WorldWideScience

Sample records for astatine 202

  1. Bibliography of astatine chemistry and biomedical applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An overall bibliography is presented on astatine chemistry and on the biomedical applications of its 211At isotope. The references were grouped in the following chapters: General reviews; Discovery, Natural Occurence; Nuclear Data; Preparation, Handling, Radiation Risk; Physico-chemical Properties; Astatine Compounds and Chemical Reactions; Biological Effects and Applications. Entries are sorted alphabetically by authors name in each chapter, and cross-references to other chapters are provided if appropriate. (R.P.)

  2. Astatine-211: production and availability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zalutsky, Michael R; Pruszynski, Marek

    2011-07-01

    The 7.2-h half life radiohalogen (211)At offers many potential advantages for targeted α-particle therapy; however, its use for this purpose is constrained by its limited availability. Astatine-211 can be produced in reasonable yield from natural bismuth targets via the (209)Bi(α,2n)(211)At nuclear reaction utilizing straightforward methods. There is some debate as to the best incident α-particle energy for maximizing 211At production while minimizing production of (210)At, which is problematic because of its 138.4-day half life α-particle emitting daughter, (210)Po. The intrinsic cost for producing (211)At is reasonably modest and comparable to that of commercially available (123)I. The major impediment to (211)At availability is attributed to the need for a medium energy α-particle beam for its production. On the other hand, there are about 30 cyclotrons in the world that have the beam characteristics required for (211)At production. PMID:22201707

  3. Adsorption interaction of astatine species with quartz and gold surfaces

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Serov, A. [Paul Scherrer Institute, Villigen (Switzerland). Lab. for Radiochemistry and Environmental Chemistry; Bern Univ. (Switzerland). Dept. for Chemistry and Biochemistry; Aksenov, N.; Bozhikov, G. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna (RU). Flerov Lab. of Nuclear Reactions] (and others)

    2011-07-01

    The adsorption interaction of various astatine species with quartz and gold surfaces was investigated by gas chromatography methods. Due to variations of the redox potential of the carrier gas elemental astatine, astatine oxide and hypo-astatic acid have been produced. The identification of the astatine compounds is based on the analogy assumption to the gas phase chemistry of the closest homologues in group 17 of the periodic table, iodine and bromine. The deposition temperatures as well as enthalpies of adsorption have been determined for the astatine species. The enhancement of the metallic character within group 17 towards higher Z is clearly confirmed. Macroscopic properties (sublimation enthalpy) of previously unstudied AtO{sub 2} and HAtO were estimated. The determined data for elemental astatine were compared to available literature data. Based on the obtained experimental results possible designs of experiments for studying of chemical properties of the recently discovered element 117 can be suggested. (orig.)

  4. Recent advances in the organic chemistry of astatine

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Investigation on the chemical behaviour of astatine in the last decade are surveyed. The survey covers the physical and chemical properties of astatine, synthesis and identification of organic astatine compounds, their physicochemical properties. A special chapter is devoted to biomedical applications, including inorganic 211At species, 211At-labelled proteins and drugs. An extensive bibliography of the related literature is given. (N.T.) 129 refs.; 12 figs.; 14 tabs

  5. Discovery of the astatine, radon, francium, and radium isotopes

    CERN Document Server

    Fry, C

    2012-01-01

    Currently, thirty-nine astatine, thirty-nine radon, thirty-five francium, and thirty-four radium isotopes have so far been observed; the discovery of these isotopes is discussed. For each isotope a brief summary of the first refereed publication, including the production and identification method, is presented.

  6. Extraction of astatine isotopes for development of radiopharmaceuticals using a 211Rn-211At generator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to utilize a 211At isotope, a promising α-emitter for radionuclide therapy, the chemical properties of astatine isotopes are studied. We have examined wet chemistry methods through the distribution ratios of astatine in liquid-liquid extraction. The astatine isotopes have been found to be well extracted into DIPE and MIBK. We observed that the distribution ratio of astatine isotopes increases with concentrations of HCl greater than 3 M, while it decreases with the HCl concentration less than 2 M. The results will be useful for development of the 211Rn-211At generator. (author)

  7. Astatine-211-Labeled Targeted Radiotherapeutics: An Update

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The heavy halogen 211At was first proposed for use in α-particle targeted radiotherapy more than 30 years ago and continues to be one of the most promising radionuclides for this purpose. Although its 7.2-h half life is not ideal for intravenously administered whole antibodies, it is compatible with the pharmacokinetics of antibody fragments, peptides, aptamers and organic molecules. Its diverse chemistry allows its incorporation into a wide array of targeting vehicles, relying on its chemical similarity to iodine to provide a useful point of departure. On the other hand, the relatively low carbon-astatine bond strength is challenging. In common with the other α-emitters being discussed at this symposium, lack of reliable availability is one of the biggest hurdles in the use of 211At for targeted radiotherapy. However, in the case of 211At, it is not a question of production cost or availability of target material, because 211At can be produced in reasonable yield from natural bismuth targets. Rather, the difficulty is the lack of cyclotrons equipped with the medium energy α-particle beams required for its production. If the infrastructure for producing 211At is to be improved to the stage where 211At-labeled radiopharmaceuticals can have a meaningful impact, several developments must occur. First, the ability to produce clinically relevant levels of 211At that can be shipped to remote locations in chemically tractable form must be demonstrated. Approaches under consideration include compensating for radiolysis-mediated effects and the consideration of alternative chemistries. Second, strategies for compensating for heterogeneities in dose deposition must be developed, hopefully in a way that is compatible with approval for human use. And third, it is essential that more clinical trials be performed with 211At-labeled therapeutics, particularly in settings of minimum residual disease where the radiobiological advantages of α-particles can be best exploited. Our

  8. Measurement of the first ionization potential of astatine by laser ionization spectroscopy

    CERN Document Server

    Rothe, S; Antalic, S; Borschevsky, A; Capponi, L; Cocolios, T E; De Witte, H; Eliav, E; Fedorov, D V; Fedosseev, V N; Fink, D A; Fritzsche, S; Ghys, L; Huyse, M; Imai, N; Kaldor, U; Kudryavtsev, Yu; Köster, U; Lane, J; Lassen, J; Liberati, V; Lynch, K M; Marsh, B A; Nishio, K; Pauwels, D; Pershina, V; Popescu, L; Procter, T J; Radulov, D; Raeder, S; Rajabali, M M; Rapisarda, E; Rossel, R E; Sandhu, K; Seliverstov, M D; Sjödin, A M; Van den Bergh, P; Van Duppen, P; Venhart, M; Wakabayashi, Y; Wendt K D A

    2013-01-01

    The radioactive element astatine exists only in trace amounts in nature. Its properties can therefore only be explored by study of smallest quantities of artificially produced isotopes or by performing theoretical calculations. One of the most important properties influencing the chemical behaviour is the energy required to remove one electron from the valence shell, referred to as the ionization potential. Here we use laser spectroscopy to probe the optical spectrum of astatine near the ionization threshold. The observed series of Rydberg states enabled the first determination of the ionization potential of the astatine atom, 9.317510(8) eV. New ab initio calculations were performed to support the experimental result. The measured value serves as a benchmark for quantum chemistry calculations of the properties of astatine as well as for the theoretical prediction of the ionization potential of super-heavy element 117, the heaviest homologue of astatine.

  9. Synthesis and Evaluation of Astatinated N-[2-(Maleimido)ethyl]-3-(trimethylstannyl)benzamide Immunoconjugates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aneheim, Emma; Gustafsson, Anna; Albertsson, Per; Bäck, Tom; Jensen, Holger; Palm, Stig; Svedhem, Sofia; Lindegren, Sture

    2016-03-16

    Effective treatment of metastasis is a great challenge in the treatment of different types of cancers. Targeted alpha therapy utilizes the short tissue range (50-100 μm) of α particles, making the method suitable for treatment of disseminated occult cancers in the form of microtumors or even single cancer cells. A promising radioactive nuclide for this type of therapy is astatine-211. Astatine-211 attached to tumor-specific antibodies as carrier molecules is a system currently under investigation for use in targeted alpha therapy. In the common radiolabeling procedure, astatine is coupled to the antibody arbitrarily on lysine residues. By instead coupling astatine to disulfide bridges in the antibody structure, the immunoreactivity of the antibody conjugates could possibly be increased. Here, the disulfide-based conjugation was performed using a new coupling reagent, maleimidoethyl 3-(trimethylstannyl)benzamide (MSB), and evaluated for chemical stability in vitro. The immunoconjugates were subsequently astatinated, resulting in both high radiochemical yield and high specific activity. The MSB-conjugate was shown to be stable with a long shelf life prior to the astatination. In a comparison of the in vivo distribution of the new immunoconjugate with other tin-based immunoconjugates in tumor-bearing mice, the MSB conjugation method was found to be a viable option for successful astatine labeling of different monoclonal antibodies. PMID:26791409

  10. Measurement of the first ionization potential of astatine by laser ionization spectroscopy

    OpenAIRE

    Rothe, S.; A. N. Andreyev; Antalic, S; Borschevsky, A.; Capponi, L.; Cocolios, T.E.; Witte, H.; Eliav, E.; Fedorov, D. V.; Fedosseev, V. N.; Fink, D. A.; Fritzsche, S.; Ghys, L.; Huyse, M.; Imai, N.

    2013-01-01

    The radioactive element astatine exists only in trace amounts in nature. Its properties can therefore only be explored by study of the minute quantities of artificially produced isotopes or by performing theoretical calculations. One of the most important properties influencing the chemical behaviour is the energy required to remove one electron from the valence shell, referred to as the ionization potential. Here we use laser spectroscopy to probe the optical spectrum of astatine near the io...

  11. Automated astatination of biomolecules - a stepping stone towards multicenter clinical trials

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aneheim, Emma; Albertsson, Per; Bäck, Tom;

    2015-01-01

    To facilitate multicentre clinical studies on targeted alpha therapy, it is necessary to develop an automated, on-site procedure for conjugating rare, short-lived, alpha-emitting radionuclides to biomolecules. Astatine-211 is one of the few alpha-emitting nuclides with appropriate chemical...... and physical properties for use in targeted therapies for cancer. Due to the very short range of the emitted α-particles, this therapy is particularly suited to treating occult, disseminated cancers. Astatine is not intrinsically tumour-specific; therefore, it requires an appropriate tumour-specific targeting...... vector, which can guide the radiation to the cancer cells. Consequently, an appropriate method is required for coupling the nuclide to the vector. To increase the availability of astatine-211 radiopharmaceuticals for targeted alpha therapy, their production should be automated. Here, we present a method...

  12. Study of Astatine (III) reactions with O, S and N ligands in solution

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text of publication follows. Astatine (At, Z=85: [Xe]4f145d106s26p5) belongs to the halogen group and is located below iodine in the periodic table. One of its isotopes (211At) appears promising as a therapeutic agent in nuclear medicine (Ref.1) owing to the energy of the alpha particles emitted during the disintegration of its nucleus and its short physical half-life (7.2 h). Since there are no stable isotopes of astatine, the chemistry of this element remains poorly understood. Generally, At is supposed to behave as a halogen (Ref.2) but it has been shown recently in our group that astatine presents a metallic behaviour in aqueous solution: it notably exists as At+ and AtO+ species under the oxidation states +I and +III (Ref.3). At the present time, the number of studies dealing with the complexation properties of the cationic forms of astatine remains limited (Ref.4), owing to its low availability. In this work, we have investigated the reactions of AtO+ species with different hetero-atomic (N, S, O) model ligands. A combined approach based on experimental and theoretical studies has been used (Ref.5). On account of the difficulties of experimental investigations of astatine species, the reactivity of AtO+ was explored using a competition method founded on astatine distributions between two distinct phases. Furthermore, for each AtO+/ ligand complex, the nature of the species formed and the associated thermodynamic constants were determined by computational modeling (DFT calculations). In this framework, an original computational methodology was developed to take into account the specificities of astatine, notably the associated relativistic effects. The computed equilibrium constants have been confronted with the experimental results. This comparison demonstrates an outstanding coherence between experience and theory. Furthermore, the analysis of the results shows a key role of solvent effects on astatine chemistry. Lastly, a specific reactivity for the

  13. Some aspects of the organic, biological and inorganic chemistry of astatine

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Astatine has no stable isotopes and the radioactive isotopes with half-lives sufficiently long for chemical experiments (209At, 210At, 211At) must be produced artificially with a cyclotron or with a high energy accelerator by spallation of Th. This thesis deals with the synthesis and chemistry of At-compounds and the determination of some of their properties. (C.F.)

  14. Astatine-211 Pathway from Radiochemistry to Clinical Investigation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Particularly in clinical settings where tumour burden is low and cancers are located in close proximity to essential normal tissue structures, α-particle emitting radionuclides can offer significant advantages for targeted radionuclide therapy. One of the first alpha emitters to be evaluated for this purpose is the 7.2-h half-life radiohalogen Astatine-211 (211At). From a commercialization-potential perspective 211At, is less appealing than the longer half-life alpha particle emitters Radium-223, Actinium-225 and Thorium-227, which have become the focus of many laboratories. However, if methods for providing a better supply of 211At could be developed, this alpha emitter would be the radionuclide of choice for many potential therapeutic applications. With regard to the production of 211At, this can be readily be accomplished by bombarding natural bismuth targets with 28−29.5 MeV alpha particles via the 209Bi(α,2n)211At reaction. The goal is to utilize an alpha particle beam energy that provides the required balance for maximizing 211At production while minimizing creation of 210At, which is problematic because of its 138.4-day half life alpha-particle emitting daughter, 210Po. For most intended clinical applications, alpha particle beam energy of about 29 MeV offers the best compromise between maximizing yield and providing 211At with sufficient radionuclidic purity for clinical use. Clinically relevant levels of 211At have been produced at several institutions using both internal and external cyclotron targets

  15. An attempt to explore the production routes of Astatine radionuclides: Theoretical approach

    OpenAIRE

    Maiti, Moumita; Lahiri, Susanta

    2008-01-01

    In order to fulfil the recent thrust of Astatine radionuclides in the field of nuclear medicine various production routes have been explored in the present work. The possible production routes of $^{209-211}$At comprise both light and heavy ion induced reactions at the bombarding energy range starting from threshold to maximum 100 MeV energy. For this purpose, we have used the nuclear reaction model codes TALYS, ALICE91 and PACE-II. Excitation functions of those radionuclides, produced throug...

  16. Determination of the electron affinity of astatine and polonium by laser photodetachment

    CERN Multimedia

    We propose to conduct the first electron anity (EA) measurements of the two elements astatine (At) and polonium (Po). Collinear photodetachment spectroscopy will allow us to measure these quantities with an uncertainty limited only by the spectral linewidth of the laser. We plan to use negative ion beams of the two radioactive elements At and Po, which are only accessible on-line and at ISOLDE. The feasibility of our proposed method and the functionality of the experimental setup have been demonstrated at ISOLDE in o-line tests by the clear observation of the photodetachment threshold for stable iodine. This proposal is based on our Letter of Intent I-148 [1].

  17. Main: PPD202 [AT Atlas

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available cherichia coli Development of innovative methods to support membrane protein crystallization Hiroaki Kato Graduate School of Pharmace...utical Sciences, Kyoto University J. Mol. Biol. (1996) 8757792 PPD202.csml ...

  18. Study of Neutron-Deficient $^{202-205}$Fr Isotopes with Collinear Resonance Ionization Spectroscopy

    CERN Document Server

    De Schepper, Stijn; Cocolios, Thomas; Budincevic, Ivan

    The scope of this master’s thesis is the study of neutron-deficient $^{202−205}$Fr isotopes. These isotopes are inside the neutron-deficient lead region, a region that has shown evidence of shape coexistence. For this thesis, this discussion is limited to the phenomenon where a low lying excited state has a different shape than the ground state. Shape coexistence is caused by intruder states. These are single-particle Shell Model states that are perturbed in energy due to the interaction with a deformed core. In the neutron-deficient lead region the main proton intruder orbit is the 3s$_{1/2}$orbit. When going towards more neutron-deficient isotopes, deformation increases. The $\\pi3s_{1/2}$orbit will rise in energy and will eventually become the ground state in odd- A bismuth (Z=83) isotopes. It is also observed in odd-A astatine (Z=85) isotopes, already in less neutron-deficient nuclei. The same phenomenon is expected to be present francium (Z=87) isotopes already at $^{199}$Fr. Although it is currently ...

  19. 45 CFR 170.202 - [Reserved

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false 170.202 Section 170.202 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY STANDARDS... TECHNOLOGY Standards and Implementation Specifications for Health Information Technology § 170.202...

  20. 22 CFR 20.2 - Funding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Funding. 20.2 Section 20.2 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE PERSONNEL BENEFITS FOR CERTAIN FORMER SPOUSES § 20.2 Funding. Benefits under this part are paid from the Fund maintained by the Secretary of the Treasury pursuant to section 802 of the...

  1. 20 CFR 202.4 - Control.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Control. 202.4 Section 202.4 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD REGULATIONS UNDER THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT EMPLOYERS UNDER THE ACT § 202.4 Control. A company or person is controlled by one or more carriers, whenever there exists in...

  2. 48 CFR 9903.202 - Disclosure requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... ACCOUNTING STANDARDS CONTRACT COVERAGE CAS Program Requirements 9903.202 Disclosure requirements. ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Disclosure requirements. 9903.202 Section 9903.202 Federal Acquisition Regulations System COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS...

  3. 40 CFR 240.202-1 - Requirement.

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    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 24 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Requirement. 240.202-1 Section 240.202-1 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES GUIDELINES FOR THE THERMAL PROCESSING OF SOLID WASTES Requirements and Recommended Procedures § 240.202-1...

  4. 37 CFR 202.2 - Copyright notice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Copyright notice. 202.2 Section 202.2 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights COPYRIGHT OFFICE, LIBRARY OF CONGRESS COPYRIGHT OFFICE AND PROCEDURES PREREGISTRATION AND REGISTRATION OF CLAIMS TO COPYRIGHT § 202.2 Copyright notice....

  5. 49 CFR 384.202 - Test standards.

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    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Test standards. 384.202 Section 384.202... COMMERCIAL DRIVER'S LICENSE PROGRAM Minimum Standards for Substantial Compliance by States § 384.202 Test standards. No State shall authorize a person to operate a CMV unless such person passes a knowledge...

  6. 43 CFR 17.202 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Definitions. 17.202 Section 17.202 Public... OF THE DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Nondiscrimination on the Basis of Handicap § 17.202 Definitions. As... orthopedic, visual, speech, and hearing impairments, cerebral palsy, epilepsy, muscular dystrophy,...

  7. 7 CFR 20.2 - Administration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Administration. 20.2 Section 20.2 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture EXPORT SALES REPORTING REQUIREMENTS § 20.2 Administration. The regulations of this part will be administered by the Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) under the...

  8. 40 CFR 61.202 - Standard.

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    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 8 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Standard. 61.202 Section 61.202... EMISSION STANDARDS FOR HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS National Emission Standards for Radon Emissions From Phosphogypsum Stacks § 61.202 Standard. Each person who generates phosphogypsum shall place all phosphogypsum...

  9. 20 CFR 202.13 - Electric railways.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Electric railways. 202.13 Section 202.13... THE ACT § 202.13 Electric railways. (a) The Deputy General Counsel will require the submission of information pertaining to the history and operations of an electric railway with a view to determining...

  10. 7 CFR 25.202 - Strategic plan.

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    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Strategic plan. 25.202 Section 25.202 Agriculture... Procedure § 25.202 Strategic plan. (a) Principles of strategic plan. The strategic plan included in the application must be developed in accordance with the following four key principles: (1) Strategic vision...

  11. 42 CFR 56.202 - Application.

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    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Application. 56.202 Section 56.202 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS GRANTS FOR MIGRANT HEALTH SERVICES Grants for Planning and Developing Migrant Health Centers § 56.202 Application. To be approved by...

  12. 48 CFR 16.202-1 - Description.

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    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Description. 16.202-1 Section 16.202-1 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Fixed-Price Contracts 16.202-1 Description. A...

  13. 4 CFR 202.1 - Description.

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    2010-01-01

    ... 4 Accounts 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Description. 202.1 Section 202.1 Accounts RECOVERY ACCOUNTABILITY AND TRANSPARENCY BOARD OFFICIAL SEAL § 202.1 Description. (a) The official seal of the Recovery Accountability and Transparency Board (Board) is described as follows: The American Eagle, right facing,...

  14. 5 CFR 715.202 - Resignation.

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    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Resignation. 715.202 Section 715.202...) NONDISCIPLINARY SEPARATIONS, DEMOTIONS, AND FURLOUGHS Voluntary Separations § 715.202 Resignation. (a) General. An employee is free to resign at any time, to set the effective date of his resignation, and to have...

  15. 23 CFR 500.202 - TMS definitions.

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    2010-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false TMS definitions. 500.202 Section 500.202 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION TRANSPORTATION INFRASTRUCTURE MANAGEMENT MANAGEMENT AND MONITORING SYSTEMS Traffic Monitoring System § 500.202 TMS definitions. Unless...

  16. 42 CFR 447.202 - Audits.

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    2010-10-01

    ... ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS PAYMENTS FOR SERVICES Payment Methods: General Provisions § 447.202 Audits. The Medicaid agency must assure appropriate audit of records if payment is based on costs of services or on a fee plus... 42 Public Health 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Audits. 447.202 Section 447.202 Public...

  17. Unexpected Behavior of the Heaviest Halogen Astatine in the Nucleophilic Substitution of Aryliodonium Salts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guérard, François; Lee, Yong-Sok; Baidoo, Kwamena; Gestin, Jean-François; Brechbiel, Martin W

    2016-08-22

    Aryliodonium salts have become precursors of choice for the synthesis of (18) F-labeled tracers for nuclear imaging. However, little is known on the reactivity of these compounds with heavy halides, that is, radioiodide and astatide, at the radiotracer scale. In the first comparative study of radiohalogenation of aryliodonium salts with (125) I(-) and (211) At(-) , initial experiments on a model compound highlight the higher reactivity of astatide compared to iodide, which could not be anticipated from the trends previously observed within the halogen series. Kinetic studies indicate a significant difference in activation energy (Ea =23.5 and 17.1 kcal mol(-1) with (125) I(-) and (211) At(-) , respectively). Quantum chemical calculations suggest that astatination occurs via the monomeric form of an iodonium complex whereas iodination occurs via a heterodimeric iodonium intermediate. The good to excellent regioselectivity of halogenation and high yields achieved with diversely substituted aryliodonium salts indicate that this class of compounds is a promising alternative to the stannane chemistry currently used for heavy radiohalogen labeling of tracers in nuclear medicine. PMID:27305065

  18. Dicty_cDB: SSB202 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available SS (Link to library) SSB202 (Link to dictyBase) - - - Contig-U10253-1 SSB202E (Link... to Original site) - - - - - - SSB202E 465 Show SSB202 Library SS (Link to library) Clone ID SSB202 (Link to...ycdb.biol.tsukuba.ac.jp/CSM/SS/SSB2-A/SSB202Q.Seq.d/ Representative seq. ID SSB20...2E (Link to Original site) Representative DNA sequence >SSB202 (SSB202Q) /CSM/SS/SSB2-A/SSB202Q.Seq.d/ CATAA...98. 5. 2 Translated Amino Acid sequence *iyni*YINKMSSEDGIKKLLDAERTAQKIVADARQDRVQKLKKAVEEAEKEIKEFREKK DKEYKEXESKYLGASS

  19. Part I: $\\beta$-delayed fission, laser spectroscopy and shape-coexistence studies with astatine beams; Part II: Delineating the island of deformation in the light gold isotopes by means of laser spectroscopy

    CERN Document Server

    Andreyev, Andrei

    2013-01-01

    Part I: $\\beta$-delayed fission, laser spectroscopy and shape-coexistence studies with astatine beams; Part II: Delineating the island of deformation in the light gold isotopes by means of laser spectroscopy

  20. ASTATINE-211 RADIOCHEMISTRY: THE DEVELOPMENT OF METHODOLOGIES FOR HIGH ACTIVITY LEVEL RADIOSYNTHESIS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    MICHAEL R. ZALUTSKY

    2012-08-08

    Targeted radionuclide therapy is emerging as a viable approach for cancer treatment because of its potential for delivering curative doses of radiation to malignant cell populations while sparing normal tissues. Alpha particles such as those emitted by 211At are particularly attractive for this purpose because of their short path length in tissue and high energy, making them highly effective in killing cancer cells. The current impact of targeted radiotherapy in the clinical domain remains limited despite the fact that in many cases, potentially useful molecular targets and labeled compounds have already been identified. Unfortunately, putting these concepts into practice has been impeded by limitations in radiochemistry methodologies. A critical problem is that the synthesis of therapeutic radiopharmaceuticals provides additional challenges in comparison to diagnostic reagents because of the need to perform radio-synthesis at high levels of radioactivity. This is particularly important for {alpha}-particle emitters such as 211At because they deposit large amounts of energy in a highly focal manner. The overall objective of this project is to develop convenient and reproducible radiochemical methodologies for the radiohalogenation of molecules with the {alpha}-particle emitter 211At at the radioactivity levels needed for clinical studies. Our goal is to address two problems in astatine radiochemistry: First, a well known characteristic of 211At chemistry is that yields for electrophilic astatination reactions decline as the time interval after radionuclide isolation from the cyclotron target increases. This is a critical problem that must be addressed if cyclotrons are to be able to efficiently supply 211At to remote users. And second, when the preparation of high levels of 211At-labeled compounds is attempted, the radiochemical yields can be considerably lower than those encountered at tracer dose. For these reasons, clinical evaluation of promising 211At

  1. Dicty_cDB: SHG202 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available SH (Link to library) SHG202 (Link to dictyBase) - - - Contig-U11089-1 SHG202P (Link to Original site) SHG20...2F 580 SHG202Z 743 SHG202P 1303 - - Show SHG202 Library SH (Link to library) Clone ID SHG20...e URL http://dictycdb.biol.tsukuba.ac.jp/CSM/SH/SHG2-A/SHG202Q.Seq.d/ Representative seq. ID SHG20...2P (Link to Original site) Representative DNA sequence >SHG202 (SHG202Q) /CSM/SH/SHG2-A/SHG20... E Sequences producing significant alignments: (bits) Value SHG202 (SHG202Q) /CSM/SH/SHG2-A/SHG202Q.Seq.d/ 2

  2. 5 CFR 850.202 - Survivor elections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Survivor elections. 850.202 Section 850... (CONTINUED) RETIREMENT SYSTEMS MODERNIZATION Applications for Benefits; Elections § 850.202 Survivor elections. (a) A survivor election under subsection (j) or (k) of section 8339, or under section 8416,...

  3. 23 CFR 620.202 - Applicability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Applicability. 620.202 Section 620.202 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING AND TRAFFIC OPERATIONS ENGINEERING... governed by the requirements of 23 CFR part 710....

  4. 28 CFR 42.202 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... screening, recruitment, referral, selection, training, appointment, promotion, demotion, and assignment of... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Definitions. 42.202 Section 42.202 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE NONDISCRIMINATION; EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY; POLICIES...

  5. 48 CFR 30.202-6 - Responsibilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Statements are submitted. (Also see 48 CFR 9903.201-3 and 9903.202 (FAR appendix).) (b) The contracting... obtaining submission of the required Disclosure Statement (see 48 CFR 9903.202-2). In this event, the... as soon as possible after the award. (c) The cognizant auditor is responsible for conducting...

  6. 48 CFR 5.202 - Exceptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... electronically; or (14) The proposed contract action is made under conditions described in 6.302-3 with respect... § 5.202, see the List of CFR Sections Affected, which appears in the Finding Aids section of the... PUBLICIZING CONTRACT ACTIONS Synopses of Proposed Contract Actions 5.202 Exceptions. The contracting...

  7. 27 CFR 24.202 - Dried fruit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Dried fruit. 24.202... OF THE TREASURY LIQUORS WINE Production of Agricultural Wine § 24.202 Dried fruit. In the production of wine from dried fruit, a quantity of water sufficient to restore the moisture content to that...

  8. 40 CFR 86.202-94 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 18 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Definitions. 86.202-94 Section 86.202-94 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED... Later Model Year Gasoline-Fueled New Light-Duty Vehicles, New Light-Duty Trucks and New...

  9. 48 CFR 31.202 - Direct costs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Direct costs. 31.202... REQUIREMENTS CONTRACT COST PRINCIPLES AND PROCEDURES Contracts With Commercial Organizations 31.202 Direct costs. (a) No final cost objective shall have allocated to it as a direct cost any cost, if other...

  10. 48 CFR 2944.202-2 - Considerations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Considerations. 2944.202-2 Section 2944.202-2 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF LABOR CONTRACT MANAGEMENT... the contracting officer, and included in the contract file....

  11. 48 CFR 32.202-1 - Policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Policy. 32.202-1 Section 32.202-1 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION GENERAL CONTRACTING... liquidation provisions when required by 32.206(e). (c) Difference from non-commercial financing....

  12. 48 CFR 22.202 - Contract clause.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract clause. 22.202 Section 22.202 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION SOCIOECONOMIC... employment of convict labor; (b) The supplies or services are to be purchased from Federal Prison...

  13. 41 CFR 101-29.202 - Standard.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Standard. 101-29.202...-Definitions § 101-29.202 Standard. A standard is a document that establishes engineering and technical.... Standards may also establish requirements for selection, application, and design criteria so as to...

  14. 48 CFR 47.202 - Presolicitation planning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Presolicitation planning. 47.202 Section 47.202 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT... Presolicitation planning. Contracting officers shall inform activities that plan to acquire transportation...

  15. 40 CFR 600.202-77 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ....202-77 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) ENERGY POLICY FUEL ECONOMY AND CARBON-RELATED EXHAUST EMISSIONS OF MOTOR VEHICLES Fuel Economy Regulations for 1977 and Later Model Year Automobiles-Procedures for Calculating Fuel Economy Values § 600.202-77 Definitions....

  16. 48 CFR 202.101 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Service Acquisition and Contracting Branch Defense Threat Reduction Agency Acquisition Management Office... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Definitions. 202.101... OF DEFENSE GENERAL DEFINITIONS OF WORDS AND TERMS Definitions 202.101 Definitions....

  17. 12 CFR 202.4 - General rules.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act (E-Sign Act) (15 U.S.C. 7001 et seq.). Where the... Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM EQUAL CREDIT OPPORTUNITY... by §§ 202.5 and 202.13, in a form the applicant may retain. (2) Disclosures in electronic form....

  18. An all-solid state laser system for the laser ion sources RILIS and in-source laser spectroscopy of astatine at ISOLDE/CERN

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rothe, Sebastian

    2012-09-24

    This doctoral thesis describes the extension of the resonance ionization laser ion source RILIS at CERN/ISOLDE by the addition of an all-solid state tunable titanium:sapphire (Ti:Sa) laser system to complement the well-established system of dye lasers. Synchronous operation of the so called Dual RILIS system of Ti:Sa and dye lasers was investigated and the potential for increased ion beam intensity, reliability, and reduced setup time has been demonstrated. In-source resonance ionization spectroscopy was performed at ISOLDE/CERN and at ISAC/TRIUMF radioactive ion beam facilities to develop an efficient and selective three-colour ionization scheme for the purely radioactive element astatine. A LabVIEW based monitoring, control and measurement system was conceived which enabled, in conjunction with Dual RILIS operation, the spectroscopy of high lying Rydberg states, from which the ionization potential of the astatine atom was determined for the first time experimentally.

  19. An all-solid state laser system for the laser ion sources RILIS and in-source laser spectroscopy of astatine at ISOLDE/CERN

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This doctoral thesis describes the extension of the resonance ionization laser ion source RILIS at CERN/ISOLDE by the addition of an all-solid state tunable titanium:sapphire (Ti:Sa) laser system to complement the well-established system of dye lasers. Synchronous operation of the so called Dual RILIS system of Ti:Sa and dye lasers was investigated and the potential for increased ion beam intensity, reliability, and reduced setup time has been demonstrated. In-source resonance ionization spectroscopy was performed at ISOLDE/CERN and at ISAC/TRIUMF radioactive ion beam facilities to develop an efficient and selective three-colour ionization scheme for the purely radioactive element astatine. A LabVIEW based monitoring, control and measurement system was conceived which enabled, in conjunction with Dual RILIS operation, the spectroscopy of high lying Rydberg states, from which the ionization potential of the astatine atom was determined for the first time experimentally.

  20. 7 CFR 205.202 - Land requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) ORGANIC FOODS PRODUCTION ACT PROVISIONS NATIONAL ORGANIC PROGRAM Organic Production and Handling Requirements § 205.202 Land...

  1. 30 CFR 20.2 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... MINING PRODUCTS ELECTRIC MINE LAMPS OTHER THAN STANDARD CAP LAMPS § 20.2 Definitions. (a) Adequate.... Official notification in writing from MSHA to a responsible organization, stating that upon...

  2. 48 CFR 16.202-2 - Application.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Fixed-Price Contracts 16.202-2 Application. A firm-fixed-price contract is suitable for acquiring commercial items (see parts 2 and 12) or for acquiring other supplies...

  3. Radiobiological Effects of Alpha-Particles from Astatine-211: From DNA Damage to Cell Death

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Claesson, Kristina

    2011-05-15

    In recent years, the use of high linear energy transfer (LET) radiation for radiotherapeutic applications has gained increased interest. Astatine-211 (211At) is an alpha-particle emitting radionuclide, promising for targeted radioimmunotherapy of isolated tumor cells and microscopic clusters. To improve development of safe radiotherapy using 211At it is important to increase our knowledge of the radiobiological effects in cells. During radiotherapy, both tumors and adjacent normal tissue will be irradiated and therefore, it is of importance to understand differences in the radio response between proliferating and resting cells. The aim of this thesis was to investigate effects in fibroblasts with different proliferation status after irradiation with alpha-particles from 211At or X-rays, from inflicted DNA damage, to cellular responses and biological consequences. Throughout this work, irradiation was performed with alpha-particles from 211A or X-rays. The induction and repair of double-strand breaks (DSBs) in human normal fibroblasts were investigated using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis and fragment analysis. The relative biological effectiveness (RBE) of 211At for DSB induction varied between 1.4 and 3.1. A small increase of DSBs was observed in cycling cells compared to stationary cells. The repair kinetics was slower after 211At and more residual damage was found after 24 h. Comparison between cells with different proliferation status showed that the repair was inefficient in cycling cells with more residual damage, regardless of radiation quality. Activation of cell cycle arrests was investigated using immunofluorescent labeling of the checkpoint kinase Chk2 and by measuring cell cycle distributions with flow cytometry analysis. After alpha-particle irradiation, the average number of Chk2-foci was larger and the cells had a more affected cell cycle progression for several weeks compared with X-irradiated cells, indicating a more powerful arrest after 211At

  4. Dicty_cDB: SSG202 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available iyyyfiiip*isvlifffnnslrikrsgtslkk *fsasisy*rym*ss*fslkfgkl*tkeepm*ppipankqianvligliglvfaillpik apaippvkpalhincfgvtvypyrl*THFILSS...SS (Link to library) SSG202 (Link to dictyBase) - G01217 DDB0189352 Contig-U10594-1 | Contig-U15572-1 SS...G202P (Link to Original site) SSG202F 592 SSG202Z 223 SSG202P 815 - - Show SSG202 Library SS... (Link to library) Clone ID SSG202 (Link to dictyBase) Atlas ID - NBRP ID G01217 dictyBase ID DDB018935...cdb.biol.tsukuba.ac.jp/CSM/SS/SSG2-A/SSG202Q.Seq.d/ Representative seq. ID SSG202P (Link to Original site) R

  5. Measurements of 202Tl in vivo

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper measurements in vivo of the 440-keV γ-ray emitted by 202Tl (physical half-life 12.2 days) are reported. This isotope is a contaminant commonly present at a level of about 1% in cyclotron-produced 201Tl (physical half-life 3.0 days), which is injected as thallous chloride for nuclear cardiology studies. The observed effective half-life of thallium-202 falls within the range reported by other workers in a study of 201Tl retention by four patients over a period of two weeks. The important aspect of our data is that no additional component in the retention curve was observed for a period five times longer. The distribution of 202Tl in the body was determined by making profile scans with a slit-collimated detector. In general, 202Tl was observed in skeletal muscle and the viscera. No changes in the distribution were noted between scans made on days 3 and 21 post-injection. The excretion rate of 201Tl and the ratio of 202Tl to 201Tl were determined by analyzing 24-hour urine and fecal samples for γ-ray activity with a Ge(Li) detector in a standardized geometry. On day 15 post-injection, the urinary excretion was 1.5% of the body content, while the fecal excretion was 3.9%. The total, 5.4%, was in excellent agreement with the excretion rate of 5.6%/day predicted by the whole-body retention curve obtained for 202Tl.However, previous workers had assumed that fecal excretion is negligible. Our findings refute this assumption and imply that the radiation dose from 201Th received by the intestinal tract may be underestimated, and the dose to the bladder over-estimated, even though the whole-body dose may not be affected

  6. 23 CFR 450.202 - Applicability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PLANNING AND RESEARCH PLANNING ASSISTANCE AND STANDARDS Statewide Transportation Planning and Programming § 450.202 Applicability. The provisions of this subpart are applicable to States and any other organizations or entities (e.g., metropolitan...

  7. 23 CFR 230.202 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... disadvantaged business enterprise (DBE), all defined under 49 CFR part 23. This expanded definition is used only... businesses active in the highway program and contribute to the growth and eventual self-sufficiency of... for Minority, Disadvantaged, and Women Business Enterprises § 230.202 Definitions. (a)...

  8. 48 CFR 50.202 - Authorities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... EXTRAORDINARY CONTRACTUAL ACTIONS AND THE SAFETY ACT Support Anti-terrorism by Fostering Effective Technologies Act of 2002 50.202 Authorities. The following authorities apply: (a) Support Anti-terrorism by Fostering Effective Technologies Act of 2002 (SAFETY Act), 6 U.S.C. 441-444. (b) Executive Order 13286...

  9. 41 CFR 109-50.202 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... DISPOSAL AUTHORITIES 50.2-Math and Science Equipment Gift Program § 109-50.202 Definitions. As used in this... Centers, and Project Offices staffed by Federal employees. Education-related and Federal research... 74 (See 41 CFR 101-43.4801(d)), and other related equipment, which is deemed appropriate for use...

  10. 5 CFR 842.202 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM-BASIC ANNUITY Eligibility § 842.202 Definitions. In this subpart— Commuting area has the same meaning given that term in § 351.203 of this chapter. Minimum retirement age means an age based on an individual's year of birth, as follows: Year of Birth Minimum Retirement Age Before 1948...

  11. 12 CFR 202.2 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Credit Opportunity Act (title VII of the Consumer Credit Protection Act). (c) Adverse action. (1) The... extensions of credit of the types described in § 202.3(a)-(d). (h) Consumer credit means credit extended to a... other applicants. (o) Elderly means age 62 or older. (p) Empirically derived and other credit...

  12. Tank 241-C-202: Tank characterization plan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schreiber, R.D.

    1995-03-06

    This document is a plan which serves as the contractual agreement between the Characterization Program, Sampling Operations, and WHC 222-S Laboratory. Scope of this plan is to provide guidance for sampling and analysis of samples for tank 241-C-202.

  13. Tank 241-U-202 tank characterization plan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schreiber, R.D.

    1995-02-21

    This document is a plan which serves as the contractual agreement between the Characterization Program, Sampling Operations, and WHC 222-S Laboratory. The scope of this plan is to provide guidance for the sampling and analysis of samples for tank 241-U-202.

  14. 19 CFR 351.202 - Petition requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... to the Commission's regulations concerning the contents of petitions, currently 19 CFR 207.11. (b... DUTIES Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Procedures § 351.202 Petition requirements. (a) Introduction... merchandise is from a country that the Secretary has found to be a nonmarket economy country,...

  15. 42 CFR 422.202 - Participation procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM MEDICARE ADVANTAGE PROGRAM Relationships With Providers § 422.202 Participation procedures. (a) Notice and appeal rights. An MA organization that operates a coordinated care plan or network... to participation decisions. (2) Written notice of material changes in participation rules before...

  16. 5 CFR 724.202 - Notice obligations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... information regarding the No FEAR Act regulations, refer to 5 CFR part 724, as well as the appropriate offices... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Notice obligations. 724.202 Section 724..., internal agency electronic site, or Internet Web site). Each agency must publish the initial notice in...

  17. 31 CFR 202.6 - Collateral security.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... collateral security are addressed in 31 CFR part 380. For a current list of acceptable classes of securities and instruments described in 31 CFR part 380 and their valuations, see the Bureau of the Public Debt's... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Collateral security. 202.6...

  18. 5 CFR 930.202 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Definitions. In this subpart: Administrative law judge position means a position in which any portion of the... in civil service or pay status. Removal means discharge of an administrative law judge from the... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Definitions. 930.202 Section...

  19. 48 CFR 705.202 - Exceptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Section 705.202 Federal Acquisition Regulations System AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT ACQUISITION... head of the U.S. Agency for International Development has determined after consultation with the Administrator for Federal Procurement Policy and the Administrator of the Small Business Administration,...

  20. 17 CFR 202.8 - Small entity compliance guides.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Small entity compliance guides. 202.8 Section 202.8 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION INFORMAL AND OTHER PROCEDURES § 202.8 Small entity compliance guides. The following small entity compliance guides are available to the public from...

  1. 4 CFR 202.2 - Authority to affix seal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 4 Accounts 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Authority to affix seal. 202.2 Section 202.2 Accounts RECOVERY ACCOUNTABILITY AND TRANSPARENCY BOARD OFFICIAL SEAL § 202.2 Authority to affix seal. (a) The following officials of the Board are authorized to affix the official seal (including reproductions)...

  2. 48 CFR 9903.202-6 - Adequacy of Disclosure Statement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS CONTRACT COVERAGE CAS Program Requirements 9903.202-6 Adequacy of Disclosure... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Adequacy of Disclosure Statement. 9903.202-6 Section 9903.202-6 Federal Acquisition Regulations System COST ACCOUNTING...

  3. 48 CFR 9903.202-5 - Filing Disclosure Statements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS CONTRACT COVERAGE CAS Program Requirements 9903.202-5 Filing Disclosure... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Filing Disclosure Statements. 9903.202-5 Section 9903.202-5 Federal Acquisition Regulations System COST ACCOUNTING...

