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Sample records for atrial septal puncture

  1. Persistent iatrogenic atrial septal defect after a single-puncture, double-transseptal approach for pulmonary vein isolation using a remote robotic navigation system: results from a prospective study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rillig, Andreas; Meyerfeldt, Udo; Kunze, Markus; Birkemeyer, Ralf; Miljak, Tomislav; Jäckle, Sebastian; Hajredini, Bajram; Treusch, Fabian; Jung, Werner

    2010-03-01

    Persistent iatrogenic atrial septal defect (iASD) after transseptal puncture for pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) has been described recently as a complication of PVI. No data exists evaluating systematically the incidence and clinical implications of iASDs after PVI using a remote robotic navigation system (RNS) with sheaths with a distinct larger outer diameter. In this prospective study, 40 patients with either paroxysmal (n = 22, 55%) or persistent symptomatic atrial fibrillation were treated with circumferential PVI using an RNS. In all patients, a single-puncture, double-transseptal approach was used to access the left atrium. Transoesophageal echocardiography was performed before and the day after PVI as well as after a 3 and 6 months follow-up (FU). The day after ablation an iASD was detected in 38 of 40 (95%) patients with a mean diameter of 3.45 +/- 1.5 mm. At 6-month FU, the iASDs were closed in 30 of 39 (78.9%) patients. During the 6-month FU period, no patient died or suffered from cerebral or cardiac embolism. After a single-puncture, double-transseptal approach for PVI using the RNS, iASDs show a high spontaneous closure rate of 78.9% after a 6-month FU period. Persistent iASDs following PVI with the RNS are not associated with an increased rate of paradoxical embolism or with relevant shunting.

  2. Atrial septal defects in Florida panthers.

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    Cunningham, M W; Dunbar, M R; Buergelt, C D; Homer, B L; Roelke-Parker, M E; Taylor, S K; King, R; Citino, S B; Glass, C

    1999-07-01

    Ostium secundum atrial septal defects (ASDs) were observed in six (3 M, 3 F) of 33 (20 M, 13 F) (18%) Florida panthers (Puma concolor coryi) necropsied by veterinary pathologists between 1985 and 1998. A seventh ASD was found in a female panther necropsied in the field and is included in the pathological description but not the prevalence of ASDs in Florida panthers. One panther (FP205) with severe ASD also had tricuspid valve dysplasia (TVD). Atrial septal defects and/or TVD are believed to have caused or contributed to the deaths of three (9%) Florida panthers in this study. Mean diameter +/- SD of ASDs was 9.0 +/- 4.7 mm (range 3 to 15 mm). Gross pathological changes attributed to ASDs/TVD in severely affected panthers (ASD > or = 10 mm) (n = 4) included mild right ventricular dilatation (n = 3) and hypertrophy (n = 2), mild to severe right atrial dilatation (n = 2), and acute pulmonary edema (n = 3). Panthers with mild ASDs (ASD < or = 5 mm) (n = 3) had no other detectable gross pathological changes associated with the ASDs. Histological examination of lungs of three panthers with severe ASDs revealed mild to moderate dilatation with fibrosis and smooth muscle atrophy of the tunica media of medium to large caliber arteries (n = 2), interstitial and/or pleural fibrosis (n = 2), perivascular fibrosis (n = 1), and acute to chronic edema (n = 3). Twenty-six necropsied panthers were examined one or more times while living; medical records were retrospectively evaluated. Antemortem radiographic, electrocardiographic, and echocardiographic examinations were performed on two panthers with severe ASDs (FP20 and FP205). Thoracic radiographic abnormalities in both included right heart enlargement, and in FP205 (severe ASD and TVD), mild pulmonary overperfusion. Electrocardiographic examination of FP205 revealed a right ventricular hypertrophy pattern, while FP205 had a normal electrocardiogram. Echocardiographic examination of FP20 revealed marked right atrial dilatation

  3. Surgical treatment of atrial septal aneurysm.

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    Wos, S; Bachowski, R; Domaradzki, W; Jasinski, M; Matuszewski, M; Ceglarek, W; Deja, M

    1996-12-01

    The atrial septal aneurysm (ASA) is a morphologic abnormality known to cause peripheral and pulmonary embolism. 28-52% patients with ASA have embolic events. However ASA -- with no other concomittant cardiac patology has rarely been reported as the indication for open heart surgery. In this work, five cases of patients operated for ASA are presented. Embolic complications with cerebral symptoms were presented in three cases. The diagnosis of ASA was established with the use of transesophageal echocardiography. The surgical correction of the defect was performed in extracorporeal circulation. The aneurysmal part of interatrial septum was excised and replaced with a pericardial patch. The postoperative course was uneventful. The patients have no new embolic events during the follow up period of one year.

  4. Cryoballoon ablation for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation in the presence of an Amplatzer Septal Occluder device

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    Jubran A. Rind

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Cryoballoon ablation of the pulmonary veins (CAPV has been demonstrated to be non-inferior to radiofrequency (RF ablation for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AFib. As CAPV requires a larger transseptal sheath than RF ablation, it can be challenging in the presence of an Amplatzer™ Septal Occluder (ASO device. Real-time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (RT3DTEE provides enhanced visualization of various complex cardiac defects and has revolutionized interventional procedures by guiding catheter positioning. We describe successful RT3DTEE guided transseptal puncture for CAPV of paroxysmal AFib in the presence of an ASO in a 53-year-old male.

  5. 50. Successful percutanous closure of spiral atrial septal defect

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    Mashail Abdulaziz Alobaidan

    2015-10-01

    An unusual morphology of atrial septal defect has been described where there is an apparently “double atrial septum” (Roberson, 2006. The terminology around this lesion has been attributed to be the wide separation of the primary atrial septum (primum septum from the secondary septum (septum secundum and the “spiral” spatial arrangement of the margins of the atrial septal defect (ASD has led to the term spiral ASD to describe this arrangement. This has been described to be associated with a high risk of device embolization or technical failure in the placement of an occluder device. We report the echocardiographic findings and outcome of a patient with this form of ASD in whom percutaneous occlusion was successful of which is considered up to date to be the first successful closure of this type of ASD.

  6. Three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography of the atrial septal defects

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    Romero-Cárdenas Ángel

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Transesophageal echocardiography has advantages over transthoracic technique in defining morphology of atrial structures. Even though real time three-dimensional echocardiographic imaging is a reality, the off-line reconstruction technique usually allows to obtain higher spatial resolution images. The purpose of this study was to explore the accuracy of off-line three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography in a spectrum of atrial septal defects by comparing them with representative anatomic specimens.

  7. Three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography of the atrial septal defects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roldán, Francisco-Javier; Vargas-Barrón, Jesús; Vázquez-Antona, Clara; Castellanos, Luis Muñoz; Erdmenger-Orellana, Julio; Romero-Cárdenas, Ángel; Martínez-Ríos, Marco-Antonio

    2008-01-01

    Transesophageal echocardiography has advantages over transthoracic technique in defining morphology of atrial structures. Even though real time three-dimensional echocardiographic imaging is a reality, the off-line reconstruction technique usually allows to obtain higher spatial resolution images. The purpose of this study was to explore the accuracy of off-line three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography in a spectrum of atrial septal defects by comparing them with representative anatomic specimens. PMID:18638394

  8. Atrial septal defects: Pattern, clinical profile, surgical techniques and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Atrial septal defect (ASD) is a congenital heart defect that leads to shunting of blood between left and right atria. It may be asymptomatic and sometimes may present with heart failure. Surgical repair is definitive, but currently non-surgical procedure is used to close the defect. Materials and Methods: It is a ...

  9. left ventricular inflow obstruction by giant atrial septal aneurysm

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ANEURYSM IN A NEONATE WITH HYPOPLASTIC RIGHT HEART. SYNDROME: CASE REPORT. C. YUKO-JOWI and C. A. OKELLO. SUMMARY. Atrial septal aneurysm remains a rare congenital cardiac malformation. In the neonatal age group it can occur as an isolated cardiac malformation or in association with complex.

  10. Left Ventricular Inflow Obstruction by Giant Atrial Septal Aneurysm in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Atrial septal aneurysm remains a rare congenital cardiac malformation. In the neonatal age group it can occur as an isolated cardiac malformation or in association with complex hypoplastic cardiac malformations of the right and left heart. In the adult population most aneurysms have been described in association with ...

  11. Pulmonary edema following transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect

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    Keerthi Chigurupati

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available We describe an incident of development of acute pulmonary edema after the device closure of a secundum atrial septal defect in a 52-year-old lady, which was treated with inotropes, diuretics and artificial ventilation. Possibility of acute left ventricular dysfunction should be considered after the defect closure in the middle-aged patients as the left ventricular compliance may be reduced due to increased elastic stiffness and diastolic dysfunction. Baseline left atrial pressure may be > 10 mmHg in these patients. Associated risk factors for the left ventricular dysfunction are a large Qp:Qs ratio, systemic hypertension, severe pulmonary hypertension and paroxysmal atrial fibrillation.

  12. Three-dimensional echocardiographic assessment of atrial septal defects

    Science.gov (United States)

    German, Charles; Nanda, Navin C.

    2015-01-01

    Echocardiography provides a useful tool in the diagnosis of many congenital heart diseases, including atrial septal defects, and aids in further delineating treatment options. Although two-dimensional echocardiography has been the standard of care in this regard, technological advancements have made three-dimensional echocardiography possible, and the images obtained in this new imaging modality are able to accurately portray the morphology, location, dimensions, and dynamic changes of defects and many other heart structures during the cardiac cycle. PMID:25566714

  13. Three-dimensional echocardiographic assessment of atrial septal defects

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    Charles German

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Echocardiography provides a useful tool in the diagnosis of many congenital heart diseases, including atrial septal defects, and aids in further delineating treatment options. Although two-dimensional echocardiography has been the standard of care in this regard, technological advancements have made three-dimensional echocardiography possible, and the images obtained in this new imaging modality are able to accurately portray the morphology, location, dimensions, and dynamic changes of defects and many other heart structures during the cardiac cycle.

  14. Percutaneous closure of atrial septal defect with situs solitus and dextrocardia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galal, Mohammed Omar; Khan, Muhammad Arif; El-Segaier, Milad

    2015-02-01

    Percutaneous closure of secundum atrial septal defect associated with situs solitus and dextrocardia has not been reported previously. We describe the technical difficulties encountered during transcatheter closure of a secundum atrial septal defect in a 19-month-old girl with situs solitus and dextrocardia. © The Author(s) 2013 Reprints and permissions: sagepub.co.uk/journalsPermissions.nav.

  15. Tetralogy of Fallot and atrial septal defect in a white Bengal Tiger cub (Panthera tigris tigris).

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    Pazzi, Paolo; Lim, Chee K; Steyl, Johan

    2014-03-04

    A 3-week-old female white Bengal Tiger cub (Panthera tigris tigris) presented with acute onset tachypnoea, cyanosis and hypothermia. The cub was severely hypoxaemic with a mixed acid-base disturbance. Echocardiography revealed severe pulmonic stenosis, right ventricular hypertrophy, high membranous ventricular septal defect and an overriding aorta. Additionally, an atrial septal defect was found on necropsy, resulting in the final diagnosis of Tetralogy of Fallot with an atrial septal defect (a subclass of Pentalogy of Fallot). This report is the first to encompass arterial blood gas analysis, thoracic radiographs, echocardiography and necropsy findings in a white Bengal Tiger cub diagnosed with Tetralogy of Fallot with an atrial septal defect.

  16. Tetralogy of Fallot and atrial septal defect in a white Bengal Tiger cub (Panthera tigris tigris)

    OpenAIRE

    Pazzi, Paolo; Lim, Chee K; Steyl, Johan

    2014-01-01

    A 3-week-old female white Bengal Tiger cub (Panthera tigris tigris) presented with acute onset tachypnoea, cyanosis and hypothermia. The cub was severely hypoxaemic with a mixed acid–base disturbance. Echocardiography revealed severe pulmonic stenosis, right ventricular hypertrophy, high membranous ventricular septal defect and an overriding aorta. Additionally, an atrial septal defect was found on necropsy, resulting in the final diagnosis of Tetralogy of Fallot with an atrial septal defect ...

  17. Different transseptal puncture for different procedures: Optimization of left atrial catheterization guided by transesophageal echocardiography

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    Andrea Radinovic

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Left atrial catheterization through transseptal puncture is frequently performed in cardiac catheterization procedures. Appropriate transseptal puncture is critical to achieve procedural success. Aims: The aim of the study is to evaluate the feasibility of selective transseptal punctures, using a modified radiofrequency (RF transseptal needle and transesophageal echocardiography (TEE, in different types of procedures that require specific sites of left atrial catheterization. Setting and Design: This was an observational trial in a cardiac catheterization laboratory of a teaching hospital. Materials and Methods: Patients undergoing different percutaneous procedures requiring atrial transseptal puncture such as atrial fibrillation (AF ablation, left atrial appendage (LAA occlusion, and mitral valve repair were included in the study. All procedures were guided by TEE and an RF transseptal needle targeting a specific region of the septum to perform the puncture. Statistical Analysis: The statistical analysis was descriptive only. Results: RF-assisted transseptal punctures were performed in six consecutive patients who underwent AF ablation (two patients, LAA closure (two patients, and mitral valve repair (two patients. In all patients, transseptal punctures were performed successfully at the desired site. No adverse events or complications were observed. Conclusions: Selective transseptal puncture, using TEE and an RF needle, is a feasible technique that can be used in multiple approaches requiring a precise site of access for left atrial catheterization.

  18. Iatrogenic intra-atrial macro-reenterant tachycardia following transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect treated by radiofrequency ablation

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    Ibrahim Marai

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Percutaneous closure of an atrial septal defect (ASD has been established as a safe and effective alternative to surgical management. We describe a case of a 41-year-old patient in whom an Amplatzer septal occluder device was used to close a moderately large ASD and who subsequently developed incessant intra-atrial macro-reenterant tachycardia. The tachycardia was terminated by radiofrequency ablation guided by electroanatomical mapping.

  19. Klippel-Feil syndrome associated with atrial septal defect.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bejiqi, Ramush; Retkoceri, Ragip; Bejiqi, Hana; Zeka, Naim; Maloku, Arlinda; Berisha, Majlinda

    2013-01-01

    Three major features result from this abnormality: a short neck, a limited range of motion in the neck, and a low hairline at the back of the head. Most affected people have one or two of these characteristic features. Less than half of all individuals with Klippel-Feil syndrome have all three classic features of this condition. The etiology of Klippel-Feil syndrome and its associated conditions is unknown. The syndrome can present with a variety of other clinical syndromes, including fetal alcohol syndrome, Goldenhar syndrome, anomalies of the extremities etc. Associated anomalies occur in the auditory system, neural axis, cardiovascular system, and the musculoskeletal system. Cardiovascular anomalies, mainly septal defects, were found in 7 patients in Hensinger's series, with 4 of these individuals requiring corrective surgery. In our case we have had registered a nonrestrictive atrial septal defect and corrective surgical intervention at age 18 months in the Santa Rosa Children's Hospital (USA) has been done successfully. Careful examinations of specialist exclude anomalies in other organs and systems. Radiographs and MRI of the thoracic and lumbosacral spine are obtained and other anomalies have been excluded.

  20. [A case of tricuspid pouch associated with ventricular septal defect and functional left ventricular-right atrial communication].

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    Watanabe, H; Maeda, K; Minowa, T; Shimasaki, T; Shimanuki, T; Kasuya, S; Sakashita, I; Takano, S; Kato, K

    1992-03-01

    We reported a 60-year-old woman with tricuspid pouch associated with ventricular septal defect and subsequent left ventricular-right atrial communication. Preoperative angiographic findings suggested the presence of membranous septal aneurysm, ventricular and atrial septal defects, and tricuspid insufficiency. However, at operation, besides perimembranous inlet type ventricular septal defect, a pouch, 1.5 cm in diameter was found in the adjacent part to the septal leaflet within the anterior one of the tricuspid valve. The ventricular septal defect was closed with a patch. From these findings, it is speculated that the tricuspid pouch was formed by the effect of jet stream through the ventricular septal defect.

  1. Clinically silent atrial septal defects with evidence for cerebral embolization.

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    Harvey, J R; Teague, S M; Anderson, J L; Voyles, W F; Thadani, U

    1986-11-01

    The cause of stroke in young patients frequently cannot be established. Eleven consecutive patients, age 50 and younger, had clinical evidence of cerebral embolization. Results of physical, radiographic, electrocardiographic, and two-dimensional echocardiographic examinations were normal in all patients. During normal respiration, eight of the patients had right-to-left shunts at the atrial level shown by microcavitation contrast two-dimensional echocardiography. Six of the eight patients with positive contrast studies had cardiac catheterization. Five of six patients had an atrial septal defect, normal right and left heart pressures, and small right-to-left shunts during a Valsalva strain. Four patients had surgical closure of the defect, which ranged in size from 5 to 10 mm. The remaining patients received anticoagulants. Interatrial communications appear to be common in young patients with stroke, suggesting paradoxical embolization as a possible mechanism. Contrast two-dimensional echocardiography should be done in such patients because it is the only noninvasive technique that reliably finds these defects.

  2. First successful totally endoscopic atrial septal defect closure with robotic assistance

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    А. Н. Архипов

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Median sternotomy has long been a conventional surgical approach in patients with atrial septal defects. However, with improvements in surgical techniques and introduction of new technologies, minimally invasive procedures are gaining more and more attention of surgeons managing congenital heart diseases. In this paper we introduce a case of successful totally thoracoscopic atrial septal defect closure performed by using the da Vinci surgical system in a 25-year old female.

  3. Total endoscopic robotic atrial septal defect repair in a patient with dextrocardia and situs inversus totalis

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    Iino, Kenji; Watanabe, Go; Ishikawa, Norihiko; Tomita, Shigeyuki

    2012-01-01

    Situs inversus with mirror-image of the heart is a rare condition. The present report describes a case of a patient with dextrocardia with situs inversus who had atrial septal defect with multiple holes in the fossa ovalis. The patient underwent total endoscopic atrial septal defect repair using the da Vinci surgical system. This procedure was achieved safely with good clinical and excellent cosmetic results. PMID:22200951

  4. Recent advances in managing septal defects: atrial septal defects [version 1; referees: 2 approved

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    P Syamasundar Rao

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this review is to discuss the management of atrial septal defects (ASD, paying particular attention to the most recent developments. There are four types of ASDs: ostium secundum, ostium primum, sinus venosus, and coronary sinus defects. The fifth type, patent foramen ovale—which is present in 25 to 30% of normal individuals and considered a normal variant, although it may be the seat of paradoxical embolism, particularly in adults—is not addressed in this review. The indication for closure of the ASDs, by and large, is the presence of right ventricular volume overload. In asymptomatic patients, the closure is usually performed at four to five years of age. While there was some earlier controversy regarding ASD closure in adult patients, currently it is recommended that the ASD be closed at the time of presentation. Each of the four defects is briefly described followed by presentation of management, whether by surgical or percutaneous approach, as the case may be. Of the four types of ASDs, only the ostium secundum defect is amenable to percutaneous occlusion. For ostium secundum defects, transcatheter closure has been shown to be as effective as surgical closure but with the added benefits of decreased hospital stay, avoidance of a sternotomy, lower cost, and more rapid recovery. There are several FDA-approved devices in use today for percutaneous closure, including the Amplatzer® Septal Occluder (ASO, Amplatzer® Cribriform device, and Gore HELEX® device. The ASO is most commonly used for ostium secundum ASDs, the Gore HELEX® is useful for small to medium-sized defects, and the cribriform device is utilized for fenestrated ASDs. The remaining types of ASDs usually require surgical correction. All of the available treatment modes are safe and effective and prevent the development of further cardiac complications.

  5. Visualization of atrial septal aneurysm and patent foramen ovale by three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography.

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    Najib, Mohammad Q; Ganji, Jhansi L; Chaliki, Hari P

    2016-12-01

    : Transesophageal echocardiography is frequently performed for further evaluation of sources of embolism and better evaluation of atrial septum in patients with cerebral ishemic events. Although two-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography can depict atrial septal aneurysm and patent foramen ovale, the full extent of the patent foramen ovale cannot be easily discerned in some cases. We describe a patient with transient cerebral ischemia where three-dimensional echocardiography provided incremental value when compared to two-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography in the assessment of atrial septal aneurysm and patent foramen ovale.

  6. Long-term mortality in patients with atrial septal defect

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nyboe, Camilla; Karunanithi, Zarmiga; Nielsen-Kudsk, Jens Erik

    2017-01-01

    Aims: In this nationwide cohort of atrial septal defect (ASD) patients, the largest to date, we report the longest follow-up time with and without closure in childhood and adulthood compared with a general population cohort. Methods and results: Using population-based registries, we included Danish...... of ASD patients with that of a birth year and sex matched general population cohort. The median follow-up from ASD diagnosis was 18.1 years (range 1-53 years). Patients with ASD had a higher mortality [adjusted hazard ratio (HR): 1.7; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.5-1.9] compared with the general...... population cohort. The adjusted HR 30 days after closure was 1.4 (95% CI: 1.2-1.7), and it was 2.4 (95% CI: 2.0-2.9) for patients without closure. Conclusion: Overall, ASD patients had a higher long-term mortality than a general population cohort matched on birth year and gender. Our data indicate a lower...

  7. Robotic-assisted endoscopic atrial septal defect closure: analysis of 115 cases in a single center.

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    Yang, Ming; Gao, Changqing; Xiao, Cangsong

    2012-06-01

    To summarize the experience with the application of robotic technique in totally endoscopic atrial septal defect closure in a single center. Between January 2007 and September 2011, 115 patients with the diagnosis of secundum type atrial septal defects underwent robotic atrial septal defect repair with the assistance of da Vinci surgical system. The patients had a median age of 35 years and a median defect diameter of 28 mm. Cardiopulmonary bypass was established via peripheral cannulation. Via three 8-mm ports and one 15-mm port in the right chest, the surgeon manipulated the microinstruments to complete the defect closure with or without tricuspid valve plasty. Echocardiography was performed intraoperatively, before discharge and at 30 days after the operation. Atrial septal defect closure was completed on arrested heart in 44 patients and on beating heart in 61 patients. No deaths or conversions to alternate techniques occurred in these cases. No residual shunt was detected by intraoperative or postoperative echocardiography. The mean operating time and cardiopulmonary bypass time on bearing heart group were significantly shorter than those on arrested heart group. The median ventilation time, intensive care unit stay, drainage volume, or length of hospital stay showed no significant differences between the two groups. Secundum type atrial septal defect closure can be successfully performed with the assistance of the robotic system with good surgical results.

  8. Sinus Venosus Atrial Septal Defect Complicated by Eisenmenger Syndrome and the Role of Vasodilator Therapy

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    Amornpol Anuwatworn

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Sinus venosus atrial septal defect is a rare congenital, interatrial communication defect at the junction of the right atrium and the vena cava. It accounts for 5–10% of cases of all atrial septal defects. Due to the rare prevalence and anatomical complexity, diagnosing sinus venous atrial septal defects poses clinical challenges which may delay diagnosis and treatment. Advanced cardiac imaging studies are useful tools to diagnose this clinical entity and to delineate the anatomy and any associated communications. Surgical correction of the anomaly is the primary treatment. We discuss a 43-year-old Hispanic female patient who presented with dyspnea and hypoxia following a laparoscopic myomectomy. She had been diagnosed with peripartum cardiomyopathy nine years ago at another hospital. Transesophageal echocardiography and computed tomographic angiography of the chest confirmed a diagnosis of sinus venosus atrial septal defect. She was also found to have pulmonary arterial hypertension and Eisenmenger syndrome. During a hemodynamic study, she responded to vasodilator and she was treated with Ambrisentan and Tadalafil. After six months, her symptoms improved and her pulmonary arterial hypertension decreased. We also observed progressive reversal of the right-to-left shunt. This case illustrates the potential benefit of vasodilator therapy in reversing Eisenmenger physiology, which may lead to surgical repair of the atrial septal defect as the primary treatment.

  9. Anatomy of a wrong diagnosis: false Sinus Venosus Atrial Septal Defect

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    Montresor Graziano

    2003-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract In contrast with transthoracic echocardiography, transesophageal echocardiography provides a sure way to make the diagnosis of sinus venosus atrial septal defect; on the other hand this abnormality is more complex than that seen with the secundum atrial septal defect, and inexperienced operators may fail to recognize properly the defect. In front of a high reported sensitivity using transesophageal echocardiography, specificity is difficult to assess, due to possible underreporting of diagnostic errors. We describe a false positive diagnosis of sinus venosus atrial septal defect, in the setting of enlarged right chambers of the heart because of pressure overload. Modified anatomy of the heart, together with the presence of a prominent linear structure(probably Eustachian Valve and an incomplete examination in this case made image interpretation very prone to misinterpretation. In this anatomical setting transesophageal longitudinal "bicaval" view may be sub-optimal for examining the atrial septum, potentially showing false images that need to be known for correct image interpretation. Nonetheless, a scan plane taken more accurately at the superior level would have demonstrated/excluded the pathognomonic feature of sinus venosus atrial septal defect in the high atrial septum, between the fatty limbus and the inferior aspect of the right pulmonary artery; moreover TEE allows morphological information about the posterior structures of the heart that need to be investigated in detail for a complete diagnosis.

  10. Nickel hypersensitivity following closure of atrial septal defect: A case report and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dickison, Philippa; Harris, Victoria; Smith, Saxon D

    2018-01-29

    We present an unusual case where symptoms of headache and chest pain persisted for 3 years following the implantation of a septal occluder device for an atrial septal defect despite endothelialisation of the device. The patient was found to have nickel hypersensitivity on patch testing. Following the removal of the device the patient had complete resolution of headaches and chest pain up to 10 months post-explantation. © 2018 The Australasian College of Dermatologists.

  11. Successful closure of atrial septal defect by retrograde transarterial approach after unsuccessful transfemoral venous approach

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    Sadık Volkan Emren

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Although many of the ostium secundum atrial septal defects can be successfully closed by percutaneous transvenous approach, surgical method as well is preferred in some cases due to vascular reasons or due to the anatomical characteristics of the defect. Detecting ostium secundum atrial septal defect in a 26-year-old female patient, who presented with shortness of breath, percutaneous closure procedure was planned. During percutaneous closure, it was observed that guidewire and catheter persistently went towards patent foramen ovale because of quite flaccid structure of interatrial septum. For this reason, occluder could not be placed in the defect area. Before using the option of surgery for the patient, guidewire and simmons 1 diagnostic catheter were pushed forward towards to the left ventricle and then left atrium by transarterial approach through the femoral artery. Guidewire and the catheter were easily passed through atrial septal defect without passing through patent foramen ovale benefiting from the left atrial pressure. Occluder was retrogradely carried via transarterial route and successfully implanted in the defect area. Transarterial approach may be an alternative before surgery in selected cases in which percutaneous closure of atrial septal defect has failed.

  12. The role of cardiac MRI in the diagnosis and management of sinus venosus atrial septal defect

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    Madhusudan Ganigara

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Sinus venosus atrial septal defects (SV-ASDs are inter-atrial communications caused by a deficiency of the common wall between the superior or inferior vena cava and the right-sided pulmonary veins. The diagnosis can be challenging, especially in adults with delayed presentation. We present images that illustrate an example of the role of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMRI in the diagnosis and follow-up of a patient with SV-ASD.

  13. Surgical Outcomes of Congenital Atrial Septal Defect Using da VinciTM Surgical Robot System.

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    Kim, Ji Eon; Jung, Sung-Ho; Kim, Gwan Sic; Kim, Joon Bum; Choo, Suk Jung; Chung, Cheol Hyun; Lee, Jae Won

    2013-04-01

    Minimally invasive cardiac surgery has emerged as an alternative to conventional open surgery. This report reviews our experience with atrial septal defect using the da VinciTM surgical robot system. This retrospective study included 50 consecutive patients who underwent atrial septal defect repair using the da VinciTM surgical robot system between October 2007 and May 2011. Among these, 13 patients (26%) were approached through a totally endoscopic approach and the others by mini-thoracotomy. Nineteen patients had concomitant procedures including tricuspid annuloplasty (n=10), mitral valvuloplasty (n=9), and maze procedure (n=4). The mean follow-up duration was 16.9±10.4 months. No remnant interatrial shunt was detected by intraoperative or postoperative echocardiography. The atrial septal defects were mainly repaired by Gore-Tex patch closure (80%). There was no operative mortality or serious surgical complications. The aortic cross clamping time and cardiopulmonary bypass time were 74.1±32.2 and 157.6±49.7 minutes, respectively. The postoperative hospital stay was 5.5±3.3 days. The atrial septal defect repair with concomitant procedures like mitral valve repair or tricuspid valve repair using the da VinciTM system is a feasible method. In addition, in selected patients, complete port access can be helpful for better cosmetic results and less musculoskeletal injury.

  14. Percutaneous closure of congenital aortocaval fistula with a coexisting secundum atrial septal defect

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Loh, Poay Huan; Jensen, Tim; Søndergaard, Lars

    2012-01-01

    Congenital aortocaval fistula is a very rare anomaly. Clinically, it resembles conditions that cause left-to-right shunt of blood. We report a case of such anomaly in combination with a secundum atrial septal defect in a 13-month-old girl who presented with failure to thrive and exertional respir...

  15. [A case of subpulmonary membranous stenosis associated with atrial septal defect].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ono, Y; Momokawa, T; Shuto, K; Munakata, M; Suzuki, S; Koie, H

    1993-09-01

    The patient was a 5 years old male who had had the cyanosis and congestive heart failure from his neonatal period. Dopamine, digitalis and diuretics disappeared his symptoms and he had been followed up as the out-patient. Preoperative cardiac catheterization revealed atrial septal defect and moderately pulmonary stenosis with two-staged systolic pressure gradient in a right ventricular cavity. Right ventriculogram showed subpulmonary crescent-shaped, linear filling defect. Ventricular septal defect was not detected. He was underwent open heart surgery and subpulmonary membranous stenosis was found out. Pressure gradient across the right ventricular outflow tract was diminished by the resection of the membranous structure. Atrial septal defect without lower margin was closed directly. Postoperative course was uneventful. Right ventricular apical systolic pressure was decreased to the degree of 27 mmHg postoperatively.

  16. Value of the Ratio of Occluder Versus Atrial Septal Length for Predicting Arrhythmia Occurrence after Transcatheter Closure in Children with Ostium Secundum Atrial Septal Defect

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    Mei Jin

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Transcatheter occlusion has been applied to treat ostium secundum atrial septal defect (OS ASD since 1997. During the clinical practice, several postoperative complications including arrhythmia have been reported. This study aimed to evaluate the value of the ratio of atrial septal occluder (ASO versus atrial septal length (ASL for predicting arrhythmia occurrence after transcatheter closure in children with OS ASD. Methods: Six hundred and fifty-one children diagnosed with OS ASD underwent occlusion procedures after completing routine examinations. The onsets and types of arrhythmia both during and after the occlusion procedures were monitored. Treatments were given based on the individual types of arrhythmia. The binary logistic regression analysis and receiver-operating characteristic (ROC curve were used in the analysis of value of the ratio of ASO/ASL for predicting postoperative arrhythmia occurrence. Results: Transcather occlusions were conducted in 651 children, among whom 7 children had different types and degrees of arrhythmia, with an incidence of 1.1%. The types of arrhythmia included sinus bradycardia, atrial premature beats, bundle branch block, and different degrees of atrioventricular block. Normal electrocardiograph findings were resumed in these 7 patients following active therapies such as corticoids, nutrition, and surgeries. The binary logistic regression and ROC analysis suggested that the ratio of ASO/ASL exhibited an intermediate predictive value for predicting arrhythmia occurrence after occlusion procedures. A cut-off value of 0.576 in the ratio provided a sensitivity of 87.5% and a specificity of 76.2% with an area under the ROC curve of 0.791 (95% confidence intervals, 0.655-0.926; P < 0.05 in predicting arrhythmia occurrence after the closure procedures. Conclusions: The ratio of ASO/ASL might be a useful index for predicting arrhythmia occurrence after closure procedures in children with OS ASD.

  17. Atrial Fibrillation in Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy: Is the Extent of Septal Hypertrophy Important?

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    Park, Kyoung-Min; Im, Sung Il; Kim, Eun Kyoung; Lee, Sang-Chol; Park, Seung-Jung; Kim, June Soo; On, Young Keun

    2016-01-01

    Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a cardiac disease associated with a high incidence of atrial fibrillation (AF). Recent studies have suggested that interventricular septum thickness may influence the risk stratification of patients with AF. We evaluated the effects of septal hypertrophy on morbidity and mortality in patients with HCM. Patients were followed for a median of 6.1 years and were divided into two groups according to the extent of septal hypertrophy. A total of 1,360 HCM patients were enrolled: 482 (33%) apical or apicoseptal, 415 (28%) asymmetric septal, 388 (27%) basal septal, 38 (2.6%) concentric, and 37 (2.5%) diffuse and mixed type. Ninety-two all-cause deaths and 21 cardiac deaths occurred. The total event rates were significantly higher for patients with HCM with more extensive septal hypertrophy (group A) compared to those with HCM ± focal septal hypertrophy (group B), regardless of type (p<0.001). Arrhythmias occurred in 502 patients, with a significantly higher incidence in group A than in group B (p<0.001). Among patients with arrhythmias, the incidence of AF was significantly higher in group A than group B (p<0.001). In univariate Cox analysis, a greater extent of septal hypertrophy (p<0.001), E/E´ ratio (p = 0.011), and mitral regurgitation grade (p = 0.003) were significantly associated with developing AF. In multivariate Cox analyses, a greater extent of septal hypertrophy [odds ratio (OR) 5.44 (2.29-12.92), p<0.001] in patients with HCM was significantly associated with developing AF. In conclusion, a greater extent of septal hypertrophy is an independent predictor of progression to AF in patients with HCM.

  18. Prolonged postoperative desaturation in a child with Down syndrome and atrial septal defect

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    Renu Sinha

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available We report prolonged desaturation in a child with Down syndrome (DS and atrial septal defect due to undiagnosed interstitial lung disease. An 18-month-old child with DS was scheduled for bilateral lens aspiration for cataract. The child had atrial septal defect and hypothyroidism. He also had delayed milestones and hypotonia with episodes of recurrent respiratory tract infection necessitating repeated hospitalization. Preoperative evaluation was unremarkable. General anaesthesia and controlled ventilation using proseal laryngeal mask airway was instituted. He had uneventful intraoperative period. In the postoperative period, the child had desaturation 1 hour after surgery on discontinuation of oxygen supplementation by face mask, which improved with oxygen therapy. Supplemental oxygen via face mask was continued and weaned off over several days. On further evaluation, the child was diagnosed as having interstitial lung disease. He improved and discharged from the hospital 15 days after the surgery with room air saturation of 90%.

  19. Concordant familial segregation of atrial septal defect and Axenfeld-Rieger anomaly in father and son.

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    Calcagni, Giulio; Digilio, Maria Cristina; Capolino, Rossella; Dallapiccola, Bruno; Marino, Bruno

    2006-10-01

    The association of congenital heart defect and ocular malformations is involved in several genetic syndromes, metabolic diseases and environmental entities. We report here on father and son, both presenting with the combination of atrial septal defect and congenital ocular anomalies in Axenfeld-Rieger anomaly. The son had anterior iridotrabecular dysgenesis and posterior embryotoxon bilaterally, corneal leucoma and marked iridial vascularization at right. The father had bilateral anterior iridotrabecular dysgenesis, posterior embryotoxon and nystagmus, and corneal leucoma at left. No additional malformations were noted in these patients. The Axenfeld-Rieger syndrome seems to be a spectrum of developmental disorders. The present report confirms the existence of a specific Axenfeld-Rieger phenotype associated with congenital heart defect. Atrial septal defect is the anatomic type of congenital heart defect linked to this condition.

  20. Intracardiac echo-guided radiofrequency catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation in patients with atrial septal defect or patent foramen ovale repair: a feasibility, safety, and efficacy study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lakkireddy, Dhanunjaya; Rangisetty, Umamahesh; Prasad, Subramanya; Verma, Atul; Biria, Mazda; Berenbom, Loren; Pimentel, Rhea; Emert, Martin; Rosamond, Thomas; Fahmy, Tamer; Patel, Dimpi; Di Biase, Luigi; Schweikert, Robert; Burkhardt, David; Natale, Andrea

    2008-11-01

    Intracardiac Echo-Guided Radiofrequency Catheter. Patients with atrial septal defect (ASD) are at higher risk for atrial fibrillation (AF) even after repair. Transseptal access in these patients is perceived to be difficult. We describe the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of pulmonary vein antral isolation (PVAI) in these patients. We prospectively compared post-ASD/patent foramen ovale (PFO) repair patients (group I, n = 45) with age-gender-AF type matched controls (group II, n = 45). All the patients underwent PVAI through a double transseptal puncture with a roving circular mapping catheter technique guided by intracardiac echocardiography (ICE). The short-term (3 months) and long-term (12 month) failure rates were assessed. In group I, 23 (51%) had percutaneous closure devices and 22 (49%) had a surgical closure. There was no significant difference between group I and II in the baseline characteristics. Intracardiac echo-guided double transseptal access was obtained in 98% of patients in group I and in 100% of patients in group II. PVAI was performed in all patients, with right atrial flutter ablation in 7 patients in group I and in 4 patients in group II. Over a mean follow-up of 15 +/- 4 months, group I had higher short-term (18% vs 13%, P = 0.77) and long-term recurrence (24% vs 18%, P = 0.6) than group II. There was no significant difference in the perioperative complications between the two groups. Echocardiography at 3 months showed interatrial communication in 2 patients in group I and 1 patient in group II, which resolved at 12 months. Percutaneous AF ablation using double transseptal access is feasible, safe, and efficacious in patients with ASD and PFO repairs.

  1. Device closure in adults with atrial septal defect in Shiraz, a single center registry

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    Ostovan, Mohammad Ali; Kojuri, Javad; Dehghani, Pooyan; Razazi, Vida; Moarref, Alireza

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Successful closure of atrial septal defect (ASD) improves patients? functional class and exercise capacity. In this study we evaluate the safety and feasibility of percutaneous device closure of ASDs. Methods: Two hundred fifty six patients with significant ASD according to our criteria were enrolled. The patients were treated using nitinol wire mesh transcatheter devices. Complications were followed for a median of 2.5 years. Results: Success rate was 98.4% with 3 unsuccessful ...

  2. Short- and Mid-term Results of Atrial Septal Defect and Patent Foramen Ovale Occlusion with Starway Septal Occluder Device

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    J Kojuri

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: With a prevalence of almost 7% of all congenital heart diseases, atrial septal defect (ASD is a common condition. Patent foramen ovale (PFO is also a congenital heart disease which is frequently sustained into adulthood. Objectives: To study the feasibility of closure of ASD and PFU by Starway septal occluder device and the incidence of its inherent complications and procedural failure in 62 patients referred to our center. Methods: Starway septal occluder device was used for closure of ASD and PFO in 62 patients. After left and right heart catheterization, transesophageal echocardiography-guided closure was done for the patients with immediate recording of the results. Patients were followed for 6 months by transesophageal echocardiography for observing short- and mid-term complications. Results: The 62 studied patients were categorized into 2 groups. Group 1 included 31 patients (64% females with ASD (mean±SD age: 26.7±7.6 years. Group 2 consisted of 31 patients (35.6% females with PFO (mean±SD age: 53.5±12.4 years. Size of the right ventricle (RV annulus was significantly (P=0.005 decreased after the intervention in the ASD group. Overall 5 (8% patients developed post-intervention complications (transient ischemic attack, leg edema, and residual shunt and procedural failure—4 (13% in ASD group and 1 (3% in PFO group. None of the patients developed device-related thrombosis, significant arrhythmia, aortic regurgitation and pericardial effusion after intervention. Conclusion: Starway occluder device is effective and safe with very low short- and mid-term complication rates.

  3. Multicenter midterm follow-up results using the gore septal occluder for atrial septal defect closure in pediatric patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grohmann, Jochen; Wildberg, Christian; Zartner, Peter; Abu-Tair, Tariq; Tarusinov, Gleb; Kitzmüller, Erwin; Schmoor, Claudia; Stiller, Brigitte; Kampmann, Christoph

    2017-06-01

    To assess the safety and efficacy of the Gore Septal Occluder (GSO) used for device-closure of significant secundum-type atrial septal defects (ASD II) focusing on pediatric patients. The GSO is a patch-like double disc device. Due to its design, it is assumed to be safe, even when implanted in ASDs with deficient retro-aortic rims. Multicenter retrospective analysis of consecutive children and adolescents with a GSO in situ for at least 12 months according to a 1- to 4-year midterm follow-up. Hundred and seventy three pediatric patients were enrolled. At implantation, median age was 6 years (range 0.7-17.9), median body weight and length were 21 kg (6.4-95) and 119 cm (65-193). Median follow-up period was 20 months (range 12-51). ASD anatomy was comprised of single defects in 131 patients (76%), multi-fenestrated defects in 42 (24%), and deficient retro-aortic rims in 33 (19%). Follow-up confirmed an overall closure-rate of 95.4%. Small residual shunts were reported in eight patients (4.6%) without need for any re-intervention. Complications were classified as minor events both during the initial procedure (9 patients, 5.2%) and on follow-up (another 9 patients), including transient AV block II in three patients (1.8%) and four snare-retrievals (2.4%) during the initial procedure. Periprocedural and midterm follow-up data have shown the GSO to be effective and safe for ASD device closure in children and adolescents. GSO may be considered the first-choice device in deficient retro-aortic rims and multi-fenestrated defects, when covering most of the atrial septum is necessary. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  4. Five-year clinical and echocardiographic evaluation of the Das AngelWings atrial septal occluder.

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    Kay, Joseph D; O'Laughlin, Martin P; Ito, Kristin; Wang, Andrew; Bashore, Thomas M; Harrison, J Kevin

    2004-02-01

    The late outcome of patients treated with atrial septal occluder devices remains incompletely defined. The purpose of this study was to assess the late outcome (range 4-7 years postprocedure) of patients in whom the Das AngelWings septal occluder device was implanted in the atrial septum. We report the clinical and echocardiographic outcome, at an average of 5 years following the procedure, of patients treated with the Das AngelWings device used to close either a secundum atrial septal defect (ASD) or a patent foramen ovale (PFO). Thirty-two patients underwent successful percutaneous closure of an atrial septal closure, patent foramen ovale, or fenestration in the lateral tunnel of their Fontan with the Das AngelWings device between June 1995 and March 1998 at Duke University Medical Center. Two of the 32 patients were lost to follow-up. The remaining 30 patients were divided into 3 groups based on indication for device implantation. Group 1 consisted of 14 patients with a secundum ASD and predominantly left-to-right atrial shunting. Group 2 consisted of 8 patients who had a PFO and who suffered a thromboembolic event. Group 3 (compassionate use) consisted of 10 patients with multiple comorbid medical problems with predominantly right-to-left shunting at the atrial level causing hypoxemia. Eight of the patients in group 3 were severely ill at the time of device implantation. The 2 remaining patients in group 3 underwent AngelWings implantation for closure of right-to-left shunting through a Fontan fenestration. Mean follow-up was 59 months. There was no device embolization. No patient in the ASD or PFO/stroke group had a clinical complication. By radiographic examination, 2 of 27 patients had evidence of fracture of the nitinol framework at 2-year follow-up. Residual shunting was present in 44% at 24 hours, 20% at 1 year, and 18.8% at 2 years by use of Doppler color flow imaging and/or microcavitation echocardiographic studies. Mild mitral regurgitation caused by

  5. Evaluation of morphological characteristics of septal rims affecting successful transcatheter atrial septal defect closure in children and adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oflaz, Mehmet Burhan; Pac, Feyza Aysenur; Kibar, Ayse Esin; Balli, Sevket; Ece, Ibrahim

    2013-01-01

    Determining other echocardiographic predictors along with the measured atrial septal defect (ASD) size and evaluating the closure together with these predictors would increase the chance of success for transcatheter closure of ASD. To evaluate echocardiographic parameters affecting defect closure in children and adult patients with secundum ASD. In all patients, size of ASD, total length of atrial septum (TS), superior-posterior, inferior-posterior, superior-anterior and inferior-anterior rims surrounding the defect were measured by transesophageal echocardiography (TEE), and several measurement ratios were derived on the basis of TEE parameters. A total 216 patients with secundum ASD were included in this study. The device was successfully implanted in 65 children and 65 adults. Both in pediatric and adult cases, the ratio of successful closure was found to be significantly higher when the ratio of defect size to TS was ≤ 0.35, the ratio of superior-anterior (SA) rim to the defect size was > 0.75 and the ratio of inferior-posterior (IP) rim to the defect size was > 1.0. It was found that having more than one of these predictors in a single case increased the chance of closure success significantly (p rim to defect size > 0.75 and a ratio of IP rim to defect size > 1.0 were found to be echocardiographic predictors that could be used in successful transcatheter ASD closure both in children and adults.

  6. Deficient Surrounding Rims in Patients Undergoing Transcatheter Atrial Septal Defect Closure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kijima, Yasufumi; Akagi, Teiji; Takaya, Yoichi; Taniguchi, Manabu; Nakagawa, Koji; Kusano, Kengo; Sano, Shunji; Ito, Hiroshi

    2016-08-01

    The influence of deficient rims surrounding atrial septal defects (ASDs) in patients undergoing transcatheter closure has yet to be clarified. The aim of this study was to assess the influence of a deficient surrounding rim on the procedural success and clinical outcome of transcatheter ASD closure using an Amplatzer septal occluder. A total of 474 patients (mean age, 46 ± 22 years) with ostium secundum ASDs measuring ≤40 mm in diameter who had undergone attempted transcatheter closure using Amplatzer septal occluders from September 2007 to August 2013 were assessed. A comprehensive transesophageal echocardiographic examination was done to assess the morphologic characteristics of the defects in all patients. Subjects were classified into three groups by the extent and location of rim deficiency (rims (sufficient group, n = 101), patients with single deficient rims, (single group, n = 338), and patients with multiple rim deficiencies (multiple group, n = 35). There was a significant difference in the maximal defect diameter among the sufficient, single, and multiple groups (15 ± 6, 18 ± 6, and 29 ± 7 mm, respectively, P rim deficiencies as determined by transesophageal echocardiography, successful transcatheter ASD closure using Amplatzer septal occluders is more difficult to accomplish. However, if closure is successful, rim deficiencies rarely affect intermediate-term outcomes. Copyright © 2016 American Society of Echocardiography. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Classification of Atrial Septal Defect and Ventricular Septal Defect with Documented Hemodynamic Parameters via Cardiac Catheterization by Genetic Algorithms and Multi-Layered Artificial Neural Network

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    Mustafa Yıldız

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: We aimed to develop a classification method to discriminate ventricular septal defect and atrial septal defect by using severalhemodynamic parameters.Patients and Methods: Forty three patients (30 atrial septal defect, 13 ventricular septal defect; 26 female, 17 male with documentedhemodynamic parameters via cardiac catheterization are included to study. Such parameters as blood pressure values of different areas,gender, age and Qp/Qs ratios are used for classification. Parameters, we used in classification are determined by divergence analysismethod. Those parameters are; i pulmonary artery diastolic pressure, ii Qp/Qs ratio, iii right atrium pressure, iv age, v pulmonary arterysystolic pressure, vi left ventricular sistolic pressure, vii aorta mean pressure, viii left ventricular diastolic pressure, ix aorta diastolicpressure, x aorta systolic pressure. Those parameters detected from our study population, are uploaded to multi-layered artificial neuralnetwork and the network was trained by genetic algorithm.Results: Trained cluster consists of 14 factors (7 atrial septal defect and 7 ventricular septal defect. Overall success ratio is 79.2%, andwith a proper instruction of artificial neural network this ratio increases up to 89%.Conclusion: Parameters, belonging to artificial neural network, which are needed to be detected by the investigator in classical methods,can easily be detected with the help of genetic algorithms. During the instruction of artificial neural network by genetic algorithms, boththe topology of network and factors of network can be determined. During the test stage, elements, not included in instruction cluster, areassumed as in test cluster, and as a result of this study, we observed that multi-layered artificial neural network can be instructed properly,and neural network is a successful method for aimed classification.

  8. Concomitant ablation for atrial fibrillation during septal myectomy in patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bogachev-Prokophiev, Alexander V; Afanasyev, Alexander V; Zheleznev, Sergei I; Pivkin, Alexei N; Fomenko, Michael S; Sharifulin, Ravil M; Karaskov, Alexander M

    2017-09-01

    The appearance of atrial fibrillation is associated with significant clinical deterioration in patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; therefore, maintenance of sinus rhythm is desirable. Guidelines and most articles have reported the results of catheter ablation and pharmacologic atrial fibrillation treatment; nevertheless, data regarding concomitant procedures during septal myectomy are limited. The aim of this study was to assess the outcomes of concomitant atrial fibrillation treatment in patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Between 2010 and 2013 in our clinic, 187 patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy underwent extended myectomy. In 45 cases, concomitant Cox-Maze IV procedure was performed; however, obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy was the primary indication for surgery. Atrial fibrillation was paroxysmal in 26 patients (58%) and nonparoxysmal in 19 patients (42%). The mean age of patients was 52.8 ± 14.2 years (range, 22-74 years). Mean peak gradient was 90.7 ± 24.2 mm Hg, and interventricular septum thickness was 26.1 ± 4.3 mm. Mean atrial fibrillation duration was 17.3 ± 8.5 months. There were no early deaths. No procedure-related complications occurred with regard to ablation procedure. Complete atrioventricular block was achieved in 2 patients (4.0%). Mean crossclamping time was 61 ± 36 minutes. Peak left ventricular outflow tract gradient was 12.6 ± 5.5 mm Hg based on transesophageal echocardiography. The Maze IV procedure was used for ablation in all patients (radiofrequency ablation with bipolar clamp + cryolesion for mitral and tricuspid lines). Because of the atrial wall thickness (5-6 mm), applications were performed 8 to 10 times on each line. There were no cases of pacemaker implantation due to sinus node dysfunction. All patients were discharged in stable sinus rhythm. Mean follow-up was 23.7 ± 1.3 months. The rate of atrial fibrillation freedom was 100% (45

  9. Assessment of atrial septal defects in adults comparing cardiovascular magnetic resonance with transoesophageal echocardiography

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    Brown Michael A

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Many adult patients with secundum-type atrial septal defects (ASDs are able to have these defects fixed percutaneously. Traditionally, this has involved an assessment of ASD size, geometry and atrial septal margins by transoesophageal echocardiography (TOE prior to percutaneous closure. This is a semi-invasive technique, and all of the information obtained could potentially be obtained by non-invasive cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR. We compared the assessment of ASDs in consecutive patients being considered for percutaneous ASD closure using CMR and TOE. Methods Consecutive patients with ASDs diagnosed on transthoracic echocardiography (TTE were invited to undergo both CMR and TOE. Assessment of atrial septal margins, maximal and minimal defect dimensions was performed with both techniques. Analyses between CMR and TOE were made using simple linear regression and Bland Altman Analyses. Results Total CMR scan time was 20 minutes, and comparable to the TOE examination time. A total of 20 patients (M:F = 5:15, mean age 42.8 years ± 15.7 were included in the analyses. There was an excellent agreement between CMR and TOE for estimation of maximum defect size (R = 0.87. The anterior inferior, anterior superior and posterior inferior margins could be assessed in all patients with CMR. The posterior superior margin could not be assessed in only one patient. Furthermore, in 1 patient in whom TOE was unable to be performed, CMR was used to successfully direct percutaneous ASD closure. Conclusions CMR agrees with TOE assessment of ASDs in the work-up for percutaneous closure. Potentially CMR could be used instead of TOE for this purpose.

  10. Anesthetic management of Amplatzer atrial septal defect closure device embolization to right ventricular outflow tract

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    S Das

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Percutaneous device closure of atrial septal defect (ASD is an alternative treatment to surgery with advantages of avoidance of surgery, short procedure time, early discharge from hospital, and lower rates of complications. However, percutaneous device closure is associated with infrequent life-threatening complications such as device embolization. We report a case device embolization of the ASD occlude device into right ventricular outflow tract resulting progressive hypoxia. The role of anesthesiologist as a team leader in managing such emergency is discussed.

  11. Rotational Angiography Based Three-Dimensional Left Atrial Reconstruction: A New Approach for Transseptal Puncture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koektuerk, Buelent; Yorgun, Hikmet; Koektuerk, Oezlem; Turan, Cem H; Gorr, Eduard; Horlitz, Marc; Turan, Ramazan G

    2016-02-01

    Rotational angiography is a well-known method for the three-dimensional (3-D) reconstruction of left atrium and pulmonary veins during left-sided atrial arrhythmia ablation procedures. In our study, we aimed to review our experience in transseptal puncture (TSP) using 3-D rotational angiography. We included a total of 271 patients who underwent atrial fibrillation ablation using cryoballoon. Rotational angiography was performed to get the three-dimensional left atrial and pulmonary vein reconstructions using cardiac C-arm computed tomography. The image reconstruction was made using the DynaCT Cardiac software (Siemens, Erlangen, Germany). The mean age of the study population was 61 ± 10 years. The indications for left atrial arrhythmia ablation were paroxysmal AF in 140 patients (52%) and persistent AF patients in 131 (48%) patients. The success rate of TSP using only rotational guidance was (264/271 patients, 97.4%). In the remaining seven patients, transesophageal guidance was used after the initial attempt due to thick interatrial septum in five patients and difficult TSP due to abnormal anatomy and mild pericardial effusion in the remaining two patients. Mean fluoroscopy dosage of the rotational angiography was 4896.4 ± 825.3 μGym(2). The mean time beginning from femoral vein puncture to TSP was 12.3 ± 5.5 min. TSP guided by rotational angiography is a safe and effective method. Our results indicate that integration of rotational angiographic images into the real-time fluoroscopy can guide the TSP during the procedure. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  12. Comparison of transcatheter closure of secundum atrial septal defect using the Amplatzer septal occluder associated with deficient versus sufficient rims.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Du, Zhong-Dong; Koenig, Peter; Cao, Q-Ling; Waight, David; Heitschmidt, Mary; Hijazi, Ziyad M

    2002-10-15

    To evaluate the feasibility of transcatheter closure of secundum atrial septal defects (ASDs) associated with deficient rims (rim of 0 to 4 mm (n = 20), an inferior rim of 2 mm (n = 2), or a posterior rim of 4 mm (n = 1) as assessed by transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) or intracardiac echocardiography (ICE). Forty-eight patients with sufficient rims (>5 mm) who underwent closure served as controls. There were no differences between the 2 groups in ASD stretched diameter and device size (p >0.05). Of 23 patients with deficient rims, 17 (74%) had immediate complete closure compared with 44 of 48 patients (92%) with sufficient rims (p rims vs 94% for patients with sufficient rims at 24 hours and 100% vs 93% at 6 months, respectively). The fluoroscopic time and procedure time were longer in patients with deficient rims (13 +/- 7 and 72 +/- 26 minutes, respectively) compared with those with sufficient rims (10 +/- 4 and 61 +/- 22 minutes, respectively). No major complications were encountered either during or after the closure procedure in both groups. Thus, transcatheter closure of ASDs associated with small anterior, inferior, or posterior rims is feasible using an ASO. Long-term follow-up data are still needed to assess long-term safety and efficacy.

  13. Atrial septal aneurysm associated with additional cardiovascular comorbidities in two middle age female patients with ECG signs of right bundle branch block: two case reports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bakalli, Aurora; Kamberi, Lulzim; Pllana, Ejup; Gashi, Afrim

    2008-07-19

    Atrial septal aneurysm (ASA) is often associated with other atrial septal abnormalities, particularly with atrial septal defect type ostium secundum or patent foramen ovale. ECG signs of incomplete or complete right bundle branch block are known to be associated with atrial septal defects, however such correlation with other atrial septal abnormalities is not documented. We report here two cases of middle age female patients that presented with dyspnea on physical effort, right bundle branch block (RBBB) on ECG and ASA combined with other cardiac disorders. Transesophageal echocardiography revealed additional information to the ones obtained by surface echocardiography, in both cases. ASA associated with RBBB on ECG may serve as a hint for the presence of additional cardiac abnormalities, thus rousing the demand for a detailed cardiac investigation.

  14. Budget impact analysis of the percutaneous septal occluder for treatment of ostium secundum atrial septal defects in the Brazilian Unified National Health System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Senna, Kátia Marie Simões e; Sarti, Flavia Mori; Costa, Márcia Gisele Santos da; Nita, Marcelo Eidi; Santos, Marisa da Silva; Tura, Bernardo Rangel; Correia, Marcelo Goulart

    2015-08-01

    The aim of this study was to perform a budget impact analysis on the adoption of percutaneous occlusion of ostium secundum atrial septal defects in the Brazilian Unified National Health System. Costs were collected using micro-costing technique from medical records for each treatment technique (conventional surgery versus percutaneous septal occluder) at a public federal hospital specialized in high-complexity cardiology. The analysis showed that expenditures associated with percutaneous occlusion were lower than with conventional surgery, and sensitivity analysis confirmed the cost reduction in several scenarios, showing a significant budget impact with a 30% adoption rate for the percutaneous occluder (savings of approximately 1.5 million dollars per year). The study indicates that the adoption of the percutaneous septal occluder would mean cost savings of approximately 3.5 million dollars for the Brazilian public health system.

  15. Sinus venosus atrial septal defect: a rare cause of misplacement of pacemaker leads

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    Bodian M

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Malick Bodian,1 Fatou Aw,1 Mouhamadou Bamba Ndiaye,1 Adama Kane,1 Modou Jobe,1 Alioune Tabane,1 Alassane Mbaye,2 Simon Antoine Sarr,1 Maboury Diao,1 Moustapha Sarr,1 Serigne Abdou Bâ1 1Department of Cardiology, Aristide Le Dantec Teaching Hospital, 2Grand Yoff General Hospital, Dakar, Senegal Abstract: Routine implantation of pacemakers and implantable cardioverter defibrillators is not commonly associated with complications. However, in some cases we see misplacement of pacemaker leads which is most often related to the presence of underlying cardiac anomalies. We report the case of misplacement of a pacemaker lead into the left ventricle of a 56-year-old patient paced in VVI/R mode and with a tined type pacemaker lead because of a symptomatic complete atrioventricular block. Electrocardiogram showed a pacemaker-generated rhythm with a right bundle branch block pattern. Chest X-ray showed the pacemaker lead located relatively high in relation to the diaphragm. Echocardiography visualized the pacemaker lead in the left heart chambers (atrium and ventricle, hence confirming its aberrant course. Further, the defect causing its passage to the left heart chambers was a sinus venosus atrial septal defect. The patient reported no complication related to the misplacement of the lead. After a brief period of oral anticoagulation, the lead was inserted into the right ventricle by percutaneous technique. Keywords: pacemaker, lead misplacement, sinus venosus atrial septal defect

  16. Single Centre Experience for Percutaneous Closure of Secundum Atrial Septal Defect

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    Ramazan Aydemir

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Atrial septal defect (ASD is the most common congenital heart disease in adults and constitutes 5-10% of all congenital heart disease. Primary surgical closure has been the standard approach for many years with high success rate. Transcatheter closure of ASD in selected patients has became the contemprorary practice that has the advantages of short hospital stay and relative ease of prosedure. In this article, we reported the results of percutaneous closure of ASD in our center.
Methods: Between 2009-2011, thirty-two patients (mean age 36±18 years and 24 females who had secundum type ASD which detected by transthoracic echocardiography (TTE and transesophageal echocardiography (TEE were included in this study. Twenty-nine (90,6% patients were closed percutaneously. Tree patients were referred for surgery because of failure of percutaneous closure. Amplatzer Septal Occluder was used in 25 (86,2% patients and Occlutech device was used in other patients. All procedures were performed under local anesthesia. All of the patients were examined with TTE before the procedure and, at the 1st, 3rd, 6th and 12th month follow-up visits.
Results: Pre-operative mean pulmonary artery pressure was 33,3±7,5 mmHg and mean pulmonary to systemic flow (Qp/Qs ratio was 2,9±1,1. Mean ASD diameter measured by TEE was 20,1±6,6 mm and mean streched diameter measured by balloon catheter was 22,1±5,9 mm. Mean device size 24±6 mm (range 12-36 mm. In the follow-up period no major complication was observed, but mild to moderate residual shunt flow was detected in two patients (% 6,8.
Conclusion: Percutaneous ASD closure has been performed with high success and low complication rates in patients with secundum atrial septal defect in our center.

  17. Current concept of transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect in adults.

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    Akagi, Teiji

    2015-01-01

    After the introduction of catheter intervention for atrial septal defect (ASD) in the pediatric population, therapeutic advantages of this less invasive procedure were focused on adult through geriatric populations. The most valuable clinical benefits of this procedure are the significant improvement of symptoms and daily activities, which result from the closure of left to right shunt without thoracotomy and cardiopulmonary bypass surgery. These benefits contribute to increase the number of adult patients of this condition who have hesitated over surgical closure. In terms of technical point of view for catheter closure of ASD, the difficulties still exist in some morphological features of defect, or hemodynamic features in the adult population. Morphological features of difficult ASD closure are (1) large (≥30 mm) ASD, (2) wide rim deficiency, and (3) multiple defects. Hemodynamic features of difficult ASD are (1) severe pulmonary hypertension, (2) ventricular dysfunction, and (3) restrictive left ventricular compliance (diastolic dysfunction) after ASD closure. To complete the catheter ASD closure under these difficult conditions, various procedural techniques have been introduced. These are new imaging modalities such as real-time three-dimensional imaging, new technical modifications, and new concepts for hemodynamic evaluation. Especially, real-time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography can provide the high quality imaging for anatomical evaluation including maximum defect size, surrounding rim morphology, and the relationship between device and septal rim. In adult patients, optimal management for their comorbidities is an important issue, which includes cardiac function, atrial arrhythmias, respiratory function, and renal function. Management of atrial arrhythmias is a key issue for the long-term outcome in adult patients. Because the interventional procedures are not complication-free techniques, the establishment of a surgical back

  18. Off-pump atrial septal defect closure using the universal cardiac introducer®: creation of models of atrial septal defects in the pig access and surgical technique.

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    Guiraudon, Gerard M; Jones, Douglas L; Bainbridge, Daniel; Moore, John T; Wedlake, Chris; Linte, Cristian; Wiles, Andrew; Peters, Terry M

    2009-01-01

    : Optimal atrial septal defect (ASD) closure should combine off-pump techniques with the effectiveness and versatility of open-heart techniques. We report our experience with off-pump ASD closure using the Universal Cardiac Introducer (UCI) in a porcine model. The goal was to create an ASD over the fossa ovale (FO) and position a patch over the ASD under ultrasound (US) imaging and augmented virtual reality guidance. : An US probe (tracked with a magnetic tracking system) was positioned into the esophagus (transesophageal echocardiographic probe) for real-time image-guidance. The right atrium (RA) of six pigs was exposed via a right lateral thoracotomy or medial sternotomy. The UCI was attached to the RA wall. A punching tool was introduced via the UCI, navigated and positioned, under US guidance, to create an ASD into the FO. A patch with its holder and a stapling device were introduced into the RA via the UCI. The patch was positioned on the ASD. Occlusion of the ASD was determined using US and Doppler imaging. : The FO membrane was excised successfully in all animals. US image-guidance provided excellent visualization. The patch was positioned in all cases with complete occlusion of the ASD. The stapling device proved too bulky, impeding circumferential positioning. : Using the UCI, ASD closure was safe and feasible. US imaging, combined with virtual and augmented reality provided accurate navigating and positioning. This study also provided valuable information on the future design of anchoring devices for intracardiac procedures.

  19. Dispersion of P wave duration and P wave vector in patients with atrial septal aneurysm.

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    Janion, Marianna; Kurzawski, Jacek; Sielski, Janusz; Ciuraszkiewicz, Katarzyna; Sadowski, Marcin; Radomska, Edyta

    2007-07-01

    Atrial septal aneurysm (ASA) may be involved in the genesis of atrial arrhythmias as a consequence of disturbances in the propagation of depolarization, which may be easily assessed by P wave dispersion measurement. The aim of this study is to assess the dispersion of P wave duration and P wave vector in patients with ASA and to determine the effect of associated interatrial shunt on the magnitude of P wave dispersion. The study population consisted of 23 healthy volunteers and 88 patients with ASA base more than 15 mm and protrusion more than 7.5 mm. The size of aneurysms and atria was determined by echocardiography and P wave dispersion was measured on the surface ECG. In ASA patients, dispersion of P wave duration was significantly increased when compared with healthy controls (7.8 +/- 12.1 vs. 3.7 +/- 3.5 ms; P wave vector was also significantly increased (8.5 +/- 10.1 degrees vs. 4.6 +/- 3.6 degrees ; P wave duration and P wave vector. Variation in P wave duration was significantly correlated with the dispersion of P wave vector and age of these patients. Dispersion of P wave vector was significantly decreased in ASA patients with interatrial shunt. P wave dispersion in ASA patients may predispose to the development of atrial arrhythmias.

  20. Tulip deformity with Cera atrial septal defect devices: a report of 3 cases.

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    Kohli, Vikas

    2015-02-01

    Device closure of secundum atrial septal defect (ASD) is the treatment of choice when anatomy is favourable. Amplatzer device has remained the gold standard for closure of ASD. Cobra deformity is a well-reported problem with devices. Recently, Tulip deformity has been reported in a single case. We report a series of cases where we noted Tulip deformity along with inability to retract the device in the sheath in Cera Lifetech devices. This resulted in prolongation of procedure, excessive fluoroscopic exposure and additional interventional procedures not usually anticipated in ASD device closure. We believe that the problem is due to the stiffness of the device resulting in its inability to be retracted into the sheath. We also report a unique way of retrieving the device.

  1. Transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect in a patient with Noonan syndrome after corrective surgery

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    Mangovski Ljupčo

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Transcatheter atrial septal defect (ASD closure is considered to be a gold standard for patients with the suitable anatomy as compared to cardiac surgery. Reocurrence of ASD after surgical closure is a very rare late complication which can be successfully managed with transcatheter procedure. Case report. We reported a female patient with Noonan syndrome who presented with hemodinamically significant ASD 37 years after the corrective cardiac surgery. Due to numerous comorbidities which included severe kyphoscoliosis, pectus excavatum and multiple surgeries we decided to perform transcatheter closure of ASD. The procedure itself was very challenging due to the patient’s short stature and heart’s orientation in the chest, but was performed successfully. The subsequent follow-up was uneventful and the patient reported improvement in the symptoms. Conclusion. Transcatheter closure of ASD in a patient with Noonan syndrome with the history of surgically corrected ASD can be performed successfully, despite challenging chest anatomy.

  2. Limited access atrial septal defect closure and the evolution of minimally invasive surgery.

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    Izzat, M B; Yim, A P; El-Zufari, M H

    1998-04-01

    While minimizing the "invasiveness" in general surgery has been equated with minimizing "access", what constitutes minimally invasive intra-cardiac surgery remains controversial. Many surgeons doubt the benefits of minimizing access when the need for cardiopulmonary bypass cannot be waived. Recognizing that median sternotomy itself does entail significant morbidity, we investigated the value of alternative approaches to median sternotomy using atrial septal defect closure as our investigative model. We believe that some, but not all minimal access approaches are associated with reduced postoperative morbidity and enhanced recovery. Our current strategy is to use a mini-sternotomy approach in adult patients, whereas conventional median sternotomy remains our standard approach in the pediatric population. Considerable clinical experiences coupled with documented clinical benefits are fundamental before a certain approach is adopted in routine practice.

