Lykke Hindhede, Anette
This article addresses the social power variations in the context of audiological rehabilitation. The empirically based study examines the everyday interaction between professional medicine and the patient when hearing aids are being provided. By the use of video recordings an analysis is conducted...... patients are allowed to bring to the audiological encounter. Bureaucratic time imperatives preclude patients' subjective experiences and standardised, normative accountabilities based on scientific knowledge work as an effective structuring principle to get the work done in the appropriate time....
The paper presents historical data on development of audiology as a medical speciality. It gives the chronological overview of the most significant discoveries which have contributed to the progress and constant development of the science of hearing. The insights and discoveries encompass the ancient, medieval and contemporary medical science. THE TERM "AUDIOLOGY" AND FIRST ASSOCIATIONS OF AUDIOLOGISTS: The paper reviews the origin of the term "audiology" and the time of its occurrence. The First World Congress of Audiologists was held in 1948, and the Conference of Audiologists and Phoniatrists of Yugoslavia was established in 1974. The ancient scientists and philosophers mentioned in the paper are as follows: Democritus, Hippocrates, Empedocles, Plato, Aristotle, and Galenus. Discoveries of Vesalius, Fallopio, Eustachio, Duverney, Schelhammer, Catugno and Helmholtz marked their epochs and made a great contribution to the development of the entire medical science, including audiology. A significant contribution to audiology was made by Schwartz in 1920 and Fletcher in 1926, constructors of audiometers. Fowler, Weigel and Fletcher promoted an audiogram in 1922. Wever and Bray first introduced the cochlear microphonic potentials. The first modern audiometer with a flat zero line for all pitches was constructed in 1937. In 1947, Bekesy constructed the automatic audiometer, and the theory of mobile waves was introduced in 1928. Fletcher and Steinberg promoted speech audiometries in 1929. Mendel and Goldstein described medium latency responses in 1969. The first hearing aids worn within the ear appeared in the same year. William House pioneered the cochlear implantation in adults in 1969, and the program of infant cochlear implants. Jewett described the evoked auditory potentials in 1970. James Jerger classified tympanometric curves into three tympanogram types (A, B, C). Portmann and Arran introduced transtympanic electrocochleography in 1971. Kemp introduced
Hindhede, Anette Lykke
This article addresses the social power variations in the context of audiological rehabilitation. The empirically based study examines the everyday interaction between professional medicine and the patient when hearing aids are being provided. By the use of video recordings an analysis is conduct...
Kothari, Anita; Bagatto, Marlene P.; Seewald, Richard; Miller, Linda T.; Scollie, Susan D.
The impetus for evidence-based practice (EBP) has grown out of widespread concern with the quality, effectiveness (including cost-effectiveness), and efficiency of medical care received by the public. Although initially focused on medicine, EBP principles have been adopted by many of the health care professions and are often represented in practice through the development and use of clinical practice guidelines (CPGs). Audiology has been working on incorporating EBP principles into its mandate for professional practice since the mid-1990s. Despite widespread efforts to implement EBP and guidelines into audiology practice, gaps still exist between the best evidence based on research and what is being done in clinical practice. A collaborative dynamic and iterative integrated knowledge translation (KT) framework rather than a researcher-driven hierarchical approach to EBP and the development of CPGs has been shown to reduce the knowledge-to-clinical action gaps. This article provides a brief overview of EBP and CPGs, including a discussion of the barriers to implementing CPGs into clinical practice. It then offers a discussion of how an integrated KT process combined with a community of practice (CoP) might facilitate the development and dissemination of evidence for clinical audiology practice. Finally, a project that uses the knowledge-to-action (KTA) framework for the development of outcome measures in pediatric audiology is introduced. PMID:22194314
, broad, and metaphorical. Compared to visual impairment, describing hearing seems to be more difficult, and frequently, persons with hearing impairment resort to visual metaphors. A CA examination of conversational order in the areas of turn-taking, sequence, repair, topic, multimodality, and linguistic...... resources yields partial results for these audiological data, and including epistemics in the analysis achieves to 'grasp' the phenomenon more fully. CA research "into epistemics focuses on the knowledge claims that interactants assert, contest and defend in and through turns-at-talk and sequences...... of information between speaker and hearer, this indication is sufficient to motivate and warrant a sequence of interaction that will be closed when the imbalance is acknowledged as equalized for all practical purposes” (Heritage 2012: 32). The presentation concludes with connecting the interactional problems...
Hamill, Teri A; Andrews, Julia P
Using audiology assistants allows a practice to meet the expected increase in patient demand in a cost-effective manner, without compromise to quality of patient care. Assistants are particularly valuable in private practice settings that have an emphasis in amplification, as many of the tasks involved do not require the unique skills of the doctor of audiology. Regulatory considerations, methods of training, and scope of practice of the assistant are discussed.
Lykke Hindhede, Anette; Parving, Agnete
The present contribution briefly describes the history of Danish Audiology during the last 50-60 years from the establishment of the National Hearing Health Services (NHHS). The progress within the field is framed according to the theory of Bourdieu challenging the present concept of evidence......, is regarded as a potential reduction for future research and training within audiology. In contrast, the political field considers it as an improvement despite the substantial increase in costs for the state....
Full Text Available Introduction: The agricultural airplane pilot are daily exposed to intense noises, being susceptible to the noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL and its auditory and extra auditory effects. Objective: To analyze the audiological profile of this population, verifying the work's influence on its hearing. Method: It was realized a retrospective, individual, observational, and cross-sectional study through the data obtained by means of a questionnaire and audiometric thresholds of 41 agricultural pilots. To the statistical analysis were utilized the chi-square, Spearman, and Wilcoxon tests with significance level of 5%. Results: It was verified that 95,1% of the pilots use PPE ( personal protective equipment during flight and 58,5% have contact with pesticides. More than half of individuals referred to feel auditory and extra auditory symptoms, being the buzz the more frequent (29,1%. It has the occurrence of 29,3% of NIHL suggestive hearing loss and 68,3% of normality, taking this presence of unilateral notch in 24,4% and bilateral notch in 31,7%. It was found correlation statistically significant in the associations between time of service and the average of the acute frequencies in the right ear (p=0038, and in the left ear (p=0,010. It has a statistical tendency in the association between audiometric configuration and contact with pesticides (p=0,088. Conclusion: The hearing loss prevalence in this study was showed high. More than half of the sample has normal audiometric thresholds with notch configuration. Such data lead to the conclusion that the agricultural pilots, even with PPE use, they still suffer with the damages caused by noise, needing best proposals of hearing loss prevention.
Zitelli, Lori; Palmer, Catherine V
Although older adults are likely to experience some degree of hearing loss that if untreated will interfere with treatment for other disorders and result in less-than-optimal health care outcomes, health care providers do not have a reliable and cost-effective way to identify these individuals when admitted to a hospital for inpatient care. This article addresses the impact of untreated hearing loss on health care in a hospital setting and shares how the implementation of interventional audiology in an outpatient clinic has impacted the inpatient audiology services provided at a large tertiary care hospital. A discussion of how these services can be further expanded is provided.
VENTO, BARBARA A.
This article presents a review of the book Telepractice in Audiology, authored by Emma Rushbrooke MPhil(AUD), BA, DipAud., MAudSA., LSLS. Cert. AVT, RNC, and K. Todd Houston, PhD, CCC-SLP, LSLS Cert. AVT, and 13 contributing authors. This is the first book entirely devoted to tele-audiology. It provides practical information for working with clients across the lifespan and for multiple practice settings. Reviewer Dr. Barbara Vento endorses this work as a comprehensive resource on the topic of teleaudiology for both students and aspiring teleaudiologists.
Barbara A. Vento
Full Text Available This article presents a review of the book Telepractice in Audiology, authored by Emma Rushbrooke MPhil(AUD, BA, DipAud., MAudSA., LSLS. Cert. AVT, RNC, and K. Todd Houston, PhD, CCC-SLP, LSLS Cert. AVT, and 13 contributing authors. This is the first book entirely devoted to tele-audiology. It provides practical information for working with clients across the lifespan and for multiple practice settings. Reviewer Dr. Barbara Vento endorses this work as a comprehensive resource on the topic of teleaudiology for both students and aspiring teleaudiologists.
VENTO, BARBARA A.
This article presents a review of the book Telepractice in Audiology, authored by Emma Rushbrooke MPhil(AUD), BA, DipAud., MAudSA., LSLS. Cert. AVT, RNC, and K. Todd Houston, PhD, CCC-SLP, LSLS Cert. AVT, and 13 contributing authors. This is the first book entirely devoted to tele-audiology. It provides practical information for working with clients across the lifespan and for multiple practice settings. Reviewer Dr. Barbara Vento endorses this work as a comprehensive resource on the topic o...
VENTO, BARBARA A.
This article presents a review of the book Telepractice in Audiology, authored by Emma Rushbrooke MPhil(AUD), BA, DipAud., MAudSA., LSLS. Cert. AVT, RNC, and K. Todd Houston, PhD, CCC-SLP, LSLS Cert. AVT, and 13 contributing authors. This is the first book entirely devoted to tele-audiology. It provides practical information for working with clients across the lifespan and for multiple practice settings. Reviewer Dr. Barbara Vento endorses this work as a comprehensive resource on the topic of...
Hindhede, Anette Lykke
The audiological (sub)field has served the Danish community for 60 years. Whereas at the establishment level, hearing tactics to cope with hearing impairment is considered the appropriate way to rehabilitate, the use of technology to compensate for hearing loss has gradually supplanted teaching...
Criter, Robin E; Honaker, Julie A
To compare fall statistics (e.g. incidence, prevalence), fall risks, and characteristics of patients who seek hearing healthcare from an audiologist to individuals who have not sought such services. Case-control study. Two groups of community-dwelling older adult patients: 25 audiology patients aged 60 years or older (M age: 69.2 years, SD: 4.5, range: 61-77) and a control group (gender- and age-matched ±2 years) of 25 non-audiology patients (M age: 69.6, SD: 4.7, range: 60-77). Annual incidence of falls (most recent 12 months) was higher in audiology patients (68.0%) than non-audiology patients (28.0%; p = .005). Audiology patients reported a higher incidence of multiple recent falls (p =.025) and more chronic health conditions (p = .028) than non-audiology patients. Significantly more audiology patients fall on an annual basis than non-audiology patients, suggesting that falls are a pervasive issue in general hearing clinics. Further action on the part of healthcare professionals providing audiologic services may be necessary to identify individuals at risk for falling.
Knudsen, Line V; Laplante-Lévesque, Ariane; Jones, Lesley; Preminger, Jill E; Nielsen, Claus; Lunner, Thomas; Hickson, Louise; Naylor, Graham; Kramer, Sophia E
Qualitative research methodologies are being used more frequently in audiology as it allows for a better understanding of the perspectives of people with hearing impairment. This article describes why and how international interdisciplinary qualitative research can be conducted. This paper is based on a literature review and our recent experience with the conduction of an international interdisciplinary qualitative study in audiology. We describe some available qualitative methods for sampling, data collection, and analysis and we discuss the rationale for choosing particular methods. The focus is on four approaches which have all previously been applied to audiologic research: grounded theory, interpretative phenomenological analysis, conversational analysis, and qualitative content analysis. This article provides a review of methodological issues useful for those designing qualitative research projects in audiology or needing assistance in the interpretation of qualitative literature.
Knudsen, L.V.; Laplante-Levesque, A.; Jones, L.; Preminger, J.E.; Nielsen, C.; Lunner, T.; Hickson, L.; Naylor, G.; Kramer, S.E.
Objective: Qualitative research methodologies are being used more frequently in audiology as it allows for a better understanding of the perspectives of people with hearing impairment. This article describes why and how international interdisciplinary qualitative research can be conducted. Design:
Oh, Soo Hee; Lee, Junghak
The present report provides an overview of terminology studies in audiology including topics and study characteristics, as well as categorizing the main issues. The goals are to improve the understanding of the current issues for terminology in audiology and to provide some basic information that will be useful to develop an international standard. Search procedures were completed over two phases. Phase 1 included a systematic electronic searches using MEDLINE (PubMed), Excerpta Medica Databa...
Oh, Soo Hee; Lee, Junghak
The present report provides an overview of terminology studies in audiology including topics and study characteristics, as well as categorizing the main issues. The goals are to improve the understanding of the current issues for terminology in audiology and to provide some basic information that will be useful to develop an international standard. Search procedures were completed over two phases. Phase 1 included a systematic electronic searches using MEDLINE (PubMed), Excerpta Medica Database, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and International Organization for Standardization with keywords related to terminology of audiology. The studies were initially identified according to the titles of 2921 publications following careful abstract examination. Of these, whole texts of 16 publications were retrieved. Five papers met the inclusion criteria were further investigated. In phase 2, a manual search was conducted to collect additional publications with keywords related to terminology project in audiology. A total of 16 papers were found. The essential terminology issues classified included 'appropriateness,' 'classification/framework,' 'inconsistency of terminology,' 'multilingual and international aspects,' and 'service quality/delivery including communication and accessibility.' This was indicative of the paucity of terminology research in audiology, despite recurring terminology issues. Establishment of standardized terminology in audiology may minimize current challenging terminology issues by improving appropriateness and consistency of terminology as well as communication among relevant stakeholders at national and international levels.
With the increased emphasis on the importance of early identification of paediatric hearing loss within developing countries such as South Africa and Nigeria there has been a recognition of the ethical obligation to ensure access to timely diagnostic and intervention services for children identified with hearing loss; regardless of their geographic or socioeconomic status. There are limited studies on diagnosis of paediatric hearing loss in a developing world context. The objective of this study was to determine processes used for diagnosis of paediatric hearing loss in South Africa, across the private and public healthcare sectors, and to profile the age of testing for each component of the diagnostic test battery. Diagnostic audiology testing data of 230 children enrolled in an early intervention programme was analysed to profile the reporting of diagnostic audiology testing as well as diagnostic audiology procedures employed. Results were analysed according to province as well as healthcare sector to compare diagnostic services across regions as well as healthcare sectors. The differences in audiology practice and tests employed with paediatric clients across the regions of Gauteng, Kwazulu Natal and Western Cape indicates that services across regions and across the public and private sector are not equitable. Each region is equally unlikely to complete a full, comprehensive diagnostic evaluation on paediatric clients. The age of testing highlights the increased age of diagnosis of hearing loss. Paediatric diagnostic audiology is a section of Early Hearing Detection and Intervention services that requires attention in terms of the appropriateness of procedures as well as equity of services. Further studies on diagnostic practice and resources in South Africa will provide information on factors that are preventing adherence to international best practice guidelines for paediatric diagnostic audiology. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
M. Hendriks; Dahlhaus-Booij, J.; Plass, A.M.
Objective: Clients’ perspective on the quality of audiology care has not been investigated thoroughly. Research has focused primarily on satisfaction with, and limitations of hearing aids. We developed a Consumer Quality Index (CQI) questionnaire ‘Audiology Care’ to systematically assess client experiences with audiology care. Design: The CQI Audiology Care was developed in three steps: (1) posing open-ended questions through e-mail (n = 14), (2) two small-scale surveys assessing psychometric...
Fabry, David A
Although private practice in audiology has evolved during the past 40 years, hearing aids have remained as a central component to success. This article will discuss present and future trends for the next 40 years, including parallels to other professions and the need to innovate beyond technology.
Silveira, Marcela Rosana Maia da; Gil, Daniela
BACKGROUND: hearing and mitochondriopathy. PROCEDURE: this case report aims at describing audiological evaluation results of two children diagnosed with mitochondrial disease referred to Clinical Audiology Out-patient Clinic of UNIFESP/EPM. Children were referred to audiology department from metabolic diseases out-patient clinic of UNIFESP. Both have undergone pure tone audiometry, behavioral observation, immittance measures and otoacoustic emissions. RESULTS: either behavioral or physiologic...
Ali, Kausar; Mohan, Kriti; Liu, Yi-Chun
Microtia is a congenital auricular deformity that commonly presents with associated congenital aural atresia. The most acute concern in these patients is concomitant hearing loss at birth. A team-based approach by plastic surgeons and otologists is necessary to address both the otologic and audiologic concerns of microtia and atresia. Hearing rehabilitation is imperative; yet it should not compromise the aesthetic components of reconstruction and vice versa. Here, the authors propose a framework to evaluate and manage patients with microtia and atresia with the goal of optimizing functional and cosmetic outcomes.
Background: Early detection of hearing loss is important to ensure optimal development, and may be influenced by the audiological assessment process. Objective: To describe the actual practices and audiological findings with regard to the assessment of 0 - 35-month-old children referred for a hearing assessment at a ...
Coco, Laura; Champlin, Craig A; Eikelboom, Robert H
Sections of the community face barriers to accessing audiology services. The aim of this study was to assess the barriers faced by people in typically underserved community settings and to provide audiology services in their natural environment. Information gathered by questionnaire was used to determine each site's candidacy as a potential tele-audiology site. Sixty-three participants were recruited across 3 community sites that were identified as gathering places for individuals who experience barriers to accessing traditional clinical audiology services. Information about demographics and participant experience with barriers to access was gathered by a locally generated, self-administered questionnaire. Pure-tone air-conduction audiometric exams were performed on participants with an automated portable diagnostic audiometer. Afterward, the investigator provided counseling regarding hearing loss rehabilitation or hearing protection. Referrals were made when appropriate. Pure-tone averages were similar within sites but varied across sites. At least 30% of individuals at each site reported they wanted to visit the audiologist more often. Each site reported different principal barriers to access, among them transportation, motivation, and money. Eleven individuals were referred to the next level of care. Questionnaire results revealed special accommodations should be considered at each potential tele-audiology site. The present study provided audiology services to individuals in their natural environment, identified many of the obstacles preventing individuals from pursuing traditional audiology services and provided information for the foundation of a tele-audiology practice.
Shen, Jing; Anderson, Melinda C; Arehart, Kathryn H; Souza, Pamela E
The population of the United States is aging. Those older adults are living longer than ever and have an increased desire for social participation. As a result, audiologists are likely to see an increased demand for service by older clients whose communication difficulty is caused by a combination of hearing loss and cognitive impairment. For these individuals, early detection of mild cognitive impairment is critical for providing timely medical intervention and social support. This tutorial provides information about cognition of older adults, mild cognitive impairment, and cognitive screening tests, with the purpose of assisting audiologists in identifying and appropriately referring potential cases of cognitive impairment. Topics addressed also include how to administer cognitive screening tests on individuals with hearing loss, how to use test results in audiology practice, and the potential of using cognitive screening tests for evaluating the benefit of clinical interventions. As health care professionals who serve the aging population, audiologists are likely to encounter cases of undiagnosed cognitive impairment. In order to provide timely referral for medical assistance as well as an optimized individual outcome of audiologic interventions, audiologists should be trained to recognize an abnormality in older clients' cognitive status.
Hendriks, Michelle; Dahlhaus-Booij, Judith; Plass, Anne Marie
Clients' perspective on the quality of audiology care has not been investigated thoroughly. Research has focused primarily on satisfaction with, and limitations of hearing aids. We developed a Consumer Quality Index (CQI) questionnaire 'Audiology Care' to systematically assess client experiences with audiology care. The CQI Audiology Care was developed in three steps: (1) posing open-ended questions through e-mail (n = 14), (2) two small-scale surveys assessing psychometric properties of the questionnaire (n = 188) and importance of quality aspects (n = 118), and (3) a large-scale survey (n = 1793) assessing psychometric properties and discriminatory power of the questionnaire. People with complex hearing impairments and/or balance and communicative disorders who visited an audiology care centre during the past year. Important quality aspects were translated into seven reliable scales: accommodation and facilities, employees' conduct and expertise, arrangement of appointments, waiting times, client participation and effectiveness of treatment. Client experiences differed among the participating centres concerning accommodation and facilities, arrangement of appointments, waiting times and client participation. The CQI Audiology Care is a valid and reliable instrument to assess clients' experiences with audiology care. Future implementation will reveal whether results can be used to monitor and improve the quality of audiology care.
Hendriks, M.; Dahlhaus-Booij, J.; Plass, A.M.
Objective: Clients’ perspective on the quality of audiology care has not been investigated thoroughly. Research has focused primarily on satisfaction with, and limitations of hearing aids. We developed a Consumer Quality Index (CQI) questionnaire ‘Audiology Care’ to systematically assess client
Swinnen, F.K.R.; Dhooge, I.J.; Coucke, P.J.; D'Eufemia, P.; Zardo, F.; Garretsen, T.J.; Cremers, C.W.R.J.; Leenheer, E.M. De
OBJECTIVES: To describe the audiologic phenotype in osteogenesis imperfecta (OI). STUDY DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: One hundred eighty-two patients with genetically confirmed OI, aged 3 to 89 years. INTERVENTION: Diagnostic hearing evaluation through
Laplante-Lévesque, Ariane; Lunner, Thomas; Andersson, Gerhard; Preminger, Jill E
This article describes the Second International Meeting on Internet and Audiology, which took place at the Eriksholm Research Centre, Oticon A/S, Denmark September 24 to 25, 2015, and introduces the research forum arising from the meeting. The potential gains of the Internet within audiology are framed within the central role of quality connections among people, ideas, and objects. First, the meeting is summarized. Second, the 11 articles arising from the meeting and collected in this research forum are grouped into 2 themes: design and evaluation. Last, the benefits of interoperability and standardization are discussed. We look forward to the day when the Internet is an integral part of audiology, and we invite readers to attend future editions of the International Meeting on Internet and Audiology.
Samelli, Alessandra Giannella; Negretti, Camila Aparecida; Ueda, Kerli Saori; Moreira, Renata Rodrigues; Schochat, Eliane
Given the high prevalence of presbycusis and the damage it brings about, a screening test can be useful in the identification of hearing loss in primary care. To estimate the prevalence of hearing loss in a representative sample of elderly people living at Butantan using an audiological screening method (questionnaire) and a basic audiological evaluation; to compare the results of the two kinds of evaluations, checking the validity of this tool for hearing loss screening. Cross sectional descriptive study. 200 individuals (above 60 years old, both genders) were randomly selected to undergo audiological screening (questionnaire). Another randomly selected group encompassed 100 individuals who were submitted to a set of audiological tests. Then, we compared the results from the two methods. There were no statistically significant associations between the questionnaire and the degree of hearing loss of the patients. The prevalence of hearing loss in our sample was of 56% in the screening and of 95% when checked by the audiological evaluation. Therefore, screening was not proven valid to assess hearing when compared to audiological evaluation.
Barberena, Luciana da Silva; Brasil, Brunah de Castro; Melo, Roberta Michelon; Mezzomo, Carolina Lisbôa; Mota, Helena Bolli; Keske-Soares, Márcia
To present recent studies that used the ultrasound in the fields of Speech Language Pathology and Audiology, which evidence possibilities of the applicability of this technique in different subareas. A bibliographic research was carried out in the PubMed database, using the keywords "ultrasonic," "speech," "phonetics," "Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences," "voice," "deglutition," and "myofunctional therapy," comprising some areas of Speech Language Pathology and Audiology Sciences. The keywords "ultrasound," "ultrasonography," "swallow," "orofacial myofunctional therapy," and "orofacial myology" were also used in the search. Studies in humans from the past 5 years were selected. In the preselection, duplicated studies, articles not fully available, and those that did not present direct relation between ultrasound and Speech Language Pathology and Audiology Sciences were discarded. The data were analyzed descriptively and classified subareas of Speech Language Pathology and Audiology Sciences. The following items were considered: purposes, participants, procedures, and results. We selected 12 articles for ultrasound versus speech/phonetics subarea, 5 for ultrasound versus voice, 1 for ultrasound versus muscles of mastication, and 10 for ultrasound versus swallow. Studies relating "ultrasound" and "Speech Language Pathology and Audiology Sciences" in the past 5 years were not found. Different studies on the use of ultrasound in Speech Language Pathology and Audiology Sciences were found. Each of them, according to its purpose, confirms new possibilities of the use of this instrument in the several subareas, aiming at a more accurate diagnosis and new evaluative and therapeutic possibilities.
Matas, Carla Gentile; Angrisani, Rosanna Giaffredo; Magliaro, Fernanda Cristina Leite; Segurado, Aluisio Augusto Cotrim
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the findings of behavioral hearing assessment in HIV-positive individuals who received and did not receive antiretroviral treatment. METHODS: This research was a cross-sectional study. The participants were 45 HIV-positive individuals (18 not exposed and 27 exposed to antiretroviral treatment) and 30 control-group individuals. All subjects completed an audiological evaluation through pure-tone audiometry, speech audiometry, and high-frequency audiometry. RESULTS: The hearing thresholds obtained by pure-tone audiometry were different between groups. The group that had received antiretroviral treatment had higher thresholds for the frequencies ranging from 250 to 3000 Hz compared with the control group and the group not exposed to treatment. In the range of frequencies from 4000 through 8000 Hz, the HIV-positive groups presented with higher thresholds than did the control group. The hearing thresholds determined by high-frequency audiometry were different between groups, with higher thresholds in the HIV-positive groups. CONCLUSION: HIV-positive individuals presented poorer results in pure-tone and high-frequency audiometry, suggesting impairment of the peripheral auditory pathway. Individuals who received antiretroviral treatment presented poorer results on both tests compared with individuals not exposed to antiretroviral treatment. PMID:25029578
Kaf, Wafaa A; Masterson, Caleb G; Dion, Nancy; Berg, Susan L; Abdelhakiem, Mohamed K
Scope of practice in audiology encompasses proficiency in visual inspection of ear canal and tympanic membrane (TM) as well as otoscopy interpretation skills to determine normal versus abnormal conditions of outer and middle ear. Audiology students can develop skills in otoscopy through education and supervised training. Studies have shown that additional otoscopy training increased skills in medical students and general practitioners. However, educational and supervised practices targeting otoscopy competency during audiology graduate coursework are lacking. Also, no studies have attempted to determine otoscopy skills among audiology students. To determine the effectiveness of the otoscopy training model on clinical competency and confidence level of audiology students in performing and interpreting otoscopy. A combination of experimental treatment design with random assignment of treatment and control groups and delayed treatment for control group. Thirty-two first- and second-year audiology graduate students who were enrolled in a pediatric audiology class participated in this study. Students were randomly assigned to the control (n = 16, 14 females) or experimental (n = 16, 14 females) group. Participants in the experimental group received supplementary otoscopy training including didactic otoscopy lectures as well as clinical training using manikin ears. The control group received the same pretest and posttest and then completed a third assessment (posttest 2) after receiving the same training. An evaluation of knowledge and skills regarding otoscopy between groups and time was conducted at three times: (a) pretraining, (b) upon completion of training for the experimental group, (c) upon completion of training by the control group. The evaluation consisted of a written exam, a clinical exam, and a self-perception rating of confidence. Both written exam scores and clinical exam scores (otoscopy manikin) were analyzed via two-way analyses of variance (ANOVAs
Given the growth in the aging population, low hearing uptake rates and the emerging science indicating that age-related hearing loss has long term consequences to health and wellness, an interventional audiology strategy is needed. This paper will define interventional audiology and offer guidance on bringing an interventional audiology to life in clinical practice.
HPCSA has recommended a test battery between the ages of 0 and. 36 months to allow for accountable ... The study highlighted gaps in the practice of recommended, age-appropriate audiological protocols as well as the ages at which the initial hearing .... hearing screening at an average age of 13.5 months. In contrast, a.
Hayes, Deborah; Eclavea, Elaine; Dreith, Susan; Habte, Bereket
This manuscript describes a pilot project in which infants in Guam who refer on newborn hearing screening receive diagnostic audiological evaluation conducted by audiologists in Colorado over the Internet (telepractice). The evaluation is completed in real time using commercially-available software and personal computers to control the diagnostic…
professions of speech-language therapy and audiology were also seen as an important recommendation. Educational campaigns are essential given the fact that the current study revealed that limited parental knowledge may be a factor hampering effective EI services. ASHA25 asserts that part of the role of an EI specialist ...
Donald, Ashleigh J.; Kelly-Campbell, Rebecca J.
Objective: The purpose of this study was twofold: first, to evaluate a typical pediatric diagnostic audiology report to establish its readability and comprehensibility for parents and, second, to revise the report to improve its readability, as well as the comprehension, sense of self-efficacy, and positive opinions of parent readers. Method: In…
Shi, Dian-yin; Zhou, Lian; Shang, Ying-ying
To study the audiological and otological status of cleft palate infants with the application of distortion product otoacoustic emission (DPOAE), auditory brainstem response (ABR), tympanometry with 1000 Hz and 226 Hz probe tones. Totally 45 cleft palate infants aged 8-24 months were included in the study. Most of them were examined for DPOAE, ABR and two frequency tympanometry. Most infants failed the three tests,among whom 6.7% ears passed DPOAE and 33.3% of ears had normal ABR hearing threshold. In addition, 8.9% of ears turned out normal in the 1000 Hz probe-tone tympanometry, and 13.3% were type A in the 226 Hz probe-tone tympanometry. Finally, 1000 Hz tympanometry had more agreement with DPOAE and latency of ABR wave I than 226 Hz tympanometry. Most cleft palate infants have audiological and otological problems, which should be evaluated in a more comprehensive manner.
Dzulkarnain, A A; Rahmat, S; Mohd Puzi, N A F; Badzis, M
This discussion paper reviews and synthesises the literature on simulated learning environment (SLE) from allied health sciences, medical and nursing in general and audiology specifically. The focus of the paper is on discussing the use of high-fidelity (HF) SLE and describing the challenges for developing a HF SLE for clinical audiology training. Through the review of the literature, this paper discusses seven questions, (i) What is SLE? (ii) What are the types of SLEs? (iii) How is SLE classified? (iv) What is HF SLE? (v) What types of SLEs are available in audiology and their level of fidelity? (vi) What are the components needed for developing HF SLE? (vii) What are the possible types of HF SLEs that are suitable for audiology training? Publications were identified by structured searches from three major databases PubMed, Web of Knowledge and PsychInfo and from the reference lists of relevant articles. The authors discussed and mapped the levels of fidelity of SLE audiology training modules from the literature and the learning domains involved in the clinical audiology courses. The discussion paper has highlighted that most of the existing SLE audiology training modules consist of either low- or medium-fidelity types of simulators. Those components needed to achieve a HF SLE for audiology training are also highlighted. Overall, this review recommends that the combined approach of different levels and types of SLE could be used to obtain a HF SLE training module in audiology training.
Sjoblad, Stephanie; Abel, Debbie
The hearing aid delivery landscape has dramatically changed over the past several years, with a commercial payer, the Internet, and big box stores dispensing hearing aids directly to patients. The audiology community needs to modify the bundled billing model. This session will describe how to optimize the services you provide to current and new patients and change the hearing aid delivery and hearing aid pricing model to remain competitive with these new market trends. This activity will educate participants on itemized billing, sometimes referred to as unbundling, its pros and cons, and how it could aid audiologists in differentiating themselves in the hearing aid delivery landscape.
Hall, James W
The crosscheck principle is just as important in pediatric audiology as it was when first described 40 years ago. That is, no auditory test result should be accepted and used in the diagnosis of hearing loss until it is confirmed or crosschecked by one or more independent measures. Exclusive reliance on only one or two tests, even objective auditory measures, may result in a auditory diagnosis that is not clear or perhaps incorrect. On the other hand, close and careful analysis of findings fo...
Cacace, Anthony T.; de Kleine, Emile; Holt, Avril Genene; van Dijk, Pim
With advancements across various scientific and medical fields, professionals in audiology are in a unique position to integrate cutting-edge technology with real-world situations. Scientific Foundations of Audiology provides a strong basis and philosophical framework for understanding various
Hindhede, Anette Lykke; Larsen, Kristian
In this paper, we trace the history of those forms of rationality that comprise the present situation in hearing clinics. The paper takes as a starting point the 1950s when audiology became a public service. The formation of the field of audiology is framed according to Bourdieu's conception...... of fields. This approach allows for constructing results in a historical account where we focus on scientific developments emerging as alliances and conflicts between claims of authority and their subsequent impact on rehabilitative audiology and the different conceptualisations of hearing impairment. How...... the audiological field is structured and how services are provided are matters of 'accumulated history'. Our findings illustrate how the myth of present audiological scientific reason is not merely logical and rational but also complex and contradictory....
Full Text Available INTRODUCTION Currently available evidence reveals comparatively few studies of psychological effects of hearing impairments, in spite of the fact that clinicians have for a long time been aware of a connection between the acquired hearing impairment and mental disorders. They are focused on the investigation of dysfunction in general. Thus, three domains of the auditory imbalance may be distinguished: disorder, disability and handicap. 'Handicap', according to the definition of the World Health Organization, is a hindrance in an individual that results from an impairment or disability and represents psychological response of the individual to the impairment. OBJECTIVE Validation of acquired hearing impairment as a risk factor of psychical disorders as well as an analysis of relation of some demographic factors (sex, age, education and audiological factors (degree and duration of the impairment with the frequency of hearing handicap. METHOD MMPI-201 has been applied in 60 subjects affected with otosclerosis, potential candidates for stapedectomy, before and after the surgery. RESULTS Individuals with acquired hearing impairment manifest more frequent disorders of psychical functioning in comparison with general population, while demographic and audiometric parameters did not correlate with acquired hearing handicap. CONCLUSION It may be assumed that the very recognition of demographic and audio-logical factors can not help much in the understanding of the psychological stress associated with hearing impairment.
Crowell, Ellen S; Givens, Gregg D; Jones, Gloria L; Brechtelsbauer, P Bradley; Yao, Jianchu
Access to adequate hearing health care is an obstacle that many individuals face worldwide. The prospect of providing audiology services via the Internet is an attractive and viable alternative to traditional face-to-face interaction between patients and audiologists, thus affording improved access to hearing health care for traditionally underserved populations. This article details our experience of using a web-based system with wireless audiometers and videoconferencing software to administer remote audiological assessments in an active medical practice. It discusses the technological infrastructure used and the pragmatic issues that arise when the Internet, Bluetooth wireless audiometers, and videoconferencing devices are converged into a clinical setting. Patients at a local office of otolaryngologists were recruited to participate in a study in which remote assessment results were compared to those collected from a traditional face-to-face assessment. Preliminary data demonstrated that the assessment results from the two sources were comparable. We conclude that remote hearing assessment over the Internet can be achieved through a distributed system synthesized with Internet, wireless communication, and videoconferencing technologies, supported by appropriate staff.
Serpanos, Yula C; Senzer, Deborah; Gordon, Daryl M
This study reports on interprofessional peer-assisted learning (PAL) as a model of instruction in the preparation of doctoral audiology students. Ten Doctor of Audiology (AuD) students provided training in audiologic screening for 53 graduate speech-language pathology students in 9 individual PAL sessions. Pre- and post-surveys assessed the peer teaching experience for AuD students in 5 areas of their confidence in audiologic screening: knowledge, skill, making a referral based on outcomes, teaching, and supervising. Pre- and post-learning outcomes in audiologic screening for the speech-language pathology student trainees determined the effectiveness of training by their AuD student peers. Survey outcomes revealed significant (p < .001) improvement in the overall confidence of AuD student peer instructors. Speech-language pathology students trained by their AuD peers exhibited significant (p = .003) improvements in their knowledge and skill and making outcome-based referrals in audiologic screening, supporting the effectiveness of the PAL paradigm. In addition to meeting required accreditation and professional certification competency standards, the PAL instructional model offers an innovative curricular approach in interprofessional education and in the teaching and supervisory preparation of students in doctoral audiology programs.
Henry, James A; Zaugg, Tara L; Myers, Paula J; Schechter, Martin A
Management of tinnitus generally involves educational counseling, stress reduction, and/or the use of therapeutic sound. This article focuses on therapeutic sound, which can involve three objectives: (a) producing a sense of relief from tinnitus-associated stress (using soothing sound); (b) passively diverting attention away from tinnitus by reducing contrast between tinnitus and the acoustic environment (using background sound); and (c) actively diverting attention away from tinnitus (using interesting sound). Each of these goals can be accomplished using three different types of sound-broadly categorized as environmental sound, music, and speech-resulting in nine combinations of uses of sound and types of sound to manage tinnitus. The authors explain the uses and types of sound, how they can be combined, and how the different combinations are used with Progressive Audiologic Tinnitus Management. They also describe how sound is used with other sound-based methods of tinnitus management (Tinnitus Masking, Tinnitus Retraining Therapy, and Neuromonics).
Bumm, P; Krüger, B; Lang, E
A significant loss of performance of the ear was found to be a function of age in all audiological tests. Clear cases of presbycusis were only determined in persons above 70 years of age. According to finds, a severely handicapping loss in the ability to understand speech only occurred in the 90-year-old group suffering from primary presbycusis. A disturbing impairment of hearing in younger persons is most likely due to a secondary presbycusis. Contrary to previous opinions suprathreshold tests indicate a high percentage of sensoneural hearing losses are due to cochlear lesions. The dichotic discrimination test showed the highest correlation to age. This especially seems to be caused by age-inherent changes in central pathways. Altogether, although it has been this study were considerably handicapped, they were, however, thoroughly able to understand speech under favorable conditions.
Hall, James W
The crosscheck principle is just as important in pediatric audiology as it was when first described 40 years ago. That is, no auditory test result should be accepted and used in the diagnosis of hearing loss until it is confirmed or crosschecked by one or more independent measures. Exclusive reliance on only one or two tests, even objective auditory measures, may result in a auditory diagnosis that is not clear or perhaps incorrect. On the other hand, close and careful analysis of findings for a test battery consisting of objective procedures and behavioral tests whenever feasible usually leads to prompt and accurate diagnosis of auditory dysfunction. This paper provides a concise review of the crosscheck principle from its introduction to its clinical application today. The review concludes with a description of a modern test battery for pediatric hearing assessment that supplements traditional behavioral tests with a variety of independent objective procedures including aural immittance measures, otoacoustic emissions, and auditory evoked responses.
Ferrer-Vinent, Susan T; Ferrer-Vinent, Ignacio J
This is the 2nd in a series of 3 planned companion articles that present a selected, annotated, and indexed bibliography of clinical audiology publications from 1989 through 2009. Research and preparation of the bibliography were based on published guidelines, professional audiology experience, and professional librarian experience. The first article in the series covered reference works. This article focuses on other books. The planned third companion article will present periodicals and online resources. Audiologists and librarians can use this bibliography to help them identify relevant clinical audiology literature.
Santos,Andréia Cristina Muznlinger dos; Borrego, Maria Cristina De Menezes; Behlau,Mara
PURPOSE: To verify the effect of two approaches of vocal training in Speech Language Pathology and Audiology students, a direct and an indirect approach.METHODS: Participants were 25 female Speech Language Pathology and Audiology students divided into two groups: direct training with vocal exercises, DTG (n=13); and indirect training with vocal orientations, ITG (n=12). The training sessions were conducted by the same speech language pathologist in six weekly sessions of 30 minutes. Both grou...
Patrícia Cotta Mancini
Full Text Available TEMA: Biossegurança na atuação audiológica. OBJETIVO: rever as medidas de precaução-padrão na literatura para o controle de infecção na audiologia. As medidas de biossegurança sugeridas para diversos profissionais de saúde foram adaptadas para as atividades inerentes à prática audiológica no Serviço de Audiologia do Hospital das Clínicas da UFMG. CONCLUSÃO: as medidas de precaução-padrão apresentadas podem ser consideradas e viabilizadas nas diversas instituições, hospitais ou clínicas, nas quais a atuação fonoaudiológica é cada vez mais presente e, por conseguinte, impele medidas de precauções específicas à natureza dos exames audiológicos.BACKGROUND: biosafety precautions for audiologic practice. PURPOSE: to review the biosafety precautions suggested in the literature for infection control in audiology. The biosafety precautions suggested for many health professionals were adapted for the inherent activities of audiologic practice in Audiology Service at Hospital das Clínicas of UFMG. CONCLUSION: the submitted biosafety precautions can be used by any institution, hospital or clinic where the audiologic performance is becoming more widespread and, consequently, demanding specific precautions for audiologic practice.
Grenness, Caitlin; Hickson, Louise; Laplante-Lévesque, Ariane; Davidson, Bronwyn
Patient-centred care is a term frequently associated with quality health care. Despite extensive literature from a range of health-care professions that provide description and measurement of patient-centred care, a definition of patient-centredness in audiological rehabilitation is lacking. The current study aimed to define patient-centred care specific to audiological rehabilitation from the perspective of older adults who have owned hearing aids for at least one year. Research interviews were conducted with a purposive sample of older adults concerning their perceptions of patient-centredness in audiological rehabilitation, and qualitative content analysis was undertaken. The participant sample included ten adults over the age of 60 years who had owned hearing aids for at least one year. Data analysis revealed three dimensions to patient-centred audiological rehabilitation: the therapeutic relationship, the players (audiologist and patient), and clinical processes. Individualised care was seen as an overarching theme linking each of these dimensions. This study reported two models: the first model describes what older adults with hearing aids believe constitutes patient-centred audiological rehabilitation. The second provides a guide to operationalised patient-centred care. Further research is required to address questions pertaining to the presence, nature, and impact of patient-centred audiological rehabilitation.
Brouwer, Catherine E.
The fitting of a hearing aid (HA) typically takes more than one consultation. In follow-up consultations, audiologists normally make use of standardized tests as well as client reports in order to evaluate how the client functions with his HA in his everyday life. In the course of interactively e......, it will be discussed how cases like these shed light on members’ categories of physical vs. cognitive functioning, i.e. how these categories are interactively constructed, and which social norms they may be based on....... establishing such a report, clients at times mention issues regarding their cognitive abilitities, rather than only reporting physiological or technical issues. These mentionings can be direct (as in ‘do you think I am imagining this?’) or reported (as in ‘in such situations, I appear as an idiot......’). The audiologist, however, is trained to deal with the intersection of technical or physiological evaluations. The issue, therefore, is how the client comes to mention cognitive abilities, despite the audiologists agenda. Using conversation analysis as a methodology, video recorded audiology consultations...
Full Text Available Anand P Swayamprakasam1, Elizabeth Stover1, Elizabeth Norgett1, Katherine G Blake-Palmer1, Michael J Cunningham2, Fiona E Karet11Department of Medical Genetics, Cambridge Institute for Medical Research, Cambridge, UK; 2Department of Otolaryngology, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Boston, MA, USAAbstract: Autosomal recessive distal renal tubular acidosis is usually a severe disease of childhood, often presenting as failure to thrive in infancy. It is often, but not always, accompanied by sensorineural hearing loss, the clinical severity and age of onset of which may be different from the other clinical features. Mutations in either ATP6V1B1 or ATP6V0A4 are the chief causes of primary distal renal tubular acidosis with or without hearing loss, although the loss is often milder in the latter. We describe a kindred with compound heterozygous alterations in ATP6V0A4, where hearing loss was formally diagnosed late in both siblings such that they missed early opportunities for hearing support. This kindred highlights the importance of routine audiologic assessments of all children with distal renal tubular acidosis, irrespective either of age at diagnosis or of which gene is mutated. In addition, when diagnostic genetic testing is undertaken, both genes should be screened irrespective of current hearing status. A strategy for this is outlined.Keywords: sensorineural hearing loss, renal tubular acidosis, recessive, genetics, mutation
Vargas-Gamarra, María F; de Paula-Vernetta, Carlos; Vitoria Miñana, Isidro; Ibañez-Alcañiz, Isabel; Cavallé-Garrido, Laura; Alamar-Velazquez, Agustín
The aim of our study is to reflect hearing impairment of 23children diagnosed with mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) typeI, II, III and IV. Retrospective study of the clinical, audiological and treatment (medical vs surgical) findings of 23children diagnosed with MPS typeI, II, III or IV followed at a Tertiary Referral Hospital between 1997 and 2015. Six cases of MPSI, 8 of MPSII, 4 of MPSIII and 5 of MPSIV were reviewed. 71.2% of patients had secretory otitis media (SOM) and 54% of patients had some type of hearing loss (HL). The behaviour of hearing loss was variable in each of the subgroups of MPS, finding greater involvement and variability in typesI and II. Children with MPS have a high risk of hearing loss. A significant percentage of transmissive HL progressing to mixed or sensorineural HL was observed. This was more common in typesI and II. Periodic follow up of these patients is mandatory because of hearing impairment and consequences for their development and quality of life. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier España, S.L.U. and Sociedad Española de Otorrinolaringología y Cirugía de Cabeza y Cuello. All rights reserved.
Full Text Available Introduction Oculo-auriculo-vertebral spectrum, also referred to as Goldenhar syndrome, is a condition characterized by alterations involving the development of the structures of the first and second branchial arches. The abnormalities primarily affect the face, the eyes, the spine, and the ears, and the auricular abnormalities are associated with possible hearing loss. Objective To analyze the audiological findings of patients with oculo-auriculo-vertebral spectrum through liminal pure-tone audiometry and speech audiometry test. Methods Cross-sectional study conducted on 10 patients with oculo-auriculo-vertebral spectrum and clinical findings on at least two of the following areas: orocraniofacial, ocular, auricular, and vertebral. All patients underwent tonal and vocal hearing evaluations. Results Seven patients were male and three were female; all had ear abnormalities, and the right side was the most often affected. Conductive hearing loss was the most common (found in 10 ears, followed by sensorineural hearing loss (in five ears, with mixed hearing loss in only one ear. The impairment of the hearing loss ranged from mild to moderate, with one case of profound loss. Conclusions The results show a higher frequency of conductive hearing loss among individuals with the oculo-auriculo-vertebral spectrum phenotype, especially moderate loss affecting the right side. Furthermore, research in auditory thresholds in the oculo-auriculo-vertebral spectrum is important in speech therapy findings about the disease to facilitate early intervention for possible alterations.
Pikus, A T
The neurofibromatoses with two subclasses known as NF1 and NF2 are two genetically distinct, autosomal dominantly inherited conditions with significant ramifications in the human auditory system. NF1 is a multisystem progressive disorder that can frequently involve portions of the auditory system in diverse and subtle ways and in which no characteristic audiologic findings can be discerned. NF2 is characterized by the presence of bilateral vestibular schwannomas, sometimes associated with multiple intracranial and spinal tumors. In 43 children with NF1, significant auditory system involvement was found by pure-tone, immittance, and auditory brainstem response (ABR) evaluation. Indications are that audiologists need to contribute to the diagnosis and management in this condition. In 13 children with NF2, handicapping hearing loss was not the primary or usual presenting symptom. However, current findings suggest that ABR and acoustic reflex studies are always indicated in the pediatric NF2 population and are as valid and significant as in adults with NF2.
Ng, Stella L
The discipline of audiology has the opportunity to embark on research in education from an informed perspective, learning from professions that began this journey decades ago. The goal of this article is to position our discipline as a new member in the academic field of health professional education (HPE), with much to learn and contribute. In this article, I discuss the need for theory in informing HPE research. I also stress the importance of balancing our research goals by selecting appropriate methodologies for relevant research questions, to ensure that we respect the complexity of social processes inherent in HPE. Examples of relevant research questions are used to illustrate the need to consider alternative methodologies and to rethink the traditional hierarchy of evidence. I also provide an example of the thought processes and decisions that informed the design of an educational research study using a constructivist grounded theory methodology. As audiology enters the scholarly field of HPE, we need to arm ourselves with some of the knowledge and perspective that informs the field. Thus, we need to broaden our conceptions of what we consider to be appropriate styles of academic writing, relevant research questions, and valid evidence. Also, if we are to embark on qualitative inquiry into audiology education (or other audiology topics), we need to ensure that we conduct this research with an adequate understanding of the theories and methodologies informing such approaches. We must strive to conduct high quality, rigorous qualitative research more often than uninformed, generic qualitative research. These goals are imperative to the advancement of the theoretical landscape of audiology education and evolving the place of audiology in the field of HPE. American Academy of Audiology.
Huddle, Matthew G; Tirabassi, Amy; Turner, Laurie; Lee, Emily; Ries, Kathryn; Lin, Sandra Y
To apply Lean Sigma--a quality improvement strategy to eliminate waste and reduce variation and defects--to improve audiology scheduling and utilization in a large tertiary care referral center. The project goals included an increase in utilization rates of audiology block time and a reduction in appointment lead time. Prospective quality improvement study. Academic tertiary care center. All patients scheduling audiology clinic visits July 2013 to July 2014. Value stream mapping was performed for the audiology scheduling process, and wasteful steps were identified for elimination. Interventions included a 2-week block release, audiology template revision, and reduction of underutilized blocks. Schedule utilization and lead time for new patient diagnostic audiogram were measured for 5 months postintervention and compared with 5 months preintervention. Overall, 2995 preintervention and 3714 postintervention booked appointments were analyzed. Block utilization increased from 77% to 90% after intervention (P value units measured 13,321 preintervention and 14,778 postintervention (P = .09). Lean Sigma techniques were successfully used to increase appointment block utilization and streamline scheduling practices. © American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery Foundation 2016.
Vandana, V P; Bindu, Parayil Sankaran; Sonam, Kothari; Govindaraj, Periyasamy; Taly, Arun B; Gayathri, Narayanappa; Chiplunkar, Shwetha; Govindaraju, Chikkanna; Arvinda, H R; Nagappa, Madhu; Sinha, Sanjib; Thangaraj, Kumarasamy
Reports of audiological manifestations in specific subgroups of mitochondrial disorders are limited. This study aims to describe the audiological findings in patients with MELAS syndrome and m.3243A>G mutation. Audiological evaluation was carried out in eight patients with confirmed MELAS syndrome and m.3243A>G mutation. The evaluation included a complete neurological evaluation, pure tone audiometry (n=8), otoacoustic emissions (n=8) and brainstem evoked response audiometry (n=6), magnetic resonance imaging (n=8) and muscle biospy (n=6). Eight patients (Age range: 5-45 years; M:F-1:3) including six children and two adults underwent formal audiological evaluation. Five patients had hearing loss; of these two had "subclinical hearing loss", one had moderate and two had severe hearing loss. The abnormalities included abnormal audiometry (n=5), otoacoustic emission testing (n=7) and absent brainstem auditory evoked responses (n=1). The findings were suggestive of cochlear involvement in four and retrocochlear in one. This study shows that hearing loss of both cochlear and retrocochlear origin occurs in patients with MELAS and may be subclinical. Early referrals for audiological evaluation is warranted to recognize the subclinical hearing loss in these patients. The therapeutic implications include early interventions in the form of hearing aids, cochlear implants and cautioning the physicians for avoidance of aminoglycosides. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Liberman, Patricia Helena Pecora; Goffi-Gomez, Maria Valéria Schmidt; Schultz, Christiane; Novaes, Paulo Eduardo; Lopes, Luiz Fernando
To characterize the hearing loss after cancer treatment, according to the type of treatment, with identification of predictive factors. Two hundred patients who had cancer in childhood were prospectively evaluated. The mean age at diagnosis was 6 years, and at the audiometric assessment, 21 years. The treatment of the participants included chemotherapy without using platinum derivatives or head and neck radiotherapy in 51 patients; chemotherapy using cisplatin without radiotherapy in 64 patients; head and neck radiotherapy without cisplatin in 75 patients; and a combined treatment of head and neck radiotherapy and chemotherapy with cisplatin in ten patients. Patients underwent audiological assessment, including pure tone audiometry, speech audiometry, and immittancemetry. The treatment involving chemotherapy with cisplatin caused 41.9% and 47.3% hearing loss in the right and left ear, respectively, with a 11.7-fold higher risk of hearing loss in the right ear and 17.6-fold higher in the left ear versus patients not treated with cisplatin (p<0.001 and p<0.001, respectively). Children whose cancer diagnosis occurred after the age of 6 have shown an increased risk of hearing loss vs. children whose diagnosis occurred under 6 years of age (p=0.02). The auditory feature found after the cancer treatment was a symmetrical bilateral sensorineural hearing loss. Chemotherapy with cisplatin proved to be a risk factor, while head and neck radiotherapy was not critical for the occurrence of hearing loss. Copyright © 2016 Associação Brasileira de Otorrinolaringologia e Cirurgia Cérvico-Facial. Published by Elsevier Editora Ltda. All rights reserved.
Duran, N; Buckley, C E; Ng, M L
No core list of periodicals exists for speech pathology and audiology. Faced with the prospect of having to cancer periodicals for all subjects, the science librarians at Illinois State University decided to determine which science periodicals were used most heavily. A one-year study of science periodical reshelving and interlibrary loan requests yielded ranked lists of periodicals important to speech pathology and audiology faculty and students at Illinois State University. The three most heavily used journals were the Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, ASHA, and Topics in Language Disorders. Most of the periodicals on the lists were indexed by either MEDLINE or UnCover, or by both. While the lists of journals developed in the study are not sufficient to serve as true core lists, they should be useful to libraries supporting comparable programs in speech pathology and audiology. PMID:9431426
Tai, Samantha; Barr, Caitlin; Woodward-Kron, Robyn
Patient-centred communication (PCC) is an essential skill for effective healthcare provision and is accepted as a core competency in medicine and allied health. In audiology, recent studies have shown that audiologists rarely display PCC in adult hearing interactions. This highlights a need to investigate how PCC is taught and learnt in audiology. There is a paucity of studies on PCC in audiology education. The aim of this study is to examine educator perceptions of teaching PCC, including barriers and facilitators, in Australian graduate audiology programmes. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with audiology educators responsible for communication training. Interview transcripts were analysed using qualitative content analysis. Nine participants, including programme coordinators and key teaching staff from all six Australian audiology programmes participated in the study. PCC education was found to be influenced by four emerging themes: professional culture and values, contextual factors, knowledge and understanding of PCC and individual factors. These results provide an insight into the competing agendas involved in implementing PCC education in both the university and clinical component of audiology programmes. The findings can play a role in refining and building the evidence-base for teaching and facilitating patient-centred audiological care in future audiologists.
Zitelli, Lori; Palmer, Catherine V
Patients in the process of recovering from severe bodily injury will encounter several barriers to effective treatment. When present, untreated hearing loss can create additional obstacles in a process that is already difficult. This article describes an outpatient post-trauma clinic associated with a tertiary care hospital trauma unit that consolidates rehabilitation resources 2 weeks after inpatient discharge to help these patients on their path to recovery. The role of audiology in the interdisciplinary clinic is described and data related to services are presented. Some practical tips for implementation of audiologic services in this type of environment are provided.
The increasing number of older adults in society as well as changing consumer preference and health care delivery systems have led to more frequent activity of audiologists in the delivery of services in nursing homes. The nursing home setting presents a number of challenges for the audiologist. It is anticipated that this document will provide audiologists with a comprehensive hearing management protocol and facilitate audiologists to confront the numerous challenges of the nursing home setting and provide quality audiology services.
Mourtou, Eleni; Meis, Markus
This chapter provides background information for researchers who wish to become familiar with some basic medical and audiological aspects of hearing loss and the technology of hearing aids. It introduces (1) the disciplines involved in research on hearing loss, (2) the medical categories of hearing...
Verheij, E; Kist, A L; Mink van der Molen, A B|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/162536690; Stegeman, I; van Zanten, G A; Grolman, W; Thomeer, H G X M
Hearing loss is frequently present in the 22q11.2 deletion syndrome. Our aim was to describe the audiologic and otologic features of patients with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome. We conducted a retrospective cohort study in a single tertiary referral center. We reviewed medical files of all patients with
Ekberg, Katie; Grenness, Caitlin; Hickson, Louise
It has long been documented that patients may experience emotional reactions to a diagnosis of hearing impairment and recommendation of hearing aids. Because of this, patients may raise psychosocial concerns regarding their hearing rehabilitation during audiology appointments, particularly in relation to getting hearing aids. However, thus far there has been little systematic research exploring how patients' concerns about hearing aids are addressed by audiologists within appointments. This study used conversation analysis to examine a corpus of 63 video-recorded initial audiology appointments with older adults with hearing impairment. The findings demonstrated that when patients expressed concerns regarding hearing aids, these concerns were typically psychosocial in nature and expressed in a way that carried a negative emotional stance. These types of turns thus invited an empathic response. However, patients' concerns were not typically addressed by audiologists during the appointment. As a consequence, patients persistently re-raised their concerns in subsequent turns, leading to expanded sequences of interaction during the management phase of the appointment. Older adults' psychosocial concerns regarding hearing aids may not always be sufficiently addressed within audiology appointments. A greater emphasis on emotionally focused communication within audiology could result in improved outcomes from hearing health care services.
Iliadou, Vasiliki Vivian; Chermak, Gail D; Bamiou, Doris-Eva
According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition, diagnosis of speech sound disorder (SSD) requires a determination that it is not the result of other congenital or acquired conditions, including hearing loss or neurological conditions that may present with similar symptomatology. To examine peripheral and central auditory function for the purpose of determining whether a peripheral or central auditory disorder was an underlying factor or contributed to the child's SSD. Central auditory processing disorder clinic pediatric case reports. Three clinical cases are reviewed of children with diagnosed SSD who were referred for audiological evaluation by their speech-language pathologists as a result of slower than expected progress in therapy. Audiological testing revealed auditory deficits involving peripheral auditory function or the central auditory nervous system. These cases demonstrate the importance of increasing awareness among professionals of the need to fully evaluate the auditory system to identify auditory deficits that could contribute to a patient's speech sound (phonological) disorder. Audiological assessment in cases of suspected SSD should not be limited to pure-tone audiometry given its limitations in revealing the full range of peripheral and central auditory deficits, deficits which can compromise treatment of SSD. American Academy of Audiology.
Stewart, Joseph L.