  4. 48 CFR 9903.202-8 - Subcontractor Disclosure Statements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Subcontractor Disclosure Statements. 9903.202-8 Section 9903.202-8 Federal Acquisition Regulations System COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS... COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS CONTRACT COVERAGE CAS Program Requirements 9903.202-8...

  5. 5 CFR 362.202 - Announcement, nomination, and selection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... for, as well as a clear interest in and commitment to, leadership in the analysis and management of.... 362.202 Section 362.202 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS PRESIDENTIAL MANAGEMENT FELLOWS PROGRAM Program Administration § 362.202 Announcement,...

  6. 20 CFR 202.15 - Railway labor organizations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Railway labor organizations. 202.15 Section 202.15 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD REGULATIONS UNDER THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT EMPLOYERS UNDER THE ACT § 202.15 Railway labor organizations. Railway labor organizations, national in...

  7. 36 CFR 905.735-202 - Gifts, entertainment, and favors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ..., entertainment, and favors. Pursuant to paragraph (b) of 5 CFR 735.202, the following exceptions to the... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Gifts, entertainment, and favors. 905.735-202 Section 905.735-202 Parks, Forests, and Public Property PENNSYLVANIA...

  8. 40 CFR 1065.202 - Data updating, recording, and control.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Data updating, recording, and control. 1065.202 Section 1065.202 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR POLLUTION CONTROLS ENGINE-TESTING PROCEDURES Measurement Instruments § 1065.202 Data updating,...

  9. 50 CFR 223.202 - Steller sea lion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Steller sea lion. 223.202 Section 223.202... Threatened Marine and Anadromous Species § 223.202 Steller sea lion. (a) General prohibitions. The... the eastern population of Steller sea lions: (1) No discharge of firearms. Except as provided...

  10. 37 CFR 202.1 - Material not subject to copyright.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Material not subject to copyright. 202.1 Section 202.1 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights COPYRIGHT OFFICE, LIBRARY OF CONGRESS COPYRIGHT OFFICE AND PROCEDURES PREREGISTRATION AND REGISTRATION OF CLAIMS TO COPYRIGHT § 202.1 Material...

  11. 48 CFR 214.202-5 - Descriptive literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Descriptive literature. 214.202-5 Section 214.202-5 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS... 214.202-5 Descriptive literature. (c) Requirements of invitation for bids. When brand name or...

  12. 46 CFR 550.202 - Type of information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Type of information. 550.202 Section 550.202 Shipping... Production of Information § 550.202 Type of information. In order to aid in the determination of whether... chartered by it, by type, source, value, and direction; (2) Information for a representative period on...

  13. 40 CFR 246.202-5 - Recommended procedures: Transportation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 24 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Recommended procedures: Transportation. 246.202-5 Section 246.202-5 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED... § 246.202-5 Recommended procedures: Transportation. Transportation to market may be supplied by...

  14. 40 CFR 246.202-3 - Recommended procedures: Market study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 24 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Recommended procedures: Market study. 246.202-3 Section 246.202-3 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED... § 246.202-3 Recommended procedures: Market study. An investigation of markets should be made by...

  15. 9 CFR 202.3 - Institution of proceedings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Institution of proceedings. 202.3 Section 202.3 Animals and Animal Products GRAIN INSPECTION, PACKERS AND STOCKYARDS ADMINISTRATION (PACKERS... PACKERS AND STOCKYARDS ACT Rules of Practice Applicable to Rate Proceedings § 202.3 Institution...

  16. 7 CFR 202.3 - Institution of proceedings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Institution of proceedings. 202.3 Section 202.3... RULES OF PRACTICE General § 202.3 Institution of proceedings. Any person having information of any... application requesting the institution of such proceedings as may be authorized under the Act....

  17. 22 CFR 202.1 - Definition of terms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Definition of terms. 202.1 Section 202.1...-PROFIT RELIEF AGENCIES § 202.1 Definition of terms. (a) The Administrator means the Administrator of the... rehabilitation supplies shipped in support of programs approved by AID as well as administrative supplies...

  18. 41 CFR 109-38.202-50 - Security.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Security. 109-38.202-50 Section 109-38.202-50 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management Regulations....202-50 Security. Unissued license tags shall be stored in a locked drawer, cabinet, or storage...

  19. Final Report for research grant "Development of Methods for High Specific Activity Labeling of Biomolecules Using Astatine-211 in Different Oxidation States"

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wilbur, D., Scott

    2011-12-14

    The overall objective of this research effort was to develop methods for labeling biomolecules with higher oxidation state species of At-211. This was to be done in an effort to develop reagents that had higher in vivo stability than the present carbon-bonded At-211-labeled compounds. We were unsuccessful in that effort, as none of the approaches studied provided reagents that were stable to in vivo deastatination. However, we gained a lot of information about At-211 in higher oxidation states. The studies proved to be very difficult as small changes in pH and other conditions appeared to change the nature of the species that obtained (by HPLC retention time analyses), with many of the species being unidentifiable. The fact that there are no stable isotopes of astatine, and the chemistry of the nearest halogen iodine is quite different, made it very difficult to interpret results of some experiments. With that said, we believe that a lot of valuable information was obtained from the studies. The research effort evaluated: (1) methods for chemical oxidation of At-211, (2) approaches to chelation of oxidized At-211, and (3) approaches to oxidation of astatophenyl compounds. A major hurdle that had to be surmounted to conduct the research was the development of HPLC conditions to separate and identify the various oxidized species formed. Attempts to develop conditions for separation of iodine and astatine species by normal and reversed-phase TLC and ITLC were not successful. However, we were successful in developing conditions (from a large number of attempts) to separate oxidized forms of iodine ([I-125]iodide, [I-125]iodate and [I-125]periodate) and astatine ([At-211]astatide, [At-211]astatate, [At-211]perastatate, and several unidentified At-211 species). Information on the basic oxidation and characterization of At-211 species is provided under Objective 1. Conditions were developed to obtain new At-211 labeling method where At-211 is chelated with the DOTA and

  20. 12 CFR 202.8 - Special purpose credit programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Special purpose credit programs. 202.8 Section... CREDIT OPPORTUNITY ACT (REGULATION B) § 202.8 Special purpose credit programs. (a) Standards for programs... to extend special purpose credit to applicants who meet eligibility requirements under the...

  1. 12 CFR 202.10 - Furnishing of credit information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Furnishing of credit information. 202.10... EQUAL CREDIT OPPORTUNITY ACT (REGULATION B) § 202.10 Furnishing of credit information. (a) Designation of accounts. A creditor that furnishes credit information shall designate: (1) Any new account...

  2. 5 CFR 891.202 - Change of election.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Change of election. 891.202 Section 891... (CONTINUED) RETIRED FEDERAL EMPLOYEES HEALTH BENEFITS Election and Change of Election § 891.202 Change of election. (a) When used in this section, “month” includes the 4-week period for which a retired...

  3. 29 CFR 530.202 - Piece rates-work measurement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Piece rates-work measurement. 530.202 Section 530.202 Labor... Piece rates—work measurement. (a) No certificate will be issued pursuant to § 530.101 of subpart B to an... different types of items produced using stop watch time studies or other work measurement...

  4. 7 CFR 22.202 - Federal unit responsibilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... members from Agriculture, Health, Education, and Welfare, Housing and Urban Development, Defense, Labor... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Federal unit responsibilities. 22.202 Section 22.202 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture RURAL DEVELOPMENT COORDINATION Roles and...

  5. 45 CFR 400.202 - Extent of Federal funding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Extent of Federal funding. 400.202 Section 400.202... CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES REFUGEE RESETTLEMENT PROGRAM Federal Funding Federal Funding for Expenditures for Determining Eligibility and Providing Assistance and Services §...

  6. 41 CFR 105-50.202-3 - Training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Training. 105-50.202-3....202-3 Training. (a) This training consists of the type which GSA is authorized by law to conduct for Federal personnel and others or which is similar to such training. (b) Descriptions of the...

  7. 5 CFR 837.202 - Annuities that terminate on reemployment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    .... 837.202 Section 837.202 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT (CONTINUED) CIVIL... disability annuitant whom OPM has found recovered or restored to earning capacity prior to reemployment... recovered or restored to earning capacity prior to reemployment, or whose disability annuity was...

  8. 48 CFR 30.202-5 - Filing disclosure statements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS ADMINISTRATION CAS Program Requirements 30.202-5 Filing disclosure statements. See 48 CFR 9903.202-5 (FAR appendix). ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Filing...

  9. 48 CFR 14.202-1 - Bidding time.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Bidding time. 14.202-1... AND CONTRACT TYPES SEALED BIDDING Solicitation of Bids 14.202-1 Bidding time. (a) Policy. A reasonable time for prospective bidders to prepare and submit bids shall be allowed in all invitations,...

  10. 10 CFR 490.202 - Acquisitions satisfying the mandate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ....202 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ALTERNATIVE FUEL TRANSPORTATION PROGRAM Mandatory State Fleet Program § 490.202 Acquisitions satisfying the mandate. The following actions within a model... operate on alternative fuels within four months after the vehicle is acquired for a State fleet; and...

  11. 20 CFR 416.202 - Who may get SSI benefits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Who may get SSI benefits. 416.202 Section 416..., BLIND, AND DISABLED Eligibility General § 416.202 Who may get SSI benefits. You are eligible for SSI... treatment was available or 36 months of SSI benefits on the basis of disability where drug addiction...

  12. 10 CFR 63.202 - Definitions for Subpart K.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Definitions for Subpart K. 63.202 Section 63.202 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) DISPOSAL OF HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES IN A GEOLOGIC REPOSITORY AT YUCCA MOUNTAIN, NEVADA Preclosure Public Health and Environmental Standards §...

  13. 7 CFR 1437.202 - Determining payments for prevented planting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Determining payments for prevented planting. 1437.202... ASSISTANCE PROGRAM Determining Coverage for Prevented Planted Acreage § 1437.202 Determining payments for prevented planting. (a) Subject to limitations, availability of funds, and specific provisions dealing...

  14. 12 CFR 1806.202 - Estimated award amounts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Estimated award amounts. 1806.202 Section 1806... BANK ENTERPRISE AWARD PROGRAM Awards § 1806.202 Estimated award amounts. (a) General. An Applicant shall calculate and submit to the Fund an estimated award amount as part of the Bank Enterprise...

  15. 7 CFR 1260.202 - Books and records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Books and records. 1260.202 Section 1260.202 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE BEEF PROMOTION AND RESEARCH...

  16. 20 CFR 718.202 - Determining the existence of pneumoconiosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    .... 718.202 Section 718.202 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT STANDARDS ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FEDERAL COAL MINE HEALTH AND SAFETY ACT OF 1969, AS AMENDED STANDARDS FOR DETERMINING COAL MINERS' TOTAL... roentgenograms for roentgenographic quality and in the use of the ILO-U/C classification for interpreting...

  17. 12 CFR 202.7 - Rules concerning extensions of credit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Rules concerning extensions of credit. 202.7... EQUAL CREDIT OPPORTUNITY ACT (REGULATION B) § 202.7 Rules concerning extensions of credit. (a) Individual accounts. A creditor shall not refuse to grant an individual account to a creditworthy...

  18. 48 CFR 1442.202 - Assignment of contract administration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Assignment of contract administration. (a) The decision to withhold normal individual contract administration... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Assignment of contract administration. 1442.202 Section 1442.202 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF THE...

  19. 40 CFR 266.202 - Definition of solid waste.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... disposal as defined in 40 CFR 261.2(c)(1), or burning for energy recovery as defined in 40 CFR 261.2(c)(2... 40 Protection of Environment 26 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Definition of solid waste. 266.202 Section 266.202 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID...

  20. 48 CFR 319.202-2 - Locating small business sources.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... small business concerns that can compete for the proposed requirement—see FAR 19.202, 10.001(2)(v), and... North American Industry Classification System (NAICs) code. This will assist the Government...

  1. 29 CFR 1603.202 - Administrative law judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... EXEMPT STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEE COMPLAINTS OF EMPLOYMENT DISCRIMINATION UNDER SECTION 304 OF THE GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEE RIGHTS ACT OF 1991 Hearings § 1603.202 Administrative law judge....

  2. 40 CFR 60.202 - Standard for fluorides.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Standard for fluorides. 60.202 Section... Industry: Wet-Process Phosphoric Acid Plants § 60.202 Standard for fluorides. (a) On and after the date on... facility any gases which contain total fluorides in excess of 10.0 g/Mg of equivalent P2O5 feed (0.020...

  3. 7 CFR 3560.202 - Establishing rents and utility allowances.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Establishing rents and utility allowances. 3560.202... Establishing rents and utility allowances. (a) General. Rents and utility allowances for rental units in Agency... Agency. (b) Agency approval. All rents and utility allowances set by borrowers are subject to...

  4. 5 CFR 250.202 - Office of Personnel Management responsibilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... REGULATIONS PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT IN AGENCIES Strategic Human Capital Management § 250.202 Office of Personnel... Governmentwide leadership and direction in the strategic management of the Federal workforce. (b) To execute this... to which human capital management strategies are integrated into agency strategic plans...

  5. 41 CFR 51-9.202 - Accounting of disclosures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Accounting of disclosures... RULES 9.2-Disclosure of Records § 51-9.202 Accounting of disclosures. (a) Except for disclosures made pursuant to paragraphs (a) and (b) of § 51-9.201 of this part, an accurate accounting of each...

  6. 48 CFR 819.202-71 - Additional contracting officer responsibilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... OF VETERANS AFFAIRS SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS SMALL BUSINESS PROGRAMS Policies 819.202-71 Additional..., contracting officers must perform the following functions in support of the small business program: (a) Make maximum use of small business source lists. (b) Assure that small business firms are identified...

  7. 48 CFR 30.202-8 - Subcontractor disclosure statements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... subcontractor's Disclosure Statement must be made in accordance with 48 CFR 9903.202-2 (FAR appendix). ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Subcontractor disclosure... GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS ADMINISTRATION CAS Program Requirements...

  8. 48 CFR 430.202-8 - Subcontractor Disclosure Statements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Subcontractor Disclosure... GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS ADMINISTRATION CAS Program Requirements 430.202-8 Subcontractor Disclosure Statements. (a) The Secretary, without the power to redelegate,...

  9. 30 CFR 202.350 - Scope and definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... ROYALTIES Geothermal Resources § 202.350 Scope and definitions. (a) This subpart is applicable to all geothermal resources produced from Federal geothermal leases issued pursuant to the Geothermal Steam Act of 1970, as amended (30 U.S.C. 1001 et seq.). (b) The definitions in 30 CFR 206.351 are applicable to...

  10. 48 CFR 14.202-5 - Descriptive literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Descriptive literature. 14... CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES SEALED BIDDING Solicitation of Bids 14.202-5 Descriptive literature. (a) Policy. Contracting officers must not require bidders to furnish descriptive literature unless it...

  11. 48 CFR 514.202-5 - Descriptive literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Descriptive literature... CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES SEALED BIDDING Solicitation of Bids 514.202-5 Descriptive literature... FAR 52.211-6 satisfies the requirement for descriptive literature....

  12. 29 CFR 779.202 - Basic concepts of definition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... leasing arrangements. On the other hand, the definition excludes from the “enterprise” activities only... RETAILERS OF GOODS OR SERVICES Employment to Which the Act May Apply; Enterprise Coverage Enterprise; the Business Unit § 779.202 Basic concepts of definition. Under the definition, the “enterprise” consists...

  13. 12 CFR 202.5 - Rules concerning requests for information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... entered into with, a court or an enforcement agency (including the Attorney General of the United States... control practices, intentions concerning the bearing or rearing of children, or capability to bear....5 Section 202.5 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL...

  14. 22 CFR 202.7 - Documentation required for reimbursement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... photostat) evidencing shipment from an eligible port of export as prescribed in § 202.2(a) to the port of... entry are not issued, an ocean or charter party bill of lading (or photostat) evidencing shipment from... copy of the through bill of lading evidencing shipment from an eligible port of export as prescribed...

  15. 31 CFR 592.202 - Evasions; attempts; conspiracies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Evasions; attempts; conspiracies. 592... Prohibitions § 592.202 Evasions; attempts; conspiracies. (a) Notwithstanding the existence of any rights or... contract entered into or any license or permit granted prior to July 30, 2003, any conspiracy formed...

  16. 31 CFR 596.202 - Evasions; attempts; conspiracies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Evasions; attempts; conspiracies. 596... REGULATIONS Prohibitions § 596.202 Evasions; attempts; conspiracies. Any transaction for the purpose of, or... set forth in this part is hereby prohibited. Any conspiracy formed for the purpose of engaging in...

  17. 48 CFR 34.202 - Integrated Baseline Reviews.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ...) The degree to which the management process provides effective and integrated technical/schedule/cost... SPECIAL CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING MAJOR SYSTEM ACQUISITION Earned Value Management System 34.202... inherent risks in offerors'/contractors' performance plans and the underlying management control...

  18. 27 CFR 31.202 - Possession of refilled liquor bottles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Possession of refilled... TRADE BUREAU, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY LIQUORS ALCOHOL BEVERAGE DEALERS Reuse and Possession of Used Liquor Bottles § 31.202 Possession of refilled liquor bottles. No person who sells, or offers for...

  19. 202例死产原因分析%Etiological Analysis of 202 Cases of Stillbirth

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈蔚琳; 罗雪梅; 刘欣燕; 刘俊涛

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨死产原因,为制定降低死产发生的措施提供依据.方法:回顾性分析北京协和医院2003年1月1日至2012年12月31日住院分娩的202例死产(≥20周)的临床资料,包括孕妇年龄、产次、母体合并疾病、胎儿情况、死产诊断孕龄和出生体重、胎儿和胎盘脐带病理等.结果:死产的原因依次为:母体因素60例,胎盘脐带因素48例,胎儿因素44例,不明原因50例.不明原因死产与初产、孕周有关(P<0.05);母体因素死产与孕周、出生体重、产次有关(P<0.05);胎儿因素死产与孕周相关(P<0.05).早期死产和晚期死产主要病因构成差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论:加强围生期保健,建立三级妇幼保健,早期筛查胎儿畸形、防治妊娠期并发症及合并症、妊娠晚期加强产前监护,及时发现胎儿生长受限等有助于减少死产的发生.

  20. Znf202 Affects High Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol Levels and Promotes Hepatosteatosis in Hyperlipidemic Mice

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vrins, C.L.J.; Out, R.; Santbrink, P. van; Zee, A. van der; Mahmoudi, T.; Groenendijk, M.; Havekes, L.M.; Berkel, T.J.C. van; Dijk, K.W. van; Biessen, E.A.L.

    2013-01-01

    Background: The zinc finger protein Znf202 is a transcriptional suppressor of lipid related genes and has been linked to hypoalphalipoproteinemia. A functional role of Znf202 in lipid metabolism in vivo still remains to be established. Methodology and Principal Findings: We generated mouse Znf202 ex

  1. 37 CFR 202.19 - Deposit of published copies or phonorecords for the Library of Congress.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... or phonorecords for the Library of Congress. 202.19 Section 202.19 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights COPYRIGHT OFFICE, LIBRARY OF CONGRESS COPYRIGHT OFFICE AND PROCEDURES PREREGISTRATION AND REGISTRATION OF CLAIMS TO COPYRIGHT § 202.19 Deposit of published copies or phonorecords for the Library...

  2. 37 CFR 202.24 - Deposit of published electronic works available only online.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... electronic works available only online. 202.24 Section 202.24 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights COPYRIGHT... COPYRIGHT § 202.24 Deposit of published electronic works available only online. (a) Pursuant to authority... or a phonorecord of an electronic work published in the United States and available only online...

  3. 49 CFR 1546.202 - Persons and property onboard the aircraft.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Persons and property onboard the aircraft. 1546.202 Section 1546.202 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued... CARRIER SECURITY Operations § 1546.202 Persons and property onboard the aircraft. Each foreign air...

  4. 49 CFR 1544.202 - Persons and property onboard an all-cargo aircraft.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Persons and property onboard an all-cargo aircraft. 1544.202 Section 1544.202 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued... SECURITY: AIR CARRIERS AND COMMERCIAL OPERATORS Operations § 1544.202 Persons and property onboard an...

  5. 24 CFR 100.202 - General prohibitions against discrimination because of handicap.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... discrimination because of handicap. 100.202 Section 100.202 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to... Against Discrimination Because of Handicap § 100.202 General prohibitions against discrimination because of handicap. (a) It shall be unlawful to discriminate in the sale or rental, or to otherwise...

  6. 37 CFR 202.22 - Acquisition and deposit of unpublished audio and audiovisual transmission programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... unpublished audio and audiovisual transmission programs. 202.22 Section 202.22 Patents, Trademarks, and... REGISTRATION OF CLAIMS TO COPYRIGHT § 202.22 Acquisition and deposit of unpublished audio and audiovisual... and copies of unpublished audio and audiovisual transmission programs by the Library of Congress...

  7. 48 CFR 312.202(d) - Market research and description of agency need.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Market research and description of agency need. 312.202(d) Section 312.202(d) Federal Acquisition Regulations System HEALTH AND... for the Acquisition of Commercial Items 312.202(d) Market research and description of agency...

  8. 49 CFR 172.202 - Description of hazardous material on shipping papers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... papers. 172.202 Section 172.202 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation PIPELINE AND... INFORMATION, TRAINING REQUIREMENTS, AND SECURITY PLANS Shipping Papers § 172.202 Description of hazardous material on shipping papers. (a) The shipping description of a hazardous material on the shipping...

  9. Alternative Evaluation for the REDOX (202-S) Plutonium Loadout Hood

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    N. R. Kerr

    1999-09-20

    Located in the 200 Areas is the inactive 202-S Reduction Oxidation (REDOX) Facility, which is managed by the Bechtel Hanford, Inc. Surveillance/Maintenance and Transition project. This facility is contaminated from nuclear material processes related to nuclear material separation from Hanford Site facility operations. This alternative evaluation report describes the alternatives and selection criteria based on the necessary protective requirements to maintain the REDOX Plutonium Loadout Hood in a safe and stable condition awaiting a final waste response action.

  10. Functional promoter variant in zinc finger protein 202 predicts severe atherosclerosis and ischemic heart disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frikke-Schmidt, R.; Nordestgaard, Børge; Grande, Peer;

    2008-01-01

    Objectives This study was designed to test the hypotheses that single nucleotide polymorphisms ( SNPs), in zinc finger protein 202 ( ZNF202), predict severe atherosclerosis and ischemic heart disease ( IHD). Background ZNF202 is a transcriptional repressor controlling promoter elements in genes...... involved in vascular maintenance and lipid metabolism. Methods We first determined genotype association for 9 ZNF202 SNPs with severe atherosclerosis ( ankle brachial index >0.7 vs. ...,998 controls. Finally, we determined whether g. -660A>G altered transcriptional activity of the ZNF202 promoter in vitro. Results Cross-sectionally, ZNF202 g. -660 GG versus AA homozygosity predicted an odds ratio for severe atherosclerosis of 2.01 ( 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.34 to 3.01). Prospectively...

  11. 高热惊厥202例%Clinical Analysis of 202 Cases of Children with Febrile Convulsion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟少珊; 马云翔; 陈凯珍

    2006-01-01

    目的研究高热惊厥(FC)患儿的临床特征及预后,以减少癫癎和智力低下的发生.方法回顾分析202例FC患儿的临床资料,包括发病年龄特征、与发热的关系、惊厥类型、基础疾病、治疗、惊厥发作次数及复发、家族史.结果 202例中首次发作年龄6个月~5岁占90.1%,其中1~3岁占61.9%;79.2%首次发作体温≥38.5 ℃;多为阵挛性惊厥,96.5%惊厥持续《15 min.其基础疾病以急性上呼吸道感染为主,大多预后良好,仅有少数转为癫癎.结论 FC多发生于6个月~5岁患儿,预后多良好,其防治在于控制惊厥,积极降温,必要时预防性使用抗惊厥药物.

  12. Znf202 affects high density lipoprotein cholesterol levels and promotes hepatosteatosis in hyperlipidemic mice.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos L J Vrins

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The zinc finger protein Znf202 is a transcriptional suppressor of lipid related genes and has been linked to hypoalphalipoproteinemia. A functional role of Znf202 in lipid metabolism in vivo still remains to be established. METHODOLOGY AND PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We generated mouse Znf202 expression vectors, the functionality of which was established in several in vitro systems. Next, effects of adenoviral znf202 overexpression in vivo were determined in normo- as well as hyperlipidemic mouse models. Znf202 overexpression in mouse hepatoma cells mhAT3F2 resulted in downregulation of members of the Apoe/c1/c2 and Apoa1/c3/a4 gene cluster. The repressive activity of Znf202 was firmly confirmed in an apoE reporter assay and Znf202 responsive elements within the ApoE promoter were identified. Adenoviral Znf202 transfer to Ldlr-/- mice resulted in downregulation of apoe, apoc1, apoa1, and apoc3 within 24 h after gene transfer. Interestingly, key genes in bile flux (abcg5/8 and bsep and in bile acid synthesis (cyp7a1 were also downregulated. At 5 days post-infection, the expression of the aforementioned genes was normalized, but mice had developed severe hepatosteatosis accompanied by hypercholesterolemia and hypoalphalipoproteinemia. A much milder phenotype was observed in wildtype mice after 5 days of hepatic Znf202 overexpression. Interestingly and similar to Ldl-/- mice, HDL-cholesterol levels in wildtype mice were lowered after hepatic Znf202 overexpression. CONCLUSION/SIGNIFICANCE: Znf202 overexpression in vivo reveals an important role of this transcriptional regulator in liver lipid homeostasis, while firmly establishing the proposed key role in the control of HDL levels.

  13. E202A、B换热器安全性分析%The Analysis of the Safe Reliability of the E202A,B Heat Exchanger

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王心吟; 邵清华; 路永明

    2001-01-01

    This paper analyzed the results of multiple testing of the E202A,B Heat Exchanger whose running time has exceeded the time limit,and calculated the strength of the shell,seal fitting and tube plate.On the basis of these,the remaining lifespan of the E202A,B Heat Exchanger was assessed at three years.%本文对超期运行的E202A、B换热器的多方面的检测结果进行了分析,并校核了壳体、封头和管板的强度,在此基础上估算出了E202A、B换热器的剩余使用寿命为三年。

  14. Znf202 Affects High Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol Levels and Promotes Hepatosteatosis in Hyperlipidemic Mice

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    C.L.J. Vrins (Carlos L.J.); R. Out (Ruud); P. van Santbrink (Peter); A. van der Zee (Anneke); T. Mahmoudi (Tokameh); M. Groenendijk (Martine); L.M. Havekes (Louis); Th.J.C. van Berkel (Theo); J.A.P. Willems van Dijk (Ko); E.A.L. Biessen (Erik)

    2013-01-01

    textabstractBackground: The zinc finger protein Znf202 is a transcriptional suppressor of lipid related genes and has been linked to hypoalphalipoproteinemia. A functional role of Znf202 in lipid metabolism in vivo still remains to be established. Methodology and Principal Findings: We generated mou

  15. 30 CFR 210.202 - How do I submit sales summaries?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... for these submissions. (2) If you submit sales summaries by paper copy, mail them to one of the... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false How do I submit sales summaries? 210.202... MANAGEMENT FORMS AND REPORTS Production and Royalty Reports-Solid Minerals § 210.202 How do I submit...

  16. 75 FR 16820 - Delegated Processing for Certain 202 Supportive Housing for the Elderly Projects

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-02

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT Delegated Processing for Certain 202 Supportive Housing for the Elderly Projects... 202 Supportive Housing for the Elderly projects. OMB Approval Number: 2502-New. Form Numbers:...

  17. 24 CFR 982.202 - How applicants are selected: General requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... but not limited to 24 CFR part 5, subpart L, protection for victims of domestic violence, dating... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false How applicants are selected: General requirements. 982.202 Section 982.202 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating...

  18. 5 CFR 315.202 - Conversion from career-conditional to career tenure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Conversion from career-conditional to career tenure. 315.202 Section 315.202 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS CAREER AND CAREER-CONDITIONAL EMPLOYMENT The Career-Conditional Employment...

  19. 30 CFR 243.202 - When will MMS monitor my financial solvency?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false When will MMS monitor my financial solvency? 243.202 Section 243.202 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS REVENUE MANAGEMENT SUSPENSIONS PENDING APPEAL AND BONDING-MINERALS REVENUE MANAGEMENT...

  20. 5 CFR 293.202 - Records subject to Office or agency Privacy Act regulations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Privacy Act regulations. 293.202 Section 293.202 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT... Records subject to Office or agency Privacy Act regulations. When the Office of Personnel Management publishes in the Federal Register a notice of system of records for personnel records which are...

  1. 7 CFR 767.202 - Real estate inventory property located in special hazard areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Real estate inventory property located in special hazard areas. 767.202 Section 767.202 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SPECIAL PROGRAMS INVENTORY PROPERTY MANAGEMENT Real Estate Property With Important Resources...

  2. 20 CFR 408.202 - How do you qualify for SVB?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false How do you qualify for SVB? 408.202 Section 408.202 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION SPECIAL BENEFITS FOR CERTAIN WORLD WAR II... date on which Pub. L. 106-169 was enacted into law). (b) World War II veteran. You are a World War...

  3. 37 CFR 202.23 - Full term retention of copyright deposits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Full term retention of copyright deposits. 202.23 Section 202.23 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights COPYRIGHT OFFICE, LIBRARY OF CONGRESS COPYRIGHT OFFICE AND PROCEDURES PREREGISTRATION AND REGISTRATION OF CLAIMS TO COPYRIGHT §...

  4. 41 CFR 50-202.3 - Learners, student learners, apprentices, and handicapped workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Learners, student learners, apprentices, and handicapped workers. 50-202.3 Section 50-202.3 Public Contracts and Property... handicapped workers. Learners, student learners, apprentices, and handicapped workers may be employed at...

  5. 42 CFR 84.202 - Air velocity and noise levels; hoods and helmets; minimum requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Air velocity and noise levels; hoods and helmets; minimum requirements. 84.202 Section 84.202 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH RESEARCH AND RELATED ACTIVITIES APPROVAL OF RESPIRATORY PROTECTIVE DEVICES Chemical...

  6. 20 CFR 25.202 - How is the Special Schedule applied for Japanese seamen?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... accordance with regulations promulgated, contained in 20 CFR parts 1-399, edition revised as of January 1... Japanese seamen? 25.202 Section 25.202 Employees' Benefits OFFICE OF WORKERS' COMPENSATION PROGRAMS... How is the Special Schedule applied for Japanese seamen? (a) The special schedule of...

  7. 5 CFR 630.202 - Full biweekly pay period; leave earnings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Full biweekly pay period; leave earnings. 630.202 Section 630.202 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE... biweekly pay period; leave earnings. (a) Full-time employees. A full-time employee earns leave during...

  8. 202例鼻骨骨折临床分析%Clinal analysis of 202 nasal bone fractures cases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟振华; 范西惠; 练状; 程泽星; 庄远岭

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨鼻骨骨折患者的性别、年龄、病因、诊断及治疗时机.方法:回顾性分析202例鼻骨骨折患者的临床资料.结果:202例患者中,男163例(80.7%),女39例(19.3%);52例患者受伤与饮酒有关,且均为男性.致伤原因:斗殴94例(46.5%),摔伤43例(21.3%),交通事故39例(19.3%),工作意外伤害13例(6.5%),运动伤害12例(5.9%),其他伤害1例(0.5%).季节分布:春季54例(26.7%),夏季42例(20.8%),秋季58例(28.7%),冬季48例(23.8%).应用鼻骨X线检查诊断鼻骨骨折的阳性率为79.7%,而CT检查诊断的阳性率为100%.结论:斗殴是鼻骨骨折发生的主要原因,男性占绝大多数,高发年龄20~29岁.CT检查在鼻骨骨折中的诊断有重要意义.

  9. 76 FR 55084 - Announcement of Funding Awards for the Section 202 Supportive Housing for the Elderly Program...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-06

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Announcement of Funding Awards for the Section 202 Supportive Housing for the Elderly... Availability (NOFA) for the Section 202 Supportive Housing for the Elderly Program. This announcement contains... Elderly Program is authorized by section 202 of the Housing Act of 1959 (12 U.S.C. 1701q), as amended...

  10. 30 CFR 202.555 - What portion of the gas that I produce is subject to royalty?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... subject to royalty? 202.555 Section 202.555 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS REVENUE MANAGEMENT ROYALTIES Gas Production From Indian Leases § 202.555 What... lease when the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) approves such off-lease use. (4) Gas used as plant...

  11. Base flow investigation of the Apollo AS-202 Command Module

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walpot, Louis M. G.; Wright, Michael J.; Noeding, Peter; Schrijer, Ferry

    2012-01-01

    A major contributor to the overall vehicle mass of re-entry vehicles is the afterbody thermal protection system. This is due to the large acreage (equal or bigger than that of the forebody) to be protected. The present predictive capabilities for base flows are comparatively lower than those for windward flowfields and offer therefore a substantial potential for improving the design of future re-entry vehicles. To that end, it is essential to address the accuracy of high fidelity CFD tools exercised in the US and EU, which motivates a thorough investigation of the present status of hypersonic flight afterbody heating. This paper addresses the predictive capabilities of afterbody flow fields of re-entry vehicles investigated in the frame of the NATO/RTO-RTG-043 task group. First, the verification of base flow topologies on the basis of available wind-tunnel results performed under controlled supersonic conditions (i.e. cold flows devoid of reactive effects) is performed. Such tests address the detailed characterization of the base flow with particular emphasis on separation/reattachment and their relation to Mach number effects. The tests have been performed on an Apollo-like re-entry capsule configuration. Second, the tools validated in the frame of the previous effort are exercised and appraised against flight-test data collected during the Apollo AS-202 re-entry.

  12. 20 CFR 725.202 - Miner defined; condition of entitlement, miner.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... establishing that he or she: (i) Has pneumoconiosis (see § 718.202), and (ii) The pneumoconiosis arose out of... pneumoconiosis contributes to the total disability (see § 718.204(c)); and (3) Has filed a claim for benefits...

  13. Influence of Gas Flow Rate on the Deposition Rate on Stainless Steel 202 Substrates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.A. Chowdhury

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Solid thin films have been deposited on stainless steel 202 (SS 202 substrates at different flow rates of natural gas using a hot filament thermal chemical vapor deposition (CVD reactor. In the experiments, the variations of thin film deposition rate with the variation of gas flow rate have been investigated. The effects of gap between activation heater and substrate on the deposition rate have also been observed. Results show that deposition rate on SS 202 increases with the increase in gas flow rate within the observed range. It is also found that deposition rate increases with the decrease in gap between activation heater and substrate. In addition, friction coefficient and wear rate of SS 202 sliding against SS 304 under different sliding velocities are also investigated before and after deposition. The experimental results reveal that improved friction coefficient and wear rate is obtained after deposition than that of before deposition.

  14. Sinaloense-202, nueva variedad de sorgo para el estado de Sinaloa Sinaloense-202, new sorghum cultivar for the State of Sinaloa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Alberto Hernández Espinal

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available La nueva variedad de sorgo Sinaloense-202 fue desarrollado en el Campo Experimental Valle de Culiacán del Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Forestales Agrícolas y Pecuarias y registrado con el número 2204-SOG-528-090209/C en el Catálogo de Variedades Factibles de Certificación de México. Esta variedad se adapta a las áreas productoras de sorgo para el estado de Sinaloa. Sinaloense-202 es una variedad de grano crema y se recomienda para condiciones de riego y temporal. El rendimiento promedio de la variedad es de 3 210 kg ha-1 de grano y 28 608 kg ha-1 de forraje verde, supera en promedio 8% y 18.1% respectivamente; el rendimiento de híbridos comerciales de compañías privadas, que se cultivan en la región bajo las mismas condiciones. Sinaloense-202 tiene mejor calidad bromatológica que los híbridos comerciales en el forraje, con un 8.3% de proteína y 59% de digestibilidad, supera en promedio 1.1% y 10% respectivamente, a los híbridos comerciales. Es tolerante a enfermedades que se presentan en la región, como son: ergot (Claviceps african, antracnosis (Colletotrichum graminícola, tizón de la panoja (Fusarium moniliforme y pudrición carbonosa del tallo (Macrophomina phaseolina.The new sorghum variety Sinaloense-202 was developed in the Culiacán Valley Experiment Station of the National Forestry, Agriculture and Livestock Research Institute and was registered with the number 2204-SOG-528-090209/C in the Catalogue of Feasible Varieties of Certification in México. This variety is adapted to sorghum-producing areas in State of Sinaloa, Mexico. The variety Sinaloense-202 has cream grain and is recommended either for irrigation and rainfall areas. The average yield of the variety is 3 210 kg ha-1 of grain and 28 608 kg ha-1 of green forage, which is 8% and 18.1%respectively; higher than the grain and fresh forage yield of commercial hybrids from private companies cultivated in the region. Sinaloense-202 has better bromatologic

  15. Formation of a "Cluster Molecule" (C20)2 and its thermal stability

    OpenAIRE

    Podlivaev, A. I.; Openov, L. A.

    2006-01-01

    The possible formation of a "cluster molecule" (C20)2 from two single C20 fullerenes is studied by the tight-binding method. Several (C20)2 isomers in which C20 fullerenes are bound by strong covalent forces and retain their identity are found; actually, these C20 fullerenes play the role of "atoms" in the "cluster molecule". The so-called open-[2+2] isomer has a minimum energy. Its formation path and thermal stability at T = 2000 - 4000 K are analyzed in detail. This isomer loses its molecul...

  16. 5 CFR 831.202 - Continuation of coverage for food service employees of the House of Representatives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... employees of the House of Representatives. 831.202 Section 831.202 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF... Continuation of coverage for food service employees of the House of Representatives. (a) Congressional employees who provide food service operations for the House of Representatives can elect to continue...

  17. 42 CFR 413.202 - Organ procurement organization (OPO) cost for kidneys sent to foreign countries or transplanted...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Organ procurement organization (OPO) cost for kidneys sent to foreign countries or transplanted in patients other than Medicare beneficiaries. 413.202...-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) Services and Organ Procurement Costs § 413.202 Organ procurement...

  18. Activation analysis of thallium in urine using the 203Tl(n,2n) 202Tl reaction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The method developed by the authors of thallium determination in human urine, based on the 203Tl(n,2n)202Tl reaction followed by chemical separation and measurement of the produced 202Tl by gamma spectrometry, is described. Its application in some cases of intoxication by thallium is reported. The advantages and limitations of the described technique are discussed. (author)

  19. 20 CFR 802.202 - Appearances by attorneys and other authorized persons; denial or authority to appear.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... officer of any corporate party or a member of any partnership or joint venture which is a party may... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Appearances by attorneys and other authorized persons; denial or authority to appear. 802.202 Section 802.202 Employees' Benefits BENEFITS REVIEW...

  20. 7 CFR 1728.202 - RUS Bulletin 1728H-702, RUS Specification for Quality Control and Inspection of Timber Products.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Standard for Wood Products—Structural Glued Laminated Timber for Utility Structures, available from ANSI...—Structural Glued Laminated Timber for Utility Structures, and ANSI/AITC A190.1-1983, American National... Control and Inspection of Timber Products. 1728.202 Section 1728.202 Agriculture Regulations of...

  1. 46 CFR 180.202 - Survival craft-vessels operating on oceans routes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Survival craft-vessels operating on oceans routes. 180... § 180.202 Survival craft—vessels operating on oceans routes. (a) Each vessel certificated to operate on an oceans route in cold water must either: (1) Be provided with inflatable buoyant apparatus of...

  2. 18 CFR 1304.202 - General sediment and erosion control provisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false General sediment and... OTHER ALTERATIONS TVA-Owned Residential Access Shoreland § 1304.202 General sediment and erosion control provisions. (a) During construction activities, TVA shall require that appropriate erosion and...

  3. 76 FR 53115 - Expansion of Foreign-Trade Zone 202; Los Angeles, CA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-25

    ... inviting public comment has been given in the Federal Register (75 FR 47536-47537, 08/06/2010) and the... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Foreign-Trade Zones Board Expansion of Foreign-Trade Zone 202; Los Angeles, CA Pursuant to its...

  4. 30 CFR 202.353 - Measurement standards for reporting and paying royalties and direct use fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... specifies delivery in terms of heat or thermal energy. (2) For geothermal resources for which royalty is..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS REVENUE MANAGEMENT ROYALTIES Geothermal Resources § 202.353 Measurement standards for reporting and paying royalties and direct use fees. (a) For geothermal resources used...

  5. 37 CFR Appendix A to Part 202 - Technical Guidelines Regarding Sound Physical Condition

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... be considered a copy “of sound physical condition” within the meaning of 37 CFR 202.22(d)(5), a copy... radiation. The copy shall also be free from excessive brittleness or stretching, from any visible flaking of... that meets industry standards for television screening. 2. Aural Quality. The sound channels or...

  6. 19 CFR 202.5 - Type of information to be developed at hearing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Type of information to be developed at hearing... INVESTIGATIONS INVESTIGATIONS OF COSTS OF PRODUCTION § 202.5 Type of information to be developed at hearing. Without excluding other factors, but with a view to assisting parties interested to present...

  7. 48 CFR 12.202 - Market research and description of agency need.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Market research and... Commercial Items 12.202 Market research and description of agency need. (a) Market research (see 10.001) is... standards issued by the Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board at 36 CFR part 1194...

  8. 48 CFR 32.202-3 - Conducting market research about financing terms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Conducting market research... 32.202-3 Conducting market research about financing terms. Contract financing may be a subject included in the market research conducted in accordance with part 10. If market research for...

  9. 29 CFR 2704.202 - Contents of application-where the applicant has prevailed.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Contents of application-where the applicant has prevailed... Information Required From Applicants § 2704.202 Contents of application—where the applicant has prevailed. (a) An application for an award under § 2704.105(a) shall show that the applicant has prevailed in...

  10. 76 FR 86 - Expansion/Reorganization of Foreign-Trade Zone 202, Los Angeles, CA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-03

    ..., filed 12/11/2009); Whereas, notice inviting public comment has been given in the Federal Register (74 FR... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Foreign-Trade Zones Board Expansion/Reorganization of Foreign-Trade Zone 202, Los Angeles, CA Pursuant...

