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Sample records for athymic nude mice

  1. Anomalies in the hormonal status of athymic nude mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Köpf-Maier, P; Mboneko, V F

    1990-01-01

    The serum levels of hormones that are known to influence growth, development, and differentiation of the skin and its appendages were analyzed in female haired (NMRI) and nude (NMRI, nu/nu) mice. Whereas the concentrations of testosterone, prolactin, and triiodothyronine did not differ in nude animals from those found in normal mice of the same age in the anestrous phase of the sexual cycle, the serum levels of estradiol, progesterone, and thyroxine were found in female nude mice at significantly lower levels than in normally haired animals. These results point to a hormonal situation that contributes to the poor fertility of homozygous (nu/nu) female mice and may promote impairment of growth and differentiation of skin and hair, resulting in the macroscopic nudity of athymic, nude mice. PMID:2370246

  2. Subcutaneous growth of human acoustic schwannomas in athymic nude mice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Charabi, S.; Rygaard, J.; Klinken, Leif; Tos, M.; Thomsen, J.

    Neuropathology, acoustic schwannomas, subcutaneous implantation, nude mouse, growth, pcna, ki-67......Neuropathology, acoustic schwannomas, subcutaneous implantation, nude mouse, growth, pcna, ki-67...

  3. A bone metastases model of anaplastic thyroid carcinoma in athymic nude mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC), an aggressive form of thyroid cancer, represents less than 2% of all thyroid cancers. The survival of patients with ATC remains low especially when accompanied with bone metastasis. This study aims to establish a reproducible animal model of bone metastasis of ATC which may be useful for further research on novel treatment strategy. Eight 6-8 week old female athymic nude mice were randomly selected. ATC cell line ARO cells were injected into the left ventricular cavity of each mouse respectively. Each mouse was imaged using a dedicated small-animal PET/CT scanner after successful injection of [18F]-FDG under deep anesthesia. Pathological examination was carried out to confirm the bone metastases of ATC. Histopathology established ATC bone metastases in five nude mice’s tibia. Similarly, PET image displayed significantly increased radioactivity (P<0.01) in the established bone metastasis compared with the control normal tibia. Both micro-PET/CT and histomorphometric measurement confirmed the bone metastases model of ATC in nude mice by left ventricular cavity injection of ARO cell line. The bone metastases model of ATC will thus facilitate the understanding of its pathogenesis and aid in the development of novel therapies.

  4. Membrane cell grafts, fresh and frozen to cover full thickness wounds in athymic nude mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1998-01-01

    objective: To find a new way to cover full-thickness wounds. Methods: Biobrane(r), an adherent, flexible temporary wound dressing was incubated with cultured human keratinocytes. The cells adhered quickly forming "membrane-celgrafts" (MCG). Some of the grafts were frozen and after thawing viability was verified with a XTT colorimetric assay.MCGs, fresh and cryopreserved, were transplanted on full thickness wounds created on athymic nude mice. Conventional cultured epidermal grafts (CEG) and wounds without cell grafts served as control. Results: MCGs resulted in a differentiated epithelium of human phenotype and immunohistochemistry, immunofluorescence and electronmicroscopy were performed.Compared with CEG-grafted sites a reduced wound contraction was noticed and complete remodelling of the basement membrane zone was found. Conclusion: The efficiency of the easy, uncomplicated production, cryopreservation and use as well as the short culture period could lead to a new approach in the treatment of burn and chronic wounds.

  5. Interferon gamma is involved in the recovery of athymic nude mice from recombinant vaccinia virus/interleukin 2 infection

    OpenAIRE

    1990-01-01

    Athymic nude mice recover from an infection with recombinant vaccinia virus (VV) encoding murine interleukin 2 (IL-2), but treatment with a mAb to IL-2 accentuated infection. Administration of a mAb against interferon gamma (IFN-gamma) to mice infected with the IL-2-encoding virus completely prevented the IL-2-induced mechanisms of recovery. Both asialo-GM1+ (NK) and asialo-GM1- (non-NK) cells were participants in the IFN-gamma-mediated recovery of nude mice from infection with the IL-2-encod...

  6. Dietary stearic acid leads to a reduction of visceral adipose tissue in athymic nude mice.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ming-Che Shen

    Full Text Available Stearic acid (C18:0 is a long chain dietary saturated fatty acid that has been shown to reduce metastatic tumor burden. Based on preliminary observations and the growing evidence that visceral fat is related to metastasis and decreased survival, we hypothesized that dietary stearic acid may reduce visceral fat. Athymic nude mice, which are used in models of human breast cancer metastasis, were fed a stearic acid, linoleic acid (safflower oil, or oleic acid (corn oil enriched diet or a low fat diet ad libitum. Total body weight did not differ significantly between dietary groups over the course of the experiment. However visceral fat was reduced by ∼70% in the stearic acid fed group compared to other diets. In contrast total body fat was only slightly reduced in the stearic acid diet fed mice when measured by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry and quantitative magnetic resonance. Lean body mass was increased in the stearic acid fed group compared to all other groups by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry. Dietary stearic acid significantly reduced serum glucose compared to all other diets and increased monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1 compared to the low fat control. The low fat control diet had increased serum leptin compared to all other diets. To investigate possible mechanisms whereby stearic acid reduced visceral fat we used 3T3L1 fibroblasts/preadipocytes. Stearic acid had no direct effects on the process of differentiation or on the viability of mature adipocytes. However, unlike oleic acid and linoleic acid, stearic acid caused increased apoptosis (programmed cell death and cytotoxicity in preadipocytes. The apoptosis was, at least in part, due to increased caspase-3 activity and was associated with decreased cellular inhibitor of apoptosis protein-2 (cIAP2 and increased Bax gene expression. In conclusion, dietary stearic acid leads to dramatically reduced visceral fat likely by causing the apoptosis of preadipocytes.

  7. Detection of Corynebacterium bovis infection in athymic nude mice from a research animal facility in Korea

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, Tae-Hyoun; Kim, Dong-Su; Han, Ju-Hee; Chang, Seo-Na; Kim, Kyung-Sul; Seok, Seung-Hyeok; Kim, Dong-Jae; Park, Jong-Hwan; Park, Jae-Hak

    2014-01-01

    Corynebacterium (C.) bovis infection in nude mice causes hyperkeratosis and weight loss and has been reported worldwide but not in Korea. In 2011, nude mice from an animal facility in Korea were found to have white flakes on their dorsal skin. Histopathological testing revealed that the mice had hyperkeratosis and Gram-positive bacteria were found in the skin. We identified isolated bacteria from the skin lesions as C. bovis using PCR and 16S rRNA sequencing. To the best of our knowledge, thi...

  8. Improvement of epidermal differentiation and barrier function in reconstructed human skin after grafting onto athymic nude mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Higounenc, I; Démarchez, M; Régnier, M; Schmidt, R; Ponec, M; Shroot, B

    1994-01-01

    To determine whether epidermis reconstructed in vitro at the air-liquid interface on de-epidermized dermis has the capacity to normalize the expression of differentiation-specific markers, its lipid composition and stratum corneum barrier properties, human skin equivalents were transplanted onto athymic nude mice and investigated at different stages ranging from 1 to 4 months after grafting. Indirect immunofluorescence with species- or non-species-specific antibodies revealed that as early as 1 month after transplantation keratinization, and involucrin, loricrin and transglutaminase patterns were normalized. Human melanocytes were observed in the basal layer of the pigmented graft. As revealed by high-performance thin-layer chromatography and transmission electron microscopy after ruthenium tetroxide fixation, the lipid profile and the intracellular lamellar organization were similar to those found in natural epidermis. Transepidermal water loss measurements and penetration studies showed that the barrier properties of the reconstructed epidermis after transplantation were comparable to those of normal human skin. PMID:8154923

  9. Dermal penetration and systemic distribution of sup 14 C-labeled vitamin E human skin grafted athymic nude mice

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Klain, G.J.

    1989-03-13

    In vivo percutaneous penetration and tissue distribution of 14C-labeled vitamin E applied to human skin grafted onto athymic nude mice were determined. At 1 hr, mouse skin contained the highest level of radioactivity, followed by the muscle, blood, liver, lung, adipose tissue, spleen, kidney, brain, heart, and eyes. A linear increase with time in tissue radioactivity was observed throughout the 24 hr experimental period. At 4 and 24 hrs skin grafts were highly radioactive. At 4 hrs the epidermis and the upper portion of the dermis contained more radioactivity than the remaining portion of the dermis. In contrast, at 24 hrs the highest level of radioactivity was detected in the lower dermis. No radioactivity was detected in expired air while 0.2% of the dose was found in the urine. The data show that vitamin E does penetrate skin and that the dermis acts as a barrier or reservoir for this highly lipophilic compound.

  10. Localization of pulmonary human sarcoma xenografts in athymic nude mice with indium-111-labeled monoclonal antibodies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to study localization of metastatic tumors with a radiolabeled monoclonal antibody, a pulmonary metastases model was devised in athymic mice. Metastatic pulmonary sarcoma colonies were verified by histological examination. A murine monoclonal antibody (MAb 19-24) directed against a human sarcoma antigen was labeled with indium-111 (111In) by use of the linker 1-(p-isothiocyanatobenzyl)-diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (SCN-Bz-DTPA). MAb P3 was similarly labeled as a negative control. In the group given MAb 19-24, the percent injected dose per gram lung tissue bearing tumor colonies (30.1%, 29.6%, and 27.7% on Days 1, 2, and 3, respectively) was significantly (p less than 0.05) higher than in those receiving MAb P3. Hepatic activities of both 111In-MAb 19-24 and 111In-MAb P3 were low. The lungs with tumor colonies demonstrated clearest images on Day 3. The specific binding of 111In-SCN-Bz-DTPA-labeled MAb 19-24 to pulmonary xenografts without appreciable liver uptake indicates that it may be useful in the clinical localization of pulmonic metastatic lesions

  11. Qualitative and semi quantitative analysis in the healing area of athymic nude mice skin engrafted with human skin sterilized with gamma radiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In recent decades there has been a great interest in the radio-sterilized grafts for human skin grafts. This tissue is taken from a cadaver or multi-organ donor and samples are processed and stored in glycerol at concentrations above 85%. Although this procedure is carried out under aseptic conditions, after the final packaging one can sterilize the tissues with ionizing radiation in order to increase the safety level of sterility. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the behavior of the healing repair process that occurs between the graft and the skin of athymic NUDE mice. The samples of human skin treated with glycerol were divided into three groups: the control group 1 (non-irradiated), irradiated group 2 at 25 kGy and irradiated group 3, at 50 kGy. These tissues were grafted onto athymic NUDE mice which were sacrificed after 3, 7 and 21 days. After the sacrifice, part of the back fur of the animals containing human skin graft was removed with hematoxylin and eosin (H/E). The histological sections were analyzed for the integrity of tissue, presence and location of keratinocytes, fibroblasts, defense cells and blood vessels. Thus it was examined whether over time the graft was incorporated into the body or if there was a process of healing by secondary intention. (author)

  12. Qualitative and semi quantitative analysis in the healing area of athymic nude mice skin engrafted with human skin sterilized with gamma radiation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miranda, Jurandir Tomaz de; Bringel, Fabiana; Alves, Nelson Mendes; Antebi, Uri; Funari, Ana Paula; Mathor, Monica B., E-mail: tomaz_ju@hotmail.com [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2015-07-01

    In recent decades there has been a great interest in the radio-sterilized grafts for human skin grafts. This tissue is taken from a cadaver or multi-organ donor and samples are processed and stored in glycerol at concentrations above 85%. Although this procedure is carried out under aseptic conditions, after the final packaging one can sterilize the tissues with ionizing radiation in order to increase the safety level of sterility. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the behavior of the healing repair process that occurs between the graft and the skin of athymic NUDE mice. The samples of human skin treated with glycerol were divided into three groups: the control group 1 (non-irradiated), irradiated group 2 at 25 kGy and irradiated group 3, at 50 kGy. These tissues were grafted onto athymic NUDE mice which were sacrificed after 3, 7 and 21 days. After the sacrifice, part of the back fur of the animals containing human skin graft was removed with hematoxylin and eosin (H/E). The histological sections were analyzed for the integrity of tissue, presence and location of keratinocytes, fibroblasts, defense cells and blood vessels. Thus it was examined whether over time the graft was incorporated into the body or if there was a process of healing by secondary intention. (author)

  13. Uptake of a nido-carboranylporphyrin by human glioma xenografts in athymic nude mice and by syngeneic ovarian carcinomas in immunocompetent mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A tetraphenylporphyrin bearing four dicarbollide ([B9C2H11]-) cages linked to the o-phenyl ring positions by anilide bonds, known as boronated tetraphenylporphyrin (BTPP), has been synthesized in excellent yield from tetra-(o-aminophenyl)porphyrin and carborane carbonyl chloride followed by base-assisted cage opening and ion exchange to give the highly water-soluble potassium salt. Preliminary studies showed that BTPP accumulates in liver and in a syngeneic ovarian carcinoma, but not in normal brain parenchyma, of mice infused with BTPP subcutaneously for 6 or 7 days via surgically implanted osmotic minipumps. In this study, the uptake of boron was measured in human gliomas xenografted subcutaneously to athymic nude mice in which BTPP was infused intraperitoneally or subcutaneously or both for 3 or 7 days by using similar minipumps. Immunocompetent mice bearing a syngeneic ovarian carcinoma were similarly infused to provide comparative data. Bulk concentrations of boron up to 18 μg/g of glioma and up to 45 μg/g of carcinoma were observed when up to 102 μg/g of tissue was present in the liver after 7 days of BTPP infusion. Glioma boron concentrations were increased by ∼80% on the average correspondingly greater amounts of BTPP were infused in only 3 days. Cell counts and chemical tests on blood samples from individual mice indicate that BTPP causes moderate hepatotoxicity and thromboxytopenia. This hepatohematic toxicity syndrome should be taken into account if BTPP or a similar agent is used for boron neutron-capture therapy (BNCT) of human malignancies

  14. Dissemination in athymic nude mice of lacZ transfected small cell lung cancer cells identified by X-gal staining

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rømer, M U; Christiansen, J; Brünner, N;

    1995-01-01

    with the chromogenic substrate X-gal. lacZ expressing cells were investigated after subcutaneous (s.c.) inoculation and intravenous (i.v.) injection. The X-gal detection of beta-D-galactosidase activity proved to be a rapid and easy means for specific and highly sensitive identification of metastases. All primary s.......c. tumors stained by X-gal. The primary tumors of GLC-2 regularly demonstrated local invasive growth and produced multiple metastases in several organs. In contrast, primary DMS 456 tumors only occasionally demonstrated local invasion and very rarely generated secondary foci. No experimental metastases were......The small cell lung cancer cell lines GLC-2 and DMS 456 were genetically labeled with the lacZ gene and examined for invasive and metastatic potential in META/Bom nude mice. The lacZ gene encodes the enzyme beta-D- galactosidase, and cells expressing this enzyme were identified by staining...

  15. Altered thyrotropic and somatotropic responses to environmental challenges in congenitally athymic mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goya, R G; Sosa, Y E; Cónsole, G M; Dardenne, M

    1995-06-01

    Neonatal thymectomy or congenital absence of the thymus induces morphologic alterations in pituitary somatotrophs as well as in thyroid epithelium. It was therefore of interest to assess somatotropic and thyrotropic cell morphology and the corresponding serum hormone levels in athymic nude mice under basal and stressful conditions, taking as a reference their haired counterparts. Normal (+/+), heterozygous nude (nul+) and homozygous (nu/nu) CD-1 mice were subjected to either 1-h immobilization stress or 2-h cold stress. Serum levels of growth hormone (GH), thyrotropin (TSH), thyroxine (T4), and triiodothyronine (T3) were assessed by RIA at 0, 30, and 60 min poststress. Athymic animals showed lower basal levels of serum TSH, GH, and T3, but not T4, than their heterozygous littermates. Immunohistochemical assessment of somatotropic and thyrotropic cell populations revealed a normal morphology in the athymic animals. Immobilization stress induced a marked reduction in GH and TSH levels in normal mice but had only a weak effect in athymic animals. Two hours of cold exposure caused a comparable increase in serum TSH in normal and athymic animals, whereas the serum T4 and T3 response to cold was greater in the athymic nudes. Cold exposure drastically reduced serum GH levels in normal animals but had only a weak effect in the athymic mice. We conclude that congenital athymia in the mouse is associated with decreased basal levels of serum TSH and GH in the presence of a normal somatotroph and thyrotroph morphology. The anomalous responses of athymic mice to stress do not appear to be due to primary hypopituitarism but rather, to an altered modulation of pituitary hormone secretion. PMID:7549038

  16. Endocrine therapy of human breast cancer grown in nude mice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brünner, N; Osborne, C K; Spang-Thomsen, M

    1987-01-01

    Although there have been extensive studies of rodent breast tumor models, and of human breast cancer cell lines in culture, there is still need for a human tumor model which can be manipulated experimentally but also provides a valid expression of the tumor cells in a host environment. Athymic nude...... mice bearing transplanted human breast tumors have been proposed as such a model. This review therefore discusses the use of the athymic nude mouse model of the study of human breast cancer biology, and focuses on four subjects: 1. biological characteristics of heterotransplanted breast tumors; 2....... endocrinology and pharmacology of hormonal agents in the nude mouse; 3. endocrine sensitivity of heterotransplanted tumors; and 4. applicability and limitations of this model for the study of human breast cancer....

  17. Virus-Induced Demyelination in Nude Mice Is Mediated by γδ T Cells

    OpenAIRE

    Dandekar, Ajai A.; Perlman, Stanley

    2002-01-01

    Infection of mice with mouse hepatitis virus (MHV), strain JHM, results in acute and chronic demyelination with many similarities to the human disease multiple sclerosis. This pathological process is primarily T cell-mediated and MHV infection of mice lacking B and T cells does not result in demyelination. In apparent contradiction to these results, robust demyelination is detected in MHV-infected young nude (athymic) mice. Herein, we show that demyelination in nude mice was mediated by γδ T ...

  18. Experimental sialodacryoadenitis virus infection in athymic CD-1 mice.

    OpenAIRE

    Percy, D H; Bond, S.J.; MacInnes, J I; Descôteaux, J. P.

    1988-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to investigate the susceptibility of nude mice to sialodacryoadenitis virus. Young adult male CD-1 nude mice were inoculated intranasally with virus, killed at 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 and 20 days postinoculation and examined for virus-induced lesions in tissues including respiratory tract. Inoculated and control mice were examined by virus isolation and serology. In a companion study, male Wistar rats were inoculated intranasally with the same inoculum, and examined by his...

  19. The transplantation barrier of nude mice

    OpenAIRE

    Moll, Heidrun; Bösing-Schneider, Rita

    2010-01-01

    Syngeneic memory cells can be stimulated to yield a secondary immune response after their transfer into irradiated euthymie recipients as well as into young thymusless nude mice. It is shown that nude mice older than twelve weeks of age are not permissive towards memory cell activation as it is found in non-irradiated euthymie animals. This barrier to isogeneie or congeneic cells seems to be caused by a pool of cyclophosphamide-sensitive cells. Since young nude mice could be rendered as unper...

  20. Nutritional and supranutritional levels of selenate differentially suppress prostate tumor growth in adult but not young nude mice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Selenium (Se) is known to regulate carcinogenesis and immunity at nutritional and 26 supranutritional levels. Because the immune system provides critical defenses against 27 cancer and the athymic, immune-deficient NU/J nude mice are known to gradually develop 28 CD8+ and CD4+ T cells extrathymicall...

  1. Identification of the mononuclear cell infiltrate in the superior cervical ganglion of athymic nude and euthymic rats after guanethidine-induced sympathectomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thygesen, P; Hougen, H P; Christensen, H B;

    1990-01-01

    Guanethidine sulphate 40 mg/kg intraperitoneally for 14 days induced chromatolysis and nerve cell death in the superior cervical ganglia of athymic nude (rnu/rnu) LEW/Mol rats and their euthymic (+/rnu) LEW/Mol heterozygous littermates. Histologically the sympathetic ganglia were dominated by an...

  2. Experimental Porphyromonas gingivalis infection in nonimmune athymic BALB/c mice.

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, P B; Davern, L B; Aguirre, A.

    1991-01-01

    The purpose of this report was to study the role of T lymphocytes following injection of Porphyromonas gingivalis in a mouse abscess model. Three invasive P. gingivalis isolates (ATCC 53977, W83, and AJW4) were injected into athymic BALB/c mice and their heterozygous (nu/+) littermates. The athymic BALB/c (nu/nu) mice were able to localize the invasive P. gingivalis isolates at the injection site. By comparison, the heterozygous BALB/c (nu/+) littermates developed hemorrhagic secondary lesion...

  3. Self-recognition specificity expressed by T cells from nude mice. Absence of detectable Ia-restricted T cells in nude mice that do exhibit self-K/D-restricted T cell responses

    OpenAIRE

    1984-01-01

    The presence in athymic nude mice of precursor T cells with self- recognition specificity for either H-2 K/D or H-2 I region determinants was investigated. Chimeras were constructed of lethally irradiated parental mice receiving a mixture of F1 nude mouse (6-8 wk old) spleen and bone marrow cells. The donor inoculum was deliberately not subjected to any T cell depletion procedure, so that any potential major histocompatibility complex-committed precursor T cells were allowed to differentiate ...

  4. Inhibition of subcutaneously implanted human pituitary tumor cells in nude mice by LRIG1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, X; He, X J; Xu, H Q; Chen, Z W; Fan, H H

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study was to explore the inhibition of subcutaneously implanted human pituitary tumor cells in nude mice by LRIG1 and its mechanism. For this study, athymic nude mice were injected with either normal pituitary tumor RC-4B/C cells or LRIG1-transfected RC-4B/C cells. We then calculated the volume inhibition rate of the tumors, as well as the apoptosis index of tumor cells and the expression of Ras, Raf, AKt, and ERK mRNA in tumor cells. Tumor cell morphological and structural changes were also observed under electron microscope. Our data showed that subcutaneous tumor growth was slowed or even halted in LRIG1-transfected tumors. The tumor volumes were significantly different between the two groups of mice (χ2 = 2.14, P tumor apoptosis index was found to be 8.72% in the control group and 39.7% in LRIG1-transfected mice (χ2 = 7.59, P tumor cells appeared to be in early or late apoptosis under an electron microscope, while only a few subcutaneous tumor cells appeared to be undergoing apoptosis in the control group. In conclusion, the LRIG1 gene is able to inhibit proliferation and promote apoptosis in subcutaneously implanted human pituitary tumors in nude mice. The mechanism of LRIG1 may involve the inhibition of the PI3K/ Akt and Ras/Raf/ERK signal transduction pathways. PMID:27173312

  5. Development and characterization of multidrug resistant human hepatocarcinoma cell line in nude mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Bao-Jin Zhai; Ze-Yong Shao; Chun-Liang Zhao; Kai Hu; Feng Wu

    2006-01-01

    AIM: To establish a multidrug resistant (MDR) cell subline from the human hepatocarcinoma cell line (HepG2)in nude mice.METHODS: HepG2 cell cultures were incubated with increasing concentrations of adriamycin (ADM) to develop an ADM-resistant cell subline (HepG2/ADM) with crossresistance to other chemotherapeutic agents. Twenty male athymic BALB/c-nu/nu mice were randomized into HepG2/nude and HepG2/ADM/nude groups (10 in each group). A cell suspension (either HepG2 or HepG2/ADM)was injected subcutaneously into mice in each group.Tumor growth was recorded, and animals were sacrificed 4-5 wk after cell implantation. Tumors were prepared for histology, and viable tumor was dispersed into a single-cell suspension. The IC50 values for a number of chemotherapeutic agents were determined by 2, 3-bis(2-methoxy-4-nitro-5-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium-5-carboxanilide inner salt (MTT) assay. Rhodamine-123retention/efflux and the level of resistance-associated proteins were determined by flow cytometry. The mRNA expression of mdr1, mrp and Irp genes was detected using reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in HepG2/nude and HepG2/ADM/nude groups.RESULTS: The appearances of HepG2/nude cells were slightly different from those of HepG2/ADM/nude cells.Similar tumor growth curves were determined in both groups. A cross-resistance to ADM, vincristine, cisplatin and 5-fiuorouracil was seen in HepG2/ADM/nude group.The levels of P-glycoprotein and multidrug resistanceassociated proteins were significantly increased. The mRNA expression levels of mdr1, mrp and Irp were higher in HepG2/ADM/nude cells.CONCLUSION: ADM-resistant HepG2 subline in nude mice has a cross resistance to chemotherapeutic drugs.Tt may be used as an in vivo model to investigate the mechanisms of MDR, and explore the targeted approaches to overcoming MDR.

  6. Impairment of natural killer functions by interleukin 6 increases lymphoblastoid cell tumorigenicity in athymic mice.

    OpenAIRE

    Tanner, J.; Tosato, G.

    1991-01-01

    Expression of the human IL-6 gene in EBV-immortalized normal human B lymphocytes following retroviral-mediated transduction rendered these cells highly tumorigenic in athymic mice. The tumors were lymphomas composed of the originally inoculated human lymphoblastoid cells. Co-injection of IL-6 expressing EBV-immortalized cells with IL-6 nonexpressing control cells resulted in increased tumorigenicity of the IL-6 nonexpressing cells. The lymphoblastoid cells expressing IL-6 were indistinguishab...

  7. HeLa cell tumor response to 60Co, Cs-137, Cf-252 radiations and cisplatin chemotherapy in nude mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    HeLa cells were implanted into athymic nude mice from tissue culture and solid tumors established (HeLa cell tumor or HCT). Large cell numbers of 1 X 107 were required to obtain consistent and progressive growth, and tumor growth followed a Gompertzian mode. Irradiation studies were carried out using acute Cobalt-60 (60Co), low-dose-rate (LDR) Cs-137 and LDR Cf-252. Cf-252, a neutron-emitting radioisotope, produced an immediate tumor shrinkage and regression response after a dose of 279 cGy. Acute 60Co or LDR Cs-137 irradiation with 1000 cGy had little effect on the HCT. After a dose of 2000 cGy of 60Co radiation tumor shrinkage followed a latent period of approximately 5 days. Cisplatin had no effect on the HCT in nude mice in stationary or late exponential growth

  8. Intravesical Instillation in Pure Line LEW Rats and Nude Mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHOU Jie; XIE Shusheng; GUO Xiaoyun; MO Zengnan

    2007-01-01

    In order to study bladder intravesical instillation methods in pure line LEW rats and nude mice, female LEW rats and nude mice aged 2 to 4 weeks were sacrificed. Their urethra and bladder were observed under anatomical microscopy. A trochar was prepared according to the outline and angle of the urethra. Ink was poured into female rats and nude mice bladder though urethra. Filling and staining of bladder were observed and evaluated under anatomical microscopy. Status and urethral injury of rats and mice were observed. The results showed that urethra anatomic structure of rats and nude mice was different from that of human urethra. When bladder was filled with ink and became blue, liquid was not seen to leak out. The success rate of intubation was high (100%). Living activities of animals weren't influenced by intravesical instillation. It was concluded that bladder irrigation might be a kind of valid and utilizable method in pure line rat and nude mouse empirical study. The model may be a more effective tool for study of bladder tumor.

  9. Targeted radiotherapy with 177 Lu-DOTA-TATE in athymic mice with induced pancreatic malignant tumours

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Malignant pancreas tumours induced in athymic mice are a good model for peptide receptor targeted radiotherapy. The objective of this research was to estimate pancreatic tumour absorbed radiation doses after administration of 177Lu-DOTA-TATE in mice as a therapeutic radiopharmaceutical that could be used in humans. AR42J murine pancreas cancer cells expressing somatostatin receptors, were implanted in athymic mice (n=18) to obtain the 177Lu-DOTA-TATE biokinetics and dosimetry. To estimate its therapeutic efficacy 87 MBq were injected in a tail vein of 3 mice and 19 days p.i. there were a partial relapse. There was an epithelial and sarcoma mixed tumour in the kidneys of mouse III. The absorbed dose to tumour, kidney and pancreas was 50.5 ± 7.2 Gy, 17.5 ± 2.5 Gy and 12.6 ± 2.3 Gy respectively. These studies justify further therapeutic and dosimetry estimations to ensure that 177Lu-DOTA-TATE will act as expected in man considering its kidney radiotoxicity. (Author)

  10. Self-recognition specificity expressed by T cells from nude mice. Absence of detectable Ia-restricted T cells in nude mice that do exhibit self-K/D-restricted T cell responses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The presence in athymic nude mice of precursor T cells with self-recognition specificity for either H-2 K/D or H-2 I region determinants was investigated. Chimeras were constructed of lethally irradiated parental mice receiving a mixture of F1 nude mouse (6-8 wk old) spleen and bone marrow cells. The donor inoculum was deliberately not subjected to any T cell depletion procedure, so that any potential major histocompatibility complex-committed precursor T cells were allowed to differentiate and expand in the normal parental recipients. 3 mo after reconstitution, the chimeras were immunized with several protein antigens in complete Freund's adjuvant in the footpads and their purified draining lymph node T cells tested 10 d later for ability to recognize antigen on antigen-presenting cells of either parental haplotype. Also, their spleen and lymph node cells were tested for ability to generate a cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) response to trinitrophenyl (TNP)-modified stimulator cells of either parental haplotype. It was demonstrated that T cell proliferative responses of these F1(nude)----parent chimeras were restricted solely to recognizing parental host I region determinants as self and expressed the Ir gene phenotype of the host. In contrast, CTL responses could be generated (in the presence of interleukin 2) to TNP-modified stimulator cells of either parental haplotype. Thus these results indicate that nude mice which do have CTL with self-specificity for K/D region determinants lack proliferating T cells with self-specificity for I region determinants. These results provide evidence for the concepts that development of the I region-restricted T cell repertoire is strictly an intrathymically determined event and that young nude mice lack the unique thymic elements responsible for education of I region-restricted T cells

  11. Radionecrosis skin model induced an athymic mouse nude (Nu/Nu) for development of dermal-epidermal human substitute based regenerative therapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The neoplasms incidence has increased significantly in recent years and continued population growth and aging will increase the statistics of this illness in the world's diseases. The cancer treatment usually consists in individual or combined use of chemotherapy, surgery and radiotherapy depending on the etiology of the tumor. In cases where radiotherapy is used in addition to the therapeutic effects of radiation, specific complications can occur, and in the skin, these complications can be present with a clinical expression ranging from erythema to radionecrosis, and this latter being the adverse effect with greater severity. The radionecrosis treatment consists in debridement necrotic areas and covering the surgical wounds. Autologous grafts are most commonly used for this covering, however when large areas are affected, allografts can be used for occlusive treatment and the keratinocytes and adipose derived stem cells (ADSC) addition becomes an alternative, due to the knowing for immunomodulatory and regenerative response. For that reason, aiming to simulate the radionecrosis adverse effects, an animal model of induced cutaneous radionecrosis was created, in athymic mouse Nude (Nu/Nu), for developing regenerative therapies based on human dermal-epidermal substitutes containing keratinocytes and ADSC, which proved occlusive as an efficient treatment, furthermore, having this radionecrosis animal model established, new possibilities for treatment of diseases involving dermal regeneration, can be tested. (author)

  12. Targeted radiotherapy with 177 Lu-DOTA-TATE in athymic mice with induced pancreatic malignant tumours

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Malignant pancreas tumours induced in athymic mice are a good model for targeted radiotherapy. The objective of this research was to estimate pancreatic tumour absorbed radiation doses and to evaluate 177Lu-DOTA-TATE as a therapeutic radiopharmaceutical that could be used in humans. AR42J murine pancreas cancer cells, which over-express somatostatin receptors, were injected in athymic mice and 20 days later the mean tumour size was 3.08 square cm (n=3). A mean of 86.3 MBq 177Lu-DOTA-TATE, was injected in a tail vein and 19 days after therapy the size of the tumours was 0.81 square cm. There was a partial relapse and after 16 days, when sacrificed, the mean tumour size was 8.28 cubic cm. An epithelial and sarcoma mixed tumour in the kidney of one treated mouse was found. The tumour of the control mouse was 8.61 cubic cm when sacrificed 14 days after tumour induction. Radiotherapy estimates to the tumours was 35.9-39.7 Gy and the tumours might have been completely reduced with a second therapy dose. These preliminary studies justify further therapeutic and dosimetry estimations to ensure that Lu-177-DOTA-TATE will act as expected in man, considering kidney radiation. (Author)

  13. Radiolabeled porphyrin versus gallium-67 citrate for the detection of human melanoma in athymic mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We performed the biodistribution and imaging studies of 111In and 67Ga labeled tetra(4-N-methylpyridyl) porphine, (T4NMPYP), and compared it to that of 67Ga citrate in athymic mice bearing a human melanoma xenograft. The biodistribution results of both 111In and 67Ga labeled T4NMPYP (3, 6, 24, and 48 hours) were similar but differed from that of 67Ga citrate (48 hours). The optimum tumor uptake of both radiolabeled porphyrins was at 6 hours postinjection and was lower than the tumor uptake of 67Ga citrate at 48 hours postinjection. Kidney was the only organ showing higher uptake of radiolabeled porphyrin compared to that of 67Ga citrate. The imaging studies performed with 111In T4NMPYP and 67Ga citrate correspond to the biodistribution results. Osteomyelitis present in one mouse showed good localization of 111In T4NMPYP. 15 refs., 3 figs., 5 tabs

  14. An UVB-carcinogenesis model with KSN nude mice

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ishigaki, Yasuhito; Nikaido, Osamu [Kanazawa Univ. (Japan). Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences; Suzuki, Fumio; Hayakawa, Jun-ichiro; Hiai, Hiroshi

    1998-03-01

    We established and characterized a systematic ultraviolet light-induced carcinogenesis model using KSN nude mice. We prepared five groups of KSN mice and exposed them six times a week to five levels of daily ultraviolet B (UVB) doses; 1340, 670, 320, 160 and 0 J/m{sup 2}/day. In 670, 320 and 160 J/m{sup 2}/day, the latency period tended to become shorter in proportion to the daily doses and prevalence data fitted well to log-normal distribution. In the log-log plot of days till 50% prevalence versus daily dose, we saw a linear relationship for 1 mm tumor diameter. From this analysis, we determined that days necessary to reach 50% prevalence is in proportion to the -0.49 power of daily dose. The average number of tumors per survivor correlated with prevalence data. Direct measured rates of tumor growth were independent of daily UVB-dose. Therefore we speculated that UV-irradiation did not affect tumor growth after its appearance. Most UVB-induced tumors were squamous cell carcinoma, the rest were spindle cell carcinoma, papilloma and mixed type. We concluded that our experimental data with nude mice was in accordance with data with hairless mice in nature. (author)

  15. Human Islet Oxygen Consumption Rate and DNA Measurements Predict Diabetes Reversal in Nude Mice

    OpenAIRE

    Papas, K.K.; Colton, C. K.; Nelson, R A; Rozak, P.R.; Avgoustiniatos, E.S.; Scott, W E; Wildey, G.M.; Pisania, A.; Weir, G C; Hering, B.J.

    2007-01-01

    There is a need for simple, quantitative and prospective assays for islet quality assessment that are predictive of islet transplantation outcome. The current state-of-the-art athymic nude mouse bioassay is costly, technically challenging and retrospective. In this study, we report on the ability of 2 parameters characterizing human islet quality: (1) oxygen consumption rate (OCR), a measure of viable volume; and (2) OCR/DNA, a measure of fractional viability, to predict diabetes reversal in ...

  16. A comparison of UVB-carcinogenesis between nude mice and nude beige mice

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ishigaki, Yasuhito; Yasuda, Kazuhiro; Hashimoto, Noriyoshi; Hayakawa, Jun-ichiro; Nikaido, Osamu [Kanazawa Univ. (Japan). Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences; Hiai, Hiroshi

    1998-06-01

    To gain an insight into the relationship between UVB-carcinogenesis and natural killer activity, we examined ultraviolet light-induced carcinogenesis in mice with high natural killer activity (KSN) and mice with natural killer deficiency (KSN-bg). We exposed mice six times a week to three levels of daily ultraviolet B (UVB) doses; 320, 160 and 0 J/m{sup 2}/day. During the latency period of skin tumor development in KSN mice, we detected no suppression of the natural killer activity at both 320 and 160 J/m{sup 2}/day. Even at 1340 J/m{sup 2}/day, we could not detect any significant suppression of NK activity in KSN mice. When we irradiated spleen cells in vitro, we observed NK activity suppression. Next, we compared the carcinogenic effects of UVB-irradiation on KSN and KSN-bg mice. At 320 J/m{sup 2}/day, we detected no significant differences between them. In contrast, at 160 J/m{sup 2}/day, KSN-bg mice showed a significantly higher rate of skin tumor induction than KSN mice (p<0.05). Most UVB-induced tumors were squamous cell carcinoma, the rest were spindle cell carcinoma, papilloma and mixed type. Our results suggest that NK activity plays a protective role against UVB-carcinogenesis from low daily-doses of UVB-irradiation. (author)

  17. Activity of Artemether and Mefloquine against Juvenile and Adult Schistosoma mansoni in Athymic and Immunocompetent NMRI Mice

    OpenAIRE

    Keiser, Jennifer; Vargas, Mireille; Doenhoff, Michael J.

    2010-01-01

    Immune effector mechanisms can enhance the activity of antischistosomal drugs. We examined the in vivo effect of single oral doses of the antimalarials artemether (400 mg/kg) and mefloquine (200 mg/kg), recently described to have promising antischistosomal properties, against juvenile and adult Schistosoma mansoni in T cell-deficient and in comparably infected age- and sex-matched immunologically intact control mice. Artemether and mefloquine are equally effective in athymic and immunocompete...

  18. Radiolabeled porphyrin versus gallium-67 citrate for the detection of human melanoma in athymic mice

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maric, N.; Chan, S. Ming; Hoffer, P.B.; Duray, P.

    1987-01-01

    We performed the biodistribution and imaging studies of /sup 111/In and /sup 67/Ga labeled tetra(4-N-methylpyridyl) porphine, (T4NMPYP), and compared it to that of /sup 67/Ga citrate in athymic mice bearing a human melanoma xenograft. The biodistribution results of both /sup 111/In and /sup 67/Ga labeled T4NMPYP (3, 6, 24, and 48 hours) were similar but differed from that of /sup 67/Ga citrate (48 hours). The optimum tumor uptake of both radiolabeled porphyrins was at 6 hours postinjection and was lower than the tumor uptake of /sup 67/Ga citrate at 48 hours postinjection. Kidney was the only organ showing higher uptake of radiolabeled porphyrin compared to that of /sup 67/Ga citrate. The imaging studies performed with /sup 111/In T4NMPYP and /sup 67/Ga citrate correspond to the biodistribution results. Osteomyelitis present in one mouse showed good localization of /sup 111/In T4NMPYP. 15 refs., 3 figs., 5 tabs.

  19. Different metastasis patterns of a human melanoma cell line in nude mice and rats: Influence of microenvironment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The metastatic capacity of intravenously injected human FEMX-I melanoma cells in athymic nude mice and rats was compared. Young rats given 1 x 10(6) ascites tumor cells all died of lung tumors with a life span of 50 ± 10 days (mean± SD). In contrast, in accordance with previous findings, only extrapulmonary metastases developed in mice. This host-dependent difference in metastasis pattern permitted studies on the role of factors that may influence the organ specificity of metastases. The tissue distribution of 125I-labeled FEMX-I cells did not differ in the two nude species during the first 12 hours after cell injection. The plating efficiency of FEMX-I cells in soft agar was increased by the addition of conditioned medium prepared from rat lungs, resulting also in a significant increase in colony size. In contrast, conditioned medium prepared from mouse lungs reduced the clonogenic capacity of the FEMX-I cells in a dose-dependent manner. Conditioned media prepared from rat and mouse liver, kidney, and spleen tissues either inhibited or had no effect on colony formation. The results suggest that the unexpected differential metastatic patterns observed in vivo may reflect differences in the presence of growth-modulating paracrine factors in the host lungs

  20. Radioimmunotherapy for pancreatic carcinoma using 131I-labeled monoclonal antibody Nd2 in xenografted nude mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We investigated the biodistribution, radiolocalization, and radioimmunotherapeutic potential of 131I-labeled Nd2 in athymic nude mice bearing human pancreatic carcinoma xenografts. 131I-Nd2 was accumulated at high levels in the tumor, in contrast to blood, liver, spleen, and other normal organs. The tumor was clearly delineated in scintigraphs. The volumes of tumors of mice injected with 7.4 MBq of 131I-Nd2 were 80% less than those of tumors before injection of radiolabeled Nd2. Fibrous or vacuolar degeneration was seen in histological sections of tumors of 7-week-treated mice. The growth of tumors in mice treated with misonidazole, a hypoxic cell radiosensitizer, and then injected twice with 3.7 MBq of 131I-Nd2 was suppressed over 7 weeks. Neither leucocytopenia nor thrombocytopenia was severe after injection of radiolabeled Nd2. Thus 131I-labeled Nd2 may have clinical application in the radioimmunotherapy of pancreatic cancer. (author)

  1. Targeted radiotherapy with {sup 177} Lu-DOTA-TATE in athymic mice with induced pancreatic malignant tumours

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rodriguez C, J.; Murphy, C.A. de; Pedraza L, M. [Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Medicas y Nutricion Salvador Zubiran, Vasco de Quiroga No. 15, 14000 Mexico D.F. (Mexico); Ferro F, G. [ININ, 52045 Ocoyoacac, Estado de Mexico (Mexico); Murphy S, E. [Hospital Santelena, 06000 Mexico D.F. (Mexico)

    2006-07-01

    Malignant pancreas tumours induced in athymic mice are a good model for peptide receptor targeted radiotherapy. The objective of this research was to estimate pancreatic tumour absorbed radiation doses after administration of {sup 177}Lu-DOTA-TATE in mice as a therapeutic radiopharmaceutical that could be used in humans. AR42J murine pancreas cancer cells expressing somatostatin receptors, were implanted in athymic mice (n=18) to obtain the {sup 177}Lu-DOTA-TATE biokinetics and dosimetry. To estimate its therapeutic efficacy 87 MBq were injected in a tail vein of 3 mice and 19 days p.i. there were a partial relapse. There was an epithelial and sarcoma mixed tumour in the kidneys of mouse III. The absorbed dose to tumour, kidney and pancreas was 50.5 {+-} 7.2 Gy, 17.5 {+-} 2.5 Gy and 12.6 {+-} 2.3 Gy respectively. These studies justify further therapeutic and dosimetry estimations to ensure that {sup 177}Lu-DOTA-TATE will act as expected in man considering its kidney radiotoxicity. (Author)

  2. Biokinetics and dosimetry with 177Lu-DOTA-TATE in athymic mice with induced pancreatic malignant tumours

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodríguez-Cortés, J.; de Murphy, C. Arteaga; Ferro-Flores, Ge; Pedraza-López, M.; Murphy-Stack, E.

    Malignant pancreatic tumours induced in athymic mice are a good model for peptide receptor targeted radiotherapy. The objective of this research was to determine biokinetic parameters in mice, in order to estimate the induced pancreatic tumour absorbed doses and to evaluate an `in house' 177Lu-DOTA-TATE radiopharmaceutical as part of preclinical studies for targeted therapy in humans. AR42J murine pancreas cancer cells expressing somatostatin receptors, were implanted in athymic mice (nD22) to obtain biokinetic and dosimetric data of 177Lu-DOTA-TATE. The mean tumour uptake 2 h post injection was 14.76±1.9% I.A./g; kidney and pancreas uptake, at the same time, were 7.27±1.1% I.A./g (1.71±0.90%/organ) and 4.20±0.98% I.A./g (0.42±0.03%/organ), respectively. The mean absorbed dose to tumour, kidney and pancreas was 0.58±0.02 Gy/MBq; 0.23±0.01 Gy/MBq and 0.14±0.01 Gy/MBq, respectively. These studies justify further dosimetric estimations to ensure that 177Lu-DOTA-TATE will act as expected in humans.

  3. Effect of thumus cell injections on germinal center formation in lymphoid tissues of nude (thymusless) mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nude mice, partially backcrossed to Balb/c or DBA/2, were injected iv with 5 x 107 thymus cells from the respective inbred strain. The response of these mice to immunization with Brucella abortus antigen was studied, with respect to both antibody production and the formation of germinal centers in their lymphoid tissues. The results were compared to those obtained with nude mice to which no thymus cells were given, as well as to Balb/c, DBA/2, or +/question litter mate controls. Nude mice formed less 19S as well as 7S antibody than did litter mate controls and completely lacked germinal centers in lymph nodes and gut-associated lymphoid tissue. Those nude mice which had been injected with thymus cells made a much better secondary response, both for 19S and for 7S antibody, and had active germinal centers in their lymph nodes as early as 3 wk after thymus cell injection. Intestinal lymphoid tissue in nude mice showed only slight reconstitution of germinal center activity several months after thymus cell injection and none at earlier times. Irradiated (3000 R) thymus cells appeared as effective as normal cells in facilitating germinal center appearance and 7S antibody production in the nude mice

  4. The resistance-reversal effect of artesunate on human esophageal cancer transplanted in nude mice

    OpenAIRE

    Liu, Liang; Zuo, Lian-Fu; Jin-ya LI; Guo, Jian-Wen; Wang, Jing

    2011-01-01

    Objective To explore the relationship between ABCG2 and multidrug resistance of esophageal cancer and the mechanism of resistance-reversal effect by artesunate(Art).Methods To establish the bearing cancer nude mice model by inoculating with Eca109/ABCG2 cells subcutaneously on the left subscapularis and study the resistance-reversal effect of artesunate on esophageal cancer using nude mice model.Injection drugs after subcutaneous tumor formation.Intraperitoneal injection with artesunate and a...

  5. Targeted radiotherapy with {sup 177} Lu-DOTA-TATE in athymic mice with induced pancreatic malignant tumours

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Murphy, M. A de; Pedraza L, M. [Department of Nuclear Medicine, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Medicas y Nutricion Salvador Zubiran, Mexico D.F. (Mexico); Rodriguez C, J. [Faculty of Medicine, UAEM, Toluca, Estado de Mexico (Mexico); Ferro F, G. [ININ, 52045 Estado de Mexico (Mexico); Murphy S, E. [Hospital Santelena, Mexico D.F. (Mexico)

    2006-07-01

    Malignant pancreas tumours induced in athymic mice are a good model for targeted radiotherapy. The objective of this research was to estimate pancreatic tumour absorbed radiation doses and to evaluate {sup 177}Lu-DOTA-TATE as a therapeutic radiopharmaceutical that could be used in humans. AR42J murine pancreas cancer cells, which over-express somatostatin receptors, were injected in athymic mice and 20 days later the mean tumour size was 3.08 square cm (n=3). A mean of 86.3 MBq {sup 177}Lu-DOTA-TATE, was injected in a tail vein and 19 days after therapy the size of the tumours was 0.81 square cm. There was a partial relapse and after 16 days, when sacrificed, the mean tumour size was 8.28 cubic cm. An epithelial and sarcoma mixed tumour in the kidney of one treated mouse was found. The tumour of the control mouse was 8.61 cubic cm when sacrificed 14 days after tumour induction. Radiotherapy estimates to the tumours was 35.9-39.7 Gy and the tumours might have been completely reduced with a second therapy dose. These preliminary studies justify further therapeutic and dosimetry estimations to ensure that Lu-{sup 177}-DOTA-TATE will act as expected in man, considering kidney radiation. (Author)

  6. Methylseleninic acid restricts tumor growth in nude mice model of metastatic breast cancer probably via inhibiting angiopoietin-2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2) plays critical roles in vascular morphogenesis and its upregulation is frequently associated with various tumors. Previous studies showed that certain selenium compounds possess anti-tumor effects. However, the underlining mechanism has not been elucidated in detail. Plus, results of research on the anti-tumor effects of selenium compounds remain controversial. We investigated levels of Ang-2 and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) on the estrogen-independent bone metastatic mammary cancer (MDA-MB-231) cells in response to treatment by methylseleninic acid (MSeA), and further examined the effects of MSeA oral administration on xenograft mammary tumors of athymic nude mice by RT-PCR, Western, radioimmuno assay, and Immunohistochemistry. Treatment of MDA-MB-231 cells with MSeA caused significant reduction of Ang-2 mRNA transcripts and secretion of Ang-2 proteins by the cells. Level of VEGF protein was accordingly decreased following the treatment. Compared with the controls, oral administration of MSeA (3 mg/kg/day for 18 days) to the nude mice carrying MDA-MB-231 induced tumors resulted in significant reduction in xenograft tumor volume and weights, significant decrease in microvascular density, and promotion of vascular normalization by increasing pericytes coverage. As expected, level of VEGF was also decreased in MSeA treated tumors. Our results point out that MSeA exerts its anti-tumor effects, at least in part, by inhibiting the Ang-2/Tie2 pathway, probably via inhibiting VEGF

  7. Experimental infection of Balb/c nude mice with Hepatitis E virus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhu Jianguo

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Several animal species can reportedly act as reservoirs for Hepatitis E virus (HEV, a zoonotic pathogen. HEV and antibody to the virus have been detected in a variety of animals including rodents. Pig and rat models for HEV have been established for HEV, but a nude mouse has not yet been developed. Methods Balb/c nude mice were inoculated with swine HEV, both orally and via intravenous injection to insure infection. Negative control and experimental contact-exposed groups of mice were also included in the study. The liver, spleen, kidney, jejunum, ileum, cecum and colon of each mouse from all three groups were collected for reverse transcription nested polymerase chain reaction (RT-nPCR detection, indirect immunofluorescence observation and histopathologic examination. The sera from nude mice were tested for anti-HEV IgG by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA. Activities of liver enzymes, including alanine aminotransferase (ALT, aspartate aminotransferase (AST and alkaline phosphatase (ALP, as well as total bilirubin (TBIL were also measured in the sera of the nude mice. Results HEV antigens and HEV RNA were detected in liver, spleen, kidney, jejunum, ileum and colon both by indirect immunofluorescence and by RT-nPCR in all of the inoculated and in one of the contact-exposed nude mice. Histopathological changes were observed in the liver and spleen of these mice. Infected mice showed increased levels of AST, ALP, and anti-HEV IgG in sera. The livers of contact-exposed mice showed obvious histopathological damage. Conclusion Nude mice could be readily infected by HEV isolated from pigs. The nude mouse may therefore be a useful animal model for studying the pathogenesis of HEV.

  8. Human Cancer Xenografts in Outbred Nude Mice Can Be Confounded by Polymorphisms in a Modifier of Tumorigenesis

    OpenAIRE

    Zeineldin, Maged; Jensen, Derek; Paranjape, Smita R.; Parelkar, Nikhil K.; Jokar, Iman; Vielhauer, George A.; Neufeld, Kristi L.

    2014-01-01

    Tumorigenicity studies often employ outbred nude mice, in the absence of direct evidence that this mixed genetic background will negatively affect experimental outcome. Here we show that outbred nude mice carry two different alleles of Pla2g2a, a genetic modifier of intestinal tumorigenesis in mice. Here, we identify previous unreported linked polymorphisms in the promoter, noncoding and coding sequences of Pla2g2a and show that outbred nude mice from different commercial providers are hetero...

  9. Fractionated irradiation combined with carbogen breathing and nicotinamide of two human glioblastomas grafted in nude mice

    OpenAIRE

    SUN, Lin-Quan; Buchegger, Franz; COUCKE, Philippe; MIRIMANOFF

    2001-01-01

    This study addressed the potential radiosensitizing effect of nicotinamide and/or carbogen on human glioblastoma xenografts in nude mice. U-87MG and LN-Z308 tumors were irradiated with either 20 fractions over 12 days or 5 fractions over 5 days in air-breathing mice, mice injected with nicotinamide, mice breathing carbogen, or mice receiving nicotinamide plus carbogen. The responses to treatment were assessed using local control and moist desquamation. In U-87MG tumors, the enhancement ratios...

  10. Refinement to radiotherapy by tumour-adapted procedures. Experimental investigations into human tumours using the athymic nude mouse and the colony forming test

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Any radiooncologic stratey designed to take account of biological and tumour-related factors through standardization and individual adjustments requires adequate knowledge about the reactions of different neoplasms to different splitdose regimens and, basically, about a tumour's responsiveness to various method of treatment. The nude mouse is a suitable model to study fractionation systems and combined treatments, while the colony forming test elucidates the sensitivity of one particular tumour to a selection of therapeutic procedures. (UHE)

  11. Human interferons inhibit experimental metastases of a human melanoma cell line in nude mice.

    OpenAIRE

    Ramani, P; Balkwill, F.R.

    1988-01-01

    Therapy with human lymphoblastoid interferon HuIFN-alpha(N1), or recombinant human interferon gamma, rHuIFN-gamma, inhibited experimental pulmonary metastases of the human melanoma cell line, DX3-azac, in BALB/c nude mice and significantly prolonged survival. The human IFNs had no effect on nude mouse lung and spleen NK cell activity, lung macrophage activity, haemoglobin or white cell counts. HuIFN-alpha(N1) had no effect on the levels of the IFN induced enzyme 2-5A synthetase in nude mouse ...

  12. Anti-tumorigenic and Pro-apoptotic effects of CKBM on gastric cancer growth in nude mice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available Natural botanical products can be integrated with western medicine to optimize the treatment outcome, increase immune function and minimize the side effects from western drug treatment. CKBM is a combination of herbs and yeasts formulated based on traditional Chinese medicinal principles. Previous study has demonstrated that CKBM is capable of improving immune responsiveness through the induction of cytokine mediators, such as TNF-α and IL-6. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effect of this immunomodulatory drug on gastric cancer growth using a human xenograft model. Gastric cancer tissues were implanted subcutaneously into athymic nude mice followed by a 14-day or 28-day of CKBM treatment. Results showed that higher doses of CKBM (0.4 or 0.8 ml/mouse/day produced a dose-dependent inhibitory effect on gastric tumor growth after 28-day drug treatment. This was associated with a decrease of cellular proliferation by 30% with concomitant increase in apoptosis by 97% in gastric tumor cells when compared with the control group. In contrast, CKBM showed no effect on angiogenesis in gastric tumors. This study demonstrates the anti-tumorigenic action of CKBM on gastric cancer probably via inhibition of cell proliferation and induction of apoptosis, and provides future potential targets of this drug candidate on cancer therapy.

  13. Seropositivity in Dutch Crohn's disease patients against primed nude mouse lymph nodes, and the difference with lymphocytotoxic antibodies.

    OpenAIRE

    Pena, A.S.; Kuiper, I.; Walvoort, H.C.; Verspaget, H.W.; Weterman, I T; Ruitenberg, E. J.; Das, K. M.

    1986-01-01

    Sera from patients with Crohn's disease have been reported to show positive immunofluorescence with lymph nodes of nude mice primed with a filtrate of intestinal tissue affected with Crohn's disease. An indirect immunofluorescence assay was used to test sera of 63 unrelated patients with Crohn's disease, 21 with ulcerative colitis and 36 control subjects against lymph nodes of athymic nude (nu/nu) mice which had been injected with Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis intestinal tissue filtr...

  14. Establishment and characterization of human uveal malignant melanoma xenografts in nude mice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heegaard, S; Spang-Thomsen, M; Prause, J U

    2003-01-01

    model. Tumour tissue blocks (2 x 2 x 2 mm) from enucleated eyes with choroidal malignant melanoma were transplanted subcutaneously into the flanks of nude mice. The growing tumours were measured and serially transplanted. The tumour samples were investigated by histology, immunohistochemistry and......The purpose of this study was to develop a suitable animal model for the investigation of the pathogenesis and therapy of uveal malignant melanoma. Eight choroidal malignant melanomas from eight patients were transplanted into nude mice in an attempt to establish a serially transplantable tumour...... electron microscopy. Only one of the eight transplanted primary tumours (13%) was established as a xenograft in nude mice. Furthermore, the take rate of the transplantable tumour was low (13%). The growth of the tumour fitted a Gompertz function, and the calculated tumour volume doubling time was 54 days...

  15. Spontaneous pulmonary metastasis of human cancer cells in X-irradiated and nonirradiated nude mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The effect of whole body X-irradiation on the spontaneous pulmonary metastasis of human cancer cells transplanted into adult nude mice was investigated. Human cancer cells were inoculated into footpads of adult nude mice following 3 Gy whole body X-irradiation. The incidence of pulmonary metastasis was increased in the irradiated mice. Cytotoxicity of splenocytes, particularly adherent cells, was lower in the irradiated mice than in the nonirradiated mice. Histological examinations revealed decreased mononuclear cell infiltration around the primary tumor and pulmonary metastatic foci in the irradiated mice. The suppressive effect of cytotoxicity of the splenocytes by whole body X-irradiation may thus relate to ensuing metastasis both in the phase of release and intravasation from the primary tumor and in the phase of lodgement and proliferation in the target organ. (author)

  16. Cytolytic T lymphocyte precursor cells in congenitally athymic C57BL/6 nu/nu mice: Quantitation, enrichment, and specificity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A sensitive limiting dilution microculture system was used to obtain minimal estimates of the frequency of CTL precursor cells (CTL-P) in spleens from 5- to 14-mo-old C57BL/6 nu/nu mice. Frequency determinations of CTL-P directed against H-2delta alloantigens ranged from 1/159,000 to 1/12,400. The relatively low frequency of CTL-P was enriched nearly 10-fold (to 1/2300) by passage of nude spleen cells over a column of nylon wool. After priming nude spleen cells for 7 days in conventional MLC, 1 to 3% of the MLC cells could be operationally identified as CTL-P. Furthermore, the progeny of MLC-primed nude CTL-P were specifically cytolytic for target cells of the strain used for priming. Such a system may be useful for analyzing the specificity repertoires of cells of the T cell lineage that have not undergone thymic influence

  17. LY293111 Improves Efficacy of Gemcitabine Therapy on Pancreatic Cancer in a Fluorescent Orthotopic Model in Athymic Mice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rene Hennig

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Pancreatic cancer has an abysmal prognosis because of late diagnosis and lack of effective therapeutics. New drugs are desperately needed. The present study determined the effect of the LTB4 receptor antagonist, LY293111, on tumor growth and metastases in a fluorescent orthotopic model of pancreatic cancer. Pancreatic cancer cells (S2-013 with stable expression of enhanced green fluorescent protein were implanted into the duodenal pancreatic lobe of athymic mice. Animals were allocated to four groups (eight mice per group: control (no treatment; LY293111; gemcitabine; and LY293111 + gemcitabine. Monitoring of the surgical procedure and follow-up examinations at 2, 3, and 4 weeks after implantation to monitor tumor growth and metastases were performed using a fluorescence microscope and the reversible skin-flap technique. A staging and scoring system was developed to evaluate tumor progression, based on the TNM classification. Control animals developed end-stage disease with invasive cancer, metastases, and cachexia. Tumor growth and incidence of metastases were significantly reduced in all treated mice. However, combined treatment with LY293111 and gemcitabine was most effective. LY293111 is a novel therapeutic agent for pancreatic cancer, which improves the efficacy of gemcitabine. It is well tolerated and can be administered orally and, therefore, provides a new hope for patients suffering from pancreatic adenocarcinoma.

  18. Serum steroid levels in intact and endocrine ablated BALB/c nude mice and their intact littermates

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brünner, N; Svenstrup, B; Spang-Thomsen, M; Bennett, P; Nielsen, A; Nielsen, J

    1986-01-01

    An investigation was made of the serum steroid levels found in intact and endocrine ablated nude mice of both sexes and in their intact homozygous littermates. The results showed that nude mice have a normal steroidogenesis, but with decreased levels of circulating steroids compared to those of t...

  19. Comparative Hair Restorer Efficacy of Medicinal Herb on Nude (Foxn1nu Mice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shahnaz Begum

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Eclipta alba (L. Hassk, Asiasarum sieboldii (Miq. F. Maek (Asiasari radix, and Panax ginseng C. A. Mey (red ginseng are traditionally acclaimed for therapeutic properties of various human ailments. Synergistic effect of each standardized plant extract was investigated for hair growth potential on nude mice, as these mutant mice genetically lack hair due to abnormal keratinization. Dried plant samples were ground and extracted by methanol. Topical application was performed on the back of nude mice daily up to completion of two hair growth generations. The hair density and length of Eclipta alba treated mice were increased significantly P>0.001 than control mice. Hair growth area was also distinctly visible in Eclipta alba treated mice. On the other hand, Asiasari radix and Panax ginseng treated mice developing hair loss were recognized from the abortive boundaries of hair coverage. Histomorphometric observation of nude mice skin samples revealed an increase in number of hair follicles (HFs. The presence of follicular keratinocytes was confirmed by BrdU labeling, S-phase cells in HFs. Therefore, Eclipta alba extract and/or phytochemicals strongly displayed incomparability of hair growth promotion activity than others. Thus, the standardized Eclipta alba extract can be used as an effective, alternative, and complementary treatment against hair loss.

  20. Pluripotent Embryonic Stem Cells Developed into Medulloepithelioma in Nude Mice Eyes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yongping Li; Xiufeng Zhong; Jianhua Yan; Jianxian Lin; Song Tang; Xuan Wu; Shulong Li; Guanguang Feng; Yuzhen Yi

    2002-01-01

    Purpose: The pluripotent embryonic stem cells can differentiate into various kinds offormal tissues. There is no previous report on the differentiation of embryonic stem cellin the intraocular environment. In this paper, the authors tried to investigate theintraocular growth character of mice embryonic stem cells in nude mice.Methods: Murine embryonic stem cells were cultured and maintained in anundifferentiated state in vitro. They were transplanted into the right eyes of 20 nude miceby microinjection under operating microscope. Animal eye observation, light microscopeand immunohistochemical examinations were implemented.Results: Two to three days after transplantation, small pieces of gray-white materialcould be viewed in the vitreous cavity. Between the 15th and 20th day, the gray-whitemass grew into the anterior chamber in 4 nude mice eyes. Then, the mass at the anteriorchamber extended extraocularly. On the 30th day, a remarkable proptosis was observedin two of the four nude mice. In 6 to 45 days, the mice were executed for morphologicalexamination which showed the following typical structures: (1) Undifferentiated cellswith prominent nucleolius. (2) Flexner-Wintersteiner-like rosettes. (3) Medulloepithe-lioma-like structure: the cells were arranged in sheets, cords, tubes, and cysts. (4) Large,spindle-or astrocyte-like cells. (5) Cartilage-like structure. Immunohistochemically, mostof the cells were highly positive in NSE staining and a few cells were moderately positivein GFAP staining.Conclusions: Both animal eye findings and morphologic examinations certificated thatthe transplanted embryonic stem cells could grow in the eyes of nude mice anddifferentiate into intraocular medulloepithelioma.

  1. Small lymphocytes in peripheral lymphoid tissues of nude mice. Life-span and distribution

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hougen, H P; Röpke, C

    1975-01-01

    far the most numerous in the lymph nodes seemed to be more sessile than para-cortical lymphocytes. The life-span of these latter cells are comparable to those of thoracic duct lymphocytes, and the scarcity of cells in the paracortex reflects the small number of recirculating lymphocytes in nude mice....

  2. TRIP-Br2 promotes oncogenesis in nude mice and is frequently overexpressed in multiple human tumors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peh Bee

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Members of the TRIP-Br/SERTAD family of mammalian transcriptional coregulators have recently been implicated in E2F-mediated cell cycle progression and tumorigenesis. We, herein, focus on the detailed functional characterization of the least understood member of the TRIP-Br/SERTAD protein family, TRIP-Br2 (SERTAD2. Methods Oncogenic potential of TRIP-Br2 was demonstrated by (1 inoculation of NIH3T3 fibroblasts, which were engineered to stably overexpress ectopic TRIP-Br2, into athymic nude mice for tumor induction and (2 comprehensive immunohistochemical high-throughput screening of TRIP-Br2 protein expression in multiple human tumor cell lines and human tumor tissue microarrays (TMAs. Clinicopathologic analysis was conducted to assess the potential of TRIP-Br2 as a novel prognostic marker of human cancer. RNA interference of TRIP-Br2 expression in HCT-116 colorectal carcinoma cells was performed to determine the potential of TRIP-Br2 as a novel chemotherapeutic drug target. Results Overexpression of TRIP-Br2 is sufficient to transform murine fibroblasts and promotes tumorigenesis in nude mice. The transformed phenotype is characterized by deregulation of the E2F/DP-transcriptional pathway through upregulation of the key E2F-responsive genes CYCLIN E, CYCLIN A2, CDC6 and DHFR. TRIP-Br2 is frequently overexpressed in both cancer cell lines and multiple human tumors. Clinicopathologic correlation indicates that overexpression of TRIP-Br2 in hepatocellular carcinoma is associated with a worse clinical outcome by Kaplan-Meier survival analysis. Small interfering RNA-mediated (siRNA knockdown of TRIP-Br2 was sufficient to inhibit cell-autonomous growth of HCT-116 cells in vitro. Conclusion This study identifies TRIP-Br2 as a bona-fide protooncogene and supports the potential for TRIP-Br2 as a novel prognostic marker and a chemotherapeutic drug target in human cancer.

  3. The PDZ protein TIP-1 facilitates cell migration and pulmonary metastasis of human invasive breast cancer cells in athymic mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: ► This study has revealed novel oncogenic functions of TIP-1 in human invasive breast cancer. ► Elevated TIP-1 expression levels in human breast cancers correlate to the disease prognosis. ► TIP-1 knockdown suppressed the cell migration and pulmonary metastasis of human breast cancer cells. ► TIP-1 knockdown suppressed the expression and functionality of motility-related genes. -- Abstract: Tax-interacting protein 1 (TIP-1, also known as Tax1bp3) inhibited proliferation of colon cancer cells through antagonizing the transcriptional activity of beta-catenin. However, in this study, elevated TIP-1 expression levels were detected in human invasive breast cancers. Studies with two human invasive breast cancer cell lines indicated that RNAi-mediated TIP-1 knockdown suppressed the cell adhesion, proliferation, migration and invasion in vitro, and inhibited tumor growth in mammary fat pads and pulmonary metastasis in athymic mice. Biochemical studies showed that TIP-1 knockdown had moderate and differential effects on the beta-catenin-regulated gene expression, but remarkably down regulated the genes for cell adhesion and motility in breast cancer cells. The decreased expression of integrins and paxillin was accompanied with reduced cell adhesion and focal adhesion formation on fibronectin-coated surface. In conclusion, this study revealed a novel oncogenic function of TIP-1 suggesting that TIP-1 holds potential as a prognostic biomarker and a therapeutic target in the treatment of human invasive breast cancers.

  4. Dynamic contrast enhanced-magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) of photodynamic therapy (PDT) outcome and associated changes in the blood-brain barrier following Pc 4-PDT of glioma in an athymic nude rat model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belle, Vaijayantee; Anka, Ali; Cross, Nathan; Thompson, Paul; Mott, Eric; Sharma, Rahul; Gray, Kayla; Zhang, Ruozhen; Xu, Yueshuo; Sun, Jiayang; Flask, Chris A.; Oleinick, Nancy L.; Dean, David

    2012-02-01

    Introduction: Dynamic Contrast-Enhanced-Magnetic Resonance Imaging (DCE-MRI) appears to provide an unambiguous means of tracking the outcome of photodynamic therapy (PDT) of brain tumors with the photosensitizer Pc 4. The increase in Gd enhancement observed after Pc 4-PDT may be due to a temporary opening of the blood-brain-barrier which, as noted by others, may offer a therapeutic window. Methods: We injected 2.5 x 105 U87 cells into the brains of 9 athymic nude rats. After 8-9 days peri-tumor DCE-MRI images were acquired on a 7.0 T microMRI scanner before and after the administration of 150 μL Gd. DCE-MRI scans were repeated three times following Pc 4-PDT. Results: The average, normalized peak enhancement in the tumor region, approximately 30-90 seconds after Gd administration, was 1.31 times greater than baseline (0.03 Standard Error [SE]) prior to PDT and was 1.44 (0.02 SE) times baseline in the first Post-PDT scans (Day 11), a statistically significant (p ~ 0.014, N=8) increase over the Pre- PDT scans, and was 1.38 (0.02 SE) times baseline in the second scans (Day 12), also a statistically significant (p ~ 0.008, N=7) increase. Observations were mixed in the third Post-PDT scans (Day 13), averaging 1.29 (0.03 SE) times baseline (p ~ 0.66, N=7). Overall a downward trend in enhancement was observed from the first to the third Post-PDT scans. Discussion: DCE-MRI may provide an unambiguous indication of brain tumor PDT outcome. The initial increase in DCE-MRI signal may correlate with a temporary, PDT-induced opening of the blood-brain-barrier, creating a potential therapeutic window.

  5. Expression of phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome ten in liver of athymic mice with hepatocellular carcinoma and the effect of Fuzheng Jiedu Decoction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li-Rong Yin; Ze-Xiong Chen; Shi-Jun Zhang; Bao-Guo Sun; Yong-Dong Liu; Hong-Zhong Huang

    2008-01-01

    AIM:To explore the expression of phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome ten (PTEN) in liver of athymic mice with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and the effect of Fuzheng Jiedu Decoction (FJD). METHODS: Forty eight male BALB/c athymic mice models were built by Bel-7402 with an indirect method. After 24 h of postoperation, the 48 athymic mice were distributed randomly into 4 groups: A, B, C, D, each group had 12 athymic mice. Group A were were treated by intragastric administration with FT207 (Tegafur) for 4 wk. Group B, C and D were treated by intragastric administration with FJD (complex prescription of Chinese crude drug) that had been delegated into 3 kinds of density as the low, middle, and high for 4 wk. At last,athymic mice were put to death, live time, volume of tumors, exponent of tumors and the tumor metastasis in livers were observed; and PTEN was detected in hepatic tissue, latero-cancer tissue and cancer tissue by immunohistochemistry.RESULTS: Four weeks later, the total survival rate in treatment group (A + B + C) was 50% and higher than the control group (0%) treated by FT207, (P 0.05). Tumor metastasis in livers of the treatment group was less than the controls (Fisher's Exact Test, P = 0.021). Thee result of immunohistochemistry showed that the intensity of PTEN in latero-cancer tissue was the highest, and then the hepatic tissue, the lowest was cancer tissue (Kruskal- Wallis test, .67, P = 0.000). It also showed that the intensity of PTEN in treatment groups (A, B, C) was higher than the control group (D) (F = 5.90,P = 0.002 in hepatic tissue and F = 15.99, P = 0.000 in latero-cancer tissue and .08, P = 0.000 in cancer tissue), and group B is the highest in the treatment groups (P 0.05).CONCLUSION: FJD can prolong the survival time and decrease tumor metastasis in livers of these experimental mice. Mechanisms of FJD healing HCC may partially be explained by enhancing the expression of PTEN in liver.

  6. Differentiation of Embryonic Stem Cells into Neurons and Retina—like Structure in Nude Mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LiYP; GeJ

    1999-01-01

    Purpose:To investigate the intraocular growth and biological characteristics of mice embryonic stem cells in nude mice.Methods:Murine embryonic stem cells(D3 cell line)were cultured and maintained in an undifferentiated state in vitro,then transplanted into the anterior chamber of nude mice.Mophological and immunohistochemical examinations were implemented.Results:Two to three days after transplantation,yellow-white floating granules,sheets and masses were seen inside the anterior chamber and vitreous cavity,and enlarged gradually,14-20days later,the mice were executed.Morphological examination showed that there were undifferentiated cells and some round or polygonal differentiated cells in anterior chamber and vitreous cavity.The morphology of these differentiated cells were similar to that of the retina.The cells were highly positive in NSE staining.Conclusion:The tranplanted embryonic stem cells cold grow in the eyes of nude mice with tendency to differentiate into neurons and retina-like structure.

  7. Metastatic human hepatocellular carcinoma models in nude mice and cell line with metastatic potential

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhao-You Tang; Lun-Xiu Qin; Hui-Chuan Sun; Lu Wang; Jian Zhou; Yah Li; Zeng-Chen Ma; Xin-Da Zhou; Zhi-Quan Wu; Zhi-Ying Lin; Bing-Hui Yang; Fan-Xian Sun; Jian Tian; Sheng-Long Ye; Yin-Kun Liu; Kang-Da Liu; Qiong Xue; Jie Chen; Jing-Lin Xia

    2001-01-01

    Metastatic human HCC model is needed for the studies on mechanism and intervention of metastatic recurrence. By using orthotopic implantation of histologically intact tissues of 30 surgical specimens, a patient like metastatic model of human HCC in nude mice (LCI-D20)and a Iow metastatic model of human HCC in nude mice LCI-D35 ) have been established. All mice with transplanted LCI-D20 tumors exhibited extremely high metastatic ability including spontaneous metastasis to liver, lungs, lymph nodes and peritoneal seeding.Remarkable difference was also found in expression of some of the invasiveness related genes and growth factors between the LCI-D20 and LCI-D35 tumors. PAI-Iincreased gradually following tumor progression in LCID20 model, and correlated with tumor size and AFP level,Phasic expression of tissue intercellular adhesion molecule-I in this model was also observed. Using corneal micropocket model, it was demonstrated that the vascular response induced by LCI-D20 tumor was stronger than that induced by LCI-D35 tumor. Similar report on metastatic human HCC model in nude mice and human HCC cell line with metastatic potential was rarely found in the literature. This LCI-D20 model has been widely used for the studies on intervention of metastasis, including antiangiogenesis, antisense approach, metalloproteinase inhibitor, differentiation inducer, etc. It is concluded that the establishment of metastatic human HCC model in nude mice and human HCC cell line with metastatic potential will provide important models for the in vivo and in vitro study of HCC invasiveness, angiogenesis as well as intervention of HCC recurrence.``

  8. Interleukin 1-induced augmentation of experimental metastases from a human melanoma in nude mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study has examined the effect of the cytokine interleukin 1 (IL-1) on metastasis formation by the human melanoma A375M in nude mice. We have found that human recombinant IL-1 beta (a single injection greater than 0.01 micrograms per mouse i.v. given before tumor cells) induced an augmentation of experimental lung metastases from the A375M tumor cells in nude mice. This effect was rapidly induced and reversible within 24 h after IL-1 injection. A similar effect was induced by human recombinant IL-1 alpha and human recombinant tumor necrosis factor, but not by human recombinant interleukin 6. 5-[125I]odo-2'-deoxyuridine-radiolabeled A375M tumor cells injected i.v. remained at a higher level in the lungs of nude mice receiving IL-1 than in control mice. In addition, IL-1 injected 1 h, but not 24 h, after tumor cells enhanced lung colonization as well, thus suggesting an effect of IL-1 on the vascular transit of tumor cells. These findings may explain the observation of enhanced secondary localization of tumor cells at inflammatory sites and suggest that modulation of secondary spread should be carefully considered when assessing the ability of this cytokine to complement cytoreductive therapies

  9. Radioimmunoimaging in human transitional cell carcinoma xenografted nude mice with monoclonal antibody L4B4

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The monoclonal antibody L4B4 against transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) was prepared and radioimmunoimaging (RII) was studied in nude mice bearing human TCC using L4B4. L4B4 was identified in vitro by immunohistochemistry. Radioimmunoimaging was performed in human transitional cell carcinoma xenografted nude mice. Immunohistochemistry study showed that L4B4 had high specificity for TCC (23/24), compared to that for other malignant tumors (2/24) and benign tumors (0/7). RII study showed that xenografted tumor was demonstrated clearly on the 3rd and 5th day after injection of 125I labeled L4B4. The T/NT was greater than 4 on the 5th day. The results indicated that L4B4 might be useful in the study of TCC and is worthy to do further investigation

  10. Radionecrosis skin model induced an athymic mouse nude (Nu/Nu) for development of dermal-epidermal human substitute based regenerative therapy; Modelo de radionecrose cutanea induzida em camundongos Nude (Nu/Nu) para desenvolvimento de terapias regenerativas baseadas em substitutos dermo-epidermicos humanos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mosca, Rodrigo Crespo

    2014-07-01

    The neoplasms incidence has increased significantly in recent years and continued population growth and aging will increase the statistics of this illness in the world's diseases. The cancer treatment usually consists in individual or combined use of chemotherapy, surgery and radiotherapy depending on the etiology of the tumor. In cases where radiotherapy is used in addition to the therapeutic effects of radiation, specific complications can occur, and in the skin, these complications can be present with a clinical expression ranging from erythema to radionecrosis, and this latter being the adverse effect with greater severity. The radionecrosis treatment consists in debridement necrotic areas and covering the surgical wounds. Autologous grafts are most commonly used for this covering, however when large areas are affected, allografts can be used for occlusive treatment and the keratinocytes and adipose derived stem cells (ADSC) addition becomes an alternative, due to the knowing for immunomodulatory and regenerative response. For that reason, aiming to simulate the radionecrosis adverse effects, an animal model of induced cutaneous radionecrosis was created, in athymic mouse Nude (Nu/Nu), for developing regenerative therapies based on human dermal-epidermal substitutes containing keratinocytes and ADSC, which proved occlusive as an efficient treatment, furthermore, having this radionecrosis animal model established, new possibilities for treatment of diseases involving dermal regeneration, can be tested. (author)

  11. Morphofunctional evaluation of human skin preserved in glycerol and exposed to gamma radiation: a study in athymic mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Extensive skin lesions expose the body to damaging agents, which makes spontaneous regeneration difficult and, in many cases, leads patient to death. In such cases, if there are no donating areas for autograft, allografts can be used. In this type of graft, tissue is processed in tissue banks, where it can be subjected to radiosterilization. According to in vitro studies, gamma radiation, in doses higher than 25 kGy, induces alterations in skin preserved in glycerol at 85%, reducing the tensile strength of irradiated tissue. Clinical observation also suggests faster integration of such graft with the receptors tissue. In order to assess if the alterations observed in vitro, would compromise in vivo use, transplants of human tissue, irradiated or not, were performed in Nude mice. The skin of the mice was subjected to macroscopic analysis, optical coherence tomography imaging, histological and biomechanical assays. It was possible to conclude that grafts irradiated with 25 kGy promoted greater initial contraction, without alteration of the final dimensions of the repair area, also displaying a faster closing of the wound. Moreover, the use of irradiated grafts (25 and 50 kGy) enabled the formation of a more organized healing process without significant effects on biomechanical properties. (author)

  12. Investigation of phyotographic distribution of anti-P-gp antibody PHMA02 in nude mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To investigate the photographic distribution of anti-P-gp monoclonal antibody PHMA02 in nude mice transplanted with K562/A02 cell tumor. Methods: PHMA02 were prepared by hybridoma technique, sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophorsis and Western-blot were used to analyzed its purity, fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) was also used to determine its binding with K562 and K562/A02 cells. Nude mice were injected i.v with 125I labeled PHMA02, and were scanned on different time by SPECT. Results: The purity and binding affinity of PHMA02 were both satisfactory. On the second day from injection, radioactivity appeared in all tumor regions of the P-gp+(K562/A02) group nude mice, and intensified in the following days. Concludsion: The photographic difference of PHMA02 distribution between P-gp+(K562/A02) and P-gp-(K562) group could specifically distinguish the P-gp+ tumor tissue. (authors)

  13. Immunohistochemical investigations of xenotransplanted human adenocarcinomas on nude mice: Correlation to radioimaging

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Immunohistochemical investigations of xenotransplanted human adenocarcinomas on nude mice; correlation to radioimaging Human carcinomas were subcutanously grafted to nude mice (Balb/c-nu/nu) and were investigated in four passages by immunohistochemical methods and by the fluorochrome bisbenzimid. In this way there could be observed a successful differentiation between the nourishing murine stroma and the human tumor parenchym. Especially the use of a monoclonal antibody (rat/mouse fusion) directed against human tissue turned out to be a suitable method. Four adenocarcinomas were tested: Colon-, mamma-, stomach- and testicle carcinoma. During the first four passages atypical parts of murine connective tissue and some changes in the human parenchyma could be seen. These results demonstrate that also in nude mice variations of the transplanted tumor material could happen. They could be detected in time with a routine immunohistochemical test. The consequences of tumor morphological variations for the development of therapeutic and diagnostic tools were studied with the help of radioimaging by external scintigraphy. Furthermore the biodistribution, tumoruptake and the whole body counting were studied by means of radionuclid marked monoclonal antibodies. The morphological variations of the passages of mammary, testicle and colon carcinomas were not big enough to influence the results in a certain way. Therefore especially the relation between the activity uptake in the tissue, the size of the tumor and the whole body uptake was studied in view of immunoscintigraphy. (orig./MG)

  14. INHIBITION OF ANGIOSTATIN TO THE GROWTH AND METASTASIS OF GASTRIC CANCER IN NUDE MICE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘炳亚; 陈雪华; 朱正纲; 林言箴; 卢伟新; 郭礼和; 朱丽华

    2002-01-01

    Objective To study the inhibition effect on tumor angiogenesis and metastasis of angiostatin, which generated from human plasminogen. Methods Plasminogen was isolated from human plasma by Sepharose chromatography and then catalyzed by elastase. Angiostatin was isolated by Sepharose 4B-Lysine chromatography. Nude mice model of metastatic gastric cancer was set up by intact tumor tissue implantation orthotopically. From the day of operation, mice received daily intraperitoneal injections of human angiostatin ,intact plasminogen, or saline, respectively. 24μg(1.2mg/kg) of angiostatin or plasminogen was given on the day of operation, followed by a daily dose of 12μg (O. 6mg/kg) via intraperitoneal injection for three weeks.Ten weeks after implantation, mice were sacrificed and autopsied. Microvascular density was measured by immunohistochemistry. Results Molecular weight of plasminogen isolated from plasma was 94KD. Plasminogen was catalyzed into two fragment peptides by elastase, which were 41 ~ 43KD and 51 ~ 53KD in molecular weight. Growth of the orthotopieally implanted tumor was significantly reduced in size in the mice treated with angiostastin with an inhibition rate of 54.0%. Tumor metastasis to the liver and peritoneum was also significantly inhibited by angiostatin with inhibition rate of 61.9% and 55.6% respectively. The microvaseular density was also decreased significantly in the angiostatin treated mice. Conclusion Angiostatin may be generated from plasma, and has inhibitory effect both on tumor growth and metastasis in nude mice model of human gastric cancer.

  15. CD8+ T cells are crucial for the ability of congenic normal mice to reject highly immunogenic sarcomas induced in nude mice with 3-methylcholanthrene

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boesen, M; Svane, I M; Engel, A M; Rygaard, J; Thomsen, Allan Randrup; Werdelin, O

    2000-01-01

    An attempt was made to identify the selection pressures put upon a growing tumour by CD8+ T cells. To this end tumours induced with 3-methylcholanthrene in T cell-deficient nude mice and in congenic T cell-competent nu/+ mice were transplanted to nu/+ recipients. The rejection rate of the sarcomas...... from nude mice was almost twice that of the sarcomas from nu/+ mice. Depletion of CD8+ T cells from nu/+ recipients prior to transplantation made them accept nude tumours that were consistently rejected by untreated nu/+ recipients. These findings suggest that a methylcholanthrene sarcoma during its...

  16. Effect of reconstituted basement membrane components on the growth of a panel of human tumour cell lines in nude mice.

    OpenAIRE

    Topley, P.; Jenkins, D C; Jessup, E. A.; Stables, J. N.

    1993-01-01

    Previous reports have indicated that reconstituted basement membrane (matrigel), when co-injected with either established or primary human tumour cells, can improve the growth of subcutaneous xenografts in nude mice. The human adenocarcinoma cell lines A549, SW480, and WiDr, and the human fibrosarcoma cell line HT1080scc2 exhibit varying degrees of tumourigenicity in nude mice. All these lines showed increased tumorigenicity and/or growth rate, together with a change towards a more differenti...

  17. Growth kinetics of four human breast carcinomas grown in nude mice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Spang-Thomsen, M; Rygaard, K; Hansen, L;

    1989-01-01

    in nude mice were investigated. The proliferative tumor characteristics were examined by growth curves, thymidine labelling technique, and flow cytometric DNA analysis performed on fine-needle aspirations. The results showed that the tumors had growth kinetics comparable to other human tumor types......The immune-deficient nude mouse with human tumor xenografts is an appropriate model system for performing detailed growth kinetic examinations. In the present study one estrogen and progesterone receptor-negative (T60) and three receptor-positive (Br-10, MCF-7, T61) human breast cancer xenografts...... with cell generation times of 42 to 60 hours. The three receptor-positive tumors had slower growth rate, larger tumor volume doubling time, and smaller growth fraction and labelling index than the receptor-negative tumor. However, no single proliferation parameter was sufficient to characterize the...

