系统的可靠性,实际运行证明此设计是十分可靠的.%The landing gear retraction and extension system was crucial to the safety of aircrafto The safety and correctness of landing gear retraction and extension control and indication sub-system inside were significant to reduce the incidence of failure and improve maintainability. This paper designs a landing gear retraction and extension controller which uses dual-dual redundant structure contraller that combines the central ruling redundancy and the non-central ruling redundancy. In addition,the non-similar redundant design and a variety of hardware and software errors detection were also used to improve the reliability of the system. The actual running tests proves that the design was very reliable.

  15. A clinical and radiographic study to evaluate the rate of retraction of maxillary canine using nickel-titanium closed coil spring with two different bracket systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P Adarsh Reddy

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: This study compares the efficiency of self-ligating brackets with the conventional preadjusted edgewise (PEA brackets during maxillary canine retraction using nickel-titanium closed coil springs. Materials and Methods: The sample comprised of 20 healthy patients (10 males and 10 females, within age groups 16-26 years (mean, 20 years having Class I malocclusion with bimaxillary protrusion. All patients underwent bilateral extraction of the maxillary first bicuspids and retraction of the maxillary canines with fixed self-ligating brackets (3M Smart clip and PEA appliance (3M Gemini. The initial records included standard intra- and extra-oral photographs, study models, lateral cephalograms, and panoramic radiographs. Results: The mean distal movement of canines in self-ligating brackets was 0.89 mm/mo with standard deviation of 0.255 and in preadjusted edgewise brackets, the mean distal movement of canines was 0.87 mm/mo with standard deviation of 0.214. The mean tipping of canine in self-ligating brackets was 7.45 ± 1.050(0 and in PEA brackets it was 7.70° ± 1.21°. The mean rotation of canine in self-ligating brackets was 7.65° ± 3.47° and in preadjusted edgewise appliance it was 12.30° ± 3.08°. Conclusion: The rates of distal movement of the maxillary canines were similar with both conventional and self-ligating brackets. Rotation of the maxillary canines during retraction was minimized with self-ligating brackets in comparison to conventional bracket systems.

  16. "Relations between perceptual and conceptual scope: How global versus local processing fits a focus on similarity versus dissimilarity": Retraction of Förster (2009).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-03-01

    Reports the retraction of "Relations between perceptual and conceptual scope: How global versus local processing fits a focus on similarity versus dissimilarity" by Jens Förster (Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 2009[Feb], Vol 138[1], 88-111). This retraction follows the results of an investigation by the University of Amsterdam into the work of Jens Förster. The University requested the retraction of this article based on its qualitative judgement of "strong statistical evidence for low veracity". (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2009-01083-008.) Nine studies showed a bidirectional link (a) between a global processing style and generation of similarities and (b) between a local processing style and generation of dissimilarities. In Experiments 1-4, participants were primed with global versus local perception styles and then asked to work on an allegedly unrelated generation task. Across materials, participants generated more similarities than dissimilarities after global priming, whereas for participants with local priming, the opposite was true. Experiments 5-6 demonstrated a bidirectional link whereby participants who were first instructed to search for similarities attended more to the gestalt of a stimulus than to its details, whereas the reverse was true for those who were initially instructed to search for dissimilarities. Because important psychological variables are correlated with processing styles, in Experiments 7-9, temporal distance, a promotion focus, and high power were predicted and shown to enhance the search for similarities, whereas temporal proximity, a prevention focus, and low power enhanced the search for dissimilarities. (PsycINFO Database Record PMID:26881989

  17. Varian 23 EX 直线加速器 PortalVision 系统 Retractable Arm 0122故障维修

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈忠

    2013-01-01

    0引言我院有一台 Varian 23 EX 直线加速器,配备了PortalVision 摄片验证系统,Retractable Arm 0122(简称R-Arm)是其一部分,用来支持和定位 PV 系统中的图像探测器(image detector cassette),在一次摄片验证过程当中R-Arm 出现故障,不能正常工作。

  18. RETRACTION: Unsteady flow and heat transfer of viscous incompressible fluid with temperature-dependent viscosity due to a rotating disc in a porous medium

    Science.gov (United States)

    Attia, H. A.

    2007-04-01

    It has come to the attention of the Institute of Physics that this article should not have been submitted for publication owing to its plagiarism of an earlier paper (Hossain A, Hossain M A and Wilson M 2001 Unsteady flow of viscous incompressible fluid with temperature-dependent viscosity due to a rotating disc in presence of transverse magnetic field and heat transfer Int. J. Therm. Sci. 40 11-20). Therefore this article has been retracted by the Institute of Physics and by the author, Hazem Ali Attia.

  19. Fabrication of micron-sized tetrahedra by Si〈1 1 1〉 micromachining and retraction edge lithography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A new method is proposed to prepare micron-sized anisotropic-shaped particles: tetrahedral structures bounded by 〈1 1 1〉 faces. It is based on the micromachining of 〈1 1 1〉-oriented silicon wafers and retraction edge lithography (REL). The size of these Si structures is tunable but limited: roughly from 20 to 2000 nm. The importance of this method is that the fabricated structure resembles almost perfectly the mathematical tetrahedron. Furthermore, the technique offers room to change the anisotropic property of the particle by selective modification of the faces using self-aligned lithography. (paper)

  20. RETRACTED: Magnetic properties of iron-based soft magnetic composites with MgO coating obtained by sol-gel method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taghvaei, A. H.; Ebrahimi, A.; Ghaffari, M.; Janghorban, K.

    2010-04-01

    This article has been retracted: please see Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal (http://www.elsevier.com/locate/withdrawalpolicy). This article has been retracted at the request of the Editor-in-Chief. The authors have plagiarized part of a paper that had already appeared in "Properties of Soft magnetic composite with Evaporated MgO Insulation Coating for low Iron Loss" authored by G. Uozumi et al., published in Mater. Sci. Forum, 534-536 (2007) 1361-1364, http://dx.doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.534-536.1361. One of the conditions of submission of a paper for publication is that authors declare explicitly that their work is original and has not appeared in a publication elsewhere. Re-use of any data should be appropriately cited. As such this article represents a severe abuse of the scientific publishing system. The scientific community takes a very strong view on this matter and apologies are offered to readers of the journal that this was not detected during the submission process.

  1. RETRACTED: Granular and intergranular conduction in La1.32Sr1.68Mn2O7 layered manganite system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This article has been retracted: please see Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal ( (http://www.elsevier.com/locate/withdrawalpolicy)). This article has been retracted at the request of the Editors. The authors have plagiarized part of a paper that had already appeared in J. Appl. Phys. 106, 093709 (2009); (10.1063/1.3256182) (6 pages): Title: Effects of pressure on charge transport and magnetic properties of La1.32Sr1.68Mn2O7 layered manganite by M. Kumaresavanji, M. S. Reis, Y. T. Xing, and M. B. Fontes. One of the conditions of submission of a paper for publication is that authors declare explicitly that their work is original and has not appeared in a publication elsewhere. Re-use of any data should be appropriately cited. As such this article represents a severe abuse of the scientific publishing system. The scientific community takes a very strong view on this matter and apologies are offered to readers of the journal that this was not detected during the submission process

  2. RETRACTED: Status of groundwater arsenic pollution in Holocene aquifers from parts of the Ghaghara Basin, India: Its relation to geomorphology and hydrogeological setting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shah, Babar Ali

    This article has been retracted: please see Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal. This article has been retracted at the request of the Editors-in-Chief. Figure 7 of this paper and figure 7 of the author's previous paper that appeared in Current Science in 2010 (Vol 98, issue 10) represent two different XRD studies of mineralogical assemblages for rock samples which are supposed to have been collected from areas a considerable distance apart. We notice that although some portions of the figure are different, other parts are exactly the same, including areas of background noise. We feel that the minor differences at the low end of both graphs below 14 degrees 2 theta have been introduced by hand to make one of the plots appear different to the other. If the same sample is run on the same machine it is unlikely to result in two identical plots, so to run two different samples on different machines and get the same plot is almost impossible. As such this article represents a severe abuse of the scientific publishing system. The scientific community takes a very strong view on this matter and apologies are offered to readers of the journal that this was not detected during the submission process.

  3. Efficacy of Minor Lateral Tarsorrhaphy in Conjunction with Levator Muscle Recession in Improvement of Superior Lid Retraction of Thyroid Ophthalmopathic Patients.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H Attarzade

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Aim of the study was to determine the efficacy of minor lateral tarsorrhaphy in conjunction with levator muscle recession in thyroid ophthalmopathic patients with severe lid retraction in order to correct the temporal flare in these patients Methods: In a before-after clinical trial study, 22 eyelids of 12 patients with severe lid retraction underwent surgery by this method and the lid height in a 6 months follow up was evaluated. Lid height before and after operation were measured on basis of Margin Reflex distance (MRD1 and recorded in a special form for analysis. All of these patients were in the silent phase of disease and if a strabismus or orbital surgery was indicated, it was performed before the study. Results: After a six months follow-up, mean MRD1 decreased in the right eye from 7.76±0.55 to 4.86±0.32 mm and in the left eye from 7.81±0.64 to 4.75±0.35mm (p<0.0001. In all patients, satisfactory response was achieved and corneal surface discomfort was relieved. No serious complication was seen. Conclusion: Minor lateral tarsorrhaphy in conjunction with levator recession procedure in thyroid ophthalmic patients can have satisfactory results and result in correction of temporal flare.

  4. Research progress of influencing factors in the gingival retraction effects%排龈过程中影响排龈效果各因素的研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯传翠; 张晓明

    2015-01-01

    Gingival retraction technology is a method which can separate free gingival margin from teeth and expose subgingival areas. The technology of gingival retraction is used on various aspects of oral treatments. The purpose of this article was to review the many factors influencing the gingival retraction effects.%排龈术是一种使用不同剂型排龈材料将游离龈缘与牙面分离,暴露出龈下区域的方法,现已经被广泛应用于固定义齿修复领域.而影响排龈效果的因素很多,文中就各因素作一综述.

  5. A backing device based on an embedded stiffener and retractable insertion tool for thin-film cochlear arrays

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tewari, Radheshyam

    Intracochlear trauma from surgical insertion of bulky electrode arrays and inadequate pitch perception are areas of concern with current hand-assembled commercial cochlear implants. Parylene thin-film arrays with higher electrode densities and lower profiles are a potential solution, but lack rigidity and hence depend on manually fabricated permanently attached polyethylene terephthalate (PET) tubing based bulky backing devices. As a solution, we investigated a new backing device with two sub-systems. The first sub-system is a thin poly(lactic acid) (PLA) stiffener that will be embedded in the parylene array. The second sub-system is an attaching and detaching mechanism, utilizing a poly(N-vinylpyrrolidone)-block-poly(d,l-lactide) (PVP-b-PDLLA) copolymer-based biodegradable and water soluble adhesive, that will help to retract the PET insertion tool after implantation. As a proof-of-concept of sub-system one, a microfabrication process for patterning PLA stiffeners embedded in parylene has been developed. Conventional hot-embossing, mechanical micromachining, and standard cleanroom processes were integrated for patterning fully released and discrete stiffeners coated with parylene. The released embedded stiffeners were thermoformed to demonstrate that imparting perimodiolar shapes to stiffener-embedded arrays will be possible. The developed process when integrated with the array fabrication process will allow fabrication of stiffener-embedded arrays in a single process. As a proof-of-concept of sub-system two, the feasibility of the attaching and detaching mechanism was demonstrated by adhering 1x and 1.5x scale PET tube-based insertion tools and PLA stiffeners embedded in parylene using the copolymer adhesive. The attached devices survived qualitative adhesion tests, thermoforming, and flexing. The viability of the detaching mechanism was tested by aging the assemblies in-vitro in phosphate buffer solution. The average detachment times, 2.6 minutes and 10 minutes

  6. The Application of Gingival Retraction Paste in Anterior Fixed Proshesis%排龈膏排龈在前牙固定修复中的应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张锋; 王建军; 朱凯; 隋淑丽

    2013-01-01

    目的:探讨排龈膏在前牙固定修复中的应用。方法选择前牙固定修复患者85例(前牙124颗),随机分成2组,分别采用排龈线和排龈膏法比较基牙预备体和印模的临床效果。结果排龈线和排龈膏法取得的基牙预备体和印模边缘清晰,两者比较差别无统计学意义(P>0.05)。结论使用排龈线和排龈膏都能达到较好的排龈效果;排龈膏操作便捷,不容易使患者产生疼痛,更适合在临床上广泛应用。%Objective To explore the application of gingival retraction paste in anterior fixed pro-shesis . Methods 85 patients (with 124 anterior teeth) were chosen for anterior fixed prothesis . They were randomly divided into two groups according to the type of gingival retraction ,one with gingival retra-cion cord and the other with retraction paste . The clinical performance of impressions were analyzed through two gingival retraction methods . Results Excellent results were gained through both gingival retraction methods with clear sharp edge in the impressions ,and no significant differences were found be-tween them(P>0 .05) . Conclusions Good clinical gingival retraction results were acquired through two methods ,however the gingival paste method features convenience to the clinician ,comfort to the patients and its clinical application will be predictable with recommendation .

  7. Validation of Aura MLS retrievals of temperature, water vapour and ozone in the upper troposphere and lower-middle stratosphere over the Tibetan Plateau during boreal summer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yan, Xiaolu; Wright, Jonathon S.; Zheng, Xiangdong; Livesey, Nathaniel J.; Vömel, Holger; Zhou, Xiuji

    2016-08-01

    We validate Aura Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS) version 3 (v3) and version 4 (v4) retrievals of summertime temperature, water vapour and ozone in the upper troposphere and lower-middle stratosphere (UTLS; 10-316 hPa) against balloon soundings collected during the Study of Ozone, Aerosols and Radiation over the Tibetan Plateau (SOAR-TP). Mean v3 and v4 profiles of temperature, water vapour and ozone in this region during the measurement campaigns are almost identical through most of the stratosphere (10-68 hPa), but differ in several respects in the upper troposphere and tropopause layer. Differences in v4 relative to v3 include slightly colder mean temperatures from 100 to 316 hPa, smaller mean water vapour mixing ratios in the upper troposphere (215-316 hPa) and a more vertically homogeneous profile of mean ozone mixing ratios below the climatological tropopause (100-316 hPa). These changes substantially improve agreement between ozonesondes and MLS ozone retrievals in the upper troposphere, but slightly worsen existing cold and dry biases at these levels. Aura MLS temperature profiles contain significant cold biases relative to collocated temperature measurements in several layers of the lower-middle stratosphere and in the upper troposphere. MLS retrievals of water vapour volume mixing ratio generally compare well with collocated measurements, excepting a substantial dry bias (-32 ± 11 % in v4) that extends through most of the upper troposphere (121-261 hPa). MLS retrievals of ozone volume mixing ratio are biased high relative to collocated ozonesondes in the stratosphere (18-83 hPa), but are biased low at 100 hPa. The largest relative biases in ozone retrievals (approximately +70 %) are located at 83 hPa. MLS v4 offers substantial benefits relative to v3, particularly with respect to water vapour and ozone. Key improvements include larger data yields, reduced noise in the upper troposphere and smaller fluctuations in the bias profile at pressures larger than 100

  8. Variability in Antarctic ozone loss in the last decade (2004-2013): high-resolution simulations compared to Aura MLS observations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuttippurath, J.; Godin-Beekmann, S.; Lefèvre, F.; Santee, M. L.; Froidevaux, L.; Hauchecorne, A.