  11. Men’s Suits Retail Sales in Top 22 BJ Department Stores Worth CNY202 million

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Beijing Aug.-Sales value of men’s suits in Beijing 22 mid-to-high range department stores in Aug. was CNY14.9342 million, according to Beijing Commercial Information Consultation Center. Accumulated sales value in Jan. Aug. was CNY202 million, 14.93% lower than the corresponding period last year.

  12. Characteristics of cesium accumulation in the filamentous soil bacterium Streptomyces sp. K202

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A filamentous soil bacterium, strain K202, was isolated from soil where an edible mushroom (Boletopsis leucomelas) was growing and identified as belonging to the genus Streptomyces on the basis of its morphological characteristics and the presence of LL-2, 6-diaminopimelic acid. We studied the existence states of Cs and its migration from extracellular to intracellular fluid in the mycelia of Streptomyces sp. K202. The results indicated that Cs accumulated in the cells through at least 2 steps: in the first step, Cs+ was immediately and non-specifically adsorbed on the negatively charged cell surface, and in the second step, this adsorbed Cs+ was taken up into the cytoplasm, and a part of the Cs entering the cytoplasm was taken up by an energy-dependent transport system(s). Further, we confirmed that a part of the Cs+ was taken up into the mycelia competitively with K+, because K+ uptake into the intact mycelia of the strain was significantly inhibited by the presence of Cs+ in the culture media. This suggested that part of the Cs is transported by the potassium transport system. Moreover, 133Cs-NMR spectra and SEM-EDX spectra of the mycelia that accumulated Cs showed the presence of at least 2 intracellular Cs states: Cs+ trapped by intercellular materials such as polyphosphate and Cs+ present in a cytoplasmic pool. - Research highlights: → Cs was taken up into the cells of Streptomyces sp. K202 via 2 steps. → The existence states of Cs accumulated in strain K202 were at least 2 types. → The localized Cs in the cells would be trapped by granules such as polyphosphate. → The localized Cs in the cells might involve in Cs detoxification of strain K202.

  13. 42 CFR 137.202 - What types of information will Self-Governance Tribes be expected to include in the reports?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false What types of information will Self-Governance Tribes be expected to include in the reports? 137.202 Section 137.202 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE... SELF-GOVERNANCE Operational Provisions Health Status Reports § 137.202 What types of information...

  14. 18 CFR 382.202 - Annual charges under the Natural Gas Act and Natural Gas Policy Act of 1978 and related statutes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... the Natural Gas Act and Natural Gas Policy Act of 1978 and related statutes. 382.202 Section 382.202... GENERAL RULES ANNUAL CHARGES Annual Charges § 382.202 Annual charges under the Natural Gas Act and Natural Gas Policy Act of 1978 and related statutes. The adjusted costs of administration of the natural...

  15. SOX9 regulates microRNA miR-202-5p/3p expression during mouse testis differentiation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wainwright, Elanor N; Jorgensen, Joan S; Kim, Youngha;

    2013-01-01

    differentiation. These microRNAs are expressed in a sexually dimorphic pattern as the primordial XY gonad differentiates into a testis, with strong expression in Sertoli cells. In vivo, ectopic expression of pri-miR-202 in XX gonads did not result in molecular changes to the ovarian determination pathway...... promoter that is sufficient to drive expression in XY but not XX fetal gonads ex vivo. Mutation of SOX9 and SF1 binding sites reduced ex vivo transactivation of the pri-miR-202 promoter, demonstrating that pri-miR-202 may be a direct transcriptional target of SOX9/SF1 during testis differentiation. Our...

  16. Evolutionary patterns of volatile terpene emissions across 202 tropical tree species

    OpenAIRE

    Courtois, Elodie A.; Dexter, Kyle G; Paine, Charles Eliot Timothy; Stien, Didier; Engel, Julien; Baraloto, Christopher; Chave, Jérôme

    2015-01-01

    International audience Plant responses to natural enemies include formation of secondary metabolites acting as direct or indirect defenses. Volatile terpenes represent one of the most diverse groups of secondary metabolites. We aimed to explore evolutionary patterns of volatile terpene emission. We measured the composition of damage-induced volatile terpenes from 202 Amazonian tree species, spanning the angiosperm phylogeny. Volatile terpenes were extracted with solid-phase micro extractio...

  17. 细菌性阴道病202例临床分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    应美娟

    2007-01-01

    细菌性阴道病(bacterial vaginosis,BV)临床上较为常见,近年来发病率有增加趋势。我们于2002年12月~2004年12月从我院妇科门诊患者中检查出202例BV患者,现将临床资料总结分析如下。

  18. "Pornographic content related to presentation of violence" - art. 202 § 3 of the Criminal Code (Poland)

    OpenAIRE

    Rosicki, Remigiusz

    2012-01-01

    The legal issue related to the so-called hard-core pornography (pornography using and presenting violence) has been generally presented on the example of the Polish Criminal Code. Of particular importance is art. 202, § 3, which defines criminal penalties for distribution, production, recording, importing, storage and possession of "hard pornography" (the text is limited to the analysis of pornography using and presenting violence).

  19. 75 FR 47536 - Foreign-Trade Zone 202-Los Angeles, CA; Application for Expansion

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-06

    ...). It was formally filed on July 30, 2010. FTZ 202 was approved on July 14, 1994 (Board Order 693, 59 FR 37464, 7/22/94), and expanded or reorganized on August 26, 1996 (Board Order 842, 61 FR 46763, 9/5/96), on July 9, 1999 (Board Order 1043, 64 FR 38887, 7 20 99), on April 30, 2004 (Board Order 1331, 69...

  20. 78 FR 64144 - 30-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Section 202 Supportive Housing for the Elderly...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-25

    ... the Elderly Application Submission Requirements AGENCY: Office of the Chief Information Officer, HUD... Title of Information Collection: Section 202 Supportive Housing for the Elderly Application Submission... in determining applicant eligibility and ability to develop housing for the elderly within...

  1. LPIC-2 Linux Professional Institute Certification Study Guide Exams 201 and 202

    CERN Document Server

    Smith, Roderick W

    2011-01-01

    The first book to cover the LPIC-2 certification Linux allows developers to update source code freely, making it an excellent, low-cost, secure alternative to alternate, more expensive operating systems. It is for this reason that the demand for IT professionals to have an LPI certification is so strong. This study guide provides unparalleled coverage of the LPIC-2 objectives for exams 201 and 202. Clear and concise coverage examines all Linux administration topics while practical, real-world examples enhance your learning process. On the CD, you'll find the Sybex Test Engine, electronic flash

  2. Clinical Analysis of 202 Cases of Extranodal NK/T-Cell Lymphoma%结外NK/T细胞淋巴瘤202例临床分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马超; 薄剑; 刘婷; 姚盛; 赵瑜

    2014-01-01

    本研究通过对202例结外NK/T细胞淋巴瘤分子生物学特征、治疗及预后状况分析,探讨该病的治疗策略及其预后影响因素.对2005年至2013年我院收治的202例结外NK/T细胞淋巴瘤患者临床及基因异常、治疗及预后状况进行了回顾分析.以Ann Arbor分期、B组症状、国际预后指标(IPI)、乳酸脱氢酶(LDH)、β2微球蛋白及MYC、HXO11、BCL-2基因表达作为研究参数,运用Kaplan-Meier方法进行生存分析,并采用COX回归分析模型进行预后的多变量分析.结果表明,全部病例5年的总生存(overall-survival,OS)率与无事件生存(event-free survival,EFS)率分别为61.9%和53.9%;采用放-化疗综合治疗的患者与使用单纯化学疗法的患者相比,OS率及EFS率均显著提高,两者比较有显著差异(P<0.05);携带BCL-2基因表达将明显降低患者的OS率和EFS率,该结果有统计学差异(P <0.05);COX回归分析模型多变量分析显示,Ann Arbor分期、BCL2基因高表达是独立的预后影响因素.结论:放-化疗综合治疗方法明显优于单纯化疗方法;Ann Arbor分期、BCL-2表达是结外NK/T细胞淋巴瘤独立的预后影响因素.

  3. 奥普尔HA202提高早花菜心产量的作用%Effects on OPAL HA202 Raising the Yield of Early Flower Brossica Chinensis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈跃进; 陈勇; 任敬民; 胡民强; 周娜芳

    2008-01-01

    用奥普尔(OPAL)HA202对早花菜心进行浸种和喷叶,以提高菜心产量.结果表明:施用OPAL HA202的菜心小区平均产量834g,比施用清水的对照增产41.4%,增产极显著,因为OPAL HA202增加了菜心的株高、叶片开展度、茎粗和茎叶干物重.与之对比施用吲哚丁酸(IBA)的菜心小区平均产量675g,比清水对照增产14.4%,增产不显著.

  4. Properties of the ionized gas in HH202. I: Results from integral field spectroscopy with PMAS

    CERN Document Server

    Mesa-Delgado, A; Esteban, C; García-Rojas, J; Luridiana, V

    2008-01-01

    We present results from integral field spectroscopy with the Potsdam multi-Aperture Spectrograph of the head of the Herbig-Haro object HH 202 with a spatial sampling of 1"x1". We have obtained maps of different emission lines, physical conditions --such as electron temperature and density-- and ionic abundances from recombination and collisionally excited lines. We present the first map of the Balmer temperature and of the temperature fluctuation parameter, t^2. We have calculated the t^2 in the plane of the sky, which is substantially smaller than that determined along the line of sight. We have mapped the abundance discrepancy factor of O^{2+}, ADF(O^{2+}), finding its maximum value at the HH 202-S position. We have explored the relations between the ADF(O^{2+}) and the electron density, the Balmer and [O III] temperatures, the ionization degree as well as the t^2 parameter. We do not find clear correlations between these properties and the results seem to support that the ADF and t^2 are independent phenom...

  5. Semipolar (202̅3) nitrides grown on 3C-SiC/(001) Si substrates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dinh, Duc V.; Presa, S.; Akhter, M.; Maaskant, P. P.; Corbett, B.; Parbrook, P. J.

    2015-12-01

    Heteroepitaxial growth of GaN buffer layers on 3C-SiC/(001) Si templates (4°-offcut towards [110]) by metalorganic vapour phase epitaxy has been investigated. High-temperature grown Al0.5Ga0.5N/AlN interlayers were employed to produce a single (202̅3) GaN surface orientation. Specular crack-free GaN layers showed undulations along [11̅0]{}3{{C}-{SiC}/{Si}} with a root mean square roughness of about 13.5 nm (50 × 50 μm2). The orientation relationship determined by x-ray diffraction (XRD) was found to be [1̅21̅0]GaN ∥[11̅0]{}3{{C}-{SiC}/{Si}} and [3̅034]GaN ∥[110]3C - SiC/Si . Low-temperature photoluminescence (PL) and XRD measurements showed the presence of basal-plane stacking faults in the layers. PL measurements of (202̅3) multiple-quantum-well and light-emitting diode structures showed uniform luminescence at about 500 nm emission wavelength. A small peak shift of about 3 nm was observed in the electroluminescence when the current was increased from 5 to 50 mA (25-250 A cm-2).

  6. OPTIMIZATION OF PROCESSING PARAMETERS IN ELECTROCHEMICAL MACHINING OF AISI 202 USING RESPONSE SURFACE METHODOLOGY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. SATHIYAMOORTHY

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper attempts to optimize the predominated machining parameters in Electro Chemical Machining (ECM of AISI 202 Austenitic stainless steel using Response Surface Methodology (RSM. The chosen material has been used in railway rolling stock. The selected influencing parameters are applied voltage, electrolyte discharge rate with three levels and tool feed rate with four levels. Thirty six experiments were conducted through design of experiments and central composite design in RSM was applied to identify the optimum conditions which turn into the best Material Removal Rate (MRR and Surface roughness (SR. The experimental analyses reveal that applied voltage of 16 V, tool feed rate of 0.54 mm/min and electrolyte discharge rate of 10 L/min would be the optimum values in ECM of AISI 202 under the selected conditions. For checking the optimality of the developed equation, MRR of 298.276 mm3/min and surface roughness Ra of 2.05 µm were predicted at applied voltage of 12.5 V, tool feed rate of 0.54 mm/min and electrolyte discharge rate of 11.8 L/min with composite desirability of 98.05%. Confirmatory tests showed that the actual performance at the optimum conditions were 291.351 mm3/min and 2.17 µm. The deviation from the predicted performance is less than 6% which proves the composite desirability of the developed models for MRR and surface roughness.

  7. Effect of contact interface configuration on electronic transport in (C20)2-based molecular junctions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Using first-principles calculations, we study the electronic transport properties in Au-(C20)2-Au molecular junctions with different contact interface configurations: point contact and bond contact. We observe that the transmission through the bond contact is considerably higher than that of point contact. Furthermore, the I–V characteristics are rather different. For the bond contact, we get a metallic behavior followed by a varistor-type behavior. While as for the point contact, the current increases very slowly in a nonlinear way and is one order of magnitude smaller than that of bond contact. We attribute these obvious differences to the distinct contact configurations. -- Highlights: ► The I–V properties of (C20)2 molecular devices are affected by contact configuration. ► As for the bond contact, metallic behavior in the low bias is observed. ► Varistor-type behavior and nonlinear I–V characteristic in the high bias are found. ► As for the point contact, the Landauer conductance greatly decreases. ► The current is one order of magnitude smaller than that of bond contact.

  8. Basal Cell Carcinomas in Gorlin Syndrome: A Review of 202 Patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizabeth A. Jones

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Gorlin syndrome (Naevoid Basal Cell Carcinoma Syndrome is a rare autosomal dominant syndrome caused by mutations in the PTCH gene with a birth incidence of approximately 1 in 19,000. Patients develop multiple basal cell carcinomas of the skin frequently in early life and also have a predisposition to additional malignancies such as medulloblastoma. Gorlin Syndrome patients also have developmental defects such as bifid ribs and other complications such as jaw keratocysts. We studied the incidence and frequency of basal cell carcinomas in 202 Gorlin syndrome patients from 62 families and compared this to their gender and mutation type. Our data suggests that the incidence of basal cell carcinomas is equal between males and females and the mutation type cannot be used to predict disease burden.

  9. 41 CFR 302-3.202 - If my immediate family member and I both transfer to the same official station, may we both claim...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... ALLOWANCE BY SPECIFIC TYPE Types of Transfers Relocation of Two Or More Employed Immediate Family Members... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false If my immediate family... for the same non-employee family member? 302-3.202 Section 302-3.202 Public Contracts and...

  10. 10 CFR 202.25 - Procedure where a decision concerning a demand is not made prior to the time a response to the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Procedure where a decision concerning a demand is not made prior to the time a response to the demand is required. 202.25 Section 202.25 Energy DEPARTMENT OF... is not made prior to the time a response to the demand is required. If response to the demand...

  11. Fabry-perot kinematics of hh 202-204 in the orion nebula: are they part of a big bipolar outflow?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Rosado

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta un estudio cinem atico de los objetos HH 202, 203 y 204 usando mapas de velocidad Fabry-Perot en H y [N II]. En el caso de HH 202 se encuentran nebulosidades que podr an estar asociadas a este objeto o bien, dada sus altas velocidades (superiores a 100 km s

  12. 7 CFR 202.44 - Proceedings under section 305(b) to determine whether foreign alfalfa or red clover seed is not...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... foreign alfalfa or red clover seed is not adapted for general agricultural use in the United States. 202...) FEDERAL SEED ACT FEDERAL SEED ACT RULES OF PRACTICE Rules Applicable to Other Proceedings § 202.44 Proceedings under section 305(b) to determine whether foreign alfalfa or red clover seed is not adapted...

  13. 6 CFR 37.71 - Driver's licenses and identification cards issued under section 202(d)(11) of the REAL ID Act.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY REAL ID DRIVER'S LICENSES AND IDENTIFICATION CARDS Driver's Licenses and Identification Cards Issued Under Section 202(d)(11) of the REAL ID Act § 37.71 Driver's licenses and identification cards issued under section 202(d)(11) of the REAL ID Act. (a) Except...

  14. 77 FR 64493 - Office of the Secretary of the Air Force Acceptance of Group Application Under Public Law 95-202...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-22

    ... Department of the Air Force Office of the Secretary of the Air Force Acceptance of Group Application Under Public Law 95-202 and Department of Defense Directive (DODD) 1000.20 AGENCY: The United States Air Force, DOD. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: Under the provisions of Section 401, Public Law 95-202 and DoD...

  15. 78 FR 9038 - Office of the Secretary of the Air Force Acceptance of Group Application Under Public Law 95-202...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-07

    ... Department of the Air Force Office of the Secretary of the Air Force Acceptance of Group Application Under Public Law 95-202 and Department of Defense Directive (DODD) 1000.20: U.S. and Foreign Employees of Air America, Inc. Under the provisions of Section 401, Public Law 95-202 and DoD Directive 1000.20,...

  16. Properties of the ionized gas in HH202 - I. Results from integral field spectroscopy with PMAS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mesa-Delgado, A.; López-Martín, L.; Esteban, C.; García-Rojas, J.; Luridiana, V.

    2009-04-01

    We present results from integral field spectroscopy with the Potsdam Multi-Aperture Spectrograph of the head of the Herbig-Haro (HH) object HH202 with a spatial sampling of 1 × 1arcsec2. We have obtained maps of different emission lines, physical conditions - such as electron temperature and density - and ionic abundances from recombination and collisionally excited lines. We present the first map of the Balmer temperature and of the temperature fluctuation parameter, t2. We have calculated the t2 in the plane of the sky, which is substantially smaller than that determined along the line of sight. We have mapped the abundance discrepancy factor (ADF) of O2+, ADF(O2+), finding its maximum value at the HH202-S position. We have explored the relations between the ADF(O2+) and the electron density, the Balmer and [OIII] temperatures, the ionization degree as well as the t2 parameter. We do not find clear correlations between these properties and the results seem to support that the ADF and t2 are independent phenomena. We have found a weak negative correlation between the O2+ abundance determined from recombination lines and the temperature, which is the expected behaviour in an ionized nebula, hence it seems that there is no evidence for the presence of supermetal-rich droplets in HII regions. Based on observations collected at the Centro Astronómico Hispano Alemán (CAHA) at Calar Alto, operated jointly by the Max-Planck Institut für Astronomie and the Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (CSIC). E-mail: amd@iac.es

  17. 48 CFR 619.202-70 - The Department of State Mentor-Protégé Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ...) Definitions. The definitions of small business (SB), HUBZone small business concern (HUBZone), small...; (iii) Overall business management/planning; (iv) Business development; and, (v) Technical assistance... OF STATE SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS SMALL BUSINESS PROGRAMS Policies 619.202-70 The Department of...

  18. 9 CFR 93.202 - Inspection of certain aircraft and other means of conveyance and shipping containers thereon...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... other means of conveyance and shipping containers thereon; unloading, cleaning, and disinfection...; REQUIREMENTS FOR MEANS OF CONVEYANCE AND SHIPPING CONTAINERS Poultry § 93.202 Inspection of certain aircraft and other means of conveyance and shipping containers thereon; unloading, cleaning, and...

  19. 20 CFR 703.202 - Identification of significant gaps in State guaranty fund coverage for LHWCA obligations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... RELATED STATUTES INSURANCE REGULATIONS Insurance Carrier Security Deposit Requirements § 703.202... guaranty fund secures the insurance carrier's LHWCA obligations in that State. When evaluating State...) Ocean marine exclusions; (5) Employer size and viability provisions; and (6) Financial strength of...

  20. Search for Charged Higgs Bosons in $e^{+} e^{-}$ Collisions at $\\sqrt{s}$=189-202 GeV

    CERN Document Server

    Abdallah, J; Adam, W; Adzic, P; Albrecht, T; Alderweireld, T; Alemany-Fernandez, R; Allmendinger, T; Allport, P P; Almehed, S; Amaldi, Ugo; Amapane, N; Amato, S; Anashkin, E; Andreazza, A; Andringa, S; Anjos, N; Antilogus, P; Apel, W D; Arnoud, Y; Ask, S; Åsman, B; Augustin, J E; Augustinus, A; Baillon, Paul; Ballestrero, A; Bambade, P; Barbier, R; Bardin, Dimitri Yuri; Barker, G; Baroncelli, A; Battaglia, Marco; Baubillier, M; Becks, K H; Begalli, M; Behrmann, A; Bellunato, T F; Benekos, N C; Benvenuti, Alberto C; Bérat, C; Berggren, M; Berntzon, L; Bertrand, D; Besançon, M; Besson, N; Bloch, D; Blom, M; Bonesini, M; Boonekamp, M; Booth, P S L; Borisov, G; Botner, O; Bouquet, B; Bowcock, T J V; Boyko, I; Bracko, M; Brenner, R; Brodet, E; Brodzicka, J; Brückman, P; Brunet, J M; Bugge, L; Buschmann, P; Calvi, M; Camporesi, T; Canale, V; Carena, F; Carimalo, C; Castro, N; Cavallo, F R; Chapkin, M M; Charpentier, P; Checchia, P; Chierici, R; Shlyapnikov, P; Chung, S U; Cieslik, K; Collins, P; Contri, R; Cosme, G; Cossutti, F; Costa, M J; Crawley, B; Crennell, D J; Cuevas-Maestro, J; D'Hondt, J; Dalmau, J; Da Silva, T; Da Silva, W; Della Ricca, G; De Angelis, A; de Boer, Wim; De Clercq, C; De Lotto, B; De Maria, N; De Min, A; De Paula, L S; Di Ciaccio, Lucia; Di Simone, A; Doroba, K; Drees, J; Dris, M; Eigen, G; Ekelöf, T J C; Ellert, M; Elsing, M; Espirito-Santo, M C; Fanourakis, G K; Fassouliotis, D; Feindt, Michael; Fernández, J; Ferrer, A; Ferro, F; Flagmeyer, U; Föth, H; Fokitis, E; Fulda-Quenzer, F; Fuster, J A; Gandelman, M; García, C; Gavillet, P; Gazis, E N; Gelé, D; Geralis, T; Gokieli, R; Golob, B; Gómez-Ceballos, G; Gonçalves, P; Graziani, E; Grosdidier, G; Grzelak, K; Guy, J; Haag, C; Hahn, F; Hahn, S; Hallgren, A; Hamacher, K; Hamilton, K; Hansen, J; Haug, S; Hauler, F; Hedberg, V; Hennecke, M; Herr, H; Holmgren, S O; Holt, P J; Houlden, M A; Hultqvist, K; Jackson, J N; Jalocha, P; Jarlskog, C; Jarlskog, G; Jarry, P; Jeans, D; Johansson, E K; Johansson, P D; Jonsson, P; Joram, C; Jungermann, L; Kapusta, F; Katsanevas, S; Katsoufis, E C; Keränen, R; Kernel, G; Kersevan, Borut P; Kiiskinen, A P; King, B T; Kjaer, N J; Kluit, P M; Kokkinias, P; Kourkoumelis, C; Kuznetsov, O; Krumshtein, Z; Kucharczyk, M; Kurowska, J; Laforge, B; Lamsa, J; Leder, Gerhard; Ledroit, F; Leinonen, L; Leitner, R; Lemonne, J; Lenzen, Georg; Lepeltier, V; Lesiak, T; Liebig, W; Liko, D; Lipniacka, A; Lopes, J H; López, J M; Loukas, D; Lutz, P; Lyons, L; MacNaughton, J N; Malek, A; Maltezos, S; Mandl, F; Marco, J; Marco, R; Maréchal, B; Margoni, M; Marin, J C; Mariotti, C; Markou, A; Martínez-Rivero, C; Masik, J; Mastroyiannopoulos, N; Matorras, F; Matteuzzi, C; Mazzucato, F; Mazzucato, M; McNulty, R; Meroni, C; Meyer, W T; Migliore, E; Mitaroff, Winfried A; Mjörnmark, U; Moa, T; Moch, M; Mönig, K; Monge, R; Montenegro, J; Moraes, D; Moreno, S; Morettini, P; Müller, U; Münich, K; Mulders, M; Mundim, L M; Murray, W; Muryn, B; Myatt, Gerald; Myklebust, T; Nassiakou, M; Navarria, Francesco Luigi; Nawrocki, K; Némécek, S; Nicolaidou, R; Niezurawski, P; Nikolenko, M; Nygren, A; Oblakowska-Mucha, A; Obraztsov, V F; Olshevskii, A G; Onofre, A; Orava, Risto; Österberg, K; Ouraou, A; Oyanguren, A; Paganoni, M; Paiano, S; Palacios, J P; Palka, H; Papadopoulou, T D; Pape, L; Parkes, C; Parodi, F; Parzefall, U; Passeri, A; Passon, O; Peralta, L; Perepelitsa, V F; Perrotta, A; Petrolini, A; Piedra, J; Pieri, L; Pierre, F; Pimenta, M; Piotto, E; Podobnik, T; Poireau, V; Pol, M E; Polok, G; Poropat, P; Pozdnyakov, V; Privitera, P; Pukhaeva, N; Pullia, Antonio; Rames, J; Ramler, L; Read, A; Rebecchi, P; Rehn, J; Reid, D; Reinhardt, R; Renton, P B; Richard, F; Rídky, J; Ripp-Baudot, I; Rodríguez, D; Romero, A; Ronchese, P; Rosenberg, E I; Roudeau, Patrick; Rovelli, T; Ruhlmann-Kleider, V; Ryabtchikov, D; Sadovskii, A; Salmi, L; Salt, J; Savoy-Navarro, Aurore; Schwanda, C; Schwering, B; Schwickerath, U; Segar, A; Sekulin, R L; Siebel, M; Sissakian, A N; Smadja, G; Smirnova, O G; Sokolov, A; Sopczak, André; Sosnowski, R; Spassoff, Tz; Stanitzki, M; Stocchi, A; Strauss, J; Stugu, B; Szczekowski, M; Szeptycka, M; Szumlak, T; Tabarelli de Fatis, T; Taffard, A C; Tegenfeldt, F; Terranova, F; Timmermans, J; Tinti, N; Tkatchev, L G; Tobin, M; Todorovova, S; Tomé, B; Tonazzo, A; Tortosa, P; Travnicek, P; Treille, D; Tristram, G; Trochimczuk, M; Troncon, C; Turluer, M L; Tyapkin, I A; Tyapkin, P; Tzamarias, S; Ullaland, O; Uvarov, V; Valenti, G; van Dam, P; Van Eldik, J; Van Lysebetten, A; Van Remortel, N; Van Vulpen, I B; Vegni, G; Veloso, F; Venus, W A; Verbeure, F; Verdier, P; Verzi, V; Vilanova, D; Vitale, L; Vrba, V; Wahlen, H; Washbrook, A J; Weiser, C; Wicke, D; Wickens, J H; Wilkinson, G R; Winter, M; Witek, M; Yushchenko, O P; Zalewska-Bak, A; Zalewski, Piotr; Zavrtanik, D; Zimin, N I; Zinchenko, A I; Zoller, P; Zupan, M

    2002-01-01

    A search for pair-produced charged Higgs bosons was performed in the high energy data collected by the DELPHI detector at LEP II at centre-of-mass energies from 189~GeV to 202~GeV\\@. The three different final states, $\\tau \

  1. p202, an interferon-inducible negative regulator of cell growth, is a target of the adenovirus E1A protein.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xin, H; D'Souza, S; Fang, L; Lengyel, P; Choubey, D

    2001-10-18

    Studies have revealed that human adenovirus-encoded E1A protein promotes cell proliferation through the targeted interaction with cellular proteins that act as key negative regulators of cell growth. The targets of E1A protein include the retinoblastoma tumor suppressor protein (pRb). Because p202, an interferon (IFN)-inducible murine protein (52-kDa), negatively regulates cell growth in part through the pRb/E2F pathway, we tested whether the p202 is a target of the adenovirus-encoded E1A protein for functional inactivation. Here we report that the expression of E1A protein overcame p202-mediated inhibition of cell growth and this correlated with an alleviation of p202-mediated inhibition of the transcriptional activity of E2F. Furthermore, E1A protein relieved p202-mediated inhibition of the specific DNA-binding activity of E2F complexes, including those containing the pocket proteins. Additionally, the E1A protein bound to p202 both in vitro and in vivo and a deletion of four amino acids in the conserved region 2 (CR2) of E1A protein significantly reduced the binding of E1A to p202. Interestingly, ectopic expression of p202 under reduced serum conditions significantly reduced E1A-mediated apoptosis. Taken together, our observations provide support to the idea that the p202 and adenovirus E1A protein functionally counteract each other and E1A protein targets p202 to promote cell proliferation. PMID:11687962

  2. Identification of a negative feedback loop between cyclic di-GMP-induced levels of IFI16 and p202 cytosolic DNA sensors and STING.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Panchanathan, Ravichandran; Liu, Hongzhu; Xin, Duan; Choubey, Divaker

    2014-10-01

    A host type I IFN response is induced by cytosolic sensing of the bacterial second messenger cyclic-di-GMP (c-di-GMP) by STING (stimulator of IFN genes). Because the STING, an adaptor protein, links the cytosolic detection of DNA by the cytosolic DNA sensors such as the IFN-inducible human IFI16 and murine p202 proteins to the TBK1/IRF3 axis, we investigated whether c-di-GMP-induced signaling could regulate expression of IFI16 and p202 proteins. Here, we report that activation of c-di-GMP-induced signaling in human and murine cells increased steady-state levels of IFI16 and p202 proteins. The increase was c-di-GMP concentration- and time-dependent. Unexpectedly, treatment of cells with type I IFN decreased levels of the adaptor protein STING. Therefore, we investigated whether the IFI16 or p202 protein could regulate the expression of STING and activation of the TBK1/IRF3 axis. We found that constitutive knockdown of IFI16 or p202 expression in cells increased steady-state levels of STING. Additionally, the knockdown of IFI16 resulted in activation of the TBK1/IRF3 axis. Accordingly, increased levels of the IFI16 or p202 protein in cells decreased STING levels. Together, our observations identify a novel negative feedback loop between c-di-GMP-induced levels of IFI16 and p202 cytosolic DNA sensors and the adaptor protein STING.

  3. Surgical Management of Congenital Club Foot: A Report of 202 Cases%先天性马蹄内翻足202例的手术治疗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴守义; 陈瑾瑛; 孙惠方; 汪启筹; 杨根兴

    1982-01-01

    @@ 先天性马蹄内翻足非手术疗法的效果并不理想,复发率在40~80%之间.近年,对于此病的治疗趋向于早期手术,窦柯(Turco)认为约有50%需手术治疗.%From Jan.1963 till April 1979,this hos pital admitted 202 cases of congenital club foot.Most of these are resistant club foot.Clinical data were as follows:Ratio be tween male and female being 2:1,bilateral cases 104,unilateral 98.In unilateral cases,left sided 41,right sided 57,and totally 306 club feet in all.Method of surgical manage ment consists of the following:(1)Lengthen tendo.Achilles,capsulotomy of ankle and sub talar joint:Mostly used in infants below one year of age.For those above one year old,tiblalis posticous tendon was tenotomi sed.This group consisted ef 175 operations.(2)Medial release operation(Brockman):This was used in children between 2-4 years of age,deformity more marked.totally 102 operations.(3)Calcaneo-Cuboid fusion:This operation was used in children aged 4 to 8 and mostly with bony changes,there were 37 operations.(4)Triple arthrodesis;Mostly used in children between 10-12 with severe bony deformities or other operations had failed.There were 20 operations in this group.(5)Tendon transfer including lengthe ning of Tendon Achilles,Steindler's strip operations:These were used for children be tween 7-10 with mild deformities or forefoot varus case.There were 10 operations here.Follow up in this series average 6 yrs 11 months,varying from the shortest 6 months to the longest 17 yrs 1 month.The results were graded according to good-foot flat,no deformity,normal motion and gait.There were 70 cases(46%).Fair-deformity corre cted with still some varus of heel below 10 mild equinus,forefoot less than 10 varus.These deformities are all flexible,corrected easily with manipulation,gait was normal.There were 52 cases in this group(34.2%).Poor deformity still present with heel varus,fore foot varus,and equinus all

  4. Evolutionary patterns of volatile terpene emissions across 202 tropical tree species.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Courtois, Elodie A; Dexter, Kyle G; Paine, Charles Eliot Timothy; Stien, Didier; Engel, Julien; Baraloto, Christopher; Chave, Jérôme

    2016-05-01

    Plant responses to natural enemies include formation of secondary metabolites acting as direct or indirect defenses. Volatile terpenes represent one of the most diverse groups of secondary metabolites. We aimed to explore evolutionary patterns of volatile terpene emission. We measured the composition of damage-induced volatile terpenes from 202 Amazonian tree species, spanning the angiosperm phylogeny. Volatile terpenes were extracted with solid-phase micro extraction and desorbed in a gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for compound identification. The chemical diversity of the terpene blend showed a strong phylogenetic signal as closely related species emitted a similar number of compounds. Closely related species also tended to have compositionally similar blends, although this relationship was weak. Meanwhile, the ability to emit a given compound showed no significant phylogenetic signal for 200 of 286 compounds, indicating a high rate of diversification in terpene synthesis and/or great variability in their expression. Three lineages (Magnoliales, Laurales, and Sapindales) showed exceptionally high rates of terpene diversification. Of the 70 compounds found in >10% of their species, 69 displayed significant correlated evolution with at least one other compound. These results provide insights into the complex evolutionary history of volatile terpenes in angiosperms, while highlighting the need for further research into this important class of compounds. PMID:27069586

  5. Parametric Data Modeling and Experimental Approach for Spot Weldment in SS202

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. K.Sahoo

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The interest of data modeling of process parameters in now a days based broadly upon numerical methods .variations in parametric set can be experimented for finding an optimized or desired value for a output property. This paper is to expose the experimental design approach to process parameter optimization of spot welding process for SS202.The objective of this experiment is to investigate the welding parameters performance in tensile shear failure strength and to optimize the parametric set for highest tensile strength achievable. From the experimental data achieved, the parametric relation between tensile shear stress and the parameters were found out using regression analysis .The optimum value for the parameters affecting tensile shear strength also found out by using soft computing methods like Simulated Annealing and Genetic Algorithm. There are various types of parameter that influence the mechanical properties of welding on the spot welding machine where in this experiment the parameter that will be investigate are weld cycle, squeeze time and weld current , hold time, weld force and weld current. Here also both optimized values were compared for greatest tensile shear strength value.

  6. LY-C2-02碳二加氢催化剂的工业应用%Commercial application of C2 hydrogenation catalyst LY-C2-02 type

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵育榕; 谭都平; 车春霞; 王书峰

    2007-01-01

    在中国石油兰州石化分公司碳二加氢装置中,采用后加氢脱除乙炔技术,分别以中国石油兰州化工研究中心开发的LY-C2-02催化剂和德国Sud-Chemie公司生产的G-58 C型催化剂为加氢催化剂,进行了工业应用.结果表明,在第一段反应器中,LY-C2-02催化剂性能与G-58 C相当,前者平均除炔体积分数高于后者0.06个百分点,乙烯增量体积分数高于后者0.126个百分点;LY-C2-02催化剂在第二、三段反应器的运行时间均已超过3个月,装置运行平稳,出口乙炔体积分数小于1×10-6.

  7. Headspace vapor characterization of Hanford waste tank 241-B-202: Results from samples collected on 7/18/96

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thomas, B.L.; Evans, J.C.; Pool, K.H.; Olsen, K.B.; Fruchter, J.S.; Silvers, K.L.

    1997-01-01

    This report describes the analytical results of vapor samples taken from the headspace of the waste storage tank 241-B-202 (Tank B-202) at the Hanford Site in Washington State. The results described in this report were obtained to characterize the vapors present in the tank headspace and to support safety evaluations and tank farm operations. The results include air concentrations of selected inorganic and organic analytes and grouped compounds from samples obtained by Westinghouse Hanford Company (WHC) and provided for analysis to Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). A summary of the inorganic analytes, permanent gases, and total non-methane organic compounds is listed in a table. Detailed descriptions of the analytical results appear in the appendices.

  8. Headspace vapor characterization of Hanford waste Tank 241-C-202: Results from samples collected on 06/25/96

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pool, K.H.; Evans, J.C.; Thomas, B.L.; Olsen, K.B.; Fruchter, J.S.; Silvers, K.L.

    1997-01-01

    This report describes the analytical results of vapor samples taken from the headspace of the waste storage tank 241-C-202 (Tank C-202) at the Hanford Site in Washington State. The results described in this report were obtained to characterize the vapors present in the tank headspace and to support safety evaluations and tank farm operations. The results include air concentrations of selected inorganic and organic analytes and grouped compounds from samples obtained by Westinghouse Hanford Company (WHC) and provided for analysis to Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). Analyses were performed by the Vapor Analytical Laboratory (VAL) at PNNL. Analyte concentrations were based on analytical results and, where appropriate, on sample volumes provided by WHC. A summary of the inorganic analytes, permanent gases, and total non-methane organic compounds is listed in a table. Detailed descriptions of the analytical results appear in the appendices.

  9. 29 CFR 778.202 - Premium pay for hours in excess of a daily or weekly standard.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Premium pay for hours in excess of a daily or weekly... Overtime § 778.202 Premium pay for hours in excess of a daily or weekly standard. (a) Hours in excess of 8... the number of hours in the workweek specified in section 7(a) of the Act as the weekly maximum,...

  10. Production of fructosyl transferase by Aspergillus oryzae CFR 202 in solid-state fermentation using agricultural by-products.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sangeetha, P T; Ramesh, M N; Prapulla, S G

    2004-10-01

    Fructosyl transferase (FTase) production by Aspergillus oryzae CFR 202 was carried out by solid-state fermentation (SSF), using various agricultural by-products like cereal bran, corn products, sugarcane bagasse,cassava bagasse (tippi) and by-products of coffee and tea processing. The FTase produced was used for the production of fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS), using 60% sucrose as substrate. Among the cereal bran used, rice bran and wheat bran were good substrates for FTase production by A. oryzae CFR 202. Among the various corn products used, corn germ supported maximum FTase production, whereas among the by-products of coffee and tea processing used, spent coffee and spent tea were good substrates, with supplementation of yeast extract and complete synthetic media. FTase had maximum activity at 60 degrees C and pH 6.0. FTase was stable up to 40 degrees C and in the pH range 5.0-7.0. Maximum FOS production was obtained with FTase after 8 h of reaction with 60% sucrose. FTase produced by SSF using wheat bran was purified 107-fold by ammonium sulphate precipitation (30-80%), DEAE cellulose chromatography and Sephadex G-200 chromatography. The molecular mass of the purified FTase was 116.3 kDa by SDS-PAGE. This study indicates the potential for the use of agricultural by-products for the efficient production of FTase enzyme by A. oryzae CFR 202 in SSF, thereby resulting in value addition of those by-products.

  11. In vivo/ex vivo targeting of Langerhans cells after topical application of the immune response modifier TMX-202: confocal Raman microscopy and histology analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darvin, Maxim E.; Thiede, Gisela; Ascencio, Saul Mujica; Schanzer, Sabine; Richter, Heike; Vinzón, Sabrina E.; Hasche, Daniel; Rösl, Frank; May, Roberto; Hazot, Yohan; Tamarkin, Dov; Lademann, Juergen

    2016-05-01

    The increased ability of TMX-202 (derivative of imiquimod) to penetrate the intact stratum corneum (SC) and the follicular orifices of porcine ear skin was shown ex vivo using confocal Raman microscopy and laser scanning microscopy. Moreover, to assess whether TMX-202 is able to reach the immune cells, Langerhans cells extracted from pretreated human skin were investigated ex vivo using confocal Raman microscopy combined with multivariate statistical methods. Tracking the Raman peak of dimethyl sulfoxide centered at 690 cm-1, the absorption of TMX-202 containing formulation by Langerhans cells was shown. To answer the question whether the TMX-202 active ingredient is able to reach Langerhans cells, the attraction of immune cells to TMX-202 containing formulation treated skin was measured in the in vivo rodent model Mastomys coucha. The results show that TMX-202 active ingredient is able to reach Langerhans cells after penetrating through the intact skin and subsequently attract immune cells. Both the intercellular/transcellular as well as the follicular pathways allow the penetration through the intact barrier of the SC.

