Numerical Asymptotic Solutions Of Differential Equations
Thurston, Gaylen A.
1992-01-01
Numerical algorithms derived and compared with classical analytical methods. In method, expansions replaced with integrals evaluated numerically. Resulting numerical solutions retain linear independence, main advantage of asymptotic solutions.
PERIODIC SOLUTIONS OF ASYMPTOTICALLY LINEAR HAMILTONIAN SYSTEMS
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
FEIGUIHUA; QIUQINGJIU
1997-01-01
The authors establish the existence of nontrival periodic solutions of the asymptotically linear Hamiltomian systems in the general case that the asymptotic matrix may be degenerate and time-dependent.This is done by using the critical point theory,Galerkin approximation procedure and the Maslov-type index theory introduced and generalized by Conley,Zehnder and Long.
Asymptotic Methods for Solitary Solutions and Compactons
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ji-Huan He
2012-01-01
Full Text Available This paper is an elementary introduction to some new asymptotic methods for the search for the solitary solutions of nonlinear differential equations, nonlinear differential-difference equations, and nonlinear fractional differential equations. Particular attention is paid throughout the paper to giving an intuitive grasp for the variational approach, the Hamiltonian approach, the variational iteration method, the homotopy perturbation method, the parameter-expansion method, the Yang-Laplace transform, the Yang-Fourier transform, and ancient Chinese mathematics. Hamilton principle and variational principles are also emphasized. The reviewed asymptotic methods are easy to be followed for various applications. Some ideas on this paper are first appeared.
Numerical integration of asymptotic solutions of ordinary differential equations
Thurston, Gaylen A.
1989-01-01
Classical asymptotic analysis of ordinary differential equations derives approximate solutions that are numerically stable. However, the analysis also leads to tedious expansions in powers of the relevant parameter for a particular problem. The expansions are replaced with integrals that can be evaluated by numerical integration. The resulting numerical solutions retain the linear independence that is the main advantage of asymptotic solutions. Examples, including the Falkner-Skan equation from laminar boundary layer theory, illustrate the method of asymptotic analysis with numerical integration.
Asymptotic Behavior of Solutions to a Linear Volterra Integrodifferential System
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Yue-Wen Cheng
2013-01-01
Full Text Available We investigate the asymptotic behavior of solutions to a linear Volterra integrodifferential system , We show that under some suitable conditions, there exists a solution for the above integrodifferential system, which is asymptotically equivalent to some given functions. Two examples are given to illustrate our theorem.
Asymptotic Solutions of Serial Radial Fuel Shuffling
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Xue-Nong Chen
2015-12-01
Full Text Available In this paper, the mechanism of traveling wave reactors (TWRs is investigated from the mathematical physics point of view, in which a stationary fission wave is formed by radial fuel drifting. A two dimensional cylindrically symmetric core is considered and the fuel is assumed to drift radially according to a continuous fuel shuffling scheme. A one-group diffusion equation with burn-up dependent macroscopic coefficients is set up. The burn-up dependent macroscopic coefficients were assumed to be known as functions of neutron fluence. By introducing the effective multiplication factor keff, a nonlinear eigenvalue problem is formulated. The 1-D stationary cylindrical coordinate problem can be solved successively by analytical and numerical integrations for associated eigenvalues keff. Two representative 1-D examples are shown for inward and outward fuel drifting motions, respectively. The inward fuel drifting has a higher keff than the outward one. The 2-D eigenvalue problem has to be solved by a more complicated method, namely a pseudo time stepping iteration scheme. Its 2-D asymptotic solutions are obtained together with certain eigenvalues keff for several fuel inward drifting speeds. Distributions of the neutron flux, the neutron fluence, the infinity multiplication factor kinf and the normalized power are presented for two different drifting speeds.
An asymptotic solution of large-N QCD
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Bochicchio Marco
2014-01-01
Full Text Available We find an asymptotic solution for two-, three- and multi-point correlators of local gauge-invariant operators, in a lower-spin sector of massless large-N QCD, in terms of glueball and meson propagators, in such a way that the solution is asymptotic in the ultraviolet to renormalization-group improved perturbation theory, by means of a new purely field-theoretical technique that we call the asymptotically-free bootstrap, based on a recently-proved asymptotic structure theorem for two-point correlators. The asymptotically-free bootstrap provides as well asymptotic S-matrix amplitudes in terms of glueball and meson propagators. Remarkably, the asymptotic S-matrix depends only on the unknown particle spectrum, but not on the anomalous dimensions, as a consequence of the LS Z reduction formulae. Very many physics consequences follow, both practically and theoretically. In fact, the asymptotic solution sets the strongest constraints on any actual solution of large-N QCD, and in particular on any string solution.
Asymptotic solutions of magnetohydrodynamics equations near the derivatives discontinuity lines
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Asymptotic solutions of one-dimensional and scalar magnetohydrodynamics equations near the derivatives discontinuity lines have been discussed. The equations of magnetohydrodynamics for the cases of finite and infinite conductivities are formulated and the problem of eigenvalues and eigenvectors is solved. The so called transport equations which describe the behaviour of derivatives in solutions of the quasilinear equations have been used to find the asymptotic solutions of the magnetohydrodynamics equations. (S.B.)
ASYMPTOTIC SOLUTION TO NONLINEAR ECOLOGICAL REACTION DIFFUSION SYSTEM
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2010-01-01
Nonlinear ecological species group singularly perturbed initial boundary value problems for reaction diffusion systems are considered. Under suitable conditions, using the theory of differential inequalities, the existence and asymptotic behavior of solution to initial boundary value problems are studied.
Asymptotic traveling wave solution for a credit rating migration problem
Liang, Jin; Wu, Yuan; Hu, Bei
2016-07-01
In this paper, an asymptotic traveling wave solution of a free boundary model for pricing a corporate bond with credit rating migration risk is studied. This is the first study to associate the asymptotic traveling wave solution to the credit rating migration problem. The pricing problem with credit rating migration risk is modeled by a free boundary problem. The existence, uniqueness and regularity of the solution are obtained. Under some condition, we proved that the solution of our credit rating problem is convergent to a traveling wave solution, which has an explicit form. Furthermore, numerical examples are presented.
ASYMPTOTIC BEHAVIOR OF SOLUTION FOR NONLOCAL REACTION-DIFFUSION SYSTEM
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
栗付才; 陈有朋; 谢春红
2003-01-01
This paper deals with reaction-diffusion system with nonlocal source. It isproved that there exists a unique classical solution and the solution either exists globallyor blows up in finite time. Furthermore, its blow-up set and asymptotic behavior areobtained provided that the solution blows up in finite time.
AN ASYMPTOTIC SOLUTION OF THE NONLINEAR REDUCED WAVE EQUATION
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2001-01-01
This paper uses the boundary layer theory to obtain an asymptotic solution of the nonlinear educed wave equation. This solution is valid in the secular region where the geometrical optics result fails. However it agrees with the geometrical optics result when the field is away from the secular region. By using this solution the self-focusing length can also be obtained.
Asymptotic Bifurcation Solutions for Perturbed Kuramoto-Sivashinsky Equation
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
HUANG Qiong-Wei; TANG Jia-Shi
2011-01-01
Stability and dynamic bifurcation in the perturbed Kuramoto-Sivashinsky (KS) equation with Dirichlet boundary condition are investigated by using central manifold reduction procedure.The result shows, as the bifurcation parameter crosses a critical value, the system undergoes a pitchfork bifurcation to produce two asymptotically stable solutions.Furthermore, when the distance from bifurcation is of comparable order ∈2 (｜∈｜ (≤) 1), the first two terms in e-expansions for the new asymptotic bifurcation solutions are derived by multiscale expansion method.Such information is useful to the bifurcation control.
EVANS FUNCTIONS AND ASYMPTOTIC STABILITY OF TRAVELING WAVE SOLUTIONS
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2001-01-01
This paper studies the asymptotic stability of traveling wave solutions of nonlinear systems of integral-differential equations. It has been established that linear stability of traveling waves is equivalent to nonlinear stability and some “nice structure” of the spectrum of an associated operator implies the linear stability. By using the method of variation of parameter, the author defines some complex analytic function, called the Evans function. The zeros of the Evans function corresponds to the eigenvalues of the associated linear operator. By calculating the zeros of the Evans function, the asymptotic stability of the travling wave solutions is established.
General Solution for the Static, Spherical and Asymptotically Flat Braneworld
Akama, Keiichi; Mukaida, Hisamitsu
2011-01-01
The general solution for the static, spherical and asymptotically flat braneworld is derived by solving the bulk Einstein equation and braneworld dynamics. We show that it involves a large arbitrariness, which reduces the predictability of the theories. Ways out of the difficulty are discussed.
Asymptotic stability of solutions to elastic systems with structural damping
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Hongxia Fan
2014-11-01
Full Text Available In this article, we study the asymptotic stability of solutions for the initial value problems of second order evolution equations in Banach spaces, which can model elastic systems with structural damping. The discussion is based on exponentially stable semigroups theory. Applications to the vibration equation of elastic beams with structural damping are also considered.
The Asymptotic Behavior for Numerical Solution of a Volterra Equation
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Da Xu
2003-01-01
Long-time asymptotic stability and convergence properties for the numerical solution of a Volterra equation of parabolic type are studied. The methods are based on the first-second order backward difference methods. The memory term is approximated by the convolution quadrature and the interpolant quadrature. Discretization of the spatial partial differential operators by the finite element method is also considered.
A Note on Solutions for Asymptotically Linear Elliptic Systems
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
2008-01-01
In this paper, we axe concerned with the elliptic system of -△u+V(x)u=g(=x,v),x=∈RN,-△v+V(x)v=f(x, u), x∈RN, where V(x) is a continuous potential well, f, g are continuous and asymptotically linear as t→∞. The existence of a positive solution and ground state solution are established via variational methods.
Asymptotic Behavior for Solution of Reaction-Diffusion Systems
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M. Yahi
2007-01-01
Full Text Available The existence, uniqueness, and asymptotic behavior of the solution of a balanced two-component reaction-diffusion system have been investigated. It was shown that a global and unique solution existed and its second component can be estimated using the Lyapunov Functional. It was, also, demonstrated that each component of the solution converged, at infinity, to a constant which can be found in terms of the reacting function and the initial data. The results of the current research can be used in several areas of applied mathematics, especially when the system equations originate from mathematical models of real systems such as in Biology, Chemistry, Population Dynamics, and other disciplines.
Asymptotic Reissner-Nordstr\\"om solution within nonlinear electrodynamics
Kruglov, S I
2016-01-01
A model of nonlinear electrodynamics coupled with the gravitational field is studied. We obtain the asymptotic black hole solutions at $r\\rightarrow 0$ and $r\\rightarrow \\infty$. The asymptotic at $r\\rightarrow 0$ is shown, and we find corrections to the Reissner-Nordstr\\"om solution and Coulomb's law at $r\\rightarrow\\infty$. The mass of the black hole is evaluated having the electromagnetic origin. We investigate the thermodynamics of charged black holes and their thermal stability. The critical point corresponding to the second-order phase transition (where heat capacity diverges) is found. If the mass of the black hole is greater than the critical mass, the black hole becomes unstable.
Asymptotic Reissner-Nordström solution within nonlinear electrodynamics
Kruglov, S. I.
2016-08-01
A model of nonlinear electrodynamics coupled with the gravitational field is studied. We obtain the asymptotic black hole solutions at r →0 and r →∞ . The asymptotic at r →0 is shown, and we find corrections to the Reissner-Nordström solution and Coulomb's law at r →∞ . The mass of the black hole is evaluated having the electromagnetic origin. We investigate the thermodynamics of charged black holes and their thermal stability. The critical point corresponding to the second-order phase transition (where heat capacity diverges) is found. If the mass of the black hole is greater than the critical mass, the black hole becomes unstable.
AN ASYMPTOTIC SOLUTION OF VELOCITY FIELD IN SHIP WAVES
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
WU Yun-gang; TAO Ming-de
2006-01-01
The stationary phase method in conventional Lighthill's two-stage scheme to get the expressions of the velocity field was given up in this paper. The method that Ursell had used in deducing the elevation expression of ship wave was adopted, and an asymptotic solution of velocity field of ship waves on an inviscid fluid that is perfectly fit for the region inside and outside the critical lines was obtained. It is very convenient to be used in SAR technique.
Asymptotics of Time Harmonic Solutions to a Thin Ferroelectric Model
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Naïma Aïssa
2007-01-01
Full Text Available We introduce new model equations to describe the dynamics of the electric polarization in a ferroelectric material. We consider a thin cylinder representing the material with thickness ɛ and discuss the asymptotic behavior of the time harmonic solutions to the model when ɛ tends to 0. We obtain a reduced model settled in the cross-section of the cylinder describing the dynamics of the plane components of the polarization and electric fields.
Solute transport through porous media using asymptotic dispersivity
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
P K Sharma; Teodrose Atnafu Abgaze
2015-08-01
In this paper, multiprocess non-equilibrium transport equation has been used, which accounts for both physical and chemical non-equilibrium for reactive transport through porous media. An asymptotic distance dependent dispersivity is used to embrace the concept of scale-dependent dispersion for solute transport in heterogeneous porous media. Semi-analytical solution has been derived of the governing equations with an asymptotic distance dependent dispersivity by using Laplace transform technique and the power series method. For application of analytical model, we simulated observed experimental breakthrough curves from 1500 cm long soil column experiments conducted in the laboratory. The simulation results of break-through curves were found to deviate from the observed breakthrough curves for both mobile–immobile and multiprocess non-equilibrium transport with constant dispersion models. However, multiprocess non-equilibrium with an asymptotic dispersion model gives better fit of experimental breakthrough curves through long soil column and hence it is more useful for describing anomalous solute transport through hetero-geneous porous media. The present model is simpler than the stochastic numerical method.
Numerical Approximation of Asymptotically Disappearing Solutions of Maxwell's Equations
Adler, J H; Zikatanov, L T
2012-01-01
This work is on the numerical approximation of incoming solutions to Maxwell's equations with dissipative boundary conditions whose energy decays exponentially with time. Such solutions are called asymptotically disappearing (ADS) and they play an importarnt role in inverse back-scatering problems. The existence of ADS is a difficult mathematical problem. For the exterior of a sphere, such solutions have been constructed analytically by Colombini, Petkov and Rauch [7] by specifying appropriate initial conditions. However, for general domains of practical interest (such as Lipschitz polyhedra), the existence of such solutions is not evident. This paper considers a finite-element approximation of Maxwell's equations in the exterior of a polyhedron, whose boundary approximates the sphere. Standard Nedelec-Raviart-Thomas elements are used with a Crank-Nicholson scheme to approximate the electric and magnetic fields. Discrete initial conditions interpolating the ones chosen in [7] are modified so that they are (we...
Global, uniform, asymptotic wave-equation solutions for large wavenumbers
Klauder, John R.
1987-11-01
For each of a large class of linear wave equations-relevant, for example, to very general acoustical or optical propagation problems-we develop within a single expression a global, uniform, asymptotic solution for large wavenumbers (small wavelengths) based on coherentstate transformation techniques. Such techniques effectively separate the configuration-space field into its orientational components, and are thus analogous to a phase-space description of rays by their position and direction. The resultant coherent-state approximation offers distinct advantages over more traditional asymptotic approximations based on direct or Fourier transform techniques. In particular, coherent-state methods lead to an everywhere well-defined approximation independent of the complexity of the caustic structure, independent of whether there are a few or a vast number of relevant rays, or even in shadow regions where no conventional rays exist. For propagation in random media it is shown that coherent-state techniques also offer certain advantages. Approximations are developed for wave equations in an arbitrary number of space dimensions for single component fields as well as multicomponent fields that, for example, can account for backscattering. It is noteworthy that the coherentstate asymptotic approximation should lend itself to numerical studies as well.
Asymptotic solution for EI Nino-southern oscillation of nonlinear model
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
MO Jia-qi; LIN Wan-tao
2008-01-01
A class of nonlinear coupled system for E1 Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) model is considered. Using the asymptotic theory and method of variational iteration, the asymptotic expansion of the solution for ENSO models is obtained.
Asymptotic solution for heat convection-radiation equation
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Mabood, Fazle; Ismail, Ahmad Izani Md [School of Mathematical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 USM, Penang (Malaysia); Khan, Waqar A. [Department of Engineering Sciences, National University of Sciences and Technology, PN Engineering College, Karachi, 75350 (Pakistan)
2014-07-10
In this paper, we employ a new approximate analytical method called the optimal homotopy asymptotic method (OHAM) to solve steady state heat transfer problem in slabs. The heat transfer problem is modeled using nonlinear two-point boundary value problem. Using OHAM, we obtained the approximate analytical solution for dimensionless temperature with different values of a parameter ε. Further, the OHAM results for dimensionless temperature have been presented graphically and in tabular form. Comparison has been provided with existing results from the use of homotopy perturbation method, perturbation method and numerical method. For numerical results, we used Runge-Kutta Fehlberg fourth-fifth order method. It was found that OHAM produces better approximate analytical solutions than those which are obtained by homotopy perturbation and perturbation methods, in the sense of closer agreement with results obtained from the use of Runge-Kutta Fehlberg fourth-fifth order method.
Solution of internal erosion equations by asymptotic expansion
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Dubujet P.
2012-07-01
Full Text Available One dimensional coupled soil internal erosion and consolidation equations are considered in this work for the special case of well determined sand and clay mixtures with a small proportion of clay phase. An enhanced modelling of the effect of erosion on elastic soil behavior was introduced through damage mechanics concepts. A modified erosion law was proposed. The erosion phenomenon taking place inside the soil was shown to act like a perturbation affecting the classical soil consolidation equation. This interpretation has enabled considering an asymptotic expansion of the coupled erosion consolidation equations in terms of a perturbation parameter linked to the maximum expected internal erosion. A robust analytical solution was obtained via direct integration of equations at order zero and an adequate finite difference scheme that was applied at order one.
Exact solutions of dilaton gravity with (anti)-de Sitter asymptotics
Mignemi, S.
2009-01-01
We present a technique for obtaining spherically symmetric, asymptotically (anti)-de Sitter, black hole solutions of dilaton gravity with generic coupling to a Maxwell field, starting from exact asymptotically flat solutions and adding a suitable dilaton potential to the action.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Park Jong Yeoul
2007-01-01
Full Text Available We study the existence of global weak solutions for a hyperbolic differential inclusion with a source term, and then investigate the asymptotic stability of the solutions by using Nakao lemma.
Asymptotic Solution of the Theory of Shells Boundary Value Problem
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
I. V. Andrianov
2007-01-01
Full Text Available This paper provides a state-of-the-art review of asymptotic methods in the theory of plates and shells. Asymptotic methods of solving problems related to theory of plates and shells have been developed by many authors. The main features of our paper are: (i it is devoted to the fundamental principles of asymptotic approaches, and (ii it deals with both traditional approaches, and less widely used, new approaches. The authors have paid special attention to examples and discussion of results rather than to burying the ideas in formalism, notation, and technical details.
THE ASYMPTOTIC BEHAVIOR OF GLOBAL SMOOTH SOLUTIONS TO THE MACROSCOPIC MODELS FOR SEMICONDUCTORS
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2001-01-01
The authors study the asymptotic behavior of the smooth solutions to the Cauchy problems for two macroscopic models (hydrodynamic and drift-diffusion models) for semiconductors and the related relaxation limit problem. First, it is proved that the solutions to these two systems converge to the unique stationary solution time asymptotically without the smallness assumption on doping profile. Then, very sharp estimates on the smooth solutions, independent of the relaxation time, are obtained and used to establish the zero relaxation limit.
On the minimal speed and asymptotics of the wave solutions for the lotka volterra system
Hou, Xiaojie
2010-01-01
e study the minimal wave speed and the asymptotics of the traveling wave solutions of a competitive Lotka Volterra system. The existence of the traveling wave solutions is derived by monotone iteration. The asymptotic behaviors of the wave solutions are derived by comparison argument and the exponential dichotomy, which seems to be the key to understand the geometry and the stability of the wave solutions. Also the uniqueness and the monotonicity of the waves are investigated via a generalized sliding domain method.
Asymptotic Properties of Solutions of Parabolic Equations Arising from Transient Diffusions
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
A.M. Il'in; R.Z. Khasminskii; G. Yin
2002-01-01
This work is concerned with asymptotic properties of a class of parabolic systems arising from singularly perturbed diffusions. The underlying system has a fast varying component and a slowly changing component. One of the distinct features is that the fast varying diffusion is transient. Under such a setup, this paper presents an asymptotic analysis of the solutions of such parabolic equations. Asymptotic expansions of functional satisfying the parabolic system are obtained. Error bounds are derived.
Asymptotic Behavior of Periodic Wave Solution to the Hirota-Satsuma Equation
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
WU Yong-Qi
2011-01-01
The one- and two-periodic wave solutions (or the Hirota-Satsuma (HS) equation are presented by using the Hirota derivative and Riemann theta function. The rigorous proofs on asymptotic behaviors of these two solutions are given such that soliton solution can be obtained from the periodic wave solution in an appropriate limiting procedure.%@@ The one- and two-periodic wave solutions for the Hirota-Satsuma (HS) equation are presented by using the Hirota derivative and Riemann theta function.The rigorous proofs on asymptotic behaviors of these two solutions are g/ven such that soliton solution can be obtained from the periodic wave solution in an appropriate limiting procedure.
Solution of second-order linear system by matched asymptotic expansions
Ardema, M. D.
1982-01-01
Matched asymptotic expansions (MAE) are used to obtain a first order approximation to the solution of a singularly perturbed second order system. A special case is considered in which the uniform asymptotic solution obtained by MAE is shown to converge to the exact solution. Ways in which the method can be used to sole higher-order linear systems, including those which are not singularly perturbed, are also discussed.
ASYMPTOTIC SOLUTION OF ACTIVATOR INHIBITOR SYSTEMS FOR NONLINEAR REACTION DIFFUSION EQUATIONS
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Jiaqi MO; Wantao LIN
2008-01-01
A nonlinear reaction diffusion equations for activator inhibitor systems is considered. Under suitable conditions, firstly, the outer solution of the original problem is obtained, secondly, using the variables of multiple scales and the expanding theory of power series the formal asymptotic expansions of the solution are constructed, and finally, using the theory of differential inequalities the uniform validity and asymptotic behavior of the solution are studied.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Zhanhua Yu
2011-01-01
Full Text Available We study the almost surely asymptotic stability of exact solutions to neutral stochastic pantograph equations (NSPEs, and sufficient conditions are obtained. Based on these sufficient conditions, we show that the backward Euler method (BEM with variable stepsize can preserve the almost surely asymptotic stability. Numerical examples are demonstrated for illustration.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
黎勇; 陈丽
2002-01-01
In this paper, we study the asymptotic behavior of global smooth solution to the initial boundary problem for the 1-D energy transport model in semiconductor science. We prove that the smooth solution of the problem converges to a stationary solution exponentially fast as t - ∞ when the initial data is a small perturbation of the stationary solution.
ASYMPTOTIC BEHAVIOR OF SOLUTION FOR A CLASS OF REACTION DIFFUSION EQUATIONS
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
MoJiaqi; LinWantao; ZhuJiang
2004-01-01
A class of initial boundary value problems for the reaction diffusion equations are considered. The asymptotic behavior of solution for the problem is obtained using the theory of differential inequality.
Asymptotic analysis of fundamental solutions of Dirac operators on even dimensional Euclidean spaces
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We analyze the short distance asymptotic behavior of some quantities formed out of fundamental solutions of Dirac operators on even dimensional Euclidean spaces with finite dimensional matrix-valued potentials. (orig.)
Guiling Chen
2011-01-01
We study a class of linear non-autonomous neutral delay differential equations, and establish a criterion for the asymptotic behavior of their solutions, by using the corresponding characteristic equation.
Sharp asymptotic estimates for vorticity solutions of the 2D Navier-Stokes equation
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Yuncheng You
2008-12-01
Full Text Available The asymptotic dynamics of high-order temporal-spatial derivatives of the two-dimensional vorticity and velocity of an incompressible, viscous fluid flow in $mathbb{R}^2$ are studied, which is equivalent to the 2D Navier-Stokes equation. It is known that for any integrable initial vorticity, the 2D vorticity solution converges to the Oseen vortex. In this paper, sharp exterior decay estimates of the temporal-spatial derivatives of the vorticity solution are established. These estimates are then used and combined with similarity and $L^p$ compactness to show the asymptotical attraction rates of temporal-spatial derivatives of generic 2D vorticity and velocity solutions by the Oseen vortices and velocity solutions respectively. The asymptotic estimates and the asymptotic attraction rates of all the derivatives obtained in this paper are independent of low or high Reynolds numbers.
S-asymptotically -periodic Solutions of R-L Fractional Derivative-Integral Equation
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
WANG Bing
2015-01-01
The aim of this paper is to study the S-asymptotically ω-periodic solutions of R-L fractional derivative-integral equation:is a linear densely defined operator of sectorial type on a completed Banach space X, f is a continuous function satisfying a suitable Lipschitz type condition. We will use the contraction mapping theory to prove problem (1) and (2) has a unique S-asymptotically ω-periodic solution if the function f satisfies Lipshcitz condition.
Asymptotics for the greatest zeros of solutions of a particular O.D.E.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Silvia Noschese
1994-05-01
Full Text Available This paper deals with the Liouville-Stekeloff method for approximating solutions of homogeneous linear ODE and a general result due to Tricomi which provides estimates for the zeros of functions by means of the knowledge of an asymptotic representation. From the classical tools we deduce information about the asymptotics of the greatest zeros of a class of solutions of a particular ODE, including the classical Hermite polynomials.
Asymptotic Stability and Balanced Growth Solution of the Singular Dynamic Input-Output System＊
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
ChonghuiGuo; HuanwenTang
2004-01-01
The dynamic input-output system is well known in economic theory and practice. In this paper the asymptotic stability and balanced growth solution of the dynamic input-output system are considered. Under three natural assumptions, we obtain four theorems about asymptotic stability and balanced growth solution of the dynamic input-output system and bring together in a unified manner some contributions scattered in the literature.
Self-similar cosmological solutions with dark energy. I. Formulation and asymptotic analysis
Harada, Tomohiro; Maeda, Hideki; Carr, B. J.
2008-01-01
Based on the asymptotic analysis of ordinary differential equations, we classify all spherically symmetric self-similar solutions to the Einstein equations which are asymptotically Friedmann at large distances and contain a perfect fluid with equation of state p=(γ-1)μ with 0antigravity. This extends the previous analysis of spherically symmetric self-similar solutions for fluids with positive pressure (γ>1). However, in the latter case there is an additional parameter associated with the weak discontinuity at the sonic point and the solutions are only asymptotically “quasi-Friedmann,” in the sense that they exhibit an angle deficit at large distances. In the 0<γ<2/3 case, there is no sonic point and there exists a one-parameter family of solutions which are genuinely asymptotically Friedmann at large distances. We find eight classes of asymptotic behavior: Friedmann or quasi-Friedmann or quasistatic or constant-velocity at large distances, quasi-Friedmann or positive-mass singular or negative-mass singular at small distances, and quasi-Kantowski-Sachs at intermediate distances. The self-similar asymptotically quasistatic and quasi-Kantowski-Sachs solutions are analytically extendible and of great cosmological interest. We also investigate their conformal diagrams. The results of the present analysis are utilized in an accompanying paper to obtain and physically interpret numerical solutions.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
王金良; 周笠
2003-01-01
In this paper,our main aim is to study the existence and uniqueness of the periodic solution of delayed Logistic equation and its asymptotic behavior.In case the coefficients are periodic,we give some sufficient conditions for the existence and uniqueness of periodic solution.Furthermore,we also study the effect of time-delay on the solution.
Non-asymptotically AdS/dS Solutions and Their Higher Dimensional Origins
Cai, R G; Cai, Rong-Gen; Wang, Anzhong
2004-01-01
We look for and analyze in some details some exact solutions of Einstein-Maxwell-dilaton gravity with one or two Liouville-type dilaton potential(s) in an arbitrary dimension. Such a theory could be obtained by dimensionally reducing Einstein-Maxwell theory with a cosmological constant to a lower dimension. These (neutral/magnetic/electric charged) solutions can have a (two) black hole horizon(s), cosmological horizon, or a naked singularity. Black hole horizon or cosmological horizon of these solutions can be a hypersurface of positive, zero or negative constant curvature. These exact solutions are neither asymptotically flat, nor asymptotically AdS/dS. But some of them can be uplifted to a higher dimension, and those higher dimensional solutions are either asymptotically flat, or asymptotically AdS/dS with/without a compact constant curvature space. This observation is useful to better understand holographic properties of these non-asymptotically AdS/dS solutions.
Asymptotically AdS Solutions of Five Dimensional Gravity-Dilaton Theory
Nata Atmaja, Ardian
2016-08-01
We search for Asymptotically AdS solutions of the background metric in which dilaton back reacts to gravity in five-dimensional gravity-dilaton theory. The five-dimensional gravity-dilaton theory generally appears in the context of the low energy effective action of closed string theory in the Einstein frame. In particular, we consider dilaton which are minimally coupled to gravity in which the potential for dilation is taken to be simple and contain only one exponential term parametrized by a constant a. We solve analytically and show for a simple constant dilaton potential it appears there are no black hole solutions if we turn on the dilaton contribution. On the other hand, the exponential dilaton potential has black hole solutions but they are not in general Asymptotically AdS. We argue that there are some possible Asymptotically AdS black hole solutions in the range of |a| \\lt \\frac{4}{\\sqrt{6}}
Asymptotical solutions of coupled nonlinear Schr(o)dinger equations with perturbations
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Cheng Xue-Ping; Lin Ji; Ye Li-Jun
2007-01-01
In this paper Lou's direct perturbation method is applied to the perturbed coupled nonlinear Schr(o)dinger equations to obtain their asymptotical solutions, which include not only the zero-order solutions but also the first-order modifications. Based on the asymptotical solutions, the effects of perturbations on soliton parameters and the collision between two solitons are then discussed in brief. Furthermore, we directly simulate the perturbed coupled nonlinear Schr(o)dinger equations by split-step Fourier method to check the validity of the direct perturbation method. It turns out that our analytical results are well supported by the numerical calculations.
THE ASYMPTOTIC BEHAVIOR OF SOLUTION FOR THE NONLINEAR HEAT-CONDUCTION EQUATION AND ITS APPLICATION
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
陈方年; 段志文
2001-01-01
In this paper the nonlinear heat-conduction equations with Dirichlet boundary condition and the nonlinear boundary condition are studied. The asymptotic behavior of the global of solution are analyzed by using Lyapuunov function.As its application, the approximate solutions are constructed.
ASYMPTOTIC BEHAVIOR OF SOLUTIONS TO SECOND ORDER IMPULSIVE DIFFERENTIAL EQUATION ON TIME SCALES
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2011-01-01
In this paper,we investigate a second order impulsive differential equation on time scales.Sufficient conditions are given to guarantee that the solutions tend to zero.The notable effect of impulse upon the asymptotic behavior of solutions is stressed in this paper.At last,we illustrate our results with two examples.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Zai-ying ZHOU; Jia-qi MO
2012-01-01
A class of differential-difference reaction diffusion equations initial boundary problem with a small time delay is considered.Under suitable conditions and by using method of the stretched variable,the formal asymptotic solution is constructed. And then,by using the theory of differential inequalities the uniformly validity of solution is proved.
Asymptotic Behavior of Global Solution for Nonlinear Generalized Euler-Possion-Darboux Equation
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
LIANGBao-song; CHENZhen
2004-01-01
J. L Lions and W. A. Stranss [1] have proved the existence of a global solution of the initial boundary value problem for nonlinear generalized Euler-Possion-Darboux equation. In this paper we are going to investigate the asymptotic behavior of the global solution by a difference inequality.
ASYMPTOTIC BEHAVIOR OF SOLUTIONS FOR A CLASS OF DELAY DIFFERENCE EQUATION
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
ZhuHuiyan; HuangLihong
2005-01-01
We propose a class of delay difference equation with piecewise constant nonlinearity. Such a delay difference equation can be regarded as the discrete analog of a differential equation. The convergence of solutions and the existence of asymptotically stable periodic solutions are investigated for such a class of difference equation.
ASYMPTOTIC SOLUTION TO NONLINEAR REACTION DIFFUSION EQUATION WITH TWO SMALL PARAMETERS
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2010-01-01
In this paper, a class of nonlinear reaction diffusion singularly perturbed problem with two parameters is studied. Using the singular perturbation method, the structure of solution to the problem is discussed related two small parameters. The asymptotic solution to the problem is given.
Solution of the Falkner-Skan wedge flow by a revised optimal homotopy asymptotic method.
Madaki, A G; Abdulhameed, M; Ali, M; Roslan, R
2016-01-01
In this paper, a revised optimal homotopy asymptotic method (OHAM) is applied to derive an explicit analytical solution of the Falkner-Skan wedge flow problem. The comparisons between the present study with the numerical solutions using (fourth order Runge-Kutta) scheme and with analytical solution using HPM-Padé of order [4/4] and order [13/13] show that the revised form of OHAM is an extremely effective analytical technique. PMID:27186477
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Sakovich, Anna, E-mail: sakovich@math.kth.s [Institutionen foer Matematik, Kungliga Tekniska Hoegskolan, 100 44 Stockholm (Sweden)
2010-12-21
We follow the approach employed by Y Choquet-Bruhat, J Isenberg and D Pollack in the case of closed manifolds and establish existence and non-existence results for constant mean curvature solutions of the Einstein-scalar field constraint equations on asymptotically hyperbolic manifolds.
The exact asymptotic behaviour of the unique solution to a singular Dirichlet problem
Yu Jianning; Zhang Zhijun
2006-01-01
By Karamata regular variation theory, we show the existence and exact asymptotic behaviour of the unique classical solution near the boundary to a singular Dirichlet problem , , , , where is a bounded domain with smooth boundary in , , , for each and some ; and for some , which is nonnegative on and may be unbounded or singular on the boundary.
Multiple Solutions for a Fourth-order Asymptotically Linear Elliptic Problem
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Ai Xia QIAN; Shu Jie LI
2006-01-01
Under simple conditions, we prove the existence of three solutions for a fourth-order asymptotically linear elliptic boundary value problem. For the resonance case at infinity, we do not need to assume any more conditions to ensure the boundedness of the (PS) sequence of the corresponding functional.
MULTIPLICITY OF SOLUTIONS TO ASYMPTOTICALLY LINEAR SECOND-ORDER ORDINARY DIFFERENTIAL SYSTEM
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2011-01-01
In this paper,we consider an asymptotically linear second-order ordinary differential system with Dirchlet boundary value conditions. Under some conditions,we show the multiplicity of solutions to the system by the Morse theory and an index theory.
ASYMPTOTIC BEHAVIOR OF GLOBAL SMOOTH SOLUTIONS TO THE EULER-POISSON SYSTEM IN SEMICONDUCTORS
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
琚强昌
2002-01-01
In this paper, we establish the global existence and the asymptotic behavior of smooth solution to the initial-boundary value problem of Euler-Poisson system which is used as the bipolar hydrodynamic model for semiconductors with the nonnegative constant doping profile.
Asymptotic solutions for laminar flow in a channel with uniformly accelerating rigid porous walls
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2007-01-01
A theoretical investigation was done for the generalized Berman problem, which arises in steady laminar flow of an incompressible viscous fluid along a channel with accelerating rigid porous walls. The existence of multiple solutions and its conditions were established by taking into account exponentially small terms in matched asymptotic expansion. The correctness of the analytical predictions was verified by numerical results.
Tables of generalized Airy functions for the asymptotic solution of the differential equation
Nosova, L N
1965-01-01
Tables of Generalized Airy Functions for the Asymptotic Solution of the Differential Equations contains tables of the special functions, namely, the generalized Airy functions, and their first derivatives, for real and pure imaginary values. The tables are useful for calculations on toroidal shells, laminae, rode, and for the solution of certain other problems of mathematical physics. The values of the functions were computed on the ""Strela"" highspeed electronic computer.This book will be of great value to mathematicians, researchers, and students.
Weak asymptotic solution for a non-strictly hyperbolic system of conservation laws-II
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Manas Ranjan Sahoo
2016-04-01
Full Text Available In this article we introduce a concept of entropy weak asymptotic solution for a system of conservation laws and construct the same for a prolonged system of conservation laws which is highly non-strictly hyperbolic. This is first done for Riemann type initial data by introducing $\\delta,\\delta',\\delta''$ waves along a discontinuity curve and then for general initial data by piecing together the Riemann solutions.
Asymptotically flat, stable black hole solutions in Einstein-Yang-Mills-Chern-Simons theory.
Brihaye, Yves; Radu, Eugen; Tchrakian, D H
2011-02-18
We construct finite mass, asymptotically flat black hole solutions in d=5 Einstein-Yang-Mills-Chern-Simons theory. Our results indicate the existence of a second order phase transition between Reissner-Nordström solutions and the non-Abelian black holes which generically are thermodynamically preferred. Some of the non-Abelian configurations are also stable under linear, spherically symmetric perturbations. PMID:21405506
TIME-ASYMPTOTIC BEHAVIOR OF SOLUTIONS FOR GENERAL NAVIER-STOKES EQUATIONS IN EVEN SPACE-DIMENSION
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Xu Hongmei
2001-01-01
We study the time-asymptotic behavior of solutions to general NavierStokes equations in even and higher than two space-dimensions. Through the pointwise estimates of the Green function of the linearized system, we obtain explicit expressions of the time-asymptotic behavior of the solutions. The result coincides with weak Huygan's principle.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Jafar Biazar
2015-01-01
Full Text Available We combine the Adomian decomposition method (ADM and Adomian’s asymptotic decomposition method (AADM for solving Riccati equations. We investigate the approximate global solution by matching the near-field approximation derived from the Adomian decomposition method with the far-field approximation derived from Adomian’s asymptotic decomposition method for Riccati equations and in such cases when we do not find any region of overlap between the obtained approximate solutions by the two proposed methods, we connect the two approximations by the Padé approximant of the near-field approximation. We illustrate the efficiency of the technique for several specific examples of the Riccati equation for which the exact solution is known in advance.
Frid, Hermano; Rendón, Leonardo
We prove the asymptotic stability of nonplanar two-states Riemann solutions in BGK approximations of a class of multidimensional systems of conservation laws. The latter consists of systems whose flux-functions in different directions share a common complete system of Riemann invariants, the level surfaces of which are hyperplanes. The asymptotic stability to which the main result refers is in the sense of the convergence as t→∞ in Lloc1 of the space of directions ζ=x/t. That is, the solution z(t,x,ξ) of the perturbed Cauchy problem for the corresponding BGK system satisfies ∫z(t,tζ,ξ) dμ(ξ)→R(ζ) as t→∞, in Lloc1(R), where R(ζ) is the self-similar entropy solution of the two-states nonplanar Riemann problem for the system of conservation laws.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
薛强; 梁冰; 刘晓丽; 李宏艳
2003-01-01
The process of contaminant transport is a problem of multicomponent and multiphase flow in unsaturated zone. Under the presupposition that gas existence affects water transport , a coupled mathematical model of contaminant transport in unsaturated zone has been established based on fluid-solid interaction mechanics theory. The asymptotical solutions to the nonlinear coupling mathematical model were accomplished by the perturbation and integral transformation method. The distribution law of pore pressure,pore water velocity and contaminant concentration in unsaturated zone has been presented under the conditions of with coupling and without coupling gas phase. An example problem was used to provide a quantitative verification and validation of the model. The asymptotical solution was compared with Faust model solution. The comparison results show reasonable agreement between asymptotical solution and Faust solution, and the gas effect and media deformation has a large impact on the contaminant transport. The theoretical basis is provided for forecasting contaminant transport and the determination of the relationship among pressure-saturation-permeability in laboratory.
