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Sample records for atomica informe anual

  1. Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo informe anual 2005

    OpenAIRE

    Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo (BID)

    2006-01-01

    Este informe anual contiene un breve resumen de la situación económica de América Latina y el Caribe y un examen de las operaciones del Banco en 2005. El informe contiene asimismo una descripción por países y a nivel regional de las diversas operaciones del Banco - préstamos, garantías, financiamiento de pequeños proyectos y cooperación técnica -, una discusión y análisis de la Administración acerca del Capital Ordinario, los estados financieros del Banco, y los apéndices generales. Con el nu...

  2. Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo informe anual 2011: Estados financieros

    OpenAIRE

    Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo (BID)

    2012-01-01

    Este es el segundo de dos volúmenes que constituyen el Informe Anual del Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo (BID). El presente volumen contiene la Discusión y análisis de la Administración: Capital ordinario y los estados financieros del Banco para el año 2011.

  3. Annual statistical information 1996; Informe estatistico anual 1996

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-12-31

    This annual statistical report aims to propagate the information about the generation, transmission and distribution systems evolution and about the electric power market from the Parana State, Brazil, in 1996. The electric power consumption in the distribution area of the Parana Power Company (COPEL) presented a growth about 6,7%. The electric power production in the the COPEL plants increased 42,2% higher than 1995, due to the outflows verified in the Iguacu river and to the long period of the affluence reduction that the Southern region tanks coursed during this year. This report presents statistical data about the following topics: a) electric power energy balance from the Parana State; b) electric power energy balance from the COPEL - own generation, certain interchange, electric power requirement, direct distribution and the electric system 6 graphs, 3 maps, 61 tabs.; e-mail: splcnmr at mail.copel.br

  4. Informe anual sobre el medio ambiente y los recursos naturales 2003

    OpenAIRE

    Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo (BID)

    2004-01-01

    Este informe anual sobre el medio ambiente y los recursos naturales examina la acción del Banco durante 2003. En dicho año, el suceso más significativo en el campo del medio ambiente en el Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo (BID) fue la adopción en junio de su nueva Estrategia de Medio Ambiente. Por ello parte de reconocer que la calidad del medio ambiente y de la base de recursos naturales constituye el capital natural que sostiene el crecimiento económico y la competitividad en el largo pla...

  5. Informe anual sobre el medio ambiente y los recursos naturales 1998

    OpenAIRE

    Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo (BID)

    1999-01-01

    Este informe anual sobre medio ambiente y recursos naturales examina la acción del Banco durante 1998. Durante dicho año, el Banco continuó ejecutando el mandato establecido en el Octavo Aumento General de Recursos de 1994 acerca de mejorar la calidad ambiental de sus operaciones y la gestión del medio ambiente y los recursos naturales en la Región. Los créditos otorgados para el medio ambiente y los recursos naturales aumentaron en forma sustancial en 1998 en comparación con los tres años an...

  6. Spettroscopia atomica e processi radiativi

    CERN Document Server

    Degl’Innocenti, Egidio Landi

    2009-01-01

    Il volume si propone lo scopo di fornire al lettore i concetti fisici fondamentali che stanno alla base della spettroscopia atomica e dei processi di emissione e assorbimento della radiazione nei plasmi di laboratorio e astrofisici, coprendo argomenti fondamentali quali gli spettri atomici di atomi a uno o più elettroni, la quantizzazione del campo elettromagnetico, l'interazione fra materia e radiazione (trattata sia dal punto di vista classico che quantistico), le transizioni radiative, i fenomeni di equilibrio e non-equilibrio nei plasmi, la teoria del trasporto radiativo, l'emissione della radiazione di ciclotrone, di sincrotrone e di frenamento, e la diffusione Compton relativistica (trattata col formalismo della seconda quantizzazione). Il contenuto del volume e la sua impostazione generale, basata sui principi fisici, ne fanno un testo ideale per un insegnamento monografico semestrale, annuale o biennale (a seconda degli argomenti scelti) in un Corso di Laurea Specialistica o in una Scuola di Dottorat...

  7. Información del conocimiento organizacional a través de los informes anuales publicados en las páginas web de las empresas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tejedo Romero, Francisca

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Internet is a means of communication and transmission of information that has led companies to develop their business activities in knowledge-based economies. Knowledge has become the most important resource for creating competitive advantages, specifically the knowledge incorporated by companies into their processes, systems, culture, R&D, i.e., their organizational knowledge (Structural Capital. Therefore, Structural Capital disclosures by companies can improve their reputation. Thus, the objective of our work has focused on analysing the information on organizational knowledge supplied by companies in annual reports posted on their websites, as well as on its evolution over the years studied.Internet es un medio de comunicación y transmisión de información que ha dado lugar a que las empresas desarrollen su actividad en economías basadas en el conocimiento. El conocimiento se ha convertido en el recurso más importante para la creación de ventajas competitivas, en particular el conocimiento que las empresas han incorporado en sus procesos, sistemas, cultura, I+D, es decir, su conocimiento organizacional (Capital Estructural. Por ello, la publicación de información por parte de las empresas sobre su Capital Estructural puede mejorar la reputación de las mismas. Así, el objetivo de este trabajo se ha centrado en analizar la cantidad de información sobre el conocimiento organizacional que suministran las empresas en los informes anuales obtenidos de sus páginas web, así como la evolución sufrida en los años objeto de estudio.

  8. Revelation of the voluntary information about Human Capital in the Annual Reports Revelación de la información voluntaria sobre el capital humano en los informes anuales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Angel Villacorta

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available The Financial Accounting impedes the registration on behalf of the information on the intangible of the different companies. To attenuate this situation, many companies offer voluntary data on them in the accounting documentation. This work analyzes the voluntary information of the Spanish companies about the intangible, impacting in the place that they occupy inside the Annual Report. The main conclusion of the investigation is that the companies offer the voluntary information that more it interests them for their own motivations and, however, the users of the Financial Accounting need a wider and more comparable information on the Human Capital.La normalización contable actual impide el registro de parte de la información sobre los intangibles de las diferentes empresas. Para atenuar esta situación, muchas empresas ofrecen datos voluntarios sobre ellos en la documentación contable que ofrecen a terceros. Este trabajo analiza la información voluntaria que exponen las empresas españolas cotizadas sobre los intangibles no reconocidos en el Balance, incidiendo en el lugar que ocupan dentro del Informe Anual. La principal conclusión de la investigación es que las empresas ofrecen la información voluntaria que más les interesa para sus propias motivaciones y, sin embargo, los usuarios de la Contabilidad Financiera necesitan una información más amplia y comparable sobre el Capital Humano.

  9. EL INFORME DE AUDITORÍA DE CUENTAS ANUALES ADAPTADO A LAS NORMAS INTERNACIONALES DE AUDITORÍA EN ESPAÑA (NIA-ES)

    OpenAIRE

    CONTELL FONTESTAD, ALBA

    2015-01-01

    [ES] El objeto del trabajo final de carrera se centra principalmente en el análisis del impacto de las nuevas Normas Internacionales de Auditoría en el informe que debe realizar el auditor a la finalización de su trabajo. Para ello se lleva a cabo un estudio de cada uno de los párrafos que comprenden el informe y las situaciones que se pueden dar para que el auditor emite un tipo u otro de opinión, siendo estas: opinión favorable, opinión con salvedades, opinión desfavorable y opinión denegad...

  10. Annual Report 2000; Informe Anual 2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-07-01

    The Annual Report 2000 of the Technological Research Direction at the National Institute of Nuclear Research (ININ) of Mexico presents its activities during year 2000. It is described a work plan and budget for the exercise in 2001. The projects, services and work programs of those different management offices adscripted to this Direction were revised and evaluated. The Technological Innovation Management office is formed by two departments, the one of Control and the one Evaluation and Linking. The projects which form the Management office comprise: Neutron activation analysis, Environmental radiation surveillance, gamma spectroscopy, archaeometry, nuclear application studies and support to priority projects. The Radiological Safety management office provides internal and external services in matter of radiation protection and radioactive waste negotiation to fulfil with the applicable standardization. This management office realizes the link function with the National Commission of Nuclear Safety and Safeguards (CNSNS) as for the licenses, authorizations and permissions for nuclear and radioactive facilities and for those activities which are involucrated with the use of radioactive material and devices generators of ionizing radiation in the National Institute of Nuclear Research. The Nuclear Technology management office is composed of two departments: Chemical Analysis wherever analytical studies are realized to fulfil with national standards and international codes to providing services at different enterprises and the Reactor wherever an aging negotiation program is established for him (thirty operation years) which allows to mitigate or to correct those effects by aging in facilities. The Health Nuclear applications management office consists of two departments: Metrology which obtains the authorization from the Commerce and Industrial Fomentation Secretary (SECOFI) of the national standards of beta particles, neutrons and coincidences, as well as the certification of instrument calibration and radioactive sources services, personal dosimetry and metrology advisers services and medical physics in the presence of the Mexican Certification Entity (EMA-SECOFI). Radioactive Materials which has four functions: a) To realize research and technological development and to prepare the production programs and quality control of radioactive materials and accessories, b) To realize radioactive materials production services which are required in the Health, industry sectors supporting those ININ research projects and institutions that have been requiring, c) To propose distribution and transport mechanisms observing the Radiological Safety regulations and those of Health Secretary, and d) To supervise the facilities and equipment of the research and development programs, as well as those used in production and quality control of materials and accessories that fulfil with the established requirements in the Quality Assurance Program and those expedited licenses by the CNSNS and the Health Secretariat. (Author)

  11. INFORME GENERAL DE LA 56ava REUNION ANUAL DE LA SOCIEDAD AMERICANA DE ENDODONCIA REALIZADA EN LA CIUDAD DE ATLANTA-GEORGIA ENTRE EL 21 Y EL 24 DE ABRIL DE 1999.

    OpenAIRE

    Chavez de Paz Villanueva, Luis Esuardo

    2014-01-01

    El programa de la quicuagésima sexta reunión anual de la Sociedad Americana de Endodoncia fue, como todos los años,el evento académico mas importante encuanto a endodoncia se refiere y a la cual tuve el honor de asistir por segundo año consecutivo. El programa de la quicuagésima sexta reunión anual de la Sociedad Americana de Endodoncia fue, como todos los años,el evento académico mas importante encuanto a endodoncia se refiere y a la cual tuve el honor de asistir por segundo año consecuti...

  12. Las hipotecas y la tasa anual equivalente

    OpenAIRE

    Pascual, Francisco , impresor; Romero, Ana

    2005-01-01

    La mayor parte de nosotros hacemos uso de los créditos que nos ofrecen las entidades financieras para la adquisición de distintos bienes, sobre todo la vivienda. En este artículo pretendemos mostrar las matemáticas que se encuentran debajo de estas operaciones financieras, evitando en lo posible el lenguaje financiero. También introducimos el concepto de la Tasa Anual Equivalente (TAE) que nos sirve para comparar los distintos créditos, así como un programa para DERIVE que nos permite calcula...

  13. Remuneração de professores no Brasil: um olhar a partir da Relação Anual de Informações Sociais (RAIS Teachers' pay in Brazil: an outlook from the Annual List of Social Information (RAIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Dilnéia Espíndola Fernandes

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Apresentam-se resultados de pesquisa utilizando como fonte o banco de dados Relação Anual de Informações Sociais (RAIS, do Ministério do Trabalho e Emprego. O objetivo é verificar informações sobre remuneração de professores de ensino médio nas capitais brasileiras e, ao mesmo tempo, refletir sobre o potencial dessa base de dados para a análise. A opção por um recorte analítico relativo a professores de ensino médio deve-se à constatação de que, para o período compreendido entre 1996 e 2008, os dados sobre tais empregos estavam mais bem informados na RAIS, embora ela apresente certa irregularidade nas informações sobre o setor público. O período histórico selecionado deve-se à hipótese de que a política de fundos vigente entre 1998 e 2006, que priorizou o ensino fundamental, poderia ter efeito negativo na remuneração de professores de ensino médio. Para analisar as médias de remuneração, utilizaram-se o salário mínimo e o Índice de Preços ao Consumidor (IPC como indexadores que permitem comparação do poder aquisitivo no período. Este estudo exploratório parece confirmar uma relação negativa, esperada, entre a priorização do ensino fundamental via políticas de fundos e a remuneração dos professores de ensino médio; além disso, evidencia o afastamento entre a valorização do salário mínimo nacional e a política de valorização do magistério, e, finalmente, expõe fragilidades da RAIS para o trabalho com os dados de remuneração do setor público de forma desagregada. Todavia, a coincidência entre os resultados deste trabalho e de estudos que se debruçaram sobre outras bases de dados indica a pertinência da continuidade das análises.The text presents results of a research using as its source the Annual List of Social Information - Relação Anual de Informações Sociais (RAIS database of the Ministry of Labor and Employment. The objective is to investigate information about paying

  14. Banco Interamericano de Desenvolvimento relatório anual 2005

    OpenAIRE

    2006-01-01

    O relatório contém um breve resumo da situação econômica na América Latina e no Caribe e um exame das atividades do Banco em 2005. Contém também uma descrição das operações do Banco -empréstimos, garantias e operações não reembolsáveis-; Capital Ordinário: Análise e Discussão da Administração; as demonstrações financeiras do Banco e os apêndices gerais. Com o novo quadro creditício aprovado pela Diretoria Executiva em Okinawa, Japão, durante a 46a Reunião Anual, o Banco passou a contar com um...

  15. DOS COSECHAS ANUALES DE GRANOS Y FORRAJE VERDE CON SORGOS GRANIFEROS EN CORRIENTES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Héctor Mario Cenoz

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo los autores presentan los resultados de la investigación comparativa de variedades de granos de sorgo, incluyendo una variedad doble propósito, para determinar su adaptación a las condiciones ecológicas de la zona y su rendimiento en grano y forraje fresco en dos cosechas anuales. Los resultados muestran la clara superioridad de la variedad de doble propósito sobre las variedades de grano en grano y forraje verde en la producción anual (dos cosechas, pero la variedad Doble Enano tiene superioridad sobre las variedades de grano en el rendimiento (dos cosechas anuales. Cabe notar que las variedades híbridas del grano de sorgo no han superado a las no-híbridas.

  16. Historia del Premio Anual de la Salud en Cienfuegos. Una reflexión necesaria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Víctor René Navarro Machado

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento: el Premio Anual de la Salud es el máximo reconocimiento del sector salud a sus investigadores; constituye, por tanto, su evento científico más relevante desde 1976. Objetivo: exponer cronológicamente los hechos más relevantes en la historia del concurso Premio Anual de la Salud en la provincia de Cienfuegos. Métodos: se realizó una investigación histórica, entre abril-agosto del 2016, que incluyó una amplia revisión documental y la entrevista a informantes clave. Resultados: desde el año 1981, 42 investigaciones desarrolladas por autores cienfuegueros han obtenido premios o menciones nacionales en el concurso; desde 1996 ininterrumpidamente, todos los años se obtiene algún lauro. En el certamen provincial, entre 1998-2016, 274 trabajos se han evaluado por el tribunal provincial y se han entregado 121 premios o menciones. Ha existido estabilidad en el trabajo de los tribunales y varias personalidades lo han constituido por más de cuatro convocatorias. Conclusiones: la provincia de Cienfuegos tiene una rica tradición en la obtención de lauros en el Premio Anual de la Salud nacional; el evento provincial ha tenido calidad, fundamentada en la relevancia de las investigaciones y los investigadores, así como en la profesionalidad y apoyo institucional del concurso a nivel provincial.

  17. Muhlenbergia monandra (Poaceae: Eragrostideae, nueva especie anual endémica del Perú

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. José Alegría Olivera

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Se describe e ilustra Muhlenbergia monandra, endémica de Perú. La nueva especie se caracteriza por sus glumas mayores que el antecio, por tener inflorescencias espiciformes y las flores cleistógamas con un estambre. La anatomía foliar se describe e ilustra y se detallan sus caracteres diferenciales. Se incluyen observaciones sobre la epidermis de la lemma y las glumas realizadas con el Microscopio Electrónico de Barrido. Se discute la posición taxonómica de la nueva entidad y las diferencias con las especies anuales relacionadas que habitan en América del Sur

  18. Variación anual de las propiedades insecticidas de Peumus boldus sobre Sitophilus zeamais

    OpenAIRE

    Pérez, F.; Silva, G.; De Tapia, M; Hepp, R

    2008-01-01

    El objetivo del presente trabajo fue determinar la variación anual en las propiedades insecticidas de Peumus boldus Molina, en el control de Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky, bajo condiciones de laboratorio. El polvo de hojas de P. boldus se evaluó durante 12 meses, en concentraciones de 0,5, 1 y 2% (p/p). Se evaluaron 36 tratamientos con tres repeticiones, en un diseño experimental completamente al azar, con un arreglo factorial. Se determinó el porcentaje de mortalidad y emergencia de insecto...

  19. Efecto Impositivo y Tributario de la Reforma Contable. Especial Referencia a las Cuentas Anuales Consolidadas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enrique Corona Romero

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available El modelo contable español será un modelo dual como consecuencia de la aplicación de las normas internacionales de contabilidad adoptadas por la Unión Europea a ciertas cuentas anuales consolidadas. No obstante, el método del afecto impositivo de la NIC 12 es muy similar al regulado por las normas españolas, sin perjuicio de la necesidad de complementar éstas con una serie de precisiones y reglas adicionales en materia valorativa y de representación. El proceso de consolidación y las magnitudes consolidadas pueden modificarse (en determinadas cuentas consolidadas como consecuencia de la aplicación del indicado modelo dual. La modificación de las normas contables aplicables a las cuentas anuales individuales, utilizando el valor razonable y una nueva determinación de ingresos y gastos, puede tener incidencia tributaria, alterando el gravamen por Impuesto sobre Sociedades, salvo que se introduzcan nuevas normas fiscales que "compensen" los efectos que se producen en el vigente modelo de fijación de la base imponible. Las novedades que se introduzcan en las normas aplicables a las cuentas anuales consolidadas tendrían, en principio, un efecto tributario limitado. Palabras clave: método del efecto impositivo, normas internacionales de contabilidad, cuentas anuales consolidadas, Impuesto sobre Sociedades, diferencias temporales, diferencias temporarias, base fiscal. The Spanish accounting model will be dual as a result of the application to certain consolidated annual accounts of international accounting standards adopted by the European Union. However, the procedure for determining tax liability set forth in the IAS 12 is very similar to that regulated by Spanish standards, although these must be complemented by a series of specific provisions and additional rules on assessment and representation matters. The consolidation process and the consolidated amounts may be amended (for certain consolidated accounts as a result of the

  20. Preparación anual para baloncesto (Traducción

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gammal Abdel Zambrano

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo es ana colaboración del Licenciado Zambrano. Fue elaborado ronzo trabajo de clase durante su formación en traducción, pero tanto por la calidad como por el contenido se ha considerado de interés para la comunidad de educadores físicos. Debe aclararse que ha sido condensado por razones de espacio. La preparación anual específicamente diseñada para baloncesto alcanzó un nivel alto de sofisticación durante las décadas pasadas. Cada día surgen indicios que demuestran que este programa puede contribuir al mejoramiento del rendimiento y a reducir el potencial de lesión. Entre los principales componentes de preparación para este deporte se puede destacar la potencia anaeróbica (etapas I y II, potencia aeróbica, fuerza y potencia muscular, resistencia y por último la flexibilidad. El concepto de preparación anual emplea los principios de periodización sobre el trabajo y descanso necesarios para alcanzar un máximo desempeño y evitar lesiones. Aún así, existen algunos problemas particulares asociados a los varios niveles de competición que requieren monitoreo continuo por parte del entrenador con miras a maximizar la condición física y evitar el sobreentrenamiento.

  1. 1997 Annual report. Technological Research Direction; Informe Anual 1997. Direccion de Investigacion Tecnologica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-12-01

    This document describes the results for one year of work. Here is presented the goals of the Technological Research Direction of the National Institute of Nuclear Research in Mexico, which is promoting and developing the production of high technologies in the nuclear sciences and related disciplines as well as to generate the technologies, products, quality insume for academic organizations, health, industrial and commercial that are required. (Author)

  2. Centro Cultural del Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo informe anual de 2003

    OpenAIRE

    Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo (BID)

    2004-01-01

    Durante 2003 al celebrar su 11.° aniversario, el Centro Cultural del BID (CCN) expandió el alcance y elevó la visibilidad de sus actividades en Europa y la región mediante sus cuatro programas permanentes y nuevas asociaciones. El CCN y la División de Tecnología de la Información y Comunicación para el Desarrollo del Departamento de Desarrollo Sostenible (SDS/ICT) del BID organizaron un exitoso concurso de video para artistas de América Latina y el Caribe que se inauguró en Roma, Italia, cuyo...

  3. Annual Research Technical Report 2004; Informe Tecnico de Investigacion Anual del 2004

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alonso V, G.; Viais J, J.; Mendoza G, G.; Ramirez S, J. R.; Castillo M, J. A. [ININ, 52045 Ocoyoacac, Estado de Mexico (Mexico)

    2005-09-15

    In this work it plans to be carried out the Probabilistic Safety Analysis level 1 for the Modified Design of the IRIS Reactor. To generate computational tools of calculation of the analysis of the reactors of IV Generation and to optimize the use of nuclear fuel. To elaborate the economic analysis of the IRIS Reactor. (Author)

  4. Annual Research Technical Report 2002; Informe Tecnico de Investigacion Anual del 2002

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alonso V, G. [ININ, 52045 Ocoyoacac, Estado de Mexico (Mexico)

    2005-09-15

    To study the principles of reactors design of Light Water of IV generation, to look for collaborations to participate in the development of some of them and to generate computational tools that allow us the appropriate analysis of these reactors. (Author)

  5. Annual Research Technical Report 2003; Informe Tecnico de Investigacion Anual del 2003

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alonso V, G.; Viais J, J.; Mendoza G, G.; Ramirez S, J.R.; Castillo M, J.A. [ININ, 52045 Ocoyoacac, Estado de Mexico (Mexico)

    2005-09-15

    This report has among its objectives to carry out the Probabilistic Safety Analysis Level 1 for the IRIS inside the project of development of reactors of IV Generation. To generate computational calculation tools for the analysis of the reactors of IV Generation. To generate computational tools to optimize the use of the nuclear fuel. (Author)

  6. Risco anual da infecção tuberculosa no Distrito Federal (Brasil The annual risk of tuberculosis infection in the Federal District (Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria do Socorro Evangelista Kusano

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Estudar o risco anual da infecção tuberculosa na população escolar e residente no Distrito Federal, em 1997. METODOLOGIA: Trata-se de um estudo transversal, realizado com escolares das cidades de Ceilândia e Guará, no Distrito Federal. Foram estudadas 1.328 crianças. Para levantar a prevalência foi aplicado o modelo de ten Dam & Ritze e o risco anual, o método sugerido por Ruffino-Netto. O banco e a apuração dos dados foram executados utilizando-se o software Excel and SPSS 9.0. Na análise estatística, foram aplicados o teste do Qui-quadrado e o Intervalo de Confiança. Houve aprovação do estudo pela Comissão de Ética em Pesquisa e, foi solicitada dos responsáveis pelas crianças a assinatura do Termo de Consentimento Livre e Esclarecido. RESULTADOS: As proporções dos infectados e dos não-infectados pelo Mycobacterium tuberculosis nas duas cidades não diferiam estatisticamente (chi2=3,8416. Verificou-se que as crianças residentes, com idade de oito anos, apresentavam uma prevalência de tuberculose de 3,3% e, um risco anual de 0,42%, em 1997. CONCLUSÃO: Os resultados apontaram uma redução do RI no Distrito Federal. A partir dessas informações, a área pode ser caracterizada como sendo de média intensidade para a infecção tuberculosa e com tendência de melhora na situação.OBJECTIVE: To study the annual risk of tuberculosis infection among school age children resident in the Federal District, during 1997. METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional study was carried out among 1,328 eight-year-old students, living in the cities of Ceilândia and Guará, in the Federal District, utilizing the Dam & Ritze model to determine prevalence rates and the method suggested by Ruffino-Netto for the annual risk. The data collected was processed using Excel and SPSS 9.0 software. Statistical analysis included Confidence Intervals and Chi-squares. The study was approved by the Ethics Research Committee, which requested that the

  7. Efecto de cihalofop-butilo en el control de malezas gramíneas anuales en arroz de temporal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valent\\u00EDn A. Esqueda

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Efecto de cihalofop-butilo para el control de malezas gramíneas anuales en arroz de temporal. Con objeto de evaluar la efectividad del herbicida cihalofop-butilo en el control de malezas gramíneas anuales en el arroz de temporal cv Milagro Filipino, durante 2002, se condujeron dos experimentos en el municipio de Tres Valles, Ver., México. En ambos experimentos se utilizó el diseño experimental de bloques al azar con siete tratamientos y cuatro repeticiones: cihalofop-butilo a 180, 225, 270, 315 y 360 g/ha, propanil a 4.320 g/ha y un testigo sin aplicar. Los tratamientos se aplicaron cuando el arroz tenía una altura de aproximadamente 25 cm. Las malezas gram íneas presentes fueron el zacate de agua y el zacate frente de toro [Digitaria ciliaris (Retz. Koeler]. El control de malezas gramíneas anuales y la toxicidad del herbicida al arroz se evaluaron a los 15, 30 y 45 días después de la aplicación. Los mejores controles de los zacates de agua y frente de toro se obtuvieron cuando cihalofop-butilo se aplicó a 315 y 360 g/ha. Las diferentes dosis de este herbicida, no ocasionaron toxicidad al arroz. El efecto en el control de las malezas gramíneas por el propanil fue similar al de cihalofop-butilo en dosis de 360 g/ha durante los primeros 15 días después de su aplicación.

  8. Sistemas neurales de retroalimentación durante el ciclo reproductivo anual de la oveja: una revisión

    OpenAIRE

    Jaime Arroyo Ledezma; Jaime Gallegos-Sánchez; Alejandro Villa Godoy; Javier Valencia Méndez

    2006-01-01

    El ciclo reproductivo anual de la oveja es regulado por la amplitud del fotoperiodo. La señal luminosa se traduce en una señal hormonal a través de la síntesis de melatonina. La disminución en la duración del fotoperiodo induce la actividad reproductiva y el aumento en las horas luz, inhibe la actividad ovulatoria estral, la conducta de estro y la ovulación (anestro estacional). Durante la época reproductiva, la progesterona (P4) regula los ciclos estrales de la oveja inhibiendo la secreción ...

  9. Pongamos orden en los libros y las cuentas anuales de las sociedades agrarias de transformación

    OpenAIRE

    Mauleón Méndez, Emilio; Genovart Balaguer, Juana Isabel

    2016-01-01

    La normativa sustantiva de las Sociedades Agrarias de Transformación (SAT) presenta unas notables lagunas respecto a su régimen contable. De este modo, existen dudas respecto a los libros contables obligatorios y su legalización; así como del proceso de elaboración, auditoría, aprobación y depósito de las cuentas anuales. Por ello en este artículo trataremos en primer lugar los libros sociales y contables de las SAT, sobre la base de la normativa nacional y autonómica de estas sociedades,...

  10. Estabilidad de la estimación de la onda anual en escala diaria de la temperatura Estimation of the annual cycle of temperaure and its stability at daily time scale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Naumann

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available La elección del método de estimación de efectos determinísticos dentro de series climáticas es el punto de partida de la mayoría de los estudios sobre variabilidad climática. Este análisis es más sensible cuando se desea explorar sobre la presencia de fenómenos no lineales. Por esto, en este trabajo se analiza la robustez y estabilidad de diferentes métodos para estimar la onda anual en series de temperatura diaria. Se comparan distintos estimadores robustos y se muestra que el cálculo de la onda anual a partir de la mediana produce una estimación más robusta para períodos de información menores a 50 años. Sin embargo, para períodos mayores de información no se observan diferencias entre los distintos estimadores. Respecto a la persistencia de las series de temperatura se muestra que existe una dependencia entre el tiempo de independencia (To y el período analizado (existe una variación interanual de To que puede variar entre 3 y 7 días. Además se observa un mayor To si se considera el término no lineal de las anomalías, es decir el análisis de ésta componente conduce a estimar efectos más persistentes que se ven afectados por la pendiente de la onda anual. Se muestra la presencia de asimetrías en la onda anual de temperatura que en algunos casos son producto de interacciones no lineales entre la onda anual y las perturbaciones. Por ultimo, los procesos que muestran una mayor dependencia con la onda anual evidencian una mayor persistencia de las anomalías cálidas. Esto esta asociado a procesos advectivos lentos donde las masas de aire cálido permanecen durante varios días, efecto que se evidencia en mejor medida sobre la temperatura mínima. Por esto se propone que en general, la estimación de las anomalías respecto de la onda anual debe contemplar los efectos independientes (lineales y dependientes (no lineales de la onda anual.The choice of estimation of deterministic effect method in climate series is

  11. 31ª Conferencia Anual de IAMSLIC y 11ª Conferencia Bianual de EURASLIC, asociaciones de bibliotecas de ciencias acuáticas y marinas

    OpenAIRE

    Wulff, Enrique

    2006-01-01

    La biblioteca de pesqueras de la Organización de las Naciones Unidas para la Alimentación y la Agricultura (FAO), en Roma organizó el pasado mes de octubre del 2005 la 31 conferencia anual de IAMSLIC.

  12. Ex Post Project Evaluations 2004 Annual Report Title: Evaluación ex post de proyectos: Informe anual de 2004

    OpenAIRE

    2005-01-01

    The Bank's Board approved a new Ex Post Policy (EPP) in October 2003, which mandated two new tasks to OVE: the review and validation of Project Completion Reports and the implementation of ex post project evaluations. The scope of this report (RE-308) is limited to the ex post project evaluation task. It's overall purpose is to present the preliminary findings from the first year's experience in implementing EPP. The preliminary findings draw upon three themes: (i) the individual projects eva...

  13. Costo anual per cápita en primer nivel de atención por género Cost per capita in outpatients by gender

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    Enrique Villarreal-Ríos

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este artículo es estimar el costo per cápita anual por género en primer nivel de atención. MÉTODOS: estudio de costo realizado en Unidades de Medicina Familiar en México. La información correspondió al año 2004 y el estudio se dividió en perfil de uso y costo de la atención. PERFIL DE USO DE LO SERVICIOS: se estudiaron los registros clínicos de 1,585 pacientes adscritos a unidades de medicina familiar. El perfil de uso se definió mediante el promedio y los motivos de atención por departamento, género y grupo de edad. COSTO DE LA ATENCIÓN: estimado en dólares estadounidenses incluyó costo unitario fijo (departamentalización ajustada por productividad, el costo unitario variable (técnica de microcosteo, costo unitario por departamento y motivo de atención, y costo unitario por departamento, quinquenio y género. La esperanza de vida fue de 73 años para los hombres y 78 para las mujeres. Se identificaron tres escenarios. RESULTADOS: el costo anual per capita es superior en la mujer US $73.24 (IC 95% $11.38 - $197.49 que en el hombre $ 53.11 (IC 95% 2.51 - 207.71. CONCLUSIÓN: en primer nivel de atención el costo per cápita en las mujeres es mayor que en los hombres, información valiosa en el proceso de planeación de los servicios de salud.The objective of this study is to identify the annual cost per capita by gender in first level of attention. It is a cost study in Family Physician Units in Mexico. The information corresponded to the year of 2004 and the study divided in the use profile and cost attention. USE PROFILE OF SERVICES: it was studied 1,585 clinical registries of patients, use profile defined by average and attention reasons by department, gender and age group. COST ATTENTION: considered in American dollars it included fixed unit cost (departmentalization adjusted by productivity, variable unit cost (micro cost technical, department unite cost by type attention, and department unit cost by age

  14. Ciclo anual de la clorofila-α satelital en el archipiélago de Juan Fernández (33°S, Chile

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    Isabel Andrade

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available La variabilidad espacial y temporal del ciclo anual de la clorofila-α en el archipiélago de Juan Fernández se analiza usando ocho anos de datos satelitales de clorofila-α, viento, corrientes y nivel del mar. Este archipiélago está conformado por tres islas: Robinson Crusoe-Santa Clara (RC-SC y Alejandro Selkirk (AS. Las islas RC-SC se encuentran en una región de alta energía cinética y mayores concentraciones de clorofila-α definida como Zona de Transición Costera, en cambio la isla AS se encuentra en una región de baja energía cinética y menores concentraciones de clorofila-α denominada Zona Oceánica. RC-SC posee un incremento de las concentraciones de clorofila-a en el lado suroeste, mientras que AS posee sus mayores concentraciones en el lado oeste, indicando la presencia de procesos forzantes diferentes. En ambas islas el ciclo anual de la clorofila es significativo y comienza a incrementar en abril, alcanzando valores relativamente altos entre junio y noviembre, disminuyendo hacia diciembre, hasta alcanzar un mínimo hacia fines de marzo. Este ciclo anual aparece desacoplado con el viento y acoplado con la energía cinética. Incrementos invernales de clorofila-a aparecen vinculados con remolinos de mesoescala provenientes de la zona continental, mientras que incrementos primaverales se podrían asociar a procesos locales vinculados al "efecto masa de isla". En ambas islas existen incrementos significativos de la clorofila-a en la banda anual y cuasi-bianual, pero sólo en AS se encontró una fluctuación significativa en la banda interanual vinculada con el Nino y la Oscilación del Sur.

  15. Custo anual do manejo da cardiopatia isquêmica crônica no Brasil: perspectiva pública e privada

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    Ribeiro Rodrigo A.

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Estimar o custo anual do manejo da doença arterial coronária (DAC em valores do SUS e convênios. MÉTODOS: Estudo de coorte, incluindo pacientes ambulatoriais com DAC comprovada. Considerou-se para estimar custos diretos: consultas, exames, procedimentos, internações e medicamentos. Valores de consultas e exames foram obtidos da tabela SUS e da Lista de Procedimentos Médicos (LPM. Valores de eventos cardiovasculares foram obtidos de internações em hospital público e privado com estas classificações diagnósticas em 2002. O preço dos fármacos utilizado foi o de menor custo no mercado. RESULTADOS: Os 147 pacientes (65?12 anos, 63% homens, 69% hipertensos, 35% diabéticos e 59% com IAM prévio tiveram acompanhamento médio de 24?8 meses. O custo anual médio estimado por paciente foi de R$ 2.733,00, pelo SUS, e R$ 6.788,00, para convênios. O gasto com medicamentos ($ 1.154,00 representou 80% e 55% dos custos ambulatoriais, e 41% e 17% dos gastos totais, pelo SUS e para convênios, respectivamente. A ocorrência de evento cardiovascular teve grande impacto (R$ 4.626,00 vs. R$ 1.312,00, pelo SUS, e R$ 13.453,00 vs. R$ 1.789,00, para convênios, p<0,01. CONCLUSÃO: O custo médio anual do manejo da DAC foi elevado, sendo o tratamento farmacológico o principal determinante dos custos públicos. Essas estimativas podem subsidiar análises econômicas nesta área, sendo úteis para nortear políticas de saúde pública.

  16. CICLO DE POSTURA ex situ DE Trachemys scripta ornata (Reptilia: Testudines: Emydidae EN RELACION CON RÉGIMEN CLIMÁTICO ANUAL

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    JAIME RAMÍREZ-PERILLA

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available 96% de la postura anual de Trachemys scripta ornata sucede entre los meses de noviem- bre hasta marzo con frecuencias máximas de oviposición en diciembre (34% y enero (23% correspondientes al período seco del año. No existe asociación (correlación de Pearson entre porcentaje de posturas promedio/mes vs. precipitación, humedad relativa o temperatura (ρ = -0,23; ρ = -0,08; ρ = 0,02 pero es positiva en relación con horas luz/día (ρ = 0,42.

  17. CARACTERIZACIÓN AGROMORFOLOGICA Y CONTENIDO EN ADN NUCLEAR EN ACCESIONES DE CUATRO ESPECIES DE MEDICAGOS ANUALES DEL NORTE DE ESPAÑA

    OpenAIRE

    Oliveira Prendes, J. A.; AFIF KHOURI, E.

    2012-01-01

    Dieciséis accesiones anuales y autógamas de cuatro especies del género Medicago procedentes del norte de España se caracterizaron durante dos años (2008 y 2009) en un diseño por bloques aleatorizados completos con tres repeticiones de 10 plantas por accesión (en total 30 plantas por accesión). El cv Santiago de Medicago polymorpha y la accesión 3710 de Medicago arábica se incluyeron como testigos en el estudio. Todas las accesiones y los testigos se evaluaron mediante nueve caracteres agromor...

  18. RECONSTRUCCIÓN DE PRECIPITACIÓN INVIERNO-PRIMAVERA CON ANILLOS ANUALES DE Pinus douglasiana EN LA RESERVA DE LA BIOSFERA SIERRA DE MANANTLÁN, JALISCO

    OpenAIRE

    Julián Cerano-Paredes; Jorge Méndez-González; Abihail Amaro-Sánchez; José Villanueva-Díaz; Rosalinda Cervantes-Martínez; Ernesto A. Rubio-Camacho

    2013-01-01

    Se reconstruyó la precipitación invierno-primavera de 219 años (1792-2010) de la Reserva de la Biosfera Sierra de Manantlán (RBSM), Jalisco, México, empleando los anillos anuales de Pinus douglasiana (Mtz.) como proxy. La sequía de mediados del siglo XX (1941-1963) fue la más severa del periodo estudiado. El índice multivariado de El Niño Oscilación del Sur (ENSO; 1959-2010) y el índice de ancho del anillo de P. douglasiana mostraron correlación significativa (r = 0.4542; P 0.05) de los mese...

  19. Aspectos hidro-limnologicos en las ciénagas de chucuri y aguas negras (Magdalena medio, Colombia durante un ciclo anual

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    García Lozano Luis Carlos

    1989-06-01

    Full Text Available El presente estudio analiza caracteristicas hídrológicas-limnológicas de la estructura y funcionamiento de las ciénagas de Chucuri y Aguas Negras localizadas en la planicie aluvial del Valle Medio del río Magdalena. Se basa en seguimientos bimensuales en diez estaciones de muestreo. durante el ciclo anual: abril de 1983 a marzo de 1984. Se resalta la presencia de dos estadios definidos asociados al régimen de inundación y sequía con rasgos caracteristicos en la comunidad fitoplanctónica: abundancia. diversidad. distribución espacio-temporal y productividad primaria; en los parámetros fisico-químicos: oxígeno disuelto. temperatura. conductividad. pH y transparencia del agua; y en los principales nutrientes: fosfatos. sulfatos. nitratos y amonio.

  20. Aspectos hidro-limnológicos en las ciénagas de Chucuri y Aguas Negras (Magdalena Medio, Colombia durante un ciclo anual

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García Lozano Luis Carlos

    1989-06-01

    Full Text Available

    El presente estudio analiza características hrdrológicas-limnológicas de la estructura y funcionamiento de las ciénagas de Chucuri y Aguas Negras localizadas en la planicie aluvial del Valle Medio del rio Magdalena. Se basa en seguimientos bimensuales en diez estaciones de muestreo, durante el ciclo anual: abril de 1983 a marzo de 1984. Se resalta la presencia de dos estadios definidos asociados al régimen de inundación y sequia con rasgos característicos en la comunidad fitoplanctónica: abundancia, diversidad, distribución espacio-temporal y productividad primaria: en los parámetros físico-químicos: oxígeno disuelto, temperatura, conductividad, pH y transparencia del agua: y en los principales nutrientes: fosfatos, sulfatos, nitratos y amonio.