  3. Is Three-Dimensional Echocardiography Useful in Evaluation of Atrial Septal Defects?

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    Charles German

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Of all birth defects, Congenital Heart Disease (CHD remains the most prevalent. These malformations are largely multifactorial with both environmental and genetic components, but known chromosomal abnormalities and mutations of single genes account for less than 10% of all cardiac defects (1. They affect approximately 6 to 13 newborns per 1000 live births (2 and are made up of 5 major Atrial Septal Defects (ASDs, including primum and secundum type defects, sinus venosus and coronary sinus defects, and Patent Foramen Ovale (PFO. However, there is debate within the medical community regarding inclusion of PFOs and coronary sinus defects within the realm of CHD. PFOs do not have absent septal tissue, and coronary sinus defects, or unroofed coronary sinus, represent an abnormal communication between the superior portion of the coronary sinus and the neighboring left atrium. Regardless, these anomalies can go undetected at birth, particularly if asymptomatic. Though some defects may be innocuous at birth, the continued shunting of blood between the atria can lead to pulmonary hypertension, heart failure, and even death. Thus, finding an accurate and reliable means of diagnosis via echocardiography is necessary in establishing the optimal treatment and ultimately improving patient mortality.

  4. Altered Pulmonary Venous Flow Pattern in Young Adults with Atrial Septal Defect

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    Mozhgan Parsaee

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Atrial septal defect (ASD is a common congenital heart disease and causes left-to-right shunting and significant right ventricular (RV volume overload. The goal of this study was to evaluate the influence of these hemodynamic changes on pulmonary venous flow pattern in young adults.Methods: Complete echocardiographic examination was performed in a group of 40 young adults (aged < 40 years who had secundum type ASD and was compared to 40 age-matched individuals in control group who had no cardiac abnormality. Systolic and diastolic flow velocities in pulmonary veins (PV, superior vena cava (SVC, inferior vena cava (IVC and RV functional parameters were recorded and evaluated.Results: As opposed to healthy young individuals who showed distinct S and D waves with diastolic predominance in pulmonary vein Doppler, in patients with ASD a continuous flow with increased systolic peak that began in systole and continued to the late diastole was observed. The RV systolic function increased compared to the control group.Conclusions: In patients with ASD, the pattern of pulmonary veins flow transforms into a single continuous antegrade wave with systolic dominance due to persistent shunting of left atrial blood in to right heart chambers as well as increased RV pump function on pulmonary vein (by means of ASD, SVC and IVC, and could be used as a screening method for the presence of secundum type ASDs in young adults.

  5. Conscious sedation using dexmedetomidine for percutaneous transcatheter closure of atrial septal defects: A single center experience

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    Pushkar Mahendra Desai

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The aim of this study is to determine safety and feasibility of conscious sedation using dexmedetomidine for transcatheter atrial septal defect (ASD device closure. Material and Methods: A retrospective institutional review of transcatheter ASD device closure without endotracheal intubation over 18 months. The protocol included topical oropharyngeal anesthesia using lignocaine followed by dexmedetomidine bolus 1 μg/kg intravenously over 10 min and maintenance dose 0.2-0.7 μg/kg/h. Ramsay sedation score 2-3 was maintained. Patients were analyzed regarding demographic profile, device size, procedure time, anesthesia time, recovery time, hospital stay, and any hemodynamic or procedural complications. Results: A total of 43 patients with mean age 31.56 ± 13.74 years (range: 12-56 years were analyzed. Mean anesthesia duration was 71.75 + 21.08 min. Mean recovery time was 7.6 ± 3.01 min. 16 females and one male patient required additional propofol with a mean dose of 30.8 ± 10.49 mg. No hemodynamic instability was noted. No patient required general anesthesia with endotracheal intubation. The procedure was successful in 93.02% of patients. Four patients developed atrial fibrillation. All patients were satisfied. Conclusion: Conscious sedation using dexmedetomidine is a safe and effective anesthetic technique for percutaneous ASD closure.

  6. Echocardiographic Reference Values for Right Atrial Size in Children with and without Atrial Septal Defects or Pulmonary Hypertension.

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    Koestenberger, Martin; Burmas, Ante; Ravekes, William; Avian, Alexander; Gamillscheg, Andreas; Grangl, Gernot; Grillitsch, Marlene; Hansmann, Georg

    2016-04-01

    Right atrial (RA) size may become a very useful, easily obtainable, echocardiographic variable in patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) with right-heart dysfunction; however, according studies in children are lacking. We investigated growth-related changes of RA dimensions in healthy children. Moreover, we determined the predictive value of RA variables in both children with secundum atrial septal defect (ASD) and children with pulmonary hypertension (PH) secondary to CHD (PH-CHD). This is a prospective study in 516 healthy children, in 80 children with a secundum ASD (>7 mm superior-inferior dimension), and in 42 children with PH-CHD. We determined three RA variables, i.e., end-systolic major-axis length, end-systolic minor-axis length, and end-systolic area, stratified by age, body weight, length, and surface area. RA end-systolic length and area z scores were increased in children with ASD and PH-CHD when compared to those variables in the healthy control population. Using the Youden Index to determine the best cutoff scores in sex- and age-specific RA dimensions, we observed a sensitivity and specificity up to 94 and 91 %, respectively, in ASD children and 98 and 94 %, respectively, in PH-CHD children. We provide normal values (z scores -2 to +2) for RA size and area in a representative, large pediatric cohort. Enlarged RA variables with scores >+2 were predictive of secundum ASD and PH-CHD. Two-dimensional determination of RA size can identify enlarged RAs in the setting of high volume load (ASD) or pressure load (PH-CHD).

  7. Transcathether closure of a right pulmonary artery-to-left atrial fistula using Amplatzer muscular ventricular septal defect occluder.

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    Ece, Ibrahim; Uner, Abdurrahman; Cuce, Ferhat; Balli, Sevket

    2014-10-01

    A right pulmonary artery-to-left atrial fistula is a very rare cyanotic congenital heart defect and is characterized by cyanosis and normal auscultation of the heart. Interventional closure of the fistula using occluder devices and coils has been rarely reported. We report the successful closure of a RPA-to-left atrial fistula using an Amplatzer muscular ventricular septal defect occluder in a child with cyanosis. The two-dimensional echocardiogram with bubble contrast study demonstrated the communication between right pulmonary artery and left atrium. Computerized tomography confirmed the diagnosis and delineated the anatomy.

  8. Robotically assisted totally endoscopic atrial septal defect repair: insights from operative times, learning curves, and clinical outcome.

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    Bonaros, Nikolaos; Schachner, Thomas; Oehlinger, Armin; Ruetzler, Elisabeth; Kolbitsch, Christian; Dichtl, Wolfgang; Mueller, Silvana; Laufer, Guenther; Bonatti, Johannes

    2006-08-01

    Remote access perfusion and robotics have enabled totally endoscopic closure of atrial septal defect and patent foramen ovale. The aim of this study was to address learning curve issues of totally endoscopic atrial septal defect repair on the basis of a single-center experience and to investigate whether long cardiopulmonary bypass and aortic occlusion times influence intraoperative and postoperative outcomes. Seventeen patients (median age, 35 years; range, 16 to 55 years) underwent totally endoscopic atrial septal defect repair using remote access perfusion and robotic technology (da Vinci telemanipulation system). Learning curves were assessed by means of regression analysis with logarithmic curve fit. The effect of operative variables on clinical outcome was analyzed by linear regression using the Spearman's rho coefficient. No operative mortality or serious surgical complications were observed. No residual shunt was detected at intraoperative or postoperative echocardiography. Significant learning curves were noted for total operative time: y(min) = 406 - 49 ln(x) (r2 = 0.725; p = 0.002); cardiopulmonary bypass time: y(min) = 225 - 42 ln(x) (r2 = 0.699; p = 0.003); and aortic occlusion time: y(min) = 117 - 25 ln(x) (r2 = 0.517; p = 0.04), x = number of procedures. Median ventilation time, intensive care unit stay, and hospital length of stay were 7 hours (range, 2 to 19 hours), 26 hours (range, 15 to 120 hours), and 8 days (range, 5 to 14 days), respectively. No correlation was detected between cardiopulmonary bypass time and intubation time (r2 = 0.283; p = 0.326), intensive care unit stay (r2 = -0.138; p = 0.639), or total length of stay (r2 = 0.013; p = 0.962). Totally endoscopic atrial septal defect repair can be performed safely, and learning curves for operative times are steep. Longer cardiopulmonary bypass times had no negative impact on intraoperative and postoperative outcome.

  9. Totally robotic atrial septal defect closure: 7-year single-institution experience and follow-up.

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    Xiao, Cangsong; Gao, Changqing; Yang, Ming; Wang, Gang; Wu, Yang; Wang, Jiali; Wang, Rong; Yao, Minghui

    2014-12-01

    Robotic technology has been applied to atrial septal defect (ASD) repair for more than 10 years, but the number of cases reported is limited and results of long-term follow-up are not clear. This study reports on a large group of patients who underwent totally robotic ASD repair on an arrested or beating heart at a single institution with a 7-year follow-up. From 2007 to 2013, 160 patients (median age, 36 years; range, 11-66 years) at our centre underwent selective repair of secundum-type ASD using the da Vinci robotic system. The first 54 cases were performed on an arrested heart (arrested-heart group, n = 54) and the remainder on a beating heart (beating-heart group, n = 106). The mean diameter of defects was 2.9 cm (range, 1.1-4.1 cm). Cardiopulmonary bypass was achieved via cannulation of the femoral vessels and the right internal jugular vein. Blood cardioplegic arrest was induced using a transthoracic Chitwood clamp in the arrested-heart group. With the assistance of a robotic surgical system, atrial septal defect repairs were performed with or without tricuspid valvuloplasty via three 8-mm ports, a camera port and a working port in the right chest. Transoesophageal echocardiography was used to evaluate surgical results and follow-up. Complete ASD closure was verified by intraoperative transoesophageal echocardiography in all patients. None of the procedures was converted to an alternate technique and there were no major complications. There were significant learning curves for cross-clamp time, operative duration and cardiopulmonary bypass time. The beating-heart group had significantly shorter operative and cardiopulmonary bypass durations than the arrested-heart group (P = 0.000). The two groups had similar durations of mechanical ventilation and intensive care unit and hospital stays, and similar drainage volumes. During the 39 ± 21 months of follow-up, no patient required reoperation because of a residual shunt or tricuspid valve regurgitation. ASD can

  10. TOGETHER WiTH ATRiAL SEPTAL DEFECT, BiCUSPiD AORTA, PECTUS EXCAVATUM AND MENTAL RETARDATiON : A CASE REPORT

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    Mustafa Necati Dagli

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available In this case, patient with mental retardation accepted in our clinic complain with shortness of breath. Then physical examination inspection evident in the pectus excavatum and made Echocardiography Atrial septal defect (ASD and bicuspid aortic consistent with the view were identified.Congenital abnormalities in patients with the aim of further evaluation of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE planned. In TEE, 26 mm secundum atrial septal defect, bicuspid aortic valve was detected. Percutaneous transcatheter atrial septal defect closure with septal occluder device. Pectus excavatum, such as mental retardation or even cardiac abnormalities do not complain about aspects of the research must be done. Cardiac abnormalities regardless of the direction of the association needs to be done to show that we have a rigorous screening. [J Contemp Med 2015; 5(1.000: 48-50

  11. Totally thoracoscopic surgery for the treatment of atrial septal defect without of the robotic Da Vinci surgical system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Gaoli; Qiao, Yanli; Ma, Liming; Ni, Liangchun; Zeng, Shanguang; Li, Qingchen

    2013-05-01

    More and more surgeons and patients focus on the minimally invasive surgical techniques in the 21st century. Totally thoracoscopic operation provides another minimal invasive surgical option for patients with ASD (atrial septal defect). In this study, we reported our experience of 61 patients with atrial septal defect who underwent totally thoracoscopic operation and discussed the feasibility and safety of the new technique. From January 2010 to October 2012, 61 patients with atrial septal defect underwent totally thoracoscopic closure but not traditional median sternotomy surgery. We divided the 61 patients into two groups based on the operation sequence. The data of group A (the first 30 cases) and group B (the last 31 cases). The mean age of the patients was 35.1 ± 12.8 years (range, 6.3 to 63.5 years), and mean weight was 52.7 ± 11.9 kg (range, 30.5 to 80 kg). Mean size of the atrial septal defect was 16.8 ± 11.3 mm (range, 13 to 39 mm) based on the description of the echocardiography. All patients underwent totally thoracoscopy successfully, 36 patients with pericardium patch and 25 patients were sutured directly. 7 patients underwent concomitant tricuspid valvuloplasty with Key technique. No death, reoperation or complete atrioventricular block occurred. The mean time of cardiopulmonary bypass was 68.5 ± 19.1 min (range, 31.0 to 153.0 min), the mean time of aortic cross-clamp was 27.2 ± 11.3 min (range, 0.0 to 80.0 min) and the mean time of operation was 149.8 ± 35.7 min (range, 63.0 to 300.0 min). Postoperative mechanical ventilation averaged 4.9 ± 2.5 hours (range, 3.5 to 12.6 hours), and the duration of intensive care unit stay 20.0 ± 4.8 hours (range, 15.5 to 25 hours). The mean volume of blood drainage was 158 ± 38 ml (range, 51 to 800 ml). No death, residual shunt, lung atelectasis or moderate tricuspid regurgitation was found at 3-month follow-up. The totally thoracoscopic operation is feasible and safe for

  12. Consanguinity and isolated atrial septal defect in North East of Iran.

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    Moghaddam, Hasan Mottaghi; Esfehani, Reza Jafarzadeh; Panah, Nader Yazdan; Esfehani, Ali Jafarzadeh

    2014-01-01

    The rate of consanguineous marriage is high in Middle Eastern countries such as Iran. The relationship between consanguineous marriage and congenital heart disease is discussed in some studies, but there is not much data for relationship between atrial septal defect (ASD) and consanguineous marriage. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between consanguineous marriage and ASD echocardiographic characteristics. This was a cross-sectional study approved by Mashhad University of Medical Sciences ethics committee and took place in Mashhad, Iran, for a period of 3 years from August 2008 till September 2011. In this cross-sectional study, 113 ASD patients participated and they were categorized into 3 groups on the basis of family relationship between their parents: first group-"no relationship," second group- "third degree relationship," and third group- "far relationship." Among the 54 male and 59 female ASD patients, the most prevalent type of ASD was ASD secundum (85.0%) followed by sinus venosus (8.8%). A total of 56% patients were present in the first group and 15% and 29% in the second group and the third group, respectively." The relationship between consanguinity and type of ASD (P consanguinity (P=.003) was also observed. Considering the fact that there is a high prevalence of ASD and consanguineous marriage in Iran and bearing in mind the results of the present study, we recommend educating couples about the outcomes of consanguineous marriage in pre-marriage counseling.

  13. Pulmonary function in children after surgical and percutaneous closure of atrial septal defect.

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    Zaqout, Mahmoud; De Baets, Frans; Schelstraete, Petra; Suys, Bert; Panzer, Joseph; Francois, Katrien; Bove, Thierry; Coomans, Ilse; De Wolf, Daniel

    2010-11-01

    This study aimed to study differences in lung function after surgical and percutaneous atrial septal defect (ASD) closure. Several studies have demonstrated abnormalities of pulmonary function in adults and children with ASD. These abnormalities persist even a few years after correction. This study compared pulmonary function between patients who underwent ASD closure by surgery and those who had closure by device. This is the ideal pediatric population for studying changes in lung function caused by cardiopulmonary bypass or sternotomy. The 46 patients in this study were treated by percutaneous closure (group 1) or surgical closure (group 2) of ASD and then scheduled for pulmonary function testing an average of 5.8 years after ASD closure. The mean values of functional residual capacity, total lung capacity, and residual volume did not differ between the two groups. The surgical group showed a significant decrease in expiratory reserve volume (p function. Longitudinal lung function follow-up assessment after cardiac surgery is warranted to detect and measure restrictive abnormalities in this type of congenital heart disease and others.

  14. Lung biopsy diagnosis of operative indication in secundum atrial septal defect with severe pulmonary vascular disease.

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    Yamaki, Shigeo; Kumate, Munetaka; Yonesaka, Susumu; Maeda, Katsuhide; Endo, Masato; Tabayashi, Koichi

    2004-10-01

    Surgical indication was determined by lung biopsy in 91 patients with secundum atrial septal defect (ASD) and severe pulmonary hypertension > 70 mm Hg of pulmonary arterial peak pressure and/or pulmonary vascular resistance of > 8 U/m(2). Pulmonary vascular disease (PVD) in ASD was classified into four types: (1) Musculoelastosis consisting of longitudinal muscle bundles and elastic fibers; surgery is indicated no matter how severely the peripheral small pulmonary arteries are occluded. Surgery was performed in all of the 20 patients, and the postoperative course was uneventful. (2) Plexogenic pulmonary arteriopathy: surgery is indicated for a PVD index < or = 2.3. Surgery was performed in 25 of the 32 patients. The remaining seven patients for whom surgery was not indicated are under follow-up observation. No deaths have occurred among the 32 patients. (3) Thromboembolism of small pulmonary arteries: Surgery is indicated for all such cases. Surgery was indicated in all of the five patients. (4) Mixed type of plexogenic pulmonary arteriopathy and musculoelastosis: Surgery is indicated if the collateral is not observed. Surgery was performed in 15 of the 25 patients. The remaining 10 patients for whom surgery was not indicated are under follow-up observation. Nine of these 91 patients associated with primary pulmonary hypertension were eliminated from this study. No deaths due to PVD occurred among the 82 patients who underwent lung biopsy diagnosis. Lung biopsy diagnosis is concluded to be very effective.

  15. One-stop shop assessment for atrial septal defect closure using 256-slice coronary CT angiography

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    Yamasaki, Yuzo; Kamitani, Takeshi; Sagiyama, Koji; Yamanouchi, Torahiko; Honda, Hiroshi [Kyushu University, Department of Clinical Radiology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, 3-1-1 Maidashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka (Japan); Nagao, Michinobu; Kawanami, Satoshi [Kyushu University, Department of Molecular Imaging and Diagnosis, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Fukuoka (Japan); Sakamoto, Ichiro [Kyushu University, Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Fukuoka (Japan); Yamamura, Kenichiro [Kyushu University, Department of Pediatrics, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Fukuoka (Japan); Yabuuchi, Hidetake [Kyushu University, Department of Health Sciences, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Fukuoka (Japan)

    2017-02-15

    To investigate the feasibility and accuracy of measurement of the pulmonary to systemic blood flow ratio (Qp/Qs) and defect and rim sizes in secundum atrial septal defects (ASDs) using 256-slice CT, compared to the reference transoesophageal echocardiography (TEE) and right heart catheterization (RHC) measurements. Twenty-three consecutive adult patients with secundum ASDs who underwent retrospective ECG-gated coronary CT angiography (CCTA), TEE and RHC were enrolled in this study. Right ventricular (RV) and left ventricular (LV) stroke volumes (SV) were calculated by biventricular volumetry of CCTA. Qp/Qs-CT was defined as RVSV/LVSV. The sizes of the defect and rim were measured by multi-planar reconstruction CT images. Correlations between Qp/Qs-CT and Qp/Qs-RHC and between the defect diameter obtained by CT and TEE were analyzed by Pearson's coefficient analysis. Rim sizes by CT and TEE were compared by paired t-test. Qp/Qs-CT was significantly correlated with Qp/Qs-RHC (r = 0.83, p < 0.0001), and the defect diameter by CT was significantly correlated with that by TEE (r = 0.95, p < 0.0001). There was no significant difference between CT and TEE in measurements of rim size. 256-slice CCTA allows measuring Qp/Qs and size of defects and rims in patients with secundum ASDs, accomplishing pretreatment evaluation non-invasively and comprehensively. (orig.)

  16. Heart rate variability in patients with atrial septal defect and healthy children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bakari, Süleyman; Koca, Bülent; Oztunç, Funda; Abuhandan, Mahmut

    2013-06-01

    Heart rate variability (HRV) measures are altered in various cardiac and non-cardiac situations in children. The autonomic nervous system is assumed to have a role in the pathophysiology of atrial septal defect (ASD). In this study, we evaluated the autonomic system by measuring HRV in children with ASD. Twenty-eight patients with ASD and 32 healthy children (mean ages: 6.6±2.1 years and 6.4±2.2 years, respectively) were enrolled in the study. Twenty-four-hour ambulatory electrocardiographic recordings were obtained and the seven time-domain (SDNN, SDANN, rMSSD, SD, SDNN index, PNN50, and mean RR) and four frequency-domain (VLF, LF, HF, and LF/HF ratio) indices of HRV were analyzed. A significant decrease in calculated HRV variables was observed in children with ASD as compared to controls. The HRV alteration was found in both time-domain and frequency-domain parameters. Our results indicate that HRV is decreased in children with ASD, which implies parasympathetic withdrawal and sympathetic predominance. Copyright © 2013 Japanese College of Cardiology. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  17. [The role of MRI for the evaluation of atrial septal defects before and after percutaneous occlusion with the amplatzer septal occluder(R)].

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    Weber, C; Dill, T; Mommert, I; Hofmann, T; Adam, G

    2002-11-01

    Evaluation of morphologic and functional MRI of atrial septal defects (ASD) before and after percutaneous occlusion with the Amplatzer Septal Occluder (AOC). Comparison of MRI with transesophageal echocardiography (TEE), balloon measurement (IVBM) and cardiac catheterization with shunt quantification (CCSQ). Twenty patients with ASD were examined before and three months after AOC implantation. ECG-triggered, breath-hold T1-weighted Turbo Spin Echo Segmented FLASH 2D and dynamic turbo-FLASH-GRE sequences after application of 0.2 mmol gadolinium DTPA per kg body weight were obtained in a 1.5 T MRI system. Defect size, and distance to coronal sinus (CS) and right upper pulmonary vein (RUPV) were determined for pre-interventional planning, and the AOC size was measured quantitatively for post-interventional follow-up. The shunts were evaluated qualitatively (occurrence of jets), semiquantitatively (jet length, turbulence square product) and quantitatively (flow measurement in the thoracic aorta and in the left and right pulmonary arteries). The average size of the ASD measured by MRI was 17.6 mm (11 - 24.8 mm) in the axial view, 15.9 mm (10.8 - 28.9 mm) in the sagittal view and 16.4 mm (12.1 - 24.8 mm) in the short axis view. In comparison, the average defect size was 15 mm (8 - 24 mm) by TEE and 20 mm (13 - 27 mm) by IVBM. The average distance to the RUPV was 17 mm (9.6 - 21.9 mm) and to the CS 11.2 mm (5 - 17 mm). The AOC was visualized with only minimal artifacts. Qualitative analysis of the MRI findings revealed an occurrence of jets in 17/20 patients. Semiquantitative analysis documented a high correlation for jet length and square product of the turbulence to defect size r = 0.81 resp. r = 0.82. Mean QP/QS-ratio measured by MR-volumetry was 1.6 +/- 0.29 and by MR-flow 1.6 +/- 0.26. The corresponding measurements were 1.7 +/- 0.3 for TEE and 1.5 +/- 0.5 for CCSQ. In comparison to TEE, the correlation coefficient was r = 0.96 for MR-volumetry and r = 0.85 for MR

  18. Left atrial accessory appendages, diverticula, and left-sided septal pouch in multi-slice computed tomography. Association with atrial fibrillation and cerebrovascular accidents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hołda, Mateusz K; Koziej, Mateusz; Wszołek, Karolina; Pawlik, Wiesław; Krawczyk-Ożóg, Agata; Sorysz, Danuta; Łoboda, Piotr; Kuźma, Katarzyna; Kuniewicz, Marcin; Lelakowski, Jacek; Dudek, Dariusz; Klimek-Piotrowska, Wiesława

    2017-10-01

    The aim of this study is to provide a morphometric description of the left-sided septal pouch (LSSP), left atrial accessory appendages, and diverticula using cardiac multi-slice computed tomography (MSCT) and to compare results between patient subgroups. Two hundred and ninety four patients (42.9% females) with a mean of 69.4±13.1years of age were investigated using MSCT. The presence of the LSSP, left atrial accessory appendages, and diverticula was evaluated. Multiple logistic regression analysis was performed to check whether the presence of additional left atrial structures is associated with increased risk of atrial fibrillation and cerebrovascular accidents. At least one additional left atrial structure was present in 51.7% of patients. A single LSSP, left atrial diverticulum, and accessory appendage were present in 35.7%, 16.0%, and 4.1% of patients, respectively. After adjusting for other risk factors via multiple logistic regression, patients with LSSP are more likely to have atrial fibrillation (OR=2.00, 95% CI=1.14-3.48, p=0.01). The presence of a LSSP was found to be associated with an increased risk of transient ischemic attack using multiple logistic regression analysis after adjustment for other risk factors (OR=3.88, 95% CI=1.10-13.69, p=0.03). In conclusion LSSPs, accessory appendages, and diverticula are highly prevalent anatomic structures within the left atrium, which could be easily identified by MSCT. The presence of LSSP is associated with increased risk for atrial fibrillation and transient ischemic attack. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  19. Atypical atrial septal defects in children: noninvasive evaluation by cardiac MRI

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    Beerbaum, Philipp; Parish, Victoria; Bell, Aaron [Guy' s and St. Thomas' Hospital, Division of Imaging Sciences, King' s College London, London (United Kingdom); Gieseke, Juergen [Philips Medical Systems, Best (Netherlands); Koerperich, Hermann; Sarikouch, Samir [Ruhr-University of Bochum, Department of Congenital Heart Disease and Institute for Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Heart and Diabetes Centre North Rhine-Westfalia, Bad Oeynhausen (Germany)

    2008-11-15

    Atypical left-to-right shunts at the level of the atrium in children such as sinus venosus atrial septal defects (ASDs) and partial anomalous pulmonary venous return (PAPVR) may be difficult to assess by transthoracic or transoesophageal echocardiography. Free-breathing cardiac MRI may be a powerful alternative. To assess the value of free-breathing cardiac MRI in the delineation of atypical ASDs in children. A total of 82 children (mean age 5.9 years, range 1.1-15.7 years) with suspected ASD and inconclusive transthoracic echocardiography underwent cardiac MRI under free-breathing, mostly sedated conditions. Phase-contrast MRI was used for defect visualization and shunt quantification, and multiphase inflow MR angiography for delineation of pulmonary/systemic venous connections. Of the 82 patients, 34 (41%) were diagnosed with atypical shunt lesions at the level of the atrium and 48 (59%) with simple secundum ASDs. No false-negative or false-positive findings were reported by MRI compared to cardiac catheterization and intraoperative findings. Superior sinus venosus ASD with partial anomalous PAPVR was present in 10 of the 82 children (12.2%), whereas 2 (2.4%) had a large posterior-inferior defect, 5 (6.1%) had isolated PAPVR, and 17 (20.7%) had multiple ASDs and/or associated vascular anomalies. Q{sub p}/Q{sub s} by phase-contrast MRI agreed well with oximetry values (mean difference 3%, limits of agreement {+-}21-25%; Bland/Altman analysis). Free-breathing cardiac MRI under sedation allows reliable identification of atypical left-to-right shunt defects at the level of the atrium in children in whom transcatheter ASD closure is unsuitable, including delineation of pulmonary or systemic venous anomalies and shunt quantification. (orig.)

  20. The left atrial septal pouch as a risk factor for stroke: A systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strachinaru, Mihai; Castro-Rodriguez, Jose; Verbeet, Thierry; Gazagnes, Marie-Dominique

    2017-04-01

    The left atrial septal pouch (LASP) is formed by incomplete fusion of the septum primum and septum secundum, leaving a cavity open towards the left atrium, but without interatrial shunting. There is no recommendation concerning strategy in the presence of a LASP, especially in the setting of stroke. The aim of this review was to determine whether the LASP could be incriminated as the aetiology of a stroke. We included all pertinent publications on the subject, and calculated hazard ratios for ischaemic stroke and cryptogenic stroke. There were only five case-control studies concerning the LASP, involving 516 stroke patients and 779 controls. Overall LASP prevalence was 21%, with a slightly higher prevalence in the cryptogenic stroke group (26%), but this difference was not statistically significant (P=0.27). In a random-effects meta-analysis, there was no difference between controls and patients with ischaemic stroke (hazard ratio 1.20, 95% confidence interval 0.96-1.53; P=0.14). Cryptogenic stroke appeared more frequently in patients with LASP (hazard ratio 1.53, 95% confidence interval 1.07-2.24; P=0.02), but this was driven by only one severely underpowered study. The published case reports demonstrated that thrombus formation inside the pouch can occur in the presence of major predisposing factors. The LASP can be a site for thrombus formation, leading to embolic events, but its presence does not correlate with an increased incidence of stroke. Associated factors should be taken into consideration in the setting of stroke. Further studies are necessary to validate a possible relationship with cryptogenic stroke. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  1. Efficacy of a novel IGS system in atrial septal defect repair

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mefleh, Fuad N.; Baker, G. Hamilton; Kwartowitz, David M.

    2013-03-01

    Congenital heart disease occurs in 107.6 out of 10,000 live births, with Atrial Septal Defects (ASD) accounting for 10% of these conditions. Historically, ASDs were treated with open heart surgery using cardiopulmonary bypass, allowing a patch to be sewn over the defect. In 1976, King et al. demonstrated use of a transcatheter occlusion procedure, thus reducing the invasiveness of ASD repair. Localization during these catheter based procedures traditionally has relied on bi-plane fluoroscopy; more recently trans-esophageal echocardiography (TEE) and intra-cardiac echocardiography (ICE) have been used to navigate these procedures. Although there is a high success rate using the transcatheter occlusion procedure, fluoroscopy poses radiation dose risk to both patient and clinician. The impact of this dose to the patients is important as many of those undergoing this procedure are children, who have an increased risk associated with radiation exposure. Their longer life expectancy than adults provides a larger window of opportunity for expressing the damaging effects of ionizing radiation. In addition, epidemiologic studies of exposed populations have demonstrated that children are considerably more sensitive to the carcinogenic effects radiation. Image-guided surgery (IGS) uses pre-operative and intra-operative images to guide surgery or an interventional procedure. Central to every IGS system is a software application capable of processing and displaying patient images, registration between multiple coordinate systems, and interfacing with a tool tracking system. We have developed a novel image-guided surgery framework called Kit for Navigation by Image Focused Exploration (KNIFE). In this work we assess the efficacy of this image-guided navigation system for ASD repair using a series of mock clinical experiments designed to simulate ASD repair device deployment.

  2. No-touch aorta robot-assisted atrial septal defect repair via two ports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ishikawa, Norihiko; Watanabe, Go; Tarui, Tatsuya

    2018-01-02

    Atrial septal defect (ASD) repairs have been successfully performed on arrested hearts with robotic assistance. The present study assessed the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of totally endoscopic cardiac surgery using a no-touch aorta technique for ASD via only 2 ports, and we named this procedure two-port robotic cardiac surgery (TROCS). Between May 2014 and June 2016, 8 consecutive patients underwent TROCS for ASD using the da Vinci surgical system (Intuitive Surgical Inc.) at our institute. All of the procedures were performed via only 2 port incisions in the right chest. One was the camera port, and the other was the port for the robotic instruments. Both robotic instruments were inserted through this port and crossed while being prevented from colliding with each other. The surgeon console was set to the reverse of default settings so that both masters would control the inverse instrument. TROCS for ASD was carried out under ventricular fibrillation induced by combinations of an electrical fibrillator, injection of potassium, and hypothermia without aortic cross-clamping. All cases were successfully repaired. The mean operation, cardiopulmonary bypass and ventricular fibrillation times were 129.6 ± 29.0 min, 66.9 ± 24.5 min and 9.6 ± 5.9 min, respectively, and the estimated blood loss volume was 28.1 ± 58.6 ml. No patients required blood transfusion during their hospital stay, and their cosmetic results were excellent. TROCS for ASD using no-touch aorta technique was achieved safely with good clinical results and excellent cosmetic results.

  3. Transesophageal Echocardiographic Characteristics of Secundum-Type Atrial-Septal Defect in Adult Patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arezou Zoroufian

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Given the dearth of data in the existing literature on the size and morphologic variability of secundumtype atrial-septal defect (ASD-II in adult patients, we aimed to address this issue in a series of consecutive adult patients evaluated by transesophageal echocardiography (TEE.Methods: A total of 50 patients (68.0% female with isolated ASD-II underwent TEE for the evaluation of the defect. The morphological characteristics of the defect were evaluated, and the largest defect size was measured. The ASD rim wasdivided into 6 sectors: the superior-anterior, superior-posterior, superior, inferior-anterior, inferior-posterior, and inferior.The minimal length of the defect rims was determined.Results: Mean age at the time of evaluation was 33.62±14.48 years. Mean defect diameter in the all the study patients was 20.80±8.17 mm. Thirteen morphological variations were detected. Deficiency of one rim was detected in 14 (28% patients,two in 16 (32%, three in 2 (4%, and four in 2 (4%. Deficiency of the superior anterior rim was found in 24% of the patients as the most frequent morphology. There was a significant correlation between the defect size and number of deficient rims (γ=0.558, P value<0.001. Forty-eight (96% patients emerged for defect closure: 22 (46.2% suitable for percutaneousclosure and 26 (53.8% for surgical closure. Two patients with small defects were recommended for medical treatment and follow-up.Conclusion: ASD-II is larger and more morphologically variable in adults than in children. Based on the findings of the present and previous studies and given the advantages of percutaneous treatment, it is advisable to make a decision on ASD-II closure as soon as possible before it outgrows the transcatheter closure suitability criteria.

  4. [Left ventricular-right atrial communication with a residual ventricular septal defect: a case report of successful VSD patch closure with tricuspid valvuloplasty using folded patch].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanazawa, M; Katoh, T; Suzuki, K; Fujimura, Y; Tsuboi, H; Esato, K

    1992-12-01

    A 18-year-old woman with combination of left ventricular right atrial communication (LV-RA communication) and residual ventricular septal defect (VSD) was presented. She underwent the radical operation of atrial septal defect, VSD and infundibular pulmonary stenosis at the age 11 years. Surgery was performed under the diagnosis of LV-RA communication and residual VSD. Two small defect were existed at the septal leaflet of the tricuspid valve, which communicated to left ventricle. The part of patch being used as closure of VSD at the previous operation, including perforated part of the septal leaflet was resected. A folded patch was used to reinforce the residual VSD and valvuloplasty was made using the remaining intact tricuspid tissues. Post-operative clinical course was uneventful. Shunt flow from LV to RA was not demonstrated in the postoperative left ventricular angiocardiography.

  5. Transcatheter closure of a small atrial septal defect with an Amplatzer™ patent foramen ovale occluder in a working dog with cyanosis and exercise intolerance at high altitude.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shelden, A; Wesselowski, S; Gordon, S G; Saunders, A B

    2017-12-01

    A 6.5-year-old male Border Collie presented for transcatheter closure of an atrial septal defect due to exercise intolerance and cyanosis while working and training at altitude. A small, left-to-right shunting secundum atrial septal defect was confirmed with no evidence of significant right-sided volume overload. Pulmonary hypertension with subsequent right-to-left interatrial shunting occurring during exercise at high altitude was suspected and prompted the closure of the defect due to the dog's continued athletic requirements. The anatomy of the defect prompted use of a patent foramen ovale occluder rather than an atrial septal defect occluder, which was deployed using a combination of fluoroscopic and transesophageal echocardiographic guidance. The owner did not report continued exercise intolerance or cyanosis and the dog's lifestyle and residence at altitude was unchanged. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  6. Constrictive pericarditis in a patient with sinus venosus atrial septal defect and anomalous right upper pulmonary venous return

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uppu Santosh

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This is a report of a 49-year-old male, who presented with typical signs and symptoms of constrictive pericarditis. He was diagnosed with sinus venosus atrial septal defect (ASD and anomalous right upper pulmonary venous return during his adolescence, which was elected not to be repaired. During the attempted repair of the ASD it was noted there was a thick fibrous material covering the heart, which had progressed over time leading to frank constrictive pericarditis. His ASD spontaneously closed over time. There have been less than 10 cases reported with constrictive pericarditis of nonsurgical etiology in a patient with ASD, and none with sinus venosus ASD.

  7. Intermediate and long-term followup of percutaneous device closure of fossa ovalis atrial septal defect by the Amplatzer septal occluder in a cohort of 529 patients

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    Tomar Munesh

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives : The aim of present study is to analyze the intermediate and long-term follow up results of percutaneous closure of fossa ovalis atrial septal defect (ASD with Amplatzer septal occluder (ASO in a large cohort of patients including children and adults. Methods : Between May 1998 and July 2008, 529 patients (age group 2-77 years, median 28 years underwent successful device closure with an ASO at single tertiary referral cardiac center in India.. This was out of an attempted 543 cases. The procedure was carried out in catheterization laboratory under transesophageal echocardiographic and fluoroscopy guidance. The mean size of ASD was 20 mm (7-40 mm while size of septal occluder was 10-40 mm (mean 24 mm. Two devices were deployed in four patients. Three patients developed transitory pulmonary edema in immediate postprocedure period requiring ICU care for 48 hrs. All patients were advised for Aspirin (3-5 mg/kg, maximum 150 mg once daily for 6 months. In patients with device 30 mm or larger, Clopidogril ( 75 mg once daily was given for 3 months in addition to Aspirin. Clinical evaluation, echocardiogram were done on 3 months, 6 months and then at 1, 3, 5, 7 and 10 years of follow up. Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE was performed in case of any doubt on clinical evaluation or on transthoracic echocardiography (n=10. Results : Followup data is available for 496 patients (93.7%. Followup period is from 12 months to 120 months (median 56 months. On followup, device was in position in all patients, no residual shunt and no evidence of thrombosis. Interventricular septal motion normalized on day of procedure in 89% patients, in 6% over 3 months while flat septal motion persisted in 5% (n=25, all in age group > 40 years of cases, though right ventricular dilatation persisted in 10% (n=50, age more than 40 years of patients. Symptom-free survival was 96.7 % (480/496 in patients who came for followup. Only one 68 year old patient with

  8. Importance of Close Follow-Up in the Fetus with Premature Atrial Contractions Accompanied by Atrial Septal Aneurysm: A Case Report

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    Yilmaz Yozgat

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Rhythms that derive from parts of atria other than the sinus node are called premature atrial contractions (PACs. Vast majority of fetal PACs are idiopathic. Fetal PACs usually have a good prognosis and disappear spontaneously during pregnancy or after delivery. Development of fetal tachycardia or fetal bradycardia is rarely reported during follow-up of fetuses diagnosed with PACs. To the best of our knowledge, coexistence of tachycardia and bradycardia leading to hemodynamic impairment has not yet been reported. We present a fetus diagnosed with PACs and atrial septal aneurysm (ASA on the 23rd week of gestation proceeding to fetal bradycardia and fetal tachycardia and consequently hemodynamic impairment. We suggest closer follow-up of fetuses with PACs accompanied by ASA.

  9. [Maze procedure in a case of dextrocardia with atrial septal defect and persistent left superior vena cava].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muraoka, Arata; Kawada, Masaaki; Misawa, Yoshio

    2014-08-01

    A 52-year-old man was diagnosed with dextrocardia at the age of 1 year and was asymptomatic until 1 year before admission. He was transferred to our hospital for management of atrial fibrillation. A transthoracic echocardiogram showed dextrocardia with atrial septal defect;moderate tricuspid valve regurgitation; and a large, persistent left superior vena cava. A cardiac catheterization study revealed that pulmonary flow/systemic flow (Qp/Qs) was 3.6 and that pulmonary vascular resistance was 2.5 Wood U·m². Intracardiac repair with tricuspid annuloplasty and a maze procedure was scheduled. When establishing cardiopulmonary bypass, venous drainage was initially obtained from the inferior vena cava and the left superior vena cava, and the small superior vena cava was then directly cannulated after opening the right atrium. The patient's postoperative course was uneventful, and serial electrocardiograms have demonstrated maintenance of normal sinus rhythm for 3.5 years after the operation.

  10. Late complete atrioventricular block after closure of an atrial septal defect with a gore septal occluder (GSO™)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sigler, Matthias; Priessmann, Helga

    2015-01-01

    Temporary intermittent complete heart block (CHB) occurred the day after interventional closure of an ASD with a 30 mm Gore Septal Occluder (GSO™) in a 2 years and 11‐month‐old female. CHB disappeared without further treatment and stable sinus rhythm recovered within 3 days. Only short episodes of 2nd degree AV‐block (Wenckebach periodicity) at rare intervals were documented in Holter‐monitors the following 2 months. Eleven months after device implantation the patient suffered from long lasting episodes of CHB. Surgical removal of the device resulted in incomplete recovery of AV‐conduction. Histopathological work‐up of the explanted GSO showed complete endothelialization of the device and regular scar formation. One year after surgery, the child had sinus rhythm during daytime but needed VVI‐pacing while sleeping. Young age, inferior localization of the defect, and use of a large device have been individual risk factors for CHB in this patient. Clinical course and histologic findings indicate that mechanical compression was the only cause for CHB. The cumulative number of reports of CHB after use of different ASD‐devices supports the recommendation to postpone the intervention in asymptomatic patients to preschool‐age. Early removal of a pushing device may increase the chance of complete recovery from CHB. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:26354228

  11. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging and a rare case of an atrial myxoma causing an atrial septal defect

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    Matthew Grant, MD

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available A 40 year-old athletic woman presented with worsening dyspnea on exertion over the preceding several months. Chest radiograph showed borderline cardiomegaly and subsequent echocardiography demonstrated a 5.0-cm left atrial mass as well as left-to-right interatrial shunting through a patent foramen ovale. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging was performed, which demonstrated signal characteristics consistent with an atrial myxoma. The patient then underwent urgent surgical treatment with good technical and clinical outcome. Histologic examination confirmed an atrial myxoma. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging was valuable in characterizing the nature of the atrial mass and patent foramen ovale, helping guide the surgical approach.

  12. Transcatheter closure of secundum atrial septal defect in adults: report of our first experience in a developing country

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    Animasahun BA

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available B Adeola Animasahun,1 Yele Aluko,2 Adeyemi Johnson,3 Kofo Ogunyankin,3 Sunita Maheshwari41Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Lagos State University College of Medicine, Lagos, Nigeria; 2Mid Carolina Cardiology, Charlotte, NC, USA; 3First Cardiology Consultants, Lagos, Nigeria; 4Narayana Hrudayalaya Institute of Cardiac Sciences, Bangalore, IndiaBackground: Since the first report on device closure of atrial septal defect (ASD in 1976, the procedure has gained wide acceptance and has been used worldwide, including parts of Africa. The advantages when compared to surgical closure include a shorter procedure time and hospital stay and no scarring. This mode of treatment was not available in Nigeria prior to the cases reported here, requiring patients to travel abroad for the procedure.Methods: A cardiac catheterization laboratory became available in Lagos, Nigeria in 2009, and in December 2010 the laboratory collaborated with Lagos State University College of Medicine and Lagos State University Teaching Hospital to perform the device closure on two women (aged 34 and 62 years with secundum ASD. To the best of our knowledge, these are the first times the procedure has been performed in Nigeria.Results: Both patients made successful recovery and are stable.Conclusion: Transcatheter closure of ASD is now safe and available in Nigeria.Keywords: atrial septal defect, transcatheter closure, Nigeria

  13. [Feasibility of device closure for multiple atrial septal defects using 3D printing and ultrasound-guided intervention technique].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qiu, X; Lü, B; Xu, N; Yan, C W; Ouyang, W B; Liu, Y; Zhang, F W; Yue, Z Q; Pang, K J; Pan, X B

    2017-04-25

    Objective: To investigate the feasibility of trans-catheter closure of multiple atrial septal defects (ASD) monitored by trans-thoracic echocardiography (TTE) under the guidance of 3D printing heart model. Methods: Between April and August 2016, a total of 21 patients (8 male and 13 female) with multiple ASD in Fuwai Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences underwent CT scan and 3-dimensional echocardiography for heart disease model produced by 3D printing technique. The best occlusion program was determined through the simulation test on the model. Percutaneous device closure of multiple ASD was performed follow the predetermined program guided by TTE. Clinical follow-up including electrocardiogram and TTE was arranged at 1 month after the procedure. Results: The trans-catheter procedure was successful in all 21 patients using a single atrial septal occluder. Mild residual shunt was found in 5 patient in the immediate postoperative period, 3 of them were disappeared during postoperative follow-up. There was no death, vascular damage, arrhythmia, device migration, thromboembolism, valvular dysfunction during the follow-up period. Conclusion: The use of 3D printing heart model provides a useful reference for transcatheter device closure of multiple ASD achieving through ultrasound-guided intervention technique, which appears to be safe and feasible with good outcomes of short-term follow-up.

  14. Imaging atrial septal defects by real-time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography: step-by-step approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saric, Muhamed; Perk, Gila; Purgess, Jan R; Kronzon, Itzhak

    2010-11-01

    There are currently no standardized three-dimensional (3D) transesophageal echocardiographic (TEE) views of the interatrial septum and atrial septal defects (ASDs). Without a standardized approach, it is difficult to ascertain the important anatomic relationships (such as the location of the aortic rim of an ASD), to perform relevant measurements (such as the size of an ASD or the size of its rims), or to guide the deployment of catheters and devices during atrial septal closure. Using a 3D TEE matrix-array transducer, 706 TEE studies were performed over a 14-month period. The purpose of the study was to develop a standardized protocol for anatomically correct orientation of 3D TEE images of the interatrial septum and ASDs. Among 706 TEE studies, there were 23 patients with ASDs, representing 3.3% of the study population. Eighteen patients had secundum ASDs, two had primum ASDs, and three had sinus venosus ASDs of the superior vena cava type. A protocol for properly orienting 3D TEE images of the interatrial septum and ASDs was developed. When the images are acquired at an angle of 0°, the septum is properly oriented by the tilt-up-then-left maneuver. The initial 3D TEE image in first tilted up to reveal the right atrial side of the septum. Then the image is tilted 180° around its vertical axis to reveal the left atrial side of the septum; the aortic rim is on the left, the superior vena cava on the top, and the right-sided pulmonary vein ostia on the right side of the screen. For acquisitions at a higher angle, the rotate-left-in-z-axis maneuver is used. The image is first tilted up to reveal the right atrial side of the septum, as in the tilt-up-then-left maneuver. The image is then rotated counterclockwise in the z axis until the superior vena cave is at 12 o'clock. Finally, the image is tilted 180° around its vertical axis to reveal the left atrial side of the septum. The use of standardized tilt-up-then-left and rotate-left-in-z-axis maneuvers enhances the

  15. Surgery for complications of trans-catheter closure of atrial septal defects : a multi-institutional study from the European Congenital Heart Surgeons Association

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sarris, George E.; Kirvassilis, George; Zavaropoulos, Prodromos; Belli, Emre; Berggren, Hakan; Carrel, Thierry; Comas, Juan V.; Corno, Antonio F.; Daenen, Willem; Di Carlo, Duccio; Ebels, Tjark; Fragata, Jose; Hamilton, Leslie; Hraska, Viktor; Jacobs, Jeffrey; Lazarov, Stojan; Mavroudis, Constantine; Metras, Dominique; Rubay, Jean; Schreiber, Christian; Stellin, Giovanni

    Objective: This study aims to analyse the collective experience of participating European Congenital Heart Surgeons Association centres in the surgical management of complications resulting from trans-catheter closure of atrial septal defects (ASDs). Methods: The records of all (n = 56) patients,

  16. Inadvertent puncture of the aortic noncoronary cusp during postoperative left atrial tachycardia ablation

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    Dursun Aras, MD

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Transseptal catheterization has become part of the interventional electrophysiologist׳s technical armamentarium since the development of left atrial catheter ablation and percutaneous technologies for treating mitral and aortic valve disease. Although frequently performed, the procedure׳s most feared complication is aortic root penetration. Focal atrial tachycardia has been described as the most common late sequela of surgical valve replacements. We present a complicated case involving the inadvertent delivery of an 8 French sheath across the noncoronary cusp during radiofrequency catheter ablation for left atrial tachycardia originating from the mitral annulus in a patient with prior mitral valve replacement.

  17. Extended vertical transatrial septal approach for the removal of left atrial myxoma

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    Zeebregts, CJAM; Schepens, MAAM; Knaepen, PJ

    Objective: Optimal exposure greatly facilitates left atrial myxomectomy and is mandatory for safe and efficacious tumour removal. The purpose of this study was to evaluate one institutions experience, with an alternative to the classical approach, for the removal of left atrial myxoma. Methods: In

  18. A novel one-shot circular stapler closure for atrial septal defect in a beating-heart porcine model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tarui, Tatsuya; Tomita, Shigeyuki; Ishikawa, Norihiko; Ohtake, Hiroshi; Watanabe, Go

    2015-02-01

    In surgical atrial septal defect (ASD) closure, there are no techniques or devices that can close the ASD accurately in a short time under a beating heart. We have developed a simple and automatic ASD closure technique using a circular stapler. This study assessed the feasibility and efficacy of a new circular stapler closure for ASD. Under a continuous beating heart, hand-sewn patch plasty ASD closure was performed in 6 pigs (group A) and circular stapler ASD closure was performed in 6 pigs (group B). The time to close the ASD and the effectiveness of the closure were compared. Closure was significantly faster in group B (10.5 ± 1.0 seconds) than in group A (664 ± 10 seconds; p heart porcine model. Copyright © 2015 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Robotic atrial septal defect closure and tricuspid annuloplasty in a case of situs inversus totalis with dextrocardia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Onan, Burak; Aydin, Unal; Kahraman, Zeynep; Bakir, Ihsan

    2017-03-01

    Situs inversus totalis (SIT) with dextrocardia is an uncommon congenital positional anomaly, which is characterized by a symmetrical 'mirror-image' orientation of all organs in relation to the midline. Although sternotomy and thoracotomy is traditionally used in patients with SIT with dextrocardia, a totally endoscopic robotic surgery is an alternative surgical approach to intracardiac anomalies. Placement of robotic ports, transthoracic aortic clamp, cardioplegia delivery, and peripheral vascular cannulation is made from the left side of the chest, as a mirror orientation of the right-sided robotic cardiac procedures. Here, we present a patient who underwent concomitant robotic atrial septal defect closure and tricuspid annuloplasty with posterior plication using the da Vinci surgical system.

  20. Transthoracic echocardiography is a safe alternative for assessment and guidance of transcatheter closure of secundum atrial septal defect in children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baruteau, Alban-Elouen; Hascoët, Sébastien; Fraisse, Alain

    2017-05-01

    2D-transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is routinely performed to guide percutaneous ASD closure in children. We aimed to assess whether two-dimensional (2D)-transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is a safe alternative for assessment and guidance of atrial septal defect (ASD) closure in unselected children. We performed a retrospective single-center study including 389 consecutive children aged less than 15-year-old who underwent percutaneous ASD closure under 2D-TEE (1998-2005, n=133) or 2D-TTE (2005-2014, n=256). A balloon calibration was performed in all cases for the Amplatz Septal Occluder choice. ASDs were larger and rims deficiencies were more frequent in the TTE-guided group. The procedure was successful in 376 patients [96.7%; 95% confidence interval (CI), 94.4-98.2%]. The success rate tended to be higher in the TTE- versus TEE-guided group (98.0% versus 94.0%, P=0.069). Device migration occurred in 4 patients (1.0%; 95% CI: 0.3-1.6%), all after TEE-guided procedure (P=0.013). Early major adverse events were observed in 5 patients (1.3%; 95% CI: 0.4-3.0%), all in the TEE group (P=0.004). Fluroroscopic time and irradiation dose were not different among the 2 groups (P=0.450 and P=0.130 respectively). After a median follow-up of 7 years (range, 1-16 years), no adverse events was reported. One (0.3%, 95% CI: 0-1.4%) 12-year-old patient developed atrial fibrillation 5 years after the procedure. Pregnancies were uneventful in 72 cases. When a balloon sizing is performed, 2D-TTE imaging is as efficient as 2D-TEE to guide percutaneous ASD closure in children. The procedure can safely be done in spontaneously breathing children under TTE guidance alone in experienced centers.

  1. Transcatheter closure of large atrial septal defects with deficient aortic or posterior rims using the "Greek maneuver". A multicenter study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thanopoulos, Basil D; Dardas, Petros; Ninios, Vlasis; Eleftherakis, Nicholaos; Karanasios, Evangelos

    2013-10-09

    We report a modification ("Greek maneuver") of the standard atrial septal defect (ASD) closure technique using the Amplatzer septal occluder (ASO) to facilitate closure of large ASDs with deficient aortic or posterior rims. 185 patients (median 10.8, range 3 to 52 years) with large ASDs (mean diameter 26±7 mm, range 20-40 mm) with a deficient aortic (134 patients) or posterior (51 patients) rim underwent catheter closure with the ASO using the "Greek maneuver" under transesophageal guidance. The Greek maneuver is applied when protrusion of the aortic edge of the deployed left disk of the device in to the right atrium is detected by echo. To circumvent this left disk is recaptured and the whole delivery system is pushed inward and leftward into the left atrium where the left disk and the 2/3 of right disk are simultaneously released. This maneuver forces the left disk to become parallel to the septum preventing the protrusion of the device into the right atrium. The ASO was successfully implanted and was associated with complete closure in 175/185 (95%) of the patients. There were no early or late complications related to the procedure during a follow-up period ranging from 6 months to 7 years. The "Greek maneuver" is a simple quite useful trick that facilitates closure of large ASDs associated with or without deficient aortic or posterior rims. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. Atrial flutter in a patient with atrial septal defect and anomalous venous drainage: unusual approach for ablation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roca-Luque, Ivo; Rivas, Nuria; Dos, Laura; Francisco, Jaume; Pérez-Rodon, Jordi; Pijuan, Antònia; Garcia-Dorado, David; Moya, Àngel

    2017-07-01

    Atrial flutter ablation in CHD (Congenital Heart Disease) patients is a challenging procedure because of the possibility of multiple circuits. Electroanatomical mapping and pacing maneuvers are crucial to determine critical isthmus. Moreover, vascular abnormalities and residual cardiac defects need to be known before the ablation to decide the better strategy for ablation.

  3. Acquired Left Atrial-to-Right Ventricular Shunt with Mitral Valve Incompetence: A Rare Sequela after Repair of Atrioventricular Septal Defect

    OpenAIRE

    Mohapatra, Srikant; Minhas, Harpreet Singh; Virmani, Sanjula; Mishra, Bana Bihari; Mukherjee, Kaushik; Banerjee, Amit

    2009-01-01

    Acquired left ventricular-to-right atrial communication is encountered periodically. This condition is chiefly attributable to surgical mishaps, trauma, endocarditis, or endomyocardial biopsy. In a few instances, a Gerbode-like defect develops after the repair of an atrioventricular septal defect. Our search of the worldwide medical literature revealed just 1 report of a “mirror” occurrence of a Gerbode-like defect: a shunt between the left atrium and the right ventricle.

  4. Feasibility and safety of transthoracic echocardiography-guided transcatheter closure of atrial septal defects with deficient superior-anterior rims.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Gui-Shuang; Li, Hai-De; Yang, Jie; Zhang, Wen-Quan; Hou, Zong-Shen; Li, Qing-Chen; Zhang, Yun

    2012-01-01

    Although previous studies showed that transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) can be used to guide transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect (ASD), whether TTE can be used to guide transcatheter closure of secundum ASD with a deficient superior-anterior rim is unknown and this critical issue was addressed in the present study. A total of 280 patients with secundum ASD who underwent transcatheter ASD closure were recruited and divided into groups A and B depending on ASD superior-anterior rim>4 mm (n = 118) or ≤4 mm (n = 162). TTE was used to guide Amplatzer-type septal occluder (ASO) positioning and assess residual shunt. Procedure success was defined as no, trivial and small residual shunt immediately after the procedure as assessed by color Doppler flow imaging. Group A and group B did not differ in complication rate (8.55% vs.7.55%), procedure success rate (98.3% vs. 95.0%) or complete closure rate immediately after the procedure (89.7% vs. 89.3%) or at 6-month follow-up (98.3% vs. 96.8%). The mean procedure and fluoroscopy time in group B were much longer than those in group A. In conclusion, the absence of a sufficient superior-anterior rim in patients undergoing percutaneous closure of secundum-type ASDs using fluoroscopic and TTE guidance is associated with slightly greater device malposition and migration as well as increased procedural and fluoroscopic times, but the overall complication rate did not differ with TTE guidance when compared to historical controls that used TEE guidance.

  5. Cardiac remodeling and effects on exercise capacity after interventional closure of atrial septal defects in different adult age groups.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jategaonkar, Smita; Scholtz, Werner; Schmidt, Henning; Fassbender, Dieter; Horstkotte, Dieter

    2010-03-01

    Interventional closure of atrial septal defects (ASD) has become a standard procedure in pediatric and adult patients. We report immediate and mid-term results in different adult age groups. A retrospective analysis of 332 patients undergoing percutaneous ASD closure between 1998 and 2008 was performed. Beside echocardiographic and hemodynamic measurements, the NYHA functional class was assessed before and after ASD closure. The peak oxygen uptake (VO(2peak)) was available in a subgroup of 154 patients. The different age groups did not differ significantly in shunt volume or defect diameter, but a significant increase could be detected in mean pulmonary arterial pressure, mean left atrial pressure and pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR9 with increasing age). Right ventricular enlargement was present in all age groups, but the degree of enlargement increased with age. Transcatheter ASD closure was successful in 99.4%, major adverse events occurred in four patients (1.2%). At 3 months from closure, 123 patients reported an improvement, 7 of worsening and 163 of no change in their functional capacity. A significant increase in VO(2peak) could be registered in all subgroups after ASD closure. When classified by shunt volume no change could be detected in VO(2peak) in the patients with a Q(p):Q(s) 2 had a highly significant VO(2peak) increase. Patients benefit from interventional closure of hemodynamically significant ASD regardless of their age. However, the defect should be repaired as early as possible to prevent hemodynamic complications, such as the development of pulmonary hypertension and cardiac arrhythmias.

  6. Late infectious endocarditis of surgical patch closure of atrial septal defects diagnosed by 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose gated cardiac computed tomography (18F-FDG-PET/CT): a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Honnorat, Estelle; Seng, Piseth; Riberi, Alberto; Habib, Gilbert; Stein, Andreas

    2016-08-24

    In contrast to percutaneous atrial septal occluder device, surgical patch closure of atrial defects was known to be no infective endocarditis risk. We herein report the first case of late endocarditis of surgical patch closure of atrial septal defects occurred at 47-year after surgery. On September 2014, a 56-year-old immunocompetent French Caucasian man was admitted into the Emergency Department for 3-week history of headache, acute decrease of psychomotor performance and fever at 40 °C. The diagnosis has been evoked during his admission for the management of a brain abscess and confirmed using 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose gated cardiac computed tomography (18F-FDG-PET/CT). Bacterial cultures of surgical deep samples of brain abscess were positive for Streptococcus intermedius and Aggregatibacter aphrophilus as identified by the matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry and confirmed with 16S rRNA gene sequencing. The patient was treated by antibiotics for 8 weeks and surgical patch closure removal. In summary, late endocarditis on surgical patch and on percutaneous atrial septal occluder device of atrial septal defects is rare. Cardiac imaging by the 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose gated cardiac computed tomography (18F-FDG-PET/CT) could improve the diagnosis and care endocarditis on surgical patch closure of atrial septal defects while transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography remained difficult to interpret.

  7. Syndrome of extreme insulin resistance (Rabson-Mendenhall phenotype) with atrial septal defect: clinical presentation and treatment outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dutta, Deep; Maisnam, Indira; Ghosh, Sujoy; Mukhopadhyay, Satinath; Chowdhury, Subhankar

    2013-01-01

    Syndrome of extreme insulin resistance (SEIR) is a rare spectrum disorder with a primary defect in insulin receptor signalling, noted primarily in children, and is often difficult to diagnose due to the clinical heterogeneity.SEIR was diagnosed in an adolescent girl with facial dysmorphism,exuberant scalp and body hair, severe acanthosis, lipoatrophy, dental abnormalities, and short stature (Rabson-Mendenhall phenotype). She had elevated fasting (422.95 pmol/L) and post-glucose insulin levels(>2083 pmol/L). Total body fat was decreased (11%; dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry). Basal growth hormone (GH) was increased (7.9 μg/L)with normal insuline-like growth factor 1 (37.6 nmol/L) suggestive of GH resistance. She had fatty liver and polycystic ovaries. Echocardiography revealed ostium secundum type atrial septal defect (ASD). Blood glucose normalized with pioglitazone (30 mg/day). Delayed development, severe insulin resistance, mild hyperglycemia, absence of ketosis, and remarkable response of hyperinsulinemia and hyperglycemia to pioglitazone which persisted even after 1 year of diagnosis are some of the notable features of this patient. This is perhaps the first report of occurrence of congenital heart disease (ASD) in a patient of SEIR (Rabson-Mendenhall phenotype). This report highlights the clinical features of SEIR and the role of insulin sensitizers like pioglitazone in the management of such patients.

  8. Bronchial compression in an infant with isolated secundum atrial septal defect associated with severe pulmonary arterial hypertension

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sung-Hee Park

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Symptomatic pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH in patients with isolated atrial septal defect (ASD is rare during infancy. We report a case of isolated ASD with severe PAH in an infant who developed airway obstruction as cardiomegaly progressed. The patient presented with recurrent severe respiratory insufficiency and failure to thrive before the repair of the ASD. Echocardiography confirmed volume overload on the right side of heart and severe PAH (tricuspid regurgitation [TR] with a peak pressure gradient of 55 to 60 mmHg. The chest radiographs demonstrated severe collapse of both lung fields, and a computed tomography scan showed narrowing of the main bronchus because of an intrinsic cause, as well as a dilated pulmonary artery compressing the main bronchus on the left and the intermediate bronchus on the right. ASD patch closure was performed when the infant was 8 months old. After the repair of the ASD, echocardiography showed improvement of PAH (TR with a peak pressure gradient of 22 to 26 mmHg, and the patient has not developed recurrent respiratory infections while showing successful catch-up growth. In infants with symptomatic isolated ASD, especially in those with respiratory insufficiency associated with severe PAH, extrinsic airway compression should be considered. Correcting any congenital heart diseases in these patients may improve their symptoms.

  9. Preventive echocardiographic examination in athletes and workers – Quadricuspid aortic valve and atrial septal aneurysm in a young basketball player

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karina Wierzbowska-Drabik

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Ensuring safety of young athletes and employees who perform hard physical work within the scope of their professional duties, with a special focus on prevention of a sudden cardiac death at sports fields or during hard physical work is one of the most important tasks, which demands joint effort of cardiologists and sport physicians or occupational physicians, who qualify patients for a job or a sport discipline. Apart from hypertrophic and arhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy, coronary anomalies and aortic dissection belong to the most frequent causes of dramatic complications during competitive exercise or work with an increased energy expenditure. Although a detailed medical history and a physical examination combined with 12-lead ECG assessment may significantly improve the safety in competitive sports, adding echocardiography examination gives a detailed and noninvasive insight into the heart morphology and function. Therefore, in our opinion, it should constitute a standard part of the evaluation of candidates for competitive sports. The practice indicates that beyond subjects with severe heart diseases and those classified as normal, there is a group of individuals with abnormalities which should be more closely monitored, but are not contraindications against professional sports or work with an increased energy expenditure. We describe the case of a young female with a diagnosis of rare congenital aortic valve disease, quadricuspid valve, with mild regurgitation and atrial septal aneurysm which was established during transthoracic echocardiography and confirmed and expanded during TEE examination.

  10. Atrial septal defect in adults: echocardiography and cardiopulmonary exercise capacity associated with hemodynamics before and after surgical closure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suchon, Elzbieta; Tracz, Wieslawa; Podolec, Piotr; Sadowski, Jerzy

    2005-10-01

    The study aimed to evaluate pre and postoperative echocardiographic data and exercise capacity in relation to age and hemodynamics in adults with atrial septal defect (ASD). Fifty-two subjects with ASD (mean age: 38.6+/-15 years) were enrolled. Echocardiography and cardiopulmonary exercise test were performed before and a year after surgery. Pre and postoperative data were analyzed for the entire group and then compared in terms of age: or=40 years, right ventricular systolic pressure (RVSP): 30 mmHg and pulmonary to systemic flow ratio (Qp/Qs): or=2.5. After surgery right ventricle dimension decreased in all patients, although it remained significantly larger in patients over 40 years. There was a negative correlation between peak oxygen uptake and preoperative RVSP (r=-0.69, PExercise capacity improved irrespective of the age at surgery, preoperative RVSP and Qp/Qs, although it failed to normalize in patients with RVSP >30 mmHg. Adults with ASD benefit from surgical closure irrespective of the actual age at surgery. Patient's age at surgery and pulmonary hypertension crucially impact the results of surgical intervention. Early defect correction is therefore highly recommendable, specifically with a view to preventing the hemodynamic consequences of ASD.

  11. Feasibility, Safety and Long-Term Follow-Up of Transcatheter Closure of Secundum Atrial Septal Defects with Deficient Rims.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cao, Chunhui; Wang, Zhonghua; Huang, Jun; Fan, Lingxia; Li, Ren; Wang, Shushui; Li, Yufen; Zhang, Zhiwei

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this work was to evaluate the feasibility and safety of transcatheter closure procedures for the treatment of atrial septal defects (ASDs) with insufficient rims. A total of 507 secondary ASDs were divided into two groups based on whether they had deficient rims or not (152 vs. 355 cases, respectively). Any complications, including residual shunt, heart arrhythmia, occluder translocation, etc., were followed up for 1-3 years. There were no differences in gender, weight, exposure time, ECG states, pulmonary pressure, the intervention success rate, occurrence of residual shunt, the operation time and occurrence of residual shunt during follow-up between the two groups (p > 0.05). However, the occurrence of rhythm disorders was significantly different between the two groups; ASDs with deficient rims were at an elevated risk (p rims group at 24 h postoperation, but no differences in arrhythmia incidence at any of the other follow-up time points (1, 3, 6, 12 and 36 months; p > 0.05). Patients with deficient rims experience a high success rate of ASD intervention and low rate of complications when the procedures are performed by experienced operators. © 2016 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  12. Right Ventricular Outflow Tract Velocity Time Integral Determination in 570 Healthy Children and in 52 Pediatric Atrial Septal Defect Patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koestenberger, Martin; Nage, Bert; Ravekes, William; Avian, Alexander; Burmas, Ante; Grangl, Gernot; Cvirn, Gerhard; Gamillscheg, Andreas

    2015-08-01

    Determination of the right ventricular outflow tract velocity time integral (RVOT VTI) is an important part of the noninvasive investigation of pulmonary blood flow in adults; however, age-related pediatric reference data are lacking. We examined growth-related changes of RVOT VTI values in children and the predictive value of RVOT VTI values in identifying enhanced pulmonary blood flow in children with secundum type atrial septal defect (ASD). A prospective study was conducted in a group of 570 healthy children and 52 children with a moderate-sized to large ASD. We determined the effects of age, body length (BL), body weight (BW), and body surface area (BSA) on RVOT VTI values. The predictive value of normal values stratified for age, BW, BL, and BSA was tested in our 52 ASD children. RVOT VTI values ranged from mean 9.7 ± 1.2 cm in neonates to 23.3 ± 2.7 cm in children with 18 years of age and showed a positive correlation with age, BL, BSA, and BW. In our population, RVOT VTI z-scores showed a high specificity for detecting ASD patients (>97 %) with sensitivity up to 71 %. We provide normal ranges and calculated z-scores of pediatric RVOT VTI values. Normal RVOT VTI z-scores might be additional predictors in identifying increased pulmonary blood flow in patients with ASD.

  13. Genome-wide association study of multiple congenital heart disease phenotypes identifies a susceptibility locus for atrial septal defect at chromosome 4p16

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cordell, Heather J.; Bentham, Jamie; Topf, Ana; Zelenika, Diana; Heath, Simon; Mamasoula, Chrysovalanto; Cosgrove, Catherine; Blue, Gillian; Granados-Riveron, Javier; Setchfield, Kerry; Thornborough, Chris; Breckpot, Jeroen; Soemedi, Rachel; Martin, Ruairidh; Rahman, Thahira J.; Hall, Darroch; van Engelen, Klaartje; Moorman, Antoon F.M.; Zwinderman, Aelko H; Barnett, Phil; Koopmann, Tamara T.; Adriaens, Michiel E.; Varro, Andras; George, Alfred L.; dos Remedios, Christobal; Bishopric, Nanette H.; Bezzina, Connie R.; O’Sullivan, John; Gewillig, Marc; Bu’Lock, Frances A.; Winlaw, David; Bhattacharya, Shoumo; Devriendt, Koen; Brook, J. David; Mulder, Barbara J.M.; Mital, Seema; Postma, Alex V.; Lathrop, G. Mark; Farrall, Martin; Goodship, Judith A.; Keavney, Bernard D.