Two groups of hard of hearing children entered educational audiology programs between the ages of 6 to 42 months. Of these, 12 children in a unisensory program (U-) and 16 in a multisensory program (M-) were evaluated for speech and language development after they had reached their fifth birthdays. Children in the experimental U-group were first…
Kinoshita, Sérgio Koodi
Full Text Available Introduction: The military police are a population exposed to noise impact due to training with firearms. Objective: To investigate the audiological profile of the military police in São Paulo state, and to correlate the age and duration of exposure and audiological findings. Method: In this study of case series, cross-sectional audiological evaluation was performed in 200 police officers being 169 (84.5% were male and 31 (15.5% females, aged between 25 and 45 years (mean 38.83 ± 5.05, average service time of 16.80 ± 6.27 years. Results: The main complains were: tinnitus (n=52/26%, hearing loss (n=36/18%, ear fullness (n=24/12% and autophonia (n=24/12%. Impedance were found in 100% of type A curves (JERGER, 1970, and recruitment was present in 20 (10% cases. According to the results of audiometry, the data showed that 54 (27% right ears and 56 (28% left ears had hearing loss. The degree of loss with higher prevalence was 1 and 2 (MERLUZZI et al., 1979, 85 (42.5% cases. There was significant correlation between age and exposure time with the worsening of audiometric thresholds in both ears. Conclusion: From the audiological data analysis was possible that the military police are a population that presents a risk to develop hearing loss. Thus, we see the need for implementation of hearing conservation program for the military police.
Çelikgün, Bahtiyar; Derinsu, Ufuk; Çiprut, A Ayça; Torun, Merve; Kalcıoğlu, M Tayyar
Theses are the prime indicators of the scientific productivity of a country and one of the main and strongest resources for the emergence of scientific articles. This study aims to examine, by using the survey method, how many of the audiology master and/or doctoral theses in Turkey were turned into a scientific work. Individuals who received a master's degree in audiology were surveyed whether their theses had been reviewed as a paper or publication. Forty-five of the 230 audiology specialists and 22 audiologists with a doctorate degree working in Turkey participated in the study by answering the survey questions. In general, while 45.4% of master theses were presented orally or as a poster presentation in a national convention, 20.4% were presented orally or as a poster presentation in an international convention. While 18.1% of theses were published as an article in a national journal, 15.9% were published as an article in an international SCI or SCI-E journal. The distribution of the doctoral theses is 26.6%, 33.3%, 13.3% and 26.6%, respectively. We found the rate of theses in audiology turning into a scientific article to be below the desired level, as in other fields. The reasons for this should be emphasized and efforts should be made to raise these rates to the desired level.
Hughes, Jane; Wilson, Wayne J; MacBean, Naomi; Hill, Anne E
To develop a tool for assessing audiology students taking a case history and giving feedback with simulated patients (SP). Single observation, single group design. Twenty-four first-year audiology students, five simulated patients, two clinical educators, and three evaluators. The Audiology Simulated Patient Interview Rating Scale (ASPIRS) was developed consisting of six items assessing specific clinical skills, non-verbal communication, verbal communication, interpersonal skills, interviewing skills, and professional practice skills. These items are applied once for taking a case history and again for giving feedback. The ASPIRS showed very high internal consistency (α = 0.91-0.97; mean inter-item r = 0.64-0.85) and fair-to-moderate agreement between evaluators (29.2-54.2% exact and 79.2-100% near agreement; κweighted up to 0.60). It also showed fair-to-moderate absolute agreement amongst evaluators for single evaluator scores (intraclass correlation coefficient [ICC] r = 0.35-0.59) and substantial consistency of agreement amongst evaluators for three-evaluator averaged scores (ICC r = 0.62-0.81). Factor analysis showed the ASPIRS' 12 items fell into two components, one containing all feedback items and one containing all case history items. The ASPIRS shows promise as the first published tool for assessing audiology students taking a case history and giving feedback with an SP.
Marrone, Nicole; Ingram, Maia; Somoza, Maria; Jacob, Daisey Sánchez; Sanchez, Adriana; Adamovich, Stephanie; Harris, Frances P
Interventional audiology, specifically community-based outreach, can connect people with the hearing health care system. Community-based participatory research methods were applied in two phases of research to: (1) investigate the needs of families affected by hearing loss in a rural Arizona community on the U.S.-Mexico border; and (2) evaluate an outreach program on hearing health. The needs assessment included interviews with persons with hearing loss and focus groups with family members and the greater community. The needs assessment revealed that despite perceived severity of hearing loss, help-seeking for audiologic care was limited due to barriers, stigma, and low self-efficacy. Results informed development of a community-based pilot study conducted as part of an academic-community partnership between audiology, public health, and community health workers of a federally qualified health center. An outreach program, Oyendo Bien (hearing wellness), a 5-week, Spanish-language health education program for older adults (n = 21) incorporated communication strategies and behavioral change techniques. Postprogram focus groups revealed increased self-efficacy and decreased stigma. After 1 year, 7 of 9 participants with hearing loss contacted for follow-up had sought some form of hearing-related health care. Future research should further investigate interventional audiology approaches to address health disparities.
Watermeyer, Jennifer; Kanji, Amisha; Mlambo, Nelisiwe
Patient recall and understanding of information provided during feedback sessions may impact on adherence to treatment recommendations and may be affected by the audiologist's information giving style. This study examined patients' recall and understanding of diagnostic audiological information provided in a feedback session after an initial assessment. An exploratory, qualitative research design was used and involved: (1) observation of audiological assessments; (2) video recording of feedback sessions between audiologists and patients; (3) audio recorded semi-structured interviews with participants. Transcription-less analysis was used for the videoed interactions and content analysis for the interviews. Participants included five adult second-language English speaking patients and five audiologists at an audiology clinic. Patients correctly recalled and understood diagnoses and recommendations but struggled to recall other information provided. There appeared to be a mismatch between the information audiologists deemed important, versus what patients actually recalled and understood. Both facilitatory and inhibitory information giving strategies were used by audiologists in feedback sessions. This study suggests the need for a greater focus on communication skills training in the audiology curriculum with particular attention paid to information giving strategies and patient-centredness. Implications for teaching and practice are discussed.
Stone, Larissa; Pellowski, Mark W.
This investigation assessed the factors affecting career choice among 474 current undergraduate and graduate speech-language pathology and audiology students (from four universities). A 14-item questionnaire was developed that included questions related to general influence of career choice and whether or not the participants had previously been,…
Full Text Available Abstract Background In the UK, audiology services deliver the majority of tinnitus patient care, but not all patients experience the same level of service. In 2009, the Department of Health released a Good Practice Guide to inform commissioners about key aspects of a quality tinnitus service in order to promote equity of tinnitus patient care in UK primary care, audiology, and in specialist multi-disciplinary centres. The purpose of the present research was to evaluate utilisation and opinions on pathways for the referral of tinnitus patients to and from English Audiology Departments. Methods We surveyed all audiology staff engaged in providing tinnitus services across England. A 36-item questionnaire was mailed to 351 clinicians in all 163 National Health Service (NHS Trusts identified as having a tinnitus service. 138 clinicians responded. The results presented here describe experiences and opinions of the current patient pathways to and from the audiology tinnitus service. Results The most common referral pathway was from general practice to a hospital-based Ear, Nose & Throat department and from there to a hospital-based audiology department (64%. Respondents considered the NHS tinnitus referral process to be generally effective (67%, but expressed needs for improving GP referral and patients' access to services. 'Open access' to the audiology clinic was rarely an option for patients (9%, nor was the opportunity to access specialist counselling provided by clinical psychology (35%. To decrease the number of inappropriate referrals, 40% of respondents called for greater awareness by referrers about the audiology tinnitus service. Conclusions Respondents in the present survey were generally satisfied with the tinnitus referral system. However, they highlighted some potential targets for service improvement including 1] faster and more appropriate referral from GPs, to be achieved through education on tinnitus referral criteria, 2] improved
Full Text Available Cortical deafness occurs following lesions of the Heshcl′s gyri or the subcortical auditory pathways. Stroke is the commonest etiology. The clinical, audiological, electrophysiological and radiological observations of a patient with cortical deafness secondary to ischemic stroke involving bilateral Heschl′s gyri, with long term follow up is being reported. He had profound degree of hearing loss, poor auditory verbal comprehension, poor auditory repetition, inability to take dictation and poor response to other non-linguistic sounds despite having adequate hearing assessed by objective audiological tests. He was advised to adopt speech reading techniques and resort to gestural and written modalities to augment his communication skills. He has shown only a marginal improvement over the last six years.
Full Text Available Objective: OAE an audiologic study for diagnosis of exteracochlear auditory neuropathy. Method & Material: Immitance audiometry, OAE and ABR and rehabilitation Intervention was performed for 3 children suffered from kernictrus. Conclusion: 1 OAE in the from of screening, distorted product and transient evoked-otoacoustic emission has to be added to our audiology test battery. 2 OAE studies have their own merit when we are clinically involved with the diagnosis of especial clinical entities like neonatal hypoxia, kernicterus, multiple sclerosis, meningitides and meningoencephalitis. 3 Case selection for cochlear implantation needs a knowledge of patients OAE results. 4 In the case of intracerebral auditory neuropathy the need for other rehabilitative measures will be better understood.
Kim, Gungu; Kim, Gibbeum; Na, Wondo; Han, Woojae
This brief communication introduced a systematic way to find a professional audiology clinic developed for patients and professionals by the American Academy of Audiology, American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, and Healthy Hearing. Patients can access each organization's website to find professionals and/or clinics based on criteria such as location, hours, special areas, types of service, reviews and rating by previous patients, and kinds of insurance accepted. Such a system may protect the patients from information overload, guarantee accurate information, and help them find themselves professional audiologists who can assist them. We expect professional organizations to adopt this system as soon as possible and link hearing-impaired patients with professional audiologists in Korea.
Seyed Mahmoud Latifi
Full Text Available Background and Aim: Providing high quality health care is not possible without information related to the past and current condition of the patient. Records show which services, where, when and by whom was delivered. Documentation is referred to the process of precisely recording the information regarding patient care and treatment. The purpose of this study is to determine the essential data set required in audiology record keeping and designing a model for Iran.Methods: In an applied research of a descriptive-comparative type which was carried out in 2010, data elements of audiology records of domestic and foreign patient notes were used to compile a check list which was subjected to debate by Iranian audiologists in Delphi method. 110 audiologists and 17 faculty members responded to the opinion poll.Results: From 51 elements which were subjected to discussion, 37 elements by more than 75 percent of the participants, nine elements by 50 to 75 percent of the participants and five elements by less than 50 percent of the participants, were agreed upon. The only element to be considered more important by faculty members than audiologists was "Gender" (p=0.018. Seventy percent of the participants valued the effectiveness of information in patient records very high.Conclusion: The minimum data set for audiology records must include demographic information, past medical history, patient assessment and treatment plan. With reference to record design principles this information was used to develop amodel for patient audiology record which also included the necessary instructions for completing it.
Gaw?cki, Wojciech; Stieler, Olgierd Maciej; Balcerowiak, Andrzej; Komar, Dariusz; Gibasiewicz, Renata; Karlik, Micha?; Szyfter-Harris, Joanna; Wr?bel, Maciej
Bone-anchored hearing aids are well-established solutions for treatment of hearing-impaired patients. However, classical systems with percutaneous abutments have disadvantages concerning aesthetics, hygiene and adverse soft tissue reactions. The study aimed to evaluate surgical, functional and audiological results of a new Baha? Attract system, in which the sound processor is attached by magnetic force. Twenty patients implanted with a Baha? Attract system were divided into two groups: A?bila...
Full Text Available Background: To counter the global increase in infection-related deaths, infection control has recently developed into an active area of research. Many diseases can be prevented by infection control. In the confines of the audiology clinic, cross-contamination by micro-organisms associated with opportunistic infections remains a real concern.Objective: The primary aim of the study was to ascertain the methods that audiologists in South Africa use to prevent and control the spread of infections during and after consultation with clients.Method: A survey study was conducted, using a self-administered questionnaire. Fifty currently practising audiologists participated in the study.Results: The majority (84%; n = 42 of respondents acknowledged the importance of hand hygiene for the purpose of infection control, with 76% (n = 38 making use of no-rinse hand sanitisers. Approximately a third of audiologists wear gloves during procedures such as otoscopy and immittance, and while handling hearing aids. Disinfecting audiological equipment seem to be the preferred choice of infection control, with only 60% (n = 30 of respondents sterilising audiological equipment after each individual patient consultation. Less than half of the respondents disinfected touch surfaces and toys in the reception area.Conclusions: Based on the results, further education and training should focus on measures implemented in infection control, awareness of possible risk factors at work settings, and vaccination as an effective means of infection control.
Weir, Forest W; Kreicher, Kathryn L; Hatch, Jonathan L; Nguyen, Shaun A; Meyer, Ted A
The focus of this study was to evaluate the prevalence, type, and severity of hearing impairment in patients with Duane's Retraction Syndrome and to relate these measures to patient demographics and other otologic and audiologic factors. Retrospective AudGen Database analysis Tertiary academic referral center Pediatric patients in AudGenDB with a diagnosis of Duane's Retraction Syndrome (DRS). Appropriate audiologic, otologic, and demographic data were recorded. Seventy-nine patients (n = 79) met inclusion criteria. The first encounter with available audiometric data or the first encounter with hearing loss were documented. Audiograms were stratified by type and severity of hearing loss, and common associated medical issues were documented. 57 children had normal hearing; 22 had hearing loss. 9 ears had pure conductive hearing loss, 1 had pure sensorineural, 14 ears had components of both, and 79 had hearing loss that could not be specified. Multivariate regression revealed episodes of chronic otitis and craniofacial anomalies are associated with worse hearing loss. This study presents a detailed characterization of hearing loss in patients with Duane's retraction syndrome. Conductive and sensorineural hearing loss are both prevalent among these children. Careful and early audiologic evaluation of all patients with DRS is important. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Coco, Laura; Colina, Sonia; Atcherson, Samuel R; Marrone, Nicole
The purpose of this study was to examine the readability level of the Spanish versions of several audiology- and otolaryngology-related patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) and include a readability analysis of 2 translation approaches when available-the published version and a "functionalist" version-using a team-based collaborative approach including community members. Readability levels were calculated using the Fry Graph adapted for Spanish, as well as the Fernandez-Huerta and the Spaulding formulae for several commonly used audiology- and otolaryngology-related PROMs. Readability calculations agreed with previous studies analyzing audiology-related PROMs in English and demonstrated many Spanish-language PROMs were beyond the 5th grade reading level suggested for health-related materials written for the average population. In addition, the functionalist versions of the PROMs yielded lower grade-level (improved) readability levels than the published versions. Our results suggest many of the Spanish-language PROMs evaluated here are beyond the recommended readability levels and may be influenced by the approach to translation. Moreover, improved readability may be possible using a functionalist approach to translation. Future analysis of the suitability of outcome measures and the quality of their translations should move beyond readability and include an evaluation of the individual's comprehension of the written text.
Full Text Available Background: In future, the South African Department of Health aims to purchase services from accredited private service providers. Successful private audiology practices can assist to address issues of access, equity and quality of health services. It is not sufficient to be an excellent clinician, since audiology practices are businesses that must also be managed effectively.Objective: The objective was to determine the existing and required levels of practice management knowledge as perceived by South African audiologists. Method: An electronic descriptive survey was used to investigate audiology practice management amongst South African audiologists. A total of 147 respondents completed the survey. Results were analysed by calculating descriptive statistics. The Z-proportional test was used to identify significant differences between existing and required levels of practice management knowledge. Results: Significant differences were found between existing and required levels of knowledge regarding all eight practice management tasks, particularly legal and ethical issues and marketing and accounting. There were small differences in the knowledge required for practice management tasks amongst respondents working in public and private settings. Conclusion: Irrespective of their work context, respondents showed that they need significant expansion of practice management knowledge in order to be successful, to compete effectively and to make sense of a complex marketplace.
Santos, Andréia Cristina Muznlinger dos; Borrego, Maria Cristina de Menezes; Behlau, Mara
To verify the effect of two approaches of vocal training in Speech Language Pathology and Audiology students, a direct and an indirect approach. Participants were 25 female Speech Language Pathology and Audiology students divided into two groups: direct training with vocal exercises, DTG (n=13); and indirect training with vocal orientations, ITG (n=12). The training sessions were conducted by the same speech language pathologist in six weekly sessions of 30 minutes. Both groups underwent multidimensional voice assessment, pre- and post-training: vocal self-assessment; Vocal Symptoms Scale (VSS); auditory perceptual analysis of sustained vowel and connected speech; acoustic analysis of voice through the Vocal Range Profile (VRP) and Speech Range Profile (SRP); and Group Climate Questionnaire, only at the end of training. The DTG showed changes in auditory perceptual analysis of vowel, which was less diverted after training; and expansion of the voice range in the VRP and SRP, which proves best vocal performance. However, the ITG showed no changes in any of the parameters evaluated. In Group Climate, the ITG obtained the highest conflict score in comparison to the DTG, probably because the indirect approach did not favor exchange in the group and did not allow a better quality interaction. The direct approach provided greater benefits to students than the indirect approach, with significant change in voice quality, and can serve as inspiration to Speech Language Pathology and Audiology courses to prevent dysphonia.
Dinsmore, Brooke Freeman; Bohnert, Carrie; Preminger, Jill E
While accrediting organizations require AuD programs to provide evidence that their students are able to demonstrate knowledge and competencies in specific content areas, there are no generally accepted mechanisms for the assessment and the measurement of these proficiencies. We propose that AuD programs consider developing standardized patient (SP) cases in order to develop consistent summative assessment programs within and across universities. The purpose of this article is to provide a framework for establishing SP programs to evaluate competencies in AuD students by detailing the history of SP cases and their use, developing a rationale for this method of assessment, and outlining the steps for writing and implementing SP cases. Literature review. SPs have been used to assess clinical competence in medical students for over 50 yr. The prevalence of SP assessment in allied health professions (e.g., dentistry, psychology, pharmacy) has increased over the last two decades but has only gained a limited following in audiology. SP assessment has been implemented in medical education using the Objective Structured Clinical Examination, a multistation, timed exam that uses fictional cases to assess students' clinical abilities. To date, only one published report has been completed that evaluates the use of SPs to assess clinical abilities in audiology students. This article expands upon the work of English et al (2007) and their efforts to use SPs to evaluate counseling abilities. To this end, we describe the steps necessary to write a case, procedures to determine performance requirements, and the need to develop remediation plans. As an example, we include a case that we have developed in order to evaluate vestibular assessment and patient communication skills. Utilizing SP assessment in audiology education would provide useful means to evaluate competence in a uniform way. Future research is necessary to develop reliable and valid cases that may be implemented
Full Text Available Background: Accurate diagnosis and management of hearing loss (HL is based on valid and accurate ear-specific and frequency-specific information. This is especially relevant as non-optimal hearing amplification as part of early hearing detection and intervention programmes may result in further delays in the speech and language development of children with HL. Audiological measures utilised may vary according to the age, cognitive ability and physical ability of the infant or child. It is therefore important to compare and critically evaluate current clinical practice in order to recommend guidelines for paediatric audiology in South Africa.Objectives: To determine the availability of audiological equipment and clinical protocols used by audiologists in Gauteng for paediatric audiological assessment and hearing aid (HA fitting.Method: A descriptive, cross-sectional survey research design was utilised to describe the availability of clinical audiological equipment and protocols used by audiologists in Gauteng, South Africa for paediatric assessment and HA fitting. Eighteen audiology departments, eleven public hospitals and seven private practices were included in the study.Results: Results revealed the limited availability of departmental protocols within departments for paediatric assessment and HA fitting. Although there appeared to be a wide variety of equipment available to audiologists in public sector hospitals and private practice, a lack of high-frequency tympanometers and equipment for real ear measurements was revealed.Conclusion: These findings highlight the need for the development and use of current, evidence-based practice guidelines for paediatric audiological assessment and HA fitting in South Africa. These guidelines should include a list of essential equipment required for paediatric assessment and HA fitting. Current, evidence-based practice guidelines for paediatric HA fitting are important in ensuring that secondary
Moodie, Sheila; Rall, Eileen; Eiten, Leisha; Lindley, George; Gordey, Dave; Davidson, Lisa; Bagatto, Marlene; Scollie, Susan
There is broad consensus that screening and diagnosis of permanent hearing loss in children must be embedded within a comprehensive, evidence-based, family-centered intervention program. Clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) for pediatric hearing assessment and hearing aid verification aim to reduce variability in practice and increase the use of effective evidence-based diagnostic and treatment options so that optimal outcomes may be achieved. To be of value, guidelines must be translated and implemented into practice and ongoing monitoring of their use in practice should occur. This paper provides the results of two studies that aim to examine current pediatric audiology and amplification practice in North America. A concurrent embedded mixed methods design was used. An electronic survey was distributed to North American audiologists who delivered pediatric audiology services with 350 audiologists participating in study 1 and 63 audiologists participating in study 2. A quantitative approach was the predominant method of data collection. Respondents were prompted to provide additional qualitative text and detail regarding their quantitative response choice. This qualitative text was used during the analysis phase and combined with quantitative results to assist understanding of respondents' knowledge, skills, and barriers/facilitators to implement best practice in pediatric amplification. Approximately 70% of audiologists reported using best-practice protocols for pediatric hearing aid fitting. Despite widespread knowledge and increased use of CPGs over the last 18 yrs, results of these studies show that variation in practice patterns continue to exist. Several examples of implementation challenges are discussed with recommendations provided. In order for audiologists working with children who are deaf or hard of hearing and their families to achieve the principles of family-centered early intervention, practice guidelines must continue to be developed, disseminated
Ng, Stella L; Bartlett, Doreen J; Lucy, S Deborah
Discussions about professional behaviors are growing increasingly prevalent across health professions, especially as a central component to education programs. A strong critical thinking disposition, paired with critical consciousness, may provide future health professionals with a foundation for solving challenging practice problems through the application of sound technical skill and scientific knowledge without sacrificing sensitive, empathic, client-centered practice. In this article, we describe an approach to monitoring student development of critical thinking dispositions and key professional behaviors as a way to inform faculty members' and clinical supervisors' support of students and ongoing curriculum development. We designed this exploratory study to describe the trajectory of change for a cohort of audiology students' critical thinking dispositions (measured by the California Critical Thinking Disposition Inventory: [CCTDI]) and professional behaviors (using the Comprehensive Professional Behaviors Development Log-Audiology [CPBDL-A]) in an audiology program. Implications for the CCTDI and CPBDL-A in audiology entry-to-practice curricula and professional development will be discussed. This exploratory study involved a cohort of audiology students, studied over a two-year period, using a one-group repeated measures design. Eighteen audiology students (two male and 16 female), began the study. At the third and final data collection point, 15 students completed the CCTDI, and nine students completed the CPBDL-A. The CCTDI and CPBDL-A were each completed at three time points: at the beginning, at the middle, and near the end of the audiology education program. Data are presented descriptively in box plots to examine the trends of development for each critical thinking disposition dimension and each key professional behavior as well as for an overall critical thinking disposition score. For the CCTDI, there was a general downward trend from time point 1 to
Gawęcki, Wojciech; Stieler, Olgierd Maciej; Balcerowiak, Andrzej; Komar, Dariusz; Gibasiewicz, Renata; Karlik, Michał; Szyfter-Harris, Joanna; Wróbel, Maciej
Bone-anchored hearing aids are well-established solutions for treatment of hearing-impaired patients. However, classical systems with percutaneous abutments have disadvantages concerning aesthetics, hygiene and adverse soft tissue reactions. The study aimed to evaluate surgical, functional and audiological results of a new Baha(®) Attract system, in which the sound processor is attached by magnetic force. Twenty patients implanted with a Baha(®) Attract system were divided into two groups: A-bilateral mixed and conductive hearing loss, B-single-sided deafness, and evaluated during a 6-month follow-up. Parameters analysed comprised: (1) surgery and wound healing, (2) postoperative functional results (GBI, APHAB and BAHU questionnaires), (3) audiological results (free field speech in noise audiometry in two situations: with signal from implant side and from contralateral side). Obtained results revealed: mean time of surgery-44 min, soft tissue reduction-30 %, bone polishing-20 %, haematoma-10 %. Functional results showed: GBI total score-29.6 points, APHAB global score mean gain-23.5 %, BAHU 'good or very good' score for: aesthetic-85 %, hygiene-100 %, ease of placing the processor-100 %, stability of attraction-75 %. Audiological results-mean gain for the two analysed situations: 32.9 % (group A-36.5 %, group B-27.5 %). To conclude, the data obtained prove the safety and effectiveness of the Baha(®) Attract system in patients with conductive and mixed hearing loss as well as in patients with single-sided deafness. Cosmetic aspects are highly acceptable and the idea of Attract itself is important for patients with limited manual dexterity.
Shin, Joong-Wook; Kim, Sung Huhn; Choi, Jae Young; Park, Hong-Joon; Lee, Seung-Chul; Choi, Jee-Sun; Park, Han Q; Lee, Ho-Ki
Objectives Bone-anchored hearing aids (BAHA) occasionally cause soft tissue problems due to abutment. Because Sophono does not have abutment penetrating skin, it is thought that Sophono has no soft tissue problem relating to abutment. On the other hand, transcutaneous device’s output is reported to be 10 to 15 dB lower than percutaneous device. Therefore, in this study, Sophono and BAHA were compared to each other from surgical and audiological points of view. Methods We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 9 Sophono patients and 10 BAHA patients. In BAHA cases, single vertical incision without skin thinning technique was done. We compared Sophono to BAHA by operation time, wound healing time, postoperative complications, postoperative hearing gain after switch on, and postoperative air-bone gap. Results The mean operation time was 60 minutes for Sophono and 25 minutes for BAHA. The wound healing time was 14 days for Sophono and 28 days for BAHA. No major intraoperative complication was observed. Skin problem was not observed in the 2 devices for the follow-up period. Postoperative hearing gain of bilateral aural atresia patients was 39.4 dB for BAHA (n=4) and 25.5 dB for Sophono (n=5). However, the difference was not statistically significant. In all patients included in this study, the difference of air-bone gap between two groups was 16.6 dB at 0.5 kHz and 18.2 dB at 4 kHz. BAHA was statistically significantly better than Sophono. Conclusion Considering the audiologic outcome, BAHA users were thought to have more audiologic benefit than Sophono users. However, Sophono had advantages over BAHA with abutment in cosmetic outcome. Sophono needed no daily skin maintenance and soft tissue complication due to abutment would not happen in Sophono. Therefore, a full explanation about each device is necessary before deciding implantation. PMID:26976022
Full Text Available Abstract The early identification of pre-lingual deafness is necessary to minimize the consequences of hearing impairment on the future communication skills of a baby. According to the most recent international guidelines the deafness diagnosis must occur before the age of three months and the prosthetic-rehabilitative treatment with a traditional hearing aid should start within the first six months. When a Cochlear implant becomes necessary, the treatment should start between the age of 12 months and 18 months. The only way to diagnose the problem early is the implementation of universal neonatal audiological screening programs. Transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAE is the most adequate test because it's accurate, economic and of simple execution. Automatic auditory brainstem response (AABR is necessary to identify patients with auditory neuropathy but it is also important to reduce the number of false-positives.The 20-30% of infant hearing impairment is represented by progressive or late-onset hearing loss (HL so it's also necessary to establish an audiological follow up program, especially in infants at risk. From November 2005 all neonates born in the University hospital of Pisa undergo newborn hearing screening. From 2008 the screening program follows the guidelines for the execution of the audiological screening in Tuscany which have been formulated by our group according to the 2007 JCIH Position Statement and adaptated to our regional reality by a multidisciplinary effort. From November 2005 to April 2009 8113 neonates born in the Neonatal Unit of Santa Chiara Hospital (Pisa have undergone newborn hearing screening. 7621 neonates (93.9% without risk factors executed only the TEOAE test. 492 (6.1% neonates had audiological risk factors and thus underwent TEOAE and AABR. 84 patients (1,04% failed both TEOAE and AABR tests. 78 of them underwent further investigations. 44 patients resulted falsepositives (the 0,54% of the screened
Full Text Available Background: The burden of hearing loss is on the increase, especially in low-income countries such as South Africa. The need for urgent action to prevent ear and hearing problems is a priority, especially as in many cases permanent hearing loss is preventable. In South Africa, as in other developing countries, there is a limited number of hearing health professionals and audiological resources. The lack of hearing health services may impact the general public’s awareness of hearing and hearing health. Limited information is available on the South African public’s knowledge of audiologists and the services they provide, especially in underserved rural communities.Aim: The aim of this study was to describe individuals’ awareness of the audiology profession, hearing and hearing loss, and hearing health in a rural area of the Limpopo Province.Method: A cross-sectional survey design was employed for the purpose of this study. Using a random sampling strategy, 297 households in four rural villages were selected and a selfdeveloped questionnaire was administered to one individual (18 years and older per household. The questionnaire consisted of 23 questions targeting awareness of the audiology profession, as well as knowledge of hearing, hearing loss and hearing health.Results: Only 14% of participants were aware of the audiology profession, indicating that individuals living in rural communities are not aware of the role of audiologists and the services they provide. Doctors and nurses were identified by participants as the individuals who assist them with hearing-related problems. Although most participants (87% acknowledged that it is very important to undergo a hearing test, only 5% have previously visited an audiologist. Most participants were aware that ear infections and excessive noise exposure can cause hearing loss. The majority also believed that ears must be kept clean at all times and used cotton buds to maintain ear hygiene
Joubert, Karin; Sebothoma, Ben; Kgare, Khomotjo S
The burden of hearing loss is on the increase, especially in low-income countries such as South Africa. The need for urgent action to prevent ear and hearing problems is a priority, especially as in many cases permanent hearing loss is preventable. In South Africa, as in other developing countries, there is a limited number of hearing health professionals and audiological resources. The lack of hearing health services may impact the general public's awareness of hearing and hearing health. Limited information is available on the South African public's knowledge of audiologists and the services they provide, especially in underserved rural communities. The aim of this study was to describe individuals' awareness of the audiology profession, hearing and hearing loss, and hearing health in a rural area of the Limpopo Province. A cross-sectional survey design was employed for the purpose of this study. Using a random sampling strategy, 297 households in four rural villages were selected and a selfdeveloped questionnaire was administered to one individual (18 years and older) per household. The questionnaire consisted of 23 questions targeting awareness of the audiology profession, as well as knowledge of hearing, hearing loss and hearing health. Only 14% of participants were aware of the audiology profession, indicating that individuals living in rural communities are not aware of the role of audiologists and the services they provide. Doctors and nurses were identified by participants as the individuals who assist them with hearing-related problems. Although most participants (87%) acknowledged that it is very important to undergo a hearing test, only 5% have previously visited an audiologist. Most participants were aware that ear infections and excessive noise exposure can cause hearing loss. The majority also believed that ears must be kept clean at all times and used cotton buds to maintain ear hygiene. There is a general lack of public awareness of audiologists
Full Text Available Background and Aim: Internal Evaluation means assessment of abilities and potentials. To promote the quality of education, research, health and finally rehabilitation is one of the most important roles and responsibilities of the universities. Promotion of quality of the theoretical and practical education for the Audiology students provides this major with its final goal that is to serve society. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the strength, weaknesses, opportunities and threats (SWOTs of the Audiology department and to identify the ways of diminishing weaknesses and threats. Materials and Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted on undergraduates, postgraduates, graduates, academic staff, and the director of Audiology department in 9 areas, including management flowchart, educational programs, instructional methods and curriculum models, students, educational areas and equipments, graduate, academic staff, research, and treatment. Data were collected by questionnaires. Results were analyzed descriptively and were expressed in raw and percentage. Results: The scores of areas in two measures were as follows: management flowchart 4.36 (87.31%, educational programs 4.17 (83.58%, instructional methods and curriculum models 4.01 (80.26%, students 3.43 (68.60%, educational areas and equipment 3.60 (72.11%, from the view of undergraduates, post graduates, faculties, graduates 3.60 (72.03%, academic staff 4.03 (80.6%, research 3.52 (70.4%, and treatment 4.54 (90.80%. The highest score was, therefore, of the treatment area and the lowest belonged to the educational area and equipments. The score of the Audiology department, as the main factor was 3.89 out of 5 which was 77.88%.Conclusion: Audiology group total score indicates the desirable status that can be promoted to the most desirable if SWOTs are considered.
Lindau, Tâmara Andrade
Full Text Available Introduction Branchio-oto-renal (BOR syndrome is an autosomal-dominant genetic condition with high penetrance and variable expressivity, with an estimated prevalence of 1 in 40,000. Approximately 40% of the patients with the syndrome have mutations in the gene EYA1, located at chromosomal region 8q13.3, and 5% have mutations in the gene SIX5 in chromosome region 19q13. The phenotype of this syndrome is characterized by preauricular fistulas; structural malformations of the external, middle, and inner ears; branchial fistulas; renal disorders; cleft palate; and variable type and degree of hearing loss. Aim Hearing loss is part of BOR syndrome phenotype. The aim of this study was to present a literature review on the anatomical aspects and audiological profile of BOR syndrome. Data Synthesis Thirty-four studies were selected for analysis. Some aspects when specifying the phenotype of BOR syndrome are controversial, especially those issues related to the audiological profile in which there was variability on auditory standard, hearing loss progression, and type and degree of the hearing loss. Mixed loss was the most common type of hearing loss among the studies; however, there was no consensus among studies regarding the degree of the hearing loss.
Andersson, Gerhard; Willebrand, Mimmie
The term 'coping' is increasingly used in audiology, in particular by researchers and clinicians interested in the psychosocial aspects of hearing disorders. Coping has been defined as the process of managing demands (external or internal) that are appraised as taxing or exceeding the resources of the person. It is seen as a process involving at least two stages: primary appraisal (is this something to bother about?), and secondary appraisal (what can I do about it?). It is proposed to serve two distinct purposes: to do away with the problem (i.e. problem-focused coping), and to regulate emotional reactions (emotion-focused coping). The following observations are made: (1) there is a lack of correspondence between what people in general mean by coping and how the concept is used in research; (2) coping is most often measured by checklists with questionable validity; (3) the outcome of using different coping strategies is largely unexplored; and (4) what is regarded as coping in some circumstances (e.g. telling about your hearing impairment) can become a problem in another situation, or even the same situation (e.g. stigma). Finally, some recommendations regarding the future use of the coping construct in audiology are made.
Ekberg, Katie; Barr, Caitlin; Hickson, Louise
Financial cost is a barrier for many older adults in their decision to obtain hearing aids (HAs). This study aimed to examine conversations about the cost of HAs in detail within initial audiology appointments. Sixty-two initial audiology appointments were video-recorded. The data were analysed using conversation analysis. Participants included 26 audiologists, 62 older adults and 17 companions. Audiologists and clients displayed interactional difficulty during conversations about cost. Clients often had emotional responses to the cost of HAs, which were not attended to by audiologists. It was typical for audiologists to present one HA cost option at a time, which led to multiple rejections from clients which made the interactions difficult. Alternatively, when audiologists offered multiple cost options at once this led to a smoother interaction. Audiologists and clients were observed to have difficulty talking about HA costs. Offering clients multiple HA cost options at the same time can engage clients in the decision-making process and lead to a smoother interaction between audiologist and client in the management phase of appointments.
Laplante-Lévesque, Ariane; Abrams, Harvey; Bülow, Maja; Lunner, Thomas; Nelson, John; Riis, Søren Kamaric; Vanpoucke, Filiep
This article describes the perspectives of hearing device manufacturers regarding the exciting developments that the Internet makes possible. Specifically, it proposes to join forces toward interoperability and standardization of Internet and audiology. A summary of why such a collaborative effort is required is provided from historical and scientific perspectives. A roadmap toward interoperability and standardization is proposed. Information and communication technologies improve the flow of health care data and pave the way to better health care. However, hearing-related products, features, and services are notoriously heterogeneous and incompatible with other health care systems (no interoperability). Standardization is the process of developing and implementing technical standards (e.g., Noah hearing database). All parties involved in interoperability and standardization realize mutual gains by making mutually consistent decisions. De jure (officially endorsed) standards can be developed in collaboration with large national health care systems as well as spokespeople for hearing care professionals and hearing device users. The roadmap covers mutual collaboration; data privacy, security, and ownership; compliance with current regulations; scalability and modularity; and the scope of interoperability and standards. We propose to join forces to pave the way to the interoperable Internet and audiology products, features, and services that the world needs.
Mohan, Haritha S; Anjum, Ayesha; Rao, Prema K S
Telepractice has emerged as a form of service delivery to assess and treat individuals with communication disorders. The present study surveyed speech-language pathologists and audiologists in India about the use of telepractice. Two hundred and five (N=205) speech-language pathologists and audiologists responded to a questionnaire, with 12.19% reporting their use of telepractice to deliver clinical services. Respondents also indicated an urgent shortage of professionals in India to deliver clinical services in speech-language pathology and audiology, and opined that these needs can be met via the use of telepractice. India is well known throughout the world for the advanced application of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), with 931.95 million telephone subscribers, over 900 million mobile phone users, and the second-largest mobile phone usage in the world. India has also experienced a tremendous rise in the number of internet users. Therefore, India is well poised to fully develop telepractice to overcome the barriers of distance and amplify the availability of speech-language pathology, audiology and other healthcare services. But first, the widespread use of telepractice throughout the nation will require an improved infrastructure (e.g., to uphold privacy and security); training for professionals; and telepractice policies. While very promising, the deployment of telepractice throughout India will require the attention of policy makers and government organizations.
Grenness, Caitlin; Hickson, Louise; Laplante-Lévesque, Ariane; Meyer, Carly; Davidson, Bronwyn
The nature of communication between patient and practitioner influences patient outcomes. Specifically, the history-taking phase of a consultation plays a role in the development of a relationship and in the success of subsequent shared decision making. There is limited research investigating patient-centered communication in audiology, and this study may be the first to investigate verbal communication in an adult audiologic rehabilitation context. This research aimed, first, to describe the nature of verbal communication involving audiologists, patients, and companions in the history-taking phase of initial audiology consultations and, second, to determine factors associated with communication dynamics. Sixty-three initial audiology consultations involving patients over the age of 55, their companions when present, and audiologists were audio-video recorded. Consultations were coded using the Roter Interaction Analysis System and divided into three consultation phases: history, examination, and counseling. This study analyzed only the history-taking phase in terms of opening structure, communication profiles of each speaker, and communication dynamics. Associations between communication dynamics (verbal dominance, content balance, and communication control) and 11 variables were evaluated using Linear Mixed Model methods. The mean length of the history-taking phase was 8.8 min (range 1.7 to 22.6). A companion was present in 27% of consultations. Results were grouped into three areas of communication: opening structure, information exchange, and relationship building. Examination of the history opening structure revealed audiologists' tendency to control the agenda by initiating consultations with a closed-ended question 62% of the time, followed by interruption of patient talk after 21.3 sec, on average. The aforementioned behaviors were associated with increased verbal dominance throughout the history and increased control over the content of questions. For the
Vieira, Millena Maria Ramalho Matta; Berretin-Felix, Giédre; Brasolotto, Alcione Ghedini
The CD-ROM "Voice Assessment: Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology & Medicine" was developed as a teaching tool for people interested in the production of the spoken or sung human voice. Its content comprises several subjects concerning the anatomy and physiology of spoken and sung voice. A careful assessment becomes necessary in order to ensure the effectiveness of teaching and learning educational materials, whether related to education or health, within the proposal of education mediated by technology. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of the Virtual Man Project's CD-ROM "Voice Assessment: Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology & Medicine", as a self-learning material, in two different populations: Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology students and Lyrical Singing students. The participants were instructed to study the CD-ROM during 1 month and answer two questionnaires: one before and another one after studying the CD-ROM. The quantitative results were compared statistically by the Student's t-test at a significance level of 5%. Seventeen out of the 28 students who completed the study, were Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology students, while 11 were Lyrical Singing students (dropout rate of 44%). Comparison of the answers to the questionnaires before and after studying the CD-ROM showed a statistically significant increase of the scores for the questionnaire applied after studying the CD-ROM for both Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology and Lyrical Singing students, with pROM allowed concluding that the participants made significant improvement in their knowledge of the proposed contents after studying the CD-ROM. Based on this, it is assumed that this didactic material is an effective instrument for self-learning of this population.
Derin, S; Cam, O H; Beydilli, H; Acar, E; Elicora, S S; Sahan, M
This study aimed to compare an Apple iOS mobile operating system application for audiological evaluation with conventional audiometry, and to determine its accuracy and reliability in the initial evaluation of hearing loss. The study comprised 32 patients (16 females) diagnosed with hearing loss. The patients were first evaluated with conventional audiometry and the degree of hearing loss was recorded. Then they underwent a smartphone-based hearing test and the data were compared using Cohen's kappa analysis. Patients' mean age was 53.59 ± 18.01 years (range, 19-85 years). The mobile phone audiometry results for 39 of the 64 ears were fully compatible with the conventional audiometry results. There was a statistically significant concordant relationship between the two sets of audiometry results (p < 0.05). Ear Trumpet version 1.0.2 is a compact and simple mobile application on the Apple iPhone 5 that can measure hearing loss with reliable results.
Windmill, Ian M; Bishop, Charles; Elkins, Alex; Johnson, Mary Frances; Sturdivant, Grace
Traditional approaches to unbundling hearing aid services often take existing bundled charges and then separate the charges across all potential services associated with dispensing the devices. However, this method results in every patient being charged the same amount even though the complexity of the service varies across patients. We describe a model of charging for hearing aid services that takes into account three elements associated with patient services (i.e., assessing hearing status, audiologic decision making and interpretation, and counseling and treatment options) and two levels of complexity (straightforward and complex). Using this approach, there is negligible long-term financial impact on a practice however patients will perceive a lower overall cost for amplification. Additionally, this approach provides a payment structure more representative of the professional value of each visit.
Nursoy, Mustafa Atilla; Aksoy, Fadlullah; Dogan, Remzi; Ozturan, Orhan; Eren, Sabri Baki; Veyseller, Bayram; Ozkaya, Emin; Demir, Ayşegul Dogan; Ozturk, Burak
Allergic rhinitis is the type 1 hypersensitivity reaction of the nasal mucosa and its primary mediator is Ig E. It is most frequently observed in children and adolescents. Our purpose in this study is to investigate the impact of allergy on hearing functions in children with perineal allergic rhinitis (house dust mite allergy). 50 perineal allergic rhinitis (house dust mite allergy) patients (33 male, 17 female patients, aged between 6 and 15, average age 10.4) and 20 control patients (12 male, 8 female, aged between 6 and 15, average age 11.2) underwent high frequency pure tone audiometry, acoustic reflex, otacoustic emission (OAE) and auditory brainstem potentials to assess their auditory functions. No statistically significant difference was detected between the study group and the control group with respect to their hearing thresholds (250-16,000 Hz). No statistically significant difference was detected as a result of the comparison between the study group and control group in terms of their signal-noise ratios at Distortion Product OAE in all frequencies (996-8,004 Hz). No statistically significant difference was detected between the study group and the control group in terms of the 1st, 3rd and 5th wave latencies and 1-3, 3-5 and 1-5 inter-peak values. This study is the first study where the audiological functions of the pediatric perineal allergic rhinitis (house dust mite allergy) patients were assessed. No significant difference was detected between the group of pediatric perineal allergic rhinitis (house dust mite allergy) patients and the control group with respect to their audiological functions.
Morini, Renata Graziele
Full Text Available Introduction: The noise induced hearing loss (NIHL has been studied for many years and today the specialized literature also studies the synergic action of chemicals. Objective: To research the audiologic findings and DPOAE in workers exposed to occupational noise and plaguecides and to compare them with data obtained in individuals without exposure to these harmful elements. Method: 51 individuals were evaluated (102 ears, divided into three groups. Group I was composed by 17 workers with exposure to noise and plaguecides, all with neurosensorial auditory loss; group II was composed by 17 workers with exposure to noise and plaguecides with audiometric thresholds within normality standards (up to 25 dBNA and group III by 17 healthy individuals without auditory alterations and without exposure to noise and plaguecides, control group. Results: In the audiologic anamnesis, as for groups I and II, we observed that the main auditory complaints presented by the workers were those of recruitment (29.5%, tinnitus (26.5%, allergy (23.5% and arterial hypertension (12%. The findings of the audiometry appointed that the research's individuals did not present with auditory losses in the frequencies of 500 Hz, 1 and 2 kHz, the losses occurred in the frequencies of 3 and 8 kHz. As for the distortion-product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs, we observed that the individuals in group III had a major incidence of responses when compared to those of groups I and II. Conclusion: The results analysis allowed us to conclude that the DPOAE test represents an important tool for follow up and prevention of NIHL.
Boisvert, Isabelle; Clemesha, Jennifer; Lundmark, Erik; Crome, Erica; Barr, Caitlin; McMahon, Catherine M
Health-care service delivery models have evolved from a practitioner-centered approach toward a patient-centered ideal. Concurrently, increasing emphasis has been placed on the use of empirical evidence in decision-making to increase clinical accountability. The way in which clinicians use empirical evidence and client preferences to inform decision-making provides an insight into health-care delivery models utilized in clinical practice. The present study aimed to investigate the sources of information audiologists use when discussing rehabilitation choices with clients, and discuss the findings within the context of evidence-based practice and patient-centered care. To assess the changes that may have occurred over time, this study uses a questionnaire based on one of the few studies of decision-making behavior in audiologists, published in 1989. The present questionnaire was completed by 96 audiologists who attended the World Congress of Audiology in 2014. The responses were analyzed using qualitative and quantitative approaches. Results suggest that audiologists rank clinical test results and client preferences as the most important factors for decision-making. Discussion with colleagues or experts was also frequently reported as an important source influencing decision-making. Approximately 20% of audiologists mentioned utilizing research evidence to inform decision-making when no clear solution was available. Information shared at conferences was ranked low in terms of importance and reliability. This study highlights an increase in awareness of concepts associated with evidence-based practice and patient-centered care within audiology settings, consistent with current research-to-practice dissemination pathways. It also highlights that these pathways may not be sufficient for an effective clinical implementation of these practices.
Vermiglio, Andrew J
In the field of audiology a test protocol (index test) is used to determine the presence or absence of a target condition. The value of an index test rests in its diagnostic accuracy. Results from an index test must be verified through the use of a reference standard. The clinician and researcher should determine the quality and applicability of diagnostic accuracy studies. The Standards for Reporting of Diagnostic Accuracy (STARD) statement was published in response to the low quality of research conducted across many fields of study. It provides guidelines for the development and interpretation of diagnostic accuracy studies. The primary purpose of this article is to assess the degree to which the main principles of diagnostic accuracy studies are used for the detection of central auditory nervous system lesions and a central auditory processing disorder (CAPD). The secondary purpose is to compare the design of these studies to select key guidelines from the STARD statement. The third purpose of this article is to present an argument against the reassignment of diagnostic accuracy values of a particular index test for one target condition (e.g., a central site of lesion) to a different target condition (e.g., a CAPD). A review of diagnostic accuracy literature on the detection of a central site of lesion reveals the use of a reference standard for the independent verification of the index test results. However, diagnostic accuracy studies involving index tests for the detection of a CAPD show that independent verification of index test results is nonexistent or at best questionable. For a particular index test, while the diagnostic accuracy for detection of a central site of lesion may have been determined appropriately, it is inappropriate to reassign these diagnostic accuracy values to a different diagnostic target such as a CAPD. American Academy of Audiology.
Millena Maria Ramalho Matta Vieira
Full Text Available The CD-ROM "Voice Assessment: Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology & Medicine" was developed as a teaching tool for people interested in the production of the spoken or sung human voice. Its content comprises several subjects concerning the anatomy and physiology of spoken and sung voice. A careful assessment becomes necessary in order to ensure the effectiveness of teaching and learning educational materials, whether related to education or health, within the proposal of education mediated by technology. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of the Virtual Man Project's CD-ROM "Voice Assessment: Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology & Medicine", as a self-learning material, in two different populations: Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology students and Lyrical Singing students. The participants were instructed to study the CD-ROM during 1 month and answer two questionnaires: one before and another one after studying the CD-ROM. The quantitative results were compared statistically by the Student's t-test at a significance level of 5%. RESULTS: Seventeen out of the 28 students who completed the study, were Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology students, while 11 were Lyrical Singing students (dropout rate of 44%. Comparison of the answers to the questionnaires before and after studying the CD-ROM showed a statistically significant increase of the scores for the questionnaire applied after studying the CD-ROM for both Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology and Lyrical Singing students, with p<0.001 and p<0.004, respectively. There was also a statistically significant difference in all topics of this questionnaire for both groups of students. CONCLUSION: The results concerning the evaluation of the Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology and Lyrical Singing students' knowledge before and after learning from the CD-ROM allowed concluding that the participants made significant improvement in their knowledge of the proposed
Meyer, Carly; Grenness, Caitlin; Scarinci, Nerina; Hickson, Louise
The World Health Organization's International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) is widely used in disability and health sectors as a framework to describe the far-reaching effects of a range of health conditions on individuals. This biopsychosocial framework can be used to describe the experience of an individual in the components of body functions, body structures, and activities and participation, and it considers the influence of contextual factors (environmental and personal) on these components. Application of the ICF in audiology allows the use of a common language between health care professionals in both clinical and research settings. Furthermore, the ICF is promoted as a means of facilitating patient-centered care. In this article, the relevance and application of the ICF to audiology is described, along with clinical examples of its application in the assessment and management of children and adults with hearing loss. Importantly, the skills necessary for clinicians to apply the ICF effectively are discussed.
Wanderléia Quinhoneiro Blasca
Full Text Available OBJETIVO: elaborar, aplicar e avaliar um modelo de Teleducação Interativa para o ensino da Audiologia, disciplina de Aparelhos de Amplificação Sonora Individual. MÉTODOS: participaram deste estudo 13 alunos do 2º ano do curso de Fonoaudiologia de uma universidade pública do município de Bauru-SP. O programa de Teleducação Interativa foi elaborado, utilizando um tutor eletrônico, o Cybertutor. Os participantes receberam uma senha de acesso ao conteúdo teórico da disciplina. O prazo estabelecido foi de 30 dias, sendo que o aluno poderia acessar quantas vezes julgasse necessário. Para a avaliação do programa foi realizada a aplicação de dois questionários, sendo um referente ao conteúdo didático-teórico da disciplina de Aparelhos de Amplificação Sonora Individual e outro referente ao objeto de aprendizagem utilizado (Cybertutor. O questionário didático-teórico avaliou a efetividade do programa na aprendizagem do aluno e foi aplicado em dois momentos distintos, ou seja, pré e pós-teste. O questionário referente ao Cybertutor abordou aspectos de aceitação, viabilidade e interatividade. Para a análise dos resultados foi utilizado o teste Wilcoxon (p PURPOSE: to develop, implement and evaluate a model of Interactive Tele-education for teaching Audiology, discipline of hearing aids. METHODS: 13 students from 2nd year of speech-language pathology in a public university of the city of Bauru-SP. The program of Interactive Tele-education was prepared, using a 'Cybertutor' (a website-based educational environment. The students received a password to access the theoretical content of the discipline. The deadline was 30 days, the students could access as often as they deemed being necessary. For evaluating the application, we applied 2 questionnaires, one related to the didactic-theoretical content of the discipline of hearing aids and the other one related to the used learning object (Cybertutor. The questionnaire assessed the
Greenwell, Kate; Hoare, Derek J
The purpose of this study is to explore the presence of key interactive design features across Internet-based audiology rehabilitation and self-management interventions, and whether there is evidence of them mediating effects of the intervention. Adult audiology interventions relevant to this review were identified through a literature search in Google Scholar and a hand search of key journals. Four key interactive design features that have been proposed to mediate the effects of Internet-based health interventions were reported for each intervention: social context and support, contacts with the intervention, tailoring, and self-management. Five interventions were identified as representative examples of work in the field. Social context and support and contacts with the intervention were provided in most interventions, mainly through clinician guidance. Only 1 intervention utilized tailoring to personalize intervention content to individual users, but use was minimal. Self-management features were also used in all interventions but the precise nature of these features was poorly reported. Future studies should assess the optimal dose and combinations of intervention features for maximizing efficacy in audiology intervention. To be specific, the role of tailoring should be explored, which has been identified as a potential mediator of intervention outcome in the wider e-health literature.
Hughes, Jane; Wilson, Wayne J; MacBean, Naomi; Hill, Anne E
To compare simulated patients (SP) versus seminars for training audiology students to take a case history and give feedback with adult patients. A randomized controlled trial with cross-over. Twenty-four audiology students, five SPs, two clinical educators (CE) and three evaluators. Students were randomly allocated to Group 1 who completed SP then seminar training or Group 2 who completed seminar then SP training. The SP training saw each student work with an SP in a clinic room and receive individualized feedback. The seminar training saw the student group work with a single CE in a lecture room and receive group feedback. All students were assessed taking a case history and giving feedback to an SP before, between, and after the training blocks. Mixed model analyses of derived factors for case history and feedback showed significant (p < 0.05) effects for assessment occasion (i.e. student skills improved with more training) but not for training sequence (i.e. order of training did not affect skill improvements) or training type (i.e. type of training did not affect skill improvements). SP training provided no benefit over seminar training in audiology students learning case history and feedback skills with adult patients.
Borg, E; Wilson, M; Samuelsson, E
An acoustic laboratory for reproduction of speech and acoustic environments is presented along with two sound field tests. Its design has been inspired by the LEDE (Living End Dead End) principle for construction of radio and music control rooms. The equipment and the 12 loudspeakers can simultaneously reproduce several stereophonic and monophonic recordings. The interesting feature is that the delayed first reflex in the LEDE room allows for a realistic perception of the recording room. A preliminary presentation of two newly developed tests for sound field listening is given. In DSIN. Directional Speech In Noise, the JFC (just follow conversation) threshold for continuous discourse is determined in 12 directions in quiet and in noise from +/- 60 degrees azimuth. In SEIT (Sound Environmental Identification Test), stereophonic acoustic environments are presented and the subject is asked to identify specific components and to characterize each environment as closely as possible. Results from tests with normal hearing subjects and examples of results with hearing impaired subjects are presented. The potential of the technique for use in aural rehabilitation, functional definition of auditory communication and quality assessment of hearing aids is discussed. It is pointed out that the term ecological audiology is suitable for describing the interaction between the communicating individual and the environment in a broad sense.
Rodríguez Valiente, Antonio; Roldán Fidalgo, Amaya; Villarreal, Ithzel M; García Berrocal, José R
Early detection and appropriate treatment of hearing loss are essential to minimise the consequences of hearing loss. In addition to conventional audiometry (125-8,000 Hz), extended high-frequency audiometry (9,000-20,000 Hz) is available. This type of audiometry may be useful in early diagnosis of hearing loss in certain conditions, such as the ototoxic effect of cisplatin-based treatment, noise exposure or oral misunderstanding, especially in noisy environments. Eleven examples are shown in which extended high-frequency audiometry has been useful in early detection of hearing loss, despite the subject having a normal conventional audiometry. The goal of the present paper was to highlight the importance of the extended high-frequency audiometry examination for it to become a standard tool in routine audiological examinations. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier España, S.L.U. y Sociedad Española de Otorrinolaringología y Patología Cérvico-Facial. All rights reserved.
Karla Geovanna Moraes Crispim
Full Text Available Objective: To describe the audiological findings (type, audiometric configuration, degree of hearing loss and its association with gender and age in subjects aged over 60 years, treated at outpatient clinic of specialties of Manaus. Methods: A cross-sectional epidemiological descriptive study conducted with the universe of elderly who underwent audiometry from January to December 2010, with a total of 574 subjects. To classify the type, degree and configuration of hearing loss, we used the criteria adopted by Santos & Russo, Davis & Silverman and Silman & Silverman, respectively. Statistical analysis was performed using measures of central tendency, dispersion and frequency distributions. To check for statistically significant differences, we used the chi-square test, with a significance level of 5% (p ≤ 0.05. Results: The prevalence of 94.4% (n = 542 of hearing loss, sensorineural predominantly (85.5%, n = 491 and mild (60%, n = 188 in females and degree moderate or greater in males (50%, n = 130, downward sloping (54.2%, n = 311 in both sexes. The percentage of normality was low, with 261 (3.4% for men and 313 (7.3% for women. Conclusion: The prevalence of hearing loss increased with age, being equal to 100% in individuals 80 years or older, and men have the worst hearing thresholds. There is need for greater awareness about hearing loss in the elderly, needing additional population-based and multicentric studies in order to support public policies.
Full Text Available Background and Aim: Hearing-impaired children make a lot of stress for the parents. Providing the parents of these children with suitable consultation and rehabilitation services results in increased satisfaction and reduced anxiety level. In this study we investigated the relationship between audiology service satisfaction and level of anxiety in parents of hearing-impaired children.Methods: Seventy-five parents of hearing-impaired children, whose problem was diagnosed during the last year, participated in the study. The mothers were interviewed using satisfaction and anxiety questionnaires.Results: There was no association between level of service satisfaction and parental state and trait anxiety level; however, the group with a higher level of satisfaction (score 64-90 recorded a lower anxiety score (0-20. There was also a significant association between parental state and trait anxiety level (p<0.001. Considering the demographic data, only the living place (Tehran compared with other provinces showed a significant association with satisfaction and anxiety levels; people living in small provinces had a significantly less satisfaction level (p=0.002 and a more anxiety score (p=0.017.Conclusion: Lack of durability of services was the concern of people living in small provinces which resulted in being more anxious and less satisfied.