Asymptotic solution for a class of weakly nonlinear singularly perturbed reaction diffusion problem
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
TANG Rong-rong
2009-01-01
Under appropriate conditions, with the perturbation method and the theory of differential inequalities, a class of weakly nonlinear singularly perturbed reaction diffusion problem is considered. The existence of solution of the original problem is proved by constructing the auxiliary functions. The uniformly valid asymptotic expansions of the solution for arbitrary mth order approximation are obtained through constructing the formal solutions of the original problem, expanding the nonlinear terms to the power in small parameter e and comparing the coefficient for the same powers of ε. Finally, an example is provided, resulting in the error of O(ε2).
Quasi-Periodic Solutions and Asymptotic Properties for the Isospectral BKP Equation
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
In this paper, based on a Riemann theta function and Hirota's bilinear form, a straightforward way is presented to explicitly construct Riemann theta functions periodic waves solutions of the isospectral BKP equation. Once the bilinear form of an equation obtained, its periodic wave solutions can be directly obtained by means of an unified theta function formula and the way of obtaining the bilinear form is given in this paper. Based on this, the Riemann theta function periodic wave solutions and soliton solutions are presented. The relations between the periodic wave solutions and soliton solutions are strictly established and asymptotic behaviors of the Riemann theta function periodic waves are analyzed by a limiting procedure. The N-soliton solutions of isospectral BKP equation are presented with its detailed proof. (general)
The exact asymptotic behavior of boundary blow-up solutions to infinity Laplacian equations
Wan, Haitao
2016-08-01
In this paper, we study the asymptotic behavior of viscosity solutions to boundary blow-up elliptic problem {Δ_{∞}u=b(x)f(u), xinΩ, u|_{partialΩ}=+∞,} where {Ω} is a bounded domain with C 2-boundary in {{R}N}, {bin C(bar{Ω})} is positive in {Ω}, which may be vanishing on the boundary, {fin C1([0, ∞))} is regularly varying or is rapidly varying at infinity.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The generalized fractional elastic models govern the stochastic motion of several many-body systems, e.g., polymers, membranes, and growing interfaces. This paper focuses on the exact formulations and their asymptotic behaviors of the average of the solutions of the generalized fractional elastic models. So we directly analyze the Cauchy problem of the averaged generalized elastic model involving time fractional derivative and the convolution integral of a radially symmetric friction kernel with space fractional Laplacian. (general)
On asymptotic time decay of solutions to a parabolic equation in unbounded domains
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
P. Maremonti
1991-05-01
Full Text Available Estimates on the asymptotic behaviour of solutions to a parabolic equation are given, when the I.B.V.P. is posed in particular domains. More precisely, the domain Ω is unbounded, unbounded in any direction, and Ω is enclosed in a wedge or in a cone of two or three-dimensional Euclidean space. It is proved that the order of decay is increasing for decreasing opening of the wedge or of the cone.
Asymptotic Behavior of Solutions to a Vector Integral Equation with Deviating Arguments
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Cristóbal González
2013-01-01
Full Text Available In this paper, we propose the study of an integral equation, with deviating arguments, of the type y(t=ω(t-∫0∞f(t,s,y(γ1(s,…,y(γN(sds,t≥0, in the context of Banach spaces, with the intention of giving sufficient conditions that ensure the existence of solutions with the same asymptotic behavior at ∞ as ω(t. A similar equation, but requiring a little less restrictive hypotheses, is y(t=ω(t-∫0∞q(t,sF(s,y(γ1(s,…,y(γN(sds,t≥0. In the case of q(t,s=(t-s+, its solutions with asymptotic behavior given by ω(t yield solutions of the second order nonlinear abstract differential equation y''(t-ω''(t+F(t,y(γ1(t,…,y(γN(t=0, with the same asymptotic behavior at ∞ as ω(t.
Asymptotic Convergence of the Solutions of a Dynamic Equation on Discrete Time Scales
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
J. Diblík
2012-01-01
Full Text Available The paper investigates a dynamic equation Δy(tn=β(tn[y(tn−j−y(tn−k] for n→∞, where k and j are integers such that k>j≥0, on an arbitrary discrete time scale T:={tn} with tn∈ℝ, n∈ℤn0−k∞={n0−k,n0−k+1,…}, n0∈ℕ, tn
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Jacqueline Fleckinger
2001-12-01
Full Text Available We study the asymptotic behavior of positive solutions $u$ of $$ -Delta_p u(x = V(x u(x^{p-1}, quad p>1; x in Omega,$$ and related partial differential inequalities, as well as conditions for existence of such solutions. Here, $Omega$ contains the exterior of a ball in $mathbb{R}^N$ $1
Asymptotic solution for high vorticity regions in incompressible 3D Euler equations
Agafontsev, D S; Mailybaev, A A
2016-01-01
Incompressible 3D Euler equations develop high vorticity in very thin pancake-like regions from generic large-scale initial conditions. In this work we propose an exact solution of the Euler equations for the asymptotic pancake evolution. This solution combines a shear flow aligned with an asymmetric straining flow, and is characterized by a single asymmetry parameter and an arbitrary transversal vorticity profile. The analysis is based on detailed comparison with numerical simulations performed using a pseudo-spectral method in anisotropic grids of up to 972 x 2048 x 4096.
Asymptotic Behaviors of the Solutions to Scalar Viscous Conservation Laws on Bounded Interval
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Quansen Jiu; Tao Pan
2003-01-01
This paper concerns the asymptotic behaviors of the solutions to the initial-boundary value problem for scalar viscous conservations laws ut + f(u)x = uxx on [0, 1], with the boundary condition u(0, t) =u_,u(1,t) = u+ and the initial data u(x, 0) = u0(x), where u_ ≠ u+ and f is a given function satisfying f″ (u) ＞ 0 for u under consideration. By means of energy estimates method and under some more regular conditions on the initial data, both the global existence and the asymptotic behavior are obtained. When u_ ＜ u+, which corresponds to rarefaction waves in inviscid conservation laws, no smallness conditions are needed. While for u_ ＞ u+, which corresponds to shock waves in inviscid conservation laws, it is established for weak shock waves, which means that |u_ - u+| is small. Moreover, exponential decay rates are both given.
Asymptotic solution of the turbulent mixing layer for velocity ratio close to unity
Higuera, F. J.; Jimenez, J.; Linan, A.
1996-01-01
The equations describing the first two terms of an asymptotic expansion of the solution of the planar turbulent mixing layer for values of the velocity ratio close to one are obtained. The first term of this expansion is the solution of the well-known time-evolving problem and the second, which includes the effects of the increase of the turbulence scales in the stream-wise direction, obeys a linear system of equations. Numerical solutions of these equations for a two-dimensional reacting mixing layer show that the correction to the time-evolving solution may explain the asymmetry of the entrainment and the differences in product generation observed in flip experiments.
Xu, Mei-Juan; Tian, Shou-Fu; Tu, Jian-Min; Ma, Pan-Li; Zhang, Tian-Tian
2015-08-01
In this paper, the (2+1)-dimensional Saweda-Kotera-Kadomtsev-Petviashvili (SK-KP) equation is investigated, which can be used to describe certain situations from the fluid mechanics, ocean dynamics and plasma physics. With the aid of generalized Bell's polynomials, the Hirota's bilinear equation and N-soliton solution are explicitly constructed to the SK-KP equation, respectively. Based on the Riemann theta function, a direct and lucid way is presented to explicitly construct quasi-periodic wave solutions for the SK-KP equation. The two-periodic waves admit two independent spatial periods in two independent horizontal directions, which are a direct generalization of one-periodic waves. Finally, the relationships between soliton solutions and periodic wave solutions are strictly established, which implies the asymptotic behaviors of the periodic waves under a limited procedure.
Frid, Hermano
2006-07-01
We prove the asymptotic stability of two-state nonplanar Riemann solutions for a class of multidimensional hyperbolic systems of conservation laws when the initial data are perturbed and viscosity is added. The class considered here is those systems whose flux functions in different directions share a common complete system of Riemann invariants, the level surfaces of which are hyperplanes. In particular, we obtain the uniqueness of the self-similar L ∞ entropy solution of the two-state nonplanar Riemann problem. The asymptotic stability to which the main result refers is in the sense of the convergence as t→∞ in L loc 1 of the space of directions ξ = x/t. That is, the solution u(t, x) of the perturbed problem satisfies u(t, t ξ)→R(ξ) as t→∞, in L loc 1(ℝ n ), where R(ξ) is the self-similar entropy solution of the corresponding two-state nonplanar Riemann problem.
Asymptotic Solutions of Algebraic Reynolds Stress Model Applied to Rough Bottom Open Channel Flow
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Soualmia Amel
2014-05-01
Full Text Available We interpret experimental results on the structure of an open channel flow with a strong transverse variation of the bottom roughness. Knowing the wall parameters, we analyze the behavior of Reynolds stress components by using asymptotic solutions of an algebraic stress model developed in the wall and free surface regions. This analysis allowed us to emphasize effects of secondary flows on the production of turbulence near the wall, and the capability of this model to predict the normal components of the Reynolds tensor in the wall and free surface regions when the turbulent shear stresses are well predicted.
Asymptotic Estimates to Non-global Solutions of a Multi-coupled Parabolic System
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Rui Hong JI; Si Ning ZHENG
2008-01-01
This paper deals with asymptotic behavior of solutions to a parabolic system,where two heat equations with inner absorptions are multi-coupled via inner sources and boundary flux.We determine four kinds of simultaneous blow-up rates under different dominations of nonlinearities in the model.Two characteristic algebraic systems associated with the problem are introduced to get very simple descriptions for the four simultaneous blow-up rates as well as the known critical exponents, respectively.It is observed that the blow-up rates are independent of the nonlinear inner absorptions.
Asymptotic behavior of positive solutions of a semilinear Dirichlet problem outside the unit ball
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Habib Maagli
2013-04-01
Full Text Available In this article, we are concerned with the existence, uniqueness and asymptotic behavior of a positive classical solution to the semilinear boundary-value problem $$displaylines{ -Delta u=a(xu^{sigma }quadext{in }D, cr lim _{|x|o 1}u(x= lim_{|x|o infty}u(x =0. }$$ Here D is the complement of the closed unit ball of $mathbb{R} ^n$ ($ngeq 3$, $sigma<1$ and the function a is a nonnegative function in $C_{m loc}^{gamma}(D$, $0
A uniformly valid asymptotic solution of the surface wave problem due to underwater sources
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The two-dimensional linearized problem of surface waves in water of finite (or infinite) depth due to a stationary periodic source situated at a finite depth below the free surface, is considered. The formal solution of the problem is derived by using Laplace and Fourier transforms. A uniformly valid asymptotic expansion of the wave integral is obtained by using the method of Bleistein in the case of finite depth and that of Vander Waerden in the case of infinite depth. Physical interpretation of the results so derived is given. (author)
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Fazle Mabood
2015-01-01
Full Text Available The heat flow patterns profiles are required for heat transfer simulation in each type of the thermal insulation. The exothermic reaction models in porous medium can prescribe the problems in the form of nonlinear ordinary differential equations. In this research, the driving force model due to the temperature gradients is considered. A governing equation of the model is restricted into an energy balance equation that provides the temperature profile in conduction state with constant heat source on the steady state. The proposed optimal homotopy asymptotic method (OHAM is used to compute the solutions of the exothermic reactions equation.
Oh, Myunghyun; Zumbrun, Kevin
2010-04-01
Under natural spectral stability assumptions motivated by previous investigations of the associated spectral stability problem, we determine sharp L p estimates on the linearized solution operator about a multidimensional planar periodic wave of a system of conservation laws with viscosity, yielding linearized L 1 ∩ L p → L p stability for all {p ≥q 2} and dimensions {d ≥q 1} and nonlinear L 1 ∩ H s → L p ∩ H s stability and L 2-asymptotic behavior for {p≥q 2} and {d≥q 3} . The behavior can in general be rather complicated, involving both convective (that is, wave-like) and diffusive effects.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Zhang Zhijiun
2008-01-01
By Karamata regular variation theory and constructing comparison functions, the author shows the existence and global optimal asymptotic behaviour of solutions for a semilinear elliptic problem △u = k(x)g(u),u>0, x∈Ω, u|(e)Ω = +∞, where Ω is a bounded domain with smooth boundary in RN; g ∈ C1[0,∞), g(0) = g'(0) = 0, and there exists p > 1, such that lims→∞ g(sξ)/g(s)=ξp, (A)ξ > 0, and k∈Cαloc(Ω) is non-negative non-trivial in Ω which may be singular on the boundary.
Asymptotic solution of a sea-air oscillator for ENSO mechanism
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Mo Jia-Qi; Lin Wan-Tao; Wang Hui
2007-01-01
The EI Ni(n)o/La Ni(n)a-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is an interannual phenomenon involved in the tropical Pacific ocean-atmosphere interactions.In this paper,a class of coupled system of the ENSO mechanism is considered.Based on a class of oscillator of ENSO model,the asymptotic solution of a corresponding problem is studied by employing the approximate method.It is proved from the results that the perturbation method can be used for analysing the sea surface temperature anomaly in the equatorial eastern Pacific and the thermocline depth anomaly of the atmosphere-ocean oscillation for the ENSO model.
Oh, Myunghyun; Zumbrun, Kevin
2008-01-01
Under natural spectral stability assumptions motivated by previous investigations of the associated spectral stability problem, we determine sharp $L^p$ estimates on the linearized solution operator about a multidimensional planar periodic wave of a system of conservation laws with viscosity, yielding linearized $L^1\\cap L^p\\to L^p$ stability for all $p \\ge 2$ and dimensions $d \\ge 1$ and nonlinear $L^1\\cap H^s\\to L^p\\cap H^s$ stability and $L^2$-asymptotic behavior for $p\\ge 2$ and $d\\ge 3$....
An Asymptotic Theory for the Re-Equilibration of a Micellar Surfactant Solution
Griffiths, I. M.
2012-01-01
Micellar surfactant solutions are characterized by a distribution of aggregates made up predominantly of premicellar aggregates (monomers, dimers, trimers, etc.) and a region of proper micelles close to the peak aggregation number, connected by an intermediate region containing a very low concentration of aggregates. Such a distribution gives rise to a distinct two-timescale reequilibration following a system dilution, known as the t1 and t2 processes, whose dynamics may be described by the Becker-Döring equations. We use a continuum version of these equations to develop a reduced asymptotic description that elucidates the behavior during each of these processes.© 2012 Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Theoretical work based on the Freedericksz transition in a wedge of smectic C liquid crystal is presented. Continuum theory is employed in order to mathematically model the two-way interaction between the anisotropic fluid and an applied electric field. Asymptotic methods are used to obtain concise and informative explicit solutions for limiting regimes where (a) the applied voltage is just above threshold, and (b) a high voltage is applied. As is anticipated, in the case of a small dielectric anisotropy, the solution reduces to that obtained when the two-way interaction is neglected. Nevertheless, at voltages close to threshold, this interaction can have a significant effect upon the director profile. Realistic material, geometry and field parameters are adopted in order to display these solutions. By comparing them with those obtained using a numerical method, a high degree of accuracy can be found within the above regimes
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
XUE RUYING; FANG DAOYUAN
2005-01-01
The authors study a resonant Klein-Gordon system with convenient nonlinearities in two space dimensions, prove that such a system has global solutions for small, smooth,compactly supported Cauchy data, and find that the asymptotic profile of the solution is quite different from that of the free solution.
Asymptotic solutions of glass temperature profiles during steady optical fibre drawing
Taroni, M.
2013-03-12
In this paper we derive realistic simplified models for the high-speed drawing of glass optical fibres via the downdraw method that capture the fluid dynamics and heat transport in the fibre via conduction, convection and radiative heating. We exploit the small aspect ratio of the fibre and the relative orders of magnitude of the dimensionless parameters that characterize the heat transfer to reduce the problem to one- or two-dimensional systems via asymptotic analysis. The resulting equations may be readily solved numerically and in many cases admit exact analytic solutions. The systematic asymptotic breakdown presented is used to elucidate the relative importance of furnace temperature profile, convection, surface radiation and conduction in each portion of the furnace and the role of each in controlling the glass temperature. The models derived predict many of the qualitative features observed in real industrial processes, such as the glass temperature profile within the furnace and the sharp transition in fibre thickness. The models thus offer a desirable route to quick scenario testing, providing valuable practical information about the dependencies of the solution on the parameters and the dominant heat-transport mechanism. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.
Asymptotic self-similar solutions with a characteristic time-scale
Waxman, Eli
2010-01-01
For a wide variety of initial and boundary conditions, adiabatic one dimensional flows of an ideal gas approach self-similar behavior when the characteristic length scale over which the flow takes place, $R$, diverges or tends to zero. It is commonly assumed that self-similarity is approached since in the $R\\to\\infty(0)$ limit the flow becomes independent of any characteristic length or time scales. In this case the flow fields $f(r,t)$ must be of the form $f(r,t)=t^{\\alpha_f}F(r/R)$ with $R\\propto(\\pm t)^\\alpha$. We show that requiring the asymptotic flow to be independent only of characteristic length scales imply a more general form of self-similar solutions, $f(r,t)=R^{\\delta_f}F(r/R)$ with $\\dot{R}\\propto R^\\delta$, which includes the exponential ($\\delta=1$) solutions, $R\\propto e^{t/\\tau}$. We demonstrate that the latter, less restrictive, requirement is the physically relevant one by showing that the asymptotic behavior of accelerating blast-waves, driven by the release of energy at the center of a co...
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Following the fractional cable equation established in the letter [B.I. Henry, T.A.M. Langlands, and S.L. Wearne, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100 (2008) 128103], we present the time-space fractional cable equation which describes the anomalous transport of electrodiffusion in nerve cells. The derivation is based on the generalized fractional Ohm's law; and the temporal memory effects and spatial-nonlocality are involved in the time-space fractional model. With the help of integral transform method we derive the analytical solutions expressed by the Green's function; the corresponding fractional moments are calculated; and their asymptotic behaviors are discussed. In addition, the explicit solutions of the considered model with two different external current injections are also presented. (general)
A remark on the asymptotic form of BPS multi-dyon solutions and their conserved charges
Constantinidis, C. P.; Ferreira, L. A.; Luchini, G.
2015-12-01
We evaluate the gauge invariant, dynamically conserved charges, recently obtained from the integral form of the Yang-Mills equations, for the BPS multi-dyon solutions of a Yang-Mills-Higgs theory associated to any compact semi-simple gauge group G. Those charges are shown to correspond to the eigenvalues of the next-to-leading term of the asymptotic form of the Higgs field at spatial infinity, and so coinciding with the usual topological charges of those solutions. Such results show that many of the topological charges considered in the literature are in fact dynamical charges, which conservation follows from the global properties of classical Yang-Mills theories encoded into their integral dynamical equations. The conservation of those charges can not be obtained from the differential form of Yang-Mills equations.
A remark on the asymptotic form of BPS multi-dyon solutions and their conserved charges
Constantinidis, C P; Luchini, G
2015-01-01
We evaluate the gauge invariant, dynamically conserved charges, recently obtained from the integral form of the Yang-Mills equations, for the BPS multi-dyon solutions of a Yang-Mills-Higgs theory associated to any compact semi-simple gauge group G. Those charges are shown to correspond to the eigenvalues of the next-to-leading term of the asymptotic form of the Higgs field at spatial infinity, and so coinciding with the usual topological charges of those solutions. Such results show that many of the topological charges considered in the literature are in fact dynamical charges, which conservation follows from the global properties of classical Yang-Mills theories encoded into their integral dynamical equations. The conservation of those charges can not be obtained from the differential form of Yang-Mills equations.
A third-order asymptotic solution of nonlinear standing water waves in Lagrangian coordinates
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Chen Yang-Yih; Hsu Hung-Chu
2009-01-01
Asymptotic solutions up to third-order which describe irrotational finite amplitude standing waves are derived in Lagrangian coordinates. The analytical Lagrangian solution that is uniformly valid for large times satisfies the irrotational condition and the pressure p = 0 at the free surface, which is in contrast with the Eulerian solution existing under a residual pressure at the free surface due to Taylor's series expansion. In the third-order Lagrangian approximation, the explicit parametric equation and the Lagrangian wave frequency of water particles could be obtained. In particular, the Lagrangian mean level of a particle motion that is a function of vertical label is found as a part of the solution which is different from that in an Eulerian description. The dynamic properties of nonlinear standing waves in water of a finite depth, including particle trajectory, surface profile and wave pressure are investigated. It is also shown that the Lagrangian solution is superior to an Eulerian solution of the same order for describing the wave shape and the kinematics above the mean water level.
Beloshapko, V. A.; Butuzov, V. F.
2016-08-01
For a singularly perturbed elliptic boundary value problem, an asymptotic expansion of the boundary-layer solution is constructed and justified in the case when the boundary layer consists of three zones with different behavior of the solution, which is caused by the multiplicity of the root of the degenerate equation.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
A brief statement of the problem of time-independent scattering theory introduces the notation to be used. Product integration is then used to discover asymptotic forms of solutions of the radial Schroedinger equation. Finally, these solutions are used to demonstrate existence of ordinary and modified Moller wave operators for a wide class of long-range radial potentials
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Wenrong DAI
2006-01-01
In this paper, we study the asymptotic behavior of global classical solutions of the Cauchy problem for general quasilinear hyperbolic systems with constant multiple and weakly linearly degenerate characteristic fields. Based on the existence of global classical solution proved by Zhou Yi et al., we show that, when t tends to infinity, the solution approaches a combination of C1 travelling wave solutions, provided that the total variation and the L1 norm of initial data are sufficiently small.
Qandalji, K Rasem
2011-01-01
We show that based on the general solution, given by Corrigan, Olive, Fairlie and Nuyts, in the region outside the monopole's core; the equations of motion in the Higgs vacuum (i.e. outside the monopole's core) will not allow asymptotically non-singular extended non-trivial non-Dyonic (including, also, all static) solutions of the 't Hooft-Polyakov monopole. In other words, unless the monopole's magnetic charge is shielded (by some mechanism), the Dirac string is inevitable asymptotically, in the region outside the monopole's core, for all non-Dyonic solutions that are admissible by the equations of motion. That we show that the non-dyonic solutions (based on Corrigan et al) will include all "admissible" static solutions and their gauge transform might be interpreted as that all admissible dyonic solutions (based on Corrigan et al) are composite solutions.
Behzadan, A
2015-01-01
In this article we consider the conformal decomposition of Einstein's constraint equations introduced by Lichnerowicz, Choquet-Bruhat, and York, on asymptotically flat (AF) manifolds. Using the non-CMC fixed-point framework developed in 2009 by Holst, Nagy, and Tsogtgerel and by Maxwell, we establish existence of coupled non-CMC weak solutions for AF manifolds. As is the case for the analogous existence results for non-CMC solutions on closed manifolds and compact manifolds with boundary, our results here avoid the near-CMC assumption by assuming that the freely specifiable part of the data given by the traceless-transverse part of the rescaled extrinsic curvature and the matter fields are sufficiently small. The non-CMC rough solutions results here for AF manifolds may be viewed as extending to AF manifolds the 2009 and 2014 results on rough far-from-CMC positive Yamabe solutions for closed and compact manifolds with boundary. Similarly, our results may be viewed as extending the recent 2014 results for AF m...
Oh, Myunghyun; 10.1007/s00205-009-0229-6
2009-01-01
Under natural spectral stability assumptions motivated by previous investigations of the associated spectral stability problem, we determine sharp $L^p$ estimates on the linearized solution operator about a multidimensional planar periodic wave of a system of conservation laws with viscosity, yielding linearized $L^1\\cap L^p\\to L^p$ stability for all $p \\ge 2$ and dimensions $d \\ge 1$ and nonlinear $L^1\\cap H^s\\to L^p\\cap H^s$ stability and $L^2$-asymptotic behavior for $p\\ge 2$ and $d\\ge 3$. The behavior can in general be rather complicated, involving both convective (i.e., wave-like) and diffusive effects.
Asymptotic profiles for a travelling front solution of a biological equation
Chapuisat, Guillemette
2010-01-01
We are interested in the existence of depolarization waves in the human brain. These waves propagate in the grey matter and are absorbed in the white matter. We consider a two-dimensional model $u_t=\\Delta u + f(u) \\1_{|y|\\leq R} - \\alpha u \\1_{|y|>R}$, with $f$ a bistable nonlinearity taking effect only on the domain $\\Rm\\times [-R,R]$, which represents the grey matter layer. We study the existence, the stability and the energy of non-trivial asymptotic profiles of possible travelling fronts. For this purpose, we present dynamical systems technics and graphic criteria based on Sturm-Liouville theory and apply them to the above equation. This yields three different behaviours of the solution $u$ after stimulation, depending of the thickness $R$ of the grey matter. This may partly explain the difficulties to observe depolarization waves in the human brain and the failure of several therapeutic trials.
Asymptotic solution of the Schrodinger equation for the elliptic wire in the magnetic field
Bejenari, Igor
2008-01-01
The asymptotic solution of the Schrodinger equation with non-separable variables is obtained for a particle confined to an infinite elliptic cylinder potential well under applied uniform longitudinal magnetic field. Using standard-problem method, dimension quantized eigenvalues have been calculated when the magnetic length is large enough in comparison with the half of the distance between the boundary ellipse focuses. In semi-classical approximation, the confined electron (hole) states are divided into the Boundary States (BS), Ring States (RS), Hyperbolic Caustic States (HCS), and Harmonic Oscillator States (HOS). For large angular momentum quantum numbers and small radial quantum numbers, the BS and RS are grouped into the Whispering Gallery mode. They associate with particles moving along the wire cross section boundary. The motion is limited from the wire core by the elliptic caustic. Consisting of the HCS and HOS, the Jumping Ball modes correspond to the states of particle moving along a wire diameter w...
Cardone, G; Panasenko, G P
2012-01-01
The Stokes equation with the varying viscosity is considered in a thin tube structure, i.e. in a connected union of thin rectangles with heights of order $\\varepsilon<<1 $ and with bases of order 1 with smoothened boundary. An asymptotic expansion of the solution is constructed: it contains some Poiseuille type flows in the channels (rectangles) with some boundary layers correctors in the neighborhoods of the bifurcations of the channels. The estimates for the difference of the exact solution and its asymptotic approximation are proved.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Cuimei ZHANG; Wencheng CHEN; Yu YANG
2006-01-01
In this paper, we study the existence and global asymptotic stability of positive periodic solutions of a delayed periodic predator-prey system with Holling Ⅱ type functional response. By use of the continuation theorem of coincidence degree theory and the method of Lyapunov function, some sufficient conditions are obtained.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Alarcón, Tomás [Centre de Recerca Matemàtica, Edifici C, Campus de Bellaterra, 08193 Bellaterra (Barcelona) (Spain); Departament de Matemàtiques, Universitat Atonòma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra (Barcelona) (Spain)
2014-05-14
In this paper, we propose two methods to carry out the quasi-steady state approximation in stochastic models of enzyme catalytic regulation, based on WKB asymptotics of the chemical master equation or of the corresponding partial differential equation for the generating function. The first of the methods we propose involves the development of multiscale generalisation of a WKB approximation of the solution of the master equation, where the separation of time scales is made explicit which allows us to apply the quasi-steady state approximation in a straightforward manner. To the lowest order, the multi-scale WKB method provides a quasi-steady state, Gaussian approximation of the probability distribution. The second method is based on the Hamilton-Jacobi representation of the stochastic process where, as predicted by large deviation theory, the solution of the partial differential equation for the corresponding characteristic function is given in terms of an effective action functional. The optimal transition paths between two states are then given by those paths that maximise the effective action. Such paths are the solutions of the Hamilton equations for the Hamiltonian associated to the effective action functional. The quasi-steady state approximation is applied to the Hamilton equations thus providing an approximation to the optimal transition paths and the transition time between two states. Using this approximation we predict that, unlike the mean-field quasi-steady approximation result, the rate of enzyme catalysis depends explicitly on the initial number of enzyme molecules. The accuracy and validity of our approximated results as well as that of our predictions regarding the behaviour of the stochastic enzyme catalytic models are verified by direct simulation of the stochastic model using Gillespie stochastic simulation algorithm.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Javed Ali
2012-01-01
Full Text Available We solve some higher-order boundary value problems by the optimal homotopy asymptotic method (OHAM. The proposed method is capable to handle a wide variety of linear and nonlinear problems effectively. The numerical results given by OHAM are compared with the exact solutions and the solutions obtained by Adomian decomposition (ADM, variational iteration (VIM, homotopy perturbation (HPM, and variational iteration decomposition method (VIDM. The results show that the proposed method is more effective and reliable.
5D supersymmetric domain wall solution with active hyperscalars and mixed AdS/non-AdS asymptotics
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
BellorIn, Jorge; Colonnello, Claudia, E-mail: jorgebellorin@usb.v, E-mail: ccolonnello@sinata.fis.usb.v [Departamento de Fisica, Universidad Simon BolIvar, Valle de Sartenejas, 1080-A Caracas (Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of)
2011-05-21
We find a new supersymmetric 5D solution of N= 2 supergravity coupled to one hypermultiplet that depends only on the fifth dimension (the energy scale in a holographic context). In one asymptotic limit the domain wall approaches to the AdS{sub 5} form but in the other one it does not. Similarly, the hyperscalars, which are all proportional between them, go asymptotically to a critical point of the potential only in one direction. The quaternionic Kaehler manifold of the model is the H{sup 4} hyperboloid. We use the standard metric of H{sup 4} in an explicit conformally flat form with several arbitrary parameters. We argue that the holographic dual of the domain wall is a RG flow of a D = 4, N= 1 gauge theory acquiring a conformal supersymmetry at the IR limit, which corresponds to the AdS{sub 5} asymptotic limit.
An asymptotic solution of large-$N$ $QCD$, and of large-$N$ $\\mathcal{N}=1$ $SUSY$ $QCD$
Bochicchio, Marco
2014-01-01
We find an asymptotic solution for two- and three-point correlators of local gauge-invariant operators, in a lower-spin sector of massless large-$N$ $QCD$ (and of massless large-$N$ $\\cal{N}$ $=1$ $SUSY$ $QCD$), in terms of glueball and meson propagators (and of their $SUSY$ partners), by means of a new purely field-theoretical technique that we call the asymptotically-free bootstrap. The asymptotically-free bootstrap exploits the lowest-order conformal invariance of connected correlators of gauge invariant composite operators in perturbation theory, the renormalization-group improvement, and a recently-proved asymptotic structure theorem for glueball and meson propagators (and for their $SUSY$ partners), that involves the unknown particle spectrum and the anomalous dimension of operators for fixed spin. In principle the asymptotically-free bootstrap extends to all the higher-spin two- and three-point correlators whose lowest-order conformal limit is non-vanishing in perturbation theory, and by means of the o...
Pressurized Poroelastic Inclusions: Short-term and Long-term Asymptotic Solutions
Bedayat, Houman; Dahi Taleghani, Arash
2015-11-01
This paper provides semi-analytical, asymptotic short-term and long-term solutions for the volume change and corresponding leak-off volume of a fluid-saturated, three-dimensional poroelastic inclusion, considering fluid exchange with the surrounding poroelastic medium. Considering possibly different material properties and different fluid pressure of hydrocarbon-bearing formations or proppant-filled fractures in comparison to those of the surrounding geological structures, fractures or whole reservoirs can be regarded as inclusions. The problem-solving approach used in our study is inspired by the theory of inclusions and modal decomposition technique previously developed and used to solve several poroelasticity problems. Previous studies on the topic, however, have not incorporated the hydraulic communication between the inclusion and the surrounding medium; therefore, fluid pressure changes in the surrounding rock due to fluid pressure changes in the inclusion were ignored. An example of this problem would be a pressurized stationary fracture, which, depending on pressure, might have fluid exchange with the surroundings. Numerical examples considering inclusions with different aspect ratios and material properties are provided to better describe the significance of fluid exchange.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Tongqing Lu
2014-01-01
Full Text Available In a thin film-substrate system in-plane compressive stress is commonly generated in the film due to thermal mismatch in operation or fabrication process. If the stress exceeds a critical value, part of the film may buckle out of plane along the defective interface. After buckling delamination, the interface crack at the ends may propagate. In the whole process, the compliance of the substrate compared with the film plays an important role. In this work, we study a circular film subject to compressive stress on an infinitely thick substrate. We study the effects of compliance of the substrate by modeling the system as a plate on an elastic foundation. The critical buckling condition is formulated. The asymptotic solutions of post-buckling deformation and the corresponding energy release rate of the interface crack are obtained with perturbation methods. The results show that the more compliant the substrate is, the easier for the film to buckle and easier for the interface crack to propagate after buckling.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Sharma, Ranjan, E-mail: rsharma@iucaa.ernet.in [Department of Physics, P. D. Women' s College, Jalpaiguri 735101 (India); Rahaman, Farook, E-mail: rahaman@iucaa.ernet.in [Department of Mathematics, Jadavpur University, Kolkata 700 032, West Bengal (India); Karar, Indrani, E-mail: indrani.karar08@gmail.com [Department of Mathematics, Saroj Mohan Institute of Technology, Guptipara, West Bengal (India)
2011-10-05
Lower-dimensional gravity has the potential of providing non-trivial and valuable insight into some of the conceptual issues arising in four-dimensional relativistic gravitational analysis. The asymptotically anti-de Sitter (2+1)-dimensional spacetime described by Banados, Teitelboim and Zanelli (BTZ) which admits a black hole solution, has become a source of fascination for theoretical physicists in recent years. By suitably choosing the form of the mass function m(r), we derive a new class of solutions for the interior of an isotropic star corresponding to the exterior (2+1) asymptotically anti-de Sitter BTZ spacetime. The solution obtained satisfies all the regularity conditions and its simple analytical form helps us to study the physical parameters of the configuration in a simple manner.
Holst, Michael
2014-01-01
In this article we further develop the solution theory for the Einstein constraint equations on an n-dimensional, asymptotically Euclidean manifold M with interior boundary S. Building on recent results for both the asymptotically Euclidean and compact with boundary settings, we show existence of far-from-CMC and near-CMC solutions to the conformal formulation of the Einstein constraints when nonlinear Robin boundary conditions are imposed on S, similar to those analyzed previously by Dain (2004), by Maxwell (2004, 2005), and by Holst and Tsogtgerel (2013) as a model of black holes in various CMC settings, and by Holst, Meier, and Tsogtgerel (2013) in the setting of far-from-CMC solutions on compact manifolds with boundary. These "marginally trapped surface" Robin conditions ensure that the expansion scalars along null geodesics perpendicular to the boundary region S are non-positive, which is considered the correct mathematical model for black holes in the context of the Einstein constraint equations. Assumi...
Bulatov, Vitaly V
2012-01-01
The dynamics of internal waves in stratified media, such as the ocean or atmosphere, is highly dependent on the topography of their floor. A closed-form analytical solution can be derived only in cases when the water distribution density and the shape of the floor are modeled with specific functions. In a general case when the characteristics of stratified media and the boundary conditions are arbitrary, the dynamics of internal waves can be only approximated with numerical methods. However, numerical solutions do not describe the wave field qualitatively. At the same time, the need for a qualitative analysis of the far field of internal waves arises in studies applying remote sensing methods in space-based radar applications. In this case, the dynamics of internal waves can be described using asymptotic models. In this paper, we derive asymptotic solutions to the problem of characterizing the far field of internal gravity waves propagating in a stratified medium with a smoothly varying floor.
Asymptotic Solution of a Model for Bilayer Organic Diodes and Solar Cells
Richardson, Giles
2012-11-15
Organic diodes and solar cells are constructed by placing together two organic semiconducting materials with dissimilar electron affinities and ionization potentials. The electrical behavior of such devices has been successfully modeled numerically using conventional drift diffusion together with recombination (which is usually assumed to be bimolecular) and thermal generation. Here a particular model is considered and the dark current-voltage curve and the spatial structure of the solution across the device is extracted analytically using asymptotic methods. We concentrate on the case of Shockley-Read-Hall recombination but note the extension to other recombination mechanisms. We find that there are three regimes of behavior, dependent on the total current. For small currents-i.e., at reverse bias or moderate forward bias-the structure of the solution is independent of the total current. For large currents-i.e., at strong forward bias-the current varies linearly with the voltage and is primarily controlled by drift of charges in the organic layers. There is then a narrow range of currents where the behavior undergoes a transition between the two regimes. The magnitude of the parameter that quantifies the interfacial recombination rate is critical in determining where the transition occurs. The extension of the theory to organic solar cells generating current under illumination is discussed as is the analogous current-voltage curves derived where the photo current is small. Finally, by comparing the analytic results to real experimental data, we show how the model parameters can be extracted from the shape of current-voltage curves measured in the dark. © 2012 Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics.
Exact Solution of Klein-Gordon Equation by Asymptotic Iteration Method
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Eser Ol(g)ar
2008-01-01
Using the asymptotic iteration method (AIM) we obtain the spectrum of the Klein-Gordon equation for some choices of scalar and vector potentials. In particular, it is shown that the AIM exactly reproduces the spectrum of some solvable potentials.
Asymptotic solution for a class of sea-air oscillator model for El Ni(n)o-southern oscillation
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Mo Jia-Qi; Lin Wan-Tao
2008-01-01
The El Ni(n)o-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is an interannual phenomenon involved in the tropical Pacific Oceanatmosphere interactions.In this paper,an asymptotic method of solving the nonlinear equation for the ENSO model is used.And based on a class of oscillator of ENSO model,the approximate solution of a corresponding problem is studied by employing the perturbation method.Firstly,an ENSO model of nonlinear time delay equation of equatorial Pacific is introduced,Secondly,by using the perturbed method,the zeroth and first order asymptotic perturbed solutions are constructed.Finally,from the comparison of the values for a figure,it is seen that the first asymptotic perturbed solution using the perturbation method has a good accuracy.And it is proved from the results that the perturbation method can be used as an analytic operation for the sea surface temperature anomaly in the equatorial Pacific of the atmosphere-ocean oscillation for the ENSO model.
Luo, Tao; Xin, Zhouping; Zeng, Huihui
2016-11-01
The nonlinear asymptotic stability of Lane-Emden solutions is proved in this paper for spherically symmetric motions of viscous gaseous stars with the density dependent shear and bulk viscosities which vanish at the vacuum, when the adiabatic exponent {γ} lies in the stability regime {(4/3, 2)}, by establishing the global-in-time regularity uniformly up to the vacuum boundary for the vacuum free boundary problem of the compressible Navier-Stokes-Poisson systems with spherical symmetry, which ensures the global existence of strong solutions capturing the precise physical behavior that the sound speed is {C^{{1}/{2}}}-Hölder continuous across the vacuum boundary, the large time asymptotic uniform convergence of the evolving vacuum boundary, density and velocity to those of Lane-Emden solutions with detailed convergence rates, and the detailed large time behavior of solutions near the vacuum boundary. Those uniform convergence are of fundamental importance in the study of vacuum free boundary problems which are missing in the previous results for global weak solutions. Moreover, the results obtained in this paper apply to much broader cases of viscosities than those in Fang and Zhang (Arch Ration Mech Anal 191:195-243, 2009) for the theory of weak solutions when the adiabatic exponent {γ} lies in the most physically relevant range. Finally, this paper extends the previous local-in-time theory for strong solutions to a global-in-time one.
Qin, Chun-Yan; Tian, Shou-Fu; Wang, Xiu-Bin; Zhang, Tian-Tian
2016-07-01
Under investigation in this paper is a fifth-order Korteweg-de Vries type (fKdV-type) equation with time-dependent coefficients, which can be used to describe many nonlinear phenomena in fluid mechanics, ocean dynamics and plasma physics. The binary Bell polynomials are employed to find its Hirota’s bilinear formalism with an extra auxiliary variable, based on which its N-soliton solutions can be also directly derived. Furthermore, by considering multi-dimensional Riemann theta function, a lucid and straightforward generalization of the Hirota-Riemann method is presented to explicitly construct the multiperiodic wave solutions of the equation. Finally, the asymptotic properties of these periodic wave solutions are strictly analyzed to reveal the relationships between periodic wave solutions and soliton solutions.