    2013-01-01

    We carried out a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of congenital heart disease (CHD). Our discovery cohort comprised 1,995 CHD cases and 5,159 controls, and included patients from each of the three major clinical CHD categories (septal, obstructive and cyanotic defects). When all CHD phenotypes were considered together, no regions achieved genome-wide significant association. However, a region on chromosome 4p16, adjacent to the MSX1 and STX18 genes, was associated (P=9.5×10−7) with the risk of ostium secundum atrial septal defect (ASD) in the discovery cohort (N=340 cases), and this was replicated in a further 417 ASD cases and 2520 controls (replication P=5.0×10−5; OR in replication cohort 1.40 [95% CI 1.19-1.65]; combined P=2.6×10−10). Genotype accounted for ~9% of the population attributable risk of ASD. PMID:23708191

  14. Robotic-assisted closure of atrial septal defect under real-time three-dimensional echo guide: in vitro study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suematsu, Yoshihiro; Kiaii, Bob; Bainbridge, Daniel T; del Nido, Pedro J; Novick, Richard J

    2007-10-01

    Several advances in robotic technology and imaging systems have enabled the broad application of minimally invasive techniques in cardiac surgery. We have previously demonstrated that real-time three-dimensional echocardiography (RT3DE) provided adequate imaging and anatomic detail to act as a sole guide for surgical task performance. In this study, we examined the feasibility of robotic-assisted RT3DE-guided repair of atrial septal defect (ASD) in an in vitro study. Exp. I: An RT3DE system with x4 matrix transducer (Sonos 7500, Philips Medical Systems, Andover, MA) was compared to two-dimensional echo (2DE) in the performance of common surgical tasks with the da Vinci Robotic Surgical System (Intuitive Surgical, Sunnyvale, CA). Completion times and deviation of suture from an echogenic target (mm) were measured. Exp. II: Porcine ASDs (n=10) were created and closed with robotic-assisted direct suturing in a water bath. During all experiments the operator was blinded to the target and operated only under ultrasonic guidance. Compared to 2DE guidance, completion times improved by 70% (probotic system was significantly smaller (2DE: 4+/-2mm, 3DE: 0.2+/-0.3mm, p=0.0002) in RT3DE-guided tasks. RT3DE provided satisfactory images and sufficient anatomical detail for suturing. All surgical tasks were successfully performed with accuracy. These initial experiments demonstrate the feasibility of robotic-assisted direct closure of ASD under RT3DE guidance. An endoscopic port access approach may be possible with refinements in telemanipulator technology and further development of the transesophageal echo transducer.

  15. Cardiac alpha-myosin (MYH6 is the predominant sarcomeric disease gene for familial atrial septal defects.

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    Maximilian G Posch

    Full Text Available Secundum-type atrial septal defects (ASDII account for approximately 10% of all congenital heart defects (CHD and are associated with a familial risk. Mutations in transcription factors represent a genetic source for ASDII. Yet, little is known about the role of mutations in sarcomeric genes in ASDII etiology. To assess the role of sarcomeric genes in patients with inherited ASDII, we analyzed 13 sarcomeric genes (MYH7, MYBPC3, TNNT2, TCAP, TNNI3, MYH6, TPM1, MYL2, CSRP3, ACTC1, MYL3, TNNC1, and TTN kinase region in 31 patients with familial ASDII using array-based resequencing. Genotyping of family relatives and control subjects as well as structural and homology analyses were used to evaluate the pathogenic impact of novel non-synonymous gene variants. Three novel missense mutations were found in the MYH6 gene encoding alpha-myosin heavy chain (R17H, C539R, and K543R. These mutations co-segregated with CHD in the families and were absent in 370 control alleles. Interestingly, all three MYH6 mutations are located in a highly conserved region of the alpha-myosin motor domain, which is involved in myosin-actin interaction. In addition, the cardiomyopathy related MYH6-A1004S and the MYBPC3-A833T mutations were also found in one and two unrelated subjects with ASDII, respectively. No mutations were found in the 11 other sarcomeric genes analyzed. The study indicates that sarcomeric gene mutations may represent a so far underestimated genetic source for familial recurrence of ASDII. In particular, perturbations in the MYH6 head domain seem to play a major role in the genetic origin of familial ASDII.

  16. Clinical comparison of robotic minimally invasive surgery and transcatheter interventional occlusion for adult secundum atrial septal defect

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    Cheng WANG

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective  To assess the safety and efficiency of robotic minimally invasive surgery and transcatheter interventional occlusion for treatment of adult secundum atrial septal defect (ASD by comparing the early and recent postoperative follow-up results of the two minimally invasive surgery. Methods  Thirty adult patients with secundum ASD, who admitted to the General Hospital of PLA from Jan. 2008 to Dec. 2014 and received treatment of da Vinci Surgical System, were recruited as TEASD-R group, meanwhile, another 30 adult patients who received transcatheter interventional occlusion were recruited under the strict 1:1 criterion as TIASD-O group. The early postoperative complications, in-hospital conditions, recent postoperative follow-up results and the quality of life 30d and 6 months after operation were compared and retrospectively analyzed between the two groups. Results  The success rates of surgery were 100% in the both groups, no early and recent postoperative complications (residual shunt, pericardial effusion, cerebral infarction, peripheral vascular embolism, new arrhythmia, etc. were found in TEASD-R group. While some of corresponding complications existed in TISAD-O group, and the differences were of statistical significance (P<0.05 between the two groups in the incidence of postoperative new arrhythmia, tricuspid incompetence and pulmonary hypertension, as well as in the early size of right atrium and in-hospital time. SF-36 quality of life questionnaire showed that the difference of somatic pain 30d after operation was of statistical significance (P<0.05 between the two groups, but the difference disappeared 6 months after operation. Conclusion  Robotic minimally invasive surgery for adult secundum ASD is feasible, safe and efficacious since no postoperative complications occurred such as tricuspid incompetence and pulmonary hypertension, but the longer operative and inhosptial time are the shortages of the operation. DOI: 10

  17. Role of hybrid operating room in surgery for the right atrial thrombus, pulmonary thrombi, and ventricular septal rupture after myocardial infarction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Ajmer; Mehta, Yatin; Parakh, Rajiv; Kohli, Vijay; Trehan, Naresh

    2016-01-01

    Free-floating right heart thrombi are uncommon and need emergency treatment in view of their tendency to dislodge and cause pulmonary embolism. We report a successful surgical management of a patient who had large mobile right atrial thrombus, bilateral pulmonary thrombi, coronary artery disease, and postmyocardial infarction ventricular septal rupture (VSR). The patient underwent coronary angiography, inferior vena cava filter placement, removal of thrombi from the right atrium and pulmonary arteries, repair of VSR, and coronary artery bypass graft surgery in a hybrid operating room.

  18. Closure of a high ventricular septal defect after transcatheter aortic valve implantation with an atrial septal occluder-hybrid treatment for a rare complication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamm, Karsten; Reents, Wilko; Kerber, Sebastian; Diegeler, Anno

    2017-03-01

    A patient with porcelain aorta underwent transcatheter aortic valve implantation with a self-expandable prosthesis for severe aortic stenosis. After postdilatation trace paravalvular regurgitation was accepted. 10 weeks later the patient returned with complete heart block and underwent pacemaker implantation. A new heart murmur prompted further investigation. A ventricular septal defect from the left ventricular outflow tract into the right ventricle was detected. It was successfully closed under direct surgical visualization and total cardiopulmonary bypass in an aortic no touch approach. Closure was accomplished with a percutaneous Amplatzer-PFO-occluder. Functional result was excellent. © The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. All rights reserved.

  19. Percutaneous closure of large VSD using a home-made fenestrated atrial septal occluder in 18-year-old with pulmonary hypertension.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamali, Hacer; Saritas, Turkay; Erdem, Abdullah; Akdeniz, Celal; Tuzcu, Volkan

    2014-06-09

    Hemodynamically significant muscular ventricular septal defects in children after the infantile period are a rare occurrence and ideal for transcatheter closure. In cases of severe concomitant pulmonary hypertension, it may be necessary to fenestrate the device. In this report, we present an 18-year old patient with a large mid-trabecular ventricular septal defect and severe pulmonary hypertension that underwent percutaneous closure of the defect with a home-made fenestrated atrial septal occluder. An 18-year-old female patient referred to us with complaints of dyspnea (NYHA score of 2-3). Physical examination revealed an apical rumble and a harsh second heart sound. Echocardiographic examination revealed a large mid-trabecular ventricular septal defect with bidirectional shunt and the widest diameter measuring 22 mm on 2D echocardiography. Left and right heart cavities were enlarged. Before and after the vasoreactivity test performed during cardiac catheterization, average aortic pressure was 65 → 86 mmHg, average pulmonary artery pressure: 58 → 73 mmHg, Qp/Qs: 1.6 → 3.2, PVR: 4.6 → 4.3 Wood/U/m2 and PVR/SVR: 0.5 → 0.2. On left-ventricular angiocardiogram, the largest end-diastolic defect diameter was 21 mm. The closure procedure was performed with transthoracic echocardiographic guidance, using a 24 mm Cera septal occluder and a 14 F sheath dilator to make a 4.5-5 mm opening. Measured immediately after the procedure and during cardiac catheterization one month later, average aortic pressure was 75 → 75 mmHg, average pulmonary artery pressure: 66 → 30 mmHg, Qp/Qs 1.5 → 1.4, PVR: 4.4 → 2.9 Wood/U/m2 and PVR/SVR: 0.4 → 0.2. Transthoracic echocardiographic examination performed 24 hours after the procedure showed a max 35-40 mmHg gradient between the left and right ventricles through the fenestration. After the procedure, we observed sporadic early ventricular systoles and a nodal rhythm disorder

  20. Atrial septal defect

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... years old) ECG Heart MRI Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) Treatment ASD may not need treatment if there are few or no symptoms, or ... often not cause problems, or will close without treatment. Larger ASDs (8 to 10 mm), often do not close ...

  1. Maternal alcohol drinking pattern during pregnancy and the risk for an offspring with an isolated congenital heart defect and in particular a ventricular septal defect or an atrial septal defect.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strandberg-Larsen, Katrine; Skov-Ettrup, Lise Skrubbeltrang; Grønbaek, Morten; Andersen, Anne-Marie Nybo; Olsen, Jørn; Tolstrup, Janne

    2011-07-01

    This cohort study examines the possible association between maternal alcohol intake, including binge drinking, during pregnancy, and the subsequent risk of having a child with an isolated congenital heart defect and, more specifically, with the isolated form of ventricular septal defect (VSD) or of an atrial septal defect (ASD). Participants were 80,346 pregnant women who were enrolled into the Danish National Birth Cohort in 1996-2002 and gave birth to a live-born singleton without any chromosome anomalies. Twice during pregnancy these women were asked about their intake of alcohol. Few (if any) women with an excessive/abusive intake of alcohol were enrolled into the Danish National Birth Cohort. Through linkage with the National Hospital Discharge Registry, we identified 477 infants with a diagnosis of isolated congenital heart defect registered at any time during their first 3½-years of life; they included 198 infants with a VSD and 145 with an ASD. Neither the number of episodes of binge drinking nor binge drinking during three different developmental periods was associated with VSD or ASD. Women drinking ½-1½, 2, and 3+ drinks of alcohol per week had adjusted prevalence ratios of delivering an infant with a VSD of 1.22 (95% CI = 0.90-1.66); 1.38 (95% CI = 0.83-2.28); and 1.10 (95% CI = 0.54-2.23), respectively. The test for trend was 0.29. Prenatal exposure to low-to-moderate levels of alcohol on a weekly basis or occasional binge drinking during the early part of pregnancy was not statistical significantly associated with the prevalence of isolated VSD and ASD in offspring. Copyright © 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

  2. Oclusión transitoria de comunicación interauricular en el síndrome de Lutembacher Temporary occlusion of atrial septal defect in the Lutembacher syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro E. Contreras

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Se describe una paciente de 82 años de edad, con síntomas de insuficiencia cardíaca avanzada e hipertensión arterial pulmonar. Un ecocardiograma transtorácico mostró una comunicación interauricular tipo ostium secundum y estenosis valvular mitral concomitante (síndrome de Lutembacher. La valoración ecocardiográfica de la enfermedad mitral se vio dificultada por la presencia del defecto interauricular. Se realizó test de oclusión percutánea transitoria de la comunicación interauricular, observándose la aparición de estenosis valvular mitral grave. El tamaño del defecto interauricular modificó las manifestaciones clínicas y el test de oclusión transitoria ayudó a decidir la conducta terapéutica.We report the case of an 82 year-old woman with symptoms of advanced heart failure and pulmonary arterial hypertension. An echocardiogram showed an ostium secundum type atrial septal defect and concomitant mitral valve stenosis (Lutembacher syndrome. Echocardiographic assessment of mitral pathology was hampered by the interatrial septal defect. Transient percutaneous occlusion test of the atrial septal defect was performed and severe mitral valve stenosis was detected. Atrial septal defect size modified the clinical manifestations and the transient occlusion test helped to decide the therapeutic strategy.

  3. An inferior sinus venosus interatrial communication associated with a secundum atrial septal defect, clinically presenting in an adult patient: autopsy report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvana Maria Lovisolo

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Atrial septal defects (ASD are the most common congenital cardiac lesionin adults, representing up to 40% of acyanotic shunt lesions in patients olderthan 40 years. Secundum ASD comprises defects in the area of the ovalfossa, and may be associated with other types of interatrial communications.We present a case of a 25 year-old female patient who was asymptomaticuntil the age 22 when she started presenting exertion dyspnea and lowerlimbs edema, during her third pregnancy. The patient was admitted in theemergency department because of a febrile respiratory distress syndromedying in less than 36 hours after her arrival. The autopsy examination revealedpneumonia and a secundum ASD, associated with a rare form of interatrialcommunication, the inferior sinus venosus defect, which is characterized byan anomalous connection of the right pulmonary veins to the inferior caval veinat its opening in the right atrial cavity, while retaining partially their connectionto the left atrium. A dysplastic and thickened mitral valve was also present.Signs of pulmonary hypertension confirm the Eisenmenger syndrome in thisadult patient.

  4. Ventricular septal defect in infants and children with increased pulmonary vascular resistance and pulmonary hypertension--surgical management: leaving an atrial level communication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khan, Inam Ullah; Ahmed, Iftikhar; Mufti, Waqar A; Rashid, Azhar; Khan, Asif Ali; Ahmed, Syed Afzal; Imran, Muhammad

    2006-01-01

    To evaluate the surgical and medical efficacy of the patients operated for Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD) with Pulmonary Hypertension and Pulmonary Vascular Resistance (PVR). Infants and children with elevated PVR and Pulmonary Hypertension are associated with significant mortality and morbidity after surgical closure. Circulatory assist devices and sophisticated medicines may not be available to help in the management of infants and children with elevated Pulmonary artery pressure and resistance. We left Patent Foramen Ovale (PFO) or made atrial communication to decrease the morbidity and mortality associated with the closure of large VSD in this risky group. Sixteen infants and children were operated with median age of 12 months, operated by the same surgeon (IU), from January' 2004 to December' 2005. They were with large VSD of elevated PVR (3.9+0.3) and underwent VSD closure leaving PFO or artificial ASD (5mm). Surgical approach was through right atrium. Post operatively, all the patients were electively ventilated for 36 hours. They were given intravenous dilators (Glyceral Trinitrate + Phentolamine) and oral Sildenafil up to 1 mg /Kg, six hourly. Five cases went into acute pulmonary hypertensive crisis postoperatively, and were rescued by Prostacycline Nebulization. Sixteen patients had VSD as the primary lesion that underwent operation. The overall early mortality was 6.25% (1/16). There have been no late deaths. Closure of large VSD with elevated PVR can be performed, leaving PFO or artificial ASD, with acceptable mortality and morbidity.

  5. Right Ventricular Outflow Tract (RVOT) Changes in Children with an Atrial Septal Defect: Focus on RVOT Velocity Time Integral, RVOT Diameter, and RVOT Systolic Excursion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koestenberger, Martin; Ravekes, William; Avian, Alexander; Grangl, Gernot; Burmas, Ante; Raith, Wolfgang; Cvirn, Gerhard; Grillitsch, Marlene; Gamillscheg, Andreas

    2016-09-01

    Aim of the study was to determine the influence of right heart volume overload in children with atrial septal defect (ASD) on right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) variables. A prospective study was conducted in 115 children (age range: 2 days-18.1 years) with a moderate to large ASD. We determined effects of age, body length (BL), body weight (BW), and body surface area (BSA) on the variables RVOT diameter, RVOT velocity time integral (VTI), and RVOT systolic excursion (SE), and tested the predictive value of published normal values for age, BW, BL, and BSA in our ASD patients. In our pediatric ASD patients, the age-specific RVOT diameter (z-score: +2.2, 95% CI: 2.0-2.4, P 2.0. The age-specific RVOT VTI z-score (z-score: +3.6, 95% CI: 3.2-3.9, P 2.0. The age-specific RVOT SE z-score was not increased but slightly lower compared to normal values (z-score: -0.5, 95% CI: -0.7 to -0.3, P 2.0 while 12% of the patients had a z-score children with moderate to large ASD. © 2016, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  6. Ablação por cateter do flutter atrial. Caracterização eletrofisiológica da interrupção da condução pelos istmos posterior e septal Catheter ablation of atrial flutter. Electrophysiological characterization of posterior and septal isthmus block

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Marcos Moreira

    1998-07-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar os tipos de bloqueio obtidos nos istmos posterior (entre o anel tricuspídeo e veia cava inferior e septal (entre o anel tricuspídeo e óstio do seio coronário, após ablação do flutter atrial (FLA. MÉTODOS: Foram submetidos à ablação por radiofreqüência (RF 14 pacientes com FLA tipo I (9 homens em 16 procedimentos. A ativação atrial ao redor do anel tricuspídeo foi avaliada em ritmo sinusal utilizando-se cateter "Halo" com 10 pares de eletrodos (H1-2 a H19-20, durante estimulação do seio coronário proximal (SCP e região póstero-lateral do átrio direito (H1-2, antes e após ablações lineares. De acordo com a frente de programação do impulso definiu-se: ausência de bloqueio (condução bidirecional, bloqueio incompleto (condução bidirecional com retardo num dos sentidos e bloqueio completo (ausência de condução pelo istmo. O intervalo desta ativação (deltaSCP/H1-2 foi analisado. RESULTADOS: Bloqueio completo foi obtido em 7 procedimentos (44% e incompleto em 4 (25%. O deltaSCP/H1-2 foi de 74 ± 26ms no primeiro grupo e de 30,5 ± 7,5ms no segundo (pPURPOSE: Evaluate the different types of conduction blocks obtained between inferior vena cava-tricuspid annulus (posterior isthmus and between tricuspid annulus-coronary sinus ostium (septal isthmus after radiofrequency (RF catheter ablation of atrial flutter (AFL METHODS: In 16 procedures, 14 patients (pts, 9 male, with type I AFL underwent RF ablation. Atrial activation around tricuspid annulus was performed with a 10-bipole "Halo" catheter (H1-2; H19-20. In sinus rhythm, isthmus conduction was evaluated during proximal coronary sinus (PCS and low lateral right atrium (H1-2 pacing, before and after linear ablation. According to the wave front of impulse propagation we assessed absence of block (bidirectional conduction; incomplete block (bidirectional conduction with delay in one front of impulse propagation and complete block (absence of conduction

  7. Evaluation of left-to-right shunts in adults with atrial septal defect using first-pass radionuclide cardiography

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kelbaek, H; Aldershvile, J; Svendsen, Jesper Hastrup

    1992-01-01

    outputs of the right and left ventricle was 0.04 l.min-1, the limits of agreement -0.80 to 0.88 l.min-1 and the 95% confidence interval for the bias -0.14 to 0.22 l.min-1. Right-sided cardiac catheterization was performed to assess the severity of the arterio-venous shunt by oximetry in 18 adult patients......Non-invasive determination of left-to-right shunts at the atrial level was performed by a new procedure using first-pass radionuclide measurement of cardiac output of the right and left ventricle. In 23 patients with coronary artery disease without shunt the mean difference between the cardiac...

  8. Dynamic characteristic mechanism of atrial septal defect using real-time three-dimensional echocardiography and evaluation of right ventricular functions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharen, Gao-Wa; Zhang, Jun; Qin, Chuan; Lv, Qing

    2017-02-01

    The dynamic characteristics of the area of the atrial septal defect (ASD) were evaluated using the technique of real-time three-dimensional echocardiography (RT 3DE), the potential factors responsible for the dynamic characteristics of the area of ASD were observed, and the overall and local volume and functions of the patients with ASD were measured. RT 3DE was performed on the 27 normal controls and 28 patients with ASD. Based on the three-dimensional data workstations, the area of ASD was measured at P wave vertex, R wave vertex, T wave starting point, and T wave terminal point and in the T-P section. The right atrial volume in the same time phase of the cardiac cycle and the motion displacement distance of the tricuspid annulus in the corresponding period were measured. The measured value of the area of ASD was analyzed. The changes in the right atrial volume and the motion displacement distance of the tricuspid annulus in the normal control group and the ASD group were compared. The right ventricular ejection fractions in the normal control group and the ASD group were compared using the RT 3DE long-axis eight-plane (LA 8-plane) method. Real-time three-dimensional volume imaging was performed in the normal control group and ASD group (n=30). The right ventricular inflow tract, outflow tract, cardiac apex muscular trabecula dilatation, end-systolic volume, overall dilatation, end-systolic volume, and appropriate local and overall ejection fractions in both two groups were measured with the four-dimensional right ventricular quantitative analysis method (4D RVQ) and compared. The overall right ventricular volume and the ejection fraction measured by the LA 8-plane method and 4D RVQ were subjected to a related analysis. Dynamic changes occurred to the area of ASD in the cardiac cycle. The rules for dynamic changes in the area of ASD and the rules for changes in the right atrial volume in the cardiac cycle were consistent. The maximum value of the changes in the

  9. Fabrication and characterization of chitosan nanoparticles and collagen-loaded polyurethane nanocomposite membrane coated with heparin for atrial septal defect (ASD) closure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaiser, Eva; Jaganathan, Saravana Kumar; Supriyanto, Eko; Ayyar, Manikandan

    2017-07-01

    Atrial septal defect (ASD) constitutes 30-40% of all congenital heart diseases in adults. The most common complications in the treatment of ASD are embolization of the device and thrombosis formation. In this research, an occluding patch was developed for ASD treatment using a well-known textile technology called electrospinning. For the first time, a cardiovascular occluding patch was fabricated using medical grade polyurethane (PU) loaded with bioactive agents namely chitosan nanoparticles (Cn) and collagen (Co) which is then coated with heparin (Hp). Fourier transform infrared spectrum showed characteristic vibrations of several active constituents and changes in the absorbance due to the inclusion of active ingredients in the patch. The contact angle analysis demonstrated no significant decrease in contact angle compared to the control and the composite patches. The structure of the electrospun nanocomposite (PUCnCoHp) was examined through scanning electron microscopy. A decrease in nanofiber diameter between control PU and PUCnCoHp nanocomposite was observed. Water uptake was found to be decreased for the PUCnCoHp nanocomposite against the control. The hemocompatibility properties of the PUCnCoHp ASD occluding patch was inferred through in vitro hemocompatibility tests like activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), prothrombin time (PT) and hemolysis assay. It was found that the PT and APTT time was significantly prolonged for the fabricated PUCnCoHp ASD occluding patch compared to the control. Likewise, the hemolysis percentage was also decreased for the PUCnCoHp ASD patch against the control. In conclusion, the developed PUCnCoHp patch demonstrates potential properties to be used for ASD occlusion.

  10. Puncture Wounds

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... particles of which can get trapped in the wound. Treatment A puncture wound must be cleaned properly and ... play a crucial role in preventing them. Puncture Wounds: What You Should Do Seek treatment right away. Get a tetanus shot if needed ( ...

  11. Hemostasis of Left Atrial Appendage Bleed With Lariat Device

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amena Hussain, MD

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available New devices designed for minimally invasive closure of the left atrial appendage (LAA may be a viable alternative for patients in whom anticoagulation is considered high risk. The Lariat (Sentreheart, Redwood City, CA, which is currently FDA-approved for percutaneous closure of tissue, requires both trans-septal puncture and epicardial access. However it requires no anticoagulation after the procedure. Here we describe a case of effusion and tamponade during a Lariat procedure with successful completion of the case and resolution of the effusion.

  12. Incremental Value of Live/Real Time Three-Dimensional over Two-Dimensional Transesophageal Echocardiography in the Assessment of Atrial Septal Pouch.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elsayed, Mahmoud; Hsiung, Ming C; Meggo-Quiroz, L David; Elguindy, Mostafa; Uygur, Begum; Tandon, Rohit; Guvenc, Tolga; Keser, Nurgul; Vural, Mustafa G; Bulur, Serkan; Chahwala, Jugal R; Abtahi, Firoozeh; Nanda, Navin C

    2015-12-01

    An atrial septal pouch (ASP) results from partial fusion of the septum primum and the septum secundum, and depending on the site of fusion, the pouch can be left-sided (LASP) or right-sided (RASP). LASPs have been described in association with thrombi found in patients admitted with acute strokes, raising awareness of its potential cardioembolic role, especially in those with no other clearly identifiable embolic source. We retrospectively studied 39 patients in whom the presence of an ASP had been identified by three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (3DTEE) and who had a two-dimensional transesophageal echocardiogram (2DTEE) performed during the same clinical encounter. The incremental value provided by 3DTEE over 2DTEE included the detection of six ASPs not found by 2DTEE; the detection of two ASPs in the same subject (in four patients) not identified by 2DTEE; larger ASP measurements of length and height in over 80% of the cases; and measurement of the ASP width (elevational axis) for the calculation of the area of the ASP opening, because of its unique capability to view the pouch en face. In addition, the volume of ASP and of the echogenic masses contained in the ASP (four of 39 patients) could be calculated by 3DTEE, which is a superior parameter of size characterization when compared to individual dimensions. One of these patients who presented with ischemic stroke diagnosed by magnetic resonance imaging had a large (>2 cm) mass in a LASP, with echolucencies similar to those seen in thrombi and associated with clot lysis and resolution. This mass completely disappeared on anticoagulant therapy lending credence that it was most likely a thrombus. There was no history of stroke or any other type of embolic event in the other three patients with masses in ASP. In conclusion, this retrospective study highlights the incremental value of 3DTEE over 2DTEE in the comprehensive assessment and characterization of ASPs, which can aid in the clarification of

  13. A comparison of ventricular function during high right ventricular septal and apical pacing after his-bundle ablation for refractory atrial fibrillation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mera, F; DeLurgio, D B; Patterson, R E; Merlino, J D; Wade, M E; León, A R

    1999-08-01

    This study compares LV performance during high right ventricular septal (RVS) and apical (RVA) pacing in patients with LV dysfunction who underwent His-bundle ablation for chronic AF. We inserted a passive fixation pacing electrode into the RVA and an active fixation electrode in the RVS. A dual chamber, rate responsive pulse generator stimulated the RVA through the ventricular port and the RVS via the atrial port. Patients were randomized to initial RVA (VVIR) or RVS (AAIR) pacing for 2 months. The pacing site was reversed during the next 2 months. At the 2 and 4 month follow-up visit, each patient underwent a transthoracic echocardiographical study and a rest/exercise first pass radionuclide ventriculogram. We studied nine men and three women (mean age of 68 +/- 7 years) with congestive heart failure functional Class (NYHA Classification): I (3 patients), II (7 patients), and III (2 patients). The QRS duration was shorter during RVS stimulation (158 +/- 10 vs 170 +/- 11 ms, P < 0.001). Chronic capture threshold and lead impedance did not significantly differ. LV fractional shortening improved during RVS pacing (0.31 +/- 0.05 vs 0.26 +/- 0.07, P < 0.01). RVS activation increased the resting first pass LV ejection fraction (0.51 +/- 0.14 vs 0.43 +/- 0.10, P < 0.01). No significant difference was observed during RVS and RVA pacing in the exercise time (5.6 +/- 3.2 vs 5.4 +/- 3.1, P = 0.6) or the exercise first pass LV ejection fraction (0.58 +/- 0.15 vs 0.55 +/- 0.16, P = 0.2). The relative changes in QRS duration and LV ejection fraction at both pacing sites showed a significant correlation (P < 0.01). We conclude that RVS pacing produces shorter QRS duration and better chronic LV function than RVA pacing in patients with mild to moderate LV dysfunction and chronic AF after His-bundle ablation.

  14. Atrial Septal Defect (For Kids)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... People, Places & Things That Help Feelings Q&A Movies & More Quizzes Kids' Dictionary of Medical Words En ... hole is cardiac catheterization. This method uses a thin, flexible tube called a catheter (say: KATH-uh- ...

  15. Sinus Venosus Atrial Septal Defect

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    the atria. The presence of PAPVR compounds the problem with additional left-to-right shunt pathways. While the exact embryology is controversial...Cardiology 2001; 87:305-09. 4. Sadley TW. Langman’s Medical Embryology , 7th ed. Williams and Wilkins 1995: 191-201. 5. Al Zaghal AM et. al

  16. Atrial Septal Defect (For Parents)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... location, and severity of the defect. Very small ASDs might not need any treatment. In other cases, the cardiologist may recommend follow-up visits for observation. Usually, though, if an ASD hasn't closed on its own by the ...

  17. Atrial Septal Defect (For Teens)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... ASDs happen during a baby's development in the mother's womb. Before birth, the heart develops from a ... around the mouth or on the lips and tongue loss of appetite weight loss feeling lethargic a ...

  18. Effect of Clopidogrel and Aspirin vs Aspirin Alone on Migraine Headaches After Transcatheter Atrial Septal Defect Closure: The CANOA Randomized Clinical Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodés-Cabau, Josep; Horlick, Eric; Ibrahim, Reda; Cheema, Asim N; Labinaz, Marino; Nadeem, Najaf; Osten, Mark; Côté, Mélanie; Marsal, Josep Ramon; Rivest, Donald; Marrero, Alier; Houde, Christine

    2015-11-24

    The occurrence of new-onset migraine attacks is a complication of transcatheter atrial septal defect (ASD) closure. It has been suggested that clopidogrel may reduce migraine attacks after ASD closure. To assess the efficacy of clopidogrel, used in addition to taking aspirin, for the prevention of migraine attacks following ASD closure. Randomized, double-blind clinical trial performed in 6 university hospitals in Canada. Participants were 171 patients with an indication for ASD closure and no history of migraine. Patients were randomized (1:1) to receive dual antiplatelet therapy (aspirin + clopidogrel [the clopidogrel group], n = 84) vs single antiplatelet therapy (aspirin + placebo [the placebo group], n = 87) for 3 months following transcatheter ASD closure. The first patient was enrolled in December 2008, and the last follow-up was completed in February 2015. The primary efficacy outcome was the monthly number of migraine days within the 3 months following ASD closure in the entire study population. The incidence and severity of new-onset migraine attacks, as evaluated by the Migraine Disability Assessment questionnaire, were prespecified secondary end points. A zero-inflated Poisson regression model was used for data analysis. The mean (SD) age of the participants was 49 (15) years and 62% (106) were women. Patients in the clopidogrel group had a reduced mean (SD) number of monthly migraine days within the 3 months following the procedure (0.4 [95% CI, 0.07 to 0.69] days) vs the placebo group (1.4 [95% CI, 0.54 to 2.26] days; difference, -1.02 days [95% CI, -1.94 to -0.10 days]; incident risk ratio [IRR], 0.61 [95% CI, 0.41 to 0.91]; P = .04) and a lower incidence of migraine attacks following ASD closure (9.5% for the clopidogrel group vs 21.8% for the placebo group; difference, -12.3% [95% CI, -23% to -1.6%]; odds ratio [OR], 0.38 [95% CI, 0.15 to 0.89]; P = .03). Among patients with migraines, those in the clopidogrel group had less

  19. Maternal alcohol drinking pattern during pregnancy and the risk for an offspring with an isolated congenital heart defect and in particular a ventricular septal defect or an atrial septal defect

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Strandberg-Larsen, Katrine; Skov-Ettrup, Lise Skrubbeltrang; Grønbaek, Morten

    2011-01-01

    BACKGROUND: This cohort study examines the possible association between maternal alcohol intake, including binge drinking, during pregnancy, and the subsequent risk of having a child with an isolated congenital heart defect and, more specifically, with the isolated form of ventricular septal defect...... of alcohol. Few (if any) women with an excessive/abusive intake of alcohol were enrolled into the Danish National Birth Cohort. RESULTS: Through linkage with the National Hospital Discharge Registry, we identified 477 infants with a diagnosis of isolated congenital heart defect registered at any time during...... their first 3½-years of life; they included 198 infants with a VSD and 145 with an ASD. Neither the number of episodes of binge drinking nor binge drinking during three different developmental periods was associated with VSD or ASD. Women drinking ½-1½, 2, and 3+ drinks of alcohol per week had adjusted...

  20. Anomalous muscle bundle in the right atrium; Implication to trans atrial device closure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saji Philip

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Intracavitary muscle bands or aberrant bands have been well described in all four chambers of the heart but rarely seen thick muscular band crossing right atrium. We report a case of devisable secundum atrial septal defect with an intra-atrial anomalous muscular band, crossing right atrial wall to the rim of the secundum atrial septal defect warranting surgical closure.

  1. Septal rhinoscleroma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shoeib Mohamed

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Rhinoscleroma is a chronic granulomatous condition of the nose and other structures of the upper respiratory tract. Infection by the bacterium Klebsiella rhinoscleromatis is said to be the cause. A female patient aged 45 years, presented with a past history of trauma to the nose and swelling on her nose since last 1 year. There was nasal asymmetry and internal nasal examination showed a septal swelling protruding to the right nasal cavity with hypertrophied nasal mucosa and inferior turbinate. Open tip rhinoplasty approach was used to excise the mass, which examined pathologically revealing a rhinoscleroma, fibrotic infiltrative stage.

  2. Electrophysiological Mechanisms of Atrial Flutter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ching- Tai Tai

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Atrial flutter (AFL is a common arrhythmia in clinical practice. Several experimental models such as tricuspid regurgitation model, tricuspid ring model, sterile pericarditis model and atrial crush injury model have provided important information about reentrant circuit and can test the effect of antiarrhythmic drugs. Human atrial flutter has typical and atypical forms. Typical atrial flutter rotates around tricuspid annulus and uses the crista terminalis and sometimes sinus venosa as the boundary. The IVC-tricuspid isthmus is a slow conduction zone and the target of radiofrequency ablation. Atypical atrial flutter may arise from the right or left atrium. Right atrial flutter includes upper loop reentry, free wall reentry and figure of eight reentry. Left atrial flutter includes mitral annular atrial flutter, pulmonary vein-related atrial flutter and left septal atrial flutter. Radiofrequency ablation of the isthmus between the boundaries can eliminate these arrhythmias.

  3. The Cardiac MR Images and Causes of Paradoxical Septal Motion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Dong Hun [Soonchunhyang University Bucheon Hospital, Bucheon (Korea, Republic of); Choi, Sang Il; Chun, Eun Ju [Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam (Korea, Republic of); Choi, Sung Hun [Ulsan University Hospital, Ulsan (Korea, Republic of); Park, Jae Hyung [Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2010-10-15

    Real-time cine MRI studies using the steady-state free precession (SSFP) technique are very useful for evaluating cardiac and septal motion. During diastole, the septum acts as a compliant membrane between the two ventricles, and its position and geometry respond to even small alterations in the trans-septal pressure gradients. Abnormal septal motion can be caused by an overload of the right ventricle, delayed ventricular filling and abnormal conduction. In this study, we illustrate, based on our experiences, the causes of abnormal septal motion such as corrective surgery for tetralogy of Fallot, an atrial septal defect, pulmonary thromboembolism, mitral stenosis, constrictive pericarditis and left bundle branch block. In addition, we discuss the significance of paradoxical septal motion in the context of cardiac MR imaging.

  4. Experiência inicial no fechamento percutâneo da comunicação interatrial com a prótese de Amplatzer Initial experience in percutaneous occlusion of atrial septal defects with the Amplatzer device

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valmir F. Fontes

    1998-03-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analisar a experiência inicial no fechamento percutâneo da comunicação interatrial ostium secundum (CIA OS com a prótese de Amplatzer. MÉTODOS: Sete pacientes foram submetidos ao procedimento através da via venosa anterógrada, orientados pela ecocardiografia transesofágica (ETE e sob anestesia geral. Uma criança era portadora de 2 CIA e de canal arterial (CA. As CIA medidas pelo ETE variaram de 8,7 a 20mm. Um ecocardiograma transtorácico foi realizado na manhã seguinte do procedimento. RESULTADOS: Oito próteses foram implantadas nos 7 pacientes com sucesso. Em um paciente, o CA foi ocluído na mesma sessão com mola de Gianturco, tendo surgido taquicardia supraventricular durante a oclusão de uma das CIA, controlada com adenosina. Todos receberam alta hospitalar na manhã seguinte, com oclusão total dos defeitos. CONCLUSÃO: O procedimento mostrou-se seguro, eficaz e versátil, podendo ser considerado como uma alternativa terapêutica inicial em pacientes selecionados com CIA OS.PURPOSE: To evaluate our initial experience with percutaneous closure of secundum type atrial septal defects (ASD with the Amplatzer septal occluder. METHODS: Seven patients underwent occlusion by anterograde approach, under general anesthesia and transesophageal echocardiography (TEE guidance. One child had 2 ASD and a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA. The ASD size ranged from 8,7 to 20mm as measured by TEE. A transthoracic echocardiogram was performed in the morning after the procedure. RESULTS: Eight devices were successfully implanted in 7 patients and the PDA was occluded with a Gianturco coil at the same session. In this patient, there was an episode of supraventricular tachycardia during the occlusion of one ASD which was reverted with adenosin. All patients were discharged the day after, with complete occlusion of all defects. CONCLUSION: The procedure is safe, effective and versatile. It can be applied as an initial alternative to the

  5. The influence of deficient retro-aortic rim on technical success and early adverse events following device closure of secundum atrial septal defects: An Analysis of the IMPACT Registry®.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Byrne, Michael L; Gillespie, Matthew J; Kennedy, Kevin F; Dori, Yoav; Rome, Jonathan J; Glatz, Andrew C

    2017-01-01

    Concern regarding aortic erosion has focused attention on the retro-aortic rim in patients undergoing device closure of atrial septal defects (ASD), but its effect on early outcomes is not well studied. A multicenter retrospective cohort study of patients undergoing device occlusion of ASD between 1/2011-10/2014 was performed, using data from the IMproving Pediatric and Adult Congenital Treatment Registry. Subjects were divided between those with retro-aortic rim technical failure and major early adverse events. Case times were measured as surrogates of technical complexity. The effect of deficient retro-aortic rim on primary outcomes was assessed using hierarchical logistic regression, adjusting for other suspected covariates and assessing whether they represent independent risk factors RESULTS: 1,564 subjects (from 77 centers) were included, with deficient retro-aortic rim present in 40%. Technical failure occurred in 91 subjects (5.8%) and a major early adverse event in 64 subjects (4.1%). Adjusting for known covariates, the presence of a deficient retro-aortic rim was not significantly associated with technical failure (OR: 1.3, 95% CI: 0.9-2.1) or major early adverse event (OR: 0.7, 95% CI: 0.4-1. 2). Total case (P = 0.01) and fluoroscopy time (P = 0.02) were greater in subjects with deficient rim, but sheath time was not significantly different (P = 0.07). Additional covariates independently associated with these outcomes were identified. Deficient retro-aortic rim was highly prevalent but not associated with increased risk of technical failure or early adverse events. Studies with longer follow-up are necessary to assess other outcomes, including device erosion. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  6. Right to Left Ventricular Diameter Ratio ≥0.42 is the Warning Flag for Suspecting Atrial Septal Defect in Preschool Children: Age- and Body Surface Area-Related Reference Values Determined by M-Mode Echocardiography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hashimoto, Ikuo; Watanabe, Kazuhiro; Ichida, Fukiko

    2016-04-01

    It is not always easy to observe and screen atrial septal defects (ASD) using echocardiography. In addition, there are no established echocardiographic reference indices for screening patients with ASDs. We retrospectively reviewed our database and recruited 151 isolated ASD patients and 2769 healthy subjects. In total, 307 echocardiographic studies were performed for ASD patients. Surgical repairs were done in 75 of the ASD patients. The ratio of right to left ventricular end-diastolic dimensions (RVD/LVD), which was determined by M-mode echocardiography, was used as an index of RV dilatation. After obtaining age- and body surface area (BSA)-related RVD/LVD nomograms in healthy subjects, we calculated the z-scores of RVD/LVD for all subjects and obtained the optimal cut-off values to differentiate patients with ASD from healthy subjects. The optimal cut-off values were high in neonates and gradually decreased with an increase in the age and BSA, but were almost constant in children aged >4 years or whose BSA was >0.65 m(2). The cut-off values of RVD/LVD for suspected ASD were ≥0.42 in children aged >4 years or those whose BSA was >0.65 m(2). Those for an ASD operation were ≥0.46 in those whose BSA > 0.65 m(2). The RVD/LVD determined by M-mode echocardiography is a useful index to evaluate RV dilatation in patients with ASDs. The RVD/LVD ≥ 0.42 is the warning flag for suspecting ASD in preschool children and that ≥0.46 may be a clinical important sign to determine ASD operation.

  7. Emergency airway puncture

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... this page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/article/003017.htm Emergency airway puncture To use the sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Emergency airway puncture is the placement of a hollow ...

  8. Right bundle branch block as a marker for interatrial septal abnormalities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bakalli, Aurora; Koçinaj, Dardan; Georgievska-Ismail, Ljubica; Bekteshi, Tefik; Pllana, Ejup; Sejdiu, Basri

    2012-02-01

    Interatrial septal anomalies, which include atrial septal defect, patent foramen ovale, and atrial septal aneurysm, are common disorders among adult patients. Early detection of interatrial septal anomalies is important in order to prevent haemodynamic consequences and/or thromboembolic events. Electrocardiogram offers some clues that should serve as hints for detection of interatrial abnormalities. The aim of our study was to analyse the interatrial septum by transoesophageal echocardiography in patients with electrocardiogram signs of right bundle branch block and in those without right bundle branch block. In a prospective study, 87 adult patients were included, that is, 41 with electrocardiogram signs of right bundle branch block forming the first group and 46 without right bundle branch block forming the second group. Interatrial septal anomalies were present in 80.5% of the patients with right bundle branch block, with patent foramen ovale (39.02%) being the most prevalent disorder, followed by atrial septal aneurysm (21.9%) and atrial septal defect (19.5%). Interatrial septal abnormalities were significantly more frequent in the first group compared with the second group (80.5% versus 6.5%, p value less than 0.001). Independently, patent foramen ovale was significantly more prevalent in patients with right bundle branch block (39.02% versus 4.3%, p value less than 0.001), as were atrial septal aneurysm (21.9% versus 2.2%, p value equal 0.01) and atrial septal defect (19.5% versus 0%, p value equal 0.004). Right bundle branch block should serve as a valuable indicator to motivate a detailed search for interatrial septal abnormalities.

  9. The ostium primum or partial atrioventricular septal defect

    OpenAIRE

    Radermecker, Marc; Fontaine, Raphael; Limet, Raymond

    2007-01-01

    Often assimilated to simple inter-atrial communication, the ostium primum, or partial atrio-ventricular septal defect, is an entity that is characterized by a different embryological mechanism and requires some specific surgical expertise. Basically, knowledge of the morphology of the common atrioventricular valve with 5 components, the topography of the A-V node and His bundle, and the ventricular consequences of the absence of atrio-ventricular septal structures must be taken into account. ...

  10. Association between the European GWAS-identified susceptibility locus at chromosome 4p16 and the risk of atrial septal defect: a case-control study in Southwest China and a meta-analysis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Zhao

    Full Text Available Atrial septal defect (ASD is the third most frequent type of congenital heart anomaly, featuring shunting of blood between the two atria. Gene-environment interaction remains to be an acknowledged cause for ASD occurrence. A recent European genome-wide association study (GWAS of congenital heart disease (CHD identified 3 susceptibility SNPs at chromosome 4p16 associated with ASD: rs870142, rs16835979 and rs6824295. A Chinese-GWAS of CHD conducted in the corresponding period did not reveal the 3 susceptibility SNPs, but reported 2 different risk SNPs: rs2474937 and rs1531070. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the associations between the 3 European GWAS-identified susceptibility SNPs and ASD risk in the Han population in southwest China. Additionally, to increase the robustness of our current analysis, we conducted a meta-analysis combining published studies and our current case-control study. We performed association, linkage disequilibrium, and haplotype analysis among the 3 SNPs in 190 ASD cases and 225 age-, sex-, and ethnicity-matched healthy controls. Genotype and allele frequencies among the 3 SNPs showed statistically significant differences between the cases and controls. Our study found that individuals carrying the allele T of rs870142, the allele A of rs16835979, and the allele T of rs6824295 had a respective 50.1% (odds ratio (OR = 1.501, 95% confidence interval (CI = 1.122-2.009, PFDR-BH = 0.018, 48.5% (OR = 1.485, 95%CI = 1.109-1.987, PFDR-BH = 0.012, and 38.6% (OR = 1.386, 95%CI = 1.042-1.844, PFDR-BH = 0.025 increased risk to develop ASD than wild-type allele carriers in our study cohort. In the haplotype analysis, we identified a disease-risk haplotype (TAT (OR = 1.540, 95%CI = 1.030-2.380, PFDR-BH = 0.016. Our meta-analysis also showed that the investigated SNP was associated with ASD risk (combined OR (95%CI = 1.35 (1.24-1.46, P < 0.00001. Our study provides compelling evidence to motivate better understanding of the etiology

  11. The floating harbor syndrome with cardiac septal defect.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lazebnik, N; McPherson, E; Rittmeyer, L J; Mulvihill, J J

    1996-12-18

    The Floating Harbor syndrome of short stature, very delayed bone age, expressive language delay, and characteristic facial changes has not been associated with cardiac anomalies, except for one patient with pulmonic stenosis. We report on a 10-year-old boy with the syndrome and tetralogy of Fallot with atrial septal defect.

  12. Association of interatrial septal abnormalities with cardiac impulse conduction disorders in adult patients: experience from a tertiary center in Kosovo

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bakalli, Aurora; Pllana, Ejup; Koçinaj, Dardan; Bekteshi, Tefik; Dragusha, Gani; Gashi, Masar; Musliu, Nebih; Gashi, Zaim

    2011-01-01

    Interatrial septal disorders, which include: atrial septal defect, patent foramen ovale and atrial septal aneurysm, are frequent congenital anomalies found in adult patients. Early detection of these anomalies is important to prevent their hemodynamic and/or thromboembolic consequences. The aims of this study were: to assess the association between impulse conduction disorders and anomalies of interatrial septum; to determine the prevalence of different types of interatrial septum abnormalities; to assess anatomic, hemodynamic, and clinical consequences of interatrial septal pathologies. Fifty-three adult patients with impulse conduction disorders and patients without ECG changes but with signs of interatrial septal abnormalities, who were referred to our center for echocardiography, were included in a prospective transesophageal echocardiography study. Interatrial septal anomalies were detected in around 85% of the examined patients. Patent foramen ovale was encountered in 32% of the patients, and in combination with atrial septal aneurysm in an additional 11.3% of cases. Atrial septal aneurysm and atrial septal defect were diagnosed with equal frequency in 20.7% of our study population. Impulse conduction disorders were significantly more suggestive of interatrial septal anomalies than clinical signs and symptoms observed in our patients (84.91% vs 30.19%, P=0.002). Right bundle branch block was the most frequent impulse conduction disorder, found in 41 (77.36%) cases. We conclude that interatrial septal anomalies are highly associated with impulse conduction disorders, particularly with right bundle branch block. Impulse conduction disorders are more indicative of interatrial septal abnormalities in earlier stages than can be understood from the patient’s clinical condition. PMID:21977304

  13. Association of interatrial septal abnormalities with cardiac impulse conduction disorders in adult patients: experience from a tertiary center in Kosovo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bakalli, Aurora; Pllana, Ejup; Koçinaj, Dardan; Bekteshi, Tefik; Dragusha, Gani; Gashi, Masar; Musliu, Nebih; Gashi, Zaim

    2011-01-01

    INTERATRIAL SEPTAL DISORDERS, WHICH INCLUDE: atrial septal defect, patent foramen ovale and atrial septal aneurysm, are frequent congenital anomalies found in adult patients. Early detection of these anomalies is important to prevent their hemodynamic and/or thromboembolic consequences. The aims of this study were: to assess the association between impulse conduction disorders and anomalies of interatrial septum; to determine the prevalence of different types of interatrial septum abnormalities; to assess anatomic, hemodynamic, and clinical consequences of interatrial septal pathologies. Fifty-three adult patients with impulse conduction disorders and patients without ECG changes but with signs of interatrial septal abnormalities, who were referred to our center for echocardiography, were included in a prospective transesophageal echocardiography study. Interatrial septal anomalies were detected in around 85% of the examined patients. Patent foramen ovale was encountered in 32% of the patients, and in combination with atrial septal aneurysm in an additional 11.3% of cases. Atrial septal aneurysm and atrial septal defect were diagnosed with equal frequency in 20.7% of our study population. Impulse conduction disorders were significantly more suggestive of interatrial septal anomalies than clinical signs and symptoms observed in our patients (84.91% vs 30.19%, P=0.002). Right bundle branch block was the most frequent impulse conduction disorder, found in 41 (77.36%) cases. We conclude that interatrial septal anomalies are highly associated with impulse conduction disorders, particularly with right bundle branch block. Impulse conduction disorders are more indicative of interatrial septal abnormalities in earlier stages than can be understood from the patient's clinical condition.

  14. Eventos catastróficos associados ao tratamento da comunicação interatrial tipo ostium secundum: razões para não se subestimar este tipo de cardiopatia congênita Catastrophic events associated to the surgical treatment of ostium secundum atrial septal defects: reasons for not underestimating this type of congenital cardiopathy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Roberto B. Evora

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: O presente trabalho clínico foi motivado pela frustrante experiência de quatro pacientes operados para o tratamento cirúrgico da comunicação interatrial tipo ostium secundum (CIA-II, que vieram a falecer em condições extremamente dramáticas. MÉTODO: Estudo retrospectivo embasado em dados de prontuários. As pesquisas bibliográficas incluíram: tromboembolismo paradoxal (cerebral, pulmonar ou mesentérico, malformações vasculares do sistema nervoso central e conexões anômalas das veias cavas. Estas pesquisas da literatura foram embasadas em possíveis eventos, inesperados e catastróficos, que levaram quatro pacientes ao óbito. RESULTADOS: Os quatros pacientes, todos do sexo feminino, foram submetidos a atriosseptorrafia com tempo de parada cardíaca isquêmica inferior a 20 minutos, em circulação extracorpórea. As causas de óbito foram: isquemia intestinal não-oclusiva, ruptura de aneurisma cerebral de artéria comunicante anterior, cor pulmonale com hipertensão arterial e tromboembolismo e um provável tromboembolismo cerebral em uma criança que precisou ser reoperada pela drenagem da veia cava inferior em átrio esquerdo. CONCLUSÃO: A lição final deste trabalho é: "Não subestime a comunicação interatrial em cirurgia cardíaca!".OBJECTIVE: The present article was motivated by the frustrating experiences with four patients who underwent surgical treatment of ostium secundum atrial septal defect (ASD-II and who died in extremely dramatic circumstances. METHOD: This is a retrospective study based on clinical data. The bibliographical researche included: paradoxical thromboembolism (cerebral, lung or mesenteric, central nervous system vascular malformations and anomalous vena cava connections. This research was based on possible events, unexpected and catastrophic, that could have directly caused the patients' deaths. RESULTS: All patients were female, the operations were performed under cardiopulmonary

  15. The first clinical experience with the new GORE® septal occluder (GSO)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søndergaard, Lars; Loh, Poay Huan; Franzen, Olaf

    2013-01-01

    Aims: A new GORE® septal occluder (GSO) was granted CE mark in Europe in June 2011 for the treatment of patent foramen ovale and atrial septal defect. Major changes have been made to the device and delivery system compared to the HELEX® device. The new delivery system has simplified...... the implantation procedure and the retrievability of the device after deployment if needed. The design of the GSO has improved the device apposition ability and tissue response whilst keeping its atraumatic design, low septal profile with minimal septal distortion and long-term biocompatibility. The first three...... of these patients had patent foramen ovale and one had secundum atrial septal defect. In all the cases, the GSO devices were successfully deployed in the first attempt without any complication. Only one patient had a minor residual shunt detected immediately after the device deployment. All the patients were re...

  16. Atrial Fibrillation after Robotic Cardiac Surgery

    OpenAIRE

    LEONARDO CANALE; STEPHANIE MICK; RAVI NAIR; TOMISLAV MIHALJEVIC; JOHANNES BONATTI

    2014-01-01

    Atrial fibrillation is a common arrhythmia after conventional open heart surgery. A minimally invasive robotic approach has the potential to lower its occurrence. We sought to review the literature on the incidence of post operative atrial fibrillation in robotic heart surgery and compare it to the incidence in conventional cardiac surgery. The types of operation investigated were: coronary artery bypass surgery, mitral valve repair, atrial septal defect closure and myxoma excision. Operation...

  17. Emergency airway puncture - slideshow

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... this page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/presentations/100113.htm Emergency airway puncture - series—Normal anatomy To use the ... 2016 Updated by: Jacob L. Heller, MD, MHA, Emergency Medicine, Virginia Mason Medical Center, Seattle, WA. Also ...

  18. Association of interatrial septal abnormalities with cardiac impulse conduction disorders in adult patients: experience from a tertiary center in Kosovo.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zaim Gashi

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Interatrial septal disorders, which include: atrial septal defect, patent foramen ovale and atrial septal aneurysm, are frequent congenital anomalies found in adult patients. Early detection of these anomalies is important to prevent their hemodynamic and/or thromboembolic consequences. The aims of this study were: to assess the association between impulse conduction disorders and anomalies of interatrial septum; to determine the prevalence of different types of interatrial septum abnormalities; to assess anatomic, hemodynamic, and clinical consequences of interatrial septal pathologies. Fifty-three adult patients with impulse conduction disorders and patients without ECG changes but with signs of interatrial septal abnormalities, who were referred to our center for echocardiography, were included in a prospective transesophageal echocardiography study. Intera trial septal anomalies were detected in around 85% of the examined patients.

  19. Atrial Ectopics Precipitating Atrial Fibrillation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johnson Francis

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Holter monitor tracing showing blocked atrial ectopics and atrial ectopic precipitating atrial fibrillation is being demonstrated. Initially it was coarse atrial fibrillation, which rapidly degenerated into fine atrial fibrillation.

  20. Cirurgia valvar mitral e da comunicação interatrial: abordagem minimamente invasiva ou por esternotomia Mitral valve and atrial septal defect surgery: minimally invasive or sternotomy approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josué V. Castro Neto

    2012-08-01

    atrial septal defect (ASD. METHODS: Forty patients underwent surgery for correction of MV disease or ASD. Patients were divided into group A (GA (n=20, access by right minithoracotomy and video-assistance; and group B (GB (n=20, access by full MS. Aortic cross-clamp and cardiopulmonary bypass time, intensive care unit (ICU time, hospital stay and morbidity were compared in this prospective study . RESULTS: Fifteen patients were submitted to MV procedures and five to ASD corrections in each group. There were 9 mitral replacements (7 bioprostetic and 2 mechanical and 6 repairs in GA, and 10 (all bioprostetic and five in GB. The mean aortic cross-clamp and cardiopulmonary bypass time, in minutes, were 65.1 ± 29.3 in GA and 50.2 ± 21.4 in GB (p=0.074; and 91.8±35 in GA and 63.7±27.3 in GB ( p=0.008. The mean ICU time, in hours, were 51.7 ± 16.3 in GA and 55.8±17.5 in GB (p=0.45. The in hospital stay, in days, were 5.2 ± 1 in GA and 6.4±1.5 in GB (p=0.009. CONCLUSION: MI access for correction of the MV disease and ASD implicated in a longer cardiopulmonary bypass time for finalization of the main procedure, nevertheless it didn´t affect patient's recuperation. MI treated patients were discharged earlier than sternotomy treated patients.

  1. Safety of pulmonary vein isolation and left atrial complex fractionated atrial electrograms ablation for atrial fibrillation with phased radiofrequency energy and multi-electrode catheters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mulder, Anton A W; Balt, Jippe C; Wijffels, Maurits C E F; Wever, Eric F D; Boersma, Lucas V A

    2012-10-01

    Recently, a multi-electrode catheter system using phased radiofrequency (RF) energy was developed specifically for atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation: the pulmonary vein ablation catheter (PVAC), the multi-array septal catheter (MASC), and the multi-array ablation catheter (MAAC). Initial results of small trials have been promising: shorter procedure times and low adverse event rates. In a large single-centre registry, we evaluated the adverse events associated with multi-electrode ablation catheter procedures with PVAC alone, or combined with MASC and MAAC. In all, 634 consecutive patients with AF had 663 procedures with multi-electrode ablation catheters, 502 patients with the PVAC alone, 128 patients with PVAC/MASC/MAAC, 29 redo procedures with the PVAC or PVAC/MASC/MAAC, and 4 patients had a complicated transseptal puncture. Major and minor adverse events during 6 month follow-up were registered. In 15 cases (2.3%), major adverse events were seen within the first month after the procedure. These included complicated transseptal puncture (4), stroke (2), transient ischaemic attack (5), acute coronary syndrome (2), femoral pseudoaneurysm (1), and arteriovenous fistulae (1). Minor adverse events were seen in 10.7% at 6 months, mostly due to femoral haematoma (3.9%), and non-significant PV stenosis (5.2%). There was no difference in the occurrence of major adverse events between PVAC alone, or PVAC/MASC/MAAC ablation. Ablation with phased RF and multi-electrode catheters is accompanied by a major adverse event rate of 2.3% within 1 month and a minor event rate of 10.7% at 6 months.

  2. Effects of Puncturing Patterns on Punctured Convolutional Codes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lydia Sari

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Punctured convolutional codes are known to have low complexity compared to their non-punctured counterpart, while retaining a good performance. Analyzing the performance of punctured convolutional code can be simplified by using non-punctured equivalent code. In this paper new punctured convolutional codes with rates of 3/8, 3/7 and 3/6 are proposed, and their performances are studied by first constructing non-punctured equivalent codes. Simulation results show that different puncturing patterns will affect the code performances. Further investigations show that puncturing adjacent bits is to be avoided as it tends to degrade the code performance, as indicated by a decrease of the free distance by 9% and 33% below average for code rates 3/7 and 3/6 respectively. On the contrary, dispersed punctured bits will yield good code performance as indicated in the increase of the free distance by 27% and 32.45% above average for code rates 3/7 and 3/6 respectively.

  3. Method of exact lung puncture

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Voss, L.

    1986-01-01

    The accuracy can be improved, and the risk of complications can be reduced in the case of cytodiagnostic lung puncture, if one optimises the method whereby the puncture needle is inserted into the lesion. The author describes such a procedure incorporating the use of technical aids for marking the exact puncture point of the cannula. At the same time the procedure results in a reduction of radiation exposure of both doctor and patient.

  4. Lumbar puncture for the generalist

    OpenAIRE

    Boon, J.M.; Abrahams, Peter H.; Meiring, J. H.; Welch, T.

    2004-01-01

    The safe and successful performance of a lumbar puncture demands a working and yet specific knowledge as well as competency in performance. This review aims to aid understanding of the knowledge framework, the pitfalls and complications of lumbar puncture. It includes special reference to three dimensional relationships, functional anatomy, imaging anatomy, normal variation and living anatomy. A lumbar puncture is a commonly performed procedure for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. Epidura...

  5. 59. Early and late results of routine leaflet augmentation for complete atrio-ventricular septal defect repair

    OpenAIRE

    A. Arifi; Najm, H; Khan, A.; Ahmad, M; Khan, M A; M. Elanany

    2016-01-01

    Complete AVSD (CAVSD) is characterized by the presence of a common atrio-ventricular (AV) orifice, an inter-atrial communication, and a ventricular septal defect (VSD). Results of surgical correction of atrio-ventricular septal defects (AVSDs) have improved over the last decades; however, the need for reoperation for left atrio-ventricular valve regurgitation, after primary AVSD repair remains a major concern. The aim of our study is to assess the outcome of the routine leaflet augmentation t...

  6. An unusual variation of left ventricular-right atrial communication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Komai, H; Naito, Y; Fujiwara, K; Takagaki, Y; Nishimura, Y; Kawasaki, S

    1996-01-01

    We herein present a 5-month-old boy with an infravalvular-type left ventricular-right atrial communication without an abnormal tricuspid valve leaflet. The thick chorda of the anterior tricuspid leaflet was inserted into the upper edge of the ventricular septal defect which was placed just under the commissure. The jet from the septal defect pushed this thick chorda and opened the commissure, which thus caused the abnormal pathway from the left ventricle to the right atrium. This mechanism of left ventricular-right atrial communication has not yet been reported elsewhere.

  7. [A rare ventricular septal defect: a case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Notarangelo, Maria Francesca; Bontardelli, Federico; Taliani, Umberto; Agostinelli, Andrea; Vignali, Luigi; Ardissino, Diego

    2013-04-01

    Left ventricular-right atrial communications, known collectively as the Gerbode defect, are rare types of ventricular septal defects. Acquired forms of this defect have been described as a complication of cardiac surgery, bacterial endocarditis, chest trauma, or myocardial infarction. Diagnosis of this rare defect is challenging, but can be confirmed with echocardiography or cardiac magnetic resonance imaging. Until 6 years ago, these communications were corrected only surgically, often with relatively high mortality. However, few case reports of transcatheter closures of the defects have recently been reported with excellent results. We describe a 69-year-old patient with left ventricular-right atrial communication secondary to mitral valve surgery. The diagnosis was made by transesophageal and real-time three-dimensional echocardiography. The defect was closed percutaneously using an Amplatzer device. At follow-up, there was no residual flow and the patient improved clinically.

  8. Ventricular septal defect.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giboney, G S

    1983-05-01

    This article has discussed the ventricular septal defect, its occurrence, physiology, and therapy, and nursing concerns. The VSD, a communication allowing left-to-right shunting of blood at the ventricular level, is the most common congenital heart defect. Surgical correction is often required for large defects before the age of 12 months, and primary correction is now considered standard procedure. Small defects usually close spontaneously, and moderate defects are closely monitored for signs indicating the need for surgical intervention. Nursing care begins with child and family assessment and evaluation of the strengths and weaknesses of the family system. The child's developmental level is a major consideration in formulating interventions for his benefit. Play therapy is a useful vehicle in relating to the child in a nonthreatening manner preoperatively and in allowing the child to work through his hospitalization postoperatively. Maintaining the physical integrity of a child just out of the operating room is a challenge. Continuing support of the family system is a significant aspect of nursing's responsibility toward child and family. Discharge planning and intervention strive to prepare the family for the transition from hospital to home both physically and emotionally.

  9. Perioperative management of postdural puncture headache: Postdural puncture headache

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Unić-Stojanović Dragana

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Postdural puncture headache (PDPH is a complication of puncture of the dura mater. It is a common side effect of spinal anesthesia, lumbar puncture and occasionally, may accidentally occur in epidural anesthesia. The headache is defined as a bilateral headache that develops within 7 days after lumbar puncture and disappears within 14 days. It has been described in some cases that headaches can last from a few mounts to even years. Factors that increase the risk of PDPH is young age, female sex and pregnancy. Incidence is strongly related to the needle size and type. Case Report: We report a case of a 49-year-old man who was admitted to our Institute for elective veins surgery. We choose spinal anesthesia for this operation and use 25 gauged spinal needle. Patient was hemodynamically stable during the whole surgery without headache and he was discharged home at 1st post operative day. However, after two days, patient came to the hospital complaining of severe headache in frontal and occipital areas, followed by neck stiffness. Our first approach in treatment was conservative therapy. Recumbent positioning, oral and intravenous fluid, 500 mg coffeine iv. bid and morphine 4 qid. The headache persisted for the next 2 days, despite conservative therapy. Our next approach was epidural blood patch like effective treatment for PDPH. First we placed patient in the lateral position and inserted epidural needle at the level L3 - L4. Then we injected 15 ml of autologes blood into epidural space. His headache resolved within one hour of procedure, he denied any further headache one month after discharge. Conclusion: In our case, it was shown that lumbar puncture is an important cause of iatrogenic morbidity in the form of postdural puncture headache. Incidence of headache can be resolved by using thinner needle. When the headache does not respond to conservative therapy, epidural blood patch is a reasonable and effective treatment. Surgical

  10. Safety of pulmonary vein isolation and left atrial complex fractionated atrial electrograms ablation for atrial fibrillation with phased radiofrequency energy and multi-electrode catheters

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mulder, A.A.W.; Balt, J.C.; Wijffels, M.C.; Wever, E.F.; Boersma, L.V.

    2012-01-01

    AIMS: Recently, a multi-electrode catheter system using phased radiofrequency (RF) energy was developed specifically for atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation: the pulmonary vein ablation catheter (PVAC), the multi-array septal catheter (MASC), and the multi-array ablation catheter (MAAC). Initial

  11. Glue septal ablation: A promising alternative to alcohol septal ablation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sercan Okutucu

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM is defined as myocardial hypertrophy in the absence of another cardiac or systemic disease capable of producing the magnitude of present hypertrophy. In about 70% of patients with HCM, there is left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT obstruction (LVOTO and this is known as obstructive type of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HOCM. Cases refractory to medical treatment have had two options either surgical septal myectomy or alcohol septal ablation (ASA to alleviate LVOT gradient. ASA may cause some life-threatening complications including conduction disturbances and complete heart block, hemodynamic compromise, ventricular arrhythmias, distant and massive myocardial necrosis. Glue septal ablation (GSA is a promising technique for the treatment of HOCM. Glue seems to be superior to alcohol due to some intrinsic advantageous properties of glue such as immediate polymerization which prevents the leak into the left anterior descending coronary artery and it is particularly useful in patients with collaterals to the right coronary artery in whom alcohol ablation is contraindicated. In our experience, GSA is effective and also a safe technique without significant complications. GSA decreases LVOT gradient immediately after the procedure and this reduction persists during 12 months of follow-up. It improves New York Heart Association functional capacity and decrease interventricular septal wall thickness. Further studies are needed in order to assess the long-term efficacy and safety of this technique.

  12. Anatomic biventricular repair in right isomerism with noncommitted ventricular septal defect.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katewa, Ashish; Marwah, Ashutosh; Singh, Vishal; Ramaswamy, Arun; Sharma, Rajesh

    2012-07-01

    Biventricular repair in right atrial isomerism is rarely feasible due to associated anomalies of venous connection, ventricular imbalance, nonroutabilty of the interventricular communication, a common atrioventricular junction, and inadequate pulmonary arterial branches. These patients are also often not ideal for univentricular repair due to some of the above associations. We describe a novel surgical technique that was utilized in such a patient for biventricular repair of a child with right atrial isomerism with total anomalous pulmonary venous connection, regurgitant common atrioventricular valve, hypoplastic left ventricle, nonroutable ventricular septal defect, and pulmonary stenosis.

  13. Electrophysiological Mechanisms of Atrial Flutter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ching-Tai Tai

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Atrial flutter (AFL is a common arrhythmia in clinical practice. Several experimental models, such as tricuspid regurgitation model, tricuspid ring model, sterile pericarditis model and atrial crush injury model, have provided important information about reentrant circuit and can test the effects of antiarrhythmic drugs. Human AFL has typical and atypical forms. Typical AFL rotates around the tricuspid annulus and uses the crista terminalis and sometimes sinus venosa as the boundary. The tricuspid isthmus is a slow conduction zone and the target of radiofrequency ablation. Atypical AFL may arise from the right or left atrium. Right AFL includes upper loop reentry, free wall reentry and figure-of-8 reentry. Left AFL includes mitral annular AFL, pulmonary vein-related AFL and left septal AFL. Radiofrequency ablation of the isthmus between the boundaries can eliminate these arrhythmias.