Freitas, Anelisse Vasco Mascarenhas de; Quixabeiro, Elinaldo Leite; Luz, Geórgia Rosangela Soares; Franco, Viviane Moreira; Santos, Viviane Fontes Dos
Evaluate three standard operational procedures (SOPs), regarding the application of the brainstem auditory evoked potential (BAEP) test, implemented by the Audiology Department of the Center for Studies in Occupational Health and Human Ecology (CESTEH) through the application of a questionnaire and to verify whether the SOPs are effective and assess the necessity for improvement. The study was conducted in three phases: in the first phase, eight speech-language pathologists and seven physicians, with no experience in BAEP, were instructed to read and perform each SOP, eventually all individuals evaluated the SOPs by responding to a questionnaire; in the second phase, the questionnaires were analyzed and the three SOP texts were reviewed; in the third phase, nine speech-language pathologists and six physicians, also with no experience in BAEP, read and re-evaluated the reviewed SOPs through a questionnaire. In the first phase, difficulties in understanding the texts were found, raising doubts about the procedures; however, every participant was able to perform the procedure as a whole. In the third phase, after the review, all individuals were able to perform the procedures appropriately and continuously without any doubts. The assessment of the SOPs by questionnaires showed the need for adaptation in the texts. After the texts were reviewed according to the suggestions of the health professionals, it was possible to observe that the SOPs assisted in the execution of the task, which was conducted without any difficulties or doubts, being regarded effective and ensuring quality to the service offered.
Ingo, Elisabeth; Brännström, K Jonas; Andersson, Gerhard; Lunner, Thomas; Laplante-Lévesque, Ariane
In a clinical setting, theories of health behaviour change could help audiologists and other hearing health care professionals understand the barriers that prevent people with hearing problems to seek audiological help. The transtheoretical (stages of change) model of health behaviour change is one of these theories. It describes a person's journey towards health behaviour change (e.g. seeking help or taking up rehabilitation) in separate stages: precontemplation, contemplation, preparation, action, and, finally, maintenance. A short self-assessment measure of stages of change may guide the clinician and facilitate first appointments. This article describes correlations between three stages of change measures of different lengths, one 24-item and two one-item. Participants were recruited through an online hearing screening study. Adults who failed the speech-in-noise recognition screening test and who had never undergone a hearing aid fitting were invited to complete further questionnaires online, including the three stages of change measures. In total, 224 adults completed the three measures. A majority of the participants were categorised as being in one of the information- and help-seeking stage of change (contemplation or preparation). The three stages of change measures were significantly correlated. Conclusions Our results support further investigating the use of a one-item measure to determine stages of change in people with hearing impairment.
The educational needs of children with hearing impairments are the responsibility of local and state education agencies. Comprehensive audiology services to children include prevention, identification, assessment, habilitation and instructional services, supportive in-service and counseling, and follow-up and monitoring services. Audiology programs in schools must be supported by appropriate and adequate equipment and materials, technical assistance, administrative support, and evaluation and research. The needs of children with hearing impairments are diverse. Therefore, a team approach which includes the school audiologist is the only feasible way to ensure that they receive comprehensive services. Services for children with hearing impairments are greatly enhanced when audiologists are on the educational team. The inclusion of audiologists makes possible the proper interpretation and integration of audiologic data into educational planning for programming. Audiologists bring critical and unique skills and knowledge to the educational setting, thus ensuring the maximal exploitation of residual hearing for auditory learning and communication. Audiology services can be obtained by employing audiologists within the schools or by contracting for their services. Regardless of the service delivery system used, adequate numbers of audiologists must be employed to provide appropriate and comprehensive audiology services to all children.
Adriztina, Indri; Adnan, Adlin; Adenin, Ichwanul; Haryuna, Siti Hajar; Sarumpaet, Sorimuda
Introduction There is only limited information from previous studies that suggest that auditory function may be influenced by hormones. Recent advances in the field have exposed the potential role of hormones in modulating the auditory system. Objective This study aims to investigate the relationship between menstrual cycle and outer hair cell function with audiological examination. Methods This is an analytic study with a cross-sectional design. The sampling was a systematic random sampling. We found 49 women with normal menstrual cycle and collected their data through interviews, physical examination, and examination of the ear, with otoscopic and other routine otorhinolaryngology examinations. We evaluated Tympanometry, distortion-product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAE), and pure tone audiometry. Results We found the audiometric threshold worse in the follicular phase than other phases at 4000 Hz of the right ear, and in the ovulation was found best than any other phases at 1000 Hz of the left ear with significant difference. We found significant difference of DPOAE between ovulation time and follicular phase at 3000 Hz and 1000 Hz in the left ear and between ovulation and luteal phased at 2000 Hz, 3000 Hz and 5000 Hz in the right ear and at 1000 Hz in the left ear with p result of this study showed that only a small part of audiometry threshold had a significant difference between each menstrual phase. In other words, we found no correlation between menstrual and audiometry threshold. Nonetheless, there is a correlation between menstrual cycle phase and DPOAE amplitude. PMID:27746829
Theunissen, Stephanie C. P. M.; Rieffe, Carolien; Netten, Anouk P.; Briaire, Jeroen J.; Soede, Wim; Kouwenberg, Maartje; Frijns, Johan H. M.
Objective Sufficient self-esteem is extremely important for psychosocial functioning. It is hypothesized that hearing-impaired (HI) children have lower levels of self-esteem, because, among other things, they frequently experience lower language and communication skills. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare HI children's self-esteem across different domains with those of normal hearing (NH) children and to investigate the influence of communication, type of education, and audiological characteristics. Methods This large (N = 252) retrospective, multicenter study consisted of two age- and gender-matched groups: 123 HI children and 129 NH controls (mean age = 11.8 years). Self-reports were used to measure self-esteem across four domains: perceived social acceptance by peers, perceived parental attention, perceived physical appearance, and global self-esteem. Results HI children experienced lower levels of self-esteem regarding peers and parents than NH controls. Particularly HI children who attended special education for the deaf were at risk, even after correcting for their language development and intelligence. Yet, levels of global self-esteem and self-esteem involving physical appearance in HI children equalled those of NH controls. Furthermore, younger age at implantation and longer duration of having cochlear implants (CIs) were related to higher levels of self-esteem. Conclusion HI children experience lower levels of self-esteem in the social domains. Yet, due to the heterogeneity of the HI population, there is high variability in levels of self-esteem. Discussion Clinicians must always be aware of the risk and protective factors related to self-esteem in order to help individual patients reach their full potential. PMID:24722329
Theunissen, Stephanie C P M; Rieffe, Carolien; Netten, Anouk P; Briaire, Jeroen J; Soede, Wim; Kouwenberg, Maartje; Frijns, Johan H M
Sufficient self-esteem is extremely important for psychosocial functioning. It is hypothesized that hearing-impaired (HI) children have lower levels of self-esteem, because, among other things, they frequently experience lower language and communication skills. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare HI children's self-esteem across different domains with those of normal hearing (NH) children and to investigate the influence of communication, type of education, and audiological characteristics. This large (N = 252) retrospective, multicenter study consisted of two age- and gender-matched groups: 123 HI children and 129 NH controls (mean age = 11.8 years). Self-reports were used to measure self-esteem across four domains: perceived social acceptance by peers, perceived parental attention, perceived physical appearance, and global self-esteem. HI children experienced lower levels of self-esteem regarding peers and parents than NH controls. Particularly HI children who attended special education for the deaf were at risk, even after correcting for their language development and intelligence. Yet, levels of global self-esteem and self-esteem involving physical appearance in HI children equalled those of NH controls. Furthermore, younger age at implantation and longer duration of having cochlear implants (CIs) were related to higher levels of self-esteem. HI children experience lower levels of self-esteem in the social domains. Yet, due to the heterogeneity of the HI population, there is high variability in levels of self-esteem. Clinicians must always be aware of the risk and protective factors related to self-esteem in order to help individual patients reach their full potential.
Stephanie C P M Theunissen
Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Sufficient self-esteem is extremely important for psychosocial functioning. It is hypothesized that hearing-impaired (HI children have lower levels of self-esteem, because, among other things, they frequently experience lower language and communication skills. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare HI children's self-esteem across different domains with those of normal hearing (NH children and to investigate the influence of communication, type of education, and audiological characteristics. METHODS: This large (N = 252 retrospective, multicenter study consisted of two age- and gender-matched groups: 123 HI children and 129 NH controls (mean age = 11.8 years. Self-reports were used to measure self-esteem across four domains: perceived social acceptance by peers, perceived parental attention, perceived physical appearance, and global self-esteem. RESULTS: HI children experienced lower levels of self-esteem regarding peers and parents than NH controls. Particularly HI children who attended special education for the deaf were at risk, even after correcting for their language development and intelligence. Yet, levels of global self-esteem and self-esteem involving physical appearance in HI children equalled those of NH controls. Furthermore, younger age at implantation and longer duration of having cochlear implants (CIs were related to higher levels of self-esteem. CONCLUSION: HI children experience lower levels of self-esteem in the social domains. Yet, due to the heterogeneity of the HI population, there is high variability in levels of self-esteem. DISCUSSION: Clinicians must always be aware of the risk and protective factors related to self-esteem in order to help individual patients reach their full potential.
Akay, B N; Bozkir, M; Anadolu, Y; Gullu, S
Recent clinical studies suggest that the pathogenetic mechanisms of vitiligo could be of systemic origin as vitiligo is associated with auditory abnormalities as well as other autoimmune disorders. To investigate clinical, genetic characteristics and laboratory findings of vitiligo as well as auditory abnormalities and the association of the disease with the other autoimmune disorders. From January to December 2008, we collected-data from 80 vitiligo patients to establish the clinical and epidemiological profile of vitiligo in Turkey. Thirty patients were men and 50 were women, with a mean age of 37 years and a mean onset age of 10 years. Vitiligo vulgaris was the most common type, followed by focal, acrofacial, segmental and universal types. Forty-four (55%) patients had an associated autoimmune disease. These associated diseases were Hashimoto thyroiditis in 25, alopecia areata in 10, pernicious anaemia in seven and diabetes mellitus in two patients. Statistically significant changes in human leukocyte antigen in patients with vitiligo were HLA A24,-30, B63, CW6, DR15, DR51, DQ5,-6. Auditory problems were observed in 37.7% patients. Nine of the 20 patients showed unilateral minimal hearing loss (>30 dB), while the other 11 demonstrated bilateral hearing loss (>30 dB) over a large range of frequencies (2000-8000 Hz). Our study demonstrates that vitiligo is a part of systemic autoimmune process. Audiological examination should be performed in all patients for auditory problems which are commonly presented as hypoacusis. © 2010 The Authors. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology © 2010 European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology.
Sharma, K; Pannu, M S; Arora, A; Sharma, V
A late detection of hearing impairment in children can affect speech and language development. Otitis media with effusion (OME) associated with risk factors like recurrent upper respiratory tract infections (URTI) is considered the most common cause of silent hearing impairment among children. So this study was carried out to screen such at risk children for hearing impairment. The study was conducted on 1000 children in the age group of 2-12 years who presented to the OPD of ENT and Pediatrics Department, Govt Medical College with the complaint of recurrent URTI. The children were screened by history taking, general physical examination and local ENT examination. This was followed by impedance audiometry and pure tone audiometry (PTA, wherever indicated). Children with discharging ears and perforated tympanic membrane (TM) were excluded from the study. The most common presenting complaint was nasal discharge (67.9 %), followed by mouth breathing (66.3 %) and snoring (65 %). Only 16.2 % cases actually complained of some hearing impairment on exploratory history indicating the silent nature of OME. On examination 52.65 % cases had a normal looking TM whereas 41.2 % had a dull retracted TM. Results of impedance audiometry showed Type A graph in 56.75 %, Type B in 33.4 % indicating OME and Type C in 9.85 % indicating Eustachian tube dysfunction. PTA showed a mild conductive hearing loss in 26.7 % cases. OME is quite prevalent in high risk children and incidence of OME resulting in silent hearing impairment is quite high especially in young children having recurrent URTI. Impedance audiometry has been proved to be an objective screening tool for the same with a diagnostic accuracy of 87 % and thus under preventive audiology, it has a definite role in young children having recurrent URTI.
Engiz, O; Balci, S; Unsal, M; Ozer, S; Oguz, K K; Aktas, D
Goldenhar syndrome (GS) or oculoauriculovertebral dysplasia (OAVD) is characterized by pre-auricular skin tags, microtia, facial asymmetry, ocular abnormalities and vertebral anomalies of different size and shape. The phenotypical findings of this syndrome are variable due to heterogenous aetiology. For that reason, the physician sometimes faces difficulty when making a definite diagnosis of OAVD. We reviewed the clinical and laboratory findings of 31 patients (15 boys and 16 girls) aged from 1 day to 16 years with the clinical diagnosis of GS. The characteristic features were pre-auricular skin tags (90%), microtia (52%), hemifacial microsomia (77%) and epibulbar dermoids (39%). Vertebral anomalies were noted in 70% of the patients. Cardiac malformations were found in 39% while a genitourinary anomaly was noted in 23% and various central nervous system malformations in 47%. There were 3 pregnancies following an intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) technique among the 31 patients. Two patients with GS came from the same family. Their relatives had hydrocephaly, myelomeningocele and neural tube defects. It is known that some chromosomal aberrations are seen in GS. We performed chromosome analysis of 29 patients. Among these cases, only one patient with severe mental and motor retardation had a 47,XX,+der(22)t(11,22)(q23; q11 karyotype due to a maternal balanced translocation t(11;22)(q23;q11). This translocation was demonstrated in her sister, brother and maternal uncle. Additionally CATCH 22 analysis in 13 cases with OAVD with a CATCH 22 phenotype revealed no deletion. OAVD patients present with different morphologic features and systemic manifestations. A multidisciplinary approach should be undertaken by departments such as pediatric cardiology, audiology, ophthalmology and plastic surgery when evaluating patients with OAVD. Chromosome analysis should be performed in every patient with Goldenhar syndrome.
Samantha M. Govender
Full Text Available The aim of the paper is to describe the knowledge of mothers in Durban, South Africa, regarding risk factors of hearing loss in infants and their awareness of audiology services, and to describe their cultural beliefs about the risk factors for hearing loss in infants. A descriptive survey design with quantitative methods of analysis were used. Conveniently sampled mothers (n=102 receiving postnatal care for their infants from eight provincial clinics within Durban consented to participate, yielding a response rate of 48%. A questionnaire was used to collect the data and the Cronbach α was calculated yielding a score of 0.835, indicating good internal consistency and reliability of the questionnaire. Sixty percent of the mothers were aware of risk factors, such as middle ear infections, ototoxic medication and consumption of alcohol during pregnancy. Seventy percent were unaware that NICU/mechanical ventilation for more than 5 days, prematurity, rubella and jaundice are considered risk factors for hearing loss, implying a need to create awareness amongst mothers regarding such risk factors. Sixty percent (n=62 believed that bewitchment and ancestral curses can cause hearing loss. Cultural beliefs were associated with hearing loss, therefore, health professionals need to demonstrate cultural competence when providing audiology services, especially in a culturally and linguistically diverse countries such as South Africa. Although the mothers had an average knowledge about risk factors, two thirds did not know which professional to seek help from. There is a need to create awareness amongst mothers regarding the risk factors of infant hearing loss as well as audiology services in order to facilitate early detection and intervention. There is a need for health professionals to demonstrate cultural competence when working with their patients.
Govender, Samantha M; Khan, Nasim Banu
The aim of the paper is to describe the knowledge of mothers in Durban, South Africa, regarding risk factors of hearing loss in infants and their awareness of audiology services, and to describe their cultural beliefs about the risk factors for hearing loss in infants. A descriptive survey design with quantitative methods of analysis were used. Conveniently sampled mothers (n=102) receiving postnatal care for their infants from eight provincial clinics within Durban consented to participate, yielding a response rate of 48%. A questionnaire was used to collect the data and the Cronbach α was calculated yielding a score of 0.835, indicating good internal consistency and reliability of the questionnaire. Sixty percent of the mothers were aware of risk factors, such as middle ear infections, ototoxic medication and consumption of alcohol during pregnancy. Seventy percent were unaware that NICU/mechanical ventilation for more than 5 days, prematurity, rubella and jaundice are considered risk factors for hearing loss, implying a need to create awareness amongst mothers regarding such risk factors. Sixty percent (n=62) believed that bewitchment and ancestral curses can cause hearing loss. Cultural beliefs were associated with hearing loss, therefore, health professionals need to demonstrate cultural competence when providing audiology services, especially in a culturally and linguistically diverse countries such as South Africa. Although the mothers had an average knowledge about risk factors, two thirds did not know which professional to seek help from. There is a need to create awareness amongst mothers regarding the risk factors of infant hearing loss as well as audiology services in order to facilitate early detection and intervention. There is a need for health professionals to demonstrate cultural competence when working with their patients.
Scollie, Susan; Levy, Charla; Pourmand, Nazanin; Abbasalipour, Parvaneh; Bagatto, Marlene; Richert, Frances; Moodie, Shane; Crukley, Jeff; Parsa, Vijay
quality as higher with the noise reduction system activated. Implications for clinical verification systems may be that greater standardization and the use of speech-in-noise test signals may improve the quality and consistency of noise reduction verification cross clinics. A suggested clinical protocol for verification of noise management in children's hearing aids is suggested. American Academy of Audiology.
stapedectomy operation for Otosclerosis and replaced the stapes bone with a polyethylene tube prosthesis and vein graft. Small fenestra stapedectomy is a more precise method of creating a hole in footplate rather than total footplate removal. It gives less post - operative vertigo and better high frequency hearing compared to total footplate removal. The present st udy is a longitudinal clinical study on Otosclerosis with emphasis on clinical and audiological features, per operative findings, outcome and complications of stapedectomy. The objective is to study the demographic and clinical features of Otosclerosis in this part of Kerala; to analyze the results of audiometry and operative notes of Otosclerosis; to describe the outcome and incidence of complications of small fenestra stapedectomy in Otosclerosis
Paulo Marcelo Freitas de Barros
interviewed, getting up information on 117 children aged from 0 to 7 years. For the data analysis of were privileged information on: otologic and audiologic complaints, and hearing risk factors. RESULTS: 35 children (29% had one or more otologic and / or hearing complaints. The two main symptoms were: otologic (74.2% and otorrhea (34.2% earache. The most frequent hearing symptoms were: difficulty in understanding other people talk (25.7% and decreased hearing (20%. According to risk factors, we found in 57 (48.7% children one or more factors, which are: maternal use of alcohol (59.6%, hereditary deafness background(43.8% and maternal use of illicit drugs (39.8% during pregnancy. CONCLUSION: the earache was the main identified symptom and the difficulty for understanding was the most frequent complaint. The most important risk factors were the use of alcohol and illicit drugs, such as marijuana and crack, during pregnancy.
Divenyi, P L; Haupt, K M
The objective of the study was to determine the major factors that underlie auditory/audiological performance measures in an elderly population, with particular emphasis on finding those factors responsible for speech understanding under specific conditions of interference. Audiological status and auditory performance of a group of elderly (60- to 81-yr-old) and normal-hearing young (18- to 30-yr-old) individuals was determined through a test battery. When present, the hearing loss of elderly subjects was symmetrical in the two ears and, at most, moderate. The battery included tests of speech intelligibility on the word and sentence levels, with and without the presence of interfering speech. In addition to pure-tone and speech reception thresholds, perception of spectrally or temporally distorted speech as well as auditory resolution of frequency, time, and space were tested. Two tests received special consideration: the Speech Perception In Noise Test and the Modified Rhyme Reverberation Test. Taking the overall results as well as various subsets of the results, principal component analyses were conducted to identify major factors underlying auditory performance. The factors extracted by the principal component analyses present a portrayal of the auditory performance profile in which effects of interference, high-frequency hearing, and basic auditory function play a major role. Interference factors include general susceptibility to noise as well as segregation of concurrent speech sounds on the basis of temporal dissimilarities and spatial separation. Comparison of factors extracted from various subsets of tests indicate that factors underlying the decline of the "cocktail party effect" in the elderly are addressed mostly by tests specifically designed to assess speech understanding in spatially distributed babble or in a reverberant environment. Factor analysis of test measures obtained from a group of elderly individuals with normal hearing or mild
Full Text Available Scope of the study: Vestibular pathology is a complex one, requiring a minute clinical evaluation, as well as numerous paraclinical investigations. The present study analyzes the contribution of the modern methods of vestibular and auditive investigation to the diagnosis of dizziness. Materials and method: The results of the investigations performed on 84 patients with peripheric vestibular syndrome, on whom a complete audiological and vestibular assessment had been also made, have been retrospectively analyzed. Results: Anamnestic data and the results of evaluation permitted classification of peripheric vestibular pathology according to topo-lesional and etiological criteria. The most frequently diagnosed diseases were: benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, Ménière syndrome and vestibular neuronitis. Conclusions: Testing of the vestibulo-ocular and vestibulo-spinal reflexes through videonystagmoscopy and, respectively, computerized dynamic posturography, besides tonal vocal audiometry and precocious auditive potentials, is especially important for a positive diagnosis and etiological differentiation of vestibular syndromes.
Divenyi, P L; Haupt, K M
The study was conducted to determine the relationship between measures of auditory performance in elderly individuals. Specifically, its goal was to uncover a set of measures correlated with the set of measures of speech understanding under specific conditions of interference to gain a better understanding of decline of the "cocktail party effect" in aging. Audiological status and auditory performance of a group of elderly (60- to 81-yr-old) individuals were determined through a test battery. When present, the hearing loss of elderly subjects was symmetrical in the two ears and, at most, moderate. The battery included tests of speech intelligibility on the word and sentence levels, with and without the presence of interfering speech. In addition pure-tone and speech reception thresholds, perception of spectrally or temporally distorted speech and auditory resolution of frequency, time, and space were tested. Two tests received special consideration: the Speech Perception In Noise Test and the Modified Rhyme Reverberation Test. Results indicated that, despite the nearly normal hearing levels that characterized much of the subject group, auditory sensitivity measures showed persistent correlation to all other measures, with the exception of auditory resolution regarding frequency, time, and space. As a set, sensitivity measures accounted for more than 85% of the variance. When auditory sensitivity was controlled for, other factors underlying speech processing in the presence of interfering stimuli were uncovered, factors most likely related to the ability to perceptually segregate one speech signal from another. The findings suggest that, to determine the relationship between audiological/auditory test results of an elderly population, it is important to remove the effects of hearing loss through appropriate statistical methods.
Gerdes, Timo; Salcher, Rolf Benedikt; Schwab, Burkard; Lenarz, Thomas; Maier, Hannes
In conductive, mixed hearing losses and single-sided-deafness bone-anchored hearing aids are a well-established treatment. The transcutaneous transmission across the intact skin avoids the percutaneous abutment of a bone-anchored device with the usual risk of infections and requires less care.In this study, the audiological results of the Bonebridge transcutaneous bone conduction implant (MED-EL) are compared to the generally used percutaneous device BP100 (Cochlear Ltd., Sydney, Australia). Ten patients implanted with the transcutaneous hearing implant were compared to 10 matched patients implanted with a percutaneous device. Tests included pure-tone AC and BC thresholds and unaided and aided sound field thresholds. Speech intelligibility was determined in quiet using the Freiburg monosyllable test and in noise with the Oldenburg sentence test (OLSA) in sound field with speech from the front (S0). The subjective benefit was assessed with the Abbreviated Profile of Hearing Aid Benefit. In comparison with the unaided condition there was a significant improvement in aided thresholds, word recognition scores (WRS), and speech reception thresholds (SRT) in noise, measured in sound field, for both devices. The comparison of the two devices revealed a minor but not significant difference in functional gain (Bonebridge: PTA = 27.5 dB [mean]; BAHA: PTA = 26.3 dB [mean]). No significant difference between the two devices was found when comparing the improvement in WRSs and SRTs (Bonebridge: improvement WRS = 80% [median], improvement SRT = 6.5 dB SNR [median]; BAHA: improvement WRS = 77.5% [median], BAHA: improvement SRT = 6.9 dB SNR [median]). Our data show that the transcutaneous bone conduction hearing implant is an audiologically equivalent alternative to percutaneous bone-anchored devices in conductive hearing loss with a minor sensorineural hearing loss component.
Harish Chandra Reddy
Full Text Available INTRODUCTION Interpersonal communication, day to day activities, learning language and acquiring grades in the school are important parts in the life of school going children. Unilateral or bilateral Loss of hearing affects education and the child feels handicapped socially, emotionally, and scholastically. Such children lose grades and retained in the same class affecting them emotionally. The present study was conducted in order to find out the various causes of unilateral Sensorineural Hearing Loss (USNHL in children and to study role of various audiological findings in diagnosing the cause of impaired hearing in children. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES To find out the possible etiological causes and study the role of various audiological tests in finding the causes of unilateral impaired hearing in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS A prospective study was conducted in the Department of ENT of a tertiary Hospital attached to a Medical College in Warangal, Telangana. A total of 346 children aged between 4 and 15 years attended presenting with complaints of impaired hearing. Among them 73 children with unilateral sensorineural deafness were included in the study. After a thorough ENT examination subjective tests like pure tone audiometry and behavioral observation audiometry and objective tests like impedance audiometry, Oto-acoustic emissions (OAE, and brainstem evoked response audiometry (BERA were performed. RESULTS While identifying the possible etiological cause of USNHL, OAE revealed 56.16% REFER and 43.83% PASS results. Impedance audiometric results showed 71.22% as Type A Tympanogram. Pure tone audiometric results were mostly showed severe and profound hearing losses together accounting to 87.66%. BERA findings were mostly on severe and profound hearing loss (90.40%. No children with syndromic or cranio-facial abnormalities were found. CONCLUSIONS A prospective Hospital based study of school children with USNHL showed acquired nature of the
Beber, Bárbara Costa; Brandão, Lenisa; Chaves, Márcia Lorena Fagundes
This article aims to warn the Brazilian Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology scientific community about the importance and necessity of scientific and clinical activities regarding Primary Progressive Aphasia. This warning is based on a systematic literature review of the scientific production on Primary Progressive Aphasia, from which nine Brazilian articles were selected. It was observed that there is an obvious lack of studies on the subject, as all the retrieved articles were published in medical journals and much of it consisted of small samples; only two articles described the effectiveness of speech-language therapy in patients with Primary Progressive Aphasia. A perspective for the future in the area and characteristics of Speech-Language Therapy for Primary Progressive Aphasia are discussed. As a conclusion, it is evident the need for greater action by Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology on Primary Progressive Aphasia.
Lenarz, T; Weber, B P; Issing, P R; Gnadeberg, D; Ambjørnsen, K; Mack, K F; Winter, M
Implantable hearing aids present a new treatment modality for patients suffering from sensorineural hearing loss. The functional gain obtained with the partially implantable Symphonix soundbridge system was evaluated in a clinical study. The audiological results achieved with n = 34 patients over a period of up to three years are presented in this second part of the publication. 34 patients have received the Symphonix Vibrant soundbridge system since February 1997. The average age at implantation was 47.2 years (minimum: 18.9 years; maximum: 80.3 years). All patients have had several years of experience with hearing aids, which, however, provided insufficient functional gain or could not be fitted with a conventional hearing aid for medical reasons (such as auditory ear canal problems). All patients fulfilled the audiological selection criteria as they had bilateral moderate to severe sensorineural hearing loss. As a rule, the ear with poorer performance was implanted. All patients were fitted with the audio processor eight weeks after the implantation. The pure tone thresholds, the functional gain, the monosyllable and sentence understanding (Göttinger Sentence Test in quiet and noise) were preoperatively and postoperatively assessed. Standardized self-assessment questionnaires were used to evaluate the subjective benefit (PHAB) and the quality of hearing (HDSS) as compared to the preoperative situation. Further hearing tests were performed after four weeks, three, six, nine, twelve, eighteen, twenty-four and thirty-six months postoperatively. During the observation period of up to three years the audioprocessor was updated several times, most recently with the fully digital three-channel-system Vibrant D. The results obtained were documented. Postoperatively, the pure tone threshold with the soundbridge system switched off did not change significantly in the implanted ear. All patients had a functional gain that was either comparable to the gain achieved with
Full Text Available Background and Aim: Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss (SSNHL is an emergency situation, and is one of the most controversial subjects in domain of otolaryngology. In this article, we have analyzed some Epidemiologic Characteristics, clinical features, audiological Characteristics, and other findings in routine serological tests and MRI of 48 cases with SSNHL ,who came or were referred to us in the past 2 years. Study design: Cross sectional. Materials and Methods: In 48 patients with chief complaint of SSNHL, from June 2003 to Feb. 2005, who were admitted in clinic of otolaryngology- in Kashani Hospital -Isfahan- Iran, physical examination and history taking, audiological evaluation, MRI,and serological tests were performed in a similar way , and data were analyzed by SPSS software. Results: From 48 cases(M:28 ,F:20 with mean age of 40.9(+/-15.9 years, left ear was involved in 26 cases (54.1% ,and right ear in 19 cases (39.5% ,and in 3 cases (6.3%,both sides were involved. The severity of hearing loss was “subjectively” HIGH in 78% of patients, and the mean threshold of hearing had been calculated as 69 dB. The most common pattern in pure tone audiometry curves ,was ‘flat pattern’(75% ,and then ,’down sloping pattern’(16%.The most adjunctive clinical symptom was “tinnitus”(in 78.7%, and 40% of patients had “true vertigo”. 44.4% of our patients had some evidences of upper respiratory tract infections (URIs during recent 2 weeks. Positive family history, smoking, alcohol intake ,oral contraceptive and ototoxic drugs consumption were uncommon. 24% of cases (11 of 39 had increased ESR, and 100% of 39 patients had negative VDRL. Diabetes mellitus was the most common underlying disease (in 6 cases.From 20 patients ,who were succeeded to perform brain and ear MRI, 2 cases had tumor in internal auditory canal and cerebellopontine angle. Conclusion: SSNHL has some limitations in being studied histopathologically or in the form of
Gordon, J S; Griest, S E; Thielman, E J; Carlson, K F; Helt, W J; Lewis, M S; Blankenship, C; Austin, D; Theodoroff, S M; Henry, J A
Military Service Members are often exposed to high levels of occupational noise, solvents, and other exposures that can be damaging to the auditory system. Little is known about hearing loss and how it progresses in Veterans following military service. This epidemiology study is designed to evaluate and monitor a cohort of Veterans for 20 years or more to determine how hearing loss changes over time and how those changes are related to noise exposure and other ototoxic exposures encountered during military service. Data reported here are from baseline assessments of the first 100 study participants (84 males; 16 females; mean age 33.5 years; SD 8.8; range 21-58). Each participant was asked to complete a comprehensive audiologic examination and self-report questionnaires regarding sociodemographic characteristics, noise and solvent exposures, health conditions common among post-deployment Veterans, and the social and emotional consequences of hearing loss. For this relatively young cohort, 29% exhibited hearing loss, defined as average hearing threshold >20 dB HL in the conventional audiometric range. Forty-two percent exhibited hearing loss in the extended-high-frequency audiometric range using the same criterion (average hearing threshold >20 dB HL). Certain factors were found to be associated with poorer hearing in both conventional and extended-high-frequency ranges, including age, type of military branch, years of military service, number of military deployments, noise exposure, tinnitus, and a positive screen for post-traumatic stress disorder. Although the majority of participants had hearing within normal limits, 27% reported a self-perceived mild/moderate hearing handicap and 14% reported a significant handicap. Further research is needed to identify a cause for this discrepancy in audiologic results versus self-report. The information obtained from this longitudinal study could be used in future resource planning with the goal of preventing, as much as
Streitenberger, Edgardo Raúl; Suárez, Ariel Ignacio; Masciovecchio, María Verónica; Laurnagaray, Diana; Alda, Ernesto
Hearing loss may be attributed to genetic and environmental factors. Mutations in the gene of the CX26 protein (connexin 26), are responsible for 30-80% of all cases of non-syndromic profound hearing loss. The 35delG is the most frequent variant in the caucasian population. As to environmental factors, the cytomegalovirus (CMV) is the main cause of congenital infection. To determine the prevalence of congenital CMV infection and the frequency of the 35delG mutation in newborns. To identify those at risk of suffering hearing loss in order to do an audiologic follow-up of detected cases. One thousand and twenty samples of dry blood spots corresponding to newborns were tested using conventional and real time PCR. Audiologic screening was performed to all newborns before hospital discharge. Fifteen out of 1020 subjects were heterozygous for the mutation. No homozygous patients were found. Six out of the samples tested positive for CMV (confirmed by a urine sample), out of which only one newborn was symptomatic. The auditory brainstem response was recorded in all these children. Hearing loss was found in three children with congenital CMV infection and two with 35delG mutation. The frecuency of 35delG mutation carriers in our population was 1.3% and the CMV congenital infection prevalence was 0.6%. Audiologic monitoring of these two populations allowed detection of hearing loss of late onset.
Full Text Available Abstract Background Multi-drug resistant tuberculosis has emerged as a significant problem with the resurfacing of tuberculosis and thus the need to use the second line drugs with the resultant increased incidence of adverse effects. We discuss the effect of second line aminoglycoside anti-tubercular drugs on the hearing status of MDR-TB patients. Methods Sixty four patients were put on second line aminoglycoside anti-TB drugs. These were divided into three groups: group I, 34 patients using amikacin, group II, 26 patients using kanamycin and group III, 4 patients using capreomycin. Results Of these, 18.75% of the patients developed sensorineural hearing loss involving higher frequencies while 6.25% had involvement of speech frequencies also. All patients were seen again approximately one year after aminoglycoside discontinuation and all hearing losses were permanent with no threshold improvement. Conclusion Aminoglycosides used in MDR-TB patients may result in irreversible hearing loss involving higher frequencies and can become a hearing handicap as speech frequencies are also involved in some of the patients thus underlining the need for regular audiologic evaluation in patients of MDR-TB during the treatment.
Fuchsmann, Carine; Tringali, Stéphane; Disant, François; Buiret, Guillaume; Dubreuil, Christian; Froehlich, Patrick; Truy, Eric
The BAHA (bone-anchored hearing aid) remains the most reliable method of auditory rehabilitation for patients with congenital aural atresia and improves hearing outcome and quality of life in these patients who are otherwise unable to benefit from traditional hearing aids. New techniques are being developed, such as fully implantable hearing devices, and will have to prove their efficacy and safety in this indication. To evaluate the audiological results and patient satisfaction after rehabilitation of congenital aural atresia using the BAHA. Sixteen patients suffering from bilateral congenital aural atresia were implanted with unilateral BAHA. Preoperative air- and bone-conduction thresholds and air-bone gap (ABG), preoperative sound reception threshold (SRT), postoperative aided thresholds, implantation complications, patient satisfaction, and the APHAB questionnaire were collected. After a mean follow-up period of 6.5 years, 15 patients were still using their device. Each patient had an average improvement of 33 ± 7 dB. Closure of the ABG within 15 dB of the preoperative bone-conduction thresholds occurred in 10 patients. Adverse skin reactions appeared in 50% of patients over 6.5 years of follow-up. Eleven of the 12 patients used their BAHA for more than 8 h per day.
Full Text Available The current study aimed to determine the current practice of pediatric physicians in the referral of children (0-3 years for further audiological evaluation in the South African public health care sector. Sixty three pediatric physicians comprising of pediatricians, neonatologists, medical officers, registrars and interns from three academic hospitals completed a self- administered questionnaire. Most participants reported referrals to an audiologist when hearing loss was suspected. An average of eight risk factors for hearing loss listed on the Health Professionals Council of South Africa (HPCSA 2007 position statement were identified by participants, indicating the need for referral. Generally, participants reported that referral/s occurred easily within the respective hospitals. Results highlight that pediatric physicians are aware of the role that audiologists play in the diagnosis and management of hearing loss, are involved in the referral of children that are at risk for hearing loss, and have awareness of some of the known risk factors associated with hearing loss. Further education regarding other risk factors is required in order to increase referral/s, and ensure appropriate referral of children at risk for hearing loss.
Full Text Available Audiologists and speech-language therapists working in developing contexts like South Africa have the opportunity to address a range of needs through their research. One of these needs is the development of assessments and therapy materials that are appropriate for their clients’particular language needs and cultural background. This editorial paper aims to introduce original research in speech-language therapy and audiology, which has been carried out in South Africa and other developing contexts and is presented in this volume of the journal. In addition we suggest that while the focus of much research is on the destination or end product that is developed, there is a need to share the methodologies that are used to reach that goal so that more research can be carried out by a wider pool of students, researchers and clinicians. We describe some of the methods that we have used in our research – often in small scale projects with budgetary constraints, which would be feasible for clinicians in their routine clinical contexts. Our hope is that others can build on these approaches, critique and share their own strategies for the ultimate advancement of the professions in southern Africa.
Aazh, Hashir; Moore, Brian C J; Lammaing, Karen; Cropley, Mark
To assess patients' judgements of the effectiveness of the tinnitus and hyperacusis therapies offered in a specialist UK National Health Service audiology department. Cross-sectional service evaluation questionnaire survey. Patients were asked to rank the effectiveness of the treatment they received on a scale from 1 to 5 (1 = no effect, 5 = very effective). The questionnaire was sent to all patients who received treatment between January and March 2014 (n = 200) and 92 questionnaires were returned. The mean score was greatest for counselling (Mean = 4.7, SD = 0.6), followed by education (Mean = 4.5, SD = 0.8), cognitive behavioural therapy - CBT (Mean = 4.4, SD = 0.7), and hearing tests (Mean = 4.4, SD = 0.9). Only 6% of responders rated counselling as 3 or below. In contrast, bedside sound generators, hearing aids, and wideband noise generators were rated as 3 or below by 25%, 36%, and 47% of participants, respectively. The most effective components of the tinnitus and hyperacusis therapy interventions were judged by the patients to be counselling, education, and CBT.
Lassaletta, Luis; Calvino, Miryam; Sánchez-Cuadrado, Isabel; Pérez-Mora, Rosa M; Muñoz, Elena; Gavilán, Javier
To evaluate the audiological, surgical, quality of life, and quality of sound outcomes in adults with open cavities implanted with the Vibrant Soundbridge (VSB) implant using round window (RW) vibroplasty approach. Retrospective study. Otolaryngology department, tertiary referral hospital. Twelve adult patients with conductive or mixed hearing loss, all with previous middle ear surgery, underwent RW vibroplasty in an open cavity. Compound action potential thresholds were assessed during surgery. Surgical complications were recorded. Subjective benefit was evaluated using the Nijmegen Cochlear Implant Questionnaire (NCIQ), Glasgow Benefit Inventory (GBI), and Hearing Implant Sound Quality Index (HISQUI29) tests. Mean follow-up was 42 months (range 12-76). There was no significant change in bone conduction thresholds after surgery. Mean functional gain was 34.3 dB and speech discrimination score at 65 dB significantly improved from 14 to 83%. Extrusion of the wire link was the main surgical complication in four patients. All NCIQ domains improved after surgery. All patients had a positive overall GBI score (mean 35.0). Mean HISQUI29 score was 152.8, on average the quality of sound being defined as "very good." VSB is an effective method of hearing restoration for adults with open cavities suffering from conductive or mixed hearing loss. Intraoperative electrocochleography may be considered of significant help to check the coupling to the inner ear. The high rate of extrusion suggests that middle ear obliteration may be considered in these patients.
Aazh, Hashir; Moore, Brian C. J.; Lammaing, Karen; Cropley, Mark
Abstract Objective: To assess patients’ judgements of the effectiveness of the tinnitus and hyperacusis therapies offered in a specialist UK National Health Service audiology department. Design: Cross-sectional service evaluation questionnaire survey. Patients were asked to rank the effectiveness of the treatment they received on a scale from 1 to 5 (1 = no effect, 5 = very effective). Study sample: The questionnaire was sent to all patients who received treatment between January and March 2014 (n = 200) and 92 questionnaires were returned. Results : The mean score was greatest for counselling (Mean = 4.7, SD = 0.6), followed by education (Mean = 4.5, SD = 0.8), cognitive behavioural therapy - CBT (Mean = 4.4, SD = 0.7), and hearing tests (Mean = 4.4, SD = 0.9). Only 6% of responders rated counselling as 3 or below. In contrast, bedside sound generators, hearing aids, and wideband noise generators were rated as 3 or below by 25%, 36%, and 47% of participants, respectively. Conclusion: The most effective components of the tinnitus and hyperacusis therapy interventions were judged by the patients to be counselling, education, and CBT. PMID:27195947
Moodley, Selvarani; Störbeck, Claudine
Within the Early Hearing Detection and Intervention (EHDI) pathway, which includes the processes of screening, diagnosis and intervention for paediatric hearing loss, paediatric diagnostic audiology involves a battery of specific tests and procedures. International studies have highlighted a golden standard for diagnosis of paediatric hearing loss as based on the Joint Committee of Infant Hearing (2007) diagnostic guidelines, closely resembling the HPCSA diagnostic guidelines. There are limited South African studies on the processes and protocols followed in diagnostic paediatric audiology. This study aims to provide a comparison for how the tests used for diagnosis of paediatric hearing loss in South Africa (within both the public and private healthcare sectors) compare to the HPCSA recommended diagnostic guidelines. A retrospective record review of paediatric clients with hearing loss (recruited through nonprobability convenience sampling) was conducted. This study is part of a longitudinal study of 711 deaf or hard of hearing children referred to the HI HOPES early intervention programme from September 2006 to December 2011. Diagnostic data from audiology reports of 117 children between 0 and 36 months were coded and analysed. Large variation was found in the tests included in the diagnostic audiology reports. For 22 children (19%) a comprehensive test battery was used. Health Professions Council of South Africa (HPCSA) recommended guidelines for diagnostic testing were not followed in any of the records analysed. Components of the HPCSA recommended test battery most frequently omitted was bone conduction testing. For both electrophysiology and behavioural testing, there was limited frequency specificity information. This exclusion of information is evidence of deficiencies in data recording and management, as well as having an effect on accuracy of classification of degree and type of hearing loss. There are gaps in age-appropriate assessment protocols, which
Emmerich, Edeltraut; Rudel, Lars; Richter, Frank
The sound in classical orchestral music is louder than noise emissions allowed by national rules in industry. We wanted to assess the audiologic status of professional musicians at different ages of their careers and to look for a coherence of declined hearing ability and the sound emissions in order to substantiate advices for hearing protection and occupational medicine in musicians. Data from questionnaires (anamnestic data on sound exposure in profession and leisure times, use of hearing protection, self-evaluation of hearing function and hearing deficits), audiometric data and amplitudes of OAE were evaluated from 109 professional musicians aged 30-69 years from three major German orchestras and from 110 students of an academy of music (aged 11-19 years). Sound emissions of the whole orchestra and of single instruments/instrument groups were measured at the orchestra stages and pits during rehearsals and performances. None of the musicians was engaged in noisy hobbies and only a few used hearing protectors regularly. More than 50% of the musicians had a hearing loss of 15 dB(A) and more. Highest losses were found among the strings and the brass players. DPOAE amplitudes coincidently declined with the duration of performing music in the orchestras. Professional musicians aged older than 60 years had a significantly greater hearing loss at 4 and 6 kHz than those aged 30-39 years. Among the strings in one orchestra a dominant hearing deficit in the left ears was observed. Musicians need the same health care for their hearing as workers in noisy industry. A better education on the hearing hazards (use of hearing protectors) as well as sound protection in the rehearsal rooms is necessary. Hearing loss in professional musicians should be accepted as an occupational disease.
Weir, Forest W; Wallace, Sarah A; White, David R; Hatch, Jonathan L; Nguyen, Shaun A; Meyer, Ted A
The focus of this study was to evaluate the prevalence, type, and severity of hearing impairment in patients with velo-cardio-facial syndrome (VCFS) and to compare these characteristics with patient demographics and other otologic factors. Retrospective analysis of the AudGen Database. Tertiary academic referral center. Pediatric patients in AudGenDB with a diagnosis of velo-cardio-facial syndrome or DiGeorge syndrome. Appropriate audiologic, otologic, and demographic data were recorded. Four hundred six patients met inclusion criteria. Data for each patient were selected based on their encounters with earliest complete audiometric data, and hearing loss (HL) was defined as greater than 15 dB HL at any threshold by pure tone or greater than 20 dB HL by soundfield audiometry. The patients were then stratified by type and severity of HL, and available otologic and medical conditions were documented. Two hundred forty eight (60.7%) patients had HL. Of the 391 individual HL ears, 127 had conductive, 22 had sensorineural, 115 had mixed, and 127 had unspecified hearing loss. 57% of the loss was bilateral. Patients with mixed HL had significantly worse pure-tone averages (PTAs). HL is prevalent in patients with VCFS. The hearing loss is primarily of conductive origin, with a predisposition to be bilateral, with mixed HL typically have more severe loss. There were a large number of patients with sensorineural hearing loss components as well. Further studies are needed to investigate the causal nature of the hearing impairment in VCFS, to better aid otolaryngologist and audiologists when assessing these patients.
Mariana Sodário Cruz
Full Text Available TEMA: os inquéritos de saúde constituem uma abordagem eficiente para estudos populacionais, sendo tal metodologia ainda pouco difundida entre os fonoaudiólogos brasileiros. Para a realização e análise de um estudo com base em inquéritos de saúde, o profissional deve transcender a visão clínica fonoaudiológica, partindo para uma abordagem social, demográfica, econômica e de saúde geral. OBJETIVO: realizar abordagem teórica acerca dos inquéritos de saúde, seus conceitos, histórico e resultados publicados no campo fonoaudiológico, com enfoque em saúde auditiva. CONCLUSÃO: os inquéritos de saúde constituem-se num método de investigação importante a ser explorado pelos fonoaudiólogos para que passem a recomendar ações relacionadas à saúde auditiva em sintonia com necessidades da população embasadas em dados epidemiológicos fidedignos.BACKGROUND: health surveys make up an efficient approach for population researches, and this methodology is not widely diffused among Brazilian audiologists and speech-language pathologists. In order to carry out a research based on health surveys; the professional should transcend the clinical audiologist and speech-language pathologist view, aiming at a social, demographic and economic view of health. PURPOSE: achieve theoretic approach about health inquiries, their concepts, history and published results in audiology and speech-language science, with emphasis on hearing health. CONCLUSION: health surveys make up an important investigation method to be explored by audiologists and speech-language pathologists, so that they mat recommend actions related to hearing health according with the population needs based on reliable epidemiologic data.
Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To describe the quantitative treatment outcomes of patients undergoing acoustic coordinated reset (CR neuromodulation at a single independent audiology practice over a 22 – 26 week period as part of an open label, non-randomized, non-controlled observational study.Methods: Sixty six patients with subjective tonal tinnitus were treated with acoustic CR Neuromodulation with a retrospective review of patient records being performed in order to identify changes of visual analogue scale (VAS, n=66 and in the score of the Tinnitus Handicap Questionnaire (THQ, n =51. Patients had their tinnitus severity recorded prior to the initiation of therapy using the Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI in order to categorize patients into slight up to catastrophic impact categories. THQ and VAS for tinnitus loudness / annoyance were obtained at the patient’s initial visit, at 10-14 weeks and 22-26 weeks. RESULTS: VAS scores were significantly improved, demonstrating a 25.8% mean reduction in tinnitus loudness and a 32% mean reduction in tinnitus annoyance with a clinically significant reduction in percept loudness and annoyance being recorded in 59.1% and 72.7% of the patient group. THQ scores were significantly improved by 19.4% after 22-26 weeks of therapy compared to baseline. CONCLUSION: Acoustic CR neuromodulation therapy appears to be a practical and promising treatment for subjective tonal tinnitus. However, due to the lack of a control group it is difficult to reach an absolute conclusion regarding to what extent the observed effects are related directly to the acoustic CR neuromodulation therapy. Also as the observed patient group was made up of paying clients it is unknown as to whether this could have caused any additional placebo like effects to influence the final results.
MARIA INÊS VIEIRA COUTO
Full Text Available A deficiência auditiva é uma das sequelas da meningite bacteriana que ocorre com maior frequência em crianças. Este estudo descreve o perfil audiológico (periférico e central de crianças internadas com diagnóstico de meningite bacteriana. Nas 89 crianças que compareceram ao seguimento audiológico após a alta hospitalar e foram submetidas aos testes audiológicos, os resultados evidenciaram que 85,4% apresentaram acuidade auditiva normal em ambas orelhas, 10,1% apresentaram deficiência auditiva neurossensorial bilateral e 4,5% apresentaram deficiência auditiva neurossensorial unilateral. Nos testes que avaliaram as habilidades de processamento auditivo, os resultados mostraram que 10% dessas crianças apresentaram alteração no desempenho de localização auditiva e de reconhecimento de sentenças com mensagem competitiva ipsilateral.Hearing loss is the more frequent sequel of bacterial meningitis in children. This study describes the audiological profile (peripheric and central of 89 children admitted to the hospital wards with the diagnosis of bacterial meningitis. Those children attended audiological follow up, after their hospital descharge, and were submitted to audiological tests. The results showed that 85.4% among them presented normal hearing in both ears 10.1% presented bilateral neurosensorial hearing loss and 4.5% presented unilateral neurosensorial hearing loss. The results from the auditory processing skills assessment showed that 10% of those children presented auditory localization and recognition of sentences with competitive messages (Paediatric Sentences Identification - ipsilateral disorders.
Bagatto, Marlene; Moodie, Sheila; Brown, Christine; Malandrino, April; Richert, Frances; Clench, Debbie; Scollie, Susan
Guidelines and protocols for pediatric hearing aid fitting are necessary to meet the goals of Early Hearing Detection and Intervention (EHDI) programs. The American Academy of Audiology published an update to their Pediatric Amplification Guideline in 2013. Ontario's Infant Hearing Program (IHP) offers specific protocols that aim to fulfill recommended guidelines. It has recently been updated to align with the American Academy of Audiology Guideline and other evidence. A summary of the updates to the Ontario IHP's Amplification Protocol is described. In addition, data illustrating hearing-related outcomes of the program are offered. The updated Ontario protocol is based on evidence, wherever possible. Where research is not yet available, clinical decision support has been described in a systematic way. Outcomes of the Ontario IHP were obtained through a longitudinal clinical observation study. One hundred and fifteen children with hearing loss, who wore hearing aids, were included in the outcome analyses (mean = 28.6 mo; range = 1.3-115.3 mo). Hearing losses ranged from mild to profound, unilateral or bilateral sensorineural (pure-tone average = 52.3 dB HL). They were recruited from four IHP clinics within Ontario. Children with complexities in addition to hearing loss were included. The children were fitted with hearing aids following Ontario's Amplification Protocol. During routine clinical appointments, IHP Audiologists administered questionnaires to the parents of their pediatric patients using a systematic outcome measurement protocol (University of Western Ontario Pediatric Audiological Monitoring Protocol). Hearing aid fitting details (e.g., speech intelligibility index) were also gathered to describe the quality of the hearing aid fittings in relation to the functional outcomes. Regression analyses were conducted to characterize scores on the questionnaires and the impact of important variables. Children with complexities were analyzed separately from those
Full Text Available Diagnostic ultrasound is a beneficial technique which can be used the audiologists based on essential instruction. Although there are a lot of barriers in relation to the size of the probe and the resolution of the pictures which are obtained,with this method some kind of information can be gained that is impossible to get by any other method. The ability of real- time A and B modes for direct visualization makes them useful tools to study the changes of the ear structures. Ultrasound system is a useful method to evaluate dizzy patients, which can be potentially used along with vestibular tests.
Scollie, Susan; Glista, Danielle; Seto, Julie; Dunn, Andrea; Schuett, Brittany; Hawkins, Marianne; Pourmand, Nazanin; Parsa, Vijay
tested at each setting. The relation between the hearing aid verification measures and the listener's ability to detect and discriminate between fricatives was examined. Verification measures made with the simulated fricatives agreed to within 4 dB, on average, and tended to mimic the frequency response shape of fricatives presented in a running speech context. Some processors showed a greater aided response level for fricatives in running speech than fricatives presented in isolation. Results with listeners indicated that verified settings that provided a positive sensation level of /s/ and that maximized the frequency difference between /s/ and /∫/ tended to have the best performance. Frequency-lowering signal processors have measureable effects on the high-frequency fricative content of speech, particularly female /s/. It is possible to measure these effects either with a simple strategy that presents an isolated simulated fricative and measures the aided frequency response or with a more complex system that extracts fricatives from running speech. For some processors, a more accurate result may be achieved with a running speech system. In listeners, the aided frequency location and sensation level of fricatives may be helpful in predicting whether a specific hearing aid fitting, with or without frequency-lowering, will support access to the fricatives of speech. American Academy of Audiology.