    2015-09-01

    A detailed analysis of the polar ozone loss processes during 10 recent Antarctic winters is presented with high-resolution MIMOSA-CHIM (Modèle Isentrope du transport Méso-échelle de l'Ozone Stratosphérique par Advection avec CHIMie) model simulations and high-frequency polar vortex observations from the Aura microwave limb sounder (MLS) instrument. The high-frequency measurements and simulations help to characterize the winters and assist the interpretation of interannual variability better than either data or simulations alone. Our model results for the Antarctic winters of 2004-2013 show that chemical ozone loss starts in the edge region of the vortex at equivalent latitudes (EqLs) of 65-67° S in mid-June-July. The loss progresses with time at higher EqLs and intensifies during August-September over the range 400-600 K. The loss peaks in late September-early October, when all EqLs (65-83° S) show a similar loss and the maximum loss (> 2 ppmv - parts per million by volume) is found over a broad vertical range of 475-550 K. In the lower stratosphere, most winters show similar ozone loss and production rates. In general, at 500 K, the loss rates are about 2-3 ppbv sh-1 (parts per billion by volume per sunlit hour) in July and 4-5 ppbv sh-1 in August-mid-September, while they drop rapidly to 0 by mid-October. In the middle stratosphere, the loss rates are about 3-5 ppbv sh-1 in July-August and October at 675 K. On average, the MIMOSA-CHIM simulations show that the very cold winters of 2005 and 2006 exhibit a maximum loss of ~ 3.5 ppmv around 550 K or about 149-173 DU over 350-850 K, and the warmer winters of 2004, 2010, and 2012 show a loss of ~ 2.6 ppmv around 475-500 K or 131-154 DU over 350-850 K. The winters of 2007, 2008, and 2011 were moderately cold, and thus both ozone loss and peak loss altitudes are between these two ranges (3 ppmv around 500 K or 150 ± 10 DU). The modeled ozone loss values are in reasonably good agreement with those estimated from

  9. 科学文献数据库中撤销论文分布规律研究--以Web of Science数据库为例%The Distribution of Retracted Articles in Scientific Literature Database

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2014-01-01

    With the increasing number of retracted articles, and the standard development of retracted articles label indexed by journal database, as well as the attention to retraction phenomenon from academic community, there are more and more researches about retracted articles. In this paper, we used the data about retracted articles from Web of Science, and summarized laws and characteristics of retracted articles from aspects of year, subject field, national, journal, institution and author. We hope to reveal the characteristics of retracted articles all over the world, and improve the attention to retracted articles and their influence from government institutions, journal publishers, editors and researchers. And help them to establish management mechanisms and regulations to restrain the occurrence of scientific misconduct.%随着撤销论文数量地不断增加,科学文献数据库对撤销论文标注地日益规范以及学术界对撤销论文现象地逐步重视,相关研究越来越多。本文以Web of Science数据库中撤销论文数据为研究对象,从年份、学科、国家、期刊、机构及作者等6个方面对撤销论文的分布规律及特点进行分析总结。以期在揭示国际科学文献数据库中撤销论文分布特点的同时,提高我国科研管理部门、文献数据库商、期刊编辑和科研人员等对撤销论文及其不良影响的关注,进一步规范对撤销论文的标注。促进学术期刊出版机构及科研管理部门建立健全相应的管理机制,制定行之有效的管理措施,遏制我国学术不端行为的发生。

  10. 先天性下睑退缩合并睑内翻的手术治疗%The operation for the congenital retraction and entropion of the lowerlid

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘凤华; 郑秀云; 雷玉琳; 范晓聪

    2013-01-01

    目的 探讨先天性下睑退缩合并睑内翻的治疗方法.方法 距下睑缘1.5 mm做皮肤切口,分离下睑缩肌,取与睑板相应长度的巩膜条,高度为下睑退缩量+2 mm,分别缝合于睑板下缘与下睑缩肌之间,缝合皮肤.术后1周、1个月及6个月观察下睑缘位置.结果 17例(21只眼)随访2 ~ 20个月,平均(6.1±4.5)个月.18只眼治愈,另3眼于术后6个月残存下睑退缩约1 mm,此3眼均为术前下睑退缩5 mm者,半年后再次手术后治愈.结论 下睑缩肌切断联合异体巩膜条植入对于治疗轻中度先天性下睑退缩合并内翻倒睫是较好的方法.%Objective To explore the best operation for the congenital retraction and entropion of the lower lid.Methods The skin was cut from 1.5 mm below the lowerlid,the lowerlid retraction muscle was cut off along with inferior border of lower tarsus,the tissue was dissociated fully,and a strip of allogenic sclera was placed with inferior border of lower tarsus and the lowerlid retraction muscle,then the skin incision was sutured.Results There were 21 eyes of 17 patients were followed up from 2 to 20 months.After operation the position of lowerlid resumed normal in 18 eyes,another 3 eyes which had 5mm retraction before operation were lefted 1 mm retraction and reoperated after six months.Conclusion Cut the lowerlid retraction muscle and place a strip of allogenotic sclera between inferior border of lower tarsi and the lowerlid retraction muscle is effective for congenital retraction and entropion of the lowerlid.

  11. "Local and global cross-modal influences between vision and hearing, tasting, smelling, or touching": Retraction of Förster (2011).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-03-01

    Reports the retraction of "Local and global cross-modal influences between vision and hearing, tasting, smelling, or touching" by Jens Förster (Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 2011[Aug], Vol 140[3], 364-389). This retraction follows the results of an investigation by the University of Amsterdam into the work of Jens Förster. The University requested the retraction of this article based on its qualitative judgement of "strong statistical evidence for low veracity". (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2011-07335-001.) It is suggested that the distinction between global versus local processing styles exists across sensory modalities. Activation of one-way of processing in one modality should affect processing styles in a different modality. In 12 studies, auditory, haptic, gustatory or olfactory global versus local processing was induced, and participants were tested with a measure of their global versus local visual attention; the content of this measure was unrelated to the inductions. In a different set of 4 studies, the effect of local versus global visual processing on the way people listen to a poem or touch, taste, and smell objects was examined. In all experiments, global/local processing in 1 modality shifted to global/local processing in the other modality. A final study found more pronounced shifts when compatible processing styles were induced in 2 rather than 1 modality. Moreover, the study explored mediation by relative right versus left hemisphere activation as measured with the line bisection task and accessibility of semantic associations. It is concluded that the effects reflect procedural rather than semantic priming effects that occurred out of participants' awareness. Because global/local processing has been shown to affect higher order processing, future research may activate processing styles in other sensory modalities to produce similar effects. Furthermore, because global/local processing is

  12. Features of the seasonal variation of the semidiurnal, terdiurnal and 6-h components of ozone heating evaluated from Aura/MLS observations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Xu

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the thermal forcing of the semidiurnal, terdiurnal, and 6-h components of the migrating tide induced by ozone heating in stratosphere and lower mesosphere. The heating as a function of local time is determined from the global ozone observed by the Microwave Limb Sounder on the Aura satellite. The harmonic components of the heating rates of the semidiurnal, terdiurnal and the 6-h periodicities are calculated using the Strobel/Zhu parameterized model and then decomposed into Hough modes. Seasonal variations of each harmonic component and its Hough modes are presented. For all three tidal components, the majority of the annual mean O3 heating projects onto symmetric modes. The semiannual variation is a prominent signal in almost all of the symmetric Hough modes near the stratopause. The strongest annual variation takes place in the asymmetric modes. The results also show that, during the solstice season, the maximum forcing of the diurnal and terdiurnal component occurs in the summer hemisphere while the maximum forcing of the semidiurnal and 6-h components occurs in the winter hemisphere. The global mean ozone density and the tidal components of the ozone heating rate are different between December–January and June–July. The asymmetry in the heating is primarily due to the 6.6% annual variation in the solar energy input into the Earth's atmosphere due to the annual variation of the Sun-Earth distance.

  13. Features of the seasonal variation of the semidiurnal, terdiurnal and 6-h components of ozone heating evaluated from Aura/MLS observations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Xu, J.; Jiang, G.; Yuan, W.; Gao, H. [Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing (China). State Key Lab. of Space Weather; Smith, A.K. [National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO (United States). Atmospheric Chemistry Div.

    2012-07-01

    This paper presents the thermal forcing of the semidiurnal, terdiurnal, and 6-h components of the migrating tide induced by ozone heating in stratosphere and lower mesosphere. The heating as a function of local time is determined from the global ozone observed by the Microwave Limb Sounder on the Aura satellite. The harmonic components of the heating rates of the semidiurnal, terdiurnal and the 6-h periodicities are calculated using the Strobel/Zhu parameterized model and then decomposed into Hough modes. Seasonal variations of each harmonic component and its Hough modes are presented. For all three tidal components, the majority of the annual mean O{sub 3} heating projects onto symmetric modes. The semiannual variation is a prominent signal in almost all of the symmetric Hough modes near the stratopause. The strongest annual variation takes place in the asymmetric modes. The results also show that, during the solstice season, the maximum forcing of the diurnal and terdiurnal component occurs in the summer hemisphere while the maximum forcing of the semidiurnal and 6-h components occurs in the winter hemisphere. The global mean ozone density and the tidal components of the ozone heating rate are different between December-January and June-July. The asymmetry in the heating is primarily due to the 6.6% annual variation in the solar energy input into the Earth's atmosphere due to the annual variation of the Sun-Earth distance. (orig.)

  14. Analysis and Treatment of Landing Gear Extension and Retraction Faults%起落架收不上故障分析与处理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马凯文; 杨洋; 郑阳

    2016-01-01

    飞机空中出现前起落架收不上的故障,本文对起落架接近传感器和收放系统控制原理进行分析,结合AIDS系统起落架接近传感器状态分析,最终提高了排除故障的准确性并提高了排故效率。%The aircraft nose landing gear is not retraction in air. This paper analyzes the landing gear proximity sensor and the control system principle. Combined with the state analysis of AIDS system landing gear proximity sensor, the accuracy and efficiency of troubleshooting are improved.

  15. Mouse macrophages completely lacking Rho (RhoA, RhoB and RhoC) have severe lamellipodial retraction defects, but robust chemotactic navigation and increased motility

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Koenigs, Volker; Jennings, Richard; Vogl, Thomas;

    2014-01-01

    RhoA is thought to be essential for coordination of the membrane protrusions and retractions required for immune cell motility and directed migration. Whether the subfamily of Rho (Ras homolog) GTPases (RhoA, RhoB and RhoC) is actually required for the directed migration of primary cells is...... dKO cells, which developed extremely elongated tails. Surprisingly, velocity (of the cell body) was increased, while chemotactic efficiency was preserved, compared to wild-type (WT) macrophages. Randomly migrating RhoA/RhoB dKO macrophages exhibited multiple small protrusions and developed large...... involved in pulling up the rear end and resorbing lamellipodial membrane protrusions. Macrophages lacking Rho proteins migrate faster in vitro, which, in the case of the peritoneum, translates to more rapid in vivo monocyte/macrophage recruitment....

  16. The new rear deck lid with retractable wing of the Porsche 911 Turbo; Der neue Heckdeckel mit ausfahrbarem Spaltfluegel am Porsche 911 Turbo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Erdelitsch, G.; Preiss, M. [Porsche (F.) AG Entwicklungszentrum Weissach (Germany)

    2000-07-01

    The rear deck lid of the new Porsche 911 turbo is an innovative feature in motor car construction. The retractable wing is not only esthetically pleasing but also improves the aerodynamic characteristics of the car. [German] Der Heckdeckel des neuen Prosche 911 Turbo mit einem ausfahrbaren Spaltfluegel stellt ein innovatives Feature im Automobilbau dar. Eine erstmals in der Automobilgeschichte an einem Serienfahrzeug angewendete Variante zur Reduzierung des Hinterachsauftriebs findet mit einem ausfahrbaren Spaltfluegel eine elegante, optisch unaufdringliche sowie gelungene Anwendung. Durch das umgesetzte Wirkprinzip war es moeglich, die Achsauftriebskraefte in Abtriebskraefte zu wandeln und damit eine deutliche weitere Verbesserung der aerodynamischen Qualitaet zum Vorgaengermodell zu erzielen, womit Bestwerte in der Aerodynamik erreicht werden. Die Weiterentwicklung der Fertigungsverfahren und Werkzeugtechnik ermoeglicht es heute, komplizierte, hinterschnittige und einteilige Karosserie-Aussenhautteile zu fertigen, die den Anspruechen hochwertiger Fahrzeuge gerecht werden. Durch eine im Automobilbau erstmals verwendeten Antriebstechnik des Heckspoilerfluegels ist eine gelungene Synthese zwischen Optik und Funktion entstanden. (orig.)

  17. Retraction notice to "Measurements of total absolute collision cross section of ultracold Rb atom using magneto-optic and pure magnetic traps" [Chinese Optics Letters 9, 060201 (2011)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jicheng Wang; Yueyuan Wang; Yueke Wang; Guangyu Fang; Shutian Liu

    2011-01-01

    This article "Measurements of total absolute collision cross section of ultracold Rb atom using magneto-optic and pure magnetic traps",which was published on Chinese Optics Letters (9,060201 (2011)) has been retracted at the request of the authors.Reason:The first author,Jicheng Wang,participated in a related research in Professor Kirk Madison's group in the Department of Physics & Astronomy at the University of British Columbia,Canada from September 2008 to February 2010.Some of the experimental data have not been authorized for publication,even though they have been consented to be used by Jicheng Wang in his own research.The authors apologize to Professor K.Madison for misunderstanding,and to Chinese Optics Letters and the readers of Chinese Optics Letters for any inconvenience this mistake may have caused.

  18. 双排龈技术在CAD/CAM全瓷修复中的临床应用%Clinical application of double gingival retraction technique for ali- ceramic restorations of CAD / CAM.

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙珍; 许晓波; 边华琴

    2011-01-01

    Objection: To evaluate double gingival retraction technique of all-ceramic restorations in CAD/CAM.Method: 30 patients,48 restorations in CAD/CAM were used with double gingival retraction technique, observed gingival、prepared tooth, digital impression and all-ceramic restoration. Result: The rates of satisfaction with double gingival retraction were 97.91%,95.83 % and 100 %. Conclusion:Double gingival retraction technique was an effective method in CAD/CAM restoration.%目的:评价双排龈技术在CAD/CAM全瓷修复中的临床应用效果.方法:对30例48单位前牙行CAD/CAM全瓷修复,牙体预备后采用双排龈技术进行排龈,检查牙龈及预备体、光学印模以及修复体边缘情况.结果:双排龈技术的满意率分别为97.91%,95.83%,100.0%.结论:双排龈技术在CAD/CAM全瓷修复时具有很好的应用效果.