  14. Familial Atrial Septal Defect and Sudden Cardiac Death

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ellesøe, Sabrina Gade; Johansen, Morten Munk; Bjerre, Jesper Vandborg

    2016-01-01

    disturbances, cardiomyopathies, complex CHD, and sudden cardiac death as well. Here, we show that NKX2-5 mutations primarily occur in ASD patients with conduction disturbances and heritable ASD. Furthermore, these families are at increased risk of sudden cardiac death. RESULTS: We screened 39 probands.......1 × 10(-9) ). The majority of patients (74%) had ASD with conduction disturbance. Nineteen patients (15%) of 120 with familial ASD and conduction disturbance died from sudden cardiac death of which nine (8%) were confirmed mutation carriers, and 10 were possible carriers. CONCLUSIONS: NKX2-5 mutations...... mainly occur in familial CHD, the signature phenotype is ASD with conduction disturbances and mutation carriers are at increased risk of sudden cardiac death. We suggest that familial ASD patients should be screened for NKX2-5 mutations and, if they are mutation carriers, implantation of an implantable...

  15. Atrial fibrillation

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ABEOLUGBENGAS

    Objective: Atrial fibrillation is the commonest chronic arrhythmia and the etiology is widely varied. The aim of this study was to determine the etiology, clinical characteristics and treatment offered to adult patients with atrial fibrillation managed in a referral hospital in Port Harcourt, southern Nigeria. Methods:A retrospective ...

  16. Alergia al néquel manifestada como edema pulmonar no cardiogénico en paciente pos-cierre de comunicación interauricular con dispositivo tipo Amplatzer Nickel allergy manifested as noncardiogenic pulmonary edema in a patient post-closure of atrial septal defect with Amplatzer device

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis A Gutiérrez

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available El cierre percutáneo es la modalidad predilecta para el tratamiento de los defectos septales tipo ostium secundum cuando la anatomía es favorable, y reporta una tasa de éxito excelente así como también un bajo porcentaje de complicaciones. Se presenta el caso de un cierre exitoso de defecto septal tipo ostium secundum con dispositivo tipo Amplatzer en un paciente con antecedente de alergia a metales no detectada previamente, quien presentó edema pulmonar no cardiogénico, fiebre y pericarditis secundarios al níquel del dispositivo, pero tuvo mejoría y evolución satisfactoria con tratamiento médico.The percutaneous closure of ostium secundum septal defects is the preferred treatment modality when the anatomy is appropriate, as it shows high success and low complication rates. We present a case of a succesful percutaneous closure of an ostium secundum septal defect with an Amplatzer septal occluder device in a patient with an undetected metal allergy which led her to non cardiogenic pulmonary edema, fever and pericarditis related to the nickel contained in the device, with improvement and satisfactory evolution after medical treatment.

  17. Cutting performance orthogonal test of single plane puncture biopsy needle based on puncture force

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Yingqiang; Zhang, Qinhe; Liu, Guowei

    2017-04-01

    Needle biopsy is a method to extract the cells from the patient's body with a needle for tissue pathological examination. Many factors affect the cutting process of soft tissue, including the geometry of the biopsy needle, the mechanical properties of the soft tissue, the parameters of the puncture process and the interaction between them. This paper conducted orthogonal experiment of main cutting parameters based on single plane puncture biopsy needle, and obtained the cutting force curve of single plane puncture biopsy needle by studying the influence of the inclination angle, diameter and velocity of the single plane puncture biopsy needle on the puncture force of the biopsy needle. Stage analysis of the cutting process of biopsy needle puncture was made to determine the main influencing factors of puncture force during the cutting process, which provides a certain theoretical support for the design of new type of puncture biopsy needle and the operation of puncture biopsy.

  18. Endoscopic closure of septal perforations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alobid, Isam

    2017-05-26

    The management of septal perforations is a challenge for the surgeon. A wide variety of surgical techniques have been described, with different approaches. There is no scientific evidence to support a particular approach. The objective of this review is to present a practical guide on the technique of choice for each case of septal perforation. Inspection of the nasal mucosa, the size of the perforation, the location and especially the osteo-cartilaginous support, are the pillars of a successful surgery. For the sliding or rotating flaps of the mucosa of the septum it is essential to know in advance if the elevation of the mucopericondrio or mucoperiosteo of the septum is possible, otherwise the use of these flaps would not be indicated. The flaps of the lateral wall or nasal floor are the alternative. The pericranial flap may be indicated in total or near total perforations. The remnant of the nasal septum and status of osteo-cartilaginous support are the determining factors in the management of septal perforations. Each case should be evaluated individually and the approach chosen according to the size and location of the perforation, mucosal quality, personal history, previous surgery and the experience of the surgeon. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier España, S.L.U. and Sociedad Española de Otorrinolaringología y Cirugía de Cabeza y Cuello. All rights reserved.

  19. Aerosol can puncture device test report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Leist, K.J.

    1994-10-01

    This test report documents the evaluation of an aerosol can puncture device to replace a system currently identified for use in the WRAP-1 facility. The new system is based upon a commercially available puncture device, as recommended by WHC Fire Protection. With modifications found necessary through the testing program, the Aerosol Can Puncture Device was found able to puncture and drain aerosol cans without incident. Modifications include the addition of a secondary collection bottle and the modification of the can puncture needle. In the course of testing, a variety of absorbents were tested to determine their performance in immobilizing drained fluids. The visibility of the puncture with Non-Destructive Examination techniques were also reviewed.

  20. Vertical zonality of septal nectaries of Monocots

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Аnastasiya Odintsova

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Considering the septal nectary as a system of exogenous cavities inside the ovary and taking account of possibilities of various ways of the formation of nectary walls we propose to apply the concept of vertical zonality to the analysis of the septal nectary structure. The comparative analysis of the gynoecium with septal nectaries must include data about the nectary vertical zones and its location in the structural zones of the gynoecium.

  1. Anterograde conduction to the His bundle during right ventricular overdrive pacing distinguishes septal pathway atrioventricular reentry from atypical atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagashima, Koichi; Kumar, Saurabh; Stevenson, William G; Epstein, Laurence M; John, Roy M; Tedrow, Usha B; Koplan, Bruce A; Michaud, Gregory F

    2015-04-01

    Distinguishing orthodromic atrioventricular reciprocating tachycardia (ORT) using a retrograde septal accessory pathway (AP) from atypical atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) may be challenging. Specifically, excluding the presence and participation of an AP may require multiple diagnostic maneuvers. The purpose of this study was to assess the relative value of commonly used right ventricular (RV) pacing maneuvers, including identification of anterograde His-bundle activation with entrainment, to differentiate ORT using a retrograde septal AP from atypical AVNRT. From March 2009 to June 2014, 56 patients (28 female; age 43.9 ± 17.4 years) who underwent electrophysiologic study and ablation for supraventricular tachycardia (26 ORT using septal AP and 30 atypical AVNRT) that exhibited a concentric atrial activation pattern and a septal ventriculoatrial interval >70 ms were analyzed. Overdrive pacing maneuvers or ventricular extrastimuli failed on at least 1 occasion to correctly identify a septal AP. Overall, 16 ORT patients and 26 AVNRT patients had successful RV entrainment, and 12 (75%) ORT patients showed anterograde His capture (11 patients) and/or anterograde septal ventricular capture (3 patients). None of the patients with atypical AVNRT showed anterograde conduction to the His bundle with entrainment. RV pacing maneuvers are useful to exclude an AP in patients with AVNRT having concentric atrial activation sequence and a septal ventriculoatrial interval >70 ms; however, none are consistently diagnostic. When observed in this patient population, anterograde His-bundle or septal ventricular capture during RV entrainment was diagnostic for ORT using a septal AP. Copyright © 2015 Heart Rhythm Society. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. Relationships of the tricuspid valve to the membranous ventricular septum in Down's syndrome without endocardial cushion defect: study of 28 specimens, 14 with a ventricular septal defect.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenquist, G C; Sweeney, L J; McAllister, H A

    1975-10-01

    The commissure between the anterior and medial leaflets of the tricuspid valve is commonly absent in Down's syndrome without endocardial cushion defect (19 of 28 specimens). As a result, aneurysm of the membranous ventricular septum may develop (eight of 14 specimens with ventricular septal defect limited to the membranous ventricular septum) and the potential for left ventricle-to-right atrial communication is increased.

  3. Association Between Local Bipolar Voltage and Conduction Gap Along the Left Atrial Linear Ablation Lesion in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masuda, Masaharu; Fujita, Masashi; Iida, Osamu; Okamoto, Shin; Ishihara, Takayuki; Nanto, Kiyonori; Kanda, Takashi; Sunaga, Akihiro; Tsujimura, Takuya; Matsuda, Yasuhiro; Mano, Toshiaki

    2017-08-01

    A bipolar voltage reflects a thick musculature where formation of a transmural lesion may be hard to achieve. The purpose of this study was to explore the association between local bipolar voltage and conduction gap in patients with persistent atrial fibrillation (AF) who underwent atrial roof or septal linear ablation. This prospective observational study included 42 and 36 consecutive patients with persistent AF who underwent roof or septal linear ablations, respectively. After pulmonary vein isolation, left atrial linear ablations were performed, and conduction gap sites were identified and ablated after first-touch radiofrequency application. Conduction gap(s) after the first-touch roof and septal linear ablation were observed in 13 (32%) and 19 patients (53%), respectively. Roof and septal area voltages were higher in patients with conduction gap(s) than in those without (roof, 1.23 ± 0.77 vs 0.73 ± 0.42 mV, p = 0.010; septal, 0.96 ± 0.43 vs 0.54 ± 0.18 mV, p = 0.001). Trisected regional analyses revealed that the voltage was higher at the region with a conduction gap than at the region without. Complete conduction block across the roof and septal lines was not achieved in 3 (7%) and 6 patients (17%), respectively. Patients in whom a linear conduction block could not be achieved demonstrated higher ablation area voltage than those with a successful conduction block (roof, 1.91 ± 0.74 vs 0.81 ± 0.51 mV, p = 0.001; septal, 1.15 ± 0.56 vs 0.69 ± 0.31 mV, p = 0.006). In conclusion, a high regional bipolar voltage predicts failure to achieve conduction block after left atrial roof or septal linear ablation. In addition, the conduction gap was located at the preserved voltage area. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. How to perform a lumbar puncture

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-11-04

    Nov 4, 2016 ... Background. The first reports of a lumbar puncture (LP) being undertaken are from the late 19th century [1]. Heinrich. Irenaeus Quince (with whom the Lumbar Puncture is commonly associated with) reported to the tenth congress of Internal Medicine in April 1891¬¬ that he had performed in one case 3 ...

  5. Postlumbar puncture arachnoiditis mimicking epidural abscess.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gürbüz, Mehmet Sabri; Erdoğan, Baris; Yüksel, Mehmet Onur; Somay, Hakan

    2013-11-06

    Lumbar spinal arachnoiditis occurring after diagnostic lumbar puncture is a very rare condition. Arachnoiditis may also present with fever and elevated infection markers and may mimic epidural abscess, which is one of the well known infectious complications of lumbar puncture. We report the case of a 56-year-old man with lumbar spinal arachnoiditis occurring after diagnostic lumbar puncture who was operated on under a misdiagnosis of epidural abscess. In the intraoperative and postoperative microbiological and histopathological examination, no epidural abscess was detected. To our knowledge, this is the first case of a patient with postlumbar puncture arachnoiditis operated on under a misdiagnosis of epidural abscess reported in the literature. The authors suggest that arachnoiditis may mimic epidural abscess due to its clinical and radiological features and should be considered in the differential diagnosis of complications of lumbar puncture.

  6. The zero-wall puncture: a novel angiographic puncture technique with substantial benefits

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Leswick, D.A.; Szkup, P.; Stoneham, G.W. [Univ. of Saskatchewan, Royal Univ. Hospital, Dept. of Radiology, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan (Canada)]. E-mail: davidleswick@hotmail.com

    2005-04-15

    Medical education can be busy, exhausting, and stressful, with potential adverse effects on trainees' physical and mental health. Radiology residency is no exception. In addition to increased daily workload and study requirements, Canadian radiology residents are performing a diverse and increasing number of emergent diagnostic examinations after hours. In an attempt to improve resident self-worth and efficiency during angiographic rotations, we investigated the effects of a novel angiographic puncture procedure on various resident lifestyle indexes. Standard techniques for accessing the femoral artery are either the single-wall puncture or double-wall puncture (Seldinger technique). Both of these techniques are widely known and practiced. Following procedure completion, hemostasis must be achieved at the puncture site. This has traditionally required manual compression at the puncture site, which may require 15 to 20 minutes. At our institution the standard policy is that 'whoever makes the puncture, compresses the groin,' also known as 'you broke it, you fix it'. This has prompted our industrious resident complement to develop a novel, previously undescribed, angiographic puncture technique known as the 'zero-wall puncture technique.' Preliminary unpublished results from our institution show that when residents employ the zero-wall puncture technique the attending staff radiologist subsequently both performs the puncture and compresses the groin at the end of the procedure. We investigated the effect of zero-wall puncture on various resident lifestyle indexes. (author)

  7. A randomized comparison of permanent septal versus apical right ventricular pacing: short-term results.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Victor, Frederic; Mabo, Philippe; Mansour, Hassan; Pavin, Dominique; Kabalu, Guillaume; de Place, Christian; Leclercq, Christophe; Daubert, J Claude

    2006-03-01

    This study compared chronic right ventricular (RV) pacing at the septum versus apex. Chronic RV apical pacing may be detrimental to ventricular function. This randomized, pilot study examined whether, compared with apical, permanent septal pacing preserves cardiac function. Ablation of the atrioventricular junction for permanent AF, followed by implantation of a DDDR pacemaker connected to two ventricular leads was performed in 28 patients. One lead screwed into the septum and another placed at the apex were connected to the atrial and ventricular port, respectively. Septum or apex was paced by programming AAIR or VVIR modes, respectively. Patients were randomly assigned, 4 months later, to pacing at one site for 3 months, and crossed over to the other for 3 months. New York Heart Association class, QRS width and axis, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), exercise duration, and peak oxygen uptake were measured. Results in patients with LVEF > 45% and < or = 45% were compared. Septal pacing was associated with shorter QRS (145 +/- 4 msec vs 170 +/- 4 msec, P < 0.01) and normal axis (40 degrees +/- 10 degrees vs -71 +/- 4 degrees , P < 0.01). At 3 months, among patients with baseline LVEF < or = 45%, LVEF was 42 +/- 5% after septal pacing versus 37 +/- 4% after apical pacing (P < 0.001). In contrast to RV apical pacing, chronic RV septal pacing preserved LVEF in patients with baseline LVEF < or = 45%.

  8. [Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy with ventricular septal hypertrophy localized to the apical region of the left ventricle (apical ASH)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koga, Y; Takahashi, H; Ifuku, M; Itaya, M; Adachi, K; Toshima, H

    1984-08-01

    Clinical and morphologic features are described in a subgroup of 22 patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, who showed ventricular septal hypertrophy localized to the apical region (apical asymmetric septal hypertrophy: apical ASH). All patients had ventricular septal thickness of 17 mm or less with an average of 13 +/- 3 mm in the M-mode echocardiograms. In contrast, the two-dimensional echocardiograms demonstrated septal hypertrophy localized to the apical region, with an average septal thickness of 20 +/- 3 mm at the mitral valve and papillary muscle levels. On the left ventriculogram, 82% of patients with apical ASH showed inward concavity of the right-inferior wall of the left ventricle, indicating hypertrophy of the ventricular septum. However, no patient showed spade-like appearance of the left ventricle and only two showed giant T wave inversion exceeding 10 mm. Echocardiographic examination performed in eight affected relatives revealed typical asymmetric septal hypertrophy (ASH) in four relatives, one of them showing a resting pressure gradient of 30 mmHg in the left ventricle. The remaining four relatives showed similar apical ASH. When compared with patients of typical ASH, patients with apical ASH demonstrated significantly greater cardiac size, left ventricular end-diastolic pressure, left atrial and left ventricular diameters and significantly lower percent fractional shortening. Atrial fibrillation, B bump of the mitral echogram and heart failure were more frequent in this subgroup of patients. Thus, apical ASH appeared to be a part of the morphologic spectrum of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy with ASH and to be a separate disease entity from apical hypertrophy previously described in Japan. Severely impaired diastolic performances associated with mild to moderately depressed systolic function of the left ventricle were the characteristic clinical features of the subgroup of patients with apical ASH.

  9. Successful extensive enlargement of a non-committed ventricular septal defect in double outlet right ventricle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ishibashi, Nobuyuki; Aoki, Mitsuru; Fujiwara, Tadashi

    2005-08-01

    We performed an arterial switch operation in a patient with double outlet right ventricle with non-committed ventricular septal defect, and abnormal insertion of the tension apparatus of the tricuspid valve which produced moderate tricuspid regurgitation. This required extensive enlargement of the ventricular septal defect between the attachments of the cords of the tricuspid valve so as to create the interventricular rerouting that made possible the arterial switch operation. Postoperatively, we produced a straight, unobstructed, left ventricular outflow tract, improved the extent of tricuspid regurgitation, and achieved low right atrial pressures. Enlargement of the interventricular communication can set the scene for biventricular repair in this particular subset of patients with both arterial trunks arising from the morphologically right ventricle.

  10. The comparative relationships between locations of the papillary muscles and electrophysiologic QRS axis in patients with atrioventricular septal defect and common as opposed to separate orifices in the valve guarding the common atrioventricular junction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Low, Liying; Idriss, Salim F; Anderson, Robert H; Maynard, Charles; Wagner, Galen; Hakacova, Nina

    2017-03-01

    Knowledge regarding factors that influence deviation of the QRS axis is important when seeking to differentiate between physiological and pathological changes. We hypothesised that, in contrast to those patients with an atrioventricular septal defect and common atrioventricular junction permitting only atrial shunting, those associated with ventricular shunting would show no relationship between the positions of the papillary muscles and the degree of the leftward deviation of the QRS axis. We compared the positions of endocardial origin of the papillary muscles, and the frontal plane QRS axis, in patients with atrioventricular septal defects and common atrioventricular junction permitting exclusively atrial as opposed to atrial and ventricular shunting. We analysed 18 patients with atrial and ventricular shunting and 23 patients with exclusively atrial shunting. The correlation coefficient between the ratio of distances of the papillary muscles from the mid-septum and the amount of leftward deviation in the frontal plane QRS axis was 0.1 (p=0.4) in those with ventricular shunting and 0.26 (p=0.01) in those with exclusively atrial shunting. In contrast to patients with the so-called primum form of atrioventricular septal defect, in whom the locations of the papillary muscles correlate with the degree of QRS axis, such relationships are lacking in patients with defects permitting both atrial and ventricular shunting. It may be, therefore, that the presence of ventricular shunting and/or their younger age causes pressure overload, which negates the leftward QRS forces caused by the abnormally positioned papillary muscles.

  11. MULTIPLE VENTRICULAR SEPTAL DEFECTS: A NEW STRATEGY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Francesco Corno

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTIONA multicenter prospective study was conducted to evaluate a new strategy for multiple Ventricular Septal Defects (VSDs.MATERIALS AND METHODSFrom 2004 to 2012 17 consecutive children (3 premature, 14 infants, mean age 3.2months (9 days to 9 months, mean body weight 4.2kg (3.1 to 6.1 kg, with multiple VSDs underwent Pulmonary Artery Banding (PAB with an adjustable FloWatch-PAB. Associated cardiac anomalies included patent ductus arteriosus (9, aortic coarctation (2, hypoplastic aortic arch (2 and left isomerism (1. Five patients (5/17 =29.4% required pre-operative mechanical ventilation, with a mean duration of 64 days (7 to 240 daysRESULTSThere were no early or late deaths during a mean follow-up of 48 months (7 to 98 months, with either FloWatch removal or last observation as end-points.FloWatch-PAB adjustments were required in all patients: a mean of 4.8 times/patient (2 to 9 to tighten the PAB, and a mean of 1.1 times/patient (0 to 3 to release the PAB with the patient’s growth. After a mean interval of 29 months (8 to 69 months 10/17 (59% patients underwent reoperation: 7/10 PAB removal, with closure of a remaining peri-membranous VSD in 6 and Damus-Kaye-Stansel, bi-directional Glenn, and atrial septectomy in 1; 3/9 patients required only PAB removal. All muscular multiple VSDs had closed in all 10 patients. PA reconstruction was required in 1/10 patient. In 5/7 of the remaining patients with the PAB still in situ, all muscular VSDs had already closed. The only 2 patients with persistent muscular multiple VSDs are the 2 patients with the shortest follow-up.CONCLUSIONS This reproducible new strategy with an adjustable PAB simplifies the management of infants with multiple VSDs and provides the following advantages: a good results (0% mortality, delayed surgery with a high incidence (15/17=88% of spontaneous closure of multiple muscular VSDs, and facilitated closure of residual peri-membranous VSD at an older age and h

  12. [Traumatic left ventricle-right atrial communication. A case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benyass, A; Belmadani, K; Lakhal, Z; Moustaghfir, A; Hda, A; Boukili, M A; Ohayon, V; Maazouzi, W; Archane, M I

    1999-11-01

    The authors report the case of an acquired left ventricle-right atrial communication after open chest trauma. The initial clinical presentation was a haemothorax and haemopericardium responding well to emergency surgical drainage. Secondarily, a systolic murmur suggesting a ventricular septal defect and signs of right heart failure were observed. Colour Doppler echocardiography led to the diagnosis of a left ventricle-right atrial communication associated with tricuspid regurgitation with dilatation of the right heart chambers and pulmonary hypertension. At surgery, a defect in the membranous interventricular septum was confirmed with rupture of the septal tricuspid leaflet causing tricuspid regurgitation. The surgeon closed the defect with a patch and performed a De Vega tricuspid valvuloplasty. The postoperative outcome was uneventful.

  13. Atrial Fibrillation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... A-Z Clinical Trials Publications and Resources Health Education and Awareness The Science Science Home Blood Disorders ... heart's two upper chambers—called the atria (AY-tree-uh)—to fibrillate. The ... a difficult decision concerning surgery for patients with atrial fibrillation, the ...

  14. A New Coated Nitinol Occluder for Transcatheter Closure of Ventricular Septal Defects in a Canine Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yong Zhou

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Aims. This study evaluated feasibility and safety of implanting the polyester-coated nitinol ventricular septal defect occluder (pcVSDO in the canine model. Methods and Results. VSD models were successfully established by transseptal ventricular septal puncture via the right jugular vein in 15 out of 18 canines. Two types of VSDOs were implanted, either with pcVSDOs (n=8 as the new type occluder group or with the commercial ventricular septal defect occluders (VSDOs, n=7, Shanghai Sharp Memory Alloy Co. Ltd. as the control group. Sheath size was 10 French (10 Fr in two groups. Then the general state of the canines was observed after implantation. ECG and TTE were performed, respectively, at 7, 30, 90 days of follow-up. The canines were sacrificed at these time points for pathological and scanning electron microscopy examination. The devices were successfully implanted in all 15 canines and were retrievable and repositionable. There was no thrombus formation on the device or occurrence of complete heart block. The pcVSDO surface implanted at day 7 was already covered with neotissue by gross examination, and it completed endothelialization at day 30, while the commercial VSDO was covered with the neotissue in 30th day and the complete endothelialization in 90th day. Conclusion. The study shows that pcVSDO is feasible and safe to close canine VSD model and has good biocompatibility and shorter time of endothelialization.

  15. Changing the needle for lumbar punctures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Engedal, Thorbjørn Søndergaard; Ording, H.; Vilholm, O. J.

    2015-01-01

    Objective: Post-dural puncture headache (PDPH) is a common complication of diagnostic lumbar punctures. Both a non-cutting needle design and the use of smaller size needles have been shown to greatly reduce the risk of PDPH. Nevertheless, larger cutting needles are still widely used. This study d...... in occurrence of PDPH (21 vs 50, p = 0.001), number of days spent away from work (55 vs 175, p...

  16. Catheter ablation of atrial tachycardia after interatrial defect repair with patch apposition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, B L; Garante, C M; Tersigni, F; Sergiacomi, R; Petrassi, M; Di Matteo, A; Tufano, F; Alessandri, N

    2012-02-01

    A 54-year-old woman with history of septal atrial mixoma surgically treated and drug-refractory supraventricular tachyarrhythmia underwent catheter ablation of macro-reentry areas near the pericardial patch placed to repair an interatrial defect. The use of ablative therapy has been successful to cure this arrhythmia.

  17. Right atrial myxoma as a possible cause of hemorrhagic stroke and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A clinical diagnosis of hypertensive hemorrhagic cerebrovascular accident was made. The patient died suddenly a few hours after presentation. Post‑mortem examination revealed a small intracerebral hemorrhage in the left superior temporal lobe as well as a large right atrial myxoma, a ventricular septal defect in the ...

  18. ATRIAL SEPTAI. ANEURYSM' IN AN 80-YEAR-OLD WOMAN: A ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    types according to the motion of the aneurysm. 4 We report the ... hypertensive heart disease was made. Figure 1: Parasternal ... which was based mainly on clinical diagnosis. 6 A report from Abidjan stated that atrial septal defect was the commonest congenital heart disease. 7 Other reports from. Nigeria, South Africa and ...

  19. [Atrial defibrillator].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jung, W; Lüderitz, B

    2000-01-01

    Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a frequent and costly health care problem representing the most common arrhythmia resulting in hospital admission. Total mortality and cardiovascular mortality are significantly increased in patients with AF compared to controls. In addition to symptoms of palpitations, patients with AF have an increased risk of stroke and may also develop decreased exercise tolerance and left ventricular dysfunction. All of these problems may be reversed with restoration and maintenance of sinus rhythm. External electrical cardioversion has been a remarkably effective and safe method for termination of this arrhythmia. Originally described by Lown et al. in 1963, it has been a well accepted mode of acute therapy. However, this technique requires general anesthesia or heavy sedation. Internal atrial defibrillation has been evaluated as an alternative approach to the external technique for over 2 decades. Recent studies have shown that low-energy internal atrial defibrillation using biphasic shocks is an effective and safe means in restoring sinus rhythm in patients with AF and should be considered especially in patients in whom external cardioversion attempts have failed. Implantable Atrial Defibrillator: Recently, a stand alone IAD, the Metrix System (models 3000 and 3020), has entered clinical investigation. Atrial defibrillation is accomplished by a shock delivered between electrodes in the right atrium and the coronary sinus. The right atrium lead has an active fixation in the right atrium. The coronary sinus lead has a natural spiral configuration for retention in the coronary sinus, and can be straightened with a stylet. Both leads are 7 French in diameter and the defibrillation coils are each 6 cm in length. The electrodes may be placed using separate leads, or very soon by using a single bipolar lead. A separate bipolar right ventricular lead is used for R wave synchronization and post shock pacing. The Metrix defibrillator can be used to induce

  20. Influence of Septal Thickness on the Clinical Outcome After Alcohol Septal Alation in Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Morten K; Jacobsson, Linda; Almaas, Vibeke Marie

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND: We assessed the influence of interventricular septal thickness (IVSd) on the clinical outcome and survival after alcohol septal ablation (ASA) in patient with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. METHODS AND RESULTS: We analyzed 531 patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (age: 56±14 years...

  1. Novel robotic catheter remote control system: feasibility and safety of transseptal puncture and endocardial catheter navigation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saliba, Walid; Cummings, Jennifer E; Oh, Seil; Zhang, Youhua; Mazgalev, Todor N; Schweikert, Robert A; Burkhardt, J David; Natale, Andrea

    2006-10-01

    The aims of this study were to demonstrate the safety and the feasibility of the robotic catheter remote control system (CCS) in endocardial navigation in all cardiac chambers, as well as facilitation of the transseptal puncture. CCS has been developed to facilitate control and precise positioning of catheters within the cardiovascular system. CCS consists of a remote catheter manipulator, a set up joint, a physician workstation, and a steerable guide catheter (SGC) and sheath. A conventional 4-mm tip catheter was inserted through the SGC to perform mapping of five predefined targets in each cardiac chamber. Seven mongrel dogs were used in this study. Intracardiac echocardiography and three-dimensional (3-D) electroanatomical mapping were integrated with CCS to facilitate catheter manipulation and to guide transseptal puncture. The time to complete the transseptal puncture and the time to complete access to the predefined targets in each cardiac chamber were measured. Gross and microscopic examinations of the accessed and ablation sites were performed to evaluate safety. Transseptal puncture was performed successfully in all animals with a mean time of 7 +/- 3 minutes. Procedure times to access the five targets in the right atrium, right ventricle, left atrium, and left ventricle were 5.6 +/- 1.7, 4.6 +/- 1.5, 13.5 +/- 11.0, 7.0 +/- 2.9 minutes, respectively. There were no intracardiac damages associated with catheter manipulation noted in the excised hearts. Endocardial catheter navigation and mapping using the robotic catheter remote control is safe and feasible. Moreover, the CCS could be used to perform transseptal puncture and left atrial instrumentation.

  2. Modified Transseptal Puncture Technique in Challenging Septa: A Randomized Comparison to Conventional Technique

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    Vikas Kataria

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Transseptal puncture (TSP can be challenging. We compared safety and efficacy of a modified TSP technique (“mosquito” technique, MOSQ-TSP to conventional TSP (CONV-TSP. Method. Patients undergoing AF ablation in whom first attempt of TSP did not result in left atrial (LA pressure (failure to cross, FTC were randomized to MOSQ-TSP (i.e., puncture of the fossa via a wafer-thin inner stylet or CONV-TSP (i.e., additional punctures at different positions. Primary endpoint was LA access. Secondary endpoints were safety, time, fluoroscopic dose (dose-area product, DAP, and number of additional punctures from FTC to final LA access. Result. Of 384 patients, 68 had FTC (MOSQ-TSP, n=34 versus CONV-TSP, n=34. No complications were reported. In MOSQ-TSP, primary endpoint was 100% (versus 73.5%, p<0.002, median time to LA access was 72 s [from 37 to 384 s] (versus 326 s [from 75 s to 1936 s], p<0.002, mean DAP to LA access was 1778±2315 mGy/cm2 (versus 9347±10690 mGy/cm2, p<0.002, and median number of additional punctures was 2 [1 to 3] (versus 0, p<0.002. Conclusion. In AF patients in whom the first attempt of TSP fails, the “mosquito” technique allows effective, safe, and time sparing LA access. This approach might facilitate TSP in elastic, aneurysmatic, or fibrosed septa.

  3. Aerosol can puncture device operational test plan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Leist, K.J.

    1994-05-03

    Puncturing of aerosol cans is performed in the Waste Receiving and Processing Facility Module 1 (WRAP 1) process as a requirement of the waste disposal acceptance criteria for both transuranic (TRU) waste and low-level waste (LLW). These cans have contained such things as paints, lubricating oils, paint removers, insecticides, and cleaning supplies which were used in radioactive facilities. Due to Westinghouse Hanford Company (WHC) Fire Protection concerns of the baseline system`s fire/explosion proof characteristics, a study was undertaken to compare the baseline system`s design to commercially available puncturing devices. While the study found no areas which might indicate a risk of fire or explosion, WHC Fire Protection determined that the puncturing system must have a demonstrated record of safe operation. This could be obtained either by testing the baseline design by an independent laboratory, or by substituting a commercially available device. As a result of these efforts, the commercially available Aerosolv can puncturing device was chosen to replace the baseline design. Two concerns were raised with the system. Premature blinding of the coalescing/carbon filter, due to its proximity to the puncture and draining operation; and overpressurization of the collection bottle due to its small volume and by blinding of the filter assembly. As a result of these concerns, testing was deemed necessary. The objective of this report is to outline test procedures for the Aerosolv.

  4. Can Computer Tomography Predict Compromise of Cardiac Structures After Percutaneous Closure of Interatrial Septal Defects?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wagdi, Philipp

    2011-12-01

    Erosion of a cardiac structure after device closure of an interatrial septal communication (IASC-C), although rare, is a major and severe adverse event which may be underreported. On the other hand, unexplained episodes of transient chest pain occur more often and may be quite distressing. We sought to define the parameters relating the devices to the adjacent cardiac structures and to determine whether computer tomography (CT) could predict erosion of atrial or aortic wall or precordial pain symptoms occurring in the first months after device implantation. Retrospective observational study of 20 patients who underwent CT for de novo chest pain occurring after IASC-C or as a diagnostic test for suspected or proven coronary artery disease (CAD). Clinical follow up was for 20.5 ± 17.6 (6-84) months. CT was done 18 ± 10 (2-28) weeks after IASC-C. Indentation of the aortic root was found in 11 (55%) patients, the left atrial wall in 13 (65%) and the right atrial wall in eight (40%) of patients. Contact without indentation was found in nine (45%), 6 (30%) and 11 (55%) of patients respectively. Device indenting of the left and right atrial, as well as the aortic wall, occured in the majority of the patients examined after IASC-C. This finding may explain bouts of chest pain after the intervention in some patients, but does not predict clinically relevant erosion of a cardiac structure.

  5. Vector electrocardiographic alterations after percutaneous septal ablation in obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: possible anatomic causes

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    Pérez Riera Andrés Ricardo

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Analyze the dromotropic disturbances (vector-electrocardiographic, and the possible anatomic causes, provoked by selective alcohol injection in the septal branch, for percutaneous treatment, of obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. METHODS: Ten patients with a mean age of 52.7 years underwent percutaneous septal ablation (PTSA from october 1998; all in functional class III/IV. Twelve-lead electrocardiogram was performed prior to and during PTSA, and later electrocardiogram and vectorcardiogram according to Frank's method. The patients were followed up for 32 months. RESULTS: On electrocardiogram (ECG prior to PTSA all patients had sinus rhythm and left atrial enlargement, 8 left ventricular hypertrophy of systolic pattern. On ECG immediately after PTSA, 8 had complete right bundle-branch block; 1 transient total atrioventricular block; 1 alternating transient bundle-branch block either right or hemiblock. On late ECG 8 had complete right bundle-branch block confirmed by vectorcardiogram, type 1 or Grishman. CONCLUSION: Septal fibrosis following alcohol injection caused a predominance of complete right bundle-branch block, different from surgery of myotomy/myectomy.

  6. Effect of arterial puncture on ventilation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sahni, Ashima Synghal; Gonzalez, Hemil; Tulaimat, Aiman

    Clinicians frequently assume that during arterial puncture for measuring arterial blood gases patients hyperventilate from pain and anxiety. This assumption leads clinicians to falsely interpret a PaCO2 and pH near the upper limit of normal as a chronic respiratory acidosis corrected by an acute respiratory alkalosis. Determine if participants hyperventilate during arterial puncture from pain and anxiety. We recruited participants from a pulmonary function laboratory referred for arterial blood gas measurement. We excluded those with heart failure and included those with any respiratory condition (COPD, asthma, sleep apnea). We measured end tidal PCO2 (PETCO2), respiratory rate, and heart rate 15 min before topical anesthesia, during anesthesia, during arterial puncture, and 15 min later. We assessed generalized anxiety before and measured pain during and after arterial puncture. 24 participants were recruited (age: 54 ± 12 years; men: 54%). PaCO2 was 41 ± 5 mmHg. One had acute respiratory alkalosis. Respiratory rate increased from (19 ± 6 breaths per minute (bpm)) before to a maximum (21 ± 6 bpm) during arterial puncture (p = 0.001). Heart rate was stable throughout. The lowest PETCO2 during the procedure (35 ± 5) was similar to PETCO2 before the procedure (p = 0.1). The change in PETCO2 and respiratory rate did not correlate with pain, anxiety, or lung function. Respiratory rate increased slightly during arterial puncture without any change in PETCO2. Hence, acid-base status must be interpreted without the assumption of procedure induced hyperventilation. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Alcohol septal ablation in patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Morten K; Prinz, Christian; Horstkotte, Dieter

    2013-01-01

    The infarction induced by alcohol septal ablation (ASA) may predispose to arrhythmia and sudden cardiac death (SCD).......The infarction induced by alcohol septal ablation (ASA) may predispose to arrhythmia and sudden cardiac death (SCD)....

  8. Device Closure of Small Ventricular Septal Defects: When and Why?

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    IB Vijayalakshmi

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Ventricular septal defect (VSD accounts for approximately 20-30 % of all forms of congenital heart disease (CHD. They were traditionally closed surgically in the past. The surgery though safe carries the risk of morbidity, complete heart block, wound infection and thoracotomy scar on the chest. On weighing the risk and benefit, the small VSDs were not submitted to surgery in the past. So for many years it has been taught that the small VSDs are to be left alone and surgery is not recommended. Many clinicians believed in spontaneous closure of VSDs. Hence they advised the parents to wait for spontaneous closure till the child is 9 years old. But what if the VSD does not close by 10 years is the question. Are they normal as grown up congenital heart (GUCH. The Jane Somerville GUCH unit showed that spontaneous closure occurred only in 10% between the age of 17 and 45 (mean - 27 years in small VSDs in adults. What is worth noting is about 25% had serious complications: infective endocarditis (11%, progressive aortic regurgitation (5%, age-related symptomatic arrhythmias (8.5% like atrial fibrillation. This means that asymptomatic small VSDs in childhood is not necessarily benign during adult life. This raises the question, when we have a safe non-surgical device closure available to close the small VSDs, should we put the future lives of the young in danger by not giving the benefit of technology to them?

  9. Cerebral infarction and ventricular septal defect.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shuiab, A

    1989-07-01

    With the availability of contrast echocardiography, patent foramen ovale is frequently detected in patients with stroke, especially in those with no clear etiology and/or the young patient with stroke. Before this report, an association of stroke with ventricular septal defect had not been reported. In this communication, we describe a 38-year-old patient who developed an occipital lobe infarction and who, on investigation, was found to have a ventricular septal defect. Other investigations, which included four-vessel cerebral angiography, collagen disease workup, and coagulation profile, were all normal. We believe this case further extends the spectrum of cerebral ischemic events that may occur with intracardiac shunts.

  10. Balloon atrial septostomy under echocardiographic guide: case series

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    SM Meraji

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Balloon atrial septostomy is an emergent procedure in pediatric cardiology. Nowadays, most patients in need of the procedure have acceptable outcomes after surgical repair. Thus, it is important to perform this procedure as safe as possible. By performing early arterial switch operation and prostaglandin infusion, the rate of balloon atrial septostomy has markedly decreased. However, not all centers performing early arterial switch repairs have abandoned atrial septostomy, even in patients who respond favorably to prostaglandin infusion.Case presentation: In total, eight 1- to 15-day old term neonates admitted in Shahid Rajaee Heart Center in Tehran, Iran from October 2009 to February 2011, with congenital heart diseases were scheduled for balloon atrial septostomy. In six cases the procedure was done exclusively under echocardiographic guidance and in two cases with the help of fluoroscopy. Success was defined as the creation of an atrial septal defect with a diameter equal to or more than 5 mm and ample mobility of its margins.Results: Male sex was predominant (87% and the mean age of the neonates was six days. The diagnosis in all cases was simple transposition of great arteries. The procedure was successful in all patients with any cardiovascular complication.Conclusion: Balloon atrial septostomy is an emergent procedure that can be done safely and effectively under echocardiographic guidance. According to the feasibility of this technique it could be performed fast, safe and effective at bedside, avoiding patient transportation to hemodynamic laboratory or referral center.

  11. Lumbar Puncture for First Simple Febrile Seizure

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    J Gordon Millichap

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Compliance with American Academy of Pediatrics consensus statement recommendations regarding lumbar puncture for infants 6-18 months of age with a first simple febrile seizure was investigated by a retrospective review of 704 infants evaluated in the pediatric emergency medicine division at Children’s Hospital Boston, MA, Oct 1995-Oct 2006.

  12. Multiple Puncture Tuberculin Reactions | Collins | South African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The multiple puncture tuberculin test plays a vital role in the tuberculosis control programme of the Republic of South Africa, where emphasis is placed on BCG vaccination for the uninfected, and chemotherapy for the infected. Confluent reactions (Heaf grades 11, III and IV) are regarded as evidence of specific infection, ...

  13. NRGTM RF powered transseptal needle: a useful technique for transcatheter atrial septostomy and Fontan fenestration: report of three cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tevfik Karagöz

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Transseptal puncture (TSP is a frequently performed procedure for gaining access to the left atrium for catheter ablation, hemodynamic assessment of the left heart, left ventricular assist device implantation, percutaneous left atrial appendage closure or mitral valvuloplasty during childhood and adulthood. The standard technique for transseptal puncture applies mechanical pressure on the fossa ovalis with a Brockenbrough needle. However, this method is not feasible when the fossa ovalis is thick and aneurysmatic. In such patients, the radiofrequency ablation energy systems can be offered as a better alternative for TSP. Here, we aimed to demonstrate the outcome of transseptal puncture performed with an NRGTM RF powered transseptal needle in three patients.

  14. Teichmüller theory of the punctured solenoid

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Penner, Robert; Sari´c, Dragomir

    2008-01-01

    The punctured solenoid plays the role of an initial object for the category of punctured surfaces with morphisms given by finite covers branched only over the punctures. The (decorated) Teichmüller space of is introduced, studied, and found to be parametrized by certain coordinates on a fixed tri...

  15. Transcatheter occlusion of baffle leaks following atrial switch procedures for transposition of the great vessels (d-TGV).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balzer, David T; Johnson, Mark; Sharkey, Angela M; Kort, Henry

    2004-02-01

    Baffle-related complications following atrial switch procedures for transposition are relatively common. Transcatheter treatment of baffle stenosis has an established role as a therapeutic modality. However, transcatheter device closure of atrial baffles leaks has rarely been reported. We report four patients who underwent device closure of baffle leaks using the Amplatzer septal occluder following atrial switch procedures in order to demonstrate the safety and utility of this method of treatment and to establish its role as a suitable alternative to surgical closure. Copyright 2004 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

  16. A Proposed Maneuver to Guide Transseptal Puncture Using Real-Time Three-Dimensional Transesophageal Echocardiography: Pilot Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hani M. Mahmoud

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim of Study. To assess the feasibility of a new proposed maneuver “RATLe-90” using real-time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (RT-3DTEE for anatomically oriented visualization of the interatrial septum (IAS in guiding the transseptal puncture TSP. Methods. The study included 20 patients (mean age, 60.2±6.7 years; 60% males who underwent TSP for different indications. RT-3DTEE was used to guide TSP. The proposed maneuver RATLe-90 (Rotate-Anticlockwise-Tilt-Left-90 was applied in all cases to have the anatomically oriented en face view of the IAS from the right atrial (RA aspect. Having this anatomically oriented view, we guided the TSP catheter towards the proper puncture site according to the planned procedure. Results. Using the RATLe-90 maneuver, the anatomically oriented en face view of the IAS from the RA was obtained in all patients. We were able to guide the puncture catheter to the proper puncture site on the IAS. The 3D images obtained were clearly understood by both echocardiographers and interventionists. The RATLe-90 maneuver acquisition time was 19.9±1.6 seconds. The time-to-tent was 64.8±16.3 seconds. Less TEE probe manipulations were needed while guiding the TSP. Conclusions. Application of RT3D-TEE during TSP using RATLe-90 maneuver is feasible with shorter fluoroscopy time and minimizing TEE probe manipulations.

  17. A Proposed Maneuver to Guide Transseptal Puncture Using Real-Time Three-Dimensional Transesophageal Echocardiography: Pilot Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahmoud, Hani M.; Al-Ghamdi, Mohammed A.; Ghabashi, Abdullah E.; Anwar, Ashraf M.

    2015-01-01

    Aim of Study. To assess the feasibility of a new proposed maneuver “RATLe-90” using real-time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (RT-3DTEE) for anatomically oriented visualization of the interatrial septum (IAS) in guiding the transseptal puncture TSP. Methods. The study included 20 patients (mean age, 60.2 ± 6.7 years; 60% males) who underwent TSP for different indications. RT-3DTEE was used to guide TSP. The proposed maneuver RATLe-90 (Rotate-Anticlockwise-Tilt-Left-90) was applied in all cases to have the anatomically oriented en face view of the IAS from the right atrial (RA) aspect. Having this anatomically oriented view, we guided the TSP catheter towards the proper puncture site according to the planned procedure. Results. Using the RATLe-90 maneuver, the anatomically oriented en face view of the IAS from the RA was obtained in all patients. We were able to guide the puncture catheter to the proper puncture site on the IAS. The 3D images obtained were clearly understood by both echocardiographers and interventionists. The RATLe-90 maneuver acquisition time was 19.9 ± 1.6 seconds. The time-to-tent was 64.8 ± 16.3 seconds. Less TEE probe manipulations were needed while guiding the TSP. Conclusions. Application of RT3D-TEE during TSP using RATLe-90 maneuver is feasible with shorter fluoroscopy time and minimizing TEE probe manipulations. PMID:26106503

  18. Accidental dural puncture, postdural puncture headache, intrathecal catheters, and epidural blood patch: revisiting the old nemesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaddoum, Roland; Motlani, Faisal; Kaddoum, Romeo N; Srirajakalidindi, Arvi; Gupta, Deepak; Soskin, Vitaly

    2014-08-01

    One of the controversial management options for accidental dural puncture in pregnant patients is the conversion of labor epidural analgesia to continuous spinal analgesia by threading the epidural catheter intrathecally. No clear consensus exists on how to best prevent severe headache from occurring after accidental dural puncture. To investigate whether the intrathecal placement of an epidural catheter following accidental dural puncture impacts the incidence of postdural puncture headache (PDPH) and the subsequent need for an epidural blood patch in parturients. A retrospective chart review of accidental dural puncture was performed at Hutzel Women's Hospital in Detroit, MI, USA for the years 2002-2010. Documented cases of accidental dural punctures (N = 238) were distributed into two groups based on their management: an intrathecal catheter (ITC) group in which the epidural catheter was inserted intrathecally and a non-intrathecal catheter (non-ITC) group that received the epidural catheter inserted at different levels of lumbar interspaces. The incidence of PDPH as well as the necessity for epidural blood patch was analyzed using two-tailed Fisher's exact test. In the non-ITC group, 99 (54 %) parturients developed PDPH in comparison to 20 (37 %) in the ITC [odds ratio (OR), 1.98; 95 % confidence interval (CI), 1.06-3.69; P = 0.03]. Fifty-seven (31 %) of 182 patients in the non-ITC group required an epidural blood patch (EBP) (data for 2 patients of 184 were missing). In contrast, 7 (13 %) of parturients in the ITC group required an EBP. The incidence of EBP was calculated in parturients who actually developed headache to be 57 of 99 (57 %) in the non-ITC group versus 7 of 20 (35 %) in the ITC group (OR, 2.52; 95 % CI, 0.92-6.68; P = 0.07). The insertion of an intrathecal catheter following accidental dural puncture decreases the incidence of PDPH but not the need for epidural blood patch in parturients.

  19. Optimizing Residents’ Performance of Lumbar Puncture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, Mikael Johannes Vuokko; Wienecke, Troels; Thagesen, Helle

    2018-01-01

    to whether the design of the videos impacts on subsequent performance. Objective: To investigate the effect of different preparatory interventions on learner performance and self-confidence regarding lumbar puncture (LP). Design: Randomized controlled trial in which participants were randomly assigned to one...... recordings of the performance using the Lumbar Puncture Assessment Tool (LumPAT) and an overall global rating. Participants rated their self-confidence immediately prior to performing the procedure. The primary outcome was the difference in LumPAT scores among groups. Key Results: A total of 110 PGY-1...... doctors were included. Results demonstrated significant differences in LumPAT mean scores among the three groups: GLV, 42.8; TV, 40.6; WT, 38.1 (p = 0.01). The global rating scores were highest in the GLV group (p = 0.026). Self-confidence scores differed significantly among the three groups (p = 0...

  20. Laser puncture therapy of nervous system disorders

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anishchenko, G.; Kochetkov, V.

    1984-08-29

    The authors discuss experience with treatment of nervous system disorders by means of laser-puncture therapy. Commenting on the background of the selection of this type of treatment, they explain that once researchers determined the biological action of laser light on specific nerve receptors of the skin, development of laser apparatus capable of concentrating the beam in the millimeter band was undertaken. The devices that are being used for laser-puncture are said to operate in the red helium-neon band of light. The authors identify beam parameters that have been selected for different groups of acupuncture points of the skin, and the courses of treatment (in seconds of radiation) and their time intervals. They go on to discuss the results of treatment of over 800 patients categorized in a group with disorders of the peripheral nervous system and a second group with disorders of the central nervous system.

  1. The super period matrix with Ramond punctures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Witten, Edward

    2015-06-01

    We generalize the super period matrix of a super Riemann surface to the case that Ramond punctures are present. For a super Riemann surface of genus g with 2 r Ramond punctures, we define, modulo certain choices that generalize those in the classical theory (and assuming a certain generic condition is satisfied), a g | r × g | r period matrix that is symmetric in the Z2-graded sense. As an application, we analyze the genus 2 vacuum amplitude in string theory compactifications to four dimensions that are supersymmetric at tree level. We find an explanation for a result that has been found in orbifold examples in explicit computations by D'Hoker and Phong: with their integration procedure, the genus 2 vacuum amplitude always vanishes "pointwise" after summing over spin structures, and hence is given entirely by a boundary contribution.

  2. [Scorpion puncture: medical treatment and home remedies].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lagunas-Flores, Artemio; Lagunas-Jaimes, Gregoria Natividad

    2009-01-01

    The scorpion puncture is a medical urgency. The greater frequency happens in Jalisco, Morelos and Guerrero. Controversy in the medical treatment persists, some use serum anti-scorpion, others only in critical cases. People by tradition are used the home remedies to cure the scorpion puncture. Our objective was to know the medical treatment and home remedies used in scorpion punctures in the State of Guerrero. Retrospective, cross-sectional-descriptive, observational study through a non-probabilistic sample by quotas during a period of eight years with 1,174 patients with age above 18 years with a interview applied by medical students. All the affected patients used home remedies, 94% went to the physician, the more frequent remedies used were garlic, tobacco, cacahuananche, salt, eggs. The most frequent prescribed drugs were: antiscorpion serum, calcium, chloroquine, an antihistamine drugs. Of the total of affected patients, 45% were children and 53 % adults. In Guerrero, it is traditional to use different home remedies. Doctors used antiscorpion serum in the 56.73% of the cases and symptomatic treatment with different medications.

  3. The reasons for delay lumbar puncture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MH. Lotfi

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Early diagnosis of meningitis and encephalitis and prompt initiation of appropriate therapy is vital and any delay will lead to high mortality and serious and permanent morbidity. The main purpose of this study was to evaluate the management of 220 patients with suspected central nervous system (CNS infections (meningitis and encephalitis to determine the percentage of patients’ suspected CNS infection undergo lumbar puncture in acceptable time (in accordance with conventional algorithms. In this descriptive study, patients with suspected CNS infections admitted to Bu-Ali and Qods hospitals, in the period July 2013 to December 2015 were studied. Information of 220 patients was collected. Continuous variables were summarized as means ± standard deviation and categorical variables as frequencies and percentages. Lumbar puncture (LP in patients was delayed in 200 cases (91%. Most common causes of delay in performing LP were prolongation of the process of determining patient needs to puncture, satisfying patients, CT scan delay and the delay in allowing LP by neurologist. In this study, delaying LP rate was higher than other studies. It seems certain pattern in assistants’ visits for counseling. CT requests and neurologic consultation before LP performed for all adult patients.

  4. Hypertrophic Obstructive Cardiomyopathy: Surgical Myectomy and Septal Ablation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nishimura, Rick A; Seggewiss, Hubert; Schaff, Hartzell V

    2017-09-15

    Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a genetic disorder characterized by marked hypertrophy of the myocardium. It is frequently accompanied by dynamic left ventricular outflow tract obstruction and symptoms of dyspnea, angina, and syncope. The initial therapy for symptomatic patients with obstruction is medical therapy with β-blockers and calcium antagonists. However, there remain a subset of patients who have continued severe symptoms, which are unresponsive to medical therapy. These patients can be treated with septal reduction therapy, either surgical septal myectomy or alcohol septal ablation. When performed by experienced operators working in high-volume centers, septal myectomy is highly effective with a >90% relief of obstruction and improvement in symptoms. The perioperative mortality rate for isolated septal myectomy in most centers is <1%. Alcohol septal ablation is a less invasive treatment. In many patients, the hemodynamic and clinical results are comparable to that of septal myectomy. However, the results of alcohol septal ablation are dependent on the septal perforator artery supplying the area of the contact between the hypertrophied septum and the anterior leaflet of the mitral valve. There are some patients, particularly younger patients with severe hypertrophy, who do not uniformly experience complete relief of obstruction and symptoms. Both techniques of septal reduction therapy are highly operator dependent. The final decision as to which approach should be selected in any given patient is dependent up patient preference and the availability and experience of the operator and institution at which the patient is being treated. © 2017 American Heart Association, Inc.

  5. Echocardiographic diagnosis of left ventricular-right atrial communication (Gerbode-type defect) in an adult with chronic renal failure: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eroglu, Serpil; Sade, Elif; Bozbas, Huseyin; Pirat, Bahar; Yildirir, Aylin; Muderrisoglu, Haldun

    2008-03-01

    Left ventricular-right atrial communication, known as a Gerbode-type defect, is a rare form of ventricular septal defect. It is usually congenital, but rarely acquired. Clinical presentation is associated with the volume of the shunt. Transthoracic echocardiography is the most useful diagnostic method. We present a 63-year-old man with chronic renal failure and left ventricular-right atrial shunt.

  6. Incidental discovery of an unusual right atrial membrane in an adult patient

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nasrin N Aldawoodi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available We describe presence of an unusual right atrial membrane in a 30-year old female with end stage renal disease, hypertension and peripheral vascular disease. The patient was scheduled for midline sternotomy and pericardiotomy and removal of a migrated vascular stent in the right pulmonary artery. An intraoperative transesophageal echocardiogram (TEE revealed an unusual membranous structure with fenestrations that stretched across the right atrium with attachments superiorly at the free wall and inferiorly at the inter-atrial septum. There was no evidence of flow obstruction across the tricuspid valve. Some of the considerations for the likely diagnosis of this structure were a prominent Eustachian valve, persistent Chiari network, aneurysmal inter-atrial septum, an inter-atrial septal cyst or Cor triatriatum dexter (CTD.

  7. An endocardial pathway involving Tbx5, Gata4, and Nos3 required for atrial septum formation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nadeau, Mathieu; Georges, Romain O; Laforest, Brigitte; Yamak, Abir; Lefebvre, Chantal; Beauregard, Janie; Paradis, Pierre; Bruneau, Benoit G; Andelfinger, Gregor; Nemer, Mona

    2010-11-09

    In humans, septal defects are among the most prevalent congenital heart diseases, but their cellular and molecular origins are not fully understood. We report that transcription factor Tbx5 is present in a subpopulation of endocardial cells and that its deletion therein results in fully penetrant, dose-dependent atrial septal defects in mice. Increased apoptosis of endocardial cells lacking Tbx5, as well as neighboring TBX5-positive myocardial cells of the atrial septum through activation of endocardial NOS (Nos3), is the underlying mechanism of disease. Compound Tbx5 and Nos3 haploinsufficiency in mice worsens the cardiac phenotype. The data identify a pathway for endocardial cell survival and unravel a cell-autonomous role for Tbx5 therein. The finding that Nos3, a gene regulated by many congenital heart disease risk factors including stress and diabetes, interacts genetically with Tbx5 provides a molecular framework to understand gene-environment interaction in the setting of human birth defects.

  8. Transcatheter closure of left ventricle to right atrial communication using cera duct occluder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ganesan, Gnanavelu; Paul, G Justin; Mahadevan, Vaikom S

    Left ventricle-right atrial communication could be congenital (Gerbode defect) or acquired as a complication of surgery or infective endocarditis and leads to volume overloading of pulmonary circulation. Two types, direct and indirect types are known depending on the involvement of septal tricuspid leaflet. Transcatheter closure of this defect is feasible and appears an attractive alternative to surgical management. Various devices like Amplatzer duct occluder I, II, Muscular ventricular septal defect device etc. have been used to close this defect. We report two patients, a preteen boy with direct left ventricle-right atrial communication as post operative complication and an adult female with indirect communication who underwent transcatheter closure with Cera duct occluder (Lifetech Scientific (Shenzhen), China). Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  9. Unidirectional ventricular septal valved patch for repair of late presenting ventricular septal defect with aortopulmonary window

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neeti Makhija

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Management of long standing left to right shunt lesion resulting in elevated pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR is challenging. Limited surgical options are further complicated by an unpredictable postoperative period. Unidirectional valve patch (UVP closure has shown to be useful in cases of the large ventricular septal defect (VSD who present late. We report a case of large aortopulmonary window coexisting with a large VSD with severe pulmonary artery hypertension and significantly elevated PVR that was managed surgically by closure of the window by sandwich technique and closure of the septal defect with a UVP. This report emphasizes the importance of UVP in the management of such patients.

  10. Unidirectional ventricular septal valved patch for repair of late presenting ventricular septal defect with aortopulmonary window

    Science.gov (United States)

    Makhija, Neeti; Narula, Jitin; Keshri, Vikas Kumar; Gupta, Saurabh Kumar; Talwar, Sachin

    2016-01-01

    Management of long standing left to right shunt lesion resulting in elevated pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) is challenging. Limited surgical options are further complicated by an unpredictable postoperative period. Unidirectional valve patch (UVP) closure has shown to be useful in cases of the large ventricular septal defect (VSD) who present late. We report a case of large aortopulmonary window coexisting with a large VSD with severe pulmonary artery hypertension and significantly elevated PVR that was managed surgically by closure of the window by sandwich technique and closure of the septal defect with a UVP. This report emphasizes the importance of UVP in the management of such patients. PMID:27011704

  11. Circulatory adjustments after birth: effects on ventricular septal defect

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rudolph, Abraham M.

    1971-01-01

    The haemodynamic effects and clinical manifestations of congenital heart lesions may be greatly influenced by developmental changes in the circulation. The sequential changes associated with abnormal communications between the systemic and pulmonary circulations are well typified by the effect on ventricular septal defect. The possible influences of ventricular septal defect on the foetal circulation are first presented, and the interrelationship between ventricular septal defect and postnatal adjustments of the circulation are discussed. PMID:5572641

  12. Efficacy and complications of Angioseal in antegrade puncture

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mukhopadhyay, Kausik [Derriford Hospital, Plymouth (United Kingdom)]. E-mail: kausik@lycos.co.uk; Puckett, M.A. [Derriford Hospital, Plymouth (United Kingdom); Roobottom, C.A. [Derriford Hospital, Plymouth (United Kingdom)

    2005-12-15

    Aim: Although arterial closure devices are in use for over a decade, there have been no specific study to assess the use of the same in antegrade puncture. Material and method: Consecutive patients undergoing antegrade puncture for peripheral vascular disease in a single centre performed by a single operator were included in this study. The notes and the angiograms were reviewed retrospectively for possible complications and the severity of disease. Result: Over a 25-month period, 21 patients with antegrade puncture had Angioseal deployed for haemostasis. Post-procedure complications recorded from the case notes showed one episode of haematoma formation and one case of worsening ischaemia. The severity of the disease at the puncture site did not influence the outcome. Conclusion: Use of Angioseal is safe and effective in antegrade punctures for peripheral vascular disease. The result is independent of the severity of disease at the puncture site.

  13. [Computer tomography-guided puncture of the retroperitoneal space].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Triller, J; Terrier, F; Probst, P

    1983-06-01

    A CT-guided fine-needle puncture was performed in 42 patients with renal or retroperitoneal space-occupying growths identified by means of computed tomography. In 18 out of 24 patients (75%), CT-guided fine-needle puncture enabled verification of malignant neoplasias, relapses and metastases by means of identification of malignant cells. In 9 out of 13 patients suspected of retroperitoneal abscess, fine-needle puncture helped to establish the diagnosis by a positive bacteriological finding. In 5 cases, CT-guided anterograde pyelography and percutaneous nephrostomy were effected after puncture of the renal pelvis by means of sonography had failed. CT-guided puncture should be used as an additional or complementary examination over and above computed tomography alone whenever a space-occupying growth is present the aetiology of which remains unclear. CT-guided puncture is indicated on principle in retroperitoneal space-occupying growths which cannot be properly defined by sonography.

  14. Characterization and Enumeration of Good Punctured Polynomials over Finite Fields

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Somphong Jitman

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available A family of good punctured polynomials is introduced. The complete characterization and enumeration of such polynomials are given over the binary field F2. Over a nonbinary finite field Fq, the set of good punctured polynomials of degree less than or equal to 2 are completely determined. For n≥3, constructive lower bounds of the number of good punctured polynomials of degree n over Fq are given.

  15. Deglutition induced atrial tachycardia and atrial fibrillation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanjwal, Yousuf; Imran, Naser; Grubb, Blair

    2007-12-01

    Deglutition induced supraventricular tachycardia is an uncommon condition postulated to be a vagally mediated phenomenon due to mechanical stimulation. Patients usually present with mild symptoms or may have severe debilitating symptoms. Treatment with Class I agents, beta blockers, calcium channel blockers, amiodarone and radiofrquency catheter ablation has shown to be successful in the majority of reported cases. We report the case of a 46-year-old healthy woman presenting with palpitations on swallowing that was documented to be transient atrial tachycardia with aberrant ventricular conduction as well as transient atrial fibrillation. She was successfully treated with propafenone with no induction of swallowing-induced tachycardia after treatment. This is also the first case to show swallowing-induced atrial tachycardia and atrial fibrillation in the same patient.

  16. C6 plate puncture testing report.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vangoethem, Douglas J. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Cordova, Theresa Elena [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Reu, Phillip L. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    2013-04-01

    There are numerous scenarios where critical systems could be subject to penetration by projectiles or fixed objects (e.g., collision, natural disaster, act of terrorism, etc.). It is desired to use computational models to examine these scenarios and make risk-informed decisions; however, modeling of material failure is an active area of research, and new models must be validated with experimental data. The purpose of this report is to document the experimental work performed from FY07 through FY08 on the Campaign Six Plate Puncture project. The goal of this project was to acquire experimental data on the puncture and penetration of metal plates for use in model validation. Of particular interest is the PLH failure model also known as the multilinear line segment model. A significant amount of data that will be useful for the verification and validation of computational models of ductile failure were collected during this project were collected and documented herein; however, much more work remains to be performed, collecting additional experimental data that will further the task of model verification.

  17. [Digital simulation of unipedicular thoracolumbar vertebroplasty puncture].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cai, Jia-min; Cheng, Li-ming; Jia, Yong-wei

    2011-08-09

    To measure such operative parameters of unipedicular kyphoplasty as optimal entry point, angle and depth so as to provide rationales for its clinical management and formulate a standardized protocol for unipedicular vertebroplasty. Ten dry thoracolumbar specimens were prepared for measurement. The entry and target points were defined according to the Roy-Camille method. A 3mm Kirschner wire was used to puncture and view in the anteroposterior and lateral aspects of radiography until a satisfying position. The outside oblique and upward oblique angles were measured on the radiographic pictures. After extraction, the depth of Kirschner wire was measured. The positions of entry point were changed and the largest upward oblique angle and largest declination angle measured on the radiographic pictures. For safe puncturing, as the outside oblique and upward oblique angles enlarged from T(11) to L(3), the length enlarged from T(11) to T(12) and L(1) to L(3). The accepted error was that the largest upward oblique angle and largest declination angle enlarged from T(11) to L(3). The alteration range for outside oblique angle was extremely narrow. The experimental results provide the guiding data for the operative management of unipedicular thoracolumbar vertebroplasty. If the pedicle is too small or the angle too narrow, the operative sophistication of vertebroplasty will be highly demanding.

  18. Surgical treatment of partial atrioventricular septal defect: functional analysis of the mitral valve in the postoperative period

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josué Viana Castro Neto

    2002-11-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To study mitral valve function in the postoperative period after correction of the partial form of atrioventricular septal defect. METHODS: Fifty patients underwent surgical correction of the partial form of atrioventricular septal defect. Their mean age was 11.8 years and 62% of the patients were males. Preoperative echocardiography showed moderate and severe mitral insufficiency in 44% of the patients. The mitral valve cleft was sutured in 45 (90% patients (group II - GII. Echocardiographies were performed in the early postoperative period, and 6 and 12 months after hospital discharge. RESULTS: The patients who had some type of arrhythmia in the postoperative period had ostium primum atrial septal defect of a larger size (2.74 x 2.08 cm. All 5 patients in group I (GI, who did not undergo closure of the cleft, had a competent mitral valve or mild mitral insufficiency in the preoperative period. One of these patients began to have moderate mitral insufficiency in the postoperative period. On the other hand, in GII, 88.8% and 82.2% of the patients had competent mitral valve or mild mitral insufficiency in the early and late postoperative periods, respectively. CONCLUSION: The mitral valve cleft was repaired in 90% of cases. Echocardiography revealed competent mitral valve or mild mitral insufficiency in 88.8% and 82.2% of GII patients in the early and late postoperative periods, respectively.

  19. Anaesthetic management of a child with "cor-triatriatum" and multiple ventricular septal defects - A rare congenital anomaly

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sriram Sabade

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Cor-triatriatum is a rare congenital cardiac anomaly. It accounts for 0.1% of congenital heart diseases. Its association with multiple ventricular septal defects (VSD is even rarer. A five-month-old baby was admitted with respiratory distress and failure to thrive. Clinical examination revealed diastolic murmur over mitral area. Chest X-ray showed cardiomegaly. Haematological and biochemical investigations were within normal limits. Electrocardiogram showed left atrial enlargement. 2D echo showed double-chambered left atrium (cor-triatriatum, atrial septal defect (ASD and muscular VSD with moderate pulmonary arterial hypertension. The child was treated with 100% oxygen, diuretics and digoxin and was stabilized medically. We used balanced anaesthetic technique using oxygen, air, isoflurane, fentanyl, midazolam and vecuronium. Patient was operated under cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB with moderate hypothermia. Through right atriotomy abnormal membrane in the left atrium was excised to make one chamber. VSD were closed with Dacron patches and ASD was closed with autologous pericardial patch. Patient tolerated the whole procedure well and was ventilated electively for 12h in the intensive care unit. He was discharged on the 10 th postoperative day.

  20. Safety and efficacy of transseptal puncture guided by real-time fusion of echocardiography and fluoroscopy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Afzal, S; Veulemans, V; Balzer, J; Rassaf, T; Hellhammer, K; Polzin, A; Kelm, M; Zeus, T

    2017-02-01

    Visual guidance through echocardiography and fluoroscopy is crucial for a successful transseptal puncture (TSP) in a prespecified region of the fossa ovalis. The novel EchoNavigator system Release II (EchoNav II, Philips Healthcare, Andover, Massachusetts, USA) enables the real-time fusion of fluoroscopic and echocardiographic images. We evaluated this new imaging method in respect to safety and efficacy of TSP during MitraClip implantation and left atrial appendage closure. Forty-four patients before (-EchoNav) and 44 patients after (+EchoNav) the introduction of real-time fusion were included in our retrospective, single-centre study. The primary endpoint was the occurrence of adverse events due to TSP. Secondary endpoints were successful puncture at the prespecified region and time until TSP (min). In both groups TSP was performed successfully in the prespecified region and no adverse events occurred during or due to the accomplishment of TSP. Time until TSP was significantly reduced in the +EchoNav group in comparison with the EchoNav group (18.48 ± 5.62 min vs. 23.20 ± 9.61 min, p = 0.006). Real-time fusion of echocardiography and fluoroscopy proved to be as safe and successful as standard best practice for TSP. Moreover, efficacy was improved through significant reduction of time until TSP.