  12. Search for Excited Leptons in $e^+ e^-$ Interactions at $\\sqrt{s}$=192 - 202 GeV

    CERN Document Server

    Acciarri, M; Adriani, O; Aguilar-Benítez, M; Alcaraz, J; Alemanni, G; Allaby, James V; Aloisio, A; Alviggi, M G; Ambrosi, G; Anderhub, H; Andreev, V P; Angelescu, T; Anselmo, F; Arefev, A; Azemoon, T; Aziz, T; Bagnaia, P; Bajo, A; Baksay, L; Balandras, A; Baldew, S V; Todorova-Nová, S; Banerjee, Sw; Barczyk, A; Barillère, R; Bartalini, P; Basile, M; Batalova, N; Battiston, R; Bay, A; Becattini, F; Becker, U; Behner, F; Bellucci, L; Berbeco, R; Berdugo, J; Berges, P; Bertucci, B; Betev, B L; Bhattacharya, S; Biasini, M; Biland, A; Blaising, J J; Blyth, S C; Bobbink, Gerjan J; Böhm, A; Boldizsar, L; Borgia, B; Bourilkov, D; Bourquin, Maurice; Braccini, S; Branson, J G; Brochu, F; Buffini, A; Buijs, A; Burger, J D; Burger, W J; Cai, X D; Capell, M; Cara Romeo, G; Carlino, G; Cartacci, A M; Casaus, J; Castellini, G; Cavallari, F; Cavallo, N; Cecchi, C; Cerrada-Canales, M; Cesaroni, F; Chamizo-Llatas, M; Chang, Y H; Chaturvedi, U K; Chemarin, M; Chen, A; Chen, G; Chen, G M; Chen, H F; Chen, H S; Chiefari, G; Cifarelli, Luisa; Cindolo, F; Civinini, C; Clare, I; Clare, R; Coignet, G; Colino, N; Costantini, S; Cotorobai, F; de la Cruz, B; Csilling, Akos; Cucciarelli, S; Dai, T S; van Dalen, J A; D'Alessandro, R; De Asmundis, R; Déglon, P L; Degré, A; Deiters, K; Della Volpe, D; Delmeire, E; Denes, P; De Notaristefani, F; De Salvo, A; Diemoz, M; Dierckxsens, M; Van Dierendonck, D N; Dionisi, C; Dittmar, Michael; Dominguez, A; Doria, A; Dova, M T; Duchesneau, D; Dufournaud, D; Duinker, P; Durán, I; El-Mamouni, H; Engler, A; Eppling, F J; Erné, F C; Ewers, A; Extermann, Pierre; Fabre, M; Falagán, M A; Falciano, S; Favara, A; Fay, J; Fedin, O; Felcini, Marta; Ferguson, T; Fesefeldt, H S; Fiandrini, E; Field, J H; Filthaut, Frank; Fisher, P H; Fisk, I; Forconi, G; Freudenreich, Klaus; Furetta, C; Galaktionov, Yu; Ganguli, S N; García-Abia, P; Gataullin, M; Gau, S S; Gentile, S; Gheordanescu, N; Giagu, S; Gong, Z F; Grenier, G; Grimm, O; Grünewald, M W; Guida, M; van Gulik, R; Gupta, V K; Gurtu, A; Gutay, L J; Haas, D; Hasan, A; Hatzifotiadou, D; Hebbeker, T; Hervé, A; Hidas, P; Hirschfelder, J; Hofer, H; Holzner, G; Hoorani, H; Hou, S R; Hu, Y; Iashvili, I; Jin, B N; Jones, L W; de Jong, P; Josa-Mutuberria, I; Khan, R A; Käfer, D; Kaur, M; Kienzle-Focacci, M N; Kim, D; Kim, J K; Kirkby, Jasper; Kiss, D; Kittel, E W; Klimentov, A; König, A C; Kopal, M; Kopp, A; Koutsenko, V F; Kräber, M H; Krämer, R W; Krenz, W; Krüger, A; Kunin, A; Ladrón de Guevara, P; Laktineh, I; Landi, G; Lebeau, M; Lebedev, A; Lebrun, P; Lecomte, P; Lecoq, P; Le Coultre, P; Lee, H J; Le Goff, J M; Leiste, R; Levchenko, P M; Li Chuan; Likhoded, S A; Lin, C H; Lin, W T; Linde, Frank L; Lista, L; Liu, Z A; Lohmann, W; Longo, E; Lü, Y S; Lübelsmeyer, K; Luci, C; Luckey, D; Lugnier, L; Luminari, L; Lustermann, W; Ma Wen Gan; Maity, M; Malgeri, L; Malinin, A; Maña, C; Mangeol, D J J; Mans, J; Marian, G; Martin, J P; Marzano, F; Mazumdar, K; McNeil, R R; Mele, S; Merola, L; Meschini, M; Metzger, W J; Von der Mey, M; Mihul, A; Milcent, H; Mirabelli, G; Mnich, J; Mohanty, G B; Moulik, T; Muanza, G S; Muijs, A J M; Musicar, B; Musy, M; Napolitano, M; Nessi-Tedaldi, F; Newman, H; Niessen, T; Nisati, A; Nowak, H; Ofierzynski, R A; Organtini, G; Oulianov, A; Palomares, C; Pandoulas, D; Paoletti, S; Paolucci, P; Paramatti, R; Park, H K; Park, I H; Passaleva, G; Patricelli, S; Paul, T; Pauluzzi, M; Paus, C; Pauss, Felicitas; Pedace, M; Pensotti, S; Perret-Gallix, D; Petersen, B; Piccolo, D; Pierella, F; Pieri, M; Piroué, P A; Pistolesi, E; Plyaskin, V; Pohl, M; Pozhidaev, V; Postema, H; Pothier, J; Prokofiev, D O; Prokofev, D; Quartieri, J; Rahal-Callot, G; Rahaman, M A; Raics, P; Raja, N; Ramelli, R; Rancoita, P G; Ranieri, R; Raspereza, A V; Raven, G; Razis, P A; Ren, D; Rescigno, M; Reucroft, S; Riemann, S; Riles, K; Rodin, J; Roe, B P; Romero, L; Rosca, A; Rosier-Lees, S; Roth, S; Rosenbleck, C; Rubio, Juan Antonio; Ruggiero, G; Rykaczewski, H; Saremi, S; Sarkar, S; Salicio, J; Sánchez, E; Sanders, M P; Schäfer, C; Shchegelskii, V; Schmidt-Kärst, S; Schmitz, D; Schopper, Herwig Franz; Schotanus, D J; Schwering, G; Sciacca, C; Seganti, A; Servoli, L; Shevchenko, S; Shivarov, N; Shoutko, V; Shumilov, E; Shvorob, A V; Siedenburg, T; Son, D; Smith, B; Spillantini, P; Steuer, M; Stickland, D P; Stone, A; Stoyanov, B; Strässner, A; Sudhakar, K; Sultanov, G G; Sun, L Z; Sushkov, S V; Suter, H; Swain, J D; Szillási, Z; Sztaricskai, T; Tang, X W; Tauscher, Ludwig; Taylor, L; Tellili, B; Timmermans, C; Ting, Samuel C C; Ting, S M; Tonwar, S C; Tóth, J; Tully, C; Tung, K L; Uchida, Y; Ulbricht, J; Valente, E; Vesztergombi, G; Vetlitskii, I; Vicinanza, D; Viertel, Gert M; Villa, S; Vivargent, M; Vlachos, S; Vodopyanov, I; Vogel, H; Vogt, H; Vorobev, I; Vorobyov, A A; Vorvolakos, A; Wadhwa, M; Wallraff, W; Wang, M; Wang, X L; Wang, Z M; Weber, A; Weber, M; Wienemann, P; Wilkens, H; Wu, S X; Wynhoff, S; Xia, L; Xu, Z Z; Yamamoto, J; Yang, B Z; Yang, C G; Yang, H J; Yang, M; Ye, J B; Yeh, S C; Zalite, A; Zalite, Yu; Zhang, Z P; Zhu, G Y; Zhu, R Y; Zichichi, A; Zilizi, G; Zimmermann, B; Zöller, M

    2001-01-01

    Excited leptons are searched for using the L3 detector at LEP. The data collected at centre-of-mass energies in the range from 192 up to 202 GeV correspond to a total luminosity of 233 $\\rm pb^{-1}$. No evidence of either pair production of excited leptons, nor of single production is found. From the searches for pair produced excited leptons, lower mass limits close to the kinematic limit are set. From the searches for singly produced excited leptons, upper limits on their couplings are derived in the mass range up to 200 GeV.

  13. Study of Z Boson Pair Production in $e^+ e^-$ Interactions at $\\sqrt{s}$ = 192-202 GeV

    CERN Document Server

    Acciarri, M; Adriani, O; Aguilar-Benítez, M; Alcaraz, J; Alemanni, G; Allaby, James V; Aloisio, A; Alviggi, M G; Ambrosi, G; Anderhub, H; Andreev, V P; Angelescu, T; Anselmo, F; Arefev, A; Azemoon, T; Aziz, T; Bagnaia, P; Bajo, A; Baksay, L; Balandras, A; Baldew, S V; Banerjee, S; Banerjee, Sw; Barczyk, A; Barillère, R; Bartalini, P; Basile, M; Battiston, R; Bay, A; Becattini, F; Becker, U; Behner, F; Bellucci, L; Berbeco, R; Berdugo, J; Berges, P; Bertucci, B; Betev, B L; Bhattacharya, S; Biasini, M; Biland, A; Blaising, J J; Blyth, S C; Bobbink, Gerjan J; Böhm, A; Boldizsar, L; Borgia, B; Bourilkov, D; Bourquin, Maurice; Braccini, S; Branson, J G; Brochu, F; Buffini, A; Buijs, A; Burger, J D; Burger, W J; Cai, X D; Capell, M; Cara Romeo, G; Carlino, G; Cartacci, A M; Casaus, J; Castellini, G; Cavallari, F; Cavallo, N; Cecchi, C; Cerrada-Canales, M; Cesaroni, F; Chamizo-Llatas, M; Chang, Y H; Chaturvedi, U K; Chemarin, M; Chen, A; Chen, G; Chen, G M; Chen, H F; Chen, H S; Chiefari, G; Cifarelli, Luisa; Cindolo, F; Civinini, C; Clare, I; Clare, R; Coignet, G; Colino, N; Conventi, F; Costantini, S; Cotorobai, F; de la Cruz, B; Csilling, Akos; Cucciarelli, S; Dai, T S; van Dalen, J A; D'Alessandro, R; De Asmundis, R; Déglon, P L; Degré, A; Deiters, K; Della Pietra, M; Della Volpe, D; Delmeire, E; Denes, P; De Notaristefani, F; De Salvo, A; Diemoz, M; Dierckxsens, M; Van Dierendonck, D N; Dionisi, C; Dittmar, Michael; Dominguez, A; Doria, A; Dova, M T; Duchesneau, D; Dufournaud, D; Duinker, P; Durán, I; El-Mamouni, H; Engler, A; Eppling, F J; Erné, F C; Extermann, Pierre; Fabre, M; Falagán, M A; Falciano, S; Favara, A; Fay, J; Fedin, O; Felcini, Marta; Ferguson, T; Fesefeldt, H S; Fiandrini, E; Field, J H; Filthaut, Frank; Fisher, P H; Fisk, I; Forconi, G; Freudenreich, Klaus; Furetta, C; Galaktionov, Yu; Ganguli, S N; García-Abia, P; Gataullin, M; Gau, S S; Gentile, S; Gheordanescu, N; Giagu, S; Gong, Z F; Grenier, G; Grimm, O; Grünewald, M W; Guida, M; van Gulik, R; Gupta, V K; Gurtu, A; Gutay, L J; Haas, D; Hasan, A; Hatzifotiadou, D; Hebbeker, T; Hervé, A; Hidas, P; Hirschfelder, J; Hofer, H; Holzner, G; Hoorani, H; Hou, S R; Hu, Y; Iashvili, I; Jin, B N; Jones, L W; de Jong, P; Josa-Mutuberria, I; Khan, R A; Kaur, M; Kienzle-Focacci, M N; Kim, D; Kim, J K; Kirkby, Jasper; Kiss, D; Kittel, E W; Klimentov, A; König, A C; Kopal, M; Kopp, A; Koutsenko, V F; Kräber, M H; Krämer, R W; Krenz, W; Krüger, A; Kunin, A; Ladrón de Guevara, P; Laktineh, I; Landi, G; Lebeau, M; Lebedev, A; Lebrun, P; Lecomte, P; Lecoq, P; Le Coultre, P; Lee, H J; Le Goff, J M; Leiste, R; Levchenko, P M; Li Chuan; Likhoded, S A; Lin, C H; Lin, W T; Linde, Frank L; Lista, L; Liu, Z A; Lohmann, W; Longo, E; Lü, Y S; Lübelsmeyer, K; Luci, C; Luckey, D; Lugnier, L; Luminari, L; Lustermann, W; Ma Wen Gan; Maity, M; Malgeri, L; Malinin, A; Maña, C; Mangeol, D J J; Mans, J; Marian, G; Martin, J P; Marzano, F; Mazumdar, K; McNeil, R R; Mele, S; Merola, L; Meschini, M; Metzger, W J; Von der Mey, M; Mihul, A; Milcent, H; Mirabelli, G; Mnich, J; Mohanty, G B; Moulik, T; Muanza, G S; Muijs, A J M; Musicar, B; Musy, M; Napolitano, M; Nessi-Tedaldi, F; Newman, H; Niessen, T; Nisati, A; Nowak, H; Ofierzynski, R A; Organtini, G; Oulianov, A; Palomares, C; Pandoulas, D; Paoletti, S; Paolucci, P; Paramatti, R; Park, H K; Park, I H; Passaleva, G; Patricelli, S; Paul, T; Pauluzzi, M; Paus, C; Pauss, Felicitas; Pedace, M; Pensotti, S; Perret-Gallix, D; Petersen, B; Piccolo, D; Pierella, F; Pieri, M; Piroué, P A; Pistolesi, E; Plyaskin, V; Pohl, M; Pozhidaev, V; Postema, H; Pothier, J; Prokofiev, D O; Prokofev, D; Quartieri, J; Rahal-Callot, G; Rahaman, M A; Raics, P; Raja, N; Ramelli, R; Rancoita, P G; Ranieri, R; Raspereza, A V; Raven, G; Razis, P A; Ren, D; Rescigno, M; Reucroft, S; Riemann, S; Riles, K; Rodin, J; Roe, B P; Romero, L; Rosca, A; Rosier-Lees, S; Rubio, Juan Antonio; Ruggiero, G; Rykaczewski, H; Saremi, S; Sarkar, S; Salicio, J; Sánchez, E; Sanders, M P; Sarakinos, M E; Schäfer, C; Shchegelskii, V; Schmidt-Kärst, S; Schmitz, D; Schopper, Herwig Franz; Schotanus, D J; Schwering, G; Sciacca, C; Seganti, A; Servoli, L; Shevchenko, S; Shivarov, N; Shoutko, V; Shumilov, E; Shvorob, A V; Siedenburg, T; Son, D; Smith, B; Spillantini, P; Steuer, M; Stickland, D P; Stone, A; Stoyanov, B; Strässner, A; Sudhakar, K; Sultanov, G G; Sun, L Z; Suter, H; Swain, J D; Szillási, Z; Sztaricskai, T; Tang, X W; Tauscher, Ludwig; Taylor, L; Tellili, B; Timmermans, C; Ting, Samuel C C; Ting, S M; Tonwar, S C; Tóth, J; Tully, C; Tung, K L; Uchida, Y; Ulbricht, J; Valente, E; Vesztergombi, G; Vetlitskii, I; Vicinanza, D; Viertel, Gert M; Villa, S; Vivargent, M; Vlachos, S; Vodopyanov, I; Vogel, H; Vogt, H; Vorobev, I; Vorobyov, A A; Vorvolakos, A; Wadhwa, M; Wallraff, W; Wang, M; Wang, X L; Wang, Z M; Weber, A; Weber, M; Wienemann, P; Wilkens, H; Wu, S X; Wynhoff, S; Xia, L; Xu, Z Z; Yamamoto, J; Yang, B Z; Yang, C G; Yang, H J; Yang, M; Ye, J B; Yeh, S C; Zalite, A; Zalite, Yu; Zhang, Z P; Zhu, G Y; Zhu, R Y; Zichichi, A; Zilizi, G; Zimmermann, B; Zöller, M

    2001-01-01

    The cross section for the production of Z boson pairs is measured using the data collected by the L3 detector at LEP in 1999 in $\\rm e^+e^-$ collisions at centre--of--mass energies ranging from 192 GeV up to 202 GeV. Events in all the visible final states are selected, measuring the cross section of this process. The special case of final states containing b quarks is also investigated. All results are in agreement with the Standard Model predictions.

  14. Design on Laptop Battery Charger Based on TOP202Y%基于TOP202Y的笔记本电脑电池充电器设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟武胜; 何潇; 杨阳; 李艳

    2013-01-01

    介绍了美国动力公司(Power)于九十年代中期研制推出的三端PWM/MOSFET二合一集成控制器件TOP Switch系列的一种基于TOP202Y的单片开关电源的主要工作性能及原理,将它与TOP Switch相匹配的高频功率变压器在笔记本电池充电器中加以应用,并对其进行了分析总结.%This paper introduces main working performance and principle of single-chip switch power supply of a series of TOP Switch based on TOP202Y,the three end PWM / MOSFET combo integrated control device,which is developed by the United States power company in 1990s.It links it with TOP Switch matching the high frequency power transformer in the laptop battery charger application,and has carried on the analysis and summary.

  15. Association of G6PD202A,376G with lower haemoglobin concentration but not increased haemolysis in patients with sickle cell anaemia

    OpenAIRE

    Nouraie, Mehdi; Reading, Noel S.; Campbell, Andrew; Minniti, Caterina P.; Rana, Sohail R.; Luchtman-Jones, Lori; Kato, Gregory J.; Gladwin, Mark; Castro, Oswaldo L.; Prchal, Josef T.; Gordeuk, Victor R

    2010-01-01

    The genetic bases of the highly variable degrees of anaemia and haemolysis in persons with Hb SS are not fully known, but several studies have indicated that G6PD deficiency is not a factor. The G6PD202A and G6PD376G alleles and α-thalassaemia were determined by molecular genetic testing in 261 children and adolescents with Hb SS in a multicentre study. G6PD202A,376G (G6PD A-) was defined as hemizygosity for both alleles in males and homozygosity in females. Among the participants 41% were re...

  16. 201-Tl production studies by 203-Tl(p,3n)201-Pb and 202-Hg(p,2n) nuclear reactions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Birattari, C.; Bonardi, M.; Salomone, A. (Milan Univ. (Italy). Ist. di Fisica)

    Thallium 201 has been produced in the Milan university AVF cyclotron by a /sup 203/Tl(p,3n)/sup 201/Pb and /sup 202/Hg(p,2n) nuclear reactions. /sup 201/Tl//sup 201/Pb were separated radiochemically by the preparation of thallium as thallous iodide after complexation of the lead with EDTA. /sup 202/Hg and /sup 201/Tl were separated by washing the target and holder, to which the radiothallium adheres with 3HCl and adding NaOH. Quality control is by radiochromatography.

  17. 儿童特发性血小板减少性紫癜202例临床分析%Clinical characteristics of 202 cases with children idiopathic thrombocytopenic Purpura

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周登余

    2011-01-01

    Objective To analyze the characteristics and therapy efficiency of children idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP), and compare the differences between acute and chronic ITP. Methods 202 cases of idiopathic thrombo-cytopenic purpura who were diagnosed and treated in the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University from 2008 to 2010 were reviewed. Results Among 202 cases (106 male and 96 female), acute ITP was 177 cases (87.62% ), chronic ITP (CITP) and refractory ITP (RITP) were 25 cases (12.38% ). Most of acute ITP in children were less than 6 year old (77.23%). 174 cases (86.14%) of ITP had severe thrombocytopenia and 81.68% of them showed mild bleeding. For acute ITP, the efficiency of different therapy had no significant difference in Pred group (89.66%), IVIG group (73.33%) and combination group (88.98% ), respectively. But it was lower in combination group in chronic/re-fractory ITP (54.55% ). Conclusions Childhood ITP mostly occur at the age of 1 to 6 year, the incidence of ITP is e-qual between men and women, the majority of the children's ITP cases are acute course with mild bleeding and recover fast.%目的 分析儿童特发性血小板减少性紫癜(idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura,ITP)的临床表现及治疗情况,比较急、慢性ITP的不同点.方法 对安徽医科大学第一附属医院2008年1月~2010年12月期间,住院的202例ITP病例临床资料进行回顾性分析.结果 202例ITP患儿,男106例(52.48%),女96例(47.52%),急性ITP 177例(87.62%),慢性、难治性ITP 25例(12.38%),6岁及以下患儿156例(77.23%),6岁以上46例(22.77%);有174例(86.14%)ITP患儿发病时血小板呈重度、极重度减少,但临床多为轻度出血(81.68%);急性组单用激素治疗有效率89.66%,单用丙种球蛋白治疗有效率73.33%,两者联合治疗有效率为88.98%;慢性、难治性ITP激素联合丙种球蛋白治疗有效率54.55%.结论 儿童ITP多见于6岁及以下,男女发病机会均等,该病临床发病急

  18. An abundance of rare functional variants in 202 drug target genes sequenced in 14.002 people

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nelson, Matthew R.; Wegmann, Daniel; Ehm, Margaret G.;

    2012-01-01

    Rare genetic variants contribute to complex disease risk; however, the abundance of rare variants in human populations remains unknown. We explored this spectrum of variation by sequencing 202 genes encoding drug targets in 14,002 individuals. We find rare variants are abundant (1 every 17 bases...... gene. We conclude that because of rapid population growth and weak purifying selection, human populations harbor an abundance of rare variants, many of which are deleterious and have relevance to understanding disease risk.......) and geographically localized, so that even with large sample sizes, rare variant catalogs will be largely incomplete. We used the observed patterns of variation to estimate population growth parameters, the proportion of variants in a given frequency class that are putatively deleterious, and mutation rates for each...

  19. CT fluoroscopy-guided percutaneous vertebroplasty in spinal malignancy: technical results, PMMA leakages, and complications in 202 patients

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Trumm, Christoph G.; Pahl, Anne; Zech, Christoph J.; Stahl, Robert; Paprottka, Philipp M.; Sandner, Torleif A.; Reiser, Maximilian F. [Klinikum der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet Muenchen-Grosshadern, Department of Clinical Radiology, Munich (Germany); Helmberger, Thomas K. [Klinikum Bogenhausen, Institute for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Muenchen (Germany); Jakobs, Tobias F. [Krankenhaus Barmherzige Brueder Muenchen, Department of Radiology, Muenchen (Germany); Hoffmann, Ralf-Thorsten [Universitaetsklinikum Carl Gustav Carus Dresden, Department and Policlinics of Diagnostic Radiology, Dresden (Germany)

    2012-11-15

    To retrospectively evaluate the incidence and clinical impact of local polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) leaks and pulmonary cement embolisms occurring under CT fluoroscopy-guided vertebroplasty of symptomatic malignant vertebral osteolyses. From December 2001 to June 2009, 202 cancer patients (116 women, 86 men; age 63.2 {+-} 8.6 years) with painful malignant vertebral osteolyses underwent vertebroplasty, with or without vertebral compression fracture. A total of 331 vertebrae were treated in 231 sessions under CT fluoroscopy guidance (120kV; 10-25mA; single slice, 4-, 16-, and 128-row CT). In the pre-vertebroplasty CT, the following items were assessed: osteolytic destruction (0, {<=}25, {<=}50, {<=}75, or {<=}100%) of vertebral cross-sectional area, posterior wall, and circumference; presence of perivertebral and degree of epidural (no, mild, moderate) soft tissue involvement. Local PMMA leaks were analyzed using the post-vertebroplasty CT. Pulmonary cement embolisms were evaluated in all patients having undergone radiography (CR; n = 53) or CT (n = 88) of the chest after vertebroplasty due to their underlying disease. Patient charts were reviewed regarding adverse events. Of 331 treated vertebrae, 32, 20.2, and 15.7% showed more than 50% osteolytic involvement of the vertebral cross-sectional area, posterior wall, and circumference, respectively. Mild or moderate epidural involvement was seen in 13.0 and 8.4%. Local PMMA leakage rate was 58.6% (194 of 331 vertebrae). Pulmonary cement embolisms (segmental, n = 10; central, n = 1) were seen after 7.8% of the procedures with follow-up imaging of the chest. No major complications occurred within a 30-day period after vertebroplasty. Vertebroplasty of spinal malignancy can be safely performed under CT fluoroscopy guidance even in patients with substantial osteolytic involvement. In our patient collective, PMMA leaks and pulmonary cement embolisms visualized in post-procedural radiography and CT images had no clinical

  20. 41 CFR 302-4.202 - Are there any circumstances in which a per diem allowance for my immediate family members is not...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Are there any circumstances in which a per diem allowance for my immediate family members is not allowed? 302-4.202 Section... diem allowance for my immediate family members is not allowed? Yes, per diem for your immediate...

  1. Quality of Life in Patients With Brain Metastases Using the EORTC QLQ-BN20+2 and QLQ-C15-PAL

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Caissie, Amanda; Nguyen, Janet; Chen, Emily; Zhang Liying [Rapid Response Radiotherapy Program, Odette Cancer Centre, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Sahgal, Arjun [Rapid Response Radiotherapy Program, Odette Cancer Centre, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Department of Radiation Oncology, Princess Margaret Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Clemons, Mark [Department of Medical Oncology, Ottawa Hospital Cancer Centre, Ottawa, Ontario (Canada); Kerba, Marc [Department of Radiation Oncology, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, Calgary, Alberta (Canada); Arnalot, Palmira Foro [Parc de Salut Mar Hospital de l' Esperanca, Barcelona (Spain); Danjoux, Cyril; Tsao, May; Barnes, Elizabeth; Holden, Lori [Rapid Response Radiotherapy Program, Odette Cancer Centre, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Danielson, Brita [Department of Radiation Oncology, Cross Cancer Institute, Edmonton, Alberta (Canada); Chow, Edward, E-mail: edward.chow@sunnybrook.ca [Rapid Response Radiotherapy Program, Odette Cancer Centre, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario (Canada)

    2012-07-15

    Purpose: The 20-item European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire-Brain Neoplasm (QLQ-BN20) is a validated quality-of-life (QOL) questionnaire for patients with primary brain tumors. The European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire-Core 15 Palliative (QLQ-C15-PAL) core palliative questionnaire is a 15-item version of the core 30-item QLQ-C30 and was developed to decrease the burden on patients with advanced cancer. The combination of the QLQ-BN20 and QLQ-C30 to assess QOL may be too burdensome for patients. The primary aim of this study was to assess QOL in patients before and after treatment for brain metastases using the QLQ-BN20+2 and QLQ-C15-PAL, a version of the QLQ-BN20 questionnaire with 2 additional questions assessing cognitive functioning that were not addressed in the QLQ-C15-PAL. Methods and Materials: Patients with brain metastases completed the QLQ-C15-PAL and QLQ-BN20+2 questionnaires to assess QOL before and 1 month after radiation. Linear regression analysis was used to assess changes in QOL scores over time, as well as to explore associations between the QLQ-BN20+2 and QLQ-C15-PAL scales, patient demographics, and clinical variables. Spearman correlation assessed associations between the QLQ-BN20+2 and QLQ-C15-PAL scales. Results: Among 108 patients, the majority (55%) received whole-brain radiotherapy only, with 65% of patients completing follow-up at 1 month after treatment. The most prominent symptoms at baseline were future uncertainty (QLQ-BN20+2) and fatigue (QLQ-C15-PAL). After treatment, significant improvement was seen for the QLQ-C15-PAL insomnia scale, as well as the QLQ-BN20+2 scales of future uncertainty, visual disorder, and concentration difficulty. Baseline Karnofsky Performance Status was negatively correlated to QLQ-BN20+2 motor dysfunction but positively related to QLQ-C15-PAL physical functioning and QLQ-BN20+2 cognitive functioning at

  2. Quality of Life in Patients With Brain Metastases Using the EORTC QLQ-BN20+2 and QLQ-C15-PAL

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: The 20-item European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire–Brain Neoplasm (QLQ-BN20) is a validated quality-of-life (QOL) questionnaire for patients with primary brain tumors. The European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire–Core 15 Palliative (QLQ-C15-PAL) core palliative questionnaire is a 15-item version of the core 30-item QLQ-C30 and was developed to decrease the burden on patients with advanced cancer. The combination of the QLQ-BN20 and QLQ-C30 to assess QOL may be too burdensome for patients. The primary aim of this study was to assess QOL in patients before and after treatment for brain metastases using the QLQ-BN20+2 and QLQ-C15-PAL, a version of the QLQ-BN20 questionnaire with 2 additional questions assessing cognitive functioning that were not addressed in the QLQ-C15-PAL. Methods and Materials: Patients with brain metastases completed the QLQ-C15-PAL and QLQ-BN20+2 questionnaires to assess QOL before and 1 month after radiation. Linear regression analysis was used to assess changes in QOL scores over time, as well as to explore associations between the QLQ-BN20+2 and QLQ-C15-PAL scales, patient demographics, and clinical variables. Spearman correlation assessed associations between the QLQ-BN20+2 and QLQ-C15-PAL scales. Results: Among 108 patients, the majority (55%) received whole-brain radiotherapy only, with 65% of patients completing follow-up at 1 month after treatment. The most prominent symptoms at baseline were future uncertainty (QLQ-BN20+2) and fatigue (QLQ-C15-PAL). After treatment, significant improvement was seen for the QLQ-C15-PAL insomnia scale, as well as the QLQ-BN20+2 scales of future uncertainty, visual disorder, and concentration difficulty. Baseline Karnofsky Performance Status was negatively correlated to QLQ-BN20+2 motor dysfunction but positively related to QLQ-C15-PAL physical functioning and QLQ-BN20+2 cognitive functioning at

  3. Study on Removal Technique of Nitrogen Oxides by H202 Oxidation-Alkali Liquor Absorption%H202氧化——碱液吸收脱除NOx的工艺研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱兆友; 徐超; 高秀; 牛志芳

    2011-01-01

    Removal of nitrogen oxides by H2 O2 oxidation-alkali liquor absorption was proposed according to the feature of low oxidation degree and intermittent discharge of NOx waste gas from pharmaceutic industries.The effects of H202 mass fraction, H202 spray density, oxidation time on NOx oxidation degree and the effects of NOx oxidation degree, alkalinity on the absorption rate of NOx were investigated. The results showed that NOx oxidation degree could reach 67. 2% under the optimum conditions as follows: the temperature was 25℃,the gas flow rate was 8 m3 · h-1 , the NOx initial concentration was 5000~6000 mg ·m-3 , the H2O2 mass fraction was 2.5%, the oxidation time was 13 s, the H2O2 spray density was 15 m3 · m-2 · h-1. The alkali absorption experiment indicated that when NOx oxidation'degree was 50% and alkalinity was 30 g · L-1 ,the absorption rate of NOx could reach 96.1%.%针对制药行业NOx废气氧化度低、间歇排放的特点,提出了H2O2氧化--碱液吸收脱除NOx的方法.考察了H2O2质量分数、喷淋密度、氧化时间对NOx氧化度的影响以及氧化度、碱度对NOx吸收率的影响.结果表明,当温度为25℃、气体流量为8m3·h-1,NOx进口浓度为5000-6000mg·m-3,H2O2质量分数为2.5%,氧化时间为13s,H2O2喷淋密度为15m3·m-2·h-1时,NOx氧化度最高,达到67.2%;当NOx氧化度为50%、碱度为30g·L-1时,NOx吸收率最高,达到96.1%.

  4. Decay of 202Pb* formed in 48Ca+154Sm reaction using the dynamical cluster-decay model

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The decay of compound nucleus 202Pb*, formed in entrance channel reaction 48Ca+154Sm at different incident energies, is studied by using the dynamical cluster-decay model (DCM) where all decay products are calculated as emissions of preformed clusters through the interaction barriers. The calculated results show an excellent agreement with experimental data for the fusion-evaporation residue cross-section σER together with the fusion-fission cross-section σFF (taken as a sum of the energetically favored symmetric ACN*/2 ± 20 and near symmetric A=65–75 plus complementary fragments), and the competing, non-compound-nucleus quasi-fission cross-section σQF where the entrance channel is considered not to lose its identity (and hence with preformation factor P0=1). The interesting feature of this study is that the three decay processes (ER, FF and QF) are quite comparable at low energies, ER being the most dominant, whereas at higher energies FF becomes most probable followed by ER and QF. The prediction of two fission windows, the symmetric fission (SF) and the near symmetric fission (nSF) whose contribution is more at lower incident energies, suggests the presence of a fine structure effect in the fusion-fission of 202Pb*. This result is attributed to the shell effects (magic shells) playing effective role in the fragment preformation yields for 48Ca+154Sm reaction at lower excitation energies, giving rise to shoulders, to an otherwise Gaussian FF mass distribution, responsible for the QF process. As a further verification of this result, absence of "shoulders" (hence, the QF component) in the decay of 192Pb* due to 48Ca+144Sm reaction is also shown to be given by the calculations, in agreement with experiments. The only parameter of the model is the neck-length ΔR which shows that the ER occurs first, having the largest values of ΔR, and the FF and QF processes occur almost simultaneously at lower incident energies but the FF takes over QF at higher incident

  5. Carrier redistribution between different potential sites in semipolar (202¯1) InGaN quantum wells studied by near-field photoluminescence

    KAUST Repository

    Marcinkevičius, S.

    2014-09-15

    © 2014 AIP Publishing LLC. Scanning near-field photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy at different excitation powers was applied to study nanoscale properties of carrier localization and recombination in semipolar (202¯1) InGaN quantum wells (QWs) emitting in violet, blue, and green-yellow spectral regions. With increased excitation power, an untypical PL peak energy shift to lower energies was observed. The shift was attributed to carrier density dependent carrier redistribution between nm-scale sites of different potentials. Near-field PL scans showed that in (202¯1) QWs the in-plane carrier diffusion is modest, and the recombination properties are uniform, which is advantageous for photonic applications.

  6. Search for the Standard Model Higgs boson in $e^+ e^-$ collisions at $\\sqrt{s}$ up to 202 GeV

    CERN Document Server

    Acciarri, M; Adriani, O; Aguilar-Benítez, M; Alcaraz, J; Alemanni, G; Allaby, James V; Aloisio, A; Alviggi, M G; Ambrosi, G; Anderhub, H; Andreev, V P; Angelescu, T; Anselmo, F; Arefev, A; Azemoon, T; Aziz, T; Bagnaia, P; Bajo, A; Baksay, L; Balandras, A; Baldew, S V; Todorova-Nová, S; Banerjee, Sw; Barczyk, A; Barillère, R; Bartalini, P; Basile, M; Batalova, N; Battiston, R; Bay, A; Becattini, F; Becker, U; Behner, F; Bellucci, L; Berbeco, R; Berdugo, J; Berges, P; Bertucci, B; Betev, B L; Bhattacharya, S; Biasini, M; Biland, A; Blaising, J J; Blyth, S C; Bobbink, Gerjan J; Böhm, A; Boldizsar, L; Borgia, B; Bourilkov, D; Bourquin, Maurice; Braccini, S; Branson, J G; Brochu, F; Buffini, A; Buijs, A; Burger, J D; Burger, W J; Cai, X D; Capell, M; Cara Romeo, G; Carlino, G; Cartacci, A M; Casaus, J; Castellini, G; Cavallari, F; Cavallo, N; Cecchi, C; Cerrada, M; Cesaroni, F; Chamizo-Llatas, M; Chang, Y H; Chaturvedi, U K; Chemarin, M; Chen, A; Chen, G; Chen, G M; Chen, H F; Chen, H S; Chiefari, G; Cifarelli, Luisa; Cindolo, F; Civinini, C; Clare, I; Clare, R; Coignet, G; Colino, N; Costantini, S; Cotorobai, F; de la Cruz, B; Csilling, Akos; Cucciarelli, S; Dai, T S; van Dalen, J A; D'Alessandro, R; De Asmundis, R; Déglon, P L; Degré, A; Deiters, K; Della Volpe, D; Delmeire, E; Denes, P; De Notaristefani, F; De Salvo, A; Diemoz, M; Dierckxsens, M; Van Dierendonck, D N; Dionisi, C; Dittmar, Michael; Dominguez, A; Doria, A; Dova, M T; Duchesneau, D; Dufournaud, D; Duinker, P; El-Mamouni, H; Engler, A; Eppling, F J; Erné, F C; Ewers, A; Extermann, Pierre; Fabre, M; Falagán, M A; Falciano, S; Favara, A; Fay, J; Fedin, O; Felcini, Marta; Ferguson, T; Fesefeldt, H S; Fiandrini, E; Field, J H; Filthaut, Frank; Fisher, P H; Fisk, I; Forconi, G; Freudenreich, Klaus; Furetta, C; Galaktionov, Yu; Ganguli, S N; García-Abia, P; Gataullin, M; Gau, S S; Gentile, S; Gheordanescu, N; Giagu, S; Gong, Z F; Grenier, G; Grimm, O; Grünewald, M W; Guida, M; van Gulik, R; Gupta, V K; Gurtu, A; Gutay, L J; Haas, D; Hasan, A; Hatzifotiadou, D; Hebbeker, T; Hervé, A; Hidas, P; Hirschfelder, J; Hofer, H; Holzner, G; Hoorani, H; Hou, S R; Hu, Y; Iashvili, I; Jin, B N; Jones, L W; de Jong, P; Josa-Mutuberria, I; Khan, R A; Käfer, D; Kaur, M; Kienzle-Focacci, M N; Kim, D; Kim, J K; Kirkby, Jasper; Kiss, D; Kittel, E W; Klimentov, A; König, A C; Kopal, M; Kopp, A; Koutsenko, V F; Kräber, M H; Krämer, R W; Krenz, W; Krüger, A; Kunin, A; Ladrón de Guevara, P; Laktineh, I; Landi, G; Lebeau, M; Lebedev, A; Lebrun, P; Lecomte, P; Lecoq, P; Le Coultre, P; Lee, H J; Le Goff, J M; Leiste, R; Levchenko, P M; Li Chuan; Likhoded, S A; Lin, C H; Lin, W T; Linde, Frank L; Lista, L; Liu, Z A; Lohmann, W; Longo, E; Lü, Y S; Lübelsmeyer, K; Luci, C; Luckey, D; Lugnier, L; Luminari, L; Lustermann, W; Ma Wen Gan; Maity, M; Malgeri, L; Malinin, A; Maña, C; Mangeol, D J J; Mans, J; Marian, G; Martin, J P; Marzano, F; Mazumdar, K; McNeil, R R; Mele, S; Merola, L; Meschini, M; Metzger, W J; Von der Mey, M; Mihul, A; Milcent, H; Mirabelli, G; Mnich, J; Mohanty, G B; Moulik, T; Muanza, G S; Muijs, A J M; Musicar, B; Musy, M; Napolitano, M; Nessi-Tedaldi, F; Newman, H; Niessen, T; Nisati, A; Nowak, H; Ofierzynski, R A; Organtini, G; Oulianov, A; Palomares, C; Pandoulas, D; Paoletti, S; Paolucci, P; Paramatti, R; Park, H K; Park, I H; Passaleva, G; Patricelli, S; Paul, T; Pauluzzi, M; Paus, C; Pauss, Felicitas; Pedace, M; Pensotti, S; Perret-Gallix, D; Petersen, B; Piccolo, D; Pierella, F; Pieri, M; Piroué, P A; Pistolesi, E; Plyaskin, V; Pohl, M; Pozhidaev, V; Postema, H; Pothier, J; Prokofiev, D O; Prokofev, D; Quartieri, J; Rahal-Callot, G; Rahaman, M A; Raics, P; Raja, N; Ramelli, R; Rancoita, P G; Ranieri, R; Raspereza, A V; Raven, G; Razis, P A; Ren, D; Rescigno, M; Reucroft, S; Riemann, S; Riles, K; Rodin, J; Roe, B P; Romero, L; Rosca, A; Rosier-Lees, S; Roth, S; Rosenbleck, C; Roux, B; Rubio, Juan Antonio; Ruggiero, G; Rykaczewski, H; Saremi, S; Sarkar, S; Salicio, J; Sánchez, E; Sanders, M P; Schäfer, C; Shchegelskii, V; Schmidt-Kärst, S; Schmitz, D; Schopper, Herwig Franz; Schotanus, D J; Schwering, G; Sciacca, C; Seganti, A; Servoli, L; Shevchenko, S; Shivarov, N; Shoutko, V; Shumilov, E; Shvorob, A V; Siedenburg, T; Son, D; Smith, B; Spillantini, P; Steuer, M; Stickland, D P; Stone, A; Stoyanov, B; Strässner, A; Sudhakar, K; Sultanov, G G; Sun, L Z; Sushkov, S V; Suter, H; Swain, J D; Szillási, Z; Sztaricskai, T; Tang, X W; Tauscher, Ludwig; Taylor, L; Tellili, B; Teyssier, D; Timmermans, C; Ting, Samuel C C; Ting, S M; Tonwar, S C; Tóth, J; Tully, C; Tung, K L; Uchida, Y; Ulbricht, J; Valente, E; Vesztergombi, G; Vetlitskii, I; Vicinanza, D; Viertel, Gert M; Villa, S; Vivargent, M; Vlachos, S; Vodopyanov, I; Vogel, H; Vogt, H; Vorobev, I; Vorobyov, A A; Vorvolakos, A; Wadhwa, M; Wallraff, W; Wang, M; Wang, X L; Wang, Z M; Weber, A; Weber, M; Wienemann, P; Wilkens, H; Wu, S X; Wynhoff, S; Xia, L; Xu, Z Z; Yamamoto, J; Yang, B Z; Yang, C G; Yang, H J; Yang, M; Ye, J B; Yeh, S C; Zalite, A; Zalite, Yu; Zhang, Z P; Zhu, G Y; Zhu, R Y; Zichichi, A; Zilizi, G; Zimmermann, B; Zöller, M

    2001-01-01

    The Standard Model Higgs boson is searched for in 233.2 pb-1 of data collected by the L3 detector at centre of mass energies from 192 GeV to 202 GeV. These data are consistent with the expectations of Standard Model processes and no evidence of a Higgs signal is observed. A lower limit on the mass of the Standard Model Higgs boson of 107.0 GeV is set at the 95% confidence level.

  7. Thr202Ala in thyA Is a Marker for the Latin American Mediterranean Lineage of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis Complex Rather than Para-Aminosalicylic Acid Resistance

    KAUST Repository

    Feuerriegel, S.

    2010-08-30

    Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) involved in the development of resistance represent powerful markers for the rapid detection of first- and second-line resistance in clinical Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC) isolates. However, the association between particular mutations and phenotypic resistance is not always clear-cut, and phylogenetic SNPs have been misclassified as resistance markers in the past. In the present study, we investigated the utility of a specific polymorphism in thyA (Thr202Ala) as a marker for resistance to para-aminosalicyclic acid (PAS). Sixty-three PAS-susceptible MTBC strains comprising all major phylogenetic lineages, reference strain H37Rv, and 135 multidrug-resistant (MDR) strains from Germany (comprising 8 PAS-resistant isolates) were investigated for the presence of Thr202Ala. In both strain collections, the Thr202Ala SNP was found exclusively in strains of the Latin American Mediterranean (LAM) lineage irrespective of PAS resistance. Furthermore, PAS MICs (0.5 mg/liter) for selected LAM strains (all containing the SNP) and non-LAM strains (not containing the SNP), as well as the results of growth curve analyses performed in liquid 7H9 medium in the presence of increasing PAS concentrations (0 to 2.0 mg/liter), were identical. In conclusion, our data demonstrate that the Thr202Ala polymorphism in thyA is not a valid marker for PAS resistance but, instead, represents a phylogenetic marker for the LAM lineage of the M. tuberculosis complex. These findings challenge some of the previous understanding of PAS resistance and, as a consequence, warrant further in-depth investigations of the genetic variation in PAS-resistant clinical isolates and spontaneous mutants.