  19. 飞机起落架收放空间机构运动分析%Kinematic Analysis of Landing Gear Spatial Retractable Mechanism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    樊广军; 袁理; 鲁立君; 蒋炳炎

    2012-01-01

    超临界机翼的出现,使传统的起落架收放平面机构不再满足机翼剖面高度的限制,而收放空间机构可解决这一问题,并能将起落架受到的载荷分布到机身更多的位置.利用CATIA软件,讨论了几种起落架收放空间机构,指出一种特殊的单闭链6杆空间机构较其它方案更具优势.就此6杆空间机构,建立了起落架收放空间机构的数字样机,对起落架的收放运动进行了模拟,测量了关键点的运动参数,得出了减震支柱下表面中心点和上、下斜撑臂关节中心点的运动轨迹和速度曲线.%Traditional plane retractable mechanisms of landing gear are restricted by supercritical airfoils, but spatial mechanisms can meet the requirements of space limit and distribute loads of landing gear among more points of the airplane. Several spatial mechanisms are discussed in this paper using CATIA software; a relatively simple six-bar spatial mechanism is introduced. Digital mockup of retractable landing gear based on the six-bar spatial mechanism is built, and the landing gear mechanism kinematic simulation is conducted. Motion parameters of the key points, the center point of the support strut lower surface and the joint center point of lower and upper arm braces, are measured, and velocity curves of the two points are given.

  20. The effects of gingival retraction in the restoration of subgingival non-carious cervical lesions%排龈术在龈下楔状缺损修复中的临床应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴丽娜; 王一霖; 刘美瑜

    2014-01-01

    120 teeth with wedge-shaped defects at subgingival depth of 0 ~2 mm were selected and divided into 3 groups(n =40).Gingival retraction code and EXPASYL gingival retraction paste were used for gingival retraction in the 2 retraction groups,and none retraction was used in the control group.After restoration of the defects,all cases were followed up for 1 year and 2 years.The results were evaluated by modified USPHS criteria.No significant difference was detected for 1 year and 2 year successful rates between the extraction groups(P >0.05).The successful rate in extraction groups was higher than that in the control group(P <0.05).%选择楔状缺损颈部边缘位于龈下0~2 mm 内、较难充填的活髓患牙120颗,分3组(n =40):I 组:排龈线排龈;II 组:排龈膏排龈;III 组:对照组,直接充填。充填后1、2年复查,以改良的 USPHS 直接临床评价系统评估疗效。修复1年及2年后实验组和对照组成功率差异均有显著性,实验组之间成功率差异无显著性。

  1. Effects of pyridoxine supplementation on severity, frequency and duration of migraine attacks in migraine patients with aura: A double-blind randomized clinical trial study in Iran.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omid Sadeghi

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Migraine is a chronic disease that affects nearly 6% of men and 18% of women worldwide. There are various drugs, which can successfully decrease migraine symptoms and frequency of migraine attacks, but these drugs usually are expensive. Hence, this study aimed to assess the effects of pyridoxine supplementation on severity, frequency and duration of migraine attacks as well as headache diary results (HDR.This double-blind randomized clinical trial study was conducted on 66 patients with migraine with aura (MA in Khorshid and Emam Mosa Sadr clinics of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Iran, in 2013. Patients were randomly allocated to receive either pyridoxine supplements (80 mg pyridoxine per day or placebo. Severity, frequency and duration of migraine attacks and HDR were measured at baseline and at the end of the study.Mean age of patients was 34.24 ± 9.44 years old. Pyridoxine supplementation led to a significant decrease in headache severity (-2.20 ± 1.70 compared with -1 ± 1.50; P = 0.007, attacks duration (-8.30 ± 12.60 compared with -1.70 ± 9.60; P = 0.030 and HDR (-89.70 ± 134.60 compared with -6.10 ± 155.50; P = 0.040 compared with placebo, but was not effective on the frequency of migraine attacks (-2.30 ± 4 compared with -1.20 ± 7.80; P = 0.510.Pyridoxine supplementation in patients with MA was effective on headache severity, attacks duration and HDR, but did not affect the frequency of migraine attacks.

  2. Effects of pyridoxine supplementation on severity, frequency and duration of migraine attacks in migraine patients with aura: A double-blind randomized clinical trial study in Iran

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sadeghi, Omid; Nasiri, Morteza; Maghsoudi, Zahra; Pahlavani, Naseh; Rezaie, Masoud; Askari, Gholamreza

    2015-01-01

    Background: Migraine is a chronic disease that affects nearly 6% of men and 18% of women worldwide. There are various drugs, which can successfully decrease migraine symptoms and frequency of migraine attacks, but these drugs usually are expensive. Hence, this study aimed to assess the effects of pyridoxine supplementation on severity, frequency and duration of migraine attacks as well as headache diary results (HDR). Methods: This double-blind randomized clinical trial study was conducted on 66 patients with migraine with aura (MA) in Khorshid and Emam Mosa Sadr clinics of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Iran, in 2013. Patients were randomly allocated to receive either pyridoxine supplements (80 mg pyridoxine per day) or placebo. Severity, frequency and duration of migraine attacks and HDR were measured at baseline and at the end of the study. Results: Mean age of patients was 34.24 ± 9.44 years old. Pyridoxine supplementation led to a significant decrease in headache severity (−2.20 ± 1.70 compared with −1 ± 1.50; P = 0.007), attacks duration (−8.30 ± 12.60 compared with −1.70 ± 9.60; P = 0.030) and HDR (−89.70 ± 134.60 compared with −6.10 ± 155.50; P = 0.040) compared with placebo, but was not effective on the frequency of migraine attacks (−2.30 ± 4 compared with −1.20 ± 7.80; P = 0.510). Conclusion: Pyridoxine supplementation in patients with MA was effective on headache severity, attacks duration and HDR, but did not affect the frequency of migraine attacks. PMID:26056551

  3. The upward branch of the Brewer-Dobson circulation quantified by tropical stratospheric water vapor and carbon monoxide measurements from the Aura Microwave Limb Sounder

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minschwaner, K.; Su, H.; Jiang, J. H.

    2016-03-01

    The vertical distributions of water vapor (H2O) and carbon monoxide (CO) in the tropical lower stratosphere are controlled largely by their mixing ratios near the tropopause and by ascending motions as part of the Brewer-Dobson circulation (BDC). The upward propagation of seasonal variations imprinted on H2O and CO vertical profiles, often referred to as the tropical "tape recorder," can be used to derive the mean vertical velocity, w*>¯, in this region of the lower stratosphere where quasi-horizontal mixing is not strong enough to erase the seasonal tape recorder signals. We used Aura Microwave Limb Sounder observations of the tropical tape recorders from 2004 to 2014 to derive values of w*>¯ at pressures between 90 and 16 hPa (about 18 to 28 km altitude). Mean vertical profiles of w*>¯ are consistent with calculated velocities derived from net radiative heating rates based on observed temperature, humidity, cloud, and trace gas amounts. Temporal variations in w*>¯ are dominated by a quasi-biennial oscillation (QBO) and seasonal cycles, with maximum upwelling coinciding with easterly phases of the QBO in zonal wind shear and during the November-December period of the seasonal cycle. Both the QBO and annual modes emphasize the importance of wave phenomena in modulating the strength of tropical upwelling in the BDC. Interannual anomalies in w*>¯ are correlated with variations in the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO), with enhanced stratospheric upwelling during El Niño phases and reduced upwelling during La Niña. A small decreasing linear trend (~6%/decade) in w*>¯ is observed from 2005 to 2014, although confidence is low in identifying such a trend as part of a long-term change due to the influence of ENSO over this period.

  4. Aura MLS observations of the westward-propagating s=1, 16-day planetary wave in the stratosphere, mesosphere and lower thermosphere

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. J. Mitchell

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available The Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS on the Aura satellite has been used to measure temperatures in the stratosphere, mesosphere and lower thermosphere. The data used here are from August 2004 to December 2010 and latitudes 75° N to 75° S. The temperature data reveal the regular presence of a westward-propagating 16-day planetary wave with zonal wavenumber 1. The wave amplitudes maximise in winter at middle to high latitudes, where monthly-mean amplitudes can be as large as ~8 K. Significant wave amplitudes are also observed in the summer-time mesosphere and lower thermosphere (MLT and at lower stratospheric heights of up to ~20 km at middle to high latitudes. Wave amplitudes in the Northern Hemisphere approach values twice as large as those in the Southern Hemisphere. Wave amplitudes are also closely related to mean zonal winds and are largest in regions of strongest eastward flow. There is a reduction in wave amplitudes at the stratopause. No significant wave amplitudes are observed near the equator or in the strongly westward background winds of the atmosphere in summer. This behaviour is interpreted as a consequence of wave/mean-flow interactions. Perturbations in wave amplitude summer MLT are compared to those simultaneously observed in the winter stratosphere of the opposite hemisphere and found to have a correlation coefficient of +0.22, suggesting a small degrees of inter-hemispheric coupling. We interpret this to mean that some of the summer-time MLT wave may originate in the winter stratosphere of the opposite hemisphere and have been ducted across the equator. We do not observe a significant QBO modulation of the 16-day wave amplitude in the polar summer-time MLT. Wave amplitudes were also observed to be suppressed during the major sudden stratospheric warming events of the Northern Hemisphere winters of 2006 and 2009.

  5. First estimates of global free-tropospheric NO2 abundances derived using a cloud-slicing technique applied to satellite observations from the Aura Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, S.; Joiner, J.; Choi, Y.; Duncan, B. N.; Vasilkov, A.; Krotkov, N.; Bucsela, E.

    2014-10-01

    We derive free-tropospheric NO2 volume mixing ratios (VMRs) by applying a cloud-slicing technique to data from the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) on the Aura satellite. In the cloud-slicing approach, the slope of the above-cloud NO2 column versus the cloud scene pressure is proportional to the NO2 VMR. In this work, we use a sample of nearby OMI pixel data from a single orbit for the linear fit. The OMI data include cloud scene pressures from the rotational-Raman algorithm and above-cloud NO2 vertical column density (VCD) (defined as the NO2 column from the cloud scene pressure to the top of the atmosphere) from a differential optical absorption spectroscopy (DOAS) algorithm. We compare OMI-derived NO2 VMRs with in situ aircraft profiles measured during the NASA Intercontinental Chemical Transport Experiment Phase B (INTEX-B) campaign in 2006. The agreement is generally within the estimated uncertainties when appropriate data screening is applied. We then derive a global seasonal climatology of free-tropospheric NO2 VMR in cloudy conditions. Enhanced NO2 in the free troposphere commonly appears near polluted urban locations where NO2 produced in the boundary layer may be transported vertically out of the boundary layer and then horizontally away from the source. Signatures of lightning NO2 are also shown throughout low and middle latitude regions in summer months. A profile analysis of our cloud-slicing data indicates signatures of lightning-generated NO2 in the upper troposphere. Comparison of the climatology with simulations from the global modeling initiative (GMI) for cloudy conditions (cloud optical depth > 10) shows similarities in the spatial patterns of continental pollution outflow. However, there are also some differences in the seasonal variation of free-tropospheric NO2 VMRs near highly populated regions and in areas affected by lightning-generated NOx.

  6. Comparison between the first Odin-SMR, Aura MLS and CloudSat retrievals of cloud ice mass in the upper tropical troposphere

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Eriksson

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Emerging microwave satellite techniques are expected to provide improved global measurements of cloud ice mass. CloudSat, Aura MLS and Odin-SMR fall into this category and first cloud ice retrievals from these instruments are compared. The comparison is made for partial ice water columns above 12 km, following the SMR retrieval product. None of the instruments shows significant false cloud detections and a consistent view of the geographical distribution of cloud ice is obtained, but differences on the absolute levels exist. CloudSat gives the lowest values, with an overall mean of 2.12 g/m2. A comparable mean for MLS is 4.30 g/m2. This relatively high mean can be an indication of overestimation of the vertical altitude of cloud ice by the MLS retrievals. The vertical response of SMR has also some uncertainty, but this does not affect the comparison between MLS and CloudSat. SMR observations are sensitive to cloud inhomogeneities inside the footprint and some compensation is required. Results in good agreement with CloudSat, both in regard of the mean and probability density functions, are obtained for a weak compensation, while a simple characterisation of the effect indicates the need for stronger compensation. The SMR mean was found to be 1.89/2.62/4.10 g/m2 for no/selected/strongest compensation, respectively. Assumptions about the particle size distribution are a consideration for all three instruments, and constitute the dominating retrieval uncertainty for CloudSat. The comparison indicates a retrieval accuracy of about 40% (3.1±1.2 g/m2. This number is already very small compared to uncertainties of cloud ice parametrisation in atmospheric models, but can be decreased further through a better understanding of main retrieval error sources.

  7. Comparison of Different Gingival Retraction Techniques for Zirconia All-Ceramic Restorations%不同排龈方法对氧化锆全瓷冠临床修复效果的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏芬

    2015-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the effects of different gingival retraction techniques on zir-conia all-ceramic restorations.Methods Totally 120 teeth were randomly treated with one-cord retraction technique,two-cord retraction technique or Er,Cr:YSGG laser,with 40 teeth in each group.The situation of preparation,gingival bleeding,impression and restoration adaptation were compared among the three groups.Furthermore,gingival health was evaluated 3 months after treatment.Results There were no significant differences in the satisfaction with impression and master cast and the gingival health among the three groups (P >0.05).The two-cord retraction technique achieved a higher satisfaction with tooth preparation than other techniques (P <0.05). Er,Cr:YSGG laser and one-cord retraction technique achieved the highest and lowest satisfaction with hemostatic effect,respectively (P <0.01).Conclusion All the three gingival retraction tech-niques are effective for zirconia all-ceramic restorations.However,Er,Cr:YSGG laser has better hemostatic effect than cord retraction technique,and two-cord retraction technique is more effec-tive for tooth preparation than one-cord retraction technique.%目的:评价不同排龈方法对氧化锆全瓷冠临床修复效果的影响。方法将120颗需修复的牙按随机数字表法分为单线排龈组、双线排龈组和激光排龈组,每组40颗牙。单线排龈组用单线排龈法排龈,双线排龈组用双线排龈法排龈,激光排龈组用 Er,Cr:YSGG 激光排龈。对3组的牙预备体、牙龈止血效果、印模、修复体适应性及3个月后牙龈状况进行评估。结果3组印模、模型满意度以及3个月后牙龈健康状况比较差异无统计学意义(P>0.05);双线排龈组牙体预备满意度高于其他2组(P <0.05);激光排龈组止血效果满意度最高,单线组最低(P <0.01)。结论3种排龈方法均能取得较好的临床修复效果,激光排龈止血

  8. The design of a measurement device to a assess the retraction of dental ch air unit%口腔综合治疗台水路回吸检测器的研制与应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    纪学悦; 费春楠; 沈芃; 刘军; 刘贺; 宋佳

    2016-01-01

    目的:研制一种可以与口腔综合治疗台相连接,用于检测口腔综合治疗台水路回吸量的检测器,为控制院内感染提供有效量化检测仪器。方法:采用机械加工方法制作回吸检测器接头和刻度尺,用软管连接接头并用粘接剂固定在刻度尺上。采用系统抽样方法,应用回吸检测器对口腔综合治疗台水路回吸量进行检测。结果:经在天津市16个区(县)110家医疗机构对337台口腔综合治疗台回吸量进行检测,其合格率为83.7%,使用时间与回吸量间差异无统计学意义;口腔综合治疗台的医院级别、进口与否等因素对水路回吸量存在影响。结论:研制的回吸检测器结构简便,使用快捷,易于推广,被检测的口腔综合治疗台水路回吸合格率较好;填补了目前尚无商品化检测工具的空白。%Objective:To design a measurement device which can be connected to the handpiece connector of the waterlines, and to assess the retraction of dental chair unit(DCU) in some hospitals of Tianjin.Methods: Using machining methods was to make connector and scale ruler, and a hose joint to the connecter and an adhesive fixed on the scale ruler. Using the method of systematic sampling and retraction measurement device was to assess the retraction of DCU.Results: The retraction measurement device 337 DCU in 110 medical institutions were selected for evaluating the retraction. 55 DCU(16.3%) failed the retraction evaluation. There was no significant positive correlation between the retracted volumes and the age of the instruments.Conclusion: The retraction measurement device is simple, rapid and easy to promote, and fills the blank of the current commercial tools. The results showed that the retraction of dental unit water lines was better.