  18. Reversal of multidrug resistance by magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticle copolymerizating daunorubicin and 5-bromotetrandrine in xenograft nude-mice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Baoan Chen

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Baoan Chen1,* Jian Cheng1,* Yanan Wu1, Feng Gao1, Wenlin Xu2, et al 1Department of Hematology;2Department of Hematology, The Affiliated People’s Hospital, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, PR China *These authors have contributed equally to this workAbstract: In this paper we establish the xenograft leukemia model with stable multidrug resistance in nude mice and to investigate the reversal effect of 5-bromotetrandrine (5-BrTet and magnetic nanoparticle of Fe3O4 (MNP-Fe3O4 combined with daunorubicin (DNR in vivo. Two subclones of K562 and K562/A02 cells were inoculated subcutaneously into the back of athymic nude mice (1 × 107 cells/each respectively to establish leukemia xenograft models. Drug-resistant and sensitive tumor-bearing nude mice were assigned randomly into five groups which were treated with normal saline; DNR; NP-Fe3O4 combined with DNR; 5-BrTet combined with DNR; 5-BrTet and MNP-Fe3O4 combined with DNR, respectively. The incidence of formation, growth characteristics, weight, and volume of tumors were observed. The histopathologic examination of tumors and organs were detected. For resistant tumors, the protein levels of Bcl-2, and BAX were detected by Western blot. Bcl-2, BAX, and caspase-3 genes were also detected. For K562/A02 cells xenograft tumors, 5-BrTet and MNP-Fe3O4 combined with DNR significantly suppressed growth of tumor. A histopathologic examination of tumors clearly showed necrosis of the tumors. Application of 5-BrTet and MNP-Fe3O4 inhibited the expression of Bcl-2 protein and upregulated the expression of BAX and caspase-3 proteins in K562/A02 cells xenograft tumor. It is concluded that 5-BrTet and MNP-Fe3O4 combined with DNR had a significant tumor-suppressing effect on a MDR leukemia cells xenograft model.Keywords: 5-bromotetrandrine, magnetic nanoparticle of Fe3O4, multidrug-resistance, xenograft model

  19. Experimental study of radiotargeting-therapy with small molecular polypeptide in nude mice bearing lung adenocarcinoma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Background: Integrin signal transduction pathways provide an important basis for molecular targeting therapy of cancer in tumor growth, infiltration and transfer. Existing research data have shown that small molecular peptide labeled with radionuclide has good clinical application prospects, but the successful researches on lung cancer have not been reported so far. It is considered that the main reason is the lack of small molecule peptide for specific targeting lung cancer. Purpose: Based on the small molecular peptide cNGQGEQc for specifically identifying integrin α3 and β1 found previously, polypeptide cNGQGEQc is selected and radiolabelled with 131I. And the inhibitory effect of 131I-cNGQGEQc in nude mice bearing lung adenocarcinoma is observed. Methods: The coupling of cNGQGEQc and tyrosine was done in the processing of solid phase synthesis of small molecular peptide. Chloramine-T method was used for radiolabelling of cNGQGEQc with 131I. Twenty nude mice bearing NCI-H1975 were built and randomly divided into four groups with five mice in each group, including the group of 131I-cNGQGEQc, the group of 131I-cNAQAEQc, the group of 131I and the saline control group. The general condition was observed in nude mice bearing tumor after tail vein injection of corresponding drugs. And the tumor sizes after grafting were measured per 3 days in 30 days. The inhibitory rate of tumor in each group was calculated. Results: The labeling efficiencies of 131I-cNGQGEQc and 131I-cNAQAEQc were greater than 90% with the radiochemical purity of more than 95%, and 131I-cNGQGEQc had obvious inhibitory effect for transplantation tumor in nude mice bearing NCI-H1975 adenocarcinoma of lung. After a treatment for 30 days the tumor inhibitory rates were 60.93% for the group of 131I-cNGQGEQc, 11.63% for the group of 131I-cNAQAEQ and 10.70% for the group of 131I. Conclusion: 131I-cNGQGEQC has a good affinity and effective inhibit effect for the NCI-H1975 lung adenocarcinoma. Integrin is

  20. Pharmacokinetics and biodistribution of Erufosine in nude mice - implications for combination with radiotherapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Alkylphosphocholines represent promising antineoplastic drugs that induce cell death in tumor cells by primary interaction with the cell membrane. Recently we could show that a combination of radiotherapy with Erufosine, a paradigmatic intravenously applicable alkylphosphocholine, in vitro leads to a clear increase of irradiation-induced cell death. In view of a possible combination of Erufosine and radiotherapy in vivo we determined the pharmacokinetics and bioavailability as well as the tolerability of Erufosine in nude mice. NMRI (nu/nu) nude mice were treated by intraperitoneal or subcutaneous injections of 5 to 40 mg/kg body weight Erufosine every 48 h for one to three weeks. Erufosine-concentrations were measured in brain, lungs, liver, small intestine, colon, spleen, kidney, stomach, adipoid tissue, and muscle by tandem-mass spectroscopy. Weight course, blood cell count and clinical chemistry were analyzed to evaluate general toxicity. Intraperitoneal injections were generally well tolerated in all dose groups but led to a transient loss of the bodyweight (<10%) in a dose dependent manner. Subcutaneous injections of high-dose Erufosine caused local reactions at the injection site. Therefore, this regimen at 40 mg/kg body weight Erufosine was stopped after 14 days. No gross changes were observed in organ weight, clinical chemistry and white blood cell count in treated compared to untreated controls except for a moderate increase in lactate dehydrogenase and aspartate-aminotransferase after intensive treatment. Repeated Erufosine injections resulted in drug-accumulation in different organs with maximum concentrations of about 1000 nmol/g in spleen, kidney and lungs. Erufosine was well tolerated and organ-concentrations surpassed the cytotoxic drug concentrations in vitro. Our investigations establish the basis for a future efficacy testing of Erufosine in xenograft tumor models in nude mice alone and in combination with chemo- or radiotherapy

  1. Effects of a fraction from Naja naja atra venom on transplanted hepatic carcinoma in nude mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XuT; LiuZT

    2002-01-01

    The effects of a fraction from Naja naja atra venom(FNNAV) on inhibiting the growing of hepatic carcinoma and inducing the apoptosis of hepatic carcinoma were studied.It showed that the weight of transplants of hepatic carcinoma was lower both in middle and high concentration FNNAV groups compared with the control group after ten days treatment with FNNAV,and the nude mice of high concentration FNNAV group lived longer than those of the control group.It has been found that the expression of bcl-2 gene in transplants of hepatic carcinoma in FNNAV groups was decreased by using SABC method.By counting the peripheral blood WBC and bone marrow cells it proved that FNNAV did not affect the function of bone marrow in a short period.These results suggest that FNNAV has the anti-tumor effects on transkplanted hepatic carcinoma in nude mice and could prolong the life of mice bearing the tumor.No inhibitory effect of FNNAV on bone marrow was observed.

  2. ATP-ase positive cells in human oral mucosa transplanted to nude mice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dabelsteen, E; Kirkeby, S

    1981-01-01

    , identified as ATP-ase positive dendritic cells, have almost disappeared from the transplanted epithelium whereas at day 21 after transplantation such cells were abundant. It is suggested that the ATP-ase positive cells which reappear in the transplanted epithelium are of mouse origin.......A model to study the differentiation of human oral epithelium in vivo utilizing transplantation of human tissue to nude mice has been described. Previous studies have described the epithelial cells in this model. In this study we demonstrate that 8 d after transplantation, Langerhans cells...

  3. Mesenchymal stem cell-based NK4 gene therapy in nude mice bearing gastric cancer xenografts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhu Y

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Yin Zhu,1,* Ming Cheng,2,* Zhen Yang,3 Chun-Yan Zeng,3 Jiang Chen,3 Yong Xie,3 Shi-Wen Luo,3 Kun-He Zhang,3 Shu-Feng Zhou,4 Nong-Hua Lu1,31Department of Gastroenterology, 2Department of Orthopedics, 3Institute of Digestive Disease, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Jiangxi, People’s Republic of China; 4Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA*These authors contributed equally to this workAbstract: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs have been recognized as promising delivery vehicles for gene therapy of tumors. Gastric cancer is the third leading cause of worldwide cancer mortality, and novel treatment modalities are urgently needed. NK4 is an antagonist of hepatocyte growth factor receptors (Met which are often aberrantly activated in gastric cancer and thus represent a useful candidate for targeted therapies. This study investigated MSC-delivered NK4 gene therapy in nude mice bearing gastric cancer xenografts. MSCs were transduced with lentiviral vectors carrying NK4 complementary DNA or enhanced green fluorescent protein (GFP. Such transduction did not change the phenotype of MSCs. Gastric cancer xenografts were established in BALB/C nude mice, and the mice were treated with phosphate-buffered saline (PBS, MSCs-GFP, Lenti-NK4, or MSCs-NK4. The tropism of MSCs toward gastric cancer cells was determined by an in vitro migration assay using MKN45 cells, GES-1 cells and human fibroblasts and their presence in tumor xenografts. Tumor growth, tumor cell apoptosis and intratumoral microvessel density of tumor tissue were measured in nude mice bearing gastric cancer xenografts treated with PBS, MSCs-GFP, Lenti-NK4, or MSCs-NK4 via tail vein injection. The results showed that MSCs migrated preferably to gastric cancer cells in vitro. Systemic MSCs-NK4 injection significantly suppressed the growth of gastric cancer xenografts. MSCs-NK4 migrated and accumulated in tumor

  4. Localization of 131I-chTNT in a nude mice model with human hepatoma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: In order to evaluate the targeting activity in the animal model with human hepatoma, the 131I-chTNT radioimmunoimaging was explored. Methods: Radioimmunoimages were taken on different intervals after injection of 131I-chTNT 5.55 MBq to the nude mice, and tissue distribution was measured. The results of 131I-chTNT monoclonal antibody group were compared with that of 131I control group. Results: The experimental group developed tumor positive images after one day of radio-labelled monoclonal antibodies injection and held on until the end of the experiment. The radioactivity in tumor mass was stable, and the half life of 131I-chTNT in hepatoma mass was 6.0 +- 1.6 days. there was no special radioactivity accumulation in normal liver tissue in the nude mice and the radioactivity in it disappeared rapidly. Statistics indicated the tumor/liver ratio in 1, 2, 3, 5, 7 days were 1.03, 2.43, 5.71, 7.96, 10.67, respectively. Conclusions: The results suggest that 131I-chTNT monoclonal antibody has a considerable targeting activity, and provide an evidence for that it can be used as a new radiopharmaceutical agent for the imaging and radio therapy of hepatoma

  5. Growth curves of three human malignant tumors transplanted to nude mice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Spang-Thomsen, M; Nielsen, A; Visfeldt, J

    1980-01-01

    and to develop an essential part of the determination of proliferation parameters for the tumors. The results indicate that the course of tumor growth can be described with good approximation by the Gompertz function. A transformation of this function depicts the growth rectilinearly and appears to be......Experimental growth data for three human malignant tumors transplanted to nude mice of BALB/c origin are analyzed statistically in order to investigate whether they can be described according to the Gompertz function. The aim is to set up unequivocal standards for planned therapeutic experiments...... suitable as a standard, e.g. in therapeutic experiments. The course of tumor growth is independent of the size of the transplant, and whether tumors are transplanted in the right or left or both flanks of the recipient mice. Furthermore, the growth does not vary in a systematic way with the number of...

  6. Imaging of human melanoma xenografts in nude mice with a radiolabeled monoclonal antibody

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    External photoscanning with display of radioactivity data as a color-scaled image detected xenografts of human melanoma in male nude inbred mice of BALB/c background 48 hours after injection of 131I-labeled monoclonal IgG 225.28S that is specific for human melanoma. A 131I-labeled polyclonal goat IgG against human melanoma-associated antigens could also image the tumor, but with this preparation there was considerable localization of radioactivity in normal tissues, resulting in less satisfactory tumor definition. Labeled normal mouse IgG did not image the melanoma grafts. Assay of radioactivity in tissues of melanoma-grafted mice confirmed tumor-specific localization of the antimelanoma antibodies. The tumor:blood ratio of radioactivity was 6.55 with the monoclonal antimelanoma IgG and 0.45 with the polyclonal IgG

  7. Antitumor and Antiangiogenic Activities of Curcumin in Cervical Cancer Xenografts in Nude Mice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pornphrom Yoysungnoen-Chintana

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available To evaluate the effects of curcumin (CUR on tumor progression and angiogenesis in cervical cancer- (CaSki- implanted nude mice and on the angiogenic biomarkers: vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF, cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2, and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR. CaSki cells were subcutaneously injected in nude mice to establish subcutaneous tumors. One month after injection, mice were orally administered vehicle or 500, 1,000, and 1,500 mg/kg of CUR daily × 30 consecutive days. Tumor volume was measured every 3-4 days. At the end of the study, tumor microvasculature was observed under confocal microscope, and immunohistochemical analyses were performed to detect CD31, VEGF, COX-2, and EGFR. CUR at the doses of 1,000 and 1,500 mg/kg showed significant tumor growth retardation (21.03% and 35.57% versus CaSki + vehicle group. The microvascular density (MVD in CaSki + vehicle group was significantly increased versus Control + vehicle group and significantly reduced by CUR (1,000 and 1,500 mg/kg. VEGF, COX-2, and EGFR expressions were upregulated in CaSki + vehicle group and attenuated significantly by CUR (1,000 and 1,500 mg/kg. In conclusion, high dose CUR inhibited tumor growth and angiogenesis in CaSki-implanted mice probably mediated by the downregulation of VEGF, COX-2 and EGFR. CUR may have a role in treating human cervical cancer and should be explored further.

  8. Establishing the Nude Mice Bone Metastasis Model of Lung Adenocarcinoma and Applying MicroCT into the Observation

    OpenAIRE

    Yongqi CUI; Geng, Qin; Gu, Aiqin; Miaoxin ZHU; Hanwei KONG; Sun, Lei; Liu, Lei; Yan, Mingxia; Yao, Ming

    2013-01-01

    Background and objective 50%-70% of patients with advanced lung cancer will develop bone metastases. The aim of this study is to establish the nude mice bone metastasis model of lung adenocarcinoma using A549, H1299, SPC-A-1 and XL-2, all of which own different invasion and migration abilities in vitro and supervise the bone metastases by MicroCT. Methods fifty BALB/C-nu/nu nude mice were grouped into five groups on average randomly. Cells of the four cell lines were injected into the left ca...

  9. Detection of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma by cathepsin B activity in nude mice.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei Ma

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Despite great progress in treatment, the prognosis for patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC remains poor, highlighting the importance of early detection. Although upper endoscopy can be used for the screening of esophagus, it has limited sensitivity for early stage disease. Thus, development of new diagnosis approach to improve diagnostic capabilities for early detection of ESCC is an important need. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of using cathepsin B (CB as a novel imaging target for the detection of human ESCC by near-infrared optical imaging in nude mice. METHODS: Initially, we examined specimens from normal human esophageal tissue, intraepithelial neoplasia lesions, tumor in situ, ESCC and two cell lines including one human ESCC cell line (Eca-109 and one normal human esophageal epithelial cell line (HET-1A for CB expression by immunohistochemistry and western blot, respectively. Next, the ability of a novel CB activatable near-infrared fluorescence (NIRF probe detecting CB activity presented in Eca-109 cells was confirmed by immunocytochemistry. We also performed in vivo imaging of tumor bearing mice injected with the CB probe and ex vivo imaging of resected tumor xenografts and visceral organs using a living imaging system. Finally, the sources of fluorescence signals in tumor tissue and CB expression in visceral organs were identified by histology. RESULTS: CB was absent in normal human esophageal mucosa, but it was overexpressed in ESCC and its precursor lesions. The novel probe for CB activity specifically detected ESCC xenografts in vivo and in vitro. CONCLUSIONS: CB was highly upregulated in human ESCC and its precursor lesions. The elevated CB expression in ESCC allowed in vivo and in vitro detection of ESCC xenografts in nude mice. Our results support the usefulness of CB activity as a potential imaging target for the detection of human ESCC.

  10. Anti-tumor effect of thalidomide and paclitaxel on hepatocellular carcinoma in nude mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Zhong-lin; LIU Zhi-su; SUN Quan

    2005-01-01

    Background Thalidomide is reviving for its antiangiogenic effect on corneal neovascularization models. Recently, it has been employed in tumor research in several types of solid carcinomas. However, its effect on hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has not yet been clarified. Methods A total of 48 nude mice bearing human HCC with a high metastatic potential were randomly divided into 4 groups. Thalidomide (200 mg/kg), paclitaxel (13 mg/kg), or their combination, which was dissolved in 0.5% sodium carboxyl methyl cellulose (CMC) suspension, was intraperitoneally injected in each group since the second day of the establishment of animal model. The group simply administered with 0.5% CMC was set as placebo-control. The mice were sacrificed on the 30th day, for the measurement of tumor size, weight and metastasis in the lungs. The levels of CD34 and endothelial growth factor (VEGF) mRNA in tumor tissues were detected by immunohistochemistry and semiquantitative RT-PCR, respectively, and microvessel density (MVD) was evaluated. Results No statistical difference was found in tumor weight and volume between the thalidomide group and control (P>0.05). Paclitaxel showed a growth-inhibiting effect on tumors (P<0.05). The value of MVD and VEGF mRNA and metastases to the lungs in each group were lower than those in the placebo-control group (P<0.05); such difference in the combination group was statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusions Paclitaxel, but not thalidomide, has significant growth inhibitory effect on tumors, but both significantly inhibit angiogenesis and metastasis of human HCC in nude mice, such effects of paclitaxel can be amplified by thalidomide.

  11. Sequential imaging of indium-111-labeled monoclonal antibody in human mammary tumors hosted in nude mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Using a bifunctional chelating agent, indium-111 was attached to a monoclonal antibody 10-3D2, specific for a 126-kilodalton phosphoglycoprotein antigen associated with human mammary carcinoma, and was then used to localize and visualize human mammary tumors hosted in nude mice. Simultaneous tumor concentration of In-111-10-3D2 was eight times greater than that of control I-125-MOPC-21. Uptake of F(ab')2 and Fab of 10-3D2 was also compared. The scintigrams demonstrated that intact antibody provided the best images. Control In-111-labeled MOPC-21 and plasma did not show specific localization in the tumor. Uptake of In-111-labeled 10-3D2 was also compared in two lines of human mammary tumors, BT-20 and HS-578T. Imaging with 10-3D2 was better for BT-20 than for HS-578T

  12. Radioimmunoimaging of human colon carcinoma xenografts in nude mice with 111In-labelled monoclonal antibody

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A nude mouse model bearing human colon carcinoma xenograft from human fresh surgical specimens was established. The anti-colon carcinoma monoclonal antibody 2C10 was labelled with 111In using bifunctional chelating agent DTPA. The labelled antibodies were injected intraperitoneally into the tumor-bearing mice. The tissue distribution of labelled antibody was studied and whole body scintigraphies were obtained with a γ camera at different times. 96 hours after administration, the tumor to muscle ratio was 10.48, tumor to blood ratio 3.94 and tumor to liver ratio 1.58. There were significant difference in T/N ratio between animals receiving the specific antibody and labelled unrelated mouse IgG. Imaging showed clear tumor pictures in all animals receiving the specific McAb, while the two animals receiving unrelated mouse IgG showed negative imaging

  13. Experimental iodine-125 seed irradiation of intracerebral brain tumors in nude mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    High-dose radiotherapy is standard treatment for patients with brain cancer. However, in preclinical research external beam radiotherapy is limited to heterotopic murine models– high-dose radiotherapy to the murine head is fatal due to radiation toxicity. Therefore, we developed a stereotactic brachytherapy mouse model for high-dose focal irradiation of experimental intracerebral (orthotopic) brain tumors. Twenty-one nude mice received a hollow guide-screw implanted in the skull. After three weeks, 5 × 105 U251-NG2 human glioblastoma cells were injected. Five days later, a 2 mCi iodine-125 brachytherapy seed was inserted through the guide-screw in 11 randomly selected mice; 10 mice received a sham seed. Mice were euthanized when severe neurological or physical symptoms occurred. The cumulative irradiation dose 5 mm below the active iodine-125 seeds was 23.0 Gy after 13 weeks (BEDtumor = 30.6 Gy). In the sham group, 9/10 animals (90%) showed signs of lethal tumor progression within 6 weeks. In the experimental group, 2/11 mice (18%) died of tumor progression within 13 weeks. Acute side effects in terms of weight loss or neurological symptoms were not observed in the irradiated animals. The intracerebral implantation of an iodine-125 brachytherapy seed through a stereotactic guide-screw in the skull of mice with implanted brain tumors resulted in a significantly prolonged survival, caused by high-dose irradiation of the brain tumor that is biologically comparable to high-dose fractionated radiotherapy– without fatal irradiation toxicity. This is an excellent mouse model for testing orthotopic brain tumor therapies in combination with radiation therapy

  14. Experimental study of 32P-CP-PLLA microparticle on human pancreatic carcinoma in nude mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To study the therapeutic and toxic effects of 32P-chromic phosphate-poly (L-lactic) acid (32P-CP-PLLA) microparticle intratumoral administration into BALB/c nude mice bearing BxPc-3 human pancreatic carcinoma. Methods: Twenty four nude mice bearing tumors were injected with 0, 9.3, 18.5 and 37.0 M Bq 32P-CP-PLLA microparticle, respectively. The relative tumor growth rates were observed every day, and white blood cells, platelets and body weight were measured. At 14 d after administration, the tumors were removed, histological examination and immunohistochemical analysis were performed. Results: The relative tumor growth rates of each treatment group was lower than 40%. Histological examination showed the degenerative necrosis at the site nearby the microparticle. Immunohistochemical analysis showed that the Microvessel density (MVD) and the expression of Bcl-2 in treated group were lower than those in control group.In contrast, the expression of bax in treated group were higher than those in control group. The ratio of Bcl-2/Bax protein significantly decreased in the treatment group,which were 3.83 ± 0.43, 0.47 ± 0.13, 1.10 ± 0.32, 2.19 ± 0.57 for 0, 9.3, 18.5 and 37.0 MBq 32P-CP-PLLA microparticle, respectively (t=2.36-2.77, P<0.05). MVD were 31.2 ± 2.3, 23.8 ± 1.5, 14.8 ±0.8, 11.0 ± 1.2, respectively. Dose dependence was observed in both HE and IHC staining after 14 d treatment (t=2.30-2.57, P<0.05). Conclusions: Intratumoral injection of 32P-CP-PLLA microparticle might be a safe, easy and effective radionuclide interventional therapy for pancreatic carcinoma. (authors)

  15. Angiostatin up-regulation in gastric cancer cell SGC7901 inhibits tumorigenesis in nude mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jing Wu; Yong-Quan Shi; Kai-Chun Wu; De-Xin Zhang; Jing-Hua Yang; Dai-Ming Fan

    2003-01-01

    AIM: To explore the influence of angiostatin up-regulationon the biologic behavior of gastric cancer cells in vitro andin vivo, and the potential of angiostatin gene therapy in thetreatment of human gastric cancer.METHODS: Mouse angiostatin cDNA was subcloned intothe eukaryotic expression vector pcDNA3.1(+) and identifiedby restriction endonucleases digestion and sequencing. Therecombinant vector pcDNA3. 1(+)-angio was transfected intohuman gastric cancer cells SGC7901 with liposome andparalleled with the vector control and the mock control.Angiostatin transcription and protein expression wereexamined by RT-PCR and Western blot in the stable celllines selected by G418. Cell proliferation and growth in vitroof the three groups were observed respectively undermicroscope, cell number counting and FACS. The cellsoverexpressing angiostatin, vector transfected and untreatedwere respectively implanted subcutaneously into nude mice.After 30days the size of tumors formed was measured, andmicrovessel density count (MVD) in the tumor tissues wasassessed by immunohistochemistry with the primary anti-vWF antibody.RESULTS: The recombinant vector pcDNA3.1(+)-angio wasconfirmed with the correct sequence of mouse angiostatinunder the promoter CMV. After 30 d of transfection andselection with G418, macroscopic resistant cell clones wereformed in the experimental group transfected with pcDNA3.1(+)-angio and the vector control. But no untreated cellssurvived in the mock control. Angiostatin mRNAtranscription and protein expression were detected in theexperimental group. No significant differences wereobserved among the three groups in cell morphology, cellgrowth curves and cell cycle phase distributions in vitro.However, in nude mice model, markedly inhibitedtumorigenesis and slowed tumor expansion were observedin the experimental group as compared with the controls,which was paralleled with decreased microvessel density inand around tumor tissues (P<0. 05).CONCLUSION: Angiostatin

  16. Experimental study of the antitumor effect of phosphorus-32 glassmicrospheres on the tumor loaded nude mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lu Liu; Pei Lin Huang; Guan Sheng Tong

    2000-01-01

    AIM To evaluate the pharmacological effect of phosphorus-32 glass microspheres (32p-GMS) injected intothe implanted human liver cancer cell mass in nude mice.METHODS Fifty-two Balb/c tumor loaded nude mice were allocated into treatment group (n =38) andcontrol group (n = 14), in the former group different doses of 32p-GMS were injected into the tumor mass,while in the latter group 31 P-GMS or no treatment were given instead of 32 P-GMS. After dynamicallyobserving the growth of tumor for d 3 - d 28, the experimental animals were killed in batches, the tumor andits nearby tissues were examined by light and electronic microscopy.RESULTS In comparing with the control group, the treatment group showed the tumor inhibiting rates of59.7% -93.6% (Variance analysis of the mean weight of different doses and control group after square rootcorrection, F= 579.62, P<0.01). As the tumor mass attained the absorbed dose of 7320Gy, the tumor cellswere completely destroyed and at this maximal dose in one case, the epithelial tissue neighboring to this massshowed the signs of metaplasia. When the absorbed doses ranged from 1830Gy to 3660Gy, most of the tumorcells showed the evidences of injury or necrosis, and some well differentiated tumor cells appeared. As theabsorbed dose being 366Gy or less, some tumor cells remained in active proliferative stage with a lot offibroblasts and lymphocytes presented in the neighboring interstitial tissues.CONCLUSION When the experimental model of implanted human liver cancer cells received 32p-GMS of1830Gy-3660Gy, it produces excellent anticancer action without any injury to the normal neighboringtissues and the prominent anticancer effect is found within d 3 after intratumor injection.

  17. Angiostatin inhibits pancreatic cancer cell proliferation and growth in nude mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ding-Zhong Yang; Jing He; Ji-Cheng Zhang; Zhuo-Ren Wang

    2005-01-01

    AIM: To observe the biologic behavior of pancreatic cancer cells in vitro and in vivo, and to explore the potential value of angiostatin gene therapy for pancreatic cancer.METHODS: The recombinant vector pcDNA3.1(+)-angiostatin was transfected into human pancreatic cancer cells PC-3 with Lipofectamine 2000, and paralleled with the vector and mock control. Angiostatin transcription and protein expression were determined by immunofluorescence and Western blot. The stable cell line was selected by G418. The supernatant was collected to treat endothelial cells. Cell proliferation and growth in vitro were observed under microscope. Cell growth curves were plotted.The troms-fected or untroms-fected cells overexpressing angiostatin vector were implanted subcutaneously into nude mice. The size of tumors was measured, and microvessel density count (MVD) in tumor tissues was assessed by immunohistochemistry with primary anti-CD34antibody.RESULTS: After transfected into PC-3 with Lipofectamine 2000 and selected by G418, macroscopic resistant cell clones were formed in the experimental group transfected with pcDNA 3.1(+)-angiostatin and vector control. But untreated cells died in the mock control. Angiostatin protein expression was detected in the experimental group by immunofluorescence and Western-blot. Cell proliferation and growth in vitro in the three groups were observed respectively under microscope. After treatment with supernatant, significant differences were observed in endothelial cell (ECV-304) growth in vitro. The cell proliferation and growth were inhibited. In nude mice model, markedly inhibited tumorigenesis and slowed tumor expansion were observed in the experimental group as compared to controls, which was parallel to the decreased microvessel density in and around tumor tissue.CONCLUSION: Angiostatin does not directly inhibit human pancreatic cancer cell proliferation and growth in vitro,but it inhibits endothelial cell growthin vitro. It exerts the anti

  18. Effect of antidepressants on body weight, ethology and tumor growth of human pancreatic carcinoma xenografts in nude mice

    OpenAIRE

    Jia, Lin; Shang, Yuan-Yuan; Li, Yu-Yuan

    2008-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the effects of mirtazapine and fluoxetine, representatives of the noradrenergic and specific serotonergic antidepressant (NaSSA) and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) antidepressant respectively, on body weight, ingestive behavior, locomotor activity and tumor growth of human pancreatic carcinoma xenografts in nude mice.

  19. Tumor-targeting Salmonella typhimurium A1-R prevents experimental human breast cancer bone metastasis in nude mice

    OpenAIRE

    Miwa, Shinji; Yano, Shuya; Zhang, Yong; Matsumoto, Yasunori; Uehara, Fuminari; Yamamoto, Mako; Hiroshima, Yukihiko; Kimura, Hiroaki; Hayashi, Katsuhiro; Yamamoto, Norio; Bouvet, Michael; Tsuchiya, Hiroyuki; Hoffman, Robert M.; Ming ZHAO

    2014-01-01

    Bone metastasis is a lethal and morbid late stage of breast cancer that is currently treatment resistant. More effective mouse models and treatment are necessary. High bone-metastatic variants of human breast cancer cells were selected in nude mice by cardiac injection. After cardiac injection of a high bone-metastatic variant of breast cancer, all untreated mice had bone metastases compared to only 20% with parental cells. Treatment with tumor-targeting Salmonella typhimurium A1-R completely...

  20. Molecular imaging of tumor angiogenesis with VEGFR2 targeting microbubbles in colon cancer bearing nude mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To evaluate the effect of tumor neovascularization imaging in a nude mouse model of colon cancer by contrast ultrasound molecular imaging (UMI) of VEGF receptor 2 (kinase insert domain receptor, KDR). Methods: Targeted microbubbles (MBt) were built by conjugating K237, a small peptide with high affinity for KDR, to liposome microbubbles through a biotin-avidin bridge. Control microbubbles (MBc) with control peptide were prepared by the same method. Nude mice models of LS174T human colon cancer were established. MBt and MBc were injected intravenously in twelve mice in random order with an interval of 30 min. MBt were injected in another six mice after K237-peptide blocking. UMI was performed in all mice at 5 min postinjection to observe the imaging difference and measure the video intensity (Ⅵ) of tumor tissues in different groups. One-way analysis of variance and the least significant difference t test were performed to analyze the difference of tumor Ⅵ in the groups with MBt, MBc and K237 blocking. Immunohistochemistry was applied to detect the expression and distribution of KDR in tumor tissue and adjacent tumor tissues. Results: K237 peptide was successfully conjugated to the surface of microbubbles through biotin-avidin mediation. Ultrasound imaging signal of the tumor was high in the MBt group, while there were no significant enhancement in the groups of K237 blocking and MBc. The Ⅵ in MBt, MBc and K237 blocking groups was significantly different (F=39.130, P<0.01). There was a significant difference of Ⅵ in the MBt group compared to the MBc group (30.18 ± 9.56 vs 8.28 ± 4.74, t=6.91, P<0.01). In the K237 blocking group Ⅵ was significantly lower than that in the MBt group (9.23 ± 3.44 vs 30.18 ± 9.56, t=4.91, P<0.01). Immunohistochemistry results showed that KDR was highly expressed in tumor tissue. Conclusions: KDR-targeting liposome contrast microbubbles may specifically and efficiently link to tumor vascular endothelial cells in

  1. Growth inhibition of human pancreatic cancer grafts in nude mice by boron neutron capture therapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cell destruction in boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) is due to the nuclear reaction between 10B and thermal neutrons to release alpha-particles (4He) and lithium-7 ions (7Li). The 4He kills cells in the range of 10 μm from the site of 4He generation. Therefore, it is theoretically possible to kill tumor cells without affecting adjacent healthy tissues, if 10B-compounds could be selectively delivered. We have described that 10B atoms delivered by immunoliposomes exerted cytotoxic effect on human pancreatic carcinoma cells (AsPC-1) in a dose-dependent manner by thermal neutron irradiation in vitro as reported previously. In the present study, the cytotoxic effect of a locally injected 10B compound solution or multilamellar liposomes containing a 10B compound to human pancreatic carcinoma xenograft in nude mice was evaluated after thermal neutron irradiation. AsPC-1 cells (1 x 107) injected subcutaneously into a nude mouse grew to a tumor weighing 100-300 mg after 2 weeks. At this time 200 μg 10B compounds was locally injected in the tumor and irradiated with 2 x 1012 n/cm2 thermal neutron. Tumor growth of 10B-treated groups was suppressed as compared with control group. Histopathologically, hyalinization and necrosis were found in the tumor tissues. For effective tumor destruction, 10B dose more than 60 μg was necessary. The tumor tissue injected with saline only and irradiated showed neither destruction nor necrosis. These data indicate that the accumulation of 10B atoms to the tumor site is mandatory for the cytotoxic effect by thermal neutron irradiation. (author)

  2. In vivo imaging of human malignant mesothelioma grown orthotopically in the peritoneal cavity of nude mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feng, Mingqian; Zhang, Jingli; Anver, Miriam; Hassan, Raffit; Ho, Mitchell

    2011-01-01

    Malignant mesothelioma (MM) causes significant morbidity and mortality in patients. With increasing efforts devoted to developing therapeutics targeting mesothelioma, a xenograft mouse model with in vivo tumor imaging is especially desired for evaluating anti-tumor therapies. In the present study, we fluorescently labeled the NCI-H226 human mesothelioma cell line by a lentiviral vector harboring a luciferase-GFP (Luc/GFP) fusion gene driven by the RNA polymerase II promoter. After single-cell cloning by flow cytometry, a clone (named LMB-H226-GL) that stably expresses high levels of Luc/GFP was obtained. The in vivo tumorigenicity of Luc/GFP-labeled LMB-H226-GL was determined by using intraperitoneal injections of the cells in nude mice. LMB-H226-GL was found to be able to consistently form solid tumors in the peritoneum of mice. Tumor growth and aggressive progression could be quantitated via in vivo bioluminescence imaging. The model exhibited the pathological hallmarks consistent with the clinical progression of MM in terms of tumor growth and spread inside the peritoneal cavity. To evaluate the in vivo efficacy of drugs targeting mesothelioma, we treated mice with SS1P, a recombinant immunotoxin currently evaluated in Phase II clinical trials for treatment of mesothelioma. All the tumor-bearing mice had a significant response to SS1P treatment. Our results showed that this is a well-suited model for mesothelioma, and may be useful for evaluating other novel agents for mesothelioma treatment in vivo. PMID:21479131

  3. Hiwi knockdown inhibits the growth of lung cancer in nude mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liang, Dong; Dong, Min; Hu, Lin-Jie; Fang, Ze-Hui; Xu, Xia; Shi, En-Hui; Yang, Yi-Ju

    2013-01-01

    Hiwi, a human homologue of the Piwi family, plays an important role in stem cell self-renewal and is overexpressed in various human tumors. This study aimed to determine whether an RNA interference-based strategy to suppress Hiwi expression could inhibit tumor growth in a xenograft mouse model. A rare population of SSCloAldebr cells was isolated and identified as lung cancer stem cells in our previous study. Plasmids containing U6 promoter-driven shRNAs against Hiwi or control plasmids were successfully established. The xenograft tumor model was generated by subcutaneously inoculating with lung cancer stem cell SSCloAldebr cells. After the tumor size reached about 8 mm in diameter, shRNA plasmids were injected into the mice via the tail vein three times a week for two weeks, then xenograft tumor growth was assessed. In nude mice, intravenously delivery of Hiwi shRNA plasmids significantly inhibited tumor growth compared to treatment with control scrambled shRNA plasmids or the vehicle PBS. No mice died during the experiment and no adverse events were observed in mice administered the plasmids. Moreover, delivery of Hiwi shRNA plasmids resulted in a significant suppressed expression of Hiwi and ALDH-1 in xenograft tumor samples, based on immunohistochemical analysis. Thus, shRNA-mediated Hiwi gene silencing in lung cancer stem cells by an effective in vivo gene delivery strategy appeared to be an effective therapeutic approach for lung cancer, and may provide some useful clues for RNAi gene therapy in solid cancers. PMID:23621188

  4. In Vivo Imaging of Human Malignant Mesothelioma Grown Orthotopically in the Peritoneal Cavity of Nude Mice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mingqian Feng, Jingli Zhang, Miriam Anver, Raffit Hassan, Mitchell Ho

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Malignant mesothelioma (MM causes significant morbidity and mortality in patients. With increasing efforts devoted to developing therapeutics targeting mesothelioma, a xenograft mouse model with in vivo tumor imaging is especially desired for evaluating anti-tumor therapies. In the present study, we fluorescently labeled the NCI-H226 human mesothelioma cell line by a lentiviral vector harboring a luciferase-GFP (Luc/GFP fusion gene driven by the RNA polymerase II promoter. After single-cell cloning by flow cytometry, a clone (named LMB-H226-GL that stably expresses high levels of Luc/GFP was obtained. The in vivo tumorigenicity of Luc/GFP-labeled LMB-H226-GL was determined by using intraperitoneal injections of the cells in nude mice. LMB-H226-GL was found to be able to consistently form solid tumors in the peritoneum of mice. Tumor growth and aggressive progression could be quantitated via in vivo bioluminescence imaging. The model exhibited the pathological hallmarks consistent with the clinical progression of MM in terms of tumor growth and spread inside the peritoneal cavity. To evaluate the in vivo efficacy of drugs targeting mesothelioma, we treated mice with SS1P, a recombinant immunotoxin currently evaluated in Phase II clinical trials for treatment of mesothelioma. All the tumor-bearing mice had a significant response to SS1P treatment. Our results showed that this is a well-suited model for mesothelioma, and may be useful for evaluating other novel agents for mesothelioma treatment in vivo.

  5. Effect of phosphorus-32 glass microspheres on human hepatocellular carcinoma in nude mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Dong-Sheng Zhang; Lu Liu; Li-Qiang Jin; Mei-Ling Wan; Qun-Hui Li

    2004-01-01

    AIM: To study the effects of phosphorus-32 glass microspheres (32P-GMS) on human hepatocellular carcinoma in nude mice.METHODS: Human liver cancer cell line was implanted into the dorsal subcutaneous tissue of 40 BALB/c nude mice.Then the 40 tumor-bearing BALB/c nude mice were allocated into treatment group (n=-32) and control group (n=8). In the former group different doses of 32P-GMS were injected into the tumor mass, while in the latter nonradioactive 31PGMS was injected into the tumor mass. The experimental animals were sacrificed on the 14th day. The ultrastructural changes of tumor in both treatment group and control group were studied with transmission electron microscopy (TEM)and stereology.RESULTS: In treatment group, a lot of tumor cells were killed and the death rate of tumor cells was much higher (35-70%). Ultrastructurally, severe nuclear damage was observed in the death cells. The characteristics of appoptosis such as margination of heterochromatin was also found in some tumor ceils. Besides, well differentiated tumor cells,degenerative tumor cells and some lymphocytes were seen.The skin and muscle adjacent to the tumor were normal. In control group, the tumor consisted of poorly differentiated tumor cells, in which there were only a few of dead cells (5%). Stereologicl analysis of ultrastructral morphology showed that Vv of nuclei (53.31±3.46) and Vv of nucleoli (20.40±1.84) in the control group were larger than those (30.21±3.52 and 10.96±2.52) in the treatment group respectively (P<0.01), and Vv of RER (3.21±0.54) and Vv of mitochondria (4.53±0.89) in the control group were smaller than those (8.67±1.25 and 7.12±0.95) in the treatment group respectively (P<0.01, 0.05). Sv of the membrane of microvilli and canaliculi (27.12 um2/100 um3±11.84 um2/100 um3) in the control group was smaller than that (78.81 um2/100 um3±19.69 um2/100 um3) in the treatment group (P<0.01). But Vv of lipid particles (3.71±1.97) and Vv of vacuoles (5.72±1

  6. Effects of LY294002 on the invasiveness of human gastric cancer in vivo in nude mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chun-Gen Xing; Bao-Song Zhu; Xiao-Qing Fan; Hui-Hui Liu; Xun Hou; Kui Zhao; Zheng-Hong Qin

    2009-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the effects of class Ⅰ phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitor LY294002 on the invasiveness and related mechanisms of implanted tumors of SGC7901 human gastric carcinoma cells in nude mice.METHODS: Nude mice were randomly divided into model control groups and LY294002 treatment groups. On days 5, 10 and 15 after treatment,the inhibitory rate of tumor growth, pathological changes in tumor specimens, expression levels of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2, MMP-9, CD34 [representing microvessel density (MVD)] and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), as well as apoptosis indexes in tumor samples were observed.RESULTS: In this study, we showed that treating the tumors with LY294002 could significantly inhibit carcinoma growth by 11.3%, 29.4% and 36.7%, after 5, 10 and 15 d, respectively, compared to the control group. Hematoxylin & eosin staining indicated that the rate of inhibition increased progressively (23.51% ± 3.11%, 43.20% ± 3.27% and 63.28% ± 2.10% at 5, 10 and 15 d, respectively) along with apoptosis.The expression of MMP-2 was also downregulated (from 71.4% ± 1.6% to 47.9% ± 0.7%, 31.9% ± 0.9% and 7.9% ± 0.7%). The same effects were observed in MMP-9 protein expression (from 49.4% ± 1.5% to 36.9% ± 0.4%, 23.5% ± 0.9% and 7.7% ± 0.6%), the mean MVD (from 51.2% ± 3.1% to 41.9% ± 1.5%, 30.9% ± 1.7% and 14.9% ± 0.8%),and the expression of VEGF (from 47.2% ± 3.1% to 25.9% ± 0.5%, 18.6% ± 1.2% and 5.1% ± 0.9%) by immunohistochemical staining.CONCLUSION: The class Ⅰ PI3K inhibitor LY294002 could inhibit the invasiveness of gastric cancer cells by downregulating the expression of MMP-2, MMP-9, and VEGF, and reducing MVD.

  7. Effects of heavy ion radiation on cancer stem cells of xenograft tumor in nude mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Experiments were design to determine the effects of Carbon ion radiation on cancer stem cells within xenograft tumors, and to assess the impact of high LET radiation on radiocurability. HCT116 human colon cancer cells were inoculated into nude mice and animals were irradiated when tumors reached a certain size. When irradiated with 15 Gy Carbon ions, the xenograft tumors re-grew after 60 days. However, when irradiated with 30 Gy all tumors were eradicated without relapse within the 90 day follow-up period. In comparison, with X-ray radiation, the tumors were suppressed for 31 days with a dose of 30 Gy and eradicated following a 60 Gy dose. The relative biological effectiveness (RBE) value of Carbon ion relative to X-rays was calculated at 3.82. At an isodose of 30 Gy, Carbon ion radiation predominantly induced tumor cell cavitation and fibrosis, whereas X-ray radiation only partially destroyed the tumor cell mass. Tumor-supplying blood vessels were markedly reduced in mice following Carbon ion irradiation compared to mice irradiated with X-rays. The expression of cancer stem cell related markers or proteins, such as CD133, EpCAM, HIF-1α and B-catenin was predominantly suppressed following Carbon ion radiation. In contrast, X-rays actually increased the expression of these factors. In conclusion, heavy ion radiation can disrupt cancer stem cell populations more effectively than conventional X-ray treatment. These findings emphasize the importance of utilising heavy ion radiation as a tool to achieve high tumor radiocurability. (author)

  8. A Walnut-Enriched Diet Reduces the Growth of LNCaP Human Prostate Cancer Xenografts in Nude Mice

    OpenAIRE

    Reiter, Russel J.; Tan, Dun-Xian; Manchester, Lucien C.; Korkmaz, Ahmet; Fuentes-Broto, Lorena; Hardman, W. Elaine; Rosales-Corral, Sergio A; Qi, Wenbo

    2013-01-01

    It was investigated whether a standard mouse diet (AIN-76A) supplemented with walnuts reduced the establishment and growth of LNCaP human prostate cancer cells in nude (nu/nu) mice. The walnut-enriched diet reduced the number of tumors and the growth of the LNCaP xenografts; 3 of 16 (18.7%) of the walnut-fed mice developed tumors; conversely, 14 of 32 mice (44.0%) of the control diet-fed animals developed tumors. Similarly, the xenografts in the walnut-fed animals grew more slowly than those ...

  9. Novel immunocytokine IL12-SS1 (Fv) inhibits mesothelioma tumor growth in nude mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Heungnam; Gao, Wei; Ho, Mitchell

    2013-01-01

    Mesothelin is a glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored glycoprotein that is highly expressed on the cell surface of malignant mesothelioma. Monoclonal antibodies against mesothelin are being evaluated for the treatment of mesothelioma. Immunocytokines represent a novel class of armed antibodies. To provide an alternative approach to current mesothelin-targeted antibody therapies, we have developed a novel immunocytokine based on interleukin-12 (IL12) and the SS1 Fv specific for mesothelin. IL12 possesses potent anti-tumor activity in a wide variety of solid tumors. The newly-developed recombinant immunocytokine, IL12-SS1 (Fv), was produced in insect cells using a baculovirus-insect cell expression system. The SS1 single-chain Fv was fused to the C terminus of the p35 subunit of IL12 through a short linker (GSADGG). The single-chain IL12-SS1 (Fv) immunocytokine bound native mesothelin proteins on malignant mesothelioma (NCI-H226) and ovarian (OVCAR-3) cells as well as recombinant mesothelin on A431/H9 cells. The immunocytokine retained sufficient bioactivity of IL12 and significantly inhibited human malignant mesothelioma (NCI-H226) grown in the peritoneal cavity of nude mice and showed comparable anti-tumor activity to that of the SS1P immunotoxin. IL12-SS1 (Fv) is the first reported immunocytokine to mesothelin-positive tumors and may be an attractive addition to mesothelin-targeted cancer therapies. PMID:24260587

  10. Novel immunocytokine IL12-SS1 (Fv inhibits mesothelioma tumor growth in nude mice.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heungnam Kim

    Full Text Available Mesothelin is a glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored glycoprotein that is highly expressed on the cell surface of malignant mesothelioma. Monoclonal antibodies against mesothelin are being evaluated for the treatment of mesothelioma. Immunocytokines represent a novel class of armed antibodies. To provide an alternative approach to current mesothelin-targeted antibody therapies, we have developed a novel immunocytokine based on interleukin-12 (IL12 and the SS1 Fv specific for mesothelin. IL12 possesses potent anti-tumor activity in a wide variety of solid tumors. The newly-developed recombinant immunocytokine, IL12-SS1 (Fv, was produced in insect cells using a baculovirus-insect cell expression system. The SS1 single-chain Fv was fused to the C terminus of the p35 subunit of IL12 through a short linker (GSADGG. The single-chain IL12-SS1 (Fv immunocytokine bound native mesothelin proteins on malignant mesothelioma (NCI-H226 and ovarian (OVCAR-3 cells as well as recombinant mesothelin on A431/H9 cells. The immunocytokine retained sufficient bioactivity of IL12 and significantly inhibited human malignant mesothelioma (NCI-H226 grown in the peritoneal cavity of nude mice and showed comparable anti-tumor activity to that of the SS1P immunotoxin. IL12-SS1 (Fv is the first reported immunocytokine to mesothelin-positive tumors and may be an attractive addition to mesothelin-targeted cancer therapies.

  11. Total Aglycones from Marsdenia tenacissima Increases Antitumor Efficacy of Paclitaxel in Nude Mice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rui-Jing Zhu

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Marsdeniae tenacissimae Caulis (MTC is a Chinese herbal medicine used mainly for treatment of cancer, whose pharmacologically active constituents responsible for its in vivo activity and clinical efficacy have not been clearly elucidated. In this study, total aglycones of MTC (ETA showed the ability to sensitize KB-3-1, HeLa, HepG2 and K562 cells to paclitaxel treatment. More inspiringly, ETA markedly enhanced the antitumor activity of paclitaxel in nude mice bearing HeLa or KB-3-1 xenografts. Compared to treatment with paclitaxel alone, treatment with combination of paclitaxel and ETA achieved significant reduction in volume and weight of HeLa tumors (p < 0.05, and remarkable inhibition to the growth of KB-3-1 tumors (p < 10−6. ETA was characterized by the presence of a group of tenacigenin B ester derivatives, among which four reference compounds, 11α-O-tigloyl-12β-O-acetyltenacigenin B, 11α,12β-di-O-tigloyltenacigenin B, 11α-O-2-methylbutanoyl-12β-O-tigloyltenacigenin B, and 11α-O-(2-methylbutanoyl-12β-O-benzoyltenacigenin B, accounted for 42.14% of the total peak area of 19 detectable components assayed by HPLC. Our study has identified ETA as a promising sensitizer for cancer chemotherapy.

  12. Modulation of cell cycle regulatory protein expression and suppression of tumor growth by mimosine in nude mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, H C; Weng, C F; Yen, M H; Chuang, L Y; Hung, W C

    2000-10-01

    Our previous results demonstrated that the plant amino acid mimosine blocked cell cycle progression and suppressed proliferation of human lung cancer cells in vitro by multiple mechanisms. Inhibition of cyclin D1 expression or induction of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p21WAF1 expression was found in mimosine-treated lung cancer cells. However, whether mimosine may modulate the expression of these cell cycle regulatory proteins and suppress tumor growth in vivo is unknown. In this study, we examined the anti-cancer effect of mimosine on human H226 lung cancer cells grown in nude mice. Our results demonstrated that mimosine inhibits cyclin D1 and induces p21WAF1 expression in vivo. Furthermore, results of TUNEL analysis indicated that mimosine may induce apoptosis to suppress tumor growth in nude mice. Collectively, these results suggest that mimosine exerts anti-cancer effect in vivo and might be useful in the therapy of lung cancer. PMID:10995875

  13. Comparison of characteristics of human small cell carcinoma of the lung in patients, in vitro and transplanted into nude mice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Engelholm, S A; Spang-Thomsen, M; Vindeløv, L L;

    1986-01-01

    Specimens from 24 patients with metastatic small cell carcinoma of the lung were explanted in vitro as well as transplanted directly into nude mice. A method to obtain fibroblast-free cultures is described. This method resulted in cell lines which could be grown for more than one year in 79% of the...... cases. Fifty-four % of the tumours could be established as serially transplantable tumours in nude mice. The tumours were characterized by histology, electron microscopy, DNA index, and cell cycle distribution. The in vitro cell lines were furthermore characterized by the plating efficiency and by...... doubling time. The macroscopic growth of the heterotransplanted tumours was ascribed to a transformed Gompertz function. The tumour cells preserved their light microscopic constitution of small cell carcinoma of the lung in the model systems. The heterogeneity of the original tumours was reflected in vitro...

  14. Study of angiogenesis induced by metastatic and non-metastatic liver cancer by corneal micropocket model in nude mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1999-01-01

    AIM To study the angiogenesis induced by liver cancer with different metastatic potentials using corneal micropocket model in nude mice.METHODS Corneal micropockets were created in nude mice. Tumor tissues and liver tissues were implanted into the corneal micropockets. Angiogenesis was observed using a digital camera under slit-lamp biomicroscope, and compared among different grafts and incision alone. Vascular responses were recorded in regard to the range, number and length of new blood vessels toward the grafts or incisions.RESULTS Vascular responses induced by tumor tissues were greater than those by incision alone and liver tissue grafts. LCI-D20 induced more intensive angiogenesis than LCI-D35.CONCLUSION Highly metastatic liver cancer LCI D20 was more angiogenic than low metastatic cancer LCI D35 and liver tissue. Micropocket was a useful model to study dynamic process of angiogenesis in vivo.

  15. Establishment and characterization of a new human oestradiol- and progesterone-receptor-positive mammary carcinoma serially transplantable in nude mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naundorf, H; Fichtner, I; Büttner, B; Frege, J

    1992-01-01

    A human mammary carcinoma originating from a postmenopausal patient was successfully transplanted into nude mice. According to the adopted criteria the tumour proved to be oestradiol- and progesterone-receptor-positive. Histological studies of the patient tumour revealed a ductal invasive mammary carcinoma with 80% tubular growth pattern. Following transplantation the adenoid structures decreased to 30%; the mitosis rate and grade of malignancy increased. Treatment of the nude mice with 20 micrograms oestradiol benzoate/mouse caused a loss of the oestradiol receptor of the mammary carcinoma. The mammary carcinoma 3366 can be used for testing of antineoplastic substances, antihormones and for studies in regard to down-regulation or blocking of hormone receptors and possible consequences for therapies. PMID:1400563

  16. Multimodality imaging assessments of response to metformin therapy for breast cancer in nude mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MAO Yi; XIA Rui; WANG Lei; WANG Yu-qing; GAO Fa-bao

    2013-01-01

    Background Metformin is the most widely used anti-diabetic drug in the world.An increasing body of evidence shows metformin also blocks cell cycle progression and selectively induces apoptosis via caspase activation in some breast tumor cells.Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWl) and bioluminescence imaging (BLI) have great potential in the evaluation of the early response to cancer therapies.We used DWl and BLI in evaluating the response of breast cancer to metformin.Methods The luciferase-engineered human breast cancer cell line MDA-MB-231 was inoculated into the mammary fat pad of nude mice.Twelve female nude mice bearing tumors were divided into two groups.The mice in the treatment group received metformin (2 mg/ml in drinking water daily) after tumor inoculation,and the mice in the control group were offered drinking water without any drug added.We performed 7T magnetic resonance imaging and optical imaging every week.Imaging included T1-and T2-weighted imaging,DWl,and BLI.After imaging.The tumors were collected and subjected to histological analysis.Results The mean photons/second of tumors in the treatment group was (3.00±0.43)×106 at day one,(1.01±0.14)×107 at 2 weeks,(5.79±1.42)×107 at 4 weeks,and (2.33±0.70)×107 at 8 weeks.The mean photons/second of tumors in the control group was (3.29±0.59)×106 at day one,(3.59±0.63)×107 at 2 weeks,(3.87±0.56)×108 at 4 weeks,and (4.12±1.72)x108 at 8 weeks.Compared to the control group,the treatment group showed an obvious decrease in the mean bioluminescence (photons/s) of the tumors and fewer metastases.Histological examination confirmed the presence of fewer metastases.DWI showed the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) value of the tumors; the mean ADC value was (0.9287±0.04346)x10-3 mm2/s in the treated tumors and (0.7553±0.01804)x103 mm2/s in the untreated tumors.The ADC value of tumors in the treatment group was significantly higher than the control tumors (P=0.0013).Conclusions The growth and

  17. Surveillance of systemic trafficking of macrophages induced by UHMWPE particles in nude mice by non-invasive imaging

    OpenAIRE

    Ren, Pei-Gen; Huang, Zhinong; Ma, Ting; Biswal, Sandip; Smith, Robert L. (Robert Lee), 1955 August 21-; Goodman, Stuart B.

    2010-01-01

    Macrophages constitute a major part of the cell response to wear particles produced at articulating and non-articulating interfaces of joint replacements. This foreign body reaction can result in periprosthetic osteolysis and implant loosening. We demonstrate that ultra high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) particles induce systemic trafficking of macrophages by non-invasive in vivo imaging and immunohistochemistry. The distal femora of nude mice were injected with 60 mg/ml UHMWPE suspe...

  18. Characterization of human glioblastoma cell lines in vitro and their xenografts in nude mice by DNA fingerprinting

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Türeci, O; Fischer, H; Lagoda, P; Issinger, O G

    1990-01-01

    Human gliomas were grown as permanent tissue cultures and xenografts in nude mice. DNA fingerprint patterns from two human gliomas were established using two different hypervariable multilocus probes [( GTG]5 and 33.15). In general the cell lines investigated showed an overall stability in the DNA...... fingerprint pattern. However, differences in the DNA fingerprint patterns were shown to occur depending upon the above mentioned parameters....

  19. Preclinical evaluation of new radioligand of cholecystokinin/gastrin receptors in endocrine tumors xenograft nude mice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brillouet, S.; Caselles, O.; Dierickx, L. O.; Mestre, B.; Nalis, J.; Picard, C.; Favre, G.; Poirot, M.; Silvente-Poirot, S.; Courbon, F.

    2007-02-01

    The cholecystokinin(CCK)/gastrin 2 receptors (R-CCK2) are overexpressed in 90% of medullary thyroid cancers (MTC) and in 60% of small cell lung cancers but not or poorly in corresponding healthy tissues. They represent a relevant target for the diagnosis and internal targeted radiotherapy of these tumors. Although previous studies have demonstrated the feasibility of radiolabeled CCK/gastrin to target CCK-2 receptor-expressing tissues in animals and patients, some problems remained unsolved to identify an optimum candidate for in vivo targeting of R-CCK2-expressing tumors. By a rational approach and " in silico" drug design, we synthesized a new CCK-derivative with high affinity for the R-CCK2. The aim of this study was to achieve the radiolabeling of a new radioligand, to assess its efficacy using a published CCK radioligand ( 111In-DTPA-CCK8) as a control for the R-CCK2 targeting. This new CCK-derivative was radiolabeled with 111In. Nude mice, bearing the human MTC TT tumors and NIH-3T3 cell line expressing a tumorigenic mutant of the R-CCK2, were injected with this radiolabeled peptide. In vivo planar scintigraphies were acquired. Thereafter, biodistribution studies (%ID/g tissue) were done. The conditions of radiolabelling were optimized to obtain a radiochemical purity >90%. Scintigraphic images of xenograft mice showed significant tumor uptake with a target to nontarget ratio higher than two. These results were confirmed by the biodistribution studies which showed as expected a significant activity in the spleen, the liver and the kidneys. Therefore, this new radiolabeled compound is a promised new candidate for molecular imaging and internal radiotherapy for R-CCK2 tumor targeting.

  20. Preliminary research on dendritic cells loaded with resistant breast cancer antigens in breast cancer-bearing nude mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wei Zhuang; Limin Lun

    2015-01-01

    Objective The aim of the study was to investigate the inhibitory ef ects of dendritic cel s (DCs) loaded with resistant breast cancer antigens on breast cancer in nude mice. Methods A single-cel suspension was prepared from a primary breast cancer and chemotherapeutic drugs were screened using the ATP-PCA susceptibility testing system. Cancer cel s were treated with 1/10 × IC50, 1/5 × IC50, 1/2 × IC50, 1 × IC50, and 2 × IC50 medium until their growth became steady in the 2 × IC50 medium. Peripheral blood mononuclear cel s (PBMCs) were obtained from the peripheral blood of patients with leukapheresis. The obtained adherent cel s were induced by granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimu-lating factor (GM-CSF) and interleukin-4 (IL-4) to generate DCs, which carried resistant strain cel lysis compounds or non-treated cancer cel lysis compounds. The former mature DCs carried resistant breast tumor antigens. A breast tumor-bearing nude mouse model was established with these resistant strains and the mice were randomly divided in three groups. The mice in the treatment group were injected with DCs loaded with resistant breast cancer antigens. The control group consisted of mice injected with DCs loaded with primary tumor cel antigens and the blank group consisted of mice injected with the same volume of normal saline. Changes in the cancers were observed. Results After treatment with the ef ector cel s, the cancer volume and weight were significantly dif erent to those before treatment in every group of mice (P Conclusion DCs loaded with resistant breast cancer antigens demonstrated a significant inhibition ef ect on the cancers of breast tumor-bearing nude mice.

  1. Alphastatin downregulates vascular endothelial cells sphingosine kinase activity and suppresses tumor growth in nude mice bearing human gastric cancer xenografts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lin Chen; Tao Li; Rong Li; Bo Wei; Zheng Peng

    2006-01-01

    AIM: To investigate whether alphastatin could inhibit human gastric cancer growth and furthermore whether sphingosine kinase (SPK) activity is involved in this process.METHODS: Using migration assay, MTT assay and Matrigel assay, the effect of alphastatin on vascular endothelial cells (ECs) was evaluated in vitro. SPK and endothelial differentiation gene (EDG)-1, -3, -5 mRNAs were detected by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). SPK activity assay was used to evaluate the effect of alphastatin on ECs. Matrigel plug assay in nude mice was used to investigate the effect of alphastatin on angiogenesis in vivo. Female nude mice were subcutaneously implanted with human gastric cancer cells (BGC823) for the tumor xenografts studies.Micro vessel density was analyzed in Factor Ⅷ-stained tumor sections by the immunohistochemical SP method.RESULTS: In vitro, alphastatin inhibited the migration and tube formation of ECs, but had no effect on proliferation of ECs. RT-PCR analysis demonstrated that ECs expressed SPK and EDG-1, -3, -5 mRNAs. In vivo,alphastatin sufficiently suppressed neovascularization of the tumor in the nude mice. Daily administration of alphastatin produced significant tumor growth suppression. Immunohistochemical studies of tumor tissues revealed decreased micro vessel density in alphastatin-treated animals as compared with controls.CONCLUSION: Downregulating ECs SPK activity may be one of the mechanisms that alphastatin inhibits gastric cancer angiogenesis. Alphastatin might be a useful and relatively nontoxic adjuvant therapy in the treatment of gastric cancer.

  2. Scaffold-Free Coculture Spheroids of Human Colonic Adenocarcinoma Cells and Normal Colonic Fibroblasts Promote Tumorigenicity in Nude Mice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jong-il Park

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to form a scaffold-free coculture spheroid model of colonic adenocarcinoma cells (CACs and normal colonic fibroblasts (NCFs and to use the spheroids to investigate the role of NCFs in the tumorigenicity of CACs in nude mice. We analysed three-dimensional (3D scaffold-free coculture spheroids of CACs and NCFs. CAC Matrigel invasion assays and tumorigenicity assays in nude mice were performed to examine the effect of NCFs on CAC invasive behaviour and tumorigenicity in 3D spheroids. We investigated the expression pattern of fibroblast activation protein-α (FAP-α by immunohistochemical staining. CAC monocultures did not form densely-packed 3D spheroids, whereas cocultured CACs and NCFs formed 3D spheroids. The 3D coculture spheroids seeded on a Matrigel extracellular matrix showed higher CAC invasiveness compared to CACs alone or CACs and NCFs in suspension. 3D spheroids injected into nude mice generated more and faster-growing tumors compared to CACs alone or mixed suspensions consisting of CACs and NCFs. FAP-α was expressed in NCFs-CACs cocultures and xenograft tumors, whereas monocultures of NCFs or CACs were negative for FAP-α expression. Our findings provide evidence that the interaction between CACs and NCFs is essential for the tumorigenicity of cancer cells as well as for tumor propagation.

  3. Imaging of HER2/neu-positive BT-474 human breast cancer xenografts in athymic mice using {sup 111}In-trastuzumab (Herceptin) Fab fragments

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tang Ying [Division of Nuclear Medicine, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, M5G 2C4 (Canada); Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, M5S 2S2 (Canada); Wang, Judy [Division of Nuclear Medicine, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, M5G 2C4 (Canada); Scollard, Deborah A. [Division of Nuclear Medicine, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, M5G 2C4 (Canada); Mondal, Hridya [Division of Nuclear Medicine, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, M5G 2C4 (Canada); Holloway, Claire [Sunnybrook and Women' s College Health Sciences Center, Toronto, Ontario, M4N 3M5 (Canada); Kahn, Harriette J. [Sunnybrook and Women' s College Health Sciences Center, Toronto, Ontario, M4N 3M5 (Canada); Reilly, Raymond M. [Division of Nuclear Medicine, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, M5G 2C4 (Canada) and Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, M5S 2S2 (Canada) and Department of Medical Imaging, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, M5S 3E2 (Canada)]. E-mail: raymond.reilly@utoronto.ca

    2005-01-01

    Trastuzumab (Herceptin) Fab were prepared by digestion of intact IgG with immobilized papain, derivatized with diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA) and radiolabeled with {sup 111}In. The dissociation constant (K{sub d}) for binding of Fab to HER2/neu-positive SK-BR-3 human breast cancer cells was two- to threefold higher than for intact IgG (14-36 vs. 8-14 nM). The binding affinity was not significantly decreased after DTPA derivatization (K{sub d}=47 nM). {sup 111}In-trastuzumab Fab localized specifically in HER2/neu-positive BT-474 human breast cancer xenografts in athymic mice with tumor uptake of 7.8{+-}0.7% injected dose (ID)/g and tumor/blood ratio of 25.2{+-}1.6 at 72 h postinjection compared with 2.7{+-}0.7% ID/g and 7.0{+-}0.9 for {sup 111}In-HuM195 anti-CD33 Fab (significantly different, P<.001). Small (3-5 mm in diameter) BT-474 tumors were imaged with {sup 111}In-trastuzumab Fab as early as 24 h postinjection.

  4. Pharmacokinetics of 99m Tc-EDDA/HYNIC-Lys-D-Phe-RGD in athymic mice with induced malignant tumors for integrin imaging

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Nuclear medicine imaging techniques are non-invasive and monitor the spatiotemporal distribution of molecular events. Radiolabeled RGD-peptides are currently investigated to target integrin receptors for in vivo tumor imaging. The αvβ3 integrin is a target structure involved in the angio genesis process which mediates the binding to extracellular matrix via different proteins such as vitronectin, fibronectin and von Willebrand factor. The aim of this research was to prepare [99mTc]-Lys-D-Phe-RGD and to evaluate its pharmacokinetics in athymic mice with three different induced malignant tumors. Tumor uptake values of 99mTc-Lys-D-Phe-RGD labeled via HYNIC and EDDA showed good ability to target αvβ3 integrin receptors in the three different kinds of tumors (breast, prostate and neuroendocrine). A high in vivo stability and favorable pharmacokinetic properties such as fast blood clearance, rapid renal excretion, low liver and muscle uptake and low intestinal excretion were observed. This study demonstrated that 99mTc-EDDA/HYNIC-Lys-D-Phe-RGD is a specific and potential radiopharmaceutical to image αvβ3 integrin receptors in a variety of tumors. (Author)

  5. Thyrotropin dependent and independent thyroid cell lines selected from FRTL-5 derived tumors grown in nude mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    FRTL-5 cells were used to set up a thyroid tumor model system in C3H nu/nu mice. FRTL-5 tumors could be grown in nude mice provided serum TSH levels were elevated. Persistent TSH elevation was obtained by administration of Na131I, rendering the mice hypothyroid. After 4 weeks FRTL-5 cells were injected sc resulting in tumor growth within 2 weeks in eight out of eight mice. Although the tumors showed an apparently undifferentiated histology, lacking normal follicular structures, they were functional since the tumors were capable of concentrating [131]iodine, as demonstrated by nuclear imaging. From one of the tumors a new cell line was isolated (FRTL-5/T) that, like the parental FRTL-5 cell line, was TSH dependent for growth. In a control group of six euthyroid nude mice FRTL-5 tumor growth could not be obtained with one exception. After 3 months one animal developed a small tumor that grew rapidly thereafter. This tumor was easily transplantable in other euthyroid nude mice, showed an undifferentiated histology, and was nonfunctional, as it could not concentrate [131]iodine. From this tumor two cell lines were derived: one cultured in the presence of TSH (FRTL-5/TP) and one in the absence of TSH (FRTL-5/TA). The cell lines were analyzed for TSH responsive functions and TSH receptor expression. Responsiveness to TSH in FRTL-5/T and the parental FRTL-5 cell line were similar for most thyroid specific functions tested. However, FRTL-5/T was less sensitive than FRTL-5 for TSH induced [3H]thymidine incorporation. Both cell lines had two classes of TSH binding sites with high and low affinity respectively. FRTL-5/TP and FRTL-5/TA were both able to grow in TSH free medium and were nonresponsive to TSH in vitro, as tested for [3H]thymidine and [3H]uridine incorporation, iodine uptake, thyroglobulin iodination, and thyroglobulin secretion

  6. Thyrotropin dependent and independent thyroid cell lines selected from FRTL-5 derived tumors grown in nude mice

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ossendorp, F.A.; Bruning, P.F.; Schuuring, E.M.; Van Den Brink, J.A.; van der Heide, D.; De Vijlder, J.J.; De Bruin, T.W. (Netherlands Cancer Institute, Amsterdam (Netherlands))

    1990-07-01

    FRTL-5 cells were used to set up a thyroid tumor model system in C3H nu/nu mice. FRTL-5 tumors could be grown in nude mice provided serum TSH levels were elevated. Persistent TSH elevation was obtained by administration of Na131I, rendering the mice hypothyroid. After 4 weeks FRTL-5 cells were injected sc resulting in tumor growth within 2 weeks in eight out of eight mice. Although the tumors showed an apparently undifferentiated histology, lacking normal follicular structures, they were functional since the tumors were capable of concentrating (131)iodine, as demonstrated by nuclear imaging. From one of the tumors a new cell line was isolated (FRTL-5/T) that, like the parental FRTL-5 cell line, was TSH dependent for growth. In a control group of six euthyroid nude mice FRTL-5 tumor growth could not be obtained with one exception. After 3 months one animal developed a small tumor that grew rapidly thereafter. This tumor was easily transplantable in other euthyroid nude mice, showed an undifferentiated histology, and was nonfunctional, as it could not concentrate (131)iodine. From this tumor two cell lines were derived: one cultured in the presence of TSH (FRTL-5/TP) and one in the absence of TSH (FRTL-5/TA). The cell lines were analyzed for TSH responsive functions and TSH receptor expression. Responsiveness to TSH in FRTL-5/T and the parental FRTL-5 cell line were similar for most thyroid specific functions tested. However, FRTL-5/T was less sensitive than FRTL-5 for TSH induced (3H)thymidine incorporation. Both cell lines had two classes of TSH binding sites with high and low affinity respectively. FRTL-5/TP and FRTL-5/TA were both able to grow in TSH free medium and were nonresponsive to TSH in vitro, as tested for (3H)thymidine and (3H)uridine incorporation, iodine uptake, thyroglobulin iodination, and thyroglobulin secretion.

  7. The effect of hyperbaric oxygenation on the viability of human fat injected into nude mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shoshani, O; Shupak, A; Ullmann, Y; Ramon, Y; Gilhar, A; Kehat, I; Peled, I J

    2000-11-01

    Autologous free-fat injection for the correction of soft-tissue defects has become a common procedure in plastic surgery. The main shortcoming of this method for achieving permanent soft-tissue augmentation is the partial absorption of the injected fat, an occurrence that leads to the need for both overcorrection and repeated fat reinjection. Improving the oxygenation of the injected fat has been suggested as a means of helping to overcome the initial critical phase that occurs postinjection (when the fat cells are nourished by osmosis), increasing phagocyte activity, accelerating fibroblast activity and collagen formation, and enhancing angiogenesis. In addition, the hyperbaric oxygen-mediated decrement in endothelial leukocyte adhesion will decrease cytokine release, thereby reducing edema and inflammatory responses. The purpose of the present study was to examine the effect of hyperbaric oxygenation on improving the viability of injected fat. Adipose tissue obtained from human breasts by suction-assisted lipectomy was injected into the subcuticular nuchal region in nude mice. The mice were then exposed to daily hyperbaric oxygen treatments, breathing 100% oxygen at 2 atmospheres absolute (ATA) for 90 minutes. The duration of the administered hyperbaric oxygen therapy was 5, 10, or 15 days, according to the study group. Mice exposed to normobaric air alone served as the control group, and each group included 10 animals. The rats were killed 15 weeks after fat injection. The grafts were dissected out, weight and volume were measured, and histologic evaluation was performed. In all of the study groups, at least part of the injected fat survived, giving the desired clinical outcome. No significant differences could be found between the groups regarding fat weight and volume. Histopathologic examination of the dissected grafts demonstrated a significantly better integrity of the fat tissue in the group that received hyperbaric oxygen for 5 days (p = 0.047). This

  8. Experimental chemo- and radio-therapy on human cholangiocarcinoma transplanted to nude mice

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kubota, T.; Hanatani, Y.; Yamada, Y.; Tsuyuki, K.; Nakada, M. (Keio Univ., Tokyo (Japan). School of Medicine)

    1981-06-01

    A human cholangiocarcinoma, Ch-1, serially transplanted to nude mice was used for experimental chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and combination chemoradiotherapy. In the group of chemotherapy with single drug, Mitomycin C (MMC) revealed greater effectiveness than Adriamycin in terms of tumor regression, histological findings, and minor side effects. MMC and radiotherapy by Linac X-ray showed exponential linear dose response curve against tumor weight. Their effects were equivalent at doses of MMC 1 mg/kg and radiation 1,000 rads/mouse in the changes of tumor weight and of histological findings which were similar to each other. Combination chemoradiotherapy showed the synergistic action when the radiation (500 rads/mouse) was performed before MMC (0.5 mg/kg) administration, whereas only the additive effect was observed when the sequence was reversed. The cell kinetic analysis was performed by the impulse cytophotometry, /sup 3/H-thymidine uptake labeling index (L.I.), and mitotic (M.I.) on 24 and 48 hrs. after MMC (0.5 mg/kg) and radiation (500 rads/mouse). By MMC and radiation, 4 n cells increased with the decrease of 2 n cells. And this change was remarkable in radiation than MMC. L.I. was depressed almost 10% on 24 hrs. after MMC and radiation. Although M.I. was depressed slightly by MMC, it was stable after radiation. From these findings the recruitment of cells from G/sub 1/ to G/sub 2/M and the G/sub 2/ block by MMC and radiation was suggested. As these changes were more remarkable by radiation, the combination chemoradiotherapy was thought to be more effective when the radiation was performed before MMC administration.

  9. Experimental chemo- and radio-therapy on human cholangiocarcinoma transplanted to nude mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A human cholangiocarcinoma, Ch-1, serially transplanted to nude mice was used for experimental chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and conbination chemoradiotherapy. In the group of chemotherapy with single drug, Mitomycin C (MMC) revealed greater effectiveness than Adriamycin in terms of tumor regression, histological findings, and minor side effects. MMC and radiotherapy by Linac X-ray showed exponential linear dose response curve against tumor weight. Their effects were equivalent at doses of MMC 1 mg/kg and radiation 1,000 rads/mouse in the changes of tumor weight and of histological findings which were similar to each other. Combination chemoradiotherapy showed the synergistic action when the radiation (500 rads/mouse) was performed before MMC (0.5 mg/kg) administration, whereas only the additive effect was observed when the sequence was reversed. The cell kinetic analysis was performed by the impulse cytophotometry, 3H-thymidine uptake labeling index (L.I.), and mitotic (M.I.) on 24 and 48 hrs. after MMC (0.5 mg/kg) and radiation (500 rads/mouse). By MMC and radiation, 4 n cells increased with the decrease of 2 n cells. And this change was remarkable in radiation than MMC. L.I. was depressed almost 10% on 24 hrs. after MMC and radiation. Although M.I. was depressed slightly by MMC, it was stable after radiation. From these findings the recruitment of cells from G1 to G2M and the G2 block by MMC and radiation was suggested. As these changes were more remarkable by radiation, the combination chemoradiotherapy was thought to be more effective when the radiation was performed before MMC administration. (author)

  10. Synergistic effect of cisplatin and synchrotron irradiation on F98 gliomas growing in nude mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Synchrotron photoactivation therapy of cisplatin relies on a synergistic effect of synchrotron X-rays and platinum and leads to tumor-cell-killing effects and reduction of the tumor blood perfusion. Among brain tumors, glioblastoma multiforme appears as one of the most aggressive forms of cancer with poor prognosis and no curative treatment available. Recently, a new kind of radio-chemotherapy has been developed using synchrotron irradiation for the photoactivation of molecules with high-Z elements such as cisplatin (PAT-Plat). This protocol showed a cure of 33% of rats bearing the F98 glioma but the efficiency of the treatment was only measured in terms of overall survival. Here, characterization of the effects of the PAT-Plat on tumor volume and tumor blood perfusion are proposed. Changes in these parameters may predict the overall survival. Firstly, changes in tumor growth of the F98 glioma implanted in the hindlimb of nude mice after the PAT-Plat treatment and its different modalities have been characterized. Secondly, the effects of the treatment on tumor blood perfusion have been observed by intravital two-photon microscopy. Cisplatin alone had no detectable effect on the tumor volume. A reduction of tumor growth was measured after a 15 Gy synchrotron irradiation, but the whole therapy (15 Gy irradiation + cisplatin) showed the largest decrease in tumor growth, indicating a synergistic effect of both synchrotron irradiation and cisplatin treatment. A high number of unperfused vessels (52%) were observed in the peritumoral area in comparison with untreated controls. In the PAT-Plat protocol the transient tumor growth reduction may be due to synergistic interactions of tumor-cell-killing effects and reduction of the tumor blood perfusion

  11. Synergistic effect of cisplatin and synchrotron irradiation on F98 gliomas growing in nude mice

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ricard, Clement; Fernandez, Manuel [Grenoble Institut des Neurosciences, Grenoble (France); Université Joseph Fourier, Grenoble (France); Requardt, Herwig [European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, Grenoble (France); Wion, Didier [Grenoble Institut des Neurosciences, Grenoble (France); Université Joseph Fourier, Grenoble (France); Vial, Jean-Claude [Université Joseph Fourier, Grenoble (France); Laboratoire Interdisciplinaire de Physique, St Martin d’Hères (France); Segebarth, Christoph; Sanden, Boudewijn van der, E-mail: boudewijn.vandersanden@ujf-grenoble.fr [Grenoble Institut des Neurosciences, Grenoble (France); Université Joseph Fourier, Grenoble (France)

    2013-09-01

    Synchrotron photoactivation therapy of cisplatin relies on a synergistic effect of synchrotron X-rays and platinum and leads to tumor-cell-killing effects and reduction of the tumor blood perfusion. Among brain tumors, glioblastoma multiforme appears as one of the most aggressive forms of cancer with poor prognosis and no curative treatment available. Recently, a new kind of radio-chemotherapy has been developed using synchrotron irradiation for the photoactivation of molecules with high-Z elements such as cisplatin (PAT-Plat). This protocol showed a cure of 33% of rats bearing the F98 glioma but the efficiency of the treatment was only measured in terms of overall survival. Here, characterization of the effects of the PAT-Plat on tumor volume and tumor blood perfusion are proposed. Changes in these parameters may predict the overall survival. Firstly, changes in tumor growth of the F98 glioma implanted in the hindlimb of nude mice after the PAT-Plat treatment and its different modalities have been characterized. Secondly, the effects of the treatment on tumor blood perfusion have been observed by intravital two-photon microscopy. Cisplatin alone had no detectable effect on the tumor volume. A reduction of tumor growth was measured after a 15 Gy synchrotron irradiation, but the whole therapy (15 Gy irradiation + cisplatin) showed the largest decrease in tumor growth, indicating a synergistic effect of both synchrotron irradiation and cisplatin treatment. A high number of unperfused vessels (52%) were observed in the peritumoral area in comparison with untreated controls. In the PAT-Plat protocol the transient tumor growth reduction may be due to synergistic interactions of tumor-cell-killing effects and reduction of the tumor blood perfusion.

  12. Multimodality imaging of 131I uptake in nude mice thyroid based on Cerenkov radiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To perform the multimodality 131I thyroid imaging using Cerenkov luminescence tomography (CLT) and gamma imaging, and to compare the results of CLT and gamma imaging. Methods The nude mice (n=4, mass: (21 ±3) g) were injected with 1.67 ×107 Bq 131I. CLT and gamma imaging were acquired at 0.5, 3, 12 and 24 h after the injection. Three-dimensional biodistribution of 131I uptake in thyroid was reconstructed using Cerenkov source reconstruction method based on the diffusion equation (DE), and the reconstructed power of 131I in different acquisition time points was obtained. Additionally, the ROIs were drawn over the gamma images of the mouse neck, and the counts were read. The correlation between the reconstructed power of CLT and gamma ray counts of gamma imaging was analyzed. Results: The power of 131I uptake in thyroid at 0.5, 3, 12 and 24 h were 7.80 ×10-13, 1.62×10-12, 2.20×10-12 and 2.68 × 10-12 W, respectively. CLT results showed that reconstructed power increased with the increasing of acquisition time. Gamma imaging results indicated that 131I uptake decreased in abdomen and increased in thyroid with the collection time. The results of CLT were consistent with that of gamma imaging (r2=0.7620, P<0.05). Conclusion: CLT has the potential to identify and monitor functioning thyroid tissue at before and (or) after 131I treatment. (authors)

  13. Adaptation and possible attenuation of Theileria parva-infected cells grown in irradiated mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Theileria parva-infected bovine lymphoid cells were taken from 8 cattle immediately after death from East Coast fever (ECF). Cells were inoculated into groups of irradiated Swiss and athymic nude mice. The irradiated mice were exposed to 800 rad doses from a 60Co source. Cells became established in one group of Swiss mice and 2 groups of athymic mice. Development of cells in mice only occurred if cells concurrently established in culture; when establishment in culture was delayed, cells failed to develop in mice. Cells from one of the isolates in athymic mice were passaged 6 times through further mice. On inoculation of these mouse-passaged cells into cattle, the animals underwent mild reactions and subsequently resisted a lethal ECF challenge. The possibility of vaccinating cattle aginst ECF by means of mouse passaged cells merits further study. (author)

  14. Transplantation of Human Umbilical Cord Blood-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells or Their Conditioned Medium Prevents Bone Loss in Ovariectomized Nude Mice

    OpenAIRE

    An, Jee Hyun; Park, Hyojung; Song, Jung Ah; Ki, Kyung Ho; Yang, Jae-Yeon; Choi, Hyung Jin; Cho, Sun Wook; Kim, Sang Wan; Kim, Seong Yeon; Yoo, Jeong Joon; Baek, Wook-Young; Kim, Jung-Eun; Choi, Soo Jin; Oh, Wonil; Shin, Chan Soo

    2013-01-01

    Umbilical cord blood (UCB) has recently been recognized as a new source of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) for use in stem cell therapy. We studied the effects of systemic injection of human UCB-MSCs and their conditioned medium (CM) on ovariectomy (OVX)-induced bone loss in nude mice. Ten-week-old female nude mice were divided into six groups: Sham-operated mice treated with vehicle (Sham-Vehicle), OVX mice subjected to UCB-MSCs (OVX-MSC), or human dermal fibroblast (OVX-DFB) transplantation, ...