Patrícia Cotta Mancini
Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Investigar a existência de alterações na audição de crianças com fenilcetonúria diagnosticadas e tratadas precocemente e comparar os resultados com os encontrados nas avaliações auditivas de crianças normais de mesma idade. MÉTODOS: Foram realizadas imitanciometria e audiometria tonal e vocal em 63 crianças, sendo 30 no grupo controle, com média de idade de 8,1 anos, e 33 com fenilcetonúria no grupo de estudo, com média de idade de 7,7 anos. O grupo de estudo foi subdividido em 15 crianças com controle adequado da dieta e 18 crianças com controle inadequado da dieta, com médias de idade 8,1 e 7,2, respectivamente. A análise estatística utilizou o Teste t ou ANOVA. RESULTADOS: A audiometria revelou 83,3% de crianças com audição normal no grupo controle e 16,7% de perdas auditivas condutivas uni ou bilaterais. No grupo com fenilcetonúria, 66,7% das crianças apresentaram audição normal e 33,3% com perdas auditivas condutivas. Na imitanciometria, observou-se curvas normais em 91,7% das crianças do grupo controle e em 72,7% das crianças do grupo com fenilcetonúria. Houve diferença na comparação entre grupos para limiares aéreos, reflexos estapedianos, limiares de recepção da fala e índice de reconhecimento de fala. Não foi observada diferença entre os resultados das avaliações auditivas de crianças fenilcetonúricas com dieta adequada e inadequada. CONCLUSÃO: As crianças com fenilcetonúria diagnosticadas e tratadas precocemente apresentaram piores limiares de audibilidade por via aérea, limiares de recepção de fala e índice de reconhecimento de fala evidenciados à audiometria tonal e vocal, quando comparadas com crianças normais.PURPOSE: To investigate the existence of hearing impairments in infants with phenylketonuria with early diagnose and treatment, and to compare the audiological findings with those of their normal peers. METHODS: Vocal and pure-tone audiometry and acoustic immitance
Peñaranda, Daniel; Garcia, Juan Manuel; Aparicio, Maria Leonor; Montes, Felipe; Barón, Clemencia; Jiménez, Roberto C; Peñaranda, Augusto
The bone-anchored hearing aid is an effective form of auditory rehabilitation. Due to the nature of the implant, the most common complications are skin related. A number of alternative surgical implantation techniques have been used to reduce the frequency and severity of skin complications, including the U-shaped graft and the linear incision. To assess skin complications and their association with surgical technique, quality of life, and audiological benefit in patients with bone-anchored hearing aids. This was a retrospective study conducted in a tertiary referral center in Bogotá, Colombia. Patients who had been fitted with a bone-anchored hearing aid implant (unilaterally or bilaterally) for at least 6 months were included in the study. The Holgers classification was used to classify skin complications (Grade 0=none; Grade 1=erythema; Grade 2=erythema and discharge; Grade 3=granulation tissue; and Grade 4=inflammation/infection resulting in the removal of the abutment). The Glasgow Benefit Inventory questionnaire was used to determine quality of life, and the Abbreviated Profile of Hearing Aid Benefit questionnaire was used to determine the subjective audiological benefit. A total of 37 patients were included in the study (30 with unilateral implants and 7 with bilateral implant). Of the 44 implants evaluated, 31 (70.3%) were associated with skin complications (7 [15.9%] Grade 1; 4 [9.1%] Grade 2; 15 [34.1%] Grade 3, 5 [11.4%] Grade 4). The U-shaped graft was statistically associated with major complications (Grades 3 and 4) compared with the linear incision technique (p=0.045). No statistically significant differences were found between Abbreviated Profile of Hearing Aid Benefit scores and severity of complications. Similarly, no differences were found between Glasgow Benefit Inventory physical health questions and skin complications. Despite the high frequency, skin complications did not seem to affect quality of life or subjective audiological benefits of
Walker, Elizabeth; McCreery, Ryan; Spratford, Meredith; Roush, Patricia
Up to 15% of children with permanent hearing loss (HL) have auditory neuropathy spectrum disorder (ANSD), which involves normal outer hair cell function and disordered afferent neural activity in the auditory nerve or brainstem. Given the varying presentations of ANSD in children, there is a need for more evidence-based research on appropriate clinical interventions for this population. This study compared the speech production, speech perception, and language outcomes of children with ANSD, who are hard of hearing, to children with similar degrees of mild-to-moderately severe sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL), all of whom were fitted with bilateral hearing aids (HAs) based on the American Academy of Audiology pediatric amplification guidelines. Speech perception and communication outcomes data were gathered in a prospective accelerated longitudinal design, with entry into the study between six mo and seven yr of age. Three sites were involved in participant recruitment: Boys Town National Research Hospital, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and the University of Iowa. The sample consisted of 12 children with ANSD and 22 children with SNHL. The groups were matched based on better-ear pure-tone average, better-ear aided speech intelligibility index, gender, maternal education level, and newborn hearing screening result (i.e., pass or refer). Children and their families participated in an initial baseline visit, followed by visits twice a year for children children >2 yr of age. Paired-sample t-tests were used to compare children with ANSD to children with SNHL. Paired t-tests indicated no significant differences between the ANSD and SNHL groups on language and articulation measures. Children with ANSD displayed functional speech perception skills in quiet. Although the number of participants was too small to conduct statistical analyses for speech perception testing, there appeared to be a trend in which the ANSD group performed more poorly in
Luís Cláudio do Carmo
Full Text Available A população idosa brasileira cresce e representa 8,6% do total populacional. Fatores ambientais, hábitos de vida, sexo e fatores genéticos interferem na evolução da presbiacusia que reduz a qualidade de vida. OBJETIVO: Investigar queixas audiológicas e vestibulares em idosos, executar audiometria tonal, verificar se há diferenças entre os sexos. FORMA DE ESTUDO: Clínico prospectivo de corte transversal. MATERIAL E MÉTODO: 320 pacientes idosos (160 homens e 160 mulheres foram submetidos a anamnese audiológica e audiometria tonal. Análise estatística dos resultados pelos testes ANOVA, Mann-Whitney e Qui-Quadrado. RESULTADO: As queixas audiológicas e vestibulares (perda auditiva, tinnitus, plenitude auricular, tontura foram similares entre os sexos (exceção, a tontura: pThe Brazilian elderly population is growing, and already represents 8,6% of our total population. Environmental factors, lifestyle, gender and genetics impact the development of presbycusis, which reduces quality of life. AIM: investigate audiologic and vestibular complaints in the elderly; perform tonal audiometry and check to see if there are differences between genders. STUDY: Cross-sectional clinical prospective study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 320 elderly patients (160 men and 160 women were submitted to audiologic interview and tonal audiometry. The results were statistically analyzed by the following methods: ANOVA, Mann-Whitney and Chi-Squared. RESULTS: audiologic and vestibular complaints (hearing loss, tinnitus, ear fullness, dizziness were similar between the genders (except for dizziness: p<0,05; tonal audiometry showed a significant difference, with hearing loss in the high frequencies among men; and among women the curves were descending and flat. These results were statistically significant (P<0,001. CONCLUSION: our results lead us to conclude that, when the genders are compared, hearing loss in the elderly has similar symptoms; however, there are
Juliana Cunha da Costa
Full Text Available OBJETIVO: realizar uma análise retrospectiva dos prontuários de pacientes oncológicos quanto ao monitoramento auditivo. MÉTODOS: foram utilizados os prontuários dos pacientes em atendimento durante os meses de setembro a novembro de 2006. A amostra constituiu-se de 25 prontuários de indivíduos com idade compreendida entre um e 53 anos. Foram analisados os dados quanto aos seguintes aspectos: idade, sexo, classificação do câncer, tempo de apresentação da doença, medicamentos utilizados, tempo de tratamento quimioterápico, doenças associadas, realização de avaliação otorrinolaringológica e audiológica. RESULTADOS: verificou-se a falta de acompanhamento audiológico e otorrinolaringológico. A Vincristina foi o medicamento ototóxico mais utilizado. O tipo de câncer de maior ocorrência no setor foi a Leucemia Linfocítica aguda. O tempo que os indivíduos apresentavam o câncer foi de aproximadamente 16 meses e o tempo de tratamento quimioterápico desses pacientes foi em torno de 11 meses. Observou-se, também, a presença de doenças associadas ao câncer nos indivíduos pesquisados. CONCLUSÃO: constatou-se a necessidade de se instalar programas de monitoramento auditivo nos setores que realizam quimioterapia em pacientes oncológicos, uma vez que este tratamento utiliza medicamentos ototóxicos em diversas patologias.PURPOSE: to accomplish a retrospective analysis for medical records of oncologic patient for audiological monitoring. METHODS: the patients' medical records in attendance were used from September to November, 2006. The sample constituted of 25 medical records of individuals with ages between 1 and 53-year old. The data were analyzed as for the following aspects: age, sex, cancer classification, time having the disease, used drugs, time of chemotherapy treatment, associated diseases, accomplishment of otorhinolaryngologic and audiologic evaluation. RESULTS: we verified the lack of audiologic and
Karina Aki Otubo
Full Text Available Tocar um instrumento musical requer a integração das habilidades perceptiva, motora, e cognitiva, desenvolvidas modularmente, de forma gradativa e hierarquicamente coordenada. Na realização de uma obra musical, a audição atua de forma marcante na sua complexa associação com o cérebro, capaz de produzir mudanças comportamentais e emocionais nos humanos. O presente estudo analisa o perfil audiológico de estudantes de graduação em Música, que foram submetidos à Avaliação Audiológica (Entrevista, Audiometria Tonal Liminar, Logoaudiometria, e Imitanciometria, além dos exames complementares de Audiometria Tonal de Altas Frequências (AT-AF e Emissões Otoacústicas Evocadas por Estímulo Transiente (EOAT. Os resultados indicaram que os estudantes apresentam audição dentro da normalidade. Entretanto, ações educativas e preventivas são essenciais para promover a conscientização sobre alterações auditivas nesse grupo de risco.Playing a musical instrument demands integration of perceptive, motor and cognitive skills, modularly and gradually developed and in a hierarchically coordinated fashion. In music performance, the complex association between hearing and the brain is central, one capable of producing behavioral and emotional changes in human beings. The present study analyzes audiological profiles of music students, who were submitted to Audiological Assessment (Interview, Threshold Tonal Audiometry, Logoaudiometry and Imitanciometry, besides the complementary examinations of High Frequencies Tonal Audiometry and Transient Evoked Otoacustic Emissions. The results indicated normal hearing for the students. Nevertheless, preventive and educative actions are essential to promote awareness of auditory alterations within this risk group.
Austad, Bjarne; Hetlevik, Irene; Bugten, Vegard; Wennberg, Siri; Olsen, Anita Helene; Helvik, Anne-Sofie
A university hospital in Mid-Norway has modified their guidelines for follow-up after insertion of ventilation tubes (VTs) in the tympanic membrane, transferring the controls of the healthiest children to general practitioners (GPs). The aim of this study was to evaluate the implementation of these guidelines by exploring audiological outcome and subjective hearing complaints two years after surgery, assessing if follow-ups in general practice resulted in poorer outcome. A retrospective observational study was performed at the university hospital and in general practice in Mid-Norway. Children below 18 years who underwent surgery with VTs between Nov 1st 2007 and Dec 31st 2008 (n = 136) were invited to participate. Pure tone audiometry, speech audiometry and tympanometry were measured. A self-report questionnaire assessed subjective hearing, ear complaints and the location of follow-ups. This study includes enough patients to observe group differences in mean threshold (0.5-1-2-4 kHz) of 9 dB or more. There were no preoperative differences in audiometry or tympanometry between the children scheduled for follow-ups by GPs (n = 23) or otolaryngologists (n = 50). Two years after surgery there were no differences between the GP and otolaryngologist groups in improvement of mean hearing thresholds (12.8 vs 12.6 dB, p = 0.9) or reduction of middle ears with effusion (78.0 vs 75.0%, p = 0.9). We found no differences between the groups in terms of parental reports of child hearing or ear complaints. Implementation of new clinical guidelines for follow-ups after insertion of VTs did not negatively affect audiological outcomes or subjective hearing complaints two years after surgery.
Watermeyer, J; Barratt, J
Locally and internationally, there have been renewed calls for equitable access to healthcare services. Simultaneously, caseloads have become more challenging and contexts more complex, which may be overwhelming to new graduates. The South African context offers a particularly interesting example of these challenges. Educators need to use innovative ways to ensure that curricula adequately prepare students for rural community work, while developing a sense of leadership that links clinical practice to theory, policy, ethics and social responsibility. Rural practica offer opportunities for sensitizing and equipping students for working in underserviced communities and a number of international studies have documented their potential usefulness. There is limited research, however, that examines how exposure to rural community work may shape students' responses to the realities of working in such contexts. This study aimed to explore the processes underlying a group of South African speech-language therapy and audiology students' appreciation and understanding of the realities of work in a rural community after a rural practicum. A four-day practicum took place in a rural community in South Africa. The practicum incorporated basic audiological tasks and structured observations. Twenty-five third-year students completed anonymous pre- and post-practicum open-ended questionnaires. The questionnaires explored their expectations and perceptions of the practicum, perceived challenges and benefits of working in rural community areas, and considerations that might need to be taken into account. The questionnaires were analysed and compared using thematic analysis principles. Results revealed a distinction between students' emotional and personal expectations of, and responses to, the practicum compared to their clinical expectations and responses. Before the practicum, students indicated a number of anxieties such as not feeling emotionally prepared or feeling anxious about
Nathali Singaretti Moreno
Full Text Available A Vertigem Posicional Paroxística Benigna (VPPB é uma das causas mais comuns de tontura, sendo a desordem vestibular mais comum em idosos vertiginosos. Seu quadro clínico característico é tontura ao movimentar a cabeça, com ausência de alterações auditivas. OBJETIVO: Este trabalho tem como objetivo verificar as características audiológicas de idosos com VPPB de canal posterior. MATERIAL E MÉTODO: Foi realizada uma análise retrospectiva de exames de audiometria tonal limiar de 37 idosos com VPPB de canal posterior e de 37 idosos sem nenhuma queixa de tontura e/ou vertigem, sendo observadas as características audiológicas dos dois grupos estudados. RESULTADOS: Ambos os grupos apresentaram altos índices de perda auditiva, sendo observada, predominantemente, perda auditiva do tipo neurossensorial descendente, não havendo diferença estatisticamente significante entre os grupos. CONCLUSÃO: Diante desses dados, podemos concluir que a VPPB de canal posterior não tem influência sobre as características da perda auditiva em idosos, porém, devido à degeneração espontânea do sistema vestíbulo-coclear, tal população tem prevalência de perda auditiva.Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV is one of the most common causes of dizziness; it constitutes the most common vestibular disorder in the elderly with vertigo. Its characteristic clinical aspect is dizziness at head movement, with not hearing alteration. AIM: This paper aims at studying the audiologic characteristics of elderly with BPPV of the posterior semicircular canal. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We carried out a retrospective analysis of threshold tonal audiometry exams of 37 senior citizens with posterior semicircular canal BPPV and also of 37 elderly without complaints of dizziness and/or vertigo, and we studied the audiologic characteristics of the two groups. RESULTS: Both groups had high rates of hearing loss, especially the descending curve sensorineural type, and
Côté, Mathieu; Trudel, Mathieu; Philippon, Daniel; Bussières, Richard
To report a case of partial extraction of the electrode array during revision cochlear implant surgery and to discuss the surgical management of this rare complication. Clinical presentation The safety of revision cochlear implant surgery has long been demonstrated. Only five cases of partial extraction of the electrode array with intracochlear retention have been reported in the literature. In this report, we describe the case of a 12-year-old boy with post-meningitis deafness who suffered this complication. Despite intracochlear retention of four electrodes, the surgical team was able to perform partial insertion of a Med-El compressed array: a total of 8 electrodes out of 12 were implanted in the same scala tympani. Five months after the surgery, the patient had access for the first time to open-set speech recognition. He could recognize 77% of open-set sentences in silence compared to 14% after initial implant activation. Seven months after the surgery, the patient was implanted in his contralateral ear with a Med-El Pulsar split array and now benefits from bilateral auditory stimulation. Partial insertion of a compressed array represents a viable option when facing incomplete extraction of a cochlear implant electrode array. Indeed, our patient's audiologic performance improved significantly and the results seem to surpass those obtained with partial insertion of a conventional electrode array.
Ekberg, Katie; Grenness, Caitlin; Hickson, Louise
The transtheoretical model (TTM) of behaviour change focuses on clients' readiness for adopting new health behaviours. This study explores how clients' readiness for change can be identified through their interactions with audiologists during history-taking in initial appointments; and whether clients' readiness has consequences for the rehabilitation decisions they make within the initial appointment. Conversation analysis (CA) was used to examine video-recorded initial audiology appointments with older adults with hearing impairment. The data corpus involved 62 recorded appointments with 26 audiologists and their older adult clients (aged 55+ years). Companions were present in 17 appointments. Clients' readiness for change could be observed through their interaction with the audiologist. Analysis demonstrated that the way clients described their hearing in the history-taking phase had systematic consequences for how they responded to rehabilitation recommendations (in particular, hearing aids) in the management phase of the appointment. In particular, clients identified as being in a pre-contemplation stage-of-change were more likely to display resistance to a recommendation of hearing aids (80% declined). The transtheoretical model of behaviour change can be useful for helping audiologists individualize management planning to be congruent with individual clients' needs, attitudes, desires, and psychological readiness for action in order to optimize clients' hearing outcomes.
Akeroyd, Michael A; Arlinger, Stig; Bentler, Ruth A; Boothroyd, Arthur; Dillier, Norbert; Dreschler, Wouter A; Gagné, Jean-Pierre; Lutman, Mark; Wouters, Jan; Wong, Lena; Kollmeier, Birger
To provide guidelines for the development of two types of closed-set speech-perception tests that can be applied and interpreted in the same way across languages. The guidelines cover the digit triplet and the matrix sentence tests that are most commonly used to test speech recognition in noise. They were developed by a working group on Multilingual Speech Tests of the International Collegium of Rehabilitative Audiology (ICRA). The recommendations are based on reviews of existing evaluations of the digit triplet and matrix tests as well as on the research experience of members of the ICRA Working Group. They represent the results of a consensus process. The resulting recommendations deal with: Test design and word selection; Talker characteristics; Audio recording and stimulus preparation; Masking noise; Test administration; and Test validation. By following these guidelines for the development of any new test of this kind, clinicians and researchers working in any language will be able to perform tests whose results can be compared and combined in cross-language studies.
Jaqueline Medeiros de Mello
Otoacoustic (EOA-T and cochlear palpebral reflex. For newborns, those who failed the hearing screening in one or both ears, were referred to a second evaluation. In the retest, while the EOA-T test result in not passing on one or both ears, the child was referred for evaluation and otorhinolaringology management. After completing the Auditory Evoked Potential test, the team of evaluators decided whether it should refer the child to investigate the mutation. When there was suspicion of hearing impairment we collected 3 mL of peripheral venous blood for the detection of mutation in the connexin 26 gene. RESULTS: we observed the presence of conductive hearing loss in 2 neonates (0.22% and sensorineural in 1 (0.11%. In children with sensorineural hearing loss we detected the presence of 35delG mutation. CONCLUSION: the audiological assessment in conjunction with molecular tests of the main GJB2 gene mutations in newborns with suspected hearing loss contributed to the rapid audiological diagnostic, seeking early intervention, educational and genetic counseling and prognosis of the child.
Although there are no standards or guidelines for sound field testing, it is recognized that such testing is an integral part of audiologic evaluation. This paper has reviewed some of the problems in sound field testing, as well as possible solutions to those problems. This review may be summarized as follows: 1. The environment in which sound field testing is conducted is an integral part of the test procedure; thus, the ambient noise and reverberation characteristics of the test room must be known. The test room must have ambient noise levels below the level at which the test signals will occur. 2. The listener must be seated so that the SPL of the test signal is known at that listener's pinna. Thus, care must be taken to exclude anything between the ear of the listener and the loudspeaker, and the height of the loudspeaker must be appropriate for the listener. (Note: If the loudspeakers are raised or lowered, it may be necessary to recalibrate.) The near/far field and direct/reverberant field boundaries should be identified and the listener positioned between those two boundaries. 3. The acoustic properties of the test signal must be defined clearly. An FM signal is best for assessing threshold of hearing. The examiner should measure the SPL and verify the spectral characteristics of the signal. The frequency of calibration measurements should be identical to that used for earphones, generally once every 3 months. Finally, it is important to understand the potential interaction between the test environment, the signal, and the listener when testing in the sound field. If the problems are understood and compensations are made it should be possible to obtain reliable and useful auditory information in the sound field.
Verstraeten, Nadia; Zarowski, Andrzej J; Somers, Thomas; Riff, Daphna; Offeciers, Erwin F
1) To quantify the audiometric differences between the preoperative tests with the Bone-Anchored Hearing Aid (BAHA) attached to the headband or the testband and the final postoperative result with the BAHA positioned at the implanted abutment. 2) To compare the results obtained with the headband and the testband. 3) To quantify the magnitude of the damping through the skin for the BAHA placed at the testband (important for comparison with the implantable hearing aids). Prospective. Tertiary otological referral centre. Ten adult (> or = 14 yr old) BAHA patients (6 male and 4 female subjects) with bilateral air-bone gaps of minimum 40-dB hearing loss and with more than 6 months of BAHA experience with the BAHA "Compact." Audiometric free-field thresholds and speech audiometry scores (Consonant-Vowel-Consonant lists, phonemic score) have been evaluated for 3 conditions: BAHA attached to the implanted "Snap" abutment, to the headband, or to the testband. For frequencies 1 to 4 kHz, significant differences in the range of 5 to 20 dB were found between the BAHA coupled with the Snap abutment and the preoperative testing conditions with the BAHA positioned at the headband or the testband. These differences were also reflected in the speech audiometry with a difference in speech reception threshold of approximately 4 to 7 dB. 1) Significant differences in the audiometric thresholds and the speech understanding scores were found between the preoperative test conditions and the final postoperative result. 2) Audiometric results obtained with the headband and the testband are comparable; therefore, the more comfortable headband is also suitable for the preoperative audiologic evaluation. 3) The magnitude of the skin damping must be accounted for when referring to the audiometric results obtained with the BAHA attached to the testband or headband.
Moodie, Sheila; Pietrobon, Jonathan; Rall, Eileen; Lindley, George; Eiten, Leisha; Gordey, Dave; Davidson, Lisa; Moodie, K Shane; Bagatto, Marlene; Haluschak, Meredith Magathan; Folkeard, Paula; Scollie, Susan
-the-ear hearing aids. American Academy of Audiology.
Diogo Henrique Lira de Andrade
Full Text Available TEMA: achados audiológicos e linguagem em gêmeas regurgitadoras. PROCEDIMENTOS: o estudo consiste no relato dos achados audiológicos e do desenvolvimento da linguagem de duas crianças, irmãs gêmeas regurgitadoras. Para isso, foram realizadas as seguintes etapas: coleta dos dados nos prontuários, relatórios das pacientes e coleta de informações com os familiares. Nos prontuários, além dos achados audiológicos e de linguagem, foi relatado também o tipo de abordagem terapêutica utilizada e os objetivos dos planejamentos diários que nortearam as sessões. RESULTADOS: as crianças apresentaram ausência das emissões otoacústicas evocadas por estímulo transiente e produto de distorção, e potencial evocado auditivo de tronco encefálico via aérea e via óssea com limiar eletrofisiológico em 30 e 35dBNA bilateralmente, tendo sido sugerido no laudo perda auditiva de grau leve. No acompanhamento apresentaram episódios de otite média secretora, confirmada pela avaliação otorrinolaringológica, e curvas timpanométricas do tipo B e C. As crianças iniciaram a terapia fonoaudiológica aos 10 meses de idade. Foram realizadas 32 sessões terapêuticas para o sujeito A.B. e 28 para o sujeito A.E., no período de 11 meses, nas quais as crianças demonstraram evolução, apresentando produções esperadas para a fase linguística do desenvolvimento da linguagem, porém não eram compatíveis com a idade observada na literatura estudada. CONCLUSÃO: as duas crianças com refluxo gastroesofágico apresentaram perda condutiva, audição flutuante nos primeiros dois anos de vida e atraso no desenvolvimento da linguagem. Apesar de suas produções apresentarem atraso, foi possível observar significativa evolução das crianças em relação à aquisição de linguagem dentro do processo terapêutico.BACKGROUND: audiological findings and language in regurgitating twin. PROCEDURES: the study consists of the report concerning the Audiology
Karina Costa Brosco
's syndrome is a rare congenital anomaly, of which the etiology is yet unknown, and characterized by a classical triad of ocular, auricular and vertebral abnormalities. FORMA DE ESTUDO: Serie report. MATERIAL AND METHOD: This study used 30 individuals presenting Goldenhar's syndrome, that were regularly enrolled in the Craniofacial Anomaly Rehabilitation Hospital (HRAC, of both sexes, varying from 8 to 34 years old. AIM: The goal was to characterize the audiologic profile to the individuals presenting this syndrome, thus, assuring a better treatment and orientation for them, and also the establishment of the frequency of contra-lateral auditory commitment in individual with the classical unilateral involvement. RESULTS: The auditory assessment of this study showed ATL, tympanometry, EOA-T and BERA. According to the results, we concluded that 35% (N=10 of the individuals presented, as a characteristic of the audiologic profile, loss of hearing type sensorioneural, mixed with varied levels from moderate to deep (7 uni and 3 bilateral; 13% (n=4 presented conductive loss (bilaterally with levels mild to severe and 3% (n=1 presented a unilateral deep type of sensorioneural loss. This study showed 40% n=12 with normal bilateral hearing and in 10% (n=3 it wasn't possible to establish the characteristic of the audiologic profile, since only the BERA was used as an assessment tool for establishing the electro-physiologic threshold. Of the twelve (12 individuals presenting unilateral malformations of the left ear, only two (02 presented contra-lateral auditory commitment of the ear, one type mixed with a severe level and one conductive of a moderate level. Considering the sex variable, the mayor predominance of the Goldenhar's syndrome was for females (57% compared to the males (43%, but these results weren't statistically significant, as well as for the unaffected anatomical side, that was predominantly the right side.
Alessandra Giannella Samelli
Full Text Available Em virtude da alta prevalência da presbiacusia e dos prejuízos por ela trazidos, uma triagem pode ser útil na identificação da perda auditiva em atenção primária. OBJETIVOS: Estimar a prevalência da perda auditiva em uma população de idosos residentes no Butantã utilizando o método de screening audiológico (questionário e a avaliação audiológica básica; comparar os resultados do screening audiológico e da avaliação audiológica básica, verificando a validade deste instrumento como forma de triagem auditiva. FORMA DE ESTUDO: Do tipo transversal, descritivo. MATERIAL E MÉTODO: Foram selecionados randomicamente 200 sujeitos de ambos os sexos, com faixa etária a partir de 60 anos, para aplicação do screening audiológico (questionário e, destes, 100 indivíduos realizaram a avaliação audiológica completa. Em seguida, os resultados dos dois métodos de avaliação foram comparados. RESULTADOS: Verificou-se que não existe associação estatisticamente significante entre a queixa, obtida pelo questionário e o grau de perda auditiva. CONCLUSÕES: A prevalência de perda auditiva encontrada para esta população foi de aproximadamente 56% pelo screening e de 95% pela avaliação audiológica básica. Desta forma, o screening não se mostrou como instrumento válido para uso em triagem auditiva, quando comparado à avaliação audiológica básica.Given the high prevalence of presbycusis and the damage it brings about, a screening test can be useful in the identification of hearing loss in primary care. AIM: To estimate the prevalence of hearing loss in a representative sample of elderly people living at Butantan using an audiological screening method (questionnaire and a basic audiological evaluation; to compare the results of the two kinds of evaluations, checking the validity of this tool for hearing loss screening. DESIGN: Cross sectional descriptive study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 200 individuals (above 60 years old
McCreery, Ryan; Walker, Elizabeth; Spratford, Meredith; Kirby, Benjamin; Oleson, Jacob; Brennan, Marc
amplification. Use of dB HL thresholds and predictions of hearing aid output to set the safety limit resulted in a larger number of children being classified as above the safety limit than when safety limits were based on dB SPL thresholds and measured hearing aid output. Children above the safety limit for the dB SPL criteria tended to be fit above prescriptive targets. Additional research should seek to explain how the Modified Power Law predictions of threshold shift overestimated risk for children who wear hearing aids. American Academy of Audiology.
Carla Gentile Matas
Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Descrever os resultados obtidos nas avaliações audiológica e eletrofisiológica da audição, verificando a ocorrência de alterações auditivas periféricas e/ou centrais, de indivíduos com síndrome de Landau-Kleffner. MÉTODOS: Foram submetidos à avaliação audiológica (inspeção do meato acústico externo, medidas de imitância acústica, audiometrias tonal e vocal e eletrofisiológica da audição (potenciais evocados auditivos de curta, média e longa latência, quatro indivíduos com diagnóstico de síndrome de Landau-Kleffner, na faixa etária de nove a 19 anos, encaminhados ao Laboratório de Investigação Fonoaudiológica em Potenciais Evocados Auditivos do Curso de Fonoaudiologia da Universidade de São Paulo. RESULTADOS: Os resultados mostraram que 100% dos indivíduos apresentaram alteração em pelo menos uma das avaliações realizadas, sendo que houve uma maior ocorrência de alterações no potencial evocado auditivo de média latência (100% dos indivíduos apresentaram alterações. CONCLUSÕES: Observou-se uma grande ocorrência de alterações nos resultados das avaliações audiológicas e eletrofisiológicas da audição em indivíduos com síndrome de Landau-Kleffner. Enfatiza-se a importância da investigação da função auditiva destes indivíduos a fim de verificar possíveis relações entre os déficits da comunicação e alterações auditivas que possam estar presentes nessa população.PURPOSE: To describe the audiological and electrophysiological results of individuals with Landau-Kleffner syndrome, verifying the occurrence of peripheral and/or central auditory disorders. METHODS: Four individuals with Landau-Kleffner syndrome with ages ranging from nine to 19 years old, referred to the Auditory Evoked Potentials Laboratory of the Speech and Language Pathology and Audiology Course of the University of São Paulo, were submitted to audiologic (otoscopy, immitance measurements, pure tone and
Full Text Available Diagnostic ultrasound is a beneficial technique which can be used the audiologists based on essential instruction. Although there are a lot of barriers in relation to the size of the probe and the resolution of the pictures which are obtained, with this method some kind of information can be gained that is impossible to get by any other method. The ability of real- time A and B modes for direct visualization makes them useful tools to study the changes of the ear structures. Ultrasound system is a useful method to evaluate dizzy patients, which can be potentially used along with vestibular tests.
Daniela R. Sahyeb
practicability and, sometimes, lack of reliable results. According to the literature, a suitable methodology for such assessment, as well as values indicated as normal reference, are still needed. STUDY DESIGN: Clinical prospective. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The present research study observed auditory thresholds in young and audiologically normal individual with HFA and assessed some variables that could have an influence upon the results. CONCLUSION: Based on the collected data, we were able to established values for mean, standard deviation and median, besides minimum and maximum values for each frequency, for the entire population. Statistical analyses did not identify significant differences between gender and the ears. Moreover, questions related to inter-and intra-individual variability are discussed.
Karlos Thiago Pinheiro dos Santos
Full Text Available Surdez no hipotireoidismo já foi descrita por diversos autores, porém a fisiopatologia é incerta. OBJETIVOS: Realizar avaliações audiológicas de pacientes com hipotireoidismo adquirido. MATERIAL E MÉTODOS: Grupos de estudo: hipotireoidismo (GH, n-30 e controle (GC, n-30. Parâmetros estudados: gênero, tempo do hipotireoidismo, co-morbidades, sintomas cócleo-vestibulares, exames bioquímicos e hormonais, limiares audiométricos, PEATE e EOAT. RESULTADOS: Todos os participantes eram mulheres; em GH 70% dos pacientes apresentavam tireoidite de Hashimoto e 60% tinham diagnóstico de hipotireoidismo há mais de 5 anos. Depressão e hipertensão foram as principais co-morbidades do grupo GH. Todos os pacientes de GH tinham valores elevados de TSH e 50% deles apresentavam diminuição de T4 livre. Surdez neurossensorial foi detectada em 22 orelhas de GH e em 7 de GC. PEATE mostrou-se normal nos participantes do GC e alterado em 10 orelhas do GH, havendo predomínio do aumento de L-V. EOAT estiveram ausentes em 12 orelhas de GH e em 4 de GC. CONCLUSÕES: Os pacientes com hipotireoidismo apresentaram mais sintomas cócleo-vestibulares, limiares audiométricos mais elevados, prolongamento das latências absolutas de L-V no PEATE e ausência ou redução as amplitudes das emissões otoacústicas. Tais alterações não estavam associadas aos níveis de TSH e T4 livre.Hearing loss in hypothyroidism has been reported by many authors but its pathophysiology is unclear. AIMS: to study the audiological evaluation of patients with acquired hypothyroidism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: two groups were included: a hypothyroidism group (HG, n-30, and a control group (CG, n-30. Parameters studied: gender, time of hypothyroidism, comorbidities, cochleovestibular symptoms, biochemistry and hormonal exams (TSH, T4, tonal audiometry, TOAEs and BERA. RESULTS: all participants were women, 70% of the HG had Hashimoto thyroiditis, 60% of the HG had had the diagnostic of
Ana Emilia Linares
Full Text Available A principal questão que envolve o diagnóstico audiológico infantil é a determinação de procedimentos que configurem resultados confiáveis e objetivos, que possam ser utilizados na predição dos limiares auditivos por frequência específica. OBJETIVO: Correlacionar os achados do potencial evocado auditivo de estado estável (PEAEE com outros exames em crianças com perda auditiva neurossensorial. MATERIAL E MÉTODO: Estudo prospectivo de coorte contemporânea com corte transversal. 23 crianças de ambos os gêneros e com idades entre 1 e 7 anos realizaram PEAEE, audiometria de reforço visual, potencial evocado auditivo de tronco encefálico (PEATE clique e tone burst e medida do reflexo acústico para aplicação da regra de predição do limiar auditivo a partir do reflexo acústico. RESULTADOS: A correlação entre o PEAEE e audiometria variou de 0.70 a 0.93, para o PEATE-clique (2k e 4kHz variou de 0.83 a 0.89, para o tone burst variou de 0.73 a 0.93. A concordância entre o PEAEE e a regra de predição do limiar auditivo foi considerada moderada. CONCLUSÃO: Houve correlação significativa entre o PEAEE e audiometria, assim como para o PEATE clique (2k e 4kHz e para o PEATE tone burst. O reflexo acústico pode ser usado para acrescentar informações ao diagnóstico infantil.The main issue regarding pediatric audiology diagnosis is determining procedures to configure reliable results which can be used to predict frequency-specific hearing thresholds. AIM: To investigate the correlation between auditory steady-state response (ASSR with other tests in children with sensorineural hearing loss. METHODS: Prospective cross-sectional contemporary cohort study. Twenty-three children (ages 1 to 7; mean, 3 years old were submitted to ASSR, behavioral audiometry, click audiometry brain stem response (ABR, tone burst ABR, and predicting hearing level from the acoustic reflex. RESULTS: the correlation between behavioral thresholds and ASSR was
Laplante-Lévesque, Ariane; Hickson, Louise; Worrall, Linda
This study investigated the application of the transtheoretical (stages-of-change) model in audiologic rehabilitation. More specifically, it described the University of Rhode Island Change Assessment (URICA) scores of adults with acquired hearing impairment. It reported the psychometric properties (construct, concurrent, and predictive validity) of the stages-of-change model in this population. At baseline, 153 adults with acquired hearing impairment seeking help for the first time completed the URICA as well as measures of degree of hearing impairment, self-reported hearing disability, and years since hearing impairment onset. Participants were subsequently offered intervention options: hearing aids, communication programs, and no intervention. Their intervention uptake and adherence were assessed 6 months later and their intervention outcomes were assessed 3 months after intervention completion. First, the stages-of-change construct validity was evaluated by investigating the URICA factor structure (principal component analysis), internal consistency, and correlations between stage scores. The URICA scores were reported in terms of the scores for each stage of change, composite scores, stages with highest scores, and stage clusters (cluster analysis). Second, the concurrent validity was assessed by examining associations between stages of change and degree of hearing impairment, self-reported hearing disability, and years since hearing impairment onset. Third, the predictive validity was evaluated by investigating associations between stages of change and intervention uptake, adherence, and outcomes. First, in terms of construct validity, the principal component analysis identified four instead of three stages (precontemplation, contemplation, preparation, and action) for which the internal consistency was good. Most of the sample was in the action stage. Correlations between stage scores supported the model. Cluster analysis identified four stages
Carla Gentile Matas
Full Text Available Indivíduos com transtornos psiquiátricos podem apresentar distúrbios perceptuais, de atenção e memória, questionando-se a presença de perdas auditivas periféricas e/ou centrais. Assim, o objetivo deste trabalho é descrever os resultados obtidos nas avaliações audiológica e eletrofisiológica, verificando a ocorrência de alterações auditivas periféricas e/ou centrais nesta população. CASUÍSTICA E MÉTODOS: Foram avaliados 20 indivíduos com autismo e síndrome de Asperger, e 20 indivíduos em desenvolvimento típico, entre oito e 19 anos. RESULTADOS: Todos os indivíduos apresentaram resultados normais na avaliação audiológica. No PEATE, 50% dos indivíduos com autismo e 30% com síndrome de Asperger apresentaram alterações, havendo diferença estatisticamente significante na análise dos dados quantitativos em ambos os grupos. Em todos os grupos verificaram-se alterações no PEAML e P300. No PEAML, não houve diferença estatisticamente significante entre os grupos na análise dos dados quantitativos e qualitativos. No P300, observou-se diferença estatisticamente significante quando comparados os grupos controle e síndrome de Asperger na análise dos dados quantitativos. CONCLUSÃO: Verificou-se grande ocorrência de alterações nos potenciais evocados auditivos em crianças autistas e com síndrome de Asperger, embora em algumas análises realizadas não tenha sido constatada diferença estatisticamente significante. Enfatiza-se a importância da investigação minuciosa da função auditiva em indivíduos com transtornos psiquiátricos.Individuals with psychiatric disorders can present perception, attention and memory deficits, raising doubts about peripheral and/or central hearing loss. Thus, the aim of this study is to describe the audiological and electrophysiological results of individuals with psychiatric disorders, looking for peripheral and/or central auditory disorders. METHODS: 20 individuals with autism
Cleiciane Martins Braga
Full Text Available OBJETIVO: investigar o perfil mercadológico do fonoaudiólogo atuante na área de audiologia clínica da cidade de Fortaleza, buscando identificar a formação em nível de pós-graduação, quantificar a faixa salarial, analisar o nível de satisfação do profissional e avaliar a jornada de trabalho e o vínculo empregatício desse profissional. MÉTODO: estudo transversal, realizado no período de fevereiro a abril de 2010, tendo-se aplicado um questionário acerca da atuação fonoaudiológica na área de Audiologia Clínica em 30 fonoaudiólogos, 29 (96,7% do gênero feminino e um (3,3% do gênero masculino, com idade média de 31,4 anos, variando entre 24 e 44 anos de idade, na cidade de Fortaleza, Ceará. O questionário abrangeu os seguintes itens: dados de formação acadêmica, remuneração, área de atuação, setor de atuação, jornada de trabalho em horas semanais, vínculo empregatício e nível de satisfação com a área de atuação. Os dados foram organizados e analisados estatisticamente por meio do teste de igualdade de duas proporções. RESULTADOS: treze (43,3% dos fonoaudiólogos que atuam com Audiologia Clínica recebem entre quatro a seis salários mínimos. Vinte e quatro (80% fonoaudiólogos atuantes na área da Audiologia Clínica são autônomos, quatro (13,3% tem Carteira de Trabalho assinada e dois (6,7% são pessoas jurídicas. Dezesseis (53,3% dos fonoaudiólogos estão satisfeitos com a sua profissão. CONCLUSÃO: o fonoaudiólogo atuante na área de Audiologia Clínica na cidade de Fortaleza apresenta, predominantemente, curso de especialização, renda salarial entre quatro e seis salários mínimos, com jornada de trabalho de 10 a 20 horas semanais. A maioria são profissionais autônomos e sentem-se satisfeitos com sua atuação profissional.PURPOSE: to investigate the market profile of speech therapist professional working in the area of clinical audiology in Fortaleza, identifying the postgraduate level
Audiometria de altas frequências no diagnóstico complementar em audiologia: uma revisão da literatura nacional High-frequency audiometry in audiological complementary diagnosis: a revision of the national literature
Karlin Fabianne Klagenberg
Full Text Available A audiometria de altas frequências (AAF é um exame audiológico importante na detecção precoce de perdas auditivas por lesões na base do ducto coclear. Nos últimos anos, a sua utilização foi facilitada pelo fato de os audiômetros comercializados passarem a incorporar frequências superiores a 8 kHz. Porém, existem diferenças relacionadas aos equipamentos utilizados, às metodologias empregadas e/ou aos resultados e interpretação. Assim, o objetivo deste artigo foi analisar a produção científica nacional sobre a aplicação clínica com AAF, para compreender sua utilização atual. Foram pesquisados textos publicados e indexados nas bases de dados LILACS, SciELO e Medline, num período de tempo de dez anos, utilizando como descritor "audiometria de altas frequências/high-frequency audiometry". Encontraram-se 24 artigos científicos nacionais utilizando AAF, cuja população avaliada, em sua maioria, apresentava de 18 a 50 anos de idade; 13 dos estudos determinaram os limiares utilizando como referência decibel nível de audição (dBNA; alguns estudos realizaram a comparação dos limiares auditivos tonais entre grupos para definir a normalidade; os autores relataram diferenças significativas nos limiares auditivos de altas frequências entre as idades. A AAF é utilizada na clínica audiológica para identificação precoce de alterações auditivas e no acompanhamento da audição de sujeitos expostos a drogas ototóxicas e/ou agentes otoagressores.High-frequency audiometry (HFA is an important audiological test for early detection of hearing losses caused by leasions in the base of the cochlear duct. In recent years, its use was facilitated because audiometers began to identify frequencies higher than 8 kHz. However, there are differences related to the equipment used, the methodologies followed, and/or to the results and their interpretation. Therefore, the aim of this study was to analyze the national scientific production
Background: The sport of scuba diving may be associated with possible injuries, especially those concerning the auditory system. Research available focuses on the implications of recreational scuba diving on the auditory system. However, there is a lack of information regarding the knowledge of recreational scuba divers ...
Konrad-Martin, Dawn; Wilmington, Debra J.; Gordon, Jane S.; Reavis, Kelly M.; Fausti, Stephen A.
Aminoglycoside antibiotics, commonly prescribed for adults and children to treat a wide range of bacterial infections, are potentially ototoxic, often causing irreversible damage to the auditory and vestibular systems. Ototoxic hearing loss usually begins at the higher frequencies and can progress to lower frequencies necessary for understanding…
Picciotti, Pasqualina M.; Carfì, Angelo; Anzivino, Roberta; Paludetti, Gaetano; Conti, Guido; Brandi, Vincenzo; Bernabei, Roberto; Onder, Graziano
Increased life expectancy in persons with Down syndrome (DS) is associated with premature age-related changes. The aim of this study was to assess auditory function in adults with DS and to evaluate the prevalence of hearing loss in this population. Audiometric tests were performed in 72 adults with DS (mean age 37.3 ± 10.1 years, 51.4% females).…
Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Age Related Hearing Loss (ARHL is defined as loss of hearing in elderly persons not influe nced by the extraneous factors like noise trauma etc or intrinsic like CVS related diseases or endocrinal disorders like Diabetes. Also termed as Presbycusis it is defined as the loss of hearing due to age related changes taking place in the auditory syste m starting from the pinna to the cortical centers in the brain. It does not include any other factor contributing or initiating the pathological changes in the auditory system resulting in hearing loss. All these changes in the tissues are not pathological but truly age related. The threshold of hearing is defined as the pure tone average across the frequencies of 0.5 to 8 kHz. The severity of hearing loss is graded as profound hearing loss : more than 90dB , severe to severe loss : 71 - 90 dB or more ; Moderate to severe hearing loss : 56 - 70 , Moderate hearing loss : 41 - 55 dB HL ; Mild hearing loss : 26 - 40 dB HL. Present study is to evaluate hearing loss in persons aged above 65 years both of those attending the Hospital for loss of hearing and those screened in a sur vey. AIM: To evaluate the hearing thresholds in individuals aged above 65 years attending the Government General Hospital and among the people attending the hearing screening done in the city of Warangal. The study also includes the review of the literature on ARHL. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 185 individuals aged above 65 years are evaluated for hearing thresholds with the help of pure tone audiometry and speech audiometry. Among the 185 individuals 102 are patients attending the Department of ENT for the compla ints of loss of hearing. The remaining 83 individuals are from the survey conducted to screen for hearing loss in the city of Warangal for the population aged above 65 years. Demographic data about the 185 individuals is collected. Pure tone audiogram and speech audiometry is done in all the patients. CONCLUSIONS: PTA and SRT values are similar in both the groups. Early old age groups presented with mild to severe types of deafness and loss in lower frequencies. Late old aged people showed profound hearing l oss and increased thresholds in higher frequencies. SRT estimation seemed more sensitive than calculating PTA in the persons above 85 years. Females showed 5 to 10 dB lower PTA values than males in all ages.
Roseris Denicol Diniz
Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Caracterizar a demanda encaminhada a um Serviço de Fonoaudiologia de Centro de Saúde, no biênio 2006/2007. MÉTODOS: Estudo de demanda, transversal, utilizando-se o banco de dados do referido serviço e o registro de prontuários. A partir da coleta de dados no banco de dados do serviço obtiveram-se as seguintes variáveis: gênero, idade e origem do encaminhamento. Nos prontuários foram codificados os motivos da consulta (queixa inicial e a hipótese diagnóstica. RESULTADOS: Do total de atendimentos registrados (n=243, houve predomínio do gênero masculino (65%, da faixa etária de seis aos 12 anos (52,3%, com encaminhamento por médico pediatra (35,8%, queixa de alteração de fala (67,8% e hipótese diagnóstica de desvio fonético (28,4%; 37 prontuários (15,2% não apresentavam indicação para tratamento e 31 (12,8% não registravam hipótese diagnóstica. CONCLUSÃO: É necessário um maior investimento no planejamento de ações em saúde fonoaudiológica, visando que as alterações de fala diminuam a médio e longo prazo, assim como as listas de espera para tal especialidade, e que os registros em prontuários e encaminhamentos para esta área ocorram de forma mais qualificada.PURPOSE: To characterize the demand referred to the Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology Service of a Primary Healthcare Center, in the period of 2006/2007. METHODS: A transversal report study was carried out using databases and the files of the aforementioned service. From the databases, the following variables were obtained: gender, age and origin of reference. From the patients' files, we obtained data about the initial complaint and the diagnostic hypothesis. RESULTS: From the total number of registries (n=243, the majority regarded male patients (65%, with ages from six to 12 years (52.3%, referred by the pediatrician (35.3%, with complaints of speech disorders (67.8% and diagnostic hypothesis of phonetic deviation (28.4%; 37 files (15
Processos educativos em saúde vocal do professor: análise da literatura da Fonoaudiologia brasileira Educative processes in the vocal health of teachers: a literature review of Brazilian studies in Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology
Regina Zanella Penteado
teachers discussed in Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology literature produced in Brazil. Our corpus consisted of 63 studies on collective intervention published between 1994 and 2008. The analysis emphasizes the distribution of publications over time; the characterization of the type of educative process (unilateral or dialogic, democratic, participatory and problem-based; the themes/content addressed; the form of development (precise or procedural; and the organization of actions (individually centered or expanded towards working issues. It was observed that 74% of the actions were developed in processes, such as courses, workshops or voice training. The average length of each meeting ranged from 20 minutes to four hours. Seventy nine percent of the educative strategies employed were characterized as unilateral and inconsistent with proposals based on healthcare promotion. The most common themes and topics were: vocal habits/behaviors and vocal hygiene/health (71%; warming up and cooling down, vocal exercises and techniques (50%; anatomy and physiology of vocal production and oral sensorimotor system (44%; vocal parameters (23%; work environment (22%, and use of voice, communication and expression (20%. The focus of the educative process is the individual (100% and it is generally conducted without considering work conditions, health and quality of life. Work environment aspects were contemplated in only 17% of the publications, teachers' work organization, in 6%, and school community, in 1%. It was identified the need for organization and revision of forms of development, dynamics, strategies, themes and contents, type and focus of the educative process of public healthcare actions aiming at teachers' vocal health, according to the perspective of health promotion.
Avaliação da linguagem documentária DeCS na área de fonoaudiologia na perspectiva do usuário: estudo de observação da recuperação da informação com protocolo verbal Avaluation of decs indexing language in speech-language pathology and audiology area, in the user´s view: an observation study of the information retrieval with a verbal protocol
Vera Regina Casari Boccato
especialistas; a hierarquização de termos em categorias de assuntos não equivalentes aos seus conceitos, a tradução de diversos termos da língua inglesa para a portuguesa, e desta para a inglesa, não correspondendo ao equivalente utilizado na área de fonoaudiologia, entre outras. Conclui-se que se faz necessário o aprimoramento do DeCS na área de Fonoaudiologia e, para tanto, recomenda-se a BIREME a construção de uma categoria específica nessa área, para a efetiva representação terminológica em consonância com a empregada na literatura e utilizada pela comunidade científica brasileira.The proposition of this study is to assess, by observing the user, the DeCS – Health Sciences Descriptors indexing language, in the Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology area, utilized for the retrieval of information in the LILACS System - Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences -, produced by BIREME – Latin-American and Caribbean Health Sciences Information Center, utilizing the verbal protocol technique, for the fact of the researchers of the area of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology to need an information system that uses a indexing language that represents the values and the culture of this system where it is inserted. With this proposal, it is had for objective to contribute for the improvement of the indexing language DeCS, being aimed at better terminological representation in the area of the Brazilian Speech-Language Patholoy and Audiology as a determinative factor for the development of scientific research of quality. The used methodological approach was the qualitative-cognitive one, has been the technique verbal protocol applied in the researchers (subjects of the Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology Department at the Dental School – University of São Paulo – FOB-USP, at Bauru, SP, representing the four forming specialties in the area, i.e., Language, Audiology, Voice and Oral Motricity. The analysis of the transcriptions these protocols
Full Text Available Owing to technological progress and a growing body of clinical experience, indication criteria for cochlear implants (CI are being extended to less severe hearing impairments. It is, therefore, worth reconsidering these indication criteria by introducing novel testing procedures. The diagnostic evidence collected will be evaluated. The investigation includes postlingually deafened adults seeking a CI. Prior to surgery, speech perception tests [Freiburg Speech Test and Oldenburg sentence (OLSA test] were performed unaided and aided using the Oldenburg Master Hearing Aid (MHA system. Linguistic skills were assessed with the visual Text Reception Threshold (TRT test, and general state of health, socio-economic status (SES and subjective hearing were evaluated through questionnaires. After surgery, the speech tests were repeated aided with a CI. To date, 97 complete data sets are available for evaluation. Statistical analyses showed significant correlations between postsurgical speech reception threshold (SRT measured with the adaptive OLSA test and pre-surgical data such as the TRT test (r=-0.29, SES (r=-0.22 and (if available aided SRT (r=0.53. The results suggest that new measures and setups such as the TRT test, SES and speech perception with the MHA provide valuable extra information regarding indication for CI.
Construção do conceito de promoção da saúde: comparação entre estudantes ingressantes e concluintes de Fonoaudiologia Construction of the health promotion concept: comparative study between freshmen and senior Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology students
Lidiane Gonçalves dos Santos
Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Caracterizar e comparar o conhecimento de ingressantes (estudantes do 1º período e concluintes (estudantes do 8º período de um curso de Fonoaudiologia acerca do tema promoção da saúde. MÉTODOS: Estudo descritivo transversal realizado por meio da aplicação de 92 formulários em estudantes de Fonoaudiologia ingressantes e concluintes. A análise dos dados obtidos foi realizada em três etapas: análise descritiva das questões fechadas, análise estatística da associação entre as respostas do 1º e do 8º períodos, e análise qualitativa das questões abertas do formulário. RESULTADOS: A maioria dos entrevistados cursou disciplinas com o tema promoção da saúde; mais de um terço participou de atividades extracurriculares ou disciplinas práticas envolvendo o tema. A maioria referiu saber o que é promoção da saúde e ter a intenção de realizar ações em promoção da saúde. Os ingressantes relataram conceitos empíricos sobre promoção da saúde e confundiram promoção com prevenção. Entre os concluintes, a confusão existe em menor quantidade. CONCLUSÃO: O curso de graduação em Fonoaudiologia dos estudantes entrevistados contribui para a formação do conceito de promoção da saúde, porém existe uma confusão entre os termos prevenção e promoção da saúde, tanto entre os estudantes do 1º quanto do 8º período. Os dados evidenciam a importância de discutir o tema promoção da saúde durante o processo de formação do fonoaudiólogo.PURPOSE: To characterize and compare the knowledge of freshmen (1st period and senior (8th period undergraduate Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology students regarding health promotion. METHODS: Cross-sectional study that involved the application of 92 forms to 1st and 8th period Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology students. Data analysis was conducted in three stages: descriptive analysis of closed questions, statistical analysis crossing the answers of both
A produção do conhecimento em Distúrbios da Comunicação: análise de periódicos (2000-2005 Knowledge production in Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology: analysis of peer-reviewed journals (2000-2005
Ana Paula Berberian
Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analisar parte da produção de conhecimento da área dos Distúrbios da Comunicação. MÉTODOS: Análise dos artigos publicados nos periódicos: Revista de Distúrbios da Comunicação; Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Fonoaudiologia; Revista Fonoatual e Revista Pró-fono, no período de 2000 a 2005. Variáveis examinadas: temática, faixa etária do público alvo, tipo de intervenção e contexto institucional. RESULTADOS: Foram publicados 724 artigos. A temática mais pesquisada, de forma isolada ou combinada, foi Linguagem Oral (282, seguida de Audiologia (232, Motricidade Oral (91 e Voz (62. A faixa etária mais estudada foi de três a dez anos (145. A atuação de diagnosticar e/ou avaliar foi a mais relatada (547, em contexto clínico (542, escolar (63 e hospitalar (32. CONCLUSÃO: Esses números refletem o aumento das publicações desses periódicos. Há necessidade de uma distribuição mais equilibrada das temáticas, faixas etárias, tipos de intervenções e contextos institucionais nas produções da área. Novos estudos em torno da produção do conhecimento devem ser realizados visando o registro histórico do que tem sido pesquisado e a definição de ações e campos estratégicos para o implemento da pesquisa na área.PURPOSE: To analyze part of the knowledge production in the field of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology. METHODS: The articles published in the following journals from the year 2000 to 2005 were analyzed: Revista de Distúrbios da Comunicação; Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Fonoaudiologia; Revista Fonoatual and Revista Pró-fono. The studied variables were: topic, age range of the studied population, type of intervention, and institutional context. RESULTS: Seven hundred and twenty four articles were published during the period analyzed. The prevailing subject, either individually or in combination with other topics, was Oral Language (282, followed by Audiology (232, Orofacial Myology (91
Interação entre audiologia e genética no estudo de uma família: a complexidade do diagnóstico molecular e do aconselhamento genético Interaction between audiology and genetics in the study of a family: the complexity of molecular diagnosis and genetic counseling
Flavia Maria Rodrigues Hoffmann
Full Text Available A deficiência auditiva como déficit sensorial mais comum tem dentre suas diferentes etiologias as alterações genéticas. Assim, é importante que a investigação audiológica se associe à busca do diagnóstico etiológico. OBJETIVO: Relatar o perfil audiológico e genético de três irmãos portadores de deficiência auditiva neurossensorial não-sindrômica. MATERIAL E MÉTODO: Estudo de caso de três irmãos, do sexo masculino, com 3, 5 e 16 anos, respectivamente, submetidos à avaliação audiológica comportamental e eletrofisiológica, e estudo molecular. RESULTADOS: Os achados audiológicos mostraram: audiometria do tipo neurossensorial, bilateral, simétrica, de grau moderado a moderadamente severo e configuração descendente acentuada. EOAT e EOAPD ausentes nos dois irmãos mais novos. PEATE compatível com perda auditiva moderadamente severa a severa. Presença do P300 com latências dentro da normalidade bilateralmente no irmão mais velho. Os achados do exame molecular mostraram que as duas crianças mais novas eram heterozigotos para a mutação 35delG no gene GJB2 e o mais velho não apresentava essa mutação. CONCLUSÃO: A associação das avaliações fonoaudiológicas e genéticas permite o diagnóstico etiológico de perdas auditivas que à primeira vista são semelhantes, mas que não obedecem à mesma estrutura genética. Os estudos moleculares devem ser abrangentes, evitando diagnósticos precipitados que prejudiquem o aconselhamento genético.Hearing loss is a multifaceted condition with many etiologies, among which genetic mutation is. Therefore, it is important to connect audiological investigation to etiological diagnosis. AIM: this study aims to establish the audiological and genetic profiles of three non-syndromic children with sensorineural hearing loss. MATERIALS AND METHOD: three brothers aged 3, 5 and 16 were enrolled in this study. They were submitted to behavioral and electrophysiological hearing tests and
Perfil audiológico do usuário implante coclear e aparelho de amplificação sonora individual na orelha contralateral: resultados preliminares Audiologic profile of hearing aids users in the contralateral ear of a cochlear implant: preliminary results
Cíntia Tizue Yamaguchi
Full Text Available OBJETIVO: conhecer o perfil residual audiológico dos usuários e não usuários de Aparelho de Amplificação Sonora Individual (AASI contralateral ao Implante Coclear (IC no Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo (HCFMUSP. MÉTODOS: foram avaliados 18 pacientes adultos, pós-linguais que preencheram os critérios estipulados, respondendo à pergunta "Você usa ou já usou AASI na orelha contralateral ao IC. Foi realizada a análise de média tonal liminar dos 18 pacientes. RESULTADOS: os pacientes do Grupo de Implante Coclear da Divisão de Otorrinolaringologia da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo, que não usam AASI contralateral ao IC, têm perfil residual audiológico médio de 122.5 dB. Os pacientes que se beneficiam do uso de AASI associado ao IC tem perfil residual audiológico médio de 101.25 dB. CONCLUSÃO: os pacientes não usuários de AASI contralateral têm audição residual significativamente pior do ponto de vista clínico que os pacientes que usam AASI contralateral associado ao IC na Divisão de Otorrinolaringologia do HCFMUSP.PURPOSE: to know the audiologic profile of users and non-users of HA contralateral to the CI in at HCFMUSP METHODS: Eighteen adult, post-lingual patients were evaluated, who met the settled criteria, answering the question "Do you use or have used HA in a contralateral ear of a CI. The analysis of tonal point mean was conducted in 18 patients. RESULTS: the patients of the Coclear Implant Group of the Division of Otolaryngology, School of Medicine of the University of Sâo Paulo, who do not use HA contralateral to the CI, have residual profile in average of 122.5 dB. The patients who benefit from the use of HA associated with the CI have residual profile in an average of 101.25 dB. CONCLUSION: nonusers of contralateral HA have residual hearing clinic, significantly worse than the patients who use contralateral HA associated with CI in the Division
Ashraff V V
Full Text Available We report two brothers of Cockayne syndrome (CS with progressive growth retardation, microcephaly, bird headed facies with sunken eyes, cutaneous photosensitivity, retinits pigmentosa, sensorineural deafness, spasticity ataxia, neuropathy and intracranial calcifiactions. These clinical with radiological features of cortical and cerebellar atrophy with basal ganglionic calcification and presence of consanguinity in parents and chromosome studies showing sister chromatid exchange in less than 6% strongly supported the diagnosis of Cockyne syndrome and differentiated it from Bloom′s syndrome and xeroderma pigmentosa. Without genetic analysis or tests for defective DNA repair, the diagnosis is mostly clinical.
Shemen, L J; Mitchell, D P; Farkashidy, J
Cockayne's syndrome is a triad of dwarfism, retinal atrophy, and deafness. Over thirty cases have been presented in the literature. We have examined and audiometrically tested three patients (ages 13 to 17) with confirmed Cockayne's syndrome and have analyzed the temporal bones of another who died at age 24. To our knowledge this is the first reported temporal bone analysis of a patient with Cockayne's syndrome. Audiograms revealed bilateral symmetric sensorineural hearing loss that was greatest in the high frequencies. Temporal bone examinations revealed inner and outer hair cell losses in the basal turn of the cochlea with corresponding neuron losses in the spiral ganglion. We have found that the clinical and histopathologic features resemble those of presbycusis and conclude that this corresponds well with the generalized, rapid, premature aging process characteristic of this disease.
English, Kris; Archbold, Sue
Audiologists routinely observe patients struggle with psycho-emotional difficulties associated with hearing loss, yet are often underprepared to manage this vital aspect of patient care. For this reason, a workshop was developed for audiologists interested in expanding their counselling skills. Since one-time workshops typically do not result in changes in practice, this program adopted a distributed-over-time learning model, consisting of 20 hours of participation across six weeks. The extended nature of the program provided multiple opportunities to learn several counselling strategies, and apply and evaluate the effectiveness of these strategies in clinical settings. Learning objectives were assessed throughout the six-week program. However, at the conclusion of each program, it was unknown whether new knowledge carried over into sustained new skills. Therefore, we surveyed attendees six months after their program, to determine if the program had affected changes in their practice. Twenty clinicians (response rate = 91%) participated in the survey. All respondents made some, and often many, changes in patient communication. They applied several counseling concepts to their work settings and reported positive changes in patient-clinician dynamics. Results suggest that a six-week program is effective in helping clinicians change their counseling skills within their practice.
To describe the ABR results in a group of neurologically compromised children and to establish a relationship between ABR findings and behavioural audiometry results, where these existed. Methods. A retrospective review was conducted on 40 ABR patient records of neurologically compromised participants aged 5 ...