  8. Selection and Identification of Critical Amino Acids in Epitope 187-202 ofPen a1%Pen a1抗原表位187-202关键氨基酸的筛选和鉴定

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    牟慧; 高美须; 潘家荣; 支玉香; 赵杰; 刘超超; 李树锦; 赵鑫

    2014-01-01

    Objective Pen a1 is the major allergen in shrimp, and the sensitization mechanism is related with epitopes. The epitope (187-202) of Pen a1 was chosen as the research material, the amino acids’ frequency of occurrence and their conservative property were analyzed, the mutants were synthesized and the IgE capacity of the mutants were analyzed. The critical amino acids of the epitope of Pen a1 were screened out in order to study the shrimp sensitization mechanism and provide a theoretical basis for desensitization.[Method] The amino acid composition and frequency of occurrence in Pen a1, all epitopes and the studied epitope were analyzed using MEGA5, and the amino acids with the highest frequency were chosen. And then the amino acids of tropomyosin in all the allergenic foods in SDAP were also investigated, and the high conservative amino acids were chosen. The common amino acids in the results of both methods were considered to be the potential critical amino acids. Then these amino acids were substituted by alanine, the wild-type peptide and the mutant peptides were then synthesized with solid phase synthesis method. The tested serum was prepared by immuning New Zealand rabbits with wild-type peptide. The capacity of IgE-binding between the wild-type peptide and the mutants were compared with iELISA and competitive Dot-blot methods. The mutant peptides whose capacity of IgE-binding showed a dramatic decline were selected, and the replaced amino acids of the peptides were recognized as the critical amino acids.[Result] The amino acids of glutamic acid (E), leucine (L), arginine (R), glutamine (Q), valine (V), serine (S), aspartic acid (D) were found with higher frequency occurrence in epitope than inPen a1, and were considered as the active amino acids. E, V, L in epitope (187-202) were found with higher frequency occurrence, and were inferred to be the potential critical amino acids of studied epitope. The multiple sequence alignment of tropomyosin from

  9. 20.2.Infection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1993-01-01

    930385 Determination of serum sialic acidphospholipid and cholesterol and its clinical sig-nificance in patients with Guillain-Barre syn-drome.ZHANG Xiangjian (张祥建),et al.DeptNeurol,2nd Affil Hosp,Hebei Med Coil,Shiji-azhuang,050000.Chin J Nerv & Merit Dis 1992;18(5):271—273.Serum sialie acid (SA) level was measured inthe patients with Guillain-Barre syndrome(GBS) and normal controls.The results showedthat the serum SA level (788.1±23.8mg/L) in51 of patients with GBS was significantly higherthan that(538.1±8.9mg/L) in 50 normal con-trols (P<0.001).The positivity of serum SA inthe patients (36/51) was significantly higherthan that in normal controls (3/50,P<0.001).

  10. Accounting 202, 302.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manitoba Dept. of Education, Winnipeg.

    This teaching guide consists of guidelines for conducting two secondary-level introductory accounting courses. Intended for vocational business education students, the courses are designed to introduce financial principles and practices important to personal and business life, to promote development of clerical and bookkeeping skills sufficient…

  11. Comment: 202 [Taxonomy Icon

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Database Center for Life Science) licensed under CC Attribution2.1 Japan 撮影:仲里猛留(ライフサイエンス統合データベースセンター) Photo...: Takeru Nakazato (Database Center for Life Science) すみません。JPEGであげようとしてしまった。 PNGで。 nakazato 2008/12/22 09:56:50 2010/01/14 20:12:21 ...

  12. Evidence for a narrow NN-bar state at 2.02 GEV/C2 in 6 and 9 GEV/C antiproton interactions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Evidence for the existence of a charged narrow state of mass M approximately 2.02 GeV/c2 and width GAMMA approximately 2, decaying into NN-bar is reported. The state was observed in the reaction p-barp → psub(fast)n-barπ+π-π- at 6 GeV/c and in p-barp → π+sub(fast)p-barnπ+π- at 9 GeV/c in a triggered bubble chamber experiment at the SLAC Hybrid Facility. (author)

  13. Z Boson Pair Production in e^+ e^- Collisions at √s between 183 and 202, GeV with the OPAL detector at LEP

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Dae Hwan; Strom, David

    2000-05-01

    A study of Z boson pair production in e^+ e^- annihilation at center-of-mass energies between 183, GeV and 202, GeV is reported. Final states containing only leptons, (l l l l and l l ν ν), quark and lepton pairs, (qq l l, qq ν ν) and the all-hadronic final state (qqqq) are considered. In all states with at least one Z boson decaying hadronically, q barq and b barb final states are considered separately using lifetime and event-shape tags, thereby improving the cross-section measurement. Limits on anomalous ZZγ and ZZZ couplings are derived.

  14. ApoA-I mutations, L202P and K131del, in HDL from heterozygotes with low HDL-C

    OpenAIRE

    Ljunggren, Stefan; Levels, Johannes H. M.; Turkina, Maria V.; Sundberg, Sofie; Bochem, Andrea E.; Hovingh, Kees; Holleboom, Adriaan G; Lindahl, Mats; Kuivenhoven, Jan Albert; Karlsson, Helen

    2014-01-01

    PURPOSE: Mutations in apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) may affect plasma high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels and the risk for cardiovascular disease but little is known about the presence and effects of circulating apoA-I variants. This study investigates whether the apoA-I mutations, apoA-I(L202P) and apoA-I(K131del) , are present on plasma HDL particles derived from heterozygote carriers and whether this is associated to changes in HDL protein composition. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Plas...

  15. Search for Neutral Higgs Bosons of the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model in $e^+ e^-$ Interactions at $\\sqrt{s}$=192-202 GeV

    CERN Document Server

    Acciarri, M; Adriani, O; Aguilar-Benítez, M; Alcaraz, J; Alemanni, G; Allaby, James V; Aloisio, A; Alviggi, M G; Ambrosi, G; Anderhub, H; Andreev, V P; Angelescu, T; Anselmo, F; Arefev, A; Azemoon, T; Aziz, T; Bagnaia, P; Bajo, A; Baksay, L; Balandras, A; Baldew, S V; Todorova-Nová, S; Banerjee, Sw; Barczyk, A; Barillère, R; Bartalini, P; Basile, M; Batalova, N; Battiston, R; Bay, A; Becattini, F; Becker, U; Behner, F; Bellucci, L; Berbeco, R; Berdugo, J; Berges, P; Bertucci, B; Betev, B L; Bhattacharya, S; Biasini, M; Biland, A; Blaising, J J; Blyth, S C; Bobbink, Gerjan J; Böhm, A; Boldizsar, L; Borgia, B; Bourilkov, D; Bourquin, Maurice; Braccini, S; Branson, J G; Brochu, F; Buffini, A; Buijs, A; Burger, J D; Burger, W J; Cai, X D; Capell, M; Cara Romeo, G; Carlino, G; Cartacci, A M; Casaus, J; Castellini, G; Cavallari, F; Cavallo, N; Cecchi, C; Cerrada, M; Cesaroni, F; Chamizo-Llatas, M; Chang, Y H; Chaturvedi, U K; Chemarin, M; Chen, A; Chen, G; Chen, G M; Chen, H F; Chen, H S; Chiefari, G; Cifarelli, Luisa; Cindolo, F; Civinini, C; Clare, I; Clare, R; Coignet, G; Colino, N; Costantini, S; Cotorobai, F; de la Cruz, B; Csilling, Akos; Cucciarelli, S; Dai, T S; van Dalen, J A; D'Alessandro, R; De Asmundis, R; Déglon, P L; Degré, A; Deiters, K; Della Volpe, D; Delmeire, E; Denes, P; De Notaristefani, F; De Salvo, A; Diemoz, M; Dierckxsens, M; Van Dierendonck, D N; Dionisi, C; Dittmar, Michael; Dominguez, A; Doria, A; Dova, M T; Duchesneau, D; Dufournaud, D; Duinker, P; El-Mamouni, H; Engler, A; Eppling, F J; Erné, F C; Ewers, A; Extermann, Pierre; Fabre, M; Falagán, M A; Falciano, S; Favara, A; Fay, J; Fedin, O; Felcini, Marta; Ferguson, T; Fesefeldt, H S; Fiandrini, E; Field, J H; Filthaut, Frank; Fisher, P H; Fisk, I; Forconi, G; Freudenreich, Klaus; Furetta, C; Galaktionov, Yu; Ganguli, S N; García-Abia, P; Gataullin, M; Gau, S S; Gentile, S; Gheordanescu, N; Giagu, S; Gong, Z F; Grenier, G; Grimm, O; Grünewald, M W; Guida, M; van Gulik, R; Gupta, V K; Gurtu, A; Gutay, L J; Haas, D; Hasan, A; Hatzifotiadou, D; Hebbeker, T; Hervé, A; Hidas, P; Hirschfelder, J; Hofer, H; Holzner, G; Hoorani, H; Hou, S R; Hu, Y; Iashvili, I; Jin, B N; Jones, L W; de Jong, P; Josa-Mutuberria, I; Khan, R A; Käfer, D; Kaur, M; Kienzle-Focacci, M N; Kim, D; Kim, J K; Kirkby, Jasper; Kiss, D; Kittel, E W; Klimentov, A; König, A C; Kopal, M; Kopp, A; Koutsenko, V F; Kräber, M H; Krämer, R W; Krenz, W; Krüger, A; Kunin, A; Ladrón de Guevara, P; Laktineh, I; Landi, G; Lebeau, M; Lebedev, A; Lebrun, P; Lecomte, P; Lecoq, P; Le Coultre, P; Lee, H J; Le Goff, J M; Leiste, R; Levchenko, P M; Li Chuan; Likhoded, S A; Lin, C H; Lin, W T; Linde, Frank L; Lista, L; Liu, Z A; Lohmann, W; Longo, E; Lü, Y S; Lübelsmeyer, K; Luci, C; Luckey, D; Lugnier, L; Luminari, L; Lustermann, W; Ma Wen Gan; Maity, M; Malgeri, L; Malinin, A; Maña, C; Mangeol, D J J; Mans, J; Marian, G; Martin, J P; Marzano, F; Mazumdar, K; McNeil, R R; Mele, S; Merola, L; Meschini, M; Metzger, W J; Von der Mey, M; Mihul, A; Milcent, H; Mirabelli, G; Mnich, J; Mohanty, G B; Moulik, T; Muanza, G S; Muijs, A J M; Musicar, B; Musy, M; Napolitano, M; Nessi-Tedaldi, F; Newman, H; Niessen, T; Nisati, A; Nowak, H; Ofierzynski, R A; Organtini, G; Oulianov, A; Palomares, C; Pandoulas, D; Paoletti, S; Paolucci, P; Paramatti, R; Park, H K; Park, I H; Passaleva, G; Patricelli, S; Paul, T; Pauluzzi, M; Paus, C; Pauss, Felicitas; Pedace, M; Pensotti, S; Perret-Gallix, D; Petersen, B; Piccolo, D; Pierella, F; Pieri, M; Piroué, P A; Pistolesi, E; Plyaskin, V; Pohl, M; Pozhidaev, V; Postema, H; Pothier, J; Prokofiev, D O; Prokofev, D; Quartieri, J; Rahal-Callot, G; Rahaman, M A; Raics, P; Raja, N; Ramelli, R; Rancoita, P G; Ranieri, R; Raspereza, A V; Raven, G; Razis, P A; Ren, D; Rescigno, M; Reucroft, S; Riemann, S; Riles, K; Rodin, J; Roe, B P; Romero, L; Rosca, A; Rosier-Lees, S; Roth, S; Rosenbleck, C; Roux, B; Rubio, Juan Antonio; Ruggiero, G; Rykaczewski, H; Saremi, S; Sarkar, S; Salicio, J; Sánchez, E; Sanders, M P; Schäfer, C; Shchegelskii, V; Schmidt-Kärst, S; Schmitz, D; Schopper, Herwig Franz; Schotanus, D J; Schwering, G; Sciacca, C; Seganti, A; Servoli, L; Shevchenko, S; Shivarov, N; Shoutko, V; Shumilov, E; Shvorob, A V; Siedenburg, T; Son, D; Smith, B; Spillantini, P; Steuer, M; Stickland, D P; Stone, A; Stoyanov, B; Strässner, A; Sudhakar, K; Sultanov, G G; Sun, L Z; Sushkov, S V; Suter, H; Swain, J D; Szillási, Z; Sztaricskai, T; Tang, X W; Tauscher, Ludwig; Taylor, L; Tellili, B; Teyssier, D; Timmermans, C; Ting, Samuel C C; Ting, S M; Tonwar, S C; Tóth, J; Tully, C; Tung, K L; Uchida, Y; Ulbricht, J; Valente, E; Vesztergombi, G; Vetlitskii, I; Vicinanza, D; Viertel, Gert M; Villa, S; Vivargent, M; Vlachos, S; Vodopyanov, I; Vogel, H; Vogt, H; Vorobev, I; Vorobyov, A A; Vorvolakos, A; Wadhwa, M; Wallraff, W; Wang, M; Wang, X L; Wang, Z M; Weber, A; Weber, M; Wienemann, P; Wilkens, H; Wu, S X; Wynhoff, S; Xia, L; Xu, Z Z; Yamamoto, J; Yang, B Z; Yang, C G; Yang, H J; Yang, M; Ye, J B; Yeh, S C; Zalite, A; Zalite, Yu; Zhang, Z P; Zhu, G Y; Zhu, R Y; Zichichi, A; Zilizi, G; Zimmermann, B; Zöller, M

    2001-01-01

    A search for the lightest neutral CP-even and the neutral CP-odd Higgs bosons of the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model is performed using 233.2 pb-1 of integrated luminosity collected with the L3 detector at LEP at centre-of-mass energies 192-202 GeV. No signal is observed and lower mass limits are given as a function of tan(beta) for two scalar top mixing hypotheses. For tan(beta) greater than 0.8, they are mh > 83.4 GeV and mA > 83.8 GeV at 95 % confidence level.

  16. Multi-Objective Optimization ( Surface Roughness & Material Removal Rate of Aisi 202 Grade Stainless Steel in Cnc Turning Using Extended Taguchi Method And Grey Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Er.Ankush Aggarwal

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The present study applied Taguchi method through a case study in straight turning of AISI 202 stainless steel bar on CNC Machine ( Mfd by ACE DESIGNERS using Titanium Carbide tool for the optimization of Material removal rate, Surface Roughness and tool wear process parameter.The study aimed at evaluating the best process environment which could simultaneously satisfy requirements of both quality as well as productivity with special emphasis on maximizing material removal rate and minimizing surface roughness and tool flank wear at various combination of cutting speed, feed, depth of cut. The predicted optimal setting ensured maximum MRR and minimum surface roughness and tool wear. Since optimum material removal rate is desired, so higher the better criteria of Taguchi signal to noise ratio is used for MRR – SNs = -10 log(Sy2 /n

  17. Measurements of the Cross Sections for Open Charm and Beauty Production in $\\gamma\\gamma$ Collisions at $\\sqrt{s}$ = 189-202 GeV

    CERN Document Server

    Acciarri, M; Adriani, O; Aguilar-Benítez, M; Alcaraz, J; Alemanni, G; Allaby, James V; Aloisio, A; Alviggi, M G; Ambrosi, G; Anderhub, H; Andreev, V P; Angelescu, T; Anselmo, F; Arefev, A; Azemoon, T; Aziz, T; Bagnaia, P; Bajo, A; Baksay, L; Balandras, A; Baldew, S V; Todorova-Nová, S; Banerjee, Sw; Barczyk, A; Barillère, R; Bartalini, P; Basile, M; Batalova, N; Battiston, R; Bay, A; Becattini, F; Becker, U; Behner, F; Bellucci, L; Berbeco, R; Berdugo, J; Berges, P; Bertucci, B; Betev, B L; Bhattacharya, S; Biasini, M; Biland, A; Blaising, J J; Blyth, S C; Bobbink, Gerjan J; Böhm, A; Boldizsar, L; Borgia, B; Bourilkov, D; Bourquin, Maurice; Braccini, S; Branson, J G; Brochu, F; Buffini, A; Buijs, A; Burger, J D; Burger, W J; Cai, X D; Capell, M; Cara Romeo, G; Carlino, G; Cartacci, A M; Casaus, J; Castellini, G; Cavallari, F; Cavallo, N; Cecchi, C; Cerrada-Canales, M; Cesaroni, F; Chamizo-Llatas, M; Chang, Y H; Chaturvedi, U K; Chemarin, M; Chen, A; Chen, G; Chen, G M; Chen, H F; Chen, H S; Chiefari, G; Cifarelli, Luisa; Cindolo, F; Civinini, C; Clare, I; Clare, R; Coignet, G; Colino, N; Costantini, S; Cotorobai, F; de la Cruz, B; Csilling, Akos; Cucciarelli, S; Dai, T S; van Dalen, J A; D'Alessandro, R; De Asmundis, R; Déglon, P L; Degré, A; Deiters, K; Della Volpe, D; Delmeire, E; Denes, P; De Notaristefani, F; De Salvo, A; Diemoz, M; Dierckxsens, M; Van Dierendonck, D N; Dionisi, C; Dittmar, Michael; Dominguez, A; Doria, A; Dova, M T; Duchesneau, D; Dufournaud, D; Duinker, P; Durán, I; El-Mamouni, H; Engler, A; Eppling, F J; Erné, F C; Ewers, A; Extermann, Pierre; Fabre, M; Falagán, M A; Falciano, S; Favara, A; Fay, J; Fedin, O; Felcini, Marta; Ferguson, T; Fesefeldt, H S; Fiandrini, E; Field, J H; Filthaut, Frank; Fisher, P H; Fisk, I; Forconi, G; Freudenreich, Klaus; Furetta, C; Galaktionov, Yu; Ganguli, S N; García-Abia, P; Gataullin, M; Gau, S S; Gentile, S; Gheordanescu, N; Giagu, S; Gong, Z F; Grenier, G; Grimm, O; Grünewald, M W; Guida, M; van Gulik, R; Gupta, V K; Gurtu, A; Gutay, L J; Haas, D; Hasan, A; Hatzifotiadou, D; Hebbeker, T; Hervé, A; Hidas, P; Hirschfelder, J; Hofer, H; Holzner, G; Hoorani, H; Hou, S R; Hu, Y; Iashvili, I; Jin, B N; Jones, L W; de Jong, P; Josa-Mutuberria, I; Khan, R A; Käfer, D; Kaur, M; Kienzle-Focacci, M N; Kim, D; Kim, J K; Kirkby, Jasper; Kiss, D; Kittel, E W; Klimentov, A; König, A C; Kopal, M; Kopp, A; Koutsenko, V F; Kräber, M H; Krämer, R W; Krenz, W; Krüger, A; Kunin, A; Ladrón de Guevara, P; Laktineh, I; Landi, G; Lebeau, M; Lebedev, A; Lebrun, P; Lecomte, P; Lecoq, P; Le Coultre, P; Lee, H J; Le Goff, J M; Leiste, R; Levchenko, P M; Li Chuan; Likhoded, S A; Lin, C H; Lin, W T; Linde, Frank L; Lista, L; Liu, Z A; Lohmann, W; Longo, E; Lü, Y S; Lübelsmeyer, K; Luci, C; Luckey, D; Lugnier, L; Luminari, L; Lustermann, W; Ma Wen Gan; Maity, M; Malgeri, L; Malinin, A; Maña, C; Mangeol, D J J; Mans, J; Marian, G; Martin, J P; Marzano, F; Mazumdar, K; McNeil, R R; Mele, S; Merola, L; Meschini, M; Metzger, W J; Von der Mey, M; Mihul, A; Milcent, H; Mirabelli, G; Mnich, J; Mohanty, G B; Moulik, T; Muanza, G S; Muijs, A J M; Musicar, B; Musy, M; Napolitano, M; Nessi-Tedaldi, F; Newman, H; Niessen, T; Nisati, A; Nowak, H; Ofierzynski, R A; Organtini, G; Oulianov, A; Palomares, C; Pandoulas, D; Paoletti, S; Paolucci, P; Paramatti, R; Park, H K; Park, I H; Passaleva, G; Patricelli, S; Paul, T; Pauluzzi, M; Paus, C; Pauss, Felicitas; Pedace, M; Pensotti, S; Perret-Gallix, D; Petersen, B; Piccolo, D; Pierella, F; Pieri, M; Piroué, P A; Pistolesi, E; Plyaskin, V; Pohl, M; Pozhidaev, V; Postema, H; Pothier, J; Prokofiev, D O; Prokofev, D; Quartieri, J; Rahal-Callot, G; Rahaman, M A; Raics, P; Raja, N; Ramelli, R; Rancoita, P G; Ranieri, R; Raspereza, A V; Raven, G; Razis, P A; Ren, D; Rescigno, M; Reucroft, S; Riemann, S; Riles, K; Rodin, J; Roe, B P; Romero, L; Rosca, A; Rosier-Lees, S; Roth, S; Rosenbleck, C; Rubio, Juan Antonio; Ruggiero, G; Rykaczewski, H; Saremi, S; Sarkar, S; Salicio, J; Sánchez, E; Sanders, M P; Schäfer, C; Shchegelskii, V; Schmidt-Kärst, S; Schmitz, D; Schopper, Herwig Franz; Schotanus, D J; Schwering, G; Sciacca, C; Seganti, A; Servoli, L; Shevchenko, S; Shivarov, N; Shoutko, V; Shumilov, E; Shvorob, A V; Siedenburg, T; Son, D; Smith, B; Spillantini, P; Steuer, M; Stickland, D P; Stone, A; Stoyanov, B; Strässner, A; Sudhakar, K; Sultanov, G G; Sun, L Z; Sushkov, S V; Suter, H; Swain, J D; Szillási, Z; Sztaricskai, T; Tang, X W; Tauscher, Ludwig; Taylor, L; Tellili, B; Timmermans, C; Ting, Samuel C C; Ting, S M; Tonwar, S C; Tóth, J; Tully, C; Tung, K L; Uchida, Y; Ulbricht, J; Valente, E; Vesztergombi, G; Vetlitskii, I; Vicinanza, D; Viertel, Gert M; Villa, S; Vivargent, M; Vlachos, S; Vodopyanov, I; Vogel, H; Vogt, H; Vorobev, I; Vorobyov, A A; Vorvolakos, A; Wadhwa, M; Wallraff, W; Wang, M; Wang, X L; Wang, Z M; Weber, A; Weber, M; Wienemann, P; Wilkens, H; Wu, S X; Wynhoff, S; Xia, L; Xu, Z Z; Yamamoto, J; Yang, B Z; Yang, C G; Yang, H J; Yang, M; Ye, J B; Yeh, S C; Zalite, A; Zalite, Yu; Zhang, Z P; Zhu, G Y; Zhu, R Y; Zichichi, A; Zilizi, G; Zimmermann, B; Zöller, M

    2001-01-01

    The production of c and b quarks in gamma-gamma collisions is studied with the L3 detector at LEP with 410 pb^-1 of data, collected at centre-of-mass energies from 189 GeV to 202 GeV. Hadronic final states containing c and b quarks are identified by detecting electrons or muons from their semileptonic decays. The cross sections sigma(e+e- -> e+e- c c~ X) and sigma(e+e- -> e+e- b b~ X) are measured and compared to next-to-leading order perturbative QCD calculations. The cross section of b production is measured in gamma-gamma collisions for the first time. It is in excess of the QCD prediction by a factor of three.

  18. Search for Charged Higgs Bosons in $e^{+}e^{-}$ Collisions at Centre-of-Mass Energies up to 202 GeV

    CERN Document Server

    Acciarri, M; Adriani, O; Aguilar-Benítez, M; Alcaraz, J; Alemanni, G; Allaby, James V; Aloisio, A; Alviggi, M G; Ambrosi, G; Anderhub, H; Andreev, V P; Angelescu, T; Anselmo, F; Arefev, A; Azemoon, T; Aziz, T; Bagnaia, P; Bajo, A; Baksay, L; Balandras, A; Baldew, S V; Banerjee, S; Banerjee, Sw; Barczyk, A; Barillère, R; Bartalini, P; Basile, M; Battiston, R; Bay, A; Becattini, F; Becker, U; Behner, F; Bellucci, L; Berbeco, R; Berdugo, J; Berges, P; Bertucci, B; Betev, B L; Bhattacharya, S; Biasini, M; Biland, A; Blaising, J J; Blyth, S C; Bobbink, Gerjan J; Böhm, A; Boldizsar, L; Borgia, B; Bourilkov, D; Bourquin, Maurice; Braccini, S; Branson, J G; Brochu, F; Buffini, A; Buijs, A; Burger, J D; Burger, W J; Cai, X D; Capell, M; Cara Romeo, G; Carlino, G; Cartacci, A M; Casaus, J; Castellini, G; Cavallari, F; Cavallo, N; Cecchi, C; Cerrada-Canales, M; Cesaroni, F; Chamizo-Llatas, M; Chang, Y H; Chaturvedi, U K; Chemarin, M; Chen, A; Chen, G; Chen, G M; Chen, H F; Chen, H S; Chiefari, G; Cifarelli, Luisa; Cindolo, F; Civinini, C; Clare, I; Clare, R; Coignet, G; Colino, N; Costantini, S; Cotorobai, F; de la Cruz, B; Csilling, Akos; Cucciarelli, S; Dai, T S; van Dalen, J A; D'Alessandro, R; De Asmundis, R; Déglon, P L; Degré, A; Deiters, K; Della Volpe, D; Delmeire, E; Denes, P; De Notaristefani, F; De Salvo, A; Diemoz, M; Dierckxsens, M; Van Dierendonck, D N; Dionisi, C; Dittmar, Michael; Dominguez, A; Doria, A; Dova, M T; Duchesneau, D; Dufournaud, D; Duinker, P; Durán, I; El-Mamouni, H; Engler, A; Eppling, F J; Erné, F C; Extermann, Pierre; Fabre, M; Falagán, M A; Falciano, S; Favara, A; Fay, J; Fedin, O; Felcini, Marta; Ferguson, T; Fesefeldt, H S; Fiandrini, E; Field, J H; Filthaut, Frank; Fisher, P H; Fisk, I; Forconi, G; Freudenreich, Klaus; Furetta, C; Galaktionov, Yu; Ganguli, S N; García-Abia, P; Gataullin, M; Gau, S S; Gentile, S; Gheordanescu, N; Giagu, S; Gong, Z F; Grenier, G; Grimm, O; Grünewald, M W; Guida, M; van Gulik, R; Gupta, V K; Gurtu, A; Gutay, L J; Haas, D; Hasan, A; Hatzifotiadou, D; Hebbeker, T; Hervé, A; Hidas, P; Hirschfelder, J; Hofer, H; Holzner, G; Hoorani, H; Hou, S R; Hu, Y; Iashvili, I; Jin, B N; Jones, L W; de Jong, P; Josa-Mutuberria, I; Khan, R A; Kaur, M; Kienzle-Focacci, M N; Kim, D; Kim, J K; Kirkby, Jasper; Kiss, D; Kittel, E W; Klimentov, A; König, A C; Kopp, A; Koutsenko, V F; Kräber, M H; Krämer, R W; Krenz, W; Krüger, A; Kunin, A; Ladrón de Guevara, P; Laktineh, I; Landi, G; Lebeau, M; Lebedev, A; Lebrun, P; Lecomte, P; Lecoq, P; Le Coultre, P; Lee, H J; Le Goff, J M; Leiste, R; Levchenko, P M; Li Chuan; Likhoded, S A; Lin, C H; Lin, W T; Linde, Frank L; Lista, L; Liu, Z A; Lohmann, W; Longo, E; Lü, Y S; Lübelsmeyer, K; Luci, C; Luckey, D; Lugnier, L; Luminari, L; Lustermann, W; Ma Wen Gan; Maity, M; Malgeri, L; Malinin, A; Maña, C; Mangeol, D J J; Mans, J; Marian, G; Martin, J P; Marzano, F; Mazumdar, K; McNeil, R R; Mele, S; Merola, L; Meschini, M; Metzger, W J; Von der Mey, M; Mihul, A; Milcent, H; Mirabelli, G; Mnich, J; Mohanty, G B; Moulik, T; Muanza, G S; Muijs, A J M; Musicar, B; Musy, M; Napolitano, M; Nessi-Tedaldi, F; Newman, H; Niessen, T; Nisati, A; Nowak, H; Ofierzynski, R A; Organtini, G; Oulianov, A; Palomares, C; Pandoulas, D; Paoletti, S; Paolucci, P; Paramatti, R; Park, H K; Park, I H; Passaleva, G; Patricelli, S; Paul, T; Pauluzzi, M; Paus, C; Pauss, Felicitas; Pedace, M; Pensotti, S; Perret-Gallix, D; Petersen, B; Piccolo, D; Pierella, F; Pieri, M; Piroué, P A; Pistolesi, E; Plyaskin, V; Pohl, M; Pozhidaev, V; Postema, H; Pothier, J; Prokofiev, D O; Prokofev, D; Quartieri, J; Rahal-Callot, G; Rahaman, M A; Raics, P; Raja, N; Ramelli, R; Rancoita, P G; Ranieri, R; Raspereza, A V; Raven, G; Razis, P A; Ren, D; Rescigno, M; Reucroft, S; Riemann, S; Riles, K; Rodin, J; Roe, B P; Romero, L; Rosca, A; Rosier-Lees, S; Rubio, Juan Antonio; Ruggiero, G; Rykaczewski, H; Saremi, S; Sarkar, S; Salicio, J; Sánchez, E; Sanders, M P; Sarakinos, M E; Schäfer, C; Shchegelskii, V; Schmidt-Kärst, S; Schmitz, D; Schopper, Herwig Franz; Schotanus, D J; Schwering, G; Sciacca, C; Seganti, A; Servoli, L; Shevchenko, S; Shivarov, N; Shoutko, V; Shumilov, E; Shvorob, A V; Siedenburg, T; Son, D; Smith, B; Spillantini, P; Steuer, M; Stickland, D P; Stone, A; Stoyanov, B; Strässner, A; Sudhakar, K; Sultanov, G G; Sun, L Z; Suter, H; Swain, J D; Szillási, Z; Sztaricskai, T; Tang, X W; Tauscher, Ludwig; Taylor, L; Tellili, B; Timmermans, C; Ting, Samuel C C; Ting, S M; Tonwar, S C; Tóth, J; Tully, C; Tung, K L; Uchida, Y; Ulbricht, J; Valente, E; Vesztergombi, G; Vetlitskii, I; Vicinanza, D; Viertel, Gert M; Villa, S; Vivargent, M; Vlachos, S; Vodopyanov, I; Vogel, H; Vogt, H; Vorobev, I; Vorobyov, A A; Vorvolakos, A; Wadhwa, M; Wallraff, W; Wang, M; Wang, X L; Wang, Z M; Weber, A; Weber, M; Wienemann, P; Wilkens, H; Wu, S X; Wynhoff, S; Xia, L; Xu, Z Z; Yamamoto, J; Yang, B Z; Yang, C G; Yang, H J; Yang, M; Ye, J B; Yeh, S C; Zalite, A; Zalite, Yu; Zhang, Z P; Zhu, G Y; Zhu, R Y; Zichichi, A; Zilizi, G; Zimmermann, B; Zöller, M

    2000-01-01

    A search for pair-produced charged Higgs bosons is performed with the L3 detector at LEP using data collected at centre-of-mass energies between 192 and 202 GeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 233.2 pb^-1. Decays into a charm and a strange quark or into a tau lepton and its neutrino are considered. The observed events are consistent with the expectations from Standard Model background processes. Including data taken at lower centre-of-mass energies, lower limits on the charged Higgs mass are derived at the 95% confidence level. They vary from 67.4 to 79.9GeV as a function of the H^+/- --> tau nu branching ratio.

  19. OPTIMIZATION OF PROCESS PARAMETERS TO MINIMIZE ANGULAR DISTORTION IN GAS TUNGSTEN ARC WELDED STAINLESS STEEL 202 GRADE PLATES USING PARTICLE SWARM OPTIMIZATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. SUDHAKARAN

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a study on optimization of process parameters using particle swarm optimization to minimize angular distortion in 202 grade stainless steel gas tungsten arc welded plates. Angular distortion is a major problem and most pronounced among different types of distortion in butt welded plates. The process control parameters chosen for the study are welding gun angle, welding speed, plate length, welding current and gas flow rate. The experiments were conducted using design of experiments technique with five factor five level central composite rotatable design with full replication technique. A mathematical model was developed correlating the process parameters with angular distortion. A source code was developed in MATLAB 7.6 to do the optimization. The optimal process parameters gave a value of 0.0305° for angular distortion which demonstrates the accuracy of the model developed. The results indicate that the optimized values for the process parameters are capable of producing weld with minimum distortion.

  20. Contribution to thermochemical studies of 0.8[xB2O3-(1-x)SiO2]-0.2Na2O glasses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    A.E Ahoussou; J.Rogez; A.Yapi; V.Mikalean; A.Kone

    2009-01-01

    Calorimetric measurements in 0.8[xB2O3-(1-x)SiO2]-0.2Na2O glasses and melts are performed in HF calorimetry at 298 K and lead borate calorimetry at 973 K,respectively.Mixing enthalpy is affected by both temperature and composition.At 298 K,the mixing enthalpies are slightly negative and components are miscible at that temperature in the whole composition range.At 973 K,the sign of the mixing enthalpies reflect the tendency to phase separation at silica-rich compositions,which is avoided for kinetic reasons as shown by SEM results.Therefore,one is tempted to consider the quenched 0.8[xB2O3-(1-x)SiO2-0.20Na2O]glasses and melts as single-phase materials.

  1. CLL Exosomes Modulate the Transcriptome and Behaviour of Recipient Stromal Cells and Are Selectively Enriched in miR-202-3p.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mosavar Farahani

    Full Text Available Bi-directional communication with the microenvironment is essential for homing and survival of cancer cells with implications for disease biology and behaviour. In chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL, the role of the microenvironment on malignant cell behaviour is well described. However, how CLL cells engage and recruit nurturing cells is poorly characterised. Here we demonstrate that CLL cells secrete exosomes that are nanovesicles originating from the fusion of multivesicular bodies with the plasma membrane, to shuttle proteins, lipids, microRNAs (miR and mRNAs to recipient cells. We characterise and confirm the size (50-100 nm and identity of the CLL-derived exosomes by Electron microscopy (EM, Atomic force microscopy (AFM, flow cytometry and western blotting using both exosome- and CLL-specific markers. Incubation of CLL-exosomes, derived either from cell culture supernatants or from patient plasma, with human stromal cells shows that they are readily taken up into endosomes, and induce expression of genes such as c-fos and ATM as well as enhance proliferation of recipient HS-5 cells. Furthermore, we show that CLL exosomes encapsulate abundant small RNAs and are enriched in certain miRs and specifically hsa-miR-202-3p. We suggest that such specific packaging of miR-202-3p into exosomes results in enhanced expression of 'suppressor of fused' (Sufu, a Hedgehog (Hh signalling intermediate, in the parental CLL cells. Thus, our data show that CLL cells secrete exosomes that alter the transcriptome and behaviour of recipient cells. Such communication with microenvironment is likely to have an important role in CLL disease biology.

  2. The Endicott Report: Trends in the Employment of College and University Graduates in Business and Industry. 1978. Thirty-Second Annual Report. A Survey of 202 Well-Known Business and Industrial Concerns.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Endicott, Frank S.

    A total of 202 companies responded to a survey of policy and practice in the employment of university and college graduates in business and industry. Among results of the survey were that 54 percent of the respondents indicated that business outlook was better than 1977 and that they planned to contact the same number of colleges as last year. The…

  3. Longitudinal ocular survey of 202 Filipino patients with multi-bacillary (MB) leprosy treated with 2 year WHO-multiple drug therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ravanes, Jesus M; Cellona, Roland V; Balagon, Marivic; Abalos, Rodolfo M; Walsh, Gerald P; Walsh, Douglas S

    2011-03-01

    The aim of this study was to describe the ocular conditions in multibacillary (MB) leprosy patients treated with 2 year WHO multiple drug therapy (MDT), consisting of dapsone, clofazimine and rifampin, a regimen expected to reduce ocular complications of leprosy. We conducted comprehensive eye examinations in 202 Filipino MB leprosy patients before, during, and after WHO 2 year MDT. Assessments were carried out for at least 5 years. Inflammatory "lepra" reactions occurred in 62% (reversal reaction, 52%; erythema nodosum leprosum, 10%); most were mild. Eye abnormalities consisted mostly of diminished corneal sensitivity before MDT (6%) and lagopthalmos (n = 7, 3.4%). Six of 7 lagopthalmos cases occurred in a subset of 132 patients with facial patches (5%). Visual acuity scores, intra-ocular pressures and pupil cycle times were unremarkable. Bacillary invasion, keratitis, episcleritis, iridocyclitis, ectropion, synechiae, glaucoma and cataract formation were not detected. Scleral clofazimine pigmentation was frequent, resolving in most within 3 years of treatment cessation. Facial patches at presentation may denote a higher risk for lagopthalmos. We propose the generally low rates of ocular problems reflected mild lepra reactions, due to anti-inflammatory properties of clofazimine, a relatively young cohort, and a readily accessible community-based clinic permitting earlier diagnosis and prompt treatment.

  4. Optimization of Process Parameters to Minimize Angular Distortion in Gas Tungsten Arc Welded Stainless Steel 202 Grade Plates Using Genetic Algorithms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sudhakaran .R,

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a study on optimization of process parameters using genetic algorithm to minimize angular distortion in 202 grade stainless steel gas tungsten arc welded plates. Angular distortion is a major problem and most pronounced among different types of distortion in butt welded plates. The extent of distortion depends onthe welding process control parameters. The important process control parameters chosen for study are gun angle (θ, welding speed (V, plate length (L, welding current (I and gas flow rate (Q. The experiments are conducted based on five factor five level central composite rotatable designs with full replication technique. A mathematical model was developed correlating the process parameters and the angular distortion. The developed model is checked for the adequacy based on ANOVA analysis and accuracy of prediction by confirmatory test. The optimization of process parameters was done using genetic algorithms (GA. A source code was developed using C language to do the optimization. The optimal process parameters gave a value of 0.000379° for angular distortion which demonstrates the accuracy and effectiveness of the model presented and program developed. The obtained results indicate that the optimized parameters are capable of producing weld with minimum distortion.

  5. 北京市大兴区202例重症高危妊娠孕产妇危险因素分析及管理对策%High risk factors and management measures on 202 cases of maternal high-risk pregnancy in Daxing district of Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李砚颖

    2016-01-01

    Objective To analyze the high risk factors of maternal high-risk pregnancy of Daxing district in Beijing, in order to provide the basis for scientific and effective management. Methods A total of 202 maternal high-risk pregnancys from October 2014 to September 2015 in 20 district health stations,10 midwifery institutions of obstetric outpatient service in Daxing District were selected,which were screening and management according to the ﹤Classification Standard of Maternal Risk Factors in Beijing City ﹥ and ﹤ Job Specification of Management of High Risk Pregnant Women in Beijing Daxing District﹥. The classification was according to the city,the other region of the country,the maternal age,register time,pregnancy history, time of onset,reporting to the department,outcome,times of prenatal examination were calculated,the risk factors and differ-ent pregnancy outcome were calculated. Results Among 202 maternal high-risk pregnancy,nonlocal census register was 116 cases,accounted for 55. 50%. Less than or equal to 18 years old of childbirth of pregnant and lying in women in the field of household registration accounted for 0. 99%,which was higher than the residence registration of the municipality;maternal age in the field of household registration accounted for 7. 42%,which was higher than the residence registration of the municipality of 4. 46%;then pregnant multiparous pregnant women in the field of household registration accounted for 34. 65%,which was higher than the residence registration of the municipality of 18. 32%;early pregnancy built nonlocal census register representing 22. 77%,which was lower than the residence registration of the municipality of 35. 64%;estate examination times 8 times in the field of household registration accounted for 2. 48% and higher than that of the city residence,times of prenatal examination more than 12 times nonlocal census register accounted for 17. 33%,which was lower than the city of 26. 73%. 202 severe high risk

  6. Research on the Impact of Institutional Investors on the Stock Price Volatility---Based on 2010 -2011 Data of Shanghai Stock Exchange 202 Samples%机构投资者持股对股价波动性的影响研究--基于2010-2011年沪市202个样本数据的分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    童元松

    2013-01-01

    Equidistant select the 202 stocks listed on the Shanghai Stock Exchange trading as samples , through Stata12 and Excel software, based on binary the classic regression method , empirical analysis suggests that with in-stitutional investors to raise shareholding ratio in late 2011, the increase range of share price is relatively high , but not significantly.There's a significant positive correlation between the shareholding balance of institutional investors and the amount of increase of individual share at the end of two years .The vast majority of rising stocks were bought by institutional investors, which ratio is less than 5%.%  等距离选取了上海证券交易所上市交易的202个股票作为样本,通过 Stata12、Excel 软件,运用二元经典回归方法,实证分析发现随着机构投资者2011年末对个股持股比例的提高,其股价涨幅相对较高,但是不算显著。两年末机构投资者持股差额(2011年末仓位-2010年末仓位)与2011年个股涨幅有显著的正相关关系,上涨的股票几乎全部是具有机构投资者增仓的,绝大多数样本增减仓的比例均不超过5%。

  7. Endovascular Treatment of Pelvic Congestion Syndrome: Visual Analog Scale (VAS) Long-Term Follow-up Clinical Evaluation in 202 Patients

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Laborda, Alicia, E-mail: alaborda@unizar.es; Medrano, Joaquin, E-mail: oauieao@gmail.com [University of Zaragoza, Group of Research in Minimally Invasive Techniques Research (GITMI) (Spain); Blas, Ignacio de, E-mail: deblas@unizar.es [University of Zaragoza, Edificio Hospital Veterinario, Department of Animal Pathology (Unit of Infectious Diseases and Epidemiology) (Spain); Urtiaga, Ignacio, E-mail: info@doctorurtiaga.com [Hospital Clinico Universitario ' Lozano Blesa' , Department of Vascular Surgery (Spain); Carnevale, Francisco Cesar, E-mail: fcarnevale@uol.com.br [University of Sao Paulo, Medical School, Interventional Radiology (Brazil); Gregorio, Miguel A. de, E-mail: mgregori@unizar.es [University of Zaragoza, Group of Research in Minimally Invasive Techniques Research (GITMI) (Spain)

    2013-08-01

    PurposeThis study was designed to evaluate the clinical outcome and patients' satisfaction after a 5 year follow-up period for pelvic congestion syndrome (PCS) coil embolization in patients who suffered from chronic pelvic pain that initially consulted for lower limb venous insufficiency.MethodsA total of 202 patients suffering from chronic pelvic pain were recruited prospectively in a single center (mean age 43.5 years; range 27-57) where they were being treated for lower limb varices. Inclusion criteria were: lower limb varices and chronic pelvic pain (>6 months), >6 mm pelvic venous caliber in ultrasonography, and venous reflux or presence of communicating veins. Both ovarian and hypogastric veins were targeted for embolization. Pain level was assessed before and after embolotherapy and during follow-up using a visual analog scale (VAS). Technical and clinical success and recurrence of leg varices were studied. Patients completed a quality questionnaire. Clinical follow-up was performed at 1, 3, and 6 months and every year for 5 years.ResultsTechnical success was 100 %. Clinical success was achieved in 168 patients (93.85 %), with complete disappearance of symptoms in 60 patients (33.52 %). Pain score (VAS) was 7.34 {+-} 0.7 preprocedural versus 0.78 {+-} 1.2 at the end of follow-up (P < 0.0001). Complications were: groin hematoma (n = 6), coil migration (n = 4), and reaction to contrast media (n = 1). Twenty-three cases presented abdominal pain after procedure. In 24 patients (12.5 %), there was recurrence of their leg varices within the follow-up. The mean degree of patients' satisfaction was 7.4/9.ConclusionsCoil embolization of PCS is an effective and safe procedure, with high clinical success rate and degree of satisfaction.