  9. Comparison of CMAM simulations of carbon monoxide (CO, nitrous oxide (N2O, and methane (CH4 with observations from Odin/SMR, ACE-FTS, and Aura/MLS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Barret

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Simulations of CO, N2O and CH4 from a coupled chemistry-climate model (CMAM are compared with satellite measurements from Odin Sub-Millimeter Radiometer (Odin/SMR, Atmospheric Chemistry Experiment Fourier Transform Spectrometer (ACE-FTS, and Aura Microwave Limb Sounder (Aura/MLS. Pressure-latitude cross-sections and seasonal time series demonstrate that CMAM reproduces the observed global CO, N2O, and CH4 distributions quite well. Generally, excellent agreement with measurements is found between CO simulations and observations in the stratosphere and mesosphere. Differences between the simulations and the ACE-FTS observations are generally within 30%, and the differences between CMAM results and SMR and MLS observations are slightly larger. These differences are comparable with the difference between the instruments in the upper stratosphere and mesosphere. Comparisons of N2O show that CMAM results are usually within 15% of the measurements in the lower and middle stratosphere, and the observations are close to each other. However, the standard version of CMAM has a low N2O bias in the upper stratosphere. The CMAM CH4 distribution also reproduces the observations in the lower stratosphere, but has a similar but smaller negative bias in the upper stratosphere. The negative bias may be due to that the gravity drag is not fully resolved in the model. The simulated polar CO evolution in the Arctic and Antarctic agrees with the ACE and MLS observations. CO measurements from 2006 show evidence of enhanced descent of air from the mesosphere into the stratosphere in the Arctic after strong stratospheric sudden warmings (SSWs. CMAM also shows strong descent of air after SSWs. In the tropics, CMAM captures the annual oscillation in the lower stratosphere and the semiannual oscillations at the stratopause and mesopause seen in Aura/MLS CO and N2O observations and in Odin/SMR N2O observations. The Odin/SMR and Aura/MLS N2O observations also show a quasi

  10. Statement of Retraction: "Mohamad Goldust, Mahnaz Talebi, Jafar Majidi, Mohammad Amin Rezazadeh Saatlou, and Elham Rezaee. Evaluation of antiphospholipid antibodies in youths suffering from cerebral ischemia.".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyons, Kelly; Pahwa, Rajesh

    2013-08-01

    The Editors and Publisher would like to inform the readers the following article has been retracted from publication in the International Journal of Neuroscience: Mohamad Goldust, Mahnaz Talebi, Jafar Majidi, Mohammad Amin Rezazadeh Saatlou, Elham Rezaee. Evaluation of antiphospholipid antibodies in youths suffering from cerebral ischemia. Int J Neurosci. 2013 Mar;123(3):1247-57. Dr. Mahnaz Talebi contacted the Editors of the International Journal of Neuroscience to inform them that this article was a graduation thesis for his student Dr. Mohamadali Arami at Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran, and previously published in print and in Persian by the Iranian Journal of Neurology: Mahnaz Talebi, Jafar Majidi, Mohamadali Arami, Seyed Ali Saderddini. Evaluation of antiphospholipid antibodies in youths suffering from cerebral ischemia. Iran J Neuro. 2005 Spring;15(3):26-34. Moreover, Dr. Talebi said he was listed as an author of the article published in the International Journal of Neuroscience without his knowledge or consent. When queried, Dr. Mohamad Goldust, the corresponding author of the article published in the International Journal of Neuroscience, admitted that he listed Dr. Talebi as a coauthor improperly and asked for the manuscript to be retracted; he did not respond to our questions regarding whether this manuscript was previously published in the Iranian Journal of Neurology or whether this manuscript was the original work of the authors listed in the published the International Journal of Neuroscience article. The coauthors listed on the article published in the International Journal of Neuroscience were contacted several times but did not respond to our queries. Since the article in the Iranian Journal of Neurology was published in Persian, we contacted Dr. Shahriar Nafissi, Editor in Chief of the Iranian Journal of Neurology, who confirmed that the two articles in question were the same. Our policy in this respect is clear: the

  11. Research on the Radial Loads of Spherical Plain Bearing in the Landing Gear Retraction System%起落架收放系统中的关节轴承径向受载特性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙稳

    2015-01-01

    The external loads of nose landing gear changes during the aircraft take-off and landing process. According to the external loads and some related parameters about the retraction system, the nose landing gear retraction dynamics and hydraulic models are built, and the radial loads of spherical plain bearing are calculated.%飞机起飞着陆过程中,前起落架所受外载荷不断变化。结合受载情况以及相关收放参数,通过建立飞机前起落架收放动力学模型以及液压模型,仿真计算出撑杆作动筒一端关节轴承的径向载荷。

  12. Retraction: "Down-regulation of Notch-1 and Jagged-1 inhibits prostate cancer cell growth, migration and invasion, and induces apoptosis via inactivation of Akt, mTOR, and NF-κB signaling pathways" by Wang et al.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-08-01

    The above article, published online on January 5, 2010 in Wiley Online Library (wileyonlinelibrary.com), has been retracted by agreement between the journal Editor in Chief, Gary S. Stein, and Wiley Periodicals, Inc. The retraction has been agreed following an investigation from Wayne State University involving the first author and the corresponding author that found Figure 5A to be inappropriately manipulated. REFERENCE Wang Z, Li Y, Banerjee S, Kong D, Ahmad A, Nogueira V, Hay N, Sarkar FH. 2010. Down-regulation of Notch-1 and Jagged-1 inhibits prostate cancer cell growth, migration and invasion, and induces apoptosis via inactivation of Akt, mTOR, and NF-κB signaling pathways. J Cell Biochem 109:726-736; doi: 10.1002/jcb.22451. PMID:27301887

  13. Retraction: "Down-regulation of Notch-1 is associated with Akt and FoxM1 in inducing cell growth inhibition and apoptosis in prostate cancer cells" by Wang et al.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-08-01

    The above article, published online on July 23, 2010 in Wiley Online Library (wileyonlinelibrary.com), has been retracted by agreement between the journal Editor in Chief, Gary S. Stein, and Wiley Periodicals, Inc. The retraction has been agreed following an investigation from Wayne State University involving the first author and the corresponding author that found Figures 1B and 3A to be inappropriately manipulated. REFERENCE Wang Z, Li Y, Ahmad A, Banerjee S, Azmi AS, Kong D, Wojewoda C, Miele L, Sarkar FH. 2011. Down-regulation of Notch-1 is associated with Akt and FoxM1 in inducing cell growth inhibition and apoptosis in prostate cancer cells. J Cell Biochem 112:78-88; doi: 10.1002/jcb.22770. PMID:27301889

  14. Retraction: "Concurrent inhibition of NF-κB, cyclooxygenase-2, and epidermal growth factor receptor leads to greater anti-tumor activity in pancreatic cancer" by Ali et al.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-08-01

    The above article, published online on March 8, 2010 in Wiley Online Library (wileyonlinelibrary.com), has been retracted by agreement between the journal Editor in Chief, Gary S. Stein, and Wiley Periodicals, Inc. The retraction has been agreed following an investigation from Wayne State University involving the first author and the corresponding author that found Figures 2A, 4, 6A, and 6C to be inappropriately manipulated. REFERENCE Ali S, Banerjee S, Schaffert JM, El-Rayes BF, Philip PA, Sarkar FH. 2010. Concurrent inhibition of NF-κB, cyclooxygenase-2, and epidermal growth factor receptor leads to greater anti-tumor activity in pancreatic cancer. J Cell Biochem 110:171-181; doi: 10.1002/jcb.22523. PMID:27301888

  15. Retraction: "Down-regulation of uPA and uPAR by 3,3'-diindolylmethane contributes to the inhibition of cell growth and migration of breast cancer cells" by Ahmad et al.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-08-01

    The above article, published online on August 19, 2009 in Wiley Online Library (wileyonlinelibrary.com), has been retracted by agreement between the journal Editor in Chief, Gary S. Stein, and Wiley Periodicals, Inc. The retraction has been agreed following an investigation from Wayne State University involving the third author and the corresponding author that found Figure 5C to be inappropriately re-used and re-labeled. REFERENCE Ahmad A, Kong D, Wang Z, Sarkar SH, Banerjee S, Sarkar FH. 2009. Down-regulation of uPA and uPAR by 3,3'-diindolylmethane contributes to the inhibition of cell growth and migration of breast cancer cells. J Cell Biochem 108:916-925; doi: 10.1002/jcb.22323. PMID:27301886

  16. Retraction: "Activated K-Ras and INK4a/Arf Deficiency Promote Aggressiveness of Pancreatic Cancer by Induction of EMT Consistent With Cancer Stem Cell Phenotype" by Wang et al.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-10-01

    The above article, published online on November 23, 2012 in Wiley Online Library (wileyonlinelibrary.com), has been retracted by agreement between the journal Editor in Chief, Gary S. Stein, and Wiley Periodicals, Inc. The retraction has been agreed following an investigation from Wayne State University involving the first author and the corresponding author that found Figure 4B and C to be inappropriately manipulated and re-labeled. Literature Cited Wang Z, Ali S, Banerjee S, Bao B, Li Y, Azmi AS, Korc M, Sarkar FH. 2013. Activated K-Ras and INK4a/Arf deficiency promote aggressiveness of pancreatic cancer by induction of EMT consistent with cancer stem cell phenotype. J Cell Physiol 228:556-562; doi: 10.1002/jcp.24162. PMID:27315162

  17. Retraction: "Inactivation of Ink4a/Arf Leads to Deregulated Expression of miRNAs in K-Ras Transgenic Mouse Model of Pancreatic Cancer" by Ali et al.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-10-01

    The above article, published online on June 21, 2012 in Wiley Online Library (wileyonlinelibrary.com), has been retracted by agreement between the journal Editor in Chief, Gary S. Stein, and Wiley Periodicals, Inc. The retraction has been agreed following an investigation from Wayne State University involving the first author and the corresponding author that found Figure 5A to be inappropriately manipulated. Literature Cited Ali S, Banerjee S, Logna F, Bao B, Philip PA, Korc M, Sarkar FH. 2012. Inactivation of Ink4a/Arf leads to deregulated expression of miRNAs in K-Ras transgenic mouse model of pancreatic cancer. J Cell Physiol 227:3373-3380; doi: 10.1002/jcp.24036. PMID:27315161

  18. Global observations of glyoxal columns from OMI/Aura and GOME-2/Metop-A sensors and comparison with multi-year simulations by the IMAGES model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lerot, Christophe; Stavrakou, Trissevgeni; Hendrick, François; De Smedt, Isabelle; Müller, Jean-François; Volkamer, Rainer; Van Roozendael, Michel

    2015-04-01

    Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) originating from both natural and human activities play a key role in air quality. Information on their atmospheric concentrations can be derived using remote sensing techniques for a limited number of species, including formaldehyde (HCHO) and glyoxal (CHOCHO). The latter is mostly produced in the atmosphere as an intermediate product in the oxidation of other non-methane VOCs. It is also directly emitted from fire events and combustion processes. Owing to its short lifetime, elevated glyoxal concentrations are observed near emission sources. Measurements of atmospheric glyoxal concentrations therefore provide quantitative information on the different types of VOC emission and can help to better assess the quality of current inventories. In addition, glyoxal is also known to significantly contribute to the total budget of secondary organic aerosols. Global observations of glyoxal columns have been realized from different space-borne spectrometers using the well-known DOAS retrieval technique. In the past, we developed an algorithm to retrieve glyoxal columns from spectra measured by the GOME-2 instrument aboard METOP-A (Lerot et al., 2010). Specificities of this algorithm were an original two-step approach in the DOAS fit to minimize the impact of spectral interferences with the liquid water absorption as well as the use of a priori information from the Chemical Transport Model IMAGES in the air mass factor calculation. In this work, we present the adaptation of this algorithm to the OMI sensor on the AURA platform. The time series of glyoxal columns derived from OMI and GOME-2 are compared in different parts of the world and a high level of consistency is found. The OMI glyoxal data product is found to be very stable over the entire duration of the mission, in contrast to the GOME-2 product which is affected by instrumental degradation. We present validation results using several years of MAX-DOAS glyoxal measurements

  19. Comparison of UV irradiances from Aura/Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI with Brewer measurements at El Arenosillo (Spain – Part 1: Analysis of parameter influence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Antón

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of this study is to compare the erythemal UV irradiance (UVER and spectral UV irradiances (at 305, 310 and 324 nm from the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI onboard NASA EOS/Aura polar sun-synchronous satellite (launched in July 2004, local equator crossing time 01:45 p.m. with ground-based measurements from the Brewer spectrophotometer #150 located at El Arenosillo (South of Spain. The analyzed period comprises more than four years, from October 2004 to December 2008. The effects of several factors (clouds, aerosols and the solar elevation on OMI-Brewer comparisons were analyzed. The proxies used for each factor were: OMI Lambertian Equivalent Reflectivity (LER at 360 nm (clouds, the aerosol optical depth (AOD at 440 nm measured from the ground-based Cimel sun-photometer (http://aeronet.gsfc.nasa.gov, and solar zenith angle (SZA at OMI overpass time. The comparison for all sky conditions reveals positive biases (OMI higher than Brewer 12.3% for UVER, 14.2% for UV irradiance at 305 nm, 10.6% for 310 nm and 8.7% for 324 nm. The OMI-Brewer root mean square error (RMSE is reduced when cloudy cases are removed from the analysis, (e.g., RMSE~20% for all sky conditions and RMSE smaller than 10% for cloud-free conditions. However, the biases remain and even become more significant for the cloud-free cases with respect to all sky conditions. The mentioned overestimation is partially due to aerosol extinction influence. In addition, the differences OMI-Brewer typically decrease with SZA except days with high aerosol loading, when the bias is near constant. The seasonal dependence of the OMI-Brewer difference for cloud-free conditions is driven by aerosol climatology.