  1. Prevention of atrial fibrillation by inter-atrial septum pacing guided by electrophysiological testing, in patients with delayed interatrial conduction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manolis, A G; Katsivas, A G; Vassilopoulos, C; Koutsogeorgis, D; Louvros, N E

    2002-04-01

    Interatrial septum (IAS) pacing seems efficient in synchronizing atrial depolarization in patients (pts) with delayed inter-atrial conduction, but its clinical role in preventing atrial tachyarrhythmias is still debated. This study was conducted in order to evaluate the clinical efficacy of IAS pacing guided by pace mapping of the IAS, as an alternative treatment modality in pts with drug refractory paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF). We evaluated 29 pts (13 male, 16 female, 60 +/- 11 years), with drug refractory PAF, normal sinus node function and prolonged inter-atrial conduction time (P wave 142 +/- 10 ms). Multipolar catheters were inserted and the electrograms from the high right atrium (HRA) and proximal, middle and distal coronary sinus (CS) were recorded. The IAS was paced from multiple sites. The site of IAS where the timing between HRA and distal CS was AAIR (75-140 bpm) mode, with random selection of the order and after discontinuation of antiarrhythmic treatment. During the fourth period, the same AAIR mode was assessed, but antiarrhythmic drugs were also administered. We compared the arrhythmia free interval among the four periods. The proportion of atrial paced beats in AAIR pacing mode plus antiarrhythmics was significantly higher compared with the drug-free period in AAIR mode (57 +/- 9% and 49 +/- 9% respectively, P=0017) and with AAT pacing mode (44 +/- 10%,(, PAAIR mode. These intervals did not differ significantly from the pre-implantation period (24.1 +/- 6.3 days). The arrhythmia free interval in AAIR pacing in combination with antiarrhythmic drug therapy was 38.7 +/- 8.1 days and this was significantly longer than the previous periods (P<0.05). Atrial septal pacing in combination with antiarrhythmic drug therapy reduced the incidence of PAF in pts with prolonged inter-atrial conduction times. Pace mapping of the IAS is an attractive technique to assess the shortest atrial activation time between HRA and distal CS. Whether placement of the

  2. Septal alcoholization in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: about 11 cases

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Outcomes of septal alcoholization in hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy are not enough studied in all centers. The purpose of this study was to determine the outcomes of septal alcoholization in hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy in our hospital. A retrospective and prospective descriptive study focused on all ...

  3. Ventricular septal defect closure in a patient with achondroplasia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakanishi, Keisuke; Kawasaki, Shiori; Amano, Atsushi

    2017-01-01

    Achondroplasia with co-morbid CHD is rare, as are reports of surgical treatment for such patients. We present the case of a 13-year-old girl with achondroplasia and ventricular septal defect. Her ventricular septal defect was surgically repaired focussing on the cardiopulmonary bypass flow, healing of the sternum, and her frail neck cartilage. The surgery and recovery were without complications.

  4. Anatomical-embryological correlates in atrioventricular septal defect.

    OpenAIRE

    Allwork, S P

    1982-01-01

    Recent embryological studies have supported the consideration that the ventricular septum is multifocal in origin. These data have also provided excellent correlation of the morphology of malformed hearts with their embryology. In particular, atrioventricular septal defect correlates accurately with these observations on ventricular septation. Many of the names given to atrioventricular septal defect (for example ostium primum, persistent atrioventricular canal, endocardial cushion defect) in...

  5. Transaortic closure of residual intramural ventricular septal defect.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belli, E; Houyel, L; Serraf, A; Lacour-Gayet, F; Petit, J; Planché, C

    2000-05-01

    Residual intramural ventricular septal defect is an unusual cause of left-to-right shunt after biventricular repair of conotruncal anomalies. It results from the insertion of the patch within the trabeculated right ventricular free wall related to the ventriculoinfundibular fold creating a communication through the intertrabeculated spaces to the right ventricular cavity. This complication often leads to unsuccessful reoperations unless the exact mechanism of the shunt has been identified. Five patients presented with residual intramural ventricular septal defects. Three had double outlet right ventricle, one pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect, and one tetralogy of Fallot. One patient was unsuccessfully reoperated on for closure of the residual ventricular septal defect through the right ventricular approach. The surgical treatment, which consisted of patch closure of the residual intramural ventricular septal defect through aortotomy, was successful in 3 patients. In the 2 remaining patients the hemodynamically insignificant residual intramural ventricular septal defect remained untouched. No mortality or morbidity occurred. Residual intramural ventricular septal defect should be suspected in presence of a residual ventricular septal defect after biventricular repair of conotruncal anomalies. It is not accessible through either atriotomy or right ventriculotomy. The transaortic approach allows an easy treatment of this rare complication.

  6. Molecular Diffusion through Cyanobacterial Septal Junctions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mercedes Nieves-Morión

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Heterocyst-forming cyanobacteria grow as filaments in which intercellular molecular exchange takes place. During the differentiation of N2-fixing heterocysts, regulators are transferred between cells. In the diazotrophic filament, vegetative cells that fix CO2 through oxygenic photosynthesis provide the heterocysts with reduced carbon and heterocysts provide the vegetative cells with fixed nitrogen. Intercellular molecular transfer has been traced with fluorescent markers, including calcein, 5-carboxyfluorescein, and the sucrose analogue esculin, which are observed to move down their concentration gradient. In this work, we used fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP assays in the model heterocyst-forming cyanobacterium Anabaena sp. strain PCC 7120 to measure the temperature dependence of intercellular transfer of fluorescent markers. We find that the transfer rate constants are directly proportional to the absolute temperature. This indicates that the “septal junctions” (formerly known as “microplasmodesmata” linking the cells in the filament allow molecular exchange by simple diffusion, without any activated intermediate state. This constitutes a novel mechanism for molecular transfer across the bacterial cytoplasmic membrane, in addition to previously characterized mechanisms for active transport and facilitated diffusion. Cyanobacterial septal junctions are functionally analogous to the gap junctions of metazoans.

  7. Chlamydial conjunctivitis presenting as pre septal cellulitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diaper Charles JM

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Chlamydia conjuctivitis results from infection by chlamydia trachomatis, the commonest treatable sexually transmitted infection in Europe. Its clinical manifestations involve the conjunctiva and the cornea. The inflammation under the upper eyelid may be sufficient to present as ptosis, however previously it has not been documented to cause a preseptal cellulitis. We present such a case. A 15-year-old girl was diagnosed with a left viral conjunctivitis. Five days later, she returned with marked oedema of the left upper and lower lids accompanied by erythema. The tarsal conjunctiva revealed follicles and large papillae and extra ocular movements revealed discomfort on elevation. A secondary diagnosis of bacterial pre septal cellulitis was made and the treatment was changed a broad spectrum oral antibiotic. On review at two days, the patient now complained of a large amount of purulent discharge in association with the marked pre septal swelling. As previous bacteriology and virology had been negative, the patient was re swabbed for chlamydia. This proved positive and her symptoms completely resolved following administration of Azithromycin. In this particular case recognition of the pathogen is important to alert the patient to the likelihood of unknown genital infestation. In all cases of positive culture, the patient should be counselled to attend a genitourinary clinic and to alert any sexual partners to the need to do likewise.

  8. Three Achilles’ heels of alcohol septal ablation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. G. Kashtanov

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available This manuscript looks at basic limitations of alcohol septal ablation in obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. They include high-grade atrioventricular blockages, residual obstructions of the left ventricular outflow tract and the so-called proarrhythmic effects of alcohol septal ablation procedure. All these weaknesses are reviewed in the context of incidence, etiology, and prevention.Received 25 February 2017. Accepted 10 April 2017.Funding: The study did not have sponsorship.Conflict of interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.Author contributionsConception and study design: M.G. Kashtanov.Data collection and analysis: M.G. Kashtanov.Drafting the article: M.G. Kashtanov, E.M. Idov.Final approval of the version to be published: M.G. Kashtanov, S.D. Chernyshev, L.V. Kardapoltsev, S.V. Berdnikov, E.M. Idov.Full text of the article is in the online version of this paper at http://dx.doi.org/10.21688/1681-3472-2017-3-12-22

  9. Olfactory receptors in the mouse septal organ.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaluza, Jan F; Gussing, Fredrik; Bohm, Staffan; Breer, Heinz; Strotmann, Jörg

    2004-05-15

    In this study we have identified a repertoire of chemosensory receptors expressed in the septal organ (SO). The results suggest that septal organ neurons are specified to express receptor genes belonging to class II olfactory receptors that are also expressed in the main olfactory epithelium. We found no evidence for the expression of members from the vomeronasal receptor gene families. In the SO, no topography analogous to the receptor expression zones of the main olfactory epithelium was evident. The majority of identified receptors corresponds to genes with restricted expression in the medial and lateral zones of the main olfactory epithelium. This coincides with the expression of olfactory cell adhesion molecule (OCAM) throughout the SO, which is considered as a marker for the medial-lateral zones. In contrast, NADPH:quinone oxidoreductase 1 expression, a characteristic marker for the dorsal zone, was lacking in the SO. Most of the receptor types were found to be expressed in rather few SO neurons; as an exception, the receptor mOR244-3 was observed in a very high proportion of cells. Although a very high fraction of SO neurons expressed mOR244-3, we found no evidence for the coexpression of different receptors in individual cells. Copyright 2004 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

  10. Lumbar puncture must it be preceded by the ocular fundus ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... engagement is still common at the UHB. This has the effect of delaying or not realising the lumbar puncture which is the basis for the diagnosis of meningitis, increasing the morality associated with this serious disease. Do not make a lumbar puncture pending ocular fundus is a medical error that can be fatal for the patient.

  11. Cerebrospinal fluid loss at lumbar puncture for caesarean section ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background Post dural puncture headache (PDPH) is an unpleasant complication of spinal anaesthesia. Several studies have attempted explanation of its pathophysiology. A widely held view is that it results from loss of cerebrospinal fluid volume resulting from leak following a hole left in the dura after the puncture.

  12. Ballistic Puncture Self-Healing Polymeric Materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gordon, Keith L.; Siochi, Emilie J.; Yost, William T.; Bogert, Phil B.; Howell, Patricia A.; Cramer, K. Elliott; Burke, Eric R.

    2017-01-01

    Space exploration launch costs on the order of $10,000 per pound provide an incentive to seek ways to reduce structural mass while maintaining structural function to assure safety and reliability. Damage-tolerant structural systems provide a route to avoiding weight penalty while enhancing vehicle safety and reliability. Self-healing polymers capable of spontaneous puncture repair show promise to mitigate potentially catastrophic damage from events such as micrometeoroid penetration. Effective self-repair requires these materials to quickly heal following projectile penetration while retaining some structural function during the healing processes. Although there are materials known to possess this capability, they are typically not considered for structural applications. Current efforts use inexpensive experimental methods to inflict damage, after which analytical procedures are identified to verify that function is restored. Two candidate self-healing polymer materials for structural engineering systems are used to test these experimental methods.

  13. Transesophageal echocardiography for incremental value of Amplatezer cribriform septal occluder for percutaneous transcatheter closure of complex septal defects: Case series

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shen Kou Tsai

    2017-06-01

    Conclusion: Our patients with complex septal defects were successfully treated by transcatheter closure using an Amplazter cribriform septal occluder device with careful planning based on patient presentation and close interdisciplinary collaboration. RT 3D color Doppler TEE provided precise information for the selection of the appropriate occluder device and facilitated the procedure by guiding the catheter through the often challenging patient anatomy.

  14. Atrial Fibrillation and Hyperthyroidism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jayaprasad N

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available Atrial fibrillation occurs in 10 – 15% of patients with hyperthyroidism. Low serum thyrotropin concentration is an independent risk factor for atrial fibrillation. Thyroid hormone contributes to arrythmogenic activity by altering the electrophysiological characteristics of atrial myocytes by shortening the action potential duration, enhancing automaticity and triggered activity in the pulmonary vein cardio myocytes. Hyperthyroidism results in excess mortality from increased incidence of circulatory diseases and dysrhythmias. Incidence of cerebral embolism is more in hyperthyroid patients with atrial fibrillation, especially in the elderly and anti-coagulation is indicated in them. Treatment of hyperthyroidism results in conversion to sinus rhythm in up to two-third of patients. Beta-blockers reduce left ventricular hypertrophy and atrial and ventricular arrhythmias in patients with hyperthyroidism. Treatment of sub clinical hyperthyroidism is controversial. Optimizing dose of thyroxine treatment in those with replacement therapy and beta-blockers is useful in exogenous subclinical hyperthyroidism.

  15. [Atrial fibrillation and stroke].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aamodt, Anne Hege; Sandset, Per Morten; Atar, Dan; Tveit, Arnljot; Russell, David

    2013-08-06

    More than 70,000 Norwegians have atrial fibrillation, which is a major risk factor for ischemic stroke. A large proportion of ischemic strokes caused by atrial fibrillation could be prevented if patients receive optimal prophylactic treatment. This article describes the risk for ischemic stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation, and discusses who should receive prophylactic treatment and which therapy provides the best prevention. The article is based on recently published European, American and Canadian guidelines, a search in PubMed and the authors' own clinical experience. The new risk score CHA2DS2-VASc is better than the CHADS2 score for identifying patients with atrial fibrillation who have a truly low risk of ischemic stroke and are not in need of antithrombotic treatment. Oral anticoagulation therapy is recommended for patients with two or more risk factors for thromboembolism in addition to atrial fibrillation (CHA2DS2-VASc ≥ 2). Patients with atrial fibrillation and a single additional risk factor (CHA2DS2-VASc =1) an individual assessment should be made as to who should receive oral anticoagulants, and for patients with CHA2DS2-VASc = 0 antithrombotic treatment is not recommended. New oral anticoagulants are at least as effective as warfarin for preventing ischemic stroke in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation, they carry a lower risk of cerebral haemorrhage, especially intracranial haemorrhage and are more practical in use. Platelet inhibitors have a minimal role in stroke prevention in patients with atrial fibrillation. Risks stratifying patients using the CHA2DS2-VASc score is a better method for assessing which patients with atrial fibrillation who should receive oral anticoagulation. The introduction of new oral anticoagulants will simplify preventive treatment and hopefully lead to a more efficient anticoagulation treatment in a larger number of patients with atrial fibrillation.

  16. Alcohol septal ablation to overcome shock.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galle, Katalien; De Sutter, Johan; Cornelis, Kristoff

    2010-04-01

    A 69-year-old man, known with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM), was referred to our hospital because of progressive hypoxaemia and sepsis after admission for respiratory infection. Once at the emergency department, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, intubation and mechanical ventilation were necessary. Despite vasopressors and colloids the patient remained haemodynamically unstable. Because of the conviction that the distributive shock, caused by sepsis, was worsened by an associated obstructive shock related to the HOCM, an alcohol septal ablation (ASA) was attempted in these acute circumstances. Immediately after the ASA the gradient over the left ventricular outflow tract disappeared and the mean arterial pressure and oxygenation increased. Despite his cardiovascular recuperation the patient died a couple of days later. Nevertheless we achieved an improvement of the haemodynamic situation of this patient with HOCM by performing an urgent ASA.

  17. Ventricular septal defect following blunt chest trauma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lisa Ryan

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available We present a 32-year-old male with ventricular septal defect (VSD following blunt chest trauma. Traumatic VSD is a rare but potentially life-threatening injury, the severity, course and presentation of which are variable. While the diagnosis of myocardial injury may be challenging, cardiac troponins are useful as a screening and diagnostic test. The proposed pathophysiological mechanisms in the development of traumatic VSD are early mechanical rupture and delayed inflammatory rupture. We conducted a literature review to investigate the pathogenesis, distribution of patterns of presentation, and the associated prognoses in patients with VSD following blunt chest trauma. We found that traumatic VSDs diagnosed within 48 hours were more likely to be severe, require emergency surgery and were associated with a higher mortality. Children with traumatic VSDs had an increased mortality risk. Smaller lesions may be managed conservatively but should be followed up to detect late complications. In both groups elective repair was associated with a good outcome.

  18. What Next After Failed Septal Ventricular Tachycardia Ablation?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurent Roten, MD

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Ablation of ventricular tachycardia (VT by conventional radiofrequency ablation can be impossible if the ventricular wall at the targeted ablation site is very thick, as for example the ventricular septum. We present a case of a patient with incessant, non-sustained slow VT originating from the septal part of the lower outflow tracts. Radiofrequency catheter ablation from both ventricles as well as from the anterior cardiac vein were not successful. Both high power radiofrequency ablation and bipolar radiofrequency ablation neither were successfull. Finally, ethanol ablation of the first septal perforator successfully terminated arrhythmia. We discuss the possibilities to overcome failed conventional radiofrequency VT ablation of a septal focus.

  19. Effects of beta-blockade on atrial and atrioventricular nodal refractoriness, and atrial fibrillatory rate during atrial fibrillation in pigs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van den Berg, MP; van de Ven, LLM; Witting, W; Crijns, JGM; Haaksma, J; Bel, KJ; de Langen, CDJ; Lie, KI

    1997-01-01

    Despite their widespread use in atrial fibrillation, the effects of beta-adrenoceptor blockers on atrial and atrioventricular (AV) nodal refractoriness, and atrial fibrillatory rate during atrial fibrillation have been incompletely characterised. In particular, it is unknown whether additional

  20. Changes in left atrial deformation in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: Evaluation by vector velocity imaging

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hala Mahfouz Badran

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM represents a generalized myopathic process affecting both ventricular and atrial myocardium. We assessed the global and regional left atrial (LA function and its relation to left ventricular (LV mechanics and clinical status in patients with HCM using Vector Velocity Imaging (VVI. Methods: VVI of the LA and LV was acquired from apical four- and two-chamber views of 108 HCM patients (age 40±19years, 56.5% men and 33 healthy subjects, all had normal LV systolic function. The LA subendocardium was traced to obtain atrial volumes, ejection fraction, velocities, and strain (ɛ/strain rate (SR measurements. Results: Left atrial reservoir (ɛsys,SRsys and conduit (early diastolic SRe function were significantly reduced in HCM compared to controls (P-1.8s-1 was 81% sensitive and 30% specific, SRa>-1.5s-1 was 73% sensitive and 40% specific. By multivariate analysis global LVɛsys and LV septal thickness are independent predictors for LAɛsys, while end systolic diameter is the only independent predictor for SRsys, P<.001. Conclusion: Left atrial reservoir and conduit function as measured by VVI were significantly impaired while contractile function was preserved among HCM patients. Left atrial deformation was greatly influenced by LV mechanics and correlated to severity of phenotype.

  1. The spontaneous puncture of thick liquid films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Néel, Baptiste; Villermaux, Emmanuel

    2016-11-01

    We call thick those films for which the disjoining pressure is ineffective. Water films with thickness h in the 1-10 μm range are thick, but it is also known that, paradoxically, they nucleate holes spontaneously. We have uncovered a mechanism solving the paradox. Most natural films are dirty to some extent, and we show that if a spot of dissolved substance lowers locally the surface tension of the liquid, the corresponding Marangoni stress may lead to a self-sustained instability triggering film rupture. When deposited with size a, the spot dissipates by molecular diffusion (coefficient D) along the film in a time a2 / D . Before doing so, the surface tension gradient Δσ / a between the spot center (tension σ - Δσ) and the rest of the film (tension σ) induces an inhomogeneous outward interstitial flow which digs the spot, and reinforces the tension gradient. Hence the instability, which occurs within a timescale τ √{ ρa2 h / Δσ } , with ρ the liquid density. When the Péclet number Pe =a2 / Dτ is small, diffusion regularizes the film, which remains flat: clean films don't break, while for Pe > 1 , the film punctures. This new scenario will be illustrated by several experiments.

  2. Eisenmenger ventricular septal defect in a Humboldt penguin (Spheniscus humboldti).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laughlin, D S; Ialeggio, D M; Trupkiewicz, J G; Sleeper, M M

    2016-09-01

    The Eisenmenger ventricular septal defect is an uncommon type of ventricular septal defect characterised in humans by a traditionally perimembranous ventricular septal defect, anterior deviation (cranioventral deviation in small animal patients) of the muscular outlet septum causing malalignment relative to the remainder of the muscular septum, and overriding of the aortic valve. This anomaly is reported infrequently in human patients and was identified in a 45-day-old Humboldt Penguin, Spheniscus humboldti, with signs of poor growth and a cardiac murmur. This case report describes the findings in this penguin and summarises the anatomy and classification of this cardiac anomaly. To the authors' knowledge this is the first report of an Eisenmenger ventricular septal defect in a veterinary patient. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  3. Ventricular septal defect due to blunt chest trauma | Olivier | South ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Blunt chest trauma may cause cardiac trauma, this possibility often being overlooked. Various anatomical structures may be affected. A case of ventr'icular septal defect due to blunt chest trauma is described and the relevant literature is reviewed.

  4. Intra-cardiac echocardiography in alcohol septal ablation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cooper, Robert M; Shahzad, Adeel; Newton, James

    2015-01-01

    Alcohol septal ablation (ASA) in hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy reduces left ventricular outflow tract gradients. A third of patients do not respond; inaccurate localisation of the iatrogenic infarct can be responsible. Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) using myocardial contrast can...

  5. Punctures for theories of class S_{Γ}

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heckman, Jonathan J.; Jefferson, Patrick; Rudelius, Tom; Vafa, Cumrun

    2017-03-01

    With the aim of understanding compactifications of 6D superconformal field theories to four dimensions, we study punctures for theories of class S_{Γ} . The class S_{Γ} theories arise from M5-branes probing ℂ 2/ Γ, an ADE singularity. The resulting 4D theories descend from compactification on Riemann surfaces decorated with punctures. We show that for class S_{Γ} theories, a puncture is specified by singular boundary conditions for fields in the 5D quiver gauge theory obtained from compactification of the 6D theory on a cylinder geometry. We determine general boundary conditions and study in detail solutions with first order poles. This yields a generalization of the Nahm pole data present for 1/2 BPS punctures for theories of class S. Focusing on specific algebraic structures, we show how the standard discussion of nilpotent orbits and its connection to representations of su(2) generalizes in this broader context.

  6. Punctures for theories of class S{sub Γ}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Heckman, Jonathan J. [Department of Physics, University of North Carolina,Chapel Hill, NC 27599 (United States); Jefferson, Patrick; Rudelius, Tom; Vafa, Cumrun [Jefferson Physical Laboratory, Harvard University,Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)

    2017-03-31

    With the aim of understanding compactifications of 6D superconformal field theories to four dimensions, we study punctures for theories of class S{sub Γ}. The class S{sub Γ} theories arise from M5-branes probing ℂ{sup 2}/Γ, an ADE singularity. The resulting 4D theories descend from compactification on Riemann surfaces decorated with punctures. We show that for class S{sub Γ} theories, a puncture is specified by singular boundary conditions for fields in the 5D quiver gauge theory obtained from compactification of the 6D theory on a cylinder geometry. We determine general boundary conditions and study in detail solutions with first order poles. This yields a generalization of the Nahm pole data present for 1/2 BPS punctures for theories of class S. Focusing on specific algebraic structures, we show how the standard discussion of nilpotent orbits and its connection to representations of su(2) generalizes in this broader context.

  7. Atrial mass: a myxoma?

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Chatzis, Andrew C; Kostopanagiotou, Kostas; Kousi, Theofili; Mitropoulos, Fotios

    2016-01-01

    A middle‐aged woman with a history of resected colorectal cancer and receiving chemotherapy presented with a right atrial mass and the provisional diagnosis of myxoma supported by echocardiography, computed...

  8. Atrial Fibrillation and Stroke

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... faulty heart valves, lung disease, and stimulant or alcohol abuse. Some people will have no identifiable cause for their AF. × Definition Atrial fibrillation (AF) describes the rapid, irregular beating ...

  9. Cerebellar Herniation after Lumbar Puncture in Galactosemic Newborn

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salih Kalay

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Cerebral edema resulting in elevated intracranial pressure is a well-known complication of galactosemia. Lumbar puncture was performed for the diagnosis of clinically suspected bacterial meningitis. Herniation of cerebral tissue through the foramen magnum is not a common problem in neonatal intensive care units because of the open fontanelle in infants. We present the case of a 3-week-old infant with galactosemia who presented with signs of cerebellar herniation after lumbar puncture.

  10. Development and (pre-) clinical assessment of a novel surgical tool for primary and secondary tracheoesophageal puncture with immediate voice prosthesis insertion, the Provox Vega Puncture Set

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hilgers, Frans J. M.; Lorenz, Kai J.; Maier, Heinz; Meeuwis, Cees A.; Kerrebijn, Jeroen D. F.; Vander Poorten, Vincent; Vinck, Anne Sophie; Quer, Miquel; van den Brekel, Michiel W. M.

    2013-01-01

    Development and (pre-) clinical assessment were performed of a novel surgical tool for primary and secondary tracheoesophageal puncture (TEP) with immediate voice prosthesis (VP) insertion in laryngectomized patients, the Provox Vega Puncture Set (PVPS). After preclinical assessment in fresh frozen

  11. Clinical Characteristics of Adult Uncorrected Secundum Atrial Septal Defect, A Pilot Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucia Krisdinarti

    2016-12-01

    Defek septum atrium (DSA merupakan penyakit jantung bawaan yang paling sering dijumpai pada usia dewasa karena tanda dan gejalanya yang samar. Hipertensi paru (HP merupakan komplikasi DSA yang mendorong pasien mendatangi rumah sakit karena munculnya gejala yang berat. Hampir semua pasien DSA dewasa mengalami HP yang menyebabkan angka kesakitan dan kematian yang bermakna. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui karakteristik klinis pasien dengan DSA dan HP. Disain penelitian adalah potong lintang. Subjek dicuplik secara berurutan dari klinik rawat jalan dan rawat inap. Data demografi, medis dan pencitraan dikumpulkan dan dicatat dalam suatu case report form. Penelitian deskriptif dilakukan untuk menilai karakteristik subjek. Sebanyak tujuh puluh enam subjek dicuplik. Mayoritas subjek adalah wanita (77,6 % dalam usia muda, produktif dan subur (63,2 %. Gejala paling sering adalah sesak saat aktivitas, mudah lelah, dan berdebar. Sebagian besar pasien masuk dalam kelas fungsional WHO II (70,2 %. Rerata saturasi oksigen 96,4 %. Berdasar hasil ekhokardiografi, sebanyak 77,6 subjek telah mengalami HP. Rerata diameter terpanjang defek adalah 2,7 centimeter. Arah aliran darah melewati defek sebagian besar kiri ke kanan (77,6 %. Fungsi ventrikel kanan dan kiri dalam batas normal. Kateterisasi jantung kanan menunjukkan rerata tekanan atrium kiri sebesar 11,5 mmHg yang menandakan HP prekapiler/arteri. Rerata tekanan arteri pulmonalis sebesar 42.0 mmHg. Nilai indeks tahanan arteri pulmonalis sebagian besar kurang dari 4 Wood unit/m2 (63,7 % yang menunjukkan kemungkinan bisa dilakukan penutupan defek. Sedangkan 24,6 % subjek kontraindikasi untuk penutupan. Hipertensi arteri pulmonalis (HAP didiagnosis pada 77,6 % subjek, sedangkan 13,2 % subjek mengalami HAP borderline. Sebagai kesimpulan, sebagian besar DSA dewasa telah mengalami HAP, sebagian besar wanita muda yang berusia produktif, sebagian besar mengunjungi rumah sakit karena gejala HP, arah aliran sebagian besar dari kiri ke kanan dan sebagian besar telah mengalami penurunan kapasitas fungsional.

  12. Conduction Velocity around the Tricuspid Valve Annulus during Typical Atrial Flutter by Electro-anatomic Mapping System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akira Sawa, MD

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Conduction velocity around the tricuspid valve annulus (TA. during typical atrial flutter (AFL. has been shown to be slowest in the inferior vena cava-tricuspid valve (IVC-TV. isthmus when compared to the septal or free wall segments of the TA. We investigated the conduction velocity in IVC-TV isthmus, dividing into three areas. Methods: We evaluated conduction velocity around the TA during typical AFL in 10 patients, using an electro-anatomic mapping system (CARTO™. Conduction velocity was calculated at six areas around the TA including the septal wall, upper wall, lateral wall, and isthmus wall, which was further divided into three areas, lateral isthmus, mid isthmus, and septal isthmus. Results: Conduction velocity around the TA during typical AFL was slowest in the IVC-TV isthmus. Further, conduction velocities (m/sec. in the mid isthmus (0.44±0.17. and septal isthmus (0.45±0.22. were significantly slower (p < 0.05. than that in the upper wall (0.67±0.26. Conclusions: The relatively slower conduction in IVC-TV isthmus resulted from the relatively slower conduction in the area from mid to septal isthmus.

  13. Multifocal Atrial Tachycardia in 2 Children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ming-Yun Hsieh

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available The incidence of multifocal atrial tachycardia (MAT is very low and accounts for less than 1% of supraventricular tachycardia in infants and children. In this report, the clinical characteristics, medical treatment and outcome of MAT in 2 children are described. The first patient presented with tachycardia and respiratory failure since the day after birth. First, he received amiodarone, propranolol, and digoxin and then amiodarone alone. The heart rhythm converted to sinus rhythm 2 weeks after hospitalization. Although nonsustained MAT was occasionally observed when the infant suffered from pulmonary infection, the frequency of recurrent MAT decreased as the infant grew up. The second patient was a 5-year-old girl. She had congenital heart disease with double outlets of right ventricle (DORV, patent ductus arte-riosus, coarctation of aorta, and ventricular and atrial septal defects. She underwent total correction at the age of 4 years. MAT was noted 3 months after the operation with the presentation of congestive heart failure. The heart rate slowed down and returned to normal sinus rhythm within several hours after amiodarone use. The symptoms and signs of congestive heart failure also disappeared. The patient took amiodarone regularly, and no tachycardia was detected during the follow-up period. MAT is considered to be a relatively benign arrhythmia with likely good outcome if there is no severe underlying illness. It can be well controlled under appropriate drugs, and a long period of follow-up is suggested. If pharmacologic intervention is required, we suggest that amiodarone may be an excellent choice.

  14. Outcome of transcatheter closure of muscular ventricular septal defects with the Amplatzer ventricular septal defect occluder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thanopoulos, B D; Rigby, M L

    2005-04-01

    To present further experience and intermediate term outcome in 30 patients with single muscular ventricular septal defects (MVSDs) who underwent transcatheter closure with the Amplatzer ventricular septal defect occluder (AVSDO). Thirty patients, aged 4 months to 16 years, with MVSDs underwent transcatheter closure with the AVSDO. The device consists of two low profile disks made of Nitinol wire mesh with a 7 mm connecting waist. The prosthesis size (waist diameter) was selected to be equal to the balloon "stretched" diameter of the defect. A 7-9 French sheath was used to deliver the AVSDO. Fluoroscopy and transoesophageal echocardiography guided the procedure. The stretched diameter of the defects ranged from 6-14 mm. The communication was completely occluded in 28 of 30 patients (93% closure rate). One patient (a 4 month old infant) with sustained complete left bundle branch block after the procedure went on to develop complete heart block one year later. No other complications were observed during a mean follow up of 2.2 years (range 0.25-4.5 years). The AVSDO is an efficient prosthesis that can be safely used in the majority of patients with a single MVSD. Further studies are required to establish long term results in a larger patient population.

  15. [New Treatment for Vascular Thrombosis Prevention in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation: Left Atrial Appendage Occlusion].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Chen-Wei; Wang, Shiao-Pei

    2017-06-01

    Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common type of arrhythmia that increases significantly the risk of blood clots in the heart and of stroke. Therefore, stroke prevention is a key goal of AF treatment. In the past, patients were required to take anticoagulants for the remainder of their life, to regularly the monitor international normalized ratio (INR) of prothrombin time (PT), and to avoid possible negative interactions with various drugs and foods. Left atrial appendage occlusion (LAAO), a novel device and technique, was thus developed for AF patients with contraindications to anticoagulants and a high risk of bleeding. When using this technique, the occluder is placed on the left atrial appendage in order to effectively prevent blood stasis and thrombi accumulation. Transesophageal echocardiogram and computed tomography are conducted prior to the LAAO procedure, which is similar to the procedure used for cardiac catheterization. After the LAAO procedure, the patient remains in the intensive care unit (ICU), where vital signs, bleeding at the puncture site, and pericardial tamponade complications are monitored. Health education on daily activities, anticoagulant use, and regular follow-up should be given prior to hospital discharge. While LAAO may not reduce the incidence of stroke, the benefits of this procedure include a significant reduction in bleeding complications as compared to procedures that use oral anticoagulants. Further studies including long-term follow up and in-depth examinations of this procedure are necessary. The present article offers a reference for clinical staffs who are responsible for the care of patients treated using the LAAO procedure.

  16. [Fetal atrioventricular septal defect associated with Patau and Edwards syndromes, as well as trisomy 22].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cesko, I; Hajdú, J; Marton, T; Tóth-Pál, E; Papp, C; Papp, Z

    1998-05-03

    The atrioventricular septal defect is usually associated with trisomy 21 and it may be observed in the heterotaxia syndromes. Atrioventricular septal defect may be associated with 8p deletion. There are reported cases of familial atrioventricular septal defect. Atrioventicular septal defect is rarely associated with other chromosomal abnormalities. We are reporting three unusual cases of atrioventricular septal defect that were associated with trisomy 13, 18 and 22. This association may be due to effect of genetic loci on the 13, 18 and 22 chromosome which could play the role in the development and fusion of endocardial cushion and atrioventricular septal defect.

  17. Left atrial appendage occlusion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Mirdamadi

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Left atrial appendage (LAA occlusion is a treatment strategy to prevent blood clot formation in atrial appendage. Although, LAA occlusion usually was done by catheter-based techniques, especially percutaneous trans-luminal mitral commissurotomy (PTMC, it can be done during closed and open mitral valve commissurotomy (CMVC, OMVC and mitral valve replacement (MVR too. Nowadays, PTMC is performed as an optimal management of severe mitral stenosis (MS and many patients currently are treated by PTMC instead of previous surgical methods. One of the most important contraindications of PTMC is presence of clot in LAA. So, each patient who suffers of severe MS is evaluated by Trans-Esophageal Echocardiogram to rule out thrombus in LAA before PTMC. At open heart surgery, replacement of the mitral valve was performed for 49-year-old woman. Also, left atrial appendage occlusion was done during surgery. Immediately after surgery, echocardiography demonstrates an echo imitated the presence of a thrombus in left atrial appendage area, although there was not any evidence of thrombus in pre-pump TEE. We can conclude from this case report that when we suspect of thrombus of left atrial, we should obtain exact history of previous surgery of mitral valve to avoid misdiagnosis clotted LAA, instead of obliterated LAA. Consequently, it can prevent additional evaluations and treatments such as oral anticoagulation and exclusion or postponing surgeries including PTMC.

  18. A Giant Left Atrial Myxoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Medhat F. Zaher

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Atrial myxomas are the most common primary cardiac tumors. Patients with left atrial myxomas generally present with mechanical obstruction of blood flow, systemic embolization, and constitutional symptoms. We present a case of an unusually large left atrial myxoma discovered incidentally in a patient with longstanding dyspnea being managed as bronchial asthma.

  19. The surgical anatomy of double-outlet right ventricle with concordant atrioventricular connection and noncommitted ventricular septal defect.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stellin, G; Ho, S Y; Anderson, R H; Zuberbuhler, J R; Siewers, R D

    1991-12-01

    In describing hearts with double-outlet right ventricle, we have had problems with how best to use the term noncommitted as applied to the ventricular septal defect. We reviewed, therefore, 63 hearts with double-outlet right ventricle in the setting of usual atrial arrangement and a concordant atrioventricular connection. From these, 18 hearts with potentially noncommitted defects were identified and studied in detail. The defect was unequivocally remote from the ventricular outflow tracts in 16 of these hearts, being perimembranous with excavation to open into the inlet of the right ventricle in 12, two of these also having straddling of an atrioventricular valve. One heart had a muscular defect situated in the inlet part of the muscular septum, whereas the defect was the ventricular component of an atrioventricular septal defect in the other three. In the remaining two hearts the defect was anatomically juxtaposed to a subarterial outlet. The pathway to the outflow tract, however, was obstructed by leaflets of a straddling valve. Our study shows, therefore, the need to distinguish between anatomic "commitment" of the defect from the problems in terms of commitment that may confront the surgeon in the operating room. Not only does the distance between the interventricular communication and one of the subarterial outflow tract need to be assessed (the anatomic commitment), but also the presence and nature of any intervening extraneous tissues (the surgical commitment) requires assessment.

  20. Pre-puncture ultrasound guided epidural insertion before vaginal delivery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nassar, Mahmoud; Abdelazim, Ibrahim A

    2015-10-01

    Palpation method is widely used in clinical practice to identify the puncture site during combined spinal-epidural (CSE) blocks. Tuffier's line, is an anatomical landmark between two iliac crests (inter-cristal), which is widely used to identify the puncture site during CSE blocks is not always an indicator for specific vertebral level or inter-vertebral space. One hundred and Ten (110) women were scheduled for normal vaginal delivery and were randomized into two equal groups; palpation group and an ultrasound guided group to detect the efficacy of puncture ultrasound before CSE blocks to increase chances of successful CSE procedure on the first attempt and to reduce the number of attempts or punctures during insertion of CSE catheter. There were no significant differences between two studied groups regarding; maternal age, weight and height, while, there was a significant difference between two studied groups regarding; parity. Percentage of successful CSE procedure on the first attempt was significantly higher (67.27%) in ultrasound compared to palpation group (40%). Number of punctures (attempts) were significantly less in ultrasound (1.2 ± 0.6) compared to palpation group (2.3 ± 0.8) and the number of redirections was also significantly less in ultrasound (1.4 ± 0.5) compared to palpation group (2.8 ± 1.6). Although, time to identify puncture site was significantly longer in ultrasound compared to palpation group and total procedure time was longer in ultrasound (9.1 ± 1.5 min) compared to palpation group (6.2 ± 1.2 min), there was no significant difference between two studied groups regarding; time to identify puncture site and total procedure time. Two cases of dural puncture in palpation versus no cases in ultrasound group and two cases of intravascular catheter placement (one in each group), with no significant difference between two groups. Pre- puncture ultrasound guided epidural insertion before vaginal delivery, increases the chance of a

  1. Morphometric analysis of septal aperture of humerus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raghavendra K, Anil kumar Reddy Y, Shirol VS, Daksha Dixit, Desai SP

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Lower end of humerus shows olecranon and coronoid fossae separated by a thin bony septum, sometimes it may deficient and shows foramen which communicates both the fossae called Septal aperture, which is commonly referred as supratrochlear foramen (STF. Materials & Methods: We have studied 260 humeri (126 right side and 134 left side, measurements were taken by using vernier caliper, translucency septum was observed by keeping the lower end of humerus against the x-ray lobby. Results: A clear cut STF was observed in 19.2% bones, translucency septum was observed in 99 (91.6% humeri on the right side and 95 (93.1% humeri on the left sides respectively (Table – 1. Clinical significance: The presence of STF is always associated with the narrow medullary canal at the lower end of humerus, Supracondylar fracture of humerus is most common in paediatric age group, medullary nailing is done to treat the fractures in those cases the knowledge about the STF is very important for treating the fractures. It has been observed in x-ray of lower end of the humerus the STF is comparatively radiolucent, it is commonly seen as a type of ‘pseudolesions’ in an x-ray of the lower end of humerus and it may mistake for an osteolytic or cystic lesions. Conclusion: The present study can add data into anthropology and anatomy text books regarding STF and it gives knowledge of understanding anatomical variation of distal end of the humerus, which is significant for anthropologists, orthopaedic surgeons and radiologists in habitual clinical practice.

  2. Improvement in diastolic intraventricular pressure gradients in patients with HOCM after ethanol septal reduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rovner, Aleksandr; Smith, Rebecca; Greenberg, Neil L.; Tuzcu, E. Murat; Smedira, Nicholas; Lever, Harry M.; Thomas, James D.; Garcia, Mario J.

    2003-01-01

    We sought to validate measurement of intraventricular pressure gradients (IVPG) and analyze their change in patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) after ethanol septal reduction (ESR). Quantitative analysis of color M-mode Doppler (CMM) images may be used to estimate diastolic IVPG noninvasively. Noninvasive IVPG measurement was validated in 10 patients undergoing surgical myectomy. Echocardiograms were then analyzed in 19 patients at baseline and after ESR. Pulsed Doppler data through the mitral valve and pulmonary venous flow were obtained. CMM was used to obtain the flow propagation velocity (Vp) and to calculate IVPG off-line. Left atrial pressure was estimated with the use of previously validated Doppler equations. Data were compared before and after ESR. CMM-derived IVPG correlated well with invasive measurements obtained before and after surgical myectomy [r = 0.8, P < 0.01, Delta(CMM - invasive IVPG) = 0.09 +/- 0.45 mmHg]. ESR resulted in a decrease of resting LVOT systolic gradient from 62 +/- 10 to 29 +/- 5 mmHg (P < 0.001). There was a significant increase in the Vp and IVPG (from 48 +/- 5to 74 +/- 7 cm/s and from 1.5 +/- 0.2 to 2.6 +/- 0.3 mmHg, respectively, P < 0.001 for both). Estimated left atrial pressure decreased from 16.2 +/- 1.1 to 11.5 +/- 0.9 mmHg (P < 0.001). The increase in IVPG correlated with the reduction in the LVOT gradient (r = 0.6, P < 0.01). Reduction of LVOT obstruction after ESR is associated with an improvement in diastolic suction force. Noninvasive measurements of IVPG may be used as an indicator of diastolic function improvement in HOCM.

  3. Relativistic hydrodynamics in the presence of puncture black holes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faber, Joshua A.; Baumgarte, Thomas W.; Etienne, Zachariah B.; Shapiro, Stuart L.; Taniguchi, Keisuke

    2007-11-01

    Many of the recent numerical simulations of binary black holes in vacuum adopt the moving puncture approach. This successful approach avoids the need to impose numerical excision of the black hole interior and is easy to implement. Here we wish to explore how well the same approach can be applied to moving black hole punctures in the presence of relativistic hydrodynamic matter. First, we evolve single black hole punctures in vacuum to calibrate our Baumgarte-Shapiro-Shibata-Nakamura implementation and to confirm that the numerical solution for the exterior spacetime is invariant to any junk (i.e., constraint-violating) initial data employed in the black hole interior. Then we focus on relativistic Bondi accretion onto a moving puncture Schwarzschild black hole as a numerical test bed for our high-resolution shock-capturing relativistic hydrodynamics scheme. We find that the hydrodynamical equations can be evolved successfully in the interior without imposing numerical excision. These results help motivate the adoption of the moving puncture approach to treat the binary black hole neutron star problem using conformal thin-sandwich initial data.

  4. Nasal Septal Deviations: A Systematic Review of Classification Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeffrey Teixeira

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. To systematically review the international literature for internal nasal septal deviation classification systems and summarize them for clinical and research purposes. Data Sources. Four databases (including PubMed/MEDLINE were systematically searched through December 16, 2015. Methods. Systematic review, adhering to PRISMA. Results. After removal of duplicates, this study screened 952 articles for relevance. A final comprehensive review of 50 articles identified that 15 of these articles met the eligibility criteria. The classification systems defined in these articles included C-shaped, S-shaped, reverse C-shaped, and reverse S-shaped descriptions of the septal deviation in both the cephalocaudal and anteroposterior dimensions. Additional studies reported use of computed tomography and categorized deviation based on predefined locations. Three studies graded the severity of septal deviations based on the amount of deflection. The systems defined in the literature also included an evaluation of nasal septal spurs and perforations. Conclusion. This systematic review ascertained that the majority of the currently published classification systems for internal nasal septal deviations can be summarized by C-shaped or reverse C-shaped, as well as S-shaped or reverse S-shaped deviations in the anteroposterior and cephalocaudal dimensions. For imaging studies, predefined points have been defined along the septum. Common terminology can facilitate future research.

  5. Cavotricuspid isthmus mapping to assess bidirectional block during common atrial flutter radiofrequency ablation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, J; de Chillou, C; Basiouny, T; Sadoul, N; Filho, J D; Magnin-Poull, I; Messier, M; Aliot, E

    We sought to compare published methods to an alternative approach ascertaining cavotricuspid isthmus (CTI) block during atrial flutter ablation. In 39 consecutive patients who underwent an atrial flutter ablation procedure, a 24-pole mapping catheter was positioned so that 2 adjacent dipoles were bracketing the targeted CTI line of block (LOB), with proximal dipoles lateral to the LOB and distal dipoles in the coronary sinus. Two pacing sites were lateral (positions A and B) and 2 were septal (positions C and D) to the LOB, with locations A and D closest to the LOB. A resulting CTI block was accepted when 3 criteria were fulfilled: (1) complete reversal of the right atrial depolarization on the 24-pole catheter when pacing in the coronary sinus, (2) conduction delays from A to D greater than from B to D, and (3) conduction delays from D to A greater than from C to A. A successful CTI block was obtained in all patients. Before CTI block was obtained, a progressive CTI conduction delay was observed in 11 patients (28.2%). During the procedure, the 3 criteria defined above were either all present or all absent. This study establishes that reversal of the atrial depolarization sequence up to the LOB is a definitive and mandatory criteria of successful atrial flutter ablation.

  6. Major Intrahepatic Veno-Venous Fistula after Fontan Operation Treated by Transcatheter Implantation of Amplatzer Septal Occluder through Internal Jugular Vein

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alper Guzeltas

    Full Text Available Abstract Six months after undergoing a Fontan operation, a 7-year-old boy with right atrial isomerism and a single functional ventricle was admitted to our emergency department with cyanosis. Emergency cardiac catheterization revealed a large veno-venous fistula that began in a left hepatic vein, connected to the left accessory hepatic veins, and drained into the common atrium, resulting in desaturation. The fistula was occluded proximally with an Amplatzer septal occluder, with satisfying results; the patient's systemic arterial saturation decreased during his hospital stay. Three weeks after the first intervention, a second procedure was performed to retrieve the first device and to close the fistula distally. Multiple attempts with different types of gooseneck snares and a bioptome catheter failed to retrieve the first device, so a telescopic method was used to re-screw it. Using a Mullins long sheath and delivery sheath, the delivery cable was manipulated to fit into the slot of the end screw, and the cable was rotated gently in a clockwise direction to re-screw the device. Then, another Amplatzer septal occluder was placed at the distal end of the fistula. In conclusion, distal transcatheter occlusion of intrahepatic veno-venous fistulas might lead to better clinical outcomes in selected patients. Amplatzer septal occluder device can be retrieve without any complication within three weeks.

  7. Closure of carotid artery puncture site with a percutaneous device.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Massière, Bernardo; von Ristow, Arno; Cury, José Mussa; Gress, Marcus; Vescovi, Alberto; Pedron, Cleoni; Medina, Antônio Luiz; Masques, Marcos Areas; Silveira, Paulo Roberto; Jeha, Salim

    2009-03-01

    The surgical treatment of traumatic neck injuries in patients with hostile anatomy is associated with higher risk of complications, due to the technical challenge and associated clinical conditions. The use of a percutaneous closure device for removal of a 7.5 Fr sheath, nonintentionally implanted into the carotid artery, is reported. The right common carotid sheath was removed after introducing a 0.035-inch guidewire; the Angioseal 8 Fr device was then introduced over the wire, successfully sealing the puncture site. Duplex scan control showed patency of the carotids, sealing of the puncture, and adequate flow in the jugular vein and carotid arteries. This maneuver allowed the safe placement of a percutaneous arterial device (Angioseal) to close the puncture site.

  8. Obesity: An Independent Risk Factor for Insufficient Hemostasis Using the AngioSeal Vascular Closure Device After Antegrade Puncture

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Minko, Peter, E-mail: peterminko@yahoo.com; Katoh, Marcus [University Hospital Saarland, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Germany); Graeber, Stefan [University Hospital Saarland, Institute of Medical Biometry, Epidemiology and Medical Informatics (Germany); Buecker, Arno [University Hospital Saarland, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Germany)

    2012-08-15

    Purpose: This study was designed to investigate the efficacy of the AngioSeal vascular closure device after antegrade puncture of the femoral artery. Methods: In a prospective study, 120 consecutive patients underwent lower limb vascular intervention by an antegrade access to the common femoral artery (CFA). After intervention, a 6F (n = 88) or an 8F (n = 32) AngioSeal vascular closure device was used to achieve hemostasis. The technical success or the cause of failure was documented. In addition, the coagulation status (platelets, INR, prothrombin time, atrial thromboplastin time (PTT)), hypertonus, locoregional habitus of the groin, body mass index (BMI), presence of calcifications, and history of previous surgical interventions of the CFA were evaluated. Results: Hemostasis was achieved in 97 patients (81%). In 12 patients (10%), persistent bleeding of the puncture site required manual compression. In another nine patients (8%) a kink of the sheath obviated the passage of the collagen plug toward the vessel, and in two patients the anchor dislodged out of the vessel, requiring manual compression. There were no significant differences between the groups of successful and unsuccessful sealing regarding the mean platelets (241 vs. 254 * 10{sup 9}/l; P = 0.86), INR (1.06 vs. 1.02; P = 0.52), prothrombin time (90% vs. 90%; P = 0.86), and PTT (30 vs. 31 s; P = 0.82). However, unsuccessful sealing was more likely in obese patients with an increased BMI (26.6 vs. 28.8 kg/m{sup 2}; P = 0.04). Conclusions: Obesity seems to be an independent risk factor for insufficient sealing using the AngioSeal vascular closure device after antegrade puncture of the CFA. In 8% of our patients, hemostasis could not be achieved due to kink of the flexible sheath.

  9. Atrial natriuretic peptide in patients with heart failure and chronic atrial fibrillation : Role of duration of at atrial fibrillation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van Den Berg, MP; Crijns, HJGM; Van Veldhuisen, DJ; Van Gelder, IC; De Kam, PJ; Lie, KI

    The purpose of this study was to analyze the determinants of atrial natriuretic peptide level in patients with congestive heart failure and atrial fibrillation. In particular, the duration of atrial fibrillation was analyzed because atrial fibrillation per se might have a specific effect on atrial

  10. Assessment of atrial electromechanical delay and left atrial mechanical functions in patients with psoriasis vulgaris.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aksan, Gökhan; Nar, Gökay; Soylu, Korhan; İnci, Sinan; Yuksel, Serkan; Ocal, Hande Serra; Yuksel, Esra Pancar; Gulel, Okan

    2015-04-01

    Increased frequency of atrial fibrillation (AF) has been demonstrated in psoriasis cases. Prolongation of the duration of atrial electromechanical delay (AEMD) is a well-known characteristic of the atrium, which is vulnerable to AF. In the current study, our aims are to investigate AEMD durations and mechanical functions of the left atrium (LA) in patients with psoriasis. A total of 90 patients, 45 with psoriasis vulgaris and 45 as the control group, were included in the study. Atrial electromechanical coupling (PA) and intra- and inter-atrial electromechanical delay (IA-AEMD) were measured with tissue Doppler echocardiography. P-wave dispersion (PWD) was calculated from the 12-lead electrocardiogram. The severity of the disease was evaluated by the Psoriasis Area and Severity Index. The durations of PA lateral and PA septal were significantly high in the psoriasis group when compared with the control group (47.7 ± 9.8 vs. 57.1 ± 8.4 msec, P < 0.001 and 38.6 ± 9.9 vs. 43.6 ± 8 msec, P = 0.016, respectively). The durations of IA-AEMD, intra-right electromechanical delay, and intra-left electromechanical delay in the psoriasis group were significantly prolonged compared with the control group (15.2 ± 4.1 vs. 21.7 ± 5.6 msec, P < 0.001; 6 ± 2.5 vs. 8.7 ± 2.7 msec, P < 0.001; and 9.1 ± 3.9 vs. 13.5 ± 5.2 msec, P < 0.001; respectively). PWD was significantly higher in patients with psoriasis vulgaris compared with controls (36.1 ± 7.9 vs. 40.2 ± 9.1 msec, P = 0.043). In the present study, we found prolongation in the durations of AEMD and PWD in the psoriasis group compared with the control group. These results might be an early predictor of AF and other arrhythmias. © 2014, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  11. Pharmacological Treatment for Atrial Fibrillation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kaoru Sugi, MD PhD

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Pharmacological treatment for atrial fibrillation has a variety of purposes, such as pharmacological defibrillation, maintenance of sinus rhythm, heart rate control to prevent congestive heart failure and prevention of both cerebral infarction and atrial remodeling. Sodium channel blockers are superior to potassium channel blockers for atrial defibrillation, while both sodium and potassium channel blockers are effective in the maintenance of sinus rhythm. In general, digitalis or Ca antagonists are used to control heart rate during atrial fibrillation to prevent congestive heart failure, while amiodarone or bepridil also reduce heart rates during atrial fibrillation. Anticoagulant therapy with warfarin is recommended to prevent cerebral infarction and angiotensin converting enzyme antagonists or angiotensin II receptor blockers are also used to prevent atrial remodeling. One should select appropriate drugs for treatment of atrial fibrillation according to the patient's condition.

  12. Volume of the human septal forebrain region is a predictor of source memory accuracy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Butler, Tracy; Blackmon, Karen; Zaborszky, Laszlo; Wang, Xiuyuan; DuBois, Jonathan; Carlson, Chad; Barr, William B; French, Jacqueline; Devinsky, Orrin; Kuzniecky, Ruben; Halgren, Eric; Thesen, Thomas

    2012-01-01

    Septal nuclei, components of basal forebrain, are strongly and reciprocally connected with hippocampus, and have been shown in animals to play a critical role in memory. In humans, the septal forebrain has received little attention. To examine the role of human septal forebrain in memory, we acquired high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging scans from 25 healthy subjects and calculated septal forebrain volume using recently developed probabilistic cytoarchitectonic maps. We indexed memory with the California Verbal Learning Test-II. Linear regression showed that bilateral septal forebrain volume was a significant positive predictor of recognition memory accuracy. More specifically, larger septal forebrain volume was associated with the ability to recall item source/context accuracy. Results indicate specific involvement of septal forebrain in human source memory, and recall the need for additional research into the role of septal nuclei in memory and other impairments associated with human diseases.

  13. Spontaneous closure of muscular ventricular septal defects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pejčić Ljiljana

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction/Objective. Ventricular septal defect (VSD is the most frequently diagnosed congenital heart anomaly. The prognosis is usually good as it has spontaneous closure evolution, especially small muscular VSDs. The aim of this study was to determine the natural history of isolated muscular VSDs including the frequency of spontaneous closure in relation to location in the muscular septum and the age at the time of closure. Methods. The study included 96 children (52 girls and 44 boys with isolated muscular VSD diagnosed during the first month of life. We analyzed the tendency of spontaneous closure of these defects for the duration of childhood during a follow-up period of 16 years. Two-dimensional color Doppler echocardiography was performed to detect muscular VSD as a primary cardiac lesion. There was significant prevalence of small apical versus trabecular defects and their outcomes were evaluated. Results. Our study evaluated 91 children, 49 (53.8% girls and 42 (46.2% boys who did not undergo surgery. Apically located VSD was diagnosed in 68 (74.7%, while trabecular defects were found in 23 (25.3% children. Spontaneous closure occurred in 56 out of 91 cases (61.5%. The time of spontaneous closure was most commonly recorded during the first six months after birth (46.4%. The overall rate of spontaneous closure was 81.3% by the end of the first year. Apically located ventricular defects underwent spontaneous closure in the majority of patients, in comparison to trabecular ventricular defects (χ2 = 12.581; p < 0.001. Kaplan–Meier analysis demonstrated a significant difference in the average time required for spontaneous closure between the analyzed patient groups (log-rank = 9.64, p = 0.002. Conclusion. The frequency of spontaneous closure of muscular VSDs, especially apically located, is very high in the first six months, especially within the first year of life. It is advisable to detect them early on using color flow imaging and to

  14. Echocardiographic evaluation of ventricular septal defect haemodynamics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miranović Vesna

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Ventricular septal defect (VSD is an opening in the interventricular septum. 30-50% of patients with congenital heart disease have VSD. Objective The aim of the study was to determine the dependence of the left ventricular diastolic dimension (LVD, left ventricular systolic dimension (LVS, shortening fraction (SF, left atrium (LA, pulmonary artery truncus (TPA on the body surface and compare their values among experimental, control and a group of healthy children. Values of maximal systolic gradient pressure (Pvsd of VSD were compared with children from one experimental and control group. Method Children were divided into three groups: experimental (32 children with VSD that were to go to surgery, control (20 children with VSD who did not require surgery and 40 healthy children. Measurements of LVD, LVS, SF, LA, TPA were performed in accordance to recommendations of the American Echocardiographic Association. The value of Pvsd was calculated from the maximal flow velocity (V in VSD using the following formula: Pvsd=4xVІ (mm Hg. Results For children from the experimental group, the relationship between the body surface and the variability of the LVD was explained with 56.85%, LVS with 66.15%, SF with 4.9%, TPA with 58.92%. For children from the control group, the relationship between the body surface and the variability of LVD was explained with 88.8%, LVS with 72.5%, SF with 0.42%, PA with 58.92%. For healthy children, the relationship between the body surface and the variabilitiy of the LVD was explained with 88.8%, LVS with 88.78%, SF with 5.25% and PA with 84.75%. There was a significant statistical difference between average values of Pvsd in the experimental and control group (p<0.02. Conclusion The presence of the large VSD has an influence on the enlargement of LVD, LVS, SF, TPA. The enlargement of the size of the pulmonary artery depends on the presence of VSD and there is a direct variation in the magnitude of the shunt

  15. Assessment of left atrial mechanical functions in thyroid dysfunction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karabag, Turgut; Dogan, Sait M; Bayraktaroğlu, Taner; Sayin, Muhammet R; Buyukuysal, Cagatay; Akpinar, Ibrahim; Aydin, Mustafa

    2013-01-01

     Thyroid hormone deficiency can lead to the impairment of cardiac function.  The aim of the study was to determine the left atrial (LA) mechanical function in patients with subclinical hypothyroidism (SHT) and overt hypothyroidism (OHT) and investigate associations of LA mechanical function with diastolic function.   Twenty‑six patients with newly diagnosed SHT (mean age, 42.2 ±12.5 years), 21 patients with OHT (40.2 ±8.5 years) and 28 healthy volunteers (42.4 ±11.2 years) were enrolled in this study. Patients were evaluated by standard M‑mode echocardiographic measurements, mitral Doppler flow analysis, and tissue Doppler parameters at the lateral, septal, and right ventricular annuli. LA volumes were measured using the disc method, and the parameters of LA mechanical function were calculated.   The active emptying volume (AEV) and active emptying fraction (AEF) were significantly higher in the OHT and SHT groups compared with controls. The passive emptying volume and passive emptying fraction were lower in the OHT and SHT groups compared with controls, but the differences were not significant. The conduit volume and the E/A ratio were significantly lower in the OHT and SHT groups compared with controls. The lateral and septal E/Em were significantly higher in the OHT and SHT groups than in the control group, but the septal Em/Am was significantly lower. Diastolic function parameters showed significant associations with AEV and AEF.   LA mechanical function is impaired in patients with thyroid dysfunction. Our findings suggest that this impairment is secondary to that of the left ventricular diastolic function.

  16. Increased amount of atrial fibrosis in patients with atrial fibrillation secondary to mitral valve disease

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Geuzebroek, Guillaume S. C.; van Amersfoorth, Shirley C. M.; Hoogendijk, Mark G.; Kelder, Johannes C.; van Hemel, Norbert M.; de Bakker, Jacques M. T.; Coronel, Ruben

    2012-01-01

    Objective: Atrial fibrosis is related to atrial fibrillation but may differ in patients with mitral valve disease or lone atrial fibrillation. Therefore, we studied atrial fibrosis in patients with atrial fibrillation + mitral valve disease or with lone atrial fibrillation and compared it with

  17. Atrial myxoma presenting with orthostatic hypotension in an 84-year-old Hispanic man: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Halstead Michael

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Left atrial myxomas remain the most common benign primary cardiac tumors, and these cardiac growths can masquerade as mitral stenosis, infective endocarditis and collagen vascular disease. Atrial myxomas are found in approximately 14-20% of the population and can lead to embolization, intercardiac obstructions, conduction disturbances and lethal valve obstructions. Case presentation An 84-year-old Hispanic man presented with complaints of dizziness upon standing, and with no prior history of heart murmurs, syncope, shortness of breath, or chest pain. Physical examination revealed evidence of orthostatic hypotension and a soft grade 1/6 systolic murmur at the left sternal border. A transthoracic echocardiogram revealed a large atrial myxoma occupying the majority of the left atrium, with the posterior border of the large atrial mass defined by eccentric mitral regurgitation identified during cardiac catheterization. Left atrial myxoma excision was performed, revealing a 7 × 6.5 × 4.5 cm atrial tumor attached to a 4 × 3 × 2 cm stalk of atrial septal tissue. Conclusion This patient didn't present with the common symptoms associated with an atrial myxoma, which may include chest pain, dyspnea, orthopnea, peripheral embolism or syncope. Two-dimensional echocardiography provides substantial advantages in detecting intracardiac tumors. We recommend a two-dimensional echocardiogram in the workup of orthostatic hypotension of unknown etiology after the common causes such as autonomic disorders, dehydration, and vasodilative dysfunctions have been ruled out. By illustrating this correlation between orthostasis and an atrial myxoma, we hope to facilitate earlier identification of these intracardiac growths.

  18. P-Wave Dispersion and Atrial Electromechanical Delay in Patients with Preeclampsia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    İnci, Sinan; Nar, Gökay; Aksan, Gökhan; Sipahioğlu, Haydar; Soylu, Korhan; Dogan, Ali

    2015-01-01

    To investigate the duration of atrial electromechanical delay (EMD) and left atrial mechanical function in patients with preeclampsia. This study included 26 pregnant women with preeclampsia and 24 age-matched pregnant women without preeclampsia (control group). Atrial electromechanical coupling (PA) and intra-atrial and interatrial EMD were measured using tissue Doppler echocardiography. P-wave dispersion (PWD) was measured via 12-lead electrocardiography. All data were analyzed using SPSS v.15.0 for Windows (SPSS, Inc., Chicago, Ill., USA). Differences in continuous variables between groups were examined using a nonparametric Mann-Whitney U test. Correlation analysis was performed using Spearman's coefficient of correlation. Categorical values were compared using a χ2 test. PA lateral and PA septal durations were significantly longer in the preeclampsia group than in the control group [74.6 ± 8.1 vs. 62.3 ± 5.3 ms (p < 0.001) and 59.7 ± 5.3 vs. 56.2 ± 4.9 ms (p = 0.005), respectively]. The duration of interatrial EMD and intra-atrial EMD in the preeclampsia group was significantly longer than in the control group [25.4 ± 4.6 vs. 13.2 ± 3.9 ms (p < 0.001) and 10.5 ± 1.9 vs. 7.1 ± 1.2 ms (p < 0.001), respectively]. PWD was significantly higher in patients with preeclampsia (43.1 ± 9.1 ms) than in the controls (37.6 ± 7.9 ms; p = 0.008). There was a significant correlation between PWD and interatrial EMD and intra-atrial EMD [r = 0.46 (p < 0.001) and r = 0.39 (p < 0.001), respectively]. The duration of atrial EMD and PWD was prolonged in patients with preeclampsia. © 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  19. INTRACARDIAC ATRIAL DEFIBRILLATION

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dosdall, Derek J.; Ideker, Raymond E.

    2007-01-01

    Intravascular ventricular defibrillation and intravascular atrial defibrillation have many similarities, some of which are as follows. An important factor influencing the outcome of the shock is the potential gradient field created throughout the ventricles or the atria by the shock. A minimum potential gradient is required throughout the ventricles and probably the atria to defibrillate. The value of this minimum potential gradient is affected by several factors including the duration, tilt, and number of phases of the waveform. For shock strengths near the defibrillation threshold, earliest activation following failed shocks arises in a region in which the potential gradient is low. The defibrillation threshold energy can be decreased by adding a third and even a fourth defibrillation electrode in regions where the shock potential gradient is low for the shock field created by the first two defibrillation electrodes and giving two sequential shocks, each through a different set of electrodes. However, the addition of more electrodes and sequential shocks complicates both the device and its implantation. Since patients are conscious when the atrial defibrillation shock is given, they experience pain during the shock, which is one of the main drawbacks of intravascular atrial defibrillation. Unfortunately, the pain threshold for defibrillation shocks is so low that a shock of less than 1 Joule is uncomfortable and is not much less painful than shocks several times stronger. Therefore, even though electrode configurations exist that have lower atrial defibrillation threshold energy requirements than the atrial defibrillation threshold with standard defibrillation electrode configurations used in implantable cardioverter/defibrillators (ICDs) for ventricular defibrillation, they are not clinically practical because their shocks are almost as painful as with the standard ICD electrode configurations and they would cause the ICD to be more complicated and to take

  20. Routine Cranial Computed Tomography before Lumbar Puncture in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Current international guidelines recommend that a cranial computed tomography (CT) be performed on all HIV-positive patients presenting with new onset seizures, before a lumbar puncture (LP) is performed. In the South African setting, however this delay could be life threatening. The present study sought to ...

  1. Lumbar puncture in acute admissions to an adult medical ward

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Suspected multiple sclerosis - very rare in. Africa. Methods. From January t6 June 1986, 1,908 patients were admitted to the adult medical wards,. Kamuzu Central Hospital, Lilongwe. Lumbar puncture was considered necessary in 15 I, patients because of a clinical suspicion' of meningitis or subarachnoid haemorrhage. A.

  2. Lumbar Puncture in Brain Abscessor Subdural Empyema: Not an ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objective To assess the role of lumbar puncture (LP) in aiding diagnosis and influencing outcome in patients with intracranial brain abscess or subdural empyema. Methods The records of patients admitted with space occupying intracranial infective mass lesions (brain abscess and subdural empyema) to the neurosurgical ...

  3. Risk factors for unsuccessful lumbar puncture in children

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Bacterial meningitis is a serious disease affecting adults and children, which results in an estimated 180 000 deaths of children aged. 1 month - 5 years per year worldwide.[1] The rapid treatment and diagnosis of meningitis is crucial to reducing morbidity and mortality.[2] Lumbar punctures (LPs) are commonly performed in.

  4. Insertion of an intrathecal catheter following accidental dural puncture : a meta-analysis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Heesen, M.; Kloehr, S.; Rossaint, R.; Walters, M.; Straube, S.; van de Velde, M.

    Background: Inserting an intrathecal catheter after accidental dural puncture in parturients to prevent postdural puncture headache is becoming increasingly popular. We aimed to identify relevant published articles investigating this intervention and subject data to a meta-analysis. Methods: A

  5. Effectiveness of caudal septal extension graft application in endonasal septoplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karadavut, Yunus; Akyıldız, Ilker; Karadaş, Hatice; Dinç, Aykut Erdem; Tulacı, Gökçe; Tastan, Eren

    Septal deviation is a common disease seen in daily otorhinolaryngology practice and septoplasty is a commonly performed surgical procedure. Caudal septum deviation is also a challenging pathology for ear, nose, and throat specialists. Many techniques are defined for caudal septal deviation. To evaluate the effectiveness of caudal septal extension graft (CSEG) application in patients who underwent endonasal septoplasty for a short and deviated nasal septum. Forty patients with nasal septal deviation, short nasal septum, and weak nasal tip support who underwent endonasal septoplasty with or without CSEG placement between August 2012 and June 2013 were enrolled in this study. Twenty patients underwent endonasal septoplasty with CSEG placement. The rest of the group, who rejected auricular or costal cartilage harvest for CSEG placement, underwent only endonasal septoplasty without any additional intervention. Using the Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation (NOSE) and Rhinoplasty Outcome Evaluation (ROE) questionnaires, pre- and post-operative acoustic rhinometer measurements were evaluated to assess the effect of CESG placement on nasal obstruction. In the control group, preoperative and postoperative minimal cross-sectional areas (MCA1) were 0.44±0.10cm2 and 0.60±0.11cm2, respectively (pCirurgia Cérvico-Facial. Published by Elsevier Editora Ltda. All rights reserved.

  6. Natural history of ventricular septal defects in Nigerian children ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Introduction. Ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a common congenital heart disease (CHD). Spontaneous closure of the VSD may occur, depending on the type and size of defects. This study was conducted to determine the natural history of VSD in a group of Nigerian children. Subjects and methods. Sixty-one children ...