  8. The ordinary means of appeal in criminal law, from the perspective of the provisions of Law no. 202/2010 (“the small reform” and of the new Code of Criminal Procedure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anca-Lelia LORINCZ

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Aiming to ensure the celerity of the Romanian criminal trial, the legislative changes of the present Code of Criminal Procedure through Law no. 202/2010 have impacted also the matter of appeals, leading to fewer degrees of jurisdiction in most criminal cases.The actual Romanian Code of Criminal Procedure governs, as a general rule, the triple level of jurisdiction in criminal matters, dedicating two ordinary means of attack: the appeal and the recourse; consequently to the legislative changes of the present Code of Criminal Procedure (through Law no.202/2010, only the cases that are first trialed in a court can still undergo both ordinary means of attack. Also, Law no.135/2010 regarding the new Code of Criminal Procedure brings changes with regard to ordinary means of attack, and, implicitly, with regard to the levels of jurisdiction. Thus, with the purpose of ensuring the celerity of the criminal trial and the acceleration of the settlement of the criminal cases, under the circumstances in which there will be an increase of guarantees in the criminal prosecution phase and in the first instance trial, in the matter of means of attack the new code stipulates the ordinary means of attack of appeal, fully devolutive. Regarding the recourse, this will become an extraordinary means of attack (under the name of recourse in cassation, exercised only in exceptional cases and only for reasons of illegality.

  9. Neutron Energy Spectra from Neutron Induced Fission of 235U at 0.95 MeV a of 238U at 1.35 and 2.02 MeV

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The shapes of fission neutron spectra are of interest for power reactor calculations. Recently it has been suggested that the neutron induced fission spectrum of 235U may be harder than was earlier assumed. For this reason measurements of the neutron spectra of some fissile isotopes are in progress at our laboratory. This report will present results from studies of the energy spectra of the neutrons emitted in the neutron induced fission of 235U and 238U. The measurements were performed at an incident neutron energy of 0.95 MeV for 235U and at energies of 1.35 and 2.02 MeV for 238U using time-of-flight techniques. The time-of-flight spectra were only analysed at energies higher than those of the incident neutrons and up to about 10 MeV. Corrections for neutron attenuation in the uranium samples were calculated using a Monte Carlo program. The corrected fission neutron spectra were fitted to Maxwellian temperature distributions. For 235U a temperature of 1.27 ± 0.01 MeV gives the best fit to the experimental data and for 238U the corresponding values are 1.29 ± 0.03 MeV at 1.35 MeV and 1.29 ± 0.02 MeV at 2.02 MeV

  10. Coating of a layer of Au on Al13 : The findings of icosahedral Al@Al12Au20- and Al12Au202- fullerenes using ab initio pseudopotential calculations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Vijay

    2009-02-01

    We report results of ab initio pseudopotential calculations on the nanocoating of gold on an icosahedral Al13 cluster and the findings of icosahedrally symmetric endohedral Al@Al12Au20- and empty cage Al12Au202- compound fullerenes formed of metal atoms. Twelve Al atoms cap the pentagonal faces of a dodecahedral Au20 cage in which each Au atom has three Al atoms and three Au atoms as nearest neighbors. Mixing of Al13 and Au20 magic clusters leads to a large heat of formation of 0.55 eV/atom and high stability of the Al@Al12Au20 compound fullerene. The binding energies of Al12Au20 and Al@Al12Au20 are 3.017 and 3.007 eV/atom, respectively, which are much larger than 2.457 eV/atom for Au32 fullerene, leading to the possibility of their high abundance.

  11. Evaluation of a Wet Chemistry Method for Isolation of Cyclotron Produced [211At]Astatine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shigeki Watanabe

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available A “wet chemistry” approach for isolation of 211At from an irradiated bismuth target is described. The approach involves five steps: (1 dissolution of bismuth target in conc. HNO3; (2 removal of the HNO3 by distillation; (3 dissolution of residue in 8 M HCl; (4 extraction of 211At from 8 M HCl into DIPE; and (5 extraction of 211At from DIPE into NaOH. Results from 55 “optimized” 211At isolation runs gave recovery yields of approximately 78% after decay and attenuation corrections. An attenuation-corrected average of 26 ± 3 mCi in the target provided isolated (actual yields of 16 ± 3 mCi of 211At. A sixth step, used for purification of 211At from trace metals, was evaluated in seven runs. In those runs, isolated 211At was distilled under reductive conditions to provide an average 71 ± 8% recovery. RadioHPLC analyses of the isolated 211At solutions, both initial and after distillation, were obtained to examine the 211At species present. The primary species of 211At present was astatide, but astatate and unidentified species were also observed. Studies to determine the effect of bismuth attenuation on 211At were conducted to estimate an attenuation factor (~1.33 for adjustment of 211At readings in the bismuth target.

  12. Production of Astatine-211 at the Duke University Medical Center for its regional distribution

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zalutsky, Michael [Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States)

    2016-01-01

    Systemic targeted radiation therapy and radioimmunotherapy continue to be important tools in the treatment of certain cancers. Because of their high energy and short path length, alpha particle emitters such as 211At are more effective than either external beam x- ray or in vivo beta radiation in delivering potentially curative doses of radiation. The limited clinical trials that have been conducted to date have yielded encouraging responses in some patients, e.g., malignant brain tumors. In order to escalate the additional necessary research and development in radiochemistry, radiobiology and efficacy evaluation of alpha particle radiotherapeutics, it is universally agreed that access to an affordable, reliable supply of 211At is warranted. In conjunction with the Department of Energy's intent to enhance stable and radioactive isotope availability for research applications, it is the primary objective of this project to improve 211At production and purification capabilities at Duke so that this radionuclide can be supplied to researchers at other institutions throughout the US.The most widely used 211At production method involves the α,2n reaction on Bismuth using a cyclotron with beams ≤ 28 MeV. Yields can be enhanced with use of an internal target that allows for a higher alpha fluence plus efficient heat dissipation in the target. Both of these items are in place at Duke; however, in order to support production for multi-institutional use, irradiation campaigns in excess of 50 µAp and four hours duration will be needed. Further, post-irradiation processing equipment is lacking that will enable the distribution process. Financial support is sought for i) a shielded, ventilated processing/containment hood; ii) development of a post-irradiation target retrieval system; iii) fabrication of a 211At distillation and recovery module and iv) a performance review and, where needed, an enhancement of seven major subsystems that comprise the CS-30 Cyclotron. With these modifications in place, routine production of ≥200 mCi of At-211 should be readily achievable, given our methodological development of At-211 target preparation, internal target irradiation and dry distillation to recover the radionuclide.

  13. Final Report for grant entitled "Production of Astatine-211 for U.S. Investigators"

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wilbur, Daniel Scott

    2012-12-12

    Alpha-particle emitting radionuclides hold great promise in the therapy of cancer, but few alpha-emitters are available to investigators to evaluate. Of the alpha-emitters that have properties amenable for use in humans, 211At is of particular interest as it does not have alpha-emitting daughter radionuclides. Thus, there is a high interest in having a source of 211At for sale to investigators in the US. Production of 211At is accomplished on a cyclotron using an alpha-particle beam irradiation of bismuth metal. Unfortunately, there are few cyclotrons available that can produce an alpha particle beam for that production. The University of Washington has a cyclotron, one of three in the U.S., that is currently producing 211At. In the proposed studies, the things necessary for production and shipment of 211At to other investigators will be put into place at UW. Of major importance is the efficient production and isolation of 211At in a form that can be readily used by other investigators. In the studies, production of 211At on the UW cyclotron will be optimized by determining the best beam energy and the highest beam current to maximize 211At production. As it would be very difficult for most investigators to isolate the 211At from the irradiated target, the 211At-isolation process will be optimized and automated to more safely and efficiently obtain the 211At for shipment. Additional tasks to make the 211At available for distribution include obtaining appropriate shipping vials and containers, putting into place the requisite standard operating procedures for Radiation Safety compliance at the levels of 211At activity to be produced / shipped, and working with the Department of Energy, Isotope Development and Production for Research and Applications Program, to take orders, make shipments and be reimbursed for costs of production and shipment.

  14. Determination of the $e^+ e^- \\to \\gamma \\gamma(\\gamma)$ cross-section at centre-of-mass energies ranging from 189 GeV to 202 GeV

    CERN Document Server

    Abreu, P; Adye, T; Adzic, P; Albrecht, Z; Alderweireld, T; Alekseev, G D; Alemany, R; Allmendinger, T; Allport, P P; Almehed, S; Amaldi, Ugo; Amapane, N; Amato, S; Anassontzis, E G; Andersson, P; Andreazza, A; Andringa, S; Antilogus, P; Apel, W D; Arnoud, Y; Åsman, B; Augustin, J E; Augustinus, A; Baillon, Paul; Ballestrero, A; Bambade, P; Barão, F; Barbiellini, Guido; Barbier, R; Bardin, Dimitri Yuri; Barker, G; Baroncelli, A; Battaglia, Marco; Baubillier, M; Becks, K H; Begalli, M; Behrmann, A; Beillière, P; Belokopytov, Yu A; Belous, K S; Benekos, N C; Benvenuti, Alberto C; Bérat, C; Berggren, M; Berntzon, L; Bertrand, D; Besançon, M; Bilenky, S M; Bizouard, M A; Bloch, D; Blom, H M; Bonesini, M; Boonekamp, M; Booth, P S L; Borisov, G; Bosio, C; Botner, O; Boudinov, E; Bouquet, B; Bourdarios, C; Bowcock, T J V; Boyko, I; Bozovic, I; Bozzo, M; Bracko, M; Branchini, P; Brenner, R A; Brückman, P; Brunet, J M; Bugge, L; Buran, T; Buschbeck, Brigitte; Buschmann, P; Cabrera, S; Caccia, M; Calvi, M; Camporesi, T; Canale, V; Carena, F; Carroll, L; Castillo-Gimenez, M V; Cattai, A; Cavallo, F R; Chapkin, M M; Charpentier, P; Checchia, P; Chelkov, G A; Chierici, R; Shlyapnikov, P; Chochula, P; Chorowicz, V; Chudoba, J; Cieslik, K; Collins, P; Contri, R; Cortina, E; Cosme, G; Cossutti, F; Costa, M; Crawley, H B; Crennell, D J; Crosetti, G; Cuevas-Maestro, J; Czellar, S; D'Hondt, J; Dalmau, J; Davenport, M; Da Silva, W; Della Ricca, G; Delpierre, P A; Demaria, N; De Angelis, A; de Boer, Wim; De Clercq, C; De Lotto, B; De Min, A; De Paula, L S; Dijkstra, H; Di Ciaccio, Lucia; Dolbeau, J; Doroba, K; Dracos, M; Drees, J; Dris, M; Eigen, G; Ekelöf, T J C; Ellert, M; Elsing, M; Engel, J P; Espirito-Santo, M C; Fanourakis, G K; Fassouliotis, D; Feindt, Michael; Fernández, J; Ferrer, A; Ferrer-Ribas, E; Ferro, F; Firestone, A; Flagmeyer, U; Föth, H; Fokitis, E; Fontanelli, F; Franek, B J; Frodesen, A G; Frühwirth, R; Fulda-Quenzer, F; Fuster, J A; Galloni, A; Gamba, D; Gamblin, S; Gandelman, M; García, C; Gaspar, C; Gaspar, M; Gasparini, U; Gavillet, P; Gazis, E N; Gelé, D; Geralis, T; Ghodbane, N; Gil, I; Glege, F; Gokieli, R; Golob, B; Gómez-Ceballos, G; Gonçalves, P; González-Caballero, I; Gopal, Gian P; Gorn, L; Guz, Yu; Gracco, Valerio; Grahl, J; Graziani, E; Gris, P; Grosdidier, G; Grzelak, K; Guy, J; Haag, C; Hahn, F; Hahn, S; Haider, S; Hajduk, Z; Hallgren, A; Hamacher, K; Hansen, J; Harris, F J; Hauler, F; Hedberg, V; Heising, S; Hernández, J J; Herquet, P; Herr, H; Higón, E; Holmgren, Sven Olof; Holt, P J; Hoorelbeke, S; Houlden, M A; Hrubec, Josef; Huber, M; Hughes, G J; Hultqvist, K; Jackson, J N; Jacobsson, R; Jalocha, P; Janik, R; Jarlskog, C; Jarlskog, G; Jarry, P; Jean-Marie, B; Jeans, D; Johansson, E K; Jönsson, P E; Joram, C; Juillot, P; Jungermann, L; Kapusta, F; Karafasoulis, K; Katsanevas, S; Katsoufis, E C; Keränen, R; Kernel, G; Kersevan, Borut P; Khokhlov, Yu A; Khomenko, B A; Khovanskii, N N; Kiiskinen, A P; King, B J; Kinvig, A; Kjaer, N J; Klapp, O; Kluit, P M; Kokkinias, P; Kostyukhin, V; Kourkoumelis, C; Kuznetsov, O; Krammer, Manfred; Kriznic, E; Krumshtein, Z; Kubinec, P; Kucewicz, W; Kurowska, J; Kurvinen, K L; Lamsa, J; Lane, D W; Lapin, V; Laugier, J P; Lauhakangas, R; Leder, Gerhard; Ledroit, F; Leinonen, L; Leisos, A; Leitner, R; Lemonne, J; Lenzen, Georg; Lepeltier, V; Lethuillier, M; Libby, J; Liebig, W; Liko, D; Lipniacka, A; Lippi, I; Lörstad, B; Loken, J G; Lopes, J H; López, J M; López-Fernandez, R; Loukas, D; Lutz, P; Lyons, L; MacNaughton, J N; Mahon, J R; Maio, A; Malek, A; Maltezos, S; Malychev, V; Mandl, F; Marco, J; Marco, R P; Maréchal, B; Margoni, M; Marin, J C; Mariotti, C; Markou, A; Martínez-Rivero, C; Martí i García, S; Masik, J; Mastroyiannopoulos, N; Matorras, F; Matteuzzi, C; Matthiae, Giorgio; Mazzucato, F; Mazzucato, M; McCubbin, M L; McKay, R; McNulty, R; McPherson, G; Merle, E; Meroni, C; Meyer, W T; Myagkov, A; Migliore, E; Mirabito, L; Mitaroff, Winfried A; Mjörnmark, U; Moa, T; Moch, M; Møller, R; Mönig, K; Monge, M R; Moraes, D; Morettini, P; Morton, G A; Müller, U; Münich, K; Mulders, M; Mulet-Marquis, C; Mundim, L M; Muresan, R; Murray, W J; Muryn, B; Myatt, Gerald; Myklebust, T; Naraghi, F; Nassiakou, M; Navarria, Francesco Luigi; Nawrocki, K; Negri, P; Neufeld, N; Nicolaidou, R; Nielsen, B S; Niezurawski, P; Nikolenko, M; Nomokonov, V P; Nygren, A; Oblakowska-Mucha, A; Obraztsov, V F; Olshevskii, A G; Onofre, A; Orava, Risto; Orazi, G; Österberg, K; Ouraou, A; Oyanguren, A; Paganoni, M; Paiano, S; Pain, R; Paiva, R; Palacios, J; Papadopoulou, T D; Pape, L; Parkes, C; Parodi, F; Parzefall, U; Passeri, A; Passon, O; Pavel, T; Pegoraro, M; Peralta, L; Pernicka, Manfred; Perrotta, A; Petridou, C; Petrolini, A; Phillips, H T; Pierre, F; Pimenta, M; Piotto, E; Podobnik, T; Poireau, V; Pol, M E; Polok, G; Poropat, P; Pozdnyakov, V; Privitera, P; Pukhaeva, N; Pullia, Antonio; Radojicic, D; Ragazzi, S; Rahmani, H; Rames, J; Ratoff, P N; Read, A L; Rebecchi, P; Redaelli, N G; Regler, Meinhard; Rehn, J; Reid, D; Reinertsen, P L; Reinhardt, R; Renton, P B; Resvanis, L K; Richard, F; Rídky, J; Rinaudo, G; Ripp-Baudot, I; Romero, A; Ronchese, P; Rosenberg, E I; Rosinsky, P; Roudeau, Patrick; Rovelli, T; Ruhlmann-Kleider, V; Ruiz, A; Saarikko, H; Sacquin, Yu; Sadovskii, A; Sajot, G; Salt, J; Sampsonidis, D; Sannino, M; Savoy-Navarro, Aurore; Schwemling, P; Schwering, B; Schwickerath, U; Scuri, F; Seager, P; Sedykh, Yu; Segar, A M; Seibert, N; Sekulin, R L; Sette, G; Shellard, R C; Siebel, M; Simard, L C; Simonetto, F; Sissakian, A N; Smadja, G; Smirnova, O G; Smith, G R; Solovyanov, O; Sopczak, André; Sosnowski, R; Spassoff, Tz; Spiriti, E; Squarcia, S; Stanescu, C; Stanitzki, M; Stevenson, K; Stocchi, A; Strauss, J; Strub, R; Stugu, B; Szczekowski, M; Szeptycka, M; Tabarelli de Fatis, T; Taffard, A C; Tegenfeldt, F; Terranova, F; Timmermans, J; Tinti, N; Tkatchev, L G; Tobin, M; Todorova-Nová, S; Tomé, B; Tonazzo, A; Tortora, L; Tortosa, P; Tranströmer, G; Treille, D; Tristram, G; Trochimczuk, M; Troncon, C; Turluer, M L; Tyapkin, I A; Tyapkin, P; Tzamarias, S; Ullaland, O; Uvarov, V; Valenti, G; Vallazza, E; van Dam, P; Van den Boeck, W; Van Eldik, J; Van Lysebetten, A; Van Remortel, N; Van Vulpen, I B; Vegni, G; Ventura, L; Venus, W A; Verbeure, F; Verdier, P; Verlato, M; Vertogradov, L S; Verzi, V; Vilanova, D; Vitale, L; Vlasov, E; Vodopyanov, A S; Voulgaris, G; Vrba, V; Wahlen, H; Washbrook, A J; Weiser, C; Wicke, D; Wickens, J H; Wilkinson, G R; Winter, M; Wolf, G; Yi, J; Yushchenko, O P; Zalewska-Bak, A; Zalewski, Piotr; Zavrtanik, D; Zevgolatakos, E; Zimin, N I; Zinchenko, A I; Zoller, P; Zumerle, G; Zupan, M

    2000-01-01

    A test of the QED process \\eeintogg(\\fot) is reported. The data analysed were collected with the DELPHI detector in 1998 and 1999 at the highest ener\\-gies achieved at LEP, reaching 202 GeV in the centre-of-mass. The total integrated luminosity amounts to 375.7 pb$^{-1}$. The differential and total cross-sections for the process $e^+e^- \\to \\gamma \\gamma$ were measured, and found to be in agreement with the QED prediction. 95\\% Confidence Level (C.L.) lower limits on the QED cut-off parameters of $\\rm \\Lambda_+ >$ 330 GeV and $\\rm \\Lambda_{-}>$ 320 GeV were derived. A 95\\% C.L. lower bound on the mass of an excited electron of 311 $\\rm GeV/c^2$ (for $\\lambda_{\\gamma}$ =1) was obtained. s-channel virtual graviton exchange was searched for, resulting in 95\\% C.L. lower limits on the string mass scale, $\\rm M_S$: $\\rm M_S > 713 \\, GeV/c^2$ ( $\\lambda=1$) and $\\rm M_S > 691 \\,GeV/c^2$ ($\\lambda = -1$).

  15. High-temperature corrosion resistance of NiAl(Cr-Al2O3 coating in N2+9%O2+0.2% HCl+0.08%SO2 atmosphere

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Formanek

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine the resistance of nickel and aluminium intermetallic phase-based coatings, modified with chromium and aluminum oxides, and to determine the hypothetical mechanism of these materials’ corrosion.Design/methodology/approach: The selected results of high temperature corrosion resistance of HVOF sprayed coatings with NiAl intermetallic phases are presented. The aggressive corrosion gas included: N2+9%O2+0.2% HCl+0.08%SO2. The temperature of cyclic corrosion test was 927 K and the exposure time was 500 h. The macro and microstructure of coatings after and before corrosion test were analyzed by optics and scanning microscopy. The thermodynamically diagrams and phase diagrams of corrosion products after the test are presented. The phase composition of corrosion products was determined by X-ray analysys.Findings: The proposed mechanism and growth of corrosion products on the NiAl(Cr-Al2O3coatings are shown. The carried out tests allow the characterisation of the properties of coatings with NiAl phase, and supplement the state of knowledge in the scope of their high temperature corrosion resistance.Practical implications: The new elaborated coating can be applied in elevated temperature and aggressive environments for protection of water walls boilers or waste combustors.Originality/value: The elaboration of proposed mechanism of growth corrosion products on the NiAl(Cr-Al2O3coating and the presentation of reaction during the corrosion process and degradation of coating.

  16. 14 CFR 1214.202 - Reimbursement policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Exceptional Program Selection Process. In all cases, the Administrator will be the selection official. (viii... destination at the time of contract negotiations. The formula for computing the fraction is set forth...

  17. 5 CFR 179.202 - Scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...., travel advances in 5 U.S.C. 5705 and employee training expenses in 5 U.S.C. 4108). (d) Section 179.207... a Federal employee's pay by salary offset to satisfy certain debts owed the Government. (b) These... Federal Employees Health Benefits Act (74 Stat. 849), the Panama Canal Construction Annuity Act and...

  18. 10 CFR 600.202 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... ENERGY (CONTINUED) ASSISTANCE REGULATIONS FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE RULES Uniform Administrative Requirements... price of the property including the cost of modifications, attachments, accessories, or auxiliary... under the United States Housing Act of 1937) school district, special district, intrastate...

  19. 5 CFR 340.202 - General.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... EMPLOYMENT (PART-TIME, SEASONAL, ON-CALL, AND INTERMITTENT) Regulatory Requirements-Part-Time Employment... hours per week. (c) Mixed Tours of Duty. The provisions of this subpart and the term “part-time career... of duty. For this purpose, a mixed tour of duty consists of annually recurring periods of...

  20. 42 CFR 418.202 - Covered services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... must be performed by a doctor of medicine or osteopathy. (d) Counseling services provided to the terminally ill individual and the family members or other persons caring for the individual at home. Counseling, including dietary counseling, may be provided both for the purpose of training the...

  1. 5 CFR 534.202 - Coverage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... this program, provided that the student-employee is a registered student at an accredited academic..., or medical or dental laboratory, will receive experience or training that is required to obtain a... Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS PAY UNDER OTHER SYSTEMS...

  2. 7 CFR 1430.202 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... under a Federal milk marketing order. Contract application means a Milk Income Loss Contract as executed... the Farm Service Agency of the Department. Federal Milk Marketing Order means an order issued under... Agricultural Marketing Agreement Act of 1937. Fiscal Year or FY means the year beginning October 1 and...

  3. 15 CFR 2011.202 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... TRADE REPRESENTATIVE ALLOCATION OF TARIFF-RATE QUOTA ON IMPORTED SUGARS, SYRUPS AND MOLASSES Specialty... glucose), ti light sugar (99.2% sugar with the residual comprised of the artificial sweeteners aspartame and acesulfame K), caster sugar, golden syrup, ferdiana granella grossa, golden granulated...

  4. 7 CFR 760.202 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... eligible loss condition. Nanny means a female goat. Non-adult beef cattle means a beef breed bovine animal... dairy cattle means a bovine dairy breed animal used for the purpose of providing milk for human... conflict with the definitions in this section. Adult beef bull means a male beef breed bovine animal...

  5. 47 CFR 2.202 - Bandwidths.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... carrier Bn=2M+2DK, M=B÷2 B=50, D=35 Hz (70 Hz shift), K=1.2, Bandwidth: 134 Hz 134HJ2B Telegraphy, single... on 6.5 MHz frequency modulated subcarrier deviation=50 kHz: C=6.5×106 D=50×103 Hz, M=15,000...; Synchronized channels; B=100, M=50, D=600 Hz, Bandwidth: 1420 Hz=1.42 kHz 1K42F7B 2. Telephony......

  6. 40 CFR 96.202 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... CAIR SO2 unit or other entity. Allowance transfer deadline means, for a control period, midnight of... transfer must be submitted for recordation in a CAIR SO2 source's compliance account in order to be used to... trees to merchantable material; or (ii) A wood material, including pallets, crates,...

  7. 37 CFR 202.12 - Restored copyrights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... completely electronic submission, with all required elements transmitted to the Office in electronic form; or, the submission may be partially electronic with the application form and fee submitted electronically.../materials, and the appropriate filing fee in check, money order, or deposit account charge, all...

  8. 47 CFR 24.202 - Service areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 1992 Commercial Atlas & Marketing Guide, 123rd Edition, at pages 38-39 (“BTA/MTA Map”). Rand McNally organizes the 50 states and the District of Columbia into 47 MTAs and 487 BTAs. The BTA/MTA Map is available... 12th Street, SW, Washington, DC 20554. (a) The MTA service areas are based on the Rand McNally...

  9. 7 CFR 202.2 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Act (7 CFR part 201). (l) Respondent means the party proceeded against. (m) Secretary means the... Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) FEDERAL SEED ACT FEDERAL SEED...

  10. 18 CFR 157.202 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... facilities. (7) Project means a unit of improvement or construction that is used and useful upon completion... appurtenant facilities, such as heaters, minor gas conditioning, treatment, odorization, and similar equipment... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Definitions....

  11. 45 CFR 160.202 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... State law to a standard, requirement, or implementation specification adopted under this subchapter... requirements; or (2) The provision of State law stands as an obstacle to the accomplishment and execution of... comparison of a provision of State law and a standard, requirement, or implementation specification...

  12. 12 CFR 347.202 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... present whenever there is a high probability that the Deposit Insurance Fund administered by the FDIC may...,000 adjusted pursuant to subparagraph (F) of section 11(a)(1) of the FDI Act (12 U.S.C....

  13. 37 CFR 202.17 - Renewals

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... and may be protected by copyright or neighboring rights in their “source country,” as defined at 17 U... death of the author and with respect to which no copyright assignment or other contract for exploitation of the work occurred during the author's lifetime. (4) For purposes of this section, the...

  14. 40 CFR 59.202 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... asphalt, cork, linoleum, no-wax, rubber, seamless vinyl, and vinyl composite flooring. Floor polish or wax means a wax, polish, or any other product designed to polish, protect, or enhance floor surfaces by leaving a protective coating that is designed to be periodically replenished. “Floor polish or wax”...

  15. 42 CFR 57.202 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... medicine, osteopathic medicine, dentistry, pharmacy, podiatric medicine, optometry, or veterinary medicine... school of medicine, school of dentistry, school of osteopathic medicine, school of pharmacy, school...

  16. 40 CFR 97.202 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ..., flow monitors, diluent gas monitors, and other component parts of the monitoring system to produce a... any other fuel. Cogeneration unit means a stationary, fossil-fuel-fired boiler or stationary, fossil... handling system (DAHS)), a permanent record of sulfur dioxide emissions, stack gas volumetric flow...

  17. 18 CFR 292.202 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... return and/or makeup water); (2) That is used in a heating application (e.g., space heating, domestic hot... energy (such as heat or steam), used for industrial, commercial, heating, or cooling purposes, through... the system is first applied to a useful thermal energy application or process, and at least some...

  18. 42 CFR 414.202 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... definitions apply: Covered item update means the percentage increase in the consumer price index for all urban consumers (U.S. city average) (CPI-U) for the 12-month period ending with June of the previous year. Durable... repeated use; (2) Is primarily and customarily used to serve a medical purpose; (3) Generally is not...

  19. 28 CFR 31.202 - Civil rights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Equal Employment Opportunity Program (EEOP), if required to maintain one under 28 CFR 42.301, et seq... will: (1) Require that every applicant required to formulate an EEOP in accordance with 28 CFR 42.201...,000 or more submit a copy of its EEOP (if required to maintain one under 28 CFR 42.301, et seq.)...

  20. 40 CFR 91.202 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... review of the end-of-year reports or any subsequent audit action(s) uncovers problems or errors. Point of... their average if the engine is exported and subsequently imported into the United States installed in...

  1. 40 CFR 88.202-94 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... vehicles that are produced, sold, and distributed (in accordance with normal business practices and applicable franchise agreements) in the State of California, including owners of covered fleets under...

  2. 7 CFR 400.202 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...), International Business Systems (IBM)-defined, byte controlled communications protocol, using control characters... during the normal operation cycle of the business or within one year if the operation cycle is...

  3. 17 CFR 229.202 - (Item 202) Description of registrant's securities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... purchase in the event of redemption of call, for example, by reading the newspapers in which the notice of... redemption or call, including the cities or newspapers in which notice will be published (where the securities provide for a class of newspapers or group of cities in which the publication may be made at...

  4. 41 CFR 101-42.202 - Identification of hazardous materials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Health Administration (OSHA) regulations found in 29 CFR part 1910 and paragraph 1-602(c) of Executive... only memory (CD-ROM) through the Naval Computer and Telecommunication Area Master Station, Atlantic... OSHA requirements (29 CFR 1910.1200) regarding the actual or potential hazard associated with...

  5. 21 CFR 202.1 - Prescription-drug advertisements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...) * * * (ii) Represents or suggests that a prescription drug is safer or more effective than another drug in some particular when the difference has not been demonstrated by substantial evidence. An advertisement... data or reference to published reports, represent that the drug is safer or more effective than...

  6. 48 CFR 832.202-4 - Security for Government financing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... exposure to financial crisis, and credit arrangements. (d) A statement of the status of all State, local... for Government financing. An offeror's financial condition may be considered adequate security to... offeror's financial condition, the contracting officer may obtain, to the extent required, the...

  7. 43 CFR 20.202 - Ethics program responsibilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... and manage the department's ethics program in accordance with 5 CFR 2638.203. (b) Each Ethics... forth in 5 CFR 2635; all supervisors are expected, therefore, to be familiar with those standards. In addition, any supervisor who grants prior approval of an employee's outside employment under 5 CFR...

  8. Dicty_cDB: VHI202 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 221976 |pid:none) Arabidopsis thaliana mRNA for hypo... 130 2e-29 AK227321_1( AK227321 |pid:none) Arabidopsis thaliana mRNA for hypo...... 130 2e-29 AK230210_1( AK230210 |pid:none) Arabidopsis thaliana mRNA for hypo.

  9. 12 CFR 202.13 - Information for monitoring purposes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... mobile or other manufactured home. (b) Obtaining information. Questions regarding ethnicity, race, sex... basis of visual observation or surname. (d) Substitute monitoring program. A monitoring program...

  10. RCT: 2.02 Communication Systems, Course #33339

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hillmer, Kurt T. [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2016-05-01

    This unit will present an overview of communication systems at LANL. Good communication skills are essential to an RCT. RCTs should develop an ability to communicate, using both verbal and nonverbal media. These skills will ensure that important information is transmitted to the proper individuals in a clear and concise manner.

  11. 32 CFR 202.10 - RAB adjournment and dissolution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... supporting documentation via the chain-of-command to the Military Component's Environmental Deputy Assistant... dissolution, he or she will request, through the chain-of-command to the Military Component's Deputy Assistant... supporting documentation should be sent via the chain-of-command to the Military Component's...

  12. 17 CFR 200.202 - Offices, and information and submittals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... ORGANIZATION; CONDUCT AND ETHICS; AND INFORMATION AND REQUESTS Plan of Organization and Operation Effective... conditions, all formal or informal requests, filings, reports, or other submittals shall be submitted to the Commission as permitted in non-emergency conditions, unless the Chairman or his or her successor...

  13. 48 CFR 15.202 - Advisory multi-step process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... be viable competitors. The presolicitation notice should identify the information that must be... it is unlikely to be a viable competitor. The agency shall advise respondents considered not to be viable competitors of the general basis for that opinion. The agency shall inform all respondents...

  14. 17 CFR 202.4 - Facilitating administrative hearings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... time should file his application or declaration in time to allow for the presentation and consideration... of the case permit (e.g., consideration is usually given to whether the proceeding is contested and..., generally advise as to Commission policy in past cases which dealt with the same subject matter as...

  15. 32 CFR 724.202 - Statutory/Directive Authority.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ..., consisting of five members, to review the discharge or dismissal (other than a discharge or dismissal by sentence of a general court-martial) of any former member of an armed force under the jurisdiction of his... on the records of the armed forces concerned and such other evidence as may be presented to the...

  16. 48 CFR 811.202 - Maintenance of standardization documents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... dairy products, poultry, eggs, fresh and frozen fruits and vegetables, as well as certain packinghouse... Logistics Agency (DLA). Military specifications for poultry, eggs, and egg products contained in Part IV of... poultry purchased under the Subsistence Prime Vendor national contract or other local procurement...

  17. 24 CFR 3285.202 - Soil classifications and bearing capacity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Soil classifications and bearing... Soil classifications and bearing capacity. The soil classification and bearing capacity of the soil... bearing capacity must be determined by one or more of the following methods, unless the soil...

  18. 7 CFR 1219.202 - Exemption for organic Hass avocados.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... avocados. (a) A producer who operates under an approved National Organic Program (NOP) (7 CFR part 205... the NOP (7 CFR part 205) and who is not a split operation shall be exempt from the payment of... CFR 205.201, but not sold, labeled, or represented as organic, shall not disqualify a producer...

  19. 42 CFR 400.202 - Definitions specific to Medicare.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Part C of the title XVIII of the Act. Medicare Part D means the voluntary prescription drug benefit... rehabilitation facility, a home health agency, or a hospice that has in effect an agreement to participate in Medicare, or a clinic, a rehabilitation agency, or a public health agency that has in effect a...

  20. 47 CFR 73.202 - Table of Allotments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 297A Lone Wolf 224A Millerton 265C2 Mooreland 254A, 300C2 Muldrow 286A Okeene 268C3 Pawhuska 233A... 280C VERMONT Albany 233A Canaan 231C3 Poultney 223A VIRGINIA Alberta 299A Belle Haven 252A Iron Gate... Waitsburg 272A WEST VIRGINIA Glenville 299A Marlinton 292A St Marys *287A Wardensville 239A White...

  1. 30 CFR 202.100 - Royalty on oil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... determined in accordance with 30 CFR part 206. (d) If a lessee receives insurance compensation for... communitized leases will be determined in accordance with 30 CFR part 206. In applying the requirements of 30 CFR part 206, the circumstances involved in the actual disposition of the portion of the production...

  2. 12 CFR 202.1 - Authority, scope and purpose.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... credit to all creditworthy applicants without regard to race, color, religion, national origin, sex... requires creditors to notify applicants of action taken on their applications; to report credit history...

  3. 12 CFR Appendix C to Part 202 - Sample Notification Forms

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ..., religion, national origin, sex, marital status, age (provided the applicant has the capacity to enter into...: ___ is not of sufficient length to qualify. ___ could not be verified. Your Credit History: ___ of making... applicants on the basis of race, color, religion, national origin, sex, marital status, age (provided...

  4. 32 CFR 202.4 - Composition of a RAB.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... appropriate. At closing installations where BRAC Cleanup Teams (BCT) exist, representatives of the BCT may... installation and the other the community. Co-chairs shall be responsible for directing and managing the...

  5. 18 CFR 706.202 - Gifts, entertainment, and favors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Gifts, entertainment..., entertainment, and favors. (a) Except as provided in paragraphs (b) and (c) of this section, an employee shall not solicit or accept, directly or indirectly, any gift, gratuity, favor, entertainment, loan, or...

  6. 48 CFR 242.202 - Assignment of contract administration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Defense Energy Support Center, Defense Logistics Agency. (ii) Contract administration functions for base... subcontract that includes foreign contract military sale (FMS) requirements, the contract...

  7. 9 CFR 202.112 - Rule 12: Oral hearing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... employee of the Department in the course of the official duty of such officer or employee, and relevant to the issues involved in the hearing, shall be admissible as prima facie evidence of the facts stated...

  8. 46 CFR 185.202 - Notice of casualty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... does not include the cost of salvage, cleaning, gas freeing, drydocking, or demurrage. (b) A vessel is... reporting requirements of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) in 29 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) part 1904. (c) Notice given as required by § 185.203 satisfies the requirement of...

  9. 46 CFR 122.202 - Notice of marine casualty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Administration (OSHA) in 29 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) part 1904. (c) Notice given as required by § 122... condition before the occurrence, but does not include the cost of salvage, cleaning, gas freeing,...

  10. 9 CFR 202.109 - Rule 9: Depositions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... third degree by blood or marriage), employee, attorney, or representative of any party (or an employee... party offering the transcript or recording has tried without success to procure the attendance of...

  11. 22 CFR 1203.735-202 - Gifts, entertainment, and favors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...; (2) Acceptance of loans from banks or other financial institutions on customary terms to finance..., entertainment, loan, or any other thing of monetary value, from a person who: (1) Has, or is seeking to obtain... the gift with the hope or expectation of obtaining advantage or preferment in dealing with the...

  12. 1935 15' Quad #202 Aerial Photo Mosaic Index

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — Aerial Photo Reference Mosaics contain aerial photographs that are retrievable on a frame by frame basis. The inventory contains imagery from various sources that...

  13. 48 CFR 32.202-4 - Security for Government financing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... conditioned upon a contractor certification that the assets subject to the lien are free from any prior... contractor assets of adequate worth. (e) Management of risk and security. In establishing contract financing.... Contracting officers may be flexible in the choice of assets. The contract must also give the Government...

  14. 21 CFR 202.1 - Prescription-drug advertisements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... failure to disclose that claimed results may be due to concomitant therapy, or by failure to disclose the... the components rather than limiting the indications for use to patients for whom concomitant therapy... scheme, borders, headlines, or copy that extends across the gutter) for the fact that two facing...

  15. 48 CFR 14.202-8 - Electronic bids.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... subpart 4.5, contracting officers may authorize use of electronic commerce for submission of bids. If electronic bids are authorized, the solicitation shall specify the electronic commerce method(s) that bidders... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Electronic bids....

  16. 20 CFR 655.202 - Contents of job offers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 29 CFR 1910.142 or the full set of standards set forth at part 654, subpart E of this chapter, whichever is applicable under the criteria of 20 CFR 654.401; except that, for mobile range housing for... worker may not be required to work for more than 8 hours per workday, or on the worker's Sabbath...

  17. 37 CFR 202.10 - Pictorial, graphic, and sculptural works.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... of such a work is not affected by the intention of the author as to the use of the work or the number... copyright does not give the claimant rights available by trademark registrations at the Patent and...

  18. 5 CFR 950.202 - National/international eligibility requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false National/international eligibility... provided through an “800” telephone number or by disseminating information and publications via the U.S. Postal Service, the internet, or a combination thereof. A schedule listing a detailed description of...

  19. 46 CFR 177.202 - Plans and information required.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ...; (iii) Ventilation diagrams; and (iv) Engine exhaust diagram; (4) Electrical installation including, but... materials; (iv) Type and size of generators and prime movers; (v) Type and size of generator cables, bus-tie... rating and setting of overcurrent devices; and (ix) Electrical plant load analysis. (5)...

  20. Preface: phys. stat. sol. (a) 202/12

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neumann, Wolfgang; Stutzmann, Martin; Hildebrandt, Stefan

    2005-09-01

    The present special issue contains a collection of Original Papers dedicated to Professor Johannes Heydenreich on the occasion of his 75th birthday.Johannes Heydenreich, born on 20 June 1930 in Plauen/Vogtland near Dresden, studied physics at the Pädagogische Hochschule Potsdam, where he obtained his first academic degree Dipl. Phys. in 1958. He received his doctoral degree at the Martin Luther University in Halle in 1961 and the Habilitation degree in 1969. Already during his studies in Potsdam, he showed an interest in electron microscopy due to the influence of his teacher and supervisor Prof. Picht, one of the pioneers in electron optics. His interests were strengthened when Johannes Heydenreich did the experimental work for his Diploma degree at the Institute for Experimental Physics of the University of Halle, where he met Prof. Heinz Bethge for the first time. This was the beginning of a fruitful and longstanding collaboration. In 1962 Johannes Heydenreich joined the team of the later Institute for Solid State Physics and Electron Microscopy of the Academy of Sciences of the GDR, in Halle, for which the basis was laid by Prof. Bethge in 1960.Heydenreich has been working as Assistant Director for many years and played a decisive role in introducing and organising the various techniques of electron microscopy in the institute.The research activities of Prof. Heydenreich covered a broad spectrum over the years. At the beginning of his career he made significant contributions in the field of electron mirror microscopy. After that, his main interests were focused on transmission electron microscopy, ranging from diffraction contrast analysis of crystal defects to high-resolution electron microscopy and image processing. His favourite field was studies of defect-induced phenomena in advanced materials. The so-called Bethge-Heydenreich, the book Electron Microscopy in Solid State Physics, published at first in a German edition in 1982 and later in a revised English edition by Elsevier in 1987, provides an excellent overview both of Heydenreich's work and of the spectrum of the Institute of Solid State Physics and Electron Micros-copy in Halle.The international reputation of this institute was the basis for the transformation of it, after the re-unification of Germany, into the Max Planck Institute of Microstructure Physics, the first institute of the Max Planck Society in the Eastern part of Germany. From the beginning, Prof. Heydenreich was on the Board of Directors and served as the Executive Director from 1993 until his retirement in 1995.During this year, the International Centre of Advanced Materials and Electron Microscopy celebrates its 30th anniversary. The Centre was founded in Halle in 1975 as a Centre of Electron Microscopy for the Eastern countries.A remarkable and time-consuming part of Heydenreich's work was associated with this centre. Young scientists from Eastern Europe were trained in the theoretical and practical aspects of electron microscopy during the annual spring and autumn meetings. All in all, Johannes Heydenreich conducted 35 of these schools! From the beginning, he was a member of the Scientific Council of the Centre, and from 1985 until his retirement he was the Director of the Centre. Nowadays, the Centre acts as a real bridge between East and West largely due to the efforts of Johannes Heydenreich.Furthermore, Johannes Heydenreich had been active as a leading member of various scientific boards for many years. He was a co-editor of several journals covering electron microscopy, solid state physics and crystallography. As a member of the Executive Committee of the European Society for Elec-tron Microscopy (CESEM) for many years, and as a member of the Executive board of the German Soci-ety for Electron Microscopy, Johannes Heydenreich has invested a great deal of time and effort in the welfare of the scientific community.Over the course of nearly three decades, Johannes Heydenreich worked as a Professor at the Universities of Halle and Leipzig. Generations of students have admired his excellent lectures with clear repre-sentation and rigorous scholarship.The scientific work of Johannes Heydenreich was honoured by his election to the Academy of Natural Scientists Leopoldina where he worked as a Secretary of Natural Science for many years. The Technical University of Chemnitz conferred an honory doctors degree on Prof. Heydenreich in recognition of his scientific work. The German Society for Electron Microscopy awarded him Honorary Membership.Wolfgang Neumann especially acknowledges with gratitude the time of inspiring collaboration in Halle.All his friends, colleagues, and students wish him many further years of good health. The Editors of physica status solidi join these wishes and add their gratefulness for his long-standing and continuous engagement as a member of the Advisory and Editorial Board of physica status solidi (a).