  1. Variación anual de la biomasa de Nymphoides fallax Ornduff (Menyanthaceae en la Laguna de Tecocomulco, Hidalgo, México

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    Agustin Quiroz-Flores

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Durante un ciclo anual se cuantificó la variación en la estratifi cación vertical de la biomasa deNymphoides fallaxy se analizaron las variables físicas y químicas del agua y sedimentos de la laguna de Tecocomulco, Hidalgo. La producción anual neta de N. fallax fue de 3 070.1 g PS m2. En el mes de junio la biomasa alcanzó su máximo (958.4 g PS m2 . La contribución de biomasa foliar de N. fallax a la proporción total de biomasa representa el 10%, la de peciolos alcanza el 40% y la contribución de biomasa subterránea equivale en ocasiones a más del 50%. El nivel de fósforo en los sedimentos se encuentra por arriba de la cantidad necesaria para sostener la producción vegetal (= 0.04%. Por los resultados obtenidos en este estudio, se puede señalar que en aquellas zonas ribereñas de la laguna en donde los agricultores han construido bordos, se propicia que durante la época de lluvias la columna de agua cambie bruscamente sus dimensiones pasando de 10 cm hasta alcanzar los 75 cm de profundidad y se eleven los niveles de fósforo en agua y sedimentos, lo que a su vez induce queNymphoides fallaxse vea estresada, y en un caso extremo, temporalmente sea sustituida por aquellas especies mejor adaptadas a las nuevas condiciones físicas y químicas del medio.

  2. Informe Tebeosfera 2014. La industria de la historieta en España en 2014

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    Manuel Barrero

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Informe anual de la Asociación Cultural Tebeosfera (ACyT sobre la industria española del cómic, realizado con los datos del Gran catálogo de la historieta, sobre los tebeos distribuidos en España en 2014. Anual report of the Tebeosfera Cultural Association (ACyT about the Spanish comics industry, based on the data from the Gran Catálogo de la Historieta (Spanish greatest comics catalog for all the titles distributed in Spain in 2014.

  3. Informe Tebeosfera 2015. La industria de la historieta en España en 2015

    OpenAIRE

    Manuel Barrero; Felix Lopez

    2016-01-01

    Informe anual de la Asociación Cultural Tebeosfera (ACyT) sobre la industria española del cómic, realizado con los datos del Gran catálogo de la historieta, sobre los tebeos distribuidos en España en 2015. Anual report of the Tebeosfera Cultural Association (ACyT) about the Spanish comics industry, based on the data from the Gran catálogo de la historieta (the main comics catalog in Spain) for all the titles distributed in Spain in 2015.

  4. Informe Tebeosfera 2015. La industria de la historieta en España en 2015

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Barrero

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Informe anual de la Asociación Cultural Tebeosfera (ACyT sobre la industria española del cómic, realizado con los datos del Gran catálogo de la historieta, sobre los tebeos distribuidos en España en 2015. Anual report of the Tebeosfera Cultural Association (ACyT about the Spanish comics industry, based on the data from the Gran catálogo de la historieta (the main comics catalog in Spain for all the titles distributed in Spain in 2015.

  5. RISCUL DE LICHIDITATE SI IMPACTUL ACESTUIA ASUPRA INFORMATIILOR PREZENTATE IN SITUATIILE FINANCIARE ANUALE ALE INSTITUTIILOR DE CREDIT

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    Ciprian-Dan Costea

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The last years are known as crisis years, but according to different researches and authors,there is not a clear difference between the types tipe of crisis the economy was facing:financial, economical, liquidity crisis. The banking sector was facing difficult businessmoments and many bankers defined this period as a liquidity-connected turbulence period,with a strong manifestation of the liquidity risk. This framework tries an approach of theimpact of the liquidity risk on the information presented in the Financial Statements of thecredit institutions and of the liquidity risk management in the Romanian banking sector.

  6. Variáveis morfogênicas e estruturais de azevém anual (Lolium multiflorum Lam. manejado em diferentes alturas

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    Pontes Laíse da Silveira

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Variáveis morfogênicas e estruturais foram quantificadas a partir da técnica de "perfilhos marcados" no período de agosto a outubro de 1999 numa pastagem de azevém anual, mantida em quatro diferentes alturas (5, 10, 15 e 20 cm através de lotação contínua em carga variável com ovinos. O delineamento experimental foi o de blocos completos casualizados com três repetições. Utilizaram-se 50 perfilhos marcados por unidade experimental, distribuídos ao longo de transectas. As observações foram efetuadas em dois períodos: no primeiro, da entrada dos animais até a obtenção das alturas pretendidas, não se observaram diferenças entre os tratamentos. No segundo (fase de estabilização das alturas pretendidas, a taxa de elongação foliar, o comprimento da lâmina verde total por perfilho e o tamanho das folhas apresentaram resposta positiva frente a maiores alturas de manejo, enquanto o tempo de elongação da lâmina foliar diminui com a altura. As variáveis taxa de surgimento de folhas, tempo de vida das folhas, densidade populacional de perfilhos e número de folhas vivas por perfilho não foram afetadas pelos tratamentos.

  7. Estudio de Aplicación del Análisis Regional de Frecuencias Basado en L-Momentos al Caso de las Precipitaciones Anuales en la Provincia de Camagüey, Cuba

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    Raidel Báez Prieto

    Full Text Available Resumen En esta investigación se presenta un caso de estudio de aplicación del procedimiento conocido como Análisis Regional de Frecuencias basado en L-momentos, al estudio de las precipitaciones anuales en la provincia de Camagüey, Cuba. Se ha adoptado la mencionada metodología por ser un procedimiento estadísticamente robusto para compensar la carencia de registros históricos de larga data por su abundancia en el área de estudio. La aplicación de la metodología permitió la estimación de las probabilidades y períodos de retornos de las precipitaciones anuales (cuantil de interés así como la obtención de mapas de frecuencia.

  8. Sequías en el sur de la península de Yucatán: análisis de la variabilidad anual y estacional de la precipitación

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    Sofía Márdero

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Este estudio analiza la variabilidad espacial y temporal de la precipitación en el sur de la península de Yucatána través de anomalías y tendencias de la precipitación anual y estacional y la ocurrencia de sequías meteorológicas, empleando datos de lluvia de nueve estaciones meteorológicapara el periodo de 1953-2007. Utilizando tendencias de regresión lineal anuales y estacionales se analizó el aumento o la disminución de las precipitaciones durante este periodo. Las anomalías de precipitación permitieron evaluar la estabilidad, el déficit o superávit de precipitación paracada año, y el método quintil permitió la clasificación de la intensidad de las sequías meteorológicas. Los resultados muestran una considerable variabilidad espacial y temporal, con mayores valores de precipitación y anomalías en la costa,que van disminuyendo gradualmente hacia el Centro-Oeste del área en estudio. Durante este periodo hay una disminucióde la precipitación anual y de la estación húmeda, en gran parte de la zona la cual alcanza una disminución de 12 mm anuales (estación Chachobben. Estaciones comoZoh Laguna Campeche muestran claramente un aumento en los años de sequía (desde leve hasta extrema a partir de 1985 principalmente. Este estudio contribuye a un mejorconocimiento de la variación regional de la precipitación y sus posibles vínculos con el Cambio Climático a escalaregional y global.

  9. Análisis fractal de la precipitación anual en el este de la Provincia de La Pampa, Argentina

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    Silvia P. Pérez

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available El este de la Provincia de La Pampa (Argentina se ubica en la franja de transición entre el área sudoccidental de la Región Pampeana, para la cual el documento oficial del Panel Intergubernamental de Cambio Climático (IPCC proyecta un descenso en las precipitaciones de entre 10 a un 20 %, y el área nordeste, para la cual proyecta un ascenso de entre un 10 a un 20 %. Con la finalidad de determinar en cuál de las dos tendencias se encuentra comprendido el este de la Provincia de La Pampa (Argentina se estudió la dimensión fractal de 10 series de precipitación anual de la zona aplicando el coeficiente de Hurst (H, a fin de determinar si las mismas muestran persistencia, y se evaluó, por medio de la prueba de Mann Kendall cuáles fueron la significación y signo de las tendencias observadas. Los resultados confirman que la precipitación anual en el este de la Provincia de La Pampa, Argentina puede ser caracterizada a través de su dimensión fractal, alcanzando valores de dimensión fractal D cercanos a 1, que corroboran un alto nivel de persistencia. Las tendencias positivas estadísticamente significativas a muy significativas exhibidas por todas las localidades utilizadas indican que el régimen de precipitaciones de la zona observó un incremento temporal de sus valores dentro del período analizado, por lo que puede concluirse que el este de la provincia de La Pampa se encuentra incluido dentro del área oriental prevista por el IPCC.Eastern La Pampa Province (Argentina is located in the transition band between the south-western area of the Pampa Region, where the Intergovernmental Panel Climatic Change (IPCC official document projects a decrease in the rainfalls between 10 to 20%, and the north-eastern area, where an increase between 10 to 20% is projected. With the purpose of determining in which of the two trends the Eastern La Pampa Province (Argentina is included, the fractal dimension of 10 series of annual rainfall of the zone

  10. Variación anual en la composición química y astringencia del follaje de Enterolobium cyclocarpum (Jacq. Griseb

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    Á. Ojeda

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del presente estudio fue determinar la variación anual en la composición química y astringencia de la fracción comestible por vacunos del follaje de Enterolobium cyclocarpum. Durante el año 2009, se realizaron seis muestreos (febrero, abril, junio, agosto, octubre y diciembre en un bosque semicaducifolio tropical en Venezuela. En cada muestreo se consideraron 10 plantas diferentes, cada una como repetición en un diseño completamente aleatorizado. Los valores obtenidos para materia orgánica (84.50 ± 1.38%, proteína cruda (17.8 ± 1.83%, extracto etéreo (4.50 ± 1.05%, fibra en detergente neutro (42.90 ± 2.26% y ácido (27.10 ± 3.30% se ubicaron dentro de los valores de referencia para plantas leñosas tropicales. La relación calcio:fósforo varió de 2.6:1 (abril hasta 6.8:1 (octubre. Los fenoles totales (4.50 ± 0.64%, taninos totales (3.40 ± 0.65% y taninos condensados (0.77 ± 0.25%, al igual que las fracciones anteriores, se incrementaron (P<0.05 al final del periodo húmedo, coincidiendo con el inicio de la floración. La astringencia (1.50 a 2.30 g Eat/100 g MS evidenció baja actividad biológica de compuestos que precipitan proteínas. Se concluye que el follaje de E. cyclocarpum puede emplearse como una fuente suplementaria de nutrientes a vacunos en sistemas silvopastoriles en áreas de bosque seco tropical semicaducifolio.

  11. Las series anuales de precipitación más largas de Chile: estudio y enseñanzas

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    Sanz Donaire, Juan José

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper studies the annual precipitation of the 15 stations with the longest registry in Chile. It analyzes the evolution for the entire instrumental period, and for the CLINO thirty-year periods. The results are offered through regression lines with their slopes and probability values. Finally, it is submitted to a sinusoidal analysis, which is more in line with the current interpretation of climate system.

    En el presente trabajo se hace un estudio de las precipitaciones anuales de las 15 estaciones con registro más largo de Chile. Se plantea la evolución para todo el período instrumental, y para los treintenios CLINO. Los resultados se ofrecen a través de rectas de regresión con su pendiente y valor de probabilidad. Finalmente se introduce en un análisis sinusoidal, más acorde con la noción actual de sistema climático. [fr] Cet article fait une étude des précipitations annuelles des 15 stations météorologiques disposant des registres les plus longs du Chili. L’évolution est envisagée pour l’ensemble de la période instrumentale et pour les périodes de trente ans CLINO. Les résultats sont proposés à travers des lignes de régression avec leur pentes et leur valeurs de probabilité. Finalement, il amorce une analyse sinusoïdale plus conforme à la notion actuelle de système climatique.

  12. Prevalencia anual de trastornos y uso de servicios de salud mental en el Perú: Resultados del estudio mundial de salud mental, 2005

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Piazza

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: Estimar la prevalencia anual de 18 trastornos mentales según, sus correlatos sociodemográficos y la frecuencia de utilización de servicios de salud mental de la población de 18 a 65 años de edad, residente en áreas urbanas de cinco ciudades del Perú. Materiales y métodos. El Estudio Mundial de Salud Mental (EMSM en Perú utilizó la Entrevista Diagnóstica Internacional Compuesta, que proporciona diagnósticos de acuerdo con el DSMIV y el CIE-10. Se realizó con una muestra probabilística multietápica en Lima, Arequipa, Huancayo, Iquitos y Chiclayo entre julio del 2004 y diciembre del 2005. Resultados. La prevalencia de trastornos mentales en los últimos doce meses, fue de 13,5% siendo más frecuentes los de ansiedad (7,9%, estado de ánimo (3,5%, control de impulsos (3,5% y uso de sustancias (1,7%. Las personas viudas, separadas y divorciadas evidenciaron mayor riesgo de presentar un trastorno en el último año que los casados o convivientes. Solo 32,8% de quienes presentaron trastornos severos de salud mental en los últimos 12 meses recibieron algún tipo de tratamiento; entre quienes presentaron trastornos moderados 18,1%; y entre quienes presentaron trastornos leves, 15,4%. Conclusiones. Más de 13 de 100 peruanos han presentado un trastorno de salud mental en el último año. La magnitud de los trastornos de salud mental y la brecha de atención pone en evidencia la urgente necesidad de dirigir atención y recursos hacia la detección y tratamiento oportuno de las enfermedades mentales en el Perú

  13. Use of correlation and linear regression to increase annual stream flow records; Uso de la correlacion y la regresion lineal para ampliar registros de volumenes escurridos anuales

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Campos-Aranda, D.F. [Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Mexico, D.F. (Mexico)

    1999-03-01

    Firstly, the estimates of standard deviation and arithmetic mean as basic statistical parameters are emphasised, which point out the variability and magnitude of annual streamflow records in the hydrological studies of planning water-resource developments inside a region. Then the equations for quantitative evaluations of statistical convenience of extending a short stream flow record are described in detail. The previous makes use of additional and common data in one or two closer hydrometric stations, with this the short observed record has a certain correlation (dependence or association). Later two numerical applications to real problems are given, the first one for the two dimensional model, which uses a closed hydrometric station in order to extend the short record, and the second application for the three dimensional model which makes use of two auxiliary hydrometric stations. Lastly, three general observations about the paper are cited. [Spanish] Inicialmente se destaca la importancia de las estimaciones de la medida y la desviacion estandar como parametros estadisticos basicos, los cuales caracterizan la magnitud y la variabilidad de los volumenes escurridos anuales en los estudios hidrologicos de planeacion del aprovechamiento de los recursos hidraulicos de una region. Enseguida, se describen con detalle las ecuaciones que permiten evaluar cuantitativamente si es conveniente o no, desde un punto de vista estadistico, ampliar el registro corto de escurrimientos, con base en datos comunes, adicionales y disponibles; esto en una o dos estaciones hidrometricas cercanas, con las cuales, el registro reducido guarda cierta correlacion (dependencia o asociacion). Lo anterior, significa evaluar si con base en el registro ampliado, las estimaciones de la medida y la variancia mejoran estadisticamente. Posteriormente, se realizan dos aplicaciones numericas a casos reales; una, para el modelo bidimensional que utiliza una estacion hidrometrica cercana para ampliar el

  14. Prevalencia anual de trastornos y uso de servicios de salud mental en el Perú: Resultados del estudio mundial de salud mental, 2005

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Piazza

    Full Text Available Objetivos: Estimar la prevalencia anual de 18 trastornos mentales según, sus correlatos sociodemográficos y la frecuencia de utilización de servicios de salud mental de la población de 18 a 65 años de edad, residente en áreas urbanas de cinco ciudades del Perú. Materiales y métodos. El Estudio Mundial de Salud Mental (EMSM en Perú utilizó la Entrevista Diagnóstica Internacional Compuesta, que proporciona diagnósticos de acuerdo con el DSMIV y el CIE-10. Se realizó con una muestra probabilística multietápica en Lima, Arequipa, Huancayo, Iquitos y Chiclayo entre julio del 2004 y diciembre del 2005. Resultados. La prevalencia de trastornos mentales en los últimos doce meses, fue de 13,5% siendo más frecuentes los de ansiedad (7,9%, estado de ánimo (3,5%, control de impulsos (3,5% y uso de sustancias (1,7%. Las personas viudas, separadas y divorciadas evidenciaron mayor riesgo de presentar un trastorno en el último año que los casados o convivientes. Solo 32,8% de quienes presentaron trastornos severos de salud mental en los últimos 12 meses recibieron algún tipo de tratamiento; entre quienes presentaron trastornos moderados 18,1%; y entre quienes presentaron trastornos leves, 15,4%. Conclusiones. Más de 13 de 100 peruanos han presentado un trastorno de salud mental en el último año. La magnitud de los trastornos de salud mental y la brecha de atención pone en evidencia la urgente necesidad de dirigir atención y recursos hacia la detección y tratamiento oportuno de las enfermedades mentales en el Perú

  15. La retribución a la Residencia Anual de los Canónigos en la Iglesia de Toledo (S. XVI

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    Susana Villaluenga de Gracia

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo pretende continuar con el estudio del sistema retributivo del clero catedralicio de Toledo, ahondado esta vez en el vestuario de los canónigos.En la catedral de Toledo, al igual que en otras catedrales, una parte de las rentas eclesiásticas se destinaba al clero catedralicio para cubrir el alimento (refitor y el vestido (vestuario. El primero concernía a la consunción y el segundo a la perfección.El vestuario era la principal renta que recibía un canónigo de la Iglesia de Toledo, haciéndolo en orden a la dignidad conferida. Procedía de los diezmos de pan y vino que se recogían en el arzobispado y remuneraba la residencia anual. Se complementaba con otros recursos como las rentas procedentes del préstamo de Baza y el de Hita.The purpose of this paper is to continue studying the compensation system cathedral clergy of Toledo in the sixteenth century, this time on the vestuario of the canons.In this cathedral, as in one other, a part of the income was allocated to the cathedral clergy to cover the food (refitor and clothing (vestuario. The first one was concerning the consumption and the second one to the perfection.The vestuario was the main income that was receiving a canon of the Church of Toledo, so in order to dignity conferred. It was coming from the tithes of wheat and wine which were collected in the archbishopric of Toledo. Each canon received, together with income from refitor, the vestuario as an incentive for annual residency, along with other additional income from various loans as of Baza and de Hita.

  16. Information

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    There are unstructured abstracts (no more than 256 words) and structured abstracts (no more than 480). The specific requirements for structured abstracts are as follows:An informative, structured abstracts of no more than 4-80 words should accompany each manuscript. Abstracts for original contributions should be structured into the following sections. AIM (no more than 20 words): Only the purpose should be included. Please write the aim as the form of "To investigate/ study/..."; MATERIALS AND METHODS (no more than 140 words); RESULTS (no more than 294 words): You should present P values where appropnate and must provide relevant data to illustrate how they were obtained, e.g. 6.92 ± 3.86 vs 3.61 ± 1.67, P< 0.001; CONCLUSION (no more than 26 words).

  17. Potencial climático para a produção de uvas em sistema de dupla poda anual no estado do Paraná

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    Wilian da Silva Ricce

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available A cultura da videira tem potencial para produção contínua logo após pequeno período de descanso entre safras, porém os riscos climáticos podem limitar essa prática. O objetivo foi avaliar o potencial climático para o cultivo de duas safras anuais e a estimativa da severidade de míldio, em função de diferentes épocas de poda, e da exigência em graus-dia de diferentes genótipos de uvas (Vitis spp., no estado do Paraná. Foram avaliados os riscos de geada, o balanço hídrico climatológico normal e a severidade potencial de ocorrência de míldio utilizando dados de 21 estações meteorológicas do Instituto Agronômico do Paraná. A ocorrência de geadas limita a época de cultivo da videira nas regiões centro, sul e leste. O excesso hídrico é observado em todo o estado. Genótipos que necessitam 1.800°C dia entre a poda e a colheita somente podem ser utilizados em sistema de dupla safra anual nas regiões mais quentes do estado. Não é possível a obtenção de duas safras anuais quando se utilizam genótipos de videiras que exigem mais de 2.000°C dia. Nas regiões mais frias, somente genótipos que necessitam 1.000 a 1.200°C dia podem ser utilizados. Em função do potencial de severidade do míldio, indica-se o cultivo de uvas rústicas ou americanas para as regiões centro, sul e leste, enquanto nas regiões sudoeste, oeste, norte e noroeste indica-se o cultivo das uvas finas ou europeias, porém sem descartar a necessidade de controle da doença nas fases fenológicas mais suscetíveis.

  18. Methods to Break Seed Dormancy of Rhynchosia capitata, a Summer Annual Weed Métodos para Romper la Dormancia de Rhynchosia capitata, una Maleza Anual de Verano

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    Hafiz Haider Ali

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Dormancy of weed seeds is a significant feature contributing to their survival rate since it helps the weeds to avoid herbicides and other weeding practices along with unfavorable environmental conditions. We investigated the effects of different dormancy breaking treatments on the germination of Rhynchosia capitata, a common summer annual weed, which is emerging as a weed threat in Pakistan. Seeds were soaked in thiourea, KNO3, HCl, HNO3, and H2SO4, and they were also mechanically scarified (sandpaper. Results indicated that R. capitata seeds show signs of physical dormancy that is mainly due to the impermeability of their coat. Mechanical scarification and acid scarification (soaking of seeds in H2SO4 for 60 and 80 min and in HCl for 12 and 15 h were very efficient in breaking dormancy and promoting germination. Seed soaking in HNO3 for 1 to 5 d showed little effect whereas various concentrations of thiourea and KNO3 were ineffective in breaking R. capitata seed dormancy.La dormancia seminal de las malezas es un rasgo significativo contribuyente a su tasa de supervivencia, puesto que ayuda a las malezas a evitar herbicidas y otras prácticas de desmalezado junto con condiciones ambientales desfavorables. Investigamos los efectos de diferentes tratamientos para romper dormancia sobre la germinación de Rhynchosia capitata, una maleza anual estival común en Paquistán. Las semillas se sumergieron en tiourea, KNO3, HCl, HNO3 y H2SO4 y además fueron escarificadas mecánicamente (papel lija. Los resultados indicaron que las semillas de R. capitata muestran signos de dormancia física principalmente debido a impermeabilidad de su cubierta. Escarificación mecánica y ácida (inmersión de semillas en H2SO4 por 60 y 80 min y en HCl por 12 y 15 h fueron muy eficientes para romper dormancia y promover germinación. Las semillas sumergidas en HNO3 por 1 a 5 días mostraron poco efecto, mientras diversas concentraciones de tiourea y KNO3 fueron

  19. Variación anual de las propiedades insecticidas de Peumus boldus sobre Sitophilus zeamais Annual variation of insecticide properties of Peumus boldus on Sitophilus zeamais

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    Felipe Pérez

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del presente trabajo fue determinar la variación anual en las propiedades insecticidas de Peumus boldus Molina, en el control de Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky, bajo condiciones de laboratorio. El polvo de hojas de P. boldus se evaluó durante 12 meses, en concentraciones de 0,5, 1 y 2% (p/p. Se evaluaron 36 tratamientos con tres repeticiones, en un diseño experimental completamente al azar, con un arreglo factorial. Se determinó el porcentaje de mortalidad y emergencia de insectos adultos e inmaduros y pérdida de peso y germinación del grano. La mayor mortalidad se obtuvo en los meses de agosto y septiembre de 2003, para las tres concentraciones con un 100%, mientras que la menor fue en mayo de 2003, cuando solo la concentración de 2% fue próxima a 100% de mortalidad. La menor emergencia de insectos adultos y pérdida de peso se obtuvieron en los mismos tratamientos. El efecto sobre estados inmaduros fue menor que contra adultos, y la germinación de los granos de maíz fue afectada por los polvos de P. boldus. Las propiedades insecticidas del polvo de hojas de P. boldus no son estables durante el año, Mayo es el mes con la menor eficacia insecticida, y la germinación de las semillas se ve afectada por el polvo.The objective of this work was to determine the annual variation of Peumus boldus Molina insecticidal properties for the control of Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky, under laboratory conditions. The powder of P. boldus leaves was evaluated, during 12 months, in 0.5, 1, and 2% (w/w concentrations. Thirty-six treatments, with three replications, were evaluated in a completely randomized experimental design, with a factorial arrangement. Evaluations were made for adult and immature insect percentage mortality and emergence, grain weight loss and seed germination. The greatest mortality was obtained in August and September 2003, in the three concentrations with 100%, and the lowest mortality was registered in May 2003

  20. Descripción de las pruebas de función hepática en el control médico anual en un grupo de aviadores de Colombia

    OpenAIRE

    HERNÁNDEZ, FREDY; Puentes, Reinel; Perdomo, Raquel

    2012-01-01

    El objetivo de este estudio es describir los resultados de las diferentes pruebas de la función hepática y la asociación que estás guardan con la exposición a horas de vuelo de los aviadores. Métodos: Se realizo revisión de 1716 historias clínicas correspondientes al control médico anual de esta población, realizados entre el 1 junio del 2010 y el 1 de junio del 2011, observando los valores de transaminasas, bilirrubinas, edad, horas de vuelo y antecedentes médicos. Resultados: Se encontraron...

  1. 5º Congreso Iberoamericano de Periodoncia - 54° Seminario Anual de la Asociación Colombiana de Periodoncia y Oseointegración, Cartagena de Indias, agosto de 2014 - Resúmenes del Congreso

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Resúmenes de los trabajos presentados en el 5º Congreso Iberoamericano de Periodoncia - 54° Seminario Anual de la Asociación Colombiana de Periodoncia y Oseointegración:Lafaurie GI, Castillo DM, Porta A, Castillo Y, Sabogal MA. Bacteriemia asociada con microrganismos periodontopáticos después de cepillado dental y masticación en pacientes con periodontitis.Romero-Sánchez C, Hoyos LX, Lafaurie GI, Bello-Gualtero JM, Castillo DM, Londoño J, De Ávila J, Santos-Moreno P, Valle-Oñate R. Condición ...

  2. Associação entre a produção anual de ouro em garimpos e incidência de malária em Mato Grosso - Brasil, 1985-1996

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Duarte Elisabeth Carmen

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Baseado em dados secundários realizou-se análise epidemiológica do tipo ecológico da série histórica da incidência parasitária anual da malária, produção oficial anual garimpeira de ouro e gastos financeiros do Programa de Controle da Malária na Bacia Amazônica relativo ao Estado de Mato Grosso, no período de 1985-1996. Associação positiva e estatisticamente significante (p<0,001 entre produção de ouro e IPA foi observada em análise multivariada, ainda que controlada por gastos financeiros. Esse achado contribui para a elucidação da tendência de redução da malária em MT, observada na última década.

  3. Variações do ciclo anual da temperatura da superfície do mar no pacífico tropical Annual cycle variations of sea surface temperature in the tropical pacific

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renato Orrú Pedroso Gerólamo

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Variações do ciclo anual da Temperatura da Superfície do Mar (TSM do Pacífico Tropical entre 20ºN e 20ºS, para o período de 1854 a 2006, foram estudadas usando análises de ondaletas. O estudo mostrou que o ciclo anual, considerando-se a variância para em torno de 1 ano, de TSM possui variabilidade interanual e interdecenal. Existem indicações de que a maior parte das variações interanuais no ciclo anual de TSM das áreas do hemisfério Norte (HN e do hemisfério Sul (HS, está relacionada ao ciclo do El Niño-Oscilação Sul (ENOS. A maioria dos picos da Média por Escalas da Potência localizada da ondaleta (MEPO para a escala entre 0,7 e 1,2 anos, para as áreas de ambos os hemisférios, coincide com extremos do ENOS. Os Espectros da Potência Global (EPGs mostraram variância máxima do ciclo anual de TSM entre 120ºE e 140ºE na faixa do HN (entre equador e 20ºN, e variância crescente da linha da data para leste com o máximo entre 100ºW e 80ºW na faixa do HS (entre equador e 20ºS. Portanto, o ciclo anual de TSM apresenta variações entre os HN e HS com a máxima variância localizando-se no hemisfério leste para o HN e no hemisfério oeste para o HS.Annual cycle variations of the sea surface temperature (SST in the Tropical Pacific Ocean between 20ºN and 20ºS for the period from 1854 to 2006 were studied using wavelet analysis. The study showed that the SST annual cycle, considered the variance around 1 year, contains interannual and interdecadal variabilities. There are indications that most of the SST annual cycle variations at Northern Hemisphere (NH and at Southern Hemisphere (SH areas is related to the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO cycle. Most peaks of the localized Scale Average Power (SAP for the 0.7-1.2 year scale for the areas on both hemispheres coincides with ENSO extremes. The Wavelet Power Spectra (WPS shows maximum variance of the SST annual cycle between 120ºE and 140ºE for the northern

  4. ANILLOS ANUALES Y CLIMA EN RHIZOPHORA MANGLE L. DE LA BAHÍA DE CISPATÁ, COLOMBIA ANNUAL GROWTH RINGS AND CLIMATE IN RHIZOPHORA MANGLE L. FROM THE CISPATÁ BAY, COLOMBIA

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    Jorge Andrés Ramírez Correa

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Por su localización en el ecotono tierra-mar Rhizophora mangle es un organismo con gran sensibilidad al cambio climático. La existencia de anillos anuales climáticamente sensibles en esta especie revela un enorme potencial para la dendroclimatologia tropical. Aunque se ha documentado la existencia de anillos anuales en el género Rhizophora delimitados por cambios en la densidad de poros, aquí se demuestra mediante el uso de la tomografía computarizada que los anillos en R. mangle también están definidos por cambios de densidad de la madera. La comparación entre el número de máximos de densidad de madera (DM y de poros (DP en secciones trasversales con la edad de los árboles, reveló la anualidad de los anillos de crecimiento de R. mangle. A mayor precipitación mayor DP y menor DM; y viceversa. La DM y la DP se interpretan como rasgos adaptativos que le permiten a R. mangle adaptarse a los pulsos anuales en salinidad relacionados con las descargas de los ríos en la bahía de Cispatá.Because of its location in the land-sea ecotone Rhizophora mangle is an organism with great sensitivity to climate change. The existence of climate sensitive annual rings in this specie highlights its potential relevance for tropical dendroclimatology. Even though had been previously established the existence of annual rings, delimited by changes in pore-density, in Rhizophora genus, using computed tomographies, is also possible demonstrate, that the rings in R. mangle can also be defined by changes in wood density. Comparing wood density maxima (DM and pore density maxima (PD in tree cross-sections reveal the annual nature of R. mangle tree-rings. With increased rainfall PD increases and DM decreases, and vice versa. PD and DM are interpreted as adaptive traits that allow R. mangle to adapt to the conditions produced by annual pulses in salinity in the bay of Cispatá related to high and low discharges of the rivers.

  5. Anual variation of morphologic traits and hair coat surface temperature of Holstein cows in semi-arid environment Variação anual de características morfológicas e da temperatura de superfície do pelame de vacas da raça Holandesa em ambiente semiárido

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Débora Andréa Evangelista Façanha

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available This work aimed to study the annual variation of temperature of the coat surface and other traits of coat in Holstein cows managed in a tropical environment by separately considering black coat and white coat. It was measured the coat thickness (mm characteristic, hair length (mm, hair number (hair/cm² and coat surface temperature on 191 crossbred cows with 7/8 and 31/32 Holstein composition distributed in 3 herds in a semi-arid environment. Less dense coats with shorter, flattened hair occurred predominantly in March, a time coinciding to high levels of solar radiation. This type of coat shows low resistance to the flux of latent and sensitive heat through the skin, thus favoring heat loss. The black coat surface temperature was on average 4ºC higher than that of the white one during all the year and its variation followed that of the mean radiant temperature. The models developed to predict the effective thermal conductivity of the coat must take these differences into account because the thermal gradient parallel to the skin surface is not negligible for Holstein cows under the sun in a tropical environment, as well as the other traits.O objetivo neste trabalho foi estudar a variação anual da temperatura superficial e outras características do pelame de vacas holandesas em ambiente tropical, considerando separadamente as malhas negras e brancas. Foram medidas as características espessura da capa (mm, comprimento dos pelos (mm, número de pelos (pelos/cm² e temperatura da superfície do pelame em 191 vacas mestiças com alta proporção de sangue holandês (7/8 e 31/32, respectivamente, distribuídas em três rebanhos em ambiente semiárido. O pelame menos denso, com pelos mais curtos e assentados, que ocorreu predominantemente no mês de março, coincidiu com altos níveis de radiação solar. Esse tipo de pelame apresenta menor resistência ao fluxo de calor latente e sensível através da capa, favorecendo a termólise. A temperatura

  6. Genetic structure of annual ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum populations estimated by RAPD Estrutura genética de populações de azevém anual (Lolium multiflorum estimada por RAPD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Alano Vieira

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Annual ryegrass is a temperate climate annual foraging grass, grown mostly in the South of Brazil, especially in the state of Rio Grande do Sul. Despite its importance, little is known about its genetic diversity, both within and among the populations cultivated. This knowledge is of fundamental importance for developing breeding and conservation strategies. The aim of this study was to characterize the genetic diversity and structure of four populations of annual ryegrass. Three of the populations were located in Rio Grande do Sul and the fourth in Uruguay. RAPD markers were used to study the genetic diversity and structure of these populations. Analysis of 375 individuals sampled from the populations, using six RAPD primers, generated a total of 82 amplified bands. They included 73 polymorphic bands (89,02%. The value of the total genetic diversity index obtained, (0,71 was high, indicating the presence of wide genetic diversity in the four populations. Genetic structure analysis revealed that 98% of total diversity is intrapopulational, whereas interpopulational genetic diversity was only 2%. These results suggest that before these populations separated, they had gone through a period of gene exchange and, even after the separation event, gene frequency stayed at levels similar to the original levels, with no differential selection for these genes in the different cultivation areas.O azevém anual é a gramínea anual forrageira de clima temperado de maior utilização no sul do Brasil, particularmente no Estado do Rio Grande do Sul. Apesar de toda a importância que a espécie apresenta, pouco se conhece a respeito da diversidade genética presente entre e dentro das populações cultivadas. Este conhecimento é de fundamental importância para o estabelecimento das estratégias de melhoramento genético e de conservação destes materiais. O objetivo deste estudo foi caracterizar a diversidade genética e a estrutura genética de quatro

  7. Contenido energetico de algunos invertebrados bentonicos de la costa de Chile y fluctuación anual em Mytilus chilensis Hupe 1854

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    William E Duarte

    1980-12-01

    Full Text Available Caloric values, ash and hydric percentages were obtained from the most abundant benthic invertebrates of Corral Bay, from which this information was not previously available. The range of these values is not different to those of related taxonomic groups of other oceans. Annual fluctuations of these paramenters were studied in Mytilus chilensis so as to obtain a quantitative estimation of the variation of these values.

  8. Chemometrics Study of the PM2.5 Annual Organic Composition in Chapineria; Estudio Quimiometrico de la Composicion Organica Anual del PM2.5 en Chapineria

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pindado, O.; Perez, R. M.; Garcia, S.

    2013-05-01

    Due to the huge number of data obtained from a annual study of atmospheric particulate matter, designing a statistics study in order to reveal all information it must be indispensable. Present study has led us to identify several sources of particulate matter among them crustal material, wax plants, fossil fuel combustion, microbial activity and secondary organic aerosol. Moreover, these sources have been able to relate to physical phenomenon such as temperature and atmospheric stability. (Author) 15 refs.

  9. Ex situ Annual Egg—Laying Cycles of Rhinoclemmys melanosterna, R. diademata and their Hybrids (Reptilia: Testudines: Emydidae: Batagurinae Ciclos de postura anual ex situ de Rhinoclemmys melanosterna, R. diademata y de sus hibridos (Reptilia: Testudines: Emydidae: Batagurinae

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    Ramírez-Perilla Jaime

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available R. melanosterna, R. diademata and their hybrids (R. melanosterna x R. diademata present annual continuous egg-laying cycles with maximum frequency during the rainy season. The period of maximal annual egg-laying for hybrid R. melanosterna x R. diademata is earlier than its parents. Aparently there is not direct relation between the ad libitum food offer and Rhinoclemmys sp egg-laying cycles.Registros históricos de postura ex situ de huevos de tortugas del género Rhinoclemmys en la Estación de Biología Tropical Roberto Franco (EBTRF, correspondientes a los años 1991-1999, fueron analizados en relación con factores climáticos locales. Rhinoclemmys melanosterna, Rhinoclemmys diademata y sus híbridos presentan ciclos de postura continuos durante el año con máxima frecuencia durante la estación lluviosa. La época de postura máxima durante un ciclo anual del híbrido R. melanosterna x R. diademata es más temprana que la de sus progenitores de origen. No parece existir relación directa entre la oferta de alimento ad libitum y los ciclos de postura de Rhinoclemmys sp.

  10. Estudio de la precipitación máxima diaria anual en la Región Hidrológica No. 10 (Sinaloa, con base en Distancias Euclidianas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Francisco Campos Aranda

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Se destaca la importancia de los registros pluviométricos como base de las estimaciones de crecientes de diseño, cuando la información hidrométrica y pluviográfica no está disponible. En seguida se citan los objetivos del estudio y se describe la información de lluvias máximas diarias anuales utilizada en 67 estaciones de la región Hidrológica No. 10, cuyas amplitudes de registro variaron de 23 a 38 años. A continuación se describe con detalle la fórmula de las Distancias Euclidianas, la cual se aplica con tres atributos para buscar las subregiones y con cinco para obtener en cada estación su región de influencia integrada por diez pluviómetros. Se verifica la conveniencia de las tres subregiones definidas con base en una prueba estadística simple. Por último, se formulan las conclusiones del estudio, las cuales destacan la utilidad y consistencia del método de las Distancias Euclidianas

  11. Determinación del tipo de régimen de lluvia anual en estaciones pluviométricas venezolanas, según análisis de Fourier y el análisis de grupo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrés E. Blanco T.

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Para describir el régimen climático de precipitación intra-anual, generalmente se identifican los lapsos de valores mayores y menores a la media aritmética de los 12 valores mensuales, así como los montos pluviales extremos. Este trabajo tiene como finalidad configurar la variación de la lluvia en el año aplicando el Análisis de Fourier a los registros climáticos correspondientes al lapso 1961-1990, a 15 estaciones pluviométricas distribuidas en el territorio nacional, para, posteriormente, agruparlas en conjuntos internamente homogéneos pero externamente heterogéneos utilizando la técnica de agrupación automática (Cluster Análisis. La obtención de los coeficientes de Fourier, generó una matriz de 15 casos por 6 valores asociados a las curvas armónicas de tres ciclos, valores correspondientes a las amplitudes y ángulos de fases de dichas funciones periódicas, y explican más del 90% de la variabilidad mensual de la lluvia, así se obtuvieron siete grupos: (1 Barcelona, Ciudad Bolívar, Maturín, San Fernando de Apure, con un régimen pluvial unimodal y máximo en julio-agosto; (2 Barquisimento, Santa Elena de Uairén, con máximo en junio y otro secundario en octubre; (3 Colonia Tovar, Maracaibo, Maracay, Mene Grande con máximos en septiembre-octubre y otro máximo secundario en mayo-junio; (4 Coro, Maiquetía con un régimen de lluvia que se incrementa desde febrero y marzo hasta fines de año; (5 Mérida con régimen bimodal con máximos en Mayo y Octubre con mínimo secundario en julio; (6 Puerto Ayacucho con régimen pluvial unimodal con máximo en junio y extremo mínimo por encima de los 30 mm y (7 San Antonio del Táchira tiene un régimen bimodal con máximos en abril y octubre y mínimo secundario que comprende los meses de Julio y Agosto. Al comparar los resultados de agrupación con los pluviogramas se constató que su representación mediante los coeficientes de Fourier fue adecuada, concluyéndose que puede

  12. Variação anual na abertura do dossel, temperatura e umidade do ar no sub-bosque de três ambientes florestais no sul da Bahia, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marayana Prado Pinheiro

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5902/198050988445Visando contribuir para o conhecimento dos fatores físicos que afetam a estrutura da comunidade vegetal em remanescentes de mata atlântica do sul da Bahia foi analisada a variação anual do microclima do sub-bosque num fragmento de floresta de encosta na Reserva Particular do Patrimônio Natural Serra do Teimoso (RST e num sistema agroflorestal rústico utilizado para o cultivo do cacau (Cabruca, localizado nas proximidades da RST. Dados da abertura do dossel (CO, da temperatura do ar (Ta, da umidade relativa do ar (RH e do déficit de pressão de vapor (VPD foram coletados entre abril de 2005 e abril de 2006 na base (RSTB, 340 m e no topo (RSTT, 640 m da RST e na Cabruca (CB, 250 m. Dados de precipitação pluvial, Ta, RH e VPD foram também coletados numa área aberta (OA, 270 m. As maiores precipitações (> 100 mm ocorreram em Novembro de 2005 e Abril de 2006, enquanto outubro de 2005 foi o mês mais seco (< 20 mm. CO variou entre 2,5% na CB (Abril, 2006 e 7,7% na RST (Outubro, 2005. Os baixos valores de pluviosidade registrados em Outubro de 2005 afetaram VPDmax em todos os ambientes. Estes efeitos foram mais pronunciados em OA, seguido de CB, RSTB e RSTT. Os valores de Ta, RH e VPD em CB foram mais próximos aos valores observados em OA do que aos valores observados no interior da floresta.