  15. Epidermal growth factor inhibits radioiodine uptake but stimulates deoxyribonucleic acid synthesis in newborn rat thyroids grown in nude mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We have studied the effect of altering the level of circulating epidermal growth factor (EGF) on the function and growth of newborn rat thyroids transplanted into nude mice. Preliminary studies confirmed that sialoadenectomy reduced circulating EGF levels in nude mice (from 0.17 +/- 0.02 to 0.09 +/- 0.02 ng/ml), and that ip injection of 5 micrograms EGF raised EGF levels (the peak level of 91.7 +/- 3.3 ng/ml was achieved at 30 min, with a subsequent half-life of about 1 h). The radioiodine uptake by newborn rat thyroid transplants in the sialoadenectomized and sham-operated animals correlated inversely with the circulating EGF levels determined when the mice were killed (r = -0.99). Low-dose TSH treatment (0.1 microU/day) generally stimulated the radioiodine uptake, but high-dose TSH groups (100 microU/day) were not significantly different from the control group. The 5-day nuclear [3H]thymidine labeling index was 6.8 +/- 0.5% IN newborn rat thyroid transplants grown in sialoadenectomized animals, 13.1 +/- 0.3% in sham-operated animals, and 16.8 +/- 0.5% in nude mice receiving 5 micrograms EGF ip daily. In general, both low-dose and high-dose TSH promoted DNA synthesis under low EGF conditions but were ineffective in the presence of higher levels of EGF. Adult rat thyroid transplants showed no significant responses. Although sialoadenectomy may alter other factors besides EGF, it appears that changes in the levels of circulating EGF within the physiological range affect the function and growth of newborn rat thyroid transplants. Circulating EGF may play a role in thyroid maturation and may also be involved in the regulation of thyroid function throughout life

  16. Radiobiological parameters of four glioblastoma compared to four other histological types of human tumor xenografts in nude mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose/Objective: Glioblastoma Multiforme (GBM) is a highly malignant tumor of the central nervous system with aggressive biological behavior and a fatal clinical outcome. Several radiobiological parameters might contribute to these poor results. In this study, we investigated seventeen biological parameters of four GBM xenografts and compared the results with four other histological types of human tumor xenografts in nude mice. Methods and Materials: Most of the xenografts retained the individual histological features of their original tumor types. Four GBM xenografts (U87, HP555, MMC1 and HGL21), two squamous cell carcinomas (SCC21 and FaDu), one soft tissue sarcoma (STS26T), and colon cancer (HCT15) xenografts were used. The tumors were implanted in the hindleg of 5-6 Gy WBI nude mice. The following parameters were investigated for most of the xenografts: fractionated TCD50 (the dose of radiation which controls 50% of the tumors) using 30 fractions in 15 days. The parameters pO2, IFP (interstitial fluid pressure), Tpot, SF2 (plastic and Courtenay), PE (plating efficiency), D0, GSH, TCD50 single dose in oxic and hypoxic conditions, the rate of metastasis in SCID mice, VDT (volume doubling time), spontaneous apoptosis, induced apoptosis after 30 and 60 Gy and p53 over-expression. Results: Using the t-test, there was a significantly less spontaneous apoptosis in GBM xenografts when compared with the other histological types. However, no significant difference was found between both groups of xenografts in the remaining biological parameters investigated. Conclusion: These data demonstrate that, with the exception of spontaneous apoptosis, no significant difference was found in fifteen biological parameters between GBM xenografts and the other histological types implanted into the subcutaneous tissue of nude mice. The data suggests that the classical radiobiological parameters cannot explain the poor response of GBM to radiation. Supported by NCI Grant CA13311

  17. Failure-to-thrive syndrome associated with tumor formation by Madin-Darby canine kidney cells in newborn nude mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brinster, Lauren R; Omeir, Romelda L; Foseh, Gideon S; Macauley, Juliete N; Snoy, Philip J; Beren, Joel J; Teferedegne, Belete; Peden, Keith; Lewis, Andrew M

    2013-08-01

    Tumors that formed in newborn nude mice that were inoculated with 10(7) Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells were associated with a failure-to-thrive (FTT) syndrome consisting of growth retardation, lethargy, weakness, and dehydration. Scoliosis developed in 41% of affected pups. Pups were symptomatic by week 2; severely affected pups became moribund and required euthanasia within 3 to 4 wk. Mice with FTT were classified into categories of mild, moderate, and severe disease by comparing their weight with that of age-matched normal nude mice. The MDCK-induced tumors were adenocarcinomas that invaded adjacent muscle, connective tissue, and bone; 6 of the 26 pups examined had lung metastases. The induction of FTT did not correlate with cell-line aggressiveness as estimated by histopathology or the efficiency of tumor formation (tumor-forming dose 50% endpoint range = 10(2.8) to 10(7.5)); however, tumor invasion of the paravertebral muscles likely contributed to the scoliosis noted. In contrast to the effect of MDCK cells, tumor formation observed in newborn mice inoculated with highly tumorigenic, human-tumor-derived cell lines was not associated with FTT development. We suggest that tumor formation and FTT are characteristics of these MDCK cell inocula and that FTT represents a new syndrome that may be similar to the cachexia that develops in humans with cancer or other diseases. PMID:24209967

  18. 不同化疗方案对MCF-7乳腺癌荷瘤裸鼠的抑瘤作用及对PCNA表达的影响%The effects of various chemotherapy regimens on the expression of PCNA and human breast cancer xenograft (MCF-7) transplanted in nude mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the antitumor activity of different combination regimens to human breast cancer xenograft (MCF-7) transplanted in nude mice and the effects on the expression of PCNA, and to evaluate the value of PCNA as predictive factor for the response of chemotherapy and individualized treatment. Methods: (1) 88 nude mice models of human breast cancer xenograft (MCF-7) were established, and then were randomly divided into control group and 10 chemotherapy groups (each group, n = 8). Among them, the mice of 5 chemotherapy groups were treated intraperitoneally/orally by 5 combination chemotherapy regimens (CMF, CAF, NP, TP, Xeloda) respectively at 1/3 LD10 dosage schedule (dose lethal to 10%of the mice), and that in another 5 chemotherapy groups were treated at 2/3 LD10 dosage schedule. Control animals were administered intraperitoneally with normal saline. (2) The body weight of nude mice and transplanted tumor growth were observed and recorded, then inhibition rate of tumor growth was calculated. (3) The pathological features of transplanted tumor were studied under microscope. The expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) was comparatively studied in chemotherapy group and control group by SP immunohistochemical method and flow cytometry analysis. Results: (1) Body weight, tumor weight and inhibition rate of tumor growth of athymic mice bearing cancer: Body weights and tumor weights of nude mice in every 2/3 LD10 chemotherapy group were significantly lower than those of the control group (P < 0.05), and the inhibition rates of tumor growth were 83.1%, 75.5%, 84.6%, 87.9% and 91.0%, respectively. Body weights of athymic mice in every 1/3 LD10 chemotherapy group were lower than that of the control (P < 0.05). The results showed that the 2/3 LD10chemotherapy groups could reflect the effect of combination chemotherapy on the nude mice and the clinical dependability was better. So the data of 2/3 LD10 chemotherapy groups were appropriated

  19. Effects and possible anti-tumor immunity of electrochemotherapy with bleomycin on human colon cancer xenografts in nude mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Min-Hua Zheng; Bao-Ming Yu; Bo Feng; Jian-Wen Li; Ai-Guo Lu; Ming-Liang Wang; Wei-Guo Hu; Ji-Yuan Sun; Yan-Yan Hu; Jun-Jun Ma

    2005-01-01

    AIM: To evaluate the anti-tumor effects and possible involvement of anti-tumor immunity of electrochemotherapy (ECT) employing electroporation and bleomycin in human colon cancer xenografts in nude mice, and to establish the experimental basis for clinical application of ECT.METHODS: Forty nude mice, inoculated subcutaneously human colon cancer cell line LoVo for 3 wk, were allocated randomly into four groups: B+E+ (ECT), B+E- (administration of bleomycin alone), B-E+ (administration of electric pulses alone), and B-E- (no treatment). Tumor volumes were measured daily. The animals were killed on the 7th d, the weights of xenografts were measured, and histologies of tumors were evaluated. Cytotoxicity of spleen natural killer (NK) and lymphokine-activated killer (LAK) cells was then assessed by lactic dehydrogenase release assay.RESULTS: The mean tumor volume of group B+E+ was statistically different from the other three groups after the treatment (F= 36.80, P<0.01). There was one case of complete response, seven cases of partial response (PR) in group B+E+, one case of PR in group B+E- and group B-E+ respectively, and no response was observed in group B-E-. The difference of response between group B+E+ and the other three groups was statistically significant (χ2 = 25.67, P<0.01). Histologically, extensive necrosis of tumor cells with considerable vascular damage and inflammatory cells infiltration were observed in group B+E+. There was no statistical difference between the cytotoxicity of NK and LAK cells in the four treatment groups.CONCLUSION: ECT significantly enhances the chemosensitivity and effects of chemotherapy in human colon cancer xenografts in nude mice, and could be a kind of novel treatment modality for human colon cancer.The generation of T-cell-dependent, tumor-specific immunity might be involved in the process of ECT.

  20. Immunoscintigraphy of human neuroblastoma xenografted in nude mice using a panel of 125I-labelled monoclonal antibodies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Neuroblastoma is the most frequent tumour of the childhood under the age of 5. The staging and the follow up are achieved by MIBG scintigraphy, considered as the method of reference, but sometimes difficult to interpret. The availability of monoclonal antibodies against the ganglioside GD2, expressed on the cell membrane of neuroblastoma and neuro-endocrine cancers offers novel tools that deserve to be carefully explored. We investigated four mouse monoclonal antibodies (3 lgG3: BW704, 7A4, 60C3, and the lgG1 variant of BW704: MAK704), on nude mice xenografted with a human neuroblastoma (REM). Sixty one nude mice were included. The three former MAbs provided tumour imaging, the best results being obtained with BW704, followed by 7A4 and 60C3. MAK704 was disappointing. A control antiphosphorylcholine antibody (P51-1) did not give any tumour image in the three tested mice. Scintigraphy ratios tumour/liver and tumour/muscle reached 20 and 100 with BW704, respectively, on the 10th day. Good imaging quality was already obtained from the 24th h. The tumour uptake, calculated from radioactivity countings of resected samples, reached 22 ± 3% of injected dose per gram. These results let us hope that these antibodies could also provide highly contrasted images in humans and could open the way for therapeutic applications. (authors). 18 refs., 6 figs., 1 tab

  1. Interaction between three subpopulations of Ehrlich carcinoma in mixed solid tumours in nude mice: evidence of contact domination

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aabo, K; Vindeløv, L L; Spang-Thomsen, M

    1994-01-01

    Clonal interaction between three subpopulations of Ehrlich carcinoma were studied during growth as mixed solid tumours and as ascites tumours in immune-incompetent nude NMRI mice. The tumour cell lines differed in DNA content as determined by DNA flow cytometry (FCM). Tumour growth was evaluated ...... line had no dominating effect on the E1.15 or E1.95. It is concluded that non-immunologically mediated cellular dominance in heterogeneous tumours may contribute to the evolution of these tumours and may be involved in fundamental tumour biological phenomena....

  2. Establishing the Nude Mice Bone Metastasis Model of Lung Adenocarcinoma and Applying MicroCT into the Observation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yongqi CUI

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Background and objective 50%-70% of patients with advanced lung cancer will develop bone metastases. The aim of this study is to establish the nude mice bone metastasis model of lung adenocarcinoma using A549, H1299, SPC-A-1 and XL-2, all of which own different invasion and migration abilities in vitro and supervise the bone metastases by MicroCT. Methods fifty BALB/C-nu/nu nude mice were grouped into five groups on average randomly. Cells of the four cell lines were injected into the left cardiac ventricle of mice in the four experimental groups (0.2 mL/mouse respectively; meanwhile, mice in the control group were injected with normal saline (0.2 mL/mouse in the same manner. Periodical radiological examination was carried out to supervise the variation of the mice since the second week after injection. When mice in each group became thin obviously, end the experiment of this group. Before the end, pathological sections of bone tissues were made. We classified the bone metastatic sites into axial skeleton and limb bone, in order to compare the metastatic rates of these two different parts. The bone metastatic abilities of the four cell lines was statistically analyzed by comparing the average time cost in the appearance of bone metastases and the percentage of bone metastases among the experimental groups. Results Different metastatic sites which had been identified both by MicroCT and pathological sections appeared in each group of the four experimental groups. By contrast, no metastasis was observed in the control group. The percentage of cancer metastasizing to axial skeleton was remarkably higher than the percentage of tumor metastasizing to the limb bone in each experimental group, which was consistent with the clinical regularity and characteristics of skeletal metastases with lung cancer. Thus, the model has been established triumphantly. However, there were no statistical differences in the average time consumed and skeletal metastatic

  3. Combination of 13-Cis Retinoic Acid and Lovastatin: Marked Antitumor Potential In Vivo in a Pheochromocytoma Allograft Model in Female Athymic Nude Mice

    OpenAIRE

    Nölting, Svenja; Giubellino, Alessio; Tayem, Yasin; Young, Karen; Lauseker, Michael; Bullova, Petra; Schovanek, Jan; Anver, Miriam; Fliedner, Stephanie; Korbonits, Márta; Göke, Burkhard; Vlotides, George; Grossman, Ashley; Pacak, Karel

    2014-01-01

    Currently, there are no reliably effective therapeutic options for metastatic pheochromocytoma (PCC) and paraganglioma. Moreover, there are no therapies that may prevent the onset or progression of tumors in patients with succinate dehydrogenase type B mutations, which are associated with very aggressive tumors. Therefore, we tested the approved and well-tolerated drugs lovastatin and 13-cis-retinoic acid (13cRA) in vitro in an aggressive PCC mouse cell line, mouse tumor tissue-derived (MTT) ...

  4. Immunoscintigraphy of human tumors transplanted in nude mice with radiolabeled anti-ras p21 monoclonal antibodies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anti-ras p21 monoclonal antibody (RASK-3) was used for immunoscintigraphy of human cancer cell lines in nude mice. Iodine-125-labeled RASK-3 was injected into nude mice with either human colon cancers (FCC-1 or BM-314) or lung cancer (KNS-62). Clear images were obtained in all three cancers 7 days after the injection of antibody. No localization of 125I-labeled control monoclonal antibody was observed. The ratio of tissue/blood radioactivity and % ID/g in the tumor were significantly higher than other organs by Day 8. The specific localization index examined by 131I-RASK-3 and 125I-control monoclonal antibody was also higher in the tumor than in other tissues. In the in vitro study, binding of RASK-3 to tumor cells increased significantly by treatment of cells with either lysolecithin or periodate-lysine-paraformaldehyde, which confirmed the intracellular localization of ras p21. The mechanism by which anti-ras p21 antibodies accumulate in tumor sites could be the necrotic changes in tumor cells or changes in membrane permeability of non-necrotic cells. These results provide a strong rationale for the utilization of ras p21 as a target antigen in the imaging of a variety of human cancers

  5. Clonal evolution demonstrated by flow cytometric DNA analysis of a human colonic carcinoma grown in nude mice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vindeløv, L L; Spang-Thomsen, M; Visfeldt, J;

    1982-01-01

    A spontaneous change in DNA content of a human colonic carcinoma grown in nude mice was observed fortuitously. The tumor initially had a G1 cell DNA content of 1.3 times that of normal cells. Flow cytometric DNA analysis showed in transplant generation 56 the appearance of a new subpopulation whi...... evolution of a tumor would be less pronounced if old subpopulations often become extinct as new ones emerge. Heterogeneity of human tumors is of clinical importance because the individual subpopulations may have different sensitivity patterns to antineoplastic drugs.......A spontaneous change in DNA content of a human colonic carcinoma grown in nude mice was observed fortuitously. The tumor initially had a G1 cell DNA content of 1.3 times that of normal cells. Flow cytometric DNA analysis showed in transplant generation 56 the appearance of a new subpopulation which...... in three passages completely overgrew the original population. The DNA content of the new subpopulation was twice that of the original population. The observation supports the hypothesis of clonal evolution of tumor cell populations. The growth rates of the tumor before and after the change showed no...

  6. Distribution and radioimmunoimaging of 131I labeled anti-NPC monoclonal antibody BAC5 in tumor bearing nude mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To provide an evidence for clinical applications, the distribution and radioimmunoimaging of 131I labeled anti nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) monoclonal antibody BAC5 in tumor bearing nude mice were studied. McAb BAC5, against NPC, was labeled with 131I and injected into nude mice bearing NPC cell line CNE-2. The biodistribution of 131I-BAC5 and whole body ECT imaging were studied at various intervals after injection. The % ID/g were 6.38, 11.27 and 14.19 for tumor and 7.78, 3.48 and 2.59 for liver at 48, 96 and 144h postinjection respectively. The T/NT ratios were 0.82, 3.24 and 5.47 for liver at 48, 96 and 144h postinjection respectively. Tumor showed clearly at 3 days after injection. The quality of tumor images was relevant to the T/NT ratio. The results demonstrated that McAb BAC5 has specifically bind to NPC tissue and may also possess the capability of leading to human NPC

  7. A comparison of 111In- or 64Cu-DOTA-trastuzumab Fab fragments for imaging subcutaneous HER2-positive tumor xenografts in athymic mice using microSPECT/CT or microPET/CT

    OpenAIRE

    Chan, Conrad; Scollard, Deborah A; McLarty, Kristin; Smith, Serena; Reilly, Raymond M

    2011-01-01

    Background Our objective was to compare 111In- or 64Cu-DOTA-trastuzumab Fab fragments for imaging small or large s.c. tumor xenografts in athymic mice that display a wide range of human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2) expression using microSPECT/CT or microPET/CT. Methods Trastuzumab Fab were labeled with 111In or 64Cu by conjugation to 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane N, N', N'', N'''-tetraacetic acid (DOTA). The purity of 111In- and 64Cu-DOTA-trastuzumab Fab was measured by SDS-PAGE...

  8. Radioimmunoimaging of 131I-anti human colon carcinoma monoclonal antibodies in nude mice with tumor xenografts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paired labeled antibodies, 131-labeled anti-human colon carcinoma monoclonal antibody 2C10 and 125I-labeled mice IgG, were used in the radioimmunolocalization study in nude mice with human colon carcinoma xenograft. The antibodies were radioiodinated with Iodogen method, and the incroporation efficiency and immune activity of the labeled antibodies were satisfactory. 96 hours after injection of the antibodies, good tumor localization was observed. Tumor/L. intestinal ratio was 7.08, tumor/S. intestinal 6.02, tumor/muscle 7.53, tumor/blood 1.10. Tumor imaging with camera was clear. The entrance of the antibodies into tumor tissues is a slow passive process and the accumulation of the antibodies in tumor is a combined result of specific immune reactivity and nonspecific deposition

  9. Uptake of the 188Re(V)-DMSA complex by cervical carcinoma cells in nude mice: pharmacokinetics and dosimetry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The uptake of the rhenium-188 (188Re(V)-DMSA) complex of dimercaptosuccinic acid by cervical carcinoma cells in nude mice was evaluated. The pharmacokinetics and dosimetry calculations in normal rats were also evaluated. The images obtained in mice did not show significant accumulation in metabolic organs and the biodistribution studies showed that 3.52±0.76% of the injected activity per gram (n=4) was taken up by the tumor. This percentage produces a cumulated activity of 35.63±8.40 MBq h and an equivalent dose per injected activity of 260±8.91 mSv/MBq. Pharmacokinetics and dosimetry of the 188Re(V)-DMSA complex indicate that this radiopharmaceutical could be evaluated in patients with soft tissue tumors, since the risk of radiation damage to the kidney or red bone marrow could not be an obstacle for its application in therapeutic nuclear medicine

  10. Effect of antidepressants on body weight, ethology and tumor growth of human pancreatic carcinoma xenografts in nude mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the effects of mirtazapine and fluoxetine, representatives of the noradrenergic and specific serotonergic antidepressant (NaSSA) and se- lective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) antidepres- sant respectively, on body weight, ingestive behavior, locomotor activity and tumor growth of human pancre- atic carcinoma xenografts in nude mice. METHODS: A subcutaneous xenograft model of hu- man pancreatic cancer cell line SW1990 was estab- lished in nude mice. The tumor-bearing mice were ran- domly divided into mirtazapine group [10 mg/(kg'd)], (an equivalent normal saline solution) (7 mice in each group). Doses of all drugs were administered orally, once a day for 42 d. Tumor volume and body weight were measured biweekly. Food intake was recorded once a week. Locomotor activity was detected weekly using an open field test (OFT). RESULTS: Compared to the fluoxetine, mirtazapine significantly increased food intake from d 14 to 42 and attenuated the rate of weight loss from d 28 to 42 (t = 4.38, P = 10.89, P < 0.01). These effects disappeared in the mirtazapine and fluoxetine groups during 2-6 wk. The grooming activity was higher in the mirtazapine group than in the fluoxetine group (10.1 ± 2.1 vs 7.1 ± 1.9 ) (t = 2.40, P < 0.05) in the second week. There was no significant difference in tumor vol- ume and tumor weight of the three groups. CONCLUSION: Mirtazapine and fluoxetine have no effect on the growth of pancreatic tumor. However, mirtazapine can significantly increase food intake and improve nutrition compared with fluoxetine in a pan- creatic cancer mouse model.

  11. Change in expression of apoptosis genes after hyperthermia, chemotherapy and radiotherapy in human colon cancer transplanted into nude mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the change in expression of p53, Bcl-2, and Bax genes in human colon cancer cells transplanted into nude mice after hyperthermia,chemotherapy, radiotherapy, thermochemotherapy,thermoradiotherapy and thermochemoradiotherapy.METHODS: Human colon cancer cell line (HT29)was transplanted into the hind limbs of nude mice.Under laboratory simulated conditions of hyperthermia (43℃, 60 min), the actual radiation doses and doses of mitomycin C (MMC) were calculated in reference to the clinical radiotherapy for human rectal cancer and chemotherapy prescription for colon cancer. The mice were divided into 6 groups according to the treatment approaches: hyperthermia, chemotherapy,radiotherapy, thermochemotherapy, thermoradiotherapy,and thermochemoradiotherapy. The mice were sacrificed at different time points and the tumor tissue was taken for further procedures. The morphologic changes in membrane, cytoplasm and nuclei of tumor cells of p53, Bcl-2, and Bax after treatment, were observed by immunohistochemistry staining.RESULTS: All of the six treatment modalities downregulated the expression of p53, Bcl-2 and up-regulated the expression of Bax at different levels. The combined therapy of hyperthermia, with chemotherapy, and/or irradiation showed a greater effect on down-regulating the expression of p53 (0.208 ± 0.009 vs 0.155 ± 0.0115,P < 0.01) and Bcl-2 (0.086 ± 0.010 vs 0.026 ± 0.0170,P < 0.01) and up-regulating Bax expression (0.091 ±0.0013 vs 0.207 ±0.027, P < 0.01) compared with any single therapy.CONCLUSION: Hyperthermia enhances the effect of radio- and chemotherapy on tumors by changing the expression of apoptosis genes, such as p53, Bcl-2 and Bax.

  12. Combined therapeutic effect and molecular mechanisms of metformin and cisplatin in human lung cancer xenografts in nude mice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu-Qin Chen

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: This work was aimed at studying the inhibitory activity of metformin combined with the commonly used chemotherapy drug cisplatin in human lung cancer xenografts in nude mice. We also examined the combined effects of these drugs on the molecular expression of survivin, matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2, vascular endothelial growth factor-C (VEGF-C, and vascular endothelial growth factorreceptor-3 (VEGFR-3 to determine the mechanism of action and to explore the potential applications of the new effective drug therapy in lung cancer. Materials and Methods: The nude mice model of lung cancer xenografts was established, and mice were randomly divided into the metformin group, the cisplatin group, the metformin + cisplatin group, and the control group. The animals were killed 42 days after drug administration, and the tumor tissues were then sampled to detect the messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA and protein expression levels of survivin, MMP-2, VEGF-C, and VEGFR-3 by immunohistochemistry and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR. Results: The protein and mRNA expression levels of survivin, MMP-2, VEGF-C, and VEGFR-3 in the cisplatin group and the combined treatment group were lower than that in the control group (P < 0.05. In the metformin group, the expression of MMP-2 protein and mRNA was lower than that in the control group (P < 0.05. The protein and mRNA expression levels of survivin, MMP-2, VEGF-C, and VEGFR-3 in the combined treatment group were lower than that in the cisplatin group and the metformin group (P < 0.05. Conclusions: Metformin inhibited the expression of MMP-2, cisplatin and the combined treatment inhibited the expression of survivin, MMP-2, VEGF-C, and VEGFR-3, and the combined treatment of metformin with cisplatin resulted in enhanced anti-tumor efficacy.

  13. Effects of knockdown of miR-210 in combination with ionizing radiation on human hepatoma xenograft in nude mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Solid tumors usually develop local hypoxia, which renders them resilient to radiotherapy. MiR-210 is the most consistently and robustly induced miRNA under hypoxia and functions as a micro-controller of a wide range of cellular responses to hypoxia. Hence, it is important to investigate the effect of knockdown of miR-210 in tumorigenesis and evaluate the efficacy of knockdown of miR-210 in combination with radiotherapy on human tumor xenograft in nude mice. SMMC-7721 Cells with stable integration of the anti-sense miR-210 were generated through lentiviral-mediated gene transfer and were subcutaneously implanted into nude mice. Mice were monitored for tumor growth and survival after radiotherapy. MiR-210 expression in tumor tissues was assessed by real-time Reverse transcription-Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR). Protein expression of HIF-1α and miR-210 targeted genes in human hepatoma xenograft was assessed by Western blot. Tumors were analyzed for proliferation, apoptosis, and angiogenesis biomarkers by immunohistochemistry staining. Tumor growth was delayed in miR-210 downregulated xenograft. Knockdown of miR-210 increased protein expression of miR-210 targeted genes, but decreased HIF-1α protein in hepatoma xenograft. Knockdown of miR-210 in combination with radiotherapy is more effective than radiotherapy alone or miR-210 knockdown therapy alone in suppressing tumor growth and extending survival duration. Combined therapy decreased Ki-67-positive cells and CD31-positive cells and increased TUNEL-positive cells in tumor xenograft. Knockdown of miR-210 in combination with radiotherapy showed an enhanced anti-tumor effect on human hepatoma xenograft. Our experiments demonstrated specific inhibition of miR-210 expression might be a means to enhance the effectiveness of radiotherapy to human hepatoma

  14. Experimental study on ultrasound-guided intratumoral injection of "Star-99" in treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma of nude mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li-Wu Lin; Xiao-Dong Lin; Yi-Mi He; Shang-Da Gao; En-Sheng Xue

    2003-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the anti-cancer effect and the immunological mechanism of ultrasound-guided intratumoral injection of Chinese medicine "Star-99" in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) of nude mice.METHODS: Twenty-eight human hepatocellular carcinoma SMMC-7721 transplanted nude mice, 14 of hypodermically implanted and 14 of orthotopic liver transplanted, were randomly divided into three groups of which 14 mice with Star-99, and 7 with ethanol and saline respectively. Ten days after the transplantation the medicines were injected into the tumors of all the nude mice once every 5 days.After 4 injections the nude mice were killed. The diameters of three dimension of the tumors were measured by high frequency ultrasound before and after the treatment and the tumor growth indexes* (TGI) were calculated.Radioimmunoassay was used to detect the serum levels of interleukin-2 (IL-2) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha.The tumor tissues were sent for flow cytometry (FCM) DNA analysis. Apoptotic cells were visualized by TUNEL assay.All the experiments were carried out by double blind method. zRESULTS: The TGI of Star-99 group (0.076±0.024) was markedly lower than that of the saline group (4.654±1.283)(P<0.01). It also seemed to be lower than that of the ethanol group (0.082±0.028), but not significantly different (P>0.05).Serum levels of IL-2 and TNF-α were markedly higher than those of ethanol group and saline groups (P<0.05). The mean apoptotic index (AI: percentage of TUNEL signal positive cells)in Star-99 group (48.98±5.09 %) was significantly higher than that of the ethanol group (11.95±2.24 %) and the saline group (10.48±3.85 %) (P<0.01). FCM DNA analysis showed that the appearance rate of the apoptosis peak in Srar-99group was 92.9 %, markedly higher than that of the ethanol group (14.3 %) and the saline group (0.0 %) (P<0.01).Correlation (r=0.499, P<0.05) was found between AI and serum level of TNF-α.CONCLUSION: Star-99 has an effect on the

  15. Comparison of gallium-67 versus indium-111 monoclonal antibody (96.5, ZME-018) in detection of human melanoma in athymic mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We compared the biodistribution of two radiolabeled, whole, tumor selective monoclonal antibodies [( 111In]96.5, [111In]ZME-018) to 67Ga in nude mice bearing a human melanoma known to express p97 antigen. Localization of gallium was determined 48 hr following i.v. injection. Localization of the radiolabeled antibodies was determined at 3 days and 7 days following i.v. injection. All agents showed more or less similar absolute tumor uptake which varied between 22% and 36% of the injected dose per gram of tumor. Only the tumor uptake of [111In]96.5 antibody at 7 days was significantly lower than the 67Ga uptake at 48 hr. However, uptake in normal tissues was generally higher for both antibodies at 3 and 7 days than for 67Ga uptake at 48 hr. Therefore, the tumor-to-blood ratio for 67Ga was tenfold higher than that for either antibody, the tumor-to-muscle ratio was twofold higher. Bone was the only organ in which the tumor-to-organ ratio was consistently higher with radiolabeled antibody than with 67Ga. The tumor-to-liver and tumor-to-intestine ratios were comparable. Localization of the two tumor selective antibodies was greater than a nonspecific control antibody [( 111In]CEA) and change in specific activity from 0.17 mCi/mg to 3.3 mCi/mg did not influence localization. From these animal data it may be anticipated that tumor imaging with [111In]96.5 or [111In]ZME-018 will not be superior to imaging with 67Ga for detection of melanoma

  16. Endocrine sensitivity of the receptor-positive T61 human breast carcinoma serially grown in nude mice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brünner, N; Spang-Thomsen, M; Skovgaard Poulsen, H; Engelholm, S A; Nielsen, A; Vindeløv, L

    1985-01-01

    A study was made on the effect of ovariectomy, 17 beta-oestradiol, and tamoxifen on the oestrogen and progesterone receptor-positive T61 human breast carcinoma grown in nude mice. The effect of the treatment was evaluated by the specific growth delay calculated on the basis of Gompertz growth...... curves, and by the changes in the cell cycle distribution monitored by flow cytometric DNA analysis. The results demonstrated that both oestradiol and tamoxifen induced a temporary growth delay, whereas ovariectomy of the host had no effect on the growth of the tumour. The oestradiol-induced tumour...... growth delay was accompanied by a decrease in the G1 fraction, an accumulation of cells in the S-phase, and polyploidy, whereas neither treatment with tamoxifen nor ovariectomy influenced cell cycle distribution. The results indicate that oestradiol and tamoxifen have different mechanisms of action. In...

  17. Detection of early malignant changes in tissue cultured cells using a novel tumorigenicity assay in nude mice

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wells, R.S.; Campbell, E.W.; Holland, L.M.; Schwartzendruber, D.E.; Kraemer, P.M.

    1979-01-01

    Cultured cells were tested for tumorigenicity in nude mice using a new test involving implantation of cells grown on small gelatin sponges. The test was applied to mouse, hamster, and human cells, and the results were compared to a conventional tumorigenicity assay (injection of cell suspensions). The sponge assay was at least as sensitive as the conventional assay in all cases tested so far. In several instances the sponge assay could detect events not seen in the standard assay. Use of the sponge assay has led to interesting possibilities for studying in vitro and early in vivo cellular changes that may be associated with the ability to form tumors. In studies with two human squamous cell carcinoma cell lines, the two assays yielded comparable results. Such cell lines might provide a system in which the lack of terminal differentiation within a cell population could be examined as a parameter of neoplastic change.

  18. Preparation of 90Y-labeled different cyclic RGD peptides and evaluation in nude mice bearing human glioma xenografts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    90Y-DTPA-Bz-NH-SA-c(KRGDf) and 90Y-DTPA-Bz-NH-c(ERGDf) were prepared, and their in vitro and in vivo properties were compared. ITLC and HPLC show that the labeling yields of both compounds are more than 99% under the optimal conditions(pH=5.5, reac- ting at 80 degree C for 20 min), and they are stable in vitro. The biodistribution in nude mice bearing human glioma xenografts reveals no significant difference between these two radiolabeled com- pounds on uptake for all of tissues at the experimental time points; and pretty good tumor targeting and in vivo stability; and two radiolabeled compounds are mainly excreted through kid- neys, partly excreted through hepatobiliary system. The experimental data demonstrate that both of cyclic KRGDf and cyclic ERGDf are suitable for the further development of polymerconjugated RGD peptide drugs. (authors)

  19. Exogenous stimulation with Eclipta alba promotes hair matrix keratinocyte proliferation and downregulates TGF-β1 expression in nude mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Begum, Shahnaz; Lee, Mi Ra; Gu, Li Juan; Hossain, Jamil; Sung, Chang Keun

    2015-02-01

    Eclipta alba (L.) Hassk (E. alba) is a traditionally acclaimed medicinal herb used for the promotion of hair growth. However, to the best of our knowledge, no report has been issued to date on its effects on genetically distorted hair follicles (HFs). In this study, we aimed to identify an agent (stimuli) that may be beneficial for the restoration of human hair loss and which may be used as an alternative to synthetic drugs. We investigated the effects of petroleum ether extract (PEE) and different solvent fractions of E. alba on HFs of nude mice. Treatment was performed by topical application on the backs of nude mice and the changes in hair growth patterns were evaluated. Histological analysis was carried out to evaluate the HF morphology and the structural differences. Immunohistochemical (IHC) staining was performed to visualize follicular keratinocyte proliferation. The histological assessments revealed that the PEE-treated skin specimens exhibited prominent follicular hypertrophy. Subsequently, IHC staining revealed a significant increase (p<0.001) in the number of follicular keratinocytes in basal epidermal and matrix cells. Our results also demonstrated that PEE significantly (p<0.001) reduced the levels of transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) expression during early anagen and anagen-catagen transition. Our results suggest that PEE of E. alba acts as an important exogenous mediator that stimulates follicular keratinocyte proliferation and delays terminal differentiation by downregulating TGF-β1 expression. Thus, this study highlights the potential use of PEE of E. alba in the treatment of certain types of alopecia. PMID:25484129

  20. Adeno-associated virus-mediated doxycycline-regulatable TRAIL expression suppresses growth of human breast carcinoma in nude mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) functions as a cytokine to selectively kill various cancer cells without toxicity to most normal cells. Numerous studies have demonstrated the potential use of recombinant soluble TRAIL as a cancer therapeutic agent. We have showed previous administration of a recombinant adeno-associated virus (rAAV) vector expressing soluble TRAIL results in an efficient suppression of human tumor growth in nude mice. In the present study, we introduced Tet-On gene expression system into the rAAV vector to control the soluble TRAIL expression and evaluate the efficiency of the system in cancer gene therapy. Controllability of the Tet-On system was determined by luciferase activity assay, and Western blotting and enzyme-linked immunoabsorbent assay. Cell viability was determined by MTT assay. The breast cancer xenograft animal model was established and recombinant virus was administrated through tail vein injection to evaluate the tumoricidal activity. The expression of soluble TRAIL could be strictly controlled by the Tet-On system in both normal and cancer cells. Transduction of human cancer cell lines with rAAV-TRE-TRAIL&rAAV-Tet-On under the presence of inducer doxycycline resulted in a considerable cell death by apoptosis. Intravenous injection of the recombinant virus efficiently suppressed the growth of human breast carcinoma in nude mice when activated by doxycycline. These data suggest that rAAV-mediated soluble TRAIL expression under the control of the Tet-On system is a promising strategy for breast cancer therapy

  1. Adeno-associated virus-mediated doxycycline-regulatable TRAIL expression suppresses growth of human breast carcinoma in nude mice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zheng Liu

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL functions as a cytokine to selectively kill various cancer cells without toxicity to most normal cells. Numerous studies have demonstrated the potential use of recombinant soluble TRAIL as a cancer therapeutic agent. We have showed previous administration of a recombinant adeno-associated virus (rAAV vector expressing soluble TRAIL results in an efficient suppression of human tumor growth in nude mice. In the present study, we introduced Tet-On gene expression system into the rAAV vector to control the soluble TRAIL expression and evaluate the efficiency of the system in cancer gene therapy. Methods Controllability of the Tet-On system was determined by luciferase activity assay, and Western blotting and enzyme-linked immunoabsorbent assay. Cell viability was determined by MTT assay. The breast cancer xenograft animal model was established and recombinant virus was administrated through tail vein injection to evaluate the tumoricidal activity. Results The expression of soluble TRAIL could be strictly controlled by the Tet-On system in both normal and cancer cells. Transduction of human cancer cell lines with rAAV-TRE-TRAIL&rAAV-Tet-On under the presence of inducer doxycycline resulted in a considerable cell death by apoptosis. Intravenous injection of the recombinant virus efficiently suppressed the growth of human breast carcinoma in nude mice when activated by doxycycline. Conclusion These data suggest that rAAV-mediated soluble TRAIL expression under the control of the Tet-On system is a promising strategy for breast cancer therapy.

  2. Effects of Acanthus ebracteatus Vahl on tumor angiogenesis and on tumor growth in nude mice implanted with cervical cancer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aim of this study was to examine the effects of the crude extract of Acanthus ebracteatus Vahl (AE) on tumor growth and angiogenesis by utilizing a tumor model in which nude mice were implanted with cervical cancer cells containing human papillomavirus 16 DNA (HPV-16 DNA). The growth-inhibitory effect of AE was investigated in four different cell types: CaSki (HPV-16 positive), HeLa (HPV-18 positive), hepatocellular carcinoma cells (HepG2), and human dermal fibroblast cells (HDFs). The cell viabilities and IC50 values of AE were determined in cells incubated with AE for different lengths of time. To conduct studies in vivo, female BALB/c nude mice (aged 6–7 weeks, weighing 20–25 g) were used. A cervical cancer-derived cell line (CaSki) with integrated HPV-16 DNA was injected subcutaneously (1 × 107 cells/200 μL) in the middle dorsum of each animal (HPV group). One week after injection, mice were fed orally with AE crude extract at either 300 or 3000 mg/kg body weight/day for 14 or 28 days (HPV-AE groups). Tumor microvasculature and capillary vascularity were determined using laser scanning confocal microscopy. Tumor tissue was collected from each mouse to evaluate tumor histology and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) immunostaining. The time-response curves of AE and the dose-dependent effect of AE on growth inhibition were determined. After a 48-hour incubation period, the IC50 of AE in CaSki was discovered to be significantly different from that of HDFs (P < 0.05). A microvascular network was observed around the tumor area in the HPV group on days 21 and 35. Tumor capillary vascularity in the HPV group was significantly increased compared with the control group (P < 0.001). High-dose treatment of AE extract (HPV-3000AE group) significantly attenuated the increase in VEGF expression and tumor angiogenesis in mice that received either the 14- or 28-day treatment period (P < 0.001). Our novel findings demonstrated that AE crude extract could

  3. Inhibition of K562 cell growth and tumor angiogenesis in nude mice by transfection of anti-VEGF hairpin ribozyme gene into the cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许文林

    2006-01-01

    Objective To explore the effect of anti-VEGF hairpin ribozyme gene on the tumor cell growth and tumor angiogenesis in nude mice. Methods The recombinant eukaryotic expression plasmid pcDNA-RZ containing anti-VEGF hairpin ribozyme gene and the empty vector plasmid pcDNA were introduced separately into K562 cells

  4. Lymphocyte Reactivity Contributes to Protection Conferred by Specific Antibody Passively Transferred to Herpes Simplex Virus-Infected Mice

    OpenAIRE

    Oakes, John E.; Davis, William B.; Taylor, John A.; Weppner, William A.

    1980-01-01

    Passively acquired immunity to herpes simplex virus (HSV) was studied in antithymocyte serum (ATS)-treated mice and athymic nude mice to determine whether immunocompetent lymphocytes contribute to the protection observed after transfer of HSV-specific antibody to infected animals. Mice were given three intraperitoneal injections of 0.1 ml of ATS at 24-h intervals. This treatment reduced concanavalin A and lipopolysaccharide stimulation of lymphocytes harvested from these animals by 90% when c...

  5. Effect of all-trans retinoic acid combined with trichostatin A on the nude mice bearing human follicular thyroid carcinoma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To study the changes of iodine uptake of the follicular thyroid carcinoma cell line (FTC-133) and nude mice bearing human follicular thyroid carcinoma after the induction with all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA), trichostatin A (TSA) or ATRA combined with TSA. Methods: After the induction with ATRA, TSA, or ATRA combined with TSA in different concentrations for 96 h, the iodine uptake of FTC-133 cells was observed. The concentrations for different groups were as follows: ATRA 1.0 ×10-6 mol/L(Alow group), ATRA 1.0 × 10-4 mol/L (Ahigh group), TSA 1.65 ×10-7 mol/L (T group), Alow + T group, Ahigh + T group and ethanol (control group). Cell quantities and morphology were observed by HE staining. FTC-133 cells were subcutaneously injected into nude mice. Twelve nude mice were randomly divided into 4 groups after tumor formation: ATRA group (2 mg/kg, intragastric administration), TSA group (10 mg/kg, intraperitoneal injection), combined therapy group (ATRA + TSA, the same doses as above) and saline control group (10 ml/kg, intragastric and intraperitoneal administration, respectively). Drugs were administered to the tumor-bearing mice according to the mouse body mass daily. At the 22nd day, the tumor-bearing mice were injected with 37 MBq 131I intraperitoneally. The biodistribution of 131I and gamma imaging were performed at 4, 6, 12 and 24 h after the injection respectively. Histopathological examinations of the tumor samples were taken after imaging completion. The results were analyzed by analysis of variance (ANOVA) with SPSS 13.0. Results: The cellular iodine uptake were (23 885 ± 616.0) and (13 849 ±728.2) counts · min-1 · 10-6 cells in the Alow + T group and Ahigh + T group respectively, and the data were (985 ± 84.2) - (17 600 ± 782.7) counts · min-1 · 10-6 in the other groups (F=600.879, P<0.001). The % ID/g of tumor at 6 h was 6.17 ±0.46 in the combined group and it increased to 9.34 ±0.61 at 12 h and 11.19 ± 0.98 at 24 h. The % ID/g of

  6. Biokinetics of 111In-DTPA-D-Phe1-octreotide in nude mice transplanted with a human carcinoid tumor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The long time biokinetics of the radiolabeled somatostatin analogues 111In-DTPA-D-Phe1-octreotide was studied in nude mice transplanted with the human carcinoid tumor, GOT1. The results were compared with those from the patient with the original tumor. This patient has been diagnosed and later treated with 111In-DTPA-D-Phe1-octreotide. The animals received about 2 MBq 111In-DTPA-D-Phe1-octreotide (0.1 μg) by injection into a tail vein. The animals were killed 0.5 h-14 d after injection of the radiopharmaceutical. Tumor tissue and normal tissues were collected and weighed and measured for 111In activity. The 111In uptake in the tumor was higher than in all normal tissues except the kidneys. The tumor-to-normal-tissue activity concentration, TNC, increased with time for all normal tissues studied. These data were similar to those observed for the original tumor in the patient. The similar biokinetics for 111In-DTPA-D-Phe1-octreotide in the tumor-bearing mice and the patient makes this animal model suitable as a model for evaluation of therapy of somatostatin receptor (sstr) expressing tumors with radiolabeled somatostatin analogues. Furthermore, the increase with time of TNC both in mice and the patient indicates that long-lived radionuclides are preferred for therapy with radiolabeled somatostatin analogues

  7. The MRI study of supraparamagnetic ironic oxide loaded polymeric nano-vesicles in human colonic carcinoma xenograft in nude mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To synthesize the hydrophobic supraparamagnetic ironic oxide (SPIO) loaded and hydrophilic SPIO loaded polymeric nano-vesicles and to investigate the feasibility of using hydrophobic SPIO loaded and hydrophilic SPIO loaded polymeric nano-vesicles to display the tumor in MRI in vivo through animal experiments. Methods: The polymeric nano-vesicles were prepared from poly (D, L-lactic acid) (PDLLA) and poly (ethylene glycol) (PEG) by a multiple emulsion/solvent evaporation method. The hydrophobic SPIO and hydrophilic SPIO were loaded in the polymeric, nano-vesicles respectively., Eighteen nude mice models with human colorectal carcinoma xenograft were established. They were divided equally into three groups (n=6). The three groups of nude mice models were injected with water-soluble SPIO, hydrophobic SPIO loaded and hydrophilic SPIO loaded vesicle via the mice caudal vein respectively., Dynamic MRI scan were performed in all the mice models. T2WI signal intensity and T2 relaxation time were measured in the tumor, liver and muscle by using T2 mapping software. ANOVA of repeated measurement was used to analyze if there were significant differences of signal intensity changes among the three groups, while Bonferroni method was used for pair-wise comparison. Results: On T2WI, tumors showed decrease in signal intensity after hydrophobic or hydrophilic SPIO loaded polymeric nano-vesicle injection, while no signal intensity decrease was found in the tumor after water-soluble SPIO administration. The maximum percentage of signal intensity decrease in tumor caused by hydrophobic SPIO loaded and hydrophilic SPIO loaded vesicle were 11.00%, 11.40%, respectively. There was statistical significant difference of signal intensity changes among these three groups (F=10.96, P 0.05), The three agents could lead to signal intensity decrease in the liver. The maximum percentage of signal intensity decrease in liver caused by water-soluble SPIO, hydrophobic SPIO loaded and

  8. The effectiveness of 125I seed interstitial brachytherapy for transplantation tumor of human pancreatic carcinoma in nude mice: an experiment in vivo

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To discuss the effectiveness and therapeutic mechanism of 125I interstitial brachytherapy for transplantation tumor of human pancreatic carcinoma in nude mice. Methods: The human pancreatic cell line Sw1990 was subcutaneously injected into the right lower limb partially dorsal area next to the groin of the immunodeficient BABL /c nude mice. The tumor was removed and cut into small pieces after it was formed,then the tumor pieces were inoculated in nude mice. The tumor developed to 8-10 mm in size after six weeks. A total of 16 nude mice with the suitable tumor size were used in this study. The 16 experimental mice were randomly and equally divided into two groups. The mice in study group (n = 8) were implanted with 125I seeds, while the mice in control group (n = 8) were implanted with ghost seeds. After the implantation both the long and short diameter of the tumors as well as the mouse body weight were measured every 4 days. The tumor weight was measured when the mouse was sacrificed. The paraffin-embedded samples were sent for histopathological examination. Apoptotic cells were checked with terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) method. Expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) was detected with immuno-histochemical staining. Results: The tumor grew slowly in the study group, but rapidly in the control group. The tumor weight in the study group and the control group was (2.68 ± 0.70)g and (4.68 ± 1.45)g, respectively, the difference between two groups was statistically significant (P = 0.021). The tumor inhibition rate was about 42.66%. No significant difference in body weight of nude mice existed between two groups both before and after the treatment (P > 0.05). Marked tumor necrosis was seen in study group, but no obvious, or only a little, tumor necrosis could be observed in the control group. The apoptotic index checked with the TUENL method in the study group and control group was (23.2 ± 1.9)% and

  9. Radioimmunodetection of hepatic metastases from human colon cancer in nude mice with a gamma-detecting probe

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The utility of a gamma detecting probe (GDP) in the detection of experimental hepatic metastases in nude mice using radiolabeled monoclonal antibody (mAb) was assessed. Twelve mice with established hepatic metastases from the HT-29 LMM cell line, 5 mice with s.c. tumors in the left flank and 6 non-tumor-bearing control mice were given i.v. injections of 40 microCi/4 micrograms of 125I-labeled mAb HT-29-15. Six tumor-bearing mice were given i.v. injections of an isotype-matched control mAb (BL-3). Using the GDP, measurements were obtained daily over the region of the heart, the region of the liver (i.e., the right flank), and the s.c. tumor when applicable. Intraoperative measurements were obtained at laparotomy on days 5 and 7. Subsequently, the metastases, normal liver, and blood were resected and the radioactivity/g tissue was measured in a gamma well counter. External right flank/heart ratios were significantly higher in the tumor-bearing group than in controls. External measurements allowed detection of small tumors weighing only 161 ± 87 (SD) mg and occupying 11.5 ± 4% of the entire liver weight. Metastases counted intraoperatively with the GDP measured 1 to 7 mm in greatest diameter. The mean metastasis/heart GDP ratio was 1.7 ± 0.4:1. Tumors weighing as little as 51 ± 42 mg could be identified. These experimental results confirm the usefulness of the GDP for the detection of small hepatic metastases from colon cancer and illustrate important features of probe measurement of radiolabeled mAb uptake

  10. Intervention of Mirtazapine on gemcitabine-induced mild cachexia in nude mice with pancreatic carcinoma xenografts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shu-Man Jiang; Jian-Hua Wu; Lin Jia

    2012-01-01

    AIM:To investigate the effect of Mirtazapine on tumor growth,food intake,body weight,and nutritional status in gemcitabine-induced mild cachexia.METHODS:Fourteen mice with subcutaneous xenografts of a pancreatic cancer cell line (SW1990) were randomly divided into Mirtazapine and control groups.Either Mirtazapine (10 mg/kg) or saline solution was orally fed to the mice every day after tumor implantation.A model of mild cachexia was then established in both groups by intraperitoneal injection of Gemcitabine (50 mg/kg) 10 d,13 d,and 16 d after tumor implantation.Tumor size,food intake,body weight,and nutritional status were measured during the experiment.All mice were sacrificed at day 28.RESULTS:(1) After 7 d of gemcitabine administration,body-weight losses of 5%-7% which suggested mild cachexia were measured; (2) No significant difference in tumor size was detected between the Mirtazapine and control groups (P > 0.05); and (3) During the entire experimental period,food intake and body weight were slightly greater for the Mirtazapine group compared with controls (although these differences were not statistically significant).After 21 d,mice in the Mirtazapine group consumed significantly more food than control mice (3.95 ± 0.14 g vs 3.54 ± 0.10 g,P =0.004).After 25 d,mice in the Mirtazapine group were also significantly heavier than control mice (17.24 ± 0.53 g vs 18.05 ± 0.68 g,P =0.014).CONCLUSION:Mild cachexia model was successfully established by gemcitabine in pancreatic tumor-bearing mice.Mirtazapine can improve gemcitabine-induced mild cachexia in pancreatic tumor-bearing mice.It was believed to provide a potential therapeutic perspective for further studies on cachexia.

  11. Selenized milk casein in the diet of BALB/c nude mice reduces growth of intramammary MCF-7 tumors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dietary selenium has the potential to reduce growth of mammary tumors. Increasing the Se content of cows’ milk proteins is a potentially effective means to increase Se intake in humans. We investigate the effects of selenized milk protein on human mammary tumor progression in immunodeficient BALB/c nude mice. Four isonitrogenous diets with selenium levels of 0.16, 0.51, 0.85 and 1.15 ppm were formulated by mixing low- and high-selenium milk casein isolates with a rodent premix. MCF-7 cells were inoculated into the mammary fat pad of female BALB/c nude mice implanted with slow-release 17 β-estradiol pellets. Mice with palpable tumors were randomly assigned to one of the four diets for 10 weeks, during which time weekly tumor caliper measurements were conducted. Individual growth curves were fit with the Gompertz equation. Apoptotic cells and Bcl-2, Bax, and Cyclin D1 protein levels in tumors were determined. There was a linear decrease in mean tumor volume at 70 days with increasing Se intake (P < 0.05), where final tumor volume decreased 35% between 0.16 and 1.15 ppm Se. There was a linear decrease in mean predicted tumor volume at 56, 63 and 70 days, and the number of tumors with a final volume above 500 mm3, with increasing Se intake (P < 0.05). This tumor volume effect was associated with a decrease in the proportion of tumors with a maximum growth rate above 0.03 day-1. The predicted maximum volume of tumors (Vmax) and the number of tumors with a large Vmax, were not affected by Se-casein. Final tumor mass, Bcl-2, Bax, and Cyclin D1 protein levels in tumors were not significantly affected by Se-casein. There was a significantly higher number of apoptotic cells in high-Se tumors as compared to low-Se tumors. Taken together, these results suggest that turnover of cells in the tumor, but not its nutrient supply, were affected by dairy Se. We have shown that 1.1 ppm dietary Se from selenized casein can effectively reduce tumor progression in an MCF-7 xenograft

  12. Therapeutic effect against human xenograft tumors in nude mice by the third generation microtubule stabilizing epothilones.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chou, Ting-Chao; Zhang, Xiuguo; Zhong, Zi-Yang; Li, Yong; Feng, Li; Eng, Sara; Myles, David R; Johnson, Robert; Wu, Nian; Yin, Ye Ingrid; Wilson, Rebecca M; Danishefsky, Samuel J

    2008-09-01

    The epothilones represent a promising class of natural product-based antitumor drug candidates. Although these compounds operate through a microtubule stabilization mechanism similar to that of taxol, the epothilones offer a major potential therapeutic advantage in that they retain their activity against multidrug-resistant cell lines. We have been systematically synthesizing and evaluating synthetic epothilone congeners that are not accessible through modification of the natural product itself. We report herein the results of biological investigations directed at two epothilone congeners: iso-fludelone and iso-dehydelone. Iso-fludelone, in particular, exhibits a number of properties that render it an excellent candidate for preclinical development, including biological stability, excellent solubility in water, and remarkable potency relative to other epothilones. In nude mouse xenograft settings, iso-fludelone was able to achieve therapeutic cures against a number of human cancer cell lines, including mammarian-MX-1, ovarian-SK-OV-3, and the fast-growing, refractory, subcutaneous neuroblastoma-SK-NAS. Strong therapeutic effect was observed against drug-resistant lung-A549/taxol and mammary-MCF-7/Adr xenografts. In addition, iso-fludelone was shown to exhibit a significant therapeutic effect against an intracranially implanted SK-NAS tumor. PMID:18755900

  13. Antitumor effects of inductive hyperthermia using magnetic ferucarbotran nanoparticles on human lung cancer xenografts in nude mice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Araya T

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Tomoyuki Araya,1 Kazuo Kasahara,1 Shingo Nishikawa,1 Hideharu Kimura,1 Takashi Sone,1 Hideo Nagae,2 Yoshio Ikehata,3 Isamu Nagano,3 Masaki Fujimura11Department of Respiratory Medicine, Cellular Transplantation Biology, Kanazawa University Graduate School of Medical Science, 2Cooperative Research Center for Kanazawa University, 3Department of Information and Systems Engineering, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa, JapanBackground: The effects of inductive hyperthermia on lung cancer have yet to be fully investigated. Magnetic nanoparticles used in inductive hyperthermia are made-to-order and expensive. This study was performed to investigate the use of ferucarbotran in inductive hyperthermia and to clarify whether inductive hyperthermia using ferucarbotran promotes antitumor effects in vivo using a lung cancer cell line.Methods: We injected A549 cells subcutaneously into the right thighs of BALB/c nu/nu nude mice. Forty mice with A549 xenografts were then classified into three groups. Group 1 was the control group. All mice in groups 2 and 3 had ferucarbotran injected into their tumors, and mice in group 3 were then subjected to alternating magnetic field irradiation. We evaluated tumor temperature during the hyperthermic procedure, the time course of tumor growth, histologic findings in tumors after hyperthermic treatment, and adverse events.Results: Intratumor temperature rose rapidly and was maintained at 43°C–45°C for 20 minutes in an alternating magnetic field. Tumor volumes in groups 1 and 2 increased exponentially, but tumor growth in group 3 was significantly suppressed. No severe adverse events were observed. Histologic findings for the tumors in group 3 revealed mainly necrosis.Conclusion: Inductive hyperthermia using ferucarbotran is a beneficial and promising approach in the treatment of lung cancer. Ferucarbotran is a novel tool for further development of inductive hyperthermia.Keywords: inductive hyperthermia, ferucarbotran, magnetic

  14. The preparation of 99Tcm-J591 and its SPECT imaging of nude mice bearing human prostate cancer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To study the binding performance of 99Tcm labeled anti-human prostatic specific membrane antigen (PSMA) monoclonal antibody J591 (99Tcm-J591) and prostate cancer cells in vitro,the biodistribution and SPECT imaging of 99Tcm-J591 in nude mice bearing human prostate cancer in vivo. Methods: The monoclonal antibody J591 was labeled with 99Tcm by improved Schwarz method.Labeled antibody was purified by Sephadex G-50. The labeling efficiency and radiochemical purity were measured by paper chromatography and trichloroacetic acid method. The binding performance of J591 and prostate cancer cells was measured by flow cytometry in vitro. The nude mice bearing PSMA-positive C4-2 prostate carcinoma xenografts served as experiment group, mice bearing PSMA-negative PC3 tumors served as control group. 6.2-8.5 MBq of 99Tcm-J591 (25 μg) was intravenously injected into mice. Gamma imaging was performed 2, 6, 12 and 24 h after injection, T/NT was calculated by ROI technique. After scanned 12 h post injection, 4 mice of the experiment group and 5 mice of the control group were sacrificed and the tracer in vivo biodistribution was measured by gamma-counting, and the % ID/g was calculated. Two-sample t test was carried out to validate significant difference of % ID/g between two groups. Results: The labeling efficiency and radiochemical purity of 99Tcm-J591 were (78.9±6.2)% and (92.3±5.1)%, respectively, and the specific activity of 99Tcm-J591 was 68.7 MBq/mg. The antibody J591 and 99Tcm-J591 could strongly combine with PSMA-positive C4-2 cells in vitro, and didn't combine with PSMA-negative PC3 cells in vitro. SPECT imaging results showed that radioactive concentration was obvious in tumor 6 h post injection, the concentration scope became large and the tumor image was clear 12 h post injection. T/NT was 1.9±1.1 at 2 h, 4.3±1.8 at 6 h, 5.6±2.7 at 12 h, 1.4±0.6 at 24 h, respectively. In the control group, no radioactivity concentration was found in tumor, and T

  15. Study on the radiosensitivity of nude mice model transplanted lung adenocarcinoma cell treated by β-elemene

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To explore the effect of β-element on the radiosensitivity of transplanted tumor, and its relationship with the expression of surviving. Methods: The transplanted mice model was established through the cell suspension inoculation. The mice with transplanted tumor size of 0.8-1.0 cm3 were randomly divided into 8 groups as blank control, 25, 45 and 100 mg/kg group, irradiation group, 25 mg/kg + irradiation group, 45 mg/kg + irradiation group, 100 mg/kg + irradiation group. The tumor size was measured every other day until tumor size was double, and the growth curve was obtained. The average tumor growth inhibition rate of β-element and tumor size were attained at 2, 4, 6 and 8 d after β-element injection. The expression of surviving was detected with immunohistochemistry. Results: The nude mice model was successfully established and the growth curves were obtained according to the tumor size. Between 2 and 8 d after β-elemene injection, the variation tendency of the average tumor growth inhibition rate was consistent with the size in β-elemene treatment groups. The antitumor effect of β-elemene was in a dose-dependent manner. The values of radiosensitivity enhancement factor were 0.84, 1.24, 2.04 for 25, 45 and 100 mg/kg group, respectively, and the optimal dose was 45 mg/kg. β-element had little effect on the expression of surviving, and the expression of surviving significantly enhanced in irradiation group and decreased in β-element + irradiation groups. Conclusions: β-elemene could enhance the tumor radiosensitivity through inhibition the expression of surviving. (authors)

  16. 健脾解毒复方中药对裸鼠肝癌模型PTEN/ERK1的影响%Effect of Jianpi Jiedu decoction to PTEN/ERK1 of athymic mice with hepatocellular carcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙保国; 周厚明; 邓宜材; 黄红中; 陈泽雄; 张诗军

    2009-01-01

    目的:探讨肝癌裸鼠不同肝组织PTEN/ERK1的表达及健脾解毒复方中药对其的影响.方法:采用人肝细胞癌细胞株Bel-7402间接原位移植,造雄性肝癌裸鼠模型90只,造模24 h后随机分9组,即不同浓度复方中药A~G组,FT207化疗组,生理盐水组,10只裸鼠不造模作为正常对照组,给药每天1次,8周后处死裸鼠,免疫组化二步法检测肝组织、癌旁组织和癌组织PT]EN/ERKI的表达情况.结果:荷瘤裸鼠肝脏PFEN蛋白表达强度正常肝组织>癌旁组织>癌组织.中药组B,D,E组眦N在正常肝组织的表达高于生理盐水组、化疗组、正常照组,(P癌旁组织>肝组织,癌旁组织ERK1表达强度化疗组高于中药组和生理盐水组,癌组织ERK1表达强度生理盐水组和化疗组均高于中药C,D,E,G,F组.在癌组织中,PTEN和ERKl的表达呈负相关,(P<0.01).结论:在肝癌的发生发展过程中PTEN的缺失或突变可能导致了ERK1的过度活化,健脾解毒复方中药可能对PTEN/ERK1有良性调节作用.%Objective: To research the effect of Jianpi Jiedu decoction (JPJDT) to PTEN/ERK1 of athymic mice with hepato-cellular carcinoma. Method: N2 male BALB/c athymic mice models were built by Bel-7402 with an indirect method. Mter 24 h of postoperation, the 90 athymic mice were distributed randomly into JPJDT groups: A, B, C, D, E, F, G, NS, FT each group had 10 athymic mice. Another 10 male BALB/c athymic mice without HCC was treated by NS as normal control (DZ). Group A to G were treated by intragastric administration with JPJDT that had been deliquated into 7 kinds of density for 8 wk. Group NS were were treated by intragastric administration with Sodium Chloride for 8 wk. Group FT were were treated by intragastric administration with FT207 ( te-gafur) for 8 wk. At last, athymic mice were sacrificed. PTEN/ERKI was detected in hepatic tissue, latero-cancer tissue and cancer tissue by immunohistochemistry (PowerVision~(TM) two-step histostaining

  17. Effects of Medicated Diet to Eradicate Helicobacter spp. on Growth, Pathology, and Infection Status in Rag1–/– and Nude Mice

    OpenAIRE

    Garrett, Caroline M; Muth, Dillon; Watson, Julie

    2014-01-01

    The use of a commercial 4-drug diet has been shown to eradicate Helicobacter spp. from immunocompetent mice and those with innate immunodeficiencies. However the efficacy of this diet has not been confirmed in mice with altered adaptive immunity. We hypothesized that an 8-wk treatment with medicated diet would eradicate H. hepaticus and H. typhlonius from young naturally infected nude and Rag1 mice lacking functional T cells (Foxn1nu) or T and B cells (B6.129S7-Rag1tm1Mom/J), respectively. We...

  18. Anti-tumor effects of 125I radioactive particles implantation on transplantated tumor model of human breast cancer cells in nude mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To study the anti-tumor effects of 125I radioactive particles implantation on transplantated tumor model of human breast cancer cells in nude mice and clarify their anti-tumor mechanisms. Methods 120 nude mice transplantated with human breast cancer cells MCF-7 were randomly divided into 3 groups (n=40): 125I radioactive particles implanted group, non-radioactive particles implanted group and non-particles implanted group. The articles were implanted into mice according to Pairs system principle. The expressions of Fas mRNA and protein and the activaties of caspase-3 and caspase-8 enzyme were detected by RT-PCR and Western blotting. The changes of cell cycle were detected by flow cytometry. Results: Compared with non-radioactive particles implanted group and non-particles implanted group, the size of cancer tissues in 125I radioactive particles implanted group was reduced significantly (P0/G1 phase was significantly increased (P125I radioactive particles into transplantated tumor model of human breast cancer cells can kill tumor cells, inhibit the growth cycle of tumor cells and induce the apoptosis of tumor cells in nude mice. (authors)

  19. The anticancer effects of sodium selenite and selenomethionine on human colorectal carcinoma cell lines in nude mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Yang; Huang, Fang; Ren, Yun; Xing, Lu; Wu, Ying; Li, Zhushi; Pan, Huazhen; Xu, Caimin

    2009-01-01

    The studies were carried out on nude mice bearing human colorectal carcinoma SW480 cell line xenografts to evaluate the chemotherapeutic potential of selenium containing compounds such as sodium selenite (SSe) and selenomethionine (SeMet). Three doses of anticancer drugs were used, including 0.1 mg/kg/day SSe (LSSe), 2 mg/kg/day SSe (HSSe), and 2 mg/kg/day SeMet. We explored the anticancer effect of SSe and SeMet administered by IP injection for 21 days. We observed the pathologic changes and the cell apoptosis in tumor tissue by HE staining and TUNNEL assay after HSSe and SeMet treatment. GSH level and antioxidant enzyme GPX activity in tumor tissues were assessed. In addition, Western blotting was used to detect the expression of apoptosis-related proteins. The results suggested that HSSe and SeMet had significantly inhibited tumor growth in vivo. We also observed the pathologic changes and cell apoptosis in tumor tissues after HSSe and SeMet treatment. GSH level was a bit increased but the GPX activity was reduced. Moreover, SSe and SeMet treatment downregulated the expression of the protein Bcl-xL, increased the expression of Bax, Bad, and Bim, and activated caspase-9. SSe and SeMet may be the selective, low-toxic anticancer agents to treat human colorectal carcinoma cancer. PMID:19911698

  20. Targeted therapy against human lung cancer in nude mice by high-affinity recombinant antimesothelin single-chain Fv immunotoxin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fan, Dominic; Yano, Seiji; Shinohara, Hisashi; Solorzano, Carmen; Van Arsdall, Melissa; Bucana, Corazon D; Pathak, Sen; Kruzel, Ewa; Herbst, Roy S; Onn, Amir; Roach, Jennifer S; Onda, Masanori; Wang, Qing-cheng; Pastan, Ira; Fidler, Isaiah J

    2002-06-01

    Several tumors, including mesothelioma and ovarian cancer, can overexpress mesothelin, a glycosylphosphatidylinositol-linked differentiation glycoprotein. The membrane-bound type of mesothelin is found in the blood of cancer patients at a very low level, which makes mesothelin a good candidate for targeted therapy of certain cancers. An antimesothelin disulfide-linked Fv (SS1 Fv) was fused to a truncated mutant of Pseudomonas exotoxin A to produce the recombinant immunotoxin SS1(dsFv)-PE38, which has a high binding affinity to mesothelin (Kd = 0.7 nM). Our studies in vitro showed that SS1(dsFv)-PE38 is significantly more cytotoxic to the high-mesothelin-producing NCI-H226 human non-small cell lung cancer cells than to human lung adenocarcinoma PC14PE6 cells, which do not express mesothelin. When administered at a nontoxic dose of 500 microg/kg on days 7, 9, and 11 to nude mice injected i.v. with the two human lung cancer cell lines, SS1(dsFv)-PE38 selectively inhibited experimental lung metastases produced by the mesothelin-producing NCI-H226 cells. Our data indicate that mesothelin-producing squamous cell carcinoma of the lung may be a good target for this immunotoxin. PMID:12479219

  1. Study on therapy of leukemia through proliferated NK cell induced by low-dose radiation in nude mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To separate NK cells of mice from NK cell separation medium and study inhibitory effect of proliferated NK cell induced by low dose radiation on the leukemia model of K562 cells. Methods: Flow cytometry and 3H-TdR methods were respectively used to measure proliferation index and activity of NK cells treated with low-dose radiation (which means exposure dose in 20 cGy low LET beam or 5 cGy high LET beam). CD13 + cells were measured by flow cytometry and TNF-α content in blood-serum was detected by ELISA. In vivo, peripheral blood leucocyte count, index of liver, indexes of spleen and kidney were observed in control group and experimental group. Results: The purity of NK cell separation was (82.54±0.18)%.The proliferation index of NK cells at 24 hours after 80 mGy irradiated was 36.31±1.32%, (t=24.69, P<0.05). Killing activity of NK cell induced by low dose radiation to K562 cell was (12.59±0.63)%(t=6.63, P<0.05) and the inhibition ratio was 29.52%. Conclusion: The injection of proliferated NK cell induced by low dose radiation demonstrated significant inhibitory effect on the growth of leukemia nude mouse. (authors)

  2. The effect of multidrug resistance modulator HZ08 on pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of adriamycin in xenograft-nude mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Yanyan; Feng, Yidong; Darshika, Kodithuwakku Nandani; Zhang, Bo; Hu, Yahui; Fang, Weirong; Li, Yunman; Huang, Wenlong

    2015-01-23

    To overcome MDR (multidrug resistance) of cancer mediated by P-gp (P-glycoprotein) has become a key strategy to improve the survival rate in clinic. Therefore, it is imperative to develop advanced modulators that have no side effects or interactions with cytotoxic drugs. HZ08, which acts as a P-gp inhibitor, shows a notable reverse effect with low cytotoxicity in vitro. Based on the previous results, the goal of this experiment is to elucidate the effect of HZ08 on pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of adriamycin in tumor-bearing nude mice. Several criterions and methods, such as tumor weight and volume, in vivo imaging, western blot, immunohistochemistry as well as ATPase hydrolysis assay were selected to evaluate the reversing activity and mechanism of HZ08 on MDR; Furthermore, fluorescence detection assay was applied to determine the distribution of adriamycin in the blood and tissues. This study revealed that HZ08 potentiated the anti-tumor activity of adriamycin but with little effect on the expression of P-gp in vivo. Adriamycin accumulation in tumor was enhanced by HZ08 via ATPase activity inhibition. In addition, HZ08 did not alter the pharmacokinetic characteristic of adriamycin in plasma or tissues. In conclusion, HZ08 showed dramatic MDR reversing activity and had no influence on the pharmacokinetics of adriamycin. PMID:25459530

  3. Radiolabeling of substance P with Lutetium-177 and biodistribution study in AR42J pancreatic tumor xenografted Nude mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pancreatic tumor (PT) is a neuroendocrine neoplasm that usually origin metastases in the respiratory and gastrointestinal tract. In recent years, new developments in targeted therapies have emerged and the presence of peptide receptors at the cell membrane of PT constitutes the basis of the clinical use of specific radiolabeled ligands. Substance P, an 11-amino acid peptide which has an important role in modulating pain transmission trough neurokinin 1 and 2 receptors (NKr), may play a role in the pathogenesis of PT, because approximately 10% of these tumors over express NKr. The aim of the present work was to produce a pure and stable SP analog (DOTA-SP) radiolabeled with Lutetium-177 (177Lu), and to evaluate its in vivo target to AR42J pancreatic tumor cells in Nude mice in other to verify if SP can be used in this pancreatic tumor detection and treatment. 177Lu (half-life 6.7 days) has both β and γ-emissions suitable for radiotherapy and imaging respectively. Substance P was successfully labeled with high yield (>99%) at optimized conditions and kept stable for more than 72 hours at 4 deg C and 24 hours in human plasma. Biodistribution studies showed that SP excretion was mainly performed by renal pathway. In addition, 177Lu-DOTA-SP showed higher uptake by tumor than normal pancreas, indicating the presence of NK receptors in AR42J pancreatic tumor. (author)

  4. [Microvascular architecture of human tumors transplanted in nude mice--its relationship to sensitivity to antineoplastic agents].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okazaki, M; Kubota, T; Hanatani, Y; Maruyama, K; Tsuyuki, K; Nakada, M; Asanuma, F; Ishibiki, K; Abe, O

    1982-08-01

    Microangiographic study was performed with ten human tumors serially transplanted into nude mice to clarify the role of tumor vessels on the chemosensitivity of the human tumors. Five gastric carcinomas, two colon carcinomas, one breast carcinoma, one cholangiocarcinoma, and one hemangiopericytoma were used for the experiments. Seven tumors revealed hypervascular network of vessels, whereas hypovascular patterns of tumor vessels were observed in the other three tumors. It was found that the histologically differentiated tumors were hypervascular and undifferentiated tumors were hypovascular, with statistically significant differences (p less than 0.05). Each tumor possessed the vascular network similar to human tumors originated from the same organs. No discernible changes of microangiographic features were noticed by serial transfers. As the chemosensitivities of these tumors depended mainly on their original tissues, these chemosensitivities could not be explained only by tumor vascularities or drug transferences. However, in the tumors with similar chemosensitive spectra, less susceptible tumors were observed to possess the irregular vascular networks in comparison with sensitive strains. From these considerations, tumor vessels were thought to have some role on vascular flow and drug transference which affected chemosensitivity of human tumors. PMID:7184456

  5. Marked antitumor activity of cat's whiskers tea (Orthosiphon stamineus extract in orthotopic model of human colon tumor in nude mice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Foaud Saleih R Al-Suede

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Orthosiphon stamineus is used to treat kidney ailments including angiogenesis-dependent diseases. O. stamineus has shown to possess strong anti-angiogenic activity. In present study, an orthotopic nude mouse model of colon cancer was employed to study the factors that influence suppression of tumor by standardized 50% ethanol extract of O. stamineus leaves (EOS. Human colorectal cancer cells (HCT116 were surgically injected into the cecal wall of mice. Two different oral doses (100 and 200 mg/kg/day were given for 5 weeks. EOS suppressed 61.62±3.7% and 82.8±1.5% tumor growth at 100 and 200 mg/kg, respectively. Tumor histology revealed significant reduction in vascularization. Anti-angiogenic efficacy of EOS was investigated in human endothelial cells (HUVEC. In vitro, EOS inhibited migration and tube formation of HUVECs. HPLC data showed high content of rosmarinic acid in EOS. This work supports previous anti-tumor works on the plant in which suppression of VEGFR phosphorylation is thought to be involved.

  6. Growth kinetics and in vivo radiosensitivity in nude mice of two subpopulations derived from a single human small cell carcinoma of the lung

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Spang-Thomsen, M; Clerici, M; Engelholm, S A;

    1986-01-01

    The growth kinetics and the in vivo radiosensitivity of two human small cell carcinomas of the lung (SCCL) grown in nude mice were investigated. The tumors, CPH SCCL 54A and 54B, were derived by in vitro cloning of a single SCCL and were subsequently serially grown in nude mice. The growth curves...... were described according to a transformed Gompertz function, and the cell kinetics were examined by flow cytometric DNA analysis (FCM) and by the technique of labelled mitoses. The effect of single-dose irradiation was estimated by the specific growth delay calculated from the growth curves, and by the...... cell cycle distribution changes monitored by FCM. The results showed that the tumors differed in the in vivo radiosensitivity despite similarities in the growth kinetics. The results support the concept that difference in sensitivity among tumor subpopulations is an important reason for therapeutic...

  7. Undifferentiated Human Adipose-derived Stromal/Stem Cells loaded onto Wet-Spun Starch-polycaprolactone Scaffolds Enhance Bone Regeneration: Nude Mice Calvarial Defect in vivo Study

    OpenAIRE

    Carvalho, Pedro P.; Leonor, Isabel B.; Smith, Brenda J.; Dias, Isabel R.; Reis, Rui L.; Jeffrey M Gimble; Gomes, Manuela E.

    2013-01-01

    The repair of large bony defects remains challenging in the clinical setting. Human adipose-derived stromal/stem cells (hASCs) have been reported to differentiate along different cell lineages, including the osteogenic. The objective of the present study was to assess the bone regeneration potential of undifferentiated hASCs loaded in starch-polycaprolactone (SPCL) scaffolds, in a critical-sized nude mice calvarial defect.

  8. Adenovirus-Mediated Herpes Simplex Virus Thymidine Kinase Gene Transfer Driver by KDR Promoter in Treatment of Experimental Human HepatocelLular Carcinoma in Nude Mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Bao-jin; ZHANG Chao; YI Yuan-xue; HAO Ying; LIU Xiao-ping; OU Qing-jia

    2007-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the therapeutic efficacy of adenovirus-mediated herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase (HSV-tk) gene transfer under the driving of KDR promoter (AdKDR-tk) in combination of ganciclovir (GCV) against human hepatocellular carcinoma in nude mice. Methods: HepG2 cell line was implanted subcutaneously into 32 nude mice, which were subsequently divided into 4 groups (n=8 each group): Ganciclovir group (Ⅰ), Ad group (Ⅱ), AdCMV-tk/GCV group (under the driving of CMV promoter) (Ⅲ) and AdKDR-tk/GCV group (Ⅳ). Then intratumoral injection of recombinant adenovirus or Ad was performed in all nude mice, and repeated 24 h later. For the following 10 d GCV was given at a dose of 100 mg/(kg·d), ip. All the treated animals were killed to evaluate the tumor weight and the histopathological changes and the microvessel density of tumors after the treatment was determined. Results: Compared with group Ⅰ, the tumor inhibitory rate was 12.3% in group Ⅲ and 24.5% in group Ⅳ; the inhibition rates were significantly different between group Ⅲ and Ⅳ (P<0.05). The mean MVDs in group Ⅰ, Ⅱ, Ⅲand Ⅳ were 37.4±8.6, 30.6±7.8, 27.6±7.1, and 10.7±4.1 (microvessels/mm2), respectively. Significant differences were found between group Ⅲ and Ⅱ (P<0.05), Ⅳ and Ⅱ (P<0.01), and Ⅳ and Ⅲ (P<0.01). Conclusion: Intratumoral injection of AdKDR-tk results in marked inhibition of HCC growth through inhibition angiogenesis in nude mice. It may be a new treatment approach for human HCC.

  9. Effects of recombinant human growth hormone on growth of human gastric carcinoma xenograft model in nude mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Dao-Ming Liang; Jia-Yong Chen; Yi Zhang; Ping Gan; Jie Lin; An-Bao Chen

    2006-01-01

    AIM: To study effects of recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) on growth of a human gastric carcinoma cell in vivo.METHODS: Experimental mice were divided into control group, rhGH group, oxaliplatin (L-OHP) group and rhGH+L-OHP group. Cultured human gastric carcinoma cells BGC823 were inoculated into right axilla of nude mice and carcinoma xenograft model wasestablished successfully. Inhibitory rate of xenograft tumor growth was estimated by measuring tumor volume; expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), Bax and Bcl-2 proteins of xenograft tumor was detected using immunohistochemical S-P method.RESULTS: Tumor growth inhibitory rate, the positive expression rate of PCNA, Bax and Bcl-2 were 49.3%,58.2%, 65.2% and 59.2% in rhGH+L-OHP group respectively; 46.6%, 62.5%, 59.7% and 64.7% in L-OHP group; 5.0%, 82.7%, 23.2% and 82.2% in rhGH group and 0, 77.8%, 23.5% and 80.3% in control group. There was significant difference between rhGH+L-OHP group (or L-OHP group ) and control group or rhGH group (P <0.05), whereas there were no significant differences (P >0.05) between L-OHP group and rhGH+L-OHP group and between rhGH group and control group.CONCLUSION: rhGH does not accelerate the proliferation of human gastric cancer cell in vivo.

  10. Activity of a new vascular targeting agent, ZD6126, in pulmonary metastases by human lung adenocarcinoma in nude mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goto, Hisatsugu; Yano, Seiji; Zhang, Helong; Matsumori, Yuka; Ogawa, Hirohisa; Blakey, David C; Sone, Saburo

    2002-07-01

    ZD6126 (ANG453) is a novel vascular targeting agent that selectively disrupts the cytoskeleton of endothelial cells in tumor. In mouse s.c. xenograft models, ZD6126 was found to induce selective occlusion of tumor blood vessels, cessation of tumor blood flow, and death of tumor cells because of the starvation of oxygen and nutrition. Here, we investigated whether ZD6126 inhibited the metastatic formation of human non-small cell lung cancer cells. PC14PE6 (adenocarcinoma) and H226 (squamous cell carcinoma) cells were injected into the tail vein of nude mice, and lung metastases were estimated. ZD6126 treatment involved either a single dose on 24 h before killing or daily doses from day 14 until the end of the experiment. Single treatment with i.p. injection of 200 mg/kg ZD6126 caused bleeding and necrotic changes in the tumor by 24 h. Histological analysis revealed that apoptotic tumor cells were markedly increased in the ZD6126-treated group. Moreover, ZD6126 induced the apoptosis of CD31-positive vascular endothelial cells in tumors but not in the normal lung parenchyma. When mice were treated daily with 100 mg/kg ZD6126 from day 14 until the end of the experiment, the lung weight was significantly less in the ZD6126-treated group than that of the control group, despite no difference in the number of metastatic nodules. These data suggest that ZD6126 could demonstrate its antitumor activity against both already established and early phase of lung cancer metastasis by causing the selective apoptosis of tumor endothelial cells and destruction of the tumor vasculature. PMID:12097279

  11. Combination of Albendazole and 2-Methoxyestradiol significantly improves the survival of HCT-116 tumor-bearing nude mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Albendazole (ABZ) is a microtubule-targeting anthelmintic with a remarkable activity against a variety of human cancer cells. In this study, we examined if the antitumor activity of ABZ could be enhanced by its combination with other microtubule-binding agents. The interactions between ABZ and microtubule-binding agents, paclitaxel, vinblastine, colchicine, and 2-methoxyestradiol were characterized using median effect analysis method in HCT-116 colorectal cancer cells and DU145 prostate cancer cell line. The mechanism underlying the synergistic interaction related to tubulin polymerization and apoptosis was then investigated. Finally, the effect of the combination therapy on the survival of HCT-116 tumor-bearing nude mice was evaluated. Among the tested drugs, a synergistic anti-proliferative effect was observed with the combination of low concentrations of ABZ plus colchicine and ABZ plus 2-methoxyestradiol (2ME). Exploring the mechanism of the interaction between ABZ and 2ME revealed that the combination therapy synergistically activated the extrinsic pathway of apoptosis. Consistent with in vitro results, the combination of low concentration of ABZ with 2ME prolonged the survival of mice-bearing HCT-116 tumors. High concentration of ABZ in combination with 2ME, however, proved to be less effective than ABZ alone. The combination of low doses of ABZ and 2ME has shown promising results in our pre-clinical model. Additionally, the finding that the combination of two microtubule-binding agents that share the same binding site can act synergistically may lead to the development of new therapeutic strategies in cancer treatment

  12. Intratumoral injection with [188Re]rhenium sulfide suspension for treatment of transplanted human liver carcinoma in nude mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common malignancies in China. Direct intratumoral injection of non removable radioactive material has been widely studied because it could deliver high doses of radiation to target sites and minimize radiation leakage to non-target organs or tissues. Thirty nude mice bearing SMMC 7721 human liver carcinoma were used for the biodistribution study after intratumoral injection of [188Re]rhenium sulfide suspension or sodium [188Re]perrhenate solution. Another 30 tumor-bearing mice were divided into six groups, four groups of which were treated with a 0.1 ml [188Re]rhenium sulfide suspension at doses of 3.7, 7.4, 18.5, 29.6 MBq by a single intratumoral injection. For control studies, to study the tumor inhibiting ratio, the remaining two groups were injected with nonradioactive rhenium sulfide suspension and Hanks' balanced salt solution, respectively. The injections were repeated 6 days later. The retention percentages of radioactivity (%ID) in tumors injected with [188Re]rhenium sulfide suspension were 90.96 ± 6.63%, 86.09 ± 22.58% and 87.62 ± 13.97% at 1, 24 and 48 h, respectively. Tumor inhibition ratios are as high as 89% when the outer space of tumor (0.5-0.6 cm from center) received about 507.6 Gy doses. Intratumoral injection of [188Re]rhenium sulfide suspension results in high tumor retention indicating this approach has strong potential for the treatment of hepatic carcinoma

  13. Comparison of conventional and novel PET tracers for imaging mesothelioma in nude mice with subcutaneous and intrapleural xenografts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tsuji, Atsushi B.; Sogawa, Chizuru; Sugyo, Aya [Diagnostic Imaging Group, Molecular Imaging Center, National Institute of Radiological Sciences, Chiba 263-8555 (Japan); Sudo, Hitomi [Diagnostic Imaging Group, Molecular Imaging Center, National Institute of Radiological Sciences, Chiba 263-8555 (Japan); Department of Pathology and Oncology, Juntendo University School of Medicine, Tokyo, 113-8421 (Japan); Toyohara, Jun [Division of Clinical Neuroscience, Chiba University Center for Forensic Mental Health, 206-8670 (Japan); Koizumi, Mitsuru [Diagnostic Imaging Group, Molecular Imaging Center, National Institute of Radiological Sciences, Chiba 263-8555 (Japan); Abe, Masaaki; Hino, Okio [Department of Pathology and Oncology, Juntendo University School of Medicine, Tokyo, 113-8421 (Japan); Harada, Yoshi-nobu; Furukawa, Takako [Diagnostic Imaging Group, Molecular Imaging Center, National Institute of Radiological Sciences, Chiba 263-8555 (Japan); Suzuki, Kazutoshi [Molecular Probe Group, Molecular Imaging Center, National Institute of Radiological Sciences, Chiba 263-8555 (Japan); Saga, Tsuneo [Diagnostic Imaging Group, Molecular Imaging Center, National Institute of Radiological Sciences, Chiba 263-8555 (Japan)], E-mail: saga@nirs.go.jp

    2009-05-15

    Introduction: Malignant mesothelioma is a highly aggressive tumor originating in the pleura, peritoneum and pericardium, and the prognosis of patients undergoing current treatment remains poor. To develop new therapies, it is important to have a noninvasive imaging system for evaluating the efficacy of such prospective treatments. We have established clinically relevant mouse models and evaluated conventional and novel positron emission tomography (PET) tracers. Methods: Epithelioid and sarcomatoid mesothelioma cells were inoculated subcutaneously and intrapleurally into nude mice. Biodistribution and PET imaging studies were conducted by injecting [{sup 18}F]fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (FDG), 3'-[{sup 18}F]fluoro-3'-doxythymidine (FLT) or 4'-methyl-[{sup 11}C]thiothymidine (S-dThd) into the mouse models. In vitro cellular uptake of [{sup 14}C]FDG and [{sup 3}H]FLT and thymidine kinase 1 (TK{sub 1}) activity in both cell lines were measured. Expression of glucose transporter 1 (GLUT-1) and Ki-67 in xenografted tumors was evaluated by immunohistochemical staining. Results: In epithelioid mesothelioma models, biodistribution experiments showed that tumor uptake of [{sup 11}C]S-dThd was significantly higher than that of [{sup 18}F]FDG. On the other hand, in sarcomatoid models, [{sup 18}F]FDG showed significantly higher accumulation than the other two tracers. These differential uptakes of the three tracers were confirmed by PET imaging. The cellular uptake of [{sup 14}C]FDG and [{sup 3}H]FLT and TK{sub 1} activity in sarcomatoid cells were higher than those of epithelioid cells. GLUT-1 protein was strongly expressed in sarcomatoid but not in epithelioid tumor. We observed a high percentage of Ki-67-positive cells in both epithelioid and sarcomatoid tumors. Conclusions: We established nude mouse models of epithelioid and sarcomatoid subtypes of mesothelioma. PET tracers applicable for the evaluation of epithelioid and sarcomatoid mesothelioma would vary

  14. Comparison of conventional and novel PET tracers for imaging mesothelioma in nude mice with subcutaneous and intrapleural xenografts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Introduction: Malignant mesothelioma is a highly aggressive tumor originating in the pleura, peritoneum and pericardium, and the prognosis of patients undergoing current treatment remains poor. To develop new therapies, it is important to have a noninvasive imaging system for evaluating the efficacy of such prospective treatments. We have established clinically relevant mouse models and evaluated conventional and novel positron emission tomography (PET) tracers. Methods: Epithelioid and sarcomatoid mesothelioma cells were inoculated subcutaneously and intrapleurally into nude mice. Biodistribution and PET imaging studies were conducted by injecting [18F]fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (FDG), 3'-[18F]fluoro-3'-doxythymidine (FLT) or 4'-methyl-[11C]thiothymidine (S-dThd) into the mouse models. In vitro cellular uptake of [14C]FDG and [3H]FLT and thymidine kinase 1 (TK1) activity in both cell lines were measured. Expression of glucose transporter 1 (GLUT-1) and Ki-67 in xenografted tumors was evaluated by immunohistochemical staining. Results: In epithelioid mesothelioma models, biodistribution experiments showed that tumor uptake of [11C]S-dThd was significantly higher than that of [18F]FDG. On the other hand, in sarcomatoid models, [18F]FDG showed significantly higher accumulation than the other two tracers. These differential uptakes of the three tracers were confirmed by PET imaging. The cellular uptake of [14C]FDG and [3H]FLT and TK1 activity in sarcomatoid cells were higher than those of epithelioid cells. GLUT-1 protein was strongly expressed in sarcomatoid but not in epithelioid tumor. We observed a high percentage of Ki-67-positive cells in both epithelioid and sarcomatoid tumors. Conclusions: We established nude mouse models of epithelioid and sarcomatoid subtypes of mesothelioma. PET tracers applicable for the evaluation of epithelioid and sarcomatoid mesothelioma would vary: [18F]FLT and [11C]S-dThd seemed suitable for the epithelioid subtype and [18F]FDG seemed

  15. Studies on biodistribution and imaging of 188Re labeled insulin-like growth factor-1 analogue in nude mice bearing human pancreatic carcinoma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To evaluate the biodistribution and planar gamma camera imaging characteristics of 188Re labeled insulin-like growth factor 1 analogue (188Re-IGF-1A) in tumor-bearing mice. Methods: (1)To label IGF-1A with 188Re directly and to determine the labeling efficiency. (2)To establish nude mice model which bearing human pancreatic carcinoma cell Patu8988. (3)To scan those nude mice at 15 min, 1 h, 4 h, 24 h, 3 d and 5 d after intratumor injection with 188Re-IGF-1A into their tumors. (4)To scan those nude mice at 15 min, 1 h, 2 h, 4 h and 24 h after intratumor injection with 188ReO4- into their tumors. To calculate the tumor to normal tissue ratio (T/NT) and the percentages of injected dose per gram tissue (%ID/g) of different organs. Results: (1)The labeling efficiency of 188Re-IGF-1A was (94.07 ± 0.32)%. (2)The largest uptake of tumors was (42.38 ± 17.82)%ID/g at 4 h after injection of 188Re-IGF-1A. Then the tumor to normal tissue ratios 5ncreased and the largest tumor to muscle ratio was 6531.79 ± 4930.26 at 5 d after injection. (3) 188ReO4- was major distributed in thyroid glands, stomachs, tumors and blood in nude mice after injection at first. Then %ID/g decreased rapidly in tumors. (4) The difference of %ID/g was significant (t=5.877, t=13.287, P188Re-IGF-1A group than in 188ReO4- group. The largest ratio of tumors in the two groups was 74.10 at 24 h after injection. (5) After being injected, 188Re-IGF-1A formed clear images in tumors, 5 d later, nothing but tumors can be seen. Conclusions: 188Re-IGF-1A has good affinity with human pancreatic cancer, and the tumor to muscle ratios in nude mice is high. So 188Re-IGF-1A is expected to be used for targeting therapy of human pancreatic carcinoma. (authors)

  16. Effects of soy isoflavone extracts on the growth of estrogen-dependent human breast cancer (MCF-7) tumors implanted in ovariectomized nude mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WU Qian; JIN NianZu; YU Jing; ZHAO RenChen; YU ZePing; QIAO ShanLei; LU XiaoHe; ZHANG ChunWen

    2009-01-01

    In this study,we explored the effects of soy isoflavone extracts on the growth of estrogen-dependent human breast cancer (MCF-7) tumors implanted in ovariectomized athymic mice.The ovariectomized athymic mice were implanted with MCF-7 cells.They were fed with low,moderate and high doses of soy isoflavone extracts,at dietary concentrations of 6.25,12.5 and 25 g/kg,respectively.The expression of ki-67 was detected by immunohistochemistry.The pS2 expression in tumors was analyzed by real-time PCR.Estrogen level in the serum was measured by chemiluminescence enzyme immunoassay.Com-pared with the control group,dietary soy isoflavone extracts had a significant stimulatory effect on MCF-7 tumor growth in mice (P 0.05).The ki-67 and pS2 mRNA expressions in tumors were signifi-cantly increased by 6.25 and 12.5 g/kg dose of soy isoflavone extracts (P 0.05).And,estrogen level in serum of 6.25 and 12.5 g/kg dose groups was higher than that of control group (P 0.05).In conclusion,in the tested dietary concentration range soy isoflavone extracts had a stimulatory effect on tumor growth.6.25 and 12.5 g/kg doses of soy isoflavone extracts can increase the cell proliferation in tumors and induce estrogen-responsive pS2 expression.