  1. 30 CFR 202.351 - Royalties on geothermal resources.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ..., suspends, or reduces that rate(s). Royalties are determined under 30 CFR part 206, subpart H. (2) Fees in lieu of royalties on geothermal resources are prescribed in 30 CFR part 206, subpart H. (3) Except for...,” and “Class III lease” have the same meanings prescribed in 30 CFR 206.351. (i) For Class I leases,...

  2. 37 CFR 202.16 - Preregistration of copyrights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... compositions; (iv) Literary works being prepared for publication in book form; (v) Computer programs (including... a copy or phonorecord embodying a performance of some or all of the work; (D) For a literary work... recorded, the performer or performing group, the genre of the work recorded (e.g., classical, pop,...

  3. 42 CFR 408.202 - Conditions for participation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... MEDICARE PROGRAM PREMIUMS FOR SUPPLEMENTARY MEDICAL INSURANCE Supplementary Medical Insurance Premium... benefit withholding from Social Security or Railroad Retirement benefits or a Civil Service annuity. (3... Party Premium Collection System, in order to transmit electronically an input file that will be used...

  4. Dicty_cDB: CHP202 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available culus chromosome 7, clone RP23-311N3, complete sequence. 42 0.18 5 BQ507132 |BQ507132.2 EST614547 Generation...A clone cSTS16L8 5' sequence, mRNA sequence. 42 0.33 2 BQ507131 |BQ507131.1 EST614546 Generation of a set of

  5. Dicty_cDB: SHD202 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available uence. 50 0.014 1 CD457838 |CD457838.1 Fg04d_02e18_A Fg04_AAFC_ECORC_Fusarium_graminearum_mycelium_grown_on_...03_A Fg04_AAFC_ECORC_Fusarium_graminearum_mycelium_grown_on_wheat_heads Gibberell

  6. 7 CFR 810.202 - Definition of other terms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... malting type that has 90.0 percent or more of kernels with white aleurone layers that contains not more... percent or more of kernels with blue aleurone layers that contains not more than 1.9 percent...

  7. 32 CFR 2004.22 - Operational Responsibilities [202(a)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Operational Responsibilities . 2004.22 Section 2004.22 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense INFORMATION SECURITY OVERSIGHT... Operations § 2004.22 Operational Responsibilities . (a) Designation of Cognizant Security Authority...

  8. 5 CFR 536.202 - Optional grade retention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... §§ 536.102 and 536.203, an authorized agency official may provide grade retention to an employee moving... lower-graded position. (c) When an employee is offered a position with grade retention under this... entitlement to grade retention under § 536.201 if the agency actually moves the employee to the...

  9. 5 CFR 1201.202 - Authority for awards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... respondent is the prevailing party in an appeal under 5 U.S.C. 7701, a request to review an arbitration... appeal under 5 U.S.C. 3330a, a request to review an arbitration decision under 5 U.S.C. 7121(d), a... the case. The final decision in the proceeding on the merits may be an initial decision of a...

  10. 37 CFR 202.3 - Registration of copyright.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... special group (for example, trade and professional associations, corporate in-house groups, schools... photograph within the group must be identified either: (A) On each deposited image; (B) In a text file on the CD-ROM or DVD that contains the deposited photographic images; (C) On a list that accompanies...

  11. 29 CFR 541.202 - Discretion and independent judgment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... discretion and independent judgment involves the comparison and the evaluation of possible courses of conduct... may flow from the employee's neglect. Similarly, an employee who operates very expensive...

  12. 24 CFR 570.202 - Eligible rehabilitation and preservation activities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ..., replacement of principal fixtures and components of existing structures, installation of security devices... installation of storm windows and doors, siding, wall and attic insulation, and conversion, modification, or replacement of heating and cooling equipment, including the use of solar energy equipment; (5) Improvements...

  13. 24 CFR 1003.202 - Eligible rehabilitation and preservation activities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... and components of existing structures, installation of security devices, including smoke detectors and...) Improvements to increase the efficient use of energy in structures through such means as installation of storm... heating and cooling equipment, including the use of solar energy equipment; (5) Improvements to...

  14. 49 CFR 571.202a - Standard No. 202a; Head restraints; Mandatory applicability begins on September 1, 2009.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... in S3, S5, S5.1, S5.1.1, S5.2, S5.2.1, S5.2.2, and S5.2.7 of this section. The Director of the... dummy specified in 49 CFR part 572, subpart E, the applicable head restraint must conform to S4.2 of... positions. (1) Except as provided in S4.2.1(a)(2) of this section, when measured in accordance with......

  15. 49 CFR 571.202 - Standard No. 202; Head restraints; Applicable at the manufacturers option until September 1, 2009.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... amplitude of 94 m/s2 and a duration of 96 milliseconds. S5.2Compliance with S4.2(b) of this section is... make/model. S5. Demonstration procedures. S5.1Compliance with S4.2(a) of this section is demonstrated.... S1. Purpose and scope. This standard specifies requirements for head restraints to reduce...

  16. An all-solid state laser system for the laser ion source RILIS and in-source laser spectroscopy of astatine at ISOLDE,CERN

    OpenAIRE

    Rothe, Sebastian

    2012-01-01

    This doctoral thesis describes the extension of the resonance ionization laser ion source RILIS at CERN/ISOLDE by the addition of an all-solid state tunable titanium:sapphire (Ti:Sa) laser system to complement the well-established system of dye lasers. Synchronous operation of the so called Dual RILIS system of Ti:Sa and dye lasers was investigated and the potential for increased ion beam intensity, reliability, and reduced setup time has been demonstrated. In-source resonance ionization spec...

  17. 16 CFR 20.2 - Deception as to identity of rebuilder, remanufacturer, reconditioner or reliner.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... unfair or deceptive to misrepresent the identity of the rebuilder, remanufacturer, reconditioner or..., reconditioned or relined by someone else, it is unfair or deceptive to fail to disclose such fact wherever the original manufacturer is identified in advertising and sales promotional literature concerning the...

  18. 15 CFR 270.202 - Coordination with search and rescue efforts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... efforts being undertaken at the site of the building failure, including FEMA urban search and rescue teams, local emergency management agencies, and local emergency response groups. Upon arrival at a...

  19. CALIPSO Lidar L2 Aerosol Layer Data V2-02

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations (CALIPSO) was launched on April 28, 2006 to study the impact of clouds and aerosols on the...

  20. CALIPSO Imaging Infrared Radiometer L2 Data Track V2-02

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations (CALIPSO) was launched on April 28, 2006 to study the impact of clouds and aerosols on the...

  1. CALIPSO Lidar L1B Profile Data V2-02

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations (CALIPSO) was launched on April 28, 2006 to study the impact of clouds and aerosols on the...

  2. CALIPSO Imaging Infrared Radiometer L2 Data Swath V2-02

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations (CALIPSO) was launched on April 28, 2006 to study the impact of clouds and aerosols on the...

  3. CALIPSO Lidar L2 1 km Cloud Layer Data V2-02

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations (CALIPSO) was launched on April 28, 2006 to study the impact of clouds and aerosols on the...

  4. CALIPSO Lidar L2 5 km Cloud Profile Data V2-02

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations (CALIPSO) was launched on April 28, 2006 to study the impact of clouds and aerosols on the...

  5. CALIPSO Lidar L2 5 km Cloud Layer Data V2-02

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations (CALIPSO) was launched on April 28, 2006 to study the impact of clouds and aerosols on the...

  6. CALIPSO Lidar L2 1/3 km Cloud Layer Data V2-02

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations (CALIPSO) was launched on April 28, 2006 to study the impact of clouds and aerosols on the...

  7. 7 CFR 1710.202 - Requirement to prepare a load forecast-power supply borrowers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... and provide an approved load forecast in support of any request for RUS financial assistance. The... provide an approved load forecast in support of any request for RUS financial assistance. The member power... 7 Agriculture 11 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Requirement to prepare a load forecast-power...

  8. 46 CFR 117.202 - Survival craft-vessels operating on oceans routes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Survival craft-vessels operating on oceans routes. 117... operating on oceans routes. (a) Except as allowed by paragraph (b) of this section, each vessel certificated to operate on an oceans route in cold water must be provided with inflatable liferafts of...

  9. FEW PRACTICAL ASPECTS AND PROBLEMS REGARDING LAW NR. 202/2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ALEXANDRA CRISTINA JIPA

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available We have analyzed the impact the introduction of art. 74¹ penal C. over a certain category of infractions, respectively over the economical nature infractions. Harmonization of such recent norms with the already existent legislative framework rises a series of questions and possible practical problems. Also, we have considered interesting to appreciate if such changes are sufficient or there is not a conflict between the punishments set forth by regulators for each of such infractions. Should the answer be yes, there should be considered the possible conciliation methods.

  10. 17 CFR 275.202(a)(11)-1 - Certain broker-dealers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... connection with providing financial planning services and: (i) Holds itself out generally to the public as a financial planner or as providing financial planning services; (ii) Delivers to the customer a financial... connection with financial planning services; or (3) Exercises investment discretion, as that term is...

  11. 7 CFR 1786.202 - Prepayment and refinancing of RUS guaranteed FFB loans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Prepayment and refinancing of RUS guaranteed FFB...) RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) PREPAYMENT OF RUS GUARANTEED AND INSURED LOANS TO ELECTRIC AND TELEPHONE BORROWERS Refinancing and Prepayment of RUS Guaranteed FFB...

  12. 7 CFR 59.202 - Mandatory daily reporting for barrows and gilts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...) REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS UNDER THE AGRICULTURAL MARKETING ACT OF 1946 AND THE EGG PRODUCTS INSPECTION ACT... packer that processes barrows and gilts shall report to the Secretary for each business day of the packer... purchased or priced, during the prior business day of the packer, and not later than 9 a.m. central time...

  13. 22 CFR 202.2 - Shipments eligible for reimbursement of freight charges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... charges. (a) In order to further the efficient use of United States voluntary contributions for... Authorization (Form AID 1160-4). (c) The Office of Commodity Management, Bureau for Program and...

  14. 45 CFR 1703.202 - Provisions under which a meeting may be closed.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... an agency conducting a lawful national security intelligence investigation, confidential information...) Endanger the life or physical safety of law enforcement personnel; (8) Disclose information contained in or... the record after opportunity for a hearing. (b) The Commission may exercise its authority to open...

  15. 5 CFR 412.202 - Systematic training and development of supervisors, managers, and executives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... and implement leadership development programs integrated with the employee development plans, programs, and strategies required by 5 CFR 410.201, and that foster a broad agency and Governmentwide... MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS SUPERVISORY, MANAGEMENT, AND EXECUTIVE DEVELOPMENT Succession...

  16. 14 CFR 1207.202 - Exemption for scientific and technological communications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...)(5) for the making of a communication solely for the purpose of furnishing scientific or...; and (3) That the communication is solely for the purpose of furnishing scientific or technological... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Exemption for scientific and...

  17. 12 CFR 702.202 - Prompt corrective action for “undercapitalized” credit unions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... assets. Beginning the effective date of classification as “undercapitalized” or lower, not permit the....2(j)) plus the quarter-end balance of unused commitments to lend and unused lines of credit provided... offer rates on shares in excess of prevailing rates on shares in its relevant market area, and...

  18. Spinal Metastases Due to Thyroid Carcinoma : An Analysis of 202 Patients

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kushchayeva, Yevgeniya S.; Kushchayev, Sergiy V.; Carroll, Nancy M.; Felger, Erin A.; Links, Thera P.; Teytelboym, Oleg M.; Bonichon, Francoise; Preul, Mark C.; Sonntag, Volker K. H.; Van Nostrand, Douglas; Burman, Kenneth D.; Boyle, Lisa M.

    2014-01-01

    Background: Spinal metastases (SMs) due to thyroid cancer (TC) are associated with significantly reduced quality of life. The goal of this study is to analyze the clinical manifestations, presentation, and treatments of TC SMs, and to describe specific features of SMs associated with different TC ty

  19. 47 CFR 54.202 - Additional requirements for Commission designation of eligible telecommunications carriers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ...) Employing, leasing or constructing an additional cell site, cell extender, repeater, or other similar... service area. Each applicant shall demonstrate how signal quality, coverage or capacity will improve...

  20. AB202. Altered micro RNA expression in patients with non-obstructive azoospermia

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, Xiansheng; Liang, Chaozhao

    2014-01-01

    Background MicroRNAs (miRNAs), a class of small non-coding RNA molecules, are indicated to play essential roles in spermatogenesis. However, little is known about the expression patterns or function of miRNAs in human testes involved in infertility. Methods In this study, the miRNA expression profiles of testes of patients with non-obstructive azoospermia (NOA) and normal controls were performed by using microarray technologies. Results Altered microRNA expression in NOA patients was found, w...

  1. 50 CFR 226.202 - Critical habitat for Stellar sea lions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Critical habitat for Stellar sea lions... Critical habitat for Stellar sea lions. Steller Sea Lion (Eumetopias jubatus) (a) Alaska rookeries, haulouts, and associated areas. In Alaska, all major Steller sea lion rookeries identified in Table 1...

  2. Hyperspectral Imagery for the Main Eight Hawaiian Islands:Oahu (202-0612-272217)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This project is a cooperative effort among the National Ocean Service, National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science, Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment; the...

  3. 40 CFR 161.202 - Purposes of the registration data requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...: assess the toxicity to man through exposure of humans to pesticide residues remaining after application... usable land, surface water, ground water, and wildlife resources; and, assess the potential environmental... adversely affect nontarget organisms. (3) Metabolism studies. Data generated from aerobic and...

  4. 9 CFR 113.202 - Canine Hepatitis and Canine Adenovirus Type 2 Vaccine, Killed Virus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Inspection Service and observed each day for 14 days postchallenge. The rectal temperature of each animal... day for 14 days postchallenge. The rectal temperature of each animal shall be taken and the...

  5. 76 FR 202 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; National Futures Association; Notice of Filing and Immediate...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-03

    ... COMMISSION Self-Regulatory Organizations; National Futures Association; Notice of Filing and Immediate...://www.nfa.futures.org , the Commission's Web site at http://www.sec.gov , the self-regulatory... Exchange Act,\\2\\ notice is hereby given that on October 7, 2010, National Futures Association...

  6. 17 CFR 202.12 - Policy statement concerning cooperation by individuals in its investigations and related...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ..., in the case of a violation involving a business organization, by notifying members of management not..., or the auditors of such business organization of the misconduct; (4) The efforts undertaken by the... nor are they intended to be all-inclusive or to require a specific determination in any...

  7. 7 CFR 1744.202 - Borrowers may make qualified investments without prior approval of the Administrator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... solid waste management systems, credit availability, and accessibility to and delivery of private and... training and employment services, health care services, educational opportunities, energy utilization...

  8. Calibration of ground-based lidar instrument WLS7-202

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gómez Arranz, Paula; Courtney, Michael

    This report presents the result of the lidar calibration performed for the given WLS7 Windcube at DTU’s test site for large wind turbine at Høvsøre, Denmark. Calibration is here understood as the establishment of a relation between the reference wind speed measurements with measurement uncertaint...

  9. CALIPSO Lidar L2 Vertical Feature Mask Data V2-02

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations (CALIPSO) was launched on April 28, 2006 to study the impact of clouds and aerosols on the...

  10. Men’s Suits Retail Sales in Top 22 BJ Department Stores Worth CNY202 million

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The retail sales data of Beijing department stores is based on the sales receipts of more than 20 Beijing department stores each month, the following is an analysis of the sales performance of men’s suits and stores by price range.

  11. 48 CFR 26.202-1 - Local area set-aside.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Local area set-aside. 26... area set-aside. The contracting officer may set aside solicitations to allow only local firms within a... requirements office, shall define the specific geographic area for the local set-aside. (b) A major disaster...

  12. 15 CFR 971.202 - Statement of technological experience and capabilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... GENERAL REGULATIONS OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL DATA SERVICE DEEP SEABED MINING REGULATIONS FOR COMMERCIAL... mining. The more test data offered with the application the less analysis will be expected; and (iii... technology or the equipment and methods to be used by the applicant in carrying out each step in the...

  13. 10 CFR 611.202 - Advanced Technology Vehicle Manufacturing Facility Award Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Vehicle Manufacturing Facility Award Program. DOE may issue, under the Advanced Technology Vehicle Manufacturing Facility Award Program, 10 CFR part 611, subpart C, awards for eligible projects. ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Advanced Technology Vehicle Manufacturing Facility...

  14. 24 CFR 202.10 - Governmental institutions, Government-sponsored enterprises, public housing agencies and State...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... defined in 24 CFR 44.2) that receive insurance as lenders and mortgagees shall conduct audits in... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Governmental institutions... Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE...

  15. 47 CFR 25.202 - Frequencies, frequency tolerance and emission limitations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... GHz 24.65-24.75 GHz (6) The following frequencies are available for use by the Satellite Digital Audio... in the broadcasting-satellite service. 4 This band is shared on an equal basis with the Government... broadcasting-satellite service, and the sub-band 17.7-17.8 GHz is shared coequally with terrestrial...

  16. 77 FR 202 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Updated Financial Accounting Standards Board Accounting References

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-03

    ..., and NASA published a proposed rule in the Federal Register at 76 FR 8989 on February 16, 2011, to... 9000-AM00 Federal Acquisition Regulation; Updated Financial Accounting Standards Board Accounting... accounting standards owing to the Financial Accounting Standards Board's Accounting Standards Codification...

  17. 37 CFR 202.20 - Deposit of copies and phonorecords for copyright registration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... material remaining and the deposit reveals an appreciable amount of original computer code. Whatever method is used to block out trade secret material, at least an appreciable amount of original computer code... computer screen material simply constitutes a demonstration of the functioning of the computer program....

  18. Compound list: simvastatin [Open TG-GATEs

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available simvastatin SST 00117 ftp://ftp.biosciencedbc.jp/archive/open-tggates/LATEST/Human/in_vitro/simv...astatin.Human.in_vitro.Liver.zip ftp://ftp.biosciencedbc.jp/archive/open-tggates/LATEST/Rat/in_vitro/simv...astatin.Rat.in_vitro.Liver.zip ftp://ftp.biosciencedbc.jp/archive/open-tggates/LATEST/Rat/in_vivo/Liver/Single/simv...archive/open-tggates/LATEST/Rat/in_vivo/Liver/Repeat/simvastatin.Rat.in_vivo.Liver.Repeat.zip ...

  19. 超对称X202→X101l+l-过程的模拟研究%Monte Carlo Study of SUSY Decay of X202→X101l+l-

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张黎明; 张子平

    2002-01-01

    选定A0=0,tanβ=2,sign(μ)=-,选择四组(m0,m1/2)数据点用PYTHIA6.158产生器对超对称性(supersymmetry)衰变过程02→01+l+l-进行能标研究,给出双轻子的不变质量谱和模糊化处理后的谱,考察不同分辨率对其影响,得出角度分辨是影响谱形的主要因素.同时与ISAJET7.44产生器给出的相应结果进行比较,发现两者在处理重整化群方程(RGE)上存在差异.

  20. 长期住院精神疾病患者202例状况调查分析%Investigation and analysis of conditions of 202 psychotics with long-term hospitalization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    武克文; 杨文丽

    2003-01-01

    @@ BACKGROUND:Reports about average life span of psychotics are different,generally 3/4 of normal people.Rongfu soldiers mental hospital of Shanxi mainly treats psychotics who were all returning soldiers in glory.Analysis to patients with long hospitalization will do good to summing up experiences and do better service to patients.

  1. 5 CFR 2641.202 - Two-year restriction on any former employee's representations to United States concerning...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... substantial interest. See § 2641.201(j). (j) Official responsibility—(1) Definition. “Official responsibility... disqualified from participating in a matter in accordance with subparts D, E, or F of 5 CFR part 2635 or part... information manager at the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) assigns a nonsupervisory subordinate to...

  2. 78 FR 39003 - 60-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Section 202 Supportive Housing for the Elderly...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-28

    ... the Elderly Application Submission Requirements AGENCY: Multifamily Housing Program, Office of Housing... Supportive Housing for the Elderly Application Submission Requirements. OMB Approval Number: 2502-0267. Type... Department to assist HUD in determining applicant eligibility and ability to develop housing for the...

  3. Hanford Tanks 241-C-202 and 241-C-203 Residual Waste Contaminant Release Models and Supporting Data

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Deutsch, William J.; Krupka, Kenneth M.; Lindberg, Michael J.; Cantrell, Kirk J.; Brown, Christopher F.; Mattigod, Shas V.; Schaef, Herbert T.; Arey, Bruce W.

    2007-09-13

    As directed by Congress, the U. S. Department of Energy (DOE) established the Office of River Protection in 1998 to manage DOE's largest, most complex environmental cleanup project – retrieval of radioactive waste from Hanford tanks for treatment and eventual disposal. Sixty percent by volume of the nation's high-level radioactive waste is stored at Hanford in aging deteriorating tanks. If not cleaned up, this waste is a threat to the Columbia River and the Pacific Northwest. CH2M Hill Hanford Group, Inc., is the Office of River Protection's prime contractor responsible for the storage, retrieval, and disposal of Hanford's tank waste. As part of this effort, CH2M HILL Hanford Group, Inc. contracted with Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to develop release models for key contaminants that are present in residual sludge remaining after closure of Hanford Tanks 241-C-203 (C-203) and 241-C-204 (C-204). The release models were developed from data generated by laboratory characterization and testing of samples from these two tanks. These release models are being developed to support the tank closure risk assessments performed by CH2M HILL Hanford Group, Inc., for DOE.

  4. 9 CFR 381.202 - Poultry products offered for entry; reporting of findings to customs; handling of articles...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Poultry products offered for entry..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AGENCY ORGANIZATION AND TERMINOLOGY; MANDATORY MEAT AND POULTRY PRODUCTS INSPECTION AND VOLUNTARY INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION POULTRY PRODUCTS INSPECTION REGULATIONS Imported...

  5. 17 CFR 202.10 - Policy statement of the Securities and Exchange Commission concerning subpoenas to members of the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... not apply to demands for purely commercial or financial information unrelated to the news gathering... media. Freedom of the press is of vital importance to the mission of the Securities and Exchange... the proper balance between the public's interest in the free dissemination of ideas and...

  6. Hanford Tanks 241-C-202 and 241-C-203 Residual Waste Contaminant Release Models and Supporting Data

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As directed by Congress, the U. S. Department of Energy (DOE) established the Office of River Protection in 1998 to manage DOE's largest, most complex environmental cleanup project retrieval of radioactive waste from Hanford tanks for treatment and eventual disposal. Sixty percent by volume of the nation's high-level radioactive waste is stored at Hanford in aging deteriorating tanks. If not cleaned up, this waste is a threat to the Columbia River and the Pacific Northwest. CH2M Hill Hanford Group, Inc., is the Office of River Protection's prime contractor responsible for the storage, retrieval, and disposal of Hanford's tank waste. As part of this effort, CH2M HILL Hanford Group, Inc. contracted with Pacific Northwest National Laboratory PNNL to develop release models for key contaminants that are present in residual sludge remaining after closure of Hanford Tanks 241-C-203 (C-203) and 241-C-204 (C-204). The release models were developed from data generated by laboratory characterization and testing of samples from these two tanks. These release models are being developed to support the tank closure risk assessments performed by CH2M HILL Hanford Group, Inc., for DOE.

  7. 40 CFR 33.202 - How does an entity qualify as an MBE or WBE under EPA's 8% statute?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... CFR 124.105 and 13 CFR 124.106, respectively. (See also 13 CFR 124.109 for special rules applicable to Indian tribes and Alaska Native Corporations; 13 CFR 124.110 for special rules applicable to Native... person who has been subjected to racial or ethnic prejudice or cultural bias because of his or...

  8. Oahu Hyperspectral Imagery 2000 (202-0612-272217) - Visual Interpretation from Remote Sensing Imagery Main Eight Hawaiian Islands

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This project is a cooperative effort between the National Ocean Service, National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science, Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment,...

  9. Oahu Hyperspectral Imagery 2000 (202-0612-332211) - Visual Interpretation from Remote Sensing Imagery Main Eight Hawaiian Islands

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This project is a cooperative effort between the National Ocean Service, National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science, Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment,...

  10. CALiPER Report 20.2: Dimming, Flicker, and Power Quality Characteristics of LED PAR38 Lamps

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None, None

    2014-03-31

    This report focuses on the flicker and power quality performance of the Series 20 lamps at full output and various dimmed levels. All of the Series 20 PAR38 lamps that manufacturers claimed to be dimmable (including all halogen lamps) were evaluated individually (one lamp at a time) both on a switch and under the control of a phase-cut dimmer designed for use with "all classes of bulbs." Measurements of luminous flux, flicker, and power quality were taken at 10 target dimmed settings and compared with operation on a switch. Because only a single unit of each product was evaluated on a single dimmer that may or may not have been recommended by its manufacturer, this report focuses on the performance of the products relative to each other, rather than the best-case performance of each lamp or variation in performance delivered from each lamp. Despite these limitations, the results suggest that LED performance is improving, and performance trends are beginning to emerge, perhaps due in part to the identification of preferred LED driver strategies for lamp products.

  11. ALSC cutter. Period covered: January--March 1976. Normal process development endeavor No. 202. [Aluminum sheath linear shaped charge (ALSC)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schmitz, G.T.

    1976-01-01

    Aluminum sheath linear shaped charge (ALSC) containing HNS-II core explosive was specified as the explosive component in the MC 3125 design. Technology and tooling for cutting and forming ALSC, HNS II, 5.3 g/m core load, are described as preliminary developments to the manufacturing process.

  12. AB202. Transumbilical single incision for laparoendoscopic bilateral renal cyst decortication using a homemade glove port device

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Gang; Quan, Changyi; Niu, Yuanjie

    2016-01-01

    Objective Transumbilical single incision surgery (TSIS) has recently gained popularity for symptomatic renal cysts. We evaluated the clinical utility and safety of homemade glove port device in bilateral renal cyst decortication patients at our institution. Methods We reviewed our series of 42 bilateral symptomatic renal cyst (range, 4–12 cm) decortication performed from November 2010 to December 2013. A homemade port device consisted of two control loops and a glove to form three channels was placed through the umbilical single incision. A homemade single port device was made by fixing a size 7 1/2 surgical glove to the retractor outer ring and securing the glove fingers to the end of three trocars with a tie. The homemade port was inserted at the umbilical incision, operation was performed by using a special flexible 30-degree laparoscope and conventional laparoscopic instruments. Results All cases were completed successfully, without conversion to a standard laparoscopic or open approach. The average operative time was 75 min and the estimated blood loss was less than 30 mL, no intraoperative complication occurred. The mean hospital stay was 2.8 d lap[2–5] days, with a median follow-up of 20 months (range, 8–32) there was no recurrence. Conclusions Our homemade single port device is cost-effective and more flexible to deal with bilateral renal cysts especially ventral lesions than the current multichannel port or traditional laparoscopic surgery.

  13. Ann Crabbé and Pieter Leroy, 2008, The Handbook of Environmental Policy Evaluation, Earthscan, London, 202 p.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    François Destandau

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Ann Crabbé de l’Université d’Anvers (Belgique et Pieter Leroy de l’Université de Nijmegen (Pays-Bas proposent ici un ouvrage pionnier sur l’évaluation appliquée aux politiques environnementales. Ce manuel s’inspire des enseignements théoriques et méthodologiques des sciences politiques et sociales. Les auteurs y présentent un panel de méthodes adaptées aux politiques environnementales, de façon pratique et accessible. « Peut-on identifier une relation de causalité entre l’intervention polit...

  14. 75 FR 60655 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A330-201, -202, -203, -223, and -243 Airplanes; Airbus...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Inspection Requirements'' (66 FR 23086, May 7, 2001). In addition to new airworthiness standards for... Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); and 3. Will not have a significant economic... power unit (APU) bleed leak detection system could result in overheat of the fuel tank located in...

  15. 76 FR 432 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A330-201, -202, -203, -223, and -243 Airplanes; Airbus...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-05

    ... October 1, 2010 (75 FR 60655). That NPRM proposed to correct an unsafe condition for the specified...'' under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); and 3. Will not have... definition review against explosion hazards. * * * * * Failure of the auxiliary power unit (APU) bleed...

  16. 34 CFR 403.202 - What must each State's system of core standards and measures of performance include?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What must each State's system of core standards and... system of core standards and measures of performance include? (a) The statewide system of core standards... and competency gains, including student progress in the achievement of basic and more...

  17. Genotype data: 8 [

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available R202 HBHHAABAHHAAAAHBAHHAHHHBHBAHHBHBBHHHBHHHAHHAAHAHBHBABHHHHBABAABAAHABAHHHAHAHHH...AHHHHHHHBHHBBHBHHABHHAAABHHAAHHBBAHABHHABAHABHBBAAAHAHBBAAHAAHHABAAABAHHHBHHBHBBHHBHHBHHBHBHBHBHHAHAHAHHAHH- ...

  18. Genotype data: 11 [

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available G202 HHBHHHBAABAABHHAHHBABBBAHAAABH---HAHHHBHHHAABHHBAHAAAHBAHBHHHAHBBBHHHHHHABBAHHBHHBHHHHABA...BHHBAHHHHHHBBHHBHHBHHBHHBAHHHBHAAABABAHBBBAHHAHABAHBAHBBAAABAAHHBHHBABHBHAHBBABHBHHBHHHHHHAHABAAA ...

  19. SPECT assay of radiolabeled monoclonal antibodies. Final performance report, March 1992--November 1995

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jaszczak, R.J.

    1995-12-01

    Research is described in the following areas: development and evaluation quantitatively of reconstruction algorithms with improved compensations for attenuation, scatter, and geometric collimator response; evaluation of single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) quantification of iodine 123 and astatine 211; and the development and evaluation of SPECT pinhole imaging for low and medium energy photons.

  20. Shelf-life of ɛ-lysyl-3-(trimethylstannyl)benzamide immunoconjugates, precursors for 211At labeling of antibodies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aneheim, Emma; Halleröd, Jenny; Albertsson, Per;

    2015-01-01

    Astatine-211 is possibly the most promising radionuclide for targeted α-particle therapy when it comes to the treatment of occult disseminated cancer. Preclinical research has proven effective, and patient studies have been initiated based on these results. However, a lack of production capacity...

  1. 10 CFR Appendix B to Part 20 - Annual Limits on Intake (ALIs) and Derived Air Concentrations (DACs) of Radionuclides for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    .... Actinium Ac 89 Aluminum Al 13 Americium Am 95 Antimony Sb 51 Argon Ar 18 Arsenic As 33 Astatine At 85... Curium Cm 96 Dysprosium Dy 66 Einsteinium Es 99 Erbium Er 68 Europium Eu 63 Fermium Fm 100 Fluorine F...

  2. SPECT assay of radiolabeled monoclonal antibodies. Final performance report, March 1992--November 1995

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Research is described in the following areas: development and evaluation quantitatively of reconstruction algorithms with improved compensations for attenuation, scatter, and geometric collimator response; evaluation of single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) quantification of iodine 123 and astatine 211; and the development and evaluation of SPECT pinhole imaging for low and medium energy photons

  3. The 2012 Recommendation concerning national floors of social protection (No. 202) : The human rights approach to social security in ILO wrapping paper

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vonk, Gijsbert

    2013-01-01

    The International Labour Organisation (ILO) has a long tradition of developing minimum social security standards. However, the value of these instruments is increasingly criticised. A central point in this criticism is that the standards are not based upon the notion of a right to social security fo

  4. Capillary Channel Flow (CCF) EU2-02 on the International Space Station (ISS): An Experimental Investigation of Passive Bubble Separations in an Open Capillary Channel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weislogel, Mark M.; Wollman, Andrew P.; Jenson, Ryan M.; Geile, John T.; Tucker, John F.; Wiles, Brentley M.; Trattner, Andy L.; DeVoe, Claire; Sharp, Lauren M.; Canfield, Peter J.; Klatte, Joerg; Dreyer, Michael E.

    2015-01-01

    It would be signicantly easier to design fluid systems for spacecraft if the fluid phases behaved similarly to those on earth. In this research an open 15:8 degree wedge-sectioned channel is employed to separate bubbles from a two-phase flow in a microgravity environment. The bubbles appear to rise in the channel and coalesce with the free surface in much the same way as would bubbles in a terrestrial environment, only the combined effects of surface tension, wetting, and conduit geometry replace the role of buoyancy. The host liquid is drawn along the channel by a pump and noncondensible gas bubbles are injected into it near the channel vertex at the channel inlet. Control parameters include bubble volume, bubble frequency, liquid volumetric flow rate, and channel length. The asymmetrically confined bubbles are driven in the cross-flow direction by capillary forces until they at least become inscribed within the section or until they come in contact with the free surface, whereupon they usually coalesce and leave the flow. The merging of bubbles enhances, but does not guarantee, the latter. The experiments are performed aboard the International Space Station as a subset of the Capillary Channel Flow experiments. The flight hardware is commanded remotely and continuously from ground stations during the tests and an extensive array of experiments is conducted identifying numerous bubble flow regimes and regime transitions depending on the ratio and magnitude of the gas and liquid volumetric flow rates. The breadth of the publicly available experiments is conveyed herein primarily by narrative and by regime maps, where transitions are approximated by simple expressions immediately useful for the purposes of design and deeper analysis.

  5. Antilisterial activity of bacteriocinogenic Pediococcus acidilactici HA6111-2 and Lactobacillus plantarum ESB 202 grown under pH and osmotic stress conditions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engelhardt, Tekla; Albano, Helena; Kiskó, Gabriella; Mohácsi-Farkas, Csilla; Teixeira, Paula

    2015-06-01

    Bacteriocin producing lactic acid bacteria (LAB) cultures can be used as biopreservatives in fermented food products; thus the food industry is interested in stable cultures that produce bacteriocins consistently. Inhibtion of Listeria spp. by bacteriocinogenic Pediococcus acidilactici and Lactobacillus plantarum (both isolated from fermented meats) was investigated under conditions of stress induced by low pH and high salt concentrations. Listeria monocytogenes serogroup IIb (from cheese), L. monocytogenes serogroup IVb (from cheese), L. monocytogenes serogroup IIb (from ground beef) and Listeria innocua NCTC 11288 were used as target strains. P. acidilactici and Lb. plantarum demonstrated antilisterial activity under the stress conditions investigated (pH 3.5; pH 8.5; 7.5% NaCl). However, activity was dependent on the stress conditions applied and on the target organism. L. monocytogenes serogroup IIb (from ground beef) and L. innocua C 11288 were, respectively the most sensitive and the most resistant to the cell-free supernatants produced by the LAB investigated. PMID:25790998

  6. Antilisterial activity of bacteriocinogenic Pediococcus acidilactici HA6111-2 and Lactobacillus plantarum ESB 202 grown under pH and osmotic stress conditions

    OpenAIRE

    Engelhardt, Tekla; Albano, Helena; Kisk, Gabriella; Acsi-Farkas, Csilla Moh; Teixeira, Paula

    2015-01-01

    Bacteriocin producing lactic acid bacteria (LAB) cultures can be used as biopreservatives in fermented food products; thus the food industry is interested in stable cultures that produce bacteriocins consistently. Inhibtion of Listeria spp. by bacteriocinogenic Pediococcus acidilactici and Lactobacillus plantarum (both isolated from fermented meats) was investigated under conditions of stress induced by low pH and high salt concentrations. Listeria monocytogenes serogroup IIb (fro...

  7. Search for sgoldstino in $e^{+}e^{-}$ collisions at $\\sqrt{s}$ from 189 to 202 GeV with the DELPHI experiment

    CERN Document Server

    Piotto, E

    2001-01-01

    Recent theoretical studies have proposed new phenomenological scenarios where the gravitino is light and the sgoldstino can be light and so be detectable at LEP. A novelty of this framework is that the sgoldstino being a SM particle, its decay chains do not involve other supersymmetric particles, like the LSP (lightest supersymmetric particle), which could escape detection and lead to final states with missing energy. A search for sgoldstino has been performed, for the first time, in DELPHI. At LEP2 sgoldstinos are mainly produced accompanied by a photon. This process is followed by S decay into two gluons or two photons, leading to final states with three photons or two jets and one photon. Sgoldstino phenomenology, production mechanisms, the decay chains and the particle width, will be discussed. Since no evidence far this particle has been found, the limits on parameter space have been set. (4 refs).

  8. 37 CFR Appendix B to Part 202 - “Best Edition” of Published Copyrighted Works for the Collections of the Library of Congress

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... rather than without (for broadsides). 11. Rolled rather than folded (for broadsides). 12. With protective... rather than less-permanent paper stock or printing process. III. Motion Pictures Film medium is... have different binding, apply the criteria in I.A.2-I.A.7, above. 3. Rolled rather than folded. 4....

  9. 76 FR 24832 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A330-201, -202, -203, -223, and -243 Airplanes, A330-300...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-03

    ... investigation confirmed that the surface defects were a result of de-bonding between the skin and honeycomb core... were a result of de-bonding between the skin and honeycomb core. Such reworks were also performed on... include vacuum loss and elasticity laminate checker inspections for damage including de-bonding...

  10. 31 CFR 363.202 - What marketable Treasury securities may I purchase and hold through my TreasuryDirect ® account?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... security that is available for purchase through the TreasuryDirect ® website. One day each week, marketable securities that are scheduled for auction within 8 weeks will be made available on the TreasuryDirect website... May 15, 2010. (i) Any marketable security purchase scheduled prior to May 15, 2010, and with...

  11. Reprint of "The role of cytoskeleton in the regulation of vascular endothelial barrier function" [Microvascular Research 76 (2008) 202-207].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bogatcheva, Natalia V; Verin, Alexander D

    2009-01-01

    The cytoskeleton is vital to the function of virtually all cell types in the organism as it is required for cell division, cell motility, endo- or exocytosis and the maintenance of cell shape. Endothelial cells, lining the inner surface of the blood vessels, exploit cytoskeletal elements to ensure the integrity of cell monolayer in quiescent endothelium, and to enable the disintegration of the formed barrier in response to various agonists. Vascular permeability is defined by the combination of transcellular and paracellular pathways, with the latter being a major contributor to the inflammation-induced barrier dysfunction. This review will analyze the cytoskeletal elements, which reorganization affects endothelial permeability, and emphasize signaling mechanisms with barrier-protective or barrier-disruptive potential.

  12. No psychological effect of color context in a low level vision task [v1; ref status: indexed, http://f1000r.es/202

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adam Pedley

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: A remarkable series of recent papers have shown that colour can influence performance in cognitive tasks. In particular, they suggest that viewing a participant number printed in red ink or other red ancillary stimulus elements improves performance in tasks requiring local processing and impedes performance in tasks requiring global processing whilst the reverse is true for the colour blue. The tasks in these experiments require high level cognitive processing such as analogy solving or remote association tests and the chromatic effect on local vs. global processing is presumed to involve widespread activation of the autonomic nervous system. If this is the case, we might expect to see similar effects on all local vs. global task comparisons. To test this hypothesis, we asked whether chromatic cues also influence performance in tasks involving low level visual feature integration. Methods: Subjects performed either local (contrast detection or global (form detection tasks on achromatic dynamic Glass pattern stimuli. Coloured instructions, target frames and fixation points were used to attempt to bias performance to different task types. Based on previous literature, we hypothesised that red cues would improve performance in the (local contrast detection task but would impede performance in the (global form detection task.  Results: A two-way, repeated measures, analysis of covariance (2×2 ANCOVA with gender as a covariate, revealed no influence of colour on either task, F(1,29 = 0.289, p = 0.595, partial η2 = 0.002. Additional analysis revealed no significant differences in only the first attempts of the tasks or in the improvement in performance between trials. Discussion: We conclude that motivational processes elicited by colour perception do not influence neuronal signal processing in the early visual system, in stark contrast to their putative effects on processing in higher areas.