    To account for the aerosol effect, a first evaluation in order to compare with previous TOMS results (Antón et al., 2007 was performed. This comparison shows that the OMI bias is between +14% and +19% for

  20. The climatology, propagation and excitation of ultra-fast Kelvin waves as observed by meteor radar, Aura MLS, TRMM and in the Kyushu-GCM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. N. Davis

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Wind measurements from a meteor radar on Ascension Island (8° S, 14° W and simultaneous temperature measurements from the Aura MLS instrument are used to characterise ultra-fast Kelvin waves (UFKW of zonal wavenumber 1 (E1 in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere (MLT in the years 2005–2010. These observations are compared with some predictions of the Kyushu-general circulation model. Good agreement is found between observations of the UFKW in the winds and temperatures, and also with the properties of the waves in the Kyushu-GCM. UFKW are found at periods between 2.5–4.5 days with amplitudes of up to 40 m s−1 in the zonal winds and 6 K in the temperatures. The average vertical wavelength is found to be 44 km. Amplitudes vary with latitude in a Gaussian manner with the maxima centred over the equator. Dissipation of the waves results in monthly-mean eastward accelerations of 0.2–0.9 m s−1 day−1 at heights around 95 km, with 5-day mean peak values of 4 m s−1 day−1. Largest wave amplitudes and variances are observed over Indonesia and central Africa and may be a result of very strong moist convective heating over those regions. Rainfall data from TRMM are used as a proxy for latent-heat release in an investigation of the excitation of these waves. No strong correlation is found between the occurrence of large-amplitude mesospheric UFKW events and either the magnitude of the equatorial rainfall or the amplitudes of E1 signatures in the rainfall time series, indicating that either other sources or the propagation environment are more important in determining the amplitude of UFKW in the MLT. A strong semiannual variation in wave amplitudes is observed. Intraseasonal oscillations (ISOs with periods 25–60 days are evident in the zonal background winds, zonal-mean temperature, UFKW amplitudes, UFKW accelerations and the rainfall rate. This suggests that UFKW play a role in

  1. Global Free Tropospheric NO2 Abundances Derived Using a Cloud Slicing Technique Applied to Satellite Observations from the Aura Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, S.; Joiner, J.; Choi, Y.; Duncan, B. N.; Bucsela, E.

    2014-01-01

    We derive free-tropospheric NO2 volume mixing ratios (VMRs) and stratospheric column amounts of NO2 by applying a cloud slicing technique to data from the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) on the Aura satellite. In the cloud-slicing approach, the slope of the above-cloud NO2 column versus the cloud scene pressure is proportional to the NO2 VMR. In this work, we use a sample of nearby OMI pixel data from a single orbit for the linear fit. The OMI data include cloud scene pressures from the rotational-Raman algorithm and above-cloud NO2 vertical column density (VCD) (defined as the NO2 column from the cloud scene pressure to the top-of-the-atmosphere) from a differential optical absorption spectroscopy (DOAS) algorithm. Estimates of stratospheric column NO2 are obtained by extrapolating the linear fits to the tropopause. We compare OMI-derived NO2 VMRs with in situ aircraft profiles measured during the NASA Intercontinental Chemical Transport Experiment Phase B (INTEX-B) campaign in 2006. The agreement is generally within the estimated uncertainties when appropriate data screening is applied. We then derive a global seasonal climatology of free-tropospheric NO2 VMR in cloudy conditions. Enhanced NO2 in the free troposphere commonly appears near polluted urban locations where NO2 produced in the boundary layer may be transported vertically out of the boundary layer and then horizontally away from the source. Signatures of lightning NO2 are also shown throughout low and middle latitude regions in summer months. A profile analysis of our cloud slicing data indicates signatures of uplifted and transported anthropogenic NO2 in the middle troposphere as well as lightning-generated NO2 in the upper troposphere. Comparison of the climatology with simulations from the Global Modeling Initiative (GMI) for cloudy conditions (cloud optical thicknesses > 10) shows similarities in the spatial patterns of continental pollution outflow. However, there are also some differences in

  2. Global free tropospheric NO2 abundances derived using a cloud slicing technique applied to satellite observations from the Aura Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Choi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available We derive free-tropospheric NO2 volume mixing ratios (VMRs and stratospheric column amounts of NO2 by applying a cloud slicing technique to data from the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI on the Aura satellite. In the cloud-slicing approach, the slope of the above-cloud NO2 column vs. the cloud scene pressure is proportional to the NO2 VMR. In this work, we use a sample of nearby OMI pixel data from a single orbit for the linear fit. The OMI data include cloud scene pressures from the rotational-Raman algorithm and above-cloud NO2 vertical column density (VCD (defined as the NO2 column from the cloud scene pressure to the top-of-the-atmosphere from a differential optical absorption spectroscopy (DOAS algorithm. Estimates of stratospheric column NO2 are obtained by extrapolating the linear fits to the tropopause. We compare OMI-derived NO2 VMRs with in situ aircraft profiles measured during the NASA Intercontinental Chemical Transport Experiment Phase B (INTEX-B campaign in 2006. The agreement is generally within the estimated uncertainties when appropriate data screening is applied. We then derive a global seasonal climatology of free-tropospheric NO2 VMR in cloudy conditions. Enhanced NO2 in the free troposphere commonly appears near polluted urban locations where NO2 produced in the boundary layer may be transported vertically out of the boundary layer and then horizontally away from the source. Signatures of lightning NO2 are also shown throughout low and middle latitude regions in summer months. A profile analysis of our cloud slicing data indicates signatures of uplifted and transported anthropogenic NO2 in the middle troposphere as well as lightning-generated NO2 in the upper troposphere. Comparison of the climatology with simulations from the Global Modeling Initiative (GMI for cloudy conditions (cloud optical thicknesses > 10 shows similarities in the spatial patterns of continental pollution outflow. However, there are also some

  3. Global free tropospheric NO2 abundances derived using a cloud slicing technique applied to satellite observations from the Aura Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, S.; Joiner, J.; Choi, Y.; Duncan, B. N.; Bucsela, E.

    2014-01-01

    We derive free-tropospheric NO2 volume mixing ratios (VMRs) and stratospheric column amounts of NO2 by applying a cloud slicing technique to data from the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) on the Aura satellite. In the cloud-slicing approach, the slope of the above-cloud NO2 column vs. the cloud scene pressure is proportional to the NO2 VMR. In this work, we use a sample of nearby OMI pixel data from a single orbit for the linear fit. The OMI data include cloud scene pressures from the rotational-Raman algorithm and above-cloud NO2 vertical column density (VCD) (defined as the NO2 column from the cloud scene pressure to the top-of-the-atmosphere) from a differential optical absorption spectroscopy (DOAS) algorithm. Estimates of stratospheric column NO2 are obtained by extrapolating the linear fits to the tropopause. We compare OMI-derived NO2 VMRs with in situ aircraft profiles measured during the NASA Intercontinental Chemical Transport Experiment Phase B (INTEX-B) campaign in 2006. The agreement is generally within the estimated uncertainties when appropriate data screening is applied. We then derive a global seasonal climatology of free-tropospheric NO2 VMR in cloudy conditions. Enhanced NO2 in the free troposphere commonly appears near polluted urban locations where NO2 produced in the boundary layer may be transported vertically out of the boundary layer and then horizontally away from the source. Signatures of lightning NO2 are also shown throughout low and middle latitude regions in summer months. A profile analysis of our cloud slicing data indicates signatures of uplifted and transported anthropogenic NO2 in the middle troposphere as well as lightning-generated NO2 in the upper troposphere. Comparison of the climatology with simulations from the Global Modeling Initiative (GMI) for cloudy conditions (cloud optical thicknesses > 10) shows similarities in the spatial patterns of continental pollution outflow. However, there are also some differences in the

  4. Optimization in the design and efficiency of retractable soot blowers; Optimacion del diseno y la eficiencia de sopladores de hollin retractiles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Diego Marin, Antonio [Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, Cuernavaca (Mexico)

    1987-12-31

    In this article the importance of soot blowers in the subject of design, operation and maintenance are described and the effects that its inefficient functioning causes in the steam generators. The activities and the results of a project for the evaluation of the functioning of the soot blowers in the Comision Federal de Electricidad (CFE) boilers. Finally, the scope of a new project oriented towards the retractable soot blowers efficiency optimization, and to the creation of the infra-structure to substitute the import of its components. [Espanol] En este articulo se describe la importancia de los sopladores de hollin en los aspectos de diseno, operacion y mantenimiento, y los efectos que su funcionamiento deficiente produce en los generadores de vapor. Se presentan tambien las actividades y los resultados de un proyecto para evaluar el funcionamiento de los deshollinadores de las calderas de la Comision Federal de Electricidad (CFE). Finalmente, se presenta el alcance de un nuevo proyecto que se orienta a optimar la eficiencia de los sopladores de hollin retractiles y a crear la infraestructura para sustituir las importaciones de sus componentes.

  5. Magnesium Modifies the Structural Features of Enzymatically Mineralized Collagen Gels Affecting the Retraction Capabilities of Human Dermal Fibroblasts Embedded within This 3D System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Federica Boraldi

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Mineralized collagen gels have been developed as in vitro models to better understand the mechanisms regulating the calcification process and the behavior of a variety of cell types. The vast majority of data are related to stem cells and to osteoblast-like cells, whereas little information is available for dermal fibroblasts, although these cells have been associated with ectopic calcification and consequently to a number of pathological conditions. Therefore, we developed and characterized an enzymatically mineralized collagen gel in which fibroblasts were encapsulated within the 3D structure. MgCl2 was also added during gel polymerization, given its role as (i modulator of ectopic calcification; (ii component of biomaterials used for bone replacement; and (iii constituent of pathological mineral deposits. Results demonstrate that, in a short time, an enzymatically mineralized collagen gel can be prepared in which mineral deposits and viable cells are homogeneously distributed. MgCl2 is present in mineral deposits and significantly affects collagen fibril assembly and organization. Consequently, cell shape and the ability of fibroblasts to retract collagen gels were modified. The development of three-dimensional (3D mineralized collagen matrices with both different structural features and mineral composition together with the use of fibroblasts, as a prototype of soft connective tissue mesenchymal cells, may pave new ways for the study of ectopic calcification.

  6. Glycyrrhetinic acid-modified chitosan nanoparticles enhanced the effect of 5-fluorouracil in murine liver cancer model via regulatory T-cells [Retraction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cheng M

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Cheng M, Xu H, Wang Y, et al. Drug Des Devel Ther. 2013;7:1287–1299. It has come to the notice of this journal that the published paper:Cheng M, Xu H, Wang Y, et al. Glycyrrhetinic acid-modified chitosan nanoparticles enhanced the effect of 5-fluorouracil in murine liver cancer model via regulatory T-cells. Drug Des Devel Ther. 2013;7:1287–1299. Plagiarised the work of:Cheng M, Gao X, Wang Y, et al. Synthesis of Glycyrrhetinic Acid-Modified Chitosan 5-Fluorouracil Nanoparticles and Its Inhibition of Liver Cancer Characteristics in Vitro and in Vivo. Marine Drugs. 2013;11(9:3517–3536.The first author, Mingrong Cheng, brought this to our attention, has admitted the fault was his own, due to lack of experience and understanding, and apologized.                    Accordingly Dove Medical Press issue the retraction for Cheng M, Xu H, Wang Y, et al. Glycyrrhetinic acid-modified chitosan nanoparticles enhanced the effect of 5-fluorouracil in murine liver cancer model via regulatory T-cells. Drug Des Devel Ther. 2013;7:1287–1299.

  7. [Retracted] Retinoic acid‑incorporated glycol chitosan nanoparticles inhibit the expression of Ezh2 in U118 and U138 human glioma cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Hu-Chen; Ma, Jun; Zhuang, Zong; Zhang, Yao; Cheng, Hui-Lin; Shi, Ji-Xin

    2016-06-01

    We wish to retract our research article entitled "Retinoic acid-incorporated glycol chitosan nanoparticles inhibit Ezh2 expression in U118 and U138 human glioma cells" published in Molecular Medicine Reports 12: 6642-6648, 2015. An interested reader noted some anomalies in the presentation of Fig. 4 in our paper, calling into question the validity of the reported data. In examining our original article, we acknowledge that the data for RA (25 µm) did not show a higher density of cells compared with RA (10 µm), as shown in Fig. 4, and therefore Fig. 4 conveyed inaccurate information for the readers. Owing to the importance of these results, which bear significantly upon the conclusions that one may draw from this work, we have decided to withdraw our paper from Molecular Medicine Reports [the original article was published in Molecular Medicine Reports 12: 6642-6648, 2015; DOI: 10.3892/mmr.2015.4294. PMID:27082936

  8. Instrument access device for use during e.g. aparoscopic choecystectomy procedure, has distal anchoring ring provided to locate within wound interior, and retractor with sleeve extending from ring to retract sides of wound opening

    OpenAIRE

    Bonadio, Frank; Butler, John; Vaugh, Trevor; MacNally, Shane

    2008-01-01

    The device (90) has two instrument seals (71, 72) for effecting a seal around two instruments extended through the device, respectively. The instrument seals are arranged in sealing relationship to a body of a patient. A distal anchoring ring (401) is provided to locate within a wound interior. A retractor with a sleeve (402) extends proximally from the distal ring to retract laterally sides of a wound opening. One instrument seal is spaced apart and is formed separately from another instrume...

  9. Clinical application of double gingival retraction technique for all- ceramic restorations of CAD / CAM.%改良化学机械去龋技术对援非人员龋病治疗评估

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张敬雷

    2011-01-01

    Objection: To evaluate double gingival retraction technique of all-ceramic restorations in CAD/CAM.Method: 30 patients,48 restorations in CAD/CAM were used with double gingival retraction technique, observed gingival、prepared tooth, digital impression and all-ceramic restoration. Result: The rates of satisfaction with double gingival retraction were 97.91%,95.83 % and 100 %. Conclusion:Double gingival retraction technique was an effective method in CAD/ CAM restoration.%目的:总结便携式牙科电钻结合Carisolv技术的改良化学机械去龋方法对援非工作人员龋病的防治效果.方法:援非人员35例,54个龋齿,应用便携式牙科电钻、Carisolv工具及凝胶的改良微创去龋技术去龋备洞,玻璃离子充填,对治疗效果进行半年随访.结果:改良化学去龋技术去龋充填均顺利进行,48个牙获得成功,成功率88.9%.结论:改良化学去龋技术可用于无综合治疗台的简易环境中的龋病治疗,是边远地区理想、有效、便捷的一项应急龋病治疗方法.