  17. Establishment of orthotopic impact/metastasis model of human ovary cancer in nude mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯向华; 辛晓燕; 杨红; 王德堂; 郭慧玲

    2003-01-01

    Objective:To establish a patient-like human ovary carcinoma/spontaneous metastasis model using orthotopic transplanation of histologically intact tumor tissue.Methods:An highly metastatic ovarian tumor line(HO8910PM:Human serum carcinoma of the ovary)previously grown substaneously was transplanted into the ovicapsule using microsurgery technique .Histologically intact human ovary tumor pieces gained from implantation site were passaged between ovicapsules for four generations.Results:All mice developed ovary tumors and the metastatic rates were about 75%.The tumors only metastasized to liver but no other organs.The earliest appearance of metastasis was 14 d and the average survival period was 20.7 ± 4.89 d.The microscopic appearance of the metastases was similar to the tumor observed in the substaneous xenografts and orthotopically transplanted.Chromosomes analysis exhibited the feature of human carcinoma and retained genetic stability during the processes of passage.Conclusion:Orthotopic implanation provides a suitable micro-enviroment in which ovarian cancer can express its intrinsic clinically-relevant properties.This approach is relevant to the spontaneous development of ovarian cancer and is thought to be a useful model for studies of metastatic mechanism and therapy for ovary cancer.

  18. Antitumor and radiosensitizing effects of (E)-2'-Deoxy-2'-(Fluoromethylene) cytidine, a novel inhibior of ribonucleotide diphosphate reductase on human colon carcinoma xenografts in nude mice.

    OpenAIRE

    Sun, Lin-Quan; Li, Ye-Xiong; Guillou, Louis; Mirimanoff, René-Olivier; Coucke, Philippe

    1997-01-01

    Antitumor and radiosensitizing effects of (E).2'-deoxy.2'-(fluromethyl ene) cytidine (FMdC), a novel inhibitor of ribonucleotide reductase, were evaluated on nude mice bearing s.c. xenografts and liver metastases of a human colon carcinoma. FMdC given once daily or twice weekly has a dose-dependent antitumor effect. The maximum tolerated dose In the mice was reached with 10 mgi'kg applied daily over 12 days. Twice weekly administration of FMdC reduced its toxicity but lowere...

  19. Effects of Chinese Jianpi herbs on cell apoptosis and related gene expression in human gastric cancer grafted onto nude mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ai-Guang Zhao; Hai-Lei Zhao; Xiao-Jie Jin; Jin-Kun Yang; Lai-Di Tang

    2002-01-01

    AIM: To explore the mechanism of the Sijunzi decoction and another Chinese herbal recipe (SRRS) based mainly on the Sijunzi decoction in treatment of gastric cancer.METHODS: A human gastric adenocarcinoma cell line SGC7901 grafted onto nude mouse was used as the animal model. The mice were divided into 3 groups, one control and the two representative experimental conditions. Ahimals in the two experimental groups received either Sijunzi decoction or SRRS over a 40-day period starting at 1st day after grafting. Control animals received saline on an identical schedule. Animals were killed 41 days after being grafted.The effect of therapy was assessed by two ways: (1)tumor size was periodically measured during the life of the animals; (2) tumor weight was determined by a electron balance immediately after the animals killed. For detection of apoptotic cells, apoptotic indices(AI) were examined by the terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated deoxyuddine tdphosphate fluorescence nick end labeling (TUNEL) method.Morphological alterations were observed with electron microscopy. S-P immunohistochemical method was used to detect the expression of Ki-67 in xenografts. Expression of bcl-2 and p53 was semiquantitatively detected using a reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR)technique.RESULTS: When compared with controls, tumor growth (size and weight) was significantly inhibited by treatment with the Sijunzi decoction (P<0.05) or SRRS (P<0.01). The tumor inhibitory rate in the Sijunzi decoction group was 34.33 % and SRRS group 46.53 %. AI of human gastric cancer xenografts in nude mice was significantly increased to 16.24±3.21% using TUNEL method and 11.38±6.46 % by FACScan in the Sijunzi decoction group compared with the controls (TUNEL: 2.63±1.03 %, P<0.01; FACScan: 7.15± 1.32 %, P<0.05). SRRS group was also found a significantly increased AI by using TUNEL method and flow cytometry analysis compared with the controls (TUNEL: 13.18±3

  20. Anti-cancer and anti-angiogenic effects of curcumin and tetrahydrocurcumin on implanted hepatocellular carcinoma in nude mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Pornprom Yoysungnoen; Ponthip Wirachwong; Chatchawan Changtam; Apichart Suksamrarn; Suthiluk Patumraj

    2008-01-01

    AIM: To determine the effect of tetrahydrocurcumin (THC) on tumor angiogenesis compared with curcumin (CUR) by using both in vitro and in vivo models of human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line (HepG2).METHODS: The 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyl-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay was used for testing the anti-proliferating activities of CUR and THC. In male BALB/c nude mice, 2 x 106 human HepG2 cells were inoculated onto a dorsal skin-fold chamber. One day after HepG2 inoculation, the experimental groups were fed oral daily with CUR or THC (300 mg/kg or 3000 mg/kg). On d 7, 14 and 21, the tumor microvasculature was observed using fluorescence videomicroscopy and capillary vascularity (CV) was measured.RESULTS: Pathological angiogenic features including microvascular dilatation, tortuosity, and hyper-permeability were observed. CUR and THC could attenuate these pathologic features. In HepG2-groups, the CV were significantly increased on d 7 (52.43%), 14 (69.17%), and 21 (74.08%), as compared to controls (33.04%,P < 0.001). Treatment with CUR and THC resulted in significant decrease in the CV (P < 0.005 and P < 0.001, respectively). In particular, the anti-angiogenic effects of CUR and THC were dose-dependent manner. However, the beneficial effect of THC treatment than CUR was observed, in particular, from the 21 d CV (44.96% and 52.86%, P < 0.05).CONCLUSION: THC expressed its anti-angiogenesis without any cytotoxic activities to HepG2 cells even at the highest doses. It is suggested that anti-angiogenic properties of CUR and THC represent a common potential mechanism for their anti-cancer actions.

  1. Rasfonin, a novel 2-pyrone derivative, induces ras-mutated Panc-1 pancreatic tumor cell death in nude mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiao, Z; Li, L; Li, Y; Zhou, W; Cheng, J; Liu, F; Zheng, P; Zhang, Y; Che, Y

    2014-01-01

    Rasfonin is a novel 2-pyrone derivative reported to induce apoptosis in ras-dependent cells. In this study, its effects on ras-mutated pancreatic cancer cells were investigated in vitro and in vivo. Two human pancreatic cancer cell lines Panc-1 (mutated K-ras) and BxPC-3 (wild-type K-ras) were selected to test the effects of rasfonin on cell proliferation, clone formation, migration and invasion in vitro. Immunoblotting was used to detect the expressions of EGFR-Ras-Raf-MEK-ERK signaling pathway proteins. Ras activity was measured using a pull-down ELISA kit and guanine exchange factor (GEF)/GTPase-activating proteins (GAP) activity was measured by [(3)H]-GDP radiometric ligand binding. For an in vivo study, CD1 nude mice bearing Panc-1 cells were treated with rasfonin or Salirasib (FTS). We found that rasfonin suppressed proliferation more strongly in Panc-1 cells (IC50=5.5 μM) than BxPC-3 cells (IC50=10 μM) in vitro. Clone formation, migration and invasion by Panc-1 cells were also reduced by rasfonin. Rasfonin had little effect on the farnesylation of Ras, but it strongly downregulated Ras activity and consequently phosphorylation of c-Raf/MEK/ERK. Further experiments indicated that rasfonin reduced Son of sevenless (Sos1) expression but did not alter GEF and GAP activities. The in vivo experiments also revealed that rasfonin (30 mg/kg) delayed the growth of xenograft tumors originating from Panc-1 cells. Tumor weight was ultimately decreased after 20 days of treatment of rasfonin. Rasfonin is a robust inhibitor of pancreatic cancers with the K-ras mutation. The reduction of Sos1 expression and the consequently depressed Ras-MAPK activity could be important in its anticancer activity. PMID:24853419

  2. Adipose stem cells' antagonism in glycosylation of D-galactose-induced skin aging of nude mice and its skin recovery function.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Haiying; Wei, Shuyue; Xue, Xinxin; You, Yuntian; Ma, Qiang

    2016-09-01

    This study aims to discuss adipose stem cells' (ASCs) antagonism in glycosylation of D-galactose-induced skin aging of nude mice and its skin recovery function; the study also aims to explore a new mechanism of anti-aging to provide clinical anti-aging therapy with new thoughts and methods. We selected 40 healthy specific pathogen-free (SPF) nude mice and divided them randomly into four groups which were: blank control group; D-galactose + phosphate buffer saline (PBS) group; D-galactose + ASCs treatment group; and D-galactose + aminoguanidine (AG) group. Results showed that the superoxide dismutase (SOD) level of mice in the D-galactose-induced model group (87.15 ± 4.95 U/g) decreased significantly compared with that of control group (146.21 ± 4.76 U/g), while malonaldehyde (MDA) level of mice in D-galactose induced model group (11.12 ± 2.08 nmol/mg) increased significantly compared with that of control group (5.46 ± 2.05 nmol/mg) (P bioluminescence, and they survive for a short time in the skin after transplantation, which provides a basis for the application of ASC transplantation in clinical practices. Moreover, ASCs can control glycosylation level of D-galactose-induced skin aging of nude mice, reverse expression of aging-related biomarkers as well as restrain formation of advanced glycation end products, which are similar to the effects of AG inhibitors of advanced glycation end products. Thus, ASCs can prevent glycosylation-induced skin aging as well as recover functions of skin. PMID:26916459

  3. Interim report on intrathoracic radiotherapy of human small-cell lung carcinoma in nude mice with Re-188-RC-160, a radiolabeled somatostatin analogue

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of Re-188-RC-160 in experimental models of human small cell lung carcinomas which mimic the clinical presentation. In the experimental model, cells from the human small cell lung carcinoma cell line NCI-H69 cells were inoculated into the thoracic cavity of athymic mice and rats. Subsequently, the biodistribution of Re-188-RC-160 after injection into the pleural cavity, a radiolabeled somatostatin analogue, was monitored as was the effect on the subsequent growth of tumors. The results presented here, and which are a part of a larger series of studies, suggest that Re-188-RC-160 can be effectively used in this animal model to restrict the growth of small cell lung carcinoma in the thoracic cavity

  4. Experimental study on selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor combined with radiotherapy for human prostate carcinoma xenografts in nude mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To investigate the anti-tumor and radiation-enhancement effects and observe a coordinate repression of celecoxib, a selected cyclooxygenase -2 inhibitor in prostate carcinoma. Methods: An animal model of human prostate carcinoma in BALC/C male nude mice was establised by injecting suspension of PC-3 cells and the mice were randomly divided into 4 groups which were interfered with celecoxib, radiation, and both celecoxib and radiation respectively, with 6 rats in each group. The effect of treatment was assessed by tumor growth delay (TGD) and radiosensitization enhancement effector (EF); the tumor tissues were collected and assessed for the detection of cyclooxygense-2 mRNA and prostaglandin E2 by RT-PCR and ELISA, and histopathological changes of transplanted mouse's important organs were observed. Results: The time that the longest diameters of all tumors growing from 8.0mm to 12.0mm for the control group and the celecoxib group was(6.18 ± 0.72)d and(7.87 ± 0.76)d, respectively ,while the time for the radiation group and celecoxib + radiation group was (9.16 ± 0.89)d and (12.62 ± 1.28)d respectively. The growth of tumors was significantly different among these groups (P2 levels between the control group and other groups (P2 levels between the radiation group and celecoxib + radiation group (P>0.05). Significant correlations were found between the growth delayed by celecoxib and the drop of prostaglandin E2 levels (r=0.807); Analysis of variance showed that there was no significant difference in cyclooxygense-2 mRNA among these four groups (P > 0.05). No significant toxic pathological changes of transplanted mouse's important organs were observed. Conclusion: Our results suggest a coordinative repression between celecoxib and radiation in inhibiting human prostate carcinoma xenografts by the anti-tumor and radiation-enhancement, which is safe and effective in some extent and may contribute to enlighten the future study and clinical therapy of

  5. A novel model of distal colon cancer in athymic mice Novo modelo de câncer de cólon distal em camundongos atímicos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denise Gonçalves Priolli

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available PURPOSE: The present a novel adenocarcinoma model in athymic mice. METHODS: Seven athymic mice were used. Colon diversion and distal fistula were made. Adenocarcinoma cells were inoculated in the submucosa of fistula. Tumor growth was monitored daily. Scintigraphy with 99mTc-MIBI was performed to identify the tumor. RESULTS: The model of distal colon cancer is feasible. Tumor detection was possible by both, macroscopically and molecular imaging. All resections demonstrated poorly differentiated tumors. Colon obstruction occurred in one case, similarly to evolution in human tumors of distal colon. CONCLUSION: The proposed model of distal colon cancer is feasible, allows for easy monitoring of tumoral growth by both, macroscopically and molecular imaging, and is suitable for studying the evolution of tumor with implementation of cytotoxic therapy in vivo.OBJETIVO: Apresentar novo modelo de adenocarcinoma distal em camundongos atímicos. MÉTODOS: Foram utilizados sete camundongos atímicos. Desvio do cólon distal e fístula foram feitas. Células de adenocarcinoma foram inoculadas na submucosa da fístula. O crescimento do tumor foi monitorado diariamente. Cintilografia com 99mTc-MIBI foi realizada para identificar o tumor. RESULTADOS: O modelo de câncer de cólon distal é viável. Detecção do tumor foi possível macroscopicamente e por imagem molecular. Todas as ressecções demonstraram tumores pouco diferenciados. Obstrução do cólon ocorreu em um caso, de forma semelhante à evolução em tumores humanos do cólon distal. CONCLUSÃO: O modelo de câncer do cólon distal proposto é viável, permite a monitorização fácil do crescimento tumoral macroscopicamente e por imagem molecular, sendo adequado para o estudo da evolução de tumor com aplicação de terapia citotóxica in vivo.

  6. Loquat (Eriobotrya japonica) leaf extract inhibits the growth of MDA-MB-231 tumors in nude mouse xenografts and invasion of MDA-MB-231 cells

    OpenAIRE

    You, Mi-Kyoung; Kim, Min-Sook; Jeong, Kyu-Shik; Kim, Eun; Kim, Yong-Jae; Kim, Hyeon-A

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES The present study was conducted to examine the inhibitory effect of loquat leaves on MDA-MB-231 cell proliferation and invasion. MATERIALS/METHODS Female athymic nude mice were given a subcutaneous (s.c.) inoculation of MDA-MB-231 cells and randomly grouped to receive a s.c. injection of either 500 mg/kg ethanol, water extract or vehicle five times a week. Tumor growth, mitotic rate and necrosis were examined. MDA-MB-231 cells were cultured with DMSO or with various conc...

  7. Fluorescence-guided surgery of retroperitoneal-implanted human fibrosarcoma in nude mice delays or eliminates tumor recurrence and increases survival compared to bright-light surgery.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fuminari Uehara

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to determine if fluorescence-guided surgery (FGS can eradicate human fibrosarcoma growing in the retroperitoneum of nude mice. One week after retroperitoneal implantation of human HT1080 fibrosarcoma cells, expressing green fluorescent protein (GFP (HT-1080-GFP, in nude mice, bright-light surgery (BLS was performed on all tumor-bearing mice (n = 22. After BLS, mice were randomized into 2 treatment groups; BLS-only (n = 11 or the combination of BLS + FGS (n = 11. The residual tumors remaining after BLS were resected with FGS using a hand-held portable imaging system under fluorescence navigation. The average residual tumor area after BLS + FGS was significantly smaller than after BLS-only (0.4 ± 0.4 mm(2 and 10.5 ± 2.4 mm(2, respectively; p = 0.006. Five weeks after surgery, the fluorescent-tumor areas of BLS- and BLS + FGS-treated mice were 379 ± 147 mm(2 and 11.7 ± 6.9 mm(2, respectively, indicating that FGS greatly inhibited tumor recurrence compared to BLS. The combination of BLS + FGS significantly decreased fibrosarcoma recurrence compared to BLS-only treated mice (p < 0.001. Mice treated with BLS+FGS had a significantly higher disease-free survival rate than mice treated with BLS-only at five weeks after surgery. These results suggest that combination of BLS + FGS significantly reduced the residual fibrosarcoma volume after BLS and improved disease-free survival.

  8. Radiolabeling of anti-human prostatic specific membrane antigen antibody with 99Tcm and its biodistribution in nude mice bearing human prostate cancer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To study the binding affinity of 99Tcm labeled anti-human prostatic specific membrane antigen (PSMA) monoclonal antibody (McAb) J591 to prostate cancer cells and the biodistribution of 99Tcm-J591 in nude mice bearing human prostate cancer. Methods: The McAb J591 was labeled with vTcm by improved Schwarz method and the labeled McAb was purified by Sephadex G-50. The binding affinity of J591 with prostate cancer cells was measured by Flow Cytometry. The nude mice bearing PSMA-positive C4-2 prostate carcinoma xenografts were served as experiment groups, mice with PSMA-negative pc3 tumors served as controls. The biodistribution of 99Tcm-J591 were carried out in both model nude mice. Results: The radiolabeling efficiency of 99Tcm-J591 was 78.9±6.2%, and radiochemical purity was more than 90% after purification. The 99Tcm-J591 showed a good combination with PSMA-positive C4-2 cells and no combination with PSMA-negative PC3 cells in vitro. The biodistribution results showed that 99Tcm-J591 was accumulated in tumor tissue during the 2-24 hours after injection in experiment groups, and no significant uptake in control group. The uptake of 99Tcm-J591 in tumor tissue reached a maximum 15.91±5.16 % ID/g in experimental group at 12h post-injection. There was a significant difference compared with controls (P0.05). Conclusion: The monoclonal antibody J591 exhibits an excellent immuno-reactivity and tumor targeting property, and it may be used in diagnosis and target therapy of prostate cancer. (authors)

  9. The effect of finasteride and dutasteride on the growth of WPE1-NA22 prostate cancer xenografts in nude mice.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander B Opoku-Acheampong

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: 5α-reductase 1 (5αR1 and 5α-reductase 2 (5αR2 convert testosterone into the more potent androgen dihydrotestosterone. 5αR2 is the main isoenzyme in normal prostate tissue; however, most prostate tumors have increased 5αR1 and decreased 5αR2 expression. Previously, finasteride (5αR2 inhibitor treatment begun 3 weeks post-tumor implantation had no effect on Dunning R3327-H rat prostate tumor growth. We believe the tumor compensated for finasteride treatment by increasing tumor 5αR1 expression or activity. We hypothesize that finasteride treatment would not significantly alter tumor growth even if begun before tumor implantation, whereas dutasteride (5αR1 and 5αR2 inhibitor treatment would decrease tumor growth regardless of whether treatment was initiated before or after tumor implantation. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Sixty 8-week-old male nude mice were randomized to Control, Pre- and Post-Finasteride, and Pre- and Post-Dutasteride (83.3 mg drug/kg diet diet groups. Pre- and post-groups began their treatment diets 1-2 weeks prior to or 3 weeks after subcutaneous injection of 1×10⁵ WPE1-NA22 human prostate cancer cells, respectively. Tumors were allowed to grow for 22 weeks; tumor areas, body weights, and food intakes were measured weekly. At study's conclusion, prostate and seminal vesicle weights were significantly decreased in all treatment groups versus the control; dutasteride intake significantly decreased seminal vesicle weights compared to finasteride intake. No differences were measured in final tumor areas or tumor weights between groups, likely due to poor tumor growth. In follow-up studies, proliferation of WPE1-NA22 prostate cancer cells and parent line RWPE-1 prostate epithelial cells were unaltered by treatment with testosterone, dihydrotestosterone, or mibolerone, suggesting that these cell lines are not androgen-sensitive. CONCLUSION: The lack of response of WPE1-NA22 prostate cancer cells to androgen

  10. Imaging the microenvironment of pancreatic cancer patient-derived orthotopic xenografts (PDOX) growing in transgenic nude mice expressing GFP, RFP, or CFP.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoffman, Robert M; Bouvet, Michael

    2016-09-28

    We have developed a multi-color, imageable, orthotopic mouse model for individual patients with pancreatic cancer. The tumors are labeled by first passaging them orthotopically through transgenic nude mice expressing green fluorescent protein (GFP), red fluorescent protein (RFP), or cyan fluorescent protein (CFP). Passage of the tumors in these colored transgenic mice labels the stromal cells of the tumor. The cancer cells in the PDOX are labeled in situ with GFP by telomerase-dependent adenovirus OBP-401. The models are termed imageable patient-derived orthotopic xenografts (iPDOX). The tumors acquired brightly-fluorescent stromal cells from the transgenic host mice, which were stably associated with the tumors through multiple passages. The colored fluorescent protein-expressing stromal cells included cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) and tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs). This model enables powerful color-coded imaging of the interaction of cancer and stromal cells during tumor progression and treatment. PMID:26742463

  11. Preliminary study on guiding therapy of subcutaneous human hetero graft in nude mice by 211-At labelled monoclonal antibody against gastric cancer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In short time, 211At labelled monoclonal antibody 3H11 inhibited the growth of human gastric cancer grafted in nude mice effectively. The most evident inhibition was observed at the 9th day after treatment, and the tumor inhibition rates were 80%, 93%, 48% in the groups of intravenous injection, internal tumor injection (both 211At-3H11 5 μCi per animal), Na211 At (5 μCi per animal) treatment respectively. On the 20th day, when animals were killed, the tumor inhibition rates were 66%, 81%, 6%, respectively. Inhibition treated with Na211At showed obviously lower than those at the 9th day

  12. Effect of melphalan on growth curves and cell cycle distribution of four human small cell carcinomas of the lung grown in nude mice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Engelholm, S A; Spang-Thomsen, M; Vindeløv, L L;

    1986-01-01

    Four human small cell carcinomas of the lung grown in nude mice were exposed to melphalan. Two of the tumors were derived from subpopulations isolated by in vitro cloning from the same tumor biopsy. The chemosensitivity of the tumors was determined by calculating the specific growth delay. Drug......-induced changes in the cell cycle were detected by flow cytometric DNA analysis. The specific growth delay of the tumors was very different with the greatest differences between the two subpopulations originating from the same tumor. Melphalan induced a dose-related S phase accumulation in three sensitive tumors...

  13. Effect of 17 beta-oestradiol on growth curves and flow cytometric DNA distribution of two human breast carcinomas grown in nude mice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brünner, N; Spang-Thomsen, M; Vindeløv, L;

    1983-01-01

    The effect of 17 beta-oestradiol on a "receptor positive" and on a "receptor negative" human breast carcinoma grown in nude mice was studied. Experimental growth data were used to determine the effect on tumour growth. Flow cytometric DNA analysis (FCM) performed on tumour tissue obtained by...... sequential fine-needle aspirations was used to estimate the effect on the cell cycle. In the receptor-positive breast carcinoma, oestradiol induced complete tumour regression and characteristic cell cycle changes. In the receptor-negative breast carcinoma, no changes in tumour growth and cell cycle...

  14. Transplantation of human umbilical cord blood-derived mesenchymal stem cells or their conditioned medium prevents bone loss in ovariectomized nude mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    An, Jee Hyun; Park, Hyojung; Song, Jung Ah; Ki, Kyung Ho; Yang, Jae-Yeon; Choi, Hyung Jin; Cho, Sun Wook; Kim, Sang Wan; Kim, Seong Yeon; Yoo, Jeong Joon; Baek, Wook-Young; Kim, Jung-Eun; Choi, Soo Jin; Oh, Wonil; Shin, Chan Soo

    2013-03-01

    Umbilical cord blood (UCB) has recently been recognized as a new source of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) for use in stem cell therapy. We studied the effects of systemic injection of human UCB-MSCs and their conditioned medium (CM) on ovariectomy (OVX)-induced bone loss in nude mice. Ten-week-old female nude mice were divided into six groups: Sham-operated mice treated with vehicle (Sham-Vehicle), OVX mice subjected to UCB-MSCs (OVX-MSC), or human dermal fibroblast (OVX-DFB) transplantation, OVX mice treated with UCB-MSC CM (OVX-CM), zoledronate (OVX-Zol), or vehicle (OVX-Vehicle). Although the OVX-Vehicle group exhibited significantly less bone mineral density (BMD) gain compared with the Sham-Vehicle group, transplantation of hUCB-MSCs (OVX-MSC group) has effectively prevented OVX-induced bone mass attenuation. Notably, the OVX-CM group also showed BMD preservation comparable to the OVX-MSC group. In addition, microcomputed tomography analysis demonstrated improved trabecular parameters in both the OVX-MSC and OVX-CM groups compared to the OVX-Vehicle or OVX-DFB group. Histomorphometric analysis showed increased bone formation parameters, accompanied by increased serum procollagen type-I N-telopeptide levels in OVX-MSC and OVX-CM mice. However, cell-trafficking analysis failed to demonstrate engraftment of MSCs in bone tissue 48 h after cell infusion. In vitro, hUCB-MSC CM increased alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity in human bone marrow-derived MSCs and mRNA expression of collagen type 1, Runx2, osterix, and ALP in C3H10T1/2 cells. Furthermore, hUCB-MSC CM significantly increased survival of osteocyte-like MLO-Y4 cells, while it inhibited osteoclastic differentiation. To summarize, transplantation of hUCB-MSCs could effectively prevent OVX-mediated bone loss in nude mice, which appears to be mediated by a paracrine mechanism rather than direct engraftment of the MSCs. PMID:23215868

  15. Effects of Wei Chang An on expression of multiple genes in human gastric cancer grafted onto nude mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ai-Guang Zhao; Ting Li; Sheng-Fu You; Hai-Lei Zhao; Ying Gu; Lai-Di Tang; Jin-Kun Yang

    2008-01-01

    AIM:To investigate the expression of multiple genes in Chinese jianpi herbal recipe Wei Chang An (WCA) in human gastric cancer cell line SGC-7901.METHODS:A human gastric adenocarcinoma cell line SGC-7901 grafted onto nude mice was used as the animal model.The mice were randomly divided into 3 groups,one control and the two representing experimental conditions.Animals in the two experimental groups received either WCA over a 34-d period or 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) over 6-d period starting at 8th d after grafting.Control animals received saline on an identical schedule.Animals were killed 41 d after being grafted.The expression profiles in paired WCA treated gastric cancer samples and the N.S.control samples were studied by using a cDNA array representing 14181 cDNA clusters.The alterations in gene expression levels were confirmed by Real-time Quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR).RESULTS:When compared with controls,the average tumor inhibitory rate in WCA group was 44.32%±5.67% and 5-FU 47.04% 4±11.33% (P<0.01,respectively).The average labeling index (LI) for PCNA in WCA group and 5-FU group was significantly decreased compared with the control group.Apoptotic index (AI) was significantly increased to 9.72%±4.51% using the terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated deoxyuridine triphosphate fluorescence nick end labeling (TUNEL) method in WCA group compared with the controls 2.45%±1.37%.5-FU group was also found to have a significantly increased AI compared with the controls.The expression of cleaved Caspase-3 in WCA group and 5-FU group was significantly increased compared with the control group respectively.There were 45 different expressed sequence tags (ESTs) among the control sample pool and WCA sample pool.There were 24 ESTs up-regulated in WCA samples and 21 ESTs down-regulated.By using qPCR,the expression level of Stat3,rap2 interacting protein x (RIPX),regulator of differentiation 1 (ROD1) and Bcl-2 was lower in WCA group than that in control

  16. Interventional therapy for human breast cancer in nude mice with 131I gelatin microspheres (131I-GMSs) following intratumoral injection

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of 131I gelatin microspheres (131I-GMS) on human breast cancer cells (MCF-7) in nude mice and the biodistribution of 131I-GMSs following intratumoral injections. A total of 20 tumor-bearing mice were divided into a treatment group and control group and received intratumoral injections of 2.5 mci 131I-GMSs and nonradioactive GMSs, respectively. Tumor size was measured once per week. Another 16 mice received intratumoral injections of 0.4 mci 131I-GMSs and were subjected to single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) scans and tissue radioactivity concentration measurements on day 1, 4, 8 and 16 postinjection. The 20 tumor-bearing mice received intratumoral injections of 0.4 mci [131I] sodium iodide solution and were subjected to SPECT scans and intratumoral radioactivity measurements at 1, 6, 24, 48 and 72 h postinjection. The tumors were collected for histological examination. The average tumor volume in the 131I-GMSs group on post-treatment day 21 decreased to 86.82 ± 63.6%, while it increased to 893.37 ± 158.12% in the control group (P < 0.01 vs. the 131I-GMSs group). 131I-GMSs provided much higher intratumoral retention of radioactivity, resulting in 19.93 ± 5.24% of the injected radioactivity after 16 days, whereas the control group retained only 1.83 ± 0.46% of the injected radioactivity within the tumors at 1 h postinjection. 131I-GMSs suppressed the growth of MCF-7 in nude mice and provided sustained intratumoral radioactivity retention. The results suggest the potential of 131I-GMSs for clinical applications in radiotherapy for breast cancer

  17. Histological response and antigen transmission in the lymph nodes of athymic nu/nu mice inoculated with Crohn's disease tissue filtrates.

    OpenAIRE

    Collins, J. F.; Strickland, R. G.; Kekahbah, E L; Arthur, M H; Naeim, F.; Gitnick, G L

    1988-01-01

    Lymph node histology and antigen transmission in the nu/nu mouse in response to animal inoculation with Crohn's disease tissue filtrates were re-evaluated. We found that a hyperplastic lymph node response in nu/nu mice occurred with Crohn's disease (CD), ulcerative colitis (UC), or other intestinal disease (OID) tissue inoculations. In addition, antigen transmission to lymph nodes as detected by indirect immunofluorescence using CD sera was observed in all inoculation groups. The immunofluore...

  18. Effects of exogenous human leptin on heat shock protein 70 expression in MCF-7 breast cancer cells and breast carcinoma of nude mice xenograft model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XUE Rong-quan; GU Jun-chao; YU Wei; WANG Yu; ZHANG Zhong-tao; MA Xue-mei

    2012-01-01

    Background It is important to identify the multiple sites of leptin activity in obese women with breast cancer.In this study,we examined the effect of exogenous human leptin on heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) expression in MCF-7 human breast cancer cells and in a breast carcinoma xenograft model of nude mice.Methods We cultured MCF-7 human breast cancer cells and established nude mice bearing xenograffs of these cells,and randomly divided them into experimental and control groups.The experimental group was treated with human leptin,while the control group was treated with the same volume of normal saline.A real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay was developed to quantify the mRNA expression of HSP70 in the MCF-7 human breast cancer cells and in tumor tissues.Western blotting analysis was applied to quantify the protein expression of HSP70 in the MCF-7 cells.Immunohistochemical staining was done to assess the positive rate of HSP70 expression in the tumor tissues.Results Leptin activated HSP70 in a dose-dependent manner in vitro:leptin upregulated significantly the expression of HSP70 at mRNA and protein levels in MCF-7 human breast cancer cells (P <0.001).There was no significant difference in expression of HSP70 mRNA in the implanted tumors between the leptin-treated group and the control group (P>0.05).Immunohistochemical staining revealed no significant difference in tumor HSP70 expression between the leptin-treated group and the control group (P>0.05).Conclusions A nude mouse xenograft model can be safely and efficiently treated with human leptin by subcutaneous injections around the tumor.HSP70 may be target of leptin in breast cancer.Leptin can significantly upregulate the expression of HSP70 in a dose-dependent manner in vitro.

  19. Ectopic bone formation of human bone morphogenetic protein-2 gene transfected goat bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells in nude mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汤亭亭; 徐小良; 戴尅戎; 郁朝锋; 岳冰; 楼觉人

    2005-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the osteogenic potential of bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-2 gene transfected goat bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). Methods: Goat bone marrow- derived MSCs were transfected by Adv-human bone morphogenetic protein (hBMP)-2 gene(Group 1), Adv-beta gal transfected MSCs (Group 2)and uninfected MSCs(Group 3). Western blot analysis, alkaline phosphatase staining, Von Kossa staining and transmission electron microscopy were adopted to determine the phenotype of MSCs. Then the cells were injected into thigh muscles of the nude mice. Radiographical and histological evaluations were performed at different intervals. Results: Only Adv-hBMP-2 transfected MSCs produced hBMP-2. These cells were positive for alkaline phosphatase staining at the 12th day and were positive for Von Kossa staining at the 16th day after gene transfer. Electron microscopic observation showed that there were more rough endoplasmic reticulum, mitochondria and lysosomes in Adv-hBMP-2 transfected MSCs compared to MSCs of other two groups. At the 3rd and 6th weeks after cell injection, ectopic bones were observed in muscles of nude mice of Group 1. Only fibrous tissue or a little bone was found in other two groups. Conclusions: BMP-2 gene transfected MSCs can differentiate into osteoblasts in vitro and induce bone formation in vivo.

  20. Biodistribution and radioimmunoimage of iodine-125 labeled anti-human ADAM15 polyclonal antibody in nude mice bearing human gastric carcinoma xenografts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To investigate the biodistribution of Iodine-125 labeled anti-human ADAM15 polyclonal antibody in nude mice bearing human gastric carcinoma xenografts. Methods: The anti-human ADAM15 polyclonal antibody was labeled with I-125 using Chloramine-T method. The labeling efficiency and radiochemical purity of 125I-anti-ADAM15 antibody were measured. The SPECT planar imaging of nude mice bearing gastric carcinoma xenografts were performed at 1, 4, 8, 24, and 48 h post-injection and the biodistribution of 125I-anti-ADAM15 antibody was measured at 48 h after injection. Results: The labeling efficiency of 125I-anti-ADAM15 antibody was (75.16±9.43)% and its radiochemical purity was (99.44±0.21)% . Tumors could be cleanly visualized in SPECT planar images, and the radioactivity ratio of tumor to non-tumor tissue was 3.84±0.43 at 48 h post-injection. Conclusion: 125I-anti-ADAM15 antibody can target the gastric carcinoma in vivo, and provide good radioimmunoimages. (authors)

  1. Biased hypermutation occurred frequently in a gene inserted into the IC323 recombinant measles virus during its persistence in the brains of nude mice

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Otani, Sanae [Department of Virology and Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka City University, 1-4-3 Asahimachi, Abeno-ku, Osaka 545-8585 (Japan); Department of Pediatrics, Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka City University, Osaka (Japan); Ayata, Minoru, E-mail: maverick@med.osaka-cu.ac.jp [Department of Virology and Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka City University, 1-4-3 Asahimachi, Abeno-ku, Osaka 545-8585 (Japan); Takeuchi, Kaoru [Laboratory of Environmental Microbiology, Division of Biomedical Science, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Ibaraki (Japan); Takeda, Makoto [Department of Virology 3, National Institute of Infectious Diseases, Tokyo (Japan); Shintaku, Haruo [Department of Pediatrics, Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka City University, Osaka (Japan); Ogura, Hisashi [Department of Virology and Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka City University, 1-4-3 Asahimachi, Abeno-ku, Osaka 545-8585 (Japan)

    2014-08-15

    Measles virus (MV) is the causative agent of measles and its neurological complications, subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE) and measles inclusion body encephalitis (MIBE). Biased hypermutation in the M gene is a characteristic feature of SSPE and MIBE. To determine whether the M gene is the preferred target of hypermutation, an additional transcriptional unit containing a humanized Renilla reniformis green fluorescent protein (hrGFP) gene was introduced into the IC323 MV genome, and nude mice were inoculated intracerebrally with the virus. Biased hypermutation occurred in the M gene and also in the hrGFP gene when it was inserted between the leader and the N gene, but not between the H and L gene. These results indicate that biased hypermutation is usually found in a gene whose function is not essential for viral proliferation in the brain and that the location of a gene in the MV genome can affect its mutational frequency. - Highlights: • Wild-type MV can cause persistent infections in nude mice. • Biased hypermutation occurred in the M gene. • Biased hypermutation occurred in an inessential gene inserted between the leader and the N gene.

  2. Inhibitory effect of parvovirus H—1 on the formation of colonies of human hepatoma cell line in vitro and its tumors in nude mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANSHANGJUN; CHENGWUMA; 等

    1994-01-01

    The inhibitory effect of parvovirus H-1 on the colonyforming ability.in vitro of QGY-7703,a cultured human hepatoma cell line,and on the formation and growth of its tumors in nude mice was studied.With higher multiplicity of infection(MOI) of H-1 given,survival of the QGY-7703 cells was found to be decreased.H-1 DNA amplification level at 30h postinfection(p.i.) was detected to be 7.4 times higher than that at 2h by dispersed cells assay,while the cells were delayed to enter into S phase.Plaques were formed in the indicator cells(new-born human kidney cell line,NBK) by progeny H-1 virus particles released from the infected QGY-7703 cells by infectious cell center assay.The formation of tumors in nude mice by QGY-7703 cells which were injected s c at 2h postinfection was observed to by prevented in 2 proups with given MOI 25 and 50.The tumor growth of MOI 10 group occurred at a lower exponential rate than that of control,after a 20d latent period.It was evident that parvovirus H-1 exhibited a direct inhibitory effect on the formation and growth of human hepatoma cells in vivo as well as in vitro.

  3. Endostar combined with cryoablation for subcutaneous xenografted tumor model of lung adenocarcinoma cell line A549 in BALB/c nude mice: an experimental study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To investigate the inhibitory effect of Endostar combined with cryoablation on Lung adenocarcinoma cell line A549 in BALB/c nude mice, and to discuss its interaction mechanisms. Methods: The lung adenocarcinoma A549 model in BALB/c nude mice were established. When the largest diameter of tumor reached 1.0 cm, a total of 24 mice were randomly and equally divided into 4 groups: control group, Endostar group, cryoablation group and cryoablation plus Endostar group. The largest diameter and the vertical diameter of the tumors were measured at different points of time after treatment. At the 21st day, the mice were sacrificed and the tumors were removed and the rate of tumor cell apoptosis, the microvessel density (MVD) and the expression level of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) were determined by using immunohistochemistry method. The results were statistically analyzed. Results: The tumor growth velocity of the control group, Endostar group, cryoablation group and cryoablation plus Endostar group was (2.36.68±51.23)%, (220.02±30.61)%, (159.46±29.33)% and (103.34±25.50)%, respectively (P<0.01). The rate of apoptosis of the four groups was (21.67±2.34)%, (22.17±1.47)%, (38.33±1.37)% and (49.17±1.72)%, respectively (P<0.01). The MVD and the expression levels of VEGF of the cryoablation plus Endostar group were significantly lower than those of the other three groups (P<0.01). Statistical analysis revealed that a positive correlation existed between the express of VEGF and MVD. Conclusion: Endostar can obviously enhance the therapeutic efficacy of cryoablation on lung adenocarcinoma A549 in BALB/c nude mice. The underlying mechanisms may be the Endostar-inhibited angiogenesis through down-regulating the expression of VEGF, and the cooperative effect of Endostar and cryoablation on the promotion of tumor cell apoptosis. (authors)

  4. Preparation and evaluation of 99Tcm-(HYNIC-[Lys3] -bombesin) (tricine) (TPPTS) for imaging the Balb/c nude mice bearing human pancreatic cancer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To synthesize 99Tcm- (hydrazinonictinamide- [Lys3] -bombesin) (tricine)(trisodium triphenylphosphine-3,3',3-trisulfonate) ((HYNIC-[Lys3]-BBS) (tricine) (TPPTS)) and evaluate its biodistribution and binding capability with tumor tissue in Balb/c nude mice bearing human pancreatic cancer xenografts. Methods: HYNIC was conjugated to the [Lys3] -BBS at pH=9.0 with SnCl2 as reducing agent and both tricine and TPPTS as coligands for 99Tcm-labeling. 99Tcm-HYNIC-[Lys3]-BBS)(tricine) (TPPTS) was purified by Sep-Pak C18 cartridge and was analysed by HPLC. The radiochemical purity and radiolabeling yield were measured. The stability of 99Tcm-(HYNIC-[Lys3]-BBS) (tricine)(TPPTS) in serum, biodistribution (% ID/g) in the normal mice and imaging of the Balb/c nude mice bearing human pancreatic cancer xenografts in vivo were studied. Results: The radiolabeling yield was (90±2)% and the radiochemical purity was over 95%. The radiochemical purity after 4 h in serum was over 85%. The distribution in normal mice showed rapid clearance from blood (the uptake was (0.07±0.01) %ID/g at 2 h postinjection). 99Tcm-(HYNIC-[Lys3]-BBS) (tricine) (TPPTS) was excreted mainly via the kidney with little radioactivity accumulation in the liver and gastrointestinal tract (the uptake of liver, stomach, intestine was (0.27±0.03), (0.06±0.03), (0.04±0.00) %ID/g at 2 h postinjection). Marked uptake of radioactivity was found in tumor tissue of the Balb/c nude mice bearing human pancreatic cancer with maximum T/NT ratio of 3.71±0.57 at 2 h postinjection. Conclusions: 99Tcm-(HYNIC-[Lys3]-BBS)(tricine) (TPPTS) can be easily prepared with high radiolabeling yield and radiochemical purity. The stability in serum and good biodistribution characteristics make it useful for the diagnosis of human pancreatic cancer with over-expression of the gastric-releasing peptide(GRP) receptor. (authors)

  5. Time until initiation of tumor growth is an effective measure of the anti-angiogenic effect of TNP-470 on human glioblastoma in nude mice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kragh, M; Spang-Thomsen, M; Kristjansen, P E

    1999-01-01

    , 11, or 15 days after inoculation. The time from inoculation until initiation of exponential tumor growth was determined along with the post-therapeutic growth delay and the initial tumor doubling time (TD) for each individual tumor (n=103) on the basis of tumor volume growth curves. We found that: i......We examined the effect of the anti-angiogenic compound TNP-470 on early tumor growth characteristics following subcutaneous implantation of 1 mm3 tissue blocks of human glioblastoma U87, in nude mice. The mice received daily injections with TNP-470, 7 mg/kg, from one day before until either 3, 7......) the onset of growth of U87 xenografts was effectively inhibited by concurrent treatment with TNP-470 beyond the first three days after inoculation, ii) this effect was fully reversible upon termination of therapy, and iii) the post-therapeutic growth delay was independent of the accumulated dose...

  6. Molecular imaging of human breast cancer xenografts in nude mice by epidermal growth factor labelled by near infrared fluorescent dye

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: This work was to determine the feasibility of using epidermal growth factor (EGF) labeled with a near-infrared fluorescent (NIRF) dye (Cy5.5) to selectively localize and image epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)of the human breast cancer. Methods: MDA-MB-231 of human mammary adenocarcinoma and MDA-MB-435S of human mammary ductal carcinoma were detected using a flow cytometry. Laser confocal microscopy was used to examine the intake of EGF-Cy5.5 by MDA-MB-231 and MDA-MB-435S cells. MDA-MB-231 and MDA-MB435S human breast cancer orthotopic xenograft nude mice models were established. In vivo NIRF imaging was acquired after intravenous injection of EGF-Cy5.5 (1 nmol/0.2 ml)immediately and different time intervals. The up-take of EGF-Cy5.5 in MDA-MB-231 and MDA-MB-435S was detected using ROI technique. The blockage of the monocolonal antibody C225 to the EGF-Cy5.5 uptake were observed in viovo and ex vivo. Ex vivo tumor tissue fluorescent imaging was executed and the histological sections were stained by HE method for pathobiology assay. Student t test was used for statistical analysis with SPSS for Windows. Results: Flow cytometry indicated the EGFR expression percentage of MDA-MB-231 was 41.96% and the percentage of MDA-MB-435S was 0.12%. The fluorescence showed that the uptake of EGF-Cy5.5 by MDA-MB-231 cells could be observed by the laser confocal microscopy. There was no specific uptake of EGF-Cy5.5 by MDA-MB-435S. In vivo NIRF images showed mean fluorescence intensity in MDA-MB-231 tumors was (38 220±3 144)au, which was significantly higher than MDA-MB435S's ( 11 885 + 1 144 ) au (t = 17. 600, P < 0.01) or normal region' s (11 980 ±1 496) au(t=17. 491, P<0.01) at 24 h postinjection of EGF-Cy5.5. The mean fluorescence intensity was significantly reduced in MDA-MB-231 group with preadministration of C225, whose mean intensity was (10 472±842) au (t=16.772, P<0.01), while the mean intensity was not apparently decreased in MDA-MB-435S block group

  7. Biodistribution and SPECT Imaging Study of 99mTc Labeling NGR Peptide in Nude Mice Bearing Human HepG2 Hepatoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wenhui Ma

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A peptide containing Asn-Gly-Arg(NGR sequence was synthesized and directly labeled with Tc. Its radiochemical characteristics, biodistribution, and SPECT imaging were evaluated in nude mice bearing human HepG2 hepatoma. Nude mice bearing HepG2 were randomly divided into 5 groups with 5 mice in each group and injected with ~7.4 MBq Tc-NGR. The SPECT images were acquired in 1, 4, 8, and 12 h postinjection via caudal vein. The metabolism of tracers was determined in major organs at different time points, which demonstrated rapid, significant tumor uptake and slow tumor washout. The control group mice were blocked by coinjecting unlabelled NGR (20 mg/kg. Tumor uptake was (2.52±0.83% ID/g at 1 h, with the highest uptake of (3.26±0.63% ID/g at 8 h. In comparison, the uptake of the blocked control group was (1.65±0.61% ID/g at 1 h after injection. The SPECT static images and the tumor/muscle (T/NT value were obtained. The highest T/NT value was 7.58±1.92 at 8 h. The xenografted tumor became visible at 1 h and the clearest image of the tumor was observed at 8 h. In conclusion, Tc-NGR can be efficiently prepared and it exhibited good properties for the potential SPECT imaging agent of tumor.

  8. A third-generation matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) inhibitor (ONO-4817) combined with docetaxel suppresses progression of lung micrometastasis of MMP-expressing tumor cells in nude mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamamoto, Akihiko; Yano, Seiji; Shiraga, Minoru; Ogawa, Hirohisa; Goto, Hisatsugu; Miki, Toyokazu; Zhang, Helong; Sone, Saburo

    2003-03-01

    The lung is the common target organ of hematogenous metastasis that restricts the prognosis of cancer patients. MMPs play a pivotal role in metastasis by promoting tumor invasion and angiogenesis; therefore, a large number of MMPIs have been developed. Our purpose was to determine the therapeutic efficacy of a selective-spectrum MMPI, ONO-4817 (inhibits MMP-2 and MMP-9 but not MMP-1), against established lung micrometastasis in combination with a cytotoxic anticancer drug, DOC, in a nude mouse model. Human non-small cell lung cancer PC14PE6 (adenocarcinoma) or H226 (squamous cell carcinoma) cells, expressing MMP-2, MMP-9 and/or MMP-1, were injected i.v. into nude mice on day 0. Mice received a single injection of DOC on day 7 (after establishment of micrometastasis) and/or ONO-4817 mixed with food from day 7 to the end of experiments. Monotherapy with ONO-4817 or DOC inhibited formation of lung metastasis by PC14PE6 and H226 cells. In addition, combined use of ONO-4817 with DOC significantly suppressed the tumor burden of H226 and PC14PE6 cells in the lung and prolonged the survival of PC14PE6-bearing mice compared to ONO-4817 or DOC alone. These therapies did not affect the body weight or food intake of tumor-bearing mice. FIZ revealed that lung lesions, but not nontumor parenchyma of the lung, expressed gelatinolytic activity and that treatment with ONO-4817 abrogated the gelatinolytic activity in lung lesions. These results suggest that the combined use of MMPIs with cytotoxic anticancer drugs may be helpful in the control of established lung micrometastasis by tumor cells expressing MMPs. PMID:12516105

  9. Nude mice multi-drug resistance model of orthotopic transplantation of liver neoplasm and Tc-99m MIBI SPECT on p-glycoprotein

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yu Han; Xiao-Ping Chen; Zhi-Yong Huang; Hong Zhu

    2005-01-01

    AIM: To establish a model of drug-resistant neoplasms using a nude mice model, orthotopic transplantation of liver neoplasm and sporadic abdominal chemotherapy.METHODS: Hepatocellular carcinoma cells HepG2 were cultured and injected subdermally to form the tumorsupplying mice. The orthotopic drug-resistant tumors were formed by implanting the tumor bits under the envelope of the mice liver and induced by abdominal chemotherapy with Pharmorubicin. Physical examination, ultrasonography, spiral CT and visual inspection were used to examine tumor progression. RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry wereused to detect expression of mdr1 mRNA and its encodedprotein p-glycoprotein (p-gp). Tc-99m sestamibi scintigraphy was performed by obtaining planar abdominal images at 20 min after injection, and the liver/heart ratios werecalculated.RESULTS: Post-implantation mortality was 0% (0/25),tumor implantation success was 90% (22/25), and the rate of implanting successfully for the second time was 100% (3/3). Tumor induction using Pharmorubicin was 80% (16/20). The mdr1 mRNA expression of the induced group was 23 times higher than that of the control group, and p-gp protein expression was 13-fold higher compared to the control group. The liver/heart ratio (as assessed in vivo, using Tc-99m radiography) was decreased significantly in the induced group as compared to the control group. CONCLUSION: We have established an in vivo model of mdr1 in nude mice by orthotopic transplantation of liver neoplasm coupled to chemotherapy. We propose that identification of drug resistance as characterized by decreased 99mTc-ppm radiography due to enhanced clearance by p-gp may be useful in detecting in vivo drug resistance, as well as a useful tool in designing more effective therapies.

  10. The effect of combining recombinant human tumor necrosis factor-alpha with local radiation on tumor control probability of a human glioblastoma multiforme xenograft in nude mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: To evaluate the antitumor activity of recombinant human tumor necrosis factor-alpha (rHuTNF-α) on a human glioblastoma multiforme (U87) xenograft in nude mice, and to study the effect of combining rHuTNF-α with local radiation on the tumor control probability of this tumor model. Methods and Materials: U87 xenograft was transplanted SC into the right hindleg of NCr/Sed nude mice (7-8 weeks old, male). When tumors reached a volume of about 110 mm3, mice were randomly assigned to treatment: rHuTNF-α alone compared with normal saline control; or local radiation plus rHuTNF-α vs. local radiation plus normal saline. Parameters of growth delay, volume doubling time, percentage of necrosis, and cell loss factor were used to assess the antitumor effects of rHuTNF-α on this tumor. The TCD50 (tumor control dose 50%) was used as an endpoint to determine the effect of combining rHuTNF-α with local radiation. Results: Tumor growth in mice treated with a dose of 150 μg/kg body weight rHuTNF-α, IP injection daily for 7 consecutive days, was delayed about 8 days compared to that in controls. Tumors in the treatment group had a significantly longer volume doubling time, and were smaller in volume and more necrotic than matched tumors in control group. rHuTNF-α also induced a 2.3 times increase of cell loss factor. The administration of the above-mentioned dose of rHuTNF-α starting 24 h after single doses of localized irradiation under hypoxic condition, resulted in a significant reduction in TCD50 from the control value of 60.9 Gy to 50.5 Gy (p 50 value in the treatment vs. the control groups

  11. Morphofunctional evaluation of human skin preserved in glycerol and exposed to gamma radiation: a study in athymic mice; Avaliacao morfofuncional de pele humana conservada em glicerol e submetida a radiacao gama: estudo em camundongos atimicos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bringel, Fabiana de Andrade

    2011-07-01

    Extensive skin lesions expose the body to damaging agents, which makes spontaneous regeneration difficult and, in many cases, leads patient to death. In such cases, if there are no donating areas for autograft, allografts can be used. In this type of graft, tissue is processed in tissue banks, where it can be subjected to radiosterilization. According to in vitro studies, gamma radiation, in doses higher than 25 kGy, induces alterations in skin preserved in glycerol at 85%, reducing the tensile strength of irradiated tissue. Clinical observation also suggests faster integration of such graft with the receptors tissue. In order to assess if the alterations observed in vitro, would compromise in vivo use, transplants of human tissue, irradiated or not, were performed in Nude mice. The skin of the mice was subjected to macroscopic analysis, optical coherence tomography imaging, histological and biomechanical assays. It was possible to conclude that grafts irradiated with 25 kGy promoted greater initial contraction, without alteration of the final dimensions of the repair area, also displaying a faster closing of the wound. Moreover, the use of irradiated grafts (25 and 50 kGy) enabled the formation of a more organized healing process without significant effects on biomechanical properties. (author)

  12. Anti-tumor effects of polybutylcyanoacrylate nanoparticles of diallyl trisulfide on orthotopic transplantation tumor model of hepatocellular carcinoma in BALB/c nude mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Zhi-mian; YANG Xiao-yun; DENG Shu-hai; XU Wei; GAO Hai-qing

    2007-01-01

    Background Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) ranked the second among the causes of cancer mortality in China since the 1990s. Up to now, medication still plays an important role in the treatment of HCC. The therapies based on the allicin as a potential chemopreventive analog although is in its infancy at the present time, may have a significant role in the future management of HCC. Diallyl trisulfide (DATS) is a natural compound derived from garlic. In this study, we investigated the inhibitory effects of hepatic targeted polybutylcyanoacrylate nanoparticles of diallyl trisulfide(DATS-PBCA-NP) on orthotopic transplanted HepG2 hepatocellular carcinoma in nude mice.Methods DATS-PBCA-NP were detected by transmission electron microscope (TEM) and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The orthotopic transplantation HCC models were established by implanting HCC HepG2 xenograft bits under the envelope of the mice liver. Successful models (n=29) were divided into 4 groups: normal saline(NS), empty nanoparticles (EN), DATS and DATS-PBCA-NP were intravenously administered to the mice respectively for 2 weeks. In vivo antitumor efficacy was evaluated by the measurement of tumor volume. Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay and protein levels of apoptosis and cell proliferation proteins by immunoblotting in tumor tissues were performed to elucidate the possible mechanism.Results DATS-PBCA-NP possessed smooth and round appearance, dispersed well, and released in vitro in accord with double phase kinetics model. DATS-PBCA-NP changed the tissue/organ distribution of DATS in vivo. The successful rate of tumor implantation was 100%. Intravenous administration of DATS-PBCA-NP significantly retarded the growth of orthotopically transplanted hepatoma in BALB/c nude mice (compared with the other three groups, all P<0.05) without causing weight loss (P>0.05). TUNEL staining showed that the tumors from DATS-PBCA-NP treated mice

  13. Reversal of multidrug resistance with KR-30035: evaluated with biodistribution of Tc-99m MIBI in nude mice bearing human tumor xenografts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Jung Kyun; Lee, Jae Tae; Lee, Byung Ho [Kyungpook National Univ. Hospital, Taegu (Korea, Republic of)] [and others

    2001-06-01

    KR-30035 (KR), a new MDR reversing agent, has been found to produce a similar degree of increased Tc-99m MIBI uptake in cultured tumor cells over-expressing mdr1 mRNA compared to verapamil (VP), with less cardiovascular effects. We assessed the MDR-reversing ability of KR in vivo, and effects of various doses of KR on MIBI uptake in nude mice bearing P-glycoprotein (P-gp) positive (+) and P-gp negative (-) human tumor xenografts. P-gp (+) HCT15/CLO2 colorectal and P-gp (-) A549 non-small cell cancer cells were inoculated in each flank of 120 nude mice (20 mice x 6 groups). Group 1 (Gr1) mice received 10mg/kg Kr i.p. 3 times (x3); Gr2, 10mg/kg VP i.p. x3; Gr3, 10mg/kg KR i.p. x2 + 25mg/kg KR i.p. x1; Gr4, 10mg/kg KR i.p. x 2 + 50mg/kg i.p. x1; Gr5, 10mg/kg Kr i.p. x2 + 25mg/kg KR i.v. x1, GrC, controls. The mice were then injected with Tc-99m MIBI and sacrificed after 10 min, 30 min, 90 min and 240 min. Tumor uptake of MIBI (TU) in each group was compared. Tu in P-gp (+) and (-)tumors were both higher in Gr1 than Gr2. Washout rate between the 10 min and 4 hours was lower in Gr5 of P-gp (+) cell (0.93) than the control. Percentage increases in Tu were higher in P-gp (+) than P-gp (-) tumors with all KR doses. Pgp (+) TU were highest at 10 min (173% of GrC) and persisted up to 240 min (144%) in Gr3. Larger doses of KR resulted in a lesser degree of increase in P-gp (+) TU at 10 min (130% in Gr4 and 117% in Gr5) and 30 min (178%, 129%), but TU increased by time up to 240 min (177%, 196%). Heart and lung uptakes were markedly increased in Gr4 and Gr5 at 10 and 3C min, likely due to cardiovascular effects. No mice died. These data further suggest that KR that has significantly lower cardiovascular toxicity than verapamil can be used as an active inhibitor of MDR. Even a relatively low dose of KR significantly increased Tc-99m MIBI uptake in P-gp (+) tumors in vivo.

  14. Suppression of the growth of human colorectal carcinoma cells (LS174T) by radiolabeled monoclonal antibody (131I-MAbC27) in tissue culture and nude mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A monoclonal antibody against carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), MAbC27, and its F(ab')2 fragments were prepared and labeled with 131I. They effectively suppressed the growth of a human colorectal carcinoma cell line, LS174T, both in culture medium and in inoculated nude mice, whereas 131I-labeled normal mouse immunoglobulin or 131I itself did not have similar effects. Intravenous injection of 131I-MAbC27 or 131I-MAbF(ab')2 following inoculation of carcinoma cells suppressed their growth in vivo. The suppression effect was even more effective when intact antibody rather than its F(ab')2 fragments was used, especially when the treatment was repeated. This study indicates that radiolabeled MAbC27 may be used as a therapeutic agent in CEA-secreting human colorectal carcinomas

  15. Radioimmunoimaging of human colon carcinoma grafted into nude mice using 131I-labeled monoclonal anti-CEA antibody (C50)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    131I-labeled monoclonal anti-CEA antibody C50 was injected intraperitoneally into nude mice bearing human colon carcinoma xenografts for tumor localization and radioimmunoimaging studies. Radioimmunoimaging and biodistribution was performed at the 1st, 2nd, 3th, 4th and 6th day after injection and transplanted tumors were visualized in 24 hr by SPECT. Satisfactory tumor imaging was obtained at 48 hr after injection and at the 6th day T/NT (tumor/colon) reached 10.40 +- 0.69. These in vivo studies demonstrate the specificity of McAb C50 and indicate that it may be used for clinical diagnosis and targeting treatment of human colon carcinoma

  16. Glomerular filtration rate after alpha-radioimmunotherapy with 211At-MX35-F(ab')2: a long-term study of renal function in nude mice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Back, T.; Haraldsson, B.; Hultborn, R; Jensen, H.; Johansson, M.E.; Lindegren, S.; Jacobsson, L.

    2009-01-01

    Besides bone marrow, the kidneys are often dose-limiting organs in internal radiotherapy. The effects of high-linear energy transfer (LET) radiation on the kidneys after alpha-radioimmunotherapy (alpha-RIT) with the alpha-particle emitter, (211)At, were studied in nude mice by serial measurements.......0 +/- 4.1 Gy (mean +/- SEM), tumor- and non-tumor-bearing animals, respectively. The reduction in GFR progressed with time, and at the later time interval, (31-67 weeks) the corresponding absorbed doses were 7.5 +/- 2.4 and 11.3 +/- 2.3 Gy, respectively, suggesting that the effects of radiation on the...... kidneys were manifested late. Examination of the kidney sections showed histologic changes that were overall subdued. Following alpha-RIT with (211)At-MX35-F(ab')(2) at levels close to the dose limit of severe myelotoxicity, the effects found on renal function were relatively small, with only minor to...

  17. Therapeutic effect of intratumoral injection of 188Re labeled stannic sulfur suspension in liver cancer. A comparative study with chemical agents in nude mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objectives: Hepatoma is a common disease in some countries. The intervention therapy was used often for non-resectable tumor. The aim of our study was to compare the therapeutic effect of 188Re labeled stannic sulfur suspension to ethanol, acetic acid and the mixture of mitomycin and lipiodol for hepatoma in an animal model by intermittently injection. Methods: Forty-nine nude mice bearing hepatic cell carcinoma were divided into six groups. Group 1 (n=14) was intratumoral y injected with 0.1 ml saline. There were 5 experimental groups (group 2 to 6). Each group consisted of 7 mice. The mice in group 2 was intratumoral y injected with 18.5 MBq/0.1 ml 188Re labeled stannic sulfur suspension each, the mice in group 3 was injected intratumorally with 9.25 MBq/0.1 ml 188Re labeled stannic sulfur suspension each, group 4 was injected intratumorally with 0.1 ml ethanol, the mice in group 5 was injected with 0.1 ml 30% acetic acid and group 6 was injected intratumorally with 30 μg mitomycin in 0.1 ml lipiodol respectively. The mice were sacrificed 7 days post injection and the specimen were collected for pathological analysis. Results: The average tumor weight were 1.75±0.29 g (mean±S.D.), 0.26±0.03 g, 0.44±0.17 g, 1.38±0.25 g, 0.91±0.28 g, 1.38±0.28 g for group 1 to 6 respectively. Tumors in all experimental groups were significantly smaller than group 1 (control group, P88Re labeled stannic sulfur suspension injection had the smallest tumor weight among all the experimental groups (P188Re labeled stannic sulfur suspension shows better therapeutic effect. (authors)

  18. Preparation of 99Tcm labeled c-myc mRNA antisense peptide nucleic acid and its biodistribution in tumor-bearing nude mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: The aim of this work was to study a 99Tcm labeling method for c-myc mRNA antisense peptide nucleic acid (PNA) fragments and the biodistribution of the labeled product in tumor- beating nude mice. Methods: A four amino acid sequence Gly-(D)-Ala-Gly-Gly [G-(D)-A-G-G] was used as a chelator. N-GAGG-Aba-GCATCGTCGCGG, a chelator-antisense PNA specific for the human c- myc oncogene mRNA initiation region, was synthesized, purified and characterized. N-GAGG-Aba-GCAT- GTCTGCGG, a chelator mismatched PNA, was synthesized and used as a control. G-(D)-A-G-G provided an N4 configuration for strong, efficient chelation of 99Tcm. The labeled PNA was identified with high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and the labeling yield and radiochemical purity were measured by paper chromatography. The biodistribution was studied with nude mice bearing colon carcinoma and the percentage activity of injected dose per gram of tissue (%ID/g) was calculated. ASA 6.12 was used for data analysis. Results: The results of HPLC and paper chromatography confirmed that 99Tcm was joined to the PNA or the mismatched PNA with a high radiochemical purity (> 95%). Both were stable in vitro or incubated with human fresh serum and were excreted through urine. Results of biodistribution studies showed that the highest radioactivity levels were in the kidneys and spleen. The radioactivity of 99Tcm labeled antisense PNA in tumor was high whereas that of 99Tcm labeled mismatch PNA was very low [(1.11% ± 0.12)% ID/g and (0.14 ± 0.02)% ID/g, respectively; t=14.75, P99Tcm by the method presented in this paper, with good yield, radiochemical purity and stability. It was an efficient method to label antisense PNA with 99Tcm. The product seemed to be a potential tumor imaging agent. (authors)

  19. An experimental study on the treatment of nude mice with liver carcinoma by intratumoral injection with 188Re rhenium sulfide suspension

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To prepare a [188Re] rhenium sulfide suspension and to evaluate its therapeutic effects on liver carcinoma by intratumoral injection. Methods: 30 nude mice bearing SMMC-7721 human liver carcinoma were used for the biodistribution study after intratumoral injection of [188Re] rhenium sulfide suspension or sodium [188Re] perrhenate solution. Another 30 tumor-bearing nude mice were divided into six groups, four groups of them were treated with a 0.1 mL [188Re] rhenium sulfide suspension at doses of 3.7, 7.4, 18.5, 29.6 MBq by a single intratumoral injection. For control studies, the remaining two groups were injected with nonradioactive rhenium sulfide suspension and Hanks' balanced salt solution, respectively. Every injection was repeated 6 days later. Results: The retention percentages of radioactivity (% ID) in tumors injected with [188Re] rhenium sulfide suspension were (90.96 +- 6.63)%, (86.09 +- 22.58)% and (87.62 +- 13.97)% at 1, 24 and 48 h, respectively, which were much higher than retention in normal organs evaluated. In the case of sodium 188Re-perrhenate solution, the % ID values were only (1.66 +- 0.35)%, (0.02 +- 0.01)% and (0.01 +- 0.01)%, respectively. Tumor inhibition ratios were as high as 89% when the peripheral portion of tumor (0.5 - 0.6 cm from center) absorbed an activity share of about 507.6 Gy . Conclusion: Intratumoral injection of [188Re] rhenium sulfide suspension results in significant tumor restraint and it is indicated that this is a highly potential approach to the treatment of hepatic carcinoma

  20. The effect of the overall treatment time of fractionated irradiation on the tumor control probability of a human soft tissue sarcoma xenograft in nude mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: To study the impact of the overall treatment time of fractionated irradiation on the tumor control probability (TCP) of a human soft tissue sarcoma xenograft growing in nude mice, as well as to compare the pretreatment potential doubling time (Tpot) of this tumor to the effective doubling time (Teff) derived from three different schedules of irradiation using the same total number of fractions with different overall treatment times. Methods and Materials: The TCP was assessed using the TCD50 value (the 50% tumor control dose) as an end point. A total of 240 male nude mice, 7-8 weeks old were used in three experimental groups that received the same total number of fractions (30 fractions) with different overall treatment times. In group 1, the animals received three equal fractions/day for 10 consecutive days, in group 2 they received two equal fractions/day for 15 consecutive days, and in group 3 one fraction/day for 30 consecutive days. All irradiations were given under normal blood flow conditions to air breathing animals. The mean tumor diameter at the start of irradiation was 7-8 mm. The mean interfraction intervals were from 8-24 h. The Tpot was measured using Iododeoxyuridine (IudR) labeling and flow cytometry and was compared to Teff. Results: The TCD50 values of the three different treatment schedules were 58.8 Gy, 63.2 Gy, and 75.6 Gy for groups 1, 2, and 3, respectively. This difference in TCD50 values was significant (p pot (2.4 days) was longer than the calculated Teff in groups 2 and 3 (1.35 days). Conclusion: Our data show a significant loss in TCP with prolongation of the overall treatment time. This is most probably due to an accelerated repopulation of tumor clonogens. The pretreatment Tpot of this tumor model does not reflect the actual doubling of the clonogens in a protracted regimen

  1. Guanethidine-induced sympathectomy in the nude rat

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Juul, A; Juul, P; Christensen, H B

    1989-01-01

    Guanethidine sulphate 40 mg/kg was administered intraperitoneally daily for 14 days to normal Lewis rats and athymic nude rats of a Lewis background (rnu/rnu). Histological examination of the superior cervical ganglia demonstrated a pronounced chromatolysis of the neurones and a loss of the major...... part of the nerve cells accompanied by an increased number of small mononuclear inflammatory cells. The extent of chromatolysis and nerve cell death induced by guanethidine did not differ between normal and nude rats, whereas the increase of the number of mononuclear cells was lower in the nude rats...... than in the normal rats (163 and 268 per cent respectively of the saline treated controls, P less than 0.01). Since guanethidine induced nerve cell death in the T-cell deficient nude rat to the same extent as in normal rats, it is concluded, that the effect is caused by either a thymus...

  2. Anti-tumor effect of RNA interference silencing survivin gene combined with X-ray irradiation on human hepatoma xenograft in nude mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To investigate the anti-tumor effect of RNA interference silencing Survivin gene combined with X-ray irradiation on human hepatoma xenograft in nude mice. Methods: siRNA expression plasmids targeting Survivin genes packed by liposome were injected into human hepatoma xenograft which were irradiated with 5 Gy X-ray later. Tumor volumes at different time points and mean survival period of mice were observed. Expression level of Survivin, PCNA and intratumoral microvessel density were detected by Immunohistochemical staining. Apoptotic cells in tumor tissue were detected by TUNEL method. Results: Tumor volumes of pGenesil-survivin+5 Gy group were significantly lower than those of the control, pGenesil-survivin and 5 Gy groups 3 ∼ 21 days after the beginning of therapy. Mean survival period of mice in pGenesil-survivin+5 Gy group was the longest. Expression level of PCNA and intratumoral microvessel density in pGenesil-survivin+5 Gy group were significantly lower than those of pGenesil-survivin group and radiotherapy group 1 day after therapy. Percentage of apoptotic cells in tumor tissue in pGenesil-survivin+5 Gy group was significantly higher than other groups. Conclusion: RNA interference silencing Survivin gene combined with radiotherapy could effectively inhibit cell proliferation and tumor angiogenesis, enhance apoptosis in tumor xenograft and its anti-tumor effect was more powerful than that of radiotherapy or RNA interference silencing Survivin gene. (authors)

  3. Transplantation of human glioma stem cells in nude mice with green fluorescent protein expression%人脑胶质瘤干细胞移植于表达绿色荧光蛋白裸小鼠的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴自成; 黄强; 邵义祥; 薛智谋; 董军; 刁艺; 王爱东; 兰青

    2008-01-01

    Objectives To investigate the possibility of transplantation of human glioma stem cells (HGSCs) in nude mice stably expressing green fluorescent protein (GFP) so as to clearly identify the incubated HGSCs from the host tissues. Methods Transgenic C57BL/6J mice expressing GFP was crossed with nude mice of the line NC, then hairless male nude mice expressing GFP were crossed with hairy female pubescent mice to obtain nude mice with GFP expression the expression of GFP in the skin and organs of these nude mice were evaluated by naked eyes, and immunohistochemical and immunofluorescence assays. HGSCs were transplanted orthotopically into the caudate nuclei of nude mice expressing GFP. Immunohistochemistry was used to observe the transplanted tumor. Results The structures rich in adipose tissue of the 8th generation nude mice were dark green and the other organs were light green. However, green fluorescence was emitted from all tissues under fluorescence microscopy. Confocal fluorescence microscopy showed that the tumor cells were stained red, distinguished from the host ceils distinctly in the brains bearing tumor transplanted orthotopically. Conclusion Nude mice expressing GFP can be obtained by crossing the trangenic mice bearing naive immunity with nude mice. Orthotopic transplantation of HGSCs may be used in the investigation of tumor tissue reconstitution because of the easy identification between the transplantation tumor and host tissue.%目的 培育表达绿色荧光蛋白(GFP)的裸小鼠,并探讨将其用于人胶质瘤干细胞(HGSC)移植实验研究.方法 将C57BL/6J-GFP转基因小鼠与NC系裸小鼠进行交配,在继代时严格挑选都表达GFP的无毛雄鼠与有毛母鼠交配,通过肉眼、免疫组织化学和荧光显微镜等方法观察GFP在裸小鼠皮肤和脏器中的表达情况,继将HGSC原位移植于表达GFP的裸小鼠,以观察移植瘤的生长情况.结果 传至8代的裸小鼠,包括脑在内的全身主要器官和细胞

  4. Effects of Different High Fat Diets on Fatty Acid Composition of Skeletal Muscle and Liver in Nude Mice Bearing Pancreatic Cancer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yi-jie DUAN; Feng WANG; Zhong-wen LIU; Ming YU

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate the impacts of different dietary fatty acids on fatty acid composition in skeletal muscle and liver in nude mice bearing pancreatic cancer.MethodsSixty C57BL/6 nude mice were randomly divided into 6 groups: saturated fatty acid-fed group (SFA group), monounsaturated fatty acid-fed group (MUFA group), n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid-fed group (n-6 PUFA group), n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid-fed group (n-3 PUFA group), iso-caloric control (ISO-C) and normal control (NC). Four high fat diets containing 15% oils derived from coconut (SFA group), olive (MUFA group), soybean (n-6 PUFA group) andflaxseed (n-3 PUFA group) respectively, were prepared. ISO-C and NC groups were fed diet containing 4%-5% soybean oil. After one week of feeding, HPAF-Ⅱ human pancreatic cancer cells were transplanted orthotopically. The mice were fed corresponding diets in the following 14 weeks and then sacrificed. Skeletal muscle and liver tissues were sampled. Fatty acids in the samples were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.ResultsFatty acid composition of skeletal muscle and liver were similar between ISO-C group and NC group.Compared to ISO-C group, the contents of fatty acids in skeletal muscle were: (1) palmitic acid (C16:0), hepentadecane acid (C17:0), stearic acid (C18:0) and arachidonic acid (C20:0) increased inSFA group (P< 0.05); (2)oleic acid (C18:1) increased in MUFA group (P< 0.05); (3)γ-linolenic acid (γ-C18:3) increased in n-6 PUFA group (P<0.05);(4) linolenic acid (C18:3), eicosapentaenoic acid (C20:5) and clupanodonic acid (C22:5) increased in n-3 PUFA group (P<0.05). In the liver, the contents of fatty acids were: (1) saturated fatty acids not increased in SFA group; (2) eicosenoic acid (C20:1) increased in MUFA group (P< 0.05); (3) eicosadienoic acid (C20:2) and arachidonic acid (C20:4) increased in n-6 PUFA group (P < 0.05); (4) linolenic acid, eicosapentaenoic acid, clupanodonic acid and docosahexaenoic acid increased in n-3 PUFA

  5. Doxorubicin-Loaded PEG-PCL-PEG Micelle Using Xenograft Model of Nude Mice: Effect of Multiple Administration of Micelle on the Suppression of Human Breast Cancer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The triblock copolymer is composed of two identical hydrophilic segments Monomethoxy poly(ethylene glycol) (mPEG) and one hydrophobic segment poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL); which is synthesized by coupling of mPEG-PCL-OH and mPEG-COOH in a mild condition using dicyclohexylcarbodiimide and 4-dimethylamino pyridine. The amphiphilic block copolymer can self-assemble into nanoscopic micelles to accommodate doxorubixin (DOX) in the hydrophobic core. The physicochemical properties and in vitro tests, including cytotoxicity of the micelles, have been characterized in our previous study. In this study, DOX was encapsulated into micelles with a drug loading content of 8.5%. Confocal microscopy indicated that DOX was internalized into the cytoplasm via endocystosis. A dose-finding scheme of the polymeric micelle (placebo) showed a safe dose of PEG-PCL-PEG micelles was 71.4 mg/kg in mice. Importantly, the circulation time of DOX-loaded micelles in the plasma significantly increased compared to that of free DOX in rats. A biodistribution study displayed that plasma extravasation of DOX in liver and spleen occurred in the first four hours. Lastly, the tumor growth of human breast cancer cells in nude mice was suppressed by multiple injections (5 mg/kg, three times daily on day 0, 7 and 14) of DOX-loaded micelles as compared to multiple administrations of free DOX

  6. 177Lu-DOTA-HH1, a novel anti-CD37 radio-immunoconjugate: a study of toxicity in nude mice.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ada H V Repetto-Llamazares

    Full Text Available CD37 is an internalizing B-cell antigen expressed on Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL and chronic lymphocytic leukemia cells (CLL. The anti-CD37 monoclonal antibody HH1 was conjugated to the bifunctional chelator p-SCN-Bn-DOTA and labelled with the beta-particle emitting radionuclide 177Lu creating the radio-immunoconjugate (RIC 177Lu-DOTA-HH1 (177Lu-HH1, trade name Betalutin. The present toxicity study was performed prior to initiation of clinical studies with 177Lu-HH1.Nude mice with or without tumor xenografts were treated with 50 to 1000 MBq/kg 177Lu- HH1 and followed for clinical signs of toxicity up to ten months. Acute, life threatening bone marrow toxicity was observed in animals receiving 800 and 1000 MBq/kg 177Lu-HH1. Significant changes in serum concentrations of liver enzymes were evident for treatment with 1000 MBq/kg 177Lu-HH1. Lymphoid depletion, liver necrosis and atrophy, and interstitial cell hyperplasia of the ovaries were also observed for mice in this dose group.177Lu-DOTA-HH1 was well tolerated at dosages about 10 times above those considered relevant for radioimmunotherapy in patients with B-cell derived malignancies.The toxicity profile was as expected for RICs. Our experimental results have paved the way for clinical evaluation of 177Lu-HH1 in NHL patients.

  7. Doxorubicin-Loaded PEG-PCL-PEG Micelle Using Xenograft Model of Nude Mice: Effect of Multiple Administration of Micelle on the Suppression of Human Breast Cancer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cuong, Nguyen-Van [Department of Biomedical Engineering, Chung Yuan Christian University, 200, Chung Pei Rd., Chung Li, Taiwan (China); Department of Chemical Engineering, Ho Chi Minh City University of Industry, 12 Nguyen Van Bao St, Ho Chi Minh (Viet Nam); Jiang, Jian-Lin; Li, Yu-Lun [Department of Biomedical Engineering, Chung Yuan Christian University, 200, Chung Pei Rd., Chung Li, Taiwan (China); Chen, Jim-Ray [Department of Pathology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital at Keelung, Taiwan and Chang Gung University, College of Medicine, Taoyuan, Taiwan (China); Jwo, Shyh-Chuan [Division of General Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital at Keelung, Taiwan and Chang Gung University, College of Medicine, Taoyuan, Taiwan (China); Hsieh, Ming-Fa, E-mail: mfhsieh@cycu.edu.tw [Department of Biomedical Engineering, Chung Yuan Christian University, 200, Chung Pei Rd., Chung Li, Taiwan (China)

    2010-12-28

    The triblock copolymer is composed of two identical hydrophilic segments Monomethoxy poly(ethylene glycol) (mPEG) and one hydrophobic segment poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL); which is synthesized by coupling of mPEG-PCL-OH and mPEG-COOH in a mild condition using dicyclohexylcarbodiimide and 4-dimethylamino pyridine. The amphiphilic block copolymer can self-assemble into nanoscopic micelles to accommodate doxorubixin (DOX) in the hydrophobic core. The physicochemical properties and in vitro tests, including cytotoxicity of the micelles, have been characterized in our previous study. In this study, DOX was encapsulated into micelles with a drug loading content of 8.5%. Confocal microscopy indicated that DOX was internalized into the cytoplasm via endocystosis. A dose-finding scheme of the polymeric micelle (placebo) showed a safe dose of PEG-PCL-PEG micelles was 71.4 mg/kg in mice. Importantly, the circulation time of DOX-loaded micelles in the plasma significantly increased compared to that of free DOX in rats. A biodistribution study displayed that plasma extravasation of DOX in liver and spleen occurred in the first four hours. Lastly, the tumor growth of human breast cancer cells in nude mice was suppressed by multiple injections (5 mg/kg, three times daily on day 0, 7 and 14) of DOX-loaded micelles as compared to multiple administrations of free DOX.

  8. Bcl-2反义核酸治疗Burkitt'S淋巴瘤裸鼠模型的研究%Bcl-2 antisense therapy in athymic nude mice models of human burkitt's lymphoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    兰小鹏; 吕联煌; 林景娟; 陈英玉; 陈振兴; 张昭秀

    2002-01-01

    目的探讨Bcl-2反义核酸治疗Burkitt's淋巴瘤的疗效.方法将不含EB病毒的人类BL的细胞株-cA46移植到BAB/C裸鼠体内,采用体内体外交替传代的方式,建立BL裸鼠模型,并将荷瘤裸鼠随机分为反义治疗(A组)、无义对照(B组)和空白对照(C组)三个组,每组5只.A组注射Bcl-2反义核酸,B组注射无义寡核苷酸,C组不注射任何制剂;治疗剂量为5mg/kg/d,给药方式为瘤内局部注射,每天注射一次,连续给药15天.结果A组肿瘤的生长明显受到抑制,其中一只裸鼠的肿瘤消失,其余4只的瘤块明显小于B组和c组.A组对C组的肿瘤抑制率为89.5%;A组对B组的肿瘤抑制率为83.3%,二者无显著差异(P>0.05);而B组对C组的抑制率为36.9%与前二者差异非常显著(P<0.01).结论Bcl-2反义核酸对具有Bcl-2高表达的Burkitt's淋巴瘤具有明显的疗效,具有潜在的临床应用价值.

  9. Effects of 125I-Labeled Peptide Nuclear Acid Targeting Ki67 on the Growth of Implanted Human Renal Cell Carcinoma in Nude Mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JiacunChen; JunnianZheng; SongWu; HaibiaoLai; XiaoqingSun; JunjieLiu

    2004-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To investigate the potential of 125I-labeled anti-sense peptide nucleic acids (125I-AS-PNAs) to inhibit the expression of the Ki-67 gene and growth of implanted human renal carcinoma cells in nude mice.METHODS Anti-sense peptide nucleic acids (AS-PNAs) targeting the Ki67 gene were synthesized and labeled with 125I by the Chloraseptine-T method. Drugs including PNAs and 125I-AS-PNAs capsulated by cationic lipid were directly injected into tumors in nude mice. The Ki67 expression in tumors was detected by an immunohistochemical technique and Western blot. The apoptosis of tumor cells was detected by a TUNEL assay. Tumor volumes were measured every 3 days and tumor suppression rates were calculated at 12 days after treatment. Control groups were treated with AS-PNA, MMPNAs (mismatch PNAs) and 125I-Na.RESULTS The Ki67 expression rate of tumors treated by 125I-AS-PNAs [(15.3±1.8)%] was lower than that treated by AS-PNAs [(23.0±2.4)%] (P<0.01). The Ki67 protein production rate of tumors treated by 125I-AS-PNAs [(43.6±3.5)%] was lower than that treated by AS-PNAs [(59.7±2.3)%] (P<0.01 ). The apoptosis rate of tumors treated by 125I-AS-PNAs [(40.3±2.4)%] was higher than that treated by AS-PNAs [(31.1 ±2.0)%] (P<0.01). The volume of tumors treated by 125I-AS-PNAs [(330.4±57.8) mm3 ]was smallerthan that treated by AS- PNAs [(513.2±64.2 ) mm3] (P<0.01 ).CONCLUSION 125I-AS-PNAs targeted against the Ki67 gene have a greater inhibitory effect on the expression of the Ki67 gene and a larger apoptotic action on human renal carcinoma cells and can more efficiently inhibit tumor growth than AS-PNAs. 125I-AS-PNAs targeting the Ki67 gene may be a promising anti-sense/anti-gene radiotherapy method for treating renal cell carcinoma.