  7. Aspects of surgery for congenital ventricular septal defect

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    G. Bol-Raap (Goris)

    2007-01-01

    textabstractIn chapter 1, an outline of the thesis is given. This thesis focuses on aspects of surgical closure of a congenital ventricular septal defect. In Chapter 2, the accuracy and the potential of 3-D echocardiography in the preoperative assessment of a congenital VSD were evaluated. 3-D

  8. Natural history of ventricular septal defects in Nigerian children

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Introduction. Ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a common congenital heart disease (CHD). Spontaneous closure of the VSD may occur, depending on the type and size of defects. This study was conducted to determine the natural history of VSD in a group of Nigerian children. Subjects and methods. Sixty-one children ...

  9. Puncture mechanics of cnidarian cnidocysts: a natural actuator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oppegard, Shawn C; Anderson, Peter A; Eddington, David T

    2009-01-01

    Background Cnidocysts isolated from cnidarian organisms are attractive as a drug-delivery platform due to their fast, efficient delivery of toxins. The cnidocyst could be utilized as the means to deliver therapeutics in a wearable drug-delivery patch. Cnidocysts have been previously shown to discharge upon stimulation via electrical, mechanical, and chemical pathways. Cnidocysts isolated from the Portuguese Man O' War jellyfish (Physalia physalis) are attractive for this purpose because they possess relatively long threads, are capable of puncturing through hard fish scales, and are stable for years. Results As a first step in using cnidocysts as a functional component of a drug delivery system, the puncture mechanics of the thread were characterized. Tentacle-contained cnidocysts were used as a best-case scenario due to physical immobilization of the cnidocysts within the tentacle. Ex vivo tentacle-contained cnidocysts from Physalia possessed an elastic modulus puncture threshold of approximately 1-2 MPa, based on puncture tests of materials with a gamut of hardness. Also, a method for inducing discharge of isolated cnidocysts was found, utilizing water as the stimulant. Preliminary lectin-binding experiments were performed using fluorophore-conjugated lectins as a possible means to immobilize the isolated cnidocyst capsule, and prevent reorientation upon triggering. Lectins bound homogeneously to the surface of the capsule, suggesting the lectins could be used for cnidocyst immobilization but not orientation. Conclusion Cnidocysts were found to puncture materials up to 1 MPa in hardness, can be discharged in a dry state using water as a stimulant, and bind homogeneously to lectins, a potential means of immobilization. The information gained from this preliminary work will aid in determining the materials and design of the patch that could be used for drug delivery. PMID:19785761

  10. Puncture mechanics of cnidarian cnidocysts: a natural actuator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oppegard, Shawn C; Anderson, Peter A; Eddington, David T

    2009-09-28

    Cnidocysts isolated from cnidarian organisms are attractive as a drug-delivery platform due to their fast, efficient delivery of toxins. The cnidocyst could be utilized as the means to deliver therapeutics in a wearable drug-delivery patch. Cnidocysts have been previously shown to discharge upon stimulation via electrical, mechanical, and chemical pathways. Cnidocysts isolated from the Portuguese Man O' War jellyfish (Physalia physalis) are attractive for this purpose because they possess relatively long threads, are capable of puncturing through hard fish scales, and are stable for years. As a first step in using cnidocysts as a functional component of a drug delivery system, the puncture mechanics of the thread were characterized. Tentacle-contained cnidocysts were used as a best-case scenario due to physical immobilization of the cnidocysts within the tentacle. Ex vivo tentacle-contained cnidocysts from Physalia possessed an elastic modulus puncture threshold of approximately 1-2 MPa, based on puncture tests of materials with a gamut of hardness. Also, a method for inducing discharge of isolated cnidocysts was found, utilizing water as the stimulant. Preliminary lectin-binding experiments were performed using fluorophore-conjugated lectins as a possible means to immobilize the isolated cnidocyst capsule, and prevent reorientation upon triggering. Lectins bound homogeneously to the surface of the capsule, suggesting the lectins could be used for cnidocyst immobilization but not orientation. Cnidocysts were found to puncture materials up to 1 MPa in hardness, can be discharged in a dry state using water as a stimulant, and bind homogeneously to lectins, a potential means of immobilization. The information gained from this preliminary work will aid in determining the materials and design of the patch that could be used for drug delivery.

  11. Puncture mechanics of cnidarian cnidocysts: a natural actuator

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eddington David T

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Cnidocysts isolated from cnidarian organisms are attractive as a drug-delivery platform due to their fast, efficient delivery of toxins. The cnidocyst could be utilized as the means to deliver therapeutics in a wearable drug-delivery patch. Cnidocysts have been previously shown to discharge upon stimulation via electrical, mechanical, and chemical pathways. Cnidocysts isolated from the Portuguese Man O' War jellyfish (Physalia physalis are attractive for this purpose because they possess relatively long threads, are capable of puncturing through hard fish scales, and are stable for years. Results As a first step in using cnidocysts as a functional component of a drug delivery system, the puncture mechanics of the thread were characterized. Tentacle-contained cnidocysts were used as a best-case scenario due to physical immobilization of the cnidocysts within the tentacle. Ex vivo tentacle-contained cnidocysts from Physalia possessed an elastic modulus puncture threshold of approximately 1-2 MPa, based on puncture tests of materials with a gamut of hardness. Also, a method for inducing discharge of isolated cnidocysts was found, utilizing water as the stimulant. Preliminary lectin-binding experiments were performed using fluorophore-conjugated lectins as a possible means to immobilize the isolated cnidocyst capsule, and prevent reorientation upon triggering. Lectins bound homogeneously to the surface of the capsule, suggesting the lectins could be used for cnidocyst immobilization but not orientation. Conclusion Cnidocysts were found to puncture materials up to 1 MPa in hardness, can be discharged in a dry state using water as a stimulant, and bind homogeneously to lectins, a potential means of immobilization. The information gained from this preliminary work will aid in determining the materials and design of the patch that could be used for drug delivery.

  12. Unilateral atrial fibrillation - how common is atrial divorce?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ker, J

    2017-06-01

    Atrial fibrillation is the most common pathologic supraventricular tachycardia. It has many causes, is an expensive disease, impairs quality of life and leads to an increased risk of death. Atrial dissociation is characterised by the presence of two independent sets of P-waves. This peculiar abnormality may give rise to the scenario where one atrium is in atrial fibrillation while the other is in sinus rhythm. This is the first published case of atrial dissociation where the phenomenon is demonstrated by transmitral and transtricuspid pulsed wave Doppler.

  13. HYPERTHYROIDISM AND ATRIAL FIBRILLATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. M. Marusenko

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Review on a problem of the development of atrial fibrillation in patients with thyrotoxicosis is presented. Thyrotoxicosis is one of the most frequent endocrine diseases, conceding only to a diabetes mellitus. The most frequent reasons of hyperthyroidism are Graves’ disease and functional thyroid autonomy. The authors give an analysis of data on the cardiac effects of thyrotoxicosis, features of heart remodeling under the influence of thyroid hyperfunction, prevalence of atrial fibrillation in thyrotoxicosis, depending on age, as well as the possibility of restoring sinus rhythm in the combination of these diseases. Particular attention is paid to the effect on the heart of subclinical thyrotoxicosis, which is defined as a dysfunction of the thyroid gland, characterized by low serum concentration of thyrotropin, normal values of free thyroxine and free triiodothyronine. Subclinical hyperthyroidism is also capable of causing heart remodeling and diastolic dysfunction.Prevalence of thyrotoxicosis in elderly people is higher in areas of iodine deficiency; it is relevant for our country due to the large territory of iodine deficiency. In elderly patients, the cardiac effects of thyrotoxicosis prevail in the clinical picture, that makes it difficult to diagnose endocrine disorders, and correction of thyrotoxicosis is critically important for the successful control of the heart rhythm. The article also discusses the problem of thyrotoxic cardiomyopathy, caused by the toxic effect of excess thyroid hormones: features of this heart disorder, factors affecting its formation, clinical significance and contribution to the development of rhythm disturbances. The greatest significance is the development of atrial fibrillation as a result of thyrotox-icosis in older patients who already have various cardiovascular diseases.Atrial fibrillation is the most frequent heart rhythm disorder in thyrotoxicosis. The main cause of arrhythmia in hyperthyroidism is the

  14. Using a Motion Sensor-Equipped Smartphone to Facilitate CT-Guided Puncture

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hirata, Masaaki, E-mail: masaaki314@gmail.com [Matsuyama Shimin Hospital, Department of Radiology (Japan); Watanabe, Ryouhei; Koyano, Yasuhiro [Matsuyama Shimin Hospital, Department of Surgery (Japan); Sugata, Shigenori; Takeda, Yukie [Ehime Prefectural Imabari Hospital, Department of Radiology (Japan); Nakamura, Seiji; Akamune, Akihisa [Matsuyama Shimin Hospital, Department of Radiology (Japan); Tsuda, Takaharu; Mochizuki, Teruhito [Ehime University Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Radiology (Japan)

    2017-04-15

    PurposeTo demonstrate the use of “Smart Puncture,” a smartphone application to assist conventional CT-guided puncture without CT fluoroscopy, and to describe the advantages of this application.Materials and MethodsA puncture guideline is displayed by entering the angle into the application. Regardless of the angle at which the device is being held, the motion sensor ensures that the guideline is displayed at the appropriate angle with respect to gravity. The angle of the smartphone’s liquid crystal display (LCD) is also detected, preventing needle deflection from the CT slice image. Physicians can perform the puncture procedure by advancing the needle using the guideline while the smartphone is placed adjacent to the patient. In an experimental puncture test using a sponge as a target, the target was punctured at 30°, 50°, and 70° when the device was tilted to 0°, 15°, 30°, and 45°, respectively. The punctured target was then imaged with a CT scan, and the puncture error was measured.ResultsThe mean puncture error in the plane parallel to the LCD was less than 2°, irrespective of device tilt. The mean puncture error in the sagittal plane was less than 3° with no device tilt. However, the mean puncture error tended to increase when the tilt was increased.ConclusionThis application can transform a smartphone into a valuable tool that is capable of objectively and accurately assisting CT-guided puncture procedures.

  15. Using a Motion Sensor-Equipped Smartphone to Facilitate CT-Guided Puncture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirata, Masaaki; Watanabe, Ryouhei; Koyano, Yasuhiro; Sugata, Shigenori; Takeda, Yukie; Nakamura, Seiji; Akamune, Akihisa; Tsuda, Takaharu; Mochizuki, Teruhito

    2017-04-01

    To demonstrate the use of "Smart Puncture," a smartphone application to assist conventional CT-guided puncture without CT fluoroscopy, and to describe the advantages of this application. A puncture guideline is displayed by entering the angle into the application. Regardless of the angle at which the device is being held, the motion sensor ensures that the guideline is displayed at the appropriate angle with respect to gravity. The angle of the smartphone's liquid crystal display (LCD) is also detected, preventing needle deflection from the CT slice image. Physicians can perform the puncture procedure by advancing the needle using the guideline while the smartphone is placed adjacent to the patient. In an experimental puncture test using a sponge as a target, the target was punctured at 30°, 50°, and 70° when the device was tilted to 0°, 15°, 30°, and 45°, respectively. The punctured target was then imaged with a CT scan, and the puncture error was measured. The mean puncture error in the plane parallel to the LCD was less than 2°, irrespective of device tilt. The mean puncture error in the sagittal plane was less than 3° with no device tilt. However, the mean puncture error tended to increase when the tilt was increased. This application can transform a smartphone into a valuable tool that is capable of objectively and accurately assisting CT-guided puncture procedures.

  16. CT-guided puncture for direct MR-arthrography of the shoulder: Description of possible techniques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hauth E

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The following report describes the possible techniques of CT-guided puncture for direct magnetic resonance (MR arthrography of the shoulder. CT-guided puncture can be regarded as an alternative technique to fluoroscopic- or ultrasound-guided puncture for MR-arthrography of the shoulder with high efficiency, low dose and extremely low complication rate.

  17. Hemosiderin-laden macrophages in the cerebrospinal fluid of a neonate after traumatic lumbar puncture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wusthoff, Courtney J; Abend, Nicholas S; Tennekoon, Gihan

    2008-01-01

    Macrophages in cerebrospinal fluid are described as indicators of pathology. We present findings from the lumbar puncture of a child without neurologic disease. Cerebrospinal fluid obtained after an initial, traumatic lumbar puncture attempt included a high proportion of macrophages, some containing erythrocyte fragments and hemosiderin. This suggests that although macrophages may indicate pathology, they can also accumulate after traumatic lumbar puncture.

  18. Cryoablation of septal accessory pathways in children: midterm results.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karadeniz, Cem; Akdeniz, Celal; Turan, Ozlem; Tuzcu, Volkan

    2014-09-01

    Radiofrequency (RF) catheter ablation in the septal arrhythmia substrates has an increased risk of irreversible atrioventricular block. Despite its safety profile, several studies reported a lower acute success rate and a higher recurrence rate with cryoablation of septal accessory pathways (APs) when compared to RF ablation. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of cryoablation of right septal APs using an electroanatomical mapping system guidance. A total of 43 consecutive patients (13.2 ± 5.5 years) underwent cryoablation for right septal APs. The EnSite system (St. Jude Medical, St. Paul, MN, USA) was used in all procedures. No fluoroscopy was used in 90% of patients (39/43). The mean fluoroscopy time in the remaining four patients was 3.7 ± 0.7 minutes. An electrophysiology catheter with 2-mm distal spacing was used to determine the precise AP location. The majority of the patients (20/43) had anteroseptal, and remaining of the patients had posteroseptal (15/43) and midseptal (8/43) APs. A 6-mm-tip catheter was used in 33 patients and 8-mm-tip catheter was used in nine patients (both catheters were used in one patient). The mean procedure duration and number of complete cryoablation lesions were 181.5 ± 60.6 minutes and 6.1 ± 3.1 minutes, respectively. Acute success was achieved in 40 of 43 patients (93%). No complications were noted. During a mean follow-up of 8.8 ± 4.8 months, five patients (12.5%) experienced recurrence. Our data suggest that cryoablation of septal APs can be performed safely with comparable efficacy to the reported RF ablation results using a limited fluoroscopy approach. ©2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  19. Ablation of Atrial Fibrillation in Patients with Congenital Heart Disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Refaat, Marwan M; Ballout, Jad; Mansour, Moussa

    2017-12-01

    With improved surgical techniques and medical management for patients with congenital heart diseases, more patients are living longer and well into adulthood. This improved survival comes with a price of increased morbidity, mainly secondary to increased risk of tachyarrhythmias. One of the major arrhythmias commonly encountered in this subset of cardiac patients is AF. Similar to the general population, the risk of AF increases with advancing age, and is mainly secondary to the abnormal anatomy, abnormal pressure and volume parameters in the hearts of these patients and to the increased scarring and inflammation seen in the left atrium following multiple surgical procedures. Catheter ablation for AF has been shown to be a very effective treatment modality in patients with refractory AF. However, data and guidelines regarding catheter ablation in patients with congenital heart disease are not well established. This review will shed light on the procedural techniques, success rates and complications of AF catheter ablation in patients with different types of CHD, including atrial septal defects, tetralogy of Fallot, persistent left superior vena cava, heterotaxy syndrome and atrial isomerism, and Ebstein anomaly.

  20. Simplified progressive approach for the ablation of scar related atrial macroreentrant tachycardias.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nava, Santiago; Iturralde-Torres, Pedro; Márquez, Manlio F; Gómez-Flores, Jorge; Cline, Bernardo; Colin-Lizalde, Luis; Victoria, Diana; Hermosillo, Antonio G

    2013-01-01

    Radiofrequency ablation of scar related right atrial flutter is challenging. Long procedures, prolonged fluoroscopic times and high percentages of recurrences are of concern. We present a simple and progressive approach based on a single electroanatomic map of the right atrium. Twenty-two consecutive patients with atrial flutter and history of cardiac surgery were included. An electrophysiologic study was performed to define localization (left or right) and cavo-tricuspid isthmus participation using entrainment mapping. After a critical isthmus was localized, ablation was performed with an external irrigated tip catheter with a power limit of 30 W. Potential ablation sites were confirmed by entrainment. The predominant cardiopathy was atrial septal defect. All arrhythmias were localized in the right atrium; mean cycle length of the clinical flutter was 274 ± 31 ms. Only 40% had cavo-tricuspid isthmus participation. None of the patients with successful ablation had recurrences after 13 ± 9.4 months of follow-up. A progressive approach with only one activation/voltage CARTO(®) map of the atrium and ablation of all potential circuits is a highly effective method for ablating scar related macroreentrant atrial arrhythmias. Copyright © 2012 Instituto Nacional de Cardiología Ignacio Chávez. Published by Masson Doyma México S.A. All rights reserved.

  1. Occlusion of left atrial appendage in patients with atrial fibrillation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    О. Н. Ганеева

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The article reviews a new method of prophylaxis of thromboembolitic complications, specifically occlusion of left atrial appendage, in patients with atrial fibrillation. Indications and contraindications for the procedure, as well as a step-by-step process of the intervention itself are described. Special emphasis is placed on the up-to-date evidence and the review of clinical trials.

  2. Retrospective study on the application of reverse puncture of venous transfusion in clinical nursing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiao-lan HUANG

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available As a conventional alternative of intravenous infusion, reverse puncture is a nursing method that can perform infusion relative to traditional consequent centripetal puncture technique.According to the literature review, the reverse puncture is not only to improve the distal venous utilization and to raise the success rate of the intravenous, but also reduce repeated puncture pain, to reduce medical expenses, to reduce nurse-patient disputes, this technology can timely solve puncture problems in emergency situation in clinical first line for nursing staff, as well as to regain people’s attention .It has clinical spread value.

  3. Pleural puncture with thoracic epidural: A rare complication?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rachna Wadhwa

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Freedom from pain has almost developed to be a fundamental human right. Providing pain relief via epidural catheters in thoracic and upper abdominal surgeries is widely accepted. Pain relief through this technique not only provides continuous analgesia but also reduces post-operative pulmonary complications and also hastens recovery. But being a blind procedure it is accompanied by certain complications. Hypotension, dura puncture, high epidural, total spinal, epidural haematoma, spinal cord injury and infection are some of the documented side effects of epidural block. There are case reports eliciting neurological complications, catheter site infections, paresthesias, radicular symptoms and worsening of previous neurological conditions. Few technical problems related to breakage of epidural catheter are also mentioned in the literature. The patient had no sequelae on long term follow up even when a portion of catheter was retained. We present a case report where epidural catheter punctured pleura in a patient undergoing thoracotomy for carcinoma oesophagus.

  4. Bilateral subdural hematoma secondary to accidental dural puncture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sofía Ramírez

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available We report the case of a 25-year-old woman, who received epidural analgesia for labor pain and subsequently presented post-dural puncture headache. Conservative treatment was applied and epidural blood patch was performed. In the absence of clinical improvement and due to changes in the postural component of the headache, a brain imaging test was performed showing a bilateral subdural hematoma. The post-dural puncture headache is relatively common, but the lack of response to established medical treatment as well as the change in its characteristics and the presence of neurological deficit, should raise the suspicion of a subdural hematoma, which although is rare, can be lethal if not diagnosed and treated at the right time.

  5. On Rate-Compatible Punctured Turbo Codes Design

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Montorsi Guido

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available We propose and compare some design criteria for the search of good systematic rate-compatible punctured turbo code (RCPTC families. The considerations presented by S. Benedetto et al. (1998 to find the "best" component encoders for turbo code construction are extended to find good rate-compatible puncturing patterns for a given interleaver length . This approach is shown to lead to codes that improve over previous ones, both in the maximum-likelihood sense (using transfer function bounds and in the iterative decoding sense (through simulation results. To find simulation and analytical results, the coded bits are transmitted over an additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN channel using an antipodal binary modulation. The two main applications of this technique are its use in hybrid incremental ARQ/FEC schemes and its use to achieve unequal error protection of an information sequence.

  6. Effect of Left Ventricular Outflow Tract Obstruction on Left Atrial Mechanics in Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lynne K. Williams

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Left atrial (LA volumes are known to be increased in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM and are a predictor of adverse outcome. In addition, LA function is impaired and is presumed to be due to left ventricular (LV diastolic dysfunction as a result of hypertrophy and myocardial fibrosis. In the current study, we assess the incremental effect of outflow tract obstruction (and concomitant mitral regurgitation on LA function as assessed by LA strain. Patients with HCM (50 obstructive, 50 nonobstructive were compared to 50 normal controls. A subset of obstructive patients who had undergone septal myectomy was also studied. Utilising feature-tracking software applied to cardiovascular magnetic resonance images, LA volumes and functional parameters were calculated. LA volumes were significantly elevated and LA ejection fraction and strain were significantly reduced in patients with HCM compared with controls and were significantly more affected in patients with obstruction. LA volumes and function were significantly improved after septal myectomy. LVOT obstruction and mitral regurgitation appear to further impair LA mechanics. Septal myectomy results in a significant reduction in LA volumes, paralleled by an improvement in function.

  7. The vectorcardiogram as an aid to diagnosis in left ventricular-right atrial communication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shakibi, J G; Aryanpur, I; Paydar, M; Yazdanyar, A; Siassi, B

    1977-01-01

    Frank vectorcardiograms (VCGs) in four patients with left ventricular-right atrial (LV-RA) communication were analyzed and compared with published values of VCGs of normal individuals and those from a group of patients with membranous ventricular septal defect. It was observed that the QRS-loops in the frontal and sagittal planes of the patients with LV-RA communication are shifted more superiorly than usual. Thus, almost 50% of the QRS-loop area was superior to the X- and Z-coordinates in the frontal and sagittal planes, whereas in the controls less than 10% of the frontal and sagittal plane QRS-loops were superior to the horizontal axes. The QRS-loops of patients with LV-RA communication thus seem to be halfway between normal and endocardial cushion defect loops. An unusual degree of superior orientation of the QRS-loop in a patient with clinical findings of a ventricular septal defect should arouse suspicion of a LV-RA communication. Also in patients with an isolated ventricular septal defect but with an exaggerated superior orientation of the QRS-loop in the frontal and sagittal planes, the interatrial septum should be examined at the time of operation to exclude the possibility of an associated LV-RA communication.

  8. The Relationships between Atrial Electromechanical Delay and CHA2DS2-VASc Score in Patients Diagnosed with Paroxysmal AF.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nar, Gökay; İnci, Sinan; Aksan, Gökhan; Soylu, Korhan; Demirelli, Selami; Nar, Rukiye

    2015-09-01

    This study aims to evaluate the relationship between atrial electromechanical delay (AEMD) times and CHA2DS2-VASc scores in patients diagnosed with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF). The study included a total of 74 patients, 34 of whom were diagnosed with PAF and 40 were included in the control group. The CHA2DS2-VASc score was calculated for each patient. Additionally, blood samples were taken from all patients and transthoracic echocardiographic measurements were made. Left atrial mechanical functions and AEMD were calculated. Mean CHA2DS2-VASc score measured was 2.24 ± 1.53 in PAF group. There was no significant difference between the groups when the patients were evaluated for baseline characteristics and laboratory parameters (P > 0.05) The echocardiographic evaluation of LA mechanical functions showed that only LA minimum volume (19 ± 6.4 vs. 16.7 ± 4.6, P = 0.02) and LA presystolic volume (28.9 ± 7 vs. 25.1 ± 5.7, P = 0.01) were higher in the PAF group. When AEMD was compared between the groups; lateral PA, septal PA, tricuspid PA, Interatrial EMD, and intraatrial EMD were significantly extended compared to control group (P < 0.001) CHA2DS2-VASc score was correlated with Lateral atrial PA (P < 0.001, r = 0.524), Septal atrial PA (P < 0.001, r = 0.45), Interatrial EMD (P < 0.001, r = 0.54), and intraatrial EMD (P < 0.001, r = 0.51) times. The present study shows that AEMD times increase in patients with PAF compared to the control group. Furthermore, this study revealed a correlation between AEMD times and CHA2DS2-VASc score, as well showed that extended AEMD time may be associated with thromboembolism risk. © 2014, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  9. [An adult case of left ventricular-right atrial communication with a false aneurysm of membranous septum].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ashida, Y; Okada, M; Taniguchi, I; Yamaga, T

    1993-12-01

    A case of left ventricular-right atrial (LV-RA) communication associated with a false aneurysm of membranous septum is presented. The patient was a 51-year-old woman. Using a left ventriculography this case was diagnosed preoperatively as LV-RA communication. We found that the right atrium was directly communicated with the left ventricle through a fibrous membranous aneurysm adhering to the septal leaflet of the tricuspid valve. It was suggested that a false aneurysm, made by jet lesion from the left ventricle, perforated to the right atrium. So the current case was considered an acquired infravaluvular type LV-RA communication formed in the course of the natural closure of the membranous ventricular septal defect.

  10. Atrial fibrillation: inflammation in disguise?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lappegard, K.T.; Hovland, A.; Pop, G.A.M.; Mollnes, T.E.

    2013-01-01

    Atrial fibrillation is highly prevalent, and affected patients are at an increased risk of a number of complications, including heart failure and thrombo-embolism. Over the past years, there has been increasing interest in the role of inflammatory processes in atrial fibrillation, from the first

  11. Atrial fibrillation and female sex.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anselmino, Matteo; Battaglia, Alberto; Gallo, Cristina; Gili, Sebastiano; Matta, Mario; Castagno, Davide; Ferraris, Federico; Giustetto, Carla; Gaita, Fiorenzo

    2015-12-01

    Atrial fibrillation is the most common supraventricular arrhythmia. Its prevalence increases with age and preferentially affects male patients. Over 75 years of age, however, female patients being more prevalent, the absolute number of patients affected is similar between sexes. Despite this, few data are available in the literature concerning sex-related differences in atrial fibrillation patients. The present systematic review therefore considers comorbidities, referring symptoms, quality of life, pharmacological approaches and trans-catheter ablation in female rather than in male atrial fibrillation patients in search of parameters that may have an impact on the treatment outcome. In brief, female atrial fibrillation patients more commonly present comorbidities, leading to a higher prevalence of persistent atrial fibrillation; moreover, they refer to hospital care later and with a longer disease history. Atrial fibrillation symptoms relate to low quality of life in female patients; in fact, atrial fibrillation paroxysm usually presents higher heart rate, leading to preferentially adopt a rate rather than a rhythm-control strategy. Female atrial fibrillation patients present an increased risk of stroke, worsened by the lower oral anticoagulant prescription rate related to the concomitant higher haemorrhagic risk profile. Trans-catheter ablation is under-used in female patients and, on the contrary, they are more commonly affected by anti-arrhythmic drug side effects.

  12. Impact of Corrugated Paperboard Structure on Puncture Resistance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vaidas Bivainis

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Thanks to its excellentprotective properties, lightness, a reasonable price, and ecology, corrugated paperboardis one of the most popular materials used in the production of packaging for variousproducts. During transportation or storage, packaging with goods can be exposedto the mass of other commodities, dropping from heights and transportationshock loads, which can lead to their puncture damage. Depending on the purposeand size of the packaging, the thickness, grammage, constituent paper layers,numbers of layers and type of fluting of corrugated paperboard used in itsproduction differ. A standard triangular prism, corrugated paperboard fixationplates and a universal tension-compression machine were used to investigate theimpact of corrugated paperboard structure and other parameters on the punctureresistance of the material. The investigation determines the maximum punctureload and estimates energy required to penetrate the corrugated paperboard. Itwas found that the greatest puncture resistance is demonstrated by paperboardwith a larger number of corrugating flutings and the board produced from harderpaper with a smaller amount of recycled paper. It was established that thegrammage of three-layered paperboard with two different fluting profiles has thegreatest impact on the level of static puncture energy.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5755/j01.ms.21.1.5713

  13. Puncture Self-Healing Polymers for Aerospace Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gordon, Keith L.; Penner, Ronald K.; Bogert, Phil B.; Yost, W. T.; Siochi, Emilie J.

    2011-01-01

    Space exploration launch costs on the order of $10K per pound provide ample incentive to seek innovative, cost-effective ways to reduce structural mass without sacrificing safety and reliability. Damage-tolerant structural systems can provide a route to avoiding weight penalty while enhancing vehicle safety and reliability. Self-healing polymers capable of spontaneous puncture repair show great promise to mitigate potentially catastrophic damage from events such as micrometeoroid penetration. Effective self-repair requires these materials to heal instantaneously following projectile penetration while retaining structural integrity. Poly(ethylene-co-methacrylic acid) (EMMA), also known as Surlyn is an ionomer-based copolymer that undergoes puncture reversal (self-healing) following high impact puncture at high velocities. However EMMA is not a structural engineering polymer, and will not meet the demands of aerospace applications requiring self-healing engineering materials. Current efforts to identify candidate self-healing polymer materials for structural engineering systems are reported. Rheology, high speed thermography, and high speed video for self-healing semi-crystalline and amorphous polymers will be reported.

  14. Measurement and stochastic modeling of kidney puncture forces.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Gerwen, D J; Dankelman, J; van den Dobbelsteen, J J

    2014-03-01

    The development of needle insertion robots and training simulators requires knowledge of the forces that arise when a needle is inserted into soft-tissue. The present study aims to construct stochastic models of the force required to puncture a kidney using a trocar needle, based on measurements. To this end, a total of sixty insertions were performed into porcine kidneys (ex vivo), at constant speed, using a linear motion stage. Axial force was measured at the needle hub and an ultrasound probe moved with the needle to enable identification of anatomical structures. Two force peaks were observed for each tissue layer punctured, one caused by the tip and one by the edge of the cannula. Based on ultrasound data these double-peaks were classified into four groups, related to kidney capsule and internal structures. Group size varied from 7 to 55 double-peaks. Force peaks in each group were evaluated in terms of peak force and drop in force for both tip and cannula, and stochastic models were constructed that describe the multivariate distribution of these metrics. Peak forces in the capsule and internal structures ranged up to 2 N and 8 N, respectively. The resulting models can be used to simulate kidney puncture events in a variety of applications.

  15. A new multiple noncontinuous puncture (pointage technique for corneal tattooing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jin Hyoung Park

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available AIM:To assess the safety and cosmetic efficacy of a new multiple noncontinuous transepithelial puncture technique for tattooing a decompensated cornea.METHODS:It was anon-comparative clinical case series study.The study examines 33 eyes in 33 patients with total corneal opacity due to corneal decompensation, which developed following intraocular surgery.Corneal tattooing was performed using the multiple noncontinuous transepithelial puncture technique (i.e. pointage. The safety of this new surgical strategy was assessed by occurrence of adverse events for the follow-up period. The cosmetic efficacy was determined by the patient’s cosmetic satisfaction and independent observer’s opinion about patient appearance.RESULTS:Seven women and 26 men were included in the study. The mean age was 46.4±17.5y (range:7-67. In total, 30 of 33 patients (91% reported cosmetic satisfaction within the follow-up period. Only 3 patients (9% required additional tattooing due to cosmetic unsatisfaction. Cosmetic outcomes were analyzed and classified as excellent or good in 13 (39% and 17 (52% patients, respectively. No serious adverse events developed, except delayed epithelial healing in 3 cases.CONCLUSION:The cosmetic outcomes of the multiple noncontinuous transepithelial puncture technique for corneal tattooing were good. The safety of this method is higher than conventional procedures. This new procedure also provides improved cost-effectiveness and safety over current corneal tattooing techniques.

  16. Septo-Hippocampo-Septal Loop and Memory Formation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatemeh Khakpai

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available   Cholinergic and GABAergic fibers in the medial septal/diagonal band of Broca (MS/DB area project to the hippocampus and constitute the septo-hippocampal pathway, which has been proven in learning and memory. In addition, the hippocampus has bidirectional connections with the septum, which use this relation for self-regulation of cholinergic input.   The activity of septal and hippocampal neurons is modulated by several neurotransmitters including glutamatergic neurons from the entorhinal cortex, serotonergic fibers from the raphe nucleus, dopaminergic neurons from the ventral tegmental area (VTA, histaminergic cells from the tuberomammillary nucleus and adrenergic fibers from the locus coeruleus (LC. Thus, changes in the glutamatergic, serotonergic and etc. mediated transmission in the MS/DB may influence cholinergic or GABAergic transmission in the hippocampus.

  17. Septo-Hippocampo-Septal Loop and Memory Formation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatemeh Khakpai

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Cholinergic and GABAergic fibers in the medial septal/diagonal band of Broca (MS/DB area project to the hippocampus and constitute the septo-hippocampal pathway, which has been proven in learning and memory. In addition, the hippocampus has bidirectional connections with the septum, which use this relation for self-regulation of cholinergic input. The activity of septal and hippocampal neurons is modulated by several neurotransmitters including glutamatergic neurons from the entorhinal cortex, serotonergic fibers from the raphe nucleus, dopaminergic neurons from the ventral tegmental area (VTA, histaminergic cells from the tuberomammillary nucleus and adrenergic fibers from the locus coeruleus (LC. Thus, changes in the glutamatergic, serotonergic and etc. mediated transmission in the MS/DB may influence cholinergic or GABAergic transmission in the hippocampus.

  18. [The crooked nose: correction of dorsal and caudal septal deviations].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foda, H M T

    2010-09-01

    The deviated nose represents a complex cosmetic and functional problem. Septal surgery plays a central role in the successful management of the externally deviated nose. This study included 800 patients seeking rhinoplasty to correct external nasal deviations; 71% of these suffered from variable degrees of nasal obstruction. Septal surgery was necessary in 736 (92%) patients, not only to improve breathing, but also to achieve a straight, symmetric external nose. A graduated surgical approach was adopted to allow correction of the dorsal and caudal deviations of the nasal septum without weakening its structural support to the nasal dorsum or nasal tip. The approach depended on full mobilization of deviated cartilage, followed by straightening of the cartilage and its fixation in the corrected position by using bony splinting grafts through an external rhinoplasty approach.

  19. Radiofrequency catheter ablation in patients with symptomatic atrial flutter/tachycardia after orthotopic heart transplantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yi-gang; Grönefeld, Gerian; Israel, Carsten; Lu, Shang-biao; Wang, Qun-shan; Hohnloser, Stefan H

    2006-12-20

    Atrial tachycardia or flutter is common in patients after orthotopic heart transplantation. Radiofrequency catheter ablation to treat this arrhythmia has not been well defined in this setting. This study was conducted to assess the incidence of various symptomatic atrial arrhythmias and the efficacy and safety of radiofrequency catheter ablation in these patients. Electrophysiological study and catheter ablation were performed in patients with symptomatic tachyarrhythmia. One Halo catheter with 20 poles was positioned around the tricuspid annulus of the donor right atrium, or positioned around the surgical anastomosis when it is necessary. Three quadripolar electrode catheters were inserted via the right or left femoral vein and positioned in the recipient atrium, the bundle of His position, the coronary sinus. Programmed atrial stimulation and burst pacing were performed to prove electrical conduction between the recipient and the donor atria and to induce atrial arrhythmias. Out of 55 consecutive heart transplantation patients, 6 males [(58 +/- 12) years] developed symptomatic tachycardias at a mean of (5 +/- 4) years after heart transplantation. Electrical propagation through the suture line between the recipient and the donor atrium was demonstrated during atrial flutter or during recipient atrium and donor atrium pacing in 2 patients. By mapping around the suture line, the earliest fragmented electrogram of donor atrium was assessed. This electrical connection was successfully ablated in the anterior lateral atrium in both patients. There was no electrical propagation through the suture line in the other 4 patients. Two had typical atrial flutter in the donor atrium which was successfully ablated by completing a linear ablation between the tricuspid annulus and the inferior vena cava. Two patients had atrial tachycardia which was ablated in the anterior septal and lateral donor atrium. There were no procedure-related complications. Patients were free of

  20. MR demonstration of septal involvement in arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Malhaire, Caroline; Rahmouni, Alain [Centre Hospitalo-Universitaire Henri Mondor, Service de Radiologie et d' Imagerie Medicale, Creteil Cedex (France); Garot, Jerome [Centre Hospitalo-Universitaire Henri Mondor, Service de Cardiologie, Creteil Cedex (France)

    2005-05-01

    Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia (ARVD) is a heart muscle disease of unknown origin. Although MR imaging is regarded as the best technique for the demonstration of functional and structural abnormalities in ARVD, fat deposits in the interventricular septum have never been documented on MR imaging. We report the case of interventricular septal fatty deposition demonstrated by fat-suppressed MR imaging in a 48-year-old man. (orig.)

  1. An Unusual Mechanism of Closure of Muscular Ventricular Septal Defects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soham Dasgupta

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Ventricular septal defects (VSDs are the most common congenital heart defects. Most of the small or moderate size (<6 mm muscular VSDs close spontaneously within the first two years of life. The usual mechanism of spontaneous closure involves muscular tissue encroachment with superimposed fibrosis or primary fibrous tissue formation around the margins of the defect. We describe an unusual mechanism of spontaneous closure of a muscular VSD.

  2. Polypropylene mesh for nasal septal perforation repair: an experimental study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yücebaş, Kadir; Taşkın, Ümit; Oktay, Mehmet Faruk; Tansuker, Hasan Deniz; Erdil, Mehmet; Altınay, Serdar; Kozanoğlu, Erol; Kuvat, Samet Vasfi

    2017-01-01

    The aim of this study is to determine the effectiveness and biocompatibility of polypropylene mesh for the repair of nasal septal perforations in an animal model on rabbits. A full-thickness nasal septal perforation with a diameter of nearly 10 × 10 mm was created on 12 rabbits, and then the perforation was reconstructed with two different methods. We used mucosal flaps and polypropylene mesh as an interpositional graft in group 1. Only mucosal flaps were used for reconstruction and are identified as group 2. After 4 weeks, we removed the nasal septum of the rabbits and performed histopathological examinations for acute rejection, infection, inflammatory response, fibrosis, and granuloma formation. We found perforation closure rates of 75 and 25 % in groups 1 and 2, respectively. Inflammatory response was seen in all specimens of group 1 (100 %). The inflammatory response was +1 in five of the specimens (62.5 %), +2 in one specimen (12.5 %), and +3 in two specimens (25 %). Mild fibrosis around the mesh was detected in four specimens (50 %), medium-level fibrosis was detected in one (12.5 %), and no fibrosis was detected in three (37.5 %). Severe fibrosis was not seen in any specimens. The foreign-body reaction was limited to a few giant cells, and granuloma formation was seen in two specimens (25 %). The propylene mesh showed excellent biocompatibility with the septal mucosa, and it can, therefore, be used for the repair of septal perforation as an interpositional graft safely.

  3. Angiographic differentiation of type of ventricular septal defects

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cheon, Mal Soon; Park, Hee Young; Kim, Yang Sook [Marynoll Hospital, Busan (Korea, Republic of)

    1989-06-15

    Defects of the ventricular septum are the commonest type of congenital cardiac malformations. A classification with axial angiography of the subtypes of ventricular septal defects is proposed on the study of 126 patients with defects of the ventricular septum. The results were as follows: 1. The incidence of the ventricular septal defects was 39.6% of congenital heart malformation. 2. The sex distribution of cases were 70 males and 56 females, the age ranged from 13 months to 26 years. 3. Angiographic features seen by axial angiography were as follows: a. Perimembranous defects as seen on long axial view of left ventriculogram were in continuity wity aortic valve. The relation of the defect to the tricuspid valve allows distinction of the extension of the preimembranous defect toward inlet, trabecular, or infundibular zones. This relation was determined angiographically, using the course of the contrast medium from the left ventricle through the ventricular septal defect, opacifying the right ventricle. In inlet excavation, the shunted blood opacified the recess between septal leaflet of tricuspid valve and interventricular septum in early phase, in infundibular excavation, opacified the recess between anterior leaflet of tricuspid valve and anterior free wall of right ventricle and in trabecular excavation, the shunted blood traversed anterior portion of tricuspid valve ring, opacified trabecular portion of right ventricle. b. Muscular defects were separated from the semilunar and atrioventricular valves. c, Subarterial defects were related to both semilunar valves, and they were best demonstrated on the elongated right anterior oblique view of the left ventriculogram. d. Total infundibular defects were profiled in right anterior oblique 30 and long axial view, subaortic in location in both views.

  4. Percutaneous transluminal alcohol septal myocardial ablation after aortic valve replacement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sitges, M.; Kapadia, S.; Rubin, D. N.; Thomas, J. D.; Tuzcu, M. E.; Lever, H. M.

    2001-01-01

    When left ventricular outflow tract obstruction develops after aortic valve replacement, few treatment choices have been available until now. We present a patient with prior aortic valve replacement who developed left ventricle outflow tract obstruction that was successfully treated with a percutaneous transcoronary myocardial septal alcohol ablation. This technique is a useful tool for the treatment of obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, especially in those patients with prior heart surgery. Copyright 2001 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

  5. Dementia and Atrial Fibrillation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pastori, Daniele; Miyazawa, Kazuo; Lip, Gregory Y H

    2018-01-01

    The risk of developing dementia is increased in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), with the incidence of both conditions increasing with aging. Patients with dementia frequently do not receiving adequate thrombo-prophylaxis, because of the inability to monitor INR and/or to achieve...... in therapeutic range during VKAs therapy, the assessment of cognitive impairment may help identify those patients who may benefit from switching to NOACs. In conclusion, patients with AF and dementia benefit from anticoagulation and should not be denied receiving adequate stroke prevention. Cognitive function...

  6. [Recurrent left atrial myxoma].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreno Martínez, Francisco L; Lagomasino Hidalgo, Alvaro; Mirabal Rodríguez, Roger; López Bermúdez, Félix H; López Bernal, Omaida J

    2003-01-01

    Primary cardiac tumors are rare. Mixomas are the most common among them; 75% are located in the left atrium, 20% in the right atrium, and the rest in the ventricles. The seldom appear in atrio-ventricular valves. Recidivant mixoma are also rare, appearing in 1-5% of all patients that have undergone surgical treatment of a mixoma. In this paper we present our experience with a female patient, who 8 years after having been operated of a left atrial mixoma, began with symptoms of mild heart failure. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed recurrence of the tumor, and was therefore subjected to a second open-heart surgery from which she recovered without complications.

  7. Catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation without the use of fluoroscopy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reddy, Vivek Y; Morales, Gustavo; Ahmed, Humera; Neuzil, Petr; Dukkipati, Srinivas; Kim, Steve; Clemens, Janet; D'Avila, Andre

    2010-11-01

    In performing catheter ablation of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF), the advent of electroanatomical mapping (EAM) has significantly reduced fluoroscopy time. Recent advances in the ability of EAM systems to simultaneously visualize multiple catheters have allowed some operators to perform certain procedures, such as catheter ablation of supraventricular tachycardias, with zero fluoroscopy use. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and safety of pulmonary vein (PV) isolation with zero fluoroscopy use, using a combination of three-dimensional EAM and intracardiac echocardiography (ICE). Using the NavX EAM system, the right atrial (RA) and coronary sinus (CS) geometries were created without fluoroscopy. Fluoroless transseptal puncture was performed under ICE guidance. Using a deflectable sheath and a multipolar catheter, the left atrial (LA) and PV anatomies were rendered and, in select cases, integrated with a three-dimensional computed tomography (CT) image. Irrigated radiofrequency ablation was performed to encircle each pair of ipsilateral PVs. This series included 20 consecutive PAF patients. RA/CS mapping required 5.5 ± 2.6 minutes. In all patients, single (n = 18) or dual (n = 2) transseptal access was successfully achieved. The LA-PV anatomy was rendered using either a circular (14 patients) or penta-array (six patients) catheter in 22 ± 10 minutes; CT image integration was used in 11 patients. Using 49 ± 18 ablation lesions/patient, electrical isolation was achieved in 38/39 ipsilateral PV isolating lesion sets (97%). The procedure time was 244 ± 75 minutes. There were no complications. Completely fluoroless catheter ablation of paroxysmal AF is safely feasible using a combination of ICE and EAM. Copyright © 2010 Heart Rhythm Society. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Septal co-infusions of glucose with a GABAB agonist impair memory

    OpenAIRE

    Erickson, Erika J.; Watts, Kelly D.; Parent, Marise B.

    2005-01-01

    Septal infusions of glucose exacerbate memory deficits produced by co-infusions of drugs that increase γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA)A receptor activity. To further understand the interaction between glucose and GABA, this experiment tested whether glucose would also potentiate spatial working memory deficits produced by septal infusions of the GABAB receptor agonist baclofen. Fifteen minutes prior to assessing spontaneous alternation (SA), male Sprague–Dawley derived rats were given septal infus...

  9. Nonsustained Repetitive Upper Septal Idiopathic Fascicular Left Ventricular Tachycardia: Rare Type of VT

    OpenAIRE

    Gokhan Aksan

    2016-01-01

    Upper septal fascicular ventricular tachycardia is a very rare form of idiopathic fascicular ventricular tachycardia. Upper septal fascicular tachycardia uses the posterior fascicle as the anterograde limb and the septal fascicle as the retrograde limb. When evaluating the electrocardiography for this form of tachycardia, the presence of narrow QRS morphology and normal axis may be misinterpreted as supraventricular tachycardia. Here, we report a very rare subtype of fascicular tachycardia th...

  10. Cardiac Resynchronization for Corrected Transposition of the Great Arteries with Systemic Right Ventricle Failure after Tricuspid Valve Replacement and Ventricle Septal Defect Closure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kosuke Fujii, MD

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available A 32-year-old man developed systemic right ventricular (RV heart failure after ventricular septal defect (VSD closure and tricuspid valve replacement for corrected transposition of the great arteries with VSD and Ebstein anomaly. He subsequently experienced RV failure with wide QRS and atrial fibrillation (AF. Because corrective surgery for this condition seemed over risky, we decided to perform cardiac resynchronization therapy with implantation of an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (CRT-D. After CRT-D device implantation, the patient showed improved performance status in terms of New York Heart Association functional class, B-type brain natriuretic peptide levels, RV ejection fraction and cardiac electrical rhythm. CRT-D implantation is a useful approach for systemic RV failure with wide QRS duration showing right bundle branch block and AF.

  11. Right-to-left shunting through the unidirectional valved patch after closure of ventricular septal defect

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Sachin Talwar; Poonam Kapoor; Jitin Narula; Vikas Keshri; Shiv Choudhary; Balram AIran

    2017-01-01

    Postoperative transesophageal echocardiography images of a patient undergoing unidirectional valved patch closure of ventricular septal defect in the setting of severe pulmonary hypertension are presented...

  12. Long-term outcome of transvenous bipolar atrial leads implanted in children and young adults with congenital heart disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silvetti, Massimo Stefano; Drago, Fabrizio; Ravà, Lucilla

    2012-07-01

    Atrial leads are often implanted in paediatric patients needing a pacemaker (PM). The aim of this study is the evaluation of their outcome in young patients. We evaluated transvenous atrial leads outcome in children and young adults from a single centre, with a retrospective analysis. A Pleads for sinus node dysfunction (50%), atrioventricular block (38%), cardiomyopathies, and primary ventricular arrhythmias (12%). Leads are steroid-eluting (98%), tined (59%), screw-in (41%), polyurethane-insulated (72%), silicone-insulated (28%), and have been positioned by transcutaneous puncture of subclavian vein into right atrial appendage/remnant (RAA, 50%), right atrial free wall/septum (25%), left atrium (s/p Mustard, 25%). Follow-up duration is 6.4 ± 4.8 (range 0.1-18) years. At multivariate analysis, younger age at implant was a risk factor for lead failure (4 leads, 3.5%) (P= 0.03); 16 leads (14%) dislodged post-implantation and 12 were successfully repositioned, the others extracted or abandoned. Dislocation occurred more frequently with screw-in leads (P= 0.03) positioned outside RAA (P= 0.02). Atrial threshold showed a small but significant increase, 0.002 V/month (Pleads have good long-term results in young patients, with a very low rate of lead failure. Older age at implant can further reduce this rate. Lead dislodgement is frequent in the post-operative period.

  13. The effects of needle deformation during lumbar puncture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hasan Hüseyin Özdemir

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The aim of this study is to assess deformation of the tip and deflection from the axis of 22-gauge Quincke needles when they are used for diagnostic lumbar puncture (LP. Thus, it can be determined whether constructional alterations of needles are important for predicting clinical problems after diagnostic LP. Materials and Methods: The 22-gauge Quincke needles used for diagnostic LP were evaluated. A specially designed protractor was used for measurement and evaluation. Waist circumference was measured in each patient. Patients were questioned about headaches occurring after LP. Results: A total of 115 Quincke-type spinal needles used in 113 patients were evaluated. No deflection was detected in 38 (33.1% of the needles. Deflection between 0.1° and 5° occurred in 43 (37.3% of the needles and deflection ≥ 5.1° occurred in 34 patients (29.6%. Forty-seven (41.5% patients experienced post lumbar puncture headache (PLPH and 13 (11.5% patients experienced intracranial hypotension (IH. No statistically significant correlation between the degree of deflection and headache was found (P > 0.05. Epidural blood patch was performed for three patients. Deformity in the form of bending like a hook occurred in seven needles and IH occurred in six patients using these needles. Two of the needles used in three patients requiring blood patch were found to be bent. Conclusion: Deformation of needles may increase complications after LP. Needle deformation may lead to IH. In case of deterioration in the structure of the needle, termination of the puncture procedure and the use of a new needle could reduce undesirable clinical consequences, especially IH.

  14. The effects of needle deformation during lumbar puncture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Özdemir, Hasan Hüseyin; Demir, Caner F.; Varol, Sefer; Arslan, Demet; Yıldız, Mustafa; Akil, Eşref

    2015-01-01

    Objective: The aim of this study is to assess deformation of the tip and deflection from the axis of 22-gauge Quincke needles when they are used for diagnostic lumbar puncture (LP). Thus, it can be determined whether constructional alterations of needles are important for predicting clinical problems after diagnostic LP. Materials and Methods: The 22-gauge Quincke needles used for diagnostic LP were evaluated. A specially designed protractor was used for measurement and evaluation. Waist circumference was measured in each patient. Patients were questioned about headaches occurring after LP. Results: A total of 115 Quincke-type spinal needles used in 113 patients were evaluated. No deflection was detected in 38 (33.1%) of the needles. Deflection between 0.1° and 5° occurred in 43 (37.3%) of the needles and deflection ≥ 5.1° occurred in 34 patients (29.6%). Forty-seven (41.5%) patients experienced post lumbar puncture headache (PLPH) and 13 (11.5%) patients experienced intracranial hypotension (IH). No statistically significant correlation between the degree of deflection and headache was found (P > 0.05). Epidural blood patch was performed for three patients. Deformity in the form of bending like a hook occurred in seven needles and IH occurred in six patients using these needles. Two of the needles used in three patients requiring blood patch were found to be bent. Conclusion: Deformation of needles may increase complications after LP. Needle deformation may lead to IH. In case of deterioration in the structure of the needle, termination of the puncture procedure and the use of a new needle could reduce undesirable clinical consequences, especially IH. PMID:25883480

  15. Determination of physical characteristics of root vegetables with puncture test

    OpenAIRE

    Bajkin, Anđelko; Ponjičan, Ondrej; Radomirović, Dragi; Babić, Mirko; Radojčin, Milivoj

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this research was to analyze the physical characteristics of root vegetables: carrot, parsley, parsnip and celery. These root vegetables are sold fresh on the market which is why it is important to specify its shape, structure and root texture. Carrot, parsley and parsnip were grown in ridge cultivation and celery was grown on the flat ground. The yields of root and leaf, as well as the dry matter were measured. Root physical characteristics were tested by the puncture test. The pu...

  16. Olfactory Bulb Volume Changes in Patients With Nasal Septal Deviation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Özkiriş, Mahmut; Gencer, Zeliha Kapusuz; Aydin, Reha; Açikgöz, Mustafa; Saydam, Levent

    2017-05-01

    The olfactory bulb (OB) plays a pivotal role in the processing of olfactory information. The aim of this study was to investigate the OB volume changes and its possible associations with nasal septal deviation. Cross-sectional study. Otolaryngology Department of Bozok University School of Medicine and Neurology Department of Yozgat State Hospital. Ninety patient's cranial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies (46 males and 44 females, mean age 36 ± 13.4 years; range 18-56 years) with isolated nasal septal deviations were recruited for the study. Olfactory bulb volumes in all study subjects were evaluated in T2-weighted coronal MRI images by planimetric manual contouring. Nasal septal deviation angles were found to range between 5° and 23.21° (mean 13.6° ± 3.58°). The right-sided deviations included 17 mild (Olfactory bulb volumes were calculated in both right- and left-sided deviation groups. In the patients with left-sided septal deviations of Groups I, II, and III, the left OB volumes of Groups I, II, and III were 46.49 ± 3.87, 47.46 ± 3.36, and 60.68 ± 5.65 mm and the right OB volumes were 53.37 ± 3.76, 56.47 ± 4.43, and 76.69 ± 6.84 mm, respectively. The statistical evaluation of the right OB volumes did not produce significant difference between Groups I and II (P = 0.73). The authors demonstrated statistically significant differences in comparison of Groups I to III and Groups II to III (P = 0.002 and P = 0.016, respectively). In the right septal deviation group for Groups I, II, and III, mean volumes of right OB volumes were 45.59 ± 4.46, 48.63 ± 3.78, and 61.35 ± 5.84 mm, respectively, and the left OB volumes were 54.67 ± 4.73, 57.65 ± 4.53, and 75.84 ± 7.67 mm, respectively. There was no statistically significant difference between Groups I and II (P = 0.95) left OB volumes in the right-sided deviation group, but statistically significant difference was

  17. Punctured Scheduling for Critical Low Latency Data on a Shared Channel with Mobile Broadband

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Klaus I.; Gerardino, Guillermo Andrés Pocovi; Steiner, Jens

    2017-01-01

    In this paper, we present a punctured scheduling scheme for efficient transmission of low latency communication (LLC) traffic, multiplexed on a downlink shared channel with enhanced mobile broadband traffic (eMBB). Puncturing allows to schedule eMBB traffic on all shared channel resources, without......MBB transmissions, and a service-specific scheduling policy and link adaptation. Among others, we find that it is advantageous to include an element of eMBB-awareness for the scheduling decisions of the LLC transmissions (i.e. those that puncture ongoing eMBB transmissions), to primarily puncture eMBB transmission...

  18. Screening for Atrial Fibrillation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Freedman, Ben; Camm, A. John; Calkins, Hugh

    2017-01-01

    in September 2015 to promote discussion and research about AF screening as a strategy to reduce stroke and death and to provide advocacy for implementation of country-specific AF screening programs. During 2016, 60 expert members of AF-SCREEN, including physicians, nurses, allied health professionals, health......Approximately 10% of ischemic strokes are associated with atrial fibrillation (AF) first diagnosed at the time of stroke. Detecting asymptomatic AF would provide an opportunity to prevent these strokes by instituting appropriate anticoagulation. The AF-SCREEN international collaboration was formed...... or by intermittent ECG recordings over 2 weeks is not a benign condition and, with additional stroke factors, carries sufficient risk of stroke to justify consideration of anticoagulation. With regard to the methods of mass screening, handheld ECG devices have the advantage of providing a verifiable ECG trace...

  19. Idiopathic giant right atrial aneurysm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uppu, Santosh C; Sachdeva, Ritu; Imamura, Michiaki

    2013-01-01

    A 2-year-old boy with an incidental finding of massive cardiomegaly on a chest X-ray was diagnosed with a giant right atrial aneurysm upon further investigation with echocardiography. The patient underwent successful surgical reduction of the right atrium and closure of the patent foramen ovale to prevent thromboembolic complications and to lower the risk of atrial arrhythmias. The resected atrium had paper-thin walls and pathological features of interstitial fibrosis with endocardial thickening. PMID:23626440

  20. Effectiveness of caudal septal extension graft application in endonasal septoplasty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yunus Karadavut

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Septal deviation is a common disease seen in daily otorhinolaryngology practice and septoplasty is a commonly performed surgical procedure. Caudal septum deviation is also a challenging pathology for ear, nose, and throat specialists. Many techniques are defined for caudal septal deviation. Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of caudal septal extension graft (CSEG application in patients who underwent endonasal septoplasty for a short and deviated nasal septum. Methods Forty patients with nasal septal deviation, short nasal septum, and weak nasal tip support who underwent endonasal septoplasty with or without CSEG placement between August 2012 and June 2013 were enrolled in this study. Twenty patients underwent endonasal septoplasty with CSEG placement. The rest of the group, who rejected auricular or costal cartilage harvest for CSEG placement, underwent only endonasal septoplasty without any additional intervention. Using the Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation (NOSE and Rhinoplasty Outcome Evaluation (ROE questionnaires, pre- and post-operative acoustic rhinometer measurements were evaluated to assess the effect of CESG placement on nasal obstruction. Results In the control group, preoperative and postoperative minimal cross-sectional areas (MCA1 were 0.44 ± 0.10 cm2 and 0.60 ± 0.11 cm2, respectively (p < 0.001. In the study group, pre- and postoperative MCA1 values were 0.45 ± 0.16 cm2 and 0.67 ± 0.16 cm2, respectively (p < 0.01. In the control group, the nasal cavity volume (VOL1 value was 1.71 ± 0.21 mL preoperatively and 1.94 ± 0.17 mL postoperatively (p < 0.001. In the study group, pre- and postoperative VOL1s were 1.72 ± 0.15 mL and 1.97 ± 0.12 mL, respectively (p < 0.001. Statistical analysis of postoperative MCA1 and VOL1 values in the study and the control groups could not detect any significant intergroup difference (p = 0.093 and 0.432, respectively. In the study group, mean nasolabial angles were

  1. From the Heart: Interatrial Septal Aneurysm Identified on Bedside Ultrasound

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Butterfield

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available A 61 year-old man presented to the Emergency Department for one day of nonspecific chest pain. Bedside echocardiogram performed by the emergency physician revealed normal systolic cardiac function but also showed a large ( > 10mm bicornuate interatrial septal aneurysm (IASA projecting into the right atrium (Figure 1, Video 1. There was no evidence of intraatrial thrombus. A formal echocardiogram performed later that day confirmed the diagnosis and also detected a patent foramen ovale (PFO with a left-to-right shunt that reversed with Valsalva maneuver. [West J Emerg Med. 2014;15(6:719–720

  2. Acquired ventricular septal defect due to infective endocarditis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Randi E Durden

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Acquired intracardiac left-to-right shunts are rare occurrences. Chest trauma and myocardial infection are well-known causes of acquired ventricular septal defect (VSD. There have been several case reports describing left ventricle to right atrium shunt after infective endocarditis (IE. We present here a patient found to have an acquired VSD secondary to IE of the aortic and tricuspid valves in the setting of a known bicuspid aortic valve. This is the first case reported of acquired VSD in a pediatric patient in the setting of IE along with literature review of acquired left-to-right shunts.

  3. Saddle nose deformity and septal perforation in granulomatosis with polyangiitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coordes, A; Loose, S M; Hofmann, V M; Hamilton, G S; Riedel, F; Menger, D J; Albers, A E

    2018-02-01

    Patients who have granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA, syn. M. Wegener) often develop an external nose deformity which may have devastating psychological effects. Therefore, reconstruction of nasal deformities by rhinoplasty may become necessary to achieve a normal appearance. The aim of this systematic review was to investigate the efficacy and safety of surgical reconstruction in external nasal deformities and septal perforation in GPA patients. A systematic literature search with defined search terms was performed for scientific articles archived in the MEDLINE-Database up to 10 June 2016 (PubMed Advanced MEDLINE Search), describing management of cases or case series in GPA patients with saddle nose deformity and/or septal perforation. Eleven of 614 publications met the criteria for this analysis including 41 GPA patients undergoing external nasal reconstruction and/or septal reconstruction with a median follow-up of 2.6 years. Overall, saddle nose reconstruction in GPA patients is safe even if an increased rate of revision surgery has to be expected compared with individuals without GPA undergoing septorhinoplasty. Most implanted grafts were autografts of calvarial bone or costal cartilage. For septal perforation reconstruction, few studies were available. Therefore, based on the available data for surgical outcomes, it is impossible to make evidence-based recommendations. All included GPA patients had minimal or no local disease at the time of reconstructive surgery. Therefore, the relationship between disease activity and its impact on surgical outcomes remains unanswered. The potential impact of immune-modulating medications on increased complication rates and the impact of prophylactic antibiotics are unknown. This study systematically reviews the efficacy and safety of surgical reconstruction of external nasal deformities in GPA patients for the first time. Saddle nose reconstruction in GPA patients with minimal or no local disease is a safe procedure

  4. Transcatheter device closure of a traumatic ventricular septal defect

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed Kasem

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A traumatic ventricular septal defect (VSD resulting from blunt chest injury is a very rare event in children. The clinical symptoms and timing of presentation are variable, so diagnosis and management of traumatic VSD may be challenging. Decision to close the traumatic VSD is usually based on a combination of severity of heart failure symptoms, hemodynamics, and defect size. We present a case of a 7-year-old boy who was run over by a truck and presented with head and liver injury initially. He was subsequently found to have a traumatic VSD. The VSD was closed percutaneously.

  5. Gelatin model for training ultrasound-guided puncture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre Campos Moraes Amato

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: It is indispensable that members of the medical profession receive the technical training needed to enable them to rapidly obtain effective vascular access. Training procedures should be used judiciously to familiarize students with the technique. However, existing models are expensive or ineffective, and models need to be developed that are similar to what will be encountered in real patients.OBJECTIVES: To demonstrate creation and application of a gelatin model for training ultrasound-guided puncture.METHOS: The model was made using a mixture of colorless gelatin and water in a transparent plastic receptacle with two pairs of orifices of different diameters, through which two plastic tubes were inserted, to simulate blood vessels.RESULTS: The model was a close approximation to the real medical procedure in several aspects, since gelatin has a similar consistency to human tissues, providing a more faithful reproduction of the tactile sensation at the moment when the needle reaches the interior of a vessel and its contents are aspirated.CONCLUSIONS: The method proposed here can be used to easily construct a low-cost model using everyday materials that is suitable for large-scale training of ultrasound-guided puncture.

  6. Revision of Paine's technique for intraoperative ventricular puncture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Jaechan; Hamm, In-Suk

    2008-11-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the ideal point for a ventricular puncture in pterional craniotomies. Using a circle that had its center around the junction of the columns of the fornix and conforming to the surface of the frontal lobe on an axial computed tomography scan 2.5 cm superior to the lateral orbital roof, we simulated the introduction of a catheter perpendicular to the cortex by drawing the radii of the circle in 70 patients with an acute subarachnoid hemorrhage. The cortical point at which perpendicular puncture provides the best trajectory for ventricular access, traversing the least brain tissue and avoiding important brain structures, such as the head of the caudate nucleus, anterior limb of the internal capsule, and Broca's cortex in the dominant hemisphere, was measured. The new landmark was located at the point 44 +/- 4 mm anterior to the sylvian fissure on the level of 2.5 cm superior to the lateral orbital roof and was consistent regardless of the ventricular dimensions and sex. Clinical trial of the ventriculostomy in 32 patients with a ruptured aneurysm approved the new landmark. An intraoperative ventriculostomy can be performed safely and reliably using the new landmark 2.5 cm superior to the lateral orbital roof and 4.5 cm anterior to the sylvian fissure in aneurysm surgery using a pterional craniotomy.

  7. Survival and sudden cardiac death after septal ablation for hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Morten Kvistholm; Havndrup, Ole; Hassager, Christian

    2011-01-01

    Reports of long-term survival and the risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD) after percutaneous transluminal septal myocardial ablation (PTSMA) in patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) are sparse.......Reports of long-term survival and the risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD) after percutaneous transluminal septal myocardial ablation (PTSMA) in patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) are sparse....

  8. Active Atrial Function and Atrial Scar Burden After Multiple Catheter Ablations of Persistent Atrial Fibrillation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nührich, Jana M; Geisler, Anne C; Steven, Daniel; Hoffmann, Boris A; Schäffer, Benjamin; Lund, Gunnar; Stehning, Christian; Radunski, Ulf K; Sultan, Arian; Schwarzl, Michael; Adam, Gerhard; Willems, Stephan; Muellerleile, Kai

    2017-02-01

    Extensive and repeated substrate modification (SM) is frequently performed as an ablation strategy in persistent atrial fibrillation (persAF). The effect of these extended ablation strategies on atrial function has not been investigated sufficiently so far. The purpose was to assess atrial function by cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) and its association with left atrial (LA) scar burden by electroanatomical voltage-mapping after multiple persAF ablation procedures. We included 16 persAF patients who had ≥2 SM procedures and a control group (CG) of 21 persAF patients without prior ablation. CMR was performed in sinus rhythm at least 4 weeks after the last cardioversion. Active left and right (RA) atrial emptying fractions (AEF) as well as peak active left atrial appendage (LAA) emptying velocities were obtained by CMR flow measurements. Furthermore, LA scar burden was quantified on electroanatomical voltage maps by the portion of points with local voltage amplitude scar burden to be higher (40 [20-68] vs nine [3-18] %, P scar burden after multiple extensive persAF ablations. ©2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  9. Atrial natriuretic peptides during experimental atrial tachycardia : Role of developing tachycardiomyopathy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schoonderwoerd, BA; Crijns, HJGM; Van Veldhuisen, DJ; Boomsma, F; Van den Berg, MP; Bel, KJ; Van Gelder, IC

    Atrial Natriuretic Peptides During Tachycardiomyopathy. Introduction: Atrial tachycardia and chronic heart failure (CHF) are associated with elevated levels of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and its amino terminal part NT-ANP. Chronic high atrial rates may cause CHF due to a rapid ventricular

  10. Right atrial pacing impairs cardiac function during resynchronization therapy: acute effects of DDD pacing compared to VDD pacing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bernheim, Alain; Ammann, Peter; Sticherling, Christian; Burger, Peter; Schaer, Beat; Brunner-La Rocca, Hans Peter; Eckstein, Jens; Kiencke, Stephanie; Kaiser, Christoph; Linka, Andre; Buser, Peter; Pfisterer, Matthias; Osswald, Stefan

    2005-05-03

    We aimed to compare the hemodynamic effects of right-atrial-paced (DDD) and right-atrial-sensed (VDD) biventricular paced rhythm on cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). Cardiac resynchronization therapy improves hemodynamics in patients with severe heart failure and left ventricular (LV) dyssynchrony. However, the impact of active right atrial pacing on resynchronization therapy is unknown. Seventeen CRT patients were studied 10 months (range: 1 to 46 months) after implantation. At baseline, the programmed atrioventricular delay was optimized by timing LV contraction properly at the end of atrial contraction. In both modes the acute hemodynamic effects were assessed by multiple Doppler echocardiographic parameters. Compared to DDD pacing, VDD pacing resulted in much better improvement of intraventricular dyssynchrony assessed by the septal-to-posterior wall motion delay (VDD 106 +/- 83 ms vs. DDD 145 +/- 95 ms; p = 0.001), whereas the interventricular mechanical delay (difference between onset of pulmonary and aortic outflow) did not differ (VDD 20 +/- 21 ms vs. DDD 18 +/- 17 ms; p = NS). Furthermore, VDD pacing significantly prolonged the rate-corrected LV filling period (VDD 458 +/- 123 ms vs. DDD 371 +/- 94 ms; p = 0.0001) and improved the myocardial performance index (VDD 0.60 +/- 0.18 vs. DDD 0.71 +/- 0.23; p DDD mode in CRT patients.