  10. Retracted: Using bald eagles to track spatial (1999-2008) and temporal (1987-1992, 1999-2003, and 2004-2008) trends of contaminants in Michigan's aquatic ecosystems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wierda, Michael R; Leith, Katherine F; Grubb, Teryl G; Sikarskie, James G; Best, David A; Bowerman, William

    2016-08-01

    Retraction: 'Using bald eagles to track spatial (1999-2008) and temporal (1987-1992, 1999-2003, and 2004-2008) trends of contaminants in Michigan's aquatic ecosystems' by Michael R. Wierda, Katherine F. Leith, Teryl G. Grubb, James G. Sikarskie, David A. Best, and William Bowerman The above article from Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, published online on 10 February 2015 in Wiley Online Library (wileyonlinelibrary.com), has been retracted by agreement between the authors, the journal Editor in Chief, G.A. Burton, Jr., SETAC and Wiley Periodicals, Inc. The retraction has been agreed since the authors determined that some of the plasma samples run at Clemson University had failed quality assurance/quality control and were retested. The concentrations have since been corrected and validated. Reference Wierda MR, Leith KF, Grubb TG, Sikarskie JG, Best DA, Bowerman W. 2015. Using bald eagles to track spatial (1999-2008) and temporal (1987-1992, 1999-2003, and 2004-2008) trends of contaminants in Michigan's aquatic ecosystems. Environ ToxicolChem doi:10.1002/etc.2859. PMID:25677528

  11. RETRACTION of "Immune memory responses to HBV vaccine 13-18 years after primary vaccination" by L. Hou, W. Li, X. Wei, Y. Zhou, Y. Zhuo, H. Wu, B. Shen. Genet. Mol. Res. 14 (3): 8466-8472 (2015).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hou, L; Li, W; Wei, X; Zhou, Y; Zhuo, Y; Wu, H; Shen, B

    2016-01-01

    The article "Immune memory responses to HBV vaccine 13-18 years after primary vaccination" by L. Hou, W. Li, X. Wei, Y. Zhou, Y. Zhuo, H. Wu, B. Shen published in 2015 in Genetics and Molecular Research 14(3): 8466-8472 (http://dx.doi.org/10.4238/2015.July.28.14) has been found to be substantially equal to the article "Immune memory response induced in vitro by recombinant hepatitis B surface antigen challenge 13-18 years after primary vaccination" published in the Journal of Medical Virology 86:1700-1704 (2014) from Andrea do Livramento et al. (DOI: 10.1002/jmv.24012). The corresponding author of the article published in Genetics and Molecular Research, Baosheng Shen, alerted our editorial staff about this situation and requested the retraction of the article. The Publisher and Editor retract this article in Accordance with the recommendations of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). After a thorough investigation, we have strong reasons to believe que the peer review process was failure and after review and contacting the authors, the editors of Genetics and Molecular Research have decided to retract the article. The authors and their institutions have been advised of this serious breach of ethics. PMID:26985925

  12. A particle-like description of Planckian black holes

    OpenAIRE

    Spallucci, Euro; Smailagic, Anais

    2016-01-01

    In this paper we abandon the idea that even a "quantum" black hole, of Planck size, can still be described as a classical, more or less complicated, geometry. Rather, we consider a genuine quantum mechanical approach where a Planckian black hole is, by all means, just another "particle", even if with a distinguishing property: its linear size increases with the energy. The horizon dynamics is equivalently described in terms of a particle moving in gravitational potential derived from the hori...

  13. A particle-like description of Planckian black holes

    CERN Document Server

    Spallucci, Euro

    2016-01-01

    In this paper we abandon the idea that even a "quantum" black hole, of Planck size, can still be described as a classical, more or less complicated, geometry. Rather, we consider a genuine quantum mechanical approach where a Planckian black hole is, by all means, just another "particle", even if with a distinguishing property: its linear size increases with the energy. The horizon dynamics is equivalently described in terms of a particle moving in gravitational potential derived from the horizon equation itself in a self-consistent manner. The particle turning-points match the radius of the inner and outer horizons of a charged black hole. This classical model pave the way towards the wave equation for a truly quantum black hole. We compute the exact form of the wave function and determine the energy spectrum. Finally, we describe the classical limit in which the quantum picture correctly approaches the classical geometric formulation. We find that the quantum-to-classical transition occurs far above the Plan...

  14. 两种排龈方法在楔状缺损修复中的应用研究%Study of two gingival retraction techniques used in restoring cervical abrasion lesions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王聪

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the influence of two gingival retraction techniques on the periodontium and clinical performance before the restoration of cervical lesion. Methods 150 teeth with cervical lesion of 50 patients were selected. The teeth were divided into 3 groups randomly. In the experiment group, a conventional retraction cord ( Ultrapaks) and a paste-like material (Expasyls) were applied on the buccal aspects of each subject. In the control group, no gingival retraction techniques was applied before restoration and filled directly. Bleeding on probing and the pain were assessed after application. The retention, marginal adaptation, the presence of secondary caries and the GI after one year were evaluated . Data were analysed using Chi-Square and Kruskal - Wallis tests (a = 0. 05). Results There were significant difference between the rates of subjective feeling of the Ultrapaks and Expasyls. Bleeding was only induced by Ultrapaks in five subjects. After one year, the differences between the experimental and control groups in GI and marginal adaptation were of statistical significance ( P < 0.05 ). While there were no significant difference between the two control groups. The retention of the restoration and the presence of secondary caries were not statistically significant among the 3 groups. Conclusion Utilization of gingival retraction techniques before the restoration of cervical lesions can efficiently improve the quality of the restoration and the two gingival retraction methods were not statistically significant. The cordless gingival retraction technique is more easy, feasible, rapid than the retraction cord.%目的 研究在楔状缺损修复前使用两种排龈方法对其牙周组织及充填效果的影响.方法 选择50例全口至少有3个楔状缺损位于龈缘或龈下的患者(150颗患牙),每例患者的患牙随机分为3组,对照组直接树脂修复,实验组分别用ULTRA排龈线,Expusyl排龈膏排龈后再充填.分别

  15. Nerve growth factor alters microtubule targeting agent-induced neurotransmitter release but not MTA-induced neurite retraction in sensory neurons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pittman, Sherry K; Gracias, Neilia G; Fehrenbacher, Jill C

    2016-05-01

    Peripheral neuropathy is a dose-limiting side effect of anticancer treatment with the microtubule-targeted agents (MTAs), paclitaxel and epothilone B (EpoB); however, the mechanisms by which the MTAs alter neuronal function and morphology are unknown. We previously demonstrated that paclitaxel alters neuronal sensitivity, in vitro, in the presence of nerve growth factor (NGF). Evidence in the literature suggests that NGF may modulate the neurotoxic effects of paclitaxel. Here, we examine whether NGF modulates changes in neuronal sensitivity and morphology induced by paclitaxel and EpoB. Neuronal sensitivity was assessed using the stimulated release of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), whereas morphology of established neurites was evaluated using a high content screening system. Dorsal root ganglion cultures, maintained in the absence or presence of NGF, were treated from day 7 to day 12 in culture with paclitaxel (300nM) or EpoB (30nM). Following treatment, the release of CGRP was stimulated using capsaicin or high extracellular potassium. In the presence of NGF, EpoB mimicked the effects of paclitaxel: capsaicin-stimulated release was attenuated, potassium-stimulated release was slightly enhanced and the total peptide content was unchanged. In the absence of NGF, both paclitaxel and EpoB decreased capsaicin- and potassium-stimulated release and the total peptide content, suggesting that NGF may reverse MTA-induced hyposensitivity. Paclitaxel and EpoB both decreased neurite length and branching, and this attenuation was unaffected by NGF in the growth media. These differential effects of NGF on neuronal sensitivity and morphology suggest that neurite retraction is not a causative factor to alter neuronal sensitivity. PMID:26883566

  16. Retraction: Al-Salahi, R.A. et al. Cytotoxicity and anti-inflammatory activity of ethylsulfanyltriazoloquinazolines. Molecules 2013, 18, 1434-1446.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Shu-Kun

    2013-01-01

    We have been made aware of the fact that a large proportion of the Introduction section and corresponding references of the title paper [1] had been copied verbatim from an earlier paper by Hamdy and Gamal-Eldeen [2], and further, during our investigation it has also come to light that most of the text in question had been lifted unchanged from an even earlier review paper by a different group [3]. The authors have been contacted, these facts confirmed, and Dr. Amira M. Gamal-Eldeen has been identified as the person responsible for contributing that part of the paper. As a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), MPDI takes very seriously the responsibility to enforce a rigorous peer-review process together with strict ethical policies and standards to ensure the addition of high quality scientific works to the field of scholarly publication. In addition to an infringement of the Elsevier and American Association for Cancer Research copyright on the previous publications, this is also a clear violation of our policy to only publish new, previously unpublished material, so this paper is declared retracted and shall be marked accordingly for the scientific record. We cannot comment on any of the scientific data contained in the Molecules paper, which to the best of our knowledge is original. We would like to apologize to our readership on behalf of the Molecules editorial team for the fact this event went undetected during the peer-review and pre-publication processing of the paper and for any inconvenience caused by this event. PMID:24022761

  17. The technique of using gingival retraction cords for gingival protection%应用排龈技术减少临床牙龈损伤

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    樊聪; 冯海兰; 何建新

    2001-01-01

    目的 当需要将固定修复体的边缘放置于龈下,如何才能在牙体预备时尽可能避免损伤周围组织,采集准确印模以获得精美持久的修复效果是临床须解决的主要问题。方法 作者在对47例门诊患者128颗牙行冠桥修复时,于预备牙及取模过程中应用排龈线排龈。结果 取得良好结果。结论 该技术可减少牙体预备对牙龈组织的损伤及出血;能帮助取得清晰的软硬组织界限。健康的牙龈及细微的操作是减少损伤,修复成功的关键。%Objective When it is necessary to make tooth preparationssubgingivally,it is important that they do not violate the free marginal gingival and attachment epithelium.Methods A technique utilizing knitted gingival retraction cords during tooth preparation and impression procedure was described and 128 teeth were evaluated.Results and Conclusion We found several advantages.It results in less bleeding,limited gingival damage during tooth preparation and clear soft tissue and abutment tooth border.

  18. Comparison of aerosol optical depths from the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI on Aura with results from airborne sunphotometry, other space and ground measurements during MILAGRO/INTEX-B

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. M. Livingston

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Airborne sunphotometer measurements are used to evaluate retrievals of extinction aerosol optical depth (AOD from spatially coincident and temporally near-coincident measurements by the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI aboard the Aura satellite during the March 2006 Megacity Initiative-Local And Global Research Observations/Phase B of the Intercontinental Chemical Transport Experiment (MILAGRO/INTEX-B. The 14-channel NASA Ames Airborne Tracking Sunphotometer (AATS flew on nine missions over the Gulf of Mexico and four in or near the Mexico City area. Retrievals of AOD from near-coincident AATS and OMI measurements are compared for three flights over the Gulf of Mexico for flight segments when the aircraft flew at altitudes 60–70 m a.s.l., and for one flight over Mexico City when the aircraft flew ~420–590 m a.g.l. OMI-measured top of atmosphere (TOA reflectances are routinely inverted to yield aerosol products such as AOD and aerosol absorption optical depth (AAOD using two different retrieval algorithms: a near-UV (OMAERUV and a multiwavelength (OMAERO technique. This study uses the archived Collection 3 data products from both algorithms. In particular, AATS and OMI AOD comparisons are presented for AATS data acquired in 20 OMAERUV retrieval pixels (15 over water and 19 OMAERO pixels (also 15 over water. At least four pixels for one of the over-water coincidences and all pixels for the over-land case were cloud-free. Coincident AOD retrievals from 17 pixels of the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS aboard Aqua are available for two of the over-water flights and are shown to agree with AATS AODs to within root mean square (RMS differences of 0.00–0.06, depending on wavelength. Near-coincident ground-based AOD measurements from ground-based sun/sky radiometers operated as part of the Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET at three sites in and near Mexico City are also shown and are generally consistent with the AATS AODs

  19. Comparison of aerosol optical depths from the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI on Aura with results from airborne sunphotometry, other space and ground measurements during MILAGRO/INTEX-B

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. M. Livingston

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Airborne sunphotometer measurements are used to evaluate retrievals of extinction aerosol optical depth (AOD from spatially coincident and temporally near-coincident measurements by the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI aboard the Aura satellite during the March 2006 Megacity Initiative-Local And Global Research Observations/Phase B of the Intercontinental Chemical Transport Experiment (MILAGRO/INTEX-B. The 14-channel NASA Ames Airborne Tracking Sunphotometer (AATS flew on nine missions over the Gulf of Mexico and four in or near the Mexico City area. Retrievals of AOD from near-coincident AATS and OMI measurements are compared for three flights over the Gulf of Mexico for flight segments when the aircraft flew at altitudes 60–70 m above sea level, and for one flight over the Mexico City area where the aircraft was restricted to altitudes ~320–800 m above ground level over the rural area and ~550–750 m over the city. OMI-measured top of atmosphere (TOA reflectances are routinely inverted to yield aerosol products such as AOD and aerosol absorption optical depth (AAOD using two different retrieval algorithms: a near-UV (OMAERUV and a multiwavelength (OMAERO technique. This study uses the archived Collection 3 data products from both algorithms. In particular, AATS and OMI AOD comparisons are presented for AATS data acquired in 20 OMAERUV retrieval pixels (15 over water and 19 OMAERO pixels (also 15 over water. At least four pixels for one of the over-water coincidences and all pixels for the over-land case were cloud-free. Coincident AOD retrievals from 17 pixels of the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS aboard Aqua are available for two of the over-water flights and are shown to agree with AATS AODs to within root mean square (RMS differences of 0.00–0.06, depending on wavelength. Near-coincident ground-based AOD measurements from ground-based sun/sky radiometers operated as part of the Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET

  20. Clinical evaluation of selective double gingival retraction technique for anterior all-ceramic crown prosthesis%选择性双线排龈技术在前牙全瓷冠修复中的应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘思言; 牟雁东

    2016-01-01

    目的:评价选择性双线排龈技术在前牙全瓷冠修复中的临床应用效果。方法选择126例门诊患者258颗前牙行全瓷冠修复,简单随机法分为两组各63例,试验组130颗基牙采用选择性双线排龈技术排龈,对照组128颗采用单线排龈技术排龈,评价牙龈止血效果满意率、预备体边缘和肩台暴露、游离龈与牙面分离满意率。结果选择性双线排龈技术的牙龈止血效果满意率、预备体边缘和肩台暴露、游离龈与牙面分离满意率分别为96.92%、96.15%及95.38%,明显高于单线排龈技术的83.59%、82.03%及81.25%。差异有统计学意义( P<0.05)。结论在前牙全瓷冠修复中,选择性双线排龈技术有很好的临床应用效果。%Objective To evaluate the clinical application effect of selective double gingival retraction technique for anterior all-ceramic crown prosthesis .Methods Two hundred and fifty-eight anterior all-ceramic crowns from 126 patients were randomly divid-ed into experimental or control groups ,63 cases in each group.Selective gingival retraction technique was used in the experimental group (130 teeth) while singlet gingival retraction technique was used in the control group (128 teeth).The effect on satisfaction rates of gingival hemostasis ,prepared teeth margins and shoulder exposure ,and satisfaction rates of separation of free gingiva and tooth sur-face were evaluated .Results The rates of satisfaction of gingival hemostasis ,prepared teeth margins and shoulder exposure and separa-tion of free gingiva and tooth surface in the selective double gingival retraction group were 96.92%,96.15%and 95.38%,respective-ly,that were significantly higher than that with singlet gingival retraction technique (83.59%,82.03%and 81.25%,respectively) (P<0.05 ) .Conclusion Selective double gingival retraction technique is an effective method for anterior all -ceramic crown prosthesis .