  13. Annual report 1996; Relatorio anual 1996

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-12-31

    The most important achievements that took place in 1996, year of the fortieth anniversary`s celebration of IPEN, summarized in this report, will demonstrate the vitality and the excellency reached by the Institute, on this period. Tough-out this forty years, the most encouraging points is the conviction to have preserved all the guidelines of the Institutional Founders, searching to be the best, to reach better standards, to become a new reference, being aware of the world changes and accepting the challenge of it. With this reality in mind, we will be assertive in prognosticate and to accomplish strategic, economic and social values for the IPEN`s future. Many achievements such as: the increasing of the quality radiopharmaceuticals production, in order to permit a milion of medical procedures for the diagnostic and therapy for many illness; the maintenance of the concept A (attributed by CAPES - Coordenadoria de Aperfeicoamento de Pessoal de Nivel Superior) for the Postgraduate Course of IPEN, in association with the University of Sao Paulo; among the 300 students, forty of them took their MSc or PhD title, on this period; the Particulated Materials Processing Center that will enable the Materials Area to perform high quality works in association with private and public organizations; the most important undertaking project at IPEN this year is the modernization of the Nuclear Research Reactor - IEA-R1, that will allow the continuous operation in 5MW; the ongoing foundation on IPEN`s campus, of the Technological Enterprises Incubation Center - CITEC, an initiative of this Institute in association with IPT (Instituto de Pesquisas Tecnologicas), USP, Universidade de Sao Paulo, with the support of SEBRAE-SP (Servico de Apoio as Micro e Pequenas Empresas de Sao Paulo), SCTDE (Secretaria da Ciencia, Tecnologia e Desenvolvimento Economico) and CNEN (Comissao Nacional de Energia Nuclear), will provide a link between the know-how producers and the market. For these above described activities and also for many others not mentioned here that were performed this year, we have to give the credit and special thanks for the IPEN`s workers. Many thanks to CNEN and SAE (Secretaria de Assunto Estrategicos) for all the support to IPEN`s mission. (author)

  14. Desempenho de sementes nuas e revestidas de azevém-anual em condições de estresse salino Performance of loose and coated ryegrass seeds under saline stress conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amanda Votto Klafke

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Com o objetivo de avaliar o efeito do revestimento de sementes decorrente do aumento da concentração salina, sementes de azevém (Lolium multiflorum Lam., cultivar "comum", nuas e revestidas, foram expostas a seis concentrações de cloreto de sódio (NaCl: 48, 66, 97, 129 e 145 mM. O material-base empregado no revestimento foi farelo de madeira. Avaliaram-se a emergência de plântulas normais, anormais, sementes dormentes e mortas, o índice de velocidade de emergência, o comprimento da parte aérea e da raiz e o peso fresco da parte aérea das plântulas. A análise dos resultados permitiu concluir que a emergência de sementes nuas e revestidas de azevém-anual decresce com o aumento da salinidade do meio, afetando negativamente o desenvolvimento de plântulas normais. O aumento dos níveis de NaCl faz as sementes entrar em dormência. O revestimento usado nas sementes não é capaz de protegê-las da ação prejudicial da salinidade a partir da concentração de 64 mM de NaCl.With the objective of evaluating the influence of seed coating on seed germination and seedling development under increased saline concentrations, naked and loose seeds of ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam., "common" cultivar, were exposed to six NaCl concentrations (0, 48, 66, 97, 129 and 145 mM. The basic material for coating was wood bran. Emergence, abnormal seedlings, dormant seeds and percentages of dead seeds, as well as speed emergence index, length of the aerial part and the root and fresh weight of the aerial part were evaluated. Results showed that emergence of both loose and coated annual ryegrass seeds decreases with increase in substrate salinity, negatively affecting seedling development. Increased NaCl concentration leads to seed dormancy. Seed coating is unable to protect seeds from the deleterious effects of salinity from the 64 mM NaCl concentration.

  15. Aplicação do modelo de avaliação integrado ao planejamento anual na Faculdade da Serra Gaúcha (FSG: um estudo de caso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cláudia Medianeira Cruz Rodrigues

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo possui como objetivo verificar a funcionalidade do modelo de avaliação integrado ao planejamento anual proposto por Rodrigues (2003 em uma instituição privada de ensino superior, como forma de observar o desempenho dos elementos que compõem os pilares propostos pelo modelo, ou seja: (i integração entre os elementos de avaliação e planejamento; (ii uso de indicadores orientados ao planejamento; (iii seqüenciamento das atividades anuais de avaliação e planejamento; (iv estabelecimento do ciclo integrado de avaliação e planejamento; e (v integração dos recursos humanos nos processos de avaliação e planejamento. A coleta de dados envolveu duas etapas: (1 estudo de caso realizado na Faculdade da Serra Gaúcha/ Caxias do Sul-RS, no período 2004-2006; (2 entrevistas semi-estruturadas com a Comissão Própria de Avaliação, envolvendo representantes docentes, discentes e técnico-administrativos. Os resultados apontam a validade do modelo para este segmento de IES, necessitando de pequenos ajustes em termos operacionais. Verificou-se que o pilar (vda proposta aplicada foi um dos que mais interferiu na condução dos processos, ou seja, o pilar relacionado a gestão de pessoas, onde houve dificuldade principalmente na compreensão do que seja de fato uma ‘avaliação institucional’ e na importância da conscientização dos setores em relação a fornecer informações no tempo solicitado pela comissão. Desta forma, outros pilares da proposta ficaram prejudicados exatamente pela falta de cultura da instituição em perceber que o ciclo avaliação-planejamento é algo contínuo, em constante aprimoramento.

  16. Variação anual de hormônios tireoideanos e características termorreguladoras de vacas leiteiras em ambiente quente Annual thyroid hormone variation and thermo regulators traits of milk cows in hot environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Débora Andréa Evangelista Façanha Morais

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho foi conduzido com o objetivo de estudar o comportamento anual de características termorreguladoras de 200 vacas leiteiras. Durante dois anos consecutivos, foram registradas a freqüência respiratória (FR e a temperatura retal (TR, bem como coletada uma amostra de sangue para dosagens de triiodotironina (T3 e tiroxina (T4. Foram também registradas a temperatura e a umidade do ar e calculados o índice de temperatura de globo e umidade (ITGU e a carga térmica radiante (CTR, nos mesmos dias de coleta. Houve efeito significativo do ano para a maioria das variáveis estudadas, no entanto, os efeitos do mês de coleta e do rebanho foram significativos para todas. Todos os valores de TR estiveram dentro da amplitude de normalidade, indicando homeotermia. A FR foi alterada em todas as épocas do ano e rebanhos, confirmando a necessidade constante de termólise. No rebanho de maior TR e a FR, houve redução da secreção de T3 e T4. Nas épocas de maiores ITGU e CTR, houve aumento da TR, seguido de maiores FR e menores concentrações plasmáticas de T3 e T4.This work was carried out with the objective to study the annual behavior of thermo regulators traits in dairy cows. Two hundred cows were used during two consecutive years and the respiratory rate (RR, rectal temperature (RT, as well as a blood sample was collected for triiodothyronin (T3 and thyroxin (T4 dosages, were recorded. Air temperature and humidity were also recorded and the black globe humidity index (BGHI and radiant heat load (RHL were calculated in the same days of data collection. There was no significative effect of the year for the majority of studied variables, however, the effects of month of collection and herd were significative for all variables. All values of RT were inside of the amplitude of normality, indicating homoeothermic condition. The RR was altered in every seasons of the year and herds, showing a constant necessity of thermolisys. In herds with

  17. Proceedings of the 9 annual conference of the Mexican association for the energy economy. The energy security; 7. Conferencia anual de la asociacion mexicana para la economia energetica. seguridad energetica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-07-01

    anual bajo el tema Seguridad Energetica con el objetivo de analizar la seguridad energetica de Mexico en terminos de accesibilidad general a recursos energeticos, de disponibilidad confiable y total de estos y de su aceptabilidad en relacion al medio ambiente; analisis del cual se derivaran recomendaciones de politica energetica. Seis paneles se constituyeron en torno a los siguientes puntos de analisis: El entorno geopolitico, certezas e incertidumbres -donde se analiza la irrupcion de nuevos demandantes asiaticos, la incierta continuidad de suministros en Europa y el nuevo nacionalismo latinoamericano energetico como focos de tension y nuevas areas de crispacion-, Balances y mercados energeticos en el continente americano - enfocado al tipo de evolucion prevista de la disponibilidad de petroleo y gas natural en Mexico junto con su capacidad de procesamiento-, Seguridad de insumos para la generacion electrica - en relacion directa con la disponibilidad actual y futura de recursos propios convencionales, de las caracteristicas y comportamientos de mercados internacionales de energeticos primarios y del acceso a tecnologias como centrales nucleares-, Seguridad de insumos para el transporte y la industria -enfocado a la resolucion de los cuellos de botella a que en ocasiones esta sometida su disponibilidad-, La seguridad energetica y el desarrollo a mediano y largo plazos - sabiendo que el sector energia en Mexico es codependiente y la toma de decisiones respecto a su financiacion debe ser basada en realidades y no fantasias-, Politicas para la seguridad energetica -donde se presenta un resumen, conclusiones y recomendaciones de politica energetica; la atencion del mediano y largo plazos requiere iniciarse ahora.

  18. Comportamento ingestivo e desempenho de ovinos em pastagem de azevém anual (Lolium multiflorum Lam. com diferentes massas de forragem Ingestive behaviour and performance of sheep grazing Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam. pasture with different herbage masses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliano Roman

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se avaliar o comportamento ingestivo e o desempenho de ovinos em pastagem de azevém anual (Lolium multiflorum Lam. sob pastejo contínuo e com diferentes massas de forragem: baixa: 1.000 a 1.200 kg/ha MS; intermediária: 1.400 a 1.600 kg/ha MS; alta = 1.800 a 2.000 kg/ha MS. O delineamento experimental foi inteiramente casualizado com três tratamentos e duas repetições de área. Os dados foram submetidos à análise de regressão polinomial em função das massas de forragem observadas nas unidades experimentais: 1.136,8; 1.190,9; 1.359,2; 1.375; 1.556 e 1.739,1 kg/ha MS. Os valores de massa de lâminas foliares e de pseudocolmo, de oferta de forragem e de lâminas foliares, de altura de dossel e de pseudocolmo, de profundidade de lâminas foliares e de ganho médio diário ajustaram-se ao modelo linear de regressão, relacionando-se positivamente com a massa de forragem. Os valores de taxa de lotação e de taxa de bocados diminuíram linearmente com o aumento da massa de forragem. O consumo de forragem, os tempos de pastejo, de ruminação e de ócio, o número diário de bocados, a massa de bocado, o ganho de escore de condição corporal, o ganho de peso vivo por área e a eficiência de conversão de forragem em peso vivo foram similares entre as massas de forragem avaliadas. As amplitudes de massas de forragem avaliadas não promovem diferenças no ganho de peso vivo por hectare, pois proporcionaram similar eficiência de transformação da forragem em produto animal. O principal fator determinante do desempenho individual dos animais é a profundidade da camada de lâminas foliares.The objective of this trial was to evaluate ingestive behaviour and performance of sheep grazing Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam. pasture with different herbage mass (HM: low HM: 1,000 - 1,200 kg/ha of DM (LHM; medium HM: 1,400-1,600 kg/ha DM (MHM; high HM 1,800-2,000 kg/ha DM (HHM. A completely randomized design with three treatments and

  19. Inform@ed space

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerrum, Peter; Olsen, Kasper Nefer

    2001-01-01

    Inform@ed space Sensorial Perception And Computer Enchancement - bidrag til Nordisk Arkitekturforskningsforenings IT-konference, AAA april 2001.......Inform@ed space Sensorial Perception And Computer Enchancement - bidrag til Nordisk Arkitekturforskningsforenings IT-konference, AAA april 2001....

  20. Brazil and the strengthening of safeguard system of the International Atomic Energy Agency: from the four-part agreement to the additional protocol; O Brasil e o fortalecimento do sistema de salvaguardas da Agencia Internacional de Energia Atomica: do acordo quadripartite ao protocolo adicional

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moura, Carmen Lidia Richter Ribeiro

    2001-07-01

    The main objective of this paper is to analyse the evolution of IAEA verification system, that constitutes one of the main fundaments of the Non-proliferation nuclear weapons regimen, and to point out elements that contribute to inform the Brazilian position related to the Model Protocol additional to agreements for safeguard application: instrument that comprehend the most recent multilateral efforts of the nuclear verification

  1. Ciclo anual de la clorofila-α satelital en el archipiélago de Juan Fernández (33°S, Chile Annual cycle of the satellite chlorophyll-a in the Juan Fernandez archipelago (33°S, Chile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabel Andrade

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available La variabilidad espacial y temporal del ciclo anual de la clorofila-α en el archipiélago de Juan Fernández se analiza usando ocho anos de datos satelitales de clorofila-α, viento, corrientes y nivel del mar. Este archipiélago está conformado por tres islas: Robinson Crusoe-Santa Clara (RC-SC y Alejandro Selkirk (AS. Las islas RC-SC se encuentran en una región de alta energía cinética y mayores concentraciones de clorofila-α definida como Zona de Transición Costera, en cambio la isla AS se encuentra en una región de baja energía cinética y menores concentraciones de clorofila-α denominada Zona Oceánica. RC-SC posee un incremento de las concentraciones de clorofila-a en el lado suroeste, mientras que AS posee sus mayores concentraciones en el lado oeste, indicando la presencia de procesos forzantes diferentes. En ambas islas el ciclo anual de la clorofila es significativo y comienza a incrementar en abril, alcanzando valores relativamente altos entre junio y noviembre, disminuyendo hacia diciembre, hasta alcanzar un mínimo hacia fines de marzo. Este ciclo anual aparece desacoplado con el viento y acoplado con la energía cinética. Incrementos invernales de clorofila-a aparecen vinculados con remolinos de mesoescala provenientes de la zona continental, mientras que incrementos primaverales se podrían asociar a procesos locales vinculados al "efecto masa de isla". En ambas islas existen incrementos significativos de la clorofila-a en la banda anual y cuasi-bianual, pero sólo en AS se encontró una fluctuación significativa en la banda interanual vinculada con el Nino y la Oscilación del Sur.The spatial and temporal variability of the annual cycle of chlorophyll-a in the Juan Fernandez archipelago is analyzed through eight years of satellite data of chlorophyll-a, wind, currents and sea level. This archipelago consists of three islands: Robinson Crusoe-Santa Clara (RC-SC and Alexander Selkirk (AS. The RC-SC islands are in a

  2. Evolución de la calidad y difusión de una revista científica española de Psicología: Anales de Psicología, 25 volúmenes anuales publicados (1984-2009)

    OpenAIRE

    Romero Medina, Agustín

    2009-01-01

    La celebración de los 25 volúmenes anuales de Anales de Psico-logía en 2009 sirve de pretexto para repasar la historia de esta revista y su evolución en lo referente a objetivos y política editorial, organigrama, formato y presentación, selección de contenidos, difusión e impacto. Todo ello en el contexto de las revistas científicas de psicología en España y la tendencia creciente por parte de directores y equipos de redacción de revistas, centros e instituciones de documentación y agencias d...

  3. Efecto del ENSO y la NAO sobre el ciclo anual de la hidrología de Colombia: análisis de correlación, reanálisis de NCEP/NCAR y modelos de pronóstico.

    OpenAIRE

    Gil Zapata, Martha María; Quiceno, Natalia; Poveda Jaramillo, Germán

    1998-01-01

    Se cuantifica el impacto del fenómeno El Niño/Oscilación del Sur (ENSO) sobre el ciclo anual de la hidro-climatología de Colombia. Se usan los datos del Proyecto Reanálisis Climático de tierra-océano-atmósfera durante El Niño. Los análisis de correlación a nivel trimestral confirman la fuerte influencia del ENSO sobre las anomalías de lluvias y caudales de Colombia, en particular durante Septiembre-Octubre-Noviembre y Diciembre-enero-febrero. Se desarrollan modelos de regresión lineal múltipl...

  4. Information and Informality

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsson, Magnus; Segerstéen, Solveig; Svensson, Cathrin

    2011-01-01

    leaders were thus seen to function on the level of the organization as a whole, and in cooperation with formal leaders. Drawing on existing theory of leadership in creative and professional contexts, this cooperation can be specified to concern task structuring. The informal leaders in our study......The article presents an empirical study of informal leadership in an international high-tech company. The empirical work consisted of qualitative observation and shadowing of managers in the company, and a total of 14 interviews. The transcribed fieldnotes and audio recordings of observations...... and interviews were analyzed thematically, resulting in three central themes: informality, information based authority, and information brokering. The general informal character of interactions at work included a network based information dissemination. In these networks, persons were percieved as informal...

  5. Theorizing Information for Information Science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cornelius, Ian

    2002-01-01

    Considers whether information science has a theory of information. Highlights include guides to information and its theory; constructivism; information outside information science; process theories; cognitive views of information; measuring information; meaning; and misinformation. (Contains 89 references.) (LRW)

  6. Prevalencia y riesgo anual de infección por tuberculosis en la población escolar de 7 años de edad de Ceuta Prevalence and annual risk of tuberculosis infection in the school population aged 7 years old in Ceuta (Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José María Sánchez Romero

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Conocer la prevalencia de la infección tuberculosa y el riesgo anual de infección en la población escolar de Ceuta. Método: Estudio transversal. Se realizó la prueba de la tuberculina (2UT RT-23 Tween 80 a los niños de 7 años de edad escolarizados en Ceuta en 2008. Se consideraron positivos los niños no vacunados con una induración >5mm a las 72 horas. Resultados: Se estudiaron 612 niños. La prevalencia de la infección fue del 0,98% (intervalo de confianza del 95%, margen de error del 2,5%. Su distribución mostró diferencias entre las tres zonas de salud, y fue mayor en las zonas más deprimidas, donde llegó al 2,07%. El riesgo anual de infección fue del 0,15%. Conclusiones: La prevalencia de la infección es de las más altas de España, según los últimos estudios realizados. Los resultados no se corresponden con los datos epidemiológicos de tuberculosis de Ceuta, al tener en cuenta los casos importados.Objective: To determine the prevalence of tuberculosis infection and annual risk of infection in the school population of Ceuta. Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted. A tuberculin test (2UT RT-23 Tween 80 was given to 7-year-old schoolchildren in Ceuta in 2008. A positive result was considered as an induration of >5mm at 72hours in unvaccinated children. Results: A total of 612 children were studied. The prevalence of tuberculosis infection was 0.98% (95% confidence interval with a 2.5% margin of error. The distribution showed differences among three health areas, and was greatest in the most deprived area (2.07%. The annual risk of infection was 0.15%. Conclusions According to the most recent studies, the prevalence of tuberculosis infection in Ceuta is one of the highest of Spain. Our results do not agree with the epidemiological data for tuberculosis in Ceuta, which also includes imported cases.

  7. Atomic-AES: A compact implementation of the AES encryption/decryption core

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Banik, Subhadeep; Bogdanov, Andrey; Regazzoni, Francesco

    2016-01-01

    D that require access to both the AES encryption and decryption modules. In this paper we look to investigate whether the basic circuit of Moradi et al. can be tweaked to provide dual functionality of encryption and decryption (ENC/DEC) while keeping the hardware overhead as low as possible. As a result, we...... report an 8-bit serialized AES circuit that provides the functionality of both encryption and decryption and occupies around 2645 GE with a latency of 226 cycles. This is a substantial improvement over the next smallest AES ENC/DEC circuit (Grain of Sand) by Feldhofer et al. which takes around 3400 gates...

  8. Proceedings of the 7 Annual conference of the Mexican association for the energy economy. The energy sector in Mexico: challenges and solutions. [Selected papers]; 7. Conferencia anual de la asociacion mexicana para la economia energetica. El sector energia en Mexico: retos y soluciones

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-07-01

    The Mexican Association for the Energy Economy (AMEE) had its VII annual conference, The energy sector in Mexico: challenges and solutions, in October, 2004. Some of the expounded topics are: technical and environmental aspects of the combined cycle power stations; analysis of the generation of electric power across biogas from sanitary landfills in Mexico; cogeneration in large power plants; methodologies for the calculation of relative efficiency: description and application of natural gas distributors in Latin American and others. [Spanish] La Asociacion Mexicana para la Economia Energetica A. C. (AMEE), llevo acabo su VII conferencia anual El sector energia en Mexico: retos y soluciones, en octubre del 2004. Algunos de los temas tratados son: Aspectos tecnicos y medioambientales de las centrales de ciclo combinado con gasificacion integrada; Analisis de la generacion de energia electrica a traves de biogas procedente de rellenos sanitarios en Mexico; Cogeneracion en grandes centrales de proceso; Metodologias para el calculo de eficiencia relativa: descripcion y aplicacion para distribuidores de gas natural en Latinoamerica y otros.

  9. Cambios histomorfológicos en el ovario del pez capitán, Eremophilus mutisii Humboldt 1805 (Pisces: Trichomyteridae, durante el ciclo reproductivo anual,en la laguna del Muña, sistema río Bogotá, Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cala Cala Plutarco

    1982-03-01

    Full Text Available

    The principal aim of this investigation was to study the anual morpho-histological changes in the ovary of the fish capitan, Eremophilus mutisii, in the Rio Bogota basin in Colombia, with regard to the reproductive cycle, size of the mature fishes and seasonal changes in the environment. The fibs material was collected monthly. The gonads were fixed in Bouin's fixative. Subsequently they were washed several times in 70% ethanol. Transversal sections of about 5 cm in length, each of which produced 10 slides with 10 or so sections per slide, were taken from the center to the anterior portion of the right ovary of each fish, since no macroscopic significant differencie was observed in the oogenic process in the anterior, central and posterior portion of the ovary. The sections were dehydrated in tetrahydrofuran and embedded in paraffin. Sections were cut at 6 microns and stained with haematoxylin and eosin (H & E. The gonosomatic index (GSI or maturity index (MIl was calculated.

  10. Arrowleaf Clover (Trifolium vesiculosum Savi: A New Species of Annual Legumes for High Rainfall Areas of the Mediterranean Climate Zone of Chile Trébol Vesiculoso (Trifolium vesiculosum Savi: Una Nueva Especie de Leguminosa Anual para Áreas de Alta Precipitación en la Zona Mediterránea de Chile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Ovalle M

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available The present review examines the main attributes and agronomic characteristics of arrowleaf clover (Trifolium vesiculosum Savi and its incorporation into production systems in dryland areas of the Andean foothills of the humid Mediterranean climate zone of Chile. It is a new species of annual legume in Chile for light and medium textured soils. The root system can reach a depth of 1.5 m and its seeds have a high percentage of hardseedness (99.8%. It is an upright plant, with purplish-white flowers. The mature plant has large arrow-shaped leaves up to 50 mm long, often marked with a large white “V”. Dry matter and seed production in the Andean foothills is high (3.9-8.8 t DM ha-1 and 700-900 kg ha-1, respectively, surpassing the productivity of sub clover (Trifolium subterraneum L. cv. Mount Barker and crimson clover (Trifolium incarnatum L.. However, DM production in the second year was lower, possibly because the high percentage of hardseedness inhibited plant emergence. The phenological records and productive performance suggest that arrowleaf clover could contribute to improving pastoral production in dryland areas with annual rainfall levels of more than 800 mm, such as the Andean foothills in the central-southern region of Chile.En la presente revisión se examinan los principales atributos y características agronómicas del trébol vesiculoso (Trifolium vesiculosum Savi y su eventual incorporación a sistemas de producción en la precordillera andina de la zona de clima mediterráneo húmedo de Chile. Se trata de una nueva especie de leguminosa forrajera anual para suelos de textura liviana y media. El sistema radical puede alcanzar 1,5 m de profundidad y las semillas tienen un alto porcentaje de dureza seminal (99,8%. Es una planta de crecimiento erecto, flores de color blanco con una leve coloración púrpura. Las plantas adultas tienen grandes hojas con forma de flecha de más de 50 mm de largo, a menudo muestran una marca blanca en

  11. Information Crisis

    CERN Document Server

    Losavio, Michael

    2012-01-01

    Information Crisis discusses the scope and types of information available online and teaches readers how to critically assess it and analyze potentially dangerous information, especially when teachers, editors, or other information gatekeepers are not available to assess the information for them. Chapters and topics include:. The Internet as an information tool. Critical analysis. Legal issues, traps, and tricks. Protecting personal safety and identity. Types of online information.

  12. Annual report - ESCELSA - 1999; Relatorio anual - ESCELSA - 1999

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-07-01

    The annual report of 1999 of ESCELSA - Brazilian electric power company - introduces the next main topics: state of Espirito Santo; strategic focus; financial performance; relation with investors; energy sales; customers; quality; electric system; investments; people; resources; synergies; awards; outlook; social balancing; and patrimonial balancing.

  13. Annual report - ENERSUL - 1999; Relatorio anual - ENERSUL - 1999

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-07-01

    The annual report of ENERSUL - Brazilian electric power distribution company - introduces the following main topics: Outlook for the State of Mato Grosso do Sul; strategic focus; financial performance; relation with investors; energy sold; capacity increases; customers; customers; energy balance; performance and quality; electric system; investments; people; human resources; synergies; awards; workplace safety; social balance; and patrimonial balance.

  14. Programa anual de entrenamiento deportivo en natación

    OpenAIRE

    García Barberán, Carlos

    2013-01-01

    Se presenta un trabajo teórico-práctico que aborda el campo de la planificación y periodización del entrenamiento desde la óptica del deporte de la natación como desarrollo de las competencias del graduado en ciencias del deporte. La primera parte (capitulo 3) se centra en hacer una síntesis de las bases teóricas de la periodización del entrenamiento en cuanto a lo que a métodos y modelos se refiere, siempre que estos sean válidos para el deporte de la natación. A continuación, y con una conc...

  15. Annual report 2008: ELETROBRAS; Relatorio anual 2008: ELETROBRAS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2007-07-01

    This document reports the actives of the ELETROBRAS during the year 2008 related to: electricity market, international activities, strategic planning, financial indicators, business analysis, relationship with investors, energy marketing, operational research, technological development, financial statements, social responsibility and environment

  16. ELETRONUCLEAR - Annual report - 1997; ELETRONUCLEAR - Relatorio anual - 1997

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-07-01

    The annual activities report of 1997 of ELETRONUCLEAR - Brazilian company responsible by the electric power generation from the nuclear technology - introduces the next main topics: company vision and mission; energy production and commercialization; investments in the electric power generation; economic and financial situation; social balancing; and patrimonial balancing.

  17. Information Sciences: Information Centers and Special Libraries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    BIBLIOGRAPHIES, *LIBRARIES, *TECHNICAL INFORMATION CENTERS, DATA PROCESSING, AUTOMATION, INFORMATION SYSTEMS, DOCUMENTS, INFORMATION CENTERS, INFORMATION RETRIEVAL, SUBJECT INDEXING, INFORMATION SCIENCES .

  18. Sistema de integração lavoura-pecuária: efeito do manejo da altura em pastagem de aveia preta e azevém anual sobre o rendimento da cultura da soja Crop-livestock integration system: effect of oat and italian ryegrass sward height management on soybean yield

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marília Lazzarotto Terra Lopes

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar os efeitos da altura de manejo em pastagem de aveia preta e azevém anual sobre o estabelecimento e o rendimento de grãos da cultura de soja. Os tratamentos utilizados foram quatro alturas de manejo do pasto: 10, 20, 30 e 40cm e um tratamento sem pastejo. Foram avaliados atributos referentes à pastagem (altura do pasto, oferta de forragem, massa de forragem, taxa de acúmulo, taxa de lotação animal e palhada residual e à cultura da soja (estande inicial de plantas e rendimento de grãos. As alturas reais do pasto ficaram próximas daquelas pretendidas, havendo um aumento linear da oferta de forragem e da massa de forragem quando foi observado aumento das alturas de manejo do pasto. A taxa de acúmulo não foi afetada pelos tratamentos. A taxa de lotação apresentou resposta linear decrescente com o aumento da altura do pasto. A massa de forragem remanescente aumentou na medida em que houve incremento na altura de manejo do pasto. Foi observada diferença entre os tratamentos para palhada residual e estande inicial de plantas de soja, porém essas diferenças não afetaram o rendimento de grãos da cultura. Os resultados sugerem que a presença dos animais não prejudica o cultivo subsequente, possibilitando aumento da renda do produtor pela oportunidade de utilização das áreas durante a entressafra da soja.This trial aimed to evaluate the effects of sward height management of pastures composed by black oat and Italian ryegrass upon soybean establishment and yield. The treatments were four sward management heights: 10, 20, 30 and 40cm; and no grazing control. Pasture (sward height, herbage allowance, herbage mass, stocking rate and post grazing herbage mass and soybean (initial stand of plants and yield attributes were evaluated. The observed sward heights were very similar to those previously intended. There was a linear increase in herbage allowance and herbage mass with increasing sward height

  19. Modelagem estatística da precipitação mensal e anual e no período seco para o estado de Minas Gerais Statistical modeling of monthly, annual and dry season mean precipitation for the State of Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos R. de Mello

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se, com o presente estudo, ajustar modelos lineares para predição da precipitação média mensal (no período úmido e anual e no período seco, baseados nas coordenadas geográficas (latitude e longitude e altitude para o Estado de Minas Gerais. Aplicaram-se dados diários de precipitação, provenientes da Agência Nacional de Águas (ANA de 209 estações meteorológicas, das quais 197 foram usadas para ajuste dos modelos e 12 para sua validação final. O coeficiente de determinação ajustado (r², o erro médio absoluto (%, a tendência das estimativas (% e significância dos parâmetros, foram considerados na avaliação dos modelos. De maneira geral, os modelos apresentaram bons parâmetros estatísticos de validação, com r² maior que 0,70, erro médio menor que 10% e tendência não significativa (This study aimed at adjusting statistical linear models for prediction of total mean precipitation associated to monthly (in the wet season, annual and dry season periods, based on geographical coordinates (latitude and longitude and altitude for the State of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Daily precipitation data from the "Agência Nacional de Águas" (ANA for 209 pluviometric stations were applied, 197 for modeling adjustment and 12 for final validation. Coefficient of determination adjusted (r², mean absolute error (%, prediction bias (% and estimated parameters significance were considered for evaluation of models. The monthly and annual precipitation models presented good statistical validation coefficients, with r² greater than 0.70, mean error smaller than 10% and bias not significant (< 2% in relation to mean value. However, the dry season model presented an overestimation of precipitation, showing that more variables associated to topographic characteristics would be necessary to produce a more accurate model. Nevertheless, the adjusted models present good conditions for practical applications, forming an important tool for

  20. Incidência cumulativa anual de doenças musculoesqueléticas incapacitantes relacionadas ao trabalho em uma área urbana do Brasil Cumulative annual incidence of disabling work-related musculoskeletal disorders in an urban area of Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Norma Suely Souto Souza

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Estimou-se a incidência cumulativa anual (ICA das doenças musculoesqueléticas incapacitantes que acometem a região cervical e/ou membros superiores (DMEMS relacionadas ao trabalho, entre trabalhadores do Regime Geral da Previdência Social (RGPS de Salvador, Bahia, Brasil. Trabalhadores que receberam benefícios por incapacidade temporária por DMEMS relacionadas ao trabalho foram considerados casos, em 2008. Os dados provêm dos sistemas administrativos do Instituto Nacional do Seguro Social (INSS e do Ministério do Trabalho e Emprego (MTE. A ICA foi de 15 por dez mil trabalhadores. Mulheres, os de menor renda e aqueles que trabalhavam no ramo de atividades financeiras e indústria de transformação tinham maior ICA-DMEMS do que os seus referentes. Mulheres com o menor rendimento (um salário mínimo: R$ 415,00 tiveram a maior ICA-DMEMS, de 123 casos por dez mil. Isso sugere desigualdade na ocorrência dessas enfermidades, indicando a necessidade de priorizar não só ações de prevenção, com foco na ergonomia e organização do trabalho, como também o diagnóstico precoce, tratamento e reabilitação profissional.This study focused on the annual cumulative incidence (ACI of disabling work-related musculoskeletal disorders affecting the neck and/or upper limbs (ULMSD among workers covered by the National Social Insurance System in the city of Salvador, Bahia State, Brazil. Cases were workers who received disability compensation benefits when unable to work due to ULMSD, during the year 2008. The data were obtained from the administrative systems of the National Social Insurance Institute and Ministry of Labor and Employment. ACI was 15 per 10,000 workers. Increased ACI of ULMSD was associated with female gender, lower income, and work in financial activities or manufacturing. Women earning the minimum wage (US$ 64.00 per month or less had the highest ACI of ULMSD (123 per 10,000, suggesting inequalities in the occurrence of these

  1. Comportamento agronômico de populações de azevém anual (Lolium multiflorum L. para cultivo invernal na região sudeste Agronomic behaviour of annual ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum L. populations for winter cropping in Southeast Region of Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Vander Pereira

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Na Região Sudeste o período do inverno é caracterizado pela escassez e perda de qualidade das pastagens, sendo o azevém anual uma das forrageiras invernais mais recomendadas para suplementação da dieta dos rebanhos leiteiros nesta época do ano. Com este trabalho, buscou-se avaliar o comportamento de populações de azevém resultantes de coleta de germoplasma. Foram avaliadas 30 populações, sendo 22 resultantes de coletas recentes realizadas na Região Sul e oito pertencentes à coleção da Embrapa. Foi utilizado o delineamento experimental de blocos ao acaso com três repetições, sendo realizados sete cortes. Foram avaliados: altura da planta, porcentagem e produção de matéria seca, rebrota, número de dias até o florescimento e produção de sementes. Observou-se variação entre as populações para todas as características avaliadas. A estimativa da produção total de matéria seca variou de 3654 kg/ha (população LE 284 a 8544 kg/ha (CNPGL 164. Os resultados demonstraram elevado potencial de produção de forragem entre as populações de azevém coletadas, sendo que algumas delas podem ser recomendadas para cultivo invernal na Região Sudeste.In the Southeast Region of Brazil, the winter season is characterized by poor quality and low availability of the pastures. In that region the annual ryegrass is one of the most recommended winter forage to be used for dairy cattle diets. The objective of this study was to evaluate the behavior of ryegrass populations under the Mata Atlantica environment. From the 30 evaluated populations, 22 were collected and eight belong to Embrapa's collection. A randomized blocks design with three replications was used, and seven cuts were done. Plant height, percent and dry matter production, regrowth, days to flowering and seed production were recorded. For all these parameters there were differences between populations. Total dry matter production varied from 3654 kg/ha (LE 284 to 8544 kg

  2. Produção anual e qualidade de pastagem de Brachiaria decumbens diferida e estratégias de adubação nitrogenada - doi: 10.4025/actascianimsci.v33i3.10194 Annual production and quality of Brachiaria decumbens pastures deferred and strategies nitrogen fertilization - doi: 10.4025/actascianimsci.v33i3.10194

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Deitos Fries

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a produção de Brachiaria decumbens diferidos por períodos de 95 e 140 dias. Foram realizados dois ensaios experimentais (95 e 140 dias e em cada ensaio foram estudadas quatro estratégias de adubação no início e no final do verão (0-0, 100-0, 50-50, 0-100 kg há-1 de N, respectivamente, com quatro repetições. A maior (p -1 de N aplicados no início do verão (100-0, nos pastos diferidos com 95 dias. Entretanto, no outono, inverno e primavera, a estratégia de aplicação de 100 kg ha-1 de N no final do verão (0-100, proporcionou maiores (p -1 no final do verão é uma estratégia adequada para aumentar a produção de matéria seca para os pastos avaliados nos dois períodos de diferimento estudados, reduzindo a curva de sazonalidade da produção anual de forragem.The aim of this work was to evaluate the production of Brachiaria decumbens deferred for periods of 95 and 140 days. Two experimental trials (95 and 140 days were carried out and, in each one, four fertilization strategies were studied at the beginning and end of summer (0-0, 100-0, 50-50, 0-100 kg ha-1 of N, respectively, with four replications. The highest (p -1 of N applied in early summer (100-0, in pastures deferred for 95 days. However, in autumn, winter and spring, the application strategy of 100 kg ha-1 of N at end of summer (0-100 had greater (p -1 in late summer is an appropriate strategy to increase dry matter production for grasses in the two studied deferral periods, reducing the curve of seasonal annual forage production.

  3. Information Relations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viktor Ya.Tsvetkov

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The article organizes information relations. The article explores the implicative, quantitative, qualitative, logical and situational information relations. The article introduces the concept of implicative and situational relations. Article clarifies the definition of information relations. The article describes examples of information relations. The article shows the difference between the information field and information space. The article uses the concept of Aristotle "logical square" to explain the logic of information relations. This work combines scientific fields of linguistics, philosophy, logic, computer science, artificial intelligence.

  4. Social information

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Fernando de Barros Campos

    Full Text Available Based on Erving Goffman's work, the article aims to discuss a definition of information centered on the type conveyed by individuals in a multimodal way, encompassing language and body in situations of co-presence, where face-to-face interaction occurs, and influencing inter-subjective formation of the self. Six types of information are highlighted: material information, expressive information, ritualized information, meta-information, strategic information, and information displays. It is argued that the construction of this empirical object tends to dissolve the tension among material, cognitive and pragmatic aspects, constituting an example of the necessary integration among them. Some vulnerable characteristics of the theory are critically mentioned and it is suggested that the concept of information displays could provide a platform to approach the question of the interaction order in its relations with the institutional and social orders, and consequently, to reassess the scope of the notion of social information analyzed.

  5. Information cultures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skouvig, Laura

    2017-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to suggest a genealogy of the concept of information beyond the 20th century. The article discusses how the concept of information culture might provide a way of formulating such a genealogic strategy. The article approaches this purpose by providing a general...... narrative of premodern information cultures, examining works on early-modern scholars and 18th century savants and discussion of what seems to be a Foucauldian rupture in the conceptualization of information in 19th century England. The findings of the article are situated in the thinking that a genealogy...... of information would reveal that information had specific purposes in specific settings....

  6. Information Concepts

    CERN Document Server

    Marchionini, Gary

    2010-01-01

    Information is essential to all human activity, and information in electronic form both amplifies and augments human information interactions. This lecture surveys some of the different classical meanings of information, focuses on the ways that electronic technologies are affecting how we think about these senses of information, and introduces an emerging sense of information that has implications for how we work, play, and interact with others. The evolutions of computers and electronic networks and people's uses and adaptations of these tools manifesting a dynamic space called cyberspace. O

  7. Information Integrity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graves, Eric

    2013-01-01

    This dissertation introduces the concept of Information Integrity, which is the detection and possible correction of information manipulation by any intermediary node in a communication system. As networks continue to grow in complexity, information theoretic security has failed to keep pace. As a result many parties whom want to communicate,…

  8. Informal Taxation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olken, Benjamin A; Singhal, Monica

    2011-10-01

    Informal payments are a frequently overlooked source of local public finance in developing countries. We use microdata from ten countries to establish stylized facts on the magnitude, form, and distributional implications of this "informal taxation." Informal taxation is widespread, particularly in rural areas, with substantial in-kind labor payments. The wealthy pay more, but pay less in percentage terms, and informal taxes are more regressive than formal taxes. Failing to include informal taxation underestimates household tax burdens and revenue decentralization in developing countries. We discuss various explanations for and implications of these observed stylized facts.