Full Text Available Objective : To assess neonates and children suffering from meningitis , during the critical and recovery periods , using ABR , EOAE and Behavioral Audiometry. Method and Material: 40 neonates to 12-year-old children were assessed. Using ABR test, the hearing of these cases was evaluated during the critical period-that is , 24-72 hours following the diagnosis. This test was repeated when patients recovered from meningitis-that is 24 hours before discharge (recovery period Hearing function , again , was assessed 7-14 days following discharge through Immittance Audiometry, Behavioral Audiometry (PTA , SF and BOA. And EOAE (TEOAE and DPOAE tests procedures. Findings: During the critical period , ABR test revealed normal hearing in 35 patients (87.5% and severe to profound sensorineural hearing loss (unilateral and bilateral in 5 patients (12.5%-girl=4, boy=1. The same result were obtained in re-evaluation in the recovery period. On the other hand , 7-14 days after of discharge , Immittance Audiometry and Behavioral Audiometry (including PTA , S.F and BOA tests, confirmed the mentioned results (cross - gcheck. EOAE test (DPOAE and TEOAE in 35 normal hearing patients (according to ABR test , showed normal cochlear function. 2 out of 5 cases suffering from severe to profound sensorineural hearing loss revealed normal cochlear function. According to EOAE results , abnormal cochlear function was evident in 3 patients. Conclusion: ABR , EOAE tests , and Behavioral Audiometry in children meningitis during the critical period and recovery period can be used to diagnose any degree of hearing loss with a high level accuracy. The results of persent study is confirmed by previous investigations.
Pérez-Carbonell, Tomàs; Pla-Gil, Ignacio; Redondo-Martínez, Jaume; Morant-Ventura, Antonio; García-Callejo, Francisco Javier; Marco-Algarra, Jaime
We included 9 patients implanted with Baha® Attract. All our patients were evaluated by free field tonal audiometry, free field verbal audiometry and free field verbal audiometry with background noise, all the tests were performed with and without the device. To evaluate the subjective component of the implantation, we used the Glasgow Benefit Inventory (GBI) and Abbreviated Profile of Hearing Aid Benefit (APHAB). The auditive assessment with the device showed average auditive thresholds of 35.8dB with improvements of 25.8dB over the previous situation. Speech reception thresholds were 37dB with Baha® Attract, showing improvements of 23dB. Maximum discrimination thresholds showed an average gain of 60dB with the device. Baha® Attract achieves auditive improvements in patients for whom it is correctly indicated, with a consequent positive subjective evaluation. This study shows the attenuation effect in transcutaneous transmission, that prevents the device achieving greater improvements. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier España, S.L.U. and Sociedad Española de Otorrinolaringología y Cirugía de Cabeza y Cuello. All rights reserved.
Samelli, Alessandra G; Matas, Carla G; Carvallo, Renata M M; Gomes, Raquel F; de Beija, Carolina S; Magliaro, Fernanda C L; Rabelo, Camila M
In the present study, we evaluated peripheral and central auditory pathways in professional musicians (with and without hearing loss) compared to non-musicians. The goal was to verify if music exposure could affect auditory pathways as a whole. This is a prospective study that compared the results obtained between three groups (musicians with and without hearing loss and non-musicians). Thirty-two male individuals participated and they were assessed by: Immittance measurements, pure-tone air conduction thresholds at all frequencies from 0.25 to 20 kHz, Transient Evoked Otoacoustic Emissions, Auditory Brainstem Response (ABR), and Cognitive Potential. The musicians showed worse hearing thresholds in both conventional and high frequency audiometry when compared to the non-musicians; the mean amplitude of Transient Evoked Otoacoustic Emissions was smaller in the musicians group, but the mean latencies of Auditory Brainstem Response and Cognitive Potential were diminished in the musicians when compared to the non-musicians. Our findings suggest that the population of musicians is at risk for developing music-induced hearing loss. However, the electrophysiological evaluation showed that latency waves of ABR and P300 were diminished in musicians, which may suggest that the auditory training to which these musicians are exposed acts as a facilitator of the acoustic signal transmission to the cortex.
Swinnen, F.K.R.; Coucke, P.J.; Paepe, A.M. De; Symoens, S.; Malfait, F.; Gentile, F.V.; Sangiorgi, L.; D'Eufemia, P.; Celli, M.; Garretsen, T.J.; Cremers, C.W.R.J.; Dhooge, I.J.; Leenheer, E. de
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Osteogenesis Imperfecta (OI) is a heritable connective tissue disorder mainly caused by mutations in the genes COL1A1 and COL1A2 and is associated with hearing loss in approximately half of the cases. The hearing impairment usually starts between the second and fourth decade of
Pereira, José Roberto
Full Text Available Introduction: The industrial technological advance has brought benefits and a series of implications that may commit the worker's health and life quality. The exposure to physical, chemical agents and organizational stressors contribute for the increase of work accidents risks. The noise, taken as the most frequent physical agent in the work environment, may cause auditory alterations called Noise-Induced Hearing Loss that affect the communication and life quality of the workers. Objective: To research the auditory health of employees in a funeral urns factory. Method: 90 workers took part in this study, aged between 16 and 52 years, exposed to sound pressure levels equal or higher than 85 dBNPS, vibration and/or chemical agents in the work environment. We carried out a specific interview and Threshold Tonal Audiometry. Results: This study identified altered audiometry results in 13.33% the right ear and 16.67% in the left ear and the age also influenced these auditory thresholds. Conclusion: The accomplishment of a workers' health surveillance program with all people involved is critical and will contribute for the human resources formation, in the management to proceed with actions as well as those by the proper workers being careful of their health.
Alessandra G Samelli
Full Text Available In the present study, we evaluated peripheral and central auditory pathways in professional musicians (with and without hearing loss compared to non-musicians. The goal was to verify if music exposure could affect auditory pathways as a whole. This is a prospective study that compared the results obtained between three groups (musicians with and without hearing loss and non-musicians. Thirty-two male individuals participated and they were assessed by: Immittance measurements, pure-tone air conduction thresholds at all frequencies from 0.25 to 20 kHz, Transient Evoked Otoacoustic Emissions, Auditory Brainstem Response (ABR, and Cognitive Potential. The musicians showed worse hearing thresholds in both conventional and high frequency audiometry when compared to the non-musicians; the mean amplitude of Transient Evoked Otoacoustic Emissions was smaller in the musicians group, but the mean latencies of Auditory Brainstem Response and Cognitive Potential were diminished in the musicians when compared to the non-musicians. Our findings suggest that the population of musicians is at risk for developing music-induced hearing loss. However, the electrophysiological evaluation showed that latency waves of ABR and P300 were diminished in musicians, which may suggest that the auditory training to which these musicians are exposed acts as a facilitator of the acoustic signal transmission to the cortex.
Angel Obando, Francisco Ricardo; Casas Monsegny, Ana María; Gómez Gómez, Olga; Guzmán Mellado, Arcadio; Pérez Arana, Manuel Tomás; Restrepo Arias, Clemencia; Zuluaga Gómez, Jairo Alberto
Texto universitario que ofrece una visión contemporánea del desarrollo de la audición, del proceso de la transmisión del sonido, de algunos de sus trastornos y de los avances investigativos y tecnológicos en la evaluación de la función auditiva y vestibular. brinda orientaciones generales acerca de la rehabilitación y la búsqueda de información en el área.
Aleitamento materno em prematuros: atuação fonoaudiológica baseada nos pressupostos da educação para promoção da saúde Breastfeeding in premature babies: speech-language and audiology performance based on education for health promotion concepts
Maria da Conceição Carneiro Pessoa de Santana
Full Text Available O artigo relata experiência de atuação fonoaudiológica baseada nos pressupostos da educação em saúde direcionada à promoção do aleitamento exclusivo em prematuros internados em uma maternidade de referência em alto risco. No trabalho desenvolvido, estratégias multiprofissionais realizadas com grupos e de forma individualizada foram combinadas, criando espaços dialógicos com as puérperas e seus familiares e a prevalência de aleitamento materno exclusivo aumentou nos últimos três anos na enfermaria. Houve grande participação dos envolvidos nas atividades propostas, desde a admissão da puérpera na enfermaria ao processo da alta hospitalar. A estratégia adotada permitiu detectar as intervenções mais efetivas e as que deverão ser reformuladas com toda equipe. Do ponto de vista teórico e metodológico, a experiência também permitiu observar os limites e potencialidades de ações que aproximam a área do saber científico e a promoção do aleitamento materno efetiva em atividades transdisciplinares. Considerar a educação em saúde como disciplina de ação significa dizer que o trabalho é dirigido para atuar sobre o conhecimento das pessoas, para que elas desenvolvam juízo crítico e capacidade de intervenção sobre suas próprias vidas e sobre o ambiente com o qual interagem e, assim, criarem condições para se apropriarem de sua própria existência.This paper reports an experience of a speech-language and audiology (SLP team based on health promotion and education to contribute for the maintainance of exclusive breastfeeding in premature newborns in a high-risk maternity. In the process, a multiprofessional group and individual strategies were combined, producing dialogic settings along with puerperals and their families. Exclusive breastfeeding increased comparing with the last three years before these approach and greater participation of the team and relatives involved in these activities since the pregnant
Caracterização dos indivíduos com distúrbios da fluência, atendidos na clínica-escola do curso de fonoaudiologia da USP-Bauru Characterization of individuals with fluency disorders at the Speech Language Pathology and Audiology Clinic USP - Bauru
Tâmyne Ferreira Duarte
data to literature. METHODS: analysis of 194 medical records of individuals with fluency disorders at the Speech Language Pathology and Audiology Clinic at USP (Bauru Campus, through a protocol containing questions related to the items proposed in the objective. RESULTS: from the 194 medical records, 140 were male (72% of the sample and 54 (28% female; among the reported complaints, 68% (132 medical records were about stuttering, 23% (n=45 regarding other fluency disorders (tachyphemia, motor speech disorders, etc and others 9% (n=17 had associated complaints (vocal alterations, oral and/or written language and speech. With regard to family history, 57% (n=110 had more than one relative in their family with speech and/or language alterations. The manifestations of disfluency cited in 54% of the medical records (n=105 from subjects diagnosed with stuttering were blocks, repetitions and prolongations. A history of language retardation was ascertained in cases of stuttering in 31% of the cases (60 medical records, which, together with the other symptoms described in literature, should be taken into consideration when carrying out an early diagnosis. CONCLUSION: based on the found data, we concluded that the studied population is characterized for showing the following: the beginning of the first symptoms between 1 and 5-year old, greater involvement of males, a positive family history and late speech and language; , disfluency manifestation found were repetition of syllables, block, block accompanied by extensions and hesitations.
Estudo retrospectivo de crianças e jovens com deficiência auditiva: caracterização das etiologias e quadro audiológico Retrospective study of hearing impaired children and teenager: characterizing the etiologies and audiological aspects
Altair Cadrobbi Pupo
São Paulo, Brazil - DERDIC PUC-SP, that took part in a rehabilitation program from 1999 to 2002. METHODS: a retrospective study of 162 files of hearing impaired children between 12mo and 17:6 yrs old, the questionnaire elaborated by The Aural Rehabilitation Forum which occurs annually during the International Audiology Meeting in Brazil was used. RESULTS: the results showed 54% male and 46% female subjects; 60% between 3 and 8:11 years old; 43% had the suspicions of the hearing loss in the first year of life; for 25% of the subjects the diagnostic was carried out just after the suspicions; 34% finished the diagnostic one year after the suspicions; 11% began rehabilitation just after the diagnostic, 54% after a year and 27% more than a year. 32% had unknown etiology, 18% genetic causes, 17% presumed multiple factors, 15% meningitis, 9% congenital rubella. CONCLUSION: the prevalence of unknown etiology shows the need for deepening the diagnosis, and as a routine, carry out genetics, images and laboratories studies, in order to know the etiologies of the hearing loss. Even though after implementing immunization campaigns, rubella was the most prevalent cause of the congenital hearing loss and meningitis was the most prevalent cause of acquired hearing loss. A precious time for the child development was lost because of the time gap between suspicions, diagnostic and rehabilitation.
Manchaiah, Vinaya; Danermark, Berth; Rönnberg, Jerker; Lunner, Thomas
The main focus of this paper is to discuss the importance of "evaluating the process of change" (i.e., process evaluation) in people with disability by studying their lived experiences. Detailed discussion is made about "why and how to investigate the process of change in people with disability?" and some specific examples are provided from studies on patient journey of persons with hearing impairment (PHI) and their communication partners (CPs). In addition, methodological aspects in process evaluation are discussed in relation to various metatheoretical perspectives. The discussion has been supplemented with relevant literature. The healthcare practice and disability research in general are dominated by the use of outcome measures. Even though the values of outcome measures are not questioned, there seems to be a little focus on understanding the process of change over time in relation to health and disability. We suggest that the process evaluation has an additional temporal dimension and has applications in both clinical practice and research in relation to health and disability.
Baceviciute, Sarune; Rützou Albæk, Katharina Renée; Arsovski, Aleksandar
In this article we explore the means by which state-of-the-art knowledge on children counseling techniques can be combined with digital interactive narrative tools to facilitate communication with children during counseling sessions. The field of ``narrative play therapy'' could profit from the r...... to the emergent interactive storytelling process. At the same time the counselor is given the means for obtaining valuable information for guiding and structuring the therapeutic process.......In this article we explore the means by which state-of-the-art knowledge on children counseling techniques can be combined with digital interactive narrative tools to facilitate communication with children during counseling sessions. The field of ``narrative play therapy'' could profit from...... the reconciliation between free-play and narratives afforded by interactive digital tools in order to promote children's engagement. We present a digital interactive narrative application integrated with a ``step-by-step'' guide to the counselor, which could be adapted to many different situations and contexts where...
Krishnan, Lata A; Richards, K Andrew R; Simpson, Jennifer M
The purpose of this study was to evaluate students' academic and civic learning, with particular interest in cultural competence, gained through participation in the Speech, Language, and Hearing Sciences in Zambia study-abroad program. Twelve female students participated in the program. Quantitative data collected included pre- and postprogram administration of the Public Affairs Scale (Levesque-Bristol & Cornelius-White, 2012) to measure changes in participants' civic learning. Qualitative data included journals, end-of-program reflection papers, videos, and researcher field notes. Feedback was also obtained from community-partner organizations via a questionnaire and rating scale. Comparison of the pre- and postprogram Public Affairs Scale data showed a significant increase in cultural competence and a marginal increase in community engagement at the conclusion of the program. Qualitative data showed that participants' cultural awareness was increased, they benefited from hands-on learning, and they experienced a variety of emotions and emotional and personal growth. Results show that a short-term study-abroad program with a service-learning component can be a mechanism for students to enhance academic and civic learning, specifically cultural competence and clinical skills. Sustainability of programs is a challenge that needs to be addressed.
Orzan, E; Ciciriello, E
Non-uniform, late, or inappropriate care of childhood with permanent hearing impairment (PHI) predisposes many children to develop communicative- behaviour problems and impaired psychosocial adjustment that can persist in adolescence and adulthood.In March 2014, the CCM (Centro Controllo Malattie or Disease Control Centre) of the Italian Ministry of Health funded a project entitled " Preventing Communication Disorders: a Regional Program for Early Identification, Intervention and Care of Hearing Impaired Children". The project involved 5 tertiary centres with UNHS programs formally approved by the Region. The main purpose of the project is to define and launch an integrated regionally-based public health model for identification, diagnosis and intervention of childhood PHI. The first phase of the project investigated the state of art and produced recommendations for positive changes in identification, diagnosis, therapy and care of childhood PHI in Italy, taking into account diagnostic and treatment innovations, family empowerment, treatment alliance and an interdisciplinary approach. Recommendations drawn from this initial phase will represent the basis for a regional system for early intervention that is validated, integrated and shared between the five regions. © Copyright by Società Italiana di Otorinolaringologia e Chirurgia Cervico-Facciale.
City Univ. of New York, Flushing, NY. Queens Coll.
The document contains six research papers on language and communication disorders. Entries include the following titles and authors: "A Method of Pragmatic Analysis for a Down's Syndrome Child" (P. Halfond and P. Tamari); "Follow the Leader--Why a Language Disordered Child Can't Be 'It'" (C. Grossfeld and E. Geller); "Communication Patterns of an…
Folsom, Richard D.
The paper analyses issues in the hearing assessment of multihandicapped deaf-blind children. The experiences of the authors as consultants to centers for deaf-blind children are briefly noted. Advantages and disadvantages are considered for two basic approaches to hearing assessment: the electrophysiologic in which electricity from neural…
Mimura, Tamie; Sato, Eisuke; Sugiura, Makoto; Yoshino, Takahiko; Naganawa, Shinji; Nakashima, Tsutomu
The Bing test is based on the principle that occlusion of the external auditory meatus improves the perception of bone-conducted sounds unless there is a conductive hearing impairment. An air-bone gap has been reported in patients with large vestibular aqueduct (LVA) syndrome without apparent middle ear dysfunction. We therefore performed the Bing test on nine patients with this syndrome to evaluate whether it is associated with an air-bone gap or middle ear dysfunction. Bone conduction thresholds did not change significantly during the Bing test in any patient. Because an air-bone gap is observed in patients with abnormal communication between the inner ear and cerebrospinal fluid through the LVA, dehiscent superior canal, or dilated inner ear meatus; we propose that a 'three windows' model (in which the abnormal communication provided by the enlarged endolymphatic duct and sac in LVA acts as the 'third window' for sound conductance) might explain the air-bone gap in such patients.
Núñez-Batalla, Faustino; Noriega-Iglesias, Sabel; Guntín-García, Maite; Carro-Fernández, Pilar; Llorente-Pendás, José Luis
Conventional audiometry is the gold standard for quantifying and describing hearing loss. Alternative methods become necessary to assess subjects who are too young to respond reliably. Auditory evoked potentials constitute the most widely used method for determining hearing thresholds objectively; however, this stimulus is not frequency specific. The advent of the auditory steady-state response (ASSR) leads to more specific threshold determination. The current study describes and compares ASSR, auditory brainstem response (ABR) and conventional behavioural tone audiometry thresholds in a group of infants with various degrees of hearing loss. A comparison was made between ASSR, ABR and behavioural hearing thresholds in 35 infants detected in the neonatal hearing screening program. Mean difference scores (±SD) between ABR and high frequency ABR thresholds were 11.2 dB (±13) and 10.2 dB (±11). Pearson correlations between the ASSR and audiometry thresholds were 0.80 and 0.91 (500Hz); 0.84 and 0.82 (1000Hz); 0.85 and 0.84 (2000Hz); and 0.83 and 0.82 (4000Hz). The ASSR technique is a valuable extension of the clinical test battery for hearing-impaired children. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier España, S.L.U. and Sociedad Española de Otorrinolaringología y Cirugía de Cabeza y Cuello. All rights reserved.
Adebola, Stephen Oluwatosin; Olamoyegun, Micheal A; Sogebi, Olusola A; Iwuala, Sandra O; Babarinde, John A; Oyelakin, Abayomi O
This cross-sectional comparative study was carried out at the Diabetes outpatient clinic of LAUTECH Teaching Hospital (LTH) Ogbomoso, Nigeria. This study assessed patterns of otologic diseases and auditory acuity among type 2 diabetics and determinants of these findings among diabetics. Ninety-seven consenting patients with clinical diagnosis of diabetes mellitus (194 ears) were matched for age and sex with ninety non-diabetic patients (180 ears). These patients were screened using otoscopy and pure tone audiometry over a 6-month period. The study reported a crude prevalence rate of 21.6% hearing loss in T2DM patients. The most common type of otologic disease that showed significant association with T2DM patients was otitis media with effusion (p=0.027). T2DM was significantly associated with abnormal audiometric findings (p=0.022), particularly sensorineural hearing loss (p=0.022), of the moderate grade (p=0.057). There were no differences of the audilogical findings for any particular ear, and no differential affectation of frequency range was observed. Coexisting hypertension and poor glycaemic control were significantly associated with aggravation of the hearing of the T2DM patients (p< 0.001, and p=0.009 respectively). T2DM had appreciable effects on hearing acuity. T2DM was significantly associated with the type and the degree of the hearing loss. The need for screening of hearing acuity of T2DM patients, in order to detect early changes, and promptly offer an adequate management and remedial measures was emphasized in this study. Copyright © 2016 Associação Brasileira de Otorrinolaringologia e Cirurgia Cérvico-Facial. Published by Elsevier Editora Ltda. All rights reserved.
Lookabaugh, Sarah; Niesten, Marlien E F; Owoc, Maryanna; Kozin, Elliott D.; Grolman, Wilko; Lee, Daniel J.
OBJECTIVE:: To assess the change in hearing, vestibular function, and size of superior canal dehiscence (SCD) in patients with SCD syndrome over time. PATIENTS:: Adult patients with SCD in one or both ears with documented sign and symptom progression, as shown by the medical record, audiometry,
Adebola, Stephen Oluwatosin; Olamoyegun, Micheal A.; Sogebi, Olusola A.; Iwuala, Sandra O.; Babarinde, John A.; Oyelakin, Abayomi O.
ABSTRACT INTRODUCTION: This cross-sectional comparative study was carried out at the Diabetes outpatient clinic of LAUTECH Teaching Hospital (LTH) Ogbomoso, Nigeria. OBJECTIVE: This study assessed patterns of otologic diseases and auditory acuity among type 2 diabetics and determinants of these findings among diabetics. METHODS: Ninety-seven consenting patients with clinical diagnosis of diabetes mellitus (194 ears) were matched for age and sex with ninety non-diabetic patients (180 ears)....
Shotland, Lawrence I; Mastrioanni, Mary Ann; Choo, Daniel L; Szymko-Bennett, Yvonne M; Dally, Leonard G; Pikus, Anita T; Sledjeski, Kathryn; Marques, Adriana
The purpose of this study was to characterize auditory function in patients diagnosed with post-treatment Lyme disease syndrome (PTLDS). Eighteen patients with PTLDS were evaluated and compared to a normal population. Evaluations consisted of pure tone and speech thresholds, word recognition (WRS), acoustic immittance battery, auditory brain stem response (ABR), and loudness discomfort level (LDL). Both seropositive and seronegative patients were evaluated. Audiologists were blinded to patient status. Forty four percent of the patients had one or more abnormal pure tone thresholds compared to gender- and age-adjusted norms. Thirty-one percent showed abnormally reduced LDLs, and 17% had abnormal acoustic reflexes at one or more frequencies. This paper catalogs previously unstudied long-term auditory system sequelae resulting from PTLDS. Our most significant finding was the dramatically reduced loudness tolerance in the presence of either normal or minimally impaired hearing. The clinician is encouraged to consider PTLDS when confronted with these or similar findings in patients having history of Borrelia burgdorferi infection and continued complaints.
Edwards, Marge; Stredler-Brown, Arlene; Houston, K Todd
Recent advances in videoconferencing technology have resulted in a substantial increase in the use of live videoconferencing-referred to here as telepractice-to diagnose and treat speech, language, and hearing disorders...
Edwards, Marge; Stredler-Brown, Arlene; Houston, K. Todd
Recent advances in videoconferencing technology have resulted in a substantial increase in the use of live videoconferencing--referred to here as telepractice--to diagnose and treat speech, language, and hearing disorders. There is growing support from professional organizations for use of this service delivery model, as videoconferencing…
Sydlowski, Sarah A; Cevette, Michael J; Shallop, Jon
Superficial siderosis of the central nervous system (SSCN) results after chronic subarachnoid hemorrhage. Consequent demyelination, particularly of the cochleovestibular nerve and cerebellum, causes auditory-vestibular dysfunction. Predominant symptoms include progressive sensorineural hearing loss, imbalance, and ataxia. Despite characteristic auditory-vestibular involvement, SSCN is not well known among the hearing health community. Clinical records of 49 patients diagnosed with SSCN were reviewed. Analysis included review of demographic, audiometric, and vestibular data of the largest sample to date and comparison to 31 audiovestibular case reports in the literature. Hearing loss and disordered balance were reported by 92% and 67% of patients, respectively. Results suggest variable but substantial auditory-vestibular involvement related to SSCN. Hearing loss is typically progressive, sloping, and asymmetric and exceeds hearing loss expected based on age or sex. Decreased word recognition is possible and traditional amplification may fail to provide benefit. SSCN is a destructive disorder affecting the auditory-vestibular system. Although not a common diagnosis, SSCN may be more prevalent than clinicians realize. Site of lesion may be anywhere within the auditory-vestibular system from the inner ear to the cortex, although the cochleovestibular nerve and cerebellum are particularly vulnerable. The progressive retrocochlear nature of the disorder makes differential diagnosis difficult and development of effective treatment options challenging. It is essential that audiologists and otologists recognize this uncommon cause of sensorineural hearing loss and balance disorder and the implications for evaluation, treatment, and counseling.
M. H. Nilforoush
Full Text Available Hearing evaluation usually includes hearing threshold assessment, middle ear function, and word recognition tests that lead to an accurate result of peripheral and central auditory system. However, they have some limitations because they cannot fully encompass all aspects of hearing loss problems. Using self-assessment approach, via a questionnaire or telephone survey, is one of the easiest methods to study hearing loss in population. In this research, 60 nursing home residents (27 females and 33 males ranging from 55 to 85 years with a mean age of were studied via completing self-assessment questionnaire by the elderly cases (NHHI self-version and the other one was filled by the nursing home personnel (NHHI staff-version. The effects of the hearing loss level on the self- and staff-version scores indicated that there is a significant relationship between self- and staff-version with hearing loss levels ( in male and female. Results from this study demonstrate the usefulness of NHHI questionnaire for evaluating hearing handicap of aged people and it may be a useful adjunct in setting up treatment and determining proper care.
Saunders, J E; Jastrzembski, B G; Buckey, J C; Enriquez, D; MacKenzie, T A; Karagas, M R
We measured fingernail metal levels, Békésy-type pure-tone thresholds and distortion product otoacoustic emission (DPOAE) levels in 59 subjects residing in the gold mining community of Bonanza, Nicaragua. Auditory testing revealed widespread hearing loss in the cohort. Nail metal concentrations (mercury, lead, aluminum, manganese and arsenic) far exceeded reference levels. No relationship was found between metal levels and auditory test results for the group as a whole. Statistically significant relationships were found between DPOAE response amplitudes and metal concentrations in a subgroup with less than 40 h per week of significant noise exposure; however, conclusions regarding these relationships should be tempered by the large number of analyses performed. Several young individuals with high metal levels reported neurological symptoms and had poor hearing. The data suggest that metal levels in artisanal mining communities present a significant public health problem and may affect hearing. Copyright © 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel.
Swartz, Daniel B.
This study examined four male homosexual, sociocultural groups: normal-hearing homosexuals with normal-hearing parents, deaf homosexuals with normal-hearing parents, deaf homosexuals with hearing-impaired parents, and hard-of-hearing homosexuals with normal-hearing parents. Differences with regard to self-perception, identity, and attitudes were…
Tanrivermis Sayit, Asli; Elmali, Muzaffer; Kemal, Ozgur; Terzi, Yuksel
The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of jugular bulb-vestibular aqueduct dehiscence (JBVAD) in patients undergoing temporal bone multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) and assess the relationship between JBVAD and hearing loss with the findings of audiometry. About 1503 temporal bone MDCT scans were evaluated for the prevalence of JBVAD. Correlation of the imaging findings and audiometric data was performed. Patients were divided into two groups, those with and those without hearing loss, and were statistically compared. Jugular bulb-vestibular aqueduct dehiscence was detected in 124 of the 1503 patients with a prevalence of 8.2%. MDCT images of 56 of the 124 patients were normal except for JBVAD (n = 38) and close proximity of the jugular bulb (JB) and vestibular aqueduct (VA) (n = 18). A total of 23 of 38 patients with JBVAD and 7 of 18 patients with close proximity of the JB and VA had hearing loss detected by audiometric evaluation. The most common hearing loss was detected as sensorineural hearing loss in patients with JBVAD. Also, median air and bone conduction and air bone gap values were found statistically higher in patients with hearing loss versus those without hearing loss.
Lorens, Artur; Skarzynski, Henryk; Rivas, Adriana; Rivas, José Antonio; Zimmermann, Kim; Parnes, Lorne; Lassaletta, Luis; Gavilán, Javiér; Bodt, Marc De; van de Heyning, Paul; Martin, Jane; Raine, Christopher H; Rajeswaran, Ranjith; Kameswaran, Mohan; Manoj, Manikoth; Pulibalathingal, Sasidharan
To determine and evaluate the time clinics needed to complete the sub-processes involved in the first-fitting and follow-up fitting of people with a cochlear implant. Eight HEARRING clinics completed a questionnaire recording how long it took to complete the sub-processes involved in first-fitting and follow-up fitting cochlear implant recipients. The mean times of clinics and procedures were then compared. Questionnaires on 77 patients were completed. Clinics varied widely on time spent on each sub-process in both first- and follow-up fittings. Total first-fitting times were similar across clinics. Follow-up fitting times varied more across clinics although this may have been due to differences in questionnaire interpretation. If a patient management plan can help increasingly busy cochlear implant clinics provide high-quality care more efficiently, essential first steps are determining which procedures are generally performed and how long their performance takes. Until reliable data are gathered, constructing a patient management plan or reaping the potential benefits of its use will remain elusive; clinics will have to find what solutions they can to meet rising workload demands. The variation in time spent on each sub-process may suggest that some clinics have more efficient workflow procedures. Compiling a best practice for each process could be instrumental in creating a professional process management plan that would increase efficiency without sacrificing quality of care.
Isabel C Uys
Full Text Available Tins article aims at a presentation of transformation in communication pathology.
Die doel van hierdie artikel is om transformasie in kommunikasiepatologie voor te hou. *Please note: This is a reduced version of the abstract. Please refer to PDF for full text.
Völker, Christoph; Bisitz, Thomas; Huber, Rainer; Kollmeier, Birger; Ernst, Stephan M A
Two modifications of the standardised MUlti Stimulus test with Hidden Reference and Anchor (MUSHRA), namely MUSHRA simple and MUSHRA drag&drop, were implemented and evaluated together with the original test method. The modifications were designed to maximise the accessibility of MUSHRA for elderly and technically non-experienced listeners, who constitute the typical target group in hearing aid evaluation. Three MUSHRA variants were assessed based on subjective and objective measures, e.g. test-retest reliability, discrimination ability, time exposure and overall preference. With each method, participants repeated the task to rate the quality of several hearing aid algorithms four times. Fifty listeners grouped into five subject classes were tested, including elderly and technically non-experienced participants with normal and impaired hearing. Normal-hearing, technically experienced students served as controls. Both modifications can be used to obtain compatible rating results. Both were preferred over the classical MUSHRA procedure. Technically experienced listeners performed best with the modification MUSHRA drag&drop. The comprehensive comparison of the MUSHRA variants demonstrates that the intuitive modification MUSHRA drag&drop can be generally recommended. However, considering e.g. specific evaluation demands, we suggest a differentiated and careful application of listening test methods.
Boisvert, Isabelle; Clemesha, Jennifer; Lundmark, Erik; Crome, Erica; Barr, Caitlin; McMahon, Catherine M.
Health-care service delivery models have evolved from a practitioner-centered approach toward a patient-centered ideal. Concurrently, increasing emphasis has been placed on the use of empirical evidence in decision-making to increase clinical accountability. The way in which clinicians use empirical evidence and client preferences to inform decision-making provides an insight into health-care delivery models utilized in clinical practice. The present study aimed to investigate the sources of ...
Ekberg, Katie; Hickson, Louise; Grenness, Caitlin
Background: Conversational breakdowns are a persistent concern for older adults with hearing impairment (HI). Previous studies in experimental settings have investigated potential causes of breakdowns in conversations with a person with HI, and effective strategies for repairing these breakdowns. However, little research has explored the causes of…
Penteado, Silvio Pires
Full Text Available Introduction: Currently, the Brazilian government has certificated nearly 140 specialized centers in hearing aid fittings through the Brazilian National Health System (SUS. Remote fitting through the Internet can allow a broader and more efficient coverage with a higher likelihood of success for patients covered by the SUS, as they can receive fittings from their own homes instead of going to the few and distant specialized centers. Aim: To describe a case of remote fitting between 2 cities, with revision of the literature. Method: Computer gears, a universal interface, and hearing aids were used. Case study: An audiologist located in a specialized center introduced a new hearing aid and its fitting procedure to a remote center (200 km away. The specialized center helped the remote center in fitting a hearing aid in 2 patients, and performed fitting in one of its own patients. The whole process was done through the Internet with audio and video in real time. Results: Three patients were fitted remotely. Three audiologists were remotely trained on how to fit the hearing aids. Conclusions: Remote fitting of hearing aids is possible through the Internet, as well as further supplying technical training to a remote center about the fitting procedures. Such a technological approach can help the government advance public policies on hearing rehabilitation, as patients can be motivated about maintaining their use of hearing aids with the option to ask for help in the comfort of their own homes.
Results. The study showed that 41.3% of the children suffered from bothersome tinnitus. In this group 44.1% of the patients demonstrated normal hearing. The success of the therapy after 6 months was estimated on 81.4% of significant improvement. Conclusions. It is recommended that a questionnaire include an inquiry about the presence of tinnitus during hearing screening tests.
Srinivasan, Jyoti; Reddy, Venkat M; Flanagan, Phillip M
External auditory canal exostoses may be a preventable disease, so it is surprising that the regular use of water precautions is not greater among surfers. One reason for this is the impairment of hearing whilst wearing earplugs. The objective of this study is to establish the hearing impairment of commonly available earplugs used by surfers. Staff and patients with normal hearing were recruited to have pure tone audiometry performed multiple times, initially with no earplugs, and subsequently with earplugs. Three earplug types were tested which differed in their nature and material (prefabricated elastomer, custom-fitted silicone, and custom-fitted acrylic). Vented and non-vented forms of the earplugs were tested. 30 normal hearing ears were included. Two-tailed paired t-tests comparing hearing thresholds between different earplugs identified that the elastomer earplugs caused the least hearing impairment (p earplugs (p = 0.148), but the difference between vented and non-vented forms of other earplugs was statistically significant (silicone p = 0.010, acrylic p = 0.018). Prefabricated ear plugs produce less hearing impairment than other commonly available earplugs. A customised earplug made of hard material causes the greatest impairment of hearing. We therefore recommend that for aquatic sports where hearing is important, a soft prefabricated earplug is preferable.
... hearing loss at 16 months, it was a remarkable academic and personal success. His hearing loss was moderate at first, but he was profoundly deaf when he had his cochlear implant about 10 years later. When my nephew walked across the stage for me to give him his diploma on graduation day, I couldn't help but think about how proud I was, not just of him but of the audiologists and speech-language pathologists who worked collaboratively over the past several years to support his success as a communicator...
Pupo, Altair Cadrobbi; Balieiro, Clay Rienzo; Figueiredo, Renata de Souza Lima
OBJETIVO: conhecer os fatores de risco para deficiência auditiva e obter informações sobre o tempo transcorrido entre suspeita, diagnóstico e intervenção em crianças e jovens deficientes auditivos atendidos no Serviço de Audiologia Educacional, DERDIC-PUC-SP. MÉTODOS: estudo retrospectivo de 162 prontuários de deficientes auditivos com idade entre um e 17 anos e 6 meses, atendidos de 1999 a 2002. Para registro dos dados utilizou-se a adaptação do protocolo elaborado no Fórum de Reabilitação A...
Rivers, Kenyatta O.; Perkins, Rosalie A.; Carson, Cecyle P.
Background: Formal training in dealing with death and dying issues is not a standard content area in communication sciences and disorders programmes' curricula. At the same time, it cannot be presumed that pre-professional students' personal background equips them to deal with these issues. Aim: To investigate the perceptions of pre-professional…
Penteado, Silvio Pires; Ramos, Sueli de Lima; Battistella, Linamara Rizzo; Marone, Silvio Antonio Monteiro; Bento, Ricardo Ferreira
Summary Introduction: Currently, the Brazilian government has certificated nearly 140 specialized centers in hearing aid fittings through the Brazilian National Health System (SUS). Remote fitting through the Internet can allow a broader and more efficient coverage with a higher likelihood of success for patients covered by the SUS, as they can receive fittings from their own homes instead of going to the few and distant specialized centers. Aim: To describe a case of remote fitting between 2 cities, with revision of the literature. Method: Computer gears, a universal interface, and hearing aids were used. Case study: An audiologist located in a specialized center introduced a new hearing aid and its fitting procedure to a remote center (200 km away). The specialized center helped the remote center in fitting a hearing aid in 2 patients, and performed fitting in one of its own patients. The whole process was done through the Internet with audio and video in real time. Results: Three patients were fitted remotely. Three audiologists were remotely trained on how to fit the hearing aids. Conclusions: Remote fitting of hearing aids is possible through the Internet, as well as further supplying technical training to a remote center about the fitting procedures. Such a technological approach can help the government advance public policies on hearing rehabilitation, as patients can be motivated about maintaining their use of hearing aids with the option to ask for help in the comfort of their own homes. PMID:25991960
Ralli, Massimo; Balla, Maria Paola; Greco, Antonio; Altissimi, Giancarlo; Ricci, Pasquale; Turchetta, Rosaria; de Virgilio, Armando; de Vincentiis, Marco; Ricci, Serafino; Cianfrone, Giancarlo
Work-related noise exposure is one of the major factors contributing to the development of adult-onset hearing loss and tinnitus. The aim of this study was to analyze, in patients with chronic tinnitus and long-term occupational noise exposure, (A) characteristics of hearing loss, tinnitus, comorbidities, demographic characteristics and a history of work-related noise exposure and (B) differences among individuals employed in occupations with high and low risk of developing work-related noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL). One hundred thirty six patients with chronic tinnitus and at least a 10 year-long working history were divided into two groups based on the risk of their profession to induce NIHL. Individuals employed in jobs at high risk for NIHL were mostly males and exhibited a poorer hearing threshold, more evident in the left ear. Tinnitus was mostly bilateral; the next largest presentation was left-sided; patients described their tinnitus as buzzing or high-pitched. Correlation between age, length of tinnitus and worse hearing was found. Patients with a higher degree of hearing impairment were mostly males and were more likely to have a family history of hearing loss and at least one cardiovascular comorbidity. Our study shows some differences in individuals with tinnitus and a history of a profession associated with increased exposure to NIHL compared to those without such a history.
Full Text Available Work-related noise exposure is one of the major factors contributing to the development of adult-onset hearing loss and tinnitus. The aim of this study was to analyze, in patients with chronic tinnitus and long-term occupational noise exposure, (A characteristics of hearing loss, tinnitus, comorbidities, demographic characteristics and a history of work-related noise exposure and (B differences among individuals employed in occupations with high and low risk of developing work-related noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL. One hundred thirty six patients with chronic tinnitus and at least a 10 year-long working history were divided into two groups based on the risk of their profession to induce NIHL. Individuals employed in jobs at high risk for NIHL were mostly males and exhibited a poorer hearing threshold, more evident in the left ear. Tinnitus was mostly bilateral; the next largest presentation was left-sided; patients described their tinnitus as buzzing or high-pitched. Correlation between age, length of tinnitus and worse hearing was found. Patients with a higher degree of hearing impairment were mostly males and were more likely to have a family history of hearing loss and at least one cardiovascular comorbidity. Our study shows some differences in individuals with tinnitus and a history of a profession associated with increased exposure to NIHL compared to those without such a history.
Full Text Available In this editorial introduction we aim to explore the notion of contextually-relevant resources. We argue that it is the responsibility of Speech Language Therapists (SLTs and Audiologists (As working in South Africa to develop contextually relevant resources, and not to rely on the countries or cultures where the professions originated to do so. Language is often cited as the main barrier to contextually relevant resources: most SLTs and As are aware of the need for more resources in the indigenous local languages. However, the issue is not as straightforward as translating resources from English into other languages. The challenges related to culture, e.g. formal education, familiarity with the test situation, have to be considered; as well as the population on which norms were obtained; the nature of vocabulary or picture items. This paper introduces four original research papers that follow in this edition of the journal, and showcases them as examples of innovative development in our field. At the same time we call for the further development of assessment materials, intervention resources, and contributions to the evidence base in our context. We emphasise the importance of local knowledge to drive the development of these resources in innovative and perhaps unexpected ways, and suggest that all clinicians have an important role to play in this process.
Full Text Available We studied 49 patients with partial epilepsy divided into lesional cases (i.e. with lesions on CT scan and non-lesional cases (i.e. without CT scan lesions, in relation to the Wechsler Intelligence Scale subtests (Coding, Digit span, dichotic listening CV task and Central Auditory Test (SSI, PSI. The aim of this paper was to study the hemispheric prevalence in dichotic listening task with regard to cognitive perforamance, as well as the presence or absence of central auditory dysfunction. Lesional cases presented a hemisphere prevalence in dichotic listening task with regard to cognitive performance, as well as the non-lesional cases tend to report the stimuli in the same side of EEC focus. Significant differences were found among the lesional and non lesional cases in relation to the digit span score and Coding subtest in right lesional cases versus right non-lesional cases. Both lesional and non-lesional group showed signs of central auditory dysfunction. We suggest that the dichotic listening and SSI and PSI test can be useful for a best comprehension of asymmetric neuropsychological performance in partial epilepsy.
Renato Peixoto Veras
Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Revisar a literatura sobre a perda auditiva associada ao envelhecimento e suas implicações, numa perspectiva atual. REVISÃO DA LITERATURA: Nos estudos realizados no Brasil, a presbiacusia vem sendo apontada como causa mais freqüente da deficiência auditiva em pessoas idosas, implicando em uma dificuldade de compreensão durante a comunicação verbal. Estudos internacionais também mostram alta prevalência da perda auditiva em pessoas idosas. DISCUSSÃO: Segundo pesquisas recentes, à medida que o quantitativo da população idosa vem aumentando, também aumenta a prevalência da presbiacusia que interfere na qualidade de vida do idoso. Mesmo entre os profissionais de saúde, ainda é grande o desconhecimento em relação às vantagens e ganhos que a reeducação auditiva específica para idosos com perda auditiva pode oferecer. CONCLUSÃO: Os artigos aqui analisados mostraram que os serviços de saúde da rede pública, que envolvem médicos e fonoaudiólogos, devem estabelecer diretrizes para o desenvolvimento de programas de diagnóstico, aquisição de aparelhos de amplificação sonora individual e, principalmente, de reeducação auditiva para os idosos portadores de presbiacusia, para que eles possam participar e desfrutar das relações sociais, mantendo uma boa qualidade de vida. Entretanto, no Brasil, os estudos e pesquisas nesta área estão apenas começando.AIM: to review the literature on aging-related hearing loss and its current impacts. LITERATURE REVIEW: In studies carried out in Brazil, presbycusis has been blamed for being the most frequent cause of hearing loss in the elderly, causing verbal communication impairment. International studies also show the high prevalence of hearing loss in the elderly. DISCUSSION: According to recent investigations, as the number of elderly people increase, the prevalence of presbycusis interfering in the life quality of this population also increases. Even among health care professionals, there is a huge lack of knowledge about the advantages and gains a specific hearing reeducation can bring about for the elderly with hearing impairment. CONCLUSIONS: the papers hereby analyzed showed that the public health care centers with physicians and speech and hearing therapists, should establish the guidelines for the development of diagnostic programs, purchase of hearing aids and, most specially, hearing reeducation for the elderly with presbycusis, so that they may enjoy their social relations, and thus enhance their life quality. However, in Brazil, studies and research in this area only beginning.
Full Text Available Objectives: Hearing loss is a major public health problem and has higher prevalence in elderly persons. Present study was conducted with the aim of characterizing age-related changes on audiometric thresholds and word discrimination ability of people with age range of 30 to 100 years. Methods & Materials: Hundred ninty persons (male 53.68% and female 46.32% in seven aged decades were studied from May 2005 to Oct 2007 in Tehran. Individuals who referred for auditory evaluation had concern regarding presence of a kind of hearing problem. Pure tone audiometry, word discrimination score and immittance audiometry were performed for those people who has no previous history of auditory impairment and/or experiencing hearing hazardous agents. Results: There was a significant reverse correlation between recording of acoustic reflexes with both age and hearing loss average. Loss of hearing sensitivity among seven aged decades was significant statistically. Hearing loss showed more decrement in men than women in all audiometric frequencies, and the difference between them was significant in higher frequencies. Decrease of word discrimination score with age growth was significant, and with 12.63% permanent tinnitus, 6.84% vertigo/dizziness and 4.21% history of hearing aid usage were reported in all individuals. Conclusion: Hearing sensitivity declines gradually and progressively with aging. Effects of hearing loss and some of it's associated disorders specially tinnitus and vertigo/ dizziness on degree of communication and quality of life in such individuals and higher prevalence in aged people reveals the necessity of scientific and executive programming for identification and treatment of auditory problems in such population.
Smith, Sherri L; Pichora-Fuller, M Kathleen; Alexander, Genevieve
The purpose of this study was to develop the Word Auditory Recognition and Recall Measure (WARRM) and to conduct the inaugural evaluation of the performance of younger adults with normal hearing, older adults with normal to near-normal hearing, and older adults with pure-tone hearing loss on the WARRM. The WARRM is a new test designed for concurrently assessing word recognition and auditory working memory performance in adults who may have pure-tone hearing loss. The test consists of 100 monosyllabic words based on widely used speech-recognition test materials. The 100 words are presented in recall set sizes of 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 items, with 5 trials in each set size. The WARRM yields a word-recognition score and a recall score. The WARRM was administered to all participants in three listener groups under two processing conditions in a mixed model (between-subjects, repeated measures) design. The between-subjects factor was group, with 48 younger listeners with normal audiometric thresholds (younger listeners with normal hearing [YNH]), 48 older listeners with normal thresholds through 3000 Hz (older listeners with normal hearing [ONH]), and 48 older listeners with sensorineural hearing loss (older listeners with hearing loss [OHL]). The within-subjects factor was WARRM processing condition (no additional task or with an alphabet judgment task). The associations between results on the WARRM test and results on a battery of other auditory and memory measures were examined. Word-recognition performance on the WARRM was not affected by processing condition or set size and was near ceiling for the YNH and ONH listeners (99 and 98%, respectively) with both groups performing significantly better than the OHL listeners (83%). The recall results were significantly better for the YNH, ONH, and OHL groups with no processing (93, 84, and 75%, respectively) than with the alphabet processing (86, 77, and 70%). In both processing conditions, recall was best for YNH, followed by ONH, and worst for OHL listeners. WARRM recall scores were significantly correlated with other memory measures. In addition, WARRM recall scores were correlated with results on the Words-In-Noise (WIN) test for the OHL listeners in the no processing condition and for ONH listeners in the alphabet processing condition. Differences in the WIN and recall scores of these groups are consistent with the interpretation that the OHL listeners found listening to be sufficiently demanding to affect recall even in the no processing condition, whereas the ONH group listeners did not find it so demanding until the additional alphabet processing task was added. These findings demonstrate the feasibility of incorporating an auditory memory test into a word-recognition test to obtain measures of both word recognition and working memory simultaneously. The correlation of WARRM recall with scores from other memory measures is evidence of construct validity. The observation of correlations between the WIN thresholds with each of the older groups and recall scores in certain processing conditions suggests that recall depends on listeners' word-recognition abilities in noise in combination with the processing demands of the task. The recall score provides additional information beyond the pure-tone audiogram and word-recognition scores that may help rehabilitative audiologists assess the listening abilities of patients with hearing loss.
Núñez-Batalla, Faustino; Jáudenes-Casaubón, Carmen; Sequí-Canet, Jose Miguel; Vivanco-Allende, Ana; Zubicaray-Ugarteche, Jose
The latest scientific literature considers early diagnosis of deafness as the key element to define the educational and inclusive prognosis of the deaf child, because it allows taking advantage of the critical period of development (0-4 years). Highly significant differences exist between deaf people who have been stimulated early and those who have received late or improper intervention. Early identification of late-onset disorders requires special attention and knowledge on the part of every childcare professional. Programs and additional actions beyond neonatal screening should be designed and planed to ensure that every child with a significant hearing loss is detected early. For this purpose, the CODEPEH would like to highlight the need for continuous monitoring of children's auditory health. Consequently, CODEPEH has drafted the recommendations included in the present document. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier España, S.L.U. and Sociedad Española de Otorrinolaringología y Patología Cérvico-Facial. All rights reserved.
Arlene C. Neuman
Full Text Available Ninety-four unilateral CI patients with bimodal listening experience (CI plus HA in contralateral ear completed a questionnaire that focused on attitudes toward hearing aid use postimplantation, patterns of usage, and perceived bimodal benefits in daily life. Eighty participants continued HA use and 14 discontinued HA use at the time of the questionnaire. Participant responses provided useful information for counseling patients both before and after implantation. The majority of continuing bimodal (CI plus HA participants reported adapting to using both devices within 3 months and also reported that they heard better bimodally in quiet, noisy, and reverberant conditions. They also perceived benefits including improved sound quality, better music enjoyment, and sometimes a perceived sense of acoustic balance. Those who discontinued HA use found either that using the HA did not provide additional benefit over the CI alone or that using the HA degraded the signal from the CI. Because there was considerable overlap in the audiograms and in speech recognition performance in the unimplanted ear between the two groups, we recommend that unilateral CI recipients are counseled to continue to use the HA in the contralateral ear postimplantation in order to determine whether or not they receive functional or perceived benefit from using both devices together.
Neldon, Gayle B.
Evidence-based practice (EBP) is a strategy for the provision of high quality health care. The use of journals to document clinical experiences and reflection has been used in speech-language pathology as well as nursing and psychology. This study uses qualitative analysis to study what AuD students learn about evidence-based practice from writing…
Yao, Jianchu; Givens, Gregg D; Wan, Yongbo
The purpose of this research was to extend applications of the Internet and other telecommunication means to the assessment of hearing. The newly developed distributed system consists primarily of an application server and its database, and Web services under browser-server architecture to support remote hearing assessment. A pilot study was conducted: three independent audiologists assessed hearing of 25 subjects using testing approaches with different data communication configurations. Analysis of the results demonstrated the feasibility of replacing conventional "face-to-face" tests with the remote hearing tests using the distributed system. Because of its distributed architecture, the present system supports a new service model and separates technical maintenance and clinical services. Consequently, the system shows great potential to benefit the clinical hearing care profession. Future research is planned to apply this system to medical facilities and for distance applications.
... Competence—Audiology (CCC-A) and pediatric experience. Audiology shall not include speech therapy. (ii... language services for the correction, amelioration, and prevention of communicative disorders. (v...
Audiologists and speech-language pathologists who participate in or perform procedures on patients who have been medicated for sedation or topical anesthesia should appreciate the complex factors which may expose their patients to risk or harm. Administration of medications to achieve a desired patient state is a medical procedure requiring physician or dentist prescription, physician or dentist approval on the conditions of administration and monitoring, and physician or dentist availability for provision of emergency care that may be required. For these reasons, audiologists and speech-language pathologists should address issues of scope of practice as defined by state licensing boards and institutional regulatory committees, professional liability, and patient and practitioner safety before engaging in procedures on individuals medicated for sedation or topical anesthesia. These issues should be defined in specific, written protocols that the audiologist and speech-language pathologist develop in collaboration with physicians, dentists, and other medical professionals who are responsible for patient care. The protocols should specify responsibility for each aspect of care and limit procedures to professional settings with immediate access to emergency medical care. In all instances, both in development of written protocols and in actual professional practice, the comfort and safety of the patient must be paramount.
Matschke, R G
The affects of noise on the human inner ear have been well known for a long time, and measures to prevent occupational noise-induced hearing loss show a clear reduction in the statistics of morbidity. Nevertheless, there are working environments in which the use of ear protection seems to be inapplicable, because communication by speech is indispensable, for example in the cockpit of aircraft. Noise exposure measurements were performed on pilots of helicopters and propeller-machines of the German Federal Navy during realistic flight situations. The ambient noise levels during regular flight service were maintained at levels between 89 dB and 120 dB. Sound protection by flight-helmets and headphones is not only neutralised while using radio and intercom, but the noise during radio-communication is even louder than the noise of the engines. The use of ear protection to avoid excessive noise exposure is only of limited effectiveness. While pilots with normal hearing show only little impairment of speech intelligibility, those with noise-induced hearing loss show substantial impairment that varies in proportion to their hearing loss. Communication abilities may be drastically reduced which may compromise the reliability of radio-communication. The problem may be possibly solved in future by an electronic compensation system for noise.
Hol, M.K.S.; Snik, A.F.M.; Mylanus, E.A.M.; Cremers, C.W.R.J.
OBJECTIVES: To study the effect of a bone-anchored hearing aid (BAHA) in patients with unilateral conductive hearing loss. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective evaluation on 18 subjects. METHODS: Aided and unaided binaural hearing was assessed in the sound field using a sound localization test and a speech
Maria Francisca Colella-Santos
Full Text Available A audição é um dos principais meios de contato do indivíduo com o mundo externo, desempenhando papel fundamental na integração com a sociedade. OBJETIVO: Analisar os resultados obtidos na avaliação audiológica, otorrinolaringológica e genética de lactentes de alto risco que falharam na triagem auditiva neonatal. MATERIAL E MÉTODO: Estudo clínico e experimental. Foram avaliados 38 lactentes, entre 1 e 6 meses de idade cronológica. Os procedimentos utilizados foram: anamnese, imitanciometria, Potencial Evocado Auditivo de Tronco Encefálico, Emissões Otoacústicas por Transiente e avaliação otorrinolaringológica. O estudo genético foi realizado a partir da extração de DNA da mucosa bucal utilizando o método de protocolo adaptado no Laboratório de Genética Humana do CBMEG/UNICAMP. RESULTADO: Não houve diferença estatisticamente significante entre neonatos com audição normal e perda auditiva e as variáveis gênero e número de indicadores de risco. Quanto à idade gestacional, neonatos a termo foram mais afetados. A perda auditiva esteve presente em 58% da amostra, sendo do tipo condutiva em 31,5%, e neurossensorial em 28,9% dos casos. Não foram encontradas as mutações genéticas mais comumente observadas em casos com etiologia genética. CONCLUSÃO: A perda auditiva foi diagnosticada na maioria dos lactentes de risco com provável etiologia ambiental.Hearing is one of the main ways with which one person can contact the external world; it plays a key role in their integration with society. AIM: The objective of this study was to analyze the results of the hearing, medical and genetic evaluation of high-risk infants who failed the newborn hearing screening. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical and experimental study. We assessed thirty-eight neonates, with ages between one and six months. The infants underwent the following procedures: medical interview; immittance testing; Brainstem Auditory Evoked Potential; Transient Evoked Otoacoustic Emission and otorhinolaryngological evaluation. DNA extraction from the oral mucosa was performed for genetic studies using the protocol method adapted from the Human Genetics Lab of the CBMEG/UNICAMP. RESULTS: Regarding gender and presence of risk factors, significant statistically differences were not found in normal hearing infants and in those with hearing loss. Concerning gestational age, term infants were more affected by hearing loss. Hearing loss was identified in 58% of the sample, conduction hearing loss represented 31.5% (12/38 and neurossensory 28.9% of cases. There were none of the genetic mutations most commonly seen in cases with a genetic etiology. CONCLUSION: Hearing loss was identified in the majority of High-risk infants.
Developments in universal newborn hearing screening programs and assistive hearing technology have had considerable effects on the speech, language, and educational success of children who are deaf or hard of hearing. Several recent research studies of children who are deaf or hard of hearing and who use spoken language as their primary method of…
Aline Megumi Arakawa
Full Text Available TEMA: a audição, responsável pela aquisição e desenvolvimento da linguagem, é um dos sentidos que permitem a ocorrência das relações interpessoais e com o meio ambiente. Desta forma, o levantamento epidemiológico da prevalência de deficientes auditivos em uma comunidade é de extrema importância para a adequação das medidas de saúde pública nos vários níveis de prevenção. OBJETIVO: verificar na literatura científica, estudos que tiveram por interesse a busca de conhecimento no âmbito epidemiológico relacionados à perda auditiva no Brasil. Foram utilizados um total de 13 artigos sendo, 11 de estudos transversais, um estudo caso-controle, e outro estudo de coorte. CONCLUSÃO: Os trabalhadores expostos a ruído ocupacional têm recebido maior atenção por parte dos estudos epidemiológicos, diferentemente da população idosa e neonatal. Apenas um estudo com base populacional, seguindo o Protocolo sugerido pela OMS, foi realizado. É importante a realização de mais estudos relacionados à deficiência auditiva no país a fim de elaborar ações de saúde e assistência adequadas às necessidades locais.BACKGROUND: hearing is responsible for acquisition and development of oral language, this sense allows for interpersonal and environmental relationship. Epidemiological investigations on hearing impairment in a community are very important in order to adequate the public health measures at different prevention levels. PURPOSE: to check, in the scientific literature, studies that aimed at the pursuit of hearing loss epidemiology knowledge in Brazil. Thirteen articles were used in this study and 11 were a cross-sectional studies, one a case-control study and another a cohort study. CONCLUSION: Workers exposed to occupational noise have received more attention from epidemiological studies than the elderly and neonate population. Just one population-based study was carried out following the protocol suggested by WHO. It is therefore important to carry out further studies related to hearing loss in the country in order to develop health care and assistance actions that are appropriate to the local needs.