  1. Adaptaciones morfológicas foliares en tomate cultivado en bioespacio de techo retráctil con clima cálido Morphological leaf adaptations in tomato grown in warm retractable-roof bio-space

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Berni Medina Medina

    2012-02-01

    morphology of two bio-spaces were analyzed: retractable-roof greenhouse and shade-house in Culiacán, Sinaloa, Mexico, during the period 2009 - 2010. The results show that, the retractable-roof greenhouse generates more favorable conditions forphotosynthesis, as a re sult of lower thermal fluctuation within this bio-space, compared with the environment imposed by the shade-house. Extreme temperatures (maximum and minimum into the retractable-roof greenhouse remained in a range significantly smaller and therefore more favorable for the production and reproductive stability of tomato in the warm weather of Culiacán, comparedto shade-house s. This was corroborated by the magnitude of leaf morphological variables analyzed and the differences detected between leaflets developed in both cases. The values of leaf area index, leaf thickness, length of palisade parenchyma and presence of double palisade parenchyma observed in plants grown under retractable-roof made of glass were significantly higher than the values observed in the shade-house. The results suggested that higher tomato yields recently reported retractable-roof greenhouse in warm climates are due in large part to the higher photosynthetic efficiency, resulting from the amendments and foliar morphological adaptations imposed by the retractable-roof greenhouse' s microclimate. These results support the vision of innovative agricultural management to put the search space for the expression of life. The scientific concept of bio-space for crop production under protected agriculture systems is essential to propose adaptation measures to climate change.

  2. EXPASYL排龈膏对不同牙龈指数龈下缺损修复的临床研究%Clinical Study of Expasyl Gingival Retraction Paste in Subgingival Defect Restoration of Different Gingival Index

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱晓怡; 桑金华; 张晓燕; 张世旭; 刘诚成

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To observe the clinical effect and Long-term effect of Expasyl gingival retraction paste in Subgingival defect restoration of different gingival index. Methods: A total of 152 patients (180 teeth) .involving the subgingival defect according to different GI classification principles, were divided into contra! Group, Gl group, G2 group . The clinical effects of gingival retraction and the expulsion rate of filling within the two years were analysed. Result: There is no different that the clinical effect and Long-term effect of Expasyl gingival retraction paste in Subgingival defect restoration of different gingival index. Conclusion: The clinical effect and long-term effect is favorable when gingival index ≤2.%观察EXPASYL排龈膏法在不同牙龈指数(gingval index,GI)龈下牙体缺损充填修复中的排龈效果及远期疗效.方法:将152例(180颗牙)累及龈下的Ⅱ类洞按照不同GI分级原则,随机分为对照组、G1、G2 3组,对每组排龈临床效果及两年内充填体的脱落率进行对比分析.结果:不同牙龈指数的排龈效果及远期修复效果相同,差异无统计学意义.结论:GI指数≤ 2时,排龈效果及远期修复效果理想.

  3. Comparison of cytotoxicity among three gingival retraction cords on human gingival fibroblasts in vitro%三种排龈线对体外培养人牙龈成纤维细胞毒性的比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    倪莹; 张晓明; 惠敏; 刘健

    2012-01-01

    BACKGROUND: In recent years, the gingival retraction effect of gingival retraction drugs is a hot topic for domestic and foreign scholars, while the biocompatibility of the commercial gingival retraction cord is less involved. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the cytotoxicity effect of three kinds of gingival retraction cords on human gingival fibroblasts, and to provide theoretical basis for choosing proper gingival retraction cords in clinic. METHODS: Three kinds of gingival retraction cords (epinephrine-impregnated cord, aluminium sulphate-impregnated cord and non-drug-impregnated cord) were incubated in Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium containing 10% fetal bovine serum for 24 hours, according to 1:1 and 1:4 dilution, and then the cords acted on gingival fibroblasts cultured in vitro. Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium containing 10% fetal bovine serum was used as negative control group. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The results of MTT assay demonstrated that the three kinds of gingival retraction cords all could inhibit human gingival fibroblasts growth and proliferation. The cytotoxicity of the three kinds of gingival retraction cords in the leaching liquor with 1:1 dilution was significantly higher than that of 1:4 dilution and control groups (P< 0.05). The cytotoxicity of epinephrine-impregnated cord in the leaching liquor with 1:4 dilution was significantly higher than that of the control group (P < 0.05). The results of transmission electron microscope showed that some cells in the epinephrine-impregnated cord group were found apoptosis. These findings suggest that the three kinds of gingival retraction cords all have certain cytotoxicity to gingival fibroblasts. The cytotoxicity of epinephrine-impregnated cord is the biggest, followed by aluminium sulphate-impregnated cord, and the cytotoxicity of the non-drug-impregnated cord is the smallest.%背景:近年来,国内外学者研究热点主要集中在排龈药物的排龈效果,而对商品化排龈线的生物相

  4. Aircraft Landing Gear Retraction and Extension System Simulation and Analysis Based on Virtual Prototype%基于虚拟样机的起落架收放系统仿真

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    常凯; 李胜军

    2015-01-01

    通过建立某飞机起落架机构动力学模型和液压及控制系统模型,构建了完整的起落架收放系统的虚拟样机。基于虚拟样机,进行了起落架收放系统仿真分析,并与试验结果进行了对比。结果表明:仿真结果与试验结果基本一致,仿真模型可以用于起落架系统收放时间的模拟。%Landing gear mechanic dynamic model and hydraulic system model of a aircraft landing gear system were established, and the complete virtual prototype of the landing gear retraction and extension system was formed. Based on the virtual prototype, simulation and analysis of landing gear retraction and extension system were accomplished, the results of simulation were compared with that of laboratory test. It shows that simulation result is approximately comply with that of the laboratory test, the model can be used to simuate the landing gear vetraction or extersion.

  5. RETRACTED: Crystal structures of XnB12H12 (X = Li, K, Ca) and hydrogen storage property of Na-(Li, K, Ca)-B-H system from first principles calculation

    Science.gov (United States)

    YaJuan, Guo; JianFeng, Jia; XiaoHua, Wang; Ying, Ren; HaiShun, Wu

    2013-02-01

    This article has been retracted: please see Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal (http://www.elsevier.com/locate/withdrawalpolicy).This article has been retracted at the request of the Editor-in-Chief.The Authors have plagiarized part of a paper that had already appeared in: V. Ozolins, E. H. Majzoub and C. Wolverton, First-Principles Prediction of Thermodynamically Reversible Hydrogen Storage Reactions in the Li-Mg-Ca-B-H System, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131 (2009) 230-237; DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ja8066429.One of the conditions of submission of a paper for publication is that authors declare explicitly that their work is original and has not appeared in a publication elsewhere. Re-use of any data should be appropriately cited. As such this article represents a severe abuse of the scientific publishing system. The scientific community takes a very strong view on this matter and apologies are offered to readers of the journal that this was not detected during the submission process.

  6. 金葡球菌和肺炎链球菌在体内对莫西沙星耐药性分析%Staphylococcus auras and Streptococcus pneumatic analysis of tamoxifen resistance in vino

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁霞

    2016-01-01

    目的:分析金葡球菌和肺炎链球菌在体内对莫西沙星的耐药性。方法:采用大鼠肉芽肿袋模型,体内试验选用野生株、第一代耐药株以及多代耐药株,使用不同菌株感染大鼠产生肉芽肿袋后分为A、B、C3个组,用莫西沙星进行不同剂量用法治疗,每天收集肉芽肿袋的渗出物,根据耐药株的产生测定金葡球菌与肺炎链球菌对莫西沙星的耐药性。结果:由于莫西沙星对试验菌株与大鼠肉芽肿袋中分离菌的MIC相同,所以敏感性无显著变化。两种感染病原体A组与B组的试验结果相同,A组治疗1d后肺炎链球菌减少约107CFU·mL-1,A组治疗1d后金葡球菌的减少数量较慢,3d后减少数量明显。 B组的肺炎链球菌与金葡球菌的生存率都迅速下降,但减少幅度差异不明显,莫西沙星对细菌生存数量的影响可持续6d,影响期间细菌没有发生再生长,莫西沙星对肺炎链球菌的杀菌能力高于对金葡球菌的杀菌能力。同时B组与C组对比,50mg·kg-1·d-1的莫西沙星杀菌速度和程度都会明显降低,但杀菌效果仍在,治疗1d后细菌可降低103CFU·mL-1,效果持续4d,但50mg·kg-1·d-1的莫西沙星、感染后24h治疗对多代耐药株的疗效几乎为零。结论:即使人体内莫西沙星的浓度低于预期的治疗浓度,也对金葡球菌与肺炎链球菌的野生株与第一代耐药株具有良好的杀菌效果。%Objective: Staphylococcus auras and Streptococcus pneumatic in the tamoxifen resistance in vino. Methods: Rats bags granular, wild strains were selected and in vino, as well as the first generation of drug-resistant strains of drug-resistant strains of many generations after using different strains of rats infected produce granules bags into A, B, C3 groups, with different doses of tamoxifen therapy usage, gather daily granular pouch exude was measured Staphylococcus auras and Streptococcus

  7. A clinical cephalometric study of mini-implant anchorage for en-masse retraction of eight maxillary anterior teeth%微种植体辅助整体内收上前牙段的头影测量

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张华; 麦志辉; 卢红飞; 艾虹; 文冲

    2011-01-01

    目的:研究微种植体支抗在矫治上颌前突病例中整体内收上前牙段的应用.方法:选择5例上颌前突患者,拔除第二前磨牙,采用直丝弓矫治技术,辅以微种植体支抗同时整体内收前牙段(6个前牙及2个第一前磨牙),通过X线头影测量分析,观察矫治前后上颌骨软硬组织的变化.结果:上颌骨的变化轻微;切牙平均内收(4.6±1.5)mm,压低(0.8±1.1)mm,根尖后移(1.7±1.4)mm,切牙与腭平面的夹角减少(6.8±3.5)度;支抗磨牙水平前移(0.5±0.3)mm,没有出现明显的颌向伸长;上唇突度减少(2.0±0.9)mm,鼻唇角增大(3±2.4)度.结论:微种植体能提供稳定的支抗,同时整体内收上前牙段,最大限度避免支抗的丧失,改善上唇突度.%Aim: To Study the efficiency of mini-implants as intraoral anchorage units for en-masse retraction of the 6 maxillary anterior teeth and 2 first premolars after the second premolars are extracted. Methods: Five patients requiring high anchorage after extraction of the maxillary second premolars were selected for this study. Straight wire appliance and mini-implants were used for en-masse retraction, Horizontal , vertical, and angular positions of the maxillary ? Rst molar and central incisor were evaluated ceph-alometrically before and after orthodontic retraction. Results; The edge of upper incisors were retracted (4. 6 ±1. 5)mm and intruded (0. 8 ±1. L)mm, the root apex moved distally (1. 7 ± 1.4)mm. The maxillary first molars showed mesial movement of (0. 5 ±0. 3)mm. The nasolabial angle increased (3 ±2.4)° and the angle between upper incisor and PP-plane decreased (6. 8 ± 3. 5 ) °. Conclusion: Mini-implants are efficient for intraoral anchorage reinforcement for en-masse retraction and intrusion of maxillary anterior teeth.

  8. [ARTÍCULO RETRACTADO - RETRACTED ARTICLE] Iconografía emblemática del héroe nacional costarricense Juan Santamaría

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brenes Tencio, Guillermo

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available [ARTÍCULO RETRACTADO POR EL EDITOR]Se informa que el artículo de Guillermo Brenes Tencio, titulado"Iconografía emblemática del héroe nacional costarricense Juan Santamaría", publicado en el anterior numero monográfico de ARBOR “Relatos icónicos de la nación en Iberoamérica y España” vol. CLXXXV nº 740 (2009, páginas 1243-1257ha sido excluido de dicho número monográfico.Esta decisión de Arbor y de los coordinadores del número monográfico, se debe a que el autor ha publicado dicho artículo con anterioridad, con contenido idéntico o esencialmente idéntico, en las siguientes revistas:Brenes Tencio, Guillermo, “Y se hizo la imagen del héroe nacional costarricense... Iconografía emblemática de Juan Santamaría”. Historia crítica, Núm. 37, enero-abril, 2009, pp. 26-53. http://historiacritica.uniandes.edu.co/view.php/569/1.php [03/02/2010]Brenes Tencio, Guillermo, “Iconografía emblemática del héroe nacional costarricense Juan Santamaría”. Acta Republicana, Año 7, Número 7 (2008, pp. 13-25. http://www.publicaciones.cucsh.udg.mx/pperiod/republicana/pdf/ActaRep07/pags13-26.pdf [03/02/2010]y ha utilizado indebidamente y sin citar de manera específica diversos párrafos de ensayos publicados previamente y en el ámbito local de Costa Rica por historiadores de dicho país (Prof. Iván Molina Jiménez y Prof. David Díaz Arias, quienes han presentado las pruebas correspondientes.La dirección de ARBOR, según los usos habituales en caso de fraude o conducta editorial inapropiada, procede a la retractación formal de la publicación de este artículo, por lo cual no tendrá en consideración las posibles réplicas, contrarréplicas o comentarios.Esta nota editorial se incorporará junto con la versión electrónica del artículo, y se publicará en la edición impresa del próximo número.Madrid, 4 de febrero de 2010[THIS ARTICLE HAS BEEN RETRACTED BY THE EDITOR]Please read the Spanish version of the Abstract or the

  9. Design of straight-retractable energy-absorbing beam for electric cars and its crashworthiness analysis%电动汽车直形收缩梁的轻量化设计与耐撞性分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王秋成; 刘卫国; 葛东东; 赵福全; 李芳

    2012-01-01

    The insufficient mileage is one of the major bottleneck factors which affect the promotion and application of electric cars. To reduce the electric vehicle body mass is an effective way to improve the mileage of an electric vehicle. Two kinds of contraction beams, straight retractable (SR) and tapered retractable (TR) beams, were designed to lighten the electric car mass. A frontal crash model was established by using the Hypermesh and LS-DYNA to study the frontal structural component crashworthiness of an electric car during collisions at a low-speed of 16 km/h and a high-speed of 50 km/h. The collision energy absorption, the impact force, and the body acceleration, when using new energy-absorbing beams, were analyzed and compared with those when using the original energy-absorbing beam. Simulation results demonstrate that the straight retractable beam can absorb more crash energy by 18.0% at the high-speed collision and reduce the mass by 23.6%, which optimizes both the light mass and the crashworthiness of an electric car.%电动车续航里程过短是影响推广应用的主要瓶颈因素之一,而电动汽车车身结构的轻量化是提高续航里程的有效途径。该文提出了两款新型梁--直形收缩梁和锥形收缩梁,对某款电动汽车原吸能部件,进行轻量化设计。建立了电动汽车正面碰撞结构模型,运用Hypermesh和LS—DYNA软件,对新型吸能梁和原吸能梁进行低速(16km/h)碰撞和高速(50km/h)碰撞模拟,研究了其碰撞能量吸收、刚性墙撞击力、车身加速度等碰撞行为。仿真计算结果表明:新型直形收缩梁在高速碰撞时吸能提高了18.0%,同时吸能部件的质量减轻了23.6%,兼顾了电动汽车零部件的轻量化和耐撞性。

  10. Retraction notice to “Magnetic properties of iron-based soft magnetic composites with MgO coating obtained by sol-gel method” [J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 322 (7) (2010) 808-813

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taghvaei, A. H.; Ebrahimi, A.; Ghaffari, M.; Janghorban, K.