  9. Information Presentation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holden, Kritina L.; Thompson, Shelby G.; Sandor, Aniko; McCann, Robert S.; Kaiser, Mary K.; Adelstein, Barnard D.; Begault, Durand R.; Beutter, Brent R.; Stone, Leland S.; Godfroy, Martine

    2009-01-01

    The goal of the Information Presentation Directed Research Project (DRP) is to address design questions related to the presentation of information to the crew. In addition to addressing display design issues associated with information formatting, style, layout, and interaction, the Information Presentation DRP is also working toward understanding the effects of extreme environments encountered in space travel on information processing. Work is also in progress to refine human factors-based design tools, such as human performance modeling, that will supplement traditional design techniques and help ensure that optimal information design is accomplished in the most cost-efficient manner. The major areas of work, or subtasks, within the Information Presentation DRP for FY10 are: 1) Displays, 2) Controls, 3) Procedures and Fault Management, and 4) Human Performance Modeling. The poster will highlight completed and planned work for each subtask.

  10. Comportamento ingestivo de ovinos no período diurno em pastagem de azevém anual em diferentes estádios fenológicos Diurnal ingestive behavior of sheep grazing annual ryegrass at different phenological growth stages

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renato Borges de Medeiros

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho foi realizado com o objetivo de avaliar o comportamento ingestivo no período diurno de ovelhas Corriedale em final de gestação e início de lactação sob pastejo em uma área de 1,3 ha de azevém anual (Lolium multiflorum Lam. nos estádios vegetativo, pré-florescimento e de florescimento. Foram determinados o tempo de pastejo, a taxa de bocado, o tamanho de bocado, o teor de PB da forragem e os consumos de MS e PB. Os maiores tempos de pastejo e de consumo de MS e PB, para os três estádios do azevém, foram observados ao final da tarde. Nos estádios vegetativo e pré-florescimento, os tempos de pastejo e os consumos de MS e PB registrados no início da manhã (7 às 7h50 foram semelhantes aos verificados no final da tarde. No estádio pré-florescimento, registraram-se ainda nestes horários de pico de pastejo as maiores taxas de bocado e peso de bocado, as quais, associadas ao maior tempo de pastejo, determinaram os maiores consumos de forragem ao longo do dia. Os menores tempos de pastejo ocorreram das 8 às 9h50 durante o estádio vegetativo; das 8 às 8h50 e das 12 às 12h50 durante o pré-florescimento; e das 7 às 8h50 durante o florescimento. Conseqüentemente, nesses mesmos horários foram verificados os menores consumos de MS e PB para os três estádios fenológicos estudados.The objective of this trial was to evaluate the diurnal ingestive behavior of late pregnant-early lactating Corriedale ewes grazing annual ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam. at different phenological growth stages (vegetative, pre-flowering and flowering. Animals were maintained in paddocks of 1.3 ha from July 21 to November 11 of 2000. Grazing time, bite rate, bite weight, crude protein (CP content per bite, and forage dry matter (DM and CP intakes were measured. The longest grazing time and the greatest forage DM and CP intakes were observed at late afternoon on all three phenological growth stages of annual ryegrass. Grazing time and

  11. Information Distance

    CERN Document Server

    Bennett, Charles H; Li, Ming; Vitanyi, Paul M B; Zurek, Wojciech H

    2010-01-01

    While Kolmogorov complexity is the accepted absolute measure of information content in an individual finite object, a similarly absolute notion is needed for the information distance between two individual objects, for example, two pictures. We give several natural definitions of a universal information metric, based on length of shortest programs for either ordinary computations or reversible (dissipationless) computations. It turns out that these definitions are equivalent up to an additive logarithmic term. We show that the information distance is a universal cognitive similarity distance. We investigate the maximal correlation of the shortest programs involved, the maximal uncorrelation of programs (a generalization of the Slepian-Wolf theorem of classical information theory), and the density properties of the discrete metric spaces induced by the information distances. A related distance measures the amount of nonreversibility of a computation. Using the physical theory of reversible computation, we give...

  12. Information extraction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zhang, Lei; Hoede, C.

    2002-01-01

    In this paper we present a new approach to extract relevant information by knowledge graphs from natural language text. We give a multiple level model based on knowledge graphs for describing template information, and investigate the concept of partial structural parsing. Moreover, we point out that

  13. Information War

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-01-01

    Expertise typically involves combining information with heuristic rules, rare facts, metaknowledge and metacognition , and compiled forms of behavior...aids, or upon any single source of information, lest he be completely disabled by their failure at a critical moment. 34 CHAPTER IX SOME IMPLICATIONS... intellectual effort. communications intelligence (COMINT) and its counterpart, communications security (COMSEC). Successes in these fields only suggest

  14. Information evaluation

    CERN Document Server

    Capet, Philippe

    2014-01-01

    During the reception of a piece of information, we are never passive. Depending on its origin and content, from our personal beliefs and convictions, we bestow upon this piece of information, spontaneously or after reflection, a certain amount of confidence. Too much confidence shows a degree of naivety, whereas an absolute lack of it condemns us as being paranoid. These two attitudes are symmetrically detrimental, not only to the proper perception of this information but also to its use. Beyond these two extremes, each person generally adopts an intermediate position when faced with the recep

  15. AIRLINE INFORMATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Cathay Pacific Airways Launches New Mobile Service Cathay Pacific Airways has recently launched a new mobile service that offers pas-sengers more convenience and better mobility by connecting them to useful travel information through their mobile devices.

  16. Position Information

    Data.gov (United States)

    Social Security Administration — The Position Information Data Asset provides the ability to search for active SSA position descriptions using various search criteria. An individual may search by PD...

  17. Supporting Information

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This is the supporting information for the journal article. This dataset is associated with the following publication: Rankin, K., S. Mabury, T. Jenkins, and J....

  18. Subscription information

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    ISSN print edition: 1672-1799 ISSN electronic edition: 1862-2844 Volume 51 (12 issues) will appear in 2008 Subscription rates For information on subscription rates please contact: Customer Service China: sales@scichina.org North

  19. Subscription information

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    ISSN print edition: 1006-9321 ISSN electronic edition: 1862-281X Volume 51 (12 issues) will appear in 2008 Subscription rates For information on subscription rates please contact: Customer Service China

  20. Information Presentation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holden, K.L.; Boyer, J.L.; Sandor, A.; Thompson, S.G.; McCann, R.S.; Begault, D.R.; Adelstein, B.D.; Beutter, B.R.; Stone, L.S.

    2009-01-01

    The goal of the Information Presentation Directed Research Project (DRP) is to address design questions related to the presentation of information to the crew. The major areas of work, or subtasks, within this DRP are: 1) Displays, 2) Controls, 3) Electronic Procedures and Fault Management, and 4) Human Performance Modeling. This DRP is a collaborative effort between researchers at Johnson Space Center and Ames Research Center.

  1. Information engineering

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hunt, D.N.

    1997-02-01

    The Information Engineering thrust area develops information technology to support the programmatic needs of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory`s Engineering Directorate. Progress in five programmatic areas are described in separate reports contained herein. These are entitled Three-dimensional Object Creation, Manipulation, and Transport, Zephyr:A Secure Internet-Based Process to Streamline Engineering Procurements, Subcarrier Multiplexing: Optical Network Demonstrations, Parallel Optical Interconnect Technology Demonstration, and Intelligent Automation Architecture.

  2. UBS INFORMATION

    CERN Document Server

    UBS

    2002-01-01

    As a supplement to the information published on 27.05.2002, we inform you that the works foreseen in the building 504 will begin July 1st. The alterations become necessary force us to suspend the contomat service for a duration of one month. From July 1st the services of counter will be offered in the building 500. We ask you to excuse us for this interruption and thank you for your understanding. Your UBS

  3. Information Literacy

    OpenAIRE

    Silva Novljan

    2015-01-01

    Information literacy is a concept which is well established in theory while in practice it is only slowly breaking ground in accordance with the understanding of its significance and the possibilities of its realisation. Based on fundamental works, the characteristics of information literacy, its cognitive foundations and significance for individuals as well as for society, are argumented in the article. The analyzed content of this concept is connected with the content of a librarian’s knowl...

  4. Informal Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hartmann, Mia Rosa Koss; Hartmann, Rasmus Koss

    Informal innovation, defined as the development and putting-into-use of novel solutions by non-R&D employees without prior formal approval from or subsequent revealing to superiors, has been recurrently observed in organizational research. But even as it is increasingly recognized that R&D is not......Informal innovation, defined as the development and putting-into-use of novel solutions by non-R&D employees without prior formal approval from or subsequent revealing to superiors, has been recurrently observed in organizational research. But even as it is increasingly recognized that R......&D is not the only plausible source of innovation inside organizations, informal innovation has yet to be systematically explored or theorized. We propose a theory of informal innovation based on analyses of prior literature and mixed-method, multi-site studies of innovation at the working level of two extreme......-case organizations. We propose that informal innovation occurs as 1) employees personally experience problems that they believe are not recognized or prioritized by superiors; 2) some employees are able to develop solutions, essentially at no cost; 3) innovators face no benefits from revealing to superiors, but can...

  5. [Informed consent].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Medina Castellano, Carmen Delia

    2009-10-01

    At present times, numerous complaints claiming defects produced at some point in the process of obtaining informed consent are filed in courts of justice; in these complaints there is an underlying comment element which is the roles that health professionals have in these processes. In obtaining this consent, one can see this more as a means to obtain judicial protection for professional practices rather than this process being a respectful exercise for the dignity and freedom which health service patients have. This article reflects on two basic rights related to informed consent: adequately obtaining this consent and the need to protect those people who lack, either partially or totally, the capacity to make this decision by themselves. Afterwards, the author makes some considerations about the necessity to obtain informed consent for nursing practices and treatment.

  6. Information Ecology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christiansen, Ellen Tove

    2006-01-01

    The paper describes a pedagogical didactical paradigm for teaching student-designers how to deal with context issues. Form/context-relationships are conceptualized as information ecologies and described as behavioral settings using a key concept developed by social psychologist R.A. Baker...... in the 1960ties, and chosen here because it integrates cultural and psychological trajectories in a theory of living settings. The pedagogical-didactical paradigm comprises three distinct information ecologies, named after their intended outcome: the problem-setting, the exploration-setting, and the fit......-setting. It is specified how context issues can be treated within each of these information ecologies. The paper concludes by discussing the outcome of applying this paradigm with respect to the student-designers’ competence as reflective practitioners....

  7. Tracking and uncertainty in absorption spectrometry and atomic emission; Trazabilidad e incertidumbre en espectrometria de absorcion y emision atomica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arvizu Torres, Maria del Rocio; Ramirez Cruz, Pedro [Centro Nacional de Metrologia (CENAM), Division de Materiales Metalicos, Area de Metrologia de Materiales, Departamento de Educacion Continua, El Marquez, Queretaro (Mexico)

    2008-04-18

    In this course it is described what methodology is, the measuring instruments and the importance of its calibration. The history of the International System of Units is described and what the meaning of tracking is. Also the general concepts of uncertainty in analytical measurements are shown, such as the measurements of central tendency and the variability measurements. [Spanish] En este curso se describe que es metodologia, los instrumentos de medicion y la importancia de calibrarlos. Se describe la historia del Sistema Internacional de Unidades y que es la trazabilidad. Tambien se presentan conceptos generales de incertidumbre en mediciones analiticas, como las medidas de tendencia central y las medidas de variabilidad.

  8. Viral information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rohwer, Forest; Barott, Katie

    2013-03-01

    Viruses are major drivers of global biogeochemistry and the etiological agents of many diseases. They are also the winners in the game of life: there are more viruses on the planet than cellular organisms and they encode most of the genetic diversity on the planet. In fact, it is reasonable to view life as a viral incubator. Nevertheless, most ecological and evolutionary theories were developed, and continue to be developed, without considering the virosphere. This means these theories need to be to reinterpreted in light of viral knowledge or we need to develop new theory from the viral point-of-view. Here we briefly introduce our viral planet and then address a major outstanding question in biology: why is most of life viral? A key insight is that during an infection cycle the original virus is completely broken down and only the associated information is passed on to the next generation. This is different for cellular organisms, which must pass on some physical part of themselves from generation to generation. Based on this premise, it is proposed that the thermodynamic consequences of physical information (e.g., Landauer's principle) are observed in natural viral populations. This link between physical and genetic information is then used to develop the Viral Information Hypothesis, which states that genetic information replicates itself to the detriment of system energy efficiency (i.e., is viral in nature). Finally, we show how viral information can be tested, and illustrate how this novel view can explain existing ecological and evolutionary theories from more fundamental principles.

  9. Information, please... ?

    CERN Document Server

    Ginsparg, Paul H

    2004-01-01

    Stephen Hawking's recent concession that black holes do not irretrievably eradicate information after all has garnered much attention. It is refreshing to see the public focused, if just for a moment, on an important conundrum that has fascinated theoretical physicists for three decades, and prompted much conceptual progress. The scientific issues, however, remain much less settled than Dr. Hawking's celebrated wager on the question.

  10. Yesterday's Information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKay, Martin D.; Stout, J. David

    1999-01-01

    Discusses access to Internet resources in school libraries, including the importance of evaluating content and appropriate use. The following online services that provide current factual information from legitimate resources are described: SIRS (Social Issues Resource Series), InfoTrac, EBSCO Host, SearchBank, and the Electric Library. (MES)

  11. JOB INFORMATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Training Information: TEFL in China Certificate Training Program, with job placement This intensive training program will prepare you as a native speaker of English to be qualified to teach oral English in China, even without previous teaching experience. Dates, venues and fees: Tuition:4,000 yuan

  12. Information Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    infrastructure protection ( CIIP ), interoperability, spectrum shortages, and a lack of R&D funding. Additionally, the US government must consider...Challenge: Critical Information Infrastructure Protection ( CIIP ) Issue: The US relies on various infrastructures (transportation, energy...significant progress that can only be made when industry, government and other security experts work together.83 Recommendations: CIIP should be a high

  13. Information Security

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hartel, Pieter; Suryana Herman, Nanna; Leukfeldt, E.R.; Stol, W.Ph.

    2012-01-01

    Information security is all about the protection of digital assets, such as digital content, personal health records, state secrets etc. These assets can be handled by a party who is authorised to access and control the asset or a party who is not authorised to do so. Authorisation determines who is

  14. Information week...

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2007-01-01

    Here we are at the end of a series of public information meetings held in the Departments. We thank all those who came to find out about the subjects presented and to exchange ideas and opinions. All the positive feedback we have received shows how much you appreciate these meetings. And well, so do we!

  15. Informational precaution

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pieters, Wolter; Mainzer, K.

    2010-01-01

    In environmental ethics, the precautionary principle states that parties should refrain from actions in the face of scientific uncertainties about serious or irreversible harm to public health or the environment. A similar principle is lacking when judging effects of information technology. Such a p

  16. GEOSPATIAL INFORMATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    This paper aimed the problems of limited performance of servers and network in traditional C/S mode, analyzed the characteristic and combination between P2P and KML geospatial information services, and designed new cooperated architecture. The test from practical application in digital city project approved the model can improve date transmission,

  17. Subscription information

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    ISSN print edition:1006-9283 ISSN electronic edition:1862-2763 Volume 50(12 issues)will appear in 2007 Subscription rates For information on subscription rates please contact: Customer Service Chine:sales@ scichina.org North and South America: journals-ny @ springer.com Outside North and South America: subscriptions@springer.com Orders and inquiries:

  18. Rehabilitating Information

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gary Fuhrman

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available In an early paper on logic, C.S. Peirce defined a concept of ‘information’ very different from the later conceptions which gave rise to ‘information science’, and indirectly to current problems such as an overload of ‘useless information’. A study of further developments in Peircean semiotics, and in related conceptual frameworks including the cybernetics of Bateson and the cybersemiotics of Brier, reveals deep relations between Peirce's concept of information and the irreducibly triadic nature of signs. Since all sciences, indeed all cognition and communication, are semiotic processes, the core semiotic principle implicit in the Peircean concept may clarify how our uses of language and other symbolic media can actually inform–and thus transform–the way we humans inhabit the biosphere.

  19. HOTEL INFORMATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Grand Hyatt Beijing Share irresistible moon cakes under the full moon of mid-autumn with friends and family. This year, savor traditional moon cakes prepared with the finest quality. Golden Moon Cake Hamper at 238 yuan consists of eight pieces made of red or white lotus paste, green tea and red been paste. Opening Hours: 7:00 a.m.-9:00 p.m. For more information, please call 010-85181234 ext. 6362

  20. Medizinbibliotheken: Information

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bauer, Bruno

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available [english] The focus of the current issue 3/2014 of GMS Medizin – Bibliothek – Information is the annual conference 2014 of the German Medical Libraries Association in Mannheim. The motto of the conference was “Medical libraries: Information”. The authors in this issue are Michaele Adam (Bibliometrics 2.0 – Altmetrics in Medicine, Bruno Bauer (Open access cooperation in Austria: Open Access Network Austria and Austria – recent developments since 2012, Fabian Gail & Ulrich Korwitz (Market and strategy – results of the ZB MED market study, Sabine Gehrlein (Library goes Anatomy: Anatomical teaching media at Heidelberg University Library, Kaja Scheliga (Opening science: New publication forms in science, Ulrike Ostrzinski (The four types of social media user in the academic and research community. Results of a nationwide study, Sandra Pfob & Alena Ittner (First aid for library use on PC: webinars increase library visits, reach everyone, save costs, Simone Waldboth (Integration of e-learning in the lecture “Information Literacy” at the Provincial College for Health-Care Professions Claudiana, Maike Piegler (The pick up box of the library of the Hamburg medical association – a way to bring scientific information to medical specialists and Christoph Wehrmüller & Heidrun Janka (Medical : Information – Annual meeting 2014 of the German MLA, September 22 to 24 in Mannheim.Furthermore this focus issue features articles from Bruno Bauer (: transformation strategies for subscription-based journaleport on the 8 Open Access Days at Cologne, September 8–9 2014, Eike Hentschel (German MLA News; Pioneer projects in medical libraries 2014: Introduction of the winners; Pioneer projects in medical libraries 2015 – Announcement and Franz J. Kühnen (Klaus Gerber 1934–2014.

  1. JOB INFORMATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    See more at www.chinajob.com The following employers are currently looking to fill positions: 1.Beijing Commercial Information and Consultation Center Contact: Wang Yueyi Phone: 010-62073667 / 010-82012420-672 Web Site: www.bcinet.com.cn E-mail: wangyueyi@bcicc.com 2. Jinan Foreign Language School Contact: Shi Fenghong Phone: 0531-82623006 Web Site: www.jnfls.com E-mail: shhong668@yahoo.com.cn 3. Center for Overseas Academic and Cultural Exchanges,

  2. JOB INFORMATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    1. Questionnaire By Beijing Review and Chinajob.com Thanks for your close attention to our column. We very much appreciate your feedback, on which we depend to offer you the information you need and make this page valuable reading! 1. What are your usual channels for seeking jobs in China? 2. Do you prefer a full-time job or part-time job? 3. What is your preferred job: language teacher, professional in a company or manager?

  3. GEOSPATIAL INFORMATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Research on Lightning Monitoring System Based on the Geo-spatial Combined with the contemporary application of lightning monitoring, this paper aimed to analyze the structure, working principle, and functions of the Lightning Monitoring System based on the geo-spatial framework, which merged modern surveying and mapping of geographic information technologies, and also present the more ac- curate and more in-depth research about lightning disasters.

  4. HOTEL INFORMATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Capital Hotel Mid-Autumn Festival is a time for reunion with family and loved ones. Treat them to a special gift-Capital Hotel moon cakes. This year we present six types of moon cakes, including both traditional favorites and new specialties. Tasty delicacies in fine gift packing, Capital Hotel moon cakes are also an ideal choice for your business associates. For more information or orders, please contact us at 86-10-58159988 ext. 3401/3240.

  5. JOB INFORMATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Training Information: TEFL in China Certificate Training Program, with job placement This intensive training program will prepare you as a native speaker of English to be qualified to teach oral English in China, even without previous teaching experience. Dates, location and fees: Tuition: 4,000 yuan Date: August 12-19 Venue: Friendship Hotel, 1 Zhongguancun Nanjie Street, Beijing Date: August 20-27 Venue: Friendship Hotel, 1 Zhongguancun Nanjie Street, Beijing Date: August 20-27 Venue: Zhongshan City, G...

  6. JOB INFORMATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Training Information: TEFL in China Certificate Training Program, with joh placement This intensive training program will prepare you as a native speaker of English to be qualified to teach oral English in China, even without previous teaching experience. Dates, venues and fees: Tuition: 4,000 yuan Date: August 12-19 Venue: Friendship Hotel,1 Zhongguancun Nanjie Street, Beijing Date: August 20-27 Venue: Friendship Hotel, 1 Zhongguancun Nanjie Street, Beijing Date: August 20-27 Venue: Zhongshan City, Guan...

  7. JOB INFORMATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Training Information: TEFL in China Certificate Training Program, with job placement This intensive training program will prepare you as a native speaker of English to be qualified to teach oral English in China, even without previous teaching experience. Dates, venues and tuition: Tuition: 4,000 yuan Date: August 12-19 Venue: Friendship Hotel, 1 Zhongguancun Nanjie Street, Beijing Date: August 20-27 Venue: Friendship Hotel, 1 Zhongguancun Nanjie Street, Beijing

  8. Information services and information processing

    Science.gov (United States)

    1975-01-01

    Attempts made to design and extend space system capabilities are reported. Special attention was given to establishing user needs for information or services which might be provided by space systems. Data given do not attempt to detail scientific, technical, or economic bases for the needs expressed by the users.

  9. Protecting Information

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loepp, Susan; Wootters, William K.

    2006-09-01

    For many everyday transmissions, it is essential to protect digital information from noise or eavesdropping. This undergraduate introduction to error correction and cryptography is unique in devoting several chapters to quantum cryptography and quantum computing, thus providing a context in which ideas from mathematics and physics meet. By covering such topics as Shor's quantum factoring algorithm, this text informs the reader about current thinking in quantum information theory and encourages an appreciation of the connections between mathematics and science.Of particular interest are the potential impacts of quantum physics:(i) a quantum computer, if built, could crack our currently used public-key cryptosystems; and (ii) quantum cryptography promises to provide an alternative to these cryptosystems, basing its security on the laws of nature rather than on computational complexity. No prior knowledge of quantum mechanics is assumed, but students should have a basic knowledge of complex numbers, vectors, and matrices. Accessible to readers familiar with matrix algebra, vector spaces and complex numbers First undergraduate text to cover cryptography, error-correction, and quantum computation together Features exercises designed to enhance understanding, including a number of computational problems, available from www.cambridge.org/9780521534765

  10. Information resources

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friend, Milton; Franson, J. Christian; Friend, Milton; Gibbs, Samantha E.J.; Wild, Margaret A.

    2015-10-19

    During recent decades, natural resources agency personnel and others involved with the management and stewardship of wildlife have experienced an increasing need to access information and obtain technical assistance for addressing a diverse array of wildlife disease issues. This Chapter provides a broad overview of selected sources for obtaining supplemental information and technical assistance for addressing wildlife disease issues in North America. Specifically, examples of existing major wildlife disease programs focusing on free-ranging wildlife populations are highlighted; training opportunities for enhancing within-agency wildlife disease response are identified; a selected reading list of wildlife disease references is provided; and selected Web sites providing timely information on wildlife disease are highlighted. No attempt is made to detail all the North American programs and capabilities that address disease in free-ranging wildlife populations. Instead, this Chapter is focused on enhancing awareness of the types of capabilities that exist as potential sources for assistance and collaboration between wildlife conservation agency personnel and others in addressing wildlife disease issues.

  11. Informal learning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Callanan, Maureen; Cervantes, Christi; Loomis, Molly

    2011-11-01

    We consider research and theory relevant to the notion of informal learning. Beginning with historical and definitional issues, we argue that learning happens not just in schools or in school-aged children. Many theorists have contrasted informal learning with formal learning. Moving beyond this dichotomy, and away from a focus on where learning occurs, we discuss five dimensions of informal learning that are drawn from the literature: (1) non-didactive, (2) highly socially collaborative, (3) embedded in meaningful activity, (4) initiated by learner's interest or choice, and (5) removed from external assessment. We consider these dimensions in the context of four sample domains: learning a first language, learning about the mind and emotions within families and communities, learning about science in family conversations and museum settings, and workplace learning. Finally, we conclude by considering convergences and divergences across the different literatures and suggesting areas for future research. WIREs Cogni Sci 2011 2 646-655 DOI: 10.1002/wcs.143 For further resources related to this article, please visit the WIREs website.

  12. JOB INFORMATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    See more at www.chinajob.com Teaching Vacancies: Capital University of Economics & Business is looking for for eign teachers with teaching experience. Offer package: 4,000 yuan per month, free accommodation and airfare. For more information, please contact cuebwsb@ 263.net.cn and visit www.cueb.edu.cn Huijia Kindergarten Beijing is looking for kindergarten ESL teachers. Salary is 4,000-6,000 yuan per month. Contact: shin-ingcj1981 @ hotmail.com Website: www.hjkids.com

  13. Information Security

    OpenAIRE

    Hartel, Pieter; Suryana Herman, Nanna; Leukfeldt, E.R.; Stol, W. Ph.

    2005-01-01

    Information security is all about the protection of digital assets, such as digital content, personal health records, state secrets etc. These assets can be handled by a party who is authorised to access and control the asset or a party who is not authorised to do so. Authorisation determines who is trusted to actually handle an asset. Two concepts complement authorisation. Authentication deter-mines who makes a request to handle an asset. To decide who is authorised, a system needs to au-the...

  14. Information Environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Follen, Gregory J.; Naiman, Cynthia

    2003-01-01

    The objective of GRC CNIS/IE work is to build a plug-n-play infrastructure that provides the Grand Challenge Applications with a suite of tools for coupling codes together, numerical zooming between fidelity of codes and gaining deployment of these simulations onto the Information Power Grid. The GRC CNIS/IE work will streamline and improve this process by providing tighter integration of various tools through the use of object oriented design of component models and data objects and through the use of CORBA (Common Object Request Broker Architecture).

  15. JOB INFORMATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Training Information: TEFL in China Certificate Training Program,with Job Placement This intensive training program will prepare you as a native speaker of English to be qualified to teach oral English in China, even without previous teaching experience. Dates,Iocation and fees: Tuition:4.000 yuan Date: August 12-19 Venue: Friendship Hotel, 1 Zhongguancun Nanjie Street,Beijing Date: August 20-27 Venue: Friendship Hotel, 1 Zhongguancun Nanjie Street, Beijing Date: Augast 20-27 Venue: Zhongshan City, Guang...

  16. Information management - Assessing the demand for information

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rogers, William H.

    1991-01-01

    Information demand is defined in terms of both information content (what information) and form (when, how, and where it is needed). Providing the information richness required for flight crews to be informed without overwhelming their information processing capabilities will require a great deal of automated intelligence. It is seen that the essence of this intelligence is comprehending and capturing the demand for information.

  17. Information Sets and Information Processing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Madasu Hanmandlu

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The area of image processing has made rapid strides because of enormous applications it has in different fields. This growth can also be attributed to the increasing use of fuzzy logic in all tasks of image processing as the fuzzy logic facilitates the representation of inherent uncertainty in the image information which can be local or global. For problems like enhancement global information is of interest whereas the local information is needed for the problems of edge detection, segmentation, and recognition. However we need both for the noise removal. The images are of varied types: Medical images (CT scans, MR, X-rays, ECG, etc., satellite images, natural scenes, videos, games, multimedia, biometrics, industrial, astronomical so on and so forth. The approaches to tackle different images have to be different. For example skin texture can’t represented by a colour model.Defence Science Journal, 2011, 61(5, pp.405-407, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.14429/dsj.61.1192

  18. Quantum information

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rodgers, P

    1998-03-01

    There is more to information than a string of ones and zeroes the ability of ''quantum bits'' to be in two states at the same time could revolutionize information technology. In the mid-1930s two influential but seemingly unrelated papers were published. In 1935 Einstein, Podolsky and Rosen proposed the famous EPR paradox that has come to symbolize the mysteries of quantum mechanics. Two years later, Alan Turing introduced the universal Turing machine in an enigmatically titled paper, On computable numbers, and laid the foundations of the computer industry one of the biggest industries in the world today. Although quantum physics is essential to understand the operation of transistors and other solid-state devices in computers, computation itself has remained a resolutely classical process. Indeed it seems only natural that computation and quantum theory should be kept as far apart as possible surely the uncertainty associated with quantum theory is anathema to the reliability expected from computers? Wrong. In 1985 David Deutsch introduced the universal quantum computer and showed that quantum theory can actually allow computers to do more rather than less. The ability of particles to be in a superposition of more than one quantum state naturally introduces a form of parallelism that can, in principle, perform some traditional computing tasks faster than is possible with classical computers. Moreover, quantum computers are capable of other tasks that are not conceivable with their classical counterparts. Similar breakthroughs in cryptography and communication followed. (author)

  19. Information findability :

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stoecker, Nora Kathleen

    2014-03-01

    A Systems Analysis Group has existed at Sandia National Laboratories since at least the mid-1950s. Much of the groups work output (reports, briefing documents, and other materials) has been retained, along with large numbers of related documents. Over time the collection has grown to hundreds of thousands of unstructured documents in many formats contained in one or more of several different shared drives or SharePoint sites, with perhaps five percent of the collection still existing in print format. This presents a challenge. How can the group effectively find, manage, and build on information contained somewhere within such a large set of unstructured documents? In response, a project was initiated to identify tools that would be able to meet this challenge. This report documents the results found and recommendations made as of August 2013.

  20. Fourism Information

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Steam Locomotive Tour Tiefa Coal Industry Group Corp. Ltd. is headquartered in Tieling City, Liaoning Province. At present, the group has 21 steam locomotives and all of them can still be operated. Since 2000, the group has held four steam iocomotive-themed tourist festivals, and has built a special website for steam locomotive tours, an exhibition hall and several special tourist railways, becoming China and the world’s only tourist attraction with operational steam locomotives. In recent years, the tourist attraction has received tourist groups from dozens of countries, including Britain, the United States, France, Japan and Australia, and many domestic tourists, being honored with a "floating steam locomotive museum." Visit http://www.steam-locomotive.cn/ for more information.

  1. Rethinking Defensive Information Warfare

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-06-01

    electronic warfare, and special information operations. Defensive information operations ensure timely, accurate, and relevant information access...information and information systems. IA, physical security, OPSEC, counter-deception, counter-psyops, CI, EW, and special information operations. Ensure

  2. From Information Capitalism to Information Socialism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XiaoFeng

    2005-01-01

    Information technology and information capital are both neutral in character and can serve socialism as well as capitalism. As Karst pointed out, the information society is culturally and institutionally diverse. If in their transformation into social morphology information technology and capital may both end in socialism as well as capitalism, then what is the essential distinction between information capitalism and information socialism?

  3. For information

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    UNIVERSITE DE GENEVE Ecole de physique Département de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, Quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 GENEVE 4 Tél : (022) 379 62 73 Fax: (022) 379 69 92 Mercredi 1er décembre SEMINAIRE DE PHYSIQUE CORPUSCULAIRE à 17:00 - École de Physique, Auditoire Stückelberg, 24, quai Ernest-Ansermet, 1211 Genève 4 Rare Kaon Decays : Opportunities at CERN Prof. Augusto Ceccucci / Experiment NA48, NA48/2, NA48/1 - CERN A review of the current experimental situation will be given with emphasis on recent results obtained at CERN. The speaker will argue that the availability of high energy kaon beams at CERN allows one to make incisive tests of the Standard Model. In particular the NA48 Collaboration has studied the possibility to measure the reaction K' ? ?+ ??- leading to a ~10% precision on the knowledge of the |Vtd| CKM parameter. Prospects to study of the CP-Violating ecays KL ? ?0 e+e-) ?+?- and KL ? ?0 ??- will also be briefly described. Information: http://dpnc.unige.ch/seminaire...

  4. Information Theory: a Multifaceted Model of Information

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark Burgin

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available A contradictory and paradoxical situation that currently exists in information studies can be improved by the introduction of a new information approach, which is called the general theory of information. The main achievement of the general theory of information is explication of a relevant and adequate definition of information. This theory is built as a system of two classes of principles (ontological and sociological and their consequences. Axiological principles, which explain how to measure and evaluate information and information processes, are presented in the second section of this paper. These principles systematize and unify different approaches, existing as well as possible, to construction and utilization of information measures. Examples of such measures are given by Shannon’s quantity of information, algorithmic quantity of information or volume of information. It is demonstrated that all other known directions of information theory may be treated inside general theory of information as its particular cases.

  5. Information and information flow an introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Bremer, Manuel

    2004-01-01

    This book is conceived as an introductory text into the theory of syntactic and semantic information, and information flow. Syntactic information theory is concerned with the information contained in the very fact that some signal has a non-random structure. Semantic information theory is concerned with the meaning or information content of messages and the like. The theory of information flow is concerned with deriving some piece of information from another. The main part will take us to situation semantics as a foundation of modern approaches in information theory. We give a brief overview o

  6. Study on information utility

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Information has two aspects. One aspect is the objective one; another aspect is the subjective one. Shannon has discussed the objective aspect of information in information theory. But the subjective aspect of information has not been fully discussed. Someone use "Bayesian approaches" to evaluate the value of information. But in some cases it does not meet the information user's need. This paper is focus on the subjective aspect of objectively measurable information and gives formal definitions for information, information utility, and marginal information utility, normalized calculation of information utility. The information discussed in the paper has interdisciplinary nature. This work can be the foundation of many application areas.

  7. Agricultural Libraries and Information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russell, Keith W., Ed.; Pisa, Maria G., Ed.

    1990-01-01

    Eleven articles address issues relating to agricultural libraries and information, including background on agricultural libraries and information, trend management, document delivery, reference services, user needs and library services, collection development, technologies for international information management, information sources,…

  8. Informed consent - Providing information about prenatal examinations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dahl, Katja; Kesmodel, Ulrik; Hvidman, Lone

    Prenatal care has gradually moved away from paternalism, to a state where patient autonomy and information is vital. It is known from other health care settings that the way information is presented affects understanding.The objective is to summarize current knowledge on aspects of informing...... pregnant women about prenatal examinations. Women's knowledge, decisional conflict, satisfaction and anxiety will be explored as compared with different ways and different groups of health professionals providing information. To what extent information empowers informed decision making will be explored......, individual sessions and by way of written materials. None of the interventions leads to a raise in anxiety scores or influence up-take rates. Satisfaction with information provided is found unrelated to level of knowledge, but associated with having expectations for information met. Information does not seem...

  9. Information in organisations: directions for information management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joyce Kirk

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available The work of managers in small and medium-sized enterprises is very information-intensive and the environment in which it is done is very information rich. But are managers able to exploit the wealth of information which surrounds them? And how can information be managed in organisations so that its potential for improving business performance and enhancing the competitiveness of these enterprises can be realised? Answers to these questions lie in clarifying the context of the practice of information management by exploring aspects of organisations and managerial work and in exploring the nature of information at the level of the organisation and the individual manager. From these answers it is possible to suggest some guidelines for managing the integration of business strategy and information, the adoption of a broadly-based definition of information and the development of information capabilities.

  10. Rethinking information handling: designing for information offload

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Lone Koefoed; Pedersen, Peter Dalsgård; Eriksson, Eva

    2005-01-01

    This paper introduces information offload as a supplement way of responding to and designing for information. By presenting iFlush, a design concept aiming at providing the user with a possibility to offload information and then instantly dispose of it, the paper presents an approach towards...... designing for reflection and also serves as a critique towards information overload. Furthermore, the absence of reflection on the role played by HCI community in the constant augmenting of all spaces is addressed....

  11. Evolving Information Filtering for Personalized Information Service

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田范江; 李丛蓉; 王鼎兴

    2001-01-01

    Information filtering (IF) systems are important for personalized information service. However, most current IF systems suffer from low quality and long training time. In this paper, a refined evolving information filtering method is presented. This method describes user's information need from multi-aspects and improves filtering quality through a process like natural selection. Experimental result shows this method can shorten training time, improve filtering quality, and reduce the relevance between filtering results and training sequence.

  12. Informe Tebeosfera 2013. La industria de la historieta en España en 2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Barrero

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Anual report of the Tebeosfera Cultural Association (ACyT about the Spanish comics industry, based on the data from the Gran Catálogo de la Historieta (Spanish greatest comics catalog for all the titles distributed in Spain in 2013.

  13. Informe Tebeosfera 2013. La industria de la historieta en España en 2013

    OpenAIRE

    Manuel Barrero

    2014-01-01

    Anual report of the Tebeosfera Cultural Association (ACyT) about the Spanish comics industry, based on the data from the Gran Catálogo de la Historieta (Spanish greatest comics catalog) for all the titles distributed in Spain in 2013.

  14. Information Assurance Security in the Information Environment

    CERN Document Server

    Blyth, Andrew

    2006-01-01

    Intended for IT managers and assets protection professionals, this work aims to bridge the gap between information security, information systems security and information warfare. It covers topics such as the role of the corporate security officer; Corporate cybercrime; Electronic commerce and the global marketplace; Cryptography; and, more.

  15. Quantum Information Theory

    OpenAIRE

    Nielsen, M. A.

    2000-01-01

    Quantum information theory is the study of the achievable limits of information processing within quantum mechanics. Many different types of information can be accommodated within quantum mechanics, including classical information, coherent quantum information, and entanglement. Exploring the rich variety of capabilities allowed by these types of information is the subject of quantum information theory, and of this Dissertation. In particular, I demonstrate several novel limits to the informa...

  16. Computing handbook information systems and information technology

    CERN Document Server

    Topi, Heikki

    2014-01-01

    Disciplinary Foundations and Global ImpactEvolving Discipline of Information Systems Heikki TopiDiscipline of Information Technology Barry M. Lunt and Han ReichgeltInformation Systems as a Practical Discipline Juhani IivariInformation Technology Han Reichgelt, Joseph J. Ekstrom, Art Gowan, and Barry M. LuntSociotechnical Approaches to the Study of Information Systems Steve Sawyer and Mohammad Hossein JarrahiIT and Global Development Erkki SutinenUsing ICT for Development, Societal Transformation, and Beyond Sherif KamelTechnical Foundations of Data and Database ManagementData Models Avi Silber

  17. Dynamics of Information Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Hirsch, Michael J; Murphey, Robert

    2010-01-01

    Our understanding of information and information dynamics has outgrown classical information theory. This book presents the research explaining the importance of information in the evolution of a distributed or networked system. It presents techniques for measuring the value or significance of information within the context of a system

  18. Information Centers at NAL.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frank, Robyn C.

    1989-01-01

    Descriptions of the 12 specialized information centers of the National Agricultural Library (NAL) include subject coverage, information services provided, information technologies used, and staffing. The development of the Rural Information Center, a joint venture between the Extension Service and NAL to provide information services to local…

  19. Aspectos térmico-biológicos da germinação de sementes de cornichão anual sob diferentes temperaturas Thermal-biological aspects on seed germination of hairy bird's-foot trefoil under different temperatures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Ramos Lopes

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo neste trabalho foi determinar as temperaturas mínima, ótima e máxima para a germinação de sementes de Lotus subbiflorus Lag. utilizando-se como parâmetros a porcentagem, a velocidade, a frequência, a entropia informacional de germinação e a entalpia líquida de ativação. O experimento foi realizado em dois lotes com quatro subamostras, cada uma de 100 sementes, e os dados obtidos foram submetidos à análise de variância e ao teste de Tukey. Foram utilizadas oito temperaturas constantes (0, 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30 e 35 ºC com a presença de fotoperíodo. Esta espécie germina numa faixa de temperatura com valores mínimos entre 0 e 5ºC, ótimos entre 15 e 20 ºC e máximos entre 30 e 35 ºC. A velocidade de germinação apresentou-se linearmente dependente da temperatura. Os maiores valores de velocidade de germinação, que ocorreram entre 15 ºC e 20 ºC abaixo e acima desta faixa decresceram significativamente. Os menores valores de entropia informacional ocorreram entre 15 e 20 ºC, mostrando maior sincronização do processo germinvatio nessas temperaturas. O ponto mínimo da entalpia foi atingido a 278 K e o máximo, a 303 K e 290,5 K, ponto no qual a curva cruzou o eixo da abscissaThe objective of this research was to determine the minimal, optimal and maximal temperatures for seed germination of Lotus subbiflorus Lag., using germination percentage, speed, frequency, informational entropy and enthalpy of activation of germination. The experiment was carried out in two lots with four replicates of 100 seeds each. The data were submitted to variance analysis and means were compared by Tukey's test. Eight constant temperatures (0, 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30 and 35 ºC and light exposition (darkness and 8 h of light plus 16 h of darkness were used. This species of seed germinates in a temperature range of minimal values between 0 and 5 ºC, optimal values between 15 and 20 ºC and maximal values between 30 and 35 º

  20. Financial Assistance Information

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Other Sites: Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center Financial Assistance Information The National Institutes of Health (NIH) ... area call 900-638-0742. Top of page Financial Aid for Medical Treatments Information on financial aid ...