Asymptotic solution of natural convection problem in a square cavity heated from below
Grundmann, M; Mojtabi, A; vantHof, B
1996-01-01
Studies a two-dimensional natural convection in a porous, square cavity using a regular asymptotic development in powers of the Rayleigh number. Carries the approximation through to the 34th order. Analyses convergence of the resulting series for the Nusselt number in both monocellular and multicell
Latifi, A.
2016-07-01
A special case of coupled integrable nonlinear equations with a singular dispersion law is derived in the context of the small amplitude limit of general wave equations in a fluid-type warm electrons/cold ions plasma irradiated by a continuous laser beam. This model accounts for a nonlinear mode coupling of the electrostatic wave with the ion sound wave and is shown to be highly unstable. Its instability is understood as a continuous secular transfer of energy from the electrostatic wave to the ion sound wave through the ponderomotive force. The exact asymptotic solution of the system is constructed and shows that the dynamics of the energy transfer results in a singular asymptotic behavior of the ion sound wave, which explains the low penetration of the incident laser beam.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
徐美荣; 时宝
2004-01-01
In this paper, we first consider differential equations with several delays inthe neutral term of the form d/dt[y(t)+∑j=1L piy(t-ki)-∑j=1Mrjy(t-Pj)]+q(t)y(t-r)=0 for t∈R+,(1*) study various cases of coefficients in the neutral term and obtain the asymptotic behavior for nonoscillatory solution of (1") under some hypotheses. Moreover,we consider reaction-diffusion differential equations with several delays in the neutral term of the form α/αt[u(t,x)+∑i=1L piu(t-ki,x)-∑j=1M rju(t-Pj,x)]+q(t,x)u(t-r,x)=a2△u(t,x)for (t,x)∈R+ ×Ω. We also study various cases of coefficients in the neutral term and obtain the asymptotic behavior for nonoscillatory solutionun of (2*)under some hypotheses.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
马西奎; 韩社教
2002-01-01
Based on the multipole expansion theory of the potential, a satisfactory interpretation is put forward of the exact nature of the approximations of asymptotic boundary condition (called the ABC) techniques for the numerical solutions of open-boundary static electromagnetic-field problems, and a definite physical meaning is bestowed on ABC, which provide a powerful theoretical background for laying down the operating rules and the key to the derivation of asymptotic boundary conditions. This paper is also intended to reveal the shortcomings of the conventional higher-order ABC, and at the same time to give the concept of a new type of higher-order ABC, and to present a somewhat different formulation of the new nth-order ABC. In order to test its feasibility, several simple problems of electrostatic potentials are analyzed. The results are found to be much better than those of conventional higher-order ABCs.
Rigorous asymptotics of traveling-wave solutions to the thin-film equation and Tanner’s law
Giacomelli, Lorenzo; Gnann, Manuel V.; Otto, Felix
2016-09-01
We are interested in traveling-wave solutions to the thin-film equation with zero microscopic contact angle (in the sense of complete wetting without precursor) and inhomogeneous mobility {{h}3}+{λ3-n}{{h}n} , where h, λ, and n\\in ≤ft(\\frac{3}{2},\\frac{7}{3}\\right) denote film height, slip parameter, and mobility exponent, respectively. Existence and uniqueness of these solutions have been established by Maria Chiricotto and the first of the authors in previous work under the assumption of sub-quadratic growth as h\\to ∞ . In the present work we investigate the asymptotics of solutions as h\\searrow 0 (the contact-line region) and h\\to ∞ . As h\\searrow 0 we observe, to leading order, the same asymptotics as for traveling waves or source-type self-similar solutions to the thin-film equation with homogeneous mobility h n and we additionally characterize corrections to this law. Moreover, as h\\to ∞ we identify, to leading order, the logarithmic Tanner profile, i.e. the solution to the corresponding unperturbed problem with λ =0 that determines the apparent macroscopic contact angle. Besides higher-order terms, corrections turn out to affect the asymptotic law as h\\to ∞ only by setting the length scale in the logarithmic Tanner profile. Moreover, we prove that both the correction and the length scale depend smoothly on n. Hence, in line with the common philosophy, the precise modeling of liquid–solid interactions (within our model, the mobility exponent) does not affect the qualitative macroscopic properties of the film.
Rigorous asymptotics of traveling-wave solutions to the thin-film equation and Tanner’s law
Giacomelli, Lorenzo; Gnann, Manuel V.; Otto, Felix
2016-09-01
We are interested in traveling-wave solutions to the thin-film equation with zero microscopic contact angle (in the sense of complete wetting without precursor) and inhomogeneous mobility {{h}3}+{λ3-n}{{h}n} , where h, λ, and n\\in ≤ft(\\frac{3}{2},\\frac{7}{3}\\right) denote film height, slip parameter, and mobility exponent, respectively. Existence and uniqueness of these solutions have been established by Maria Chiricotto and the first of the authors in previous work under the assumption of sub-quadratic growth as h\\to ∞ . In the present work we investigate the asymptotics of solutions as h\\searrow 0 (the contact-line region) and h\\to ∞ . As h\\searrow 0 we observe, to leading order, the same asymptotics as for traveling waves or source-type self-similar solutions to the thin-film equation with homogeneous mobility h n and we additionally characterize corrections to this law. Moreover, as h\\to ∞ we identify, to leading order, the logarithmic Tanner profile, i.e. the solution to the corresponding unperturbed problem with λ =0 that determines the apparent macroscopic contact angle. Besides higher-order terms, corrections turn out to affect the asymptotic law as h\\to ∞ only by setting the length scale in the logarithmic Tanner profile. Moreover, we prove that both the correction and the length scale depend smoothly on n. Hence, in line with the common philosophy, the precise modeling of liquid-solid interactions (within our model, the mobility exponent) does not affect the qualitative macroscopic properties of the film.
Garbarz, Alan; Vásquez, Yerko
2008-01-01
We study exact solutions to Cosmological Topologically Massive Gravity (CTMG) coupled to Topologically Massive Electrodynamics (TME) at special values of the coupling constants. For the particular case of the so called chiral point l\\mu_G=1, vacuum solutions (with vanishing gauge field) are exhibited. These correspond to a one-parameter deformation of GR solutions, and are continuously connected to the extremal Banados-Teitelboim-Zanelli black hole (BTZ) with bare constants J=-lM. In CTMG this extremal BTZ turns out to be massless, and thus it can be regarded as a kind of ground state. For certain range of parameters, our solution exhibits an event horizon located at finite geodesic distance. Although the solution is not asymptotically AdS_3 in the sense of Brown-Henneaux boundary conditions, it does obey the weakened asymptotic recently proposed by Grumiller and Johansson. Consequently, we discuss the computation of the conserved chages in terms of the stress-tensor in the boundary, and we find that the sign...
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
刘其林; 莫嘉琪
2001-01-01
A class of singularly perturbed initial boundary value problems for the reaction diffusion equations in a part of domain are considered. Using the operator theory the asymptotic behavior of solution for the problems is studied.
Nal, P L
2002-01-01
We consider the asymptotic stability and the boundedness with probability one of solutions of linear lto stochastic differential equations not reduced to the Cauchy form and give some numerical examples to show that our sufficient conditions for the asymptotic stability with probability one of solutions are more general and more effective than those of Korenevskij and Mitropoloshij. Moreover, our results can also be applied to the case when the unperturbed linear deterministic system is not assumed to be stable.
Dai, Hui-Hui
2011-01-01
A polymer network can imbibe water, forming an aggregate called hydrogel, and undergo large and inhomogeneous deformation with external mechanical constraint. Due to the large deformation, nonlinearity plays a crucial role, which also causes the mathematical difficulty for obtaining analytical solutions. Based on an existing model for equilibrium states of a swollen hydrogel with a core-shell structure, this paper seeks analytical solutions of the deformations by perturbation methods for three cases, i.e. free-swelling, nearly free-swelling and general inhomogeneous swelling. Particularly for the general inhomogeneous swelling, we introduce an extended method of matched asymptotics to construct the analytical solution of the governing nonlinear second-order variable-coefficient differential equation. The analytical solution captures the boundary layer behavior of the deformation. Also, analytical formulas for the radial and hoop stretches and stresses are obtained at the two boundary surfaces of the shell, ma...
Resita Arum, Sari; A, Suparmi; C, Cari
2016-01-01
The Dirac equation for Eckart potential and trigonometric Manning Rosen potential with exact spin symmetry is obtained using an asymptotic iteration method. The combination of the two potentials is substituted into the Dirac equation, then the variables are separated into radial and angular parts. The Dirac equation is solved by using an asymptotic iteration method that can reduce the second order differential equation into a differential equation with substitution variables of hypergeometry type. The relativistic energy is calculated using Matlab 2011. This study is limited to the case of spin symmetry. With the asymptotic iteration method, the energy spectra of the relativistic equations and equations of orbital quantum number l can be obtained, where both are interrelated between quantum numbers. The energy spectrum is also numerically solved using the Matlab software, where the increase in the radial quantum number nr causes the energy to decrease. The radial part and the angular part of the wave function are defined as hypergeometry functions and visualized with Matlab 2011. The results show that the disturbance of a combination of the Eckart potential and trigonometric Manning Rosen potential can change the radial part and the angular part of the wave function. Project supported by the Higher Education Project (Grant No. 698/UN27.11/PN/2015).
Sameh Turki
2012-01-01
This paper deals with the existence and the asymptotic behavior of positive continuous solutions of the nonlinear elliptic system \\(\\Delta u=p(x)u^{\\alpha}v^r\\), \\(\\Delta v = q(x)u^s v^{\\beta}\\), in the half space \\(\\mathbb{R}^n_+ :=\\{x=(x_1,..., x_n)\\in \\mathbb{R}^n : x_n \\gt 0\\}\\), \\(n \\geq 2\\), where \\(\\alpha, \\beta \\gt 1\\) and \\(r, s \\geq 0\\). The functions \\(p\\) and \\(q\\) are required to satisfy some appropriate conditions related to the Kato class \\(K^{\\infty}(\\mathbb{R}^n_+)\\). Our app...
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Hideo KUBO; K(o)ji KUBOTA
2006-01-01
This paper is concerned with a class of semilinear hyperbolic systems in odd space dimensions. Our main aim is to prove the existence of a small amplitude solution which is asymptotic to the free solution as t → -∞ in the energy norm, and to show it has a free profile as t → +∞. Our approach is based on the work of [11]. Namely we use a weighted L∞ norm to get suitable a priori estimates. This can be done by restricting our attention to radially symmetric solutions. Corresponding initial value problem is also considered in an analogous framework. Besides, we give an extended result of [14] for three space dimensional case in Section 5, which is prepared independently of the other parts of the paper.
Xu, Mei-Juan; Tian, Shou-Fu; Tu, Jian-Min; Ma, Pan-Li; Zhang, Tian-Tian
2016-01-01
In this paper, an extended Korteweg-de Vries (eKdV) equation is investigated, which can be used to describe many nonlinear phenomena in fluid dynamics and plasma physics. With the aid of the generalized Bell’s polynomials, the Hirota’s bilinear equation to the eKdV equation is succinctly constructed. Based on that, its solition solutions are directly obtained. By virtue of the Riemann theta function, a straightforward way is presented to explicitly construct Riemann theta function periodic wave solutions of the eKdV equation. Finally, the asymptotic behaviors of the Riemann theta function periodic waves are presented, which yields a relationship between the periodic waves and solition solutions by considering a limiting procedure.
Messaris, Gerasimos A. T.; Hadjinicolaou, Maria; Karahalios, George T.
2016-08-01
The present work is motivated by the fact that blood flow in the aorta and the main arteries is governed by large finite values of the Womersley number α and for such values of α there is not any analytical solution in the literature. The existing numerical solutions, although accurate, give limited information about the factors that affect the flow, whereas an analytical approach has an advantage in that it can provide physical insight to the flow mechanism. Having this in mind, we seek analytical solution to the equations of the fluid flow driven by a sinusoidal pressure gradient in a slightly curved pipe of circular cross section when the Womersley number varies from small finite to infinite values. Initially the equations of motion are expanded in terms of the curvature ratio δ and the resulting linearized equations are solved analytically in two ways. In the first, we match the solution for the main core to that for the Stokes boundary layer. This solution is valid for very large values of α. In the second, we derive a straightforward single solution valid to the entire flow region and for 8 ≤ α stresses and is compared to the analogous forms presented in other studies. The two solutions give identical results to each other regarding the axial flow but differ in the secondary flow and the circumferential wall stress, due to the approximations employed in the matched asymptotic expansion process. The results on the stream function from the second solution are in agreement with analogous results from other numerical solutions. The second solution predicts that the atherosclerotic plaques may develop in any location around the cross section of the aortic wall unlike to the prescribed locations predicted by the first solution. In addition, it gives circumferential wall stresses augmented by approximately 100% with respect to the matched asymptotic expansions, a factor that may contribute jointly with other pathological factors to the faster aging of the
Asymptotic Solutions of Detonation Propagation in a 2D Circular Arc.
Short, Mark; Meyer, Chad; Quirk, James
2015-11-01
The large pressure of the product gas generated by detonating high explosives causes lateral motion of the explosive at the material interface between the explosive and its confinement. In turn, this leads to streamline divergence and curvature of the detonation front (typically in a divergent fashion). The propagation of a detonation front in a given geometry depends on the amount of curvature generated. Here we describe an asymptotic analysis of detonation propagation in a 2D circular arc, examining dependencies of the motion on the size of the inner and outer arc radii, and the relation between the detonation velocity and curvature for different types of explosive.
Aguareles, M.
2014-06-01
In this paper we consider an oscillatory medium whose dynamics are modeled by the complex Ginzburg-Landau equation. In particular, we focus on n-armed spiral wave solutions of the complex Ginzburg-Landau equation in a disk of radius d with homogeneous Neumann boundary conditions. It is well-known that such solutions exist for small enough values of the twist parameter q and large enough values of d. We investigate the effect of boundaries on the rotational frequency of the spirals, which is an unknown of the problem uniquely determined by the parameters d and q. We show that there is a threshold in the parameter space where the effect of the boundary on the rotational frequency switches from being algebraic to exponentially weak. We use the method of matched asymptotic expansions to obtain explicit expressions for the asymptotic wavenumber as a function of the twist parameter and the domain size for small values of q. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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Bloom Clifford O.
1996-01-01
Full Text Available The asymptotic behavior as λ → ∞ of the function U ( x , λ that satisfies the reduced wave equation L λ [ U ] = ∇ ⋅ ( E ( x ∇ U + λ 2 N 2 ( x U = 0 on an infinite 3-dimensional region, a Dirichlet condition on ∂ V , and an outgoing radiation condition is investigated. A function U N ( x , λ is constructed that is a global approximate solution as λ → ∞ of the problem satisfied by U ( x , λ . An estimate for W N ( x , λ = U ( x , λ − U N ( x , λ on V is obtained, which implies that U N ( x , λ is a uniform asymptotic approximation of U ( x , λ as λ → ∞ , with an error that tends to zero as rapidly as λ − N ( N = 1 , 2 , 3 , ... . This is done by applying a priori estimates of the function W N ( x , λ in terms of its boundary values, and the L 2 norm of r L λ [ W N ( x , λ ] on V . It is assumed that E ( x , N ( x , ∂ V and the boundary data are smooth, that E ( x − I and N ( x − 1 tend to zero algebraically fast as r → ∞ , and finally that E ( x and N ( x are slowly varying; ∂ V may be finite or infinite. The solution U ( x , λ can be interpreted as a scalar potential of a high frequency acoustic or electromagnetic field radiating from the boundary of an impenetrable object of general shape. The energy of the field propagates through an inhomogeneous, anisotropic medium; the rays along which it propagates may form caustics. The approximate solution (potential derived in this paper is defined on and in a neighborhood of any such caustic, and can be used to connect local “geometrical optics” type approximate solutions that hold on caustic free subsets of V .The result of this paper generalizes previous work of Bloom and Kazarinoff [C. O. BLOOM and N. D. KAZARINOFF, Short Wave Radiation Problems in Inhomogeneous Media: Asymptotic Solutions, SPRINGER VERLAG, NEW YORK, NY, 1976].
Kazinski, P. O.; Shipulya, M. A.
2011-06-01
We present a study of planar physical solutions to the Lorentz-Dirac equation in a constant electromagnetic field. In this case, we reduced the Lorentz-Dirac equation to one second-order differential equation. We obtained the asymptotics of physical solutions to this equation at large proper times. It turns out that, in a crossed constant uniform electromagnetic field with vanishing invariants, a charged particle enters a universal regime at large times. We found that the ratios of momentum components that tend to constants are determined only by the external field. This effect is essentially due to a radiation reaction. There is no such effect for the Lorentz equation in this field.
Kazinski, P O
2010-01-01
We present a study of planar physical solutions to the Lorentz-Dirac equation in a constant electromagnetic field. In this case, we reduced the Lorentz-Dirac equation to the one second order differential equation. We found the asymptotics of physical solutions to this equation at large proper times. It turns out that, in the crossed constant uniform electromagnetic field with vanishing invariants, a charged particle goes to a universal regime at large times. We found the ratio of momentum components which tends to a constant determined only by the external field. This effect is essentially due to a radiation reaction. There is no such an effect for the Lorentz equation in this field.
Maximal admissible faces and asymptotic bounds for the normal surface solution space
Burton, Benjamin A
2010-01-01
The enumeration of normal surfaces is a key bottleneck in computational three-dimensional topology. The underlying procedure is the enumeration of admissible vertices of a high-dimensional polytope, where admissibility is a powerful but non-linear and non-convex constraint. The main results of this paper are significant improvements upon the best known asymptotic bounds on the number of admissible vertices, using polytopes in both the standard normal surface coordinate system and the streamlined quadrilateral coordinate system. To achieve these results we examine the layout of admissible points within these polytopes. We show that these points correspond to well-behaved substructures of the face lattice, and we study properties of the corresponding "admissible faces". Key lemmata include upper bounds on the number of maximal admissible faces of each dimension, and a bijection between the maximal admissible faces in the two coordinate systems mentioned above.
Asymptotic solutions of forced nonlinear second order differential equations and their extensions
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Angelo B. Mingarelli
2007-03-01
Full Text Available Using a modified version of Schauder's fixed point theorem, measures of non-compactness and classical techniques, we provide new general results on the asymptotic behavior and the non-oscillation of second order scalar nonlinear differential equations on a half-axis. In addition, we extend the methods and present new similar results for integral equations and Volterra-Stieltjes integral equations, a framework whose benefits include the unification of second order difference and differential equations. In so doing, we enlarge the class of nonlinearities and in some cases remove the distinction between superlinear, sublinear, and linear differential equations that is normally found in the literature. An update of papers, past and present, in the theory of Volterra-Stieltjes integral equations is also presented.
Asymptotic behavior of solutions to nonlinear parabolic equation with nonlinear boundary conditions
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Diabate Nabongo
2008-01-01
Full Text Available We show that solutions of a nonlinear parabolic equation of second order with nonlinear boundary conditions approach zero as t approaches infinity. Also, under additional assumptions, the solutions behave as a function determined here.
ASYMPTOTIC METHOD OF TRAVELLING WAVE SOLUTIONS FOR A CLASS OF NONLINEAR REACTION DIFFUSION EQUATION
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Mo Jiaqi; Zhang Weijiang; He Ming
2007-01-01
In this article the travelling wave solution for a class of nonlinear reaction diffusion problems are considered. Using the homotopic method and the theory of travelling wave transform, the approximate solution for the corresponding problem is obtained.
Dobbs, David E.
2010-01-01
This note develops and implements the theory of polynomial asymptotes to (graphs of) rational functions, as a generalization of the classical topics of horizontal asymptotes and oblique/slant asymptotes. Applications are given to hyperbolic asymptotes. Prerequisites include the division algorithm for polynomials with coefficients in the field of…
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Li Xiao-Jing
2008-01-01
This paper studies a time delay equation for sea-air oscillator model. The existence and asymptotic estimates of periodic solutions of corresponding problem are obtained by employing the technique of upper and lower solution, and by using the continuation theorem of coincidence degree theory.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Richard Alexander De la Cruz Guerrero
2014-01-01
Full Text Available We investigate the large time behavior of the global weak entropy solutions to the symmetric Keyfitz-Kranzer system with linear damping. It is proved that as t→∞ the entropy solutions tend to zero in the Lp norm.
On de Sitter solutions in asymptotically safe $f(R)$ theories
Falls, Kevin; Nikolakopoulos, Kostas; Rahmede, Christoph
2016-01-01
The availability of scaling solutions in renormalisation group improved versions of cosmology are investigated in the high-energy limit. We adopt $f(R)$-type models of quantum gravity which display an interacting ultraviolet fixed point at shortest distances. Expanding the gravitational fixed point action to very high order in the curvature scalar, we detect a convergence-limiting singularity in the complex field plane. Resummation techniques including Pad\\'e approximants as well as infinite order approximations of the effective action are used to maximise the domain of validity. We find that the theory displays near de Sitter solutions as well as an anti-de Sitter solution in the UV whereas real de Sitter solutions, for small curvature, appear to be absent. The significance of our results for inflation, and implications for more general models of quantum gravity are discussed.
ASYMPTOTIC PROPERTY OF THE TIME-DEPENDENT SOLUTION OF A RELIABILITY MODEL
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Geni Gupur; GUO Baozhu
2005-01-01
We discuss a transfer line consisting of a reliable machine, an unreliable machine and a storage buffer. This transfer line can be described by a group of partial differential equations with integral boundary conditions. First we show that the operator corresponding to these equations generates a positive contraction C0-semigroup T(t), and prove that T(t) is a quasi-compact operator. Next we verify that 0 is an eigenvalue of this operator and its adjoint operator with geometric multiplicity one. Last, by using the above results we obtain that the time-dependent solution of these equations converges strongly to their steady-state solution.
ON THE ASYMPTOTIC BEHAVIOUR OF SOLUTIONS OF CERTAIN FIFTH-ORDER ORDINARY DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS
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Cemil Tunc
2003-01-01
The sufficient conditions are given for all solutions of certain non-autonomous differential equation to be uniformly bounded and convergence to zero as t →∞ . The result given includes and improves that result obtained by Abou-El-Ela & Sadek.
Said-Houari, Belkacem
2012-03-01
In this paper, we consider a viscoelastic wave equation with an absorbing term and space-time dependent damping term. Based on the weighted energy method, and by assuming that the kernel decaying exponentially, we obtain the L2 decay rates of the solutions. More precisely, we show that the decay rates are the same as those obtained in Lin et al. (2010) [15] for the semilinear wave equation with absorption term. © 2011 Elsevier Inc.
Tsuboi, Zengo
2012-01-01
We consider a class of asymptotic representations of the Borel subalgebra of the quantum affine superalgebra U_q(gl(M|N)^). This is characterized by Drinfeld rational fractions. In particular, we consider contractions of U_q(gl(M|N))in the FRT formulation and obtain explicit solutions of the graded Yang-Baxter equation in terms of q-oscillator superalgebras. These solutions correspond to L-operators for Baxter Q operators. We define model independent universal Q-operators as the supertrace of the universal R-matrix and write universal T-operators in terms of these Q-operators based on shift operators on the supercharacters. These include our previous work on U_q(sl(2|1)^) case [arXiv:0805.4274] in part, and also give a cue for operator realization of our Wronskian-like formulas on T-and Q-functions in [arXiv:0906.2039, arXiv:1109.5524].
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
黄家寅
2004-01-01
By using "the method of modified two-variable ", "the method of mixing perturbation" and introducing four small parameters, the problem of the nonlinear unsymmetrical bending for orthotropic rectangular thin plate with linear variable thickness is studied. And the uniformly valid asymptotic solution of Nth- order for ε 1 and Mth- order for ε 2of the deflection functions and stress function are obtained.
Asymptotic Steady State Solution to a Bow Shock with an Infinite Mach Number
Yalinewich, Almog
2015-01-01
The problem of a cold gas flowing past a stationary object is considered. It is shown that at large distances from the obstacle the shock front forms a parabolic solid of revolution. The interior of the shock front is obtained by solution of the hydrodynamic equations in parabolic coordinates. The results are verified with a hydrodynamic simulation. The drag force and expected spectra are calculated for such shock, both in case of an optically thin and thick media. Finally, relations to astrophysical bow shocks and other analytic works on oblique shocks are discussed.
Kazeykina, Anna
2011-01-01
In the present paper we are concerned with the Novikov--Veselov equation at negative energy, i.e. with the $(2 + 1)$--dimensional analog of the KdV equation integrable by the method of inverse scattering for the two--dimensional Schr\\"odinger equation at negative energy. We show that the solution of the Cauchy problem for this equation with non--singular scattering data behaves asymptotically as $\\frac{\\const}{t^{3/4}}$ in the uniform norm at large times $t$. We also present some arguments which indicate that this asymptotics is optimal.
Asymptotic and chaotic solutions of a singularly perturbed Nagumo-type equation
Boscaggin, Alberto; Dambrosio, Walter; Papini, Duccio
2015-10-01
We deal with the singularly perturbed Nagumo-type equation where ɛ >0 is a real parameter and a:{R}\\to {R} is a piecewise constant function satisfying 0 < a(s) < 1 for all s. For small ɛ, we prove the existence of chaotic, homoclinic and heteroclinic solutions. We use a dynamical systems approach, based on the Stretching Along Paths technique and on the Conley-Wa{\\dot{z}} ewski’s method. Supported by the project Equazioni differenziali ordinarie sulla retta reale of GNAMPA-I.N.d.A.M., Italy. The second author is supported by the P.R.I.N. Project ‘Variational and perturbative aspects of nonlinear differential problems’
Amirkhanov, I V; Zhidkova, I E; Vasilev, S A
2000-01-01
Asymptotics of eigenfunctions and eigenvalues has been obtained for a singular perturbated relativistic analog of Schr`dinger equation. A singular convergence of asymptotic expansions of the boundary problems to degenerated problems is shown for a nonrelativistic Schr`dinger equation. The expansions obtained are in a good agreement with a numeric experiment.
Asymptotic solutions for the case of nearly symmetric gravitational lens systems
Wertz, O.; Pelgrims, V.; Surdej, J.
2012-08-01
Gravitational lensing provides a powerful tool to determine the Hubble parameter H0 from the measurement of the time delay Δt between two lensed images of a background variable source. Nevertheless, knowledge of the deflector mass distribution constitutes a hurdle. We propose in the present work interesting solutions for the case of nearly symmetric gravitational lens systems. For the case of a small misalignment between the source, the deflector and the observer, we first consider power-law (ɛ) axially symmetric models for which we derive an analytical relation between the amplification ratio and source position which is independent of the power-law slope ɛ. According to this relation, we deduce an expression for H0 also irrespective of the value ɛ. Secondly, we consider the power-law axially symmetric lens models with an external large-scale gravitational field, the shear γ, resulting in the so-called ɛ-γ models, for which we deduce simple first-order equations linking the model parameters and the lensed image positions, the latter being observable quantities. We also deduce simple relations between H0 and observables quantities only. From these equations, we may estimate the value of the Hubble parameter in a robust way. Nevertheless, comparison between the ɛ-γ and singular isothermal ellipsoid (SIE) models leads to the conclusion that these models remain most often distinct. Therefore, even for the case of a small misalignment, use of the first-order equations and precise astrometric measurements of the positions of the lensed images with respect to the centre of the deflector enables one to discriminate between these two families of models. Finally, we confront the models with numerical simulations to evaluate the intrinsic error of the first-order expressions used when deriving the model parameters under the assumption of a quasi-alignment between the source, the deflector and the observer. From these same simulations, we estimate for the case of the
Sarwar, S.; Rashidi, M. M.
2016-07-01
This paper deals with the investigation of the analytical approximate solutions for two-term fractional-order diffusion, wave-diffusion, and telegraph equations. The fractional derivatives are defined in the Caputo sense, whose orders belong to the intervals [0,1], (1,2), and [1,2], respectively. In this paper, we extended optimal homotopy asymptotic method (OHAM) for two-term fractional-order wave-diffusion equations. Highly approximate solution is obtained in series form using this extended method. Approximate solution obtained by OHAM is compared with the exact solution. It is observed that OHAM is a prevailing and convergent method for the solutions of nonlinear-fractional-order time-dependent partial differential problems. The numerical results rendering that the applied method is explicit, effective, and easy to use, for handling more general fractional-order wave diffusion, diffusion, and telegraph problems.
On asymptotics for difference equations
Rafei, M.
2012-01-01
In this thesis a class of nonlinear oscillator equations is studied. Asymptotic approximations of first integrals for nonlinear difference equations are constructed by using the recently developed perturbation method based on invariance vectors. The asymptotic approximations of the solutions of the
Dettmann, Carl P.
2002-01-01
Recent advances in the periodic orbit theory of stochastically perturbed systems have permitted a calculation of the escape rate of a noisy chaotic map to order 64 in the noise strength. Comparison with the usual asymptotic expansions obtained from integrals and with a previous calculation of the electrostatic potential of exactly selfsimilar fractal charge distributions, suggests a remarkably accurate form for the late terms in the expansion, with parameters determined independently from the...
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
梁保松; 陈振
2004-01-01
J. L Lions and W. A. Stranss [1] have proved the existence of a global solution of the initial boundary value problem for nonlinear generalized Euler-Possion-Darboux equation. In this paper we are going to investigate the asymptotic behavior of the global solution by a difference inequality.
Asymptotic behavior of generalized functions
Pilipović, Stevan; Vindas, Jasson
2012-01-01
The asymptotic analysis has obtained new impulses with the general development of various branches of mathematical analysis and their applications. In this book, such impulses originate from the use of slowly varying functions and the asymptotic behavior of generalized functions. The most developed approaches related to generalized functions are those of Vladimirov, Drozhinov and Zavyalov, and that of Kanwal and Estrada. The first approach is followed by the authors of this book and extended in the direction of the S-asymptotics. The second approach — of Estrada, Kanwal and Vindas — is related to moment asymptotic expansions of generalized functions and the Ces'aro behavior. The main features of this book are the uses of strong methods of functional analysis and applications to the analysis of asymptotic behavior of solutions to partial differential equations, Abelian and Tauberian type theorems for integral transforms as well as for the summability of Fourier series and integrals. The book can be used by...
Grooms, Ian
2014-01-01
The non-hydrostatic, quasigeostrophic approximation for rapidly rotating Rayleigh-B\\'enard convection admits a class of exact `single mode' solutions. These solutions correspond to steady laminar convection with a separable structure consisting of a horizontal planform characterized by a single wavenumber multiplied by a vertical amplitude profile, with the latter given as the solution of a nonlinear boundary value problem. The heat transport associated with these solutions is studied in the regime of strong thermal forcing (large reduced Rayleigh number $\\widetilde{Ra}$). It is shown that the Nusselt number $Nu$, a nondimensional measure of the efficiency of heat transport by convection, for this class of solutions is bounded below by $Nu\\gtrsim \\widetilde{Ra}^{3/2}$, independent of the Prandtl number, in the limit of large reduced Rayleigh number. Matching upper bounds include only logarithmic corrections, showing the accuracy of the estimate. Numerical solutions of the nonlinear boundary value problem for ...
Asymptotically Plane Wave Spacetimes and their Actions
Witt, Julian Le; Ross, Simon F.
2008-01-01
We propose a definition of asymptotically plane wave spacetimes in vacuum gravity in terms of the asymptotic falloff of the metric, and discuss the relation to previously constructed exact solutions. We construct a well-behaved action principle for such spacetimes, using the formalism developed by Mann and Marolf. We show that this action is finite on-shell and that the variational principle is well-defined for solutions of vacuum gravity satisfying our asymptotically plane wave falloff condi...
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Imed Bachar
2014-01-01
Full Text Available We are interested in the following fractional boundary value problem: Dαu(t+atuσ=0, t∈(0,∞, limt→0t2-αu(t=0, limt→∞t1-αu(t=0, where 1<α<2, σ∈(-1,1, Dα is the standard Riemann-Liouville fractional derivative, and a is a nonnegative continuous function on (0,∞ satisfying some appropriate assumptions related to Karamata regular variation theory. Using the Schauder fixed point theorem, we prove the existence and the uniqueness of a positive solution. We also give a global behavior of such solution.
Asymptotically hyperbolic connections
Fine, Joel; Krasnov, Kirill; Scarinci, Carlos
2015-01-01
General Relativity in 4 dimensions can be equivalently described as a dynamical theory of SO(3)-connections rather than metrics. We introduce the notion of asymptotically hyperbolic connections, and work out an analog of the Fefferman-Graham expansion in the language of connections. As in the metric setup, one can solve the arising "evolution" equations order by order in the expansion in powers of the radial coordinate. The solution in the connection setting is arguably simpler, and very straightforward algebraic manipulations allow one to see how the obstruction appears at third order in the expansion. Another interesting feature of the connection formulation is that the "counter terms" required in the computation of the renormalised volume all combine into the Chern-Simons functional of the restriction of the connection to the boundary. As the Chern-Simons invariant is only defined modulo large gauge transformations, the requirement that the path integral over asymptotically hyperbolic connections is well-d...
Rahali, Radouane
2013-03-01
In this paper, we investigate the decay property of a Timoshenko system in thermoelasticity of type III in the whole space where the heat conduction is given by the Green and Naghdi theory. Surprisingly, we show that the coupling of the Timoshenko system with the heat conduction of Green and Naghdi\\'s theory slows down the decay of the solution. In fact we show that the L-2-norm of the solution decays like (1 + t)(-1/8), while in the case of the coupling of the Timoshenko system with the Fourier or Cattaneo heat conduction, the decay rate is of the form (1 + t)(-1/4) [25]. We point out that the decay rate of (1 + t)(-1/8) has been obtained provided that the initial data are in L-1 (R) boolean AND H-s (R); (s >= 2). If the wave speeds of the fi rst two equations are di ff erent, then the decay rate of the solution is of regularity-loss type, that is in this case the previous decay rate can be obtained only under an additional regularity assumption on the initial data. In addition, by restricting the initial data to be in H-s (R) boolean AND L-1,L-gamma (R) with gamma is an element of [0; 1], we can derive faster decay estimates with the decay rate improvement by a factor of t(-gamma/4).
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
刘传庆; 于涛; 栾世霞
2014-01-01
研究以下带有渐近线性薛定谔-泊松方程-Δu＋V（x）u＋（u）＝f（u），x ∈R3，-Δ＝u2， x ∈R3．｛（SP）该方程也被称为薛定谔-麦克斯韦方程的非平凡解的存在性，其中卡氏函数f（u）∈C（R，R）为超线性的．%We consider the existence of solutions of the Schrdinger-Poisson equation with asymptoti-cally linear term-Δu+V(x)u+(u)=f(u),x∈R3 ,-Δ=u2 , x∈R3 ,{(SP) this equation is also called Schrdinger-Maxwell equation,whereV,u∈C(R3 ,R).We also study the exist-ence of nontrivial solutions for Schrodinger-Poisson equation in a concrete condition,using mountain pass theorem and variational method.
Qin, Yuming
2016-01-01
This book presents recent findings on the global existence, the uniqueness and the large-time behavior of global solutions of thermo(vis)coelastic systems and related models arising in physics, mechanics and materials science such as thermoviscoelastic systems, thermoelastic systems of types II and III, as well as Timoshenko-type systems with past history. Part of the book is based on the research conducted by the authors and their collaborators in recent years. The book will benefit interested beginners in the field and experts alike.
Asymptotic freedom, asymptotic flatness and cosmology
Kiritsis, Elias
2013-01-01
Holographic RG flows in some cases are known to be related to cosmological solutions. In this paper another example of such correspondence is provided. Holographic RG flows giving rise to asymptotically-free $\\beta$-functions have been analyzed in connection with holographic models of QCD. They are shown upon Wick rotation to provide a large class of inflationary models with logarithmically soft inflaton potentials. The scalar spectral index is universal and depends only on the number of e-foldings. The ratio of tensor to scalar power depends on the single extra real parameter that defines this class of models. The Starobinsky inflationary model as well as the recently proposed models of T-inflation are members of this class. The holographic setup gives a completely new (and contrasting) view to the stability and other problems of such inflationary models.
Asymptotically hyperbolic connections
Fine, Joel; Herfray, Yannick; Krasnov, Kirill; Scarinci, Carlos
2016-09-01
General relativity in four-dimensions can be equivalently described as a dynamical theory of {SO}(3)˜ {SU}(2)-connections rather than metrics. We introduce the notion of asymptotically hyperbolic connections, and work out an analogue of the Fefferman-Graham expansion in the language of connections. As in the metric setup, one can solve the arising ‘evolution’ equations order by order in the expansion in powers of the radial coordinate. The solution in the connection setting is arguably simpler, and very straightforward algebraic manipulations allow one to see how the unconstrained by Einstein equations ‘stress-energy tensor’ appears at third order in the expansion. Another interesting feature of the connection formulation is that the ‘counter terms’ required in the computation of the renormalised volume all combine into the Chern-Simons functional of the restriction of the connection to the boundary. As the Chern-Simons invariant is only defined modulo large gauge transformations, the requirement that the path integral over asymptotically hyperbolic connections is well-defined requires the cosmological constant to be quantised. Finally, in the connection setting one can deform the 4D Einstein condition in an interesting way, and we show that asymptotically hyperbolic connection expansion is universal and valid for any of the deformed theories.
Asymptotic Behavior of Solutions to the Kirchhoff Type Equation%Kirchhoff型方程解的渐近行为
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
杨志坚; 程建玲
2011-01-01
The paper studies the longtime behavior of solutions to the initial boundary value problem (IBVP) of the Kirchhoff type equation with strong damping utt-M(\\\\ ▽u||2)△u-△ut+ g(x, u) + h{ut) = f(x), with M(s) = 1 4- sm/2, m ≧ 1. With two different methords, it proves that the related continuous semigroup S(t) posseses in phase space X = (H2(Ω) n Hq(Ω)) x H10(Ω) a global attractor. At the end of the paper, an example is shown, which indicates the existence of nonlinear functions g(x, u) and h{ui).%该文研究具强阻尼项的Kirehhoff型方程utt - M(‖▽u‖2)△u-△ut+g(x,u)+h(ut)=f(x)的初边值问题的解的长时间行为,其中M(s)=1+s-m/2,m≥1.该文用两种方法证明上述问题对应的算子半群S(t)在相空间X=(H2(Ω)∩H(1/0)(Ω))×H(1/0)(Ω)中整体吸引子的存在性,最后对抽象条件加以验证并给出具体实例.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
In this paper, a (3+1)-dimensional generalized Kadomtsev—Petviashvili (GKP) equation is investigated, which can be used to describe many nonlinear phenomena in fluid dynamics and plasma physics. Based on the generalized Bell's polynomials, we succinctly construct the Hirota's bilinear equation to the GKP equation. By virtue of multidimensional Riemann theta functions, a lucid and straightforward way is presented to explicitly construct multiperiodic Riemann theta function periodic waves (quasi-periodic waves) for the (3+1)-dimensional GKP equation. Interestingly, the one-periodic waves are well-known cnoidal waves, which are considered as one-dimensional models of periodic waves. The two-periodic waves are a direct generalization of one-periodic waves, their surface pattern is two-dimensional that they have two independent spatial periods in two independent horizontal directions. Finally, we analyze asymptotic behavior of the multiperiodic periodic waves, and rigorously present the relationships between the periodic waves and soliton solutions by a limiting procedure. (general)
Asymptotic analysis and boundary layers
Cousteix, Jean
2007-01-01
This book presents a new method of asymptotic analysis of boundary-layer problems, the Successive Complementary Expansion Method (SCEM). The first part is devoted to a general comprehensive presentation of the tools of asymptotic analysis. It gives the keys to understand a boundary-layer problem and explains the methods to construct an approximation. The second part is devoted to SCEM and its applications in fluid mechanics, including external and internal flows. The advantages of SCEM are discussed in comparison with the standard Method of Matched Asymptotic Expansions. In particular, for the first time, the theory of Interactive Boundary Layer is fully justified. With its chapter summaries, detailed derivations of results, discussed examples and fully worked out problems and solutions, the book is self-contained. It is written on a mathematical level accessible to graduate and post-graduate students of engineering and physics with a good knowledge in fluid mechanics. Researchers and practitioners will estee...