  10. The experimental study on anti-tumor effect of 131I-Tyr-octreotide in nude mice bearing human non-small cell lung cancer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: Radionuclide-labeled low molecular weight polypeptide is recently advocated for the diagnosis and treatment of malignant tumor. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the anti-tumor effect of 131I-Tyr-octreotide in nude mice bearing human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods: 131I-Tyr-octreotide was prepared by Ch-T method. The radiochemical purity was measured and biodistribution was evaluated. The nude mice models bearing human NSCLC were studied and divided into four groups: group A injected 131I-Tyr-octreotide through tail vein, group B injected normal saline, group C injected 131I-Tyr-octreotide through stroma and group D injected 131I through stroma. The radioactivity ratio of tumor to normal tis- sue (T/NT) was calculated over region of interest (ROI). The tumor cell cycle and cell apoptosis were analyzed by flow cytometry (FCM), terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase mediated dUTP-biotion nick end labeling (TUNEL) and histopathological analysis. Statistical analysis was performed with SPSS 11.0, and the comparison for difference between groups performed with one-way ANOVA analysis. Results: The labeled radiochemical purity was (95.23 ± 1.67)% and specific activity of 3.5 x l06 Bq/μg. The biodistribution showed high uptake in kidney, and low uptake in liver and spleen. The radioactive uptake in group C was higher than the other groups, and the retention time was longer. The T/NT was 52.74 ± 0.13 after 24 h, which was much higher than that of the other groups (group D: 8.90 ± 0.23, group A: 6.42 ± 0.02, q=628.81 and 664.33, all P1 phase was blocked most remarkably in group C than the other groups [group C: (83.17 ± 6.86)%, group A: (57.02 ± 18.81)%, group D: (49.29 ± 7.80)%, group B: (45.88 ± 5.13)%, q=5.29, 6.86, 7.55, 1.56, 2.26, 0.69, all P131I-Tyr-octreotide was easily labeled by Ch-T. 131I-Tyr-octreotide could induce tumor cell apoptosis and inhibit the tumor cell of NSCLC. It might be a potential target-directed agent in

  11. Study on in vivo imaging of 99Tcm-hTERT mRNA as antisense molecular probe in breast cancer tumor-bearing nude mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: Antisense imaging is one of the important modalities in the domain of molecular nuclear medicine. The purpose of this study was to design and synthesize an antisense oligonucleotide (ASON) molecular probe targeting human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) mRNA, and to validate the potential application value using animal model experimental study in early diagnosis of the tumor. Methods: Antisense and sense molecular probes targeting hTERT mRNA were radiolabeled with 99Tcm through bifunctional chelator N-hydroxysuccinimidyl derivative of S-acetylmercaptoacetyltriglycine (S-Acetyl NHS-MAG3). The BALB/c nu/nu nude mice were inoculated with MCF-7 mammary tumor cells in the right upper limbs. 99Tcm-hTERT mRNA ASON and 99Tcm-hTERT mRNA sense oligonucleotide (SON) with or without mediated by liposome was injected intravenously in mammary tumor-bearing BALB/c nude mice, respectively. Imaging it, vivo was performed periodically. All data were analyzed by the statistic software of SPSS 12.0. Results: The in vitro study showed that the labeling efficiencies of 99Tcm-hTERT mRNA ASON reached (76 ± 5)%, with radiochemical purity greater than 96% and specific activity of 1850 kBq/μg. The stability of 99Tcm-hTERT mRNA ASON in room temperature and serum incubation after 24 h was still above 93%. The in vivo study showed that tumor uptake of 99Tcm-hTERT mRNA ASON was high from 4 to 8 h after injection. On the contrary, there was little 99Tcm-hTERT mRNA SON accumulated in tumor within 8 h. The radioactivity ratio of tumor-to-nontumor (T/NT) of antisense probe group with or' without liposome mediation was 8.02 ± 0.03 and 7.55 ± 0.12, respectively (t=-1.99, P>0.05), and that of sense probe group with or without liposome mediation was 1.23 ± 0.06 and 1.33 ± 0.15, respectively (t=0.42, P>0.05). However, there was significant difference between antisense and sense probe groups with or without liposome mediation (t= 26.30, 28.71, both P99Tcm could be used as a

  12. Preliminary study of MR diffusion weighted imaging in nude mice models of hepatic Bel7402 tumors after adenovirus-mediated cytosine diaminase-thymidine kinase gene therapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To study the characteristics of DWI in nude mice models of hepatic Bel7402 tumors after treatment with adenovirus-mediated cytosine diaminase-thymidine kinase (Ad. CD-TK) double suicide gene therapy, and then to identify whether DWI can be used for assessing curative effect of postoperative tumors. Methods: Thirty nude mice models of hepatic Bel7402 tumors were successfully created using cell suspension method, after the tumor grew to more than 1 cm in diameter, 20 tumor models were treated by intratumoral administration of Ad. CD-TK for 3 days plus intraperitonea (i.p.) treatment with 5-Fc and GCV for the duration of the study.Then they were randomly divided into three groups during 5-Fc and GCV treatment. The remaining 10 tumor models were used as controls. MR scanning were performed in 10th day before and after tumor implantation in all models by using EPI-SE series and SENSE technology for treatment group. Tumor volumes and ADC values were calculated pretreatment and posttreatment. Cell apoptosis were determined by using TUNEL method. Analyze the change of ADC and apoptosis index (AI) in different times, t test was used for comparison the difference of AI and ADC values respectively. Results: After 10 days,the tumor volumes of the treatment groups and controls were respectively (724.16 ±57.45) mm3, (754.57 ± 66.84) mm3, with no significant difference (t=0.488, P >0.05). The ADC values of the treatment groups were (0.98 ±0.11) × 10-3 mm2/s,the ones of the control groups were (0.68 ±0.04) × 10-3 mm2/s; AI of the treatment groups were (23.25 ±6.57)%, the ones of the control groups were (2.57 ± 0.58)%. There were difference in both groups (t=4.473, 5.874; P<0.01). Conclusion: DWI can be effectively to monitor the early pathological changes of hepatic Bel7402 tumors after Ad. CD-TK double suicide gene therapy, and provide experimental evidences for clinical application. (authors)

  13. Superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles mediated 131I-hVEGF siRNA inhibits hepatocellular carcinoma tumor growth in nude mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a primary liver tumor and is the most difficult human malignancy to treat. In this study, we sought to develop an integrative approach in which real-time tumor monitoring, gene therapy, and internal radiotherapy can be performed simultaneously. This was achieved through targeting HCC with superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIOs) carrying small interfering RNA with radiolabled iodine 131 (131I) against the human vascular endothelial growth factor (hVEGF). hVEGF siRNA was labeled with 131I by the Bolton-Hunter method and conjugated to SilenceMag, a type of SPIOs. 131I-hVEGF siRNA/SilenceMag was then subcutaneously injected into nude mice with HCC tumors exposed to an external magnetic field (EMF). The biodistribution and cytotoxicity of 131I-hVEGF siRNA/SilenceMag was assessed by SPECT (Single-Photon Emission Computed Tomography) and MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) studies and blood kinetics analysis. The body weight and tumor size of nude mice bearing HCC were measured daily for the 4-week duration of the experiment. 131I-hVEGF siRNA/SilenceMag was successfully labeled; with a satisfactory radiochemical purity (>80%) and biological activity in vitro. External application of an EMF successfully attracted and retained more 131I-hVEGF siRNA/SilenceMag in HCC tumors as shown by SPECT, MRI and biodistribution studies. The tumors treated with 131I-hVEGF siRNA/SilenceMag grew nearly 50% slower in the presence of EMF than those without EMF and the control. Immunohistochemical assay confirmed that the tumor targeted by 131I-hVEGF siRNA/SilenceMag guided by an EMF had a lower VEGF protein level compared to that without EMF exposure and the control. EMF-guided 131I-hVEGF siRNA/SilenceMag exhibited an antitumor effect. The synergic therapy of 131I-hVEGF siRNA/SilenceMag might be a promising future treatment option against HCC with the dual functional properties of tumor therapy and imaging

  14. Anti-tumor effect of silencing HIF-1α and survivin genes combined with radiotherapy on human hepatoma xenograft in nude mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to investigate the anti-tumor effect of RNA interference silencing HIF-1α and survivin genes combined with X-rays irradiation on human hepatoma xenograft in nude mice, siRNA expression plasmids targeting HIF-1α and/or survivin genes packed by liposome were injected into human hepatoma xenograft which were irradiated with 5 Gy X-rays later. Tumor volumes and mean survival period of mice at different time points were observed. Expression level of HIF-1α, survivin, PCNA and intratumoral microvessel density was detected by Immunohisto-chemical staining respectively. Apoptotic cells in tumor tissue were detected by TUNEL method. The results showed that tumor volumes of pGenesil-survivin-HIF+5 Gy group were significantly lower than that of pGene-sil-survivin+5 Gy group and pGenesil-HIF+5 Gy group on the 9th-21th day after the beginning of therapy. Mean survival period of mice in pGenesil-survivin-HIF+5 Gy group was the longest. Expression level of HIF-1α, survivin, PCNA and intratumoral microvessel density in pGenesil-survivin-HIF+5 Gy group were significantly lower than that of the control group and the radiotherapy group on the 1st day after therapy. Percentage of apoptotic cells in tumor tissue in pGenesil-survivin-HIF+5 Gy group was significantly higher than that in the other groups. These results suggested that RNA interference silencing HIF-1α and survivin genes combined with radiotherapy could effectively inhibit cell proliferation and tumor angiogenesis and enhance apoptosis in tumor xenograft. Its anti-tumor effect was more powerful than that of radiotherapy, RNA interference silencing HIF-1α or survivin gene combined with radiotherapy respectively. (authors)

  15. Mendelian analysis of a metastasis-prone substrain of BALB/c nude mice using a subcutaneously inoculated human tumour

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schou, M; Brünner, N; Spang-Thomsen, M; Rygaard, J

    2006-01-01

    BL/6J +/+ mice we found that the ability to allow a human tumour (MDA-MB-435 BAG) to express its metastatic phenotype is determined by a recessively inheritable trait in the mouse host. We are presently working to identify the genetics responsible for development of metastases. The study also...

  16. Effect of arsenic trioxide on vascular endothelial cell proliferation and expression of vascular endothelial growth factor receptors Flt-1 and KDR in gastric cancer in nude mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the effect of arsenic trioxide (As2O3) on expression of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-1 (VEGFR-1, Flt-1) and VEGFR-2 (KDR) in human gastric tumor cells and proliferation of vascular endothelial cells.METHODS: The solid tumor model was formed in nude mice with the gastric cancer cell line SGC-7901. The animals were treated with As2O3. Microvessel density (MVD) and expression of Flt-1 and KDR were detected by immunofluorescence laser confocal microscopy.SGC-7901 cells were treated respectively by exogenous recombinant human VEGF165 or VEGF165 + As2O3. Cell viability was measured by MTT assay. Cell viability of ECV304 cells was measured by MTT assay, and cell cycle and apoptosis were analyzed using flow cytometry.RESULTS: The tumor growth inhibition was 30.33% and 50.85%, respectively, in mice treated with As2O3 2.5 and 5 mg/kg. MVD was significantly lower in arsenic-treated mice than in the control group. The fluorescence intensity levels of Flt-1 and KDR were significantly less in the arsenic-treated mice than in the control group. VEGF165 may accelerate growth of SGC7901 cells, but As2O3 may disturb the stimulating effect of VEGF165. ECV304 cell growth was suppressed by 76.51%, 71.09% and 61.49% after 48 h treatment with As2O3 at 0.5, 2.5 and 5 μmol/L, respectively. Early apoptosis in the As2O3-treated mice was 2.88-5.1 times higher than that in the controls, and late apoptosis was 1.17-1.67 times higher than that in the controls.CONCLUSION: Our results showed that As2O3 delays tumor growth, inhibits MVD, down-regulates Flt-1 and KDR expression, and disturbs the stimulating effect of VEGF165 on the growth of SGC7901 cells. These results suggest that As2O3 might delay growth of gastric tumors through inhibiting the paracrine and autocrine pathways of VEGF/VEGFRs.

  17. ABCG2-overexpressing S1-M1-80 cell xenografts in nude mice keep original biochemistry and cell biological properties

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fang Wang; Yong-Ju Liang; Xing-Ping Wu; Xiao-Dong Su; Li-Wu Fu

    2012-01-01

    S1-M1-80 cells,derived from human colon carcinoma S1 cells,are mitoxantrone-selected ABCG2-overexpressing cells and are widely used in in vitro studies of multidrug resistance (MDR).In this study,S1-M1-80 cell xenografts were established to investigate whether the MDR phenotype and cell biological properties were maintained in vivo.Our results showed that the proliferation,cell cycle,and ABCG2 expression level in S1-M1-80 cells were similar to those in cells isolated from S1-M1-80 cell xenografts (named xS1-M1-80 cells).Consistently,xS1-M1-80 cells exhibited high levels of resistance to ABCG2 substrates such as mitoxantrone and topotecan,but remained sensitive to the non-ABCG2 substrate cisplatin.Furthermore,the specific ABCG2 inhibitor Ko143 potently sensitized xS1-M1-80 cells to mitoxantrone and topotecan.These results suggest that S1-M1-80 cell xenografts in nude mice retain their original cytological characteristics at 9 weeks.Thus,this model could serve as a good system for further investigation of ABCG2-mediated MDR.

  18. Comparative study of intact A7 MoAc and F(ab')2 fragments for radioimmunoimaging of human colon cancer in nude mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Differences of pharmacokinetics and tumor imaging ability between intact monoclonal antibody A7 (A7 MoAb) and F(ab)2 fragments were studied in human colon cancer (LS-174T)-bearing nude mice. The authors examined the yield and the immunoreactivity of F(ab)2 fragments after treatment with ficin as a function of time. The yield of F(ab)2 fragments reached about 50% after ficin treatment for 8 h, and the F(ab)2 retained about 80% of the immunoreactivity of the corresponding MoAb. Longer digestion with ficin produced smaller fragments (less than 92 kDa) with a lower yield and most of the immunoreactivity was lost. In pharmacokinetics studies, the F(ab')2 was preferentially taken up by the tumor, cleared more rapidly from the blood circulation and seemed to have less non-specific tissue binding than intact A7 MoAb. The tumor image obtained at an early time using 131I-F(ab')2 was much superior in quality to that with intact 131I-A7 MoAb. The use of F(ab')2 fragments may be effective for tumor diagnosis and therapy. (author)

  19. Effect of tamoxifen on the receptor-positive T61 and the receptor-negative T60 human breast carcinomas grown in nude mice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brünner, N; Spang-Thomsen, M; Vindeløv, L;

    1985-01-01

    A study was made of the in vivo effect of the anti-oestrogen tamoxifen on the growth and cell cycle kinetics of the oestrogen and progesterone receptor-positive T61 human breast carcinoma and of the oestrogen and progesterone receptor-negative T60 human breast carcinoma grown in nude mice. The T61...... tumour was exposed to single doses of 0.1, 1.0, 5 or 10 mg tamoxifen, resulting in serum concentrations 1 day after treatment ranging from less than 27 to 134 nM. The T60 tumour was exposed to a single dose of 1.0 mg tamoxifen. The effect on the tumour growth curves was determined according to a...... transformed Gompertz function, and the effect on the cell cycle distributions was estimated by flow cytometric DNA analysis on tumour tissue obtained by fine-needle aspirations at intervals after the treatment. The results showed that in the T61 tumour, tamoxifen induced a dose-related growth inhibition...

  20. Topical administration of Tetrasodium-Mesotetraphenyl-Porphinesulfonate (TPPS): correlations between drug penetration and depth of necrosis in skin of nude mice following red light irradiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The main side effect in photodynamic therapy is photosensitization of the patient's skin following systemic administration of the photosensitizing agent. In the case of superficial lesions, this problem can be avoided by topically applying the drug: in this way a local treatment can be performed. The photosensitizing properties of a 2% solution of TPPS (Tetrasodium-Tetraphenylpophinesulfonate) in a vehicle containing a penetration enhancer, Azone, on skin of nude mice has been tested. An aliquot of 0.1 ml/cm2 of the solution was painted on the skin overlying an s.c. implanted NMU-1 tumor. Subsequently, animals were sacrificed at different times after applications. Fluorescence microscopy revealed that TPPS penetration depth was related to time elapsed after application and to painting modalities. Solution penetration was enhanced by wiping with ether immediately before painting. Irradiation at 80 mW/cm2 for 20 min with a dye laser emitting at 640 nm, 4 h after TPPS applications, produced necrosis of the upper skin layers, up to 0.2 mm in depth. These findings suggest that topical TPPS administration, followed by laser irradiation, may be a suitable treatment modality for skin lesions involving epithelial layers, even though several aspects of this methodology need further investigation

  1. Biodistribution and γ imaging of 125I-labeled goat anti-human IgG polyclonal antibody in nude mice bearing human colon cancer xenografts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The possibility of IgG secreted from tumor cells as a target for radioimmunoimaging and targeted therapy of cancers were investigated. Goat anti-human IgG polyclonal anti- body (GAHG) was radioiodinated using Iodogen method, and the in vitro stability and pharmacokinetics were evaluated. The biodistribution and γ imaging of 125I-GAHG were performed in nude mice bearing HT-29 human colon cancer xenografts. 125I-GAHG showed good in vitro stability, and its blood clearance was defined as a two-compartment model, with T1/2α and T1/2β were 1.19 h and 43.99 h, respectively. The tumor uptake of 125I-GAHG was higher than that of 125I-labeled normal goat IgG control (125I-GIgG). 125I-GAHG showed good tumor retention when injecting via intra-tumor. In the biodistribution study, the highest tumor uptake of 125I-GAHG was 6.71±2.19%ID/g at 72 h postinjection and the T/NT increased along with the postinjection time. The results show that 125I-GAHG have good tumor-specific uptake which may provide a novel idea for radioimmunoimaging and targeted therapy of cancers. (authors)

  2. Inhibition of human tumor xenograft growth in nude mice by a conjugate of monoclonal antibody LA22 to epidermal growth factor receptor with anti-tumor antibiotics mitomycin C

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anti-EGFR monoclonal antibodies LA22 and Erbitux bind to different epitopes of EGFR. The chemimmunoconjugates of MMC with LA22 or Erbitux were prepared, and in vitro cytotoxicity assays with A549 cells showed that LA22-MMC was much more potent than Erbitux or Erbitux-MMC. Viabilities of A549 cells treated with LA22-MMC, Erbitux or Erbitux-MMC were 35%, 94%, and 81%, respectively. Immunoscintigraphy of xenografts of human A431 and A549 cells in nude mice both showed that 125I-labeled-LA22-MMC enriched in tumor sites prominently. Most importantly, in vivo assays showed LA22-MMC was significantly more effective than free drug MMC in the treatment of subcutaneous xenografts of human A431 cells in nude mice (83% inhibition for LA22-MMC and 30% for MMC). We concluded that LA22-MMC could be a very potent drug for treatment of solid tumors

  3. 脉血康对荷MHCC97H人肝癌裸鼠皮下移植瘤VEGF表达的影响%The Effect of Hirudin on the Expression of the Subcutaneous Implanted Tumor VEGF from Hepatocelluar Carcinoma MHCC97H in Athymic Mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈小敏; 李山平; 陈晓亮; 陈升有; 黄桢; 李豪侠

    2011-01-01

    Objective;To study the effect of hirudin on the expression of the subcutaneous implanted tumor VEGF from hepatocelluar carcinoma MHCC97H in athymic mice. Methods; Sixty athymic mice which bore high metastatic MHCC97 hepatocelluar carcinoma were randomized into six groups. Each group consists of ten mice. (1) Positive Control Group: 2mg/kg cisplatin was injected into the mice's abdominal cavity every alternate day; (2) Model Control Group .-mice were lavaged daily with distilled water, 0. 2mL/10g; (3) Low Dose Hirudin Group: mice were lavaged daily with hirudin 0. 5g/ kg; (4) Medium Dose Hirudin Group: mice were lavaged daily with hirudin l.Og/kg; (5) High Dose Hirudin Group; mice were lavaged daily with hirudin 2.0g/kg; (6)Joint Group:mice were lavaged daily with hirudin l.0g/kg and 2mg/ kg cisplatin was injected into their abdominal cavity every alternate day. The experiments lasted twenty - one days. After medication was applied, the athymic mice from each group were weighted every three days. In addition, the maximal diameter A and the minor diameter B of the tubercle of the implanted tumor in each athymic mouse were measured by vernier caliper every three days. Therefore, the volume of the tumor and the relative rate of tumor reproduction (T/C % ) were calculated and used as an indicator for the effectiveness of the treatment. Twenty - four hours after the last medication was applied, the tested animals were put down, weighted and photos were taken. Meanwhile, the tumor was separated from the body of each mouse. The separated tumor was weighed and was made rigid with methanol. The immunised technology was applied in order to measure the change of expression of the tumor VEGF. Results;Compared with the Control Group, the weight of the subcutaneous implanted tumor in athymic mice of the Hirudin Group、 the Cisplatin Injection group、the Joint Group had clearly reduced. The results show strong statistic differences (P 0. 05). Conclusion: The hirudin has

  4. Transfer of a CD4+ Th1 cell line to nude mice effects clearance of Rhodococcus equi from the lung.

    OpenAIRE

    Kanaly, S T; Hines, S.A.; Palmer, G H

    1996-01-01

    Rhodococcus equi, and intracellular respiratory pathogen, causes sever e granulomatous pneumonia in humans with AIDS and in young horses. Pulmonary clearance of R. equi requires functional CD4+ T cells and gamma interferon (IFN-gamma) expression from bronchial lymph node cells. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether R. equi-specific CD4+ Th1 cells could effect clearance of R. equi from the lung. Adoptive transfer of a clearance of R. equi from the lungs. In contrast, mice transf...

  5. Somatostatin receptor subtype 2-mediated scintigraphy and localization using 99mTc-HYNIC-Tyr3-octreotide in human hepatocellular carcinoma-bearing nude mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yong Li; Jian-Ming Si; Jun Zhang; Jin Du; Fan Wang; Bing Jia

    2005-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the uptake of 99mTc-HYNIC-Tyr3-octreotide (99mTc-HYNIC-TOC) in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), which can provide the localizable diagnosis in hepatic carcinoma.METHODS: The expression of somatostatin receptor 2(SSTR2) messenger RNA (mRNA) in human HCC cell line HepG2 was examined by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Uptake of 99mTc-HYNIC-TOC was evaluated in the human HCC implanted into BALB/c nude mice. ANMIS2000 nuclear medicine analysis system was used to calculate the ratio of 99mTC uptake between tumor tissue and vital organs.RESULTS: We demonstrated the expression of SSTR2mRNA in human HCC cell line HepG2 by RT-PCR. The size of the RT-PCR products was 364 bp detected by sequence analysis of the human SSTR2 mRNA. Scintigraphy proved that 99mTc-HYNIC-TOC was uptaken in the tumor tissue,liver and kidney of the tumor-bearing mice.CONCLUSION: Based on expression of the SSTR2 mRNA in human NCC, 99mTc-NYNIC-TOC can markedly bind with and be uptaken by human HCC tissues as compared with normal liver tissue. The significant retention of radionuclide in kidney and bladder is probably related to non-specific peptide uptake in the tubulus cells of kidney and possibly due to excretion by kidney. Our results show that localizable diagnosis and targeting radiotherapy with radionuclidelabeled somatostatin analog for HCC are of great value to be further studied.

  6. Sensing vascularization of ex-vivo produced oral mucosal equivalent (EVPOME) skin grafts in nude mice using optical spectroscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vishwanath, Karthik; Gurjar, Rajan; Kuo, Shiuhyang; Fasi, Anthony; Kim, Roderick; Riccardi, Suzannah; Feinberg, Stephen E.; Wolf, David E.

    2014-03-01

    Repair of soft tissue defects of the lips as seen in complex maxillofacial injuries, requires pre-vascularized multi-tissue composite grafts. Protocols for fabrication of human ex-vivo produced oral mucosal equivalents (EVPOME) composed of epithelial cells and a dermal equivalent are available to create prelaminated flaps for grafting in patients. However, invivo assessment of neovascularization of the buried prelaminated flaps remains clinically challenging. Here, we use diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS) and diffuse correlation spectroscopy (DCS) to non-invasively quantify longitudinal changes in the vessel density and blood-flow within EVPOME grafts implanted in the backs of SCID mice and subsequently to determine the utility of these optical techniques for assessing vascularization of implanted grafts. 20 animals were implanted with EVPOME grafts (1x1x0.05 cm3) in their backs. DRS and DCS measurements were obtained from each animal both atop the graft site and far away from the graft site, at one week post-implantation, each week, for four consecutive weeks. DRS spectra were analyzed using an inverse Monte Carlo model to extract tissue absorption and scattering coefficients, which were then used to extract blood flow information by fitting the experimental DCS traces. There were clear differences in the mean optical parameters (averaged across all mice) at the graft site vs. the off-site measurements. Both the total hemoglobin concentration (from DRS) and the relative blood flow (from DCS) peaked at week 3 at the graft site and declined to the off-site values by week 4. The optical parameters remained relatively constant throughout 4 weeks for the off-site measurements.

  7. Vitrified canine testicular cells allow the formation of spermatogonial stem cells and seminiferous tubules following their xenotransplantation into nude mice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Kyung Hoon; Lee, Won Young; Kim, Dong Hoon; Lee, Seung Hoon; Do, Jung Tae; Park, Chankyu; Kim, Jae Hwan; Choi, Young Suk; Song, Hyuk

    2016-01-01

    Belgian Malinois (BM), one of the excellent military dog breeds in South Korea, is usually castrated before sexual maturation. Therefore, the transfer of their genetic features to the next generation is difficult. To overcome this, testicular cells from 4-month-old BMs were frozen. Testicular cells were thawed after 3 months and cultured in StemPro-34 medium. Spermatogonial stem cell (SSC) characteristics were determined by the transplantation of the cultured germ cell-derived colonies (GDCs) into empty testes, containing only several endogenous SSCs and Sertoli cells, of immunodeficient mice, 4 weeks after busulfan treatment. Following the implantation, the transplanted cells localized in the basement membrane of the seminiferous tubules, and ultimately colonized the recipient testes. Xenotransplantation of GDCs together with testicular somatic cells conjugated with extracellular matrix (ECM), led to the formation of de novo seminiferous tubules. These seminiferous tubules were mostly composed of Sertoli cells. Some germ cells were localized in the basement membrane of seminiferous tubules. This study revealed that BM-derived SSCs, obtained from the castrated testes, might be a valuable tool for the transfer of BM genetic features to the next generation. PMID:26907750

  8. Effects of Per2 overexpression on growth inhibition and metastasis, and on MTA1, nm23-H1 and the autophagy-associated PI3K/PKB signaling pathway in nude mice xenograft models of ovarian cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Zhaoxia; Li, Li; Wang, Yang

    2016-06-01

    The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association between Period2 (Per2) and the occurrence and development of ovarian cancer, in addition to evaluating the effect of this gene on the growth and metastasis of ovarian cancer in nude mice xenograft models. The detection of Per2 by reverse transcription‑quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT‑qPCR) and western blotting methods at various stages of ovarian cancer in tumor tissue samples was conducted. Nude mice xenograft models of ovarian cancer were constructed using an ovarian cancer cell line and, using a gene transfection technique, exogenous infusion of the recombinant gene, Per2, was performed. To assess for the successful and stable expression of Per2 in the tumor tissue, levels of Per2 expression in the nude mice xenograft models were detected by RT‑qPCR. During the experimental period, the tumor volumes were measured every three days. Two weeks following treatment cessation, the nude mice were sacrificed and the tumor weight and volume were measured. Furthermore, detection of the changes in expression levels of metastasis‑associated gene 1 (MTA‑1) and tumor metastasis suppressor gene, non‑metastasis protein 23‑H1 (nm23‑H1), and the expression change of autophagy‑associated signal transduction pathway, phosphatidylinositol 3‑kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (PKB) kinase were analyzed. The findings demonstrated that with ovarian cancer stage development, the expression of Per2 gradually reduced or ceased. In addition, exogenous Per2 was successfully and stably expressed in nude mice tumor tissue samples. Furthermore, in the Per2 overexpression group, MTA‑1 protein expression was significantly reduced when compared with the phosphate‑buffered saline (PBS) control and empty plasmid groups, while nm23‑H1 protein expression was significantly higher when compared with those two groups. The expression levels of PI3K and PKB kinase, which are marker proteins of the autophagy

  9. Effects of Per2 overexpression on growth inhibition and metastasis, and on MTA1, nm23-H1 and the autophagy-associated PI3K/PKB signaling pathway in nude mice xenograft models of ovarian cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    WANG, ZHAOXIA; LI, LI; WANG, YANG

    2016-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association between Period2 (Per2) and the occurrence and development of ovarian cancer, in addition to evaluating the effect of this gene on the growth and metastasis of ovarian cancer in nude mice xenograft models. The detection of Per2 by reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and western blotting methods at various stages of ovarian cancer in tumor tissue samples was conducted. Nude mice xenograft models of ovarian cancer were constructed using an ovarian cancer cell line and, using a gene transfection technique, exogenous infusion of the recombinant gene, Per2, was performed. To assess for the successful and stable expression of Per2 in the tumor tissue, levels of Per2 expression in the nude mice xenograft models were detected by RT-qPCR. During the experimental period, the tumor volumes were measured every three days. Two weeks following treatment cessation, the nude mice were sacrificed and the tumor weight and volume were measured. Furthermore, detection of the changes in expression levels of metastasis-associated gene 1 (MTA-1) and tumor metastasis suppressor gene, non-metastasis protein 23-H1 (nm23-H1), and the expression change of autophagy-associated signal transduction pathway, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (PKB) kinase were analyzed. The findings demonstrated that with ovarian cancer stage development, the expression of Per2 gradually reduced or ceased. In addition, exogenous Per2 was successfully and stably expressed in nude mice tumor tissue samples. Furthermore, in the Per2 overexpression group, MTA-1 protein expression was significantly reduced when compared with the phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) control and empty plasmid groups, while nm23-H1 protein expression was significantly higher when compared with those two groups. The expression levels of PI3K and PKB kinase, which are marker proteins of the autophagy associated signaling pathway PI3

  10. Luciferase bioluminescence imaging monitoring gene therapeutic effect of apoptosis-inducing ligand for lung cancer A549 cells nude mice transplantation tumor in vivo

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To detect the expression and effect of human tumor necrosis factor related apoptosis-inducing ligand (hTRAIL) in vivo,by using a novel double expressing adenoviral vector encoding hTRAIL and firefly luciferase (luc) gene (ad-luc-hTRAIL), in which luc was used as reporter gene. Methods: Lung cancer A549 cell xenografts in 16 nude mice models were established in subcutaneous inoculation way, the adenovirus vectors (ad-luc-hTRAIL, ad-hTRAIL, ad-luc) and phosphate buffer saline (PBS) (n=4) as control were injected into tumor respectively. The size of the tumor was measured at different time points (4, 7, 10, 14, 21, 28 d) after injection. The activity of luciferase in surface of the tumor was detected in vivo by using high-sensitivity cooled-charged coupled device (CCD) camera. The expression of hTRAIL was demonstrated by immunohistochemistry staining after sacrificing the animals at different time points, and immunohistochemical scores (IHS) were measured. The apoptosis rate of tumor cells was detected by using TUNEL and calculated. Analysis of variance, the paired t test and linear correlation analysis was used for the statistics. Results: The growing speed of tumour xenografts was more slowly in ad-luc-hTRAIL and ad-hTRAIL groups than PBS group (t=2.71, 2.72, P<0.05). The tumor volumes of ad-luc-hTRAIL, ad-hTRAIL, ad-luc and PBS groups 28 days after injection were (208.4 ± 42.3), (181.5 ±23.9), (403.1 ± 54.0) and (427.0 ± 59.3) mm3, respectively. There was no significant difference between ad-luc group and PBS group (t=2.07, P>0.05). The expression of luciferase in ad-luc-hTRAIL group reached its peak at 7th day (1.37 ± 1.04), and then decreased quickly. The IHS and apoptosis rate in ad-luc-hTRAIL and ad-hTRAIL groups reached their peaks at 7th day, the peak values of IHS were 6.25 ±2.06 and 6.5 ± 2.89, the peak values of apoptosis rate were (60.75 ± 8.06)% and (61.50 ± 8.47)%,respectively. The amount of luciferase expression (absolute number of

  11. In vivo imaging and specific targeting of P-glycoprotein expression in multidrug resistant nude mice xenografts with [125I]MRK-16 monoclonal antibody

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Multidrug resistance (MDR) in tumors is associated with P-glycoprotein (Pgp) expression. In vivo quantitation of Pgp may allow MDR to be evaluated noninvasively prior to treatment planning. The purpose of this study was to radiolabel MRK-16, a monoclonal antibody that targets an external epitope of P-glycoprotein, and perform in vivo quantitation of P-glycoprotein in a MDR xenograft nude mouse model. MRK-16 was labeled with 125I by the iodogen method, with subsequent purification by size exclusion chromatography. Groups of 10 Balb/c mice were each xenografted with colchicine-resistant or -sensitive neuroblastoma cell lines, respectively. Whole body clearance and tumor uptake over time was quantitated by gamma camera imaging, and biodistribution studies were performed with [125]MRK-16 and an isotype matched control antibody, A33. Quantitative autoradiography and immunohistochemistry analysis of tumors was also evaluated to confirm specific targeting of [125I]MRK-16. Peak tumor uptake was at 2-3 days post-injection, and was significantly greater in resistance compared to sensitive tumors (mean % injected dose/g ± SD) (18.76 ± 2.94 vs 10.93 ± 0.96; p 125I]MRK-16 was confirmed by comparison to [131I]A33 in biodistribution studies, and localized to cellular components of tissue stroma by comparison of histologic and autoradiographic sections of sensitive and resistant tumors. Immunoblot analysis demonstrated a 4.5-fold difference in P-glycoprotein expression between sensitive and resistant cell lines without colchicine selective pressure. We conclude that in vivo quantitation of P-glycoprotein in MDR tumors can be performed with [125I]MRK-16. These findings suggest a potential clinical application for radiolabeled MRK-16 in the in vivo evaluation of multidrug resistance in tumors

  12. MR immuno-imaging study using avidin-biotin pre-targeting system on nude mice grafted with human colorectal carcinoma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To further improve the amount of gadolinium located on tumor, a gadolinium chelate enhanced magnetic resonance imaging pre-targeting with avidin-biotin system technique was adopted and the enhancing characteristics of difference of signal intensity at various scan timing were investigated in author's experiment. Methods: (1) Anti-CEA antibody CL-3 was biotinylated in a mixture with antibody to NHS-LS-biotin with a molar ratio of 1/30-50. (2) After the reaction of GdCl3 and DTPA-B, the unconjugated gadolinium was removed by chromatography on G-10 column. (3) Steps for pre-targeting tumor: First step, McAb-B was injected intravenously into nude mice on the first day. Second step, avidin (Av) and streptavidin (SA) were injected intraperitoneally 24 hours later. Third step, Gd-DTPA-Bt was injected intravenously 48 hours after the first injection. MRI was performed with plain scans, enhanced scans at 20 minutes, 2 hours, 8 hours, and 24 hours after the third step. Signal intensities of tumor and muscles were measured. The pre-targeting effect was compared with those of Gd-DTPA-McAb and Gd-DTPA. Results: (1) Each monoclonal antibody conjugated with 11-23 biotin and the immuno-activity of biotinylated antibody with 12 biotin/antibody was 94.9%. (2) The enhancing effect of pre-targeting approach was tumor specific. Contrarily that of Gd-DTPA was not. (3) The enhancing rate of signal intensity specificity of pre-targeting approach was 43%, while that of McAb-Gd-DTPA was 17.9% only, so the enhancing ratio was 2.4. Conclusion: Pre-targeting approach using avidin-biotin system improves the amounts of gadolinium locating on tumors and yields a specific enhancing effect. It is a promising modality which promotes the ability of Gd labelled magnetic resonance immuno-imaging in the detection of colon cancer and its recurrence

  13. Conversion of adipose-derived stem cells into natural killer-like cells with anti-tumor activities in nude mice.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hongxiu Ning

    Full Text Available Efforts to develop peripheral blood-derived nature killer (NK cells into therapeutic products have been hampered by these cells' low abundance and histoincompatibility. On the other hand, derivation of NK-like cells from more abundant cell sources such as embryonic stem cells (ESCs and umbilical cord blood (UCB requires the selection of rare CD34+ cells. Thus, we sought to convert adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs, which are abundant and natively CD34+, into NK-like cells. When grown in hematopoietic induction medium, ADSCs formed sphere clusters and expressed hematopoietic markers CD34, CD45, and KDR. Further induction in NK cell-specific medium resulted in a population of cells that expressed NK cell marker CD56, and thus termed ADSC-NK. Alternatively, the hematopoietically induced ADSCs were transduced with NK cell-specific transcription factor E4BP4 prior to induction in NK cell-specific medium. This latter population of cells, termed ADSC-NKE, expressed CD56 and additional NK cell markers such as CD16, CD94, CD158, CD314, FasL, and NKp46. ADSC-NKE was as potent as NK leukemia cell NKL in killing breast cancer cell MCF7 and prostate cancer cells DU145, PC3, LnCap, DuPro, C4-2 and CWR22, but exhibited no killing activity toward normal endothelial and smooth muscle cells. In nude mice test ADSC-NKE was able to significantly delay the progression of tumors formed by MCF7 and PC3. When injected into immunocompetent rats, ADSC-NKE was detectable in bone marrow and spleen for at least 5 weeks. Together, these results suggest that ADSCs can be converted into NK-like cells with anti-tumor activities.

  14. Growth of human gastric cancer cells in nude mice is delayed by a ketogenic diet supplemented with omega-3 fatty acids and medium-chain triglycerides

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Voelker Hans

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Among the most prominent metabolic alterations in cancer cells are the increase in glucose consumption and the conversion of glucose to lactic acid via the reduction of pyruvate even in the presence of oxygen. This phenomenon, known as aerobic glycolysis or the Warburg effect, may provide a rationale for therapeutic strategies that inhibit tumour growth by administration of a ketogenic diet with average protein but low in carbohydrates and high in fat enriched with omega-3 fatty acids and medium-chain triglycerides (MCT. Methods Twenty-four female NMRI nude mice were injected subcutaneously with tumour cells of the gastric adenocarcinoma cell line 23132/87. The animals were then randomly split into two feeding groups and fed either a ketogenic diet (KD group; n = 12 or a standard diet (SD group; n = 12 ad libitum. Experiments were ended upon attainment of the target tumor volume of 600 mm3 to 700 mm3. The two diets were compared based on tumour growth and survival time (interval between tumour cell injection and attainment of target tumour volume. Results The ketogenic diet was well accepted by the KD mice. The tumour growth in the KD group was significantly delayed compared to that in the SD group. Tumours in the KD group reached the target tumour volume at 34.2 ± 8.5 days versus only 23.3 ± 3.9 days in the SD group. After day 20, tumours in the KD group grew faster although the differences in mean tumour growth continued significantly. Importantly, they revealed significantly larger necrotic areas than tumours of the SD group and the areas with vital tumour cells appear to have had fewer vessels than tumours of the SD group. Viable tumour cells in the border zone surrounding the necrotic areas of tumours of both groups exhibited a glycolytic phenotype with expression of glucose transporter-1 and transketolase-like 1 enzyme. Conclusion Application of an unrestricted ketogenic diet enriched with omega-3 fatty acids and MCT

  15. Preparation of 99Tcm labeled survivin mRNA antisense PNA and gene imaging in nude mice bearing lung carcinoma A549 xenografts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To prepare the 99Tcm-survivin mRNA antisense peptide nucleic acid (PNA)and investigate its value as a gene imaging agent in tumor bearing mice and early diagnosis in tumor. Methods: Survivin mRNA antisense PNA and mismatch PNA were synthesized. Four amino acids (Gly- (D)Ala-Gly-Gly) and Aba (4-aminobutyric acid) were linked to the 5' end of PNA. Gly- (D)Ala-Gly-Gly served as a chelating moiety for strong chelation of 99Tcm and Aba acted as a spacer to minimize the steric hindrance. PNAs were labeled with 99Tcm by the ligand-exchange method. The labeling efficiency and radiochemical purity were measured by HPLC and ITLC methods. There were five BALB/c nude mice bearing human lung carcinoma (A549) in each of antisense PNA and mismatch PNA groups. Gene imaging of 99Tcm-survivin mRNA antisense and mismatch PNAs were performed at 1, 2 and 4 h post the injection, respectively, and the T/NT ratio was measured by the method of ROI. The statistical comparisons of average values were performed with the two-group t-test for independent sample by SPSS 13.0. Results: The product kept stable in vitro. The labeling efficiency of 99Tcm-survivin mRNA antisense PNA was (95.48 ±1.92)% and more than 85% after the incubation for 24 h in serum. The radiochemical purity was >95%. The labeling efficiency of mismatch PNA was similar to the antisense PNA. 99Tcm-survivin mRNA antisense PNA was especially uptaken by tumor lesion, and its accumulation reached the top at 4 h post the injection. T/NT ratios at 1, 2, and 4 h were 2.70 ± 0.28, 3.44 ± 0.35,4.21 ± 0.63, respectively. In the comparison, the T/NT ratio of 99Tcm-survivin mRNA mismatch PNA at 4 h (3.12 ±0.50) was significantly lower (t=2.918, P=0.019). Conclusions: 99Tcm-survivin mRNA antisense PNA has high labeling efficiency,good stability and no need of purification. Its characteristic of especial uptake by tumor lesion provides the potential value in early diagnosis of tumor. (authors)

  16. Labelling of anti-human bladder tumor chimeric antibody with 99Tcm and radioimmunoimaging of bladder carcinoma xenograft in nude mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To study the in vitro immunoreactivity and in vivo tissue distribution, tumor targeting property of anti-human bladder tumor human-murine chimeric antibody (ch-BDI) labeled with 99Tcm and to investigate its possibility for being used in guiding diagnosis and guiding therapy of bladder cancer. Methods: The ch-BDI was labeled with 99Tcm by improved Schwarz method and the labeled antibody was purified by Sephadex G-50. Labeling yield and radiochemical purity were measured by paper chromatography. The immunoreactive fraction and association constant (Ka) were measured by Lindmo method and Scatchard analysis, respectively. 11.1 MBq (30 μg) 99Tcm-ch-BDI was intravenously injected into nude mice bearing human bladder cancer xenografts in the right thigh and radioimmunoimaging (RII) was performed 2, 6, 20 and 24 h postinjection. The images were processed by region of interest (ROI) method to acquire the counts of whole body and the tumor and the counts ratios of tumor to contralateral normal tissue or to tissues of other non-tumor bearing organs. The mice were killed after 24 h postinjection imaging and tissue distribution was measured. %ID/g and target to nontarget (T/NT) ratios were calculated. Results: The labeling yield and radiochemical purity of 99Tcm-ch-BDI were (66.5±7.3)% and >90%, respectively. The immunoreactive fraction was 76% and Ka was 3.56 x 109 L/mol. RII showed that the tumor was clearly visualized 6 h postinjection and becoming clearer along with time prolonging. The radioactivity of whole body decreased rapidly with time, whereas the radioactivity of the tumor decreased slowly. The T/NT ratios was increased with time. Biodistribution results showed that tumor uptake was 17.4%ID/g 24 h postinjection. T/NT ratios were very high except for the kidney. T/NT ratios for brain, muscle, intestinal wall, bone and heart wall were 136.0, 55.1, 39.3, 29.7 and 27.9, respectively. Conclusion: 99Tcm-ch-BDI exhibits excellent immunoreactivity and tumor

  17. Growth of human gastric cancer cells in nude mice is delayed by a ketogenic diet supplemented with omega-3 fatty acids and medium-chain triglycerides

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Among the most prominent metabolic alterations in cancer cells are the increase in glucose consumption and the conversion of glucose to lactic acid via the reduction of pyruvate even in the presence of oxygen. This phenomenon, known as aerobic glycolysis or the Warburg effect, may provide a rationale for therapeutic strategies that inhibit tumour growth by administration of a ketogenic diet with average protein but low in carbohydrates and high in fat enriched with omega-3 fatty acids and medium-chain triglycerides (MCT). Twenty-four female NMRI nude mice were injected subcutaneously with tumour cells of the gastric adenocarcinoma cell line 23132/87. The animals were then randomly split into two feeding groups and fed either a ketogenic diet (KD group; n = 12) or a standard diet (SD group; n = 12) ad libitum. Experiments were ended upon attainment of the target tumor volume of 600 mm3 to 700 mm3. The two diets were compared based on tumour growth and survival time (interval between tumour cell injection and attainment of target tumour volume). The ketogenic diet was well accepted by the KD mice. The tumour growth in the KD group was significantly delayed compared to that in the SD group. Tumours in the KD group reached the target tumour volume at 34.2 ± 8.5 days versus only 23.3 ± 3.9 days in the SD group. After day 20, tumours in the KD group grew faster although the differences in mean tumour growth continued significantly. Importantly, they revealed significantly larger necrotic areas than tumours of the SD group and the areas with vital tumour cells appear to have had fewer vessels than tumours of the SD group. Viable tumour cells in the border zone surrounding the necrotic areas of tumours of both groups exhibited a glycolytic phenotype with expression of glucose transporter-1 and transketolase-like 1 enzyme. Application of an unrestricted ketogenic diet enriched with omega-3 fatty acids and MCT delayed tumour growth in a mouse xenograft model. Further

  18. 蜂毒素对裸鼠骨肉瘤治疗作用及安全性的实验研究%Experimental Study of Treatment and Safety of Melittin on Xenotransplanted Models of Nude Mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高启龙; 杨峰; 姚亚民; 王怀章; 刘怀民; 陈永强

    2011-01-01

    目的:观察蜂毒素对骨肉瘤裸鼠移植瘤生长抑制作用及毒副反应.方法:建立裸鼠骨肉瘤原位移植瘤模型,随机分4组:生理盐水组,蜂毒素低、高剂量组,顺铂组.观察各组裸鼠骨肉瘤的体积和体质量抑制率;放射免疫法测定血清碱性磷酸酶活性;测定外周血常规、骨髓有核细胞数目;光镜观察心肝脾肺肾及肿瘤的病理组织学情况;电镜观察肿瘤细胞的微细结构.结果:蜂毒素低剂量组肿瘤体积和体质量抑制率分别为42.98%、39.03%,高剂量组分别为67.54%、48.66%,蜂毒素能明显降低血清AKP水平;光镜与电镜下蜂毒素能诱导骨肉瘤细胞凋亡或坏死;高剂量蜂毒素给药后可见扭体动作、精神不振、萎靡少动等毒性反应,肾脏病理切片可见肾小管间质扩张充血,肾细胞间隙炎性细胞集聚.蜂毒素各组骨髓及心肺肝脾等脏器未造成明显毒副反应.结论:蜂毒素具有抑制骨肉瘤裸鼠移植瘤生长的作用,并能促使肿瘤细胞凋亡或坏死,无明显的毒副作用.%Objective; To study the antitumor effects and toxic and side effects of Melittin on xenotransplanted models of nude mice. Methods: Xenotransplanted models of SD rat osteosarcoma cell UMR - 106 in the laevo - hind tibia of nude mice were established. Inoculated mice were randomly divided into normal saline group,positive controlgroup,low and high dose Melittin group. All the nude mice were sacrificed after treatment,the size and weight of tumor were measured and the tumor volumes and the inhibition rates of tumor were calculated,and peripheral blood cells,alkaline phosphatase and medullary karyote in one femur of nude mice were counted by hematology analyzer. Tumor tissues, myocardium, lung, liver, spleen, kidney and brain were sectioned, stained with hematoxylin and eosin.and then observed by light and electron microscope. Results-.The mice treated with high dose Melittin groups showed significantly smaller volume

  19. Enhancement of bone marrow allografts from nude mice into mismatched recipients by T cells void of graft-versus-host activity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Transplantation of 8 x 10(6) C57BL/6-Nu+/Nu+ (nude) bone marrow cells into C3H/HeJ recipients after conditioning with 8 Gy of total body irradiation has resulted in a markedly higher rate of graft rejection or graft failure compared to that found in recipients of normal C57BL/6 or C57BL/6-Bg+/Bg+ (beige) T-cell-depleted bone marrow. Mixing experiments using different numbers of nude bone marrow cells with or without mature thymocytes (unagglutinated by peanut agglutinin) revealed that engraftment of allogeneic T-cell-depleted bone marrow is T-cell dependent. To ensure engraftment, a large inoculum of nude bone marrow must be supplemented with a trace number of donor T cells, whereas a small bone marrow dose from nude donors requires a much larger number of T cells for engraftment. Marked enhancement of donor type chimerism was also found when F1 thymocytes were added to nude bone marrow cells, indicating that the enhancement of bone marrow engraftment by T cells is not only mediated by alloreactivity against residual host cells but may rather be generated by growth factors, the release of which may require specific interactions between T cells and stem cells or between T cells and bone marrow stroma cells

  20. Effects of xenogeneic, allogeneic and isogeneic thymus grafts on lymphocyte populations in peripheral lymphoid organs of the nude rat

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hougen, H P; Klausen, B; Stenvang, J P;

    1987-01-01

    In order to gain information about the effect of xenografted, allografted and isografted thymic tissue on peripheral lymphoid organs of immune-deficient rats, athymic nude LEW rats of ninth backcross-intercross were grafted with fetal calf and neonatal BDIX and LEW thymus. Adrenalectomy was also...

  1. Enhancement of bone marrow allografts from nude mice into mismatched recipients by T cells void of graft-versus-host activity.

    OpenAIRE

    Lapidot, T; Lubin, I; Terenzi, A; Faktorowich, Y; Erlich, P; Reisner, Y

    1990-01-01

    Transplantation of 8 x 10(6) C57BL/6-Nu+/Nu+ (nude) bone marrow cells into C3H/HeJ recipients after conditioning with 8 Gy of total body irradiation has resulted in a markedly higher rate of graft rejection or graft failure compared to that found in recipients of normal C57BL/6 or C57BL/6-Bg+/Bg+ (beige) T-cell-depleted bone marrow. Mixing experiments using different numbers of nude bone marrow cells with or without mature thymocytes (unagglutinated by peanut agglutinin) revealed that engraft...

  2. In vivo imaging and specific targeting of P-glycoprotein expression in multidrug resistant nude mice xenografts with [{sup 125}I]MRK-16 monoclonal antibody

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Scott, Andrew M.; Rosa, Eddie; Mehta, Bippin M.; Divgi, Chaitanya R.; Finn, Ronald D.; Biedler, June L.; Tsuruo, Takashi; Kalaigian, Hovannes; Larson, Steven M

    1995-05-01

    Multidrug resistance (MDR) in tumors is associated with P-glycoprotein (Pgp) expression. In vivo quantitation of Pgp may allow MDR to be evaluated noninvasively prior to treatment planning. The purpose of this study was to radiolabel MRK-16, a monoclonal antibody that targets an external epitope of P-glycoprotein, and perform in vivo quantitation of P-glycoprotein in a MDR xenograft nude mouse model. MRK-16 was labeled with {sup 125}I by the iodogen method, with subsequent purification by size exclusion chromatography. Groups of 10 Balb/c mice were each xenografted with colchicine-resistant or -sensitive neuroblastoma cell lines, respectively. Whole body clearance and tumor uptake over time was quantitated by gamma camera imaging, and biodistribution studies were performed with [{sup 125}]MRK-16 and an isotype matched control antibody, A33. Quantitative autoradiography and immunohistochemistry analysis of tumors was also evaluated to confirm specific targeting of [{sup 125}I]MRK-16. Peak tumor uptake was at 2-3 days post-injection, and was significantly greater in resistance compared to sensitive tumors (mean % injected dose/g {+-} SD) (18.76 {+-} 2.94 vs 10.93 {+-} 0.96; p < 0.05). Quantitative autoradiography verified these findings (19.13 {+-} 0.622 vs 12.08 {+-} 0.38, p < 0.05). Specific binding of [{sup 125}I]MRK-16 was confirmed by comparison to [{sup 131}I]A33 in biodistribution studies, and localized to cellular components of tissue stroma by comparison of histologic and autoradiographic sections of sensitive and resistant tumors. Immunoblot analysis demonstrated a 4.5-fold difference in P-glycoprotein expression between sensitive and resistant cell lines without colchicine selective pressure. We conclude that in vivo quantitation of P-glycoprotein in MDR tumors can be performed with [{sup 125}I]MRK-16. These findings suggest a potential clinical application for radiolabeled MRK-16 in the in vivo evaluation of multidrug resistance in tumors.

  3. Inhibition of metastasis to lung of a human nasopharyngeal carcinoma cell line CNE-2L2 transfected with pRc/CMV-antisense 6A8 cDNA in nude mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张立新; 刘玉琴; 马凤蓉; 顾蓓; 史耕先; 赵雪梅; 李波; 高进; 赵方萄; 张淑珍; 李国燕; 王讯; 朱立平

    1999-01-01

    The growth of CNE-2L2 cell, a cloned line of human nasopharyngeal carcinoma with a high potentiality of metastasis to lung was inhibited to a certain extent after transfection with a recombinant antisense expression vector of a cDNA encoding a human α-mannosidase (pRc/CMV-antisense 6A8 cDNA)( the Genbank accession number of 6A8 cDNA is U37248) in comparison with that of the cell transfected with the Mock and of the wild cell. Two months after a subcutaneous inoculation of CNE-2L2 cell into the axilla of nude mice metastatic lesions in the lung were observed in 9/10 mice (90%) with grade Ⅲ in 8 mice and grade Ⅱ in one mouse in the wild cell group, in 6/8 mice (75%) with grade Ⅲ in one mouse, grade Ⅱ in 2 mice and grade Ⅰ in 3 mice in the Mock-transfection group, in only 3/10 mice (30%) with all grade Ⅰ in pRc/CMV-antisense 6A8 cDNA-transfection group.

  4. Differentiation and functional maturation of bone marrow-derived intestinal epithelial T cells expressing membrane T cell receptor in athymic radiation chimeras

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The thymus dependency of murine intestinal intraepithelial lymphocytes (IEL) was studied in an athymic F1----parent radiation chimera model. IEL, although not splenic or lymph node lymphocytes, from athymic chimeras displayed normal levels of cells bearing the class-specific T cell Ag, CD4 and CD8; the TCR-associated molecule, CD3; and the Thy-1 Ag. Moreover, two-color flow cytometric analyses of IEL from athymic mice demonstrated regulated expression of T cell Ag characteristic of IEL subset populations from thymus-bearing mice. In immunoprecipitation experiments, surface TCR-alpha beta or TCR-gamma delta were expressed on IEL, although not on splenic lymphocytes, from athymic chimeras. That IEL from athymic chimeras constituted a population of functionally mature effector cells activated in situ, similar to IEL from thymus-bearing mice, was demonstrated by the presence of CD3-mediated lytic activity of athymic lethally irradiated bone marrow reconstituted IEL. These data provide compelling evidence that intestinal T cells do not require thymic influence for maturation and development, and demonstrate that the microenvironment of the intestinal epithelium is uniquely adapted to regulate IEL differentiation

  5. Influence of gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist on the effect of chemotherapy upon ovarian cancer and the prevention of chemotherapy-induced ovarian damage: an experimental study with nu/nu athymic mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qiong-yan LIN; Yi-feng WANG; Hui-nan WENG; Xiu-jie SHENG; Qing-ping JIANG; Zhi-ying YANG

    2012-01-01

    Background and objective:Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) plays an important role in the regulation of ovarian function and ovarian cancer cell growth.In this study,we determined whether administration of the GnRH agonist (GnRHa),triporelin,prior to cisplatin treatment affects cisplatin and/or prevents cisplatin-induced ovarian damage.Methods:nu/nu mice were injected with ovarian cancer OVCAR-3 cells intraperitoneally.After two weeks,the mice were treated with saline (control),cisplatin,GnRHa,or cisplatin plus GnRHa for four weeks.At the end of the experimental protocol,blood,tumor,ovary,and uterine tissues were resected for hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining,immunohistochemical analyses of Ki67,nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB),and caspase-3,transmission electron microscopy of apoptosis,or enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) analyses of anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH).Results:Cisplatin treatment effectively inhibited tumor growth in mice treated with human ovarian cancer cells; however the treatment also induced considerable toxicity.Immunohistochemical analyses showed that Ki67 expression was reduced in cisplatin-treated mice compared to control (P<0.05),but there was no statistically significant differences between cisplatin-treated mice and cisplatin plus GnRHa-treated mice (P>0.05),while expressions of NF-κB and caspase-3 were reduced and induced,respectively,in cisplatin-treated mice and cisplatin plus GnRHa-treated mice.Apoptosis occurred in the GnRHa,cisplatin,and cisplatin plus GnRHa-treated mice,but not in control mice.Ovaries exposed to GnRHa in both GnRHa mice and cisplatin-treated mice (combination group) had significantly more primordial and growth follicles and serum levels of AMH than those in the control mice and cisplatin-treated mice (P<0.05).Conclusions:Administration of GnRHa to mice significantly decreased the extent of ovarian damage induced by cisplatin,but did not affect the anti-tumor activity of cisplatin.

  6. A dominated and resistant subpopulation causes regrowth after response to 1,3-bis(2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea treatment of a heterogeneous small cell lung cancer xenograft in nude mice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aabo, K; Roed, H; Vindeløv, L L;

    1994-01-01

    In order to address the question of the influence of a primarily chemoresistant tumor cell subpopulation on the progression of a heterogeneous tumor after cytotoxic therapy, in vitro established human small cell lung cancer cell lines of a 1,3-bis(2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea (BCNU)-sensitive (592......) and a resistant (NYH) tumor were used to produce mixed solid tumors in nude mice. Mixtures of 592/NYH (9:1 and 1:1) were inoculated s.c. After 3-4 weeks of tumor growth, the mice were stratified according to tumor size and randomized to treatment with BCNU 40 mg/kg i.p. (10% of lethal dose) or no...

  7. Establishment of lung metastasis model of human primary malignant melanoma in the small intestine in nude mice%人原发性小肠恶性黑色素瘤裸鼠肺转移模型的建立

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张宁; 脱帅; 杨波; 刘秋珍

    2009-01-01

    目的 建立原发性小肠恶性黑色素瘤肺转移动物模型.方法 采用人原发性小肠恶性黑色素瘤肺转移瘤的新鲜瘤组织块植入裸鼠小肠黏膜层内,当裸鼠体内形成肺转移瘤后重复筛选4次,再将肺转移瘤植入另一只裸鼠小肠黏膜行鼠问连续传代.观察原位移植成瘤率和转移率,进行形态学、染色体核型和流式细胞仪分析.结果 建成的人原发性小肠恶性黑色素瘤裸鼠肺转移模型命名为HSIM-0601,瘤细胞胞质内可见大量黑色素颗粒及黑色素复合体,S-100、HMB-45呈阳性表达.染色体数57~59条;流式细胞DNA指数值1.49,均为异倍体.HSIM-0601已传至26代,共移植裸鼠173只,成瘤率和液氮冻存复苏成活率均为100%.肺转移率为100%(173/173),淋巴结转移率为61.3%(106/173).结论 首次成功地建立了人原发性小肠恶性黑色素瘤裸鼠原位移植肺转移模型HSIM-0601.完整地模拟了人小肠恶性黑色素瘤患者的自然临床病理过程,为研究原发性小肠恶性黑色素瘤肺转移机制和抗转移治疗提供了理想的动物模型.%Objective To provide an ideal animal model for exploring the pathogenesis and experimental treatment of malignant melanoma in the small intestine.Methods Fresh tissue of lung metastatic lesions from patients with malignant melanoma of the smallintestine were transplanted into mucosa of the small intestine in nude mice.After 4 times of screening.the tissue of the lung metastatic lesions from the nude mice were transplanted into the small intestine of additionat nude mice.Tumorgenecity and metastasis of transplanted tumors were observed,and were analyzed by morphology,karyotype and flow cytometry.Results A lung metastatic model of human primary malignant melanoma of the small intestine in nude mice was successfully constructed and named HSIM-0601.Massive melanin granules and melanin complex were seen in cytoplasm of tumor cells.Immunohistochemical straining of S-100 and

  8. 三种癌裸鼠移植瘤肝脾转移的比较研究%A Comparative Study on the Liver and Spleen Metastasis of Three Transplanted Carcinomas in Nude Mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    褚芳; 余华; 方铝; 周艳艳; 郑国安; 范其坤; 丁琦

    2012-01-01

    Objective To observe and compare the liver and spleen metastasis of transplanted human ovarian cancer, gastric cancer and colon cancer in nude mice. Method The human ovarian cancer, gastric cancer and colon cancer were transplanted to the nude mice. The growth rate of the solid tumors, the survival time, and the pathological changes in the liver and spleen metastasis of three transplanted carcinomas were observed. Results The rates of tumor formation and the liver metastasis of xenografted human ovarian cancer, gastric cancer and colon cancer in nude mice were 100% . The spleen metastasis rate of human ovarian cancer was 100% , that of gastric cancer was 62. 5% , and that of colon cancer was 75% . The tumor growth rate of solid tumor of human ovarian cancer in nude mice was higher than that of solid tumor of gastric cancer and colon cancer, and spleen metastasis of human ovarian cancer was rapider with a short survival time. There were differences in the pathological changes in the liver and spleen metastasis of three transplanted carcinomas. Conclusion The models of liver and spleen metastasis of transplanted human ovarian cancer, gastric cancer and colon cancer in nude mice can reproduce clinical processes of the liver and spleen metastasis of three transplanted carcinomas, which makes for the studies on biological mechanism of liver and spleen metastasis of human ovarian cancer, gastric cancer and colon cancer and anti-metastasis.%目的 利用人卵巢癌、胃癌、结肠癌裸鼠移植瘤动物模型观察比较肝脾转移情况.方法 分别将人卵巢癌、胃癌、结肠癌实体瘤移植到裸鼠皮下,在建立人卵巢癌、胃癌、结肠癌裸鼠实体瘤模型的基础上,观察裸鼠实体瘤生长速度、存活时间及肝脾转移病理形态学变化.结果 人卵巢癌、胃癌、结肠癌实体瘤移植到裸鼠皮下,移植成瘤率、肝转移率皆为100%;卵巢癌脾转移100%;胃癌脾转移62.5%;结肠癌脾转移75%.人

  9. 蜂毒素对人肝癌细胞裸鼠移植瘤生长的影响及其部分机制%Effect and partial mechanisms of melittin on human hepatocellular carcinoma cells xenograft in nude mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王朋景; 李俊; 黄艳; 吴宝明

    2011-01-01

    Objective To study the effects of melittin on the growth of human hepatocellular carcinoma HepG-2 cells xenograft in BALB/c nude mice and explore its possible mechanism of antitumor action in vivo. Methods The nude mice with HepG-2 cell xenografts were randomly divided into control group, melittin group(1 ,2,4 mg/ kg ), 5-FU group( 2 mg/kg ), administered for 10 days. The mice were killed 2 days after treatment. The xenograft tumor growth in mice was measured after injection of melittin. Tumor volume , tumor weight and spleen index were calculated. The levels of interlukin-l( IL-1 ) and tumor necrosis factor-a( TNF-α ) in serum of nude mice were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay( ELISA ). The apoptosis index of tumor tissue was measured by TUNEL method. Results While injected with l,2 and 4 mg/kg of melittin, the inhibitory rate of tumor growth were 41. 2% . 60. 9% and 71. 0% , respectively. The tumor volume of xenograft in nude mice was significantly smaller in melittin groups than that in control group( P <0. 01 ). Levels of IL-I and TNF-a. the apoptosis index in the melittin groups were significantly higher than those in the control group( P <0. 05 .P <0. 01 ) . Conclusion Melittin could inhibit the growth of tumor in vivo. which might be related to reinforcement of the immunity of mice and the apoptosis of tumor cells.%目的 探讨蜂毒素对人肝癌HepG-2细胞株裸鼠移植瘤的抑制作用.方法 建立人肝癌HepG-2细胞裸鼠皮下移植瘤模型,随机分为模型组、蜂毒素组(1、2、4 mg/kg)和氟尿嘧啶 (5-FU,2 mg/kg) 组,各组腹腔注射给药10 d,用药结束后隔天处死动物.观察蜂毒素腹腔注射对人肝癌细胞在裸鼠体内生长的的影响,计算各组裸鼠肿瘤的大小、瘤重及脾指数.ELISA法检测裸鼠血清白介素-1(IL-1)及肿瘤坏死因子-α(TNF-α).TUNEL法检测裸鼠移植瘤细胞凋亡情况.结果 蜂毒素(1、2、4 mg/kg)组的抑瘤率分别为41.2%、60.9%、71.0%,蜂

  10. Effect on growth and cell cycle kinetics of estradiol and tamoxifen on MCF-7 human breast cancer cells grown in vitro and in nude mice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brünner, N; Bronzert, D; Vindeløv, L L;

    1989-01-01

    determined by repeated flow cytometric DNA analyses in vitro and in vivo and by the technique of labeled mitosis in nude mouse-grown tumors. Under in vitro conditions, estradiol induced a pronounced increase in S-phase fraction and cell number. TAM inhibited growth of MCF-7 cells with a concomitant increase...... cytometric DNA analysis and percentage of labeled mitosis investigations revealed no significant differences in the proliferation kinetics of TAM-treated and control tumors. Calculating the cell loss factor demonstrated an increase from 69% in control tumors to 107% in TAM-treated tumors. These experiments...

  11. Human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells promote carcinoma growth and lymph node metastasis when co-injected with esophageal carcinoma cells in nude mice

    OpenAIRE

    Yang, Xiaoya; Li, Zhu; Ma, Yintu; Gao, Jun; Liu, Surui; Gao, Yuhua; Wang, Gengyin

    2014-01-01

    Background Human umbilical cord blood derived-mesenchymal stem cells (hUCMSCs) offer an attractive alternative to bone marrow-derived MSCs (BMMSCs) for cell-based therapy as it is a less invasive source of biological material. However, limited studies have been conducted with hUCMSCs as compared to BMMSCs. The present study was conducted to evaluate the effects of hUCMSCs in esophageal carcinoma (EC). Methods hUCMSCs together with EC cells were transplanted subcutaneously into BALB/c nude mic...

  12. Effects of Melittin on Angiogenesis of Human Hepatocellular Carcinoma BEL-7402 Cell Xenografts in Nude Mice%蜂毒素对人肝癌裸鼠移植瘤的抗血管生成作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋长城; 吕祥; 程彬彬; 李柏; 凌昌全

    2011-01-01

    Objective To study the effects of Melittin on the growth and angiogenesis of human hepatocellular carcinoma BEL-7402 cells xenograft in BALB/C nude mice. Methods The xenografts derived from BEL-7402 cells were established in BALB/C nude mice. The xenograft tumor growth in mice was measured after introtumoral injection of Melittin. SABC method of immunohistochemistry was used to measure microvessel density ( MVD ) and the expression of basic fibroblast growth factor ( Bfgf ),Hypoxia inducible factor-lct( HIF-lct ) and nuclear factor Kb ( NF-Kb ). Results When injected introtumorally with 40、60 and 80 μg/kg of Melittin, the relative tumor proliferation rate were 48. 78% 、38. 33% and 33. 82% respectively. The tumor volume of xenograft of nude mice was significantly smaller in Melittin groups than in normal saline ( NS ) control group ( P <0.01 ). MVD of Melittin-treated groups was significantly lower than that of NS control group ( P < 0.01 ). Immunohistochemical technique showed the expression of Bfgf,HIF-1α and NF-Kb of Melittin-treated groups was down-regulated significantly as compared with NS control group ( P <0.01 ). Conclusion Melittin could inhibit the growth of human hepatocellular carcinoma BEL-7402 cell xenografts in Nude Mice. The inhibition of angiogenesis by the down-regulation of b-FGF, HIF-1α and NF-Kb expression might play a key role in the anti-neoplastic effect of Melittin.%目的 探讨蜂毒素对人肝癌裸鼠移植瘤生长的影响及其抗血管生成作用.方法 建立人肝癌裸鼠皮下移植瘤模型,观察蜂毒素对肿瘤生长的影响.采用免疫组织化学法,检测肿瘤组织微血管密度 (microvessel density,MVD) 及碱性成纤维细胞生长因子 (basic fibroblast growth factor,bFGF)、缺氧诱导因子-1α (hypoxia inducible factor-1α,HIF-1α) 和核转录因子κB (nuclear factor κB,NF-κB) 的水平.结果 蜂毒素低、中、高剂量组相对肿瘤增殖率分别为 48.78%、38.33% 和33.82%.与生理

  13. Influences of androgen on the growth of human prostate cancer PC-3M model in nude mice and the changes of the androgen receptor levels and protein kinase C activity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nude mice bearing transplanted human prostate cancer cell line PC-3M were treated with male sex hormone. Results demonstrated that low dose of testosterone propionate (TP) (50 mg/kg wt.) stimulated the tumor growth, and the androgen receptor (AR) levels and protein kinase C (PKC) activity were elevated in the tumor tissue. On the contrary higher dose of TP (400 mg/kg wt.) inhibited the tumor growth, and the AR level and PKC activity in tumor tissue were reduced significantly. These results showed that TP has a biphasic effect on the growth of human prostate cancer PC-3M cell line. The mechanism of the biphasic effect and its relationship between AR and PKC levels are also discussed

  14. Dose-dependent effect of 17 beta-estradiol determined by growth curves and flow cytometric DNA analysis of a human breast carcinoma (T61) grown in nude mice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brünner, N; Spang-Thomsen, M; Vindeløv, L;

    1985-01-01

    An estrogen and progesterone receptor-positive human breast carcinoma (T61) grown in nude mice was exposed to 1.0, 0.1, 0.01, and 0.001 mg 17 beta-estradiol. These doses resulted in serum peak concentrations (day 1) of estradiol ranging from 3.5 X 10(-8) to 6.9 X 10(-10) M. The effect of the...... fraction of polyploid cells. The results suggest that estradiol induces a dose-dependent cell killing effect in the T61 human breast carcinoma. The correlation between the treatment-induced growth delay and the effect on the cell cycle distribution indicates that the changes in the cell cycle are a...... reflection of the estradiol-induced cell destruction. Since no tumor growth stimulation could be observed even at very low serum estradiol concentrations, the T61 human breast carcinoma may represent a new aspect in the study of human breast cancer....

  15. Dynamic Contrast-Enhanced Magnetic Resonance Imaging Rapidly Indicates Vessel Regression in Human Squamous Cell Carcinomas Grown in Nude Mice Caused by VEGF Receptor 2 Blockade with DC101

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabian Kiessling

    2004-05-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of our study was the investigation of early changes in tumor vascularization during antiangiogenic therapy with the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF receptor 2 antibody (DC101 using dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE MRI. Subcutaneous heterotransplants of human skin squamous cell carcinomas in nude mice were treated with DC101. Animals were examined before and repeatedly during 2 weeks of antiangiogenic treatment using Gd-DTPA-enhanced dynamic T1-weighted MRI. With a two-compartment model, dynamic data were parameterized in "amplitude" (increase of signal intensity relative to precontrast value and kep (exchange rate constant. Data obtained by MRI were validated by parallel examinations of histological sections immunostained for blood vessels (CD31. Already 2 days after the first DC101 application, a decrease of tumor vascularization was observed, which preceded a reduction of tumor volume. The difference between treated tumors and controls became prominent after 4 days, when amplitudes of treated tumors were decreased by 61% (P = .02. In line with change of microvessel density, the decrease in amplitudes was most pronounced in tumor centers. On day 7, the mean tumor volumes of treated (153 ± 843 mm3 and control animals (596 ± 384 mm3 were significantly different (P = .03. After 14 days, treated tumors showed further growth reduction (83 ± 93 mm3, whereas untreated tumors (1208±822 mm3 continued to increase (P=.02. Our data underline the efficacy of DC101 as antiangiogenic treatment in human squamous cell carcinoma xenografts in nude mice and indicate DCE MRI as a valuable tool for early detection of treatment effects before changes in tumor volume become apparent.

  16. Thymus-dependent sensitizing processes involved in the induction of CNS disease in mice by parainfluenza type 1 virus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Parainfluenza type 1 virus injected intracerebrally into adult mice induced a mononuclear cell infiltration in the subarchnoidal and perivascular spaces, exudation of inflammatory cells into parenchymal tissue and preferential chronic degeneration of white matter. No correlation was found between the severity of the central nervous system (CNS)2 lesions and the levels of circulating hemagglutination inhibition antibody. Inactivation of the virus by ultraviolet light (uv) did not affect the ability of the virus to produce the CNS lesions in these mice. As part of an inquiry into the mechanisms involved in the production of CNS lesions, the present study reports the response of athymic nude mice and sensitization through prior CNS exposure to virus antigen in immunocompetent mice. (U.S.)

  17. Comparisons of [{sup 18}F]-1-deoxy-1-fluoro-scyllo-inositol with [{sup 18}F]-FDG for PET imaging of inflammation, breast and brain cancer xenografts in athymic mice

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McLarty, Kristin; Moran, Matthew D. [Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, M5T 1R8 (Canada); PET Centre, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, ON, M5T 1R8 (Canada); Scollard, Deborah A.; Chan, Conrad [Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, M5S 3M2 (Canada); Sabha, Nesrin; Mukherjee, Joydeep; Guha, Abhijit [Arthur and Sonia Labatt Brain Tumour Research Centre, Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, ON, M5G 1X8 (Canada); McLaurin, JoAnne [Centre for Research in Neurodegenerative Diseases, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, M5S 3H2 (Canada); Nitz, Mark [Department of Chemistry, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, M5S 3H6 (Canada); Houle, Sylvain; Wilson, Alan A. [Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, M5T 1R8 (Canada); PET Centre, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, ON, M5T 1R8 (Canada); Reilly, Raymond M., E-mail: raymond.reilly@utoronto.ca [Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, M5S 3M2 (Canada); Toronto General Research Institute, University Health Network, Toronto, ON, M5G 2M9 (Canada); Department of Medical Imaging, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, M5S 3M2 (Canada); Vasdev, Neil, E-mail: neil.vasdev@utoronto.ca [Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, M5T 1R8 (Canada); PET Centre, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, ON, M5T 1R8 (Canada)

    2011-10-15

    Introduction: The aim of the study was to evaluate the uptake of [{sup 18}F]-1-deoxy-1-fluoro-scyllo-inositol ([{sup 18}F]-scyllo-inositol) in human breast cancer (BC) and glioma xenografts, as well as in inflammatory tissue, in immunocompromised mice. Studies of [{sup 18}F]-2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose ([{sup 18}F]-FDG) under the same conditions were also performed. Methods: Radiosynthesis of [{sup 18}F]-scyllo-inositol was automated using a commercial synthesis module. Tumour, inflammation and normal tissue uptakes were evaluated by biodistribution studies and positron emission tomography (PET) imaging using [{sup 18}F]-scyllo-inositol and [{sup 18}F]-FDG in mice bearing subcutaneous MDA-MB-231, MCF-7 and MDA-MB-361 human BC xenografts, intracranial U-87 MG glioma xenografts and turpentine-induced inflammation. Results: The radiosynthesis of [{sup 18}F]-scyllo-inositol was automated with good radiochemical yields (24.6%{+-}3.3%, uncorrected for decay, 65{+-}2 min, n=5) and high specific activities ({>=}195 GBq/{mu}mol at end of synthesis). Uptake of [{sup 18}F]-scyllo-inositol was greatest in MDA-MB-231 BC tumours and was comparable to that of [{sup 18}F]-FDG (4.6{+-}0.5 vs. 5.5{+-}2.1 %ID/g, respectively; P=.40), but was marginally lower in MDA-MB-361 and MCF-7 xenografts. Uptake of [{sup 18}F]-scyllo-inositol in inflammation was lower than [{sup 18}F]-FDG. While uptake of [{sup 18}F]-scyllo-inositol in intracranial U-87 MG xenografts was significantly lower than [{sup 18}F]-FDG, the tumour-to-brain ratio was significantly higher (10.6{+-}2.5 vs. 2.1{+-}0.6; P=.001). Conclusions: Consistent with biodistribution studies, uptake of [{sup 18}F]-scyllo-inositol was successfully visualized by PET imaging in human BC and glioma xenografts, with lower accumulation in inflammatory tissue than [{sup 18}F]-FDG. The tumour-to-brain ratio of [{sup 18}F]-scyllo-inositol was also significantly higher than that of [{sup 18}F]-FDG for visualizing intracranial glioma xenografts in

  18. Comparisons of [18F]-1-deoxy-1-fluoro-scyllo-inositol with [18F]-FDG for PET imaging of inflammation, breast and brain cancer xenografts in athymic mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Introduction: The aim of the study was to evaluate the uptake of [18F]-1-deoxy-1-fluoro-scyllo-inositol ([18F]-scyllo-inositol) in human breast cancer (BC) and glioma xenografts, as well as in inflammatory tissue, in immunocompromised mice. Studies of [18F]-2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose ([18F]-FDG) under the same conditions were also performed. Methods: Radiosynthesis of [18F]-scyllo-inositol was automated using a commercial synthesis module. Tumour, inflammation and normal tissue uptakes were evaluated by biodistribution studies and positron emission tomography (PET) imaging using [18F]-scyllo-inositol and [18F]-FDG in mice bearing subcutaneous MDA-MB-231, MCF-7 and MDA-MB-361 human BC xenografts, intracranial U-87 MG glioma xenografts and turpentine-induced inflammation. Results: The radiosynthesis of [18F]-scyllo-inositol was automated with good radiochemical yields (24.6%±3.3%, uncorrected for decay, 65±2 min, n=5) and high specific activities (≥195 GBq/μmol at end of synthesis). Uptake of [18F]-scyllo-inositol was greatest in MDA-MB-231 BC tumours and was comparable to that of [18F]-FDG (4.6±0.5 vs. 5.5±2.1 %ID/g, respectively; P=.40), but was marginally lower in MDA-MB-361 and MCF-7 xenografts. Uptake of [18F]-scyllo-inositol in inflammation was lower than [18F]-FDG. While uptake of [18F]-scyllo-inositol in intracranial U-87 MG xenografts was significantly lower than [18F]-FDG, the tumour-to-brain ratio was significantly higher (10.6±2.5 vs. 2.1±0.6; P=.001). Conclusions: Consistent with biodistribution studies, uptake of [18F]-scyllo-inositol was successfully visualized by PET imaging in human BC and glioma xenografts, with lower accumulation in inflammatory tissue than [18F]-FDG. The tumour-to-brain ratio of [18F]-scyllo-inositol was also significantly higher than that of [18F]-FDG for visualizing intracranial glioma xenografts in NOD SCID mice, giving a better contrast. -- Graphical Abstract: Display Omitted

  19. Inhibition and SAHA combined with DDP on cervical cancer xenografts in nude mice%SAHA联合顺铂对裸鼠宫颈癌抑瘤作用及其机制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田志华; 郝钢华; 侯晓静; 邢军

    2015-01-01

    目的:观察组蛋白去乙酰化酶抑制药SAHA联合顺铂(cis-diamminedichloroplatinum,DDP)抑瘤作用及机制。方法饲养40只Balb/c-nu/nu雌性裸鼠,细胞悬液皮下注射法构建人宫颈癌SiHa细胞株裸鼠移植瘤模型,当移植瘤8~10 mm大小时,36只荷瘤裸鼠被随机分为6组(对照组、25 mg/kg SAHA组、50 mg/kg SAHA组、5 mg/kg DDP组、25 mg/kg SAHA+DDP组、50 mg/kg SAHA+DDP组),给药第17天拉颈处死裸鼠。对移植瘤的湿重、瘤体积、肿瘤生长抑制率输入SPSS 19.0软件进行统计学分析。结果与各对照组比,联合组显示出最大程度的肿瘤体积的缩小及肿瘤生长抑制率增加(P<0.05)。结论 SAHA与DDP联合治疗宫颈癌,其作用机制可能与组蛋白去乙酰化酶1(histone deacetylase 1,HDAC1)蛋白水平下调有关。%[Absrract]ObjectiveTo study the effect of histone deacetylase inhibitor SAHA (N-Hydroxy-N-phenyloctanediamide) combined with cis-diamminedichloroplatinum (DDP) on cervical cancer cells (SiHa) in nude mice.MethodsCervical cancer cell suspension was subcutaneously injected into 40 nude mice to establish cervical cancer model. When the transplanted tumor was about 8 mm in length, 36 mice with tumor in similar size were selected and divided into six groups (control group, 25 mg/kg SAHA group, 50 mg/kg SAHA group, 5 mg/kg DDP group, 25 mg/kg SAHA+DDP group) , and 50 mg/kg SAHA+DDP group. Nude mice were killed on the 17th day. Wet weight of tumor, inhibitory rate and tumor volume were collected. SPSS 19.0 software was used for statistical analysis.ResultsCompared with the control group, the DDP plus SAHA group showed superiority in inhibiting tumor growth (P<0.05).ConclusionThe effects from SAHA and DDP might be associated with down-regulating expressions of HDAC1 protein.

  20. Dynamic Observation on In vivo Bioluminescence Imaging of Experimental Metastatic Animal Models in Nude Mice%实验性肿瘤细胞转移动物模型的活体成像观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫明霞; 朱淼鑫; 刘蕾; 李静; 林河春; 赵方瑜; 姚明

    2012-01-01

    Objective To observe the tumor metastasis in deep organisms of the nude mice by in vivo bioluminescence imaging system. Methods The SMMC-7721-GFP/Luc cells with different concentrations were intravenously inoculated into the tail vein and spleen of the BALB/c-nu/nu mice, the distribution and expression of luciferase in nude mice were monitored by in vivo bioluminescence imaging system. Results The experimental metastatic animal models had been successfully established. The distribution and expression of luciferase ascended with cell concentration increased and decreased with the passage of time. Conclusion The in vivo bioluminescence imaging system may monitor the in vivo growth and metastasis of tumors and provide for studying the mechanisms of tumor metastasis and development of anticancer drug.%目的 利用小动物活体成像系统观察肿瘤细胞在动物体内的转移情况.方法 分别将不同浓度的绿色荧光蛋白(GPF)和荧光素酶(luciferase,Luc)双标的SMMC-7721细胞接种入裸小鼠尾静脉和脾,建立实验性转移动物模型,采用活体成像技术监测不同浓度的细胞在小鼠体内的转移情况,动态观察同一细胞于不同时间点在小鼠体内的转移情况.结果 成功建立了尾静脉接种肺转移及脾内接种肝转移的实验性转移动物模型,经小动物活体成像系统检测发现,随着接种细胞浓度的增加,荧光素的表达面积和强度逐渐增加,二者呈正比关系;随着接种时间的延长,荧光素的表达面积和强度逐渐减弱,二者呈成反比关系.结论 活体荧光成像系统可较好地观测肿瘤在动物体内深部脏器的转移情况,它将为肿瘤转移机制、抗转移治疗等研究提供有益的帮助.