  1. Information Development in Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abreu Nunes, Luis Filipe de

    1985-01-01

    Discusses Portuguese information sector (computers, libraries, specialized information services), which is described as very underdeveloped in comparison with other European countries. Highlights include computer applications in information services including national industrial database, INFOLNETI; access to international databases; official…

  2. Personal Information Databases

    CERN Document Server

    Al-Fedaghi, Sabah S

    2009-01-01

    One of the most important aspects of security organization is to establish a framework to identify security significant points where policies and procedures are declared. The (information) security infrastructure comprises entities, processes, and technology. All are participants in handling information, which is the item that needs to be protected. Privacy and security information technology is a critical and unmet need in the management of personal information. This paper proposes concepts and technologies for management of personal information. Two different types of information can be distinguished: personal information and nonpersonal information. Personal information can be either personal identifiable information (PII), or nonidentifiable information (NII). Security, policy, and technical requirements can be based on this distinction. At the conceptual level, PII is defined and formalized by propositions over infons (discrete pieces of information) that specify transformations in PII and NII. PII is ca...

  3. Information for disasters, information disasters, and disastrous information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDonnell, Sharon M; Perry, Helen N; McLaughlin, Brooke; McCurdy, Bronwen; Parrish, R Gibson

    2007-01-01

    Information is needed to support humanitarian responses in every phase of a disaster. Participants of a multilateral working group convened to examine how best to meet these information needs. Although information systems based on routine reporting of diseases are desirable because they have the potential to identify trends, these systems usually do not deliver on their promise due to inadequate organization and management to support them. To identify organizational and management characteristics likely to be associated with successful information systems in disaster settings, evaluations of the Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response (IDSR) programs in 12 participating countries were reviewed. Characteristics that were mentioned repeatedly in the evaluations as associated with success were grouped into nine categories: (1) human resources management and supervision; (2) political support; (3) strengthened laboratory capacity; (4) communication and feedback (through many mechanisms); (5) infrastructure and resources; (6) system design and capacity; (7) coordination and partnerships with stakeholders; (8) community input; and (9) evaluation. Selected characteristics and issues within each category are discussed. Based on the review of the IDSR evaluations and selected articles in the published literature, recommendations are provided for improving the short- and long-term organization and management of information systems in humanitarian responses associated with disasters. It is suggested that information systems that follow these recommendations are more likely to yield quality information and be sustainable even in disaster settings.

  4. Towards Information Security Awareness

    OpenAIRE

    Marius Petrescu; Delia Mioara Popescu; Nicoleta Sirbu

    2010-01-01

    Information security has come to be recognized as increasingly important because global communication and information systems allow a potentially large number of unauthorized users to access and possibly alter information from around the world. As the dependence on information systems grows, so the security of information networks becomes ever more critical to any entity, no matter if it is a company or a public institution. Information security involves both technology and people. Any securi...

  5. Information protection playbook

    CERN Document Server

    Kane, Greg

    2013-01-01

    The primary goal of the Information Protection Playbook is to serve as a comprehensive resource for information protection (IP) professionals who must provide adequate information security at a reasonable cost. It emphasizes a holistic view of IP: one that protects the applications, systems, and networks that deliver business information from failures of confidentiality, integrity, availability, trust and accountability, and privacy. Using the guidelines provided in the Information Protection Playbook, security and information technology (IT) managers will learn how to

  6. Institutionalizing information security.

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    Information security has become a much discussed subject all over the world in the last few years. This is because information security is no longer a luxury, but a necessity in all organisations. The securing of information is not an easy task because information security is flexible and always seems to be in a state of development. This means that information security has undergone different development changes due to new technologies in the past few years. Information security became promi...

  7. Energy information sheets

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-07-01

    The National Energy Information Center (NEIC), as part of its mission, provides energy information and referral assistance to Federal, State, and local governments, the academic community, business and industrial organizations, and the public. The Energy Information Sheets was developed to provide general information on various aspects of fuel production, prices, consumption, and capability. Additional information on related subject matter can be found in other Energy Information Administration (EIA) publications as referenced at the end of each sheet.

  8. Strategic information security

    CERN Document Server

    Wylder, John

    2003-01-01

    Introduction to Strategic Information SecurityWhat Does It Mean to Be Strategic? Information Security Defined The Security Professional's View of Information Security The Business View of Information SecurityChanges Affecting Business and Risk Management Strategic Security Strategic Security or Security Strategy?Monitoring and MeasurementMoving Forward ORGANIZATIONAL ISSUESThe Life Cycles of Security ManagersIntroductionThe Information Security Manager's Responsibilities The Evolution of Data Security to Information SecurityThe Repository Concept Changing Job Requirements Business Life Cycles

  9. Information Technology - Information Overload for Strategic Leaders

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    levels of war. Information technology has also eroded the concept of centralized control and decentralized execution. This paper seeks to identify...weaknesses associated with information technology and increase the awareness of its undesired effects. The paper will first describe systems essential...leaders and organizations. It will conclude with considerations needed to ensure information technology is seen as a commodity and not a detriment.

  10. Too Much Information Sharing?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ganuza, Juan José; Jansen, Jos

    2013-01-01

    By using general information structures and precision criteria based on the dispersion of conditional expectations, we study how oligopolists’ information acquisition decisions may change the effects of information sharing on the consumer surplus. Sharing information about individual cost...... parameters gives the following trade-off in Cournot oligopoly. On the one hand, it decreases the expected consumer surplus for a given information precision, as the literature shows. On the other hand, information sharing increases the firms’ incentives to acquire information, and the consumer surplus...... increases in the precision of the firms’ information. Interestingly, the latter effect may dominate the former effect....

  11. FFRRO Program Information

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This asset includes information related to Cleanups at Federal Facilities. Information is provided about contaminated federal facility sites in specific communities,...

  12. Aeronautical Information System -

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Transportation — The Aeronautical Information System (AIS) is a leased weather automated system that provides a means of collecting and distributing aeronautical weather information...

  13. Aeronautical Information System Replacement

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Transportation — Aeronautical Information System Replacement is a web-enabled, automation means for the collection and distribution of Service B messages, weather information, flight...

  14. INFORMATION SCIENCES, 1965

    Science.gov (United States)

    identification and classification, (c) transmission of information, (d) adaptive and self-organizing systems, (e) language and linguistics research, and (f) theoretical foundations of information sciences .

  15. Information about Musculoskeletal Conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... AAOS Orthopaedic Disclosure Program Position Statements Information Statements Ethics Resources Resolutions Patient, Public & Media Information OrthoInfo Patient Education Newsroom/Media Resources Find ...

  16. Collaborative information seeking

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hertzum, Morten

    2008-01-01

    , the activities involved in information seeking are often performed by varying subgroups of actors. Consequently, collaborative grounding is necessary to share information among collaborating actors and, thereby, establish and maintain the common ground necessary for their collaborative work. By focusing......Since common ground is pivotal to collaboration, this paper proposes to define collaborative information seeking as the combined activity of information seeking and collaborative grounding. While information-seeking activities are necessary for collaborating actors to acquire new information...... on the collaborative level, collaborative information seeking aims to avoid both individual reductionism and group reductionism, while at the same time recognizing that only some information and understanding need be shared....

  17. Informational trends for organizations in information society

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Companies have always been very carefully managed money, raw materials, machines and human resources. Today, they recognize the growing importance of the fifth big resource: information. They have finally understood that the within the global market with increased competition, using modern methods for planning, coordination and control, a company can-not function without acknowledging information and communications technology progress.

  18. Floridi's Philosophy of Information and Information Ethics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ess, Charles

    2009-01-01

    In order to evaluate Floridi's philosophy of information (PI) and correlative information ethics (IE) as potential frameworks for a global information and computing ethics (ICE), I review a range of important criticisms, defenses, and extensions of PI and IE, along with Floridi's responses to these......, as gathered together in a recent special issue of Ethics and Information Technology. A revised and expanded version of PI and IE emerges here, one that brings to the foreground PI's status as a philosophical naturalism—one with both current application and important potential in the specific domains...... of privacy and information law. Further, the pluralism already articulated by Floridi in his PI is now more explicitly coupled with an ethical pluralism in IE that will be enhanced through IE's further incorporation of discourse ethics. In this form, PI and IE emerge as still more robust frameworks...

  19. Health information seeking in the information society.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mukherjee, Abir; Bawden, David

    2012-09-01

    This article is the second student contribution to the Dissertations into Practice feature. It reports on a study that investigated the everyday health information-seeking practices of a small group of the 'general public' and the implications for information-seeking theory and health information provision. The first student article, about the implementation of radio frequency identification (RFID) in a hospital library, was very different, and the two articles illustrate the broad spectrum of possible subjects for the Dissertations into Practice feature. This study was conducted in summer 2011 by Abir Mukherjee for his MSc dissertation in the Library and Information Sciences programme at City University London. Further information and copies of the full dissertation may be obtained from Abir Mukherjee or David Bawden. AM.

  20. Mission Medical Information System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson-Throop, Kathy A.; Joe, John C.; Follansbee, Nicole M.

    2008-01-01

    This viewgraph presentation gives an overview of the Mission Medical Information System (MMIS). The topics include: 1) What is MMIS?; 2) MMIS Goals; 3) Terrestrial Health Information Technology Vision; 4) NASA Health Information Technology Needs; 5) Mission Medical Information System Components; 6) Electronic Medical Record; 7) Longitudinal Study of Astronaut Health (LSAH); 8) Methods; and 9) Data Submission Agreement (example).

  1. Information Systems Security Audit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gheorghe Popescu

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available The article covers:Defining an information system; benefits obtained by introducing new information technologies; IT management;Defining prerequisites, analysis, design, implementation of IS; Information security management system; aspects regarding IS security policy; Conceptual model of a security system; Auditing information security systems and network infrastructure security.

  2. Dialing Up Telecommunications Information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bates, Mary Ellen

    1993-01-01

    Describes how to find accurate, current information about telecommunications industries, products and services, rates and tariffs, and regulatory information using electronic information resources available from the private and public sectors. A sidebar article provides contact information for producers and service providers. (KRN)

  3. Spatial Information Storage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladimir Markelov

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The article describes the spatial information storage, shows the features of spatial information and of such storage systems formation. Requirements for information storage technologies and for the data management in storage systems are determined. Cartographic information storage and updating features are shown. The article proves that intelligent solutions are the most efficient means of working with large amounts of spatial data.

  4. INFORMATION SCIENCES, 1967

    Science.gov (United States)

    Summaries of projects current during fiscal year 1967 (1 July 1966 through 30 June 1967) are given within six categories: (a) information systems research, (b) information identification and classification, (c) transmission of information, (d) adaptive and self-organizing systems, (e) language and linguistics research, and (f) theoretical foundations of information sciences . Brief comments are made about each category

  5. Information Systems Security Audit

    OpenAIRE

    Gheorghe Popescu; Veronica Adriana Popescu; Cristina Raluca Popescu

    2007-01-01

    The article covers:Defining an information system; benefits obtained by introducing new information technologies; IT management;Defining prerequisites, analysis, design, implementation of IS; Information security management system; aspects regarding IS security policy; Conceptual model of a security system; Auditing information security systems and network infrastructure security.

  6. Information science in transition

    CERN Document Server

    Gilchrist, Alan

    2013-01-01

    Are we at a turning point in digital information? The expansion of the internet is unprecedented. Will information science become part of computer science and does rise of the term informatics demonstrate convergence of information science and information technology - a convergence that must surely develop? This work reflects on such issues.

  7. Aquaculture Information Package

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boyd, T.; Rafferty, K. [editors

    1998-01-01

    This package of information is intended to provide background to developers of geothermal aquaculture projects. The material is divided into eight sections and includes information on market and price information for typical species, aquaculture water quality issues, typical species culture information, pond heat loss calculations, an aquaculture glossary, regional and university aquaculture offices and state aquaculture permit requirements.

  8. Delaying information search

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yaniv Shani

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available In three studies, we examined factors that may temporarily attenuate information search. People are generally curious and dislike uncertainty, which typically encourages them to look for relevant information. Despite these strong forces that promote information search, people sometimes deliberately delay obtaining valuable information. We find they may do so when they are concerned that the information might interfere with future pleasurable activities. Interestingly, the decision to search or to postpone searching for information is influenced not only by the value and importance of the information itself but also by well-being maintenance goals related to possible detrimental effects that negative knowledge may have on unrelated future plans.

  9. Survey of information security

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHEN ChangXiang; ZHANG HuangGuo; FENG DengGuo; CAO ZhenFu; HUANG JiWu

    2007-01-01

    The 21st century is the age of information when information becomes an important strategic resource. The information obtaining, processing and security guarantee capability are playing critical roles in comprehensive national power, and information security is related to the national security and social stability. Therefore, we should take measures to ensure the information security of our country. In recent years, momentous accomplishments have been obtained with the rapid development of jnformation security technology. There are extensive theories about information security and technology. However, due to the limitation of length, this article mainly focuses on the research and development of cryptology, trusted computing, security of network, and information hiding, etc.

  10. Handbook of information science

    CERN Document Server

    Stock, Wolfgang G

    2013-01-01

    Dealing with information is one of the vital skills in thetwenty-first century. It takes a fair degree of information savvy to create, represent and supply information as well as to search for and retrieve relevant knowledge. This Handbook is a basic work of information science, providing a comprehensive overview of the current state of information retrieval and knowledge representation. It addresses readers from all professions and scientific disciplines, but particularly scholars, practitioners and students of Information Science, Library Science, Computer Science, Information Management, an

  11. Quantum information theory

    CERN Document Server

    Nielsen, M A

    1998-01-01

    Quantum information theory is the study of the achievable limits of information processing within quantum mechanics. Many different types of information can be accommodated within quantum mechanics, including classical information, coherent quantum information, and entanglement. Exploring the rich variety of capabilities allowed by these types of information is the subject of quantum information theory, and of this Dissertation. In particular, I demonstrate several novel limits to the information processing ability of quantum mechanics. Results of especial interest include: the demonstration of limitations to the class of measurements which may be performed in quantum mechanics; a capacity theorem giving achievable limits to the transmission of classical information through a two-way noiseless quantum channel; resource bounds on distributed quantum computation; a new proof of the quantum noiseless channel coding theorem; an information-theoretic characterization of the conditions under which quantum error-cor...

  12. Informed Consent and Routinisation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ploug, Thomas; Holm, Søren

    2013-01-01

    This article introduces the notion of ‘routinisation’ into discussions of informed consent. It is argued that the routinisation of informed consent poses a threat to the protection of the personal autonomy of a patient through the negotiation of informed consent. On the basis of a large survey, we...... on the character of the information exchanged, and we uncover a range of causes of routinisation. Finally, the article discusses possible ways of countering the problem of routinisation of informed consent....

  13. CAREERS IN INFORMATION SCIENCE,

    Science.gov (United States)

    Information Science . Sets forth that Information Science is concerned with the properties, behavior, and flow of information...Describes how it is used, both by individuals and in large systems. Discusses the opportunities in Information Science and outlines three relatively...6or participation in these career areas. Concludes that Information Science is a new but rapidly growing field pushing the frontiers of human knowledge and, thus, 3ontributing to human wellbeing and progress.

  14. Information technology made simple

    CERN Document Server

    Carter, Roger

    1991-01-01

    Information Technology: Made Simple covers the full range of information technology topics, including more traditional subjects such as programming languages, data processing, and systems analysis. The book discusses information revolution, including topics about microchips, information processing operations, analog and digital systems, information processing system, and systems analysis. The text also describes computers, computer hardware, microprocessors, and microcomputers. The peripheral devices connected to the central processing unit; the main types of system software; application soft

  15. Information Security Management

    OpenAIRE

    Huang, Lu

    2015-01-01

    The main purpose of the thesis was to present different areas of information security controls based on the international information security standard ISO 27001. The thesis also describes the methods of risk analysis and how to establish, implement, maintain and improve information security system in organizations. Most of the material was collected from books and various online resources. Some information was taken also from the teaching materials of the information security course. ...

  16. Electronic healthcare information security

    CERN Document Server

    Dube, Kudakwashe; Shoniregun, Charles A

    2010-01-01

    The ever-increasing healthcare expenditure and pressing demand for improved quality and efficiency of patient care services are driving innovation in healthcare information management. The domain of healthcare has become a challenging testing ground for information security due to the complex nature of healthcare information and individual privacy. ""Electronic Healthcare Information Security"" explores the challenges of e-healthcare information and security policy technologies. It evaluates the effectiveness of security and privacy implementation systems for anonymization methods and techniqu

  17. Evolutionary Information Theory

    OpenAIRE

    Mark Burgin

    2013-01-01

    Evolutionary information theory is a constructive approach that studies information in the context of evolutionary processes, which are ubiquitous in nature and society. In this paper, we develop foundations of evolutionary information theory, building several measures of evolutionary information and obtaining their properties. These measures are based on mathematical models of evolutionary computations, machines and automata. To measure evolutionary information in an invariant form, we const...

  18. Aquaculture information package

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boyd, T.; Rafferty, K.

    1998-08-01

    This package of information is intended to provide background information to developers of geothermal aquaculture projects. The material is divided into eight sections and includes information on market and price information for typical species, aquaculture water quality issues, typical species culture information, pond heat loss calculations, an aquaculture glossary, regional and university aquaculture offices and state aquaculture permit requirements. A bibliography containing 68 references is also included.

  19. Digital Information and Value

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Walton

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Digital information changes the ways in which people and organisations interact. This paper examines the nature of this change in the context of the author’s Model for Information (MfI. It investigates the relationship between outcomes and value, selection processes and some attributes of information and explores how this relationship changes in the move from analogue to digital information. Selection processes shape the evolution of information ecosystems in which conventions are established for the ways in which information is used. The conventions determine norms for information friction and information quality as well as the sources of information and channels used. Digital information reduces information friction, often dramatically, and changes information quality. The increasing use of analytics in business increasingly delivers predictive or prescriptive digital information. These changes are happening faster than information ecosystem conventions can change. The relationships established in the paper enable an analysis of, and guide changes to, these conventions enabling a more effective use of digital information.

  20. Avoiding health information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barbour, Joshua B; Rintamaki, Lance S; Ramsey, Jason A; Brashers, Dale E

    2012-01-01

    This study investigated why and how individuals avoid health information to support the development of models of uncertainty and information management and offer insights for those dealing with the information and uncertainty inherent to health and illness. Participants from student (n = 507) and community (n = 418) samples reported that they avoided health information to (a) maintain hope or deniability, (b) resist overexposure, (c) accept limits of action, (d) manage flawed information, (e) maintain boundaries, and (f) continue with life/activities. They also reported strategies for avoiding information, including removing or ignoring stimuli (e.g., avoiding people who might provide health advice) and controlling conversations (e.g., withholding information, changing the subject). Results suggest a link between previous experience with serious illness and health information avoidance. Building on uncertainty management theory, this study demonstrated that health information avoidance is situational, relatively common, not necessarily unhealthy, and may be used to accomplish multiple communication goals.

  1. Evolutionary Information Theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark Burgin

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Evolutionary information theory is a constructive approach that studies information in the context of evolutionary processes, which are ubiquitous in nature and society. In this paper, we develop foundations of evolutionary information theory, building several measures of evolutionary information and obtaining their properties. These measures are based on mathematical models of evolutionary computations, machines and automata. To measure evolutionary information in an invariant form, we construct and study universal evolutionary machines and automata, which form the base for evolutionary information theory. The first class of measures introduced and studied in this paper is evolutionary information size of symbolic objects relative to classes of automata or machines. In particular, it is proved that there is an invariant and optimal evolutionary information size relative to different classes of evolutionary machines. As a rule, different classes of algorithms or automata determine different information size for the same object. The more powerful classes of algorithms or automata decrease the information size of an object in comparison with the information size of an object relative to weaker4 classes of algorithms or machines. The second class of measures for evolutionary information in symbolic objects is studied by introduction of the quantity of evolutionary information about symbolic objects relative to a class of automata or machines. To give an example of applications, we briefly describe a possibility of modeling physical evolution with evolutionary machines to demonstrate applicability of evolutionary information theory to all material processes. At the end of the paper, directions for future research are suggested.

  2. Finding information. Academic, informative, or research skill

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Álvarez, Juan Carlos

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper is intended to describe the results of a study of training the ability to obtain scientific data. The need and importance of the topic, in the era of the information and the knowledge, is backed up. Global current tendencies on the abilities in the handling and use of the scientific information are reviewed on the basis of regularities and inconsistencies. This leads to define the ability and its corresponding operational system.

  3. Informativeness of Economics and Information Terminology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elvyra Tadauskienė

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Informativeness of economics and information terminology is being discussed in the article. As there exist too types of the terminology (international and Lithuanian, when translating it is necessary to make them uniform. Recommendations are given when to use international words and when their Lithuanian equi-valents. When dealing with the problem a bigger contribution should be introduced to this by the language surveillance institutions and the authors of the dictionaries.

  4. Wind energy information directory

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1979-10-01

    Wind Energy Information has been prepared to provide researchers, designers, manufacturers, distributors, dealers, and users of wind energy conversion systems with easy access to technical information. This directory lists organizations and publications which have the main objective of promoting the use of wind energy conversion systems, some organizations that can respond to requests for information on wind energy or make referrals to other sources of information, and some publications that occasionally include information on wind energy. The bibliography contains references to information for both the neophyte and the expert.

  5. Energy information sheets

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1993-12-02

    The National Energy Information Center (NEIC), as part of its mission, provides energy information and referral assistance to Federal, State, and local governments, the academic community, business and industrial organizations, and the general public. Written for the general public, the EIA publication Energy Information Sheets was developed to provide information on various aspects of fuel production, prices, consumption and capability. The information contained herein pertains to energy data as of December 1991. Additional information on related subject matter can be found in other EIA publications as referenced at the end of each sheet.

  6. National Pesticide Information Center

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... any pest." Herbicides Disinfectants Fungicides Insecticides Natural and Biological Pesticides Repellents Rodenticides Other types of pesticides Local Contacts Find local pesticide & pest control information Pesticide Information and Resources: Frequently Asked Questions: ...

  7. Informed Food Choice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Coff, Christian

    2014-01-01

    of informed food choice. An informed food choice is an enlightened food choice made by the individual based on the information made available. Food choices are made when shopping for food or when eating/drinking, and information is believed to give clarity to the options by increasing market transparency......, supporting rationality (the best choice), consumers’ self-governance (autonomy) and life coherence (integrity). On a practical level, informed food choice remains an ideal to strive for, as information on food often is inadequate.......Food production and consumption influence health, the environment, social structures, etc. For this reason consumers are increasingly interested in information about these effects. Disclosure of information about the consequences of food production and consumption is essential for the idea...

  8. Geographical information systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Möller, Bernd

    2004-01-01

    The chapter gives an introduction to Geographical Information Systems (GIS) with particular focus on their application within environmental management.......The chapter gives an introduction to Geographical Information Systems (GIS) with particular focus on their application within environmental management....

  9. Indiana Health Information Exchange

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Indiana Health Information Exchange is comprised of various Indiana health care institutions, established to help improve patient safety and is recognized as a best practice for health information exchange.

  10. RCRA Facility Information

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This asset includes hazardous waste information, which is mostly contained in the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act Information (RCRAInfo) System, a national...

  11. National Rehabilitation Information Center

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... including News and Notes) Welcome to the National Rehabilitation Information Center! We are conducting improvements to the ... experience. We apologize for any inconvenience The National Rehabilitation Information Center ( NARIC ) is the library of the ...

  12. Informed food choice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Coff, Christian Eyde

    2014-01-01

    Food production and consumption influence health, the environment, social structures, etc. For this reason consumers are increasingly interested in information about these effects. Disclosure of information about the consequences of food production and consumption is essential for the idea...... of informed food choice. An informed food choice is an enlightened food choice made by the individual based on the information made available. Food choices are made when shopping for food or when eating/drinking, and information is believed to give clarity to the options by increasing market transparency......, supporting rationality (the best choice), consumers’ self-governance (autonomy) and life coherence (integrity). On a practical level, informed food choice remains an ideal to strive for, as information on food often is inadequate....

  13. Sleep Apnea Information Page

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Page You are here Home » Disorders » All Disorders Sleep Apnea Information Page Sleep Apnea Information Page Search Disorders Search NINDS SEARCH ... Institutes of Health (NIH) conduct research related to sleep apnea in laboratories at the NIH, and also ...

  14. Informal Information Sources and Information Seeking Behavior: Investigating the Causes and Factors Affecting Users’ Inclination towards Informal Information Sources

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reza Mokhtarpour

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Research within Library and Information Sciences bespeaks of the significant tendency of (expert and non-expert users towards informal information sources. Nevertheless, it seems that the literature have not dealt adequately with causes and factors affecting such tendency. The present paper provides a retrospect on some of the researches conducted with respect to the typology of information resources used by searchers. It further attempts to enunciate the most important reasons for users preference toward informal information sources. The author maintains that the very social nature of man, the principle of least effort, human sense of credulity, economic considerations as well as information overloads are among the most important reasons for using informal resources. Author maintains that the increasing tendency of users towards informal sources would in not too distant future result in user apathy towards such traditional information sources as book and library.

  15. Nota sobre la estancia anual del Triguero (Emberiza calandra en Guipúzcoa.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DIAZ, P., DIAZ, A., SECO, A., RUBIO, N.

    1985-01-01

    Full Text Available Se confirma la nidificación del Triguero (Emberiza calandra en Guipúzcoa, a la vez que aporta datos sobre su evolución estacional. Las observaciones realizadas permiten asegurar el comportamiento estival de esta especie en la región.

  16. Latindex : XIII reunión técnica anual

    OpenAIRE

    Giménez Toledo, Elea

    2008-01-01

    Un año más, los países que participamos en el proyecto Latindex nos hemos reunido para hacer balance del trabajo realizado, discutir cuestiones metodológicas que surgen inevitablemente al trabajar con revistas y para reflexionar sobre los desarrollos futuros de este sistema de información.

  17. Ciclo anual del fitoplancton en el lago de Rio Cuarto, Costa Rica (ING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liliana Camacho V.

    2016-03-01

    Seasonal differences in the amount of rainfall and annual period of deeper circulation were the major factors regulating annual cycle of phytoplankton, via their control of nutrient supply. Because of increase of highly competitive species, the Shannon-Weaver index exhibits the lowest values during the growth maxima of phytoplankton occurrence.

  18. Annual report and accounting statements 2007: ELETROBRAS; Relatorio anual e demonstracoes contabeis 2007: ELETROBRAS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2007-07-01

    This document reports the actives of the ELETROBRAS during the year 2007 related to: electricity market, international activities, strategic planning, financial indicators, business analysis, relationship with investors, energy marketing, operational research, technological development, financial statements, social responsibility and environment

  19. ELIMINACIÓN DE LA DUREZA SEMINAL EN LAS LEGUMINOSAS PRATENSES ANUALES AUTÓCTONAS

    OpenAIRE

    Olea, L.; de d. Pozo, J.; Paredes, J.; Anarte, J. M.

    2011-01-01

    La escarificación por vía húmeda es el mejor método de eliminación de la dureza seminal para Mgdicago PolyB?g£Bba (80%), Trifolium glgmeratum (92%) y Hedysarum SQgpfiágiüro con legumbre (62%); con secado posterior de la semilla estos porcentajes disminuyen considerablemente, al igual que con el método de vía química (sólo es efectivo para Ornithppus comeressus) . La escarificación mecánica puede ser sustituida por la trilla de semilla con trilladora apropiada para pratenses.

  20. Bernard van Leer Foundation Annual Review 1993 = Fundacion Bernard van Leer Revista Anual 1993.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bernard Van Leer Foundation, The Hague (Netherlands).

    This report, in both English and Spanish versions, aims to highlight the Bernard van Leer Foundation's identity, objectives, and major activities, as well as the work undertaken by the projects the foundation supports. The review features articles on the Foundation's work on advocacy, supporting families living in disadvantaged circumstances,…

  1. Sumário dos Resumos submetidos ao Congresso anual da SPA 2014

    OpenAIRE

    SPA, Comissão Científica

    2014-01-01

    Sumário     Editorial | Pág. 5   Comunicações Orais | Pág. 7   Informação geral sobre os Pósters | Pág.. 8     PO01–A1492 | Hipotermia – é necessário mudar de estratégia | Pág. 9   PO02–A1497 | A baixa reserva funcional como fator de risco para delirium pós- operatório (DPO) | Pág. 9 e 10   PO03–A1506 | Infecção nosocomial em cirurgia ortopédica: um estudo coorte prospectivo | Pág. 10   PO04–A1514 | Infusão contínua da ferida cirúrgica: a (r)evolução na analgesia pós- operatória? - a propósit...

  2. Evaluating personal information retrieval

    OpenAIRE

    Kelly, Liadh; Bunbury, Paul; Jones, Gareth J.F.

    2012-01-01

    Evaluation of personal search over an individual’s personal information space on the desktop or elsewhere is problematic for reasons relating both to the personal and private nature of the data and the associated personal information needs of collection owners. Indeed challenges associated with evaluation in this space are recognised as one of the key factors hindering the development of research in personal information retrieval. We present the “personal information retrieval evaluatio...

  3. Information security culture.

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    The current study originated from the realisation that information security is no longer solely dependent on technology. Information security breaches are often caused by users, most of the time internal to the organisation, who compromise the technology-driven solutions. This interaction between people and the information systems is seemingly the weakest link in information security. A people-oriented approach is needed to address this problem. Incorporating the human element into informatio...

  4. Personal Information Databases

    OpenAIRE

    Al-Fedaghi, Sabah S.; Thalheim, Bernhard

    2009-01-01

    One of the most important aspects of security organization is to establish a framework to identify security significant points where policies and procedures are declared. The (information) security infrastructure comprises entities, processes, and technology. All are participants in handling information, which is the item that needs to be protected. Privacy and security information technology is a critical and unmet need in the management of personal information. This paper proposes concepts ...

  5. Public informations guidelines

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1986-06-01

    The purpose of these Public Information Guidelines is to provide principles for the implementation of the NWPA mandate and the Mission Plan requirements for the provision of public information. These Guidelines set forth the public information policy to be followed by all Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM) performance components. The OCRWM offices should observe these Guidelines in shaping and conducting public information activities.

  6. Types of quantum information

    OpenAIRE

    Griffiths, Robert B.

    2007-01-01

    Quantum, in contrast to classical, information theory, allows for different incompatible types (or species) of information which cannot be combined with each other. Distinguishing these incompatible types is useful in understanding the role of the two classical bits in teleportation (or one bit in one-bit teleportation), for discussing decoherence in information-theoretic terms, and for giving a proper definition, in quantum terms, of ``classical information.'' Various examples (some updating...

  7. Algorithmic information theory

    OpenAIRE

    Grünwald, P.D.; Vitányi, P.M.B.; Adriaans, P.; van Benthem, J.

    2008-01-01

    We introduce algorithmic information theory, also known as the theory of Kolmogorov complexity. We explain the main concepts of this quantitative approach to defining 'information'. We discuss the extent to which Kolmogorov's and Shannon's information theory have a common purpose, and where they are fundamentally different. We indicate how recent developments within the theory allow one to formally distinguish between 'structural' (meaningful) and 'random' information as measured by the Kolmo...

  8. Algorithmic information theory

    OpenAIRE

    Grünwald, P.D.; Vitányi, P.M.B.

    2008-01-01

    We introduce algorithmic information theory, also known as the theory of Kolmogorov complexity. We explain the main concepts of this quantitative approach to defining `information'. We discuss the extent to which Kolmogorov's and Shannon's information theory have a common purpose, and where they are fundamentally different. We indicate how recent developments within the theory allow one to formally distinguish between `structural' (meaningful) and `random' information as measured by the Kolmo...

  9. Designing information systems

    CERN Document Server

    Blethyn, Stanley G

    2014-01-01

    Designing Information Systems focuses on the processes, methodologies, and approaches involved in designing information systems. The book first describes systems, management and control, and how to design information systems. Discussions focus on documents produced from the functional construction function, users, operators, analysts, programmers and others, process management and control, levels of management, open systems, design of management information systems, and business system description, partitioning, and leveling. The text then takes a look at functional specification and functiona

  10. Quantum information causality

    OpenAIRE

    Pitalúa-García, Damián

    2012-01-01

    How much information can a transmitted physical system fundamentally communicate? We introduce the principle of quantum information causality, which states the maximum amount of quantum information that a quantum system can communicate as a function of its dimension, independently of any previously shared quantum physical resources. We present a new quantum information task, whose success probability is upper bounded by the new principle, and show that an optimal strategy to perform it combin...

  11. Situational appropriation of information

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Purpose In contrast to the interest of describing and managing the social processes of knowing, information science and information and knowledge management research have put less emphasis on discussing how particular information becomes usable and how it is used in different contexts and situations. The purpose of this paper is to address this major gap, and introduce and discuss the applicability of the notion of situational appropriation of information for shedding light on this particular...

  12. Futures Information Interchange.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Massachusetts Univ., Amherst. School of Education.

    This newsletter is an information exchange effort on the part of the Futures Information Center being established at the University of Massachusetts. Typical issues will contain information on innovative lesson plans, ideas, materials, project descriptions, or other facets which are being implemented at various levels and schools on the topic of…

  13. Information Technology Initiative (Videorecording),

    Science.gov (United States)

    Physical description: 1 VHS video; col.; sd.; mono.; standard playback sp.; 35:40 mins.; 1/2 in. In this video, Dr. Kurt Fisher, Deputy Director for Information Technology , introduces the Corporate Information Management (CIM) program and explains the following major technical initiatives: reuse/repositories; I-case; data administration; information technology architecture; software process improvement; standards.

  14. The Information Search

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doraiswamy, Uma

    2011-01-01

    This paper in the form of story discusses a college student's information search process. In this story we see Kuhlthau's information search process: initiation, selection, exploration, formulation, collection, and presentation. Katie is a student who goes in search of information for her class research paper. Katie's class readings, her interest…

  15. Kuhlthau's Information Search Process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shannon, Donna

    2002-01-01

    Explains Kuhlthau's Information Search Process (ISP) model which is based on a constructivist view of learning and provides a framework for school library media specialists for the design of information services and instruction. Highlights include a shift from library skills to information skills; attitudes; process approach; and an interview with…

  16. Perspectives on Information

    CERN Document Server

    Ramage, Magnus

    2011-01-01

    This book presents an insider's perspective on information in a wide range of disciplines, from quantum physics to library science. It reflects the diversity of understanding of information within these disciplines, but also brings clarity and coherence to the different perspectives through promoting information as a unifying concept.

  17. Is Information Still Relevant?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Lia

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: The term "information" in information science does not share the characteristics of those of a nomenclature: it does not bear a generally accepted definition and it does not serve as the bases and assumptions for research studies. As the data deluge has arrived, is the concept of information still relevant for information…

  18. Evaluating Health Information

    Science.gov (United States)

    Millions of consumers get health information from magazines, TV or the Internet. Some of the information is reliable and up to date; some is not. How can ... the site have an editorial board? Is the information reviewed before it is posted? Be skeptical. Things ...

  19. Mobile Student Information System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asif, Muhammad; Krogstie, John

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: A mobile student information system (MSIS) based on mobile computing and context-aware application concepts can provide more user-centric information services to students. The purpose of this paper is to describe a system for providing relevant information to students on a mobile platform. Design/methodology/approach: The research…

  20. Museums, Environments, Information

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koutamanis, A.

    2015-01-01

    Modern digital media already permeate the physical world. The portability of information devices and the ubiquity of networks allow us to access information practically anyplace, creating digital overlays on reality. This also allows us to bring information we routinely archive in museums and collec

  1. MILITARY INFORMATION SYSTEMS,

    Science.gov (United States)

    upward are usually indications of how effectively the system is developing or operating. The use of computers in information systems tends to increase...computers into information systems must always begin at the lowest level of aggregation in the job hierarchy. Only those information-processing jobs

  2. Information Law and Copyright.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marx, Peter A.

    1986-01-01

    Because of information law's inability to keep up with rapid changes in information technology and impreciseness of the law, copyrighting of databases poses unique problems. Interpretation of fair use doctrine, privately owned computer "downloading," impact of federal electronic filing, and questions concerning information businesses need to be…

  3. Information technology ethics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hongladarom, Soraj; Ess, Charles

    This book was the first publication to take a genuinely global approach to the diverse ethical issues evoked by Information and Communication Technologies and their possible resolutions. Readers will gain a greater appreciation for the problems and possibilities of genuinely global information...... ethics, which are urgently needed as information and communication technologies continue their exponential growth...

  4. Information system metaphors

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gazendam, Henk W.M.

    1999-01-01

    Metaphors are useful because they are efficient: they transfer a complex of meaning in a few words. Information systems are social constructs. Therefore, metaphors seem to be especially useful for explaining the space of possible meaning complexes or designs of information systems. Three information

  5. Teaching Information Technology Law

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, M. J.; Jones, R. P.; Haggerty, J.; Gresty, D.

    2009-01-01

    In this paper we discuss an approach to the teaching of information technology law to higher education computing students that attempts to prepare them for professional computing practice. As information technology has become ubiquitous its interactions with the law have become more numerous. Information technology practitioners, and in particular…

  6. Lofar information system design

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Valentijn, E.; Belikov, A. N.

    2009-01-01

    The Lofar Information System is a solution for Lofar Long Term Archive that is capable to store and handle PBs of raw and processed data. The newly created information system is based on Astro-WISE - the information system for wide field astronomy. We review an adaptation of Astro-WISE for the new t

  7. Security classification of information

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Quist, A.S.

    1993-04-01

    This document is the second of a planned four-volume work that comprehensively discusses the security classification of information. The main focus of Volume 2 is on the principles for classification of information. Included herein are descriptions of the two major types of information that governments classify for national security reasons (subjective and objective information), guidance to use when determining whether information under consideration for classification is controlled by the government (a necessary requirement for classification to be effective), information disclosure risks and benefits (the benefits and costs of classification), standards to use when balancing information disclosure risks and benefits, guidance for assigning classification levels (Top Secret, Secret, or Confidential) to classified information, guidance for determining how long information should be classified (classification duration), classification of associations of information, classification of compilations of information, and principles for declassifying and downgrading information. Rules or principles of certain areas of our legal system (e.g., trade secret law) are sometimes mentioned to .provide added support to some of those classification principles.

  8. Information Retrieval Models

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hiemstra, Djoerd; Göker, Ayse; Davies, John

    2009-01-01

    Many applications that handle information on the internet would be completely inadequate without the support of information retrieval technology. How would we find information on the world wide web if there were no web search engines? How would we manage our email without spam filtering? Much of the

  9. Connectionist Interaction Information Retrieval.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dominich, Sandor

    2003-01-01

    Discussion of connectionist views for adaptive clustering in information retrieval focuses on a connectionist clustering technique and activation spreading-based information retrieval model using the interaction information retrieval method. Presents theoretical as well as simulation results as regards computational complexity and includes…

  10. Medical Information Systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Kent A.

    1986-01-01

    Description of information services from the National Library of Medicine (NLM) highlights a new system for retrieving information from NLM's databases (GRATEFUL MED); a formal Regional Medical Library Network; DOCLINE; the Unified Medical Language System; and Integrated Academic Information Management Systems. Research and development and the…

  11. Algorithmic information theory

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    P.D. Grünwald; P.M.B. Vitányi

    2008-01-01

    We introduce algorithmic information theory, also known as the theory of Kolmogorov complexity. We explain the main concepts of this quantitative approach to defining `information'. We discuss the extent to which Kolmogorov's and Shannon's information theory have a common purpose, and where they are

  12. Algorithmic information theory

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    P.D. Grünwald; P.M.B. Vitányi

    2008-01-01

    We introduce algorithmic information theory, also known as the theory of Kolmogorov complexity. We explain the main concepts of this quantitative approach to defining 'information'. We discuss the extent to which Kolmogorov's and Shannon's information theory have a common purpose, and where they are

  13. Energy information directory 1995

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-10-01

    The National Energy Information Center provides energy information and referral assistance to Federal, State, and local governments, the academic community, business and industrial organizations, and the general public. This Energy Information Directory is used to assist the Center staff as well as other DOE staff in directing inquires to the proper offices.