Asymptotically Safe Dark Matter
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Sannino, Francesco; Shoemaker, Ian M.
2015-01-01
We introduce a new paradigm for dark matter (DM) interactions in which the interaction strength is asymptotically safe. In models of this type, the coupling strength is small at low energies but increases at higher energies, and asymptotically approaches a finite constant value. The resulting...... searches are the primary ways to constrain or discover asymptotically safe dark matter....
ASYMPTOTIC STABILITIES OF STOCHASTIC FUNCTIONAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
SHEN Yi; JIANG Ming-hui; LIAO Xiao-xin
2006-01-01
Asymptotic characteristic of solution of the stochastic functional differential equation was discussed and sufficient condition was established by multiple Lyapunov functions for locating the limit set of t he solution. Moreover, from them many effective criteria on stochastic asymptotic stability, which enable us to construct the Lyapunov functions much more easily in application, were obtained. The results show that the wellknown classical theorem on stochastic asymptotic stability is a special case of our more general results. In the end, application in stochastic Hopfield neural networks is given to verify our results.
Asymptotically hyperbolic black holes in Horava gravity
Janiszewski, Stefan
2014-01-01
Solutions of Hořava gravity that are asymptotically Lifshitz are explored. General near boundary expansions allow the calculation of the mass of these spacetimes via a Hamiltonian method. Both analytic and numeric solutions are studied which exhibit a causal boundary called the universal horizon, and are therefore black holes of the theory. The thermodynamics of an asymptotically Anti-de Sitter Hořava black hole are verified.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
吴春青
2001-01-01
In this paper,we study the asymptotic properties of the solutions of the following equation (A) △(cn△zn)+anzn+1=f(n,zn,zn+1) and obtain several sufficient conditions which guarantee that (A) has the asymptotic properties limn→∞zn=α or limn→∞(zn)/(Cn)=β,where α,β are real numbers and Cn=nj=1c-1j.%研究了差分方程△(cn△zn)+anzn+1=f(n,zn,zn+1)的系数和扰动项满足的条件，使得方程有解具有性质limn→∞zn=α或limn→∞(zn)/(Cn)=β,这里α，β为实数，Cn=nj=1c-1j.
Universal asymptotic umbrella for hydraulic fracture modeling
Linkov, Aleksandr M
2014-01-01
The paper presents universal asymptotic solution needed for efficient modeling of hydraulic fractures. We show that when neglecting the lag, there is universal asymptotic equation for the near-front opening. It appears that apart from the mechanical properties of fluid and rock, the asymptotic opening depends merely on the local speed of fracture propagation. This implies that, on one hand, the global problem is ill-posed, when trying to solve it as a boundary value problem under a fixed position of the front. On the other hand, when properly used, the universal asymptotics drastically facilitates solving hydraulic fracture problems (both analytically and numerically). We derive simple universal asymptotics and comment on their employment for efficient numerical simulation of hydraulic fractures, in particular, by well-established Level Set and Fast Marching Methods.
Asymptotic stability of Riemann waves for conservation laws
Chen, G.-Q.; Frid, H.; Marta
We are concerned with the asymptotic behavior of entropy solutions of conservation laws. A new notion about the asymptotic stability of Riemann solutions is introduced, and corresponding analytical frameworks are developed. The correlation between the asymptotic problem and many important topics in conservation laws and nonlinear analysis is recognized and analyzed, such as zero dissipation limits, uniqueness of entropy solutions, entropy analysis, and divergence-measure fields in L∞ . Then this theory is applied to understanding the asymptotic behavior of entropy solutions for many important systems of conservation laws.
Asymptotic analysis of mode Ⅰ propagating crack-tip field in a creeping material
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
WANG Zhen-qing; ZHAO Qi-cheng; LIANG Wen-yan; FU Zhang-jian
2003-01-01
Adopting an elastic-viscoplastic, the asymptotic problem of mode I propagating crack-tip field is investigated. Various asymptotic solutions resulting from the analysis of crack growing programs are presented. The analysis results show that the quasi-statically growing crack solutions are the special case of the dynamic propagating solutions. Therefore these two asymptotic solutions can be unified.
Asymptotics and Borel summability
Costin, Ovidiu
2008-01-01
Incorporating substantial developments from the last thirty years into one resource, Asymptotics and Borel Summability provides a self-contained introduction to asymptotic analysis with special emphasis on topics not covered in traditional asymptotics books. The author explains basic ideas, concepts, and methods of generalized Borel summability, transseries, and exponential asymptotics. He provides complete mathematical rigor while supplementing it with heuristic material and examples, so that some proofs may be omitted by applications-oriented readers.To give a sense of how new methods are us
Asymptotics of Random Contractions
Hashorva, Enkelejd; Tang, Qihe
2010-01-01
In this paper we discuss the asymptotic behaviour of random contractions $X=RS$, where $R$, with distribution function $F$, is a positive random variable independent of $S\\in (0,1)$. Random contractions appear naturally in insurance and finance. Our principal contribution is the derivation of the tail asymptotics of $X$ assuming that $F$ is in the max-domain of attraction of an extreme value distribution and the distribution function of $S$ satisfies a regular variation property. We apply our result to derive the asymptotics of the probability of ruin for a particular discrete-time risk model. Further we quantify in our asymptotic setting the effect of the random scaling on the Conditional Tail Expectations, risk aggregation, and derive the joint asymptotic distribution of linear combinations of random contractions.
Friesecke, G.; Goddard, B.D.
2009-01-01
Configuration-interaction (CI) models are approximations to the electronic Schrödinger equation which are widely used for numerical electronic structure calculations in quantum chemistry. Based on our recent closed-form asymptotic results for the full atomic Schrödinger equation in the limit of fixed electron number and large nuclear charge [SIAM J. Math. Anal., 41 (2009), pp. 631-664], we introduce a class of CI models for atoms which reproduce, at fixed finite model dimension, the correct S...
ASYMPTOTIC QUANTIZATION OF PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTIONS
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Klaus P(o)tzelberger
2003-01-01
We give a brief introduction to results on the asymptotics of quantization errors.The topics discussed include the quantization dimension,asymptotic distributions of sets of prototypes,asymptotically optimal quantizations,approximations and random quantizations.
Weakly asymptotically hyperbolic manifolds
Allen, Paul T; Lee, John M; Allen, Iva Stavrov
2015-01-01
We introduce a class of "weakly asymptotically hyperbolic" geometries whose sectional curvatures tend to $-1$ and are $C^0$, but are not necessarily $C^1$, conformally compact. We subsequently investigate the rate at which curvature invariants decay at infinity, identifying a conformally invariant tensor which serves as an obstruction to "higher order decay" of the Riemann curvature operator. Finally, we establish Fredholm results for geometric elliptic operators, extending the work of Rafe Mazzeo and John M. Lee to this setting. As an application, we show that any weakly asymptotically hyperbolic metric is conformally related to a weakly asymptotically hyperbolic metric of constant negative curvature.
Large Deviations and Asymptotic Methods in Finance
Gatheral, Jim; Gulisashvili, Archil; Jacquier, Antoine; Teichmann, Josef
2015-01-01
Topics covered in this volume (large deviations, differential geometry, asymptotic expansions, central limit theorems) give a full picture of the current advances in the application of asymptotic methods in mathematical finance, and thereby provide rigorous solutions to important mathematical and financial issues, such as implied volatility asymptotics, local volatility extrapolation, systemic risk and volatility estimation. This volume gathers together ground-breaking results in this field by some of its leading experts. Over the past decade, asymptotic methods have played an increasingly important role in the study of the behaviour of (financial) models. These methods provide a useful alternative to numerical methods in settings where the latter may lose accuracy (in extremes such as small and large strikes, and small maturities), and lead to a clearer understanding of the behaviour of models, and of the influence of parameters on this behaviour. Graduate students, researchers and practitioners will find th...
Liapunov structure and asymptotic expressions of linear differential systems
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
高维新
1996-01-01
With a view to the researches on asymptotic properties for linear differential systems,the characteristic number is transformed into functional dass which can indicate the change trend of the norm for solution,so the invariant structure is given under Liapunov changes and feasible computational method of asymptotic expressions for linear differential systems with variant coefficients,and various asymptotic conclusions induding the necessary and sufllcient conditions of stability are got.
Asymptotic analysis of the Nörlund and Stirling polynomials
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Mark Daniel Ward
2012-04-01
Full Text Available We provide a full asymptotic analysis of the N{\\"o}rlund polynomials and Stirling polynomials. We give a general asymptotic expansion---to any desired degree of accuracy---when the parameter is not an integer. We use singularity analysis, Hankel contours, and transfer theory. This investigation was motivated by a need for such a complete asymptotic description, with parameter 1/2, during this author's recent solution of Wilf's 3rd (previously Unsolved Problem.
Quasi-extended asymptotic functions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The class F of ''quasi-extended asymptotic functions'' is introduced. It contains all extended asymptotic functions as well as some new asymptotic functions very similar to the Schwartz distributions. On the other hand, every two quasiextended asymptotic functions can be multiplied as opposed to the Schwartz distributions; in particular, the square delta2 of an asymptotic function delta similar to Dirac's delta-function, is constructed as an example
Pratiwi, B. N.; Suparmi, A.; Cari, C.; Husein, A. S.; Yunianto, M.
2016-08-01
We apllied asymptotic iteration method (AIM) to obtain the analytical solution of the Dirac equation in case exact pseudospin symmetry in the presence of modified Pcischl- Teller potential and trigonometric Scarf II non-central potential. The Dirac equation was solved by variables separation into one dimensional Dirac equation, the radial part and angular part equation. The radial and angular part equation can be reduced into hypergeometric type equation by variable substitution and wavefunction substitution and then transform it into AIM type equation to obtain relativistic energy eigenvalue and wavefunctions. Relativistic energy was calculated numerically by Matlab software. And then relativistic energy spectrum and wavefunctions were visualized by Matlab software. The results show that the increase in the radial quantum number nr causes decrease in the relativistic energy spectrum. The negative value of energy is taken due to the pseudospin symmetry limit. Several quantum wavefunctions were presented in terms of the hypergeometric functions.
Puschnigg, Michael
1996-01-01
The aim of cyclic cohomology theories is the approximation of K-theory by cohomology theories defined by natural chain complexes. The basic example is the approximation of topological K-theory by de Rham cohomology via the classical Chern character. A cyclic cohomology theory for operator algebras is developed in the book, based on Connes' work on noncommutative geometry. Asymptotic cyclic cohomology faithfully reflects the basic properties and features of operator K-theory. It thus becomes a natural target for a Chern character. The central result of the book is a general Grothendieck-Riemann-Roch theorem in noncommutative geometry with values in asymptotic cyclic homology. Besides this, the book contains numerous examples and calculations of asymptotic cyclic cohomology groups.
Jones, D S
1997-01-01
Many branches of science and engineering involve applications of mathematical analysis. An important part of applied analysis is asymptotic approximation which is, therefore, an active area of research with new methods and publications being found constantly. This book gives an introduction to the subject sufficient for scientists and engineers to grasp the fundamental techniques, both those which have been known for some time and those which have been discovered more recently. The asymptotic approximation of both integrals and differential equations is discussed and the discussion includes hy
tuoc, Trinh Khanh
2010-01-01
The Virk asymptote is shown to be similar in nature to the Karman buffer layer profile and does not represent a new log-law with a modified mixing-length. It is simply part of the wall layer velocity profile but is extended because of the increase in wall layer thickness in drag reduction flows. The friction factors at the maximum drag reduction asymptote correspond to velocity profiles consisting of a wall layer and a law of the wake sub-region. Maximum drag reduction results in the suppression of the law of the wake and full relaminarisation of the flow.
Eigenvalue asymptotics for Dirac-Bessel operators
Hryniv, Rostyslav O.; Mykytyuk, Yaroslav V.
2016-06-01
In this paper, we establish the eigenvalue asymptotics for non-self-adjoint Dirac-Bessel operators on (0, 1) with arbitrary real angular momenta and square integrable potentials, which gives the first step for solution of the related inverse problem. The approach is based on a careful examination of the corresponding characteristic functions and their zero distribution.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Litim, Daniel F.; Sannino, Francesco
2014-01-01
We study the ultraviolet behaviour of four-dimensional quantum field theories involving non-abelian gauge fields, fermions and scalars in the Veneziano limit. In a regime where asymptotic freedom is lost, we explain how the three types of fields cooperate to develop fully interacting ultraviolet ...
On Asymptotically Orthonormal Sequences
Fricain, Emmanuel; Rupam, Rishika
2016-01-01
An asymptotically orthonormal sequence is a sequence which is 'nearly' orthonormal in the sense that it satisfies the Parseval equality up to two constants close to one. In this paper, we explore such sequences formed by normalized reproducing kernels of model spaces and de Branges Rovnyak spaces.
Cristallini, Achille
2016-07-01
A new and intriguing machine may be obtained replacing the moving pulley of a gun tackle with a fixed point in the rope. Its most important feature is the asymptotic efficiency. Here we obtain a satisfactory description of this machine by means of vector calculus and elementary trigonometry. The mathematical model has been compared with experimental data and briefly discussed.
Asymptotically anti-de Sitter Proca Stars
Duarte, Miguel
2016-01-01
We show that complex, massive spin-1 fields minimally coupled to Einstein's gravity with a negative cosmological constant, admit asymptotically anti-de Sitter self-gravitating solutions. Focusing on 4-dimensional spacetimes, we start by obtaining analytical solutions in the test-field limit, where the Proca field equations can be solved in a fixed anti-de Sitter background, and then find fully non-linear solutions numerically. These solutions are a natural extension of the recently found asymptotically flat Proca stars and share similar properties with scalar boson stars. In particular, we show that they are stable against spherically symmetric linear perturbations for a range of fundamental frequencies limited by their point of maximum mass. We finish with an overview of the behavior of Proca stars in $5$ dimensions.
Santucci, F.; Santini, P. M.
2016-10-01
We study the generalization of the dispersionless Kadomtsev-Petviashvili (dKP) equation in n+1 dimensions and with nonlinearity of degree m+1, a model equation describing the propagation of weakly nonlinear, quasi one-dimensional waves in the absence of dispersion and dissipation, and arising in several physical contexts, like acoustics, plasma physics, hydrodynamics and nonlinear optics. In 2 + 1 dimensions and with quadratic nonlinearity, this equation is integrable through a novel inverse scattering transform, and it has been recently shown to be a prototype model equation in the description of the two-dimensional wave breaking of localized initial data. In higher dimensions and with higher nonlinearity, the generalized dKP equations are not integrable, but their invariance under motions on the paraboloid allows one to construct in this paper a family of exact solutions describing waves constant on their paraboloidal wave front and breaking simultaneously in all points of it, developing after breaking either multivaluedness or single-valued discontinuous profiles (shocks). Then such exact solutions are used to build the longtime behavior of the solutions of the Cauchy problem, for small and localized initial data, showing that wave breaking of small initial data takes place in the longtime regime if and only if m(n-1)≤slant 2. Lastly, the analytic aspects of such wave breaking are investigated in detail in terms of the small initial data, in both cases in which the solution becomes multivalued after breaking or it develops a shock. These results, contained in the 2012 master’s thesis of one of the authors (FS) [1], generalize those obtained in [2] for the dKP equation in n+1 dimensions with quadratic nonlinearity, and are obtained following the same strategy.
Asymptotic analysis of outwardly propagating spherical flames
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Yun-Chao Wu; Zheng Chen
2012-01-01
Asymptotic analysis is conducted for outwardly propagating spherical flames with large activation energy.The spherical flame structure consists of the preheat zone,reaction zone,and equilibrium zone.Analytical solutions are separately obtained in these three zones and then asymptotically matched.In the asymptotic analysis,we derive a correlation describing the spherical flame temperature and propagation speed changing with the flame radius.This correlation is compared with previous results derived in the limit of infinite value of activation energy.Based on this correlation,the properties of spherical flame propagation are investigated and the effects of Lewis number on spherical flame propagation speed and extinction stretch rate are assessed.Moreover,the accuracy and performance of different models used in the spherical flame method are examined.It is found that in order to get accurate laminar flame speed and Markstein length,non-linear models should be used.
Optimistic Agents are Asymptotically Optimal
Sunehag, Peter; Hutter, Marcus
2012-01-01
We use optimism to introduce generic asymptotically optimal reinforcement learning agents. They achieve, with an arbitrary finite or compact class of environments, asymptotically optimal behavior. Furthermore, in the finite deterministic case we provide finite error bounds.
An Overview of Geometric Asymptotic Analysis of Continuous and Discrete Painlev\\'e Equations
Joshi, Nalini
2013-01-01
The classical Painlev\\'e equations are so well known that it may come as a surprise to learn that the asymptotic description of its solutions remains incomplete. The problem lies mainly with the description of families of solutions in the complex domain. Where asymptotic descriptions are known, they are stated in the literature as valid for large connected domains, which include movable poles of families of solutions. However, asymptotic analysis necessarily assumes that the solutions are bou...
The maximum drag reduction asymptote
Choueiri, George H.; Hof, Bjorn
2015-11-01
Addition of long chain polymers is one of the most efficient ways to reduce the drag of turbulent flows. Already very low concentration of polymers can lead to a substantial drag and upon further increase of the concentration the drag reduces until it reaches an empirically found limit, the so called maximum drag reduction (MDR) asymptote, which is independent of the type of polymer used. We here carry out a detailed experimental study of the approach to this asymptote for pipe flow. Particular attention is paid to the recently observed state of elasto-inertial turbulence (EIT) which has been reported to occur in polymer solutions at sufficiently high shear. Our results show that upon the approach to MDR Newtonian turbulence becomes marginalized (hibernation) and eventually completely disappears and is replaced by EIT. In particular, spectra of high Reynolds number MDR flows are compared to flows at high shear rates in small diameter tubes where EIT is found at Re < 100. The research leading to these results has received funding from the People Programme (Marie Curie Actions) of the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) under REA grant agreement n° [291734].
The maximum drag reduction asymptote
Choueiri, George H.; Hof, Bjorn
2015-11-01
Addition of long chain polymers is one of the most efficient ways to reduce the drag of turbulent flows. Already very low concentration of polymers can lead to a substantial drag and upon further increase of the concentration the drag reduces until it reaches an empirically found limit, the so called maximum drag reduction (MDR) asymptote, which is independent of the type of polymer used. We here carry out a detailed experimental study of the approach to this asymptote for pipe flow. Particular attention is paid to the recently observed state of elasto-inertial turbulence (EIT) which has been reported to occur in polymer solutions at sufficiently high shear. Our results show that upon the approach to MDR Newtonian turbulence becomes marginalized (hibernation) and eventually completely disappears and is replaced by EIT. In particular, spectra of high Reynolds number MDR flows are compared to flows at high shear rates in small diameter tubes where EIT is found at Re Marie Curie Actions) of the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) under REA grant agreement n° [291734].
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
刘凯丽; 窦家维
2012-01-01
研究了一类具有脉冲的周期L-V系统,利用脉冲微分方程的比较原理、Floquet理论及分析技巧,分析了系统周期解的存在性及系统解的全局渐近性质.并将所得到的一般结果应用于一类捕食-被捕食系统,获得了该系统正周期解的存在唯一及全局吸引的条件,进一步讨论了系统中种群灭绝的有关性质,给出一个实例进行数值模拟,阐明了所获得的理论结果.%In this paper, a class of periodic L-V impulsive system is studied. The comparison principle of impulsive differential equation, Roquet theory and some analysis techniques are used to analyse the existence of the system periodic solution and global asymptotic properties of the system. Furthermore, the general results obtained are applied to a predator-prey system, so as to obtain the existence and uniqueness of positive periodic solution to the system. Some relevant nature of extinction of population species is further discussed. Also, this paper presents a practical example to carry out the numerical simulation and to illustrate the obtained theoretical results.
Asymptotic Flatness in Rainbow Gravity
Hackett, Jonathan
2005-01-01
A construction of conformal infinity in null and spatial directions is constructed for the Rainbow-flat space-time corresponding to doubly special relativity. From this construction a definition of asymptotic DSRness is put forward which is compatible with the correspondence principle of Rainbow gravity. Furthermore a result equating asymptotically flat space-times with asymptotically DSR spacetimes is presented.
Asymptotical Properties for Parabolic Systems of Neutral Type
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
CUI Bao-tong; HAN Mao-an
2005-01-01
Asymptotical properties for the solutions of neutral parabolic systems with Robin boundary conditions were analyzed by using the inequality analysis. The oscillations problems for the neutral parabolic systems were considered and some oscillation criteria for the systems were established.
The Asymptotic Regime of High Density QCD
Gay-Ducati, M B
2000-01-01
We discuss the distinct approaches for high density QCD (hdQCD) in the asymptotic regime of large values of parton density. We derive the AGL equation for running coupling constant and obtain the asymptotic solution, demonstrating that the property of partial saturation of the solution of the AGL equation is not modified by the running of the coupling constant. We show that in this kinematical regime, the solution of the AGL equation coincides with the solution of an evolution equation, obtained recently using the McLerran-Venugopalan approach. Using the asymptotic behavior of the gluon distribution we calculate the $F_2$ structure function assuming first that the leading twist relation between these two quantities is valid and second that this relation is modified by the higher twist terms associated to the unitarity corrections. In the first case we obtain that the corresponding $F_2$ structure function is linearly proportional to $ln s$, which agrees with the results obtained recently by Kovchegov using a ...
Ho, Pei-Ming
2016-01-01
Following earlier works on the KMY model of black-hole formation and evaporation, we construct the metric for a matter sphere in gravitational collapse, with the back-reaction of pre-Hawking radiation taken into consideration. The mass distribution and collapsing velocity of the matter sphere are allowed to have an arbitrary radial dependence. We find that a generic gravitational collapse asymptote to a universal configuration which resembles a black hole but without horizon. This approach clarifies several misunderstandings about black-hole formation and evaporation, and provides a new model for black-hole-like objects in the universe.
Asymptotic admissibility of priors and elliptic differential equations
Hartigan, J A
2010-01-01
We evaluate priors by the second order asymptotic behavior of the corresponding estimators.Under certain regularity conditions, the risk differences between efficient estimators of parameters taking values in a domain D, an open connected subset of R^d, are asymptotically expressed as elliptic differential forms depending on the asymptotic covariance matrix V. Each efficient estimator has the same asymptotic risk as a 'local Bayes' estimate corresponding to a prior density p. The asymptotic decision theory of the estimators identifies the smooth prior densities as admissible or inadmissible, according to the existence of solutions to certain elliptic differential equations. The prior p is admissible if the quantity pV is sufficiently small near the boundary of D. We exhibit the unique admissible invariant prior for V=I,D=R^d-{0). A detailed example is given for a normal mixture model.
Asymptotically Lifshitz Brane-World Black Holes
Ranjbar, Arash; Shahidi, Shahab
2012-01-01
We study the gravity dual of a Lifshitz field theory in the context of a RSII brane-world scenario, taking into account the effects of the extra dimension through the contribution of the electric part of the Weyl tensor. We show that although the Lifshitz space-time cannot be considered as a vacuum solution of the RSII brane-world, the asymptotically Lifshitz solution can. We then study the thermodynamical behavior of such asymptotically Lifshitz black holes. It is shown that the condition on the positivity of entropy imposes an upper bound on the critical exponent $z$. This maximum value of $z$ corresponds to a positive infinite entropy as long as the temperature is kept positive. The stability and phase transition for different spatial topologies are also discussed.
Asymptotic analysis, Working Note No. 1: Basic concepts and definitions
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Garbey, M. [Universite Claude Bernard Lyon 1, 69 - Villeurbanne (France). Lab. d`Analyse Numerique; Kaper, H.G. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)
1993-07-01
In this note we introduce the basic concepts of asymptotic analysis. After some comments of historical interest we begin by defining the order relations O, o, and O{sup {number_sign}}, which enable us to compare the asymptotic behavior of functions of a small positive parameter {epsilon} as {epsilon} {down_arrow} 0. Next, we introduce order functions, asymptotic sequences of order functions and more general gauge sets of order functions and define the concepts of an asymptotic approximation and an asymptotic expansion with respect to a given gauge set. This string of definitions culminates in the introduction of the concept of a regular asymptotic expansion, also known as a Poincare expansion, of a function f : (0, {epsilon}{sub o}) {yields} X, where X is a normed vector space of functions defined on a domain D {epsilon} R{sup N}. We conclude the note with the asymptotic analysis of an initial value problem whose solution is obtained in the form of a regular asymptotic expansion.
Regular Variation and Smile Asymptotics
Benaim, Shalom; Friz, Peter
2006-01-01
We consider risk-neutral returns and show how their tail asymptotics translate directly to asymptotics of the implied volatility smile, thereby sharpening Roger Lee's celebrated moment formula. The theory of regular variation provides the ideal mathematical framework to formulate and prove such results. The practical value of our formulae comes from the vast literature on tail asymptotics and our conditions are often seen to be true by simple inspection of known results.
Asymptotics of the instantons of Painleve I
Garoufalidis, Stavros; Kapaev, Andrei; Marino, Marcos
2010-01-01
The 0-instanton solution of Painlev\\'e I is a sequence $(u_{n,0})$ of complex numbers which appears universally in many enumerative problems in algebraic geometry, graph theory, matrix models and 2-dimensional quantum gravity. The asymptotics of the 0-instanton $(u_{n,0})$ for large $n$ were obtained by the third author using the Riemann-Hilbert approach. For $k=0,1,2,...$, the $k$-instanton solution of Painlev\\'e I is a doubly-indexed sequence $(u_{n,k})$ of complex numbers that satisfies an explicit quadratic non-linear recursion relation. The goal of the paper is three-fold: (a) to compute the asymptotics of the 1-instanton sequence $(u_{n,1})$ to all orders in $1/n$ by using the Riemann-Hilbert method, (b) to present formulas for the asymptotics of $(u_{n,k})$ for fixed $k$ and to all orders in $1/n$ using resurgent analysis, and (c) to confirm numerically the predictions of resurgent analysis. We point out that the instanton solutions display a new type of Stokes behavior, induced from the tritronqu\\'ee ...
Asymptotic stability of solitons for the Benjamin-Ono equation
Kenig, C. E.; Martel, Y.
2008-01-01
In this paper, we prove the asymptotic stability of the family of solitons of the Benjamin-Ono equation in the energy space. The proof is based on a Liouville property for solutions close to the solitons for this equation, in the spirit of [Martel, Y. and Merle, F.: Asymptotic stability of solitons for subcritical generalized KdV equations. Arch. Ration. Mech. Anal. 157 (2001), 219-254], [Martel, Y. and Merle, F.: Asymptotic stability of solitons of the gKdV equations wit...
Research on temperature profiles of honeycomb regenerator with asymptotic analysis
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
AI Yuan-fang; MEI Chi; HUANG Guo-dong; JIANG Shao-jian; CHEN Hong-rong
2006-01-01
An asymptotic semi-analytical method for heat transfer in counter-flow honeycomb regenerator is proposed. By introducing a combined heat-transfer coefficient between the gas and solid phase, a heat transfer model is built based on the thin-walled assumption. The dimensionless thermal equation is deduced by considering solid heat conduction along the passage length. The asymptotic analysis is used for the small parameter of heat conduction term in equation. The first order asymptotic solution to temperature distribution under weak solid heat conduction is achieved after Laplace transformation through the multiple scales method and the symbolic manipulation function in MATLAB. Semi-analytical solutions agree with tests and finite-difference numerical results. It is proved possible for the asymptotic analysis to improve the effectiveness, economics and precision of thermal research on regenerator.
Asymptotically Safe Grand Unification
Bajc, Borut
2016-01-01
Phenomenologically appealing supersymmetric grand unified theories have large gauge representations and thus are not asymptotically free. Their ultraviolet validity is limited by the appearance of a Landau pole well before the Planck scale. One could hope that these theories save themselves, before the inclusion of gravity, by generating an interacting ultraviolet fixed point, similar to the one recently discovered in non-supersymmetric gauge-Yukawa theories. Employing a-maximization, a-theorem, unitarity bounds, as well as positivity of other central charges we nonperturbatively rule out this possibility for a broad class of prime candidates of phenomenologically relevant supersymmetric grand unified theories. We also uncover candidates passing these tests, which have either exotic matter or contain one field decoupled from the superpotential. The latter class of theories contains a model with the minimal matter content required by phenomenology.
Asymptotic heat transfer model in thin liquid films
Chhay, Marx; Dutykh, Denys; Gisclon, Marguerite; Ruyer-Quil, Christian
2015-01-01
In this article, we present a modelling of heat transfer occuring through a liquid film flowing down a vertical wall. This model is formally derived thanks to asymptotic developpment, by considering the physical ratio of typical length scales of the study. A new Nusselt thermal solution is proposed, taking into account the hydrodynamic free surface variations and the contributions of the higher order terms in the asymptotic model are numerically pointed out. The comparisons are provided again...
An asymptotically exact theory of smart sandwich shells
Le, Khanh Chau
2016-01-01
An asymptotically exact two-dimensional theory of elastic-piezoceramic sandwich shells is derived by the variational-asymptotic method. The error estimation of the constructed theory is given in the energetic norm. As an application, analytical solution to the problem of forced vibration of a circular elastic plate partially covered by two piezoceramic patches with thickness polarization excited by a harmonic voltage is found.
High frequency asymptotics of antenna/structure interactions
Coats, J.
2002-01-01
This thesis is motivated by the need to calculate the electromagnetic fields produced by sources radiating in the presence of conductors. We begin by reviewing existing theory concerning sources in the presence of flat structures. Various extensions to the canonical Sommerfeld problem are considered. In particular we investigate the asymptotic solution for a finite source that focusses its energy at a point. In chapter 5 we review and extend the asymptotic results concerning illuminat...
An asymptotically exact theory of functionally graded piezoelectric shells
Le, Khanh Chau
2016-01-01
An asymptotically exact two-dimensional theory of functionally graded piezoelectric shells is derived by the variational-asymptotic method. The error estimation of the constructed theory is given in the energetic norm. As an application, analytical solution to the problem of forced vibration of a functionally graded piezoceramic cylindrical shell with thickness polarization fully covered by electrodes and excited by a harmonic voltage is found.
Global asymptotic stability of positive equilibrium in a 3-species cooperating model with time delay
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
WANG Chang-you
2007-01-01
The asymptotic behavior of the time-dependent solution for a 3-species cooperating model was investigated with the effects of both diffusion and time delay taken into consideration. We proved the global asymptotic stability of a positive steady-state solution to the model problem by using coupled upper and lower solutions for a more general reaction-diffusion system that gives a common framework for 3-species cooperating model problems. The result of global asymptotic stability implies that the model system coexistence is permanent. Some global asymptotic stability results for 2-species cooperating reaction-diffusion systems are included in the discussion, and some known results are extended.
Asymptotic analysis of rf-heated collisional plasma
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
It is shown that a distribution of electrons in resonance with traveling waves, but colliding with background distributions of electrons and ions, evolves to a steady state. Details of the steady state are given analytically in the asymptotic limit of high electron energy and are compared with numerical solutions. The asymptotic analytic solution may be useful for quickly relating emission data to likely excitations and is more reliable than conventional numerical solutions at high energy. A method of improving numerics at high energy is suggested
Asymptotic Behavior of the Finite Difference and the Finite Element Methods for Parabolic Equations
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
LIU Yang; FENG Hui
2005-01-01
The asymptotic convergence of the solution of the parabolic equation is proved. By the eigenvalues estimation, we obtain that the approximate solutions by the finite difference method and the finite element method are asymptotically convergent. Both methods are considered in continuous time.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
冯月才
2004-01-01
The oscillatory and asymptotic behavior of a class of first order nonlinear neutral differential equation with piecewise constant delay and with diverse deviating arguments are considered. We prove that all solutions of the equation are nonoscillatory and give sufficient criteria for asymptotic behavior of nonoscillatory solutions of equation.
Oscillatory and Asymptotic Behavior of a Second-Order Nonlinear Functional Differential Equations
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
张全信; 高丽; 王少英
2012-01-01
This paper is concerned with oscillatory and asymptotic behavior of solutions of a class of second order nonlinear functional differential equations. By using the generalized Riccati transformation and the integral averaging technique, new oscillation criteria and asymptotic behavior are obtained for all solutions of the equation. Our results generalize and improve some known theorems.
Asymptotics of a singularly perturbed GUE partition function
Mezzadri, F
2010-01-01
We study the double scaling asymptotic limit for large matrix dimension N of the partition function of the unitary ensemble with weight exp(-z^2/2x^2 + t/x - x^2/2). We derive the asymptotics of the partition function when z and t are of O(N^(-1/2)). Our results are obtained using the Deift-Zhou steepest descent method and are expressed in terms of a solution of a fourth order nonlinear differential equation. We also compute the asymptotic limit of such a solution when zN^(1/2) -> 0. The behavior of this solution, together with fact that the partition function is an odd function in the variable t, allows us to reduce such a fourth order differential equation into a second order nonlinear ODE.
Stability of Non-Isolated Asymptotic Profiles for Fast Diffusion
Akagi, Goro
2016-07-01
The stability of asymptotic profiles of solutions to the Cauchy-Dirichlet problem for fast diffusion equation (FDE, for short) is discussed. The main result of the present paper is the stability of any asymptotic profiles of least energy. It is noteworthy that this result can cover non-isolated profiles, e.g., those for thin annular domain cases. The method of proof is based on the Łojasiewicz-Simon inequality, which is usually used to prove the convergence of solutions to prescribed limits, as well as a uniform extinction estimate for solutions to FDE. Besides, local minimizers of an energy functional associated with this issue are characterized. Furthermore, the instability of positive radial asymptotic profiles in thin annular domains is also proved by applying the Łojasiewicz-Simon inequality in a different way.
Asymptotically flat space-times: an enigma
Newman, Ezra T.
2016-07-01
We begin by emphasizing that we are dealing with standard Einstein or Einstein-Maxwell theory—absolutely no new physics has been inserted. The fresh item is that the well-known asymptotically flat solutions of the Einstein-Maxwell theory are transformed to a new coordinate system with surprising and (seemingly) inexplicable results. We begin with the standard description of (Null) asymptotically flat space-times described in conventional Bondi-coordinates. After transforming the variables (mainly the asymptotic Weyl tensor components) to a very special set of Newman-Unti (NU) coordinates, we find a series of relations totally mimicking standard Newtonian classical mechanics and Maxwell theory. The surprising and troubling aspect of these relations is that the associated motion and radiation does not take place in physical space-time. Instead these relations takes place in an unusual inherited complex four-dimensional manifold referred to as H-space that has no immediate relationship with space-time. In fact these relations appear in two such spaces, H-space and its dual space \\bar{H}.
A Note on Asymptotic Contractions
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Marina Arav
2006-12-01
Full Text Available We provide sufficient conditions for the iterates of an asymptotic contraction on a complete metric space X to converge to its unique fixed point, uniformly on each bounded subset of X.
A Note on Asymptotic Contractions
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Castillo Santos Francisco Eduardo
2007-01-01
Full Text Available We provide sufficient conditions for the iterates of an asymptotic contraction on a complete metric space to converge to its unique fixed point, uniformly on each bounded subset of .
Asymptotic algebra of quantum electrodynamics
Herdegen, Andrzej
2004-01-01
The Staruszkiewicz quantum model of the long-range structure in electrodynamics is reviewed in the form of a Weyl algebra. This is followed by a personal view on the asymptotic structure of quantum electrodynamics.
Asymptotic Dynamics of Monopole Walls
Cross, R
2015-01-01
We determine the asymptotic dynamics of the U(N) doubly periodic BPS monopole in Yang-Mills-Higgs theory, called a monopole wall, by exploring its Higgs curve using the Newton polytope and amoeba. In particular, we show that the monopole wall splits into subwalls when any of its moduli become large. The long-distance gauge and Higgs field interactions of these subwalls are abelian, allowing us to derive an asymptotic metric for the monopole wall moduli space.
Exponential asymptotics and gravity waves
Chapman, S. J.; Vanden-Broeck, J.
2006-01-01
The problem of irrotational inviscid incompressible free-surface flow is examined in the limit of small Froude number. Since this is a singular perturbation, singularities in the flow field (or its analytic continuation) such as stagnation points, or corners in submerged objects or on rough beds, lead to a divergent asymptotic expansion, with associated Stokes lines. Recent techniques in exponential asymptotics are employed to observe the switching on of exponentially small gravity waves acro...
BIHARMONIC EQUATIONS WITH ASYMPTOTICALLY LINEAR NONLINEARITIES
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Liu Yue; Wang Zhengping
2007-01-01
This article considers the equation △2u = f(x, u)with boundary conditions either u|(a)Ω = (a)u/(a)n|(a)Ω = 0 or u|(a)Ω = △u|(a)Ω = 0, where f(x,t) is asymptotically linear with respect to t at infinity, and Ω is a smooth bounded domain in RN, N ＞ 4. By a variant version of Mountain Pass Theorem, it is proved that the above problems have a nontrivial solution under suitable assumptions of f(x, t).
Homogenization and asymptotics for small transaction costs
Soner, H Mete
2012-01-01
We consider the classical Merton problem of lifetime consumption-portfolio optimization problem with small proportional transaction costs. The first order term in the asymptotic expansion is explicitly calculated through a singular ergodic control problem which can be solved in closed form in the one-dimensional case. Unlike the existing literature, we consider a general utility function and general dynamics for the underlying assets. Our arguments are based on ideas from the homogenization theory and use the convergence tools from the theory of viscosity solutions. The multidimensional case is studied in our accompanying paper using the same approach.
Vacuum polarization in asymptotically Lifshitz black holes
Quinta, Gonçalo M.; Flachi, Antonino; Lemos, José P. S.
2016-06-01
There has been considerable interest in applying the gauge-gravity duality to condensed matter theories with particular attention being devoted to gravity duals (Lifshitz spacetimes) of theories that exhibit anisotropic scaling. In this context, black hole solutions with Lifshitz asymptotics have also been constructed, focused on incorporating finite temperature effects. The goal here is to look at quantum polarization effects in these spacetimes and, to this aim, we develop a way to compute the coincidence limit of the Green's function for massive, nonminimally coupled scalar fields, adapting to the present situation the analysis developed for the case of asymptotically anti-de Sitter black holes. The basics are similar to previous calculations; however, in the Lifshitz case, one needs to extend the previous results to include a more general form for the metric and dependence on the dynamical exponent. All formulas are shown to reduce to the anti-de Sitter (AdS) case studied before once the value of the dynamical exponent is set to unity and the metric functions are accordingly chosen. The analytical results we present are general and can be applied to a variety of cases, in fact, to all spherically symmetric Lifshitz black hole solutions. We also implement the numerical analysis choosing some known Lifshitz black hole solutions as illustration.
Polynomial Asymptotes of the Second Kind
Dobbs, David E.
2011-01-01
This note uses the analytic notion of asymptotic functions to study when a function is asymptotic to a polynomial function. Along with associated existence and uniqueness results, this kind of asymptotic behaviour is related to the type of asymptote that was recently defined in a more geometric way. Applications are given to rational functions and…
Holography of 3D Asymptotically Flat Black Holes
Fareghbal, Reza
2014-01-01
We study the asymptotically flat rotating hairy black hole solution of a three-dimensional gravity theory which is given by taking flat-space limit (zero cosmological constant limit) of New Massive Gravity (NMG). We propose that the dual field theory of the flat-space limit of NMG can be described by a Contracted Conformal Field Theory (CCFT). Using Flat/CCFT correspondence we construct a stress tensor which yields the conserved charges of the asymptotically flat black hole solution. Furthermore, by taking appropriate limit of the Cardy formula in the parent CFT, we find a Cardy-like formula which reproduces the Wald's entropy of the 3D asymptotically flat black hole.