  1. Comparative study of intact A7 MoAb and F(ab')2 fragments for radioimmunoimaging of human colon cancer in nude mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Differences of pharmacokinetics and tumor imaging ability between intact monoclonal antibody A7 (A7 MoAb) and F(ab')2 fragments were studied in human colon cancer (LS-174T)-bearing nude mouse. First of all, we examined the yield and the immunoreactivity of F(ab')2 fragments after treatment with ficin as a function of time. The yield of F(ab')2 fragments reached about 50% after ficin treatment for 8 h, and the F(ab')2 retained about 80% of the immunoreactivity of the corresponding MoAb. Longer digestion with ficin produced smaller fragments (less than 92 kDa) with a lower yield and most of the immunoreactivity was lost. In pharmacokinetics studies, the F(ab')2 was preferentially taken up by the tumor, was cleared more rapidly from the blood circulation and seemed to have less non-specific tissue binding than intact A7 MoAb. In addition, the tumor image obtained at an early time using 131I-F(ab')2 was much superior in quality to that with intact 131I-A7 MoAb. The use of F(ab')2 fragments may be effective for tumor diagnosis and therapy. (author)

  2. Inhibition of rhabdomyosarcoma in nude mice by TNF related apoptosis inducing ligant combined with diamminedichloroplatinum%TRAIL蛋白联合顺铂抑制裸鼠横纹肌肉瘤生长的实验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苗金红; 徐玉生; 王家祥

    2009-01-01

    目的 探讨肿瘤坏死因子相关凋亡诱导配体(TRAIL)蛋白及联合顺铂对RD人横纹肌肉瘤裸鼠移植瘤生长的影响及其可能的作用机制.方法 将RD人横纹肌肉瘤细胞制成细胞悬液后接种于裸鼠皮下,成瘤后将裸鼠随机分4组:生理盐水组、TRAIL组、顺铂组及两药联合组.检测裸鼠的重量和体积;测定裸鼠肝功能、尿素氮及肌酐;另取肝肾组织进行切片,HE染色观察;用FCM方法检测肿瘤组织Fas表达;用RT-PCR检测DR4和DR5mRNA的表达.结果 各组裸鼠实验前后的体重变化无明显差异;DDP组和TRAIL+DDP组裸鼠的血清丙氨酸转氨酶高于生理盐水组,DDP组与TRAIL+DDP组裸鼠尿素氮和肌酐值比较,无明显差异;TRAIL组、DDP组和TRAIL+DDP组移植瘤的重量均明显降低;各组肝肾组织切片观察未见明显改变;TRAIL+DDP组Fas表达水平高于DDP组和TRAIL组;DDP组和TRAIL+DDP组裸鼠移植瘤细胞的DR5mRNA、DR4mRNA表达水平明显升高,而TRAIL组没有明显改变.结论 TRAIL和顺铂对裸鼠移植瘤的生长有抑制作用,联用有协同作用.%Objective To observe the effect of inhibition of rhabdomyosareoma in nude mice treated by TNF related apoptosis inducing ligant (TRAIL) combined with diamminedichloroplatinum (DDP), and try to explore the mechanism. Methods Human rhabdomyosareoma cells were inoculated in nude mice subcutaneouly. The nude mice were randomly divided into 4 groups: mice in the TRAIL groups accepted TRAIL injection with the dose of 10μg/Kg; mice in the DDP group accepted DDP in-jection with the dose of 3 mg/kg; mice in the TRAIL + DDP group accepted TRAIL and DDP injection with the abovementioned doses; mice in the control group accepted normal saline injection. The chan-ges of tumor weight and size and the tumor growth inhibition rate were recorded. The functions of liv-er and kidney were evaluated. HE staining was utilized to observe the morphologic changes of livers and kidneys. The expression

  3. Reversible control of oestradiol-stimulated growth of MCF-7 tumours by tamoxifen in the athymic mouse.

    OpenAIRE

    Iino, Y.; Wolf, D. M.; Langan-Fahey, S. M.; Johnson, D.A.; Ricchio, M.; Thompson, M E; Jordan, V C

    1991-01-01

    We investigated the ability of high concentrations of oestradiol to reverse the growth inhibitory action of tamoxifen on MCF-7 breast cancer cells in vivo. Tamoxifen inhibits the oestradiol stimulated growth of MCF-7 cells in athymic mice. Using a sustained release preparation of tamoxifen we consistently achieved serum concentrations of the drug in the 40 to 50 ng ml-1 range and much higher levels in tissues. These serum levels are sufficient to inhibit the oestrogen stimulated growth of MCF...

  4. STAT1基因转染对人肺腺癌裸鼠移植瘤生长的影响%Effect of STAT1 gene transfection on human lung carcinoma xenograft growth in nude mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马源; 陈俊杰; 陈成水; 王梦怡; 李晓丹; 陈超蕾; 陈乐夫; 余静; 周伶俐

    2013-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the effects of signal transduction and activators of transcription 1 in the progression of lung cancer in vivo.Methods:STAT1 gene or empty vectors were transfected into NCL-H 1299 cells with plasmids constructed as previous.Nude mice were transplanted subcutaneously with H 1299 cells,H1299 cells transfected with empty vectors,H1299 stably transfected with STAT1,respectively.The size of tumor was examined by caliper every two days.Five weeks after inoculation,the tumors were resected and weighed.Western blot was used to detect the level of STAT1 protein in tumor tissues.Results:Both volume and weight of the tumor in the STAT1 transfected group were less than those in the other groups (P<0.05).Western blot revealed that the protein level of STAT1 and phosphorylated-STAT1 in STAT1 transfected group were rises notably.Conclusion:The recombinant plasmid STAT1 can significantly suppress the tumor growth of human lung cancer cell NCL-H1299 subcutaneous xenografts in nude mice through up-regulate of STAT1 expression.%目的:探讨信号转导和转录活化因子1 (signal transduction and activators of transcription 1,STAT1)基因转染对肺癌移植瘤生长的影响.方法:构建稳定转染STAT1基因(转染组)及空载体(空载体组)的肺腺癌NCL-H1299细胞,使用未转染的细胞及上述两种转染细胞分别建立裸鼠皮下移植瘤模型,连续观察并测量肿瘤生长情况,Western blot法检测肿瘤组织内STAT1活化情况.结果:STAT1基因转染组裸鼠移植瘤接种33 d后瘤体积及瘤重小于未转染组及空载体组(均P<0.05).Western blot检测结果提示STAT1转染组的肿瘤组织STAT1表达及磷酸化水平均明显升高.结论:STAT1基因转染可提高移植瘤组织内STAT1活化水平,并对肿瘤生长起抑制作用.

  5. Effects of tumour mass and circulating antigen on the biodistribution of 111In-labelled F(ab')2 fragments of human prostatic acid phosphatase monoclonal antibody in nude mice bearing PC-82 human prostatic tumor xenografts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We have evaluated the effects of tumour mass and circulating antigen (prostatic acid phosphatase, PAP) on the biodistribution and the incorporation of 111In-labelled F(ab')2 monoclonal antibody (MoAb) fragments directed against human PAP into human prostatic tumours (PC-82; 0.1-8.9 g) growing in nude mice. The radioactivities in the blood, liver, spleen, kidney and tumour were compared at 1, 3, 4 and 6 days after the intravenous administration of the antibody fragments. There was a significant correlation between the tumour size and the serum PAP concentration in the model employed. Even tissue of a small tumour (111In-labelled F(ab')2 fragments. This relationship had levelled off by 72 h and most likely reflected a better vascularisation of the smaller tumours. Our results show that the increase in tumour size and in the concentration of circulating antigen in the blood led to decreased tumour-to-blood ratios, since there was a tendency for higher blood activities in mice with larger tumours and higher serum PAP concentrations. There was no correlation between tumour size and label uptake by the liver during the follow-up over 144 h, although serum PAP concentrations ranged from 3.1 μg/l to 352 μg/l. On the other hand, when compared with our previous data obtained with non-tumour-bearing mice, there was a significant increase in the uptake by the liver and spleen. These results indicate that even a small concentration of circulating antigen was able to trigger an abnormal change in the biodistribution of MoAbs. (orig.)

  6. Synthesis of 2'-deoxy-2'-[18F]-fluoro-5-iodo-1-β-D-arabinofuranosyluracil ([18F]-FIAU) and micro-PET imaging of suicide gene expression in tumor-bearing nude mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Herpes simplex virus type-1 thymidine kinase (HSV1-tk) is being used as a suicide gene for gene therapy of cancer. An in vivo method to assess the HSV1-tk enzyme activity after gene transfer is desirable to monitor gene expression as an indicator of gene delivery. Imaging of the HSV1-tk reporter gene along with various reporter probes is of current interest. We originally developed [18F]-FHPG and [18F]-FHBG for PET imaging of HSV1-tk gene expression and demonstrated that [18F]-FHBG is more useful than [18F]-FHPG for this purpose. [124I]-FIAU has been shown to be a potential PET imaging agent for HSV1-tk gene expression, and is superior to [18F]-FHPG and [18F]-FHBG. We also demonstrated that radiolabeled FMAU can be used as a marker for HSV-tk gene expression, and is superior to [18F]-FHPG and [18F]-FHBG. Earlier we reported a synthesis for 2'-deoxy-2'-[18F]fluoro-5-methyl-1-β-D-arabinofuranosyluracil ([18F]-FMAU) and some other 5-substituted nucleosides. We have synthesized now [18F]-FIAU, used the tracer for micro-PET imaging of suicide gene expression in tumor-bearing nude mice, and compared the results with earlier studies using [14C]-FMAU. (orig.)

  7. Impact of adjuvant inhibition of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor tyrosine kinases on tumor growth delay and local tumor control after fractionated irradiation in human squamous cell carcinomas in nude mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: Previous experiments have shown that adjuvant inhibition of the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor after fractionated irradiation prolonged tumor growth delay and may also improve local tumor control. To test the latter hypothesis, local tumor control experiments were performed. Methods and materials: Human FaDu and UT-SCC-14 squamous cell carcinomas were studied in nude mice. The vascular endothelial growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor PTK787/ZK222584 (50 mg/kg body weight b.i.d.) was administered for 75 days after irradiation with 30 fractions within 6 weeks. Tumor growth time and tumor control dose 50% (TCD50) were determined and compared to controls (carrier without PTK787/ZK222584). Results: Adjuvant administration of PTK787/ZK222584 significantly prolonged tumor growth time to reach 5 times the volume at start of drug treatment by an average of 11 days (95% confidence interval 0.06;22) in FaDu tumors and 29 days (0.6;58) in UT-SCC-14 tumors. In both tumor models, TCD50 values were not statistically significantly different between the groups treated with PTK787/ZK222584 compared to controls. Conclusions: Long-term inhibition of angiogenesis after radiotherapy significantly reduced the growth rate of local recurrences but did not improve local tumor control. This indicates that recurrences after irradiation depend on vascular endothelial growth factor-driven angiogenesis, but surviving tumor cells retain their clonogenic potential during adjuvant antiangiogenic treatment with PTK787/ZK222584

  8. Histopathologic validation of 3′-deoxy-3′-18F-fluorothymidine PET for detecting tumor repopulation during fractionated radiotherapy of human FaDu squamous cell carcinoma in nude mice18F-FLT PET repopulation -->

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Background and purpose: FaDu human squamous cell carcinoma (FaDu-hSCC) demonstrates accelerated tumor repopulation during fractionated irradiation with pathological validation (Ki-67 and BrdUrd makers) in a xenograft model system. However, these and other functional assays must be performed ex vivo and post hoc. We propose a novel, in vivo, real-time assay utilizing 18F-FLT PET. Material and methods: Nude mice with FaDu-hSCC were irradiated with 12 or 18 fractions of 1.8 Gy ([Dm] = 3.0 Gy), either daily or every second day. 18F-FLT micro-PET scans were performed at different time points, FLT parameters (SUVmax, SUVmean, and T/NT) were measured. Tumor sections were stained for Ki-67 and BrdUrd, a labeling index (LI) was calculated. Imaging-pathology correlation was determined by comparing FLT parameters and immunohistochemical results. Results: Measured SUVmax, SUVmean and T/NT decreased significantly after daily irradiation with 12 fractions in 12 days (P < 0.05) and 18 fractions in 18 days (P < 0.05). In contrast, these parameters increased in mice treated with 12 fractions in 24 days (P > 0.05) and 18 fractions in 36 days (P > 0.05), suggesting accelerated repopulation. Similarly, Ki-67 and BrdUrd LIs demonstrated significant decreases with daily irradiation (P < 0.05), and increases with every-second-day irradiation (P > 0.05). 18F-FLT parameters correlated strongly with proliferation markers (r2: 0.679–0.879, P < 0.001). Conclusions: 18F-FLT parameters were in good agreement with Ki-67 and BrdUrd Li. These results may support a potential role for 18F-FLT PET in real-time detection of tumor repopulation during fractionated radiotherapy

  9. The effect of circulating antigen on the biodistribution of the engineered human antibody hCTM01 in a nude mice model

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Clinical studies are currently underway to assess the biodistribution and therapeutic potential of the genetically engineered human antibody hCTM01 directed against polymorphic epithelial mucin (PEM) in patients with ovarian carcinoma. The present study was undertaken to assess the effect of circulating PEM antigen on the biodistribution of the anti-PEM antibody in mice bearing MUC-1 transfected adenocarcinoma cell lines. Tumour xenografts were established from three cell lines: 413-BCR, which expressed antigen on the cell surface and also shed antigen into the circulation, E3P23, which expressed the antigen but did not shed into the circulation, and a negative control (410.4 MUCI). Groups of five mice were injected with 1.0 mg/kg antibody, imaged after 72 h and then sacrificed, followed by assay of tissue uptake. The results showed a clear difference in the tumour and liver uptake, with the non-secreting cell line showing almost twice the tumour uptake and approximately 20% of the liver uptake of the secreting cell line. (orig.). With 4 figs., 1 tab

  10. Chronic Pseudomonas aeruginosa lung infection in normal and athymic rats

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johansen, H K; Espersen, F; Pedersen, S S;

    1993-01-01

    We have compared a chronic lung infection with Pseudomonas aeruginosa embedded in alginate beads in normal and athymic rats with an acute infection with free live P. aeruginosa bacteria. The following parameters were observed and described: mortality, macroscopic and microscopic pathologic changes...

  11. Rembrandt and the Female Nude

    OpenAIRE

    Sluijter, Eric Jan

    2006-01-01

    Rembrandt's extraordinary paintings of female nudes - Andromeda, Susanna, Diana and Her Nymphs, Danaë, Bathsheba - as well as his etchings of nude women, have fascinated many generations of art lovers and art historians, but they have also elicited vehement criticism. They were considered against-the-grain, anti-classical, even ugly and unpleasant. However, Rembrandt chose conventional subjects, keeping close to time-honored pictorial schemes, and was well aware of the high prestige accorded ...

  12. The thymus reconstituted nude rat

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hougen, H P; Klausen, B

    1987-01-01

    The monoclonal antibodies OX6, OX19, W3/13, OX7, OX8, and W3/25 were used to gain information about the distribution of different lymphocyte subpopulations in peripheral lymphoid organs of neonatally isogeneic and allogeneic thymus reconstituted nude rats. Splenic mitogen responsiveness, xenogeneic...... cell response is far better following isografting. We, therefore, conclude that isogeneic thymus grafting is an easy method of reconstituting the nude rat immunologically....

  13. Effect of whole-body irradiation of mice on the number of background plaque-forming cells

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anderson, R.E.; Lefkovits, I.; Soeederberg, A.

    1983-08-01

    Mice were exposed in whole-body fashion to several doses of radiation and killed at various times thereafter for a determination of the number of background plaque-forming cells (PFCs) as assayed on either sheep erythrocytes or bromelain-treated autologous mouse erythrocytes. Increased numbers of both types of PFC were found in the irradiated groups. These increases were dependent on radiation dose and time after exposure. They did not appear to be caused by a disruption of normal lymphocyte traffic or a switch in immunoglobulin isotype. An increased number of PFCs on bromelain-treated mouse RBCs but not on sheep RBCs were found in irradiated congenitally athymic nude mice. On the basis of this and related observations, background PFCs on bromelain-treated mouse RBCs and on sheep RBCs appear to fall under different forms of homeostatic control.

  14. Herbal compound 'Songyou Yin' reinforced the ability of interferon-alfa to inhibit the enhanced metastatic potential induced by palliative resection of hepatocellular carcinoma in nude mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Liver resection is a widely accepted treatment for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Our previous clinical study showed that the rate of palliative resection was 34.0% (1958-2008, 2754 of 8107). However, the influence of palliative resection on tumor metastasis remains controversial. The present study was conducted to evaluate the effect of palliative resection on residual HCC and to explore interventional approaches. Palliative resection was done in an orthotopic nude mice model of HCC (MHCC97H) with high metastatic potential. Tumor growth, invasion, metastasis, lifespan, and some molecular alterations were examined in vivo and in vitro. Mice that underwent palliative resection were treated with the Chinese herbal compound 'Songyou Yin,' interferon-alfa-1b (IFN-α), or their combination to assess their effects. In the palliative resection group, the number of lung metastatic nodules increased markedly as compared to the sham operation group (14.3 ± 4.7 versus 8.7 ± 3.6, P < 0.05); tumor matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP2) activity was elevated by 1.4-fold, with up-regulation of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and down-regulation of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 2 (TIMP2). The sera of mice undergoing palliative resection significantly enhanced cell invasiveness by 1.3-fold. After treatment, tumor volume was 1205.2 ± 581.3 mm3, 724.9 ± 337.6 mm3, 507.6 ± 367.0 mm3, and 245.3 ± 181.2 mm3 in the control, 'Songyou Yin,' IFN-α, and combination groups, respectively. The combined therapy noticeably decreased the MMP2/TIMP2 ratio and prolonged the lifespan by 42.2%. Moreover, a significant (P < 0.001) reduction of microvessel density was found: 43.6 ± 8.5, 34.5 ± 5.9, 23.5 ± 5.6, and 18.2 ± 8.0 in the control and treatment groups, respectively. Palliative resection-stimulated HCC metastasis may occur, in part, by up-regulation of VEGF and MMP2/TIMP2. 'Songyou Yin' reinforced the ability of IFN-α to inhibit the

  15. No evidence for a different magnitude of the time factor for continuously fractionated irradiation and protocols including gaps in two human squamous cell carcinoma in nude mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Background and purpose: To study whether the magnitude of the time factor is different for continuously fractionated irradiation and for fractionation protocols including gaps. Materials and methods: Two human head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs), FaDu and GL, were transplanted subcutaneously into the right hindleg of NMRI (nu/nu) mice and irradiated with 30 fractions under ambient conditions within 2, 6 and 10 weeks. Irradiations within 6 and 10 weeks were given either as a continuous course or with a mid-course gap of 3 weeks. The end-point of the experiments was local tumor control at day 120 (FaDu) or day 180 (GL) after the end of treatment. Results: In FaDu tumors, two experimental cohorts (A, B) yielded significantly different results and were analyzed separately. In cohort A, the tumor control dose 50% (TCD50) increased from 37 to 89 Gy when the treatment time of continuous fractionated irradiation was extended from 2 to 10 weeks. The recovered dose/day (Dr) was 0.98 Gy (95% confidence interval, 0.72; 1.27). In cohort B, the TCD50 increased from 35 to 63 Gy, and the Dr was 0.51 Gy (0.24; 0.75). In GL tumors, the TCD50 for continuously fractionated irradiation increased from 41 to 48 Gy. This increase was not significant, and the Dr was 0.15 Gy (0; 0.30). None of the TCD50 and Dr values obtained in both tumor models for continuous irradiation vs. irradiation with a gap were significantly different. Conclusions: Prolongation of the overall treatment time of fractionated irradiation resulted in a pronounced decrease of local control in human FaDu SCC and little decrease of local control in human GL SCC. No evidence was found that the magnitude of the time factor in these tumors is different for continuous fractionation or fractionation protocols including gaps

  16. 6-Deoxy-6-[131I]iodo-L-ascorbic acid for the in vivo study of ascorbate. Autoradiography, biodistribution in normal and hypolipidemic rats, and in tumor-bearing nude mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Normal female rat distribution studies showed high and specific uptake of 6-deoxy-6-[131I]iodo-L-ascorbic acid (6-131IAsA) into the adrenal glands, known to highly express the ascorbate sodium-dependent vitamin C transporter-2 (SVCT-2), and the adrenal gland was clearly visualized by whole-body autoradiography. Preinjection of sulfinpyrazone, a known blocker of ascorbate transport, with 6-131IAsA resulted in decreased uptake of radioactivity in rat adrenal glands compared to the control group, seemingly illustrating the participation of the SVCT transporter (probably the SVCT-2 subtype) in the uptake process in vivo. 4-Aminopyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidine-induced hypolipidemic rats showed a 1.7-fold increase in adrenal uptake of radioactivity at 30 min postinjection of 6-131IAsA, compared to the control, with increased adrenal-to-liver and adrenal-to-kidney ratios. To further characterize 6-131IAsA for its tumor uptake properties, biodistribution studies were also performed using male nude mice implanted with either Y-1 adrenocortical tumor cells or adrenal medulla-derived PC12 cells. None of these tumors exhibited relevant uptake of 6-131IAsA while normal adrenal glands showed high uptake of radioactivity, suggesting that these tumors in this model have only a poor transport capacity for this agent. The present study demonstrates that the use of radioiodinated 6-IAsA may help to obtain information about functional alterations in diseased adrenal glands, but it does not exhibit desirable properties as a tumor-seeking agent for ascorbic acid bioactivity. (author)

  17. Biodistribution of the novel anticancer drug sodium trans-[tetrachloridobis(1H-indazole)ruthenate(III)] KP-1339/IT139 in nude BALB/c mice and implications on its mode of action.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bytzek, Anna K; Koellensperger, Gunda; Keppler, Bernhard K; G Hartinger, Christian

    2016-07-01

    The ruthenium complex sodium trans-[tetrachloridobis(1H-indazole)ruthenate(III)] (KP-1339/IT139) has entered clinical trials as the more soluble alternative to the indazolium compound KP1019. In order to get insight into its distribution and accumulation throughout a living organism, KP-1339/IT139 was administered intravenously in non-tumor bearing nude BALB/c mice and the Ru content in blood cells and plasma, bone, brain, colon, kidneys, liver, lung, muscle, spleen, stomach and thymus was determined at several time points. The Ru concentration in blood cells and plasma was found to increase slightly within the first hours of analysis, with the Ru concentration being 3-times higher in plasma compared to blood cells. The plasma samples were subjected to analysis by capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) and size exclusion/anion exchange chromatography (SEC-IC) both coupled to inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and a large majority of the total Ru content was found attached to mouse serum albumin (MSA), confirming similar behavior to KP1019 in an in vivo setting. Within 1h, the peak ratio of approximately 1.2-1.5 Ru per albumin molecule was reached which declined to about 1 Ru per albumin molecule within 24h. Beside the MSA adduct a higher molecular weight species was observed probably stemming from MSA conjugates. In addition, the tissue samples were mineralized by microwave digestion and analyzed for their Ru content. The highest Ru levels were found in colon, lung, liver, kidney and notably in the thymus. The peak Ru concentrations in these tissues were reached 1-6h after administration and declined slowly over time. PMID:26993078

  18. Pharmacokinetics of internally labeled monoclonal antibodies as a gold standard: comparison of biodistribution of 75Se-, 111In-, and 125I-labeled monoclonal antibodies in osteogenic sarcoma xenografts in nude mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to know the true biodistribution of anti-tumor monoclonal antibodies, three monoclonal antibodies (OST6, OST7, and OST15) against human osteosarcoma and control antibody were internally labeled with 75Se by incubating [75Se]methionine and hybridoma cells. 75Se-labeled monoclonal antibodies were evaluated both in vitro and in vivo using the human osteogenic sarcoma cell line KT005, and the results were compared with those of 125I- and 111In-labeled antibodies. 75Se-, 125I- and 111In-labeled monoclonal antibodies had identical binding activities to KT005 cells, and the immunoreactivity was in the decreasing order of OST6, OST7, and OST15. On the contrary, in vivo tumor uptake (% injected dose/g) of 75Se- and 125I-labeled antibodies assessed using nude mice bearing human osteosarcoma KT005 was in the order of OST7, OST6, and OST15. In the case of 111In, the order was OST6, OST7, and OST15. High liver uptake was similarly seen with 75Se- and 111In-labeled antibodies, whereas 125I-labeled antibodies showed the lowest tumor and liver uptake. These data indicate that tumor targeting of antibody conjugates are not always predictable from cell binding studies due to the difference of blood clearance of labeled antibodies. Furthermore, biodistribution of both 111In- and 125I-labeled antibodies are not identical with internally labeled antibody. Admitting that internally labeled antibody is a ''gold standard'' of biodistribution of monoclonal antibody, high liver uptake of 111In-radiolabeled antibodies may be inherent to antibodies. Little, if any, increase in tumor-to-normal tissue ratios of antibody conjugates will be expected compared to those of 111In-labeled antibodies if stably coupled conjugates are administered i.v

  19. A comparative study of {sup 188}Re(V)-meso-DMSA and {sup 188}Re(V)-rac-DMSA: preparation and in vivo evaluation in nude mice xenografted with a neuroendocrine tumor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, Jun-Young [Department of Biomedical Laboratory Science, College of Health Science, Yonsei University, Wonju 220-710 (Korea, Republic of); Department of Nuclear Medicine, Yonsei University Health System, Seoul 120-752 (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Tae-Sup; Choi, Tae-Hyun; Cheon, Gi-Jeong; Choi, Chang-Woon [Laboratory of Nuclear Medicine, Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Science, Seoul 139-706 (Korea, Republic of); Awh, Ok-Doo [Department of Nuclear Medicine, Yonsei University Health System, Seoul 120-752 (Korea, Republic of)], E-mail: immunoch@yonsei.ac.kr

    2007-11-15

    Dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) exists in meso and racemic (rac) forms. Unlike a meso isomer, rac-2,3-DMSA is very soluble in water, strongly acidic solutions and organic solvents. Despite these differences, rac-2,3-DMSA has not been studied as a radiopharmaceutical. In this study, {sup 188}Re complexes with diastereomeric DMSA were prepared to compare the properties of {sup 188}Re(V)-rac-DMSA with those of {sup 188}Re(V)-meso-DMSA in in vitro and in vivo models. Methods: rac-2,3-DMSA was synthesized and radiolabeled with {sup 188}Re. The biodistribution and gamma camera imaging of {sup 188}Re(V)-meso-DMSA and {sup 188}Re(V)-rac-DMSA were performed in nude mice subcutaneously implanted with PC-12 cell lines. Results and conclusions: Both {sup 188}Re(V)-meso-DMSA and {sup 188}Re(V)-rac-DMSA showed excellent radiochemical purity and stability at room temperature. Compared with {sup 188}Re(V)-meso-DMSA, {sup 188}Re(V)-rac-DMSA needed a higher concentration of rac-DMSA and metabisulfite for maximum yields. {sup 188}Re(V)-meso-DMSA showed high labeling efficiency at pH 2, whereas {sup 188}Re(V)-rac-DMSA showed maximum yields at pH 5. The tumor uptake of {sup 188}Re(V)-rac-DMSA was 3.5 times higher than that of {sup 188}Re(V)-meso-DMSA at 1 h (P<.01). Gamma camera images showed that {sup 188}Re(V)-rac-DMSA was more selectively localized than {sup 188}Re(V)-meso-DMSA at the tumor region in a xenograft model. These results demonstrate that {sup 188}Re(V)-rac-DMSA may have better potential than {sup 188}Re(V)-meso-DMSA as a therapeutic agent against neuroendocrine tumors.

  20. A comparative study of 188Re(V)-meso-DMSA and 188Re(V)-rac-DMSA: preparation and in vivo evaluation in nude mice xenografted with a neuroendocrine tumor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) exists in meso and racemic (rac) forms. Unlike a meso isomer, rac-2,3-DMSA is very soluble in water, strongly acidic solutions and organic solvents. Despite these differences, rac-2,3-DMSA has not been studied as a radiopharmaceutical. In this study, 188Re complexes with diastereomeric DMSA were prepared to compare the properties of 188Re(V)-rac-DMSA with those of 188Re(V)-meso-DMSA in in vitro and in vivo models. Methods: rac-2,3-DMSA was synthesized and radiolabeled with 188Re. The biodistribution and gamma camera imaging of 188Re(V)-meso-DMSA and 188Re(V)-rac-DMSA were performed in nude mice subcutaneously implanted with PC-12 cell lines. Results and conclusions: Both 188Re(V)-meso-DMSA and 188Re(V)-rac-DMSA showed excellent radiochemical purity and stability at room temperature. Compared with 188Re(V)-meso-DMSA, 188Re(V)-rac-DMSA needed a higher concentration of rac-DMSA and metabisulfite for maximum yields. 188Re(V)-meso-DMSA showed high labeling efficiency at pH 2, whereas 188Re(V)-rac-DMSA showed maximum yields at pH 5. The tumor uptake of 188Re(V)-rac-DMSA was 3.5 times higher than that of 188Re(V)-meso-DMSA at 1 h (P188Re(V)-rac-DMSA was more selectively localized than 188Re(V)-meso-DMSA at the tumor region in a xenograft model. These results demonstrate that 188Re(V)-rac-DMSA may have better potential than 188Re(V)-meso-DMSA as a therapeutic agent against neuroendocrine tumors

  1. Influence of melittin on growth of human K562 cell xenografts in nude mice%蜂毒素对人K562细胞裸鼠皮下移植瘤生长的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦进; 王春光

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the growth inhibitory effect of melittin on xenografted human K562 cells in nude mice and its relation with the expression change of Bax and Bcl-2. Methods Human K562 cells were inoculated BALB/C nude mice, and then the tumor-bearing were classified randomly into 5 groups, including low concentration (30μg/kg), middle concentration (60μg/kg) and high concentration (120 μg/kg) melittin groups, negative crontrol group and hydroxy urine group. The growth of xenografted tumors was observed. Apoptosis morphological transformation of K562 cells induced by melittin was detected by HE staining and transmission electronic scan microscope. Apoptosisrelated protein levels of Bax and Bcl-2 were determined by Western Blot. The levels of Bax and Bcl-2 mRNA were determined by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Results Compared to negative control group, all the melittin treatment groups showed having statistical significance ( P < 0.05 ). The high concentration melittin group showed similar inhibition ratio as the hydroxy urine negative control group ( P > 0.05). Apoptosis and necrosis of tumor cells were found in all melittin groups under the light and electronic sean microscope, and the high concentration melittin group had the strongest effect. The tumor cells in hydroxy urine group were mainly necrosis. The results of Western Blot indicated that the expression of Bax protein was up-regulated by melittin, while Bcl-2 protein was down-regulated in K562 cell tumor tissue. The results of RT-PCR indicated the expression of Bax mRNA was upregulated by melittin, while Bcl-2 mRNA was down-regnlated in K562 cell tumor tissue. Conclusions Melittin suppresses significantly the growth of K562 cells in nude mice. Melittin increases the expression of Box and decreases the expression of Bcl-2 to induce the apoptosis of K562 cells. This is one of the possible mechanisms of antitumor.%目的 探讨蜂毒素对K562细胞裸鼠移植瘤的

  2. 不同细胞促进脂肪移植存活的实验研究%Effects of different human adipose-derived cells in promoting human adipose tissue engraftment in nude mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱茗; 鲁峰; 高建华; 廖云君

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨应用自人脂肪组织来源的不同细胞辅助脂肪移植,寻找促进移植物存活率的最佳种子细胞的有效方法,为干细胞进一步运用于临床提供实验依据.方法 从临床抽脂病人获取脂肪组织并提炼细胞,将0.3 ml待移植的脂肪颗粒分别与以下细胞进行混合处理:(1)低氧脂肪来源间充质干细胞(A组);(2)脂肪来源间充质干细胞(B组);(3)血管基质层细胞(SVFs)(C组);(4)加完全培养基的单纯脂肪颗粒为对照组(D组)脂肪颗粒与相应细胞混合后,注射移植于6只裸鼠背部皮下.术后3个月观察移植物情况,通过组织学、HE染色等方法进行分析.结果 A~D组湿重分别为(61.67±8.165)、(91.67±1.472)、(96.67±5.164)和(40.83±4.916)mg,A、B、C组脂肪存活率均高于D组(P<0.05),B、C两组之间比较差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)且都高于A组.A、B、C组血管密度均高于组D,且C组明显高于其他3组(P<0.05).A、B、C组存活脂肪细胞计数均高于D组,且B、C组最高(P<0.05),纤维组织计数均低于D组(P<0.05).结论 来源于人自体干细胞复合脂肪颗粒能够显著提高移植脂肪组织的成活率,其中血管基质层细胞及脂肪来源间充质干细胞移植脂肪的存活率最高.%Objective To explore the optimal seed cells derived from human adipose tissue for promoting the engraftment of transplanted adipose tissue in nude mice. Methods Human adipose tissue granules (0.3 ml) obtained from patients undergoing liposuction were mixed with hypoxic adipose-derived stem cells (ADCs, group A), ADCs (Group B), stromal vascular fraction (SVF) cells (group C), or pure adipose tissue granules in complete culture medium particles (group D). The mixtures were injected subcutaneously on the back of 6 nude mice, and the transplanted adipose tissues were harvested 3 months later to examine the engraftment using histological method and HE staining. Results The wet weights of the adipose

  3. Pathomorphology observation on nude mice immunized and challenged with third-stage infective hook worm (Ancylostoma caninum) larvae%犬钩虫第三期钩蚴免疫裸鼠再感染AcL3的组织病理学观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭俭; 吴嘉形; 杨元清; 薛剑; 强慧琴; 肖树华

    2009-01-01

    Objective To observe the inflammatory responses and morphology changes in the lung and skin of nude mice immunized and challenged with third stage hookworm larvae of Ancylostoma caninum (AcL3),and then,to investigate the feasibility of nude mice as vaccine screening animal model.Methods Nude mice BALB/c-nu/nu were immunized subcutaneously with three doses of 500 AcL3 at 2-week intervals,and then challenged percutaneously with 500 AcL3.Lungs and skins were excised from post-challenged nude mice after 6,24,72 h and 7 d,and then examined by light microscopy.Non-immunized nude mice served as negative controls.Results In both non-immunized mice and majority of immunized mice,the AcL3 exhibited no structural damage and infiltrating inflammatory cells were absent at the surrounding tissues.There were no changes in the architecture of skin and lung tissues.However.about 0.5%-2.2% AcL3 in the skin of immunized mice exhibited euticular swelling,damage and even death,and the surrounding tissue was infihrated by polymorphonuclear inflammatory cells.From 24 h to 72 h post-challenge,granulomata were observed surrounding the dead AcL3.ConchLsion Weak post-vaccination host immune response against challenged AcL3 was seen in nude mice,indicating that it was unsuitable to be used as vaccine screening animal model.%目的 观察裸鼠经犬钩虫第三期钩蚴(AcL3)免疫后,其皮肤和肺内AcL3的形态变化及宿主的组织细胞反应,评价其作为疫苗筛选动物模型的可能性. 方法取BALB/c-nu/nu 小鼠,每两周由皮下免疫接种活的AcL3 500条,共3次,并丁末次免疫后1周由皮肤攻击感染AcL3 500条.用未免疫的感染AcL3 裸鼠作对照,攻击感染后不同时间取感染部位皮肤和肺脏,观察宿卡皮肤和肺内AcL3的组织病理学变化. 结果攻击感染后6、24、72 h及7 d,皮肤内的绝人部分虫体切面形态和组织结构与感染对照裸鼠皮肤内的相似,仪0.5%~2.2%的虫体切而示有变性、死亡,偶见

  4. Adenovirus mediated angiostatin gene therapy for ovarian cancer: experiment with nude mice%重组腺病毒载体介导血管抑素基因治疗裸鼠卵巢癌的实验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾长茹; 杨树艳; 韩世愈; 孙蕾

    2008-01-01

    Objective To built an expression vector of angiostatin (AG) gene with recombinated replication defective adenovirus and investigate the therapeutic effect of human AG gene on ovarian cancer. Methods (1) Human AG K ( 1-3 ) cDNA was inserted into the vector pShuttle to build the recombinant plasmid pShttle-AG ( K1-3 ). pAdeno-X-AG (K1-3) was built by double-cut and recombinated pShttle-AG (K1-3) to vector pAdeno-X, and then recombinant adenovirus was finally prepared by transinfection of pAdeno-X-AG (K1-3) into to the human embryo kidney cells of the line 293. (2) Human ovarian cancer cells of the line SKOV3 were inoculated subcutaneously into nude mice of the line BALB/c nu/nu to establish model of human ovarian cancer. Then the mice were randomly divided into 3 groups to be injected with Ad = AG (K1-3), Ad-LacZ, or phosphate buffered saline (PBS) around the cancer every 5 days. The tumor size was measured every 5 days to calculate the tumor volume and tumor inhibition rate. Three days after the last injection the mice were killed. The tumor tissues, livers, and kidneys of the mice underwent imunohistochemistry to calculate the microvessel density (MVD) and expression of vessel endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and AG. Results The tumor volume and weight of the Ad-AG ( K1-3 ) group were significantly less than those of the PBS and Ad-LacZ groups ( all P 0. 05). The expression levels of CD34 and VEGF of the Ad-AG( K1-3 ) group were both significantly lower than those of the PBS and Ad-LacZ groups (all P 0. 05 ). Conclusion Human angiostatin mediated by adenovirus suppresses the angiogenesis and the growth of human ovarian cancer in the nude mice model, which suggests that it is promising in clinical application.%目的 构建携带血管抑素(AG)基因K(1-3)重组复制缺陷型腺病毒表达载体,研究腺病毒介导的人血管抑素基因对卵巢癌的治疗作用.方法 (1)将人血管抑素K(1-3)cDNA插入穿梭载体pShuttle产生重组质粒pShttle-AG(K1

  5. Impact of exogenous growth hormone on GH/IGF/IGFBP axis in colon cancer-bearing nude mice%生长激素荷人结肠癌裸鼠GH/IGF-I/IGFBP-3轴的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张毅; 梁道明; 李思齐; 袁勇; 赵辉; 陈嘉勇

    2013-01-01

    目的:探讨外源性生长激素(GH)对荷瘤裸鼠GH/胰岛素样生长因子(IGF)/胰岛素样生长因子结合蛋白3(IGFBP-3)轴的影响.方法:采用人结肠癌细胞株(HCT116)建立人结肠癌细胞裸鼠移植瘤模型.取48只荷瘤裸鼠随机均分为生理盐水处理组(NS组)、氟尿嘧啶处理组(FU组)、GH处理组(GH组),FU+GH处理组(FU+GH组).每组连续给药6d,在给药结束后24,72 h分别处死每组6只动物,取血及移植瘤标本,应用ELISA法检测血清GH,IGF-I,IGFBP-3含量和RT-PCR法检测移植瘤IGF-I,IGF-I受体(IGF-IR),IGFBP-3的mRNA表达.结果:ELISA结果显示,给药结束后24 h,GH组和FU+GH组血清GH,IGF-I,IGFBP-3含量较NS组与FU组明显升高(均P<0.05);给药结束后72 h,各组GH,IGF-I的水平无统计学差异(均P>0.05),但GH组和FU+GH组IGFBP-3水平仍高于NS组和FU组(均P<0.05).RT-PCR结果显示,给药结束后24 h,GH,FU,FU+GH组移植瘤组织IGF-I mRNA与IGF-IR mRNA的表达较NS组明显降低,而IGFBP-3 mRNA表达明显增加;给药结束后72 h,IGF-I mRNA与IGF-IR mRNA表达各组间无差别,但GH组,FU组和FU+GH组IGFBP-3 mRNA表达量仍明显高于NS组.结论:短期应用外源性GH所致GH/IGF/IGFBP-3轴的变化对人结肠癌移植瘤生长无促进作用.%Objective: To observe the impact of exogenous growth hormone (GH) on the axis of GH/insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I)/insulin-like growth factor binding protein (GFBP) in colon cancer-bearing nude mice. Methods: Nude mice xenograft models of human colon cancer were established by using human colon cancer HCT116 cells. Subsequently, 48 tumor-bearing mice were equally randomized into normal saline treatment group (NS group), fluorouracil treatment group (FU group), GH treatment group (GH group) and FU plus GH treatment group (FU+GH group), and all treatment regimens were continued for 6 days. Mice were sacrificed to collect the blood and tumor xenograft samples at 24 and 72 h after the termination of regimens with 6

  6. Establishment of whole-body visualization models of ovarian cancer orthotopic and metastatic model in nude mice.%整体可视化卵巢癌原位及转移动物模型的建立

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黎静; 王雪飞; 钟梅

    2012-01-01

    Objective To establish visualization model of orthotopic growth and metastasis of ovarian cancer. Methods The pEGFP - N1 plasmid was transfected into human ovarian carcinoma cell line HO -8910 for construction of enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) consistent expression pEGFP - N1/H0 -8910 cells. pEGFP - N1/HO -8910 cells were inoculated subcutaneously in nude mice, and the orthotopic tumor growth was evaluated in real time using fluorescence stereo microscope. Whole - body visualization model of ovarian carcinoma was established surgically, and evaluated by conventional pathological methods. Results EGFP was consistently expressed at high level in pEGFP - N1/ HO -8910 cells. Subcutaneous injection of pEGFP - N1/HO - 8910 cells resulted in tumor growth in nude mice, assessed with fluorescence stereo microscope producing visualized real - time tumor growth. Visualization animal model was established successfully with surgical orthotopic implantation (SOI) of the tumor. Two weeks after surgery, all the mice developed ovarian carcinoma without metastasis. Six weeks after surgery, peritoneal metastasis was observed in 2 mice, in which liver metastasis was also presented. The whole - body visualization animal model was validated by pathological detection. Conclusion Whole - body visualization model of orthotopic and metastatic tumor growths provides a reliable model for observing the pathogenic behavior of human ovarian carcinoma.%目的 建立整体可视化卵巢癌原位及转移动物模型,实时观察卵巢癌发展、转移的规律.方法 将pEGFP-N1表达质粒转染入人卵巢癌细胞株HO-8910中,建立稳定表达绿色荧光蛋白(EGFP) 的卵巢癌细胞株 pEGFP-N1/HO-8910,裸鼠皮下接种pEGFP-N1/HO-8910细胞,利用肿瘤细胞表达EGFP的特点,借助整体荧光成像系统,并利用IPP5.0软件采集、分析卵巢癌细胞发出的荧光信号,实时观察卵巢癌细胞在裸鼠皮下的生长情况,利用卵巢癌外科原位手术移

  7. Gluten-induced enteropathy in nude mice

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Farré, Maria; Funda, David; Tlaskalová, Helena

    1995-01-01

    Roč. 76, č. 1 (1995), s. S75. ISSN 0090-1229. [International congress of mucosal immunology /8./. San Diego, 17.07.1995-20.07.1995] R&D Projects: GA ČR GA310/93/1093; GA AV ČR IAA720401 Impact factor: 2.088, year: 1995

  8. Effects of simvastatin on human breast cancer osteolytic bone metastasis in a nude mice model%辛伐他汀在裸鼠模型中对乳腺癌骨转移的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈明霞; 张蔚; 曲建力; 李强; 王海

    2015-01-01

    目的 观察辛伐他汀在裸鼠模型中对乳腺癌骨转移的作用.方法采用完全随机分组方法 将60只裸鼠分为3组,每组20只,裸鼠左心腔注射乳腺癌骨转移细胞株(MDA-MB-231),7d后,分别皮下注射辛伐他汀、生理盐水及无任何处理(2次/周,19 d).应用图像分析软件评估骨转移瘤的面积.随后处死裸鼠,用放射免疫法检测骨转移癌髓腔内甲状旁腺素相关蛋白(PTHrP)浓度;应用骨密度检测软件进行组织形态学分析,计数骨转移灶每毫米癌组织与临近骨小梁之间破骨细胞的数量.计量资料比较采用方差分析,P<0.05为差异有统计学意义.结果 与生理盐水组和无处理组相比,注射辛伐他汀的裸鼠骨转移癌面积明显减小(0.51±0.18 mm2 vs 2.13±1.24 mm2 vs 2.29±1.22 mm2;F=15.600,P=0.002; F=15.673,P=0.001),骨转移癌周围髓腔内PTHrP浓度明显降低(0.98±0.20 pmol/L vs 2.11±0.31 pmol/L vs 1.99±0.29 pmol/L;F=61.469,P<0.001;F=58.274,P<0.001),并且其转移灶破骨细胞的数量明显减少(4.00±1.73个/mm vs 11.40 ±4.93个/mm vs 10.91±3.87个/mm;F=17.820,P=0.001,F=17.184,P=0.002).结论 辛伐他汀能够降低乳腺癌细胞PTHrP的分泌,从而抑制乳腺癌细胞在骨内生长及其对骨质的破坏.%Objective To observe the effect of simvastatin on bone metastasis of breast cancer in nude mice model.Methods Sixty mice were divided into three groups randomly with 20 in each group.Mice were inoculated with MDA-MB-231 cells into the left cardiac ventricle.After 7 days,mice were treated with either simvastatin,saline,or nothing twice per week for 19 days.The area of osteolytic metastases was subsequently measured in long bones of all mice using an image analysis system.After sacrifice,parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) concentrations in bone marrow from all mice were determined using a two-site immunoradiometric assay.Osteoclast number expressed per millimeter of tumor/bone interface was assessed

  9. 具有摄锝功能甲状腺乳头状癌移植瘤裸鼠模型的建立%Establishment of nude mice xenograft model of papillary thyroid carcinoma with the ability of 99mTc-intake

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张蓉; 俞立波; 李梅芳; 郭明高; 李连喜; 陆汉魁; 陆俊茜; 包玉倩; 贾伟平

    2014-01-01

    目的 建立具有摄锝功能甲状腺乳头状癌皮下移植瘤裸鼠模型,为研究甲状腺乳头状癌的发病机制及放射性碘治疗提供工具.方法 取人甲状腺乳头状癌细胞系IHH-4,以1×107细胞数制成200μl细胞悬液接种于9只裸鼠(5周龄雌性裸鼠,品系BALB/c-nu/nu)皮下,观察成瘤时间,并用PET-CT观察肿瘤大小及形态,用放射性核素发射式计算机断层(ECT)观察移植瘤的摄锝功能.结果 裸鼠皮下成瘤率为100.0% (9/9),细胞接种后1周裸鼠皮下可以形成肉眼可见的肿瘤,4周时PET-CT检测肿瘤大小约1.8cm×2.4cm,ECT显示腹腔注射放射性99m锝后15 min移植瘤可以显像.结论 应用人甲状腺乳头状癌细胞系IHH4成功建立甲状腺乳头状癌皮下移植瘤裸鼠模型,移植瘤具有良好的摄锝功能,为甲状腺乳头状癌发病机制及放射性碘治疗等的研究提供了良好的动物模型.%Objective To establish the nude mice xenograft model of papillary thyroid carcinoma with the ability to accumulate 99mTc,and to provide a tool for further study in both pathogenesis and radioactive iodine treatment of papillary thyroid carcinoma.Methods 1 × 107 cells in 200 μl suspension liquids of the human papillary thyroid carcinoma cell lines IHH-4 were inoculated into nine nude mice (five week-old female nude mice,BALB/c-nu/ nu).Tumor formation was recorded,and the size and morphology of tumor were observed by PET-CT.Emission computed tomography (ECT) was used to observe the function of 99mTc intake by xenografts.Results The percentage of the formation of xenografts in nude mice was 100.0% (9/9).One week after the cells were injected into nude mice,visible tumors were formed.PET-CT performed by the fourth week demonstrated that tumor size was about 1.8 cm × 2.4 cm.Xenograft' image was displayed by ECT after 15 minutes of intraperitoneal injection of 99mTc.Conclusion The nude mice xenograft model of papillary thyroid carcinoma was successfully

  10. Treatment of brain glioblastoma multiforme with pcDNA3.1-Egr. 1p-p16 combined with gamma knife radiation: An experimental study on nude mice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liu Wenke

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: High post-operative recurrence and poor prognosis are likely to be related to the infiltrative growth of the glioblastoma multiforme (GBM. Objectives: The primary objective of this study is to investigate the possible synergistic effect of the combined treatment of gamma knife radio-surgery (GKRS and gene therapy for GBM and secondary objective is to explore the role of GKRS for the temporal and spatial regulation of the gene expression. Materials and Methods: The study performed on 70 nude mice and randomly divided into seven groups. Subcutaneous injection of human GBM tumor cells (T98G was carried out to establish the animal models. Various doses of liposome-mediated pcDNA3.1-Egr. 1p-p16 recombinant plasmid were transfected through intra-tumor injection. GKRS was scheduled following the plasmid transfection. Tumor volumes were measured every 4 days after the treatment. Subcutaneous tumor nodule specimens were collected to analyze the cell apoptosis and p16 gene expression using terminal-deoxynucleoitidyl transferase mediated nick end labeling staining and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. Tumor volumes, levels of cell apoptosis and p16 gene expression were compared between groups. Results: Rates of tumor growth were significantly lower in the pcDNA3.1-Egr. 1p-p16 plasmid + GKRS groups than that in the remaining groups 28 days following the GKRS management. The p16mRNA expression was noted in both of the pcDNA3.1-Egr. 1p-p16 plasmid group and the pcDNA3.1-Egr. 1p-p16 plasmid + GKRS with marginal-dose of 20 Gy group. The level of messenger ribonucleic acid expression was higher in the pcDNA3.1-Egr. 1p-p16 plasmid + GKRS with the marginal-dose of 20 Gy group, with a markedly increased apoptotic and necrotic cells, than that in the pcDNA3.1-Egr. 1p-p16 plasmid group. Conclusions: In animal studies, pcDNA3.1-Egr. 1p-p16 in combination with GKRS is a preferable management option for the GBM to the sole use of GKRS or gene

  11. Tumor uptake of radioiodinated anti-human pulmonary surfactant-associated protein monoclonal antibody PE 10 in nude mice bearing human pulmonary adenocarcinoma in combination with an unlabeled preload

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study assessed the potential use of radioimmunoscintigraphy of pulmonary alveolar Type II cells tumor with the radiolabeled anti-human surfactant-associated protein (SP) monoclonal antibody (MAb) PE 10 in combination with preloads of unlabeled MAb. The in vitro binding of iodine-125 (125I)-labeled MAb PE 10 (1 μg), which had a specific radioactivity of 400 MBq/mg, on human pulmonary papillary adenocarcinoma NCI-H441 cells that produced SP was investigated. In NCI-H441 tumor-bearing nude mice, the tumor uptake of 125I-MAb PE 10 (5 μg) was examined in combination with preloads of unlabeled MAb PE 10 (0, 5, 10, and 50 μg). An isotype-matched unassociated murine MAb was used as a control both in vitro and in vivo. 125I-MAb PE 10 showed specific cell binding compared with 125I-control MAb. Tumor uptake of 125I-MAb PE 10 in vivo reached a peak of 4.97±0.33% injected dose per gram (%ID/g) at 48 h postinjection. Preloads of 5 and 10 μg unlabeled MAb PE 10 significantly enhanced tumor uptake at 48 h postinjection ( 5.94±0.29% ID/g and 5.72±0.29% ID/g, respectively), whereas preload of 50 μg unlabeled MAb PE 10 significantly decreased tumor uptake ( 2.75±0.32% ID/g) at 48 h. Preload of 5 μg unlabeled MAb PE 10 significantly increased the tumor-to-blood radioactivity ratio at 48 h ( 2.39±0.16). Preloads of unlabeled control MAb did not cause any significant change in tumor uptake. Immunohistochemistry showed the intracellular and pericellular patterns of SP expression in tumor cells. In conclusion, radioimmunoscintigraphy with MAb PE 10 labeled with a γ-emitting radioiodine such as 123I might be a useful means of targeting pulmonary alveolar Type II tumor cells in combination with preloading with an optimal dose of the unlabeled MAb

  12. Experimental study on effect of recombinant human growth hormone combined with chemotherapy on stomach neoplasms implanted in nude mice%重组人生长激素联合氟尿嘧啶对人胃癌裸小鼠皮下移植瘤作用的实验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fangfang Shi; Suyi Li

    2007-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the effect of different doses of recombined growth hormone (rhGH) on stomach neoplasms implanted in nude mice, and its efficacy in combining with chemotherapy (flurouracil, 5-FU). Methods: Human stomach neoplasms model was established in nude mice. The nude mice were divided into control group, moderate-dose of rhGH group, low-dose rhGH group, 5-FU group, moderate-dose rhGH/5-FU group, and low-dose rhGH/5-FU group. The results of each group were observed after ten days. Results: After therapy, the body mass of rhGH groups was significantly increased compared with control group (P<0.05), the body mass of rhGH/5-FU groups was significantly increased compared with 5-FU group (P<0.05), but it was no significant difference between rhGH/5-FU groups and control group (P>0.05). The average tumor mass and volume of rhGH groups were not significantly increased compared with control group (P>0.05), but they were significantly reduced in 5-FU group and rhGH/5-FU groups (P<0.05). They were no significant difference between rhGH/5-FU groups and 5-FU group (P>0.05). After treatment, the percentages of S, G0/G1 and G2/M phases and proliferation index(PI) were not significantly changed in rhGH groups compared with control group (P>0.05), and the same with rhGH/5-FU groups compared with 5-FU group (P>0.05). The difference caused by dose of rhGH was not significant. Conclusion: rhGH enhances body mass, does not stimulate tumor growth, and has no adverse effects on tumor bearing nude mice. Combined with flurouracil, rhGH does not influence the efficacy of chemotherapy, and has no effect on tumor cell cycle kinetics.

  13. Effect of ketogenic diet on growth of human colon cancer cells in nude mice%生酮饮食对人结肠癌裸鼠皮下移植瘤生长的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郝光伟; 王海玉; 何德明; 陈榆升; 吴国豪; 张波

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To observe the effect of ketogenic diet on the growth of human colon cancer cells in nude mice and to de-termine its possible mechanisms. Methods:A total of 24 male BALB/C nude mice were injected subcutaneously with the tumor cells of the colon cancer cell line HCT116. These animals were randomized into two feeding groups. One group was fed with a ketogenic diet (KD group;n=12), and the other group was given a standard diet (SD group;n=12) ad libitum. Experiments were completed upon at-taining a target tumor volume of 600 mm3 to 700 mm3. The two diets were compared based on body weight, serum glucose, ketone body, insulin, tumor growth, and survival time, which is the interval between tumor cell injection and attainment of target tumor vol-ume. Results:The tumor growth was significantly more delayed in the KD group than in the SD group. Tumors in the KD and SD groups reached the target tumor volume at 33.8 ± 6.7 days and 24.8 ± 3.1 days, respectively. The ketone body in the KD group was ele-vated with a slight reduction in serum insulin, and the difference in serum glucose in the two groups was insignificant. Importantly, the KD group had significantly larger necrotic areas and less vessel density than the SD group. Conclusion:The application of an unre-stricted ketogenic diet delayed tumor growth in a mouse xenograft model. Further studies are needed to address the mechanism of this diet intervention and its effect on other tumor-relevant functions, such as invasive growth and metastasis.%目的:观察生酮饮食对人结肠癌裸鼠皮下移植瘤生长的影响;探讨生酮饮食可能的作用机制。方法:24只雄性BALB/C裸鼠皮下注射人结肠癌HCT116细胞系后随机分成2组,分别给予正常饮食(standard diet,SD)及生酮饮食(ketogenic diet,KD),两组饮食均不限制总量。当肿瘤体积达到600~700 mm3时实验终止,并将接种当日至肿瘤达到目标体积的时间定义为肿瘤生长期

  14. A nude mouse model of endometriosis and its biological behaviors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Dan-bo; ZHANG Shu-lan; NIU Hui-yan; LU Jing-ming

    2005-01-01

    @@ Endometriosis (EM) as a common and intractable gynecological disease is characterized by unknown etiology and complex pathologic changes. Many factors of the disease are uncertain at the molecular level and it is difficult to study clinically. In this study, we attempted to establish a nude mice model of EM for dynamical observation of the genesis and development of the disease, morphological changes in tissue, and biological behaviors.

  15. Transgenic nude mouse with ubiquitous green fluorescent protein expression as a host for human tumors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Meng; Reynoso, Jose; Jiang, Ping; Li, Lingna; Moossa, Abdool R; Hoffman, Robert M

    2004-12-01

    We report here the development of the transgenic green fluorescent protein (GFP) nude mouse with ubiquitous GFP expression. The GFP nude mouse was obtained by crossing nontransgenic nude mice with the transgenic C57/B6 mouse in which the beta-actin promoter drives GFP expression in essentially all tissues. In crosses between nu/nu GFP male mice and nu/+ GFP female mice, the embryos fluoresced green. Approximately 50% of the offspring of these mice were GFP nude mice. Newborn mice and adult mice fluoresced very bright green and could be detected with a simple blue-light-emitting diode flashlight with a central peak of 470 nm and a bypass emission filter. In the adult mice, the organs all brightly expressed GFP, including the heart, lungs, spleen, pancreas, esophagus, stomach, and duodenum. The following systems were dissected out and shown to have brilliant GFP fluorescence: the entire digestive system from tongue to anus; the male and female reproductive systems; brain and spinal cord; and the circulatory system, including the heart and major arteries and veins. The skinned skeleton highly expressed GFP. Pancreatic islets showed GFP fluorescence. The spleen cells were also GFP positive. Red fluorescent protein (RFP)-expressing human cancer cell lines, including PC-3-RFP prostate cancer, HCT-116-RFP colon cancer, MDA-MB-435-RFP breast cancer, and HT1080-RFP fibrosarcoma were transplanted to the transgenic GFP nude mice. All of these human tumors grew extensively in the transgenic GFP nude mouse. Dual-color fluorescence imaging enabled visualization of human tumor-host interaction by whole-body imaging and at the cellular level in fresh and frozen tissues. The GFP mouse model should greatly expand our knowledge of human tumor-host interaction. PMID:15574773

  16. Immunotherapy of murine leukemia. Efficacy of passive serum therapy of Friend leukemia virus-induced disease in immunocompromised mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Previous studies have demonstrated that the passive therapy of Friend murine leukemia virus (F-MuLV)-induced disease with chimpanzee anti-F-MuLV serum is accompanied by the development of host antiviral humoral and cellular immunity, the latter measurable in adoptive transfer protocols and by the ability of serum-protected mice to resist virus rechallenge. The present study was designed to further examine the contribution of various compartments of the host immune system to serum therapy itself, as well as to the acquired antiviral immunity that develops in serum-protected mice, through the use of naturally immunocompromised animals [e.g., nude athymic mice and natural killer (NK)-deficient beige mutant mice] or mice treated with immunoabrogating agents such as sublethal irradiation, cyclophosphamide [Cytoxan (Cy)], cortisone, and 89Sr. The studies in nude mice indicate that while mature T-cells are not needed for effective serum therapy, they do appear to be necessary for the long-term resistance of serum-protected mice to virus rechallenge and for the generation of the cell population(s) responsible for adoptive transfer of antiviral immunity. Furthermore, this acquired resistance is not due to virus neutralization by serum antibodies since antibody-negative, Cy-treated, serum-protected mice still reject the secondary virus infection. Lastly, while the immunocompromise systems examined did effect various host antiviral immune responses, none of them, including the NK-deficient beige mutation, significantly diminished the efficacy of the passive serum therapy of F-MuLV-induced disease

  17. Experiment study on bioluminescent signal in orthotopic and heterotopic brain tumors in nude mice%裸鼠原位和异位脑肿瘤生物发光信号成像实验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    步星耀; 章翔; Walter E. Laug

    2006-01-01

    目的应用生物发光成像技术,非侵入性地连续检测活体裸鼠原位和异位脑肿瘤发展演进过程.方法用SMPU-R-MND-luc载体转染人脑肿瘤U87MG细胞系,形成具有高荧光素酶活性的细胞克隆.在裸鼠脑内和胁腰部皮下植入持续表达荧光素酶的肿瘤细胞,建立原位和异位脑肿瘤模型,用影像学资料显示肿瘤部位.用光子发射定量分析动态监测肿瘤生长情况.结果成功地建立了表达荧光素酶活性的原位和异位脑肿瘤动物模型.采集反映肿瘤生长的生物发光信号,肿瘤细胞植入后不同时间点的发光信号值呈显著正相关,而且原位和异位脑肿瘤间存在明显差异.但生物发光脑肿瘤生物发光信号值在第4 d和第14 d时无显著差异.结论体内生物发光成像可以非侵入性地动态检测活体内脑肿瘤演进过程,为研究肿瘤发展机制及最佳治疗策略的选择提供了新的手段和工具.%Objective To investigate the bioluminescent signal in orthotopic and heterotopic brain tumors in nude mice for noninvasive monitoring on progression of brain tumor in vivo.Methods The human brain tumor cell line U87MG cells were transduced by using the SMPU-R-MND-luc vector then a clone with high luciferase activity was cloned and used for in vivo experiments. Tumor cells were implanted into the brains and flanks of the animals, and whole body images revealing tumor location were obtained. Tumor burden was monitored over time by quantity of photon emission.Results Orthotopic brain tumor and heterotopic flank tumor models were established by implanting constitutively expressing luciferase tumor cells in the brains and flanks of the animals. The magnitude of bioluminescence from firefly luciferase measured in vivo correlated with the time after injection of luciferin, indicating that the time of post-injection signal quantification was of special importance. Furthermore, the time courses in the heterotopic and

  18. Experimental Study of the Relation of Inhibiting Vasculogenic Mimicry and Inducing Cell Apoptosis of Melittin on Osteosarcoma Xenotransplanted Models of Nude Mice%蜂毒素抑制骨肉瘤血管生成拟态与影响肿瘤细胞增殖、调亡的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高启龙; 姚亚民; 杨峰; 田同德; 陈永强

    2011-01-01

    目的:探讨蜂毒素抑制骨肉瘤裸鼠移植瘤的作用及机制.方法:建立裸鼠骨肉瘤原位移植瘤模型,裸鼠18只,随机分3组:生理盐水组,蜂毒素组,顺铂组.观察各组裸鼠骨肉瘤体积和瘤体质量抑制率;应用免疫组化CD34与PAS双重染色法检测各组裸鼠瘤体血管生成拟态密度;免疫组织化学法检测增值细胞核抗原(PCNA)蛋白表达;TUNEL法检测肿瘤细胞凋亡;运用相关性分析法研究蜂毒素抑制骨肉瘤血管生成拟态与影响肿瘤细胞增殖、凋亡的关系.结果:蜂毒素组瘤体积和瘤体质量抑制率分别为42.98%、39.03%,蜂毒素能明显抑制CD34与PAS双重染色法标记的肿瘤血管生成拟态密度,能明显抑制肿瘤细胞增殖、促进细胞凋亡,且蜂毒素抑制肿瘤血管生成拟态密度与肿瘤细胞增殖呈正相关、与细胞凋亡呈负相关.结论:蜂毒素具有抑制骨肉瘤裸鼠移植瘤生长的作用,其作用机制可能与其能够抑制肿瘤血管生成拟态、诱导肿瘤细胞凋亡、抑制细胞增殖有关.%Objective:To study the antitumor effects and mechanism of Melittin on osteosarcoma xenotransplanted models of nude mice. Methods ; Xenotransplanted models of nude mice osteosarcoma cell UMR - 106 in the laevo - hind tibia of nude mice were established. Inoculated mice were randomly divided into normal saline group, positive control group, Melittin group. All the nude mice were sacrificed after treatment, the size and weight of tumor were measured and the tumor volumes and the inhibition rates of tumor were calculated, Expression of PCNA was deteced by immunohistochemical method. The VM density in tumor tissues was detected by CD34 and PAS double staining in vivo. TUNEL semi - quantitative assay was used to study the melittin - induced apoptosis in OS cell line. To study mainly the relation of inhibiting vasculogenic mimicry and inducing cell apoptosis. Results : Inhibiting rate ofmelittin in tumor

  19. Comparison of tumorigenic effect between inoculating method of slicing subaxillary skin and suturing and method of adopting paracentesis trocar of human nasopharyngeal carcinoma on nude mice%裸鼠腋下皮肤切开缝合和穿刺套针注射接种人鼻咽癌细胞成瘤效果比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴媛; 周训钊; 钟昌桃; 颜魁; 韦正波; 谢莹

    2015-01-01

    目的:比较裸鼠腋下皮肤切开缝合和穿刺套针注射接种人鼻咽癌细胞成瘤效果。方法制备鼻咽癌HONE-1细胞裸鼠皮下移植瘤块样本。将8只BALB/c裸鼠随机分为A、B组,各4只。 A、B组分别使用皮肤切开缝合接种和穿刺套针接种方法于裸鼠右侧腋下接种细胞株移植瘤组织块,比较两组裸鼠肿瘤出现时间、体积、质量。结果 A、B组肿瘤出现时间均为接种后第3天。与B组相比,A组裸鼠较早出现精神萎靡、皮肤粗糙、毛发光泽不良、食欲不振、活动量减低、脊椎明显、弓背等状况。两组裸鼠体质量均有所下降,A组比B组肿瘤生长迅速,但差异无统计学意义。 A、B组肿瘤质量分别为(0.85±0.39)、(0.75±0.30) g,两组比较,P>0.05。结论裸鼠腋下皮肤切开缝合和穿刺套针注射接种人鼻咽癌细胞均能达到好的成瘤效果。%Objective To compare the tumorigenic effect between the inoculating method of slicing the subaxillary skin and suturing and the method of adopting the paracentesis trocar of human nasopharyngeal carcinoma on the nude mice. Methods The samples of subcutaneous transplanted tumors in nude mice were established with nasopharyngeal carcinoma HONE-1 cells.Eight BALB/c nude mice were randomly divided into two groups:group A and B, 4 mice in each group. The right subaxillary skin of each mouse was subcutaneously inoculated with the tissue masses through slicing the skin, or adopting the paracentesis trocar in the two groups, respectively.The occurrence time, volume and mass of tumor in each group were compared.Results The occurrence time of tumor in each group was 3 days after being inoculated.Compared with group B, the occurrence time of dispirited mind, coarse skin, shineless hair, loss of appetite, low activity, distinct spinal column, hunched backs and other conditions were earlier in the group A.The weight of mice was decreased in both

  20. 恶性横纹肌样瘤(MRT)的起源研究——高变异率HeLa细胞致裸鼠产生MRT的实验研究%Studies of the Origin of Malignant Rhabdoid Tumor(MRT)——Experimental Researches on the MRT Evolving in Nude Mice Inoculated with Violently Variable HeLa Cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张德礼; 夏耕田; 高步先; 何旭玉; 白晓鸿; 黄高升; 李六金; 刘尚高

    2000-01-01

    致癌性;HeLa细胞染色体遗传特征决定致瘤性质,细胞染色体数目变异大小和致癌/致瘤性强弱相关,致瘤性由弱到强的顺序依次为KB株,X株和NM20/X株,但H株有例外,尚待进一步实验确定。%Under the prerequisite that the incidence of cancer or tumor in negatively?controllednudemiceinoculatedsubcutaneously with feline or canine kidney cell cultures purified in vitro at passage 3 or higher (the modal chromosome number of FKC on passage 3 was 38 of diploid at the rate of 80%) was 0%(0/22) and 0%(0/10) respectively, and the incidence of progressively negative growing tumor in controlled nude mice inoculated subcutaneously with repeatedly-frozen-andthawed-HeLa cell cultures of X strain was 20%(1/5), the negative growing malignant tumor (MT) was found in half of the nude mice inoculated subcutaneously with HeLa cell cultures of H strain(with modal chromosome number of 78±2 of sub-tetraploid at the rate of 40%), the progressively-growing malignant tumor was found in all the other 40 nude mice inoculated subcutaneously with HeLa cell cultures of other strains, with the incidence of MT in nude mice with KB strain (with modal chromosome number of 60±3 of hyperdiploid at the rate of 72%~76%) 10/10, the incidence of poorly-differentiated MT originated from epithelia in nude mice with X strain (with modal chromosomal number of 62±3 of hyperdiploid at the rate of 69%) 25/25, and the incidence of MRT in nude mice with in vitro cultured tumor cell NM20/X strain (with modal chromosome number of 68±3 of both hyperdiploid and subtetraploid at the rate of 52%) 5/5. After being continuously cultivated for 20 passages in vitro, HeLa cell of X strain was subcutaneously inoculated into nude mice and cultivated for 1 passage in vivo within 15 days, and then the developed growing MT was collected as HeLa cell of NM20/X strain on passage 0 and continuously cultivated for 11 passages to prepare for

  1. 腺病毒介导CDglyTK双自杀基因系统对裸鼠皮下移植瘢痕疙瘩的治疗作用%Effects of recombinant adenovirus-mediated double suicide genes on implanted human keloid: experiment with athymic mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐斌; 刘振中; 张敬; 宗宪磊; 蔡景龙

    2008-01-01

    目的 探讨由大肠杆菌胞嘧啶脱氨酶(CD)基因/5-氟胞嘧啶(5-Fc)和单纯疱疹病毒胸苷激酶(HSV-TK)基因/丙氧鸟苷(GCV)基因治疗系统整合形成的腺病毒介导CDgly/TK双自杀基因系统对瘢痕疙瘩的治疗作用及其机制.方法 采用皮下移植保留表皮的入瘢痕疙瘩组织块的方法建立瘢痕疙瘩裸鼠模型,术后第7天将20只模型裸鼠分4组,每组5只.A组瘢痕内注射生理盐水;B组瘢痕内注射生理盐水+腹腔注射5-Fc和GCV;C组瘢痕内注射自行构建的莆组CDglyTK双自杀基因腺病毒(CDgly/TK);D组瘢痕内注射CDgly/TK+腹腔注射5-Fc和GCV;用药持续18 d.术后2、7(用药前)、14、21、28、35、42 d测量各组瘢痕疙瘩组织块体积;术后42 d取出瘢痕疙瘩组织块,HE染色进行组织学检查,末端脱氧核苷酸转移酶介导的dUTP缺口末端标记法检测成纤维细胞凋亡情况,免疫组织化学染色检测Bcl-2、Bax蛋白质的表达.结果 用药前和用药后7、14、21、28、35 d,D组瘢痕疙瘩组织块体积(mm3)分别为173±5、172±5、147±5、125±6、112±7和84±9,从用药后14 d开始明显缩小(均P<0.05);而其他3组瘢痕疙瘩组织块体积均明显增大,从用约后7 d开始各时点测得的体积均明显大于D组(均P<0.05).D组瘢痕疙瘩组织中有大量小鼠组织细胞浸润,胶原结构破坏和成纤维细胞凋亡明显重于其他3组,Bcl-2蛋门质表达明显弱于而Bax蛋白质表达明显强于其他3组.结论 腺病毒介导的CDglyTK双自杀基因系统在瘢痕疙瘩裸鼠模型中对瘢痕疙瘩产生治疗作用,诱导成纤维细胞凋亡足其主要作用机制.%Objective To detect the effects of the recombinant adenovirus-mediated double suicide genes constructed by Escherichia coli cytosine deaminase (CD)/5-fluorocytosine (5-Fc) and herpes simplex virus-thymidine kinase (HSV-TK)/ganiclovir (GCV)-CDglyTK on implanted human keloids and mechanisms thereof.Methods Twenty nude mice were

  2. 蜂毒素对胃癌SGC-7901细胞裸鼠移植瘤的抑制作用及其部分机制%Study of melittin on tumor inhibition and partial mechanism of human gastric cancer SGC-7901 cell xenografts in nude mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    楼蓉; 李俊; 吕雄文; 金涌; 赵斌; 吴宝明; 任丹阳; 王亚丽

    2011-01-01

    目的 研究蜂毒素对人胃癌SGC-7901细胞裸鼠移植瘤的抑制作用,并初步探讨其作用机制.方法 建立人胃癌SGC-7901细胞裸鼠移植瘤模型,采用抑瘤率指标评价蜂毒素对荷瘤小鼠的抑瘤作用,采用脏器指数、中性红法测定腹腔巨噬细胞吞噬功能,改良的四甲基偶氮唑盐(MTT)比色法检测自然杀伤(NK)细胞活性,ELISA法测定血清白介素2(IL-2)的含量,观察机体免疫变化情况.结果 蜂毒素(2、4 mg/kg)能抑制荷瘤小鼠的肿瘤生长,提高脾脏指数,增强腹腔巨噬细胞吞噬功能和NK细胞的活性,蜂毒素(4 mg/kg)能增加血清中IL-2的含量.结论 蜂毒素对荷瘤小鼠具有较强的抑瘤作用,可能与其提高机体免疫功能有关.%Objective To explore the effects and mechanism of melittin on tumor growth of human gastric cancer SGC-7901 cell xenografts in nude mice. Methods The xenografts derived from SGC-7901 cells were established in nude mice. The effect of melittin on tumor-bearing mice was evaluated by inhibition rate. Phagocytosis of peritoneal macrophage was measured by neutral red method. NK cell activity was detected by improved MTT assay. Concent of interleukin-2 ( IL-2 ) in serum was determined by ELISA method. The changes of immunity of tumor-bearing mice were observed by above-mentioned and organ index. Results Melittin ( 2, 4 mg/kg) could inhibit the tumor growth, while improve the index of spleen, enhance phagocytosis of peritoneal macrophage and NK cell activity, and melittin ( 4 mg/kg ) could increase IL-2 level in serum. Conclusion Melittin has significant inhibition on tumor-bearing mice, which is related to reinforcing the immunity of mice.

  3. Non-invasive imaging of GFP-luciferase labeled orthotopic prostate cancer model in nude mice using bioluminescence system%可发光可连续检测原位前列腺癌模型的建立

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋超; 廖文彪; 杨嗣星; 王玲珑

    2012-01-01

    Objective To develop preclinical orthotopic model in nude mice for sensitive prostate cancer cell tracking during tumor progression using bioluminescent technique.Methods The human prostate cancer cell line PC3 cells were transduced with green fluorescent protein (GFP) -luciferase fusion gene by a lentivirus vector which can express high activity of luciferase and GFP.Stably transduced GFP-LucPC3 monoclonal cells were got with Blasticidin selection.Labeled or normal tumor cells ( 5 × 106 ) were implanted into the flanks of 6 animals to build up an intradermal xenograft prostate cancer model,which provided prostate cancer graft to build the orthotopic prostate tumor model,and to confirm the tumorigenesis ablitiy of GFP-Luc-PC3.Tumor tissue from the either PC3 or GFP-Luc-PC3 line tumors was harvested and cut into pieces of about 2 mm3.These were grafted into the anterior prostates of 24 male animals which were randomly divided into two groups.The tumor growth was monitored by both WIS 200 and ex vivo tumor weight analysis 2,4,6 and 8 weeks after tumor tissue grafting.The bioluminescent signal values as well as tumor weight was measured,and their relationship was analyzed accordingly.Results A GFP-LucPC3 cell line was established which had the same growth pattern as well as tumorigenesis ability as normal PC3 cells.There was a positive linear correlation between bioluminescent signal and cell number with the coefficient factor r =0.997.In orthotopic prostate cancer model,all 12 mice in GFP-Luc-PC3 group developed prostate tumor,from which the bioluminescent signal could be recorded.In normal PC3 group,there was no significant bioluminescent signal.The bioluminescent values (photons/second) in vivo were (69.13298±2.07900) E+05,(82.66208±1.231 00) E+05,(91.94257±2.321 00) E+05 and ( 130.643 40 ± 3.247 00) E + 05 respectively 2,4,6 and 8 weeks after tumor tissue implantation.The tumor weight ex vivo was ( 9.67 ± 1.07 ),( 12.47 ± 2.12),( 16.45 ± 2.57 ),and ( 21

  4. FXR激动剂GW4064对裸鼠肝癌细胞移植瘤增殖及血管生成的影响%Effect of FXR Agonist GW4064 on the Proliferation and Angiogenesis of HCC Cells in Nude Mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    位全芳; 路菊; 陶忠芬; 黄文琪; 糜建红

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨研究法尼酯x受体(FXR)激动剂GW4064对裸鼠肝癌细胞移植瘤增殖及血管生成的影响.方法:选取人肝癌细胞系HepG2进行体外培养,将细胞悬液接种于BALB/c裸鼠皮下.裸鼠成瘤后,随机分为两组,分别腹腔注射DMSO和GW4064.一周后,处死动物取肿瘤组织,通过免疫组织化学法检测肿瘤组织中Ki-67和CD31的表达,同时计数肿瘤组织中的微血管密度(CD31-MVD); Western blot法检测其FXR和白介素-8(IL-8)的蛋白表达.结果:与对照组相比,FXR激动剂GW4064处理组的肿瘤组织中FXR的蛋白表达量明显增高,微血管密度CD31-MVD值显著降低,同时Ki-67、IL-8及CD31的表达水平均显著降低.结论:FXR激动剂GW4064能显著增加FXR的表达,抑制裸鼠肝癌细胞移植瘤的增殖及新生血管的形成.%Objective:To investigate the effect of FXR agonist GW4064 on the proliferation and angiogenesis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)cells in BALB/c nude mice.Methods:Human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line HepG2 were cultured in vitro,then implanted subcutaneously in nude mice.When the subcutaneous xenograft was formed,the nude mice were randomly divided into a control group and an experimental group,which were injected with DMSO and GW4064 respectively.After one week,the tumor was separated,the expression of Ki67 and CD31 were detected by immunohistochemical(IHC) method,the microvessel density (CD31-MVD) of tumors were calculated,and the expression of FXR and IL-8 were detected by Western blot assays.Results:Compared with control group,the expression of FXR increased significantly,the microvessel density CD31-MVD value decreased significantly,while the expression level ofKi-67,IL-8 and CD3 1were significantly inhibited in GW4064 group.Conclusion:FXR agonist GW4064 may stimulate the expression of FXR thereby inhibiting the cell proliferation and tumor angiogenesis of hepatocellular carcinoma cell xenografts in nude mice.

  5. 转染 p53基因对肺腺癌细胞株裸鼠 移植瘤生长的影响%Study on the Role of p53 Gene Transfer on Human Glandular Lung Cancer Cell Growth in Nude Mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李萍; 王北宁; 丁振若

    2001-01-01

    Objective: This study was designed to explore the significance and the role of wild-type p53 (wt-p53) gene and mutant p53 gene(mt-p53) transfer on human glandular lung cancer cell growth in nude mice. Methods: wt-p53 gene and mt-p53 gene were transfected and lipofectin-mediated into the human glandular lung cancer cell line GLC-82. And the growth of gene-transfected cell lines were observed in vitro and in vivo. Results: The colony number in the colong-forming experiment and the volume and weight in nude mice were greater in the mf-p53 tranfecting cells group than in the control group. The tumor resulting from the cells transfected with the wt-p53 gene grew more slowly and was smaller than that from control GLC-82 cells. In contrast, the tumor from the cells transfected with the mt-p53 gene grew faster than that produced by cells transfeted with the wt-p53 gene and that produced by control GLC-82 cells. Conclusion: The wild-type p53 gene could inhibit the glandular lung cancer cell growth in nude mice and the mutant p53 gene could enhance the glandular lung cancer cell growth in nude mice.%目的:探讨转染野生型 p53( wt-p53)和突变型 p53( mt-p53)基因对人肺腺癌细胞株 GLC-82裸鼠移植瘤生长的影响。方法:采用脂质体介导法,分别将 wt-p53和 mt-p53基因导入人肺腺癌细胞株 GLC-82,在裸鼠体内、体外实验中检测转导细胞的生长状况和裸鼠致瘤性。结果:转染 mt-p53 基因的细胞株 G418筛选的细胞集落数、 3H-TDR掺入实验、软琼脂平皿细胞集落数,以及裸鼠瘤组织重量和体积均高于对照组( P<0.01),而转染 wt p53基因的细胞株均显著低于对照组( P< 0.01),表明导入 wt p53基因的细胞株瘤细胞生长速度明显低于对照组细胞株和导入 mt p53基因的细胞株,即导入 mt p53基因的细胞株瘤细胞生长速度最快,而导入 wt p53基因的细胞株瘤细胞

  6. c-FLIP antisense oligonucleotide-loaded nanoparticles inhibit growth of human orbital rhabdomyosarcoma xenograft in nude mice%c-FLIP反义寡核苷酸纳米粒抑制人眼眶横纹肌肉瘤裸鼠移植瘤的生长

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁莉; 魏锐利

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate the effect of cellular Fas-associated death domain-like interleukin-1β-converting enzyme-inhibitory protein (c-FLIP) antisense oligonucleotide (ASODN)-loaded nanoparticles (NP) on the human orbital rhabdomyosarcoma xenograft in nude mice,so as to assess the feasibility of nanoparticles as a gene vector.Methods The model of human orbital rhabdomyosarcoma xenograft was established in nude mice,and the tumors were injected with c-FLIP ASODN NP,c-FLIP ASODN or normal saline (NS).The tumor volume and histopathological changes of tumor were observed.Western blotting analysis and immunohistochemical analysis were used to examine the expression of c-FLIP in tumor tissues of each group.Apoptosis of tumor cells was detected using TUNEL method.Results The growth of human orbital rhabdomyosarcoma in nude mice was significantly inhibited in ASODN NP group compared with the other two groups.Western blotting analysis showed that c-FLIP protein expression in ASODN NP and ASODN groups was significantly decreased compared with NS group (P<0.05).Immunohistochemical study showed that c-FLIP expression was found in the endochylema,and the c-FLIP positive cells in ASODN NP group was significantly less than those in the other two groups (P<0.05).Tumor cell apoptosis was observed in both ASODN NP and ASODN groups,with more found in the former,and only a few apoptotic cells were found in the NS group.Conclusion c-FLIP ASODN NP can effectively inhibit the growth of human orbital rhabdomyosarcoma xenograft in nude mice,indicating that nanoparticles may serve as a safe and effective vector for ASODN.%目的 探讨c-FLIP反义寡核苷酸(c-FLIP ASODN)纳米粒(NP)对裸鼠体内人眼眶横纹肌肉瘤移植瘤生长的影响,评估纳米粒作为基因载体的可行性.方法 皮下种植法建立裸鼠人眼眶横纹肌肉瘤动物模型,瘤体内分别注射c-FLIP反义寡核苷酸纳米粒(ASODN NP组)、未包裹的c-FLIP反义寡核苷酸(ASODN组)及生

  7. PI-103增强顺铂对CI3K细胞裸鼠移植瘤生长的抑制作用%PI-103 Enhances Cisplatin-Caused Growth Inhibition of C13K Cell Xenografts in Nude Mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘勇; 孔繁飞; 方勇; 李智敏; 孙淑华

    2013-01-01

    Objective To examine the effect of PI-103 in combination with cisplatin on the proliferation and apoptosis of C13K cells and growth of xenografts of nude mice. Methods The proliferation of C13K cells was assessed by MTT assay after exposure to PI 403, cisplatin or both. Apoptosis was evaluated by flow cytometry. Immunoblot analysis was performed to detect the ex -pression of phosphorylation of AKT and S6 kinase 1. C13K cells was subcutaneously transplanted into nude mice ( n = 16) , which were randomly divided into control group , PI-103 group, cisplatin group and combined treatment group. After treatment for 4 consecutive weeks, the tumor inhibition rate was evaluated. Results PI-103 in combination with cisplatin inhibited the proliferation of C13 K cells in a time-dependent manner. The inhibitory effect of combination therapy was superior to PI 403 or cisplatin treatment alone. PI403 increased cisplatin induced apoptosis in C13K cells. PI403 inhibited the expression of phosphorylation of AKT and S6 kinase 1 in C13K cells. PI-103 plus cisplatin significantly inhibited the growth of xenografts in nude mice and there was significant difference between combined treatment group and cisplatin group. Conclusion PI-103 may enhance growth inhibition of C13K cell xenografts by cisplatin in nude mice.%目的 通过评价PI-103联用顺铂对C13K细胞体外增殖、凋亡及裸鼠移植瘤生长的影响为卵巢癌的靶向治疗寻找新的药物.方法 C13K细胞经PI-103和/或顺铂处理后,以MTT法检测细胞的增殖情况,以流式细胞仪检测细胞凋亡,Western印迹检测p-AKT和p-S6K1的表达情况.建立C13K细胞皮下裸鼠移植瘤模型,随机分成对照组、PI-103组、顺铂组、合并组4组,连续用药4周.观察肿瘤生长情况,计算抑瘤率.结果 PI-103联合顺铂抑制C13K细胞增殖,且随时间延长抑制作用越显著,抑制效果优于单独用药.PI-103可增强顺铂在C13K细胞中引起的凋亡.经PI-103作用后的C13K

  8. Evaluation of meta-[211At]astatobenzylguanidine in an athymic mouse human neuroblastoma xenograft model

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A paired-label biodistribution was performed in athymic mice bearing SK-N-SH human neuroblastoma xenografts to compare the tissue uptake of meta-[211At]astatobenzylguanidine ([211At]MABG) and [131I]MIBG. Significantly higher (p 211At]MABG was seen in tumor (3.8 ± 0.8% ID/g vs. 3.1 ± 0.7% ID/g at 8 h) compared to [131I]MIBG. Desipramine reduced tumor uptake of [211At] MABG by 43%, suggesting that its accumulation was related to the specific uptake-1 mechanism. Higher uptake of [211At]MABG was also seen in normal tissue targets such as heart (6.0 ± 0.9% ID/g vs. 4.5 ± 0.8% ID/g at 8 h; p 211At]MABG by 1.5-fold while reducing uptake in heart and several other normal tissues. The vesicular uptake inhibitor tetrabenazine reduced heart uptake by 30% without reducing the tumor uptake. These results suggest such strategies might be useful for improving [211At]MABG tumor-to-normal tissue ratios

  9. 量子点-RGD探针光动力疗法联合吉西他滨治疗胰腺癌荷瘤裸鼠初探%Efficacy of Quantum Dots-RGD Based Photodynamic Therapy Combined with Gemcitabine for Treatment of Pancreatic Cancer Xenograft in Nude Mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高双; 倪倩雯; 周敏; 徐雷鸣

    2014-01-01

    Background:Pancreatic cancer is obscure in onset and progresses rapidly with very poor prognosis. Photodynamic therapy( PDT)has been developed as a novel anti-tumor treatment modality since 1980s. At present,there are only limited researches on pancreatic cancer treated with PDT in vivo. Aims:To investigate the efficacy of quantum dots-RGD ( QDs-RGD)based PDT combined with gemcitabine for treatment of pancreatic cancer xenograft in nude mice. Methods:QDs-RGD probe was synthesized and nude mice bearing pancreatic cancer xenograft was established. Nude mice were imaged at 1,5,10 and 24 hours after injection of QDs-RGD and QDs by in vivo imaging system. Forty model nude mice were randomly divided into five groups:control group( without any treatment),simple illumination group( laser 630 nm, 120 J/cm2,20 min),PDT group(QDs-RGD 0. 5 nmol+laser irradiation),gemcitabine group(gemcitabine 50 mg/kg)and combination group(QDs-RGD 0. 5 nmol+laser irradiation+gemcitabine 50 mg/kg). All the nude mice were sacrificed 18 days later. Tumor weight and volume were measured and tumor inhibition rate was calculated. Results:Fluorescence of tumor was shown 1 hour after injection and became clearest at the 5th hour,then showing a decrescendo trend. Density of QDs surrounding tumor was significantly less than that of QDs-RGD and faded away at the 10th hour. Tumor weight and volume in PDT group,gemcitabine group and combination group were all significantly lower than those in control group and simple illumination group(P0. 05),as well as between PDT group and gemcitabine group(P >0. 05). Tumor inhibition rate in combination group,gemcitabine group and PDT group was 70. 5%,43. 5% and 37. 1%, respectively. Conclusions:QDs-RGD based PDT combined with gemcitabine can inhibit the growth of pancreatic cancer xenograft in nude mice,which introduces a new idea to the treatment of pancreatic cancer.%背景:胰腺癌发病隐匿,进展迅速,预后极差。光动力疗法( PDT)是20

  10. Learning from nudity: lessons from the nude phenotype.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mecklenburg, Lars; Tychsen, Birte; Paus, Ralf

    2005-11-01

    In mice, rats, and humans, loss of function of Foxn1, a member of the winged helix/forkhead family of transcription factors, leads to macroscopic nudity and an inborn dysgenesis of the thymus. Nude (Foxn1(nu)/Foxn1(nu)) mice develop largely normal hair follicles and produce hair shafts. However, presumably because of a lack of certain hair keratins, the hair shafts that are generated twist and coil in the hair follicle infundibulum, which becomes dilated. Since hair shafts fail to penetrate the epidermis, macroscopic nudity results and generates the - grossly misleading - impression that nude mice are hairless. Here, we provide an overview of what is known on the role of Foxn1 in mammalian skin biology, its expression patterns in the hair follicle, its influence on hair follicle function, and onychocyte differentiation. We focus on the mechanisms and signaling pathways by which Foxn1 modulates keratinocyte differentiation in the hair follicle and nail apparatus and summarize the current knowledge on the molecular and functional consequences of a loss of function of the Foxn1 protein in skin. Foxn1 target genes, gene regulation of Foxn, and pharmacological manipulation of the nude phenotype (e.g. by cyclosporine A, KGF, and vitamin D3) are discussed, and important open questions as well as promising research strategies in Foxn1 biology are defined. Taken together, this review aims at delineating why enhanced research efforts in this comparatively neglected field of investigative dermatology promise important new insights into the controls of epithelial differentiation in mammalian skin. PMID:16232301

  11. Effect of immunosuppressive agents on the guanethidine-induced sympathectomy in athymic and euthymic rats

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hougen, H P; Thygesen, P; Christensen, H B;

    1992-01-01

    effect of immunosuppressive drugs concurrently with guanethidine treatment both athymic and euthymic rats were treated with guanethidine 40 mg/kg i.p. daily for 14 days, cyclophosphamide 100 mg/kg i.p. on days 1 and 8, methylprednisolone 10 mg/kg and cyclosporin A 10 mg/kg daily from days 1 to 7, and...... immunosuppressive drugs used were unable to prevent the guanethidine-induced reduction of sympathetic neurons, although the number, of neurons following guanethidine-methylprednisolone treatment was significantly higher compared with guanethidine alone in both athymic and euthymic rats. The identification of....... None of the immunosuppressive drugs used could prevent the guanethidine-induced rise in the CD8/NK population in neither athymic nor in euthymic rats. The rise in the CD5 population was suppressed following treatment with all immunosuppressive drugs in athymic rats, but only following...