  14. Geothermal Greenhouse Information Package

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rafferty, K. [P.E.; Boyd, T. [ed.

    1997-01-01

    This package of information is intended to provide a foundation of background information for developers of geothermal greenhouses. The material is divided into seven sections covering such issues as crop culture and prices, operating costs for greenhouses, heating system design, vendors and a list of other sources of information.

  15. Shifting Boundaries in Information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schiller, Anita

    1981-01-01

    Social interest in information as a shared resource is diminishing, while proprietary interest in information as a profitable resource increases. Technological advancement in information processing and services, considerations of cost recovery by public agencies, and opportunities for commercial profit are blurring distinctions between the public…

  16. What Is Information Design?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Redish, Janice C. (Ginny)

    2000-01-01

    Defines two meanings of information design: the overall process of developing a successful document; and the way the information is presented on the screen (layout, typography, color, and so forth). Discusses the future importance of both of these meanings of information design, in terms of design for the web and single-sources (planning…

  17. Information Interoperability Domains

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lasschuyt, E.

    2004-01-01

    Coalition-wide interoperability can be improved considerably by better harmonisation of all major information standardisation efforts within NATO. This notion is supported by the concept of dividing the NATO C3 information area into more or less independent “information interoperability domains”, co

  18. Dynamic statistical information theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    In recent years we extended Shannon static statistical information theory to dynamic processes and established a Shannon dynamic statistical information theory, whose core is the evolution law of dynamic entropy and dynamic information. We also proposed a corresponding Boltzmman dynamic statistical information theory. Based on the fact that the state variable evolution equation of respective dynamic systems, i.e. Fokker-Planck equation and Liouville diffusion equation can be regarded as their information symbol evolution equation, we derived the nonlinear evolution equations of Shannon dynamic entropy density and dynamic information density and the nonlinear evolution equations of Boltzmann dynamic entropy density and dynamic information density, that describe respectively the evolution law of dynamic entropy and dynamic information. The evolution equations of these two kinds of dynamic entropies and dynamic informations show in unison that the time rate of change of dynamic entropy densities is caused by their drift, diffusion and production in state variable space inside the systems and coordinate space in the transmission processes; and that the time rate of change of dynamic information densities originates from their drift, diffusion and dissipation in state variable space inside the systems and coordinate space in the transmission processes. Entropy and information have been combined with the state and its law of motion of the systems. Furthermore we presented the formulas of two kinds of entropy production rates and information dissipation rates, the expressions of two kinds of drift information flows and diffusion information flows. We proved that two kinds of information dissipation rates (or the decrease rates of the total information) were equal to their corresponding entropy production rates (or the increase rates of the total entropy) in the same dynamic system. We obtained the formulas of two kinds of dynamic mutual informations and dynamic channel

  19. Information behaviour and practice

    CERN Document Server

    Rafferty, Pauline; Baker, David

    2015-01-01

    This special issue explores information behaviour and practice in general, and specifically focuses on the implications for library and information services. Information seeking behaviour and information practice remain areas of importance in information science and librarianship, perhaps even more so in the digital age. This special issue is an opportunity to share ideas and scholarship and to explore models and methods. The papers chosen for inclusion cover a range of topics and approach them from a number of different epistemological and methodological positions demonstrating the liveliness

  20. Management of information organizations

    CERN Document Server

    Afzal, Waseem

    2012-01-01

    This book is a significant step towards developing a body of management knowledge pertinent to the context of Library Information Science (LIS) and provides a succinct but deep account of management and information organizations. Management of Information Organizations presents a broad view of the information organizations and the nature of management in these organizations, and how information professionals are affected by such management systems. The book equips the reader with the knowledge that will enable them to develop a strong intellectual foundation relating to management and its mani

  1. Information society studies

    CERN Document Server

    Duff, Alistair S

    2013-01-01

    We are often told that we are ""living in an information society"" or that we are ""information workers."" But what exactly do these claims mean, and how might they be verified? In this important methodological study, Alistair S. Duff cuts through the rhetoric to get to the bottom of the ""information society thesis."" Wide-ranging in coverage, this study will be of interest to scholars in information science, communication and media studies and social theory. It is a key text for the newly-unified specialism of information society studies, and an indispensable guide to the future of this disc

  2. Information: A Conceptual Investigation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wolfgang Lenski

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper is devoted to a study of the concept of information. We first situate the concept of information within the context of other philosophical concepts. However, an analysis of the concept of knowledge turns out to be the key when clarifying the concept of information. Our investigations produce the ‘missing link’ for the “severely neglected connection between theories of information and theories of knowledge” (Capurro/Hjørland. The results presented here clarify what information is and have the potential to provide answers to several of Floridi’s “open problems in the philosophy of information”.

  3. Information systems project management

    CERN Document Server

    Olson, David

    2014-01-01

    Information Systems Project Management addresses project management in the context of information systems. It deals with general project management principles, with focus on the special characteristics of information systems. It is based on an earlier text, but shortened to focus on essential project management elements.This updated version presents various statistics indicating endemic problems in completing information system projects on time, within budget, at designed functionality. While successful completion of an information systems project is a challenge, there are some things that ca

  4. Metric adjusted skew information

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Frank

    2008-01-01

    establish a connection between the geometrical formulation of quantum statistics as proposed by Chentsov and Morozova and measures of quantum information as introduced by Wigner and Yanase and extended in this article. We show that the set of normalized Morozova-Chentsov functions describing the possible...... quantum statistics is a Bauer simplex and determine its extreme points. We determine a particularly simple skew information, the "¿-skew information," parametrized by a ¿ ¿ (0, 1], and show that the convex cone this family generates coincides with the set of all metric adjusted skew informations.......We extend the concept of Wigner-Yanase-Dyson skew information to something we call "metric adjusted skew information" (of a state with respect to a conserved observable). This "skew information" is intended to be a non-negative quantity bounded by the variance (of an observable in a state...

  5. EURATOM, origin and contents of Community European of the energy atomic; EURATOM, origen y contenidos de Comunidad Europea de la energia atomica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Prieto Serrano, N.

    2015-07-01

    After the creation, in 1951, of the European Community of the Coal and steel (ECSC), the first step in a Europe together, Federal, Belgium Germany, France, Italy, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands signed in March 1957, the treaties of Rome that established the foundations for the creation of the European Economic Community (EEC) and the European Community Atomic Energy (CEEa or Euratom). We started with this a series of articles dedicated to pregnancy, the content and issued legislation of the Euratom Treaty, particularly in the areas that most affect the management of radioactive waste. (Author)

  6. Probabilities and energies to obtain the counting efficiency of electron-capture nuclides. KLMN model; Probabilidades y energias de reestructuracion atomica subsiguientes a la captura electronica. Modelo KLMN

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Galiano, G.; Grau, A.

    1994-07-01

    An intelligent computer program has been developed to obtain the mathematical formulae to compute the probabilities and reduced energies of the different atomic rearrangement pathways following electron-capture decay. Creation and annihilation operators for Auger and X processes have been introduced. Taking into account the symmetries associated with each process, 262 different pathways were obtained. This model allows us to obtain the influence of the M-electro capture in the counting efficiency when the atomic number of the nuclide is high. (Author)

  7. The internationalization of nuclear industry: state and capital in atomic relations; A internacionalizacao da industria nuclear: estado e capital em relacoes atomicas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ferreira Junior, Evaristo Santiago

    1986-03-15

    This paper analyzes the causes and scope of the nuclear energy diffusion process in the capitalist world. It also aims at explaining Brazil's role in this process. The study contemplates two main concepts that are, here, considered to be driving and directing vectors: the World Capital and the Capitalist State. According to the expanded reproduction logic, World Capital forms the world nuclear productive subsystem, which commands and directs, in this process, hundreds (or thousands) of productive units, regardless of their geographical location, nationality or capital control. Thru the utilization of available public intervention tools, the Capitalist state has favored the formation of the world nuclear productive subsystem, thus guiding the accumulation process in the interior of this system. Therefore, the conclusion of the Nuclear Cooperation Agreement between Brazil and Germany and the resultant establishment of the Brazilian Nuclear Program (following the authoritarian model of public administration), is well fitted in the general dynamics of subordination/articulation of the Brazilian economy to the world economy and, particularly, to the world nuclear productive subsystem. (author)

  8. Nuclear energy and non proliferation. The role of the International Atomic Energy Agency; Energia nuclear y no proliferacion. El papel de la Organizacion Internacional de la Energia Atomica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cooley, J.; Rauf, T.

    2008-07-01

    This article discusses the role of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in the prevention of the spread of nuclear weapons. The IAEA verifies States compliance with their non-proliferation commitments through the application of safeguards on their civilian nuclear programmes to ensure that they are being used solely for peaceful purposes. The IAEA safeguards have evolved in the course of five decades and have become an integral part of the international non-proliferation regime and the global security system. To continue to serve the international community, they need to continue to move with the times, especially in light of the renewed interest in nuclear energy. (Author)

  9. Information Assurance and the Information Society

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Luiijf, H.A.M.

    1999-01-01

    Society is on the verge of a new era: the information age. Economical changes, a new way of looking at services and new types of conflict are forecasted. Some glimpses of these changes were noticed during the Persian Gulf War. Government decision units, organisations, society and critical industries

  10. Information Assurance and the Information Society

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Luiijf, H.A.M.

    1998-01-01

    Society is on the verge of a new era: the information age. Economical changes, a new way of looking at services and new types of conflict are forecasted. Some glimpses of these changes were noticed during the Persian Gulf War. Government decision units, organisations, society and critical industries

  11. Hydrologic Information Science (Invited)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maidment, D. R.

    2009-12-01

    The CUAHSI Hydrologic Information System is intended to advance hydrologic science through better capacity to access and organize hydrologic information, as described by Tarboton et al. (2009), in this session. This development may help to create a new branch of hydrologic science, namely hydrologic information science, which is that branch of hydrologic science which deals with the organization, analysis and synthesis of hydrologic information. There are several parts of this body of information: time series data on water observations at point locations that describe the flow, level, and quality of water; GIS data that describe the watersheds, aquifers, streams, waterbodies, wells and other water features of the landscape; remote sensing data that measure distributed properties such as rainfall intensity and land surface temperature; climate grids that describe current and predict climate conditions, and information from hydrologic simulation models. Taken together, these various forms of information can be considered as a description of a set of hydrologic fields that are groups of variables distributed over a domain of time and space. The fundamental principles of hydrologic information science need to be formulated around the representation of hydrologic fields, and the interaction of one form of field with another. In particular, what is needed are insights as to how to define transformations of hydrologic fields which link information at different spatial scales, and which support interpolation of information simultaneously in space and time.

  12. Information, Genetics and Entropy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julio Ernesto Rubio Barrios

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The consolidation of the informational paradigm in molecular biology research concluded on a system to convert the epistemic object into an operational technological object and a stable epistemic product. However, the acceptance of the informational properties of genetic acids failed to clarify the meaning of the concept of information. The “information”’ as a property of the genetic molecules remained as an informal notion that allows the description of the mechanism of inheritance, but it was not specified in a logic–semantic structure. The metaphorical implications associated with the idea of genes as molecules with meaning, questioned the linguistics that seemed too foreign to molecular biology. A reformulation of the concept of information in molecular biology was developed upon the theory of Claude Shannon. The node for the structural coupling between biology, physics and information theory was the identification of an analog structure between the coded messages of Shannon’s theory.

  13. The philosophy of information

    CERN Document Server

    Floridi, Luciano

    2013-01-01

    Luciano Floridi presents a book that will set the agenda for the philosophy of information. Pi is the philosophical field concerned with (1) the critical investigation of the conceptual nature and basic principles of information, including its dynamics, utilisation, and sciences, and (2) the elaboration and application of information-theoretic and computational methodologies to philosophical problems. This book lays down, for the first time, the conceptual foundations for this new area of research. It does so systematically, by pursuing three goals. Its metatheoretical goal is to describe what the philosophy of information is, its problems, approaches, and methods. Its introductory goal is to help the reader to gain a better grasp of the complex and multifarious nature of the various concepts and phenomena related to information. Its analytic goal is to answer several key theoretical questions of great philosophical interest, arising from the investigation of semantic information.

  14. Quantum biological information theory

    CERN Document Server

    Djordjevic, Ivan B

    2016-01-01

    This book is a self-contained, tutorial-based introduction to quantum information theory and quantum biology. It serves as a single-source reference to the topic for researchers in bioengineering, communications engineering, electrical engineering, applied mathematics, biology, computer science, and physics. The book provides all the essential principles of the quantum biological information theory required to describe the quantum information transfer from DNA to proteins, the sources of genetic noise and genetic errors as well as their effects. Integrates quantum information and quantum biology concepts; Assumes only knowledge of basic concepts of vector algebra at undergraduate level; Provides a thorough introduction to basic concepts of quantum information processing, quantum information theory, and quantum biology; Includes in-depth discussion of the quantum biological channel modelling, quantum biological channel capacity calculation, quantum models of aging, quantum models of evolution, quantum models o...

  15. Newcomer information seeking

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moring, Camilla Elisabeth

    2017-01-01

    Introduction: Research on socialization and learning processes among organizational newcomers is offering valuable insight into the role of information seeking in the workplace, and to why, and how newcomers seek information when entering a new organization. Analysis: The aim of the paper...... is to outline and discuss the significance of information seeking in newcomer socialization and learning, and analyse how different approaches influence our understanding of the role of information seeking in the workplace. Results: It is argued, that a development in research on newcomer information seeking...... in organizations newcomers access to participate and negotiate meaning in practice becomes essential. Information seeking hereby plays a significant role in newcomers learning by establishing, developing, and maintaining a relationship to a given organizational practice. Through accessing textual, social...

  16. What constitutes information integrity?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Flowerday

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available This research focused on what constitutes information integrity as this is a problem facing companies today. Moreover, information integrity is a pillar of information security and is required in order to have a sound security management programme. However, it is acknowledged that 100% information integrity is not currently achievable due to various limitations and therefore the auditing concept of reasonable assurance is adopted. This is in line with the concept that 100% information security is not achievable and the notion that adequate security is the goal, using appropriate countermeasures. The main contribution of this article is to illustrate the importance of and provide a macro view of what constitutes information integrity. The findings are in harmony with Samuel Johnson's words (1751: 'Integrity without knowledge is weak and useless, and knowledge without integrity is dangerous and dreadful.'

  17. Accident management information needs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hanson, D.J.; Ward, L.W.; Nelson, W.R.; Meyer, O.R. (EG and G Idaho, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (USA))

    1990-04-01

    The tables contained in this Appendix A describe the information needs for a pressurized water reactor (PWR) with a large, dry containment. To identify these information needs, the branch points in the safety objective trees were examined to decide what information is necessary to (a) determine the status of the safety functions in the plant, i.e., whether the safety functions are being adequately maintained within predetermined limits, (b) identify plant behavior (mechanisms) or precursors to this behavior which indicate that a challenge to plant safety is occurring or is imminent, and (c) select strategies that will prevent or mitigate this plant behavior and monitor the implementation and effectiveness of these strategies. The information needs for the challenges to the safety functions are not examined since the summation of the information needs for all mechanisms associated with a challenge comprise the information needs for the challenge itself.

  18. The Physics of Information

    CERN Document Server

    Bais, F Alexander

    2007-01-01

    We review of the interface between (theoretical) physics and information for non-experts. The origin of information as related to the notion of entropy is described, first in the context of thermodynamics then in the context of statistical mechanics. A close examination of the foundations of statistical mechanics and the need to reconcile the probabilistic and deterministic views of the world leads us to a discussion of chaotic dynamics, where information plays a crucial role in quantifying predictability. We then discuss a variety of fundamental issues that emerge in defining information and how one must exercise care in discussing concepts such as order, disorder, and incomplete knowledge. We also discuss an alternative form of entropy and its possible relevance for nonequilibrium thermodynamics. In the final part of the paper we discuss how quantum mechanics gives rise to the very different concept of quantum information. Entirely new possibilities for information storage and computation are possible due t...

  19. Information Needs/Relevance

    OpenAIRE

    Wildemuth, Barbara M.

    2009-01-01

    A user's interaction with a DL is often initiated as the result of the user experiencing an information need of some kind. Aspects of that experience and how it might affect the user's interactions with the DL are discussed in this module. In addition, users continuously make decisions about and evaluations of the materials retrieved from a DL, relative to their information needs. Relevance judgments, and their relationship to the user's information needs, are discussed in this module. Draft

  20. Fashion Information Database

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Jun; WU Hai-yan; WANG Yun-yi

    2002-01-01

    In the field of fashion industry, it is a bottleneck of how to control and apply the information in the procedure of fashion merchandising. By the aid of digital technology,a perfect and practical fashion information database could be established so that high- quality and efficient,low-cost and characteristic fashion merchandising system could be realized. The basic structure of fashion information database is discussed.

  1. ECONOMICS OF INFORMATION SYSTEMS

    Science.gov (United States)

    The paper presents a study of the rational choice-making of an individual from among available information systems , or available components of such...components, of information systems . The available set depends on the choices made by suppliers. Joint choices by demanders and suppliers would...determine which information systems are in fact produced and used under given external conditions. These conditions include the technological knowledge of those concerned.

  2. Management Information Systems Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Research on management information systems is illusive in many respects. Part of the basic research problem in MIS stems from the absence of standard...definitions and the lack of a unified body of theory. Organizations continue to develop large and often very efficient information systems , but...decision making. But the transition from these results to the realization of ’satisfactory’ management information systems remains difficult indeed. The

  3. Medical Information Security

    OpenAIRE

    William C. Figg, Ph.D.; Hwee Joo Kam, M.S.

    2011-01-01

    Modern medicine is facing a complex environment, not from medical technology but rather government regulations and information vulnerability. HIPPA is the government’s attempt to protect patient’s information yet this only addresses traditional record handling. The main threat is from the evolving security issues. Many medical offices and facilities have multiple areas of information security concerns. Physical security is often weak, office personnel are not always aware of security needs an...

  4. Information system security insurance

    OpenAIRE

    Mircea COSMA; Alexandru TATU

    2014-01-01

    Through this paper we intend to show that technological developments in recent decades have created a strong society dependence of the means of communication and information technology. This has been increasingly made aware to ordinary people, but also military and political leaders. Increasing global dependence of sophisticated information systems and interconnection of these can produce significant opportunities and bigger information vulnerabilities. Also technological developments in elec...

  5. Information security factors systematization

    OpenAIRE

    Янченко, Вадим Николавевич; Ивченко, Александр Владимирович; Залога, Вильям Александрович; Дынник, Оксана Дмитриевна

    2015-01-01

    In this article the necessity of solving the theoretical and practical task, aimed on development the methodological basis for elaboration and implementation of information security management system, has been considered. Based on research results of scientific works and the requirements in the field of information security management the universal multilevel system of information security factors of organizations (enterprises) in the wood properties form was offered by using quality control ...

  6. Geometric theory of information

    CERN Document Server

    2014-01-01

    This book brings together geometric tools and their applications for Information analysis. It collects current and many uses of in the interdisciplinary fields of Information Geometry Manifolds in Advanced Signal, Image & Video Processing, Complex Data Modeling and Analysis, Information Ranking and Retrieval, Coding, Cognitive Systems, Optimal Control, Statistics on Manifolds, Machine Learning, Speech/sound recognition, and natural language treatment which are also substantially relevant for the industry.

  7. Information security fundamentals

    CERN Document Server

    Peltier, Thomas R

    2013-01-01

    Developing an information security program that adheres to the principle of security as a business enabler must be the first step in an enterprise's effort to build an effective security program. Following in the footsteps of its bestselling predecessor, Information Security Fundamentals, Second Edition provides information security professionals with a clear understanding of the fundamentals of security required to address the range of issues they will experience in the field.The book examines the elements of computer security, employee roles and r

  8. Quantum algorithmic information theory

    OpenAIRE

    Svozil, Karl

    1995-01-01

    The agenda of quantum algorithmic information theory, ordered `top-down,' is the quantum halting amplitude, followed by the quantum algorithmic information content, which in turn requires the theory of quantum computation. The fundamental atoms processed by quantum computation are the quantum bits which are dealt with in quantum information theory. The theory of quantum computation will be based upon a model of universal quantum computer whose elementary unit is a two-port interferometer capa...

  9. Government information transparency

    OpenAIRE

    Esteban, Joan; Albornoz, Facundo; Vanin, Paolo

    2009-01-01

    This paper studies a model of announcements by a privately informed government about the future state of the economic activity in an economy subject to recurrent shocks and with distortions due to income taxation. Although transparent communication would ex ante be desirable, we find that even a benevolent government may ex-post be non-informative, in an attempt to countervail the tax distortion with a 'second best' compensating distortion in information. This result provides a rationale for ...

  10. Information technology and management

    OpenAIRE

    Afërdita Berisha-Shaqiri

    2015-01-01

    The rapid development of information technology has influenced informatics as an important role in business development and management. Manifestations of computerization in the current economy mostly reflect the application of information systems for planning and strategic different analysis, especially when making long-term decisions. These systems consist of several information systems and management control systems for decision support. The construction of these systems was originally a re...

  11. Credential Application Awaiting Information

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — When a Credential application or required documentation is incomplete, an Awaiting Information letter is issued. The application process cannot continue until all...

  12. Health Information Systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sirintrapun, S Joseph; Artz, David R

    2015-06-01

    This article provides surgical pathologists an overview of health information systems (HISs): what they are, what they do, and how such systems relate to the practice of surgical pathology. Much of this article is dedicated to the electronic medical record. Information, in how it is captured, transmitted, and conveyed, drives the effectiveness of such electronic medical record functionalities. So critical is information from pathology in integrated clinical care that surgical pathologists are becoming gatekeepers of not only tissue but also information. Better understanding of HISs can empower surgical pathologists to become stakeholders who have an impact on the future direction of quality integrated clinical care.

  13. Information security management handbook

    CERN Document Server

    Tipton, Harold F

    2003-01-01

    Since 1993, the Information Security Management Handbook has served not only as an everyday reference for information security practitioners but also as an important document for conducting the intense review necessary to prepare for the Certified Information System Security Professional (CISSP) examination. Now completely revised and updated and in its fifth edition, the handbook maps the ten domains of the Information Security Common Body of Knowledge and provides a complete understanding of all the items in it. This is a ...must have... book, both for preparing for the CISSP exam and as a c

  14. Security classification of information

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Quist, A.S.

    1989-09-01

    Certain governmental information must be classified for national security reasons. However, the national security benefits from classifying information are usually accompanied by significant costs -- those due to a citizenry not fully informed on governmental activities, the extra costs of operating classified programs and procuring classified materials (e.g., weapons), the losses to our nation when advances made in classified programs cannot be utilized in unclassified programs. The goal of a classification system should be to clearly identify that information which must be protected for national security reasons and to ensure that information not needing such protection is not classified. This document was prepared to help attain that goal. This document is the first of a planned four-volume work that comprehensively discusses the security classification of information. Volume 1 broadly describes the need for classification, the basis for classification, and the history of classification in the United States from colonial times until World War 2. Classification of information since World War 2, under Executive Orders and the Atomic Energy Acts of 1946 and 1954, is discussed in more detail, with particular emphasis on the classification of atomic energy information. Adverse impacts of classification are also described. Subsequent volumes will discuss classification principles, classification management, and the control of certain unclassified scientific and technical information. 340 refs., 6 tabs.

  15. Executive information system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vitullo, M.; Winter, C.; Johnson, D.R.

    1984-07-01

    The Executive Information System (EIS) is a computer-based information handling system. The system has been designed and implemented for Energy Conversion and Utilization Technologies to allow program managers easy access and tracking of certain types of reporting at various levels of management interaction, to simplify the handling of program-related data, and to streamline the preparation of reporting documents and responses to requests for information from the program. The EIS is especially useful in assisting DOE program managers in the routine dissemination of reports and information. The characteristics of each component of the EIS are discussed. A user's guide to the EIS is included in this report.

  16. Financial information processing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shuo BAI; Shouyang WANG; Lean YU; Aoying ZHOU

    2009-01-01

    @@ The rapid growth in financial data volume has made financial information processing more and more difficult due to the increase in complexity, which has forced businesses and academics alike to turn to sophisticated information processing technologies for better solutions. A typical feature is that high-performance computers and advanced computational techniques play ever-increasingly important roles for business and industries to have competitive advantages. Accordingly, financial information processing has emerged as a new cross-disciplinary field integrating computer science, mathematics, financial economics, intelligent techniques, and computer simulations to make different decisions based on processed financial information.

  17. Questions and information systems

    CERN Document Server

    Lauer, Thomas W; Graesser, Arthur C

    2013-01-01

    The design and functioning of an information system improve to the extent that the system can handle the questions people ask. Surprisingly, however, researchers in the cognitive, computer, and information sciences have not thoroughly examined the multitude of relationships between information systems and questions -- both question asking and answering. The purpose of this book is to explicitly examine these relationships. Chapter contributors believe that questions play a central role in the analysis, design, and use of different kinds of natural or artificial information systems such as huma

  18. Business Information Culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gunilla Widén-Wulff

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available This research project is going to review the existing information cultures in 15 Finnish insurance businesses through a qualitative study. The interview-material consists of 40 in-depth-interviews and they are being analysed through the multiple case study method. The analysis is conducted in 5 stages considering information environment, information as resource, work processes, innovation and business success. The information culture varieties compared to the business success will hopefully be useful to create an understanding for the need of a broad understanding of the modern knowledge management concept in business organisations.

  19. What is Information?

    CERN Document Server

    Adami, Christoph

    2016-01-01

    Information is a precise concept that can be defined mathematically, but its relationship to what we call "knowledge" is not always made clear. Furthermore, the concepts "entropy" and "information", while deeply related, are distinct and must be used with care, something that is not always achieved in the literature. In this elementary introduction, the concepts of entropy and information are laid out one by one, explained intuitively, but defined rigorously. I argue that a proper understanding of information in terms of prediction is key to a number of disciplines beyond engineering, such as physics and biology.

  20. Teaching information seeking

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Louise Limberg

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. The article argues for a closer association between information seeking research and the practices of teaching information seeking. Findings are presented from a research project on information seeking, didactics and learning (IDOL investigating librarians' and teachers' experiences of teaching information seeking. Method. Thirteen teachers and five librarians, teaching 12-19 year-old students in three schools, participated. Forty-five interviews were conducted over a period of three years. Analysis. The IDOL project adopted a phenomenographic approach with the purpose of describing patterns of variation in experiences. The findings were also analysed by way of relating them to four competing approaches to the mediation of information literacy. Results. A gap was identified between experiences of teaching content that focused on sources and order, and experiences of assessment criteria applied to students' work that focused on the importance of correct facts and the analysis of information. These findings indicate a highly restricted range of teaching contents when compared with the four theoretical approaches to the mediation of information literacy. Conclusion. Teaching information seeking might be enhanced by a wider repertoire of contents reflecting more varied theoretical understanding developed in information seeking research, particularly as regards the importance of content and context related to user perspectives.

  1. Brownfields Site Information

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This asset contains all Brownfield facility data. It includes all information necessary to track Brownfields grant recipients' environmental progress at Brownfield...

  2. EDIS Investigation Filing Information

    Data.gov (United States)

    US International Trade Commission — This dataset contains investigation, document and attachment metadata from the USITC's Electronic Document Information System (EDIS), as well as access to attached...

  3. Information science in toxicology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lu, P.Y.; Wassom, J.S.

    1985-01-01

    Toxicology is an exciting and rapidly expanding scientific discipline, and the volume of literature being generated is growing at an exponential rate. This ouput reflects the current information explosion in science and technology. Generally, this large-scale increase in information began around 1960, and consequently two President's Science Advisory Committees were appointed to focus attention on the issues of information generation, compilation, and dissemination and the application of advanced computer technology in information storage and retrieval. This national policy for information development is substantiated by the fact that today online interactive retrieval of scientific and technical databases is becoming a routine process in information acquisition. Although file dispersion and lack of quality control have been major problems, new approaches are continually being devised to resolve these problems. For example, the intellectual filter as a recognized segment of the scientific information utilization cycle has naturally evolved. This function is expanding and becoming critical to the decision-making process. Future challenges to those working to make toxicology information more readily available include assessing fugitive literature and negative testing results and converting these into a new information resource for toxicology. 23 references, 1 figure, 2 tables.

  4. Continuous information flow fluctuations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosinberg, Martin Luc; Horowitz, Jordan M.

    2016-10-01

    Information plays a pivotal role in the thermodynamics of nonequilibrium processes with feedback. However, much remains to be learned about the nature of information fluctuations in small-scale devices and their relation with fluctuations in other thermodynamics quantities, like heat and work. Here we derive a series of fluctuation theorems for information flow and partial entropy production in a Brownian particle model of feedback cooling and extend them to arbitrary driven diffusion processes. We then analyze the long-time behavior of the feedback-cooling model in detail. Our results provide insights into the structure and origin of large deviations of information and thermodynamic quantities in autonomous Maxwell's demons.

  5. Sustainability of scholarly information

    CERN Document Server

    Chowdhury, G G

    2015-01-01

    Professor Gobinda Chowdhury BSc Hons, MSc, PhD, FCLIP is Professor in Information Science at iSchool@northumbria, and Head of the Department of Mathematics and Information Sciences at Northumbria University. Before joining Northumbria University he was a Professor and Director of the Centre for Information and Knowledge Management at the University of Technology Sydney, Australia. For over 25 years he has worked as an academic and researcher in information science in different parts of the world including Asia, Africa, Europe and Australia. For the past few years he has been actively involved

  6. Future of information architecture

    CERN Document Server

    Baofu, Peter

    2008-01-01

    The Future of Information Architecture examines issues surrounding why information is processed, stored and applied in the way that it has, since time immemorial. Contrary to the conventional wisdom held by many scholars in human history, the recurrent debate on the explanation of the most basic categories of information (eg space, time causation, quality, quantity) has been misconstrued, to the effect that there exists some deeper categories and principles behind these categories of information - with enormous implications for our understanding of reality in general. To understand this, the b

  7. Quantum information causality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pitalúa-García, Damián

    2013-05-24

    How much information can a transmitted physical system fundamentally communicate? We introduce the principle of quantum information causality, which states the maximum amount of quantum information that a quantum system can communicate as a function of its dimension, independently of any previously shared quantum physical resources. We present a new quantum information task, whose success probability is upper bounded by the new principle, and show that an optimal strategy to perform it combines the quantum teleportation and superdense coding protocols with a task that has classical inputs.

  8. Definition of Information

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boris Sunik

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This definition can be applied to information of every kind, level and complexity. Information is considered as the feature manifesting itself in the relations between certain real world
    entities. The real world has to be seen in terms of objects, actions, relations and properties.. The defintion is used as the basis of the Theory of Meaningful Information [1] that explains the nature and functionality of information and enables the production of relevant definitions regarding language and knowledge, which remain operative also in the case of non-human languages and
    knowledge systems.

  9. Airports Geographic Information System -

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Transportation — The Airports Geographic Information System maintains the airport and aeronautical data required to meet the demands of the Next Generation National Airspace System....

  10. Information, conservation and retrieval

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eng, T. [Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Co., Stockholm (Sweden); Norberg, E. [National Swedish Archives, Stockholm (Sweden); Torbacke, J. [Stockholm Univ. (Sweden). Dept. of History; Jensen, M. [Swedish Radiation Protection Inst., Stockholm (Sweden)

    1996-12-01

    The seminar took place on the Swedish ship for transportation of radioactive wastes, M/S Sigyn, which at summer time is used for exhibitions. The seminar treated items related to general information needs in society and questions related to radioactive waste, i.e. how knowledge about a waste repository should be passed on to future generations. Three contributions are contained in the report from the seminar and are indexed separately: `Active preservation - otherwise no achieves`; `The conservation and dissemination of information - A democratic issue`; and, `Conservation and retrieval of information - Elements of a strategy to inform future societies about nuclear waste repositories`.

  11. Introduction to information science

    CERN Document Server

    Bawden, David

    2012-01-01

    This landmark textbook takes a whole subject approach to Information Science as a discipline. Introduced by leading international scholars and offering a global perspective on the discipline, this is designed to be the standard text for students worldwide. The authors' expert narrative guides you through each of the essential building blocks of information science offering a concise introduction and expertly chosen further reading and resources.Critical topics covered include:foundations: concepts, theories and historical perspectivesorganising and retrieving Information information behaviour,

  12. We inform you, you inform us

    CERN Multimedia

    Association du personnel

    2008-01-01

    Our September information meetings have ended and we thank the many people who came. This will allow us to start an extremely useful dialogue that we will continue with the survey announced at these meetings, which is now available. We invite all CERN staff members to reply to this questionnaire to enable us to have an accurate picture of your expectations and wishes with respect to the evolution of social and employment policies.

  13. DILEMA KEBERADAAN SEKTOR INFORMAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hartati Sulistyo Rini

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Sebagai sistem ekonomi alternatif, keberadaan sektor informal mengundang pro dan kontra. Peranannya yang signifikan sebagai katup pengaman ekonomi nasional belum diimbangi dengan proteksi atau perlindungan dari pemerintah. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah membahas peran sektor informal dalam mengatasi masalah sosial ekonomi masyarakat dan dilema yang dialami oleh sektor informal dalam menjalankan perannya tersebut. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan terdapat peran sektor informal pada bidang ketenagakerjaan dan penyerapan angka pengangguran. Sektor formal dianggap tidak mampu menyediakan kesempatan kerja untuk seluruh lapisan masyarakat, apalagi mereka yang ada pada posisi marjinal. Pada beberapa kasus-khususnya yang berhubungan dengan sektor informal perkotaan perlakuan dan kebijakan negara menjadi sangat diskriminatif karena seringkali berhadapan dengan kebijakan negara yang bahkan berakhir dengan kekerasan.  Perlindungan terhadap sektor informal salah satunya adalah pada pedagang kaki lima di Surakarta.  Kota ini menjadi contoh representatif dalam pengorganisasian kepentingan  pemerintah  dan pedagang kaki lima. Ini dapat menjadi inspirasi positif bagi penanganan sektor informal di tempat yang lain untuk memperluas lapangan kerja bagi masyarakat dan meningkatkan kesejahteraan sosial. As an alternative economic system, the existence of informal sector invites pros and cons. The significant role of informal sector as a safety valve of the national economy has not been matched by government with the protection or support The objective of this study is to discuss the role of the informal sector in addressing social and economic issues, and the dilemma faced by the informal sector in carrying out this role. The results of this study shows that there is an important role of the informal sector in the field of employment and unemployment absorption. The formal sector is not considered able to provide job opportunities to all levels of society

  14. Targeted Information Dissemination

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-03-01

    independent articles such as the blogs (short for web logs) and wikis and topic web portals . Such digital data sources offer information of varying... Biosurveillance Information System (NBIS) • Public Health Informatics Network (PHIN) • Pockets of Excellence – Integration? Solutions ? Figure 16

  15. Health Care Information Systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banks, Jane L.; And Others

    1987-01-01

    The first of eight articles discusses the current state of the sensitive but unclassified information controversy. A series of six articles then explores the use of integrated information systems in the area of health services. Current trends in document management are provided in the last article. (CLB)

  16. The Politics of Information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gell, Marilyn K.

    1979-01-01

    Introduces the political issues to be discussed at the first White House Conference on Library and Information Services which will focus on citizen control of the information flow in view of developing demands and technology. A desired political result of the conference is the creation of a citizens' lobby. (SW)

  17. Advisory and Information Services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dijkgraaf, C.

    1974-01-01

    In 1956 the Foundation Information Centre for School-Building (ICS) was established to give information and advice in the field of school building in the widest sense by study and research, documentation, the development of new prototypes, the organization of exhibitions and meetings, and cooperation with other institutes in the Netherlands and…

  18. Air System Information Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Filman, Robert E.

    2004-01-01

    I flew to Washington last week, a trip rich in distributed information management. Buying tickets, at the gate, in flight, landing and at the baggage claim, myriad messages about my reservation, the weather, our flight plans, gates, bags and so forth flew among a variety of travel agency, airline and Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) computers and personnel. By and large, each kind of information ran on a particular application, often specialized to own data formats and communications network. I went to Washington to attend an FAA meeting on System-Wide Information Management (SWIM) for the National Airspace System (NAS) (http://www.nasarchitecture.faa.gov/Tutorials/NAS101.cfm). NAS (and its information infrastructure, SWIM) is an attempt to bring greater regularity, efficiency and uniformity to the collection of stovepipe applications now used to manage air traffic. Current systems hold information about flight plans, flight trajectories, weather, air turbulence, current and forecast weather, radar summaries, hazardous condition warnings, airport and airspace capacity constraints, temporary flight restrictions, and so forth. Information moving among these stovepipe systems is usually mediated by people (for example, air traffic controllers) or single-purpose applications. People, whose intelligence is critical for difficult tasks and unusual circumstances, are not as efficient as computers for tasks that can be automated. Better information sharing can lead to higher system capacity, more efficient utilization and safer operations. Better information sharing through greater automation is possible though not necessarily easy.

  19. Marketing Information Literacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seale, Maura

    2013-01-01

    In 2012, more than a decade after the original Association of College and Research Libraries (ACRL) Information Literacy Competency Standards for Higher Education (hereafter the Standards) were institutionalized as the goal of academic library instruction, the Information Literacy Competency Standards Review Task Force convened by ACRL recommended…

  20. Institutionalizing Information Literacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weiner, Sharon A.

    2012-01-01

    There is increasing recognition that information literacy is essential for individual and community empowerment, workforce readiness, and global competitiveness. However, there is a history of difficulty in integrating information literacy with the postsecondary educational process. This paper posits that a greater understanding of the…

  1. Information extraction system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lemmond, Tracy D; Hanley, William G; Guensche, Joseph Wendell; Perry, Nathan C; Nitao, John J; Kidwell, Paul Brandon; Boakye, Kofi Agyeman; Glaser, Ron E; Prenger, Ryan James

    2014-05-13

    An information extraction system and methods of operating the system are provided. In particular, an information extraction system for performing meta-extraction of named entities of people, organizations, and locations as well as relationships and events from text documents are described herein.

  2. Knowledge Organization = Information Organization?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjørland, Birger

    Are the terms ―information organization‖ (IO), ―organization of information‖ (OI) and ―information architecture‖ (IA) synonyms for knowledge organization (KO)? This study uses bibliometric methods, among others, to determine some relations between these terms and their meanings. Apparently the data...

  3. Mandarin Visual Speech Information

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Trevor H.

    2010-01-01

    While the auditory-only aspects of Mandarin speech are heavily-researched and well-known in the field, this dissertation addresses its lesser-known aspects: The visual and audio-visual perception of Mandarin segmental information and lexical-tone information. Chapter II of this dissertation focuses on the audiovisual perception of Mandarin…

  4. Heroin. Specialized Information Service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Do It Now Foundation, Phoenix, AZ.

    The document presents a collection of articles about heroin. Article 1 provides general information on heroin identification, drug dependence, effects of abuse, cost, source of supply, and penalties for illegal heroin use. Article 2 gives statistical information on heroin-related deaths in the District of Columbia between 1971 and 1982. Article 3…

  5. Environmental geographic information system.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Peek, Dennis W; Helfrich, Donald Alan; Gorman, Susan

    2010-08-01

    This document describes how the Environmental Geographic Information System (EGIS) was used, along with externally received data, to create maps for the Site-Wide Environmental Impact Statement (SWEIS) Source Document project. Data quality among the various classes of geographic information system (GIS) data is addressed. A complete listing of map layers used is provided.