Asymptotics for restricted integer compositions
Malandro, Martin E
2011-01-01
We study the compositions of an integer n where the part sizes of the compositions are restricted to lie in a finite set. We obtain asymptotic formulas for the number of such compositions, the total and average number of parts among all such compositions, and the total and average number of times a particular part size appears among all such compositions. Several of our asymptotics have the additional property that their absolute errors---not just their percentage errors---go to 0 as n goes to infinity. Along the way we also obtain recurrences and generating functions for calculating several of these quantities. Our asymptotic formulas come from the meromorphic analysis of our generating functions. Our results also apply to questions about certain kinds of tilings and rhythm patterns.
Asymptotic behaviour of electro-$\\Lambda$ spacetimes
Saw, Vee-Liem
2016-01-01
We derive the asymptotic solutions for vacuum spacetimes with non-zero cosmological constant $\\Lambda$ coupled to Maxwell fields, using the Newman-Penrose formalism. This extends a recent work that dealt with the vacuum Einstein (Newman-Penrose) equations with $\\Lambda=0$. Using these asymptotic solutions, we discuss the mass-loss of an isolated electro-gravitating system with cosmological constant. In a universe with $\\Lambda>0$, the physics of electromagnetic (EM) radiation is relatively straightforward compared to those of gravitational radiation: 1) It is clear that outgoing EM radiation results in a decrease to the Bondi mass of the isolated system. 2) It is also perspicuous that if any incoming EM radiation from elsewhere is present, those beyond the isolated system's cosmological horizon would eventually arrive at the spacelike $\\mathcal{I}$ and increase the Bondi mass of the isolated system. Hence, the (outgoing and incoming) EM radiation fields do not couple with the Bondi mass-loss formula in any un...
Superradiant instabilities of asymptotically anti-de Sitter black holes
Green, Stephen R.; Hollands, Stefan; Ishibashi, Akihiro; Wald, Robert M.
2016-06-01
We study the linear stability of asymptotically anti-de Sitter black holes in general relativity in spacetime dimension d≥slant 4. Our approach is an adaptation of the general framework of Hollands and Wald, which gives a stability criterion in terms of the sign of the canonical energy, { E }. The general framework was originally formulated for static or stationary and axisymmetric black holes in the asymptotically flat case, and the stability analysis for that case applies only to axisymmetric perturbations. However, in the asymptotically anti-de Sitter case, the stability analysis requires only that the black hole have a single Killing field normal to the horizon and there are no restrictions on the perturbations (apart from smoothness and appropriate behavior at infinity). For an asymptotically anti-de Sitter black hole, we define an ergoregion to be a region where the horizon Killing field is spacelike; such a region, if present, would normally occur near infinity. We show that for black holes with ergoregions, initial data can be constructed such that { E }\\lt 0, so all such black holes are unstable. To obtain such initial data, we first construct an approximate solution to the constraint equations using the WKB method, and then we use the Corvino-Schoen technique to obtain an exact solution. We also discuss the case of charged asymptotically anti-de Sitter black holes with generalized ergoregions.
Ruin problems and tail asymptotics
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Rønn-Nielsen, Anders
The thesis Ruin Problems and Tail Asymptotics provides results on ruin problems for several classes of Markov processes. For a class of diffusion processes with jumps an explicit expression for the joint Laplace transform of the first passage time and the corresponding undershoot is derived...... by an underlying Harris recurrent Markov process some asymptotic results for the ruin probability are derived. Finally, a paper, which is separate in content from the rest of the thesis, treats a RESTART problem in the situation, where failures occur with decreasing intensity....
Asymptotic freedom for nonrelativistic confinement
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Some aspects of asymptotic freedom are discussed in the context of a simple two-particle nonrelativistic confining potential model. In this model, asymptotic freedom follows from the similarity of the free-particle and bound state radial wave functions at small distances and for the same angular momentum and the same large energy. This similarity, which can be understood using simple quantum mechanical arguments, can be used to show that the exact response function approaches that obtained when final state interactions are ignored. A method of calculating corrections to this limit is given, and explicit examples are given for the case of a harmonic oscillator
Asymptotic risks of Viterbi segmentation
Kuljus, Kristi
2010-01-01
We consider the maximum likelihood (Viterbi) alignment of a hidden Markov model (HMM). In an HMM, the underlying Markov chain is usually hidden and the Viterbi alignment is often used as the estimate of it. This approach will be referred to as the Viterbi segmentation. The goodness of the Viterbi segmentation can be measured by several risks. In this paper, we prove the existence of asymptotic risks. Being independent of data, the asymptotic risks can be considered as the characteristics of the model that illustrate the long-run behavior of the Viterbi segmentation.
Comment on Asymptotically Safe Inflation
Tye, S -H Henry
2010-01-01
We comment on Weinberg's interesting analysis of asymptotically safe inflation (arXiv:0911.3165). We find that even if the gravity theory exhibits an ultraviolet fixed point, the energy scale during inflation is way too low to drive the theory close to the fixed point value. We choose the specific renormalization groupflow away from the fixed point towards the infrared region that reproduces the Newton's constant and today's cosmological constant. We follow this RG flow path to scales below the Planck scale to study the stability of the inflationary scenario. Again, we find that some fine tuning is necessary to get enough efolds of infflation in the asymptotically safe inflationary scenario.
Asymptotic analysis and numerical modeling of mass transport in tubular structures
Cardone, G; Sirakov, Y
2009-01-01
In the paper the flow in a thin tubular structure is considered. The velocity of the flow stands for a coefficient in the diffusion-convection equation set in the thin structure. An asymptotic expansion of solution is constructed. This expansion is used further for justification of an asymptotic domain decomposition strategy essentially reducing the memory and the time of the code. A numerical solution obtained by this strategy is compared to the numerical solution obtained by a direct FEM computation.
Asymptotic speed of spreading in a delay lattice differential equation without quasimonotonicity
Fuzhen Wu
2014-01-01
This article concerns the asymptotic speed of spreading in a delay lattice differential equation without quasimonotonicity. We obtain the speed of spreading by constructing an auxiliary undelayed equation, whose speed of spreading is the same as that of the original equation. The minimal wave speed of bounded positive traveling wave solutions is obtained from the asymptotic spreading.
Asymptotic Speed of Wave Propagation for A Discrete Reaction-Diffusion Equation
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Xiu-xiang Liu; Pei-xuan Weng
2006-01-01
We deal with asymptotic speed of wave propagation for a discrete reaction-diffusion equation. We find the minimal wave speed c* from the characteristic equation and show that c* is just the asymptotic speed of wave propagation. The isotropic property and the existence of solution of the initial value problem for the given equation are also discussed.
Asymptotic Dichotomy in a Class of Odd-Order Nonlinear Differential Equations with Impulses
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Kunwen Wen
2013-01-01
Full Text Available We investigate the oscillatory and asymptotic behavior of a class of odd-order nonlinear differential equations with impulses. We obtain criteria that ensure every solution is either oscillatory or (nonoscillatory and zero convergent. We provide several examples to show that impulses play an important role in the asymptotic behaviors of these equations.
New explicit global asymptotic stability criteria for higher order difference equations
El-Morshedy, Hassan A.
2007-12-01
New explicit sufficient conditions for the asymptotic stability of the zero solution of higher order difference equations are obtained. These criteria can be applied to autonomous and nonautonomous equations. The celebrated Clark asymptotic stability criterion is improved. Also, applications to models from mathematical biology and macroeconomics are given.
DISSIPATION AND DISPERSION APPROXIMATION TO HYDRODYNAMICAL EQUATIONS AND ASYMPTOTIC LIMIT
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Hsiao Ling; Li Hailiang
2008-01-01
The compressible Euler equations with dissipation and/or dispersion correction are widely used in the area of applied sciences, for instance, plasma physics,charge transport in semiconductor devices, astrophysics, geophysics, etc. We consider the compressible Euler equation with density-dependent (degenerate) viscosities and capillarity, and investigate the global existence of weak solutions and asymptotic limit.
Asymptotic behavior of tidal damping in alluvial estuaries
Cai, H.; Savenije, H.H.G.
2013-01-01
Tidal wave propagation can be described analytically by a set of four implicit equations, i.e., the phase lag equation, the scaling equation, the damping equation, and the celerity equation. It is demonstrated that this system of equations has an asymptotic solution for an infinite channel, reflecti
ASYMPTOTIC PROPERTIES OF MLE FOR WEIBULL DISTRIBUTION WITH GROUPED DATA
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
XUE Hongqi; SONG Lixin
2002-01-01
A grouped data model for Weibull distribution is considered. Under mild con-ditions, the maximum likelihood estimators(MLE) are shown to be identifiable, strongly consistent, asymptotically normal, and satisfy the law of iterated logarithm. Newton iter- ation algorithm is also considered, which converges to the unique solution of the likelihood equation. Moreover, we extend these results to a random case.
ASYMPTOTIC BEHAVIOR OF DELAY DISCRETETIME NEURAL NETWORKS WITH CRITICAL THRESHOLD
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
ZhangHongqiang; LiuKaiyu
2005-01-01
This paper is concerned with a delay discrete-time system arising as a discrete-time network of two neurons with McCulloch-Pitts nonlinearity. We obtain the asymptotic behaviors of the solutions of the system for some cases.The results obtained improve and extend the corresponding results established recently by Zhou, Yu and Huang [1].
Large time asymptotics for the Grinevich-Zakharov potentials
Kazeykina, Anna
2010-01-01
In this article we show that the large time asymptotics for the Grinevich-Zakharov rational solutions of the Novikov-Veselov equation at positive energy (an analog of KdV in 2+1 dimensions) is given by a finite sum of localized travel waves (solitons).
Elastohydrodynamic lubrication for line and point contacts asymptotic and numerical approaches
Kudish, Ilya I
2013-01-01
Elastohydrodynamic Lubrication for Line and Point Contacts: Asymptotic and Numerical Approaches describes a coherent asymptotic approach to the analysis of lubrication problems for heavily loaded line and point contacts. This approach leads to unified asymptotic equations for line and point contacts as well as stable numerical algorithms for the solution of these elastohydrodynamic lubrication (EHL) problems. A Unique Approach to Analyzing Lubrication Problems for Heavily Loaded Line and Point Contacts The book presents a robust combination of asymptotic and numerical techniques to solve EHL p
Asymptotic methods in mechanics of solids
Bauer, Svetlana M; Smirnov, Andrei L; Tovstik, Petr E; Vaillancourt, Rémi
2015-01-01
The construction of solutions of singularly perturbed systems of equations and boundary value problems that are characteristic for the mechanics of thin-walled structures are the main focus of the book. The theoretical results are supplemented by the analysis of problems and exercises. Some of the topics are rarely discussed in the textbooks, for example, the Newton polyhedron, which is a generalization of the Newton polygon for equations with two or more parameters. After introducing the important concept of the index of variation for functions special attention is devoted to eigenvalue problems containing a small parameter. The main part of the book deals with methods of asymptotic solutions of linear singularly perturbed boundary and boundary value problems without or with turning points, respectively. As examples, one-dimensional equilibrium, dynamics and stability problems for rigid bodies and solids are presented in detail. Numerous exercises and examples as well as vast references to the relevant Russi...
Multichannel Scattering Problem with Non-trivial Asymptotic Non-adiabatic Coupling
Yakovlev, S L; Elander, N; Belyaev, A K
2016-01-01
The multichannel scattering problem in an adiabatic representation is considered. The non-adiabatic coupling matrix is assumed to have a non-trivial constant asymptotic behavior at large internuclear separations. The asymptotic solutions at large internuclear distances are constructed. It is shown that these solutions up to the first order of perturbation theory are identical to the asymptotic solutions of the re-projection approach, which was proposed earlier as a remedy for the electron translation problem in the context of the Born-Oppenheimer treatment.
Kazeykina, Anna
2010-01-01
In the present paper we begin studies on the large time asymptotic behavior for solutions of the Cauchy problem for the Novikov--Veselov equation (an analog of KdV in 2 + 1 dimensions) at positive energy. In addition, we are focused on a family of reflectionless (transparent) potentials parameterized by a function of two variables. In particular, we show that there are no isolated soliton type waves in the large time asymptotics for these solutions in contrast with well-known large time asymptotics for solutions of the KdV equation with reflectionless initial data.
Asymptotic expansions of Jacobi functions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The author presents an asymptotic expansion of the Jacobi polynomials which is based on the fact, that these polynomials are special hypergeometric functions. He uses an integral representation of these functions and expands the integrand in a power series. He derives explicit error bounds on this expansion. (HSI)
Asymptotics of weighted random sums
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Corcuera, José Manuel; Nualart, David; Podolskij, Mark
2014-01-01
In this paper we study the asymptotic behaviour of weighted random sums when the sum process converges stably in law to a Brownian motion and the weight process has continuous trajectories, more regular than that of a Brownian motion. We show that these sums converge in law to the integral of the...
Inaccurate usage of asymptotic formulas
Maj, R; Maj, Radoslaw; Mrowczynski, Stanislaw
2004-01-01
The asymptotic form of the plane-wave decomposition into spherical waves, which is often used, in particular, to express the scattering amplitude through the phase shifts, is incorrect. We precisely explain why it is incorrect and show how to circumvent mathematical inconsistency.
Dynamics of loops: asymptotic freedom and quark confinement
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
New manifestly gauge invariant diagram technique in the loop space is developed. For that purpose a boot-strap ' equation, determining the self-consistent asymptotics, is solved in the framework of the perturbation theory. The boot-strap equation is equivalent to the system including the Bianchi identity and the planar equation accompanied by Euclidean boundary conditions. It is shown that the area law of quark confinement is a self-consistent solution of the boot-strap equation. The frame diagrams constructed by means of certain operator technique reproduce asymptotic freedom in the ultraviolet range
Asymptotic analysis of spatial discretizations in implicit Monte Carlo
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Densmore, Jeffery D [Los Alamos National Laboratory
2009-01-01
We perform an asymptotic analysis of spatial discretizations in Implicit Monte Carlo (IMC). We consider two asymptotic scalings: one that represents a time step that resolves the mean-free time, and one that corresponds to a fixed, optically large time step. We show that only the latter scaling results in a valid spatial discretization of the proper diffusion equation, and thus we conclude that IMC only yields accurate solutions when using optically large spatial cells if time steps are also optically large. We demonstrate the validity of our analysis with a set of numerical examples.
Asymptotic analysis of spatial discretizations in implicit Monte Carlo
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Densmore, Jeffery D [Los Alamos National Laboratory
2008-01-01
We perform an asymptotic analysis of spatial discretizations in Implicit Monte Carlo (IMC). We consider two asymptotic scalings: one that represents a time step that resolves the mean-free time, and one that corresponds to a fixed, optically large time step. We show that only the latter scaling results in a valid spatial discretization of the proper diffusion equation, and thus we conclude that IMC only yields accurate solutions when using optically large spatial cells if time steps are also optically large, We demonstrate the validity of our analysis with a set of numerical examples.
The Asymptotic Limit for the 3D Boussinesq System
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
LI Lin-rui; WANG Ke; HONG Ming-li
2016-01-01
In this paper, we show the asymptotic limit for the 3D Boussinesq system with zero viscosity limit or zero diffusivity limit. By the classical energy method, we prove that as viscosity(or diffusivity) coeﬃcient goes to zero the solutions of the fully viscous equations converges to those of zero viscosity(or zero diffusivity) equations, which extend the previous results on the asymptotic limit under the conditions of the zero parameter(zero viscosityν=0 or zero diffusivityη=0) in 2D case separately.
Counting spanning trees on fractal graphs and their asymptotic complexity
Anema, Jason A.; Tsougkas, Konstantinos
2016-09-01
Using the method of spectral decimation and a modified version of Kirchhoff's matrix-tree theorem, a closed form solution to the number of spanning trees on approximating graphs to a fully symmetric self-similar structure on a finitely ramified fractal is given in theorem 3.4. We show how spectral decimation implies the existence of the asymptotic complexity constant and obtain some bounds for it. Examples calculated include the Sierpiński gasket, a non-post critically finite analog of the Sierpiński gasket, the Diamond fractal, and the hexagasket. For each example, the asymptotic complexity constant is found.
Asymptotic heat transfer model in thin liquid films
Chhay, Marx; Gisclon, Marguerite; Ruyer-Quil, Christian
2015-01-01
In this article, we present a modelling of heat transfer occuring through a liquid film flowing down a vertical wall. This model is formally derived thanks to asymptotic developpment, by considering the physical ratio of typical length scales of the study. A new Nusselt thermal solution is proposed, taking into account the hydrodynamic free surface variations and the contributions of the higher order terms in the asymptotic model are numerically pointed out. The comparisons are provided against the resolution of the full Fourier equations in a steady state frame.
On the charge density and asymptotic tail of a monopole
Harland, Derek
2015-01-01
We propose a new definition for the abelian magnetic charge density of a non-abelian monopole, based on zero-modes of an associated Dirac operator. Unlike the standard definition of the charge density, this density is smooth in the core of the monopole. We show that this charge density induces a magnetic field whose expansion in powers of 1/r agrees with that of the conventional asymptotic magnetic field to all orders. We also show that the asymptotic field can be easily calculated from the spectral curve. Explicit examples are given for known monopole solutions.
Contact mechanics of articular cartilage layers asymptotic models
Argatov, Ivan
2015-01-01
This book presents a comprehensive and unifying approach to articular contact mechanics with an emphasis on frictionless contact interaction of thin cartilage layers. The first part of the book (Chapters 1–4) reviews the results of asymptotic analysis of the deformational behavior of thin elastic and viscoelastic layers. A comprehensive review of the literature is combined with the authors’ original contributions. The compressible and incompressible cases are treated separately with a focus on exact solutions for asymptotic models of frictionless contact for thin transversely isotropic layers bonded to rigid substrates shaped like elliptic paraboloids. The second part (Chapters 5, 6, and 7) deals with the non-axisymmetric contact of thin transversely isotropic biphasic layers and presents the asymptotic modelling methodology for tibio-femoral contact. The third part of the book consists of Chapter 8, which covers contact problems for thin bonded inhomogeneous transversely isotropic elastic layers, and Cha...
On Asymptotically Efficient Estimation in Semiparametric Models
Schick, Anton
1986-01-01
A general method for the construction of asymptotically efficient estimates in semiparametric models is presented. It improves and modifies Bickel's (1982) construction of adaptive estimates and obtains asymptotically efficient estimates under conditions weaker than those in Bickel.
Vacuum polarization in asymptotically Lifshitz black holes
Quinta, Gonçalo M; Lemos, José P S
2016-01-01
There has been considerable interest in applying the gauge/gravity duality to condensed matter theories with particular attention being devoted to gravity duals (Lifshitz spacetimes) of theories that exhibit anisotropic scaling. In this context, black hole solutions with Lifshitz asymptotics have also been constructed aiming at incorporating finite temperature effects. The goal here is to look at quantum polarization effects in these spacetimes, and to this aim, we develop a way to compute the coincidence limit of the Green's function for massive, non-minimally coupled scalar fields, adapting to the present situation the analysis developed for the case of asymptotically anti de Sitter black holes. The basics are similar to previous calculations, however in the Lifshitz case one needs to extend previous results to include a more general form for the metric and dependence on the dynamical exponent. All formulae are shown to reduce to the AdS case studied before once the value of the dynamical exponent is set to...
ASYMPTOTIC THEORY OF INITIAL VALUE PROBLEMS FOR NONLINEAR PERTURBED KLEIN-GORDON EQUATIONS
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
GAN Zai-hui; ZHANG Jian
2005-01-01
The asymptotic theory of initial value problems for a class of nonlinear perturbed Klein-Gordon equations in two space dimensions is considered. Firstly, using the contraction mapping principle, combining some priori estimates and the convergence of Bessel function, the well-posedness of solutions of the initial value problem in twice continuous differentiable space was obtained according to the equivalent integral equation of initial value problem for the Klein-Gordon equations. Next, formal approximations of initial value problem was constructed by perturbation method and the asymptotic validity of the formal approximation is got. Finally, an application of the asymptotic theory was given, the asymptotic approximation degree of solutions for the initial value problem of a specific nonlinear Klein-Gordon equation was analyzed by using the asymptotic approximation theorem.
Localized travelling waves in the asymptotic suction boundary layer
Kreilos, Tobias; Schneider, Tobias M
2016-01-01
We present two spanwise-localized travelling wave solutions in the asymptotic suction boundary layer, obtained by continuation of solutions of plane Couette flow. One of the solutions has the vortical structures located close to the wall, similar to spanwise-localized edge states previously found for this system. The vortical structures of the second solution are located in the free stream far above the laminar boundary layer and are supported by a secondary shear gradient that is created by a large-scale low-speed streak. The dynamically relevant eigenmodes of this solution are concentrated in the free stream, and the departure into turbulence from this solution evolves in the free stream towards the walls. For invariant solutions in free-stream turbulence, this solution thus shows that that the source of energy of the vortical structures can be a dynamical structure of the solution itself, instead of the laminar boundary layer.
The multi-channel scattering with velocity-dependent asymptotic potentials
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Asymptotic solution for the system of radial Schroedinger equations with velocity-dependent potentials are investigated. Boundary conditions for the multichannel radial Schroedinger equation at the infinity and some finite point Rp are proposed. 12 refs.; 6 figs
Asymptotic safety goes on shell
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
It is well known in quantum field theory that the off-shell effective action depends on the gauge choice and field parametrization used in calculating it. Nevertheless, the typical scheme in which the scenario of asymptotically safe gravity is investigated is an off-shell version of the functional renormalization group equation. Working with the Einstein-Hilbert truncation as a test bed, we develop a new scheme for the analysis of asymptotically safe gravity in which the on-shell part of the effective action is singled out and we show that the beta function for the essential coupling has no explicit gauge dependence. In order to reach our goal, we introduce several technical novelties, including a different decomposition of the metric fluctuations, a new implementation of the ghost sector and a new cut-off scheme. We find a nontrivial fixed point, with a value of the cosmological constant that is independent of the gauge-fixing parameters. (paper)
Asymptotic safety goes on shell
Benedetti, Dario
2012-01-01
It is well known in quantum field theory that the off-shell effective action depends on the gauge choice and field parametrization used in calculating it. Nevertheless, the typical scheme in which the scenario of asymptotically safe gravity is investigated is an off-shell version of the functional renormalization group equation. Working with the Einstein-Hilbert truncation as a test bed, we develop a new scheme for the analysis of asymptotically safe gravity in which the on-shell part of the effective action is singled out and we show that the beta function for the essential coupling has no explicit gauge dependence. In order to reach our goal, we introduce several technical novelties, including a different decomposition of the metric fluctuations, a new implementation of the ghost sector and a new cut-off scheme. We find a nontrivial fixed point, with a value of the cosmological constant that is independent of the gauge-fixing parameters.
Exponential asymptotics and capillary waves
Chapman, S. J.; Vanden-Broeck, J.
2002-01-01
Recently developed techniques in exponential asymptotics beyond all orders are employed on the problem of potential flows with a free surface and small surface tension, in the absence of gravity. Exponentially small capillary waves are found to be generated on the free surface where the equipotentials from singularities in the flow (for example, stagnation points and corners) meet it. The amplitude of these waves is determined, and the implications are considered for many quite general flows....
Thermodynamics of asymptotically safe theories
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Rischke, Dirk H.; Sannino, Francesco
2015-01-01
We investigate the thermodynamic properties of a novel class of gauge-Yukawa theories that have recently been shown to be completely asymptotically safe, because their short-distance behaviour is determined by the presence of an interacting fixed point. Not only do all the coupling constants freeze...... degrees of freedom of these theories to next-to-next-to-leading order in the coupling constants....
Asymptotic Excisions of Metric Spaces and Ideals of Asymptotic Coarse Roe Algebras
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
LI Jin-xiu; WANG Qin
2006-01-01
We introduce in this note the notions of asymptotic excision of proper metric spaces and asymptotic equivalence relation for subspaces of metric spaces, which are relevant in characterizing spatial ideals of the asymptotic coarse Roe algebras. We show that the lattice of the asymptotic equivalence classes of the subspaces of a proper metric space is isomorphic to the lattice of the spatial ideals of the asymptotic Roe algebra. For asymptotic excisions of the metric space, we also establish a Mayer-Vietoris sequence in K-theory of the asymptotic coarse Roe algebras.
Extended Analytic Device Optimization Employing Asymptotic Expansion
Mackey, Jonathan; Sehirlioglu, Alp; Dynsys, Fred
2013-01-01
Analytic optimization of a thermoelectric junction often introduces several simplifying assumptionsincluding constant material properties, fixed known hot and cold shoe temperatures, and thermallyinsulated leg sides. In fact all of these simplifications will have an effect on device performance,ranging from negligible to significant depending on conditions. Numerical methods, such as FiniteElement Analysis or iterative techniques, are often used to perform more detailed analysis andaccount for these simplifications. While numerical methods may stand as a suitable solution scheme,they are weak in gaining physical understanding and only serve to optimize through iterativesearching techniques. Analytic and asymptotic expansion techniques can be used to solve thegoverning system of thermoelectric differential equations with fewer or less severe assumptionsthan the classic case. Analytic methods can provide meaningful closed form solutions and generatebetter physical understanding of the conditions for when simplifying assumptions may be valid.In obtaining the analytic solutions a set of dimensionless parameters, which characterize allthermoelectric couples, is formulated and provide the limiting cases for validating assumptions.Presentation includes optimization of both classic rectangular couples as well as practically andtheoretically interesting cylindrical couples using optimization parameters physically meaningful toa cylindrical couple. Solutions incorporate the physical behavior for i) thermal resistance of hot andcold shoes, ii) variable material properties with temperature, and iii) lateral heat transfer through legsides.
Asymptotically Lifshitz spacetimes with universal horizons in $(1 + 2)$ dimensions
Basu, Sayandeb; Mattingly, David; Roberson, Matthew
2016-01-01
Horava gravity theory possesses global Lifshitz space as a solution and has been conjectured to provide a natural framework for Lifshitz holography. We derive the conditions on the two derivative Horava gravity Lagrangian that are necessary for static, asymptotically Lifshitz spacetimes with flat transverse dimensions to contain a universal horizon, which plays a similar thermodynamic role as the Killing horizon in general relativity. Specializing to z=2 in 1+2 dimensions, we then numerically construct such regular solutions over the whole spacetime. We calculate the mass for these solutions and show that, unlike the asymptotically anti-de Sitter case, the first law applied to the universal horizon is straightforwardly compatible with a thermodynamic interpretation.
Asymptotically Lifshitz spacetimes with universal horizons in (1 +2 ) dimensions
Basu, Sayandeb; Bhattacharyya, Jishnu; Mattingly, David; Roberson, Matthew
2016-03-01
Hořava gravity theory possesses global Lifshitz space as a solution and has been conjectured to provide a natural framework for Lifshitz holography. We derive the conditions on the two-derivative Hořava gravity Lagrangian that are necessary for static, asymptotically Lifshitz spacetimes with flat transverse dimensions to contain a universal horizon, which plays a similar thermodynamic role as the Killing horizon in general relativity. Specializing to z =2 in 1 +2 dimensions, we then numerically construct such regular solutions over the whole spacetime. We calculate the mass for these solutions and show that, unlike the asymptotically anti-de Sitter case, the first law applied to the universal horizon is straightforwardly compatible with a thermodynamic interpretation.
Asymptotic stability of steady compressible fluids
Padula, Mariarosaria
2011-01-01
This volume introduces a systematic approach to the solution of some mathematical problems that arise in the study of the hyperbolic-parabolic systems of equations that govern the motions of thermodynamic fluids. It is intended for a wide audience of theoretical and applied mathematicians with an interest in compressible flow, capillarity theory, and control theory. The focus is particularly on recent results concerning nonlinear asymptotic stability, which are independent of assumptions about the smallness of the initial data. Of particular interest is the loss of control that sometimes results when steady flows of compressible fluids are upset by large disturbances. The main ideas are illustrated in the context of three different physical problems: (i) A barotropic viscous gas in a fixed domain with compact boundary. The domain may be either an exterior domain or a bounded domain, and the boundary may be either impermeable or porous. (ii) An isothermal viscous gas in a domain with free boundaries. (iii) A h...
Exact and asymptotic results for insurance risk models with surplus-dependent premiums
Albrecher, Hansjörg; Palmowski, Zbigniew; Regensburger, Georg; Rosenkranz, Markus
2011-01-01
In this paper we develop a symbolic technique to obtain asymptotic expressions for ruin probabilities and discounted penalty functions in renewal insurance risk models when the premium income depends on the present surplus of the insurance portfolio. The analysis is based on boundary problems for linear ordinary differential equations with variable coefficients. The algebraic structure of the Green's operators allows us to develop an intuitive way of tackling the asymptotic behavior of the solutions, leading to exponential-type expansions and Cram\\'er-type asymptotics. Furthermore, we obtain closed-form solutions for more specific cases of premium functions in the compound Poisson risk model.
ON THE ASYMPTOTIC BEHAVIOUR OF THE STEADY SUPERSONIC FLOWS AT INFINITY
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
ZHANG YONGQIAN
2005-01-01
This paper studies the asymptotic behaviour of steady supersonic flow past a piecewise smooth corner or bend. Under the hypothese that both vertex angle and the total variation of tangent along the boundary are small, it is shown that the solution can be obtained by a modified Glimm scheme, and that the asymptotic behaviour of the solution is determined by the velocity of incoming flow and the limit of the tangent of the boundary at infinity.
To theory of asymptotically stable accelerating Universe in Riemann-Cartan spacetime
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Garkun, A.S. [The National Academy of Sciences of Belarus, Nezalezhnosti av. 66, 220072 Minsk (Belarus); Kudin, V.I.; Minkevich, A.V., E-mail: garkun@bsu.by, E-mail: kudzin_w@tut.by, E-mail: minkav@bsu.by [Department of Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics, Belarusian State University, Nezalezhnosti av. 2, 220030 Minsk (Belarus)
2014-12-01
Homogeneous isotropic cosmological models built in the framework of the Poincar'e gauge theory of gravity based on general expression of gravitational Lagrangian with indefinite parameters are analyzed. Special points of cosmological solutions for flat cosmological models at asymptotics and conditions of their stability in dependence of indefinite parameters are found. Procedure of numerical integration of the system of gravitational equations at asymptotics is considered. Numerical solution for accelerating Universe without dark energy is obtained.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
HUANG; Yunqing; SHU; Shi; YU; Haiyuan
2004-01-01
In this paper, we discuss the error estimation of the linear finite element solution on criss-cross mesh. Using space orthogonal decomposition techniques, we obtain an asymptotic expansion and superconvergence results of the finite element solution. We first prove that the asymptotic expansion has different forms on the two kinds of nodes and then derive a high accuracy combination formula of the approximate derivatives.
Asymptotics for the Korteweg-de Vries-Burgers Equation
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Nakao HAYASHI; Pavel I. NAUMKIN
2006-01-01
We study large time asymptotics of solutions to the Korteweg-de Vries-Burgers equation ut + uux - uxx + uxxx = 0, x ∈ R, t ＞ 0.We are interested in the large time asymptotics for the case when the initial data have an arbitrary size. We prove that ifthe initial data u0 ∈ Hs (R) ∩L1 (R), where s ＞ -1/2,then there exists a uniquesolution u (t,x) ∈ C∞ ((0, ∞);H∞ (R)) to the Cauchy problem for the Korteweg-de Vries-Burgers equation, which has asymptotics u (t) = t-1/2fM((·)t-1/2) + o(t-1/2) as t →∞, where fM is the self-similar solution for the Burgers equation. Moreover if xu0 (x) ∈ L1 (R),then the asymptotics are true u (t) = t-1/2fM((·)t-1/2) + O(t-1/2-γ),where γ∈ (0,1/2).
Asymptotics of the filtration problem for suspension in porous media
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Kuzmina Ludmila Ivanovna
2015-01-01
Full Text Available The mechanical-geometric model of the suspension filtering in the porous media is considered. Suspended solid particles of the same size move with suspension flow through the porous media - a solid body with pores - channels of constant cross section. It is assumed that the particles pass freely through the pores of large diameter and are stuck at the inlet of pores that are smaller than the particle size. It is considered that one particle can clog only one small pore and vice versa. The particles stuck in the pores remain motionless and form a deposit. The concentrations of suspended and retained particles satisfy a quasilinear hyperbolic system of partial differential equations of the first order, obtained as a result of macro-averaging of micro-stochastic diffusion equations. Initially the porous media contains no particles and both concentrations are equal to zero; the suspension supplied to the porous media inlet has a constant concentration of suspended particles. The flow of particles moves in the porous media with a constant speed, before the wave front the concentrations of suspended and retained particles are zero. Assuming that the filtration coefficient is small we construct an asymptotic solution of the filtration problem over the concentration front. The terms of the asymptotic expansions satisfy linear partial differential equations of the first order and are determined successively in an explicit form. It is shown that in the simplest case the asymptotics found matches the known asymptotic expansion of the solution near the concentration front.
Asymptotic Analysis of Fiber-Reinforced Composites of Hexagonal Structure
Kalamkarov, Alexander L.; Andrianov, Igor V.; Pacheco, Pedro M. C. L.; Savi, Marcelo A.; Starushenko, Galina A.
2016-08-01
The fiber-reinforced composite materials with periodic cylindrical inclusions of a circular cross-section arranged in a hexagonal array are analyzed. The governing analytical relations of the thermal conductivity problem for such composites are obtained using the asymptotic homogenization method. The lubrication theory is applied for the asymptotic solution of the unit cell problems in the cases of inclusions of large and close to limit diameters, and for inclusions with high conductivity. The lubrication method is further generalized to the cases of finite values of the physical properties of inclusions, as well as for the cases of medium-sized inclusions. The analytical formulas for the effective coefficient of thermal conductivity of the fiber-reinforced composite materials of a hexagonal structure are derived in the cases of small conductivity of inclusions, as well as in the cases of extremely low conductivity of inclusions. The three-phase composite model (TPhM) is applied for solving the unit cell problems in the cases of the inclusions with small diameters, and the asymptotic analysis of the obtained solutions is performed for inclusions of small sizes. The obtained results are analyzed and illustrated graphically, and the limits of their applicability are evaluated. They are compared with the known numerical and asymptotic data in some particular cases, and very good agreement is demonstrated.
Asymptotic integration of differential and difference equations
Bodine, Sigrun
2015-01-01
This book presents the theory of asymptotic integration for both linear differential and difference equations. This type of asymptotic analysis is based on some fundamental principles by Norman Levinson. While he applied them to a special class of differential equations, subsequent work has shown that the same principles lead to asymptotic results for much wider classes of differential and also difference equations. After discussing asymptotic integration in a unified approach, this book studies how the application of these methods provides several new insights and frequent improvements to results found in earlier literature. It then continues with a brief introduction to the relatively new field of asymptotic integration for dynamic equations on time scales. Asymptotic Integration of Differential and Difference Equations is a self-contained and clearly structured presentation of some of the most important results in asymptotic integration and the techniques used in this field. It will appeal to researchers i...
The Einstein Constraint Equations on Asymptotically Euclidean Manifolds
Dilts, James
2015-01-01
In this dissertation, we prove a number of results regarding the conformal method of finding solutions to the Einstein constraint equations. These results include necessary and sufficient conditions for the Lichnerowicz equation to have solutions, global supersolutions which guarantee solutions to the conformal constraint equations for near-constant-mean-curvature (near-CMC) data as well as for far-from-CMC data, a proof of the limit equation criterion in the near-CMC case, as well as a model problem on the relationship between the asymptotic constants of solutions and the ADM mass. We also prove a characterization of the Yamabe classes on asymptotically Euclidean manifolds and resolve the (conformally) prescribed scalar curvature problem on asymptotically Euclidean manifolds for the case of nonpositive scalar curvatures. Many, though not all, of the results in this dissertation have been previously published in [Dilts13b], [DIMM14], [DL14], [DM15], and [DGI15]. This article is the author's Ph.D. dissertation...
Modeling broadband poroelastic propagation using an asymptotic approach
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Vasco, Donald W.
2009-05-01
An asymptotic method, valid in the presence of smoothly-varying heterogeneity, is used to derive a semi-analytic solution to the equations for fluid and solid displacements in a poroelastic medium. The solution is defined along trajectories through the porous medium model, in the manner of ray theory. The lowest order expression in the asymptotic expansion provides an eikonal equation for the phase. There are three modes of propagation, two modes of longitudinal displacement and a single mode of transverse displacement. The two longitudinal modes define the Biot fast and slow waves which have very different propagation characteristics. In the limit of low frequency, the Biot slow wave propagates as a diffusive disturbance, in essence a transient pressure pulse. Conversely, at low frequencies the Biot fast wave and the transverse mode are modified elastic waves. At intermediate frequencies the wave characteristics of the longitudinal modes are mixed. A comparison of the asymptotic solution with analytic and numerical solutions shows reasonably good agreement for both homogeneous and heterogeneous Earth models.
Asymptotics of robust utility maximization
Knispel, Thomas
2012-01-01
For a stochastic factor model we maximize the long-term growth rate of robust expected power utility with parameter $\\lambda\\in(0,1)$. Using duality methods the problem is reformulated as an infinite time horizon, risk-sensitive control problem. Our results characterize the optimal growth rate, an optimal long-term trading strategy and an asymptotic worst-case model in terms of an ergodic Bellman equation. With these results we propose a duality approach to a "robust large deviations" criterion for optimal long-term investment.
Asymptotics for Associated Random Variables
Oliveira, Paulo Eduardo
2012-01-01
The book concerns the notion of association in probability and statistics. Association and some other positive dependence notions were introduced in 1966 and 1967 but received little attention from the probabilistic and statistics community. The interest in these dependence notions increased in the last 15 to 20 years, and many asymptotic results were proved and improved. Despite this increased interest, characterizations and results remained essentially scattered in the literature published in different journals. The goal of this book is to bring together the bulk of these results, presenting
Asymptotic black hole quasinormal frequencies
Motl, Lubos; Neitzke, Andrew
2003-01-01
We give a new derivation of the quasinormal frequencies of Schwarzschild black holes in d greater than or equal to 4 and Reissner-Nordstrom black holes in d = 4, in the limit of infinite damping. For Schwarzschild in d greater than or equal to 4 we find that the asymptotic real part is THawkinglog(3) for scalar perturbations and for some gravitational perturbations; this confirms a result previously obtained by other means in the case d = 4. For Reissner-Nordstrom in d = 4 w...
Asymptotic properties of ground states of scalar field equations with a vanishing parameter
Moroz, Vitaly
2012-01-01
We study the leading order behaviour of positive solutions of the equation -\\Delta u +\\varepsilon u-|u|^{p-2}u+|u|^{q-2}u=0,\\qquad x\\in\\R^N, where $N\\ge 3$, $q>p>2$ and when $\\varepsilon>0$ is a small parameter. We give a complete characterization of all possible asymptotic regimes as a function of $p$, $q$ and $N$. The behavior of solutions depends sensitively on whether $p$ is less, equal or bigger than the critical Sobolev exponent $p^\\ast=\\frac{2N}{N-2}$. For $pp^\\ast$ the solution asymptotically coincides with the solution of the equation with $\\varepsilon=0$. In the most delicate case $p=p^\\ast$ the asymptotic behaviour of the solutions is given by a particular solution of the critical Emden--Fowler equation, whose choice depends on $\\varepsilon$ in a nontrivial way.
Li, Yongfeng; Cui, Jingan; Song, Xinyu
2009-01-01
In this paper, the nonautonomous competing two-species Lotka-Volterra models with impulsive effect are considered, where all the parameters are time-dependent and asymptotically approach the corresponding periodic functions. Under some conditions, it is shown that the semi-trivial positive solutions of the models asymptotically approach the semi-trivial positive periodic solutions of the corresponding periodic system. It is also shown that the positive solution of the models asymptotically approach the positive periodic solution of the corresponding periodic system.