    2012-09-01

    This article has been retracted at the request of the Editor-in-Chief. The authors have plagiarized part of a paper that had already appeared in “Properties of Soft magnetic composite with Evaporated MgO Insulation Coating for low Iron Loss” authored by G. Uozumi et al., published in Mater. Sci. Forum 534-536 (2007) 1361-1364, http://dx.doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.534-536.1361. One of the conditions of submission of a paper for publication is that authors declare explicitly that their work is original and has not appeared in a publication elsewhere. Re-use of any data should be appropriately cited. As such this article represents a severe abuse of the scientific publishing system. The scientific community takes a very strong view on this matter and apologies are offered to readers of the journal that this was not detected during the submission process.

  11. Modularization construction and installation technique of a retractable ifn%可收放式减摇鳍装置模块化制造与安装工艺研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    牛俊; 顾睿华; 饶昌波; 陶国君

    2014-01-01

    模块化建造是现代造船模式中一项先进的造船技术。文中介绍某型船可收放式减摇鳍装置的模块化设计、制造与安装工艺研究,验证减摇鳍装置的模块化制造方法具有可行性和可靠性,可为同类型设备安装提供借签。%The modularization construction is an advanced technology in shipbuilding. This paper introduces design, manufacture and installation of a retractable ifn by modularization construction method, so as to prove its feasibility and reliability, which can provide references for the installation of the similar equipments.

  12. Spontaneous retraction of an intramyocardial dissecting hemorrhage and multiple left ventricular thrombus formations in subacute myocardial infarction and antiphospholipid syndrome: a case report with long-term follow-up.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bahlmann, Edda; Schneider, Carsten; Vitali Serdoz, Laura; Hoffmann-Riem, Martin; Broemel, Thomas; Kuck, Karl-Heinz

    2006-05-01

    This report describes a 68-year-old patient with a subacute myocardial infarction and antiphosholipid syndrome. He developed an intramyocardial dissecting hemorrhage involving the left ventricular apex and multiple left ventricular thrombus formations, documented by contrast echocardiography and magnetic resonance imaging. By use of transthoracic echocardiography, spontaneous retraction of the dissecting hemorrhage could be detected. Severe coronary 3-vessel disease was successfully treated by coronary artery bypass grafting. During follow-up of 16 months, the dissecting hematoma could not been detected. Under initiation of anticoagulant treatment with Coumadin, the patient was in stable clinical condition and improved in New York Heart Association class from III to II. The pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management of this potentially highly lethal complication is reviewed. PMID:16644445

  13. Retraction: Hazani A, Ibrahim M, Shehata A, El-Gaaly G, Daoud M, Fouad D, Rizwana H, Moubayed N. Ecotoxicity of Ag-nanoparticles on two microalgae, Chlorella vulgaris and Dunaliella tertiolecta. Arch Biol Sci. 2013;65(4:1447-1457. DOI: 10.2298/ABS1304447H

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Editorial

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This is a notice of retraction of the article: Ecotoxicity of Ag-nanoparticles on two microalgae, Chlorella vulgaris and Dunaliella tertiolecta, published in the Archives of Biological Sciences in 2013, Vol. 65, Issue 4. The Editor-in-Chief has been informed that this paper is a duplicate of an earlier paper: Hazani A, Ibrahim M, Arif I, Shehata A, EL-Gaaly G, Daoud M, Fouad D, Rizwana H, Moubayed N. Ecotoxicity of Ag-Nanoparticles to Microalgae. J Pure Appl Microbiol. 2013;7(Spl. Ed.: 233-241. This claim is correct and the entire paper is a verbatim copy of the earlier one. After confirmation of this fact, the Editor-in-Chief of the Archives of Biological Sciences has decided to retract the paper immediately. We apologize to the readers of the journal that it took so many years to notice this error and to retract the paper. We request readers of the journal to directly get in touch with the editorial office and the editors of the journal for similar cases in the future, so that they can be handled promptly. Link to the retracted article 10.2298/ABS1304447H

  14. A Pilot Study of the Tongue Pull-Back Exercise for Improving Tongue-Base Retraction and Two Novel Methods to Add Resistance to the Tongue Pull-Back.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slovarp, Laurie; King, Lauren; Off, Catherine; Liss, Julie

    2016-06-01

    This pilot study investigated the tongue pull-back (TPB) exercise to improve tongue-base retraction as well as two methods to add resistance to the TPB. Surface electromyography (sEMG) to the submental triangle was used as an indication of tongue-base activity on 13 healthy adults during: (1) saliva swallow, (2) 15 mL water swallow, (3) effortful swallow, (4) unassisted TPB, (5) TPB with added resistance by holding the tongue with gauze (finger-resisted TPB), and (6) TPB with the tongue clipped to a spring-loaded tension resistance device (device-resisted TPB). Order of the exercises was randomized. The exercises fell into two groups-weak and intense. Weak exercises included saliva swallow, water swallow, and unassisted TPB (mean sEMG = 19.07 μV, p = .593). Intense exercises included effortful swallow, finger-resisted TPB, and device-resisted TPB (mean sEMG = 36.44 μV, p = .315). Each intense exercise resulted in significantly higher mean sEMG peak amplitude than each weak exercise (p unassisted TPB (p = .171). This study provides preliminary evidence that the unassisted TPB may not be any more helpful for improving tongue-base retraction than normal swallowing. Adding resistance to the TPB by holding the tongue with gauze may be an effective alternative. This study also demonstrates proof-of-concept for creating a device to attach to the tongue and provide tension resistance during the TPB exercise. Further research with a more sophisticated design is needed before such a device can be fully developed and implemented clinically. PMID:26857465

  15. Influence of Different Gingival Retraction Methods before Subgingival Wedge-shaped Defect Reparation on Gingival Bleeding after Repair%龈下楔状缺损修复前不同排龈方法对修复后牙龈出血的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张秀荣

    2014-01-01

    目的:观察龈下楔状缺损修复前不同排龈方法对修复后牙龈出血的影响。方法:将165例入选患者随机为三组,A组(n=55)采用不含药排龈线排龈,B组(n=55)采用含药排龈线(每英寸含有0.4±0.2 mg肾上腺素)排龈,C组( n=55)采用排龈膏排龈,记录三组患者治疗后的牙龈出血率与疼痛感以及随访1年后的牙龈指数( GI)。结果:三组患者治疗后的牙龈出血率与疼痛感差异显著( P<0.05);随访1年,三组患者均未见修复体脱落,在临床效果(包括充填体脱落、边缘密合性、继发龋、边缘着色)方面差异不显著( P>0.05)。结论:三种方法修复龈下楔状缺损均有显著疗效,但排龈膏排龈法在控制修复后牙龈出血方面更有优势。%Objective:To observe the influence of different gingival retraction methods before subgingi-val wedge-shaped defect reparation on gingival bleeding after repair .Method:165 cases were selected and divided into 3 groups randomly .Group A ( n=55 ) received gingival retraction without including medicine , Group B(n=55)received gingival retraction with medicine ( each inch has 0.4±0.2mg phenylephrine), and group C( n=55) received gingival retraction with gingival retraction paste .The gingiva bleeding rate and pain after treatment and gingival index after following up for 1 year of three groups were recorded .Result: The difference for gingiva bleeding rate and pain among three groups was not evident (P0. 05).Conclusion:Three methods repairing subgingival wedge-shaped defect has evident efficacy , and gingi-val retraction paste has more evident effect to control gingiva bleeding after repair .

  16. 伸缩叠合型柔性(袋)管取心内管的研究与应用%Research on Coring Inner-tube of Flexible Retractable and Folable Pipe(Bag) and the Application

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪发文; 邬学农; 徐俊; 方波; 叶慧

    2015-01-01

    A coring inner-tube of flexible retractable and foldable pipe ( bag) has been developed to solve the problems caused by rigid coring tube, such as core disturbance, moisture retention and low core recovery.By the comparison of in-fluence on coring effects by the flexible coring tube with axial and radial folding patterns, the axial one was selected.The flexible coring inner-tube is made of polyethylene plastic with glass wool, and employs the drilling technology with ancillary techniques of high matrix bottom jet bit and single way claw spring cover.In the tests of 4 typical drilling projects, the sam-ple disturbance are lower than 5%, moisture retention higher than 95%and core recovery reaching 80%~95%.The prac-tices show that by the triple-tube equipped with coring inner-tube of flexible retractable and foldable pipe (bag), special rock samples and the undisturbed samples can keep high fidelities and high recovery with perfect coring effect.%为解决刚性取心管采取岩心扰动度、水分保真度、取心率难以满足业主及设计部门要求的问题,研制了伸缩叠合型柔性(袋)管取心内管。通过分析比较柔性取心内管轴向和径向2种折叠方式对取心效果的影响,选用了轴向折叠方式的柔性取心内衬管。柔性取心内管的材质选用添加玻璃纤维丝的聚乙烯塑料。辅之配套使用高胎体底喷钻头、单向性罩爪簧的钻进工艺。通过在4种典型钻探项目中的试验,样品的扰动度<5%,水分保真度>95%,取心率达到了80%~95%。实践证明,应用伸缩式叠合型柔性(袋)管取心内管的三重管钻取特殊心样等原状样品,保真度高,采取率高,取心效果良好,有较好的推广应用价值。

  17. Dynamic Simulation and Optimum Analysis of Landing Gear Extension and Retraction System for Civil Aircraft%起落架系统收放时间仿真及优化分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴双; 王汉斌

    2016-01-01

    本研究的主要目标是建立起落架虚拟仿真分析系统,包括起落架机构、液压回路等主要模型。该系统充分考虑模拟起落架收放过程中的运行环境,完成以起落架收放系统正常收放功能、收放时间计算为检测指标的多系统耦合仿真分析,用以验证起落架收放系统的设计方案和关键参数,支持后续优化设计。%The aim of this research is building landing gear dynamic simulation system,which includes landing gear and hydraulic system. The system could simulate normal extend and retract action of landing gear and compute the whole time with co-simulation. The design project and key-point parameter could be testified and optimized by computed results.

  18. Multi-instrument gravity-wave measurements over Tierra del Fuego and the Drake Passage - Part 1: Potential energies and vertical wavelengths from AIRS, COSMIC, HIRDLS, MLS-Aura, SAAMER, SABER and radiosondes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, Corwin J.; Hindley, Neil P.; Moss, Andrew C.; Mitchell, Nicholas J.

    2016-03-01

    Gravity waves in the terrestrial atmosphere are a vital geophysical process, acting to transport energy and momentum on a wide range of scales and to couple the various atmospheric layers. Despite the importance of these waves, the many studies to date have often exhibited very dissimilar results, and it remains unclear whether these differences are primarily instrumental or methodological. Here, we address this problem by comparing observations made by a diverse range of the most widely used gravity-wave-resolving instruments in a common geographic region around the southern Andes and Drake Passage, an area known to exhibit strong wave activity. Specifically, we use data from three limb-sounding radiometers (Microwave Limb Sounder, MLS-Aura; HIgh Resolution Dynamics Limb Sounder, HIRDLS; Sounding of the Atmosphere using Broadband Emission Radiometry, SABER), the Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, Ionosphere and Climate (COSMIC) GPS-RO constellation, a ground-based meteor radar, the Advanced Infrared Sounder (AIRS) infrared nadir sounder and radiosondes to examine the gravity wave potential energy (GWPE) and vertical wavelengths (λz) of individual gravity-wave packets from the lower troposphere to the edge of the lower thermosphere ( ˜ 100 km). Our results show important similarities and differences. Limb sounder measurements show high intercorrelation, typically > 0.80 between any instrument pair. Meteor radar observations agree in form with the limb sounders, despite vast technical differences. AIRS and radiosonde observations tend to be uncorrelated or anticorrelated with the other data sets, suggesting very different behaviour of the wave field in the different spectral regimes accessed by each instrument. Evidence of wave dissipation is seen, and varies strongly with season. Observed GWPE for individual wave packets exhibits a log-normal distribution, with short-timescale intermittency dominating over a well-repeated monthly-median seasonal

  19. Landing Gear Retraction System of Modular Modeling and Thermal-hydraulic Simulation%起落架收放系统模块化建模及热力学仿真

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张忠; 周瑞祥; 王卓健; 贾文铜

    2013-01-01

    The landing gear system in the thermal design is an important part of the the landing gear system design, and the oil temperature change will affect its performance. In order to undersand its thermal-hydraulic characteristics, this paper established the composition of landing gear system hydraulic components of the thermal-hydraulic model. The thermal-hydraulic model of landing gear retraction system was established using AMESim soft. The models could satisfy requirement of temperature simulation of general hydraulic system. The simulation tests include hydraulic subsystem simulation and representative aircraft hydraulic system simulation. The results show that the established models can be used in variable parameters' simulation and represent the dynamic temperature characteristic of hydraulic system.%起落架系统的热设计是起落架系统设计的重要组成部分,收放过程中油液等温度的变化会对其性能产生一定的影响.为了解其热力学特性,文章建立了组成起落架收放系统的液压元件的热力学模型,在AMESim软件平台上搭建了起落架收放系统的热力学仿真模型,进行了仿真试验研究,仿真结果表明,所建模型可以实现对压力、流量、温度等多参数的联合仿真,仿真结果能够较好地反映起落架收放系统的热力学特性.

  20. Retraction notice to: Environmental cadmium and zinc concentrations in liver and kidney of European hare from different Serbian regions, Zoran I. Petrović, Vlado B. Teodorović, Mirjana R. Dimitrijević, Sunčica Z. Borozan, Miloš T. Beuković, Dragica M. Nikolić, Aurelija T. Spirić , [Hem. Ind. 67 (4 593-599 (2013 DOI: 10.2298/HEMIND120815100P

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Editorial

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This article has been retracted at the request of authors. The retraction has been made because the authors admitted that they have done dual submission of the text and drawings from article named "Environmental Cd and Zn Concentrations in Liver and Kidney of European Hare from Different Serbian Regions: Age and Tissue Differences" published in Bull Environ Contam Toxicol (2013 90:203-207 DOI 10.1007/s00128-012-0901-7. One of the conditions of submission of a paper for publication are that authors confirm that their work is entirely originally written, someone else’s data and/or text are appropriately cited or quoted and permission has been obtained for use of copyrighted material from other sources. Therefore, the retracted article represents a serious improperly usage of the scientific publishing system. Apologies are offered to readers of the journal Hem.Ind. that this abuse was not detected during the submission, i.e. peer review process. Link to the retracted article 10.2298/HEMIND120815100P