  6. DOE Information Bridge

    CERN Document Server

    United States. Department of Energy. Office of Scientific and Technical Information

    DOE Information Bridge, a component of EnergyFiles, provides free, convenient, and quick access to full-text DOE research and development reports in physics, chemistry, materials, biology, environmental sciences, energy technologies, engineering, computer and information science, renewable energy, and other topics. This vast collection includes over 43,000 reports that have been received and processed by OSTI since January 1995.

  7. Information and Equity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lievrouw, Leah A.; Farb, Sharon E.

    2003-01-01

    Reviews a selection of recent studies from various disciplines on information and social equity and on the digital divide in order to outline a basic conceptual framework for considering information equity. Highlights include equity versus equality; vertical and horizontal perspectives; social capital and public goods; and intellectual property.…

  8. Meaning = Information + Evolution

    CERN Document Server

    Rovelli, Carlo

    2016-01-01

    Notions like meaning, signal, intentionality, are difficult to relate to a physical word. I study a purely physical definition of "meaningful information", from which these notions can be derived. It is inspired by a model recently illustrated by Kolchinsky and Wolpert, and improves on Dretske classic work on the relation between knowledge and information. I discuss what makes a physical process into a "signal".

  9. Reverse Coherent Information

    Science.gov (United States)

    García-Patrón, Raúl; Pirandola, Stefano; Lloyd, Seth; Shapiro, Jeffrey H.

    2009-05-01

    In this Letter we define a family of entanglement distribution protocols assisted by feedback classical communication that gives an operational interpretation to reverse coherent information, i.e., the symmetric counterpart of the well-known coherent information. This leads to the definition of a new entanglement distribution capacity that exceeds the unassisted capacity for some interesting channels.

  10. Information Design: A Bibliography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albers, Michael J.; Lisberg, Beth Conney

    2000-01-01

    Presents a 17-item annotated list of essential books on information design chosen by members of the InfoDesign e-mail list. Includes a 113-item unannotated bibliography of additional works, on topics of creativity and critical thinking; visual thinking; graphic design; infographics; information design; instructional design; interface design;…

  11. Shipping Information Pipeline

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Thomas; Vatrapu, Ravi

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents a design science approach to solving persistent problems in the international shipping eco system by creating the missing common information infrastructures. Specifically, this paper reports on an ongoing dialogue between stakeholders in the shipping industry and information s...... impacts on global trade and local economies....

  12. Trust in online information

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lucassen, T.

    2013-01-01

    The introduction of the Internet has made it very easy to gain information on any topic imaginable. The downside of this development is that it has become much harder to evaluate the credibility of this information, as it is often unclear who the author is. In this dissertation, the way Internet use

  13. Women in Information Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wentling, Rose Mary; Thomas, Steven P.

    2004-01-01

    There is a major concern about the drop of young women entering Computer Science degree programs and a drop in the participation of women in these information technology occupations. In all levels of educational institutions across the nation, girls and women remain under-represented in computer and information science studies and subsequently,…

  14. Information and Heterogeneous Beliefs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Peter Ove; Qin, Zhenjiang

    2014-01-01

    In an incomplete market with heterogeneous prior beliefs, we show public information can have a substantial impact on the ex ante cost of capital, trading volume, and investor welfare. The Pareto effcient public information system is the system enjoying the maximum ex ante cost of capital and the...

  15. Physics as Information Theory

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    D' Ariano, Giacomo Mauro (University of Pavia)

    2010-10-20

    The experience from Quantum Information of the last twenty years has lead theorists to look at Quantum Theory and the whole of Physics from a different angle. A new information-theoretic paradigm is emerging, long time ago prophesied by John Archibald Wheeler with his popular coinage 'It from bit'. Theoretical groups are now addressing the problem of deriving Quantum Theory from informational principles, and similar lines are investigated in new approaches to Quantum Gravity. In my talk I will review some recent advances on these lines. The general idea synthesizing the new paradigm is that there is only Quantum Theory (without quantization rules): the whole Physics--including space-time and relativity--is emergent from quantum-information processing. And, since Quantum Theory itself is made with purely informational principles, the whole Physics must be reformulated in information-theoretical terms. The review is divided into the following parts: (a) The informational axiomatization of Quantum Theory; (b) How space-time and relativistic covariance emerge from the quantum computation; (c) What is the information-theoretical meaning of inertial mass and Planck constant, and how the quantum field emerges; (d) Observational consequences: mass-dependent refraction index of vacuum. I then conclude with some possible future research lines.

  16. Constructor theory of information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deutsch, David; Marletto, Chiara

    2015-02-08

    We propose a theory of information expressed solely in terms of which transformations of physical systems are possible and which are impossible-i.e. in constructor-theoretic terms. It includes conjectured, exact laws of physics expressing the regularities that allow information to be physically instantiated. Although these laws are directly about information, independently of the details of particular physical instantiations, information is not regarded as an a priori mathematical or logical concept, but as something whose nature and properties are determined by the laws of physics alone. This theory solves a problem at the foundations of existing information theory, namely that information and distinguishability are each defined in terms of the other. It also explains the relationship between classical and quantum information, and reveals the single, constructor-theoretic property underlying the most distinctive phenomena associated with the latter, including the lack of in-principle distinguishability of some states, the impossibility of cloning, the existence of pairs of variables that cannot simultaneously have sharp values, the fact that measurement processes can be both deterministic and unpredictable, the irreducible perturbation caused by measurement, and locally inaccessible information (as in entangled systems).

  17. Visual informed consent

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lie, Rico; Witteveen, Loes

    2015-01-01

    The notion of visual informed consent (VIC) is developed in the context of capturing on film the clarification of the purpose of data collection, the use of information obtained, and the rights, risks and benefits of participation on the one hand, and the registration of the participant’s underst

  18. Information in Health Care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mayeda, Tadashi A.

    The report stresses the fact that while there is unity in the continuum of medicine, information in health care is markedly different from information in medical education and research. This difference is described as an anomaly in that it appears to deviate in excess of normal variation from needs common to research and education. In substance,…

  19. Medical Information Management System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alterescu, S.; Hipkins, K. R.; Friedman, C. A.

    1979-01-01

    On-line interactive information processing system easily and rapidly handles all aspects of data management related to patient care. General purpose system is flexible enough to be applied to other data management situations found in areas such as occupational safety data, judicial information, or personnel records.

  20. Informative document waste plastics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nagelhout D; Sein AA; Duvoort GL

    1989-01-01

    This "Informative document waste plastics" forms part of a series of "informative documents waste materials". These documents are conducted by RIVM on the indstruction of the Directorate General for the Environment, Waste Materials Directorate, in behalf of the program of acti

  1. The Information Explosion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuhns, William

    Three facets of the media--events, myths, and sales pitches--constitute the most important lines of force taken by the information bombardment which all of us encounter and are influenced by every day. The focus of this book is on the changes created and hastened by this information explosion of the media bombardment: how we can live with them,…

  2. Sparsity and Information Processing

    OpenAIRE

    Ikeda, Shiro

    2015-01-01

    Recently, many information processing methods utilizing the sparsity of the information source is studied. We have reported some results on this line of research. Here we pick up two results from our own works. One is an image reconstruction method for radio interferometory and the other is a motor command computation method for a two-joint arm.

  3. Carbon Monoxide Information Center

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Information (FOIA) Inspector General No Fear Act Data USA.gov Report an Unsafe Product Contact Us: 800- ... Budget & Performance Open Government Freedom of Information (FOIA) USA.gov CPSC.gov is the U.S. government's official ...

  4. Structuring the Information Gap.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edge, Julian

    1984-01-01

    Describes an information gap procedure to teach a new structure which requires students to look for and exchange information in order to complete a task in an English as a second language class. Illustrates the method with a set of materials and suggests ways for teachers to produce similar materials. (SED)

  5. Information in CDS Spreads

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    L. Norden (Lars)

    2014-01-01

    textabstractWe investigate how public and private information drives corporate CDS spreads before rating announcements. We find that CDS spreads of firms with higher news intensity move significantly earlier and stronger before rating announcements, which can be explained with public information fro

  6. Information technology and management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Afërdita Berisha-Shaqiri

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The rapid development of information technology has influenced informatics as an important role in business development and management. Manifestations of computerization in the current economy mostly reflect the application of information systems for planning and strategic different analysis, especially when making long-term decisions. These systems consist of several information systems and management control systems for decision support. The construction of these systems was originally a requirement for the strategic planning of top managers (the highest level of leadership having as a primary goal the easier access to important information, especially those that were classified as critical for success in business. Expert systems for example offered the possibility of linking information technology with other telecommunication channels which makes them possible to identify many problems. In this context, this paper will focus on presenting the great importance of information technology as a powerful tool to manage business problems precisely because information systems provide exceptional business value. Information Technology examines the reasons for the problems and offers solutions to manage and reduce them.

  7. Information or communication

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dahms, Mona-Lisa

    2004-01-01

    The paper describes the development in Tanzania, in terms of information and communication technologies and how these developments have influenced people's daily life.......The paper describes the development in Tanzania, in terms of information and communication technologies and how these developments have influenced people's daily life....

  8. Dimensions of Drug Information

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharp, Mark E.

    2011-01-01

    The high number, heterogeneity, and inadequate integration of drug information resources constitute barriers to many drug information usage scenarios. In the biomedical domain there is a rich legacy of knowledge representation in ontology-like structures that allows us to connect this problem both to the very mature field of library and…

  9. Science and information theory

    CERN Document Server

    Brillouin, Leon

    2013-01-01

    A classic source for exploring the connections between information theory and physics, this text is geared toward upper-level undergraduates and graduate students. The author, a giant of 20th-century mathematics, applies the principles of information theory to a variety of issues, including Maxwell's demon, thermodynamics, and measurement problems. 1962 edition.

  10. LOFAR Information System

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Begeman, K.; Belikov, A. N.; Boxhoorn, D. R.; Dijkstra, F.; Holties, H.; Meyer-Zhao, Z.; Renting, G. A.; Valentijn, E. A.; Vriend, W. -J.

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, we present a newly designed and implemented scientific information system for the LOFAR Long Term Archive. It is a distributed multi-tier storage and data processing system that allows a number of users to process Petabytes of data. The LOFAR Information System is designed on the base

  11. Information security management principles

    CERN Document Server

    Taylor, Andy; Finch, Amanda; Sutton, David; Taylor, Andy

    2013-01-01

    In today's technology-driven environment, there is an ever-increasing demand for information delivery. A compromise has to be struck between security and availability. This book is a pragmatic guide to information assurance for both business professionals and technical experts. This second edition includes the security of cloud-based resources.

  12. Hybrid quantum information processing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Furusawa, Akira [Department of Applied Physics, School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo (Japan)

    2014-12-04

    I will briefly explain the definition and advantage of hybrid quantum information processing, which is hybridization of qubit and continuous-variable technologies. The final goal would be realization of universal gate sets both for qubit and continuous-variable quantum information processing with the hybrid technologies. For that purpose, qubit teleportation with a continuousvariable teleporter is one of the most important ingredients.

  13. Right to Information

    OpenAIRE

    Mendel, Toby

    2014-01-01

    In the last 20 years, there has been a massive growth in the number of national laws giving individuals the right to access information held by public bodies (right to information or RTI laws). The number of countries with such laws has grown from 19 mostly Western democracies i

  14. Information Technology Resources Assessment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1993-04-01

    The Information Technology Resources Assessment (ITRA) is being published as a companion document to the Department of Energy (DOE) FY 1994--FY 1998 Information Resources Management Long-Range Plan. This document represents a collaborative effort between the Office of Information Resources Management and the Office of Energy Research that was undertaken to achieve, in part, the Technology Strategic Objective of IRM Vision 21. An integral part of this objective, technology forecasting provides an understanding of the information technology horizon and presents a perspective and focus on technologies of particular interest to DOE program activities. Specifically, this document provides site planners with an overview of the status and use of new information technology for their planning consideration.

  15. Information seeking behavior

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjørland, Birger

    2000-01-01

    A general theory of information seeking behaviour must include an outline of an evolutionary theory of how organisms have adapted their cognitive apparatus to the demands raised in order to cope with their environments. It should describe important qualitative stages in this development and explain...... the teleological or goal-oriented nature of the behaviour of living organisms. Such a theory should define the essential characteristics in human information seeking, including a description of it cultural and social determinants. It should consider the costs and benefits of information seeking, and the social...... mechanisms influencing its value. Further, such a theory should explain information neglecting and avoidance, the utilisation of different kinds of information resources, the strategies used, and their efficiency. A general theory should formulate what the essential, non-trivial factors are, which can...

  16. Online health information seeking

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Synnot, Anneliese J.; Hill, Sophie J.; Garner, Kerryn A.

    2016-01-01

    Background and objective: The Internet is increasingly prominent as a source of health information for people with multiple sclerosis (MS). But there has been little exploration of the needs, experiences and preferences of people with MS for integrating treatment information into decision making......-regulation' to capture the variations in information seeking behaviour that participants described over time, as they responded to their changing information needs, their emotional state and growing expertise about MS. Conclusions: People with MS have developed a number of strategies to both find and integrate treatment......, in the context of searching on the Internet. This was the aim of our study. Design: Sixty participants (51 people with MS; nine family members) took part in a focus group or online forum. They were asked to describe how they find and assess reliable treatment information (particularly online) and how...

  17. Information Entropy of Fullerenes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sabirov, Denis Sh; Ōsawa, Eiji

    2015-08-24

    The reasons for the formation of the highly symmetric C60 molecule under nonequilibrium conditions are widely discussed as it dominates over numerous similar fullerene structures. In such conditions, evolution of structure rather than energy defines the processes. We have first studied the diversity of fullerenes in terms of information entropy. Sorting 2079 structures from An Atlas of Fullerenes [ Fowler , P. W. ; Manolopoulos , D. E. An Atlas of Fullerenes ; Oxford : Clarendon , 1995 . ], we have found that the information entropies of only 14 fullerenes (entropy, i.e., an exclusive compound among the other members of the fullerene family. Such an efficient sorting demonstrates possible relevance of information entropy to chemical processes. For this reason, we have introduced an algorithm for calculating changes in information entropy at chemical transformations. The preliminary calculations of changes in information entropy at the selected fullerene reactions show good agreement with thermochemical data.

  18. Energy information directory 1994

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1994-03-28

    The National Energy Information Center (NEIC), as part of its mission, provides energy information and referral assistance to Federal, State, and local governments, the academic community, business and industrial organizations, and the general public. The two principal functions related to this task are (1) operating a general access telephone line, and (2) responding to energy-related correspondence addressed to the Energy Information Administration (EIA). The Energy Information Directory was developed to assist the NEIC staff, as well as other Department of Energy (DOE) staff, in directing inquiries to the proper offices within DOE, other Federal agencies, or energy-related trade associations. The Directory is a list of most Government offices and trade associations that are involved in energy matters. It does not include those DOE offices which do not deal with the public or public information.

  19. Quality of Information

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Leif

    2016-01-01

    Accounting and auditing is closely related to the quality of data. Two important elements supporting the quality of information are internal controls and materiality. Inspired by Simons (1994), these elements can be considered “basic building blocks”. Internal controls are perhaps the most...... important element, as they ensure that information used for management purposes has the required quality (Kinney, 2000). This information can be used as a basis for preparing the external financial reporting (COSO, 2013) and as a prerequisite for establishing information-based management control systems...... (MCS) (Simons, 1994). When regarding management controls as a package, internal controls are part of the administrative controls and often formalised in policies and procedures (Malmi and Brown, 2008). The level of controls should be guided by the need for reliable information. These considerations...

  20. Controlling Quantum Information

    CERN Document Server

    Landahl, A J

    2002-01-01

    Quantum information science explores ways in which quantum physical laws can be harnessed to control the acquisition, transmission, protection, and processing of information. This field has seen explosive growth in the past several years from progress on both theoretical and experimental fronts. Essential to this endeavor are methods for controlling quantum information. In this thesis, I present three new approaches for controlling quantum information. First, I present a new protocol for continuously protecting unknown quantum states from noise. This protocol combines and expands ideas from the theories of quantum error correction and quantum feedback control. The result can outperform either approach by itself. I generalize this protocol to all known quantum stabilizer codes, and study its application to the three-qubit repetition code in detail via Monte Carlo simulations. Next, I present several new protocols for controlling quantum information that are fault-tolerant. These protocols require only local qu...

  1. Next generation information systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Limback, Nathan P [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Medina, Melanie A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Silva, Michelle E [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2010-01-01

    The Information Systems Analysis and Development (ISAD) Team of the Safeguards Systems Group at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) has been developing web based information and knowledge management systems for sixteen years. Our vision is to rapidly and cost effectively provide knowledge management solutions in the form of interactive information systems that help customers organize, archive, post and retrieve nonproliferation and safeguards knowledge and information vital to their success. The team has developed several comprehensive information systems that assist users in the betterment and growth of their organizations and programs. Through our information systems, users are able to streamline operations, increase productivity, and share and access information from diverse geographic locations. The ISAD team is also producing interactive visual models. Interactive visual models provide many benefits to customers beyond the scope of traditional full-scale modeling. We have the ability to simulate a vision that a customer may propose, without the time constraints of traditional engineering modeling tools. Our interactive visual models can be used to access specialized training areas, controlled areas, and highly radioactive areas, as well as review site-specific training for complex facilities, and asset management. Like the information systems that the ISAD team develops, these models can be shared and accessed from any location with access to the internet. The purpose of this paper is to elaborate on the capabilities of information systems and interactive visual models as well as consider the possibility of combining the two capabilities to provide the next generation of infonnation systems. The collection, processing, and integration of data in new ways can contribute to the security of the nation by providing indicators and information for timely action to decrease the traditional and new nuclear threats. Modeling and simulation tied to comprehensive

  2. Informes de la Construcción: un análisis bibliométrico (2007-2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sorli-Rojo, Á.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This work offers a bibliometric analysis of the journal “Informes de la construcción” between 2007 and 2013. The following parameters were analysed: Productivity of authors and collaboration degree, institutions and countries of authors, collaboration of institutions using Social Networks Analysis, impact factor, composition of its editorial team, and period of time between reception and acceptance of papers. The results reveal high levels in diversification and collaboration among authors; high productivity of universities and reseach centres, mainly in Spain, but limited collaboration among them; ups and downs of annual data of Impact Factor; huge growth of editorial team and long staying of its members; and long periods of time between aceptation and publication of papers. In conclusion, “Informes de la construcción” could be considered a good scientific journal, but some aspects of the journal should be ameliored.Este artículo realiza un análisis bibliométrico de la revista Informes de la Construcción entre 2007 y 2013. Se analizan la productividad de autores y el grado de colaboración, sus instituciones y países de origen, la colaboración entre instituciones empleando el análisis de redes sociales, su factor de impacto, la composición de su equipo editorial y los tiempos entre recepción y aceptación de artículos. Los resultados indican elevados niveles en diversificación y colaboración de autores; gran productividad de universidades y centros de investigación, principalmente españoles, pero escasa colaboración entre estos; altibajos en cifras anuales de factor de impacto; gran crecimiento del equipo editorial y larga permanencia de sus miembros; y elevados tiempos de espera entre aceptación y publicación de artículos. La conclusión es que Informes de la construcción es una revista científica de categoría, pero que debe mejorar algunos aspectos de su edición.

  3. Information behaviour: models and concepts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Polona Vilar

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The article presents an overview of the research area of information behaviour. Information behaviour is defined as the behaviour of individuals in relation to information sources and channels, which results as a consequence of their information need, and encompasses passive and active searching of information, and its use. Theoretical foundations are presented, as well as some fundamental conceptual models of information behaviour and related concepts: information searching behaviour, which occurrs in active, purposeful searching for information, regardless of the information source used; and information seeking behaviour, which represents a micro-level of information searching behaviour, and is expressed by those individuals who interact with information retrieval systems.

  4. Accessibility and inclusion informational

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mônica Sena de Souza

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Discusses the role of information professionals in meeting the informational demands of people with disabilities in the information society. The librarian is crucial for the effectiveness and success in the informational inclusion of people with disabilities, considering also continuing education for their professional qualification.Objective: To provide reflections on the role of the librarian in serving users with disabilities, highlighting the need for improvement in information units, identified in the scientific literature with regard to accessibility.Methodology: Literature search, based on a review of literature in books and scientific papers, highlighting the main authors: Adams (2000, Mazzoni (2001 and Sassaki (1997, 2002, 2005.Results: The lack of informational access for people with disabilities hampers their social and political participation, hence, reduces its condition of citizenship.Conclusion: The librarian responsible for seeking continuing education, greater involvement in the events of the area and the constant search for job training, which will reflect on the best service the information needs of users with disabilities.

  5. Informing Science Special Issue on Information Science Research

    OpenAIRE

    Amanda Spink

    2000-01-01

    The papers in this Special Issue of Informing Science highlight research areas in the interdisciplinary field of Information Science. Key research problems for Information Science include: (1) how to model and effectively support human information behaviors, including information seeking and use behaviors, and interaction with information retrieval (IR) technologies, (2) how information should be organized intellectually in IR technologies for more effective human information retrieval, and (...

  6. Information Architecture the Design of Digital Information Spaces

    CERN Document Server

    Ding, Wei

    2009-01-01

    Information Architecture is about organizing and simplifying information, designing and integrating information spaces/systems, and creating ways for people to find and interact with information content. Its goal is to help people understand and manage information and make right decisions accordingly. In the ever-changing social, organizational and technological contexts, Information Architects not only design individual information spaces (e.g., individual websites, software applications, and mobile devices), but also tackle strategic aggregation and integration of multiple information spaces

  7. Reframing information architecture

    CERN Document Server

    Resmini, Andrea

    2014-01-01

    Information architecture has changed dramatically since the mid-1990s and earlier conceptions of the world and the internet being different and separate have given way to a much more complex scenario in the present day. In the post-digital world that we now inhabit the digital and the physical blend easily and our activities and usage of information takes place through multiple contexts and via multiple devices and unstable, emergent choreographies. Information architecture now is steadily growing into a channel- or medium-specific multi-disciplinary framework, with contributions coming from a

  8. Evolution of information systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristensen, Jan

    2000-01-01

    This article offers a dynamic view of continuously changes in a specific informational system illustrated through a case study in a small network company. Central aspects of the evolutionary process will be identified and framed in relation to the informational system change. It will be argued...... that an evolutionary transformation of informational systems are preferable for small network organisations because of their need to adapt rapidly and easily to new business conditions. The IS will only be flexible if both human and technology are prepared and willing/proper configured. Changes are due to altered...

  9. Micro Information Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ulslev Pedersen, Rasmus; Kühn Pedersen, Mogens

    2014-01-01

    We are increasingly surrounded by and using small systems, which are equipped with sensors. Mobile phones, temperature sensors, GPS tracking, emerging nano/micro-size sensors, and similar technologies are used by individuals, groups, and organizations. There are valuable applications for industries...... such as medical and manufacturing. These new sensor applications have implications for information systems (IS) and, the authors visualize this new class of information systems as fractals growing from an established class of systems; namely that of information systems (IS). The identified applications....... The chapter demonstrates the proposed micro-IS framework with a working (open source) application of open demand response systems that address the engineering aspects of this work....

  10. Electricity information 2012

    CERN Document Server

    2012-01-01

    Electricity Information provides a comprehensive review of historical and current market trends in the OECD electricity sector, including 2011 preliminary data. An Introduction, notes, definitions and auxiliary information are provided in Part I. Part II of the publication provides an overview of the world electricity developments in 2010 covering world electricity and heat production, input fuel mix, supply and consumption, and electricity imports and exports. A greater focus is given to the 34 OECD countries with more detailed information covering production, installed capacity, input energy

  11. Process Principle of Information

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张高锋; 任君

    2006-01-01

    Ⅰ.IntroductionInformation structure is the organization modelof given and New information in the course ofinformation transmission.A discourse contains avariety of information and not all the informationlisted in the discourse is necessary and useful to us.When we decode a discourse,usually,we do not needto read every word in the discourse or text but skimor scan the discourse or text to search what we thinkis important or useful to us in the discourse as quicklyas possible.Ⅱ.Process Principles of Informati...

  12. Information security management handbook

    CERN Document Server

    2002-01-01

    The Information Security Management Handbook continues its tradition of consistently communicating the fundamental concepts of security needed to be a true CISSP. In response to new developments, Volume 4 supplements the previous volumes with new information covering topics such as wireless, HIPAA, the latest hacker attacks and defenses, intrusion detection, and provides expanded coverage on security management issues and applications security. Even those that don't plan on sitting for the CISSP exam will find that this handbook is a great information security reference.The changes in the tech

  13. Advanced information society (11)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nawa, Kotaro

    Late in the 1980's the information system of Japanese corporation has been operated strategically to strengthen its competitive position in markets rather than to make corporate management efficient. Therefore, information-oriented policy in the corporation is making remarkable progress. This policy expands the intelligence activity in the corporation and also leads to the extension of the market in an information industry. In this environment closed corporate system is transformed into open one. For this system network and database are important managerial resources.

  14. Information, misinformation og disinformation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søe, Sille Obelitz

    2014-01-01

    Indenfor især informationsfilosofi (Philosophy of Information) men også andre dele af filosofien og informationsvidenskab optræder en tredeling og distinktion mellem begreberne information, misinformation og disinformation. Det lader dog ikke til at disse begreber diskuteres i sammenhæng, men altid...... grundigt kig på Grice's begreb om mening, argumenteres der for at de tre begreber information, misinformation og disinformation bør diskuteres, analyseres og defineres i sammenhæng for at skabe et mere kongruent billede....

  15. Future Information Technology

    CERN Document Server

    Stojmenovic, Ivan; Choi, Min; Xhafa, Fatos; FutureTech 2013

    2014-01-01

    Future technology information technology stands for all of continuously evolving and converging information technologies, including digital convergence, multimedia convergence, intelligent applications, embedded systems, mobile and wireless communications, bio-inspired computing, grid and cloud computing, semantic web, user experience and HCI, security and trust computing and so on, for satisfying our ever-changing needs. In past twenty five years or so, Information Technology (IT) influenced and changed every aspect of our lives and our cultures. These proceedings foster the dissemination of state-of-the-art research in all future IT areas, including their models, services, and novel applications associated with their utilization.

  16. Developing geographic information infrastructure : the role of information policies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van Loenen, B.

    2006-01-01

    Within information societies, information availability is a key issue affecting societyâs well being. The infrastructure underlying the foundation of the information society may be referred to as the information infrastructure. A geographic information infrastructure (GII) supports the information i

  17. Informed Consent (Clinical Trials)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Research Cancer Treatment Types of Treatment Side Effects Clinical Trials Information A to Z List of Cancer Drugs ... Staging Prognosis Treatment Types of Treatment Side Effects Clinical Trials Cancer Drugs Complementary & Alternative Medicine Coping Feelings & Cancer ...

  18. OLEM Calendar Information

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This asset includes the Office of Land and Emergency Management (OLEM) Calendar Information, which comprises three OLEM Calendars: the OLEM Calendar, the OLEM...

  19. Quantum information theory

    CERN Document Server

    Wilde, Mark M

    2017-01-01

    Developing many of the major, exciting, pre- and post-millennium developments from the ground up, this book is an ideal entry point for graduate students into quantum information theory. Significant attention is given to quantum mechanics for quantum information theory, and careful studies of the important protocols of teleportation, superdense coding, and entanglement distribution are presented. In this new edition, readers can expect to find over 100 pages of new material, including detailed discussions of Bell's theorem, the CHSH game, Tsirelson's theorem, the axiomatic approach to quantum channels, the definition of the diamond norm and its interpretation, and a proof of the Choi–Kraus theorem. Discussion of the importance of the quantum dynamic capacity formula has been completely revised, and many new exercises and references have been added. This new edition will be welcomed by the upcoming generation of quantum information theorists and the already established community of classical information theo...

  20. Enforcement Information System

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Transportation — EIS is an automated management information system that tracks the FAA’s enforcement actions on a nationwide basis. EIS is the FAA’s primary database for tracking...

  1. Integrated Reporting Information System -

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Transportation — The Integrated Reporting Information System (IRIS) is a flexible and scalable web-based system that supports post operational analysis and evaluation of the National...

  2. Information Operations Primer

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-01

    Director, Information Operations & Strategic Studies Rosemary Wenchel DISES Requirements & Programs IO Intelligence Integration Plans & Policy...competitive civil service selection process. Mr. Mark H. Johnson ( DISES ) is the Director of JIOWC, and USAR Colonel Vincent D. Crabb is the Deputy

  3. Superfund Site Information

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This asset includes a number of individual data sets related to site-specific information for Superfund, which is governed under the Comprehensive Environmental...

  4. Control and Information Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiri Zahradnik

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with main tends of scientific research activities of Department of Control and Information Systems at the Faculty of Electrical Engineering of University of Zilina and its perspectives in this area.

  5. Alternative fuel information sources

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1994-06-01

    This short document contains a list of more than 200 US sources of information (Name, address, phone number, and sometimes contact) related to the use of alternative fuels in automobiles and trucks. Electric-powered cars are also included.

  6. Zika Travel Information

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Partners GeoSentinel Global TravEpiNet Mobile Apps RSS Feeds Zika Travel Information Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share Compartir ... website . World Map of Areas with Risk of Zika Zika Travel Notices Zika Virus in Cape Verde ...

  7. Information science and applications

    CERN Document Server

    2015-01-01

    This proceedings volume provides a snapshot of the latest issues encountered in technical convergence and convergences of security technology.  It explores how information science is core to most current research, industrial and commercial activities and consists of contributions covering topics including Ubiquitous Computing, Networks and Information Systems, Multimedia and Visualization, Middleware and Operating Systems, Security and Privacy, Data Mining and Artificial Intelligence, Software Engineering, and Web Technology.   The proceedings introduce the most recent information technology and ideas, applications and problems related to technology convergence, illustrated through case studies, and reviews converging existing security techniques.  Through this volume, readers will gain an understanding of the current state-of-the-art in information strategies and technologies of convergence security. The intended readership are researchers in academia, industry, and other research institutes focusing on ...

  8. Comment on "Spacetime Information"

    CERN Document Server

    Kent, A

    1996-01-01

    A recent paper by Hartle [Phys. Rev. D 51, 1800 (1995)] proposes a definition of ``spacetime information'' --- the information available about a quantum system's boundary conditions in the various sets of decohering histories it may display --- and investigates its properties. We note here that Hartle's analysis contains errors which invalidate several of the conclusions. In particular, the proof that the proposed definition agrees with the standard definition for ordinary quantum mechanics is invalid, the evaluations of the spacetime information for time-neutral generalized quantum theories and for generalized quantum theories with non-unitary evolution are incorrect, and the argument that spacetime information is conserved on spacelike surfaces in these last theories is erroneous. We show however that the proposed definition does, in fact, agree with the standard definition for ordinary quantum mechanics. Hartle's definition relies on choosing, case by case, a class of fine-grained consistent sets of histor...

  9. Therapy Provider Phase Information

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Therapy Provider Phase Information dataset is a tool for providers to search by their National Provider Identifier (NPI) number to determine their phase for...

  10. Cryptosystem for Information Security

    OpenAIRE

    Samir Kumar Bandyopadhyay,; Somaditya Roy

    2010-01-01

    This paper introduces a symmetric cryptosystem for information. Algorithms are described for implementing the proposed method. Cryptanalysis of the proposed scheme is reported along with similar analysis for two popular systems – DES and AES.

  11. OEM Emergency Preparedness Information

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — The Office of Emergency Management compiles a wide variety of information in support of Emergency Preparedness, including certain elements of the System for Risk...

  12. Entropy and information

    CERN Document Server

    Volkenstein, Mikhail V

    2009-01-01

    The book "Entropy and Information" deals with the thermodynamical concept of entropy and its relationship to information theory. It is successful in explaining the universality of the term "Entropy" not only as a physical phenomenon, but reveals its existence also in other domains. E.g., Volkenstein discusses the "meaning" of entropy in a biological context and shows how entropy is related to artistic activities. Written by the renowned Russian bio-physicist Mikhail V. Volkenstein, this book on "Entropy and Information" surely serves as a timely introduction to understand entropy from a thermodynamic perspective and is definitely an inspiring and thought-provoking book that should be read by every physicist, information-theorist, biologist, and even artist.

  13. Passengers, Information, and Disruptions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    E. van der Hurk (Evelien)

    2015-01-01

    markdownabstract__Abstract__ Passengers traveling in public transport generate a detailed digital track record of their journey through using automated fare collection systems and carrying mobile devices. This information on passenger behavior has only recently become available to public transport

  14. Brownfields Grants Information

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This asset includes all types of information regarding Brownfields grant programs that subsidize/support Brownfield cleanup. This includes EPA's Brownfields Program...

  15. Matter Tracking Information System -

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Transportation — The Matter Tracking Information System (MTIS) principle function is to streamline and integrate the workload and work activity generated or addressed by our 300 plus...

  16. OEM Emergency Response Information

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — The Office of Emergency Management retains records of all incident responses in which it participates. This data asset includes three major sources of information:...

  17. Afghanistan / Pakistan Information Database

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Agency for International Development — USAID Info is a dynamic, web-based information management application designed to organize, monitor, and store OAPA Missions? implementation- and performance-level...

  18. Information retrieval system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berg, R. F.; Holcomb, J. E.; Kelroy, E. A.; Levine, D. A.; Mee, C., III

    1970-01-01

    Generalized information storage and retrieval system capable of generating and maintaining a file, gathering statistics, sorting output, and generating final reports for output is reviewed. File generation and file maintenance programs written for the system are general purpose routines.

  19. Information Engineering and Applications

    CERN Document Server

    Ma, Yan; International Conference on Information Engineering and Applications (IEA) 2011

    2012-01-01

    The International Conference on Information Engineering and Applications (IEA) 2011 will be held on October 21-24, 2011, in Chongqing, China. It is organized by Chongqing Normal University, Chongqing University, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Nanyang Technological University, the University of Michigan, Chongqing University of Arts and Sciences, and sponsored by the National Natural Science Foundation of China. The objective of IEA 2011 is to facilitate an exchange of information on best practices for the latest research advances in the area of information engineering and intelligence applications, which mainly includes computer science and engineering, informatics, communications and control, electrical engineering, information computing, business intelligence and management. IEA 2011 will provide a forum for engineers and scientists in academia, industry, and government to address the most innovative research and development including technical challenges, social and economic issues, and to present and disc...

  20. Information theory and statistics

    CERN Document Server

    Kullback, Solomon

    1997-01-01

    Highly useful text studies logarithmic measures of information and their application to testing statistical hypotheses. Includes numerous worked examples and problems. References. Glossary. Appendix. 1968 2nd, revised edition.

  1. On building Information Warehouses

    CERN Document Server

    Laha, Arijit

    2009-01-01

    One of the most important goals of information management (IM) is supporting the knowledge workers in performing their works. In this paper we examine issues of relevance, linkage and provenance of information, as accessed and used by the knowledge workers. These are usually not adequately addressed in most of the IT based solutions for IM. Here we propose a non-conventional approach for building information systems for supporting the knowledge workers which addresses these issues. The approach leads to the ideas of building Information Warehouses (IW) and Knowledge work Support Systems (KwSS). Such systems can open up potential for building innovative applications of significant impact, including those capable of helping organizations in implementing processes for double-loop learning.

  2. Information security cost management

    CERN Document Server

    Bazavan, Ioana V

    2006-01-01

    While information security is an ever-present challenge for all types of organizations today, most focus on providing security without addressing the necessities of staff, time, or budget in a practical manner.Information Security Cost Management offers a pragmatic approach to implementing information security, taking budgetary and real-world constraints into consideration. By providing frameworks, step-by-step processes, and project management breakdowns, this book demonstrates how to design the best security strategy with the resources you have available. Organized into five sections, the book-Focuses on setting the right road map so that you can be most effective in your information security implementationsDiscusses cost-effective staffing, the single biggest expense to the security organizationPresents practical ways to build and manage the documentation that details strategy, provides resources for operating annual audits, and illustrates how to advertise accomplishments to senior management effectivelyI...

  3. Tuberculosis: General Information

    Science.gov (United States)

    TB Elimination Tuberculosis: General Information What is TB? Tuberculosis (TB) is a disease caused by germs that are spread from person ... Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention Division of Tuberculosis Elimination CS227840_A What Does a Positive Test ...

  4. Energy information directory 1998

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-11-01

    The National Energy Information Center (NEIC), as part of its mission, provides energy information and referral assistance to Federal, State, and local governments, the academic community, business and industrial organizations, and the general public. The two principal functions related to this task are: (1) operating a general access telephone line, and (2) responding to energy-related correspondence addressed to the Energy Information Administration (EIA). The Energy Information Directory was developed to assist the NEIC staff, as well as other Department of Energy (DOE) staff, in directing inquiries to the proper offices within DOE, other Federal agencies, or energy-related trade associations. The Directory lists most Government offices and trade associations that are involved in energy matters.

  5. Mobile Informal Learning

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Glahn, Christian; Börner, Dirk

    2010-01-01

    Glahn, C., & Börner, D. (2009). Mobile Informal Learning. Presented at Mobile Learning in Context Symposium at the Open University of the Netherlands. September, 11, 2009, Heerlen, The Netherlands: Open University of the Netherlands.

  6. Physiological Information Database (PID)

    Science.gov (United States)

    EPA has developed a physiological information database (created using Microsoft ACCESS) intended to be used in PBPK modeling. The database contains physiological parameter values for humans from early childhood through senescence as well as similar data for laboratory animal spec...

  7. Formal and Informal Styles

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    伍柳

    2002-01-01

    This article intends to discuss one fundamental aspect of style…differences between formal and informal English with concrete examples through some specific features that distinquish these two types of English.

  8. Audit Information Management System

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Agency for International Development — USAID/OIG has initiated its new Audit Information Management System (AIMS) to track OIG's audit recommendations and USAID's management decisions. OIG's in-house...

  9. Retirement Information Center Blog

    Data.gov (United States)

    Office of Personnel Management — A place for the U.S. Office of Personnel Management (OPM) to share information about retirement benefits for new, prospective, and current Federal employees, as well...

  10. Building information deduced

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tamke, Martin; Myrup Jensen, Morten; Beetz, Jakob

    2014-01-01

    In recent years, Building Information Models have become commonplace in building profession. The extensive use and increasing experience with BIM models offers new perspectives and potentials for design and planning. A recent stakeholder study conducted by the authors of this paper show...... of a model, differences in separate models or models from different point of time. Current BIM tools support both modes only in a rudimentary form. This paper discusses current modes of information query within and across BIM models, shows beneficial scenarios for building and planning practice through...... that in practice models are no longer solely observed as culmination of knowledge in a 3d representation of future built structures, but as a source of information in itself. Experienced users of BIM want to Find Information within a model or across a set of these and Compare models in order to evaluate states...

  11. Turbulence as Information

    CERN Document Server

    Goldburg, W I

    2016-01-01

    A message of any sort can be regarded as a source of information. Claude. E. Shannon showed in the last century that information ("what we don't already know") is equivalent to the entropy as defined in statistical mechanics. A string of experimental observations is like a succession of words; they both convey information and can be characterized by their entropy. For the fluid flow measurements and simulations to be discussed here (pipe and soap film flow, GOY model), the entropy depends on controllable parameters such as the Reynolds number. The information theory approach is applicable to measurements of any type including those governed by intractable equations or systems where the governing equations are not known. This contribution is dedicated to the memory of Leo Kadanoff, an inspiring teacher and one of the most important scientific leaders of the last half century.

  12. Carbon Monoxide Information Center

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... as CO, is called the "Invisible Killer" because it's a colorless, odorless, poisonous gas. More than 150 ... Working CO alarms matter. Install one and check its batteries regularly. View Information About CO Alarms Other ...

  13. Labor Informality: General Causes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Sandoval Betancour

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The article examines the main causes of labor informality in order to verify the validity of classical theories that explain unemployment in market economies and its relationship to informality. Methodologically, the project was based, in the empirical part, on international statistics, comparing the evolution of labor market structure in a combined sample of highly industrialized countries and other less industrialized ones. Empirical evidence supports the conclusion that the classical economic theory of Marxist origin is inefficient to explain the causes of unemployment in contemporary market economies, as well as it fails to satisfactorily explain informality. On the contrary, we conclude that the theory in question is more relevant to explain informality in centrally planned economies where this phenomenon has been present even more significantly than in free market economies.