Asymptotically flat black holes with scalar hair: a review
Herdeiro, Carlos A R
2015-01-01
We consider the status of black hole solutions with non-trivial scalar fields but no gauge fields, in four dimensional asymptotically flat space-times, reviewing both classical results and recent developments. We start by providing a simple illustration on the physical difference between black holes in electro-vacuum and scalar-vacuum. Next, we review no-scalar-hair theorems. In particular, we detail an influential theorem by Bekenstein and stress three key assumptions: 1) the type of scalar field equation; 2) the spacetime symmetry inheritance by the scalar field; 3) an energy condition. Then, we list regular (on and outside the horizon), asymptotically flat BH solutions with scalar hair, organizing them by the assumption which is violated in each case and distinguishing primary from secondary hair. We provide a table summary of the state of the art.
Inspiralling, nonprecessing, spinning black hole binary spacetime via asymptotic matching
Ireland, Brennan; Mundim, Bruno C.; Nakano, Hiroyuki; Campanelli, Manuela
2016-05-01
We construct a new global, fully analytic, approximate spacetime which accurately describes the dynamics of nonprecessing, spinning black hole binaries during the inspiral phase of the relativistic merger process. This approximate solution of the vacuum Einstein's equations can be obtained by asymptotically matching perturbed Kerr solutions near the two black holes to a post-Newtonian metric valid far from the two black holes. This metric is then matched to a post-Minkowskian metric even farther out in the wave zone. The procedure of asymptotic matching is generalized to be valid on all spatial hypersurfaces, instead of a small group of initial hypersurfaces discussed in previous works. This metric is well suited for long term dynamical simulations of spinning black hole binary spacetimes prior to merger, such as studies of circumbinary gas accretion which requires hundreds of binary orbits.
Conformal symmetries of gravity from asymptotic methods: further developments
Lambert, Pierre-Henry
2014-01-01
In this thesis, the symmetry structure of gravitational theories at null infinity is studied further, in the case of pure gravity in four dimensions and also in the case of Einstein-Yang-Mills theory in $d$ dimensions with and without a cosmological constant. The first part of this thesis is devoted to the presentation of asymptotic methods (symmetries, solution space and surface charges) applied to gravity in the case of the BMS gauge in three and four spacetime dimensions. The second part of this thesis contains the original contributions. Firstly, it is shown that the enhancement from Lorentz to Virasoro algebra also occurs for asymptotically flat spacetimes defined in the sense of Newman-Unti. As a first application, the transformation laws of the Newman-Penrose coefficients characterizing solution space of the Newman-Unti approach are worked out, focusing on the inhomogeneous terms that contain the information about central extensions of the theory. These transformations laws make the conformal structure...
On Asymptotic Freedom and Confinement from Type-IIB Supergravity
Kehagias, A A
1999-01-01
We present a new type-IIB supergravity vacuum that describes the strong coupling regime of a non-supersymmetric gauge theory. The latter has a running coupling such that the theory becomes asymptotically free in the ultraviolet. It also has a running theta angle due to a non-vanishing axion field in the supergravity solution. We also present a worm-hole solution, which has finite action per unit four-dimensional volume and two asymptotic regions, a flat space and an AdS^5\\times S^5. The corresponding N=2 gauge theory, instead of being finite, has a running coupling. We compute the quark-antiquark potential in this case and find that it exhibits, under certain assumptions, area-law behaviour for large separations.
On asymptotic freedom and confinement from type-IIB supergravity
Kehagias, A.; Sfetsos, K.
1999-06-01
We present a new type-IIB supergravity vacuum that describes the strong coupling regime of a non-supersymmetric gauge theory. The latter has a running coupling such that the theory becomes asymptotically free in the ultraviolet. It also has a running theta angle due to a non-vanishing axion field in the supergravity solution. We also present a worm-hole solution, which has finite action per unit four-dimensional volume and two asymptotic regions, a flat space and an AdS5xS5. The corresponding N=2 gauge theory, instead of being finite, has a running coupling. We compute the quark-antiquark potential in this case and find that it exhibits, under certain assumptions, an area-law behaviour for large separations.
Asymptotically Free Gauge Theories. I
Wilczek, Frank; Gross, David J.
1973-07-01
Asymptotically free gauge theories of the strong interactions are constructed and analyzed. The reasons for doing this are recounted, including a review of renormalization group techniques and their application to scaling phenomena. The renormalization group equations are derived for Yang-Mills theories. The parameters that enter into the equations are calculated to lowest order and it is shown that these theories are asymptotically free. More specifically the effective coupling constant, which determines the ultraviolet behavior of the theory, vanishes for large space-like momenta. Fermions are incorporated and the construction of realistic models is discussed. We propose that the strong interactions be mediated by a "color" gauge group which commutes with SU(3)xSU(3). The problem of symmetry breaking is discussed. It appears likely that this would have a dynamical origin. It is suggested that the gauge symmetry might not be broken, and that the severe infrared singularities prevent the occurrence of non-color singlet physical states. The deep inelastic structure functions, as well as the electron position total annihilation cross section are analyzed. Scaling obtains up to calculable logarithmic corrections, and the naive lightcone or parton model results follow. The problems of incorporating scalar mesons and breaking the symmetry by the Higgs mechanism are explained in detail.
Asymptotic black hole quasinormal frequencies
Motl, L; Motl, Lubos; Neitzke, Andrew
2003-01-01
We give a simple derivation of the quasinormal frequencies of Schwarzschild black holes in d>=4 and non-extremal Reissner-Nordstrom black holes in d=4, in the limit of infinite damping. For Schwarzschild in d=4 the asymptotic real part of the frequency is (T_Hawking)log(1+2cos(pi.j)), where j is the spin of the perturbation; this confirms a result previously obtained by other means. For Schwarzschild in d>4 we find that the asymptotic real part is (T_Hawking)log(3) for scalar perturbations. For non-extremal Reissner-Nordstrom in d=4 we find a specific but generally aperiodic behavior for the quasinormal frequencies, both for scalar perturbations and for axial electromagnetic-gravitational perturbations; there is nevertheless a hint that the value (T_Hawking)log(2) may be special in this case. The formulae are obtained by studying the monodromy of the perturbation analytically continued to the complex plane.
Asymptotic safety goes on shell
Benedetti, Dario
2011-01-01
It is well known in quantum field theory that the off-shell effective action depends on the gauge choice and field parametrization used in calculating it. Nevertheless, the typical scheme in which the scenario of asymptotically safe gravity is investigated is an off-shell version of the functional renormalization group equation. Working with the Einstein-Hilbert truncation as a test bed, we develop a new scheme for the analysis of asymptotically safe gravity in which the on-shell part of the effective action is singled out and we show that the beta function for the essential coupling has no explicit gauge-dependence. In order to reach our goal, we introduce several technical novelties, including a different decomposition of the metric fluctuations, a new implementation of the ghost sector, and a new cut-off scheme. We find a non-trivial fixed point, with a value of the cosmological constant which is independent of the gauge-fixing parameters.
ASYMPTOTIC PROPERTIES OF MLE FOR WEIBULL DISTRIBUTION WITH GROUPED DATA
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
XUEHongqi; SONGLixin
2002-01-01
A grouped data model for weibull distribution is considered.Under mild conditions .the maximum likelihood estimators(MLE)are shown to be identifiable,strongly consistent,asymptotically normal,and satisfy the law of iterated logarithm .Newton iteration algorthm is also condsidered,which converges to the unique solution of the likelihood equation.Moreover,we extend these results to a random case.
An asymptotic preserving scheme for strongly anisotropic elliptic problems
Degond, Pierre; Deluzet, Fabrice; Negulescu, Claudia
2009-01-01
21 pages In this article we introduce an asymptotic preserving scheme designed to compute the solution of a two dimensional elliptic equation presenting large anisotropies. We focus on an anisotropy aligned with one direction, the dominant part of the elliptic operator being supplemented with Neumann boundary conditions. A new scheme is introduced which allows an accurate resolution of this elliptic equation for an arbitrary anisotropy ratio.
Asymptotic Analysis for One-Name Credit Derivatives
Yong-Ki Ma; Beom Jin Kim
2013-01-01
We propose approximate solutions to price defaultable zero-coupon bonds as well as the corresponding credit default swaps and bond options. We consider the intensity-based approach of a two-correlated-factor Hull-White model with stochastic volatility of interest rate process. Perturbations from the stochastic volatility are computed by using an asymptotic analysis. We also study the sensitive properties of the defaultable bond prices and the yield curves.
Asymptotic properties of the C-Metric
Sladek, Pavel
2010-01-01
The aim of this article is to analyze the asymptotic properties of the C-metric, using a general method specified in work of Tafel and coworkers, [1], [2], [3]. By finding an appropriate conformal factor $\\Omega$, it allows the investigation of the asymptotic properties of a given asymptotically flat spacetime. The news function and Bondi mass aspect are computed, their general properties are analyzed, as well as the small mass, small acceleration, small and large Bondi time limits.
Asymptotic independence and a network traffic model
Maulik, Krishanu; Resnick, Sidney; Rootzén, Holger
2002-01-01
The usual concept of asymptotic independence, as discussed in the context of extreme value theory, requires the distribution of the coordinatewise sample maxima under suitable centering and scaling to converge to a product measure. However, this definition is too broad to conclude anything interesting about the tail behavior of the product of two random variables that are asymptotically independent. Here we introduce a new concept of asymptotic independence which allows u...
Asymptotics of near unit roots (in Russian)
Stanislav Anatolyev; Nikolay Gospodinov
2012-01-01
Sometimes the conventional asymptotic theory yields that the limiting distribution changes discontinuously, or that the asymptotic distribution does not approximate accurately the actual finite-sample distribution. In such situations one finds useful an asymptotic tool of drifting parameterizations where certain parameters are allowed to depend explicitly on the sample size. It proves useful, among other things, for impulse response analysis and forecasting of strongly dependent processes at ...
Asymptotic conservation laws in field theory
Anderson, Ian M.; Torre, Charles G.
1996-01-01
A new, general, field theoretic approach to the derivation of asymptotic conservation laws is presented. In this approach asymptotic conservation laws are constructed directly from the field equations according to a universal prescription which does not rely upon the existence of Noether identities or any Lagrangian or Hamiltonian formalisms. The resulting general expressions of the conservation laws enjoy important invariance properties and synthesize all known asymptotic conservation...
Why are tensor field theories asymptotically free?
Rivasseau, Vincent
2015-01-01
In this pedagogic letter we explain the combinatorics underlying the generic asymptotic freedom of tensor field theories. We focus on simple combinatorial models with a $1/p^2$ propagator and quartic interactions and on the comparison between the intermediate field representations of the vector, matrix and tensor cases. The transition from asymptotic freedom (tensor case) to asymptotic safety (matrix case) is related to the crossing symmetry of the matrix vertex whereas in the vector case, the lack of asymptotic freedom ("Landau ghost"), as in the ordinary scalar case, is simply due to the absence of any wave function renormalization at one loop.
A note on asymptotically anti-de Sitter quantum spacetimes in loop quantum gravity
Bodendorfer, Norbert
2015-01-01
A framework conceptually based on the conformal techniques employed to study the structure of the gravitational field at infinity is set up in the context of loop quantum gravity to describe asymptotically anti-de Sitter quantum spacetimes. A conformal compactification of the spatial slice is performed, which, in terms of the rescaled metric, has now finite volume, and can thus be conveniently described by spin networks states. The conformal factor used is a physical scalar field, which has the necessary asymptotics for many asymptotically AdS black hole solutions.
Global asymptotical ω-periodicity of a fractional-order non-autonomous neural networks.
Chen, Boshan; Chen, Jiejie
2015-08-01
We study the global asymptotic ω-periodicity for a fractional-order non-autonomous neural networks. Firstly, based on the Caputo fractional-order derivative it is shown that ω-periodic or autonomous fractional-order neural networks cannot generate exactly ω-periodic signals. Next, by using the contraction mapping principle we discuss the existence and uniqueness of S-asymptotically ω-periodic solution for a class of fractional-order non-autonomous neural networks. Then by using a fractional-order differential and integral inequality technique, we study global Mittag-Leffler stability and global asymptotical periodicity of the fractional-order non-autonomous neural networks, which shows that all paths of the networks, starting from arbitrary points and responding to persistent, nonconstant ω-periodic external inputs, asymptotically converge to the same nonconstant ω-periodic function that may be not a solution.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Wang Kaiyong; Wang Yuebao; Yin Chuancun
2011-01-01
This article gives the equivalent conditions of the local asymptotics for the overshoot of a random walk with heavy-tailed increments, from which we find that the above asymptotics are different from the local asymptoties for the supremum of the random walk. To do this, the article first extends and improves some existing results about the solutions of renewal equations.
Impulsive control of stochastic system under the sense of stochastic asymptotical stability
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Niu Yu-Jun; Ma Ge
2010-01-01
This paper studies the stochastic asymptotical stability of stochastic impulsive differential equations,and establishes a comparison theory to ensure the trivial solution's stochastic asymptotical stability.From the comparison theory,it can find out whether the stochastic impulsive differential system is stable just by studying the stability of a deterimpulsive control method,and numerical simulations are employed to verify the feasibility of this method.
Black branes in AdS: BPS bounds and asymptotic charges
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Hristov, K. [Institute for Theoretical Physics and Spinoza Institute, Utrecht University, 3508 TD Utrecht (Netherlands); Faculty of Physics, Sofia University, Sofia 1164 (Bulgaria); Toldo, C.; Vandoren, S. [Institute for Theoretical Physics and Spinoza Institute, Utrecht University, 3508 TD Utrecht (Netherlands)
2012-09-15
We focus on black branes and toroidal black holes in N = 2 gauged supergravities that asymptote to AdS{sub 4}, and derive formulas for the mass and central charge densities. We derive the corresponding BPS bound from the superalgebra of the asymptotic vacuum and illustrate our procedure with explicit examples of genuine black brane solutions with non-trivial scalars. (Copyright copyright 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)
Asymptotic stability of monostable wavefronts in discrete-time integral recursions
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2010-01-01
The aim of this work is to study the traveling wavefronts in a discrete-time integral recursion with a Gauss kernel in R2.We first establish the existence of traveling wavefronts as well as their precise asymptotic behavior.Then,by employing the comparison principle and upper and lower solutions technique,we prove the asymptotic stability and uniqueness of such monostable wavefronts in the sense of phase shift and circumnutation.We also obtain some similar results in R.
Huimin Yu
2012-01-01
The asymptotic behavior (as well as the global existence) of classical solutions to the 3D compressible Euler equations are considered. For polytropic perfect gas $(P(\\rho )={P}_{0}{\\rho }^{\\gamma })$ , time asymptotically, it has been proved by Pan and Zhao (2009) that linear damping and slip boundary effect make the density satisfying the porous medium equation and the momentum obeying the classical Darcy's law. In this paper, we use a more general method and extend this resu...
Asymptotically flat and regular Cauchy data
Dain, S
2002-01-01
I describe the construction of a large class of asymptotically flat initial data with non-vanishing mass and angular momentum for which the metric and the extrinsic curvature have asymptotic expansions at space-like infinity in terms of powers of a radial coordinate. I emphasize the motivations and the main ideas behind the proofs.
8. Asymptotically Flat and Regular Cauchy Data
Dain, Sergio
I describe the construction of a large class of asymptotically flat initial data with non-vanishing mass and angular momentum for which the metric and the extrinsic curvature have asymptotic expansions at space-like infinity in terms of powers of a radial coordinate. I emphasize the motivations and the main ideas behind the proofs.
Einstein Constraints on Asymptotically Euclidean Manifolds
Choquet-Bruhat, Y; York, J W; Choquet-Bruhat, Yvonne; Isenberg, James; York, James W.
2000-01-01
We consider the Einstein constraints on asymptotically euclidean manifolds $M$ of dimension $n \\geq 3$ with sources of both scaled and unscaled types. We extend to asymptotically euclidean manifolds the constructive method of proof of existence. We also treat discontinuous scaled sources. In the last section we obtain new results in the case of non-constant mean curvature.
An asymptotic model of the F layer
Oliver, W. L.
2012-01-01
A model of the F layer of the ionosphere is presented that consists of a bottomside asymptote that ignores transport and a topside asymptote that ignores chemistry. The asymptotes connect at the balance height dividing the chemistry and transport regimes. A combination of these two asymptotes produces a good approximation to the true F layer. Analogously, a model of F layer response to an applied vertical drift is presented that consists of two asymptotic responses, one that ignores transport and one that ignores chemistry. The combination of these asymptotic responses produces a good approximation to the response of the true F layer. This latter response is identical to the “servo” response of Rishbeth et al. (1978), derived from the continuity equation. The asymptotic approach bypasses the continuity equation in favor of “force balance” arguments and so replaces a differential equation with simpler algebraic equations. This new approach provides a convenient and intuitive mean for first-order estimates of the change in F layer peak height and density in terms of changes in neutral density, composition, temperature, winds, and electric fields. It is applicable at midlatitudes and at magnetically quiet times at high latitudes. Forensic inverse relations are possible but are not unique. The validity of the asymptotic relations is shown through numerical simulation.
Antigraviting Bubbles with the Non-Minkowskian Asymptotics
Barnaveli, A T
1996-01-01
The conventional approach describes the spherical domain walls by the same state equation as the flat ones. In such case they also must be gravitationally repulsive, what is seemingly in contradiction with Birkhoff's theorem. However this theorem is not valid for the solutions which do not display Minkowski geometry in the infinity. In this paper the solution of Einstein equations describing the stable gravitationally repulsive spherical domain wall is considered within the thin-wall formalism for the case of the non-Minkowskian asymptotics.
Dissipation of acoustic-gravity waves: an asymptotic approach.
Godin, Oleg A
2014-12-01
Acoustic-gravity waves in the middle and upper atmosphere and long-range propagation of infrasound are strongly affected by air viscosity and thermal conductivity. To characterize the wave dissipation, it is typical to consider idealized environments, which admit plane-wave solutions. Here, an asymptotic approach is developed that relies instead on the assumption that spatial variations of environmental parameters are gradual. It is found that realistic assumptions about the atmosphere lead to rather different predictions for wave damping than do the plane-wave solutions. A modification to the Sutherland-Bass model of infrasound absorption is proposed. PMID:25480091
Penrose type inequalities for asymptotically hyperbolic graphs
Dahl, Mattias; Sakovich, Anna
2013-01-01
In this paper we study asymptotically hyperbolic manifolds given as graphs of asymptotically constant functions over hyperbolic space $\\bH^n$. The graphs are considered as subsets of $\\bH^{n+1}$ and carry the induced metric. For such manifolds the scalar curvature appears in the divergence of a 1-form involving the integrand for the asymptotically hyperbolic mass. Integrating this divergence we estimate the mass by an integral over an inner boundary. In case the inner boundary satisfies a convexity condition this can in turn be estimated in terms of the area of the inner boundary. The resulting estimates are similar to the conjectured Penrose inequality for asymptotically hyperbolic manifolds. The work presented here is inspired by Lam's article concerning the asymptotically Euclidean case.
Local asymptotic normality and asymptotical minimax efficiency of the MLE under random censorship
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
王启华; 荆炳义
2000-01-01
Here we study the problems of local asymptotic normality of the parametric family of distri-butions and asymptotic minimax efficient estimators when the observations are subject to right censor-ing. Local asymptotic normality will be established under some mild regularity conditions. A lower bound for local asymptotic minimax risk is given with respect to a bowl-shaped loss function, and fur-thermore a necessary and sufficient condition is given in order to achieve this lower bound. Finally, we show that this lower bound can be attained by the maximum likelihood estimator in the censored case and hence it is local asymptotic minimax efficient.
Local asymptotic normality and asymptotical minimax efficiency of the MLE under random censorship
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2000-01-01
Here we study the problems of local asymptotic normality of the parametric family of distributions and asymptotic minimax efficient estimators when the observations are subject to right censoring. Local asymptotic normality will be established under some mild regularity conditions. A lower bound for local asymptotic minimax risk is given with respect to a bowl-shaped loss function, and furthermore a necessary and sufficient condition is given in order to achieve this lower bound. Finally, we show that this lower bound can be attained by the maximum likelihood estimator in the censored case and hence it is local asymptotic minimax efficient.
Charged rotating dilaton black holes with Kaluza-Klein asymptotics
Knoll, Christian; Nedkova, Petya
2016-03-01
We construct a class of stationary and axisymmetric solutions to the five-dimensional Einstein-Maxwell-dilaton gravity, which describe configurations of charged rotating black objects with Kaluza-Klein asymptotics. The solutions are constructed by uplifting a vacuum seed solution to six dimensions, performing a boost and a subsequent circle reduction. We investigate the physical properties of the charged solutions and obtain their general relations to the properties of the vacuum seed. We also derive the gyromagnetic ratio and the Smarr-like relations. As particular cases, we study three solutions, which describe a charged rotating black string, a charged rotating black ring on Kaluza-Klein bubbles, and a superposition of two black holes and a Kaluza-Klein bubble.
Wormholes with asymptotic Lifshitz scaling in Hořava gravity
Bellorín, Jorge; Restuccia, Alvaro; Sotomayor, Adrián
2016-08-01
We study static spherically symmetric solutions of the nonprojectable Hořava theory with and without cosmological constant. The solutions we find are two-side wormholes and (single-side) naked singularities. Interestingly, in the case of negative cosmological constant we find that in the exterior side the wormhole acquires an asymptotic scaling between space and time equal to the scaling of the Lifshitz solution, which was previously found to be a vacuum solution of the same theory. This result leads us to pose the question whether in the case of negative cosmological constant the asymptotic anisotropic Lifshitz scaling is a generic feature of the vacuum field equations rather than the asymptotic AdS-like scaling.
Asymptotic analysis of a vibrating cantilever with a nonlinear boundary
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
CHEN LiQun; C.W.LIM; HU QingQuan; DING Hu
2009-01-01
Nonlinear vibration of a cantilever in a contact atomic force microscope is analyzed via an asymptotic approach.The asymptotic solution is sought for a beam equation with a nonlinear boundary condition.The steady-state responses are determined in primary resonance and subharmonic resonance.The relations between the response amplitudes and the excitation frequencies and amplitudes are derived from the solvability condition.Multivaluedness occurs in the relations as a consequence of the nonlinearity.The stability of steady-state responses is analyzed by use of the Lyapunov linearized sta-bility theory.The stability analysis predicts the jumping phenomenon for certain parameters.The curves of the response amplitudes changing with the excitation frequencies are numerically compared with those obtained via the method of multiple scales.The calculation results demonstrate that the two methods predict the same varying tendencies while there are small quantitative differences.
Asymptotic analysis of a vibrating cantilever with a nonlinear boundary
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
C.; W.; LIM
2009-01-01
Nonlinear vibration of a cantilever in a contact atomic force microscope is analyzed via an asymptotic approach. The asymptotic solution is sought for a beam equation with a nonlinear boundary condition. The steady-state responses are determined in primary resonance and subharmonic resonance. The relations between the response amplitudes and the excitation frequencies and amplitudes are derived from the solvability condition. Multivaluedness occurs in the relations as a consequence of the nonlinearity. The stability of steady-state responses is analyzed by use of the Lyapunov linearized stability theory. The stability analysis predicts the jumping phenomenon for certain parameters. The curves of the response amplitudes changing with the excitation frequencies are numerically compared with those obtained via the method of multiple scales. The calculation results demonstrate that the two methods predict the same varying tendencies while there are small quantitative differences.
Asymptotic fingerprinting capacity for non-binary alphabets
Boesten, Dion
2011-01-01
We compute the channel capacity of non-binary fingerprinting under the Marking Assumption, in the limit of large coalition size c. The solution for the binary case was found by Huang and Moulin. They showed that asymptotically, the capacity is $1/(c^2 2\\ln 2)$, the interleaving attack is optimal and the arcsine distribution is the optimal bias distribution. In this paper we prove that the asymptotic capacity for general alphabet size q is $(q-1)/(c^2 2\\ln q)$. Our proof technique does not reveal the optimal attack or bias distribution. The fact that the capacity is an increasing function of q shows that there is a real gain in going to non-binary alphabets.
Cherniavski, V. M.; Shtemler, Yu. M.
2013-01-01
The potential flow of an incompressible inviscid heavy fluid over a light one is considered. The integral version of the method of matched asymptotic expansion is applied to the construction of the solution over long intervals of time. The asymptotic solution describes the flow in which a bubble rises with constant speed and the "tongue" is in free fall. The outer expansion is stationary, but the inner one depends on time. It is shown that the solution exists within the same range of Froude n...
Singular solution of the Liouville equation under perturbation
Kalyakin, L. A.
1999-01-01
Small perturbation of the Liouville equation under singular initial data is considered. An asymptotics of the singular solution is constructed by the method which is similar to Bogolubov -- Krylov one. The main object is an asymptotics of the singular lines.
Asymptotic dynamics of inertial particles with memory
Langlois, Gabriel Provencher; Haller, George
2014-01-01
Recent experimental and numerical observations have shown the significance of the Basset--Boussinesq memory term on the dynamics of small spherical rigid particles (or inertial particles) suspended in an ambient fluid flow. These observations suggest an algebraic decay to an asymptotic state, as opposed to the exponential convergence in the absence of the memory term. Here, we prove that the observed algebraic decay is a universal property of the Maxey--Riley equation. Specifically, the particle velocity decays algebraically in time to a limit that is $\\mathcal O(\\epsilon)$-close to the fluid velocity, where $0<\\epsilon\\ll 1$ is proportional to the square of the ratio of the particle radius to the fluid characteristic length-scale. These results follows from a sharp analytic upper bound that we derive for the particle velocity. For completeness, we also present a first proof of existence and uniqueness of global solutions to the Maxey--Riley equation, a nonlinear system of fractional-order differential equ...
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
林祥亮
2011-01-01
The convergence estimate of entropy solution of the scalar degenerated viscous conservation law is discussed, using the same method as that in Kuznetsov＇s paper which discusses the non-degenerative case. The solution of initial value problem of the scalar degenerated viscous conservation law, u＋f（u ）x=ε（x, t）uxx （ε（x, t）≥0）, converges to that of the corresponding problem of non-degenerative case, ut q-f（u）x =0, when ｜｜ε｜｜co→0. Moreover, a convergence estimate is given.%主要研究退化的粘性守恒律方程的熵解的收敛性问题.采用Kuznetsov的证明方法,类似于他对非退化的情形的讨论,证明了当‖ε‖C0→0时,粘性守恒律方程utε＋f（uε）x=ε（x,t）uεxx（ε（x,t）≥0）初值问题的解uε（x,t）收敛到无粘守恒律方程ut＋f（u）x=0相应初值问题的解u（x,t）,并给出了收敛性的一个估计.
Asymptotics of thermal spectral functions
Caron-Huot, S
2009-01-01
We use operator product expansion (OPE) techniques to study the spectral functions of currents at finite temperature, in the high-energy time-like region $\\omega\\gg T$. The leading corrections to the spectral function of currents and stress tensors are proportional to $\\sim T^4$ expectation values in general, and the leading corrections $\\sim g^2T^4$ are calculated at weak coupling, up to one undetermined coefficient in the shear viscosity channel. Spectral functions in the asymptotic regime are shown to be infrared safe up to order $g^8T^4$. The convergence of sum rules in the shear and bulk viscosity channels is established in QCD to all orders in perturbation theory, though numerically significant tails $\\sim T^4/(\\log\\omega)^3$ are shown to exist in the bulk viscosity channel and to have an impact on sum rules recently proposed by Kharzeev and Tuchin. We argue that the spectral functions of currents and stress tensors in strongly coupled $\\mathcal{N}=4$ super Yang-Mills do not receive any medium-dependent...
ASYMPTOTICS OF INITIAL BOUNDARY VALUE PROBLEMS OF BIPOLAR HYDRODYNAMIC MODEL FOR SEMICONDUCTORS
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Ju Qiangchang
2004-01-01
In this paper, we study the asymptotic behavior of the solutions to the bipolar hydrodynamic model with Dirichlet boundary conditions. It is shown that the initial boundary problem of the model admits a global smooth solution which decays to the steady state exponentially fast.
Asymptotic theory for weakly non-linear wave equations in semi-infinite domains
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Chirakkal V. Easwaran
2004-01-01
Full Text Available We prove the existence and uniqueness of solutions of a class of weakly non-linear wave equations in a semi-infinite region $0le x$, $t< L/sqrt{|epsilon|}$ under arbitrary initial and boundary conditions. We also establish the asymptotic validity of formal perturbation approximations of the solutions in this region.
On the Conditions for the Orbitally Asymptotical Stability of the Almost
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2000-01-01
@@This paper studies the behaviors of the solutions in the vicinity of a givenalmost periodic solution of the autonomous system x′=f(x), x Rn , (1) where f C1 (Rn ,Rn ). Since the periodic solutions of the autonomous system are not Liapunov asymptotic stable, we consider the weak orbitally stability. For the planar autonomous systems (n=2), the classical result of orbitally stability about its periodic solution with period w belongs to Poincare, i.e.
Asymptotic Safety, Emergence and Minimal Length
Percacci, R
2010-01-01
There seems to be a common prejudice that asymptotic safety is either incompatible with, or at best unrelated to, the other topics in the title. This is not the case. In fact, we show that 1) the existence of a fixed point with suitable properties is a promising way of deriving emergent properties of gravity, and 2) there is a precise sense in which asymptotic safety implies a minimal length. In so doing we also discuss possible signatures of asymptotic safety in scattering experiments.
Avoidance of singularities in asymptotically safe Quantum Einstein Gravity
Kofinas, Georgios
2015-01-01
New general spherically symmetric solutions have been derived with a cosmological "constant" \\Lambda as a source. This \\Lambda field is not constant but it satisfies the properties of the asymptotically safe gravity at the ultraviolet fixed point. The importance of these solutions comes from the fact that they describe the near to the centre region of black hole spacetimes as this is modified by the Renormalization Group scaling behaviour of the fields. The consistent set of field equations which respect the Bianchi identities is derived and solved. One of the solutions (with conventional sign of temporal-radial metric components) is timelike geodesically complete, and although there is still a curvature divergent origin, this is never approachable by an infalling massive particle which is reflected at a finite distance due to the repulsive origin. Another family of solutions (of both signatures) range from a finite radius outwards, they cannot be extended to the centre of spherical symmetry, and the curvatur...
Asymptotically AdS spacetimes with a timelike Kasner singularity
Ren, Jie
2016-07-01
Exact solutions to Einstein's equations for holographic models are presented and studied. The IR geometry has a timelike cousin of the Kasner singularity, which is the less generic case of the BKL (Belinski-Khalatnikov-Lifshitz) singularity, and the UV is asymptotically AdS. This solution describes a holographic RG flow between them. The solution's appearance is an interpolation between the planar AdS black hole and the AdS soliton. The causality constraint is always satisfied. The entanglement entropy and Wilson loops are discussed. The boundary condition for the current-current correlation function and the Laplacian in the IR is examined. There is no infalling wave in the IR, but instead, there is a normalizable solution in the IR. In a special case, a hyperscaling-violating geometry is obtained after a dimensional reduction.
Global dynamics and asymptotics for monomial scalar field potentials and perfect fluids
Alho, Artur; Uggla, Claes
2015-01-01
We consider a minimally coupled scalar field with a monomial potential and a perfect fluid in flat FLRW cosmology. We apply local and global dynamical systems techniques to a new three-dimensional dynamical systems reformulation of the field equations on a compact state space. This leads to a visual global description of the solution space and asymptotic behavior. At late times we employ averaging techniques to prove statements about how the relationship between the equation of state of the fluid and the monomial exponent of the scalar field affects asymptotic source dominance and asymptotic manifest self-similarity breaking. We also situate the `attractor' solution in the three-dimensional state space and show that it corresponds to the one-dimensional unstable center manifold of a de Sitter fixed point, located on an unphysical boundary associated with the dynamics at early times. By deriving a center manifold expansion we obtain approximate expressions for the attractor solution. We subsequently improve th...
Nonsymmetric gravity does have acceptable global asymptotics
Cornish, N J
1994-01-01
"Reports of my death are greatly exaggerated" - Mark Twain. We consider the claim by Damour, Deser and McCarthy that nonsymmetric gravity theory has unacceptable global asymptotics. We explain why this claim is incorrect.
Asymptotic Likelihood Distribution for Correlated & Constrained Systems
Agarwal, Ujjwal
2016-01-01
It describes my work as summer student at CERN. The report discusses the asymptotic distribution of the likelihood ratio for total no. of parameters being h and 2 out of these being are constrained and correlated.
EMC effect: asymptotic freedom with nuclear targets
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
General features of the EMC effect are discussed within the framework of quantum chromodynamics as expressed via the operator product expansion and asymptotic freedom. These techniques are reviewed with emphasis on the target dependence. 22 references
Precise Asymptotics for Lévy Processes
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Zhi Shui HU; Chun SU
2007-01-01
Let {X(t), t ≥ 0} be a Lévy process with EX(1)=0 and EX2(1)＜∞. In this paper, we shall give two precise asymptotic theorems for {X(t), t≥0}. By the way, we prove the corresponding conclusions for strictly stable processes and a general precise asymptotic proposition for sums of i.i.d.random variables.
The trouble with asymptotically safe inflation
Fang, Chao
2013-01-01
In this paper we investigate the perturbation theory of the asymptotically safe inflation and we find that all modes of gravitational waves perturbation become ghosts in order to achieve a large enough number of e-folds. Formally we can calculate the power spectrum of gravitational waves perturbation, but we find that it is negative. It indicates that there is serious trouble with the asymptotically safe inflation.
Asymptotic representation theorems for poverty indices
Lo, Gane Samb; Sall, Serigne Touba
2010-01-01
We set general conditions under which the general poverty index, which summarizes all the available indices, is asymptotically represented with some empirical processes. This representation theorem offers a general key, in most directions, for the asymptotics of the bulk of poverty indices and issues in poverty analysis. Our representation results uniformly hold on a large collection of poverty indices. They enable the continuous measure of poverty with longitudinal data.
Dirichlet eigenvalues of asymptotically flat triangles
Ourmières-Bonafos, Thomas
2015-01-01
This paper is devoted to the study of the eigenpairs of the Dirichlet Laplacian on a family of triangles where two vertices are fixed and the altitude associated with the third vertex goes to zero. We investigate the dependence of the eigenvalues on this altitude. For the first eigenvalues and eigenfunctions, we obtain an asymptotic expansion at any order at the scale cube root of this altitude due to the influence of the Airy operator. Asymptotic expansions of the eigenpairs are provided, ex...
Loop Quantum Gravity and Asymptotically Flat Spaces
Arnsdorf, Matthias
2000-01-01
After motivating why the study of asymptotically flat spaces is important in loop quantum gravity, we review the extension of the standard framework of this theory to the asymptotically flat sector based on the GNS construction. In particular, we provide a general procedure for constructing new Hilbert spaces for loop quantum gravity on non-compact spatial manifolds. States in these Hilbert spaces can be interpreted as describing fluctuations around fiducial fixed backgrounds. When the backgr...
AGB [asymptotic giant branch]: Star evolution
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Asymptotic giant branch stars are red supergiant stars of low-to-intermediate mass. This class of stars is of particular interest because many of these stars can have nuclear processed material brought up repeatedly from the deep interior to the surface where it can be observed. A review of recent theoretical and observational work on stars undergoing the asymptotic giant branch phase is presented. 41 refs
Asymptotic and Exact Expansions of Heat Traces
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Eckstein, Michał, E-mail: michal@eckstein.pl [Jagiellonian University, Faculty of Physics, Astronomy and Applied Computer Science (Poland); Zając, Artur, E-mail: artur.zajac@uj.edu.pl [Jagiellonian University, Faculty of Mathematics and Computer Science (Poland)
2015-12-15
We study heat traces associated with positive unbounded operators with compact inverses. With the help of the inverse Mellin transform we derive necessary conditions for the existence of a short time asymptotic expansion. The conditions are formulated in terms of the meromorphic extension of the associated spectral zeta-functions and proven to be verified for a large class of operators. We also address the problem of convergence of the obtained asymptotic expansions. General results are illustrated with a number of explicit examples.
General smile asymptotics with bounded maturity
Francesco Caravenna; Jacopo Corbetta
2014-01-01
We provide explicit conditions on the distribution of risk-neutral log-returns which yield sharp asymptotic estimates on the implied volatility smile. We allow for a variety of asymptotic regimes, including both small maturity (with arbitrary strike) and extreme strike (with arbitrary bounded maturity), extending previous work of Benaim and Friz [Math. Finance 19 (2009), 1-12]. We present applications to popular models, including Carr-Wu finite moment logstable model, Merton's jump diffusion ...
Viscous flow in simple curved gaps. I - An asymptotic theory. II - Viscous stress and shape function
Fan, D.-N.; Tong, W.
1989-01-01
The present asymptotic theory for generalized incompressible two-dimensional steady flow in curved channels has been constructed in the limit when gas thickness approaches zero with its lateral dimensions fixed; successive asymptotic solution terms are analytically generated by quadratures. In the second part of this work, the curvature of the gap treated is arbitrary. It is established that each term in the series solution of velocity and pressure is the product of a scale factor and a universal shape functions. Various interaction modes between the volume rate-of-flow, curvature, and its variations, are identified and quantitatively characterized.
Time-harmonic Maxwell equations with asymptotically linear polarization
Qin, Dongdong; Tang, Xianhua
2016-06-01
This paper is concerned with the following time-harmonic semilinear Maxwell equation: nabla× (nabla× u)+λ u=f(x,u), &in Ω ν × u=0, &on partialΩ, where {Ωsubset {R}3} is a bounded, convex domain and {ν : partial Ωto {R}3} is the exterior normal. Motivated by recent work of Bartsch and Mederski and based on some observations and new techniques, we study above equation by developing the generalized Nehari manifold method. Particularly, existence of ground-state solutions of Nehari-Pankov type for the equation is established with asymptotically linear nonlinearity.
Canonical charges and asymptotic symmetry algebra of conformal gravity
Irakleidou, Maria; Preis, Florian
2014-01-01
We study canonical conformal gravity in four dimensions and construct the gauge generators and the associated charges. Using slightly generalized boundary conditions compared to those in \\cite{Grumiller:2013mxa} we find that the charges associated with space-time diffeomorphisms are finite and conserved in time. They are also shown to agree with the Noether charges found in \\cite{Grumiller:2013mxa}. However, there exists no charge associated with Weyl transformations. Consequently the asymptotic symmetry algebra is isomorphic to the Lie algebra of the boundary condition preserving diffeomorphisms. For illustrative purposes we apply the results to the Mannheim--Kazanas--Riegert solution of conformal gravity.
Black hole remnant in asymptotic anti-de Sitter space
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Wen, Wen-Yu [Chung Yuan Christian University, Department of Physics, Center for High Energy Physics, Chung Li City (China); National Taiwan University, Leung Center for Cosmology and Particle Astrophysics, Taipei (China); Wu, Shang-Yu [National Chiao Tung University, Department of Electrophysics, Hsinchu (China)
2015-12-15
The solution of a remnant was suggested for the black hole ground state after surface gravity is corrected for the loop quantum effect. On the other hand, a Schwarzschild black hole in asymptotic anti-de Sitter space would tunnel into the thermal soliton solution known as the Hawking-Page phase transition. In this letter, we investigate the low temperature phase of a three-dimensional Banados-Teitelboim-Zanelli (BTZ) black hole and four-dimensional AdS Schwarzschild black hole. We find that the thermal soliton is energetically favored rather than the remnant solution at low temperature in three dimensions, while a Planck-size remnant is still possible in four dimensions. Though the BTZ remnant seems energetically disfavored, we argue that it is still possible to find in the overcooled phase if strings were present, and its implication is discussed. (orig.)
Pólya distribution and its asymptotics in nucleation theory
Dubrovskii, V. G.