  12. 蜂毒素(Mel)对裸鼠骨肉瘤的抑制作用与影响肿瘤血管生成、细胞增殖和凋亡的关系%The relation of inhibiting angiogenesis and inducing cell apoptosis of melittin ( Mel) on xenotransplanted models of nude mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高启龙; 李寒冰; 姚亚民; 陈永强; 杨峰

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨蜂毒素(melittin,Mel)抑制骨肉瘤裸鼠移植瘤的作用机制.方法 用SD大鼠成骨肉瘤UMR- 106细胞株建立骨肉瘤原位移植瘤裸鼠模型,将18只裸鼠随机等分为3组,生理盐水组、Mel组和顺铂组.观察各组裸鼠骨肉瘤的体积和体质量抑制率;应用免疫组织化学法检测各组裸鼠瘤体CD31、CD105、PCNA蛋白表达;应用TUNEL法检测肿瘤细胞凋亡;运用相关性分析法研究Mel抑制骨肉瘤血管生成与细胞增殖、凋亡的关系.结果 Mel组肿瘤体积和体质量抑制率分别为42.98%和39.03%,Mel能明显抑制CD31、CD105标记的血管生成密度,能明显抑制肿瘤细胞增殖,促进细胞凋亡,且Mel抑制肿瘤血管生成与细胞增殖呈正相关及与细胞凋亡呈负相关.结论 Mel具有抑制骨肉瘤裸鼠移植瘤生长的作用,其作用机制可能与其能够抑制肿瘤血管生成、诱导肿瘤细胞凋亡及抑制细胞增殖有关.%Objective To study the antitumor effects and mechanism of melittin (Mel) on xenotransplanted models of nude mice. Methods Xenotransplanted models of SD rat osteosarcoma (OS) cell UMR-106 in the laevo-hind tibia of nude mice were established. Eighteen inoculated mice were randomly divided into normal saline group, positive control group and Mel group. All the nude mice were sacrificed after treatment. The size and weight of tumor were measured and the tumor volumes, and the inhibition rates of tumor were calculated. The expressions of CD31.CD1D5 and PCNA were deteced by immunohistochemical method. TUNEL semi-quantitative assay was used to study the melittin-induced apoptosis in OS cell line. The relation of inhibiting angiogenesis and inducing cell apoptosis was analyzed by correlation test . Results The mice treated with Mel showed significantly smaller in tumor volume and weight than those of NS group after treatment. Microvessel densities and the protein expressions of CD31 ,CD1()5 and PCNA in Mel group were

  13. The nude mouse as an in vivo model for human breast cancer invasion and metastasis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brünner, N; Boysen, B; Rømer, J; Spang-Thomsen, M

    1993-01-01

    Human breast cancer xenografts only rarely invade and metastasize in nude mice, and have therefore only had limited use as a model for studying mechanisms involved in breast cancer spreading. However, recent reports describe differences not only between various cell lines but also between strains...

  14. 组蛋白去乙酰化酶抑制剂联合化疗对乳腺癌细胞增殖影响的动物实验研究%The Effect of Histone Deacetylase Inhibitor Combined with Chemotherapy on Breast Cancer Cells in Nude Mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    聂建云; 陈杨萍; 黄云超

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To study the effect of histone deacetylase inhibitor SAHA (N-Hydroxy-N- phenyloctanediamide)combined with chemotherapy on breast cancer cells in nude mice.Methods: Breast cancer cell suspension was subcutaneously injected into 80 nude mice to establish breast cancer model When the transplanted tumor was about 10mm in length, 60 mice with tumor in similar size were selected and divided into six groups, with 10 in each group.The six groups were the control group, SAHA group,taxol group, adriamycin group, taxol plus SAHA group, and adriamycin plus SAHA group.Data including blood cell count, serum level of cholesterol, liver function ( serum glutamic-pyruvic transaminase and bilirubin ), kidney function ( serum urea nitrogen and creatinine ), body weight, wet weight of tumor, inhibitory rate and tumor volume were collected.SPSS 12.0 software was used for statistical analysis.Results: Compared with the control group, the treatment groups had higher inhibitory rate and lower tumor volume ( P< 0.05).The taxol plus SAHA group showed superiority in inhibiting tumor growth ( P< 0.05).Compared with the control group,the groups treated with taxol or adriamycin had lower body weigh, lower level of white blood cell count, lower level of serum glutamic-pyruvic transaminase and higher level of bilirubin ( P < 0.05 ).No differences were foumd in the above indices between chemotherapy groups and SAHA plus chemotherapy groups ( P > 0.05 ).Conclusion: SAHA combined with chemotherapy (taxol or adriamycin ) has synergistic inhibitory ettect on the growth of breast cancer in nude mice without increasing side effects, suggesting its possible application in breast cancer treatment in the future.%目的:通过动物模型研究组蛋白去乙酰化酶抑制剂联合化疗对乳腺癌细胞株增殖周期的影响.方法:饲养Balb/c-nu/nu雌性裸鼠,细胞悬液皮下注射法构建人乳腺癌细胞株MCF-7裸鼠移植瘤模型,随机分为6组(对照组、组蛋白去

  15. Effects of anti-gene and antisense therapeutics on human prostate cancer xenograft in nude mice%反基因及反义寡核苷酸对人前列腺癌裸鼠移植瘤生长的抑制作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张勇; 马毅; 卢汉平; 周祥福; 谢瑶; 高锦辉; 梁昌盛

    2008-01-01

    Objective To investigate the effects of triple-helix forming oligonucleotide (TFO) and antisense oligonucleotide (ASO) on androgen receptor (AR) expression and tumor growth of human prostate cancer xenografts in nude mice.Methods Thirty-two nude mice were inoculated with human prostate cancer cells of the line LNCaP-C4-2 were randomized into 4 equal groups:TFO treatment group,undergoing intra-tumor injection of TFO at the dose of 25 mg · kg-1 · (2d)-1 for 14 times,ASO treatment group, undergoing intra-tumor injection of ASO at the same dose for 14 times,SCO group,undergoing intra-rumor injection of sequence control oligonucleotide (SCO) at the same dose for 14 times,and control group.The body weight and xenograft tumor volume of the nude mice were monitored during the therapy.28 days later venous blood samples were collected to measure the level of prostate specific antigen (PSA) by radioimmunoassay and then the mice were killed with their tumors taken out to measure the weight,and RTPCR,immunohistochemistry,and radioligand binding assay were used to detect the AR gene mRNA and protein expression in the tumor tissues.Results By the end of experiment the volumes and weights of tumor of the ASO and ASO groups were all significantly lower than those of the control group ( all P 0.05 ) .Conclusion TFO shows significantly higher inhibitory effect on AR expression and tumor growth of human prostate cancer xenograft than ASO,and is a promising agent for prostate cancer gene therapy.%目的 探讨三螺旋形成寡核苷酸(TFO)和反义寡核苷酸(ASO)对人前列腺癌裸鼠移植瘤雄激素受体(AR)表达和肿瘤细胞生长的抑制作用.方法 32只荷LNCaP-CA-2前列腺癌移植瘤裸鼠随机分成4组:TFO治疗组、ASO治疗组、序列对照寡核苷酸(SCO)非特异性对照组和阴性对照组.采用瘤内注射给药,寡核苷酸用量25 mg/kg,隔天给药1次,共14次.观察裸鼠体重和肿瘤体积变化.测量移植瘤重量计算抑瘤率,放射

  16. siRNA沉默LKB1基因激活Hedgehog信号通路及对人乳腺癌裸鼠移植瘤模型生长的实验研究%Silencing LKB1 by siRNA activated Hedgehog signaling pathway and the growth of xenografted breast carcinoma in nude mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    庄志刚; 成小林; 蒋蓓琦; 傅韵; 李正东; 罗建民; 金伟

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨应用小分子干扰RNA(small interfering RNA,siRNA)沉默抑癌基因LKB1对人乳腺癌细胞MDA-MB-231中Hedgehog信号通路相关因子的表达及人乳腺癌裸鼠移植瘤模型的肿瘤生长的影响.方法 构建LKB1基因siRNA质粒LKB1-siRNA;建立LKB1表达抑制的MDA-MB-435细胞模型;裸鼠乳晕皮下接种,建立人乳腺癌裸鼠移植瘤动物模型;成瘤后,观察肿瘤体积变化、裸鼠生存时间;并用Western印迹法检测瘤组织中LKB1和Hedgehog信号通路中信号肽Shh、Sufu、膜受体Ptch、Smo、转录因子Gli1、Hip 蛋白表达的变化.结果 LKB1-siRNA质粒组裸鼠的肿瘤体积明显增长(P<0.05);肿瘤内LKB1基因表达水平明显下降,而Hedgehog信号通路相关因子Shh、Gli1、Ptch、Smo的表达升高,Hedgehog信号通路抑制因子Sufu、Hip表达下降.结论 LKB1基因siRNA能够明显抑制人乳腺癌裸鼠移植模型的LKB1基因的表达,上调Hedgehog信号通路相关因子的表达,促进肿瘤生长.LKB1基因和Hedgehog信号通路在乳腺癌细胞中呈现负相关表达.%Objective To investigate the effect of silencing LKB1 by small interfering RNA(siR-NA) on the expression of the correlation factor of Hedgehog signaling pathways in human breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cells and the growth of xenografted breast carcinoma in nude mice. Methods Plasmids of siRNA for LKB1 gene were constructed. RNA interference technique was used to silence LKB1 gene in breast carcinoma cells,xenografted tumor model was established in nude mice by subcutaneous inoculation of MDA-MB-231 cells. The tumor volume and survival time of nude mice were recorded. The expression of LKB1, Shh, Sufu.Gli 1 ,Ptch,Smo and Hip was measured by Western blotting. Results The tumor size was significantly increased in LKBl-siRNA treated group(P <0. 01). Western blotting analysis showed that the expression of LKB1 in xenografted tumor was markedly decreased and the correlation factor of Hedgehog signaling pathways was

  17. Research on the mechanism of period2 on the growth inhibition of human ovarian cancer ;xenografts in nude mice%生物钟基因Period2对卵巢癌裸鼠移植瘤生长抑制作用的机制研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王朝霞; 李莉; 李风艳; 张三元

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the mechanism of biological clock gene Period2 on the growth inhibition of human ovarian cancer xenografts in nude mice. Methods:Construction of ovarian cancer xenograft in nude mice with ovarian cancer SKVO3 cell. By using gene trans-fection technique,the recombinant gene Period2 was introduced into the tumor tissue. The ex-pression of Period2 was detected by Real-time PCR and Western blot methods. The animals were sacrificed in two weeks after treatment and measured the weight of the tumor. The volume and weight of the tumor were measured during intervention. Real-time PCR and Western blot methods were used to detect the expressions changes of B cell lymphoma-2 gene ( Bcl-2 ) and Bcl-2 related X protein ( Bax ) gene in tumor tissues. Results:Period2 gene was successfully transfected and expressed in the tumor tissues of nude mice. Compared with the other two groups,the tumor growth rate of Period2 overexpression group was slowed, tumor volume and weight was reduced,tumor inhibition rate was increased,the expression of apoptosis gene Bax was increased,and the expression of apoptosis inhibition gene Bcl-2 was decreased. The differ-ence was statistically significant compared with the other two groups(P<0. 05). Conclusions:Period2 may promote tumor cell apoptosis by inhibiting the expression of apoptosis inhibition gene Bcl-2 and promoting the expression of apoptosis related gene Bax. So it can inhibit the growth and metastasis of ovarian cancer,and play a role in tumor suppression.%目的:探讨生物钟基因Period2对卵巢癌裸鼠移植瘤生长抑制的作用机制。方法:采用卵巢癌SKVO3细胞株构建裸鼠卵巢癌移植瘤,利用基因转染技术外源性导入重组基因质粒Period2。采用Real-time PCR法和Western bolt法检测移植瘤中Period2表达,治疗期间测量移植瘤体积。治疗后2周处死裸鼠,称取瘤重,采用Real-time PCR和Western blot法检测肿瘤组织中Bcl-2和Bax基因的表达

  18. 雷帕霉素抑制子宫内膜癌裸鼠移植瘤生长活体成像的观察%Bioluminescence imaging evaluation of the inhibitory effect of rapamycin in nude mice bearing endometrial cancer cell lines

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李田; 杨越波; 孟丽荣; 李小毛; 许成芳; 李征然

    2011-01-01

    目的:观察雷帕霉素(RAPA)对不同PTEN表达子宫内膜癌裸鼠移植瘤的抑制作用.方法:通过慢病毒转染构建稳定表达绿色荧光蛋白(GFP)的HEC-1A(PTEN阳性)和Ishikawa( PTEN阴性)细胞抹,建立裸鼠移植瘤模型.活体成像系统观察肿瘤的生长情况.观察RAPA治疗后肿瘤的体积及重量的变化.HE染色观察肿瘤的病理形态学变化.结果:建立稳定表达GFP的子宫内膜癌细胞系及裸鼠移植瘤模型,活体荧光成像显示,治疗组裸鼠荧光强度较对照组明显减弱.治疗组肿瘤体积及重量明显小于对照组(P<0.05),Ishikawa细胞纽的抑瘤率(67.1%)较高于HEC-1A细胞组的抑瘤率(48.1%).治疗组的肿瘤组织可见大片肿瘤细胞坏死,对照组肿瘤细胞坏死少.结论:RAPA对PTEN阳性及阴性的子宫内膜癌生长均有明显的抑制作用,PTEN的丢失可增加RAPA抗子宫内膜癌的敏感性.%OBJECTIVE: To investigate the inhibilpry effect of ra-pamycin (RAPA) in nude mice bearing endometrial cancer cell lines with different PTEN status. METHODS: HEC-1A (PTEN positive) and Ish-ikawa (PTEN negative) cell lines with stable expression of green fluorescent protein (GPP) were established by transfection via lentiviral vec-lor. The HEC-1A-GFP and IshikawaGFP cells were inoculated into the nude mice to prepare the subcutaneously xenografted tumor model. The dynamic growth of xenografted tumor was observed using fluorescence imaging system in vivo. After treated with RAPA, the volume and weight of transplanted tumors in nude mice were measured. Morphology of transplanted tumor tissues was observed by HE staining. RESULTS; The stable GFP-expressing endometrial cancer cell lines and xenografted tumor model were obtained. Optical imaging showed that the fluorescent intensity of treated group was apparently lower than that of the control. As compare with control group,the tumor volume and weight of treated group were signicandy decreased ( P< 0-05). The

  19. 转基因细胞毒性T淋巴细胞的生物学特性及其对荷瘤裸鼠的抗肿瘤作用%Biological characters of cytotoxic T lymphocytes transfected with tumor necrosis factor-alpha gene and its antitumor effects on transplanted carcinoma in nude mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗意革; 陆云飞; 邱庆明

    2004-01-01

    肿瘤过继免疫治疗提供新型的效应细胞,对防治肿瘤转移和复发,促进肿瘤康复具有积极的意义.%BACKGROUND: Antitumor immunity is suppressed in patients with tumor. It is an effective way to improve the efficacy of adoptive immunity therapy and promote rehabilitation by enhancing the cytokine activity of cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL).OBJECTIVE: To study the biological characters and antitumor effects of cytotoxic CTL transfected with tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) gene, and seek a new way of immunegene therapy and adoptive immunity therapy for the treatment of tumor.DESIGN: Block randomizaed experiment.SETTING and MATERIALS: The experiment was done in the Center of Laboratory of Guangxi Medical University. CTL was obtained from lymphocytes isolated from human hepatocellular carcinoma tissue, and stimulated by BEL7404 cells and interferon γ(IFN-γ) . A total of 28 male BALB/c nude mice(aged 4 -6 weeks and weighing 18 -20 g) obtained from the Department of Experimental Animal Sciences of Peking University Health Sciences Center(SPF grade; certificate number: 01-3048).INTERVENTION: CTL was transfected with TNF-α gene by gene recombinant retrovirus vector. The models of tumor nude mice were established by injecting BEL7404 in the armpit of the right forelimb of these nude mice.Twenty-eight nude mice were divided into 4 groups according to their weights, with 7 mice in each group. The efficacy of transgene CTL on tumor in situ(armpit of right forelimb) and ex situ(armpit of left forelimb) were observed. Mice injected with normal saline were taken as the control group.phenotype of CTL and the secretion of TNF-α before or after TNF-α gene rate and tumor generation rate.RESULTS: The morphology, proliferation activity, and cell phenotype of the transgene CTL were similar to CTL. However, the transgene CTL could continuously and efficiently secret TNF-α, with an expression dose as high as 410 ng/L in 72 hours. The transgene CTL had a strong

  20. Suppression of the growth of subcutaneous transplanted human liver cancer and lung metastasis in nude mice treated by sorafenib combined with fluorouracil%索拉非尼联合氟尿嘧啶抑制荷人肝癌裸鼠肿瘤生长和肺转移

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈沪佳; 王艳红; 徐建

    2013-01-01

    Objective The aim of this study was to explore the inhibitory effect of sorafenib and 5-Fu on transplanted human liver cancer in nude mice,and to investigate the synergistic effect and mechanism between sorafenib and 5-Fu.Methods The nude mouse model of human liver cancer was made by transplantation of human highly metastatic liver cancer cell line HCCLM3 cells,and the tumor-bearing nude mice were treated with sorafenib,5-Fu or both,respectively,and mock-treated tumor-beating nude mice as negative control.To assess the anti-tumor effect of sorafenib and the synergistic effect of sorafenib combined with 5-Fu by measuring the tumor weight and number of lung metastases.Moreover,the expressions of phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinase (p-ERK),P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and topoisomerase 2-alpha (Topo Ⅱa) in the nude mice were assayed by immunocytochemistry and Western blot.Results The tumor weights and numbers of lung metastases were: (2.7 ± 0.825) g and 12.714 ± 6.317 in the negative control group,(0.933 ± 0.333) g and 4.333 ± 3.983 in the sorafenib group,(0.786 ± 0.212) g and 5.429 ±4.315 in the Sorafenib +5-Fu combination group,and (2.438 ± 0.793)g and 10.429 ± 6.241 in the 5-Fu group.Statistically,the tumor weights and numbers of lung metastases in the sorafenib group and combination group were significantly decreased,compared with that in the control group (P < 0.05).There was no significant difference in the tumor weight and number of lung metastases between the sorafenib group and the combination treatment group (P > 0.05).The expression levels of p-ERK,P-gp and Topo Ⅱ a proteins in the tumors after normalization were: negative control (0.017 ±0.010,0.085 ± 0.012,0.103 ± 0.093),sorafenib group (0.010 ±0.008,0.044 ±0.020,0.020 ±0.018),combination group (0.011 ±0.007,0.043 ±0.023,0.062 ±0.026),and 5-Fu group (0.018 ±0.009,0.063 ±0.032,0.065 ± 0.034),respectively.Statistically,the expression of p-ERK,P-gp and Topo Ⅱ a in the

  1. 三氧化二砷联合华蟾素抗裸鼠人肝癌移植瘤血管新生的作用%Anti-angiogenesis Effect of Arsenic Trioxide plus Cinobufacin on Human Hepatocarcinoma Transplantation Model Nude Mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘琳; 陈宝安; 秦叔逵; 赵伟; 李苏宜; 邱少敏; 王南瑶

    2011-01-01

    Objective To study the anti-angiogenesis effect and toxicity of arsenic trioxide (As2O3) plus cinobufacin on transplanted human hepatocarcinoma in nude mice, and the acting mechanism of the treatment was explored as well. Methods Human hepatocarcinoma was transplanted in nude mouse, and the modeled mice were divided at random into 4 groups, 8 in each group. They were treated respectively with normal saline (GA), 2. 5 mg/kg As2O3 (GB), 5 mL/kg cinobufacin (GC) and 2.5 mg/kg As2O3 + 5 mL/kg cinobufacin (GD), by intraperitoneal injection for 21 days. The anti-tumor effects was evaluated by estimating general condition of nude mice, tumor size, microvessel density(MVD) level. Expressions of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and epidermal growth factor receptor(EGFR) in tumor, in tumor tissue of mice as well as pathology of tumor were detected by immunohistochemistry assay, optical microscope, transmission electron microscope ( TEM), respectively. Moreover, blood routine and pathological examinations of liver and kidney were performed.Results The tumor weight and volume were 0. 65 ± 0. 25 g and 0. 44 ± 0. 14 cm3 in GB, 0. 70 ± 0. 27 g and 0. 46 ±0. 19 cm3 in GC, 0.42 ±0. 16 g and 0. 26 ±0. 11 cm3 in GD, all significantly lower than those in GA (1.06 ±0. 25 g and 0. 67 ±0. 17 cm3, P<0. 05). The coefficient of drug interaction (CDI) on tumor weight was 0. 97 and that on tumor size was 0. 86, all less than 1, showing the synergistic action between the two drugs. Expressions of VEGF and EGFR in tumor as well as the MVD were decreased in GB and GC, and the decreasing of these indices were even more significant in GD. Pathologic examination showed the growth of tumor in GB, GC and GD were all inhibited significantly. No obvious toxicity of the treatments to the hepatic, renal and hematopoietic systems in the nude mice was observed. Conclusions As2O3 and cinobufacini showed synergistic action in inhibiting human hepatocarcinoma in nude mice and the

  2. Effect of 5-aminolevulinic acid-mediated photodynamic therapy on human gastric cancer xenografts in nude mice in vivo%5-氨基乙酰丙酸介导的光动力学对裸鼠人胃癌移植瘤的治疗作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周广军; 黄宗海; 俞金龙; 厉周; 丁涟沭

    2008-01-01

    Objective To investigate the effect of 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA)-mediated photodynamic therapy (PDT) on human gastric cancer xenografts in vivo and to explore its potential tumoreidal mechanism. Methods Cultured MGC-803 human gastric cancer cells were injected below the skins of the nude mice to develop the tumor model. The tumor-bearing nude mice were examined under the Leica LT-9MACIMSYSPULS to detect the fluorescence. The tumor volume of day 1, 3, 7, 14, 21 after treatment were measured, and its histological changes were also studied. The tissues of the tumors in nude mice of the control group, light group, 5-ALA group and PDT group were examined with the electron microscope and apoptosis was detected by TUNEL assay. Results The tumor model was successfully developed. The tumor in the nude mice emited the red fluorescence under the Leica LT-9MACIMSYSPULS. The tumor volumes were (0.189±0.010)cm3, (0.183±0.011)cm3, (0.185±0.019) cm3, (0.182±0.015)cm3 for the control group, light group, 5-ALA group, PDT group, respectively at day 1 after treatment, while at day 3, (0.294±0.010)cm3, (0.280±0.013)cm3, (0.278±0.016)cm3, (0.183±0.014)cm3;at day 7, (0.409±0.016)cm3, (0.411±0.009)cm3, (0.407±0.015)cm3, (0.221±0.008)cm3;at day 14, (0.970±0.055)cm3 (0.976±0.054)cm3, (0.981±0.032)cm3, (0.318±0.005)cm3;at day 21, (1.495±0.059)cm3, (1.513±0.057)cm3, ( 1.524±0.063)cm3, (0.446±0.042)cm3(F=1003.086, P=0.000). The histology demonstrated that most tumor blood vessels were congested and necrosis developed after PDT while not in the control group, light group and 5-ALA group. Necrosis and apoptosis were observed in the cells of the tumors of the PDT group examined by TUNEL and electron microscope while not in the cells of the tumors of the other groups. Conclusions 5-aminolevulinic acid-mediated photodynamic therapy (PDT) can induce injury to human gastric cancer xenografts and inhibit the tumor growth while light only and 5-ALA only can not. 5-aminolevulinic

  3. Synthesis of 2'-deoxy-2'-[{sup 18}F]-fluoro-5-ethyl-1-{beta}-D-arabinofuranosyluracil ([{sup 18}F]-FEAU) and micro-PET imaging of HSV-tk gene expression in tumor-bearing nude mice

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alauddin, M.M.; Shahinian, A.; Park, R.; Tohme, M.; Fissekis, J.D.; Conti, P.S. [Univ. of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA (United States). PET Imaging Science Center

    2004-07-01

    Herpes simplex virus type-1 thymidine kinase (HSV1-tk) is being used as a suicide gene for gene therapy of cancer. An in vivo method to assess the HSV1-tk enzyme activity after gene transfer is desirable to monitor gene expression as an indicator of gene delivery. Imaging of the HSV1-tk reporter gene along with various reporter probes is of current interest. We originally developed [{sup 18}F]-FHPG and [{sup 18}F]-FHBG for PET imaging of HSV1-tk gene expression and demonstrated that [{sup 18}F]-FHBG is more useful than [{sup 18}F]-FHPG for this purpose. [{sup 124}I]-FIAU has been shown to be a potential PET imaging agent for HSV1-tk gene expression, and is superior to [{sup 18}F]-FHPG and [{sup 18}F]-FHBG. We also demonstrated that radiolabeled FMAU can be used as a marker for HSV-tk gene expression, and is superior to [{sup 18}F]-FHPG and [{sup 18}F]-FHBG. Earlier we reported a synthesis for 2'-deoxy-2'-[{sup 18}F]fluoro-5-methyl-1-{beta}-D-arabinofuranosyluracil ([{sup 18}F]-FMAU) and some other 5-substituted nucleosides. We have synthesized now [{sup 18}F]-FEAU, used the tracer for micro-PET imaging of suicide gene expression in tumor-bearing nude mice, and compared the results with earlier studies using [{sup 14}C]-FMAU. (orig.)

  4. Synthesis of 2'-deoxy-2'-[{sup 18}F]-fluoro-5-iodo-1-{beta}-D-arabinofuranosyluracil ([{sup 18}F]-FIAU) and micro-PET imaging of suicide gene expression in tumor-bearing nude mice

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alauddin, M.M.; Shahinian, A.; Park, R.; Tohme, M.; Fissekis, J.D.; Conti, P.S. [Univ. of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA (United States). PET Imaging Science Center

    2004-07-01

    Herpes simplex virus type-1 thymidine kinase (HSV1-tk) is being used as a suicide gene for gene therapy of cancer. An in vivo method to assess the HSV1-tk enzyme activity after gene transfer is desirable to monitor gene expression as an indicator of gene delivery. Imaging of the HSV1-tk reporter gene along with various reporter probes is of current interest. We originally developed [{sup 18}F]-FHPG and [{sup 18}F]-FHBG for PET imaging of HSV1-tk gene expression and demonstrated that [{sup 18}F]-FHBG is more useful than [{sup 18}F]-FHPG for this purpose. [{sup 124}I]-FIAU has been shown to be a potential PET imaging agent for HSV1-tk gene expression, and is superior to [{sup 18}F]-FHPG and [{sup 18}F]-FHBG. We also demonstrated that radiolabeled FMAU can be used as a marker for HSV-tk gene expression, and is superior to [{sup 18}F]-FHPG and [{sup 18}F]-FHBG. Earlier we reported a synthesis for 2'-deoxy-2'-[{sup 18}F]fluoro-5-methyl-1-{beta}-D-arabinofuranosyluracil ([{sup 18}F]-FMAU) and some other 5-substituted nucleosides. We have synthesized now [{sup 18}F]-FIAU, used the tracer for micro-PET imaging of suicide gene expression in tumor-bearing nude mice, and compared the results with earlier studies using [{sup 14}C]-FMAU. (orig.)

  5. 脐带间充质干细胞对裸鼠胸腺发育的作用及机制%Effects and mechanisms of human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells on the thymus development in nude mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王黎明; 王立华; 李铭; 王倩云; 杨洁; 刘广洋; 丛秀丽; 刘拥军

    2014-01-01

    背景:自身免疫性疾病的传统治疗方法很难有效解决患者免疫耐受机制缺失的问题。间充质干细胞具有再生修复实质组织器官和免疫调节的生物学特性。目的:探讨人脐带源间充质干细胞对裸鼠胸腺发育的影响及作用机制。方法:采用腹腔注射的方式向Foxn1-/-的BABL/c裸鼠体内注射人脐带源间充质干细胞,2×106/只,分析治疗后裸鼠胸腺残基的组织结构变化、胸腺上皮细胞的分布及成熟度,以及发育后的胸腺成熟淋巴细胞输出功能,并探讨人脐带源间充质干细胞发挥治疗作用的机制。结果与结论:胸腺残基出现了清晰的皮髓质结构,胸腺上皮细胞数量增加并且胸腺输出功能增强,外周血中调节性T细胞增多。其作用机制可能是由于人脐带源间充质干细胞能够定植在胸腺组织内并且表达多种促进胸腺发育的细胞因子,尤其是对胸腺发育非常重要的角质形成细胞生长因子。结果表明人脐带源间充质干细胞能够为裸鼠胸腺的结构发育和功能成熟提供合适的微环境,促进裸鼠胸腺残基的发育和功能成熟,为间充质干细胞治疗免疫性疾病的作用机制提出了新的理论观点。%BACKGROUND:For autoimmune diseases, it is difficult to effectively solve the lack of immunological tolerance in patients by traditional treatments. Mesenchymal stem cells have the biological functions of tissue and organ regeneration and immune regulation. OBJECTIVE:To explore the effects and mechanisms of human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells on the development of thymus in nude mice. METHODS:Human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells were intraperitoneal y injected into BABL/c nude mice at a dose of 2×106 per mouse. We analyzed the maturation and distribution of thymic epithelial cells in the thymus rudiment of nude mice and the thymopoiesis of this newly developed thymus rudiment

  6. Experimental study of different platinum alone or combined with taxanes or vinoreibine on nude mice implanted human non-small cell lung cancer NCI-H460 cells in vivo%不同铂类联合紫杉类或长春瑞滨对非小细胞肺癌荷瘤裸鼠抑瘤作用的实验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦叔逵; 黄勇; 隋东虎; 李进; 楼丽广

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨洛铂(LBP)、顺铂(DDP)和卡铂(Cab)单用或联合紫杉醇(PTX)、多西他赛(DOC)和长春瑞滨(NVB)对非小细胞肺癌(NSCLC)荷瘤裸鼠的抑瘤作用.方法 选用人大细胞肺癌细胞株NCI-H460接种于裸小鼠皮下成瘤.单药抑瘤实验中设LBP(3.75、7.5、15 mg/kg)3组及Cab(60mg/kg)、DDP(5mg/kg)各1组;联合抑瘤实验设LBP(7.5mg/kg)、DPP(2.5mg/kg)分别与DOC(5mg/kg)、PTX(12mg/kg)、NVB(5mg/kg)联合共6组以及各自单药5组,每组均随机分配6只成瘤小鼠,经静脉d0、d7给药(PTX d0、d2、d4给药除外).各设1组对照组,每组12只.每周2~3次记录瘤体体积和裸鼠体重,并计算相对肿瘤增殖率(T/C).结果 (1)单药抑瘤实验中,LBP抑瘤效果与剂量相关,中、高剂量组的T/C分别为51.1%和36.3%,低于Cab组(51.6%),但LBP高剂量组有1只小鼠出现药物相关性死亡.对裸鼠体重的影响由大到小依次为:DDP组>LBP高剂量组>LBP中剂量组>Cab组>LBP低剂量组.(2)联合抑瘤实验中,LBP+PTX组的T/C最低,为24.4%,明显优于DDP+PTX组(P<0.05);LBP+DOC组和DDP+DOC组亦对小鼠体重有明显影响.结论 LBP单药对NCI-H460荷瘤小鼠的抑瘤作用呈剂量依赖性,介于DDP与Cab之间;而LBP联合PTX的抑瘤作用最强,明显优于DDP联合PTX及其他两药联合.%Objective To investigate the inhibitory effects of lobaplatin (LBP), cisplatin (DDP) and caboplatin ( Cab ) alone or combined with paclitaxel ( PTX ), docetaxel ( DOC ) and vinorelbine ( NVB ) respectively against nude mice bearing human non-small cell lung cancer(NSCLC) NCI-H460 cells in vivo.Methods NCI-H460 cells were implanted into nude mice.In monotherapy treatment study, the nude mice beating human NSCLC NCI-H460 cells were randomly divided into 5 groups with 6 mice in each group.In concomitant treatment study, the nude mice bearing human NSCLC NCI-H460 cells were randomly divided into 11 groups, and each group had 6 mice.The volume of tumor, the weight of nude

  7. Suppression of human colon tumor growth by adenoviral vector-mediated NK4 expression in an athymic mouse model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jian-Zheng Jie; Jian-Wei Wang; Jian-Guo Qu; Tao Hung

    2007-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the suppressive effects of adenoviral vector-mediated expression of NK4, an antagonist of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), on human colon cancer in an athymic mouse model to explore the possibility of applying NK4 to cancer gene therapy.METHODS: A human colon tumor model was developed by subcutaneous implantation of tumor tissue formed by LS174T cells grown in athymic mice. Fifteen tumorbearing mice were randomized into three groups (n = 5in each group) at d 3 after tumor implantation and mice were injected intratumorally with phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) or with recombinant adenovirus expressing β-galactosidase (Ad-LacZ) or NK4 (rvAdCMV/NK4) at a 6-d interval for total 5 injections in each mouse. Tumor sizes were measured during treatment to draw a tumor growth curve. At d 26 after the first treatment, all animals were sacrificed and the tumors were removed to immunohistochemically examine proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), microvessel density (represented by CD31), and apoptotic cells. In a separate experiment,15 additional athymic mice were employed to develop a tumor metastasis model by intraperitoneal injection(ip) of LS174T cells. These mice were randomized into 3 groups (n = 5 in each group) at d 1 after injection and were treated by ip injection of PBS, or Ad-LacZ, or rvAdCMV/NK4 at a 6-d interval for total two injections in each mouse. All animals were sacrificed at d 14 and the numbers and weights of disseminated tumors within the abdominal cavity were measured.RESULTS: Growth of human colon tumors were significantly suppressed in the athymic mice treated with rvAdCMV/NK4 (2537.4±892.3 mm3) compared to those treated by either PBS (5175.2±1228.6 mm3)or Ad-LacZ (5578.8±1955.7 mm3) (P<0.05). The tumor growth inhibition rate was as high as 51%.Immunohistochemical staining revealed a similar PCNA labeling index (75.1%±11.2% in PBS group vs 72.8%±7.6% in Ad-LacZ group vs 69.3%±9.4% in rvAdCMV/NK4 group) in all groups, but

  8. Observation the inhibitory effect and expression of MMP -2, CD44v6 of common turmeric among tumor-bearing nude mice%温郁金对荷肿瘤裸鼠抑瘤作用和MMP -2、CD44v6表达影响的观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王光亮; 张俊会

    2012-01-01

    Objective To study the inhibitory effect of common turmeric and the expression of MMP - 2 and CD44v6 proteins in human gastric SGC -7901 cell, explore the possible mechanisms on gastric cancer metastasis. Method Established nude mouse orthotopic transplantation mode of SGC - 7901 and then randomly divided the nude mouse into control group and common turmeric group. The tumor growth and metastasis were observed, the expression of MMP - 2 and CD44v6 proteins in the tumor tissue were detected by immunohisto-chemistry. Results The rate of successfully orthotopic transplantation was 100%. The weight of the tumors in common turmeric group was (2.73 ±0.92) g, in control group was (4. 09 ± 1.17) g, there was statistical significance between the two group (P <0.05) , The inhibitory rate of common turmeric group was 33. 25%. The metastasis of cavitas peritonealis, liver and lymph node in common turmeric group were significantly lower than those of control group (P < 0. 05) . Meanwhile, we found that the positive rates of MMP - 2 and CD44v6 expression in the common turmeric group were obviously lower than that in control group (P<0.05) . Conclusions Common turmeric can inhibit gastric cancer growth and metastasis in orthotopic transplantation model of nude mice, the mechanism might be related to down - regulation of MMP - 2 and CD44v6 expression.%目的 观察温郁金对胃癌细胞抑制作用和MMP-2、CD44v6蛋白表达的影响,探讨其抗胃癌细胞转移的作用机制.方法 以SGC - 7901胃癌细胞株建立胃癌裸鼠原位移植瘤模型,将裸鼠随机分为对照组(0.9%氯化钠溶液)及实验组(温郁金水煎剂).观察裸小鼠胃癌种植后肿瘤生长及转移灶情况,用免疫组化法检测2组肿瘤组织中MMP-2和CD44v6蛋白的表达.结果 2组荷瘤鼠胃壁均有肿瘤生长,荷瘤率100%,对照组瘤重(4.09±1.17) g,实验组瘤重(2.73±0.92) g(与对照组比较P<0.05),抑瘤率为33.25%;实验组肝、腹腔和淋巴结转

  9. Local tumor control following single dose irradiation of human melanoma xenografts: Relationship to cellular radiosensitivity and influence of an immune response by the athymic mouse

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The potential usefulness of untreated congenitally athymic adult mice as hosts for human tumors in radiocurability studies was investigated using five human melanoma xenograft lines (E.E., E.F., G.E., M.F., V.N.). The tumor radiocurability was found to differ considerably among the lines; the radiation doses required to achieve local control of 50% of the tumors irradiated (TCD50 values) ranged from 29.6 +/- 2.1 (SE) to 67.9 +/- 3.5 Gy. Since the clinical relevance of experimentally determined TCD50 values depends on to what extent they are modified by a host immune response, a possible immune reactivity against the melanomas was investigated by comparing the radiocurability data with cell survival data measured in vitro after irradiation in vivo and by performing quantitative tumor transplantability studies. The radiocurability and the cell survival data were found to agree well for the E.F., G.E., and M.F. melanomas. Moreover, the number of tumor cells required to achieve tumors in 50% of the inoculation sites (TD50 values) in untreated and in whole-body irradiated mice were similar, suggesting that the TCD50 values measured for these lines were not significantly influenced by a host immune response. On the other hand, the E.E. and V.N. melanomas showed significantly lower TCD50 values in vivo than predicted theoretically from the in vitro cell survival data and a significantly lower number of tumor cells required to achieve tumors in 50% of the inoculation sites in whole-body irradiated than in untreated mice, suggesting that the radiocurability of these two lines was enhanced due to an immune response by the host. Athymic mice may thus express a significant immune reactivity against some human tumor xenograft lines but not against others

  10. The effect of Fe3O4 nanometer magnetic fluid induced hyperthermia on implanted liver cancer in nude mice%交变磁场下Fe3O4纳米磁流体对裸鼠移植性肝癌的杀伤作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭健; 唐琦; 潘一峰; 陈伟; 黄远飞; 张阳德

    2011-01-01

    Objective To study the therapeutic effect of Fe3O4 nanometer magnetic fluid-induced hyperthermia on implanted liver cancer in nude mice under alternating magnetic field. Methods Nude mice model bearing implanted HepG2 was established. Mice were then randomly divided into 3 groups: the blank control group; the magnetic field group; nanometer magnetic fluid group. The magnetic field group were just put under the magnetic field; Nanometer magnetic fluid group received injection of PEG-PEI/Fe3O4 nanometer magnetic fluid under the alternating magnetic field. At the frequency of 40 kHz, and magnetic field of 5 kA/m, 15 minutes one day in the next 14 days. On the 7th day and the 15th day, the changes of tumor volume and weight were recorded, cell apoptosis were observed and recorded and pathological examination was done. Results On the 7th and the 15th day, in the nanometer magnetic fluid group, tumors' volume was smaller and the weight was lighter than other groups, and the tumor inhibitory rate of 54. 20% (t = 14. 506,P <0. 01 ) was significantly higher than the control group and the magnetic field group 22. 66% ( t = 7.497, P < 0. 05 ). In the control group, tumor cells grew well, high density, the nucleus engrained, the shape irregular, the nuclear fission clear; compared with the control group, in the magnetic field group, tumor cells scatter thinly, intercellular substance increases, and necrosis area formed;in the nanometer magnetic fluid group, many of tumor cells died, their cell nucleus broke up and vanished,the blood vessel reduced obviously, and the tumor cell spread thinly. Conclusions Under the alternating magnetic field, PEG-PEI/Fe3O4 nanometer magnetic fluid inhibits liver cancer growth in nude mice model of HepG2.%目的 研究交变磁场作用下Fe3O4纳米磁流体对HepG2裸鼠移植性肝癌细胞的杀伤作用.方法 建立HepG2裸鼠肝癌移植模型,将荷瘤裸鼠随机分成空白对照组、磁场空白组、Fe3O4纳米磁流体组3组.

  11. Peloruside A Inhibits Growth of Human Lung and Breast Tumor Xenografts in an Athymic nu/nu Mouse Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyer, Colin J; Krauth, Melissa; Wick, Michael J; Shay, Jerry W; Gellert, Ginelle; De Brabander, Jef K; Northcote, Peter T; Miller, John H

    2015-08-01

    Peloruside A is a microtubule-stabilizing agent isolated from a New Zealand marine sponge. Peloruside prevents growth of a panel of cancer cell lines at low nanomolar concentrations, including cell lines that are resistant to paclitaxel. Three xenograft studies in athymic nu/nu mice were performed to assess the efficacy of peloruside compared with standard anticancer agents such as paclitaxel, docetaxel, and doxorubicin. The first study examined the effect of 5 and 10 mg/kg peloruside (QD×5) on the growth of H460 non-small cell lung cancer xenografts. Peloruside caused tumor growth inhibition (%TGI) of 84% and 95%, respectively, whereas standard treatments with paclitaxel (8 mg/kg, QD×5) and docetaxel (6.3 mg/kg, Q2D×3) were much less effective (%TGI of 50% and 18%, respectively). In a second xenograft study using A549 lung cancer cells and varied schedules of dosing, activity of peloruside was again superior compared with the taxanes with inhibitions ranging from 51% to 74%, compared with 44% and 50% for the two taxanes. A third xenograft study in a P-glycoprotein-overexpressing NCI/ADR-RES breast tumor model showed that peloruside was better tolerated than either doxorubicin or paclitaxel. We conclude that peloruside is highly effective in preventing the growth of lung and P-glycoprotein-overexpressing breast tumors in vivo and that further therapeutic development is warranted. Mol Cancer Ther; 14(8); 1816-23. ©2015 AACR. PMID:26056149

  12. An athymic mouse model to mimic cobalt-60 cutaneous radiation injury

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mosca, Rodrigo Crespo; Ferreira, Danilo Cardenuto; Napolitano, Celia Marina; Santin, Stefany Plumeri; Dornelles, Leonardo Dalla Porta; Alvarenga, Eluara Ortigoso; Mathor, Monica Beatriz, E-mail: rcmosca@usp.br [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2013-07-01

    Propose: Cutaneous wound from irradiation is the most common complication in radiotherapy treatment, and can be lead to mortality. We describe an athymic mouse model to mimic cutaneous radiation injury by Cobalt-60. Methods: A protocol was including dosimetry with silicon diodes,10x10x5 cm arrangement made by four lead bricks and PVC pipe designed to immobilize the athymic mouse in order to irradiate one clamped back skin point that was subdivided in four parts. To get the measurements of dose rates on the arrangement in Panoramic Irradiator, it was used a silicon diode encased in an opaque protection for ambient light and connected to an electric cable, forming a dosing probe. The currents generated in diode sensitive volume as a function of time of exposure to gamma radiation coming from the radiator, with dose rate of 0,015 Gy/min in positions 1, 0,021 Gy/min in position 2, 0,55 Gy/min in position 3 and 1,45 Gy/min in position four. After the dosimetry, each athymic mouse was anesthetized using Xylazine and Ketamine dilution and entered into a PVC pipe and a small portion of skin (1 cm{sup 3}) was clamped. This tube was then fixed to arrangement and the athymic mouse was irradiate for 60 min, than it was being returned to its cage. Results: The wound was visualized in all animals and photographed after 5 days of irradiation, with the emergence of ulceration after 9 days. No systemic or lethal sequelae occurred or visualized in any animals. Late clinical signs included a wound healing after 22 days. Conclusion: While still being a baseline study, we created a new functional preclinical animal model that can be used for new therapies and may improve radiotherapy management. (author)

  13. An athymic mouse model to mimic cobalt-60 cutaneous radiation injury

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Propose: Cutaneous wound from irradiation is the most common complication in radiotherapy treatment, and can be lead to mortality. We describe an athymic mouse model to mimic cutaneous radiation injury by Cobalt-60. Methods: A protocol was including dosimetry with silicon diodes,10x10x5 cm arrangement made by four lead bricks and PVC pipe designed to immobilize the athymic mouse in order to irradiate one clamped back skin point that was subdivided in four parts. To get the measurements of dose rates on the arrangement in Panoramic Irradiator, it was used a silicon diode encased in an opaque protection for ambient light and connected to an electric cable, forming a dosing probe. The currents generated in diode sensitive volume as a function of time of exposure to gamma radiation coming from the radiator, with dose rate of 0,015 Gy/min in positions 1, 0,021 Gy/min in position 2, 0,55 Gy/min in position 3 and 1,45 Gy/min in position four. After the dosimetry, each athymic mouse was anesthetized using Xylazine and Ketamine dilution and entered into a PVC pipe and a small portion of skin (1 cm3) was clamped. This tube was then fixed to arrangement and the athymic mouse was irradiate for 60 min, than it was being returned to its cage. Results: The wound was visualized in all animals and photographed after 5 days of irradiation, with the emergence of ulceration after 9 days. No systemic or lethal sequelae occurred or visualized in any animals. Late clinical signs included a wound healing after 22 days. Conclusion: While still being a baseline study, we created a new functional preclinical animal model that can be used for new therapies and may improve radiotherapy management. (author)

  14. Inhibitory effect of oridonin on androgen independent prostate cancer xenografts in nude mice%冬凌草甲素对雄激素非依赖性前列腺癌裸鼠移植瘤的抑制作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐凯; 郭剑明; 刘宇军; 徐志兵; 王国民

    2012-01-01

    Objective To research the inhibition effect of oridonin on androgen independent prostate cancer (AlPCa) xenografts in nude mice and its mechanism. Methods DU145 cells were injected subcutaneously to 20 male BALB/c-nude mice and those mice were randomly divided into oridonin group and control group. From day 2 after the injection, the mice were fed with 0.9% saline solution in the control group and odidonin (15 mg·Kg-1·D-1) in the oridonin group every day. The average size of xenografts was measured every week from week 2 to week 7. At the end of week 7, all mice were executed and the tumors were removed. The Mrna expression of G1/S regulatory factor p 16, cell proliferation related factor interleukin (IL-6 and immune escape related factor indoleamine 2, 3-dioxygenase (IDO) were analyzed by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction. Results The growth of xenografts in the oridonin group was significantly inhibited, and the tumors were significantly smaller than those in the control group from the end of week 3 to week 7 (all P<0.001). Compared with control group, the growth inhibiting rate of the tumors in the oridonin group was 58.12% at the end of week 7. After 7 weeks, the average level of p16 Mrna in the control group was lower than that in the oridonin group (0.46 vs. 0.95); the average level of IL-6 Mrna in the control group was high than that in the oridonin group (0.33 vs. 0.02); the average level of IDO Mrna in the control group was 0.08, but it could not be measured in the oridonin group because there were no obvious electrophoretic bands. Conclusion Oridonin can obviously inhibit the growth of DU145 cells, indicating that oridonin has the antitumor activity to AlPCa. It may be achieved by downregulating cell cycle, immune escape and IL-6 level.%目的 探讨冬凌草甲素对雄激素非依赖性前列腺癌(AIPCa)裸鼠移植瘤的抑制作用及其机制.方法 雄性裸小鼠20只,皮下接种DU145细胞,随机分成用药组和

  15. 人弥漫性大B细胞淋巴瘤移植瘤模型的建立及生长特性观察%Establishment and characterization of a nude mice model of human diffuse large B-cell lymphoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于宝华; 周晓燕; 张铁成; 张太明; 施达仁

    2011-01-01

    Objective To establish a diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL)-mice model using human DLBCL cell line LY8, to investigate its characteristics of growth and to provide a model for in vivo study of DLBCL pathogenesis and treatment. Methods LY8 cells were injected subcutaneously into the right flank of nude mice. Harvested tumor tissues were cut into small pieces of 1.5 mm × 1.5 mm × 1.5 mm and implanted subcutaneously into nude mice. Tumor growth was visualized and the histologic characteristics were documented. Expression of LCA, CD20, CD79α, Ki-67, CD3, CD45RO, bcl-6, MUM-1, CD1O and bcl-2 were examined by using immunohistochemistry. IgH clonal rearrangement and status of three microsatellite loci (D14S68, D18S69, D20S199) in the xenografted tumor samples and the parental cell line LY8 were detected using PCR amplification followed by PAGE. Results The subcutaneous xenograft DLBCL model was successfully established by using cell line LY8, and a stable growth was achieved up to the 9th generation. The tumor in each generation showed similar growth characteristics and the rate of subcutaneous tumor formation was 91.9% (114/124). The tumor growth was observed from the 2nd week after implantation, reaching 1.3 cm in major diameter at the 3rd week and 2. 0 cm at the 4th week. The tumor had identical morphological characteristics with those of human DLBCL, and expressed LCA, CE0,CD79α, bcl-6, MUM-1, CD1O and bcl-2. The tumor of xenograft mice and cell line LY8 showed identical IgH rearrangement and microsatellite length. Conclusions A human DLBCL bearing mouse model was successfully established. The mice model is similar to human counterpart with high stability and repeatability. Therefore, it provides an ideal animal model for in vivo studies of the biological characteristics and treatment of DLBCL.%目的 建立人弥漫性大B细胞淋巴瘤(DLBCL)细胞株LY8裸鼠皮下移植瘤模型并观察其生长特性,为探讨淋巴瘤发病机制及治

  16. Interaction of the heterozygous nude gene with the asplenia trait in mammary tumorigenesis

    OpenAIRE

    1985-01-01

    The BALB/c mouse strain has been shown to contain endogenous mouse mammary tumor virus (MMTV) proviral sequences. However, no exogenous MMTV particles have been detected in their tissues. Female BALB/c mice from our colonies exhibit a very low incidence of spontaneous mammary tumors (SMT); less than 1% at up to 20 mo of age. Immunodeficient BALB/c mice heterozygous for the nude gene (nu/+, +/+), for the dominant hemimelia gene associated with asplenia (+/+, Dh/+), or for both traits (nu/+, Dh...

  17. Effect of Cnidium Lactone on Serum Mutant P53 and BCL-2/BAX Expression in Human Prostate Cancer Cells PC-3 Tumor-Bearing BALB/C Nude Mouse Model

    OpenAIRE

    Bi, Dongbin; Yang, Mingshan; Zhao, Xia; Huang, Shiming

    2015-01-01

    Background Cnidium lactone is a natural coumarin compound that can inhibit a variety of cancer cell proliferation and induce cancer cell apoptosis. This experiment investigated the effect of cnidium lactone on molecular marker expression in prostate cancer nude mice to study its effect in inducing apoptosis. Material/Methods We randomly and equally divided 30 male BALB/C nude mice inoculated with human prostate cancer cells PC-3 into a negative control group, a cyclophosphamide group (500 mg/...

  18. Radioimmunodetection of choriocarcinoma in nude mouse by radiolabeled antibody to human chorionic gonadotropin. beta. -subunit

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yamanaka, Nozomu (Kobe Univ. (Japan). School of Medicine)

    1983-06-01

    Photoscans and organ radioactivity were assessed with radiolabeled antibodies to hCG or hCG-..beta.. subunit in nude mice bearing hCG-producing tumors. /sup 125/I-anti hCG or /sup 125/I-anti-hCG-..beta.. subunit was administered to nude mice bearing an hCG-producing tumor, GCH-lnu. Measurement of radioactivity revealed specific accumulation of both antibodies into the tumor. Especially the accumulation of /sup 125/I-anti hCG-..beta.. subunit on the 3rd day of administration was high, being about 4 times higher than the nonspecific accumulation in the liver. The localization of hCG in the tumor was examined by the indirect peroxidase-antiperoxidase method using anti-hCG. and anti hCG-..cap alpha.. subunit, and hCG-..beta.. subunit. The immunoperoxidase reaction was positive, and the accumulation of these radiolabeled antibodies in the tumor is suggested to be an immunologically specific phenomenon. The tumor in the tumor-bearing nude mouse injected with /sup 131/I-anti hCG or /sup 131/I-anti hCG-..beta.., subunit could be visualized as a hot area by external scintigraphy. Especially, the tumor image produced by the accumulation of anti hCG-..beta.. subunit was very clear against the background radiation.

  19. The nude beach as a liminal homoerotic place

    OpenAIRE

    Monterrubio, J. Carlos

    2013-01-01

    As a socially, culturally and sexually constructed space, the nude beach has been the focus of academic research. Some studies have analysed the nude beach as a place where erotic relations and meanings among men are performed, constructed, negotiated and transformed. These studies however have seldom acknowledged the multiple dimensions of sexualised practices and subjectivities taking place at the nude beach among men. By adopting a homoerotic framework, this study analyses a number of sexu...

  20. Diverse characteristics of 111In labelled anti-CEA monoclonal antibodies for tumour immunoscinitigraphy: Radiolabelling, biodistribution and imaging studies in mice with human tumour xenografts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Three monoclonal anti-CEA antibodies, designated 161, 198 (both IgG1) and 228 (IgG2a) have been labelled with 111In via DTPA chelation and assessed for localization in human gastro-intestinal carcinomas as xenografts in athymic nude mice. Following reaction of the antibodies with DTPA anhydride, efficiency of chelation of 111In varied between the antibodies with mean values of 30%, 52% and 62% with 161, 198 and 228 respectively. Gel filtration chromatography with all three labelled antibodies showed radiolabel predominantly coincident with IgG with little radioactivity in either high molecular weight form or as free 111In. However, the efficiency of binding of radiolabelled antibodies to CEA producing tumour cells varied, with maxima of 42%, 65% and 20% for 161, 198 and 228. In vivo, in mice, 111In was excreted at virtually identical rates (half times approx. 12 days) with all three prepartions and this was similar to the clearance of indium injected as 111In-indium chloride, but 111In-DTPA was rapidly eliminated (half time approximately 5 h). (orig.)

  1. Molecular studies of growth inhibition by 3-bromopyruvic acid in human gastric tumors implanted in nude mice%3-溴丙酮酸对人胃癌细胞裸小鼠皮下种植瘤的作用机制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹卫; 张晓东; 陆云飞

    2013-01-01

      目的探讨3-溴丙酮酸(3-Bromopyruvic acid,3-BrPA)对人胃癌细胞株 SGC-7901裸鼠皮下种植瘤的抑制作用及其机制。方法建立人胃癌裸鼠皮下种植瘤模型,将成瘤后的裸鼠随机分为实验组:3-BrPA 低剂量、3-BrPA 中剂量、3-BrPA 高剂量组;PBS(磷酸盐缓冲液)阴性对照组1(pH7.4),PBS 阴性对照组2(pH6.8~7.8);阳性对照5-FU 组。每天于瘤体周围皮下注射给药,连续4周,停药24 h 后取出瘤体并检测瘤体细胞中己糖激酶的活性,分别用免疫组化 SP 法和Western blot 法检测 cleaved caspase-3、bax、bcl-2和 p53蛋白的表达。结果随着3-BrPA 剂量的增加,瘤体细胞中己糖激酶的活性逐渐下降,并呈剂量依赖性。3-BrPA 给药组的 p53、bcl-2蛋白表达下降,而 bax、caspase-3(P17KD)蛋白表达升高,与 PBS 阴性对照组相比差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论3-BrPA 诱导人胃癌细胞株 SGC-7901裸鼠皮下种植瘤细胞凋亡的机制可能是通过抑制细胞内的己糖激酶活性,上调 bax 蛋白的表达,下调 p53、bcl-2蛋白的表达,最终活化caspase-3而引起的。%Objective To investigate the effects of 3-Bromopyruvic acid(3-BrPA)on the growth of gastric cancer in vivo and to explore how it exerts these effects. Methods Human gastric carcinoma SGC-7901 cells were subcutaneously implanted in nude mice,which were randomly divided into six groups(each n=10)that received subcutaneous injections of 1.85,2.23,or 2.67 mg/kg 3-BrPA;5-FU;or PBS(two groups).After 28 days of treatment,the expression of apoptosis-associated proteins p53,bcl-2,bax and active caspase-3 was examined by immunohistochemistry and Western blotting.Hexokinase activity was assessed using a commercial kit. Results Hexokinase activity gradually declined with increasing 3-BrPA dose. Mice in the 3-BrPA groups showed lower expression of p53 and bcl-2 and higher expression of bax and active caspase-3

  2. 白花蛇舌草对人肝癌 HepG2细胞裸鼠皮下移植瘤 PI3K/Akt 信号通路的影响%Effect of Hedyotis Diffusa Willd on PI3K/Akt Pathway in Nude Mice Implanted Hepatoma HepG2 Cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    章尤权; 王清泰; 陈旭征; 魏建威

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨白花蛇舌草对人肝癌 HepG2细胞裸鼠皮下移植瘤组织磷酸酰肌醇3激酶(PI3K)、总蛋白激酶 B(Akt)和磷酸化 Akt(p-Akt)蛋白表达的影响。方法建立肝癌裸鼠皮下移植瘤模型,随机分为药物组(6 g·kg -1·d -1白花蛇舌草灌胃)和模型组(同等体积生理盐水灌胃),连续给药4周后处死,观察抑瘤率;免疫组织化学染色检测肿瘤组织 PI3K、总 Akt 和 p-Akt 蛋白的表达。结果与模型组比较,药物组瘤体质量明显下降(t =4.270,P =0.006),抑瘤率达61.29%;PI3K 蛋白表达灰度值从82.00±2.72升高至118.67±8.44(t =0.209,P =0.049);Akt 蛋白表达灰度值从72.37±2.89升高至105.19±4.718(t =2.050, P <0.001),p-Akt 蛋白表达灰度值从87.99±4.16升高至96.34±5.72(t =4.123,P =0.002),提示 PI3K、Akt 和 p-Akt 的蛋白表达水平均较模型组明显减低。结论白花蛇舌草通过可调控 PI3K/ Akt 信号通路的相关蛋白抑制肿瘤血管新生。%Objective To evaluate the effect of hedyotis diffusa willd on phosphoinositide 3 kinase(PI3K),pro-tein kinase B(Akt)protein and phosphorylated Akt(p-Akt)protein expressions in nude mice with hepatic carci-noma transplanted subcutaneously. Methods Nude mice xenografts were established. The mice were randomly divid-ed into 2 groups:the hedyotis diffusa willd group and the vehicle group,which received hedyotis diffusa willd(6 g·kg -1 ·d -1 ,intragastric administration)and normal saline( intragastric administration),respectively. After 4 weeks of treatment,the tumors were harvested and weighed. The levels of PI3K,Akt and p-Akt proteins were ob-served with immunohistochemical staining. Results The tumor weight of the hedyotis diffusa willd group were high-er than that of the vehicle group(t = 4. 270,P = 0. 006). The gray levels of PI3K,Akt and p-Akt in the hedyotis dif-fusa willd group(118. 67 ± 8. 44,105. 19 ± 4. 718,96. 34 ± 5. 72)were

  3. 消痰散结方对裸鼠人胃癌MKN-45皮下移植瘤模型血清蛋白质组表达的影响%Comparative Serum Proteomic Study of Xiaotan Sanjie Recipe Intervened MKN-45 Human Gastric Tumor-bearing Nude Mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈天池; 魏品康; 贾占民; 魏振

    2012-01-01

    目的 观察消痰散结方对裸鼠人胃癌MKN-45皮下移植瘤模型血清蛋白质组表达的影响.方法 30只BALB/c-nu/nu裸鼠随机分为正常组、模型组、干预组,采用瘤块接种方法造模.正常组自由饮食,模型组、干预组分别给予生理盐水、消痰散结方灌胃.运用蛋白质组学的双向凝胶电泳技术,观察3组之间的血清蛋白质组表达差异,筛选出与消痰散结方作用相关的差异表达蛋白质,并对其进行质谱鉴定,确认差异表达蛋白质的身份.结果 去除血清中高丰度蛋白质后获得分辨率高、重复性稳定性好的血清2-DE图谱.与正常组比较,模型组中找到25个差异表达蛋白点,其中12个表达上调,13个表达下调.与模型组比较,干预组中找到19个差异表达蛋白点,其中14个表达上调,5个表达下调.3组间比较共找到差异表达蛋白点9个,与正常组比较,在模型组中表达上调、在干预组表达回调至正常组水平的3个,最终鉴定为结合珠蛋白、泛素蛋白连接酶、组蛋白甲基转移酶;与正常组比较,在模型组中表达下调、在干预组表达回复至正常组水平的有6个,其中3个鉴定为载脂蛋白A1、过氧化物酶1、超氧化物歧化酶.结论 消痰散结方对载脂蛋白A1、过氧化物酶1等功能蛋白表达的综合性调节可能是其发挥抗胃癌作用的重要机制.%Objective To observe the serum protein spectrum changes of MKN-45 gastric cancer cell bearing nude mice intervened by Xiaotan Sanjie Recipe on the platform of proteomics. Methods Thirty BALB/c-nu/nu mice were randomly divided into normal group, model group and intervention group. MKN45 gastric cancer cells were subcutaneously implanted into immune-incompetent nude mice in model group and intervention group to establish tumor bearing model. The control group was fed freely. The model group and the intervention group was separately administrated with saline and Xiaotan Sanjie Recipe, which

  4. 液质联用法同时测定埃罗替尼及其活性代谢产物OSI-420在BALB/c裸鼠体内的浓度及其药代动力学研究%A sensitive LC-MS/MS method to determine the concentrations of erlotinib and its active metabolite OSI-420 in BALB/c nude mice plasma simultaneously and its application to a pharmacokinetic study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李梦瑶; 吴琼; 李汉青; 宁妙然; 陈烨; 李良; 周田彦; 卢炜

    2012-01-01

    A simple,rapid and sensitive LC-MS/MS method was developed to quantify erlotinib and its active metabolite,OSI-420,simultaneously in BALB/c nude mice plasma.Erlotinib,OSI-420 and propranolol (internal standard) were extracted from nude mice plasma samples by liquid-liquid extraction.Separation was achieved on a reversed phase CIR column with a mobile phase of acetonitrile-water (35∶65,v/v) containing 5 mM ammonium formate (pH =3.0).All compounds were monitored by mass spectrometry with electrospray positive ionization.The lower limit of quantification was 0.5 ng/mL for both erlotinib and OSI-420; accuracy was estimated by relative error,which was in the range from 0.07% to 8.00% for erlotinib and -2.83% to 6.67%for OSI-420; precision was validated by relative standard deviation,which was from 2.28% to 15.12% for erlotinib and from 1.96% to 11.50% for OSI-420.This method was applied to a pharmacokinetic study of BALB/c nude mice following oral administration of erlotinib at 12.5 mg/kg.A 2-compartment model was used to fit the pharmacokinetics of erlotinib and l-compartment model for the pharmacokinetics of OSI-420.The ratio of the active metabolite to parent drug in mice was greater than previously reported in humans and probably reflects interspecies difference in the rate of conversion of erlotinib to OSI-420.%本试验建立了一种简单快速灵敏的液质联用方法,用以同时测定裸鼠血浆内埃罗替尼及其活性代谢物OSI-420的浓度.采用液液萃取法从血浆中提取埃罗替尼,OSI-420和内标普萘洛,用C18反相柱进行分离,流动相为乙腈-5 mM甲酸铵(35∶65,v/v,pH=3.0).所有化合物均采用电喷雾电离源,正离子方式检测.埃罗替尼和OSI-420的最低定量下限均为0.5 ng/mL.埃罗替尼的准确度在0.07%-8.00%范围内,OSI-420准确度在-2.83%-6.67%范围内:埃罗替尼精密度在2.28%-15.12%范围内,OSI-420精密度在1.96%-11.50%范围内.此

  5. Evaluation of Nonacog Beta Pegol Long-term Safety in the Immune-deficient Rowett Nude Rat (Crl:NIH-Foxn1rnu).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rasmussen, Caroline E; Nowak, Jette; Larsen, Julie M; Bottomley, Anna; Rowles, Alison; Offenberg, Hanne

    2016-07-01

    Nonacog beta pegol is a 40-kDa polyethylene glycosylated (PEGylated) human recombinant coagulation factor IX, intended for the treatment of hemophilia B. Human coagulation factors are immunogenic in animals; therefore, to evaluate the long-term toxicity of nonacog beta pegol, an immune-deficient, athymic rat (Rowett nude; Crl:NIH-Foxn1(rnu)) was used. Rats (n = 216) were given intravenous nonacog beta pegol 0, 40, 150, 600, or 1,200 IU/kg every 5th day for 26 weeks. To avoid infections, the animals were housed in a full-barrier environment with sterilized food and bedding. Standard toxicity end points were unaffected by treatment. All treated animals were exposed to nonacog beta pegol throughout the study, and no animals developed antidrug antibodies. Immunohistochemical staining revealed PEG in choroid plexus epithelial cells in a dose-dependent manner. Transmission electron microscopy showed that PEG was distributed in cytoplasmic vesicles of these cells, with no apparent effect on cellular organelle structures. Fourteen (6.5%) animals were euthanized or died prematurely due to nontreatment-related infections in the urogenital system and skin. In conclusion, the athymic rat is a suitable model for testing chronic toxicity of human proteins that are immunogenic in animals. Nonacog beta pegol was generally well tolerated, with no adverse effect of PEG on choroid plexus epithelial cells. PMID:26940713

  6. Combined effects of porous hydroxyapatite and demineralized bone matrix on bone induction: in vitro and in vivo study using a nude rat model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Jae Hyup; Lee, Kyung-Mee; Baek, Hae-Ri; Jang, Soo-Jeong; Lee, Ji-Ho [Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Seoul National University School of Medicine, SMG-SNU Boramae Medical Center, Seoul 156-707 (Korea, Republic of); Ryu, Hyun-Seung, E-mail: spinelee@snu.ac.kr [Research and Development Center, CGBio Inc., Seong-Nam 462-120 (Korea, Republic of)

    2011-02-15

    Hydroxyapatite (HA) is an osteoconductive material used as a bone graft extender and demineralized bone matrix (DBM) has been used as a source of osteoinductive factors. A combination of DBM and HA is expected to create a composite with both osteoconductive and osteoinductive properties. This study examined the effect of a combination of DBM and HA on osteogenesis both in vitro and in vivo using an athymic nude rat abdominal muscle pouch model, and evaluated the possibility of HA as a carrier of DBM. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) staining, ALP assay and measurements of the mRNA expression of ALP and Runx2 by RT-PCR were performed by transplanting human mesenchymal stem cells onto a plate. Five athymic nude rats each were assigned to one of two experimental groups (DBM/HA putty and only HA, i.e. 15 pouches per group). The muscle pouches were filled with DBM/HA putty or only HA. Radiographs were obtained at weeks 4 and 8, postoperatively. The animals were sacrificed at week 8 postoperatively and high resolution microCT was used to confirm the newly formed mineralized tissue. Each pouch was fixed, embedded, sectioned and processed for hematoxylin and eosin staining. The ALP value of the DBM/HA putty was higher than those of HA and control (p < 0.05, each). The expression of ALP mRNA appeared higher on the DBM/HA putty than on HA and control. MicroCT and histology examinations of the DBM/HA putty demonstrated the presence of newly generated mineralized tissues but there was no mineralized tissue in the HA cases. In conclusion, the DBM/HA putty indicated osteoblastic differentiation in vitro and showed ectopic mineralized tissue formation in the rat abdominal pouch model. These findings indicate that the DBM/HA putty can retain its oteoinductivity and HA can be used as a carrier of DBM.

  7. Roles of MAPK/ERK signaling pathway in the growth inhibition of an established A431 xenograft tumor in nude mice by resveratrol%MAPK/ERK信号转导通路在白藜芦醇抑制A431细胞株裸鼠移植瘤生长中的作用机制研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郝玉琴; 黄维星; 宁晓洪; 冯红霞; 张国惠; 李衡贵; 郝春光

    2013-01-01

    evaluate the effect of resveratrol on the growth of an established A431 xenogratt tumor in nude mice.Methods The model of human skin squamous cell carcinoma was established by inoculating A431 cells in log-phase growth into the left axillary fossa of Balb/c (nu/nu) nude mice.After 7-8 days,60 mice bearing human A431 skin squamous cell carcinoma xenografts were randomly and equally divided into 6 groups:blank control group receiving no treatment,negative control group treated with intraperitoneal sodium chloride physiological solution,positive control group treated with intraperitoneal cyclophosphamide,high-,medium-and low-dose resveratrol groups treated with intraperitoneal resveratrol of 40,20 and 10 μg per gram body weight per day,respectively.Tumor size was measured at a 4-day interval during the treatment course.After 14-day treatment,the mice were sacrificed.Xenograft tumors were removed from these mice and subjected to weight measurement,pathological examination by hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining and apoptosis detection by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL).Western blot was conducted to quantify the protein expression of apoptosis-related factors,including phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (p-ERK),p53 and caspase 3.Data were processed by SPSS 13.0 software,and statistical analysis was carried out by analysis of variance and Pearson correlation analysis.Results By the end of treatment,the xenograft tumor volume was (1153.56 ± 255.41) mm3,(1001.69 ± 115.08) mm3,(1206.80 ± 175.88) mm3,(1342.28 ± 211.12) mm3,(1642.34 ± 225.85) mm3 and (1564.32 ± 156.49) mm3,and the weight was (1.84 ±0.30) g,(1.72 ± 0.39) g,(1.96 ± 0.40) g,(2.67 ± 0.73) g,(3.16 ± 0.52) g,and (3.33 ± 0.59) g,respectively in the positive control group,high-,medium-and low-dose resveratrol group,negative control group and blank control group.Significant differences were observed in the xenograft tumor volume (F =16.00,P

  8. Looking at Nude Artwork in a Museum Context

    Science.gov (United States)

    Decker, Greg

    2004-01-01

    In an increasingly religious culture, and with museum audiences with large populations of children, nude artworks continue to be cultural lightning rods, generating controversy--sometimes disliked, feared or misunderstood. As a figurative painter who paints nudes, and more importantly as a Teaching Artist who deals with nudity in classroom or…

  9. 寡脱氧核苷酸致敏树突状细胞对SKOV -3卵巢癌移植瘤抑瘤作用的研究%Study on the immunosuppressive action of dendritic cells sensitized by CpG ODN on human SKOV -3 ovarian carcinoma xenografts in nude mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶明殊; 李娜; 黄秀敏

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the immunosuppressive action of dendritic cells (DCs) sensitized by oligonucleotides containing " un - methylated cytimidine - phosphodiester bond - guanylie acid" motif (CpG ODN) on human ovarian carcinoma xenografts in nude mice. Methods: Human peripheral blood -derived dendritic cells were isolated and co - incubated with CpG ODN2006, CA125, or CPG OND + CA125. T cells were obtained from DCs, and the suspensions of different groups of pulsed DCs were co - incubated with T cells. The cytotoxic T lymphocyte ( CTL) reaction were used to detect the proliferating activity of T cells. Ovarian carcinoma cells of the line SKOV - 3 were added into the culture fluid of T cells induced by different groups of DCs. MTT colorimetry were performed to calculate the killing activity. Then nude mice bearing SKOV - 3 transplanting tumor were immuned with the activated T cells by intraperitoneal injection, and tumor growth was observed. Results: Human peripheral blood - derived dendritic cells were activated significantly by CpG ODN2006 associated with CA125 in vitro. The activated DCs promoted the proliferation of T cells, and there was significant difference with impulsed DC and CA125 - pulsed DC (all P <0.01) . CTLs induced by CpG ODN + CA125 - pulsed DC appeared stronger specific cytotoxicity on SKOV3 cells than those by CpG ODN - pulsed DC, CA125 - pulsed DC and impulsed DC at the same effectors: target ratios ( all P < 0. 01). More marked growth inhibition of SKOV -3 transplanting tumor was observed in CpG OND + CA125 - pulsed group than CpG ODN - pulsed and CA125 -pulsed groups (PCpGODN <0. 05, PCA125 <0. 01) in vivo. Conclusion: DCs sensitized by CpG ODN + CA125 can inhibit the growth of ovarian carcinoma. It may provide a new alternative for the immunotherapy of ovarian carcinoma.%目的:探讨含未甲基化胞嘧啶-磷酸二酯键-鸟嘌呤(CpG)基序的寡脱氧核苷酸(CpG ODN)致敏树突状细胞(DCs)对裸鼠人卵巢癌移植瘤生长

  10. 荷人结肠癌裸鼠注射负载超顺磁性氧化铁聚合物纳米囊泡后的MRI表现%The MRI study of supraparamagnetic ironic oxide loaded polymeric nano-vesicles in human colonic carcinoma xenograft in nude mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯仕庭; 李皓; 孙灿辉; 蔡华崧; 周健; 帅心涛; 李子平; 孟悛非

    2011-01-01

    Objective To synthesize the hydrophobic supraparamagnetic ironic oxide(SPIO) loaded and hydrophilic SPIO loaded polymeric nano-vesicles and to investigate the feasibility of using hydrophobic SPIO loaded and hydrophilic SPIO loaded polymeric nano-vesicles to display the tumor in MRI in vivo through animal experiments. Methods The polymeric nano-vesicles were prepared from poly (D, L-lactic acid) (PDLLA) and poly (ethylene glycol) (PEG) by a multiple emulsion/solvent evaporation method.The hydrophobic SPIO and hydrophilic SPIO were loaded in the polymeric nano-vesicles respectively.Eighteen nude mice models with human colorectal carcinoma xenograft were established. They were divided equally into three groups (n = 6). The three groups of nude mice models were injected with water-soluble SPIO, hydrophobic SPIO loaded and hydrophilic SPIO loaded vesicle via the mice caudal vein respectively.Dynamic MRI scan were performed in all the mice models. T2WI signal intensity and T2 relaxation time were measured in the tumor, liver and muscle by using T2 mapping software. ANOVA of repeated measurement was used to analyze if there were significant differences of signal intensity changes among the three groups, while Bonferroni method was used for pair-wise comparison. Results On T2 WI, tumors showed decrease in signal intensity after hydrophobic or hydrophilic SPIO loaded polymeric nano-vesicle injection, while no signal intensity decrease was found in the tumor after water-soluble SPIO administration. The maximum percentage of signal intensity decrease in tumor caused by hydrophobic SPIO loaded and hydrophilic SPIO loaded vesicle were 11.00%, 11.40%, respectively. There was statistical significant difference of signal intensity changes among these three groups (F = 10. 96, P < 0. 01). The decrease in signal intensity in the groups with hydrophilic or hydrophobic SPIO loaded polymeric nano-vesicles injection were more pronounced as compared with that of water-soluble SPIO (P

  11. OB glue paste technique for establishing nude mouse human gastric cancer orthotopic transplantation models

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jun Shi; Guo-Jing Zheng; Xiao-Mei Su; Ya-Lin Chen; Yan-Fang Liu; Ling Xu; Pin-Kang Wei; Shen Zhang; Zhi-Feng Qin; Jun Li; Da-Zhi Sun; Yan Xiao; Zhi-Hong Yu; Hui-Ming Lin

    2008-01-01

    AIM: To establish nude mouse human gastric cancer orthotopic transplantation models using OB glue paste technique.METHODS: Using OB glue paste technique,orthtopic transplantation models were established by implanting SGC-7901 and MKN-45 human gastric cancer cell strains into the gastric wall of nude mice.Biological features,growth of the implanted tumors,the success rate of transplantation and the rate of auto-metastasis of the two models were observed.RESULTS: The success rates of orthotopic transplantation of the two models were 94.20% and 96%.The rates of hepatic metastasis,pulmonary metastasis,peritoneal metastasis,lymphocytic metastasis and splenic metastasis were 42.13% and 94.20%,48.43% and 57.97%,30.83% and 36.96%,67.30% and 84.06%,and 59.75% and 10.53%,respectively.The occurrence of ascites was 47.80% and 36.96%.CONCLUSION: OB glue paste technique is easy to follow.The biological behaviors of the nude mouse human gastric cancer orthotopic transplantation models established with this technique are similar to the natural processes of growth and metastasis of human gastric cancer,and,therefore,can be used as an ideal model for experimental research of proliferative metastasis of tumors.

  12. Quantitative studies of lymphoid organs, blood and lymph in inbred athymic and euthymic LEW rats under germfree and specified-pathogen-free conditions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klausen, B; Hougen, H P

    1987-01-01

    Four groups of inbred male LEW rats were examined: A, germfree athymic; B, specified pathogen free (SPF) athymic; C, germfree euthymic; D, SPF euthymic. All animals were killed at 18 weeks and compared with respect to body weight, histological appearance and cell density of the lymphoid organs...