  11. P1033Echocardiographic predictive model of new-onset postoperative atrial fibrillation after abdominal surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demirevska, L; Gotchev, D

    2016-12-01

    and purpose: Postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) is a frequent complication post high-risk abdominal surgery in elderly patients. This study aimed to develop a predictive model of POAF based on preoperative transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) findings in these patients. We conducted a prospective study of 300 consecutive patients, age ≥ 65 years (mean age 72±6 years, 61% men), who underwent high-risk abdominal surgery under general anesthesia. Preoperative TTE was performed in all patients, including tissue Doppler imaging (TDI). We measured the time interval between the onset of the P-wave on ECG and a point of the peak-A wave on TDI from the lateral mitral annulus (PA lateral) and septal mitral annulus (PA septal). Left atrial (LA) dyssynchrony was measured by subtracting the PA septal from PA lateral. Right ventricular systolic pressure was estimated by using the tricuspid regurgitation jet (TRJ) Doppler velocity method. The primary endpoint was the occurance of new-onset POAF. Thirty-seven (12%) patients developed POAF. Multiple echocardiographic parameters were measured and tested in different combinations. The final model included the following variables with cutoff points predictive of POAF: PA lateral > 139 ms (69% sensitivity, 92% specificity), LA dyssynchrony > 35 ms (78% sensitivity, 89% specificity), and TRJ Doppler velocity >2.6 m/s (89% sensitivity, 64% specificity). A value of 0 was assigned when the result was below the cutoff point and a value of 1 if above the cutoff point. Coding of these three variables in the following order: PA lateral- TRJ Doppler- left atrial dyssynchrony can predict the probability of POAF. The model showed a postive predictive value of 79% and a negative predictive value of 95%. A model using three echocardiographic variables: PA lateral, LA dyssynchrony and TRJ Doppler velocity, can predict the incidence of POAF after high-risk abdominal surgery. The model can be used preoperatively to identify high-risk patients

  12. Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP)-granules: ultrastructure ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AJB SERVER

    2006-12-29

    ANP) are present in the four regions of the atrial-auricular complex (two atria and two auricles). ANP-immunoreactivity was detected in all granules from the four regions. Ultrastructurally, atrial myocytes show the presence of very ...

  13. Atrial fibrillation in KCNE1-null mice

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Temple, Joel; Frias, Patricio; Rottman, Jeffrey; Yang, Tao; Wu, Yuejin; Verheijck, E. Etienne; Zhang, Wei; Siprachanh, Chanthaphaychith; Kanki, Hideaki; Atkinson, James B.; King, Paul; Anderson, Mark E.; Kupershmidt, Sabina; Roden, Dan M.

    2005-01-01

    Although atrial fibrillation is the most common serious cardiac arrhythmia, the fundamental molecular pathways remain undefined. Mutations in KCNQ1, one component of a sympathetically activated cardiac potassium channel complex, cause familial atrial fibrillation, although the mechanisms in vivo are

  14. Unintentional arterial puncture during cephalic vein cannulation: case report and anatomical study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lirk, P.; Keller, C.; Colvin, J.; Colvin, H.; Rieder, J.; Maurer, H.; Moriggl, B.

    2004-01-01

    The cephalic antebrachial vein is often used for venous access. However, superficial radial arteries of the forearm are known and unintentional arterial puncture can result from attempts to cannulate the lateral veins of the arm. Accidental puncture of a superficial radial artery during peripheral

  15. Analysis of the indications for routine lumbar puncture and results of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Lumbar puncture (LP) is an important diagnostic tool for investigating neurological conditions/diseases. This study was carried out to compare the indications for lumbar puncture and findings of cerebrospinal fluid examination in children admitted to Muhimbili National Hospital (MNH) in Dar-es-salaam, Tanzania and Kilifi ...

  16. A Large Right Atrial Myxoma Associated with Atrial Flutter Rhythm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Onursal Buğra

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available A 22 year-old man presented to the emergency unit with the complaint of difficulty in breathing. In the physical exam, dyspnea and orthopnea were found. In the electocardiographic exam (ECG atrial flutter rhythm was seen. The transthoracic echocardiographic exam revealed a large atrial mass that was originating from interatrial septum. During surgery, complete surgical removal of the right atrial mass was successfully performed under moderate hypothermia. Histological investigations revealed a mass of 15 x 3 cm in diameter and the pathological examination showed that the lesion is a myxoma. Twelve months after surgical excision, clinical and chocardiographicalfollow-up showed a satisfactory exercise tolerance, sinus rhythm in ECG exam, and cardiac functions within normal limits.

  17. Evaluation of the Optimal Site for Retrograde Common Femoral Arterial Puncture

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Choi, Seung Joon; Kim, Jeong Ho; Byun, Sung Su; Jeong, Yu Mi; Hwang, Hee Young; Kim, Hyung Sik [Gachon University College of Medicine, Gil Hospital, Incheon (Korea, Republic of)

    2010-08-15

    To determine the optimal skin site for retrograde common femoral arterial puncture based on the inguinal skin crease. We retrospectively evaluated CT arteriographic images of right groins in 200 patients. We measured the relative distances of the common femoral artery bifurcation and inguinal ligament from the inguinal skin crease, respectively. We calculated the rates of common femoral artery puncture at 1 mm intervals, above or below the inguinal skin crease. The range in skin site where the rates of common femoral artery puncture were greater than 60%, 70%, and 80% were situated between 3 mm below to 27 mm above, 1 mm to 23 mm above, and 5 mm to 15 mm above the inguinal skin crease, respectively. The skin site of the highest puncture rate was 10 mm above inguinal skin crease (85.2%). The optimal skin site for retrograde common femoral artery puncture was above the inguinal skin crease, most optimally at 10 mm above the inguinal skin crease

  18. Prestrain-induced Reduction in Skin Tissue Puncture Force of Microneedle

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Jonghun; Park, Sungmin; Nam, Gyungmok; Yoon, Sang-Hee [Inha Univ., Incheon (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-10-15

    Despite all the recent advances in biodegradable material-based microneedles, the bending and failure (especially buckling) of a biodegradable microneedle during skin tissue insertion remains a major technical hurdle for its large-scale commercialization. A reduction in skin tissue puncture force during microneedle insertion remains an essential issue in successfully developing a biodegradable microneedle. Here, we consider uniaxial and equibiaxial prestrains applied to a skin tissue as mechanophysical stimuli that can reduce the skin tissue puncture force, and investigate the effect of prestrain on the changes in skin tissue puncture force. For a porcine skin tissue similar to that of humans, the skin tissue puncture force of a flat-end microneedle is measured with a z-axis stage equipped with a load cell, which provides a force-time curve during microneedle insertion. The findings of this study lead to a quantitative characterization of the relationship between prestrain and the skin tissue puncture force.

  19. Ovarian response to laser puncture in conditions of ionizing radiation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vylegzhanina, T. A.; Ryzhkovskaya, E. L.

    1998-01-01

    Experimental results on long-term consequences of laser puncture applied to active points of the projection zones for the reproductive organs in guinea pigs after preliminary exposure to (gamma) -radiation are given. In female guinea pigs, it was shown that combination of external radiation (12.9 mCoul/kg) and incorporated 131I (6.5 mCi/kg) induced morphohistochemical and electron microscopic changes in the ovaries long (6 months) after, which indicated functional tension in the ovarian functioning. Laser biostimulation 3 months after the exposure to (gamma) - radiation induced severe injuries of the ovary, i.e. formation of thin-walled cysts, destruction of interstitial cells of the thecal sheath, by 6 months of the experiment. Functional incompetence of the organ was observed.

  20. Generalized Punctured Convolutional Codes with Unequal Error Protection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Eduardo Pellenz

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available We conduct a code search restricted to the recently introduced class of generalized punctured convolutional codes (GPCCs to find good unequal error protection (UEP convolutional codes for a prescribed minimal trellis complexity. The trellis complexity is taken to be the number of symbols per information bit in the “minimal” trellis module for the code. The GPCC class has been shown to possess codes with good distance properties under this decoding complexity measure. New good UEP convolutional codes and their respective effective free distances are tabulated for a variety of code rates and “minimal” trellis complexities. These codes can be used in several applications that require different levels of protection for their bits, such as the hierarchical digital transmission of video or images.

  1. Left Atrial Function in Patients with Chronic Chagasic Cardiomyopathy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia da Silva Fragata

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Chagas disease is a cause of dilated cardiomyopathy, and information about left atrial (LA function in this disease still lacks. Objective: To assess the different LA functions (reservoir, conduit and pump functions and their correlation with the echocardiographic parameters of left ventricular (LV systolic and diastolic functions. Methods: 10 control subjects (CG, and patients with Chagas disease as follows: 26 with the indeterminate form (GI; 30 with ECG alterations (GII; and 19 with LV dysfunction (GIII. All patients underwent M-mode and two-dimensional echocardiography, pulsed-wave Doppler and tissue Doppler imaging. Results: Reservoir function (Total Emptying Fraction: TEF: (p <0.0001, lower in GIII as compared to CG (p = 0.003, GI (p <0.001 and GII (p <0.001. Conduit function (Passive Emptying Fraction: PEF: (p = 0.004, lower in GIII (GIII and CG, p = 0.06; GI and GII, p = 0.06; and GII and GIII, p = 0.07. Pump function (Active Emptying Fraction: AEF: (p = 0.0001, lower in GIII as compared to CG (p = 0.05, GI (p<0.0001 and GII (p = 0.002. There was a negative correlation of E/e’ average with the reservoir and pump functions (TEF and AEF, and a positive correlation of e’ average with s’ wave (both septal and lateral walls and the reservoir, conduit and pump LA functions. Conclusion: An impairment of LA functions in Chagas cardiomyopathy was observed.

  2. Left Atrial Function in Patients with Chronic Chagasic Cardiomyopathy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fragata, Claudia da Silva; Matsumoto, Afonso Y; Ramires, Felix J A; Fernandes, Fabio; Buck, Paula de Cássia; Salemi, Vera Maria C; Nastari, Luciano; Mady, Charles; Ianni, Barbara Maria

    2015-07-01

    Chagas disease is a cause of dilated cardiomyopathy, and information about left atrial (LA) function in this disease still lacks. To assess the different LA functions (reservoir, conduit and pump functions) and their correlation with the echocardiographic parameters of left ventricular (LV) systolic and diastolic functions. 10 control subjects (CG), and patients with Chagas disease as follows: 26 with the indeterminate form (GI); 30 with ECG alterations (GII); and 19 with LV dysfunction (GIII). All patients underwent M-mode and two-dimensional echocardiography, pulsed-wave Doppler and tissue Doppler imaging. Reservoir function (Total Emptying Fraction: TEF): (p <0.0001), lower in GIII as compared to CG (p = 0.003), GI (p <0.001) and GII (p <0.001). Conduit function (Passive Emptying Fraction: PEF): (p = 0.004), lower in GIII (GIII and CG, p = 0.06; GI and GII, p = 0.06; and GII and GIII, p = 0.07). Pump function (Active Emptying Fraction: AEF): (p = 0.0001), lower in GIII as compared to CG (p = 0.05), GI (p<0.0001) and GII (p = 0.002). There was a negative correlation of E/e' (average) with the reservoir and pump functions (TEF and AEF), and a positive correlation of e' (average) with s' wave (both septal and lateral walls) and the reservoir, conduit and pump LA functions. An impairment of LA functions in Chagas cardiomyopathy was observed.

  3. [Left atrial myxoma with repeated multiple cerebral emboli].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoshinaga, J; Morita, H; Sasaki, T; Okamoto, S; Hikiji, A

    1976-04-01

    A case of left atrial myxoma with repeated multiple cerebral emboli is reported. A-44-year-old man first developed a sudden right hemiparesis in October 1969. After intensive physical theraphy, strength improved and he was able to return to his work. In March 1970, he suddenly lost consciousness and remained comatose for a day. Upon waking, he had a profound right hemiparesis, motor aphasia and Gerstmann's syndrome. He was admitted to Hiroshima City Hospital on August 1, 1970. The cardiac examination, including an electrocardiogram, was entirely normal. Laboratory studies revealed a normal blood count and urinalysis; erythrocyte sedimentation rate was elevated (32mm/hour). On a left cerebral angiographic study, performed on September 6, 1971, multiple aneurysmal dilatations of the branches of the left middle cerebral artery were demonstrated. No specific diagnosis was made. In January 1973, he developed dysarthria, dysphagia and quadriplegia because of the recurrent cerebral attacks. He had a high temperature continuously for three days and died on May 30, 1974. At autopsy a myxoma with the peduncle was attached to the septal wall of left atrium, and there were old infarcts in the brain, the myocardium and the kidneys.

  4. CT findings of atrial myxoma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tsuchiya, F.; Kohno, A.; Saitoh, R.; Shigeta, A.

    1984-04-01

    The computed tomographic (CT) appearance of six atrial myxomas was analyzed. Five of the myxomas were located in the left atrium and one was in the right atrium. The margin of the myxoma was at least slightly lobulated in five cases and the content was inhomogeneous in all. Calcification was demonstrated in three cases. The site of attachment of the myxoma was demonstrated by CT to be the arial septum in all cases. The CT finding correlated well with the operative findings. It is concluded that it is possible with CT to diagnose atrial myxoma by the location and nature of the intracardiac mass and to differentiate it from thrombus.

  5. Alcohol septal ablation: patient selection and rationality of its application

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    М. Г. Каштанов

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available The article looks at some aspects of selecting patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy for alcohol septal ablation (ASA procedure. Based on the world’s experience and in the context of evidence-based medicine, the current positions of ASA in complex treatment of obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy are described. Received 29 September 2016. Accepted 9 January 2017.Funding: The study had no sponsorship.Conflict of interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.Author contributionsData collection and analysis: Kashtanov M.G. Drafting the article: Kashtanov M.G. Critical revision: Kashtanov M.G., Idov E.M., Chernyshev S.D., Kardapoltsev L.V., Berdnikov S.V.

  6. A large ventricular septal defect complicating resuscitation after blunt trauma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henry D I De′Ath

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available A young adult pedestrian was admitted to hospital after being hit by a car. On arrival to the Accident and Emergency Department, the patient was tachycardic, hypotensive, hypoxic, and acidotic with a Glasgow Coma Scale of 3. Despite initial interventions, the patient remained persistently hypotensive. An echocardiogram demonstrated a traumatic ventricular septal defect (VSD with right ventricular strain and increased pulmonary artery pressure. Following a period of stabilization, open cardiothoracic surgery was performed and revealed an aneurysmal septum with a single large defect. This was repaired with a bovine patch, resulting in normalization of right ventricular function. This case provides a vivid depiction of a large VSD in a patient following blunt chest trauma with hemodynamic compromise. In all thoracic trauma patients, and particularly those poorly responsive to resuscitation, VSDs should be considered. Relevant investigations and management strategies are discussed.

  7. Transcatheter Device Closure of Muscular Ventricular Septal Defect

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yun-Ching Fu

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Traditional treatment of muscular ventricular septal defect (VSD is surgical closure, but it carries considerable morbidity and mortality. The Amplatzer muscular VSD occluder (AGA Medical Corporation, Plymouth, MN, USA was approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration in September 2007 and by the Taiwan Department of Health in September 2009. It is a self-expandable double-disc device made from a nitinol wire mesh. Dacron polyester patches are sewn into each disc and the connecting waist to increase the thrombogenicity of the device. Many reports have shown that transcatheter device closure of muscular VSDs is effective and safe. It has no scar, less pain, shorter hospital stay, and less cost compared to the traditional open heart surgery.

  8. Exercise-induced left septal fascicular block: an expression of severe myocardial ischemia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Augusto Hiroshi Uchida

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available The electrocardiogram (ECG criteria for the left septal fascicular block (LSFB are not universally accepted and many other denominations can be seen in literature: focal septal block, septal focal block, left septal fascicular block, left anterior septal block, septal fascicular conduction disorder of the left branch, left septal Purkinje network block, left septal subdivision block of the left bundle branch, anterior conduction delay, left median hemiblock, left medial subdivision block of the left bundle branch, middle fascicle block, block of the anteromedial division of the left bundle branch of His, and anteromedial divisional block. During exercise stress test, fascicular blocks (left anterior and posterior seem to indicate severe coronary artery narrowing of left main coronary or proximal left anterior descending artery disease1 and transient exercise-induced left septal fascicular block has been reported a few times2,3. 54-year-old male, with a history of essential arterial systemic hypertension, primary hyperlipidemia and six-month typical chest pain during exercise (Class II – Canadian Cardiovascular Society underwent an exercise stress test. During the exercise stress test, ECG demonstrated abrupt prominent anterior forces, an increase in R wave amplitude from V1 to V4, extreme left axis deviation and minor ST segment depression in DII, DIII and aVF (Figure 1. The post-exercise period showed progressive return of the QRS axis in both frontal and horizontal planes and the ST depression worsened by 1 mm. Coronary angiogram (Figure 2A showed a critical proximal left anterior descending artery lesion. An exercise stress test done three months after coronary artery bypass surgery grafting was normal (Figure 2B.

  9. Right ventricular remodeling in restrictive ventricular septal defect

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monreal, Gretel; Youtz, Dane J.; Phillips, Alistair B.; Eyman, Mahala E.; Gorr, Matthew W.; Velten, Christina; Lucchesi, Pamela A.; Wold, Loren E.; Gerhardt, Mark A.

    2014-01-01

    Restrictive ventricular septal defect (rVSD) presents with little/no hemodynamic aberrations despite a patent septal defect. Clinically, these patients are observed with the hope that the defect will functionally close over time without the need for surgical repair and development of heart failure. Without evidence supporting a definitive therapeutic strategy, rVSD patients may have increased risk of a poor outcome. We tested the hypothesis that rVSD results in subclinical RV diastolic dysfunction and molecular remodeling. Five pigs underwent surgical rVSD creation. Echocardiography, hemodynamics, myocyte contractility experiments, and proteomics/Western blot were performed 6-weeks post-rVSD and in controls. *p < 0.05. LV and RV hemodynamics in rVSD were comparable to controls. The tricuspid valve early/late diastolic inflow velocity ratio (TV E/A ratio) decreased from 1.6 ± 0.05 in controls to 1.0 ± 0.08* in rVSD, indicating RV diastolic dysfunction. rVSD RV myocytes showed abnormalities in contraction (departure velocity (Vd) − 51%*, Vd time +55%*) and relaxation (return velocity (Vr) −50%*, Vr time +62%*). Mitochondrial proteins (fatty acid, TCA cycle) increased 2-fold*, indicating heightened RV work. Desmin protein upregulated 285%* in rVSD RV myocardium, suggesting cytoskeletal remodeling. rVSD causes RV diastolic dysfunction, myocyte functional impairment, and mitochondrial/cytoskeletal protein upregulation in our model. Desmin upregulation may hinder sarcomeric organization/relaxation, representing a key subclinical early marker for future RV dysfunction. TV E/A measurements are a non-invasive modality to assess rVSD patients for diastolic dysfunction. Translational research applications may lead to fundamental changes in the clinical management of rVSD by providing evidence for early repair of the defect. PMID:20637777

  10. Does asymptomatic septal agenesis exist? A review of 34 cases

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Belhocine, Ouardia; Andre, Christine; Kalifa, Gabriel; Adamsbaum, Catherine [St Vincent de Paul Hospital, Radiology Department, Paris (France)

    2005-04-01

    Primary septal agenesis (PSA) is a rare brain malformation that can be isolated or part of developmental brain abnormalities (holoprosencephaly, septo-optic dysplasia or cortical malformation). Such associated malformation can be subtle, leading to difficulties in the prenatal management of PSA. Moreover, the neurological prognosis of isolated PSA remains debatable. The aims of the study were to specify the patterns and frequency of brain malformations associated with septal agenesis (SA), to identify the clinical prognosis, and to discuss the aetiology of PSA with the new insights provided by molecular genetics. The study consisted of a 14-year retrospective review of brain MRI in 34 patients having PSA (mean age, 5 years). Chiasm and optic nerves were not evaluated. Post-hydrocephalus SA or incomplete data were excluded. The clinical data were correlated to the MRI patterns. The study disclosed 82.5% associated lesions with MRI (28/34): 11 neuronal migration disorders, 9 holoprosencephalies (HP), 7 pituitary stalk interruptions, 1 corpus callosum partial agenesis; 17.5% (6/34) of cases were apparently isolated PAS. Clinically, the patients had motor dysfunction in 68% (23/34), mental retardation in 65% (22/34), blindness in 24% (8/34), endocrinological defects in 21% (7/34) and epilepsy in 18% (6/34) of cases. Nine percent of patients (3/34) were neurologically normal (including one with scoliosis and two infants younger than 2 years at the last follow-up). Patients with bilateral cortical anomalies and HP (even if mild) had the worst neurological prognosis. A severe motor impairment was present without evidence of hemispheric anomaly in 12% of patients (4/34). Interestingly, the frontal lobes were involved in 90% of cortical anomalies and HP, supporting the malformative aetiology of PSA. PSA rarely appears isolated and severe psychomotor impairment may occur in apparently isolated forms. These unfavourable results should be highlighted and need to be confirmed

  11. Tratamiento quirúrgico en el manejo de los defectos del septum atrial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Víctor Bucheli, MD

    2013-07-01

    Conclusiones: los resultados obtenidos reflejan que en nuestro medio la corrección quirúrgica de los defectos septales atriales es segura y efectiva, con una tasa de mortalidad con tendencia al 0% y una muy baja morbilidad asociada, acorde con los estándares internacionales. De igual forma, la cirugía cardiaca mínimamente invasiva ha permitido mejorar los resultados del procedimiento y ha tenido gran aceptación por parte de los pacientes, por lo que constituye el abordaje de elección actual para el manejo quirúrgico de esta patología en el servicio de Cardiología de la institución.

  12. Abnormal atrial activation in young patients with lone atrial fibrillation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holmqvist, Fredrik; Olesen, Morten S; Tveit, Arnljot

    2011-01-01

    -wave morphology distribution was seen between patients with early-onset, lone paroxysmal AF and age- and gender-matched healthy control subjects. This finding indicates that alterations in atrial electrophysiology are common in the early stage of the arrhythmia, and since it occurs in young patients without co...

  13. Atrial fibrillation and delayed gastric emptying.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isadora C Botwinick

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation and delayed gastric emptying (DGE are common after pancreaticoduodenectomy. Our aim was to investigate a potential relationship between atrial fibrillation and DGE, which we defined as failure to tolerate a regular diet by the 7(th postoperative day. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of 249 patients who underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy at our institution between 2000 and 2009. Data was analyzed with Fisher exact test for categorical variables and Mann-Whitney U or unpaired T-test for continuous variables. RESULTS: Approximately 5% of the 249 patients included in the analysis experienced at least one episode of postoperative atrial fibrillation. Median age of patients with atrial fibrillation was 74 years, compared with 66 years in patients without atrial fibrillation (p = 0.0005. Patients with atrial fibrillation were more likely to have a history of atrial fibrillation (p = 0.03. 92% of the patients with atrial fibrillation suffered from DGE, compared to 46% of patients without atrial fibrillation (p = 0.0007. This association held true when controlling for age. CONCLUSION: Patients with postoperative atrial fibrillation are more likely to experience delayed gastric emptying. Interventions to manage delayed gastric function might be prudent in patients at high risk for postoperative atrial fibrillation.

  14. Nonsustained Repetitive Upper Septal Idiopathic Fascicular Left Ventricular Tachycardia: Rare Type of VT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gokhan Aksan

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Upper septal fascicular ventricular tachycardia is a very rare form of idiopathic fascicular ventricular tachycardia. Upper septal fascicular tachycardia uses the posterior fascicle as the anterograde limb and the septal fascicle as the retrograde limb. When evaluating the electrocardiography for this form of tachycardia, the presence of narrow QRS morphology and normal axis may be misinterpreted as supraventricular tachycardia. Here, we report a very rare subtype of fascicular tachycardia that originates more proximally in the His-Purkinje system at the base of the heart.

  15. Down Syndrome with Complete Atrioventricular Septal Defect, Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy, and Pulmonary Vein Stenosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahadevaiah, Guruprasad; Gupta, Manoj; Ashwath, Ravi

    2015-10-01

    The prevalence of congenital heart disease in infants with Down syndrome is 40%, compared with 0.3% in children who have normal chromosomes. Atrioventricular and ventricular septal defects are often associated with chromosomal aberrations, such as in trisomy 21, whereas hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is chiefly thought to be secondary to specific gene mutations. We found only one reported case of congenital hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and atrioventricular septal defect in an infant with Down syndrome. Here, we report atrioventricular septal defect, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, and pulmonary vein stenosis in a neonate with Down syndrome-an apparently unique combination. In addition, we discuss the relevant medical literature.

  16. Robotic-assisted closure of atrial septal defect under real-time three-dimensional echo guide: in vitro study

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Suematsu, Yoshihiro; Kiaii, Bob; Bainbridge, Daniel T; del Nido, Pedro J; Novick, Richard J

    2007-01-01

    ... in adults and neurodevelopmental dysfunction in children [4,5] . Recently, real-time three-dimensional echocardiography (RT3DE) has been introduced to visualize the heart noninvasively without ECG or respiratory gating. This also has great potential for expanded application not only for diagnostic purposes but also for image-guided interventio...

  17. Use of dopamine infusion improved oxygenation in a patient of Ebstein′s anomaly with atrial septal defect

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mukul C Kapoor

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available We present the successful perioperative management of an adult patient with Ebstein′s anomaly for abdominal rectopexy surgery. The patient developed mild hypotension and a fall in peripheral oxygen saturation (SpO 2 after administration of a graded epidural block. Correction of the fall in the blood pressure; however, did not improve the SpO 2 . The patient was administered an intravenous infusion of dopamine to improve the cardiac output and this led to improvement in the SpO 2 .

  18. The predictors of dislodgement and outcomes of transcatheter closure of complex atrial septal defects in adolescents and adults

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei-Chieh Lee

    2015-11-01

    Conclusion: Eroded and floppy IAS or aneurysm formation post ASO implantation and peri-procedure arrhythmia could predict ASO dislodgement in complex ASD closure. Transcatheter closure of ASDs under TEE guidance is feasible in complex cases.

  19. Anterior stromal puncture for treatment of contact lens-intolerant keratoconus patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kang, Su Yeon; Park, Young Kee; Song, Jong-Suk; Kim, Hyo Myung

    2011-01-01

    To report the results and effectiveness of anterior stromal puncture for contact lens-intolerant keratoconus patients with subepithelial fibrotic nodules. Nine eyes of nine keratoconus patients who were rigid gas-permeable contact lenses (RGP)-intolerant due to subepithelial nodular scars were included in this study. The nine patients were enrolled in the study between March 2008 and December 2008. After confirming nodular elevation from slit-lamp biomicroscopy, the area where the epithelium of nodular scars had sloughed was punctured by anterior stromal puncture using a 26-gauge needle attached to a 1-ml syringe under slit-lamp biomicroscopy. The RGPs of all patients were refitted around 4 weeks after the puncture. Five of the nine patients were male, and the average patient age was 29.6 years (SD ± 5.22 years). Mean follow-up time was 13.7 months (SD ± 4.8 months), and the epithelial defect healed in 1.4 days on average. After the puncture, four of nine patients presented with a recurrent erosion of the nodule during follow-up and needed a second puncture. All the patients showed good contact lens tolerance and satisfactory contact lens fit. No complications such as corneal perforation or keratitis developed. Anterior stromal puncture using a 26-gauge needle can be a successful and effective method to induce corneal epithelium and Bowman's layer reattachment. It can be used as an outpatient procedure to improve RGP tolerance in patients with keratoconus with elevated subepithelial nodules.

  20. Cooperative Punctured Polar Coding (CPPC Scheme Based on Plotkin’s Construction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. Soliman

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available A new cooperative punctured polar coding (CPPC scheme with multi joint successive cancellation (MJSC decoding at the destination is proposed, which may be obtained by applying puncturing algorithm to cooperative polar coding scenario. In this proposed algorithm we generate a cooperative scheme for punctured polar codes with various code lengths by employing the reduction of the general polarizing matrix combined with the cooperative construction to match the multilevel characteristics of polar codes. Punctured polar codes which are a class of polar codes can support a wide range of lengths for a given rate. Hence in our CPPC scheme, the punctured polar codes can be first constructed by eliminating some of the frozen bits such that the values of the punctured bits are known to the decoder. Then the proposed coded cooperative construction is employed to match the Plotkin’s construction between the two relay nodes. This scheme has low encoding and decoding complexity since it can be encoded and decoded in a similar way as a classical polar code. The CPPC scheme offers a cooperative coding which not only improves the data rate of the cooperative system, but also improves the overall bit error rate performance. Numerical results show that cooperative punctured polar codes constructed by our approach perform much better than those by the conventional direct approach.

  1. Atrial remodeling and atrial fibrillation: recent advances and translational perspectives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nattel, Stanley; Harada, Masahide

    2014-06-10

    Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained arrhythmia in clinical practice. AF and its complications are responsible for important population morbidity and mortality. Presently available therapeutic approaches have limited efficacy and nontrivial potential to cause adverse effects. Thus, new mechanistic knowledge is essential for therapeutic innovation. Atrial arrhythmogenic remodeling, defined as any change in atrial structure or function that promotes atrial arrhythmias, is central to AF. Remodeling can be due to underlying cardiac conditions, systemic processes and conditions such as aging, or AF itself. Recent work has underlined the importance of remodeling in AF, provided new insights into basic mechanisms, and identified new biomarker/imaging approaches to follow remodeling processes. The importance of intracellular Ca(2+) handling abnormalities has been highlighted, both for the induction of triggered ectopic activity and for the activation of Ca(2+)-related cell signaling that mediates profibrillatory remodeling. The importance of microRNAs, which are a new class of small noncoding sequences that regulate gene expression, has emerged in both electrical and structural remodeling. Remodeling related to aging, cardiac disease, and AF itself is believed to underlie the progressive nature of the arrhythmia, which contributes to the complexities of long-term management. New tools that are being developed to quantify remodeling processes and monitor their progression include novel biomarkers, imaging modalities to quantify/localize fibrosis, and noninvasive monitoring/mapping to better characterize the burden of AF and identify arrhythmic sources. This report reviews recent advances in the understanding of the basic pathophysiology of atrial remodeling and potential therapeutic implications. Copyright © 2014 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. 59. Early and late results of routine leaflet augmentation for complete atrio-ventricular septal defect repair

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Arifi

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Complete AVSD (CAVSD is characterized by the presence of a common atrio-ventricular (AV orifice, an inter-atrial communication, and a ventricular septal defect (VSD. Results of surgical correction of atrio-ventricular septal defects (AVSDs have improved over the last decades; however, the need for reoperation for left atrio-ventricular valve regurgitation, after primary AVSD repair remains a major concern. The aim of our study is to assess the outcome of the routine leaflet augmentation technique in CAVSD repair. A retrospective database and chart review analysis of all patients who underwent AV canal repair at king Abdul-Aziz Cardiac Center during period from 1999 to September 2014 was conducted. Demographic data, associated anomalies, operative data, ICU and hospital course were reviewed. Early outcomes were reviewed for postoperative complications (Chylothorax, complete AV block, Arrhythmias, early mortality and late outcomes were reviewed for Left AV valve regurgitation requiring for re-intervention and late mortality. Two hundred and sixty patients underwent leaflet augmentation technique to repair complete AVSD, between January 1999 and September 2014. The mean age was (131.5 months, and mean weight (6.06 kg. A variety of concomitant procedures were performed at the time of repair of the CAVSD, including a total of 49 patients (18.8% who underwent PDA ligation. Repair of TV (Right AV valve was performed in 11 patients (4.2%, 9 patients (3.46% required RVOTO resection, in 5 patients (1.92%, PA plasty was done and 2 patients (0.76% required ECMO after CAVSD repair. Regarding reoperations, a total of 17 patients (of 260 required reoperation after initial CAVSD repair. The most common indication for reoperation was left AV valve regurgitation in 16 patients (6% in the follow up period up to 15 years. One patient (0.38% required diaphragmatic plication. The overall mortality was 3 patients (1.1%. Leaflet augmentation for the repair of the

  3. Double puncture of single common femoral artery for CT hepatic arteriography and CT arterial portography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Ho Kyoung; Lee, Sang Chun [Seoul Red Cross Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Yun Hwan; Kim, Hyoung Rae; Kang, Chang Ho; Kim, Hong Won; Cho, Sung Bum; Suh, Won Hyuck [Korea Univ. College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1998-11-01

    To evaluate the safety and efficacy of double puncture of a single common femoral artery for CT hepatic arteriography (CTHA) and CT arterial portography (CTAP) in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. Between October and December 1995, 35 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma underwent double puncture of a single common femoral artery for combined CTHA and CTAP. Preangiographic laboratory data were as follows:platelet count from 28,000 to 250,000/mm{sup 3} (average, 124,500/mm{sup 3});prothrombin time from 45.8% to 100% (average, 85.3%). In the inguinal area, a pair of 21G puncture needles were used unilaterally for the first two femoral punctures, at a distance of 5-7mm;a 0.018'' guidewire for the insertion of a 4-F sheath in a coaxial micropuncture introducer set;and a 0.035'' guidewire and 4F check-flo sheath for the insertion of 4-F catheters. After being moved to the CT room, patients then underwent spiral CTHA and CTAP for further detection of hepatocellular carcinoma nodules. Transarterial chemoembolization followed, and the punctured site was then compressed by the usual finger compression method. After initial compression and one day later, we observed the puncture site for complications such as hematoma formation, thromboembolization or arteriovenous fistula, etc. Except for the formation of two mild hematomas, no remarkable severe complications were noted. Fifteen patients who had previously undergone combined spiral CTHA and CTAP using the bilateral femoral puncture method (with a 5-F check-flo sheath) felt more comfortable than when an earlier method was uded. For combined CTHA and CTAP, double puncture of a single common femoral artery is safer and more comfortable than the bilateral femoral puncture method.=20.

  4. Puncture Reduction in Percutaneous Transforaminal Endoscopic Discectomy with HE's Lumbar LOcation (HELLO) System: A Cadaver Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fan, Guoxin; Guan, Xiaofei; Sun, Qi; Hu, Annan; Zhu, Yanjie; Gu, Guangfei; Zhang, Hailong; He, Shisheng

    2015-01-01

    Percutaneous transforaminal endoscopic discectomy (PTED) usually requires numerous punctures under X-ray fluoroscopy. Repeated puncture will lead to more radiation exposure and reduce the beginners' confidence. This cadaver study aimed to investigate the efficacy of HE's Lumbar Location (HELLO) system in puncture reduction of PTED. Cadaver study. Comparative groups. HELLO system consists of self-made surface locator and puncture locator. One senior surgeon conducted the puncture procedure of PTED on the left side of 20 cadavers at L4/L5 and L5/S1 level with the assistance of HELLO system (Group A). Additionally, the senior surgeon conducted the puncture procedure of PTED on the right side of the cadavers at L4/L5 and L5/S1 level with traditional methods (Group B). On the other hand, an inexperienced surgeon conducted the puncture procedure of PTED on the left side of the cadavers at L4/L5 and L5/S1 level with the assistance of our HELLO system (Group C). At L4/L5 level, there was significant difference in puncture times between Group A and Group B (PHELLO system reduced 39%-45% radiation dosage when comparing Group A and Group B, but there was no significant difference in radiation exposure between Group A and Group C whatever at L4/L5 level or L5/S1 level (P>0.05). There was no difference in location time between Group A and Group B or Group A and Group C either at L4/L5 level or L5/S1 level (P>0.05). Small-sample preclinical study. HELLO system was effective in reducing puncture times, fluoroscopy time and radiation exposure, as well as the difficulty of learning PTED. (2015-RES-127).

  5. Puncture Reduction in Percutaneous Transforaminal Endoscopic Discectomy with HE's Lumbar LOcation (HELLO System: A Cadaver Study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guoxin Fan

    Full Text Available Percutaneous transforaminal endoscopic discectomy (PTED usually requires numerous punctures under X-ray fluoroscopy. Repeated puncture will lead to more radiation exposure and reduce the beginners' confidence.This cadaver study aimed to investigate the efficacy of HE's Lumbar Location (HELLO system in puncture reduction of PTED.Cadaver study.Comparative groups.HELLO system consists of self-made surface locator and puncture locator. One senior surgeon conducted the puncture procedure of PTED on the left side of 20 cadavers at L4/L5 and L5/S1 level with the assistance of HELLO system (Group A. Additionally, the senior surgeon conducted the puncture procedure of PTED on the right side of the cadavers at L4/L5 and L5/S1 level with traditional methods (Group B. On the other hand, an inexperienced surgeon conducted the puncture procedure of PTED on the left side of the cadavers at L4/L5 and L5/S1 level with the assistance of our HELLO system (Group C.At L4/L5 level, there was significant difference in puncture times between Group A and Group B (P0.05. There was no difference in location time between Group A and Group B or Group A and Group C either at L4/L5 level or L5/S1 level (P>0.05.Small-sample preclinical study.HELLO system was effective in reducing puncture times, fluoroscopy time and radiation exposure, as well as the difficulty of learning PTED. (2015-RES-127.

  6. Personalized management of atrial fibrillation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kirchhof, Paulus; Breithardt, Günter; Aliot, Etienne

    2013-01-01

    The management of atrial fibrillation (AF) has seen marked changes in past years, with the introduction of new oral anticoagulants, new antiarrhythmic drugs, and the emergence of catheter ablation as a common intervention for rhythm control. Furthermore, new technologies enhance our ability to de...

  7. Right Atrial Myxoma and Syncope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Babs Animashaun, Islamiyat; Akinseye, Oluwaseun A; Akinseye, Leah I; Akinboboye, Olakunle O

    2015-09-21

    Right atrial myxoma accounts for 15-20% of cardiac myxomas and syncope is a very rare manifestation. We present the case of an 89-year-old man with right atrial myxoma and syncope, and discuss the role of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the diagnosis of myxomas. An 89-year-old man with a history of hypertension, hyperlipidemia, chronic kidney disease stage 4, mild dementia, and benign prostatic hyperplasia presented to the emergency department with an episode of syncope. Physical examination demonstrated normal and regular heart sounds, and normal respiratory rate and oxygen saturation. Echocardiogram described a well-circumscribed echo-dense mass in the right atrial cavity, which was attached to the septum but not obstructing the tricuspid annulus, measuring 1.7×2.2 cm at its widest diameter. Cardiac MRI revealed a mass with dark intensity which enhanced heterogeneously following intravenous administration of gadolinium-chelate, consistent with a myxoma. The location of this myxoma, coupled with the presence of a stalk allowing mobility, provides a clue to how this patient experienced transient obstruction of the tricuspid valve leading to syncope. Right heart tumors should be considered in the differential diagnosis of unexplained syncope. Cardiac MRI with gadolinium-chelate administration can help differentiate this tumor from a right-sided atrial thrombus, which can pose a diagnostic challenge.

  8. Genetic aspects of atrial fibrillation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wiesfeld, ACP; Hemels, MEW; Van Tintelen, JP; Van den Berg, MP; Van Veldhuisen, DJ; Van Gelder, IC

    2005-01-01

    Atrial fibrillation (AF) occurs predominantly in the elderly and is commonly associated with underlying cardiac diseases. A significant number of patients, however, have early onset AF that is not associated with any underlying disease. At present, it is unknown how often this form of AF is familial

  9. Deglutition-Induced Atrial Fibrillation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malik, Amyn; Ali, Syed Sohail; Rahmatullah, Amin

    2005-01-01

    We present the case of 38-year-old woman who experienced palpitations on swallowing, which were later found to be atrial fibrillation. Her symptoms improved on treatment with disopyramide and verapamil. Within 9 months, she was weaned from both medications without recurrence of symptoms. PMID:16429915

  10. Radial artery pseudoaneurysm: A rare complication after a single arterial puncture for blood-gas analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patel, Kajal Nitin; Gandhi, Shruti P; Sutariya, Harsh C

    2016-10-01

    With a reported incidence of 0.048%, radial artery pseudoaneurysm (PA) is a rare but serious complication of arterial cannulation. We report a case of PA developing after a single puncture of the right radial artery for arterial blood-gas analysis diagnosed by Doppler ultrasound in young male patient. The development of PA after puncture of radial artery for continuous blood pressure monitoring and serial blood-gas analysis has been reported in the past; however, to the best of our knowledge, there is only one case report of development of PA after a single arterial puncture for blood-gas analysis is reported in the past.

  11. Genome-Wide Association Study of Down Syndrome-Associated Atrioventricular Septal Defects

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Ramachandran, Dhanya; Zeng, Zhen; Locke, Adam E; Mulle, Jennifer G; Bean, Lora J H; Rosser, Tracie C; Dooley, Kenneth J; Cua, Clifford L; Capone, George T; Reeves, Roger H; Maslen, Cheryl L; Cutler, David J; Feingold, Eleanor; Sherman, Stephanie L; Zwick, Michael E

    2015-01-01

    .... We performed a genome-wide association study using logistic regression analysis on 452 individuals with Down syndrome, consisting of 210 cases with complete atrioventricular septal defects and 242...

  12. Coronary artery to pulmonary artery communications in pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Sridhar, Anuradha; Subramanyan, Raghavan; Cherian, Kotturathu Mammen

    2013-01-01

    ...% of patients with pulmonary atresia and ventricular septal defect (PA-VSD). A diligent look for these abnormal communications is important to prevent perioperative complications and achieve a complete repair...

  13. Script Concordance Testing to Determine Infant Lumbar Puncture Practice Variation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chime, Nnenna Ogochukwu; Pusic, Martin V; Auerbach, Marc; Mehta, Renuka; Scherzer, Daniel J; Van Ittersum, Wendy; McAninch, Brett; Fein, Daniel M; Seelbach, Elizabeth; Zaveri, Pavan; Jackson, Jennifer M; Kessler, David; Chang, Todd P

    2018-02-01

    Script concordance testing (SCT) is used to assess clinical decision-making. We explore the use of SCT to (1) quantify practice variations in infant lumbar puncture (LP) and (2) analyze physician's characteristics affecting LP decision making. Using standard SCT processes, a panel of pediatric subspecialty physicians constructed 15 infant LP case vignettes, each with 2 to 4 SCT questions (a total of 47). The vignettes were distributed to pediatric attending physicians and fellows at 10 hospitals within the INSPIRE Network. We determined both raw scores (tendency to perform LP) and SCT scores (agreement with the reference panel) as well as the variation with participant factors. Two hundred twenty-six respondents completed all 47 SCT questions. Pediatric emergency medicine physicians tended to select LP more frequently than did general pediatricians, with pediatric emergency medicine physicians showing significantly higher raw scores (20.2 ± 10.2) than general pediatricians (13 ± 15; 95% confidence interval for difference, 1, 13). Concordance with the reference panel varied among subspecialties and by the frequency with which practitioners perform LPs in their practices. Script concordance testing questions can be used as a tool to detect subspecialty practice variation. We are able to detect significant practice variation in the self-report of use of LP for infants among different pediatric subspecialties.

  14. Intravenous theophylline rapidly decreases post-lumbar puncture headaches.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ergün, Ufuk; Ünal-Artık, H Aybüke; İnan, Leven E; Yoldaş, Tahir

    2016-09-01

    When managing therapy for the post-lumbar puncture headaches (PLPHs), an efficacious, fast-acting, practical and safe method is preferred. Invasive methods have known complications and oral medications might be problematic when nausea and vomiting occurs with severe headaches. The aim of this study was to highlight the brief initial time for a remarkable decrease of PLPH pain levels after the administration of IV theophylline infusion. We observed that IV theophylline infusion has a rapid and marked effect on decreasing pain in PLPHs. At 30 min of theophylline infusion, mean VAS levels were decreased by 47.1 % and at 60 min of infusion, the decrease of pain was 61.9 %. We conclude that IV theophylline infusion is a rapidly effective, noninvasive, practical and low-cost way to treat PLPHs. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to highlight both the efficacy and the speed of the effect of pain relief in PLPHs.

  15. Device and method for treatment of openings in vascular and septal walls

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singhal, Pooja; Wilson, Thomas S.; Cosgriff-Hernandez, Elizabeth; Maitland, Duncan J.

    2017-06-06

    A device, system and method for treatment of an opening in vascular and/or septal walls including patent foramen ovale. The device has wings/stops on either end, an axis core covered in a shape memory foam and is deliverable via a catheter to the affected opening, finally expanding into a vascular or septal opening where it is held in place by the expandable shape memory stops or wings.

  16. Asymmetric septal hypertrophy - a marker of hypertension in aortic stenosis (a SEAS substudy)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tuseth, Nora; Cramariuc, Dana; Rieck, Ashild E

    2010-01-01

    Some patients with aortic stenosis develop asymmetric septal hypertrophy (ASH) that may influence the surgical approach and is associated with higher perioperative morbidity. The aim of this analysis was to characterize further this subtype of aortic stenosis patients.......Some patients with aortic stenosis develop asymmetric septal hypertrophy (ASH) that may influence the surgical approach and is associated with higher perioperative morbidity. The aim of this analysis was to characterize further this subtype of aortic stenosis patients....

  17. Interventricular Septal Hematoma and Coronary-Ventricular Fistula: A Complication of Retrograde Chronic Total Occlusion Intervention

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdul-rahman R. Abdel-karim

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Interventricular septal hematoma is a rare complication of retrograde chronic total occlusion (CTO percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI with a typically benign course. Here we report two cases of interventricular septal hematoma and coronary-cameral fistula development after right coronary artery (RCA CTO-PCI using a retrograde approach. Both were complicated by development of ST-segment elevation and chest pain. One case was managed actively and the other conservatively, both with a favorable outcome.

  18. Results of beating heart mitral valve surgery via the trans-septal approach Resultados da abordagem transeptal para a valva mitral com coração batendo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomas A Salerno

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Mitral valve surgery can be performed through the trans-atrial or the trans-septal approach. Although the trans-atrial is the preferred method, the trans-septal approach has also been used recently and has a particular value in beating-heart mitral valve surgery. Herein we report our experience with beating-heart mitral valve surgery via trans-septal approach, and discuss its advantages and pitfalls. METHODS: Between 2000 and 2007, 214 consecutive patients were operated upon utilizing beating heart technique for mitral valve surgery. The operation was performed via transseptal approach with the aorta unclamped, the heart beating, with normal electrocardiogram and in sinus rhythm. RESULTS: Mean age was 56.03 ± 13.93 years (range: 19-86 years; median: 56 years. There were 131 (61.2% males and 83 (38.8% females. Of the prostheses used, 108 (50.5% were biological, and 39 (18.2% were mechanical. Mitral repairs were performed in 67 (31.3% patients. Mean hospital stay was 17.4 ± 20.0 days (range: 3-135 days; median: 11 days. Intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP utilization was required in 12 (5.6% of 214 patients. One-month mortality was 7.4%, and re-operation for bleeding was needed in 15 (7% patients. CONCLUSIONS: Beating-heart mitral valve surgery is an option for myocardial protection in patients undergoing mitral valve surgery. This technique is facilitated by the trans-septal approach due to reduced aortic insufficiency and improved visualization of the mitral apparatus.OBJETIVO: A cirurgia da valva mitral pode ser feita via transatrial ou transeptal. Embora a transatrial seja a preferida, a via transeptal tem sido utilizada mais recentemente e tido um grande valor nas operações com o coração batendo. Mostramos a nossa experiência na cirurgia da valva mitral via transeptal com coração batendo e discutimos seus benefícios e problemas. MÉTODOS: Entre 2000 e 2007, 214 pacientes consecutivos foram operados com o coração batendo. A

  19. Left Atrial Linear Ablation of Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation Guided by Three-dimensional Electroanatomical System

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhang, Dai-Fu; Li, Ying; Qi, Wei-Gang

    2005-01-01

    Objective To investigate the safety and efficacy of Left atrial linear ablation of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation guided by three-dimensional electroanatomical system. Methods 29 patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation in this study. A nonfluoroscopic mapping system was used to generate a 3D......±15. After a follow-up of 6.0 months, 24 patients maintained sinus rhythm. 3 patients suffered from less frequent paroxysmal atrial fibrillation during the first 3.0 months after the ablation and remained Af free after 6 months. I patient had atrial fibrillation episodes and I patient had atrial fibrillation...... attacks unchanged. No pulmonary vein narrowing was observed. Conclusion Left atrial linear ablation of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation guided by three-dimensional electroanatomical system was safe and effective....

  20. Effects of postshock atrial pacing on atrial defibrillation outcome in the isolated sheep heart

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Skanes, A. C.; Gray, R. A.; Zuur, C. L.; Jalife, J.

    1998-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Failed atrial defibrillation shocks are associated with organization of postshock activity and a substantial postshock electrical quiescence. We investigated the ability of a train of pacing stimuli to capture or locally entrain atrial myocardium during the quiescent period after

  1. Effect of needle puncture and electro-acupuncture on mucociliary clearance in anesthetized quails

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Tai, Shusheng; Wang, Jiulin; Sun, Feng; Xutian, Stevenson; Wang, Tianshan; King, Malcolm

    2006-01-01

    ... to treat patients with the diseases. Since the impaired mucociliary clearance is among the most important features of airway inflammation in most obstructive respiratory diseases, the effect of needle puncture and electro-acupuncture...

  2. Iatrogenic after spinal puncture technique. Prevalence study of headache and associated factors

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Bauset-Navarro, José Luis; Sánchez-Ortuño, Isabel M; Gómez-Cárdenas, Claudia; Sanz-Monllor, Ainara; Cinesi-Gómez, César; Piñera-Salmerón, Pascual

    2014-01-01

    .... The following data were collected: physician's experience, number of punctures, variations in the plane, patient's posture, local anaesthetic, needle calibre and bevel, degrees of inclination, amount of liquid, fluid overload...

  3. Anesthesia management after inadvertent dural puncture during application of epidural blockage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mine Çelik

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Accidentally dural puncture during the application of epidural blockage is a rare complication. There are some treatment methods in anesthesia management of this complication. Inserting the epidural needle to another intervertebral disc space, replacing subarachnoid catheter, injection of spinal anesthetic solution wherein epidural needle or implementing general anesthesia are some of the methods that physicians applicate.We report a cesarean delivery patient’s case in which we have composed an accidental dural puncture. We drew back the epidural needle till the level that no free cerebrospinal fluid (CSF flow is seen. We confirmed this by injection aspiration technique. In this case, we revised the maneuvers of the anesthetist after unintentional dural puncture with protective and therapeutic methods of the most frequent complication postdural puncture headache (PDPH.

  4. Needle bending in a VR-puncture training system using a 6DOF haptic device.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Färber, Matthias; Dahmke, Thorsten; Bohn, Christian A; Handels, Heinz

    2009-01-01

    The use of virtual reality techniques opens up new perspectives to support and improve the puncture training in medical education. In this work a 3D VR-Simulator for the training of lumbar and ascites punctures has been extended to support the bending of the puncture needle. For this purpose the needle is designed as an angular spring model. The forces that restrict the user from bending the needle are calculated using a multiproxy technique and given to the user via a 6DOF haptic device (Sensable Phantom Premium 1.5). Proxy based haptic volume rendering is used to calculate the proxy movement. This way it is possible to integrate original CT-patient data into the rendering process and generate forces from structures that have not been segmented. The bending technique has been integrated in a VR-training system for puncture interventions and shows good results concerning update rate and user acceptance.

  5. Post-lumbar puncture headache: a review of issues for nursing practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Destrebecq, Anne; Terzoni, Stefano; Sala, Elena

    2014-06-01

    Headache is the most common complication after lumbar puncture. This narrative review explores the literature to determine strategies for preventing headache and provide evidence-based nursing care to adults with post-lumbar puncture headache. Multiple findings regarding prevention and relieving of post-lumbar puncture headache were identified and summarized under the headings "Needle Design and LP Technical Procedure," "Bed Rest and Early Mobilization," "Posture and Head Position," "Cerebral Vasoconstriction," "Hydration and Seal of the Puncture Site," and "Patient Characteristics." Despite the amount of articles, no widely accessible nursing practice guidelines were found. It has been shown that several treatments with insufficient or low levels of evidence supporting their efficacy are still being used (e.g., prolonged bed rest, special postures in bed, additional fluid intake, and caffeine intake). A clear recommendation regarding using atraumatic, small-sized needles. Further research is needed to support nursing with stronger evidence.

  6. Caffeine, Is it effective for prevention of postdural puncture headache in young adult patients?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ashraf Ragab

    2014-04-01

    Conclusion: It seems that the incidence of postdural puncture headache decreases in those patients who received caffeine sodium benzoate. The article can potentially help clinicians to use caffeine as an effective drug for prevention of PDPH.

  7. Evaluation of pancreatic tissue fluid pressure measurements intraoperatively and by sonographically guided fine-needle puncture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ebbehøj, N; Borly, L; Bülow, J

    1990-01-01

    pressure measurements by direct puncture of pancreatic tissue and duct. In patients with chronic pancreatitis we found small week-to-week variations in sonographically guided percutaneous pressure measurements and good agreement between preoperative percutaneous pressure measurements and intraoperative...

  8. Contribution of copy-number variation to Down syndrome-associated atrioventricular septal defects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramachandran, Dhanya; Mulle, Jennifer G; Locke, Adam E; Bean, Lora J H; Rosser, Tracie C; Bose, Promita; Dooley, Kenneth J; Cua, Clifford L; Capone, George T; Reeves, Roger H; Maslen, Cheryl L; Cutler, David J; Sherman, Stephanie L; Zwick, Michael E

    2015-07-01

    The goal of this study was to identify the contribution of large copy-number variants to Down syndrome-associated atrioventricular septal defects, the risk for which in the trisomic population is 2,000-fold more as compared with that of the general disomic population. Genome-wide copy-number variant analysis was performed on 452 individuals with Down syndrome (210 cases with complete atrioventricular septal defects; 242 controls with structurally normal hearts) using Affymetrix SNP 6.0 arrays, making this the largest heart study conducted to date on a trisomic background. Large, common copy-number variants with substantial effect sizes (OR > 2.0) do not account for the increased risk observed in Down syndrome-associated atrioventricular septal defects. By contrast, cases had a greater burden of large, rare deletions (P Down syndrome-associated atrioventricular septal defects, whereas large, common copy-number variants do not appear to increase the risk of Down syndrome-associated atrioventricular septal defects. The genetic architecture of atrioventricular septal defects is complex and multifactorial in nature.

  9. Percutaneous closure of a post-traumatic ventricular septal defect with a patent ductus arteriosus occluder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Er-Ping Xi

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Ventricular septal defects resulting from post-traumatic cardiac injury are very rare. Percutaneous closure has emerged as a method for treating this disorder. We wish to report our experience in three patients who underwent percutaneous closure of a post-traumatic ventricular septal defect with a patent ductus arteriosus occluder. METHODS: We treated three patients with post-traumatic ventricular septal defects caused by stab wounds with knives. After the heart wound was repaired, patient examinations revealed ventricular septal defects with pulmonary/systemic flow ratios (Qp/Qs of over 1.7. The post-traumatic ventricular septal defects were closed percutaneously with a patent ductus arteriosus occluder (Lifetech Scientific (Shenzhen Co., LTD, Guangdong, China utilizing standard techniques. RESULTS: Post-operative transthoracic echocardiography revealed no residual left-to-right shunt and indicated normal ventricular function. In addition, 320-slice computerized tomography showed that the occluder was well placed and exhibited normal morphology. CONCLUSION: Our experiences indicate that closure of a post-traumatic ventricular septal defect using a patent ductus arteriosus occluder is feasible, safe, and effective.

  10. A modified infarct exclusion technique for repair of anteroapical postinfarction ventricular septal defect.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bayezid, Omer; Turkay, Cengiz; Golbasi, Ilihan

    2005-01-01

    Ventricular septal defects complicate approximately 1% to 2% of cases of acute myocardial infarction. Such postinfarction defects require urgent surgical treatment because, on medical treatment alone, 60% to 70% of patients die within the first 2 weeks. Despite the development of various surgical techniques for repair of postinfarction ventricular septal defect, the condition carries a high risk of recurrence and subsequent death. We describe a modification of the infarct exclusion technique in which the septal portion of the patch is reinforced by the right ventricular free wall. This modification appears to prevent leaks to the right ventricle through the ventricular septal defect, from anywhere around the patch. We applied this modified technique to 4 patients with anteroapical postinfarction ventricular septal defect. There was 1 early death, due to mesenteric artery occlusion secondary to embolus. No residual shunt was found during the postoperative period. We believe that our modification to the infarct exclusion technique might reduce both operative mortality and recurrence, by supporting friable endocardial tissue with right ventricular wall. We suggest that it be considered for use in patients with anteroapical ventricular septal defect and no severe right ventricular dysfunction.

  11. Mitotic regulation of fungal cell-to-cell connectivity through septal pores involves the NIMA kinase.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Kuo-Fang; Osmani, Aysha H; Govindaraghavan, Meera; Osmani, Stephen A

    2014-03-01

    Intercellular bridges are a conserved feature of multicellular organisms. In multicellular fungi, cells are connected directly via intercellular bridges called septal pores. Using Aspergillus nidulans, we demonstrate for the first time that septal pores are regulated to be opened during interphase but closed during mitosis. Septal pore-associated proteins display dynamic cell cycle-regulated locations at mature septa. Of importance, the mitotic NIMA kinase locates to forming septa and surprisingly then remains at septa throughout interphase. However, during mitosis, when NIMA transiently locates to nuclei to promote mitosis, its levels at septa drop. A model is proposed in which NIMA helps keep septal pores open during interphase and then closed when it is removed from them during mitosis. In support of this hypothesis, NIMA inactivation is shown to promote interphase septal pore closing. Because NIMA triggers nuclear pore complex opening during mitosis, our findings suggest that common cell cycle regulatory mechanisms might control septal pores and nuclear pores such that they are opened and closed out of phase to each other during cell cycle progression. The study provides insights into how and why cytoplasmically connected Aspergillus cells maintain mitotic autonomy.

  12. Atrioverter : An implantable device for the treatment of atrial fibrillation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wellens, HJJ; Lau, CP; Luderitz, B; Akhtar, M; Waldo, AL; Camm, AJ; Timmermans, C; Tse, HF; Jung, W; Jordaens, L; Ayers, G

    1998-01-01

    Background-During atrial fibrillation, electrophysiological changes occur in atrial tissue that favor the maintenance of the arrhythmia and facilitate recurrence after conversion to sinus rhythm. An implantable defibrillator connected to right atrial and coronary sinus defibrillation leads allows

  13. Percutaneous puncture of spinal cysts in the diagnosis and therapy of syringomyelia and cystic tumors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dietemann, J.L.; Babin, E.; Wackenheim, A.; Maitrot, D.; Bonneville, J.F.

    1982-10-01

    The experience with percutaneous puncture of intraspinal cystic lesions is reported in cases: an extradural cyst demonstrated with air, a spinal cord tumor with lipiodol and two cases of syringomyelia with metrizamide. Percutaneous puncture of cystic lesions makes possible an accurate delineation of the lesion and a histological approach through biochemical and cytological analysis of the aspirated cystic fluid, while aspiration of the fluid of cystic tumors decompresses the spinal cord and thus plays a therapeutic role.

  14. Suitability of Exoseal Vascular Closure Device for Antegrade Femoral Artery Puncture Site Closure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schmelter, Christopher, E-mail: christopher.schmelter@klinikum-ingolstadt.de; Liebl, Andrea; Poullos, Nektarios [Klinikum Ingolstadt, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Germany); Ruppert, Volker [Klinikum Ingolstadt, Department of Vascular Surgery (Germany); Vorwerk, Dierk [Klinikum Ingolstadt, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Germany)

    2013-06-15

    Purpose. To assess the efficacy and safety of the Exoseal vascular closure device for antegrade puncture of the femoral artery. Methods. In a prospective study from February 2011 to January 2012, a total of 93 consecutive patients received a total of 100 interventional procedures via an antegrade puncture of the femoral artery. An Exoseal vascular closure device (6F) was used for closure in all cases. Puncture technique, duration of manual compression, and use of compression bandages were documented. All patients were monitored by vascular ultrasound and color-coded duplex sonography of their respective femoral artery puncture site within 12 to 36 h after angiography to check for vascular complications. Results. In 100 antegrade interventional procedures, the Exoseal vascular closure device was applied successfully for closure of the femoral artery puncture site in 96 cases (96 of 100, 96.0 %). The vascular closure device could not be deployed in one case as a result of kinking of the vascular sheath introducer and in three cases because the bioabsorbable plug was not properly delivered to the extravascular space adjacent to the arterial puncture site, but instead fully removed with the delivery system (4.0 %). Twelve to 36 h after the procedure, vascular ultrasound revealed no complications at the femoral artery puncture site in 93 cases (93.0 %). Minor vascular complications were found in seven cases (7.0 %), with four cases (4.0 %) of pseudoaneurysm and three cases (3.0 %) of significant late bleeding, none of which required surgery. Conclusion. The Exoseal vascular closure device was safely used for antegrade puncture of the femoral artery, with a high rate of procedural success (96.0 %), a low rate of minor vascular complications (7.0 %), and no major adverse events.

  15. 49 CFR 179.16 - Tank-head puncture-resistance systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... FOR TANK CARS General Design Requirements § 179.16 Tank-head puncture-resistance systems. (a... weight of at least 217,724 kg (480,000 pounds) and the hand brake is applied on the last “backup” car... 49 Transportation 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Tank-head puncture-resistance systems. 179.16...

  16. A HARDWARE IMPLEMENTATION OF PUNCTURED CONVOLUTIONAL CODES TO COMPLETE A VITERBI DECODER CORE

    OpenAIRE

    E. García,; Torres, D.; Guzmán, M.

    2005-01-01

    This paper presents a VLSI (Very Large Scale Integration) implementation of high punctured convolutional codes.We present a new circuit architecture that is capable of processing up to 10 convolutional codes rate (n-1)/n withthe constraint length-7 derived by the puncturing technique from the basic rate-1/2. The present circuit wasdesigned in order to complete an existing Viterbi decoder core, adding some extra functionality such as aconvolutional encoder, differential encoder/decoder, punctu...

  17. Gauge conditions for binary black hole puncture data based on an approximate helical Killing vector

    OpenAIRE

    Tichy, Wolfgang; Bruegmann, Bernd; Laguna, Pablo

    2003-01-01

    We show that puncture data for quasicircular binary black hole orbits allow a special gauge choice that realizes some of the necessary conditions for the existence of an approximate helical Killing vector field. Introducing free parameters for the lapse at the punctures we can satisfy the condition that the Komar and ADM mass agree at spatial infinity. Several other conditions for an approximate Killing vector are then automatically satisfied, and the 3-metric evolves on a timescale smaller t...

  18. Methods in laboratory investigation. Identification and evaluation of histopathology at microelectrode puncture sites.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cole, M A; Bernick, S; Puffer, H W; Warner, N E; Crawford, D W

    1983-11-01

    Tissue puncture techniques using microelectrodes for various measurements have been criticized for producing undetermined degrees of tissue damage. Therefore, a method permitting routine identification of puncture tracks was developed to determine local microelectrode-induced injury. Rabbits were anesthetized and the femoral arteries surgically exposed. A 3-ml mixture of saline-India ink suspension was introduced through an ear vein. Oxygen-sensitive (pO2) microcathodes were advanced into and through the arterial wall at 10- or 20-micron intervals using a stepping microdrive to 150 to 450 micron and then withdrawn. The arteries were fixed in 10% formalin and gelatin embedded, and serial frozen sections (less than or equal to 15 micron) of the microelectrode puncture area were made. We observed within 5 minutes of microcathode withdrawal a dark, punctate, microscopic discoloration within the arterial wall. Histologically, ink distribution within the arterial wall demonstrated an acute permeability change: puncture depths generally less than 300 micron showed ink-lined microelectrode tracks (generally less than 2 micron wide) in the media, and greater puncture depths showed local hemorrhage and focal laminar accumulation of ink which extended from the track. The immediate adjacent area to microelectrode puncture depths less than 300 micron showed an apparent intact internal elastic lamina and media. Therefore, microelectrode damage has been shown to be primarily limited to microelectrode tissue tracks.

  19. Incidence and predictors of immediate complications following perioperative non-obstetric epidural punctures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meyer-Bender Andreas

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Epidural Anesthesia (EA is a well-established procedure. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the incidence of immediate complications following epidural puncture, such as sanguineous puncture, accidental dural perforation, unsuccessful catheter placement or insufficient analgesia and to identify patient and maneuver related risk factors. Methods A total of 7958 non-obstetrical EA were analyzed. The risk of each complication was calculated according to the preconditions and the level of puncture. For probabilistic evaluation we used a logistic regression model with forward selection. Results The risk of sanguineous puncture (n = 247, 3.1% increases with both the patient’s age (P = 0.013 and the more caudal the approach (P Conclusions Compared to more cranial levels, EA of the lower spine is associated with an increased risk of sanguineous and unsuccessful puncture. Insufficient analgesia more often accompanies high thoracic and low lumbar approaches. The risk of a sanguineous puncture increases in elderly patients. Gender, weight and body mass index seem to have no influence on the investigated complications.

  20. Internal Jugular Vein Catheterization with Seldinger Technique, previous Needle Puncture: Complications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carrizo G

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Central venous catheterization (CVC is a common procedure performed daily for its outnumbered indications, complication rates range are up to 15%. The previous puncture with a fine needle with the Seldinger technique can reduce even more the possible complications, guaranteeing a high percentage of success. The objective was to determine the number of CVC per puncture with Seldinger technique performed by general surgery residents and identify number and type of mechanical complications, related to the residence year. A descriptive transversal cut study has been carried out, between March and November of 2014. A number of 243 patients were evaluated, observing that 41% of the cases were to measure CVP and hemodynamic monitoring; 76% of the punctures were done by 1º and 2º year residents, presenting only 10% on mechanic complications, most frequently on arterial puncture. In conclusion, previous puncture with needle with the Seldinger technique is safer, more secure, lower cost, and reduces the number of complications, it is a variant puncture under ultrasound guidance.

  1. Congenital left atrial appendage aneurysm: Atypical presentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehdi Bamous

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Congenital left atrial appendage aneurysm is a rare condition caused by dysplasia of the atrial muscles. We report a case of a 14-year-old boy, with a 5-month history of cough and in sinus rhythm. Transthoracic echocardiography and computerized tomographic angiography confirmed the aneurysm of the left atrial appendage which was resected through median sternotomy on cardiopulmonary bypass. This case is presented not only for its rarity but also for its atypical clinical presentation.

  2. [Intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography in robotic perimembranous ventricular septal defect repair].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yao; Gao, Chang-Qing; Wang, Gang; Shen, Yan-Song; Wang, Jia-Li; Xiao, Cang-Song; Yang, Ming

    2013-11-01

    To explore the role of intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) in robotic perimembranous ventricular septal defect (VSD) repair. A retrospective analysis was conducted with intraoperative TEE data of 18 consecutive patients who underwent robotic perimembranous VSD repair from January 2009 to August 2012. (1) Before cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), TEE was performed to document the anatomic types, numbers, and the size of VSD. The procedures were predetermined by the surgeon according to TEE information. (2) During the establishment of peripheral CPB, TEE was used to guide the placement of cannulae in inferior vena cava (IVC), superior vena cava (SVC), and ascending aorta (AAO). (3) After weaning from CPB, TEE was conducted to evaluate the effect of the procedure. (1) Accuracy of TEE was 100% for diagnosing the anatomic types of VSD. All the surgical procedures were performed based on the predetermined information. (2) Under TEE guidance, all the cannulae in the SVC, IVC and AAO were located in correct positions. (3) In all patients, TEE confirmed successful VSD repair. TEE is a useful tool in the assessment of robotic perimembranous VSD repair.

  3. MORTAL PULPOTOMY ON CHILDREN WITH VENTRICULAR SEPTAL DEFECT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Devi N. R. Devy

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Congenital heart disease is a condition of heart anomaly found since birth. The most common is ventricular septal defect whereby an aperture is found in the partition of heart chamber. It is estimated that 40,000 newborn in Indonesia have this defective condition. Dental treatment for patients with such condition must be undertaken in a very cautious way. Tooth with multiple caries can potentially lead to endocarditis bacteria. As such, dentist must be watchful on dental treatment that may worsen the patient’s condition. To prevent endocarditis bacteria, a prophylaxis antibiotic is required as recommended by the American Heart Association (AHA. In this particular case, a dental treatment was undertaken to a child patient with congenital heart disease. Previously, the patient has undergone dental treatment in the form of multiple extractions under general anesthesia before conducting cardiac surgery. In this case the treatment includes mortal pulpotomy, GIC restoration, and fissure sealant – all conducted in one visit under general anesthesia. A year after the treatment, there are no complaints from the patient and no irregularity on x-ray results.