2014-02-01
A model of condensation-decay rate constants that are linear with respect to the number of monomers in the nucleus is considered. In a particular case of stable growth, this model leads to an exact solution of discrete kinetic equations of the theory of heterogeneous nucleation in the form of the Pólya distribution function. An asymptotic solution in the region of large nucleus sizes that satisfies the normalization condition and provides correct mean nucleus size has been found. It is shown that, in terms of the logarithmic invariant size, the obtained distribution has a universal time-independent form. The obtained solution, being more general than the double-exponent distribution used previously, describes both Gaussian and asymmetric distributions depending on the rate constant of condensation on a bare core. The obtained results are useful for modeling processes in some systems, in particular, the growth of linear chains, two-dimensional clusters, and filamentary nanocrystals.
Black hole remnant in asymptotic anti-de Sitter space
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The solution of a remnant was suggested for the black hole ground state after surface gravity is corrected for the loop quantum effect. On the other hand, a Schwarzschild black hole in asymptotic anti-de Sitter space would tunnel into the thermal soliton solution known as the Hawking–Page phase transition. In this letter, we investigate the low temperature phase of a three-dimensional Banados–Teitelboim–Zanelli (BTZ) black hole and four-dimensional AdS Schwarzschild black hole. We find that the thermal soliton is energetically favored rather than the remnant solution at low temperature in three dimensions, while a Planck-size remnant is still possible in four dimensions. Though the BTZ remnant seems energetically disfavored, we argue that it is still possible to find in the overcooled phase if strings were present, and its implication is discussed
Black hole remnant in asymptotic anti-de Sitter space
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Wen, Wen-Yu, E-mail: steve.wen@gmail.com [Department of Physics, Center for High Energy Physics, Chung Yuan Christian University, Chung Li City, Taiwan (China); Leung Center for Cosmology and Particle Astrophysics, National Taiwan University, 106, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Wu, Shang-Yu, E-mail: loganwu@gmail.com [Department of Electrophysics, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu, Taiwan (China)
2015-12-21
The solution of a remnant was suggested for the black hole ground state after surface gravity is corrected for the loop quantum effect. On the other hand, a Schwarzschild black hole in asymptotic anti-de Sitter space would tunnel into the thermal soliton solution known as the Hawking–Page phase transition. In this letter, we investigate the low temperature phase of a three-dimensional Banados–Teitelboim–Zanelli (BTZ) black hole and four-dimensional AdS Schwarzschild black hole. We find that the thermal soliton is energetically favored rather than the remnant solution at low temperature in three dimensions, while a Planck-size remnant is still possible in four dimensions. Though the BTZ remnant seems energetically disfavored, we argue that it is still possible to find in the overcooled phase if strings were present, and its implication is discussed.
Guesmia, Senoussi
2008-05-01
We study here the asymptotic behavior of the solution of a hyperbolic problem defined on a cylindrical domain when l-->[infinity]. We show that, under very general assumptions, the solution of this problem converges faster than any power of towards the solution of another hyperbolic problem, defined on [0,T]×[omega], in any bounded subdomain. We give both necessary and sufficient conditions for this convergence to occur.
Multiscale Asymptotic Analysis and Parallel Algorithm of Parabolic Equation in Composite Materials
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Xin Wang
2014-01-01
Full Text Available An efficient parallel multiscale numerical algorithm is proposed for a parabolic equation with rapidly oscillating coefficients representing heat conduction in composite material with periodic configuration. Instead of following the classical multiscale asymptotic expansion method, the Fourier transform in time is first applied to obtain a set of complex-valued elliptic problems in frequency domain. The multiscale asymptotic analysis is presented and multiscale asymptotic solutions are obtained in frequency domain which can be solved in parallel essentially without data communications. The inverse Fourier transform will then recover the approximate solution in time domain. Convergence result is established. Finally, a novel parallel multiscale FEM algorithm is proposed and some numerical examples are reported.
ASYMPTOTIC SOLUTION TO MODEL FOR A CLASS OF VIRUS TRANSMISSION
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2010-01-01
In this paper, a class of HIV virus transmission is considered. The transmissive dynamic model for the HIV virus is described. Using the functional-variational iteration theory, the rule for human group in the epidemic transmissive area is studied.
Analytic Asymptotic Solution to Spherical Relativistic Shock Breakout
Yalinewich, Almog
2016-01-01
We investigate the relativistic breakout of a shock wave from the surface of a star. In this process, each fluid shell is endowed with some kinetic and thermal energy by the shock, and then continues to accelerate adiabatically by converting thermal energy into kinetic energy. This problem has been previously studied for a mildly relativistic breakout, where the acceleration ends close to the surface of the star. The current work focuses on the case where the acceleration ends at distances much greater than the radius of the star. We derive an analytic description for the hydrodynamic evolution of the ejecta in this regime, and validate it using a numerical simulation. We also provide predictions for the expected light curves and spectra from such an explosion. The relevance to astrophysical explosions is discussed, and it is shown that such events require more energy than is currently believed to result from astrophysical explosions.
Asymptotic Behavior of Solutions for Nonlinear Volterra Discrete Equations
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
E. Messina
2008-01-01
Full Text Available We consider nonlinear difference equations of unbounded order of the form xi=bi−∑j=0iai,jfi−j(xj, i=0,1,2,…, where fj(x (j=0,…,i are suitable functions. We establish sufficient conditions for the boundedness and the convergence of xi as i→+∞. Some of these conditions are interesting mainly for studying stability of numerical methods for Volterra integral equations.
Solutions to the reconstruction problem in asymptotic safety
Morris, Tim R
2015-01-01
Starting from a full renormalised trajectory for the effective average action (a.k.a. infrared cutoff Legendre effective action) $\\Gamma_k$, we explicitly reconstruct corresponding bare actions, formulated in one of two ways. The first step is to construct the corresponding Wilsonian effective action $S^k$ through a tree-level expansion in terms of the vertices provided by $\\Gamma_k$. It forms a perfect bare action giving the same renormalised trajectory. A bare action with some ultraviolet cutoff scale $\\Lambda$ and infrared cutoff $k$ necessarily produces an effective average action $\\Gamma^\\Lambda_k$ that depends on both cutoffs, but if the already computed $S^\\Lambda$ is used, we show how $\\Gamma^\\Lambda_k$ can also be computed from $\\Gamma_k$ by a tree-level expansion, and that $\\Gamma^\\Lambda_k\\to\\Gamma_k$ as $\\Lambda\\to\\infty$. Along the way we show that Legendre effective actions with different UV cutoff profiles, but which correspond to the same Wilsonian effective action, are related through tree-le...
Asymptotic Theory of Cepstral Random Fields
McElroy, Tucker S
2011-01-01
Random fields play a central role in the analysis of spatially correlated data and, as a result, have a significant impact on a broad array of scientific applications. Given the importance of this topic, there has been substantial research devoted to this area. However, in spite of the tremendous research to date, outside the engineering literature, the cepstral random field model remains largely underdeveloped. We provide a comprehensive treatment of the asymptotic theory for cepstral random field models. In particular, we provide recursive formulas that connect the spatial cepstral coefficients to an equivalent moving-average random field, which facilitates easy computation of the necessary autocovariance matrix. Additionally, we establish asymptotic consistency results for Bayesian, maximum likelihood, and quasi-maximum likelihood estimation. Further, in both the maximum and quasi-maximum likelihood frameworks we derive the asymptotic distribution of our estimator. The theoretical results are presented gen...
Relations between asymptotic and Fredholm representations
Manuilov, V M
1997-01-01
We prove that for matrix algebras $M_n$ there exists a monomorphism $(\\prod_n M_n/\\oplus_n M_n)\\otimes C(S^1) \\to {\\cal Q} $ into the Calkin algebra which induces an isomorphism of the $K_1$-groups. As a consequence we show that every vector bundle over a classifying space $B\\pi$ which can be obtained from an asymptotic representation of a discrete group $\\pi$ can be obtained also from a representation of the group $\\pi\\times Z$ into the Calkin algebra. We give also a generalization of the notion of Fredholm representation and show that asymptotic representations can be viewed as asymptotic Fredholm representations.
The optimal homotopy asymptotic method engineering applications
Marinca, Vasile
2015-01-01
This book emphasizes in detail the applicability of the Optimal Homotopy Asymptotic Method to various engineering problems. It is a continuation of the book “Nonlinear Dynamical Systems in Engineering: Some Approximate Approaches”, published at Springer in 2011, and it contains a great amount of practical models from various fields of engineering such as classical and fluid mechanics, thermodynamics, nonlinear oscillations, electrical machines, and so on. The main structure of the book consists of 5 chapters. The first chapter is introductory while the second chapter is devoted to a short history of the development of homotopy methods, including the basic ideas of the Optimal Homotopy Asymptotic Method. The last three chapters, from Chapter 3 to Chapter 5, are introducing three distinct alternatives of the Optimal Homotopy Asymptotic Method with illustrative applications to nonlinear dynamical systems. The third chapter deals with the first alternative of our approach with two iterations. Five application...
Functional truncations in asymptotic safety for quantum gravity
Dietz, Juergen
2016-01-01
Finite dimensional truncations and the single field approximation have thus far played dominant roles in investigations of asymptotic safety for quantum gravity. This thesis is devoted to exploring asymptotic safety in infinite dimensional, or functional, truncations of the effective action as well as the effects that can be caused by the single field approximation in this context. It begins with a comprehensive analysis of the three existing flow equations of the single field f(R) truncation by determining their spaces of global fixed point solutions and, where applicable, of corresponding eigenoperator solutions. As a second result, it is then shown that one incarnation of the single field f(R) approximation actually breaks down in the sense that there is no physical content left to explore. In order to clarify whether such drastic findings can be caused by the approximations used in setting up the renormalisation group flow, we identify the single field approximation as a prime candidate and show in the mo...
Dujardin, G. M.
2009-08-12
This paper deals with the asymptotic behaviour of the solutions of linear initial boundary value problems with constant coefficients on the half-line and on finite intervals. We assume that the boundary data are periodic in time and we investigate whether the solution becomes time-periodic after sufficiently long time. Using Fokas\\' transformation method, we show that, for the linear Schrödinger equation, the linear heat equation and the linearized KdV equation on the half-line, the solutions indeed become periodic for large time. However, for the same linear Schrödinger equation on a finite interval, we show that the solution, in general, is not asymptotically periodic; actually, the asymptotic behaviour of the solution depends on the commensurability of the time period T of the boundary data with the square of the length of the interval over. © 2009 The Royal Society.
Asymptotic Regime in N Random Interacting Species
Fiasconaro, A; Valenti, D
2005-01-01
The asymptotic regime of a complex ecosystem with N random interacting species and in the presence of an external multiplicative noise is analyzed. We find the role of the external noise on the long time probability distribution of the i_th density species, the extinction of species and the local field acting on the i_th population. We analyze in detail the transient dynamics of this field and the cavity field, which is the field acting on the i_th species when this is absent. We find that the presence or the absence of some population give different asymptotic distributions of these fields.
S, Vijay Prakash; Sonti, Venkata R.
2016-07-01
Structural-acoustic waveguides of two different geometries are considered: a 2-D rectangular and a circular cylindrical geometry. The objective is to obtain asymptotic expansions of the fluid-structure coupled wavenumbers. The required asymptotic parameters are derived in a systematic way, in contrast to the usual intuitive methods used in such problems. The systematic way involves analyzing the phase change of a wave incident on a single boundary of the waveguide. Then, the coupled wavenumber expansions are derived using these asymptotic parameters. The phase change is also used to qualitatively demarcate the dispersion diagram as dominantly structure-originated, fluid-originated or fully coupled. In contrast to intuitively obtained asymptotic parameters, this approach does not involve any restriction on the material and geometry of the structure. The derived closed-form solutions are compared with the numerical solutions and a good match is obtained.
Asymptotic Analysis in a Gas-Solid Combustion Model with Pattern Formation
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Claude-Michel BRAUNER; Lina HU; Luca LORENZI
2013-01-01
The authors consider a free interface problem which stems from a gas-solid model in combustion with pattern formation.A third-order,fully nonlinear,self-consistent equation for the flame front is derived.Asymptotic methods reveal that the interface approaches a solution to the Kuramoto-Sivashinsky equation.Numerical results which illustrate the dynamics are presented.
Small time asymptotics of Ornstein-Uhlenbeck densities in Hilbert spaces
Jegaraj, Terence
2009-01-01
We show that Varadhan's small time asymptotics for densities of the solution of a stochastic differential equation in $\\mathbb{R}^n$ carries over to a Hilbert space-valued Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process whose transition semigroup is strongly Feller and symmetric. In the Hilbert space setting, densities are with respect to a Gaussian invariant measure.
Asymptotic freedom in the early big-bang and the isotropy of the cosmic microwave background
Stecker, F. W.
1979-01-01
The isotropy of the universal 3K background radiation is discussed and a superunified field theory incorporating gravity and possessing asymptotic freedom is suggested to provide a solution to the problem. Thermal equilibrium is established in this context through interactions occurring in a temporally indefinite preplanckian era.
Asymptotic freedom in the early big bang and the isotropy of the cosmic microwave background
Stecker, F. W.
1980-01-01
It is suggested that a superunified field theory incorporating gravity and possessing asymptotic freedom could provide a solution to the problem of the isotropy of the universal 3 K background radiation. Thermal equilibrium could be established in this context through interactions occurring in a temporally indefinite pre-Planckian era.
The General Iterative Methods for Asymptotically Nonexpansive Semigroups in Banach Spaces
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Rabian Wangkeeree
2012-01-01
Full Text Available We introduce the general iterative methods for finding a common fixed point of asymptotically nonexpansive semigroups which is a unique solution of some variational inequalities. We prove the strong convergence theorems of such iterative scheme in a reflexive Banach space which admits a weakly continuous duality mapping. The main result extends various results existing in the current literature.
Asymptotic Behavior of a Competition-Diffusion System with Variable Coefficients and Time Delays
Miguel Uh Zapata; Eric Avila Vales; Angel G. Estrella
2008-01-01
A class of time-delay reaction-diffusion systems with variable coefficients which arise from the model of two competing ecological species is discussed. An asymptotic global attractor is established in terms of the variable coefficients, independent of the time delays and the effect of diffusion by the upper-lower solutions and iteration method.
Luo, Tao
1997-01-01
This paper concerns the large time behavior toward planar rarefaction waves of solutions for the relaxation approximation of conservation laws in several dimensions. It is shown that a planar rarefaction wave is nonlinear stable in the sense that it is an asymptotic attractor for the relaxation approximation of conservation laws.
An Extension of the Optimal Homotopy Asymptotic Method to Coupled Schrödinger-KdV Equation
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Hakeem Ullah
2014-01-01
Full Text Available We consider the approximate solution of the coupled Schrödinger-KdV equation by using the extended optimal homotopy asymptotic method (OHAM. We obtained the extended OHAM solution of the problem and compared with the exact, variational iteration method (VIM and homotopy perturbation method (HPM solutions. The obtained solution shows that extended OHAM is effective, simpler, easier, and explicit and gives a suitable way to control the convergence of the approximate solution.
Spinning, Precessing, Black Hole Binary Spacetime via Asymptotic Matching
Nakano, Hiroyuki; Campanelli, Manuela; West, Eric J
2016-01-01
We briefly discuss a method to construct a global, analytic, approximate spacetime for precessing, spinning binary black holes. The spacetime construction is broken into three parts: the inner zones are the spacetimes close to each black hole, and are approximated by perturbed Kerr solutions; the near zone is far from the two black holes, and described by the post-Newtonian metric; and finally the wave (far) zone, where retardation effects need to be taken into account, is well modeled by the post-Minkowskian metric. These individual spacetimes are then stitched together using asymptotic matching techniques to obtain a global solution that approximately satisfies the Einstein field equations. Precession effects are introduced by rotating the black hole spin direction according to the precessing equations of motion, in a way that is consistent with the global spacetime construction.
On the asymptotic stability in the energy space for multi-solitons of the Landau-Lifshitz equation
Bahri, Yakine
2016-01-01
We establish the asymptotic stability of multi-solitons for the one-dimensional Landau-Lifshitz equation with an easy-plane anisotropy. The solitons have non-zero speed, are ordered according to their speeds and have sufficiently separated initial positions. We provide the asymptotic stability around solitons and between solitons. More precisely, we show that for an initial datum close to a sum of $N$ dark solitons, the corresponding solution converges weakly to one of the solitons in the sum...
Asymptotic estimates for generalized Stirling numbers
Chelluri, R.; Richmond, L.B.; Temme, Nico
2000-01-01
Uniform asymptotic expansions are given for the Stirling numbers of the first kind for integral arguments and for the second kind as defined for real arguments by Flajolet and Prodinger. The logconcavity of the resulting real valued function of Flajolet and Prodinger is established for a range including the classical integral domain.
Lectures on renormalization and asymptotic safety
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
A short introduction is given on the functional renormalization group method, putting emphasis on its nonperturbative aspects. The method enables to find nontrivial fixed points in quantum field theoretic models which make them free from divergences and leads to the concept of asymptotic safety. It can be considered as a generalization of the asymptotic freedom which plays a key role in the perturbative renormalization. We summarize and give a short discussion of some important models, which are asymptotically safe such as the Gross–Neveu model, the nonlinear σ model, the sine–Gordon model, and we consider the model of quantum Einstein gravity which seems to show asymptotic safety, too. We also give a detailed analysis of infrared behavior of such scalar models where a spontaneous symmetry breaking takes place. The deep infrared behavior of the broken phase cannot be treated within the framework of perturbative calculations. We demonstrate that there exists an infrared fixed point in the broken phase which creates a new scaling regime there, however its structure is hidden by the singularity of the renormalization group equations. The theory spaces of these models show several similar properties, namely the models have the same phase and fixed point structure. The quantum Einstein gravity also exhibits similarities when considering the global aspects of its theory space since the appearing two phases there show analogies with the symmetric and the broken phases of the scalar models. These results be nicely uncovered by the functional renormalization group method
Large degree asymptotics of generalized Bessel polynomials
López, J.L.; Temme, N.M.
2011-01-01
Asymptotic expansions are given for large values of $n$ of the generalized Bessel polynomials $Y_n^\\mu(z)$. The analysis is based on integrals that follow from the generating functions of the polynomials. A new simple expansion is given that is valid outside a compact neighborhood of the origin in t
Asymptotic estimates for generalized Stirling numbers
Chelluri, R.; Richmond, L.B.; Temme, N.M.
1999-01-01
Uniform asymptotic expansions are given for the Stirling numbers of the first kind for integral arguments and for the second kind as defined for real arguments by Flajolet and Prodinger. The logconcavity of the resulting real valued function of Flajolet and Prodinger is established for a range inclu
On the Asymptotic Accuracy of Efron's Bootstrap
Singh, Kesar
1981-01-01
In the non-lattice case it is shown that the bootstrap approximation of the distribution of the standardized sample mean is asymptotically more accurate than approximation by the limiting normal distribution. The exact convergence rate of the bootstrap approximation of the distributions of sample quantiles is obtained. A few other convergence rates regarding the bootstrap method are also studied.
Heavy axion in asymptotically safe QCD
Kobakhidze, Archil
2016-01-01
Assuming QCD exhibits an interacting fixed-point behaviour in the ultraviolet regime, I argue that the axion can be substantially heavier than in the conventional case of asymptotically free QCD due to the enhanced contribution of small size instantons to its mass.
Asymptotic theory of relativistic, magnetized jets.
Lyubarsky, Yuri
2011-01-01
The structure of a relativistically hot, strongly magnetized jet is investigated at large distances from the source. Asymptotic equations are derived describing collimation and acceleration of the externally confined jet. Conditions are found for the transformation of the thermal energy into the fluid kinetic energy or into the Poynting flux. Simple scalings are presented for the jet collimation angle and Lorentz factors. PMID:21405769
Asymptotic analysis of the Forward Search
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Johansen, Søren; Nielsen, Bent
The Forward Search is an iterative algorithm concerned with detection of outliers and other unsuspected structures in data. This approach has been suggested, analysed and applied for regression models in the monograph Atkinson and Riani (2000). An asymptotic analysis of the Forward Search is made...
THE COMPLETE ASYMPTOTIC EXPANSION FOR BASKAKOV OPERATORS
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Chungou Zhang; Quane Wang
2007-01-01
In this paper, we derive the complete asymptotic expansion of classical Baskakov itly in terms of Stirling number of the first and second kind and another number G(I, p). As a corollary, we also get the Voronovskaja-type result for the operators.
Exponential asymptotics of the Voigt functions
Paris, R. B.
2015-06-01
We obtain the asymptotic expansion of the Voigt functionss K( x, y) and L( x, y) for large (real) values of the variables x and y, paying particular attention to the exponentially small contributions. A Stokes phenomenon is encountered as with x > 0 fixed. Numerical examples are presented to demonstrate the accuracy of these new expansions.
Infrared studies of asymptotic giant branch stars
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
In this thesis studies are presented of asymptotic giant branch stars, which are thought to be an important link in the evolution of the galaxy. The studies were performed on the basis of data collected by the IRAS, the infrared astronomical satelite. 233 refs.; 33 figs.; 16 tabs
On the Asymptotic Distribution of Signal Fraction
Volobouev, Igor
2016-01-01
Condition of the asymptotic normality of the signal fraction estimate by maximum likelihood is derived under the null hypothesis of no signal. Consequences of this condition for determination of signal significance taking in to account the look elsewhere effect are discussed.
Asymptotic theory of integrated conditional moment tests
Bierens, H.J.; Ploberger, W.
1995-01-01
In this paper we derive the asymptotic distribution of the test statistic of a generalized version of the integrated conditional moment (ICM) test of Bierens (1982, 1984), under a class of Vn-local alternatives, where n is the sample size. The generalized version involved includes neural network tes
An asymptotically optimal nonparametric adaptive controller
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
郭雷; 谢亮亮
2000-01-01
For discrete-time nonlinear stochastic systems with unknown nonparametric structure, a kernel estimation-based nonparametric adaptive controller is constructed based on truncated certainty equivalence principle. Global stability and asymptotic optimality of the closed-loop systems are established without resorting to any external excitations.
Zero bias transformation and asymptotic expansions
Jiao, Ying
2012-01-01
Let W be a sum of independent random variables. We apply the zero bias transformation to deduce recursive asymptotic expansions for $\\mathbb {E}[h(W)]$ in terms of normal expectations, or of Poisson expectations for integer-valued random variables. We also discuss the estimates of remaining errors.
Asymptotics of QCD traveling waves with fluctuations and running coupling effects
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Beuf, Guillaume [Institut de Physique Theorique, CEA, IPhT, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, CNRS, URA 2306 (France)], E-mail: guillaume.beuf@cea.fr
2008-09-15
Extending the Balitsky-Kovchegov (BK) equation independently to running coupling or to fluctuation effects due to pomeron loops is known to lead in both cases to qualitative changes of the traveling-wave asymptotic solutions. In this paper we study the extension of the forward BK equation, including both running coupling and fluctuations effects, extending the method developed for the fixed coupling case [E. Brunet, B. Derrida, A.H. Mueller, S. Munier, Phys. Rev. E 73 (2006) 056126, (cond-mat/0512021)]. We derive the exact asymptotic behavior in rapidity of the probabilistic distribution of the saturation scale.
The Second Painlev\\'e Equation in the Large-Parameter Limit I: Local Asymptotic Analysis
Joshi, Nalini
1997-01-01
In this paper, we find all possible asymptotic behaviours of the solutions of the second Painlev\\'e equation $y''=2y^3+xy +\\alpha$ as the parameter $\\alpha\\to\\infty$ in the local region $x\\ll\\alpha^{2/3}$. We prove that these are asymptotic behaviours by finding explicit error bounds. Moreover, we show that they are connected and complete in the sense that they correspond to all possible values of initial data given at a point in the local region.
Duality-based Asymptotic-Preserving method for highly anisotropic diffusion equations
Degond, Pierre; Lozinski, Alexei; Narski, Jacek; Negulescu, Claudia
2010-01-01
The present paper introduces an efficient and accurate numerical scheme for the solution of a highly anisotropic elliptic equation, the anisotropy direction being given by a variable vector field. This scheme is based on an asymptotic preserving reformulation of the original system, permitting an accurate resolution independently of the anisotropy strength and without the need of a mesh adapted to this anisotropy. The counterpart of this original procedure is the larger system size, enlarged by adding auxiliary variables and Lagrange multipliers. This Asymptotic-Preserving method generalizes the method investigated in a previous paper [arXiv:0903.4984v2] to the case of an arbitrary anisotropy direction field.
Laminar flow and convective transport processes scaling principles and asymptotic analysis
Brenner, Howard
1992-01-01
Laminar Flow and Convective Transport Processes: Scaling Principles and Asymptotic Analysis presents analytic methods for the solution of fluid mechanics and convective transport processes, all in the laminar flow regime. This book brings together the results of almost 30 years of research on the use of nondimensionalization, scaling principles, and asymptotic analysis into a comprehensive form suitable for presentation in a core graduate-level course on fluid mechanics and the convective transport of heat. A considerable amount of material on viscous-dominated flows is covered.A unique feat
Higher Spin Black Holes in Three Dimensions: Comments on Asymptotics and Regularity
Banados, M; Theisen, S
2016-01-01
In the context of (2+1)--dimensional SL(N,R)\\times SL(N,R) Chern-Simons theory we explore issues related to regularity and asymptotics on the solid torus, for stationary and circularly symmetric solutions. We display and solve all necessary conditions to ensure a regular metric and metric-like higher spin fields. We prove that holonomy conditions are necessary but not sufficient conditions to ensure regularity, and that Hawking conditions do not necessarily follow from them. Finally we give a general proof that once the chemical potentials are turn on -- as demanded by regularity -- the asymptotics cannot be that of Brown-Henneaux.
Higher spin black holes in three dimensions: Remarks on asymptotics and regularity
Bañados, Máximo; Canto, Rodrigo; Theisen, Stefan
2016-07-01
In the context of (2 +1 )-dimensional S L (N ,R )×S L (N ,R ) Chern-Simons theory we explore issues related to regularity and asymptotics on the solid torus, for stationary and circularly symmetric solutions. We display and solve all necessary conditions to ensure a regular metric and metriclike higher spin fields. We prove that holonomy conditions are necessary but not sufficient conditions to ensure regularity, and that Hawking conditions do not necessarily follow from them. Finally we give a general proof that once the chemical potentials are turned on—as demanded by regularity—the asymptotics cannot be that of Brown-Henneaux.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Xu Rui(徐瑞); Chen Lansun(陈兰荪); M.A.J. Chaplain
2003-01-01
A delayed n-species nonautonomous Lotka-Volterra type competitive systemwithout dominating instantaneous negative feedback is investigated. By means of a suitableLyapunov functional, sufficient conditions are derived for the global asymptotic stability ofthe positive solutions of the system. As a corollary, it is shown that the global asymptoticstability of the positive solution is maintained provided that the delayed negative feedbacksdominate other interspecific interaction effects with delays and the delays are sufficientlysmall.
Asymptotic stability of rarefaction waves for 2 ∗ 2 viscous hyperbolic conservation laws
Xin, Zhouping
This paper concerns the asymptotic behavior toward rarefaction waves of the solution of a general 2 × 2 hyperbolic conservation laws with positive viscosity. We prove that if the initial data is close to a constant state and its values at ±∞ lie on the kth rarefaction curve for the corresponding hyperbolic conservation laws, then the solution tends as t → ∞ to the rarefaction wave determined by these states.
Gerbi, Stéphane
2011-12-01
In this paper we consider a multi-dimensional wave equation with dynamic boundary conditions, related to the KelvinVoigt damping. Global existence and asymptotic stability of solutions starting in a stable set are proved. Blow up for solutions of the problem with linear dynamic boundary conditions with initial data in the unstable set is also obtained. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Asymptotic stability of traveling waves for viscous conservation laws with dispersion
Pan, Jun; Warnecke, Gerald
2004-01-01
This work is concerned with the asymptotic stability of traveling waves for scalar viscous conservation laws with a convex flux function and a dispersion term. First we prove the existence of solutions locally in time of the initial-value problem for initial data near a constant solution by Fourier analysis. Using the semigroup method the local existence for initial data that are an $L^2$ perturbation of a traveling-wave profile is proved. We also obtain a regularity property o...
Buoyancy-aided convection flow in a heated straight pipe: comparing different asymptotic models
Arfaoui, Walid; Safi, Mohamed Jomaa; Lagrée, Pierre-Yves
2016-08-01
A vertical straight circular adiabatic vertical long tube, open at its lower and upper ends, is heated at its base on a short portion. The flow is studied with the hypothesis of no pressure drop between the entrance and the exit. Direct resolution of Navier Stokes equations is done by finite volumes. The numerical solutions are then compared to a one dimensional model and to two asymptotic models. The first asymptotic model is inspired from boundary layer approximations whereas the second one is more a linear perturbation of the Navier Stokes Boussinesq equations. For moderate values of the Grashof number, pressure, starting from zero decreases over the heated part to a minimum and increases on the adiabatic tube to zero. For larger values of Grashof, a local maximum in pressure appears, this pressure hump may even be positive. The four model agree, for moderate Grashof. When increasing the Grashof, only the two asymptotic models recover the behavior obtained from the numerical simulations.
Elliptic Equations in Weighted Besov Spaces on Asymptotically Flat Riemannian Manifolds
Brauer, Uwe
2012-01-01
This paper deals with the applications of weighted Besov spaces to elliptic equations on asymptotically flat Riemannian manifolds, and in particular to the solutions of Einstein's constraints equations. We establish existence theorems for the Hamiltonian an momentum constraints with constant mean curvature and with a background metric which satisfies very low regularity assumptions. These results extend the regularity results of Holst, Nagy and Tsogtgerel about the constraint equations on compact manifolds in the Besov space $B_{p,p}^s$, to asymptotically flat manifolds. We also consider the Brill--Cantor criterion in the weighted Besov spaces. Our results improve the regularity assumptions on asymptotically flat manifolds Choquet--Bruhat, Isenberg and Pollack, and Maxwell, as well as they enable us to construct the initial data for the Einstein--Euler system.
Induction motor IFOC based speed-controlled drive with asymptotic disturbance compensation
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Stojić Đorđe M.
2012-01-01
Full Text Available This paper presents the design of digitally controlled speed electrical drive, with the asymptotic compensation of external disturbances, implemented by using the IFOC (Indirect Field Oriented Control torque controlled induction motor. The asymptotic disturbance compensation is achieved by using the DOB (Disturbance Observer with the IMP (Internal Model Principle. When compared to the existing IMP-based DOB solutions, in this paper the robust stability and disturbance compensation are improved by implementing the minimal order DOB filter. Also, the IMP-based DOB design is improved by employing the asymptotic compensation of all elemental or more complex external disturbances. The dynamic model of the IFOC torque electrical drive is, also, included in the speed-controller and DOB section design. The simulation and experimental measurements presented in the paper illustrate the effectiveness and robustness of the proposed control scheme.
The renormalization method based on the Taylor expansion and applications for asymptotic analysis
Liu, Cheng-shi
2016-01-01
Based on the Taylor expansion, we propose a renormalization method for asymptotic analysis. The standard renormalization group (RG) method for asymptotic analysis can be derived out from this new method, and hence the mathematical essence of the RG method is also recovered. The biggest advantage of the proposed method is that the secular terms in perturbation series are automatically eliminated, but in usual perturbation theory, we need more efforts and tricks to eliminate these terms. At the same time, the mathematical foundation of the method is simple and the logic of the method is very clear, therefore, it is very easy in practice. As application, we obtain the uniform valid asymptotic solutions to some problems including vector field, boundary layer and boundary value problems of nonlinear wave equations. Moreover, we discuss the normal form theory and reduction equations of dynamical systems. Furthermore, by combining the topological deformation and the RG method, a modified method namely the homotopy r...
ASYMPTOTIC STABILITY OF RUNGE-KUTTA METHODS FOR THE PANTOGRAPH EQUATIONS
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Jing-jun Zhao; Wan-rong Cao; Ming-zhu Liu
2004-01-01
This paper considers the asymptotic stability analysis of both exact and numericalsolutions of the following neutral delay differential equation with pantograph delay.{x′(t)+Bx(t)+Cx′(qt)+Dx(qt)=0, t>0,x(0)=x0,where B, C, D ∈ Cd×d, q ∈ (0, 1), and B is regular. After transforming the above equation to non-automatic neutral equation with constant delay, we determine sufficient conditions for the asymptotic stability of the zero solution. Furthermore, we focus on the asymptotic stability behavior of Runge-Kutta method with variable stepsize. It is proved that a Lstable Runge-Kutta method can preserve the above-mentioned stability properties.
Barnich, Glenn; Troessaert, Cédric; Tempo, David; Troncoso, Ricardo
2016-04-01
The theory of massive gravity proposed by Bergshoeff, Hohm and Townsend is considered in the special case of the pure irreducibly fourth-order quadratic Lagrangian. It is shown that the asymptotically locally flat black holes of this theory can be consistently deformed to "black flowers" that are no longer spherically symmetric. Moreover, we construct radiating spacetimes settling down to these black flowers in the far future. The generic case can be shown to fit within a relaxed set of asymptotic conditions as compared to the ones of general relativity at null infinity, while the asymptotic symmetries remain the same. Conserved charges as surface integrals at null infinity are constructed following a covariant approach, and their algebra represents BMS3 , but without central extensions. For solutions possessing an event horizon, we derive the first law of thermodynamics from these surface integrals.
Nonlinear mechanics of thin-walled structures asymptotics, direct approach and numerical analysis
Vetyukov, Yury
2014-01-01
This book presents a hybrid approach to the mechanics of thin bodies. Classical theories of rods, plates and shells with constrained shear are based on asymptotic splitting of the equations and boundary conditions of three-dimensional elasticity. The asymptotic solutions become accurate as the thickness decreases, and the three-dimensional fields of stresses and displacements can be determined. The analysis includes practically important effects of electromechanical coupling and material inhomogeneity. The extension to the geometrically nonlinear range uses the direct approach based on the principle of virtual work. Vibrations and buckling of pre-stressed structures are studied with the help of linearized incremental formulations, and direct tensor calculus rounds out the list of analytical techniques used throughout the book. A novel theory of thin-walled rods of open profile is subsequently developed from the models of rods and shells, and traditionally applied equations are proven to be asymptotically exa...
Asymptotic expansion of the wavelet transform with error term
R. S. Pathak; Pathak, Ashish
2014-01-01
UsingWong's technique asymptotic expansion for the wavelet transform is derived and thereby asymptotic expansions for Morlet wavelet transform, Mexican Hat wavelet transform and Haar wavelet transform are obtained.
Ultraviolet asymptotics and singular dynamics of AdS perturbations
Craps, Ben; Vanhoof, Joris
2015-01-01
Important insights into the dynamics of spherically symmetric AdS-scalar field perturbations can be obtained by considering a simplified time-averaged theory accurately describing perturbations of amplitude epsilon on time-scales of order 1/epsilon^2. The coefficients of the time-averaged equations are complicated expressions in terms of the AdS scalar field mode functions, which are in turn related to the Jacobi polynomials. We analyze the behavior of these coefficients for high frequency modes. The resulting asymptotics can be useful for understanding the properties of the finite-time singularity in solutions of the time-averaged theory recently reported in the literature. We highlight, in particular, the gauge dependence of this asymptotics, with respect to the two most commonly used gauges. The harsher growth of the coefficients at large frequencies in higher-dimensional AdS suggests strengthening of turbulent instabilities in higher dimensions. In the course of our derivations, we arrive at recursive rel...
Nonperturbative tests for asymptotic freedom in the PT-symmetric (-φ4)3+1 theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
In the literature, the asymptotic freedom property of the (-φ4) theory is always concluded from real-line calculations while the theory is known to be a non-real-line one. In this article, we test the existence of the asymptotic freedom in the (-φ4)3+1 theory using the mean field approach. In this approach and contrary to the original Hamiltonian, the obtained effective Hamiltonian is rather a real-line one. Accordingly, this work resembles the first reasonable analysis for the existence of the asymptotic freedom property in the PT-symmetric (-φ4) theory. In this respect, we calculated three different amplitudes of different positive dimensions (in mass units) and find that all of them go to very small values at high energy scales (small coupling) in agreement with the spirit of the asymptotic freedom property of the theory. To test the validity of our calculations, we obtained the asymptotic behavior of the vacuum condensate in terms of the coupling, analytically, and found that the controlling factor Λ has the value ((4π)2/6)=26.319 compared to the result Λ=26.3209 from the literature, which was obtained via numerical predictions. We assert that the nonblowup of the massive quantities at high energy scales predicted in this work strongly suggests the possibility of the solution of the famous hierarchy puzzle in a standard model with the PT-symmetric Higgs mechanism.
On Large Scale Inductive Dimension of Asymptotic Resemblance Spaces
Kalantari, Sh.; Honari, B.
2014-01-01
We introduce the notion of large scale inductive dimension for asymptotic resemblance spaces. We prove that the large scale inductive dimension and the asymptotic dimensiongrad are equal in the class of r-convex metric spaces. This class contains the class of all geodesic metric spaces and all finitely generated groups. This leads to an answer for a question asked by E. Shchepin concerning the relation between the asymptotic inductive dimension and the asymptotic dimensiongrad, for r-convex m...
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
张映辉; 吴国春
2014-01-01
We investigate the global existence and asymptotic behavior of classical solutions for the 3D compressible non-isentropic damped Euler equations on a periodic domain. The global existence and uniqueness of classical solutions are obtained when the initial data is near an equilibrium. Furthermore, the exponential convergence rates of the pressure and velocity are also proved by delicate energy methods.
Generalized Asymptotic Pointwise Contractions and Nonexpansive Mappings Involving Orbits
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Nicolae Adriana
2010-01-01
Full Text Available We give fixed point results for classes of mappings that generalize pointwise contractions, asymptotic contractions, asymptotic pointwise contractions, and nonexpansive and asymptotic nonexpansive mappings. We consider the case of metric spaces and, in particular, CAT spaces. We also study the well-posedness of these fixed point problems.
Componentwise Asymptotic Stability of Continuous-Time Interval Systems
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
赵胜民; 唐万生; 李光泉; 李文秀
2003-01-01
A special type of asymptotic (exponential) stability, namely componentwise asymptotic (exponential) stability for the continuous-time interval system is investigated. A set-valued map that represents the constraint of the state of the system is defined. And, by applying the viability theory of differential equation, sufficient and necessary conditions for the componentwise asymptotical (exponential) stability of this kind of systems are given.
Supersymmetric 3D gravity with torsion: asymptotic symmetries
Cvetkovic, B.; Blagojevic, M
2007-01-01
We study the structure of asymptotic symmetries in N=1+1 supersymmetric extension of three-dimensional gravity with torsion. Using a natural generalization of the bosonic anti-de Sitter asymptotic conditions, we show that the asymptotic Poisson bracket algebra of the canonical generators has the form of two independent super-Virasoro algebras with different central charges.
Asymptotic symmetries in 3d gravity with torsion
Blagojevic, M; Vasilic, M.
2003-01-01
We study the nature of asymptotic symmetries in topological 3d gravity with torsion. After introducing the concept of asymptotically anti-de Sitter configuration, we find that the canonical realization of the asymptotic symmetry is characterized by the Virasoro algebra with classical central charge, the value of which is the same as in general relativity: c=3l/2G.
Asymptotic estimates and compactness of expanding gradient Ricci solitons
Deruelle, Alix
2014-01-01
We first investigate the asymptotics of conical expanding gradient Ricci solitons by proving sharp decay rates to the asymptotic cone both in the generic and the asymptotically Ricci flat case. We then establish a compactness theorem concerning nonnegatively curved expanding gradient Ricci solitons.