  13. Fiscal Equity in Kansas under the School District Equalization Act: Consultants' Analysis on Behalf of Turner USD 202 in Mock v State of Kansas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, David C.; And Others

    Updated information is provided in this addendum to an original report that assessed the equity of the Kansas School District Equalization Act (SDEA) from 1973 to 1988. This consultants' analysis on behalf of Turner School District in "Mock v. State of Kansas" consists of five parts. Following an introduction, section 2 reviews the initial…

  14. Decomposition of Askarel Oil by Microwave Radiation and H202/TiO2 Agents in Order to Reduce Occupational Hazards

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reza Tajik

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Poly chlorinated biphenyls (PCBS are the groups of organicchemical material and toxic, persistent, bio accumulate and pose a risk of causingadverse effects to human health and the environment. PCB compounds arecaused the different health effects in human depending of age, sex, route of entry,intensity and frequency exposure. This study was conducted to determine theeffect of microwave rays, hydrogen peroxide, TiO2 catalyst and ethanol on theDecomposition of PCBS.Methods: In this experiment used a MW oven, Pyrex vessel reactor (250mlvolume, Pyrex tube connector and condensing system. A 900w domestic MWoven with a fixed frequency of 2450 MHZ was used to provide MW irradiation. Raypowers used in 540، 720 and 900w. The PCBS were analyzed by GC-ECDResults: The degradation of total PCBS in terms of 540, 720 and 900W was85.03%, 90.32% and 96.87% respectively. The degradation of total PCBS in termsof ratio to solvent with transformer oil in 1:1، 2:1 and 3:1 was 53.97%، 78.98% and95.13% respectively. The degradation of total PCBs in terms of not using of H2O2/TiO2 and using 20% of H2O2 and 0.05, 0.1, 0.15 and 0.2 g TiO2 was 68.78%,93.97%, 95.13%, 96.18% and 96.87 % respectively.Conclusion: The Microwave thermal reaction was applied for the dechlorinationof PCBs and high efficiencies were obtained. Microwave power and amounts ofreactants added are important factors influencing dechlorination efficiency.

  15. Decree 302/013. It amend Art. 5 of Decree 202/005 on the integration of the National Oncology Committee and it create a Standing Advisory Group

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The decree is about an adaptation of the integration of the national committee on oncologic o including representatives of the Faculty of Medicine of the University of the Republic and representatives of the National Board of Health and Honorary Commission to Fight Cancer that is proposed.Creating a Standing Advisory Group is also suggested

  16. Hurdles for a Broader Use of 211At and for the Synthesis of 211At-Labelled Radiopharmaceuticals at High Activities for Clinical Use

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    One of the key impediments to the use of 211At is the very well known deleterious effect of high radiation fields caused by its alpha particles on the synthesis of 211At-labelled radiopharmaceuticals. This is problematic because radiolysis-mediated effects can produce diminishing efficiency of electrophilic astatination reactions due to increasing deposition of radiation dose with increasing activities and with the passage of the time. Astatine-211 has chemical properties that permit complex labelling strategies and a longer half-life than 213Bi that makes it more suitable when the targeting molecule does not gain immediate access to the tumour cells. The first clinical evaluation was published in 2001 [2] in patients with brain tumour. Although this study circumvents many of the challenges to entering clinical studies with 211At and many obstacles had to be surmounted before clinical studies could be initiated, several problems were encountered in maintaining efficient labelling with escalating radiation dose of α-particle even with fresh 211At elution [3]. Astatine-211 also has an additional hurdle to overcome before to its clinical application in labelled radiopharmaceuticals related with its production and distribution. Among the potential group of promising α- emitter it is the only one produced by cyclotrons, but due to the scarcity of cyclotrons equipped with 25−30 MeV α-particle beams, it will of necessity be utilized in distant locations from the site of production. It presents a major chemical challenge because the diminishing efficiency of electrophilic astatination reactions with the passage of the time is well known, a problem likely related to the radiolysis produced by the high LET (linear energy transfer) meaning that large amounts of energy are deposited in a highly localized manner. This problem has been most comprehensively investigated to understand and evaluate the role of the radiolysis effects of astatine alpha particles in the synthesis

  17. Assessment of 202 conical tomographies among 43 patients treated for a prostatic adenocarcinoma by intensity-modulated conformational irradiation; Evaluation de 202 tomographies coniques chez 43 patients traites pour un adenocarcinome prostatique par irradiation conformationnelle avec modulation d'intensite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fenoglietto, P.; Azria, D. [CRLC Val d' Aurelle, 34 - Montpellier (France); Farcy-Jacquet, M.P. [CHU, 30 - Nimes (France); Regnault de la Mothe, P. [Pole regional de cancerologie, 86 - Poitiers (France)

    2010-10-15

    Between February 2009 and March 2010, 43 patients treated by intensity-modulated conformational irradiation for a prostatic adenocarcinoma have also been examined by conical tomography. The conical tomography acquisition has been performed with a bony registration, and sometimes with a prostatic / soft tissue registration. This study highlights the interest of conical tomographies during the first three days of the treatment to identify patients presenting a risk, and also of a bony registration performed every day. Short communication

  18. Synthesis and Characterization of Dinuclear Vanadyl Hydrazone Complex [VO(C14H10N202) ]2(μ-O)%双核钒酰腙配合物[VO(C14H1oN202]2(μ-O)的合成与表征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高山; 刘世雄

    2001-01-01

    The dinuclear complex [VO (L)]2 (μ-O) (HL = salicylaldehyde benzoylhydrazone) was synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, IR, UV, cyclic voltammetry. The results showed that two oxygen atoms and one nitrogen atom of the tridentate hydrazone ligand are coordinated to vanadium(Ⅴ) atom. The vanadium atom approximates to a distorted square pyramidal coordination sphere. The redox potentials of the title complex in different solvents follow the order:CH2Cl2<CH3CN<DMF.

  19. $\\beta$-delayed fission, laser spectroscopy and shape-coexistence studies with radioactive At beams

    CERN Multimedia

    We propose to study the $\\beta$-delayed fission, laser spectroscopy and radioactive decay of the newly available pure beams of neutron-deficient and neutron-rich astatine (Z=85) isotopes. The fission probability and the fission fragment distribution of the even-even isotopes $^{194,196}$Po following the $\\beta$-decay of the isotopes $^{194,196}$At will be studied with the Windmill setup. In-source laser spectroscopy will be performed on the entire astatine isotopic chain, using a combination of the Windmill setup, ISOLTRAP MR-ToF and ISOLDE Faraday. Radioactive decay data will be acquired at the Windmill setup throughout those studies and contribute to the global understanding of the phenomenon of shape coexistence in the neutron-deficient lead region.

  20. Production cross section of At radionuclides from $^{7}$Li+$^{\\textrm{nat}}$Pb and $^{9}$Be+$^{\\textrm{nat}}$Tl reactions

    CERN Document Server

    Maiti, Moumita

    2011-01-01

    Earlier we reported theoretical studies on the probable production of astatine radionuclides from $^{6,7}$Li and $^{9}$Be-induced reactions on natural lead and thalliun targets, respectively. For the first time, in this report, production of astatine radionuclides has been investigated experimentally with two heavy ion induced reactions: $^{9}$Be+$^{\\textrm{nat}}$Tl and $^{7}$Li+$^{\\textrm{nat}}$Pb. Formation cross sections of the evaporation residues, $^{207,208,209,210}$At, produced in (HI, xn) channel, have been measured by the stacked-foil technique followed by the off-line $\\gamma$-spectrometry at the low incident energies ($<$50 MeV). Measured excitation functions have been explained in terms of compound nuclear reaction mechanism using Weisskopf-Ewing and Hauser-Feshbach model. Absolute cross section values are lower than the respective theoretical predictions.

  1. Radiopharmaceutical Chemistry of Targeted Radiopharmaceutics. Synthesis of 211At-Labeled Radiopharmaceuticals at High Activities for Clinical Use

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Targeted α-particle radiotherapy is an appealing approach to cancer treatment because of the potential for delivering curative doses of radiation to tumor with minimal damage to normal tissue due to a range equivalent to only a few cell diameters. Compared with β-emitters they have significant advantages from a radiobiological perspective. The LET of 211At α-particles is more than 400 times higher than the β-particles emitted by 90Y, in addition the distance between ionizing events is almost the same as that between the two strands of DNA, yielding a high probability of creating non-repairable DNA damage. It gives the ability to kill cancer cells not compromised by hypoxia, dose rate effects or cell cycle position, enhancing their attractiveness for targeted radiotherapy. However, translation of the concept to the clinic has been slow, many obstacles had to be surmounted before clinical studies could be initiated, the first clinical evaluation of a 211At- labeled mAb was made in 2001. This study circumvents many of the challenges to entering clinical studies with 211At. But several problems were encountered in maintaining efficient labeling with escalating radiation dose of alpha-particle likely related to radiolysis. The impact of the radiolysis produced by the α-particle over the labeling chemistry is much higher in comparison with typical β-emitters due to a deposition of energy in the solvent in a highly localized manner two orders of magnitude per unit volume higher than 90Y or 131I. Due to these difficulties a comprehensive basic science study about the radiolytic effects of astatine alpha-particles over the synthesis of 211At-labeled radiopharmaceuticals was carried out. Its main goal was overcoming the problem of the synthesis of 211At-labeled radiopharmaceuticals at the high activities necessaries for therapy and also to extend the shelf life of astatine elutions. Briefly this study held several steps, the first one was to study the role of solvent

  2. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U11979-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available (100%) Strand = Plus / Plus Query: 143 ggangaantaantaaaanttaagaaantantantngcantn...gaantttaatntaaangng 202 |||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||| Sbjct: 143 ggangaantaan

  3. As irmandades de negros: resistência e repressão (The black brotherhoods: resistance and repression DOI 10.5752/P.2175-5841.2011v9n21p202

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Lúcia Eduardo Farah Valente

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available A Igreja Católica legitimou prática e teoricamente o sistema colonial brasileiro e teve um caráter predominantemente leigo, por força da instituição do padroado. Pouco foi escrito sobre as irmandades de negros. As análises têm se restringido a observar que desempenharam um importante papel na manutenção das crenças religiosas africanas. Com a República, o processo de romanização empreendido pela Igreja teve por objetivo a desvalorização do catolicismo laico, com o desmantelamento das antigas irmandades e sua substituição por novas organizações leigas. Impõe-se caracterizar o papel desempenhado pela resistência, sem o quê seria difícil entender a existência atual da Irmandade Nossa Senhora do Rosário dos Homens Pretos de São Paulo, fundada em 1711, na região central da cidade. Sua história se confunde com a história das irmandades de negros em geral, mas oferece exemplo de como continuou a ser repositório da tradição popular, calcada em prática religiosa católica 'branca' e prática religiosa 'negra', pensada a partir do patamar da escravidão.Palavras-chave: religião; poder; laicidade. AbstractThe Catholic Church legitimized practical and theoretically the Brazilian colonial system and had a predominantly lay character by virtue of the institution of patronage. Little has been written about the brotherhoods among black people. The analysis have been restricted to noting that they have played an important role in maintaining the religious African beliefs. With the Republic, the romanization process undertaken by the Church  has aimed the devaluation of the laic Catholicism, with the dismantling of old brotherhoods and their replacement by new lay organizations. It is necessary to characterize the role played by resistance, without which it would be difficult to understand the actual existence of the Irmandade Nossa Senhora dos Homens Pretos de São Paulo, founded in 1711, in the central region of the city. Its history is mixed with the history of black people brotherhoods in general, but provides an example of how it continued to be the repository of folk tradition, grounded in the 'white' catholic religious practice and the 'black' religious practice, seen from the porch of slavery.Keywords: religion; power; secularism.

  4. http://www.jkimsu.com/jkimsu-vol3no2/JKIMSU,%20Vol.%203,%20No.%202,%20July-Dec%202014%20Page%20101-106.pdf

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nnodim Johnkennedy

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Background: Coconut water has many beneficial effects on health since it contains electrolyte, vitamins, sugar, protein, antioxidants, minerals, cytokinins and dietary fiber. Actually it is fat free and has zero cholesterol. It has antiviral and antibacterial properties, helps to lose weight, very beneficial to a person with kidney stones due to its minerals, potassium, and magnesium content and it has different effects in the sex organ. Aim and Objectives: This present study was carried out to investigate the effect of consumption of coconut water on the concentration of some serum sex hormones (Testosterone, Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH, Luteinizing Hormone (LH, and Prolactin in rats. Materials and Methods: Twenty (20 female Albino Wistar rats (200-220 g final body weight were randomly assigned into 2 groups of 10 rats each. Group I served as Control while Group II was administered 3 ml of coconut water for 28 days. Results: The levels of testosterone, FSH and LH were significantly increased, while prolactin was significantly decreased when compared with the control (P<0.05. Conclusion: This result implies probably that the consumption of coconut water could enhance reproductive functions in Albino Wistar rats and likely to increase the fertility.

  5.   30‑day mortality after hysterectomy among women with liver cirrhosis, Danish population‑based cohorts study" Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2002 May 10;102:202-5

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lesnikova, Iana; Thulstrup, AM; Nielsen, GL;

    2002-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Women with liver cirrhosis have a higher incidence of hysterectomy than the general population, generally because of abnormal bleeding. They may also have an increased risk of postoperative mortality and morbidity. METHODS: In the nationwide Danish National Patients Register (NPR) we ...

  6. Structural characterization of bamboo hemicellulose fractions isolated by alkaline H202%基于碱性H2O2法分级分离竹材半纤维素的结构特性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢涛; 余秉奇; 张儒

    2011-01-01

    To probe the efficient utilization of bamboo hemicellulose, the structural characterizations of three hemicelluose fractions isolated by alkaline hydrogen peroxide from defatted bamboo fiber were studied. The results demonstrated that the purity of the second and third fractional hemicelluloses is very high except that the first fractional hemicellulose contains only a little lignin. The three fractional hemicelluloses belong to xylan-hemicellulose because of the highest content of xylose up to about 50%.The three fractional hemicelluloses are non-crystal. With the increasing of fractional grade, the existence of hemicellulose gradually shift by round sphere to cloud body as a result of the more uniform of molecular chain of hemicellulose. Therefore, multi-stage separation is helpful to promote the purity and structural homogeneity of hemicellulose.%为探讨竹材半纤维素的高效利用,研究竹材纤维原料碱性过氧化氢法分级分离所得三级半纤维素的结构特性.结果表明:一级半纤维素中含有少量木质素,二级与三级半纤维素的纯度很高;3种半纤维素都是木聚糖型半纤维素,其组成中木糖含量高达50%左右;三级半纤维素均为无定形的非晶体,随着分离级数增加,半纤维素的分子链段趋向均匀,半纤维素的存在形态由圆球体逐渐向云状体转变.认为多级分离有利于提高半纤维素产品的纯度和结构均一性.

  7. 偶合反应流动注射化学发光法测定扑热息痛%Flow injection chemiluminescence determination of paracetamol with chromium (VI)-H202-luminol system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王书民; 樊雪梅; 苏智魁; 陈凤英; 刘萍

    2011-01-01

    As chromium(Ⅵ) can be reduced by paracetamol to chromium(Ⅲ) which enhance the CL intensity of luminol-H2O2system, a new chemiluminescent method for the determination of paracetamol was developed. The relative CL intensity was linearly related to the concentration of paracetamol in the range of 4. 0 × 10-9 ~4. 0 ×10-5mol/L with a detection limit of 1.0 × 10-9mol/L. The relative standard deviation( n = 8) for 4. 0 × 10-7mol/L paracetamol was 2. 7%. The method has been applied to the determination of paracetamol in the tablets.%基于扑热息痛还原铬(Ⅵ)和铬(Ⅲ)催化鲁米诺-过氧化氢的化学发光,建立了氧化还原偶合反应流动注射化学发光法测定扑热息痛的新方法.方法线性范围为4.0×10-9~4.0×10-5mol/L,检出限为1.0×10-9 mol/L.对4.0×10-7 mol/L扑热息痛平行测定8次,其标准偏差为2.7%.已将该方法用于片剂中扑热息痛含量测定.

  8. Moscheen und Madrasabauten in Iran 1785 – 1848: Architektur zwischen Rückgriff und Neuerung. Leiden, Boston, Brill, 2006, 1002 p., 202 pls. (Islamic History and Civilization. Studies and Texts, eds. Wadad Kadi and Rotraud Wielandt, vol. 62)

    OpenAIRE

    Rührdanz, Karin

    2008-01-01

    Although shaping the traditional quarters of Iranian cities, Qajar architecture has largely been neglected by art historians, so far. Ritter’s research is a promising start to establish 19th century architecture within the framework of the art history of Iran, as this has already been achieved in respect to Qajar painting. The first half of the volume is dedicated to the analysis of several types of mosque and madrasa buildings belonging to the early Qajar period. The second part contains the...

  9. Antibody levels against GLURP R2, MSP1 block 2 hybrid and AS202.11 and the risk of malaria in children living in hyperendemic (Burkina Faso) and hypo-endemic (Ghana) areas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Adu, Bright; Cherif, Mariama K; Bosomprah, Samuel;

    2016-01-01

    with increased risk of malaria (HR 1.29; 95 % CI 1.01-1.65, p = 0.04). CONCLUSION: These findings support further development of GLURP R2 and MSP1 block 2 hybrid, perhaps as a fusion vaccine antigen targeting malaria blood stage that can be deployed in areas of varying transmission intensity....

  10. INFLUENCE OF SINTERING TEMPERATURE ON THE POLARIZATION RESISTANCE OF LaO20.6SrO20.4CoO20.2FeO20.8O3-δ - SDC CARBONATE COMPOSITE CATHODE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurul Akidah Baharuddin

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The effects of sintering temperature of an LSCF-samarium-doped ceria carbonate (SDCC cathode composite film on its polarization resistance (Rp were evaluated in this study. An LSCF-SDCC composite cathode was prepared for cathode film development by electrophoretic deposition (EPD. The LSCF-SDCC composite cathode was prepared at 50:50 weight percentage ratio. An EPD suspension which is based on an organic aqueous solution was used, and a mixture of ethanol and deionized water was used as medium with poly diallyl dimethyl ammonium chloride (PDADMAC as a dispersing agent. SDCC substrate was used, and EPD was performed on both sides. A symmetrical cell with cathode composite LSCF-SDCC films on both sides of the substrate was subjected to sintering at five different temperatures (from 550°C to 750°C. A symmetrical cell was painted using silver paste before undergoing electrochemical performance test (air condition, in which the impedance, Z data, was measured. The effects of sintering temperature change on element content and film porosity were first investigated by energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, field emission scanning electron microscopy, and J-image analysis. Ceramic-based cathode LSCF-SDCC that was sintered at 600°C exhibited the lowest Rp at a value of 0.68 Ω when operated at 650°C. This study proved that EPD has potential in developing IT-LT solid oxide fuel cell cathode components with high electrochemical performance in terms of Rp values.

  11. Inclusive measurement of (p,πsup(-)xn) double charge exchange reactions on bismuth from threshold to 800 MeV

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The energy dependence of the total angle-integrated cross section for the production of astatine isotopes from (p,πsup(-)xn) double charge exchange reactions on bismuth (sup(209)Bi) was measured from 120 to 800 MeV using activation and radiochemical techniques. Chemical yields were estimated by direct radioassaying of sup(211)At activity in thin (approximately 1 mg/cmsup(2)), irradiated bismuth targets. Calculations of the contributions of secondary (2-step) reactions to these measured astatine yields were performed, based partially upon the observed sup(211)At activity although even at the highest energies, the contribution to products lighter than sup(207)At was negligible. These data for products with as many as 7 neutrons removed from the doubly coherent product (sup(210)At) display nearby gaussian shapes for the mass distributions of the astatine residues with the maximum occurring for about sup(204)At. The most probable momentum transfer deduced from these distributions for the initial πsup(-) production step was 335 MeV/c. The observed excitation functions display a behaviour similar to that observed for the yield of sup(210)Po from a (p,πsup(O)) reaction on sup(209)Bi, but radically different from that observed for inclusive πsup(-) reactions on a heavy nucleus. These data are discussed in terms of recent theoretical approaches to negative pion production from bismuth. In addition, a simple, schematic model is developed to treat the rapidly decreasing percentage of the total inclusive πsup(-) emission which is observed for this double charge exchange reaction. This model reflects the capacity of a nucleus to a source of internal energetic protons

  12. Human radiation studies: Remembering the early years: Oral history of Dr. Patricia Wallace Durbin, Ph.D., conducted November 11, 1994

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report is a transcript of an interview of Dr. Patricia Wallace Durbin by representatives of the US DOE Office of Human Radiation Research. Dr. Durbin was selected for this interview because of her knowledge of the human plutonium injections and her recollections of key figures, especially Joseph Hamilton. After a brief biographical sketch Dr. Durbin discusses her loss of research funding from DOE, her recollections concerning research into strontium metabolism as part of Project Sunshine, her recollections relating to the rationale for studies of human metabolism of radionuclides, her remembrances of Dr. Hamilton's Astatine and Plutonium research, and her experiences in gathering archival records concerning these researches

  13. EFFECT OF MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF MARTENSITE AND LOADING RATE ON DUAL PHASE STEELS

    OpenAIRE

    BAYRAM, Ali

    1998-01-01

    In this study, steel sheet materials were used in order to obtain dual-phase steel. Specimens for this purpose have been annealed in ferrite + astatine regions at the temperatures of 740, 760, 800 and 820 °C. The specimens were annealed at the different temperatures with corresponding times 20, 40 and 60 minutes and quenched into water. As a result of this dual-phase steels at different ferrite + martensite ratio were produced. Sheet specimens were tested at the range of loading rates of 1...

  14. 76 FR 20892 - Prohibition Against Payment of Interest on Demand Deposits

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-14

    .... Allison, Senior Counsel (202/452-3565), Legal Division, or Joshua S. Louria, Financial Analyst (202/263... Advertising, Banks, Banking, Consumer protection, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Truth in...

  15. 78 FR 2456 - Fidelity Commonwealth Trust, et al.; Notice of Application

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    ...: Bruce R. MacNeil, Senior Counsel at (202) 551-6817, or Daniele Marchesani, Branch Chief, at (202) 551... advertised, marketed or otherwise held out as a traditional open-end investment company or a mutual...

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  17. 78 FR 77194 - Data Collection Available for Public Comments

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    ... Analyst, 202-205-6301, andrea.giles@sba.gov , or Curtis B. Rich, Management Analyst, 202-205-7030, curtis... Estimated Annual Responses: 58. Total Estimated Annual Hour Burden: 7,232. Curtis Rich, Management...

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    ...@sba.gov 202-205-7576 eric.eide@sba.gov Curtis B. Rich, Management Analyst, 202-205-7030 curtis.rich.... Annual Responses: 13,500. Annual Burden: 38,500. Curtis B. Rich, Acting Chief, Administrative...

  20. 24 CFR 882.413 - Responsibility of the Family.

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    ... OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (SECTION 8 HOUSING ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS, SECTION 202 DIRECT LOAN PROGRAM, SECTION 202 SUPPORTIVE HOUSING FOR THE ELDERLY PROGRAM AND SECTION 811 SUPPORTIVE HOUSING FOR PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES PROGRAM) SECTION 8 MODERATE REHABILITATION PROGRAMS Special Procedures...

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    ... (SECTION 8 HOUSING ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS, SECTION 202 DIRECT LOAN PROGRAM, SECTION 202 SUPPORTIVE HOUSING FOR THE ELDERLY PROGRAM AND SECTION 811 SUPPORTIVE HOUSING FOR PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES PROGRAM) SECTION 8 MODERATE REHABILITATION PROGRAMS Special Procedures for Moderate Rehabilitation-Basic...

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  6. 24 CFR 882.411 - Payments for vacancies.

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  7. 24 CFR 882.410 - Rent adjustments.

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  10. 78 FR 64052 - Proposed Interagency Policy Statement Establishing Joint Standards for Assessing the Diversity...

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  14. 78 FR 41190 - Deepwater Port License Application: Liberty Natural Gas LLC, Port Ambrose Deepwater Port

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    ... Operations, telephone 202-366-9826. Correction In the Federal Register of June 24, 2013, in FR Doc. 2013-0363... INFORMATION CONTACT: Mr. Roddy Bachman, U.S. Coast Guard, telephone: 202-372-1451, email:...

  15. 75 FR 21340 - Federal Property Suitable as Facilities To Assist the Homeless

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-23

    ... 7262, Washington, DC 20410; telephone (202) 708-1234; TTY number for the hearing- and speech-impaired (202) 708-2565, (these telephone numbers are not toll- free), or call the toll-free Title V...

  16. 75 FR 25285 - Federal Property Suitable as Facilities To Assist the Homeless

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-07

    ..., Washington, DC 20410; telephone (202) 708-1234; TTY number for the hearing- and speech-impaired (202) 708-2565, (these telephone numbers are not toll- free), or call the toll-free Title V information line...

  17. 75 FR 69456 - Federal Property Suitable as Facilities To Assist the Homeless

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-12

    ...., Room 7262, Washington, DC 20410; telephone (202) 708-1234; TTY number for the hearing- and speech-impaired (202) 708-2565, (these telephone numbers are not toll-free), or call the toll-free Title...

  18. 75 FR 38536 - Federal Property Suitable as Facilities To Assist the Homeless

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-02

    ..., Washington, DC 20410; telephone (202) 708-1234; TTY number for the hearing- and speech-impaired (202) 708-2565, (these telephone numbers are not toll- free), or call the toll-free Title V information line...

  19. 75 FR 19986 - Federal Property Suitable as Facilities To Assist the Homeless

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-16

    ... 7262, Washington, DC 20410; telephone (202) 708-1234; TTY number for the hearing- and speech-impaired (202) 708-2565, (these telephone numbers are not toll- free), or call the toll-free Title V...

  20. 75 FR 1751 - Hearing on the Department of Justice's Actions Related to the New Black Panther Party Litigation...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-13

    ..., color, religion, sex, age, disability, or national origin, or in the administration of justice. The..., Public Affairs Unit (202) 376-8591. TDD: (202) 376-8116. Persons with a disability requiring...

  1. 75 FR 54801 - Account Ownership and Control Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-09

    ... October 7, 2010. \\1\\ 75 FR 41775 (July 19, 2010). DATES: Written comments must be received on or before... Director, Market Compliance, 202-418-5641, or Cody J. Alvarez, Attorney Advisor, 202-418-5404, Division...

  2. 77 FR 19033 - Effect of Adding References to HS 6104.32 To Correct the U.S.-Korea FTA Product-Specific Rules of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-29

    ... Leaders Heidi Colby-Oizumi (202-205-3391 or heidi.colby@usitc.gov ) or Kimberlie Freund (202-708- 5402 or kimberlie.freund@usitc.gov ) for information specific to this investigation. For information on the...

  3. 78 FR 20137 - Probable Economic Effect of Certain Modifications to the North American Free Trade Agreement...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-03

    ....usitc.gov/secretary/edis.htm . FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Project Leader Kimberlie Freund (202- 708-5402 or Kimberlie.freund@usitc.gov ) or Deputy Project Leader Philip Stone (202-205-3424 or...

  4. 75 FR 16738 - Antidumping or Countervailing Duty Order, Finding, or Suspended Investigation; Advance...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-02

    ... Review). (202) 482-1391. Potassium Permanganate from the PRC (A-570-001) Jennifer Moats, (202) (3rd... Countervailing Duty Orders; Policy Bulletin, 63 FR 18871 (April 16, 1998). The Notice of Initiation of...

  5. Asian & Pacific Islander American Health Forum

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Tel: 202.466.7772 - Fax: 202.296.0610 info@apiahf.org | Privacy Policy | Login | Web development by ... to the Health Information Network: Subscribe to the Health Information Network to receive ...

  6. 78 FR 78519 - Appraisals for Higher-Priced Mortgage Loans

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-26

    ... Housing Finance Agency (FHFA); National Credit Union Administration (NCUA); and Office of the Comptroller..., at (202) 649-6423, G. Kevin Lawton, Appraiser (Real Estate Specialist), at (202) 649-7152, Charlotte..., Office of General Counsel, (202) 649-3078, Federal Housing Finance Agency, 400 Seventh Street...

  7. 78 FR 10246 - Data Collection Available for Public Comments and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-13

    ....gov , 202-205-7528, sandra.johnston@sba.gov , Curtis B. Rich, Management Analyst, 202-205- 7030, curtis.rich@sba.gov ; SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Small Business Administration (SBA) regulations require....washington@sba.gov .; Curtis B. Rich, Management Analyst, 202- 205-7030, curtis.rich@sba.gov ....

  8. 75 FR 6226 - Data Collection Available for Public Comments and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-08

    ... CONTACT: Sandra Johnston, Office of Financial Assistance, 202-205-7528, ] sandra.johnston@sba.gov . Curtis B. Rich, Management Analyst, 202-205- 7030, curtis.rich@sba.gov . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: This....nnewman-karton@sba.gov . Curtis B. Rich, Management Analyst, 202-205-7030,...

  9. 78 FR 77792 - Extension of Comment Period for Proposed Interagency Policy Statement Establishing Joint...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-24

    ... Inclusion, at (202) 649-6460 or Karen McSweeney, Counsel, Law Department, at (202) 649-6295, Office of the... prepare their comments. \\1\\ 78 FR 64052 (October 25, 2013). DATES: Comments must be received on or before..., or Tracey L. McNeil, Counsel, Office of Minority and Women Inclusion, (202) 551-3392, Securities...

  10. 78 FR 4860 - 21st Century Conservation Service Corps Advisory Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-23

    ...., MS 3559, Washington, DC 20240; telephone (202) 208-7586; fax (202) 208-5873; or email Lisa_Young@ios... Lisa_Young@ios.doi.gov or by phone at (202) 208-7586. Dated: January 17, 2013. Lisa Young,...

  11. 77 FR 14561 - 21st Century Conservation Service Corps Advisory Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-12

    ... (202) 208-7586; fax (202) 208-5873; or email Lisa_Young@ios.doi.gov . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: In... Young via email at Lisa_Young@ios.doi.gov or by phone at (202) 208-7586. Dated: March 7, 2012....

  12. 77 FR 22798 - 21st Century Conservation Service Corps Advisory Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-17

    ..., Washington, DC 20240; telephone (202) 208-7586; fax (202) 208-5873; or email Lisa_Young@ios.doi.gov... phone number to Lisa Young via email at Lisa_Young@ios.doi.gov or by phone at (202) 208-7586....

  13. 77 FR 30290 - Sunshine Act Meeting; Open Commission Meeting; Thursday, May 24, 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-22

    ... utilize spectrum to transition networks from legacy 2G technologies to advanced wireless technologies. The... event. 2...... Office of Engineering Title: Amendment of the Commission's and Technology. Rules to... contractor, Best Copy and Printing, Inc. (202) 488-5300; Fax (202) 488-5563; TTY (202) 488-5562. These...

  14. Alpha-decay studies of the new isotopes sup 1 sup 9 sup 1 At and sup 1 sup 9 sup 3 At

    CERN Document Server

    Kettunen, H; Grahn, T; Greenlees, P T; Jones, P; Julin, R; Juutinen, S; Keenan, A; Kuusiniemi, P; Leino, M; Leppaenen, A P; Nieminen, P; Pakarinen, J; Rahkila, P; Uusitalo, J

    2003-01-01

    Detailed alpha-decay studies have been performed for the neutron-deficient isotopes sup 1 sup 9 sup 1 At and sup 1 sup 9 sup 3 At. The nuclei were produced in fusion-evaporation reactions of sup 5 sup 4 Fe and sup 5 sup 6 Fe ions with a sup 1 sup 4 sup 1 Pr target. The fusion products were separated in-flight using a gas-filled recoil separator and implanted into a position-sensitive silicon detector. The isotopes were identified using position, time and energy correlations between the implants and subsequent alpha-decays. Three alpha-decaying states were identified for sup 1 sup 9 sup 3 At and two for sup 1 sup 9 sup 1 At. The spin and parity of the initial states in the astatine isotopes were deduced based on unhindered alpha-decays to states in the bismuth daughter nuclei. In both astatine isotopes the 1/2 sup + intruder state was determined to be the ground state and a 7/2 sup - state to be the first-excited state. In sup 1 sup 9 sup 3 At the alpha-decay of the 13/2 sup + state was observed in coincidence...

  15. Rationalization of the solvation effects on the AtO+ ground-state change.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ayed, Tahra; Réal, Florent; Montavon, Gilles; Galland, Nicolas

    2013-09-12

    (211)At radionuclide is of considerable interest as a radiotherapeutic agent for targeted alpha therapy in nuclear medicine, but major obstacles remain because the basic chemistry of astatine (At) is not well understood. The AtO(+) cationic form might be currently used for (211)At-labeling protocols in aqueous solution and has proved to readily react with inorganic/organic ligands. But AtO(+) reactivity must be hindered at first glance by spin restriction quantum rules: the ground state of the free cation has a dominant triplet character. Investigating AtO(+) clustered with an increasing number of water molecules and using various flavors of relativistic quantum methods, we found that AtO(+) adopts in solution a Kramers restricted closed-shell configuration resembling a scalar-relativistic singlet. The ground-state change was traced back to strong interactions, namely, attractive electrostatic interactions and charge transfer, with water molecules of the first solvation shell that lift up the degeneracy of the frontier π* molecular orbitals (MOs). This peculiarity brings an alternative explanation to the highly variable reproducibility reported for some astatine reactions: depending on the production protocols (with distillation in gas-phase or "wet chemistry" extraction), (211)At may or may not readily react. PMID:23944251

  16. Occurrence of gastrointestinal parasites in goat kids Ocorrência de parasitos gastrintestinais em cabritos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Willian Marinho Dourado Coelho

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Fecal samples from male and female goat kids, of different breeds and up to one year of age, were analyzed to determine egg and oocyst counts per gram of feces (EPG and OPG, respectively, and fecal culturing was performed to identify nematode genera. Helminth eggs and Eimeria spp. oocysts were found in 93.06% (188/202 and 77.22% (156/202 of the fecal samples, respectively. From fecal cultures, the following genera were identified: Cooperia in 11.88% (24/202, Haemonchus in 51.98% (105/202, Oesophagostomum in 9.4% (19/202, Strongyloides in 5.94 (12/202 and Trichostrongylus in 20.79% (42/202 of the samples. The Eimeria species found were E. alijevi in 25.24% (51/202, E. arloingi in 7.42% (15/202, E. caprina in 2.97% (6/202, E. caprovina in 10.39% (21/202, E. christenseni in 4.45% (9/202, E. joklchijevi in 11.38% (23/202, E. hirci in 9.4% (19/202 and E. ninakohlyakimovae in 28.71% (58/202 samples. Among the gastrointestinal parasites, the genus Haemonchus and two Eimeria species (E. ninakohlyakimovae and E. alijevi were predominants.Amostras fecais de cabritos machos e fêmeas, de diferentes raças e com até uma ano de idade, foram examinadas para determinação do número de ovos e oocistos por grama de fezes (OPG e OoPG, respectivamente e coprocultura para identificação genérica dos nematódeos. Ovos de helmintos e oocistos de Eimeria spp. foram observados em 93,06% (188/202 e 77,22% (156/202 das amostras, respectivamente. Pelas coproculturas, foram identificados os gêneros Cooperia em 11,88% (24/202, Haemonchus em 51,98% (105/202, Oesophagostomum em 9,4% (19/202, Strongyloides em 5,94 (12/202 e Trichostrongylus em 20,79% (42/202 das amostras. As espécies de Eimeria encontradas foram E. alijevi em 25,24% (51/202, E. arloingi em 7,42% (15/202, E. caprina em 2,97% (6/202, E. caprovina em 10,39% (21/202, E. christenseni em 4,45% (9/202, E. joklchijevi em 11,38% (23/202, E. hirci em 9,4% (19/202 e E. ninakohlyakimovae em 28,71% (58/202 das

  17. Dicty_cDB: SSD363 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ning vector pDXA-3strep. 202 8e-50 2 X85119 |X85119.1 Artificial sequences cloning vector DNA pDXA-3H. 202 8...oning vector pDXA-3FLAG. 202 8e-50 2 X85118 |X85118.1 Artificial sequences clonin...g vector DNA pDXA-3C. 202 8e-50 2 X85123 |X85123.1 Artificial sequences cloning vector DNA pDXA-HC. 202 9e-5...0 2 AF269236 |AF269236.1 Cloning vector pDXA-FLAG, complete sequence. 202 9e-50 2 X85120 |X85120.1 Artificial...e-50 2 X85122 |X85122.1 Artificial sequences cloning vector DNA pDXA-HY. 202 8e-50 2 AJ510165 |AJ510165.1 Cl

  18. Representações sociais de familiares de pacientes internados no centro de terapia intensiva sobre saúde e doença
    doi: 10.12662/2317-3076jhbs.v3i4.164.p202-208.2015

    OpenAIRE

    Esleane Vilela Vasconcelos; Karina de Oliveira Freitas; Rosana Santos Bezerra; Sílvio Éder Dias da Silva; Jeferson Santos Araújo; Natacha Mariana Farias da Cunha; Poliana dos Santos Alves; Ronaldo de Sousa Moeira Baia

    2015-01-01

    Introdução: O processo saúde e doença representa o conjunto de relações e variáveis que produzem e condicionam o estado de saúde-doença de uma população que se modifica, nos diversos momentos históricos, conforme o desenvolvimento científico da humanidade, sendo uma expressão particular do processo geral da vida de cada meio social. Objetivo: Identificar, analisar e descrever as representações dos familiares de pacientes internados no CTI sobre saúde e doença. Métodos: Pesquisa qualitativa ba...

  19. Evidence against inhibition of sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2 + -pump as mechanism of H202-induced contraction of rat aorta%肌浆网钙泵的抑制不参与过氧化氢诱导的大鼠主动脉收缩

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈建中; 郑秀凤; 魏尔清; 關超然

    2001-01-01

    目的:研究肌浆网钙泵抑制是否参与H2O2诱导的大 鼠主动脉收缩反应。方法:离体主动脉环张力实验 比较H2O2及钙泵特异性抑制剂环匹阿尼酸(CPA)缩 血管效应及其信号机制的差异。结果:H2O2和CPA 均收缩去内皮主动脉环,但H2O2触发快速短暂相位 相收缩,而CPA诱导缓慢持续的张力相收缩。在无 钙液中,仅CPA 30 μmol/L而非H2O2 30μmol/L预 处理取消苯肾上腺素10 μmol/L缩血管效应。Thap- sigargin 30 μmol/L诱导最大收缩反应时,仅H2O2能 使血管环进一步收缩。另外,P2受体拮抗剂 suramin、RB-2(各100μmol/L)以及多种酶抑制剂包 括PLC、PKC、PLA2、COX和蛋白质酪氨酸激酶均 能抑制H2O2而非CPA诱导的缩血管效应,但2-APB 50μmol/L对两者都有抑制作用。结论:肌浆网钙 泵抑制不是H2O2收缩大鼠去内皮主动脉的机制。%AIM: To test whether inhibition of sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+ -pump is involved in H2O2-induced contraction of endothelium-denuded rat aorta. METH ODS: Isometric tension recording of H2O2 and cyclopia zonic acid (CPA)-induced contractions of rat aortic rings were compared in the absence or presence of various pharmacological tools to discriminate their signaling path ways involved. RESULTS: Both H2O2 and CPA con tracted rat aortic rings, but with different contractile pat terns. H2O2 triggered a fast and phasic contraction, whereas CPA elicited a slow and sustained contraction. In Ca 2 +-free medium, pretreatment of aortic tings with CPA 30 μmol/L but not with H2O2 30 μmol/L nearly abolished phenylephrine (10 μmol/L)-induced contrac tion. In addition, upon the maximal contraction induced by thapsigargin 30 μ r mol/L, H2O2 but not CPA further contracted aortic rings. On the other hand, H2O2 (30 μmoL/L)- but not CPA (10 μmol/L)-induced contraction could be inhibited by suramin and RB-2 (each 100 μmol/L), two P2-purinoceptor antagonists. Further more, although pretreatment with 2-APB, a membrane permeable IP3 receptor blocker, inhibited both H2O2- and CPA-induced contractions, only H2O2 (30 μ mol/L)- induced contraction could be depressed, to different de gree, by various inhibitors of receptor-coupled or down stream signaling enzymes, including PLC, PKC, PLA2, COX, and protein tyrosine kinases. CONCLUSION: Inhibition of smooth muscle SR Ca2 + -pump is unlikely the mechanism responsible for H2O2-induced contraction of endothelium-denuded rat aorta.

  20. Younger Adults Derive Pleasure and Utilitarian Benefits from Browsing for Music Information Seeking in Physical and Digital Spaces. A Review of: Laplante, A., & Downie, J. S. (2011. The utilitarian and hedonic outcomes of music information-seeking in everyday life. Library & Information Science Research, 33, 202-210. doi:10.1016/j.lisr.2010.11.002

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana K. Wakimoto

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective – This study’s objective was to identify the utilitarian and hedonic features of satisfying music information seeking experiences from the perspective of younger adults when using physical and digital music information retrieval (MIR systems in their daily lives.Design – In-depth, semi-structured interviews.Setting – Large public library in Montreal, Canada.Subjects – 15 French-speaking younger adults,10 males and 5 females (aged 18 to 29 years, mean age of 24 years.Methods – A pre-test was completed to test the interview guide. The guide was dividedinto five sections asking the participants questions about their music tastes, how music fit into their daily lives, how they discovered music, what music information sources were used and how they were used, what made their experiences satisfying, and theirbiographical information. Participants were recruited between April 1, 2006 and August 8,2007 following maximum variation samplingfor the main study. Recruitment stopped whendata saturation was reached and no new themes arose during analysis. Interviews were recorded and the transcripts were analyzed via constant comparative method (CCM to determine themes and patterns. Main Results – The researchers found that both utilitarian and hedonic factors contributed to satisfaction with music information seeking experiences for the young adults. Utilitarian factors were divided between two main categories: finding music and finding information about music. Finding information about music could be further divided into three sub-categories: increasing cultural knowledge and social acceptance through increased knowledge about music, enriching the listening experience by finding information about the artist and the music, and gathering information to help with future music purchases including information that would help the participants recommend music to others. Hedonic outcomes that contributed to satisfying information seeking experiences included deriving pleasure and feeling engaged while searching or browsing for music. Especially satisfying experiences were those where the participants felt highly engaged in the process and found new, independent, non-mainstream music. Not finding new music did not automatically lead to an unsatisfying experience for the participants; however, technology malfunctions in digital MIR systems and unpleasant environments such as those with unfriendly staff in physical music spaces (libraries and stores, led to unsatisfying experiences for the participants.Conclusions – As the results show that the hedonic aspects of music information seeking are very important, designers of MIR systems must take into account the hedonic as well as utilitarian outcomes when creating user interfaces. MIR systems should be designed with browsing as well as searching capabilities so searchers can make serendipitous discoveries of new music and information about music. In other words, MIR systems need to be engaging to ensure satisfying interactions for searchers.