  13. Lack of transmission of murine norovirus to mice via in vitro fertilization, intracytoplasmic sperm injection, and ovary transplantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raspa, Marcello; Mahabir, Esther; Fray, Martin; Volland, Ruth; Scavizzi, Ferdinando

    2016-07-15

    Since its discovery in 2003, murine norovirus (MNV) is still endemic in many rodent animal facilities. Our aim was to determine the risk of transmission of MNV (91% homology to MNV3) to embryo recipients and pups via assisted reproductive technologies, especially those which compromise the integrity of the zona pellucida. In vitro fertilization (IVF), assisted in vitro fertilization (AIVF) with reduced glutathione, intracytoplasmic sperm injection, and ovary transplantation were performed. Murine norovirus was detected by qualitative and quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. After natural infection of immunocompetent C57BL/6NTacCnrm and immunodeficient athymic nude mice with MNV, the mesenteric lymph nodes, small intestine, spleen, liver, lung, brain, ovary, and testis were infected at specific intervals for more than a 1-year period. At Week 12, the number of viral genomes per milligram of gonad from both strains was 20 to 50. Murine norovirus strictly adhered to spermatozoa collected from infected mice because three washes did not remove MNV from the sperm. After using MNV-positive sperm for IVF, AIVF, and intracytoplasmic sperm injection, 27 to 30 genomes were detected in IVF (n = 100) and AIVF (n = 100) embryos from both mouse strains. Approximately 87% of MNV detected in these embryos was found in the zona pellucida. However, all embryo transfer recipients, pups, and ovary recipients were MNV-negative. The results indicate that manipulation of the germplasm through assisted reproductive technologies did not lead to transmission of MNV to mice. This may be because of the absence of an infectious dose or failure of the MNV strain to replicate effectively in developing embryos and the reproductive tract. PMID:26972226

  14. In Vivo CEST MR imaging of U87 mice brain tumor angiogenesis using targeted LipoCEST contrast agent at 7 T

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    LipoCEST are liposome-encapsulating paramagnetic contrast agents (CA) based on chemical exchange saturation transfer with applications in bio-molecular MRI. Their attractive features include biocompatibility, sub-nanomolar sensitivity, and amenability to functionalization for targeting bio-markers. We demonstrate MR imaging using a targeted lipoCEST, injected intravenously. A lipoCEST carrying Tm(III)-complexes was conjugated to RGD tripeptide (RGD-lipoCEST), to target integrin αv,β3 receptors involved in tumor angiogenesis and was compared with an unconjugated lipoCEST. Brain tumors were induced in athymic nude mice by intracerebral injection of U87MG cells and were imaged at 7 T after intravenous injection of either of the two contrast agents (n = 12 for each group). Chemical exchange saturation transfer-MSME sequence was applied over 2 h with an average acquisition time interval of 13.5 min. The chemical exchange saturation transfer signal was ∼1% in the tumor and controlateral regions, and decreased to ∼0.3% after 2 h; while RGD-lipoCEST signal was ∼1.4% in the tumor region and persisted for up to 2 h. Immunohistochemical staining revealed a persistent co-localization of RGD-lipoCEST with αv,β3 receptors in the tumor region. These results constitute an encouraging step toward in vivo MRI imaging of tumor angiogenesis using intravenously injected lipoCEST. (authors)

  15. Tumor penetration with intact MAb and fragments demonstrated in vitro on tumor spheroids and in vivo in the nude mouse model

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tumor spheroids grown in culture represent a good in vitro model for the study of tumor penetration phenomena of potential radiotherapeutics. Using this system, it was found that Fab-fragments penetrate tumors more quickly and deeply than complete antibodies. These results were confirmed in tumor bearing nephrectomized nude mice

  16. 磁性纳米氧化铁颗粒在人肝癌Bel7402细胞裸鼠模型中的定向浓集及其生物学效应%Investigation on the migration and biologic effects of nano FeOx powders under the exposure of extremely low frequency altering electric magnetic fiek in human heptoma-bearing nude mice in vivo

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    居会祥; 戴真煜; 孙明忠

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the mechanism and biologic effects of 37 nm magnetic nano FeOx powders (MNPs) on human hepatoma-bearing nude mice. Methods 37 nm MNPs were prepared by coprecipitation methods and then injected into human hepatoma (Bel-7402) bearing-nude mice through the tail vein. After injection of MNPs, the mice were first exposed under static magnetic field and then treated under extremely low frequency altering-electric magnetic field directing to the tumor area. The migration and trafficking of MNPs were determined by MMR. Tumor growth was monitored with calipers every 5 days and rumor volume was calculated on the basis of three-dimensioned measurements. The apoptosis of tumor cells was analyzed by flow cytometry analysis. The expressions of apoptosis-associated proteins Bcl-2, Bax and HSP27 were determined using western-blot analysis. Results Static magnetic field could direct the migration and trafficking of MNPs to the tumor site with a higher ratio of 98.9%. Extremely Low Frequency Electric-Magnetic Field (EMF) treatment could inhibit the proliferation of tumor cells and prolong the survive time of tumor-bearing mice injected with MNPs. In addition, the survival time of tumor-bearing mice and percentages of prohibition on tumor cell growth were 27.4 ± 0.7 days and 37.5 ± 0.8%( F = 0.005, P < 0.05), respectively.The results of flow cytometry analyses showed that about 18. 1士 0.6% ( F = 0.030, P < 0.05) of tumor cells were induced into early apoptosis. Furthermore, expressions of apoptosis-associated proteins Bcl-2 and Bax were significantly induced by MNPs under EMF treatment. The ratio of Bcl/Bax in both MNPs and EMF treatment 0.05). Heat shock protein-27 (Hsp-27) was not significantly induced in different treatment groups. Conclusion Injection of MNPs with EMF exposure on human hepatoma-bearing nude mice could significantly prolong the survival time, inhibit the tumor proliferation and growth. and induce tumor cells into apoptosis.%目的

  17. Targeting surface nucleolin with a multivalent pseudopeptide delays development of spontaneous melanoma in RET transgenic mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The importance of cell-surface nucleolin in cancer biology was recently highlighted by studies showing that ligands of nucleolin play critical role in tumorigenesis and angiogenesis. By using a specific antagonist that binds the C-terminal tail of nucleolin, the HB-19 pseudopeptide, we recently reported that HB-19 treatment markedly suppressed the progression of established human breast tumor cell xenografts in the athymic nude mice without apparent toxicity. The in vivo antitumoral action of HB-19 treatment was assessed on the spontaneous development of melanoma in the RET transgenic mouse model. Ten days old RET mice were treated with HB-19 in a prophylactic setting that extended 300 days. In parallel, the molecular basis for the action of HB-19 was investigated on a melanoma cell line (called TIII) derived from a cutaneous nodule of a RET mouse. HB-19 treatment of RET mice caused a significant delay in the onset of cutaneous tumors, several-months delay in the incidence of large tumors, a lower frequency of cutaneous nodules, and a reduction of visceral metastatic nodules while displaying no toxicity to normal tissue. Moreover, microvessel density was significantly reduced in tumors recovered from HB-19 treated mice compared to corresponding controls. Studies on the melanoma-derived tumor cells demonstrated that HB-19 treatment of TIII cells could restore contact inhibition, impair anchorage-independent growth, and reduce their tumorigenic potential in mice. Moreover, HB-19 treatment caused selective down regulation of transcripts coding matrix metalloproteinase 2 and 9, and tumor necrosis factor-α in the TIII cells and in melanoma tumors of RET mice. Although HB-19 treatment failed to prevent the development of spontaneous melanoma in the RET mice, it delayed for several months the onset and frequency of cutaneous tumors, and exerted a significant inhibitory effect on visceral metastasis. Consequently, HB-19 could provide a novel therapeutic agent by itself or

  18. Targeting surface nucleolin with a multivalent pseudopeptide delays development of spontaneous melanoma in RET transgenic mice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Briand Jean-Paul

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The importance of cell-surface nucleolin in cancer biology was recently highlighted by studies showing that ligands of nucleolin play critical role in tumorigenesis and angiogenesis. By using a specific antagonist that binds the C-terminal tail of nucleolin, the HB-19 pseudopeptide, we recently reported that HB-19 treatment markedly suppressed the progression of established human breast tumor cell xenografts in the athymic nude mice without apparent toxicity. Methods The in vivo antitumoral action of HB-19 treatment was assessed on the spontaneous development of melanoma in the RET transgenic mouse model. Ten days old RET mice were treated with HB-19 in a prophylactic setting that extended 300 days. In parallel, the molecular basis for the action of HB-19 was investigated on a melanoma cell line (called TIII derived from a cutaneous nodule of a RET mouse. Results HB-19 treatment of RET mice caused a significant delay in the onset of cutaneous tumors, several-months delay in the incidence of large tumors, a lower frequency of cutaneous nodules, and a reduction of visceral metastatic nodules while displaying no toxicity to normal tissue. Moreover, microvessel density was significantly reduced in tumors recovered from HB-19 treated mice compared to corresponding controls. Studies on the melanoma-derived tumor cells demonstrated that HB-19 treatment of TIII cells could restore contact inhibition, impair anchorage-independent growth, and reduce their tumorigenic potential in mice. Moreover, HB-19 treatment caused selective down regulation of transcripts coding matrix metalloproteinase 2 and 9, and tumor necrosis factor-α in the TIII cells and in melanoma tumors of RET mice. Conclusions Although HB-19 treatment failed to prevent the development of spontaneous melanoma in the RET mice, it delayed for several months the onset and frequency of cutaneous tumors, and exerted a significant inhibitory effect on visceral metastasis

  19. Effects of microporous porcine acellular dermal matrix combined with bone marrow mesenchymal cells of rats on the regeneration of cutaneous appendages cells in nude mice%微孔化猪脱细胞真皮基质与大鼠骨髓间充质细胞对裸鼠皮肤附件细胞再生的作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗旭; 辛国华; 曾逃方; 林才; 曾元临; 李郁葱; 邱泽亮

    2013-01-01

    色清亮渗液;A、D组均未见明显脓性分泌物.B、C组皮片外观与周围皮肤颜色接近.(5)移植术后5、7 d,A、B、C组真皮基质的微孔结构中已见血管化,其内可见有形红细胞;D组移植皮片部分干燥坏死.移植术后14 d,A、B、C组真皮基质的微孔结构中已完全血管化,其内可见大量的红细胞.纵切片中,A组微孔真皮基质成活,但与其上所覆盖的无孔猪ADM未紧密结合;B、C组皮片与真皮基质间连接紧密,皮片中均未见皮肤附属器,C组创面皮片与真皮基质交接处可见特殊的单层细胞.(6)D组移植皮片末能成活,故放弃电镜观察.移植术后7d,A、B、C组透射电镜图片未见明显差别.移植术后14 d,A、B组移植物中未见皮脂腺样及汗腺样细胞,也未见新生神经末梢,仅见Fb迁入.C组创面刃厚皮与真皮基质交接处可见大量新生毛细血管增生,Fb粗面内质网分裂增殖旺盛,可见新生的无髓神经末梢;在真皮基质浅层,出现单个游离的皮脂腺样及汗腺样细胞 结论 LPADM为骨髓间充质细胞群的迁移和分化提供了“干细胞龛”样微环境,联合刃厚皮片移植可在体诱导外源性BMSC分化,实现部分皮肤附件的重建.%Objective To observe the effects of microporous porcine acellular dermal matrix (ADM) combined with bone marrow mesenchymal cells (BMMCs) population containing bone mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) of rats on the regeneration of cutaneous appendages cells in nude mice.Methods Split-thickness dermal grafts,20 cm × 10 cm in size and 0.3 mm in thickness,were prepared from a healthy pig which was sacrificed under sanitary condition.Laser microporous porcine ADM (LPADM) was produced by laser punching,hypertonic saline solution acellular method,and crosslinking treatment,and nonporous porcine ADM (NPADM) was produced by the latter two procedures.Then the appearance observation,histological examination and scanning electron microscope observation were

  20. Anti-asialo GM1 antibodies prevents guanethidine-induced sympathectomy in athymic rats

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thygesen, P; Hougen, H P; Christensen, H B; Rygaard, J; Svendsen, O; Juul, P

    Guanethidine sulphate induces destruction of peripheral sympathetic neurons and infiltration of mononuclear cells in rat sympathetic ganglia. The effect of guanethidine is believed to be an autoimmune reaction. In order to determine the effect of anti-asialo GM1, an antibody that binds to the...... glycolipid asialo GM1 expressed on rodent natural killer cells, athymic Lewis rats received guanethidine 40 mg/kg i.p. daily from day 1 to 14 and anti-asialo GM1 i.p. 1 mg/rat on day -2, 0, 2, 6, and 10 in the study period. Saline and anti-asialo GM1 were given alone in the same doses as control. The number...... of neurons in the sympathetic ganglia were counted and the ganglionic volume determined. The presence of natural killer cells in the ganglia were determined by immunohistochemical methods. Our results shows that anti-asialo GM1 can prevent guanethidine-induced reduction of sympathetic neurons, but...

  1. Effects of siRNA targeting androgen receptor gene by electroporation on human bladder cancer xenografts in nude mice%电穿孔法介导雄激素受体基因沉默抑制裸鼠膀胱癌移植瘤生长的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩邦旻; 吴吉涛; 崔迪; 荆翌峰; 赵福军; 洪艳; 夏术阶

    2011-01-01

    目的 观察电穿孔法转染靶向雄激素受体(AR)的小干扰RNA(siRNA)对裸鼠人膀胱癌移植瘤生长的影响.方法 建立人膀胱癌细胞124的荷瘤裸鼠模型,于肿瘤直径0.5 cm大小时,瘤体接受AR-siRNA的电转染治疗,转染无效序列siRNA为阴性对照组,瘤体未受电穿击为空白对照组.观察裸鼠肿瘤生长;4周后处死,绘制肿瘤生长曲线;肿瘤组织石蜡包埋,常规切片,TUNEL法检测移植瘤凋亡.结果 电转染AR-siRNA后瘤体组织AR基因的表达显著被抑制,也能明显抑制裸鼠移植瘤的生长;TUNEL检测凋亡率为(13.1±6.9)%,显著高于阴性对照组(P<0.01).结论 电穿孔法靶向AR的siRNA可有效阻断种植瘤内AR表达,阻断雄激素受体途经信号传导,进而诱导细胞凋亡,能明显抑制人膀胱癌裸鼠皮下移植瘤的生长.%Objective To investigate the antitumor efficacy of small interfering RNA (siRNA)mediated inhibition of androgen receptor (AR) gene expression in T24 bladder tumor xenografts using electroporation. Methods Athymic mouse human bladder cancer transplantation tumor model was established by injecting T24 cells subcutaneously. When tumor diameter was exceeded 0. 5 cm, AR-siRNA was deliered into tumor xenografts by electroporation. The cells with nonspecific siRNA delivery and un-treatment served as control groups. Tumor volumes were measured weekly. The animals were sacrificed after the treatments, and the histological changes of xenografts were observed by Hematoxylin and Eosin ( HE) staining and TUNEL assay. Results The athymic mouse exnograft tumor model was established successfully.After AR-siRNA treatment, tumor growth was inhibited as compared with the controls. The number of TUNEL-positive cells was significantly increased in AR-siRNA group as compared with the nonspecific siRNA group ( P < 0. 01). Conclusion siRNA targeting AR gene could inhibit obviously the growth of athymic mouse human T24 bladder carcinoma transplantation

  2. Regulation of estrogen receptors α and β in human breast carcinoma by exogenous leptin in nude mouse xenograft model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YU Wei; GU Jun-chao; LIU Jian-zhong; WANG Shao-hong; WANG Yu; ZHANG Zhong-tao; MA Xue-mei; SONG Mao-min

    2010-01-01

    Background It is essential to clarify the interactions of hormones during the progression of human breast cancer. This study examined the effects of exogenous human leptin on estrogen receptor (ER) α and β in human breast tumor tissue in a nude mouse xenograft model.Methods We created nude mice xenografts of MCF-7 human breast cancer cells, and randomly divided them into an experimental group and a control group. The mice in experimental group were injected subcutaneously around tumors with human leptin, while the control group were injected with the same dose of normal saline. A real-time RT-PCR assay was developed to quantify the mRNA of Erα,β in the tumor tissues. Western blotting analyses were used to assess the relative quantities of the Erα,β proteins.Results Leptin-treated xenografted nude mice were successfully established. The amount of Era mRNA was significantly higher in the leptin group than in the control group (P<0.01), while the amount of Erβ mRNA was significantly lower in the leptin group than in the control group (P<0.01). Western blotting analyses revealed that the Erα protein level was significantly higher in the leptin group than in the control group (P<0.01), while the Erβ protein level was significantly lower in the leptin group than in the control group (P <0.01).Conclusions Nude mouse xenograft model can be safely and serviceably treated with human leptin by subcutaneous injections around tumor. Erα,β were both targets of leptin in breast cancer. Leptin can up-regulate the expression of Erα and down-regulate the expression of the Erβ in human breast tumor.

  3. 5-氨基酮戊酸-光动力学疗法治疗荷瘤裸鼠宫颈癌的实验研究%Effects of 5-aminolevulinic acid photodynamic therapy on cervical cancer: in vivo experiment with nude mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺桂芳; 卞美璐; 赵亚薇; 向青; 李红艳; 肖诚

    2008-01-01

    Objective To study the effects of 5-aminolevulinic acid photodynamie therapy(ALAPDT)on human cervical cancer,and to identify the best administration regimen with the least phototoxic reaction.Methods Seventy-two BALB/c nude mice underwent subcutaneous iniection of human cervical cancer cells of the line Mel 80 so as to establish animal models,and then randomly divided into 6 equal groups:pure topical administration group(undergoing injection of ALA 60 mg/kg around the tumor),pure intravendus administration group(undergoing injection of ALA 250 mg/kg into the caudal vein),topical administration and PDT group ( undergoing injection of AIJA 60 mg/kg around the tumor and radiotherapy of 630 nm He-Ne laser 6 h after the drug administration),intravenous administration and PDT group (undergoing injection of ALA 250 mg/kg into the caudal vein and radiotherapy of 630 nm He-Ne laser 6 h after the drug administration),and control group(undergoing none of the treatment).24 h later 6 mice from each group were killed with their tumors taken out.On the days 3,7,14,and 21 after treatment the remaining mice underwent measurement of the tumor size.HE staining and pathological examination were performed.Immunohistochemical study was conducted to detect the protein expression of the apoptosis-inhibiting genes of survivin and vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF).RT-PCR was used to detect the mRNA expression of the apoptosis-inhibiting gene of Bcl-2 and apoptosis-promoting genes of P53,Bax,and Bad.Results The tumor volnines after treatment of the pure topical administration and pure eaudal vein administration groups were(0.09±0.02)cm3 and(0.14±0.04)cm3 respectively,both significantly smaller than that of the control group [(0.67±0.06)cm3,both P<0.01 ].The tumor volume of the pure topical administration group 7~14 days after treatment was the smallest.HE staining showed remarkable sabcutaneous necrosis in the 2 PDT groups.Immunohistochemistry showed remarkable down

  4. Baring the soul: Paul Bindrim, Abraham Maslow and 'nude psychotherapy'.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nicholson, Ian

    2007-01-01

    Nude psychotherapy is one of the most flamboyant therapeutic techniques ever developed in American psychology. Largely forgotten today, the therapy was an academic and popular sensation upon its introduction in 1967. Developed by psychologist Paul Bindrim, the therapy promised to guide clients to their authentic selves through the systematic removal of clothing. This paper explores the intellectual, cultural and ethical context of nude therapy and its significance as a form of unchurched spirituality. Although nude therapy has an indisputable tabloid character, it is also rooted in a long-standing academic search for authenticity and ultimate meaning through science. Bindrim's career demonstrates the historically long-standing interweaving of spirituality and science within American psychology while simultaneously highlighting the field's extraordinary capacity for adaptive reinvention. PMID:17912714

  5. Radioimmunodetection of human choriocarcinoma xenograft in nude mouse

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Objective: To study the efficiency of radioimmuno-detection in locating the xenograft of human chorio-carcinoma in nude mouse. Methods: Radioimmuno-detection was performed using cocktail antibodies of 131I-labeled mouse anti-human chorionic gonadotropin monoclonal antibodies to locate the xenograft of human choriocarcinoma in nude mouse. Radioactivity in different tissues was measured and the tumor/non-tumor ratio was calculated. Normal mouse IgG was used as control IgG. Results: The accumulation of radioactivity in the xenograft area could be recognized as early as 24 h after the injection of the radiolabelled antibodies. 72-96 h after the injection, the xenograft could be clearly shown. The minimal shown xenograft was 0.8 cm in diameter. The tumor/non-tumor ratio increased with the time and was obviously higher than that in control group. Conclusion: Radioimmunodetection can efficiently locate human choriocarcinoma xenograft in nude mouse.

  6. Ectasias of the subcapsular sinus in lymph nodes of athymic and euthymic rats, a relation to immunodeficiency

    OpenAIRE

    Sainte-Marie, G; Peng, F S; Guay, G.

    1997-01-01

    This paper describes a morphologically unusual feature occurring in lymph nodes of some aged euthymic animals but mostly athymic animals. It initially consists of small alveole-like excrescences of the cortical wall of the subcapsular sinus. With dilatation, an excrescence becomes an ectasia which expands into the cortex. Observations suggest that ectasias enlarge under the influence of an increased pressure of the afferent lymph of a node. Such condition conce...

  7. Effects of darbufelone on the growth of tumor xenograft with SGC-7901 gastric cancer cells in nude mouse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiao-meng XU

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Objective To evaluate the effect of darbufelone,a 5-lipoxygenase/cyclooxygenase-2(5-LOX/COX-2 dual inhibitor,on the growth of subcutaneous tumor xenograft of SGC-7901 gastric cancer cells and its mechanism.Methods The xenograft model of human gastric carcinoma with SGC-7901 gastric cancer cells was reproduced in nude mice.Fourteen nude mice were randomly divided into the darbufelone group and the control group(7 each.The mice were consecutively given intragastric administration with 45mg/(kg d darbufelone in darbufelone group,or NS in control group for 4 weeks.The tumor volume in each group was measured regularly,and the tumor growth inhibition was calculated.The xenograft,liver,kidneys,spleen and lungs of nude mice were observed pathologically after HE staining.The expressions of mRNA and protein of 5-LOX,COX-2,PCNA,Bcl-2 and caspase-3 in transplanted tumor were detected by RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry.Results Darbufelone showed significant inhibitory effects,with an inhibition ratio of 58.42%,on the growth of tumor xenograft in vivo.The volume and weight of tumor in darbufelone group decreased significantly compared with that in control group(P < 0.05.Darbufelone inhibited the growth of tumor xenograft with no adverse effect.Immunohistochemistry and RT-PCR analyses showed that darbufelone effectively inhibited the expression of mRNA and protein of 5-LOX,COX-2,PCNA,Bcl-2,while increased the expression of caspase-3 compared with that in the control group(P < 0.05.Conclusions Darbufelone can inhibit the growth of gastric carcinoma in vivo,the mechanism may be related to inhibition of growth of cancer cells and the induction of apoptosis.

  8. Immunity to Schistosoma mansoni in congenitally athymic, irradiated and mast cell-depleted rats

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ford, M.J.; Bickle, Q.D.; Taylor, M.G.

    1987-04-01

    Immunity to Schistosoma mansoni was investigated in congenitally athymic (Nu/Nu) rats, irradiated rats and in mast cell-depleted rats. Nu/Nu rats failed to develop significant resistance following vaccination with irradiated cercariae, although Nu/Nu recipients of serum from vaccinated Fischer rats (VRS) manifested resistance comparable to heterozygous controls, suggesting that T-cells were required in the induction of resistance but were not involved in the efferent arm of antibody-dependent elimination. Radiosensitive cells (including eosinophils, basophils, neutrophils, lymphocytes and mast cells) were apparently not essential for the antibody-dependent elimination of lung or post-lung stages since irradiated (700-750 rad.) recipients of VRS manifested comparable degrees of resistance to unirradiated controls in spite of a greater than 85% reduction in total blood leucocyte counts after irradiation. Depletion of 99% of tissue mast cells by treatment of rats with Compound 48/80 had no significant effect on the attrition of a challenge infection in rats rendered immune by vaccination with irradiated cercariae or by transfer of VRS. However, there was a significant increase in worm recovery in unimmunized and mast cell-depleted or irradiated rats, indicating that mast cells and perhaps other radio-isotope sensitive cells may be involved in innate resistance.

  9. Immunity to Schistosoma mansoni in congenitally athymic, irradiated and mast cell-depleted rats

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Immunity to Schistosoma mansoni was investigated in congenitally athymic (Nu/Nu) rats, irradiated rats and in mast cell-depleted rats. Nu/Nu rats failed to develop significant resistance following vaccination with irradiated cercariae, although Nu/Nu recipients of serum from vaccinated Fischer rats (VRS) manifested resistance comparable to heterozygous controls, suggesting that T-cells were required in the induction of resistance but were not involved in the efferent arm of antibody-dependent elimination. Radiosensitive cells (including eosinophils, basophils, neutrophils, lymphocytes and mast cells) were apparently not essential for the antibody-dependent elimination of lung or post-lung stages since irradiated (700-750 rad.) recipients of VRS manifested comparable degrees of resistance to unirradiated controls in spite of a greater than 85% reduction in total blood leucocyte counts after irradiation. Depletion of 99% of tissue mast cells by treatment of rats with Compound 48/80 had no significant effect on the attrition of a challenge infection in rats rendered immune by vaccination with irradiated cercariae or by transfer of VRS. However, there was a significant increase in worm recovery in unimmunized and mast cell-depleted or irradiated rats, indicating that mast cells and perhaps other radio-isotope sensitive cells may be involved in innate resistance. (author)

  10. Correlation of MRI Biomarkers with Tumor Necrosis in Hras5 Tumor Xenograft in Athymic Rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel P. Bradley

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI can measure the effects of therapies targeting the tumor vasculature and has demonstrated that vascular-damaging agents (VDA induce acute vascular shutdown in tumors in human and animal models. However, at subtherapeutic doses, blood flow may recover before the induction of significant levels of necrosis. We present the relationship between changes in MRI biomarkers and tumor necrosis. Multiple MRI measurements were taken at 4.7 T in athymic rats (n = 24 bearing 1.94 ± 0.2-cm3 subcutaneous Hras5 tumors (ATCC 41000 before and 24 hours after clinically relevant doses of the VDA, ZD6126 (0-10 mg/kg, i.v.. We measured effective transverse relaxation rate (R2*, initial area under the gadolinium concentration-time curve (IAUGC60/150, equivalent enhancing fractions (EHF60/150, time constant (Ktrans, proportion of hypoperfused voxels as estimated from fit failures in Ktrans analysis, and signal intensity (SI in T2-weighted MRI (T2W. ZD6126 treatment induced < 90% dose-dependent tumor necrosis at 10 mg/kg; correspondingly, SI changes were evident from T2W MRI. Although R2* did not correlate, other MRI biomarkers significantly correlated with necrosis at doses of ≥ 5 mg/kg ZD6126. These data on Hras5 tumors suggest that the quantification of hypoperfused voxels might provide a useful biomarker of tumor necrosis.

  11. Athymic rat model for evaluation of engineered anterior cruciate ligament grafts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leong, Natalie L; Kabir, Nima; Arshi, Armin; Nazemi, Azadeh; Wu, Ben M; McAllister, David R; Petrigliano, Frank A

    2015-01-01

    Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture is a common ligamentous injury that often requires surgery because the ACL does not heal well without intervention. Current treatment strategies include ligament reconstruction with either autograft or allograft, which each have their associated limitations. Thus, there is interest in designing a tissue-engineered graft for use in ACL reconstruction. We describe the fabrication of an electrospun polymer graft for use in ACL tissue engineering. This polycaprolactone graft is biocompatible, biodegradable, porous, and is comprised of aligned fibers. Because an animal model is necessary to evaluate such a graft, this paper describes an intra-articular athymic rat model of ACL reconstruction that can be used to evaluate engineered grafts, including those seeded with xenogeneic cells. Representative histology and biomechanical testing results at 16 weeks postoperatively are presented, with grafts tested immediately post-implantation and contralateral native ACLs serving as controls. The present study provides a reproducible animal model with which to evaluate tissue engineered ACL grafts, and demonstrates the potential of a regenerative medicine approach to treatment of ACL rupture. PMID:25867958

  12. Pc 4 photodynamic therapy of U87 (human glioma) orthotopic tumor in nude rat brain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dean, David; George, John E., III; Ahmad, Yusra; Wolfe, Michael S.; Lilge, Lothar; Morris, Rachel L.; Peterson, Allyn; Lust, W. D.; Totonchi, Ali; Varghai, Davood; Li, Xiaolin; Hoppel, Charles L.; Sun, Jiayang; Oleinick, Nancy L.

    2005-04-01

    Introduction: Photodynamic therapy (PDT) for Barrett"s esophagus, advanced esophageal cancer, and both early and late inoperable lung carcinoma is now FDA-approved using the first generation photosensitizer PhotofrinTM (Axcan Pharma, Birmingham, AL). Photofrin-mediated PDT of glioma is now in Phase III clinical trials. A variety of second generation photosensitizers have been developed to provide improved: (1) specificity for the target tissue, (2) tumoricidal capability, and (3) rapid clearance the vascular compartment, skin, and eyes. The phthalocyanine Pc 4 is a second generation photosensitizer that is in early phase I clinical trials for skin cancer. We have undertaken a preclinical study that seeks to determine if Pc 4-mediated PDT can be of benefit for the intra-operative localization and treatment of glioma. Methods: Using a stereotactic frame, 250,000 U87 cells were injected via Hamilton syringe through a craniotomy, and the dura, 1-2 mm below the cortical surface of nude (athymic) rat brains (N=91). The craniotomy was filled with a piece of surgical PVC and the scalp closed. After two weeks of tumor growth, the animals received 0.5 mg/kg Pc 4 via tail vein injection. One day later the scalp was re-incised, and the PVC removed. The tumor was then illuminated with either 5 or 30 Joule/cm2 of 672-nm light from a diode laser at 50 mW/cm2. The animals were sacrificed one day later and the brain was cold-perfused with formaldehyde. Two thirds of the explanted brains are now being histologically surveyed for necrosis after staining with hematoxylin and eosin and for apoptosis via immunohistochemistry (i.e., TUNEL assay). The other third were analyzed by HPLC-mass spectrometry for the presence of drug in tumor, normal brain, and plasma at sacrifice. Initial histological results show PDT-induced apoptosis and necrosis confined to the growing (live) portion of the tumor. Preliminary analysis shows an average selectivity of Pc 4 uptake in the bulk tumor to be 3

  13. A Bone Metastasis Nude Mouse Model Created by Ultrasound Guided Intracardiac Injection of Breast Cancer Cells: the Micro-CT, MRI and Bioluminescence Imaging Analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study was to develop a nude mouse model of bone metastasis by performing intracardiac injection of breast cancer cells under ultrasonography guidance and we wanted to evaluate the development and the distribution of metastasis in vivo using micro-CT, MRI and bioluminescence imaging. Animal experiments were performed in 6-week-old female nude mice. The animals underwent left ventricular injection of 2x105 MDA-MB-231Bo-Luc cells. After injection of the tumor cells, serial bioluminescence imaging was performed for 7 weeks. The findings of micro-CT, MRI and the histology were correlated with the 'hot' lesions seen on the bioluminescence imaging. Metastasis was found in 62.3% of the animals. Two weeks after intracardiac injection, metastasis to the brain, spine and femur was detected with bioluminescence imaging with an increasing intensity by week 7. Micro-CT scan confirmed multiple osteolytic lesions at the femur, spine and skull. MRI and the histology were able to show metastasis in the brain and extraskeletal metastasis around the femur. The intracardiac injection of cancer cells under ultrasonography guidance is a safe and highly reproducible method to produce bone metastasis in nude mice. This bone metastasis nude mouse model will be useful to study the mechanism of bone metastasis and to validate new therapeutics

  14. A Bone Metastasis Nude Mouse Model Created by Ultrasound Guided Intracardiac Injection of Breast Cancer Cells: the Micro-CT, MRI and Bioluminescence Imaging Analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, Young Jin; Song, Eun Hye; Kim, Seol Hwa; Song, Ho Taek; Suh, Jin Suck [Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Choi, Sang Hyun [Korean Minjok Leadership Academy, Heongsung (Korea, Republic of)

    2011-01-15

    The purpose of this study was to develop a nude mouse model of bone metastasis by performing intracardiac injection of breast cancer cells under ultrasonography guidance and we wanted to evaluate the development and the distribution of metastasis in vivo using micro-CT, MRI and bioluminescence imaging. Animal experiments were performed in 6-week-old female nude mice. The animals underwent left ventricular injection of 2x105 MDA-MB-231Bo-Luc cells. After injection of the tumor cells, serial bioluminescence imaging was performed for 7 weeks. The findings of micro-CT, MRI and the histology were correlated with the 'hot' lesions seen on the bioluminescence imaging. Metastasis was found in 62.3% of the animals. Two weeks after intracardiac injection, metastasis to the brain, spine and femur was detected with bioluminescence imaging with an increasing intensity by week 7. Micro-CT scan confirmed multiple osteolytic lesions at the femur, spine and skull. MRI and the histology were able to show metastasis in the brain and extraskeletal metastasis around the femur. The intracardiac injection of cancer cells under ultrasonography guidance is a safe and highly reproducible method to produce bone metastasis in nude mice. This bone metastasis nude mouse model will be useful to study the mechanism of bone metastasis and to validate new therapeutics

  15. Anti-tumor effect of eukaryotic expressing plasmid containing soluble tumor necrotic factor-related apoptosis inducing ligand combined with human anginostatin Kringle (1- 3) genes on human gastric cancer xenografts in nude mice%hAG(K1~3)联合肿瘤坏死因子相关凋亡诱导配体基因真核表达质粒对裸胃癌皮下移植瘤的作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙伟; 姜政; 向廷秀; 陶小红; 黄爱龙; 王丕龙

    2009-01-01

    目的 探讨hAG(K1-3)联合肿瘤坏死因子相关凋亡诱导配体(TRAIL)基因在体内对裸鼠胃癌皮下移植瘤的生长抑制作用.方法 通过亚克隆法构建重组质粒pBud-hAG及pBud-hAC-TRAIL,将人胃癌细胞SGC-7901注射裸鼠皮下形成移植瘤,并将移植瘤小鼠随机分为实验组和对照组.实验组包括pBud-hAG组和pBud-hAG-TRAIL组,各5只;对照组包括空质粒(pBud)组和生理盐水组,各5只.然后分别将2种重组质粒分次多点注入实验组移植瘤体内,并与对照组比较,通过检测移植瘤的体积和肿瘤微血管密度(MVD)研究其对肿瘤生长抑制情况及对肿瘤血管密度的影响.结果 pBud-hAG组和pBud-hAG-TRAIL组移植瘤的MVD分别是(4.6±1.2)个/高倍视野(HP)和(4.8±0.9)个/HP(P>0.05),而pBud组和生理盐水组分别是(17.4 ±2.4)个/HP和(18.2±2.7)个/HP,实验组和对照组之间差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).pBud-hAG组和pBud-hAG-TRAIL组的sTRAIL和hAG mRNA及蛋白表达均为阳性,其移植瘤体积分别是(1.862 ±0.017)cm3和(1.325±0.012)cm3(P<0.05),而pBud组和生理盐水组分别是(3.637±0.032)cm3和(3.521 ±0.028)cm3,实验组与对照组差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论 hAG(K1-3)通过抑制血管内皮细胞的生长而抑制肿瘤血管的生成,而TRAIL则通过诱导肿瘤细胞凋亡,从而抑制肿瘤细胞生长,因此hAG(K1-3)联合TRAIL具有更强的抗肿瘤作用.%Objective To investigate the anti-tumor effect of eukaryotic expressing plasmid containing human angiostatin Kringle (1 - 3) [hAG (K1 - 3)] combined with soluble tumor necrotic factor-related apoptosis inducing ligand (sTRAIL) genes on human gastric cancer xenografts in nude mice, Methods Recombinant plasmids of pBud-hAG and pBud-hAG-TRAIL were constructed by subcloning technique. Twenty nude BALB/c mice were inoculated with human gastric cancer ceils of the line BGC-823 subcutaneously into the back. One week later after the appearance of implanted tumors the mice were

  16. Colon carcinogenesis in wild type and immune compromised mice after treatment with azoxymethane, and azoxymethane with dextran sodium sulfate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whetstone, Ryan D; Wittel, Uwe A; Michels, Nicole M; Gulizia, James M; Gold, Barry

    2016-07-01

    The association between inflammation and the risk of colorectal cancer (CRC) is well documented in animal models and in humans, but the mechanistic role of inflammation in CRC is less well understood. To address this question, the induction of colon tumors was evaluated in (i) wild type (WT) and athymic BALB/c mice treated with the colon carcinogen azoxymethane (AOM) as a single agent, and (ii) in an inflammation model of colon cancer employing AOM and dextran sodium sulfate (DSS) in WT, athymic, TCRβ(-/-) , TCRδ(-/-) and TCRβ(-/-) TCRδ(-/-) C57Bl/6 mice. The athymic BALB/c mice treated with only AOM developed 90% fewer tumors than the WT mice. The difference in response was not due to metabolic activation of AOM or repair of DNA adducts. In the inflammation model using a standard sequential exposure to AOM followed by DSS treatment, the tumor incidence in WT mice was 58% with 7 adenomas and 6 adenocarcinomas. In contrast, the TCRβ(-/-) , TCRδ(-/-) and TCRβ(-/-) TCRδ(-/-) C57Bl/6 mice showed adenoma incidences of 10, 33, and 11%, respectively, and none of the immune compromised mice developed adenocarcinomas. When the DSS exposure was increased and the AOM lowered, no difference was observed between WT and TCRβ(-/-) mice due to an increase in the incidence in the TCR null mice without concomitant increase in the WT mice. No tumors were observed in mice treated with AOM or DSS alone. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:26153082

  17. Myxoma virus therapy for human embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma in a nude mouse model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kinn, Veronica G; Hilgenberg, Valerie A; MacNeill, Amy L

    2016-01-01

    Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is a devastating tumor of young people that is difficult to cure. To determine if oncolytic virus therapy can improve outcomes in individuals with RMS, myxoma virus expressing a red fluorescent protein (MYXV-red) was evaluated for antitumoral effects using a murine model of RMS. Fluorescent protein was expressed in four RMS cell lines inoculated with MYXV-red, indicating that these cells were semipermissive to MYXV infection. MYXV-red replication and cytopathic effects were further evaluated using human embryonal RMS (CCL-136) cells. Logarithmic growth of MYXV-red and significant cell death were observed 72 hours after inoculation with MYXV. The oncolytic effects of MYXV-red were then studied in nude mice that were injected subcutaneously with CCL-136 cells to establish RMS xenografts. Once tumors measured 5 mm in diameter, mice were treated with multiple intratumoral injections of MXYV-red or saline. The average final tumor volume and rate of tumor growth were significantly decreased, and median survival time was significantly increased in MYXV-red-treated mice (P-values =0.0416, 0.0037, and 0.0004, respectively). Histologic sections of MYXV-red-treated tumors showed increased inflammation compared to saline-treated tumors (P-value =0.0002). In conclusion, MXYV-red treatment of RMS tumors was successful in individual mice as it resulted in decreased tumor burden in eight of eleven mice with nearly complete tumor remission in five of eleven mice. These data hold promise that MYXV-red treatment may be beneficial for people suffering from RMS. To our knowledge, this is the first report of successful treatment of RMS tumors using an oncolytic poxvirus.

  18. Using X-ray in-line phase-contrast imaging for the investigation of nude mouse hepatic tumors.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qiang Tao

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to report the noninvasive imaging of hepatic tumors without contrast agents. Both normal tissues and tumor tissues can be detected, and tumor tissues in different stages can be classified quantitatively. We implanted BEL-7402 human hepatocellular carcinoma cells into the livers of nude mice and then imaged the livers using X-ray in-line phase-contrast imaging (ILPCI. The projection images' texture feature based on gray level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM and dual-tree complex wavelet transforms (DTCWT were extracted to discriminate normal tissues and tumor tissues. Different stages of hepatic tumors were classified using support vector machines (SVM. Images of livers from nude mice sacrificed 6 days after inoculation with cancer cells show diffuse distribution of the tumor tissue, but images of livers from nude mice sacrificed 9, 12, or 15 days after inoculation with cancer cells show necrotic lumps in the tumor tissue. The results of the principal component analysis (PCA of the texture features based on GLCM of normal regions were positive, but those of tumor regions were negative. The results of PCA of the texture features based on DTCWT of normal regions were greater than those of tumor regions. The values of the texture features in low-frequency coefficient images increased monotonically with the growth of the tumors. Different stages of liver tumors can be classified using SVM, and the accuracy is 83.33%. Noninvasive and micron-scale imaging can be achieved by X-ray ILPCI. We can observe hepatic tumors and small vessels from the phase-contrast images. This new imaging approach for hepatic cancer is effective and has potential use in the early detection and classification of hepatic tumors.

  19. The Influence of Different Single Radiation Dose on Delayed Growth of Transplanted Tumor in Athymic Mouse

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhi-zhen WANG; Zhi-yong YUAN; Ping WANG

    2010-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To reveal the biological effects and effective dosage in radiotherapy model which applies high single-dose irradiation by animal experiment. METHODS We inoculated subcutaneouly human pancreatic carcinoma cell line (MIA PaCa-2) in the lateral of the right lower extremity of the athymic mouse to grow transplantation tumor. While the median diameter of transplantation tumor reached 10 mm approximately, the animals were randomly divided into 7 groups (6 animals per group) and fixed with consciousness for irradiation by different dose in one fraction (0, 2, 5, 10, 17, 25, 35 Gy). All were kept on to be bred for observation of the change in gross tumor volume, calculation of delayed growth time and delayed growth curve. RESULTS With increased dose per fraction, cutaneous reaction on the neoplasma surface of the animal, which was mainly moist yellow effusion was more and more severe. When dosage is less than 10 Gy, all animals showed similar effects, that's the delayed tumor growth was not obvious. Tumors receiving more than 10 Gy in one fraction showed very good biological effect and the delayed tumor growth was obviously related to dosage. The difference in delayed tumor growth between the 2 groups was statistically signifi cant. The delayed tumor growth time in 10, 17, 25 Gy group was respectively 3 weeks, 6 weeks and more. CONCLUSION The biological effect of the model which applies high single-dose irradiation (more than 10 Gy in one fraction) was very good. The effect of delayed tumor growth was obviously related to the dosage after transplantation tumor was radiated. Because of its higher dose per fraction and biological effects, the model of high single-dose irradiation can get be er clinical effects.

  20. Heterotopic erotic oases - the public nude beach experience

    OpenAIRE

    Andriotis, Konstantinos

    2010-01-01

    Despite the importance of beaches for a broad spectrum of recreational activities, very little is known about the multitude of beach use in marginalized spaces offering a range of opportunities for transgressive behaviour. To explore the ways that the principles of Foucault’s heterotopia are articulated by users of a gay nude beach, functioning as an erotic oasis, this study adopted a covert ethnographic approach which involved non-participant observation. The results of the study offer a uni...

  1. Comparison of a chimeric anti-carcinoembryonic antigen antibody conjugated with visible or near-infrared fluorescent dyes for imaging pancreatic cancer in orthotopic nude mouse models

    OpenAIRE

    Maawy, Ali A.; Hiroshima, Yukihiko; Kaushal, Sharmeela; Luiken, George A.; Robert M Hoffman; Bouvet, Michael

    2013-01-01

    Abstract. The aim of this study was to evaluate a set of visible and near-infrared dyes conjugated to a tumor-specific chimeric antibody for high-resolution tumor imaging in orthotopic models of pancreatic cancer. BxPC-3 human pancreatic cancer was orthotopically implanted into pancreata of nude mice. Mice received a single intravenous injection of a chimeric anti-carcinoembryonic antigen antibody conjugated to one of the following fluorophores: 488-nm group (Alexa Fluor 488 or DyLight 488); ...

  2. Radioimmunotherapy with 90Y-labeled monoclonal antibodies in a nude mouse ovarian cancer model

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tumor stroma contains much fibrin, and so monoclonal antifibrin antibody can accumulate in tumors. We treated nude mice bearing human ovarian carcinoma xenografts with 90Y-labeled monoclonal antifibrin antibody Fab fragments administered intratumorally. The survival time vs. a control group was significantly prolonged and tumor growth rate was decreased. Another group of animals was treated with 90Y-labeled OC 125-monoclonal antibody; these mice received the antibodies intratumorally, intraperitoneally or intravenously. The survival time was longest in the intratumorally treated group. There was no significant difference in survival between 90Y-labeled OC 125 and antifibrin in the intratumorally treated animal groups. The tissue activity distribution studies revealed that bone marrow is the critical organ. Intratumorally injected monoclonal 90Y-antifibrin antibodies were retained at least 36 h (up to 50% of injected activity per gram tumor tissue) in the xenograft after one treatment, causing cell death. Beta-camera imaging and immunohistochemistry were performed for studies of the correlation between 90Y activity and fibrin distribution in tumor specimens. These results were in concordance. In conclusion, intratumoral administration seems suitable for radioimmunotherapy, with an antibody that targets stromal structures. The accumulation can be successfully monitored by a beta-camera. (orig.)

  3. Inhibitory effect of gemcitabine and oncolytic adenovirus carrying tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand on implanted human T24 bladder cancer T24 in nude mice%荷载肿瘤坏死因子相关诱导凋亡配体基因的溶瘤腺病毒联合吉西他滨对裸鼠人膀胱癌T24细胞移植瘤的抑制作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙方浩; 毛立军; 魏晋; 陈伟; 娄禄; 陈家存

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate the inhibitory effect of oncolytic adenovirus carrying tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) and gemcitabine on implanted human T24 cell bladder cancer in nude mice.Methods The bladder cancer xenograft model was established by subcutaneously injecting 2 × 106 T24 cells into the right flank of mice.Mice were divided randomly into four groups and treated by intratumoral injection of ZD55-TRAIL [multiple of infection (MOI) =10] plus gemcitabine (4.0 g/L),ZD55-TRAIL (MOI =10),gemcitabine (4.0 g/L) which was dissolved in 100 μl saline,or 100 μl phosphate buffer(PBS) as the control,respectively,once every for three consecutive days.The tumor volume was measured every week for 9 weeks.Seven days after the end of the treatment,some mice were sacrificed followed by the determination of TRAIL and early region 1A (E1A) protein levels in tumor tissue by immunohistochemical staining.The apoptosis of tumor xenografts was measured by TdT-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL).Results In the control group,tumors displayed rapid and continued outgrowth during the course of the experiment,with the mean tumor size of (2 501.0 ±221.8) mm3.In sharp contrast,the mean tumor size in the ZD55-TRAIL plus gemcitabine group was (129.0 ± 8.3) mm3,which was significantly smaller than that in the ZD55-TRAIL group [(1 760.6 ± 83.3) mm3,P < 0.05] and the gemcitabine group [(1 129.3 ± 73.2) mm3,P < 0.05].As compared with the gemcitabine-and PBS-treated groups,there was marked increase of TRAIL staining in the ZD55-TRAIL plus gemcitabine group and ZD55-TRAIL-treated group.Moreover,the E1A expression was detected only in ZD55-TRAIL plus gemcitabine group and ZD55-TRAIL-treated group but not in the gemcitabine group and PBS group.TUNEL staining showed there was significantly increased apoptosis in the ZD55-TRAIL plus gemcitabine group [(85.8 ± 5.6) %] in comparison to that in the PBS-treated group [(15.8 ± 3.2) %],ZD55-TRAIL group

  4. Preventive Effects of Zoledronic Acid on Bone Metastasis in Mice Injected with Human Breast Cancer Cells

    OpenAIRE

    Jeong, Joon; Lee, Kyung Sun; Choi, Yang-Kyu; Oh, Young Ju; Lee, Hy-De

    2011-01-01

    Bisphosphonates are used routinely to reduce bone-related events in breast cancer patients with bone metastasis. We evaluated the effects of zoledronic acid, a third generation, nitrogen-containing bisphosphonate, to prevent bone metastasis in breast cancer. Zoledronic acid or vehicle alone was administered to nude mice either simultaneously or after intracardiac injection of human breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cells. Nude mice treated with zoledronic acid at early time points showed a lower incid...

  5. Lentivirus-mediated RNA interference targeting the ObR gene in human breast cancer MCF-7 cells in a nude mouse xenograft model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XUE Rong-quan; GU Jun-chao; DU Song-tao; YU Wei; WANG Yu; ZHANG Zhong-tao; BAI Zhi-gang; MA Xue-mei

    2012-01-01

    Background There is a significant association between obesity and breast cancer,which is possibly due to the expression of leptin.Therefore,it is important to clarify the role of leptin/ObR (leptin receptor) signaling during the progression of human breast cancer.Methods Nude mice with xenografts of MCF-7 human breast cancer cells were administered recombinant human leptin subcutaneous via injection around the tumor site.Mice in the experimental group were intratumorally injected with ObR-RNAi-lentivirus,while negative control group mice were injected with the same dose of negative-lentivirus.Tumor size was blindly measured every other day,and mRNA and protein expression levels of ObR,estrogen receptor α(ERα),and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) for each group were determined.Results Knockdown of ObR-treated xenografted nude mice with a high leptin microenvironment was successfully established.Local injection of ObR-RNAi-lentivirus significantly suppressed the established tumor growth in nude mice.ObR level was significantly lower in the experimental group than in the negative control group,while the amounts of ERα and VEGF expression were significantly lower in the leptin group than in the control group (P <0.01 for all).Conclusions Inhibition of leptin/ObR signaling is essential to breast cancer proliferation and possible crosstalk between ObR and ERα,and VEGF,and may lead to novel therapeutic treatments aiming at targeting ObR in breast cancers.

  6. Impact and mechanism of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs combined with chemotherapeutic drugs on human lung cancer-nude mouse transplanted tumors

    Science.gov (United States)

    SUN, WEIYI; CHEN, GANG

    2016-01-01

    The present study aimed to investigate the impact of indomethacin treatment combined with oxaliplatin treatment on the expression of cluster of differentiation 44 variant 6 (CD44v6), matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and survivin in human lung cancer-nude mouse transplanted tumors. The human lung adenocarcinoma (A549)-nude mouse transplanted tumor model was established, and the mice were divided into a control group, an indomethacin treatment group, an oxaliplatin treatment group and an indomethacin-oxaliplatin combination treatment group. The tumor inhibition rate was calculated following sacrificing of the mice. Immunohistochemical staining and fluorescence reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction were utilized to detect the protein and messenger (m)RNA expression of CD44v6, MMP-2 and survivin. The tumor inhibition rates of the indomethacin group, the oxaliplatin group and the combination group were 26.67, 47.70 and 68.88%, respectively. The protein and mRNA expression levels of CD44v6, MMP-2 and survivin in the transplanted tumors of each treatment group were reduced compared with the control group (Plung cancer-nude mouse transplanted tumors and the expression of CD44v6, MMP-2 and survivin inside the tumor. The combination of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs with chemotherapeutic drugs may improve the antitumor effects.

  7. Beta-endorphin in genetically hypoprolactinemic rat: IPL nude rat

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Beta-endorphin has been reported to regulate not only stress- and suckling-induced but also basal prolactin secretion. In the aim to better evaluate the endogenous beta-endorphin-prolactin interrelation, the authors measured beta-endorphin levels in a new rat strain, genetically hypoprolactinemic and characterized by a total lack of lactation: IPL nude rat. Beta-endorphin was measured using a specific anti-h-β endorphin in plasma and extracts of anterior and neurointermediate lobes of the pituitary, hypothalamus and brain. Pituitary extracts were also chromatographed on Sephadex G50 column. Results obtained showed that in IPL nude females on diestrus and males, the beta-endorphin contents of the neurointermediate lobe was significantly lower than in normal rats, while the values found in the other organs and plasma were similar. However, elution pattern of the anterior pituitary extracts from male rats showed greater immunoactivity eluting as I125 h-beta-endorphin than in normal rat; this was not the case for the female rat. These results are consistent with a differential regulation of beta-endorphin levels of anterior and neurointermediate lobe by catecholamines. Moreover they suggest that PRL secretion was more related to neurointermediate beta-endorphin. 40 references, 2 figures, 4 tables

  8. Biodistribution of 3-[123I]iodo-alpha-methyl-L-tyrosine in human colon cancer DLD-1 implanted nude-mouse KSN-slc

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aim: 3-[123I]iodo-alpha-methyl-L-tyrosine (IMT) is a synthetic amino acid that can be used with single-photon emission tomography (SPECT) for determinations of amino acid transport. In transformed cells, amino acid transporters may be up-regulated to support high-level protein synthesis for continuous growth and proliferation. We studied biodistribution of IMT in human colon cancer DLD-1 implanted nude-mouse KSN-slc. Materials and Methods: DLD-1 (3.0 x 106 cells) were implanted into the right thigh of male nude-mouse KSN-slc (n=3 to 5) weighing 30 g, and animals were fed for 25 days to provide a 7.0 mm diameter tumor mass. Biodistribution and urinary excretion studies in mice were performed. The mice received 0.1 ml of 125I-IMT (1.11 kBq) by injection into the tail vein. Mice were anesthetized using ether and sacrificed by heart puncture. Organ radioactivity was quantitated using a well-type scintillation counter. Results: It is presented that very high accumulation of 125I-IMT was observed in the implanted DLD-1 tumor mass, at 60 min after intravenous injection. In biodistribution studies, tumor to other tissue ratios of 125I-IMT accumulation in mice were 5.3 for blood, 9.8 for liver, 5.6 for intestine, 5.9 for heart, respectively. Implanted DLD-1 cells maintained up-regulated amino acid transport in nude-mouse KSN-slc. We believe this represents a good model for studying tumor imaging in vivo

  9. Assessment and optimization of electroporation-assisted tumoral nanoparticle uptake in a nude mouse model of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    West DL

    2014-09-01

    nanoparticles as a function of electroporation voltage and timing of administration in pancreatic adenocarcinoma cells. Our studies demonstrated that addition of electroporation to administration of nanoparticles significantly increased the amount of intracellular iron oxide nanoparticle uptake by a PANC-1 cell line in an athymic nude mouse model of PDAC. Further, electroporation-assisted nanoparticle uptake could be significantly altered by changing the timing of application of electroporation. Keywords: electroporation, nanoparticles, tumoral uptake, pancreatic adenocarcinoma, in vivo

  10. 单发性裸鼠人肝癌实验模型的建立%Experimental Model of Solitary Human Hepatocellular Carcinoma in Nude Mouse

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹美珍; 苏振宏

    2013-01-01

      为了建立单发性人肝癌动物模型,将1×107个/mL Bel -7402细胞接种于5~6周龄裸鼠左右侧颈背部皮下,待瘤体积约为2 cm3时,取其瘤组织,剪碎,制成悬液,再接种于实验裸鼠右侧颈背部皮下,每日观察裸鼠的成瘤情况,测量并计算其瘤体积及生长率,大体解剖濒死荷瘤鼠,取瘤组织做病理形态学检查。结果显示:裸鼠单发性人肝癌移植瘤的成瘤率为96%,移植瘤生长快,不发生转移,具有肿瘤形态、肝癌组织特点及肝癌细胞超微结构的形态学特征。成功构建了单发性裸鼠人肝癌模型,是进行生物学研究尤其是治疗药物筛选研究的一种理想的肝癌动物模型。%Objective: The experimental model of solitary human hepatocellular carcinoma in nude mouse was established.Method:The Bel-7402 human hepatocarcinoma cells were transplanted subcutaneously into the right and left nape of every 5~6 weeks old nude mice with a cell number of 1 ×107/mL.After the tumor grew to about 2 cm3 in volume, the tumors were extracted and transformed into cell suspensions that were in-jected subcutaneously into the right nape of the experimental nude mouse .Tumor formation was observed dai-ly, the long diameter and short diameter of the tumors were measured to calculate the tumor volumes and the tumor growth rate, and gross anatomy was observed in dying mouse bearing cancer and the tumor issue was taken for morphological examination .Result: The formation rate of solitary Subcutaneous transplantation tumor in nude mice was 96%, and the transplantation tumor with rapid tumor growth and without metastasis possess a specific morphological feature of tumor .Conclusion: The experimental model of solitary human hepatocellular carcinoma in nude mice was successfully established ,and it was a ideal animal model for local therapy study.

  11. Induction of plaque-forming cell response in adrenalectomized nude rats using Thymosin fraction 5

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klausen, B; Hougen, H P; Rygaard, J

    1982-01-01

    In adrenalectomized nude rats treated with Thymosin fraction 5 a plaque-forming cell (PFC) response comparable to that found in normal rats was obtained. The PFC response found after adrenalectomy alone or thymosin-treatment in unoperated animals was comparable to that of untreated nude rats....

  12. Genetically engineered K cells provide sufficient insulin to correct hyperglycemia in a nude murine model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yiqun Zhang; Liqing Yao; Kuntang Shen; Meidong Xu; Pinghong Zhou; Weige Yang; Xinyuan Liu; Xinyu Qin

    2008-01-01

    A gene therapy-based treatment of type 1 diabetes mellitus requires the development of a surrogate β cell that can synthesize and secrete functionally active insulin in response to physiologically relevant changes in ambient glucose levels. In this study, the murine enteroendocrine cell line STC-1 was genetically modified by stable transfection. Two clone cells were selected (STC-1-2 and STC-1-14) that secreted the highest levels of insulin among the 22 clones expressing insulin from 0 to 157.2 μIU/ml/106 cells/d. After glucose concentration in the culture medium was increased from 1 mM to 10 mM, secreted insulin rose from 40.3±0.8 to 56.3±3.2 μIU/ml (STC-1-2), and from 10.8±0.8 to 23.6±2.3 μIU/ml (STC-1-14). After STC-1-14 cells were implanted into diabetic nude mice, their blood glucose levels were reduced to normal. Body weight loss was also ameliorated. Our data suggested that genetically engineered K cells secrete active insulin in a glucose-regulated manner, and in vivo study showed that hyperglycemia could be reversed by implantation of the cells, suggesting that the use of genetically engineered K cells to express human insulin might provide a glucose-regulated approach to treat diabetic hyperglycemia.

  13. A Versatile Orthotopic Nude Mouse Model for Study of Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joseph Chok Yan Ip

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Increasing evidence indicates tumor-stromal interactions play a crucial role in cancer. An in vivo esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC orthotopic animal model was developed with bioluminescence imaging established with a real-time monitoring platform for functional and signaling investigation of tumor-stromal interactions. The model was produced by injection of luciferase-labelled ESCC cells into the intraesophageal wall of nude mice. Histological examination indicates this orthotopic model is highly reproducible with 100% tumorigenesis among the four ESCC cell lines tested. This new model recapitulates many clinical and pathological properties of human ESCC, including esophageal luminal stricture by squamous cell carcinoma with nodular tumor growth, adventitia invasion, lymphovascular invasion, and perineural infiltration. It was tested using an AKT shRNA knockdown of ESCC cell lines and the in vivo tumor suppressive effects of AKT knockdown were observed. In conclusion, this ESCC orthotopic mouse model allows investigation of gene functions of cancer cells in a more natural tumor microenvironment and has advantages over previous established models. It provides a versatile platform with potential application for metastasis and therapeutic regimen testing.

  14. Adoptive immunotherapy of human pancreatic cancer with lymphokine-activated killer cells and interleukin-2 in a nude mouse model

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A pancreatic cancer cell line was grown in orthotopic and heterotopic positions in young Swiss/NIH nude mice, which were tested with adoptive immunotherapy. Mice were injected with 1 x 10(7) human cancer cells in the subcutaneous tissue and duodenal lobe of the pancreas. The mice were randomly divided into four groups: group IA (LAK + IL-2) (N = 25) received 2 X 10(7) human lymphokine-activated killer (LAK) cells from normal donors by tail vein injection followed by 10,000 units of human recombinant interleukin-2 (IL-2) given intraperitoneally every 12 hours for 28 days; group IB (IL-2) (N = 27) was given the same dose of IL-2 alone; group IC (RPMI-1640) (N = 18) received a placebo consisting of 1 ml of RPMI-1640 intraperitoneally every 12 hours; and group ID (LAK) (N = 14) received 2 X 10(7) LAK cells but no IL-2. Toxicity was significantly higher in group IB, with a mortality rate of 45.5% (10/22 animals) versus a 0% mortality (0/25) in group IA. None of the group IA or IB animals died of pancreatic cancer during the experiment. The animals that did not receive IL-2 died before 28 days in 14.2% of group IC and in 16.7% of group ID. The area under the growth curve of subcutaneous tumors during the course of treatment and the pancreatic tumor weight at the end of treatment were compared in each group. Subcutaneous tumors had a reduced rate of growth in group IA animals compared to all the other treatments. Pancreatic tumor growth was slowed in group IA. The animals treated with IL-2 alone (group IB) showed some slowing of tumor growth that was intermediate between group IA, group IC, and group ID. A similar experiment was done with irradiated (375 rad) mice. Nine nude mice with tumors were treated with LAK + IL-2 (group IIA), eight received IL-2 alone (group IIB), and seven received placebo (group IIC)

  15. Octopods: Nude ammonoids that survived the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary mass extinction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewy, Z.

    1996-07-01

    Certain ammonoids changed the mode of coiling or the growth angle of their last body chamber, constricted the terminal aperture, or developed apertural processes, which restricted all life functions. The modified terminal body chamber of macroconchs apparently functioned as a floating egg case for a single breeding phase. The young that hatched from tiny eggs fed on the enclosed female corpse. This same breeding strategy is executed by the extant octopod Argonauta. As a nude cephalopod, the sexually mature female secretes an egg case, which resembles Cretaceous ammonites, for the tiny eggs. The remarkable similarity in mode of breeding between Argonauta and ammonoids with modified terminal body chambers suggests that the ancestral argonautid was a nude ammonoid. Other octopods, which lay large, yolk-rich eggs attached onto substrates, likewise originate from ancestral nude ammonoids, which, however, did not breed in a floating egg case. Nude ammonoids crossed the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary, as did the genuine coleoids comprising rudimentary endoskeletons.

  16. Visualization of potential acupuncture points in rat and nude mouse and DiI tracing method

    OpenAIRE

    Byung-Cheon Lee; Ki-Hoon Uhm; Kyoung-Hee Bae; Dae-In Kang; Kwang-Sup Soh

    2009-01-01

    Objectives: To find the potential acupuncture points by using Trypan blue staining on the skin of rat and Nude mouse. Methods: 0.4% Trypan blue was applied to the skin of rat or Nude mouse previously treated by surfactant. Washing by warm saline was followed after enough application of trypan blue and surfactant. Frequency of Trypan blue application should be varied to the experimental animals' condition for visualizing significant spots. Results: Blue spots appeared roughly in symmetry...

  17. Residual hepatocellular carcinoma after oxaliplatin treatment has increased metastatic potential in a nude mouse model and is attenuated by Songyou Yin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhang Wei

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The opposite effects of chemotherapy, which enhance the malignancy of treated cancers such as hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC, are not well understood. We investigated this phenomenon and corresponding mechanisms to develop a novel approach for improving chemotherapy efficacy in HCC. Methods Human hepatocellular carcinoma cell lines HepG2 (with low metastatic potential and MHCC97L (with moderate metastatic potential were used for the in vitro study. An orthotopic nude mouse model of human HCC was developed using MHCC97L cells. We then assessed the metastatic potential of surviving tumor cells after in vitro and in vivo oxaliplatin treatment. The molecular changes in surviving tumor cells were evaluated by western blot, immunofluorescence, and immunohistochemistry. The Chinese herbal extract Songyou Yin (composed of five herbs was investigated in vivo to explore its effect on the metastatic potential of oxaliplatin-treated cancer cells. Results MHCC97L and HepG2 cells surviving oxaliplatin treatment showed enhanced migration and invasion in vitro. Residual HCC after in vivo oxaliplatin treatment demonstrated significantly increased metastasis to the lung (10/12 vs. 3/12 when re-inoculated into the livers of new recipient nude mice. Molecular changes consistent with epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT were observed in oxaliplatin-treated tumor tissues and verified by in vitro experiments. The Chinese herbal extract Songyou Yin (4.2 and 8.4 g/kg attenuated EMT and inhibited the enhanced metastatic potential of residual HCC in nude mice (6/15 vs. 13/15 and 3/15 vs. 13/15, respectively. Conclusions The surviving HCC after oxaliplatin treatment underwent EMT and demonstrated increased metastatic potential. Attenuation of EMT by Songyou Yin may improve the efficacy of chemotherapy in HCC.

  18. Residual hepatocellular carcinoma after oxaliplatin treatment has increased metastatic potential in a nude mouse model and is attenuated by Songyou Yin

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The opposite effects of chemotherapy, which enhance the malignancy of treated cancers such as hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), are not well understood. We investigated this phenomenon and corresponding mechanisms to develop a novel approach for improving chemotherapy efficacy in HCC. Human hepatocellular carcinoma cell lines HepG2 (with low metastatic potential) and MHCC97L (with moderate metastatic potential) were used for the in vitro study. An orthotopic nude mouse model of human HCC was developed using MHCC97L cells. We then assessed the metastatic potential of surviving tumor cells after in vitro and in vivo oxaliplatin treatment. The molecular changes in surviving tumor cells were evaluated by western blot, immunofluorescence, and immunohistochemistry. The Chinese herbal extract Songyou Yin (composed of five herbs) was investigated in vivo to explore its effect on the metastatic potential of oxaliplatin-treated cancer cells. MHCC97L and HepG2 cells surviving oxaliplatin treatment showed enhanced migration and invasion in vitro. Residual HCC after in vivo oxaliplatin treatment demonstrated significantly increased metastasis to the lung (10/12 vs. 3/12) when re-inoculated into the livers of new recipient nude mice. Molecular changes consistent with epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) were observed in oxaliplatin-treated tumor tissues and verified by in vitro experiments. The Chinese herbal extract Songyou Yin (4.2 and 8.4 g/kg) attenuated EMT and inhibited the enhanced metastatic potential of residual HCC in nude mice (6/15 vs. 13/15 and 3/15 vs. 13/15, respectively). The surviving HCC after oxaliplatin treatment underwent EMT and demonstrated increased metastatic potential. Attenuation of EMT by Songyou Yin may improve the efficacy of chemotherapy in HCC

  19. Cilengitide inhibits metastatic bone colonization in a nude rat model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bretschi, Maren; Merz, Maximilian; Komljenovic, Dorde; Berger, Martin R; Semmler, Wolfhard; Bäuerle, Tobias

    2011-10-01

    Integrins αvβ3 and αvβ5 are considered to play an important role in the pathogenesis of breast cancer bone metastases. This study investigates the effects of the αvβ3/αvβ5 integrin-specific inhibitor cilengitide during early metastatic bone colonization. The impact of cilengitide on the migration, invasion and proliferation of MDA-MB-231 human breast carcinoma cells as well as on bone resorption by osteoclasts was investigated in vitro. For in vivo experiments, nude rats were treated with cilengitide for 30 days starting one day after site-specific tumor cell inoculation in the hind leg, and the course of metastatic changes in bone was followed using flat-panel volumetric computed tomography (VCT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Vascular changes in bone metastases were investigated using dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE-) MRI-derived parameters amplitude A and exchange rate coefficient kep. In vitro, cilengitide treatment resulted in a decrease in proliferation, migration and invasion of MDA-MB-231 cells, as well as of osteoclast activity. In vivo, the development of bone metastasis in the hind leg of rats was not prevented by adjuvant cilengitide treatment, but cilengitide reduced the volumes of osteolytic lesions and respective soft tissue tumors of developing bone metastases as assessed with VCT and MRI, respectively. DCE-MRI revealed significant changes in the A and kep parameters including decreased relative blood volume and increased vessel permeability after cilengitide treatment indicating vessel remodeling. In conclusion, during early pathogenic processes of bone colonization, cilengitide treatment exerted effects on tumor cells, osteoclasts and vasculature reducing the skeletal lesion size of experimental skeletal metastases. PMID:21725616

  20. An athymic rat model of cutaneous radiation injury designed to study human tissue-based wound therapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To describe a pilot study for a novel preclinical model used to test human tissue-based therapies in the setting of cutaneous radiation injury. A protocol was designed to irradiate the skin of athymic rats while sparing the body and internal organs by utilizing a non-occlusive skin clamp along with an x-ray image guided stereotactic irradiator. Each rat was irradiated both on the right and the left flank with a circular field at a 20 cm source-to-surface distance (SSD). Single fractions of 30.4 Gy, 41.5 Gy, 52.6 Gy, 65.5 Gy, and 76.5 Gy were applied in a dose-finding trial. Eight additional wounds were created using the 41.5 Gy dose level. Each wound was photographed and the percentage of the irradiated area ulcerated at given time points was analyzed using ImageJ software. No systemic or lethal sequelae occurred in any animals, and all irradiated skin areas in the multi-dose trial underwent ulceration. Greater than 60% of skin within each irradiated zone underwent ulceration within ten days, with peak ulceration ranging from 62.1% to 79.8%. Peak ulceration showed a weak correlation with radiation dose (r = 0.664). Mean ulceration rate over the study period is more closely correlated to dose (r = 0.753). With the highest dose excluded due to contraction-related distortions, correlation between dose and average ulceration showed a stronger relationship (r = 0.895). Eight additional wounds created using 41.5 Gy all reached peak ulceration above 50%, with all healing significantly but incompletely by the 65-day endpoint. We developed a functional preclinical model which is currently used to evaluate human tissue-based therapies in the setting of cutaneous radiation injury. Similar models may be widely applicable and useful the development of novel therapies which may improve radiotherapy management over a broad clinical spectrum

  1. Cetuximab intensifies the ADCC activity of adoptive NK cells in a nude mouse colorectal cancer xenograft model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Shanshan; Li, Xuechun; Chen, Rongming; Yin, Mingang; Zheng, Qiuhong

    2016-01-01

    Natural killer (NK) cells, discovered ~40 years ago, are believed to be the most effective cytotoxic lymphocytes to counteract cancer; however, adoptive NK cell therapy in vivo has encountered certain limitations, including a lack of specificity. The drug cetuximab can mediate antibody dependent cell mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) activity through NK cells in vivo, and has been approved for the first-line treatment of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-positive metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC). However, the ADCC activity of adoptive NK cells, induced by cetuximab in a nude mouse CRC xenograft model, has not been previously reported. The aim of the present study was to explore the ADCC activity of cetuximab combined with adoptive NK cells in CRC xenograft models with various EGFR expressions. The nude mouse xenograft models were established by subcutaneously injecting LOVO or SW620 cells. The mice were then randomly divided into 6 groups: Phosphate-buffered saline, cetuximab, human immunoglobulin G (hIgG), NK cells, hIgG plus NK cells and cetuximab plus NK cells. The ADCC antitumor activity was evaluated in these CRC models. The results indicated that the cetuximab plus NK cells group showed the greatest tumor inhibition effect compared with the NK cells group in LOVO xenograft tumor models with positive EGFR expression. However, the combination of cetuximab and NK cells did not show a stronger tumor inhibitory effect against the SW620 xenograft tumor models compared with the efficiency of NK cells. In conclusion, cetuximab could intensify the ADCC antitumor activity of adoptive NK cells towards CRC with an increased EGFR expression. The combination of cetuximab and NK cells may be a potential immunotherapy for metastatic CRC patients with positive EGFR expression. PMID:27602116

  2. Pharmacokinetics of cisplatin with and without amifostine in tumour- bearing nude mice

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Korst, A.E.C.; Boven, E.; Sterre, M.L.T. van der; Fichtinger-Schepman, A.M.J.; Vijgh, W.J.F. van der

    1998-01-01

    Amifostine (Ethyol, WR-2721) is in use in the clinic as a protector against platinum-induced toxicities. We have previously reported that amifostine induced a potentiation of the antitumour activity of carboplatin in human ovarian cancer xenografts. An influence of amifostine on the pharmacokinetics

  3. Comet assay study on the radiosensitivity of transplanted tumor models in nude mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To evaluate the possibility of detecting human solid tumors radiosensitivity by comet assay. Methods: The radiosensitivity of three human tumor xenografts (lung adenocarcinoma, esophageal squamous carcinoma and nasopharyngeal squamous carcinoma) were detected by comet assay with the RTM considered as the end point. Transplanted tumor specimens were taken and digested to single-cell suspensions with a cell concentration of 4 x 104 ml. For each xenograft, the resultant suspensions were divided into five groups and exposed to irradiation on ice to doses of 0 (control group), 2, 5, 10 and 15 Gy, respectively. DNA damage was detected by comet assay immediately after irradiation. Results: For the unirradiated control group, the tail movement (TM) of the three xenografts showed significant differences (F=9.11, Pesophageal squamous carcinoma>nasopharyngeal squamous carcinoma, which is not consistent with the clinical observation. However, the descending trend of the relative radiosensitivity reflected by the adjusted tail moment (RTM) was in the following sequences: esophageal squamous carcinoma>nasopharyngeal squamous carcinoma>lung adenocarcinoma; the esophageal squamous carcinoma was slightly more radiosensitive than nasopharyngeal squamous carcinoma (though without significant difference), which was exactly consistent with clinical observation. Conclusions: 1. The tail movement should undergo background adjustment in order to reflect the difference of the radiosensitivity detected by comet assay in solid tumors. 2. Comet assay could be used for detecting the radiosensitivity of human solid tumors

  4. 3-Bromopyruvate inhibits human gastric cancer tumor growth in nude mice via the inhibition of glycolysis

    OpenAIRE

    XIAN, SHU-LIN; Cao, Wei; Zhang, Xiao-Dong; Lu, Yun-Fei

    2014-01-01

    Tumor cells primarily depend upon glycolysis in order to gain energy. Therefore, the inhibition of glycolysis may inhibit tumor growth. Our previous study demonstrated that 3-bromopyruvate (3-BrPA) inhibited gastric cancer cell proliferation in vitro. However, the ability of 3-BrPA to suppress tumor growth in vivo, and its underlying mechanism, have yet to be elucidated. The aim of the present study was to investigate the inhibitory effect of 3-BrPA in an animal model of gastric cancer. It wa...

  5. The antitumour effect of ribonucleases and antiangiogenins on human tumours in nude mice

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Poučková, P.; Zadinová, M.; Kalous, Jaroslav; Souček, J.; Pechar, Michal; Matoušek, Josef

    2013-01-01

    Roč. 9, č. 1 (2013), s. 43-51. ISSN 0973-1040 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA521/09/1214 Institutional support: RVO:67985904 ; RVO:61389013 Keywords : angiogenin * antitumour * aspermatogenesis * bovine Subject RIV: EB - Genetics ; Molecular Biology; CD - Macromolecular Chemistry (UMCH-V) http://www.researchtrends.net/tia/abstract.asp?in=0&vn=9&tid=57&aid=5

  6. In Vivo Imaging of Human Malignant Mesothelioma Grown Orthotopically in the Peritoneal Cavity of Nude Mice

    OpenAIRE

    Feng, Mingqian; Zhang, Jingli; Anver, Miriam; Hassan, Raffit; Ho, Mitchell

    2011-01-01

    Malignant mesothelioma (MM) causes significant morbidity and mortality in patients. With increasing efforts devoted to developing therapeutics targeting mesothelioma, a xenograft mouse model with in vivo tumor imaging is especially desired for evaluating anti-tumor therapies. In the present study, we fluorescently labeled the NCI-H226 human mesothelioma cell line by a lentiviral vector harboring a luciferase-GFP (Luc/GFP) fusion gene driven by the RNA polymerase II promoter. After single-cell...

  7. Extensive Hair Shaft Growth after Mouse Whisker Follicle Isolation, Cryopreservation and Transplantation in Nude Mice

    OpenAIRE

    Cao, Wenluo; Li, Lingna; Tran, Benjamin; Kajiura, Satoshi; Amoh, Yasuyuki; Liu, Fang; Robert M. Hoffman

    2015-01-01

    We previously demonstrated that whole hair follicles could be cryopreserved to maintain their stem-cells differentation potential. In the present study, we demonstrated that cryopreserved mouse whisker hair follicles maintain their hair growth potential. DMSO better cryopreserved mouse whisker follicles compared to glycerol. Cryopreserved hair follicles also maintained the hair follicle-associated-pluripotent (HAP) stem cells, evidenced by P75NTR expression. Subcutaneous transplantation of DM...

  8. Kinetics of small lymphocytes in normal and nude mice after splenectomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hougen, H P; Hansen, F; Jensen, E K;

    1977-01-01

    thymic activity and diminished numbers of T lymphocytes in peripheral lymphoid tissues. The total number of cells in these tissues as well as the blast cell activity, were within normal limits. Bone marrow lymphocyte numbers and kinetics as well as blood lymphocyte levels in splenectomized and sham...

  9. Polymer-conjugated bovine pancreatic and seminal ribonucleases inhibit growth of human tumors in nude mice

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Poučková, P.; Zadinová, M.; Hloušková, D.; Strohalm, Jiří; Plocová, Daniela; Špunda, M.; Olejár, T.; Zitko, M.; Matoušek, Josef; Ulbrich, Karel; Souček, J.

    2004-01-01

    Roč. 95, č. 1 (2004), s. 83-92. ISSN 0168-3659 R&D Projects: GA ČR GV307/96/K226; GA ČR GA523/01/0114; GA AV ČR KSK4055109 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z4050913; CEZ:AV0Z5045916 Keywords : RNase A * BS-RNase * polymer conjugates Subject RIV: CD - Macromolecular Chemistry Impact factor: 3.297, year: 2004

  10. Isomalto oligosaccharide sulfate inhibits tumor growth and metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma in nude mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) usually has a dismal prognosis because of its limited response to current pharmacotherapy and high metastatic rate. Sulfated oligosaccharide has been confirmed as having potent antitumor activities against solid tumors. Here, we explored the preclinical effects and molecular mechanisms of isomalto oligosaccharide sulfate (IMOS), another novel sulfated oligosaccharide, in HCC cell lines and a xenograft model. The effects of IMOS on HCC proliferation, apoptosis, adhesion, migration, and invasiveness in vitro were assessed by cell counting, flow cytometry, adhesion, wound healing, and transwell assays, respectively. The roles of IMOS on HCC growth and metastasis in xenograft models were evaluated by tumor volumes and fluorescent signals. Total and phosphorylated protein levels of AKT, ERK, and JNK as well as total levels of c-MET were detected by Western blotting. IMOS-regulated genes were screened by quantitative reverse-transcription PCR (qRT-PCR) array in HCCLM3-red fluorescent protein (RFP) xenograft tissues and then confirmed by qRT-PCR in HepG2 and Hep3B cells. IMOS markedly inhibited cell proliferation and induced cell apoptosis of HCCLM3, HepG2, and Bel-7402 cells and also significantly suppressed cell adhesion, migration, and invasion of HCCLM3 in vitro. At doses of 60 and 90 mg/kg/d, IMOS displayed robust inhibitory effects on HCC growth and metastasis without obvious side effects in vivo. The levels of pERK, tERK, and pJNK as well as c-MET were significantly down-regulated after treatment with 16 mg/mL IMOS. No obvious changes were found in the levels of pAkt, tAkt, and tJNK. Ten differentially expressed genes were screened from HCCLM3-RFP xenograft tissues after treatment with IMOS at a dose of 90 mg/kg/d. Similar gene expression profiles were confirmed in HepG2 and Hep3B cells after treatment with 16 mg/mL IMOS. IMOS is a potential anti-HCC candidate through inhibition of ERK and JNK signaling independent of p53 and worth studying further in patients with HCC, especially at advanced stages

  11. MR imaging of nude mouse bearing human hepatocellular carcinoma by using two-step pretargeting strategy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To improve the sensitivity of MR molecular imaging by using targeting and magnifying effects of biotin-avidin system (BAS). Methods: After preparing biotinylated monoclonal antibody HAb18, the number of biotin molecules coupled to each antibody and the binding capacity of biotinylated antibody were determined. Two-step pretargeting tumor imaging was first achieved by intravenously injecting biotinylated monoclonal antibody HAb18 into 8 BALB/c nude mice bearing QGY-7723 tumor cells line. 24 h later, Gd-DTAP-streptavidin (Gd-DTPA-SA) was injected. Gd-DTPA-HAb18 and Gd-DTPA were respectively injected intravenously into the other 12 tumor-bearing mice as contrast groups. MR imaging was performed before and 10, 30, 60 min, 3, 6, 12, 24 h, and 48 h after injection of MR contrast agents. All images were obtained using SE T1-weighted imaging sequence. After MR imaging, enhancement time course of three different groups was determined by using enhancement data measured in the region of interest in the tumor. Enhancement ratio and contrast-to-noise of tumor were also calculated. Results: The average number of biotin conjugated with each monoclonal antibody molecular was 20. And the immunoactivity of biotinylated antibody was 91%. In two-step pretargeting strategy, SI of tumor increased slowly and reached the maximum value at 6 h after injection of Gd-DTPA-SA, enhancement ratio and CNR of tumor had significant difference with other two enhancement methods. The enhancing effect of tumor was still perceptible even after 48 h.When using Gd-DTPA-HAb18, the tumor enhancement pattern was slow and slight. Even at 24 h after injection of Gd-DTPA-HAb18, enhancement ratio of tumor was 13.5%. After Gd-DTPA was injected, signal intensity of tumor increased rapidly, and reached the maximum value at 30 min after injection of Gd-DTPA, and then decreased rapidly. Conclusion: Two-step pretargeting strategy based on BAS has specific and signal magnifying effects in tumor MR imaging

  12. Specific tumor labeling enhanced by polyethylene glycol linkage of near infrared dyes conjugated to a chimeric anti-carcinoembryonic antigen antibody in a nude mouse model of human pancreatic cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maawy, Ali A.; Hiroshima, Yukihiko; Zhang, Yong; Luiken, George A.; Hoffman, Robert M.; Bouvet, Michael

    2014-10-01

    Labeling of metastatic tumors can aid in their staging and resection of cancer. Near infrared (NIR) dyes have been used in the clinic for tumor labeling. However, there can be a nonspecific uptake of dye by the liver, lungs, and lymph nodes, which hinders detection of metastasis. In order to overcome these problems, we have used two NIR dyes (DyLight 650 and 750) conjugated to a chimeric anti-carcinoembryonic antigen antibody to evaluate how polyethylene glycol linkage (PEGylation) can improve specific tumor labeling in a nude mouse model of human pancreatic cancer. The conjugated PEGylated and non-PEGylated DyLight 650 and 750 dyes were injected intravenously into non-tumor-bearing nude mice. Serum samples were collected at various time points in order to determine serum concentrations and elimination kinetics. Conjugated PEGylated dyes had significantly higher serum dye concentrations than non-PEGylated dyes (p=0.005 for the 650 dyes and ppancreatic tumors subcutaneously implanted into nude mice were labeled with antibody-dye conjugates and serially imaged. Labeling with conjugated PEGylated dyes resulted in significantly brighter tumors compared to the non-PEGylated dyes (p<0.001 for the 650 dyes; p=0.01 for 750 dyes). PEGylation of the NIR dyes also decreased their accumulation in lymph nodes, liver, and lung. These results demonstrate enhanced selective tumor labeling by PEGylation of dyes conjugated to a tumor-specific antibody, suggesting their future clinical use in fluorescence-guided surgery.

  13. An athymic rat model of cutaneous radiation injury designed to study human tissue-based wound therapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rifkin Lucas H

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Purpose To describe a pilot study for a novel preclinical model used to test human tissue-based therapies in the setting of cutaneous radiation injury. Methods A protocol was designed to irradiate the skin of athymic rats while sparing the body and internal organs by utilizing a non-occlusive skin clamp along with an x-ray image guided stereotactic irradiator. Each rat was irradiated both on the right and the left flank with a circular field at a 20 cm source-to-surface distance (SSD. Single fractions of 30.4 Gy, 41.5 Gy, 52.6 Gy, 65.5 Gy, and 76.5 Gy were applied in a dose-finding trial. Eight additional wounds were created using the 41.5 Gy dose level. Each wound was photographed and the percentage of the irradiated area ulcerated at given time points was analyzed using ImageJ software. Results No systemic or lethal sequelae occurred in any animals, and all irradiated skin areas in the multi-dose trial underwent ulceration. Greater than 60% of skin within each irradiated zone underwent ulceration within ten days, with peak ulceration ranging from 62.1% to 79.8%. Peak ulceration showed a weak correlation with radiation dose (r = 0.664. Mean ulceration rate over the study period is more closely correlated to dose (r = 0.753. With the highest dose excluded due to contraction-related distortions, correlation between dose and average ulceration showed a stronger relationship (r = 0.895. Eight additional wounds created using 41.5 Gy all reached peak ulceration above 50%, with all healing significantly but incompletely by the 65-day endpoint. Conclusions We developed a functional preclinical model which is currently used to evaluate human tissue-based therapies in the setting of cutaneous radiation injury. Similar models may be widely applicable and useful the development of novel therapies which may improve radiotherapy management over a broad clinical spectrum.

  14. Improvement of Radiation-Mediated Immunosuppression of Human NSCLC Tumour Xenografts in a Nude Rat Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergey V. Tokalov

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Human tumour xenografts in a nude rat model have consistently been used as an essential part of preclinical studies for anticancer drugs activity in human. Commonly, these animals receive whole body irradiation to assure immunosuppression. But whole body dose delivery might be inhomogeneous and the resulting incomplete bone marrow depletion may modify tumour behaviour. To improve irradiation-mediated immunosuppression of human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC xenografts in a nude rat model irradiation (2 + 2 Gy from opposite sides of animals has been performed using a conventional X-ray tube. The described modification of whole body irradiation improves growth properties of human NSCLC xenografts in a nude rat model. The design of the whole body irradiation mediated immunosuppression described here for NSCLC xenografts may be useful for research applications involving other types of human tumours.

  15. Characterization and uptake of radiolabelled meta-iodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) in a human neuroblastoma heterotransplant model in athymic rats

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cells from an established human neuroblastoma cell line, SH-SY5Y, were demonstrated to grow and form solid tumours in nude rats. This cell line, which is an adrenergic subclone of the SK-N-SH cell line, has previously been used in differentiation model studies. The tumours retained the neuronal phenotype of the cultured cells, as evidenced by the expression of neuron-specific enolase (NSE) and chromogranin A + B. The transcription factor Isl-1, a protein expressed in subsets of neurons and endocrine cells as well as in neuroblastoma cells, was also expressed in the transplanted tumours, thus further verifying the retained phenotype of the cells under in vivo conditions. At scintigraphy utilizing 123I-MIBG the optimal tumour/background ratio was obtained 20 h after injection. The assessment of tissue/serum ratios showed the highest uptake in the spleen (0.067% per gram of inj. activity), neuroblastoma tumours (0.067% per gram of inj. activity) and in the adrenals (0.065% per gram of inj. activity). (orig.)

  16. A New Method of Establishing Orthotopic Bladder Transplantable Tumor in Mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The present study aims to find a convenient, rapid, and stable method to establish bladder tumor in mice. Female Balb/C-nu-nu nude mice (or female T739 mice) were narcotized by sodium pentobarbital at a dosage of 60 mg/kg. The stylet of the 24# venous retention needles was bent in a 5° to 7° angle at a distance of 15 mm from the needlepoint to form a circle with 2.61 mm to 3.66 mm radius when the stylet is rotated. The pipe casing was lubricated with liquid paraffin, and inserted into the bladder cavity. The drift angle stylet was inserted into the pipe casing slowly, rotated for five times, and then pulled out. A cell suspension (0.1 mL) of approximately 1×106 T24 cells (or BTT cells) was then injected immediately. A total of 60 T739 mice and 60 Balb/C-nu-nu nude mice were inoculated with BTT cells and T24 cells, respectively. The bladder tumor incidence and the average survival time of the tumor-bearing mice were 100% and (26.69±9.24) d and 100% and (34.59±9.8) d for the T739 mice and Balb/C-nu-nu nude mice, respectively. Using the drift angle stylet to injure the mucous membrane of the urinary bladder can establish a stable bladder transplantable tumor model in mice

  17. Comparison of (211)At-PRIT and (211)At-RIT of Ovarian Microtumors in a Nude Mouse Model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frost, Sofia H L; Bäck, Tom; Chouin, Nicolas;

    2013-01-01

    Abstract Purpose: Pretargeted radioimmunotherapy (PRIT) against intraperitoneal (i.p.) ovarian microtumors using avidin-conjugated monoclonal antibody MX35 (avidin-MX35) and (211)At-labeled, biotinylated, succinylated poly-l-lysine ((211)At-B-PL(suc)) was compared with conventional radioimmunothe....... Despite advanced disease in many animals at the time of treatment, PRIT demonstrated good potential to treat disseminated ovarian cancer....... radioimmunotherapy (RIT) using (211)At-labeled MX35 in a nude mouse model. Methods: Mice were inoculated i.p. with 1×10(7) NIH:OVCAR-3 cells. After 3 weeks, they received PRIT (1.0 or 1.5 MBq), RIT (0.9 MBq), or no treatment. Concurrently, 10 additional animals were sacrificed and examined to determine disease......), and 0.45 (RIT). The 1.5-MBq PRIT group exhibited lower incidence of ascites and fewer tumors >1 mm than RIT-treated animals. Conclusions: PRIT was as effective as RIT with regard to TFF; however, the size distribution of tumors and presence of ascites indicated that 1.5-MBq PRIT was more efficient...

  18. Infectivity of Giardia duodenalis Cysts from UV Light-Disinfected Wastewater Effluent Using a Nude BALB/c Mouse Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    dos Santos, Luciana Urbano; Alves, Delma Pegolo; Guaraldo, Ana Maria Aparecida; Cantusio Neto, Romeu; Durigan, Mauricio; Franco, Regina Maura Bueno

    2013-01-01

    Giardia duodenalis is a protozoan of public health interest that causes gastroenteritis in humans and other animals. In the city of Campinas in southeast Brazil, giardiasis is endemic, and this pathogen is detected at high concentrations in wastewater effluents, which are potential reservoirs for transmission. The Samambaia wastewater treat