Existence, uniqueness, monotonicity and asymptotic behaviour of travelling waves for epidemic models
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The purpose of this work is to investigate the existence, uniqueness, monotonicity and asymptotic behaviour of travelling wave solutions for a general epidemic model arising from the spread of an epidemic by oral–faecal transmission. First, we apply Schauder's fixed point theorem combining with a supersolution and subsolution pair to derive the existence of positive monotone monostable travelling wave solutions. Then, applying the Ikehara's theorem, we determine the exponential rates of travelling wave solutions which converge to two different equilibria as the moving coordinate tends to positive infinity and negative infinity, respectively. Finally, using the sliding method, we prove the uniqueness result provided the travelling wave solutions satisfy some boundedness conditions. (paper)
Coexistence and asymptotic periodicity in a competitor-competitor-mutualist model
Gan, Wenzhen; Lin, Zhigui
2008-01-01
In this paper, the competitor-competitor-mutualist three-species Lotka-Volterra model is discussed. Firstly, by Schauder fixed point theory, the coexistence state of the strongly coupled system is given. Applying the method of upper and lower solutions and its associated monotone iterations, the true solutions are constructed. Our results show that this system possesses at least one coexistence state if cross-diffusions and cross-reactions are weak. Secondly, the existence and asymptotic behavior of T-periodic solutions for the periodic reaction-diffusion system under homogeneous Dirichlet boundary conditions are investigated. Sufficient conditions which guarantee the existence of T-periodic solution are also obtained.
Asymptotic dynamics of three-dimensional gravity
Donnay, Laura
2016-01-01
These are the lectures notes of the course given at the Eleventh Modave Summer School in Mathematical Physics, 2015, aimed at PhD candidates and junior researchers in theoretical physics. We review in details the result of Coussaert-Henneaux-van Driel showing that the asymptotic dynamics of $(2+1)$- dimensional gravity with negative cosmological constant is described at the classical level by Liouville theory. Boundary conditions implement the asymptotic reduction in two steps: the first set reduces the $SL(2,\\mathbb R)\\times SL(2,\\mathbb R)$ Chern-Simons action, equivalent to the Einstein action, to a non-chiral $SL(2,\\mathbb R)$ Wess-Zumino-Witten model, while the second set imposes constraints on the WZW currents that reduce further the action to Liouville theory. We discuss the issues of considering the latter as an effective description of the dual conformal field theory describing AdS$_3$ gravity beyond the semi-classical regime.
The Asymptotic Safety Scenario in Quantum Gravity
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Niedermaier Max
2006-12-01
Full Text Available The asymptotic safety scenario in quantum gravity is reviewed, according to which a renormalizable quantum theory of the gravitational field is feasible which reconciles asymptotically safe couplings with unitarity. The evidence from symmetry truncations and from the truncated flow of the effective average action is presented in detail. A dimensional reduction phenomenon for the residual interactions in the extreme ultraviolet links both results. For practical reasons the background effective action is used as the central object in the quantum theory. In terms of it criteria for a continuum limit are formulated and the notion of a background geometry self-consistently determined by the quantum dynamics is presented. Self-contained appendices provide prerequisites on the background effective action, the effective average action, and their respective renormalization flows.
Asymptotically Honest Confidence Regions for High Dimensional
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Caner, Mehmet; Kock, Anders Bredahl
While variable selection and oracle inequalities for the estimation and prediction error have received considerable attention in the literature on high-dimensional models, very little work has been done in the area of testing and construction of confidence bands in high-dimensional models. However......, in a recent paper van de Geer et al. (2014) showed how the Lasso can be desparsified in order to create asymptotically honest (uniform) confidence band. In this paper we consider the conservative Lasso which penalizes more correctly than the Lasso and hence has a lower estimation error. In particular, we...... of the asymptotic covariance matrix of an increasing number of parameters which is robust against conditional heteroskedasticity. To our knowledge we are the first to do so. Next, we show that our confidence bands are honest over sparse high-dimensional sub vectors of the parameter space and that they contract...
Asymptotically Lifshitz brane-world black holes
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We study the gravity dual of a Lifshitz field theory in the context of a RSII brane-world scenario, taking into account the effects of the extra dimension through the contribution of the electric part of the Weyl tensor. We study the thermodynamical behavior of such asymptotically Lifshitz black holes. It is shown that the entropy imposes the critical exponent z to be bounded from above. This maximum value of z corresponds to a positive infinite entropy as long as the temperature is kept positive. The stability and phase transition for different spatial topologies are also discussed. - Highlights: ► Studying the gravity dual of a Lifshitz field theory in the context of brane-world scenario. ► Studying the thermodynamical behavior of asymptotically Lifshitz black holes. ► Showing that the entropy imposes the critical exponent z to be bounded from above. ► Discussing the phase transition for different spatial topologies.
Variational Asymptotic Micromechanics Modeling of Composite Materials
Tang, Tian
2008-01-01
The issue of accurately determining the effective properties of composite materials has received the attention of numerous researchers in the last few decades and continues to be in the forefront of material research. Micromechanics models have been proven to be very useful tools for design and analysis of composite materials. In the present work, a versatile micromechanics modeling framework, namely, the Variational Asymptotic Method for Unit Cell Homogenization (VAMUCH), has been invented a...
Lattice Quantum Gravity and Asymptotic Safety
Laiho, J.; Bassler, S.; Coumbe, D.; Du, D.; Neelakanta, J. T.
2016-01-01
We study the nonperturbative formulation of quantum gravity defined via Euclidean dynamical triangulations (EDT) in an attempt to make contact with Weinberg's asymptotic safety scenario. We find that a fine-tuning is necessary in order to recover semiclassical behavior. Such a fine-tuning is generally associated with the breaking of a target symmetry by the lattice regulator; in this case we identify the target symmetry as the Hamiltonian canonical symmetry, which is closely related to, but n...
Chiral fermions in asymptotically safe quantum gravity
Meibohm, Jan; Pawlowski, Jan M.
2016-01-01
We study the consistency of dynamical fermionic matter with the asymptotic safety scenario of quantum gravity using the functional renormalisation group. Since this scenario suggests strongly coupled quantum gravity in the UV, one expects gravity-induced fermion self-interactions at energies of the Planck-scale. These could lead to chiral symmetry breaking at very high energies and thus to large fermion masses in the IR. The present analysis which is based on the previous works \\cite{Christia...
Asymptotic completeness in QED. Pt. 1
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Projection operators onto the asymptotic scattering states are defined in the space of quasilocal states of QED in a Gupta-Bleuler formulation. They are obtained as weak limits for t → ±∞ of expressions formed with interacting fields, in close analogy to the LSZ expressions known from field theories without infrared problems. It is shown that these limits exist in perturbative QED and are equal to the identity. (orig.)
Asymptotic completeness in QED. Pt. 2
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Physical states and fields in QED are defined as limits in the sense of Wightman functions of states and composite fields of the Gupta-Bleuler formalism. A formulation of asymptotic completeness proposed in an earlier publication for the Gupta-Bleuler case is transferred to the physical state space and shown to be valid in perturbation theory. An application to the calculation of inclusive cross sections is discussed. (orig.)
Theorems for Asymptotic Safety of Gauge Theories
Bond, Andrew D
2016-01-01
We classify the weakly interacting fixed points of general gauge theories coupled to matter and explain how the competition between gauge and matter fluctuations gives rise to a rich spectrum of high- and low-energy fixed points. The pivotal role played by Yukawa couplings is emphasized. Necessary and sufficient conditions for asymptotic safety of gauge theories are also derived, in conjunction with strict no go theorems. Implications for phase diagrams of gauge theories and physics beyond the Standard Model are indicated.
Asymptotics of high order noise corrections
Sondergaard, N; Pálla, G; Voros, A; Sondergaard, Niels; Vattay, Gabor; Palla, Gergely; Voros, Andre
1999-01-01
We consider an evolution operator for a discrete Langevin equation with a strongly hyperbolic classical dynamics and noise with finite moments. Using a perturbative expansion of the evolution operator we calculate high order corrections to its trace in the case of a quartic map and Gaussian noise. The leading contributions come from the period one orbits of the map. The asymptotic behaviour is investigated and is found to be independent up to a multiplicative constant of the distribution of noise.
Asymptotic elastic energy in simple metals
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The asymptotic form of the elastic binding energy ΔEsup(as)(R) between two Mg atoms in Al is expressed as a product of a lattice Green function and the dipole force tensor P. The quantity P is obtained by a nearly free electron model in which the impurity effect is introduced by a screened Ashcroft pseudopotential characterized by an excess charge ΔZ and a core radius rsub(j). (author)
Asymptotic expansions for the Gaussian unitary ensemble
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Haagerup, Uffe; Thorbjørnsen, Steen
2012-01-01
Let g : R ¿ C be a C8-function with all derivatives bounded and let trn denote the normalized trace on the n × n matrices. In Ref. 3 Ercolani and McLaughlin established asymptotic expansions of the mean value ¿{trn(g(Xn))} for a rather general class of random matrices Xn, including the Gaussian...... Unitary Ensemble (GUE). Using an analytical approach, we provide in the present paper an alternative proof of this asymptotic expansion in the GUE case. Specifically we derive for a random matrix Xn that where k is an arbitrary positive integer. Considered as mappings of g, we determine the coefficients...... aj(g), j ¿ N, as distributions (in the sense of L. Schwarts). We derive a similar asymptotic expansion for the covariance Cov{Trn[f(Xn)], Trn[g(Xn)]}, where f is a function of the same kind as g, and Trn = n trn. Special focus is drawn to the case where and for ¿, µ in C\\R. In this case the mean and...
Avoidance of singularities in asymptotically safe Quantum Einstein Gravity
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kofinas, Georgios [Research Group of Geometry, Dynamical Systems and Cosmology,Department of Information and Communication Systems Engineering,University of the Aegean, Karlovassi 83200, Samos (Greece); Zarikas, Vasilios [Department of Electrical Engineering, Theory Division, ATEI of Central Greece,35100 Lamia (Greece); Department of Physics, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki,54124 Thessaloniki (Greece)
2015-10-30
New general spherically symmetric solutions have been derived with a cosmological “constant” Λ as a source. This Λ term is not constant but it satisfies the properties of the asymptotically safe gravity at the ultraviolet fixed point. The importance of these solutions comes from the fact that they may describe the near to the centre region of black hole spacetimes as this is modified by the Renormalization Group scaling behaviour of the fields. The consistent set of field equations which respect the Bianchi identities is derived and solved. One of the solutions (with conventional sign of temporal-radial metric components) is timelike geodesically complete, and although there is still a curvature divergent origin, this is never approachable by an infalling massive particle which is reflected at a finite distance due to the repulsive origin. Another family of solutions (of both signatures) range from a finite radius outwards, they cannot be extended to the centre of spherical symmetry, and the curvature invariants are finite at the minimum radius.
Reflection and transmission of solar light by clouds: asymptotic theory
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
A. A. Kokhanovsky
2006-01-01
Full Text Available The authors introduce a radiative transfer model CLOUD for reflection, transmission, and absorption characteristics of terrestrial clouds and discuss the accuracy of the approximations used within the model. A Fortran implementation of CLOUD is available for download. This model is fast, accurate, and capable of calculating multiple radiative characteristics of cloudy media including the spherical and plane albedo, reflection and transmission functions, absorptance as well as global and diffuse transmittance. The approximations are based on the asymptotic solutions of the radiative transfer equations valid at cloud optical thicknesses larger than 5. While the analytic part of the solutions is treated in the code in an approximate way, the correspondent reflection function (RF of a semi-infinite water cloud R∞ is calculated using numerical solutions of the radiative transfer equation in the assumption of Deirmendjian's cloud C1 model. In the case of ice clouds, the fractal ice crystal model is used. The resulting values of R∞ with respect to the viewing geometry are stored in a look-up table (LUT. The results obtained are of importance for quick estimations of main radiative characteristics of clouds and also for the solution of inverse problems.
ASYMPTOTIC DECAY TOWARD RAREFACTION WAVE FOR A HYPERBOLIC-ELLIPTIC COUPLED SYSTEM ON HALF SPACE
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Ruan Lizhi; Zhu Changjiang
2008-01-01
We consider the asymptotic behavior of solutions to a model of hyperbolicelliptic coupled system on the half-line R+=(0,∞),ut+uux+qx=0, -qxx+q+ux=0,with the Dirichlet boundary condition u(0,t)=0.S.Kawashima and Y.Tanaka [Kyushu J.Math.,58(2004),211-250]have shown that the solution to the corresponding Cauchy problem behaviors like rarefaction waves and obtained its convergence rate when u_＜u+.Our main concern in this paper is the boundary effect.In the case of null-Dirichlet boundary condition on u,asymptotic behavior of the solution(u,q)is proved to be rarefaction wave as t tends to infinity.Its convergence rate is also obtained by the standard L2-energy method and L1-estimate.It decays much lower than that of the corresponding Cauchy problem.
ESTIMATION FOR THE ASYMPTOTIC BEHAVIOR OF THE DELAYED COMPETITION MODEL
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Li Huifeng; Wang Jinliang
2008-01-01
In ecological dynamic systems, the competition between species is a very universal phenomenon, which can be described by the well-known Volterra-Lotka model in a diffusion form. Noticing that the living space usually changes in a seasonal manner and the population development of the species may also undergo time-delay im-pact, a developed form of this model is investigated in this article. The main approaches employed here are the upper-lower solution method and the energy-estimate technique. The results show that whether the species may sustain survival or not depends on the relations among the birth rate, the death rate, the competition rate, the diffusivity and the time delay. For the survival case, the population evolutions of the two species may appear asymptotic periodicity with distinct upper bound and this bound depends heavily on the time delay. These results can be also checked by the intuitionistic numerical simulations.
Asymptotic stationary MHD regimes: inertial effects with infinite conductivity
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
In a previous study the authors have investigated the existence of asymptotic solutions of the magnetohydrostatic (MHS) equations in the limit where: (i) the magnetic field is close to a vacuum field, (ii) vector and scalar fields are quasi-axisymmetric, (iii) the axisymmetric part of a vector field is quasi azimuthal. The situation is typical for a Tokamak discharge. Still under (i)-(iii), the analysis has now been extended to the stationary ideal MHD equations. These equations can be dealt with in a similar (although much more complicated) way as it was done in the MHS case, and the results turn out to be patterned quite consistently after the previous ones. (Auth.)
Asymptotic Energies and QED Shifts for Rydberg States of Helium
Drake, G.W.F.
2007-01-01
This paper reviews progress that has been made in obtaining essentially exact solutions to the nonrelativistic three-body problem for helium by a combination of variational and asymptotic expansion methods. The calculation of relativistic and quantum electrodynamic corrections by perturbation theory is discussed, and in particular, methods for the accurate calculation of the Bethe logarithm part of the electron self energy are presented. As an example, the results are applied to the calculation of isotope shifts for the short-lived 'halo' nucleus He-6 relative to He-4 in order to determine the nuclear charge radius of He-6 from high precision spectroscopic measurements carried out at the Argonne National Laboratory. The results demonstrate that the high precision that is now available from atomic theory is creating new opportunities to create novel measurement tools, and helium, along with hydrogen, can be regarded as a fundamental atomic system whose spectrum is well understood for all practical purposes.
Cubic Derivative Interactions and Asymptotic Dynamics of the Galileon Vacuum
De Arcia, Roberto; León, Genly; Nucamendi, Ulises; Quiros, Israel
2015-01-01
In this paper we apply the tools of the dynamical systems theory in order to uncover the whole asymptotic structure of the vacuum interactions of a galileon model with a cubic derivative interaction term. It is shown that, contrary to what occurs in the presence of background matter, the galileon interactions of vacuum appreciably modify the late-time cosmic dynamics. In particular, a local late-time attractor representing phantom behavior arises which is inevitably associated with a big rip singularity. It seems that the gravitational interactions of the background matter with the galileon screen the effects of the gravitational self-interactions of the galileon, thus erasing any potential modification of the late-time dynamics by the galileon vacuum processes. Unlike other galileon models inspired in the DGP scenario, self-accelerating solutions do not arise in this model.
INVESTIGATION OF STURM-LIOUVILLE PROBLEM SOLVABILITY IN THE PROCESS OF ASYMPTOTIC SERIES CREATION
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
A. I. Popov
2015-09-01
Full Text Available Subject of Research. Creation of asymptotic expansions for solutions of partial differential equations with small parameter reduces, usually, to consequent solving of the Sturm-Liouville problems chain. To find some term of the series, the non-homogeneous Sturm-Liouville problem with the inhomogeneity depending on the previous term needs to be solved. At the same time, the corresponding homogeneous problem has a non-trivial solution. Hence, the solvability problem occures for the non-homogeneous Sturm-Liouville problem for functions or formal power series. The paper deals with creation of such asymptotic expansions. Method. To prove the necessary condition, we use conventional integration technique of the whole equation and boundary conditions. To prove the sufficient condition, we create an appropriate Cauchy problem (which is always solvable and analyze its solution. We deal with the general case of power series and make no hypotheses about the series convergence. Main Result. Necessary and sufficient conditions of solvability for the non-homogeneous Sturm-Liouville problem in general case for formal power series are proved in the paper. As a particular case, the result is valid for functions instead of formal power series. Practical Relevance. The result is usable at creation of the solutions for partial differential equation in the form of power series. The result is general and is applicable to particular cases of such solutions, e.g., to asymptotic series or to functions (convergent power series.
Generalized asymptotic expansions for coupled wavenumbers in fluid-filled cylindrical shells
Kunte, M. V.; Sarkar, Abhijit; Sonti, Venkata R.
2010-12-01
Analytical expressions are found for the coupled wavenumbers in an infinite fluid-filled cylindrical shell using the asymptotic methods. These expressions are valid for any general circumferential order ( n). The shallow shell theory (which is more accurate at higher frequencies) is used to model the cylinder. Initially, the in vacuo shell is dealt with and asymptotic expressions are derived for the shell wavenumbers in the high- and the low-frequency regimes. Next, the fluid-filled shell is considered. Defining a relevant fluid-loading parameter μ, we find solutions for the limiting cases of small and large μ. Wherever relevant, a frequency scaling parameter along with some ingenuity is used to arrive at an elegant asymptotic expression. In all cases, Poisson's ratio ν is used as an expansion variable. The asymptotic results are compared with numerical solutions of the dispersion equation and the dispersion relation obtained by using the more general Donnell-Mushtari shell theory ( in vacuo and fluid-filled). A good match is obtained. Hence, the contribution of this work lies in the extension of the existing literature to include arbitrary circumferential orders ( n).
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
M. A. Davydova
2016-01-01
Full Text Available In the present work the model boundary value problem for a stationary singularly perturbed reaction-diﬀusion-advection equation arising at the description of gas impurity transfer processes in an ecosystem ”forest – swamp” is considered. Application of a boundary functions method and an asymptotic method of diﬀerential inequalities allow to construct an asymptotics of the boundary layer type solution, to prove the existence of the solution with such an asymptotics and its asymptotic stability by Lyapunov as the stationary solution of the corresponding parabolic problem with the deﬁnition of local area of boundary layer type solution formation. The latter has a certain importance for applications, since it allows to reveal the solution describing one of the most probable conditions of the ecosystem. In the ﬁnal part of the work suﬃcient conditions for existence of solutions with interior transitional layers (contrast structures are discussed.
Asymptotics for a generalization of Hermite polynomials
Alfaro, M; Peña, A; Rezola, M L
2009-01-01
We consider a generalization of the classical Hermite polynomials by the addition of terms involving derivatives in the inner product. This type of generalization has been studied in the literature from the point of view of the algebraic properties. Thus, our aim is to study the asymptotics of this sequence of nonstandard orthogonal polynomials. In fact, we obtain Mehler--Heine type formulas for these polynomials and, as a consequence, we prove that there exists an acceleration of the convergence of the smallest positive zeros of these generalized Hermite polynomials towards the origin.
Large Degree Asymptotics of Generalized Bessel Polynomials
López, J. L.; Temme, Nico
2011-01-01
Asymptotic expansions are given for large values of $n$ of the generalized Bessel polynomials $Y_n^\\mu(z)$. The analysis is based on integrals that follow from the generating functions of the polynomials. A new simple expansion is given that is valid outside a compact neighborhood of the origin in the $z-$plane. New forms of expansions in terms of elementary functions valid in sectors not containing the turning points $z=\\pm i/n$ are derived, and a new expansion in terms of modified Bessel fu...
Taming perturbative divergences in asymptotically safe gravity
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Benedetti, Dario, E-mail: dbenedetti@perimeterinstitute.c [Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics, 31 Caroline St. N, N2L 2Y5, Waterloo ON (Canada); Machado, Pedro F., E-mail: p.f.machado@uu.n [Institute for Theoretical Physics, Utrecht University, 3508 TD Utrecht (Netherlands); Saueressig, Frank, E-mail: Frank.Saueressig@cea.f [Institut de Physique Theorique, CEA Saclay, F-91191 Gif-Sur-Yvette Cedex (France); CNRS URA 2306, F-91191 Gif-Sur-Yvette Cedex (France)
2010-01-01
We use functional renormalization group methods to study gravity minimally coupled to a free scalar field. This setup provides the prototype of a gravitational theory which is perturbatively non-renormalizable at one-loop level, but may possess a non-trivial renormalization group fixed point controlling its UV behavior. We show that such a fixed point indeed exists within the truncations considered, lending strong support to the conjectured asymptotic safety of the theory. In particular, we demonstrate that the counterterms responsible for its perturbative non-renormalizability have no qualitative effect on this feature.
The ADM mass of asymptotically flat hypersurfaces
de Lima, Levi Lopes
2011-01-01
We provide integral formulae for the ADM mass of asymptotically flat hypersurfaces in Riemannian manifolds with a certain warped product structure in a neighborhood of infinity, thus extending Lam's recent results on Euclidean graphs to this broader context. As applications we exhibit, in any dimension, new classes of manifolds for which versions of the Positive Mass and Riemannian Penrose inequalities hold and discuss a notion of quasi-local mass in this setting. The proof explores a novel connection between the co-vector defining the ADM mass of a hypersurface as above and the Newton tensor associated to its shape operator, which takes place in the presence of an ambient Killing field.
Asymptotics of loop quantum gravity fusion coefficients
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Alesci, Emanuele; Bianchi, Eugenio; Magliaro, Elena; Perini, Claudio, E-mail: alesci@fis.uniroma3.i, E-mail: e.bianchi@sns.i, E-mail: elena.magliaro@gmail.co, E-mail: claude.perin@libero.i [Centre de Physique Theorique de Luminy , case 907, F-13288 Marseille (France)
2010-05-07
The fusion coefficients from SO(3) to SO(4) play a key role in the definition of spin foam models for the dynamics in loop quantum gravity. In this paper we give a simple analytic formula of the Engle-Pereira-Rovelli-Livine fusion coefficients. We study the large spin asymptotics and show that they map SO(3) semiclassical intertwiners into SU(2){sub L} x SU(2){sub R} semiclassical intertwiners. This non-trivial property opens the possibility for an analysis of the semiclassical behavior of the model.
Asymptotic behaviour of exclusive processes in QCD
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The main ideas, methods and results in the investigation of the asymptotic behaviour of exclusive processes are reviewed. We discuss power behaviour and its dependence on hadron quantum numbers, logarithmic corrections and properties of nonperturbative hadronic wave functions. Applications to meson and baryon form factors, strong, electromagnetic and weak decays of heavy mesons, elastic scattering, threshold behaviour of inclusive structure functions, etc., are described. Comparison of theoretical predictions with experimental data is made whenever possible. The review may be of interest to theoreticians, experimentalists and students specializing in elementary particle physics. The experts in this field can also find new results (nonleading logarithms, higher twist processes, novel applications, etc.). (orig.)
Asymptotic curved interface models in piezoelectric composites
Serpilli, Michele
2016-10-01
We study the electromechanical behavior of a thin interphase, constituted by a piezoelectric anisotropic shell-like thin layer, embedded between two generic three-dimensional piezoelectric bodies by means of the asymptotic analysis in a general curvilinear framework. After defining a small real dimensionless parameter ε, which will tend to zero, we characterize two different limit models and their associated limit problems, the so-called weak and strong piezoelectric curved interface models, respectively. Moreover, we identify the non-classical electromechanical transmission conditions at the interface between the two three-dimensional bodies.
Optimal homotopy asymptotic method for solving fractional relaxation-oscillation equation
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Mohammad Hamarsheh
2015-11-01
Full Text Available In this paper, an approximate analytical solution of linear fractional relaxation-oscillation equations in which the fractional derivatives are given in the Caputo sense, is obtained by the optimal homotopy asymptotic method (OHAM. The studied OHAM is based on minimizing the residual error. The results given by OHAM are compared with the exact solutions and the solutions obtained by generalized Taylor matrix method. The reliability and efficiency of the proposed approach are demonstrated in three examples with the aid of the symbolic algebra program Maple.
Asymptotic Analysis to a Diffusion Equation with a Weighted Nonlo cal Source
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
JIANG Liang-jun
2015-01-01
In this paper, we deal with the blow-up property of the solution to the diffusion equation ut=∆u+a(x)f(u) RΩh(u)dx, x∈Ω, t>0 subject to the null Dirichlet boundary condition. We will show that under certain conditions, the solution blows up in finite time and prove that the set of all blow-up points is the whole region. Especially, in case of f(s)=sp, h(s)=sq, 0≤p≤1, p+q>1, we obtain the asymptotic behavior of the blow up solution.
Levchenko, E. A.; Shapovalov, A. V.; Trifonov, A. Yu
2016-07-01
In this paper we construct asymptotic solutions for the nonlocal multidimensional Fisher-Kolmogorov-Petrovskii-Piskunov equation in the class of functions concentrated on a one-dimensional manifold (curve) using a semiclassical approximation technique. We show that the construction of these solutions can be reduced to solving a similar problem for the nonlocal Fisher-Kolmogorov-Petrovskii-Piskunov in the class of functions concentrated at a point (zero-dimensional manifold) together with an additional operator condition. The general approach is exemplified by constructing a two-dimensional two-parametric solution, which describes quasi-steady-state patterns on a circumference.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
YAN Jun; SU Wen-Jie
2012-01-01
The （2＋1）-dimensional Maxwell-Chern Simons gravity with phantom dilaton field coupling is studied in this paper. It is shown that black hole solution to exist when electromagnetic coupled to dilaton field in the non-trivial way. Moreover, asymptotic index and distribution parameter of current density are calculated by using black hole solution, some new features of this solution are briefly discussed.
Asymptotically warped anti-de Sitter spacetimes in topologically massive gravity
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Asymptotically warped AdS spacetimes in topologically massive gravity with negative cosmological constant are considered in the case of spacelike stretched warping, where black holes have been shown to exist. We provide a set of asymptotic conditions that accommodate solutions in which the local degree of freedom (the ''massive graviton'') is switched on. An exact solution with this property is explicitly exhibited and possesses a slower falloff than the warped AdS black hole. The boundary conditions are invariant under the semidirect product of the Virasoro algebra with a u(1) current algebra. We show that the canonical generators are integrable and finite. When the graviton is not excited, our analysis is compared and contrasted with earlier results obtained through the covariant approach to conserved charges. In particular, we find agreement with the conserved charges of the warped AdS black holes as well as with the central charges in the algebra.
Inspiralling, Non-Precessing, Spinning Black Hole Binary Spacetime via Asymptotic Matching
Ireland, Brennan; Nakano, Hiroyuki; Campanelli, Manuela
2015-01-01
We construct a new global, fully analytic, approximate spacetime which accurately describes the dynamics of non-precessing, spinning black hole binaries during the inspiral phase of the relativistic merger process. This approximate solution of the vacuum Einstein's equations can be obtained by asymptotically matching perturbed Kerr solutions near the two black holes to a post-Newtonian metric valid far from the two black holes. This metric is then matched to a post-Minkowskian metric even farther out in the wave zone. The procedure of asymptotic matching is generalized to be valid on all spatial hypersurfaces, instead of a small group of initial hypersurfaces discussed in previous works. This metric is well suited for long term dynamical simulations of spinning black hole binary spacetimes prior to merger, such as studies of circumbinary gas accretion which requires hundreds of binary orbits.
Asymptotic Stability for an Axis-Symmetric Ohmic Heating Model in Thermal Electricity
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Anyin Xia
2013-01-01
Full Text Available The asymptotic behavior of the solution for the Dirichlet problem of the parabolic equation with nonlocal term ut=urr+ur/r+f(u/(a+2πb∫01f(urdr2, for 00,u1,t=u′(0,t=0, for t>0, ur,0=u0r, for 0≤r≤1. The model prescribes the dimensionless temperature when the electric current flows through two conductors, subject to a fixed potential difference. One of the electrical resistivity of the axis-symmetric conductor depends on the temperature and the other one remains constant. The main results show that the temperature remains uniformly bounded for the generally decreasing function f(s, and the global solution of the problem converges asymptotically to the unique equilibrium.
Self-gravitating Klein-Gordon fields in asymptotically Anti-de-Sitter spacetimes
Holzegel, Gustav
2011-01-01
We initiate the study of the spherically symmetric Einstein-Klein-Gordon system in the presence of a negative cosmological constant, a model appearing frequently in the context of high-energy physics. Due to the lack of global hyperbolicity of the solutions, the natural formulation of dynamics is that of an initial boundary value problem, with boundary conditions imposed at null infinity. We prove a local well-posedness statement for this system, with the time of existence of the solutions depending only on an invariant H^2-type norm measuring the size of the Klein-Gordon field on the initial data. The proof requires the introduction of a renormalized system of equations and relies crucially on r-weighted estimates for the wave equation on asymptotically AdS spacetimes. The results provide the basis for our companion paper establishing the global asymptotic stability of Schwarzschild-Anti-de-Sitter within this system.
Inspiralling, spinning, non-precessing binary black hole spacetime via asymptotic matching
Ireland, Brennan; Mundim, Bruno; Nakano, Hiroyuki; Campanelli, Manuela
2016-03-01
We construct and present a new global, fully analytic, approximate spacetime which accurately describes the dynamics of non-precessing, spinning black hole binaries during the inspiral phase of the relativistic merger process. This approximate solution of the vacuum Einstein's equations can be obtained by asymptotically matching perturbed Kerr solutions near the two black holes to a post-Newtonian metric valid far from the two black holes. This metric is then matched to a post-Minkowskian metric even farther out in the wave zone. The procedure of asymptotic matching is generalized to be valid on all spatial hypersurfaces, instead of a small group of initial hypersurfaces discussed in previous works. This metric is well suited for long term dynamical simulations of spinning black hole binary spacetimes prior to merger, such as studies of circumbinary gas accretion which requires hundreds of binary orbits.
The Asymptotic Behavior for a Nonlinear Singularly Perturbed System%非线性奇摄动系统的渐近性态
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
韩祥临
2007-01-01
The asymptotic behavior of solution for a n-dimensional nonlinear singularly perturbed system is studied. Under the appropriate assumptions, the existence of solution for the system is proved and the estimation of the solution is given using the method of differential inequalities.
Asymptotically Lifshitz brane-world black holes
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ranjbar, Arash, E-mail: a_ranjbar@sbu.ac.ir; Sepangi, Hamid Reza, E-mail: hr-sepangi@sbu.ac.ir; Shahidi, Shahab, E-mail: s_shahidi@sbu.ac.ir
2012-12-15
We study the gravity dual of a Lifshitz field theory in the context of a RSII brane-world scenario, taking into account the effects of the extra dimension through the contribution of the electric part of the Weyl tensor. We study the thermodynamical behavior of such asymptotically Lifshitz black holes. It is shown that the entropy imposes the critical exponent z to be bounded from above. This maximum value of z corresponds to a positive infinite entropy as long as the temperature is kept positive. The stability and phase transition for different spatial topologies are also discussed. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Studying the gravity dual of a Lifshitz field theory in the context of brane-world scenario. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Studying the thermodynamical behavior of asymptotically Lifshitz black holes. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Showing that the entropy imposes the critical exponent z to be bounded from above. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Discussing the phase transition for different spatial topologies.
Lattice Quantum Gravity and Asymptotic Safety
Laiho, J; Coumbe, D; Du, D; Neelakanta, J T
2016-01-01
We study the nonperturbative formulation of quantum gravity defined via Euclidean dynamical triangulations (EDT) in an attempt to make contact with Weinberg's asymptotic safety scenario. We find that a fine-tuning is necessary in order to recover semiclassical behavior. Such a fine-tuning is generally associated with the breaking of a target symmetry by the lattice regulator; in this case we identify the target symmetry as the Hamiltonian canonical symmetry, which is closely related to, but not identical to, four-dimensional diffeomorphism invariance. After introducing and fine-tuning a non-trivial local measure term, we find no barrier to taking a continuum limit, and we find evidence that four-dimensional, semiclassical geometries are recovered at long distance scales in the continuum limit. We also find that the spectral dimension at short distance scales is consistent with 3/2, a value that could resolve the tension between asymptotic safety and the holographic entropy scaling of black holes. We argue tha...
Asymptotic behavior of elliptic boundary-value problems with some small coefficients
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Senoussi Guesmia
2008-04-01
Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to analyze the asymptotic behavior of the solutions to elliptic boundary-value problems where some coefficients become negligible on a cylindrical part of the domain. We show that the dimension of the space can be reduced and find estimates of the rate of convergence. Some applications to elliptic boundary-value problems on domains becoming unbounded are also considered.
Calculation of anisotropic few-group constants in asymptotic cells: the code ANICELL
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The theoretical background of the ANICELL computer program together with a user's manual is presented. ANICELL is a nuclear reactor neutron transport code which solves the traditional asymptotic and the so-called tilted flux transport problems in one-dimensional cylindrical geometry using linearly anisotropic scattering. The method of solution used is the first flight collision probability technique. Few-group constants including radial and axial diffusion coefficients for the cell are also prepared by the program. (author)
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Liang-cai Zhao
2012-01-01
Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to introduce a class of total quasi-ϕ-asymptotically nonexpansive-nonself mappings and to study the strong convergence under a limit condition only in the framework of Banach spaces. As an application, we utilize our results to study the approximation problem of solution to a system of equilibrium problems. The results presented in the paper extend and improve the corresponding results announced by some authors recently.
Asymptotic behavior of a stochastic non-autonomous predator-prey model with impulsive perturbations
Wu, Ruihua; Zou, Xiaoling; Wang, Ke
2015-03-01
This paper is concerned with a stochastic non-autonomous Lotka-Volterra predator-prey model with impulsive effects. The asymptotic properties are examined. Sufficient conditions for persistence and extinction are obtained, our results demonstrate that the impulse has important effects on the persistence and extinction of the species. We also show that the solution is stochastically ultimate bounded under some conditions. Finally, several simulation figures are introduced to confirm our main results.
Asymptotic Analysis of the Load Transfer on Double-Lap Bolted Joints
KRATOCHVIL, Jan
2012-01-01
In this thesis, the complex potential method along with the method of compound asymptotic expansions is applied to the analysis of selected problems of plane elasticity related to double-lap bolted joints. The contribution to the thesis lies in the construction of several closed-form approximations of solutions to the considered problems. After a brief introduction of the basic theoretical concepts in Chapter 2, a mathematical model of a double-lap bolted joint is presented in Chapter 3....
ASYMPTOTIC BEHAVIOUR AND EXPONENTIAL STABILITY FOR THERMOELASTIC PROBLEM WITH LOCALIZED DAMPING
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
GAO Hong-jun; ZHAO Yu-juan
2006-01-01
A semi-linear thermoelastic problem with localized damping is considered,which is one of the most important mathematical models in material science. The existence and decays exponentially to zero of solution of this problem are obtained. Moreover,the existence of absorbing sets is achieved in the non-homogeneous case. The result indicates that the system which we studied here is asymptotic stability.
On the high-order topological asymptotic expansion for shape functions
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Maatoug Hassine
2016-04-01
Full Text Available This article concerns the topological sensitivity analysis for the Laplace operator with respect to the presence of a Dirichlet geometry perturbation. Two main results are presented in this work. In the first result we discuss the influence of the considered geometry perturbation on the Laplace solution. In the second result we study the high-order topological derivatives. We derive a high-order topological asymptotic expansion for a large class of shape functions.
Duality-based Asymptotic-Preserving method for highly anisotropic diffusion equations
Degond, Pierre; Deluzet, Fabrice; Lozinski, Alexei; Narski, Jacek; Negulescu, Claudia
2010-01-01
The present paper introduces an efficient and accurate numerical scheme for the solution of a highly anisotropic elliptic equation, the anisotropy direction being given by a variable vector field. This scheme is based on an asymptotic preserving reformulation of the original system, permitting an accurate resolution independently of the anisotropy strength and without the need of a mesh adapted to this anisotropy. The counterpart of this original procedure is the larger system size, enlarged ...
Positive Solutions of Advanced Differential Systems
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Josef Diblík
2013-01-01
graph coordinates of two (lower and upper auxiliary vector functions. This result is applied to scalar advanced linear differential equations. Criteria of existence of positive solutions are given and their asymptotic behavior is discussed.
Saw, Vee-Liem
2016-01-01
We derive the asymptotic solutions for vacuum spacetimes with non-zero cosmological constant $\\Lambda$, using the Newman-Penrose formalism. Our approach is based exclusively on the physical spacetime, i.e. no reference of conformal rescaling nor conformal spacetime is made, at least not explicitly. By investigating the Schwarzschild-de Sitter spacetime in spherical coordinates, we subsequently stipulate the fall-offs of the null tetrad and spin coefficients for asymptotically de Sitter spacetimes such that the terms which would give rise to the Bondi mass-loss due to energy carried by gravitational radiation (i.e. involving $\\sigma^o$) must be non-zero. After solving the vacuum Newman-Penrose equations asymptotically, we obtain the Bondi mass-loss formula by integrating the Bianchi identity involving $D'\\Psi_2$ over a compact 2-surface on $\\mathcal{I}$. Whilst our original intention was to study asymptotically de Sitter spacetimes, the use of spherical coordinates implies that this readily applies for $\\Lambd...
Singularities in asymptotically anti-de Sitter spacetimes
Ishibashi, Akihiro; Maeda, Kengo
2012-01-01
We consider singularity theorems in asymptotically anti-de Sitter (AdS) spacetimes. In the first part, we discuss the global methods used to show geodesic incompleteness and see that when the conditions imposed in Hawking and Penrose's singularity theorem are satisfied, a singularity must appear in asymptotically AdS spacetime. The recent observations of turbulent instability of asymptotically AdS spacetimes indicate that AdS spacetimes are generically singular even if a closed trapped surfac...
Asymptotic parameterization in inverse limit spaces of dendrites
Hamilton, Brent
2012-01-01
In this paper, we study asymptotic behavior arising in inverse limit spaces of dendrites. In particular, the inverse limit is constructed with a single unimodal bonding map, for which points have unique itineraries and the critical point is periodic. Using symbolic dynamics, sufficient conditions for two rays in the inverse limit space to have asymptotic parameterizations are given. Being a topological invariant, the classification of asymptotic parameterizations would be a useful tool when d...
ASYMPTOTIC EXPANSION AND ESTIMATE OF THE LANDAU CONSTANT
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
A.Eisinberg; G.Franzè; N.Salerno
2001-01-01
Properties of Landau constant are investigated in this note.A new representation in terms of a hypergeometric function 3F2 is given and a property defining the family of asymptotic sequences of Landau constant is formalized.Moreover,we give an other asymptotic expansion of Landau constant by using asymptotic expansion of the ratio of gamma functions in the sense of Poincaré due to Tricomi and Erdélyi.
Large-time behavior of solutions of linear dispersive equations
Dix, Daniel B
1997-01-01
This book studies the large-time asymptotic behavior of solutions of the pure initial value problem for linear dispersive equations with constant coefficients and homogeneous symbols in one space dimension. Complete matched and uniformly-valid asymptotic expansions are obtained and sharp error estimates are proved. Using the method of steepest descent much new information on the regularity and spatial asymptotics of the solutions are also obtained. Applications to nonlinear dispersive equations are discussed. This monograph is intended for researchers and graduate students of partial differential equations. Familiarity with basic asymptotic, complex and Fourier analysis is assumed.
Shock solution for quasilinear singularly perturbed Robin problem
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2002-01-01
The shock solution for the quasilinear singularly perturbed Robin problem is considered. Under suitable conditions and using the theory of differential inequalities the existence and asymptotic behavior of the shock solution for the original boundary value problems are studied.