Priwin, Claudia; Jönsson, Radi; Magnusson, Lennart; Hultcrantz, Malou; Granström, Gösta
Previously, unilateral hearing impairment (UHI) has been considered of little consequence. However, a recent meta-analysis of children with UHI displayed educational and behavioural problems and possible delays of speech and language development. Further, patients with UHI consequently report hearing difficulties. Our study investigated hearing function, possible inner ear protection, and self-assessed hearing problems in 57 subjects aged between 3-80 years with single-sided congenital ear malformations and conductive UHI. Pure-tone thresholds and speech recognition (quiet, noise) were measured, and all patients completed a self-assessment questionnaire. Pure-tone thresholds corresponding to sensorineural function did not significantly differ between the normal (air conduction) and affected ear (bone conduction). However, speech recognition in both quiet and in noise was normal on the non-affected side but significantly worse on the malformed side. A moderate to high degree of self-assessed hearing problems were reported. In conclusion, hearing function in the affected ear was found to be subnormal in terms of supra threshold signal processing. Furthermore, a high degree of hearing difficulty was reported. Therefore, active treatment, surgery, or hearing amplification, might be considered.
Akeroyd, Michael A.; Arlinger, Stig; Bentler, Ruth A.; Boothroyd, Arthur; Dillier, Norbert; Dreschler, Wouter A.; Gagné, Jean-Pierre; Lutman, Mark; Wouters, Jan; Wong, Lena; Kollmeier, Birger
To provide guidelines for the development of two types of closed-set speech-perception tests that can be applied and interpreted in the same way across languages. The guidelines cover the digit triplet and the matrix sentence tests that are most commonly used to test speech recognition in noise.
K. Jonas Brännström
Conclusions: An Internet-based support system can be used in audiologic rehabilitation. Both audiologists and clients recognized the system's potential value to offer an online support to the provision of audiologic services.
Fulton, Robert T., Ed.; And Others
Directed to professionals with a basic knowledge of audiological principles, the text presents a review of audiological assessment procedures and their applicability to the retarded. Pure-tone, speech, and Bekesy audiometry are described. Also discussed are differential diagnosis of auditory impairments, conditioning and audiological assessment,…
Melissa Zattoni Antoneli
Full Text Available Frontonasal dysplasia (FND is a rare malformative complex affecting the frontal portion of the face, the eyes and the nose; it may occur singly or associated with other clinical signs. No systematic studies describing hearing in this condition were found. AIM: To evaluate hearing sensitivity and sound stimulus conduction from cochlea to brainstem in patients with clinical signs of FND. METHODS: 21 patients with isolated or syndromic FND were submitted to a clinical (otological/vestibular antecedents and otoscopy and instrumental (pure tone and speech audiometry, tympanometry and brainstem auditory evoked response hearing evaluation. DESIGN: A clinical, cross-sectional observational prospective study. RESULTS: Hearing thresholds were normal in 15 (70% patients, abnormal in 5 (25%, mostly with conductive hearing loss; one patient did not cooperate with testing. The tympanometric curve was type A in 30 (72% ears, type C in 5 (12%, type As in 4 (9% and type B in 3 (7%. The auditory brainstem response (ABR showed no abnormalities. CONCLUSION: Patients with FND showed no abnormalities in the auditory system from cochlea to brainstem in this study. Mild conductive hearing loss found in some is probably related to cleft palate. Further evaluation of hearing pathways at higher levels is recommended.A displasia frontonasal (DFN representa um complexo malformativo que afeta os olhos, o nariz e a região frontal da face. Estudos específicos com o objetivo de estudar a audição na DFN não foram encontrados na literatura. OBJETIVO: Avaliar o sistema auditivo em indivíduos com DFN quanto à acuidade e condução do estímulo sonoro até o tronco encefálico. MATERIAL E MÉTODO: 21 pacientes na faixa etária de 7 a 42 anos, sendo 14 do sexo feminino e 7 do sexo masculino, com DFN isolada ou sindrômica, foram submetidos à anamnese, meatoscopia, imitanciometria, audiometria tonal liminar e potenciais evocados auditivos de tronco encefálico (PEATE. FORMA DE ESTUDO: Estudo de série clínico prospectivo. RESULTADOS: Limiares audiométricos normais em 15 (70% indivíduos e alterados em 5 (25%, sendo perda auditiva condutiva na maior parte. Na timpanometria, 30 orelhas (72% apresentaram curva tipo A, 5 (12% tipo C, 4 (9% tipo Ar e 3 (7% tipo B. Os valores das latências absolutas e interpicos do PEATE foram normais. CONCLUSÕES: Não foram encontradas alterações na via auditiva até o tronco encefálico. As alterações condutivas são provavelmente relacionadas às patologias de orelha média decorrentes da fissura de palato. Sugerimos a avaliação de níveis mais altos dentro do sistema auditivo.
Amanda Perantoni Guigen
Full Text Available Objetivo identificar junto aos alunos dos Cursos de Fonoaudiologia: fatores que levaram a esta escolha de carreira e informações que gostariam de ter recebido sobre esta profissão antes do exame vestibular. Métodos estudo exploratório, descritivo, transversal. Discentes dos cursos de graduação em Fonoaudiologia oferecidos pela Universidade de São Paulo nos campi de Bauru, São Paulo e Ribeirão Preto e egressos do campus de Bauru foram convidados a preencher anonimamente, um questionário online composto por 10 questões a respeito de suas opções de carreira universitária e sobre as fontes e suficiência de informação a respeito da profissão Fonoaudiologia quando da inscrição no exame vestibular. Resultados responderam ao questionário 201 sujeitos (144 graduandos e 57 egressos. A Fonoaudiologia foi a primeira opção de carreira para 119 (59,2% dos participantes. O interesse pela profissão foi o motivador de escolha para 42% dos participantes e o status da universidade, a relação candidato/vaga e a influencia de familiares, dentre outros, para 58% dos respondentes. Os guias de profissões foram as principais fontes de informação sobre a carreira. Cerca de 80% dos sujeitos não estavam satisfeitos com as informações que receberam antes do vestibular, a maioria indicando que gostariam de saber mais sobre o campo de atuação do fonoaudiólogo. Conclusão fatores não relacionados à afinidade ou pendor pela profissão levam à opção pela carreira Fonoaudiologia para a maioria dos participantes. Há necessidade de intensificar a veiculação de informações sobre a profissão, sobretudo o seu campo de atuação para candidatos ao exame vestibular.
Erratum: Correction to Table 3, in: Equivalent threshold sound pressure levels (ETSPL) for Sennheiser HDA 280 supra-aural audiometric earphones in the frequency range 125 Hz to 8000 Hz (International Journal of Audiology (2009) 48 (271-276))
The main results in Poulsen & Oakley (2009) are given as the equivalent threshold sound pressure level, ETSPL, measured in an acoustic coupler specifi ed in IEC 60318-3. These results are all correct. The ETSPL values for the ear simulator specifi ed in IEC 60318-1 were calculated from acoustic l...
... National Library of Medicine) Article: Hearing Loss in Adults. Article: Bilateral versus unilateral hearing aids for bilateral hearing impairment in... Article: Preliminary audiologic and peri-operative outcomes ...
Murphy, James F; Ogloblin, Peter; Mirick, Steven C; Buxton, Richard; Sevier, David M; McKelvy, Marcia; Rubino, Frank
... within the military health care system: dentistry, veterinary medicine, optometry, pharmacy, clinical psychology, physical therapy, occupational therapy, audiology, speech pathology, podiatry, social work, dietetics, and physician assistant...
US Department of Education, 2010
The American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, Council on Academic Accreditation in Audiology and Speech-Language Pathology (CAA) is a national accrediting agency of graduate education programs in audiology or speech-language pathology. The CAA currently accredits or or preaccredits 319 programs (247 in speech-language pathology and 72 in…
(6) Electrical, Electronics, Communication and Energy. Dr. Asha Yathiraj, Prof. AudiologyAISH, Mysore. Ms. M. G. Suchitra, Research Assistant. AJISH, Mysore ... (11) Speech, Language, Hearing Sciences and Disorders. Dr. R. Manjula, Prof Speech Pathology. AISH, Mysore. Dr. P. Manjula, Reader Audiology. AISH, Hysore.
The purpose of this study was to establish audiology referral protocols for post meningitis paediatric populations in two academic hospitals in Gauteng, South Africa. Specific objectives of this study included determining if audiological assessment referrals were made following infection; determining the time of referral post ...
Potenciais evocados auditivos de tronco encefálico por frequência específica e de estado estável na audiologia pediátrica: estudo de caso Frequency-specific and steady-state evoked auditory brainstem responses in pediatric audiology: case study
Gabriela Ribeiro Ivo Rodrigues
Full Text Available Preconiza-se o diagnóstico até os três meses de idade em crianças com deficiência auditiva congênita. Após a etapa inicial de confirmação do diagnóstico, é necessário que se obtenha limiares precisos nas diferentes frequências, para que seja possível uma adequada seleção, indicação e regulagem de aparelhos de amplificação sonora. Nesse contexto, inserem-se os Potenciais Evocados Auditivos de Tronco Encefálico por Frequência Específica (PEATE-FE e, mais recentemente, os Potenciais Evocados Auditivos de Estado Estável (PEAEE. O objetivo deste estudo de caso foi apresentar os achados das duas técnicas para estimar os limiares auditivos em uma criança de três meses de idade, com perda auditiva neurossensorial bilateral, diagnosticada utilizando-se como primeiro método de avaliação os Potenciais Evocados Auditivos de Tronco Encefálico com estímulo clique, tanto por via aérea como por via óssea. As duas técnicas mostraram-se eficientes para estimar os limiares auditivos, com uma vantagem dos PEAEE com relação ao tempo de duração de exame.It is recommended that congenital hearing loss is identified as early as three months old. After the initial step of confirming the diagnosis, it is necessary to obtain accurate hearing thresholds, allowing an adequate selection, indication and regulation of hearing aids for these children. It is inserted, in this context, the Frequency-Specific Auditory Brainstem Responses (FSABR and, more recently, the Auditory Steady-State Responses (ASSR. The aim of the present study was to describe the findings of the use of both techniques to estimate the auditory thresholds of a three-month-old infant with bilateral sensorineural hearing loss diagnosed using, as primary evaluation method, the click-evoked Auditory Brainstem Responses, with both air and bone stimuli conduction. Both techniques provided reliable findings for estimating auditory thresholds. The ASSR had an advantage regarding the duration of the evaluation.
Puram, Sidharth V.; Roberts, Daniel S.; Niesten, Marlien E F|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/377125202; Dilger, Amanda E.; Lee, Daniel J.
Objective: To determine whether adult cochlear implant (CI) users with superior canal dehiscence syndrome (SCDS) or asymptomatic superior semicircular canal dehiscence (SCD) have different surgical, vestibular, and audiologic outcomes when compared to CI users with normal temporal bone anatomy.
Doll, Robert; Veltink, Petrus H.; Buitenweg, Jan R.
Methods to obtain estimates of psychophysical functions are used in numerous fields, such as audiology, vision, and pain. Neurophysiological and psychological processes underlying this function are assumed to remain stationary throughout a psychophysical experiment. However, violation of this
Doll, Robert; Veltink, Petrus H.; Buitenweg, Jan R.
Methods to obtain estimates of psychophysical functions are used in numerous fields, such as audiology, vision, and pain. Neurophysiological and psychological processes underlying this function are assumed to remain stationary throughout a psychophysical experiment. However, violation of this
... the Office of General Counsel and be briefed by the Director, Audiology and Speech Pathology Service... Committee will be briefed by the Director of VA's Podiatric Services and the Office of Construction and...
... applicant and may include: Former employers, educational institutions, licensure and certification boards... (20 mins) 7 Psychology Privileges 30 1 0.17 (10 mins) 5 Audiology Privileges 7 1 0.08 (5 mins) 1...
The paper provides an overview of audiological terms and types of hearing impairments to help teachers of visually impaired preschoolers work more effectively with audiologists. Both functional auditory assessment and formal audiometric evaluations are discussed. (Author/CL)
National Inst. of Neurological Diseases and Stroke (NIH), Bethesda, MD.
Presented is an overview of hearing, speech and language research being sponsored by the National Institute of Neurological Diseases and Stroke (NINDS). Described is research in such areas as infant audiological screening, auditory prostheses, larynx surgery, and developmental dysphasia. (LS)
Kunst, S.J.W.; Leijendeckers, J.M.; Mylanus, E.A.M.; Hol, M.K.S.; Snik, A.F.M.; Cremers, C.W.R.J.
OBJECTIVE: To study the audiologic outcome of bone-anchored hearing aid (BAHA) application in patients with congenital unilateral conductive hearing impairment. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective audiometric evaluation on 20 patients. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: The experimental group
..., physical therapist assistants, occupational therapists, occupational therapy assistants, speech-language... provides rehabilitation, physical therapy, occupational therapy, audiology, or speech pathology services... to properly supervise and administer the services. (2) Physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech...
... Medicare and Medicaid Services, the Joint Commission, and other accrediting organizations require health... (20 mins) 7 Psychology Privileges 30 1 0.17 (10 mins) 5 Audiology Privileges 7 1 0.08 (5 mins) 1...
Kim, Kyoo Sang
In this article, current status of noise exposure in workplaces, trend of workers with noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL), and prevalence of NIHL in workers by industry and job category in Korea were reviewed. In addition, trends of research on the audiological effects such as hearing loss from noise and occupational hearing loss from non-noise in Korea were addressed through reports in industrial audiology. Though noise exposure level has improved, noise still shows the highest rate of cases ...
Emami, Seyede Faranak
The objective of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the possibility that the saccule may contribute to human hearing. The forty participants included twenty healthy people and twenty other subjects selected from patients who presented with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo to Audiology Department of Hazrat Rasoul Akram hospital (Tehran, Iran). Assessments comprised of audiological evaluations, cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (cVEMPs), recognition of spoken phonem...
Tranebjærg, Lisbeth; Rendtorff, Nanna Dahl; Brøndum-Nielsen, Karen
The genome in terms of audiology and ophthalmology The article briefly reviews the impact of genetics and genomics in audiology and ophthalmology, respectively. The discovery of an increasing number of genes associated with hearing and visual impairment creates a foundation for a better...... understanding of pathophysiology, eventually leading to novel and more individualized treatments. Furthermore, genetic evaluation and counselling can contribute to molecular diagnosis, better prognostication, and mode of inheritance. Next Generation Sequencing is a technology well suited to dissect the vast...
Ravn, Gert; Preves, David
Many documents describe standardized methods and standard equipment requirements in the field of audiology and hearing aids. These standards will ensure a uniform level and a high quality of both the methods and equipment used in audiological work. The standards create the basis for measuring performance in a reproducible manner and independent from how and when and by whom parameters have been measured. This article explains, and focuses on, relevant acoustic and electromagnetic compatibility parameters and describes several test systems available. PMID:27516709
Gan, Richard Wei Chern; Overton, Parisa; Benton, Claire; Daniel, Matija
ENT surgeons may refer children with otitis media with effusion (OME) to audiology for consideration of hearing aids. They are an option for the treatment of OME, but are only effective if the child actually wears them. Our study investigated what proportion of children referred for hearing aids actually receive them, and whether children use them. Retrospective study of children referred to audiology from November 2013 to August 2014, including 70 children referred by ENT for hearing aids for OME, plus a further 5 children with OME given hearing aids through direct access audiology service. During the study period, there were 202 referrals of children to audiology, of which 70 (34.7%) were for consideration of hearing aids for OME. Of these 70 referred children, 37 (52.9%) were not fitted with hearing aids due to normal audiometry (23), asymptomatic mild hearing loss (7), nonattendance (3), clinical decision to just monitor hearing (1), parental decline (2), and unrecorded reason (1). A total of 38 children (including direct access patients) were fitted with hearing aids for OME. Majority (36/38) of children issued aids used them, 16 all day, 7 only at school, 1 only at home, 3 only when needed, and 9 used them for an unspecified duration; 1 child's use of hearing aids was unrecorded, and 1 child refused to use it. 21 were fitted bilaterally and 17 unilaterally. 37 were behind the ear aids and 1 a BAHA softband. A third of referrals to paediatric audiology by ENT are for consideration of hearing aids for OME. Only about half of children referred to audiology for hearing aids for OME actually receive them, as by the time they see audiology the hearing loss has frequently resolved or is asymptomatic so that aiding is unwarranted. Once fitted, they appear to be well accepted. Hearing aids have fair utilization in children fitted with them for OME. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Obrebowski, Andrzej; Wiskirska-Woźnica, Bozena; Maciejewska, Barbara; Krzyzaniak, Andrzej; Gajewska, Marta
The complaint of dizziness can be caused by a variety of disorders affecting central or peripheral vestibular system. Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo BPPV is the most common cause of vertigo. It is a syndrom characterized by short-lasted episodes of true vertigo, induced by a rapid head position change and associated with a positional, transient nystagmus. It is classically identified by the Dix-Hallpike test. Vestibular and audiology function tests are usually normal. Patient is succesfully treated with physical maneuvres (Canalith Repositioning Procedure CRP). This raport presents eight patients (four are described in details) suffered from BPPV-PSC, hospitalized in the Department of Phoniatric and Audiology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences. Methods include laryngologic examination, audiology and vestibular tests, Dix-Hallpike'a maneuver. All patients presented characteristic history and results of performed diagnostic tests. The efficacy of physical maneuvers were confirmed. BPPV is usually easy to diagnose and physical maneuvers are very effective.
Pauw, R.J.; Huygen, P.L.M.; Collin, R.W.J.; Cruysberg, J.R.M.; Hoefsloot, L.H.; Kremer, H.; Cremers, C.W.R.J.
OBJECTIVES: This is a report of the audiological and vestibular characteristics of a Dutch DFNA9 family with a novel mutation, I109T, in the LCCL domain of COCH. METHODS: From the family with the novel I109T COCH mutation, audiometric data were collected and analyzed longitudinally. Results were
van der Hulst, R. J.; Dreschler, W. A.; Tange, R. A.
A transcutaneous bone-conduction hearing aid was implanted in 11 patients who were not suitable for transcranial sound amplification. Audiological and surgical selection criteria were followed strictly. One device had to be explanted and minor revision surgery was needed in two cases for skin
Christensen, Anders Tornvig
. From 2012 to 2015 he was employed at Aalborg University, pursuing a PhD degree in the field of otoacoustic emissions. Anders was a visiting research student at the National Center for Audiology, Western University, in Canada, the Fraunhofer Institute for Integrated Systems in Germany, and the Auditory...
Megan Ellis, BA Speech and Hearing Therapy. Department of Speech Pathology and Audiology, University .... Clicking. Musical television Music. Play gym. Music. Guitar with headphones. Music. Toy 3. Rattle. Clunking. Musical train. Music. Arch attached to pram. Music. Cellular phone. Dialling tone. & ringing. Toy 4. Radio.
Pauw, R.J.; Collin, R.W.J.; Huygen, P.L.M.; Hoefsloot, L.H.; Kremer, H.; Cremers, C.W.R.J.
The present study aims to report audiological and vestibular characteristics of a Dutch DFNA9 family with a novel mutation, G87W, in the LCCL domain of COCH. From the family with the novel G87W COCH mutation audiometric data were collected and analyzed longitudinally. Results were compared with
Occupational noise, smoking, and a high body mass index are risk factors for age-related hearing impairment and moderate alcohol consumption is protective: A European population-based multicenter study
Fransen, E.; Topsakal, V.; Hendrickx, J.J.
A multicenter study was set up to elucidate the environmental and medical risk factors contributing to age-related hearing impairment (ARHI). Nine subsamples, collected by nine audiological centers across Europe, added up to a total of 4,083 subjects between 53 and 67 years. Audiometric data (pur...
Full Text Available /American Academy of Otolaryngology Formula for Determination of Hearing Handicap. Audiology.1983; 22:313. 29. Newman, C. W., Weinstein, B. E., Jacobson, G. P. & Hug, G. A. The Hearing Handicap Inventory for Adults: Psychometric Adequacy and Audiometric...
Hendrickx, J.J.; Mudde, A.H.; Hart, L.M. 't; Huygen, P.L.M.; Cremers, C.W.R.J.
OBJECTIVE: To study the progression of hearing impairment (HI) and audiological features in patients with the mitochondrial A to G mutation in the tRNA(LEU(RUU)) gene at position 3,243 associated with maternally inherited diabetes and deafness. DESIGN: Retrospective phenotype genotype family study.
... PROVISION OF EARLY INTERVENTION AND SPECIAL EDUCATION SERVICES TO ELIGIBLE DOD DEPENDENTS Pt. 57, App. C... education and related services, and oversees an EDIS evaluation used in determining a child's need for... of gross motor and fine motor adaptive skills, psychological status, and visual and audiological...
Fisch, U.; Cremers, C.W.R.J.; Lenarz, T.; Weber, B.; Babighian, G.; Uziel, A.; Proops, D.W.; Connor, A.F. O'; Charachon, R.; Helms, J.; Fraysse, B.
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the full degree and range of benefits provided by the Vibrant Soundbridge (VSB; Symphonix Devices, Inc., San Jose, CA, U.S.A.) and analyze pre-and postoperative results of audiologic tests. STUDY DESIGN: Single-subject study with each subject serving as his or her own control.
Rabah M. Shawky
Jun 27, 2015 ... 2 ectodermal derivatives such as skin, hair, teeth and sweat glands [1,2]. ... number and function of sweat glands: hidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (Clouston .... normal. Audiological evaluation revealed normal hearing. IQ test was 69. .... nasal cilia with subsequent chronic infections, epistaxis, dys- phagia, and ...
130 Foreign Affairs 633 Physical Therapist 1222 Patent Attorney 131 International Relations 644 Medical Technologist 1301 General Physical Science...132 Intelligence 662 Optometrist 1306 Health Physics 150 Geography 665 Speech Pathology and Audiology 1310 Physics 170 History 680 Dental Officer...Pharmacology 807 Landscape Architect 1360 Oceanography 408 Ecology 808 Architecture 1370 Cartography 410 Zoology 810 Civil Engineering 1372 Geodesy 413
Physiotherapy , 63: 364-365. Fior, R. 1972 Physiological maturation of auditory function between 3 and 13 years of age. Audiology, 11: 317-321. Fowler...Circulatory and respiratory effects of whole-body vibration in anesthetized dogs. J. Appl. Physiol., 20: 1157-1162. Howell, R. W., and B. P. R. Hartley 1972
Jones, Barbara L.
Although the educational audiologist is a newcomer to the educational enviroment of hearing impaired children, he provides such essential services as adapting or modifying audiological tests and techniques traditionally used in clincial settings, thus more adequately defining and supplying acoustic needs. (Author/MC)
The variety of medical locations requiring sedation services includes radiology, dentistry, paediatric inpatient services, emergency departments and nuclear medicine.1 Added to this is the periodic need for sedation with diagnosis in allied medical professions such as optometry, audiology and physiotherapy. In paediatric ...
HANLEY, T.D.; STEER, M.D.
THIS REPORT DESCRIBES THE DESIGN OF A NEW CLINIC AND LABORATORY FOR SPEECH AND HEARING TO ACCOMMODATE THE THREE BASIC PROGRAMS OF--(1) CLINICAL TRAINING OF UNDERGRADUATE AND GRADUATE STUDENT MAJORS, (2) SERVICES MADE AVAILABLE TO THE SPEECH AND HEARING HANDICAPPED, AND (3) RESEARCH IN SPEECH PATHOLOGY, AUDIOLOGY, PSYCHO-ACOUSTICS, AND…
Department of Speech Pathology and Audiology. University of the Witwatersrand. As a result of the official racial integration of South Africa11 .schools ..... progressive word ending -ing, in the is ... ing construction, by increasing the use of the other verb phrase components, seemed to have been successful, in that group A ...
Franko, Debra L.
In this paper, I report the development of a mentoring program in a College of Health Sciences comprised of schools of nursing, pharmacy, and health professions (which include physical therapy, speech pathology and audiology, applied psychology, and physician assistant programs) at a large private university. Although university-wide mentoring…
The field of communication disorders encompasses the health science disciplines of both speech-language pathology and audiology. Pertinent literature for communication disorders can be found in a number of databases. Librarians providing information literacy instruction may not have the time to cover more than a few resources. This study develops…
de la Fuente, A.; McPherson, B.; Kramer, S.E.; Hormazabal, X.; Hickson, L.
Purpose: Self-report questionnaires have been suggested as valuable assessment tools in audiology, especially when investigating the effect of hearing impairment on the everyday lives of adults. Many self-report questionnaires have been developed for English-speaking populations; however, there is a
Occupational noise, smoking, and a high body mass index are risk factors for age-related hearing impairment and moderate alcohol consumption is protective: a European population-based multicenter study.
Fransen, E.; Topsakal, V.; Hendrickx, J.J.; Laer, L. van; Huyghe, J.R.; Eyken, E. van; Lemkens, N.; Hannula, S.; Maki-Torkko, E.; Jensen, M.; Demeester, K.; Tropitzsch, A.; Bonaconsa, A.; Mazzoli, M.; Espeso, A.; Verbruggen, K.; Huyghe, J.; Huygen, P.L.M.; Kunst, S.; Manninen, M.; Diaz-Lacava, A.; Steffens, M.; Wienker, T.F.; Pyykko, I.; Cremers, C.W.R.J.; Kremer, H.; Dhooge, I.; Stephens, D.; Orzan, E.; Pfister, M.; Bille, M.; Parving, A.; Sorri, M.; Heyning, P. van de; Camp, G. van
A multicenter study was set up to elucidate the environmental and medical risk factors contributing to age-related hearing impairment (ARHI). Nine subsamples, collected by nine audiological centers across Europe, added up to a total of 4,083 subjects between 53 and 67 years. Audiometric data
Baud, Hank, Ed.; Garrett, Jeff, Ed.
Presented are 14 papers delivered at the First Annual Spring Workshop for Professionals Serving Deaf Blind Children in the Mid-Atlantic Region (1974). Covered are the following topics regarding deaf blind children: adapted physical education, a summer day camp program, vocational and prevocational services, audiological and visual evaluations, a…
Savithri, S. R.
The study reviewed Sanskrit books written between 1500 BC and 1904 AD concerning diseases, speech pathology, and audiology. Details are provided of the ancient Indian system of disease classification, the classification of speech sounds, causes of speech disorders, and treatment of speech and language disorders. (DB)
Olsen, Steen Østergaard; Brännström, K Jonas
be obtained. DESIGN: Relevant literature regarding the ANL was found on Medline, Embase, and Google Scholar. Additional information was found as references in the included papers and through personal contacts, for instance when attending audiology conferences. STUDY SAMPLE: Forty-five papers published in peer...
Knutson, J F; Murray, K T; Husarek, S; Westerhouse, K; Woodworth, G; Gantz, B J; Tyler, R S
To determine the long-term psychological outcome of postlingually deafened adults who received multichannel cochlear implants and to relate the psychological outcome to audiological outcome. Thirty-seven recipients of multichannel cochlear implants who participated in a prospective clinical trial completed psychological assessments before implantation and at regularly scheduled follow-ups through 54 mo of implant use. Standardized measures of affect, social function, and personality were used, and scores on these measures were correlated with asymptotic scores on several audiological measures. Evidence of significant improvement on measures of loneliness, social anxiety, and distress were obtained within a year after implantation and throughout the duration of the follow-up period. For measures of assertiveness and marital satisfaction, improvement was apparent only after long-term implant use. Although favorable changes on the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) Depression Scale were evidenced only in the initial follow-up period, improvements on the MMPI Paranoia and Social Introversion Scales persisted throughout the 54 mo follow-up. Multichannel cochlear implant use is associated with long-term psychological benefit. Correlations between audiological outcome and psychological outcome, however, suggested that the relation between audiological benefit and psychological benefit is not simple.
has the potential to influence the process of neural organisation, reinforcing inappropriate neural pathways and placing the neonate at risk of auditory processing disorders and future ... J Neille, PhD; K George, BA (Speech and Hearing Therapy); K Khoza-Shangase, PhD. Department of Speech Pathology and Audiology, ...
Dreschler, W. A.; van der Hulst, R. J.; Tange, R. A.; Urbanus, N. A.
As a supplement to a previous paper [Dreschler et al.: Audiology 1985; 24:387-395] high-frequency (HF) audiometry was applied to compare the ototoxic effects of two different drug administration protocols for cis-platinum (CDDP). In both subgroups, HF audiometry considerably enhanced the early
Brown, Denice P.
Eight children (ages 13 days to 5 years) with a diagnosis of Cornelia de Lange syndrome received audiologic evaluation consisting of immittance audiometry and auditory brainstem response audiometry to air and bone conducted "click" stimuli, as behavioral testing was unreliable due to patient age and/or developmental delay. Developmental…
The bone-anchored hearing aid (Baha) was introduced in 1977 by Tjellström and colleagues and has now been used clinically for over 30 years. Generally, the outcomes are good, and several studies have shown improved audiological- and quality of life outcomes. The principle of the Baha is, that sound...
Severn, Michael S; Searchfield, Grant D; Huggard, Peter
This study aimed to investigate occupational stress amongst audiologists, along with quantification of their professional quality of life: Burnout, compassion fatigue, and compassion satisfaction. A cross-sectional postal survey research design using an audiology occupational stress questionnaire (AOSQ), and the professional quality of life (ProQOL) instrument. The sample consisted of members of the New Zealand Audiological Society. One hundred and forty-five questionnaires were mailed, 82 responses were received. The main findings suggest that six stress factors dominate clinical audiology: (1) time demand, (2) audiological management, (3) patient contact, (4) clinical protocol, (5) patient accountability, and (6) administration or equipment. A significant relationship was found between increasing age of the audiologist and risk of acquiring burnout (chi-square (1)=6.119, pburnout (r=0.463), while stress associated with patient contact was the strongest predictor of compassion fatigue (r=0.352). This study identifies sources of stress for clinical audiologists and different factors that contribute to professional quality of life.
Program (DENTCAP), Engineer Civic Action Program (ENCAP), and Veterinary Civic Action Program (VETCAP) to improve the social welfare and economic...affected areas. These seminars are designed to give practical advice on farming and veterinary techniques. The seminars also brought provincial and...consultations were provided to the populace covering general medical, optometry, orthopedics, audiology, vaccinations, general dentistry and
May 29, 2012 ... Abstract Background: Bacterial meningitis in the newborn is glob- ally renowned for high mortality. The associated morbidities also include audiologic, motor, visual and mental deficits. Objective: To highlight the peculi- arities in the current diagnostic and management strategies in newborn meningitis.
Based on these findings, it was recommended that elderly individuals should avoid exposure to noise, emotional stress, worry and unprescribed drugs; and should be encouraged to go for audiological tests at regular intervals. Keywords: Elderly listeners, hearing abilities, hearing loss, psychosocial reactions,tinnitus ...
Kroes, H.Y.; Van Zanten, B.G.A.; De Ru, S.A.; Boon, M.; Mancini, G.M.S.; van der Knaap, M.S.; Poll-The, B.; Lindhout, D.
Objective: To assess if hearing loss is a feature of Joubert syndrome (JBS), one of the ciliopathies and therefore possibly associated with hearing loss. Design: Retrospective case series. Setting: University Children's Hospital. Patients: Dutch patients with JBS. Main outcome measures: Audiological
Kroes, Hester Y.; van Zanten, Bert G. A.; de Ru, Sander A.; Boon, Maartje; Mancini, Grazia M. S.; van der Knaap, Marjo S.; Poll-The, Bwee Tien; Lindhout, Dick
Objective To assess if hearing loss is a feature of Joubert syndrome (JBS). one of the ciliopathies and therefore possibly associated with hearing loss Design: Retrospective case series. Setting University Children's Hospital Patients Dutch patients with JBS. Main outcome measures Audiological data.
Kroes, Hester Y.; Van Zanten, Bert G. A.; De Ru, Sander A.; Boon, Maartje; Mancini, Grazia M. S.; Van der Knaap, Marjo S.; Poll-The, Bwee Tien; Lindhout, Dick
Objective To assess if hearing loss is a feature of Joubert syndrome (JBS). one of the ciliopathies and therefore possibly associated with hearing loss Design: Retrospective case series. Setting University Children's Hospital Patients Dutch patients with JBS. Main outcome measures Audiological data.
Farmer, Stephen S.; And Others
The study attempted to determine whether monolingual English-speaking supervisors and bilingual-bicultural supervisors would provide markedly different supervision management to bilingual (English-Spanish) student clinicians in audiology/speech pathology. After viewing each of 10 video-tapes of Spanish language therapy sessions for 2 preschool…
Mostaert, Charlotte; Leysen, Heleen; Segers, Winibert
INTERCULTURALITY: APPLIED AND CRITICAL PERSPECTIVES INTERNATIONAL EPIC CONFERENCE – Antwerpen 15-16/10/2015 Charlotte Mostaert1 (presenting author) Heleen Leysen1 Winibert Segers2 1 Department of Speech-Language Therapy and Audiology, Thomas More (Antwerpen), Belgium 2 Unit Translation Technology, Campus Sint-Andries (Antwerpen), KU Leuven, Belgium LANGUAGE ANALYSIS IN COOPERATION WITH...
Background: Bacterial meningitis in the newborn is globally renowned for high mortality. The associated morbidities also include audiologic, motor, visual and mental deficits. Objective: To highlight the peculiarities in the current diagnostic and management strategies in newborn meningitis. Methods: Relevant literature on ...
Dun, C.A.J.; Faber, H.T.; Wolf, M.J. de; Cremers, C.W.R.J.; Hol, M.K.S.
In the past 30 years, a large amount of clinical and audiological research on bone conduction hearing devices has been performed. In this review, we give a brief history of the developments in indications, surgical techniques and sound processors with respect to implantable bone conduction devices
Snik, A.F.M.; Bosman, A.J.; Mylanus, E.A.M.; Cremers, C.W.R.J.
The BAHA (bone-anchored hearing aid) is a bone conduction hearing aid with percutaneous transmission of sound vibrations to the skull. The device has been thoroughly evaluated by various implant groups. These studies showed that, in audiological terms, the BAHA is superior to conventional bone
Stephens, D.; Kramer, S.E.
The objective of the study was to investigate the effects of a family history of hearing impairment on those people with the hearing impairment themselves. The subjects were 102 consecutive patients with a family history of hearing impairment, seen in an audiological rehabilitation clinic. Each was
GRAHMA, A. BRUCE, ED.
IN ORDER TO PROVIDE BOTH CLINICIAN AND INVESTIGATOR WITH A BETTER UNDERSTANDING OF THE PROBLEMS, CAUSES, IDENTIFICATION, AND HANDLING OF SENSORINEURAL HEARING LOSSES, THE HENRY FORD HOSPITAL INVITED INVESTIGATORS IN PSYCHOACOUSTICS, OTIOLOGY, OTONEUROLOGY, PHSIOLOGY, AND AUDIOLOGY TO SHARE THEIR RESEARCH AND CLINICAL FINDINGS. THE RESULTING 40…
... entering tertiary education, the School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences at the university launched an extensive intra- and cross-programme transformation project in 2004. The project afforded four undergraduate professional programmes, namely audiology, occupational therapy, physiotherapy and speech therapy, ...
Abulikemu, Yiming; Tang, Liang; Zhang, Jin
Large vestibular aqueduct syndrome (LVAS) is one of common non-syndromic hearing disorders. With the rapid development of medical imaging, audiology, molecular biology, genetics, cochlear implant surgery, we have made remarkable achievements in the diagnosis and treatment of large vestibular aqueduct syndrome. This article reviewed related researches of the large vestibular aqueduct syndrome.
Background: The use of air transportation has grown in the last century, escalating the noise exposure of families residing in close proximity to airports. The audiological effects need to be assessed to determine the impact of this increase on children and young adults living near to airports in South Africa. Method: Hearing ...
Zapata Rodriguez, Valentina; M. Harte, James; Jeong, Cheol-Ho
Verification that Hearing Aids (HA) have been fitted correctly in pre-lingual infants and hard-to-test adults is an important emerging application in technical audiology. These test subjects are unable to undergo reliable behavioral testing, so an objective method is required. Auditory steady-sta...
McClimens, Alex; Brennan, Siobhan; Hargreaves, Pauline
We undertook this project because we believed that hearing loss experienced by the target population was greater than the referral figures suggested. Therefore, we set up a trial service initiative designed to examine the efficacy of different referral routes into audiology services for adults with learning disability. This retrospective analysis…
Hickson, Louise; Meyer, Carly; Lovelock, Karen; Lampert, Michelle; Khan, Asad
To examine associations between audiological and non-audiological factors and successful hearing aid use in older adults. In a retrospective study, audiological factors, attitudinal beliefs (as derived from the health belief model), client demographics, psychological factors, and age-related factors were evaluated. Participants included 160 individuals, 60 years or older, with unilateral or bilateral hearing impairment (HI), fitted with hearing aids for the first time in the previous two years. Participants were assigned to either an unsuccessful hearing aid owner group (n=75) or a successful hearing aid owner group (n=85) based on their self-reported hearing aid use and benefit. A multivariate, binomial logistic regression model indicated five factors associated with group membership: participants who had greater support from significant others; more difficulties with hearing and communication in everyday life before getting hearing aids; more positive attitudes to hearing aids; coupled with greater perceived self-efficacy for advanced handling of hearing aids; or who were receiving more gain from their devices; were more likely to be successful hearing aid owners. These findings highlight the importance of addressing non-audiological factors in order to assist older adults achieve success with hearing aids.
J. Meuwese-Jongejeugd (Anneke)
textabstractIn this thesis, the results are presented of an epidemiological study of hearing impairment in adults with an intellectual disability (ID), as well as the results of a study on the implementation of an audiological rehabilitation protocol in centres for persons with an ID. It is
Linnebjerg, Linda Busk; Wetke, Randi
A 67 year-old man was known to have a right-sided hearing loss with a normal discrimination score (DS) and was treated with a hearing aid (HA) in the right ear. An MRI-scan was normal. In 2006 and 2010 the HA was renewed at a private hearing aid clinic. No DS was performed. At the audiology clini...
... physical or mental and corporal punishment. To meet the requirements at Sec. 482.24(b)(2), the Joint... rehabilitation, physical therapy, occupational therapy, audiology, or speech pathology services, the services are... the admission physical examination. To meet the requirements at Sec. 482.61(c)(1)(ii), the Joint...
Academic service learning is a pedagogical model that intentionally integrates academic learning and relevant community service. This paper describes the rationale and theoretical framework for an academic service learning module taught within the discipline of Speech Pathology and Audiology at the University of the ...
...: Physical Therapy, Occupational Therapy, Speech-Language Pathology, and Audiology: M.S. and D.P.T. (q..., social work, marriage and family therapy, chiropractic medicine, environmental health and engineering, an.... and R.H.I.A. (w) Certified Professional Coder: AAPC or AHIMA. (x) Respiratory Therapy. (y...
Care Providers Audiology Clinical Psychology Occupational Therapy Optometry Pharmacy Physical Therapy Physician Assistant Podiatry Social...0 0.00 1876 Dietetics 8 1.45 1 0.18 1880 Optometry 39 7.05 2 0.36 1887 Pharmacy 30 5.42 0 0.00 1892 Podiatry 4 0.72 0 0.00 1893 Physician
no family history of anaemia or consanguinity. Her motor milestones were normal but she had never acquired meaningful speech, being able only to babble. She was well nourished, pale without jaundice and there were no dysmorphic features. She was profoundly deaf. Audiological assessment confirmed severe bilateral.
... audiologic screening techniques; (ii) Determination of the range, nature, and degree of hearing loss and...) Provision of auditory training, aural rehabilitation, speech reading and listening device orientation and... Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF SPECIAL EDUCATION...
Gussenhoven, A.H.M.; Singh, A.S.; Goverts, S.T.; van Til, M.; Anema, J.R.; Kramer, S.E.
A multidisciplinary vocational rehabilitation programme, the Vocational Enablement Protocol (VEP) was developed to address the specific needs of employees with hearing difficulties. In the current study we evaluated the process of implementing the VEP in audiologic care among employees with hearing
Key thinkers within Deaf Studies (e.g., Lane 1992 and Ladd 2003) have utilized the work of Michel Foucault on biopower in order to critically examine the ways in which the Hearing community oppresses the Deaf community through medical, audiological, social service, and educational institutions. In this article I argue that biopower is not just…
commercial items. Reviewed: KEVIN T. MASON LTC, MC, MFS Director, Aircrew Protection Division Released for publication: RivZPeaX W•!• a, Ph.D. DAVID H. KARNEY...masking. Scandinavian audiology. 11: 15-22. Patterson, J. H., Jr., Carrier, M., Jr., Bordwell , K., Lomba Gautier, I. M., Hamernik, R. P., Ahroon, W. A
Wium, A. M.; Pitout, H.; Human, A.; du Toit, P. H.
Three lecturers respectively in Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology, Occupational Therapy and Physiotherapy (SLPA, OT and PT) at a public Higher Education Institution in South Africa collaborated to determine thinking preferences. The Herrmann Brain Dominance Instrument (HBDI®) was used to collect data from three lecturers while an adapted…
Jonosky, J. Vol 4, No 4 (2010) - Articles Protocols for early audiology intervention services: Views from early intervention practitioners in a developing country. Abstract PDF. ISSN: 1999-7671. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More about AJOL · AJOL's ...
Barratt, J. Vol 4, No 2 (2010) - Articles Recorded incidence and management of dysphagia in an outpatient paediatric neurodevelopmental clinic. Abstract PDF · Vol 4, No 4 (2010) - Articles Protocols for early audiology intervention services: Views from early intervention practitioners in a developing country. Abstract PDF.
Presented are proceedings of a conference involving authorities in testing and evaluating the blind, deaf, and deaf-blind. In a paper titled "Psychological Implications of Assessing the Deaf", C. Goetzinger discusses references used in audiology, anatomy and physiology of the ear, degrees of hearing impairment, and implications of the various…
alert animal. Two animals are being developed for this purpose - the Mongolian gerbil and the Kangaroo rat ( Dipodomys ). The selection of these...uivCasfcto UNCLASSIFIED Security Classification 14 KEY WORDS LINK A LINK B LINK C ROLE WT ROLEI W ’ ROLE I T Auditory Thresholds Audiology Transducer
Full Text Available Background: Hearing loss is a prevalent and significant disability that impairs functional development and educational attainment of school children in developing countries. Lack of a simple and practical screening protocol often deters routine and systematic hearing screening at school entry. Aim: To identify predictors of hearing loss for a practical screening model in school-aged children. Settings and Design: Community-based, retrospective case-control study of school entrants in an inner city. Methods: Results from the audiologic and non-audiologic examination of 50 hearing impaired children in randomly selected mainstream schools were compared with those of a control group of 150 normal hearing children, matched for age and sex from the same population. The non-audiologic evaluation consisted of medical history, general physical examination, anthropometry, motor skills, intelligence and visual acuity while the audiologic assessment consisted of otoscopy, audiometry and tympanometry. Statistical Analysis: Multiple logistic regression analysis of significant variables derived from univariate analysis incorporating student t-test and chi-square. Results: Besides parental literacy (OR:0.3; 95% CI:0.16-0.68, non-audiologic variables showed no association with hearing loss. In contrast, most audiologic indicators, enlarged nasal turbinate (OR:3.3; 95% CI:0.98-11.31, debris or foreign bodies in the ear canal (OR:5.4; 95% CI:1.0-36.03, impacted cerumen (OR:6.2; 95% CI:2.12-14.33, dull tympanic membrane (OR:2.2; 95% CI:1.10-4.46, perforated ear drum (OR:24.3; 95% CI:2.93-1100.17 and otitis media with effusion OME (OR:14.2; 95% CI:6.22-33.09, were associated with hearing loss. However, only parental literacy (OR:0.3; 95% CI:0.16-0.69, impacted cerumen (OR:4.0; 95% CI:1.66-9.43 and OME (OR:11.0; 95% CI:4.74-25.62 emerged as predictors. Conclusion: Selective screening based on the identification of impacted cerumen and OME will facilitate the
Tatiana Marques Guerra
Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Traçar o perfil audiológico dos idosos atendidos em uma clínica escola da cidade de Belo Horizonte. MÉTODOS: Foram analisados todos os prontuários de pacientes que realizaram avaliação audiológica no período de Abril de 2004 a Agosto de 2007 em um Centro Clínico de Fonoaudiologia da cidade de Belo Horizonte. RESULTADOS: Foram analisados 313 exames audiológicos de pacientes acima de 60 anos de idade. Os resultados das avaliações audiológicas quanto ao tipo da perda auditiva foram: limiares auditivos dentro dos padrões de normalidade - 22,28%; perda auditiva neurossensorial - 60,62%; perda auditiva mista - 14,70%, perda auditiva condutiva - 2,40%. O grau variou de normal a profundo. Quanto à timpanometria, prevaleceu com 83,22% a curva tipo A, sendo que os demais tipos de curvas obtiveram um total de 16,3%. A porcentagem dos indivíduos que não realizou o exame foi de 0,48%. Dos pacientes que apresentaram perda auditiva foram unilaterais 1,76% e 98,24% bilaterais. CONCLUSÕES: Foi constatada uma maior prevalência de perda auditiva do tipo neurossensorial, sendo que o grau de perda variou de leve a profundo, com maior prevalência do grau moderado.AIM: to analyze the audiological profile of elderly patients seen in a clinic from an audiology school clinic in the city of Belo Horizonte. METHODS: we studied all the charts from the patients who underwent audiologic assessment from April of 2004 and August of 2007 in an audiology clinic in the city of Belo Horizonte. RESULTS: We studied the 313 audiological tests from patients 60 years of age or over. The results from the audiological evaluations as to the type of hearing loss were: auditory thresholds within normal standards - 22.28%; sensorineural hearing loss - 60.62%; mixed hearing loss - 14.70%, conductive hearing loss - 2.40%. The level varied between normal and profound. As to the tympanometry, 83.22% had the type A curve, and the other types of curves obtained made
Ma, Jing; Wan, Lang; Xu, Fen
To explore the audiological features in children who were sever sensorineural hearing loss infected with rubella virus. There were two cases of rubella virus infection in children who were deaf, they conducted the distortion product otoacoustic emission, ABR and auditory steady-state evoked response (ASSR) examination, then analyzed the results comprehensively. Two patients' mothers were prompted to have infected rubella virus during the early three months pregnant period by history and laboratory tests. The two patients were not detected deafness gene mutation. Audiology results implied the two patients were very severe binaural sensorineural deafness, so they were recommended to equipped with hearing aids and cochlear implant surgery. Early pregnancy women infected with rubella virus can cause very severe offspring sensorineural deafness. The crowd whose mother were suspected to infect with rubella virus in early pregnancy, that should be tracked and detected hearing in order to achieve early detection, early intervention and early treatment.
Full Text Available Hearing impairment is recognised for its prominence among the chronic conditions of ageing, being more prevalent in Australia than all other national health priorities except musculo-skeletal conditions (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2004. However despite its prevalence, there have been fewer epidemiological studies of hearing impairment than for other chronic diseases and disorders. Epidemiological data based on audiological evaluations are scant and a rigorously defined burden of illness for hearing impairment at a population or community level using both audiological and self-report types of estimate is still only available from a few studies world-wide (Gates et al., 1990; Davis, 1995; Wilson et al., 1998; Cruikshanks et al., 1998. Longitudinal studies are particularly valuable in providing information about patterns of ageing, about cohort differences in age-related physical, sensory and psychological functioning and for the services which an ageing population might require...
Alsanosi, A A
To report a rare case of simultaneous bilateral cochlear implantation in a five-month-old child with Usher syndrome. Case report. A five-month-old boy with Usher syndrome and congenital profound bilateral deafness underwent simultaneous bilateral cochlear implantation. The decision to perform implantation in such a young child was based on his having a supportive family and the desire to foster his audiological development before his vision deteriorated. The subject experienced easily resolvable intra- and post-operative adverse events, and was first fitted with an externally worn audio processor four weeks after implantation. At 14 months of age, his audiological development was age-appropriate. Simultaneous bilateral cochlear implantation is possible, and even advisable, in children as young as five months old when performed by an experienced implantation team.
de España, R; Biurrun, O; Lorente, J; Traserra, J
The results of the audiological evaluation of 47 diabetics are presented. The patients were divided into two groups: A (17/47), type I early diabetics, and B (30/47), type I chronic diabetics. The evaluation included puretone audiometry, high-frequency audiometry and auditory brainstem response. There was a control group consisting of 30 healthy subjects. In group 1 the audiological assessment was normal in all cases. In group 2 hearing loss was found in 30% of cases (9/30). Hearing loss was significantly correlated with age (p = 0.0019) and duration of diabetes (p = 0.0143), but not with diabetic microangiopathy (p = 0.1506). The authors conclude that hearing loss is not a usual feature in diabetic patients. When present, hearing loss should be attributed to the effect of diabetes on the age-related physiological impairment of the inner ear. The pathogenic mechanisms remain obscure.
Full Text Available Introduction: Noonan syndrome (NS is a heterogeneous genetic disease that affects many parts of the body. It was named after Dr. Jacqueline Anne Noonan, a paediatric cardiologist.Case Report: We report audiological tests and auditory brainstem response (ABR findings in a 5-year old Malay boy with NS. Despite showing the marked signs of NS, the child could only produce a few meaningful words. Audiological tests found him to have bilateral mild conductive hearing loss at low frequencies. In ABR testing, despite having good waveform morphology, the results were atypical. Absolute latency of wave V was normal but interpeak latencies of wave’s I-V, I-II, II-III were prolonged. Interestingly, interpeak latency of waves III-V was abnormally shorter.Conclusion:Abnormal ABR results are possibly due to abnormal anatomical condition of brainstem and might contribute to speech delay.
Diefendorf, A O; Bull, M J; Casey-Harvey, D; Miyamoto, R T; Pope, M L; Renshaw, J J; Schreiner, R L; Wagner-Escobar, M
Trisomy 21, a genetic disorder resulting from a chromosomal abnormality, is one of the most common forms of mental disability in the United States. Individuals with Down syndrome frequently present with a constellation of medical problems including conductive hearing loss and, to a lesser degree, sensorineural hearing loss. As part of a health care team, audiologists must be sensitive to and aware of medical conditions prior to establishing intervention strategies. Medical conditions, by necessity, precede audiologic interventions and, therefore, a close working relationship among team members is critical. Yet, audiologic and communication interventions should be established at the earliest possible time for maximizing an individual's development potential. This article stresses the importance of a multidisciplinary team in the provision of services so that prevention of further disabilities, improved outcomes of medical interventions, and appropriate habilitative and educational planning may ensue.
Pichora-Fuller, M Kathleen
The purpose of this article is to consider the implications of age-related cognitive decline for hearing health care. Recent research and current thinking about age-related declines in cognition and the links between auditory and cognitive aging are reviewed briefly. Implications of this research for improving prevention, assessment, and intervention in audiologic practice and for enhancing interprofessional teamwork are highlighted. Given the important connection between auditory and cognitive aging and given the high prevalence of both hearing and cognitive impairments in the oldest older adults, health care services could be improved by taking into account how both the ear and the brain change over the life span. By incorporating cognitive factors into audiologic prevention, assessment, and intervention, hearing health care can contribute to better hearing and communication as well as to healthy aging.
Hindhede, Anette Lykke
Focusing on the largest and, arguably, the least visible disability group, the hearing impaired, this paper explores present-day views and understandings of hearing impairment and rehabilitation in a Danish context, with particular focus on working-age adults with late onset of hearing impairment....... The paper shows how recent changes in perception of the hearing impaired patient relate to the introduction of a new health care reform that turns audiological rehabilitation into a consumer issue. Ethnographic and interview data from hearing clinics provides evidence that the hearing technologies...... that are on offer stabilise in specific forms through processes of negotiation among a variety of social actors representing the interests of science, industry, government, and hearing-impaired people. The discussion critically considers the emergence of an ‘‘informed consumer’’ in audiological practices....
Lu, Yuan; Cao, Keli
The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical features of cochlear reimplantation. To review our experience of cochlear reimplant surgery. Retrospective analysis of all 25 cochlear reimplant surgeries between 2002 and 2012. Causes of revision operations, number of electrode channels inserted, surgical findings and postoperative speech performances were analyzed. Causes of reimplantation were eight hard failures; eight poor implanted electrodes position, four poor outcome, three skin flap infection lead to implant device exposure, one postoperative symptoms of facial nerve stimulation, one postoperative temporal bone lesions. All cochlear reimplantations were successfully performed in our hospital, audiologic performances were stable or improved following reimplantation in most of cases. Cochlear implant surgeons should have a good knowledge of how to diagnose cochlear implant failures and how to deal with medical complications related to cochlear implantation. Medical and audiologic outcomes are generally excellent. Cochlear reimplantation appears to be a safe and effective.
Hamacher, V.; Chalupper, J.; Eggers, J.; Fischer, E.; Kornagel, U.; Puder, H.; Rass, U.
The development of hearing aids incorporates two aspects, namely, the audiological and the technical point of view. The former focuses on items like the recruitment phenomenon, the speech intelligibility of hearing-impaired persons, or just on the question of hearing comfort. Concerning these subjects, different algorithms intending to improve the hearing ability are presented in this paper. These are automatic gain controls, directional microphones, and noise reduction algorithms. Besides the audiological point of view, there are several purely technical problems which have to be solved. An important one is the acoustic feedback. Another instance is the proper automatic control of all hearing aid components by means of a classification unit. In addition to an overview of state-of-the-art algorithms, this paper focuses on future trends.
Full Text Available The development of hearing aids incorporates two aspects, namely, the audiological and the technical point of view. The former focuses on items like the recruitment phenomenon, the speech intelligibility of hearing-impaired persons, or just on the question of hearing comfort. Concerning these subjects, different algorithms intending to improve the hearing ability are presented in this paper. These are automatic gain controls, directional microphones, and noise reduction algorithms. Besides the audiological point of view, there are several purely technical problems which have to be solved. An important one is the acoustic feedback. Another instance is the proper automatic control of all hearing aid components by means of a classification unit. In addition to an overview of state-of-the-art algorithms, this paper focuses on future trends.
Armitage, I M; Burke, J. P.; Buffin, J T
The frequency of reversible and irreversible visual impairment was determined in children with severe and profound sensorineural deafness, as subnormal vision can adversely affect their educational and social development. Eighty three of 87 such children attending an audiology service were examined to assess the incidence and severity of visual impairment. Each child underwent a detailed ophthalmic assessment. The criteria for visual impairment were visual acuity < 6/9 Snellen or equivalent a...
Rosing, Susanne Nemholt; Kapandais, Anestis; Schmidt, Jesper Hvass
designed for adult audiological rehabilitation. Counselling, including explanations and discussion of coping strategies was the most commonly reported intervention. Intervention methods corresponding with guidelines for tinnitus management in adults were used in 11 cases (15.9%). CONCLUSION: Overall only...... the epidemiological data proposes. Referral pathways indicate a general uncertainty about which services provide acquire sufficient intervention. This study indicates that clinicians working at tinnitus services for adults (CEAs) collectively have the skills to help older children, and that a service development...
Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether there is any relationship between otological as well as vestibular symptoms, audiological findings and type of temporomandibular disorder (articular, muscular and mixed; and to check the distribution of the temporomandibular disorders (TMD dysfunction degree in the research population. METHODS: A retrospective study involving 30 patients of both sexes, aged between 18 and 49 years old, diagnosed with TMD and dentofacial deformities, who were subject to clinical evaluation (muscle palpation, auscultation of temporomandibular joint during mandibular motion and measurement of jaw movement, audiological testing (pure tone audiometry and immittance testing and two questionnaires, one on otological and vestibular symptoms and the other on TMD anamnesis. Based on both the anamnesis questionnaire and the clinical assessment, the subjects were divided according to the type and degree of TMD dysfunction (mild, moderate and severe, and compared regarding the occurrence of auditory signs and symptoms, vestibular symptoms and audiological findings according to TMD type. RESULTS: The anamnesis questionnaire demonstrated higher prevalence (83.33% of severe TMD. Subjects with mixed TMD had more complaints about hypoacusis than those with muscular TMD (p < 0.05. The results showed no change in either audiological and immittance testing for all assessed individuals. CONCLUSION: Otological symptoms are present in subjects with TMD and dentofacial deformities, regardless of the classification of TMD (articular, muscular or mixed. Those with mixed TMD may have higher incidence of complaints about hypoacusis than subjects with muscular TMD. Further studies are needed to investigate the relationship between otological symptoms and the different types of TMD.
In this research as a first step we have concentrated on collecting non-intra cortical EEG data of Brainstem Speech Evoked Potentials from human subjects in an Audiology Lab in University of Ottawa. The problems we have considered are the most advanced and most essential problems of interest in Auditory Neural Signal Processing area in the world: The first problem is the Voice Activity Detection (VAD) in Speech Auditory Brainstem Responses (ABR); The second problem is to identify the best De-...
Treuer, Harald (ed.) [Koeln Univ. (Germany). Klinik fuer Stereotaxie und Funktionelle Neurochirurgie
The proceedings of the medical physics conference 2013 include abstract of lectures and poster sessions concerning the following issues: Tele-therapy - application systems, nuclear medicine and molecular imaging, neuromodulation, hearing and technical support, basic dosimetry, NMR imaging -CEST (chemical exchange saturation transfer), medical robotics, magnetic particle imaging, audiology, radiation protection, phase contrast - innovative concepts, particle therapy, brachytherapy, computerized tomography, quantity assurance, hybrid imaging techniques, diffusion and lung NMR imaging, image processing - visualization, cardiac and abdominal NMR imaging.
Elias K.M.I. da F.; dos Santos M.F.C.; Ciasca S.M.; de Moura-Ribeiro M.V.L.
Background: cerebrovascular disease (CVD) during childhood is a rare condition; its short medium and long-term characteristics deserve further investigation. The application of behavioral techniques may improve clinical characterization, thus rendering more efficient therapeutic and control. Aim: to describe the audiological manifestations in a child with CVD in two distinct moments of clinical follow-up. Method: the child, with a confirmed diagnosis of a single and unilateral episode of CVD,...