  14. NIDDK Information Network (DKnet)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The NIDDK Information Network serves the needs of basic and clinical investigators by providing seamless access to large pools of data relevant to the mission of...

  15. Global Resources Information System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Estes, J. E.; Star, J. L. (Principal Investigator); Cosentino, M. J.; Mann, L. J.

    1984-01-01

    The basic design criteria and operating characteristics of a Global Resources Information System GRIS are defined. Researchers are compiling background material and aiding JPL personnel in this project definition phase of GRIS. A bibliography of past studies and current work on large scale information systems is compiled. The material in this bibliography will be continuously updated throughout the lifetime of this grant. Project management, systems architecture, and user applications are also discussed.

  16. Electronics and Information

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ Previously founded as CCPITMachinery and Electronics Sub-council and CCOIC Machinery and Electronics Chamber of Corn-merce in June, 1988, CCPIT Electronics Sub-Council and CCOIC Electronics Chamber of Commerce were established in May, 1993, and then renamed as CCPIT Electronics and Information Industry Sub-council and CCOIC Electronics and Infor-mation Industry Chamber of Commerce (CCPITECC) in September 1999.

  17. Asymmetric information and economics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frieden, B. Roy; Hawkins, Raymond J.

    2010-01-01

    We present an expression of the economic concept of asymmetric information with which it is possible to derive the dynamical laws of an economy. To illustrate the utility of this approach we show how the assumption of optimal information flow leads to a general class of investment strategies including the well-known Q theory of Tobin. Novel consequences of this formalism include a natural definition of market efficiency and an uncertainty principle relating capital stock and investment flow.

  18. Management Information System

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-01-01

    New Automated Management Information Center (AMIC) employs innovative microcomputer techniques to create color charts, viewgraphs, or other data displays in a fraction of the time formerly required. Developed under Kennedy Space Center's contract by Boeing Services International Inc., Seattle, WA, AMIC can produce an entirely new informational chart in 30 minutes, or an updated chart in only five minutes. AMIC also has considerable potential as a management system for business firms.

  19. Electronic Information Management

    OpenAIRE

    Tonta, Yaşar; Correia, Ana Maria Ramalho; Teixeira, José Carlos; Frame, Michael T.; Cotter, Gladys A.; Koehler, Wallace; Cornish, Graham P. (IFLA); Hodge, Gail (IIa); Twitchell, Gregory D.

    2004-01-01

    Networked information sources and services proved to be an indispensable part of our everyday lives. We get access to a wide variety of bibliographic, full-text and multimedia databases through the intranets, extranets and the Internet. Information and communication technologies available in different settings (e.g., workplace, home, library, and Internet cafés) facilitate our access to such online services as ebanking, e-government, e-learning, and e-entertainment. Although some advanced inf...

  20. The Complex Information Process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edwina Taborsky

    2000-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: This paper examines the semiosic development of energy to information within a dyadic reality that operates within the contradictions of both classical and quantum physics. These two realities are examined within the three Peircean modal categories of Firstness, Secondness and Thirdness. The paper concludes that our world cannot operate within either of the two physical realities but instead filiates the two to permit a semiosis or information-generation of complex systems.

  1. The Complex Information Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taborsky, Edwina

    2000-09-01

    This paper examines the semiosic development of energy to information within a dyadic reality that operates within the contradictions of both classical and quantum physics. These two realities are examined within the three Peircean modal categories of Firstness, Secondness and Thirdness. The paper concludes that our world cannot operate within either of the two physical realities but instead filiates the two to permit a semiosis or information-generation of complex systems.

  2. Analogies of Information Security

    OpenAIRE

    Sole, Amund Bauck

    2016-01-01

    In this thesis it will be tested wither analogies and metaphors would make it easier to teach the fundamental subjects of information security and hacking to people with no previous background in computer science and only basic computer skills. This will be done by conducting interview on people with no background in computer science to see what analogies work the best for different topics in information security. From the analogy getting the best response, a small game will be designed with ...

  3. Information Technology and Security

    OpenAIRE

    Denning, Dorothy E.

    2003-01-01

    in Grave New World: Global Dangers in the 21st Century (Michael Brown ed.), Georgetown Press, 2003. (.pdf of prepublication version) This paper examines key trends and developments in information technology, and the implications of those developments on stability and security. Focus is on cyber threats to computer networks, including information theft and sabotage, and acts that disrupt or deny services. Seven trend areas are examined: ubiquity, mobility, hacking tools, perform...

  4. Information Assurance Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-01-01

    Institute, C3I, Delfin Systems, ITT Industries, MITRE, Information Management Group, SAIC, GRC International, CSC, GTE, Harris and TRW. An official from...and organizations: Booz • Allen Hamilton, General Dynamics, Georgia Tech Research Institute, C3I, Delfin Systems, ITT Industries, MITRE, Information...Raczynski GD Julie Ryan JRI Mike Shank Delfin & FGM Mary Shupack TRW Angelo Spandaro GRCI Bob Thompson BAH Neil Wagoner Mitre Rusty Wall CSC Chris Wilson

  5. INFORMATION VIA AUGMENTED

    OpenAIRE

    Tetteh, Sampson

    2015-01-01

    The vast majority of mobile technology today has developed over the past dec-ades. The thirst for information and communication has brought about high data transfer speed on modern mobile handset devices. This makes it possible for Augmented Reality to be used on mobile phones. Vaasa University of Applied Science, Technobothnia science resource center and Lumivaara Museum saw the importance of information and decided to embark on a pilot project where Augmented Reality will not be only us...

  6. Information theory and Thermodynamics

    OpenAIRE

    Kafri, Oded

    2006-01-01

    A communication theory for a transmitter broadcasting to many receivers is presented. In this case energetic considerations cannot be neglected as in Shannon theory. It is shown that, when energy is assigned to the information bit, information theory complies with classical thermodynamic and is part of it. To provide a thermodynamic theory of communication it is necessary to define equilibrium for informatics systems that are not in thermal equilibrium and to calculate temperature, heat, and ...

  7. DISEASE MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM

    OpenAIRE

    Bens Pardamean; Anindito; Anjela Djoeang; Nana Tobing

    2013-01-01

    The study designed an information system model for Disease Management (DisMan) that met the specifications and needs of a consumer electronics manufacturer. The diseases monitored by this study were diabetes, hypertension and tuberculosis. Data were collected through interviews with the companyâs human resources department and occupational health provider. As for the model, literature and online research were conducted to collect health standards and information system standards on existing D...

  8. Information Literacy Journal Club

    OpenAIRE

    Dalton, Michelle; Tumelty, Niamh

    2014-01-01

    The Information Literacy Journal Club (http://infolitjournalclub.blogspot.co.uk/) is an online discussion group that focuses on information literacy and other aspects of user education. The journal club was originally set up on the Blogger platform in December 2012 by Niamh Tumelty (University of Cambridge) and Sheila Webber (University of Sheffield), and since then the community involved has grown to include a range of professionals interested in the area.

  9. Against information literacy

    OpenAIRE

    Williams, P.

    2006-01-01

    This article argues that advocates of “information literacy” (IL) within the library profession are guilty of grossly exaggerating its importance. It presents several, referenced examples of hyperbole in recent literature and shows how this is partly a consequence of a conflation of IL with lifelong learning. Identifies a tendency amongst IL proponents to write about information-seeking in generic, abstract terms and to over-emphasise its complexity. Criticises the lack of debate within the U...

  10. Geometry from Information Geometry

    CERN Document Server

    Caticha, Ariel

    2015-01-01

    We use the method of maximum entropy to model physical space as a curved statistical manifold. It is then natural to use information geometry to explain the geometry of space. We find that the resultant information metric does not describe the full geometry of space but only its conformal geometry -- the geometry up to local changes of scale. Remarkably, this is precisely what is needed to model "physical" space in general relativity.

  11. Information applications: Rapporteur summary

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Siegel, S. [National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD (United States)

    1990-12-31

    An increased level of mathematical sophistication will be needed in the future to be able to handle the spectrum of information as it comes from a broad array of biological systems and other sources. Classification will be an increasingly complex and difficult issue. Several projects that are discussed are being developed by the US Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), including a directory of risk assessment projects and a directory of exposure information resources.

  12. Canonical Information Analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vestergaard, Jacob Schack; Nielsen, Allan Aasbjerg

    2015-01-01

    Canonical correlation analysis is an established multivariate statistical method in which correlation between linear combinations of multivariate sets of variables is maximized. In canonical information analysis introduced here, linear correlation as a measure of association between variables is ...... airborne data. The simulation study shows that canonical information analysis is as accurate as and much faster than algorithms presented in previous work, especially for large sample sizes. URL: http://www.imm.dtu.dk/pubdb/p.php?6270...

  13. Scientific information processing procedures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García, Maylin

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The paper systematizes several theoretical view-points on scientific information processing skill. It decomposes the processing skills into sub-skills. Several methods such analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, document analysis were used to build up a theoretical framework. Interviews and survey to professional being trained and a case study was carried out to evaluate the results. All professional in the sample improved their performance in scientific information processing.

  14. Information technology resources assessment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Loken, S.C. [ed.

    1993-01-01

    The emphasis in Information Technology (IT) development has shifted from technology management to information management, and the tools of information management are increasingly at the disposal of end-users, people who deal with information. Moreover, the interactive capabilities of technologies such as hypertext, scientific visualization, virtual reality, video conferencing, and even database management systems have placed in the hands of users a significant amount of discretion over how these resources will be used. The emergence of high-performance networks, as well as network operating systems, improved interoperability, and platform independence of applications will eliminate technical barriers to the use of data, increase the power and range of resources that can be used cooperatively, and open up a wealth of possibilities for new applications. The very scope of these prospects for the immediate future is a problem for the IT planner or administrator. Technology procurement and implementation, integration of new technologies into the existing infrastructure, cost recovery and usage of networks and networked resources, training issues, and security concerns such as data protection and access to experiments are just some of the issues that need to be considered in the emerging IT environment. As managers we must use technology to improve competitiveness. When procuring new systems, we must take advantage of scalable resources. New resources such as distributed file systems can improve access to and efficiency of existing operating systems. In addition, we must assess opportunities to improve information worker productivity and information management through tedmologies such as distributed computational visualization and teleseminar applications.

  15. Autonomous Evolutionary Information Systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    Traditional information systems are passive, i.e., data orknowledge is created , retrieved, modified, updated, and deleted only in response to operations issued by users or application programs, and the systems only can execute queries or t ransactions explicitly submitted by users or application programs but have no ab ility to do something actively by themselves. Unlike a traditional information system serving just as a storehouse of data or knowledge and working passively a ccording to queries or transactions explicitly issued by users and application p rograms, an autonomous evolutionary information system serves as an autonomous a nd evolutionary partner of its users that discovers new knowledge from its datab ase or knowledge-base autonomously, cooperates with its users in solving proble m s actively by providing the users with advices, and has a certain mechanism to i mprove its own state of “knowing” and ability of “working”. This paper semi nall y defines what is an autonomous evolutionary information system, explain why aut onomous evolutionary information systems are needed, and presents some new issue s, fundamental considerations, and research directions in design and development of autonomous evolutionary information systems.

  16. Information Equation of State

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Paul Gough

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Landauer’s principle is applied to information in the universe. Once stars began forming there was a constant information energy density as the increasing proportion of matter at high stellar temperatures exactly compensated for the expanding universe. The information equation of state was close to the dark energy value, w = -1, for a wide range of redshifts, 10 > z > 0.8, over one half of cosmic time. A reasonable universe information bit content of only 1087 bits is sufficient for information energy to account for all dark energy. A time varying equation of state with a direct link between dark energy and matter, and linked to star formation in particular, is clearly relevant to the cosmic coincidence problem. In answering the ‘Why now?’ question we wonder ‘What next?’ as we expect the information equation of state to tend towards w = 0 in the future.c

  17. Cockpit weather information system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tu, Jeffrey Chen-Yu (Inventor)

    2000-01-01

    Weather information, periodically collected from throughout a global region, is periodically assimilated and compiled at a central source and sent via a high speed data link to a satellite communication service, such as COMSAT. That communication service converts the compiled weather information to GSDB format, and transmits the GSDB encoded information to an orbiting broadcast satellite, INMARSAT, transmitting the information at a data rate of no less than 10.5 kilobits per second. The INMARSAT satellite receives that data over its P-channel and rebroadcasts the GDSB encoded weather information, in the microwave L-band, throughout the global region at a rate of no less than 10.5 KB/S. The transmission is received aboard an aircraft by means of an onboard SATCOM receiver and the output is furnished to a weather information processor. A touch sensitive liquid crystal panel display allows the pilot to select the weather function by touching a predefined icon overlain on the display's surface and in response a color graphic display of the weather is displayed for the pilot.

  18. Photovoltaics information user study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Belew, W.W.; Wood, B.L.; Marie, T.L.; Reinhardt, C.L.

    1980-10-01

    The results of a series of telephone interviews with groups of users of information on photovoltaics (PV) are described. These results, part of a larger study on many different solar technologies, identify types of information each group needed and the best ways to get information to each group. The report is 1 of 10 discussing study results. The overall study provides baseline data about information needs in the solar community. It covers these technological areas: photovoltaics, passive solar heating and cooling, active solar heating and cooling, biomass energy, solar thermal electric power, solar industrial and agricultural process heat, wind energy, ocean energy, and advanced energy storage. An earlier study identified the information user groups in the solar community and the priority (to accelerate solar energy commercialization) of getting information to each group. In the current study only high-priority groups were examined. Results from seven PV groups respondents are analyzed in this report: DOE-Funded Researchers, Non-DOE-Funded Researchers, Researchers Working for Manufacturers, Representatives of Other Manufacturers, Representatives of Utilities, Electric Power Engineers, and Educators.

  19. Positional information, in bits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dubuis, Julien O; Tkacik, Gasper; Wieschaus, Eric F; Gregor, Thomas; Bialek, William

    2013-10-08

    Cells in a developing embryo have no direct way of "measuring" their physical position. Through a variety of processes, however, the expression levels of multiple genes come to be correlated with position, and these expression levels thus form a code for "positional information." We show how to measure this information, in bits, using the gap genes in the Drosophila embryo as an example. Individual genes carry nearly two bits of information, twice as much as would be expected if the expression patterns consisted only of on/off domains separated by sharp boundaries. Taken together, four gap genes carry enough information to define a cell's location with an error bar of ~1 along the anterior/posterior axis of the embryo. This precision is nearly enough for each cell to have a unique identity, which is the maximum information the system can use, and is nearly constant along the length of the embryo. We argue that this constancy is a signature of optimality in the transmission of information from primary morphogen inputs to the output of the gap gene network.

  20. INFORMATION SPACE– EDUCATIONAL SPACE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monica LIA

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper has set the objective of researching how education is influenced by the information society. The first step was to define more precisely the information space. The second step was to identify how information space intersects with the family space and institutional space educational levels represented by pre-school / school and pre-university (kindergarten, at elementary / middle school / high school. Interrelationship between the above mentioned areas was another objective of the research. All these elements have been investigated through the original intention to identify how the information space can become an educational tool to support the family space, education and institutional space. Also, the aim of this research is to offer some solutions in this regard. Often the educational efforts appear to be blocked by the existence of this space. But this paper demonstrates that Informational space can be an enemy of the educational system or can support systems if we knew the internal structure and mechanisms. We can make the Informational Space to work in order to accomplish the educational scope.

  1. Model for Electromagnetic Information Leakage

    OpenAIRE

    Mao Jian; Li Yongmei; Zhang Jiemin; Liu Jinming

    2013-01-01

    Electromagnetic leakage will happen in working information equipments; it could lead to information leakage. In order to discover the nature of information in electromagnetic leakage, this paper combined electromagnetic theory with information theory as an innovative research method. It outlines a systematic model of electromagnetic information leakage, which theoretically describes the process of information leakage, intercept and reproduction based on electromagnetic radiation, and ana...

  2. Overriding information issues. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hein, Vibeke

    1998-04-01

    The Nordic project on overriding information issues focus on why an information project, how to inform about a difficult subject in a modern society, how to provide advance information, how to inform when the accident has occurred and how to inform about NKS and projects. (au)

  3. Information Management and Educational Pluralism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Broadbent, Marianne

    1984-01-01

    Maps area of information studies as basis for discussion and course development with other university departments. Diversity versus disparity, meaning of information, information professions, information as commodity and process, information management programs and course models, information science and technology, and relationships of…

  4. Does Information Have Mass?

    CERN Document Server

    Kish, Laszlo B

    2013-01-01

    Does information have mass? This question has been asked many times and there are many answers even on the Internet, including on Yahoo Answers. Usually the answer is "no". Attempts have been made to assess the physical mass of information by estimating the mass of electrons feeding the power-guzzling computers and devices making up the Internet, the result being around 50 gram. Other efforts to calculate the mass of information have assumed that each electron involved in signal transfer carries one bit of information, which makes the corresponding mass to be about 10^-5 gram. We address the fundamental question of minimum mass related to a bit of information from the angles of quantum physics and special relativity. Our results indicate that there are different answers depending on the physical situation, and sometimes the mass can even be negative. We tend to be skeptical about the earlier mass estimations, mentioned above, because our results indicate that the electron's mass does not play a role in any on...

  5. Energy information directory 1997

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-09-01

    The National Energy Information Center (NEIC), as part of its mission, provides energy information and referral assistance to Federal, state, and local governments, the academic community, business and industrial organizations, and the general public. The two principal functions related to this task are: (1) operating a general access telephone line, and (2) responding to energy-related correspondence addressed to the Energy Information Administration (EIA). The Energy Information Directory was developed to assist the NEIC staff, as well as other Department of Energy (DOE) staff, in directing inquiries to the proper offices within DOE, other Federal agencies, or energy-related trade associations. The Directory lists some of the Government offices and trade associations that are involved in energy matters. It includes those DOE offices which deal with the public or public information. For the purposes of this publication, each entry has been given a numeric identification symbol. The index found in the back of this publication uses these identification numbers to refer the reader to relevant entries.

  6. Information in Our World: Conceptions of Information and Problems of Method in Information Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Lai

    2012-01-01

    Many concepts of information have been proposed and discussed in library and information science. These concepts of information can be broadly categorized as empirical and situational information. Unlike nomenclatures in many sciences, however, the concept of information in library and information science does not bear a generally accepted…

  7. Disciplinary Perspectives on Information Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Dorte

    2013-01-01

    different underlying concepts: Information Management1: information management at institutional level. Information Management2: content-oriented information management, rooted in information science and Information Management3: technology-oriented information management, rooted in information systems......This paper addresses the need for a coherent conceptual framework for information management. The paper discusses the field of information management as represented by existing analyses of author affiliations, and a distinction is introduced between information management at institutional level...... and information management at conceptual level. Conceptual frameworks should be founded on concepts. One of the challenges of developing a framework is to delimit the area of inquiry. Is information management a discipline in its own right, or is information management several disciplines? Little research has...

  8. Disciplinary Perspectives on Information Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Dorte

    different underlying concepts: Information Management 1: information management at institutional level. Information Management 2: contentoriented information management, rooted in information science and Information Management 3: technologyoriented information management, rooted in information systems......This paper addresses the need for a coherent conceptual framework for information management. The paper discusses the field of information management as represented by existing analyses of author affiliations, and a distinction is introduced between information management at institutional level...... and information management at conceptual level. Conceptual frameworks should be founded on concepts. One of the challenges of developing a framework is to delimit the area of inquiry. Is information management a discipline in its own right, or is information management several disciplines? Little research has...

  9. Maximum information photoelectron metrology

    CERN Document Server

    Hockett, P; Wollenhaupt, M; Baumert, T

    2015-01-01

    Photoelectron interferograms, manifested in photoelectron angular distributions (PADs), are a high-information, coherent observable. In order to obtain the maximum information from angle-resolved photoionization experiments it is desirable to record the full, 3D, photoelectron momentum distribution. Here we apply tomographic reconstruction techniques to obtain such 3D distributions from multiphoton ionization of potassium atoms, and fully analyse the energy and angular content of the 3D data. The PADs obtained as a function of energy indicate good agreement with previous 2D data and detailed analysis [Hockett et. al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 223001 (2014)] over the main spectral features, but also indicate unexpected symmetry-breaking in certain regions of momentum space, thus revealing additional continuum interferences which cannot otherwise be observed. These observations reflect the presence of additional ionization pathways and, most generally, illustrate the power of maximum information measurements of th...

  10. Information technologies in biomedicine

    CERN Document Server

    Kawa, Jacek; Wieclawek, Wojciech

    2014-01-01

    New computerized approaches to various problems have become critically important in healthcare. Computer assisted diagnosis has been extended towards a support of the clinical treatment. Mathematical information analysis, computer applications have become standard tools underpinning the current rapid progress with developing Computational Intelligence. A computerized support in the analysis of patient information and implementation of a computer aided diagnosis and treatment systems, increases the objectivity of the analysis and speeds up the response to pathological changes. This book presents a variety of state-of-the-art information technology and its applications to the networked environment to allow robust computerized approaches to be introduced throughout the healthcare enterprise. Image analysis and its application is the traditional part that deals with the problem of data processing, recognition and classification. Bioinformatics has become a dynamically developed field of computer assisted biologic...

  11. Information sciences experiment system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katzberg, Stephen J.; Murray, Nicholas D.; Benz, Harry F.; Bowker, David E.; Hendricks, Herbert D.

    1990-01-01

    The rapid expansion of remote sensing capability over the last two decades will take another major leap forward with the advent of the Earth Observing System (Eos). An approach is presented that will permit experiments and demonstrations in onboard information extraction. The approach is a non-intrusive, eavesdropping mode in which a small amount of spacecraft real estate is allocated to an onboard computation resource. How such an approach allows the evaluation of advanced technology in the space environment, advanced techniques in information extraction for both Earth science and information science studies, direct to user data products, and real-time response to events, all without affecting other on-board instrumentation is discussed.

  12. Normalized Information Distance

    CERN Document Server

    Vitanyi, Paul M B; Cilibrasi, Rudi L; Li, Ming

    2008-01-01

    The normalized information distance is a universal distance measure for objects of all kinds. It is based on Kolmogorov complexity and thus uncomputable, but there are ways to utilize it. First, compression algorithms can be used to approximate the Kolmogorov complexity if the objects have a string representation. Second, for names and abstract concepts, page count statistics from the World Wide Web can be used. These practical realizations of the normalized information distance can then be applied to machine learning tasks, expecially clustering, to perform feature-free and parameter-free data mining. This chapter discusses the theoretical foundations of the normalized information distance and both practical realizations. It presents numerous examples of successful real-world applications based on these distance measures, ranging from bioinformatics to music clustering to machine translation.

  13. Quantum Information An Introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Hayashi, Masahito

    2006-01-01

    Recently, quantum information theory has been developing through a fusion of results from various research fields. This requires that understanding of basic results on diverse topics, and derived from different disciplinary perspectives, is required for appreciating the overall picture. Intended to merge key topics from both the information-theoretic and quantum- mechanical viewpoints, this graduate-level textbook provides a unified viewpoint of quantum information theory and lucid explanations of those basic results, so that the reader fundamentally grasps advances and challenges. For example, advanced topics in quantum communication such as quantum teleportation, superdense coding, quantum state transmission (quantum error-correction), and quantum encryption especially benefit from this unified approach. Unlike earlier treatments, the text requires knowledge of only linear algebra, probability theory, and quantum mechanics, while it treats the topics of quantum hypothesis testing and the discrimination of q...

  14. INFORM'ACTION

    CERN Multimedia

    STAFF ASSOCIATION

    2010-01-01

    INFORM’ACTION Commission ! It’s all in the title ! At a time when one of the keywords is COMMUNICATE, the Staff Association has a duty to take it seriously. This is why, among other reasons, the youngest of the Staff Association internal commissions was created in 20005. As its name indicates, this commission is responsible for INFORMING, TRAINING (FORMER) and organizing ACTIONs. INFORMING : The members of this commission endeavour to work using all imaginable and known channels of information: articles, emails, alerts, posters, web site, organizing meetings, distributing flyers, banners, videos, etc. In 2009 a new web site (http://cern.ch/association) was put on line.   Since then this site has been continually updated to provide information regarding the latest news in the social domain (Pension Fund, CHIS, 5YR), and also special offers for our members, club news, and social and cultural activities. In 2009 and 2010, the Staff Association notice boards were ...

  15. Information Global Marketing Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aleksandar Grubor

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Global marketing management needs to be implemented based on valid, i.e. reliable, timely, verifiable and high-quality marketing information, which will enable valid decision-making in global business operations. The efficiency and effectiveness of decision-making is directly related to considering the comprehensive state of the chosen segment(s of the global market. Informational completion of the picture of a market requires devising and implementing a large number of activities set in a logical sequence. Practical experience has shown that decision-making in managing global business activities of affirmed companies is based on accumulated knowledge and is regarded as a specific form of creativity, unlike operationalization and supervision, which are mostly organizational and technical issues. Bearing this in mind, the informational basis in the operation of global companies should be viewed in accordance with its significance and function in global marketing management.

  16. The ethics of information

    CERN Document Server

    Floridi, Luciano

    2013-01-01

    Luciano Floridi develops an original ethical framework for dealing with the new challenges posed by Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs). ICTs have profoundly changed many aspects of life, including the nature of entertainment, work, communication, education, health care, industrial production and business, social relations, and conflicts. They have had a radical and widespread impact on our moral lives and on contemporary ethical debates. Privacy, ownership, freedom of speech, responsibility, technological determinism, the digital divide, and pornography online are only some of the pressing issues that characterise the ethical discourse in the information society. They are the subject of Information Ethics (IE), the new philosophical area of research that investigates the ethical impact of ICTs on human life and society. Since the seventies, IE has been a standard topic in many curricula. In recent years, there has been a flourishing of new university courses, international conferences, workshop...

  17. Classical Information Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suhov, Y.

    We begin with the definition of information gained by knowing that an event A has occurred: iota (A) = -log_2 {{P}}(A). (A dual point of view is also useful (although more evasive), where iota (A) is the amount of information needed to specify event A.) Here and below {{P}} stands for the underlying probability distribution. So the rarer an event A, the more information we gain if we know it has occurred. (More broadly, the rarer an event A, the more impact it will have. For example, the unlikely event that occurred in 1938 when fishermen caught a coelacanth - a prehistoric fish believed to be extinct - required a significant change to beliefs about evolution and biology. On the other hand, the likely event of catching a herring or a tuna would hardly imply any change in theories.)

  18. Interactive Information Retrieval:

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Borlund, Pia

    This presentation addresses methodological issues of interactive information retrieval (IIR) evaluation in terms of what it entails to study users' use and interaction with IR systems, as well as their satisfaction with retrieved information. In particular, the presentation focuses on test design......, and it takes a look into the toolbox of IIR test design with reference to data collection methods and test procedure. It calls for careful and well-planned studies to qualify the knowledgebase generated as a result of the conducted IIR studies. The presentation further reflects on the need for an updated...... IIR from the perspective of search dedication and task load in order to also include everyday life information seeking? With this presentation, the IIR community is invited to an exchange of ideas and is encouraged to engage in collaborations with the solving of these (and other) issues to our joint...

  19. Computer and information science

    CERN Document Server

    2016-01-01

    This edited book presents scientific results of the 15th IEEE/ACIS International Conference on Computer and Information Science (ICIS 2016) which was held on June 26– 29 in Okayama, Japan. The aim of this conference was to bring together researchers and scientists, businessmen and entrepreneurs, teachers, engineers, computer users, and students to discuss the numerous fields of computer science and to share their experiences and exchange new ideas and information in a meaningful way. Research results about all aspects (theory, applications and tools) of computer and information science, and to discuss the practical challenges encountered along the way and the solutions adopted to solve them. The conference organizers selected the best papers from those papers accepted for presentation at the conference. The papers were chosen based on review scores submitted by members of the program committee, and underwent further rigorous rounds of review. This publication captures 12 of the conference’s most promising...

  20. Information privacy fundamentals for librarians and information professionals

    CERN Document Server

    Givens, Cherie L

    2014-01-01

    This book introduces library and information professionals to information privacy, provides an overview of information privacy in the library and information science context, U.S. privacy laws by sector, information privacy policy, and key considerations when planning and creating a privacy program.

  1. Informing Science Special Issue on Information Science Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amanda Spink

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available The papers in this Special Issue of Informing Science highlight research areas in the interdisciplinary field of Information Science. Key research problems for Information Science include: (1 how to model and effectively support human information behaviors, including information seeking and use behaviors, and interaction with information retrieval (IR technologies, (2 how information should be organized intellectually in IR technologies for more effective human information retrieval, and (3 the organizational, social and policy implications for the information society of human information behaviors. Information Scientists are concerned with how people's information problems can be resolved. In this way, information science is an important part of the "informing sciences". Information Science has largely borrowed theories and approaches from other disciplines - but is now attracting attention from other disciplines as a generator of theory and models that delineate key areas of human information-related endeavors. As humans struggle to seek and use information within the plethora of information sources increasingly available via the Web, Information Science research is taking center stage. Each paper in this special issue is written by an expert in their area of Information Science research.

  2. COMMUNICATIONS AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dănuţ ŢIGĂNUŞ

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This essay assesses the communications and information systems (CIS in support of the civilian and military structures deployed in the European Union led crises management operations and missions. The article emphasizes the specific structure and function of CIS taking in consideration the particularities of EU led missions. The integration of the EU institutional networks and systems with the national systems provided by the EU member states is considered a key element. The analysis-part of this paper starts with the specific EU command and control system for crises management missions based on two autonomous solutions and one relying on NATO capabilities. Further, it continues with the challenges of the classifi ed information exchange at the operational theatre level. The most important contribution of this article is based on the long term vision implementation measures for the CIS structure, roles, functions and services provided and the information management infrastructure. CIS deployment mechanisms are described with references to the practical situation of the CIS deployed in support of crises management operations and missions. Two important defi nitions are provided regarding the CIS for crisis management and their roles in the specific EU operational environment. The system view of the operational CIS is depicted and analysed also, with a focus on the integration aspects of the infrastructure as the information transport layer for the information exchange flow. The last part of the article focuses on the CIS functions for the deployed systems which are detailed alongside with the C2 and Information Exchange Requirements in the EU operational environment. The variety of the theoretical approaches to determine the CIS infrastructure for EU-led civilian and military missions triggers the conclusion that the planning and implementation process is extremely complex especially in the context of the new security environment and requires

  3. Model for Electromagnetic Information Leakage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mao Jian

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Electromagnetic leakage will happen in working information equipments; it could lead to information leakage. In order to discover the nature of information in electromagnetic leakage, this paper combined electromagnetic theory with information theory as an innovative research method. It outlines a systematic model of electromagnetic information leakage, which theoretically describes the process of information leakage, intercept and reproduction based on electromagnetic radiation, and analyzes amount of leakage information with formulas.  

  4. Information component of hybrid war

    OpenAIRE

    Bohdanov, Aleksander

    2015-01-01

    A hybrid warfare in the three-dimensional coordinate system «Matter-Information-measure» is considering. In particular, the information component is highlighted and analyzed. The factors of preparation of information operations is defined, which are disclosed as an example of experience of volunteer group information warfare of Institute of special communication and information security of NTUU «KPI».Keywords: coordinate system «Matter-Information-Measure» hybrid warfare, information componen...

  5. Waves of information technology

    OpenAIRE

    Case, Donald O.

    2009-01-01

    This is a history of the various concepts and technologies of a public information utility. The first “wave” existed from about 1900 to 1945, and was centered on the idea of microfilm as an access mechanism to the world’s information. The advocates included Paul Otlet (1934) of Belgium, Englishman H.G. Wells’ vision of a “World Brain” (1938), and American Vanevar Bush and his “Memex” device (1945). The second wave consisted of the development of computers and their networks, which eventual...

  6. Information and Physics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vlatko Vedral

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available In this paper I discuss the question: what comes first, physics or information? The two have had a long-standing, symbiotic relationship for almost a hundred years out of which we have learnt a great deal. Information theory has enriched our interpretations of quantum physics, and, at the same time, offered us deep insights into general relativity through the study of black hole thermodynamics. Whatever the outcome of this debate, I argue that physicists will be able to benefit from continuing to explore connections between the two.

  7. Theories of information behavior

    CERN Document Server

    Erdelez, Sandra; McKechnie, Lynne

    2005-01-01

    This unique book presents authoritative overviews of more than 70 conceptual frameworks for understanding how people seek, manage, share, and use information in different contexts. A practical and readable reference to both well-established and newly proposed theories of information behavior, the book includes contributions from 85 scholars from 10 countries. Each theory description covers origins, propositions, methodological implications, usage, links to related conceptual frameworks, and listings of authoritative primary and secondary references. The introductory chapters explain key concepts, theory–method connections, and the process of theory development.

  8. Changing Information Retrieval Behaviours

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Constantiou, Ioanna D.; Lehrer, Christiane; Hess, Thomas

    2014-01-01

    The introduction of smartphones and the accompanying profusion of mobile data services have had a profound effect on individuals' lives. One of the most influential service categories is location-based services (LBS). Based on insights from behavioural decision-making, a conceptual framework is d...... on the continuance of LBS use and indicate changes in individuals' information retrieval behaviours in everyday life. In particular, the distinct value dimension of LBS in specific contexts of use changes individuals' behaviours towards accessing location-related information....

  9. Multimedia Information Extraction

    CERN Document Server

    Maybury, Mark T

    2012-01-01

    The advent of increasingly large consumer collections of audio (e.g., iTunes), imagery (e.g., Flickr), and video (e.g., YouTube) is driving a need not only for multimedia retrieval but also information extraction from and across media. Furthermore, industrial and government collections fuel requirements for stock media access, media preservation, broadcast news retrieval, identity management, and video surveillance.  While significant advances have been made in language processing for information extraction from unstructured multilingual text and extraction of objects from imagery and vid

  10. Industrialized Information Systems Development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Havn, Erling; Bansler, Jørgen P.

    1996-01-01

    The production of application software is rapidly being industrialized. Computer manufacturers and software houses produce a rapidly growing number of generic software applications and systems, and more and more user companies choose to build their computer-based information systems...... with such generic products, instead of custom made software. We discuss how the move away from traditional in-house development and the increasing use of generic software is likely to transform IS development in the near future. We conclude that these developments will make new demands on the information systems...

  11. Laboratory Information Systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henricks, Walter H

    2015-06-01

    Laboratory information systems (LISs) supply mission-critical capabilities for the vast array of information-processing needs of modern laboratories. LIS architectures include mainframe, client-server, and thin client configurations. The LIS database software manages a laboratory's data. LIS dictionaries are database tables that a laboratory uses to tailor an LIS to the unique needs of that laboratory. Anatomic pathology LIS (APLIS) functions play key roles throughout the pathology workflow, and laboratories rely on LIS management reports to monitor operations. This article describes the structure and functions of APLISs, with emphasis on their roles in laboratory operations and their relevance to pathologists.

  12. Information science team

    Science.gov (United States)

    Billingsley, F.

    1982-01-01

    Concerns are expressed about the data handling aspects of system design and about enabling technology for data handling and data analysis. The status, contributing factors, critical issues, and recommendations for investigations are listed for data handling, rectification and registration, and information extraction. Potential supports to individual P.I., research tasks, systematic data system design, and to system operation. The need for an airborne spectrometer class instrument for fundamental research in high spectral and spatial resolution is indicated. Geographic information system formatting and labelling techniques, very large scale integration, and methods for providing multitype data sets must also be developed.

  13. Quantifying synergistic mutual information

    CERN Document Server

    Griffith, Virgil

    2012-01-01

    Quantifying cooperation among random variables in predicting a single target random variable is an important problem in many biological systems with 10s to 1000s of co-dependent variables. We review the prior literature of information theoretical measures of synergy and introduce a novel synergy measure, entitled *synergistic mutual information* and compare it against the three existing measures of cooperation. We apply all four measures against a suite of binary circuits to demonstrate our measure alone quantifies the intuitive concept of synergy across all examples.

  14. Geografisk information gennem tiden

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Esben Munk

    2004-01-01

    At lave kort hænger sammen med et behov for at kommunikere geografisk information. Der har gennem historien altid været en tidstypisk sammenhæng mellem dette behov, den tilgængelige teknologi til formålet og så den pågældende datamodel. Helt tilbage fra den yngste kartografi og til fremtidens brug...... af stedbestemmelse med allestedsnærværende computerkraft - pervasive computing. En udvikling, der understreger, at geografisk information altid tjener samfundet eller et eksplicit behov. Udgivelsesdato: Februar...

  15. Information Security Standards

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dan Constantin Tofan

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The use of standards is unanimously accepted and gives the possibility of comparing a personal security system with a given frame of reference adopted at an international level. A good example is the ISO 9000 set of standards regarding the quality management system, which is a common reference regardless of the industry in which a certain company activates. Just like quality control standards for other industrial processes such as manufacturing and customer service, information security standards demonstrate in a methodical and certifiable manner that an organization conforms to industry best practices and procedures. This article offers a review of the world’s most used information security standards.

  16. Informal Unemployment and Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kolm, Anne-Sofie; Larsen, Birthe

    This paper develops a four sector equilibrium search and matching model with informal sector employment opportunities and educational choice. We show that underground activities reduce educational attainments if informal employment opportunities mainly are available to low educated workers. More...... zealous enforcement policy will in this case improve educational incentives as it reduces the attractiveness of remaining a low educated worker. Characterizing the optimal enforcement policies, we nd that relatively more audits should be targeted towards the sector employing low educated workers, elsewise...... a too low stock of educated workers is materialized....

  17. Informal Unemployment and Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kolm, Ann-Sofie; Larsen, Birthe

    2016-01-01

    This paper develops a four-sector equilibrium search and matching model with informal sector employment opportunities and educational choice. We show that underground activities reduce educational attainments if informal employment opportunities mainly are available for low-educated workers. A more...... zealous enforcement policy will in this case improve educational incentives as it reduces the attractiveness of remaining a low-educated worker. However, unemployment also increases. Characterizing the optimal enforcement policies, we find that relatively more audits should be targeted towards the sector...... employing low-educated workers; elsewise, a too low stock of educated workers is materialized....

  18. Information security fundamentals

    CERN Document Server

    Blackley, John A; Peltier, Justin

    2004-01-01

    Effective security rules and procedures do not exist for their own sake-they are put in place to protect critical assets, thereby supporting overall business objectives. Recognizing security as a business enabler is the first step in building a successful program.Information Security Fundamentals allows future security professionals to gain a solid understanding of the foundations of the field and the entire range of issues that practitioners must address. This book enables students to understand the key elements that comprise a successful information security program and eventually apply thes

  19. Infrastruktur for stedbestemt information

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brande-Lavridsen, Hanne; Daugbjerg, Poul

    2002-01-01

    Artiklen beskriver dels konceptet bag en infrastruktur for stedbestemt information (ISI), dels de danske tiltag på kort- og geodataområdet, som kan betragtes som en del af en ISI. Problemer i forbindelse med sidstnævnte diskuteres og løsningsforslag beskrives.......Artiklen beskriver dels konceptet bag en infrastruktur for stedbestemt information (ISI), dels de danske tiltag på kort- og geodataområdet, som kan betragtes som en del af en ISI. Problemer i forbindelse med sidstnævnte diskuteres og løsningsforslag beskrives....

  20. Topological forms of information

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baudot, Pierre [Max Planck Institute for Mathematics in the Sciences, Inselstrasse 22, 04103 Leipzig (Germany); Bennequin, Daniel [Universite Paris Diderot-Paris 7, UFR de Mathematiques, Equipe Geometrie et Dynamique, Batiment Sophie Germain, 5 rue Thomas Mann, 75205 Paris Cedex 13 (France)

    2015-01-13

    We propose that entropy is a universal co-homological class in a theory associated to a family of observable quantities and a family of probability distributions. Three cases are presented: 1) classical probabilities and random variables; 2) quantum probabilities and observable operators; 3) dynamic probabilities and observation trees. This gives rise to a new kind of topology for information processes. We discuss briefly its application to complex data, in particular to the structures of information flows in biological systems. This short note summarizes results obtained during the last years by the authors. The proofs are not included, but the definitions and theorems are stated with precision.