  4. Cilia gene mutations cause atrioventricular septal defects by multiple mechanisms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burnicka-Turek, Ozanna; Steimle, Jeffrey D; Huang, Wenhui; Felker, Lindsay; Kamp, Anna; Kweon, Junghun; Peterson, Michael; Reeves, Roger H; Maslen, Cheryl L; Gruber, Peter J; Yang, Xinan H; Shendure, Jay; Moskowitz, Ivan P

    2016-07-15

    Atrioventricular septal defects (AVSDs) are a common severe form of congenital heart disease (CHD). In this study we identified deleterious non-synonymous mutations in two cilia genes, Dnah11 and Mks1, in independent N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea-induced mouse mutant lines with heritable recessive AVSDs by whole-exome sequencing. Cilia are required for left/right body axis determination and second heart field (SHF) Hedgehog (Hh) signaling, and we find that cilia mutations affect these requirements differentially. Dnah11avc4 did not disrupt SHF Hh signaling and caused AVSDs only concurrently with heterotaxy, a left/right axis abnormality. In contrast, Mks1avc6 disrupted SHF Hh signaling and caused AVSDs without heterotaxy. We performed unbiased whole-genome SHF transcriptional profiling and found that cilia motility genes were not expressed in the SHF whereas cilia structural and signaling genes were highly expressed. SHF cilia gene expression predicted the phenotypic concordance between AVSDs and heterotaxy in mice and humans with cilia gene mutations. A two-step model of cilia action accurately predicted the AVSD/heterotaxyu phenotypic expression pattern caused by cilia gene mutations. We speculate that cilia gene mutations contribute to both syndromic and non-syndromic AVSDs in humans and provide a model that predicts the phenotypic consequences of specific cilia gene mutations. © The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  5. [Posterior ventricular septal perforation successfully repaired through right ventricular approach].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takeuchi, Kazuma; Morishige, N; Iwahashi, H; Hayashida, Y; Teshima, H; Ito, N; Tashiro, T

    2006-12-01

    A 65-year-old man underwent a successful repair of a posterior ventricular septal perforation (VSP) 9 days after suffering an acute inferior myocardial infarction. After hospitalization, his hemodynamic condition gradually worsened, in spite of administering intensive medical therapy. Emergent operation was performed on the 4th day after onset. An equine pericardial patch was sutured around the VSP through the right ventricular side of the septum using the double-patch repair method and the right ventricular wall was closed as using the standard extracorporeal perfusion technique. The dimensions of the VSP measured 5 mm in diameter. Transesophageal echocardiography was performed on the 14th postoperative day. Cardiac catheter examination was done on the 18th postoperative day. No residual shunt was recognized and cardiac function was good. He was discharged on the 20th postoperative day. The occurrence of a posterior VSP is comparatively rare, and repair of VSP is difficult to perform during an acute period. Therefore, the operative results of VSP cases remain poor.

  6. Risk factors for unsuccessful lumbar puncture in children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Procter, C; Buys, H; Carrara, H; Thomas, J

    2016-12-01

    This descriptive study provides the first information on an association between the use of sedation and a reduction in the prevalence of unsuccessful lumbar puncture (LP) in African children of all races. Our hypothesis was that children who do not receive any procedural sedation are more likely to have unsuccessful LPs. A cross-sectional observational study examined LPs performed from February to April 2013, including details of the procedure, sedation or analgesia used, and techniques. The setting was the Medical Emergency Unit at Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa, and the participants all children aged 0 - 13 years who had an LP in the unit during the time period. Of 350 children, 62.9% were <12 months of age, the median age being 4.8 months (interquartile range 1.5 - 21.7). The prevalence of unsuccessful (traumatic or dry) LP was 32.3% (113/350). Sedation was used in 107 children (30.6%) and was associated with a reduction in the likelihood of unsuccessful LP (p=0.002; risk ratio (RR) 0.5 (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.34 - 0.78)) except in those <3 months of age, where sedation did not significantly reduce the likelihood (p=0.56; RR 1.20 (95% CI 0.66 - 2.18)). Unsuccessful LP was common. Sedation was not routinely used, but the results suggest that it may be associated with a reduction in the rate of unsuccessful LP. Unsuccessful LP may lead to diagnostic uncertainty, prolonged hospitalisation and unnecessary antibiotic use. Whether a procedural sedation protocol would reduce the rate of unsuccessful LP requires further study.

  7. Vascular closure devices for femoral arterial puncture site haemostasis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robertson, Lindsay; Andras, Alina; Colgan, Frances; Jackson, Ralph

    2016-03-07

    Vascular closure devices (VCDs) are widely used to achieve haemostasis after procedures requiring percutaneous common femoral artery (CFA) puncture. There is no consensus regarding the benefits of VCDs, including potential reduction in procedure time, length of hospital stay or time to patient ambulation. No robust evidence exists that VCDs reduce the incidence of puncture site complications compared with haemostasis achieved through extrinsic (manual or mechanical) compression. To determine the efficacy and safety of VCDs versus traditional methods of extrinsic compression in achieving haemostasis after retrograde and antegrade percutaneous arterial puncture of the CFA. The Cochrane Vascular Trials Search Co-ordinator searched the Specialised Register (April 2015) and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (2015, Issue 3). Clinical trials databases were searched for details of ongoing or unpublished studies. References of articles retrieved by electronic searches were searched for additional citations. We included randomised and quasi-randomised controlled trials in which people undergoing a diagnostic or interventional procedure via percutaneous CFA puncture were randomised to one type of VCD versus extrinsic compression or another type of VCD. Two authors independently extracted data and assessed the methodological quality of trials. We resolved disagreements by discussion with the third author. We performed meta-analyses when heterogeneity (I(2)) was studies (19,192 participants) in the review. We found studies comparing VCDs with extrinsic compression (sheath size ≤ 9 Fr), different VCDs with each other after endovascular (EVAR) and percutaneous EVAR procedures and VCDs with surgical closure after open exposure of the artery (sheath size ≥ 10 Fr). For primary outcomes, we assigned the quality of evidence according to GRADE (Grades of Recommendation, Assessment, Development and Evaluation) criteria as low because of serious imprecision

  8. Under Utilization of Local Anesthetics in Infant Lumbar Punctures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gorchynski, Julie

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Lumbar Puncture (LP is an invasive procedure frequently used to diagnose meningitis among the pediatric population. Neonates and infants have not routinely received local anesthesia prior to LP. Study Objective: To determine whether emergency medicine physicians and pediatricians use local analgesics on neonates and infants prior to performing an LP and to identify which local anesthetics, if any, were used. Methods: Prospective, cohort study of all infants, six months of age or less, that received an LP in the emergency department (ED or inpatient pediatric units for suspected meningitis during a period of year at a university tertiary care hospital. Results: A total sample population of 111 infants that received an LP within the study period. A control population of 42 adults received an LP. Only 40.4% (45/111 of the infants received local analgesia prior to LP: either 1% lidocaine, EMLA or a combination of the two. Infants were less likely to receive lidocaine or EMLA prior to LP compared to adult subjects (OR= 0.27; 95% CI0.12 to 0.62. No neonates that were less than one month of age received local procedural anesthesia by emergency medicine or pediatric physicians. ED physicians’ use of local anesthesia prior to LP increased with increasing age of the infant. The pediatricians in this study used local anesthesia prior to LP when the infant was at least five months of age. Discussion: The data objectively support recent literature regarding the under use or lack of use of analgesia prior to LP among neonates and infants. Local anesthetics should be used routinely without exception prior to performing an LP in the pediatric population.

  9. Secondary Tracheoesophageal Puncture With In-Office Transnasal Esophagoscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    LeBert, Brad; McWhorter, Andrew J.; Kunduk, Melda; Walvekar, Rohan R.; Lewin, Jan S.; Hutcheson, Katherine A.; Barringer, Denise A.; Hessel, Amy C.; Holsinger, F. Christopher

    2017-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the outcomes of voice restoration using office-based transnasal esophagoscopy (TNE) to guide placement of the secondary tracheoesophageal puncture (TEP). Design Retrospective chart review. Setting Two tertiary care medical centers. Patients The study included 39 patients who underwent the TNE-TEP procedure from January 2004 to December 2008. Main Outcome Measures Clinical, demographic, and TE speech–related data were recorded to examine the ease, efficiency, complications, and speech-related outcomes. Results Among 39 patients identified, the average age was 65 years (age range, 47–83 years), with 32 male (82%) and 7 female (16%) patients. Twenty-five patients (64%) underwent total laryngectomy; 8 (21%) underwent total laryngectomy with partial pharyngectomy; and 14 (36%) underwent microvascular flap reconstruction. The overall success rate of secondary TNE-assisted TEP placement was 97% (n = 38), with 1 unsuccessful attempt. There was no statistically significant correlation found between patients having undergone radiation therapy (either before or after oncologic resection) or a cricopharyngeal myotomy and successful TEP placement, type of reconstruction used to close the pharyngeal defect when compared with the difficulty in the placement of the TEP, development of complications associated with TEP placement, use of the TEP prosthesis, or speech intelligibility at the last follow-up visit. Thirty-one patients (79%) were still using their TEP prosthesis for speech at the last follow-up visit. Of the patients reviewed, 28 (72%) had understandable TE speech. Conclusions In-office TNE-assisted TEP placement can safely be performed, with excellent speech outcomes. Reconstruction with musculocutaneous or microvascular free-tissue transfer did not limit our ability to place secondary TEPs with TNE. PMID:20026814

  10. Paediatric post-septal and pre-septal cellulitis: 10 years' experience at a tertiary-level children's hospital

    Science.gov (United States)

    Craig, E; Al-Mahmoud, R; Batty, R; Raghavan, A; Mordekar, S R; Chan, J; Connolly, D J A

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To assess the incidence and complications of pre-septal (pre-SC) and post-septal (post-SC) cellulitis over 10 years. Pre-SC and post-SC are also known as periorbital and orbital cellulitis, respectively. Methods: Retrospective analysis of CT scans. Data included the presence of pre-SC and post-SC, paranasal sinus disease (PNS) and complications. Results: Among 125 patients scanned for these suspected diagnoses, 67 had both pre-SC and post-SC, 37 had pre-SC and 4 had post-SC; there were 17 normal scans. 110 patients had PNS. 68/71 (96%) patients with post-SC had PNS. Post-SC complications included orbital and/or subperiosteal abscess (50/71: 30 medial orbital, 10 superomedial, 3 lateral, 2 anteromedial, 2 inferomedial, 1 superior, 1 anterosuperior and 1 not specified), cavernous sinus thrombosis (CST) (1), superior ophthalmic vein (SOV) thrombosis (4) and subdural frontal empyema (2); 1 patient had SOV and CST and subdural empyema. Conclusion: 71/125 (57%) patients had post-SC. 50/125 (40%) patients imaged for pre-SC/post-SC had orbital abscess; 44/50 (88%) of these involved the medial orbit. Patients can develop solely superior or inferior abscesses that are difficult to identify by axial imaging alone, hence coronal reformatted imaging is essential. 5/125 (4%) patients developed major complications (SOV/CST/empyema), hence imaging review of the head and cavernous sinus region is essential. A diagnosis of post-SC on CT should alert the radiologist because this diagnosis can be associated with an increased incidence (5/71, 7%) of complications. Advances in knowledge: We recommend that all patients with a suspected diagnosis of post-SC should undergo CT scan (post-contrast orbits and post-contrast head, with multiplanar reformats and a careful review of the SOV and the cavernous sinus). Particular attention should be paid to exclude intracranial complications including subdural empyema and cerebral abscess. As soon as a diagnosis of post-SC is made, in

  11. Surgical septal myectomy or alcohol septal ablation: which approach offers better outcomes for patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poon, Shi Sum; Field, Mark; Gupta, Dhiraj; Cameron, Duke

    2017-06-01

    A best evidence topic in cardiac surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether surgical septal myectomy (SM) is more beneficial than alcohol septal ablation (ASA) in patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy. Altogether 218 articles were found using the reported search, of which 15 studies represented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. There were 14 observational studies and 1 meta-analysis study. The authors, journal, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes and results of these articles are tabulated. Surgical SM was generally performed in younger patients whereas percutaneous ASA was favoured in patients with advanced age and significant co-morbidities. In a large study comprising 716 patients, the reduction of median residual left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) gradient at 3 months was comparable after ASA (102 ± 52-10 mmHg) and SM (92 ± 39-9 mmHg). The New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class and symptomatic improvement for either approach was comparable. Findings from the meta-analysis study showed that patients who underwent ASA had a higher incidence of post-procedure device implantation (odds ratio 3.09; P < 0.00001), as reported in 6 other studies. The risk of permanent pacemaker insertion during follow-up (FU) varied between 2.4-12.5% in SM and 1.7-22.0% in ASA. Isolated surgical myectomy and ASA are safe and effective in abolishing outflow obstruction, although the resolution of LVOT pressure gradient is more complete with surgery. The post-procedural and late mortality rates between the 2 groups are consistently low and comparable in carefully selected patients. Nonetheless, ASA is associated with the increased likelihood of complications such as permanent pacemaker implantation, early sustained-VT and VF, and re-intervention. Overall, when performed by experienced cardiologists and surgeons, both

  12. Interventions on atrial septum under cardiopulmonary bypass and without aortic crossclamping

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ye. V. Krivoshchekov

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The study centered on the possibility of surgery on the atrial septum (AS without aortic clamping and cardiac arrest. We compared two groups of patients who underwent intervention on AS as the major or concomitant stage of surgical treatment. Nineteen patients were assigned to the main group; they were operated under CPB without aortic clamping and cardioplegia. The control group consisted of 20 patients, whose AS was surgically treated by using a standard technique with aortic occlusion. The groups were comparable by age and disease. The patients of both groups withstood the surgical interventions satisfactorily, with no mortality. The mean CBP time in the patients operated without aortic clamping was shorter than that in the control group patients (operated with aortic clamping by about 18-20 minutes. The major surgical stage time did not differ between the groups. The technique of atrial septal defect closure or its dissection on the beating heart without cardioplegia is safe, comfortable for a surgeon and allows saving time required for the recovery period. Besides, it does not cause myocardial lesion associated with cardioplegia.

  13. An association between left axis deviation and an aneurysmal defect in children with a perimembranous ventricular septal defect.

    OpenAIRE

    Farrú-Albohaire, O; Arcil, G; Hernández, I

    1990-01-01

    Conspicuous left axis deviation was found in two thirds (27 patients) of 44 children with a perimembranous ventricular septal defect, echocardiographic signs of apposition of the septal tricuspid valve leaflet, and an aneurysm of the membranous septum. In 10 patients earlier electrocardiograms did not show left axis deviation; this feature appeared when the aneurysm of the membranous septum was first seen on the echocardiogram. None of the 44 controls with perimembranous ventricular septal de...

  14. Novel targeted puncture technique for percutaneous transforaminal endoscopic lumbar discectomy reduces X-ray exposure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeng, Yuedong; Bao, Jie; Su, Jiancheng; Tan, Pingxian; Xie, Wei; Huang, Zheng; Xia, Hong

    2017-01-01

    The present study explored a method to reduce X-ray exposure dose and avoid targeted puncture complications in percutaneous transforaminal endoscopic lumbar discectomy (PTELD). A total of 66 patients with lumbar disc herniation were divided into two groups for a controlled study. In the experimental group, 31 patients were subjected to PTELD using a novel targeted puncture technique with application of a lumbar disc herniation target collimator. The remaining 35 patients in the control group were subjected to free-hand targeted puncture PTELD. The number of X-ray fluoroscopies performed intraoperatively, targeted puncture accuracy, visual analogue scale for surgical pain and Oswestry disability index of the two groups were statistically analyzed. The experimental and control groups exhibited a statistically significant difference in the number of X-ray fluoroscopies required during the procedure (P<0.01). The number of successful first targeted punctures was 27 (87.1%) in the experimental group and three (8.6%) in the control group, indicating that the puncture accuracy was higher in the experimental group than in the control group. As for the pain response to outer sleeve insertion (local anesthetic injection through the guide sleeve), the experimental group had 25 mild cases (80.6%), five moderate cases (16.1%) and one severe care (3.2%), whereas the control group had five mild cases (14.3%), 19 moderate cases (54.3%) and 11 severe cases (31.4%). These results demonstrated that the overall pain response of the experimental group was milder than that of control group. Due to a larger puncture deviation, the nerve root was touched by the puncture needle in 12 cases in the control group and resulted in one case of severe postoperative infection. In conclusion, the novel targeted puncture technique guided by a lumbar disc herniation target collimator outlined in the present study is able to markedly reduce X-ray exposure dose in PTELD and limit the surgical risk and

  15. Transcatheter closure of perimembranous ventricular septal defects in infants and children using the Amplatzer perimembranous ventricular septal defect occluder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thanopoulos, Basil Vasilios D; Rigby, Michael L; Karanasios, Evangelos; Stefanadis, Christodoulos; Blom, Nico; Ottenkamp, Jaap; Zarayelyan, Armine

    2007-04-01

    There are very few published reports of the transcatheter closure of perimembranous ventricular septal defects (PMVSDs) using the Amplatzer PMVSD occluder with encouraging initial results. This report presents initial and 1-year results from 54 patients with PMVSDs who underwent transcatheter closure at 5 different institutions with the Amplatzer PMVSD occluder. Sixty-five patients with PMVSDs were enrolled at 5 European centers. Eleven of the 65 patients did not fulfill the patient selection criteria at the initial echocardiographic evaluation or at cardiac catheterization. As a result, a total of 54 patients underwent attempted transcatheter closure using the Amplatzer PMVSD occluder. The median age of the patients was 5.1+/-3.6 years (range 0.3 to 13), and the median weight 18.5+/-10.3 kg (range 5 to 45). Devices were permanently implanted in 49 of 54 patients. Complete occlusion of the communication at 1-year follow-up was observed in 46 of 49 patients (94%). Main early procedural complications included (1) device embolization (2 patients), (2) severe bradycardia with hemodynamic compromise (2 patients), and (3) Mobitz II (2:1) heart block (1 patient). Late procedural complications included complete heart block (1 patient). No other complications were observed during follow-up. In conclusion, the Amplatzer PMVSD occluder is promising device that can be used for transcatheter closure in selected patients with PMVSDs. Further studies and long-term follow-up are required before this technique enters routine clinical practice.

  16. Radiographic evaluation of nasal septal deviation from computed tomography correlates poorly with physical exam findings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sedaghat, Ahmad R; Kieff, David A; Bergmark, Regan W; Cunnane, Mary E; Busaba, Nicolas Y

    2015-03-01

    Performance of septoplasty is dependent on objective evidence of nasal septal deviation. Although physical examination including anterior rhinoscopy and endoscopic examination is the gold standard for evaluation of septal deviation, third-party payors' reviews of septoplasty claims are often made on computed tomography (CT) findings. However, the correlation between radiographic evaluation of septal deviation with physical examination findings is unknown. Retrospective, blinded, independent evaluation of septal deviation in 39 consecutive patients from physical examination, including anterior rhinoscopy and endoscopic examination, by an otolaryngologist and radiographic evaluation of sinus CT scan by a neuroradiologist. Four distinct septal locations (nasal valve, cartilaginous, inferior/maxillary crest and osseous septum) were evaluated on a 4-point scale representing (1) 0% to 25%, (2) >25% to 50%, (3) >50% to 75%, and (4) >75% obstruction. Correlation between physical examination and radiographic evaluations was made by Pearson's correlation and quantitative agreement assessed by Krippendorf's alpha. Statistically significant correlation was detected between physical examination including nasal endoscopy and radiographic assessment of septal deviation only at the osseous septum (p = 0.007, r = 0.425) with low quantitative agreement (α = 0.290). No significant correlation was detected at the cartilaginous septum (p = 0.286, r = 0.175), inferior septum (p = 0.117, r = 0.255), or nasal valve (p = 0.174, r = 0.222). Quantitative agreement at the nasal valve suggested a bias in CT to underestimate physical exam findings (α = -0.490). CT is a poor substitute for physical examination, the gold standard, in assessment of septal deviation. Clinical decisions about pursuit of septoplasty or third-party payors' decisions to approve septoplasty should not be made on radiographic evidence. © 2014 ARS-AAOA, LLC.

  17. NMDA-dependent phase synchronization between septal and temporal CA3 hippocampal networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gu, Ning; Jackson, Jesse; Goutagny, Romain; Lowe, Germaine; Manseau, Frédéric; Williams, Sylvain

    2013-05-08

    Increasing evidence suggests that synchronization between brain regions is essential for information exchange and memory processes. However, it remains incompletely known which synaptic mechanisms contribute to the process of synchronization. Here, we investigated whether NMDA receptor-mediated synaptic plasticity was an important player in synchronization between septal and temporal CA3 areas of the rat hippocampus. We found that both the septal and temporal CA3 regions intrinsically generate weakly synchronized δ frequency oscillations in the complete hippocampus in vitro. Septal and temporal oscillators differed in frequency, power, and rhythmicity, but both required GABAA and AMPA receptors. NMDA receptor activation, and most particularly the NR2B subunit, contributed considerably more to rhythm generation at the temporal than the septal region. Brief activation of NMDA receptors by application of extracellular calcium dramatically potentiated the septal-temporal coherence for long durations (>40 min), an effect blocked by the NMDA antagonist AP-5. This long-lasting NMDA-receptor-dependent increase in coherence was also associated with an elevated phase locking of spikes locally and across regions. Changes in coherence between oscillators were associated with increases in phase locking between oscillators independent of oscillator amplitude. Finally, although the septal CA3 rhythm preceded the oscillations in temporal regions in control conditions, this was reversed during the NMDA-dependent enhancement in coherence, suggesting that NMDA receptor activation can change the direction of information flow along the septotemporal CA3 axis. These data demonstrate that plastic changes in communication between septal and temporal hippocampal regions can arise from the NMDA-dependent phase locking of neural oscillators.

  18. Intramural Ventricular Septal Defect Is a Distinct Clinical Entity Associated With Postoperative Morbidity in Children After Repair of Conotruncal Anomalies

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Patel, Jyoti K; Glatz, Andrew C; Ghosh, Reena M; Jones, Shannon M; Natarajan, Shobha; Ravishankar, Chitra; Mascio, Christopher E; Spray, Thomas L; Cohen, Meryl S

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND—Intramural ventricular septal defects (VSDs) are interventricular communications through right ventricular free wall trabeculations that can occur after repair of conotruncal anomalies...

  19. Excessive interatrial adiposity is associated with left atrial remodeling, augmented contractile performance in asymptomatic population

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yau-Huei Lai

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Pericardial adipose tissue had been shown to exert local effects on adjacent cardiac structures. Data regarding the mechanistic link between such measures and left atrial (LA structural/functional remodeling, a clinical hallmark of early stage heart failure (HF and atrial fibrillation (AF incidence, in asymptomatic population remain largely unexplored. Methods: This retrospective analysis includes 356 subjects free from significant valvular disorders, atrial fibrillation, or clinical HF. Regional adipose tissue including pericardial and periaortic fat volumes, interatrial septal (IAS, and left atrioventricular groove (AVG fat thickness were all measured by multidetector computed tomography (MDCT (Aquarius 3D Workstation, TeraRecon, San Mateo, CA, USA. We measured LA volumes, booster performance, reservoir capacity as well as conduit function, and analyzed their association with adiposity measures. Results: All four adiposity measures were positively associated with greater LA volumes (all P < 0.05, while IAS and AVG fat were also related to larger LA kinetic energy and worse reservoir capacity (both P < 0.01. In multivariate models, IAS fat thickness remained independently associated with larger LA volumes, increased LA kinetic energy and ejection force (β-coef: 0.17 & 0.15, both P < 0.05, and impaired LA reservoir and conduit function (β-coef: −0.20 & −0.12, both P < 0.05 after adjusting for clinical variables. Conclusion: Accumulated visceral adiposity, especially interatrial fat depots, was associated with certain LA structural/functional remodeling characterized by impaired LA reservoir and conduit function though augmented kinetic energy and ejection performance. Our data suggested that interatrial fat burden may be associated with certain detrimental LA functions with compensatory LA adaptation in an asymptomatic population.

  20. Sequential management of post-myocardial infarction ventricular septal defects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trivedi, Kalyani R; Aldebert, Philippe; Riberi, Alberto; Mancini, Julien; Levy, Gilles; Macia, Jean-Christophe; Quilicci, Jacques; Habib, Gilbert; Fraisse, Alain

    2015-05-01

    Ventricular septal defect (VSD) after acute myocardial infarction is a catastrophic event. We describe our multicentre experience of a defect closure strategy that combined surgery and transcatheter closure. Data were obtained by retrospective chart review. Twenty patients (mean age, 67 years) from three centres were studied. Median time from myocardial infarction to VSD was 6 (range, 3-9) days. Acute cardiogenic shock occurred in 12 (60%) patients. Median defect diameter by echocardiography was 18 (range, 12-28) mm. Median time to first surgical or percutaneous closure was 18 (range, 4-96) days. Twenty-seven procedures were performed in the 20 patients. Surgical closure was undertaken in 14 patients and contraindicated in eight, six of whom underwent percutaneous closure; the other two, after reconsideration, proceeded to surgical closure. No procedural complications occurred with percutaneous closure. Percutaneous closure patients were older than surgical patients (75 vs. 64 years; P=0.01) and had a higher mean logistic EuroSCORE (87% vs. 67%; P=0.02). Rates of residual shunt and mortality did not differ between surgical and percutaneous patients (P=0.12 and 0.3, respectively). Those who underwent early VSD closure (<21 days after myocardial infarction) had higher rates of residual shunt (P=0.09) and mortality (P=0.01), irrespective of closure strategy. The mortality rate was also higher after early percutaneous closure (P=0.001), but not after early surgery. Finally, predicted mortality (logistic EuroSCORE) was higher than hospital mortality (≤30 days) in our patient population (75% vs. 30%; P=0.01). Vigorous pursuit of closure of post-myocardial infarction VSD with a sequential surgical and/or percutaneous approach is recommended for improved outcomes. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS.

  1. Right bundle branch block and middle septal fiber block with or without left anterior fascicular block manifested as aberrant conduction in apparent healthy individuals: Electro-vectorcardiographic characterization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Acunzo, Rafael S; Konopka, Isabel V; Sanchéz, Rubén A; Pizzarelli, Norma; Wells, Fernanda Comas; Baranchuk, Adrian; Chiale, Pablo A

    2013-01-01

    Right bundle branch block (RBBB) evident in the precordial ECG leads may be associated with evidence of left bundle branch involvement in the limb leads. Any of the components of the left bundle can be involved, and this complex interventricular conduction abnormality has previously been described in patients with underlying heart disease. To analyze the electro-vectorcardiographic manifestations of RBBB with left middle septal fiber block (LMSFB), with or without left anterior fascicular block (LAFB) in premature atrial beats of patients without apparent structural heart disease. Twelve patients (8 men/4 women; mean age: 32±8years) with premature atrial contractions with this conduction abnormality were included. Surface 12 simultaneous lead ECG recordings and the corresponding vectorcardiographic loops were analyzed. The QRS complexes with RBBB and also LMSFB persisted for between 150 and 190ms. There were no q waves in lead I. The maximum spatial vector (72-86ms) was directed posteriorly, superiorly, and leftward, and the terminal forces were oriented anteriorly, inferiorly and rightward. In 10 patients, small q waves were apparent in leads V1-V2 and the frontal QRS axis was -60° and -70°, with the 46ms vector located at -50°±5. All of these patients most probably had LAFB in addition to LMSFB. In two patients, the initial electrical forces were directed anteriorly, inferiorly, and leftward, and the 46ms vector axis in the frontal plane was 6° and 11°, respectively, indicating absence of LAFB. The combination of RBBB and LMSFB occurring in patients without apparent structural heart disease may be related to the simultaneous occurrence of block of conduction through these components of the Purkinje network. The anterior fascicle of the left bundle may also be involved. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP)-granules: ultrastructure ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ANP) are present in the four regions of the atrial-auricular complex (two atria and two auricles). ANP-immunoreactivity was detected in all granules from the four regions. Ultrastructurally, atrial myocytes show the presence of very electron dense ...

  3. A new system for right atrial cooling

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Huybregts, Marinus A. J. M.; de Vroege, Roel; van Oeveren, Wim

    Purpose. Controlled hypothermia of the right atrium has been shown to reduce postoperative atrial fibrillation after on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting. A device has been developed that couples right atrial and nodal cooling with modified dual-stage venous drainage by circulating cold sterile

  4. Atrial fibrillation in patients with ischemic stroke

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thygesen, Sandra Kruchov; Frost, Lars; Eagle, Kim A

    2009-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation is a major risk factor for ischemic stroke. However, the prognostic impact of atrial fibrillation among patients with stroke is not fully clarified. We compared patient characteristics, including severity of stroke and comorbidity, quality of in-hospital care and o...

  5. Genetics Home Reference: familial atrial fibrillation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... to be associated with familial atrial fibrillation was KCNQ1 , which provides instructions for making a channel that ... atrial fibrillation ABCC9 GJA5 KCNA5 KCNE2 KCNH2 KCNJ2 KCNQ1 LMNA MYL4 NKX2-5 NPPA NUP155 PRKAG2 RYR2 ...

  6. Blocked atrial bigeminy presenting with bradycardia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akdeniz, Celal; Tanidir, Ibrahim Cansaran; Tuzcu, Volkan

    2012-01-01

    Blocked premature atrial contractions can cause bradycardia by resetting sinoatrial node and prolonging the RR intervals. Herein, we report the management of a patient with frequent premature atrial contractions in bigeminal pattern. The patient presented with symptomatic bradycardia and was successfully treated with propafenone. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  7. Genome-Wide Association Study of Down Syndrome-Associated Atrioventricular Septal Defects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramachandran, Dhanya; Zeng, Zhen; Locke, Adam E; Mulle, Jennifer G; Bean, Lora J H; Rosser, Tracie C; Dooley, Kenneth J; Cua, Clifford L; Capone, George T; Reeves, Roger H; Maslen, Cheryl L; Cutler, David J; Feingold, Eleanor; Sherman, Stephanie L; Zwick, Michael E

    2015-07-20

    The goal of this study was to identify the contribution of common genetic variants to Down syndrome-associated atrioventricular septal defect, a severe heart abnormality. Compared with the euploid population, infants with Down syndrome, or trisomy 21, have a 2000-fold increased risk of presenting with atrioventricular septal defects. The cause of this increased risk remains elusive. Here we present data from the largest heart study conducted to date on a trisomic background by using a carefully characterized collection of individuals from extreme ends of the phenotypic spectrum. We performed a genome-wide association study using logistic regression analysis on 452 individuals with Down syndrome, consisting of 210 cases with complete atrioventricular septal defects and 242 controls with structurally normal hearts. No individual variant achieved genome-wide significance. We identified four disomic regions (1p36.3, 5p15.31, 8q22.3, and 17q22) and two trisomic regions on chromosome 21 (around PDXK and KCNJ6 genes) that merit further investigation in large replication studies. Our data show that a few common genetic variants of large effect size (odds ratio >2.0) do not account for the elevated risk of Down syndrome-associated atrioventricular septal defects. Instead, multiple variants of low-to-moderate effect sizes may contribute to this elevated risk, highlighting the complex genetic architecture of atrioventricular septal defects even in the highly susceptible Down syndrome population. Copyright © 2015 Ramachandran et al.

  8. Failed septal extension graft in a patient with a history of radiotherapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kang, Il Gyu; Kim, Seon Tae; Lee, Seok Ho; Baek, Min Kwan

    2016-12-01

    This report describes the authors' experience of "melting" septal cartilage after placement of a septal extension graft in a nasopharyngeal cancer patient that had been previously undergone radiation therapy, and provides a review of the literature. Electronic medical records were used to obtain details of the patient's clinical history. A 32-year-old woman, who had previously undergone radiotherapy for nasopharyngeal cancer, visited our department to for rhinoplasty. Rhinoplasty was performed using a septal extension graft to raise the nasal tip (first operation). Five days after surgery, it was found that the septal extension graft was melting without any signs of infection, that is, the graft had softened, lost elasticity, thinned, and partially disappeared without any sign of infection at 5 days, and thus, the nasal tip was reconstructed with conchal cartilage (second operation). Five months after surgery, it was found that almost all septal cartilage had disappeared without any sign of infection, and thus, the entire nasal septum was reconstructed using 2-mm costal cartilage and an onlay graft was used for tip augmentation (third operation). After cartilage has been exposed to radiotherapy, its patency should be viewed with suspicion. Further studies are needed for determine the mechanism responsible for cartilage damage after radiotherapy.

  9. The natural history of pedal puncture wounds in diabetics: a cross-sectional survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    East Jeffrey M

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Surgeons usually witness only the limb-threatening stages of infected, closed pedal puncture wounds in diabetics. Given that this catastrophic outcome often represents failure of conservative management of pre-infected wounds, some suggest consideration of invasive intervention (coring or laying-open for pre-infected wounds in hope of preventing contamination from evolving into infection, there being no evidence based guidelines. However, an invasive pre-emptive approach is only justifiable if the probability of progression to catastrophic infection is very high. Literature search revealed no prior studies on the natural history of closed pedal puncture wounds in diabetics. Methods A survey was conducted via an interviewer-administered questionnaire on 198 adult diabetics resident in the parish of St. James, Jamaica. The sample was selected using a purposive technique designed to mirror the social gradient and residential distribution of the target population and is twice the number needed to detect a prevalence of puncture wounds of 14% with a range of 7-21% in a random sample of the estimated adult diabetic population. Results The prevalence of a history of at least one closed pedal puncture wound since diagnosis of diabetes was 25.8% (CI; 19.6-31.9%. The only modifiable variable associated at the 5% level of significance with risk of pedal puncture wound, after adjustment by multivariable logistic regression, was site of interview/paying status, a variable substantially reflective of income more so than quality-of-care. Of 77 reported episodes of closed pedal puncture wound among 51 participants, 45.4% healed without medical intervention, 27.3% healed after non-surgical treatment by a doctor and 27.3% required surgical intervention ranging from debridement to below-knee amputation. Anesthetic foot (failure to feel the puncture and sole of the forefoot as site of puncture were the variables significantly associated with

  10. [Lumbar puncture training using simulation-based educational strategies: Experience in a clinical pediatric residency].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vassallo, Juan C; Gouguenheim, Bárbara; Ghiglione, Analía; Bravo, Nélida; Prudencio, Carla I; Villois, Florencia; Abadie, Yamila; Zubieta, Ana; Golini, Carol; Villar, Victoria; Rodríguez, Susana P

    2015-12-01

    Pediatricians should acquire multiple skills during their professional training, including procedural skills. Skill acquisition requires knowledge on theoretical bases, direct observation and, lastly, supervised repetitive practice. Training using simulators allows to learn procedures in a controlled setting, ensuring patients' safety, integrating this as a learning stage prior to the actual contact with patients. Here we report on the teaching experience of a simulated lumbar puncture procedure. Training was provided to 112 first year pediatric residents who entered Hospital Prof. Dr. Juan P. Garrahan in the 2013-2014 period. Educational contents included communication with parents regarding the procedure, material preparation, compliance with biosafety standards, sepsis and general patient care, puncture and subsequent cerebrospinal fluid collection, and specimen collection. Strategies included, in a sequential order, the introduction of theoretical aspects using the bibliography and audiovisual resources available at the hospital's online campus and subsequent practice of lumbar puncture in a 3-month-old infant phantom on a lateral recumbent position that allowed to make a puncture and collect cerebrospinal fluid. At each training session, the level of confidence was measured before and after the procedure, and a checklist was developed to verify an adequate compliance with each step of the procedure. The simulated lumbar puncture training model has been introduced as an educational strategy of our Pediatric Residency Program.

  11. Egg puncture allows shiny cowbirds to assess host egg development and suitability for parasitism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Massoni, V.; Reboreda, J. C.

    1999-01-01

    Parasitic cowbirds and cuckoos generally reduce the clutch size of the hosts they parasitize by removing or destroying some of their eggs. Shiny cowbirds (Molothrus bonariensis) puncture their hosts' eggs both when parasitizing the nests and also when they do not parasitize them. We propose that, by puncturing the host's eggs, shiny cowbirds gain an informational benefit. They assess the degree of development of the host's embryos and so avoid laying in nests that would not provide enough incubation time for the parasitic eggs to hatch. Two predictions follow: (i) punctures should occur in advance or immediately before parasitic events, and (ii) the occurrence of parasitism should depend on the degree of development of the host's embryos when punctures occurred, i.e. on the stage of incubation. Both predictions are supported by our data of shiny cowbirds parasitizing yellow-winged blackbirds (Agelaius thilius). Egg punctures are not used to reset the host's nesting attempt when shiny cowbirds do not parasitize the nests. We discuss the potential mechanisms implicated in egg development assessment and propose a critical experiment to test this hypothesis.

  12. Simulation and training of lumbar punctures using haptic volume rendering and a 6DOF haptic device

    Science.gov (United States)

    Färber, Matthias; Heller, Julika; Handels, Heinz

    2007-03-01

    The lumbar puncture is performed by inserting a needle into the spinal chord of the patient to inject medicaments or to extract liquor. The training of this procedure is usually done on the patient guided by experienced supervisors. A virtual reality lumbar puncture simulator has been developed in order to minimize the training costs and the patient's risk. We use a haptic device with six degrees of freedom (6DOF) to feedback forces that resist needle insertion and rotation. An improved haptic volume rendering approach is used to calculate the forces. This approach makes use of label data of relevant structures like skin, bone, muscles or fat and original CT data that contributes information about image structures that can not be segmented. A real-time 3D visualization with optional stereo view shows the punctured region. 2D visualizations of orthogonal slices enable a detailed impression of the anatomical context. The input data consisting of CT and label data and surface models of relevant structures is defined in an XML file together with haptic rendering and visualization parameters. In a first evaluation the visible human male data has been used to generate a virtual training body. Several users with different medical experience tested the lumbar puncture trainer. The simulator gives a good haptic and visual impression of the needle insertion and the haptic volume rendering technique enables the feeling of unsegmented structures. Especially, the restriction of transversal needle movement together with rotation constraints enabled by the 6DOF device facilitate a realistic puncture simulation.

  13. Transorbital Cavernous Sinus Direct Puncture : Alternative to treat dural arteriovenous fistula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trivelato, Felipe Padovani; Manzato, Luciano Bambini; Filho, Paulo Moacir Mesquita; Ulhôa, Alexandre Cordeiro; Vanzin, José Ricardo; Abud, Daniel Giansante; Rezende, Marco Túlio Salles

    2016-08-09

    The authors present a retrospective series of their clinical experience in the treatment of cavernous dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVF) by direct transorbital puncture of the cavernous sinus as an alternative to the endovascular approach. Between October 2012 and September 2014, eight patients harboring cavernous DAVF underwent percutaneous treatment by direct transorbital puncture of the cavernous sinus at three institutions. All patients presented with ocular symptoms. Standard endovascular approaches, including transvenous and transarterial routes, were primarily attempted without success in all cases. Direct puncture was performed through two different approaches, namely inferolateral and superomedial. The entry point was the inferior and superior eyelid, respectively. Embolization was performed with coils or Onyx (Covidien, Irvine, CA). Immediate and late angiographies were used to evaluate the occlusion of the fistula. Of the patients seven had complete occlusion of the cavernous DAVFs noted on the immediate and follow-up angiograms and one patient had residual filling but reduction of the shunt resulted in clinical improvement. None of the patients had worsening of neurological function. One case was complicated by inadvertent internal carotid puncture but without clinical manifestations. One patient experienced postoperative superior ophthalmic vein thrombosis. In very specific cases, when endovascular access is not possible or fails to occlude cavernous DAVF, direct transorbital puncture of the cavernous sinus was shown to be feasible, safe and very effective.

  14. Fabrication of Bonding-Type Hollow Microneedle Array by Injection Molding and Evaluation of its Puncture Characteristics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ogai, Noriyuki; Sugimura, Ryo; Tamaru, Takuya; Takiguchi, Yoshihiro

    A microneedle array which consists from small needles compared to a conventional metal injection needle is expected as a low invasive transdermal medical treatment device, and many fabrication approach have been conducted. In this study, we fabricated plastic hollow microneedle array by a fabrication method based on the combination of injection molding, bonding and assembly techniques. To evaluate puncture characteristics of the fabricated needle, we measured a puncture force to silicone rubber by experimental equipment using loadcell and automatic stage. Furthermore, we propose and demonstrate a new method to measure actual punctured depth from punctured trace on the needle surface modified by O2 plasma treatment.

  15. Postoperative atrial fibrillation in patients with left atrial myxoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sahin, Muslum; Tigen, Kursat; Dundar, Cihan; Ozben, Beste; Alici, Gokhan; Demir, Serdar; Kalkan, Mehmet Emin; Ozkan, Birol

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the factors associated with postoperative atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients with left atrial (LA) myxoma. Thirty-six consecutive patients with LA myxoma (10 men, mean age: 49.3 ± 15.7 years), who were operated on between March 2010 and July 2012, were included in this retrospective study. Pre-operative electrocardiograms and echocardiographic examinations of each patient were reviewed. Postoperative AF developed in 10 patients, whereas there was no evidence of paroxysmal AF after resection of the LA myxoma in the remaining 26 patients. The patients who developed AF postoperatively were significantly older than those who did not develop AF (median: 61.5 vs 46 years; p = 0.009). Among the electrocardiographic parameters, only P-wave dispersion differed significantly between postoperative AF and non-AF patients (median: 57.6 vs 39.8 ms, p = 0.004). Logistic regression analysis revealed P- wave dispersion (OR: 1.11, 95% CI: 1.003-1.224, p = 0.043) and age (OR: 1.13, 95% CI: 1.001-1.278, p = 0.048) as independent predictors of postoperative AF in our cohort of patients. P-wave dispersion is a simple and useful parameter for the prediction of postoperative AF in patients with LA myxoma.

  16. Isthmus Dependent Atrial Flutter Cycle Length Correlates with Right Atrial Cross-Sectional Area

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kousik Krishnan

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Background: Right atrial flutter cycle length can prolong in the presence of antiarrhythmic drug therapy. We hypothesized that the cycle length of right atrial isthmus dependent flutter would correlate with right atrial cross-sectional area measurements. Methods: 60 patients who underwent ablation for electrophysiologically proven isthmus dependent right atrial flutter, who were not on Class I or Class III antiarrhythmic drugs and had recent 2-dimensional echocardiographic data comprised the study group. Right atrial length and width were measured in the apical four chamber view. Cross-sectional area was estimated by multiplying the length and width. 35 patients had an atrial flutter rate ≥250 bpm (Normal Flutter Group and 25 patients had an atrial flutter rate < 250 bpm (Slow Flutter Group. Results: Mean atrial flutter rate was 283 bpm in the normal flutter group and 227 bpm in the slow flutter group. Mean atrial flutter cycle length was 213 ms in the Normal Flutter Group and 265 ms in the Slow Flutter Group (p<0.0001. Mean right atrial cross sectional area was 1845 mm2 in the Normal Flutter group and 2378 mm2 in the Slow Flutter Group, (p< 0.0001. Using linear regression, CSA was a significant predictor of cycle length (β =0.014 p = 0.0045. For every 1 mm2 increase in cross-sectional area, cycle length is 0.014 ms longer.Conclusion: In the absence of antiarrhythmic medications, right atrial cross sectional area enlargement correlates with atrial flutter cycle length. These findings provide further evidence that historical rate-related definitions of typical isthmus dependent right atrial are not mechanistically valid.

  17. Cetirizine-Induced atrial fibrillation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Altuğ Osken

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Atrial fibrillation (AF is the most common observed arrhythmia in clinical practice. In the literature, AF events associated with drug induction are available. Cetirizine is a second-generation histamine antagonist used in the treatment of allergies, angioedema, and urticaria. We wish to present an atypical case who took cetirizine medication for relieving symptoms of upper tract respiratory system infection, experienced rapid ventricular response AF and treated successfully. To best of our knowledge, this is the first case of cetirizine-induced AF.

  18. Incidental Discovery of a Membranous Ventricular Septal Aneurysm in Two Dissimilar Patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abhishek Naidu

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available A ventricular septal aneurysm (VSA is a rare cardiac anomaly, and an accurate statistic of its prevalence has not been reported in the literature. True incidence is likely underestimated as most patients are thought to be asymptomatic. As a result, most VSAs are discovered incidentally on echocardiography, during angiography, or at autopsy. Potential complications include rupture, bacterial endocarditis, right ventricular outflow tract obstruction, and thromboembolic disease. It has been proposed that VSAs occur in association with ventricular septal defects (VSDs and other congenital cardiac abnormalities. It is uncommon for a VSA to exist in the absence of a known prior ventricular septal defect. We present two cases, each highlighting an incidental intact aneurysm involving the membranous interventricular septum. We discuss the contrast in the two patients with regard to their age, accompanying cardiac anomalies and cardiovascular fitness. Clinical implications of the condition are reviewed.

  19. Humeral septal aperture associated with supracondylar process: a case report and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paraskevas, George K; Natsis, Konstantinos; Anastasopoulos, Nikolaos; Ioannidis, Orestis; Kitsoulis, Panagiotis

    2012-01-01

    The supracondylar process is usually a beak-like osseous prominence located at the anteromedial aspect of the distal portion of the humerus. It is usually asymptomatic but occasionally may compress underlying structures such as the median or ulnar nerve, the brachial artery or its branches. The term septal aperture defines an oval or round shaped bony defect of the septum that separates the olecranon from the coronoid fossa of the humerus. It is of significance for surgeons because it may alter the fracture pattern at the region and thus their management. We present a rare case of coexistence of supracondylar process and septal aperture in a macerated left humerus. The reported incidence of the supracondylar process alone varies from 0.28% to 2.78%, while that of the septal aperture from 6.9% to 60%. We have reviewed the literature and emphasized the radiological and surgical significance of the findings.

  20. Effect of Institutional Experience on Outcomes of Alcohol Septal Ablation for Hypertrophic Obstructive Cardiomyopathy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Veselka, Josef; Faber, Lothar; Jensen, Morten Kvistholm

    2018-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The current American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association guidelines on hypertrophic cardiomyopathy state that institutional experience is a key determinant of successful outcomes and lower complication rates of alcohol septal ablation (ASA). The aim of this study...... was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of ASA according to institutional experience with the procedure. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 1310 patients with symptomatic obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy who underwent ASA and were divided into 2 groups. The first-50 group consisted of the first......), and a probability of repeated septal reduction therapy (P = 0.03). CONCLUSIONS: An institutional experience of > 50 ASA procedures was associated with a lower occurrence of ASA complications, better cardiovascular survival, better hemodynamic and clinical effect, and less need for repeated septal reduction therapy....

  1. Dronedarone for the treatment of atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maund, E; McKenna, C; Sarowar, M; Fox, D; Stevenson, M; Pepper, C; Palmer, S; Woolacott, N

    2010-10-01

    This paper presents a summary of the evidence review group (ERG) report on the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of dronedarone for the treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF) or atrial flutter based upon a review of the manufacturer's submission to the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) as part of the single technology appraisal process. The population considered in the submission were adult clinically stable patients with a recent history of or current non-permanent AF. Comparators were the current available anti-arrhythmic drugs: class 1c agents (flecainide and propafenone), sotalol and amiodarone. Outcomes were AF recurrence, all-cause mortality, stroke, treatment discontinuations (due to any cause or due to adverse events) and serious adverse events. The main evidence came from four phase III randomised controlled trials, direct and indirect meta-analyses from a systematic review, and a synthesis of the direct and indirect evidence using a mixed-treatment comparison. Overall, the results from the different synthesis approaches showed that the odds of AF recurrence appeared statistically significantly lower with dronedarone and other anti-arrhythmic drugs than with non-active control, and that the odds of AF recurrence are statistically significantly higher for dronedarone than for amiodarone. However, the results for outcomes of all-cause mortality, stroke and treatment discontinuations and serious adverse events were all uncertain. A discrete event simulation model was used to evaluate dronedarone versus antiarrhythmic drugs and standard therapy alone. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio of dronedarone was relatively robust and less than 20,000 pounds per quality-adjusted life-year. Exploratory work undertaken by the ERG identified that the main drivers of cost-effectiveness were the benefits assigned to dronedarone for all-cause mortality and stroke. Dronedarone is not cost-effective relative to its comparators when

  2. Atrial and ventricular volume and function in persistent and permanent atrial fibrillation, a magnetic resonance imaging study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Therkelsen, Susette Krohn; Groenning, Bjoern Aaris; Svendsen, Jesper Hastrup

    2005-01-01

    Left atrial size is independently related to cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, and atrial fibrillation (AF) is strongly associated with atrial size. Our aims were to report atrial and ventricular dimensions in patients with AF evaluated with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and to assess t...

  3. An evaluation of the Johnson-Cook model to simulate puncture of 7075 aluminum plates.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Corona, Edmundo; Orient, George Edgar

    2014-02-01

    The objective of this project was to evaluate the use of the Johnson-Cook strength and failure models in an adiabatic finite element model to simulate the puncture of 7075- T651 aluminum plates that were studied as part of an ASC L2 milestone by Corona et al (2012). The Johnson-Cook model parameters were determined from material test data. The results show a marked improvement, in particular in the calculated threshold velocity between no puncture and puncture, over those obtained in 2012. The threshold velocity calculated using a baseline model is just 4% higher than the mean value determined from experiment, in contrast to 60% in the 2012 predictions. Sensitivity studies showed that the threshold velocity predictions were improved by calibrating the relations between the equivalent plastic strain at failure and stress triaxiality, strain rate and temperature, as well as by the inclusion of adiabatic heating.

  4. An update on the evaluation and management of plantar puncture wounds and Pseudomonas osteomyelitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inaba, A S; Zukin, D D; Perro, M

    1992-02-01

    The management of children who present to the ED with plantar puncture wounds is dependent upon the nature of the injury, the examination of the puncture site, and the potential risk of a retained foreign body. Not all patients will require wound enlargement and a search for a retained foreign body. Close follow-up of all children who are being treated as outpatients is of vital importance in detecting an early development of an infectious complication. Pseudomonas osteomyelitis should be suspected in all patients who present with foot pain, swelling, and a decreased ability to bear weight after sustaining a nail puncture through a sneaker. The current consensus favors open surgical débridement followed by a course of intravenous antibiotics. The exact duration of the postoperative antibiotic course is still being debated.

  5. [Ethyl chloride aerosol spray for local anesthesia before arterial puncture: randomized placebo-controlled trial].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ballesteros-Peña, Sendoa; Fernández-Aedo, Irrintzi; Vallejo-De la Hoz, Gorka

    2017-06-01

    To compare the efficacy of an ethyl chloride aerosol spray to a placebo spray applied in the emergency department to the skin to reduce pain from arterial puncture for blood gas analysis. Single-blind, randomized placebo-controlled trial in an emergency department of Hospital de Basurto in Bilbao, Spain. We included 126 patients for whom arterial blood gas analysis had been ordered. They were randomly assigned to receive application of the experimental ethyl chloride spray (n=66) or a placebo aerosol spray of a solution of alcohol in water (n=60). The assigned spray was applied just before arterial puncture. The main outcome variable was pain intensity reported on an 11-point numeric rating scale. The median (interquartile range) pain level was 2 (1-5) in the experimental arm and 2 (1-4.5) in the placebo arm (P=.72). Topical application of an ethyl chloride spray did not reduce pain caused by arterial puncture.

  6. Topographical and quantitative distribution of the projecting neurons to main divisions of the septal area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haghdoost-Yazdi, H; Pasbakhsh, P; Vatanparast, J; Rajaei, F; Behzadi, G

    2009-06-01

    Septal area is a limbic structure that is involved in the regulation of several autonomic, learning-related and behavioral functions. Participation of this area in various physiologic functions is indicative of its extensive connections with different brain areas. It contains two major divisions: lateral septum (LS) and medial septum/diagonal band of Broca (MS/DBB). In the present work, we examined topographical distribution of projecting neurons to these divisions and quantitatively verified them. Horseradish peroxidase (HRP) retrograde tract tracing was performed. Our results show that about two-thirds of projections to the septal area terminate in the LS. They mostly originate ipsilaterally from the septal area itself (8%), hippocampal formation (38%), non-specific thalamic nuclei (23%), lateral pre-optic area, lateral hypothalamus, perifornical area and mammillary complex in hypothalamus (20%), ventral tegmental area, raphe and tegmental nuclei, and also locus coeruleus in brainstem (10%). Most afferents to the MS come ipsilaterally from the septal area itself (18%), hippocampal formation (12%), lateral pre-optic area, lateral hypothalamus and mammillary complex in hypothalamus (42%), ventral tegmental area, raphe and tegmental nuclei, central gray matter and also locus coeruleus in brainstem (20%). Some afferents to the septal area originate contralaterally from the lateral hypothalamus, supramammillary area, raphe nuclei and locus coeruleus. Afferents from the interanterodorsal and mediodorsal thalamic nuclei, which increase the role of the septal area in arousal and awareness, are reported for the first time. Projecting cells to the MS support the learning-related function of this area. Projecting cells to the LS that are more scattered throughout the brain indicate its involvement in more diverse functions.

  7. Nasal airway and septal variation in unilateral and bilateral cleft lip and palate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Starbuck, John M; Friel, Michael T; Ghoneima, Ahmed; Flores, Roberto L; Tholpady, Sunil; Kula, Katherine

    2014-10-01

    Cleft lip and palate (CLP) affects the dentoalveolar and nasolabial facial regions. Internal and external nasal dysmorphology may persist in individuals born with CLP despite surgical interventions. 7-18 year old individuals born with unilateral and bilateral CLP (n = 50) were retrospectively assessed using cone beam computed tomography. Anterior, middle, and posterior nasal airway volumes were measured on each facial side. Septal deviation was measured at the anterior and posterior nasal spine, and the midpoint between these two locations. Data were evaluated using principal components analysis (PCA), multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA), and post-hoc ANOVA tests. PCA results show partial separation in high dimensional space along PC1 (48.5% variance) based on age groups and partial separation along PC2 (29.8% variance) based on CLP type and septal deviation patterns. MANOVA results indicate that age (P = 0.007) and CLP type (P ≤ 0.001) significantly affect nasal airway volume and septal deviation. ANOVA results indicate that anterior nasal volume is significantly affected by age (P ≤ 0.001), whereas septal deviation patterns are significantly affected by CLP type (P ≤ 0.001). Age and CLP type affect nasal airway volume and septal deviation patterns. Nasal airway volumes tend to be reduced on the clefted sides of the face relative to non-clefted sides of the face. Nasal airway volumes tend to strongly increase with age, whereas septal deviation values tend to increase only slightly with age. These results suggest that functional nasal breathing may be impaired in individuals born with the unilateral and bilateral CLP deformity. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  8. Risk Factors for Delayed Extubation after Ventricular Septal Defect Closure: a Prospective Observational Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Divyakant Parmar

    Full Text Available Objective: The objective of our study was to determine the feasibility of early extubation and to identify the risk factors for delayed extubation in pediatric patients operated for ventricular septal defect closure. Methods: A prospective, observational study was carried out at our Institute. This study involved consecutive 135 patients undergoing ventricular septal defect closure. Patients were extubated if feasible within six hours after surgery. Based on duration of extubation, patients were divided two groups: Group 1= extubation time ≤ 6 hours, Group 2= extubation time >6 hours. Results: A total of 99 patients were in Group 1 and 36 patients in Group 2. Duration of ventilation was 4.4±0.9 hours in Group 1 and 25.9±24.9 hours in Group 2 (P<0.001. Univariate analysis showed that young age, low weight, low partial pressure of oxygen, trisomy 21, multiple ventricular septal defect, high vasoactive inotropic score, transient heart block and low cardiac output syndrome were associated with delayed extubation. However, regression analysis revealed that only trisomy 21 (OR: 0.248; 95%CI: 0.176-0.701; P=0.001, low cardiac output syndrome (OR: 0.291; 95%CI: 0.267-0.979; P=0.001, multiple ventricular septal defect (OR: 0.243; 95%CI: 0.147-0.606; P=0.002 and vasoactive inotropic score (OR: 0.174 95%CI: 0.002-0.062; P=0.039 are strongest predictors for delayed extubation. Conclusion: Trisomy 21, low cardiac output syndrome, multiple ventricular septal defect and high vasoactive inotropic score are significant risk factors for delay in extubation. Age, weight, pulmonary artery hypertension, size of ventricular septal defect, aortic cross-clamp and cardiopulmonary bypass time did not affect early extubation.

  9. Characteristics of myocardial postsystolic shortening in patients with symptomatic hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy before and half a year after alcohol septal ablation assessed by speckle tracking echocardiography.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiansong Yuan

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: Postsystolic shortening (PSS has been proposed as a marker of myocardial dysfunction. Percutaneous transluminal septal myocardial ablation (PTSMA is an alternative therapy for patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM that results in sustained improvements in atrial structure and function. We investigated the effects of PTSMA on PSS in HOCM patients using speckle tracking imaging. METHODS: Conventional echocardiographic and PSS parameters were obtained in 18 healthy controls and 30 HOCM patients before and half a year after PTSMA. RESULTS: Compared with the healthy controls, the number of segments having PSS and the average value of PSS were significantly increased in the HOCM patients. At 6 months after PTSMA, both the number of segments having PSS (10.5±2.8 vs. 13.2±2.6; P<0.001 and the average value of PSS (-1.24±0.57 vs. -1.55±0.56; P = 0.009 were significantly reduced. Moreover, the reductions in the average value of PSS correlated well with the reductions in the E-to-Ea ratio (r = 0.705, P<0.001. CONCLUSIONS: Both the number of segments having PSS and the average value of PSS were significantly increased in the HOCM patients. PTSMA has a favourable effect on PSS, which may partly account for the persistent improvement in LV diastolic function in HOCM patients after PTSMA.

  10. Long-term outcome of percutaneous transluminal septal myocardial ablation in hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy: a Scandinavian multicenter study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Morten Kvistholm; Almaas, Vibeke Marie; Jacobsson, Linda

    2011-01-01

    Single-center reports on percutaneous transluminal septal myocardial ablation (PTSMA) in patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy have shown considerable differences in outcome.......Single-center reports on percutaneous transluminal septal myocardial ablation (PTSMA) in patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy have shown considerable differences in outcome....

  11. Unintentional dural puncture with a Tuohy needle increases risk of chronic headache.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Webb, Christopher Allen-John; Weyker, Paul David; Zhang, Li; Stanley, Susan; Coyle, D Tyler; Tang, Timothy; Smiley, Richard M; Flood, Pamela

    2012-07-01

    Neuraxial analgesia is chosen by almost half of women who give birth in the United States. Unintentional dural puncture is the most common complication of this pain management technique, occurring in 0.4% to 6% of parturients. Severe positional headaches develop acutely in 70% to 80% of these parturients. Acute postdural puncture headaches are well known, but few studies have investigated long-term sequelae. We investigated the incidence of and risk factors for chronic headache and chronic back pain in parturients who experienced unintentional dural puncture with a 17-gauge Tuohy needle compared with matched controls. In a case control design, 40 parturients who sustained unintentional dural puncture with a 17-gauge Tuohy needle over an 18-month period and 40 controls matched for age, weight, and time of delivery were recruited by telephone and 2 validated questionnaires were administered assessing headache and back pain symptoms 12 to 24 months after delivery. The incidence of chronic headaches in the study group (28%) was significantly higher than in the matched controls (5%) (OR = 7, P = 0.0129). Subjects who experienced dural punctures were more likely than controls to report chronic back pain (OR = 4, P = 0.0250), but treatment with an epidural blood patch was not a risk factor for chronic back pain. Patients who incur unintentional dural punctures with large-gauge needles are surprisingly likely to continue to suffer chronic headaches. Treatment with an epidural blood patch does not enhance the risk of chronic back pain. The pathophysiology underlying these symptoms and the best treatment for this syndrome are not known.

  12. Percutaneous septal ablation for left mid-ventricular obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alioglu Emin

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Mid-ventricular obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (MVOHC is a rare type of cardiomyopathy. The diagnosis is based on the hourglass appearance on the left ventriculogram and the presence of pressure gradient between apical and basal chamber of the ventriculum on the hemodynamic assessment. Case presentation The present case represents successful percutaneous treatment with septal ablation to patient with MVOHC associated with systolic anterior motion of the mitral valve and obstruction at both the mid-ventricular and outflow levels. Conclusion Alcohol septal ablation has been proposed as less invasive alternatives to surgery in patients with MVOHC.

  13. Unveiling unusual features of formation of septal partition and constriction in mycobacteria--an ultrastructural study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vijay, Srinivasan; Anand, Deepak; Ajitkumar, Parthasarathi

    2012-02-01

    The ultrastructural functions of the electron-dense glycopeptidolipid-containing outermost layer (OL), the arabinogalactan-mycolic acid-containing electron-transparent layer (ETL), and the electron-dense peptidoglycan layer (PGL) of the mycobacterial cell wall in septal growth and constriction are not clear. Therefore, using transmission electron microscopy, we studied the participation of the three layers in septal growth and constriction in the fast-growing saprophytic species Mycobacterium smegmatis and the slow-growing pathogenic species Mycobacterium xenopi and Mycobacterium tuberculosis in order to document the processes in a comprehensive and comparative manner and to find out whether the processes are conserved across different mycobacterial species. A complete septal partition is formed first by the fresh synthesis of the septal PGL (S-PGL) and septal ETL (S-ETL) from the envelope PGL (E-PGL) in M. smegmatis and M. xenopi. The S-ETL is not continuous with the envelope ETL (E-ETL) due to the presence of the E-PGL between them. The E-PGL disappears, and the S-ETL becomes continuous with the E-ETL, when the OL begins to grow and invaginate into the S-ETL for constriction. However, in M. tuberculosis, the S-PGL and S-ETL grow from the E-PGL and E-ETL, respectively, without a separation between the E-ETL and S-ETL by the E-PGL, in contrast to the process in M. smegmatis and M. xenopi. Subsequent growth and invagination of the OL into the S-ETL of the septal partition initiates and completes septal constriction in M. tuberculosis. A model for the conserved sequential process of mycobacterial septation, in which the formation of a complete septal partition is followed by constriction, is presented. The probable physiological significance of the process is discussed. The ultrastructural features of septation and constriction in mycobacteria are unusually different from those in the well-studied organisms Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis.

  14. Unveiling Unusual Features of Formation of Septal Partition and Constriction in Mycobacteria—an Ultrastructural Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vijay, Srinivasan; Anand, Deepak

    2012-01-01

    The ultrastructural functions of the electron-dense glycopeptidolipid-containing outermost layer (OL), the arabinogalactan-mycolic acid-containing electron-transparent layer (ETL), and the electron-dense peptidoglycan layer (PGL) of the mycobacterial cell wall in septal growth and constriction are not clear. Therefore, using transmission electron microscopy, we studied the participation of the three layers in septal growth and constriction in the fast-growing saprophytic species Mycobacterium smegmatis and the slow-growing pathogenic species Mycobacterium xenopi and Mycobacterium tuberculosis in order to document the processes in a comprehensive and comparative manner and to find out whether the processes are conserved across different mycobacterial species. A complete septal partition is formed first by the fresh synthesis of the septal PGL (S-PGL) and septal ETL (S-ETL) from the envelope PGL (E-PGL) in M. smegmatis and M. xenopi. The S-ETL is not continuous with the envelope ETL (E-ETL) due to the presence of the E-PGL between them. The E-PGL disappears, and the S-ETL becomes continuous with the E-ETL, when the OL begins to grow and invaginate into the S-ETL for constriction. However, in M. tuberculosis, the S-PGL and S-ETL grow from the E-PGL and E-ETL, respectively, without a separation between the E-ETL and S-ETL by the E-PGL, in contrast to the process in M. smegmatis and M. xenopi. Subsequent growth and invagination of the OL into the S-ETL of the septal partition initiates and completes septal constriction in M. tuberculosis. A model for the conserved sequential process of mycobacterial septation, in which the formation of a complete septal partition is followed by constriction, is presented. The probable physiological significance of the process is discussed. The ultrastructural features of septation and constriction in mycobacteria are unusually different from those in the well-studied organisms Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis. PMID:22101845

  15. Estudio morfopatológico de 101 corazones portadores de defecto septal interventricular

    OpenAIRE

    Muñoz Castellanos,Luis; Martínez Asencio,Ma. Eugenia; Kuri Nivón,Magdalena

    2005-01-01

    Las diversas denominaciones y clasificaciones de los defectos septales ventriculares (DSV) motivó la realización de este estudio con el propósito de contribuir a la adopción de una terminología común y de una clasificación en la que se integren criterios morfológicos, topográficos y quirúrgicos. Se estudiaron 101 defectos septales ventriculares con el método secuencial segmentario de la colección patológica del Instituto Nacional de Cardiología "Ignacio Chávez". El septum ventricular (SV) se ...

  16. Repeat Lumbar Puncture: CSF Lactic Acid Levels are Predictive of Cure with Acute Bacterial Meningitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Burke A. Cunha

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available A common clinical problem concerns the utility of repeat lumbar puncture (LP in adults with acute bacterial meningitis (ABM, e.g., pneumococcal meningitis [1]. An LP is initially done for diagnostic purposes in patients with suspected ABM, i.e., diagnostic lumbar puncture (DLP. A repeat LP (RLP may be done 1–3 days after the initial DLP, if the patient shows no improvement. If a patient with ABM is not doing well after three days, adequacy of antimicrobial therapy is the main concern. Other reasons for RLP is to detect possible intracranial complications of ABM unrelated to adequacy of therapy [1–2].

  17. Pseudoaneurysm Leading to Necrotizing Fasciitis at the Femoral Arterial Puncture Site

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soo Chung Hong

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In this article, we present two cases of femoral pseudoaneurysm (PA at the femoral arterial puncture site followed by necrotizing fasciitis, which is rare but can be fatal when not managed appropriately. PA was revealed by lower-extremity angiography and color-flow Doppler ultrasonography. Hematoma removal, thrombolysis, and bleeder ligation with Gelfoam were repeatedly performed by a vascular surgeon. When necrotizing fasciitis developed, aggressive surgical drainage and creation of a viable wound bed for reconstruction were mandatory. We adopted a vacuum-assisted closure device (Kinetics Concepts International as the standard treatment for complicated, serious, infected PA of the puncture site. Excellent clinical outcomes were obtained.

  18. Arteriovenous Fistula after Femoral Artery Puncture Leading to Pulmonary Edema: The Role of Ultrasonography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jan Malík

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Local complications of arterial puncture include hematoma, pseudoaneurysm and formation of arteriovenous fistula (AVF. The latter could cause ischemia of the particular extremity or can be hemodynamically significant especially in patients suffering from congestive heart failure. We report a case of femoro-femoral AVF after thin needle arterial puncture for blood drawing. The development of this iatrogenic AVF led to pulmonary edema. The patient stabilized completely after surgical closure of the AVF. The AVF was diagnosed by duplex Doppler ultrasonography and this method was also used for estimation of blood flow through the AVF. We discuss the role of ultrasound AVF diagnostics and the method of flow calculation.

  19. Haemostasis and Safety Measures before Lumbar Puncture in the Haematology Ward

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Anders; Bjerrum, Ole Weis; Afshari, Arash

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND/AIMS: Thrombocytopenia and the increasing use and variety of antithrombotic drugs is a challenge prior to lumbar puncture. This study examined the Danish haematology practice regarding drug pausation, assessment of haemostasis and whether fundoscopy is a routine safety measure. METHODS...... performed in 4 (36%) departments. CONCLUSION: We report considerable variation in the routine handling of antithrombotics and thrombocytopenia in patients set for lumbar puncture in Danish haematology departments. The diversity may be explained by and related to different opinions in the literature. Common...

  20. Optimized IR-HARQ Schemes Based on Punctured LDPC Codes over the BEC

    CERN Document Server

    Andrianova, Iryna

    2010-01-01

    We study incremental redundancy hybrid ARQ (IR-HARQ) schemes based on punctured, finite-length, LDPC codes. The transmission is assumed to take place over time varying binary erasure channels, such as mobile wireless channels at the applications layer. We analyze and optimize the throughput and delay performance of these IR-HARQ protocols under iterative, message-passing decoding. We derive bounds on the performance that are achievable by such schemes, and show that, with a simple extension, the iteratively decoded, punctured LDPC code based IR-HARQ protocol can be made rateless, and operating close to the general theoretical optimum for a wide range of channel erasure rates.