Elias, Karla Maria Ibrahim da Freiria; Santos, Maria Francisca Colella Dos; Ciasca, Sylvia Maria; Moura-Ribeiro, Maria Valeriana Leme de
cerebrovascular disease (CVD) during childhood is a rare condition; its short, medium and long-term characteristics deserve further investigation. The application of behavioral techniques may improve clinical characterization, thus rendering more efficient therapeutic planning and control. to describe the audiological manifestations in a child with CVD in two distinct moments of clinical follow-up. the child, with a confirmed diagnosis of a single and unilateral episode of CVD, presenting sat...
medical care when a VA facility is unable to provide certain specialty care services, such as cardiology or orthopedics, or when a veteran would have...needing treatment in several specialties—including audiology, cardiology , and ophthalmology—were referred to non-VA providers for this reason...Government Accountability Office, the audit, evaluation, and investigative arm of Congress , exists to support Congress in meeting its constitutional
Kowalska, Sylwia; Konopka, Wiesław; Słomińska, Renata; Olszewski, Jurek
The aim of this work was to assess the value of impedance audiometry in the differential diagnostics of hearing disorders, especially in patients suffering from tinnitus. The analysis dealt with results of the audiological tests in 198 patients (116 female and 82 male), hospitalised in 2007 due to their hearing deterioration, tinnitus or sudden deafness. The conducted audiological tests covered threshold and suprathreshold pure tone audiometry, speech audiometry, BERA and impedance audiometry. RESULTS OF THE STUDIES: Women (58.5%) and people over 50 years old (58.6%) constituted the majority of the patients. In 166 (83.8%) patients the conducted tests via impedance audiometry did not prove any deviations from the normal condition, the lesions referred to both ears in 32 (16.9%) patients and one ear in 17 (8.5%) patients. An incorrect tympanogram was found in 23 people, including type As in 11, type Ad in 2, type B in 4 and type C in 6 subjects. Low values of acoustic receptivity of the middle ear were noted in 20 ears, whereas high values in 11 ears. In 3 ears we found low values of the gradient (below 0.3), high values--in 11 ears. The middle ear pressure between -170 and -350 daPa was noticed in 20 ears, and positive values, above +50 daPa up to +75 daPa, in 3 ears. Disorders in the stapedial reflex registration were observed in 38 (19.1%) patients. The assessment of the conducted subjective and objective audiological examinations allowed to recognise bilateral perceptive hearing injuries in 139 patients, including 49 (25.9%) of cochlear origin with OWG, in further 70 patients the hearing loss referred to higher frequencies and was rather slight. The own experiences indicated that the impedance audiometry constitutes the integral part of contemporary audiological diagnostics and still remains an objective method facilitating quick, non-invasive evaluation of the functions of particular elements in the middle ear.
Rakhi Kumari; Priyanko Chakraborty; Jain, R K; Dhananjay Kumar
Background: Early detection of hearing loss has been a long-standing priority in the field of audiology. Currently available auditory testing methods include both behavioural and non-behavioural or objective tests of hearing. This study was planned with an objective to assess hearing loss in children using behavioural observation audiometry and brain stem evoked response audiometry. Methods: A total of 105 cases suffering from severe to profound hearing loss were registered. After proper h...
Vinish Agarwal; Saurabh Varshney; Sampan Singh Bist; Sanjiv Bhagat; Sarita Mishra; Vivek Jha
Auditory neuropathy (AN)/auditory dyssynchrony (AD) is a very often missed diagnosis, hence an underdiagnosed condition in clinical practice. Auditory neuropathy is a condition in which patients, on audiologic evaluation, are found to have normal outer hair cell function and abnormal neural function at the level of the eighth nerve. These patients, on clinical testing, are found to have normal otoacoustic emissions, whereas auditory brainstem response audiometry reveals the absence of neural ...
Demopoulos, Carly; Lewine, Jeffrey David
Rates of hearing impairment in individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are higher than those reported in the general population. Although ASD is not caused by hearing impairment, it may exacerbate symptomatology. Participants with ASD (N = 60) and typically developing peers (N = 16) aged 5-18 years underwent a comprehensive audiological screening (pure tone audiometry, uncomfortable loudness level, tympanometry, acoustic reflexes, distortion product otoacoustic emissions, and auditory brainstem response) and assessment of communication abilities (expressive/receptive language, articulation, phonological awareness, and vocal affect recognition). Incidence of abnormal findings on at least one measure of audiological functioning was higher for the ASD group (55%) than controls (14.9%) or the general population estimate (6%). The presence of sound sensitivity was also considerably higher for the ASD group (37%) compared with controls (0%) or general population estimates (8-15%). When participants with ASD were dichotomized into groups with and without evidence of clinical audiological abnormality, no significant differences were identified on measures of communication; however, results of correlational analyses indicated that variability in hearing thresholds at middle range frequencies (2000 Hz) was significantly related to performance on all measures of speech articulation and language after correction for multiple comparisons (r = -0.48 to r = -0.53, P < 0.0045). These findings suggest that dichotomized classification of clinical audiology may not be sufficient to understand the role of subclinical hearing loss in ASD symptomatology and that treatment studies for mild/subclinical hearing loss in this population may be worthwhile. © 2015 International Society for Autism Research, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Fagan, Johan J; Jacobs, Marian
Burden of disease (BOD) is greatest in resource-starved regions such as Africa. Even though hearing disability ranks third on the list of non-fatal disabling conditions in low- and middle-income countries, ear, nose, and throat (ENT) disorders are not specifically coded for within the framework governing global BOD estimates, and in discussions about health challenges, non-communicable diseases receive scant attention. Implementing cost-effective interventions to address conditions largely neglected by global estimates of BOD such as hearing loss are important contributors to health and economic development. Establish a database of ENT, audiology, and speech therapy services in Sub-Saharan Africa; create awareness about the status of these services; propose effective intervention; gather data to lobby African governments, donor countries, and aid organizations; determine need for Developing World Forum for ENT, Audiology, and Speech Therapy services. Survey of ENT, audiology, and speech therapy services and training in 18 Sub-Saharan Africa countries. There is an alarming paucity of services and training opportunities, and there is a large gap between higher technology, expensive health care in high-income countries and lower technology, low-cost practice in low-income countries. Lower technology and lower cost Developing World medical practice should be recognized and fostered as a field of medical practice, teaching, and research. Developing World centers of excellence must be fostered to take a lead in teaching, training, and research. A Developing World Forum for ENT Surgery, Audiology, and Speech Therapy, directed and driven by Africa and the Developing World, supported by the First World, should be established, to develop a comprehensive intervention to turn around the severe shortage of services and expertise in the Developing World. Global health policies and practices should include new norms and standards which serve the interests of the global community
Stangerup, Sven-Eric; Caye-Thomasen, P.; Tos, M.
Aim: To evaluate hearing changes during 'wait and scan' management of patients with vestibular schwannoma. Subjects: Over a 10-year period, 636 patients have prospectively been allocated to 'wait and scan' management, with annual magnetic resonance scanning and audiological examination. Results...... surgery and of radiation therapy with those of 'wait and scan' management, it appears that, in vestibular schwannoma patients with a small tumour and normal speech discrimination, the main indication for active treatment should be established tumour growth Udgivelsesdato: 2008/7...
Tranebjærg, Lisbeth; Rendtorff, Nanna Dahl; Brøndum-Nielsen, Karen
The article briefly reviews the impact of genetics and genomics in audiology and ophthalmology, respectively. The discovery of an increasing number of genes associated with hearing and visual impairment creates a foundation for a better understanding of pathophysiology, eventually leading to novel...... and more individualized treatments. Furthermore, genetic evaluation and counselling can contribute to molecular diagnosis, better prognostication, and mode of inheritance. Next generation sequencing is a technology well suited to dissect the vast genetic heterogeneity in these conditions....
Alvarenga, Kátia de Freitas
Full Text Available Introduction: The effects of lead on children's health have been widely studied. Aim: To analyze the correlation between the long latency auditory evoked potential N2 and cognitive P3 with the level of lead poisoning in Brazilian children. Methods: This retrospective study evaluated 20 children ranging in age from 7 to 14 years at the time of audiological and electrophysiological evaluations. We performed periodic surveys of the lead concentration in the blood and basic audiological evaluations. Furthermore, we studied the auditory evoked potential long latency N2 and cognitive P3 by analyzing the absolute latency of the N2 and P3 potentials and the P3 amplitude recorded at Cz. At the time of audiological and electrophysiological evaluations, the average concentration of lead in the blood was less than 10 ug/dL. Results: In conventional audiologic evaluations, all children had hearing thresholds below 20 dBHL for the frequencies tested and normal tympanometry findings; the auditory evoked potential long latency N2 and cognitive P3 were present in 95% of children. No significant correlations were found between the blood lead concentration and latency (p = 0.821 or amplitude (p = 0.411 of the P3 potential. However, the latency of the N2 potential increased with the concentration of lead in the blood, with a significant correlation (p = 0.030. Conclusion: Among Brazilian children with low lead exposure, a significant correlation was found between blood lead levels and the average latency of the auditory evoked potential long latency N2; however, a significant correlation was not observed for the amplitude and latency of the cognitive potential P3.
Nadia Vilela; Tatiane Faria Barrozo; Luciana de Oliveira Pagan-Neves; Seisse Gabriela Gandolfi Sanches; Haydée Fiszbein Wertzner; Renata Mota Mamede Carvallo
OBJECTIVE: To identify a cutoff value based on the Percentage of Consonants Correct-Revised index that could indicate the likelihood of a child with a speech-sound disorder also having a (central) auditory processing disorder . METHODS: Language, audiological and (central) auditory processing evaluations were administered. The participants were 27 subjects with speech-sound disorders aged 7 to 10 years and 11 months who were divided into two different groups according to their (central) audi...
Tamarozzi De Oliveira K.; De Moura-Ribeiro M.V.L.; Ciasca S.M.
We describe ten children, aging 5 years and 1 month until 5 years and 11 months, when the phonoaudiological assessment was conducted. They are divided according to cerebrovascular disease, in CVD group (CVD-G) and control group (cG). Children were seen and CVD was confirmed in the acute phase at UNICAMP hospital. Audiologic assessment, protocol for Infant language assessment, and Peabody picture vocabulary test were used in the evaluations. The qualitative analysis of the subjects from a phon...
Oliveira, Karina Tamarozzi de; Moura-Ribeiro, Maria Valeriana L de; Ciasca, Sylvia Maria
We describe ten children, aging 5 years and 1 month until 5 years and 11 months, when the phonoaudiological assessment was conducted. They are divided according to cerebrovascular disease, in CVD group (CVD-G) and control group (cG). Children were seen and CVD was confirmed in the acute phase at UNICAMP hospital. Audiologic assessment, protocol for Infant language assessment, and Peabody picture vocabulary test were used in the evaluations. The qualitative analysis of the subjects from a phon...
Thorsen, Anne; Devantier, Louise; Ovesen, Therese
INTRODUCTION: Hearing loss affects 1.5 of newborns in Denmark. New research estimates that genetic factors account for 60% of hearing loss present at birth or in early childhood. The growing knowledge of the genetic causes of hearing loss provides new potential in the diagnostic process, either......, audiologic testing was implemented in Denmark in 2004. In future, screening for hearing loss would benefit from the addition of molecular genetic testing to detect late-onset hearing loss. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Apr-20...
Boboshko, M Iu; Efimova, M V; Savenko, I V
This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of tanakan used to treat tympanophonia in elderly women. The entire spectrum of modern audiological technique was employed to examine the patients. It was shown that tanakan therapy decreases intensity of typmanytis and improves speech hearing in aged patients. The results of the study give reason to recommend the treatment with tanakan for the elderly patients presenting with either presbiacusis or normal tonal hearing.
Houmøller, Sabina Storbjerg; Wolff, Anne; Hougaard, Dan Dupont
profiling and fitting strategies. Data from 2000 patients are collected from the departments of Audiology in Odense and Aalborg University Hospital. Some of the registered variables include gender, age, and health related questions, noise exposure and whether they are suffering from tinnitus. The database...... subgroups of HA users, including experienced versus new HA users will be made. Previous noise exposure and the relation to the occurrence of tinnitus will be investigated as well....
The sound-field requirements in the hearing protector standard ISO 4869-1 are under discussion at present and are likely to be changed in a coming revision of the standard. The Nordic HAKK group comprises representatives from the hearing protector industry, labor protection institutes, audiologic...... is in progress at the time of submission of this abstract. All factors (laboratory, protector-type, test-frequency, test-subject) are significant....
Chermak, G D; Hall, J W; Musiek, F E
Children diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) frequently present difficulties performing tasks that challenge the central auditory nervous system. The relationship between ADHD and central auditory processing disorder (CAPD) is examined from the perspectives of cognitive neuroscience, audiology, and neuropsychology. The accumulating evidence provides a basis for the overlapping clinical profiles yet differentiates CAPD and ADHD as clinically distinct entities. Common and distinctive management strategies are outlined.
About 10 % of a population have a hearing loss. Combining analytical resources from two interdisciplinary field – Science and Technology Studies and Disability Studies - this thesis investigates the complex interplay between people, technologies and material surroundings. The aim is to learn about how hearing disability becomes ordered in policy making, audiological practice, and everyday life. Disability has traditionally been treated as a physical defect, a problem that can be compens...
Das, C.; Sanasam, J. C.; Chukhu, N.; Bimol, N.
In a clinico-audiological study of 6,674 children in 24 tribal villages in the hills of Manipur in a total population of 18,565, the incidence of deafness is found to be 6.62% The incidence of the conductive deafness is 98.64% and that of the sensori-neural is 1.35%. Episodes of cold attacks and running nose are found to be precursurs of the prevalent conductive deafness. Preventive measures are worked out.
Topsakal, Vedat; Hilgert, Nele; van Dinther, Joost
Clinical and audiological examination was done in 2 Belgian families with autosomal dominant sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) linked to DFNA22. Nineteen subjects in family 1 had mild to moderate SNHL starting in the third decade. The hearing loss was characterized by a flat audiogram affecting a...... reported DFNA22 families with mutations in the MYO6 gene have been studied and compared. It seems that genetic defects that spare the motor domain of the myosin VI protein have a milder phenotype....
Full Text Available Introduction and objective: Osseointegrated implants are nowadays a good therapeutic option for patients suffering from transmission or mixed hearing loss. The aims of this study are both to assess audiology benefits for patients with osseointegrated implants and quantify the change in their quality of life. Method: The study included 10 patients who were implanted in our hospital between March 2013 and September 2014. The instrument used to quantify their quality of life was the Glasgow Benefit Inventory (GBI and a questionnaire including three questions: use of implant, postoperative pain and whether they would recommend the operation to other patients. Audiology assessment was performed through tone audiometry and free field speech audiometric testing. Results: The average total benefit score with the Glasgow Benefit Inventory was +58, and the general, social and physical scores were +75, +18 and +29, respectively. The improvement with the implant regarding free-field tonal audiometry at the frequencies of 500, 1000 and 2000 Hz was found to be statistically significant, as was the difference between verbal audiometry before and after implantation. Discussion: Improvements in surgical technique for osseointegrated implants, at present minimally invasive, foregrounds the assessment of functional and social aspects as a measure of their effectiveness. Conclusions: The use of the osseointegrated implant is related to an important improvement in the audiological level, especially in patients with conductive or mixed hearing loss, together with a great change in the quality of life of implanted patients.
Kenworthy, O T; Klee, T; Tharpe, A M
The purpose of this investigation was to examine three types of audiological recommendations [unaided, CROS (contralateral routing of signals) and personal FM system] and their impact upon speech recognition ability of children with unilateral sensorineural hearing loss. Each of these recommendations was tested under three listening conditions encountered in a classroom [monaural direct (MD), monaural indirect (MI), midline signal/omnidirectional noise (MS/ON)] with two types of speech materials (Nonsense Syllable Test and an American English adaptation on the Bamford-Kowal-Bench Sentence Lists). These experimental conditions were simulated in a classroom, recorded on audiotape, and played back to subjects under headphones to control such factors as signal-to-noise ratio, earmold fit, and head shadow effects. Six school-age children with unilateral hearing losses between 56 and greater than 120 dB HL (PTA) were evaluated using a repeated measures design. The children experienced the most listening difficulty in the MI condition when they were unaided. The CROS aid improved speech recognition in this condition but degraded speech recognition in the MD condition. The FM system was the only audiological recommendation to produce uniformly high speech recognition scores across all listening conditions with both types of speech materials. Implications for the audiological management of unilaterally hearing-impaired children in the classroom are discussed.
Aimoni, C; Ciorba, A; Bovo, R; Trevisi, P; Busi, M; Martini, A
Electrophysiological evaluation is a fundamental procedure for the diagnostic assessment of hearing loss during infancy; in these cases, information concerning threshold level and auditory perception is particularly useful to establish a correct hearing rehabilitation program (hearing aids and cochlear implants). Purpose of this study is to underline the role of auditory brainstem responses (ABR) and electrocochleography (EcochG) in the definition of hearing loss in a selected group of children, referred to the Audiology Department of the University Hospital of Ferrara, for a tertiary level audiological assessment. A retrospective study of the paediatric patient database at the Audiology Department of the University Hospital of Ferrara has been performed. In a period between January 2000 and December 2007, a total of 272 paediatric cases have been identified (544 ears). An EM 12 Mercury apparatus has been used for the electrophysiological threshold identification (ABR and EcochG). Recordings were carried out under general anaesthesia, in a protected enviroment. In 19 of the 272 paediatric cases selected--38 ears (7%), the results of threshold evaluation through ABR were uncertain. The Ecochg recording resulted crucial for the final diagnosis in terms of definition of the hearing threshold level, and it was then possible to ensure the better hearing rehabilitation strategy. ABR has to be considered the first choice in hearing assessment strategy, either for screening or for diagnosis in newborns as well as in non-collaborating children; ECochG still may be considered a reliable diagnostic tool. Copyright 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Kornblum, C; Broicher, R; Walther, E; Herberhold, S; Klockgether, T; Herberhold, C; Schröder, R
In the present study we assessed the prevalence and nature of hearing loss in patients with chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia (CPEO) or Kearns-Sayre syndrome (KSS) due to single large-scale mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) deletion or mtDNA tRNA (Leu (UUR)) A3243G point mutation (A3243G PM). 14 patients with mtDNA deletion and three patients with A3243G PM underwent audiological evaluation comprising pure-tone and speech audiometry as well as transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (OAE). Audiological evaluation revealed hearing impairment in 10/17 patients. Hearing loss was mild to moderate predominantly affecting high frequencies in five patients with subjective hearing problems (three patients with mtDNA deletions, two patients with A3243G PM). Subclinical hearing deficits restricted to high frequencies were seen in further five asymptomatic patients (four patients with mtDNA deletions, one patients with A3243G PM). Audiological findings suggested a cochlear origin of hearing loss in all subjects. Our results demonstrate that CPEO or KSS patients due to mtDNA deletion or A3243G PM are at high risk of developing sensorineural hearing deficits.
Roup, Christina M; Leigh, Elizabeth D
The purpose of the present study was to examine individual differences in binaural processing across the adult life span. Sixty listeners (aged 23-80 years) with symmetrical hearing were tested. Binaural behavioral processing was measured by the Words-in-Noise Test, the 500-Hz masking level difference, and the Dichotic Digit Test. Electrophysiologic responses were assessed by the auditory middle latency response binaural interaction component. No correlations among binaural measures were found. Age accounted for the greatest amount of variability in speech-in-noise performance. Age was significantly correlated with the Words-in-Noise Test binaural advantage and dichotic ear advantage. Partial correlations, however, revealed that this was an effect of hearing status rather than age per se. Inspection of individual results revealed that 20% of listeners demonstrated reduced binaural performance for at least 2 of the binaural measures. The lack of significant correlations among variables suggests that each is an important measurement of binaural abilities. For some listeners, binaural processing was abnormal, reflecting a binaural processing deficit not identified by monaural audiologic tests. The inclusion of a binaural test battery in the audiologic evaluation is supported given that these listeners may benefit from alternative forms of audiologic rehabilitation.
Yeung, Jeffrey; Javidnia, Hedyeh; Heley, Sophie; Beauregard, Yves; Champagne, Sandra; Bromwich, Matthew
The timely diagnosis of hearing loss in the pediatric population has significant implications for a child's development. However, audiological evaluation in this population poses unique challenges due to difficulties with patient cooperation. Though specialized adaptations exist (such as conditioned play audiometry), these methods can be time consuming and costly. The objective of this study was to validate an iPad-based play audiometer that addresses the shortcomings of existing audiometry. We designed a novel, interactive game for the Apple® iPad® that tests pure tone thresholds. In a prospective, randomized study, the efficacy of this tool was compared to standard play audiometry. 85 consecutive patients presenting to the Audiology Clinic at the Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario (ages 3 and older) were recruited into this study. Their hearing was evaluated using both tablet and traditional play audiometry. Warble-tone thresholds obtained by both tablet and traditional audiometry. The majority of children in this age group were capable of completing an audiologic assessment using the tablet computer. The data demonstrate no statistically significant difference between warble-tone thresholds obtained by tablet and traditional audiometry (p=0.29). Moreover, the tablet audiometer demonstrates strong sensitivity (93.3%), specificity (94.5%) and negative predictive value (98.1%). The tablet audiometer is a valid and sensitive instrument for screening and assessment of warble-tone thresholds in children.
Liu, C Carrie; Livingstone, Devon; Yunker, Warren K
To systematically review the literature on the audiological and/or quality of life benefits of a bone conduction hearing aid (BCHA) in children with congenital unilateral conductive or sensorineural deafness. A systematic search was performed according to the PRISMA guidelines using the PubMed, Medline, and Embase databases. Data were collected on the following outcomes of interest: speech reception threshold, speech discrimination, sound localization, and quality of life measures. Given the heterogeneity of the data for quantitative analysis, the results are qualitatively summarized. Eight studies were included in the review. Four studies examined the audiological outcomes associated with bone conduction hearing aid implantation. There was a consistent gain in speech reception thresholds and speech discrimination, especially in noisy environments. Results pertaining to sound localization was inconsistent. The studies that examined quality of life measures reported a high usage rate of BCHAs among children. Quality of life improvements are reported with suggested benefit in the subdomain of learning. Given the potential benefits of a BCHA, along with the fact that it can be safely trialed using a headband, it is reasonable to trial a BCHA in children with congenital unilateral deafness. Should the trial offer audiological and/or quality of life benefits for the individual child, then BCHA implantation can be considered. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Maeda, Yukihide; Sugaya, Akiko; Nagayasu, Rie; Nakagawa, Atsuko; Nishizaki, Kazunori
Audiological parameters alone do not determine the choice to use hearing aids (HA). Subjective hearing-related QoL is a major factor that determines whether or not an older person will continue to wear HA. This study aimed to identify which audiological parameters and quality-of-life (QoL) measures determine whether or not older persons will continue wearing HA. Charts of 157 patients aged ≥65 years who attended the HA service unit at the Otolaryngology Department were retrospectively reviewed. After HA fitting and a trial, the patients were divided into groups, depending upon whether or not they wanted to continue wearing the HA (users, 58.2%; non-users, 41.8%) and then audiological parameters were compared between them. At least 4 months after the HA fitting, the self-reported QoL questionnaire, Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly (HHIE), was mailed to all 157 patients and HHIE scores were compared between HA users and non-users. Speech discrimination score and dynamic range did not significantly differ between HA users and non-users. A difference in the average hearing threshold was marginally significant. The response rate to the HHIE was 65.2%. Total HHIE and emotional scores were higher (more impaired) among HA users than non-users.
Iseri, Mete; Orhan, Kadir Serkan; Tuncer, Ulku; Kara, Ahmet; Durgut, Merve; Guldiken, Yahya; Surmelioglu, Ozgur
The aim of this study is to compare the clinical audiological outcomes as well as patient satisfaction of bone-anchored, hearing aid surgery between the percutaneous Dermalock and the transcutaneous Attract systems. This is a multicenter, retrospective clinical study. The patients who underwent Baha Dermalock and Baha Attract surgery were analyzed for hearing results, surgical complications, and postoperative follow-up specifications for both systems. Speech reception thresholds and bone conduction thresholds with and without aided conditions were evaluated. Patient satisfactions were also determined for both groups by Glasgow Benefit Inventory questionnaire. Both of the groups had some minor complications such as skin irritations around the abutment and skin erythema over the magnet. Both of the groups benefit from the devices audiologically; however, when the groups were compared, better results were observed in the percutaneous, bone-conduction group. We can confirm that both transcutaneous and percutaneous techniques are effective in the rehabilitation of conductive hearing loss when conventional hearing aids cannot be used. However, both of the systems have some advantages and limitations in terms of audiological and surgical perspectives.
Singh, Gurjit; Launer, Stefan
Hearing rehabilitation tends to focus on the influence of intraindividual factors and concepts such as readiness for change and health beliefs. In contrast, less is known about the role of social context and the potential role of significant others on hearing aid adoption. This explorative retrospective study investigated whether hearing aid adoption is associated with significant other attendance at audiology appointments. The study sample consisted of 33,933 and 27,031 individuals who attended appointments either alone or with a significant other, respectively (n = 60,964). It was found that hearing aid adoption was significantly greater when patients attended audiology appointments with a significant other (63.8%) than when attending appointments alone (50.6%). The association between hearing aid adoption and attendance by a significant other was hearing dependent, with 96% higher hearing aid adoption for patients with mild hearing losses when patients attended appointments with a significant other than when attending appointments alone. Hearing aid return rates were comparable when patients attended appointments alone (27%) or with a significant other (24%). Several potential explanations for the observed association are discussed. The pattern of results is consistent with the view that greater adherence is observed when audiologic care is provided from a patient-centered care perspective. Future research should establish whether there is a causal relationship between attendance at appointments by significant others and hearing aid adoption and should attempt to better understand the mechanisms underpinning the relationship between these variables. © The Author(s) 2016.
Bonetti, Luka; Šimunjak, Boris; Franić, Jadranka
The aim of this study was to validate the performance of a self-assessment hearing loss screening tool for adults against audiometric evaluation. Different audiological measurements were compared with the results of a 10-item Likert-type questionnaire named the Hearing Self-Assessment Questionnaire (HSAQ) to investigate its psychometric characteristics. Participants underwent audiological evaluation and completed the HSAQ. The screening performance of the HSAQ was evaluated against three definitions of hearing loss: better-ear mean pure-tone thresholds >25 dBHL at 500-2000 Hz, 500-4000 Hz and 1000-4000 Hz. The study enrolled 112 participants aged between 24 and 88 years (mean age 56.24 years, ±12.92). The HSAQ had high Cronbach's alpha and intraclass correlation coefficients and showed construct, concurrent and discriminant validity. Its screening characteristics proved very good or excellent, depending on the definition of hearing loss. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed excellent accuracy of the HSAQ in the identification of better-ear high-frequency hearing loss and better-ear speech-frequency hearing loss, with respect to different cut-off points. Given the ease with which it is administered and its good screening properties, the HSAQ can be useful in deciding whether adult clients should be referred to audiological evaluation due to reasonable suspicion of hypoacusis.
Polat, Beldan; İşeri, Mete; Orhan, Kadir Serkan; Yılmazer, Ayça Başkadem; Enver, Necati; Ceylan, Didem; Kara, Ahmet; Güldiken, Yahya; Çomoğlu, Şenol
To compare two different percutaneous bone-anchored hearing aid (BAHA) abutment systems regarding operation time, scar healing, quality of life, implant stability, audiologic results, and complications. The study involves a prospective multi-center clinical evaluation. Thirty-two consecutive patients who had undergone BAHA surgery from January 2011 to January 2013 in two tertiary centers were included in the study. The Glasgow Inventory Benefit Score was used to assess the patients at least 6 months after surgery. The operation time and complications were recorded. Implant stability quotient (ISQ) values were recorded using resonance frequency analysis. Holger's classification was used to evaluate skin reactions. The mean length of the operation was 39.2±4 min for standard abutment and 18.3±5.7 min for hydroxyapatite-coated abutment. ISQ scores were significantly better for standard abutment in all tests. The mean total Glasgow Inventory Benefit Score was 39.3±19 for the standard abutment and 46.3±24.5 for the hydroxyapatite-coated abutment groups, but there was no statistical significance between the two groups. There was no difference in audiological improvement between the two groups after surgery. Hydroxyapatite-coated abutment provided a shorter operation time that was significantly different from standard abutment. There were no significant differences between standard abutment and hydroxyapatite-coated abutment regarding audiologic improvement, quality of life, loading time, and complications.
Lykke Hindhede, Anette
This paper reports on a qualitative study of the onset of acquired hearing impairment. The focus of attention is about why a person seeks treatment. The Danish welfare state serves the population ‘in need' such as those with an audiological need and gives them guidance on becoming hearing aid wea...... are complex and epistemologically contested and can help explain why noncompliance is dominant when it comes to hearing rehabilitation for hearing impaired adults.......This paper reports on a qualitative study of the onset of acquired hearing impairment. The focus of attention is about why a person seeks treatment. The Danish welfare state serves the population ‘in need' such as those with an audiological need and gives them guidance on becoming hearing aid...... wearers in order to rehabilitate them back to ‘normal'. However, within audiological research, noncompliance has attracted much attention as investigations have shown that more than 20 percent of hearing aids are very seldom, if ever, in use and 19 percent are used only occasionally. As shown in the paper...
Meyer, Carly; Hickson, Louise; Lovelock, Karen; Lampert, Michelle; Khan, Asad
To examine the influence of audiological and non-audiological factors on help-seeking for hearing impairment (HI) in older adults. A retrospective research design was employed. Participants completed 14 measures, after which two multivariate, multinomial logistic regression models were fitted to the data to determine which factors were associated with consultation for HI and hearing aid uptake. Three-hundred-and-seven individuals who were 60 years or older and who presented with a unilateral or bilateral HI participated in the study. Non-hearing aid owners were assigned to a non-consulter group (n=55) or a consulter group (n=92); hearing aid owners were assigned to an unsuccessful hearing aid owner group (n=75) or a successful hearing aid owner group (n=85). A similar combination of factors was associated with the decisions to consult a health professional about HI and/or to adopt hearing aids. The most important factors related to attitudinal beliefs (e.g. perceived benefits of hearing aids) and external cues to action (e.g. support from significant others). Greater HI also influenced consultation and adoption of hearing aids. Findings highlight the importance of non-audiological factors in hearing rehabilitation to improve consultation for HI and hearing aid adoption.
Kelly Vasconcelos Chaves Martins
Full Text Available Objective: To identify risk factors related to sensorineural hearing loss in elderly. Methods: The sample consisted of 60 selected elderly, divided into two groups: the Case Group, composed by 30 individuals, 21 females and 9 males, aged at least 60 years, presenting sensorineural hearing loss, and the Control Group, composed by 30 individuals matched on gender and age, with normal hearing. The patients were submitted to audiological anamnesis and tonal audiometry. The hearing impairment was defined according to average threshold greater than 35dBNA, in the frequencies of 1,000; 2,000 and 4,000 Hz, in the best ear. Results: Statistically significant odds ratios were: a to audiological history: noise exposure and family history of deafness; b to situations involving hearing difficulty: television, church, telephone, silent environment, spatial location of sound, difficulty with voices and noisy environment; c to otologic history: tinnitus, otorrhea and nausea; and d to medical history: visual problems, smoke, alcohol, thyroid problems and kidney disease. Conclusion: The findings of this study highlighted, for sensorineural hearing loss, risk factors related to audiologic, otologic and medical history, and to situations involving hearing difficulty.
Meyer, J.D.; Chen, Y.; McDonald, J.C.; Cherry, N.M. [University of Manchester, Manchester (United Kingdom)
Surveillance data on occupational audiological disorders have been collected by the Occupational Surveillance Scheme for Audiological Physicians (OSSA) since October 1997 and by the Occupational Physicians Reporting Activity (OPRA) from January 1996. During the 3 years ending in September 2000, a total of 1620 new cases were received from consultant audiological physicians; 988 new cases were estimated from reports by occupational physicians in the period from October 1997 to September 2000. The annual incidence of occupational noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) was 1.94 and 1.23 per 100 000 workers for the OSSA and OPRA schemes, respectively. The median age at diagnosis with NIHL was 59 years in OSSA reports and 50 years in OPRA; nearly all cases were seen in men (95.6 and 92.5% male cases for OSSA and OPRA, respectively). High incidence rates based on OSSA reports were seen in foundry labourers (64.0 per 100 000 employed), coal gas and coke oven furnace workers (54.6), workers in transport and communication (43.1), metal workers (31.3), and members of the armed forces (28.3). Data from occupational physicians point to high rates in sawyers and woodworking machinists, metal furnace workers, coach and carriage builders, maintenance fitters, and engineering labourers. Among workers aged less than or equal to45 years, those in manufacturing and the armed forces were prominent. The long latency of occupational hearing loss makes surveillance difficult, but consistent patterns in occupational risk suggest targets for preventive efforts.
Ángela Eugenia Zúñiga-Pino
Full Text Available The program of Phonoaudiology of the University of Cauca has included the systematization of RIPS in their practices: Integrated I, Integrated II and Community VII, VIII and IX semester. The systematization uses the communicative pathologies codes stipulated in the procedure manual for the practice of audiology MPPF-II of the Colombian Association of Audiology and Technical Annex 2 of the agreement 008, 2009. The aim of this study was to analyze the information available in the RIPS, about the procedures performed in communicative disorders and therapy evaluation in the periods 2004-2009. This analysis allowed knowing the behavior of communicative disorders and the number of procedures performed by the Audiology program at the University of Cauca in the areas of professional practice: speech, language and hearing; in addition to highlighting the impact on health of communication disorders by the program through pre-professional practices. For purposes of systematization the records in the first consultation, monitoring and control and tests practiced were took into account.
Ciorba, Andrea; Bovo, Roberto; Trevisi, Patrizia; Bianchini, Chiara; Arboretti, Rosa; Martini, Alessandro
The aim of the study was to characterize the audiological consequences of congenital cytomegalovirus infection (CMV) and to evaluate the outcome of rehabilitation with hearing aids and/or cochlear implant (CI), associated with an adequate speech-language therapy. A retrospective review of data was made from a total of 16 infants, affected by severe to profound hearing loss from congenital CMV infection, referred to a tertiary audiological center for rehabilitation. Audiological evaluation was performed using behavioral audiometry, auditory brainstem responses (ABR) and/or electrocochleography (ECochG). Of the 16 children (median age at diagnosis of hearing loss: 21.33 +/- 0.7 months) with CMV hearing loss, 14 were affected by profound bilateral hearing loss and received a CI, while 2 were affected by bilateral severe hearing loss and received hearing aids. Cochlear implants can provide useful speech comprehension to patients with CMV-related deafness, even if language development is lower when compared to a group of Connexin (Cx) 26+ cochlear-implanted children (eight subjects), matched for age. Congenital CMV infection still represents a serious clinical condition, as well as an important cause of hearing loss in children. More studies have claimed to identify the pathophysiological mechanisms of damage and thus to ensure a better therapeutic approach. Nonetheless, in cases of CMV-deafened babies, the overall outcome of cochlear implantation is good.
Serpanos, Yula C; Senzer, Deborah
This study presents a piloted training model of experiential instruction in outer and middle ear (OE-ME) screening for graduate speech-language pathology students with peer teaching by doctor of audiology (AuD) students. Six individual experiential training sessions in screening otoscopy and tympanometry were conducted for 36 graduate-level speech-language pathology students led by a supervised AuD student. Postexperiential training, survey outcomes from 24 speech-language pathology students revealed a significant improvement (p = .01) in perceptions of attaining adequate knowledge and comfort in performing screening otoscopy (handheld and video otoscopy) and tympanometry. In a group of matched controls who did not receive experiential training in OE-ME screening (n = 24), ratings on the same learning outcomes survey in otoscopy and tympanometry were significantly poorer (p = .01) compared with students who did receive experiential training. A training model of experiential instruction for speech-language pathology students by AuD students improved learning outcomes, illustrating its promise in affecting clinical practices. The instructional model also meets the Council on Academic Accreditation in Audiology and Speech-Language Pathology (CAA; American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, 2008) and American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (2014) Certificate of Clinical Competence (ASHA CCC) standards for speech-language pathology in OE-ME screening and CAA (2008) and ASHA (2012) CCC standards in the supervisory process for audiology.
Beers, Alison N; McBoyle, Melanie; Kakande, Emily; Dar Santos, Rachelle C; Kozak, Frederick K
To systematically review the literature describing the relationship between autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and peripheral hearing loss including literature recommendations for audiological assessment and auditory habilitation in cases where peripheral hearing loss and ASD coexist. Published studies indexed in MEDLINE (1948-2011). The search strategy identified 595 potential studies. After a review of the titles, 115 abstracts were reviewed and 39 articles were retrieved and assessed independently by at least two authors for possible inclusion. 22 articles pertained to children with ASD and peripheral hearing loss, hearing assessment in children with ASD, audiological habilitation for children with ASD or hyper-responsiveness in children with ASD. 17 further studies were garnered from the reference section of the 22 papers. Controversy exists in the literature regarding prevalence of hearing impairment among individuals with ASD. In cases where ASD and hearing impairment co-exist, diagnosis of one condition often leads to a delay in diagnosing the other. Audiological assessment can be difficult in children with ASD and test-retest reliability of behavioural thresholds can be poor. In cases where hearing impairment exists and hearing aids or cochlear implantation are recommended, devices are often fit with special considerations for the child with ASD. Hyper-responsiveness to auditory stimuli may be displayed by individuals with ASD. Evidence or the suspicion of hyper-responsiveness may be taken into consideration when fitting amplification and planning behavioural intervention. Prevalence rates of hearing impairment among individuals with ASD continue to be debated. At present there is no conclusive evidence that children with ASD are at increased risk of peripheral hearing loss. A complete audiological assessment is recommended in all cases where ASD is suspected so as not to delay the diagnosis of hearing impairment in the event that hearing loss and ASD co
Yao, Jianchu; Wan, Yongbo; Givens, Gregg D
Internet-based tele-audiology is expected to relieve the dilemma between the lack of resources and high demand of audiological care services. This paper presents a web services based, distributed pure-tone hearing assessment system that improves accessibility of traditionally underserved groups to audiology care. The system employs browser-server network architecture to connect patients to audiology specialists through a web server where all application software is hosted. Software on the server is designed with a three-tier approach which makes the system scalable to include other audiological services. Hearing test data are stored in a standard database and can potentially be integrated into established electronic medical records. On the remote patient side, off-the-shelf audiometers are adopted. The Internet connection of these audiometers can be flexibly configured either with or without a computer. Two aspects of the system were tested: (1) the clinical effectiveness of the system: double-blinded experiments were conducted to assess hearing ability of 30 subjects and paired t-tests were utilized to compare assessment results from the remote approach and the conventional setup; and (2) to analyze the system bandwidth requirements, data traffic among the server, the audiometer, and the audiologist terminal was examined with a network monitoring software (wireshark). Paired t-test results have demonstrated that the remote hearing assessment is equivalent in effectiveness to its conventional counterparts at all tested frequencies (P values are in the range of [0.12, 0.94]), and the bandwidth required by the system is less than 1 Mbps, falling within the capacity of average commercial Internet service subscription. The project developed a remote hearing assessment system based on services on a web server. The system minimizes hardware and software requirements on the audiologist's computer and can be realized with regular Internet service subscription. Patient
Bouhabel, Sarah; Arcand, Pierre; Saliba, Issam
To compare the audiologic outcome and feasibility of bone-anchored hearing aid (BAHA) and external auditory canal reconstruction (EACR) surgeries in pediatric patients presenting a congenital aural atresia (CAA). A retrospective chart review of 40 patients operated in our tertiary pediatric care center between 2002 and 2010 was performed. 20 patients underwent EACR, whereas another 20 patients were implanted with a BAHA device. Air conduction (AC), bone conduction (BC), pure tone average (PTA) and speech discrimination score (SDS) were compared preoperatively, and hearing gain (HG) postoperatively at 6 and at 12 months at frequencies of 500, 1000, 2000 and 4000 Hz. Operative time, complications and associated microtia were documented as well. EACR patients were graded retrospectively upon Jahrsdoerfer's classification. Preoperative AC were significantly different between groups, at 500, 1000 and 2000 Hz but not at 4000 Hz. BAHA group compared postoperatively to EACR group showed significantly a superior HG of 46.9 ± 7.0 dB (paided air thresholds from the EACR group revealed an audiologic status similar to those of the BAHA group patients, at 6 months and one year postoperatively. Both groups had a similar evolution of their BC, as well as of the incidence of complications. We report one case of transient facial paralysis in the EACR group. Total operative time is significantly lower (pBAHA implantation (56 ± 21 min) than for EACR surgery (216 ± 174 min). No preoperative or postoperative correlation (Pearson correlation test; p>0.05) was found between patient's Jahrsdoerfer's score and their audiologic outcome. HG does not seem to be influenced by the presence of microtia. EACR, although constituting an attractive option, does not give acceptable results alone. It can however, when combined to conventional air conduction hearing aids, provide excellent audiologic outcomes comparable to BAHA. BAHA implantation is a reliable, safe and efficient therapeutic option
İsmail Cem Temel
Full Text Available Objective: Sensorineural hearing loss can occur as a complication of autoimmune and inflammatory diseases. Although psoriasis is also a chronic inflammatory skin disease characterized by T-cell mediated hyper proliferation of the keratinocytes, the information about the relationship between audiological disorders is limited in the literature and the relationship with vestibular disorders has not been investigated before. In this study, we aimed to investigate the presence of audiovestibular disorders and their relationship with disease parameters. Methods: Sixty-one patients with psoriasis and 61 healthy individuals were included in this prospective cross-sectional study. Those with possible etiologic factors that may lead to hearing and balance disorders were not included in the study. All participants were first performed a full ear, nose and throat examination. Subsequently, full audiological examination (pure audiometry, autoacoustic emission, stapes reflex, detection threshold of speech and discrimination and electronystagmography tests were performed in the audiology laboratory where sound isolation was provided. Psoriasis severity was assessed by psoriasis area and severity index, body surface area and general evaluation of researcher. Results: There were significant differences between patients and controls in terms of audiovestibular symptoms. According to audiograms, predominant bilateral sensorineural hearing loss was detected in high frequency in psoriasis patients. The vestibular abnormalities in patients with psoriasis were found to be more frequent than those in controls, only saccadic test values were observed as statistically significant. Conclusion: Our study demonstrates that audiovestibular abnormalities are significantly associated with psoriasis. Therefore, patients with psoriasis should be evaluated for the co-occurrence of hearing loss or vestibular problems which might affect patients’ quality of life.
Huber, Maria; Kipman, Ulrike
To compare cognitive performance between children with cochlear implants (CI) and normal-hearing peers; provide information about correlations between cognitive performance, basic academic achievement, and medical/audiological and social background variables; and assess the predictor quality of these variables for cognition. Cross-sectional study with comparison group, diagnostic test assessment. Data were collected in the authors' clinic (children with CI) and in Austrian schools (normal-hearing children). Forty children with CI (of the initial 65 children eligible for this study), aged 7 to 11 years, and 40 normal-hearing children, matched by age and sex, were tested with (a) the Culture Fair Intelligence Test (CFIT); (b) the Number Sequences subtest of the Heidelberger Rechentest 1-4 (HRT); (c) Comprehension, (d) Coding, (e) Digit Span, and (f) Vocabulary subtests of HAWIK III (German WISC III); (g) the Corsi Block Tapping Test; (h) the Arithmetic Operations subtests of the HRT; and (i) Salzburger Lese-Screening (SLS, reading). In addition, medical, audiological, social, and educational data from children with CI were collected. The children with CI equaled normal-hearing children in (a), (d), (e), (g), (h), and (i) and performed significantly worse in (b), (c) and (f). Background variables correlate significantly with cognitive skills and academic achievement. Medical/audiological variables explain 44.3% of the variance in CFT1 (CFIT, younger children). Social variables explain 55% of CFT1 and 24.5% of the Corsi test. This study augments the knowledge about cognitive skills and academic skills of children with CI. Cognitive performance is dependent on the early feasibility to hear and the social/educational background of the family.
INTRODUCTION: Hearing screening programmes aim to detect hearing loss in the neonate. The Health Service Executive (HSE) South was the first phase of a national roll-out of a neonatal hearing screening programme in Ireland, going live on 28 April 2011. RESULTS: Over 11,738 babies have been screened for permanent childhood hearing impairment (PCHI) during the first 12 months. The percentage of eligible babies offered hearing screening was 99.2 %. Only 0.2 % (n = 25) of those offered screening declined. 493 (4 %) were referred for immediate diagnostic audiological assessment. The average time between screen and diagnostic audiology appointment was 2 weeks. 15 (1.3\\/1,000) babies have been identified with a PCHI over the 12-month period. 946 (4 %) babies screened were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) for >48 h. The prevalance of PCHI is 7.3\\/1,000 in the NICU population compared to 0.6\\/1000 in the well baby population. 214 (1.8 % of total babies screened) had a clear response in the screening programmes, but were deemed to be at risk of an acquired childhood hearing impairment. These babies will be reassessed with a diagnostic audiology appointment at 8-9 months of age. To date, there is one case of acquired hearing impairment through this targeted follow-up screen. Of the 15 cases of PCHI identified, 8 (53 %) of these had one or more risk factors for hearing loss and 7 (37 %) were admitted to the NICU for >48 h. Four babies were referred for assessment at the National Cochlear Implant Centre.
Baldwin, Stacey M; Gajewski, Byron J; Widen, Judith E
Early intervention to reduce the effects of congenital hearing loss requires accurate description of hearing loss. In pediatric audiology, a cross-check principle is used to compare behavioral and physiological tests. The purpose of this study was to investigate the correspondence of visual reinforcement audiometry (VRA) minimal response levels (MRLs), otoacoustic emissions (OAEs), tympanometry, and VRA test reliability to determine the odds of obtaining the expected cross-check results. We hypothesized that (1) when MRLs were within normal limits (WNL), OAEs would be present; (2) in the event of normal MRLs and absent OAEs, tympanograms would be abnormal; and (3) in the event of elevated MRLs and present OAEs, the tester's confidence in the MRLs would be judged to be only fair, rather than good. This was a retrospective study. A previous study provided data from 993 infants who had diagnostic audiologic evaluations at 8-12 mo of age. The data were analyzed to compare VRA MRLs with OAE signal-to-noise ratios at 1, 2, and 4 kHz. Odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals were calculated to test the three hypotheses related to the correspondence among MRLs, OAEs, tympanometry, and the reliability of MRLs. The probability that OAEs would be present when MRLs were WNL varied from 12 to 26 to 1, depending on the test frequency. When OAEs were absent in the presence of normal MRLs, the odds of abnormal tympanometry varied from 5 to 10 to 1, depending on the test frequency. When MRLs were elevated (>20 dB HL), the odds suggested that examiners judged the MRLs at 1 and 2 kHz to lack reliability. The results suggest that the cross-check principle is effective when employing VRA, OAE, and tympanometry to rule out or determine the degree, type, and configuration of hearing loss in infants. American Academy of Audiology.
Yeung, Jeffrey C; Heley, Sophie; Beauregard, Yves; Champagne, Sandra; Bromwich, Matthew A
The timely diagnosis and treatment of acquired hearing loss in the pediatric population has significant implications for a child's development. Audiological assessment in children, however, carries both technological and logistical challenges. Typically, specialized methods (such as play audiometry) are required to maintain the child's attention and can be resource intensive. These challenges were previously addressed by a novel, calibrated, interactive play audiometer for Apple(®) iOS(®) called "ShoeBOX Audiometry". This device has potential applications for deployment in environments where traditional clinical audiometry is either unavailable or impractical. The objective of this study was to assess the screening capability of the tablet audiometer in an uncontrolled environment using consumer ear-bud headphones. Consecutive patients presenting to the Audiology Clinic at the Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario (ages 4 and older) were recruited. Participants' hearing was evaluted using the tablet audiometer calibrated to Apple(®) In-Ear headphones. The warble tone thresholds obtained were compared to gold standard measurements taken with a traditional clinical audiometer inside a soundbooth. 80 patients were enrolled. The majority of participants were capable of completing an audiologic assessment using the tablet computer. Due to ambient noise levels outside a soundbooth, thresholds obtained at 500Hz were not consistent with traditional audiometry. Excluding 500Hz threholds, the tablet audiometer demonstrated strong negative predictive value (89.7%) as well as strong sensitivity (91.2%) for hearing loss. Thresholds obtained in an uncontrolled setting are not reflective of diagnostic thresholds due to the uncalibrated nature of the headphones and variability of the setting without a booth. Nevertheless, the tablet audiometer proved to be both a valid and sensitive instrument for unsupervised screening of warble-tone thresholds in children. Copyright © 2015
Swanepoel, De Wet; Maclennan-Smith, Felicity; Hall, James W
To validate diagnostic pure-tone audiometry in schools without a sound-treated environment using an audiometer that incorporates insert earphones covered by circumaural earcups and real-time environmental noise monitoring. A within-subject repeated measures design was employed to compare air (250 to 8000 Hz) and bone (250 to 4000 Hz) conduction pure-tone thresholds measured in natural school environments with thresholds measured in a sound-treated booth. 149 children (54% female) with an average age of 6.9 yr (SD = 0.6; range = 5-8). Average difference between the booth and natural environment thresholds was 0.0 dB (SD = 3.6) for air conduction and 0.1 dB (SD = 3.1) for bone conduction. Average absolute difference between the booth and natural environment was 2.1 dB (SD = 2.9) for air conduction and 1.6 dB (SD = 2.7) for bone conduction. Almost all air- (96%) and bone-conduction (97%) threshold comparisons between the natural and booth test environments were within 0 to 5 dB. No statistically significant differences between thresholds recorded in the natural and booth environments for air- and bone-conduction audiometry were found (p > 0.01). Diagnostic air- and bone-conduction audiometry in schools, without a sound-treated room, is possible with sufficient earphone attenuation and real-time monitoring of environmental noise. Audiological diagnosis on-site for school screening may address concerns of false-positive referrals and poor follow-up compliance and allow for direct referral to audiological and/or medical intervention. American Academy of Audiology.
Haydée Fiszbein Wertzner
Full Text Available CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Some factors seem to influence speech impairment among phonologically disordered children. The aim was to compare severity indices with some correlated factors. DESIGN AND SETTING: Observational, analytical and cross-sectional study conducted within the Language-Speech-Hearing Sciences Course, Universidade de São Paulo. METHOD: Fifty phonologically disordered children with ages ranging from 4 to 11 years took part. The indices were calculated from phonology tests and were correlated with anamnesis and audiological data. Student’s t test and Spearman’s correlation were used to compare percentages of consonants correct (PCC and process density index (PDI for children with and without otitis, upper respiratory histories and audiological abnormalities, with regard to whether or not they were comprehended during assessment, their ages when they started to speak and their ages at the assessment. RESULTS: The higher the age at the assessment was, the higher the PCC (imitation: 0.468; naming: 0.431; Spearman’s correlation and the lower the PDI (imitation: 0.459; naming: 0.431; the later the child started to speak, the lower the PCC (imitation p = 0.064; naming p = 0.050 and the higher the PDI (imitation p = 0.067; naming p = 0.042. There were differences between groups with and without upper respiratory history (PCC: imitation p = 0.016, naming p = 0.005; PDI: imitation p = 0.014, naming p = 0.008. There was no difference between the groups regarding otitis, comprehension during the assessment and audiological data. CONCLUSIONS: Children with upper respiratory histories who began to speak later presented more severe speech impairment indices.
Roggia, Simone Mariotto
Full Text Available Introduction: Hearing is the sensorial system that helps mankind in the acquisition and development of the oral language and enables their insertion into the socio-cultural environment. Objective: To characterize the hearing of children since birth until 14 years and 11 months of age, living in Itajaí. Method: Prospective study whose population was composed by inhabitants of the urban region of the city of Itajaí, SC. All individuals living in the sorted houses were included in the audiological evaluation, and the collective, commercial and non-inhabited dwellings were excluded. The children older than 4 years old were evaluated as for the acoustic meatus, audiological selection in the frequencies of 1000, 2000 and 4000 Hz, research of acoustic reflexes and tympanometry. In the children younger that 3 years and 11 months the behavioral and transient evoked otoacoustic emissions evaluations were carried out. Results: From the 119 children evaluated, the occurrence of some kind of auditory deficiency was of 16.84% in the children older than four years, in the analysis of the best ear. No case of incapacitating auditory deficiency was found. When we matched the behavioral evaluation results of children aged up to three years and 11 months with the results from the tympanometry of the research of ipsilateral acoustic reflexes and transient otoacoustic emissions, we confirmed the occurrence of 59.10% of audiological alterations, and from these there were alterations predominantly in the tympanometry and acoustic reflexes, which suggested conductive problems. Conclusion: This confirms the importance of acting for the promotion and prevention of conductive hearing losses, by attempting to provide the children with the development of language and learning fully and effectively.
Hennig, Tais Regina
Full Text Available Introduction: Tinnitus and hyperacusis are increasingly frequent audiological symptoms that may occur in the absence of the hearing involvement, but it does not offer a lower impact or bothering to the affected individuals. The Medial Olivocochlear System helps in the speech recognition in noise and may be connected to the presence of tinnitus and hyperacusis. Objective: To evaluate the speech recognition of normal-hearing individual with and without complaints of tinnitus and hyperacusis, and to compare their results. Method: Descriptive, prospective and cross-study in which 19 normal-hearing individuals were evaluated with complaint of tinnitus and hyperacusis of the Study Group (SG, and 23 normal-hearing individuals without audiological complaints of the Control Group (CG. The individuals of both groups were submitted to the test List of Sentences in Portuguese, prepared by Costa (1998 to determine the Sentences Recognition Threshold in Silence (LRSS and the signal to noise ratio (S/N. The SG also answered the Tinnitus Handicap Inventory for tinnitus analysis, and to characterize hyperacusis the discomfort thresholds were set. Results: The CG and SG presented with average LRSS and S/N ratio of 7.34 dB NA and -6.77 dB, and of 7.20 dB NA and -4.89 dB, respectively. Conclusion: The normal-hearing individuals with or without audiological complaints of tinnitus and hyperacusis had a similar performance in the speech recognition in silence, which was not the case when evaluated in the presence of competitive noise, since the SG had a lower performance in this communication scenario, with a statistically significant difference.
Plinkert Peter K
Full Text Available Abstract Background Chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM is frequently associated with symptoms of inflammation like discharge from the ear or pain. In many cases, patients suffer from hearing loss causing communication problems and social withdrawal. The objective of this work was to collect prospective audiological data and data on general and disease-specific quality of life with validated quality of life measurement instruments to assess the impact of the disease on health-related quality of life (HR-QOL. Methods 121 patients were included in the study. Patients were clinically examined in the hospital before and 6 months after surgery including audiological testing. They filled in the quality of life questionnaires SF-36 and Chronic Otitis Media Outcome Test 15 (COMOT-15 pre-operatively and 6 and 12 months post-operatively, respectively. Results Complete data records from 90 patients were available for statistical analysis. Disease-specific HR-QOL in patients with CSOM improved after tympanoplasty in all the scales of the COMOT-15. There was no difference in HR-QOL assessment between patients with mesotympanic respectively epitympanic CSOM. However, we did find the outcome to be worse in patients who received revision surgery compared with those receiving primary surgery. Audiometric findings correlated very well with the subscale hearing function from the COMOT-15 questionnaire. General HR-QOL measured with the SF-36 was not significantly changed by tympanoplasty. Conclusions Tympanoplasty did lead to a significant improvement of disease-specific HR-QOL in patients with CSOM while general HR-QOL did not change. Very well correlations were found between the subscale hearing function from the COMOT-15 questionnaire and audiological findings. Revision surgery seems to be a predictor for a worse outcome.
Full Text Available Objective: To determine the prevalence of occult hearing loss in elderly inpatients, to evaluate feasibility of opportunistic hearing screening and to determine subsequent provision of hearing aids. Materials and methods: Subjects (>65 years were recruited from five elderly care wards. Hearing loss was detected by a ward-based hearing screen comprising patient-reported assessment of hearing disability and a whisper test. Subjects failing the whisper test or reporting hearing difficulties were offered formal audiological assessment. Results: Screening was performed on 51 patients aged between 70 and 95 years. Of the patients, 21 (41% reported hearing loss and 16 (31% failed the whisper test. A total of 37 patients (73% were referred for audiological assessment with 17 (33% found to have aidable hearing loss and 11 were fitted with hearing aids (22%. Discussion: This study highlights the high prevalence of occult hearing loss in elderly inpatients. Easy two-step screening can accurately identify patients with undiagnosed deafness resulting in significant proportions receiving hearing aids. Key sentences Approximately 14% of the elderly population use hearing aids despite a reported prevalence of deafness in up to 55%. The use of hearing aids is associated with an improvement in physical, emotional, mental and social well-being. An easy screening test for hearing loss consists of patient-reported hearing loss and a whisper test. Opportunistic screening of elderly inpatients resulted in referral of 73% of screened patients for formal audiology. Of the screened patients, 22% were provided with hearing aids.
Trinidade, Aaron; Page, Joshua C; Kennett, Sarah W; Cox, Matthew D; Dornhoffer, John L
From a purely surgical efficiency point of view, simultaneous cochlear implantation (SimCI) is more cost-effective than sequential cochlear implantation (SeqCI) when total direct costs are considered (implant and hospital costs). However, in a setting where only SeqCI is practiced and a proportion of initially unilaterally implanted patients do not progress to a second implant, this may not be the case, especially when audiological costs are factored in. We present a cost analysis of such a scenario as would occur in our institution. Retrospective review and cost analysis. Between 2005 and 2015, 370 patients fulfilled the audiological criteria for bilateral implantation. Of those, 267 (72.1%) underwent unilateral cochlear implantation only, 101 (27.3%) progressed to SeqCI, and two underwent SimCI. The total hospital, surgical, and implant costs, and initial implant stimulation series audiological costs between August 2015 and August 2016 (29 adult patients) were used in this analysis. The total hospital, surgical, and implant costs for this period was $2,731,360.42. Based on previous local trends, if a projected eight (27.3%) of these patients decide to progress to SeqCI, this will cost an additional $750,811.04, resulting in an overall total of $3,482,171.46 for these 29 patients. Had all 29 undergone SimCI, the total projected cost would have been $3,332,991.75, representing a total potential saving of $149,179.67 (4.3%). In institutions where only SeqCI is allowed in adults, overall patient management may cost marginally more than if SimCI were practiced. This will be of interest to CI programs and health insurance companies. 4. Laryngoscope, 127:2615-2618, 2017. © 2017 The American Laryngological, Rhinological and Otological Society, Inc.
López-Vázquez, M; Berruecos, P; Lopez, L E; Cacho, J
Early diagnosis and intervention of hearing loss are directly influenced by the knowledge and attitude towards this condition among medical personnel, particularly in countries where screening is not performed routinely. The objective of this paper was to evaluate the attitude and knowledge of hearing loss in a group of physicians. A questionnaire with five Likert-type items and five multiple choice and fill-in-the-blank items was completed by 2727 physicians selected to start a medical residency. Results suggested that physicians' knowledge level on the matter is deficient and their attitude is far from the ideal; however, physicians selected for a residency in audiology showed slightly better results.
Baceviciute, Sarune; Albæk, Katharina R.R.; Arsovski, Aleksandar
In this article we explore the means by which state-of-the-art knowledge on children counseling techniques can be combined with digital interactive narrative tools to facilitate communication with children during counseling sessions. The field of “narrative play therapy” could profit from...... an adult professional counselor (or therapists) needs to establish a trustful and efficient communication with children. Furthermore, the tool was specifically customized to pediatric audiology counseling. Our evaluation shows that the tool maintains the centrality of the child‟s perspective thanks...
Lewis, Doris Ruthy; Marone, Silvio Antonio Monteiro; Mendes, Beatriz C A; Cruz, Oswaldo Laercio Mendonça; Nóbrega, Manoel de
Created in 2007, COMUSA is a multiprofessional committee comprising speech therapy, otology, otorhinolaryngology and pediatrics with the aim of debating and countersigning auditory health actions for neonatal, lactating, preschool and school children, adolescents, adults and elderly persons. COMUSA includes representatives of the Brazilian Audiology Academy (Academia Brasileira de Audiologia or ABA), the Brazilian Otorhinolaryngology and Cervicofacial Surgery Association (Associação Brasileira de Otorrinolaringologia e Cirurgia Cérvico Facial or ABORL), the Brazilian Phonoaudiology Society (Sociedade Brasileira de Fonoaudiologia or SBFa), the Brazilian Otology Society (Sociedade Brasileira de Otologia or SBO), and the Brazilian Pediatrics Society (Sociedade Brasileira de Pediatria or SBP).
Marsh, Jeffrey L
Separation of the nasal and oral cavities by dynamic closure of the velo-pharyngeal port is necessary for normal speech and swallowing. Velo-pharyngeal dysfunction (VPD) may either follow repair of a cleft palate or be independent of clefting. While the diagnosis of VPD is made by audiologic perceptual evaluation of speech, identification of the mechanism of the dysfunction requires instrumental visualization of the velo-pharyngeal port during specific speech tasks. Matching the specific intervention for management of VPD with the type of dysfunction, i.e. differential management for differential diagnosis, maximizes the result while minimizing the morbidity of the intervention.
E. V. Shishkinskaya
Full Text Available The results of two-stage audiologic examination (otoacoustic emissions method and assessment of auditory evoked potentials of 74 term and premature newborns are shown in this article. All patients received treatment for perinatal injuries of central nervous system (cerebral ischemia of various stages of severity. The assessment of brainstem auditory evoked potentials was established to be the most informative diagnostic method both in term and premature infants, moreover the majority of newborns with perinatal brain injuries had increased latencies of brainstem auditory evoked potentials parameters and signs of acoustic analyzer dysfunction, which character depended on the severity of cerebral ischemia.
Full Text Available Complete treatment of the child ( results · Audiological· Psychological· Social anamnesia· Diagnostic anamnesia· Otorinolaringological· Measuring the phonemic luggage.Main part:· Education of the parents ( directions for work · Rehabilitation of the rest of the hearing and adaptation of the hearing apparatus;· voices· words· sentences· dictionaryConclusion with material evidence1.Audiogram2.Tape recordings of voices and speech3.Mother’s report for the two years course treatment and the results of the work.
Sadjadi, Reza; Quigg, Mark
A twenty-eight-year-old woman with an eight-year history of partial hearing loss presented with a two-year history of worsening deafness and new-onset seizures. Evaluations of tympanic membranes, cochlea, and auditory brain stem reflexes demonstrated no physiologic basis for deafness. Video-EEG monitoring demonstrated that the patient responded normally to spontaneous auditory stimuli and that typical spells were nonepileptic in origin. Although pseudohypacusis is reported in audiology literature, and psychogenic nonepileptic spells are well-studied phenomena in neurology literature, the present case is an unusual case of dual psychogenic symptoms, a relationship that indicates poorer prognosis.
Lidia B. Giúdici
Full Text Available Background: We provide protocolized interdisciplinary follow-up to babies born with Esophageal Atresia (EA. There are few reports in Argentina about follow-up of EA patients.Objective: To describe outcomes in follow-up of EA patients at 1, 3 and 6 years old and to compare outcomes at age 1 with those at age 6.Methods: Prospective, longitudinal, analytic study of the cohort of babies born with EA, admitted to the follow-up program from 11/01/03 to 10/31/14. Follow-up includes: growth (weight > 10th centile, WHO, neurology-psychomotor development, audiology, vision, genetic, mental health, surgical reintervention, phonostomatology, language, pulmonology, re-hospitalization for clinical causes, lost to follow-up. Outcomes were described at age 1, 3 and 6. We included all EA patients who had reached age 1 at the start of this study.Results: 27 babies were admitted; 30% had long-gap EA; 18% presented VACTERL association; 23 children met inclusion criteria. Genetics was assessed in 18 newborns (78%; a chromosomal map was performed in 11 babies; 3 had an abnormal karyotype. Mental health: 5/14 of the assessed children showed problems. Phonostomatology: 11 newborns checked (6 required treatment, 4 recovered at age 1. Pulmonologist evaluated 18 babies (7 with recurrent wheezing, 6 with moderate tracheomalacia. Gastroenterology and endoscopy: 80% presented gastroesophageal reflux (GER grade 3-4, and 50% showed a pathologic pHmetry. Lost to follow-up: age 1, 2 (8%; age 3, 3 (17%; age 6, 3 (23%. Normal outcomes observed are the following. Age 1 – growth: 81%; neurologic-psychomotor developmental index (NPDI: 76%; audiology: 95%; vision: 85%; language: 62%; re-hospitalization for clinical causes: 38%; surgical reinterventions: 47%. Age 3 – growth: 78%; NPDI: 50%; audiology: 93%; vision: 93%; language: 43%; re-hospitalization: 35%; surgical reinterventions: 14%. Age 6 – growth: 50%; NPDI: 30%; audiology: 90%; vision: 40%; language: 50%; re
Full Text Available This case can be placed in a neurologic classification. The patient is a child with learning disability in school activities. He was first referred to an audiological clinic because of a central auditory processing disorder (CAPD. His mother has noticed several hearing problems and this led us to the evaluations for his central auditory processing disorder. He has problems in hearing speech in noise and speech processing and need his friends repeat words during communication. no vestibular disorder was noticed nor any localization problem. The child has a good progress in school and only suffered problems in reading tasks. Intelligence quotient(IQ was also normal.
Kiaer, Eva Kirkegaard; Møller, Troels Reinholdt; Wetke, Randi
A 30 month-old boy with delayed language development was referred to the Department of Audiology in Aarhus. At the time of referral he had had 19 cases of acute otitis media and had been tubulated four times. Furthermore, the boy had not developed according to age in several respects: his motor...... functions and language were delayed, and he made audible respiratory sounds and was obviously nasally congested. The boy was referred for further investigations at the Department of Paediatrics. The tests showed that the boy suffered from Hunter Syndrome (MPSII) and he underwent relevant treatment....
McGurgan, I J
The past decade has seen the widespread introduction of universal neonatal hearing screening (UNHS) programmes worldwide. Regrettably, such a programme is only now in the process of nationwide implementation in the Republic of Ireland and has been largely restricted to one screening modality for initial testing; namely transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAE). The aim of this study is to analyse the effects of employing a different screening protocol which utilises an alternative initial test, automated auditory brainstem response (AABR), on referral rates to specialist audiology services.
Dra. Marisela Cardier
En el caso de la tele-audiología, se ha mostrado que los resultados obtenidos mediante pruebas remotas son equivalentes a los de las mismas pruebas presenciales. Aunque todavía se ha investigado poco en este campo, es un área de gran importancia debido a los problemas en el desarrollo y la calidad de vida que implica la pérdida de audición y a que la mayor parte de la población mundial no tiene fácil acceso a los servicios de salud auditiva. Se revisan las potenciales aplicaciones de la telemedicina, sus ventajas y sus inconvenientes.
Egbert, Maria; Matthews, Ben
The interdisciplinary approach of User Centered Design is presented here with a focus on innovation in the design and use of hearing technologies as well as on the potential of innovation in interaction. This approach is geared towards developing new products, systems, technologies and practices...... based on an understanding of why so few persons with hearing loss use the highly advanced hearing technologies. In integrating Conversation Analysis (“CA”), audiology and User Centered Design, three disciplines which are collaborating together for the first time, we are addressing the following...
The bone-anchored hearing aid (Baha) was introduced in 1977 by Tjellström and colleagues and has now been used clinically for over 30 years. Generally, the outcomes are good, and several studies have shown improved audiological- and quality of life outcomes. The principle of the Baha is, that sound vibrations are led directly to the inner ear via the mastoid bone, bypassing the middle ear. This is achieved via an osseointegrated implant and a skin-penetrating abutment. Studies report high success rates and a majority of complications as typically minor in nature.
Bhalla, Vidur; Rodgers, Brian; Lin, James
The hallmarks of symptomatic human monocytic ehrlichiosis (HME) include fever, headache, myalgia, nausea, malaise, transaminitis, and blood cell abnormalities. Previous case reports have described isolated cranial nerve palsies in infected patients but not hearing loss. We describe the onset of sudden sensorineural hearing loss in 2 patients with HME-a 31-year-old woman and an 82-year-old woman. The older patient experienced objective and subjective improvement in her hearing after treatment with an antibiotic and steroid taper; the younger patient was lost to audiologic follow-up. Additionally, we discuss the possible mechanisms of the hearing loss in these patients.
Escada, Pedro Alberto; Capucho, Clara; Madeira da Silva, José Francisco
We report a case of sudden hearing loss in a patient with acute exudative tonsillitis, occurring 15 minutes after the intramuscular administration of penicillin. Audiological evaluation documented a profound sensorineural hearing loss of the cochlear type. The mechanism of the hearing loss was probably an immediate hypersensitivity (type I) allergic drug reaction. Penicillin is used frequently for the treatment of several infections. Allergic reactions to penicillin are well known and include urticaria, maculopapular exanthems, angio-oedema, bronchospasm and anaphylaxis, but sudden hearing loss has never been recorded.
Full Text Available During the embryological development of the ear, certain malformations may occur. Accessory auricle is one of these developmental anomalies, which has a wide range from a small elevation of skin to a large size to resemble an additional auricle, where the latter called polyotia. Here, we present a case of an accessory auricle in a young female adult. The occurence was unilateral; the subject did not have any audiological disorder. We compared our findings with different cases of accessory auricle in the literature. The clinical importance and genetic association are also discussed.
adult of unknown age and hearing loss could not be ruled 255 out. Younger animals tend to hear better and presbycusis or hearing loss due to age has...et al., 2008, Kloepper et al., 2010). The subject in the present 258 study was not full grown and presbycusis does not appear to be a potential...Heyning, P. (2009). "Audiometric shape and presbycusis ." International Journal of Audiology 367 48(4): 222-232. 368 Di lorio, L, Clark, C. W. (2010
Parodi, M; Rouillon, I; Rebours, C; Denoyelle, F; Loundon, N
Psychogenic hearing loss, formerly known as functional or non-organic hearing loss, is a classic cause of consultation in infantile audiology. Risk factors include female gender, and age 8 or 12 years. Onset is relatively sudden, without impact on schooling or voice quality. Audiometric signs comprise non-superimposable audiometric thresholds (variable audiometric results), bilaterality, flat mean audiometric curve, and discrepancy between pure-tone and speech audiometry. The child needs reassuring during audiometric examination: attention-diversion techniques may be effective. Objective audiometry allows positive diagnosis, followed by rehabilitation and psychological care. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
Scheifele, Peter M; Clark, John Greer
Given the high incidence of deafness within several breeds of dogs, accurate hearing screening and assessment is essential. In addition to brainstem auditory evoked response (BAER) testing, 2 other electrophysiologic tests are now being examined as audiologic tools for use in veterinary medicine: otoacoustic emissions and the auditory steady state response (ASSR). To improve BAER testing of animals and ensure an accurate interpretation of test findings from one test site to another, the establishment of and adherence to clear protocols is essential. The ASSR holds promise as an objective test for rapid testing of multiple frequencies in both ears simultaneously. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Indra Thirugnanam; Arul Sundaresh Kumar; Padmanabam; Valarmathi; Ramesh
BACKGROUND Occupational settings and transport is the prominent sources of noise that affect health. Noise-Induced Hearing Loss (NIHL) is sensory neural hearing loss due to exposure to intense impulse or continuous sound. Exposure to noise can be occupational or non-occupational. The audiologic profile of NIHL is the presence of sensorineural hearing loss that is most pronounced in the high-frequency region between 3,000 Hz and 6,000 Hz of the audiogram and the greatest amount of ...
Eulalia Alfonso Muñoz; Santiago Alfonso Muñoz; Madelín Montes de Oca Díaz
Se realizó un estudio de 50 pacientes con antecedentes de trauma craneal, atendidos en Consulta de Audiología del Hospital Militar “Dr. Carlos J. Finlay” en el período de enero de 2002 a diciembre de 2003. Los pacientes presentaban secuelas cocleo-vestibulares, y entre ellos predominó el sexo masculino (62,0 %), la edad de 16 a 30 años (52,0 %) y las fracturas en la base del cráneo (según la naturaleza del trauma). A todos se les realizó un estudio audiológico detallado para deter...
Santurette, Sébastien; Dau, Torsten; Christensen-Dalsgaard, Jakob
It is well-established that hearing loss does not only lead to a reduction of hearing sensitivity. Large individual differences are typically observed among listeners with hearing impairment in a wide range of suprathreshold auditory measures. In many cases, audiometric thresholds cannot fully...... account for such individual differences, which make it challenging to find adequate compensation strategies in hearing devices. How to characterize, model, and compensate for individual hearing loss were the main topics of the fifth International Symposium on Auditory and Audiological Research (ISAAR...
Key performance indicators (KPIs) are important to managing any sustainable business. This tutorial provides audiologists, especially those with little formal business education, with a working definition of KPIs. A major theme of this article is that a relatively small group of about a dozen KPIs are an essential part of managing a successful audiology practice. The most useful KPIs for managing retail-oriented and medically oriented practices will be provided. Best practice benchmarks and how to use them to hire, coach, and train your staff also is covered.
Martínez-Wbaldo, María del Consuelo; Soto-Vázquez, Claudia; Ferre-Calacich, Ivonne; Zambrano-Sánchez, Elizabeth; Noguez-Trejo, Lucía; Poblano, Adrián
The aim of this study was to measure the frequency of hearing loss in a sample of typical public high-school students exposed to recreational noise, and determine associated risk factors. The sample was made up of 214 teenagers from a high-school in Mexico City; subjects were selected randomly per strata. We applied a questionnaire to identify risk factors for hearing loss and performed a battery of audiologic tests consisting of otoscopy, tympanometry, and pure-tone audiometry. The mean age ...
MacLeod, D. F., Anderson, V. L., Kasten, R. N., and Elliot, P. W., Biophysical and audiological variables in adults . Arch. Otolaryngol., 97:447-451, 1973...10,000 adult males in Israel. II. Physiologic, biochemical, and genetic characteristics, Am. J. Epi- demiol., 105(l):75-86, 1977. 41. Lane, N. E...Study, subjects categorized as ..- oD I 3 1473 EDITION OF I NOV SS IS OBSOLETE S/N 0102-014-6601 UNCLASSIFIED SECURITY CLASIFICATION OF THIS PAGE (Mo~en
Full Text Available Separation of the nasal and oral cavities by dynamic closure of the velo-pharyngeal port is necessary for normal speech and swallowing. Velo-pharyngeal dysfunction (VPD may either follow repair of a cleft palate or be independent of clefting. While the diagnosis of VPD is made by audiologic perceptual evaluation of speech, identification of the mechanism of the dysfunction requires instrumental visualization of the velo-pharyngeal port during specific speech tasks. Matching the specific intervention for management of VPD with the type of dysfunction, i.e. differential management for differential diagnosis, maximizes the result while minimizing the morbidity of the intervention.
Grimes, A M; Elks, M L; Grunberger, G; Pikus, A M
We studied three patients with adrenomyeloneuropathy. Complete audiologic assessment was obtained: two patients showed unimpaired peripheral hearing and one showed a mild high-frequency hearing loss. Auditory brain-stem responses were abnormal in both ears of all subjects, with one subject showing no response above wave I, and the other two having significant wave I to III and wave III to V interval prolongations. We concluded that auditory brain-stem response testing provides a simple, valid, reliable method for demonstrating neurologic abnormality in adrenomyeloneuropathy even prior to evidence of clinical signs.
Myra M Guerra Castro; Diancys Barrera Rivera; Carmen L Peña Casal; Elsa Boyero Palenzuela
Se realizó una investigación observacional, descriptiva, prospectiva, longitudinal de desarrollo. El universo de estudio lo conformaron todos los pacientes que acudieron a la consulta de Audiología del Hospital Faustino Pérez, los ancianos del Hogar de Matanzas, Colón y San Miguel desde Enero del 2007 a Enero 2008, con síntomas de origen cócleo vestibular. Las enfermedades del sistema cócleo vestibular en el adulto mayor constituyen actu...
Dazert, S; Shehata-Dieler, W E; Dieler, R; Helms, J
The adequate therapy for patients suffering from a sensory hearing loss consists of fitting electronic hearing devices. Conventional hearing aids, however, present with significant inherent drawbacks such as insufficient amplification in the high frequency range, problems with the ear mold (feed back, occlusion, external otitis), or distortion of sound with an "unnatural" hearing impression. The partially implantable middle ear device Vibrant Soundbridge provides a sound wave conversion into mechanical vibrations at the middle ear ossicles using the Floating Mass Transducer (FMT). The audiological advantages are due to a direct moving force to the perilymph via incus and stapes. The Vibrant Soundbridge system is indicated in patients with a medium to severe symmetrical sensory hearing loss and a normal middle ear. Candidates need previous experience with conventional hearing aids without satisfactory results. The eight operated patients report a "natural" quality of sound and speech, a better hearing perception at high frequencies and the absence of feed back phenomena. Audiological evaluation and questionnair results support the patients subjective hearing impression. The Vibrant Soundbridge improves hearing quality in patients with sensory hearing loss. The hearing implant is indicated in particular in patients that are unable to wear conventional hearing aids.
Seyede Faranak Emami
Full Text Available The objective of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the possibility that the saccule may contribute to human hearing. The forty participants included twenty healthy people and twenty other subjects selected from patients who presented with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo to Audiology Department of Hazrat Rasoul Akram hospital (Tehran, Iran. Assessments comprised of audiological evaluations, cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (cVEMPs, recognition of spoken phonemes in white noise (Rsp in wn, and auditory brainstem response to 500 Hz tone burst (ABR500 HZ. Twenty affected ears with decreased vestibular excitability as detected by abnormal cVEMPs revealed decreased scores of Rsp in wn and abnormal findings of ABR500 HZ. Both unaffected and normal ears had normal results. Multiple comparisons of mean values of cVEMPs and ABR500 HZ between three groups were significant (P<0.05, ANOVA. The correlation between RSP in wn and p13 latencies was significant. The peak-to-peak amplitudes showed significant correlation to RSP in wn. The correlation between RSP in wn and the latencies of n23 was significant. In high-level of noisy competing situations, healthy human saccular sensation can mediate the detection of low frequencies and possibly help in cochlear hearing for frequency and intensity discrimination. So, all human hearing is not cochlear.
Full Text Available With the geriatric population being the fastest growing segment of our society the number of elderly people with different levels of hearing impairments is increasing. According to the German Society of Hearing Impaired there are concerned 37% of the 60-69-year-old and 54% of the over 70-year-old. Furthermore the needs of the elderly are changing with augmented social activity and agility compared to former times: 80 is the new 70. After initial concerns about poor audiologic performance and added peri- and postoperative risks because of comorbidities, cochlear implantation is becoming more and more the method of choice also for postlingually deaf people of higher age. With the demographic shift there can be observed a trend reversal: the proportion of implantees is sliding from the young to the senior and duration of deafness at the time of implantation is declining (Battmer 2010. It is therefore necessary to investigate the impact of cochlear implantation on audiologic performance and quality of life in this growing age group.
Verkerk, M M; Wagner, R; Fishchuk, R; Fagan, J J
The present humanitarian crisis in Ukraine is putting strains on its healthcare system. This study aimed to assess services and training in otolaryngology, audiology and speech therapy in Ukraine and its geographical neighbours. Survey study of 327 otolaryngologists from 19 countries. Fifty-six otolaryngologists (17 per cent) from 15 countries responded. Numbers of otolaryngologists varied from 3.6 to 12.3 per 100 000 population (Ukraine = 7.8). Numbers of audiologists varied from 0, in Ukraine, to 2.8 per 100 000, in Slovakia, and numbers of speech therapists varied from 0, in Bulgaria, to 4.0 per 100 000, in Slovenia (Ukraine = 0.1). Ukraine lacks newborn and school hearing screening, good availability of otological drills and microscopes, and a cochlear implant programme. There is wide variation in otolaryngology services in Central and Eastern Europe. All countries surveyed had more otolaryngologists per capita than the UK, but availability of audiology and speech and language therapy is poor. Further research on otolaryngology health outcomes in the region will guide service improvement.
Sanders, Ana Paula; Dos Santos, Tatiane; Felipe, Cleusa Kimie Koike; Estevão, Maria Lucia; Cícero, Caroni; Evangelista, Fernanda; Manrique, Carlos Alexandre; Mizutani, Angélica Sayuri; Falavigna-Guilherme, Ana Lucia
We verified clinical and psychopedagogic aspects of congenital cases with ocular sequelae, 13 years after toxoplasmosis outbreak in Santa Isabel do Ivaí, and current seroprevalence of this zoonosis in pregnant women. Audiologic and ophthalmologic evaluations were performed in congenital cases, in addition to collection of clinical and psychopedagogic data. In pregnant women, current seroprevalence was observed. Among affected teenagers, 2 of 5 are behind in school grade, and 4 of 5 reported learning difficulties, requiring psychopedagogic monitoring, as well as ocular complaints. We observed predominance of small, scarred, dispersed, type II chorioretinal lesions (hypopigmented halo and hyperpigmented central area), and 1 case of ocular relapse. All patients presented normal audiologic assessment. Among 131 pregnant women, 62 (47.3%) were seronegative and 39 (29.8%) were IgG reactive. Only 1 reported acquiring infection during the outbreak. This is one of the few studies in Brazil showing the outcome of congenital toxoplasmosis, a decade after infection, in one of the world's largest outbreaks.
Kieran, S M; Dunne, J; Hughes, J P; Fenton, J E
Professional rugby players utilise various methods of head protection to prevent against the development of a pinna haematoma. This study tests the hypothesis that these measures, whilst preventing injury, decrease the wearers' hearing threshold and therefore their performance. Eight patients had free field audiometry performed in a soundproof room, with warble tones. All patients were young men (mean 24.75 years (range 22-34)). No participant had ear symptomatology or a past history of ear surgery. Three separate audiological assessments were performed on each patient: normal free field audiometry in a sound field room, following application of adhesive tape and whilst wearing a scrum cap. All measurements were performed by a single audiological scientist. A significant clinical drop in hearing threshold was defined as an increase of 10 dB. No patient demonstrated a significant drop in hearing threshold following the application of either tape or a scrum cap, nor was there a significant difference in the mean (SD) warble tone average: air 7.03 (5.47); tape 7.19 (6.40); scrum cap 6.56 (5.58). Theoretical concerns that "ear taping" and scrum caps affect hearing of rugby players are unfounded and should not discourage their use.
Cervera, Teresa; Soler, María José; Dasí, Carmen; Ruiz, Juan Carlos; Marco, Amparo
In this work we evaluated the difficulties in understanding rapid speech (normal, fast and very fast rates) in elderly listeners with and without hearing loss (presbycusis and moderate hearing loss). Rapid speech is common in daily communication, yet few studies have been conducted to assess this problem in Spanish-speaking listeners, as has been done for English speakers. We compared the recognition of sentences presented at normal, fast, and very fast speech rates in 3 groups of listeners. Recognition scores were correlated to their audiological measures and the score obtained on a Communication Difficulties Questionnaire. Compressed sentences were more poorly perceived in the 2 groups of listeners with hearing loss, compared to the normal group. Moreover, we obtained significant correlations among the 3 measures: recognition of rapid speech, the audiological measures, and the score in the Questionnaire. Our results suggest that rapid-speech recognition skills deteriorate in the presence of hearing loss, whether due to presbycusis or other moderate hearing loss in all frequency ranges.
Younger, R; Longridge, N S; Mekjavic, I
Subjective symptomatic and objective audiologic effects of reduced atmospheric pressure on patients with confirmed fluctuating hearing loss due to Ménière's disease were statistically assessed on a prospective basis. The effect of hypobaric environments on absolute hearing thresholds was investigated in 10 normal subjects at 6,500 ft. Absolute hearing threshold levels obtained at altitude, after one hour altitude exposure, and on descent to normobaric conditions were compared with levels obtained prior to the hypobaric exposure. The results indicated slightly increasing sensitivity of the audiometer headphones with altitude and an insignificant difference in hearing threshold when comparing the differing experimental conditions. The Ménière's disease study group of 16 patients was followed symptomatically and audiologically for one year prehypobaric exposure and for one month post-treatment. The results in this group utilizing the same experimental protocol as with normal subjects indicated a mild deterioration of hearing in the lower frequencies (1,000, 2,000 Hz and calculating the Ménière's pure tone average) despite significant improvements in the vertigo and disability components of their disease.
Ellis, Rachel J; Munro, Kevin J
The aim was to investigate whether cognitive and/or audiological measures predict aided speech recognition, both with and without frequency compression (FC). Participants wore hearing aids, with and without FC for a total of 12 weeks (six weeks in each signal processing condition, ABA design). Performance on a sentence-in-noise recognition test was assessed at the end of each six-week period. Audiological (severity of high frequency hearing loss, presence of dead regions) and cognitive (reading span and trail making test scores) measures were obtained and assessed as predictors of sentence-in-noise recognition with and without FC enabled. Twelve experienced hearing-aid users (aged 65-84 years old) with moderate-to-severe high-frequency hearing loss took part in the study. The results suggest that both auditory and cognitive factors can be predictive of sentence-in-noise recognition with conventional amplification. However, only auditory factors were significantly correlated with the degree of benefit obtained from FC. The strongest predictor of aided speech recognition, both with and without FC, was high frequency hearing loss. Cognitive performance was also a predictor of benefit from conventional amplification, but not of additional benefit from the use of FC.
Chaves, Juliana Nogueira; Libardi, Ana Lívia; Agostinho-Pesse, Raquel Sampaio; Morettin, Marina; Alvarenga, Kátia de Freitas
To verify the aspects of technical quality and the content of websites on neonatal hearing screening in Portuguese. Eighteen audiologists, invited to participate according to the inclusion criteria, selected descriptors of websites for research using the Delphi technique. Later, they were fed into Google Trends to get the possible terms to be used by parents in finding information on the Internet about the subject. They were then fed into Google to search the websites. The following assessment instruments were used: list of topics on newborn hearing screening, Flesch Reading Ease Score Formula, Health-Related Web Site Evaluation Emory Form, and PageRank. The most discussed topics in the 19 websites were on the objectives and benefits of neonatal hearing screening, as well as the process of audiological diagnosis. The least discussed were about the false-negative result, development of hearing and language, false-positive results, audiologic, interpretation of results - "Pass"/"Do not pass", retest, and protocol. Difficult reading level was prevalent, with aspects of technical quality considered the best quality-related content, audience, navigation, and structure. The results also showed there is no culture of inserting links on Brazilian national websites, so they had little relevance on Google. The sites differed in the aspects addressed because there is a need to revise the reading level of the content and quality of the technical aspects regarding the accuracy and timeliness of information, authorship, and links.
Zhao, Fei; Manchaiah, Vinaya; St Claire, Lindsay; Danermark, Berth; Jones, Lesley; Brandreth, Marian; Krishna, Rajalakshmi; Goodwin, Robin
The purpose of this paper was to highlight the importance of cultural influence in understanding hearing-help seeking and hearing-aid uptake. Information on audiological services in different countries and 'theories related to cross-culture' is presented, followed by a general discussion. Twenty-seven relevant literature reviews on hearing impairment, cross-cultural studies, and the health psychology model and others as secondary resources. Despite the adverse consequences of hearing impairment and the significant potential benefits of audiological rehabilitation, only a small number of those with hearing impairment seek professional help and take up appropriate rehabilitation. Therefore, hearing help-seeking and hearing-aid uptake has recently become the hot topic for clinicians and researchers. Previous research has identified many contributing factors for hearing help-seeking with self-reported hearing disability being one of the main factors. Although significant differences in help-seeking and hearing-aid adoption rates have been reported across countries in population studies, limited literature on the influence of cross-cultural factors in this area calls for an immediate need for research. This paper highlights the importance of psychological models and cross-cultural research in the area of hearing help-seeking and hearing-aid uptake, and consequently some directions for future research are proposed.
Sadeghi, André M; Cohn, Edward S; Kimberling, William J; Halvarsson, Glenn; Möller, Claes
The purpose of this study was to compare the genotype/phenotype relationship between siblings with identical USH2A pathologic mutations and the consequent audiologic phenotypes, in particular degree of hearing loss (HL). Decade audiograms were also compared among two groups of affected subjects with different mutations of USH2A. DNA samples from patients with Usher syndrome type II were analysed. The audiological features of patients and affected siblings with USH2A mutations were also examined to identify genotype-phenotype correlations. Genetic and audiometric examinations were performed in 18 subjects from nine families with Usher syndrome type IIA. Three different USH2A mutations were identified in the affected subjects. Both similarities and differences of the auditory phenotype were seen in families with several affected siblings. A variable degree of hearing loss, ranging from mild to profound, was observed among affected subjects. No significant differences in hearing thresholds were found the group of affected subjects with different pathological mutations. Our results indicate that mutations in the USH2A gene and the resulting phenotype are probably modulated by other variables, such as modifying genes, epigenetics or environmental factors which may be of importance for better understanding the etiology of Usher syndrome.
Wagenaar, M.; Rahe, B. ter; Aarem, A. van; Huygen, P.; Admiraal, R. [University Hospital Nijmegen (Netherlands)] [and others
Seventeen obligate carriers from nine families with autosomal recessive Usher syndrome type I underwent otological, audiological, vestibular, and ophthalmological examination in order to identify possible manifestations of heterozygosity. Linkage studies were performed and six families showed linkage to chromosome region 11q13.5 while 3 families have so far failed to show linkage to the candidate regions. Eight obligate carriers had an abnormal puretone audiogram. Two different audiometric patterns could be distinguished when hearing loss was corrected for age and sex. Four carriers (24%) had significant sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) which increased at higher frequencies. The other 13 carriers had SNHL of about 10 dB at 0.25 and 0.5 kHz, but less at higher frequencies. Vestibular findings were generally normal. Electrooculography demonstrated a significant lower mean light peak/dark trough ratio in Usher type I carriers compared to normal control individuals. The methods used in this study were found not to be specific enough to clinically identify carriers of Usher type I syndrome. Nevertheless it is remarkable that a number of obligate carriers showed significant audiological and ophthalmological abnormalities. 29 refs., 1 fig., 3 tabs.
Jerger, James; Silman, Shlomo; Silverman, Carol; Emmer, Michele
The reality of the phenomenon of binaural interference with speech recognition has been debated for two decades. Research has taken one of two avenues; group studies or case reports. In group studies, a sample of the elderly population is tested on speech recognition under three conditions; binaural, monaural right and monaural left. The aim is to determine the percent of the sample in which the expected outcome (binaural score-better-than-either-monaural score) is reversed (i.e., one of the monaural scores is better than the binaural score). This outcome has been commonly used to define binaural interference. The object of group studies is to answer the "how many" question, what is the prevalence of binaural interference in the sample. In case reports the binaural interference conclusion suggested by the speech recognition tests is not accepted until it has been corroborated by other independent diagnostic audiological measures. The aim is to attempt to determine the basis for the findings, to answer the "why" question. This article is at once tutorial, editorial and a case report. We argue that it is time to accept the reality of the phenomenon of binaural interference, to eschew group statistical approaches in search of an answer to the "how many" question, and to focus on individual case reports in search of an answer to the "why" question. American Academy of Audiology.
Brennan-Jones, Christopher G; Eikelboom, Robert H; Swanepoel, De Wet
Introduction Standard criteria exist for diagnosing different types of hearing loss, yet audiologists interpret audiograms manually. This pilot study examined the feasibility of standardised interpretations of audiometry in a telehealth model of care. The aim of this study was to examine diagnostic accuracy of automated audiometry in adults with hearing loss in an asynchronous telehealth model using pre-defined diagnostic protocols. Materials and methods We recruited 42 study participants from a public audiology and otolaryngology clinic in Perth, Western Australia. Manual audiometry was performed by an audiologist either before or after automated audiometry. Diagnostic protocols were applied asynchronously for normal hearing, disabling hearing loss, conductive hearing loss and unilateral hearing loss. Sensitivity and specificity analyses were conducted using a two-by-two matrix and Cohen's kappa was used to measure agreement. Results The overall sensitivity for the diagnostic criteria was 0.88 (range: 0.86-1) and overall specificity was 0.93 (range: 0.86-0.97). Overall kappa ( k) agreement was 'substantial' k = 0.80 (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.70-0.89) and significant at p audiometry provide accurate identification of disabling, conductive and unilateral hearing loss. This method has the potential to improve synchronous and asynchronous tele-audiology service delivery.
Eulalia Alfonso Muñoz
Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio de 50 pacientes con antecedentes de trauma craneal, atendidos en Consulta de Audiología del Hospital Militar “Dr. Carlos J. Finlay” en el período de enero de 2002 a diciembre de 2003. Los pacientes presentaban secuelas cocleo-vestibulares, y entre ellos predominó el sexo masculino (62,0 %, la edad de 16 a 30 años (52,0 % y las fracturas en la base del cráneo (según la naturaleza del trauma. A todos se les realizó un estudio audiológico detallado para determinar las lesiones que afectaron considerablemente su calidad de vidaA study of 50 patients with cranial trauma history that received attention at the Audiology Department of “Dr. Carlos J. Finlay” Military Hospital from January 2002 to December 2003, was conducted. The patients presented cochlear-vestibular sequelae. It was observed a predominance of males (62.0 %, of age 16-30 (52.0 % and of fractures in the base of cranium (according to the nature of the trauma. All of them underwent a detailed auditive test to determine the lesions considerably affecting their quality of life
This overview study provides information on important phoniatric and audiological aspects of early childhood hearing and language development with the aim of presenting diagnostic and therapeutic approaches. The article first addresses the universal newborn hearing screening that has been implemented in Germany for all infants since January 2009. The process of newborn hearing screening from the maternity ward to confirmation diagnostics is presented in accordance with a decision by the Federal Joint Committee (G-BA). The second topic is pediatric audiology diagnostics. Following confirmation of a permanent early childhood hearing disorder, the search for the cause plays an important role. Hereditary hearing disorders and intrauterine cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection, probably the most common cause of an acquired hearing disorder, are discussed and compared with the most common temporary hearing disorder, otitis media with effusion, which in some cases is severe enough to be relevant for hearing and language development and therefore requires treatment. The third topic covered in this article is speech and language development in the first 3 years of life, which is known today to be crucial for later language development and learning to read and write. There is a short overview and introduction to modern terminology, followed by the abnormalities and diagnostics of early speech and language development. Only some aspects of early hearing and language development are addressed here. Important areas such as the indication for a cochlear implant in the first year of life or because of unilateral deafness are not included due to their complexity. PMID:25587365
Timmer, Barbra H B; Hickson, Louise; Launer, Stefan
Acquired hearing impairment is recognized by the World Health Organization as the third leading cause of disability, with a mild impairment being the most prevalent. The aim of this study was to review research literature concerned with adults with acquired mild hearing impairment; the definitions and prevalence, the resulting activity limitations and participation restrictions, and hearing-aid interventions. This study involved a systematized review of research literature identified through searches in citation databases and through reference checking. A total of 151 papers were identified and of these, 33 papers were included in this review. Prevalence rates are significantly influenced by the definition used for mild hearing impairment, and range from 1 in 3 to 1 in 5 adults. The weak correlations between audiological assessments and self-reported difficulties suggest that further assessment of individuals with mild hearing impairment is warranted. The most common intervention is the provision of hearing aids with varying rates of use, benefit, and satisfaction. The development of appropriate audiological assessment in the clinic, and further evaluation of the real-world listening needs and performance of people with mild hearing impairment is required to provide a more effective pathway for this clinical population.
Siau, Richard T K; Dhillon, Baljeet; Siau, Derrick; Green, Kevin M J
This study aimed to report the bone-anchored hearing aid uptake rate and the reasons for their rejection by patients with conductive and mixed hearing losses. A retrospective review was performed of 113 consecutive patients with unilateral or bilateral conductive or mixed hearing loss referred to the Greater Manchester bone-anchored hearing aid (BAHA) programme between September 2008 and August 2011. 98 (86.7 %) patients were deemed audiologically suitable for BAHA implantation. Of these, 38 (38.8 %) had BAHA implanted; 60 (61.2 %) patients declined. Of those who declined, 27 (45 %) cited anxiety over surgery, 18 (30 %) cited cosmetic reasons, 16 (26.7 %) perceived limited benefit from the device and six (10 %) preferred conventional hearing aids. Our study highlights a 38.8 % BAHA uptake rate in audiologically suitable patients. The main reasons cited for rejection of BAHA were anxiety over surgery and cosmetic concerns. It is important that clinicians address these early during consultation with prospective BAHA recipients and avoid rushing to implant these patients with a bone-anchored hearing aid.
Fitzpatrick, Elizabeth M; Lambert, Linda; Whittingham, JoAnne; Leblanc, Emma
Up to 40% of children with hearing loss present with other developmental disabilities. The purpose of this study was to document the prevalence of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in children with permanent hearing loss, to describe the audiologic characteristics, and to examine clinical management. Prospective data related to clinical characteristics of children identified with hearing loss and ASD were examined. A retrospective chart review was also conducted to explore clinical management and uptake of amplification. The study included all children in one Canadian region identified with permanent hearing loss and followed from 2002-2010. Of a total of 785 children with permanent hearing loss, 2.2% (n = 17) also received a diagnosis of ASD. The 13 boys and 4 girls presented with a range of audiologic profiles from unilateral to profound bilateral hearing loss. Four of five children with unilateral hearing loss experienced progression to bilateral loss. Amplification was recommended for all but one child and 9 of 16 children continued to use their hearing devices. The higher prevalence rate of ASD in this clinical population is consistent with previous reports. Our findings suggest that some children with autism can derive benefits from the use of amplification.
Ciciriello, E; Bolzonello, P; Marchi, R; Falzone, C; Muzzi, E; Orzan, E
The latest international guidelines highlight the importance of involving the family in the diagnostic and rehabilitation process of children affected by permanent hearing impairment. This emphasises how meaningful this approach is for the development of the deaf child. So far, there is very little evidence about this approach in Italy, and there are still some barriers to its practical management. The aim of this paper is to report the results of a strategic analysis, which identifies the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of the family empowerment process during early auditory diagnosis and rehabilitation. The audiology programme should have the goal to offer information and support to families in order to achieve a conscious decision about the use and type of auditory prosthesis and rehabilitation choice within three months after audiologic diagnosis. Within the framework of the Ministry of Health project CCM 2013 "Preventing Communication Disorders: a Regional Program for Early Identification, Intervention and Care of Hearing Impaired Children", a group of professionals identified three main recommendations that can be useful to foster the natural communicative development of the child by strengthening the therapeutic alliance and empowerment of the family. The recommendations obtained with this analysis can help to develop new Italian guidelines with the aim to foster natural communicative development of the child by strengthening the therapeutic alliance and empowerment of the family. © Copyright by Società Italiana di Otorinolaringologia e Chirurgia Cervico-Facciale.
Jordan, Victoria A; Sidman, James D
To determine the prevalence of long-term hearing loss in patients with cleft palate who fail their universal newborn hearing screen. The study is a retrospective chart review from a tertiary pediatric center and tertiary children's hospital. Newborns with cleft palate born between January 2002 and July 2012 were identified from a pediatric otolaryngology practice database. This cohort was then reduced to include only those patients who referred their universal newborn hearing screen. Postpressure equalization tube audiology results, follow-up audiology results, type of cleft, and comorbid conditions were collected for each patient who was both born with a cleft palate and referred their universal newborn hearing screen. A total of 317 newborns presented to the pediatric otolaryngology practice for cleft palate, with 89 (28%) having documented referred universal newborn hearing screen. At the time of data collection, 67 (75%) of 89 had normal hearing results, whereas 22 (25%) of 89 did not yet have normal hearing results. Fourteen patients had permanent hearing loss, and all 14 had a comorbid condition. Type of cleft and presence of a comorbid condition were correlated to hearing outcomes. Newborns with cleft palate who refer their universal newborn hearing screen could postpone diagnostic hearing testing until after placement of pressure equalization tubes, unless there is a clue to permanent hearing loss such as a comorbid condition. © 2014 The American Laryngological, Rhinological and Otological Society, Inc.
Rahne, Torsten; Götze, Gerrit; Pein, M Katharina
With bone-anchored hearing systems the implant-bone junction is critical for the transmission of mechanical vibrations to the skull. The implant stability might differ between available and widely applied implants and can be estimated by resonance frequency analysis. The implant stability and the audiological performance of ten adult long-time users where a bone-anchored hearing system was connected by an Baha osseointegrated implant (Cochlear Ltd, Mölnlycke, Sweden) were compared with the implant stability of fourteen adult patients provided with a Ti-epiplating osteosysthesis system (Medicon, Tuttlingen, Germany). The acute implant stability was compared between these two implants with one cadaveric skull. The results show higher resonance frequencies and thus higher implant stability for the osseointegrating system of both, measuring acute and after long-time use of the implants. The audiological outcomes show frequency dependent differences between both systems as determined by comparing pure-tone bone-conduction audiometry. However, measuring thresholds by a direct stimulation of the implant reveals better hearing with low frequencies for the osseointegrated system and for high frequencies with the osteosysthesis system. At all, the implant selection has an impact on the implant stability and on the pure-tone hearing. Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier GmbH.
Full Text Available An eye-tracking paradigm was developed for use in audiology in order to enable online analysis of the speech comprehension process. This paradigm should be useful in assessing impediments in speech processing. In this paradigm, two scenes, a target picture and a competitor picture, were presented simultaneously with an aurally presented sentence that corresponded to the target picture. At the same time, eye fixations were recorded using an eye-tracking device. The effect of linguistic complexity on language processing time was assessed from eye fixation information by systematically varying linguistic complexity. This was achieved with a sentence corpus containing seven German sentence structures. A novel data analysis method computed the average tendency to fixate the target picture as a function of time during sentence processing. This allowed identification of the point in time at which the participant understood the sentence, referred to as the decision moment. Systematic differences in processing time were observed as a function of linguistic complexity. These differences in processing time may be used to assess the efficiency of cognitive processes involved in resolving linguistic complexity. Thus, the proposed method enables a temporal analysis of the speech comprehension process and has potential applications in speech audiology and psychoacoustics.
Full Text Available About 10 % of a population have a hearing loss. Combining analytical resources from two interdisciplinary field – Science and Technology Studies and Disability Studies - this thesis investigates the complex interplay between people, technologies and material surroundings. The aim is to learn about how hearing disability becomes ordered in policy making, audiological practice, and everyday life. Disability has traditionally been treated as a physical defect, a problem that can be compensated for utilizing medicine and assistive technologies. Over the last decades, disability policy has undergone a discursive shift. Today, disability is conceptualized as a natural part of societal diversity. Thus, rather than normalizing the disabled individual, society should enable the full inclusion and participation of disabled people in societal life. But how to realize the vision of the universal society? How to translate social rights into empowering medical consultation, enabling technical aids, including material surroundings, and respectful social relations among the people that live and work with hearing disability? Following policy to practice; hearing aids from design to use, and hard of hearing people from the audiological clinic and home, this investigates the transition from disability policy to practice. The result is a comparative, qualitative study of hearing loss in Norway and the Netherlands.
Mamo, Sara K; Oh, Esther; Lin, Frank R
For many adults with dementia, age-related hearing loss is undiagnosed and/or untreated. Untreated hearing loss can exacerbate common dementia-related behavioral symptoms, such as depression, apathy, agitation. Despite the potential benefits to the individual and the family, pursuing and adopting hearing aids for persons with dementia presents with many challenges. As such, this group of vulnerable older adults is well suited for alternative approaches that adopt an interventional audiology framework. This article reviews alternative hearing care models that we have tested when working with older adults with cognitive impairments. We have found that some individuals show improvements in dementia-related problem behaviors and/or in measures of social engagement after brief aural rehabilitation interventions that provide non-custom amplification. We have developed simple training materials to help family and professional caregivers use communication strategies and non-custom amplification. Providing services that can be integrated into the person's broader dementia care has the potential to improve communication and quality of life for individuals and families. There are opportunities in this population to provide basic, simple strategies and make substantial improvements as long as we adopt approaches that bring the services to the people, instead of bringing the people to us in the audiology clinic.
Hutchison, Barbara; Covan, Eleanor K; Bogus, Janet C
We used a novel approach allowing participants in this study to self-monitor their hearing sensitivity to familiar sounds in the environment. The objective of this approach was to establish whether participants in the 80-89 and 90-99 age groups would recognize the degree of their hearing impairment. It was our hope that participants would value audiology treatment and that it would improve their quality of life over a short period. The pilot study took place in a clinical environment where participants answered survey questions before and after audiology treatment, which pertained to their hearing impairment, morale, social support, and life satisfaction. Caregivers were included in the research to rate and record participants' problem behaviors (e.g., shouting, anger, agitation, repetitive speech dialog, and depression) before, during, and after treatment. This research validates other scientists' findings that annoying problem behaviors may actually be the result of hearing loss because of a person's inability to recognize speech. The pilot study shows that participants with mild dementia adapted well to speech and sounds in the natural environment without agitation as well as to management of hearing aids within a 30-day period. The participants with moderate dementia were slower to adapt. All participants with dementia required the cooperation of their caregivers to maintain hygiene of ear canals and hearing aids and insertion. This study suggests that the sooner people receive treatment for hearing loss, the quicker they are to recognize speech and to master hearing aid technology.
Full Text Available Introduction Optimization of the selection, adaptation, and benefit of hearing aids is necessary to characterize and manage hearing loss, user expectations, otolaryngologic symptoms, and systemic comorbidities. Objective To compare the occurrence of otologic complaints, systemic diseases, and effective use of hearing aids in men and women with deafness. Methods Patients from a Unified Health System–accredited hearing health service, who reported problems in adapting to their hearing aids, were evaluated by a physician and audiologist. An anamnesis, ENT evaluation, and audiological evaluation were performed. Results During the data collection period, 278 subjects came in for follow-up visits; of these, 61 (21% reported otologic or operational problems with their equipment. The most prevalent type of hearing loss was basocochlear, a characteristic of presbycusis, in both men and women; the most frequently reported comorbidities were hypercholesterolemia (more significant in women and hypertension (more significant in men. Fourteen subjects reported using their device discontinuously, with no significant difference between genders; the reasons for discontinuation of use were itching and ringing, with more complaints from women. Conclusion The incidence of systemic and audiological complaints is high in this population. These patients should be evaluated thoroughly, as resolutions of these complaints can contribute to improving the quality of life and assist in the process of hearing aid fitting.
Fernandes, Natália Martinez
Full Text Available Introduction The manipulation of antineoplastic drugs presents high risk for accidents and occupational diseases. Objective To evaluate the auditory and vestibular systems of workers who are exposed to chemotherapeutic treatment in the University Hospital of Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Brazil, and to identify the use of individual protection equipment, related to the obtained results. Methods This study is a cross-sectional study using a quantitative method. We evaluate 33 male and female workers, ranging from 21–60 years old, of the nursing and pharmacy sectors. The workers underwent conventional Audiologic Assessment; Transient Evoked Otoacoustic Emissions; and Computerized Vectoelectronystagmography. Results The majority of the sample was female (90.9%. Individual protection equipment was used by 90.9% of the workers. Complaints of dizziness were reported by 56.25% of nursing workers and 52.94% of pharmacy workers. Audiological and vestibular assessment results were within normal limits, 96.97% and 74.20%, respectively. However, audiometric configuration of notch type was identified in 75.75% of all workers. Audiometric notches (76% and altered caloric test (100% were often associated with decreased use of coal masks. Conclusion Among the workers evaluated, the vestibulocochlear system was within the normal limits. The presence of notch configuration indicates the need to use individual protection equipment.
Souza, Pamela E; Sirow, Lynn
Several laboratory studies have demonstrated that working memory may influence response to compression speed in controlled (i.e., laboratory) comparisons of compression. In this study, the authors explored whether the same relationship would occur under less controlled conditions, as might occur in a typical audiology clinic. Participants included 27 older adults who sought hearing care in a private practice audiology clinic. Working memory was measured for each participant using a reading span test. The authors examined the relationship between working memory and aided speech recognition in noise, using clinically fit hearing aids with a range of compression speeds. Working memory, amount of hearing loss, and age each contributed to speech recognition, but the contribution depended on the speed of the compression processor. For fast-acting compression, the best performance was obtained by patients with high working memory. For slow-acting compression, speech recognition was affected by age and amount of hearing loss but was not affected by working memory. Despite the expectation of greater variability from differences in compression implementation, number of compression channels, or attendant signal processing, the relationship between working memory and compression speed showed a similar pattern as results from more controlled, laboratory-based studies.
Foster, P K
To assess an alternative to bed rest and surgery for suspected perilymphatic fistulas using intratympanic blood injections. A review was conducted of patients' history, physical and audiometric data, before and after treatment by intratympanic blood injections performed from 2009 to 2015. Twelve ears were identified, with trauma associated with air travel, water sports or nose blowing. Ten of these cases had hearing loss, six had vestibular symptoms. Four cases had audiological and vestibular symptoms, two had vestibular symptoms only, and six had audiological symptoms only. Time-to-treat varied from 1 day to 30 days. Magnetic resonance imaging scans were obtained for five cases. Ten cases received steroids. Six out of seven cases showed improvement of hearing loss. Five cases showed positive fistula test results, four with documented resolution. Seven cases had full resolution of all symptoms, four had near-full resolution and one had no improvement. Intratympanic blood injections offer an effective alternative to conservative or surgical therapy. Advantages include sooner time-to-treat, lower financial costs and decreased psychosocial burdens. It allows a more flexible and liberal use of a potential definite treatment for perilymphatic fistula.
Edizer, Deniz Tuna; Durna, Yusuf Muhammed; Hamit, Bahtiyar; Demirhan, Hasan; Yigit, Ozgur
To evaluate the effectiveness of malleus to stapes bone cement rebridging (MS-BCR) for Austin Kartush group A ossicular defects and compare the audiological results with incus interposition (IP) and incus to stapes bone cement rebridging (IS-BCR). Patients for whom type 2 tympanoplasty had been performed in a tertiary referral center were examined. Revision cases and those with graft failure were excluded. Three treatment groups were IS-BCR, IP, and MS-BCR. Preoperative and postoperative audiological results were compared. A total of 92 patients were enrolled. The IS-BCR was performed in 42 (45.65%), IP in 18 (19.56%), and MS-BCR in 32 (34.78%) patients. Postoperative mean air bone gap was 20.1 ± 9.8 dB HL and did not differ significantly between the groups (P = .271). Postoperative mean air bone gap less than 20 dB HL was achieved in 23 (54.7%) patients in IS-BCR, 10 (55.5%) patients in IP group, and 24 (75%) patients in MS-BCR group (P = .06). Mean closure in air bone gap was 14.0 ± 11.6 dB HL. The changes in mean and frequency-specific air bone gap were not significantly different between treatment groups (P > .05). Malleus to stapes bone cement rebridging may provide hearing results comparable to IS-BCR and IP. © The Author(s) 2015.
Zeigelboim, Bianca Simone
Full Text Available Introduction The cervical spine is a flexible link between the sensory platform of the skull and torso. The fundamental principle of its operation is due to the balance between muscle strength and flexibility, and any dysfunction of this balance causes neck pain, known as cervicalgia. Objective The objective of this study is to analyze the most prevalent neurotological findings in adults with neck pain. Method A cross-sectional study in which 33 adults from 50 to 83 years of age with neck pain were evaluated and underwent the following procedures: anamnesis, as well as ENT, audiological, and vestibular exams. Results The most evident neurotological symptoms were dizziness (75.7%, tinnitus, neck cracking, tingling in the extremities, and auditory problems (36.3% for each. The most frequently reported clinical symptoms were related to cardiovascular (69.7%, endocrine-metabolic (48.5%, and rheumatic (30.3% systems. In the audiological assessment, 30 subjects (91.0% presented hearing impairment in at least one ear, with sensorineural impairment being the most prevalent (88.0%. In the vestibular assessment, there were alterations in 13 subjects (39.0% found in the caloric test. There was a prevalence of alterations in the peripheral vestibular system with a predominance of irritative peripheral vestibular dysfunction. Conclusion Neurotological complaints were frequent in this population, verifying the importance of these tests in the dysfunctions of the cervical region or the craniocervical junction.
Lassaletta, Luis; Calvino, Miryam; Sánchez-Cuadrado, Isabel; Pérez-Mora, Rosa M; Gavilán, Javier
Cochlear implantation in the poorer ear of an elderly patient does not predict poorer post-operative audiological, quality-of-life (QoL), and quality of sound results. To determine whether choosing the 'better' or the 'poorer' ear for cochlear implantation impacts performance outcome in an elderly population. Forty-two out of 73 elderly (≥ 60 years) cochlear implant users with some residual hearing in at least one ear were selected. Three criteria were used to group the patients as 'better' or 'poorer' ear implanted; (C1) based on previous use of hearing aid, (C2) pre-operative PTA, and (C3) pre-operative speech discrimination. The Glasgow Benefit Inventory (GBI) and the Hearing Implant Sound Quality Index (HISQUI) were used to measure QoL and quality of sound, respectively. The mean post-operative PTA was 38.7 ± 7.2 dBHL. In quiet, the mean disyllabic SDS at 65dBSPL was 75.4 ± 18.5, whereas the discrimination of sentences was 95.0% ± 6.9. The mean total GBI score was 30.9 ± 21.8, 92.9% of patients reporting a positive score. The mean HISQUI score was 111.3 ± 36.0, which corresponds to 'moderate' sound quality. No significant differences were found between both groups in terms of audiological outcomes, HISQUI scores or GBI scores when considering each of the three criteria.
Thorsen, Anne; Devantier, Louise; Ovesen, Therese
Hearing loss affects 1.5 of newborns in Denmark. New research estimates that genetic factors account for 60% of hearing loss present at birth or in early childhood. The growing knowledge of the genetic causes of hearing loss provides new potential in the diagnostic process, either as prenatal diagnostics (PND) by means of placenta biopsy or amniocentesis or as a supplement to the existing audiologic screening. The purpose of this study was to shed light on the attitude towards PND among the parents of 22 children who received a cochlear implant in the cochlear implant centre of Western Denmark. The parents received a questionnaire with questions on demographics and general attitudes and personal views regarding PND. In total, 42 persons received a questionnaire, 18 replied (41%). There was generally a positive attitude towards attaining early knowledge about the child's hearing status. The most significant reason for this attitude was that it would make it possible to prepare for having a deaf child. Only 6% thought that the obtained knowledge would lead to termination of pregnancy. In consistency with these parents' point of view, audiologic testing was implemented in Denmark in 2004. In future, screening for hearing loss would benefit from the addition of molecular genetic testing to detect late-onset hearing loss.